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Full text of "The Berkeley manuscripts. The lives of the Berkeleys, lords of the honour, castle and manor of Berkeley, in the county of Gloucester, from 1066 to 1618;"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

University of Toronto 



http://www.archive.org/details/berkeleymanuscri03smyt 



THE BERKELEY MANUSCRIPTS 



A DESCRIPTION 



£}unbreb of Berkeley 

IN THE COUNTY OF GLOUCESTER 

AND OF 

3ts 3nfyabitcmts 

BY JOHN SMYTH, OF NIBLEY 



VOL. Ill 



Edited by Sir JOHN MACLEAN, F.S.A., etc. 

FOR THE BRISTOL AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY 



GLOUCESTER: PRINTED BY JOHN BELLOWS 

FOR THE SUBSCRIBERS 

MDCCCLXXXV 




JUM 261967 



PREFACE TO VOLUME III 



It is with much gratification we lay before the Subfcribers the 
Third and laft Volume of the firft feries of Smyth's Berkeley Manufcripts 
which the Council of the Briftol and Gloucefterfhire Archaeological 
Society, with the obliging permiffion of Lord Fitz Harding, has caufed 
to be printed for the members of the Society. We fay the firft feries, for 
thefe three volumes form but a fmall portion of Smyth's voluminous 
works, extending to twenty-fix volumes, mofl of them folio, as defcribed 
by himfelf in a fchedule at the end of this volume. Unfortunately few 
of thefe are now extant. At Berkeley Caftle is one of them. It would 
feem to be one of thofe numbered 7 and 8 in Smyth's fchedule referred 
to above, probably No. 7. The title-page ftates it to be " A Regifter of 
all fuch Tenures by Knight's Service as are belonginge either to the 
Baronyes of Berkeley and Brufe in the County of Gloucefter; or, To 
the Baronyes of Mowbray and Segrave in the County of Leicefter ; or, 
Which are holden of any Manors in the Countyes of Gloucefter, Somerfet, 
Leicefter, Warwicke, Rutland, Northampton and Suffex, or which lye in 
any of them ; being the inheritance of the right honourable Henry Lord 
Berkeley, or of Thomas Berkeley knight, fonne and heire apparent of 
the faid Lord Berkeley. Collected by the labours of John Smyth, a 
profeffed follower of theire unattaynted family, and finifhed in Anno 
tercio Regis Jacobi Primi Anno que Dni 1605." It extends, altogether, 
to about 440 pages, fome few of which are blank. The other volume, 
No. 8, appears to be loft. 

In the poffeffion of Reginald Cholmondeley, of Condover Hall, 
County Salop, Efq., Smyth's heir-at-law, are two other volumes. One 
of the fet numbered 14, 15 and 16 in Smyth's fchedule. The title of this 

volume 



ii PREFACE 

volume is " The Names and Surnames of all the able and fumcient men 
in body fitt for his Ma ties fervice in the vvarres in the Dyvifion of the 
fforeft, within the County of Glouc r , wherein are contayned the hundreds 
of St. Brevils, Weftbury, Bedfloe, Botloe, and the Duchy of Lancafter, 
with their ages, perfonal natures, and armours, viewed by the right 
honorable Henry Lord Barkley lord Lieutenant of the faid County by 
direction from his Ma tie in the month of September 1608. Anno que 
Sexto Regni Regis Jacobi Anglie &c." The volume contains alfo the 
names of the Lords of the Manors as ftated in the fchedule before men- 
tioned. The two miffing volumes embrace, of courfe, the particulars for 
the remainder of the County. 

The other volume at Condover is a folio of great intereft and value. 
It is numbered 19 in Smyth's fchedule, and contains Abftracts of all the 
Offices, or Inquifitions port mortem, and of Ad quod damnum, in the 
County of Gloucefter from io'. h Henry III. to 28'. h Henry VIII. 

The fpecial volumes mentioned under No. 26 of Smyth's fchedule 
are not now to be found. They might poffibly have been handed over 
to the purchafers, with the title deeds, when the eftates to which they 
refer were fold by Henry Lord Berkeley. 

I hope the Council will be able to fee its way to print, as afecond 
/cries, all the volumes now extant, or fo many of them as may be per- 
mitted by the owners, with as little delay as poffible. 

The preparation of thefe volumes was manifeftly a labour of love 
with the writer, and few can eftimate the vaftnefs of that labour. " Great 
indeed," he fays, " had not a continued delight of 40 yeares haled mee 
alonge," he is thus bearing teftimony to the abforbing attraction which 
hiftorical refearches have for a ftudent who once gives himfelf to the 
fubject. Smyth loved his books as his children, and the manner in 
which he takes leave of them on the conclufion of his labours is quite 
pathetic. The fubferibers cannot fail, however, to have noticed that this 

volume 



PREFACE iii 

volume has been written in hafte. It is not, the author tells us, caft in 
the mould which he intended, for he purpofed it mould have contained 
a review of a book of the lord Berkeley's tenures by knight fervice in 
this hundred of Berkeley, finifhed in the year 1605, but his "withered 
age" prevented it. This, however, is not the point to which we more 
particularly allude. The volume is, generally, left in a lefs perfect con- 
dition than his previous works. There are many blanks, which, perhaps, 
in the procefs of writing his defect of memory did not enable him 
readily to fill up, and therefore he referved for further refearches, which 
poffibly he was never afterwards able to make. He evidently thought 
that the time was faft approaching when he muft reft from his labours, as 
he well deferved to do, for concluding this volume on the 21 st December, 
1639, in the 73 rd year of his age, he died on the 25 th February, 1 640-1. 
The lofs of the great bulk of the contents of the Muniment Room in 
Berkeley Caftle in the Civil War renders it now impoffible to complete 
what Smyth unfortunately left unfinifhed. 

We cannot conclude our connection with the three moft important 
volumes which we have had the pleafure of paffing through the prefs, 
without expreffing our obligations to Mr. J. H. Cooke, F.S.A., now 
Steward of the Berkeley Eftates, for his great kindnefs in collating the 
text with that of the revifed and improved copies which Smyth prefented 
to George Lord Berkeley, which has rendered the volumes as printed 
more perfect than they otherwife could have been. We defire alfo to 
thank Mr. J. A. C. Vincent for the very careful manner in which he 
prepared the tranfcripts, which has confiderably lightened the editorial 
labour ; and laftly the Printer, for the attention beftowed upon the typo- 
graphical portion of the work, which has added greatly to its attractive 
appearance. 

J. M. 



®lje ^undref* of Serkeleg 

A Defcription of the Hundred of Berkeley, and of 
the Inhabitants thereof, in the County of Glouc ; The 
Remaines of a greater worke, collected and difpofed by 
the indeavors of — John Smyth. 

My refidence wherein, for more then forty yeares, emboldeneth 
mee : ffirft in generall, And after in perticuler, by way of 
Alphabet, to make my obfervations legible. 

3fn gtneraH thus; 

Cl)\S hundred of 2SerMep with the refidue of the County of Gloucefter was 
anciently inhabited by the 2&rittaiM0 called 2Do6utli, fomtimes in ancient 
authors, by tranfplantinge of the two firft confonants, called 23obuni; And 
when by the Conqueft of the Englifh Saxons, that name was worne out, The In- 
habitants of this hundred, (as others round about it,) were called by newe Saxon 
name, Wiccij : The Relickes of which appellation, afwell in this hundred as in other 
parts of this County, yet feeme to live in the name of Wicke ; whereby divers 
villages are called, whofe fcituation is not difagreeinge to the Ethnology of that 
name, A ctctke, COtJC, or rcarf) of a ryver, or necke of land : But after fuch time as 
Ceaulin kinge of the Weft Saxons, had, about the yeare of Grace 566, put the 
Brittaines at Durham [Dyrham] not farre from this hundred, to flight, and dif- 
poffeffed them of Durfjam, <0IOUCC£tcr, CirntCCgtCr, and other adioyninge places, It 
was for many yeares fubiect to the Weft Saxons ; Vpon whom, though the Mercian 
a fucceedinge hingbomc in the time of the Saxon heptarchy prevailed, yet after- 
wards fdettba, kinge of the St^crciang, was difpoffeffed againe by <ilincgli£c, then 
raigninge over the Weft Saxons ; Howbeit, afwell thofe Townes as this hundred, 
with all the territories therabouts, came againe vnder the fubieclion of the 
2l9crcian£, and fo continued till Egbert, kinge of the Weft Saxons, reduced the 
wholl Heptarchy into one Englifh Monarchy, about the yeare — 800, And gave to 
the wholl the name of <JJng!aillJ. 

But 

B VOL. Ill 



^utiDrcti of 23crfericp 

But it muft bee conceived, that the word (hundred,) till kinge Egbert had 
divided this kingdome, was not in vfe, but diftinguifhed in fmall regions, by Hides 
of land, efpetially in thefe parts, as after will appeare ; Each Hide, generally con- 
taininge, 160 acres, That is, 4. yard land, at 40. acres to each yard land, which to 
this day, is the vfuall content of a yard land in the ritcher foile of this hundred ; 
But in the wolds, or hilly part therof, a yard | land is fomwhat more. 

In the kingdome of the Weft Saxons, or of S^crcia, when at the largeft, were 
reckoned one hundred thoufand hides, whereof in this hundred of Berkeley, as the 
booke of Domefdei fheweth, were 123 hides, befides certaine Carucates, and yard 
lands, as after perticulerly followeth : And in truth this name (hundred) or this 
divifion by Hundreds was not fully eftablifhed till the raigne of kinge Aelfrid ats 
Alured, after hee became fole Monarche, about the yeare of our Lord — 890. 

And in that firft age after the Saxons convertion to Chriftianity, or the age 
that followed, (ages of much piety,) It feemes that a Nunry was founded by one of 
thofe princes, in that part of this hundred, where the Caftle of Berkeley (the 
center-place of the hundred) now ftandeth, but by whom, I could never finde ; nor, 
doe I thinke that, that which for fix hundred yeares hath byn loft, will bee found 
heerafter ; and the fame largely endowed, if not with all yet with the greateft part 
of the poffeffions of this Hundred ; And fo continued till about the beginninge of 
the raigne of kinge Edward the Confeffor, Anno 1043, when by the wily and wicked 
plot of Earle Goodwin, recorded by Walter Mape in his manufcript hiftory of that 
time, it was by that king diffolved, And all the poffeffions therof given to that 
Earle ; who left the fame to Harold his fonne, who after the death of that kinge 
vfurped the Crowne of this land ; whom William Duke of Normandy, called the 
Conqueror, flewe in battle, in Anno 1066, wherby this his paternall poffeffion 
efcheated, 1 And, with what elfe hee had, vefted in the Crowne : And fo continued 
about 85 yeares, lett in feefarme to that noble family of the Berkeleis, called of 
Durefiy, till toward the end of the raigne of kinge Stephen, as after more per- 
ticulerly followeth. 

Which wily and wicked plot of the faid Earle Goodwin to gaine thereby this 
tract of ground, Mape thus delivereth. 

2ScrJftricp 

1 This does not agree with the Domefday record in which Berchelai appears under Terra Regis, that 
is land in the hand of King Edward the Confeffor. [Ed.] 



<*3cncral SDctfcrigtion 

2£>CEfttfcp neere vnto Severne is a towne of 500 1 ! revenue ; in it there was a 
nunnery, and the Abbeffe over theis Nunnes was a noble woman and beautifull : 
Earle Goodwyn, by a cunninge and fubtile witt defiringe not her felfe but hers, as 
hee paffed that way, leaft with her a nephew of his, a very proper and beautifull 
yonge gentleman, (pretending that hee was fickely,) vntill hee returned backe. 
Him hee had given this leffon, that hee fhould keepe his bed, and in no wife feeme 
to bee recovered, vntill hee had got both her, and as many of the Nunnes as hee 
could, with child, as they came to vifit him : And to the end the younge man might 
obtaine their favour and his full purpofe, when they vifited him, the Earle gave vnto 
him pretty ringes | and fine girdles, to beftowe for favours vpon them, and therby 
to deceive them : Hee therfore beinge gladly and willingly entred into this courfe 
of libidinous pleafure, (for that the way downe to hell is eafy,) was taught his 
leffons, and wifely playeth the foole in that which feemed wife in his owne conceipt : 
with him were reftant all thofe thinges which the foolifh virgins could wifh for, 
beauty, dainty delicates, ritches, faire fpeach ; and carefull hee was nowe to fingle 
them alone ; The Devill therfore thruft out Pallas, brought in Venus, and made 
the church of our Saviour and his faints an accurfed temple of all idolls, and the 
fhrine a very ftewes : And fo of pure lambes hee made them foule fhee wolves, and 
of pure virgins filthy harlots ; now when as many of their bellies bare out bigge 
and round, this youth beinge by this time over-wearied with conqueft of pleafure, 
getteth him gone, And forthwith bringeth home vnto his lord and maifter a 
victorious enfigne, worthy to have the reward of iniquity, and to fpeake plainly, 
relateth what was done: Noe fooner heard hee this, but hee hieth him to the kinge, 
informeth him how the lady Abbeffe of Berkeley and her Nunnes were great with 
childe, and comonly proftitute to every one that would, fendeth meffengers on pur- 
pofe for enquiry therof, proveth all that hee had faid ; hee beggeth Berkeley of 
the kinge his lord, after the Nunnes were thruft out, and obtaineth it at his hands, 
And hee left it to his wife Gweda ; but becaufe fhee her felfe would eat nothinge 
that came out of this Manor, for that the Nunrye was deftroied, hee purchafed for 
her, Woodchefter, that therof fhee might live, fo longe as fhee made her abode at 
Berkeley. 1 

Thus Mape. 

Howbeit, fuch feemes to have byn the ftruglinge, at leaft of the charter Nunnes, 
if not of the wantons alfo, that fome of them held a kinde of footinge there till the 
end of kinge Stephen's raigne, Anno. 1 1 54 ; for in the great roll of the pipe, in an 

accompt 
1 See Ante, " Lives of the Berkeleys," Vol. II., p. 26. 
B 2 



^unorcb of 25crfericp 

accompt made for the laft yeare of that kinge, in the firft of his fucceffor, kinge 
Henry the fecond, William Berkeley of Durefly had an allowance of three pounds, 
by him laid out for the garments of three Nunnes heere : which as it is the firft 
accompt that at this day remaines in any of the kings Courts vnconfumed by time, 
foe it is the laft wherin any memoriall is of thefe Nunnes. 

Parkes. fioc Hundred in this county of Glouc, nor fcarce in this kingdome, hath in foe 

fmall a tract of ground beene better ftored with deere, both redd and fallowe, Till 
hufbandry of late daies turned many of thofe parkes and chafes into better profitt ; 
ffor in this hundred were the parkes called the Worthy, or Caftle parke of Berkeley, 
4 Whitcliffe parke, Newparke, Oakley parke, Shepnafh parke, Hawe- Parke | by 
Wotton, Beverfton parke, Hill parke, Owfelworth parke, Almondefbury parke, 
Cromhall parke, Ewley parke, with fome others, as after appeareth in this defcrip- 
tion ; And the Chafes of Michaelwood and Redwood. 

Scite. Geographers meafure the pofition or fcite of Berkeley towne, (the hart of this 

hundred,) by the longitude of twenty degrees and 25 . fcruples, and by the latitude 
of fifty two degrees and 5 fcruples, or very neere therto. 

And this hundred feemes foe evenly devided, by one part therof ftandinge 
high in the wolds, and the other in the vale at the foote of thofe hills, That it is not 
eafily difcerned whether of the two is the greater part : By reafon of which fcitua- 
tion, many hundreds, even thoufands, of fprings breake forth at the fydes, knees, 
and feete of thofe hills, begettinge divers delicate fmall Rivers, neither knowinge 
want of water in fouler, nor fo increafinge their chanell in winter, that the trade of 
clothinge which heere aboundeth, is neither in drought not wett wether hindred : 
A principall caufe of the multitude of Tuckmills, and fullinge mills, which heere 
abound. 

Soile. The Soile is for moft part bountefull ; ritch in pafture and meadow, fruitfull in 

procreation of divers and different kindes of trees, (whereof I have numbred many 
hundreds,) every where delighting the beholders with their beautifull verdancy. 
And that which hath of old beene written feemes true, that the eafy and free in- 
creafe of fruit doth nourifh floth in the comon people. The lowe and fat grounds 
doe yeild fuch abundance of pafture for kyne and oxen, as fufficeth the greedines 
of thofe beafts, and covetoufnes of their owners : And in the hilly part where the 
ground is dryer and the graffe fhorter, it feedeth innumerable numbers of fheepe, 
excufinge the barrennes of the foile with a large profit drawne from them. 

For 



General 2De£m|ition 

For the State and eminency of the yeomanry, this hundred is allowed the Precedence, 
preheminence before any of the other thirty hundreds of the County : challenginge 
this further prerogative by ancient vfage, to bee firft ranked in all Subfidy rolls, 
Mufter Rolls, and the like : And to bee firft called and difpatched in the generall 
affemblies of the county : which my felfe hath knowne the high Baily and high 
Coneftables of this hundred to have publikely challenged, and contefted for, as an 
honorable right and preheminence, derived to them from ages paft ; which hath 
accordingly bene allowed to them. 



In the Collection of the ffifteenthes and tenthes, this hundred in the kings 
Courts is charged at — 1 35 1 '.* 16? n d ., wherout for decaied villages is deducted — 
26 K ." 18* 10^ ob. q, : And then remaines payable into the kings Exchequer — 
ioS 1 !' 17* 11* q,. befides 20' paid by 5 fubtaxors. Whence note, that this payment 
which comonly at this day wee call the ffifteene, was anciently and truly named the 
Tenth and ffifteene : The Tenth for fo much therof, as was | paid out of Cities 
and Burrowes, in the name of the Tenth of their goods and moveables : And 
fifteene, for the refidue therof, which was originally and properly due out of the 
vplandifh and country townes or villages, as a fifteenth part of their goods or 
moveables ; Of the wholl fome of which ffifteenth and Tenth, there was Six 
thoufand pounds abated in the time of kinge Henry the fixt, by parliament, in 
refpecl of the poverty of fundry decaied cities and townes in every part of the 
Realme. 



Fifteenes. 



Within this hundred, the lord therof hath by divers grants and Confirmacons Liberties, 
from kinge Henry the fecond and his fucceffors kings of this Realme, The Liberty 
of fervinge all writts and proceffe with returne therof, by their owne baylies : A 
viewe of franke pledge and what foever therto belongeth : All felons goods of what 
kind foever, whether felons of them felves, or otherwife: All wayved goods, Eftreyes, 
Trefure trove, Deodands, yeare, day, and waft, Eftrepements^The goods of fugitives 
and of convict, attainted, outlawed, and waived perfons, before what Judge foever 
or in what court foever fuch goods fhall come to 'bee forfeited : And all iffues and 
amerciaments loft or forfeited by any perfons within the faid hundred : And all 
whale fifhes, Sturgeons, and all other great and royall fifhes, in whatfoever free fifh- 
ings of other men within the faid hundred in the Ryver of Severne : And free 
warren in all his demefne lands, and in all other places where his Anceftors have 

vfed 

1 Spoil made in lands and woods by a tenant for life to the damage of him in reverfion. See Ante, "Lives 
of the Berkeleys," Vol. II., p. 435 n. [Ed.] 



6 i!)unbreb of 25crhricp 

vfed to have free warren, within the faid hundred, with whatfoever to free warren 
appertaineth : And alfo a Court of pleas for triall of all actions, bee they of debt, 
trefpas, trover, Detinue, affault, battery, of the cafe, or other, where the dett or 
damage is accompted vnder forty fhillings, holden each Munday three weekes at 
Berkeley: And alfo the grantinge of Replevins, for all diftreffes taken or impounded 
within the faid hundred, with the awardinge of proces of Returno habendo, Second 
deliverance, Capias in withernam, 1 and whatfoever to fuch accons of Replegiare 
appertaineth : And the makinge of proceffe of Subpena ad teftificandum, betweene 
party and party in each of the faid actions ; with divers other liberties fpecified in 
my three volumes of the hiftory of this Berkeleian family : And to conclude ; In 
Berkeley Caftle is a Deed in 5. E. 2. wherby Phillip Coby granted to Thomas then 
lord Berkeley, two acres of land in Alkington (a manor in the parifh of Berkeley,) 
quas recuperaffet per breve dni Regis de recto, in hundredo de Berkeley. 

Nomina villarum. Cl)C booke in the Exchequer called Nomina villarum compiled in the nynth 

yeare of kinge Edward the fecond, Anno. 1315, declareth that in this County of 
Glouc, are thirty hundreds, (naminge them,) one wherof is this hundred of Berkeley, 
wherof Thomas lord Berkeley the elder, is owner : And that in this hundred are 
two Burrowe townes, viz!, Berkeley, wherof Thomas lord Berkeley is lord ; And 
Durfley, whereof John the fonne of William de Berkeley, is lord ; And the village 
of Newenton, whereof the faid John Berkeley is lord; The Villages of Hame, Came, 
5 and Wotton, whereof the faid | Thomas de Berkeley the elder, is lord : The Villages 
of Kingfwefton and Beverfton, wherof Thomas ap Adam is lord : The village of 
Hull wherof John fit.3 Nicholl is lord : The villages of Almondefbury and Afliel- 
worth, wherof the Abbot of S'. Auguftine's by Briftoll is lord. Thus the booke. 



Fifteene peny 
booke 



Ct)C booke called the Fifteene peny booke compiled in the third yeare of kinge 
Henry the ffifth, Anno. 141 5, declareth that in this hundred of Berkeley are theis 
villages, vz'; Hame — 9". is^ 1 ? Wotton forinceca — i3 M ' 13- 4 d , Wotton narincita — 
4 1 !- ob., Hull and Nyndesfeild — 8". 7* 2 d q^. Cromhale — 3'!- 10? 5 1 ! ob. q^. Came — 
ii'io^n^ Covely. 5 1 '/ 14* 6 d Newinton Bagpath, Owfelworth — 4^ 2'. Vley and 
Wodemancote — 3'!- 14? 7 d Durfley — 6'i- 15 5 5 d Beverfton — 5": 2* <f. Kingefcote 
and Oulepenne. — 4'!- 2 d . ob. Kingefwefton and Ailberton. io H 13" 4 d ob. q^. Horfeild 



and ffilton- 
Slimbrugg.- 
booke. 



-3'!- 10! 6*! q>. Almondefbury . 3 1 '/ 2" Erlingham — 9'!- Afhelworth — 4 1 '.' 
-1 1 1 !- 8* 5 d . ob. q,. Berkeley— 3 n ' 1 1! 8 d q v Sufii.— 132 1 ! i d . Thus the 



311 <©uo 



1 Explained Ante, "Lives of the Berkeleys," Vol. II., p. 344 n. [Ed.] 



General ^Description 7 

511 <©UO toarrailtO in the Receipt of the Exchequer Court brought by kinge JJJJ^Jjjt i. 
Edward the firft, in the fifteenth yeare of his raigne againft Thomas lord Berkeley, Rot 12. in recept 
layeth downe the names of Villages and Townfhips within this hundred, and the * 
liberties of the lord therof in the fame, more perticulerly then the former bookes ; 
As that the faid lord Berkeley had free warren in the Townes of Berkeley, Hame, 
Clapton, Bevington, Pedington, Stone, Swanhunger, Wanefwell, Egeton, Alkington, 
Newport, Woodford, Swanley, Wike, Hineton, Rockhampton, Came, Hurft, 
Kingefton, Gofington, Stintefcombe, Stancombe, Cleyhunger, Mattefdon, Cowley, 
Hulmancote, Slimbridge, Wotton, Simondfale, Combe, Wortley, Bradley, Nybley, 
and Bircheley : Denyinge that the townfhips of Beverfton, Ailberton, Kingfwefton, 
Hill, Nymesfeild, Horfeild, ffilton, Almondefbury, Cromhall, Afhelworth, Durfeley, 
Vley, Kingfcote, Oulpen, Newenton, Owfelworth, Huntingford and Erlingham, 
though all of them within the hundred of Berkeley, yet in none of them hee 
claimeth to have free warren at all. 

Which excellent record, (a little inlarged with thefe other here marginald,) doth 
give vs further to knowe, That that ancient family of the Berkeleis of Durfeley 
fhortly after William the Conquerors daies, (if not in his time,) rented the whole 
manor of Berkeley, wherto this hundred is appendant, of the Crowne, at the yearly 
farme rent of — 500':- etc. vntill kinge Henry the fecond in the firft of his raigne, 
granted the fame, with all the herneffe, that is with all the nookes and corners 
therof, to Robert the fonne of Hardinge, Or rather, vntill the attonement made at 
Briftoll by that kinge, (then but Duke of Normandy,) and kinge Stephen; betweene 
the faid Robert, and Roger Berkeley then lord of Durfeley, not fully two yeares 
before : whereby the faid Roger releafed to the faid Robert and his heires, All his 
claime and intereft in the faid Manor and hundred of Berkeley, as more largely I 
have written in my hiftory | of this Berkeleian family, in the life of the faid Robert, « 
called Robert the firft : And as followeth fol : 325. 

jfrom this Robert the fonne of Harding, the firft lord Berkeley who died in Berkeley 
17. H. 2. this manor and hundred difcended and came to the lord Maurice his fonne Pedigree 
and heire, who dyed in 1. R. 1. And from him to the lord Robert his fonne and 
heire ; And from him, (dyinge without iffue in 4. H. 3.,) to the lord Thomas his 
brother and heire, who dyed in 28. H. 3. And from him to the lord Maurice his 
fonne and heire, who dyed in 8. E. 1. and from him to the lord Thomas his fonne 
and heire, (which is hee that is mentioned in the forefaid Quo warranto, And in 
the faid booke, called Nomina villarum,) who dyed in 14. E. 2. And from him to 

the 



s J^unbreo of SBetfttfcp 

the lord Maurice his fonne and heire, who dyed in 20. E. 2. and from him to the 
lord Thomas his fonne and heire, who augmented his liberties in this hundred 
of Berkeley by a grant from kinge Edward the third in the fourth of his raigne, 
and after, in the xxiij'. h of that kinge, entailed the fame vpon the heires males of his 
body, and dyed in 35. E. 3. And from him to the lord Maurice his fonne and heire, 
who dyed in 42. E. 3. and from him to the lord Thomas his fonne and heire, who 
dyed without iffue male in 5. H. 5. And from him to the lord James his nephewe 
and heire male, fonne of Sir James, brother of him the faid lord Thomas, who dyed 
in 6. H. 4. and from the faid lord James who dyed in 3. E. 4. to the lord William 
his fonne and heire, who was firft created Vifcont Berkeley, afterwards Earle of 
Nottingham, and afterwards Marqueffe Berkeley, with the offices of Earle Marfhall 
and great Marfhall of England, who in the fourth yeare of kinge Henry the feaventh 
conveyed (inter alia) this Manor and hundred of Berkeley for defalt of iffue of his 
owne body, to that kinge and the heires males of his body, and for default of fuch 
heires males, to remaine to the right heires of him the faid Marques Berkeley : 
wherby, from the xiiij 01 day of ffebruary in the vij th yeare of that kings raigne 
Anno. 1 49 1. when the faid Marques dyed, till the death of kinge Edward the fixth, 
(the fpace of 61 .yeares, 4.monthes and 20.daies,) the fame remained in the Crowne, 
And then reverted to Henry lord Berkeley, as right heire of the faid Marques 
Berkeley : viz!, fonne and heire of Thomas lord Berkeley, who dyed in 26. H. 8. 
fonne and heire of Thomas lord Berkeley, who dyed in 24. H. 8. brother and heire 
of Maurice lord Berkeley, who dyed without iffue in 15. H. 8. fonnes of Maurice 
lord Berkeley who dyed in 22. H. 7. brother and heire of the faid William Marques 
Berkeley; And from the faid lord Henry Berkeley who dyed in 11. Jacobi, to 
George nowe lord Berkeley, fonne of Sir Thomas Berkeley, who dyed in 9. Jac : 
fonne and heire apparant, whileft hee lived, of the faid lord Henry ; which lord 
George in the xiiij'! 1 yeare of the raigne of kinge James, much repayred the defects, 
and inlarged his liberties in this manor and hundred of Berkeley by a new grant 
8 obtained from that kinge, more to bee prifed then all the former. Theis for | the 
fpace of one thoufand one hundred and fifty yeares, or neere thereabout have beene 
the flittings and removes of this Manor and hundred of Berkeley, and fuch the 
owners as aforefaid. See this pedegree alfo, fol : yy. 78. 

Domefday booke. Cf)C booke called Domefday, remaininge in the receipt of the Exchequer at 

Weftminfter compiled in the xiiij'! 1 yeare of the raigne of William the Conqueror, 
hath of this Manor and hundred of Berkeley theis words, thus englifhed : Hae 
Berew, &c. Theis villages appertaine to Berkeley; In Hill are 4 . hides ; In 

Almintune 



General SDc^rription 9 

Almintune 4. hides ; In Hinetune 4. hides; In Came 6. hides, and 11 . other hides; 
In Gofintune 4 . hides ; In Derfilege 3 . hides ; In Covelege 4 . hides ; In Euuelege 
2 . hides ; In Nimdesfelle 3 . hides ; In Vittune, 15. hides; In Simondefhall half 
an hide; In Chingefcote 4. hides ; In Beureftane 10. hides ; In Ofieuuorde halfe an 
hide ; An Almondefberie 2. hides ; In Horefelle 8 . hides ; In Weftune 7. hides and 
one yard land ; In Eldbertone 5 . hides ; In Cromale 2 . hides ; In Erlingehame 9 . 
hides ; In Efceleuuorde 3. hides. Denotinge vnto vs, That the Demefne lands of the 
Conqueror were fuch in each of thofe townfhips ; And concludes Haec fupradicta 
membra omnia pertinent ad Berchelai ; All theis Villages are members belonginge 
to Berkeley. 

At a generall Mufter of all the able men for the warre taken by Henry Lord Able men. 
Berkeley for the County of Glouc by fpeciall direction from kinge James in the fixt 
yeare of his raigne, hee then lord Leiutenant of the Shiere ; there appeared before 
him — 2064 able men fitt for martiall fervice, then dwellinge in this hundred, whofe 
names with their feverall ages and ftatures, were (with all the refidue of the County) 
written in three bookes in folio, the labor of my felfe and of William Archer my 
Clarke, which now remaine in Berkeley Caftle ; befides many that made default in 
this hundred and appeared not. 1 

Of Trained foldiers this yeare 1639, vnder their three Captaines, Edward Trained foldiers. 
Stephens, Thomas Veel and William Thorpe, Efq^f, are men well difciplined ; And 
18 . light horfe, parcell of 50. vnder the comaund of Sir Gabriell Loe knight, wherof 
one with the furniture is charged vpon my felfe. 

3|ll the laft Subfedy affeffed before Sir Robert Pointz and my felfe, Comiffioners, Subfedy men. 
in the ffifth yeare of king Charles, were — 404 . fubfedy men in this hundred, who 
then paid the kinge — 164'!- 

Cotoartysi the Purveyance, or provifion for the kings houfhold, this County of Purveiance and 
Glouc paies by compofition— 440" in money ; Therof the Divifion of Berkeley ot er P a y menls 
(accompted a fourth part of the Shire) paieth — no 11 .- And this hundred (accompted 
a third part of that Divifion) paies — 33 1 '. 3 s And this hundred for the releife of the 
prifoners in the kingefbench and Marfhalfey, paies yearly | 9".- 6! 4? And for releife g 
of the poore | prifoners in the Gaole of Glouc, by the yeare — 7"/ 16? 8 d And to the 
Muftermafter for his wages for this hundred yearly — 4* 9 s And to the Treaforer 

towards 
1 This Book is now at Condover Hall, Co. Salop. [Ed.] 

C VOL. Ill 



IO 



^unorcD of SSctftdep 



Spirituall 
promotions. 



Sports. 



towards the pentions of maymed fouldyers, cafuall fires, and the like, yearly out of 
this Hundred— i f: 6? 8? 

Cf)C Rectories, Parfonages, Vicarages, and other fpirituall promotions togeather 
with the Impropriations within this hundred, doe appeare perticulerly in my feverall 
defcription of each townfhip, with the Deanery called of Durfeley. 

'CJjC large and levell playnes of Slimbridge warth and others in the vale of this 
hundred : And the downes or hilly playnes of Stintefcombe, Weftridge, Tickruyd- 
inge, and others in the hilly or Cottefwold part, doe witnes the inbred delight, that 
both gentry, yeomanry, rafcallity, boyes and children, doe take in a game called 
Stoball, The play whereat each child of I2.yeares old, can (I fuppofe) afwell 
defcribe, as my felfe : And not a fonne of mine, but at 7 . was furnifhed with his 
double ftoball ftaves, and a gamfter therafter. 



Marches of Wales Qty vvholl County lyeth vnder the goverment of the Comiffion for the Marches 

of Wales, as beinge within the fame : Howbeit, thefe Records, which in my fearches 
in the kings Courts, I have curfarily obferved, will evince, that neither this hundred 
of Berkeley, nor any part of this County, are within the Marches of Wales : viz'; 
The parliament roll. — 16. R. 2. number. 34. The pliam' roll. 13. H. 4. number 3. 
And the pliament roll. 20. H. 6. And the pliament roll — 27. H. 6. membrana. 10. 
with fome others. 

The 3. ftepps. I n the body of this hundred are obferved three fteps or degrees, obvious to 

every obferver : The firft from the chanell of Severne halfe way towards the hills, 
which hath wealth without health. The fecond, from thence neere towards the 
tops of thofe hills, which hath wealth and health : And the third fteppe or degree, 
from thence forward, called the weald or Cotfall part, affordeth health in that fharpe 
aire, but leffe wealth, And feemes to take name of the barren wooddy parts : Into 
the belt wherof, the mercifull goodnes of almighty God hath cafl my lott, beyond 
my hopes or defires. | 



10 

Court of pleas, 

or, three weekes 

Court. 



At the Yeald hall or Both hall in Berkeley Towne is holden each Munday 
three weekes throughout the yeare, a Court of Pleas, for tryall of accons betweene 
party and party, fuch as formerly are mentioned : vnles (which feldome happeneth) 
the fame bee adiourned for fix weekes or more, at the difcretion of the Steward 
and freefutors, vpon reafonable caufe by them approved of : wherat theis cuftomes 

and 



General SDcjafcription 

and proceedings have of mine owne knowledge byn vfed 46 . yeares, (my felfe fo 
longe havinge byn Steward there:) And, as I confidently beleive, time out of 
minde, before . viz' 

1. The Court holdeth not plea, were the dett, damage, or foiiie in demaund, is, or 

is alleadged to bee, of the value of — 40? or above. 

2. The proceffe in the faid Court, is made forth by the Steward, by foinons, Attach- 

ment, and Diftringas, accordinge to the courfe of the cofnon lawe. 

3. The high bayly of the hundred, and not the Steward, granteth ttcplcliinsf, for 

the delivery of any goods or Chattells repleviable, impounded in any place 
within the hundred : But proceffe of HctontO {jaOciltlO, and of Second deliver- 
ance, and of Capiat in toirtjcrttam are made by the Steward of the Court. 

4. No perfon is admitted to bee an Atturney either for ph. or defend' vnles fuch 

pfon fhew forth a warrant in writinge vnder the feale of the faid ptt. or def 
to fuch effect : But the ptt. or def beinge pYent in court, may appoint his 
Atturney by word only, fo it bee entred accordingly by the Steward. 

5. If an executor or adminiftrator bee ptt. in any action, and the fame paffe for the 

def, yet hee hath noe cofts of fuite vnles it evidently appeare to the Court 
That the fute was comenced for vexation only. The like is vfed if the exe- 
cutors executor, or the adminiftrators adminiftrator bee p!'. 

6. If any inhabitant within the hundred bee fuppofed to bee fugitive, that is, likely 

to be removed out of the hundred before the next Court, againft whom 
another hath caufe of action : Vpon fuch Action entred in the Stewards booke, 
either fedente Curia or out of the fame, the Steward vfeth to grant an 
Attachment, called an Attachm' fugitive, authorifinge therby the Baily of the 
hundred to attach fuch goods of the party as hee can finde within the hundred, 
and the fame to put in fafety to anfwere the dett or damage, if the accon 
vpon triall paffe againft him that is fuppofed fugitive. 

7. The like attachm' is vfed to bee granted, if any perfon dwellinge without the 

hundred havinge goods within the hundred, againft whome another hath caufe 
of accon, and entred as abovefaid. And the like alfo is vfed if both parties 

dwell 
c 2 



^unbrcfc of 25crftricp 

dwell out of the hundred, the def! having goods within the hundred, to attach 
fuch goods, therby to drawe the def! to anfwere ; which goods foe in theis 
and the former cafes attached, are liable to fatisfy the ptt. if hee recover 
againft the def' ; Howbeit, the ptt. putteth in pledges dwellinge within the 
hundred of fufficiency to fatisfy the def' his cofts and damages if the fute 
paffe againft the ptt. vpon triall. | 

ii 8. If vpon entry of any action (except in Replevins) the def' after fomons appeareth 
not, hee is for fuch his defalt, at the firft court amerced iij d . — ffor his fecond 
default at the next court vj d . — ffor his -default at the third court ix d . — ffor his 
default at the fourth court xij d . — And fo for every default at every court day 
after xij d . — vntill fuch def' doe appeare ; But the ptt. at the fecond court may, 
if hee will, fue forth an Attachment, And at the third court a Diftringas ; 
And if the def'. s goods bee thervpon attached or diftreyned, and hee vpon 
returne of the proceffe, appeare not, fuch goods are forfeited to the lord of 
the liberty. 

9. The cuftome of the Court is, to allowe the ordinary cofts of fute expended in 

court, either by p 1 .' or def' without diminucbn, vnles the p 1 ! fue as executor or 
adminiftrator, and then, as is aforefaid : But for cofts and charges fufteyned 
either by p'! or def in diet, loffe of worke, neglect of bufines at home, or in 
wages or diet given to Witneffes produced by either party, therin the court 
vfeth liberty and difcretion, accordinge to the circumftances of the perfons, 
quality of the fute, and diftance of place. 

10. If any def' bee awarded to wage his lawe, with one or more hands, and either 

offereth foe to doe, or elfe doth himfelfe accordingly performe his lawe, but 
one or more of his hands refufe : In fuch cafe, the Court vfeth to give 
Judgem! againft fuch def for that hee performed not the wholl rule and order 
of the Court. 

1 1. Where the ptt. declareth in Trefpas, or the like, and the def! pleades not guilty, 

the ptt. is alwaies enioyned to prove his trefpas, and damages at the next 
court by Witneffes produced before the freefutors (which are called benchers,) 
who vpon hearinge of the evidence affeffe damages accordinge to their dif- 
cretions : ffor there is not nor ever hath byn in any age, as moft ancient 
Court rolls doe witneffe, any trialls by Jury in the faid Court, vpon any plaint 

or action 



General ascription 13 

or action whatfoever ; The freefutors, (more then 400,) and feldome or never 
leffe then 20 at each Court, (comonly many more,) fupplyinge the tryall by 
Jury, fittinge vpon their oathes of fealty, firft once taken when their firft 
fervice is done, with more vnderftandinge then coiiion Jurors can doe. 

12. Vpon each accon entred (other then in Replevyns) is paid iij d , — termed pro 

licentia concordandi; And in Replevins, xij d , — to the lord of the liberty, which 
is thus paid : If the action bee agreed out of Court, then it is paid by the 
def' : if tryed in Court, then if it paffe againft the def', hee alfo paies it, If it 
paffe againft the ph., then hee payeth it pro falfo clamore : Or, if the p 1 ' with- 
drawe his accon after entry hee payeth it, and fo if hee become nonfuite : 
But in Replevins, if the fute bee agreed out of Court, then the xij^ is paid by 
the pit., becaufe the Court intends That the def' would not have impounded 
without iuft caufe. 

13. Noe def' may bee effoined of his lawe, prefent or not prefent in Court, at the 

day when hee is to doe the fame. 

14. If vpon returne of a Replevin, the ph. therin appeare not nor declare, The 

def' fhall vpon his apparance and praier, have returne of the cattell or goods 
formerly replevied, by a flctOtllO liahruDo from the Steward directed to the 
Baily ; And the def' to goe without further day, and the p 1 ' to bee amerced 
xij d for his defalt of not appearinge. But if the pit. appeare and declare, and 
the def! make defalt, the def' fhall at every Court bee | amerced xij d — vntill 12 
his apparance, and avowry to bee made ; and in that fort the action to re- 
maine : But the ph. may notwithftandinge (if hee will) fue forth afterwards 
from the Steward a Replevyn of fecond deliverance, And the caufe to proceed 
therevpon by Declaracon and avowry as aforefaid. 

15. If vpon callinge of any action in Court, neither p 1 ' nor def' themfelves or their 

Atturnies, doe appeare, the Court vfeth for that day only to continue the 
accon till the next court in the fame eftate it ftandeth, without preiudice to 
either party : But if at the Court next followinge neither party by themfelves 
or their Atturnies doe appeare, but make like default as before, Then the 
accon is wholly difcontinued ; The Court intending that the double negligence 
of both parties implieth that the action is agreed ; And therefore the Court 
is neither willinge to give Judgement for either party when none praieth it ; 

nor 



i 4 i^unorcb of 23crhricp 

nor by holdinge the caufe in Court to amerce the faid parties to the benefit of 
the lord, when they are perfwaded the fame is compounded ; and that the 
negligence of fome one put in truft to have fignified the agreement of the 
parties, is the caufe that notice was not given accordingly. 

1 6. The Steward hath vfed time out of minde to award proces in the nature of a 
Subpena ad teftificandum, either for p'i or def'. s witneffes dwellinge within the 
hundred to teftify in the matter of queftion ; who, if they appeare not, hav- 
inge had their competent charges tendred vpon an accbn brought againft fuch 
witnes, recovery in damages fhall bee had, to the value of what the pit. or 
def' was damnified for want of fuch teftimony. | 

13 The ffees of the Steward and other minifters belonginge to the faid 

Stewards fees hundred Court, or three weekes Court of pleas, time out of minde 

have beene, as followeth, And none other, viz' : 

5p0t the entry of any ac~tion (other then Replevyns) and againft fugitive 

perfons ------------ ij? 

ffor entry of a plaint in a Replevin, or againft a perfon fuppofed to bee 

fugitive ------------ iiij? 

ffor entry of every effoigne - j* 

ffor an Attachment (other then againft the goods of perfons fuppofed fugitive iiij d 

ffor an Attachment againft a perfon fugitive ------ xij? 

ffor every Diftringas for apparance -------- iiij < ! 

ffor the drawinge and entry of every declaracon ----- iiij? 

ffor the entry of every Imparlance other then in Replevins ... j? 

ffor the entry of an Imparlance in a Replevin ------ iiij? 

ffor the drawinge and entry of the anfwere or plea to every declaracon - ij d 
ffor the drawinge and entry of every Replicacon and Reioynder other then 

in Replevins ----------- ij d 

ffor the drawinge and entry of every plea in barre of the avowry, and for 

every replicacon to the faid barre in a Replevin ----- iiij d 

ffor entringe of every Judgment -------- iiij? 

ffor every proceffe of Execucon -------- iiij? 

ffor entry of the continuance of any adtion ------ j d 

ffor the entry of every warrant of atturney other then in replevins - - j d 

ffor the entry of every warrant of Atturney in Replevins ... - iiij? 

ffor 



General &E*0cri|)tion 



'5 



ffor the allowinge and certifyinge of any plaint to bee removed by Recordare, 

or Accedas ad Curiam 

ffor miniftringe oath in a wager of lawe, for the defendant and his hands - 

ffor miniftringe oath to every deponent for evidence in triall of any Accon - 

ffor the awardinge and makinge of a Retorno habendo - 

ffor the awardinge and makinge of a Second deliverance - 

Vpon returne of every Replevin into the Court, after the goods or chattells 

have by force therof beene delivered ------- 

ffor every proceffe of Subpena for Witneffes to teftify betweene party and 

party, for every name ----_--_„ 

ffor allowinge and certifyinge of every Writt wherein falfe iudgement is 

fuppofed to bee given --------- 

ffor allowance and executinge of every writt de execucone iudicij iffueinge 

out of any the Courts at Weftminfter ------ 

ffor allowance of any warrant out of the county court, vpon a writt of 

Jufticies, 1 to attach any inhabitant within this hundred by his goods and 

chattells for his apparance therat ------- 



iy. vj d . 



xij d 

xij d 



jfor fomoninge of every defend' to appeare at the firft court after the accon 
entred againft him ---------- 

ffor the fervinge or executinge of an Attachment - 

ffor the fervinge or executinge of a diftringas ------ 

ffor the delivery of an Execucon after Judgement - 

ffor the levyinge of any dett or damage, or cofts of fuite, recovered after 
Judgement, for every twelve pence foe recovered, one penny, called 
penny milling ----------- 

ffor the executinge of an Attachment vpon the goods of any perfon fuppofed 
to bee fugitive ----------- 

ffor executinge the warrant of the high Sheriffe vpon a Juftices, to caufe 
the def' dwellinge in this hundred to appeare at his county court 

ffor the makinge of a Replevin, and the obligacon for returne therof - 

Cf)C Coneftable, Tithingman or other officer of the townfhip for deliveringe 
of goods or Chattells by replevyn, there impounded - - - 



y° 

iiij d 
iiij d 



Xlj? 



X1 J° 



ij- vj? 



The fee 

1 This is a Writ directed to a Sheriff, in fpecial cafes, to enable him to hold a plea of debt in his 
County Court for a large fum, ordinarily it being limited to 40? It is called Jufticies becaufe it is a 
Commiffion to the Sheriff to do a man Juftice and Right, and begins with the word Jufticies. [Ed.] 



Bailies fees 



14 



Coneftable or 



jjjjd Tithingmans fees 



i6 



Jfjunorco of 25crftdcp 



Atturnies fees The fee of every Atturney retained for p 1 ! or def!, for the wholl caufe, prove 
it fhort or depend it longe --.-..-_ 



vj a 



15 

Cuflomes in 
Copyhold lands 



All which fees were collected into a table, in the xlj'! 1 yeare of the raigne of 
Queene Elizabeth, and hanged vp in the Court houfe by confent of the Steward, 
freefutors, and bayly, ffor the direction of every client, and futor ; A Court that 
doubtleffe doth determine at lead 30 . caufes each Court day in the yeare, if not 
more : As alfo were the faid Cuftomes in the proceedings in fuch actions, then fet 
downe, and generally agreed vpon, as formerly is expreffed. 

Cl)C names of all which ffreefutors, and for what lands, fuch fervice by fuite of 
Court, is by them feverally done, fhall hereafter perticulerly appeare, As I write 
of each townfhip in this hundred by it felfe, wherein fuch lands doe lye. 

And when, vpon difcent, or purchafe, any freeholder doth his firft fute to this 
Court, the Stewards entry, is thus. Ad hanc Curiam venit J. S. et fecit primam 
fectam, et folvit vinum. Which wine hee beftowes (claimed by ancient vfage) vpon 
his fellow benchers, And paieth alfo iiij d — to the cryer of the Court for the cufhion 
hee that day fitts vpon, brought him by the Cryer. 

Alfo I fhall expreffe the true tenure of each manor and freeholders land within 
this hundred, whether holden of the kinge or of a comon perfon, by knight fervice, 
or in foccage ; And what manors or lands have efcheated to kinge or fubiect ; And 
how the ftate and tenure of them ftandeth at this day, with other like perticulers. | 

Cf)C Cuftomary or Copihold lands yet remaininge to this ancient 
family of their Manor of Berkeley, (befides Indenture holds, Demefnes, 
parkes, and eflates at will,) in the derivative petty or Submanors of Hame, 
Alkington, Hinton, Hurft, Slimbridge, Sages, Came, Cowley, Canonbury, 
Wotton fforren, Wotton and Berkeley burrowe townes, members and 
parcells of the faid Manor of Berkeley, Are by the yeare, 394 1 -' 9 s - 4* — 
wherin are theis cuflomes followinge approved of betweene them and their 
Landlord ; And which alfo for 46 . yeares I have knowne in frequent vfe 
amongft themfelves. And to have beene at feverall Courts holden for the 
faid Manor of Berkeley prefented to bee the ancient cuflomes therin ; 
efpecially in July in 40 Eliz. Regina, by 92 . of the moft able cuftomary 
tenants therof, And fince by 104. in [?] 

1. 3Iroprimi0> 



Manorial €u£tomg 17 

1. ^ttiprimijBf, That eftates may bee granted of any Copihold meffuages or 
lands for three lives or vnder, And that the wife of every fuch copihold tenant 
dyinge feized and in poffeffion, fhall, after the deceafe of her hufband hold the fame 
fo longe as fhe fhall live chaft and vnmarried ; And that for fuch lands as are 
herietable, the beft quicke bead that the tenant hath at his death fhall bee paid the 
lord for an heriot : And if fuch tenant have noe quicke bead then the beft good 
which hee hath fhall bee paid for the heryott. 

2. %tCttl, That the lord of the manor for the time beinge, beinge feized of any 
eftate of Inheritance or freehold therof, may grant eftates in Revertion at his 
pleafure to any perfon or perfons, not exceedinge three lives, to begin after the 
expiracon of the former copy in beinge : And that the fame are good by the cuftome 
againft thofe that fhall have any eftate afterwards in the manor. 

3- 3ftcm, That if there bee any default of reparacons in any Mefs or houfes, 
or if any fpoile or waft bee done vpon the fame, That it ought to bee prefented by 
the homage at the next Court, And fuch tenant to bee amced for the fame from time 
to time till it bee repaired and amended : And that if any default of raparcon bee, 
and the fame not prefented by the homage, wherby the fame falleth into decay and 
becometh ruinous, That then the cuftomary tenants of that manor fhall repaire the 
fame at their owne cofts and charges : And that if any cuftomary tenant fell or cut 
downe any wood or timber, and by himfelfe or his executors carry it away or fell 
the fame from of the land, hee fhall therefore bee amced treble damages. 

4. %ttm t That all the Copiholders may take vpon the feverall Tenements at 
all feafonable times, houfboote, hedgeboote, ploughboote, and fireboote, without 
waft makinge ; And if any waft bee comitted, they fhall be amerced for the fame 
by the homage. 

5. 3Ittro> That any cuftomary or copihold tenant for 2 . or 3 . lives, beinge the 
firft taker, may furrender into the hands of the lord or of the Steward for the time 
beinge, Or otherwife fell his eftate ; And then the fecond life and third life fhall bee 
vtterly void vpon any fuch furrender ; or vpon | fuch fale beinge found a forfeiture ; 16 
Neither in fuch cafe availeth it whether the fecond or third life paid all or any part 

of the Lords fine, or not. 

6. 3(te m > That any Copiholder holdinge in his owne right may by his tre of 
Attorney, vnder his hand and feale, and delivered as his Deed, furrender and 

deliver 

D VOL. Ill 



1 8 ^utiDrco of 23nrhclcp 

deliver vp into the hands of the lord by the hands of the Steward for the time 
beinge, All or any part of fuch lands or Tenemf as hee foe holdeth, And the fame 
furrender to bee as good to all intents and purpofes as though fuch furrender had 
byn made by the cuftomary tenant in perfon in open court there perfonally prefent. 

7. %tCftl, the cuftome is, That if any man take of the lord by copy of Court 
roll any lands or tenements for terme of three lives or vnder in manix followinge, 
That is, To him felfe, A. his wife, and B. his childe, or to any other perfon, (hee 
beinge then maryed to his wife,) In this cafe the wife fhall have but her widowes 
eftate, and not her life, after her hufbands deceafe, though fhee bee named in the 
Copy by her Chriftian name : But if fhee bee named in fuch copy before her 
hufband, That then fhee fhall have the fame for her life, though fhee doe marry 
afterwards. 

8. ^fttCXtl, If any cuftomary tenant dye after the ffeaft of S.' Michaell and Arch- 
angell, It fhall bee lawfull for his executor or adminiftrator to hold all fuch meffuages 
and lands which hee held, vntill the feaft of the Anunciacon of our lady then next 
followinge, and then the next life or taker to take it, payinge for the feed and one 
earth, if any of the land bee fowen or plowed ; But the fame next life or taker may 
before the faid Anunciacon fallowe the arrable land for barly, and fowe beanes and 
peafe : And the faid executor or adminiftrator fhall pay the lords rent for the whole 
halfe yeare then endinge. 

9- 3ftf m > ^ an y Cuftomary tenant dye after the feaft of the Anunciacon of our 
lady, It fhall bee lawfull for his executor or adminiftrator to hold fuch meffuages 
and lands which hee held vntill Michaelmas day then next followinge, The fame 
executor or adminiftrator permittinge the next life or taker to enter, and take to 
the meadowe and fallowe ; And the fame to occupy to his owne vfe accordinge 
to his eftate then in beinge ; And the faid executor or adminiftrator to pay the 
lords rent for the wholl halfe yeare then endinge : And that (by the cuftome) is to 
bee reputed for meadowe, that hath moft vfually byn mowed for fifty yeares then 
laft paft : But if vpon fuch tenants death the fame doe fall in hand to the lord, 
Then noe executor or adminiftrator is to hold the fame at all, but the lord prefently 
to enter. 

10. ^JltClTI, If the firft life or name named in the copy fhall or doe fell his or 
her eftate, by word or writinge, without licence of the lord or his Steward, hee 

or fhee 



Manorial Cugtomg 19 

or fhee fhall forfeit his or her eftate, and all the reft of the eftates mentioned in the 
faid copy, vnles it bee a woman vnder Covt baron : But noe other life named in 
the copy fhall forfeit thereby, but his owne eftate only. 

ii. Stem, If any perfon havinge a Revertion copy for two or three lives, doe 
fell or grant over the fame to any perfon by paroll or writinge without licence, If 
fuch perfon were the firft life named in fuch revertion copy, comonly called the 
taker, The fame, by the cuftome is a forfeiture of the reft of the lives named in fuch 
copy, | And alfo of their wives widowes eftates. x 7 

12. 3ftcm, By the cuftome of the Manor, any Copiholder may by word or 
writinge let his copihold lands for three yeares, foe that the fame bee one day in 
each yeare aclually in his hands and occupacon, And duringe fuch time may dwell 
from of the fame ; But to let of fet the fame in any other fort, without licence, is a 
forfeiture of his eftate. 

1 3. 3(ttro> The cuftome is. That if any cuftomary tenant dye, and heriot bee 
paid after his death : And if before entry or admittance of the next life that by the 
copy is to hold the fame, the faid next life alfo deceafe ; That heriot notwithftand- 
inge fhall bee paid, And that the widowe of fuch Tenant foe dead before entry or 
admittance fhall have her widowes eftate, and heriot to bee paid, if fhee alfo fhould 
deceafe before admittance. 

14. StCtH, the cuftome is, That if any copiholder dye feifed of any copihold 
lands or tenemf, the next life which by the copy is to have the fame, beinge within 
one and twenty yeares and vnmaryed, That the lord by his Steward fhall comit the 
cuftody of the body and of fuch Cuftomary lands, vntill the infant (male or female) 
come to the age of 21 . yeares, at fuch rate as in the difcretion of the Steward, to 
the infants vfe, fhall feeme fittinge : And fuch comittee not to bee further anfwer- 
able to the infant, then the Rent and conditions agreed vpon, in open court. 

15. %tZVh, the Cuftome is, That if a Cowe happen to bee an heriot, which hath 
a calfe : Or a mare that hath a fole, or an ewe that hath a lambe, or a Sowe that 
hath pigs, That fuch younge fhall goe with the dam for heriot, and bee as parcell 
of her, fo longe as they are vnweaned, and vnfevered from the dam. 

16. 3fam, the cuftome is, That if any cuftomary tenant dye feized of any 

cuftomary lands which fuffice for the breedinge of an horfe beaft or Rother 1 beaft, 

havinge 
1 Horned Cattle. [Ed.] 
D 2 



J^unDrcb of 25crfericp 

havinge noe fuch beaft of his owne at the time of his death, That either the beft 
beaft of his vndertenant occupyinge the land, or the value of fuch an heriott out of 
the tenants eftate, or from the next in Remainder, as the cafe requireth, fhall bee paid 
for an heriott. Then which noe one point of cuftome hath more often happened. 

1 7. *"$ttttl the cuftome is, That if vpon the death of any cuftomary tenant in 
poffeffion, Clayme bee not made by the next in Remainder or Revertion, or by the 
widowe for her free bench or widowes eftate, within three generall courts next 
followinge, fuch party after proclamacons made at fuch courts is barred by the 
cuftome ; vnleffe fuch party bee an Infant, ffeme covt, in prifon, of non-fane-memory, 
or beyond feas in the kings fervice. 

18. 3[tCITJ, the Cuftome is, That if any man lyinge vpon his death bed, or in 
time of extreame ficknes, when death followeth, where true ends of holy wedlocke, 
cahot bee intended to bee, fhall take a wife, and dye, That fuch widowe wife or 
woman fhall have noe freebench or widowes eftate ; As prefumed alfo not to ftand 
with the firft inftitution of the cuftome, with the ordinance of God or honour of 
religion. 

19. ^ftCIll, The cuftome is, That a Leafe for yeares made by any cuftomary 
tenant by licence, refervinge a rent, is good againft his widowe duringe the terme, 
and fhee only to have the rent ; ffor, if fuch cuftomary tenant may by licence of the 
lord furrender, and fo altogeather barre his widowe, which is the greater : hee may 
by like licence of the lord make fuch a leafe, which to doe is leffer then to furrender 
away his whole eftate altogeather: Neither can the wife by the death of her hufband, 
have from him a greater intereft then what was in him at the time of his death, 

18 w ch was the rent referved ;|and the poffibillity of furvivinge the terme. 

20. 3itOH, the cuftome is, That neither the executor nor adminiftrator of a 
cuftomary tenant may after his death fell or withdrawe the dounge or foile that was 
at his death vpon the ground, nor timber, tallet poles, or the like, that were felled 
for the repaire or vfe of the houfes, But to remaine for the vfage of the next life : 
ffor the Act of God in the tenants death (hall not preiudice any man, either the lord 
of the Manor, or the next life in remainder or revertion : ffor the copiholder had 
fuch things only to the vfe of his tenement ; And if hee could not by the cuftome 
have fold them away in his lifetime, his executor or adminiftrator caiiot after his 
death ; for they can have from the dead noe greater power or intereft after his death 
then what was in him at his death. 

21. Sltem, 






Manorial €ugtomg 

21. $[tatl, The cuftome is, That if any copiholder fhall not dwell vpon his 
copihold houfe : or havinge for fomtime dwelled thervpon, fhall recede or goe from 
the fame, and dwell out of the Manor, That the fame is a forfeiture of his eftate, 
after publike proclamacSns at three Courts made for his returne. 

22. 3[tcm, by the cuftome, the widowe of a copihold tenant may imediately 
after her hufbands death waive or forfake her widowes eftate, and foe pay noe 
heriot : But if fhee once take the profitts, it is otherwife, though but for a fhort 
time : And havinge once taken any profitt, though fhee dye before the next court, 
or her admittance, yet fhee fhall pay heriott : And the like cuftome for payment of 
heriott is for the fecond or third life in the copy, though fuch perfon dye before 
admittance in court. 

23. Slttttl, the cuftome is, That if a Copiholder dye leavinge his houfe in decay 
and not fufficiently repaired, that the next life after him fhall repaire it, and not the 
homage of the manor, becaufe the remainder-man or next life might have complained 
therof before them in court, and foe have had it repaired : But if it foe fall into the 
lords hands, by the death or forfeiture of the laft life, havinge not byn prefented or 
payned by the homage at the laft court, Then the homage, viz?, the whole cuftomary 
tenants of that perticuler manor, fhall repaire the fame at their charges, for that it 
comes ruinous to their lord by their default. 

24. 3(tem, The cuftome is, That the lord of the manor, may for ffynes for 
contempt, treble damage for waft, and the like anTeiaments impofed in open court 
vpon any Copihold tenant, diftraine any Cattle goinge vpon fuch copihold lands, 
either of the copiholders owne or his vndertenants, becaufe the fame was adiudged 
by the Homage themfelves to bee iuft and right : Which received a tryall at Lent 
affifes Anno. 14. Regis Caroli, betweene Tyler p" and ffillimore deff ; And then were 
three prefidents frefh in memory vouched and proved by 28 . copiholders produced 
as witneffes for the deO, out of each manor three, or fower, wherof the Judge vpon 
hearinge of 7 . only was foe fatisfied, that hee bid the p 1 ' bee nonfuite ; viz!, one 
prefident 20^ agone in the manor of Alkington, when Thomas Bailies cattle were 
taken and impounded for treble damage in waft comitted by Clutterbooke the Copi- 
holder ; The fecond in the Manor of Came about 17. years agone, when Tylers 
cattle were taken, tenant to Parker the copiholder, who had comitted waft, and 
amerced in treble damages. The third in the manor of Cowley, when the treble 
damage was levied about 5 . yeares agone vpon the Cattle of Richard Woodward 

who 



22 ^unDrcD of 23crftricp 

ig who | rented the copihold of Widowe ffords, who comitted the waft : And they all 
affirmed That the lord was at his eleccon, whether hee would take the cattle of the 
Copiholder or of his leffee for any amerciam^, which beinge impounded, were not 
to bee replevied by their cuftome, becaufe the cuftome was in favour of the Copi- 
holder, who otherwife forfeited his eftate for waft ; And for that the waft was valued 
by themfelves vpon oath at the lords Court, which the lord was tyed to accept of; 
and not to take the forfeiture of the copihold forfeited by the Coinon lawe. The 
like prefident was in Hinton manor, betweene Lewes and Jofeph Hopton. 

25- 3tttTO» By the Cuftome, noe widow holdinge by her widowes eftate can 
alter or change the nature of her land, but to continue it in the fame quality and 
condicon as the grounds were, when her hufband dyed : And not to convert that 
into arrable which fhee found pafture, or the like, But in all things to continue fuch 
her holdinge in the fame plight as it was left vnto her, without any preiudice to 
thofe in remainder or revertion ; ffor that fuch widowes eftate is only by the curtefy 
of the cuftome, and not by any grant by her name made to her in the copy. 

26. ^ttm* *he generall cuftome throughout the whole hundred and Barony 
of Berkeley, is, That afwell vpon alienations of freehold lands as vpon difcents, 
Releeves are paid which in all ancient rolls are entred fecundum confuetudinem 
patriae, And foe for heriots fervice. 

What the Cuftomes are amongft Copihold tenants of other mano rs 
within this hundred, not the inheritance of the lord Berkeley, fhall after 
appeare in the defcription of each of thofe Manors. 

Reeves of Manors. 3Cllb heere I will note in generall for all the feverall Manors within this 

hundred, That each Manor had its proper iScrtJC or Praepofitus, whofe office and 
authority was not only to levy the lords rents, to fet to worke his fervants 
and tenants in hufbandinge his demefnes to his beft profitt, But alfo to governe 
his tenants in peace, And as fome have faid, to lead them forth to warre, when 
neceffity within the land foe required. | 



20 

Phrafcs and pro- 
verbs of f peach 
proper to this 
hundred. 



In this hundred of Berkeley are frequently vfed certaine words proverbs and 
phrafes of fpeach, which wee hundreders conceive, (as we doe of certaine market 
moneyes,) to bee not only native but confined to the foile bounds and territory 
therof ; which if found in the mouthes of any forraigners, wee deeme them as leapt 

over 



<Dtoucc0tcr£f)irc ^rctocrftf anb $fjra£c£ 23 

over our wall, or as ftrayed from their proper pafture and dwellinge place : And 
doubtles, in the handfome mouthinge of them, the dialeci feemes borne of our 
owne bodies and naturall vnto vs from the breafts of our nurfes : with fome fewe 
of which difhes I will heere feaft my reader and fport my felfe, viz', 

1. A native hundreder, beinge afked where hee was borne, anfwereth, where fhu'd 

y bee y bore, but at Berkeley hums, And there, begis, each was y bore. Or 
thus, Each was 'geboren at Berkeley hums. 

2. So naturall is the dialed!; of pronouncinge the tre (y) betweene words endinge 

and beginninge with confonants, that it feemes droppinge from the aire into 
our mouthes : As, John y Smyth : John y Cole : Sit y downe : I can y finde 
it : her has y milkt : come y hither : well y faid my Tomy : It's a good y 
white pott : Each ha kild a ferry vat y hogg : Our fowe does not well y fatt 
y : hur may y ferve for lard y : moder cut y mee fome meat : my mal is a 
good y wench : Watt y ge Tom y fome nin y wel y. din'd : hur is y gone : I 
will y goe : Come y my fweet y will y : Th'art my pretty dick y : With 
thoufands the like, accomptinge our felves by fuch manner of fpeach to bee 
true patryots, And true prefervers of the honored memory of our old fore- 
fathers, Gower, Chaufer, Lidgate, Robert de Glouc, and others of thofe and 
former ages. 

3. The letter (ff) is frequently vfed for v. As fewed for viewed : fowe for vowe : 

fenifon for venifon : farnifh for varnifh : and others the like. 

4. The tre (v) is alfo frequently vfed for (f.) as vethers for fethers: vaftinge for faft- 

inge : vowlar for fowlar : venne for fenne : a varthinge for a farthing token : 
vire for fire : vat for fat venifon ; So powerfull a prerogative of tranfplantacon, 
have wee hundreders over the Alphabet. 

5. G is often alfo ufed for C. As guckowe for cuckowe ; grabs for crabs : A guckold 

for a Cuckhold, and the like. 

6. ffor duft, wee fay, douft : rowfty, for rufty : foufty, for fufty, youfe for vfe : and 

the like. 

7. Thicke and thucke, for this and that, rufh out with vs at every breath. As, 

d'ont thick way ; d'ont thuck way : for, doe it on this way : doe it on that 
way. 

8. Putton vp, for put it up : putton on thick way : putton on thuck way : fetton vp, 

for fet it vp : cutton of, for cut it of ; And many the like. 

9. I wou'd it was hild, for I would it were flead, or the fkyn of. 
10. y wood t'wert hild : for, I would thou were hanged. 

11. Hur 



24 J^un&rcD of 23crfecfep 

ii. Hur goes too blive for mee : i.e. fhee goes too faft for mee. 

12. fHippant. i.e. fiippery, quicke, nimble. 

13. Neighboriden ; for neigbourhood in all fenfes. 

14. Wenchen, for wenches, or girles. | 
21 15. Axen, for afhes. 

16. Hur ligs well y bed y this morne ; i. fhee fleepes a napp of nyne houres. 

1 7. I can beteeme fhee any thinge. i.e. I can deny her nothinge. 

18. What ? wil't y piffe a bed. i.e. what will you piffe your bed : 

19. Sheeme bene heere a numbers while, i.e. mee feemes I have byn heere a longe 

while. 

20. Beanes thick yeare are orribly hong'd. i.e. Beanes this yeare are horribly 

codded. 
Hur is dothered. i.e. fhee is amazed aftonifhed. 

An attery, or thwartover wench, i. An angry or croffe natur'd wench. 
H'eel take it fery hugey. i.e. hee will take it in evill part. H'eel growe madd y. 
gaa. i.e. come, let us goe : If you'l goe, gaa. i.e. If you will goe, then come let 

vs goe. 
A fhard. i. a gapp or broken place in an hedge. 
A loppertage. i. A lowe place where a hedge is trodden downe. 
Hembles. i. a dead fhard or gap, neere to a gate : A frequent word in bylawes 

at our Courts. 
y wud and y cud. i.e. I would doe it if I could, 
you fpeake dwelth. i.e. you talke you know not what. 
Each'ill warrant you. i.e. I will bee your warrant. 
Each ha'nnot wel y din'd. i. I have not well dyned. 
The Ire (v) is frequently vfed for (i.) As gurdle, for girdle ; Threfcall for thref- 

hold. 
Harroufl, for harveft. 

To hint. i.e. to end. hintinge, a word in hufbandry. 
A wize acre. i. a very foole. 
Lick many. i. like many. 

To hite abroad, i.e. To ride abroad on pleafure. 
To tett. i.e. to chafe. Hee tet my fheepe. i.e. chafed them. 
To veize, and veizinge. i. to chafe : chafinge violently vp and downe. 
Loome, loomer. i. often and oftner. And loonier, i. fafter. 
To loxe. i.e. to convey away privately. A loxer. i.e. A fecret purloyner. Lox- 

inge. i.e. private pilferinge. 

To Vocket 



43Iouccsftcr#)irc $rctocrb£ ant) $tyta$t0 25 

To vocket, vockater, vockatinge : In like fenfe as to loxe, a loxer, & loxinge, 

laft mentioned. 
The pugg. i.e. the refufe corne left at winnowinge. 
Shoon. i. (hoes ; The naturall ideome of my whole family, my felfe fcarce free 

from the infection. 
A penfton, a coine or Jameftone. 

Thick cole will y not y tind. i. This cole will not burne. 
Wee fhim all hufli at home i.e. wee are all quiet at home, 
meeve. i.e. move. As, meeve them a lich. i.e. move them a like, 
grannam. i.e. grandame, a grandmother, good gramere. i.e. good grandmother. 
Twit. i.e. vpbraid. 
gait. i.e. all in haft ; or heddy. 
A grible. i.e. A crabftocke to graft vpon. 
Howe fare fader and moder : when fawe you fader and moder ; fader and moder 

will bee heere to morrowe. Altogeather without the pronoune poffefhve. 
This hay did well y henton. i.e. dry or wither well. | 

Each am well y fritt. i.e. I am well filled. 22 

Ch'am w'oodly agreezd. i.e. I am wonderfully agreived. 
In the familiar difference of the vfuall words, gay and goe, confifteth halfe the 

thrift of my hufbandries. gaye, is let vs goe, when my felfe goes as one of 

the company : But, goe, is the fendinge of others when my felfe ftaies behinde. 
A gofchicken. i. a goflin or younge goofe. 

Ourne, for ours ; theirn, for theirs : hurne for hers, and many the like. 
A piffe glaffe. i.e. an vrinall. 

A flaterne, i.e. a rude ill bred woman. An haytrell, the like. 
An hoytrell, i.e. a loofe idle knave. 

Hur will bee bedlome anoae. i.e. fhee will bee by and by mad. 
A Dowd, i.e. An vnfeemely woman, vnhandfome in face and foote. 
Dunch, i.e. deafe. Hurts, i.e. bilbaries. Solemburies, i.e. fervice berries ; 

wized. i.e. wifhed. 
Hee makes noe hoe of it. i.e. hee cares not for it. 
Hee is an haftis man, i.e. hafty or angry. 
Come a downe, i.e. get yee downe. Come y vp. i.e. come vp. I pray fet a 

downe. i.e. I pray fit downe. 
Hite, i.e. Comely, vnhity, i.e. vncomely. you difhite mee, i.e. you fhame mee. 
Tyd, i.e. wanton. Hee is very tyd, i.e. very wanton. A tyd bit, i.e. a fpeciall 

morfell referved to eat at laft. 

Each 

E VOL. Ill 



26 J^unDreo of 23crftdcp 

Each ha fongd to a childe, i.e. I have byn godfather at a childes chriftninge. 

Hee did fange to mee, i.e. hee is my godfather. 
To fonge, i.e to receive. 
The cowes white, i.e. butter and cheefe. 
A voulthay. i.e 
To gale, A galer, The galefifhinge ; wherof read after, in my defcripcon of 

Severne. 
Wone, twa, three, voure, vive, id eft. i. 2. 3. 4. 5. 
Hee n'eer blins, i.e. hee never ceafeth. 
Meefe, meefy, i.e. moffe, moffy. 

Hee wants boot a beame, i.e. Hee wants money to fpend : or mony in his purfe. 
Thuck vire don't y bran, i.e. this fire doth not burne. 
It war y gold, that war y gam y ; i.e. That was gold w"= h was given mee. 
ga'as zo'm of thuck bread, i.e. give mee fome of that bread. 
Hur ha's well y tund her geer to day. i. fhee hath applied her booke to day. 
Moder, gyn, will not y wafhen' the difhen'. i. Mother, Jone, will not wafh the 

difhes. 
Gyn y com y and tyff y the windowes. i. Jone, come, and trim vp the windowes, 

(meaninge with Mowers.) 
Eefee, and eaffee. i. waighty. Eefeer and eefteer. i. waightier. Its eefee 

corne in bond. 
Camplinge, i. brawlinge, chidinge. 
Pilflcers. i. pillow beers. 

But, Claudite jam rivos pueri, fat prata liberunt. | 

2 3 1. 30)cc';SJ like an Aprill fhoure, that wets the (tone 9 times in an houre. Hee's 
Proverbs peculiar ... - , .... . . , 

to this Hundred. ''ke a leather on an hill. — Applyed to an vnconitant man. 

2. fycc is an hughy proud man, hee thinkes himfelfe as great as my lord Berkeley. 

— Our fimple ancient honefties knewe not a greater to make comparifon by, 
when this proverbe firft arofe. 

3. $)cc'l proove, I thinke, a man of Durfeley. i.e. A man that will promife much 

but performe nothinge. — This (now difperfed over England,) tooke roote 
from one Webb a great Clothier dwellinge in Durfeley in the daies of Queen 
Mary, as alfo was his father in the time of kinge Henry the viij'! 1 ; vfinge to 
buy very great quantities of wooll out of moll counties of England ; At the 
waighinge wherof, both father and fonne, (the better to drawe on their ends,) 
would ever promife out of that parcell a gowncloth peticote cloth apron or 

the like, 






JDrcrtjcrfj^ peculiar to tfjc $)unbrcb 27 

the like, to the good wife or her daughters, but never paid any thinge : Old 
Edward Greene vicar of Berkeley, in the firft of kinge James, vfinge this 
proverbe in his fermon there, whereat many of Durfley were prefent, had 
almoft raifed a tumult amongft his auditory, wherof my felfe was one. 

4. J^CC feekes for ftubble in a fallowe feild, i.e. hee loofeth his labour. Or, as wee 

otherwife fpeake, feekes for a needle in a bottle of hay. 

5. fio pipe noe puddinge : In the like fenfe as, No penny no pater nofter. Or as, 

Carmina fi placeant, fac nos gaudere palato. Now thou my penny haft, of 
the muficke let mee taft. 

6. f^ce that feares every graffe muft never piffe in a meadowe. In like fenfe as, 

A faint hart never won a faire lady. 

7. f$C£ that's cooled with an Apple, and heated with an egge, Over mee fhall 

never fpread his legg. — A widowe's wanton proverbe. 

8. $ciQj)bor, w'are fure of faire weather, each ha beheld this morne, Abergainy 

hill. — A frequent fpeach with vs of the hilly part of this hundred ; and indeed 
that little picked hill in Wales over that Towne is a good Alminake maker ; 
wherof my felfe have often made vfe in my hufbandry. 

9. IfCC is very good at a white pott. — By white pot, wee wefterne men doe meane 

a great cuftard or puddinge baked in a bagg, platter, kettle, or pan : Notinge 
heerby, a good trencher man, or great eater. 

10. 31 HlUjSt play Benall with you. A frequent fpeach when the gueft, imediately 

after meat, without any ftay departeth. 

11. % great houfkeeper is fure of nothinge for his good cheare, fave a great Turd 

at his gate. I wifh this durty proverbe had never prevailed in this hundred, 
havinge from thence banifhed the greater halfe of our ancient hofpitallity. 

12. SCpp catt is a good moufhunt. — An vfuall fpeach when wee hufbands comend 

the diligence of our wives. Wee hundreders maintaininge as an orthodox 
pofition, That hee that fomtimes flattereth not his wife cahot alwaies pleafe her. 

13. dSllkhlpC prichc.Sf the tree, that a fharpe thorne will bee. — In like fence, as 

elfewhere. — Soone crookes the tree, that a good cambrell will bee. Contrary 
to that wicked one — A younge faint an old Devill. 
14 Diip may bee difcerned at a little hole.— -Diverfly and not vnaptly applied. | 

15. £l)C gray mare is the better horfe. — meaninge, that the moft mafter goeth 24 

breechleffe : i. when the filly hufband muft afke his wife, whether it fhall bee 
a bargaine or not. 

16. 2$0UCp is noe foole, if a wife man have it in keepinge. — Alludinge to the old 

coinon fayinge, — That a foole and his money are foone parted. 

17- IBfym 



28 $unorcb of 25cchdcp 

1 7- HDfycn wheat lies longe in bed, it rifeth with an heavy head. When wheat is 
fowne in October or November, and by reafon of an heavy furrowe caft vpon it, 
or other accident of nyppinge wether, fhewes not above ground till December 
or January, Our plowmen fay It will at harveft have the greater eare ; But, 
(by the leave of my fellow ploughmen and their proverbe,) I thinke both they 
and my felfe bury neere halfe the feed wee fowe in that manner, that never 
rifeth. 

1 8. Dip not thy finger in the morter, nor feeke thy penny in the water. — Lord 

Coke, cheife Juftice, in the yeare 1613, brought this into that hundred at the 
maryage of the lady Theophila Berkeley to Sir Robert his eJdeft fonne, which 
fince is growne frequent. A prudent dehortation from buildings and water- 
workes. ffor my follies in both, I may iuftly bee indited. 

19. J^CC'iS like the mafter Bee that leades forth the fwarme. — Alludinge to the prime 

man of a parifh, to whofe will all the reft agree. 

20. J^CC mends like fowre ale in fomer. i.e. Hee growes from nought to worfe. 

21. 1$CC hath offered his candle to the divell. — This (now comon) thus arofe ; Old 

fhllimore of Cam, goinge in Anno 1 584, to pYent S r Tho. Throgm: of Tortworth 
with a fuger lofe, met by the way with his neighbor S. M: who demanded 
whither and vpon what bufines hee was goinge, anfwered, Co offct Hip 
1 iinO If to ttjC DifoiU : which coiiiinge to the eares of S r Tho : At the next 
mufter hee fent two of ffillimores fonnes foldiers into the Low countries, 
where the one was flayne and the other at a deere rate redeemed his returne. 

22. 55c'gi?, be-gis, it's but a mans fancy. — A frequent fpeach which thus arofe : 

William Bower of Hurft ffarme, had each fecond yeare one or more of his 
maidfervants with childe, whom, with fuch portions as hee beftowed vpon 
them, hee maryed either to his menfervants, (perhaps alfo fharers with him,) 
or to his neighbors fonnes of meaner ranke : Some yeares paft, it was 
demaunded of A: CI: why hee beinge of an eftate in wealth well able to live, 
would marry one of Bowers double whores, (for by her hee had had two 
baftards,) wherto A. CI: foberly replyed, Bcgys, Begys, its but a mans fancy, 
Its but a mans fancy : meaninge, &c. take which of the conftruclions you 
pleafe ; In both fenfes it's comon with vs hundreders. 

23. 4Bctt him a wife, get him a wife. W. Quinten of Hill havinge a peftilent angry 

and vnquiet wife, much more infultinge over his milde nature then Zantippe 
over Socrates, was oft enforced to fhelter himfelfe from thofe ftormes, to kcepe 
his chamber : whence, hearinge his neighbors complayninge of the vnrulines 
of their towne bull, whom noe mounds would keepe out from fpoilinge of their 

corne 



tProtocrbS peculiar to tlje ^unorcb 29 

corne feilds, the bull then bellowing before them, and they then in chafinge 
him towards the cofhon pound ; peepinge out of his chamber windowe, cryed 

to them ; ^cigljbor^, #cigt)bor£, rjett fjim a toifc, gcrt fjim a forifc ; meaninge, 

That by that meanes hee would bee made quiett and tamed as himfelfe was : 
from whence this proverbe (nowe frequent) firft arofe. | 

24. 3<f once againe I were Jacke Tomfon or John Tomfon, I would never after bee 25 

good man Tomfon while I lived : Hence this, thus : This Jacke Tomfon foe 
called till fixteene, and after John Tomfon till hee maryed at 24, was the only 
jovyall and frolicke younge man at merry meetings and Maypoles in all 
Beverfton, where hee dwelled : After his maryage, (humors at home not well 
fettlinge betweene him and his wife,) hee loft his mirth and began to droope, 
which one of his neighbors often obfervinge, demanded vpon a fit opportunity, 
the caufe of his bad cheare and heavy lookes ; wherto, hee fighing gave this 
anfwere : Ah neighbor, if once againe I were either Jacke Tompfon or John 
Tomfon, I would never bee goodman Tomfon while I lived : This ftory I 
derived from Wittm Bower the elder, the old Bayle of this hundred, vpon 
whofe kinfman the inftance was ; And from whome his owne cafe diffented 
but little. 

25. f}cc drew it as blith as a Robin reddocke : viz'., As a robin redbreft. 

26. Ch/atll woodly agreezd . vz\, I am wonderfully greived. 

27. 3Bt)Cll Weftridge wood is motley, then its time to fowe barley. 

28. face's* well ferved, for hee hath oft made orts of better hay ; Orts is the coarfe 

butt end of hay which beafts leave in eatinge of their fodder : This proverbe 
is applyed to man or woman who refufinge many good offers in maryage, 
either in greatnes of portion or comlines of perfon, At laft it makes choice of 
much leffe or worfe. 

29. tyce hath fold a beane and bought a peaze ; ) Reproaches 
Hee hath fould a pound and bought a penny ; > to an vnthrifty 
Hee hath fold Briftoll and bought Bedminfter ; / man. 

30. 25cU.iarC, Clubs are trumps ; Or clubs will prove trumps. A caution for the maids 

to bee gone for their Miftrefles anger hath armed her with a cudgell : Or, to 
the filly hufband to bee packinge, for his wife draweth towards'her altitude. 

31. I^CC'jJ a true chipp of the old blocke. Like fonne like father. 

32. 3MI the maids in Wanfwell may dance in an egg fhell. I hold this a lying 

proverbe at this day, it flandereth fome of my kindred that dwell there. 

33. ®CC has met with an hard Winter. Alludinge to one recoved from a pinchinge 

ficknes : or to a beaft caft down with hardnes of fare. 

34. j&imonb£aH 



30 J^unorcti of SScrhriqi 

34. j&imonb&lU £iUlff, vfuall To note a guefl bringinge an hungry appetite to our 

table : Or when a man eates little, to fay hee wants fome of Simondfall fauce: 
The farme of Simondfall (lands on the higheft place and pureft aire of all 
that country : If any fcituacon could promife longe and healthy daies I would 
thence expect it : provided I have a good woodpile for winter. 

35. jMmoiibSilli nctDC?. The clothiers horfcarriers and wainmen of this hundred 

who weekely frequent London, knowinge by ancient cuftome, That the firft 
queftion, (after welcome home from London,) is What newes at London ; 
Doe vfually gull vs with feigned inventions, devifed by them vpon thofe 
downes ; which wee either then fufpeclinge vpon the report, or after findinge 
falfe, wee cry out, Simondfall newes. A generall fpeach betweene each 
coblers teeth. 

36. ffyCC is as milde as an hornett. Meaninge a very wafpe in tongue or trade ; 

This proverbe I have from my wife, a true Cowleian, and naturall bred 
hundredor ; A proverbe as frequent with her, as chidinge with her maides. | 
26 2,7- $0 OI "Ip fitt- ritchly warme ; when on an high chaire wee fit before the fire 
the legs are only warmed : but fittinge on a poore lowe ftoole, then thighes 
belly breaft & bofome face & head take benefitt & are warmed. Howbeit 
wee hundredors fomtimes metaphorize this proverbe into a prudent counfell, 
directinge our worldly affaires. 

38. ffairc fall nothinge once a yeare. It needs no coihent. 

39. *}Vc make abb or warp of it. If not one thinge yet another. 

40. In little medlinge is much eafe. 

Of much medlinge, comes no found fleepinge. 

41. 9Cn head that's white to mayds brings noe delight: or An head that's gray 

ferves not for maydens play : In which ftate my conftitucon now ftands. 

42. HDfjcil the daies begin to lengthen the cold begins to ftrengthen. — meaninge 

the coldeft part of Winter is after the winter Solftice. Allndinge alfo to the 
rule of hufbandry : That at Candlemas a provident hufbandman fhould have 
halfe his fodder, and all his corne remaininge. 

43. 5111 is well fave that the worft peece is in the midft. Noe fpeach more true, 

when the taylor firft puts on our wives new gownes. 

44. 3U man may love his houfe well though hee ride not vpon the ridge : Or, Love 

well his cowe though hee kiffe her not. 

45. Stjtf nimble as a blinde cat in a barne. 

46. 3[ w'ud I c'ud fee't, ka' blind Hugh, for I would I could fee it. 

47. HiOC pilles the hide : meaninge that March (called by vs lide) pinches the poare 

man's bead. 48. €tl)0 



$rotocrbs peculiar to tt)c ^unorcD 31 

48. CVDO hungry meales makes the third a glutton. In like fence as, Hungry dogs 

eat durty puddings. 

49. g'f thou lov'ft mee at the hart, thou'lt not loofe mee for a fart. Often varied 

into divers applicacons. 

50. J£)I)C11 the crow begins to build then flieepe begin to yeald : meaninge, that the 

fall of rotten flieepe is principally in ffebruary or March, wherin that bird 
gathereth fticks to make her neft: Alludinge to that other proverb, Michaelmas 
rott comes fhort of the pott : Intimatinge, that thofe fheepe which by wett 
fomers hony dewes, or like caufes of rott, which when comonly comes in 
Auguft or September, Rottinge at Michaelmas, dye in Lent after, when that 
feafon of the yeare permitted not the poore hufbandman to eat them. 

51. ..SMiiolif will to the fmicker : meaninge, If many goffips fit againft a fmokey 

chimney the fmoke will bend to the faireft ; A proverbe which doth advantage 
a merry goffip to twitt the foule flutt her neighbour. 

52. 31 lllijStp morne in th'old o'th moone doth alwaies bringe a faire poft-noone. 

An hilly proverbe about Simondfall. 

53. Cf)C more beanes the fewer for a penny. Meaninge, When beanes prove beft 

wheat and barley proove word, wherby the price of pulfe is raifed. 

54. IBtjCIl thou doft drinke beware the toft, for therein lyes the danger moft. 

55. Slt^p milke is in the Cowes home, now the zunne is 'ryv'd at Capricorne : mean- 

inge, when the dayes are at fhorteft, the cowe cofnonly then fed with ftrawe 
and neere the calvinge, gives little or no milke. 

56. 2$onc£ bringe meat to towne : meaninge, Difficult and hard things are not 

altogether to bee reiecled, or things of fmall confequence. 
57-31 pOAtC mans tale may now bee heard : viz!, When none fpeakes the meaneft 
may. 

58. >§torc is noe fore ; Plenty never rings it's mafter by the eare. 

59. 3 ! lt defcripcon of our choiceft morfells, wee fay; The backe of an hearinge, the 

poll of a tench, The fide of a falmon, the belly of a wench. | 

60. fiitftl doth proove the man who hath the hand, 27 
To bury wives, and t'have his flieepe to ftand. 

61. % jatotDC doth fooner then a cowe, bringe an oxe to the plowe : meaninge, more 

profit doth arife to the hufbandman by a fowe then a cowe. 

62. 3t£ bawdy as a butcher : meaninge, that filthines ftickes to his conditions, as 

vifibly as greafe to the butchers apron. 

63. Jj)er that will thrive muft rife at five : But hee that hath thriven may lye till 

feaven. 

64. j^ee 



2,2 &unbrcb of 23crhdcp 

64. ^ct that fmells the firfl favour, is the faults firft father. This proverbe admits 

many applicacons : The homlyeft is, That hee firft fmels the fart that lett it. 

65. j^cc is tainted with an evill guife, 
Loth to bed, and lother to rife. 

66. tyct that worft may, muft hold the candle. Or, the weakeft goes to the wall. 

67. %l two ride vpon an horfe one muft fit behinde ; meaninge, That in each 

contention one muft take the foile. 

68. 23cc the counfell better, bee it worfe, 
ffollow him, that beares the purfe. 

69. fltf^anp efteeme more of the broth, then of the meat fod therein. Divfly applied. 

70. Cf)C Crowe bids you good morrow. A phrafe wherby wee figuratively call a 

man a knave. 

71. 23arkp makes the heape, but wheat the cheape : Meaninge, that a good wheat 

yeare pulles downe the price of its felfe and of all other graines, which noe 
other graine doth. 

72. tytc bites the eare, yet feemes to cry for feare : meaninge, hee doth the wronge 

yet firft complaines. 
73- cQccrc£t to the well furtheft from the water. Like, neereft to the church 
furtheft from God. 

74. H)CC never hath a bad day that hath a good night : not much vnlike, Hee never 

hath a bad leafe that hath a good landlord. 

75. i$CC hath eaten his roft meat firft : diverfly applyed. 

76. #Offtc anew, nocke anew. i.e. Try againe. 

77. 25oab a bagg, and beam', i. An ill hap falles where it is feared. 

78. $CCD and night make the lame to trott. 

79. £f)C owners foot doth fatt the foile : Or the mafters eye doth feed the horfe. 

80. CljC cup and cover will hold togeather: Birds of a feather will flocke togeather; 

Like will like ; The Dyvell likes the collier. 

81. jpairc is the weather where cup and cover doe hold together: viz'., where 

hufband and wife agree. 

82. CfyiltjJS ne'ere goe ill where Jacke and Gill piffe in one quill. 

83. SI toOUiait, fpaniell, and a walnut tree, 
The more they are beaten, better they bee. 

84. St^ucl) fmoke little fire ; much adoe about nothinge. 

85. fycc that wreakes himfelfe at every wronge, 
Shall never finge the ritch mans fonge. 

86. 3fi gtple toward, and a wife forward, are vneafy companions. 

87. %ft 



Sed quere de hoc. 



HDctJication 33 

87. %0 the good man faies, fo it mould bee, 
But as the good wife faies, foe it muft bee. 

88. 5i£ proud as an Ape of a whip ; vz. not proud at all ; rather in diflike of y e 

thinge. 

89. <0n S' Valentines day caft beanes in clay, But on S' Chad fowe good and badd. 

— So that wee hundredors lymit the feed time of that lenten crop between the 
14 th of ffebruary and the fecond of March. 

90. 3tg proud as a dog in a dublett. i.e. very proud. 

91. p.itfi) by patch is yeomanly ; but patch vpon patch is beggerly. | 

92. BDilltcr never dies in her dams belly. Our climate is fure of frofts or fnowes 28 

firft or laft. 

93. 23otrf) and fit, build and flit. I befhrew this proverbe, wherby the tenant is 

kept from a comly repairinge of his houfe, for doubt of havinge it taken in 
revertion over his head. 

94. ^jt£ merry in the hall when beards wagg all. i.e. when men are eatinge, and 

women dancinge. 

95. Ct)C mice will play when the catt is away. i.e. Servants will loyter when the 

mafter is abfent : This my experience in my longe abodes abroade, all my life 
longe, hath prooved too true for my profitt. 

96. 3tiU for loll : Id eft, one for another : As good as hee brought : 

97- 2©l)Cn Wotton hill doth weare a cap, Let Horton towne beware of that. i.e. 
That foggy mift coinonly turnes that way into raine. 

98. 25cttCC a bit then noe bread, i.e. Somthinge is better then nothinge. Nothinge 

hath noe favour. 

99. 9$iinp feames many beanes. An hufbandly proverbe checkinge great and 

broad furrowes, too frequent with our hynde fervants. 
100. 2Bcttiarc the fox in a fearne bufh. i.e. Old fearne of like colour keepes often the 
fox vnperceived. Hypocrify often clokes a knave. 

Sat lufimus iftis. 

I have now ended what I intended in generall, in fport or earneft, in the 
defcription of this hundred. I nowe fall vpon a perticuler defcription of each 
Towne, parifh, village, hamblet, Ryver, hill, dale, or other remarkeable place, As by 
Alphabet they prefent themfelves before mee ; Dedicatinge what followeth, 

To you my beloved fonne John Smyth, and to you my ancient and 
honeft fervant William Archard ; Thus tellinge you, That, 

I had caft what followeth into a mould farre otherwife cut out then now you fee 
f vol. 111 it : 



34 $)un&rcb of 23crftricp 

it : I had alfo purpofed in a volume by it felfe the reviewe of a booke of the lord 
Berlceleys tenures by knights fervice in this hundred of Berkeley finifhed in the 
yeare 1605, and then prefented to Henry lord Berkeley, in acknowledgm! of the dett 
which I owed from the place of Stewardship I held, (as ftill I doe,) vnder his fee and 
patent ; In this fpace of thirty and fower yeares, (my defires ftill pufhinge mee that 
way,) I have finifhed the three volumes of the hiftory of that family, lately copied 
out by one of you : ffrom my endeavors wherin are a remaine of that perticuler 
worke, (great indeed, had not a continued delight of 40. yeares haled mee alonge,) 
I found leaft in my rough pap?, fuch (lore of materialls as feemed fufficient, both 
for this defcription of the hundred of 25crhricp, And alfo for a reviewe of my faid 
booke of tenures ; which, as my fecond thoughts told mee, could not well bee 
divided into feverall volumes, as I firft intended : At leaft, my withered age, 
(become a freind to eafe,) prepared mee foe to thinke, fuggeftinge that I more 
fitly might, (as the proverbe is,) make vp both thofe gaps with one bufh and the 
fame flakes ; which I have heerein effayed to doe, the caufe of the newe fafhioned 
29 garment | wherwith I have now apparelled this followinge Defcription. 

5'll this fpace, yee two, havinge beene in many fallies abroad and ferches 
at home my helpers and Amanuenfes, and withall moft likely after my daies to 
hold vnder that noble family the place I yet doe, I offer then to your viewe and 
amendment, if in any thinge I have erred; the rather alfo for that your future daies, 
treadinge in the fame waies wherin I have walked, may both iudge of my ftepps 
and inlarge the path which I have trodden in, much by mee defired, for the benefitt 
of that noble lord and his ever honored family, vnder which I have growne vp to 
bee what I am ; and vnder mee, yee to bee what you now are, with future hopes 
conceived of you both. God Almighty bleffe yee : The affectionate prayer of 

^otjn £mptf) the elder. 
December . 1639. 

Anno 15 . Regis Caroli. | 






SUItington 



Jtlkincjton. 

?llltington, in Domefday booke, Almintune : And in the time of kinge Henry 30 
the third written Alcrinton, but erronioufly : is a Manor lo p . p or tithinge within the 
parifh of Berkeley, confiftinge of thefe fmall hambletts or petty villages ; viz?, 
Nuport, Woodford, S wanly, Wike, Goldefwike, Dangervilfwike, Baynham, Rug- 
bagge, Holts, Heathfeild, and Alkington, which laft giveth name to the whole 
manor ; Of all which George lord Berkeley is owner, holden of the kinge by knights 
fervice in Capite, and parcell of his Barony and great Manor of Berkeley : whereof 
himfelfe and his Anceftors in a lineall difcent of 20 generations, the fpace of — 550. 
yeares, have byn owners, without attainder ; Whofe Difcent from Hardinge the 
Dane to the lord Robert his fonne and heire, And from him to the faid lord 
George, is before laid downe in fol: 7. And after fol: 109; Of each of which eleaven 
fmall hambletts fomthinge is after written in perticuler. 

'Cf)t£ Manor of Alkington is accompted a fourth part of the parifh of Berke- 
ley, and contributeth after that rate in all parifh payments ; The demefnes wherof 
in the time of William the Conqueror confifted of fower hides of land, As by 
Domefdei booke appeares. 

5fn the faid hamblett called Alkington is halfe the parke called the Worthy or Parkes. 
Caftle parke ; And in other parts of this Manor or tithinge are the parks called 
Oakeley parke, and Mychaelwood park or chafe : In which Chafe is the fhewe of 
an ancient and fpatious campe, deeply entrenched, called at this day the ffortreffe, ffortreffe. 
or old caftle ; but when caft vp, or vpon what occafion, I have not found. 

25ettDCCnC the hamblets of Wike and Nuport, is a little meade called Riam, Riam-mead. 
whither on Sunday next after Whitfunday reforted the youthes of both fexes from 
many Villages adioyninge, fpendinge the afternoone in dancinge, leapinge, Wraftl- 
inge, and the like exercifes ; A day knowne in all the quarters therabouts by the 
matronimicall name of Riam-mead funday ; A meetinge of late years omitted. 
Whereof read more fol : 344. 

^Jn a feild neere therto, by the gravell pitts, are often digged and ploughed vp Vrnes or pitchers, 
divers dead mens bones and fculls ; but when buried or how there laid vp I have 
not found ; Neither can more probably conjecture then of the vrnes or empty 

earthen 

f 2 



36 



JpunDrcD of 23crhricp 



earthen pitcher that have likewife there byn digged vp, fome of them covered with 
maffy broad ftones. 

lithe barne. 'O'll this hamblet of Wike ftandeth one of the eight tythe barnes belonginge to 

the parifli of Berkeley, worth per Ann — xxxij 1 ! - 

Miehaelwood U3f)crin alfo I rather place the Chace of Michaelwood then in Woodford, 

which hath longe byn honored with a Ranger and two keepers ; But vpon an 
agreement in the Tenth yeare of kinge James betweene Henry lord Berkeley and 
the inhabitants of this lordlhip of Alkington havinge Coition of pafture in this 
Chace, It was by a Decree in the Court of Chancery foe fetled by confent That 
400 acres at 18 foote to the perch was enclofed into a paled parke, And the refidue 
31 vpon that decree, was left to bee the free comon of the faid inhabitants, | And the 
Deere from thenceforwards for ever excluded ; And theron 1000 oakes to bee left 
for the mart; and fhadowe of the Cattle of the Cofnoners, which at noe time after 
fhould bee felled or otherwife difpofed of: Howbeit it longe foe remained not, ffor 
George lord Berkeley grandchilde and heire of the faid lord Henry did in the Third 
of kinge Charles difparke the fame, and lett it to 12 feverall men at an improved 
rent, caryinge the pales .for repaire of his three other parks of Whitcliffe, New- 
parke, and the Worthy, then in much decay : Which foe continueth to this day, 
1639. 



Places in 
Mikelwood. 



CJ)C moft remarkeable parts of which Chace are knowne by the names of 
Sandridge, Harehills, Blakemore, Redford, the pikes, the fortreffe, the lodge 
quarter, the gully, and Campden Hill : Of which diftinguifhable names good vfe 
was made in a fuite in the court of Wards and Liveries in 42. Eliz. profecuted by 
Anne Counteffe of Warwicke widowe, againfl Henry lord Berkeley and others 
Aflarts defendants, for the greater halfe thereof, wherein fliee prevailed not. Much of 
which Chace hath almoft round about byn cut out pared and affarted by feverall 
grants made in fee and fee taile, by the lords therof, in feverall kings times ; And 
amongft others, £ nomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that name, by Deed without 
Foules grove date granted to Richard de Wike and his heires, Vnum claufum in bofco fuo de 
Mukelwood de quodam affarto quod Wittus fiowell quondam tenuit quod continet 
fex acras et fexaginta perticatas terra; et bofci, quod iacet inter ctnm Pucellse de 
Haggely et viam qua; ducit per medium de Mukelwood vcrfus Ecctiam de Nubbe- 
ley ; To hold of him and his heires by knights fervice, and the yearly rent of three 
fhillings, which is paid at this day by John Purnell of Wike, whofe father Thomas 
Purnell in quarto Jacobi, purchafed the fame of Wittm Gibbs and Henry Hathway, 

as they 



SClitingtcm 37 

as they in eod' anno Jacobi of Wittm Baffet Efq,,, fonne of Edward, fonne of Wittm, 
fonne of Robert, fonne of Gyles, fonne of Robert fonne of John, fonne of Edmond 
brother and heire of John and Maurice, who both dyed without iffue, the three 
fonnes of Sir Simon Baffet knight, who dyed in 37. E. 3. fonne of Sir Edmond, 
brother and heire of Sir. John Baffett, fonnes of Anfelme Baffet and Margaret his 
wife, daughter of Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that name ; Which name of 
ffoules grove continueth to this day, anno 1639, from the poffeffion of the faid 
Wittm ffowell, and lieth bounded as of old is mentioned in the Deed ; And came 
firft into the family of the Baffetts by the faid S' Simon Baffett, a very remarkeable 
fcholler and Souldier, and many yeares Efcheator and Sheriffe of this county in the 
raigne of kinge Edward the third ; Of whom read more in the defcription of 
Ewly, fol. 185. 190. 

Cl)0 like grant or Affart of another part of this Mukelwood was made by Aflarts. 
Robert lord Berkeley the fecond of that name, in the time of kinge Richard the 
firft, who by his Deed without date, dedit Galfrido vitulo et heredibus fuis, diverfas 
parvas pcellas terrse in Huntingford, Et totum | affartum illud in orientali bofci fui 32 
de Muclewood, quod Radus Scai affartavit, Reddendo — 15! p an ad fefta Sci Micftis 
et Pafche pro omnibus fervitijs et demandis, Salvo regali fervicio quando ad vnam 
virgatam terre pertinet : Et etiam conceffit viginti porcos quieftos de pannagio in 
bofco fuo de Muclewood pklco five claufus fuerit, five non. And alfo by this deed 
in another parcell of Muclewood affarted, granted to the faid Geffry Veel and his 
heires, bounded to lye next Woodyeates on the north part, and the Meadowe 
ground called Wingefmore on the eaft pte, And the ground called Hinclall on the 
fouth part ; and is divided from other grounds parcell of the ferme of Huntingford 
by a little brooke on the eaft and fouth parts, called Camylham, and containeth 
about eight acres, knowne by the name of the Woodleys, which yealdeth fix pence 
of ancient cuftome, towards the fifteenth and Tenth affeffed vpon this Manor of 
Alkington, when it is granted by parliament, as lyinge within the fame : And is 
now the inheritance of Thomas Graile by a late purchafe made by him from John 
Dutton of Shirborne Efq,, who purchafed the fame (inter alia) of Sir Henry Baynton 
knight who purchafed the fame of Sir William Throkmerton, fonne and heire of Sir 
Thomas Throkmerton, who died in the fixt of kinge James, in whofe office the 
fame is perticulerly mentioned : wherof alfo, fee more in Huntingford, fol : — 235. 

3lll the yeare 1605 . vpon controverfies arifinge betweene the Inhabitants of this Coiiionage fetled 
manor of Alkington and of Stinchcombe adioyninge, touchinge Comonage, It was anc j Alkington. 

by the 



38 ^unoreD of 23crhricp 

by the mediation of Robert Hale Ef% a Barryfter of Lincolnes Inne and myfelfe 
thus fetled by the affent of both townfhips ; vz', That the Inhabitants of Alkington 
Stinchcombe and Stancombe fhall entercomon togeather from the lake or grip in 
Crefway which divideth the waft grounds of thofe Lo p . s vnto Crefway head contain- 
inge in length perches, and in bredth as the hedges on either fide confine the 
fame, without disturbance on either fide : And if any of the cattell of the inhabitants 
of Alkington come over the faid lake or gripp into the waft grounds of Stinchcombe, 
and noe man prefent to returne them backe, then it fhall bee lawfull for them of 
Stinchcombe to impound them as Trefpaffors : And likewife if any cattell of Stinch- 
combe or Stancombe fhall come or departure beyond Crefway head into the waft 
grounds of Alkington, and noe man prefent to returne them backe, then it fhall bee 
lawfull for them of Alkington to impound them as trefpaffors : Which Agreement 
continueth to this day . A° 1639. 

Holts Dolt£, one of the little hambletts, wherof this Manor or lordfhip of Alkington 

is faid to confift, is memorable for the many longe and troublefome fuits in lawe 
which of old in the time of kinge Henry the fifth, Henry the fixt, and kinge 
Edward the fourth, And of late in the times of Queene Elizabeth and kinge James 
have arifen about the title thereof, in molt of the kings Courts, if not in all, con- 
tinuinge till the vii lh of kinge James ; wherof to write at large would tire a patient 
reader, but nowe are fallen afleepe in peace ; Stub vnwillinge I am to ravell a 
thread, or awaken any fence of them. | 

33 5"n cpcVDport (which I have in the time of kinge Edward the third feene 

Newport Chantry written, novus portus,) one of the little hamblets of this Lo? or Tithinge of 
Alkington, feated in the midd, and highway betweene the Cities of Glouc. and 
Briftoll, wherby it feemes a pretty through -fare towne, beautified with three or 
fower Innes for travellers ; Thomas lord Berkeley in the xvij'! 1 and xx' h yeares of 
kinge Edward the third founded two Chantries, and endowed them with two 
meffuages, two yard land and five pounds rent, lyinge in Berkeley, Wotton, Hill, 
and Alkington, for two Chapleins to celebrate in the Chappie of Saint Maurice 
there, licenced by the kinge, and confirmed by Wolftan Bifhop of Worcefter : And 
by his Charter of foundation appointed what kindes of Maffes and praiers fliould 
bee funge vpon vfuall dayes, ordinary holydayes, and vpon fpeciall feftivalls, in foe 
decent and holy a manner, that vnles hee had byn a fcholler to John Wickecliffie, 
(who now lived,) hee could not have come neerer to the do6trine of theis prefent 
dayes in the church of England ; forbiddinge theis his preifts to take money of any 

man, 






SClhington 39 

man, or to bee fervant or chaplein to any perfon but to God only in fpiritualities, 
and to himfelfe in honeft and neceffary temporalities ; And that they mould live 
chaftly and honeflly, and not come to markets alehoufes or tavernes, neither mould 
frequent playes or vnlawfull games : In a word, Hee made theis preifts by theis 
ordinances to bee two of thofe honeft men whom wee miftake and call purittlll^ in 
theis our times : In which condition theis Chanteries and their Chaple continued, 
(reputed a manor by the additions of other lands by his pofterity,) till its fatall blowe 
was given by parliament in the firft yeare of kinge Edward the fixt : Out of which 
poffeffions the lord George Berkeley, heire male to the faid lord Thomas the 
founder, receiveth a fee rent of — xliiij* viij d at this day, faved to him by the faid a6l 
of Diffolucon. And afterwards in July in the Third of kinge Edward the Sixt, the 
kinge granted the fame to Matthew White and Edward Burry and their heires, 
And they by Deed inrolled in the fame month conveyed to Anthony Burchier and 
his heires, And hee againe the fame month to Thomas ffranfom and his heires, with 
other lands ; who fcattered thofe poffeffions into many hands, And amongft others, 
by his Deed dated 26 . ffebr. 4. E. 6. aliened the chantry houfe and Chaple, with 
the ground adioyninge to John Goodrugge and Agnes his wife, and his heires, 
whofe fonne Thomas aliened the fame to Thomas Gibbens and his heires, who by 
his will dated 24. Apritt : A° 18. Jacobi, (inter alia,) devifed the fame to John his 
fecond fonne and his heires, who by his Deed dated 23 . Oclobr . Anno 3? Caroli, 
fold the fame to ffortune Came widowe and her heires, By whofe death in 14'? regis 
Caroli, the fame difcended to Thomas Came her fonne and heire, As an office found 
the fame yeare after her death fheweth ; Holden (as the reft of thofe poffeffions of 
the kinge as of his manor of Wakefeild in the county of Yorke, in free foccage, by 
fealty only and not in Capite, for all fervices. | 

'Cl)C fecond of December, kinge Edward the third in the xxj'! 1 yeare of his 34 
raigne, granted to Thomas lord Berkeley (the third lord of that name) and Faires in Newport 
his heires, To have two faires yearly to bee holden in his towne of Newport, the 
one on the vigill, day, and morrow of the tranflacon of S! Thomas Becket, which 
is alfo the day of S' Marcialis, vfually the vij* day of July : And the other on the 
vigill, day, and morrow of S5 Maurice, which is alfo S' Mathewes day, vfually the 
xxj* day of September ; with all liberties to fuch faires appertaininge, which later 
is a iuft weeke after the faire at Wotton. The choice of which two Saints daies 
may feeme to bee in an honorable memoriall of his owne name, and of the lord 
Maurice his eldeft fonne, who fucceeded him : And of the Chantries hee had there 
a little before founded to the honor of S' Maurice : ffor which ffaires, fee the Charter 

roll 



40 $itntuxt> of 25crhclcp 

roll in the tower of London, 22 . E. 3 . membr. 11. And the Record in banco 
Cci, in Hillary terme . 1. H. 4. Rot. 187. Glouc. 

Scatteringly in every of the hamblets within this manor or Tithinge of Alking- 
ton, hath much Marie been anciently digged, of divers colours and temperatures, 
for the compoftinge and inritchinge both of arrable and pafture ground ; the 
frequent vfe wherof in 7 or 8 places of remarkeable note and greatnes, now called 
Marie Marie pitts and Marie pooles, continued till the times of H. 6. and E. 4. who almoft, 
in their contentions about the Crowne, defolated and laid waft a great part of this 
parifh of Berkeley ; As alfo did the contentions in the fame times, betweene the 
heires generall and the heires male of the family of the lord Berkeley, vnhappily 
meetinge togeather in the fame age, (wherof read more in the Defcription of Berke- 
ley towne,) fince which time, that hufbandry, neither in this nor other manors round 
about, hath byn recontinued, to the great hindrance of the hufbandman. 

Sandridge. 2tn& m Sandridge, a parcell of the great chace or wood called Michael wood, 

was one called Wylotts marlepitt, Out of which Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond 
of that name, in the time of kinge Edward the firft, and in the 2, 8, 10, and other 
yeares of kinge Edward the fecond, fold and granted great quantities of marie to 
fuch donees as hee gave lands vnto in tayle, and enfeoffed in fee fimple, (wherof I 
have written elfewhere in the life of that lord,) for amendment of fuch their lands 
foe conveyed, both for betteringe the graffe, and breedinge of corne ; As the Deeds 
and Reeves accompts of thofe times doe witnes : The like hee and other lords his 
anceftors and fucceffors did alfo in this and other their Manors in this hundred, As 
by like teftimony in Berkeley Caftle appeareth : And to fpeake in this place of this 
title of Marie all I doe intend in this defcription, (to which I fhall after referre what 
properly in other Manors was to have byn written,) when that lord Thomas in the 
time of kinge Edward the firft aliened a marie pitt in his manor of Cowley, nowe 
called the Marie poole, to one William Hathermare and his heires, hee referved 
35 fuch a quantity of Marie to bee therout digged, (though hee had | others in the 
fame manor,) as fhould yearly fuffice for his owne demefne lands. 

3tnb however many men of leffe Judgement may thinke otherwife, yet the 
wifeft fort of men and beft naturalifts are perfwaded, that there fcarce is a manor 
in England, either fubfiftinge wholly of barren grounds, or in part, (which is the 
condicon of this hundred,) but hath in it a Marie as they terme it : That is, a fatt 
earth as I terme it : bee it of what kinde or colour foever ; bee it Chalke, fand, 
clay, turfe, ftone, or otherwife, either to bee burned or vnburned ; which will helpe 

and 



9lIfeington 4' 

and inritch the ground, as much or more then dunge, to be digged out of its proper 
bed and ground, at one fadome, 2. 3. 4. or 5. or perhaps fomwhat deeper in the 
wombe of the earth ; fome of which by the revolucon of time have in fome places 
byn turned to lyme or lymeftone ; And againe this lyme in fome places is growne 
to a finer mould, even to chalke, which is the perfection of all marie : And where 
none of theis as yet feeme to appeare or abound, (nature havinge not as yet wrought 
her felfe to her fulnes,) I would advife that the ingenious landed man would with an 
augur borer or percinge worme, (as once my felfe did in the village wherin I live,) 
fearch in the deepeft part of his earth where the fame lyeth hid, for moft men are 
perfwaded, and I with them, that fhallow or deepe, hee may finde marie vpon his 
land : If it bee vnctious and clammy then it is fat and ritch : And as marles are of 
fundry colors, fo different likewife in their goodnes : Of colours, fome marles are 
red, fome yealowe, fome gray, fome blewe ; All which (of what colour foever) 
are good, if they bee oily and flippery as fope, and mixed with earth ; as alfo 
weake, if it bee incorporated with gravell, ftone, or fand : The red marie generally 
is the worft, vnles it lye neere vnto the blewe ; for the bed I fuppofe that is in this 
hundred is the blewe for operacon ; which, when the hufbandman hath met withall, 
as vndoubtedly hee may if the fault bee not in himfelfe, let him glory that hee hath 
mett with a treafure, able to fupply his owne and countries neceffities : And let God 
have the honor by his acknowledgement. 

2£>Ut let him take this as a Caveat, that at the firft marlinge of his ground that 
hee plowe not with broad or deepe furrowes, but narrowe, leaft hee throwe his 
marie into the dead mould ; ffor the nature of marie is, as the wifeft have obferved 
and written, to fend all its goodnes downwards, and for that caufe muft not bee 
buried too deepe, but ftill kept aloft vpon the vpper mould : And in this it differeth 
much from dunge or mucke, which fpend their vertue vpwards and will afcend by 
their mifty vapour fpringinge vp to the face on the ground, though they bee buried 
deeper then they ought to have beene. ffor the hartninge of out-worne grounds I 
have obferved other remedies, wherof my felfe have made fome vfe, not without 
profit, as one of you knoweth ; As with the foyle of old ditches, and with fand ; | 
and by transferringe and temperinge frefh earth brought from lay grounds with my 36 
overfpent mould, as I have heard they vfe in Devonfhire ; And to add tough clay 
to the tender fandy ground ; for the one is life and fprightfull to the other, beinge 
foe incorporated, fpecially moift with the dry. 

<!l>nc of you, then my fervant, may remember that finkinge of a broad well in 
the bafe court where I dwell, not farre from my ftable doore, about the Tenth yeare 

of 

G VOL. Ill 



42 ^unorco of -Srrhrkp 

of kinge James, That at fower fathom deepe or thereabouts, (havinge before paffed 
through a fmall blewifh rocke,) I drew vp a blew clay or marie, which beinge after- 
wards caft vpon a parcell of poore arrable land in the feild called Peckam, proved 
foe rich that my cropp for more then ten yeares after, without any helpe or addita- 
ment, was more then treble in value and goodnes to any other part of that feild, 
foe farre as that blew marie was fpread. 

£f)Orrfp after which I prcured divers colliers from Coventry city fide with 
their borers and other inftruments, to come to Nibley, who affayinge in that this 
and other villages adioyninge, found in divers places of each of them, at different 
depthes, fuch flimy oyly and vnctuous earthes, that I affured my felfe they would 
proove ritch marles : But for cole, (the principall obiect I then iooked after,) I 
received noe comfort at all. Howbeit, fuch hath ever fince beene my conftrayned 
imployments and troubles of life, enforcinge my abfences from home moft parts of 
each yeare, That to this day 1639 I have not purfued the fame; which is foe 
knowne, that one of you lately verifyed in a pleafant manner thofe my abfences, by 
my plantinge of a cherry orchard a fewe yeares before I digged that well, (the trees 
wherof are now growne paft their ftrength and in decay,) and yet I have not byn 
any one yeare at home in the time of their ripenes to taft that fruit, to this day, as 
one of you obferved, and affirmed : To which hufbandry, of plantinge tillage and 
manuringe of the ground, as the only vocation wherein Innocency remaineth, I 
willingly would perfwade and encourage ; bringinge alfo more pleafure quiet and 
reft in that cuntry life, by takinge the benefit of the ground, then any other, payinge 
alfo her creditor with foe profitable an vfury. when others in other callings in Cities 
and market townes, doe but feeke meanes and bufy themfelves how to deceive and 
beguile one another, as though it were the perfection of their tradinge. 

c Ofitf)rr would I have any hufbandman ignorant, but that much good is to bee 
done and profitt rayfed in corne and graffe, by water frefh and fait : And by obferv- 
inge alfo the difference of Earthes, in makinge the earth of one clofe or feild to 
fupply the defecl: of another, and fo interchangeably tempered to an excellent 
benefitt, wherof I have in a fmall quantity made a fufficicnt tryall ; Theis and the 
like hufbandries, this tillage of the ground, I accompt the beft and moft harmleffe 
of all bodily exercifes, defpifed of none fave fooles ; ever by the wifeft fort held the 
moft noble, as fuftayninge the life of all men: which hath drawne mee alonge, (from 
37 the title of marie plentifully vfed of old, and 0. ill in this tithinge of | Alkington to 
bee found,) to this conclufion, with little or noe digreffion ; Referringe my reader 

for 



SUftmgton 43 

for more heerof to that which is afwell, or better written in M' Markams bookes of 
hufbandry, wherto in this place, I was not willinge to bee beholdinge. 

^'ll this Manor or Tithinge alfo, and in all or moft of this Hundred, the lords Bond fervants 
J 6 " _ .or Villeins. 

therof have had divers villeins or bondfervants imployed in the hufbandries therof 

vnder the overfight of the Reeve of the Manor, who was their principall hufband- 

man, vntill the time of our laft civill warres betweene the houfes of Yorke and 

Lancafter ; Of whom I have feene many fales and grants by divers Deeds, fome 

of whom continued till the end of kinge Edward the fourth and beginninge of 

kinge Henry the vij ,h , when the laft manumiffion was by William lord Berkeley in 

this manor, that I have obferved. And I conceive, (which alfo a learned writer 

hath lately publifhed,) that the lawes concerninge Villenage are ftill in force, of which 

the lateft are the fharpeft ; But nowe, faith hee, and that moft truly in mine opinion, 

fince flaves were made free which were of great vfe and fervice, there are growne 

vp a rabble of Rogues cut purfes and the like mifcheivous men, flaves in nature 

though not in lawe : And if any thinke this kind of dominion not to bee lawfull, yet 

furely it is naturall : And certainly wee finde not fuch a latitude of difference in any 

creature, as in the nature of man ; wherin the wifeft excell the moft foolifh of men 

by farre greater degree then the moft foolifh of men doth furpaffe the wifeft of 

beafts ; And therfore when comiferacon hath given way to reafon, wee fhall finde 

that nature is the ground of mafterly power, and of fervile obedience which is therto 

correfpondent ; and a man is animal politicum, apt even by nature to comaund or 

to obey every one in his proper degree ; Take this alfo as a fmall or noe digreffion, 

wherof I intend to write noe more in any other Manor. 

^Tll JJnpmcnt of the ffifteene or Kingeffilver, (when it runneth,) the Manor of Fifteene, or 



Alkington is rated with Hineton ; And the onus or charge of both in the kings 
Exchequer is 9''.- 10 s 6? The deduction is — 3'. 1 3* 4 d The Remanet which is paid 
into the exchequer is, — 6 K ." 7* 2 d of which this manor or Tithinge of Alkington paies, 
— 3 1 ' 3 s 7 d And that of Hineton, iuft fo much more ; And heere note, for alto- 
geather, throughout this wholl defcription of this Hundred, That theis ffifteenthes 
and Tenthes at the firft were only raifed and levied vpon Corne, goods, and beafts; 
But now in moft places are raifed vpon land : The cuntry people payinge the 
ffifteenth part, And the Inhabitants of Cities and Townes the Tenth part, of their 
goods, whervpon they are called Tenths and ffifteenthes, And that the deduclion 38 
of— 3 1 ': 3 s 4 d . formerly mentioned, is part of Six thoufand pounds deducted for the 
decayes which the Civill warres had made in Citties and country villages, in moft 
parts of the land, whereof fee more before, pag : 5 3tlt0 

g 2 



Kingfilver 



44 ^irnorcb of 23crftricp 

Subfedy men. 3CltD at the ratinge of the Subfedy in A° 5'? Regis Caroli were in this tithinge 

fourteene Subfedy men, which paid — 4'!- 1 7* 4 d . 

Able men. 3CjiD of able men for the warres, betweene 20 . and 60 . yeares old, were in 6'? 

Rf Jacobi, which appeared before Henry lord Berkeley then Lieutenant of the 
County at a generall Mufter. — 106. 

Soldiers. 5Clib now are of trayned Souldiers vnder Wittm Thorpe Efq^, their Captaine 

— 2i, whereof 7 . Corfletts, and 14 . mufketts. 

2lnD if the wholl Devifion of Berkeley, accompted a fourth part of the county, 
bee rated in any tax for the kinge or comon welth at — ioo 1 '-, This hundred of 
Berkeley paies thereof — 33'!' 3', And this Manor or tithinge — 15 s , And fo after that 
proportion bee the tax more or leffe. 

ffrccl)oID0 in ttic Cirtjingc of 2Uhimjton. 

Jll this tithinge are many auncient freeholds, the feverall Inheritances of 
fundry men, which with their tenures doe enfue ; which to afcertaine hath proved 
my longeft labour, viz!, 

Purnells land ^J|n the hamblet called Dangervills Wicke, aunciently written, de Angervill, 

i s angervi s. anc j j e Angervillis, \ s an ancient meffuage with divers lands therto belonginge, 
containinge about 52 . acres, fome parts wherof (as alfo the meffuage it felfe,) are in 
Nybley, the inheritance of John Purnell, whofe father Thomas Purnell in Eliz. 

purchafed the fame of Richard Warner and Wittm his father, And hee in 
of Nicholas Snell Efq,, ; And were before the lands of John fonne of Richard 
Dangervill, and before of Henry fonne of Roger Dangervill, lyinge for moft parts 
by Clay pitts greene ; and are holden of this Manor of Alkington by the ffiftieth 
part of a knights fee, fute of court, and the yearly rent of — 2* 6"?, which Thomas 
lord Berkeley the fecond of that name by his Deed in the Eighth yeare of kinge 
Edward the fecond gave to Nicholas Dangervill and the heires of his body, referv- 
inge the faid rent and fervices. ffrom the firname of which family of the Dangervills, 
this place lyinge in Wike, hath taken it's name. 

ffor fomwhat more of this land fee the will of the faid Thomas Purnell in 22. 
Jac : 1620. And the office found after his death fhortly after, Anno pCt. Co : roll of 
Alk. 36. H. 8. Joties Dangervill obijt. Rent 2 s 6'! Walter eft fit et heres | 

3(n 



3Mhinston 

5'n this tithinge is an ancient meffuage and divers lands therto belonginge 39 



45 



containinge 60. acres, anciently reputed one yard land, comonly called Motuns land, nowe Curn0( ! ks 
wherof Robert lord Berkeley in the time of kinge Richard the firft by Deed en- Popes, and 
feoffed Adam Motun in fee : And after in the time of kinge Henry the third, the 
land of Walter Motun, And in the time of kinge Edward the firft, of Geffry Motun, 
And after of Sundry others of the fame firname, from whofe feizin the name of 
$^OtlUl£ itinfc is faftned vpon it to this day, 1639. 



At length it difcended vpon fower daughters, wherof one called Ellen, who 
died in 22. H. 7. was maryed to Thomas Curnocke, who had iffue betweene them 
Thomas, who dyed 16. H. 8, leavinge iffue Nicholas Curnocke, who dyed Eliz. 
levinge iffue William yet livinge 1639, aged, 87, who ft ill holds the fame; Which 
Wittm Curnocke alfo in 39. Eliz. by fyne purchafed one other fourth part therof of 
Walter May, fonne of Robert, who dyed 23. Eliz. before his father Walter May, 
who dyed 27. Eliz. fonne of Thomas May who dyed H. 8. fonne of Edmond 
May and of Jone his wife, one other of the aforefaid 4. daughters and coheires ; 
And the faid Thomas May fonne of Edmond in 8. H. 8. fold his faid fourth part to 
Thomas Hefkins, which afterwards hee again repurchafed. And the other halfe 
of the faid yard land, is now the inheritance of Thomas Pope, which hee in 
Caroli, purchafed of William Trotman of Buckover, fonne and heire of Thomas 
Trotman of Durfley, who dyed in 4'? Jacobi, havinge before in 29 . Eliz. repurchafed 
the fame of one other Thomas Curnocke (fonne of Robert, fonne of Thomas 
Curnocke) which Thomas Curnocke alfo, in 40. Eliz. purchafed 2. acres in Achinton 
parcell of this moity of Anthony Huntley, who purchafed the fame of the faid 
Thomas Curnocke, fonne of Robert ; And three other acres of land in Achinton, 
and halfe an acre in Wickam meadowe, parcell alfo of this halfe yard land, was 
by Thomas Pegler purchafed in 29 . Eliz. of the faid Thomas Curnocke, which now 
is the inheritance of John Smith fonne of John Smith of Heathfeild, who pur- 
chafed the fame of Richard Pegler fonne and heire of the faid Thomas. Which 
whole yard land is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his Manor of Alkington, 
by knight fervice, fuite of court, and the yearly rent of xxiiij"! wherof the faid 
William Curnocke paies — xij? and Thomas Pope other xij* 



f$CCtC alfo in the Hamblet called Goldefwike, and in other places in this Manor Withes lands, 
,,.„.. 1.111 • • 1 now Curnocks 

not farre from Clay pits greene, are divers lands and tenements containinge about ^ 

acres, anciently, called Withes lands, denominated from the fomtimes owners 

therof: wherof John With, written John le vith, lived in the beginninge of kinge 

Edward 



46 ftunorcD of ©ctftdrp 

40 Edward the third, And was a feoffee in | truft to Thomas lord Berkeley the third of 
that name, in thofe conveyances wherby hee entailed this and his other manors in 
this hundred, with his Barony, to the heires males, in the xxiij'! 1 of that kinge : 
In the end of whofe raigne lived James With : After whom, Thomas With of Thorn- 
bury in the time of kinge Henry the Sixt : who was father of John With, father 
of Richard, father of Thomas With, (written alfo Wight,) who left iffue Cicely, 
married to Wittm Lauerence,) fomtime Steward of this and divers other Manors to 
Henry lord Berkeley, A place hee held till the xix th of Qu : Eliz : when hee died:) 
who by his faid wife, (an inheritrix of divers faire lands in that parifh of Thornbury,) 
left iffue James Laverence, who by fyne and other conveyances in 27. Eliz. fold the 
fame to William Curnocke of Nybley, who yet lives and holds the fame, 1639. 
And are holden by fuite of Court to this Manor, and by the yearly rent of — xij? ffor 
which lands fee the Records of Trin terme in the xxix'. h of Queene Eliz : with the 
Remembrancer to the lord Treforer, in the Exchequer, Rot : difcharginge them 
from a tenure of the kinge. 

Cromes lands ©CCTC alfo in the hamblet of Wodford, (foe called from the fourd or paffage 

now a s. over t j ie water ky t h e wooc j called Michaelwood,) are divers lands containinge 
about nyne acres, vfually called Cromes lands, now the inheritance of William Hall 
iufi, in minority, fonne of Wittm Hall, fonne of Edward, brother of William Hall 
thelder, lately deceafed ; which Wittm Hall thelder purchafed of Richard Crome, 
fonne of Thomas Crome who died 39 . Eliz : fonne of Richard Crome, who pur- 
chafed the fame of Robert Harrold, fonne of John Harrold, who died 3 . Eliz. who 
purchafed the fame of John Hey ward, who had them from the heires of 
Toyte, And to Walter Toyte and Johan his wife, and the heires of their bodies, 
did Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that name, by two Deeds, the one in the 
eleaventh the other in the i4 l . h of kinge Edward the fecond, give the fame ; Referv- 
inge the yearly rent of — viij* vj<! and fix capons, which are paid at this day, or xviij? 
in money in lieu of the capons, And a tenure by knights fervice : and though the 
faid rents were the full value of the faid 9 . acres at the time of the faid guift in 
taile, yet the owners pay — 13 s 4I more, as a rent fecke 1 to Chriftopher Purnell fecond 
fonne of Thomas ; ffor which fute in the court of Wards of late was in the minority 
of John Purnell elder brother of the faid Chriftopher, againft the faid Wittm Hall 
th'elder, which fet the faid rent afoote. 

Co: 

1 Rent feet, or dry rent, is where a man by deed paflcth his Euate to another and referves to himfelf and 

his heirs. [Ed.] 



IMfungton 47 

Co : roll of Alk. 30. H. 8, John Toite died feized of divers lands. Releefe 
for doble rent, — 18! 6 d And Alice Toite the daughter of Walter Toite brother of 
the faid John his heire. | 

3Cl£o in the faid hamblet of Woodford are divers lands and tenem'? containinge 41 
about 23. acres called Davis lands, now the inheritance of Thomas Came, holden Davis land, now 
by knight fervice, fute of court, to the manor of Alkington, and the yearly rents of 
— 17! and of 12?, which Arthur Cam father of the faid Thomas and ffortune his 
wife, by Deed and other Conveyances in 5'° Jacobi Regis, (as the Court roll of 
Alkington of that yeare fheweth,) purchafed to them and their heires (perticulerly 
named and bounded in the Deed,) of Edward Davis, fonne of Thomas Davis, 
brother of John Davis, fonnes of John Davis thelder, who died in 27 . H. 8 . as 
by an Office after his death, and by his Will therein found, appeareth : And as by 
another office after the death of the faid ffortune Came in 14. Rf Caroli, which 
derive the title and tenure as above ; As alfo the death of Arthur Came, and the 
furvivinge of his wife: Togeather with the perticuler names of the clofes and lands. 



£f)C faid Thomas Came holds alfo to him and his heires, one Meffuage and 
nyne acres of land in Nuport aforefaid, which hee in Rf Caroli, purchafed 

of John Atkins a yonger fonne of Robert Atkins, who in the vij* of kinge James 
purchafed the fame of mee John Smyth, and I the fame of James Laverence in the 
40 th of Qu : Eliz : who was fonne of Wittm Laverence, who died in ic/! 1 Eliz., 
fonne of Richard Laverence, who purchafed the fame of John Dofie, fonne of 
Robert Dofie ; And were before the lands of Richard Allien, And before of Roger 
Mortimer, And before of Walter le gripp, and of Alice his wife, daughter of Maud, 
daughter and heire of Roger Nattocke, who lived in the time of kinge Henry the 
third ; And are holden of George now lord Berkeley as of his Manor of Canon- 
bury, by knight fervice, fuit of Court to that Manor, by heryot fervice, And the 
yearly rent of — 4' to that manor of Canonbury, and 12*! to this manor of Alkington ; 
Of theis lands (as the Court roll in 18. R. 2 . fheweth,) Ifable Dofy dyed feized, 
held by knight fervice, And — 4! 8? rent to this manor of Canonbury, and paid an 
heriott, And 3? 4I for a Releefe, whofe fonne and heire was Wittm Dofye then 30 . 
yeares old. Of which Canonbury, and the lord Henry Berkeleis purchafe thereof, 
fee after in fol : 145. 



Cams land, late 
Atkins, 
olim Dofies 



3'n Dangervils Wike aforefaid, at Clay pits greene, vpon kite hill, are certaine Cutcrofts, late 
clofes of pafture ground called Cutcrofts, now the inheritance of Wittm Cole gent, now coles. ' 

and 



4.8 JpunDrcb of 23crfericp 

and late of Robert Evans ats Taylor, who about 36. Eliz. purchafed the fame of 
Mathew Legg, fonne of John Legg and Jone his wife daughter and heire of Doll- 
inge ats Jobbins, whofe Anceftor Richard Dollinge in the ffifteenth yeare of kinge 
Edward the fecond purchafed the fame of John of ffroucefter, fonne of Thomas of 
Cowley and of Margaret de Hagely his wife ; And are holden of this manor 
of Alkington by knight fervice, fute of court, and the yearly rent of — ijl ffor which 
fee the court roll of Alkington . $7- Eliz. | 

42 3£ltD this William Cole aforefaid holdeth alfo by knight fervice, fute of court 

1 : and the yearly rent of — ob., three acres of land in Clayfeild within this manor of 
Coles land late 

Dangervills. Alkington, late Thomas Coles of Briftoll, fomtimes the land of John Parfons, and 

before of Merricke, And before of David Dangervill, and of I fable his wife ; To 

whom and the heires of their bodies, Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that 

name in E. gave the fame. 

Coles land, late 3I n JOifec aforefaid, within this Tithinge of Alkington, is an ancient meffuage 

Hoopers. ^-^ , 2 acres f ] anc ] by e ftimac6n therto belonginge, conionly called and knowne 
by the name of Hoopers, now the inheritance of Richard Cole gent, fonne of 
Thomas Cole, late the land of Arthur Cam of Wike, and by him in the 44'!" yeare 
of Qu : Eliz: purchafed of Richard Crome fonne of Richard and of Jone his wife 
daughter of John Doofy, who vpon maryage of the faid Jone in 21. Eliz. as her 
maryage portion conveyed the fame to her in fee ; which by an anceftor of his of 
the fame name of John Doofy was in t>7- H. 6. purchafed of John Hooper fonne 
of Hooper. 

And are holden of George lord Berkeley as of his Manor of Canonbury by 
knight fervice, fute of Court, to that Manor, and the yearly rent of — 3! 4? And 
by heriot fervice. Out of which alfo ij d . is yearly paid to this manor of Alkington. 

And becaufe the familyes of the firname of Cole held in this and other tithings 
in this hundred divers faire poffeffions, take heere their pedegree, which I conceive 
to bee true. 

William Cole lived at Avonfcourt within this tithinge of Alkington in the time 
of kinge Henry the fixt : And had iffue Thomas Cole who there alfo lived, and left 
iffue Maurice Cole : which Maurice had iffue three fonnes, viz! 1 Edmond, 2 John, 
and 3 Thomas, which Thomas dyed without iffue. The faid Edmund had iffue 
Thomas and Maurice. 

Thomas 



SCIftington 

Thomas had iffue Richard, who had iffue ffortune maryed to Wittm Knight of 
fframpton vpon Severne. And of the faid Maurice brother of the faid Thomas are 
divers iffues. 

John Cole fecond brother of Edmond had iffue Thomas, and Richard Cole ; 
which Thomas Dyed 1607. A° 5. Jacobi, levinge iffue Wittm Cole of Briftoll, and 
ffortune married to Arthur Came late of Wike, who have iffue Thomas Came, and 
others. 

And the fajd Wittm had iffue Richard, Thomas, Wittm, and Jofeph, and two 
daughters. 

The faid Richard Cole brother of Thomas fonnes of John, died in 41. Eliz. 
without iffue. q : if any. | 



49 



3'n Wike in this Tithinge of Alkington, neere to Nuport, is an ancient 43 
Meffuage with divers lands therto belonginge of old efteemed halfe a yard land, j ate Cumocks. 
now the inheritance of Thomas Trotman, fonne of Wittm Trotman of Buckover in olim Defies. 
the parifh of Thornbury ; And of Thomas Pope of Stinchcombe, and others. 
Which by Thomas Trotman of Durfley father of the faid Wittm, were in Anno 
purchafed of Thomas Curnocke, of old written Crannoc, fonne of Thomas, 
fonne of Curnocke : And were before the lands of John Doofy, And are 

holden of George lord Berkeley as of his Manor of Canonbury, by fute of Court, 
And by the yearly rent of 1 3* 4"? wherof Thomas Pope for acres therof, which 

hee lately purchafed of the faid William Trotman, is apportioned to pay — 
And Simon Munday ats Munden for 7. yeares [fie ? acres] therof inclofed called 
Pennings purchafed of Trotman paieth . And Samuell Belcher 

holdeth aclofe called Charlecroft with an houfe theron built, containinge 3 acres : 
And 2 acres of pafture in a clofe called Howcroft by Bolgrove in 2. pcells, And 
two other pcells in the fame clofe containinge halfe an acre ; which hee by Deed 
dated 1. Novembf. A° 15. Rf Caroli purchafed of William Curnocke the elder: 
And is apportioned to pay — 



3C130 in the forefaid hamblet of Woodford is an ancient meffuage and 14. acres Beales lands 

of land called Hefkens, the inheritance of William Beale of Nibley, which hee ^- e ^ ld ges 

J ' ohm Heikins. 

purchafed of Richard Bridges late of Combe, fomtime the lands of John Smyth ats 
Barnfdall, who died in , and before of James Smyth ats Barnfdall father of 

the 



5Q 



J^unorcti of 23crhricp 

the faid John, who died i° Eliz. fonne of , holden of this 

manor of Alkington by fute of Court, and the yearly rent of — x* viij d . 



Hofpitall ot 

Bedminftre lands. 

late Nevills. 



44 



2Uso in the hamblet of Wike and in other places within this tithinge of 
Alkington, and in Wanfwell, are certaine lands and tenements late parcell of the 
poffeffions of the hofpitall of S' Katherine in Bedminftre by Briftoll, founded by 
Robert lord Berkeley the fecond of that name in the beginninge of the raigne of 
kinge Henry the third, as in his life I have elfwhere written. To which lands, fup- 
pofed to bee concealed, Queene Elizabeth was entitled by Inquificon, and granted 
the fame away in fee : which afterwards by attainder againe returned to her : who 
againe firft granted the fame to hold of her by knights fervice in Capite ; And 
after againe To hold in coirion Soccage : Theis lands whereof I heere write, 
(wherof John Knight of Wike holds 25 acres in Wike for his life, And Thomas 
Hody of Briftoll 100. acres in Wanfwell in fee,) came to Thomas Sackvile created 
lord Buckhurft and after Earle of Dorfet, and his Co-feoffees, who aliened a great 
part of the poffeffions of that hofpitall, And after conveyed the refidue to ffrancis 
Nevill Efq^, who by his further fales | hath much alfo difperfed the fame : And 
theis are now the inheritance of the faid Thomas Hody, cozen and heire of Thomas 
Hody, who purchafed the fame of the faid ffrancis Nevill as aforefaid. 



Maurice lord Berkeley the firft of that name, in the time of kinge Henry the 
fecond, gave to the Abbot of S! Auguftines by Briftoll (inter alia) one yard land in 
Alcrinton, (foe written,) which was afterwards confirmed to the Monaftery by the 
lord Thomas his fonne, about the 4* of H. 3. which confirmacon fee after fol : [64.] 
This continued with the Monaftery till the diffolucon therof in 31. H. 8, And was 
after, in , granted in fee to 

ffreames lands. <T£n this Manor alfo are divers lands neere the place called Claypitts greene, 

the inheritance of Thomas ffreame of Lipiatt, wherof read more in the defcripcon 
of H aimer . fol : 220. 



Thorps lands. Ij^ccrc alfo are divers lands and tenements late the inheritance of George 

Thorpe Efq^, And were of late in the vnderholdinge of John Windowe, and are 
nowe the feverall inheritances of George Haynes of Rockhampton, Thomas Tindall 
now the kings Ward, for three acres of land in Achinton, and of John Smyth of 
Heathfeild for , all late parcell of Wanefwell Court, 

wherof read more in Hame and Wanefwell fol : 209. et 367. 368. 

tyccve 



3UiIfcrton alta^ SCpIbccton— 3Mmoirt>cjj6urp 



5' 



ffrCCVC alfo in Woodford and Swanley Thomas Came of Newport holdeth one Chantry lands 
clofe called Kingcraft and three acres in little Ryam, which ffortune Came his and Swanley. 
mother, (whofe heire hee is,) by Deed dated 10 Oclobr. 14. Jac, Rf purchafed of 
James Baily, who lately before (inter alia) purchafed the fame of Edmond Pyke, 
And hee theis and others in Stone and other places, of John Ady the younger, 
fonne of John, who had the fame of , And were part of 

Stone Chantry, wherof read in fol : 356. 

fl©atforD, A fpacious plaine and fertile meadowe of an 100 acres or more, the Matford mead, 
trayninge place of the difciplined or trayned foldiers of the Villages therabouts, 
within the tithinge of Alkington : The inhabitants wherin pretend their ill cuftome, 
viz! hand over head, pell mell, on Lammas day, to thruft in all manner of their 
Cattell, whether they have any ground therin or not ; wherby the herbage to the 
fmall benefit of any one is in one weeke or fooner eaten vp and confumed ; The 
breakinge day wherof of ancient vfage as they fay, is Lammas day the firft of 
Augufl. J 



45 



&9irf)aclto00b al£ ai9uricto00l> : Is a vaft wood neere 1000 acres, of old much 
more ; A meere folitude vninhabited and vncultivated place it was, as alfo were the Michaelwood 
parts of this Cuntrey next adioyning ; But from the time of kinge R. 1. induftry 
and inclofings of many pcells therof on every fide havinge foe prevailed in each age 
fince, As at this day through the hufbandries ftockings grubbings and other culti- 
vatinges therof, and foe replenifhed with houfes and people round about the fkirts 
and in the body therof, as it may probably bee defended, That there is noe weald, 
woody part or michaelwood at all : Which I had rather vndertake to doe, then 
certainly to pronounce, either when of old it began, or when it made an end. I 



8tlbertort als Qylbevton. 

See Elberton . fol : 182. 



46 blank 



UtlmonDcgtmrp : In Domefday booke written Almodefberie, Id eft Almodes 
Court or the place of Affembly ; A manor wherof Thomas Chefter Efq^ is lord, 

holden 



47 



52 ^imorcD of 23crferiep 

holden by knight fervice in Capite, viz', the ffortieth part of a knights fee ; The 
demefnes wherof as that booke fheweth confifted in the time of Wittm the 
Conqueror of two hides of land. 

This Townfhip or Manor was amongft divers others given by kinge Henry 
the fecond in the firft yeare of his raigne to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his 
heires, vnder the grant of Berkelai et totam Berkelai herneffe manerium, cum 
omnibus appendicijs fuis : Howbeit that Robert had the fame by a former grant 
from the faid kinge Henry in the time of kinge Stephen, when the faid Henry was 
but Duke of Normandy. 

Vpon Eafter day then the xj'! 1 of Aprill in the xiij* yeare of the raigne of kinge 
Stephen, in the yeare of our lord 1148, the fower Bifhops of Worcefter, Exceter, 
Landaffe, and S' Afaph, confecrated the Church and buildings which the faid Robert 
had built neere to the Towne of Briftoll, dedicatinge them to God and to S' 
Auguftine the Englifh Apoftle ; then newly by the faid Robert built vpon his manor 
of Bilefwike, at the place fince called S! Auguftines greene, and then induclinge the 
Abbot and Cannons; And (amongft other poffeffions,) then endowed that Church 
and Monaftery by his Deed, which hee laid downe vpon the Aulter there, with 
this manor of Almondefbury, the manor of Horfeild, the manor of Afhelworth, the 
manor of Cromall, (fince called Cromall Abbotts,) and with divers lands and tene- 
ments in Arlingham, with halfe of his fifhings there, and the Tyth of the other 
halfe, with the Churches and Advowfons of Berkeley, of Wotton, of Cromall, of 
Beverflon, of Afhelworth, and of this Almondefbury, and of all other his Churches 
and advowfons of Berkeley herneffe, with all their Chaples and lands in the county 
of Glouc, To hold in ffrankalmoigne ; And wills in his faid deed that the fame vpon 
his bleffinge fliould quietly bee enioyed ; wherof fee a confirmacon fol : 64. 

The firft Abbot now {tailed vpon the foundacon was UicfjartJ, who dyed 4 
Septembr. 1 1 86. 

5'oljn was the fecond Abbot, who dyed 12. ffebf. 121 5. 

So?cpt\ was tne third Abbott, who lived but 31. weekes after his eleccon ; 
And becaufe hee dyed 17 Sept. 12 16 before his inftalment, is not reckoned as one 
of the Abbotts in fome old collections. 

DatliD was the fourth Abbot, who refigned and after dyed 5. Julij 1253. 

William 



3Mmont>c£burp 53 

IBifltaitl DC 25rabgton was the 5 th Abbot, eledted the 21'!" of May 1234, vpon 
his predeceffors refignacon ; who alfo refigned the io'! 1 of Auguft 1242 . And after 
dyed the 20 th of May . 1252. | 

IPiliiiim Hongc was the fixt Abbot, elected vpon the refignacon of Bradfton, a$ 
and dyed 17 . Maij. 1264. 

HicharD of Sl^ahnegburp was the feaventh Abbott, who dyed the 13*? of 
September 1276. 

Sloljn DC S^arilta was the 8* Abbot, who dyed the 21 th of ffebf : 1286. 

J^ligll DC SDobillffton was the 9'! 1 Abbot, who died the 26^ of November, 1294. 

*$amc& 25acrp was the 10 th Abbot, who died the xij th of Novembr : 1306. 

4EDni01lb DC ftnofl was the ii*? Abbot, who of new builded the Church and 
Veftiary from the foundacbn ; Hee procured from the Crowne a Confirmacon of all 
the poffefhons belonginge to the Monaftery, As by the Charter Rolls, 18. E. 1. 
membr. 69. And 6. E. 2. membr. 7. And 10. E. 2. ps. 2. membr. 29. in the tower 
of London appeareth ; And dyed 9° Junij . 1332. 

SlOftn i&HOtoC was the 12*? Abbot, who dyed 12 . Julij . 1341. 

n."v(l 3fi£ljC was the 13* Abbot, who dyed 1 . nJcij . 1353. 

iOilliam was the 14* Abbot, who refigned 1 . Oclobr. 1365, And dyed 8. Apr: 
1366. In whofe time it was found by Inquificon what lands the Monaftery was 
feized of; As by Efcaet. 45. E. 3. numero. 72. in the Tower of London appeareth. 

ipenrp £ftaUngforD al£ 2&Icburp was the 15 th Abbot, who dyed 2 . Decembr. 
1388. 

%0fy\\ Ccmcp was the 16* Abbot, who dyed 5 . Oclobf. 1393. 

3<0ftn DaUDClip was the 17*? Abbot, who dyed 16. Januar. 1428. 

JDaltCC |)ctDUltrp was the 1 8 th Abbot, who was fraudulently depofed for 5 . 
yeares fpace, and then reftored : And afterwards new built the Manor houfe of the 
Lo? of Almondefbury ; And dyed 3 . Sept. 1463. 

Chomag 



54 l^unDtcb of SScrfericp 

Zfyamag button was the 19'!" Abbot, (if to bee numbred in this Catalogue,) 
A man noted fubtilly to have vfurped for five years, and then caft out vpon the 
reftoringe of Newbery ; noted alfo to have wafted the goods of the Monaftery ; 
ffor which and other his mifdeeds noe memoriall of his death time or place of 
buriall was preferved. 

IB til Mill punt was the 20^ Abbot, who died 14 . mcij. 1481. 

3?0t)n ISctDlanb was the 21* Abbot, elect the 6'! 1 of Aprill 1481, Ruled his 
Monaftery 38 yeares and two months, And died 2 . Junij 15 15 . A . 7. H. 8. This 
is that Abbot that made that remarkeable collection and pedegree of his founders, 
drawinge downe the fame from William the Conquerors daies to the 5* yeare of 
kinge H. 7. where hee ended ; more then 20. times by mee vouched in all the three 
volumes of my 2ScrhcIcian hiftory. | 



49 



was the 22'!" Abbot, who dyed in the yeare of kinge 

Henry the viij* 

25urtOIt was the 23 th Abbot, who made the leafe of the Tithes of 
Hinton and Oldminfter barne to Anne lady Berkeley widowe, mother to Henry 
late lord Berkeley ; About which that great and tedious fuite was moved by Sir 
Thomas Throkmerton, who in the end carried it againft the faid lord Henry, 
wherof I have at large written in the life of that lord vnder the title of his Lawe 
fuits ; And died 1536, the fame yeare after hee had made the faid leafe, Anno . 28. 
H. S. [fo. 765.] 

Sl^organ <{3toiHm was the 24 th and laft Abbot, In whofe time, after hee had 
ruled three yeares, the Monaftery in 31. H. 8. was diffolved, And this Manor by 
that Act of Parliament given to that kinge ; who 15 . Apr. in the 36^ yeare of his 
raigne granted the fame in fee to Myles Partridge, And from him to Arthur Darcy, 
and from him and his brothers vnto Thomas Chefter Efquire, father of William, 
father of the faid Thomas Chefter, an eminent gent of much remarkeablenes in this 
hundred : who therin hath a parke well ftored with fallow deere, And in the fame 
a neate and well compacted lodge the feate of the owner ; who beautifieth it and it 
him, fince the death of his father in 4. Jac : 

This Manor as it were by an equall poize pertaketh with hill and dale ; vpon 
which hilly part hath lead in good plenty byn digged, To which the faire Caftle of 
Berkeley for part of her coveringe doth acknowledge her felfe beholdinge. 

The 



3Ghnontic0&urp 55 

The vvholl parifh is within the Dioceffe of the Bifhop of Briftoll, and not of 
Glouc ; As alfo of that Deanary. The Church wherof I take to bee a mother 
Church, honored with her two Chappells of ffilton and Elberton. 

iJlinjJC Edward the firft, the fecond of January in the 13* yeare of his raigne, 
then at Briftoll (as by Rot. Cart, in 18. E. 1. in arce London appeareth,) granted 
to the forefaid John de Marina then Abbot of the Monaftery of S' Auguftines by 
Briftoll, and to the Covent there, to have free warren in all their demefne land 
within this manor of Almondefbury, And in their manors of Horfeild and Cromall 
in the County of Glouc : And the 8'! 1 of May followinge in the fame yeare of his 
raigne, granted to the faid Abbot and Covent to have a market each Wednefday, 
and a faire each whitfonmunday, to endure for fix daies, in this their manor of 
Almondefbury. Which grant was by king Edward the fourth the firft of ffebr: in 
the i2'. h of his raigne recited and confirmed to Walter Hunt aforefaid the Abbot, 
as by the Patent roll of that yeare ps. 2. membr. 16. appeares. 

5in payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver (when it is granted by parliament,) Fifteene or 
this manor of Almondefbury paieth for a wholl — 3^ 2* ' g ' v r - 

5Hllb at the ratinge of the laft Subfedy in the 5^ of kinge Charles, were in this Subfedy men. 
Tithinge eight fubfedy men, who (befides the lord therof) paid — 56f | 

5tnb of able men for the warres, betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, were in the 50 
fixth of kinge James which appeared before Henry lord Berkeley then Leiutenant Able men. 
of this county at a generall mufter, — 27. 

9Cni> now are of trayned foldiers vnder Thomas Chefter Efc^ their Captaine Souldiers. 
. wherof Corflets, and mufkets. 

3Ctlt> if the whole Divifion of Berkeley accompted a fourth part of the county, Rates, 
bee rated in any taxe, for the kinge or comonwealth at — ioo'i- This hundred of 
Berkeley paies therof 33 1 ! 3 s - And this manor or Tithinge — 20? And fo after that 
proportion, bee the tax more or leffe. 



^n this parifh was an ancient and remarkeable Chantry, obvious in many Brokenbury 
records in the kings courts, called Brokenbury chantry, dedicated to the fervice of ° antry ' 
the bleffed Virgin Mary, varioufly tumbled and toffed in divers ages ; which bleffed 

virgin 



56 punorcS of 55crftdcp 

virgin by the Charter roll in the Tower of London in 5. H. 5. feemes to bee the 
tutelary faint and proteclrix of this parifh church of Almondfbury alfo, wherin this 
Chantry was founded. 

23p an Inquificon vpon an Ad quod damnum in the Tower of London in the 
Nynth yeare of kinge Henry the ffifth, it is found that William Turner and Alice 
his wife had byn feazed time out of minde of the manor of Brokenborrowe, (foe 
called, as indeed it anciently was,) vntill Henry Croke with violence eiecled them. 

3fa the 13. of H. 6. James lord Berkeley, (amongft other lands,) conveied the 
moity of the faid manor of Brokenburgh with the alternate courfe of prefentinge to 
the Chantry of our lady in Almondefbury to Thomas Berkeley his youngeft fonne, 
and to the heires of his body with divers Remainders over. 

3lftettDarb£ the fame part came to Maurice lord Berkeley the fixt Baron of 
that name, who in 15. H. 8. dyed feized of the 4'!* part of the Manor of Broken- 
burrowe with the Advowfon of the faid Chantry ; which difcended to the lord 
Thomas his brother and heire, and from him to the lord Thomas his fonne and 
heire, And from him to Henry lo/d Berkeley his fonne and heire, who in the fixth 
yeare of Queene Elizabeth for 200 1 ! fold to John Hollifter, Thomas Harper, and 
Margarett Wade of ffilton in the parifh of Almefbury, and their heires, All thofe 
his Meffuages lands and Tenements in the hambletts or parifhes of Brokenburrow 
and Almefbury accompted a fourth part of that manor: And covenants them to bee 
worth 4 1 ! p Arm. 

23p Inquificon in 4. H. 8, Thomas Ive is found to dye feazed of the Manor of 
Brokenborow within the parifh of Almondfbury, which difcended to Richard his 
fonne and heire, then 22. y r . s old. 

Doll) when and by whom the church of Almondefbury was firft given to the faid 
monaftery of S' Auguftines, and after appropriated for the feedinge of the Abbot 
and monks there, by the Bifhop of Worcester, in whofe Diocefe the fame then and 
cj till 34. H. 8., was; See after in | Berkeley fol : 

2Jp Inquificon in a° 5. Rf Jacobi, William Chefter Efquire is found to dye 
feized of the Manor of Almondefbury, holden of the kinge in Capite by the 40'!" part 
of a knights fee, And that Thomas Chefter then within age was his fonne and heire 
yeares old. 

IDlnct) 



3£j)Icrib0C 57 

JlTfjicl) Manor by the ffeodaries furvey in the Court of Wards the fame yeare, 
is found to extend into the Townfhips of Almondfbury, Hempton, Patchway, and 
Compton. | 



3llplcrillgC, ats Appulrugge, comonly knovvne by the name of the ffarme of 
Apleridge, Is at this day reputed parcell of the Manor of Hame within the parifh 
of Berkeley, the inheritance of George lord Berkeley, holden by knight fervice in 
Capite. A great part of this ffarme, (fomtime called the Manor of Apleridge,) hath 
fince the time of kinge Edward the fecond byn inclofed within the parke called 
Newparke ; And the refidue lyeth betweene that parke and the Village of Stone. 

This parcell of ground I conceive to have byn parcell of the manor of Berkeley, 
and granted by kinge Henry the fecond to the lord Robert and his heires, as parcell 
therof ; Who not longe after aliened the fame in fee, which in the fpace of 30 yeares 
or therabouts was repurchafed by the lord Maurice fonne of the faid Robert, in the 
later end alfo of the raigne of that kinge, for the faid Maurice dyed in the firft 
yeare of kinge R. 1. And foe ever fince hath gone alonge with the faid manor of 
Hame, and reputed, (as it may well bee faid to bee,) parcell of the manor of Hame 
at this day ; Howbeit the Inquificon in 42. E. 3. found after the death of the lord 
Maurice Berkeley, diftinguifheth it from the manor of Hame, and faith that in the 
manor of Aplerugge (inter alia) eft vnus parcus inclufus vocat le Newparke, qui nil 
valet vltra claufuram, quia herbagium inde depafcitur cum feris beftijs. In which 
reputacon of a Manor it is conveyed by Witim Marques Berkeley to kinge Henry 
the feaventh and the heires males of his body in the ffowerth of his raigne. And 
after the faid Marques death, was by Thomas Goodman Receivor and Supervifor 
to that kinge the 4'!* of ffebr : in the 21 th of his raigne demifed at 3" rent and heriot 
to Thomas Butler of Briftoll Marchant, by the name of the Manor of Appulrugge 
in Hame, for 61 yeares from the death of Edith Corbet widowe, which ended about 
the 12* yeare of Queene Elizabeth, what time a newe leafe for 21 yeares was by 
Henry then lord Berkeley, (the eftate taile of kinge Henry the feaventh then fpent 
in the death of kinge Edward the fixth,) granted to the faid Thomas Throkmerton ; 
whom the faid lord in few yeares after by the inftigacbn of his Officers Grantham 
and Huntley queftioned fomwhat harfhly for waft fuppofed to bee comitted by the 
leffee, in a coppice pcell therof ; wherof and of the ill effects which that fute after 

drew 

1 vol. in 



52 



58 I^iuiorcb of 25crhdcp 

drew on continuinge 7. yeares at leaft, I heere forbeare to write, havinge blotted 
many leaves in the relation thereof, in my third volume of the hiftory of the family 
of the Lords of Berkeley, writinge of that lords life, in the title of his Lawe fuites. | 



53 ^rlmgfyam 

SErlpngfjam alg <£rlinsf)am, In Domefdei booke written Erlingehame, is one of 
thofe five inferior manors or hamblets (parcell of the great Manor of Berkeley,) 
that adioyne to the river of Severne, And on that part or fide extendeth to the 
middle of the Channell wherfoever for the time the chanell is, which often changeth 
its courfe, as after in the defcription of Slimbridge I fhall have fitter occafion to 
write. 

It is a parifh of rich ground and faire extent, wherin till of late yeares have 
byn feverall manors, the inheritances of feverall lords, as after appeares ; The 
principall whereof is now the freehold of Richard Yate Efquire, fonne and heire of 
Thomas Yate an aged gent lately deceafed ; All of them within the Leet or Law- 
day of the Hundred of Berkeley, holden at Berkeley towne twice every yeare, 
wherat all the male inhabitants of this parifh above twelve yeares old make their 
appearance. 

CJjC demefnes of this manor in the time of William the Conqueror and before, 
as by Domefdei booke appeares, confifted of Nyne hides of land ; And was (with 
many other Manors,) granted by kinge Henry the fecond in the firft of his raigne 
to Robert the fonne of Hardinge, (wherby alfo hee was created Lord, and a Peere 
of the Realme,) to him and his heires : ffrom which lord Robert, who dyed in the 
17 th of that kinge, this manor of Arlingham (inter alia) difcended to the lord 
Maurice his fonne and heire, By whofe death in the firft yeare of kinge R. 1. the 
fame (inter alia) difcended to the lord Robert his fonne and heire, called Robert 
the fecond ; And from him, who died without iffue in the 4^ yeare of kinge Henry 
the third, to the lord Thomas his brother and heire, And from the faid lord Thomas, 
who dyed in the 28^ yeare of the faid kinge, to the lord Maurice his fonne and 
heire, called Maurice the fecond ; who by a fine levyed in the third yeare of kinge 
Edward the firft, gave this Manor of Arlingham to his two younger fonnes, Robert 
and Simon and their heires ioyntly, to hold of him and his heires by the yearly rent 

of 






SQrttnggam 59 

of one penny for all fervices and demaunds ; ffor which alienacon thus made with- 
out licence, And held by the faid lord Maurice by knight fervice in Capite, a pardon 
was had threefcore and five yeares after, As by Rot. finiu. 6. E. 3. membr. 16. in 
the tower of London, And by Original cum Rem Thefaur in Sccio. 6. E. 3. Rot. 
34. appeareth, Which Records till that yeare doe lay downe the Difcents as afore- 
faid. 

The faid Simon dyed not longe after the grant, without iffue, wherby this 
wholl Manor furvived and came to the faid Robert called Robert de Berkeley, then 
a knight, who by Jone his firft wife had iffue John, Thomas, Robert and I fable, of 
which three yonger children mention will bee made in other places of this hundred ; 
And after died about the 28^ of kinge Edward the firft. 

The faid John Berkeley, eldeft fonne of the faid S r Robert, dyed in the Tenth 
yeare of kinge Edward the fecond, leavinge iffue fower daughters, Elizabeth, 
ffelicia, Leticia, and Margaret, which were thus maryed ; viz!, Elizabeth (often alfo 
written Ifable) firft to James Wilton, | After to Thornhill, And thirdly to 54 

, yet left noe iffue by any of them ; ffelicia, I finde not to have 
byn maryed ; Leticia was maryed to John Weftmancote, who died 12 E. 3. and by 
him had iffue William Weftmancote, who by Margery his wife had iffue John and 
Wittm ; John fonne of John maryed Margery, and dyed about 8. H. 4. without 
iffue, And the faid Margery was after remaryed to Michaell Ap- Ithell, and dyed 
about 12. H. 6. And the faid Wittm Weftmancote brother and heire of the faid 
John dyed alfo without iffue in the time of king Henry the ffifth, in whom ended 
the iffue of the faid Leticia. 

Margaret the ffowerth and yongeft daughter was maryed to John atte Yate, an 
ancient gent dwellinge in Arlingham, who dyed in 36. E. 3. And after his death 
fhee was remaryed firft to Richard Afton, and after to Richard Staverton, but had 
noe iffue by either of them : And after dyed as I conceive in the time of kinge 
Richard the fecond, leavinge iffue John Atte Yate, who dyed about the ffifteenth of 
kinge Henry the fixt, leavinge iffue William Yate, (Atte left out of the name,) who 
was in ward to Richard Beauchampe Earle of Warwicke for a meffuage and a 
Carucate of land in Arlingham, the old inheritance of his Anceftors, holden of that 
manor by knights fervice, which the faid Earle then held as tenant by the curtefy 
of England, after the death of Elizabeth his firft wife, daughter and fole heire to 
Thomas lord Berkeley, who about the end of kinge Henry the fourth had gotten 
into the poffefiion of Weftmancotes part of this manor. 

The 

1 2 



6o 



JpunbreD of 23crhdcp 



The faid William Yate dyed about of kinge , 

leavinge iffue John Yate who dyed without iffue, And Richard Yate brother and 
heire of John ; which Richard dyed in 22. H. 8. leavinge iffue Walter Yate, who 
by J one his wife daughter and heire of John de Boxe had iffue Richard, and after 
dyed in 38. H. 8. Which Richard dyed in , leavinge iffue Thomas 

Yate, who in extreame old age dyed in 14. Regis Caroli, levinge iffue Richard Yate, 
a gent of much remarkeablenes in Arlingham, poffeffinge there the feate of his 
Anceftors, with opulent poffeffions, and an hopeful pofterity likely to fucceed him. 



Yates manor. 

Weflmancotes 
manor. 



55 



Cf)C laft mentioned Thomas Yate, by deed dated 20. Novembr : A° 8. Regis 
Jacobi, in confideracon of 700 1 ! purchafed of Henry lord Berkeley, an other Manor 
in Arlingham called Weftmancotes manor, and which in the partition betweene the 
faid daughters of John Berkeley was allotted to Lettice the wife of John Weftman- 
cote, wherby hee feemed to make the wholl againe intire, this his purchafe then 
beinge — 5 1 ! 12 s 8"! in cheefe rents paid by divers freeholders, And — 9 1 ! 9* 6 d . in 
Copihold and Indenture hold Rents ; Togeather alfo with the faid lands, feverall 
and free fifhings as farre as the manor or parifh of Arlingham doth reach and 
extend, And all felons goods Eftrayes &c. to the faid manor of Arlingham belong- 
inge, or reputed to belonge, (favinge to the faid lord and his heires) the liberty of 
all Royall fifhes in Severne, and favinge fute to his Leete and to his hundred Court 
of Berkeley for all perfons inhabitinge vpon the granted premiffes, other then the | 
faid Thomas Yate his heires and affignes concerninge the fuite to the hundred 
Court of Berkeley, for or in refpect of any lands then in the proper occupacon or 
manurance of the faid Thomas Yate his leffees and farmors, And favinge the liberty 
of fervinge of Writts proceffes and precepts ; And alfo the liberty of makinge and 
doeinge all manner of Execucons, either in the hundred Court of Berkeley or elfe- 
where ; And all arnciam'? iffues and ffynes either in the Leete or hundred court of 
Berkeley, and power to levy the fame ; And alfo favinge and exceptinge the yearly 
rents and fervices heertofore accuftomed or due to bee paid or done by the faid 
Thomas Yate or his Anceftors, for the manor or reputed Manor of Arlingham, the 
ancient inheritance of the faid Thomas Yate and his aunceftors : All which faid 
pmiffes the faid Henry lord Berkeley and Robert Vifcount Lifle by their Deed 
dated 27. Novembr: A . 7. Jac. Rf did convey to William Dutton and John Smyth 
and their heires, faith the Deed. 



5Cltb to theis two manors heertofore parted in copcinery, now againe vnited in 
the faid Richard Yate, belonge all the waft grounds, and not to any of the petty 
Manours followinge. ^[lt 



3trttngt)ani 



61 



3flt this parifh the Abbot of S' Auguftines by Briftoll had a manor, rayfed in The Abbot of S< 
length of time out of divers lands and tenements which the lord Berkeleys of No |, t he rjeane°& 
Berkeley, afwell when the lord Robert firft founded that Monaftery as other Lords Chapter of Briftoll 
after, As alfo fome other ffreeholders, gave vnto them at feverall times ; which 
cominge to the Crowne by the Diffolucon of that Monaftery in 31. H. 8. was by the 
fame kinge in the 34^ of his raigne againe with other poffeffions conferred vpon 
the Deane and Chapiter, then by him with a Bifhoppricke there of new erected, 
where the fame yet continues ; which erection both of the Bifhoppricke and of the 
Deane and Chapter, is to bee feene in the Rolls Chappell of that yeare : And is 
alfo inrolled entred and pleaded in the Exchequer with the Remembrancer to the 
lord Treforer in Trinity Terme 36. H. 8. inter memorand ibm. To hold in pure 
and perpetuall Almes, payinge for all their poffeffions 85''.- io ! p And. at Michas only. 

3:11 this parifh alfo, the Abbot of the Monaftery of fflaxley had a little Manor, Flaxley Manor, 
raifed like as the former by the guifts at feverall times of the lord Berkeleys and now Kin S flons - 
other ffreeholders, which likewife cominge to the Crowne by the diffolucon of that 
Monaftery in 31. H. 8. was forthwith after given by that kinge to Sir Anthony 
Kingfton, (at that time one of the knights of this Shire for that parliament, And 
then high Steward of Berkeley hundred,) and his heires. By whofe death in the 
firft of Qu: Mary, it came to Edmond Kingfton, father of Anthony, father of Wittm 
Kingfton of fflaxley that nowe is, who is faid to have lately either fold the fee or 
to have made longe Leafes equivalent therto, to Robert Longney, Henry Wintle, 
Richard ffryer of Hockerhill, Walter Carter, and . The tenure 

wherof is of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite; And for moft part, or altogeather, 
lye in the hamblet called Sloo, in the furtheft part northward of the parifh. | 



3(n this parifh alfo in another little manor called Wike ats Arlinghams Wike, £-5 
the inheritance of the forefaid Richard Yate fonne of Thomas, holden of the kinge Wike manor, 
by knight fervice in Capite, which of old were the lands of Peter de Wike, And by 
purchafe came to Thomas lord Berkeley the fourth of that name; And by his death 
in 5. H. 5. difcended to Elizabeth his daughter and heire then wife of Richard 
Beauchampe Earle of Warwicke, And from her death in the firft yeare of kinge 
Henry the fixt, to Margaret Eleanor and Elizabeth the three daughters and co- 
heires of the faid Counteffe Elizabeth : And in partition betweene them three in 
the fixt yeare of kinge Edward the fourth, was allotted (inter alia) to the faid 
Margaret, then the widowe of John Talbot Earle of Shroefbury, who dyed the 
yeare after the faid partition, in the 7^ of E. 4. wherby this manor difcended to 

her 



62 ^unbrco of 23crhrirp 

her grandchilde and heire, Thomas Talbot Vifcont Lifle, by whofe death without 
iffue, in 10. E. 4. flayne at Nybley greene by William Lord Berkeley, it difcended 
to Elizabeth his fifter and heire maryed to Edward Gray Vifcont Lifle in her right, 
And by her death in 7. H. 7. two yeares after her hufband, to John Gray vifcont 
Lifle, and by his death in 19. H. 7. to Elizabeth Gray his daughter and heire, 
maryed to Henry Courtney Earle of Devon, And by her death in 12. H. 8. without 
iffue to Elizabeth her aunt, fifter of the faid John Gray Vifcont Lifle, who was 
firft maryed to Sir Edmond Dudley, by whom fhee had iffue John Dudley, by kinge 
E. 6. created Duke of Northumberland, And fecond to Arthur Plantaginet bafe 
fonne to kinge Edward the fourth, in whofe right hee was Vifcont Lifle ; and by 
her death in 33. H. 8. the fame was to have difcended to the faid John Dudley her 
fonne ; howbeit it feemes hee had it by conveyance from her (inter alia) in her life 
time ; ffor by ffine and other affurances in 3 1. H. 8. hee aliened the fame to William 
Popely and his heires, who fhortly after aliened the fame to Walter Yate, By whofe 
death in 38. H. 8. the fame difcended to Richard Yate his fonne and heire, By 
whofe death in , it came to Thomas Yate his ( fonne and heire, And 

by his death in 14. Regis Caroli, to Richard Yate his fonne and heire formerly 
mentioned. 

<!l>f which little Manor of Wike more may bee read in theis Records . viz', 
Inquifitio 5. H. 5. poft mortem Thomae Dni Berkeley. 
Inq : 7. E. 4. poft mortem Margaretae Comitiffae Salop. 
Inq : 7. H. 7. poft mortem Edw : Gray, vifc Lifley. 
ffinis in banco. 31. H. 8. pro Popely. 

Pafch : rec : 35. H. 8. Rot 60 in Sccio cum Rem Thefaur. 
Inqu : 38. H. 8. poft mortem Walteri Yate. | 

57 3fa tms P ar ' m are divers ancient freehold lands, containinge about acres 

Le Berrowe. f orn tj mes alfo reputed a Manor, called Le Berewe, ats the Berowes, efteemed as a 
Carucate of land, which by an Inquificon taken in t,^. E. i. after the death of 
Richard de la Berewe, remaininge in the Tower of London, are found, viz!, That 
hee dyed feized of two parts of a meffuage and of a carucate of land at the Berew 
in Arlingham, holden of the heire of William Berkeley of Durfley, per fervitium 
ponendi primu ferrulam coram eo die natalis dni apud Durfley : And of one acre of 
land in Arlingham holden of the heire of Robert de Berkeley in Ward to Thomas 
Lord Berkeley, by the yearly rent of — oti., And John atte Berue was his brother 
and heire, 1 1. yeares old. Theis lands arc now the inheritance of Thomas Bycke 

gent., 



3CrImgl)ani 63 

gent., Goffe Chin, William Clutterbooke gent., and of the forefaid Richard Yate, 
ftill retaininge the name and mentioned in very many old Deeds both before and 
fince the faid Inquificon, which I have read. As alfo in an Inquificon in 2. H. 8. 
in the Chaple of the Rolls, found after the death of John Roberts, who (inter alia) 
dyed feized of 8. acres of arrable land and of 35. acres of pafture called Berrue, 
holden of Edward Wikes lord of Durfley. 

Qttye two records in the Tower of London of Rot. finiu. 10. E. 2. membr, 16. 
and of Rot. Claus. 14. E. 2. membr. 2. fhewe that the forementioned John de 
Berkeley, when hee dyed in 10. E. 2, held noe land of the kinge : And that 
Elizabeth, ffelicia, Thomafia, (not Leticia,) and Margaret, all of them within age, 
were his daughters and heires, To whom the kinge reftored the meane profits, that 
had for three yeares byn vniuftly taken. 

55p Deed (with Thomas Bicke) Thomas fonne of Thomas late lord Berkeley Bradflons lands, 
granted in 2. E. 3. to Thomas de Bradfton and Ifable his wife, and to his heires, " a °e Thonfas' 
All that his meffuage with all lands meadowes and paftures therto belonginge, which lord Wentworths. 
Ifable de Wike fomtimes held in Arlingham, To bee held of the cheife lord by the 
fervices accuftomed ; Which by the Record of Rot. Claus. 43. E. 3. mem : 6. are 
there faid to bee a third part of the Manor of Arlingham. And theis are now the 
inheritance of John Driver, fonne of Gyles Dryver, fecond fonne of Robert Dryver, 
and which the faid John of late purchafed of his Cozen Gyles Dryver fonne and 
heire of Thomas Dryver, eldeft fonne of the faid Robert Driver, who purchafed the 
fame of , but not held to containe fo much, 

by much, as the faid record of 43. E. 3. doth make them. 



In what fort theis lands difcended from the faid Thomas de Bradfton to 
Thomas lord Wentworth, who in 4. Eliz. aliened them, fee in the defcription of 
Bradfton and Stinchcombe at large. | 

ffyCCtC alfo in Arlingham, is an auncient meffuage with 4. cottages and 212, 58 
acres of land therto belonginge, comonly called Roberts lands, adioyninge to the Roberts lands, 
lands called the Berrewe, with 8. acres of the Berrewe, wherof John Roberts by Bkke^andothe 
Inquificon in 2. H. 8. is found to dye feized, and of a fifhinge in Severne called 
Roberts putts in Arlingham, Overton and Middleton, The one moity wherof (faith 
this Inquificon) is holden of the Manor of Berkeley by — 4' 6 d . rent for all fervices, 
And the other moity of Richard Yate, (then Efcheator,) And Walter Roberts was 

his 



6 4 



I^untireD of 23crhdcp 



his fonne and heire ; Howbeit theis lands were entayled as the Inquificon fheweth 
vpon Richard Roberts, eldeft fonne of the faid John by Jone Davis his fecond wife; 
And theis are no we the inheritance of Thomas Bicke, fonne of Thomas, and of 
William Clutterbooke and of Richard Yate, fonne of Thomas, and of Goffe Chin, 
and are called Roberts and Rogers : Of whom Goffe Chin is in by difcent from one 
of the heires of Roberts : The other three, by the purchafes of their Anceftors. 
Which Thomas Bicke dyed in Anno 14° Regis Caroli, leavinge 
his fonne and heire yeares old. Of whom fee after fol : 60. 



Rowles land. ffrctxt alfo, is another ancient meffuage with 100. acres of land therto belong- 

inge, the inheritance of William Rolls, brothers fonne and heire of William Rolles, 
who dyed , fonne of Rolls, who died , who 



Walls land. 



59 



in his life time purchafed the fame of 
Knight, And pte alfo fomtime the land of 



fomtime the land of R. 
Scott. 



^Xi this parifh of Arlingham are divers lands and tenem 1 ? comonly called Walls 
lands, holden of the lord Berkeley by fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 
3. weekes to 3. weekes and by ; 

fomtimes the land of William Wall, father of Wall, who died , 

father of Walter Wall who dyed in the 24. H. 8. and was father of Richard, Roger, 
and Walter Wall ; which Richard dyed in 2. E. 6. and by Margaret his wife left 
iffue Walter and John Wall, Which Walter by feverall ffines and other affurances in 
the 3. 5. 6. 12. and other yeares of the raigne of Queene Elizabeth, aliened moft 
of thefe lands to feverall perfons, as followeth ; And after dyed without iffue in 33. 
Eliz. And are nowe the feverall inheritances of Richard Yate fonne of Thomas 
Yate gen, John Cage gen in right of his wife, John Dryver, John Kinge, Thomas 
Daniell, John Carter, Richard Yate | gent., Walter Croft, Richard Willis, Richard 
ffryer of Midleton ats Milton-end, Richard Carter of ffriday ftreete, Thomas Bicke 
gen, John Lyes, John Carfwell, Wittm Rolls, Richard Carter of , ffrancis 

Croft, Thomas Butt, and John Wall fonne of Richard, fonne of John, brother of 
the laft menconed Walter Wall ; To which John Wall only remaineth one Cottage 
with an orchard adioyninge : from the longe feizin of whofe anceftors theis lands 
have taken and ftill retaine the name of Walls lands, though now in the feverall 
hands of freeholders. 



Of theis lands fee a ffine in the Comon pleas in Eafter terme 17. H. 6. by 
William Wall, to whom the fee was lymitted. 

The 



Slriingfjam 6 5 

The Court of Canonbury ats Berkeley in 18. H. 6. hath thus; viz^, Adhuc 
preceptum eft diftringere Wittm Wall iun, ad faciend Dfio homagium, et ad fatif- 
faciend Releviu pro terris et tentis qua? de Dno tenet in Erlingham per fervicium 
militare. 

J^fCrc alfo is a meffuage and about 15. acres of land knowne by the name of Bailies land. 
2$flilic£, which in the time of H. 6. were the inheritance of John Weftmancote, 
who entayled the fame vpon John Bayly and Jone his wife, and the heires of their 
bodies ; who had iffue Robert and William, which Robert Bayly had iffue Jone, 
who after dyed without iffue in 17. H. 7. then the wife of Lawrance Hamond ; 
After whofe death the fame difcended and came to Richard Bayly fonne of John, 
fonne of the faid Wittm Bayly, brother of the faid Robert, who was 60. yeares old 
at the takinge of an Inquificon in 2. H. 8. found after the death of the faid Jone 
wife of the faid Lawrance Hamond, wherin all the fame appeareth ; And that the 
fame are holden of the heire of John Weftmancote by fealty and a capon, by reafon 
of the faid guilt in tayle. And are now, Anno. 1639, the inheritance of 
Webbe of Glouc, an Apothecary. 

J^CCCC alfo is an ancient capital meffuage with an 100. acres of land therto ff "" s land 
belonginge, the inheritance of John ffryer of Overton in Arlingham, fonne of 
Richard, who died in , fonne of John ffryer who dyed in 28. Eliz. Rent. 10? 

fonne of , fonne of Henry ffryer. 

Which in the time of kinge E. 4. were the lands of Kenelme Digas, And 
before of Richard Mead, whofe name foe fetled in thefe lands that they retaine the 
name of Meads lands to this day. 



This John ffryer is lately dead, and hath left 
very younge. | 



his fonne and heire, 



^CCCC alfo is a meffuage and divers lands and fifhings therto belonginge, con- 60 

taininee about 80. acres, the inheritance of John Hodges, now in minority, fonne H°<ig es lands late 

. . Bndgemans. 

of Thomas, who died 3° Rf Caroli, fonne of Wittm, fonne of John Hodges, who 

in the 28'! 1 of Eliz. purchafed the fame of William Bridgeman fonne of John 

Bridgeman Efquire of Micheldeane ; who in 28. of H. 8. in confideracon of 200. 

mks purchafed the fame of Thomas Tame then of Stowell Efq,, by the name of all 

that his manor, meffuage, lands, tenements, and fifhings in Arlingham, wherof a fine 

in Miclias terme, 30. H. 8. was levyed to John Bridgeman, and to the faid Wittm 

his 

K VOL. Ill 



Bickes land, 
late Bridgemans. 



66 J^unDrxo of 53crhdcp 

his fonne, by the faid Thomas Tame and Jone his wife, and Edmond Home and 
Eliz. his wife, afwell of this meffuage and lands in Arlingham, As of the manor of 
Gofington and of divers lands and tenements in Gofington, Slimbridge, Came, 
Cowley, Hurft and Hame : And theis are holden of Richard Yate Ef% as of his 
manor of Arlingham, in Soccage, by fuite of Court and the yearly rent of 23? 8 d ., 
whereof two Inquificons after the death of the faid Thomas Hodges were of late 
in 13° et 14° Rf Caroli found, And a wardfhip pretended for the kinge vpon a 
fuppofed incroachment to have byn made by the faid Thomas, of a fmall parcell of 
ground alleadged to bee held by knights fervice in Capite ; But ffinch the profe- 
cutor prevayled not. 

ffrCttt alfo in an ancient meffuage called the ffarme, with divers lands and tene- 
ments therto belonginge containinge by eftimacon acres, the inheritance of 
Thomas Bicke gent (faid to bee dead this prefent October . 1638. as I am in my 
laft reviewe of this defcription,) eldeft fonne of Thomas Bicke by his 
fecond wife, daughter of , borne after the death of his faid 
father, whofe iffue male by his firft wife yet alfo remaineth ; which the faid Thomas 
the father (inter alia) purchafed in Eliz. of Bridgeman, fonne of 
Bridgeman, holden . And dyed in 31. Eliz., 
whofe office was found in 12° Regis Jacobi. 

Of which Thomas Bicke fee before fol : 58. And this Thomas Bicke hath left 
iffue Thomas Bicke 12. yeares old, as by an office found in October 1639. 15. Car, 
appeareth ; The tenures of whofe lands appeare in the two forefaid Inquificons in 
12. Jac. and 15. Caroli, if the firft (found before Adam Bainham Efcheator by vertue 
of a writt of Mandamus,) bee not perifhed, as I have byn told it is. | 

5j Dccrc alfo is an ancient meffuage with divers lands therto belonginge, lyinge 

Fryers lands of in Midleton end ats Milton end aforefaid, late the inheritance of Richard ffryer of 
Milton end in Art: Milton end aforefaid, which hee purchafed of Simon Ludby and Jane his wife, John 
Huntley and Margaret his wife, and of Edward Molyneux and Vrfula his wife, 
daughters and coheires of John Sydenham Efcjy And which the faid Richard 
ffryer hath of late conveyed in tayle to Walter ffryer his eldeft fonne, refervinge to 
himfelfe an eftate for his owne life, which waiter is dead, levinge the faid Richard 
his father, and hath left iffue , to whom the inheritance in 

taile is difcended. 

5 It this parifh the Pryor of Stanley ats Leonard Stanley, a Cell to the great 
Monaftery of S' Peter of Glouc, had divers lands, which coffiinge to the Crowne 

by 



3UrIin$)am 67 

by the fuppreffion of that monaftery in 31. H. 8. were afterwards granted to 

, and now the inheritance 
of , holden 

(Cf)C moft remarkeable hamletts or names of places within this parifh, which in Names of Place-. 
the fcituacon is as a necke of land Iftmos or peninfula, are Wike, ats Arlingham 
Wike, the Berue, the Slo ats Sloo, Overton, i.e. the overtowne, Middleton, ats 
Milton, ats Milton end ; i.e. the middled of the Towne, or the end of the midle 
towne ; And South end. 

J^CCtC alfo have beene within the parifh in the river of Severne divers weres w eres or fifhinge 
putts and fifhinge places, called Rodleis were, Garons were, Puthoufc, and others 
of very great remarkeablenes and ancient continuance in the eldeft records in the 
kings courts ; from before the time of Wittm the Duke of Normandies Conqueft, 
As by the booke in the Exchequer called Domefdei, and other moft ancient Pipe 
rolls, and the private Deeds of many men, and leidger booke of Monafteries and 
Bifhopricks, wherof I have feene many, doe appeare ; Some of which croffed the 
wholl river ; wherof fome have yet their continuance, and fome were deftroyed by 
vertue of a Comiffion of Sewers in the time of kinge Henry the S'.\ wherof I fhall 
write more largely in the defcription of the parifh of Slimbridge, and of the River 
of Severne. 

3tnti (as more then 100. accompts and other evidences as yet remaining in 
Berkeley Caftle have informed mee,) It was a conftant courfe held by the 8. firft 
lords of Berkeley, in the times of Lent, to abide at their manor of Wike aforefaid 
in Arlingham, now the inheritance of Richard Yate fonne of Thomas, And to feed 
themfelves with fuch falmon lamprey fhads herings foles plais flounders eeles and 
other fifh, which thefe weres in thofe times in great abundance afforded ; And then 
to returne to one of their houfes, of Berkeley Caftle or | Wotton Vnderedge : But 62 
nowe a licentious liberty havinge almoft banifhed thofe politicall obfervations of 
meates and feafons, Heaven feemes foe to have withdrawne her bleffings that thofe 
Weares are growne fcarce worth the watchinge and repairinge. 

CI)C Iter torn or Perfonage is impropriate, and was before the diffolucon of that Rectory and 
Monaftery belonginge to S' Peters of Glouc, as to their Cell of Stanley : And Vlcand S e - 
cominge to the Crowne in 31. H. 8. was 

And is nowe the inheritance of Sir John Bridgeman by his late purchafe of Thomas 

Bicke : 

k 2 



68 ^unorcD of 23crhricp 

Bicke : Which Sir John hath alfo the Advowfon of the Vicaridge there, wherof 
John Giles is nowe the incumbent ; And by a compoficon remaininge within the 
office of the Regifter to the Bifhop of Worcefter, in whofe Dioceffe the fame then 
was, made with the affent of Gervais Bifhop of Wore, about the 21* yeare of kinge 
E. 3. A° 1347, betweene the Pryor of Leonard Stanley, a Cell belonginge to the 
Monaftery of S' Peters in Glouc, of the one part. And the Vicar of Arlingham on 
the other part ; wherby it was fetled that the Vicar for the time beinge fhould have 
the fifth of the tythe of all grayne fowne within this parifh, except of the corne 
growinge vpon the glebe land of the Rectory, from whence nothinge fhall bee 
taken : And that the Vicar fhould have halfe the tyth hay, except of the glebe land 
and of the meadowes called the Leficke and Valemore, the tythes wherof fhall bee 
to the faid Pryor although they fhould bee fowne with grayne : And that the 
Vicar fhould have all manner of the tythes of the Curtelages, except of the corne 
growinge, The tythes wherof fhall bee devided as before, except for the curtelages 
and clofes of Bertrand and Jones, wherwith the Vicar fhall not meddle. And that 
the Vicar fhould have the fifth part of the corne called Bretcorne ; And the Vicar 
alfo fhould have the tithes of all fifh taken in Severne in the putts, (the tithes in 
Garnewere and Rodleis were for fifh taken in them excepted, which fhall bee to the 
faid Pryor ;) Alfo that the Vicar fhould have the Tyth of Silva caedua, and of what 
is comprehended under the name of Alterage, All other tythes remayninge to the 
faid Pryor ; And alfo that all the tythe corne of the whole parifh fhall bee brought 
into the Pryors barne at Arlingham, for caryage wherof the vicar to finde one plowe 
or teeme and three men to gader and carry ; And the divifion of the tyth corne to 
bee made betweene the Pryor and Vicar in the Pryors barne aforefaid. And that 
the Vicar fhould pay to the Pryor 2* yearly, as of old hath byn accuftomed : And 
alfo that the vicar fhould have curam animarum of all the inhabitants of the parifh ; 
and fhall pay all procurations and alfo all other charges ordinary and extraordinary, 
five that the pryor fhall pay procuracons to the Archdeacon only, and other charges 
accordinge to the proportion of the fruite hee receiveth. All which continueth in 
vfe to this day between the impropriate perfon, and the Vicar. | 

63 ^ll this parifh alfo were divers lands and tenements dedicated to the fervice of 

Chantry lands, t h e luffed virgin Mary, to whom alfo I thinke the parifh church was dedicated ; 

which lands in the time of kynge Henry the fourth were vnder the difpofinge and 

lettinge of procuratores ferviciae beats Maria; virginis de Arlingham, the houfe the 

It then before dwelt in, and after, was and yet is called our Ladies preifts houfe; 

And however theis lands were conceived not to bee given to the Crowne by the 

Statute 



3GrUngi)am 



69 



Statute of Chantries made in the firft yeare of kinge Edward the fixth, yet by an 
Inquificbn found in the 13^ yeare of Queene Elizabeth, fhee was by virtue of that 
Act intituled vnto them, And accordingly in the 14* yeare of her raigne granted 
them to Percivall Gonfton in fee, And from him they came to Robert Dryver, and 
others ; Howbeit thofe tres patents and grant through defects therein beinge avoided, 
the fame were againe of new granted by the faid Queene in the 29^ of her raigne to 
Sir ffrancis Walfingham and to ffrancis Mills and their heires, from whom the fame 
are now in the hands of divers perfons ; But not without a kinde of reluctacon of 
the generall inhabitants of this parifh at this day, fuppofinge the fame ought not to 
have come to the Crowne by that ftatute. 

5lll 55ctfedcp caftle is a Deed made in 46. E. 3. betweene John de Yate and Arlingham church 
17. others the cheife Inhabitants of Arlingham on the one part, And Nicholas new ,U1 1- 
Wifhonger, cementarium 1 de Glouc, of the other part, which pticularly fhewes their 
compoficon made with him In the buildinge of the tower or Belfree wherin the bells 
doe hange, And of the moft part if not of all the church of Arlingham. 



Warth. 



3ln the fixth yeare of kinge Charles, a Bill in the Exchequer chamber was by 
Heath Attorny generall exhibited againft the forefaid Thomas Bicke and eight 
other freeholders and inhabitants in Arlingham, charginge them to have intruded 
vpon certaine newe grounds called Arlingham warth, lately caft togeather by the 
flowe and reflowe of the river of Severne, which fhuld belonge to the kinge, &c. 
wherto all the defend'. 5 made their ioynt and feverall anfweres very perticulerly, 
which feemed foe farre forth to fatisfy that noe further proceedinge followed, but 
foe refteth to this day: But in the 13^ yeare of kinge Charles, whileft I am in my 
laft reviewe heereof, an Inquificon was firft found in this County to entitle the kinge 
to the faid Warth, as beinge fomtimes parcell of the faid river of Severne ; And 
after an Informacon of Intrufion was exhibited againft Thomas Bicke, Richard Yate 
aforefaid, and others, by Banks Atturny generall, which is not yet come to tryall. 
But fee more heerof, and of Slimbridge warth in the defcription of Slimbridge. | 

3fn payment of the fifteenth or kingfilver, when it is granted by Parliament, 
The onus or charge in the Exchequer is — 9 1 !', The deduction for the decayes in this Fif teeni h 
parifh is — 3''.-, The remanet paid into the Exchequer is 6 1 ! 1 ; Of which payment fee 
before in Alkington fol : 37. and alfo fol : 4. 



64 



3[lt the laft Subfedy in the ffifth of kinge Charles were in this parifh 24 fubfedy 



men, who paid 9 1 '. 3? 4 d . to the kinge. 

1 From the Latin Crementarius — a rough mafon, a waller or builder of walls. 



Subfedy 



3£ni> 



70 J^unbrcb of 25crfedcp 

Able men. 3Cllb of able men for the Warre betweene 20. and 60. yeares of age, were in 6° 

Jacobi, which appeared at a generall mufter before Henry lord Berkeley then Leiu- 
tenant of the County, — 98. 

Trained foldiers. 3£jiJ) now are of trayned foldiers vnder Wittm Thorpe Efq^ their Captaine 4. 

corfletts and 12. mufketts. 



Rates. 5lnb if the whole Divifion called Berkeley Divifion, efteemed a 4 1 ! 1 part of 

the county of Glouc, bee rated in any taxe for kinge or Comonwealth, to pay — 100!', 
Then this hundred of Berekeley payeth towards the fame — 3$ u : 3*, And this parifh 
of Arlingham — 36? 8?, And foe after that rate. 

Deanry. £l)i$ wholl parifh is within the Deanry of Glouc, As by the Roll of Taxacon 

in the tower of London in 20. E. 1. appeareth. 

Confirmacon. 3tllD heere for once and for all, I will incert the Cofirmac&n of Thomas lord 

Berkeley the firft of that name, made betweene 4. H. 3. when hee entred vpon his 
Barony and 28. H. 3. when hee dyed, entendinge hither to referre all the Town- 
fhips and lands therin mentioned . viz', 

Chtinibu^ fcae matris Ecctiae filijs ad quos pYens fcriptum pvereit, Thomas de 
Berket filius Mauricij de Berket, faltm in Dho. Novint vnivfitas Bra me pro falute 
anime mee, Avi mei Robti filij Hardingi, Patris mei Mauricij de Berket, et ffis mei 
Robti de Berket, necnon et Johanne vxor mee fj, et omniu antecefforu et fucceffo^ 
meox, dediffe et conceffiffe et hac pYenti carta mea confirmaffe Deo et Ecctiae Sci 
Auguft de Briftoll et canonicis regular ibm deo fervientibus, Omnia ilia quae avus 
meus Robtus filius Hardingi, Mauricius de Berket pater meus, et Robtus de Berket 
frater meus eifdem dederunt et cartis fuis confirmaverunt, vz\ ex dono avi mei, 
Almodefbur, Horefelct, Affelefword, Cromat cu eo<j ptinen, Dimidias etiam pifcarias 
de Erlingeham, et alterius medietatis decimam totam, Item fifhidam in Dorfeta, 
Legam que fuit manerium de Bedmeniftria, Et terram apud fca Katherina de feod 
portbir. Sitter et fex libratas terras apud Cernay, Et terram quam habuit apud 
Blakenefword. Ex dono autem et concenfu Mauricij de Berket patris mei, Dimidiam 
hidam terra; apud Hineton, et vna virgata terre apud Alcrinton, Decimam etiam de 
toto pannagio meo de Muclewde, de Appelrugg, de Acle, et de Wtton, et paflur 
apud Berket, bobus vnius carucoe cu dnicis bobus meis. Ex dono etiam Robti de 
Berket quatuor virgatas terrae apud Erlingeham, et decern puchias et dimidia et vnu 

liberu 



SH^fjdtoortfj 71 

liberu palii in gurgite de Rodleg, cum meffuagijs et pratis | et omnibus alijs ad dcas 65 

terras ptinentib 9 . Et dimidia virgata terre apud Riham qua, Radulfus Mattoch tenuit: 

Molendinu etia de Berket quod novum molendinum appellatur, cum confuetudine 

molture caflelli mei et totius fequele, ficut vnquam melius folebat fieri ; Et vna 

virgata terre iuxta idem molendinum, qua Reginaldus carucarius et Aluredus de 

findleford tenere confuerunt, Necnon et Hugonem piftore cum ilia virgata terre quam 

tenet apud Hulmanecote ; Et vna virgata terre apud Svvanhangre qua Reginaldus 

Luffinge tenuit : Sitter et terras et pratum et oia quae Wittus Cobi dcis canonicis 

dedit, et dcus Robtus de Berket frater meus eifde confirmavit ; Et bofcum quod 

vocatur Ewecumbe. fj, et infup tota terra qua dcus frer meus Robtus de Berket 

habuit infra muros Briftott, et oia burgagia quae Robtus avus meus, vel Mauricius 

pater meus, vel Aeleifia mater infra murfi Briftoll vel extra eifdem contulerunt : It 

terras illas quae fuef de purchafio Mauricij fris mei ; Et terrain de Baggrugge, qua 

idem frater meus Robtus de Berket emit de Witto de lefromonte et eifdem canonicis 

dedit et carta fua confirmavit. Hec et cetera oia que in ecctiafticis bnficijs feu terris 

et rebus alijs dcis canonicis a memorato avo meo, patre, vel fratre meo caritative funt 

collata, cu eoa libtatibus et liberis confuetudinib 9 eifdem dedi, conceffi, et hac pnti 

carta mea cofirmavi, ficut in eorii cartis et confirmaconibus plenius et melius contine- * 

tur ; Ita vt dci canonici Untitles fint et quieti ab omni demanda et fervicio feculari, 

excepto folo murdro, et excepto regali fervicio quantu ptinet ad vna virgata terre in 

Swanhungre, et ad vna virgata terre pro terra de Baggerugg. Infuper conceffi vt 

ecclefiae in terris meis que ad canonicos pertinent omnes habeant libertates et liberas 

confuetudines in cofnunis paftura^ et oibus alijs rebus quas habuerunt tempore regis 

Henrici et fupradci Robti avi mei, et Mauricij patris mei ; Preteria omnia que in 

tenementis meis dictis canonicis re<5te data funt, vel dabuntur in pofterum, eis hac 

prefenti carta mea in ppetua duracbne et conceffione confirmavi. Hijs teftibus, Dno 

Robto filio Ric tunc fenefchallo meo, Dflo Petro de Stintefcumb, Rogero Aillard, 

Mauricio filio Nigelli et Roberto filio eius, Philippo de Cromhat, Radulfo de Stanes, 

Ricardo portaf, Reginaldo de Pennard et multis alijs. | 



3Csl)Cltoortf), In Domefdei booke Efceluuorde : And in the times of R. 1. and 
of kinge John written Effelefwrd, is a manor and parifh not farre from the Citie of 
Glouc, belonginge to the Bifhop of Briftoll. 

Anciently 



7 2 



^unorcfc of 23crhricp 

Anciently this manor was part of the great manor of Berkeley and of Berkeley 
herneffe, And was by Robert the fonne of Hardinge given amongft other manors to 
the Abbot and Covent of the Monaftery of S'. Auguftines by Briftoll, when hee firft 
founded the fame: wherof read more in the defcription of Almondefbury fol. 47, and 
in fol : 64. 65. And continued, as that did, in the poffeffion of thofe Abbots there 
fucceffively mentioned, till the diffolucon of that monaftery in 31. H. 8. And vpon 
that kings ereclinge of newe the Bifhoppricke of Briftoll in the 33^ of his raigne, 
was defigned to bee part of the poffeffions of the Bifhoppricke ; In which tres 
patents this and all other the Bifhops lands are perticulerly mentioned. 

The Demefnes of this manor in the time of Witim the Conqueror confifted of 
three hides of land, as by the booke in the Exchequer called Domefdei appeares : 
which, though held by the faid lord Robert by knight fervice in Capite, yet his 
grant therof to that Monaftery was to hold in frank almoigne : I referre you for 
more heerof to my hiftory of the family of the lords of Berkeley, lately by mee 
finifhed and given to the lord George Berkeley : to bee read in the life of the faid 
lord Robert therin called Robert the firft. 

The Capitall meffuage and almoft the wholl manor was new builded whileft 
Walter Newbury was Abbot of that Monaftery, who died in a°. Dni. 1463. 13. E. 4. 
And are within the Deanry of Glouc, as that of Arlingham laftly defcribed. 



Bounds or 
Cofions. 



5Cftcr many yeares contention betweene the Abbots of this monaftery and Sir 
John Pauncefoot knight, who was fonne of Hugh, fonne of Adomarus, fonne of 
Grymbald, fonne of Richard Pauncefoot, (a family of great antiquity in this county,) 
touchinge the bounds and Cofhons betweene this the Abbotts Manor of Afhelworth 
and that of his of Hasfeld, an agreement followed the 20 1 ! 1 of ffebruary in 21. H. 6, 
which for a perpetuall quietnes in ages followinge they inrolled in Chancery; As by 
the Rot. Claus. 21. H. 6. mem : 24. in dorfo, in the tower of London appeares. 



Derivai'-on of 
the name. 



Cf)C Etimon or derivacon of the name of this parifh or townfhip, take whether 
of theis two wayes you pleafe ; Either from the word tDCOttl), now fpoken tuoortj), 
a bafe court or yard, fuch as is cofhonly before the better fort of houfes : Or from 
the German word, Incru, which is a poole. 

"3CI&0, in this Towne the ancient family of the Berkelies of Durfiey had halfe 
67 an hide of land, as the Certificate of | Roger Berkeley to kinge Henry the fecond, 

fet 



9Utoon£court— s&igpnrt) 

fet downe verbatim in the red booke in the Exchequer, doth fhewe, wherof read 
after in Durfley fol : 177. which I fuppofe came fhortly after to the Abbot and 
Covent of S' Auguftines aforefaid. 

3flt payment of the fhTteene or kingeffilver, when it runneth, the onus or charge ffifteene. 
in the Exchequer is — 4'!- The deduction for the decayes within this Manor is — 20" 
The Remanet paid into the Excheq 1 :— 3".- 

3flt the laft fubfedy rated in the 5° Caroli, were in the parifh 8. fubfedy men, Subledy. 
who paid 3 1 ! 6! 8 d 

<C>f able men for the warres between 20. and 60. yeares of age, who appeared Able men. 
at a generall mufter before Henry lord Berkeley lord Lieutenant of this County in 
6'.° Rf Jacobi, were 71. 

<0f trayned fouldiers vnder Wittm Thorpe Efq^ their Captaine nowe are — 4 : Souldiers. 
viz' 2. corflets and 2. mufkets. 

3fin& if Berkeley Divifion efteemed a 4^ part of the county of Gloc bee rated in Rates. 
any tax for kinge or cofhon welth to pay — ioo IL the hundred of Berkeley paies 
thereof — 33''.' 3? and this townfhip 20* 

ffor. this Church and the impropriatinge therof, fee at large in Berkeley fol: 81. 
82. 83. And in Almondefbury fol: 47. | 



Qvonscoml 

£>t€ Bainham fol: 71. And Pedington. fol: 31, 



-^.igpath; called alfo Newton ats Newenton Bagpath, becaufe Newton als 
Newenton, is within the parifh of Bagpath. 

<£>f this Manor of Bagpath Ambrofe Webb Doctor of Divinity is Lord, and 
alfo patron of the Church. And M' ffeilding his fonne in lawe Incumbent ; whofe 
prefentacon is faid to have byn his maryage portion with Doctor Webs daughter. 

3Tl)ougl) 

L VOL. Ill 



74 ^unorcb of SScrfericp 

Church. CfjOUgf) fcarce any church (worthy the name of a church) can bee leffe or worfe 

built, yet within the parifh therof is both Newenton, Caldcote, and Owlpen : And 
though the manor houfe or capitall meffuage of Laffeborrowe, (the feate of Sir 
Thomas Eftcourt late deceafed,) bee without the compaffe of this parifh and alfo 
of this Hundred of Berkeley, yet within both parifh and hundred is the garden 
ground adioyninge, And a great part of the parke alfo, inclofinge (as it were) both 
houfe and garden. 

Newenton. pctDtOll ais Newenton is a poare hamblet, of 3. or 4. dwellinge houfes, feated 

neerer that: church welnigh by halfe a myle then that of Bagpath ; often in old 
records written (as iuftly it may) Coldnewenton, from which quallity and conftitucon 
of aire is Coldcoate its neighbour, now called Caldcote ; A farme heertofore parcell 
of the poffefhons of the Abby of Kingfwood, and now of the Lords of Laffeborrow 
adioyninge. 

iCl)i0 Newenton was part of the old lands of the ancient family of the Berkeleis 
of Durfeley, longe before the Conqueft, as was his hide of land in Durfley where 
his dwellinge houfe and place of abode was; Soe noe part of the Manor of Berkeley 
nor of Berkeley herneffe at any time, noe more then the Manor of Slimbridge, 
another part of their old poffefhons: for which fee the Certificate of Roger Berkeley 
to kinge Henry the fecond, after in fol: 177. 

3In Newton Bagpath is a place obvious in many evidences called Nutgarfhall, 
ais Lurgefhall, a 

Turners land. 3 n Newton ats Newington are two freeholds of ancient daies, the one the 

inheritance of Robert Turner, containinge about 60. acres, fonne of John Turner, 
who died in 19. Rf Jacobi, And as I conceive is holden of the Manor of Kingfwood 
in Soccage by the yearly rent of — 4? 4 d . And was by the faid John Turner in the 
29^ of Qu : Eliz : purchafed of Nicholas Pointz Efq^, after knight. And was before 
the land of Ralph Higs. 



Harris land Cf)C other ffreehold is the inheritance of 

then the former, holden of I 



Harris, of a leffe quantity 



69 Cftcifli 2. ffreeholds were before the time of kinge H. 3. the lands of Shoker- 

wicke, and in the 50'!" yeare of that kinge of Wittm Mauduit, who by an Inquificon 

then 



25agpart) 

then taken remaininge in the tower of London 50. H. 3. numero. 48. is found to 
have byn contra regem in municione caftri de Merlebge, (Marleburrowe,) et in bello 
de Lewes ; And then held a carucate of land in Beoly, and a yard land in la planch, 
And a yard land in Bagpath, (this wherof I nowe write.) 

3Cltb by another Inquificon in the tower of London, found in the firft yeare of 
kinge Edward the firft, fix yeares after the former, theis lands are found to bee 
holden of Witim Shokerwike, and to have byn in the kings hands a yeare and a day. 

Gtfyig land in the time of kinge Edward the third was the inheritance of John 
Rede, who left two daughters, Maud married to , and Edith, 

married to 

5[ll 15. E. 1. Henry Berkeley of Durfley is by Inq : found to dye feized (inter 
alia) of the manor of Newenton, holden of the kinge in Capite. And by a booke Newenton. 
of knights fees in the Exchequer, fomwhat more ancient then the forefaid Inquificon, 
remaininge with the Remembrancer to the lord Treaforer, ifcnrj) tc 23crftclep 
of Durfley holds Durfley and Newenton of the kinge in Capite by two knights fees. 

3|lt the Court of Pleas at Weftni, Term pafche 26. H. 3. Rot. 1. in dorfo, (elder Church, 
then either of the 2. former records,) the Church of Newton is faid to have beene 
queftioned by Roger de Berkeley, grandfather of John de Berkeley : from which 
record in haft I tooke my notes too fhort. 

25y Rot. paten. 15. E. 3. ps. 2. in dorfo. John de Berkeley de Durfley and 
Hawifia his wife arraigned an Affife againft the Abbot of Kingfwood and others 
for lands and tenements in Coldnewenton. 

3(|| Trin Terme, 14. E. 4. rot. 353. in the Court of coiiion pleas at Weftni, 
John Wikes Efq^ (then lord of Durfley) demaunds againft Edmund Berkeley fonne 
and heire of John Berkeley, ais dic~l John Planch, (of whom are the families of the 
Berkeleys of Shropfhire,) the Manors of Durfley, Newenton Bagpath, and Stanley. 

And the yeare before, by Inquificon 13. E. 4. Thomas Wikes Efq^ is found to 
dye feized of the Manors of Durfley, with Coldnewenton and Bagpath, beinge 
pcells of the manor of Durfley, holden in Capite, by halfe a knights fee ; And that 
John Wikes, fonne of John, fonne of the faid Thomas Wikes, is his heire, 30. 
yeares old. 

And 



75 



76 



70 

Church. 



J^unDrco of SScrfedcp 

And by Inquificon in i. H. 7. it is found That John Wikes dyed feized of the 
Manor of Durfley, with Coldnewenton and Bagpath, pcells therof, as in the Inq : 
13. E. 4. And that Edmond Wikes was his fonne and heire 17. yeares old ; Alfo 
there is another Inquificon in 3. H. 7. Virtute ofncij, after the death of the faid 
John. I 

Afwell by a writt called Ad quod damnum, 10 April. 35. E. 1. As by an In- 
quificon taken by vertue therof the fame yeare, It appeares, That the Abbot of 
Kingfwood purchafed of the Abbot of Glouc. one acre of land in Bagpath, with 
the Advowfons of the churches of Owfelworth and of Weftnewenton, (foe this is 
called,) by way of exchange betweene them, for ten pounds rent in Hafelden and 
Culkerton given by the faid Abbot of Kingfwood to the Abbot of Si Peter of 
Glouc. And that the faid churches are holden of John fonne of Witim de Berkeley 
of Durfley, in ward to the kinge. in pure Almes ; And that the faid io 1 '- rent is 
holden of Peter de Breoufe in pure Almes alfo. 

In payment of the ffifteene or Kingefilver, when it is given to the crowne by 
parliament, Bagpath and Newton are rated togeather with Owfelworth, a fmall 
parifh alfo adioyninge ; The onus or charge of all, in the kings records and bookes 
of the Excheq' — 4'!' 2* The deduction — 10' The remanet paid into the Excheq r 
— 3 IL 12? 

In the laft Subfedy in 5. Rf Caroli, heere were in Bagpath and Newton and 
Owfelworth, which are rated and goe togeather 11. fubfedy men, who paid — 
6'!- 17 s 4 d . 

And of able men for the warre, at a generall Mufter in 6'? Jacobi, aged 
betweene 20. and 60. yeares old who appeared, were — 47. in theis three places of 
Bagpath, Newton, and Owfelworth. 

[Trained Soldiers! ^ nc ^ now are °^ tra y ne ^ fouldiers in Newton and Bagpath vnder Edward 

Stephens of Sodbury their captaine, are — | 



Fifteene. 



Subfedy. 



Able men. 



71 



Baynfyctm. 



Rugbagge. 23flillI);UT» ais Baynham farme is in Rugbagg, a place of ten habitations, And 

before in the defcription of Alkington, faid to bee one of the hambletts or petty 

villages 



25ccftct#?burp— 23cnccombe 77 

villages of that manor : The moft principall meffuage or dwellinge houfe wherin 
was of old called Avenfcourt from the old owners therof, fuch as John de Avone Avenfcourt. 
and Hugh de Avone, fonne of John, whom the ffeoffments of the ancient lords of 
Berkeley in the times of R. 1. kinge John and kinge Henry the third, had made 
owners therof, and of divers other lands in the parifh of Berkeley, in ffee. And 
they in proceffe of time drewe that firname of Avone to them from the water or 
fmall ryver runninge neere vnto it : And was anciently held of the lords of Berke- 
ley by knight fervice, and the yearly rent of — 40?, which was the true worth and 
improved yearly value at the firft grant and refervacon therof : As I fhall after 
write in other poffeffions which they had in Pedington, Wike, and other places : 
ffrom this name of Avone theis lands whereof I nowe write called Bainham farme 
were in the times of kinge Edward the third the lands of John Walton, by maryage 
of the heire of Avone : And after a fewe difcents fell into the name of Trefray, 
and after to the name of Kendall, And by the Attainder of John Kendall of high 
treafon in the firft yeare of kinge Henry the feaventh for takinge part with kinge 
Richard the third, who then did weare the Crowne, and then flayne at Bofworth 
feild. The fame came to the family of Dineley ats Dingley, by the grant of kinge 
Henry the 8'. h , wherof fee much more at large in Pedington, and Wike, hamblets 
within the manor of Hame ; fol : 313. and fol : 386. And is nowe the inheritance 
of ffrancis Dingley holden of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite. | 

Becketsburte. 72 

25ccftct^?burp is a fortreffe or Campe place, fortified with double trenches, at 
the browe of a fteepe and precipitious hill in Weftridge wood within the parifh of 
Wotton vnderedge, caft vp as traditions goe in the time of kinge Henry the fecond, 
what time contention raged and many comotions were raifed in many parts of this 
kingdome in favour of Thomas Becket then Archbifhop of Canterbury, done to 
death by the meanes of that kinge as was then beleived in his Metropolitan Church 
of Canterbury ; the ftory wherof is at large delivered in moft of our comon Englifh 
Chronicles, whither I fend my reader. Of this place, fee after fol : 404. | 

Bcnccombc. 73 

23cnfCOm&C ats Bencombe : An ancient farme houfe cofnonly called Bencombe 
place, and Claviles place, which though it bee within the parifh of Ewley yet is in 

the 



7 8 J^imorcb of 23crhrirp 

the tythinge of Combe, one of the hamblets of the manor of Wotton fforren ; And 
appeareth at the Leet of Berkeley hundred, (which alfo Ewley doth,) holden yearly 
at Berkeley, not as an inhabitant of Ewley but as of Combe ; And is (as turne 
cometh,) chofen Tythingman of and for Combe : And is holden of George lord 
Berkeley as of his manor of Wotton fforren afore faid, by knight fervice, fuite to 
his hundred court of Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes, and by the yearly 
rent of — xf And hath had the reputacon of a fmall Manor, with fome cheife rents 
in Cowley and other places belonginge vnto it. 

It was of old in the times of R. I. and kinge John the land of Peter de Ewley 
and other of his name, as Walter de Ewt and others, but by the grant of what lord 
of Berkeley I have not found, though doubtles of one of the firfl of thofe lords : 
About the begininge of H. 3. time, Peter de Ewley gave the fame in franke 
maryage to Matilda ats Maude his daughter, then maryed to Walter de Bencombe, 
who had iffue Robert de Bencombe, who by Maud his wife had iffue John 
Bencombe, who had iffue Agnes his daughter and heire maryed to John Clavile 
in the time of E. 3, who, betweene them had iffue Robert Clavile a Burgeffe ot 
Briftoll, By whofe death in 19. R. 2, the fame difcended to William Clavile, father 
of Robert, father of Richard, father of Robert, father of Wiftm, father of Giles 
Clavile ; by whofe death in 43. Eliz. the fame difcended to William his fonne and 
heire, then aged about 70. yeares, and a batchelor : But the fame yeare, maryinge 
with Elizabeth a younge gentlewoman, daughter of Edward Baffett Efquire then 
dwellinge at Ewley, did by his Deed dated the 21* of May Anno 43. Eliz. pd, con- 
vey to her vfe the ffee fimple of this, and all other his lands ; And fhortly after 
dyed, leavinge her (as talke comonly was) both a widowe and maid ; who in 
January after, A? 44. Eliz. maryed with Thomas Pointz, fecond fonne of Mathew 
Pointz Efq^ then of Alderley, who have a plentifull pofterity and are ftill livinge, 
inhabitinge vpon this ancient farme place or Capitall Meffuage. 

What time this laft Wittm Clavile did his firft fuite at the three weekes Court 
of pleas for the hundred of Berkeley holden at Berkeley after the death of his 
father, for this land then lately difcended vpon him, hee ferioufly complained to 
74 mee of his fortune, farre worfe then of other men ; enforced | through the old age 
of his father to ftay for his fathers lands, till himfelfe was now become above 70. 
yeares old ; The next newes of him I heard, was firft of his maryage, and next of 
his death, and his wives inheritinge of his land from all kindred, wherof hee had 
many of his name. 

In 



25coIcp 79 

In the great Pipe roll in the Exchequer, in 46. H. 3, Robertus filius Walteri 
de Benecombe et Matilda vxor eius debent vnam mca pro habenda affifa. And by 
Rot Paten the fame yeare in 46. H. 3. in dorfo, in the tower of London, An Affife 
was tryed betweene the faid Walter Bencombe and Maud his wife, and Wittm 
Berkeley of Durfley, for lands at Bencombe. 

By an old rentall of the Manor of Wotton in the time of kinge E. 1. Robertus 
de Benecumb tenet vna virgata terre p redd p ann ad 4. term — x* et feftam Curise 
de 3. in 3. fept, et fervicium regale, et denarios fci Petri. 

As for proofes for the tenure, And of 2. or 3. wardfhips which in feverall ages 
have thervpon byn had, I have therof elfwhere written in another booke. 

The faid William Clavile left two brothers, ffrancis and Robert, who pretended 
title to theis lands after their brother William his death, but in vaine : who after 
releafed by their feverall Deeds to the faid Thomas Pointz and his heires in A° 5. 
Jacobi 1607. By the name of a Capitall meffuage and farme houfe called Bencombs 
place, with all lands therto belonginge in Vley, Bagpath, Wotton vnderedge, Cow- 
ley, and Slimbridge. 

3colcy. 75 

23ctllcp, written alfo Beleigh, and Beele, is an ancient capitall Meffuage called 
Beoley farme, or the farme of Beoley, with 100. acres of ground or therabouts 
therto belonginge, in the parifh of Berkeley and tithinge of Came, which hath 
heertofore beene in fome records reputed and called a manor, but was not nor is ; 
nowe the inheritance of Edward Try gent and wheron hee dwelleth, by a late 
purchafe by him made of Wittm Trye of Hardwicke Efq^ his eldeft brothers fonne 
and heire, in 7. Caroli, as after followeth ; holden of the Caftle of Berkeley by 
knight fervice and fute of court to the hundred of Berkeley from 3 weekes to 3 
weekes, whereat one halfe pehy cheife rent is yearly accuftomably received by the 
lord Berkeleys reeve of his manor of Hurft, neereft to which manor Beoly is, And 
as I take it, fome fcattered parts therof within Hurft. 

This Meffuage and land with certaine other lands called Inwoods in Stinch- 
combe within the parifh of Came, were by Maurice lord Berkeley the fecond lord 

of 



80 ©unbred of 25crhrlcp 

of that name, about the third yeare of kinge Edward the firft, given to Sir Robert 
Berkeley knight fecond fonne of him the faid lord Maurice, and to his heires ; As 
alfo at or neere the fame time was the manor of Arlingham, as before I have written 
fol : 53. See more in fol : 347, 345. 

This Sir Robert Berkeley who dyed about 28. E. 1. left this land of Beoley to 
Thomas Berkeley his fecond fonne, and his heires, cofhonly therby called Thomas 
of Beoly, who (as an Inquificon in the Tower of London in 15. E. 2. concerninge 
rebdls lands fheweth,) was found to have adhered and taken part with Maurice 
lord Berkeley his cozen againft that kinge and Hugh Earle Spenfer, wherby his 
land of Beoly came to that kinge by Efcheate, and foe continued for about 5. yeares, 
till by the revolucon of time that kinge was taken and brought prifoner to Berkeley 
caftle, where hee was mod barbaroufly murdered, as in the life of that lord Maurice 
and of the lord Thomas his fonne and heire, I have more largely written in my 
hiftory of their family ; And in I.E. 3. this Thomas was reftored to theis lands 
with the meane profitts, to hold as before of old hee did, as by a generall Act of 
parliament in 1. E. 3. appeares. 

This Thomas Berkeley of Beoley, by Maud his wife, had iffue John and 
Margaret, and dyed about 6. E. 3. which John dyed in his minority without iffue in 
20. E. 3. then in ward to the faid Thomas lord Berkeley for this land, leavinge the 
faid Margaret his fifter and heire ; who was firft maryed to Walter Shoile, by whom 
fhee had noe iffue, and after remaryed to Raph Try (written fomtimes Rawly n,) 
who had iffue William who dyed in the life of his father without iffue, and John 
Try who dyed in , leavinge iffue John Trye, (for by Wittm his elder brother 

was noe iffue ;) And the faid John by Katherine his wife daughter and heire of | 
76 Nicholas Tuffely, had iffue William Try, who by I fable his wife daughter of James 
lord Berkeley and fifter of William Marques Berkeley, (whom hee maryed in 16. E. 
4.) had iffue William Trye, and dyed in 13. H. 7. (the faid Ifable dead 6. yeares 
before,) which William fonne of William, by Anne his wife daughter of Thomas 
Baynham Efquire, and widowe of M' Clifford, had iffue Edward Trye, and dyed 
in 16. H. 8. The faid Edward dyed in 18. H. 8. within 3. yeares after the death 
of his father, and by Sibill his wife left iffue John Trye, who dyed 23- H. 8. levinge 
iffue John Trye, by Elizabeth his wife daughter and coheire of M' Gurney of 
Suffolke ; which John fonne of John dyed in 33. Eliz. and by Margaret his wife 
daughter of M'. Skipwith, left iffue Wittm Trye, who dyed in 8. Jacobi. And by 
Mary his wife daughter of William Tirrell had iffue William Trye, before mencbned 

to 



25cchclcp 

to have alyened to the faid Edward his vncle in fee. Of this pedegree fee fol : 345. 
362. 

More of this ancient farme or Capital Meffuage is to bee read in theis 
Records, vz, 

Inquifitio. t>7- E. 3. de feodis de Berkeley in Sccio. per fervic militare. 



Inq 
Inq 
Inq 
Inq 
Inq 
Inq 



13. H. 7. poft mortem Wirli Trye. 

16. H. 8. poft mortem Wirli Trye. 

18. H. 8. poft mortem Edfi Trye. 

33. H. 8. poft mortem Joftis Trye. 1 ps in Com Lincoln. 

8. Jacobi, poft mortem Wirli Trye. 

1 7 Caroli poft mortem Edri Try : tent de Georgio Dno Berkeley et 



p Secla Cur et p quod ferviciu ignorant. 

An Inquificon in 50. H. 3. n" 48. And another in 1. E. 1. finde, That Wittm 
Mauduit held a Carucate of land in Beoley of the lord Berkeley, and halfe a yard 
more there of the lord of Kingfton in Hurft in the parifh of Slimbridge : which 
halfe yard land came fhortly after to the Abbot of Kingfwood, and is nowe the fee 
of 

And more, 9. acres of land and 3. acres of meadowe in Beoley of Peter of Stintef- 
combe. And more, 1. meffuage and 1. yard land in Beley of Henry Berkeley de 
Durfley : And was attainted of felony and hanged, for beinge againft the kinge in 
the feidge of Marleborowe and in the battell of Lewes, And that the kinge had 
had the yeare, day, and waft. This came fhortly to the Abbot of Kingfwood, and 
is nowe the fee of 

By deed about 12. H. 3. Tho : lord Berkeley gave to Henry his fonne in fee, 
tota rudiggam Suam de Buleia, quae fuit de dominico fuo de Cam, et tendit de 
regali ftrato de longo in longum vfq^ ad pontem de Beleia : Salvo regali fervicio, 
tantu fctt quantu ad dimidiam virgatam terrae ptinet. Redd — & d . pan. In Berkeley 
Caftle I 

Berkeley. 

2$crhricp: In the booke called Domefdei written Berchelai, And in the Saxon 
tongue Beorkenlau : The place I heere defcribe is the Burgh, Burrowe or Market 
towne of Berkeley, and the Caftle adioyninge therto, holden of the kinge by knight 

fervice 

M vol. in 



77 



82 ^urtDrco of 23crfedcp 

fervice in Capite ; And as it were The head or principall place of the Barony of 
Berkeley, the jpYent inheritance of George lord Berkeley. 

Of this Towne the booke of Domefdei hath only thus : Ibi vnum forum in 
quo manent 17. homines, et reddunt cenfum in firma ; wherof read more in the 
defcription of Hame. fol : 209. 

Markett j n this towne a market is holden each Tuefday, by the grant of kinge Henry 

the fecond made in the firft yeare of his raigne to Robert the fonne of Hardinge 
and his heires, wherby the kinge granted to him to have in his Manor of Berkeley, 
liberum marcheium cum omnibus libertatibus quae ad marcheium 1 pertinent, qua- 
cunque die feptimanae voluerit, et monetam cum proprio monetario fuo ; vz, A free 
market with all liberties to a market belonginge, what day of the weeke him beft 
liked, and money there of his owne ftampinge or Coynage : Whervpon Tuefday 
was chofen, which fo continueth to this day : yet it is apparant by the faid booke of 
Domefdei that here was a market in the time of William the Conqueror, and 
before in the time of Edward the Confeffor, if forum, fignify there a market. 

ffaire. But I finde not that the lords of this market towne had any faire heere before 

that Thomas lord Berkeley the fourth of that name did in the 18'! 1 yeare of kinge 
Richard the fecond, obtaine of that kinge to have one there holden, on the Vigill 
and day of the invention of holy Croffe, called Holy Rood day, in May with all 
liberties and free cuftomes to fuch a faire apptaininge, which foe alfo continueth to 
this day ; contentinge themfelves with the faires formerly obtained in their town- 
fhips of Wotton, Durfley, Newport, and Cambridge, within their hundred of 
Berkeley, (not mentioninge the market and faire granted to the Abbot and Covent 
of S' Auguftines in their manor of Almondeibury, wherof I have formerly written,) 
as in the defcription of thofe places is to bee read : The reafon wherof feemes in 
part to have beene, for that in times foe active and ftirringe as all thofe former ages 
were, the lords of this towne would not drawe fuch a concourfe of people of all 
forts, as then when the way to London was fcarce frequented, accuftomably reforted 
to Cuntry faires, foe" neere to their Caftle gates, wherby foe important a peece 
might by their oppofites fodainly and eafily have been furprifed. Which name alfo 
Burgh, of Burgh or Burrowe, notes vnto vs from the Saxon, that the place very anciently 
78 was fortified, the prints wherof in | fome places not yet digged downe and wafhed 
out ; The name alfo of Lockfaft-bridge yet remaininge, leadinge to the towne from 
Hame over the further ewe or water, fcemeth to imply as much. 

from 

1 See Ante, Note B, Vol. I., page 62. 






S&crhclcp 83 

jfroitl which lord Robert this Burrowe and market towne by his death in 17. 
H. 2. difcended and came to the lord Maurice his fonne and heire ; And by his 
death in 1. R. 1. to the lord Robert his fonne and heire ; And by his death without 
iffue in 4. H. 3. to the lord Thomas his brother and heire ; And by his death in 
28. H. 3. to the lord Maurice his fonne and heire ; And by his death in 8. E. 1. to 
the lord Thomas his fonne and heire; And by his death in 14. E. 2. to the lord 
Maurice his fonne and heire ; And by his death in 20. E. 2. to the lord Thomas 
his fonne and heire ; who, A die pafche in vnii menfem in 23. E. 3. by ffine, 
(as alfo by Deeds,) entayled this (amongft other manors and lands) with a render 
to himfelfe for life, The remainder to Maurice his fonne and heire apparant 
and the heires males of his body, the remainder to the faid lord Thomas and the 
heires males of his body, the remainder to the right heires of him the faid lord 
Thomas : By whofe death 12. yeares after in 35. E. 3, it came to the poffeffion of 
the faid lord Maurice ; And by his death in 42. E. 3. to the lord Thomas his fonne 
and heire ; And by his death in 5. H. 5. without iffue male of his body, to the lord 
James his nephew and heire male, as beinge fonne a nd heire of Sir James, who 
dyed 6. H. 4. brother of the faid lord Thomas : And by the death of the faid lord 
James in 3. E. 4. to the lord William his fonne and heire; who in 21. E. 4. was 
created Vifcont Berkeley, And in 1. R. 3. Earle of Nottingham, And in 3. H. 7. 
Sfl^arqucg 25crftdcp, with the Offices of Earle Marfhall and great Marfhall of Eng- 
land ; Which William in 4. H. 7. entayled this manor (amongft many others) with 
a render to himfelfe and the heires of his body, The remainder to that kinge H. 7. 
and to the heires males of his body, the Remainder to the right heires of him the 
faid William ; By whofe death the 14 th of ffebr : in the 7* yeare of that kings 
raigne, without any iffue of his body, This of Berkeley and many others, by that 
and other fifines and conveyances, came to that kinge and the heires males of his 
body, And from him to his fonne kinge Henry the 8* and the heires males of 
his body, And from him to his fonne kinge Edward the fixth, who dyed without 
iffue male or female; wherby after 61. yeares, 4. monthes, and 20. daies, this 
Berkeley Towne with many other manors, entailed upon kinge H. 7. as aforefaid, 
reverted to Henry lord Berkeley as right heire to the faid William lord Marques 
Berkeley, then | of the age of Nyneteene yeares ; As beinge fonne and heire of 79 
Thomas lord Berkeley, who dyed in 26. H. 8, fonne and heire of Thomas lord 
Berkeley who died in 24 H. 8, brother and heire of Maurice lord Berkeley who 
died without iffue in 15. H. 8, fonnes of Maurice lord Berkeley who died in 22. 
H. 7, brother and heire of the faid William lord Marques Berkeley. And by the 
death of the faid Henry lord Berkeley in 11. Rf. Jacobi, the fame difcended to 

his 



H $)untircb of 23crfedcp 

his grandchilde and heire George lord Berkeley aforefaid, forme of Sir Thomas 
Berkeley knight, only fonne of the faid lord Henry, who dyed in 9. Jacobi pet. ; 
which is fomwhat the more pticulerly heere fet downe, becaufe I intend to this 
place to referre other Manors of like difcent and conveyances : As alfo I may my 
reader to theis Exchequer records, vz, Mich : Rec. 1. Mar. Rot. 50. Pafch : 1. 
Eliz. Rot. 36. Original : 1. et. 2. Ph : & Mar. 2. ps. Rot. 68. Original 2. ps. 2. 
et 3. Ph : & Mar. Rot. 73. And inrolled with the Auditors, Mich term, 4. et 5. 
Ph : & Mar. bis. 

Cf)i£ towne of Berkeley is feated on an hill and hill fide though not of the 
greateft, confiftinge of theis ftreets, vz, High ftreet, Salter ftreet, Marybroke ftreet 
ats Madbrook ftreet, Redcum ftreet, Canonbury ats Spurryers ftreet, and S' 
Michaells lane : with fome others, whofe houfes are longe fince decayed : ffrom 
hence it beholds Cottefwald hills, the fforreft of Deane, the river of Severne, and 
the city of Gloucefter, fower remarkeable eminencies. 

Cf)C Towne it felfe was fo much demolilhed in the raignes of kinge Henry the 
fixt and of kinge Edward the fowerth, through the incurfions futes and feidges laid 
about it, and the Caftle adioyninge, by Richard Beauchamp earle of Warwicke and 
his wives coheires, That the ftreet called S' Michaell ftreet, and fome others, are 
not now to bee found, other then in old Rentalls and evidences before that time, 
which declare that fuch there were ; And that thirty pounds of old rent which 
before thofe devaftations it yealded to the lord is nowe as ever fince come downe 
to Ten pounds per ann : confiftinge only of 80. houfliolds at this day: And in many 
old Deeds is called nolu Vlilla, but where or how neere to it fcctlljJ trilla, the old 
towne, was feated, or whether in part of this that nowe is, I canot affirme. 

Qtt)C Towne vnderlyeth the government of a Maior and his brethren, fuch as 
have byn maiors ; But was never any other incorporaam but by prefcription, nor 
ever had any Burgeffe for the parliament, which I have much fought after : yet 
divers grants have very anciently byn made to them by the name of the Burgeffes| 
80 «md marchants of Berkeley their heires and affignes ; By which words Maurice 
lord Berkeley in 46. H. 3. releafed to them all exaction and clayme of Toll, and 
all kinds of Thallage or Toll which hee had or might demaund of them. And 
Thomas lord Berkeley, father of the faid lord Maurice, about 20. H. 3, granted to 
the Burgeffes of Berkeley to have comon of pafture without the Towne of Berke- 
ley, as they were wont to have, And that none of them fhould bee chofen Reeve 
againft his will, And that no Attachments fhould bee made in the Burrow of 

Berkeley 



23crftclcp 85 

Berkeley but by the Reeve or bayly of the burrowe : But however affaires have 
gone of old the inhabitants may bee faid to have at this day, nonicn jjiltC tC ; and 
may better boaft of their market Townes antiquity, then the towne of their abillity 
or government amongft themfelves. 

CljC little ryver that arifeth in Nibley a village three miles from Berkeley, hath 
its courfe by the fide of this towne, and thence into the river of Severne about a 
myle belowe the towne ; which when it meeteth with fait water fomwhat above 
Berkeley, it loofeth its name of Doverley, And then againft the towne of Berkeley 
a little beneath the towne mill, ats the Caftle mill, maketh a pretty fafe haven clofe 
by the towne fide, whither barkes of 40. tunnes and more doe come and fafely ride 
at fpringe tides : ffrom whence in times paft great profits came to the lords of this 
burrowe towne, as appeares by many of their evidences which I have read for warf- 
age and Toll, which may feeme to have caufed the purchafinge of thofe charters in 
the time of kinge Henry the third formerly mentioned ; noe other memoriall therof, 
in effect, now remaininge, fave of two pence for wheelage, taken by the Maior for 
every wayne load of coale, wyne, oyle, fait, and the like, there vnladen and caryed 
through the towne. 

311 race of ancient freeholders (wherof Robert Avery who lived in the time of Aver >' s ftocke and 

Averys land, 
kinge Edward the fecond, fonne and heire of Richard Avery, was the laft of that 

firname,) have by their longe poffeffion and feifin of divers lands and tenements 

neere adioyninge to this haven and place of landinge and vnladinge of marchandize, 

given not only the name of Averies ftocke to this place, But to his old mantion 

houfe alfo adioyninge called Averyes place, to this day ; though the ftocke called 

Averyes and the landinge place of wares bee parcell of the waft ground of the 

manor ; which meffuage and lands by the heire generall of Robert Avery came to 

John Payne, who in 26. H. 6. conveyed part of thefe lands to John Dirlinge and 

I fable his wife, daughter and heire of William Skott, and to the heires of their 

bodies, The remainder to John Thorpe of Wainfwell and Margaret his wife, and to 

the heires of their bodies, with divers remainders over ; The eftate tayle of j 

Dirlinge and his wife was foone fpent ; wherby the fame came to John Thorpe and 81 

Margaret his wife, who had iffue Richard Thorpe father of Thomas Thorpe, father 

of Thomas, father of Nicholas, father of George, who in 15. Regis Jacobi fold the 

fame to Thomas Machin and his heires; who fince fold the fame to Walter Abevan. 

CftC other part of theis Averies lands and Averyes place, the faid I fable wife 
of John Dirlinge, in her widowhood, in the firft yeare of kinge E. 4. granted to 

Wittm 



86 ^unbrcD of 25crhclcp 

Wittm Ruffell, ats Gwittam and to Margery his wife her daughter, and to their 
heires ; which after came to the forefaid family of the Thorps of Wanifwell, and fold 
by the faid George Thorpe to the faid Thomas Machin by the fame conveyance. 

Alfo I have feene a Deed dated n. Julij. 3. E. 4. wherby Richard Clavile and 
Agnes his wife, granted to John Thorpe and to Margaret his wife, and to the heires 
of the faid John, one houfe and 4. fhops infra le Averyes, cum vna porta ibm et 
pcella terrae iuxta eandem terram, ac vna paflura vocat Averyes greene iuxta curfum 
aquae Sabrinae, et vnii Croftu ibm et vnu aliud croftu, boundinge them pticulerly, 
which the faid Richard Clavile and Agnes had, (faith this deed,) ex feoffamento 
Wifti Ruffell als Gwittam Ruffell et Margeriae vxori eius ; which nowe Thomas 
Machin hath as aforefaid. 

And fuch of ancient daies feemes to have byn the concourfe of people to this 
market towne, And therby the vent or vtterance of drinke, That the Tolcefters or 
brewings of ale, for foe I englifh the latine word (tolceftrum,) at the Innes and Ale- 
houfes, yealded yearly to the lord therof — f\- and 8 1! .' after the rate of 4"? and 6 d . for 
every brewinge, which intimates a vaft proportion ; which now is not one penny 
and yet a maffe of ale and beere drowned in the gutts of drunkards. And vfually, 
till the end of kinge Edward the third, were 4. Leets or Lawdaies, viewes of franke 
pledge, yearly held in this towne, wherat fuch prefentments were, which fince have 
byn reduced to two. 

Parifh Church. Qityc parifh church feated in this towne anfwereth in greatnes to the large 

extent of the parifh, built at firft as it feemeth with aptnes and relation to the 
greatnes of the lords demefne lands, and his numbers of Tenancies within the 
limitts therof; which from the place called ffillimores bridge by Hurft, which 
parteth it from Slimbridge parifh, to the further end of Hille ats Hull, next Old- 
bury, which parteth it from Thornbury parifh, is eight longe miles in a rich and 
fruitfull foile; And from the midft of Severne (acroffe the former length) to Marten 
82 and Swynburne bridges in Nibley, which parteth it from | the parifh of Wotton, 
(to which Church Nibley is a Chaple,) neere as many miles more ; wherby it may 
feeme there was good caufe for the Abbotts of S' Auguftine by Briftoll for their 
buildinge of eight tythe Barnes of noe meane greatnes for the Inninge of the tyth 
corne therof, which yet there continue; As the Tyth barne of Canonbury, of Hame, 
of Wike, of Stone, of Blifbury, of Hill, of Oldminfter, and of Bradfton ; within the 
lymit of which Tyth barne of Hame, a cuflome hath anciently prevailed to pay 

three 



2&crhricp 8 7 

three pence in money for the tith hay of every acre mowed, and not in kinde ; 
which received a refolucon accordingly in a fuite betweene Hooper and Mallet in 
38. Eliz. wherin my felfe was a ComilTioner for examinacon of Witneffes. 

In this parifh are two Chaples of eafe, as they are comonly called, Stone, and 
Hill ats Hull, wherof more in their alphabetical! courfes. fol : 225. 355. 

C()C Church and Advowfon of this parifh with its Chappies was by Robert the 
fonne of Hardinge, the firft lord Berkeley in the time of kinge Henry the fecond, 
given (amongft others) to the Monaftery of S' Auguftines aforefaid at his firft 
foundacon therof ; which the Abbot and Covent fhortly after found meanes, with 
the Bifhop of Worcefter and an incumbent of their owne prefentinge, to appropriate 
with others. The guift is in theis words. 

llobcrtlia filtUjOf J^flrDillgi Omnibus hominibus et amicis fuis, et vnhifis fancftae 
ecclefiae fidelibus, ad quos haec carta pveirit, falutem : Sciatis quod cum Diis Rex 
Henr Maner de Berchat et totam Berchalei fcneffe mihi in feodum et hereditatem 
dediffet, et carta fua confirmavit, cum omnibus libertatibus et rebus ad Berchalei 
fineffe pertinentibus, in ecclefiis, in nemoribus, in pratis et pafturis, et in omnibus 
alijs rebus, ficut fuerant tempore H : regis avi fui ; ego confenfu et affenfu ipus dni 
mei regis, Eccleias de Berchalei herneffe, fciit eccleiam de Berchat, et eccleia de 
Wotton, et eccleiam de Beverfton, et eccliam de Effellefwrd et ecctiam de Almondef- 
bur, fingulas cum capellis et terris et libertatibus ad ipas ecctias ptinen, pro falute 
animae m[e]se et Dni mei regis et anteceffo^ meox, et vxoris meae et liberoz meoz, 
Dedi et conceffi ecctie fancli Auguftini de Briftoll, et Canonicis regularibus ibm deo 
fervientibus, in perpetuam et liberam eleemofinam, nullo iure retento mihi vel here- 
dibus meis in prediclis ecctijs cum eas vacare contigerit. Similiter et omnes ecclefias 
de Berchale3 herneffe vbicunq^ fuerint, cum capellis et omnibus omniu pertinentijs, 
dedi et conceffi prediclis canonicis in perpetuam elemofinam, et hac mea carta con- 
firmavi. Hijs teftibus, Henrico decano Moreton et Mauricio fratre eius, Cerino | 
perfona ecctie de Wotton, Galfrido Capellano, Nigello filio Arturi, Reginaldo 83 
perfona ecctie de Cama, Witto de Saltemar, et Adam fratre eius, Helie filio 
Hardingi, Rico fcriptore, et Alano de Bedmeniftra. 

As for the other churches of Berkelei herneffe not heere mentioned (with the 
former) in perticuler, as Cromhall, Came, Horfeild, Slimbridge, Durfley, Vley, Cow- 
ley, Kingfwefton, Arlingham, and fome others, I conceive that they formerly were 

given 



88 J^unbrcb of 23crhricp 

given, either by the faid lord Robert or by kinge Henry or by Mawd the Empreffe 
his mother or by kinge Henry i, to the Monafteries of S! Peter of Glouc, and of 
Readinge, and of others : And the Abbot of Redinge, (of the foundacon of the faid 
Empreffe Mawd,) pretended foe ftronge a title to this of Berkeley and fome others, 
That this Monaftery of S' Auguftines paid to the faid Monaftery of Readinge for 
the fame a pention of— 13^ 6' 8"? from this time till the Diffolucon of both thofe 
Monafteries in 31. H. 8. As in the hiftory and life of the faid lord Robert I have 
elfwhere written. And wherof alfo more (heere to have byn incerted) may bee 
formerly read in Almondefbury fol : 47. And in Arlingham . fol : 55. And in Afhel- 
worth fol : 66. And in Cromhall fol. 165. 

Ct)C Abbot of S' Auguftines beinge thus feazed of theis Churches and Advow- 
fons by the grant of the lord Robert fonne of Hardinge, as aforefaid, They found 
meanes in the time of the lord Maurice his fonne to appropriate and convert to 
their owne vfes and for the better feedinge of themfelves, theis fower churches 
formerly mentioned ; as by the Deed of the Bifhop of Worcefter appeareth, wherof 
the effect and fubftance followeth, as breifly as I could abftracl: the fame : who (faith 
the Bifhop) takinge confideracon of the honeft converfacbn of the Abbotts of this 
monaftery and Cannons there, and of the poverty of their houfe, and of their dili- 
gent care as well in receivinge of ftrangers as in nourifhinge of poore people, doth 
take their whole monaftery churches and ecclefiafticall goods into his protection : 
And to the end the benefits which from the firft foundacon of their houfe have byn 
beftowed on them might more abundantly to Gods honour bee dilated, doth by his 
epifcopall authority grant vnto them that they may convert to their proper vfe the 
fruits of the Churches of Berkeley Wotton Almondefbury and Afhelworth, for 
the fuftentacon of the faid Channons receivinge of guefts and reliefe of poore 
people : Savinge alwaies this dignity of his Church of Worcefter, and honeft 
fuftentacon of the Vicar fervinge in the faid churches. But howe or in what other 
certainty the Vicaridges were nowe or after endowed, I have not yet feene. But 
howe faire foever the gloffe bee, Xuuroun.icons are at this day cenfured by divines 
to bee one of thofe monftrous births of Covetoufnes begotten in the darke night of 
fuperftition and yet fuffered to live in- this day light of the gofpell, to the great 
hindrance of learninge, the impoverifhment of the miniftery, decay of hofpitallity, 
and infamy of our religion and profeffion. | 

84 <ZEf)i0 Church or Appropriation of Berkeley in the hands of the farmors therof 

is accompted worth — 350 H .' by the yeare, in tith graine and hay : And the vicaridge 
worth in leffer tythes — 150'! by the yeare. The 



23erftdep 89 

The appropriation of the Church, as alfo the Vicaridge, which is prefentative, 
belonge to the Deane and Chapiter of Briftoll, of newe erected in 34. H. 8. beinge 
then made one of the ten Deanaries, then by that kinge founded and endowed of 
newe : Of which Church the bleffed virgin Mary was the tutelarly fainte, to whom 
the fame was dedicated : and vnder whofe protection it remained, as divers Deeds 
doe fhewe. 

And if comparifons were as lawfull in the makinge, as comonly they proove 
offenfive in the matchinge, I would reckon this parifh of Berkeley in all valuable 
refpects before any other in this County. 

I have, from the viccar of this parifh, and efpecially from John Hall for many Vicaridge. 
yeares tenant and farmer to Edward Greene vicar, byn informed, that they have 
had 1 10. yea 130. tythe calves, nay more, in one yeare, yet hee that hath fix or 
vnder in a year, paies none ; wherby the greatnes of the breed of Rother cattle 
may bee conceived, which by reafon of the yearly decay of tillage, and convertinge 
arrable ground into pafture, canot but increafe, makinge the vicaridge better, and 
the rectory worfe. 

<!Df able men in this parifh fitt for warre betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, at a A bj e men j n t ^ c 
generall mufter taken by Henry lord Berkeley then Lieutenant of the county, Panfh 
which appeared before him, whofe names ages and abillities of body were then 
taken, and after by my felfe and Clarkes entered into a booke, were — 483. vz, in 
this burrow towne — 97. In Hame manor. 187, In Alkington. 106, In Hinton — 46, 
In Bradfton — 11, And in Hill — 2>7- 

In payment of the fifteene or kingefdver when it is granted by parliament, The ffifteene. 
onus or Charge of this Burrow or market towne is in the exchequer — 3''.- 1 1? S d . q^. 
The deduction for the decay therof is — 20 5 The Remanet paid into the Exchequer 
is 51^ 8"? cjj. by the Collector. 

In the laft Subfedy in the 5* yeare of kinge Charles were in this towne 9. Subfedy. 
fubfedy men, who paid — 3 1 !- 2 s . 8 d . 



And of trayned Souldiers now are vnder Witim Thorpe Efqj their Captaine — Trayned fouldiers. 
8, wherof i. Corflet and 7. mufketts. 



5CnD 



N VOL. Ill 



9° lEjunbrcD of 23crftclcp 

Rates. 3£nb if the whole Divifion called Berkeley divifion (efteemed a 4^ part of the 

whole county,) bee rated to pay in any taxe for Kinge or Cofhon wealth — ioo 1 !, 
This hundred of Berkeley therof paies — 33% 3? And this towne of Berkeley — 4' 

Tyth barne. In the northeaft end of this towne, ftandeth one of the 8. tith barnes called 

Can-bury ats Canonbury barne, worth by the yeare — [blank.] | 

85 The lady Katherine Berkeley, the widow of that Thomas lord Berkeley the 

Chantryes. third lord of that name, who dyed in 35. E. 3, did in the dayes of her hufbands 
grandchilde and heire in 8. R. 2. 1 found a Chantry in the faid parifh church of 
Berkeley, for a Chaplen and his fucceffors perpetually to pray at the Alter of S5 
Andrewe in that church, for the good eftate of her felfe, and of Thomas then lord 
Berkeley, and of the lady Margaret his wife ; endowinge the fame with divers lands 
and tenem" in Berkeley, Alkington, and Hame manors ; ffor which, after an Inqui- 
ficon found vpon a writt of 3tb QUOO Damnum remaininge in the Tower of London 
in 7. R. 2. fhee obtained the kings licence for that alienacon in Mortmaine, And 
thervpon alfo a confirmacon from the Bifliop of Worcefter ; And from that Alter 
was called S' Andrewes Chantry vntill the diffolucon therof in 1. E. 6. ; Out of 
which George lord Berkeley that now is receiveth from the kings receiver an yearly 
cheife rent of — 5 s As likewife his Anceftors have done fince the foundinge therof. 



3'n this church alfo, Thomas lord Berkeley in [ ] E. 3. founded an other 
Of our Lady. Chantry, which was called S! Maries Chantry or our Ladies chantry, endowinge the 
fame with divers lands and tenements in , Out of which the faid 

George lord Berkeley that now is receiveth of the kings receiver an yearly cheife 
rent of — 14' io 1 !, as likewife his anceftors ever did fince the foundinge therof, though 
the inheritance of the faid lands bee longe fince fold away by the Crowne, as after 
followeth. Of the Advowfons of which two Chantries Thomas lord Berkeley is, 
by an Inquificun after his death in 5. H. 5, found to dye feifed. 

Of S. Maurice <y n this Church alfo was another Chantry called the Chantry of S' Maurice 

founded in E. 3. with divers lands and tenements therto given, by 

, for maintenance of the preift celebratinge at that Alter : which 
likewife coiuinge to kinge E. 6. in the firft yeare of his raigne by A61 of parlia- 
ments, were by him granted in fee, As alfo part of the lands belonginge to our 
ladies Chantry, to Burchier, who fold part of them to Hall, 

and 
1 It was founded 7 Rich. II. See Rot. Pat. of that year, pars 2. membr. 1. [Ed.] 



2$crftclcp 

and hee to Edward Hall and William Hall in fee, which William dyed in n. Regis 
Caroli. In which grant the kinge referved a tenure of his Caftle of Berkeley by 
fealty only, wherof that kinge was then feifed, to him and the heires males of his 
body. And the chantry lands belonginge to the chantry in the faid Church called 
Berkeleys Chantry, with fome others, were by kinge E. 6. in the fecond of his 
raigne granted in fee to Sir John Thin and Lawrence Hide, As by the grant in- 
rolled in the Chancery, And after in 3. pte original in fccio. in 2 : E. 6. Rot. 26. 
cum Remeffi Thefaur, appeares. | 



y 



A part of theis chantry lands remained in the crowne from the diffolucon in 
1. E. 6. till 5. Jacobi, when that kinge by his tres patents dated 1. Junij a? 5'.° pd, 
granted the fame (amongft many others) to Sir William Herricke and Sir Arthur 
Ingram and their heires, To hold of Eaft greenwich in free and cofnon foccage, 
paying the ancient rent of, 41* 4?, paid to this day by the heires and affignes of 
Arnold Oldifworth and George Thorpe Efq> s , To whom the faid patentees by their 
Deed inrolled in Chancery, dated 25. Junij. Anno fexto Rf Jacobi pM, fold the fame, 
payinge the rent aforefaid ; fhortly after fcattered by them to other men vpon their 
feverall fales, who amongft them pay the faid rent of — 41? 4? to this day a° 1639. 



86 



Cf)C Lords of this Manor anciently vfed to pay to the bifhop of Worcefter Peter pence, 
yearly — 16 s 1 i d . in the name of Peter pence, And hee the fame (with others) to the 
bifhop of Rome : which beinge vnpaid for certaine yeares by reafon their lands 
came into the hands of kinge Edward the fecond, by the rebellion of Maurice lord 
Berkeley, qui propter inimicitiam et rebellionem fibi impofitas voluntati regis fe 
reddidit, The bifhop was now reftored to have them againe paid vnto him as 
anciently hee had ; As theis Records in the tower of London doe fhewe ; Rot. 
Claufs de terr forisfact. 15. E. 2. ps. 2. membr. 2. And Rot. claus. 16. E. 2. membr. 
26. And Rot. claus. 15. et 16. E. 2. ps. 2. membr. 8. when reftitucon was awarded 
to the bifhop of the faid Peter pence, and all the former matters recited. 



3fa the foutheft end of this towne is feated the Caftle of Berkeley, a great Berkeley CaMe. 
part wherof was built out of the ruines of the Nunnery which flood in the fame 
place, which was demolifhed by the practice of Earle Goodwyn in the time of 
kinge Edward the Confeffor, as formerly hath byn written fol : 1. et 2. The build- 
inge of this Caftle was by kinge Henry the fecond in the time of kinge Stephen, 
whilft the faid Henry was Duke of Normandy, as plainly appeares by a Deed of 
the faid Duke Henries made to Robert the fonne of Harding, wherin the Duke 

doth 



92 i^unDrcb of 23crkrlcp 

doth acknowledge to have covenanted with the faid Robert to build for him there a 
Caftle, accordinge to the will of him the faid Robert, and then gave his oath to 
performe the fame, As alfo did nyne other noble men with the Duke ; The words 
Roberto Berkeley, wherof in the originall deed, are Et pepigi et firmare ibi caftellum fecundum 
voluntatem ipfius Roberti, Et ego per fidem meam affidavi ei pacliones fupradictas 
tenere illi atque heredibus fuis ; Et hoc idem affidavit Reginaldus Comes Cornubije 
&c. And I have covenanted with the faid Robert to build him a caftle at Berkeley 
87 accordinge to his owne defire, And have | alfo fworne to him by my faith to per- 
forme the fame agreement with him and his heires, And the fame with mee is 
fworne by Reginald Earle of Cornwall, and eight others (named in this deed.) 

And to fee this buildinge the better yet performed, the faid Duke Henry, not 
longe before the death of kinge Stephen, came in perfon to Berkeley : howbeit it 
is certaine that at this firft buildinge the Caftle contained noe more then the Inmoft 
of the three gates and the buildings within the fame ; ffor the two vnmoft gates 
and all the buildings belonginge vnto them (fave the Keepe,) were the additions of 
the lord Maurice eldeft fonne of the lord Robert, in the later end of kinge H. 2. 
and of the lord Thomas the fecond of that name, in 6. E. 2. and of the lord 
Thomas the third of that name, in 18. E. 3. And as for the great kitchen, (great 
indeed,) (landing without but adioyninge to the keepe of the caftle, it was the 
worke of kinge Henry the feaventh at his firft entrance into the poffeffion therof, 
about the Nynth yeare of his raigne, fhortly after the death of William Marques 
Berkeley, who had conveyed the fame (amongft others) to that kinge, as before 
appeareth fol : 78. 79. 

Chaples. «Jn this Caftle were of late yeares, (not yet wholly ruined or deformed,) two 

beautifull Chappies or oratories, indowed with divers priviledges from the Bifhops 
of Rome, The one of them in that part of the Caftle called the Keepe, with a 
goodly well of water vnder it, The other at the vpper end of the great hall ftaires 
leadinge to the great dyninge chamber ; And for the devout keepinge of the orna- 
ments therto belonginge, divers allowances were by the Lords yearly made, As by 
divers deeds and accounts in the evidence houfe in this caftle appeares. 

Maurice lord Berkeley the fourth lord of that name, in 3S. E. 3. obtained of 
Pope Vrbane the fecond by his papall Bull and power, That to the end his two 
chaples, the one of our lady the bleffed virgin and the other of S' John Baptift, 
founded in the Caftle of Berkeley, might bee renued and frequented with due 

honors, 






88 



23crhricp 93 

honors, forty dayes of pardon and releafe of the penance enioyned to every one that 
fhould in the faid Chapells in the feftivall daies of the yeare, heare maffes or fay 
kneelinge three ave-maries, or fhould give any veftments ornaments gold filver 
bookes chalices or any other aides of charity to the faid Chaples : And that whofo- 
ever (hall there pray for him that obtained theis prefents, And for the life and good 
eftate of the noble lord Maurice de Berkeley and of the noble Lady Elizabeth his 
wife, and of their children, and for the foules of the lord Thomas his father, And 1 
beinge in purgatory, fhall bee alfo releafed of forty dayes of the penance enioyned 
them : And this | faculty grace or inftrument, for the infalliblenes, is alfo vnder the 
feales of eleaven of that Popes Cardinalls : perhaps alfo fomwhat the rather pro- 
cured by this lords wifdome through the great fchifme of three Popes at once that 
then raigned in the church. 

3lH this Caftle and in this place called the Jkccpc it was where kinge Edward 
the fecond in the dungeon chamber there was foe barbaroufly murdered, wherof I 
have at large already written in the life of the lord Thomas Berkeley the third of 
that name, in my hiftory of that family. 

Out of which dungeon, in the likenes of a deepe broad well goinge fteepely 
downe in the midft of the dungeon chamber in the faid Keepe, was (as tradition 
tells) drawne forth a Toad in the time of kinge Henry the feventh, of an incredible 
bignes, which in the deepe dry duft in the bottome therof had doubtleffe lived there 
divers hundreds of yeares ; whofe portrai6lure in iuft dimention, as it was then to 
mee affirmed by divers aged perfons, I fawe about 48. yeares agone drawne in 
colours vpon the doore of the great hall, and of the vtter fide of the ftone porch 
leadinge into that hall, fince by pargettors or pointers of that wall warned out or 
outworne with time ; which in bredth was more then a foot, neere 16. inches, and 
in length more : Of which monftrous and outgrown beaft the inhabitants of this 
towne and in the neighbour villages round about fable many ftrange and incredible 
wonders, makinge the greatnes of this toad more then would fill a pecke, yea I have 
heard fome who looked to have beleife fay from the report of their fathers and 
grandfathers that it would have filled a bufhell or ftrike, and to have byn many 
yeares fed with flefh and garbage from the butchers ; but this is all the trueth I 
knowe, or dare beleeve. 

ftrinulgt) 

1 There would appear to be fomething omitted here, as is alfo in the Life of the Lord Maurice IV. 
(Vol. II., p. 372,) where this Charter is cited. Perhaps it was the name of the founder's mother, wife of 
the Lord Thomas. [Ed.] 



94 $unorcD of 23erhdcp 

\\ itch in Berkeley. ncinillpl) of <C^C0"tcr in his Polichronicon hath thus of a witch that lived in 

this towne of Berkeley in the beginninge of the raigne of kinge Edward the Con- 
feffor, libro. 5. cap : 25. de a° 1046. which alfo I have read in an old manufcript 
booke called Cljronicon DC , 3Cbhtgt01t, more ancient then the hiftory of firtliuipt), 
remaininge with Sir Robert Cotton, fol : 53. That about that time a certaine 
woman in Berkeley accuftomed to evill arts, when as vpon a certaine day fhee kept 
a feaft, A Chough which fhee vfed delicately to feede cackled more loud and dif- 
tinftly then fhee was wont to doe ; which when fhee heard the knife fell out of her 
hand, her countenance waxed pale, and havinge fetched a deepe groane with a figh 
faid, now this day is the plowe come to my laft furrowe ; which beinge faid, A 
meffenger cominge in declared to her the death of her fonne, and of all her family 
expofed to prefent ruine : The woman prefently lay downe and called to her fuch 
of her other children as were monkes and a nunne, who cominge fhee thus fpake 
vnto them : I a wicked follower of an evill art and worfe life, vainely thought to 
89 have beene | defended by your praiers ; nowe I defire to be eafed by you of my 
torments becaufe Judgement is given againft my foule ; but peradventure you may 
keepe my body if it bee faft fewed in a ftags fkin : make yee for mee a cheft of 
ftone faft bound and cemented with iron and lead, fettinge the fame vpright, and 
alfo bound about with three iron chaines ; vfe fingers of pfalmes for forty nights, 
and pay for foe many maffes by daies ; And if I fhall foe lye for three nights, on 
the fourth day bury my body in the ground ; But all was in vaine ; for in the two 
firft nights which the pfalmes were in foundinge, the divells havinge eafily broken 
the doores as lightly brake the two vtmoft iron chaines ; And on the third night 
about cocke crowinge, the place fhakinge, one with a terrible countenance and of a 
mighty tall ftature, havinge broken open the cover of the cheft comanded the dead 
body to arife, who anfweringe that fhee could not by reafon of the bonds, bee thou 
loofed quoth hee, but to thy woe ; And prefently all the barres beinge broken, hee 
draweth her out of the church and fetteth her vpon a blacke horfe neighinge before 
the doore, and foe went away with loud foundinge cries heard foure miles of; Theis 
things, fay mine authors, although very wonderfull yet are not to bee held incredible 
by any that read the fourth booke of Gregories dialogues, where the devills caft out 
a wicked man buried in the church. 

Thus theis two old authors and fome others : Every mans beleife is left to 
him felfe, and I knowe what my felfe thinketh therof and of the like : but, Haec 
erat in toto notiffima fabula mundo ; bee it a lye or a trueth it was generally 
beleived. 

Learned 



95crfeclcp 95 

Learned Campden in his Britania hath thus ; 23crftdcp is famous for a moft Campden of 
ftronge Caftle ; A Maior who is the head magiftrate, and efpetially for the lords 
thereof difcended from Robert fit3 Harding, to whom kinge Henry the fecond gave 
this place and Berkeley herneffe ; Out of this houfe are branched many knights and 
gent of fignall note ; And in the raigne of kinge Henry the feaventh flourifhed 
William lord Berkeley who was honoured by kinge Edward the fourth with the 
ftile of Vifcont Berkeley, by kinge Richard the third with the honor of Earle 
of Nottingham, (in regard of his mother daughter of Thomas Mowbray Duke of 
Norfolke and Earle of Nottinghm,) and by kinge Henry the feventh with the office 
of Marfhall of England and dignity of Marques Berkeley ; But for that hee dyed 
iffueleffe, theis his titles dyed togeather with him. 

3|f you bee willinge (faith Campden in the fame place) to knowe by what a Mape in bMio- 
crafty fetch Goodwin Earle of Kent, a man moft deepely pregnant in devifinge howe 
to doe iniury, got the poffeffion of this place, you may read a fewe lynes out of 
Walter Mapeus who flourifhed 430. yeares agone, and worth the readinge, beleeve 
mee, they are. Thus Campden. To which words before by mee mentioned in 
fol : 2. et 3. I referre my reader. [ 

Venerable Trevifa, fomtimes Vicar of this Church of Berkeley, in his polichro- 9° 
nicon. lib : 2. ca : 1. fol : 58. tells, that in the time of kinge Edward the third (what 
time hee writt) fome in Ireland had but one bone, all whole in one fide in (lead of 
all his ribbs, as was to him affirmed ; But that Thomas Heyward (then of Berke- 
ley) had in the mould of his head, poll and forehead, but one bone, all whole, which 
hee knoweth : and therfore (faith hee) might well fuffer great ftroakes above on 
his head without hurt. 

(Cf)C Name of this Towne I conceive to bee compounded of two Saxon words: Name - 
vz, Berk, which is Birch : And lei, which fomtimes is place, and fomtimes water : 
And fo from the place of birch trees, (wherof the great old outworne flumps of 
many of that kinde, heere only found, are yet remaininge ; ) Or, from lei which is 
water, a fcituacon moft agreeable to the name, for three fourth parts in the groves 
of thofe trees compaffed with water ; wherto I enclyne, becaufe all the neighbour- 
inge townes of that terminacon, as Nybley, Bradley, Cowley, Durfley, Vley, Wortley, 
Alderley, Hillefley, Stanley, and others, have rivers great or fmall either runninge 
through or clofe by them, or both. 

The 



96 ^unDrcD of 23crfeclcp 

The old booke of Knights fees in the Exchequer taken by Inquificon before 
Richard de Rowell and his fellowes, faith, Thomas de Berkeley holds the Burrowe 
of Berkeley of the kinge in Capite : And that the Abbot of S' Auguftines by 
Briftoll holds the fixt part of the faid towne of the faid Thomas in franke Almes, 
And hee in Capite. 

3tnt) the booke called poinina btHaruni in the fame Court, taken alfo by In- 
quificon in 9. E. 2. faith, That in the hundred of Berkeley are two burrow townes, 
vz, Berkeley wherof Thomas de Berkeley is lord ; And Durfeley wherof John the 
fonne of Wittm Berkeley is lord. 

ffrccllolDg within this burrowe or Market 
towne of Berkeley. 
5'n this towne are fundry freehold lands the inheritance of feverall men, as 
followeth ; wherof in the high-ftreet, is a meffuage with an orchard and garden 
called the Hall, and divers other burgage houfes and lands in this towne, Alking- 
ton, and Hineton tithings, fomtimes the lands of Robert Pointz, and after of Phillip 
Berkeleis lands Waterton of Waterton in Wales ; To whom Thomas lord Berkeley the fourth of 
that name, firft in 1. H. 4. gave the fame for his life, and after in 1. H. 5. gave the 
fame to him in taile ; And after of Thomas Berkeley Efquire yongefl fonne of 
gi James lord Berkeley, which Thomas by Margaret | his wife daughter and heire 
of Richard Guy of Mynfterworth, heire in tayle to the faid Phillip Waterton, had 
iffue John Berkeley and fix other fonnes and daughters, of whom are difcended the 
Berkelies of Worcefterfhire, Shropfhire, and other places ; which lands the faid 
Thomas and Margaret by their Deed in 20. E. 4. fetled vpon the faid John their 
eldeft fonne in tayle, with dius remainders over ; And after, the faid Thomas dyed 
at Berkeley in 2. R. 3. buried in the chancell of that church as his marble tombe- 
flone Iheweth ; The faid John Berkeley died in 28. H. 8. leavinge iffue John and 
Thomas, which John fonne of John dyed in his yonger yeares without iffue in 31. 
H. 8. wherby theis lands difcended to the faid Thomas his brother and heire, which 
Thomas Berkeley by his deed dated 1. Dec. 4. et 5. Ph : & Mar : aliened a meffu- 
age with the appurtenants in Berkeley to Thomas Atwood of Hinton and his 
in ires, called Brewarne houfc in highllreet, next the land of the heires of Richard 
Berkeley on the north part, which is nowe the inheritance of 

And the faid Thomas Berkeley afterwards by his other deeds in 6. et 7. Eliz : fold 
Ids lands in Hinton to Anthony Hurne, father of John and Anthony, wherof read 

more 



more in Hinton. fol : 231. And dyed at Berkeley in 20. Eliz : leavinge iffue Jone 
and ffrances : Jone was firft maryed to Morgan Griffith of Berkeley, to whom the 
faid Thomas Berkeley about the time of their marriage in 14. Eliz : conveyed part 
of his lands in Berkeley, and one clofe containinge about three acres in the place 
called the further Aclrees, to hold to them in fpeciall tayle, the remainder in fee to 
Jone : And in Eafter terme a? 14. Eliz. {M, levied a fine therof : which Morgan and 
Jone had iffue one fonne and two daughters, of whom is iffue : After the death of 
Morgan, the faid Jone was remaryed to Richard Oldland of Berkeley, by whom alfo 
fhee had iffue. And the faid ffrances Berkeley fifter of the faid Jone was maryed 
to John Smyth of Midleton, in Hinton, and had iffue John Smyth that yet liveth 
and 8. other fonnes and daughters : The pofterities of which Jone and ffrances have 
fo fcattered theis lands by their feverall fales, That very little if any remaineth in 
difcent at this day : And wheras the meffuages and lands in this burrowe or market 
towne were (amongft other fervices) holden by the cheefe rent of 22! the fame is at 
this day paid by theis owners of feverall parts therof. viz!, Edward Huntley paies 
—1 if James Baily — 5 s Robert Atkins, — 20? Richard Laverance — 20 1 ? Wittm 
Harvey — 20^ for one Tenement, And 12* for another : And fome others purchafors 
hold other parts, who pay no part of the faid rent, | as 9 2 

, But whether the fame bee holden by knight 
fervice, or in Soccage, I certainly know not. See the Court rolls of Berkeley — 
31 H. 8. And 

Alfo in this market towne is an ancient Inne or wine Taverne, the figne of er eey 
the Ivy bufli only, now in the tenure of Charles Jaye gen, which havinge byn my 
rendevous for 48. yeares or more, I may not without ingratitude to the Bufli which 
fo long agone firft beckened mee thither, paffe by, and not declare that it was an 
ancient part of the poffeffions of the great Monaftery of S' Johns Jerufalem in 
England, whofe principall Houfe was in or neere the Parifh of Clerkenwell, without 
Smyth feild barres by London : And that by the diffolucon of that Monaftery in the 
31. H. 8. it came (with all other the Pryors poffeffions) to that kinge, who in the 
yeare of his raigne (amongft other things,) granted the fame to Maurice Butcher 
ats Burchier, who was father of William father of Thomas, who maryed with 
ffortune the daughter of Thomas Cole, after her hufbands death remaryed to 
Arthur Came, by whom fhee had iffue Thomas Came that now is : Which Thomas 
Butcher dyinge without iffue, this Inne difcended to his fower fifters and heires, vz, 
Elizabeth maryed to Edward Wallington, who had iffue Wittm Wallington of 
Wotton that nowe is, (1638.) Jone maryed to Thomas Bayly of Hame, who had 

iffue 



9 8 



$unt>tcD of 53crfedcp 

iffue Jone, maryed to William Laverance of Berkeley that nowe are : Sarah, 
maryed to Richard Hickes of Bevington, who had iffue Hickes : And 

Martha maryed to John Smyth of Painthurft, after of Berkeley, who was the eldeft 
fifter, and had iffue William Smyth and others : And at this day three parts of this 
Taverne are the inheritance of the faid William Wallington, and the ^ part of the 
faid William Laverance, in right of his faid wife. Out of which and other lands in 
this towne fometimes the faid Burchiers, George lord Berkeley lord of this manor 
receiveth an yearly cheefe rent of — 8 s but I rather conceive that the rent is iffuinge 
out of the other lands and noe part out of this ; concerninge which rent queftion 
hath byn twice moved before mee as Steward there, yet vndetermined. | 



93 %\&Q in this Burrowe towne are two meffuages orchards and gardens which 

Hickes land. f a ' tn an Inquificon in the Chancery in 38. H. 8. found after the death of John 
Hickes of Tortworth, are holden of the Caftle of Berkeley by the yearly rent of 
five {hillings fower pence and fute of Court. And of another meffuage and curtel- 
age in Berkeley holden of the Manor of Canonbury late parcell of the poffeffions 
of theMonaftery of S' Auguftines by Briftoll, by the yearly rent of — 16^ And that 
John Hickes was fonne and heire of the faid John, then 4. yeares old, who dyed in 
Eliz : leavinge iffue Thomas Hicks, who dyed in 42. Eliz : leavinge iffue 
Wittm Hickes then 6. yeares old, As the Inquificon after his death that yeare found, 
doth fhewe. Which William hath lately fold theis meffuages and lands by feverall 
Conveyances to Charles Jaye gen, and to George Carpenter, and their heires : And 
the firft menconed John who dyed in 38. H. 8. was fonne of Richard fonne of 
John Hickes, who dyed 23. H. 7. Of which name and family fee more in Beving- 
ton in Hame fol : [103] 

Berkeley church. (ConCCrilhlSC the Church of Berkeley and the Prefentacons to the vicarage 

therof, and of prefentacons in divers kings times to the Chantryes in that Church, 
at the Alters of our lady S! Mary the Virgin, and of S' Andrewe, and of S! Maurice: 
And to the Chantry in Newport : and to the Chantry at the Alter of our blcffed 
Lady in the Chaple of Stone founded by John Sergeant, And the manner of pay- 
ment of Peter pence in this parifli of Berkeley, more is to bee read in the Regifters 
office with the Bifhop of Worcefter, but not much inlarginge nor any thinge 
differinge from what is before written. Only I will fomwhat more fully then before 
heere fhewe, That kinge H. 8. by his ires patents dated 18. Novembr : 34. regni 
fui, granted (inter alia) Decano et Capitulo ecciise cathedralis fee et individue Trini- 
tatis Briftott, Omnes illas recftorias, capellas, et ecclefias de Berkeley Herons, &c. 

Ac 



2?ctocrgronc 99 

Ac omnia maneria, mefs, terras, decimas, &c. in Wike, Stone, Bevington, Bradfton, 
Canbury, ats Canonbury, Oldminfter, Hame, Hill, Berkeley Herons, et Wapley in 
Com Glouc. Hend fibi et eoru fuccefforibus. &c. Tenend de nobis hered et 
fuccefforibus firis in pura et ppetua eleemofyna, Reddendo p Ann ad feftu Sci 
Micfeis in Sccio pro oibus in iris paten contentis — 85'!- 10*, William Snowe then the 
firfl Deane And then had a large rental! of each pticuler contained in the ires 
patents delivered to them. All which I had the advantage, to take theis notes out 
of, as they were given in Evidence at Lent Affifes Anno 14. Regis Caroli in this 
county, before Judge Jones, then holden at Cirencefter, betweene Doclor Chetwinde 
then Dean, Vicar of Berkeley, pit, and Edward ffuft Efq, lord of Hill, | and Davis, 94 
clerke, Def'. s , wherin the queftions were Whether the faid townfhip of Hill was 
within the parifh of Berkeley or not, And whether the Church of Hill was a 
Donative, appertaininge to the faid Edward ffuft to prefent, or as parcell of the 
Vicarage of Berkeley, and the fmall tithes there belonginge therto : Which paffed 
againft the faid Doclor Chetwind the ptt ; but vniuftly, as I and others then con- 
ceived : And not vnlikely therefore to come about heereafter, if Doclor Chetwind 
live a yeare about, which in his owne opinion hee is not like to doe. | 



23cV)fr^tonc : In the booke of Domefdei written Beureftane ; A name derived 
(as may bee conceived,) from the great blewe ftones wherwith the place aboundeth 
more then in any other townfhip or place of this hundred or County : wherin the 
Conqueror and before him kinge Edward the Confeffor had in Demefne ten hides 
of land, as that booke fheweth : 

This townfhip beinge a member and parcell of the great manor of Berkeley, 
was by kinge Henry the fecond, (as formerly I have written in Berkeley fol : 78,) 
given amongft many other inferior Manors to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and 
his heires, when alfo by that grant hee firft created him a Baron and peere of the 
Realme, to hold by knight fervice in Capite, as the tenure is to this day ; Which 
lord Robert not longe after conveyed this Beverfton (and Wefton ats Kingfwefton 
with Elberton, as is afterwards mentioned,) to Robert his third fonne and his heires, 
cohlonly in old Deeds written Robertus filius Roberti filij Hardingi, And Robertus 
Dns de Were, becaufe his habitacon was vfually at Were in the County of Somfet; 

By 

o 2 



Q5 t 96 blank 
97 



ioo ^unbrrtJ of 2£»crMcp 

By whofe death in the time of kinge John this manor difcended to Maurice de Gant 
his fonne and heire, By whofe death without iffue in 14. H. 3. the fame difcended 
to Robert de Gurnay, fonne and heire of Eve, fifter of him the faid Maurice de 
Gant ; who dyinge in 53. H. 3. the fame difcended to Anfelme de Gurnay his fonne 
and heire, who dyed in 14. E. 1. levinge iffue John de Gurnay, 1 which John dyed 
within 5. yeares after his father in 19. E. 1. leavinge his manor and all other his 
poffeffions to difcend vpon the faid Elizabeth his daughter and heire ; who was 
maryed to Sir John ap Adam who dyed in 5. E. 2. leavinge iffue by his faid wife 
Sir Thomas ap Adam ; who by fine and other affurances in the 4. E. 3. fold this 
manor (amongft others) to Thomas then lord Berkeley called Thomas the third, 
and his heires, wherby after 170. yeares continuance in the iffue of this third fonne 
of the faid lord Robert the fonne of Hardinge, it came againe into the poffeffion of 
the heire of the faid lord Robert at the comon lawe. Not longe after, the fame 
lord Thomas Berkeley in 28. E. 3. by a fine then levyed and by other affurances 
entailed the fame vpon himfelfe and Katherine then his fecond wife, and the heires 
males which hee fhould beget on the body of the faid Katherine, The remainder 
to his right heires ; who had iffue betweene them Sir John Berkeley knight, who 
by Elizabeth his wife daughter and heire of Sir John Bettifhorne, had iffue Sir 
Maurice Berkeley knight ; The faid Thomas lord Berkeley dyed feifed of this 
manor (and Caftle therin much by him reedifyed,) in 35. E. 3. And the faid 
g8 Katherine him furvivinge held the fame till her | death in 9. R. a. whervpon the 
fame came to Sir John Berkeley aforefaid, and the heires males of his body, by 
force of the faid entaile ; By whofe death in 6. H. 6. the fame came to the faid Sir 
Maurice his fonne and heire, who died in 38. H. 6. leavinge iffue by Lora his wife 
daughter of Henry lord ffitj hugh, Sir Maurice and Sir Edward ; The faid Sir 
Maurice fonne of Maurice, died in 14. E. 4. And by Anne his wife daughter of 
Reginald Weft lord de la ware, left iffue Sir Wittm Berkeley knight and Katherine ; 
Which Sir Wittm dyed in the firft yeare of kinge H. 7. without iffue male ; wher- 
by this manor of Beverfton, with the Caftle (a part therof,) by vertue of the faid 
entaile of 28. E. 3. came to the faid Sir Edward, vncle of this Sir William ; which 
Sir Edward dyed in 21. H. 7. leavinge iffue male by Alice his fecond wife, three 
fonnes, Thomas, Maurice, and William : The faid Thomas by Elizabeth his wife 
daughter of George Nevill lord Abergavenny, had iffue John Berkeley and fower 
daughters, and dyed in 15. H. 7. in the life of his father : Which John dyed the 

kings 

1 The flatemcnt made, Ante Vol. I. p. 53, that John de Gurnay, fon and heir of Anfelm, who was 
20 years old on the death of his father, married a certain Oliva, leaving Elizabeth his only daughter and 
heir, is here omitted. [Ed.] 



kings ward, without iffue male : Maurice Second brother of the faid Thomas, dyed 
in 5. H. 8. before his nephewe John, without iffue : William the third fonne of the 
faid Sir Edward was alfo a knight, and by Margaret his wife daughter of William 
Pawlett Marques of Winchefter, had iffue Sir John Berkeley, and dyed in 5. E. 6. 
And the faid Sir John Berkeley who dyed in 24. Eliz. left iffue John Berkeley; who 
after in 39. Eliz : aliened the faid Manor and Caftle to Sir John Pointz knight, 
whofe fifter 1 ffrances hee had maryed, and by whome hee hath iffue: Till which time 
this manor had continued and gone with the heires males as aforefaid without any 
alienacon or difcontinuance ; The owners wherof were diftinguifhed from all others 
of their name by beinge called Berkeleis of Beverfton. It was not longe after the 
purchafe foe made by Sir John Pointz before hee againe fold it to Henry ffleetwood 
of Graies Inne : And hee fhortly after fold the fame to Sir Thomas Earftfield, and 
hee againe to Henry ffleetwood ; And from him it came to Sir Michael Hickes, 
And by his death in [161 2] to his fonne Sir William Hickes Baronet, nowe owner 
therof Anno, 1639. 

In this village ftandeth an ancient caftle called Beverfton Caftle, which doubt- Caftle of 

Beverfton. 
les is a pile of as ancient buildinge as any is at this day ftandinge in this hundred ; 

many yeares yea many ages more ancient then that of Berkeley, which is ftill kept 
in good repaire And oftentimes the dwellinge houfe of the lord therof : ffrom this 
Caftle it was, as all hiftories of that time and fince treatinge of, That that famous 
Earle Goodwyn earle of Kent (formerly mentioned in the defcription of Berkeley,) 
fet forth with his army, what time hee made fhewe | (if peace by moderation had 99 
not followed) to have given battell to kinge Edward the Confeffor, who had like- 
wife with an army drawne himfelfe to Gloucefter for the fame purpofe ; the caufe of 
the quarrell I leave to the relation of our Englifh coiiion Chronicles ; Which caftle 
and townfhip I conceive to have lately before come to the hands of the faid Earle 
by the fuppreffion of the monaftery of the Nunnes at Berkeley, as alfo fornfly is 
there mentioned. 

The Records of Rot. claus. 11. H. 3. membr. 14. and of Rot. paten. 13. H. 3. 
declare how Maurice de Gant aforefaid was queftioned for buildinge (or rather 
repairinge) his caftle of Beverftone without the kings licence, and alfo fortifyinge of 
it ; who confeffeth and fubmitteth, And in the fecond yeare after hath the kings 
writt directed to the Sheriffe of this county That the caftle which hee had built at 
his manor of Beverfton fhould for ever remaine to him and his heires, and then it 
was, turrited ; (the latin word is fimitltum ;) whofe death followed the next yeare 

after 
1 For Sijler, read Aunt. [Ed.] 



102 J^unDrcb of SScrftricp 

after, as is aforefaid. ffrom whom by his heires at comon lawe, it came after 
divers difcents with the manor (inter alia) to Sir Thomas ap Adam who in 4. E. 3. 
fold the fame to Thomas lord Berkeley and his heires, who in the next fix yeares 
much repaired and beautified the fame, with the parke adioyninge, as formerly is 
touched, as by divers Accompts of the Reeves of that manor in the caftle of 
Berkeley appeares. 

Church «Ef)C Church of Beverfton is a mother Church with the Chappie of Kingefcote 

therto bclonginge, And was with the other Churches of Berkeley Herneffe given 
by Robert the fonne of Hardinge to the Monaftery of S| Auguftines by briftoll, as 
before is written . fol : 81, 82. But by what meanes in fhort time after it came to 
the family of the Gurnays aforefaid lords of this manor of Beverfton, I have not 
found ; But the faid Anfelme de Gurnay, the yeare of his death in 14. E. 1. gave 
this Church of Beverftane to the Abbot of S' Peters of Glouc. and his Covent and 
their fucceffors : ffor confirmacon wherof John de Gurnay fonne and heire of the 
faid Anfelme (after fome quarrellinge,) levies a fine therof and of five fhillings rent 
of land, to the faid Abbot and Covent, vpon a licence obtained from the kinge to 
alien in mortmaine ; ffor which fee thefe records, vz — Inq : 14. E. 1. poft morte 
Anfelmi de Gurnay. Rot. paten. 14. E. 1. membr. 17. in arce London. Ptita et 
Jurat apud Glocefter. 15. E. 1. Rot. 29. in dorfo. in recepta Scaccarij. 

In 4. E. 1. before the Juftices itinerant then fittinge at Glouc, it was by the 
Jury (amongft other things) prefented, That Maurice then lord Berkeley claymed 
to have returne of writts throughout his hundred of Berkeley, The ratinge of the | 
100 Affize of bread and Ale, Gallowes for execution of theeves, and the like ; And that 
hee had diftrayned Anfelme de Gurnay afwell in the Kings highwaies as without, 
in his manors of Beverfton, Ailberton, and Kingfwefton, which are holden of the 
kinge in Capite by knight fervice, becaufe hee would not take his meafures of Affife 
from his ftanderd, wheras hee ought to receive them from the kings marfhall, As 
by Rot. Rageman in 4. E. 1. in Recepta fcaccarij appeareth. But why the faid lord 
Maurice fhould clayme to have fUturita brcbittm Ct CiCCUtionca rornnucni within 
this hundred, which was not granted to any his progenitors vntill to his great 
grandchilde Thomas lord Berkeley in 4. E. 3, as before is faid, I have not found, 
vnles you can picke it out of the firft charter made by kinge H. 2. to Robert fonne 
of Hardinge. fol : 81. 82. 86. 87. 

\i ukctt S n 2I - E- *• tnat kinge granted to John ap Adam and Elizabeth his wife and 

to their heires, to have within their manor of Beverftane A market on Mund.ix 

weekely, 



Sfotocrgronc 103 

weekely, And a faire for three daies on the vigill day and morrowe of the affump- Faire 
tion of our lady : And to have free warren in all their demefne lands there. Dated Free warren 
10. Junij. a° pd". As by Rot. Cartarum in 21. E. 1. membr. 3. appeares ; where this 
towne is written 25cruc£t01t. 

25doi1ffin0C to this ancient Caftle was a Coneftabulary or the office of a 
Coneftable belonginge : And by a Deed dated 28. Julij. 4. E. 3. Robert Praterd 
then Coneftable releafed to Thomas lord Berkeley Totum jus et clameum de et in 
officio Coneftabularise caftri de Beverftan, &c. which hee held for terme of his life 
by the grant of Sir Thomas ap Adam. And this was imediately after the faid 
lords purchafe, And perhaps a part of the agreement with the faid Sir Thomas ap 
Adam vpon his fale therof, for the lord Berkeley to fettle in that office one of his 
owne fervants of whofe fidelity hee might be more affured. 

Co the Leet or lawday holden yearly at Berkeley for the hundred of Berkeley 
at Michas and Eafter, amongft the Tithingmen and Coneftables of. 28. townfhips 
which there perfonally appeare, cometh the Conftable of this townfhip of Beverfton 
alone, without any other inhabitant with him, chofen and fworne at the Leet of that 
townfhip, where they have a Leet amongft themfelves ; And vpon his apparance at 
the barre in the court houfe called the guild hall before the Steward and grand 
Jury acknowledgeth the foveraignty of that Court and Leete, And faith That | with 
them Omnia bene, That all things with them in their Leet at Beverfton, are well : 
wifheth profperity to the lord of the Leete of that hundred, and foe departeth, be- 
inge neither fworne nor prefenteth any things prefentable in a Leete. And for 
neglect of this fervice or rather of the fonnes duty and acknowledgem! to his father 
for his liberality in givinge the Caftle manor and Leet to his fonne, as before is fet 
downe, I have impofed a fine of ten (hillings and more ; And twice or thrice, fince 
I was Steward of the Hundred Leet caufed the fame to bee levyed by diftres : 
Howbeit I have heard fome of thofe coneftables affirme That that fervice, as they 
have heard, ought to bee done by the Coneftable of the Caftle, and not of their 
townfhip of Beverfton, as willinge perhaps to eafe themfelves of a Journey of 9. or 
10. myles. 

A record in Hill : terme. 5. H. 4. Rot. 3. in the Exchequer in the office of the 
Remembrancer to the lord Treforer, doth fhewe That Sir John Berkeley knight, 
fonne and heire in tayle to that entayle before mentioned created by Thomas lord 
Berkeley father of him the faid Sir John in the 28. E. 3. was drawne into that 

Court 



101 



104 Jjjunbrco of 25crfericp 

Court to fhewe by how many knights fees he held of the kinge his manor of Bever- 
fton in Capite, vpon a demand which the kinge made of him for Ayde towards the 
marriage of Blanch his eldeft daughter ; Who thervpon pleaded to the kinge, That 
hee held his faid Manor of Beverfton in the hundred of Berkeley imediately of 
Thomas lord Berkeley, by the third part of one knights fee, And not of the kinge; 
Which vpon that iffue was by a Jury found for him againft the kinge, And to bee 
of the faid lord Berkeley as hee had pleaded, whervpon he had Judgm' and was 
difmiffed. 

5CllD to ftrengthen the faid record in point of tenure might alfo bee produced 
the office in 6. H. 6. after the death of the faid Sir John Berkeley ; And alfo the 
office in 38. H. 6. after the death of Sir Maurice Berkeley ; And alfo the office in 
14. E. 4. after the death of another Sir Maurice Berkeley ; And alfo the office 
in 2. H. 7. after the death of Sir William Berkeley ; wherin the originall eftate 
taile to the heires males in 28. E. 3. is pleaded and found (wherby the daughter 
and heire of the faid Sir William was put by, but how iuftly, in regard of a Coiiion 
recovery fuffered of his manor in Eafter Terme 18. H. 6. Rot. 312. in the Coiiion 
pleas I may not determine :) As alfo might fome others bee produced to avoid a 
tenure of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite : But when I looke on the other 
fide I fee an army of Records and proofes provinge the kings tenure, which feeme 
vnanfwerable ; As a booke of knights fees in the Exchequer temp: H. 3. and E. 1. 
And the Efcuage roll in the tower of London in 5. E. 1. And the office 28. H. 3. 
102 after the death of Thomas lord | Berkeley : And the plea in the Exchequer of the 
faid Thomas lord Berkeley, himfelfe the Conufor : And the two pleas in the Ex- 
chequer in Mictias Terme, 7. H. 7. Rot. 34. And in Eafter terme 16. H. 7. rot : 9. 
confeffed to bee in Capite by the lords themfelves, And more then 40. more the like 
to this day ; I doe conclude, that the tenure of this Manor is of the Crowne by 
knight fervice in Capite. 

25p an Inq : 6. H. 6. John Berkeley knight dyed feized of the Caftle and 
Manor of Beverfton, with the Advowfon of the parifh church of Cernecote in the 
county of Wiltes, belonginge to the faid Caftle and Manor. 

Kiftcene ^Jn payment of ffiftcene or tenth, or kinge filvcr, when it is granted in parlia- 

ment, the Onus or charge in the Exchequer is — 5'!- 2! 9? The deduction is — 50' 
The remainder paid into the Exchequer by the Collector is — 52! 9^ Of which pay- 
ment read more in fol : 4. 5. 37. 

In 



Wellington 105 

In the laft Subfedy in a° 5'? Rf Caroli were 7. fubfedy men in the townfhip, Subfedy 
who paid — 40* 

Of able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old were in a° 6'.° Able men - 
Jacobi which at a general mufter then appeared — 41. 

And now of trayned Souldiers vnder Edward Stephens Efq^ their Captaine, Soldiers, 
are — 

And if the wholl divifion of Berkeley accounted a 4*. h part of the county, 
called Berkeley Divifion, bee rated in any tax or payment to pay — ioo 1 '.- to Kinge 
or Coiiion wealth, Then this hundred of Berkeley paies therof — 33I' 3", And the 
townfhip of Beverfton — 15' | 



Betnngton. 103 

23cVJhl0ton : vfually pronounced Bamton : Is an hamblet of houfes 

within the parifh of Berkeley, parcell of the manor or lordfhip of Hame, the in- 
heritance of George lord Berkeley, holden by knight fervice in Capite. 

ffor certaine parcells of land in this hamblet wherof one was called Grombals 
hay, was a fute in 40. Eliz. betweene one Phelps leffee to John Harvy of Bradfton, 
and one Danfeild, tenant at will to Huntley a copiholder for life vnder the lord 
Berkeley, which was tried at the Affifes at Glouc, 9. mcij. a° 40. Eliz. pet. As 
formerly had another tryall beene in 31. Eliz. pd. And after another fute by Englifh 
bill before the Prefident and Counfell in the Marches of Wales, from whence the 
lord Berkeleys tenant was difmiffed with cofts, which John Harvy paid ; ffor more 
wherof fee the Records of Mictias terme 31. & 32. Eliz. Rot. 524. And of Hill : 
terme, 39. Eliz. in Banco. 

'•Jn this hamblet John Mallet holdeth in fee by feverall purchafes of late made Hickes land now 

— . Malletts. 

A meffuage with a yard land therto belonging comonly called Hickes land, which 

was late the land of Richard Hickes, who dyed in — 12. Jacobi, fecond fonne of 

Richard Hickes who dyed 10. Eliz., fonne of John Hicks who died at Wickwarre 

in 38. H. 8., fonne of Richard Hickes who died H. 8., fonne of John Hickes, 

who 



106 Jj)unbrcb of 23crhricp 

who dyed in 23. H. 7. ; holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hame 
by fute to his hundred court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, the yearly 
rent of — 23? And by 

Of which lands fee in two Inq : the one in 38. H. 8. after the death of John 
Hickes, and the other in 12. Jac. after the death of Richard Hickes. Of which 
name of Hickes fee alfo in Berkeley fol : 93. To which Richard William Hickes 
was fonne and heire, who fold part of this land to Maurice Mallet, By whofe death 
in 19. Jac. it difcended to Thomas Mallet his fonne, by whofe death that yeare 
without iffue, it difcended to the faid John Mallet beinge his vncle and heire ; vide 
Co : roll of Hame. 19. Jac. And by the death of the faid John Mallet to Alice his 
daughter and heire marryed to Walter Kirle Efq^. 

Humes land. fycctC alfo is a meffuage and halfe a yard land therto belonginge the inherit- 

ance of Mary and Elizabeth the two daughters and Coheires of Thomas Hurne, 
who dyed in A° 4'? Regis Caroli ; fonne of John Hurne who died in 44. Eliz., fonne 
of Wittm Hurne who died 3 & 4. Ph: & Mar, fonne of Richard Hurne ; holden of 
104 George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hame by fute of | Court from 3. weekes 
to 3. weekes, the yearly rent of — 10" and by knight fervice : And alfo of a parcell 
of land adioyninge holden by like fervice and the yearly rent of — 5! All which 
have for dius generations byn occupied togeather; ffor which meffuage and premiffes 
the faid Mary and Elizabeth are now in Ward to the faid lord Berkeley, As alfo 
was the faid Thomas Hurne to Henry lord Berkeley grandfather to the faid 
George : By the death of which Thomas Hurne without iffue male faileth the name 
of Hurne, which had continued in a lineall difcent, fince the firft and originall 
grants made of the premifes by two deeds, to William the fonne of Robert of 
Bevington and his heires, about 10. H. 3. by Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that 
name, and which was after in the fame kings time confirmed by Maurice lord 
Berkeley fonne and heire of the faid Thomas, To hold as aforefaid : Who tooke 
that firname of Hurne from the little thicket or grove of thornes fmall fhrubs or 
the like called an Hurne, adioyninge : As others in Hinton and other places in this 
hundred have done ; whcrof more may bee read in an Inq : found in 44. Eliz. after 
the death of the faid John Hurne : And in a parchment booke fol : 6. et 28. con- 
taininge fuch wardfhips as have fallen to the faid lord George or his Anceftors in 
theis laft hundred yeares. 

Withers land : ^.'t appeares vpon a Writ called Ad quod damnum, and vpon the Inquificon 

woods 'now thervpon taken (remaininge in the tower of London) in 2. E. 1. n? 112., And by 

Edward ffufts. the 



23Iistturp— 25rat»Icp i o 7 

the Deeds that followed thervpon, And by a fine in Trinity terme A° 3. E. 1. in 
Berkeley caftle ; That Robert Wither aliened to the Abbot and Covent of Kingf- 
wood and to their fucceffors A meffuage and yard land, and alfo 29. acres of land, 
and 13? 6 d . yearly rent, in Hull, Berkeley, Pockhampton in (Hinton,) and Bevington; 
And that the faid meffuage and yard land in Hulle are holden of Nicholas the 
fonne of Raphe (lord of the Manor of Hull) by 2 d . yearly rent ; which Nicholas 
holds the Manor of Hulle by knights fervice in Capite of the Kinge, by halfe a 
knights fee, in which manor the faid meffuage and yard land doe lye : And that 
3. acres, parcell of the 29. acres, and the tenements wherout the 13? 6? is goeinge in 
Bevington, Berkeley, and Pockhampton, are holden of Thomas lord Berkeley by 
i d . yearly rent, which hee holds over of the kinge in Capite, with other lands, get 
2£»aroniani. And that ftill remaines to the faid Robert Wither a Meffuage and 
8. oxgangs of land, (8. bovatas terrae,) in Bevington, wherof hee hath the fee 
fimple, holden of the faid Thomas lord Berkeley in Capite, by the rent of a Rofe. 
Which meffuage and 8. bovatas terrae laft mentioned, I conceive to bee nowe the 
inheritance of Edward ffuft Efcfc, and in the tenure of Richard Archer, leffee to 
M* ffuft. I This was fomtimes in the occupacon of William Tilladam fonne of J 05 
William, by leafe, afwell as the farme of Blifbury. fol : 106 | 



BHsbury. 106 

25Ii^J>Urp al£ 2$Ii£'bcrric : A farme houfe within the hamblet of Bevington, in 
the parifh of Berkeley, the inheritance of William Baffet Efq,, containinge about 
100. acres, holden of the Crowne by knight fervice in Capite, fomtime parcell of 
the poffeffions of the Abby of Kingfwood neere Wotton Vnderedge ; which com- 
inge to the Crowne by the diffolucon of that Monaftery in the 31^ of kinge H. 8. 
was granted in 



This was of late the freehold of Wittm Tilladam, fonne of Wittm for his life. 



Brablcy. 107 

SStabkp, alg 23rat)lrigf) : In an hamblet within the tithinge of Synwell in the 
parifh of Wotton Vnderedge, and parcell of the fervices of the Manor of Wotton 

fforren, 
p 2 



108 J^unbrcD of 23crRrirp 

fforren, holden of that Manor by knights fervice and fute of Court to that manor, 
and to the hundred Court of Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes ; Or 
rather, as many records doe fpeake, held of the manor of Berkeley by knight 
fervice, and fute to that hundred Court as aforefaid. 

It was of it felfe a manor at lead in reputacon, and extendeth it felfe into the 
villages adioyninge, of Bradley, Nybley, Synwell, Swyney, Woodford, Combe, and 
Wotton towne, vntill by pticuler fales of the parts therof in 3. 4. 5. 6. et 7'! 1 yeares 
of the raigne of kinge James it was deftroied, as after perticulerly followeth. 

The principall and moft remarkeable houfe ; efteemed as the Scite or Capitall 
meffuage with a Carucate of land and 50? rent of tenants that held for lives of this 
manor, was in the times of kinge R. 1. and of kinge John his brother the lands of 
Hugo de Bradeleia and of William his brother ; And after of 

who left iffue Alienora his daughter and heire maried to Thomas de Luida, or de 
Lude, who aliened as after followeth to Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that 
name and his heires, as after followeth. 

S'. AuguRines «J'n this hamblet of Bradley the Abbot and Covent of the monaftery of S' 

et Capit BriflolL Auguftines by Briftoll had an ancient meffuage with divers lands therto belonginge, 
by feverall guifts and purchafes by them made and to them given at feverall times, 
as after followeth : which at laft came to bee called Canon-Court efteemed by them 
as the fcite of a manor, longe time held by Copy of Court roll by the family and 
name of the Dangervills their tenants for many generations at the old yearly rent 
of — lxvj s viij d granted at their Manor houfe in Berkeley called Canon bury, whither 
thefe tenants did their futes : which by the diffolucon of that monaftery in 31. H. 8. 
coiiiinge to kinge H. 8. hee erected the fame into a Cathedral! church in the 34 th of 
his raigne, And as part of the poffeffions of the Deane and Chapter there, gave 
this meffuage and lands (amongft others) to them and their fucceffors: And is nowe 
in leafe to Mr Wittm Leigh an Atturney of the kings bench, whofe father John 
Leigh of late yeares bought the eftate for lives which the Dangervils then had 
therin ; And fince have twice renewed the fame with the Deane and Chapiter afore- 
faid : An houfe of late new built and much reedified by the faid Wittm Leigh : And 
this meffuage before of old was the land of John de Bradeleia fonne and heire of 
108 Reginald Buchard ; | And in the time of H. 3. given to this Monaftery of Si 
Auguftines by Thomas lord Berkeley and Jone his widowe. 

Co 



23rablcp 109 

Co this meffuage and land (now the faid Deane and Chapters,) is an ancient 
Deed without date to bee referred, wherby Wittm de Braglega confirmed to the 
Abbot and Covent aforefaid the grant which Reginald de Camma made to them of 
halfe a yard land in Wotton, which Juliana de Berkeley gave to the faid Reginald ; 
which land alfo Hugh de Bradley brother of him the faid Wittm, fold to the faid 
Julian for 7. markes and an horfe. Redd. 1. lib? cumini for all fervices, falvo regali 
fervicio, &c. 

As alfo in one other Deed dated 1273. a° 1. E. 1. wherby John fonne of 
Reginald de ffaftebury gave to the faid Abbot and Covent, Totam terram fuam de 
Bradeleia illam fcitt quod tenuit de Johanna de Berkeley apud Bradley extra 
Wotton, et totam terram fuam de Wotton, quam pater eius de dictis Abbate et 
conventu tenuit in villa de Wotton. 

But the 4. Deeds and fyne followinge are to bee referred to the manor of 
Bradley, aliened to divers freeholders, as followeth, the tenure whereof is formerly 
faid to bee by knight fervice ; One, without date wherby Domhui ^OfyaillUl DC 1 
23crhclrp relicla quondam Dm* Thoma; de Berk el ee, gave to William Berkeley her 
fonne and to the heires of his body, All the land which fliee bought of Ralph de 
Wiplet in Bradley in the manor of Wotton, viz e , one Meffuage and one yard land 
which Adam de Bradley fomtimes held, And alfo 7. acres of land which Thomas 
de Jacelyne holds in the faid Manor of Wittune. Rendringe to the cheife lord — i8 d . 
yearly, and regale fervicium : And to her, tres clavos cariophit ad natale dni. 
Agreeinge to this is the Inquificon 33. E. 1. n° 242. pro Thoma de Luida et 
Alienora vxor[e] eius. 

2. An other deed dated [die] Jovis poft feftu conufionis scti Pauli. a° 18. E. 1. 
wherby Amicia le Ercedekene, fomtime the wife dni Odonis le Ercedekene, in her 
widowhood, granted and releafed All her right in toto tenemento et terra in ficco 
et humido apud le Hame infra manerium de Wotton iuxta Abbathiam de Kingf- 
wood in coin Glouc, to Thomas de Luida and his heires, To hold of the cheife lord 
of the ffee by the fervices due and accuftomed. 

3. An other deed without date wherby Maurice of Came fonne of William de 
Berkeley knight, granted all his lands in Bradley which hee had from the faid 
William his father vnto Odo le Archidiakedeno and his heires. 

4. Another 



1 10 ^unbrcD of 25ctRricp 

4. Another Deed in 18. E. 1. wherby Amicia fomtime the wife of Odo le 
Ercedekene reciteth That whereas Jone lady Berkeley deceafed enfeoffed Sir Wittm 
de Berkeley her fonne and the heires of his body of certaine lands called la fjttW 
and of others called Bradley, vpon condicon that if hee dyed without iffue then the 
faid land fhould revert to the faid lady Jone and her heires : Which Sir Wittm 

log Berkeley fold the fame to John Sethvile | and his heires, who enfeoffed her the faid 
Amicia and her heires ; which Sir William dyed without iffue of his body, wher- 
vpon Thomas lord Berkeley grandchild and heire to the faid lady Jone impleaded 
her the faid Amicia and her faid hufband for the faid land in the kings court; which 
dependinge, her faid hufband Odo beinge her fecond hufband, dyed ; Nowe fhee 
the faid Amicia releafeth all her right in the faid lands to the faid Thomas lord 
Berkeley and his heires. 

5. By a fine in the court of Comon pleas in a° 33. H. 3. Roger de Berkeley de 
Durfley and Conftance his wife gave a yard land in Bradley to Reginald de 
Jetefbury and to Ifable his wife, in frankmarriage, and to the heires of her body : 
Againft which fine Maurice then lord Berkeley apponit clameum fuum ; As by the 
indorfement on the backe of that fyne appeares. 

Cf)C forefaid Thomas lord Berkeley beinge afwell by his purchafe from the faid 
Thomas de Luida and Alienor his wife as otherwife feized in fee of theis Bradley 
lands (foe to call them,) dieth in 14. E. 1. wherby the fame difcended to the lord 
Maurice his fonne and heire, the third lord of that name ; who beinge foe feized, 
(or others rather in truft to his vfe,) The fame by his direction were (as by divers 
deeds with Richard Berkeley Efq^ late of Stoke Gifford, and in the Caftle of Berke- 
ley, appeares,) conveyed to Maurice Berkeley knight fecond fonne of the faid lord 
Maurice, and to the heires males of his body, leavinge the revertion in himfelfe ; 
Which Maurice the fonne dyed in 21. E. 3. at the feidge of Calais, After whofe 
death, in the fame yeare, the tenure of his manor of Bradley was by Inquificon 
found to bee holden of Thomas lord Berkeley eldeft fonne of the faid lord Maurice 
by the fervice of one rofe for all fervices, And that Thomas was fonne and heire 
of the faid Sir Maurice, then 13. yeares old and in ward to the kinge for other 
lands holden by knight fervice in Capite ; By the death of which Thomas Berkeley 
in 35. E. 3. then a knight alfo, this Manor difcended to Sir Maurice Berkeley knight 
fonne and heire of the faid Sir Thomas ; By whofe death in 2. H. 4. the fame came 
to Sir Maurice Berkeley his fonne, who was borne after the death of his father ; 
And by his death in 4. E. 4. it difcended to Sir William Berkeley his fonne, Which 

Sir 



2$rnblrp 

Sir William dyinge in 16. H. 7. left iffue Richard, and John ; Of both which as 
followeth. 

1. The faid Richard dyed in 5. H. 8. levinge iffue Sir John, who dyed in 37. 
H. 8. leavinge iffue Sir Richard, who dyed in 2° Jacobi, levinge iffue Henry, father 
of Richard Berkeley that now is, who aliened as afore and after is mentioned. 

2. The faid John Berkeley yonger brother of the faid Richard, fonnes of Sir 
Wittm, dyed in the life of his father, leavinge iffue James Berkeley called of 
Bradley, becaufe this manor of Bradley was by the faid Sir Wittm conveyed vpon 

his maryage to him the faid John ; | which faid James dyed in 38. H. 8. leavinge no 
iffue 2. fonnes, vz, John, who dyed in 4. & 5. Ph : & Mar : without iffue, and Brice 
Berkeley who dyed in 21. Eliz : leavinge this manor to difcend to Elizabeth his 
only daughter and heire, who was firft maryed to Edward Berkeley Efquire, and 
fecondly to Sir Edward Berkeley knight, And thirdly to Nicholas Strangwaies Efo^, 
yet had noe iffue by any of them ; And in the time of her laft widowhood, (havinge 
formerly given an eftate in remainder in taile after her owne life to the faid Richard 
Berkeley that nowe is, fonne of Henry,) ioyned with him in divers fales of parts of 
this manor to fundry perfons in 3. 4. 5. 6. et 7* Rf Jacobi, wherby the wholl was 
aliened ; And is now A° 14. Regis Caroli, the feverall inheritances of my felfe, 
Chriftopher Purnell fecond fonne of Thomas ; Thomas Purnell, brother of Robert, 
fonnes of Purnell ; Brice Weekes cozen and heire of Brice 

Weekes ; Anthony Hungerford gen, Wittm Marten, Richard Marten fonne of the 
faid William, John Jobbins fonne of Wittm Jobbins, Richard Tindall fonne of 
, John Leigh and Wittm his fonne ; Thomas Peirs, late by him 
purchafed of ; Henry Hay ward, late by him purchafed of 

Patricke Dunninge ; John Nelme of Wotton fonne of Henry ; Thomas Perry the 
elder ats Hunter: William Beale of Nibley and Edward his fonne, John, eldeft 
fonne of John Graile clerke, yonger fonne of Thomas Graile of Huntingford ; 
John Cooke, John Howe, Thomas White, Thomas Denny, WiHm Streat, Wittm 
fonne of William Bird, fonne of Peter ; fonne of Wittm Trotman, 

fonne of ; And and , two 

other yonger fonnes of the faid Wittm fonne of Trotman ; And 

of fonne of James Plomer, Thomas May of Nibley ; And of 

Robert fonne of Edward Oldifworth eldeft fonne of Arnold Oldifworth Efq^, late 
Clarke of the Hanaper, owner of the faid Capitall meffuage and lands called Brad- 
leys houfe, who added to thofe buildings which Edward Berkeley Efquire firft 

hufband 



1 1 2 ij?untirc& of 23crkclcp 

hufband of the faid Elizabeth had erected in 10. Eliz : Which Arnold, (to vfe a 
fhort digrefllon,) was the fonne of Edward Oldifworth and of Tacy his wife 
daughter of Sir Arthur Porter, fonne of Roger and of Margaret his wife daughter 
of John Arthur, fonne of Richard and of Alice his wife daughter of James lord 
Berkeley and of the lady I fable his wife, daughter of Thomas Mowbray Duke of 
Norfolke. 

Oldifworths land. Which Arnold, (before his departure into Virginia where hee dyed much in- 

debted,) by Deed dated 20. Julij, A° 9° Jacobi, purchafed of Henry lord Berkeley 
to him and to Edward his fonne and heire apparant and to their heires, (makinge 
the fame as an addition to their faid capitall meffuage or manor houfe,) one Clofe of 
ill fix acres called Bradly mead, (with a Dovehoufe vpon | the fame,) And three 
quarters of an acre in Beckhams mead, and one other clofe of two acres adioyn- 
inge to his other lands, And one clofe of three acres called Tanners clofe on the 
backfide of his ftable, And three quarters of an acre called filken acre, next 
the former : To hold to them and their heires vnder the yearly rent of 39? 2 d fute 
of Court twice by the yeare to the faid lord Berkeleys manor of Wotton fforren, or 
4 d for every default, And — 26 s 8 d in name of an heriott after their deathes, and of 
everyone dyinge tenant to the premises or of any part therof : Howbeit, the tenure 
of theis 5. parcells thus laftly purchafed is of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, 
beinge before this grant parcell of the faid Lords manor of Wotton fforren in 
demefne, Which is foe holden of the kinge. 

23p fine in Michas terme II. H. 4. Robert Stanfhawe and Ifable his wife pur- 
chafed to them, and his heires of William Parker and Alice his wife, a meffuage 
and 14. acres of land in Bradley, Wotton, and Wortley : which the faid Robert the 
fame yeare fold to Thomas lord Berkeley and his heires. 

2tlr)orc of this manor of Bradley is to bee read out of theis Records, viz! ; 

ffinis in banco Teriii Michis. 20. E. 1. inter Thoma Diiu Berkeley qr et 
Thoma de Lude et vxor imped, de 1. mefs et 1. carucat terrae, et 50" r. 
in Wotton et Bradley. The deed alfo in Berkeley Caftle. 
Inq : 33. E. 1. vpon an Ad quod damnu p! morte Thome de Luida. n° [204] 
Inq : 15. E. 2. pro terris Mauricij Berkeley et alijs rebcllis. 
Inq: 21. E. 3. p! mortem Mauricij filij Mauricij de Berkele. 
Inq : 29. E. 3. p! moru-m Thome Berkeley tnittis. 
q Pafch : Records. 44. E. 3. Rot. 8. cu Rem Thcfaur in Sccio. 

Inq : 



2Sriit>£"ton 1 1 3 

Inq : 2. H. 4. p' morte Mauricij Berkeley. 

Inq : 10. H. 5. p' morte pet Mauricij ; Melius Inquirend. 

Inq : 4. E. 4. p! morte Mauricij Berkeley. 

Inq : 4. Jacobi p' morte Nictii Strangwaies ar p fervic mil. 

Inq : 4. et 5. Ph : & Mar : p' morte JoTiis Berkeley. 

ffinis in banco term Micfeis : 4. Jacobi, Inter Hale et Webb, qf, et 

Berkeley et at def. 
Inq : 20. Jac : p'. mortem Thome Purnell. — per fervic militare. 
Inq : 17. Caroli, pi morte Johis Smyth ar, authoris huius libri.- — p ferv : mil. 
Inq : 15. Car. p! morte Henrici Nelme (virtute officij) in Soccagio. 
Inq : 16. Car. pi morte Jotiis Grayle Ctici. — in focagio. | 

112 blank 

Brabstott. "3 

2£>riltJ3't01t : Anciently written Bradeftane. Bratheftan, Bretheftan, and Brode- 
ftane ; is an hamblet or Tithinge within the parifh of Berkeley, wherin ftandeth 
one of the eight Tythe barnes belonginge to the Rectory of that parifh. 

Cl)C name I fuppofe was originally taken of the great broad ftones wherwith 
the fuperficies of the earth round about the Manor houfe is covered, more then is 
to bee obferved in any other part of this hundred. 

5|t hath anciently byn at leaft reputed a manor ; And in the time of kinge 
Richard the firft was the inheritance of Bernardus de Bratheftan ; After in the 
times of kinge John kinge H. 3. and of kinge. E. 1. of Andreas de Bradeftan, of 
Gilbert de Bradeftan, of John de Bradefton, and of Robert de Bradefton ; Which 
Robert held the fame almoft all the raigne of kinge Edward the firft, and dyed in 
the fowerth yeare of kinge Edward the fecond, leavinge the fame to difcend to 
Thomas his fonne ; Of whom after : A fucceffion of remarkeable gentlemen, 
homagers and fervants to the family of the lord Berkeleis of Berkeley Caftle, as a 
world of deeds and other evidences, which I have feene doe teftify ; though the 
time when or by what lord Berkeley the fame was firft given, I have not yet found : 
But (as by many records and evidences appeareth,) the fame is holden of their 
Manor of Alkington by the fourth part of a knights fee, fute to their hundred Court 
of Berkeley from three weekes to three vveekes, and by the yearly rent of — if 

Q VOL. Ill 



in l?uiiDrc& of 23crhriqi 

<TtjC faid Thomas de Bradfton fonne of Robert dyed in the 34'!" of kinge E. 3., 
who for his great warlike fervices vnder that kinge was firft made a Banneret, And 
after a Baron and Peere of the Realme ; And amongft many other great guifts 
from that kinge, had 500. markes by the yeare given to him and his heires out of 
the kings Exchequer, which his heires at conion lawe receive to this day : ffor 
which fee Rot. claus. 16. E. 3. in dorfo : and Rot. claus. 15. E. 4. membr. 11. and 
many others : In honor of whofe memory and great defervings both towards his 
country and to the family of the lord Berkeleis wherin hee was bred and longe 
ferved, I have fome yeares fince written a fpeciall tradt, in the fecond volume of my 
hiftory of that family. 1 

€f)t£ noble Thomas de Bradfton by Agnes his fecond wife had iffue Robert 
de Bradfton, who dyed in the life of his father leavinge iffue Sir Thomas de 
Bradfton, and John de Bradfton ; Of which John (to whom the manor of Winter- 
borne not farre from Briftoll was given,) more fhall anon bee faid, and of his male 
pofterity which yet continues. But the faid Sir Thomas elder brother of the faid 
John by Ela his wife daughter and coheire of John de Pauely had iffue Elizabeth 
114 his only daughter and heire ; | which Sir Thomas dyed in 48. E. 3. And Ela his 
wife furvivinge dyed in 11. H. 4. havinge byn remarried to Richard de Sanclo 
Mauro, ats Seymore, who dyed alfo before her in 2. H. 4. As by Rot. finiu. 49. 
E. 3. membr. 12. And Rot. claus. 2. H. 4. ps. 1. mem : 8. appeares. The faid 
Elizabeth was maried to Walter de la poole who dyed 12. H. 6. And fliee dyed 
; betweene whom was iffue only Margaret fole daughter and heire, 
maryed to Thomas the fonne of Sir John Ingaldefthorpe, which Thomas dyed 

, And the faid Margaret dyed ; betweene whom 

was iffue Sir Thomas Ingaldefthorpe knight, who dyed 35. H. 6. and by Jone his 
wife, daughter and heire of John Lord Tiptofte, had iffue I fable their only daughter 
and heire ; The faid Joan died in 9. H. 7. The faid Ifable was firft maryed to 
John Nevill Marques Mountague, who died 11. E. 4. by whom fhee had iffue as 
followeth ; And fecondly was maryed to Sir William Norris, and dyed 22. H. 7. by 
whom alfo fhee had iffue as after followeth. And the faid Ifable dyed 16. E. 4. 
And this pedegree for the laft eight difcents thereof is proved by Rot. Claus. 15. 
E. 4. membr. 11. and by Rot. Claus. 17. E. 4. membr. 7. in the tower of London. 

£(]c iffue which the faid Ifable had by Norris her fecond hufband, which were 
Wittm Norrys knight, Alice and Jone, arc needles hcere to bee mentioned, becaufe 

this 
1 See Ante, Vol. I., p.p. 282—286. [Ed.J 



this manor of Bradfton went alonge with her iffue by her firft hufband Nevill the 
Marques Mountague. Betweene whom was iffue one fonne and five daughters, 
viz!, George Nevill, who was created Duke of Bedford, and dyed without iffue in 
I. E. 5. A° 1482. And 5. daughters, Anne, Elizabeth, Margaret, Lucy and Ifable. 
Anne the eldeft was married to Sir William Stoner knight, to whom this manor 
was allotted in partition, of whofe iffue I heere only write : And betweene them 
was iffue John Stoner, who died in 2. H. 7. without iffue ; And Anne maryed to 
Sir Adrian ffortefcue, who was attainted and beheaded in 30. H. 8. wherby his 
owne lands efcheated, not his wives, who was dead longe before in 10. H. 8. And 
by him fhee had iffue Margaret her only daughter and heire maryed to Thomas 
lord Wentworth lord Chamberlen, who dyed in 5. E. 6. And the faid Margaret 
dyed in 1. E. 6. leavinge iffue Thomas lord Wentworth, who by his Deed inrolled 
in the Court of Comon pleas in Michas terme. 3. et 4. Eliz. Rot. 14. dated the firft 
day of September laft before, aliened divers parcells of this manor of Bradfton, 
and of his other manor of Stinchcombe adioyninge thereto, (and which had all the 
difcents in this pedegree of the Bradftons and their difcendants ever gone to- 
geather ; ) to Trotman, Burchier and Nelme, three of the tenants to parts therof, 
who forthwith after (according to agreement formerly made) granted divers parcells 
therof to other men, that thofe Manors feemed in effe£t to bee deftroyed. And 
after, the faid lord Wentworth, by his other Deed inrolled in the Chancery dated 
the laft day of Auguft in the eighth yeare of Qu : Eliz. granted the | Manors of 115 
Bradfton and Stinchcombe, (fuch as then they were,) to Richard Pate Efq^ and his 
heires, which (as before is faid) in the lyne before laid downe had continued in 
difcent without alienacbn from the time of kinge R. 1. (if not longer.) And vpon 
his fales delivered accordinge to a Covenant in his faid Indenture more then 300. 
peeces of Evidence which are to this day kept in a cheft in the tower of Stinch- 
combe Church, which I have not yet feene ; fome wherof would perhaps manifeft, 
when and by what lord Berkeley the fame was firft granted and fevered from their 
great Manor of Berkeley, wherof at firft I fuppofe them to have byn parcells ; And 
this Manor of Bradfton is nowe A . 1639 . A". 15. Regis Caroli, the feverall inherit- 
ances of theis 11. perfons ; vz, WiHm Harvey in his minority, fonne of Edward, 
brother and heire of Nicholas, fonnes of John Harvey of Bradfton gen; Tobias 
Paine fonne of W r illiam, Thomas Walter fonne of John Walter gent and of Martha 
his wife daughter of William Payne ; Thomas Smyth of Wanifvvell, in right of 
Sarah his wife daughter of Samuel Trotman, fonne of WiHm Trotman of Stan- 
combe, fonne of John Trotman of Came ; Thomas Andrewes of Bradfton, fonne 
of Thomas, fonne of Richard, who dyed 38. Eliz; Richard Organ fonne of Richard; 

Samuell, 
Q 2 



1 1 6 l;)unbrcD of 23crhdcp 

Samuell, brother and heire of John Trotman, fonnes of Maurice lately deceafed, 
yonger fonne of Wittm Trotman, a yonger fonne of John Trotman of Came, who 
dyed 19. Eliz : and of William Lawrance in right of Jone his wife daughter of 
Thomas Baily late of Hame and of Jone his wife, fifter and one of the fower co- 
heires of Wittm Butcher ats Burchier, fonne of Thomas, for one fourth part of the 
farme or capitall meffuage ; Thomas Came of Nuport fonne of ffortune Came of 
Wike lately deceafed, for another 4^ part of the faid farme, which fhee by Deed 
1. April. 11. Jacobi. for 300 1 '. purchafed of WiHm Smyth fonne of John Smyth and 
of Martha his wife, fecond fifter and coheire of the faid Wittm Butcher ats 
Burchier, fonne of Thomas ; John Trotman of Stinchcombe, who purchafed 
another 4* part of the faid ffarme, of Wittm Hickes, fonne of Richard and of 
Sarah his wife, an other fifter and coheire of the faid Wittm Butcher ats Burchier, 
fonne of Thomas ; And of William Wallington of Wotton, fonne of Edward 
Wallington and of Elizabeth his wife, (yet livinge) the 4* fifter and coheire of 
the faid William Butcher ats Burchier, fonne of Thomas ; who holds another fourth 
part of the faid ffarme. 

chapell of "3^ tms Hamblet or tithinge the aforementioned excellent foldier Sir Thomas 

Bradfton. de Bradfton Banneret, did in 18. E. 3. found a Chaple, (often called Bradfton 
Colledge,) and gave 3. meffuages 4. yard land, 12. acres of meadowe 6 acres of 
wood and 5 1 '.- rent p Ann, referved vpon divers leafes of other lands, lyinge within 
116 the Lordfhips of Hame, Alkington and Came, Capellano | cuftodi Capellae Sci 
Micftis de Bradfton, et duobus alijs Capellanis ad divina fingulis diebus in capella 
predicla celebratura, pro anima fua, et Ifabelke nuper vxoris eius ; Which Thomas 
lord Berkeley the 24'! 1 of May the fame i8'. h yeare of kinge Edward the third, con- 
firmed, Salvis fibi prxdicto Thomce Diio Berkeley et heredibus fuis fervicijs et d'nio 
quae prius habuit de tenementis predictis : which foundacon was by other charitable 
benefactors much enlarged : All which by the Act of Parliam' in 1. E. 6 which 
diffolved Chantries and the like guilds and fraternities, was given to that kinge ; 
who by his Lres patents inrolled in Chancery dated the 9'!' of May in the third 
yeare of that kings raigne, granted the fame to Sir John Thinne knight and 
Thomas Throkmerton Efq^ and their heires ; To hold of the Manor of Bulford in 
the county of Wiltes in free and coition foccage, by fealty only ; Who forthwith 
after fold the fame to Henry Ligon and Thomas ffranfam, and their heires; And 
they by feverall fales fcattered the fame amongft many purchafers, with whofe 
pofterities theis lands ft 111 doe remaine, The nowe lord Berkeley havinge only a 
rent of paid him yearly by the kings Receiver, as parcell of the foiiie 

of 



23ratȣton i j 7 

of — Ixiiij* v'f. paid for theis and other the Chantry rents in Berkeley, Newport, 
&c. 

Of theis Chantry lands Chriftopher Purnell of Nibley hath divers tenements 
and parcells in Stancombe, in the parifh of Came, which his father Thomas Purnell 
purchafed of Jonn Adye, fonne of John Adye of fframpton, who purchafed the 
fame of the faid Thomas ffranfham. 

And Samuell Trotman, brother and heire of John, fonne and heire of Maurice 
Trotman, fecond fonne of Wittm Trotman, holdeth the meffuage called the Chaple 
houfe and the Scite of the Chantry of Bradfton, with the clofe of pafture called the 
Wardens hall, containing two acres, with divers other parcells, pticulerly in an In- 
quificon found after the death of the faid John Trotman, the 9 th day of Aprill, A° 16. 
Rf Caroli, mentioned. 

Xlso in this Tithinge of Bradfton is one ancient meffuage with divers lands Harvie's lands, 
therto belonginge the inheritance of William Harvy, fonne of Edward, brother and 
heire of Nicholas Harvy, who was in ward to Henry lord Berkeley, fonne of John 
Harvey, and of Julian his wife, daughter and coheire of John Atwood of Hinton, 
fonne of Edward Harvy, fonne of John fonne of , fonne of 

Harvey, fonne of Robert, fonne of Robert Harvey, who lived in | the 117 
35'! 1 yeare of kinge E. 3. ; fonne of Harvey, fonne of Harvey, to 

whom de Bradfton gave the fame, To hold (amongft other fervices) in 

focage, by payment of two heriotts after every of their deaths. An ancient family 
reputed as gentlemen, and as may bee faid, gentlemen by prefcripcon in all their 
forefaid generations, yet never of coate Armor, for any thinge I could ever obferve; 
And, as tradition goes had this land given by the Bradftons for their fervice vnder 
them in the Warres of ffrance, as I have been informed their evidences doe fpeake, 
which I have not feene. 

Owners alfo they have beene of divers other faire lands in Berkeley burrowe, 
Hinton, Alkington, Hame, Cambridge, Woodford, Slimbridge, Wanifwell, Stone, 
Newport, and Bevington, in the Manors of the lord Berkeleys in this hundred ; 
and holden by knight fervice, fute of Court of their hundred of Berkeley from 
three weekes to three weekes, And by feverall yearly Cheife rents ; As 
to Hame manor, And to Hinton manor, And to Alkington 

manor, And to Berkeley burrowe, And to Slimbridge manor ; 

As alfo they have byn (as the yonger branches of this family ftill are,) copiholders 

for 



n8 



Jpunorco of 23frhdqi 

for lives and tenants by Indenture to the lorde of thofe manors ; Which their 
ancient poffeffions were of late much inlarged by the maryage of John Harvy with 
the faid Julian daughter and coheire of John Atwood late of Hinton, fonne of 
Thomas Atwood ; As alfo by a purchafe which the faid John Harvey made in 26° 
Eliz. of Phillip Jones of Thornbury and Cicely his wife, the other daughter and 
coheire of the faid John Atwood, fonne and heire of the faid Thomas Atwood ; As 
alfo owners of a fifth part of a manor in the parifh of Hawkefbury called Cawkley, 
by the manage of Harvey aforefaid with 

, holden of that manor by 

And for further proofe of thefe Harvies landf are theis Records viz", An In- 
quificon in 2. Jacobi, poft mortem Johis Harvey gen. 
Inq : 



Bradflon of 
Winterborne. 



CfjC forementioned John de Bradfton yonger brother of the faid Sir Thomas 
de Bradfton Banneret, (of whom I promifed fomwhat further to write,) had as I 
have faid for his portion the manor of Winterburne, 12. miles from this hamblet 
towards Briftoll, from whom it difcended to Edmond his fonne, who was father of 
Thomas, father of John, father of Thomas, father of Anthony, father of Robert 
118 and Henry ; | which Robert had iffue Elizabeth only, who died without iffue ; and 
the faid Henry had iffue Robert, lately dead ; heere noted by mee for the honors 
fake of the name and difcent. 



fifteenths. ^Jn payment of Tenths and fifteenes with other like regall duties It is included 

and runneth with Came, whereof fee more in Came. 

Subfedy. fj n the 5* yeare of kinge Charles were only 4. fubfedy men inhabitants there, 

who paid — 38"' 

Able men. <-j n 6<° Jacobi heere were of able men for the warres, betweene ao. and 60. 

yeares old, which appeared at a generall mufter then taken, — II. 

Rates. <Jf Berkeley Pivifion bee rated at — 100" This hundred of Berkeley paies — 

33 1 .' 3? thcrof, And this hamblet of Bradfton — 8* 



Souldiers. Of Trayned fouldiers vnder WiHm Thorpe Ef<^ their captaine, it hath — 4. vz, 

2 corfletts and 2 mulketts. 

23p 



25p an Inquificon in the tower of London in 1. E. 1. Wittm Mauduit is found 
to hold 8. acres of land in Bradenefton of the lord of Bradefton, and to have byn 
hanged for felony ; which then had byn a yeare and a day in the kings hands. 

More of this Bradfton is to bee read in theis, Records, viz', 
Rot. paten, 8. E. 3. ps. 1. in dorfo. 
Rot. Claus. 16. E. 3. in dorfo. 

Inq: 34. E. 3. p' morte Thome de Bradefton. — in capite de Dho Berkeley. 
Rot. patent. 34. E. 3. ps. 3. membr. 7. 

Extract fubfed in 1. E. 3. Bradfton eft hamelett de Came in Sccio. 
Inq : t>7- E. 3. de feodis Baroniae de Berkeley in Sc a cio. — per dimid feod. | 
Rot. claus. 43. E. 3. membr. 6. IJ 9 

Rot. finiu 43. E. 3. membr. 19. 
Inq : 48. E. 3. p' morte Thome de Bradfton. 
Rot. claus. 48. E. 3. membr. 21. 
Rot. finiu. 48. E. 3. membr. 6. 19. 21. 
Rot. finiu. 49. E. 3. membr. 12. 
Rot. claus. 13. R. 2. ps. 1. membr. 26. 
Inq : 2. H. 4. fit mortem Rici de fco Mauro. 
Inq : 11. H. 4. pt morte Elae vxoris Thome Bradfton. in capite de Dno 

Berkeley. 
Inq : 12. H. 6. pt mortem Waited de la Poole. — Ignoramus. 
Inq : 35. H. 6. pt. morte Edm : Ingaldefthorpe. — per 4. pt feod miitis. 
Trin Rcc. in Sccio. 22. H. 6. rot. 17. 
Rot. claus. 15. E. 4. membr. 1 r. The wholl pedegree 
Rot. claus. 17. E. 4. membr. 7. 
Inq : 16. E. 4. as in Stinchcombe. 
Inq : 2. H. 7. pt morte Middlefex. — for y e whole 

pedigree. 
Rot. patent. 3. E. 6. p Thin et Throgmton. 
Inq : 44. Eliz. pt morte Rici Andrewes — per ferviciu mit. 
Inq : 44. Eliz. pt morte Wiffi Payne. — per ferviciu mit. 
Carta irrotulat in Cancett in Oclobf. 8. Eliz. inter Wentworth et Pate. 

See more in Stinchcombe . fol : 343. 

Inq : 14. Caroli, fit morte ffortunse Came vid — per ferviciu mit. 
Inq : 2. Jacobi pt morte Jofiis Harvey gen. — per fervic militare. 

Liber 



3 CpunDrcb of 25crhricp 

Liber Wardox et Releviox. fol : 9. 24. et 25. — per ferviciu mil. 
Inq : 16. Caroli, pt morte Jofiis Trotman filij et heredis Mauricij Trotman. 
— per fervicium militare. | 

120 blank 

121 Calfcecote. 

OllDCCOtf : often written Cawcote, and Coldcote ; defervedly foe to bee written 
and called from the cold fcituacon, from whence (doubtles) is the name : It is a faire 
farme houfe with 450 acres of ground therto belonginge, anciently parcell of the 
poffeffions of the Abby of Kingfwood by Wotton Vnderedge ; A Monaftery, feated 
and in the county of Wiltes, (of the foundation of that ancient Saxon family of the 
Berkeleys of Durfeley,) though compaffed round about with the parts of Gloucefter- 
fhire ; And hath byn taken as part of that manor of Kingfwood anciently of old 
called Acholt, wherin the Abby houfe was feated ; though now fevered by the 
grant of in the yeare of his raigne made 

to 

CJjiflf Calcote is nowe generally conceived to lye within the parifh of Bagpath 
before mentioned ; And is nowe the inheritance of Thomas Eftcourt Efq^, fonne 
of Edmond Eftcourt, brother and heire apparant whileft hee lived, of Sir Thomas 
Eftcourt of Laffeborrowe knight, who dyed in 22° Jacobi. Concerninge which Sir 
Thomas and the fetlinge of his eftate to freinds in truft what time hee lay vpon his 
death bed, fee a large Decree of more then 100. fheetes of paper inrolled in the 
Chancery by confent of parties, in Aprill in the 13 th yeare of kinge Charles, 
betweene the lady Mary Eftcourt the widowe of the faid Sir Thomas, And the faid 
Thomas Eftcourt Efq^ fonne of Edmond and theis truftees ; which is alfo a reafon- 
able good furvey not only of this farme and of the manor of Durefley, but of all 
other the poffeffions of the faid Sir Thomas Eftcourt wherof hee dyed feized. 

vTlK word (cote) the laft fillable of this farme, anciently fignified an habitation 
mantion or abidinge houfe, though of the meaneft reputacon : Of which were divers 
others in this hundred, as Woodmancote in the parifh of Durfley : Weftmancote in 
the parifh of Arlingham : I lulinancote in the parifh of Cowley : Kingefcote in the 
parifh of Beverfton ; and Hafilcote .m hamblet in Kingefcote; And Pitcote in 
Nybley, (now called Pitcourt,) of all which fee more in their alphabetical! places. 

As 



Came 

An Inquificon in the tower of London vpon an Ad quod damnum in 12. H. 4. 
findeth That the granges called Hafelden and Culkertone in Hafelden, And the 
granges of Ovvfelworth, Tettebury, Bageflon, Hull, and Caldcote, doe belong to 
the Abbot of Kingfwood, which are all that the Abbot hath in the county of Glouc. 
And the Roll of patents a° 22. E. 1. membr. 6. et. 7. fheweth of what Order each 
monaftery in England was of; And that this of Kingefwood was de Ciftercienfibus: 
See alfo Simondfall. fol : — 323. 

3tltb kinge Henry the third in the xi lh of his raigne confirmed to the Abbot of 
Kingfwood and his Covent the manor of Acholt, | which Roger de Berkeley 122 
(of Durfeley) gave to that monaftery, and all other their lands, as freely as kinge 
Henry the fijeond his grandfather confirmed them to them : In which are alfo 
divers liberties, recited, And to bee free ab omni feculari exactione et fervicio ; As 
by Rot. Carta^j. 11. H. 3. ps. 1. mem : 12. appeares. ffor which Charter of Con- 
firm, lam the Abbot gave to the kinge 10. inks, as by Rot. finiu. 11. H. 3. appeares, 
where of the premiffes is alfo a pticuler expreffion. 

<TI)C impropriate Rectory of Kingfwood (if I may fo call it,) as the 7 1 ! p ann 
of ancient cuftome paid by the inhabitants there, or rather 6 1 !- 13! 4^, were by the 
Lres patents of Oueene Eliz. dated 21. Julij. a° 5'.° Eliz : granted (inter alia) to 
Humphrey Shelton and Edmund Hunt and their heires, from whom the fame forth- 
with came, accordinge to the truft in them repofed, to Thomas Hanbury one of the 
Auditors, And from him to ffrancis his fonne, who aliened the fame to Roger Tulfe. 

The laft Abbot of this monaftery before the diffoluoin therof was Witim 
Bewdeleye, as a leafe fhewes made by him 20. December. 28. H. 8. And the 
Monaftery was diffolved by furrender. | 



£ctmc. I2 3 

<Camc : In Domefdei booke, Camilla : wherin WiHm the Conqueror had fix 
hides of land in demefne, and eleaven other hides of land there which were (as I 
conceive) in tenants hands, fuch as copiholders for lives there at this day are ; And 
fuch lands as fince that time have byn enfeoffed to divers men and given in tayle 
by the Lords of this manor, wherof many are after mentioned. 

R VOL. Ill 



J^unorcti of 25crfeckp 

^ft is a large and goodly parifh divided by a pretty little fweete river runninge 
through the midfl of it into two parts ; vpper Came or Vpthorpe ; and lower Came, 
or the neyther towne ; Vpper Came comprehendeth in it Afhmead and Churchend ; 
and Lower Came comprehendeth Dreicote, Cleihunger, conionly pronounced 
Clinger ; wherto may bee added Stinchcombe and Snitend and halmer. A manor 
of ioo 1 !' p ann of old rents, or neere therabouts, the inheritance of George lord 
Berkeley and parcell of his Barony of Berkeley, holden by knight fervice in Capite, 
containinge in the intire compaffe of it felfe at leaft five myles, befides the village 
of Stinchcombe and Snytend. 

A Townfhip foe evenly pertakinge of hill and vale, with an wholfome aire to 
both, And fo equally furnifhed of timber and wood for buildinge fire and all Bootes 
vfefull in hufbandry, with arrable meadowe and pafture grounds for the feed and 
breed of all forts of Cattell, with ftore of all kindes of graine vfefull for man, with 
fifh foule fruite for pery and cyder and the like ; That it would abundantly fuffice 
for the maintenance and well beinge of its owne inhabitants, without fupply from 
any other of her neighbors in any needfull thinge which the hart of man wuld 
moderately defire. 

Cfji.tf manor and parifh of Came was (amongft others) granted by kinge H. 2. 
in the firft yeare of his raigne to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his heires, 
wherby alfo hee was created Lord Berkeley, a peere of the Realme, and Baron of 
Parliament: ffor I hold the opinion as orthodox That vntill the time of king Richarde 
the firft or of his brother and heire kinge John, each fubiect to whom the Crowne 
gave land to hold by knight fervice in Capite was therby made a .Peere of the 
Realme and had voice in Parliament ; And that all thofe mentioned in the red 
booke in the office of the kings Remembrancer in the Exchequer to have ac- 
cordingly certified their tenures to kinge Henry the fecond about the 14^ yeare of 
his raigne, were the peeres and Barons of that time ; As elfwhere in the life of the 
faid lord Robert fonne of Hardinge and of James lord Berkeley the firft of that 
name I have written more at large :* But towards the latter end of kinge John and 
after Barons by a more fpeciall creation were by patent and laftly by Writt. | 

124 ffrom which lord Robert fonne of Harding this manor came to the lord 

Maurice his fonne and heire, who was father of Robert and Thomas ; Robert dyed 
without iffue, And Thomas his brother and heire had iffue Maurice, father of 

Thomas 
1 See Ante, Vol. I., p. 30, and Vol. II., p. 50. [Ed.] 



€amc 123 

Thomas, father of Maurice, father of Thomas, father of Maurice, father of Thomas 
and James ; Which Thomas dyed without iffue male, And James (who died in the 
life of his elder brother,) had iffue James, heire to this manor after his vncle 
Thomas death : Which James, fonne of James, had iffue William and Maurice ; 
Which William was created Earle of Nottingham and Marques Berkeley, and dyed 
without iffue ; And Maurice had iffue Maurice and Thomas ; Which Maurice 
dyed without iffue ; and Thomas had iffue Thomas, father of Henry, father of 
Thomas, father of George now lord Berkeley, owner of this manor as aforefaid. 
A° 1639. And for the times when each of the faid lords dyed and for the Entayles 
which any of them made, or other Conveyances of this manor, I referre my reader 
to fol : 6. et. 7. and fol : 78. And to my defcripcon of Berkeley towne fol : yy. 78, 
heere omitted in avoydinge double repetitions ; As alfo I fhall in fome other 
parilhes and manors following, doe the like. 

fCf)C Church, with the Chapell of Stinchcombe, was anciently given by Church 

to the Abbot of S' Peters 
Monaftery in Glouc, in the time of 1 ; who vpon 

each death and avoydance prefented till the time of kinge E. 3. when it was im- 
propriated to that Monaftery, in A°. 1360. in 34. E. 3, And thereby (as by the 
Regifter booke of the Bifliop of Worcefter appeareth,) became a poore ftipendiary 
Cure, with the pention of — 13'-' 6f 8? to the Curate fervinge the Alter: And 
cominge to the Crowne by the diffolucon of that Monaftery in 31. H. 8. was, vpon 
that kings erection of the Bifhoppricke of Glouc, in the 34'!" yeare of his raigne, 
given (amongft other poffefllons,) to the Bifliop and his Succeffors ; vnder whofe 
demife Walter Woodward Chriftopher Woodward and Richard Woodward nowe 
hold the fame at 41'!' rent by the yeare, and pay alfo the faid 20. marks to Vicar or 
Curate there, whom they prefent, at leaft are tyed by their leafe to provide ; How- 
beit I have byn informed that the ftipend to the Curate is a little increafed within 
2. yeares laft, vpon the late renewinge of their leafe with Bifliop Goodman that now 
is, A° 1639, At leaft promifed or hoped for to bee foe; but the leffor, it is faid, 
departed from his promife. | 

The ancient dedication of this Church of Came was to S' George, accompted 125 
the tutelary Saint therof, whofe great piclure artifically cut in wood and ftandinge 

at 

1 The Church of Came with its appurtenances was granted inter alia by Robert de Berkeley, fon of 

Maurice, by Alice, daughter of Roger Berkeley of Durfley, to the Monaftery of St. Peter, at Gloucefter, 

in 1156, which grant was confirmed by King Henry III., and John, (Paynam,) Bifhop of Worcefter. 

(Hid. et Cart. Monafterii Sandli Petri, Glouceftriae, Vol. I., p. 114.) [Ed.] 

R 2 



124 IJunorcD of 23crhricp 

at the porch of the Church was from thence in the raigne of kinge Edward the fixt, 
caryed to Colbrooke in a Clothiers waine, 15. myles from London, in his travell 
with his cloth thither towords Blackwell hall ; whofe fettlement at Coldbrook be- 
gate*the great Cohlon Inne called the George in Colbrooke to this day, 1639 ; ffor 
which tutelar)' Saint, fee the Will of William Hardinge in 37. H. 8, And the 
Inquificon after his death the fame yeare, in this County. 

ffifteenes. *Cfjc payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver in this parifh of Came, when it is 

granted by parliament, is ioyned with Bradfton as there hath byn faid : The onus 
or charge both togeather is in the kings Exchequer — 1 if- 9 s ii d . The deduction is 
— 3 1 !' 3* 4^ The remainder paid into the Excheq" to the kinge, wherwith the 
Collector therof is charged, is 8 1 '. 6* y A . 

Subfedy. In the lafl Subfedy, taxed in A° 5'. Rf Car, there were in this Manor of Came, 

(not accomptinge Stichcombe nor the hamblets therof) 23. fubfedy men who paid — 
ii h 6 d 8? 

Able men. 3Cl1D of able men for the warres betweene 20 . and 60 . yeares old were in 

A° 6'? Rf Jacobi, which then fhewed themfclves before Henry lord Berkeley then 
lord Leiutenant of the County, — 121. 

Soldiers. "HltD now are of trayned foldiers vnder William Thorpe Efq ; their captaine, 

22. vz, 12. corfletts and 10. mufkets. 

Rates. 3[jio if the wholl divition of Berkeley accompted a 4^ part of the county of 

Glouc, bee rated in any tax for kinge or coiiion wealth to pay — ioo 1 !, then this 
hundred of Berkeley paies therof — 33 1 '. 3? And this manor of Came (befides 
Stinchcombe) — 53 s 4I And foe after that rate, bee the tax more or leffe. 



jfrccftolocra within this manor or Lo? of Came. 
Draicote. One of the mod ancient and remarkeable freeholds is called Draycotes, or the 

manor of Draycote ; And was by Roger Berkeley of Durfley fonne of Robert 
Berkeley, in the time of kinge Henry the firft, given (by the name of all the land 
of Draycote with the appurtenants,) to John the fonne of Ewftace of Came and his 
heires, To hold by the fourth part of one knights fee, and the yearly rent of — 3* 9? 
As by the original! deed, which I have feene, appeareth: And this manor or land 
of Draycote extendeth into the villages or hamblets of Came, Durfley, Nybley, 
126 and Cowley. | And is nowe the feverall inheritances of my felfe, Richard Bower, 

John 



€amc 125 

John Browninge, William Sage, John Trotman, John Stinchcombe, Witim [over 
Edward] Hill, John Parflowe, John Walkeley in minority, and John Hardinge, 
which hee purchafed of Thomas Pope ; And Ifaack Smyth of Durfley, who hath 
the greateft part therof, worth— ioo'i per ann ; which in A°. Rf Caroli hee 

purchafed of Jofeph Hardinge fonne of George, fecond fonne of Richard Hardinge, 
the purchafer thereof from 

CJ)C forefaid Roger Berkeley of Durfley is hee who then held the great manor 
of Berkeley, wherof the manor of Came is a member and parcell, of that kinge H. 1. 
1. in feefarme ; whofe daughter Alice (accordinge to an agreemi made at Briftoll in 
the houfe of Robert the fonne of Harding often before mentioned, in the prefence 
of kinge Stephen, and of Henry then Duke of Normandy after kinge of England 
by the name of Henry the fecond,) was fhortly after maryed to Maurice fonne of 
the faid Robert fonne of Hardinge; vpon which agreement the faid Roger Berkeley 
of Durfeley releafed all his title and claime in this manor of Came and in the faid 
manor and Barony of Berkeley, to the faid Robert fonne of Harding and his heires, 
To whom Henry the fecond then Duke had lately before given the fame, As in the 
life of the faid Robert fonne of Hardinge I have at large written, in the hiftory of 
his family : And this Deed of the land of Draicote, thus made by the faid Roger 
Berkeley of Durfley, was afterwards in the time of kinge Henry the third recited 
and confirmed by Thomas then lord Berkeley, fonne and heire of the faid Maurice 
and Alice, fonne and heire of the faid Robert fonne of Harding, To hold by the 
forefaid rent and fervices ; which Deed alfo I have feene : To the pofterity of 
which John fonne of Euftace of Came, and alfo to other families who came by 
difcent or purchafe to bee owners of this land of Draicote, The remarkeablenes 
and feizin therof gave them the Sirname of Draicote, or de Draicote, fo longe 
as it continued entire in one mans poffeffion ; Such were, Radus de Draicote who 
lived in the time of kinge H. 2., Jobes de Draicote who lived in the 20. and 
32. of kinge H. 3., Robtus de Draicote who lived in the time of kinge E. 1., 
Steptius de Draicote who lived in the 35. of the faid kinge E. 1., and in the time 
of kinge E. 2. and leaft iffue John Draicote, who lived in the time of kinge | 
Edward the third ; whofe daughter and heire called Jone Draicote was maried to 127 

from whom iffued (after one or two difcents betweene) 
Robert Draicote ats Tanner, father of John Draicote ats Tanner, written alfo John 
Dreicote ats dictus John Gilman of Durfeley gent, who dyed in the third yeare of 
kinge Henry the feaventh, leavinge this land to difcend to his two daughters and 
heires, vz, Jone and Ifable, often written Elizabeth : Of whom 

1. The 



126 J^unbrcb of 25crhclcp 

i. The faid J one was firft maryed to Thomas Stanton, by whom fhee had 
noe iffue ; and fecondly maryed to Henry Beale, by whom fhee had iffue three 
daughters ; vz, i Alice (written alfo Aliva in fome records) firft maried to Robert 
ffeylond, and after to Richard Goffe : 2 Jone, maried to John Moody, And 3 Anne: 
which Jone and Anne dyed without iffue, and the faid Alice the eldeft fifter dyed 
in 4. H. 8. which yeare alfo dyed the faid Jone. 

2. The faid I fable (written fomtimes Elizabeth,) fifter alfo of the faid Jone 
Dreicote, was maried to Richard Catfon ats Plowmaker and dyed in 7. H. 8. leavinge 
iffue Margery, maried to Henry Baynam, who died in 12. H. 8. without iffue, 
wherby the faid Alice her cozen germane became her heire ; And theis are thofe 
woemen and their hulbands who in the times of kinge H. 8. and of Queene Eliz : 
have aliened this ancient freehold and parcell of land in fuch fort, by their feverall 
fales at feverall times, that it is become the inheritance of thofe 10. feverall perfons 
before named, wherof my felfe am one ; but noe one acre therof is in the pofterity 
or iffue of the faid John fonne of Euftace of Came, the firft feoffee, though many 
remaine at this day. 

3Hltb for proofe of the greateft part if not of all before written of this Draicote, 
confult with theis records . viz', 

Finis in banco. 32. H. 3. Inter Came et Draicote. 

Inq : 2. H. 8. pt mortem Johis Dreicote ats Tanner. 

Inq: 20. H. 8. pt mortem Marge? Baynham. — per fervic militare. 

Trifi Rec in Sccio. 21. H. 8. Rot. 20. cm Rem Thefaur. — p fervic mil. 

ffinis in banco. 35. H. 8. p Rico Hardinge. 

ffinis in banco. 35. H. 8. p Jotie Hardinge 

ffinis in banco. 37. H. 8. p Johe Tomlins ats Minor. 

Micfias Rec. 16. H. 8. rot. 9. in fccio cm Rem thefaur. — p fervic mit. 

Rec. in banco. 4. & 5. Ph: & Mar. Rot. 836. 

ffinis in banco. Trifi 5. Eliz. Inter Johem Cowley et Ricm Gough ats 

Goffe, de medietate manij de Draicote, et ten in Nibley. 
Trifi Rec. 5. Eliz. Rot. 41. in fccio cm Reiii Thefaur. — per fervic mit., 

beft. I 
I2 8 Rec. in banco. 10. Eliz. de partitione, inter Hardinge, et at. 

ffinis in banco. 30. Eliz. pro Browninge. 

Inq : 4. Caroli, fit mortem Johis Browninge. — very good : — p fervic mit. 
Inq: 15. Caroli. pt morte Rici Walkeley — p fervic mit. — found by himfelfe. 

Rot. 



Came 127 

Rot. paten. 2. E. 2. ps. 1. in dorfo. in arce London. Steptius de Draicote 

arf affifam verfus Ricm Aftmead cticm de ten in Came. 
And after in Draycote fol : 173. 

Inq : $7- E. 3. de feodis de Berkeley in ftfcio. — p ferviciu mil. 
Co : roll, in a paper booke, 4. H. 8. pt morte Johe Beale. — p fervic mit. 

et her. 
Court roll in pchm'. of Came 20. H. 8. pt morte Margeriae Baynam — p 

heriot. good. 
Co : rolls of Cowley. 1. et 3. Eliz. pt morte Jofcis Parflowe. r 34? ^. et p 

ferviciu militare. 
Co : roll of Came. 7. H. 8. pt morte Ifabelke vxof Rici Plowmaker. f. 44? 

p homag et heriet. 
Co : roll of Cowley. 

^Ctrc alfo in Came is one other ancient freehold called the Hall place, which Hall place. 

as eminent above others gfave the name to fome of the owners (inhabitants in the late Hidings 
v now Hoptons. 

meffuage,) to bee anciently written John At Hall, Thomas At Hall, &c. And was 
by William Hopton the elder in the 7* yeare of kinge Charles, purchafed (in the 
names of his five feoffees,) who after conveyed the fame to William Hopton, fonne 
and heire of the faid William,) of William Harding fonne of John Hardinge, fonne 
of Thomas Hardinge, fonne of Richard Hardinge, fonne of William Hardinge, who 
died in 37. H. 8 : As by two Inquificons remaininge of Record, found after his 
death, appeareth : Hee beinge fonne of Thomas Hardinge and of Margaret his 
wife daughter and coheire of Wittm Heyward, fonne of John Heyward and of 
Lucia his wife daughter and heire of Roger de Came, fonne of Henry de Came, 
fonne of Raphe de Came, who dyed in 16. E. 1. as by Rot. finiii. 16. E. 1. membr. 
11. in the tower of London appeares : Before which Raphe, it was the land of 
Maurice de Came, and of Roger de Came, And in the raigne of kinge R. 1. 
of Hugh de Came : much the greater part of which meffuage and lands is holden 
of the manor of Durfley by knight fervice, and the refidue of the lord Berkeley 
as of his manor of Came, as in the forefaid Inquificons is perticulerly fpecified : ffor 
which meffuage and land fee alfo the will of the faid William Hardinge fonne of 
Thomas and Margaret, dated 2. ffebr : 36. H. 8. wherby hee | did feverally convey 129 
theis and other his lands amongft his fonnes, mentioned alfo in the faid Inquificons 
of 37. H. 8. whofe pofterities hold part of them in Cowley and Slimbridge to this 
day A? 1639. And this meffuage and mod of the land is within the Leete of the 
manor of Durfeley and not of the Leet of Berkeley : And one Cotage orchard and 

garden 



i28 ftunbrcD of 23crhricu 

garden ground the faid lafl mentioned Wittm Hardinge fonne of John fold in fee to 
Samuell Trotman, and hee to ffrancis Webbe of London, And hee in the yeare, 
1638. to Edward Hall of Came, to whofe other freehold there it adioyneth. And 
for this land fee alfo an Inquificon in 19. E. 2. after the death of Wittm Coriet, 
which alfo findeth Wittm Hoptons cheife rent of — 12" 4 d . lately queftioned againft 
him : See alfo fol : 159. 

Planche^ nowe pccrc alfo in this parifh is another ancient freehold meffuage and land, called 

Planches, or la planca, of old efteemed halfe an hide of land, called the ffarme 
of Planches in many evidences, now the inheritance of John Somers, fonne of 
Lawrance Somers who dyed in 19. Jacobi, having in 18. Eliz. purchafed the fame 
of William Berkeley of Creffage in the parifh of Cond in the County of Salop, who 
was brother and heire of Edward Berkeley, fonne of John Berkeley, fonne of 
Edmond, fonne of John, fonne of Edmond, fonne of John Berkeley called alfo 
Planch, fonne of John de Planches, fonne of John Berkeley, third fonne of Maurice 
lord Berkeley the third lord of that name, who by his Deed dated on wednefday 
the feaft day of the Epiphany, the 6'! 1 of January in 15. E. 2, conveyed the fame 
to the faid John Berkeley, his fonne, and to the heires males of his body, by the 
name of all his lands and tenements at planches in Came, with the fervices of thofe 
his tenants there, which Thomas lord Berkeley father of him the faid lord Maurice 
had purchafed of Thomas Monmouth, lord of the faid lands called planches; 
Rendringe to him the faid lord Maurice vnam capellam rofarum, (one chaplet or 
garland of rofes,) on midfomer day, for all fervices; As by the two duplicates of 
the original] Deed, the one in Berkeley caftle the other with the faid John Somers., 
appeareth : ffor which rofes the faid John Somers payeth a penny of yearly rent to 
this manor of Came at this day; A° 1639. Howbeit the ancient tenure of this farme 
or halfe hide of land was of the manor of Durfeley, within the Leet wherof it flill 
is and not of Berkeley : wherof fee more in the defcription of Durfeley fol : 1 75. 
130 And in the time of kinge Henry the fecond this halfe hide of land was the | in- 
heritance of Hugo de planca, And in the time of kinge Richard the firft of Rogerus 
de planca ; And in 3. E. 2. of John Monmouth, fonne and heire of Walter de 
Monmouth, who then dyed feized therof, And Thomas was his brother and heire 
then 16. yeares old, fonne alfo of the faid Walter de Monmouth. 

23)i an InquifitYin in the tower of London in 45. H. 3. William Lcffeborrowe 
held one carucate of land in la planch in Came of Thomas de la planch, by the rent 
of halfe a marke and fute to the court of Durfele, And that Agatha the wife of 
Henry de Deane was his daughter and heire, 20. yeares old. "Xty 



Came 129 

25p Inq : 50. H. 3. Wittm Mauduit was found to hold one yard land in la 
planch, and to have byn againft the kinge in the feidge of Marlebge and in the 
battell of Lewes. 

2£>p Inq : 3. E. 2, John Monmouth fonne and heir of Walter, and Thomas 
fonne and heire of John Monmouth, are found to hold 10. acres at la planch of 
Thomas lord Berkeley: And alfo to hold 87. acres of the heire of William Berkeley 
of Durfeley, in ward to the kinge. 

3[lt 6. E. 3. Katherine the widowe of Thomas Monmouth did arraigne an 
affife for theis lands of planches againft John Berkeley aforefaid, by the name of 
John fonne of Maurice lord Berkeley. Rot. paten. A° pd. in dorfo. 

latere alfo in another fmall freehold of a quarter of a yard land the inheritance Selimans lands 
of William Seliman, holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Came by 
knight fervice fute of Court heriot fervice and the yearly rent of — 10? 6^ Which 
Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond lord of that name by his Deed dated in a? 29. 
E. 1. gave, by the name of totum illud ferdellum terrae cum ptinen in Came, to 
Walter Seliman and Maud his wife, and to the heires of their bodies, To hold 
vnder the yearly rent of — 10? 6? and heriot accordinge to the cuftome of that 
manor for all fervices, favinge the regall fervice (regali fervicio) which as the Deed 
proveth, is by knights fervice : An eftate taile that I fuppofe yet continueth vndif- 
continued ; which Walter and Maud the donees had iffue John Seliman, father of 
John, father of John, father of John, father of Auguftine and John, which Auguftine 
dyed without iffue in i°. Mar. leavinge John his brother and heire, who died 13 
Eliz : and had iffue William Selman that yet liveth, 1639. And furely the honeft 
fimplicity of this William Selman, (and of all his forefathers as credible tradition 
delivers,) is agreeable to the name, beinge plaine filly fimple men, livinge of this 
little in all their generations, without diminucon or increafe of further | eftate then 131 
this quarter of an yard land : And fome little more they have in Stancombe, which 
came 

Which originall deed vnder feale in Berkeley caftle for the rarity it fhall not greive 
mee to have copied out in thies words, vz, 

•©mnibu.sf xpi fidelibus hoc prefens fcriptum infpecluris, Thomas Diis de Berke- 
ley faltm in dno : Noveritis me dediffe conceffiffe et hoc prefenti fcripto confirmaffe 

Waltero 

s VOL. Ill 



130 ®unorcD of 23ctftdcp 

Waltero Selyman de Came et Matildse vxori fuse, Totum illud ferdellum terrae cum 
ptinen quod prius de me tenuerunt ad terminum vitse in Came : Hend et tenemt totm 
p\lcm ferdellum cu oibus ptinen fuis, de me et hered meis, pMcis Waltero et Matildas 
vxori fuae et hered fuis de corpore eo£ legittime procreatis, libere, quiete bene et in 
pace, Reddendo anuatim mihi et hered meis pdci Walterus et Matilda vxor eius ad 
terminu vitse eorundem, dimidiam marcam argenti ad quatuor anni terminos princi- 
pales equali porcone. Et fex denarios pro vna acra et dimid claudend iuxta la 
holewell ad terminos pd dum in claufo duraverit; Et poft deceffum pdiclorii Walteri 
et Matildse, heredes eo£ legittime de corporibus fuis procreati reddent anuatim 
decern folidos et fex denarios, ad terminos fupradiclos, pro eod tenemento et claufo, 
pro omnibus fervicijs et fecularibus demandis ad me vel heredes meos ptinentibus, 
Salvo regali [fervicio] quantum pertinet ad tantm tentm in eod feodo, et denariis 
beati Petri et herieto cum accident ledm confuetudine Man'ij. Et falvis duobus 
adventibus apud Berket p ann ad vifum francij pledgij. Et fi contingat qd pdcus 
Walterus et Matilda proximo herede eoru infra setatem exiftente obierint, volo qd 
dcus heres, non obfbante minoritate, feifinam dci teiiti ftatim heat per rectm et 
debitum releviu fcdm vfu man'ij fine contradiclione. Et ego pdcus Thomas et 
heredes mei totum pMcum ferdellum terrae cm ptinen pdcis Waltero et Matildae 
et hered' eox de corporibus fuis legittime procreatis in forma pMca contra omnes 
mortales warrantizabimus imppetuii. In cuius rei teftimoniu huic fcripto bipertito 
figillum meu appofuimus. Datu apud Berket die fci marci evangeliftae, anno regni 
regis Edwardi, vicefimo nono. Hijs teftibus, Robto de Berket, Thoma de Swon- 
hungre, Henrico de Came, Waltero Hathemere, et alijs. 

But quaere, whether this deed difchargeth the wardfhip of the body, as it doth 
of the land. 

Naffe Court. i^CCTC alfo is another ancient meffuage and two yard land called Naffe Court, 

the inheritance of John Trotman comonly called of the knapp, accordinge to the 
fcituacon of the faid Meffuage ; Which John is fonne of Nicholas Trotman who 
died in 19° Eliz., fonne of John Trotman who dyed about 20. houres before the 
faid Nicholas, fonne of Thomas Trotman, who in 1. et 2. Ph: et Mar, purchafed 
132 the I faid meffuage and lands of John Berkeley of Bcverfton Caftle, then efquire, 
after knight, therby feveringe it from his manor of Woodmancote in the parifii of 
Durfley wherof it was parcell, And till then held by Copy of Court roll accordinge 
to the cuftome of that manor, as by the copy thcrof amongft the evidences of the 
laid which I have feene, appeareth : And the faid Thomas 

Trotman 



nowe Trotmans 



Came 

Trotman the purchafer of this land dyed in A° 5. et 6. Ph: & Mar. And was fonne 
of Henry Trotman who died in 18. H. S. fonne of John Trotman who dyed in 
, fonne of Elias Trotman who died in , 

fonne of Robert Trotman who died in 5. H. 5. brother and heire of Walter, fonnes 
of John Trotman, fonne of Richard, who lived in the time of kinge E. 2. ffor 
which purchafe made by the faid Thomas Trotman of John Berkeley fee a fine in 
banco in Trifi terme. 5. Mar de ten in Came et Slimbridge. And for the difcent 
of the faid John Berkeley, whofe anceftors had for many difcents held this meffuage 
and land, fee in Beverfton. fol : 97. And Woodmancote fol : 389. And is holden 
of George lord Berkeley by knight fervice, fute to his hundred court of Berkeley 
from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — 10* And of — 6 d . more paid 
for other lands which longe have beene occupied therwith : Some part of which 
lands, viz. a meffuage and one acre and a quarter of ground, are nowe the inheri- 
tance of Nicholas Trotman, fonne of Edward Trotman of Came, called of the 
Stepps, As by an Inquificbn found the laft yeare A° 14. Rf Car 1638, after 
the death of the faid Edward, appeareth ; And which hee the faid Edward by 
Deed dated 20. Junij Anno 12. Rf Jacobi purchafed of John Trotman his eldeft 
brother, as the faid Inquificon fhevveth : And for which the faid John hath 40? p 
Ann paid to him as a rent charge out of the fame. 

3CntJ by Deed 20. E. 3. Walter de Naffe Dhs de Naffe, granted to Thomas 
lord Berkeley the third lord of that name A meffuage and 2. yard land, by the 
name of all his lands and tents in Came which were Henry de Naffe his fathers ; 
To hold to the faid lord Thomas for his life, And after his death to Maurice his 
fonne (poftnatus) and to the heires males of his body, the remainder to the heires 
males of the body of the faid lord Thomas and of Katherine his fecond wife, the 
Rem r to the right heires of the faid lord Thomas ; To bee held of the cheife lord 
by the rents and fervices accuftomed : (but the faid deed though made that yeare 
yet is not dated :) And the faid John Berkeley who aliened this land to Thomas 
Trotman, was the heire male of the body of the faid lord Thomas and Katherine, 
As in Woodmancote fol : 389 appeareth : And from the ancient feifin of this Walter 
de Naffe and his anceftors continueth the name of Naffe court to this day, 1639, to 
this meffuage and land. | 

€()!£' Naffe court with other lands the faid John Trotman hath by his deed 133 
dated 6. mcij. A°. 14. Rf Jacobi, fetled after the death of himfelfe, vpon Henry his 
eldeft fonne and the heires males of his body with Remainder over, the Remainder 
to the heires of the faid John. 

freeze 



131 



132 



I^unDrcD of 25rrfericp 



Battens lands. 



See after in this 
page. 

q: if Cliffehave all 
y' Giles Hitchins 
p r cha : of Baflet. 



l^CCtC are about 25. acres with an houfe vpon part therof alfo, called Bafletts 
lands, late the inheritance of William Baflet Efc^, which lineally had difcended vpon 
him from the time of kinge Henry the third, holden of this manor of Came by 
knight fervice, fute of Court, and the yearly rent of 12"! ; wherof (efpetially for the 
difcent) read more in Ewley, fol : [188]. And are nowe the feverall inheritances of 
Thomas Mors, fonne of John, who holdeth 10. acres therof and paies — y d . cheife 
rent, part of the faid — I2 1 ! And of Thomas Cliffe who holds 15. acres therof, and 
paies — 4I parcell of the faid 12^ And of John Hutchens who holds the faid Cotage 
cm ptiii and paies — i"! the refidue of the faid 12? All which theis Records (befides 
many other evidences) doe fully fhewe, viz! ; 
Inq : p' morte Edmondi Baflet. 
Rot. patent. 11. E. 3. in arce Lond" : 
Inq : 24. H. 7. p' morte Robti Baflet. 
Inq : 35. H. 8. p' morte Egidij Baflet. 
Inq: 16. Eliz. p! morte Robti Baflet. 
Diverfce Cartae cum Willimo Baffett p\T, quas perlegi. 
See more in the defcription of Ewley. 

And a Deed in Berkeley Caftle without date, wherby Richard Berkeley 
granted to Anfelme Baflet and Margaret his wife, and to the heires of 
Anfelme, 30. acres and an halfe, in the townes of Came and Chofley, 
wherof 16. acres and an halfe in Came, To hold of him and his heires, 
Rendringe and doeinge to the cheife lords the fervices and rents due 
and accuftomed. This Richard was fonne to the lord Maurice the 
firft, and great vncle to the faid Margaret. 
Came Co: roll: 8. Jac. for the alienacons and apportionment of the 12"! rent. 
Co : roll of Came. 38. Eliz. YViHm Baflet obijt. r 1 2 d . 



134 



3ttlb in this manor of Came is a meffuage garden and 60. acres of land, and 3. 
acres of mcadowe, holden of the lord Berkeley by knight fervice, wherof Edmund 
Baffet in 4. E. 2. dyed feifed, as his office fheweth ; which in partition amongft his 
three fiflers and heires were allotted to Margaret maried to Nicholas de Valers. 
who I fhortly after fold them or the greater part to Thomas lord Berkeley, as by 
Deeds in Berkeley caftle doth appeare. 



23p Deed 30. Aprit. A° 8. Jac, Wittm Baffet aliened in fee to John Morfe a 
clofe of paflure called Shortworthy cont. 6. acres, And an acre of mead in Brighten- 
mead, in 2. places therof: And 3. acres of arrable land in Downfeild. 

23p 



Came 1 33 

25p deed, i. Maij. A°. 8. Jac. Wittm Baffet aliened to John Hutchens in fee, 
A meffuage garden and a pcell of pafture ground adioyninge containing one rood. 

3Cll& by Deed dated i. Maij. A° 8. Jac. aliened to Giles Hutchens in fee, A 
meffuage garden orchard and a clofe called the homeclofe cont halfe an acre, 
A clofe called hangingly cont 2. acres, A clofe called Credins brooke cont 2. acres, 
And 2- acres and an halfe of arrable land in fouthfeild, in 4. places, And a clofe of 
pafture in hidefeild called Bufhinge grove cont. 3. acres, and 2. acf of arf land in 
hidefeild called Bankefland ; And other two acres of arrable in the faid hidefeild 
abutt on the kings highway on the north end. 

f^CCtC alfo neere vnto the church is an ancient meffuage with Go acres of land Daunts lands, 
meadowe and pafture therto belonginge, cofnonly called Oulpens, holden of this 
manor of Came by knight fervice, fute of Court, and the yearly rent of — j d . ob. 
nowe the inheritance of Wittm Hardinge, who paies — 6 d . ob. therof; And of 
Thomas Mors, who paies — i"! Thomas Cliffe, alfo Thomas Daunt, Somers, 

and Wittm Plomer, hold fome other parts of this land, but pay noe part of the rent: 
See the Court roll of Came. 2° et io° Jacobi. 

2$p an Inq: in 24 Eliz. Edward Woolworth ats Webb is found to dye feifed 
of 34. acres of land in Came, holden by fute of Court and the yearly rent of-2 d . ob. ; 
And to bee conveyed in taile to Chriftopher Woolworth and Wittm Woolworth, the 
remainder to his owne right heires. And that Margery the wife of Thomas Rawlyns 
ats Compton, daughter of John Woolworth, is his grandchilde and heire, of full age: 
This land fhortly after came by purchafe to Edward Trotman of Came, who with 
Edward his fonne and heire after aliened the fame to Wittm Hardinge and others. 

5tllb for further proofe, fee an Inq: 13. H. S. 2. bundle, after the death of 
Margery Daunt daughter and heire of Robert de Oulpen, from whofe feifin and 
of many of his anceftors theis lands received their name of Oulpens, which holds 
to this day. And fee alfo an Inq: in 35. H. 8. after the death of Chriftopher 
Daunt fonne and heire of the faid Margery. And more fully in my defcription of 
Oulpen fol : 309. which I heere omit, in avoidinge double repetitions. | 

^Cfrc alfo in another ancient meffuage called Woodends houfe, with two yard *35 

land therto belonginge, now the inheritance of Edward Hill gent, which this prefent lat^Trotmans' 6 

yeare, 1638. hee purchafed of ffrancis Webb of London as after followeth ; holden nowe Hills - 

of 



134 J^unDrcD of 25erftclcp 

of the lord Berkeley as of his manor of Came, by knight fervice fute of Court and 
the yearly rent of 24? as after more pticulerly followeth : who alfo for fome other 
fmall parcell of land longe occupied therwith and togeather paieth — 2*. more. Which 
lands have removed as nowe followeth. 

25p Deed without date, (which I have feene,) Robert lord Berkeley (the fecond 
of that name) who died in 4. H. 3, as formerly in Berkeley and other places appeares; 
granted to liorjcr. DC JBooDCTlD (the true fcituacon of this houfe and lands,) vnam 
dimidiam virgatam terrae in Came, fctt, ilia dimidia virgata terrae cum meffuagio et 
oibus alijs ptinen fuis, que Radus de Boleia tenuit, Tenendum fibi et hered fuis, de 
me et hered meis, libere honorifice et quiete, Reddend mihi et hered meis pro omni 
fervicio, confuetudine et exaiftione, octo folidos, vz, Ad feftm Michis — 4? et feftm 
beatae Mariae in mcio 4' Salvo Dni regis fervicio, vz, quantum ptinet ad dimid 
virgata terre in ead. villa. 

3£nD by another Deed without date alfo, (which I have likewife feene,) Thomas 
lord Berkeley brother and heire of the faid lord Robert (the firft of that name,) who 
died in 28. H. 3, as formerly alfo in Berkeley and other places appeares, Remifit 
Rico filio Rogeri de la Wudende de Came pro homagio et fervicio fuo, in liberu 
maritagiu cum Sibilla filia Petri Sanmelis, quatuor folidos redditus de viginti octo 
folidis, quos diclus Rogerus mihi fingulis annis reddere confuevit, pro vna virgata 
terrae et dimid quam bone memorie Robtus de Berket frater meus diclo Rogero et 
hered fuis, dedit et cartis fuis confirmavit ; (A deed I have not yet feene ;) Et in- 
fuper diclus Thomas remifit diclo Ricardo in liber maritagiu cm fjdicla Sibilla et 
hered fuis, fectfi hundredi mei nifi tantum quod ter in anno ad hundredum meum 
rationabiliter vocatus accedat, vz, ad prox hundred port feftm fci Micbis, et ad prox 
hundreds pt feftm fci Hillarij, et ad hundredum de Hockday ; with a confirmacon 
of the faid yard land and an halfe : Rendringe yearly — 24 s at the fower feaft daies, 
of xmas, Eafter, Si John Baptift, and Michas, for all fervices exactions and worldly 
demands, Salvo tantm regali fervicio quantm ptinebit ad vnii virgata terrae et dimidia 
in eadem ; As by the Deed, with a feale of red wax with the George mounted, cir- 
cumfcribed £igilluni CljoniC De 23cchflci, appeares. 

*J\\ the 1 7'f 1 of E. 2. it was the land of Thomas at Woodend. 

25p a Deed in Berkeley caftle in 4. H. 5. Wittm Kedon, cozen and heire of 
Richard Wodeende of Came, releafed to Wittm Longford of Came and to John 

Cowley 



€ame 135 

Cowley of Stinchcombe and their heires, All his right and eftate in all thofe lands 
and tenements, which to him difcended after the death of Richard Wodeende his 
cozen in Came, | And by another Deed, there alfo, in 6. H. 5. John Cowley aforefaid 136 
releafed to the faid William Longford and his heires, All his eftate right title &c. in 
all thofe lands tenements revertions &c. in Came, which hee had of the guift and 
grant of Wittm Kedon cozen and heire of Richard Wodeend of Came. And thus 
moved this land from the family and name of Woodend, to the name and family of 
Longford. 

5fn the 9. H. 5., 1. H. 6., 21. H. 6., 26. H. 6., it was the land of Wiftm Longford 
aforefaid, who in that 26 th yeare gave the fame by the name of a meffuage and one 
yard land and an halfe called Woodends, to John his fonne in taile, the remainder 
to his owne right heires ; In which name of Longford (wherby the lands are to this 
day called Longfords lands,) it continued vntill the time of kinge Henry the feaventh. 

5fn the 1 3* of kinge Henry the feaventh, John Longford, a marchant in Briftoll, 
conveyed the fame to Mathew Catchmay and his heires, by the name of all his 
lands in Came or elfewhere within the hundred of Berkeley. 

3[n 21. H. 8. Wittm Catchmay conveyed to Richard Brayne and his heires, A 
meffuage in Came and all his lands there which difcended to him after the death of 
Agnes Catchmay his grandmother. 

3In 35. H. 8. the faid Richard Brayne conveyed to Thomas Trotman and his 
heires, All thofe two meffuages with their appurtenants called Longfords ; And one 
other meffuage and halfe a yard land in Whetenhurft, Which (with a Releafe alfo,) 
is inrolled with the clarke of the peace of this county ; And in 1. E. 6. A fine was 
levied of theis lands betweene Thomas Trotman q. and Richard Brayne and Eliz. 
Afhby widowe, def'. s by the names of 3. mefs and r8o. acres. &c. in Came and 
Whetenhurft. 

ffrom which Thomas Trotman this land came to Richard his fecond fonne and 
his heires, Againft whom, a title to theis lands was pretended by George Goffe in 
right of Mary his wife, Jone ap Roberts, widowe, and Thomas James, as coheires 
to Mary Catchmay after wife of William Warren, which beinge ended by Arbitre- 
ment, A fine (amongft other affurances) was levied in Trinity terme, 20. Eliz. 
betweene Richard Trotman pit, and George Goffe and Mary his wife, Thomas 

James 



136 Jljunbrcb of 2Bccftdcp 

James, and Jone ap Roberts, widowe, coheires of Mary Catchmay def 15 by the 
names of 3. mefs. and 180. acres, &c. in Came ; The Indenture leadinge the vfe to 
the faid Richard Trotman and his heires, And the Arbitrement, That the queftion 
was for Woodends houfe in Came, and one yard land and an halfe therto belong- 
inge : And for another houfe and halfe a yard land therto belonginge in Came alfo, 
called Lampland. Touchinge which Lampland, all I have found is That 24° Augufti. 
3. E. 6. the kinge granted 2 s . rent p Ann to Wittm Saule and Wittm Bridges and 
their heires, who 18. Oclobf. the fame yeare granted the fame to Thomas Trotman 
137 and his heires, goeinge | out of a certaine tenement in Came called Longfords 
houfe, Ad fuftentandum vnu lampadem in Ecclefia de Came. 

CJ)C faid Thomas Trotman dyed (as hath byn faid) in 5. et 6. Ph : & Mar, 
leavinge this land in Came to Richard his fecond fonne aforefaid, who built a faire 
houfe thervpon And after died in 35. Eliz. wherby it difcended to Edward his 
eldeft fonne, who vpon maryage of Edward his eldeft fonne with the widowe of 
John Aylway, conveyed the revertion after his owne life in fee or fee tayle to the 
faid Edward his fonne, fince a Reader in Court and bencher in the Inner Temple, 
yet livinge. Who after fundry mortgages therof and of other lands to Henry Prat 
of London, made by him and Edward his fonne and heire apparant, And to Wirlm 
Hill of Tuexbury and John Wakeman, Samuell Trotman, and Throgmorton 
Trotman, his brothers and kinfmen, vpon loanes of monies and for their indemni- 
ties from debts as fuerties for him the faid Edward, They all by ffine Recovery 
and Deeds in 10. Regis Caroli, conveyed the fame to the vfe of ffrancis Webb 
aforefaid and his heires; Who by Deed and fine in 14. Rf Caroli, conveyed the 
fame to Edward Hill aforefaid and his heires, to whom Elizabeth my third daughter 
is wife. The Epitaph of which Edward Trotman the father is in Came church in 
theis words : ffrCCtt lyeth the body of M' Edward Trotman the elder, late of Eft- 
wood, fonne of M r Richard Trotman of Poole court in Worcefterfhire, by Katherine 
his wife daughter of Edward Tindall Efquire : Hee was borne the 5'. h day of October, 
a° Dni. 1545. and comfortably departed this life the 6 1 ! 1 of June. 1633. £i)U£ hj£ 
Combe. 

Aftmead in *Tn this parifh of Came, in the hamblet called Aftmead ats Afhmead which 

confifteth of 4. ancient dwcllinge houfes, is one meffuage called Miles place at 
White croffe greene with halfe a yard land therto belonginge, of old parcell of the 
forefaid manor of Draicote, nowe of late the inheritance of John Stinchcombe, 
fonne of John fonne of Robert and Welthian his wife, daughter of John Tomlins 

ats 



Came. 



€ame 

ats Minard, to whom the faid John by his Will devifed the fame in generall tayle, 
havinge in the 37^ H. 8. purchased the fame (inter alia) of John Nelme, fonne of 
Richard fonne of John fonne of William Nelme, and of Tibote his wife, daughter 
of Jone Dreycote, daughter and coheire of John Dreycote, fonne of Stephen de 
Dreycote, wherof fee more in Dreycote fol : 125. 126. And is holden as the reft of 
that farme or manor of Draycote, by knight fervice, and fuite of Court, as before is 
written fol : pMcb. | 

ipccrc alfo, is a meffuage watermill and lands comonly called Mabfons lands, 
now or late the inheritance of John Trotman, holden of this manor of Came by 
knight fervice fute of Court and the yearly rent of — 13I 4"?, which John is fonne of 
Nicholas who dyed 19. Eliz., fonne of John who dyed alfo 19. Eliz., fonne of Thomas 
who dyed 5. et 6. Ph: et Mar, fonne of Henry Trotman who dyed 18. H. 8, havinge 
by deed dated 17. April a° 3. H. 8. purchafed the fame of Henry Mabfon, and which 
before were the lands of William Mabfon, who was in ward for the fame ; ffrom 
whofe feifin and other of their Anceftors the name of Mabfons land ftill continueth ; 
Nowe the inheritance of Henry Trotman fonne of John. 



137 



138 

Mabfons lands, 
nowe Trotmans. 



Of this land alfo, theis have part, viz', 



iiJCCtC alfo is an ancient meffuage with 90. acres of ground, anciently efteemed a Corietts. 
Carucate of land, with a grift mill and two fullinge mills comonly called and knowne 
by the name of Coriets, ats Coriets place; now the inheritance of Samuell Hardinge, 
fonne of William lately dead who purchafed the fame of Arnold Oldifworth Efq^ in 
10. Jacobi, And hee by deed dated 20° Julij A° 9° Jacobi pd, of Henry lord Berke- 
ley, whofe grandchild and heire George lord Berkeley now is, wherin the faid Lord 
referved the feefarme rent of — 3'!' p ann, anciently paid, paiable halfe yearly, And 
39* rent to bee paid to John Hardinge, (now Wittm Hoptons) and to Thomas 
Taylor, and their heires yearely, and fute of court to his manor of Came, or 4*? for 
every default. 



Cl)t\fl?C of old were the lands of Walter Coriet and other of that Sirname, very 
ancient freeholders there, which cohlinge by purchafe (as I conceive) to the hands 
of the Lords of the manor of Came, were for many yeares, yea ages, granted by 
copy of court roll accordinge to the cuftome of that their manor, for 3. lives fuccef- 
fively, the laft copihold wherof was John Somers ; Howbeit, vpon an Informacon 

of 

T VOL. Ill 



i38 



^unorco of 55crhckp 



of Intrufion, exhibited in the Exchequer by Queene Eliz. in the 2 2 th of her raigne 
againft the faid Henry lord Berkeley, grounded vpon the Attainder of John Dudley 
Duke of Northumberland, hee was by Jury found guilty, and hee and his faid tenant 
139 John Somers, then an old man above 80. yeares, turned out of | poffeffion, by a 
Decree in the Court of Wards in Eafter terme in the 42^ yeare of her raigne ; 
havinge till that time continued a quiet poffeffion notwithftandinge the faid Re- 
covery vpon the faid Informacon, as beinge noe true ancient parcell of this manor 
of Came but fomtime the freehold land of the faid Walter Coriet, wherof much 
more is to bee read in the faid Decree, and in the Bill Anfweres and Depofitions 
of witneffes taken in that caufe, vvheron that Decree was grounded, whither I fend 
him that defireth more. 

See an Inq : for that land in Januar. 15. Rf Caroli. 1639. p' morte 



Trotmans of the 
Stepps. 



It)CCre alfo is a meffuage and 36. acres of land, late the inheritance of Edward 
Trotman, called of the Stepps from the greefings or ftaires of ftone leadinge out of 
the ftreet vp into the faid meffuage ; And alfo 7. acres of land late James Kings, 
And alfo one clofe called Sparkhill cont 8. acres, which hee by deed dated the firft 
of July a° 9° Jacobi, purchafed in fee farme of Henry lord Berkeley, then copihold 
lands held accordinge to the cuftome of that manor by Wittm Bendall and others, 
Refervinge the yearly rent of thirty millings and fix pence payable quarterly, And 
— 3 IL 6* S d . for an heriot after the death of each tenant of the fame, or of any part 
therof, And like fute to the Halimot court of this manor of Came as other cuftomary 
tenants there doe, or 4"! in money for every default : Howbeit the tenure is of the 
kinge by knight fervice in Capite, beinge part of the faid Lord Berkeleys manor of 
Came before the faid grant, which is foe holden : Which Edward dyed 9° Maij. 
a° 14° Car regis, As an Inquificon after his death ; a 14. Rf Caroli p\T, fheweth ; 
And the faid lands remained in fee tayle generall to Nicholas his fonne by a fecond 
wife; And not to Richard fonne of William, eldeft fonne of the faid Edward Trotman 
by his firft wife. 



Kftcourts land. 
Milefmore. 



1i)CCVC alfo is a pafture ground called Mylefmore containinge 7. acres, the in- 
heritance of Thomas Eftcourt Efi^ fonne of Edmond Eftcourt late of Tetbury, 
brother and heire of Thomas Eftcourt of Laffeborrowe knight, which Thomas his 
father purchafed of Richard Bridges, And before the land of Edmond Woolworth 
ats Webbe, wherof read more in the defcription of Durfley : Holden of this manor 
of Came by fealty, and the yearly rent of — 5' Inq : 1. R. 2. Nichus Berkeley tenuit 

Milefmore 



Cmne 1 39 

Milefmore iuxta Durfley de Dno de Berkeley p 2* 6 d redd p oibz fervic. Et tenuit 
vna paftura. vocat Tannerfcroft iuxta Durfley de Jofee de Berkeley milite, (de 
Beverfton) | per redd-5* p ann pro oibus fervicijs. 140 

See alfo the Co : roll of Came 3. Eliz. when Agnes the wife of George Jones 
died, who held this Milefmore for her life, viz' vnu claufum vocat Milefmoore in 
Durfley, ptin manerio de Came, per redd — 5? Rob : Wikes eft proximus heres : 
Which Agnes was before the wife of John Wikes fonne and heire of 
Wikes of Dodington. 

i^CCfC alfo in Came, and likewife in Cowley, are divers lands and tenements Tailors lands 
cofnonly called Taylors lands, now the feverall inheritances of John Trotman of (j ow j ev 
Came called of the knapp, John Browninge of Cowley, Edward Hill, Witim 
Effington, Nicholas fonne of Edward Trotman of the ftepps, which the faid 
Edward purchafed of Griffith Trotman ; which, for thofe in Cowley were the lands 
of John Tailor, fonne of Thomas, called Beeflies, and were by William Browninge, 
father of John who died 5 Mar., father of Richard who died 37. Eliz., father of 
John who died 4. Caroli, father of the faid John Browninge of Cowley that now 
is, 1639. purchafed of the faid John Taylor fonne of Thomas, And are holden of 
that manor of Cowley by the yearly rent of — 34? as there appeares. 

And the lands in this manor of Came were by Wiltm Taylor and by his father 
Thomas, who was fonne of John, fonne of Thomas, aliened to the perfons afore- 
named and their anceftors, and to thofe whofe eftates they have. In which family 
of the Tailors the fame had continued for many difcents fince the time of kinge 
H. 4. ; ffor more wherof and for the tenure fee a Decree in the Court of Wards 
and liveries, formerly mentioned vnder the name of Hoptons lands late Hardings ; 
And alfo for theis Tailors lands, And the 39? goeinge out of Coriets lands faid to 
bee paid to Wittm Hopton and to the heires and affignes of Taylor ; See alfo a fine 
in banco 10. H. 4. inter Henricum Tailor pit And Walter Knight and Elizabeth 
his wife def ts 

See alfo an Inq : 14. Caroli, for part of theis lands found after the death of the 
faid Edward Trotman father of Nicholas. 

And an Inq : 4. Caroli. pt morte Johis Browninge. Co : roll of Came, 38. Eliz. 
Ricus Browninge a° preced. rent — 40* p terr in Came. | 



140 



^unbrcD of 25crhdcp 



141 IdCttC alfo in the little hamblet of this parifh of Came called Ypthorpe, that is 

■ p 3. or ' the vpper or higher part of the townefhipp, is a meffuage and 46. acres of ground 



now Henry 
Trotmans. 



q : if Daunts. 



therto belonginge, the inheritance of Henry Trotman an Atturny at the Counfell 
in the Marches of Wales, which hee had with fome other lands by conveyance from 
John Trotman his father, yet livinge, dated 6. rncij, 14. Rf Jacobi ; And hee the 
faid John as heire to Nicholas his father, eldeft fonne of John Trotman, whofe 
third brother (called alfo John Trotman) purchafed this meffuage and land of 

And left it for life to Katherine his wife daughter of 
William Trotman of Wotton; And by the death of the faid John Trotman (called 
of Vpthorp) without iffue, the fame difcended to the faid John Trotman as his next 
heire, who conveyed it to the faid Henry his fonne vpon his maryage as aforefaid. 
And was before the land of See for this the Co : rolls 

of Came, 44. Eliz. when the faid Katherine died. And 



23p Deed without date Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that name granted 
to Wittm de Berkeley his fonne in fee, one yard land in Came which William le 
Bell held of him, To hold by 4"! rent for all fervices, Salvo regali fervicio. And by 
another deed granted to the faid WiHm in fee one other yard land and an halfe 
in Came, To hold by 2 d . rent for all fervices, Salvo regali fervicio, which (doubtles) 
is knights fervice. But whofe theis lands nowe are I knowe not. 



Bourefley. nowe 
Hoptons. 



23p deed in 29. E. 1. Thomas lord Berkeley gave to Henry de Came and to 
his heires, Totam illam culturam terrae que vocatur 25oUtC.£tIcp continent 27. acras 
et dimict in Came, In exchange for 24* 6 d rent to bee yearly received of John de 
Hulmancote of Cowley and his heires. By what meanes and how many difcents 
this ground is come from the faid Henry de Came to Witim Hopton, whofe nowe it 
is, reputed as parcell of the meffuage in Came called the Hall place, See before in 
fol : 1 28. I 



142 23p the record of Extract donacofi, in 1 1. E. 3. membr. 12. et 36. Rex concefht 

Simoni Baffet et hered fuis, duas mercatas aiiui redditus in Came in Coin Glouc 
quae fuerunt Jotiis de ffoules fcoti, et ad manus patris regis devenerunt ratione 
inimicitise p\li£ti Jofcis. 



See in Slimbridge fol : 332. for the freehold of Robert Davis which hee pur- 
chafed of Thomas Veel, Rentinge to Came manor — 17 s 4^ p ann. 

And 



Cambribgc— Canon burn 14 1 

And in Hurft fol : 248. for the freeholders of Selewins land, nowe the inheri- 
tance of Beniamin Bridger Robert Davis and others, Rentinge to Came manor — 
1 of p ann. | 

Cambrtbg^. 143 

Cambridge J An hamblet or fmall village within the manor and parifh of 
Slimbridge, holden by George lord Berkeley by knight fervice in Capite ; Through 
which lyeth the great Road way leadinge betweene the Cities of Glouc and Briftoll. 

In this Village on S l . Katherines day, the 25^ of November, is kept a faire if I 
may foe call it ; but for any grant of fuch to have byn made by the Crowne I could 
never find, nor thinke that any fuch hath byn. 

Heere alfo was a Chaple wherof Thomas lord Berkeley had the advowtion, as 
by an Inquificon found after his death in 5. H. 5. appeares ; founded to the honor 
and worfhip of S! Katherine and of S' John Baptift, and endowed with competent 
maintenance for the preift, by Thomas lord Berkeley in 17. E. 3. with fuch ftatutes 
and ordinances, appointinge what kindes of Maffe collects and praiers fhould bee 
faid and fonge by him, vpon vfuall daies ordinary holidaies and vpon fpeciall feftivall 
daies, in foe decent and holy a manner That they may feeme to walke hand in hand 
with the doctrine of theis our times in the reformed church of England : And for 
manners and honor of his profeffion forbiddeth this his preift to take any money of 
any, or to bee fervant or Chaplen to any perfon but to God only in fpiritualities, 
and to himfelfe in honeft and neceffary temporalities : And that hee fhould live 
chaftly and honeftly, and not goe to any markets alehoufes or tavernes, neither 
fhould frequent playes or vnlawfull games, with other like ftatutes and ordinances : 
ffor which foundacon endowment and ordinances hee obtained both the licence of 
that kinge and the Bifhop of Worcefters confirmacon. 



Of this hamblet fee more in Slimbridge fol : 325, and after. 



144 blank. 



Canon bury. 145 

Canon burp : ats the manor of Canonbury : A compounded lordfhip or manor 
made of divers peices at feverall times put togeather, as after followeth: Heretofore 
it was by fuch additions as it received a faire manor of remarkeable value, but nowe 

foe 



142 ^unorcb of 23critricp 

foe pared by perticuler purchafes made of feverall parcells therof, That not the 40 th 
part therof remaineth to George lord Berkeley, who hath the Leet or lawe day of 
all the old refiants, and manor or Court baron, which yealdeth him yearly — 5^ 9! 2 d 
only, the moft wherof is in cheife rents; Which manor hee holdeth by knight fervice 
in Capite, And out of the fame paieth alfo for a tenth to the Crowne — 2* 6"? parcell 
of 47? 5"? referved vpon the Lfes patents of king Edward the fixt, as more largely 
followeth. 

It was parcell of the poffeffions of the Abby of S' Auguftines by Briftoll, and 
came to the Crowne by the diffolucbn of that Monaftery in 31. H. 8. The firft 
creation or compoundinge togeather of this manor was thus ; 

Robert the fonne of Hardinge, the firft lord of Berkeley, not longe after his 
foundinge of the faid Monaftery, which hee dedicated to God and to S' Auguftine, 
the Englifhmens Apoftle, neere Briftoll, in the time of kinge Stephen, did (amongft 
divers other manors and lands) endowe the faid Monaftery with divers lands and 
tenements in Arlingham, and with halfe of his fifhings there, and the tithe of the 
other halfe, And with the church and Advowfon of Berkeley, with the two Chaples 
of Hill and Stone therto belonginge, as before in the defcripcon of Arlingham and 
Berkeley, I have written. 

Afterwards the lord Maurice his fonne and heire, havinge in the time of kinge 
H. 2. confirmed to the Abbot and Covent of the faid monaftery, the foundation 
and guifts of the faid lord Robert his father, gave more to them (amongft other 
lands,) one hide of land at Hinton in the faid parifh of Berkeley, And one meffuage 
and a yard land at Alkington in the faid parifh, And alfo one other meffuage and a 
yard land at Oldminfter in Hinton aforefaid. 

Afterwards the lord Robert his fonne and heire, havinge confirmed (amongft 
other things) the aforefaid grants made by his father and grandfather ; Hee alfo 
further gave to the faid Abbot and Covent divers lands and tenements in Hame in 
the faid parifh of Berkley, And his great wood in Nybley in the parifh of Wotton, 
called Ewcombe, And alfo a meffuage and a yard land in Cowley, And alfo his 
watermill by Berkeley neere Lockfaft-bridge, after called Sextons mill, and alfo 
a meffuage and yard land neere to the faid mill : and a meffuage and yard land 
at Hulmancote in Cowley, And a meffuage and one yard land in Pockampton in 
Hinton aforefaid; And alfo gave to the Abbot and Covent of Kingfwood (which 

after 



Canon Burp 143 

after came to this Abbot and covent of S* | Auguftine by purchafe,) 4. yard land 146 
at Arlingham and divers other fifhings there, And alfo halfe a yard land at Ryam 
in Alkington aforefaid ; And divers houfes in Berkeley towne, And two yard more 
land in Arlingham, which this lord gave to the Chanons of Hereford, from whom 
this Abbot and covent of S! Auguftines after purchafed the fame. 

Afterwards Thomas lord Berkeley brother and heire to the forefaid lord Robert, 
gave to the faid Abbot and Covent of S' Auguftines other meffuages and lands in 
Cowley Berkeley and Hineton, And difchargeth all other their lands within the 
hundred of Berkeley (from whomfoever obtained or purchafed,) from all manner of 
fervices and earthly demaunds. 

Afterwards, Maurice lord Berkeley fonne of the faid lord Thomas, in 53. H. 3. 
confirmed to the faid Abbot and Covent, All thofe former grants of his Anceftors, 
and of all others, which any freeholders within his fee and feignory had made vnto 
them, Releafinge therewithall all his free rents and fervices which they owed to 
him for any their lands ; And further gave more to them divers lands and tene- 
ments in Berkeley Bevington and Walmegafton in the parifh of Berkeley, And in 
Erlingham. And now had the Abbot a fixt part of Berkeley towne, at the end 
wherof the Capitall Meffuage of Canonbury is feated, as the old Exchequer booke 
of Knights fees fpeaketh, whither to his Courts hee drewe all other his tenants. 

Afterwards in 35. E. 1. Thomas then lord Berkeley fonne of Maurice lord 
Berkeley, fonne of the laft mentioned Thomas lord Berkeley, and Maurice his 
fonne and heire apparant, granted to the faid Abbot and Covent to have a viewe 
of franke pledge (behold the rifinge) of all their owne tenants in all his manors and 
lands within the hundred of Berkeley, and in all their Lo p . s in the county of Glouc ; 
And to have Stockes, Cage, tumbrill, pillory, Cucking ftooll and other Judicialls, 
Colliftrigia, et trebuchets, 1 &c. All which Thomas lord Berkeley fonne of the faid 
Maurice in 4. E. 3. recitinge the faid wholl deed, confirmed to the faid Abbot and 
Covent. 

And afterwards the faid laft mentioned Lord Thomas, fonne of Maurice, fonne 
of Thomas, fonne of Maurice, fonne of Thomas, brother and heire of the faid lord 
Robert, in 11. E. 3. granted to the then Abbot and Covent of this monaftery of 
S' Auguftines, omnia animalia et alia, vt Cumeling et extrahura inventa et per 

ballivos 
1 Pillory and Cucking-flool or Tumbrell. [Ed.] 



144 J^unbreD of 25crhclcp 

ballivos fuos capta et arreftata in oibus dnicis fuis infra hundredum fuum de 
Berkeley ; And thus was this manor of Canonbury hatched and framed, with the 
liberties thereof, out of the devotion of 7. Lords in their fucceffive generations. | 

*47 'CI)U.3 continued this manor, but much more enlarged with the appropriate 

Rectory of Berkeley, till by the diffolution of the monaftery it came to the Crowne 
in 31. H. 8. and was in the beginninge of E. 6. his raigne granted to Sir Thomas 
Seymour knight lord Seymor of Sudely Caftle, by whofe attainder of high treafon 
fhortly after it came to the Crowne : And fhortly after, the faid kinge Edward the 
10 th of September in the 4^ of his raigne, granted the fame to John Dudley Earle 
of War?, (not longe after created Duke of Northumberland) and his heires. And 
the 16^ of the fame September the faid Earle of War?, conveyed the faid Manor 
to Sir Richard Sackvile knight, Chancellor of the court of Augmentations, and to 
Winifride his wife and to the heires of the faid Sir Richard ; As by the Deed 
inrolled in the Chancery doth appeare, To hold by the 4^ part of a knights fee. 
Which Sir Richard by his deed dated 1. October 5. et 6. Ph : & Ma?, vpon the 
maryage of Thomas his eldeft fonne with the daughter of Sir John Baker of 
the privy Counfell to Queene Mary, fetled the fame vpon his faid fonne and the 
heires of his body, with remainder to his owne heires : which Thomas created 
Lord Buckhurft after the death of his father, And after Earle of Dorfet by kinge 
James, did in Hillary Terme a° 13. Eliz. by his deed dated 3. ffeb?. and by fine 
then levied, fell the faid manor of Canonbury to Nicholas Thorpe Efc^, Witim 
Laverence gent, Wittm Beconfawe, Thomas Cole, Thomas Pleydell, Richard 
Tilladam, and Nicholas Webbe, and their heires, who alfo therby agreed amongft 
themfelves how much and what parts of the faid Manor each of them fhould have 
in feveralty, And the vfe of the faid ffine, for fuch parts as each of them was to 
have, declared by Indentures to bee to them and their feverall heires in perticulers 
by deed 3 ffebr. p\T. And by another deed feptempartite the i6 ,h of the faid ffebr 
the forefaid feaven purchafors agreed how much of the tenth or rent of — 47 s 5 d 
referved to the Crowne vpon the faid L?es patents, fhould bee paid by each of 
them and their heires, at Michas only, vz. Nicholas Thorpe to pay therof — 4* 
Wittm Laverence- 1 6' Richard Beconfawe- 12* 5 d . Thomas Pleydell- 12"! Richard 
Tilladam — 4* Nicholas Webb — 6' 6 d and Thomas Cole — 4! to bee paid at the 
houfe of the faid Wittm Laverence in Berkeley called Canbury ; who was alwaies 
after to fee the fame paid to the Crowne at his perill and charges. Towards which 
they all further agreed, That Nicholas Thorpe fhould pay — 6 d Richard Beconfawe 
— 6 d Richard Tilladam— 6 d Nicholas Webb— 6'! And Thomas Cole— 6 d With 

a diftres 



Canon ourp 145 

a diftres by Wittm Laverence and his hcires if not paid : And with a Covenant 
from Wittm Laverence to pay the faid tenth, and to fave each of them harmles 
therfrom : And the faid Richard Beconfawe, afterwards, by his deed dated 
fold his parts, vz. Sextons mills to Wittm Machin father of John, father of Thomas 
ftill owner therof ; And a meffuage and 40. acres therto belonginge neere therunto 
to Giles Harvey, whofe fonne fold the fame to Lawrance Bridger clerke, 

father by his third wife to Jofeph Bridger, that nowe holdeth the fame. And to the 
lord Henry Berkeley fold the Leet and Court baron with certaine cheife rents &c. 
as before. And in the ioynt deed made to them three | by Richard Beconfawe *4° 
agreed, That Wittm Machin fhould of his 12 s 5"? pay-vj? Giles Harvey-4! \ A . and 
the lord Berkeley — 2* 4I Accordinge Beconfawe levied a fine to them three And 
they three releafed mutually each to other. 

Howbeit, accordinge to the fhuflings of thofe times, the 23* of Auguft a°4. E. 6. 
aforefaid, An exchange of this manor (inter alia) was made betweene the faid Earle 
and the kinge, wherby the kinge had this manor from the faid Earle ; And the 
Earle and Jone his wife had againe this manor to them and the heires of the 
faid Earle, To hold as is aforefaid : Whervpon, for inequality or other miftake in 
this exchange, A title by the profecucbn of one Tipper (a great factor in conceal- 
ments) was pretended by Oueene Elizabeth, and thervpon for quietinge therof in 
confideracon of — iSS 1 !' 9/! 8 d . A new tres patents obtained from her vnder the great 
feale dated 21° ffebr. a° 45° regni fui, to George Thorpe fonne of the faid Nicholas, 
John Denys Efq^ named by the lord Henry Berkeley, Thomas Cole aforefaid, 
Richard Webbe fonne of the faid Nicholas, John Machin, Lawrance Wilfhire, and 
Robert Webb, and their heires, Rendringe per ann-47 s $ d . beinge the aforementioned 
tenth : Who fhortly after accordinge to the truft in them repofed granted to each 
freeholder and leffee the like eftates which they formerly had, raifinge the faid 
money by an equall proportion vpon the faid land and eftates, wherwith I was 
well acquainted. 

figure is to bee read in theis Records ; 

Originalls. 4. E. 6. ps. 5'? Rot. 46. Glouc. in Sc a cio. Rex alienavit Manerium 
de Canonbury Rico Sackvile et Winefride vxori eius et herect ipus Rici. 

Trin Records, 13. Eliz. in Sc a cio cm Rein Thefauf. Rot 44. et 47. are large 
pleadings for this manor of Canonbury, wherin many of the former 
alienacons doe appeare. 

3Cno 

U V'Ol . Ill 



146 ^unbtxo of 55ccfericp 

3tnb for the ffreeholders holdinge of this manor, I have rather chofen to men- 
tion them in the defcription of the townfhips wherin the lands they hold doe lye. 
As in Alkington. fol : 41. 43. And in Cowley, fol : 160. 161. | 



149 dinger. 

dinger: Anciently written Cleihunger : Is an hamblet within the Chaplery of 
Stinchcombe and parifh of Came ; whereof read more before in Beoly fol : 75, And 
in Stinchcombe . fol : 343. et 345. 

By Inq : 1. E. 1. it is found, That halfe a yard land which Wittm Mauduit 
(who was hanged for felony) held in Cheihunger, had byn a yeare and a day in the 
kings hands, And was held of the Abbot of Sf Peter of Glouc. | 

150 blank 

i 5 i Combe. 

<Tombc ats Wottons Combe, ats Combe iuxta Wotton ; Is an hamblet or village 
within the parifh of Wotton, And one of thofe five wherof the manor of Wotton 
fforren is compounded, wherof read more at large in Wotton ats Wotton vnder edge. 

Cf)i$ hamblet by a kinde of excellency hath its name from the fcituation therof 
in a bottome betweene two remarkeable Combes or hills almoft inclofing it : ffor 
though the words Combe and Conipc in the Saxon tongue fignify a feild or Campe 
for an Army to abide or foiourne in, as fomwhat declyned from the latine Campus?. 
yet this Combe wherof I heere write is not from thence but from the Hills declin- 
inge as abovefaid. 

jfrccljolo^ within the hamblet of Combe. 

Birds land, late t)CCrc is one moft ancient and remarkeable freehold which doubtles foe was 

Bridges. before t h e t ; me f William the Conqueror, as by a Deed remaininge in the 
poffeffion of that ancient gent Anthony Kingfcote of Kingefcote, which I have 
read, appeares ; of later time (not nowc) reputed a manor ; The moft part wherof 
is nowe the inheritance of Giles Bird gent, which hee the laft yeare, a° 1638. pur- 
chafed 



€oni6c 147 

chafed of John Bridges fonne of Richard, and of Henry fonne and heire of John ; 
wherof the lord Robert fonne of Hardinge (often before mentioned) in the begin- 
ninge of the raigne of kinge Henry the fecond enfeoffed Elias his brother and his 
heires, by the name of vnam hidam terrae de Combe, illam quam ego emi de 
Mahihele filio Anfgeri de Combe, vz, one hide of land which I purchafed of 
Mahihell the fonne of Anfger of Combe ; To hold of the faid Robert and his 
heires by the fifth part of one knights fee : To which deed remaininge in the caftle 
of Berkeley theis are witneffes, vz, The lady Eva wife of the faid lord Robert, and 
Maurice, Nicholas, and Robert his three fonnes, Otho filius Willi, Nigellus filius 
Arthuri, Rogerus et Hardingus de Stintefcombe, Wittus filius Bernardi, Ricus 
filius Hardingi de Covely, Radus de Draycote, &c. 

ffrom which Elias the feoffee the faid land difcended to Wittm his fonne, who 
had iffue Wittm, whofe wardfhip was in the 17* yeare of kinge H. 3. controverted 
betweene Thomas then lord Berkeley, fonne of Maurice, fonne of the faid Robert, 
And the Abbot of Kingfwood ; which William fonne of William, called Wittus 
Camerarius, or Wittm the Chamberlaine, afterwards granted the fame to another 
William fonne of another Elias, Refervinge a rent to the cheife Lord of — 1 3f 4 d . 
yearly, which is paid to this day. 1639. 

By a Deed without date, Wittus Camerarius dedit Abbati de Kingefwood &c. 
affenfu et voluntate et petitione Willi filij Eliae liberi hominis fui, annuu redditu 
vnius marci argenti, et omnia fervicia eiufdem Witti filij Eliae et heredum fuorum, 
quae fibi vel heredibus eius facere debebant, de feodo quod de fe tenuerunt in villa 
de Coombe, et totam dominationem fua et totum ius fuu, quod in ipo Witto et herecf 
fuis et feudo fuo habuit. | whervpon the faid Wittus fit Eliae did his homage to the 152 
faid Abbot, faith this Deed, wherto 2 1 are witneffes : which feemes to have occa- 
fioned the former fuite : But howe the faid 13' 4 d . came backe to bee paid (as this 
day it is and longe hath byn,) to the heire of the lord Robert the firft feoffer, I 
knowe not yet. A deed in the box of Kingfwood fent mee by M* Hale from 
London. 

In the beginninge of the raigne of kinge Edward the third it was the land of 
Walter de Combe, and towards the middle of that kings time it fell vpon Jone de 
Combe daughter and heire (as I conceive) of the faid Walter, who was maried to 
Berley, who in 2. R. 2. fold the fame to Lawrance Jewet, who in 12. H. 4. granted 
the fame to Robert Longe and Margaret his wife, daughter of him the faid 

Lawrance 

u 2 



148 J^unDrco of 53crhclcp 

Lawrance Jewet, and to the heires of their two bodies, who had iffue Henry Longe 
who dyed in 6. H. 7. without iffue, And Thomas Longe fonne of John Longe 
brother of the faid Henry was his heire : which Thomas Longe, then knight, died 
in 24. H. 7. leavinge Sir Henry Longe of Draycote in Wiltfhire, who in 17. H. 8. 
fold the fame to ffrancis Butler Efq, ; which ffrancis in 32. H. 8. fold the fame to 
Thomas Davis of Michelhampton, who died in $7- H. 8. levinge iffue Giles Davis 
who died in and ffrancis Davis, who died in 5. et 6. Ph: et Mar. And two 

daughters, Elizabeth maried to John Poole, and Mary maried to Wittm Weltden : 
The faid Giles and ffrancis died without iffue, And the faid Wittm Weltden and 
Mary his wife, in the third yeare of Oueene Elizabeth fold their moity to John 
Bridges and his heires ; And the faid William Poole and Elizabeth his wife had 
iffue John Poole, which John in 7. Eliz. fold his other moity to the faid John 
Bridges and his heires, who died in the yeare of the faid Queene, leavinge 

iffue Richard Bridges, who died in 18. Jacobi, havinge fetled the fame vpon the faid 
John his fonne for life, and the inheritance in tayle vpon the faid Henry fonne and 
heire apparant of the faid John : Who aliened to Giles Bird, as is firft above 
mentioned. Michaell Bridges brother of the faid Henry holdeth in fee by his 
grant, A Cotage and garden ground, parcell of this hide, lately burned to the 
ground, nowe newly built againe. Alfo divers other parcells therof by way of Ex- 
changes are holden by 



Dangervills Maurice Lord Berkeley the third of that name by his deed in E. 2. (which 

lands, ^e lord Thomas his fonne and heire after in 3. E. 3. confirmed,) granted divers 
lands and tenements in Bradley and Combe, with the revertion of thofe other lands 
and tenem'. 5 which Alienor de Bradley holds for her life within the manor of Wotton, 
to Maurice Berkeley his fecond fonne and the heires males of his body, as before 
153 is written in the defcription of Bradley: | which meffuage and yard land in Combe is 
now the inheritance of Robert Webb of Sinwell by purchafe from John Bridges 
and Henry his fonne aforefaid ; whofe father Richard Bridges purchafed the fame 
of Thomas Graile of Huntingford, and hee of the lady Eliz : Berkeley of Bradley 
and Richard Berkeley of Stoke Efq^ ; and is called Dangerfeilds, holden of the 
manor of Wotton fforren by a Red rofe payable on Midfomer day : And is (as 
tradition tells) to bee on that morninge fet vpon a poft at a gate there : But the 
Deed is with falvo regali fervicio, which is knight fervice, et feclam ad Curia 
Hundredi de Berkeley de tribus in tres feptimaii. 

Co: 



Cotolcp 149 

Co : roll of Wotton fforren 19. Eliz. Edward Berkeley Efq^ died feifed of a 
meffuage and a yard land in Combe, holden per vna rofa rubeam, folventT ante 
exortu folis die natalis fci Jofeis baptiftse, Et pro def6lu folucois tunc diftringere 
pro — ij d 

More of this hamblet of Combe is to bee read in theis Records ; vz, 

Term Mictiis. 4. H. 3. Rot. 26. in banco. Nichus de la mare et Grecia 

vxor eius demaund againft Robert Cotele two carucates of land in 

Combe, in a longe plea in dower ; which Grecia was the widowe of 

Cotele, now remaryed to de la mare. 
Ptita in banco. Term Michis. 17. H. 3. Rot. 1. 
ffinis in banco, Term Michis. 8. H. 5. Inter Jofiem Priorem de Bath, de 

16. mefs et at terr in Combe et Wotton vnderedge. 
Inq : 6. H. 7. p' morte Henrici Longe. 
Carta irrotulat in banco, Term Michis. ^^. H. 8. Rot. 2. 
Inq : 38. H. 8. pt morte Thome Davis. 
Inq : 4. et 5. Ph : & Mar. pt morte ffr Davis, ps. 1. 
Original cm rein Thefaur in fccio. 4. et 5. Ph : & Mar. ps. 1. Rot. 28. 
ffinis in banco term pafch : 3. Eliz. Inter Johem Bridges et Wittm Weltden 

et at. 
Rot. finiii Term Trin 4. Eliz. Rot. 4. Glouc ; in fccio cm Rein Thefaur. 
Inq : 19 Jac : p' morte Rici Bridges. 
Rot. patent. 34. E. 1. in dorfo, Wittus filius Witti de Combe arrainavit affifa 

verfus Walteru de Combe et at de vno mefs vno molend 26. acf terre et 

prati in Hillefly, Alderly, Wotton, et Berkeley. 
See alfo in Simondfall. fol : 323. 

Inq : 15. Regis Caroli, pt morte Egidij Bird. 

Of Trayned foldiers vnder Thomas Veel Efq, their Captaine this hamblet of Souldiers. 
Combe with Symondfall, furnifheth | 

154 blank 

Coiplcy. 155 

CoiJOlcp : In Domefdei booke Couelege. A parifh and Manor wherof George 
Lord Berkeley is Lord, part of his Barony of Berkeley, and holden by knight 
fervice in Capite : The Demefnes whereof confifted of fower hides of land as 
Domefdei booke fheweth. 

In 



150 l?unbrco of 23crhclcp 

In this parifh are theis hamblets, wherby the habitacons of the inhabitants are 
more readily diftinguifhed, vz, Churchend, Pinelfend, Hulmancote, and 

This manor was (amongft others) given by kinge Henry the fecond in the firft 
yeare of his raigne to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his heires, vnder the 
words Berkelai et totam Berkelei herneffe manerium cum omnibus appendicijs fuis ; 
which Robert by that grant was alfo created a Baron and peere of the Realme, and 
had iffue Maurice, who had iffue Robert and Thomas ; Robert dyed without iffue, 
and Thomas had iffue Maurice, father of Thomas, father of Maurice, father of 
Thomas, father of Maurice, father of Thomas and of James ; which Thomas dyed 
without iffue male of his body ; And the faid James had iffue James, to whom this 
manor with the refidue of the Barony (formerly entayled vpon the heires males) 
difcended after the death of the lord Thomas his vncle ; which James the nephewe 
had iffue William created Marques Berkeley, Maurice and others ; William en- 
tayled this manor (amongft others) vpon kinge Henry the feaventh and the heires 
males of his body, and after dyed without iffue ; And the faid Maurice had iffue 
Maurice, and Thomas ; Maurice dyed without iffue, And the faid Thomas his 
brother had iffue Thomas, father of Henry, who in the firft of Queene Mary, 
entred vpon this manor, the iffue male of Henry the 7'. h beinge fpent in the death 
of kinge Edward the fixt ; and the faid Lord Henry had iffue Thomas, who dyed 
in the life of his father, leavinge iffue the faid George Lord Berkeley who is owner 
of this manor, a°. 1639. as abovefaid. ffor more pticularity of which difcent, times of 
each lords death, &c. fee before in fol : 7. et 78, and other places in this booke. 

Co this parifh of Cowley adioyneth the parifh of ffroucefter, an ancient parcell 
of the poffeffions of the Abbot of S' Peters in Glouc, whofe corne there growing 
was by ancient cuftome vfed to bee cut mowed and reaped by the lords tenants of 
this manor of Cowley, and of his other manor of Came, next alfo adioyninge ; ffor 
which fervice the faid Abbot by like cuftome was at his priory of Stanley (a Cell 
to this monaftery and neere adioyninge,) to feaft the baylies and tenants of the faid 
manors of Cowley and Came in Harveft time : The faid Abbot complaines to 
Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that name then lord of thofe manors, That 
to his great wronge and greife many came to that feaft fayninge themfelves tenants 
to that lord, fervants and Bailies of thofe his manors, when they were not : wher- 
vpon in 32. E. 1. it was agreed, That in lieu of the faid feaft, every Reeve and 
bayly of the faid manors fhould thenceforth have — 4*?, And every reaper — 3*!, 
and every gather and binder — 2* And every raker of the faid corne — i* oh, in lieu 

of 



Cotolcp 1 5 1 

of their feaft, which order held till the | diffolucon of that Monaftery in the time of 156 
kinge H. 8. or neere therto. 

3'n 6. E. 1. was an agreement by deed indented betweene the forefaid Thomas 
lord Berkeley and the faid Abbot of S' Peters, for intercominge betweene their 
tenants of Cowley and ffroucefter, and for inclofinge part of the feilds of thofe 
manors ; which holds to this day. 

The kinge is patron of the Vicarage and prefenteth : The Rectory and appro- Church, 
priacon is the inheritance of John Browninge, by a purchafe therof made by John 
his father in November, 7? Jacobi, from Morris and Phillips, who had the fame 
(inter alia) from the faid kinge by his Lfes patents dated the 7 th of September 
before, in ffee farme, at i5 IL yearly rent; which rent alfo in the 18 th yeare of the 
faid kinge, hee granted away by like tres patents to Whittacre and Price and their 
heires, who fhortly after fold the fame to the faid John Browninge the father ; 
which rectory or appropriacon was after the diffolucon of the monaftery of S' Peters 
in Glouc (to which it anciently belonged,) granted to Sir Anthony Kingfton and 
his heires, And from him it came againe to the Crowne ; It is holden nowe of the 
kinge as of the manor of Eaft Greenwich in free and comon foccage by fealty only. 

The which Church was dedicated to S' Bartholomew the tutelary faint therof, 
On whofe feaft day yet continueth fuch concourfe and refort of people That it hath 
the name of Cowley ffaire day, wheron moft kindes of country wares are brought 
and fold in boothes and (landings purpofely fet vp : But by noe grant or Charter 
from the Crowne or otherwife then the intertainment of the faid John Browninge 
and his Anceftors, and fome other of the inhabitants, both on that day, and on the 
Sunday after called Cowley ffeaft or Wake day : which even now begins, both in 
faire and hofpitallity, to diminifh and growe fickely. 

<Of this parifh it may bee faid, as before I have written of Came, That if it 
were inclofed round from all other fociety and comerce of men, it would abundantly 
fuffice for the fuftentacon and well beinge of the inhabitants, without fupply from 
other places that the minde of man could neceffarily defire. 

The durty ftreetes wherof feeme recompenced in part with the hills encompaff- 
inge the Eafterne part of this parifh : The moft eminent wherof is called Cowley 
pike ; where to behold younge men and maids afcendinge and difcendinge and 

boies 



152 



^unbred of 2£>crhtfep 



boies tumblinge downe, efpecially on Comunion daies in the afternoones what times 
the refort is greateft, bringeth noe fmall delight to many of the elder fort alfo 
delightinge therin. 

Marie poole ficmarftcaMc is a marie poole in the feild of this parifh called South worthy, 

by the naturall contract of the inhabitants Suckerdy : A durable remembrancer of 
the old hufbandry heere vfed (as in all the parifhes adioyninge,) for betteringe 
of their arrable lands, wholly neglected fince the times of kinge Henry the fixt | 
157 and kinge Edward the fourth, when not only the civill warres betweene the two 
houfes of Yorke and Lancafter, but the daily inroades and incurfions of the 
two cozen germane families of Berkeley and Lifle, the one refidinge at Berkeley 
Caftle the other at Wotton vnderedge, which they made by night and day the one 
vpon the other and their poore tenants, almoft to the deftruction of this and other 
manors wherto their mutuall titles were pretended, wherof this of Cowley was one ; 
And not yet neither in this nor any of the reft of the parifhes or manors within this 
hundred brought into vfe againe : One mayne caufe alfo why foe much is nowe in- 
clofed and converted from tillage into pafture ; Of which marie and marlinge of 
grounds read before in Alkington. fol. 34. A poole nowe only vfefull for the infinite 
numbers of horfeleeches it yearly produceth ; phifitions for the wholl country to 
evacuate over aboundinge repletions, from hence fetched in great abundance. 



Springs. Ctjroilgf) this Towne and parifh runne two pleafant ftreames arifing from the 

foote of the former hills, firft fhewinge themfelves not many yards afunder; The one 
holdinge it's race through the hart of the Towne, clofe to the church yard and by 
the threfhold of each good hufwife, keepinge therby her pultry from the pipp ; The 
other watringe moft of their old and newe inclofures and pafture grounds ; wherin 
after fuch time as it hath met with the like ftreame from Came, or draweth neere 
thereto, are often found certaine ftones refemblinge cockles periwinkles, oyfters 
and the like, of much curiofity and delight to looke vpon and to confider of; which 
I rather thinke to bee the gamefull fports of nature, then with ffracaftorius the great 
philofopher of this age to have byn fomtimes livinge creatures ingendred in the 
Sea, and by the waters caft vp in this and the like places, and foe to bee fhell fifhes 
ftonified. 

ffifteene. £I)C payment of the ffiftcene or kingefilver when it is granted by parliament, is, 

in the Onus or charge in the Exchequer in this parifh — : *fi 14 s 6* 1 The deduction 
is — 22* The remainder paid into the Exchequer by the Collector thereof, is — 



4 1 ! 2? 6 d I he I 






*Jn 



tfotolcp 153 

3(n the laft Subfedy in a? 5'.° Caroli were 18. fubfedy men, who paid — a 1 !- 4* Subfedy. 

<£>f able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares of age, in 6'.° Regis Able men. 
Jacobi, which appeared at a generall mufter then taken, were — 102. And now of Soldi e rs - 
trayned Souldiers vnder Captaine Wittm Thorpe, are — 22. vz, 1 corflets and 13. 
mufketts. 

5Cnb if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley, accompted a 4^ part of the county of 
Glouc, bee rated in any taxe for the kinge or comon wealth at — ioo 1 !-, then this 
hundred of Berkeley paies therof — i$ x : 3!, And this parifh or manor of Cowley — 
50 s , And foe after that rate. | 

3frfrf)0ftJCrg within this parifh and Manor of Cowley, vz. r 58 

JDCfrC is one very ancient freehold more remarkeable then the reft, heertofore c ° w leis land of 

old. late Warres. 
reputed a manor, holden of the manor of Berkeley by the ffifth part of one knights 

fee, fute to the hundred Court of Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes, and 
by the yearly rent of 20I ; which in the time of kinge Henry the fecond was the 
land of Dns Ricus de Cowley films Hardingi, whofe fonne Simon and himfelfe are 
witneffes to that Deed which the lord Robert the fonne of Hardinge in the time of 
kinge Henry the fecond made to Elias his brother, of the hide of land in Combe 
formerly mentioned fol: 151. And in the time of R. 1. the land of another Richard 
de Cowley, and foe alfo in the time of H. 3. of Richard de Cowley and of Mawd his 
wife ; And in 18. E. 1. of Robert de Cowley of Cowley, father of John Cowley of 
Cowley, who by Ellena his wife daughter and heire of had iffue 

Robert; which John died in 19. E. 1. as an Inquificon after his death fheweth. 
Which Robert fonne of John, had iffue John who died in 7. H. 5, leavinge iffue 
John who had iffue 3. daughters, Elizabeth, Alice, and maried to Baffet 

whofe iffue I have not obferved ; And the faid Alice was maryed to Walter Wood- 
ward who died without iffue ; And the faid Elizabeth was maried to John Davis, 
who had iffue John Davis, who died in 27. H. 8. as his office or Inquifition found 
after his death fheweth ; And by Jone his fecond wife left iffue Nicholas who after 
dyed without iffue, And Auguftine Davis who died in 3. E. 6, beinge father of 
Anne borne after the death of her father, who died in 2° Jacobi, havinge byn firft 
maryed to Thomas Saintbarbe of Lacocke in Wiltfhire, who died in 33. Eliz : and 
after remaried to Thomas Baynard who died in 1° Jacobi, by whom fhee had noe 
iffue; But by her firft hufband Thomas Saintbarbe, fhee had iffue Elizabeth maryed to 
Richard Warre; And after fhee died in the i4'. h of kinge James, leavinge iffue Roger 

Warre, 
x VOL. Ill 



154 J^unbrcD of 23crhricp 

Warre, who with his faid father Richard Warre in the 6. and 7* yeares of kinge 
Charles aliened in fee fuch of theis lands to John Browninge, Richard Yerworth, 
Richard Walkeley, John Hardinge, and William Pegler, and their heires, as remained 
till that time vnfold : Of which lands alfo Thomas ffrench of Ewley hath 
Efiington. And alfo of theis lands Thomas Effington of 

Cowley, fonne of Thomas fonne of John, hath a meffuage and 34. acres in Cowley, 
which the faid John purchafed of Thomas Davis fecond fonne of that John Davis 
who is before mentioned to dye in 27. H. 8, to whom his faid father gave the fame, 
as his faid office of that yeare fheweth. And alfo (as by a fine in the coriion pleas 
in 25. H. 3. appeares,) the Prior and covent of Lanthony by Glouc, purchafed of 
the forementioned Richard de Cowley, and of Mawd his wife, two carucates of this 
land in Cowley in lieu of Covent ale bread money and clothes for their lives ; which 
againe the fucceffors of the pryor and Covent in 25. E. 3. fold to Thomas then lord 
159 Berkeley for the Rectory of Awre | which they had from him ; Which land is nowe 
at this day held by Copy of Court roll accordinge to the cuftome of the manor 
of Cowley by John Browninge and Richard Partridge, retaininge ftill the name of 
Canons Court or Can-court. 

<£)f which little manor fomethinge more may bee obferved out of theis 
records ; vz, 

Inq : 19. E. 2. p! morte Joriis de Cowley. — p ferviciu militare. 

Inq: 37. E. 3. de feodis Manij de Berkeley in term Mictiis in ligula brevium 

in 38. E. 3. — per fervicium militare. 
Inq: 27. H. 8. p' mortem Johis Davis. 

Inq : 33. Eliz: Regine, p\ morte Thome Saint barbe in Coin Wilt. 
Inq : 14. Jacobi, p l morte Eliz. Warre in coin Wilt. 
Compus Johis Hampton Efcaetor. 19. E. 2. cm Rein Rf, in baga, — per 

fervicium militare. 
Hat de Cowley 33. Eliz. et 14. Jac. pt morte Saint barbe et , 

— per ferviciu mit. 
Inq : 16 Caroli p! morte Rid Walkeley p\T. — per ferviciu mit. 

Hardings land, J!)CCrC alfo is one other ancient meffuage with two yard land and an halfe 

ats w arincrs. t ] ierto belonginge, of old accompted half an hide of land, now the inheritance of 
John Hardinge, fonne of Maurice who died , fonne of John who died in 

9. Eliz., fonne of Witim Hardinge who died in 36. H. 8., havinge in 
purchafed the fame of John Wariner ats Warner, fonne of Wittm who died 

fonne 






Cotolcp 155 

fonne of Thomas who died , fonne of Robert Warmer who died in 23. 

E. 4, who was fonne of Wariner, fonne of John Wariner, fonne of William 

Wariner, fonne of Robert Wariner, (who in 6. E. 2. purchafed other lands in Cowley 
of Thomas lord Berkeley vnder the yearly rent of — 2?); Which meffuage and 2. yard 
land and an halfe are holden of this manor of Cowley by knight fervice, fute to the 
hundred court of Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes, heriot fervice, And 
by the yearly rent of — 22 s . and a pound of comyn. 

3Cnb for theis lands and for the further pedegree of this John Hardinge, See 
before in Came fol : 1 28. 

See alfo the Will of Wittm Hardinge, And 2. Inquifitions after his death in 
36. et 37. H. 8. 

See alfo the Co : roll of Cowley in 4. H. 8. p^ morte Alienorae nup vxof Johis 
Madocke, et quondam vxor Thome Warner. — good. 

See alfo the Co: roll of Cowley, 2. R. 3. And, 9. Eliz: very good ; per fervicium 
militare, et heriet. | 

IpCCrc alfo is one other ffreehold now the inheritance of Richard Davis and of 160 
Richard Partridge, coiiionly called Muddenfall, containing 18. acres or therabouts, ^fa ^' 
holden of this manor of Cowley by knight fervice, fute to the hundred court of 
Berkeley from 3. weekf to 3. weekf , and by the yearly rent of — 10' ; which Maurice 
lord Berkeley the fecond of that name, in the later end of the raigne of kinge H. 3, 
gave to William Atte wood and to Mabill his wife and to the heires of their bodies, 
To hold as aforefaid ; which after many difcents in that name of Atte wood, and 
Atwood (a name agreeable to the fcite of the land,) came to the two daughters 
and coheires of Thomas Atwood, vz, Julian maried to John Davis, who had iffue 
betweene them George Davis who died in 7? Eliz:, father of John Davis who died 
44. Eliz : father of the faid Richard Davis that nowe is, holding one moity in 
feveralty, and as I fuppofe the eftate taile therof not difcontinued ; The other 
daughter and coheire of Thomas Atwood, was maried to John Selewine, who had 
iffue Richard Selewine who died 16. Eliz:, father of John who died 17° Eliz : from 
whom it came to Richard by , who in 29 Eliz : fold the fame to 

Thomas Trotman of Durefly who died in 4. Jac. and leaft it to Nicholas Trotman 
his fecond fonne, who in Caroli Rf fold the fame to Richard Partridge 

aforefaid 

x 2 



■56 



j^undrctj of 23crhricp 

aforefaid and his heires, who betweene them pay the faid rent of — 10 s And doe the 
other fervices. And alfo the faid Thomas Trotman left to the faid Nicholas his 
fonne a meffuage and 1 1. acres of land in Cowley which hee in 3. Jacobi purchafed 
of Richard Bridges. — Rent— 2*! 



Twinens land tyCfXC alfo is one meffuage with a yard land therto belonginge containinge 

nowe Ellingtons, about 40. acres, the inheritance of Roger Effington of Cowley, and others as 
Piftors ats Bakers, followeth, holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Canonbury, by 
knight fervice, fute of Court, heriot fervice, and the yearly rent of — 20 s ; Which 
Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that name, in the time of kinge H. 3. gave to 
Hugh Piftor (his baker) and his heires, vnder the faid rent of — 20? for all fervices, 
Salvo regali fervicio quantum ptinet ad vnam virgatam terrae in villa de Cowley, as 
by the originall Deed which I have read appeares : The pofterity of which Hugh 
the Baker held the fame in lineall difcent till about 38. E. 3. when this land came 
into the Sirname of Atte fourde, foe called accordinge to the manner of thofe times, 
from the fourd or paffage over the water runninge by the faid meffuage, continuinge 
in that lyne and name till Richard fonne and heire of John ffourd in 21. Eliz : 
left it by difcent to Edithe his only daughter and heire maried to John Twinen. 
whofe fonne and heire Robert Twinen, by deed dated 20. Augufti. A? 14° Rf 
Jacobi, fold the faid meffuage and 17. acres therof to the faid Roger Effington, 
who paieth — n'of the faid — 20? foe apportioned in the faid Deed of purchafe ; 
And William Effington, brother and heire of John, fonnes of Robert Effington for 
161 another part thereof | payeth — viij s . of the faid — 20! And Giles Browne for another 
part therof payeth — xij 1 ! which is the full 20 s . ffor this land fee the Co : roll 19. et 
20. E. 3. when an oxe price — 12* was paid for an heriot. To which effect alfo are 
2. court rolls in 23. E. 3. et 6. et 29. H. 6. and others, as fpetially the Court Roll 
of Canonbury 22 Eliz. when the old deeds were produced by the faid Edith. Soe 
a cleere tenure as abovefaid. 



Wilkens land 
late Macies 
and others. 



tytctc alfo is one meffuage and one yard land therto belonginge lyinge in the 
hamblet called Hulmancote, which the faid Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that 
name in the time of kinge H. 3. granted alfo to the faid Hugh Piftor ats Baker and 
his heires, nowe the inheritance of John Browninge and others as after followeth; 
1 olden of George Lord Berkeley as of his manor of Canonbury by knight fervice, 
fute of Court, heriot fervice, and the yearly rent of — 20 s : wherof 10* is paid for two 
quarters of wheat, as the originall deed which I have read fheweth. This meffuage 
and land had like continuance in the pofterity of the faid Hugh the Baker, till about 

the 






Cotolcp 157 

the faid 38. yeare of kinge E. 3. when it came (I thinke by mariage of one of 
Hughes heires, as the other yard land alfo I fuppofe did,) into the Sirname 
of Wilkens, continuinge in that name till the end of the raigne of kinge E. 4. when 
Thomas Wilkens fonne and heire of John Wilkens, fonne and heire of Wittm 
Wilkens, who died in 11. H. 6. leaft it to Jone his daughter and heire, after maryed 
to Richard Millard, who had iffue Thomas Millard who died , leavinge 

iffue William Millard who in the beginninge of kinge James fold part therof to 
Ewd. Trotman th'elder of Came who died in 9. Rf Caroli, which, Edward Trotman 
of the Inner temple his fonne and heire, not longe after fold to William Effington of 
Cowley that nowe is, who payeth of the faid rent of 20* the fome of — 5? 4^ And 
another part was by the faid William Millard fold to John Browninge th'elder of 
Cowley who died in 4. Rf Caroli, and John is his fonne and heire that nowe holdeth 
the fame, and paieth — 20^ of the faid rent of, 20' An other part is the inheritance 
of Thomas Came of Cowley, who payeth — 2? pcell of the faid rent of — 20 s An 
other part is the inheritance of Richard Andrewes, which hee lately purchafed of 
Richard fonne and heire of James Elland of ffrocefter, and hee of William Millard 
aforefaid, who payeth — 12I parcell of the faid rent of — 20' Another part is nowe 
the inheritance of John Browninge, fonne of the faid John Browninge th'elder 
aforefaid, which hee purchafed of Vrfula wife of Wittm Tyndall, Anne wife of 
John Waftfeild, and of Debora wife of Reftall, the three fifters and Coheires of John 
Macy, fonne and heire of James Macy who purchafed the fame of the faid William 
Millard, and payeth 10 s . rent, the refidue of the faid — 20 s And Edward ffrape hath 

of this land, but payeth noe part of the cheife rent. 

ffor this land fee the Co: rolls in 11. et 14. H. 6. and 18. et 24. et 26. H. 6. 
And 41. et 38. E. 3. And 23. E. 4. And a Rentall 14. E. 4, which are moft full 
and pregnant, with others, and make a cleere tenure, as abovefaid. See alfo the 
Inq : 4. Rf Caroli found after the death of the abovenamed John Browninge. | 

JSJCCrc alfo is a meffuage and a yard land containinge about 30. acres of land jfa 
therto belonginge, wherof William Docket fonne of Richard fonne of John, died Docketts land. 
feized in fee firnple in the third yeare of kinge James, whofe fifters and heires to 
whom the faid land then difcended were, Alice maried to Robert Coxe, Elizabeth 
maried to Richard Carfwell, Jone maried to John Warner, Margery maried to 
Henry Bowen, Edith fharied to Henry Bicke, Katherine maried to Richard 
Millard, Agnes maried to John Culverhoufe, and Margaret maried to John ffreame, 
who dyinge before her brother William Docket, left two daughters, Katherine 

ffreame 



158 ©unbrco of 25crferlcp 

ffreame and Vrfula ffreame, then maried to Thomas Bicke ; And vpon partition 
betweene them by Deed indented of nyne parts, dated 22. Maij. A° 7. Regis Jacobi 
(drawne by my felfe,) Theis lands in Cowley were allotted to the faid Robert Coxe 
and Alice his wife, and to John Warner and Jone his wife, and to Henry Bowen 
and Margery his wife, and to Henry Bicke and Edith his wife ; And other lands 
in Teinton in the fforreft of Deane were allotted to the other co-heires and their 
hufbands by the fame Deed indented, in lieu of theis ; Since which time the faid 
Alice by the faid Robert Cox her hufband had iffue Rofe, maried to a fonne of the 
faid Robert Cox by a former wife, who hath had her part : Jone wife of John 
Warner (till keepeth her part ; Margery wife of Henry Bowen is dead without 
iffue, And her part is difcended in Coparcinery ; And Henry Bicke and Edith his 
wife have fold her part to fflower of Stonehoufe. A° 1636. 

This land was parcell of the poffeffions of the Monaftery of S! Peter in Glouc, 
and cominge to kinge Henry the 8'! 1 by the diffolution therof in the 31^ of his 
raigne, was by him granted in the of his raigne to Sir Anthony Kingfton 

knight and his heires, who in 3. E. 6. granted the fame to John Sanford and his 
heires, who in the firft of Qu : Mary granted the fame to the faid Richard Docket 
abovementioned and his heires ; By whofe death in 28. Eliz: the fame difcended to 
the faid Withn his fonne, And from him to his faid fillers, and heires, who made 
pticon as abovefaid ; And is holden of the Crowne by knight fervice in Capite, by 
the ioo' h part of a knights fee : See Pafch : fines 29. Eliz: Rot. 8. in Sccio. 

Effingtons land $}CCZ£ alfo in this parifh of Cowley, and in Came, are a meffuage, a -mill, and 

and others late <]j vers ] an j s therto belonginge, fomtime parcell of the poffeffions of the monaftery 
of S! Peter in Glouc, holden of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, late the 
inheritance of Roger Redinge of H aimer in Came, from whom, by his death in 
31. Eliz. they difcended to his three daughters and coheires, viz', Elizabeth maried 
to John Effington, Margery maried to Thomas Effington, who have left iffue 
Thomas Effington, And Katherine maried to George Pegler ; Which Margery 
was fomtimes the wife of Anthony Watkins ; And nowe a° 1639. the inheritance 
of Thomas Effington called of Halmers mill, which hee had from John Effington 
163 his kinfman ; Which Roger Redinge about 1. Mariae reginse new built the | fullinge 
mill, and grift mill. Of which lands fee more in Triii Rec 31. Eliz: Rot. 69. in 
fccio cm Rem Thefaur. And in Memoranu* ftfij in Termino Pafch: 27. Eliz: Regine. 
And with the Auditor eifdc terni et a° And in 4. libr fcedut fol : 319. in Cur wardo^. 
And was by kinge H. 8. the [ i lh day of June in the ^y l] . of his raigne granted in fee 

to 



Cotolcp 1 59 

to Wittm Romefden and Edward Hoppy, And which they the daye after by their 
deed dated 12. Junij. 37. H. 8. p\T granted to John Efhngton in fee, by the name 
of a watermill in Cowley in the parifh of ffrocefter : Inrolled coram Wiito Berners ; 
Auditor Dili Regis cur Augiii. 37. H. 8. 

3£I$0 in this parifh of Cowley is an ancient meffuage with divers lands therto Hulmancote. 
belonginge, called Hulmancote, (quafi Hill-mans-cote,) agreeable to the fcituacon, 
now the inheritance of Richard Millard fonne and heire of John Millard who pur- 
chafed the fame of the patentees of Qu: Eliz: a° 33 rni fui, and after died in 5. Jac: 
And was anciently belonginge to the Chantry of S! Katherine in Cambridge in the 
parifli of Slimbridge ; Out of which meffuage and lands is paid to George lord 
Berkeley the yearly rent of — 8* And — 2 s more, for liberty to inclofe a moore 
containinge 4. acres, neere to the land of the faid Chantry of Cambridge. 

3CI.B0 in this parifh of Cowley are divers lands and tenements containing about Partridge lands : 
16. acres, now the inheritance of Richard Partridge, who in a° 2 Rf Caroli, pur- jj m Hurds 
chafed the fame of Nicholas Trotman, a yonger fonne of Thomas Trotman, to 
whom the faid Thomas at his death in Jacobi left the fame in fee, who did in 

43. Eliz. purchafe the fame of Richard Bridges and Richard Rawlyns ats Compton; 
which Richard Bridges was brother and heire of Alice the wife of Edward Cotting- 
ton ; And the faid Richard Rawlyns ats Compton was fonne and heire of Margery 
wife of Thomas Cooke, and before the wife of Thomas Rawlyns ats Compton, 
daughter and heire of John Woolworth ats Webbe, brother and heire of Chriftopher 
Woolworth ats Webbe, and were purchafed by Woolworth ats Webbe of 

Robert Hurd and Alice his wife, fifter and heire of Thomas Woodward fonne 
of John. 

55p an Inquificon in 24. Eliz. Edward Woolworth ats Webbe is found to dye 
feifed (inter alia) of a meffuage and 16. acres of land in Cowley, holden of William 
Clavild as of his manor of Ewley in Soccage, limitted in taile to Chriftopher and 
Wittm Woolworth ats Webbe, the Remainder to his owne right heires ; And that 
Margery the wife of Thomas Rawlyns ats Compton, is his grandchilde and heire, 
vz, daughter of John Woolworth fonne of the faid Edward. This land re vera, is 
holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Cowley, by 2 d . cheife rent, 
whither the faid Richard Partridge doth his fervice, And out of the fame, as a rent 
fecke, payeth — 10? p anfi to Thomas Pointz in right of Eliz : his wife the widowe 
of the faid William Clavild : whereof read more in my defcription of Benecombe. 
fol : 73. I 

3In 



i6o 

164 

Bramwich land, 

late Codringtons. 

olim Telle. 



^itnoreb of 2?nrftricp 

^flt this parifh alfo is a Cottage and an orchard, and 24. acres of land meadowe 
and pafture in the tenure of Roger Efhngton for many yeares to come, the inheri- 
tance of Ifaack Bromwich Efq^, holden of George lord Berkeley as of his hundred 
or manor of Berkeley by fuite to the faid hundred Court from three weekes to 
3. weekf, And by the yearly rent of — 27* 



This was fomtime the land of John Clifford, father of Alice maried to William 
Tefte, who lived in the time of kinge Henry the fixth, father of Lawrence Tefte 
who died in 23. H. 7. father of John Tefte who died the fame yeare without iffue, 
And of Giles Tefte clerke, who died in 34. H. 8. without iffue alfo ; And of Grace, 
Margaret, and Mary Tefte, which Grace and Margaret had noe part of this land, 
But it wholly came to the faid Mary, who was maryed to ffrancis Codrington Efq^, 
who died in 4. Mar; And they had iffue Giles Codrington who died in 23. Eliz., 
levinge iffue ffrancis Codrington who died in 24. Eliz., leavinge iffue Margaret his 
fole daughter and heire maryed to Edward Bromwich of fframpton vpon Severne 
Efq>, who had iffue the faid Ifaack that nowe is, 1639. See in Slimbridge. 
fol: 329. 330. 



Corietts land of 

old ; nowe Lord 

Berkeleys. 



See more heerof in theis records, vz, 

Inq : in 34. H. 8. p' morte Egidij Tefte. 

Inq : 2. H. 8. pt morte Laurencij Tefte. 

Inq : 4. & 5. Ph: & Mar. p l . morte ffranc Codrington. 

Inq : 23. Eliz. pt morte Egidij Codrington. 

Inq: 24. Eliz. p' morte ffrancifci Codrington. 

Rot. pardon. 11. E. 4. p Lawrenc Tefte. 

25p an Inq : 19. E. 2. Wittm Coriet is found to dye feized of a meffuage and 
41. acres of land in Cowley, holden of the Caftle of Berkeley in Capite, by homage, 
and by the yearly rent of — 7? viij^ And to Henry de Came — 12* 4?, And that 
Walter was his fonne and heire 30. yeares old : which 12 s 4 d . is at this day paid by 
Roger Effington out of a copihold hee holdeth of the lord Berkeley in this manor ; 
which fhewes either that this land efcheated, or that it was purchafed by the Lord 
of the manor with that charge on it. 



ffor other lands in this parifh of Cowley which were heertofore pcell of the 
manor of Dreycote, nowe in the tenure of John Browninge, William Sage, and 
others; See after in Dreycote fol : 173. | 

<Crom{jaIl. 



tfrompU 1 6 1 

Cromfyctll. 165 

CromtjaH : ats Cromhale; In Domefdei booke in the Exchequer written 
Cromale. A Manor and parifh longe fince parted into two ; The one called 
Cromhall Abbots from the longe poffeffion of the Abbot of S' Auguftines by 
.Briftoll, To whom the lord Robert fonne of Hardinge vpon the firft foundinge 
therof (amongft many other mano rs and lands,) gave the fame, As before is written 
fol : 47. 64. 65. which I will not againe repeate : And to this day is part of the 
poffeffions of the Bifhopricke of Briftoll, of new erected by kinge H. 8. in the 34*? 
of his raigne, out of the ruines of part of that monaftery, and endowed with part of 
the poffeffions, wherof this Cromhall was part, and is now leafed by the Bifhop for 
life at 17 1 ! rent p ann ; which in the 31* yeare of that kinge vpon the Act of parlia- 
ment that diffolved that and other monafteries, was given to the Crowne : And this 
part of the parifh of Cromhall (called alfo Abbots fide,) in all payments wherwith 
the wholl parifh is charged, payeth an intire third parte, and confifteth of 12 in- 
habitants, payers and office bearers ; And hath a Leete for it felfe and a Tithingman 
afwell as Cromhall Ligon ; And is holden of the kinge by [the rent of £t>2> • 6 . 8 
p ann for all the lands and manors granted] as in the tres patents of 34. H. 8. 
[pt. 10. m. 4] is contained. 

Cf)C other part of this parifh is called Cromhall Ligon, becaufe the family of 
the Ligons were longe owners therof, as after followeth ; And is nowe the inheri- 
tance of Sir Richard Ducy Baronet, fonne and heire of Sir Robert Ducy late 
Alderman of London who died in 10. Caroli Rf, havinge in a° before pur- 

chafed the fame of Sir Horatio Vere, Lord of Tylbury, and the Lady his wife, 
who in a . Jac. Rf , purchafed the fame of Sir Wiltm Throgmerton Baronet, 

fonne of Sir Thomas Throgmerton who died in 6.Jac Regis, havinge in the 38^ 
yeare of Queene Elizabeth purchafed the fame of William Ligon, as after followeth. 

This parifh is part of the Herneffe, nookes or corners of Berkeley, not adioyn- 
inge on any fide or part to any other part of the manor or hundred of Berkeley ; 
And wherin William the Conqueror had two hides of land in demefne, as the booke 
of Domefdei in the Exchequer fheweth. 

It was (amongft many others) given by kinge Henry the fecond to Robert 
the fonne of Harding and his heires, To hold of the kinge by five knights fees, I 
meane, all the manors and lands that paffed to him by that grant ; But when or 
what yeare or to whom the faid Robert the fonne of Harding, who dyed in 17. H. 2. 

as 



1 62 $unbrc& of 25critricp 

as the great pipe Roll in the Exchequer iheweth, did grant away the fame I have 
not obferved : But I finde that toward the end of that kings raigne and in the times 
of kinge Richard the firft and of kinge John, This part (which in all rates beareth 
two parts of three,) wherof I nowe write, (and to which the advowfon of the church 
is appendant,) was the land of Bernard de Cromhall, and of Wittm the fonne of 
Bernard, And after of Phillip and Walter de Cromhale, and after of Peter de 
Cromhale, (perhaps fome of them brothers;) And in the time of kinge H. 3. of 
Richard de Cromhale and of Dionifia his wife, which Richard was flaine in Scotland 
about 39. H. 3. leavinge iffue three daughters and co-heires, vz, Dionifia maried to 
John de Wawton, Margaret maried to Nicholas de Limefi, And fflorence, who I 
166 fuppofe, was either not maried or died without iffue. All which appeareth | by the 
pipe Rolls a° 14. Johis and 43. H. 3. in the Exchequer: And by Rot. Claus. 39. 
H. 3. pars. 1. membr. 4. in the tower of London. 

ffrom which John de Wawton and Dionifia his wife iffued Wittm de Wawton, 
to whom kinge E. 2. in the 4'!* yeare of his raigne granted licence, quod ipfe 
Cameram fuam infra manfum fuum de Cromhale in Coin Glouc. Kernellare poffit, 
et fie Kernellatam tenere fibi et heredibus fuis : which is now the inheritance of 
Thomas Hicks, and foe ftill in part as yet it remaineth, though his late buildings 
and his fathers, fince their purchafe therof of Sir Wittm Throgmton, have fomwhat 
altered part therof: where, by the way, I will note, from the words Kernellare 
manfum fuum, that the word [Kernellare] feemes to bee made latine out of the old 
french word, Charneaux, which fignifieth that indented part or forme of the top of 
a wall, which hath vent and creft, cofnonly called Embattelinge. 

The forefaid Sir William de Wawton died in 15. E. 2. feifed of this manor, 

now at this day called Cromhall Ligon, leavinge iffue Sir William de Wawton who 

died without iffue, and Thomas de Wawton his brother and heire who by his Deed 

in 26. E. 3. inrolled in the Chancery releafed all his intereft and eftate in this manor 

and advowfon to Elias Daubeny and Agnes his wife and their heires ; and therby 

the wholl united ; Which Elias was the fonne of John de Albiniaco ats Daubeny 

and of Cicely his wife, And had iffue Richard who died without iffue in 38. E. 3. 

And Elizabeth maryed to Sir Gilbert Gifford who died in 48. E. 3. After which 

Sir Gilbert and Elizabeth this manor came to Sir John Gifford his cozen and heire 

who died in 10. R. 2. without iffue, and William Gifford was his brother and 

heire ; ffor which later proofes See the patent Rolls. 33. E. 3. ps. 3. mem : 3. And 

patent 38. E. 3. And Clofe rolls. 48. E. 3. m. 19. And Clofe roll. 8. R. 2. m : 5. 

title South ton. And Inq : 47. E. 3. pro Kinfholme in com Glouc. 

Which 



<Cromf)afl 163 

Which William Gifford, brother and heire of Sir John, is hee who in 23. H. 6, 
then lord of this manor, enfeoffed John Dorney and others of the Church houfe and 
other lands in Cromhale, to the vfe of the church, Rendringe to him and his heires 
— 15? p ann, paid at this day ; And after died in 30. H. 6. levinge iffue Nicholas 
Gifford, who by Margery his wife had iffue Anne maried to Thomas Ligon, To 
whom and to the heires of their two bodies the remainder to the right heires of 
Anne, the faid Nicholas by his Deed 15. November A° 6. E. 4. conveyed this 
manor ; fhewed to mee ;by Sir Witim Throgrriton in his Clofet at Tortworth the 
if'* day of March. 1607. tne better to rectify this difcent and pedegree. 

But by what difcent or meanes John Gifford who lived in 8. H. 4. And Sir 
John Gifford knight, who died in 25. H. 6. without iffue, who were in feverall deeds 
which I have read ftiled Lords of the manors of Cromhale and Legamton and feifed 
therof, I have not found. 

The faid Thomas Ligon died in 22. H. 7. leavinge iffue by the faid Anne 
Gifford his wife, Richard Ligon who died in 4. H. 8, leavinge iffue Richard Ligon 
who died in 4*° Mar., levinge iffue Wittm Ligon who died in 10. Eliz., leavinge iffue 
Richard Ligon | who died in 27. Eliz, leavinge iffue William Ligon who in 38. Eliz. 167 
aliened this manor and advowfon to Sir Thomas Throgmerton and his heires as 
aforefaid ; By whofe death in 6'.° Jac. the fame came to his only fonne Sir William, 
who havinge made many leafes for lives of moft part of the manor, fhortly after 
granted the revertion to the fame men for 21. yeares, to begin vpon the expiration 
of their former eftates for lives; And fhortly after that in A . 14 Jacobi, granted 
divers other parts therof to feverall men in ffee fimple, refervinge the old rent or 
more ; wherby this ancient manor which by the feifin of fix remarkeable gentlemen 
of the Sirname of Ligon is called Cromhall Ligon, is nowe A° 1639. the feverall 
inheritances of 23. men, vz. of Sir Richard Ducy aforefaid, who hath a manor yet 
kept on foote with the faid rents foe referved, Robert Webb fonne and heire of 
Robert Webbe, Nicholas Webbe fonne and heire of Nicholas, Thomas Hickes 
fonne and heire of Arthur Hickes, Morgan Hickes, brother of the faid Thomas, 
Arthur Hickes another brother of the faid Thomas, John Hoale Clerke, John 
Atwell, Thomas fonne of Thomas Dimery, Richard Arnold, Robert fonne and heire 
of [Thomas ?] Arnold, William Nelme in right of Agnes his wife daughter of John 
Mafon, Robert Griffith fonne and heire of Thomas Griffith, Thomas Griffith brother 
of the faid Robert, Sarah Blanch one of the daughters and coheires of Jeremy 
Blanch, and John Knight in right of his wife the other daughter and co- 

heire 



1 64 



J^unbrcb of 23crftrfcp 

heire of the faid Jeremy Blanch, Thomas Stinchcombe, Wittm Venery ats Pike, 

Thomas Wheeler in right of Sufan his wife daughter of Edward Crome, 

Walkeley fonne and heire of Henry Walkeley, John Packer fonne and heire of 

Henry, Thomas Jopfon fonne of Thomas, who is faid to have aliened lately to 

John Knight, And Nicholas Hickes who is faid to have lately aliened to 

And Arthur Hickes aforefaid brother of the faid Thomas, fonnes of Arthur Hickes, 

for lands late of Jone Lawrence widowe and Henry Aliens, and John Bakers, and 

Henry Haywardens. 

And for proofe of the Tenure to bee by knight fervice, See after fol: 169. 170. 



C'romale faire. Upon the feaft day of S 1 Andrewe the Apoftle, the laft of November, hath for 

the fpace of 90. yeares paft byn held a kinde of ffayre, by refort of pedlars pear- 
mongers and the like petty Chapmen, by like authority as that of Cowley before 
mentioned fol: 156. And vpon like ground; ffor doubtles Charter or grant from the 
Crowne at any time there hath byn none : which beinge laid vpon foe incertaine a 
foundation beginneth at this day to melt away, and fhortly the place therof will not 
bee found, as that of Cowley. 

Rates. In all rates for payments to Church poore or kinge, this of Cromhal Ligon 

beareth two third parts, And that of Cromhall Abbotts the other third part ; And 
Advowfon. to this manor of Cromhale Ligon is the Advowfon of the Church belonginge, 
wherof Sir Richard Ducy by the purchafe of his father is patron, and accompted 
as appendant to this manor ; yet was it given to the faid Abbot of S' Auguftines 
by the faid Robert the fonne of Hardinge, vpon his firfl foundinge of that monaftery, 
as in the originall grant therof, which I have read, appeares ; But howe or when it 
came back to the Lords of this manor, or from whom, I have not found. 

The wholl parifh is within the Deanary of Haukefbury, as the Roll of Taxa- 
tions in 20. E. 1. fheweth, in the tower of London. | 

168 The tutelary Saint of this Church, to whofe protection in the daies of our great 

Wake day. g ranc if at hers it was coniitted, was S'. Andrewe the Apoftle, when on the funday 
follovvinge the wake or ffeaft day is holden ; which in the age of hofpitality might 
give the firft rife of the ffaire above mentioned. 



Free warren. The Abbot of S'. Auguftines often before mentioned had free warren in this his 

third part of this parifh called Cromale Abbots, by the grant of kinge E. 1. in the 

13 th of 



<Cromf)aH 

i3 l . h of his raigne, as before I have written in the defcription of Almondefbury, 
fol : 49. which is likely to bee in generall words (at leaft) derived downe to the 
Bifhop of Briftoll and his fucceffors from H. 8. as amply as the Act of parliament 
in 31. H. 8. gave it to him. 

The payment of the fifteenth or King filver, when it is granted by parliament, Fifteene. 
is, in the Onus or charge for this wholl parifh, — ■3 1 ! 10? 5"! ob. cjj. The deduction 
is — 18' 1^ ob. q^. The remainder paid into the Excheq r by the Collector, is — 52* 4? 

In the laft Subfedy, A° 5'? Rf Caroli, were of Subfedy men in this parifh — 16, Subfedy. 
who paid — 6'l' 15? 4*! 

Of able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, which at a generall Able men. 
mufter appeared before Henry Lord Berkeley, then Lord Lieutenant of the County, 
were — 80. wherof in Cromhale Abbots, or Abbots fide — 20. 



-65 



Of trayned Souldiers vnder Thomas Veel Efq^ their Captaine are , wherof Soldiers. 

Corfletts , mufketts — . 

And if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley accompted a 4'!* part of the County of Rates. 
Glouc, bee affeffed in any taxe for kinge or Comonwelth at — ioo 1 '.' Then this 
hundred of Berkeley paies — 33'!- 3 s : And this parifh of Cromhale — 20 s And foe 
after that rate. 



jftCCf)0tt)£ within this parifh, befides thofe 23. formerly 
mentioned to have lately beene parcell of Cromhale 
Ligon. 

f$CCtC is a meffuage with divers Cotages and lands therto belonging containinge 
about 44. acres, late the inheritance of Robert Dorny and nowe of Robert Webbe, 
fonne of Robert Webb, who purchafed the fame in 11. Jac Rf, of the faid Robert 
Dorney, fonne of John Dorney ; holden of George Lord Berkeley as of his caftle 
of Berkeley by knight fervice, and fute to his Hundred court of Berkeley from 
3 weekes to 3 weekes ; which John Gifford aforenamed, then lord of the manor of 
Cromhale, by deed dated 6. Maij, A° 8. H. 4. granted to Richard Shevely and his 
heires, which I have read ; wherin, though hee referved to himfelfe and his heires 
the old rent of — 21 s . 8 d . and the other fervices of old due and payable to his manor 
of Cromhale for the fame, yet the tenure is, as aforefaid, by force of the Statute of 

Quia 



Dornies land, 
nowe Webbs. 



1 66 pnnQrcD of 23crhricp 

Quia emptores terrarum, made in 18. E. i. Which Richard Shevely left iffue Jone 
his only daughter and heire, maried to John Dorney, who had iffue John Dorney 
who died in 21. E. 4, father of Richard Dorney who died in H. 7., father of Richard 
who died in H. 8. father of Robert Dorney who died in Eliz : father of John 
J "9 Dorney, who by his firft wife had iffue | Alexander and John : And by Chriftian 
his fecond wife, had iffue Robert Dorney, to whom by the reftles importunity of his 
mother, hee the faid John by a fine levied in 32. Eliz., the vfe whereof was by 
Indenture 10. yeares after leade to bee to himfelf for life, the Remainder to the 
faid Chriftian for her life, the remainder to the faid Robert his eldeft fonne by 
the faid Chriftian and to the heires males of his body, the remainder to John 
Dorney his fecond fonne by his firft wife and to the heires males of his body, the 
remainder to the right heires of him the faid John Dorney the father, who after 
died on S? Stephens day A°. 3° Jac, Rf : leavinge the faid Robert then 18. yeares 
old, who after fold the fame in 1 1° Jacobi, to Robert Webb father of the faid Robert, 
as is aforefaid. 

ffor further proofe, fee 

Inq : 7. Jac. pt morte Jofiis Dorney. — p fervic militare. 

Inq : 14. Rf Caroli, pt morte Robti Webbe, who died 17. yeares before, 

a 6 to Caroli Rf . 
ffinis in banco in Micftas Terfn. 11. Jac. wherby Nicfius Webb (who died 

a° 6"? Caroli,) purchafed 8. acres of this land of the faid Robert Dorney, 

fonne of John, which Nicholas fonne of the faid Nicholas Web nowe 

holdeth, 1639. 



Cronies land 
late Berkeleys 
of Beverflon. 



3tIgo in this parifh of Cromhale, Richard Crome fonne of John Crome fonne 
of Richard Crome, holds a meffuage and about 80. acres of land meadowe and 
pafture therto belonginge, in the tenure of himfelfe and of his leffees for life, knowne 
by the name of Talebrockes ; which the faid Richard his grandfather did in the 
firft of Qu : Mary purchafe of John Berkeley of Beverflon, after knight, and was of 
old in the time of kinge Richard the firft, the land of Phillip de Cromhale, who 
granted the fame to Talebrocke and his heires, To hold of him in Soccage, from 
whofe feizin it is called Talebrockes to this day. The originall deed is with the 
faid Richard Crome, which I have read. 



In Eafter Terme, a° 16 10 Caroli Rf, the faid Richard Crome levied a fine of 
this land, And in Micfcas Terme after fuffered (by warrant of Atturny,) a CoiTion 

recovery 



CromfjaU 167 

recovery to cut of an Entaile with divers remainders over created by John his 
father ; And by an Indenture leadinge the vfe therof, the faid Richard difinherited 
his iffue male which hee had by his firft wife, and fetled the fame vpon his fonnes 
by Suzan his fecond wife ; Such power have younge wives over old hufbands, as in 
divers places of this defcription of this hundred appeareth, which through the ill 
relifh never have my approbation. 

Though the tenure of this manor of Cromhale Ligon is undoubtedly by knight 
fervice of the lord Berkeley, as formerly I have written ; yet becaufe the Inquifi- 
60ns found after the death of the faid Ligons import otherwife, I will, for clearinge 
the truth therin, And alfo of the difcents of the manor formerly mentioned, fet 
downe togeather fuiiiarily the fubftance of fuch records as I have met withall, 
omittinge fuch accompts court rolls and deeds as are in the evidence houfe in the 
Caftle of Berkeley, vz ; | 

The great Chartulary in Berkeley Caftle hath 3. difcents of Richard de Crom- 170 
hale, fol : 164. which alfo is in the great roll of the Pipe, 1. R. 1. et annis, 11, 12, 

13. 14. 15- 

Rf Joftis. glouc. et 14. Johis in Com Wiltes. 

Rot. Claus. 39. H. 3. ps. 1. membr. 4. in arce London. 

Quia Johes Wawton qui duxit in vxor primogenitam filiam et heredem 

Rici de Cromhale, &c. Rot. pipse. 43. H. 3. to the fame effect. Rot. 

finiu, 44. H. 3. pars 1. to that effect. 

Liber feoct mittm in fcio cm Rein thefaur. fol : t,$j. Wittm de Wawton (fonne 
of John) holdeth the fourth part of Cromhale of Thomas de Berkeley : And 
Chriftiana de Marifcijs holdeth another fourth part, vt antea. Which (being a 
booke of knights fees,) is foe to bee taken and expounded. 

Inq: 15. E. 2. pro terris rebelliu in Corn Glouc, findes, That William de Wawton 
held the moity of the manor of Cromhale to him and his heires in fee fimple. 

Inq : 37. E. 3. of knights fees belonginge to the Caftle and manor of Berkeley. 
Hurft. Galfridus de Blunt tenet vnum feodum in Cromhale. 

Rot. Patent, 3. E. 3. in dorfo, Wittus de Wawton arr aflifa verfus Abbem de 
Briftoll, de quodam ftagno in Cromhale ; Rot. patent. 4. E. 3. ps. 1. in dorfo. et ps 
2. a° 4'.° idem. See alfo Patent 10. et 11. E. 3. dorfo. 

By 



1 68 $unDrct» of 23crhriep 

By deed 28. H. 3. Maurice lord Berkeley (inter alia) endowed his mother Jone 
de toto fervicio Rici de Cromhale. In Berkeley Caftle. This implyeth a tenure by 
knights fervice. 

Rot. paten, 38. E. 3. ps. 1. The marriage of Elizabeth, fifter and heire of 
Richard fonne of Elias Dawbeny, is granted to Gilbert Gifford by the kinge. See 
Rot, Claus. 8. R. 2. membr. 50. pro Elia Daubeny &c. 

Inq : a . 6'.° Jacobi Rf poft mortem Thome Throkraton mittis. — p ferviciu mit. 

Inq : a° 10° Regis Caroli, poft mortem Robti Ducy mittis et Baronett. — 
p ferv : mit. 

Theis with thofe other formerly mentioned in the defcription of this manor of 
Cromhale, with the feifin of the fervices expreffed in my booke of wardfhips and 
Releefes, happened to the lord Berkeley, may feeme to fuffice. Vide etiam. 

Hillar Term in banco, a° 10. Rf Jofcis. Rot. 5. Amicius de Woodftocke opponit 
fe verfus Ricm Cromhale et Dionifia vxorem fuam, Wittm de Laurd" et ffloram 
vxore fuam, et Nictim de Limefi et Margareta vxor fuam, et Robtum de Corbet 
et Sibillam vxore fua, de ptito conventionis invadiat 

Term Hillar, 38. H. 6. A fine inter Ricm Choke de Man'io de Cromhale, &c, 
the fee to Nicholas Gifford. 

See alfo Rot. patent. 4. E. 2. ps. 2. membr. 12. And Rot. claus. 24. E. 2. ps. 1. 
membr. 5. And Rot. claus. 26. E. 3. membr. 7. in dorfo. And Inq : 48. E. 3. 
p! morte Gilberti Gifford mittis. — p. ferviciu militare. 

Co : roll of Wotton fforren, 36. H. 6. Wittm Gifford died feized of the manor 
of Cromeale, holden by one knights fee ; But nothinge happeneth for a mountuary, 
quia vxor ejus habuit ftatum coniunctim in diclo manerio, et fie mountuaf et releviu 
(faith the Roll). 



1 7 1 j blank 

172 \ 

173 



Drcucote. 

DraicotC : An hamblet or petty manor within the parifh of Came, wherof I 
have formerly written in the defcription of Came, fol : 125, 126, 127, as the moft 
eminent freehold within that parifh. 

Of 



SDraicotc 1 69 

Of this manor which I faid extendeth into the villages of Durfley, Cowley, 
Nibley, and Came, Richard Browninge of Durfley hath a mill and certaine grounds 
therto belonginge, parcell of the manor of Draicote, wherof hee in 38. Eliz : pur- 
chafed three fourth parts of John Browninge of Cowley his elder brother : And by 
the conveyance they agreed that either of them fhould pay five (hillings the peece 
of the cheefe rent of — 10* And the other fourth part hee purchafed alfo of his faid 
brother, and hee of Richard Hardinge in a" 7. Rf Jacobi, for which fourth part — 
3 s . 4 d ., the relidue of — 13 s . 4"? the cheefe rent goinge anciently out of the faid mill, 
is paid ; As amongft other evidences an ancient Accompt of the manor of Came in 
18. E. 2. doth fhewe ; which mill in divers writings is called Buftorpe ats Tanhouf- 
mill, and lyeth in Durfley. 



no we 

Sage, and Pope. 



%\\ the parifh of Cowley is an ancient meffuage and 55. acres of land therto Pariloes land 
belonginge, late parcell of this manor or land called Draicote, nowe in a° 1639 
the feverall inheritances of Wittm Sage of Briftoll and of Thomas Pope of Came 
parifh, who purchafed the fame of George Parflowe, fonne of William Parfloe who 
died in 18. Rf Jacobi, fonne of John Parfloe who died in 1? Eliz : and did purchafe 
the fame of John Moody and Jone his wife, one of the two daughters and coheires 
of John Draicote ats Tanner, who died in 3? H. 7. ; which faid meffuage and lands 
were excepted out of a fine levyed of the manor of Draycote in 35. H. 8. wherof 
read more in Came. And this meffuage and land is holden of George lord Berkeley 
by the third part of a knights fee, fute to the hundred court of Berkeley from three 
weekes to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — 34? 4"! ; whereof alfo fee more in 
the booke of Wardfhips and releefes, fol : 3. et 22. See alfo the court Roll of 
Cowley 1° Eliz. p' morte Johis Parfloe. f. 34? 4"! p ferviciu militare. 

3[lt Cowley alfo are two other meffuages with divers lands to them feverally 
belonginge, now the inheritance of John Browninge, fonne of John who died a° 4. 
Rf Caroli, fonne of Richard who died 37. Eliz, fonne of John who died in 5'° et 6'? 
Ph : & Mar ; fomtime parcell of this manor of Draicote, which were excepted out 
of the fine levied of that manor in 35. H. 8. And which were by the la ft mentioned 
John Browninge purchafed of Alice Goffe and Jone Moody, the two daughters and 
coheires of Jone fomtime the wife of Henry Beale, one of the two daughters and 
coheires of John Draycote ats Tanner ; holden of George lord Berkeley by knight 
fervice. 

ffor this and other pcells of Draicotes, See the office after the death of the faid 
Browninge in 4'.° Rf Caroli, — per ferviciu militare. | 

2Dur0cIqj. x 74 blank 
z VOL. Ill 



170 ^unbrcD of 23crhricp 

J 75 Dursclcy. 

DurjBfflcp : In Domefdei booke written Derfilege, and foone after Dureflega, 
wherin Witim the Conqueror had three hides of land in demefne, as that booke 
fheweth, which with one other hide of land the old inheritance of the Berkeleis, 
were late the inheritance of Sir Thomas Eftcourt knight, who died without iffue in 
22. Jac Rf, and now of Thomas Eftcourt Efq,, fonne of Edmond brother of the 
faid Sir Thomas, all holden of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite. 

Name. ^|jp name of this ancient towne I conceive to come from the Britifh word 

Dour, which fignifieth water, which plentifully both arifeth and runneth by and 
through the fame ; And the Saxon word Icga, ICffC or lei which beinge all one doe 
fomtimes fignify water and fomtimes place ; In either very agreeable to the fcitua- 
tion, whereof fee before in the defcription of Berkeley fol : jj. And the water 
runninge through this towne, is at this day called Ewelme. 



Deanry The towne gives the name to one of the Deaneries of this county called the 

Deanary of Durfley, wherin are the churches of Berkeley, of Slimbridge, of Cow- 
ley, of Came, of fframpton, of Durfeley, of Iweley, of Newenton, of Beverfton, 
and of Wotton ; As by the ancient roll of taxation in 20. E. 1. in the tower of 
London appeareth. 

survey in Cane : 5JJJ011 a Bill exhibited in Chancery by the Lady Mary Eftcourt the widowe of 

Sir Thomas, in ffebr. 1637. A° 13. Car. againft the faid Thomas Eftcourt, it is fet 
out That Sir Thomas her hufband was feized in fee of this manor of Durfley, and 
of the Manors of Shipton, Laffeburrowe, and of the ffarmes of Coldnewenton, 
and Calcote, And of divers lands in Newenton Bagpath ; And by two Indentures 
of 20. Junij. 22. Jac, and of 26. Junij p\T, did fettle the fame on certaine ffeoffees to 
divers vfes, therin perticulerly laid downe : nowe fince that time, vpon controverfies 
arifinge, they are agreed, for the quietinge thereof, That a Decree (hall bee had by 
confent, which was done the 19 th of Aprill followinge, a° 14. Rf Caroli, containinge 
133. leaves of paper in the drawinge vp ; And indeed is a good and comendable 
furvey of all the faid manors and lands, and of each tenants eftate that held any 
part of any of them ; And by which the inheritance was fetled in fee vpon the 
defendant. 

Redlory. «Ct)C firctorp or Perfonage of Durfley is accompted the corps or body of the 

Archdeaconry of this county of Glouc, And is of Cuftome and right the incumbency 

of 



EDur^rirp. 



171 



of him that is for the time oculus epifcopi, the Archdeacon, which at this time is 
Hugh Robinfon Doclor of Divinity. 

Cl)C aforefaid hide of land was the old habitation of the ancient family of the Durfeley 
Berkeleis called of Durfley, in a Caftle by them built before the Conqueft, (the ruines Caftle. 
whereof are fruitfull with barley and oade there growinge,) And they afterwards alfo 
held from Edward the Confeffor and from Wittm the Conqueror and from his 2. 
fonnes, Wittm Rufus and H. 1. and alfo halfe the raigne of kinge Stephen, the firft 
mentioned three hides in Domefdei booke, with the wholl manor of Berkeley (in 
effecT:) and all Berkeley herneffe, (wherof Durfley was an hamblet or parcell of 
thofe kings,) in fee farme, at the yearly rent of — 500 1 ! - 17' 2 d . as the great roll of the 
pipe in the firft yeare of kinge Henry the fecond doth fhewe. | 



The firft of which family whofe name I can certainly faften vpon, is Roger 
Berkeley mentioned in the faid booke of Domefdei, who alfo lived in the time of 
kinge Edward the Confeffor, who was father of William Berkeley, who in the time 
of kinge Henry the firft founded the Abby of Kingfwood by Wotton Vnderedge, 
in that time and after called the manor of Acholt, as amongft many other proofes 
the confirmacon of kinge Henry the fecond in the 1 1 1 ! 1 yeare of his raigne, made to 
the Abbot of that monaftery for 10. marks fine, fpeaketh, fpecified in the great pipe 
Roll of that yeare in the Exchequer ; which Wittm Berkeley was father of Roger 
Berkeley, who lived in the time of kinge Stephen, who by Havifia his wife, was 
father of Robert, 1 who by Helena his wife daughter of the Lord Robert fonne of 
Harding, firft lord of Berkeley, had from her fathers guift, this manor of Durfley 
in fee fimple for her manage portion : Betweene whom was iffue Roger, who by 
Hawifia his firft wife had iffue Henry : which Henry by Agnes his wife had iffue 

John ; 
1 Smyth is in error here. Sir Henry Barkly in an able Memoir On the Earlier Houfe of Berkeley, ("Trans: 
Briflol and Glouceflerfhire Archseol: Society, Vol. VIII.") has (hewn that William Berkeley was not the father 
of Roger, but that there were five Rogers in fucceffion, extending from the time of the Domefday Inquefl 
(1086) to 1 22 1. William Berkeley, who was Cuftos of the Honour of Berkeley in 1131, is fuppofed to 
have been the fon of Euftace, brother of Roger II. He it was who founded Kingfwood Abbey in 1139, 
and furrendered the founderfhip to his nephew Roger III., in 1148. In the previous year he was en- 
feoffed in Eldresfield by Robert Earl of Gloucefler, in which he was fucceeded by his fon William and 
grandfon Robert who, as appears from Tefier tie Nevil, held it in 1216. According to Sir Henry Barkly, 
he is miftaken here, as he is in his Life of Robert Fitz Harding (Ante Vol. I., p. 55,) in Rating that 
Helena, Fitz Harding's eldefl daughter, married Robert fon and heir of Roger de Berkeley. Her 
hufband, he fhews, was Roger (IV.) fon and heir of the above-named Roger III. It is remarkable that 
neither the name of Roger Berkeley's eldeft fon nor of either of the ladies occur in the agreement made 
between the parents, which will be printed pod under Slimbridge. [Ed.] 



176 

Berkeleis 
pedegree of 
Durfley. 



172 J^unorco of 23crfericp 

John ; which John by Sibill his wife had iffue Henry ; which Henry by Jone his 
wife had iffue William, John and Henry ; which William and John died without 
iffue, leavinge this manor to difcend vpon the faid Henry their brother and heire ; 
which Henry had iffue John, who died in [23 r . d Edw. Ill ?] And by Hawifia his wife 
left iffue Nicholas and Maud : which Nicholas maryed Cicely fifter and heire of Sir 
John de la more of Bitton, but died without iffue in 6. R. 2. A°. 1382. wherby this 
manor difcended to the faid Maud his fifter, who was maried to Robert de Cantelo, 
and died in the 4 th of H. 4. by whom fhee left iffue Robert who died in 
leavinge iffue Elizabeth his only daughter and heire maried to Richard Chedder, 
which Richard and Elizabeth his wife were they who in 13. H. 4. fold by a fine 
then levied the Advowfon of the faid Abby of Kingfwood to Thomas then lord 
Berkeley the 4^ of that name, wherof the faid William Berkeley in the time of 
kinge H. 1. was founder ; After the death of which Richard Chedder and Elizabeth 
in the time of kinge Henry the fixth, this manor of Durfley came by difcent to 
Thomas Wike, ats Wikes, who died in 13. E. 4. leavinge iffue John Wikes who 
died in 1. H. 7, and was father of Edmond Wikes who died in 6. H. 8, father of 
Nicholas Wikes who died in 4. & 5. Ph : & Mar, whofe fonne John Wikes died in 
the life time of his father, leavinge iffue Robert Wikes who in 9. Eliz. fold this 
manor of Durfley to Richard Bird and his heires, And hee fhortly after to Edmond 
Woolworth ats Webbe, who died in Eliz : leavinge iffue Wirlm, who in 

Eliz. fold the fame to Richard Bridges, who fold the fame in Eliz. to Thomas 

Eftcourt Efq,, who died in Eliz. leavinge iffue Sir Thomas Eftcourt knight, 

who dyinge in 22. Jac. without iffue, left the fame to Thomas Eftcourt his brother 
Edmonds fonne, as is aforefaid ; Howbeit, Richard Webb ats Woolworth fonne 
and heire of the faid Wittm, to this day receiveth 20 ': p Ann out of this manor for 
his life, from the heire of the faid Richard Bridges. 

"2't canot bee vnpleafmge to you, delightinge in fuch reverend Antiquities, to 
read out of that venerable booke called the Red booke in the office of the kings 
Htmm ifitaUCer in the Excheq r , the Certificate of the faid Roger Berkeley made to 
kinge Henry the fecond in the thirteenth yeare of his raigne, in the originall | 
iyj words, thus ; Glouc : Carta Rogeri de Berkeley. Sciant diis Rex, qd ego Rogerus 
de Berkeley habeo duos milites et dimi(T fefatos de veteri feoffomento, vnde Hugo 
de planca tenet dimidiam hidam ; Et de iftis integrum militcm habetis ad dimidium 
faciend", tenet, vz, Radus de Yweley dimidiam hidam : ffemina Radi Cantileue 
dimidia hidam ; Rogerus de Alba mara vnam virgatam ; Simon de Coveleg vna 
virgata ; ffemina Rici Ganfeli tres virgatas ; Prior de Stanlega vnam virgata ; Et 

lie 



2Dur£dcp 173 

fie habetis dimitt militem. Ad alterum militem faciend, Walterus de holecombe 
tenet tres hidas et dimid ; Reginaldus de Alba mara tres hidas ; Et ita tenent 
ifti tres decern hidas, vnde nolunt mihi facere ferviciu nifi de tribus virgatis, fz, 
vnufquifq^ de vna virgata : Et ita habetis duos milites et dimidiu feodatos, nullumq, 
feffatum habeo de novo de meo tempore. Si vobis in antea de dominio meo placet 
audi re, In manerio meo de Coburly habeo feoda duorum militum ; Apud Stanley 
feodum vnius militis, cum vna hida de Chedrington ; In Newenton habeo vnum 
feodum militis; In Durfeley vna hidam ; In Efflewrda dimidia hidam ; In Dudding- 
ton tres hidas et dimidiam ; In Slimbridg tres hidas, quas ego veftro affenfu dedi 
Mauricio filio Roberti, vnde nullum habeo fervicium. Kingefwedam tenent albi 
monachi ex dono Willi de Berkeley, vnde vobis integrum militem facio, quam ipfi 
mihi nullum fervicium facere volunt. — £t)tl$ tfjflt Certificate. And vpon this hide 
of land in Durfley doubtles was his dwelling place, in his Caftle anciently built 
theron, which was an old freehold of it felfe and not parcell of the manors either of 
Berkeley or of Durfeley. 

An ancient booke of knights fees of the time of kinge E. 1. in the Excheq', 
with the Remembrancer to the lord Treaforer, thus ; Henricus Berkele tenet 
Durfeley et Newenton de Rege in capite per ferviciu duorum militum. 

An Inquilltion in the Tower in 15. E. 1. numero 18. findeth, that Henry 
Berkely (inter alia) died feized of the manor of Stanley S* Leonard, qd ptinet ad 
Baroniam de Durfeley, and that Wittm was his fonne and heire, 15. years old. 

The patent roll, 38. H. 3. membr. 1. et 6. fhewes, that the kinge granted 
liberty to Wittm Berkeley of Durfeley, 1 for terme of his life, with his hounds to 
hunt the fox, wolfe, hare, wild catt, badger, &c. And that hee fhould not bee 
returned upon any Jury, nor bee made Sheriffe, Coroner, &c, againft his will. 

3Cnb 

1 Smyth has here improperly introduced the words " of Durfley" after the name of the grantee. No 
fuch words occur in either of the records he cites, (Charter Roll 37'. 11 and 38'. h Henry III., Roll 50, &c.) 
We are at prefent unable to fay who was this William de Berkeley that flood fo high in the kings favour. 
It is clear he was not William, 5'. h fon of Thomas I., Lord Berkeley, who was conflrained to quit the 
realm in 56'. h Henry III., (1272) "never to returne,"(Ante Vol. I., p. 120,) whereas the William who married 
Avicia Blakeford, is ftated in the Inquifition, taken after her death, for Devon (Inq. p. m. 56^ Henry III., 
No. 21,) (hews that her hufband William Berkeley was then (1270) deceafed. 

The Patent Rolls cited by Smyth belonged to the Vafcon or Gafcon feries. They contain grants 
made by the King during his Expedition into Gafcony in 1253 and 1254. They have been by fome over- 
fight feparated from the Patent Rolls, and are now placed with the Charter Rolls, but have not been 
Calendared. [Ed.] 



174 i^uiiDrco of 23crhclcp 

2£nb by the patent roll, 39. H. 3. ps. 2. This Wittm Berkeley was valettus 
regis, one that waites on the kinge in his bedchamber : And by Patent. 40. H. 3. 
membr. 9. hee flood greatly in his favour ; And foe intimates Liberat. 41. H. 3. ; 
And had to wife Avicia, in whofe right hee had the manor of Brampton in the 
county of Devon. Claus. 45. H. 3. membr. 9. et 22. And Claus, 46. H. 3. in 
dorfo, to like effect. 

5tlltJ by the patent roll, 53. H. 3. ps. 1. mem: vltima. This William de Berkeley 
was pardoned by the kinge his partakinge with Roger de Clifford in his rebellion 
and ftirres raifed againft the kinge becaufe hee would not keepe the ftatutes and 
provifions of the parliament made at Oxford. 

This Henry de Berkeley lord of Durfley had in 9. E. 1. a tryall with Thomas 
lord Berkeley, the fecond lord of that name, for the liberties of | 

178 And in the faid 9^ and 13^ yeares of the fame, hee, (as it feemes) put forward 

two writs of <U)uo toarrantO againft the faid Thomas lord Berkeley, which cominge 
to triall at Glouc, the Jury found That the Anceftors of the lord Thomas in the 
times of Kinge H. 2, and of kinge John vfed That if any theeves were taken 
either in the Court or in the towne of Durfeley, to bringe them the fame day to 
the caftle of Berkeley, if the day fufficed, and there they were accuftomed to re- 
ceive their Judgment, and to have Juftice executed vpon them ; But if that day of 
their takinge fufficed not, then to be brought to the faid Caftle the morrowe after. 

The booke in the Exchequer called jDomilta DiHanim, remaininge in the office 
of the Remembrancer to the lord Treaforer, compiled in 9. E. 2. faith, That in the 
hundred of Berkeley are two burrowe townes, vz, Berkeley wherof Thomas lord 
Berkeley is lord, And Durfley wherof John fonne of William Berkeley is lord. 

Cf)C faid John fonne of William Berkeley, in 4. E. 3. takinge the advantage of 
the time whileft Thomas lord Berkeley grandchilde and heire of the laft mentioned 
lord Thomas was in tryall by parliament for his life and fortunes about the murder 
of kinge E. 2. in his Caftle of Berkeley, exhibites his petition in that parliament, 
fettinge forth Howe himfelfe holds the manors of Durfeley and Newenton in the 
county of Glouc of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, And that the faid Thomas 
Lord Berkeley beinge one of the gardians of the peace there, hath by his Seigniory 
and office often wrongfully diftrayned him by his plowe cattle, And that noe 

deliverance 



BDurjStefep 

deliverance would bee made of them by the Sheriffe nor by his bayly or other 
Ministers, for that they are all of his fee and Livery and of his houfhold fervants ; 
And foe by his Seigniory, and by Dures, and by colour of a new purchafe which of 
late hee hath made, and by the aid of Sir Roger de Mortimer late one of the 
kinges Councellors to have returne of Writts and all other royall ffranchifes within 
his hundred of Berkeley, which before was guildable, would encroach to him the 
attendance and Seigniory of him the faid John, to his difinherifon and to the damage 
of the kinge ; wherof hee nowe praies remedy in this high Court of parliament ; 
Whereto the anfwere was, That the Rolles of the Chancery fhould bee viewed ; 
And more, I thinke, followeth not heervpon. Howbeit if you defire to read other 
futes betweene thefe parties of as angry a nature, let the hiftory booke of the life 
of this lord Thomas, vnder the title of his fuites in Lawe, bee confulted withall, 
which heere I purpofely omitt. 

3|n this Towne is a Market each Thurfday, and two fayre daies yearly, The Markett. 
one on the 25 th day of Aprill called S' Marks day, And the other on the 23 th day of ffaires. 
November, called S' Clements day ; But when or by what kinge firft granted to the 
Lord heereof, I have not obferved. 

The Government of this towne is by a Magiftrate called the Bailiffe, yearly 
chofen by the Lords Steward and the Jury at the Leete or Lawday holden within 
a month after Michaelmas day. 



'75 



3'n this towne is a rocke of a ltrange ftone called a Puffe ftone or as fome Puffe (lone 
pronounce A tough ftone, wherin is noe chinke, cracke, chopp or Lifne at all ; like 
a fpunge ; of an incredible durance, as the walles of Berkeley caftle made of the 
ruines of the old nunrye there demolifhed neere 700. yeares agone may witnes ; 
very eafy to bee cut, and foft ; through which rocke divers vaults houfes cellers 
mills and water courfes in the towne, are cut, and runne. The like is faid not to 
bee elfwhere found : and by it and through part of it runneth the ftreame from the 
faire fountaine there called Ewelme, | anciently in the time of H. 3. and before 
written Hewelme in divers deeds. 



179 

Ewelme water. 



Co have vifited an ancient hermitage feated in the midft of the defert woods Hermitage, 
hanginge over this towne, may feeme in daies of fuch beleife to have byn an expia- 
tory or meritorious worke, through the paines taken in the vneafy and dangerous 
clyminge and acceffe to the hermites cell, vp and downe the fteepe and craggy hills 

leadinge 



1 76 punDiiQ of 23crhricp 

leadinge therto : The laft time I finde mention of Heremite or Heremitage, is in 
the Court roll of the Manor of Ham, in 8. H. 8. when hee was awarded at that 
court (bina manu) with two hands, to proove that the horfe which had thither 
flrayed and there taken vp was not theife-ftollen by him, but his owne proper goods 
But though hee had reititution, yet doubtleffe moft of them were hypocriticall 
knaves. 

Nunnery. latere alfo is a place which to this day is called the Nunnery. 

ffifteene. Ct)C payment of the fifteen or Kingfdver when it is granted to the kinge by 

parliament, is in the onus or charge in the Excheq r , 6' 1 .' 15? 5? The deduction is — 
13* 4*! The Remanet paid into the Exchequer by the Collector is — 6'v 2* i"? 

Subfedy. *Jn the laft Subfedy in 5'.° Caroli were in this parifh 9. fubfedy men, who paid — 

Able Men. 3Cllb of able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, in a° 6'.° 

Soldiers. Jacobi, were — 10 1. And now of trayned fouldiers vnder Thomas Veel Efq,, their 
Captaine are , wherof corfletts, and mufketts. 

Rates. 5tl1D if the whole Divifion of Berkeley, accompted a 4 th part of the county of 

Glouc bee rated in any tax for kinge or cofnon wealth to pay — ioo 1 '' Then this 
hundred of Berkeley paies therof — t,^'-- 3 s , And this towne of Durfley — 8!, And foe 
after that rate. | 
180 blank 



181 



(Sgcton. 

<£gCton : written alfo Ecketon, and Ecton, and Ecton Halmer, and Eckton : 
Is one of the 1 1. bamblets within the parilh of Berkeley wherof the fpacious manor 
of Hame confifteth, wherof fee more in that manor, fol : 239. 



Cf)i0 hamblet alfo is called Halmer, and included in the bounds thereof doth 
for the moft part confift of freehold lands heertofore in the times of R. 1. and kinge 
John, and of H. 3, granted by the lords of Berkeley caftle in fee, not only heere 
but throughout their wholl hundred of Berkeley, as in each leafe almoft in this 
defcription is to bee read : A great part of which land in this hamblet was in the 
time of kinge John and of his fonne kinge H. 3. the land of John de Egeton, and 

after 



•aHtocrton 177 

after of Walter and Wittm cle Egeton, and in the time of kinge E. 3. of John de 
Egeton : from whom it came into the name and family of Vlher, who alfo was 
called Donell ats Danyell ; As a pardon in Rot. pdonu. 30. H. 6. membr. 31. made 
to William Donell nup de Berkeley yeoman, ats Wittm Vfher of Bifely yeoman ; 
And as an other pardon in Rot. perdonu. 36. H. 6. made to Wittm Donell ats 
Wiftm Vfher, ats Wittm Danyell of Berkeley gen, doe plainly fhewe. And from 
them it came to the family and name of Reme ats Reom ats ffreme (as at this day 
wee pronounce it,) of Lipiat, with whom the moft of thofe lands remaine, wherof 
part in Hame, Hinton, Halmer, Alkington, and Berkeley Burrowe, as in the 
defcription of all thofe places or moft of them fhall appeare, in the freeholds there, 
fol : 2H. and for 5. leaves after. And in Hinton fol : 230. And fol : 220. 221. | 



€lberton. l82 

<&lbtrtOn : ats Ailberton, ats Hailberton, ats Elbrighton, ats Eldberton, quafi 
The old Barton or farme place; In Domefdei booke it is written Eldbertone, wherin 
Wittm the Conqueror had 5. hides of land in demefne. 

«ZTf)C manor is nowe the inheritance of Humphrey Hooke a marchant of 
Briftoll, who purchafed the fame of Sir Arthur Smythes, fonne of George Smythes 
a goldfmith in London, who purchafed the fame of Walter Walfh of Sodbury 
Efquire, to whom Henry Walfh his cozen (after flaine in fingle combate by Sir 
Edward Wintour,) conveyed this and other manors : Which Henry was the fonne 
of Nicholas Walfh, fonne of Maurice Walfh who died in 4. Mar, fonne of Sir John 
Walfh, fonne of John Walfh of Oldefton and of Elizabeth his wife, daughter of 
Richard fforrifter ats ffofter of Sodbury : And is holden by knights fervice in Capite 
of the Crowne. 

This manor was parcell of the Herneffe, viz Nookes or corners of the great 
manor of Berkeley ; And by kinge Henry the fecond in the firft yeare of his 
raigne, granted (inter alia) to Robert fonne of Harding and his heires, who after- 
wards about the 12* of the faid kinge gave the fame (inter alia) to Robert his third 
fonne and his heires, and died five yeares after ; and by the death of the faid 
Robert fonne of Robert in the time of kinge John, it difcended to Maurice de 
Gant his fonne and heire, By whofe death without iffue in 14. H. 3. this manor 
difcended and came to Robert de Gurnay, fonne and heire of Eve fifter and heire 

of 

2 A VOL. Ill 



1 78 J^uitDrcD of 25crftricp 

of the faid Maurice : which Robert dyinge in 53. H. 3. left it by difcent to Anfelme 
de Gurnay his fonne, and by his death in 14. E. 1. it difcended to John de Gurney 
his fonne, who dyinge without iffue five yeares after his father, leaft the fame to 
Elizabeth his fifter and heire, who was maried to Sir John ap Adam, who died in 
5. E. 2. leavinge iffue by his faid wife, Thomas ap Adam ; who by a fine and other 
affurances in 4. E. 3. fold this manor (with Kingefwefton) to Maurice Berkeley 
knight and his heires, fecond fonne of Maurice lord Berkeley the third of that 
name, who had iffue Sir Thomas Berkeley, called of Ewley, and died in 21. E. 3. 
And the faid Sir Thomas died in 35. E. 3. leavinge iffue Maurice Berkeley knight, 
who died in 2. H. 4. leavinge iffue Sir Maurice Berkeley borne after the death of 
his father, who died in 4. E. 4. leavinge iffue Sir William Berkeley knight, to whom 
this manor (inter alia) difcended, As the Inquificon found that yeare after his death 
fheweth ; the faid Sir WiHm then 28. yeares old, who after died in 16. H. 7. leav- 
inge iffue Sir Richard Berkeley. 

23ut forafmuch as the faid Sir Wittm Berkeley was in 1. H. 7. attainted of 
high Treafon, by parliament, for pertakinge with kinge R. 3. flaine in battell at 
Bofworth feild : and this manor granted by kinge H. 7. with his other poffeffions 
to Jafper Earle of Pembroke in taile, Though the faid Sir Wittm was reftored to 
moft of his lands after compoficon made with the faid Earle ; And his fonne Sir 
Richard after his fathers death to all the reft, yet fith neither of them are found to 
dye feized of this manor, nor to fue Livery therof, nor any of their pofterity after 
them, I cafiot but conceive that one of them fold away the fame ; But when or to 
whom I have not obferved : But fince come downe to Humphrey Hooke, as is firft 
before faid. | 

183 9(il this parifh of Ailberton is one ancient freehold created by the aforefaid 

Champneis land. Anfelme de Gurnay by a grant therof made to Thomas N orris and his heires, who 
after fold the fame to Thomas Trepyn and his heires ; And hee to John Champneis 
and his heires ; %\\ which feverall Alienations are laid down in a pardon dated 
18. Julij A° io° E. 3. beinge made without licence ; yet that record faith That theis 
lands are holden of John Lidiard in Capite ; And are nowe, Anno 1639, the inheri- 
tance of Thomas Herynge and of James Segar, worth one hundred pounds per 
Ann ; And had in the name and pofterity of the faid John Champneis continued in 
lineall difcent, till Edm : Champneis that yet is and his father fold the fame of late 
yeares. ffor fomwhat more of theis lands fee an Inquificon in 11. E. 2. after the 
death of John Trepin. And an Inq : vpon an Ad quod damnum in 10. E. 3. afore- 
faid 



<£toricp 

faid, which layeth downe what is before written : And in the fecond volume of my 
hiftory of the family of the Berkeleis, in the title of the iffue of the lord Maurice 
the third. 

Clje Church of Eldberton is within the Deanry of Briftoll, and in fome Deeds Church, 
faid, (as alfo ffilton,) to belonge to the mother church of Almondefbury, as Chaples 
therof. 

3Tl)C payment of the fifteenth or Kingefilver when it is granted by parliament, ffifteene. 
goeth with Kingfwefton vnder one fonie ; The onus or charge of both places to- 
geather is — io u .- 14" ob. q. The deduction is 26 s 8 d . The Remanet paid into the 
Exchequer for both Townfhips by the Collector is — 9'. 1 7. 4 d . ob. q^. 

5(n the laft Subfedy in a° 5'? Caroli Rf were 13. fubfedy men in this parifh of Subfedy. 
Elberton, who paid — 4'!- 16* 

<£>i able men for the Warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old in a° 6'? Jacobi Able men. 
Rf , which fhewed themfelves before Henry lord Berkeley then Leiutenant of the 
County at a generall muiler, were — 41. 



179 



<0f trained Souldiers vnder their captaine Thomas Veel Efq v now are 



Soldiers. 



3Clttl if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley, accompted a 4'. h part of the county, bee Rates, 
rated in any tax for the kinge or comon wealth at — ioo 1 '.' Then this hundred of 
Berkeley paies thereof 33''.- 3? And this towne of Elberton 20' 

Somwhat more of this Elberton is to bee read in theis records, viz', 
Inq : 53. H. 3. p' mortem Roberti de Gurnay. 
Inq : 14. E. 1. p' morte Anfelmi de Gurnay. 
Inq: 21. E. 3. p'. morte Mauricij filij Mauricij de Berkeley. 
Inq : 29. E. 3. p' morte Thomae Berkeley de Vie ctir. | 

<£tDCkp : In Domefdei booke written Eunelege, Soe called of the faire or 
beautifull water there ; wherin William the Conqueror had two hides of land in 
demefne, as that booke fheweth ; nowe at this day holden by feverall lords by 
feverall tenures, as after followeth ; 

I have 



184 blank 
185 



180 tjHinbrcD of 23crferlcp 

I have not in all my tumblings over of Records and Deeds obferved any one 
place to be foe diverfly written and fpelled as this townfhip, as theis 20. diverfities 
fince the booke of Domefdei will declare : As Eweley, Vley, Ewly, Euwely, 
Euweley, Ewelye, Heuweley, Iweley, Iwely, Iowley, Iveley, Yweley, Yweleigh, 
Youlay, Yevele, Vly, Vie, Vlee, Vleygh, Vwely, and Eweleg. 

Baffetts manor. 3?n this parifh are two manors, and both ancient, The one called Baffetts 

manor, The other White court : ffirft of the firft, as after. 

But becaufe I canot well in certainty diftinguifh to which of the faid two 

manors divers old deeds which I have read and noted doe belonge, I will in this 

defcription of this parifh firft fet them downe, leavinge it to you in the ripenes of 

See fol : 1. your further knowledges and obfervations to apply them to both manors, or either, 

or to ffreeholds within the parifh, as after alfo will followe. 

GlO begin with Domefdei booke, it hath only two hides of land, which is 8. 
yard land in cornon acceptation at this day ; And this doubtleffe was by kinge 
H. 2, afwell when he was but Duke of Normandy as when hee was after kinge of 
England, granted in the firft of his raigne to Robert the fonne of Harding firft 
Lord of Berkeley and to his heires, which Robert died in 17. H. 2. and Maurice 
his fonne and heire in 1. R. 1. and Robert fonne and heire of the faid Maurice in 
4. H. 3. without iffue, And Thomas was his brother and heire, who died 28. H. 3. 
Nowe in the time of kinge Henry the fecond it was the land of Walter de Iwele, 
and in the time of kinge R. 1. and of kinge John the land of Peter de Iweleia, and 
of Peter yweleye his fonne, who doubtles had not the fame from the faid Robert, 
Maurice, nor Robert; and therfore I am in mine owne opinion compelled to fay, 
That the fame was given to them by the family of the Berkeleys of Dudley, 
betweene the makinge of Domefdei booke and the agreement made at Briftoll in 
the 7 lh of kinge Stephen, betweene the faid Roger Berkeley of Durfley and the 
faid Robert the fonne of Hardinge, by the mediation of kinge Stephen and of 
Henry Duke of Normandy, after kinge, as before appeares ; that hee did the like 
in Draycote and as after in Wainfwell and divers others, as the deeds themfelves 
of thofe lands which I have feene, doe witneffe ; All which time that family of the 
Berkeleis of Durfeley held the whole Manor of Berkeley and all Berkeley herneffe 
in fee farme of the Crowne, as before I have written, fol: 175. 176. 177. And 
after that peace thofe grants foe made were confirmed by the faid Robert the 
fonne of Harding and his heires, to the feoffees and their heires, by feverall deeds, 

Many 



<£toclqi 

Many of which I have alfo feene. And thus doubtles I may fay of divers other 
old freeholds, fuch as Pitcourt in Nybley, and Cromhale, and Bradfton, and Stintef- 
cumbe, and Peers court and Melkefham court in Stintefcumbe, and 
Whofe originall grants (wherby they were firft derived out of the great manor of 
Berkeley) I have not mett withall, nor perhaps will you, as beinge in the length 
of foe many ages perifhed from amongft the writings of men : Alfo the Certificate of 
Roger de Berkeley of Durfley formerly | mentioned in Durfley, fol : 177. which hee 186 
made to Henry the fecond in the 13*? yeare of his raigne, what time hee maryed 
his daughter Matilda (Maude) to the Duke of Saxony, much confirmes the fame, 
with theis and others in Yweleig ats Ewley : which Certificates then made by all 
the great men of moft counties that held of the kinge by knight fervice, beinge 
after collected into one body by Alexander Archdeacon of Salop, is that remarke- 
able booke in the Excheq r called the Red booke at this day. 

3Hl£0 Raphe de Iuley was one of the 8. pledges for the faid Roger de Berkeley 
in the time of king Stephen, that hee fliould keepe the faid Agreement then made 
with Robert the fonne of Harding, who is mentioned after in the faid certificate of 
the faid Roger, made to kinge H. 2. 

23p Deed without date (but temp : R. 1.) Peter de Iweleia granted to Robert 
de Berkeleia, totam terram fuam de Weftcote, in fee : And if the faid Peter could 
not warrant the faid land, then to give him of his land in Iweley to the value 
thereof. 

25p Deed without date, in the time of kinge John, or H. 3. Peter de Yweleye 
granted to Sir Witim Berkeley knight, All his land in ywel, nomine hereditatis, To 
hold of him and his heires, faciendo capitalibus dnis feodi fervicia pdcae terrae debita 
et confueta. 

25p Deed in a 1262. in 47. H. 3. Peter de Ewley granted to Witim Berkeley 
knight and to his heires, all his lands in Ewley, expffinge therein the names of 
divers furlonge and places, Rendringe to the Cheife Lords the fervices accuftomed, 
et regale ferviciu cum accident. 

23p Deed without date, John fonne and heire of the faid Peter of yweley 
granted and confirmed to the faid Sir Witim Berkeley and his heires, All the fore- 
faid lands and tents which hee had in Cowley, To hold to the faid Witim and his 
heires; Which came after to Anfelme Baffett, as followeth in fol : 188. 



1 82 JSJunbrcti of 25crfeclcp 

Carta. £fj£ forefaid Thomas lord Berkeley (brother and heire of Robert who died in 

4. H. 3. without iffue,) by his Deed in hec verba. Sciant pntes et futuri quod ego 
Thomas de Berket dedi conceffi et hac carta mea confirmavi Margaretae filiae meae 
pro homagio et fervicio fuo, Totam medietatem manij mei de Eweleg, et medietatem 
molendini qd habui in eod manio, cum oibus libtatibus et liberis confuetudinibus ad 
medietatem dci manerij ptinentib 9 et cii oibus alijs ptinentijs fuis In wainagijs, bofcis 
et planis, in pratis et pafturis, in fervicijs libero^ hominum et confuetudinarioa, in 
vijs et femitis, in Stagnis et molendinis, in aquis et aquaz curfibus, et in omnibus 
alijs rebus ad medietatem dci manerij ptinentib^ in omnibus locis. Et pterea dedi 
et conceffi dee Margaretae de incremento ad Curiam fibi edificandam in dco manerio, 
vnam virgatam terrae cum omnibus ptinentijs fuis, fctt, illam virgatam terrae qua 
Idonea de Eftgate vidua aliquando de me tenuit ; Quare volo quod dca Margareta 
habeat et teneat totam medietatem dci manerij et medietatem dci molendini, et 
virgata terre pMca cu oibus libertatibus et liberis confuetudinibus ad medietate dci 
Manij ptinentib 9 , et cu oibus alijs ptinen fuis in omnibus locis, de me et de here- 
dibus meis fibi et heredibus fuis de corpore fuo procreatis, libere et quiete bene et in 
187 pace iure | hereditario imperpetuu ; faciendo mihi et heredibus meis dca Margareta 
et heredes fui de corpore fuo procreati, quartam partem fervicij vnius militis, et duas 
fetftas ad hundredum meum de Berket p anu p fe vel per Attornatu ad rationabilem 
fumonicoem, fctt, ad proximu hundredu poft feftum fci Micftis vna fecla, et ad prox 
hundreds poft Hokeday aliam fectam pro oibus fervicijs fecularibus, exaclionibus 
et demandis. Et ego Thomas de Berket et heredes mei dee Margaret et heredibus 
fuis de corpore fuo procreatis tota medietate dci manij et medietate molendini et 
virgata terre prenominata cum oibus lititatib^ et at ptinen fuis contra omnes gentes 
warrantizabim 9 , acquietabim 9 et defendem 9 imppetuum. Et ut haec mea donatio, 
conceffio et cartae huius confirmatio rata fit et ftabilis, figillti meum huic cartae 
appofui. Hijs teftibus, Dno Witto Graffo primogenito, Dnis Ottone filio Witti, 
Henric de Berket, Petro de Stintefcumba, Simon de Ollepenna, Waltero de Burgo, 
Johe de Durefleg, Thoma Maudutt, Nicho Ruffo, Rogero de Camma, Johe de 
Draicote, et alijs. 

2 Carta. 5lnD by another Deed, in haec verba. Sciant pYentes et futuri, quod ego 

Thomas de Berkele dedi conceffi et hac pnti carta mea confirmavi Margarete filie 
mee pro homagio et fervicio fuo, totam medietatem totius manerij mei de Eweleg 
cum oibus ptinen fuis, fctt, totam medietatem totius dnici, tarn in gainagijs 1 quam in 

bofcis 

1 Gainagium — Gainage — Lands held in villanagc, alio the gainage or profit arifing from fuch lands. 
Wainagium, (above) is the fame word in a different form, having the fame lignification. [Ed.] 



€todcp 183 

bofcis et pratis, fcdm rationabilem divitionem, Et totum ferviciu tota* terrarii cum 
oibus fuis ptinen, quas Walterus de fco Jacobo, Adam Stut, Joftes de Ekinton et 
Walterus de cimiterio de me tenuerunt in feodo, In homagijs, in redditibus, Relevijs, 
gardis, et efkeitis, cm oibus alijs fervicijs, quae de pdcis terris exeunt, vel exire 
poterunt. Et preterea totam illam terram cum fuis ptinen quam Ricus le Bele de 
me tenuit, in villanagio, et dcum Ricum cm tota fequela ipius. Item totam illam 
terram cu fuis ptinen quam Robtus Weft de me tenuit in villanagio, et dcm Robtum 
cu tota fequela ipius. Item totam ilia terra cu fuis ptinen quam Adam de la Hulle 
de me tenuit in villanagio, et dcm Adam cu tota fequela ipius. Item totam ilia terra 
cum fuis ptinen quam Walterus Edritch de me tenuit in villanagio et dcm Walterum 
cum tota fequela ipius. Item totam ilia terra cu fuis ptinen quam Rogerus le Weite 
de me tenuit in villanagio, et dcm Rogerum cm tota fequela ipius. Item totam ilia 
terram cu fuis ptinen qua Tomus porcarius de me tenuit in villanagio, et dcm 
Tomum cum tota fequela ipius. Item tota ilia terra cum fuis ptinen quam Margeria 
Mortimer de me tenuit in villanagio, et dca Margeriam cum tota fequela ipius. 
Item totam illam terram cum fuis pertinen quam Spilemannus faber de me tenuit in 
villanagio, et dcu Spilemannu cum tota fequela ipius. Et preterea tota ilia virgata 
terras cu fuis ptinen quam Idonia de Eftgate de me tenuit ad curiam pdcse 
Margaretse edificandam. Et preterea totam medietatem molendini quod habeo in 
eoct manerio. <£>uatC volo qd dca Margareta filia mea heat et teneat tota medietate 
dci man'ij in oibus pMiclis cum oibus libtatibus et liberis confuetudinibus ad medieta- 
tem dci man'ii ptinentib 9 et cum Sibus alijs pertinentijs fuis, in bofcis et planis, in 
pratis et pafturis, in vijs et femitis, in aquis, et in aquarii curfibus, in ftagnis et 
molendinis et in omnibus alijs locis et rebus ad medietatem dci manij ptinentib 9 de 
me et de heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate fibi et heredibus fuis de corpore fuo 
procreatis, libere et quiete, bene et in pace, integre et honorifice imppetuum. 
ffaciendo mihi et heredib 9 meis dca Margareta et heredes fui de corpore fuo pro- 
creati quartam partem fervicij vnius militis, et duas feclas ad hundredum meum de 
2?crftri p aiiii, fctt, ad proximum hundredum poft feftum Sci Micfcis vna fecla, et 
ad proximo hundredu poft Hockday alia fecla pro oibus fervicijs et fecularibus 
demandis. Et ego Thomas de Berket et heredes mei, pMcae Margaretse et heredibus 
fuis de I corpore fuo procreatis totam medietatem dci manerij et medietatem molendini 188 
et virgatam terrae prenominatam ad Curia fibi edificandam, cum oibus libertatibus 
et liberis confuetudinibus ad medietatem dci man'ij ptinentib 9 , et cum oibus alijs 
ptinentijs fuis in oibus locis contra omnes gentes warrantizabim 9 acquietabim 9 et 
defendem 9 imppetuum. Et vt hasc mea donatio conceffio et cartae huius confirmatio 
rata fit et ftabilis, huic cartte figillum meum appofui. Hijs teftibus, Dnis Witto 

Graffo 



1 8 < ^unbrcti of 55crhckp 

Graffo primogenito, Ottone filio Wi, Rico de Cromhale, Petro de Stintefcumba, 
Henric de Berkel, Simon de Oillipenn, Rico de Brumelha, Philippo de Cromhale. 
Nicho Ruffo, Jotle, de Draicote, Rogero de Camma et pluribus alijs. 

Theis two deeds (written both with one hand,) thus made, fhortly after one the 
other, the faid Thomas lord Berkeley in 28. H. 3. died ; About which time as I 
conceive the faid Margaret was maried to Sir Anfelme Baffet knight, who Ihortly 
after purchafed to himfelfe and to the faid Margaret his wife and their heires of the 
before mentioned Sir William Berkeley, All his lands in Vleigh which himfelfe had 
formerly bought of the faid Peter de Ewley, Which Maurice Berkeley fonne of Sir 
William after confirmed, as by the Deed it felfe remaininge with William Baffet 
that nowe is, A°. 1639. which I have read, appeares. And by this purchafe was 
the moity of this manor much enlarged. 

£t)C faid Sir Anfelme Baffett died in 8. E. 1. as by Rot. paten, in 13. E. 1. 
membr. 25. in arce Londini, appeares; And by his faid wife left iffue John and 
Edmond, both of them knights : John died without iffue, and the faid Edmond was 
his brother and heire ; who by I fable his wife, fifter and one of the three coheires 
of one other Edmond Baffet, remaried to Puncherdon, had iffue Symon 

Baffet knight, and died E. 2. which Sir Simon by Maud his fecond wife, (for 

by Elizabeth his firft wife hee had noe iffue,) daughter and coheire of John de 
Button, had iffue John, Maurice, and Edmond Baffet, and died in 37. E. 3 ; whom 
the faid Maud furvived and died in 12. R. 2. Which John was a knight, and the 
yeare before his father died without iffue, As alfo did Maurice : And Edmond their 
brother had iffue John Baffet, who died in 12. H. 6. leavinge iffue Robert Baffet, 
who died in 4. H. 7. leavinge iffue Giles Baffet who died in 35. H. 8. leavinge 
iffue Robert Baffet who died in 16. Eliz. and left iffue Wittm Baffet, who by Jone 
his wife daughter and coheire of John Aihe of Tykenham, had iffue Edward Baffet, 
and died in 38. Eliz. Which Edward Baffet by I fable his wife daughter of Henry 
Ligon, had iffue Wittm Baffet, and died in 44. Eliz. which Wittm fonne of Edward 
died in Jacobi R(\ leavinge iffue Wittm Baffet that nowe is, a° 1639. who in 

Decembr 1632. for theis lands in Vleigh paid to George lord Berkele a Releefe of 
— 25" accordinge to the firft refervacon of the tenure by the 4 l . h part of a knights 
fee ; Howbeit, that fome parts of theis lands by feverall exchanges and fales are 
nowe the inheritances of theis that followe, viz! 

1. Richard Browninge of Durfley by deed dated 20 Aprit. 8. JaC. Rf p r chafed 
in fee of William Baffet, fonne of Edward, fonne of William, one clofe called 

Spratts 



<£toclcp 185 

Spratts containinge 4. acres, next the comon river on the South fide : and one clofe 
in weft feild containinge 2. acres, fhootinge on the faid clofe called Spratts on the 
Southend, in Ewley. 

2. Giles Dancey fonne of Thomas, by Deed dated 4. Junij 8, Jac. Rf, pur- 
chafed in fee to himfelfe and the faid Thomas his father, and to jthe heires of him 
the I faid Giles, one cottage or tenem! called Tetpens containinge halfe an acre, in 189 
Owlpen or Bagpath or one of them. One clofe called Cowleazes cont. 4. acres, 
Overmead, cont. 4. acres., 14 acres of arrable land in the Downefeild and other 
places there. One clofe called Tetpens cont 3. acres next the faid Cowleazes. And 
alfo one other clofe called Tetpens cont alfo 3. acres, at the lower end of the former. 

<H>f this moity and land fomwhat more may bee found in theis Records, viz, 

Rot. finiu in arce Lond. 4. E. 2. membr. 8. wherby I fable Punchardun one 
of the fifters and heires of Edmund Baffett, Nichus Valers and Margaret 
his wife another fifter and heire, and Katherine Bifet the third fifter and 
heire, did their fealties for their purparts of a meffuage and carucate of 
land in Ewley, which the faid Edmond held of the heire of William 
Berkeley of Durfiey the kings ward, by the 16* part of a knights fee. 
Agreeable to the Inquificon. 4. E. 2. 

Inq : 4. H. 7. p\ mortem Robti Baffet. 

Inq : 24. H. 7. p! morte p\lci Robti vpon a Quae plura. — per ferv : mil : 

Inq : 35. H. 8. p! mortem Egidij Baffet. — per ferviciu militare. 

Inq : 16. Eliz. pt morte Robti Baffett. — p fervic mit. 

Compus libertat de Wotton. 12. H. 6, et de manerio de Wotton 14. H. 6. 
— per fervic mil : et in warda Dno. 

Original 4. E. 2. Rot 32. cum Rem thefauf in Sccio. 

Liber Relevio^ loco pdco, in Term Trin 6. et 7. E. 2. 

Court Roll of Wotton 17. April : 16. H. 6. very full.— per fervic mit. 

A Deed in I.E. 4. and divers other excellent evidences to proove both the 
tenure of this land and the difcents, are in the cuftody of the nowe 
William Baffet, which his father fhewed mee in a° 1606. — per fervic 
militare. 

John Trye of Inwoods receiveth (w c . h he in 7° Caroli purchafed with certaine 
grounds called Inwoods of Wittm Trye of Hardwicke his elder brothers fonne,) a 
rent charge of — 40' per Ann, iffuinge out of theis lands or part thereof, created. | 

2 B VOL. Ill 



1 86 J=tonbrct> of SScrhdep 

190 CljC other manor in this parifh of Ewley was from the ancient buildinge of the 

Capitall meffuage or manor houfe, called White Court ; And had two parkes ftored 
with deere belonginge vnto it, called the great parke and little parke, And was the 
other moity or halfe of the entire manor, which the faid Thomas lord Berkeley 
referved to himfelfe when hee made the former guift in taile, to his daughter 
Margaret as aforefaid ; And is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his Caftle 
of Berkeley by halfe a knights fee, and fuite to his hundred court of Berkeley 
from three weekes to three weekes : And vnder the feverall alienations of Sir 
Richard Berkeley in 8° Eliz. is nowe the freehold of almoft 40. men. 

£f)t£ moity alfo or manor called White Court came with the other to the faid 
Lord Robert the fonne of Hardinge by the forefaid grant of kinge H. 2. who had 
iffue Maurice, father of Robert who died in 4. H. 3. without iffue, leavinge Thomas 
his brother and heire, who I fuppofe aliened this moity alfo, becaufe, in the inqueft 
of office found after his death in 28. H. 3. of all the lands hee had at the time of 
his death, it is not mentioned ; nor after the death of Maurice his fonne and heire, 
who died in 8. E. 1. nor of any of their heires ; But what yeare, by whom, or to 
whom, I have not certainly found, or further then the Deeds or Records heereafter 
followinge doe declare ; but thinke it was by the faid Thomas in the time of kinge 
Henry the third. 

A booke of knights fees with the Remembrancer to the lord Tresr in the 
Exchequer in the time of kinge E. 1. compiled of divers Inquificons taken by 
Richard de Rowell and others, faith ; Hobart DC 23mm p ton and Wittm de Bett hold 
feverally of Thomas lord Berkeley two halfe knights fees in Ewley. 

3H iETCD without date, which I have read, with Richard Berkeley of Rancombe 
late of Stoke Gifford, fhewes that Walter Brampton, whofe wife Jone held Vley 
manor in dower, didd Covenant with Bryan Brampton not to alien the faid Manor 
to any other then to him. 

By an Inquificon in 5. E. 2. after the death of Walter de Glouc, it is found 
that hee and Hawifia his wife were feized in fee fimple of the manor of Ewley 
holden of Thomas lord Berkeley, but by what fervice the Jury knowe not, And 
that Walter was his fonne and heire 1 7. yeares old. 

3tltb Rot. Claus. in 5. E. 2. mcmbr. 23. in arce London, fhewes, that the faid 
Hawifia the widowe of Walter de Glouc had affigned for her dower (inter alia) the 

moity 



<£todcp 187 

moity of all his lands and tenements in Iweley in the county of Glouc, valued at — 
f: 15 s 9 d p Ann. 

3Cnt> the Rot. paten 5. E. 2. pars. 1. membr. 4. in arce London, fhewes that 
the kinge owed Gilbert de Clare Earle of Glouc — 3500. mks, for his expenfes in 
the warre againft Scotland, And nowe for payment therof affignes to him divers 
wardfliips as they fall : And (amongft others) | affignes him the cuftody of the I9 1 
body lands and maryage of Walter fonne and heire of Walter de Glouc, who held 
the moity of divers lands and tenements in Iweleigh, extended at — 77 s io 1 ! p ann. 

25p Rot. paten, 7. E. 2. pars. 2. The faid Hawifia was remaried to Walter de 
Bello campo, who held in her right theis lands and tents in Iweleigh. Rot. paten 
15. E. 2. ps. 1. in dorfo. 

3CllD Rot. paten, 9. E. 2. ps. . dorfo. Alienor the widowe of Mathewe the 
fonne of John, arraignes an affife againft Walter de Bello campo and Hawifia his 
wife for divers lands and tents in Vleighe. 

23p a booke of tenures compofed by divers Inquificons in the time of kinge 
E. 1. in the office of the Remembrancer to the lord Tresr in the Exchequer, 
Thomas de Berkeley tenet de rege in Capite, Berkeley, Hame, Alkington, Arling- 
ham, Cowley, Slimbridge, Came, Ewley, Kingfton, Wotton, Cromhall, Afhelworth, 
Almondefbury, et Horefeild, per ferviciu trium militum. 

5CntJ in the fame booke, Robtus de Brampton tenet dimidium feodum in 
Iveley ; Wittus de Bett, dimitt feodum ibm : 

*£n Rot. Claus. A° 6. E. 3. in dorfo, is a Deed inrolled dated 26. mcij a p\T, 
wherby Hawifia late the wife of Walter de Glouc releafed to the Abbot of Eve- 
fliam, All rents actions and demaunds favinge her right and clayme to the manor 
of Iweleigh in the county of Glouc, The Abbot prayinge for the foules of the faid 
Walter and of Walter his fonne. 

3Cltti the fame 6. E. 3. John the fonne of Walter de Glouc arraigned an affife 
againft John Inge for divers lands and tents in Iweleigh. Rot. paten. 6. E. 3. dorfo. 

23p an Inq : vpon a Writ of Ad quod damnum in 16. E. 2. it is found, That 
Hawifia fomtime the wife of Walter de Glouc did give to the Abbot of Evefham 
divers lands in the counties of Glouc and Worcefter : And that over and befides 

the 



J^unbrcD of 25crfericp 

the faid guift, fhee had remaininge to her felfe the manor of yweley in the faid 
county of Glouc, holden of the lord of the caftle of Berkeley, but by what fervices 
the Jury knowe not. 

25p another Inq : vpon the like writ of Ad quod damnum in 17. E. 2. in the 
county of Surrey, it is found that the faid Hawifia fomtime the wife of Walter de 
Glouc gave lands in Surrey to the Abbot of Certefey in the faid county, and that 
befides the lands foe given fhee ftill had remaininge to her the manor of Vweley in 
the county of Glouc, holden of the lord Berkeley by halfe a knights fee, And were 
worth by the yeare — 40 1 '. 

Cf)U.9" ftood this moity or halfe of Vley when the faid Hawifia about the end 
of kinge E. 2. dyed ; Howe the revertion in fee moved or came from the heire of 
the faid Walter de Glouc, by difcent or purchafe, to Margery, maried about 8. E. 3. 
192 to Maurice Berkeley | Bannerett, then of Stoke Gifford, fecond fonne to that Maurice 
lord Berkeley the third of that name, who dyed in the laft of that kinge prifoner in 
the caftle of Wallingford, I have not found : but wife to the faid Maurice Berkeley 
bannerett fhee was in 8. E. 3. as the patent roll of that yeare ps. 2. membr. 38. 
fheweth : wherof hee died-jjejfed in fee the i2 l . h of {February in 21. E. 3. holden 
(faith the Inq : found the fame yeare after his death,) of Thomas lord Berkeley by 
knight fervice: whom the faid Margery his wife furviveth, and dieth about 3. yeares 
after in 25. E. 3. leavinge this manor to bee inherited by Thomas lord Berkeley, 
fonne and heire of the faid Maurice and Margery, then about 16. years old, as by 
Rot. claus. 25. E. 3. membr. 21. And by Rot. finiu. 25. E. 3. membr. 22. in the 
Tower of London appeares. 

CI)C £tliD €f)011ia£ 23crlldcp was vfually written of Vley, and by Katherine his 
wife one of the fifters and coheires of John Bottetort had iffue Maurice Berkeley, 
and died in 35. E. 3, As by the Inq : found after his death that yeare, and by Rot. 
claus. 35. E. 3. mem : 2. 3. 7. And by Rot. finiu. 35. E. 3. mem : 4. et 5. appeares, 
feifed of this manor of Vie, holden of Maurice lord Berkeley by knight fervice, 
leavinge the faid Maurice his fonne and heire then 3. yeares old : whom the faid 
Katherine his wife furvived, after remaried to Sir John de Thorpe; which Katherine 
died in 1 1. R. 2. As by Inq : in 11. R. 2. found after her death ; And by Rot. finiu. 
11. R. 2. mem : 12. And 12. R. 2. membr. 19. and 37. E. 3. mem : 8. appeares. 

C|)C faid Maurice Berkeley, was alfo written of Vley, and died in 2. H. 4. 
leavinge Johane his wife groffem! enfeint, who is fhortly after delivered of a fonne 

called 



<£toclcp 1 89 

called Maurice, whom, for diftinclion fake, I will call Pofthumus Maurice ; which 
Jone dyed in 13. H. 4. As by two Inquificons in 9. et 10. H. 5. after her death, 
appeares. 

Cf)C faid pofthumus Maurice Berkeley by Ellen his wife had iffue William, 
and dies in 4. E. 4. feized of this manor of Vley holden of William Lord Berkeley 
in Capite, as by Inq : after his death appeares, whom the faid Ellen furvives. 

Qfyc faid William Berkeley fonne of Pofthumus Maurice, maried Anne, and 
was attainted of Treafon in 1. H. 7. then feized of this Manor of Ewley, touchinge 
whom A record in the Exchequer in the office of the Remembrancer to the lord 
Treaforer in Michas terme 27. Eliz. Rot. 108. pleaded by the purchafers of that 
manor of Sir Richard Berkeley, in difcharge of a tenure by knight fervice in Capite 
of the Queene, preffed againft them, vz, Thomas Dorney, Chriftopher Dorney, 
Thomas Payne, Rich : Payne, Thomas Pegler, Giles ffrench, Giles Browninge, 
Chriftopher Sparke, Chriftopher Dancey, John Dauncey, John Parflowe, Thomas 
Jocham, and John Hill, fhall thus informe ; That the faid William Berkeley beinge 
feized in fee of this manor of Vley, was in 1. H. 7. | attainted of treafon, and after 193 
by an other act of parliam! in ri. H. 7. that act of 1. H. 7. was made void, except 
for the Lres patents and grant made by the kinge of this and other manors, to his 
vnckle Jefper Earle of Pembroke, after Duke of Bedford, and the heires males of 
his body : And that after the faid Dukes death without iffue male, the kinge fhouid 
have the faid lands for his life, And that a former grant made by the kinge in the 
4'! 1 yeare of his raigne to the faid William Berkeley of certaine of his lands for his 
maintenance, fhouid bee void ; That the faid Duke dyed fhortly after without iffue 
male of his body, And that the faid William alfo dyed in 16. H. 7. And that 
Richard Berkeley was his fonne and heire, whom that kinge by his Lres patents 
the fame yeare reftored to this and all other his manors and lands, To hold as 
before and of old hee held them; which for this Manor (faith this record) was of the 
lord Berkeley by knight fervice, As by an Inq : in 21. E. 3. found after the death 
of Maurice Berkeley Banneret, appeareth : And that the faid Richard Berkeley 
died in 5. H. 8, And John was his fonne and heire who died t,7- H. 8. leavinge iffue 
Richard Berkeley his fonne and heire, Who all held this manor of the lord Berkeley 
by knight fervice as is aforefaid : And that the faid Richard afterwards, by good 
affurance in the lawe, conveyed this manor to the vfe of them and their feverall 
heires. Vpon which plea a confeffion of the Atturney generall and Judgement of 
the Court is had, and they difmiffed. 

IDfjicJ) 



190 ^unbtxb of 25crhricp 

IDtllCl) conveyance of the faid Richard Berkeley (needfull to bee knowne) is to 
this effecl: ; That by his feverall Deeds indented dated in or about the firft of Aprill 
a° 8° Eliz. hee granted to each of the faid purchafors all their lands in perticuler, 
boundinge each parcell ; And to each of them fuch comon as they were to enioy, 
And to each in comon by vndivided parts part of the ftreets lanes highwaies and 
waft grounds ; And to each of them part of the cheife rents and fervices which fix 
or more freeholders paid for lands they held of this manor lyinge in Vley, Bagpath, 
and Oldpen ; Togeather with all fuch liberties and franchifes as himfelfe had in 
thofe townfhips or places : And in his faid Conveyances referved the fome of fforty 
pounds payable yearely to him and his heires from the faid purchafers, which was 
fomwhat more then before hee received for the rent of his wholl manor : wherin 
alfo provifion is made for a Reeve or officer to gather vp and pay to him the faid 
— 40 1 ! which — 40 1 ! his grandchilde Richard Berkeley that nowe is after fold to John 
Purnell of Woodmancote, who havinge fold — 15? p ann therof to Thomas Dancey 
a freeholder there, left the refidue to William Purnell his yonger fonne, who of late 
hath fold it to Thomas Daunt of Oldpen aforefaid, a village adioyninge, and to his 
heires. 

ffrom which 13. originall purchafers this manor foe fold by Sir Richard Berkeley 
is nowe the inheritance of theis — 

Thomas Dorney the yonger, fonne of John Dorney, who died — | 

X g4 Thomas Dorney th'elder fonne of Richard holds, which by Deed dated 30° 

Augufti. 11. Jacobi hee purchafed of John Webb ats Wilkens and of Martha his 
wife, One meffuage in Vley with a clofe of pafture called Bradley containinge one 
acre, and 3. acres of arrable land in Nether feild, Weft feild and Hidefeild, each 
one acre; which Thomas Payne father of the faid Martha, by his will dated 12. 
Aprit 4. Jac. p&, bequeathed to her in fee, refervinge a rent charge of 5* p ann out 
of the fame. 

Michaell Payne fonne of 

John Manninge 

Thomas Dorney fonne of Michaell holdeth a meffuage and halfe a yard land, 
containinge about 40. acres, for which hee was in ward to George lord Berkeley, 

who 



<£toricp 1 9 1 

who by his Deed dated 3. nicij 20. Jacobi, granted his wardfhip to Thomas Pointz 
then hufband to the fifter of the wards mother, as by the Deed thereof appeareth ; 
which Michaell Dorney was the fourth fonne of Thomas Dorney the elder by his 
fecond wife, and had the fame by conveyance from his faid father, And hee from 
his brother Chriftopher Dorney, who was one of the purchafers of S r Richard 
Berkeley as aforefaid fol : 192. 

John Parfloe fonne of 
Wittm Smyth 
Withn Dancey 
Richard Dancey 

Anthony Hill, fonne of igc 

Thomas Peglar fonne of Thomas Peglar the purchafer mentioned in the fore- 
faid exchequer Record before in fol : 192. 193. to have byn one of the purchafers 
of Sir Richard Berkeley, And who died in 14. Rf Jacobi, holdeth three meffuages 
and 100. acres of land in Vley. 

John Wood 



Thomas ffrench, fonne of Thomas, who died in 6. Jac. Rf , holdeth about 62. 
acres of land, which Gyles his father purchafed of Sir Richard Berkeley as afore- 
faid lol : 192. mentioned in the Exchequer pleadings there expreffed. 

William Payne 



Richard Whittard, by deed dated 2 Decembr. 39. Eliz. purchafed of Thomas 
Dangerfeild a meadowe ground called Roxford, 4. acres of arrable called Lay knap; 
3. acres and an halfe of wood called the Ley wood, with a houfe and garden in 
Vley ; To hold for 1000 yeares vnder the yearly rent of — I2 d 

Thomas 



192 i^unbrco of 2$crftricp 

Thomas Points 

John Browninge, fonne of John Browninge of Cowley who dyed in 4'.° Caroli, 
fonne of Richard, holdeth 4. acres of meadowe in whitney and a meadowe in 
Cowley called Moore mead containinge 4. acres, parcell of the manor or capitall 
meffuage called Whitecourt in Vley, of the caftle of Berkeley by knight fervice : 
Soe found by Inquificon in a . 4" Regis Caroli pd. 

John Purnell | 
ig6 Richard Browninge 

William Baffet Ef<% 
Thomas Daunt gent 
John Pegler of ffrocefter. 

Henry Dancey th'elder. 

William Harper 

Walter Woodward 

Ifaac Smyth | 



197 «Tf}C name of this towne feemes not vnprobably to bee compounded, (as divers 

Name. otner [ n tn ; s hundred are,) of Ewe, which in french is water, and lei or lega w ch in 
the Saxon tongue is water or place ; ffor fweeter fprings and a fweeter ftreame both 
rifinge and running through the wholl towne is rarely to bee found. 

3?n 






<£tockp 193 

3fn the promontary of a fteep hill or mount at the vtter edge thereof in this Campe. 
parifh is an ancient fortreffe or campe, doubly trenched, very large, which as tradi- 
tion heere goeth (true or falfe I knowe not,) was caft vp by Earle Goodwyn as hee 
marched from Beverftan with his army towards Glouc, where kinge Edward called 
the Confeffor then abode with a like Army ; betweene whom at that time battell 
was feared, but compofed by the mediation of the great Lords and prelates then 
adheringe to either party. 

3ft hath byn often credibly affirmed to mee by divers credible men, That heere Great tooth, 
was digged vp or found a mans tooth three inches fquare, which vntill within 40. 
yeares laft was kept by the family of the Baffetts in the parlor windowe of their 
manfion houfe heere, as a wonder of mankinde ; which my incredulity is as vnapt 
to beleive as the Legend of Lyes. 

<£>{ the Reclory or Church the kinge is patron, which came to the Crowne by Church, 
the fuppreffion of the Monaftery of S' Peter in Glouc, in 31. H. 8. James Dalton 
is Incumbent ; valued in the office of the firft fruits at 12 1 '/ p anfi. 

3'n the cofnon pleas at Weftm in Trin terme 6. H. 3. Rot. r. in dorfo rotuli, is 
entred an affife brought by Peter of Euleigh againft the Abbot of Glouc for the 
advowfon of this church of Ewleigh, wherin the faid Peter de Ewleigh makes his 
clayme as heire to his father, who laft prefented : The Abbot makes his title from 
the grant of kinge Henry the Second to his priory of Stanley, who had only a 
pention of a marke out of it. Peter replies That kinge Henry the fecond had not 
any thinge in the church, nor in the land where the church is : Soe refteth the 
Record. 

£t)C payment of the ffifteene or kingfilver when it is granted by pliam!, goeth ffifteene. 
with Woodmancote vnder one and the fame fofne. The onus or charge of both 
townfhips togeather, is — -3 lL 14 s y d . The deduction is 10' 8 d The Remanet paid into 
the Exchequer for both, is — 3 1 ! 3 s ii d 

*J[n the laft Subfedy in 5'? Caroli were in this parifh of Ewley 15 fubfedy men Subfedy. 
who then paid — 4'!' 16 s 

Of able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, in 6'? Jacobi, Able men. 
which appeared before Henry lord Berkeley Lord Leiutenant of this county, 
were- 56 

m 

2 C VOL. Ill 



i94 J^unbrcb of 25rrkricp 

Souldiers. <£>f trayned Souldiers vnder Edw: Stephens Efq, their captaine are , 

wherof mufketteers, and pikes. 

Rates. 9tnD if the Divifion of Berkeley accompted a fourth part of the (hire bee rated 

in any tax for kinge or comonwealth at — ioo'V then this hundred of Berkeley paies 
thereof t,^ 1 : 3* And this towne of Ewley — 20' And foe after that rate, bee the taxe 
more or leffe. | 

198 jfrccfjolD? within this parifh of Ewley, not formerly 

mentioned ; viz', 
Dancies land. £{j f noble family of the 23rrkdci£ Of DttrC^Itp had faire lands both in demefne 

and in fervice in this parifh of Ewley, anciently in time of the Conqueror and longe 
after holden of them, As before in the defcription of Came and Durefley fol : 123. 
175. hath appeared: The greateft part wherof came to Edmond Baffett, whofe 
office after his death in 4. E. 2. fhewes his dyinge feifed (inter alia) of a Meffuage 
and a carucate of land in Ewley, holden of the heire of William Berkeley of Durefley 
by the fixteenth part of a knights fee: And that Ifable Punchardoun, Margaret the 
wife of Nicholas de Valers, and Katherine Bifet, are his fifters and heires : With 
which office agreeth the record of Original a" 4. E. 2. Rot. 32. in fccio cum Rem 
thefaur : and alfo the booke of Releefes inter fines Teriii Triii. 6. E. 2. And the 
fame booke in a°. 7. E. 2. in the faid Office in the Exchequer. 

Part of this land is nowe the inheritance of William Dancey of Ewley, fonne of 
Thomas, fonne of John, fonne of Giles Dancey, whofe anceftor maried the daughter 
See fol. 231. and heire of Arras, who was heire to Attekins, who purchafed them of the 

faid Ifable Punchardoun, as the deeds in the cuftody of the faid Wittm Dancey 
which I have read doe fliewe. Another part of this land which fell to Margaret 
the wife of Nicholas de Valers, in Came and Cowley, was in her widowhood fold to 
Thomas lord Berkeley the third of that name in 1 1. 13. et 14. E. 2. as the deeds of 
the purchafe thereof in Berkeley caftle doe fliewe ; As alfo doth the Accompt of the 
Manor of Came then made by the Reeve therof. at that time. And the third part 
which fell to Katherine Bifet in this parifh of Ewley, is nowe the inheritance of 



Stoutfhill place 3MfifO in this parifh of Ewley is one other ancient ffreehold called Stowtefliill ats 

Stoutefhill place, with about 46. acres of land therto belonginge ; A name taken 
from the family of the Stuts, or Stouthills, ancient owners therof; Of whom Adam 

Stut 



Ctortep 195 

Stut is mentioned in the fecond deed made by Thomas lord Berkeley to Margaret 
his daughter, wherin (inter alia) hee granted to her the fervices of the faid Adam ; 
In which name it continued till towards the end of kinge Henry the fixth ; The 
next I finde owner of this land was John Davis of Durfley, whofe office is after 
his death in 27 H. 8. who entayled the fame vpon his daughter Anne maried to 
Edward Baffett, who had iffue John Baffet, who fold the fame to Wittm Auguftine 
ats Auften, father of Benedict ats Bennet, who died in 37. Eliz. father of Giles 
Auften that nowe is, holden by him, as himfelfe faith, of George lord Berkeley as 
of his I Manor of Came, by the yearly rent of — 4*! paid to his Reeve of that manor, 199 
and by fute to his hundred court of Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes, 
but whether in Socage or by knights fervice, I knowe not. Of this land fee a fine 
levied in Hillary terme 18. R. 2. by John Stoutefhill. 

f&CttC alfo is another ancient ffreehold the inheritance of IViHm Selewin fonne Selwins land ats 
of Jefper Selewine Efq v now in the occupacon of James ffourds ats Harper, 
fonne of John, fonne of Wittm, fonne of James ffourds ats Harper, ancient leffees 
therof ; fomtime the land of Edward Twifell, who by his will devifed this land. to 
Jone his daughter in fee, maried to Atkinfon, As an office found after her death in 
i° Eliz. fheweth ; wherby the tenure is faid to bee of M r . Wittm Baffetts manor 
in Socage : Howbeit, hee doth fute for this land to the Court of the lord Berkeleys 
hundred of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, And by payment of — 1? cheife 
rent to his reeve of his manor of Came : And payeth alfo as a rent fecke 

to the faid William Baffett : ffor which fee an Inq : in Caroli, found after the 

death of the faid Jefper Selewine. 1 

Co: roll of Came, 43. Eliz. Wittm Selwyn de Stanley died feifed of a meffuage 
and divers lands in Vley late Twyffells 2 : Rent — i d Rich : Selwin is fonne and 
heire, but the lands come by conveyance to Jefper a younger fonne of the faid 
Wittm Selwin. 

"?Uso in this parifh are two meffuages called nether houfe and Whitings, with Dornies land. 
divers lands to them belonginge, now the inheritance of Thomas Dorney thelder, 

fonne 

1 Jafper Selwyn, of Matfon, died 1634, and was buried there. Will proved at Gloucefter. 

a William Selwyn, of Stanley S* Leonards, mar. Elizabeth, daughter of John Twyfell, of Kingftanley, 
(fon of John and grandfon of Hugh Twyfell ?) and had iflue Richard, father of another William Selwyn, 
father of Jafper above mentioned. — See Pedigree of Selwyn, Trans : Briftol and Glouceflerfhire Archaeol. 
Society, Vol. II., pp. 278, 280. [Ed.] 

2 C 2 



1 96 i^unbrcD of SScrhricp 

fonne of Richard ; holden of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, which by the 
diffolucon of the monaftery of Brodftocke in the County of Wilts, came to kinge 
H. 8. And by aliened to 

About which, through the difficulty of diftinguifhinge them 
from other freehold lands holden of the caftle of Berkeley by knights fervice, futes 
in lawe longe continued betweene the Dornies brothers of the halfe bloud, till 5" 
Jacobi, when by my mediation they were ended. And theis lands were given to 
that monaftery by Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that name, as in the hiftory of 
his life I have elfwhere written ; ffor which alfo fee Rot. carta^. 16. H. 3. membr. 6. 
And alfo for theis lands fee an Inq : 20. Eliz. after the death of Thomas Dorney 
th'elder ; And Michas ffines, 26. Eliz : Rot. 52. in fc a cio, pro Relevio pMci Thome 
Dorny. 

Ellonds land 3CI$0 in this parifh is one other ancient freehold, the inheritance of Richard 

nowe rowmngs. g rown j n g e f Durfley, purchafed by him of John Browninge of Cowley, elder 

brother of the faid Richard, fonnes of Richard Browninge, who purchafed the fame 

of Ellond, holden of the manor of Ewley in foccage by the yearly rent 

of — 10' I 

200 Somwhat more touchinge the manor of Ewley and the lands therin, not 

formerly mentioned, is to bee read in theis Records, viz', 

Inq : 5. H. 8. p' morte Rici de Berkeley. 

Inq : 37. H. 8. p' morte Johis de Berkeley. 

Michas Rec. 22. E. 3. Rot. 23. in Sccio. 

Inq : 2. H. 4. p' mortem Mauricij de Berkeley. 

Pafch : rec. 14. E. 4. Rot. 5. in Sccio. 

Original. 16. H. 7. Rot. 48. cm Rem thefaur in fccio. 

Record. 23. H. 7. Rot. 17. in fccio ibm. 

Michas rec. 8. H. 8. Rot. 40. ibm. 

Original, 22. H. 8. Rot. 39. ibm. 

Original, 6. E. 6. Rot. 44. ibm. 

Inq : 2. Jacobi, p' morte Johis Dorny. 

Inq : 3. Jac. p' morte pdci Johis Dorny fup Melius inquirend. 

Inq : 4. Regis Caroli pt morte Johis Browninge. — per fervic militare. 

Diverfi fines in banco, in Term Mictiis. 9. et. 10. Eliz. | 

tfilton 



tfilton 197 

Silton. 

ffilton, tl\$ ffilfon Ct tjap : written alfo ffelton : A townfhip not mentioned in the 
booke of Domefdei, but went vnder the name of Horfeld, wherof fee fol : 233. 

3flt this village are fix meffuages, parcell at this day of the poffeffions of the 
Bifhoppricke of Briftoll erecled in 34. H. 8, whereof read before in Cromhale, and 
were parcell of the lands belonginge to the Monaftery of S! Auguftine by Briftoll 
where the Bifhops feate is ; And were (amongft other lands) given by Robert the 
fonne of Harding when in the time of kinge Stephen hee founded that monaftery, 
as formerly, in Almondfbury Cromhale and other places hath byn written. But in 
what parifh theis 6 meffuages doe lye, queftion of late yeares hath byn moved 
amongft the inhabitants themfelves, which I determine not. 

Che Bifhop beinge Lord alfo of Horfeild, adioyninge, draweth thefe fix 
houfholds to his Leet or Lawday of Horfeild, who are reputed a little manor 
of themfelves. 

CIjC other part of this village is at this day the inheritance of Wittm Baldwine 
of London, draper : whofe father Witim Baldvvyn was by Inq : in 19° Jacobi, found 
to dye feifed of the manor of ffilton, holden of the kinge by knight fervice, but not 
in Capite, And the faid Wittm to bee his fonne and heire. 

<JTt)i£ little manor confifteth of 8 houfholds, who are within the great Leet or 
Lawday of the hundred of Berkeley, wherat at Berkeley they appeare twice in the 
yeare and prefent all thofe things which to a Leet appertaineth ; wherin the coirion 
pound ftandeth, and wherto the waft grounds doe belonge ; And the orders and 
Bilawes and prefentments of theis 8. or of this little manor, rule and order the 
other fix, who are bound by what theis doe, as all the 45. yeares of my beinge 
Steward hath byn accuftomed ; And appeare therat by the name of the Tithingman 
and Tithinge of ffilton and Hay ; As for that part called Hay only one houfe is 
nowe ftandinge theron, (the reft decayed,) the inheritance of Mallet Efq, 

of in Sonifetfhire. 

<£t)C faid Wittm Baldwyne the father of Wittm, purchafed this manor of John 
Younge, and hee of Richard Revill fonne of Revill. 



198 J^unDcrti of 55crfericp 

Church. £jj e Chaple of ffilton is within the Deanry of Briftoll, and the mother church 

therto is — ; But of this fee more in Horfeild fol : 233. 

ffifteene. CJ)C paym! of the ffifteene or Kingfilver when it is granted by parliam' goeth 

with Horfeild, in one fonie, which is — 3 1 ! 10? 6 d c^- paid into the Exchequer by the 
Collector thereof. 

Subfedy fjn the laft Subfedy in 5'.° Caroli were in this wholl village 1 1 . fubfedy men, 

who paid the kinge — 3 1 ! 4^ 

Able men. <£)f able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, were in a° 6. Rf 

Jacobi, which then appeared at a generall mufter before the lord Leiuten' of this 
county, — 18. 

Souldiers. <£>f trayned fouldiers vnder Thomas Chefter Efq^ their captaine now are 

Rates. 3£no if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley, accompted a 4'. h part of the Sheire bee 

rated in any tax for kinge or coinon wealth at ioo 1 '. Then this hundred of Berke- 
ley paies thereof — 33 1 ! 3* And this townlhip of ffilton — 15? 

Cilftc the reft that concerneth this village, as I have obferved the Records 
mentioninge it. | 

202 25p patent roll in the Tower of London, 27. E. 1. in dorfo, Elias de ffilton 

arraigned an affife againft the Abbot of Si Auguftine neere Briftoll, for coinon of 
pafture there ; And by the fame roll feemes to bee either Lord or a freeholder in 
Horfeild. 

2$p Inq : in' 4. R. 2. after the death of Edmund Blunt, it is found That hee 
held the day that hee died ioyntly with Margaret his wife, who furvived, the moity 
of the manor of ffilton (inter alia) by the guift of Thomas fit^-Nicholl and Margery 
his wife, holden of Reginald de Cobham in right of Alienor his wife, by knight 
fervice, And that \V m Blunt is his fonne and heire. 



By Rot. claus. in the tower in 7. R. 2. mem : 22. vpon a Non intromittendo to 
the kings efcheator, it is recited, That wheras Edmund Blunt deceafed held ioyntly 
with Margaret his wife the moity of the manor of ffilton, by the guift of Sir 

Thomas 



45osfington 199 

Thomas fit3 nichol and of Margery his wife, which is not holden of the kinge, 
Therfore the faid Efcheator fhould deliver the faid moity (inter alia) to the faid 
Margarett. 

By Inq : the fame 7. R. 2. vpon a writ of Ad quod damnum, it was found, 
That befides other manors entailed by Sir Thomas fit5 nichol there remained to 
him the moity of the manors of ffilton and Harry ftoke, holden of Reginald Cobham 
by knight fervice, as in right of Alienor his wife. 

In Berkeley caftle is a Court roll A° 11. H. 4. which fhewes that Elias de 
ffilton, fonne of Ralph de ffilton, was then lord therof. 

Inq : 6. H. 5. after the death of Sir Thomas fit3 nichol, fhewes that hee held 
the manors of ffilton and Stokehenry of the lord of Berkeley, but by what fervice 
the Jury knew not : And that Katherine the wife of Robert Pointz, and John fonne 
of John Browninge and of Alienor his wife, are afwell heires to the faid Sir Thomas 
as to Margery his wife, vz, the faid Katherine and Margery, daughters and co- 
heires to them both. 

Inq : 8. H. 5. after the death of John fonne and heire of John Browning findes 
that hee dyed feifed of the manors of ffilton and Harry Stoke holden of the lord 
Berkeley, but by what fervice the Jury knew not, And that Wirlm was his brother 
and heire, 20. yeares old. 

Inq : 32. H. 6. findes, That Willelma fomtime the wife of John Blunt held for 
her life the manor of ffilton, (inter alia) of the heire of Alienor Scryvet deceafed, 
but by what fervice the Jury knewe not : And that Edmund Blunt was her fonne 
and heire. 

See alfo the record of Michas terme, 20. H. 6. Rot. 41. in fcio, cm Remem 
Thefaur. | 

(Sosmgton. 203 

<*5o£ington a\$ 43ostfinton : In Domefdei booke written Gofintune, wherin 
William called the Conqueror had 4. hides of land in demefne, lyinge within the 
parifh of Slimbridge, the inheritance of George lord Berkeley and efteemed as 
parcell of his Barony of Berkeley, holden of the Crowne by knight fervice in capite. 



loo J^unorcD of 23crhclcp 

<Thl a hamblet or village of Gofington is at this day reputed parcell of the 
manor of Slimbridge, but of old was not foe : ffor this of Gofington was part of 
the great manor of Berkeley, as the booke of Domefday apparantly fheweth ; And 
then was the land of William the Conqueror, And before him of kinge Edward 
called the Confeffor, and of kinge Harold, and before them of the Abbeffe and 
Nunnes of Berkeley : And that of Slimbridge was the land of the family of the 
Berkeleis of Durfley from longe before the Conqueft, vntill the agreement made at 
Briftoll in the time of kinge Stephen betweene Roger Berkeley of Durfley and 
Robert the fonne of Harding, and the double mariage of their children that 
followed therevpon, wherby this of Slimbridge was granted in fee to Maurice fonne 
and heire of the faid Robert, and to Alice his wife, daughter of the faid Roger 
Berkeley of Durfley, wherof fee before in Durfley, fol : 175. And in Slimbridge, 
fol : 325. But this of Gofington and that of Slimbridge havinge almoft ever fince 
gone togeather, this hath byn and is reputed parcell of that other, And was of 
larger extent then nowe by moft it is reputed to bee ; which Agreement fee after 
verbatim, in Slimbridge. fol. 325 pit. 

ffrom which Robert the fonne of Hardinge, (who had this hamblet amongft 
many others by the grant of kinge H. 2. in the firft of his raigne,) and dyed in the 
1 7 th of the fame kinge, this hamblet difcended to the faid Maurice his fonne and 
heire, who by the confent of Robert his fonne and heire, as the deed fpeaketh. 
towards the end of the faid kings raigne, gave the fame by the name of the moity 
of all his land of Goffington to Wittm his 4 th fonne and his heires, To hold by the 
4'! 1 part of a knights fee. And afterwards by a fine levied in 7. R. 1. had from 
the faid Robert his eldeft brother, the other moity of this Goffington, in exchange 
for his land in Portbury in the county of Somfet, wherby the faid William became 
feifed of this wholl hamblet or village ; The deed wherof remaininge in the caftle 
of Berkeley, is in theis words ; 

Maur de Berket, omnibus hominibus fuis et amicis, fattm. Sciatis quod ego 
dedi et conceffi, et hac mea carta confirmavi, Witto filio meo pro fervicio fuo, medie- 
tatem totius terre mee de Gofinton, Tenendam et habendam fibi et heredibus fuis 
de me et heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate, cum omnibus ptinentijs fuis. in 
pratis et pafturis, et omnibus alijs libertatibus et liberis confuetudinib 9 ad terra ilia 
ptinentib 9 , libere et quiete integre et honorifice per ferviciu quartae ptis vnius militis 
mini et heredibus meis faciend ; Et hoc feci confenfu et affenfu Roberti filij mei, et 
heredis mei ; Et vt haec mea donatio et conceffio firma fit et ftabilis, Earn pfenti 

fcripto 



43o£ington 

fcripto et figillo meo confirmavi ; T. hijs, Witt Laud Epo, Jofie Abbate Sci 
Auguftini, Galfr Priore Lanthon, Witto Comite Sarreburr, Magro Maur, Magro 
Petro de Par, Reginald capellan, Walter Capellafi, Adam de Santm, Henric Eia 
frib 9 fuis, J one de Cogan, Bernardo de Stan, Rico de Cofrull, Witto de Morevitt, 
Maur fit Nigelli. 

The faid Maurice died in i. R. i. as by the great Roll in the pipe office 2. 3. 
et 4. R. 1. And by the confirmacbn of R. 1. in the firfl of his raigne, made to 
Robert his fonne and heire, appeareth. | 

Which fyne alfo betweene the faid Robert and Wittm his brother levyed in ^ 
a 7 R. 1. is in theis words, Glouc et Somerfet : Inter Wittm de Berkelai petentem, 
et Robertum de Berkelai tenentem, frem fuum, de feodo dimidij militis in Portberi, 
et de quarta parte feodi vnius militis in Gofington, &c. fcit, qd idem Wittus quietum 
clamavit totm ius fuum pYato Roberto et heredibus fuis, qd habuit in ilia terra de 
Portberi, tali modo, quod fi idem Robtus de Berkelai fine herede decefferit de vxore 
fibi difponfata, rediet pMca terra de Portberi prenoiato Witto et heredibus fuis, fi 
fupervixerit ; Et pro hac, &c. idem Robertus de Berkelai reddidit ei(t Witto et 
heredibus fuis medietatem de Gofington, quam Mauricius pater eorum tenuit in 
dominio (dominico) die qua fuit vivus et mortuus, pro quarta parte feodi vnius 
militis in Gofington, de qua parte idem Wittus facit prenominato Roberto homagium 
Preterea convenit inter eos, qd fi idem Wittus fine herede de vxore fibi difponfata 
decefferit, ipfa terra de Gofington redijt prefato Roberto et heredibus fuis imper- 
petuum. Which fine is the firft that I have mett withall of any land in this hundred, 
And by miftakinge is filed in the bundle of Comitat Dorfett, in the Treafury, in the 
Abby church at Weftrn. 

And this fine feemes well explained by the great Roll in the pipe office in 
9. R. 1. where this Wittm de Berkelai paid the kinge — 4 1 ' 18' for this 4 1 ! 1 part of this 
knights fee in Gofington. 

Zi\l& Wittm, who was a knight, had iffue (as by fome Deeds which I have 
feene, if not counterfeit, appeared,) Ida maried to John de Cave, who had iffue 
Ifarda maried to Robert Brail, father of Robert, father of I fable maried to Richard 
Stapleton, who had iffue Helena maried to Roger de Gofington ; which thus farre 
of the faid Wittms difcent, I fufpect ; But certaine it is which nowe followeth ; 
That the faid Roger de Gofington had iffue Roger who died about 12. E. 2. leav- 

inge 

2 D VOL. Ill 



^unorrti of 23crhcicp 

inge John his fonne and heire within age, whofe wardfhip for body and lands 
Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that name by Deed in Berkeley caftle in 
14. E. 2. granted to Roger Archer, which grant alfo is proved by one other deed 
in 9. E. 3. in the faid caftle of Berkeley vnder 2. feales, which faith That Gofington 
is within the manor of Came. 

The faid John de Gofington died without iffue, and Reginald was his brother 
and heire ; who leaft iffue Henry, father of Thomas Gofington, which Thomas and 
Jone his wife about 17. H. 6, aliened the fame to James Venables and his heires ; 
ffrom Venables the fame came to fforifter and his co-feoffees about 11. E. 4. And 
from fforifter and his co-feoffees to John Tame of ffairford about 11. H. 7. And from 
Thomas Tame and Jone his wife by deed in 29. H. 8. to John Bridgman and Wittm 
his fonne, And by a fine the yeare after levied in Michas terme 30. H. 8. by the 
faid Thomas Tame and Jone his wife, and Edmond Home, and Elizabeth his wife 
to John Bridgman and Witim his fonne and their heires, by the name of the manor 
of Gofington and of divers lands in Gofington, Slimbridge, Arlingham, Came, 
Cowley, Hurft, and Hame, in the county of Glouc'; wherof fee more before in 
Arlingham, fol : 60. in Hedges land, late Bridgmans. 

And the faid Wittm Bridgman fonne of John, in 3. E. 6. fold the fame to 
ffrancis Codrington, By whofe death in 4. et 5. Ph : & Mar the fame difcended 
to Gyles Codrington his fonne and heire, who dyinge in 23. Eliz. left it to ffrancis 
205 Codrington his fonne and heire, who dyed | the yeare after his father without iffue 
male, wherby it came to Richard Codrington his brother and heire male, which 
Richard in 40. Eliz : fold the fame to Wittm Tracy and his heires ; which Witim 
Tracy in 43. Eliz. fold the fame to Godfrey Goldifborrowe then bifhop of Glouc, 
with whom, for the better fatisfaclion of the faid Bifhop, the faid Richard Codrington 
ioyned in the affurance ; The Bifhop died at Glouc the 26'. h of May in the fecond 
yeare of the raigne of kinge James, leavinge John Goldifborrowe his fonne and 
heire, then 19. yeares and 5. monthes old ; whofe education and goverment the 
Bifhop by his will dated 24 Augufti, i° Jacobi, (proved in the Arches at London,) 
coinitted to Robert Hill, Clerke, then parfon of Tredington and after Archdeacon 
of this county, and to others, vntill his faid fonne John ihould attaine his age of 
21. yeares ; Againft which Robert Hill who only medled in the education and with 
the eftate of the faid John, Henry lord Berkeley in a° 3 Jacobi, brought his accon 
of Ravifhment del gard, And vpon a longe and well defended tryall at the Affifes 
holden at Glouc the 2 2 ,h of July A° 3™ Jacobi, before Yelverton and Williams 

Judges, 



<*3ostinoton 

Judges, recovered four hundred marks damages, wherat my felfe was prefent : 
Againft which triall in the terme followinge as much was faid by the def: counfell 
in arreft of Judgement as lay in the power of Art or learninge, but prevailed not : 
which is entred in the Court of Coiiion pleas in Eafter terme a° 3 d0 Jacobi, Rot. 745. 
Shortly after, the faid Henry lord Berkeley brought another accon againft Witfm 
Clutterbooke the Bifhops and Archdeacons leffee for years for the meane profitts of 
the land, and had Judgement to recover ; And vpon a writt to enquire of damages 
the Jury gave — 60 1 '. As by the record therof in the kings bench in Hillary Terme 
3° Jacobi p\T Rot. 171. appeareth : The writ alfo to enquire of damages is filed of 
Trinity terme followinge, A° 4'° Jacobi. Soe that I hold my felfe fully warranted 
to fay that this manor land or farme of Gofington is holden of George lord Berkeley 
as of his manor of Berkeley by the 4'. h part of a knights fee, fute to his hundred 
court of Berkeley from 3. weeks to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — 6" 6 d 
though neither the fute of Court nor the faid rent bee mentioned in the orio-inall 
Deed nor fine. 

3tftcrUiart>£ in 15° Jacobi, I purchafed this land of Gofington of the faid |ohn 
Goldifborrowe and Rebecca his wife, wherin I vfed the name of Anthony Gulfton 
my halfe brother by the mothers fide ; And in the 4. yeares next followinge, annis 
15. 16. 17. et 18. Jacobi, I againe fold the fame by 11. feverall Deeds to foe many 
feverall purchafors of parts thereof, wherof the capitall meffuage or farme houfe 
called Gofington hall, was by mee fold to Lawrence Bridger, clerke, parfon of 
Slimbridge, with 60. acres of land adioyninge ; And delivered therwith all the 
Evidences, which manifefted all or moft part of what is before written, from the 
faid Reginald de Gofington downwards ; Who by his death in a° 7° Caroli, left 
the fame to Jofeph his eldeft fonne by a fecond wife, who ftill holds the fame, 1639. 
And in my conveyances apportioned the faid cheife rent of Six (hillings fix pence 
to each purchafor by a ratable part, now paid to the faid Lord Berkeleis Reeves of 
his manors of Hurft|and flimbridge, lyinge alfo within the faid parifh of Slimbridge. 206 

The names of thofe who now doe fute to the faid hundred Court and pay the 
faid 6 s 6 d rent are — 

1. The faid Jofeph Bridger, who by his fathers conveyance from mee dated 
12° April. 1 7 Jacobi is to pay 3' to the faid manor of Hurft, and 6 d . to the faid 
manor of Slimbridge : The perticulers of whofe pfchafe, with divers cheife rents 
amountinge to 33* Q d , are expreffed in the deed of purchafe thereof. 

2. Samuell 
1 d 2 



204 ^imorcti of CScrhrirp 

2. Samuell Bridger of Woodmancote in the parifh of Durfley, eldeft fonne of 
the faid Lawrance by his firft wife, by his deed from mee dated 12° Maij a° 16? 
Jacobi, purchafed a clofe of pafture containinge 10. acres called Clinger ats Cley- 
hunger, lyinge in Came, And of the faid 6 s 6 d . paieth — 4 d which his faid father 
afterwards gave to the faid Samuell. 

3. Robert Davis of Hurft, fonne and heire of Thomas Davis to whom by 
deed dated 12. mcij, 15'? Jacobi I fold my clofe called Reignolds mead cont. 7 acres, 
and 3. acres and an halfe of arrable land in Southworthy feild, and paies 4 d . of the 
faid cheife rent of 6? 6 d . 

4. Richard Spicer of London, Doctor of phificke, who purchafed of Edw : 
Trotman of the Inner Temple London Efq,,, and hee of mee by deed dated 
30. Aprit a 16. Jac. inrolled in Chancery, and after by my other deed dated 
12° Maij, followinge, granted, releafed and confirmed to him and his truftees, one 
clofe called Olden cont. 8. acres, one parcell of arrable cont. 20. acres, and one clofe 
therto adioyninge called Newe leyes cont. 12. acr, and 4. pcells of pafture cont. 18. 
acres, then in the tenure of Richard Trotman for 3. lives, wheron hee after built an 
houfe, and paies i2 d . pcell of the faid — 6? 6 d cheife rent. 

5. Edward Trotman of the Stepps in Came, to whom by deed dated 1 2. mcij 
15° Jacobi I fold one clofe of pafture called Grovelands cont 8. acres, in the parifh 
of Slimbridge, And paies 3 d of the faid cheife rent of 6 s 6 d , nowe in a° 1639. the 
inheritance of Nicholas Trotman his eldeft fonne by a fecond wife, As his office 
after his death in a° 14. Caroli fheweth ; wherin the tenure by knight fervice and 
the other fervices are found. And more, one quarter of an acre of arrable in Cams 
lower feild, by my deed 2° Novembr : 11. Caroli. 

6. William Tailor, to whom by Deed dated 12. mtij a° 15? Regis Jacobi 1 fold 
one clofe of pafture called the Old hay cont 1 . acre, and 3. acres and an halfe in 3. 
places in the feild called Southworthy in Slimbridge, and payeth — 2 d pcell of the 
faid cheife rent of 6* 6 d 

7. Robert ffrape, to whom by deed dated 12. mtij, 15° Jacobi, I fold 2. acres 
in the great more in Hurft, and one acre of pafture in a clofe of his next Hawthurne 
feild, and one acre of arrable in Linchfeild, and paies — i d pcell of the faid 6* 6 d ; 
whereof hee fince hath aliened to Anthony Williams the forefaid acre in , 

And 






<*So£ington 

And alfo to John Taylor the forefaid acre in [Linchfeild,] And alfo to Arthur 
Bridger, another fonne of the faid Lawrence, the forefaid two acres of meadowe in 
the great moore. | 

8. Henry Staples, to whom by Deed dated 12° Maij. 16° Jacobi. I fold 5. acres 207 
of arrable land in the feild called Hinworthy in Slimbridge, and alfo two roomes of 
houfinge neere adioyninge to the old warth ; And paies 2 d pcell of the faid cheife 
rent of 6 s 6 d By whofe death in Caroli the fame difcended to his two daughters 
and coheires, viz, Mary nowe the wife of Thomas ffreeman, the widow of 

Purnell, And to Elizabeth late wife of Richard Hugman, who died this yeare : And 
the faid Elizabeth forthwith after fold her moity to the faid Thomas ffreeman. 

9. John Thayer of Stinchcombe to whom by deed dated 30° Aprit. 17 Jac. I 
fold one clofe of pafture called Hengafton cont one acre, in Came or Stinchcombe or 
one of them ; And paies — i d parcell of the faid cheife rent of 6' 6 d By whofe death 
in Caroli, the faid land difcended to John his fonne and heire, who nowe holdeth 
the fame. A° 1639. 

10. John Smyth of ffrogpit in Hinton, to whom by my deed dated 20 Aug. 
1 7 Jacobi, I releafed and confirmed the Terme of — 1000. yeares which hee then 
had to come by the demife of John Goldifborrowe two yeares before, in one acre 
and an halfe of mead in Broadmead, To hold to him and his heires ; lyinge not 
farre from Chefilhunger towards Slimbridge, vnder-i d rent to the cheife lord, pcell 
of the faid — 6 s 6 d . Which John, in 16. Caroli, gave the fame to Jofeph his younger 
fonne and to his heires. 

11. John Nelme of Stinchcombe to whom by Deed dated 30° Aprit 17° Jac. 
I fold one acre of pafture in Cleihunger ats dinger ; And paies — i d pcell of 61 6 d 
aforefaid ; which hee after aliened to Bridger. 

12. Samuell Bridger aforefaid holdeth by the grant of the faid Lawrance 
Bridger clerke, his father, w 1 * by my deed dated 3. Oclobr 18. Jac, I fold to him 
in fee, one meffuage in Hurft neere Reignolds leaze, And one clofe called Haw- 
thurne cont 4. acres, and 1. clofes of paft cont 5. acres in Lyfeild, and 2. acres of 
arrable in the faid Lyfeild in Slimbridge ; and one clofe of pafture called Brodnam 
in Slimbridge, cont 3. acres, and 1. clofes cont 3. acres in Came, late in the tenure 
of Thomas Shell ; And for theis paies — 5 d pcell of the faid cheife rent of — 6' 6 d 

Other 



206 ^tutored of 2$erfericp 

Other ffreeholders of the Sirname of Gofington or de Gofington lived very 
anciently in this village, of much remarkeablenes in their times, not formerly men- 
tioned ; As Engewald de Gofington who lived in the time of kinge Stephen, and 
was one of the 8 noble vndertakers, that the faid Roger Berkeley of Durfley fhould 
performe his Agreement with Robert the fonne of Harding ; which fee in fol : 175, 
et fol: 325. 

£f)Qma$ lord Berkeley by his deed dated 23. Junij a° 35. E. 1. granted licence 
to Roger de Gofington his cozen to enclofe his feild called Oldland lying neere to 
his court of Gofington, and fo to hold it inclofed all times of the yeare for ever ; 
wherto amongft others Walter de Gofington was a witnes ; which Roger is formerly 
mentioned to dye about 12. E. 2. 

Reginald de Gofington in the time of H. 2. and R. 1. 

Witim de Gofington, in the beginninge of H. 3. 

Reginald de Gofington towards the later end of H. 3. and in the time of 
kinge E. 1. 

Walter de Gofington in the time of kinge E. 2. | 

R And by a Deed without date, Robert de Gofington fonne of Robert fonne of 

Carta; cum Richard had lands heere; But whether of this Hall place or of other fmaller parcells, 

Roberto Davis w hich I rather beleive, I determine not. 
de Hunt. 

Reginald de Gofington by deed without date gave to Wittm his fonne and his 
heires, halfe a yard land in the towne of Gofington, To hold of him and his heires 
by i2 d rent for all fervices, excepto regali fervicio, &c. which is knight fervice. 

And by one other Deed without date, the faid Reginald de Gofington, gave to 
Walter fonne of Roger de Gofington and to his heires, a meffuage in Gofington and 
11. acres of land therto belonginge, which Roger father of Walter gave to him. 
And theis two laft mentioned parcells are nowe the lands of the faid Robert Davis 
of Hurft, which hee in 1 1° Caroli. a° 1635. purchafed of Simon Mundy ats Munden, 
who lately before had the fame by the laft Will of Simon Ludby, whofe lands and 
his anceftors they had longe byn, And whofe widowe, is nowe wife of the faid 
Robert Davis. 

To each of which purchafors from mee, Rowland Goldifborrowe fonne and 
heire of the faid John, for their better affurance, by his feverall deeds in 7 Caroli, 
releafed, with warranty. 

Somewhat 



IS)amc 

Somewhat more of this Gofington, is to bee read in theis Records, viz!, 
Inq : de feodis miitum de Berkeley. t>7- E. 3.- — per fervicium mil. 
ffinis in banco. 17. H. 6. Term Hill : pro Venables. 
Inq : 4. & 5. Ph : & Mar p! morte ffrancifci Codrington. 
Inq : 23. Eliz : pt morte Egidij Codrington. 
Inq : 24. Eliz : pt morte ffrancifci Codrington. 
ffinis in banco, pro Odone de Aclon et Ifabella vxor eius. 13. E. 
Inq : 14. Regis Caroli, pt morte Edw : Trotman de les fteps in Came. — per 

fervic militare. 
Inq : 9. Caroli, pt morte Thome Davis, p fervic militare. 
Court Rolls of Hurft and Slimbridge. 2° Jac. p! morte GodfricT Goldifborr. 
Term Pafch : 3. Jac. Rot. 745 in coi banco. — per ferviciu mil 
Term : Hill : 3. Jac. Rot. 171. in banco Regis.— per ferviciu militare. | 



X)amc. 2 °9 

i^AHIC, C|lia^t J)omc: vz, the Home manor. Alfo Ham, in the old Saxon 
tongue properly fignified a Coveringe ; And by a Metaphore An houfe that 
covereth vs. 

•TfyijE? manor of Hame hath noe fpetiall name in the booke of Domefdai, com- 
piled in the 14 th yeare of Wittm the Conqueror, as the other 25creU) members 
villages or parifhes have within that hundred of Berkeley, which are therin faid to 
belonge to Berkeley : But indeed this manor of Hame (as longe it hath byn called) 
is the homefted of the manor of Berkeley, efpecially before the buildinge of the 
caftle of Berkeley ; And the ancient houfe within this manor of Hame nowe called 
the Grange, was the fcite-place or capital! meffuage thereof; And of this Hame are 
theis words in the faid Domefdai booke meant, viz ; Terra Regis : In Berchelai 
habuit E. Rex 5. hidas, et in dominico 5. carucat. et 20. villani, et 5. bordar, cum 
11. carucat, et 9. fervi, et 11. molini de 12. folid. Ibi 10. racheniftres habentes 7. 
hidas et 7. carucat ; Ibi vnum forum (the market or burrowe towne) in quo manent 
17. homines, et reddunt cenfum in firma. And then in that booke doe followe 
perticulerly the villages and members belonging therto. And the firft time that I 
doe remember to have obferved the name (Hame) is in 6. R. 1. in the great pipe 
roll of that yeare in the Exchequer. 



^unbreO of 23crhclcp 

C!)t£ manor of Hame is at leaft 10. miles about in a fruitfull foile, and for the 
better goverment therof by Coneftables, Tithingmen, Heiwards and the like rurall 
officers, is divided into two parts, Hame and Hamesfallowe, parted by the river 
runninge into the haven on the wefterne fide of Berkeley towne ; and confifteth of 
the Hamblets of Bevington ats Bainton, Clapton ats Clopton, Pedington, Apleridge, 
Wickftowe, Stone, divided into vpper Stone and lower Stone ; And the faid hamblet 
of Hame, which for the old capitall meffuage fake giveth the name of the manor of 
Hame to both parts of this manor. And the other part or halfe of this manor 
of Hame called Hamsfallowe confifteth of the hambletts of Wike ats Wikes-elme, 
Wanefwell, Swonhunger ats Saniger, Halmer ats Ecton, and Egeton : All of them 
within the parifii of Berkeley, the inheritance of George lo. Berkeley, and parcell of 
his Barony and Honour of Berkeley, and by him holden by knight fervice in Capite. 

Cl)i£ Manor of Hame, (which I conceive to bee of it felfe without addition by 
patches at any time bought in or laid vnto it, the faireft of the wholl county of 
Glouc,) was amongft many others granted by kinge H. 2. in the firft of his raigne 
to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his heires ; By which deed alfo, hee was, 
accordinge to the manner of thofe ancient times, created a Baron and a peere of 
the Realme, as before I have written fol : 6. 7. et yy 

fftom which lord Robert this manor of Hame difcended to Maurice his fonne 
and heire, who was father of Robert and Thomas ; which Robert died without iffue 
in 4. H. 3. and the faid Thomas was his brother and heire, who had iffue Maurice, 
father of Thomas, father of Maurice, father of Thomas ; who by ffine and Deed in 
210 24. E. 3. entailed this manor (amongft others) to the heires males of his | body, and 
dyed 11. yeares after, leavinge iffue Maurice, who had iffue Thomas and James; 
which Thomas dyed in 5. H. 5. without iffue male, But the faid James who dyed 
in the life time of his elder brother, had iffue James, who was heire in taile to the 
faid Thomas his vnkle, which James had iffue Wittm, created Earle of Nottingham 
and Marques Berkeley, and Maurice : Wittm the Marques dyed without iffue, and 
Maurice his brother and heire had iffue Maurice and Thomas ; Maurice died in 
15. H. 8. without iffue, and Thomas his brother and heire had iffue Thomas, father 
of Henry, father of Thomas, who dyed in his fathers life time, leavinge iffue George 
who nowe holdeth this manor as aforefaid, A° 1639. Hereof and of this Difcent 
fee more perticulerly fol : 6. 7. et yy. 

^Tn this manor of Hame rather then in the burrowe towne of Berkeley I con- 
ceive the caftle of Berkeley to bee feated, wherof I have before written in fol: yy. 

•In 



i!)amc 209 

5!u this Manor alfo is the parke called Whitcliffe parke, flored with fallowe Whitdiffis parke. 
deere and a fewe red deere ; anciently written, Witheley, firft inclofed and made a 
parke by Maurice lord Berkeley the fecond of that name in the end of the raigne 
of kinge H. 3. and after enlarged by Henry lord Berkeley by caftinge the farme 
and lands called Comly into it ; wherof fee more largely in my hiftory bookes of 
thofe two Lords lives. 

^J'n this Manor alfo is the parke called New parke, becaufe newer and more New parke. 
lately by about 56. yeares, made a parke and enclofed by Thomas lord Berkeley in 
the firft and fecond yeares of kinge Edward the third, beinge the third lord of that 
name, and great grandchilde of the forefaid Maurice, then the former parke called 
Whitcliffe ; At what time alfo hee built that faire ftone worke lodge, which there 
yet ftandeth ; then ftoringe it both with red and fallowe deere ; After alfo much 
enlarged by layinge of the ground called Catgrove and other lands into it, wherof 
alfo read more in my faid hiftory bookes of that family in the fecond volume. 

3Ilt this Manor alfo is the one halfe of the parke called the Worthy or Caftle Worthy parke. 
parke, which was enclofed and made a parke by Thomas lord Berkeley the 4 th lord 
of that name, grandchilde of the former lord Thomas, in the time of kinge H. 4. ; 
which afterwards was much inlarged by kinge Henry the 8'. h in the 13 th yeare of his 
raigne, by layinge into it the Capitall meffuage or Scite of the manor of Alkington, 
with the grounds called Hamftalls, Culverhayes, the Twichen, Manmead, and a 
parcell of Oakley parke called the Ragge. 

3flt this Manor alfo is the parke called the little parke, adioyninge to the wall Little parke. 
of the Churchyard of Berkeley, inclofed and made a parke when the Worthy was 
and by the fame Lord. It feemes that Maurice lord Berkeley the fecond of that 
name, did in 35. H. 3. intend this into a parke, as a Deed fheweth in Berkeley 
caftle : vpon which fancy to that purpofe hee drewe much of it togeather by divers 
exchanges. 

3it1 this manor in the hamblet called Hame is one of the 8. tyth barnes 
belonginge to the rectory or parifh of Berkeley ; Of one other called Blifbury I 
fhall write in fol : 106 et ; And of one other called | Stone-barne, I (hall write 211 
in Stone ; All of them within this manor of Hame. 

3lll payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver when it is granted by parliament, the rfifteene. 
onus or charge in the Exchequer, is, — 9" 10" i d . The deduction therout for decayes 

is 

2 E VOL. Ill 



-io ftimorcb of 23crhdrp 

is — 20' 8 d The Remanet paid by the Collector therof into the Exchequer, vpon his 
Accompt, is 8'': 3 s 5 1 ! 

Subfedy. <j n t h e laft Subfedy in A 5 . Regis Caroli were 43. Subfedy men within this 

manor, who in both parts therof paid — 16 1 ! 14? 8 d . 

Able men. ijT)f able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, in 6 t0 Jac., that 

appeared in perfon and were inrolled before Henry lord Berkeley, then Leiutenant 
of this County, were — 186. 

Souldiers. 3Hno now A° 1 5 Regis Caroli, 1639. of Trained Souldiers, vnder Wittm Thorpe 

of Wanifwell their Captaine, are— 29, viz. 13. corfletts and 16. mufketts. 

Rates. <Jjf the whole divifion of Berkeley, accompted a 4 th part of the Shire, bee rated 

in any taxe for kinge or cofnon wealth at — ioo'V, then this Hundred of Berkeley 
paies thereof — 33 1 '/ 3 s And this manor of Hame, with that part therof called Hamf- 
fallowe, — 4 1 '.' ; And foe after that proportion bee the taxe more or leffe. 

2tpiHip are the ffreeholds within this manor of Hame in both the parts therof, 
wherof fome in each of their hambletts nowe followe; But often fine ordine, becaufe 
fome one mans ffreehold extends into 2. or 3. or more of the faid hamblets. 

The ffreeholds in Bevington hamblet have already found an alphabeticall place 
by themfelves, fol : 103 

Soe alfo fhall the ffreeholds within the faid hamblet of Pedington, fol : [313] 

Soe alfo fhall the ffreeholds within the hamblets of Wanifwell, Swonhunger, 
and Halmer. 

The reft of the ffreeholds in either part of this Manor of Hame (which are 
neere one halfe therof) nowe followe, vz. 

Vele ham ats <Jn this Manor, in Hame, is a farme or little Manor in reputation called Ham- 

vele, ats Veleham ; which in the time of kinge H. 3. was the inheritance of Robert 
Veel, father of Sir Robert, father of Peter Veel, father of S r Peter le veel knight, 
who dyed in 17. E. 3. And in his life time conveyed the fame (inter alia) to 

Katherine 



©nme 

Katherine his wife, daughter of Sir John Clyvedon, for her life, after remaried 
to Thomas lord Berkeley the third of that name, who in her right, till hee died, 
held this little manor; And after to Jone daughter of him the faid Sir Peter de 
Veel, and her heires, maryed to John Moigne, who had iffue betweene them Sir 
John Moigne knight ; who dyinge in 8. H. 6. left 2. daughters and heires, vz, 
Ewftatia his yongeft daughter maried to Bonvile, And Elizabeth his eldeft 

daughter | maried to Wittm then fonne and heire of Sir John Stourton knight, to 212 
whom this little manor (inter alia) was allotted in partition ; who had iffue betweene 
them Sir John Stourton of Stourton knight, created Lord Stourton ; By whofe 
death in 2. E. 4. the fame difcended to Wittm lord Stourton his fonne, who dyinge 
in 17. E. 4. leaft iffue three fonnes all Barons in their life times; vz, John lord 
Stourton the eldeft fonne, who dyed in 1. H. 7. leavinge iffue ffrancis, who 2. yeares 
after dyed without iffue. Wittm fecond fonne of the lord Stourton, was alfo Lord 
Stourton after the death of his nephewe ffrancis, and dyed in 16. H. 8. without 
iffue ; To whom fucceeded Edward lord Stourton, the third fonne of the aforefaid 
Wittm lord Stourton, and yonger brother of the laft mentioned Wittm lord Stourton; 
Which Edward died in 32. H. 8. leavinge iffue Wittm Lord Stourton, who by his 
Indenture quadripartite dated 3 C '° Julij. 33"° H. 8, made betweene himfelfe of the 
firft part, Richard Hickes on the fecond part, Thomas Griffith of the third part, 
and Robert Saniger of the fourth part, then inrolled in the Chancery, ioyntly fold 
the fame to them the faid Richard Hickes, Thomas Griffith and Robert Saniger, 
By the name of All that the Manor of Ucicsftfllll, &C ; And from them is nowe, 
a° 1639. the feveralL inheritances of Thomas Machin, Robert Baily, George Watkins, 
Thomas Tyndall, and lately of John Smyth ; Which Thomas Machin r.v s is fonne 
and heire of Margaret late wife of John Machin, daughter and heire of Wittm Hickes, 
fonne of Richard Hicks, one of the faid purchafors. And the faid Robert Bayly, 
r. xv s iiij d is fonne and heire of Thomas Baily who dyed 13° Car., cozen and heire 
of Margaret daughter and heire of Robert Griffith who died in 13° Eliz., fonne of 
Thomas Griffith one of the faid purchafors. And the faid Robert Saniger fold his 
part to Wittm Laverance ats Lawrance, and hee to Richard Hicks aforefaid, father of 
Wittm, father of Margaret wife of John Machin, father of the faid Thomas Machin 
r. iiijl 1. lib: cumini that nowe is ; vnder whom, by a late releafe of part therof, the 
faid George Watkins is lately intereffed in fee. And the faid Thomas Tindall is 
now the kings ward, (for other lands,) fonne of Thomas Tindall and of Katherine 
his wife daughter and heire of John Harris, by whofe death in y°. Jacobi, his lands 
difcended to his faid daughter and heire, maryed to Thomas Tindall aforefaid. 
See the Court Roll of Hame. 40. Eliz. 

Which 

2 E 2 



I^unDrrtJ of 23crhclcp 

Which Robert Baily by his deed dated i° Aug. 1640. a° 16. Caroli, and by his 
fine in Micnas terme after, aliened to Walter A-Bevan in fee about 17. acres of this 
manor of Veleham, And therby charged that part with the payment of — v! parcell 
of his faid cheife rent of — 15 s 4* 

Which pedegree of Thomas Griffith one of the faid purchafors (though true) is 
more fully thus explained, ffor Thomas Bayly father of the faid Robert that nowe 
is, was fonne and heire of Wittm Baily and of Parnell his wife daughter of the faid 
Thomas Griffith, and fifter of Robert Griffith, father of Margaret maried to John 
Smyth, and of Jone, by whofe deathes without iffue Thomas Baily fonne of the 
faid Parnell was their cozen and heire, and had this land. Wherin fee my booke 
of Wardfhips and Releifes. fol : 36. See alfo fol : 216. | 

213 3tllD which ffarme or little manor is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his 

manor of Hame by knight fervice, fute to his hundred court of Berkeley from 3. 
weekes to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of 24 s and a pound of comin feed : Of 
which rent — 10* 4^ is paid by Robert Baily, and 5? is paid by Machin, And 4 s and 
a pound of comin by Machin alfo, And 5' by Walter a Bevan. 

3CnD it was 4. Aprit. A° 5. Rf Caroli, before that Machin and Baily by their 
mutuall releafe fevered the eftate they held either ioyntly or in Comon, a great part 
of the lands which their anceftors purchafed ioyntly of the lord Stourton as aforefaid. 

3Cllb it canot otherwife bee conceived, but that this little pettite reputed manor 
did take its name of Ham-veel or Veel-ham, from the ancient feifin of the ancient 
family of the Veeles ; And of the greater manor of Hame, wherin in feverall of her 
hamblets it lyeth (as it were) in both parts therof compounded and mixt togeather. 

i§onill>l)ilt more of this little Manor of Veelhame will bee found in theis records 
and proofes ; viz, 

Inq : ^j. E. 3. in Scio de feodis de Berkeley in Michas term in Iigula 

brevium. a° 38. E. 3. — per ferviciu militare. 
Inq : 2. E. 4. p! morte Jotn's Dili Stourton. 
Inq : 17. E. 4. p' mortem Willimi Dni Stourton. 
Inq : 1. H. 7. p! mortem Johis Dni Stourton. 

Micfias terni Rec : in banco. 7. II. 7. Rot. 441. et 442. in a Quare impedit, 
for the pedegree. 

Inq : 



$)ame 2 1 3 

Inq : 10. H. 7. p! mortem Katherinae Stourton, vid. 

Micfcas term. 21. H. 7. Rot. 520. A recouy againft Wittm lord Stourton 

of the Manor of Vealhame. 
Finis in banco. 15. Trin. 33. H. 8. from the lord Stourton, to Hickes, 

Griffith, and Saniger. 
Inq : 13. Regis Caroli p' mortem Thomse Baily. — per fervic militare. 
Befides divers ancient accompts of the Manor of Hame in temp : E. 3. And divers 
court rolls fince, &c : with the faid booke of Wardfhips and Releefes fol : 3. et 36. | 

5(t is by Inquificon in a°. 49. E. 3. pars. 1. after the death of John fit3 Nichot, 214 

' Wickflowc 

found, That Julian Allein held of the faid John one meffuage and one carucate of 

land at Wickftowe in Hame, by knight fervice and fj d . rent, which the faid John fit^ 

Nichot held over of Thomas lord Berkeley by the fame fervice and rent. 

SClltl by Inq : in a° 5. H. 5. after the death of the faid Thomas lord Berkeley; 
And by another Inq : in a° 17. H. 6. after the death of Richard Beauchampe Earle 
of Warwicke, (who maryed Elizabeth daughter and heire of the faid lord Berkeley,) 
It is found, That 20. acres of wood inclofed into Newparke purchafed of William 
fit3 warren, is called Wickftowe, nowe Catgrove. 

5tllb by Deed in 14. R. 2. in Berkeley caftle, Wittm fit3 Warren granted to 
Thomas lord Berkeley in fee, All his lands tenements and fervices in Hame or 
elf where within the Hundred of Berkeley, which were Wittm ffit3 Warren his 
fathers. And then by an other deed Henry Moigne and others, (Waryns feoffees,) 
releafed to the faid Lord All their lands and tents in Wixftowe iuxta Wodende de 
Hull in hundredo de Berkeley. 

5'lt this Manor of Hame, in divers places fcatteredly, are certaine lands Willoughbies 
knowne by the name of Willoughbies lands, the inheritance of feverall men, as 
after followeth ; holden of the lord Berkeley as of his manor of Ham by knights 
fervice, fute to his Hundred Court of Berkeley, from three weekes to three weekes, 
and by the yearly rent of 18? 4* 

Theis lands in the time of kinge H. 7 were the lands of Edw. Willoughby Efq. 
who left iffue John and Vincent ; which Vincent by his deed dated 10 Julii a° 7. 
H. 8, releafed to the faid John his brother not only all his Eftate and right in theis 
lands, but alfo in his lands in Durfley and in Wickwarre, called Barbafter, as by a 

Deed 



214 jfrunfrrrt) of SScrhricp 

Deed with Robert Fowler of Alderley appeareth, who hath the faid Lands in 
Durfley. The faid John Willoughby, then of Denver, in Norfolke, by his Deed 
dated 14 Junii, $7 H. 8, granted all theis lands to Yelverton and other Feoffees, to 
fuch ufes as are mentioned in a Deed made between himfelfe and Hugh Willoughby 
his Kinfman, which I have not yet feene, (all others herein mentioned I have,) and 
after dyed in 5 et 6 Ph, & Mar. George Willoughby, (then of Bexwell in the faid 
County of Norfolke,) and Eliz. his wife, by their Deed dated 11 Febry. a° 4 Eliz. 
Regine, enrolled in the Chancery, aliened all his lands and tenem'. 5 in Berkeley, 
Newport, Durfeley, and Wickwarre, or elfewhere in the County of Gloucefter, to 
John Bowfer of Tortworth, Clothier, and his heires ; and in Trinity terme follow- 
inge, not only the faid George and Elizabeth, but Thomas Gawfell and Mary his 
Wife, levied a Fine thereof to the faid John Bowfer and his heires, with warranty 
againft themfelves, and againft John Willoughby aforefaid and his heires, and againft 
Henry Lord Berkeley and his heires ; which Mary was the former Wife of the faid 
215 John Willoughby, fonne of the faid Edward Willoughby, | brother and heire to 
Richard Willoughby, fonnes of Sir William Willoughby, knight, by Jone his Wife, 
after remarryed to William Marques Berkeley ; Which Richard and Edward are 
often mentioned in the vaft alienations made by the faid Marques in the raignes of 
kinge E. 4. R. 3. and H. 7. ffor which difcents alfo fee an excellent plea vpon a 
warrantia cartse, brought by Sir John Peter againft Henry lord Berkeley, entred in 
Mictias terme in banco in 40. et 41. Eliz. Rot. 3127. And of Trinity terme after, 
ibm, when the faid Mary lived and recoued alfo in Dower againft the faid lord 
Berkeley. 

Moft part of theis lands the faid John Bowfer by feverall deeds in and about 
the 1 7'. h of Queene Eliz. aliened to feverall perfons, as after followeth ; And by one 
of his deeds dated 10. rncij. a° 17. Eliz. p\T, in his fale of moft of them to John 
Richards of Woollafton, (called of the Bay in wanefwell,) hath an exception of the 
faid — 18 s 4*! payable to the cheife lord : And are nowe a° 1639. the inheritance of 
thefe 5 perfons ; vz, 

I. HDiHiam -Thorpe of Wanifwell holdeth one clofe of pafture com about 7. 
acres, neere Berkeley Towne, called Boddicraft ats Berricraft ; which George 
Thorpe his father, in the life of Nicholas his father, by an Indenture Tripartite 
dated 3. odftobr a° 40. Eliz. purchafed of John Clutterbooke of Hinton and of Jane 
his wife, of her inheritance, daughter of the faid John Richards of the bay, wherof, 
as alfo in a deed dated 30. Sept. a° p\T, is a covenant to fave harmleffe the faid 
George Thorpe from the faid Cheife rent. 2. <j3cor$rC 



f^amt 2 1 5 

2. <*Bcorgc CUtttcrbooftc holdeth certaine grounds called Hookftreet and How- 
mead with 2. acres of arrable land, in all about 18. acres, which hee had from John 
his father and the faid Jane his wife, daughter of the faid John Richards, to whom 
her faid father by his will devifed the fame in fee; Of which fee a fine in truft levied 
by the faid John Clutterbooke and Jane, to Wittm Tylladam and Wittm Everod. 
8 b ! s Michis, a? 39° Eliz. 

3. IDiUitim XtUlOoQ holds about 10. acres of arrable meadowe and pafture, 
which John Atwood his father purchafed of Richard Webbe, brother and heire of 
Wittm Webbe, to whome his father Thomas Webbe gave the fame in fee. ffor 
which (inter alia) fee an Inq : 27. Eliz. after the death of the faid Thomas Webbe. 

4. CfjOlllfl^ <Timiull, fonne of Thomas Tyndall and of Katherine his wife, 
daughter and heire of John Harris, holds an houfe and 4. acres of land in Wanif- 
well, which the faid John Harris purchafed of the faid John Atwood. 

5. iOtlitaitl i^tintC holds one ground called Dallifcroft containinge about 5. 
acres, which William ffofter his grandfather-in-lawe by his will devifed vnto him, 
who purchafed the fame of — 

<JDf which lands, now called Willoughbies lands, part of them as I conceive 
were of old Dolyes lands ; And another part of them the lands of — | 

$)CCrc alfo in Hame is an ancient meffuage called Harford, with 40. acres of 216 
land therto belonginge, lyinge in Hame and Stone in the parifh of Berkeley, late Crabbs land, 
parcell of the poffeffions of the Abby of Kingfwood in the county of Wilts ; which 
by the diffolucon of that Monaftery in 31. H. 8. came to that kinge, and continued 
in the Crowne till Queene Eliz : in the 41^ of her raigne granted the fame (inter 
alia) to Vtley and Cartwright and their heires ; ffrom whom it came to Hugh Saxey 
late one of the Auditors to kinge James ; And by his conveyance to Sir Lawrance 
Hide, Robert Biffe, and other their Cofeoffees, to charitable vfes accordinge to the 
direction of the faid Hugh Saxey ; who forthwith after the death of the faid Saxey, 
for the better performance of the truft in them repofed, granted the fame to John 
Crabbe and his heires, by their deed dated 27. Novembr : a° 6'° Rf Caroli, 1630. 
And by their faid Deed increafed the rent of 31? 4 d , (which Crabbe an ancient 
leffee therto of old formerly paid,) vnto five pounds p ann, payable by Crabbe and 
his heires at the Towne hall in Brewton in the county of Somerfet : Which John 

Crabbe 



2l6 



ftun&rrtj of 23crhclcp 



Crabbe died in Auguft a° 13 Caroli, as by an Inq : found after his death by the 
Efcheator, virtute officij fui, appeareth, leavinge Jone his only daughter and heire 
nniried to Robert Smith, who dwell vpon the fame ; And is holden in free Soccage 
of the kinge, as by the faid Lfes patents of Queene Eliz : appeareth. 



Graftons land 

nowe Winftons 

In Halmer. 



#f the fame condition with the former of John Crabbs, is a meffuage with 40. 
acres of land therto belonginge lyinge in Halmer in this manor of Hame, which 
alfo was part of the poffeffions of the faid Monaftery of Kingfwood, and granted 
by Queene Eliz : as aforefaid ; And was by John Winfton at the fame time pur- 
chafed of the faid Sir Lawrence Hyde and his faid Cofeoffees ; And his rent 
thervpon increafed from— 30* to — 5 1 '/, limited to the releefe of the faid hofpitall 
founded in Brewton aforefaid by the faid Hugh Saxey : holden of the kinge in 
free foccage, as John Crabbs laft mentioned ; And this meffuage and land was firft 
demifed by Hugh Sexey to Thomas Grafton, whofe widowe the faid John Winfton 
married, and therby came into the purchafe of this meffuage and lands. 



Bailies land 

of old 

ffitz Robards. 



217 



^n that part of this manor of Hame which is called Hamsfallowe are certaine 
lands containinge by eftimacon acres, nowe the inheritance of Robert Baily, 

fonne and heire of Thomas Bayly, cozen and heire of Margaret fomtime wife of 
John Smyth, daughter and heire of Robert Griffith, fonne and heire of Thomas 
Griffith, And which the faid Thomas in 36. H. 8. purchafed of Richard James of 
Woodford, fonne of Witrm James, fonne of Richard James and of Jone his wife. 
And hee fonne and heire of Jone Clifford, daughter and heire of Richard fit3 
Roberts of Berkeley, fonne and heire of Richard fitj Roberts who lived in the 
time of kinge Richard the fecond. And before the lands of 

Of which lands the faid Richard James by his deed dated 15. Octobr a° 
16. E. 4. enfeoffed John Twyniho, then high Steward of the hundred of Berkeley, 
which, faith his faid Deed, hee had by the grant of Jone Clifford his mother, 
daughter and heire of Richard ffk^ Robards of Berkeley : And a regrant from the 
faid John Twyniho the next day after to the faid Richard James and to Jone his 
wife, and to their heires. | And by another Deed dated 19 mcij. a° 14° H. 7. the 
faid Jone in her widowhood granted the fame lands to her fonne Wittm and his 
heires ; whofe fonne Richard James fold the fame in 36. H. 8. to Thomas Griffith 
as aforefaid. Thus much the Deeds of the faid Robert Baily doe declare, ffor 
which alfo fee an Inq : in 13. Regis Caroli after the death of Thomas Baily, found 
by the Efcheator virtute officij fui, wherin the tenure of theis lands is found to bee 

of 



palmer 2 1 7 

of George lord Berkeley by fute of Court, and the yearly rent of — il) d . late purchafed 
of Edward Hall. 

The formofl part of this pedegree of Robert Bayly is alfo before in fol : 212. | 

218 blank 

palmer. 219 

£)almcr : written alfo J^al mere, J)atlicmcrc, and <£cfet(m, and <£Hct011, and 

<£OTton ; Is an hamblet within the parifh of Berkeley, parcell of the fame manor of 
Hame, and confifteth of dwellinge houfes, lyinge in the vtmoft bounds of that 

manor northwards, moil of them the lands of freeholders ; wherof fee more in 
Hame fol : [216], and in Hinton fol : [229.] 

^Tn this hamblet of Halmer is one fmall parcell of ground called Herts grove Hens grove, 
containinge about 2. acres, which Thomas lo : Berkeley in 4. E. 2. gave to Wittm 
Heort and to Mabill his wife and to the heires of their two bodies, by the name of 
halfe an acre and 4. perches of land lyinge by the kings highway, in Hame, Rend- 
ringe 9^ rent by the yeare et 4. termes, for all fervices favinge the knight fervice, 
(called fervicium regale,) which is nowe a° 1639. the inheritance of James fonne of 
John Heort, fonne of John who died , fonne of Thomas who died , 

fonne of John who died — 20. H. 8, fonne of , The faid eftate 

taile havinge to this day continued lineally in the iffue male of the faid William and 
Mabill, not difcontinued ; and the faid rent of — 9? accordingly paid at this day : ffor 
which alfo Walter Heort fonne and heire of the faid Donees, was in 20. E. 3. in 
ward to the grandchilde and heire of the donor. 

J^CCrc alfo in this hamblet of Halmer ats Eclon is a meffuage and about 18, Smythes 
acres of land therto anciently belonginge, holden of the lord Berkeley as of his ~ te 
faid manor of Hame, by knights fervice and fute to his hundred court of Berkeley 
from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, late in the tenure of John Smyth of Panthurft, And 
nowe the inheritance of Thomas Smyth fecond fonne of the faid John ; which 
Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that name about 20. H. 3. gave to Wittm Bruo-ff 
and his heires, To whome Hilde Brugge was daughter and heire, maried to John 
atte Boure, who had iffue betweene them Robert de la Boure, father of John de la 
boure, father of John Boure, father of Wittm Boure, father of Richard Boure. 
father of Robert, father of Wittm Boure who died 1. E. 6, father of Wittm Bower, 

fomtimes 
2 F VOL. Ill 



2 1 8 j^unbrcb of 25crhckp 

fomtimcs high Baily of this hundred vnder Henry lord Berkeley, who died in 
5*? Jac, who with Wittm Boure his fonne and heire in 4. Jac, and his faid fonne 
after his fathers death in 6. Jac, aliened theis lands to John Smyth of Panthurft, 
who left them to Thomas his fecond fonne aforefaid, and his heires. I have the 
rather noted this difcent in a direct fucceffion taken out of the deeds themfelves, 
what time the land was Wittm Bowers. 

Somwhat more heerof is in theis Records, vz, 

Inq : t,j. E. 3. de feodis de Berkeley in Sc a cio, in Term Micfiis. 38. E. 3. 

in ligula brium. — per fervic militare. 
Micftas Record in banco. 9. E. 4. Rot. 300. 
ffinis in banco. 6. Jacobi, inter Smith et Bower. | 

220 J^CCCC alfo in this hamblet of H aimer, and in Hinton, are thofe lands which by 

hremes lands. t ^ e Q ^ p ff e ff 10 n of their ancient owner have given to it the name of Eclon, 
Eketon, and Egeton ; nowe for the moft part the inheritance of Thomas ffreame 
of Lipiat, who havinge alfo divers lands and tenements in Berkeley towne, and in 
the manors of Alkington and Canonbury, I will in this place write all I knowe of 
them all heere togeather. 

The faid Thomas ffreame, (whofe firname I have feene in the times of kinge 
H. 7. and to bee written JScuiC and ftconi als ffreme,) is fonne of Thomas 

who died in , fonne of Robert who died in 42. Eliz., fonne of Thomas who 

died 14. Eliz., fonne of Wittm who died in 17. H. 8, fonne of Thomas who died in 

. And are holden of George lord Berkeley as 
of his feverall mano rs wherin they lye, by knight fervice, fute to his hundred court 
of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, heriot fervice, and by feverall yearly rents, 
as after (hall appeare ; viz, 20. horfhoes and their nailes for his lands in Berkeley, 
fomtime the land of , and 6 d for his 

lands in Halmer fomtime , 

and 2 s 6 d for his lands in Hinton called Barry court ats the manor of Barrers late 
John Vfliers, rent. i2 d ; And the 4'. h part of ffreemans lands in Hinton, rent. 4 d ob\ 

25p a deed without date, but temp : Rf Jofiis, Wittus filius Eliae de falfo 
marifco, affcnfu Matildis vxoris fuse, conceffit Dno Roberto de Berkelei, Totam 
terram illam et bofcum quam Ifilia filia Alexandri de Egeton ava fua, de cuius 
hereditate pdicfta terra fuit, dedit in excambiu eid Roberto de Berkelai, pro duabus 
virgatis terra in Egeton, quae pertincbant ad Manerium fuum de Hineton. 

2Sp 



$)almcr 2 1 9 

25p another Deed without date, temp : Rf Johis, Robertus de Berkelai dedit 
Yfillire filial Alexandri de Egeton, duas virgatas terrae in Hineton, and boundeth it 
perticulerly, Habenit fibi et hered" in Excambio for the former lands, &c. And this 
feemes the firft guift of Ml ffreames lands heere. 

And 18? 8 d for his lands within the manor of Alkington, vz, for a Meffuage an 
orchard and a meadowe fomtimes John Bakers, in Newport, rent 9* 4"?; And for a 
pafture called Coles Elme, fomtime Thomas Coles of Durfley, rent 5* ; And for 
a pafture in Wikes fallowe neere Nybly grove in Alkington, rent ; wherof 

George ffreeman of Newport payeth — 9 s 8? for the mead called Coniger meadowe, 
cont. 2. acres, and an orchard cont. 1. acre, which hee by deed 19. Aug, a° 6. Jacobi 
p r chafed in fee of Thomas ffreame ; And which the faid George hath this yeare 14. 
Caroli fetled vpon his grandchilde George ffreeman, fonne of Thomas, fonne of 
him the faid George. 

With Thomas ffreame (as hee faith) is the originall deed made by Thomas 
lord Berkeley for this purchafe made by George ffreeman of Thomas ffreame. See 
the Court roll of Alkington in 13. Jac. r. 9! 4 d . | 

And 7! for his lands in the manor of Canonbury, vz, a meffuage and 2. yard land 221 
at Egeton ats Eckton in Hame, r. 2' And two meffuages and the moity of a yard 
land, one acre of meadowe, and 3. acres of wood at Egeton in Hame. f. 5 s As the 
court Rolls of Canonbury manor in 1. E. 3. and in 3. E. 3. when John de Egeton 
did his homage and recognized his tenure, expreffely are. And as the court rolls 
of 6. et 9. H. 4, and of 24. et 25. et 26. H. 6, And a court roll 17. H. 8. of Hinton, 
And a Rentall of Canonbury in 14. E. 4. And an Inq : in 31. H. 8. after the death 
of Katherine Walfh the widowe of Wittm ffreme Efrj^, doe fhewe, fome of them 
before pertition of John de Eketons co-heires, and fome after. 

The firft of theis of the Sirname of ffreame I have met withall in this hundred 
of this family, was , who maried the daughter and heire of John Vfher 

who died in 2. R. 3. as by the court roll of Hinton of that yeare appeares. And was 
fonne of Sir Wittm Vfher knight, who maried daughter and heire of 

, And was defcended from John de Eketon ats Egeton who 
died in 6. H. 4. leavinge two daughters and co-heires, vz, Jone maried to John 
fframilode, of whofe iffue fee in fol: [330] And Ifable his younger daughter then but 
2. yeares old, and in 24. H. 6. maried to Wittm Donell, as the court roll of Canon- 
bury in 24. 25. et 26. H. 6. doe fhewe. 

And 



220 J^uiibrcb of 23crftclcp 

And from Wittm Donell and I fable his wife theis lands came to Sir Wittm 
Vfher knight aforefaid, And foe by maryage into this family of the Reoms, now 
called (euphoniae gratia) ffremes, gent of a faire race. 

The pdon roll, 30. H. 6. m : 31. A pardon to Wittm Donell nup de Berkeley 
yeoman, ats Wittm Vfher de Bifley yeoman, And the pardon roll of 36, H. 6. a 
pardon to Wittm Donell ats W"? Vfher, ais Wittm Daniell of Berkeley geni. in arce 
Londini. 

The 6 ,h of July, 1494. a° 10° H, 7. was an Award made which fetled peace 
betweene Richard Thorpe of Wanifwell Efq^ on the one part, And Wittm Reme 
ats ffreme then a Juftice of peace on th'other pte, wherby the controverted tenement 
in the high ftreete in Berkeley was awarded to the faid Richard Thorpe and his 
heires, where yet it is, with Wittm Thorpe, fonne of George, fonne of Nicholas, 
fonne of Thomas, fonne of Thomas, fonne of the faid Richard. Which Wittm 
ffreme in Triri terme 13. H. 7. levied a fine of that and other his lands in Berkeley, 
Wanifwell, Hinton, Sanyger, ats Swonhunger, &c. 

23ji an Inq : in 31. H. 8. after the death of Katherine Walfh, late the wife of 
Richard Walfh, and before the wife of Wittm ffreme Efq,, (the fame Wittm men- 
tioned in the forefaid award & fine,) it is found That fhee held the faid lands in 
Hinton called the Manor of Barrers or Barry Court, for her life, And alfo 25. acres 
of land, 8. acres of pafture, and 120. acres, in the townes of Berkeley, Wike, and 
Newport, wherof fhee was by the deed of the faid Wittm ffreme her hufband, dated 
20. rricij, A°. 8. H. 8. enfeoffed for her life, holden of the Caftle or manor of Berkeley 
by fealty, fute of court to the manor of Berkeley twice by the yeare, and the yearly 
rent of — 18! 6 d . for all fervices : And that Thomas ffreme was fonne and heire of 
222 the faid William and Katherine, then 23. yeares old. | Though the Tombe ftone 
of the faid WiHm in the parifh church of Berkeley fheweth that hee died in 18. H. 8. 
yet his death at the Halimot Courts of Hinton and Alkington manors was prefented 
to bee in the 1 7'. h yeare of that kinge. 

^fycia lands in the time of H. 3. were the lands of Walter de Egeton, After of 
John de Egeton, and Wttim de Egeton, And of an other John de Egeton, cozen 
and heire of Henry de Egeton, when the name by a Ihorter and fmoother pronun- 
ciacon began, towards the end of kinge E. 3, to bee written Ecfon, and Eketon ; 
See fol : 181. in Egeton ats Ecfon. 

51 SDccd 



palmer 221 

31 SPCCb in Berkeley caftle in theis words ; — Conu feit q ioe Thomas de Berkelee 
feignour de Berk, ay done et grant et p ce pTent efcrit confirme al Abbe de S' 
Auftin de Briff e a Covent de meme le lu en eyde de lour efglife fef, tote les tres 
et les tentf in Egetone que me efcheqeront per la morte Johan de Egetone tant q 
a plein age Johan fit3 et heire le avantdit Johan de Egetone ; En teitmoiaunce de 
ql chofe a cert prefent efcrit ay mis mon feale ; Done a Berkelee le iour de Seint 
George en Fan du regne le roy Edward fit3 le roy Henric trentime quarte. Referre 
alfo this, to fol : 181. 

3Hlgo in this hamblet of J^almtC ats Eclon ats Egeton, is another ancient Goffes land nowe 
meffuage with divers lands therto belonginge, late the lands of Wittm Gough ats anc j ot h e rs. 
Goffe, fonne of Wittm, fonne of Richard, fonne of John Gough, havinge in that 
Sirname for many difcents without any alienation continued fince the later end of 
the raigne of kinge Henry the third, what time the fame (amongft other lands) was 
parted betweene Hildeburgh then wife of Thomas Mathias and Ifable her fifter, 
daughters and coheires of ; Which Wittm Gough hath in 

the I2'! 1 of kinge Charles. A°. 1636, aliened in fee to Richard Hatheway leffee therto 
for divers yeares then to come, who by his laft will fhortly after devifed the greater 
part therof to Richard his younger fonne, in fee ; And are holden of the lord 
Berkeleis faid Manor of Hame by knight fervice, fute to his hundred Court of 
Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — c/! And as more 
plainly appeare in an Inquificon or office found after the death of the faid Richard 
Hatheway, in the 14 th yeare of the faid kinge Charles. 

And of late Nicholas Pall of Berkeley clerke hath purchafed about 30. acres of 
this ancient meffuage, of the faid Richard Hatheway the father, not longe before 
his death, who payeth 3 d of the faid cheife rent of — 9 d 

And another part therof is conveyed to Edward Hatheway, another yonger 
fonne of the faid Richard the father, cont about 5. acres, by the laft will of the faid 
Richard ; vz, an houfe, orchard and clofe cont 4. acres, called Roberts clofe. 

By a fine levied in 39. H. 3. Philip de Leicefter and Ifable his wife aliened 54. 
acres of wood and 12. acres of land in Egeton, to Thomas Mathias and Hildeburgh 
his wife aforefaid and to her heires, which was an addition to her former part ; And 
was in his life time the land of the faid Richard Hatheway ; who alfo for one 
acre of land in Hynamfeild of Goughes old land, payeth a cheife rent of-2 d ; vide 
fol : 369. I 

tycett 



222 



I!5unDrcD of SBcrhcIcp 






223 $CCrc alfo in this hamblet of Halmer and in Wanifwell is an ancient meffuage 

Oldlands place. ca u e( j Oldlands place, longe continued in the name and family of the Oldlands, 
holden of the Manor of Berkeley by knight fervice, and by fute to the hundred 
court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes ; nowe the inheritance of John 
Oldland, fonne of John, as an Inquificon found after his death, (I thinke virtute 
offkij Efcaetoris,) in 12? Rf Caroli, doth fhewe. And as a Deed inrolled in Chancery 
in I.E. 4. membr. 23. in dorfo rotuli declareth, was then the inheritance of John, 
fonne and heire of John Oldland, who was father of Thomas, father of John Oldland. 
In the time of kinge Edward the third it was the land of Walter Oldland, who had 
them in tayle from Thomas Serieant of Stone in 37. E. 3, wherof fee in Wanifwell 
fol : 380. 

Of the lands belonginge to that meffuage called Oldlands place, Thomas Butler 
bought in 14. H. 8. certaine fcattered parcells of John Oldland, fonne of Thomas, 
fonne of John Oldland who died in a° 1. R. 3. which after, from the heires of Butler, 
were p r chafed by Nicholas Thorpe Efq^, as in Wanifwell appeares, fol. 380. with the 
reft of all Butlers lands. 



Walters land 
late Harvies. 



l^rnx alfo -Cloning? IBaltCt fonne of John holdeth a Meffuage and certaine 
lands in the tenure of Thomas Huet, containinge about acres; which yeald 

to the lord Berkeley a Cheife rent of — vij s . p ann. And another meffuage in the 
tenure of Witim Tought, with about 12. acres therto belonginge, which yeald to 
the faid lord Berkeley a cheife rent of 4? 3 d . p an, which the faid John Walter in a° 
purchafed of Edward Harvy, brother and heire of Nicholas, 
who died in 20 Jacobi ; fonnes of John Harvey who died in 45. Eliz. as by an 
Inq : after his death in 2° Jacobi appeareth, which perticulerly mentioneth all his 
lands in this hundred, And in Haukefbury. See alfo the Court roll of Hame, 
20° Jacobi, 



Hickes lands. 



q : whofe now. 



3Cl£0 in Halmer John Hickes of Tortworth in 38. H. 8. died feifed of a 
Meffuage and 70. acres of land therto belonginge, holden of the manor of Wanef- 
well by y* yearly rent of — 3? 4 d And John was his fonne and heire then 4. yeares 
old, as an Inq: found that yeare after the death of the faid John Hickes doth fhewe, 
who was father of Thomas, father of William Hickes that nowe is. 



ffor theis lands alfo fee another Inq : 42 Eliz. p! mortem 
Hickes. I 



ffor 



ffor other ffreeholds of this hamblet, See in Swonhunger fol : 365. And in 224 
Wanifwell. fol : 367. | 



dfiSL 

30)ill : In Domefdei booke foe written. But fince and of late yeares, Hill ats 
Hull : An ancient manor within the parifh of Berkeley, holden of the kinge by 
knight fervice in capite ; wherin Wittm the Conqueror and before him kinge 
Edward called the Confeffor had foure hides of land, as the faid Domefdei booke 
fhewes. 

And in this manor in the time of kinge E. 2. John frit's Nichott then Lord 
therof had two parkes, as by Deeds with Sir Robert Poyntz, whofe fathers this 
manor late was, which I have feene, appeares. 

CfjijS? Manor was (amongft many others) given by kinge H. 2. in the firft yeare 
of his raigne to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his heires, To hold of him by 
knight fervice, By which grant alfo hee was created a peere and Baron of the 
Realme. 

This Manor the faid lord Robert not longe after in the faid kings time gave 
to Nicholas his fecond fonne and his heires, by his Deed in theis words; Sciatis 
me dediffe et conceffiffe Nictio filio meo, Hullam et Nimdesfeld cum oibus ptinentijs 
fuas, quas Dns Rex mihi dedit pro fervicio meo in feodo et hereditate, fibi et here- 
dibus fuis, faciendo illi ffii fervicium dimidij militis, liberas et quietas ab omni alio 
fervicio. Tefte Rico Abbate Sci Auguftini, &c. As by the deed remaininge with 
Sir Edward Coke late Cheife Juftice of the kings Bench, which I copied out, 
appeareth. And after the faid lord Robert died in 17. H. 2. As by the great pipe 
Roll of that yeare appeares. 

^l)t£ $icl)0Ul£ was a Baron and Peere of the Realme, and paid feverall 
Efcuages to the faid kinge Henry the fecond, in the 7'! 1 8 lh 32* and 33^ yeares 
of that kinge ; And alfo Aid for marriage of Maud his daughter to the Duke of 
Saxony, And died in the fixth yeare of kinge R. 1. leavinge iffue Roger, who was 
written Rogerus filius Nicholai, filij Roberti, filij Hardingi, and died in 15. H. 3. 
leavinge iffue Nicholas: Betweene which Nicholas and Maurice lord Berkeley the 

fecond 



225 



224 J[)unbrcD of 25crRdcp 

fecond of that name arofe fuites in lawe, for fervices which that Lord required of 
him for this manor of Hill and for that of Nimdesfelde, to his Lawe daies at 
Berkeley, And after thofe futes ended by compofition, the faid Nicholas fonne of 
Roger died in 46. H. 3. leavinge iffue Raph, vfually written Raph fonne of Nicholas, 
fonne of Roger: which Raph died in 19. E. 1. leavinge iffue Nicholas; Betweene 
which Nicholas fonne of Raph and Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that name 
arofe futes alfo about the fame fervices, for theis manors of Hill and Nimsfeilde; 
And after the faid Nicholas [died] in 6. E. 2. leavinge iffue John : Betweene which 
John and the faid Thomas lord Berkeley were alfo futes in lawe about the fame 
fervices for the faid Manors, As by feverall compofitions therevpon made which I 
have read in Berkeley caftle and elfwhere appeareth; And afterwards the faid John 
died in 49. E. 3. leavinge Thomas fonne of Reginald fonne of him the faid John, his 
grand-childe and heire.. 

C|)t faid Thomas vfually written Thomas fitj Nichot knight, had only two 
daughters, vz, Katherine, who in the time of kinge Richard the fecond was maried 
to Robert Pointz, and Alienor maried to John Browninge, whofe difcent read in the 
defcription of Nimpsfeild. fol : 299. 

The faid Sir Thomas fit3 Nichott, by a fine in the court of cofnon pleas levied 
in 12. H. 4, entayled this manor of Hill to himfelfe and to Agnes his fecond wife, 
and to the heires males of his body ; The remainder to the faid Robert Pointz and 
226 Katherine his wife, daughter | of him the faid Sir Thomas, for the terme of their 
lives, the Remainder to Nicholas Pointz fonne of them the faid Robert and 
Katherine, and to the heires males of his body, with fix other remainders over : 
which Agnes fecond wife of the faid Sir Thomas fit3 Nichot died without iffue in 
the life time of her hufband ; And after the faid Sir Thomas died in 5. H. 5. with- 
out iffue male of his body, wherby this manor of Hill, remained and came to the 
faid Robert Pointz and Katherine, and after their deathes, (after fome deviations 
by conveyances amongft their children and Ncphewes,) as theis records will fhewe: 
vz, paten, 10. H. 6. ps. 2. m. 15. Rot. pardon, 15. H. 6. m. 27. Claus. 34. H. 6. 
m : 10. in dorfo. Claus. 35. H. 6. m. 1. dorfo. ffines 37. H. 6. m. 1. ffines. 39. H. 
6. m. 1. et 4. ffines. 49. H. 6. m. 4. w ch was, 10. E. 4.,) This manor fetled in Sir 
Robert Pointz heire at coition lawe to the faid Robert and Katherine, who was a 
learned and remarkeable gent bredd an vtter barrifter in Graies Inne, knight for 
the body to kinge H. 7, A Councellor and Chancellor to Queene Katherine firft 
wife to kinge H. 8, and high Steward of the Lordfhip and hundred of Berkeley, 

and 



$ill 225 

and died in 12. H. 8. and leaft iffue Anthony Pointz knight, who was by kinge 
H. 8. oft imployed in very honorable fervices at home and abroad, in times of 
warre and peace, by fea and land, in important fervices, and died in [26] H. 8. 
leavinge iffue Sir Nicholas, who died 3. et 4. Ph : et Mar. who leaft iffue Sir 
Nicholas, who died 28. Eliz. who leaft iffue Sir John Pointz, who in Eliz. 

aliened this manor of Hill to Nicholas Dimery and his heires, 1 who fhortly after 
fold the fame to Henry fHeetwood, and hee foone after to Richard ffuift ; By whofe 
death in 13. Jacobi Rf, it difcended to Edward his fonne, an vnderftandinge gent, 
who nowe holdeth the fame a° 1639. 

Which firft Sir Nicholas Pointz was in 35. H. 8. vice Admirall of the weft 
Seas, And then delivered over his charge to John Wintour Efcjj, who was bred 
vnder Sir Anthony Pointz his father, and directed his often ires, To the right 
honorable and wo" 1YP, Sir Anthony Pointz knight ; Subfcribed, Your Mafterfhips 
fervant, John Wintour ; Which John Wintour was father of Sir Wittm Wintour, 
Vice Admiral in the fatall yeare 1588 againft the Spaniard, father of Sir Edward, 
father of Sir John that nowe is, A°. 1639. A race of 4. eminent and remarkeable 
gent. 

<£>f this village, through the lowe fcituation and bad water it is faid to bee, 
Hieme mala ssftate molefta, nunquam bona ; evill in winter, greivous in Somer, and 
never good for habitation ; wherin the moft remarkeable places are called Brig- 
hampton, Bibury, woodend, Redland, Wickftowe, Shepwardend ats Sheperdine, 
and In which Shepherdine, where a paffage is 

over Seaverne, was a Chaple built, wherof Thomas lord Berkeley was founder, 
wherunto his heires prefented as to a Chantry till the diffolucbn thereof by act of 
parliament ; And wherto in 25. E. 3. hee gave competent lands to maintaine a 
preift to finge there. | 

Inter ptita coram rege apud Glouc. in 37. E. 3. Rot. 29. thus ; Johes fit3 227 
Nichot Dns de Hull non poteft dedicere, quin tenetur folus mundare quandam 
gurgitem apud Hull, per quam aqua folebat currere ad Severne, quae obftructa fuit 
tempore prefentationis, fed nunc mundatur. 

The 

1 Sir John Poyntz had not fold the Manor of Hill or Hull at the end of the reign of Queen Elizab., 
for in 1604 he, with others, fuffered a Fine in this Manor to George Huntley and others. This was 
probably by way of Mortgage. Perhaps it formed a portion of the lands including the lands of Tocking- 
ton, the Manor of Iron Aclon, &c, which he fold to Nicholas Dymerie foon afterwards. (See "Memoir 
of the Poyntz Family,") pp. 83, 84. [Ed.] 

2 G VOL. Ill 



2 26 



^unDrcb of 25crftricp 

The Copihold rents of this Manor of Hill were in a . 40. Eliz. about 51'!- per 
ann, now leffened, accuftomed to bee granted for one mans life, and for foe longe 
as his wife furvivinge him fhall continue fole and chaft ; And fo the poffeffion by 
the death of every copihold tenant revertinge to the lord, to bee againe granted to 
whom it pleafeth him; Alfo the Copiholders eftate is forfeited by cofhittinge of waft, 
as fellinge of Timber without licence, &c. And by beinge not refident vpon his 
Copihold tenement and lands ; By not performance of his fervice at Courts, by 
demifing for more then one yeare, and other the like ; as by an old furvey which 
I have feene appeareth. 



ffifteene. Cl)C payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver when it is granted by parliament 

goeth with Nimpsfeild in one fome, which in the onus or charge therof in the 
Exchequer Court, is, — 8 1 !- 7! 2 d . q^. The deduction is — 36? 8*, The Remanet paid 
into the Exchequer by the Collector therof is— 6 1 !- 10! 6? q^; wherof this Townfhip 
of Hill paies — 4} 1 10' 10^ %, And that of Nimsfeild — 39' 8? 

Subfedy. ^Jn the laft Subfedy in Anno 5" Caroli were 10. fubfedy men within this 

Manor, who paid — 56? 

Able men. 3Hnb of able men fit for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, who 

appeared in a° 6'.° Jacobi at a generall mufter before Henry Lord Berkeley, then 
Lord Leiutenant of the county, were in this Townfhip — 37. 

Souldiers. 3Etlb now in a° 1639. are of trayned fouldiers vnder WiHm Thorpe Efq, their 

Captaine, — 15, wherof — 7 corfletts and 8 mufketts. 

Rates. 3£no if the wholl divifion of Berkeley accompted a 4'!* part of the county bee 

in any tax or rate for the kinge or conion wealth rated at — ioo'.'' Then this hundred 
of Berkeley paies thereof — 33'!' 3! And the townfhip of Hill — 15 s And foe after 
that proportion bee the tax more or leffe. 



3frcct)0lD# within this townfhip of Hill, which I thought 

fitteft to remember, are, vz ; 

Scotlands in Hill. 5tl1 ancient meffuage with 30 acres of land therto belonginge called Scotlands, 

the inheritance of Thomas Mallet of Rockhampton, and by him purchafed of 

Thomas Veel Efq^, late before the lands of Richard Bridges, and fomtime the land 

of Wittm Holfred, And before Clarkes, And before, the land of Richard Moore of 

Hill; 



$ifl 227 

Hill ; And are holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hame by the 
yearly rent of — 12 1 !, fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. 
weekes, And by | 

5ln this Townfhip, in a place called Woodends leies, are about 7. acr of land, 228 
late the lands of James Purlyn, fonne of Thomas, the inheritance wherof is in the ur ms an s - 
3. fifters and coheires of the faid James ; vz, Alice maryed to Richard Adams of 
Oldbury, who had a third part ; Thomas Ritch of Cleverton in Wiltfhire, fonne 
of another fifter, another third part ; And the third third part is parted betweene 
the 2. daughters and coheires of Dimery, fonne of a third fifter of the faid James 
Purlyn ; vz, Alice maried to Edward Knight of Yate, and Mary maried to Henry 
Baynham of Yate, aforefaid : And are holden of George lord Berkeley as of his 
Manor of Hame by the yearly rent of — 2 s . and fute of Court to the faid Manor. 

5Cnb by Inq : in 44. Eliz. after the death of Maurice Tovy of Thornbury, it is Purlins 
found That hee died feifed of a meffuage, orchard, garden, one curtelage, one clofe 
of arrable and pafture ground called Hifefeild ats Hewifh feild cont. 12. acres, in 
Pedington, Hame, Hill, and within the parifh of Berkeley ; holden of Henry lord 
Berkeley as of his Manor of Canonbury, but by what fervice the Jury knewe not : 
And that Mary the wife of John Babor, Jone the wife of Nicholas Baker, and 
ffrances the wife of Thomas Taylor, are his daughters and heires, of full age. 

Cl)i# land Maurice Tovy aforefaid, by deed dated in Jan. a°. 27° Eliz. purchafed 
of Robert Tilladam, And are part of the lands called Purlyns. 

See for Wickftowe fol : 214. in Hame, et Hill. 

,£>omtDf)tlt more of this Townfhip of Hill is to bee read in theis Records not 
formerly mentioned, vz, 

Inq : 33. E. 1. pro Adamo le Walfh, et Nicholao filio Radulphi. 
Inq : 6. E. 2. p' morte Nicfti filij Radi [id. 
Inq : 2. E. 2. An Ad quod damnum pro Roberto Wither. 
Inq : 9. E. 2. An Ad quod damnum pro Ada le Waleis. 
Inq : 14. E. 2. An Ad quod damnum pro Wifto Martell. 
Inq : 15. E. 2. An Ad quod damnum pro Jofte filio Nichot. 
Inq : 16. E. 3. An Ad quod damnum pro eod Jofie fit3 Nichot. 
Inq : 29. E. 3. An Ad quod damnum pro eod Jofte fit3 Nichot, et Eva vxore 
eius, pur faire entayle de Hull, &c. 

Inq : 



228 ^unorco of J&ctMcp 

Inq : 7. R. 2. An Ad quod damnum pro Thoma fit3 Nichot. 

Inq : 6. H. 5. p' morte Thome fit3 Nichot chtr. 

Michas record in Sc a cio, 20. H. 6. rot. 41. cam RerneiS Thefaur. 

Inq : 12. H. 8. pt mortem Roberti Pointz miitis. 

Inq : 3. & 4. Ph : & Mar, p' morte Nichi Pointz mittis. 

Inq : 28. Eliz. pt morte Nichi Poyntz militis. 

Hillaf Rec. in Sc a cio, 29. Eliz. Rot. 50. et 51. cm Rem Thefaur. 

Inq : 12. Jacobi, pi mortem Rici ffuft. | 



229 X?mtoru 

DtntOH : ats Hineton ; In Domefdei booke written Hinetune ; An ancient 
manor lyinge by Severne fide within the parifh of Berkeley extendinge on that fide 
vfq^ ad filum aquae Sabrinae, to the middle of the chanell of that removinge river 
where for the time the Char.nell runneth deepeft. In which manor Wittm the 
Conqueror had (as that booke fheweth,) and before him kinge Edward the Confeffor 
had, fower hides of land in Demefne. 

Cljijf Manor is parcell of the Barony of Berkeley the inheritance of George 
Lord Berkeley, holden of the Crowne by knights fervice in Capite ; And was by 
kinge H. 2. given to Robert the fonne of Harding and his heires, amongft many 
other manors, from whom it hath difcended to the lord Berkeley as heire male to 
the faid Robert, as before I have written, fol : 7. 78. etc. . 

Z\]i$ Manor of Hinton confifteth of theis fmall hamblets or remarkeable places, 
vz, Midleton, ffifhringe, Pockhampton, Ridlesford, Hinamfeild, Oldminfter, Kingf- 
hill, ffrogpit, Brokend, part of Swonhunger, ats Saniger, Shobenaffe and Metrefden. 

5[n this Manor is one of the 8 tith barnes within the parifh of Berkeley, called 
Oldminfter barne. About the leafe whereof made by Burton then Abbot of S' 
Auguftines not longe before the diffolucon of that Monaftery, to Anne lady Berkeley 
mother of the late lord Henry, a longe and bitter contention was betweene the faid 
lord Henry and Sir Thomas Throgmton of Tortworth in 22° Eliz. and divers yeares 
after; Whereof in the life of that Lord in the third booke of the hiftory of his family 
I have at large written. 

tyccve 



J^inton 

fdCCVC alfo the faid Abbot of S! Auguftines had an ancient halfe hide of land, 
which Maurice lord Berkeley the firft of that name, in the time of kinge H. 2, gave 
to the faid Abbot, wherof fee before in fol. 64. 65. in the confirmacon of Thomas 
lord Berkeley his fonne : And is nowe the inheritance of 

^DfjC payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver, when it is granted by parliament, ffifteene. 
goeth with Alkington in one fofne togeather ; Wherof the onus or charge in the 
Exchequer is — 9'!- 10 s 6 d . The deduction t, 1 '.- 3! 4I The Remanet paid into the 
Exchequer by the collector, is — 6 1 '.- 7 s 2 d , wherof this of Hinton paies — 3'!' 3* j d . 
And Alkington foe much more. 

3!lt the laft Subfedy in a° 5'? Caroli were in this village 21 fubfedy men, who Subfedy. 
paid— 8'i- 10* 8 d 

<£>f able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old in 6'.° Jac, that Able men - 
then appeared before the Lieutenant of the County at a generall Mufter, were- 46. 

Siltb of Trayned fouldiers vnder Wittm Thorpe Efqj their Captaine, are 19. vz, Souldiers. 
8. Corfletts, and 11. mulketts. 

5Cnb if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley, accompted a 4 th part of the county, bee Rates - 
rated in any taxe for the kinge or cofnon wealth at-ioo 1 '.' This hundred of Berkeley 
paies thereof — 3^: 3* And this manor of Hineton — 20' And foe after that propor- 
tion, bee the taxe more or leffe. I 



229 



Shobenafh, Shepnefh, Shepneffe, and Shepnafh, is accompted one of the little 2 3° 



hambletts of this manor : And wherin the Lords therof very aunciently, (in the 
time of kinge R. 1. at leaft,) had a parke, which parcell of ground to this day 
retaineth the name of Shepnafh parke, though fince difparked : A name wherof the 
latter fillable feemes to bee taken from the Saxon word Neffe, which feemes alfo to 
bee derived from the latine word Nafus, and fignifieth a nebbe or nofe of the land 
extended into the fea, as this place is into the river of Severne ; In like fort as 
other places of like pofition neere adioyninge, As Neffe point on the other fide this 
river, and others, have their derivations and names. 



Shepnafh parke; 
or Shepnafh point. 



3ftCCl)oUJCr£ lands within this Manor of Hineton, and 
the fmall hamblets thereof. 
^fn the faid hamblet called Pockhampton is an ancient meffuage and about Humes land. 
40. acres of land therto belonginge, the inheritance of John Hurne, who dwelleth 

thervpon, 



230 



i^unDrcO of 25crhclcp 



thervpon, holden of George lord Berkeley by the 16 th part of a knights fee, And 
by fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3 weekes, and by the 
yearly rent of — 10! As by an Inquificon found after the death of John Hurne his 
father in a°. 4. Rf Jacobi appeareth, hee the fonne then about 18. yeares of age, 
whofe wardfhip the faid Lord thervpon had ; which John the father of John died in 
39. Eliz., and was fonne of Robert Hurne who died in a° 1° Marise, and paid an 
heriott ; fonne of Thomas Hurne who died in 36. H. 8, fonne of Witim Hurne who 
died in , fonne of Robert Hurne who died in 21. H. 7, fonne of 

Hurne, fonne of Walter at Hurne, fonne of Hurne, fonne of Alexander 

in la hurne ; To whom and to Agnes his wife and to their heires Maurice lord 
Berkeley the fecond of that name, in the end of kinge Henry the Third his raigne, 
gave the fame, To hold as aforefaid : which hath ever fince continued in a lineall 
difcent in their iffue male, drawinge their Sirname from the place ; for a Hurne is 
a little thicket of thornes fhrubbs or the like fmall wood, as there then was, and 
yet is : Which originall deed remaininge with the firft named John, I have read, 
made to Alexander de Pockhampton and to Agnes his wife, as aforefaid, by the 
name of halfe a yard land in Hineton in pockhampton, late before held in villenage ; 
Rendringe-10' p Ann at 4. termes, &c. for all fervices and demaunds, Salvo regali 
fervicio, quantum pertinet ad dimidiam virgatam terras de eod feodo, which is 
knight fervice. 

And alfo with him refteth one other Deed made by the faid lord to the faid 

Alexander, by the name of Alexander in la hurne, of 3. acr of land and of the 

revertion of two little meffuages, &c. To hold in fee, Rendringe per Anil — 12*1 

And to hold as aforefaid. 

4 

ffor which fee alfo an Inq : in $7- E- 3- of knights fees belonginge to the caflle 
of Berkeley, which findeth, That the heire of Walter at Hurne then held in Hinton, 
the 16^ part of a knights fee, which Record is in the Office of the Remembrancer 
to the lord Treaforer in the Exchequer. | 






231 $CCrx alfo in Hinton is a meffuage with about 40. acres of land therto belong- 

Hurnes land infjc, the inheritance of Nathaniell Mallctt, in right of Sara his wife, daughter and 
late Berkeleis 
nowe Malleus, heire of John Hurne, fonne of Anthony Hurne, who by ffine in Michas terme A° 6. 

et 7. Eliz : and by other affurances, purchafed the fame of Thomas Berkeley of 

Berkeley gen, brother and heire of John Berkeley, fonnes of John Berkeley, fonne 

and heire of Thomas Berkeley, yongefl brother of WiHm Marques Berkeley, fonnes 

of 



^inton 231 

of James lord Berkeley, nephewe and heire male of Thomas lord Berkeley the 4^ of 
that name ; ffor which fee more in Berkeley fol : 90. And is holden of George lord 
Berkeley as of this manor of Hinton by knight fervice, fute to the hundred court of 
Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes, And by the yearly rent of — II* 2 d . ffor 
which, fee an Inq : after the death of the faid John Hurne in a° 1 1? Caroli ; Which 
fervices are alfo mentioned in the deed of 1. H. 5. wherby Thomas lord Berkeley 
aforefaid gave the fame (inter alia) to Phillip Waterton, ats Chamberlyn (becaufe his 
Chamberlaine,) and to Cicely his wife, and to the heires of his body begotten on her ; 
To hold by — 10* rent, and other fervices of old due : which Anthony Hurne died in 
39.Eliz. and was a branch derived out of the family of John Hurne of Pockhampton, 
aforefaid, ancient leffees heervnto ; ffor John Hurne in 15. H. 6. held the fame 
vnder the forefaid Phillip Waterton. 

Xloo in J^inton, in the hamblet called Midleton (quafi Midletowne,) is an Dauncies land, 
ancient meffuage and about 40. acres of land therto belonginge, the inheritance 
of Wittm Dancey of Ewley, fonne of Thomas who died , fonne of John 

who died , fonne of Giles who died ; which is called Midletons 

meffuage, which hath continued in the firname of Dancey from the time of kinge 
Henry the ffifth ; And was before the land of Arras, and before the land of Atkins 
ats Attekins, To whom Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of that name about 12. H. 3. 
gave the fame in fee, To hold of him by knight fervice, fute to his hundred Court 
at Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes, and the yearly rent of — 3' paid at 
this day ; See in Ewley. fol : 198. 

3M$0 John ffryar of Halmer, fonne of William ffryar who died in , firyars land, 

brother and heire of Maurice who died i°. Jacobi, fonnes of Thomas ffryar who died 
, fonne of Thomas who died in , nephew and heire of Richard 

ffryar who died 15. Eliz., fonnes of John ffryar who died in 5. Eliz. holdeth two 
meffuages with divers lands to them feverally belonginge, wherof the one lyinge in 
Halmer in Hinton and Hame was fometime the land of John ffrigg ; And the other 
lyinge in Halmer Hame and Hinton alfo was fomtime the land of John Attemead, 
By fervice, fute to the hundred Court of Berkeley from three weekes to 

three weekes, And by the yearly rent of — 3? 4? for a pound of comyn. | 

I^CCrc alfo are divers lands and tenements nowe the feverall inheritances of 232 
Richard Laurence and George Lewes, which they by feverall deeds in 13. 14. 15. Thorps land: 
and 16. yeares of the raigne of kinge James purchafed in fee of George Thorpe Efq^, 

fonne 



232 i^unbrcD of SScrhricp 

fonne of Nicholas, fonne of Thomas, fonne of Thomas, fonne of Richard, fonne of 
John, fonne of John Thorpe and Ifable his wife, fifter and heire of John Swonhunger 
ats Sanyger, fonne and heire of Elias Swonhunger; holden of George lord Berkeley 
by knight fervice, fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekf , 
And by the yearly rent of — 2* 6 d . to this Manor of Hinton ; whereof the faid George 
Lewes paies — 2 s . And the faid Richard Laurence — 6 d . ; who alfo paid — c/! rent for 
fome part of the faid lands lyinge within the manor of Hame. The feverall yeares 
wherin each of the feverall owners of thefe lands died, fee after in Wanifwell, fol : 
367. 368. 

2£>p Rot. paten 2. E. 2. ps. 1. in dorfo, Adam Eliott arraigned an affife againft 
Maurice fonne of Thomas lord Berkeley fen, et alios, de tentis in pockampton et 
Hineton neere to Berkeley. 

iBttljin this manor of Hinton are feverall pcells of land now the inheritance of 
Thomas Perry, fonne of Thomas Perry of Wotton gen, and of Samuell Perry fonne 
of the faid Thomas by Margery his fecond wife ; heertofore pcell of the poffeffions 
belonginge to the Chantry of S' Andrew in the church of Berkeley, and were by 
Queene Eliz. 1° Junij. a° 34° rni fui, granted vnto Henry Bed and John Wells, 
Scriveners in London, and their heires, to hold of Eaftgreenwich in Soccage : who 
by their Deed inrolled dated 20 Julij. 32 . Eliz. & inrolled 24° Julij next followinge, 
granted the fame to Thomas Perry and his heires: who by his laft will devifed them 
to Samuell his eldeft fonne by his fecond wife aforefaid, but in regard that he died 
feized of feverall lands held in Capite, the faid Thomas, fonne of Thomas, claymed 
a third part to difcend vnto him, w ch was ended by arbitrament, and pcell of theis 
lands given vnto him, and hee to releafe the reft vnto Samuell his halfe brother. | 



2 33 l?orfetlb. 



fi)orcfcilD : In Domefdei booke ^OtCfcUc ; A townfhip within two miles of the 
Citie of Briftoll, wherin Wittm the Conqueror, (which alfo Edward the Confeffor 
had, as that booke telleth vs,) eight hides of land in demefne, nowe parcell of the 
poffeffions of the Biflioppricke of Briftoll ; And hath for its neighbour borderers 
the fower Stokes, of great Stoke, Little Stoke, Stoke Gifford, and Harry Stoke. 






J^orfcilb 233 

STJjig Manor and townfhip was part of the ancient poffeffions of the Abbot and 
Covent of the Monaftery of S! Auguftines by Briftoll, And one of the Manors given 
by Robert fonne of Harding, when in the time of kinge Stephen hee firft founded 
the fame, whereof fee before in Almondefbury fol : 47, And in Afhelworth fol : 66, 
And in Berkeley fol : 82, And in Cromhall fol : 165, And in ffilton fol : 201 ; And 
continued in the hands of thofe Abbotts till the diffolucon of that Monaftery in 
31. H. 8. And vpon that kings erectinge of the Bifhopprick of Briftoll in the 34^ 
yeare of his Raigne, became by his grant parcell of the poffeffions of the Bifhop- 
pricke, As more largely in the fol : vouched doth appeare. See alfo a confirmacon 
of this manor to the Abbot, fol : 64. 65. 

ffor ffreewarren and other liberties granted by kinge E. 1, and after recited and 
confirmed by kinge E. 4, See before in Almondfbury, fol : [49] 

A booke of knights fees in the Exchequer, with the Remembrancer to the lord Regiftrum Epi 
Treaforer, faith ; John Gifford holds halfe a knights fee in Horefeild of Thomas de ° 
Berkeley, which is nowe the land of 

3Ill the yeare 1472, A° 12. E. 4, A compofition was made betweene Walter Chapell 
Newbury then Abbot of the monaftery of S! Auguftines by Briftoll, And Wittm 
Meredith then Rector of the parifh church of ffilton in the Dioces of Worcefter, 
concerninge certaine tythes, Reall mixt and perfonall, out of lands in the limitts and 
borders of the Chaple of Horefeild, called Brewefhold ; wherby the Abbot was to 
have the Tithes, and to pay the Rector of the Church of ffilton — 6 s S d . p ann at 
Michas ; which was confirmed by John then Bifhop of Wore', And is to this day 
paid by the Bifhop of Briftoll, within which Deanry of Briftoll this Chaple or 
Church is. 

Cf)C paym' of the ffifteene or Kingefilver when it is granted by parliament, ffifteene. 
goeth in one foine with ffilton, And pay into the Receipt of this Exchequer 
3 1 !- 10 s 6 d . cfc. 

3JIt the laft Subfedy in a° 5'.° Caroli Rf , were 4 Subfedy men in Horfeild, who Subfedy. 
paid — 42 1 



3In 6'? Jacobi, vpon a generall view of able men betweene 20. and 60. years Able men. 
old, were inrolled, ferviceable for the warres, — 16. 

2 H VOL. Ill 



234 J^untirco of 23crftriep 

Soldiers. %\\ti now in a? 1639. are of trayned Souldiers vnder Thomas Chefter Efcjj, 

their Captaine. 

Rates. 3CltD if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley accompted a 4^ part of the County bee 

taxed at — ioo 1 !' vpon any rate for Kinge or Cofhon-wealth, The Hundred of 
Berkeley paieth thereof — 33 u .- 3! And this townfhip of Horfeild — 15' | 
234 blank 



2 35 ^unttngforb. 

t)tllitingfoCD : not mentioned in the booke of Domefdei ; Aunciently written 
Hunteneford, and 

<£>f old noe manor ; After, a manor ; nowe only a manor in reputation, within 
the parifh of Wotton vnderedge, and Leet of the hundred of Berkeley ; where at 
Berkeley the Inhabitants appeare and ferve vnder the name of a Tithingman and 
his tithinge ; And is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his Manor of Wotton 
Vnderedge by the 4 th part of a Knights fee, and fute to his hundred Court of 
Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes. 

CtltsJ ffarme of Huntingford, (for foe it is nowe fitted to bee called,) was given 
by kinge Henry the fecond in the firft yeare of his raigne to Robert the fonne of 
Harding and his heires, amongft much other land ; And paffed vnder the name 
of Wotton as parcell of that manor and lyinge in the vttermoft fkirt therof, South- 
weft ward ; Wherof fee more in Wotton, fol : 403. 

<£>f this land ffarme or Manor, the faid Robert the fonne of Harding about 
10. H. 2. enfeoffed Elias his brother in fee, by the name of one hide of land, to 
hold of him by the 4 th pte of a knights fee : which Elias had iffue Hardinge, who 
from the place of his abode was vfually written j^arbillg of Dunnngfoit), and by 
Dionifia his wife had iffue one daughter called Matilda, ats Maud, who was maried 
to Galfridus vitulus, ats Geffry le Veel, a gentleman of a remarkeable family, much 
favoured by kinge John, and of fpeciall acceptation with many great Lords of that 
time, As by divers Records in the Tower of London in thofe daies appeareth. To 
w ch Geffrey Veel alfo Robert Lord Berkeley, grandchilde of the forefaid Robert 
fonne of Harding, did in the time of the faid kinge John give in ffrankmaryage 

with 






ii)untingfor& 235 

with the faid Matilda or Maud his cozen, ditfs other parcells of land in Hunteneford, 
and in the fkirts of his chafe (or fforreft as in that Deed it is called,) of Mukelwood, 
wherby the aforefaid hide of land was much enlarged. 

Xt)()irf) Geffry and Maud had iffue Robert Veel who died in H. 3, leavinge 

iffue Robert Veel knight, who by Hawifia his wife had iffue Peter Veel, and died 
in E. 1. The faid Peter Veel died in the life time of his father, but by Cicely 
his wife left iffue Peter Veel who died in 1 7. E. 3. leavinge iffue by Cicely his wife 
another Peter Veel knight, who died in , And by Elizabeth his wife left 

iffue Sir Thomas Veel knight, who died in , and by Hawifia his wife left 

iffue John Veel who died in 36. H. 6. And by Alice his wife who died in 3. H. 7. 
leaft iffue Robert Veel, 2 Wittm, and 3 John ; The faid Robert Veel died in 
13. E. 4. and by Elizabeth his wife leaft iffue Alice his only childe maried to Sir 
David Mathew knight, which Alice died in , whom her faid hufband furvived 

and died in 19. H. 7. Betweene which Sir David and Alice were 4. daughters and 
coheires ; viz, Elizabeth maried to Hurd, of whom is iffue at this day ; 

Anne fecond daughter maried to John Baynham of Weftbury, father of Wittm 
Baynham, father of Jofeph Bainham, father of Alexander Bainham, who by 
Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Arnold Oldifworth late of Bradley, have iffue 
[Jofeph] Bainham, and others, that nowe are a° 1639. And alfo the faid Anne 
was maried to Thomas Morgan Efc^ : Katherine the third daughter of the faid Sir 
David and Alice was maried to Henry Ogan, who died in 10. H. 8. And the faid 
Katherine died in 24. H. 7. before her hufband. Betweene whom was iffue Jone 
their only childe, maried to Richard Cornewall Efqj, who died in 11. Eliz. And 
the faid Jone died in 36. H. 8. before her hufband ; betweene | whom was iffue 236 
Edmond Cornwall, called Baron of Burford in Shropfhire, who aliened this manor 
or farme of Huntingford, as after followeth. And Margaret, the fourth daughter 
of the faid Sir David Mathew and Alice, was married to Wittm ThrockmVm, fonne 
of Chriftopher ; which Wittm died in 28. H. 8. And the faid Margaret died in 
; and had iffue betweene them Sir Thomas Throkmton knight, who died in 
10. Eliz. And by Margaret his wife daughter and coheire of Thomas Whittington 
Efcjy who furvived her hufband, and died in 21. Eliz. had iffue betweene them Sir 
Tho : Throkmerton knight, who died in a° 5'.° Jacobi, who purchafed in a° 
Eliz. this manor or farme of the faid Edmond Cornwall, Baron of Burford, to whofe 
grandmother Katherine maried to Ogan, and to his mother Jone, a great part 
therof was allotted in ptition, wherby the faid Sir Thomas Throkmerton, addinge 
to what hee before had from his grandmother (Margaret,) became fole feifed therof; 

and 

2 h 2 



236 



^unDrrti of SSerftdep 



Mathewes land. 



237 

Hickes land. 



and foe dyed feized, leavinge Sir William Throkmton knight, created Baronet, his 
only fonne and heire ; who by his deed inrolled in Chancery dated 1° Novembr. 
a° 6. Jacobi, aliened the fame to Thomas Tracy, who with the faid Sir William by 
their Deed inrolled in the court of Comon pleas, wherin they ioyned, dated 
18. Aprit. 13. Jacobi, fold the fame to Sir Henry Bainton knight ; And from him 
the fame came to Elizabeth his daughter, and her heires, by his will the yeare after, 
a° 14. Jacobi, who was maried to John Dutton of Shirborne, who had this land 
(inter alia) in fee conveyed vnto him as her mariage portion, who lately hath fold 
the fame to Thomas Graile, fonne of Edmond, whofe the fame nowe is, a° 1639. 

Cf)C faid Wittm Veel fecond brother of Robert Veel died in 9. H. 7, leavinge 
iffue Wittm Veel who died 23. H. 7. and was father of Edward Veel of Over, and 
of Wittm Veel of Acton ; Which Edward had iffue Edward Veel and others, of 
whom is iffue at this day, 1639. And the faid Wittm Veel of Aclon had iffue 
Nicholas Veel of Allefton, who had iffue Thomas Veel of Allefton that nowe is, 
a° 1639, Captaine of a trayned band of 150. fouldiers in this hundred of Berkeley, 
often before mentioned ; A prudent gent of much remarkeablenes in his countrey ; 
The ancient word or mottoe of whofe family is, face aut tace. Betweene which 
William Veel, who died in 9. H. 7. and Wittm his fonne and heire who died in 
23. H. 7, who claymed this land (with others) as heire male to the faid Robert, by 
an old entaile, And the faid David Mathew and Alice his wife as in her right, who 
claymed as heire generall to the faid Robert Veel her father, were great and longe 
contentions in the times of kinge H. 7. and H. 8 ; in the fecond yeare of whofe 
raigne thofe fuites tooke endinge, when the heire generall caryed this land. 

Xl'JO of this old ffarme or manor John Mathewe, fonne of John Mathewe 
Clerke, holds about 32. acres with a mill in Huntingford, which the faid John the 
father in Jacobi, purchafed of Elianor Meffenger, who in 3".° Jacobi purchafed 

the fame of Jerome Vizar, And hee by deed dated 1° mcij. a° 41 Eliz : of John 
Bridges ; And hee by deed dated 20. Maij, A° 22 Eliz. of the faid Edmond 
Cornewall, fonne of Richard and Jone his wife, as aforefaid. | 

%\0O another part of this old ffarme or Manor containinge about 40. acres is 
the inheritance of Wittm Hickes fonne of Thomas Hickes who died in 42 Eliz. 
fonne of John Hicks who by deed dated 9? Maij 10 Eliz. and by a feoffment in 
Aprill a" 14. Eliz. purchafed the fame of the faid Edmond Cornwall, one of the 
coheires of the faid Robert Veel, defcendinge to him as is aforefaid ; which faid 
John Hickes the purchafer died in 31. Eliz. 

3Ueo 



Ipuntiiigforb 



237 



9tla'0 another part of this ffarme or manor containinge about 18. acres, in two Sm y thes Iand - 
clofes lyinge togeather called Veelfraydings in Nybley adioyninge to Michaelwood, 
is the inheritance of you John Smyth my fonne, conveyed by mee vnto you vpon 
your mariage ; And which I purchafed of the faid Sir William Throkmton, and 
which had difcended to him as aforefaid. 

%\0O the faid Wittm Hickes fonne of Thomas holdeth a meffuage in Hunting- Hlckes land 
ford and a fmall parcel! of land therto belonginge, which Thomas ap Morgan and 
Anne his wife, fecond daughter and coheire of the faid David Mathewe and Alice 
his wife, daughter and heire of Robert Veel aforefaid, by deed dated 17° Martij. 
36. H. 8, fold to John Hickes clothier ; which Deed is in the cuftody of Morgan 
Hicks of Cromhale, who hath divers lands which were the faid Wittm Hickef's in 
the pifh of Tortworth, which paffed in the faid Deed ; And which alfo is inrolled 
before Richard Braine then Juftice of Peace and Wittm Shotteffore then clarke of 
the peace of this county : Which John Hickes the purchafer was father of John 
Hickf, father of the faid Thomas Hickf, father of the faid Wittm ; Of which 
difcent fee more in fol : 93. 103. 

25p deed without date Dns Robertus le Veel granted vnto Ade de Durfewelle Durfewells land, 
tres acras terras arrabilis in angulo campi mei qui vocatur Camelham iuxta Mucle- 
wood, infra villam meam de Hunteneforde. To hold vnto the faid Ade and his 
heires, vnder the yearely rent of — -iS 1 ! payable at Midfofner and at Michas, pro 
oibus fecl;is fervicijs et demandis fecularibus : Which peece lyeth vnder the fouth 
hill of Michaelwood above Damery bridge, (and is reputed within the tythinge of 
Alkington ;) ffrom which Ade de Durfewelle for a courfe of above 400. yeares, (vz, 
from the beginninge of H. 3. when this Sir Rob' le Veel lived,) this land with a 
fmall tenem! in Tortworth of about 40? p ann, is difcended in the male line vnto 
George Dufwell fonne of Dufwell, the prefent owner thereof, 1641. 



SiittgC H. 3. in the i2 l . h yeare of his raigne did difafforreft his forreft of Hor- 
wood, not farre from Sodbury, for 500. markes, paid by the men dwellinge about 
the fame (faith the Record,) And the fame yeare for 200. markes more paid by the 
men of Gloucefterfhire hee difafforrefted all the woods lands and townes inter 
bofcum de furcis prope Briftoll et Hunteneford ; et inter aquam de Severne, &c, 
tarn de venatione, quam de oibus alijs qua; ad foreftam et foreftarios pertinent. So 
that the bounds of huntinge and of the kings game of deere and his progenitors' 
on the I further fide, And the confines of the Lord Berkeleys manor and hundred 

of 



The name. 



238 



238 $unb«D of SScrftricp 

of Berkeley, of their free warren and huntings on this fide that river and fourd, 
(both heere at this manor houfe meetinge and bounded with a mutuall ne plus vltra 
on either fide,) may probably feeme to have given the name, from that fourd, to the 
ffarme or hide of land adioyninge therto. Rot. finiu. 12. H. 3. ps. 1. mem : 5. et 
Rot. carta£. 12. H. 3. membr. 5. Et 13. H. 3. ps. 1. membr. 18. 

23p a Deed in Berkeley caftle without date but in the time of kinge John, 
Maud la Veel daughter and heire of Harding and of Dionife of Huntenford, (v/^ 
Maud was wife of Geffry le Veel,) gave a mill and certaine lands in Kingfwood to 
the Abbot of Kingfwood, in pure Almes ; To which deed are 36 witneffes ; And 
this lies next about the Monaftery. 

Kinge John, in the 7*? yeare of his raigne, confirmed to Geffry Veel (amongft 
many other things) the land hee had of the guift of Robert lord Berkeley with 
Maud the daughter of Hardinge of Hunteneford in frankmariage, All the land 
which came to her from her father in Hunteneford, And all the land which came to 
her from Dionifia her mother in the fame towne, with many other parcells in this 
record perticulerly rehearfed ; And alfo confirmed to him All other lands which hee 
fhould afterwards purchafe of any perfon. Rot. Cartaa. 7. Jofeis. n° 80. membr. 9. 

23p a deed without date, which was (hewed mee by Sir Thomas Throkinrton 
See before, fol. 31, j n 20. R{\ Jacobi, wherout I then tooke theis notes, That Robert de Berket gave 
to Geffry Veel and his heires, divers &c. the faid Deed is in latin to this effecl ; 
Robtus de Berket dedit Galfrido vitulo et heredibus fuis diverfas parvas parcellas 
terre in Hunteneford, Et totum affartum illud in orientali parte bofci fui de Mucle- 
wood, quod Radulphus fcai affartavit, Reddendo pklco Roberto et heredibus fuis 
quindecim folidos per Anu ad feftm Sci Micfris et feftm Pafche, pro oibus fervicijs 
et demandis, Salvo regali fervicio quantum ad vnam virgatam terrse pertinet. Et 
etiam conceffit viginti porcos, quietos de pannagio in bofco fuo de Muclewood 
pMiclo, five claufus fuerit five non ; Habend et tenend p\lco Galfrido vitulo et 
heredibus fuis, &c. 

And alfo in this deed is another parcell of land affarted out of the faid wood 
called Muclewood, granted to the faid Geffery Veel and his heires, lyinge next 
Woodyates on the north part, and the meadowe ground called Wingefmore on the 
eaft part, and the ground of the faid John Mathew called Huntall on the South 
part ; And is divided from the other grounds of the faid Thomas Graile by a little 

brooke 



3^- 






^unringforb 

brooke on the eaft and fouth parts called Camilham, which ground foe affarted 
containes about 8 acres, and is called Woodleies ; And for this ground is paid — 6"! 
towards the kings ffifteene or tenth when it is granted by parliament, with the 
tythinge or manor of Alkington. 

By Inq : in 6'? Jac. after the death of the faid Sir Thomas Throkniton, it is 
found that hee died feized in fee of the manor of Huntingford, holden of the lord 
Berkeley as of his manor of Berkeley by knight fervice : And alfo of divers fmall 
parcells of land in Huntingford, And of a certaine affart in the eaft part of Michael- 
wood wood containinge 8. acres, other then the manor of Huntingford aforefaid, 
holden of the heire of Robert de Berkeley by — 15? yearly rent, but by what other 
fervices the Jury knewe not; And that hee died 31 Januar. 5'? Jacobi, And that 
Wittm was his fonne and heire, 28. yeares old. 



2 39 



Rot. Claus, in arce London. 18. E. 3. ps. 1. in dorfo, containes a procedendo 
in the fute betweene Katherine the widowe of Sir Peter le Veel, and Jone the 
widowe of Henry le Veel, for the third part of the manor of Huntingford and of 
Oldbury iuxta Thornbury. | 

The payment of the fhfteenth and Tenth goeth with 



239 

ffifteene. 



In the laft Subfedy in 5'.° Regis Caroli, were only two Subfedy men in this Subfedy. 
hamblet, who paid — 14' S d . 

In a° 6 to Jacobi, vpon a generall Mufter, were 4. able men betweene 20. and Able men. 
60 yeares old, ferviceable for warre. 

And nowe, 1639, hath of Trayned fouldiers , vnder Thomas Veel Efq^ Souldiers. 

their Captaine, wherof 

And if the whole Divition of Berkeley bee taxed at — ioo 1 !- then this hundred Rates, 
paies therof — 33 1 '/ 3? And this hamblet of Huntingford — 5? wherof the ffarme paies 
the one halfe, and the reft of the inhabitants the other. 



The whole hamblet or Tithinge confifts but of 5 tenements befides the farme, People. 
In all which at this day are 27 foules. See after in Wotton fol : 415. 

More 



240 J^unbrcb of 25erftclcp 

More of this farme or manor or tythinge of Huntingford may bee read in 
theis Records, none of which are formerly mentioned ; vz 
Liber feod mittum in Sccio. in temp : E. i. 

Inq : 19. H. 7. p'. mortem David Mathew mittis. — per fervic mil. 
Inq : 20. H. 7. p' mortem Witti Veel. — per fervic militare. 
Trinity Records 20. H. 7. Rot. 3. in Sccio, cm Rein Thefaur. — per ferv: mit. 
Inq : 23. H. 7. p' mortem Witti Veel. 

Originatt : 2. H. 8. Rot. 54. in Sccio, cm ReiS Thefaur. — per fervic mit. 
Originat. 3. H. 8. Rot. 42. in Sccio cm Rein Thefaur. 
Inq : 3. H 8. p' mortem Katherinae Ogan in Sccio. 
Originatt. 7. H. 8. et 8. H. 8. Rot. 35. in Scio pred. 
Inq : 10. H. 8. p l mortem Henrici Ogan. — per fervic mit. 
Hitt : records. 11. H. 8. Rot. 7. in Scio pM. 
Mich : Records 12. H. 8. Rot. 28. in Scio pd. — per fervic mit. 
Inq : 36. H. 6. p! mortem Johis Veel : with a good court roll the fame 

yeare ; — per fervicium militare. 
Micfias rec. 13. H. 8. Rot. n. in Sccio. 
Pafch : rec. 2. E. 6. Rot. 32. in Sccio pM. 
Inq : 10. Eliz. p' mortem Thomae Throkmton mittis. 
Inq : 12. p' mortem Johannae Cornwall. — per fervic mit. 
Inq : 42. Eliz. ps. 2. poft mortem Thomae Hickes. 
Carta irrotulat in Cancellar, 6. Jac. inter Throkmton et Tracy, 
ffinis in banco, 13. Jac : Teriii pafche, Inter Bainton Tracy et Throkmton. 
Carta irrot in banco, Pafch : 13. Jac : Rot. ^,^. inter Bainton et Tracy. 
Vltima voluntas Edri Bainton pd, about a° 14° Jacobi. 
Inqu : 6. Jac : p. mortem Thomae Throkiuton mittis. — per fervic mit. 
Court roll of Wotton fforren, 36. H. 6. J ones le Veel Ar obijt feitus de 

manerio de Huntingford, tent per medietatem feodi mittis. — Redd — 15? 

et Sect de 3. feptiman in tres feptiin, et mountuaf, vn equs et vna cella 

et freno cum alia armatura, et Robtus eft filius et heres 26. annop. | 

240 blank 

24 1 l}ttrst. 

Dur^t : anciently written tyevgt and ll)irgt ; wherof George Lord Berkeley is 
Lord ; A manor lyinge within the parifh of Slimbridge, confiftinge of the fniall 
hamblets of Gofington, of which I have before written in fol: 203, and of Kingfton, 

Morend 



Durat 241 

Morend, Woodwards greene, and Hurft it felfe, which giveth name to the wholl 
manor and tithinge. 

It feems the name is derived from the fcituacon of the Capitall meffuage or 
manor houfe called Hurft or Hirft farms, at this day rented at — 21 1 1 ! p ann, feated 
vpon the vppermoft rifinge or topp of a fmall hill in a plaine, In old Saxon Englifh 
called an Hirft ; or in thother old fenfe of Herft which in the fame tongue is a 
wood, it well agreeth with this manor houfe, feated in and by the woods of Chifel- 
hungre, Priors wood, Redwood, Brandwood and others, for moft part converted 
nowe into pafture and arrable grounds. 

23p an Inq : in 42. E. 3. after the death of Maurice Lord Berkeley the 4'!" 
Lord of that name, this manor is found to bee holden of the Lord Clifford of the 
North, wherwith alfo agreeth the Certiorare of that record in 16. H. 6. But more 
truly, I take this manor to bee an ancient parcell of the manor and Barony of 
Berkeley, and holden of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, though it bee not 
mentioned in the booke of Domefdei, nor in any record that I have obferved before 
the raigne of kinge H. 3 ; and paffed to Robert the fonne of Hardinge by the 
grant of kinge H. 2. vnder the name of Came, with all the reft of the Berewic or 
members appertaininge then to Berkeley, which fee before in fol : 7. et 8. Other- 
wife Came neither had nor hath foe many hides of land as are mentioned in 
Domefdei booke. 

jfrccftoItlS within this manor and tithinge of Hurft and Ryvers lands 

rtts Archers, 
the hambletts therof, of moft remarkeablenes, vz, 

^fll the hamblet of Kingfton principally, but fcatteredly throughout the whole 
manor of Hurft and parifh of Slimbridge, are certaine freehold lands comonly and 
of old called Rivers lands, but from a later owner often alfo called Archers land, as 
after followeth ; holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hurft aforefaid, 
by knight fervice, heriot fervice, and fute to his hundred court of Berkeley from 3. 
weekf to 3 weekes, and by the yearly rent of paid to this manor of Hurft, 

and paid to the manor of Slimbridge. 

3if)C originall creation of the tenure of this land is found by verdicl of a Jury 
at Glouc vpon an Affife tryed before William de Saham and his fellowe Juftices 
itinerant, entred in the coiiiom pleas records in Eafter terme, 15. E. 1. Rotulo 3. 
in dorfo ; which fhewes that Thomas Lord Berkeley (the firft of that name) in the 
time of kinge H. 3. therof enfeoffed one Alured de Kingfton in fee, who had iffue 

Richard 

2 1 VOL. Ill 



242 ©unbrco of 25crhdcp 

Richard de Kingfton, who had iffue Robert de Kingfton knight, who for theis 
lands, was in ward to Thomas lord Berkeley (the fecond of that name) grandchilde 
of the faid lord Thomas the ffeoffor; which Sir Robert died without iffue, And that 
Alice was his fifter and heire, maried to Madrefdon, who (furvivinge her hufband) 
did by the name of Agnes de Madrefdon in 5. E. 2. gave the fame to Richard de 
riparijs and to Sara de Hagle her neece in marriage, and to his heires, by the name 
of a Meffuage and a carucate of land in Kingfton and Gofington, fomtimes the | 
242 lands of Robert de Kingfton. To which Richard de Riparijs (ats Ryvers) and 
the faid Sara his wife, and to the heires of the faid Richard, Thomas lord Berkeley 
the third of that name by his deed in 4. E. 3. granted cofnon of pafture vpon the 
warth called Slimbridge warth, for all his tenants of his faid lands and tenements in 
Kingfton, Gofington, Slimbridge, and Hurft, at all times of the yeare, without any 
thinge payinge or doinge for the faid cofnon in the name of Agiftment: which deed, 
copied lately by mee out of the originall vnder feale remaininge with Jofeph Bridger 
of Gofington hall, is in theis words. — QnibCtsig Chrifti fidelibus prefens fcriptum 
vifuris vel audituris, Thomas de Berkeley Dns de Berkeley falutem in Dfio. 
Noveritis me conceffiffe et prefenti fcripto confirmaffe, ctno Richardo de Rivers et 
Sare vxori eius, coiam pafturce in quadam placea pafture vocata le Warth, quae 
quidem placea iacet inter aquam Sabrifi ex vna parte, et villatas de Kingfton et 
Slimbrugg ex altera parte, vz, comunicand in paftura pdca cum oibus fuis tenentibus 
in terris et tentis fuis de Kingefton, Gofington, Slimbrugg, et Hurft, quocunq, 
tempore anni. Habend et tenend' c5iam paftur pMcam cum oibus fuis pertinen pYaf 
Rico et Sarse et heredebus pdci Rici, libere, quiete, bene et in pace, abfque aliquo 
mihi vel heredibus meis dando vel faciendo pro coia pdca nomine agiftiament vel 
aliquo alio modo imperpetuum. In cuius rei teftimonium huic fcripto prefenti 
figillum meum appofui, Hijs teftibus, Rotito de Afton, WiHmo de Chiltenham. 
Johanne Sergeant, Rico Billinge, Johe Colines et alijs. Datu apud Berkeley in fefto 
circumcifionis Dili, Anno regni regis Edwardi tertij a conqueftu quarto. A privi- 
ledge continued to this day, 1639. ffrom the poffeffion of which Richard Rivers 
theis lands have the name of Rivers lands frequently in the fpeach of each inhabi- 
tant there. 

The faid Richard Rivers, afterwards a knight, fonne of Robert de riparijs, 
had to his fecond fonne to whom hee gave theis lands, Richard Rivers, who alfo had 
iffue Richard Rivers, who left iffue I fable and J one, his two daughters and coheires. 
Ifable the eldeft daughter was maried to Clavild, who had iffue Richard 

Clavild a marchant of Briftoll, who died in I.E. 5. leaving iffue Richard Clavild, 

who 



$Ut#t 243 

who died in 2. R. 3. without iffue ; wherby his lands reforted to feeke an heire in 
the iffues of Jone his grandmothers fifter ; which Jone was married to John Archer 
fonne of Thomas Archer, who had iffue betweene them John Archer; And the faid 
Jone died in 8. H. 5. In whofe raigne died alfo the faid John Archer her fonne, 
leavinge iffue John Archer who died in , leaving iffue Thomas Archer 

who died in 23. H. 7. leaving iffue two daughters and coheires, vz, Jone firft maried 
to Richard Hanis, and fecondly to Robert Taylor, by both whom fliee had iffue as 
followeth ; And I fable her fifter was maried to Richard Spratton. 

The faid Jone by Richard Hanis her firft hufband who died in 25. H. 8. had 
iffue Thomas Hanis, who died in 2° Eliz. leavinge iffue Thomas Hanis, who died 
in 36. Eliz. leaving iffue Wittm Hanis, who with his eldeft fonne have aliened all 
the purpart that belonged to them foe that nothinge remaineth. And the faid Jone 
by the faid Robert Taylor her fecond hufband had iffue Wittm Taylor, who died 
leavinge iffue John Taylor, father of John Taylor yet livinge, who and 
his fonne Humphrey Taylor have in 21. Jacobi, and in 2° Rf Caroli, aliened all 
their lands which their anceftor had from the faid Jone, to Ambrofe Huntley ats 
Simonds and his heires, except one houfe and orchard called Dukes place, wheron 
the faid John Taylor now dwelleth, 1639. and one clofe cont 3. acres neere the 
fame, which alfo were parcel! of theis lands called Rivers lands : And by the death 
of the faid Ambrofe Huntley ats Simonds in 8° Caroli, | his fonne Stephen then of 243 
the age of 1 3. yeares became in ward to the Lord Berkeley, and foe yet is. 

And the faid Richard Spratton and Ifable his wife, fecond daughter and co- 
heire of the faid Thomas Archer, aliened in 21. H. 7. their part of theis Rivers 
lands to Thomas Cooke of Salifbury, who died in 15. H. 8. leavinge iffue Wittm 
Cooke, who died in leavinge iffue Thomas Cooke, who in Eliz. 

fold the fame to Richard Trotman, who died in Jacobi, and was father of 

Edward Trotman, by whofe death in 16. Jac, his fonne Richard Trotman, who yet 
liveth, became in ward for the fame to the Lady Eliz. Berkeley widowe, who then 
had the manors of Hurft and Slimbridge in Joincture : ffor more wherof fee my 
booke of Wardfhips and Releifes, fol : 17. 18. And by the death of the faid Richard 
fonne of Edward in 15. Car, Richard his fonne was in ward, As his office in 16' 
Car. fheweth : And how hee difpofed of part of his lands to 4. of his yonger fonnes ; 
See after fol : 244, 248, 249, 250. 

The faid Ifable the elder of the two daughters and coheires of Richard Rivers, 
maried to Clavild, vpon the death of their grandchilde Richard Clavild in 2. R. 3. 

leaft 



2.|4 ©unorco of 25crhdcp 

leaft fuch an entaile of part of their faid lands called Rivers lands as brought a good 
portion of them to Richard Tindall, who died in leavinge iffue John 

Tindall who died in 6. H. S. leavinge iffue Richard Tindall iun of Southend in 
Stinchcombe ; By whofe death in 15. Eliz. the fame difcended to his 2 daughters 
and coheires, vz, Katherine maried to Robert Afhton, and to Alice maried to 
Thomas Afhton, two brothers to two fifters, who betweene them have likewife fold 
all away as after in part (hall appeare ; The evidences which make good what is 
before written touchinge theis Rivers lands, have beene lent mee to perufe by the 
faid Wittm Hanis, and John Taylor : The refidue are either in Berkeley caftle, or 
in theis Records followinge not formerly mentioned ; vz, 

Inq : 23. H. 7. pi mortem Thome Archer, virtute officij : but filed in the 

bundle of 3. H. 7. by a miftake of the clarkes. 
Recuperatio in teriTi Michis, 21. H. 7. Rot. 453. per Cooke, verfus Ricum 

Sprotton et Ifabella vxore eius. 
Inq : 15. H. 8. pi morte Thomae Cooke. 

ffinis in banco in Micftas terme. 22. et 30. Eliz. pro Pleadall. 
Inq : 30. Eliz. p' morte Rici Tindall. 

Inq: t>3- Eliz p'. morte pJci Rici Tindall, Melius Inquirenct. 
Inq : 15. Caroli p' morte Mathei Smyth. — per ferviciii militare. 
Inq : 7. Car. virtute officij, p' morte Simonis Ludby,— per fervic' mit et 

heriet 
Inq : 8. Car. p'. morte Ambrofij Huntley ais Simonds, — per fervic mil. 
Inq : 37. E. 3. in fccio pro feod" fpeclah ad Maniu de Berkeley. 
Inq : 2. Caroli, p'. morte Rici Bower, — per fervic mit et heriet. 
Inq : 6. Jacobi, p! morte Witti Huntley, — per fervic mit. — a wardfhip. 
Inq : 2. Caroli, p! morte Witti Tecle : — per fervic mit. — et heriet. 
Grant of Wittm Effingtons wardfhip 2° Caroli, to Laur Bridger, — for part 

of Rivers land, — per fervic mit et heriet. 
Inq : 9. Caroli, p' morte I home Davis, — per fervic mit et heriet. 
Grant of Richard Trotmans wardfhip and heriots, 2° Jac, vt antea. 
Grant of the wardfhip of Anne daughter of Wittm Huntley in 6. Jac, to 

nice, And my affignement to her mother; w' 1 ' Anne died in 8. Jacobi. 
Court Roll of Hurft 6. H. 8, John Tindall died &c ; cap: mefs called 
Rivers, &c : p fervic militare, et heriet. wardfhip. And 1. E. 5. when 
Richard Clayfeild died, — per fervic mit. et heriet. 
Inq: 16. Rf Caroli, p! morte Johis Trotman, filij Mauricij, fit jufi. Witti 
Trotman filij jufi. Johis Trotman. — per fervic militare. | 

Inq : 16. 



Durjtt 2 45 

Inq : 16. Regis Caroli, p' morte Rici Trotman apud Tetbury: Wardfhip and 244 
two heriotts, vt antea. 

Alicia de Kingfton aforefaid, by her deed without date about the end of kinge 
H. 3, granted to Maurice lord Berkeley and his heires All the fervices of Robert 
de Dounton her nephewe and of his heires, of thofe lands and tenements which 
fometimes were Robert de Kingfton's her brother, which are by knight fervice : 
ffor which the faid lord Maurice paid — 5''.- 

Rot. paten 25. E. 1. ps. 2. in dorfo rotuli ; Thomas de Kingfton arr affifa 
verfus Thoma Diiu de Berkeley et at, de 50. acr terre in Slimbridge. 

iZTf)Ci)Sf lands called Rivers lands have afforded 10 feverall wardfhips to the 
Lords of the Seignoury fince I was Steward of this manor of Hurft ; As appeareth 
in a velam booke in quarto carefully kept by mee : And nowe are the feverall in- 
heritances of theis 36. perfons ; vz, 

Richard Trotman, now in ward, 1640, fonne of Richard, fonne of Edward, 
fonne of Richard, (of whom, fee before, fol : 243.) holdeth a meffuage in Kingfton 
in the parifli of Slimbf, with 40. acres of land therto belonginge, mentioned in an 
office after the death of Richard Trotman the father, found virtute officij in 16. Rf 
Caroli ; fhewinge alfo how hee bequeathed pte of his lands to 4. of his yonger 
fonnes, as followes, fol : 248. 

Jofeph Bridger, fonne of Lawrance Bridger, clarke. 

Richard Bower, fonne of Richard who died in 18? Jacobi, as an Inq: in 2° 
Caroli fhewes, feifed of 3. Cottages and 10 acres of land, holden by knight fervice 
and heriott, and S d . oft. rent : which Richard, at the death of his faid father, was 
vnder the age of 9. yeares. 

Giles Parke. | 

William Effington. 245 

Robert ffrape, 

John 



246 J^unbrco of 25crhclep 

John Taylor, 

Vrian Wife, gen. 

The heires of Humphrey Taylor, 

John Thaier, fonne of John, 

Thomas Smyth, fonne of Mathewe, holdeth 2. meffuages and 2. acres and a 
quarter in Slimbridge and Came, therto belonginge, pcell of theis Rivers lands ; 
holden of the lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hurft by fute to his hundred Court 
of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3 weekes, and by knight fervice : ffor which fee a 
very perticuler and exa6l office in 15. Caroli, found by himfelfe. 

John Lewis, 

Edward Bower, | 

246 Arthur Bridger, 

Robert Davis holdeth one clofe of meadowe called Tachcroft containinge 6. 
acres, and 3. acres of arrable land in the feilds called the Linch and Southworthy, 
which hee purchafed of Simon Munden and Richard Munden, to whom Simon 
Ludby devifed the fame in fee in 7. Rf Caroli, havinge formerly purchafed the fame 
of John Taylor and Humphrey his fonne, As by office found in 7. Caroli, after the 
death of the faid Simon Ludby appeareth. 

William Sheppard in right of Margaret Bromwich his wife, the revercon to 

Maurice Edwards, 

Guy 



^ur^aft 247 

Guy Heathfeild tenant by the curtefy after the death of Elizabeth his wife, 
daughter and 



John Ward in right of Edith Davis his wife, 

Andrew Pegler, 

John Wood, 

Thomas Powell, | 

Elizabeth, one of the 3. daughters and coheires of Thomas Lucas, 247 

Mathea, one other of the 3. daughters and coheires of Thomas Lucas, 

Agnes, one other of the 3. daughters and coheires of Thomas Lucas, 

Nathaniell Cowley, 

Richard Smyth, clerke, in right of Mary his wife one of the three fifters and 
coheires of Wilhn Hardinge, fonne of Richard 



Elizabeth, one other of the 3 fifters and coheires of the faid William Hardinge, 
fonne of Richard, 



Sara, one other of the 3 fifters and coheires of the faid Wittm Harding fonne 
of Richard, 

Richard 



248 ISjunbrcb of 23rrhricp 

Richard Peglar, 
Richard Andrewes, 

Thomas ffreame, in right of Alice his wife, daughter and heire of | 
248 Stephen Huntley ats Simonds, fonne of Ambrofe, for 

Simon Ludby, 

John Ludby, in right of his wife, daughter 

Elizabeth Bower, daughter of 



Samuell Trotman, brother and heire of John, fonnes of Maurice Trotman of 
Bradfton, holdeth one Clofe of meadowe called the breach, containinge 4 acres 
in Slimbridge, which the faid Maurice by Deed dated 6. Julij. a° 17 Rf Jacobi 
purchafed of the faid Wittm Hanis and Thomas his fonne ; ffor which fee an Inq : 
virtute officij found after the death of the faid Maurice, 9. Apritt. a° 16! Rf Jacobi. 

William Trotman. See after, s fol : 249, for the 4 fonnes of Richard before 
mentioned, fol : 244. 

„ . . . , . Dccrc alfo in this Tithinge of Hurft are certaine lands containinge about 

HurR, pcell of acres, called Selewins lands, holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of 
Bwy'fordT Came by knight fervice, heriot fervice, fute of Court, and the yearly rent of — 10' 
yearly paid to that mano' of Came, which had from the time of kinge Edward the 
firft, (if not longe before,) continued by a lineall difcent in the firname of Selewine ; 
whofe longe feizin hath faftened vpon them the coiiion name of Sclvvins lands; And 
were in Jacobi, aliened by Thomas Selewine, fonne of Richard who died 

in 



fyivcgt 249 

in , fonne of Thomas who died in 5'? Eliz., fonne of Richard who died in 

25. H. 8, fonne of who died in ; And are nowe in a° 1639. the 

feverall inheritances of divers freeholders, wherof Edward Trotman of the Middle 
Temple, a Reader in Court, late held a meffuage and 18. acres of the faid land in 
Hurft, And of the faid rent of — 10? was apportioned to pay — 6! 3 d ; nowe the inheri- 
tance of Beniamin | Bridger, with whom fuch ancient deeds of this land remaine, 249 
as when I once expoftulated with the faid Thomas Selwine why hee would fell away 
his lands which foe many ages had continued with his forefathers, Hee replyed 
Why, what fhould I keepe fuch land, when noe man could read my deeds they were 
growne foe old : And of William Cowley who holdeth a meffuage and one acre late 
by him purchafed of John ffrape, And of the faid rent payeth by like apportion- 
ment — x d And of Wittm Buddinge who holdeth 3. acres in Cams feild and in 
South worthy, And of the faid — 10 s rent paieth — i d And of Robert Davis fonne 
of Thomas Davis, who holdeth 3. acres in Hinworthy feild, and one acre in the 
Linchfeild, and one acre in Cams feild, and of the faid rent paieth — 4 d And of 
Richard Smyth, clerke, in right of Mary his wife, Elizabeth, and Sara, the 3. fitters 
and coheires of Wittm Hardinge, who hold 4. acres of pafture called Hurft leis, 
and 6. acres in , and pay — 2' 6 d rent foe apportioned ; who makes 

vp the forefaid— 10 s 

SClfifO one acre of this land was aliened by Richard Selewine to John Trotman Gylmins land, 
of Vpthorp in Came, lyinge by Halmers lane in Came ; late the land of Wittm 
fonne of Wittm Trotman of Wotton by the laft Will of Katherine his fitter, to 
whom her hufband the faid John Trotman by his will devifed the fame in fee ; now 
the land of 

Inq : 9. Caroli, p! morte Thome Davis pet. tent p fervic militare, et heriet. See the 
Court rolls of Came, 25. H. 8., 5. Eliz. 

tycttC alfo are certaine lands in Kingfton containinge about acres, nowe 

the inheritance of ; lyinge in Kingfton, late in the tenure of 

John Gilmin ats Gilman, fonne of John, who died , fonne of Wittm 

who died fonne of James who died , fonne of John who 

by deed dated 16 Maij, Anno 20. H. 7. purchafed the fame of John Davis of 
Durdey, and hee of Wittm ffreame, And — 

1 conceive it to bee truly faid by the Inhabitants, That they have two Coiiions Woodwards 
within their tythinge, of different conditions ; one called the Eylands, reputed as 8 reene - 

part 

2 K VOL. Ill 



250 $unbrrt) of 23crhricp 

part of Slimbridge warth, which will cure rotten fheepe, at leaft make them fat for 
the butcher : The other called Woodwards greene, that fodainly will rott a found 
fheepe, at leaft bringe him from a noble to nine pence. 

aftorc of fiit>cr£ Unn&g. 

Wittm Trotman, fecond fonne of Richard, fonne of Edward, holdeth by the 
laft will and Teftament of the faid Richard his father, dated j° Julij. 16'. Rf Caroli. 
1640, one meffuage, cottage, and an orchard adioyninge, called Berry meads houfe, 
and two clofes called berrymeads leies, cont about 6. acres, in Slimbridge, in the 
tenure of Richard Pegler ; which was devifed to him in fee ; ffor which fee an 
Inquificon taken by the Efcheator at Tetbury, virtute officij fui, 22. die Sept. a. . 
pMcb. 

John Trotman, third fonne of the faid Richard, fonne of Edward, holdeth by 
the faid laft will and teftament of his faid father, devifed to him in fee, one tene- 
ment or Cottage with an orchard and parcell of pafture ground adioyninge, called 
Dekins houfe, in Slimbridge aforefaid, nowe in the tenure of John Nafon : ffor 
which alfo fee the faid Inquificon in Sept A° 16. Rf Caroli, aforefaid. | 

250 Thomas Trotman, 4 th fonne of the faid Richard, fonne of Edward, holdeth by 

the faid laft will and Teftament of his faid father, devifed to him in fee, one tene- 
ment or cottage with an orchard adioyninge called Adens houfe, and a fellion or 
rudge of pafture ground, and one fellion or rudge of arrable land, in Slimbridge 
aforefaid, nowe in the tenure of Simon Longe. 

5Clto alfo one acre of meadowe ground called Squire acre in Little moore in 
Slimbridge aforefaid, in the tenure of Stephen Symonds ; ffor which alfo fee the 
faid Inqu : taken at Tetbury, A° 16. Rf Caroli aforefaid. 

Samuell Trotman 5 th fonne of the faid Richard, fonne of Edward, holdeth by 
the faid laft will and Teftament of his faid father, which hee devifed to him in fee 
fimple, One parcell of meadowe or pafture ground called Throughbridge, cont 
about an acre, in Slimbridge aforefaid ; ffor w c . h fee alfo the faid Inquificon taken at 
Tetbury A° 16. Rf Caroli pfi\ ; ffor all which laft 4 devifees lands, and for the 
meffuage and 40 acres difcended to Richard Trotman, eldeft fonne of the faid 
Richard, is paid alfo to the manor of Hurft the yearly rent of — 6* g d . And to the 
Manor of Slimbridge the yearly rent of — iij*! | 

liiiirjcgcotc : 



limgc^fotc 25 1 

Kmgescote. 251 

JihlJJCSfcOtC : In Domefdai booke written Chingefcote ; wherin Withn the 
Conqueror had, as that booke fpeaketh, fower hides of land in Demefne ; holden 
of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Berkeley by halfe a knights fee, and 
fute to his hundred court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes. 

A manor wherof Anthony Kingefcote Efq^ is lord, confiftinge of 30 families, 
In reputacon a parifh, but re vera a Chaple within the parifh and belonging to the Chaple. 
mother Church of Beverfton ; yet vfeth all Eccticall rites there which belonge to a 
parifh, as to chriften infants, bury the dead, marry, receive the Sacrament, &c. In 
like fort as at Nibley a Chaple to Wotton ; Stinchcombe a Chaple to Came ; Stone 
and Hill, Chaples to Berkeley ; and fome others in this hundred, without any rela- 
tion in outward obfervance to thofe their mother churches. 

Cljig manor and tithinge of Kingfcote was by kinge H. 2. in the firft yeare of 
his raigne, given to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his heires, with many others, 
then parcell of his Barony of Berkeley ; whereof the faid Robert was then by that 
grant created a Baron of parliament and peere of the Realme, accordinge to the 
manner of thofe times : wherof I have formerly written in fo. 7. et 78. And in 
my hiftory bookes of his family in the lives of the faid lord Robert, fol : 60 in my 
firft daught [draft ?] ; and in the lives of the lord Robert the fecond, And of the 
lord Thomas the firft. 

Shortly after which grant, the Lord Robert gave this Kingefcote to Nigell the 
fonne of Arthur, in mariage with Aldena his daughter, To hold of him by halfe a 
knights fee, which guift the faid kinge Henry the fecond by his deed confirmed ; 
both which I have feene vnder feale with M r . Anthony Kingefcote : Which Nigell 
made Combe the Joinclure of the faid Aldena, as witneffeth another deed with him. 

<tf)C faid Nigell and Aldena had iffue betweene them, Adam and Robert : 
Adam had iffue Richard, who after his fathers death and his owne full age died 
without iffue, leavinge the faid Robert his vncle to bee his heire ; which Robert 
had iffue Nigell and Richard, To which Nigell and his heires Robert lord Berkeley, 
the fecond of that name, in the time of kinge R. I. by the name of Robert de 
Berkeley, fonne of Maurice, fonne of Robert fonne of Hardinge, confirmed this 
manor of Kingefcote ; which, faith the deed, (which I have feene,) Robert his 

grandfather 
2 k 2 



252 j^unorrti of 25crhricp 

grandfather gave to Nigell his grandfather in manage with Aldena his daughter: 
which Nigell afterwards died without iffue, leavinge the faid Richard his brother 
and heire ; Which Richard had iffue Nigell, who died in 12. E. 2. and was father 
q : of this Henry, f Wittm, father of Nicholas, father of [William] Henry, father of John who 
died in the life time of his father, leavinge iffue Wittm who was ward to William 
Lord Berkeley, father of William who died in 16. H. 8, and was father of Wittm 
who died in 32. H. 8, and was father of William who died in 25. Eliz., father of 
Chriftopher who died in 5'° Jacobi and was father of the faid Anthony that nowe 
holdeth the fame, A° 1639. 

I have alfo feene a Deed wherby Maurice de Berkeley, the firft of that name, 
in the latter end of the raigne of kinge H. 2. confirmed to Adam his nephewe, 
fonne of Nigell, fonne of Arthur, the Manor of Kingefcote, which Robert the 
fonne of Hardinge his father, gave to the father of the faid Adam, and to Aldena 
fifter of him the faid Maurice, To hold of him by halfe a knights fee for all fervices. 

Vpon Exchanges of late time made by Chriftopher Kingefcote, fome fmall 
parts of this manor are nowe the feverall inheritances of Wittm Workcman, 
Richard Heaven, John Waight and | 

252 It may be faid of this ancient gentleman and of his family, as doubtles of noe 

other in this county nor I thinke of many others in this kingdome, That hee and 
his lineall anceftors have continued in this little manor nowe about 500. yeares, 
never attainted nor dwellinge out of it elfe where ; nor hath the tide of his Ettate 
higher or lower flowed or ebbed in better or worfe condition ; But like a fixed ftarre 
in his firmament, to have remained without motion in this his little orbe, without 
any remarkeable change ; And as the name of his firft ancellor that is not perifiied, 
— 3£llgQCril)t», importeth, is hereditarily a Saxon. 

2^)1 patent roll 37. H. 3. Barthot de Owlepen arf affifam ve[r]fus Nigellum de 
Kingefcote de conlunia pafture in Kingefcote. 

5Cn ancient booke of knights fees with the lord Treaforers Remembrancer in 
the Exchequer, fol : t,i>7- hath thus ; Ricardus de Kingefcote tenet dimidiu feodum 
in Kingefcote de Thoma de Berkeley. 

2?)i Inquificon in 14. E. 1. after the death of Anfelme de Gurney lord of 
Bevcrfton it is found, that he died feifed of a yard land and of one wood pertain- 
inge to Kingefcote, holden of Richard de Kingefcote by the yearly rent of — I2 d 

Cljc 



&ingc£cote 253 

CflC payment of the fifteenth or Kingfilver, goeth togeather in one fome with ffifteene. 
Owlpen : The onus or burden of both is— 4 1 . 1 2 s ob. The deduction is — 18? The 
Remaine paid into the Exchequer by the Collector is — 3 1 ': 4 s ob. wherof Kingefcote 
payeth — 

^fll the laft Subfedy in a° 5'° Caroli were 9. fubfedy men who paid — 3'!' 5? /f. Subfedy. 
to the kinge in this tithinge. 

"J\\ a° 6'° Regis Jacobi vpon a generall mufter were — 33. able men ferviceable Able men. 
for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, w ch fhewed themfelves before the 
Lord Leiutenant. 

3CllD nowe hath of trayned fouldiers vnder Edward Stephens Efq,, their Souldiers. 
captaine, 

3Hntl if the whole divition of Berkeley bee taxed at loo 1 !- this hundred of Rates. 
Berkeley payeth thereof — ^^ 3? And this Tithinge or manor of Kingefcote — 20 s . 
And foe after that rate. 

jfrctf)OlD£ in the tythinge of Kingefcote. 
tyCCZt is one meffuage called Bares court, with 1 2. acres of land therto belong- Shiptons land 

inge, holden of the kinge by knight fervice in capite, which Henry lord Berkeley „ called 
, & ' & v J J Barres Court, 

by deed dated 10. Junij a 9° Rf Jacobi, granted to Wittm Shipton and his heires ; 

And was till that time reputed parcell of the faid Lords Manor of Wotton fforren : 

And is nowe, 1639. the inheritance of — 

$)CCVC alfo are certaine lands called Redecrofts, lyinge betweene the old leies Thorps land 
and the Larder, containinge acres, now the inheritance of 

purchafed of Thorpe by deed in a? ; which 

had continued in his anceftors poffeffion from the time of E. 1. if not longe before, 
wherof reade more in Wanifwell : And then were the lands of Thomas 

de Stone, And by Alice his daughter and coheire came to | John Swonhunger, and 253 
foe to the name of Thorpe, as there appeares fol : 368. 369. 370. And by 4. other 
Deeds, which I have feene, all without date, Nigell of Kingfcote gave totam illam 
dimidiam virgatam terra; in territorio de Hafilcote, to Alice his daughter and her 
heires, Rendringe a rofe for all fervices, Salvo regali fervicio, &c. which is knight 
fervice. One of which 4. deeds is to her in taile, and are nowe in Berkeley caftle. 

23p 



254 ^unorcD of 22»crhclqi 

Lokiers land 2$p an Inquificon in 5'.° Jacobi, Leonard Lockier is found to dye feized in fee, 

in a° 3 C '.° Rf Jacobi pd, of a meffuage and 15. acres of land and 7. acres of pafture 
in Kingefcote, holden of Chriftopher Kingefcote of Kingefcote Efq^, by the 40'? 
part of a knights fee ; And that John Lockier was his fonne and heire 4. yeares 
old, whofe wardfhip the faid Chriftopher had : And after his full age fold his faid 
lands to Anthony Kingefcote aforefaid, fonne and heire of the faid Chriftopher, 
wherby, the menalty 1 beinge deftroied, the faid meffuage and lands came to bee 
holden imediately of the faid George lord Berkeley, as the reft of that manor is. 

Wittus dfis de Kingefcote, by deed in 5. E. 3, releafed for that yeare to the 
Abbot of Kingfwood vnam faldam ducentaa ovium, quas tenebatur invenire fuper 
terras pMci Witti in campo de Kingefcote. 

More of this Tithinge or Manor of Kingefcote is to bee read 
in theis Deeds and Records not formerly mentioned. 

Diufae Cartas cum Anthonio Kingefcote p\T, a me bis perleclae. 

Diufs Cartae cum Dno Berkeley in caftro fuo de Berkeley. 

Rot. pipse. 3. R. 1. in fcio. 

Inq : 15. E. 2. de terris inimicorii cTni Regis in coin Glouc.-p fervic militare. 

Inq : 19. E. 2. p'. mortem Nigelli de Kingefcote. — p fervic mil. 

Inq : 16. H. 8. p' mortem Witti Kingefcote. — p fervic mil. 

Inq : 32. H. 8. p' morte Witti Kingefcote. p fervic mil. 

Rot. finiu. 23. H. 8. Terni pafche. Rot. 2. Glouc cm Rem Thefaur in 

fecio. — p dimid feodi mittis. 
Mictlas Rec. 7. Eliz. Rot. 66. cm Rem Thefaur in fcio., which is inftar 

omnia for the tenure : — p fervic militare. 
Trin Records. t,t,. Eliz. Rot. 105. in fcio, cm Rem Thefaur. 
Inq : 2>7- E. 3. in fcio de feodis ptinen ad manium de Berkeley. — p quarta 

pte feodi mittis. 
Hillaf Record. 28. H. 8. in fcio, cm Refii Thefaur — p fervic mil. 

Liber 
1 Halliwell gives as the meaning of Menaltie : " the middle claffes of people," and cites the follow- 
ing paffagc from Hall's Chronicle in illuflration : " Which was called the Evyll Parliamente for the 
nobilitie, the worfe for the menaltie, but worfle of all for the commonaltie." 

Du Cange, however, explains Mcnalgium as "military fervice with a horfe." It muft be ufed in 
this fenfe by Smyth. By the fale of the land by John Lochier to the Lord of Kingfcote the fervice 
of the 40'. h part of a knight's fee, by which it was held ceafed, or, in Smyth's words, was " deftroied," 
for the Lord of Kingfton would render no greater fervice to the Chief Lord than he did before. Smyth 
fhould have written mcfualty. [Ed.] 



ftingcgtocs'ton 255 

Liber feodo£ in Sccio cm Rein Thefaur temp : E. 1. fol : 2,2,7. ibm. p dimid 

feodi mittis. 
Carta in caftro de Berkeley, 13. E. 4. A wardfhip had and granted to 

Nicholas Bay clerke. | 

254 blank. 

KmcjesiDcstort. 

i(!iingtstor£tcm : In the booke of Domefdei written 113r ■eftOIIC, wherin Wittm 255 
the Conqueror had (as that booke faith) 7 hides and one yard land ; holden of the 
Crowne by knight fervice in Capite, And now the inheritance of Sir John Wintour 
of Lidney, knight, fonne of Sir Edward Wintour, fonne of Sir Wilim Wintour vice- 
Admirall of England, who in the 12^ yeare of Queene Eliz. purchafed the fame of 
Sir Richard Berkeley of Stoke Gifford knight ; And lyeth within the parifh of 
Henbury : Of which family of the Wintours, See before in fol : 226. 

Cftitf manor of Wefton nowe altogether called Kingefwefton was by kinge 
H. 2. in the firft yeare of his raigne granted (amongft others,) to Robert the fonne 
of Harding and his heires, then parcell of the great manor of Berkeley, and paffed 
vnder the words in that kings grant of 23crhclci tjmiCtfSC, as beinge one of the 
nookes or corners thereof, neere to the vtter bounds of this county of Glouc, not 
farre from the paffage over the river of Hungrode called Crock and pill, leadinge 
into Somerfetfhire. 

i§t)Ortfp after which grant of kinge H. 2. to the faid Robert the fonne of 
Harding, hee conveyed the fame with the manor of Beverftone to Robert his third 
fonne and his heires, who was comonly written Robertus filius Roberti filij Hardingi, 
and fomtimes Robert lord of Were, becaufe his dwellinge was for moft part at 
Were neere Axbridge in the county of Somerfet ; which Robert de Were had iffue 
Maurice and Eve, and died in temp : Johis. The faid Maurice was comonly called 
Maurice de Gant, and died without iffue in 14. H. 3. leavinge this manor with 
many others to difcend to the fonne of the faid Eve his fifter, who was maried to 
Gurnay and died in temp : H. 3, before her brother ; Between whom was 
iffue Robert de Gurnay who died in 53. H. 3. leavinge iffue Anfelme de Gurnay 
who died in 14. E. 1. leavinge iffue John de Gurnay who died in 19. E. 1, leavinge 
iffue Elizabeth his only daughter and heire, maried to Sir John ap Adam knight, 
betweene whom was iffue Sir Thomas ap Adam ; In what yeare the faid Elizabeth 

died 



256 ftunorcb of 25crhdcp 

died I have not obferved, but the faid Sir John her hufband died in 5. E. 2. to 
both whom the faid Sir Thomas ap Adam was fonne and heire, who in 4. E. 3. 
fold this manor of Kingefwefton, with the other of Elberton (whereof I have 
already written in fol : 182,) to Sir Maurice Berkeley knight; who leaft iffue Sir 
Thomas Berkeley called of Ewley, who had iffue Sir Maurice, father of Sir Maurice, 
father of Sir Wittm, father of Richard, father of Sir John, father of Sir Richard 
Berkeley who in 12° Eliz. fold this manor to Sir Wirlm Wintour as aforefaid ; Of 
which difcent fee before alfo in Beverfton fol: 97. and in Ewley, fol: 185. 192. which 
againe to expreffe (as there) in pticuler is needles. 

Rot. paten. 4. E. 3. pars. 1. membr. 7. fhewes that kings Licence granted to 
Sir Maurice Berkeley to demife his lands in Kingefwefton and Ailberton, to his 
tenants, for yeares or lives. 

Placita in banco. Hill : Term 10. H. 3. Rot. 7. Joftes Cordwainer et Wittus 
filius Adami, appo : fe verfus Johem de Sautemerfh filium Simonis, pro manerio de 
Weftun : which I take to bee this. 

By Inq : after the death of Katherine lady Berkeley in 9. R. 2. it is found, 
That fhee died feifed for life of a meffuage and a carucate of land in Kingfwefton, 
holden of Sir John Thorpe knight, as of his manor of Kingefwefton, by knight 
256 fervice ; which Sir John Thorpe was fecond hufband to | Katherine Berkeley of 
Stoke Gifford, widowe of Sir Thomas Berkeley, who held in Joinclure the faid 
manor of Kingfwefton. Which Katherine died in 11. R. 2. and John Berkeley 
knight was her fonne and heire ; which is foe likewife found to bee holden after the 
death of the faid Sir John Berkeley by Inq : in 6. H. 6. But in ^- H. 6. after 
the death of Sir Maurice Berkeley fonne of the faid Sir John, And in 14. E. 4. 
after the death of Sir Maurice his fonne and heire, And in 2. H. 7. after the death 
of Sir Wiftm Berkeley his fonne and heire, the faid meffuage and carucate of land 
is found to bee holden in Soccage ; which nowe is the freehold of Hort 

and others, lyinge in Lawrence VVefton. 

ffifteene. Zl]C payment of the fifteenth or Kingefilver in this manor goeth with Elberton 

in all Exchequer Accompts, in one foirie togeather ; The onus of both is — io".- 14* 
ob. q,. The deduction is — 26' 8 d . The remaine paid by the Collector into the 
Exchequer is— 9'.' 7. 4'! ob. q^. 

Subfedy. 3<n the laft Subfedy in a° 5'.° Regis Caroli were in this townfhip 13. fubfedy 

men, who paid to the kinge — 5 1 ! 5* 4 d . 



Jtinjjc^tuooli— Horre ngc 257 

3In a° 6'? Jacobi regis vpon a generall mufter were of able men, which out of Able men. 
this townfhip appeared before the Lord Lieutenant, fitt for warres betweene 20 and 
60 yeares old, — 24. 

3tll& now hath of trayned Souldiers vnder Thomas Chefter Efq, their captaine,- Souldiers 

5Cnb if the wholl Divition of Berkeley bee taxed towards any rate at — ioo 1 '.- Rates 
This Hundred paies thereof — 33 1 '. 3 s And this Kingfwefton — 20 s , and foe after 
that rate. 

More of this Townfhip and Manor of Wefton, ats Kingfwefton, 
is to bee read in Beverfton, and in theis records, viz', 
Inq : 53. H. 3. p' morte Robti de Gurnay. 
Inq : 14. E. I. p! morte Anfelmi de Gurnay. 
Inq: 21. E. 3. p' morte Mauric filij Mauricij de Berkeley. 
Inq : 29. E. 3. p' morte Thomae Berkeley de Ewley. 
Inq : 35. E. 3. p! morte Thome Berkeley de Ewley. 
Inq : 35. E. 3. p! morte Thomae Dili Berkeley. 
Inq: 9. R. 2. pi morte Katherine Berkeley vut de Beverfton. 
Inq : 11. R. 2. p' morte Katherine Berkeley de Stoke. 
Inq : 2. H. 4. p'. morte Mauricij Berkeley. 
Inq : 9. H. 5. p' morte Johannae Berkeley. 
Inq: 6. H. 6. p'. morte Johannis Berkeley. 
Inq : 4. E. 4. p! morte Mauricij Berkeley. 
Inq: 5. H. 8. p' morte Rici Berkeley. 
Inq : t,j. H. 8. p' morte Johis Berkeley. 

See in Caldecote. fol : 121. 122. | 

Correnge. 257 

UottXttffC, ats Lorwinch ; Is a farme houfe neere Berkeley heath of I20 1 '.- value 
p anfi, nowe the inheritance of Thomas Hodges, fonne of Thomas, holden of the 
kinge by knight fervice in Capite ; which paies to Leonard Stanley all rates and 

dues 
2 L VOL. Ill 



258 J^iniDrco of 23crhdcT» 

dues taxed for the vfe or benefit of the Church or poore there, And all other pay- 
ments to Came and Bradfton, in which two tithings the grounds belonginge to this 
farme doe lye. 

Anciently this farme was parcell of the Manor of Berkeley, and vnder the 
name of Came paffed by the grant of kinge H. 2. to Robert the fonne of Hardinge 
and his heires, in the beginninge of that kings raigne ; By the death of Robert in 
17. H. 2. it difcended to the lord Maurice his fonne and heire, By whom it was 
converted into an hofpitall, called the mafter and brethren of Lorwinge : In whofe 
deed of foundation hee e.xpreffed that hee did the fame for the profperity and foules 
health of his two younger fonnes, Thomas and Maurice; Which Thomas, by the 
death of Robert eldeft fonne of the faid Lord Maurice without iffue, cofninge to 
bee Lord Berkeley, hee about 9. H. 3. five yeares after the death of the faid Lord 
Robert, gave the faid hofpitall or ffarme of Lorwenge to God and to the Abbot of 
S' Peter of Glouc, as beinge pryor of the church of S! Leonard of Stanley, and to 
the monkes of Glouc. there fervinge God : In which condition it continued till the 
diffolucon of that monaftery in 31. H. 8. when coihinge to the Crowne, that kinge, 
fhortly after granted the fame (inter alia) to Sir Anthony Kingfton and his heires : 
ffrom him it came to Wittm Stumpe father of Sir James Stumpe ; And from him 
to Elizabeth his daughter and heire, maried to Sir Henry Knevet, And from them 
to M r Wikes, and from him to John Windoe th'elder, father of John Windowe ; and 
from him to Sir John Pointz of Aclon, who fold the fame to Sir John Spenfer 1 an 
Alderman of London, whofe daughter and heire [Elizabeth] was maryed to [Sir 
William Comptonj Lord Compton, created Earle of Northampton, who fold the 
fame to Sir George Snygge one of the Barons of the Exchequer, who gave the 
fame to Anne his daughter, who dyinge without iffue gave it to her fifler, maried 
to Thomas Hodges, And from her, to Thomas Hodges her fonne and heire afore- 
faid. 

Out of which, or rather out of a ground containinge 10. acres and an halfc 
called Manland, of old occupied therwith, the lord Berkeley hath a cheife rent of — 
12 s , referved by a Deed without date made by Thomas lord Berkeley the firft of 
that name to the Abbot and Covent of S! Peter of Glouc, Pryor of Stanley, with 
a claufe of Diftrcs (if vnpaid) in any of the lands belonginge to this farme of 
Lorwinge ; Which by negligence hath not byn received for 50. yeares laft paft. 

1 Sir John Spenfer was Lord Mayor of London in the 36'. h of Elizabeth and was emphatically filled 
(he rich Spenfer. [Ed.] 



HonguriDgc 259 

23}i an Inq : in 6. E. 6. after the death of Wittm Stumpe, this farme is found 
to bee holden by knight fervice in Capite, And James Stumpe knight to bee his 
fonne and heire, 3$. yeares old. 

*&)} an Inquificon in 5'° Eliz : pars. 1. after the death of the faid Sir James 
Stumpe knight, this farme and divers lands in dinger ats Cleihunger, wherof hee 
dyed feized, are found to bee holden by knight fervice in Capite ; And that 
Elizabeth the wife of Sir Henry Knevett is his daughter and heire, 20. yeares old. | 

2?p an Inq : in 30 Eliz : John Windowe th'elder is found to dye feized of 258 
this farme of Lavvrenge, and of thofe lands in Clinger which hee purchafed of M r 
Wikes ; And that John was his fonne and heire, 7. yeares old. See in Wanifwell. 
fol : 382. I 

Congbrtfcge. 259 

Hoiigbribgc ; is a Chaple and pryory at the north end of Berkeley towne, but 
without the fame, from which that part of Berkeley called to this day Longbridge 
ftreete, tooke name ; founded by Maurice lord Berkeley the firft of that name in 
the later end of the raigne of kinge Henry the fecond, and feemes to have taken 
that name from a longe wooden bridge which bounded the ground wherin this little 
Chappie and Priory ftood, towards the weft : In place wherof is a large caufway 
nowe caft vp pitched with Stone : And the place it felfe where the Chaple and 
pryory ftood, (whereof I have neere 46. yeares fince feene fome part ftandinge,) 
is nowe plaine and fruitful] meadowe ground ; wherof havinge written at large in 
the life of that Lord Maurice in my manufcript hiftory of the family of the Berke- 
leis, 1 I will heere confine my felfe with this abftracl: ; That it beinge fuppreffed by 
the Statute of 1. E. 6. it was by the Lfes Patents of Oueene Elizabeth dated 
31. Decembr. a° fni fui 4'? granted to Sir Edward Warner knight and his heires ; 
wherin it is recited how the faid Queene by her former Lres patents dated 15. Sept. 
a'. 3 C, .° had granted the fame to Ralph Sheldon and the faid Sir Edward Warner and 
their heires, By the name of all that pryory free chappell or hofpitall of Long- 
bridge., in Longbridge. Slimbridge, Durfley, Nibley, Came, Arlingham, and Berke- 
ley, in the county of Glouc, To hold of the Manor of Eaftgreenwich in free and 
coinon Soccage : All which the faid Sir Edward Warner by his deed inrolled in the 

Chancery 
1 See " Lives of the Berkeleys," Vol. I., pp. 69 et feq. [Ed.] 
2 L 2 



260 J^unbrcti of 23crftricp 

Chancery dated 10. Januarij a° 4'.° Eliz : p&, fold to Nicholas Purfloe and Wittm 
Buckbert and their heires ; And they by like deed inrolled, dated the 23 th day of 
the fame month, fold to Richard Denys Efcjy and his heires, who after aliened the 
fame to the feverall leffees and occupiers thereof, and their heires ; And is novve 
the land of 14 feverall perfons, wherof my felfe, for a wood called Ewcombs hill or 
vcombs wood in Nibley, am one ; Richard Browninge for the large pafture grounds 
in or neere Halmer called Pryors wood, is another ; And John Atwood, for the 
Scite place of the hofpitall or Pryory, is an other. And what remained of the ftones 
of this Chaple and hofpitall (of any worth,) vncaried away by others, Henry lord 
Berkeley about the 20'!" yeare of Queene Eliz : bought, wherwith hee built the 
arched ftone bridge leadinge into the firft gate of Berkeley caftle, where a wooden 
drawbridge was before. 

;tile. Cf)C Stile of the Warden or Cuftos of this pryory, in their deeds and leafes, 

were ffrater A. cuftos et prior hofpitalis f&e Trinitatis de Longbridge extra Berke- 
leiam, et eiufdem loci fratres et forores, falutem. 

3CltD heere the place invites mee, once for all, to fhewe That in theis ancient 
daies the greateft perfonages held Monkes, fryars, and Nunnes, in fuch veneration 
and likinge for their holynes, That they thought noe Citie in cafe to rlourifh, noe 
houfe likely to have longe continuance, nor Caftle fufficiently defenfed, where was 
not an Abby, priory, or Nunnery, either placed within the wulles, or planted at hand 
and neere adioyninge ; As this lord Maurice in this place, as foone as at firft hee 
came to dwell at Berkeley caftle : And his father the lord Robert, at S' Auguftines 
by Briftoll, where hee then dwelt, founded that Monaftery clofe therto ; And others 
of their pofterity (with others) abundantly doe witneffe, wherof in their lives I have 
more largely written : But nowe, Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur in illis. | 



260 blank 



261 



Htbicy. 

#pblcp, ats Portfjltiblcp, diftinguiihed by the Northerly fcituacon therof from 
a little hamblet or village of the fame name in the parifh of Wefterley, lyinge fouth 
from this. 

Not to defcribe this village, And withal! not to fpeake of the fcituation of the 
Chaple heere, not more pleafantly feated on a comely hill then health I nil. then w"* 

none 



$ibkp 261 

none in the county or fcarce in the kingdome ftandeth in a fweeter aire, infomuch 
as fome of the moft expert inhabitants fticke not to affirme their knowledge of 
divers perfons which have byn longe vifited with ficknes, not curable with phificke, 
to have repaired their health by that fweete falutary aire ; vpon which the hope of 
Sir Thomas Berkeley, then fonne and heire of Henry lord Berkeley, by the advice 
of his learned phifitions, fetched from Bath, and other remote places, was founded, 
when in the nynth yeare of kinge James hee removed from Berkeley caftle to my 
houfe not farre from this Chaple church of Nibley : I fay, not to defcribe this 
Chaple village and mother church of Wotton fomwhat more perticulerly then 
others, were ingratefully to paffe by the place where by the bleffed providence of 
the guider of all men I have byn more then 40. yeares feated, and am nowe 
drawinge on the laft fcene of my life in the 72 th yeare of my age ; And not to 
acknowledge the great mercies which the Almighty hath in this place powred vpon 
mee, with a pofterity of 21. derived from mee, would bee the neglect of an ingrate- 
full and evill man. 

ppWcp, therfore, anciently written Nubbelei, Nubbeleigh, Nubeleg, and 
Nibeleigh, quafi (if defcant vpon the name may bee allowed,) Cloudwater, or 
obfcure place ; An etymology (if one) agreeable to the fpringes and water heere 
and their covert fcituation ; Is a village or hamblet of 162 houfes, wherin are 
livinge about — 1000. foules ; A member and parcell of the manor of Wotton ats 
Wotton forren, or Wotton forinfeca, And the principall of thofe five hamblets 
which make that manor ; the inheritance of George Lord Berkeley, and parcell of 
his Barony and manor of Berkeley, holden of the Crowne by knight fervice in 
Capite. 

iPpbltp, in comon country reputation is a parifh, vfually called the pifh of 
Nibley ; But, re vera, it is a Chappie belonginge to the mother church of Wotton, 
and within that parifh ; though foe free a Chaple in practice and vfe, that in it are 
vfed all eccticall rites, in chriftnings maryages, receivinge the Comunion burialls 
and the like, without any relation to Wotton at all in outward femblance ; wherof 
fee more in fol : 294. 

£t\C Tyth of this village, and whatsoever of what kinde foever that hath byn 
or is accompted divine or fpirituall, (as alfo that of Wotton,) belongeth to Chrift 
church colledge in Oxford, who in their Indentures of demife accuftome to take a 
Covenant from the leffee for the time beinge, to provide for the cure heere, And to 

pay 



262 JDiuiDrcb of 23crfrrtcp 

pay him 8 1 '." p ann ; Which poore falary or wages was about 26. yeares laft part, by 
the peticon of the inhabitants heere, vpon the tenants next renewing of his Leafe, 
made — io'h And within 7. yeares nowe part, by the like peticon, or clamor rather, 
of the inhabitants heere, (feconded alfo with the ires of the Lord bifhop of the 
Dioceffe,) was vpon another renewinge of the tenants leafe, made, — 13 1 ': 6' S d . ; both 
which had my beft furtherance, but not — j d . from the colledge ; and hope to fee it 
further increafed. 

3CltD for this poore daughters fake, the Chaple of Nibley, I will in this place 
(though more proper to have come in in Wotton) inlarge my felfe to write of her 
mother, the Reclory or mother church of Wotton her felfe, how fhee hath walked 
in the world, and in what families made her abodes ; As firft, and of old, till the 
raigne of kinge Edward the Confeffor, with the Abbeffe and Nunnes of Berkeley, 
262 Next with Earle Goodwin and his fonne kinge Harrold, from the | fuppreffion of 
that Nunnery, by the wily praclice of that Earle (wherof I have formerly written, 
fol: 2. et 3,) vntill kinge Harold was flaine in battell by William Duke of Normandy 
called the Conqueror : ffrom which time it abode in the Crowne, and with the 
family of the Berkeleis of Durfley, who held the fame with many other Reclories, 
Churches, and Manors in fee farme at — 500'!' rent by the yeare, vnder the two 
Williams, Henry the firft, and part of the raigne of kinge Stephen ; At what time, 
and efpetially in the firft yeare of kinge Henry the fecond, it fetled by that kings 
grant, with the wholl Manor and hundred of Berkeley, in Robert the fonne of 
Harding and his heires ; Vpon whofe foundinge of the monaftery of S! Auguftines 
by Briftoll, it came to the Abbot and covent therof by the guift of the faid Lord 
Robert, with all other the churches and chaples of that manor and hundred. 

5'n the age next after, this church of Wotton by the death of the Incumbent 
becometh void ; The Abbot thervpon prefents one William Clarke to the Bifhop 
of Worcefter, (at that time in the Dioces of Worc r ,) whom the Bifhop admits to this 
church and to the chaples of Nibley and Symondfall belonging therto, vpon con- 
dicon that hee fliould duringc his incumbency pay an yearly pention of three markes 
out of the fame to the faid Abbot and covent his patrons. 

pot longe after, the faid bifhop of Worcefter (to vfc the words of his owne 
deed) takinge into his confideracbn the honeft converfation of the faid Abbot and 
his covent, and of the poverty of their monaftery, and of their diligent care, afwell 
in receivingc of ftrangers as in nourifhinge of poore people, doth take their wholl 

houfe 



|5iblcp 263 

houfe churches, and ecclefiafticall goods into his protection ; And to the end that 
the benefits of Charity which from the firft foundation of their houfe have byn 
beftowed on them, might more abundantly to Gods honour bee dilated, (as hee in 
this his deed faith,) doth by his Epifcopall authority grant vnto them, that they 
may convert to their ovvne proper vfe the fruits of the churches of Berkeley Wotton 
Almondefbury and Afhelworth, for the fuftentation of the faid Abbot and Covent, 
receivinge of guefts, and releife of poore people ; Savinge alwaies the dignity of 
his church of Worcefter, and honeft fuftention of the Vicars fervinge in the faid 
churches: And foe it feemes in that condition to have continued till 35. E. 1, what 
time Edmond the Abbot of that monaftery, by two deeds, granted and releafed to 
Thomas then lord Berkeley and to Maurice his fonne and heire apparant, and to 
their heires, the Advowfon of this Church of Wotton with the rights and appur- 
tenants therof ; wherby it became again prefentable in the hands of this Berkeleian 
family ; but by what art or devife in the lawes I knowe not, neither doe I knowe 
what effect followed vpon the licence of kinge E. 2. which in the 5* yeare of his 
raigne hee granted to the Abbot of this Monaftery to appropriate this church of 
Wotton, As by the Patent roll of that yeare, pars. 1. membr. 22, appeareth : Nor 
what followed vpon the Inquificon of Ad quod damnum in 3. E. 2. numero. 16. 
when the Jury vpon that writ prefented, That it would not bee to the kings damage 
if hee granted Licence to this Abbot and Covent to appropriate to their owne vfe 
the Church of Wotton, which is de advocatione fua propria, And foe appropriated, 
To hold to them and their fucceffors, And that it valueth p ann— 20. inks : Neither 
can I handfomly | reconcile theis Deeds and Records, feeminge thus to quarrell 263 
one at another: And alfo the ffine roll, A° 5. E. 2. fhewes, That the Abbot then 
made ffine with the kinge for 50. mks paid to him for his licence to appropriate 
this church of Wotton : It feemes nothinge ; ffor, from that Maurice who furvived 
his father this Advowfon with the Chaples therto belonginge difcended to Thomas 
his fonne, father of Maurice, father of Thomas, who in 5. H. 5. was with the lady 
Margaret his wife, buried in that church : ffrom which Thomas it came to James 
lord Berkeley, his brothers fonne and heire male, by vertue of a ffine levied in 23. 
E. 3. Which James had iffue Wittm and Maurice : (of his other 2. fonnes I have 
noe need to fpeake ;) which William was created Marques Berkeley, and died with- 
out iffue in 7. H. 7. havinge in the third yeare of that kings raigne, by a fyne then 
levied, conveyed the manor of Wotton with this advowfon, for want of iffue of his 
owne body, to that kinge and to the heires males of his body, with remainder to 
his owne right heires ; At what time and for divers years after one Robert Logge 
was Incumbent and parfon there. 



264 ^unDrcD of 55crhricp 

Cfjllfif flood this Advowfon in the time of kinge H. 7. for 12. yeares after the 
death of the faid Marques Berkeley, till the 19 th yeare of the faid kinge. The 17* 
of March in which io'. h yeare of H. 7, Maurice Lord Berkeley brother and heire of 
the faid Marques Berkeley exhibites his petition of right to that kinge, prayinge 
therin that Juftice and right may bee done vnto him, and hee reftored to this 
Advowfon : And for his title therto layeth downe the faid ffyne levied therof (inter 
alia) in 23. E. 3. by his anceftor the lord Thomas Berkeley aforefaid, deduclinge 
downe that eftate tayle to his brother the Marques and himfelfe, fhewinge howe 
vpon the death of his faid brother, hee was remitted to his eigne 1 eftate taile, to him 
and to the heires males of his body ; Whervpon, after all theis conveyances had by 
Inquificon by Jury in this County of Glouc beene found, hee was by Judgement in 
June followinge, reftored to this Advowfon ; And the fame by acl; of parliament 
the fame yeare confirmed with other manors to him accordingly. 

3£llD nowe beinge thus feized of this Advowfon, and confequently of her two 
Chaples aforefaid, Hee the faid Lord Maurice Berkeley, accordinge to Covenants 
which the 16 th day of March before had byn made betweene him and his 2. fonnes 
Maurice and Thomas on the one part, And the Abbot and Convent of the Monaftery 
of Tuexbury on the other part, for the affuringe of this church of YVotton to that 
Monaftery before the 13^ of July then next following, They iiiiediately vpon this 
reftitution affure the fame accordingly : And noe fooner was the Monaftery of 
Tuexbury thus feifed therof, but they forthwith found meanes to incorporate the 
fame and appropriate it to the feedinge of themfelves, as the compofition for en- 
dowinge of the vicaridge declares ; what time — 20. nlks p anii therby appointed 
was thought a competent maintenance and livinge for the Vicar, to bee paid in 
fruits and not in money, as nowe it is and hath ever fince beene : Howbeit I nowe 
vnderftand as I am in reviewe heerof, That John Ackfon Vicar of Wotton hath by 
queftioninge of his patrons the Colledge of Chriftchurch, and Margaret Bodle 
widowe their tenant, obtained vpon an agreement in the end of thofe futes to have 
his 20. marks per Ann increafed to neere — 35 1 !, with the addition of an houfe alfo, 
which before hee and his predeceffors vicars wanted. 

Note by the way, that the plea of Maurice lord Berkeley for this advowfon is 
264 cntred in Term Michis, 20. H. 7. Rot. 532. and the recovery of the | Advowfon 
is cntred of Trinity terme, 20. H. 7. Rot. 525. in banco 0Y>i. 

Cf)C Abbot and Covent of Tuexbury, havinge thus appropriated this faire 
advowfon (at this day worth — 400 1 ! p ann, with her Chaples,) did for the firft 25. 

yeares 

£igne=E]dcd. [Ed.] 



$iblcp 265 

yeares after lett to the vicar whom they had placed both the appropriate rectory 
and vicarage, at ^3^' rent p arm de claro, to bee paid to their Monaftery ; And 
after by their Indenture dated, 10° Decembf. 23°.° H. 8. demifed the fame to 
Thomas Matfon and Thomas Hollifter for 30. yeares, at the faid yearly rent of — 
33 h : And to pay to the vicar there— 1 3^- 6 s . 8^ by the yeare, (which then was one 
— Gunne,) and not in fructibus, in fruites, as the compofition at firft was; And to 
pay alfo to the Chaplein miniftringe in the Church of this Nybley his ftipend ; And 
to two deacons miniftringe in the Church of Wotton and of Nibley their ftipends. 

Cfjll.S? ftood this Church of Wotton with her Chaples, 8. yeares after the 
makinge of the faid Leafe to Matfon and Hollifter, vntill in 31. H. 8. that Monaftery 
was diffolved and by Act of parliament given to the Crowne, As the Accompts of 
the Court of Augmentation doe fhewe; And then the 1 i'. h day of December 38. H. 8. 
that kinge by his Lres patents of that date, (but 6. weekes before his death,) gave 
the fame to the Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall church of Chrift in Oxford, of 
the faid kings foundation, By the name of all that Rectory and church of Wotton 
fubedge, with all the rights and appurtenants therof to the late monaftery of Tuex- 
bury in the county of Glouc late belonginge and appertaininge ; And all meffuages, 
lands, tenements, Rents, fervices, &c. in Wotton, Nibley, wortley, Symondfall, Syn- 
well and Combe, in the faid county, afwell fpirituall as temporall, to the faid Rectory 
vicarage and manor belonginge, or as member part or parcell of the fame, before 
knowne, accepted, reputed, demifed or letten beinge. 

5n the yeare 1554. in i° et 2° Ph : & Mar. James, Bifhop of Glouc, admitted 
Robert Knight to the Rectory of Wotton vpon the ptentacon of Henry lord 
Berkeley, patron thereof. 

3ilt 3° Eliz. two yeares before the leafe ended made to the faid Matfon and 
Hollifter, (till when the queftion about this church had continued,) Henry lord 
Berkeley impleaded the faid Deane and Chapter for that Rectory, who in the yeare 
followinge came to a compofition, wherby the Deane and Chapter granted to the 
faid Lord Henry and his heires the Advowfon of the vicaridge of Tetbury, fomtime 
belonginge to the monaftery of Eynfham in the county of Oxford, vpon condicon 
that they might quietly hold this rectory of Wotton ; whervpon the faid Lord made 
to them further affurance, And acknowledged neutheles that they had good right to 
this of Wotton by the grant of the faid Lord Maurice his anceftor made to the 
Abbot of Tuexbury as aforefaid, and himfelfe to have noe right at all. Vpon 

the 

2 M VOL. Ill 



266 J^uiiDrcb of 25crfedcy 

the expiracon of Matfon and Hollifters leafe, the deane and chapter parted the 
fame into two leafes, one made to George Dunnynge of Nybley, of the Chaple and 
tythes of Nibley for 60. yeares, dated 5 1 ? Decembf. a° 5'? Eliz., and the other leafe 
to Bedle, of the Rectory of Wotton and tythes within the refidue of that parifh : 
In which condition by other feverall leafes fince made the fame continue to this 
day 1639. 

Ptita coram rege apud Glouc, Trin. 21. R. 2. Ecclefia de Wotton vnderegge 
vel vnderhegge, cognofcitur per vtrumqj nomen per veredict Juradox. And the 
parliam' roll, in 1. H. 4. numero. 91. containeth a notable proceffe which feemes to 
purfue the forefaid verdict, betweene Wiftm Seward ais Chedder parfon of Wotton 
265 vnderedge, and John Dantree clerke, wherin | appeares that Seward after five 
yeares poffeffion loft his parfonage and incumbency, vpon difference of the word 
(vnderhegg) for Wotton vnderegge, and Dantree was admitted : But nowe by 
Judgement in parliament, Seward was reftored againe and Dantree put out. 

Nybley greene. CI)C 43tCCItC called Nybley greene, a Coition or parcell of waft ground contain- 

inge about 100. acres, is famous to this day for the incounter that was in 10. E. 4. 
betweene Thomas Talbot vifcont Lifiey and Wiftm Lord Berkeley and their 
fellowships : The ground of their quarrell thus arofe ; 

Cf)oma£ lEord 23crhdfp the 4'!" of that name died in 5. H. 5. leavinge iffue 
one only daughter called Elizabeth, maried to Richard Beauchamp Earle of 
Warwicke, by whom hee had iffue three daughters, Margaret Eleanor and Elizabeth, 
who pretended title (amongft other lands) to the Manor of Wotton, with the Ad- 
vowfon ; And which in partition amongft [them] in 6. E. 4. was allotted to the faid 
Margaret, who was maried to John Talbot Earle of Shrewfbury, beinge his fecond 
wife, by whom hee had iffue John Talbot vifcont Lifle, who had iffue the faid 
Thomas Talbot vifcont Lifle : Againft whom the faid Wiftm lord Berkeley made 
title as heire male to the faid Thomas lord Berkeley, as fonne of James lord 
Berkeley, fonne of Sir James Berkeley brother of the faid lord Thomas, by vertue 
of an entayle created by his grandfathers fine levied in 23. E. 3. 

ClK saiD Thomas Talbott vifcont Lifle at this time lived at Wotton, at the 
manor houfe by the Church there, And WiHm lord Berkeley in his caftle of 
Berkeley five miles of; Betweene whom and their fervants were often quarrellings, 
which in the end drewe from the faid vifcont Lifle a Letter of Challenge, written 
to the faid Lord Berkeley, in theis words, vz ; 

IDiHiitni, 



jpiblcp 267 

MDiUmni, called lord 23ci'hdcp, I marveile yee come not fourth with all your 
carts of gunnes, bowes, with oder ordinance, that yee fet forward to my manor of 
Wotton to beate it doune vpon my head : I lett you witt ye (hall not nede to come 
foe nye, for I truft to God to mete yee neere home with Englifhmen of my one 
nation and neighbors ; wheras yee by fubtile craft have blowen about in divers 
places of England that I fhould intend to bringe in Welfhmen for to deftroy and 
hurt my one nation and country ; I lete the wite I was never foe difpofed nere 
never will bee ; And to the proofe heerof I require the of knighthode and of man- 
hode to appoint a day to mete halfe way, there to try between God and our two 
hands all our quarrell and title of right, for to efchewe the fhedding of chriflen 
mens bludd, or elfe at the fame day bringe the vttermoft of thy power and I fhall 
mete thee : An anfwere of this by writinge, as yee will abide by, accordinge to the 
honour and order of knighthood. 

CJjomag £nlbot, y e vifcont Lifle. 

To which Lfe fent the ic/! 1 day of March in the Tenth yeare of kinge Edward 
the fourth, A°. Dfii. 1469, the Lord Berkeley the fame day returned this Anfwere ; | 

Cftonniu Cillbot otherwife called Vifcont Lifle, not longe continued in that 266 
name but a newe found thinge brought out of ftrange cuntries ; I marveile greatly anfwere. 

of thy ftrange and leude writinge, made I fuppofe by thy falfe vntrue counfell that 
thou haft with thee, Hugh Mull, and Holt : As for Hugh Mull, it is not vnknowne 
to all the worfhipfull learned men of this Realme, how hee is attaint of falfenes and 
rafinge of the kings records ; and as for the falfe mifchevous Holt, what his rule 
hath bee [?been] to the deftruclion of the kings lege people in my Lordfhip of Berke- 
ley, afwell to the hurt of their bodies as the loffe of their goods, againft Goddis lawe 
confcience and all reafon, it is openly knowne ; Soe that every worfhipfull man 
fhould refufe to have them in his feloufhip ; And alfo of his owne free will, vn- 
defired of mee, before worfhipfull and fufflcient witnes, was fworne on a maffe booke 
that hee fhould never bee againft mee in noe matter that I had a doe ; And efpetially 
in that vntrue title that you claime, which ye hold my livelihood with wronge. And 
where thou requireft mee of knighthood that I fhould appoint a day and meete 
thee in the midway betweene my manor of Wotton and my caftle of Berkeley, 
there to try betwixt God and our two hands all our quarrell and title of right, for to 
efchewe the fcheddinge of chriften mens bludd, or elfe the fame day to bringe the 
vttermoft of my power and thou wouldft mete mee : As for the determininge betwixt 
our two hands of thy vntrue clayme and my title and right of my land and true in- 
heritance, 

2 m 2 



268 J^unorcD of 23crhricp 

heritance, thou wotteft right well that there is noe fuch determinacon of land in this 
realme vfed : And I afcertaine thee that my lyvelode, as well my manor of Wotton 
as my caftle of Berkeley, bee intayled to mee by fyne of record in the kings courts, 
by the advife of all the Judges of this land in that daies beinge ; And if it were 
foe That the matter might bee determined by thy hands and mine, the kinge our 
foveraine Lord and his lawes not offended, thou fhouldeft not foe foone defire but 
I would affoone anfwere thee in every point that belongeth a knight ; ffor thou art, 
God I take to record, in a falfe quarrell, and I in a true defence and title; And where 
thou defireft and requireft mee of knighthood and of manhood to appoint a day and 
that I fhould bee there with all the power I could make, and that thou wouldeft 
meete mee halfe way, I will thou underftand I will not bringe the tenth part that I 
can make, and I will appoint a fhort day to eafe thy malitious heart and thy falfe 
counfaile that is with thee : ffaile not too morrowe to bee at Nybbeleis greene at 8. 
or 9. of the clocke, and I will not faile with Goddis might and grace to mete thee 
at the fame place, the which ftandeth in the borders of the livelode that thou keepeft 
vntruly from mee, ready to anfwere thee in all things, that I truft to God it fhall 
bee fhewed on thee and thine to thy great fhame and difworfhip : And remember 
thy felfe and thy falfe counfaile have refufed to abide the rule of the great Lordis 
of this lond, which by my will fhould have determined this matter by thy evidence 
and mine : And therefore I vouch God to record, and all the company of heaven, 
that this fa6l and the fcheddinge of chriften mens bludd w c . h fhall bee atwixt vs two 
and our feloufhips, if any hap to bee, doth growe of thy quarrell and not of mee, 
but in my defence and in efchuinge of reproach, onely through thy malitious and 
mifcheivous purpofe, and of thy falfe counfell, and of thy owne fimple difcretion : 
And keepe thy day, And there the trueth fhall bee fhewed by the mercy of God. 

HDilliam Horo 23erhriry. | 

267 Both parties keepe their day and place, where the vicont Lifle was flaine ; 

Of which incounter and of the numbers of men that either Lord brought that day 
into the feild, the cuntry people dwellinge therabout, (beinge the children and 
grandchildren of the groffe of both Armies on either fide, with more then 20. of 
whom fifty yeares agone I have talked heerof,) deliver in wonders : wherof I have 
more largely written in the hiftory of this Berkeleian family, treatinge of the life 
of this Lord William Berkeley, which heere againe to repeate, fith copies of my 
three bookes therof are in your hands, feemes needleffe. 1 

fn 

1 See " Lives of the Bcrkeleys," Vol. II. p. ill. et feq. [Ed.] 



$iblcp 269 

3ftt the eafterne part of this village of Nybley arife divers fprings of excellent Springs, 
fweete water, which vnited and brought into one ftreame, make a pretty river ; 
wheron are feated feaven tuck mills and grift mills, moft of them double mills, 
before the faid ftreame bee paffed through this village ; The like wherto I knowe 
not within this County. 

Cf)i£ village is divided into theis parcells or knotts of houfes, as beinge re- 
markeable diftinct places ; vz ffourd end, Mylend, Horend, fforthay, Southend, 
Churcend, Woodallend, Swyney, Snytend, Birchley, and the Greene, or Nybley 
greene men, wherof I have made former mention, befides others of note, which 
followe. 

The payment of the ffifteene or king filver, when it is granted by parliament, ffifteene. 
goeth with the reft of the manor of Wotton forren, which in the wholl is--i 3 1 ! 12! i A . 
wherof the hamblet of Huntingford payeth — 10 s , Bradley 10', Simondfall with its 
hamletts — 24 s , Combe — 40 s , Synwell — 32! 4 d , Wortley — 52?, Pitcourt alone — 10", 
And this Nybley — 4'!- 13* 10* In all — 13? 12 s i A . as aforefaid. 

%\\ the laft Subfedy in a° 5'? Caroli were 18 Subfedy men in this village, who Subfedy. 
paid — f': 6 s . ; wherof my felfe was rated at — 12 1 ! land, then a Comiffioner for the 
taxinge therof. 

3!n a° 6 to Jacobi, vpon a generall viewe of able men fitt for the warres betweene Able men. 
20. and 60. yeares old, were in this village, which then fhewed themfelves before 
Henry lord Berkeley, then Lieutenant of the county, — 126. 

3CnJ) now of trayned fouldiers vnder Thomas Veel Efq., their captaine — 20, Souldiers. 
wherof — 10. are corfletts, and — 10. are mufketts, furnifhed by the inhabitants therof. 
And with one light horfe called a Curaffeire, found and furnifhed by the author of 
this defcription. 

5CnD if the whole divifion of Berkeley, accompted a 4 th part of the county, bee 
taxed at — ioo 1 ! vpon any rate for kinge or Comonwealth, The hundred of Berkeley 
paieth therof — $f': 3! And this of Nybley — 25 s 



270 j^unDrcD of 23crhriqj 

Pitcourt. £jjf ffrccljolD? in this village are many, and thofe ancient, wherof 

7. carry alonge with them the names of Courts, and were 

Capitall meffuages or manor houfes ; vz, Pitcourt, Burrowes 

court, Warrens court, Small combes court, Baffetts court, 

Huntfcourt, and Bellamies place : Of each of which in their 

order ; And after of others. 

pitfOlirf, (written fomtimes Pitcote,) continueth a Manor with a Court baron 

yearly holden to this day, the inheritance of Anthony Hungerford Efq^, extendinge 

into Nybley, Stinchcombe, Stancombe, Alkington, Huntingford, Symondfale, and 

the Ridge, wherin yet are three copiholds for lives with widowes eftates after their 

268 hufbands death ; but now foe pared that | by his feverall fales hee hath made 

feverall freeholders more then himfelfe, And in likelihood will not dye feized of the 

refidue that yet remaineth ; vz, my felfe, and you my fonne John, Wittm Curnocke 

and John his fonne, WiHm Purnell of the little greene, John Purnell of Wike, 

Thomas Evered of Bradley, Samuell Trotman, Henry Hayward, Gilbert ffreeman 

of Wike, Chriftopher Purnell, Thomas May, Thomas Peers, WiHm Gibbins of 

Wotton, WiHm Longe, James brother and heire of John Baker of Snytend, Tobias 

Hatheway for halfe an acre in Weftfeild purchafed of WiHm Purnell, Robert 

Oldifworth fonne of Edward fonne of Arnold Oldifworth, for a ground called 

Burrowhill : WiHm Trotman of Stancombe for 1. acre and an halfe in Ruckombe 

clofe, late pcells of Burrowes court, James Gibbes for a cotage and an acre in Wike, 

And — And is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his Manor 

of Wotton forren by the third part of a knights fee, fute to his hundred court of 

Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes, heriot fervice called a Mountuary, 

And by the yearly rent of — 30? 

This little manor extendinge as aforefaid, was the old inheritance of the 
ancient family of the Schais, wherof Roger de Schai was one of the 8. noble 
pledges who in the time of kinge Stephen vndertooke that Roger lord and Baron 
of Durfley fhould performe the agreement and Covenants then made at Briftoll, by 
mediation of the faid kinge Stephen and of Henry then Duke of Normandy, after 
kinge of England by the name of Henry the fecond, betweene the faid Roger and 
Robert the fonne of Hardinge, wherby the manor and Barony of Berkeley was 
eftablifhed vpon the faid Robert and his heires ; Of whom, and of his difcent de- 
duced downe to the nowe lord Berkeley, I have before written fol : 7. et 78. et 
209. And the faid Agreement fee before alfo fol : 176, and after, 325, in Slim- 
bridge : After which Roger de Schai, it came to the names of Mathew le Schay, 

and 



|5i&Icp 271 

and of John le Schay, fonne and heire of John Schay, and of Walter his fonne ; 
And after of Thomas Schay, fonne and heire of John Schai, and of others of that 
name, (though I canot in a perfect difcent range them,) in which name this manor 
continued till the time of kinge Edward the fourth, when Walter Schay als Skey 
leaft iffue one only daughter and heire, called Agnes, maried to Thomas Joachim, 
and died in 9. H. 8. five yeares after her hufband, leavinge iffue betweene them 
John Joachim, who died in 22. H. 8. leavinge iffue Elizabeth his only daughter 
and heire, maryed to Anthony Strange, who died 12. yeares before her hufband in 
a° leavinge iffue two daughters, Anne, and Edith ; Of whom, Anne was 

maried to Edmond Wefton and died in 22. Eliz. leavinge iffue Anne, firft maryed 
to Leonard Ivye and after to John Danvers, by neither of whom fhee had any iffue, 
and died in Eliz : The faid Edith the other daughter and coheire of the faid 
Anthony Strange and of Elizabeth his wife, was maried to Thomas Hungerford 
who had iffue the faid Anthony that nowe is, 1639. travailinge in the 85 th yeare of 
his age : who alfo by the death of the faid Anne his cozen germane inherited the 
wholl. 

<i§>onictol)ilt more of this little Manor of Pitcourt is to bee read in theis records, 
which alfo prove the tenure ; vz, 

ffinis in banco in TeriS Michis. 27. H. 6. Inter Ricm Tefant et at de 

maixio de Pitcote, in Nybley, &c. Et at, in 18. E. 4. 
Paten" : Rec : 9. H. 7. Rot. 293. in coi banco. 

Inq : 9. H. 8. pi morte Agnetis vxoris Thome Joachim — Juratores ignor. 
Hillar Rec. 13. H. 8. Rot. 5. cm Rem Thefaur in Scio. 
Inq : 22. H. 8. pi mortem Jofiis Joachim. — in Soccage. 
Hillaf Rec. 22. H. 8. Rot. 8. in fcio, cm Rem Thefaur. 
Inq : 34. H. S. pi morte Eliz. Strange. — in Soccage. 
Inq : 34. H. 8 pi morte Anthonij Strange. | 

Pafch : Rec. 29. H. 8. Rot. 26. in Sccio cm Rein Thefaur. 269 

Trin Rec. 36. H. 8. Rot. 38. in fcio pd. 

Pafch : Rec : 4. & 5. Ph : & Mar : Rot. 3. in Sccio pd. — per fervic militare. 
Accompt of Wotton. 23. E. 3. in Berkeley Caftle. — per fervic mit. 
Accompt of Wotton. 10. H. 6. ibm. — per fervic militare. 
Co : Roll of Wotton. 36. H. 6. ibm : — per fervic mit. et mountuaf. very 

pfe& 
Co : Roll of Wotton. 4. H. 8. Thomas Skey obijt, good. 
Inq : 16. Caroli, pi mortem Witti Curnocke. — per fervic mit. 

Inq : 17. 



272 ^unorcb of 23crhdep 

Inq : 17. Caroli, p' morte Johis Smyth authoris huius libri. — per fervic mit. 
Inq : 17. Caroli, p' mortem. 

Inq : 17. Caroli, fuper Melius Inquirend p' morte Johis Purnell. — per fervic 
mit. 

|3otC, that the occupiers of this manor of Pitcourt have anciently paid to the 
Abbot of Kingfwood, And fince the diffolucon of that monaftery to the Crowne, 
and Mill doe, the fome of — 7? conceived by the Kings receivor and Baylies to bee 
a cheife rent iffuinge out of this manor, but is not, but goeth only out of fuch their 
lands as lye in Swinhey in Nybley which are nowe the inheritance of Thomas 
May, Thomas Peirs, John Wilkens, George Longe, Henry Hayward, and others, 
a° 1640. which they have purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford and Thomas 
his eldeft fonne, and their feoffees, As by the originall Deed with my felfe, wherin 
the faid — 7 s is referved, appeareth. 

<£)f which aforefaid purchafers of feverall parts of this manor of Pitcourt ; 
My felfe, and my fonne John, doe hold 



YVittm Curnocke and John his fonne doe hold, as after in fol : 271, 272, 273, 
and as after in fol : 270, in Henry Hayward. And for this land fee an office in 
16. Rf Caroli, after the death of the faid William. 

William Purnell of the Little greene holdeth a meffuage at the bottome of 
the little greene called Nybley greene, with a grift mill and fullinge mill vnder one 
roofe neere the fame, with clofes of meadowe and pafture containinge about 

acres, neere the faid meffuage, called 
which hee purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford and Thomas his fonne in 
20° Jacobi, and in his deed of purchafe agreed to pay — 3 s . pcell of their cheife rent 
of — 30* ; of which hee after vpon his fale of 
to John Purnell put over — of his faid rent. 

John Purnell of Wike holdeth one clofe in Clayfeild mead 2. acres., 5. acres 
of arrable in Redfeild and Baynam feild, A clofe called Howcroft cont. 3. acres, a 
clofe called Crefway ground cont 2. acres ; A clofe called Newland cont. 1. acre & 
an halfe, and r. acre of meade in Clayfeild ; All which hee purchafed of the faid 
Anthony Hungerford in fee, in Annis Regis Caroli, And of the faid Cheife 

rent of — 30* paieth — 2'. \ 

Thomas 



$iblcp 273 

Thomas Everod of Bradley holdeth 270 

Samuell Trotman of Stancombe holdeth 



Henry Hayward holdeth one clofe of meadowe and pafture ground called great 
Tidnams, lyinge in Swiney, com about 6. acres, which hee by deed in 22. Jac pur- 
chafed of the faid Wittm Curnocke and John his fonne ; And they (inter alia) of 
the faid Anthony Hungerford and Thomas his fonne as aforefaid ; and of the cheife 
rent of — 5* which the faid Witfm and John by their deed of purchafe from the faid 
Anthony Hungerford and Thomas his fonne agreed to pay as parcell of their — 30* 
the faid Henry therof by his faid Deed agreed to pay — 4^ 

Gilbert ffreeman of Wike holdeth acres in Matford mead in the tithinge 

of Alkington, which hee in Rf purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford, 

but paieth noe part of the faid cheife rent of — 30? 

Chriftopher Purnell holdeth a Meffuage orchard and garden at ffordend in 
Nybley, with divers clofes and grounds therto belonginge, called the Penynge, the 
Combe, a ground by Combe gate, Birchley, greenhinchcombe, Harley, Ruydings, 
Burrowes mead ; and of arrable land, vz, 2. acres in Tetcombe, 4. acres in Willef- 
ley, 2. acres in Aldercombe, 8. acres in Winchcombe, and 2. acres in Ruydings, 
which hee with mee Apr. 10. Caroli purchafed of Anthony Hungerford, And 

the faid Chriftopher Purnell of mee by releafe in Caroli ; And of the faid 

cheife rent of — 30* payeth — 18? 

Thomas May of Howley in Nybley holdeth one clofe of pafture called the 
grove cont 6. acres., a meadowe called Wickley cont one acre and an halfe., and a 
ground called the Penynge cont 5. acres, all lyinge in Swiney ; And which in a° 
Caroli Rf hee purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford ; And of the faid cheife 
rent of — 30' payeth — 6^ 

Thomas Peirs holdeth halfe an acre in Slades next the hedge, and 5. acres 
late arrable in the Deane feild, and 3. clofes called Buttefcrofts in Swyney ; And 
an houfe orchard and garden, and a clofe adioyninge in fforthay cont 2. acres ; 
And one acre more in the faid Deane feild, and 2. acres more of arr in Slades ; All 

which 

2 N VOL. Ill 



274 J^untiixD of S&crhdcp 

which hee purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford in a? Regis Caroli ; 

And of the faid cheife rent of — 30^ paieth 1 2 d . 

William Gibbens of Wotton holdeth one acre and an halfe in Bournfeild of 
arr land, which hee in A? Rf Caroli purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford, 
And of the faid Cheife rent of — 30' payeth 6 d . 

William Longe, fonne of George, holdeth one clofe of pafture in Tetcombe 
feild cont 1. acre, which hee purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford, And of 
the faid cheife rent of — 30 s paieth — ; w c . h was purchafed in A° Caroli Rf . | 

271 ffrancis Baker, brother and heire of John Baker of Snitend in Nybley, 

holdeth one acre in Rackcombe iuxta Stancombe, which the faid John purchafed 
of the faid Anthony Hungerford : And of the faid cheife rent of — 30? paieth — ; 
purchafed in Caroli Rf . 

Tobias Hatheway of Snitend holdeth halfe an acre of land in weft feild which 
hee purchafed of Wittm Purnell aforefaid, and hee of Anthony Hungerford in a° 
Rf Caroli ; And of the faid cheife rent of — 30? paieth — 

Robert Oldifworth fonne of Edward, fonne of Arnold, holdeth a pafture 
ground called Burrough hill cont 5. acres, which the faid Arnold in a° Rf Jacobi 
purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford, And of the faid cheife rent of — 30? 
paieth — 

William Trotman of Stancombe, holdeth one acre and an halfe in Ruckcombe 
clofe, which hee in a°. Rf purchafed of the faid Anthony HungVord, And of 

the faid cheife rent of 30* paieth — 

James Gibbs holdeth one Cotage and an acre of ground enclofed therto 
adioyninge, in Wike, which hee purchafed of Thomas Mundy, and hee of my felfe, 
and I of the faid Anthony Hungerford in a° Rf , And of the faid cheife 

rent of — 30' paies — 

Ifaack Smyth of Durfeley holdeth a meffuage and divers lands therto belong- 
inge lyinge in Charfeild, which hee by a Deed inrolled in the court of Comon pleas 
in Michas terme a° 9? Rf Caroli, and by fine and other affurances fome wherof beare 

date 



$ibkp 275 

date the 21 th of November a 9° p\T, purchafed of the faid Anthony Hungerford, and 
were parcell of this manor of Pitcourt, as thofe his conveyances and many of the 
former doe fhewe. 

William Curnocke of Burrowes court, holdeth, &c. wherof read in the next 
page : And vpon his purchafe, beinge to pay 5 s . of Anthony Hungerfords cheife 
rent, Set over — 4 1 ! therof to Henry Hay ward vpon his fale of Tydnams, as formerly 
appeares fol : 269. | 



2&urrotoe£ Court : A Meffuage at the lower end of the little greene neere vnto 272 



Marten bridge, which in proceffe of time tooke the name of Burghes or Burrowes 
court from William de Burgo, to whom and his heires Thomas Lord Berkeley the 
firft of that name, about 10. H. 3, granted the fame by the name of halfe a yard 
land, (containinge about 43. acres,) which Richard le Butt fomtimes held of him in 
villinage, To hold by the yearly rent of 20 s . and by knight fervice, as by the deed 
it felfe, which followeth, appeares. 

4&tiant pfentes et futuri quod ego Thomas de Berket dedi conceffi et hac pnti 
carta mea confirmavi Witto de Burgo de Nubbeleye pro homagio et fervicio fuo, 
Dimidiam virgatam terrae cum oibus fuis pertinentijs, Illam videlicet quam Ricus 
le But aliquando tenuit in villinagio in villa de Nubbeleye : TenencT et habend de 
me et heredibus meis fibi et heredibus fuis libere, quiete, et integre, iure hereditario 
imperpetuum : Reddendo inde anuatim mihi et heredibus meis ipfe et heredes fui, 
viginti folidos argenti ad quatuor anni terminos, vidett ad natale Dni quinq folidos, 
Ad Pafcha quinq folidos, ad nativitatem beati Johis Baptiftse quinq, folidos, et ad 
feftm fci Michis quinq, folidos, pro omnibus fervicijs et fecularibus demandis, Salvo 
regali fervicio quantum ptinet ad tantum tefitum in eod feodo ; Ad quern redditum 
terminis pdcis folvend, Idem Wiftus concedit pro fe et heredibus fuis, quod ego dcus 
Thomas de Berket et heredes mei poffimus eundem Willimum et heredes fuos 
quotiescunq neceffe fuerit diftringere, libere et quiete fuper quibufcunq, tenementis 
quae tenent vel tenere contingant apud Nubbeleye et alibi infra libertatem de Berket. 
Ego vero dcus Thomas de Berket et heredes mei pMcam virgatam terrae cm oibus 
fuis ptinentijs pdco Willimo et heredibus fuis contra omnes mortales per pMiclum 
fervicium imperpetuum warrantizabimus. In cuius rei teftimonium, huic pYenti cartae 
ad modum cirographi confectse figilla nra alternatim funt appofita. Hijs teftibus, 
Dno Robto de Berket, Petro de Stintefcumbe, Elia de Cumbe, Witto de Cumbe, 
Warino filio Witti, et alijs. 



Burrowes Court. 



276 ^unDrcb of 25crhdcp 

Cf)C #aiD William de Burgo the feoffee had iffue Walter de Burgo, who was 
father of William de Burgo, who in 6. et 7. E. 2. was in ward to Thomas lord 
Berkeley the fecond of that name, grandchilde of the forefaid Thomas the feoffor, 
for this land ; As the Accompts of thofe yeares made by the Reeve of the Manor 
of Wotton doe fhewe, which are in Berkeley Caftle. 

£>t)0ttlp after this land came to the family of Schay, lord of Pitco n , but whether 
by purchafe or by mariage of the heire of de Burgo it is the private evidences of 
the faid Anthony Hungerford only that muft tell, for I, as yet, cahot : But therby 
(as I conceive) the cheife rent of Pitcourt, before but — 10', was increafed to — 30* 
p anfi. And fo this land of William de Burgo continued in the fame lyne of Schai 
with Pitcourt before mentioned, vntill the faid Anthony Hungerford in the 20'. 11 of 
kinge James fold this Burrowes court with the lands therto belonginge to Wittm 
Curnocke and John his eldeft fonne ioyntly in fee: By reafon of which longe poffef- 
fion in one and the fame lyne this Burrowes court was reputed generally to bee 
part of that manor of Pitcourt : And vpon feverance thereof by fale in 20. Jacobi, 
the cheife rent of — 5? pcell of the faid — 30 s was agreed betweene the purchafors 
and feller to bee thenceforth paid, and foe mentioned in their deed of bargaine and 
fale : And the faid John Curnocke died before his father in 14° Caroli, and by Jane 
273 Burbage | his wife had iffue Margaret only childe, vpon whom this yeare. 1639. 
15'" Caroli, the faid William hath fetled moft of this land, The pcells of all fee 
after in this page. 

Piita affifaa. a° 32. H. 3. Walterus de Burgo et Alicia vxor eius petunt verfus 
Nigellum filium Roberti de Kingefcote, vnam carucatam terrae in Nybley : Which 
Nigell had iffue Maurice, who maried Eve, and dyed without iffue before his father; 
And the faid Alice was daughter of the faid Robert, who was to have the land by 
conveyance after the death of Eve, who was nowe dead : Heerin they drewe to 
iffue vpon the grant, and compounded. 

Rot. paten, 4. E. 3. in dorfo rotuli : Wittus fit Witti de Burgo arr affifam vers 
Thoma fit Mauricij de Berkeley chr et at, de tends in Nubbeley iuxta Berkeley. 

Co : Roll of Wotton fforren. 36. H. 6. Jofces Skey obijt (inter alia) de vno 
meffuagio voc Burrowes, cm diufis terris eid fpeclian in Nybbeley. Redd. — 
heriet duae vaccae. Walter eft frater et heres, 40. aiio£. 

Zi\C parcells anciently belonginge to Burrowes Court fold by Anthony Hunger- 
ford aforefaid to Wittm and John Curnocke in fee, are theis ; viz, The dwellinge 

houfe 



$iblcp 277 

houfe called Burrowes Court, orchard and garden adioyninge. 8. acres of arrable 
land in the weft feild, 2. acres in Stretly, one acre in Bowry, one acre in ruckombe, 
halfe an acre in Chefley, a meadowe called Burrowes mead cont 1. acre and an halfe, 
Burrowes moore cont 2. acres, a meadowe in Weft feild called Overly cont 2. acres, 
a clofe of pafture in Clay feild called Hufwifes acre, cont 1. acre, A pafture ground 
called the grove cont 3. acres, A pafture ground called the Ley cont 8. acres ; A 
pafture in Weft feild cont 3. acres ; A pafture called Swineburne cont 5. acres ; 
A pafture called great Tidnam in Swiney cont 6. acres, and a ridge called the 
Racke ridge in Winley feild : — wherof theis perfons have purchafed theis parcells 
fince vz, 

Henry Heyward purchafed the faid pafture called great Tidnam in Swyney 
cont 6. acres of the faid William and John Curnocke, of whom fee before in fol: 269, 
amongft the purchafers of the manor of Pitcourt. | 

i©flrren£ Court : This was the Capitall meffuage and ancient habitacon of Sir 274 
Peter the fonne of Warren knight ; After, of Warren fonne of William ; After of Warrens Court - 
Warren fonne of Warren ; After of Wittm fit3 Warren, And laftly of Thomas fit3 
Warren ; In which name and family of the Warrens it continued vntill about 40. 
E. 3, when by the purchafe of the lady Katherine Berkeley, the fecond wife and 
widowe of Thomas Lord Berkeley the third of that name, in the names of Milke- 
fham and Oldland, preifts, her feoffees in truft, And vpon her foundinge of the free 
grammer fchoole in Wotton-vnderedge in 9. R. 2, it became parcell of the poffef- 
fions therof ; In which condicon it ftill remaineth, and my felfe tenant therto for 
more then 40. yeares paft ; Wherof read more in the defcription of Wotton vnder- 
edge fol : 407. And out of theis Records ; vz, 

Rot. finiu. 9. E. 1. membr. 16. 

Rot. finiu. 15. E. 3. membr. 2. 

Rot. paten : 16. E. 3. ps. 1. in dorfo. 

Rot. claus. 23. E. 3. ps. 1. membr. 24. in dorfo. 

Micftas Rec. in banco regis. 28. et 29. Eliz. Rot. 308. et 310. 



2tllD from the ancient feifin and poffeffion of the generous Sirname of JDarccn, 
it tetaines the name of Warrens court to this day ; 1639. 

<i&maIcombc Coutt : The name is ancient and feemes to have byn taken, from Smalcombe Court, 
the firft buildinge of the houfe, from the ftandinge and fcituacon of the manfion or 



278 ^JuntircQ of 23crfericp 

manor houfe vpon a fmall combe hanginge or declininge of an hill, by which it 
ftandeth. 

9CncinitIp this meffuage was in the name and family of Thomas de Ecclefia, 
and Thomas de la church de Nubbeley, who lived in the time of kinge H. 3. and 
before; And feemes to drawe that name from the fcituacSn of the houfe and grounds, 
neereft to the Church or Chappie there of any other : Which Thomas was father 
of Robert de Ecclefia, father of John de Nubbeley, who lived in the time of kinge 
E. 1. and of E. 1. And iinediately after of the Smalcombes, the place I fuppofe 
changinge the name, and not the family, as Wiftm de Smalcombe, Thomas de 
Smalcombe, John de Smalcombe. and fome others ; fomtimes omittinge the french 
particle, (de) denotinge the genetive cafe, as the englifh (of) doth. 

After it came into the name of Harsfeld by marriage of the heire of Smalcombe, 
and foe continued till Thomas Harsfeild, fonne and heire of Thomas, in 37° Eliz. 
fold the fame to Wittm Tracy Efq^ who afterwards aliened the fame to my felfe and 
others, as after followeth : ffor which Alienacons and rent, fee the Court rolls of 
Wotton fforren, 39. Eliz. And 

25p the guift of part of this land to a Chantry preift, it proved, after the ftatute 
of 1. E. 6. that gave them to the Crowne, a land of much contention ; and contrary 
verdicls were given vpon feverall iffues one againft another, afwell at the Exche- 
quer barre as at Affifes in the countrey, not reconciled till the titles of all contrariant 
parties were brought in and a Recovery had in a writt of right, after iffue ioyned : 
As after fol : 287. | 

2 75 5fa t ^ 1 ' s P' ace > becaufe of your feifin heerof, my fonne, to whom I have vpon 

your manage given the fame, I will borrowe leave to declare once for all, and the 
rather through the often changes or variations of the Sirnames of the owners of this 
meffuage, That wheras before the Norman conqueft moft part of places had their 
names, either of their fcituacon or of fome notable accident or noble man, wherof 
this hundred prefenteth fome of each kinde : That iinediately after the arrivall of 
the Normans who obtained thofe lands, and who firft brought into this Realme 
of England the names of Thomas, John, Nicholas, ffrancis, Stephen, Henry, and 
the like, nowe moft vfuall ; Men began to bee knowne and firnamed of their dwel- 
lings and poffeffions, as heere of the little or fmall combe wheron the ancient 
capitall meffuage is fcituate, as hath byn faid. And certaine alfo it is, That the 

Normans 



!>iblep 279 

Normans at their firft entry after their victory obtained laboured by all meanes to 
fupplant the Englifh tongue, and to plant their owne language amongft vs : And 
for that purpofe both gave vs the lawes and all manner of paftimes, games, and 
fports, in the french tongue, as hee that will perufe the lawes of the Conqueror, 
and confider the termes of hawking, huntinge, tennis play, dice, card plaies and 
other difports, fhall eafily perceive : And which feemeth moft of all reiecled the 
Saxons characters and their wonted manner of writinge, bringinge in their owne 
alphabet and frame of letters. 

<Ci)C tenure of this Smalcombe Court and of the acres of land of old 

therto belonginge, is of George Lord Berkeley as of his manor of Wotton fforren, 
in focage, by 12 1 ! rent, and fuite to his hundred Court of Berkeley from three weekes 
to three weekes : Of which 12"? you my fonne by an apportionment therof made in 
the Court of the faid Manor pay — Q d . And— i d by Wittm Curnocke is paid for a 
ground called Burrowes mead containinge 6. acres, And — i* by Wittm Marten is 
paid for 3. acres of meadowe in Swynehey, called Swyneis mead. And — i d . by 
Jofeph Jobbins for an houfe and acres of land called Shabhill, which hee 

lately aliened to ffrancis Hey ward ats Peers a carrier, which Jofeph was a younger 
fonne of ffrancis Jobbins deceafed, who gave it vnto him ; And the faid William 
Curnocke hath alfo two acres of meadowe in Winley, and one acre of meadowe in 
weftfeild. 

2&n$0Ctttf Court. An ancient capitall meffuage and manor houfe of old called Baffetts Court. 
Sherncliffe court, from a cleffe or hill of that name affronting on the eaft, nowe the 
inheritance of James Gibbs and others as after followeth, holden of George lord 
Berkeley by knight fervice, fute to the hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes 
to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — 26 s 8 d . But whether of the lord's Manor 
of Wotton fforren, to which the cheife rent is paid, and wherto I encline, or of his 
manor of Alkington, fith queftion hath byn moved by a fute at lawe, I will not 
abfolutely determine. 

Cljf originall grant of this land was by Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of 
that name, by a deed without date, but neere about the 16. E. 1. in theis words; vz, | 

#nttu6u£ xpi fidelibus ad quos prefens fcriptum pervenerit, Thomas de Berkel 276 
dns de Berket faltm in dno. Noveritis me dediffe et hoc pYenti fcripto meo confir- 
maffe Rico dicto de camera, pro homagio et fervicio fuo, totam illam terram cum 

ptinentijs 



280 j^unorco of 23crhdcp 

ptinentijs, quam Robtus de Wike quondam tenuit apud Nubbeley : Dedi etiam et 
conceffi eid Rico totam illam terram cum pertinentijs quam Radulphus Marefchallus 
quondam tenuit in Swynheye ; Dedi etiam et conceffi eid Rico tota ilia terra cum 
pertinentijs quam Walterus Rolfe quondam tenuit apud Wyneley, quam quidem 
terram Nichus faber quondam tenuit : Hend et tenend oia pMca terras et tenta cm 
oibus fuis ptinen dco Rico et heredibus de corpore fuo tittime procreatis, de me et 
heredibus meis, libere et quiete, integre bene et in pace, cum libero introitu et exitu 
vt in domibus, edificijs, gardinis, curtilagijs, pratis, pafcuis et pafturis, coibus, et 
oibus alijs libtatibus et liberis confuetudinibus ad pdca terras et tenta quoquo modo 
fpeclantib9, iure hereditario imppetuum. Reddendo inde anuatim mihi et heredib9 
meis dcus Ric et heredes fui de corpore fuo legittime procreati, duas marcas argenti 
ad quatuor anni terminos principales, equali portione : vz, ad natale Dni fex folidos 
et otto denarios, Ad pafcha fex folidos et oclo denarios, Ad feftm nativitatis beati 
J obis Baptiftae fex folidos et octo denarios, et ad feftm fci Micbis fex folidos et otto 
denarios, pro oibus fervicijs et fecularibus demandis: Salvo regali fervicio, vz, tantum 
quantm pertinet ad tantm tentum in eod feodo : Et falvis mihi et heredibus meis 
feclis ad hundreds meu de Berket de tribus feptimanis in tres feptimanas Et ego 
pidcus Thomas et heredes mei tota p\3ca terra cm oibus fuis vbiq^ pertinentijs [klco 
Rico et heredibus fuis de corpore fuo legittime procreatis, in forma pdca contra oes 
mortales warrantizabimus imperpetuum. Et fi contingat dcm Ricum fine herede de 
corpore fuo legittime procreato in fata difcedere, ex tunc omnia pdca terrae et tenta 
cm oibus fuis vbiq, ptinentijs mihi et heredibus meis fine contradiclione alicuius 
plenarie et integre revertantur. In cuius rei teftimonium huic pYenti fcripto ad 
modum Cirograpb confeclo, figillum meum et figillum dci Rici alternatim funt 
appofita. Hijs teftibus, Robto de Stone, Robto de Bradefton, Waltero de Chalde- 
feild, WiHo de Combe, Witto de Burgo, Robto de Draicote, Thoma de Swonhungre, 
et alijs. — Which deed is in my cuftody from William Baffett who gave it mee. 

£t)CXC is another Deed in theis words ; viz!,— Sciant pntes et futuri, qd ego 
Thomas Dns de Berkeley dedi conceffi et hac pnti carta mea confirmavi Rico de la 
Chamber, pro homagio et fervicio fuo, et Dionifiae vxori eius et Thome filio eorun- 
dem, Totm illud tentm et terra cm oibus eo^i ptinen, quod Robtus de Wike quondam 
tenuit in villa de Nybbely, qd quidem tentm Barthot de Olepen tenet ad terminu 
vit3s fuse : Preterea dedi et conceffi pdcis Rico, Dionifise et Thome, totm illud tentm 
et terram cm oibus vbiq^ eo^ ptinen, qd Nicbus molend aliquando tenuit apud 
la Swinehey ; qd quidem tentm Radus Marefchall tenet ad terminu vitae fuae: 
Hend et tenend oia et fingula antedicla cm oibus eo^ vbiq^ ptinen de me et 

heredibus 



$iblq> 281 

heredibus meis, pdcis Rico Dionifiae et Thomae, et hered fuis, libere, quiete, in- 
tegre, bene, et in pace, cum oibus libtatibus et liberis confuetudinib9, in pratis, 
bofcis, pafcuis, et pafturis, in oibus rebus et locis cm oibus eoa vbiq,, ptineil ad pdca 
tenta aliquo modo ptineil, iure hereditario fine vllo retenemento imppetuum ; Red- 
dendo inde anuatim mihi dco Thomae toto tempore vitae mese tantm, et port deceffu 
vitae meae Jacobo de Berkeley filio meo et heredibus fuis de corpore fuo legittime 
procreatis, fex folidos argenti ad quatuor anni terminos vfuales, equis portionibus 
pro tento apud le Swynehey ; Et etia | pro teilto quonda Roberti de Wike poft 277 
deceffum vitas dci Barthot de Olepen pdco Jacobo et hered fuis de corpore fuo 
legittime procreat — 20? argenti ad quatuor anni terminos vfuat, equis portionibus. 
Poft deceffum vero vitas pdcb^ Rici Dionifiae et Thomae, heredes fui folvere tenentur 
pro p\dcis duobus tefitis p>dco Jacobo de Berkeley filio meo, et hered fuis de corpore 
fuo procreat, 30? argenti ad 4. anni terminos vfuales equis portionibus pro omnibus 
fervic et fecular demandis quocunq^ modo contingen ; Salvo regali fervicio quantum 
ad tantu tefitu de eod feodo in eact villa ptinebit, Et falvis fectis ad hundredum meum 
de Berkei de 3. feptimail in 3. feptimail raconabit fumonic prius habita. Et ego dcus 
Thomas et heredes mei oia et fingula antedicTta cm oibus eo^ vbif^ ptinen vt pMcm 
eft pdcis Rico Dionifiae et Thomae et hered fuis, in forma pdca contra oes mortales 
warrantizabim9 acquietabim9 et imppetuum defendebimus. In cuius rei teftimonium 
huic pnti cartae in modum Cirographi indentat figilla fua alternatim funt appenfa. 
Hijs teftib9, Dno Robto de Berkel, Robto de Stan, Robto de Bradfton, Petro de 
Stintefcumbe, W° de Burgo, Waltero de Chaldfeild, W° de Combe et alijs. 

And by a Deed dated 1 Maij. a° 34. E. 1. Johes de Berkelee, filius Dni Thome 
de Berkelee, remifit dco dno Thome totm ius et clameum quod huit in duobus mcis 
annui redditus et oibus alijs fervicijs Rici de Wike apud Sharnclive in Nebbele. 
Howe this John Berkeley had this, I have not obferved. 

jrEOltl the iffue of which Richard de Camera, (groome of the faid Lords 
Chamber,) called afterwards Richard de Wike, (where alfo hee had more land then 
this,) this meffuage and land came about 10. E. 3, by p r chafe as I conceive, to bee 
the inheritance of Sir Simon Baffett knight, a gent fitted tarn Marti quam Mercurio, 
a great comaunder in the Battell of Poitiers, many yeares Efcheator and Sheriffe 
of this County : And from him by divers lineall difcents it came to Wittm Baffett, 
(whofe difcents, with the times of their feverall deathes fee before in Ewley, fol. 
188. et 31,) which Wittm Baffet fonne of Edward, in 4° Jacobi, fold the fame to 
Wittm Gibbs and to Henry Hatheway ioyntly and to their heires : And vpon 

partition, 

2 o VOL. Ill 



282 JNnorco of SScrhrirp 

partition, after their ioynt fales of fome remote parts of the grounds by them made, 
This wholl meffuage and almoft all the grounds and clofes adioyninge, were allotted 
to the faid Wittm Gibbs and his heires ; And from him afwell by deed in his life 
time, as by his laft will dated was conveyed to James Gibbs his 

yongeft fonne and his heires, now dwellinge vpon the fame : But fuch and foe 
many have byn the morfells pared from this meffuage, that 18. feverall freeholders 
at this day have feverall parts therof ; fome from the ioynt fale of Witim Gibbs 
and Henry Hatheway before their partition as aforefaid, which was in , 

fome by Henry Hatheway alone after partition, And fome by the faid Wittm Gibbs, 
as followeth ; 

2l$p griff and you my fonne hold therof, 2. acres in Sharncliffe hill, Tumors 
croft 3. acres, one acre in lower Stretly, 3 acres in Ewcombs, 1. acre inclofed in 
church feild, 3 acres in clayfeild, inclofed ; a meadowe called Marfhalls, and a 
ground called the lower pennynge. 

John Grayle fonne of John Graile clarke, holds one clofe of pafture contain- 
inge 4. acres in | 

278 William Trotman of Stancombe, in right of his wife the widowe of Robert 

Purnell, the revertion in fee to Robert Purnell fonne of the faid Robert, holds one 
clofe in Elfoulds containinge acres. 

Jefper Eftcourt gent holdeth 6. acres of meadowe ground in Edgeborne, and 
one acre called Hockmead, and 4. acres in Broadcroft, and halfe the ground called 
Longmead. 

John Smyth of Southend holdeth one acre of pafture in Ridings. 

John Purnell of Wike holdeth a meadowe and pafture clofe called Percy 
furlonge containinge acres, And one clofe called ffoules grove adioyninge to 

the vpper end of Bufh ftreete, cont about 7. acres, whereof read after fol : 

William Curnocke of Burrowes Court aforefaid holdeth three little grounds 
called the Stockes, Rodes, and Brookfurlonge, containinge about acres. 

Samuell Trotman holdeth one clofe called Goofmead, and 4. acres of land in 
Weftfeild. 

John 



Jpiblcp 283 

John Hale of Nybley holdeth one acre. 

William Purnell of the greene holdeth a meadowe ground called Worth hayes, 
and another called the hurne. 

William Gibbens holdeth a Meffuage and a clofe adioyninge cont 2. acres, 
parcell of the ancient meffuage called ffrendfplace. 

Humphrey Spicer holdeth an houfe and backfide called Cobbs houfe. 

John Selman fonne of John, holdeth 3. acres of arrable land in Giftingthorne. 

John Wilkens holdeth one clofe of pafture called Hawgrove cont 7. acres, 
which hee in a° purchafed of 

Nicholas Gibbs, eldeft fonne of Wittm Gibbs aforefaid, holdeth, one clofe of 
meadowe and pafture called Beane clofe cont 8. acres, adioyninge to Baffets court. 

James Gibbs, youngeft fonne of Wittm Gibbs, holdeth the faid capitall 
meffuage called Baffetts court with divers clofes of meadowe and pafture ground 
therto adioyninge cont about 60. acres. 

ffrancis Purnell holdeth one clofe called Yongcrofts cont acres in 

Maria Taylor holdeth one acre which her father 

Robert Tailor ats Evans purchafed of | 

2$p an Inq : 35. H. 8. after the death of Giles Baffett, hee is found to dye 279 
feized (inter at) of the manor of Sharncliffe in Nybley, holden of the kinge as of 
his Caftle or manor of Berkeley by fealty and 34* rent for all fervices, joyninge the 
fame vnder the fame tenure with his lands in Came, as there appeares, fol : [133] 

j&CC the Co : roll of Wotton fforren 39. Eliz, for the alienacon to Edward 
Baffet ; rent 33? 4^ Releife vpon the alienacon. 

23p Inq : found at Berkeley 10° Augufti. 17. Rf Caroli, after the death of the 
faid WiHm Curnocke, it was found that hee died in 

^tmtgcourt : 



284 ^unorcb of 25crftdcp 

Huntfcourt ©unt£COUrt: is an ancient capitall meffuage with 58. acres of land therto belong- 

inge, havinge taken the name from the feizin of the ancient owners therof, who 
(though they poffeffed other lands in other places) heere made their abode for many 
generations ; holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Wotton fforren by 
knight fervice, vz, the x* part of a knights fee, fute to his hundred court of Berke- 
ley from three weekes to 3 weekes, and by the yearly rent of — 15* 

5|n the beginninge of the raigne of kinge Edward the firft, it was the land of 
Robert le Venor ; after of Michaell Venator ats Hunt, who dyed in 9. E. 2, leavinge 
John Hunt his fonne and heire within age, therby in ward to Thomas lord Berkeley 
the fecond of that name ; After him it came to two other of the fame name of John 
Hunt; And laftly, another John Hunt towards the end of kinge E. 4. left iffue a 
daughter, maryed to Hugh Tyndall ats Hutchins, who died in , father of 

John Tyndall ats Hutchins who died in , and was father of Thomas who 

dyed in , father of Richard Tyndall who died in 19° Eliz, father of Richard 

who died in 18. Jacobi, father of Thomas Tyndall who dyed , father of 

Thomas Tyndall that nowe is, a° 1639, ward to the kinge for other land, holden by 
knight fervice in Capite, As the office or Inquificon found vpon his death in 
Rf Caroli fheweth. I 



280 

Bellamies in 
Bircheley. 



23cHamu% hi 25irrf)dcp, in Nybley, is a meffuage longe fince decaied in the 
north eaft end of Nibley containinge about 30. acres, now the inheritance of 
Chriftopher Purnell, holden of George Lord Berkeley as of his manor of Wotton 
fforren by knight fervice, fute to his hundred court of Berkeley from 3 weekes to 
3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — x? 

5Cncictttlp this was the land of Nicholas de la grove, fomtime written Grover, 
and after of Belamy, And in 36. H. 6. of Thomas Skey fonne of John Schay, And 
in the time of of Elizabeth Audely, who by her will in devifed 

the fame to Nicholas Rogers and Katherine his wife, and to the heires of the faid 
Katherine : which Nicholas dyed in 1 Eliz : and Katherine furvived and died in 2. 
Eliz. leavinge iffue John Rogers, who died in 13. Eliz. leavinge iffue David Rogers 
and Thomas Rogers : David died without iffue in , And Thomas 

Rogers was his brother and heire, who in 35. Eliz : aliened the fame to Jenkin 
Rees, and hee to Wittm Hopkins of Briftoll, who in aliened the fame 

to Thomas Purnell, who by his will in 20. Jacobi devifed the fame to his fecond 
fonne the faid Chriftopher Purnell, and his heires, nowe owner therof. A° 1639. 



<#rt>Icp 285 

5ilt 25crferifp caftle are the Accompts of the Reeves of the faid Manor of 
Wotton fforren, in 6. et 7. E. 2, which fhewe this to bee then the land of Nicholas 
de la grove ats Grover, whofe fonne and heire Richard was in ward for the fame 
to Thomas then Lord Berkeley; which Richard by a fyne levyed in 7. E. 2. aliened 
the fame to Walter Belamy and his heires, ffrom whofe feifin it keepes the name of 
Bellamies to this day, 1639. Of which Belamy more next is to bee faid. 

See for this the Court Roll of Wotton fforren. 25. Eliz. And 13. Eliz. 

Co : roll of Wotton fforren, 36. H. 6, Joftes Skey obijt feitus de vno mefs cm 
diverfis terris eid fpecftan, vocat Bellamies in Birchley, herr. redd. Walter eft frater 
et heres, 40. ano£. 

33riltimtC£ olafC in the fouthend of this village of Nybbeley, is an ancient Bellamies place, 
. , * . , , , , r. , , in Southend, 

meffuage with divers lands therto belonginge contaimnge about acres, a myle 

from the former Bellamies, fome parts wherof extended into Bradley and Hunten- 

ford, And had alfo its name from the poffeffion of the forefaid Walter Bellamy, a 

very remarkeable freeholder in his time, which continues to this day : And is 

holden of George Lord Berkeley as of his manor of Wotton fforren by the xvj'l 1 

part of a knights fee, fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. 

weekes, and by the yearly rent of — vj*! ' 

«£!)!.£ 25cUamtCg plflfC was anciently in the beginninge of the raigne of kinge 
Henry the third, and before, the land of Robert de Stone, father of Robert de 
Stone, father of Thomas de Stone, who in the begininge of the raigne of kinge 
Edward the fecond was in ward for the fame to Thomas then lord Berkeley, And 
lett by him to the faid Walter Bellamy for 40? p anil, as the Reeves Accompts of 
that manor of Wotton fforren from 6. E. 2. to 1. E. 3. doe fhewe, which are in 
Berkeley Caftle. [ 

£l)C faid Thomas de Stone dyed in 9. E. 2. leavinge 2. daughters and coheires, 281 
wherof the yonger called Alice was within age, whofe wardfhip alfo the lord 
Berkeley had, as the faid Accompts doe alfo fhewe. 

<Tl)C other daughter called Jone, then of full age, was maried to John Sergeant 
an ancient freeholder in Stone; And in a particon by Deed in 21. E. 3. made 
betweene Jone daughter and heire of the faid Jone, then wife of Walter Hurft, 

And 



286 Dunorcb of 23crhctep 

And Wiftm Swonhunger fonne of the faid Alice, either of them had one halfe 
part allotted in feveralty of theis lands, and foe continued for divers generations ; 
wherof fee more in Stone, fol : 356, 357, And in Wanifwell, fol : 368, 369 ; And 
fee the ptieon verbatim, fol : 282. 

Cl)C foresail) 3'onc maried to John Serieant had iffue J one aforementioned, 
firft maryed to Walter Hurft, fecondly to Walter Brokenburrowe, and thirdly to 
Edmond fiord ; By her two later hufbands fliee had noe iffue, but by Walter Hurft 
fhee had iffue Ifable maryed to Sir John Bitton knight, who had iffue Katherine 
maryed to Thomas Rugge, who had iffue Jone firft maryed to Sir Robert Grendore 
knight who dyed in 22. H. 6, as his office found after his death fheweth, And 
fecondly to Sir John Barre knight who died in 21. E. 4, as the office or Inquificon 
found after his death fheweth : And laft of all the faid Jone dyed without iffue in 
1. H. 7, Shee and her hufband Sir Rob: Grendore, havinge in 16. H. 6. entayled 
all her lands in Stone, Hame, Alkington, Wanifwell, ffafeild, and Nybley, with the 
advowfon of our ladies chantry in the Chaple of Stone, for default of iffue of her 
body, vpon Thomas Sergeant of Monmouth towne, and the heires males of his body, 
with remainder to her right heires, which I conceive either to have byn himfelfe, as 
next of the whole bloud to that John Sergeant and Jone his wife, daughter and co- 
heire of Thomas de Stone formerly mentioned, or next collaterally : The iffue male 
of which Thomas (nowe by her death in 1. H. 7. the laft of this her lyne,) became 
to bee feized firft of theis lands, which after his death difcended to John Sergeant 
his fonne, who was father of Sergeant, father of Thomas Sergeant, father 

of Thomas Sergeant, who in 6. E. 6. fold theis lands in Nybley to one John Smyth, 
who after conveyed the fame to James Hadlowe, fonne of James Hadlowe clerke, 
who in a° fexto Rf Jacobi, fold the fame to Henry Hatheway, who alfo by purchafe 
had the part of Alice the other daughter and coheire of Thomas de Stone, as after 
followeth : And the faid Thomas Sergeant, fonne of Thomas, after dyed in S 
Eliz. leavinge iffue Thomas Sergeant the yonger (as hee was cofiionly called,) who 
in 14° and 16° Eliz. Rne aliened all the reft of his before mentioned lands to Hugh 
Smyth and others, As in the defcription of Stone lhall appeare fol : 355, and after. 

See a fyne of all theis lands levied in Oclabis purificacois, a° 15. R. 2. inter 
Norton et Shawe capellafl, et Edfh flford et Jotia vfore eius, which is inrolled in 
Rot. claus. a° 1. H, 4. in arce Londini, 

See the Court roll of Wotton fforren, 42. Eliz. after the death of the faid John 
Smyth, and his conveyance of this land, &c. | 



3Tf)C aforefaid Alice yongeft daughter of the faid Thomas de Stone, was maryed 282 
to John Swonhunger, fonne and heire of John Swonhunger, who had iffue betweene 
them Thomas Swonhunger, who after his father died without iffue, And Witt in 
Swonhunger who was father of Klias, father of Elias, who left iffue John Swon- 
hunger, who died without iffue in 3. H. 4, and 2. daughters, viz, Elizabeth maryed 
to James Gayner, who alfo dyed without iffue, and Ifable maried to John Thorpe 
of Briitoll, who had iffue betweene them John Thorpe who died in 9. E, 4, leavinge 
iffue Richard who dyed in 6. H. 8, and was father of Thomas who dyed in 17. H. 8, 
and was father of Thomas Thorpe who dyed in 34. H. 8, father of Nicholas Thorpe 
who dyed in 42. Eliz, leavinge iffue George Thorpe who the next yeare after his 
fathers death, by the deed dated 16'? April a° 43. Eliz, fold the fame to John Birton 
and his heires, by the name of his meffuage called Bellamies, &c : which John 
Birton the fame yeare of 43° Eliz. (the yeare hee dyed,) by his will devifed the 
fame to Thomas Oakes of Wotton and his heires, who in a" 3 Rf Jacobi, fold 
the fame to the forefaid Henry Hatheway, (then hufband to Katherine fifter of the 
faid John Birton, and to his heires : wherby in him theis two filters parts, Joane 
and Alice, were after 287. yeares feverance againe vnited ; which lands in all the 
feverall parcells of them in all places did lye foe equally together, That the lands 
themfelves would have declared to him that had noe further knowledge, that they 
were the equall parted parts of two fifters : Of whofe difcents, fince H. 3. to' the 
fale of George Thorpe in 43. Eliz, fee after in Wanifwell and Swonhunger als 
Saniger, fol : 365. 367. 368. 

23ut fince the vnitinge purchafes of the faid Henry Hatheway, hee and his 
eldeft fonne John have aliened one clofe called Ruydings containinge about 7. acres 
thereof, to John Smyth of Southend ; And the faid meffuage called Bellamies place 
with almoft all the reft of the lands, to you William Archard and your heires, as 
your felfe by deare purchafes and by newe buildings and beautifyinge of the fame, 
this and the laft two yeares, belt knowe by your accompts, which like a wife man I 
prefume you have kept. 

As for the tofte and 71. acres of land in Nybley called Grovers, which Thomas 
lord Berkeley purchafed of Walter Bellamy mentioned in the Inquificon found after 
the faid lords death in 5. H. 5, it is the land of John Wilkens of Nybley which hee 
purchafed of Henry lord Berkeley in fee farme, wherof fee after in fol : 290. 

ffor more of this 23rihiniic£ gincc lee the Court Roll of Wotton 
fforren 44. Eliz. p'. mortC- Joins Birton ; redd 3 d . 

Cijc 



288 ^unbrcb of 23crhricp 

Cf)C aforementioned partition made betweene the coheires of Thomas de Stone, 
remaininge in Berkeley caftle, is in theis words ; vz, 

4tc0t endenture fait a Berkele le Luinday prochein apres la fefte faint michel 
larchangell Ian du regne le roy Edward tiers puis le conqueft vint et vtime, perentre 
Wittm Swonhungre cofyn et vn des heires Thomas de Stone de vn part, et Water 
Hurft et Johanne fa feme cofin et coheire le dit Thomas de Stone d 'altre pte, 
Teftmoine, q les dits Wittm Water et Johanne ount fait la purperty et la feuaunce 
de vn mees vn virge de terre ove les appurtennences in Nibbeleye les qx mees et 
terre remiftrent adevant en comune enter les heires le dit Thomas nynt departe ; 
Ceftaffavoir, q de mees le dit Witim avera et tenera a luy et fes heires a toutz iours, 
la fale et la haute chambre devers le haut chimin ove la moity du gardin deuers 
283 cele part, forfpris treffe | arbres pomers : Et les dits Water et Johanne auerount et 
tendrount a eux et a fes heires a toutz iours dit mees la graunge et la perftrine 
et la mafon apele wainhoufe, et la moitie du gardin devers cele part, et les 
[blank] et treffe arbres, ou la purpartie le dit [Wittm] entres de ycel. Et de 
terre pre et bois accord eft enter eux q le dit Wittm aua le moitie devers le Eift, 
Et les dits Water et Johanne averont le moity devers le weift, felom les metes et 
les bounds de ceo enter eux fait ; Et les dits Water et Johanne releffent a le dit 
Witim et fes heires tout lour droit q ils ont en cele moity ove les appertunants. Et 
le dit Wittm releffe et quite clayme pur luy et pur fes heires a toutz iours as dit 
Water et Johanne et lour heires tout fon droit q il ad en cele moite a eux alote et 
oblige luy et fes heires a garaunter cele moite a eux et lour heires a toutz iours. 
En teftmoiance de quel chofe a cedes indentures les parties avantdits entrechange- 
ablement ount mis lour feales. 

Jobbinsland. fycttC alfo in Nybbeley is one ancient freehold late the inheritance of ffrancis 

Jobbins fonne of Robert, fonne of John Jobbins, and nowe of John Smyth of 
Southend and others, as after followeth ; confiftinge of a meffuage and one yard 
land called Chaufies ats Chalfters in Southend in Nybley, holden of George Lord 
Berkeley as of his manor of Wotton fforren by knight fervice, fute of Court, heriot 
fervice, and the yearly rent of — 6 d . paid as followeth. 

•Thorn,!', lord Berkeley the firft of that name, who dyed in 2S. E. 3. as the 
Inquifici'm after his death in that yeare fheweth, by his deed without date, graunted 
the fame to John de Egeton in theis words, vz, | 

ffrom 



olim Chawfies. 



ffrom the faid John de Egeton it fhortly after came to William de Chaufey, 284 
but whether by difcent or purchafe I have not obferved ; By the death of which 
William in 27. E. 1. his heire then in minority was granted with his wardfhip to 
Richard de Wike, by Thomas lord Berkeley grandchilde of the faid lord Thomas, 
by his deed in theis words ; viz', 

4DmnttlU$ xpi fidelibus ad quos hoc fcriptum pvereit, Thomas de Berkeley Dns 
de Berkeley faltm in Dno. Nouitis me dediffe et conceffiffe Rico de Wike cufto- 
diam terra^ et tento^ quondam Witti de Chaufy de Nubbeley, que vel quas idem 
Wittus de me tenuit in capite die quo obijt, vnacum maritagis heredis five heredum 
dci Witti, H abend et tenend dca cuftodiam et maritagium fibi Rico et affignatis fuis 
vfq, ad legittimam setatem heredis five heredum dci Witti, falva rationabili dote 
Lucia; quondam vxoris dci Witti de diclis terris et tentis fibi de iure contingent ; 
Ita tamen quod heres five heredes dci Witti per ipm Ricm vel affignatos fuos non 
fint difparagati. Ego vero dcus Thomas heredes et affignati mei dca cuftodiam et 
maritagium pfato Rico et affignatis fuis in forma {Mca contra oes mortales warran- 
tizabimus. In cuius rei teftimonium huic pnti fcripto figillum meum appofui. Hijs 
teftibus, Miloh de Redeburne, Johe Champenyes, Roberto de Bradefton, Thoma 
de Beoleye, Thoma de Swonhungre, et alijs- Datu apud Berket die Jovis in fefto 
fci Micfiis, Anno rni regis Edwardi filij regis Henrici vicefimo oclavo. A deed in 
my cuftody borrowed longe fince of the heire of the grantee. 

3Cftcr fome difcents in the firname of Chaufye it came to John de Chaufye, 
vpon whofe death in 36. H. 6. a bullocke prized at 2 s was paid for a mountary, as 
the court roll of the manor of Wotton fforren of that yeare fheweth : when alfo the 
deeds were produced. 

After it was the land of Nicholas Chaufye who dyed in , leavinge 

iffue Elizabeth his daughter and heire maried to , who had iffue 

Margaret maried to Robert Stanfhawe, (then lord of Stanfhawe by Sodbury and of 
Alderley by Wotton vnderedge,) who died in 12. E. 4. havinge in his life time (as 
the Inquificon after his death fheweth,) purchafed the meffuage and land of John 
Chaufye, and had enfeoffed the fame to the vfe of his laft will, (which I have not 
feene,) leavinge Thomas his fonne and heire who was father of John Stanfhawe 
who dyed in 8. H. 8, leavinge iffue Margery his only daughter and heire maryed to 
Walfh, who had iffue Sir John Walfh knight, who in 38. H. 8. fold 
this meffuage and land to John Jobbins who died in , leavinge iffue 

Robert 

2 p VOL. Ill 



*9o ^unorcb of 25crfedcp 

Robert Jobbins who died in , leaving iffue ffrancis Jobbins aforefaid, 

who in Jacobi Rf aliened about 20. acres therof to William Marten, And 

hee about 17. acres therof to Richard Marten his eldeft fonne and his heires, with j 
285 whom the originall Deed made as aforefaid to John de Egeton remaines, and all 
other the aforementioned conveyances ; And of the faid — 6 d . cheife rent, paies — i d 
And alfo aliened more to the faid Wittm Marten about 16. acres, which hee againe 
fold to one Wittm Jobbins and his heires, brother of the halfe bloud to the faid 
ffrancis Jobbins, whofe fonne John Jobbins now holds the fame and paies another 
penny of the cheife rent of vj d . And the faid ffrancis Jobbins fold the faid meffu- 
age and the greater part of the faid yard land to Henry Hatheway and his heires, 
And hee to Tobias Hatheway his youngeft fonne, And hee in a° Caroli to 

John Smyth of Southend and his heires, who dwelleth vpon them fame ; And of 
the faid cheife rent of — 6 d . paieth — 4 d : Howbeit ffrancis Purnell a yonger fonne 
of Robert Purnell deceafed holds one clofe called Younge crofts containinge about 
8. acres, lyinge neere to Schoolmafters grove, which the faid Robert Purnell pur- 
chafed of the faid William Jobbins, but paies noe part of the faid cheefe rent : And 
alfo Wittm Beale the elder of Nibley holds of this land in fee, two acres of arrable 
land in Tetcombe feild, and halfe a quarter of an acre of arrable land in Bournfeild, 
next the kings highway, in the vpper part of his other land there, which hee pur- 
chafed of the faid Wittm Marten, and hee (inter alia) of the faid ffrancis Jobbins, 
but paies noe part of the faid cheife rent. 1639. 

flB^orc of this land may bee read in theis Records, vz, ffinis in banco. 19. R. 2. 
Inter Jofiem Thornbury Cticum de man'io de Alderley, talliato Roberto filio Jofiis 
de Stanfhawe et Margaretae vxori eius, filie Elizabethe, filie Nicholai Chaufey, et 
poftea eid Margaretae vxori pMci Robti. ffeodu eid Johi de Stanfhawe : which I 
heere note for the pedegree. 

ffinis in banco. 11. H. 4. Inter Robtum Stanfhawe, de tefitis in Bradley, 
Wotton, et Wortley, feod" eid Roberto. Inq : 12. E. 4. p' mortem Robti Stanfhawe 
ar ; Wherin (inter alia) is found That hee dyed feized of one meffuage and one yard 
land, 10. acres of meadowe, and 5. acres of pafture, in Northnybbeley, purchafed of 
John Chawfey. 

Rot. claus. 18. E. 4. membr. 17. in dorfo. in arce Londini, for the pedegree; 
Thomas Stanfhawe fonne and heire of Robert Stanfhaw fen, lord of Alderley and 
other manors. 

Inqu : 



$iblcp 29* 

Inqu : 8. H. 8. p! mortem Johis Stanfhawe. 

Court roll of Wotton fforren. 36. H. 6. John Chaufey dyed feized of a meffuage 
and one yard land in Nybbley, Rent — 6 d Mountuary paid : And Robert Stanfhawe 
is next heire by purchafe ; At this Court the deeds of the lands were fhewed. | 

i&iiliam SJ^aCtCtl by deed dated 3. ffebr. 15. Jacobi, aliened to Wiltm Jobbins 286 
and his heires of this Chaufies land, a clofe called Middle leies cont 4. acres, and a 
clofe called Youngcrofts perrocke cont 1. acre : which John Jobbins fonne of the 
faid William hath aliened in fee to Thomas Dawe of Wotten, who no we holdeth 
the fame. 1639. 

And alfo by the faid deed hee aliened more to the faid William Jobbins in fee, 
one clofe called Wickley cont 5. acres, which the faid John Jobbins fonne of the 
faid William hath this yeare aliened to Thomas May and his heires. Rendringe — 
i^ for all, parcell of the faid — 6 d . 

And the faid John Jobbins fonne of the faid Wittm holdeth about one quarter 
of an acre, taken by him out of the faid clofe called Wickley and inclofed into the 
garden and orchard of the faid John, for the inlarginge therof. Soe this land called 
Chaufies is nowe a° 1639. 15. Rf Caroli, the feu'all inheritances of John Smyth of 
Southend 4^ Richard Marten, j d , Thomas May, Thomas Dawe, and John Jobbins, 
who pay the faid — 6 d . cheife rent as aforefaid : And alfo of ffrancis Purnell and of 
Witim Beale, who have other parts of this land as aforefaid. A". 1639. 

%\\ cPpbltti alfo is an ancient meffuage with one yard land of late therto Draifies land, 
belonginge, containinge about 76. acres, called SDratSiCtf ats ETmpsitJCS lands ; The late Cunnings 
capitall meffuage wherof is nowe the faire mantion feate of Chriftopher Purnell 
younger fonne of Thomas Purnell of Wike, who in 8 V .° Jacobi purchafed the fame 
with part of the faid land therto belonging of Witim Tracy Efq,,, And hee in 4" 
Jacobi of Thomas Duninge, fonne of Richard, fonne of Thomas, fonne of James 
Duhinge and of Alice his wife daughter and coheire of John Draifie, fonne of 
Witim Draifye, brother and heire of Walter Dreyfey, fonnes of John Dreyfey, 
fonne of Thomas Dreyfey and of Matilda ats Maud his wife ; and before of 
Richard Drayfide ; And in I.E. 3. of Nicholas Draifide, And before of Reginald 
Drayfide, and of former Anceftors of that firname ; from whofe longe feifin theis 
lands are vfually called Draifies lands to this day, wherof my felfe and you my fonne 

have 
2 p 2 



292 $junbre& of 25rrftricp 

have about 40. acres : And as an old deed fheweth, with M' Wittm Baffet (which I 
287 have feene,) was the land of | Otho fonne of William, lord of the manor of Wood- 
mancote, who enfeoffed therof William the fonne of Edwyn ; and was fomtime 
the land of Robert, the fonne of Brightwin, who lived neere, if not at or before, 
the Norman Conqueft ; And was holden of the manor of Woodmancote by knight 
fervice, fute of Court, and the yearly rent of — 20' ; nowe the land of 5. or 6. men, 
All of vs havinge bought out all our fervices of late yeares, fave fealty only : wher- 
of read more in Woodmancote fol : 389. And out of theis Records, vz, 

Triii Records in Banco, 2 : H. 4. Rot. 314, And Michas Record 3. H. 4. in 
banco Rot. 125, for a fine levied in 35. E. 3 betweene Roger Chaufey of Nybley 
pit, And Thomas Drayfide and Jone his wife, def'? : of 2 meffuages and 23 acres 
of land, then parcell of theis. 

Rot. Rediffeifin in arce Londini in a° 4. H. 4. which fhewes, That Thomas 
Drayfide recovered feifin of a meffuage and 12. acres of land in Nybbeley againft 
Richard Elliat of Nybbeley, who againe diffeifed Drayfide. 

A Comon Recovery of this meffuage and land is in banco coi in Eafter terme, 
16. H. 7. Rot. 299, againft John Drayfey the elder. 

The Inquificon in 6. H. 6. after the death of Sir John Berkeley of Beverfton 
knight findeth, That hee dyed feized of the manor of Woodmancote, with the 
hamblet of Nybbeley to the faid manor appertaininge, And that Maurice was his 
fonne and heire : And in truth hee had in Nybbeley in demefne and fervice neere 
a fixt part of Nybbeley, nowe wholly fold away, as in Woodmancote appeareth, 
fol : 389. 

Chantry of <Jn tljijtf jOpblfp was a Chantry called Schaies chantry, ats our Ladies Chantry, 

Nvblcv 

wherof a Record in the Exchequer Court in Eafter Terme, A 4'? Eliz : Reginae, 

Rot. 19. fetteth downe the perticuler lands therto belonginge, And in whofe tenure 

the fame then were, with the poffeffion of kinge E. 6. for two yeares ; And a Leafe 

therof made to Wittm Shellitoe, by that Court. And that 16 acres of that land was 

heertofore given to that Chantry by one Thomas Munday ; And the other 62 acres 

by one Schay, All of them then in the tenure of George Dunninge. 

This land after grewe very contentious, with much tumblinge thereof, through 
diverfity of verdicts, one againft another on either fide ; At laft by purchafe from 

all 



$i6Iep 293 

all titles and competitors it came to Wittm Tracy Efq^ and others in fee, And 
from them, to my felfe and others : About which land at laft a Recovery was had 
in a writt of right, after iffue ioyned. As before is faid, fol : 274. | 

The Chantry houfe wherin the Chantry preift lived, is next to the vicaridge 288 
houfe, both of them adioyninge to the Churchyard : And was by Lres patents 
dated 2? Decembf. a? 2° E. 6. granted by that kinge, to Anthony Burcher and his 
heires, (inter alia,) And by divers meane conveyances is nowe the inheritance of 
my felfe, a° 1639. 

tytCte alfo in Nybbeley are certaine lands and tenements comonly called Vincents lands. 
Vincents lands, the inheritance of 1 2. feverall men, as after followeth, holden of 
George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Wotton fforren, by fute to his hundred 
court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — 10' paid 
by ffrancis Baker, brother and heire of John Baker lately dead ; But whether in 
Socage or by knight fervice, iudge you, out of the Evidences followinge. 

^(ll the time of kinge Henry the Third theis were the lands of Burwe or 
Burgo, After of Walter Burwe ; Betweene whofe coheires, vz, Katherine Woht 
and Richard Cliveden, partition was made by Deed in 48. E. 3. ; And after they 
were the lands of Richard Wooth her fonne, And after of Robert Wooth, And 
after of Vincent their cozen and heire, whofe feifm gave and ftill preferves the name 
of tfinccnttf lands, continuinge in that name of UiitCOlt from the time of kinge H. 6. 
vnto the 30. H. 8. as appeareth by the Deeds and other Evidences, wherof part 
doe remaine with the faid ffrancis Baker, and fome with my felfe, wherin the names 
of the owners of theis lands are fpelled and written as before I have written them. 

In which 30. H. 8. Witim Vincent fold theis lands to Sir Nicholas Pointz the 
elder, knight ; And after in the fame yeare, the faid Sir Nicholas fold to John 
Baker and his heires the meffuage in Snitend in Nybley, (which is inrolled with the 
Clerke of the peace,) with the lands therto belonginge ; Which John Baker had 
alfo a fyne from the faid Wirlm Vincent in Michas terme a 4. et 5. Ph : & Mar., 
who was fonne of Edward and of Emott his wife ; which fyne is of — 104. acres of 
land in Northnybley, Stone, and Berkeley, which I conceive was of all the lands 
that at any time were the faid Vincents, wherof John Baker had but a fmall part, 
wherof hee dyed feized in 18. Eliz. leaving the fame to James Baker his fonne and 
heire, who dyed in 37. Eliz, leavinge iffue Robert and Thomas ; Robert dyed with- 
out 



*94 J^unOrcD of 25crhricy 

out iffue in , And Thomas was his brother and heire who dyed in 

Jacobi, leavinge iffue John Baker and ffrancis Baker ; which John dyed 
in September laft, 1639. without iffue, And the faid ffrancis inheriteth his faid houfe 
and lands as his brother and heire ; Howbeit Elizabeth widowe of the faid John 
holdeth the faid houfe and the lands therto belonginge in Jointure by the conveyance 
of the faid John and Thomas his father, who in this month of June 1639. remaryed 
289 to Edward Hopkins of Wortley in the parifh of Wotton : And by the tenant | of 
this meffuage and land is paid the faid — 10 s cheefe rent. 

By Deed alfo inrolled with the Clerke of the peace the faid Sir Nicholas 
Pointz in the fame 30. H. 8. fold to Thomas Rogers and his heires nyne acres and 
an halfe of this land, which hee the fame yeare had purchafed of the faid Wittm 
Vincent ; The faid Thomas Rogers and his heires payinge yearly to him and his 
heires one red rofe at Midfomer for all fervices ; which (however the refervacon 
bee,) is paid to the faid Lord Berkeley at this day, and other fervices done. 

The faid cheife rent and fervices were anciently paid and done to the Manor 
of Cowley, vntill Henry lord Berkeley grandfather of the faid lord George, for the 
eafe of his Reeves of that manor of Cowley and of the ffreeholders of theis Vincents 
lands, (then growne to bee many,) did in 8° R( J Jacobi at their requefl appoint them 
and two copiholders more David and Richard Rogers to pay thofe rents and doe 
their fervices at Wotton fforren, wherin the lands doe lye and themfelves dwell, 
and not at Cowley, 3. miles of. See fol : 292. 

3lll Berkeley Caftle is an accompt of the manor of Wotton fforren in 16. H. 6, 
which fhewes That Wittm the fonne and heire of Richard Othe ats Ethe was in 
ward to Richard Beauchampe Earle of Warwicke for his lands in Nibley, let for 
20* io d p ann ; At which time the faid Earl held the faid Manors of Wotton and 
Cowley by an award made betweene him and James lord Berkeley, for his life. 

•TlKis lands called Vincents are the feverall inheritances of my felfe and of you 
my fonne John, John Purnell of Wike fonne and heire of Thomas, Editha Marten 
of Brifloll daughter of Richard, John Cole of Bufh flreete, late Thomas Rogers who 
died 22 Jacobi, fonne of Richard Rogers who died 32. Eliz, fonne of Richard 
who died in , fonne of that Thomas Rogers who as aforefaid purchafed 

his part of theis lands of Sir Nicholas Pointz in 30. H. 8. Richard Browninge 
of Durfley, ffrancis Baker aforefaid, Wittm Rudiford fonne of Thomas, John Cole of 

Bufh 



Bufh flrecte aforefaid, for the houfe and backfide wherin the faid Thomas Rogers 
lived ; Samuell Trotman of Stancombe, Wittm Curnocke, Wittm Marten of Nibley, 
Wittm Reece of the Rodegreene neere Holts, and John Rogers fonne of John 
Rogers a younger brother of the faid Thomas. 

More of this hamlet of Snitend, (wherin this land of Bakers is,) is to bee read 
in Stinchcombe. in fol : 351. | 

$)CCrc alfo in Nibley and in Sinwell is a meffuage at the place called Wood-all- 290 

ends well, with halfe a yard land anciently therto belonging, and a meadowe called ^ llkins land In 
_ . / , . xt , mi « , ,1. Nybley & SinweH. 

Grovers mead contaimnge about 6. acres in Northmbley, And alfo one Toft and 

clofe of pafture and one farundell of land in Sinwell, and two acres and an halfe of 

arrable land in the feild in Nibley called Slades ; which Henry lord Berkeley by 

his deed dated 10. Augufti a" nono Regis Jacobi granted to John Wilkens and his 

heires, refervinge the old rents of — 3 1 '.' 12"! payable quarterly, And — 3'!- 6* S d . for an 

heriot after the deceafe of every tenant of the fame or of any part therof, And fuch 

fute to the Halimot Courts as the cuftomary tenants there doe performe, and — 4"! 

in money for every default. Howbeit the tenure is of the kinge by knight fervice in 

capite, beinge part of the faid Lords manor ofWotton fforren, foe holden before the 

faid grant : which John Wilkins ftill holdeth the fame, 1639. See fol : 282. 

And I fuppofe this to bee that land or the greateft part therof w c . h Robert lord 
Berkeley in the time of kinge John for 10. markes granted to Adam de Grava and 
his heires by the name of Totam illam virgatam terrae in villa de Nibbeleia verfus 
Swunhaiam, Rendringe one pound of Cumin at Michas., Salvo regali fervicio. And 
which Richard-atte-grove fonne and heire of Nicholas-atte-grove, great grandchilde 
of the faid Adam, in 19. E. 2, aliened to Walter Bellamy and his heires ; and in 
3. E. 3. levyed therof a fyne for his further affurance: Which Walter Belamy had 
alfo divers other lands in Nubbeley Wotton and Alkington, containinge 30. acres, 
fomtime the land of the faid Richard le grover, which hee in 13. E. 3. fold to Thomas 
lord Berkeley and his heires ; And which the faid Lord forthwith after his purchafe 
demifed to the faid Walter Belamy and to Gonneld his wife and to John their fonne, 
for their lives, at the yearly rent of — 20! 

$)Ctrc alfo in Southend in Nibley, is a meffuage and 40. acres of land therto Martens land 
belonginge : And alfo one Toft and halfe a yard land containinge 30. acres in ,nNlbe y- 
Swyney in Nibley aforefaid, And alfo three acres and an halfe of arrable land 

in 



296 ^unorco of 2&erferiep 

in Nibley aforefaid ; All which Henry lord Berkeley by his Deed dated 13? 
Novembr. A 8. Rf Jacobi granted to Wftm Marten and his heires, refervinge the 
old yearly rent of — 33? 8 d payable quarterly, And fute to the halimot court of 
Wotton fforren as other cuftomary tenants doe performe, or 4 d . for every default. 
Howbeit the tenure is of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, beinge part of the 
faid lords manor of Wotton fforren, foe holden before the faid grant, And which 
the faid William Marten then held by Copy of Court Roll accordinge to the 
cuftome of the faid Manor : Which Wittm Marten hath aliened thefe parcells 
therof, vz, 

William Curnocke holds one clofe called Pilwell containinge 8. acres, and 
paieth of the faid — 33 s 81 rent — 4 d | 

291 John Carpenter in right of Margaret his wife daughter of Henry Hayward, 

holds one clofe of pafture called Wickley cont. about 10. acres, And paieth of the 
faid — 33 s 8"! rent 4 d ; which the faid Henry purchafed of the faid — 

Gyles Clarke holdeth 7. acres of arrable land in Bournfeild vnder the Cock- 
fhoot, and an heyftall there containinge about 2. acres, and of the faid — 33 s 8 d rent 
paieth 2 d which hee purchafed of John Jones, And hee of the faid Wttm Marten. 

Richard Marten fonne of the faid William, which his father conveyed to him 
vpon his manage, vpon good confideracbn, holdeth 



And I my felfe doe hold 



Trotmans land, 

and mine, in 

Fee-farme. 



3ElgO ^tltrp lorb SSctftflcp by his deed dated 13° Novembr. a° 8° Rf Jacobi, 
granted to Thomas Trotman of Nybley and his heires, Three meffuages with 101. 
acres of land to them feverally belonginge, in Nybley, refervinge the yearly rent 
of — 3 1 ! 3* 4 d payable quarterly, and fute of Court as other cuftomary tenants doe 
performe, or 4 d . in money for every default ; And 40' the peece in name of Heriotts 
for every of the faid three meffuages, after the deceafe of every one dyinge tenant 
to the premiffes or any part therof; One only of which Meffuages in fforthey in 

Nibley 



#iblcp 297 

Nibley with 42. acres of land therto belonginge, fomtime in the tenure of Robert 
Richards, remaineth at this day to the faid Thomas Trotman and John his eldeft 
fonne, vnder the yearly rent of — 33? 4? And the refidue is by feverall grants from 
him the inheritance of my felfe, and others, as followeth, who pay the refidue of the 
faid rent, beinge — 30 s A° 1639. That meffuage in fforthey wherein the faid Thomas 
Trotman nowe dwelleth beinge holden by knight fervice in capite, and was before 
held by copy of court roll accordinge to the cuftome of* the faid Lords manor of 
Wotton fforren. 

ffor the refidue of the faid meffuages and lands my felfe at that time of purchafe 
contracted with the faid Lord and his Comiffioirs, and put the fame into the con- 
veyances made to Thomas Trotman, ffor then, and for neere 2. yeares after, the 
inheritance was in Wittm Dutton of Shirborne Efq^ and my felfe, wherby beinge a 
grantor with the faid Lord and M? Dutton, (as wee were in more then 100. fee- 
farme leafes to tenants and abfolute fales,) I could not, (till M* Dutton and my felfe 
had difcharged the truft,) take the fame in mine owne name, and till after our re- 
grant to the faid lord and his heires by ffyne ; ffor this manor of Wotton and divers 
others were alfo fecurities to him and my felfe for above — 6ooo'l- which wee vpon 
our owne fecurities borrowed for the faid lord to pay to Robert Lord Lifle Earle of 
Leicf, vpon the | compoficon at that time in 7? Jacobi, made with him. 292 

One of which meffuages which I contracted for lyeth in Snytend and was then 
in the tenure of Richard Nelme, and is holden in Socage, and was fomtime the land 
of Peter fonne of Thomas de Stintefcombe, of whom the anceftor of the faid lord 
Henry purchafed the fame, for which I pay the old yearly rent of 18 s 

The other two meffuages (nowe but one, in the tenure of Wittm Payne the 
younger,) lye togeather at the great greene called Nibleis greene, and were fomtime 
in the feverall tenures of David Rogers and Richard Rogers vnder the feverall 
rents of — 12? and 10* which I ftill pay : And were by them held by copy of Court 
roll accordinge to the cuftome of the manor of Cowley, yet holden in Socage alfo, 
and were in the time of kinge E. 3. purchafed by Thomas lord Berkeley of the 
Prior of Lanthony with other lands in Cowley called Can-court, or Cannons-court, 
nowe there held by copies alfo by John Browninge and Richard Partridge, as the 
Deeds with my felfe doe fhewe : And theis rents were by Henry lord Berkeley 
turned over to bee thenceforth paid to his manor of Wotton fforren, As I before 
have written in Vincents lands, fol : 289. 

Ralph 

1 Q VOL. Ill 



298 J^unorcD of 2£>crhricp 

Ralph Willet of Wotton an Atturney at lawe, holdeth certaine inclofed grounds 
wheron an houfe is of late built called Binley, cont 7. acres, which hee purchafed of 
John Trotman eldeft fonne of the faid Thomas Trotman, to whom, vpon his mariage 
with the fifter of the faid Ralph Willet, hee conveyed the fame, and were pcell of 
his meffuage at fforthay aforefaid, but paieth noe part of his rent. 

You alfo my fonne John hold 3 fmall clofes in Swyney, nowe in the tenure of 
Thomas Hughes, which I purchafed of the faid Thos: Trotman and John his fonne 
and gave to you, cont 4. acres ; And more, which I purchafed of them, viz, two 
clofes called Broadmead and Cherry mead cont 3. acres, in Swyney aforefaid, nowe 
in the tenure of ffrancis Purnell, but pay noe part of his rent of — 33* 4"? 

Patricke Dunninge, mafon, holds one acre and an halfe at Bournftream, wheron 
hee hath lately built an houfe, which hee purchafed of the faid Thomas Trotman, 
and of his faid ffee-farme rent payeth — 2 d . to the faid Thomas Trotman. 

John Smyth of Southend Clothier holdeth 3. acres of arr and pafture ground 
in Rodleis Deane, neere the houfe of Wittm Archard, which hee purchafed of Tobias 
Hathaway younger fonne of Henry Hathaway, who purchafed the fame of the faid 
Thomas Trotman, And of his faid ffee-farme rent paieth — S d 

And the faid Patricke Dunninge holds alfo the quarre by Bournftreame neere 
his faid houfe, which hee purchafed of the faid Thomas Trotman, And hee of the 
lord Berkeley by his deed aforefaid ; And was part of the copihold land of George 
May of Southend, and paies to the lord Berkeley per ann — 4^ holden in capite. 

Anthony Hungerford Efqj, holdeth | 



293 ff° r other purchafers of ffee-farme lands, fee in Wotton, fol : [409] and after. 

Mundaies lands. XltfOC in Nibley is an ancient meffuage, with divers lands and a fullinge mill and 

Moorcs mill. g r jfl. m jjj unc j er one roo f e) of old therto belonginge, cofnonly called ^Ullbnicg land ; 

which meffuage is fcituate at the bottom of the great greene called Nibleis greene, 

which I conceive to bee holden of the manor of Woodmancote by fealty only. Theis 

in the time of kinge H. 5. were the lands of John Munday, who had iffue Thomas 

Munday 



$iblcp 299 

Munday, who had iffue WiHm Munday and Walter Munday, which WiHm left iffue 
Thomas, who had 4. daughters his coheires, vz, Jone maryed to John Rugge, Alice 
ats Agnes firft maried to Humphry Hadley, and after his death remaried to David 
Bendall, Eliz: and Jane, who dyed without iffue, though maryed alfo; Of the two firft 
iffue remaineth at this day, As may bee feene in a fute profecuted by Englifli bill in 
the Chancery in 42° Eliz : by Thomas Rugge fonne of the faid Jone, and John Rugge, 
againft Nicholas Munday fonne of Thomas Munday, fonne of the forefaid Walter 
brother of Wittm, who claymed as"heires males of the body of Thomas fonne of the 
firft John Munday, which eftate tayle hee created by a Deed, (nowe with mee,) and 
prevailed therby in that fuite: Which Nicholas dyed the yeare after that fuite ended 
in 43 Eliz : then very old : leavinge iffue WiHm Munday who dyed in 16° Jacobi, 
leavinge iffue 3. fonnes, viz, Nicholas who died without iffue in 2° Rf Caroli, after 
hee had aliened fome part of this land ; And Wittm Munday yet livinge, who hath 
alfo aliened part, and ftill holds fome part, And Thomas Munday, to whom his 
brother Nicholas devifed the faid meffuage and greateft part of theis lands in fee, 
Of whom in 3° Rf Caroli I purchafed them. 

As for the faid Grift and fullinge mills, fomtimes in ancient deeds called 
Mundaies mills, the forefaid Rugge and Hadley and their faid wives aliened them 
to John Moore in fee, (from whom they retaine the name of Moores Mills, at this 
day moft coiiionly vfed,) who in temp : Mariee Reginse aliened them to Hampden : 
And hee about 3. Eliz: to Hilpe, And hee in 9° Jacobi Rf, to Jones; whofe 
daughter and heire | called Jone is nowe wife of Richard Triftram of Briftoll, who 294 
offer them to fale at this day, 1639. 

KliiO in Southend in Nibley is an ancient meffuage with divers lands therto Pumells land 
belonginge, nowe the inheritance of Chriftopher Purnell aforefaid, yonger fonne of J"te Curnockes 
Thomas Purnell, to whom and his heires his faid father devifed the fame by his 
will, and which hee had purchafed of WiHm Curnockeof Southend, fonne of Thomas 
Curnocke, who purchafed the fame of H anbury, one of the Auditors to Queene 
Eliz : And hee of the faid Queene ; holden in conion Socage, and was parcell of 
the poffeffions of the monaftery or Abby of Kingfwood, and came to the Crowne 
in 29. H. 8. by the diffolucon of that Monaftery ; An houfe lately by cafuall fire 
burned to the ground, yet vnbuilt. 



% tjafcc 0CC11C a faire Deed in 4. E. 4. wherby the yearly rent of — 8? was given Nybley church. 
ad inveniendam vnam lampadem ardentem coram imagine beatae Marise virginis in antea ' 26 ' 

Ecclefia 
2 q 2 



300 



Nybley an 

hamblett to 

Woodmancote. 



295) 

2 9 6 Ulank 
297 ( 
298) 

299 



©imDrcb of 25crhclcp 

Ecclefia Sci Martini de Nybley : Soe that it feemes the Church was dedicated to 
S! Martin (the bifhop,) whofe feftivall was the n 1 ? of November, (the fixt returne 
day of Micfias Terme,) and hee the tutelary Saint therof; wherof fee before fol: 261. 
Howbeit the fouth I fie of this church was of newe added fince that deed to the reft 
of the old church ; As in the office of the Regifter to the Bifhop of Worcefter at 
Worcefter, (as I am informed) appeareth. 

J£>OC great a part of this Townfhip of Nibley was belonginge in demefne and 
fervice to the manor of Woodmancote, As that by Inquificbn in 6. H. 6. after the 
death of Sir John Berkeley, the Jury found that Nibley is an hamblett belonginge 
to the manor of Woodmancote. Wherof fee in Woodmancote, fol : 389. 



nhnesfetlb. 

,3j)inic;sfcilb : In Domefday booke written |pinibcsfcflc, wherin William the 
Conqueror had, as that booke faith, three hides of land in demefne, nowe the in- 
heritance of George Bridgeman, fonne and heire of Sir John Bridgeman knight late 
cheife Juftice of Chefter, who dyed this laft yeare, a° 1638. Holden by knight fervice 
in Capite. 

As I have formerly written of the difcent of the Lo? or manor of Hill, fol: 225. 
In like manner is to bee written of this of Nimesfeild ; which beinge granted by 
kinge H. 2. (amongft many others) to Robert the fonne of Hardinge and his heires, 
was fhortly after, within the firft 17. yeares of that kings raigne, conveyed by him 
to Nicholas his fecond fonne and his heires, As by the deed mentioned in the 
defcription of Hill appeares : Both which Manors kept togeather in the poffeffion 
of the faid Nicholas and his iffue male, without feverance, vntill the death of Sir 
Thomas fifj-Nichoi knight in 5. H. 5. and then this of Nimesfeild difcended in 
coparcinery to {Catherine and Alice 1 his two daughters and heires ; Katherine was 
maried to Robert Pointz, and Alice was maried to John Brovvninge, whofe pofteri- 
ties and names continue at Aclon and Cowley at this day, 1639, as in Hill hath 
byn declared, though neither of their families hath any of theis manors. 

John Browninge and Alienor his wife died in the life time of the faid Sir 
Thomas fit3 Nichot her father, lcavinge iffue two fonnes, vz, John Browninge then 

20. yeares 
1 Called Alienor in the defcription of Hill, and below. 






$imc;efcil& 301 

20. yeares old, who after dyed without iffue, and Wittm Browninge : which William 
in 10. H. 6. (before partition was made for ought I finde,) aliened his moity of this 
manor of Nimesfeikle to Thomas Pointz and Jone his wife in tayle, with the re- 
mainder in fee to Robert Pointz his father ; To which Thomas and Jone the fame 
Robert and Katherine his wife had the fame yeare in like manner conveyed their 
other moity of this manor: And foe this LoP of Nimesfeild again became vnited. 
Nimesfeild thus in one, the faid Thomas and Jone had iffue — 



And the faid Sir Edmond Tame dyinge without iffue in , this manor 

of Nimesfeild defcended to his 3. fifters and heires ; vz, Margaret maried to Sir 
Humphrey Stafford knight, who in pertition had land in Tetbury and other places : 
Alice, maried to Verney, to whom this manor of Nimesfeild with others was 

allotted; and Anne, maried to Watkins of Herefordfhire. And for the per- 

ticularities of the ptitions amongft theis 3. coheires and their hufbands, fee a Deed 
inrolled in the Coiiion pleas in Mictias Terme A° 2. E. 6. and another in the fame 
Court in Micfias terme, annis, 13 et 14° Eliz. Reginae. | 

Which faid Verney and Alice his wife had iffue — , father 300 

of Sir Richard Verney knight, who in Jacobi Rf , fold this mano' to the faid 

Sir John Bridgeman, who by his death as aforefaid left it to his faid fonne George, 
as aforefaid. 

3Q 3$tU10Ur neither great nor good, but worfe and leffe, without the old and 
rich Chantry of Kinley wherwith it is nowe beautified : Vnhappy it feemed to bee 
in the controverfies that arofe betweene Sir Thomas Throkmerton of Tortworth 
knight and Sir Henry Winfton of Standifh knight, and their abbettors ; The caufe 
wherof An Inquificon in 28. Eliz : taken after the death of Wittm Smyth flia.ll let 
you in to knowe ; who is therby found to dye feized of the Manor of Kinley (for 
foe is the Chantry often written) with the appurtenances in Kinley, Nimesfeild, 
ffairford, and Hampton, holden of Henry lord Berkeley, as of his Caflle of Berkeley 
hemes, in free focage by fealty only, for all fervices ; And of two acres in Nimef- 
feild called the Greenes, holden by knight fervice in Capite : And that the faid 
Wittm Smyth died 9. yeares before, in 19 Eliz; And that William was his fonne 
and heire, 10. yeares old at his fathers death. 

This 



302 ^unbreb of SScrhricp 

This land the faid Wittm Smyth in 31 Eliz : fold to one Wheler, and hee to 
Hanbury a goldfmith in London, and hee to S* Henry Winfton aforefaid : And for 
a leafe that the faid William Smyth in the fame 31. Eliz : but three daies before 
hee fealed his conveyance to Wheler, for 1000. yeares at the rent of a pepper corne, 
to one Bretland, who in 39. Eliz : affigned the fame over to Richard Meffenger, 
(trufted for Sir Thomas Throkmerton,) have all thofe fatall bills and futes both in 
the Starchamber and other courts fprange vp, like Hidraes heads, betweene thofe 
two knights and their partakers, wherof one was heard in the Starchamber in 
Mictias terme 43. et 44. Eliz : what time my felfe was prefent, then intendinge this 
defcription. 

Of which Wittm Browninge who aliened to Thomas Pointz as aforefaid, it may 
be faid perijffet nifi periiffet, for by a waftfull youth hee became thrifty in elder 
yeares, ffarmer and tenant to the Abbot of S! Peters in Glouc for his impropriate 
perfonage or Reclory of Cowley, a parifli next adioyninge to this of Nimesfeild, 
where hee dyed in the yeare of kinge , leavinge iffue John Browninge, 

noe leffe watchfull over his eftate then his fathers elder yeares, as the pardon of 
kinge E. 4. in the 16^ yeare of his raigne may witnes; who dyed in .leavinge 

iffue John and Wittm : John was a preift and dyed without iffue, and Wittm had 
iffue John and died in ; The faid John fonne of Wittm died in 5. Mar, 

leavinge iffue Richard who dyed in 37° Eliz:, leavinge iffue John Browninge who 
dyed in 14'? Caroli regis, and left iffue John, Mary, and Vrfula, that nowe are, 1639. 
By which Mary the author of this defcription hath iffue five fonnes and 4. daughters 
nowe livinge, And the 4. eldeft of them 13. more ; Of whom you my eldeft fonne 
by Anne the eldeft daughter of Sir Edward Bromfeild knight have fix for your part, 
& likely to have more ; Thus hath the Almighty multiplied mee, farre beyond hope, 
for which bleffed bee his holy name evermore. 3Cno the faid Rectory of Cowley 
hath ever fince continued in the pofterity of the faid firft named Wittm Browninge, 
and ftill doth ; Each of them in their feverall difcents havinge added to the former 
poffeffions of his anceftor, And this John that nowe lives, the beft hufband of them 
all. I 

3 01 % common ^IVIXC in this village addes fame therto, by the conftant cuftomary 

baytes of the Ryppiers and their horfes, each thurfday in the yeare, at fower of the 
clocke in the afternoone, for one houre only ; bringinge South fea fifh in their 
paffage to the Cities of Glouc and Worcefter, what time many neighbors are 
furnifhed. 



$inic£fcift> 303 

Sir George Huntley late of ffrocefter knight about 20. yeares part, found The Parke, 
meanes by purchafes exchanges and otherwife, to enclofe a very great proportion 
of ground with a ftone wall, and therof made a Parke, wherin at his death within 
3. or 4. yeares after, (occafioned by a fall from his horfe, wherof hee fodainely dyed, 
as hee was in openinge of a gate,) hee leaft deere, Conyes, hoggs, fheepe, horfes, 
rudder beafts, fifh, wood, water, ftones, and quid non ! wherof 300. acres or more 
were taken out of this manor of Nimesfeild; And the inhabitants out of a rurall 
reluclacon againft fuch enclofures, afcribe to the iniuftice of that a6t not only his 
fuddaine death forthwith after at the place, But the fale of that and all the reft of 
his land made by his fonne Wittm Huntley in a fhort time after, to Sir Robert 
Ducy an Alderman of London, whofe fonne Sir Richard Ducy now dwelleth there- 
vpon, 1639. 

2&p an Inqu : in 17. E. 2. in the Tower of London, John Gifford of Nimsfeild 
is found to dye feized of a meffuage and 60. acres of land in Nimsfeild, holden of 
the Kinge in Capite by two pound of pepper: And alfo of 12 acres of land in 
Nimsfeild holden of John de Oulpen by 2 A . rent; And that John is his fonne and 
heire, 21. yeares old. And by Rot. finiu : 17. E. 2. membr. 7. the faid John did 
fealty to the kinge for the meffuage and 60. acres holden as aforefaid. 

2$p Rot. claus : 8. E. 1. membr. 8, In a longe proces about the Chaple of Kinley. 
Kinley in Nimesfeild, the inheritance of Nicholas fit3 Raph, then within age, and 
the kings ward, the bifhop is forbidden to vifite it. 

25ji Inqu : in 6. E. 6. in the Chaple of the Rolls, Wittm Stumpe Efq, is found 
to dye feized of the manor of Kinley with the appurteiints, in Kinley, Nimpsfeild, 
ffairford, and Hampton, holden of the manor of Berkeley hemes by fealty only for 
all fervices, And that Sir James Stumpe knight was his fonne and heire, 33. yeares 
old: But that this manor of Kinley was fetled vpon Wiftm Stumpe his yonger fonne 
by a fecond wife, then but 3 yeares old. 

25p a deed dated on Eafter day, a° 32. E. 1. It was agreed betweene Thomas 
de Swonhunger of the one part, and dominum Walterum capellanum cuftodem de 
Kinley, et focios fuos ibidem deo et beatse Marise fervientes, of the other part, 
That they fhould hold all the arrable land of the faid Thomas without the enclofure 
in Nemedesfelde, Yweley, et Olepen, for 9. yeares, &c. | 

€fje 



302 

Fifteene. 



304 J^unbrcb of 23crhclcp 

£f)C payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver, when it is granted by parliament, 
goeth with the village of Hill, vnder the fofiie of 8 1 ! 7? 2? q^. in the onus or charge 
in the Exchequer ; The deduction there, is— 36' 8 d . for decaies : The Remanet paid 
by the Collector into the Receipt is — 6 1 !- 10" 6? q^; whereof this parifh of Nimesfeild 
paies — 39? 8 d . 

Subfedy. <J'n the laft Subfedy in a? 5'. Rf Caroli were 5. fubfedy men within this parifh, 

who paid — 28* Befides Sir John Bridgeman then lord therof, beinge at that time 
Cheife Juftice of Chefter, rated by himfelfe. 

Able men. <£)f able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, in 6'.° Jacobi Rf 

at a generall mufter that appeared before Henry lord Berkeley then Lieutenant of 
the county, were — 26. 

Souldiers. 3£hq nowe, 1 639, of trayned Souldiers vnder Edward Stephens Efq, their 

captaine, are 

Rates. 3Cno if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley (accompted a 4'. h part of the county) bee 

in any taxe for kinge or coiiionwealth rated at — ioo 1 !, Then this hundred of Berke- 
ley paies therof — 33'! 3* And this parifh of Nimesfeild — 15? And foe after that 
proportion bee the taxe more or leffe. 

3if what is already written fuffice not, read more of this townfhip and Manor 
of |i5tnif£fcilD out of theis Records ; vz, 

Inq : t>3- E: i. pro Adam le Walfh, et Nicfio fit Radulphi. 

Inq : 6. E. 2: p' morte pdci Nichi filij Rad'i. 

Inq : 15. E. 3. Ad quod damnum, pro Jofie fit5 Nichot. 

Inq : 29. E. 3. pro Johe fit3 Nichot et Eva vxore fua. 

Michas Records. 20. H. 6. Rot. 41. in Socio, cm Rem Thefaur : 

Inq : 9. H. 5. p' morte Thome fit3 Nichot mittis. 

ffinis in banco, 3. R. 2. by Thomas fitj Nichot aforefaid, de Manijs de 

Nimesfelde et ffilton. 
Trin Record in Sccio. 17. E. 4. Rot. 4. cm Remeiii Thefaur. 

The Deed triptite in the coiiion pleas inrolled in Michas terme 2. E. 6, 
betweene Humphrey Stafford and other the coheires of Edmond Tame, for a 
partition amongft them, is already mentioned, with another that followed in Michas 
Terme, 13° et 14° Eliz. | 

<£)nhricp 



<£>nfcclcp Iparfte 305 

(Daketey Parke. 3 o 3 

<Daftrfcp garlic: wherof fee before in Alkington, fol : 30. et 64. In the time 
of kinge H. 3. written Acle. 

Vpon this parke or parcell of pafture ground called at this day Oakely or 
Oakeley parke, but anciently Ocley and Hockley, doe hange, (as alfo vpon Hack- 
mill in Wotton and fome other lands,) In-fupers with the kings Auditors and 
Receivors of this county ; Arrearages of ten times a greater value then the fee 
fimple of the fame are worth : Occafioned in thofe tumblinge times of kino-e E. 6. 
by a purchafe made by Sir Edward Seymour, (brother to the Duke of Sonnet, 
Protector to kinge E. 6.,) of the faid kinge in the of his raigne, whileft the 

Manor of Alkington (wherof this parke is parcell) was in the Crowne, togeather 
with the refidue of the Barony of Berkeley called 25rrhdci£ Iant>£ in all the faid 
Accompts, entayled by William Marques Berkeley vpon kinge H. 7. and the heires 
males of his body in the 4^ yeare of his raigne, wherof fee before, fol : [7] 
Which againe were by the faid Sir Edward Seymour given backe to the faid kinge 
E. 6. in the yeare of his raigne, by way of Exchange for other lands, after 

Sir Edward had difparked and improoved them ; But into theis Henry lord Berke- 
ley as right heire to the faid Marques Berkeley entered in 1° Marian, iniediately 
after the death of kinge E. 6, And foe held them till hee dyed in 1 1° Jacobi, as his 
grandchilde and heire the lord George Berkeley ever fince hath, and ftill doth. 

HiftctDi^C vpon this parke and other lands doe hange other arrerages, which 
yearly increafe before the kings aforefaid Officers, occafioned by grants and re- 
grants made after the death of Sir Edward Seimour and his attainder, betweene 
the faid kinge E. 6. and Sir John Thyn ; which I heere the rather remember, 
becaufe ever fince (once in 7. yeares at the leaft,) proces cofheth forth for the level- 
linge of theis arreares and foines of money out of the Exchequer, directed to bafe 
and meane perfons whom nothinge will fatisfy or keepe from diftraininge fave 
bribery & fome money : which the lord Berkeley may avoid (as is well knowne to 
the Exchequer officers,) by his remainder in fee, for want of iffue male of the body 
of kinge Henry the feaventh. 

The faid Sir John Thyn died in 22° Eliz. as the office then found after his 
death fheweth : And by Chriftian his firft wife had iffue Sir John Thyn, father of 
Sir Thomas Thyn that nowe is, 1639. And by Dorothy his fecond wife (after 

remaried 

2 R VOL. Ill 



306 i^unbrcb of 23crhricp 



304 blank 



remaried to Sir Carewe Raleigh,) had iffue Sir Henry Thyn, Charles, Edward, 
William, Egremond a Sergeant at lawe, Katherine, and Greffam. | 



3°5 (Dwselwovtfy. 

cDtUSCitDortll : In the booke of Domefday in the kings Exchequer is written 
<O£lcuU0cDc ; wherin kinge Edward the Confeffor had, as alfo William the 
Conqueror had, as that booke faith, halfe an hide of land in demefne, nowe the 
inheritance of Sir Gabriell Lowe knight, holden of the kinge by knight fervice in 
capite. 

5fi J)£lri£!) and manor confiftinge of 14. dwellinge houfes, wherof I accompt 
the mantion or dwellinge houfe of the faid Sir Gabriell Lowe, called Newe worke, 
to bee one : The reclory none. 

fidget- 23crhdcp Of DurSriep was feifed of this manor in the times of the faid 
Confeffor, and of the Conqueror, as the faid booke of Domefdai fheweth, who leaft 
iffue Wittm Berkeley, who in the time of kinge Henry the firft, the Conquerors 
fonne, founded the Abby of S' Mary of Kingfwood by Wotton, endowinge it with 
faire poffeffions, wherof read before in Durfeley, fol : 1 76. And if the ancient Redd 
booke in the Exchequer had not expreffed the certificate of Roger Berkeley fonne 
and heire of the faid Wittm, (which fee before in fol : 177.) wherby hee gives kinge 
Henry the fecond to vnderftand, That in Efllewrd (foe therin written) hee then had 
in his demefne halfe an hide of land, I would have faid That the fame had byn 
given by the faid Wittm Berkeley to that monaftery at his firft foundinge therof ; 
But a great farme or grange was which the Abbot had, which continued with an 
increafe as after followeth till the diffolution of that monaftery in 29. et 31. H. 8; 
wherof reade before in Caldecote fol : [211], And was by them called a manor or 
the manor of Owfelworth ; which foe coiiiinge to the Crowne was by — 



it came to Thomas Rivet an Alderman of London, To whom Henry lord Berkeley 
by his deed dated 20. Maij. 14° Eliz ; at the requeft of Sir Nicholas Pointz, (as the 
deed fpeakes,) releafed all his right and intereft in the capitall meffuage called 
Owfelworth houfe ats the Newe buildinge, and in the lands therto belonginge, 

And 



<Oto£ritoortl) 

And in all thofe lands in Wortley late parcell of the Chantry of S'. John Baptift 
in Wortley, And in divers lands in Wortley called the lampe lands ; The counter- 
part of which Deed is in Berkeley caftle. 

ffrom which Sir Thomas Rivet by fale it came to S r . Thomas Lowe, ats Loe, 
another Alderman of London, and from him to the faid Sir Gabriell his fonne and 
heire nowe owner therof, as aforefaid, Captaine of the 50. trayned horfe in the 
Divifion of Berkeley ; whofe forefaid dwellinge houfe called New-worke was in 
the time of kinge E. 6. built by Sir Nicholas Pointz the elder, father of the forefaid 
Sir Nicholas, partly with the ftones and timber of the forefaid demolifhed monaftery 
of Kingfwood, fcarce two miles diftant, And partly with the ftones pulled from the 
Croffes in the parifhes therabouts. 

3Cn houfe whofe fcituacttn may feeme (with fmall helpe from the figure Hyper- 
bole,) to overlooke the North pole : from whence may bee feene the Church and 
village of Owfelworth feated in the depth of a deepe valley, where the inhabitants 
may (if vfually they doe not) cut make and caft their billet wood and fagots in at 
their chimney pots, to fave other cariage. | 

3G plnrx the parifh is, where for a great part each bufh hath its burrowe, and 3°6 
each burrowe a litter of foxes, (delicias humani generis,) ffrom whence the yearly 
rent to the furrier is ten dozen of cafes ; And as George Huntley of Boxwell Efq,, 
who dwelled hard by fcarce 40. paces from the borders of this manor, and Giles 
Daunt gent his fellowe huntfman, dwellinge in the faid houfe called New-worke, 
(gent of ancient families,) have 30 yeares fince informed mee, their flaughter of 
foxes (vnles you will call them a quarry) have byn 231. in one yeare, if they mif- 
tooke not their Arithmeticke, which I beleive they did not. Parturiunt ifti montes, 
ready by the next earthquake to cover towne houfes chimnies wood and foxes, 
Sed non nafcitur ridiculus mus, as the proverbe in Erafmus is ; But nafcuntur 
feptem fancli fontes, feaven excellent fountaines, fprings of admirable water and 
holy vertue, (as fpeake the inhabitants) iffue forth in reftles abundance, at the feete 
therof: Theis feaven holy fprings once affembled into one channell, make Hell- 
mill, the inheritance of , And thence followinge their valley 
and channell downe and downe, confine this hundred of Berkeley from that of 
Grombaldfafh, vntill they fall into the river of 

2'n this manor is that little fort called the 25r00ltlC, famous for the duell about 
30. yeares paft betweene Sir Wittm ThrokiSton Baronet and Walter Walfh, then of 

little 



30/ 



308 $unt>rct> of 25crfedcp 

little Sodbury, Efq, ; both of them fince devoured by riot and improvidence, with 
their patrimonies in Tortworth and Sodbury. 

2Sp a writt called an old Ad quod damnum, dated 10. April. 35. E. 1, and by an 
Inquifition thervpon in the fame yeare, it appeares That this Abbot of Kingfwood 
purchafed of the Abbot of Glouc one acre of land in Bagpath with the Advowfons 
of the churches of Owfel worth and of weft newenton, by way of Exchange, In lieu 
of ten pound rent in Hafelden and Culkerton given by the Abbot of Kingfwood to 
the Abbot of Sf Peters of Glouc ; And that the faid Churches are holden of John 
fonne of Wittm de Berkeley, in ward to the kinge, in puram eleemofynam ; And 
that the faid 10''.' rent is holden of Peter de Breowfa, in puram eleemofynam, alfo. 

%tl ancient booke of knights fees in the Exchequer with the Remembrancer to 
the Lord Treaforer, in the time of kinge E. 1. faith, The Abbot of Kingfwood 
holds Owfelworth of Henry de Berkeley of Durfley, And hee of the kinge. 

25p a deed without date, Robert de Rochford granted to the Abbot of Kingf- 
wood, Totam donationem Willimi de Bretun de vna cotelda terrse in villa de 
Oflewrde, quam Alicia Toki eict Willelmo vendidit. And alfo by his other Deed 
without date, granted to the faid Abbot, Donacoem Galfridi filij Galfridi de Chauci 
de alia cotfelda terre in eadem villa de Owfelworth. To which Robert de Rochford 
Cecilia was wife, and furvived him, in a° 1241, 27. H. 3. As 3 deeds in Berkeley 
caftle doe fhewe. 

25p a deed without date, Lucia filia Roberti de Rochford, foror et heres Witti 
de Rochford, releafed to the Abbot of Kingfwood All her right and intereft in the 
Manor of Owfelworth. | 

307 25p deed without date, John fonne of Robert the nephew, of Owfelworth, gave 

to Thomas de Rochford All the land which Roger de Berkeley of Durfley gave to 
Thomas his brother in Owfelworth. 

25p deed without date, John the Nevou of Owfelworth, gave halfe his mill in 
Owfelworth to Robert de Rochford, in fee. 

25p deed without date, Katherine de Rochford gave to Agnes her daughter 
8. acres of land in the manor of Owfelworth, which fhee had of the guift of Robert 
de Rochford her father in franke marriage. 

All 



€>to£dtoortfj 309 

All theis Deeds in Berkeley caftle. 

Zfyc Records of Michas terme in 4. H. 3. Rot. 11. in coi banco fhewe, That 
Robert de Rochford granted to Andrew de Bere and Alice his wife in taile, the 
manor of Owfelworth, To hold of him by halfe a knights fee. 

2£p the faid Record of Mictias terme in a 4. H. 3. aforefaid, Andreas de la 
Bere et Alicia vxor eius veniunt et cognofcunt quod tenent de Roberto Rochford 
manerium de Owfelworth per ferviciii dimidij feodi militis, et inde cepit homagium 
fuum. 

Trin Rec. in banco, 2J. H. 3. Johes de Berkeley de Durfley impleades Thomas 
de Rochford for his lands in Owfelworth, except the advowfon of the church there. 
Ptita Affifa^. 32. H. 3. fhewes That Richard de la Bere and Thomas de Rochford 
were vncle and nephewe, and heere tryed their feverall titles ; (my notes therin 
taken were too fhort.) 

25p the Records of Trin terme in banco. 34. H. 3. Rot. 6, Sibill the widowe 
of Walter de Owfelworth recovered dower of a third part of 4. hides of land in 
Owfelworth and Newenton, againft the Arch-bifhop of Yorke. 

25p Rot. paten, 42. H. 3. ps. 1. Jone the widowe of Thomas lord Berkeley 
brought a writt of Attaint againft Henry de Wildby, concerninge certaine lands in 
Owfelworth. 

jSbcc alfo Simondfall fol : 323. for Owfelworth grange. 

£ahtt ||5icf)CiIa£ was the tutelary faint and protector of the church of One- church, 
worth, as appeareth by a Deed without date, To whom it was dedicated. 

Many other were the perticuler purchafes of this Abbot of Kingfwood in this 
parifh of Owfelworth. As the Deeds remaininge with Sir Robert Pointz of Acton, 
which I have read, doe fhewe. 

23p Deed dated 1272. 56. H. 3. Henricus de Berkeley Dfis de Durfley recepit 
80. marcas de Dno Abbate et Conventu de Kingfwood pro confirmatione Maixij de 
Owfelworth et fine inde facto. | 

31n 



3io ^uitDrcb of 25crhdcp 

308 «j n p a y men t of the fifteenth or Kingfilver when it is granted by parliament, 

teene. -p^ onus or cnar g e to the collector therof is with Newton ats Newenton and Bag- 
path, which goe togeather in the fome of — [4''- 2 s !] wherof this of Owfelworth payeth 
; The deduction is [iof], And the remainder paid by the Collector into the 
Exchequer is [3'!' 12?] 



Subfedy %\\ the laft Subfedy in a° 5'? Rf Caroli, were in Owfelworth and in Newton 

Bagpath 1 1. fubfedy men, who paid — 6 1 ' - 1 7? 4/! 



Able men. 



Souldiers. 



Rates. 



Of able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, were in 6'.° Jacobi 
Rf , which then out of this village appeared before the Leiutent of this County at 
a generall mufter, and in Newton and Bagpath who appeared togeather as alfo, 
was the officers returne — 47. 

<£>f Trayned fouldiers vnder 

3HliO if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley accompted a 4^ part of the fhire bee 
rated in any tax for the kinge or comon wealth at an — ioo 1 !- This hundred paies 
therof — 33 1 ! 3! And this of Owfelworth with Newton and Bagpath — 20* And foe 
after that proportion bee the tax more or leffe. | 



309 (Dulbpen. 

<£>lllbpcn ats 4Mprt1, ats (OtoljJCH : A little Manor feated accordinge to the 
name ; The fcituation rather givinge the denomination, vz, old, anciently, Aald ; 
And pen, in the Brittifh head : So compounded of two Saxon or Brittifh words : 
Vnles it better like you, Olde, quafi holepen, (as fomtimes anciently I have found 
it written,) the fcituacon beinge in as deepe an hole or bottome as elfewhere is to 
bee feene. 



It may perhaps like fome to derive the Etimology from <£E>tdIcpcil, quafi a 
pnmc or Cage for owles ; fith noe fforreft made vp of Ivy bufhes can exceed the 
fitnes for breed and harbour of owles : which derivacon alfo the coate or bearinge 
of the Owlpens (owners therof before the time of kinge H. 2.) feemeth to counte- 
nance, vz, Argent a Cheuron fable betweene three owles heads pper : which is alfo 
their ancient, and moderne bearinge to this day. 

3!n 



<Dulbpcn 311 

5fn the time of kinge H. 2. it was the land of Barthoi de Olepen; After in the 
times of kinge Richard the firft and of kinge John of Simon de Holepen, written 
alfo in thofe times, Simon de Ollepenne : After in the time of kinge H. 3. and of 
E. 1. of Bartholomewe de Olepen ; After in the fame time of E. 1. his raigne and 
of kinge E. 2. of John de Owlepen, (two at leaft of that name fucceedinge one 
another,) And after was the land of another John de Owlepenne, whofe wardfhip 
for body and lands Thomas lord Berkeley the third of that name granted in 3. E. 3. 
to Wittm de Cheltenham then his fteward, by his deed in theis words in french 
vnder the feale of the faid lord. 

% tOltt£ CCUI q ce Ire verrunt ou orrunt, Thomas Seigneur de Berket falutz in 
dieux. Sachetz nous avoir done et grant a Wittm de Cheltynh a m et a fes heires 
et fes affignees, la gard de touts les tres et tenements John le fitj Robert de 
Oulepenne neueu et heir John de Oulepene ; enfement avouis done et grant au dit 
Wittm, le mariage del dit John fitj Robert, iffuit q il ne foit difparage ; A avoir et 
tenir la dit gard des dits tres et tents au dit Wittm et a fes heires et a fes affignes, 
de nous et de nous heires, durant le nonage le dit John fitj Robert ; Et fi il avigne 
q le dit John fit5 Robert devy avant fon leal age, grantom9 au dit Wittm en la 
manere fufdite la gard des dits tres et tents et la mariage de fon prochein hre f il 
foit deins age, et enfi de heir en heir, tanq^ al age de prochein heir ; En teftmoig- 
niance de q chofe a ceftes ires auom9 mis nre feale, Don a Berket le pmer iour de 
Novembr l'an de ragne le Roy Edward tierz apres le conqueft, tiertz. (In Berkeley 
Cattle.) 

Qlftcr the death of this John the ward the fonne of Robert, was another 
Robert de Oulpen who lived in the time of kinge H. 6, and had iffue Margery his 
only daughter and heire, who in the time of kinge E. 4. was maried to John Daunt 
fonne of Nicholas Daunt : And the faid John and Margery dyed togeather in 
13. H. 8. As by an Inqu : that yeare virtute officij, after the death of the faid 
Margery appeareth : And left iffue Chriftopher Daunt who died in 35. H. 8, leav- 
inge iffue Thomas Daunt who died in 16. Eliz :, leavinge iffue Henry and Thomas; 
\\ hich Henry dyed in t,t,. Eliz. leavinge iffue Gyles and ffrances ; Gyles dyed in 
39. Eliz : fix yeares after his father, without iffue ; And the faid ffrances his fitter 
pretended to bee heire to her brother the faid Gyles, and about that time was 
maried to John Bridgeman, then a younge Barrifter of the Inner temple, After a 
Sergeant at lawe and knighted, and Cheife Juftice of Chefter, lately dead, fhee yet 
livinge, 1639, who pretended title to this land in right of his wife, but was oppofed 

by 



312 



^unorco of 25crhdcp 



310 by the faid Thomas Daunt, brother of Henry, | her vncle, by vertue of a former 
entayle to the heires males, wherby hee caryed the land, maugre the oppofition of 
her hufband and of that powerfull and plottinge gent Sir Thomas Throgntton then 
of Tortworth knight, who both made the maryage, and abetted the title ; Againft 
whom the faid Thomas Daunt exhibited fuch a Bill in the Starchamber, difcover- 
inge fuch plots and practices, as forthwith (for a forne of money by way of 
compoficon paid to M' Bridgeman and his wife) drewe on peace, and further 
affurance to the faid Thomas Daunt from them both : which Thomas after dyed 
in a° 20. Jacobi, leavinge iffue Thomas Daunt that nowe is, owner of this little 
manor or rather at this day reputed manor, of Oulpen ; which is holden of George 
lord Berkeley by the fervice of halfe a knights fee, and fute to his hundred Court 
of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes ; Some of the Records heerafter men- 
tioned findinge the tenure of the faid Lords caftle of Berkeley, and others as of 
his manor of Wotton vnderedge, to which latter a cheife rent of five (hillings is 
yearly paid : which heere I difcuffe not. The Capitall meffuage or fcite of this 
manor (wheron the faid Thomas refideth when hee is not in Ireland, as for moft 
part hee is there dwellinge,) is in Owlpen, but much the greater part of the lands 
lye in the parifh of Newton Bagpath. The inhabitants of this Townfhip with 
their Tythingman are within the Leete of the hundred of Berkeley, where at 
Berkeley they appeare twice in the yeare. 

ffifteene. ^TfjC payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver when it is granted by parliament, 

is paid with the Townfhip of Kingfcote, as hath byn faid, fol : 252. 

Subfedy. ^fn the laft Subfedy in a" 5'° Rf Caroli, the faid Thomas Daunt was only a 

Subfedy man in this tithinge, who was rated at 4^ in land, And paid — 16 s 

Able men. ^lii a° 6"? Regis Jacobi, of able men ferviceable for the warres betweene 20. 

and 60. yeares old, who appeared before Henry lord Berkeley then Leiutenant of 
the county, taken by fpeciall direction from that kinge, were — 17. 

Souldier». <£>f Trayned Souldiers vnder Edward Stephens Efq^ their captaine, nowe 

are — wherof — 



Rates. 5;f the wholl Divifion of Berkeley bee in any rate for kinge or coffion wealth 

taxed at — 100'!, Then this hundred of Berkeley paieth therof — 3 3 'V 3?, And this 
village — 5', And foe after that rate, bee the taxe more or leffe. 



(Putopcn 31.3 

SC^orc of this village of Oulpen is to bee read in theis 
Records, vz, 

A booke of Knights fees with the Lord Treors Remembrancer in the Ex- 
chequer in the time of kinge E. 1. faith, That John de Oulpenne holds there halfe 
a knights fee of Thomas Lord Berkeley. 

Inqu : 4. E. 2. p l mortem Edmundi Baffett, holden — 

Vetus Rotut manerij de Wotton temp : E. 1. Robtus de Oulpen tenet vna 
virgatam teme, et debet feclam Curiae de 3. feptiman in 3. Septiiii et fervicium 
(regale wants in the Roll.) | 

Rot. ffranc. 22. E. 3. in dorfo. John de Oulpen continued many yeares 311 
beyond the feas with Maurice de Berkeley, And therefore was not to bee dif- 
trayned in his lands. 

Rot. finium 22. H. 6. membr : 15. Johes Oulpen dat 6? 8 d . folut in hanaperio 
pro brevi de forma donationis habend'. Glouc. 

Rot. pardon, 24. H. 6. membr t,^- A pardon to Nicholas Daunt of Wotton 
vnderedge g, brother of John Daunt late of Bernardes Inne in Holborne in the 
Suburbs of London gent, fonnes of Nicholas Daunt of Wotton Vnderedge gen. 

And Rot. pklicT:. in eod. A pardon to John Daunt of Wotton Vnderedge 
gent, als diclus John Daunt late of Bernards Inne gen, fonne of Nicholas Daunt 
aforefaid. 

Triil Rec. 20. H. 6. Rot. 10. in Sccio cm Rein Thefaur, pro Oulpen croft in 
Owlpen, parcell of the poffeffions of S! Barthot Hofpitall in Glouc. 

Inqu : 13. H. 8. p' morte Margerioe Daunt, before mentioned. 

Inqu : 13. H. S. p\t, p^ mortem Jotiis Daunt : this is misfiled in the bundle of 
1. E. 6. in the Rolls chappie. 

Hill Rec in Sccio cm Rem Thefaur, 21. H. 8. Rot. 3. 

Pafch : Rec. ibm. 23. H. 8. Rot. 7. 

Rot. finium ibm. 23. H. 8. Rot. 3. 

Inqu : 35. H. 8. p' mortem Chriftopheri Daunt. 

Inqu • 
2 s vol. in 



314 I^unDrco of 23crhricp 

Inqu : 20. Eliz : p". mortem Thomce Daunt. 
Inqu : 20. Jacobi ; pi mortem Thomce Daunt. 
Paper booke temp : H. 8. — per fervicium militare. 



312 blank 



Of this Manor Thomas Dorney hath part, vnder an Exchange made with 
Henry Daunt in 28. Eliz : Reginse. | 



313 Pebmgtort. 

^Pcoington: Is an hamblett within the Manor of Hame and parifh of Berkeley, 
And for the moft part the inheritance of George lord Berkeley. 

'Jw this hamblet are two ancient capitall meffuages, both of them called by the 
name of Pedington farme ; the one the inheritance of George lord Berkeley, parcell 
of his manor of Hame, fomtimes alfo called Somer's farme, or Somers houfe, and 
late in the tenure of Somers, and holden by the faid Lord in Capite by knights 
fervice as parcell of his Barony of Berkeley : The other was the late inheritance 
of ffrancis Dynely ats Dingley Efq,, and nowe of Walter Kirle Efq^ in right of 
Alice his wife daughter and heire of John Mallet late of Bevington deceafed, who 
purchafed the fame of the faid ffrancis, knowne alfo by the name of Kendalls court: 
And was in the time of kinge Henry the third the land of Avone, and after of 
Walton, and after of Trefray, and after of John Kendall ; by whofe attainder of high 
Treafon by parliament in 1. H. 7. for takinge part with kinge R. 3. flaine at Bof- 
worth feild not farre from Leicefter, by that kinge, the fame (amongft other lands) 
efcheated to the Crowne, As by an Inquifition found by the Efcheator virtute officij 
fui in 4. H. 7. appeares : And foe refted in the Crowne, till kinge H. 8. in the 4* 
yeare of his raigne granted this farme (or manor of Pedington as therin it is 
called,) with Avonfcourt (nowe called Baynham farme,) and Wike Court, to John 
Dingley, To hold at will. And afterwards by tres patents dated 12. ffebr. 9 H. 8. 
againe granted the fame to the faid John Dingley and to the heires males of his 
body, To hold in Capite and by payinge two greyhounds as often as the kinge lhall 
come within two miles of this Pedington. 

Cl)ifl> John Dingley had iffue male Henry Dingley and died ; And 

the faid Henry had iffue the faid ffrancis, and died in 32° Eliz., As an Inqu : after 

his 



Winston 315 

his death in that yeare fheweth, wherin the faid Lfes patents and tenure as afore- 
faid are mentioned ; And thefe called by the name of three Tents or manors of 
Pedington, Avonfcourt, and Wike ; And that ffrancis was his fonne and heire 39. 
yeares old, who vfed, at one if not at all of thefe three farme places or manors, 
once in 5 or 7 yeares, to affemble his tenants or leffees and to hold a Court Baron, 
whervnto they were in their feverall leafes made fuitors by Covenant. 

^f)ll£ flood theis lands, till kinge James by his Lres patents dated 8. ffebruaf. 
A . 13. regni fui Anglie, et Scotiae — 49, granted vnto Gifford Moigne and to the 
faid ffrancis Dingley, Omnia ilia Maneria de Pedington, Avonfcourt, et Wike, 
annui valoris — 13 1 ! 6 s : 8 d . quondam parcett terrarum Johis Kendall, et nuper Johis 
Treffray, et poftea Jofies Dingley et heredum mafculorum de corpore fuo tittime 
procreat per tras fuas paten dated 22. Ocfobr 10. H. 8. (foe recited if not miftaken, 
for furely there are tres patents dated 12. ffebr : 9 H. 8. as aforefaid :) To hold to 
the faid Dingley and Moigne and their heires, by fuch and the like fervices and 
rents as before the fame were held. And the 16^ of May a° 44. Jacobi, after a comon 
rcouy fuffered, the faid Moigne and Dingley made pertition : And accordingly, (for 
all this was to enable Dingley to alien,) in 15° et 16 Jacobi, The faid ffrancis 
Dynely ats Dingley and Elizabeth his wife, and Henry his fonne and heire and 
Jone his wife, ioyned in | fale of almoft all the faid ffarmes and lands, (Baynham 3*4 
ffarmc ats Avons Court excepted,) to Mathewe Smyth of Wanefwell, Robert 
Atkins of Newport, and John Saniger of Saniger, and their heires, who according 
to the truft repofed in them forthwith in the fame and the next yeare after granted 
over to other pticuler leffees therof, that which themfelves held not or were not to 
keepe : vpon which fales made of 370. acres or therabouts, the faid M* Dingley 
raifed — 1 130''.' of about 24. leffees : which before this yeare, 1639. a° 15'° Rf Caroli, 
have afforded the kinge 7. or 8. wardfhips, with as much loffe almoft to the lord 
35crJftricp, for that the moft of them held lands of the faid Lord by knight fervice, 
havinge noe other land held of the Crowne fave fmall parcells of this, nowe thus 
purchafed, wherof they feverally (fome fcarce of one acre,) died feized. 

Ctjfi£ Records will fhewe fomwhat more touchinge Pedington, with Baynham 
farme, and Wike Court, then formerly is delivered, vz, 

Trin Rec. 1. et. 2. R. 3. Rot. 138. in banco. Wittus Minfterbrooke petit 

verfus Willimum Berkeley Comitem Nottingham, — 59* redd" cu ptin in 

Pedington, Avonfcourt, et Wike, cu ptinen. 

Originat in Sccio cm Rein Thefaur. 4. H. 8. Rot. 139. 

Orimnat 



316 ©unDrcb of 25crhclcp 

Originat ibm. 10. H. 8. Rot. 13. 

Trin Rec, ibm. 7. H. 8. Rot. 27. 

Pafch : fines : 33. Eliz : Rot. 6. in Sccio p&. 

Pafcti : Rec. 37. Eliz : Rot. 1 2,4- 



piancfyes : or la planca. 

See before in Came, fol : 129. 

Pockfytneton ; als : Pock Hampton, als Pockincjton 

See before in Hineton : fol : 229. et 230. | 



315 0?e ^tocje. 

C[)e fttbjJC ; or %c <£D(JC ; or la <£(jgc : is an hamblet confiftinge of 
dwellinge houfes within the parifh of Wotton vnderedge, feated betweene the vpper 
part of Nybley and Symondfall, reputed at this day to bee parcell of the Manor of 
Owfelworth the inheritance of S r Gabriell Loe als Lowe, knight, holden by him 
of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite : Howbeit anciently it was a part of the 
lord Berkeleis great Manor of Wotton, and fevered as followeth ; 

Cf)Omfl£ Horb 25crhdcp the firft of that name (who dyed in 28. H. 3.) did 
about 20. H. 3. give to Thomas de Berkeley his fecond fonne and to his heires, 
amongft others, theis lands at the Edge ; As indeed they lye at the edge or browe 
of a fteepe hill there defcendinge from Symondfall. Which Thomas dyinge vn- 
maried and without iffue in 31. II. 3. gave the fame to the Abbot of Kingfwood 
and the Monkes there, by feverall Deeds which at this day are in Berkeley caftle, 
wherin hce mentioneth the intents of his guifts to bee for the welfare of his owne 
foule, and of his fathers and mothers, and of all his anceflors and freinds ; Which 

guifts 



.£rt>crne 3 1 7 

guifts the lord Maurice Berkeley his eldeft brother afterwards confirmed to that 
Monaftery, As by their Deeds yet in Berkeley caftle appeareth : In this fort re- 
mained theis lands, till the diffolucon of that Monaftery in 31. H. 8. And then were 
granted with the manor of Owfelworth as parcell therof, As in the defcription of 
that Manor I have formerly mentioned, fol : 305. 

An Inquificon in 27. E. 1. findeth, That Walter Paffelowe gave to the Abbot 
and Covent of Kingfwood the 4^ part of a meffuage and of one yard land in la 
Edge, ats the Ridge. 

3Ull& by a Deed in Berkeley Caftle, in 10. E. 2. A° Dni. 1 3 1 7. Sir John Berkeley 
knight a younger fonne of Thomas Lord Berkeley, and the Lady Havyfia wife of 
the faid Sir John, havinge noe iffue, made this Abbot of Kingfwood and their 
Covent their heire, to whom they gave all their lands in this place. — Thus was this 
hamblett made vp to that Monaftery. 



See more heerof in Symondfall. fol : 323. ] 



316 blank 



Scoerne. 317 

,§rtJCrnC : or the River of Severne is remarkeable in each Englifh hiftory : my 
intention is to touch only fuch obfervations as I have met withall, not in any of 
them, as I conceive. 

t§C\)Cmc wafheth the fhoare of this hundred of Berkeley about 18. miles, not 
accomptinge crookes turnings or meanders ; The midft of w* length I place at the 
houfe of John Toyte in Hineton, where the paffage is into the fforreft of Deane, 
(even nowe in a° 1639. in difafforreftinge,) called Pirton ats Piriton paffage, where 
this River at full fea is not much leffe, if leffe, then two myles broad : In this place 
it floweth 3. hours and ebbeth 9. twice in each 24. 

3ClltJ for the time of the full fea at this paffage, the time of the firft turne, and 
the houre of floud, for every natural day, from the full of the moone, or from the 
change, take this table followinge as I have received it, fent mee for my direction 
in paffage. 

€f)e 



3i8 



^unorcD of 25crhricp 



Cf)C firft of the feaven columes fheweth the dayes of the moone from 
the full or change : The fecond and third columes the houres and 
minutes of full fea : The 4^ and 5 th the houres and minutes of the 
firft Turne : The 6 th and 7 th The hours and minutes of floud that 
day. 



Moons 
Age 


Full 


Sea 


Fiift Turn 


Flood 


H 


M 


H I M 


1 H 


M 


I 


8 


48 


12 


8 


5 


8 


2 


9 


36 


I 


36 


6 


36 


3 


10 




2 


24 


7 


24 


4 


10 


30 


3 


12 


8 


12 


5 


1 1 


10 


3 


36 


8 


36 


6 


1 1 


50 


4 


6 


9 


9 


7 


12 


20 


4 


50 


9 


50 


8 


1 




5 




10 




9 


1 


30 


5 


30 


TO 


30 


10 


3 




7 




12 




1 1 


4 




8 




I 




12 


5 




9 




2 




13 


6 




10 




3 




14 


7 




1 1 




4 




15 


8 




12 




5 



Only note, that the beinge of the winde 
may fomwhat further or hinder the time of 
paffage at full fea, but not much : yet if 
the winde blowe ftronge vpon the Eaft, the 
paffage will bee one houre fooner then 
ufuall. 

3CilD note alfo, That if the Moone bee 
at the full or change in the afternoone, 
your accompt in this table muft begin 
from the day followinge. 






5(n January in the 4'! 1 of kinge James, a° Dni. 1606, was foe great a Tyde, 
made greater with a ftronge winde, that it overflowed a great part of the lower 
countrey adioyninge, drowninge divers men and woemen, and cattle of all forts ; 
The like wherof happened that time 40. yeares before ; growne remarkeable in 
many hiftories already, which M? Camden placeth in January 1607. by bcginninge 
the yeare of our Lord the firft of that month, which I followe not, neither hcere 
nor in any part of thcis dcfcriptions. | 

318 23p often conference with the fifhermen inhabitinge this river, and efpctially 

at my holdinge Courts for thofe Manors that doe adioyne to the river, togeather 

with 






^ctoernc 319 

with mine owne obfervations, I have found 53. forts of fea fifh in this river within 
the limits of this hundred, which have byn in the time of my Stewardship taken 
therin, and called as followeth ; viz, 

The Sturgeon, Porpoife, Thornpole, Jubertas or a yonge whale, ats the herr- 
inge hogge, The Seale, the Swordfifh, the falmon, wheat trout or fuen, The turbut, 
Lamprey, Lamperne, Shad, tweat, the wray, the houndfifh ats the dogfifh, the fole, 
the flooke, ats the flounder, the fand flooke, refemblinge the fole, A barne, a Cod, a 
Card, An eele pout, A mackarell, the Sunfifh, the hake, An haddocke, a Roucote, 
the fea tad, A plaice, the millet ats mullet, the Lynge, A dabbe, A yearlinge, An 
horncake, the Lumpfifh, A gurnard, both red and gray, A cuttlefifh, a whitinge, a 
little crabbe, the Conger ats the conger eele, beinge the hee-fifh, and the Shee fifh 
is called a quaver, the Dorry, the hufwife, the herringe, the fprat, the pilchard, the 
prawne, the flirimpe, the eele, a fauzon, or great fat eele, Elvers, fuppofed by fome 
to bee the younge eele, the bafe, the fea breame, and the Halibut : In all — 53. 

Of a fewe of which, experience affures vs That the leffer the Sturgeon is the 
more wholfome and tender, and the belly to bee preferred before the backe. 

The belly of the falmon is tendreft fweeteft and pleafanteft, and his eies whol- 
fomer then of any other fifh : The falmon growes by theis degrees and ages : vz, 
1. a pinke ; 2. a botcher ; 3. a falmon trout ; 4. a gillinge ; 5. a falmon ; Soe in 
perfecl and full age at 5. yeares, As an oxe or bucke ; 3tnD (generally) in this part 
of the River, the prime feafon for the goodnes of the falmon goes out when the 
Bucke comes in ; And comes in when the Bucke goes out. 

Cljf c&olc wee call our Seaverne Capon ; A meate of prime note. 

<Of the plaice, wee fay quanto grandior e6 melior. 

$rAUinc£ and ^IjrilTipc^ are held by vs an excellent food for ever) age and 
conftitution ; Of excellent temperature and fubftance, and of eafy concoclion ; If 
fifties may bee reftorative theis wee fay are they. 

1Ditl) tl)C Hiimprcp, I will conclude my cookifh obfervations ; A fifh of note and 
eminency, entringe this river with the newe yeare and then of five monthes abode ; 
whofe ancient and old eftimation conceive by theis Records in the Tower of 
London. 

Rotulus 



3 2 o J^unbrco of 2Bcrkdcp 

Rotulus finium. 2. Jofris. Homines de Glouceftria dant Dno Regi 40. marcas, 
pro habenda benevolentia fua, quia eum non refpexerunt, ficut debuerunt, de 
lampreis fuis. 

Rot. Liberacon : 10. H. 3. membr. 3. Comandment is given by the kinge to 
the Sheriffe of Gloucefterfhire to proclayme in the County that noe Regrators fhall 
buy Hamprcpc£ taken in feverne, wherby the kinge or his people fhould pay the 
deerer for them. 

Rot. Liberacon. 14. H. 3. The kinge the 12* of March cohlaunds the faid 
Sheriffe to buy for him 24. lampreyes, and to fend them to him to Lurgefall. 

Rot. Liberacon. 1 7. H. 3. and other like Rolls fhewe that noe yeare paffed, but 
that the kinge had Lampreys and heryngs from Severne. 

Rot. Claus. 21. H. 3. membr : 16. The 4 th of March, the kinge then beinge 
at Canterbury by his writt coiliands the Sheriffe of this County to bake for him all 
the lampreyes hee can gett, and to fend them to him by his Cooke : And when hee 
fhould bee neerer Severne, then to fend them vnbaked, as longe as they may come 
fweete, for him and his Queene to eate. | 

310 Rot. Liber. 24. H. 3. mem : 16. The 27^ of ffebr, the faid kinge by his writt 

cohlaunds the Sheriffe of this County not to fuffer any man to buy any lampryes, 
but that hee buy and fend them all to him wherfoever hee bee, for all the lent. 

Rot. Liber : 26. H. 3. ps. 1. mem : 4. fhewes, That the Sheriffe of this county 
fent the kinge in Lent this yeare — 188. lampries, and 56. frefh heryngs ; All which 
coft the kinge — 12 1 '. 7? 3* 

Rot. Claus. 32. H. 3. The kinge by his writt the 2S ,h of ffebr. coiliands the 
Sheriffe of this County to fend two parts of all the Lampreies hee can buy or get, 
to him to Norwich, And the other third part to his Queene to Windfore Caftle. 

3Inb in Berkeley Caftle is an Accompt of the keeper of the Wardrobe in 41. 
E, 3. which fhewes, That Maurice lord Berkeley in December, fent the kinge fix 
lampries, which coft him — 6 1 !- 7* 2 d . And the cariage of thofe 6. to the king coft — 
6* 8'! ; And in Aprill followinge fent the Abbot of Glaftenbury other 6. lampries, 

which 



£cbcrnc 32 

which coft him 31 s . 6 d . But enough of this Lamprey, though of them the fifhermen 
never thinke they have enough : fuch continueth their eftimation to this day, 1639. 

5'n this River, as farre as this Hundred of Berkeley extendeth, the lord 
Berkeley and his tenants holdinge vnder him, have from Shepardines paffage, 
(which is neere to the Lol of Hill,) alonge the river by the deepeft part of the 
Channell, a feverall and free fifhinge, extendinge to the vttermoft part of the Lo? 
of Slimbridge : Howbeit at certaine places and feafons of the tide in lakes or 
pooles, any ftranger may with a Becknet or Ladenet, fifh, (but not with any other 
longe net or draught nett,) and take any other fifh (fave pifces regales, vz, Royall 
fifhes, as Sturgeon, Seale, Thornpole, or Porpoife, which are folely to the faid lord,) 
And they are the fifhermans owne, except the fifh foe taken bee falmon, gillinge, 
Shad, or Lamprey; The cuftome of which, (called galeable fifhes,) is in this manner; 
The fifherman fets the price of fuch his fifh ; The Lord choofeth whether hee will 
take the fifh and pay halfe that price to the fifherman ; or refufe the fifh and require 
halfe the price of the fifherman foe fet by him ; The price or moity taken is called 
the Gale ; The Lords fervant or farmer therof, the Galor ; And theis forefaid forts 
only are called Galeable fifhes, or the gale fifhinge ; Howbeit it is faid That if the 
fifherman, before the lords galor can come cry or call to him, doe efcape or gett foe 
farre as paft the full fea marke with his fifh to land, and put graffe into the mouth 
therof, that therby that fifh is freed from payment of gale. But noe ftranger may 
fifh in the Chanell with Longnett Becknett or Ladenet, nor may fhoote any rack- 
nett within any of the pooles in this River, vntill the dead lowe water, that is vntill 
the poole hath left drivinge. 

3ln the 4 1 ! 1 yeare of kinge James a troublefome fuite in the Court of Chancery 
arofe, betweene Henry lord Berkeley pit and one Wittm Dunninge, yet livinge, 
and others of the fforreft fide of Deane, def'. s , wherin many witneffes were examined: 
In which fuite one mayne queftion was who fhould fet the price of the galeable fifh, 
whether the fifherman who takes the fifh, or the Lords galor : Which was adiudged 
for the Lord, that the fifherman fhould fet the price ; To which fute I referre you 
if you defire to vnderftand more of the Cuftomes of this noble | river ; The 320 
proceedings wherof are in Berkeley Caftle exemplified vnder the great Seale of 
England. 

3ff a Sturgeon bee taken, in whofe feverall fifhings or putts foever, it is the 
Lord Berkeleis, And by the taker to bee brought to his Caftle of Berkeley : How- 
beit 

2 T VOL. Ill 



3^2 ^unorco of 23crhclep 

beit the lord of cuftome gives the taker vpon delivery of the Sturgeon halfe a marke 
in money, and a longe bowe and two arrowes, or halfe a noble in lieu therof : J But 
if a whale bee taken, (as a younge whale or Jubertas of 22. foote longe was, in the 
i8'. h yeare of kinge James, A . 1620. whofe picture, rudely drawne, is in the great hall 
in Berkeley caftle,) that hath noe retribution of right from the Lord : not foe much 
as for makinge the dray wheron that fifh was drawne, wherat were tyed 35. yoke 
of oxen ; A fifh which yeilded an oyle then faid and ftill beleived to bee very 
foveraigne and medicinable for aches, &c. 

3tll fifh that is taken ought of ancient cuftome to bee brought to the Markett 
Croffe in Berkeley towne, and there to bee pitched one houre, before the fifherman 
may carry and fell the fifh out of the hundred to any other ; which havinge, through 
the abfence of the Lord and his cheife officers, for fome yeares byn neglected, was 
of late yeares, through the livinge and abode of the lady Elizabeth Berkeley, mother 
and guardian to the nowe lord George, at Berkeley and Whitcliffe parke lodge, 
fomwhat revived. 

5'n this river is alfo a tyde in each weeke called the Lords tyde, when the lord 
hath all the fifh in certaine places taken therat : And the next tide, called the 
parfons tide, for his tithe fifh ; The Lords on the Thurfday, the parfons on the 
friday the next after ; wherof the faid fute in Chancery againft Dunninge and 
others, fpeakes more at large : which Roger Kemis, conftable of Berkeley caftle, 
then in the time of kinge James livinge there, revived and enioyed. 

Cf)C liberty of the lord of this hundred in this river, beginneth, as hath byn 
faid, at Sheperdines paffage, extendinge alonge the river by the deepeft part of the 
channell where for the time it is, to the vttermoft part of the manor of Slimbridge, 
which is there divided from the liberty of other men by a fmall river or frefh Inlet 
called fframptons pill : And of foe much of the faid river of Severne as lyeth within 
the parifh of Arlingham, with the pooles and lakes therin, with liberty and freedom 
of pitchinge rowes of flakes overthwart or croffe the faid lakes or pooles. 

jtcc more of this River in the Manors of Hill, Hame, Hinton, Slimbridge, and 

Arlingham, which bound vpon the fame ; The middle of whofe channell is their 

vtmoft bound on that fide, each of them. | 

•E 1 Wank £imonb#iIe 

32a J 

1 We learn from Mr. James Herbert Cooke, F.S.A., the prefent Steward of the Berkeley Eftate, that 
£1 is now paid for every Sturgeon brought to the Caflle. [Ed.] 



&tmont>0ale 323 

Simonbsale. 

ifehnonllfifnlc ; In the booke of Domefdai, written, Simondefhale ; wherin kinge 
Edward called the Confeffor had, as that booke faith, one hide of land in demefne ; 
An ancient manor parcell of the Barony of Berkeley, the inheritance of George 
Lord Berkeley, and holden by knight fervice in Capite. 

5ft is within the parifh of Wotton, and had anciently its Chaple belonging vnto 
it, Which, with that of Nibley, were all the chaples belonginge to that mother 
church of Wotton : But this is now decayed, the ruines fcarce appearinge ; And 
the manor it felfe hath altered its effence, reputed at this day but a farme, called 
Simondfall farme. 

|30C place for health and habitation from the midft of Aprill to the middle of 
October, can bee better feated ; The aire foe wholfome and digeftive., That it hath 
created a coiiion and conftant proverbe of bringinge to our tables Simondfall fauce, 
meaninge a good and hungry appetite to eate : And as the aire is pure, foe the 
farme houfe (well worth — 230''- per Ann,) (lands in the higheft place of all this hun- 
dred, it beinge generally beleived That the little hill or tumpe neere to this houfe, 
(fuppofed to bee a Danilh or Saxon grave of fome great Lord,); is the higheft earth 
in the kingdome of England ; And yet noe place is or can bee better watered with 
many delicate and wholfome fprings then this, heerin arifinge: And wee hundredors 
are perfwaded, That if any Englilh fcituation could bee wholfomnes of aire promife 
eternity of daies, it were heere to bee expected ; So that the inhabitant bee fur- 
nifhed with a great wood pile for winter. 

Simondfall farme and the hamblet of Combe make but one Tithinge, and are Rates, 
within the Leet or Lawday of Berkeley hundred, And equally pay togeather in all 
levies and rates. 

5ff the Divifion of Berkeley, (often and againe before fpoken of,) bee rated in Rates, 
any levy to the kinge or Coiiion wealth at ioo 1 .' - , Therof Simondfall and Combe pay 
— 20?, as beinge a iuft hundredth part therof. wherof fee before in Combe, fol: 151. 

25)1 a Deed without date, the Abbot of Kingfwood granted to Maurice lord 
Berkeley fonne of Thomas de Berket and his heires, and to all his tenants of 
Simondfale, to have free ingreffe and egreffe through his land of Egge, (which the 

Abbot 

2 T 2 



3 2 4 $)unbrcD of 23ahclcp 

Abbot had of the guift of Thomas de Berkeley brother of the faid Maurice, whereof 
fee before fol: 315,) for all manner of their cattle to drive and lead from Simondfall 
vnto the water called Lodewell, and there to water, foe that the Abbot bee not 
damnified in his corne or pafture. — In Berkeley caftle this Deed. 

Cf)f io'. h of ffebr: A° 31. E. 1. An award by mediation of freinds therin named, 
was made betweene Thomas lord Berkeley and Maurice his fonne and heire of the 
one part, And the Abbot of Kingfwood of the other part ; That the Abbot and his 
fucceffors fhould finde a pound or fold of— 240. fheepe at their charges, from the 
third day of May yearly vntill All Saints day, vpon the faid Lords land at Simondf- 
ale, except 3. daies for the faid Abbots fhearinge of his fheepe ; But provided, that 
if the Abbot have noe fheepe vpon his granges of Egge Owfelworth and Caldecote, 
becaufe of Rott or other neceffity, (all fraud and malice excluded,) then, duringe 
that time, not to bee bound to finde that fould: Nor if the faid Lord and his tenants 
(called villanos in this award,) have at any time above 800. fheepe vpon their 
pafture of Simondfale, then alfo the Abbot not to bee bound to finde the faid fould. 



See Caldecote. fol : 121, And Owfelworth. fol : 307. 



324 blank 



325 



SWmbvxbge. 

i&liniljritige : Anciently written Slimbrugg, is a remarkeable parifh, The Church 
or Reclory wherof belongeth to Magdalen colledge in Oxford by the guift of Maurice 
lord Berkeley the 5'. h of that name, in 19. H. 7 ; Howbeit his elder brother whileft 
hee was Earle of Nottingham had by a defeafible title given the fame ; who dyinge 
without iffue, it was by the faid Maurice his brother and heire of newe granted, of 
the value of — 250 1 '.' per Annli; Whofe lafl Incumbent Lawrence Bridger fate Re<5k>r 
there 55. yeares, and dyed very rich and honcft, in a'! 1632, nowe fucceeded by 
Nicholas Richardfon, a learned man, fenior fellowe of that Colledge. 

<€\]C Manor of Slimbridge is the inheritance of George Lord Berkeley, holden 
of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite; And is not mentioned in Domefday booke 
in the Catalogue of thofc manors which make the great Manor of Berkeley, wherof 

fee 






4>lini&ri&gc 325 

fee before fol : 6. 7. et 209. But then was the inheritance of Roger Berkeley of 
Durfeley, father of William Berkeley founder of the Monaftery of Kingfwood ; 
whofe fonne Roger Berkeley in the time of kinge Stephen gave this Manor of 
Slimbridge to Alice his daughter in manage, when (hee vpon the Agreement then 
made betweene her faid father and Robert the fonne of Harding, became wife to 
Maurice fonne and heire of the faid Robert fonne of Harding; which agreement 
copied out of the originall vnder feale, is in theis words, vz ; 

3f£tflE funt pactkmes quae factae fuerunt inter Robertum filium Hardingi et 
Rogerum de Berkeley, in domo Roberti filij Hardingi apud Briftow, in prefentia 
Dni Henrici Ducis Normanniae, Aquitan, et Comitis Andegaviae, eiufdem affenfu, 
et in prefentia multorum aliorum Clericorum et laicorum : Mauricius filius Roberti 
filij Hardingi cepit filiam Rogeri de Berkeley in vxorem, Itaquod Rogerus dedit 
Mauricio cum filia fua in matrimonio Slimbrugg, quae eft de hereditate fua, hoc eft, 
decern libratas terrae ; Et Mauricius affenfu patris fui Roberti filij Hardingi dedit 
filiae Rogeri quam cepit in vxorem in dotem virginti libratas terrae de feodo de 
Berkeley, affenfu Dhi Henrici Ducis, tali convencone ; quod fi Mauricius filius 
Roberti moreretur antequam cepiffet filiam Rogeri in vxorem, frater poft eum 
primogenitus acciperet earn in vxorem p fupradiclas conventiones ; Et fi ille alter 
filius Roberti moreretur ante fponfalia filiae Rogeri, quifquis de filijs Roberti poft 
eum heres remaneret, filiam Rogeri in vxorem acciperet ; Similiter fi filia Rogeri 
antequam defponfaretur Mauricio filio Roberti moreretur, fecunda poft ipfam 
Mauricio daretur in vxorem, vel cuicunq, fratrum fuorum qui heres remaneret poft 
ipfum Mauricium ; Ita et de ceteris filiabus Rogeri fi primogenitae morerentur, ilia 
quae remaneret poft ipfas daretur illi de filijs Roberti filij Hardingi qui heres eius 
remaneret, ficut fuperius prelocutum eft : Preterea filius Rogeri de Berkeley qui 
heres eius eft debet accipere in vxorem fuam de filiabus Roberti filij Hardingi, et 
Rogerus de Berkeley debet illi filio Roberti dare in dotem manerium de Sifton de 
Briftott, quod manerium eft de hereditate Rogeri. Et Robertus filius Hardingi 
debet dare in matrimonium cum filia fua filio Rogeri, decern libratas et decern 
folidatas terrae apud Durfeley, eo pacto ; quod fi vna de filiabus Roberti filij 
Hardingi moreretur, antequam filius Rogeri earn acciperet in vxorem, altera filia 
daretur illi ; Et fi vtraq^ filia Roberti ante fponfalia moreretur, filius Rogeri qui ^26 
eius heres eft acciperet in vxorem filiam Hugonis de Hafele, neptem Roberti filij 
Hardingi. Sitter fi | primogenitus Rogeri de Berkeley moreretur ante fupradicla 
fponfalia, ille de fribus fuis qui remanet poft ipfum primogenitus et heres, acciperet 
in vxorem vnam de filiabus Roberti filij Hardingi qui domi funt, vel fi vtraq^ ante 

fponfalia 



326 $unDrcti of 23crhdqj 

fponfalia moreretur, filiam Hugonis de Hafele per fupradictas pacliones : Has 
pacliones affidaverunt Robertus filius Hardingi et Rogerus de Berkeley, tenere et 
fervare fine fallacia et dolo, et pofuerunt Dnum Henricum Ducem obfidem et J uftic 
inter fe de fervandis his pa6lionibus. Hoc etiam affidaverunt probi 06I0 viri ex 
parte Roberti, et alij 06I0 ex parte Rogeri, quorum nomina funt haec ; Ex parte 
Rogeri, Wittus filius Henrici, Rogerus de Schai, Radus de Iweley, Walterus, 
Engewaldus de Gofinton, Guido de rupe, Guayfarus de planca, Hugo de planca 
ffer eius. Ex parte Roberti, Hugo de Hafele, Nigellus filius Arthuri, Robertus 
de Sautmaris, Elias frer Roberti filij Hardingi, Jordanus frater eius, Jordanus le 
Faire, Ricus filius Roberti, David Duncepouche ; Et ifti viri Robertus et Rogerus 
in his paclionibus fervandis totis viribus tenebunt; Quod fi Robertus et Rogerus de 
his paclionibus vellent exire, Ifti cogent eas pacliones tenere quantum poterint ; Et 
fi ipfi acquiefcere noluerint ifti viri de fervicio et amore eos reducent. Et propter 
has fupradiclas pacliones, Rogerus de Berkeley clamavit quietum totum chalangum 
fuum, et quicquid iuris habebat in firma de Berkeley. 1 

1 The following is a literal copy of this important and interefting Deed, now exifling in the muniment 
room at Berkeley Caftle, for the loan of which we are indebted to the courtefy of Mr. James Herbert 
Cooke, before mentioned. 

Ifte funt pacliones que facie fuerunt inter Rod v tu filiu hardingi 7 RogerQ de Bercket in domo Rodoti 
filii hardingi apud Briftov in pTentia dni henrici ducis Normannox 7 Aquitani§ 7 Comitis And, eiufde 
aflfenfu. 7 in pfentia multox alioru clericoa 7 laicoru. Maurici9 fili9 Rodtiti filii hardingi c§pit filia Rogeri de 
Bercket in uxore. Ita qct Rogerus dedit Mauricio cu filia fua in matrimonio. Slimbrugia qu^-^de fua 
hereditate hoc-fdece libratas terr§. 7 Maurici9 conceffu pat'f fui Rodbti filii hardingi dedit filie, Rogeri qua 
ipfe ctjpit uxore; in dote . XX . libratas terre, de feudo de bercket affenfu dni Herici ducis. Tali conuentione 
q°d fi Maurici9 fili9 Rodfeti moreretur anteq a m cepiffet filia Rogeri uxore ; frater ei9 pofl eu p'mogenit' 
acciperet earn uxore, p fup a dic"las conuentiones. Et fi etia ille alter filius Rodfiti moreref ante fponfalia 
fili§ Rogeri ; quifq'f. de filiis Rodbti pofl illu heres remaneret ; filia Rogeri uxore accipet. Similiter fi filia 
Rogeri anteq a m defponfaretur Mauricio filio Rodfiti moreref; fcda p9 ipfa Mauricio daref uxore ut cuili- 
bet frm fuoi qui heres remaneret poR Mauriciii. Ita 7 de cetis filiab3 Rogeri fi primogenite morerent' 
ilia que remaneret pofl ipfas daretur illi de filiis Rodbti filii Hard qui heres ei9 remaneret, fie fupius plocutu 
efL Preterea filius Rogeri de Bercket qui heres eius efl debet accipe uxore una de filiab9 Rodtjti filii hard, 
7 Roger9 de berckelai debet illi filiQ Rodtiti dare in dote maneriu Siflone Jjpe Briflou qd maneriu efl 
de hereditate Rogeri. Et Rodbertus filius hard debet dare in mat'moniu cu filia fua filio Rogeri. X. 
libratas et . X . folidatas terre. apud derfelegii. eo pac"lo qd fi una de filiabs; Rodtiti filii hard moreret 1 : 
anteq a m fili9 Rogeri earn accipet uxore; altera filia Rodbti daref illi. Et fi utraq, filia Rodbti ante 
fponfalia moreref; fili9 Rogeri qui heres ei9 effet accipet uxore filia hugonis de hafele neptim Rodbti 
filii Hard . Similiter fi p'mogenit9 Rogeri de berket moreref ante fup a dic"ta fponfalia ille de fratrib3 fuis 
qui remaneret pofl ipfu p'mogenit9 7 heres accipet uxore una de filiab9 Rodtiti filii hard que domi fut, 
ut fi utraq^ ante fponfalia moreref; filiam hugonis de Hafele p fup a dic~tas pacliones. Has pactiones 
affidaverunt Rodht9 fili9 hard, 7 Roger9 de berckelai tenere & fervare fine fallacia 7 dolo, 7 pofuerut 



<!§ttmbrit)gc 327 

<Chci£ mutuall croffe or reciprocall manages tooke effect, and were bleffed with 
iffue on both fides, as none more noble in all the county nor fcarce in the Weft part 
of England ; The faid Maurice and Alice, daughter of the faid Roger de Berkeley 
(fuch was her name), had iffue Robert and Thomas ; Robert, called Robert de 
Berkeley dyed in 4. H. 3. without iffue, leavinge the faid Thomas his brother and 
heire ; which Thomas had iffue Maurice, father of Thomas, father of Maurice, 
father of Thomas, father of Maurice, father of Thomas and James; which James 
dyed in the life time of his elder brother Thomas, leavinge iffue James : And after 
the faid Thomas dyed in 5. H. 5. without iffue male, And James fonne of the faid 
James, by force of an Entayle of this manor (inter alia) by fine in 23. E. 3, became 
heire male thereof; which James fonne of James dyed in 3. E. 4. leavinge iffue 
William and Maurice ; which William was created Earle of Nottingham and 
Marques Berkeley, who in 4. H. 7. (covettinge to difinherite his brother Maurice, 
out of difpleafure that then raged betweene them), conveyed (amongft other 
manors) this of Slimbridge To the vfe of himfelfe and the heires of his body, The 
Remainder to kinge H. 7. and to the heires males of his body, The remainder to 
his own right heires ; and in 7. H. 7. dyed without iffue of his body, whervpon 
kinge H. 7. entred, and had iffue male kinge H. 8, who entred, and had iffue male 
kinge E. 6, who entred and dyed without iffue male of his body ; At whofe death 
Henry lord Berkeley, then about 19. yeares old, entred as right heire to the faid 
William Marques Berkeley, vz, fonne of Thomas, fonne of Thomas, brother and 
heire of Maurice, fonnes of the faid Maurice, brother and heire of the faid Marques. 
Which Henry had iffue Thomas who dyed in 9. Rf Jacobi, two yeares before his 
father, leavinge iffue the faid George, nowe Lord of this Manor aforefaid. 

Che flfl-tanor. of Slimbridge comprehendeth the hamblets of Cambridge, Slim- 
bridge ftreet, Churchend, and the remarkeable places called Slimbridge warth, 
Routes Court, and Southworthy feild, of which I fhall make after mention. And 

the 

dnm henricv duce obfide cV jufticia inter fe de fervandis his pa<5tionib3. Hoc etia affidauerunt . viii . pbi 
viri ex parte Rodfeti, 7 alii . viii . ex parte Rogeri quox nomina hec funt. Ex parte Rogeri ; Wiftm9. fili9 
henrici, Roger9 defekai, Radulf9 de huelega, Walkelin9., Engebald9 de Gofintuna, Guido de Rupe, 
Gwalter9 de planca, hugo de planca f r ei9 ; De parte Rodbti ; Hugo de Hafela, Nigellus fili9 Arthuri, 
Rodtjtus de Saltemarif, Helyai fr RodBti filii hard, Jordan9 ft ei.9, Jordan9 le warre, Nicholaus filius 
RodBti, David duncepucke, Et ifti viri Rodfttu 7 Rogeru in his pa<5lionib9 fervandis totis uirib9 
tenebut. Q°d fi Rodr5t9 7 Rogerus de his pa<fti6ib9 uellefi exire; ifti cogen eo 5 paclioes tefie q a ntu po£int. 
Et fi ipfi adq'efc r e noluerit ; ifti uiri de fervicio 7 amore eos recedent. Et f>pt?. has fup a didtas padtiones; 
Roger9 de Berket clamauit q'etu totu ckalangiu fuu, 7 q'cq'd juri s habebat ; i firma de berkelai. 

CYROGRAPHIVM 



328 ^unDrco of 53crftclrp 

the parifh alfo comprehendeth more, the Manor of Hurft formerly mentioned, 
327 fol : 241, with all the | hambletts therof, The Manors of Sages and Gofington. A 
parifh that is great and rich in foile, yet few of the inhabitants wealthy, moft very 
poore : The warth and other waft grounds of this manor and parifh, if inclofed, 
would yeald above 1 500'!- per Ann, wherin is verified the obfervation of many wife 
men, That the more large the waft grounds of a manor are, the poorer are the in- 
habitants ; fuch comon grounds, cofnons, or waft grounds, vfed as comonly they 
are, and as heere I knowe they are, yeild not the 5 th part of their true value, drawe 
many poore people from other places, burden the townfhip with beggerly Cotages, 
Inmates, and Alehoufes, and idle people; where the greater part fpend moft of 
their daies in a lazy idlenes and petite theeveries, and fewe or none in profitable 
labour: And I am perfwaded, that amongft other motives, this hath byn one, and 
yet is, and none of the leaft, why kinge James and the kinge that nowe is have 
reduced into feveralty and into fmaller parcells let to private mens vfes, and farmers 
therof, foe many of their fforrefts, Chafes, and wild and waft grounds in moft fhires 
of the kingdome, as they have done, to the private benefit of themfelves and the 
generall good of the Comon wealth, both in the breed of ferviceable men and 
fubieifts, and of afwerable eftates and abillities ; wheras now, not one of theis 
beggars, lazy and idle people, thus livinge and bred, are any waies vfefull or fervice- 
able in any kinde : And what you my fonne John doe nowe in this prefent month 
and yeare of Auguft 1639. obferve in the forreft of Deane, nowe in difafforreftinge 
and in convertinge to better private profitts, wherin as a Comiffioner I vnderftand 
yow are imployed, in the very houre and day wherin I write this page, your after 
yeares and riper obfervations will more pregnantly appeare and informe you. 

I cahot but remember, in comparinge times paft with times and practice 
prefent, That to this Church the bifhop of Worcefter, in whofe dioceffe the fame then 
was, did in nono regis Johis A . 1207. As his Regifter fhewes, admit to this Church 
Walter Berton, to hold the fame duringe the minority of Symon de Berkeley Clerke, 
with the cuftody of the faid Simon then an infant in the meane time, and then the 
faid Simon to bee Rector there, who was prefented by Robert lord Berkeley afore- 
mentioned, patron therof. Of which church fee the Rot. finium. 17. H. 6. membr. 2. 
in the tower of London. 

CJ)C tutelary Saint to whofe honour this Church was built and dedicated, was 
S! John the Evangelift ; As in the Bifhops Regifter at Worcefter in a° 1425. in 
4. 1 1. 6. vpon the admiffion of John Horton to this Church and Rectory, appeares. 









^limbribge 329 

tycttc alfo was a Chappie and Chantry founded by Thomas lord Berkeley the 
third of that name, in the hamblet of Cambridge, wherto hee prefented till the diffo- 
lution therof in 1. E. 6 ; wherof read more in Cambridge, in fol : 143. 

$oU)Ctocr, the tradition of the herbe called Bloudwort, growinge only in the 
feild called Southworthy, als Succerdy, bee fayned by the inhabitants, who avowe 



yet the hiftory of that bloud there fpilt, is true, That in the raigne of 
yeares before the Norman conqueft, 



In this parifh hath longe continued the family of the Knights, men of meane ranke, 
of whom 4. lineall generations of well proportioned men are remembred to have 
had five fingers and a thumbe on each hand ; And tradition afcends to former of 
their Anceftors. | 

'Xuioimiiijjr to the north part of this parifh of Slimbridge, parted by a fmall 328 
river, is the parifh of fframpton vpon Severne in the hundred of Whitftane, nowe Arundle" "^ 
the inheritance of Humphry Hooke a marchant of Briftoll, lately by him purchafed 
of John Arundle of Lanheron Efq^ ; the old inheritance of Richard Clifford and of 
Robert the fonne of Pagan ; which Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that name 
in 31. and 32. E. 1. purchafed of them, And after by his deed and a fyne therof 
levied in ^2- E. 1. regranted in fee farme to the faid Robert the fonne of Pagan 
and to I fable his wife (one of the two filters and coheires of the faid Richard 
Clifford,) and to the heires of the body of the faid Robert ; Refervinge the old 
yearly rent of two and twenty marks, then beinge the true value of that manor ; 
As by the deeds therof and fyne in Berkeley caftle appeareth : A rent conftantly 
paid to this day, 1639, to George lord Berkeley heire male to the faid lord Thomas: 
which John Arundle who aliened to Humphry Hooke aforefaid, was fonne of Sir 
John Arundle, fonne of Sir John Arundle, fonne of Sir John Arundle, fonne of 
Sir Thomas Arundle, fonne of Sir John Arundle and of Katherine his wife, 
daughter and coheire of Sir John Chideocke, fonne of Sir John Chideocke, fonne of 
Sir John Chideocke and of Ifable his wife, daughter and heire of Robert fit3 Paine, 

fonne 

2 U VOL. Ill 



33° ^unorrti of 25crhdcp 

fonne of the aforefaid Robert the fonne of Pagan ats fit3 Pain and of I fable his 
wife, the Conuzees 1 in the faid fyne levied in 33. E. 1. as is aforefaid. 

Betweene which John Arundle that I fuppofe yet liveth, who aliened to 
Humphry Hooke, and Henry lord Berkeley, who dyed in 11. Jacobi, And the lord 
George Berkeley his grandchilde and heire, and their feverall tenants of the faid 
Manors of Slimbridge and fframpton, concerninge grounds newe gayned from and 
leaft by the river of Severne, called the newe warth and the newe gotten grounds, 
for coriion of pafture claymed theron by the inhabitants of Slimbridge and fframpton, 
divers great and tedious futes from 7° Jacobi for 10. yeares after, in the Courts of 
Kings bench, Comon pleas, Chancery, Court of Wards, and Starchamber, have 
byn multiplied ; wherin the lord Berkeleis two farmors, Arnold Oldifworth and 
George Thorpe Efquires, were fomtimes pi 1 ? and fomtimes defend'?; And you 
Wittm Archard may remember, That after fuch time as my felfe had by their 
affignement a third part from them, who at that time had not fo much legall know- 
ledge betweene them both, as I knowe at this time you have, though otherwife 
two prudent men ; I did direct you (out of the confidence I had in the vnion of 
poffeffion in Thomas lord Berkeley of thofe two Manors of Slimbridge and fframp- 
ton, then in him, fimul et femel, therby extinguifhinge the Coffion of moft of 
fframpton tenants,) to take a diftreffe vpon the old warth ; which accordingly you 
impounded at Slimbridge, (I havinge not longe before found the faid Deeds and 
fine of 31. et 33. E. 1. and enabled my felfe with the knowledge of the pedegree 
of the feoffees,) relatinge at that time to you, that if the inhabitants of fframpton 
had noe right of Comon vpon the old warth, though they had longe'vfed the fame, 
much leffe could they vpon thofe grounds (which wee had then lately inclofed) 
called the newe warth and new grounds, which had not 40. yeares then before 
(remembred by many hundreds of men and women then livinge,) byn caft togeather 
and left by the river of Severne, efpecially by removinge of her channell, as often 
times it vfeth ; it beinge then remembred (even by my felfe) when a great part 
of thofe grounds were the body and maine part of the channell it felfe and the 
deepeft part therof : which after longe and curious pleadings (as your felfe knoweth.) 
fped foe well that you recovered and had Colts ; And after did once or twice dif- 
traine againe with like fucceffe, as the Records heerafter expreffed doe witneffe : 
Which A6ls of yours and mine, (efpecially your firft diftreffe,) how diflikinge foever 
at firft to my two partners, yet they brought peace, more then either Chancery 
orders or decrees in the court of Wards ; And foe cooled the great heate of fframp- 
ton 
1 For meaning, fee ante. "Lives of the Berkeleys," Vol. II., p. 52 n. 









£lim&ri&ge 331 

ton Inhabitants, that they have permitted thofe our enclofures to | ftand quiet to 329 
this day. a° 1639. 

<3To recompence which great troubles and expences that amounted to — 1500'!- 
for my part alone, In the laft 10 or 12 yeares, are 300 acres at leaft more of fand 
heapes caft togeather at the lower end of the faid new grounds, and leaft by another 
remove of the Channell in that part ; which 3. yeares nowe laft pait began to beare 
weedes and graffe, And daily (by my Cribs and other fortifications to preferve and 
better it) foe bettereth it felfe, that it is more then likely to become in fewe yeares 
a fruitfull pafture ; Noe other feare therof nowe left mee, but leaft Severne in her 
rage weare it away againe ; To prevent which I doe yearly fortify as you knowe : 
An old courfe which in that part of this parifh of Slimbridge this River hath kept, 
witnes the Record in the Tower of London of Rot. Claus. 18. H. 3. membr. 22, 
which fhewes, that it was found by Jury, That that part of land in Slimbridge called The old warth. 
the warth, w ch was claymed by the Townfiiips of Slimbridge and Aure one againft 
the other, did belonge to Slimbridge and not to Aure ; becaufe before the water of 
Severne did weare away that ground, caftinge it to Aure feilds, it was part of Slim- 
bridge arrable and pafture feilds ; And nowe beinge worne away from Aure and 
caft to Slimbridge feilds againe, it ought to bee pafture belonginge to Slimbridge : 
And thervpon a writt was awarded to the Sheriffe of this County of Glouc, to give 
the lord Berkeley feizin therof accordingly. 

3M tOUCfthtCC an Affife tried at Gloucefter Affifes in 11. H. 4. wherin Thomas Warth. 
lord Berkeley was pit againft William Tefte John Doppinge the elder and John 
Cooke, (three of the principall inhabitants of fframpton,) for diffeizinge him of 600. 
acres of land in Slimbridge, beinge his freehold : which vpon Not guilty pleaded 
was tryed by Jury againft them, and they found to have diffeifed him ; I have not 
further informed my felfe therof, Then that the Record (fhewinge foe much) was, 
by James lord Berkeley nephewe and heire male of this manor to the faid lord 
Thomas in 15. H. 6, exemplified vnder Seale, which is in Berkeley Caftle ; what 
time I fuppofe other newe futes were about the foile of this warth, or comon of 
pafture claymed by fframpton men vpon the fame. 

3.11 this parifh of Slimbridge are certaine lands and tenements called Teftes, Bramwich lands 
containinge about 40 acres, late the inheritance of Edward Bramwich of fframpton a * B Teftes. 
aforefaid, in the right of Margaret his wife; by whom hee had iffue Ifaack 
Bromwich that nowe is, the faid Margaret beinge nowe remaryed to William 

Sheppard, 
2 u 2 



332 i^unbrcb of 55ethricp 

Sheppard, who was daughter and heire of ffrancis Codrington Efq^ ; fomtime the 
lands of John Clifford, father of Alice maried to William Tefte, (one of the def ts in 
the faid affife brought by Thomas lord Berkeley in n. H. 4. aforefaid ;) betweene 
which Witim and Alice was iffue Laurence Tefte Efq^, who died in 22. H. 7, And 
by Jone his wife left iffue John Tefte, who dyed the fame yeare of his father with- 
out iffue, and Giles Tefte was his brother and heire, who died alfo without iffue in 
34. H. 8. leavinge Grace, Margaret, and Mary, his three fitters and heires ; Which 
Mary was maried to ffrancis Codrington Efq^, who died in 4. Mar. To whom all 
theis lands were conveyed ; And left iffue Giles Codringto who dyed in 23. Eliz., 
and was father of ffrancis Codrington who died in 24. Eliz. the yeare after his 
father, and leaft iffue the faid Margaret only ; firft maried to Edward Bramwich, 
and fecondly to Witim Sheppard, as firft aforefaid : And are holden of George lord 
Berkeley as of this his manor of Slimbridge by fute to his hundred Court of Berke- 
ley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — 27 s io d but whether in 
Socage or by knight fervice I yet knowe not. | 

330 The aforefaid pedegree and what is before written is taken out of the Evidences 

of the faid Edward Bramwich, and out of theis Records followinge, with fome Court 
Rolls in Berkeley Caftle. See in Cowley, fol : 164. 

Rot. pardon. 11. E. 4. made to Lawrance Tefte, civi et pannario London, 

ats de fframpton fup Sabrinam. 
Inq : 2. H. 8. p! mortem Laurencij Tefte jPdci. 
Inq : 34. H. 8. p' mortem Egidij Tefte. 

Inq : 4. & 5. Ph : & Mar. ps. 1. p\ mortem ffrancifci Codrington. 
Inq: 23. Eliz. p' mortem Egidij Codrington. 
Inq : 24. Eliz : p'. morte ffrancifci Codrington. 

Harnfdalcs land tytttC alfo in this parifh of Slimbridge are divers lands and tenements late held 

ats Smithes ats in Conion by vndevided moities, of Witim Smyth ats Barnfdale, Doctor of phificke, 
who died in 6'? Jacobi, fonne of Henry : And by Benedict Tyffon, fonne of John : 
nowe in a° 1639. the inheritance of Anne wife of Sir James Stonehoufe knight, 
daughter and heire of the faid Witim Smyth ats Barnfdall, And of John Gilman, 
and of Richard Powell in right of his wife, And of Richard Nicholas; 

wherof the one moity was the ancient land of the fframilods, of whom Simon 
fframilode lived in the time of kinge H 3. After the lands of Thomas de fframilode, 
and of Edward de fframilode, fonne of John, and after of John fframilode fonne of 
Richard ; And after of Thomas Lewis ; And after of Richard Gilman, who died 

li. H. 8. 



£Iimbri&8c 333 

31. H. 8, the one of whofe two daughters and heires called Alice had the wholl 
moity conveyed to her from her father, and was maryed to John Tyffon, father of 
Brian Tyffon who dyed without iffue, wherby that moity difcended to Agnes the 
other daughter and coheire of the faid Richard Gilman, maryed to the faid Henry 
Smyth ats Barnfdale aforefaid : And is held of George lord Berkeley by knight 
fervice, heriot fervice, Sute to the hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 
3. weekes, And by the moity of the yearly rent of — 13* 6? 

^tf)C other moity of the faid lands and tenements were parcell of the poffeffions 
of a Chantry in Cirencefter called Jfticf)artJ£ <Ci)flntrp, w ch after the diffolution therof 
in 1. E. 6. came to John Vaughan, And nowe or late of Benedict Tyffon aforefaid, 
fonne of John Tyffon, brothers fonne and heire of Brian Tyffon of the fathers fide : 
And payeth the other moity of the faide cheife rent of — 13* 6 d but is holden of the 
kinge in free focage. 

#f theis lands called fframilobfg fandg ats ScfcDgCjG? Iant>£, fee an Inq : in 31. 

H. 8. the third bundle, virtute officij, after the death of the faid Richard Gilman, 
very full for the pedegree. 

And an excellent Court Roll in a paper booke, holden for the manor of Hurft 
in 1. R. 3. after the death of Eliz : late the wife of the forefaid Richard fframilode ; 
Heriot; Serviciu militare ; Wardfhip. 

Rot. Paten. 7. E. 3. pars. 1. dorfo, in the Tower. 

Edwardus de fframilode et Alicia vxor eius arraiii affifa verfus Richardum 
Phelips et Katherinam vxorem eius, de teiitis in Slimbridge, Kingfton, Gofington, 
et Iweley, in two futes. 

Cart Roll there, 42. E. 3. Edward de fframilode fonne and heire of John 
fframilode. | 

Court Rolls of Slimbridge and Hurft, 6 to Jacobi p! mortem Willimi Smyth ats 331 
Barnfdale. — per fervicium militare. 

'F'poit the death of Sir James Stonehoufe in 15. Regis Caroli, to whofe vfe his 
wife Anne had conveyed her part of theis lands nowe worth-50'V p Ann ; A releife 
of — 12* 6 d . after the rate of the 8'! 1 part of a knights fee was paid by Thomas Davis 

the 



334 



Bottillers lands 

Batts & Knights 

land. 



i!Junt>rc& of 25crhdcp 

the Reeve of the Manor of Slimbridge, vpon his Accompt for that yeare, Soe 
proportioned to bee holden for the quantity of the tenure for the time to come ; 
and were then in the occupacon of Eleanor Gilman, Robert ffrape, John Biford, and 
William Davis ; Of which lands a fine was by Sir James levied in Hillary terme 
17° Jacobi, for a confirmacon of a leafe of part of theis lands then made to Thomas 
Davis, father of the faid William 

3i!t this Manor of Slimbridge is alfo one ancient freehold confiftinge of a 
meffuage and halfe a yard land, which Alice the widowe of Maurice lord Berkeley 
the firft of that name, daughter of the faid Roger Berkeley of Durfeley in the time 
of kinge R. 1. (then a widowe, for her hufband Maurice died in 1. R. 1.) gave to 
Elias the fonne of Toki her Nurfe, and his heires, by Deed in theis words, vz, 






Common in the 
warth. 



3!t appeareth by a Decree in Chancery dated 12° Novembr. a° 32° H. 8. 
wherin Thomas Woodward and other the inhabitants of Slimbridge and fframpton 
were pits, againft Edward Trotmah and John Bower Def ts , vpon the examinacon 
of very many witneffes ; That noe man havinge any eftate within thofe Townfhips of 
Slimbridge and fframpton might put any bead or fheepe to coiiion in the warth, 
vnles hee lived himfelfe within one of thofe townihips. 

» 

Which Cuftome was againe confirmed by another Decree in Chancery had by 
confent, bcaringe date 12° Julij a 38. Eliz : wherin Thomas Heminge and Wittm 
Hcnnis with other the Inhabitants of Slimbridge and fframpton were pits, againft 
Sir Henry Winfton and Sir John Pointz knights, with others, Def" | 



332 fyCCtC alfo in Slimbridge is a meffuage and 10. acres of land meadowe and 

Davies land late p a ft ure therto belonmnije, nowe the inheritance of Robert Davies, fonne of Thomas 

Ludbies. l b & - 

Of old, the Priors Davis of Hurft, which the faid Robert about 10" Caroli, purchafed of Simon Munden ; 

of Si Ofwalds. to wnom Simon Ludby in 7 Caroli by his will devifed the lame in fee; fomtime 

belonginge to the priory of S! Ofwalds in Glouc, But of whom or by what fervice 

the fame are holden, 1 knowe not; ffor which lands fee an Inquilition found alter 

the death of the faid Simon Ludby in ;° Caroli. 

Dccrc 



£linibri&gc 



335 



j^CCrc alfo in Slimbridge is a meffuage and fix acres of land, now the inheri- Davies land ; late 
tance of Robert Davis of Hurft, called Woodhoufe, which Simon Ludby purchafed coheires of 
of John Huntley and Margaret his wife, Edmond Monileux and Vrfula his wife, Sydenham. 
and Pointz Mill and Elizabeth his wife, daughters and coheires of John Sydenham 
Efc^ ; And of one acre in the little moore purchafed of Andrewes : And 

which the faid Simon Ludby by his will in 7° Caroli devifed in fee to his kinfman 
Richard Munden, of whom the faid Robert Davis of late purchafed the fame ; And 
are holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hurft by fealty and fute of 
Court to that manor. 

ffor which fee an Office found in 7. Regis Caroli, after the death of the faid 
Simon Ludby. And of old the land of 



J^CCtC alfo in Slimbridge is one other ancient freehold containinge a meffuage Davis land, 



and 32. acres of land, nowe in a° 1639. the inheritance of Robert Davis of Hurft, 
which hee in July 1634. a° 10. Rf Caroli, purchafed of Thomas Veel Efquire, fonne 
and heire of. Nicholas Veel Efq^ ; who in 19° Jacobi, (with other lands) by his deed 
inrolled with the Cuftos Rotulorum of this County, purchafed of Nicholas Bridges, 
a younger fonne of Richard Bridges, then of Combe; To which Nicholas the faid 
Richard his father in 17° Jacobi gave the fame in fee : And which the faid Richard 
Bridges (amongft other lands) in 26 Eliz : purchafed of Woolworth ats Webbe : 
And which the faid Wittm by fyne levied in Eafter Terme a° 6'.° Eliz : and other 
affurances in 5. et 6. Eliz : p\T, purchafed of Robert Hurd and Alice his wife, fifter 
and heire of Thomas Woodward, fonne and heire of John Woodward. — 



late Bridges : 
before Woodwards 



And are holden of George Lord Berkeley as of his Manor of Came, by knight 
fervice, fuite to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekf to 3. weekes, And 
by the yearely rent of — 17? 4^ To which manor of Came the faid Cheife rent is 
paid J 



CI)C jtffiit) Robert Davis holdeth alfo certaine other lands in this parifh of 333 



Slimbridge in the tithinge of Hurft, containinge about acres, which hee in 

Caroli regis purchafed of Simon Munden, who had two parts therof by the 
will of Simon Ludby in [7 ] Caroli, whofe widowe the faid Robert Davis hath 
fithence maried ; fonne of David Ludby, fonne of Simon Ludby, fonne of 

Ludby 



Ludbies land, 
nowe Davies. 



336 



^unoreb of 25crkclcp 

Ludby, whofe anceftors had longe held the fame : And alfo purchafed the other 
third part of John Coxe, fonne and heire of Elizabeth., and of Mawde Ludby, 
fifters of the faid David Ludby and heires at the coiiion lawe to the faid Simon the 
Devifor, which to them difcended after his death by reafon of the tenure, which is 
of George lord Berkeley as of his Manor of by knight fervice, and 

; ffor which fee an Inqu : found after the 
death of the faid Simon Ludby in 7° Caroli, wherin the tenure is found to bee as 
aforefaid. 



Frapes land : 3ti£0 in this parifh Edward ffrape (and others as after followeth,) holdeth a 

ffowlers! meffuage and 10. acres of land, which hee in Caroli Rf p r chafed of Henry 

ffowlar of Stonehoufe, And hee in 43° Eliz : of Thomas Curnocke and Jone his 
wife, and of William Richford ats Rochford and Alice his wife, daughters and co- 
heires of James Tailer, fecond fonne of Wittm Taylor ; which William alfo leaft 
iffue John father of William, that dyed in his minority without iffue : which faid 
Wittm father of John and James purchafed the faid meffuage and land of John 
Longe of Came in 33 H. 8. fonne and heire of Richard Longe, fonne [and heire 
of Wittm Longe, who in purchafed the fame of Richard fframelode 

and others : And are holden of this Manor of Slimbridge by fute of Court to the 
hundred of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, the yearly rent of — 12 s . iol 
And— 

Of which land Richard Pegler holdeth one acre in Cames feild, w c . h hee purchafed 
of the faid Robert ffrape, who bought it of John Wilkens, And paieth — 10? of the 
faid cheife rent of — 12 s io d 

See for this the Court Rolls of Slimbridge, 44. Eliz : and 43. Eliz. rent 12* io*! 



Rowies Court. tyttXC alfo is an ancient meffuage called Rolls Court with 100. acres of land of 

late therto belonginge, the inheritance of George lord Berkeley, reputed as beinge 
the manor houfe or Capitall meffuage of the faid Lords manor of Sages, lyinge 
within this parifh of Slimbridge : By many heertofore conceived to bee the meffuage 
called Sages place, or Sages court, but vndoubtedly is not, for that was in Hurft, 
nowe wholly decaied, As by a Deed in E. 3. time, in Berkeley caftle appeares. 
This Manor of ^flgCJf, called alfo Sages land of Sages livelode, was the old in- 
heritance of the family of the Sages, And was in 18. E. 3. purchafed by Thomas 
then lord Berkeley of John Sage, then of the value of — 17" p ann : whofe ancient 
poffeffions foe faftened the name, that it continueth to this day, 1639. | 



^lim&ribgc 337 

9In payment of the fifteenth or Tenth when the fame is granted by parliament, 334 
The onus or charge in the Exchequer is — ii 1 '.- 8" 5 d ob\ c^, The deduction is — ffi 'teene. 
3'v 10 s The Remanet paid into the Exchequer is — 7 1 .' 18? 5 d ob. q^. 

5fn the laft Subfedy in 5'.° Caroli were 25. fubfedy men, who paid — io'i- 12' 8 d . Subfedy. 

3fn a° 6 t0 Jacobi, vpon a generall mufter, were in this parifh — 116. able men Able men - 
ferviceable for the warres, betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, which appeared before 
Henry lord Berkeley Leiutenant of this County. 

<H>f trayned Souldiers vnder William Thorpe Efq^ their captaine, are 7. corflets Souldiers. 
and 1 2. mufketts. 

SClttl if the wholl Divifion of Berkeley bee in any tax to the kinge rated at — Rates, 
ioo'l , Therof this hundred of Berkeley paies — i,^': 3'; And this of Slimbridge, — 35? 

% toill conclude what more I intend of this manor or parifh of Slimbridge, Exchequer fuite 
with a late Exchequer fute brought in the name of the kinge by Sf John Bankes jy S r ° unds - 
his Matf Attorney generall, and profecuted by Sir Sackvile Crowe Barronet and 
others, againft the faid George Lord Berkeley my felfe and others, as followeth ; 
The defence wherof I only vndertooke, though fomwhat to the diflike of my fellowe 
defendants, as yee knowe : And how I endeavoured therin, almofl beyond my 
health, yee both may well remember, havinge therin the affiftance of one of you in 
counfell at the Barre, And of the other in the Court with mee in marfhallinge of 
my evidences, which were more then my life had formerly feene in any other tryall ; 
yet have I beene at tryalls (quarum pars magna fui,) which have in delivery of 
Evidence lafted more then 8. houres at the barre ; The foundation of this fuite was 
thus laid and begun. 

25cforc the faid Sir Sackvile Crowe, Sir Bainham Throkmerton. Barronetts, 
and ffrancis Smyth, (who made themfelves Comiffioners, taken out alfo and follicited 
by themfelves,) which bare date the 21 th of July, A° 13° Rf Caroli, with 6. articles 
of inftruclions therto anexed ; It was the 6'! 1 of September next after, a? 1637, 
before them and one John Taylor of Briftoll, (one of their fellowe farmers of the 
kings iron workes in the forreft of Deane,) by a Jury (moft ptially by their meanes 
returned,) at Newenham, prefented ; That a parcell of ground within the parifh of 
Slimbridge called the Newe inclofed grounds, containinge by eftimacon two hun- 
dred 

2 x VOL. Ill 



;38 ®unbrcb of 23crhricp 

dred acres, adioyninge and abuttinge vpon fframptons pill on the North, And vpon 
the regall river of Severne on the weft, &c. within 40. yeares then laft, was flymy 
and muddy ground, and parcell of the great and coihon regall river of Severne, and 
covered with the water therof ; and wheron the water of the faid River had, time 
out of minde, vfed to Howe and reflowe: Et quod fjdce ducenta? acre vfq^ tunc, fuit 
coiiiune navigium, et cohlunis navium, naviculorum et cimbarum tranfitus pro oibus 
fubditis regni Anglie, prout in alto mari. And that within the faid 40. yeares, the 
faid 200. acres, per dereliclione aqua? ab eifdem, became dry. And within 30. 
yeares laft were inclofed and imbanked from the fea, And were in the poffeffion of 
335 rny felfe, but by what right or title they of the Jury knew not, and | were worth by 
the yeare two hundred markes. 

And the faid Jury then further prefented, that one other parcell of land lyinge 
in the faid parifh, called the Dumballs, newe gayned grounds, containinge by 
eftimacon thirty acres (indeed 300. acres,) lyinge at the end or point of the newe 
warth, were within twenty yeares laft flymy and muddy grounds, and parcell of the 
great and cofnon river and regall water of Severne and covered with the fame, 
vntill what time the fea time out of minde had ufed to Howe and reflowe, &c. as 
before ; and were alfo in the tenure of my felfe, but by what right or title they of 
the Jury knewe not ; and that every acre therof was worth — v' And the better to 
lay this their foundation, the Depofitions of 1 2. witneffes (by the faid Comiffioners 
privately taken) were returned with the faid comiffion and Inquifition, into the office 
of the kings renibrancer in the Exchequer : Wherto in Eafter terme followinge, 
A? 14. Regis Caroli, I pleaded, That the firft of October a? vndecimo Jacobi, Henry 
lord Berkeley was feized in fee of the manor of Berkeley, wherof the faid 200. 
acres and the faid 30. acres are parcell, And that hee, the 26'. h of November, Anno 
vndecimo pdco, died therof feized, And that the faid Manor of Berkeley difcended 
to the faid George lord Berkeley his grandchilde and heire, who entred, and was 
feized, And the firft of Auguft a° 10. Rf Caroli, demifed to mee, to hold at Will, 
&c. Abfck hoc, quod. &c. ; traverfinge all the materiall points aforefaid, mentioned 
in the faid Inquifition : which to this day foe refteth. 

25ut in Hillary terme before, next after the returne of the faid Inquificon, his 
Matf Atturney generall exhibited an Information of Intrufion againft the faid 
George Lord Berkeley, Elizabeth Longe widowe, my felfe, and John Dryver my 
tenant to all the faid grounds, for intrudinge therinto and keepinge the poffeffion 
therof from the kinge, from the laft of Aprill A° 1° Rf Caroli, to the time of y e 

exhibitinge 



,£»limbritigc 339 

exhibitinge of this informacon. I only followed the caufe takinge the fole care 
therof ; And after much ftruglinge, at laft (as divers orders of Court doe witneffe 
and affidavits made,) obtained to plead the generall iffue — Not guilty : And not 
fpetially, as was much laboured for vs to have done ; which by M r Hall our 
Attorney in the faid Eafter Terme wee did : wherin, and in Trinity terme follow- 
inge, many orders vpon motions on either fide were made, cheifely concerninge a 
tryall to bee by Jury at the barre the fame Trinity terme : which was foe ordered 
by the Court, with my confent, to bee : The like Information of Intrufion was then 
alfo for the faid 30. acres called the Dumballs newe gained grounds ; And the like 
plea of — Not guilty, pleaded : which to this day foe refteth ; ffor his Ma"" Atturny 
generall would only in that Trinity terme trye the faid Iffue for the 200. acres, as 
by Order appeareth. 

3fi lJ ur P was m tne end of Whitfonweeke in the vacation betweene thofe two 
termes returned by Sir Robert Pointz high Sheriffe, preffed for favour therin by 
fpeciall tres and meffengers fent to him on purpofe, but hee dealt moft iuftly therin: 
Thofe of the Jury foe by him and M^ Hooper his Vnderfheriffe thus returned, 
which that Trinity terme appeared, were; Thomas Hickes of Cromhall gen, 
Thomas Walter of Horfeild gen, Thomas Hearinge of Elberton gen, Wittm 
Kemis of Wickwarr gen, Thomas Morgan of Lidney Efq.,, Edward Morfe of 
Deane magna gen, John Winiat of Dimocke gen, Grombald Pancefoote of Newent 
gen, Adam Bainham of Yate gen, Wittm Whittington of Coldafton gen, Edward 
Thurfton of Thornbury gen, and Thomas Crifpe of Marflifeld gen. ; which 12. 
were fworne for tryall of the iffue : foure others alfo appeared, vz, Stephen ffowler 
of Stonehoufe gen, John Sandford S'. Leonard geii, John Howe of Caffies Compton 
Efq^, and Robert Hall of Arlington gen, but the Jury filled before, for noe one was 
challenged on either fide: The pits extraordinary confidence | would not fuffer him, 33& 
And my knowledge of the great abillity and vnderftandinge of the whole pannell 
tooke from mee all thought therof. 

ffor the kinge nyne witneffes were fworne, who depofed all the materiall points 
in the Informacon and Inquificon ; And were the fame (almoft all) that were 
examined at the Comiffion of Newenham before Sir Sackvile and his fellowe 
Comiffions, who nowe fhewed themfelves openly to bee parties and intereffed : And 
proved further, That a great part of the 200. acres was the channell of the river in 
that place at lowe water, which was not further denyed, neither more replyed to 
them then that they were very poore men, and of leffe reputation. In the time of 

their 

2x2 



34Q J&unorco of 25erhrfep 

their depofitions Theis thinges were touched by the kings Counfell, who were 7 at 
the barre, the ableft of the kingdome ; wherof my felfe and others for mee tooke 
notice, viz ; 

1. That the kinge hath Admiralls Jurifdiccbn in the place where the 200. acres 
doe lye. 

2. That the kinge hath royall fifhes in Severne, in iure Coronae. 

3. That the kinge hath waives and wreckes in Severne. 

4. That Severne is a paffage for the kings fhipps. 

5. That it floweth and refloweth with fait water more then 20 miles beyond 
the 200 acres in queftion. 

6. That Severne is meta forefbx de Dene, and therfore integre pertinet dno 
regi. 

7. That all which the fea overfloweth by its ordinary fpringe tides belongs to 
the kinge : ffor the Sea is more worthy then the land on w ch it lyeth : As by the 
grant of a wood, the foile doth paffe ; And though it lye dry when the tide is out, 
yet it is abfurd to fay that that fhould alter the property from the kinge, who caiiot 
bee barred but by matter of Record, or by prefcription, which doth prefuppofe a 
grant from the kinge. 

8. Thofe things which are flotinge on the fea, or the Armes or branches 
therof, as wreckes, &c. are the kings ; a fortiori, that which is fixed, as the foile. 

9. Every thinge in the fea and in the royall Armes and branches therof, are 
the kings ; And theis newe rifen grounds is a part of the revenue of the fea, and 
participates of the nature of the Sea. 

10. That all fhoares and foiles within any port belonge to the kinge ; And that 
there is noe fhore in the kingdome but is within one port or other ; Witnes an 
ancient Exchequer booke. 

11. That land gained from the fea, is as land gained from an enemy: And 
therfore if the kinge fhould recover Callis, thofe which had former right have loft 
it; The like in royall Armes and branches, as of this in Severne. 

12. That 



12. That the fea is the bounds of the kingdome, and all bounds belonge to the 
kinge, as the bounds of a fforreft doe. 

13. That which noe Subiecl can clayme is the kings alone, for the lawe alloweth 
noe Comunity ; And that ground not yet rifen forfaken or caft togeather by the 
fea, is not (as may bee faid) as yet to bee in rerum natura. 

14. If a fubiecl fhould have a great fea which is after drayned, hee fhall have 
the foile, And the kinge muft not bee in worfe cafe then the fubiecl. 

15. That the fubiecl: hath in all ages taken grants from the kinge of fuch lands 
foe gayned, as this in queftion, Ergo, the Kinges : And that it can bee noe part 
of any manor borderinge theron, as in the Inquificon it is found. 

16. The cafe of Sutton marfh, which a fewe Termes part had received a Judge- 
ment in this Court, was not forgotten, with the reafons therof, by my adverfe 

counfell. j 

<£>f my counfell were M r Piatt of Cirencefter, M r Lenthall, M' Tempeft, 337 
M r Hall, and you my fonne. 

IBljCtl the kings witneffes had fpoken all they could, and more then was true, 
or they knewe : M r Piatt who was well inftrucled both at feverall Conferences of 
my Counfell togeather, and at his chamber, and on whom I moft relyed, ftated the 
cafe, to this effecl ; vz, 

1. That the manor of Berkeley was originally granted to the progenitors of 
the nowe def' George Lord Berkeley by the charter of kinge H. 2. in theis words, 
vz, Berkelei et totam Berkelei Herneffe, manerium fctt, cum oibus appendicijs fuis, 
in aquis, in placitis, et in omnibus rebus et eventibus : vnder which and the feverall 
Confirmacons of divers his Matf progenitors, And by a fyne levied in 23. E. 3. by 
Thomas then lord Berkeley, the fame was derived to William Lord Berkeley, 
created Marques Berkeley, who in 4. H. 7. levied a fyne therof, with a Render to 
himfelfe in tayle, the Remainder to kinge H. 7. and the heires males of his body, 
the Remainder to the right heires of the faid Marques Berkeley. That for want 
of iffue of the faid Marqueffe it remained to kinge H. 7., And for want of iffue male 
of the body of kinge H. 7. it reverted in primo Mariae to Henry lord Berkeley, 
whofe grandchilde and heire the nowe lord Berkeley is. 

2. That 



34* J^un&rcb of 25erfericp 

2. That this manor of 23crfetfcp i s a great Manor and a Barony, extendinge 
it felfe as large as the hundred of Berkeley ; And fomtimes included the inferior 
manors of Hill and Arlingham, and ftill includes the inferior and reputed manors 
of Hame, Hinton, and Slimbridge, which five are borderinge vpon Severne for 8. 
miles in length ; And alfo it includeth 16. other inferior manors, lyinge vpwards in 
the hundred of Berkeley. 

3. That the River of Severne at the 200. acres in queftion, and all alonge 
the coafts of the great manor of Berkeley, and the bankes, fhoares, fands, rocks, 
Channell, and foile of the faid river of Severne, vnto the middle of the Channell, 
called filum aquae, belongeth to the faid lord Berkeley, and is parcell of his faid 
great manor of Berkeley, and of the faid inferior Manors of Hame, Hinton, Slim- 
bridge, &c. And therfore the 200. acres in queftion, although fomtimes part of the 
fhoare or chanell of Severne, belongeth to the lord Berkeley, and is parcell of his 
faid Manors. And this (quoth hee) is our title. 

1. Ct)C courfe of our proofe (faid hee) fhall bee thus ; ffirft, That the river of 
Severne dividinge (by her Channell) the manor of Berkeley from the Manors on 
the other fide the river is fuch, That the fame is capable of private property or 
ownerfhip, afwell as any other Inland or private river ; And foe the firft and fecond 
charges of the Informacon falles. 

2. That as this river of Severne is capable of private property, Soe, de facto, 
the faid river, the foile, fands, fhore, Channell, and rockes, vfq^ ad filum aquae, to the 
middle of the ftreame or Chanell, have byn in all ages (as for 500. yeares and 
more wee fhall proove by more then 1000. peeces of Evidence), poffeffed held 
and enioyed by the Lords of the great Manor of Berkeley : and the Lords of all 
other Manors above belowe and over againft the fame, as parcell of their faid 
Manors. 

3tllD for the firft general! of our proofe, namely ; That the River of Severne 
where it divides the manors of Berkeley, Hame, Hinton, Slimbridge, &c. from the 
manors on the other fide, and farre belowe the fame, is in the nature of a private 
and inland river, and therfore capable of private property or ownerfhip, And that 
it is not part of the fea, &c. thus, 

1. That this river at the place in queftion is about 120. miles diftant from the 
fea, havinge on this lide the counties of Glouc Monmouth and Glamorgan, through 

all 



all which the river paffeth before it venteth itfelfe into the fea, or lofeth its name of 
Severne. | 

2. That this river at the place in queftion is above 40. miles by the water 338 
above any of the kings Ports, the neereft wherof is Briftoll and Kingrode. 

3. That this River is not paffable for any fhipps of burden betweene King- 
rode, lyinge 40. miles belowe, and the place in queftion ; Neither is this river 
navigable or paffable at the higheft fpringe tides at the place in queftion, nor for 
many miles belowe, other then with flat bottomed barges, as at Henley vpon 
Thames. 

4. That this river at the place in queftion and for many miles belowe, is not 
foe broad at lowe water, as Thames is at Henley, neither doth it vent halfe foe 
much water : And is paffable and fordable over in the fofner times without danger 
vnder the midd thighes of a man : yea, this yeare, a wayne with oxen was driven 
over. 

5. That by reafon of the flatnes and levelnes of the ground, and lightnes of 
the fand and foile, in and about the place in queftion, the river doth often by in- 
fenfible degrees remove its channell, and accordingly doth benefit or preiudice the 
lands adioyninge ; And that the river vfually changeth its courfe once in 20. yeares 
at leaft. 

6. That the middle of the Chanell at lowe water towards which fide or fhoare, 
on this or the further fide foever it bee, ever hath byn and ft 111 is accompted the 
mete and boundery of the parifhes, manors, townfhips, and liberties : And alfo 
the bound of the forreft of Dene, on this fide, per medium aquae Sabrinae, or per 
filum aquae, which are both of one fenfe. 

7. That the perambulations of that fforreft extend foe farre into the river, 
ad filum aquas, and noe further : And that the feverall Townfhips manors and 
Parifhes doe foe farre on each fide make their feverall perambulations : And there 
alfo feverall Lords of manors, parifhes, parfons, and vicars, havinge Tythes, doe 
extend their feverall fifhings on rockes and with netts, and in digginge of ftones, 
takinge of fand, pitchinge of poles for fifhinge, and the like. 

3tnD for tf)C £cront> general! part, It fhall bee to proove, by invincible matter 
of evidence and of record, That the fhoare river and foile therof, the Rockes fands, 

&c. 



344 ^unoreb of 55crhricp 

&c. vnto the middle of the Channell at lowe water, hath from the time of kinge 
Edward the Confeffor belonged, and ftill doth belonge, and is part of the great 
manor of Berkeley and of its members to this day ; And foe enioyed reputed and 
held ; And that the middle of this river is the cofnon boundary of the manors 
parifhes, &c. on both fides, in the forefaid Counties, as farre vpwards and down- 
wards, as this river carrieth the name of Severne. 3tno thus (faid hee) will I 
marfhall my proofes ; 

i. ffir£t, by 24. witneffes of the ableft and prime gent and yeomen, dwelling 
neere vnto this river, on either fide fome. 

2. By 86. Copies of Court roll, wherby the fands, fhoares, rockes, weares, 
gurgites, ftaches, &c. in Severne, are and have byn granted by the Lords of the 
Manors of Berkeley and the inferior members therof ; And widowes eftates vpon 
fuch grants vfually had and enioyed, accordinge to the Cuftome of thofe Manors. 

3. By 46. Deeds from the Norman Conqueft downwards to this day, in every 
kings time fome, wherby the foile fands rockes ftaches &c, in Severne, are granted 
by 20. fucceffive lords of this Manor of Berkeley and the members therof. 

4. By 21. Rent Rolls, wherof fome before date, fome in the times of E. 1., 
E. 2., R. 2., H. 4., H. 6., and foe downwards, wherin 154 freeholders names, Copi- 
holders, and Tenants by Indenture, are named, with the rents they feverally paid for 
the Rockes, weres, Putts, 1 kedellas, 2 gurgites, 2 ftadia, 3 ftaches, 4 Borachias, 2 charibdes, 5 
pooles in Severne, fifhings in Severne, and for parcells of the water and fand of 
Severne, in this manor of Berkeley and the hambletts therof. 

5- By 

1 Putts, from Putta, Puteus, Foffa — Englifh pit or ditch, Saxon pitt or pytt, ufed in this fenfe in a 
Charter of Anno 1217 (Du Cange.) 

2 Thefe words fignify generally weirs — e.g. Kedellas — Kiddle, a dam or open weir in a river, with a 
loop or narrow cut in it accommodated for laying of Engines to catch fifli (Blount.) 

Gurgites — is ufed as a Latin word for weirs — " Tres Gurgites in aqua de Monew attachiantur per 
Homines de Groffmonte." — Black Book of Hereford, fo. 20. 

Borachias — Probably fhould be Borachias from Boera, fignifying a weir. 

3 Stadia— Stadium— Anglo-Saxon Staed or Stad, a fhore or bank, landing place. This word may be 
ufed in the fenfe of its equivalents, ripa — a river bank ; or littus, a fhore. — See above, fe&ions 2 and 3 
(Du Cange.) 

4 Stache — from Stachia — in Anglo-Saxon Stace, and means a flake or pole. Here it fignifies a dam 
of (lakes, earth, ftones, &c, to flop a water-courfe. 

6 Charibdes — Whirlpool — derived from the famous whirlpool Charybdis. — [Ed.] 



^limbribgc 345 

5. By 3. furvey bookes in 36. H. 8, in i° Mariae, and 22° Eliz : wherin more 
then 40 of the cuftomary or copiholci tenants in the Manors of Hineton, Hame, 
Slimbridge, and Arlingham, members of the great manor of Berkeley, are men- 
tioned and expreffed, to hold, rockes, putts, fifhinge places, and parcells of the river 

and I fands of Severne, according to the Cuftome of thofe Manors. 339 

6. By 50 Accompts made by Reeves and Bailies of the faid manor of Slim- 
bridge, of the profitts of that manor, before the Auditors of the Lord therof, from 
the 15. E. 1. till the end of H. 6. The like of Hame and Hinton manors. 

7. By 3 grants of Rents charges and Anuities for lives, in 20. and 21. H. 6. 
out of the warth, &c. 

8. By 4. grants to the Monaftery of S! Auguftine by Briftoll, before date, by 
the lords of this Manor of Berkeley. 

9. By 2. deeds of Exchanges in fee, in 14. E. 2, and in 35. E. 1. 

10. By 2. deeds of partition, in 27. E. 3. and in 6. E. 4. by copceners. 

11. By 15. Inquifieons or offices after the deathes of freeholders wherin in all 
ages fince H. 3. they are found to dye feized of rockes, putts, fifhings, &c. either 
on this fide Severne, or on the other fide the Chanell over againft the place in 
queftion, as belonginge to the feverall manors, &c. 

12. By a fine at cofnon la we levied by John Thorpe in 11. H. 4. of two Rockes 
and fifhinge p! >ces in Severne. 

13. By an Action of waft in 18. H. 6. brought by John Thorpe againft Eclon, 
for 3 fifhinge places or rockes. 

14. By one Decree in Chancery in 9. Jacobi ; And by 4. decrees in the court 
of Wards, in 12. 13. 15. et 16. Jacobi Rf, wherby the poffeffion of the grounds in 
queftion (amongft others) was eftablifhed for Oldifworth and Thorpe, vnder whom, 
three of the nowe def'. s doe clayme. 

15. By an Army of Witneffes examined in the times of H. 8. Queene Eliz : 
and kinge James, (all nowe dead,) provinge the Rockes, fifhings, and cuftomes 

vfed 
2 y vol. m 



346 J)unorct> of SScthtfcp 

vfed in Severne ; And that the midft of the Channell is the bounds of all mens 
Manors and parifhes on both fides, all alonge the River. 

1 6. l[i"HUl)i, hee remembred the booke of Domefday made in the Conquerors 
time ; And the perambulations of the fforreft of Dene in tempore Rf Johis, et E. i. 

3Cl1D then called for my Witneffes, Of whom when the Court had heard nine, 
the Barons talked togeather a good fpace privately, and then called to them the 
Atturney generall, who after fome Comunicacon, returninge to his place, drewe a 
Juror, never hearinge any one peece of Evidence w c £ there I had before them in 
2. trunkes and 3. baggs, befides plotts of the river, Rockes, and Channell ; And 
printed mapps both in generall and in perticuler. And foe this fearfull fute came 
to nothinge, which had threatned all the grounds on both fides the river for 140. 
myles, lyinge betweene the high and lowe water markes, which were more worth 
then — 20000 1 !' p ann ; wherof, for the greateft part, Inquifitions were about the 
former time, found and returned : And doubtleffe the expeclacon of the fucceffe of 
this fuite was great, which caufed many gent and Lords of Manors adioyninge 
willingly to furnifh mee with very many peeces of their Evidences : And to this 
hearinge wherof came a number of proieclors, as they ignominioufly by as many 
of better condicon then alfo prefent, were ftiled ; Of whom I have not fince heard, 
nor hope that heerafter I (hall. 

The paper I wrote in Breviats abftracts and other needfulls (as my felfe con- 
ceived) came almoft to a reame of paper, which remaine for moft part ftill with mee. 

^Tl)i£ Tryall fallinge foe fodainly and vnexpedledly of, prevented mee from 
deliveringe an Inveclive fpeach, which, with fome bitternes, I had determined to 
have fpoken in Court at the end of my Evidence, before the Jury, againft | 
340 S' Sacvile Crowe efpecially ; who not only was the prime proieclor of this Severne 
bufines, but at his owne charges fet himfelfe at worke, fueinge out this Comiffion, 
makinge himfelfe and his fellowes (intereffed with him) Coiniffioners ; himfelfe alfo 
defrayinge all charges in diet and expenfes to Jurors and Witneffes, but corruptly 
with a bribe of 3''.- to the vnderfheriffe to returne fome of the Jurors by him named. 
And 20" the peece to 3. or 4. of them to appeare and ferve his turne : But alio 
thruft out of the chamber at Newenham aforefaid fuch of my Lord Berkeleis 
Counfell and mine, and of Sir John Wintours of Lidney, as came thither ; reiedl- 
inge to heare fuch evidence as was then offered to bee given by them, ffor all which 

I had 



I had proofe ready in Court : And to have concluded with my wifh, That his next 
proiecl might bee to keepe that little of his owne land that remained, if any, to pay 
his owne debts, for which hee was in fute : And to let mee and others reft in quiet 
with that little which had coft vs deere : And foe his voyage to Conftantinople as 
ffaclor for the Turky marchants, whither hee goeth, will prove more profperous. 

'CJ)tlt as touchinge Coinon of pafture claymed by the Inhabitants of Slimbridge Note. 
and fframpton vpon Severne, vpon any the newe grounds either nowe in comm- 
inge and beginninge to beare graffe, as the Dumballs : Or already come bearinge 
graffe, as the 200. acres nowe in queftion ; All my Counfell were of opinion, (the 
Court foe alfo feeminge to bee,) That none of them could prefcribe to have coffion 
for their Catell (though many former futes had byn for the fame by them,) becaufe 
the fame were call togeather by the Tydes within memory of man ; And that the 
ground and foile therof (ad centrum terra;) was the Lord Berkeleis, as beinge 
within the bounds of his Manor. I 



Stindjcombe. 



3 41 I blank 
342) 



343 



i£>tinct)COm£)C : of old and alwaies, till about the time of kinge H. 6, written 
jStilttC^COnibc ; for there ftinteth the Combe or Hill, as after followeth : from 
whence doubtles the name is. 

It is generally by moft men reputed to bee a parifh, but certainly it is but a 
chappell of eafe within the parifh of Came, though free ; As before I have written 
of Nibley. 

Cl)i# Stt^anor or freehold of Stinchcombe is holden of George lord Berkeley 
as of his Manor of Berkeley by the 20^ part of a knights fee, fute to his hundred 
Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes, to 3. weekes, and by the cheife rent of — 14" 
and a pound of comin, price — 4*! collected by the Reeve of his Manor of Came, as 
a freehold therof. 

It confifteth of the inferior or little hambletts called Churchend, Southend, 
Clinger ats Cleihunger, Inwoods, Stancombe, Snitend, and Overend. 

It was the old inheritance of the Bradftons of Bradfton, whofe difcent fee 
before fol : 11 3. and continued togeather in one and the fame owner, vntill Thomas 

lord 

2 Y 2 



348 $untirct) of 25crftricp 

Lord Wentworths lord Wentworth by his feverall Deeds inrolled in the Court of Comon pleas in 



Manor 



Micfias Terme. 3. et 4. Eliz : Rrie, Rot. 13. et 14. bearinge date on or about the 
firft day of September in the faid third yeare of Oueene Eliz : conveyed the fame 
to Trotman, Burchier, Nelme, Tindall, and others, wherof fee more in Bradfton. 
fol. 113. pet ; which heere againe to repeate I am not willinge : And thofe 
bargainees accordinge to the Truft in them repofed, to divers others, in fuch fort 
as in this yeare, 1639. A° 14. Rf Caroli, it is the inheritance of 26. freeholders, 
whofe names doe followe ; vz, John Hollifter, Thomas Tindall, John Trotman in 
right of Mary his wife daughter and heire of John Hickes, John Selman fonne of 
John, John Browninge fonne and heire of Richard, John Thayer fonne of John, 
Katherine Thayer widowe, John Nelme iuil fonne of John, Wittm Rees, Wittm 
Selman, Richard Diryat, John Belfher, John Hickes, Thomas Pope, Richard Hiett 
in right of Jone his wife daughter of , Wittm Tindall, John Diriatt, 

Samuell Trotman, Richard Atwood, Richard Woodward, John Nelme thelder, 
Edward Jobbins, Thomas Browninge, my felfe, and you my fonne, and fome 
others. 

And by a Covenant in one of his Indentures of bargaine and fale, delivered 
all the old evidences and deeds, afwell of this Stinchcombe as of Bradfton, (which 
are faid to be 300 peeces) to bee kept by them in their church fteeple in a Cheft 
with three keies, to the equall vfe of himfelfe and of the purchafers, which I could 
never obtaine to fee. About a falfe purloininge of fome of them, fuppofed by one 
of them felves, a bill in Chancery was 3. yeares paft exhibited which beinge by the 
def' denied vpon oath, proceeded noe further. 

3£llD laftly, the faid Lord Wentworth fold the Manor it felfe (fuch as it then 
was) to Richard Pates Efq-, and his heires, by his deed inrolled in Chancery dated 
31° Augufti a° 8° Rrie Eliz: wherin hee covenanted with the faid Lord not to 
impeach any his former fales made to others, well worth the pervfall vpon any 
occafion heerafter. 

<El)C faid Richard Pate dyed in Eliz : leavinge iffue Margaret maried to 

Richard Brookes, who betweene them had iffue Suzan, firft maried to Ambrofe 
Willoughby knight, and after to Sir Robert Lovett, who by their Deed dated 24° 
Aprit, a° 5'° Jacobi Rf, (befides other affurances,) fold the fame, by the name of 
their Manors of Stinchcombe and Bradfton, to John Hollifter and his heires : After 
whofe death an office was found, 9 Junij a° 7? Jacobi, That hee died feized (inter 

alia) 



J>tincJKom6c 349 

alia) of the Manor of Stinchcombe, holden of the lord Berkeley as of his Manor of 
Berkeley, by fealty, two (hillings rent, fuite of Court, and in free focage, for all 
fervices ; And that Roger Hollifter was his fonne and heire, of full age : Of the 
fonne of which Roger, called John, Samuell Trotman of Stancombe purchafed 
the fame in , nowe owner therof : who alfo from his fathers purchafe and 

his, had formerly other pts of this Manor. | 

%t probably feemeth, (as before is touched,) That the name of Stintefcombe, 344 
(as in very many ancient old deeds it is ever written,) is taken from the great Nam e- 
combe or edge of the great Hill, which at this town ftinteth and ceafeth, not ex- 
tendinge it felfe that way any further : And that a parcell or hamblett thereof called 
Stane-combe, hath its name from the fame ftony combe alfo. 

(Upon this great and eminent Hill or Combe ftandeth a Beacon, erected in 48 Beacon. 
E. 3, as by evidence which I have feen, appears ; which for eminency and profpect 
may compare with any of thofe in Paleftina, Italy, in the Ifle of Man, of Hain- 
borrowe in Cornwall, fo greatly celebrated with Geographers : For if the day bee 
cleere, the extent of an ordinary eye difcerneth the moft objected parts of Seaven 
Counties, with the Cities of Briftol, Gloucefter, Worcefter, Hereford, &c. 

Stinchcombe's wide profpecl: at once both feedes and gluts the eye 
With Berkelei's wholl extent, as it in bredth and length doth lye. 

Touchinge the antiquity and name of Beacons, the Saxon word, Becnian, to 
beckon, gives the name, reduced from Stackes of wood,- to Ports and pitch potts, 
in the time of king E. 3 ; and were of elder time, for the more fpeedy fpreadinge 
of the knowledge of the enemies cominge, afhfted with nags or hobies called 
Hobeliers. 1 

tytCVC in Stinchcombe is a parcel of ground called blu-meade ; from whence Blumeade Sunday. 
wee hundredors in theis parts have amongft us the name of Blu-meade Sunday, 
the fecond Sunday after the feaft of Pentecoft : a Place where the younger fort of 
both fexes accuftomed in the afternoon of that day to meete from the Townfhips 
adjoininge to dance, leape, wraftle, and difport themfelves till eveninge ; of late 
yeares by fome fevere and rigid Catoes exclaiminge againft fuch recreations, quite 

difcontinued. 

1 Hobblers were men who by their tenure were obliged to keep little light nags and adl as fentinels 
and give notice of the approach of an enemy. [Ed.] 



35° i^unbrcb of 53crhdcp 

difcontinued. My opinion whereof and of other like fociable meetings, Church-ales, 
Wakes, Saints Feaft-daies, &c, I purpofed in this place to have left to you, as a 
plain legacy of my minde thereon : As alfo I did in the defcription of Alkington, 
fol. 30, when I wrote of Riam-meade Sunday, which is the Sunday next before 
this of Blu-meade : and the rather becaufe I throughout this defcription have 
expreffed to what Saints each Church was dedicated and the Feaft kept ; but 
nowe through the great length whereto this booke is growne, and of what more I 
will herein fave paper and paines, and refer you my fonne (amongft many others,) 
to M' Carewe's Survey of Cornwall, fol. 68, 69, and forwards : And to M? Burton's 
booke of Melancholy fol. 256, 257, and forwards, in his third edition, with whom 
I joyne in opinion, and fubfcribe to the kinge's declaration ; and like well, in this 
my decrepit age, to walke in fomer-time, on Sundaies after Eveninge Prayers, 
with my wife to Hodleys Green betweene our two houfes, and there to behold my 
neighbours children and fervants, with yours and mine owne, to runne at Barley- 
breakes, dance in a ringe, and fuch like fports as they like beft ; A laudable recrea- 
tion, which hath no oppugners fave wayward difpofitions, and men of too fterne a 
judgment, as though the text of Solomon were Apochriphall, That, — There is 
a time for all things. | 

345 jfrcrf)Olb£ within the Village and Tithinge of Stinchcombe. 

Inwoods now €t)onia£ Horb 23ctftdC)i the fecond of that name, fonne of Maurice Lord 

Berkeley, by his Deed in 27 E. 1, (which fhall follow verbatim) gave, or rather 
but confirmed, to Robert Berkeley his Nephewe, fecond fonne of the faid lord 
Maurice, and to the heires of his body, All his wood of Inwood in Came, with all 
the hedges and ditches about the fame, To hold by the yearly rent of — 40"; which 
is in theis words ; viz, 

KlUlO regni regis Edri vicefimo feptimo die fabbi in fefto fci Johis Apli et 
Evangelifte, ita convenit inter Dnum Thomam Dflum de Berkeley tradentcm ex 
vna parte, et Robtum de Berkeley nepotem dci Dili Thome recipientem ex altera 
parte, vz, qd dcus Dns Thomas de Berkeley tradidit dedit conceffit, et hac pfenti 
carta fua confirmavit p>dc, Robto de Berkeley pro homagio et fervicio fuo, Totum 
bofcum fuum de Inwode in Chamme cum oibus haicijs et foffatis circumiacentibus, 
et omnibus alijs pertinen fuis, Hendum et tenendum totii bofcu pdem jVfato Robto et 
hered fuis de corpore fuo matrimonialitcr procreatis, de pMco Duo Thoma et hered 
fuis, libere, quiete, integre, et in pace, iure hereditario imppetuum. Ita qd bene 
licebit dco Robto et hered fuis de corpore fuo matrimonialitcr procreatis, totm 

bofcm 



&tinci)eomIje 35 i 

bofcm pdcm claudere, et in claufum tenere, excepta vna via per medium, et Bdctn 
bofcum totm, vel in pte pro voluntate fua affartare. Reddendo inde anuatim pdco 
Diio Thomas et hered fuis, pdcus Robtus et heredes fui, quadraginta folidos fter- 
lingo^ ad quatuor anni terminos, vz, Ad Pafcha decern folidos, ad feftm fci Jotlis 
Baptiftse decern folidos, Ad feftm fci Micftis decern folidos, et ad natale Dili decern 
folidos, pro oibus fervicijs fecularibus et demandis ; Salvo regali cum acciderit, et 
fecla hundredi de Berket de tribus feptiman in tres feptiman ; Et fi contingat dcm 
Robtm in [klco redditu terminis ptexatis in toto vel in pte deficere, quod abfit, 
fubmilit fe et heredes fuos diftriclioni dci Dni Thomae et heredum fuorum qd 
poffint eum diftringere per totm tentm fuum de feodo de Durfeley, adeo bene, ficut 
de feodo fuo proprio, et in omnibus licis infra hundred de Berkeley vbi bona fua 
poffunt inveniri, tarn in bobus et ovibus, quam in alijs animalibus et fingulis bonis 
fuis mobilibus et imobilibus, quovlq, fup pmifio redditu fibi et hered fuis plenarie 
fucrit fatisfaclum, per pdcm Robertum et heredes fuos. Predictus vero Dns 
Thomas et heredes fui totm bofcm pMcm cm oibus fuis ptinen dco Robto et hered 
fuis de corpore fuo matrimonialiter procreatis, contra omnes mortales warrantiza- 
bunt imppetuum. In cuius rei teftimonium partes pMce huic fcripto in modum 
Chirographi confeclio figilla fua alternatim appofuerunt. Hijs teftibus, Dnis Robto 
de Berkeley, Waltero de Helyn, Johe de Weliton, Robto de Veel, Petro Crok, 
militibus ; Rico de Byfeley, Robto de Bradeftun, Robto de Stanes, Robto Wither, 
Rico de Avene, Thoma de Swonhungre, et alijs. 

4&cnt>Ctt yeares after came an agreement betweene the faid lord Berkeley and 
the faid Robert de Berkeley, in ffrench in Berkeley caftle ; in theis words, vz ; 

%C fetime iour de Januier l'an du regne le roy Edward fits le roy Henry trent 
quart, Acovint enter fire Thomas de Berket Seigniour de Berkei d'une pte, e 
Robert de Berket fon neueuz d'auter pte, Iffeint cell; afavoir, q come le dit fire 
Thomas vft feoffe le dit Robert du bois de Inwode del aver enclofe et endefens, 
come plus pleinment piert p la chartre de ceo fete : Si ad le dit Robert grant p" luy 
et pur fes heires au dit Sire Thomas e a fes heires a touts iours, et a Water Gilot 
de Cleihungre peifant le dit fire Thomas et a tuz auters q eel tenement tendrunt, le 
quel il tient, vn chemin p my la wodelane le dit Robert auxi large come e le fuft 
le iour de la confecTion de ceft cart, Et p my le clos memes cely Robert de Inwode 
un chemin jekes a gate perok de la largeffe de diz pees en tuz leus de aler e revener 
od charrs, charettes, chapies e tute maneres des beftes, fanz defturbance le dit 
Robert ou de ces heires ou de nul auter per mi eux a touts iours. Iffeint nep'ant 

q fi le 



35 2 ^un&rcb of 23cxhdcp 

346 q fi le dit Water Gilet ou auter q eel tenem'. tendra, nul tems | euenir pur trefpas 
por chacer beftes hors de chemin ou per prendre du bois le Robert ou per peffante 
del chemin a fon damage meintenant per vewe de veifins feit refonablement amend. 
Pur queus chemins le dit Sire Thomas ad grant q le dit Robt e fes heires receivent 
du dit Water Gilet e des auters q eel tenement tendre deus chapons de anule rent a 
la pafch. Et q bien lift au dit Robert et a fes heires a diftraindre en le dit chemin 
ver gate prockf au tant defeth coe les deus capons ferrunt arere, al terme eftabli. 
Eftre ceo fi ad le dit Robt grant pur luy et pur ces heirs au dit fire Thomas et a 
ces heires q memes celes bonds q fueft nadgeres feces du pre, meme celui Robert 
en fptnied q git enter le pre le dit monfeir Thomas dune pte et de auter e fe eftent 
de la tere le dit fire Thomas fus la pafture Robti de Bradfton fe teignent e eftoifont 
fermes et eftables en meme le leu q hore funt pur tout3 iours fans difturbance ou 
remuemet du dit Robert ou de fes heires a remenant. En teftmoiante de queu 
chofe a ceft efcrit endent, les dits parties ent entrechangeablementes mis lur feals, 
per ices teftmoines. Sires Johan de Button, Johan Baffett, Willame de Walton, 
chivalers : Robert de Bradfton, Thomas de Beoleie, Thomas de Stintefcombe, 
Johan de Olepene, Henrico de Came, Warin le fit5 William, Robert Wither, Water 
Hathemar, et autres. Done a Berkei iour et an de fus ditj. 

3flt 4- E. 3. vpon a controverfy betweene Thomas lord Berkeley the third of 
that name, grandchilde of the forefaid Thomas, And the faid Robert Berkeley, it 
was awarded by John Lovell and 4. others, arbitrators betweene them, That the 
faid Robert fhould pay and doe efcuage to the faid lord when it happeneth for this 
land of Inwood, and for his other land at Dangervilfwike in the manor of Alkington, 
accordinge to the quantity of the faid lands, And fhould alfo repaire Beoly bridge 
at Beoly brooke. — which were all the differences controverted betweene them. 

rrrom which Robert Berkeley theis grounds of In woods, (which before were 
parcell of the demefnes of the Manor of Came, as by divers Accompts of that manor 
appeares,) came to Thomas Berkeley fecond fonne of the faid Robert, which Thomas 
dyed in 6 E. 3. leavinge iffue John and Margaret, which John died in 20. E. 3. 
without iffue, then in ward for this land and for Beoly, to Thomas then lord 
Berkeley : And the faid Margaret his fifter and heire was firft maried to Walter 
Shoile, by whom fhee had noe iffue ; And after remaried to Raph ats Rawlin Trye, 
by whom fhee had iffue William Trye and John Trye : which William dyed in the 
life of his father without iffue, And the faid John had iffue William and John ; 
which William dyed alfo in the life of his father without iffue, And the faid 

John 






£tinrfjcomfec $53 

John Try his brother had iffue William Trye, who maried Ifable daughter of 
James lord Berkeley, and fifter to William created Marques Berkeley : Vpon which 
maryage betweene the faid Wittm Trye and Ifable Berkeley, a Deed yet remain- 
inge in Berkeley caftle, was in theis words ; viz, 

Omnibus xpi fidelibus ad quos pYens fcriptum pvenerit, Wittus Berkeley miles 
Dns de Berkeley faltm in Dno fempiternam. Noveritis me prefatm Wittm dediffe, 
conceffiffe, et hoc pnti fcripto meo confirmaffe Willimo Trye armigero et Ifabelle 
vxori fuse forori meae, vnum anualem redditum quadraginta folidoa de quoddam 
feod reddit, quern idem Wittus Try mihi folebat reddere pro certis terris et bofco 
in Stinchcombe in comitat Glouc, HabencT tenend et pcipiend dcm anualem 
redditum quadraginta folido^ p>fat Witto Try et Ifabelle vxori fue in ptem foluconis 
maioris foine, vz, Trefcente marcas leglis monete Anglie. | Et volo quod heredes et 347 
executores mei perimplent dcm anualem redditum quadraginta folid eifdem Witto 
et Ifabelle hered et affignatis fuis quovfq, pdca foina maior plenaire fit pfolut 
fecundum voluntatem Jacobi Berkeley militis Dni de Berkeley patris mei, vz, 
pro maritagio pMce Ifabelle : In cuius rei teftimonium, huic pYenti fcripto meo 
figillum meum appofui ; Dat apud Glouc in domo Joftis Pole octodecimo de 
Augufti, Anno regni Regis Edwardi quarti poft conqueftum, fexto decimo. 

Which Wittm Trye and Ifable had iffue betweene them John and Wittm, 
which John dyed without iffue, and the faid William dyed in 14. H. 8, and had 
iffue Edward Trye who dyed in iS. H. 8. and was father of John who dyed 
33. H. 8., father of John who dyed in 33. Eliz., father of William who dyed in 
8. Jacobi, father of William Try who in the 7 th yeare of kinge Charles fold this 
land to his vncle John Try, who nowe a° 1639. holdeth the fame and paieth the 
faid — 40? cheife rent, and the other fervices. 

^CCrof fee alfo before in Beoley fol : 75. where this pedegree is fomwhat more 
particularly, with the time of each mans death, laid downe. And in Stone alfo, 
fol : 362. 

<£>f this land called Inwoods Wittm Tyndall purchafed of the faid William 
Trye 



And alfo Richard Atwood p'chafed 8. acres, nowe the land of Richard Atwood, 

fonne 

2 z VOL. Ill 



354 



^unbrcD of 23erftricp 



fonne of Thomas, fonne of the faid Richard, 1639. but pay noe part of the cheefe 
rent. 

9t£ Ottf Of ti)ig ^HtoOOD^ ' s to Dee rea d in theis Records, viz, 
Inq : 15. E. 2. pro terris Mauricij de Berkeley. 

Inq : 37. E. 3. de feodis Baroniae de Berkeley in Sccio cm Rem Thefaur. 
Inq : 13. H. 7. p! mortem Wifli Try. 
Inq : 16. H. 8. p! mortem Wifti Try. 
Inq : 18. H. 8. p! mortem Edwardi Trye. 
Inq : 33. Eliz : p' mortem Johis Trye in com Lincoln. 
Inq : 8. Jacobi, p' mortem Witfi Try. 
Court Rolls of Came, 8. Jac. — per fervicium militare. 
Court Roll of Came, 38. Eliz. Johes Try Af obijt 33. 
Eliz : redd. 40 s folvit 40' pro retio. 



Piers Court 

late Hickes. 

nowe Trotmnns. 



348 



IJtCVt in Stinchcombe is an ancient meffuage called Peirs Court, fomtimes 
written the Manor of Peirs Court, with acres of land of old therto belonginge, 

nowe the Inheritance of John Trotman, fonne of Richard, in right of Elizabeth 
his wife daughter and heire of John Hickes, who died in 20. Rf Jacobi, fonne 
of John Hickes who in 3 et 4'? Eliz. Rile purchafed the fame of Thomas lord 
Wentworth ; As by the Deed inrolled (and other affurances) in Mictias terme 3° et 
4'? Eliz : appeares : and after died in Eliz : Which Thomas lord Wentworth 

was fonne of Thomas lord Wentworth and of Margaret his wife daughter and 
heire of Anne, wife to Sir | Adrian ffortefcue knight, daughter and heire of Anne 
wife of Sir William Stoner knight, eldeft daughter and coheire of John Nevill 
Marques Mountague and of I fable his wife, daughter and heire of Edmond 
Ingaldefthorpe, knight, fonne and heire of Margaret wife of Thomas Ingaldefthorpe, 
daughter and heire of Elizabeth wife of Walter de la pole, daughter and heire of 
Thomas de Bradfton knight, who died in 48. E. 3. and was fonne of Robert de 
Bradfton who died in the life time of Thomas de Bradfton Banneret his father, who 
died in 34. E. 3. And for whofe creation, and the guift of 500 mks p ann to him 
and his heires out of the kings receipt, See Rot. Claus : in arce London. 15. E. 4. 
membr : 12. where alfo fix difcents of this pedegree are laid downe : And the 
patent it felfe in 13. E. 3. there alfo, which is paid to this day, 1639. And this 
Thomas de Bradfton Banneret, was fonne of Robert de Bradfton, Of whofe difcents 
I have formerly written in the defcription of Bradfton, fol : 1 13. And this capitall 
meffuage or farme called Peirs Court is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his 

Manor 






£tiiict)comljc 355 

Manor of Came, by fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. 
weekes, and by the yearly rent of 4? and a pound of Comin, price 4? In the time 
of kinge H. 2. it was the land of Harding de Stintefcombe, Roger and Ralph de 
Stintefcombe; And in the times of kinge John and of kinge H. 3. and of kinge E. 1. 
of Piers of Stintefcombe, Peter de Stintefcombe, and of Thomas de Stintefcombe, 
All ffreeholders of note and eminency, owners of this land and witneffes to more 
then 300. deeds which I have feene ; And their longe and ancient feifm therof and 
dwellinge vpon the fame gave the name of Piers Court, efpecially 3. or 4. of the 
name of Peter or Pierfe fucceedinge one another : And from them it came into 
the family of the Bradftons in the time of kinge E. 3., but whether by purchafe or 
by maryage of the heire I have not found ; Neither doe I thinke any thinge re- 
maineth to informe mee, fave the deeds and evidences formerly mentioned to bee 
kept in Stinchcombe church : The laft male of that male (as I remember) that I 
obferved was Thomas de Stintefcombe, who in the extracts of the fubfedy or ayd 
granted to the kinge is in 1. E. 3. mentioned therin to bee a fubtaxor of that 
Subfedy : And Stintefcombe and Bradfton to bee hambletts of the manor of Came 
To which effecl alfo is the Quo warranto in 15. E. 1. brought by the kinge againft 
Thomas lord Berkeley mentioned in fol : 6. 

Somwhat more wherof is to bee read in theis Records ; viz, 

Rec cm Rem Thefaur in Term Trin, 22. H. 6. Rot., 17., very good for the 

pedegree. 
Inqu : 20 Jacobi, p' mortem Johis Hickes. 

JpCCW alfo is another ancient meffuage called Melkefhams Court or the Manor Melkefhams Court 



of Melkefham, the inheritance of Thomas Tindall nowe in ward to the kinge a° 
1639. for other lands which his father Thomas Tyndall dyed feized of, holden by- 
knight fervice in Capite, who died in Rf Caroli, fonne of Richard Tyndall 
who dyed in 18° Jacobi, and was fonne of Richard who dyed in 19° Eliz : havinge 
purchafed the fame by Deed inrolled in in 3° Eliz : of Thomas lord 
Wentworth, fonne and heire of Thomas lord Wentworth and of Margaret his wife, 
daughter and heire of Anne maryed to Sir | Adrian ffortefcue, daughter and heire 349 
of Anne maried to Sir William Stoner, eldeft daughter and coheire of John Nevill 
Marques Mountacute, and of Ifable his wife daughter and heire of Edmond 
Ingaldefthorpe, fonne and heire of Margaret, maried to Thomas Ingaldefthorpe, 
daughter and heire of Elizabeth maried to Walter de la pole, daughter and heire 
of Thomas de Bradfton : which faid Walter de la pole and Elizabeth his wife (then 

Lords 



nowe Tyndalls. 



35 6 I^unDrcD of 23crfedcp 

Lords of the Manor of Stintefcombe) purchafed the fame of Robert Oulpenne, and 
to whom the faid Robert by his Deed inrolled in Chancery, dated 25° Januar A° 1. 
H. 5. releafed all his right and eftate in manerio de Stintefcombe ats dicl; Milke- 
fhams Court, As by the Dorfe of Rot. Claus 1. H. 5. membr. 6. appeares. And in 
the times of E. 1., E. 2., and E. 3., and fomwhat after, was the inheritance of the 
Melkefhams, whofe feifin gave the name of 3Cj)rifte£f)am# Court, which continueth 
to this day, a° 1639. And is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of 
Came by a paire of gloves of a penny price, And fute to his hundred Court of 
Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes. 

<©f this ffarme or little Manor of Melkifham, ats the Manor of Stintefcombe, 
fee a fine levied in Eafter Terme 26. H. 6. wherby Edmond Ingaldefthorpe afore- 
faid feemes to purchafe this manor of Melkefham. 

Alfo there are Recoveries therof in Mictias Terme 24. H. 6. Rot. 411, And 
Term Pafcti : 25. H. 6. Rot. 586, and Hillar : 27 H. 6. Rot. 303, in coi banco, of 
the Manor of Melkefham in Stintefcombe. This Meffuage, in fome later evidence 
I have feene written The over Court in Stinchcombe. Rot. Rediffeifin. ab anno, 
27. to 35. E. 1. membr. 5. And in a° 31. E. t. pM in the Tower of London, 
fhewes That Richard de melkefham recovered a meffuage and a Carucate of land 
in Stintefcombe, (which is this,) of Richard Aftmead, who againe diffeifed him, 
And therfore a writt nowe went out to the Sheriffe of this County to arreft and 
imprifon the faid Richard Aftmead. 

Rot. paten. 28. E. 1. in dorfo, Jone Deveroux. Richard Eftmead and John 
Wither, brought an Attaint againft Richard Melkefham and Cicely his wife for 
theis lands of Melkfhams Court. 

What more might bee written heerof muft bee had from the private Evidences 
of the faid Thomas Tyndall, and out of the Cheft in the Church there kept as 
aforefaid ; neither of which I have feene. 

See the Court Roll of Came in 18' Jacobi. 

Lamports Court. ij)cerc alfo is an ancient meffuage with divers lands therto belonging called 

nowe l£aniport0 Court, which was the old inheritance of the Lamports : who nowe 

holdeth it I knowe not, neither can therof write more then appeares in the Record 

of Eafter Terme in the Coinon pleas, 8. H. 4. Rot. 509., which faith That Adam 

Lamport 



Lamport dyed without heire of the wholl bloud in the time of kinge E. 3. feized 
of this meffuage in Stintefcombe, fuppofed to have then byn holden of Thomas 
lord Berkeley by 40 s yearly rent, heriot, fute of Court to his Manor of Came from 
3. weekes to 3. weekes, and by efcuage : wherin Ela de Bradfton widowe, pleadeth, 
That fhee held the fame of the endowment of Thomas de Bradfton fomtimes her 
hufband, the Revertion after her death belonginge | to Elizabeth the wife of Walter 350 
de-la-pole daughter and heire of the faid Thomas de Bradfton, and wherin iffue 
was ioyned, whether the faid Adam Lamport dyed tenant to Thomas lord Berkeley 
grandfather of the faid Thomas or not : which appeares not in this Record to have 
beene tryed. And feemes to proceed from the ill pleadinge of that Lords pedegree 
and difcent : ffor the faid Lord Thomas, now demandant, is therin faid to bee fonne 
of Thomas, fonne of the faid lord Thomas, to whom it fhould efcheate ; wheras the 
demandants father was Maurice who died in 42. E. 3. feven yeares after the faid 
Thomas his father. Henfter Prothonotary. See alfo in banco regis eifdem a° et 
Term et Rotulo. 

25p Rot. Claus. 1. H. 5. in dorfo membr : 2. William Vrry cozen and one of 
the heires of Peter de Evercy releafed to Walter de la pole knight,' and to Elizabeth 
his wife and the heires of the faid Elizabeth, All his right title &c. in all rents, 
lands, tenements, &c. in Stintefcombe, Stancombe et Metefdon, called Lamports 
court, which fomtimes were Thomas de Evercy knight within the hundred of 
Berkeley in the county of Glouc, dated die Sabbathi poft feftum Sea; Lucise 
virginis, a° 1. H. 5. 



357 



3Eo tf)i£ tdcajte laftly mentioned and Lamports Court I will adioyne divers Alba mara 
lands and tenements lyinge in Stinchcombe, Stancombe, and other places ther- n | ) s we s e l' m ans 
abouts, which in the time of R. 1. and kinge John were the lands of Robert de and others. 
Alba Mara, and in the firft 20. yeares of kinge H. 3. of John de Alba mara, And 
after of William de Alba mara, who, as the office found after his death in 40. H. 3. 
fheweth, died feifed of 1 10. acres of land, 8. acres of meadowe, 3. acres of pafture, 
one garden, a Watermill, certaine wood, and 5 1 '. rent of Affife paid by tenants in 
Stinchcombe, holden de dominio Baronize de Berkeley per fervicium — 10* et 6"!; p 
ann. And held alfo the Manor of Ruardine in the fforreft of Deane, &c. And 
that Thomas de Evercy, fonne of Annora de alba mara, Ifabella de Alba mara, 
Richardus de Stallinge the fonne of Katherine de Alba mara, and Matilda de Alba 
mara, who are of full age, And Wittm the fonne of Wittm de Hathewy who is 
within age, and but 12. yeares old, are his heires. 

% part 



35 8 ^unorco of 55crfericp 

5H part of this land lyinge in Stancombe is the inheritance of John Selman, 
fonne of John, fonne of John, as his evidences doe fhewe, who alfo hath a pedegree 
fhewinge his difcent from the faid Wittm de Alba mara : Which Robert Stallinge 
in i. E. i. aliened to Robert Cantelupe and Margery his wife in franke maryage ; 
which Margery furvivinge her hufband, did in 4. E. 3. with her fecond hulband 
Wittm Wor, give the fame to Walter Selyman with Lucy her daughter in fpeciall 
taile ; fince which time it hath continued in that name of Seliman to this day, 
a° 1639. 

Rot. pipae. 17. H. 3. in coin Glouc faith, Wittus de Alba mara ; filius et heres 
Roberti de Alba mara, reddit compum de decern marcis de fine pro habenda feifina 
de terra de Rowartin (Ruarden) quam pater eius tenuit de rege per ferientiam. 

By a deed without date in the time of kinge H. 3. in Berkeley caftle, John de 
Alba mart granted to Wittm de Metefdon and to Ifable his wife, and their heires, 
divers lands in Stintefcombe (pticulerly mentioned in the deed) To hold by a peny 
rent for all fervices ; Salvo regali fervicio, &c. 

SHrtd by another Deed in the faid Caftle without date, the faid John granted to 
the faid Wittm de Matefdon and Ifable his wife and their heires, Totum pratum 
apud Stintefcombe quod iacet iuxta culturam quae vocatur Broadruydinge, Redd : 
p ann — ob. pro oibus fervicijs, Salvo regali fervicio, &c. | 



351 



3in the vtmoft fkirt or border of this village of Stintefcombe toward Nibley 
Snitend. (where revera the Combe ftinteth by the finall declyninge of the hill, which Stinch- 
combe is but an hamblet of the manor of Came, and within that pariih,) is a fmall 
knott of 4. houfes called Snitend, wherof two of them are in Nibley And the other 
two in Stintefcombe in the pariih of Came : The one of which was lately held of 
that manor by Richard Nelme by Copy of Court roll ; And the other was by John 
Serieant the younger in 30. E. 3. by the name of a meffuage and 14. acres of land, 
and one acre of meadowe, and ij 5 rent in Came, (the very content at this day,) 
given to a Chaplein at Stone, to pray in the Chaple there for the foules of himfelfe 
and of the lord Berkeley and others named in his deed. And was before the land 
of Wittm Snite, ffrom whofe feifin and his anceftors that name arofe in the time of 
H. 3. and E. 1. By the diffolucon of which Chantry in 1° E. 6. it came to the 
Crowne, And was by that kings Lres patents in the fecond yeare of his raigne, 
granted (inter alia) to Sir John Thynne and Lawrence Hide, and their heires, who 

the 



d&tinc&comfie 359 

the fame yeare fold the faid meffuage and land to Anthony Throgmton and his 
heires ; who alfo the fame yeare fold the fame to Simon Eeles and his heires, from 
whom it difcended to Thomas Eeles his fonne and heire, And from him to John 
Eeles his fonne and heire, who died in 37. Eliz. as an Inquificon found after his 
death in 12. Jacobi Rf, fheweth : which alfo fheweth, That hee by his will in 
$j. Eliz. pd, devifed the fame to Judith his wife for her life, (after remaried to 
George Hickes,) And after her death to his three daughters and coheires, Judith, 
Jone and Elizabeth, and their heires : Of whom the faid Elizabeth dyed very 
yonge, vnder two yeares old. Judith their mother, wife of George Hickes, dyed 
in July a° io° Jacobi Rf ; And the faid Judith and Jone fifters of the faid Elizabeth, 
were maried to Nicholas Hickes and Robert Hickf, fonnes of the faid George by 
a former wife : who aliened to my felfe and others : Soe two fifters maried two 
brothers, and their mother to the father of thofe fonnes ; Which meffuage and land 
is holden of the kinge as of his Manor of Bulford in the County of Wiltes, in free 
and conion focage, by fealty only for all fervices. Wherof alfo read more, fol : [288.] 

J^CCrC alfo is an ancient meffuage with certaine lands therto belonginge, con- Nelmes lan d- 
taininge about 40. acres, in Stinchcombe, the inheritance of John Nelme nowe 
dwellinge vpon the fame ; fonne of Simon Nelme, who died in 6'? Jacobi, brother 
and heire of Edward, who died in, Eliz : fonnes of Nicholas Nelme, who in 

4. Eliz. purchafed the fame of John Trotman, Wittm Burcher, and Withn Nelme 
and they of Thomas lord Wentworth, with the reft of the Manor as aforefaid : And 
as an office found in a° 6'? Jacobi p\*i after the death of the faid Simon, fheweth, are 
holden of the manor of Berkeley by knight fervice, and fute to his hundred court 
of Berkeley from three weekes to three weekes ; ffor more whereof See the velam 
booke of Wardfhips and Releefes fol : 14 : Which John Nelme hath alfo other 
lands in this Townfhip, holden of Eftgreenwich in free focage, fomtime pcell of 
the Abby of Kingfwood, as in the faid office is expreffed. | 



J^CCfC alfo is a Meffuage and divers lands therto belonginge, containinge about 35 2 
acres, nowe in the occupacon of William Trotman th'elder, lyinge in Stancombe, Hungerfords. 
and wherin the faid William nowe dwelleth ; which William Trotman the younger nowe Trotmans. 
fonne and heire apparant of the forefaid William Trotman the elder, called of 
Blacke burton, purchafed of Anthony Hungerford, lord of Pitcourt in Nibley : 
which though the fame had for many ages and difcents in the anceftors of the faid 
Anthony Hungerford byn occupied and gone togeather with Pitcourt, yet I hold 
not the tenure heerof to bee as that of Pitcourt, (wherof fee before in fol: 267. 268,) 

But 



360 J^unorcD of 25crhricp 

But to bee holden in focage of the Manor of Stinchcombe, by 



ffifteenes. sjjjj payment of the ffifteens or kingfilver, this hamblet or Townfhip of Stinch- 

combe goeth with 

Subfedy. 0[n the laft fubfedy in a° 5'? Caroli, were in this village of Stinchcombe 13. 

fubfedy men, who paid 5'!' 12 s 

Able men. ^fn a° 6'.° Regis Jacobi, vpon a generall Mufter, were 61. able men heere fit 

for the warres, betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, who appeared before Henry lord 

Souldiers. Berkeley then Leiutenant of this County : And nowe hath of Trayned Souldiers 

vnder Wittm Thorpe Efq^ their Captaine — 8. wherof — 5. corfletts, and 3. mufketts. 

Rates. 3dnb if the whole Divifion of Berkeley bee in any tax rated at — ioo 1 !, Then 

this hundred of Berkeley therof paies — 33 1 ! 3 s ., And this village of Stinchcombe — 
1 5? ; And foe after that rate bee the Tax more or leffe. 

CtjC forefaid Capitall meffuage called Melkefhams Court had ever of old its 
owner one of the 5. fubtaxors of the ffifteenes in this hundred, And it felfe paid 
therto — 

SJ^otC of this Hamblet and Village of Stinchcombe is to bee read 
in theis Records, formerly mentioned, vz, 
Rot. Claus in arce Lontt : 16. E. 3. in dorfo. 
Inqu : 40. H. 3. p' morte Witii de Alba mara. 

Int $J. E. 3. de feodis Baroniae de Berkeley in Sccio. — per fervic militare. 
Inqu : 34. E. 3. p' morte Thome de Bradfton, — p fervic mit : 
Inqu : 43. E. 3. p' morte Agnetis vxoris Thome de Bradfton. — p fervic mit. 
Rot. Claus. 13. R. 2. ps. 1. membr. 26. Coin Sonnet. 

Inqu : 1 1. H. 4. p' morte Ela; vxor Thome de Bradfton iun. — p fervic mit. 
Rot. Claus. 12. H. 4. membr. 33. in arce Lond". 
Inqu : 2. H. 4. p' morte Rici de fco Mauro. 
Trin Rec. 22. H. 6. Rot. 17. in Sccio cm Remeni Thefanf. 
Inqu : 35. H. 6. p' morte Edm : Ingaldefthorpe mittis. — p fervic mit. 
Inqu : 12. H. 6. p! morte Walteri de la pole mit. 

Rot. 



,£tonc 

Rot. claus. 17. E. 4. membr 7. in arce LoncJ. 

Inqu : 16. E. 4. p! morte Ifabellae vxoris Jotiis Nevill. 

Rot. claus. 15. E. 4. membr: 11 in arce Lonti. 

Inq : 2. H. 7. p'. morte Ifabellae Nevill. Melius inquirend. Glouc et Heref. 

Original : 2. H. 7. Rot. 8. in Sccio. 

Original! : 23. H. 7. Rot. 39. in Sccio. 

Inqu : 10. H. 7. p'. morte Witti Stoner, Glouc. | 353 

Carta irrotulat in coi banco. Teriii Hillar. ^3- H. 8. 

Inter Browne et ffranfham, de terris in Stancombe. 

Inqu : 5. E. 6. p' mortem Thome Dni Wentworth, in com Suff. 

Inqu : 30. Eliz : p' mortem Rici Tyndall — per ferviciu mil. — exemplified. 

Inqu : t,3- Eliz : p l . morte pMci Rici, met Inquirertd : — in Socagio. 

Carta irrotulat in coi banco, Term Michis, 3. et 4. Eliz : Rot. 14. 

Inqu : 7. Jac : p'. morte Jotiis Hollifter. 

Paf[c]fi : fines, 35. H. 8. Rot. cm Rem Thefaur in Sccio. 

Paper booke in fol. temp. H. 8. per ferviciu mil. 

Booke of wardfhips and Releefes. fol : 2. 14. 

Inq : 6. Jac, p' morte Simonis Nelme. — per ferviciu. — a wardfhip. | 



36< 



Stone. 



354 blank 
355 



JbtOUC : Anciently written Stan, Stane, and Stanes : And in the old Saxon 
<§KUU1 ; now modernly written -frolic : That is a ftonne, or as Northern men 
fpeake, a Steane ; Soe called, as is by fome conceived, out of Meerftones very 
anciently fet vp to divide the three great hundreds or Liberties of 23ctftdcp, 
€^omt>urp, and 4BronilJOltlC£a£{) : C> r rather, as others will, from it felfe, The moft 
ftony place in that lowe vale wherin it ftands : and from whence the lower country 
beneath it in the fame hundred are for the mod part furnifhed with fmall ftone for 
the amendment of their deepe and dirty waies. 



3(t is an hamblet or fmall village diftinguifhed by the inhabitants themfelves 
into Vpper Stone and Lower Stone, and parcell of the Lord Berkeleis great Manor 
of Hame, within the parifh of Berkeley, and holden by him, as that Manor is, of 
the Crowne, by knight fervice in Capite ; To which Manor the waftes as Stones 
heath and others doe belonge. 

3 A VOL. Ill 



',62 ©ttnorcti of 2Bcrfeckp 

Chaple. <-g\\ this Village ftands a Chaple, of much eafe to the inhabitants, belonging to 

the mother Church of Berkeley, vnder the Cure and goverment of the Vicar therof ; 
I'vth barnes neere to which Chaple ftandeth one of the eight tyth barnes belonginge to the 
parifh of Berkeley : wherat the inhabitants chriften their livinge and bury their 
dead, in femblance of a parifh independant, but is not ; in the laft Age thatched 
with Broome, now decently covered with lead. 

Old (freeholders. ^Tn the time of kinge Stephen, Gwidoe de Stone lived, a remarkable ffree- 

holder, heere, who in that kings daies was one of the 8. pledges or vndertakers 
for Roger Berkeley of Durfley, that hee fhould keepe the peace then concluded at 
Briftoll betweene the faid Roger and Robert the fonne of Hardinge, concerninge 
the Barony and manor of Berkeley ; wherof read more before in Durfley, fol : 175. 
And in Slimbridge, fol : 325. where the faid Agreement is verbatim. After Gwido, 
in the time of kinge H. 2. next fucceffor to kinge Stephen, lived Bernard de Stana, 
written alfo in divers deeds Bernardus de Stanes : After him, in the time of kinge 
H. 3. Maurice de Stane ; After him, in the time of kinge H. 3. and E. 1. lived 
Robert de Stan ; who in thofe times were Witneffes to many hundreds of deeds, 
'which I have read : And had divers lands in this Townfhip, afwell by ancient 
difcent as by fpeciall purchafes from Henry de Wanifwell and others ; whereof fee 
after in Wanefwell, fol : 367. and as after followeth, fol. 356. 

Stone water £{jc Manor of Alkington is on the fouthweft part divided from this of Stone 

by a river runninge betweene them, which in the great Rode way called Briftoll 
way, and fomwhat above, beinge turned out of his ancient channell and courfe, 
begot, fomwhat more then an hundred yeares agone, the fettinge vp of newe of a 
mill there ; ffirft a Blademill, After a corne grift mill, After a paper mill, nowe at 
this day both, a° 1639, (fuch have beene the alterations for profit); ffor which 
turninge of the watercourfe to the mill The lord Berkeley firft had a rent of-13' 4* 
p ami : And after Henry lord Berkeley, by a leafe which hee made dated 22° Junij. 
4. et 5. Pfi : & Mar. to Thomas ffranfham, at which time his Receiver for 60. yeares 
had an yearly rent of 40*, which vpon newe demifes fince made, is the rent to this 
day : The occupiers of which mills beinge alfo to repaire that place and part of the 
Rode bridge, through and vnder which their newe watercourfe from the faid Mills 
fallcth, and returneth into its owne chanell againe. 

Bridges. £t)C Record in the Trefory, Ptita coram rege apud Glouc, Term Michis, 

2. R. 2. Rot. 17. hath thus; Thomas de Berkeley et Peter de Veel de Tortworth 

chival 



£>tonc 363 

chivai non poffunt dedicere quin ipfi tenentur reparare pontem vocat Sindleforth 
inter Tortworth et Stone ratione terrarum et tentorum fuorum in dcis Manerijs. | 

€f)C Records of Rot. Paten : 30. E. 3. pars, mem : 22., And Rot. finiu, 30. E. 3. 356 
mem. 3, And a writt and Inquificon of Ad quod damnum in 30. E. 3. aforefaid, doe Chantries in 
fhewe, That John Sergeant of Stone the yonger founded a Chantry in Stone called 
our Ladies Chantry, and endowed it with 9. meffuages, 86. acres of land, and 2? 
rent in Hame, Hull, Alkington, and Came, for a preift there to pray in the Chaple 
of Stone for the good eftate of himfelfe, and of John Sergeant his father, and of 
Thomas lord Berkeley, and of Maurice Berkeley his fonne, And of William fonne 
of Wiitm Swonhungre, and Alienor his mother, And of Jone late wife of him the 
faid John Sergeant, and of Margaret late mother of him the faid Maurice. And for 
the kings licence thus to amortize, hee paid — 108? 1% as the faid fine Roll fheweth. 

And fix yeares after, the faid John Sergeant, vpon an other like writt of Ad 
quod damnum in 36. E. 3, And by the patent Roll of that yeare, membr. 24 : gave 
2. meffuages, 20. acres of land, and i*! rent, in Hame, Berkeley, Hull, and Alkington, 
to celebrate in like manner in the Chaple of All Saints in Stone. 

And the like hee the faid John Sergeant did in 47. E. 3, then givinge more to 
the Chantry preift there, 5. meffuages, 16. acres of land, and 2. acres of meadowe, 
in Hame and Alkington, As by a like Inquificon vpon a like writt of Ad quod 
damnum in 47. E. 3. And by Rot. finium. 48. E. 3. mem : 3. appeareth : Which 
Chantries had continuance till the A 61 of diffolucon in 1. E. 6. And then fhortly 
after granted by the Crowne, as after I fhall mention, fol: 363. As alfo I fliall further 
write of the faid John Sergeant and of his difcent in the next page, And fol : 369. 

SiftclDi^C the faid Robert de Stane in 13. E. 1. gave 5. inks land and rent in 
Berkeley for maintenance of a Chaplein to celebrate divine fervice for ever in the 
Chaple of Stone, ad altare beats Marise celebranct. in capella de Stone, which are 
of the fee of Thomas de Berkeley and holden in Socage faith a writt of Ad qd 
damnum, and the Inquificon therby taken by Jury : wherof fee more in the patent 
roll, and Roll of fines of that yeare or the yeare followinge, which I did not. As 
alfo of the pedegree of the faid Thomas de Stone to this day in the next page ; 
And in Wanifwell fol : 368, And in Nibley fol : 280. 281. at large. 

<3Tf)i£ hamblett of Stone of trayned Souldiers furnifhed 5. corfletts and 1. Trayned 
mufket, vnder William Thorpe Efcfc their Captaine. 

jfrcrijolD 

3 A 2 



3 64 J*)un&rrt> of 22>crkricn 

jfrccljolb lands within this Townfhip or hamblet of Stone ; vz, 
Old Court in i^cctC in Stone is one very ancient ffreehold, lately reputed a Manor, wherof 

the Capitall meffuage called the Old Court is motted round, over which is a drawe 
bridge, leadinge into the houfe ; holden of George Lord Berkeley as of his manor 
of Hame (wherin it lyeth) by knights fervice, fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley 
from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, and by the yearly rent of — y s . 10^ And is nowe a° 
1639. the feuall inheritance of 24. men, as more perticulerly fhall after bee declared 
fol : 357. and after. 

The owners of this capitall meffuage called the Old Court were one of the five 
ancient fubtaxors of the fifteene within this hundred of 23rrHdcn, And ftill, by it 
felfe, when that manner of payment is to the Crowne, paies — 3! 4"! 

The old owners of this land were Gwidoe, Bernard, Maurice, and Robert de 
Stone, formerly mentioned in the page before ; And the faid Robert de Stone dyed 
0C7 about 10. E. 1, leavinge iffue Robert de Stone who dyed in | 27. E. I ; And by 
Agnes his wife left iffue Thomas de Stone who dyed in 9. E. 2, And by Alienor 
his wife, who furvived him, left iffue two daughters; Jone maried to John Sergeant, 
fonne of John, And Alice maried to John Swonhunger, fonne of John ; Of which 
Alice and her hufband and their iffues fee before in Nybley fol: 281, And in 
Swonhunger fol : 365, And in Wanifwell fol : 367. 368. 369. 

3CnD the faid Jone and John Sergeant her hufband (of whom heere only) had 
iffue Jone maried to Walter Hurft, and was mother of Ifable, mother of Katherine, 
mother of Jone, firft maried to Sir Robert Greindore, and after to Sir John Barre, 
And furvivinge them both, dyed her felfe in 1. H. 7. without iffue, As both in 
Nibley I have written, fol: [281] ; what time theis lands firft came to bee the 
inheritance of the name and family of the Sergeants in their owne right : which 
pedegree heere againe to have mentioned I held necdleffe, Otherwife, or further 
then that Thomas Sergeant who dyed in 8° Eliz: by Alice his wife left iffue Thomas 
Sergeant. Who by his feverall Deeds inrolled in Chancery in 14" et 16° Eliz: The 
one dated, 24 . Septembr. 14. Eliz: inrolled 21. Apr. after, And by one fyne in Michas 
Terme, 14 et 15° Eliz : And by another deed dated a° 16° Eliz : aliened to 

Hugh Smyth Efquire and to his feoffees in truft, vz, Sir W'itlin Winter, Thomas 
Carewe, George Winter, and Mathewe Smyth his brother, and their heires, not 
only all theis which were the faid Thomas de Stones, and allotted in three deedfl 
of partition to Jone his eldeft daughter maried to John Sergeant, (which deeds 1 

have 



Jbtonc 365 

have read,) And which came to him as before hath byn faid; But alfo that meffuage 
and carucate of land in Stone the old paternall inheritance of the Sergeants his 
Anceftors, mentioned in the forefaid Inquificon vpon the faid writt of Ad quod 
damnum found in the 47. E. 3, there found to remaine to him the faid John Sergeant 
and his heires, befides what hee gave then to the Chantry preifts of Stone, holden 
faith that record of Thomas lord Berkeley in Capite by knight fervice : which faid 
Hugh Smyth and his faid feoffees fhortly after fold and (as it were) retayled the 
farre greater part to the leffees that then held the fame, and to their heires, as after 
followeth in perticuler : And then dyed in Eliz : leavinge what remained vnfold 
to the faid Mathewe his brother and heire male, who died in 25. Eliz : As the Office 
found that yeare after his death in the county of Somerfet fheweth, which therby 
came to Hugh Smyth his fonne and heire, then but 8. yeares old, and in ward to 
that Oueene Eliz : for other lands ; who alfo (as after followeth) fold thofe lands 
that came to him to Henry Parmiter an Atturny at lawe, and to one Thomas Arnold, 
as after fhall followe; And fo were all againe foe aliened that none remained, noe 
not the cheefe rents or menalties of fervices to this manor, As nowe followeth, 
amongft the lift of the ffreeholders, who are the nowe owners, a° 1639. 15? Rf Caroli. 

William Thorpe of Wanifwell Efq^, holdeth | 

Vrian Wife gent 358 

Thomas Bowfer 

Jonas Graile, fonne of John Graile Clerke, 

Thomas Mors 

John Mallett 

and apportioned vpon the death of the faid John to pay — 2 s for his releefe, after 
the fiftieth part of a knights fee ; his rent beinge p an — 5? 

Richard 



3 6 & J^unbrco of 25crhdcp 

Richard Evered ats Everard | 

359 William JKirle in right of Alice his wife, daughter and heire of John Mallett 
late of Bevington. 

John Wade 
Richard Tippetts 
Thomas Atkins 
John Clutterbooke 
Eddis Wallis, or Woolles, 
Richard Cole gent | 

360 William Arnold 

John Swonhunger, ats Saniger, in right of Elizabeth his wife, daughter and 
heire 

J one ffreeman 
John Bradley 

Nicholas 



£tone 367 

Nicholas Morfe by deed inrolled dated 20° Maij. 1642, purchafed of Samuell 
Trotman of the Inner Temple Efq^, one meffuage &c. with a garden, hopyard, and 
orchard, a clofe of pafture adioyninge cont 1. acre, and one other clofe of pafture 
cont 1 acre, called the pound clofe, halfe an acre of meadowe fhootinge vpon the 
Hame ditch, and halfe an acre of meadowe lying in Little hame, and 2. rudges of 
arrable land lyinge in Lobthorne, and a cheefe rent of — ic/! p ann iffuinge out of the 
lands of Witfm Curnocke ; All which (except the rent) the faid Samuell by his 
Indenture dated 30 Sept. 11? Caroli, demifed to Hugh Street for 99. yeares, if 
John, Robert, and Daniell, his fonnes, or any of them, mould foe longe live, vnder 
the yearly rent of — 24' and 2. capons, and 6' 8 d . for an heriott : which lands (inter 
alia) were heertofore purchafed by Hugh Smyth of Long afhton Efq,, and were by 
him by Indenture bearinge date 18 Sept 34° Eliz : fold vnto Henry Parmiter of 
Tockington, who by his Indenture bearinge date 20° Maij. 12 Jacobi fold the fame 
to Richard Trotman of Cliffords Inne gent, and hee by his Indenture dat 3° Octobr 
1 9 Jacobi, vnto Edward Trotman the elder gent, Edward, and Samuell his fonnes; 
Which Edward the father and Edward the fonne by their deed bearinge date 5° 
Junij. 9 no Caroli, releafed vnto Samuell, who fold as before. 

CljC faid Nicholas Morfe hath alfo by conveyance from Thomas Morfe his 
father I 



John Oldland 361 

1 
John Mafon 

John Jenkins in right of his wife, daughter of John Evered 

Thomas Mallett 

3?11 this hamblet of Stone is a meffuage and divers lands therto belonging, 362 

containing about 4=;. acres, in lower ats nether Stone, in the parifh of Berkeley as Webbs land. 
...... late Tryes. 

of his manor of Hame by knight fervice, fute of Court, and the yearly rents of — 

i6 d and of-i 2 d farthinge, nowe the inheritance of Nicholas Webbe, fonne of Nicholas 

Webbe 



368 



ftunbrcb of 25crhricp 

Webbe who dyed in i°!° Rf Caroli ; which Maurice lord Berkeley the fecond of that 
name about the end of the raigne of kinge H. 3. gave to Robert Berkeley his fecond 
fonne and his heifes, who afterwards conveyed the fame to Thomas Berkeley his 
fecond fonne, who was father of John Berkeley that was in Ward for the fame; 
And by his death without iffue the fame difcended to Margaret his fifter and heire 
maryed to Raph Trye ; betweene whom was iffue John Trye, father of John, father 
of Wittm, father of John and William ; which John dyed without iffue, leavinge the 
faid Wittm his brother and heire ; which William, (who died in 14. H. 8,) had iffue 
Edward Try who died in 18. H. 8, father of John, father of John, who died 33. 
Eliz:, father of Wittm who died in 8° Jacobi, father of Wittm Try that nowe is, who 
by deed 20° Julij 20° Jacobi, fold the fame to the faid Nicholas Webb, father of the 
faid Nicholas, lately in ward to the kinge for other lands holden of the lord Stafford, 
in ward alfo to the kinge, wherby the kinge had gard pur caufe de gard ; late held 
by Martha Webbe mother of the faid Nicholas for her life, by the will of the faid 
Nicholas (dated, i° Januarij, a° i mo Caroli,) her hufband ; Shee lately in this yeare 
deceafed, 1639. 

Of this land fee a fyne 20. Jac in Micfias Terme, from Try to Webb. And 
for this pedegree fee more largely in Beoly fol : 75. And in Inw T oods in Stinch- 
combe fol : 345. 



Stones Inne. tyCCtC alfo in this village is a remarkeable coirion Inne called Stones Inne, 

late Machms. v f e f u ]i to travellers betweene the Cities of Glouc and Briftoll, efpecially in the times 
nowe Gunnes. of the two great marts or faires holden at Briftoll on the daies of Si Paul and of 
S' James, in January and July, with 20. acres of land therto belonginge ; nowe the 
inheritance of Thomas Gunne, and by him in a° Rf Caroli purchafed of 

Thomas Machin ; And was by John Machin his father in a° Rf Jacobi 

purchafed of Richard Hicks, fecond fonne of Richard Hicks, To whom the faid 
Richard by his will in Eliz. Rne, devifed the fame in generall taile, havinge 

before in 2. et 3. Ph : et Mar, and by a fine in Micfcas terme after, purchafed the 
fame of Mathewe Goffe and Alice his wife, one of the daughters and coheires of 
Thomas Merfon ats Matfon, who alfo not longe before in 36. H. S. purchafed the 
other moity of Suzan Merfon ats Matfon her fifter, And which the faid Thomas 
Merfon ats Matfon, (then keeper of Whitcliffe parke,) purchafed in 7. H. 8. of 
Richard Pole of Cotes Efq^ and of Leonard his fonne and heire apparant ; which 
Leonard died in 30. H. 8, and was father of Sir Gyles who dyed in 30. Eliz : and 
was father of Sir Henry, father of Henry Pole that nowe is, a° 1639. Which 

Richard 



&tom 369 

Richard Pole was fecond fonne of John Pole of Chefhire ; | And was before the 363 
land of 

And is holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hame, by fute to his 
hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, And 

3©f)at I formerly faid fol : 356. mould bee further mentioned of Chantry land, More of Chantries. 
take heere ; That vpon the diffolucon of Chantries by the ftatute in 1. E. 6. the 
forementioned Chantry of Stone came to that kinge, who in the fecond yeare of his 
raigne granted the fame to Sir John Thyn knight and to Lawrence Hide gent, and 
their heires, by the name of, Totam illam Cantariam beatae Mariae in Ecclefia de 
Stone, And all lands tenemf and hereditaments therto belonginge, in the tenure of 
Simon Ellis and others, (recitinge them all) ; Of which Simon Ellis ats Eeles fee 
before in Snitend in Stinchcombe, as alfo of this Chantry, fol : [351.] The lands of 
which Chantry extended into Stone, Woodford, S wanly, Alkington, Hill, Berkeley 
and Stinchcombe ; To hold in free focage of the kinge, as of his Manor of Bulford 
in the County of Wilts, by fealty only : who the fame yeare fold againe the fame 
to Anthony Throckmerton and his heires, who alfo fhortly after by feverall fales 
retayled the fame, as in thofe townfhips in part appeareth, fol : [44, 90, 98, 1 16, 356] 

d§omtartjat more of this hamblet of Stone, efpecially for the tenure of parts 
therof, may bee read in theis records not formerly mentioned, vz, 

fflnis in banco 15. R. 2. pro Edm : ffourd et Jofra vxore eius. 

Rot. Claus 1. H. 4. in arce Londini. 

ffinis in banco 16. Eliz : inter Smith, Winter, et at, from Sergeant. 

Inqu : 20. Eliz : p! morte Mauricij Mallett. 

Inqu : 25. Eliz : p' morte Mathei Smyth af, in coin Somfet. 

Inqu : 9. Eliz : p'. morte Thome Sergeant. 

Inqu : 16. H. 8. p' morte Willi Try. 

Inqu : 29. Eliz : p' morte xpopheri Wefterdale. — p fervic mit. 

Inqu : 30. Eliz : p! morte Thome Tylladam — p fervic mit. 

Inqu : 42. Eliz : p' morte Rici Evered. — p fervic mit. 

Inqu : 44. Eliz : p' morte Thome Phelps. — p fervic mit. 

Inqu : 42. Eliz : p' morte Nicfti Thorpe Af. 

Inqu : 42. Eliz : p! morte Alicie Ward. — p fervie mit. 

Inqu : 12. Jacobi, p' morte Thome Mors. — p fervic mit. 

Inqu : 14. Rf Caroli p! morte Thome Mors, p ferviciu mit. 

A deed 

3 B VOL. Ill 



370 



364 blank 



illunbrcb of 23crftclcp 

A deed in Berkeley caftle dated on the day of the nativity of our bleffed lady 
a° 27. E. 1., wherby Agnes the widow of Robert de Stone releafed to Thomas 
lord Berkeley the fervices of 29. tenants which fhee held in Dower, perticulerly 
named in the deed : To hold to the faid lord duringe the minority of Thomas de 
Stone heire of the faid Robert, And then in ward to him. 

On the backe of which deed is thus anciently written : Scriptum Agnetis 
relicle Robti de Stone, fact Dno Tho: de Berket de diufis redd et fervic 
in Berkele, Hame, et Hineton. I 



365 SvoonfymQev. 

^itooilljlingcr ; corruptly called Saniger ; wherof before in the defcription of 
Hame, fol : 209. 

''3TI)tj$ is a fmall hamblet parcell of that Manor of Hame, lyinge within the 
ffalloe therof, confiftinge of 13. dwellinge houfes ; The moft eminent wherof is 
the inheritance of John Swonhunger ats Sanyger, A yonger branch difcended 
from the ancient old owners of that and many other faire lands, which by the heire 
female at the cofnon lawe, came into the name of Thorpe, as next I fhall write in 
the defcription of Wanifwell, fol : 367, where a good part yet remaine with Wittm 
Thorpe of Wanifwell heire therof; And a great part were aliened by George Thorpe 
his improvident father, who died in Virginia in 20° Jacobi. 

3£llD the faid John Swonhunger ats Saniger that nowe is, a 1639, is fonne of 
John who died , fonne of Maurice who died , fonne of Robert 

who died , fonne of William who died ; holden of the Manor of 

Hame by knight fervice, fute of Court, and by the yearly rents of vjl to the faid 
manor of Hame : And xij d to the manor of Hinton ; which were by divers deeds 
in 10. 12. et 14. H. 8. purchafed by the faid of 

Thomas Lewes ats Davis, fonne and heire of John Lewis. 



Stantons place. tycctc alfo is another ancient meffuage with 80. acres of land therto belonginge, 

the inheritance of George Lord Berkeley, which efcheated to his anceftor Wittm 
Marques Berkeley in the time of kinge E. 4. And was after by him in 4. H. 7. 
conveyed with his Manor of Hame, as parcell therof, to H. 7. and the heires males 

of 



JIDanstocH 371 

of his body, with Remainder to the right heires of him the faid Marques Berkeley : 
By the death of kinge E. 6. the iffue male of H. 7. failed, wherby Henry then lord 
Berkeley entred into that manor of Hame, and confequently into this meffuage, as 
beinge fonne and heire of Thomas lord Berkeley, fonne of Thomas, brother and 
heire of Maurice, fonnes of Maurice, brother and heire of the faid Marques 
Berkeley : And late was in the tenure of Wittm Mallet fonne of Maurice, And of 
Maurice fonne of the faid Wittm : And is nowe A . 1639. in the tenure of George 
Edmonds for life, by the demife of George lord Berkeley, grandchilde and heire to 
the faid lord Henry. When this meffuage efcheated it was the land of Richard 
Stanton, who dyed without heire generall or fpeciall, whofe widowe Margaret was 
after remaried to Brayne, and was endowed of this land, and died about 

H. 8. And was before it efcheated holden of the faid Manor of Hame 
by fute to the hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes [to 3. weekes,] and by 
the yearly rent of ; And was lett by kinge H. 8. to the faid Wittm Swonhunger, 
father of Robert, | father of John ; ffor mod of what is heerof written fee the Court 366 
Roll of Hame manor 7. H. 8. till that time. | 



ZDanswdL 367 

IBanjSitoril : Anciently in the time of kinge H. 2. written IDcnC.SitocH ; And in 
the time of kinge E. 1. it was written nDa\inC?tocUc ; Is an hamblett within the 
manor of Hame within the parifh of 23crhdcp, nowe confiftinge of 14. dwellinge 
houfes, but heertofore of greater extent and embracinge the forefaid hamblet of 
Swonhunger: The greater part wherof lately belonged to the family of the Thorpes, 
holden of the Lord Berkeley by knight fervice, by Cattle gard, by keepinge and 
defendinge the faireft and moft important tower in the cattle of Berkeley againft 
any affault or invafion, called Thorpes tower : And beinge by knight fervice canot 
bee aliened from the Cattle but remaines infeperable ; As are the booke cafes, i° 
Affifes. Brooke Tenures. 11. 19. E. 2. Affifes. fol : 399. Cooke Com. fol : 

Zi\C moft eminent meffuage of this hamblet is called Wanifwell Court, the 
ancient habitation of the family of the Thorpes, and nowe a° 1639. of Wittm 
Thorpe Efq^, captaine over 1 50. trayned fouldiers dwellinge in the villages round 
about him : An houfe defended on each fide with a well watered mott, fed with a 
frefh runninge fpringe arilinge not farre of nowe called Holy well, held to bee of 

vertue 



37 2 ^unorcb of 55crhdcp 

vertue and medecinable ; Anciently called Woden well or Wodenfwell, from the 
Goddeffe Woden the Idoll of our old Anceftors the paynim Saxons, of whom 
wee have the name of Wednefday, the third day of our weeke, as Verftegan faith 
fol : ; ffrom which goddeffe and this her well, have byn by our forefathers as 

tradition tells related fo many miracles and ftrange cures there wrought, that from 
the concurrence and confluence of all ages and fexes, meetinge at this vn-holy well, 
The proverbe arofe, which yet continueth ; That all the maids in Wanfwell, may 
dance in an egfhell : Ovid the wanton poet hath, 

Cafta eft, quam nemo rogavit. 
And 

Non caret effe6lu, quod voluere duo. 

This faire fpringe havinge in its courfe, watered the meadowe grounds belowe 
it, compaffeth well nigh three fourth parts of Berkeley Towne and Caftle, and that 
done, falls into Berkeley haven, where its frefhnes turneth fait. 

Capellain <0[ n 40. H. 3. A 1256. Wittm then Abbot of S5 Auguftines Monaftery by 

Briftoll, granted to Phillip de Leicefter (then hufband to I fable de Wanifwell, the 
widowe of Henry de Wanifwell, who held the capitall meffuage called Wanifwell 
Court in her right for her life, whom alfo fhee furvived) licentiam erigendi Capellam 
infra Curium fuam de Wenefwell, in qua, fibi, fuis hofpitibus, et familiae fuae divina 
fumptibus fuis faciet celebrare, exceptinge in the foure principall feafts, wherin they 
muft come to the mother Church of Berkeley. This I fable was daughter and heire 
to I 



368 jfrcrf)olD£ within this hamblet or village of Wanifwell, and of 

Swonhunger, which in many places lye intermingled, 
Cl)C ancienteft Deed that I have met with, or which I fuppofe is extant, nam- 
inge this hamblet, is in the time of kinge H. 2. in theis words ; 

3l9aicUl£ de Skencfrid omnibus hominibus et amicis fuis falutem. Sciatis me 
dediffe et conceffiffe Mauricio filio Nigelli pro fervicio fuo et homagio fuo, terram 
quam Walterus filius Alwini tenuit de me in Wenifwella, et ferviciu eiufdem terrae, 
et terram Wudewellegrof cu oibus ptinen fuis, fibi et heredibus fuis Tenend, de me 
et heredibus meis, in feodo et hereditate libere et quiete et integre et honorifice, 

Reddendo 



HDanstoril 

Reddendo inde fingulis annis ad feftm fci Michis vnam libram piperis vel fex 
denarios, ad voluntatem Mauricij vel heredum fuorum, pro omni fervicio, excepto 
regali fervicio, et qu fklcus Mauricius fecit mihi hummagium, dedit mihi de recog- 
nition tres marcas et dimid. Hijs teftibus, Dfio Mauricio de Berkel, Roberto filio 
eius, et Rico ffe eius, Magiftro Mauricio, Reg et Thoma Capellan, Adam fenef- 
challo, Adam filio Nigelli, Rico de Cuhulla, Helia de falfo marifco, Rogero de 
Stintefcombe, Bernardo de Stanes, Waltero filio Albti, Wilio de Paris, Rado 
de Stintefcombe, Robto Gaufell, Robto filio Senli, Rico puceru, Witto Wenri, 
Waltero de I wet, Bartholomeo de 01ep e , Henrico de Stanes, Petro de Haia, Rogero 
venatore, Rico filio Witti, Aluredo Janitore, et multis alijs. 

Alfo another deed fhortly after in theis words; Rogerus de Berket oibus hoibus 
et amicis fuis faltm. Sciatis me ad petitionem Mahet de Skenefrid conceffiffe et 
hac mea carta confirmaffe Mauricio filio Nigelli, Terram qua Waiterus filius Alwini 
tenuit de Mahelo apud Wenefwellam, que eft de feodo meo, et ferviciti eiufdem 
terre, et terram Wudewellegroft cu oibus ptinen fuis, TenencT de eod Mahelo et 
hered fuis libere quiete et integre et honorifice, ficut carta pMci Maheli teftatur. 
His teftibus &c. the fame 26. Which fhewes that this and the former Deed were 
fealed at one time, And at the fame meetinge, dinner or fupper, accordinge to the 
vfe of thofe times. 

Cf)i£ ancient meffuage called Wanefwell Court came after a fewe yeares in the 
time of kinge H. 3. to bee the inheritance of Henry de Wenefwell, fonne of Henry, 
of whom read in the page before ; who by his deed without date, for 100. mks 
fterlinge, fold to Robert de Stanes and his heires, Totam Curiam fuam apud 
Wanefwell, and all the lands therto belonginge, with the revertion of the lands 
there which I fable his mother held in Dower, To hold of the cheife Lord by the 
rents and fervices accuftomed. 

And about the fame time the faid Henry de Wanefwell by his like deed with- 
out date, for 112. markes fterlinge, fold All his lands and tenemV in Stone and 
Woodford to the faid Robert de Stanes and his heires, with the Revertion of the 
lands there which I fable his mother held in Dower : To hold of the cheefe lord by 
the rents and fervices accuftomed. 

25p a deed without date, the faid Henry de Wenefwell filius et heres magiftri 
Phillippi de Leicefter, releafed to Thomas lord Berkeley a place in Windmilfeild, 
with the Windmill there built, in fee. 

23p 



374 I^unbrcb of 25crfericp 

23p a deed without date, Robert le Breht conveyed to Phillip of Leicefter and 
his heires divers lands in and about Wanifwell, To hold of him by 6 d . rent ; And 
releafed him the faid Phillip from fute to his Court in Hinton. | 

369 2?p another deed without date, Ifable the widowe of Phillip de Leic' fold to 

Maurice lord Berkeley and his heires, The wood called Barndewood, (nowe Burn- 
wood,) which the faid lord Maurice had of the grant of the faid Phillip, lyinge in 
Hinton ; And Hildebrugg fomtime wife of Thomas Mathias, granted the faid wood 
to the faid Lord Maurice, which fomtime belonged to her freehold, faith this Deed ; 
See fol : 222. 

Ct)C faid Robert de Stone ats Stanes dyed in 27. E. 1. And by Agnes his wife, 
who furvived him, leaft iffue Thomas de Stone who died in 9. E. 2. And by 
Alienor his wife who furvived him, leaft iffue two daughters, vz, Jone and Alice ; 
J one was maried to John Sergeant, of whofe iffue and difcent I have formerly 
written, fol : 356. 

Ci)C faid Alice was within age at her fathers death, and therby in ward to 
Thomas lord Berkeley for part of this land, and was maried to John Swonhunger 
fonne of John Swonhunger : And had iffue betweene them Thomas and Witim : 
Thomas died fhortly after his mother without iffue, And William was his brother 
and heire ; And by Ifable his firft wife had iffue Elias Swonhunger Of whom after : 
And by Jone his fecond wife daughter of John Larrenge had noe iffue that I have 
found. 

25cttDCCnc theis fifters Jone and Alice and their hufbands, one partition by a 
Deed in french was made in 3. E. 3. wherby the lands afwell in Over ftone as in 
Lower ftone, and alfo the lands in Woodford, were allotted to Jone and her heires : 
And theis lands in Wanifwell were allotted to Alice and her heires. 

31 lib alfo one other partition was after made in 21. E. 3, betweene the faid 
Wittm Swonhunger fonne of the faid Alice, And his cozen Jone wife of Walter 
Hurft, daughter and heire of Jone maried to John Sergeant, wherby either of them 
had part of the lands in Nibley, &c. as before fol : 280. 281. 

3Cllb alfo a third partition was by another deed made in 27. E. 3. betweene 
the faid Wittm Swonhungre brother and heire of Thomas, and John Serieant the 

yonger, 



t©ait0tocH 375 

yonger, of their faid anceftors lands in Hame, Came, Stinchcombe, Kingefcote, and 
Hafelcote, (except the fifhinge in the river of Severne,) wherby to the faid William 
were allotted the lands in Kingfcote and Hafilcote, wherof I have formerly written, 
fol : 252, in Kingefcote : And to the faid John were allotted the lands in Hame, 
Came, and Stinchcombe. 

Cf)C forefaid Elias Swonhunger, fonne of Wittm Swonhunger and of Ifable his 
wife maried Ifable daughter and coheire of John de Albiniaco ats Albeny, who 
brought with her the third part of a third part of the Manor of Kingefholme by 
Glouc, wherof the Exchequer records in the office of the Remembrancer to the lord 
Treaforer, in regard the tenure is in Capite by knight fervice, are loaden, and make 
more then 20. times mention : By which Ifable hee had iffue Elias Swonhunger, who 
died in R. 1., havinge had noe iffue by Tibota his fecond wife the widowe of 
Richard Reeves; And the faid Elias, fonne of Elias and Ifable, died in 13. R. 2, and 
by J one his wife daughter of John Bill left iffue John Swonhungre, who was in ward 
for theis lands to Thomas then lord Berkeley, and died without iffue in 3. H. 4. | 
And Ifable and Elizabeth were his fifters and heires ; Which Elizabeth was maryed 370 
to James Gaynor of Kingfholme Efq,, and died after without iffue ; And the faid 
Ifable was her fifter and heire then maried to John Thorpe of Briftoll, who furviv- 
inge his wife dyed in 19. H. 6. And John Thorpe called the younger was their 
fonne and heire, who firft maried Ifable by whom hee had noe iffue and fecondly 
maried Margaret the daughter of Toite, by whom hee had iffue Richard 

Thorpe and Margery ; which Margery was in 9. E. 4. maried to Wittm Davis of 
Durfley, Of whom and the land given in manage with her more followeth, and 
of her iffue, fol : 379. And dyed in 9. E. 4. Concerning which John Thorpe iun 
and Margaret his wife, See a fine in the Court of Comon pleas, wherby in 34. H. 6. 
they purchafed of John Bulledon and Alice his wife, one meffuage, one Carucate of 
land, 15. acres of meadowe and 8. acres of wood, and 7 s 81 rent in Wike, Lorwinch, 
Walingafton, Berkeley, Hame, Alkington, and Halmer, in fee. 



forefaid Richard Thorpe in 37. H. 6. maried Margery daughter and heire 
of Wittm Loffe of Monmouth, by whom hee had a faire inheritance there and in the 
villages adioyninge ; And dyed in 6. H. 8, whom the faid Margery furvived and 
dyed in 10. H. 8. leavinge iffue betweene them Thomas Thorpe, who was Receiver 
to Maurice Lord Berkeley, and went with him in the Army which in 5. H. 8. was 
fent into Spaine, and died in 17. H. 8. leavinge iffue Thomas Thorpe by Alice his 
firft wife, daughter of Daftin ; but by Jone his fecond wife had noe iffue. 

€fje 



376 ^un&rcD of 53crhricp 

Cf)C faid Thomas Thorpe fonne of Thomas and Alice, was in minority at his 
fathers death and therby in ward to kinge H. 8. for his faid land in Kingfholme: And 
after maried Margaret daughter of William Throgmorton of Tortworth, and dyed 
in 34. H. 8. leaving iffue Nicholas by the faid Margaret, who after her faid hufbands 
death was remaried to Welfh, whom alfo fhee furvived, and dyed at Berkeley 

in 9. Eliz. Rne, 1566. The faid Nicholas Thorpe fonne of Thomas and Margaret, 
was alfo in ward to the kinge for his faid land of Kingfholme, And in 7° Eliz: maried 
Mary the daughter of Chriftopher Wikes ats Mafon, neece to Sir John Mafon a 
Counfellor of State ; by which manage hee had the manor of Charelton in Middle- 
fex ; by whom hee had iffue George Thorpe and others ; and after her death maried 
Anne daughter of Hill, and widowe of Wittm Laverence ats Laurance of 

Canonbury by Berkeley, who was till his death in 20. Eliz : Steward to Henry lord 
Berkeley of his lands in this hundred of Berkeley : By which Anne, who longe 
furvived him, hee alfo had iffue : And the faid Nicholas died in 42. Eliz : And the 
faid George the fame yeare maried Margaret daughter of Sir Thomas Porter by 
whom hee had noe iffue : And after in 8° Rf Jacobi, maried Margaret daughter 
and heire of David Harris of Briftoll, by whom his eftate was much inlarged with 
lands there; And by her had iffue William Thorpe aforefaid, John and Margaret; 
And after fhee had 7. yeares furvived her hufband, died at Wanifwell in 5'° Rf 
Caroli ; And the faid George Thorpe before his goeinge into Virginia in 18 
371 Rf Jacobi, where hee dyed | the fecond yeare after, fold away, (befides his other 
lands in other Counties formerly mentioned,) theis parcells followinge in the 
hundred of Berkeley, nowe this yeare, 1639. the feverall inheritances of 33. men, 
as followeth, vz, 

William Hopton in right of Agnes his wife, daughter and heire of Thomas 
Buddinge 



Thomas Smyth of Wanifwell fonne and heire of Mathew Smith, (dead this 
7 ,h of October, 1639. as I was in holdinge the law day at Berkeley for this hundred, 
And in reveiwe of this hamblett of Wanifwell,) 



John Turner, 

John 



HDmt£todl 377 

John Richards, 

John Clutterbooke 

Giles Hiett | 

George Lewes 372 

William Jones gent 

Thomas Mors 

George Clutterbooke 

John Winfton 

Robert Baily, fonne of Thomas Bayly of Hame | 

William Tought 373 

Beniamin Pinckett 

Jane Howell 



Thomas Tyndall, nowe (for other lands) in ward to the kinge, holdeth 3. acres 
of land in Achinton, in the Tithinge of Alkington. 

John 
3 c VOL. Ill 



378 $unbreo of 23crhricp 

'John Smith, of Berkeley heath 
James Hart, | 
374 George Carpenter 

James Clutterbooke, 
John Griffith, 
Richard Laverence, 
John Havard, 

Thomas Smyth, cozen and heire of John Smyth, 
375 Thomas Kellinge 

James Taught 
Richard Dangerfeild 
And the faid William Thorpe himfelfe, I 



3tn& 



JlDiinjaitoen 379 

3Cntl for more of this hamblett of Wanefwell and of the tenure of the forefaid 376 
lands, And for proofe of the pedegree before laid downe, take theis records, vz, 
Inqu : 16. R. 2. pars 1, p! morte Johis Gifford. 
Liber Relevio^ in Term Hillar. 4. H. 4. cm Rein Thefaur in Sccio. 
Mictias Rec. ibm. 17. H. 6. 

Rot. finium. 22. R. 2. membr : 14. — per fervic militare. 
Inqu : 22. R. 2. p'. morte J obis Swonhunger. — per fervic mil. 
Rot. Claus. 22. R. 2. pars. 2. membr. 11. — per fervic mit. 
Inqu : 6. E. 4. p'. mortem Agnetis Baffett. 
Inqu : 6. H. 8. p'. mortem Rici Thorpe. — p fervic mit. 
Inqu : 35. H. 8. p' mortem Thomas Thorpe. — per fervic mit. 
Inqu : 9. E. 4. pi mortem Johis Thorpe. 
Micftas Rec. 3. H. 8. Rot. 3. in fcio cm Rem Thefaur. 
ffines de Term Triii. 7. H. 8. Rot. 1. in Sccio ibm. 
ffines de Term Hitt : 12. H. 8. Rot. 3. ibm. 
Originall : 6. H. 8. Rot. 7. ibm. 
Micfias Rec- 9. Eliz : Rot. 168- ibm. 
Inqu : 42. Eliz : p'. mortem Nicfti Thorpe. — p fervic mit. 
Inqu : 21. Jacobi, p! mortem Georgij Thorpe. — p fervic mit. 
A fuite in the Court of wards in Terme, Caroli, George lord 

Berkeley pit, Wittm Edwards def — very good for all the purchafers 
names and lands purchafed. — In Berkeley caftle. 
Diufi Rotuli Curiae mareij de Hame, 42. Eliz : 
Compi Man'ij de Hame, 2° Jacobi. 

Cf)C tenure alfo of part of this land may feeme to bee created by a Deed 
indented without date, made by Thomas lord Berkeley the fecond of that name, 
to the forementioned Thomas de Stone fonne of Robert, Of two yard land in 
Wanifwell, And of a feild called Windmilfeild, and of a pafture ground called Old 
fifh were, And of 2. acres of land at Stone in Hame, And of 4. acres of land at 
Woodford in Alkington, To hold to him the faid Thomas de Stone and the heires 
of his body, vnder the yearly rent of — 4 1 '.' for all fervices, falvo regali fervicio &c, 
et falva fecla magnse Curia fuae de Berkeley de tribus feptiman in tres feptimafi. 
Which rent and fervices are to this day paid and done, 1639. | 

f^CCZC alfo is an other meffuage (one of the former 14. in Wanifwell), called 377 
Smythes place, the inheritance of Thomas Smyth, fonne and heire of Mathew Smyt es P a< 

aforenamed 
3 c 2 



380 J^unbrcb of 25crfericp 

aforenamed, fonne of Thomas who died Eliz:, forme of William who died in 

1° Eliz : and of his wife daughter of , heire in taile to John Neel of 

Swonhunger, to whom and to the heires of his body John Sergeant of Stone granted 
the fame by Deed, in theis words ; 

<©mnibll£ xpi fidelibus ad quos prefens fcriptm indentatum pvenSit, Johes 
Sergeant de Stone faltm in Dfio ; Noveritis me dediffe conceffife et hoc pnti 
fcripto meo confirmaffe Johanni Neel de Swonhungre, Omnia terras et teiita quae 
quondam Wittus de Swonhunger de me tenuit ad terminum vite fue, in Hame: 
H abend" et Tenend oia pMca terras et tehta, cum pratis, pafcuis, pafturis, bofcis, 
hais, foffatis, et oibus alijs vbiq^ fuis ptinen pfato Johi Neel et hered de corpore fuo 
legittime procreatis, de me et hered meis, libere, quiete, bene, et in pace, iure here- 
ditario, &c. Reddendo inde ahuatim mihi et hered meis vnu denariu ad feftm fci 
Michis, et heriet cum accident fcdm confuetud patriae, Et reddendo inde et faciendo 
pro me et hered meis Dfio de Berkeley oia alia fervicia inde debita et de iure con- 
fueta. Et fi contingat pMcm Johem Neel fine herede de corpore fuo tittime procreat 
obire, quod abfit, tunc oia pMca terrse et tefita cm oibus fuis ptinen mihi et hered 
meis integre revertantur. Et ego verb pdcus Johes Sergeant et heredes mei oia 
pMca terras et tenta, cm oibus eo£ ptinen, pMco Johi Neel et hered de corpore fuo 
legittime procreatis in forma pMca, contra omnes homines warrantizabimus et 
defendemus. In cuius rei teftimonium pfentibus figillum meum appofui. H[i]is 
Teftibus, Johe Belin, Henric de Egeton, Waltero Machen, Johe le hurne, Rico 
Gilman, et alijs. Dat apud Berkeley die Jovis prox poft feftm fci Ambrofij, Anno 
regni Regis Edwardi tercij poft conqueftm — xxxvi'. 

Cbi£ 40 5 I have knowne the faid Mathewe Smyth (with whom the deed 
remaineth), to pay more then 40. yeares, And to doe fute to the hundred Court 
of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes ; who hath affirmed to mee, that the 
eftate taile created by the faid Deed, as yet remaineth, not docked or difcontinued, 
wherof I fomwhat doubt : And for the penny referved 1 fliall after write, and alfo 
for the heriot. 

Cfjcrc is alfo another Deed of this land made 6. yeares before the former, in 
theis words, vz, 

<Omnibll0 ad quos prefens fcriptum pvenerit, Wittus Swonhunger frater e? 
heres Thome Swonhunger de Wanefwell, faltm in Dho. — Noveritis me infpexiffe 

quoddam 



MDanjetocH 381 

quoddam fcriptm per Jofcem Swonhunger patrem meum factum Johi filio Ifoldrc 
Neel, Ifabellae et Johi filio eo^dem, in hec verba. Omnibus xpi fidelibus ad 
quos prefens fcriptm pvenerit, Johes filius et heres Johis Swonhunger faltm. 
Noveritis me tradidiffe concefiiffe et hoc pfenti fcripto meo confirmaffe Johi filio 
Ifoldae Neel, Ifabelle vxori fuae, et Jotii filio eoa de pMca Ifabella tittime procreat, 
Totum illud tenementum quod Ifolda Neel aliquando tenuit in Swonhunger, Habend 
et tenentT totu pMcm tentum, vz, meffuagiu, Curtilagiu, gardih, terras, prata pafcua 
et paftuf, cm oibus vbiq^ ptinen fuis didlo tenemento adiacentibus de me et hered 
meis, fklcis Johi, Ifabelle vxori fue, et Johi filio eo£ de pMca Ifabella legittime 
procreat quamdiu vixerint et vni eo£ diutius viven, libere, quiete, integre, bene et 
in pace, ReddencT annuatim mihi et hered" meis decern folidos argenti ad quatuor 
anni terminos principales. Quod quidem fcriptm et oia in eo contenta, vz, Totum 
tentum p>dcm cu oibus fuis ptinen pdeo Johi filio Johis, filio Ifoldae de pMca Ifabella 
legittime pcreat, | Agneti vxori eius et hered de corpore pPdci Johis filij Johis filij 37^ 
Ifoldse legittime procreat, ratifico et confirmo per prefentes imperpetuum. Tenend 
de me et hered meis vel meis affignatis per fervicia in pMco fcripto nominata ; Et fi 
pdcus Johes filius Johis filij Ifoldse fine herede de corpore fuo legittime procreat, 
obierit, tunc totm pdem tentum cm oibus fuis ptinen mihi et heredibus meis integre 
revertatur : Et ego pMcus Johes Swonhunger et heredes mei totm pdem tentum cm 
oibus fuis ptinen dco Johi filio Johis filij Ifoldse, Agneti vxori eius, et hered de 
corpore pdei Johis filij Johis filij Ifoldse legittime procreat, contra oes gentes 
warrantizabimus et defendemus imperpetuum. In cuius rei teftimonium huic 
fcripto confirmationis indentato figillum predicli Johis filij Johis, filij Ifoldae, et 
figillum meum alternatim funt appenfa. Hijs teftibus, Johe Sergeant, Johe Caple, 
Johe Draicote, Henrico de Egeton, Thome Pain, Johe Bill, et alijs. Dat apud 
Berkeleie die Dominica proxime poft feftm pafche, Anno regni regis Edwardi 
tercij poft conqueftum, Tricefimo. 

^tjijBf is the Deed which is in force at this day, as Mathew Smyth hath faid 
to mee. And this, in the forefaid partition of 27. E. 3. vnder the word Hame, 
(within which manor it is,) was allotted to Sergeant. [See ante, fo. 281.] 

Of this land John Peers of Combe hath, in Caroli, purchafed two acres 

of meadowe in Matford, of Thomas Smyth fonne and heire of the faid Mathewe. 

€f)i£ Mathewe Smyth (nowe vpon his late death difcended to Thomas his Hills place 
fonne and heire,) hath alfo one other ancient meffuage in the hamblet of H aimer, 

within 



382 Bunbrcb of 25crfcdcp 

within the manor of Hame, with divers lands belonginge therto, called Hills place, 
nowe decayed and become pafture ground, which hath continued and runne alonge 
the former lyne as aforefaid, but originally diftincl: from the forefaid meffuage called 
Smythes place. 

Inqu : 21? mcij. 15. Rf Caroli p' mortem Mathei Smyth, (qui obijt 7° 
Octobr. a° pd",) findeth this meffuage and all the lands therto belonginge very 
pticulerly in Wanifwell, to bee holden of the lord Berkeley as of his Manor of 
Hame, by fute to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekes, and 
by the yearly rent of 40* And by knight fervice : And Thomas to bee his fonne 
and heire. The jury were all of his next neighbours, And for moft part fuch as 
had lands of the fame, and of the fame tenure ; And is the firft leadinge office of 
this land. | 

379 ^Tn the vtter fkirts of Wanifwell towards Berkeley towne is an ancient meffuasre 

Wikefelme. . 

late Buddings! w i tn 55 acres of land belonginge therto, late the inheritance of Thomas Buddinge 

nowe Morfe. high Bayly to Henry late lord Berkeley of his hundred of Berkeley, who died in 

18° Rf Jacobi, fonne of John Buddinge who died 10° Eliz : ffrom which Thomas 

Buddinge the faid meffuage and lands difcended to Agnes his only daughter and 

heire, firft maried to John Mors of Came who dyed in 8. Rf Jacobi, as the Inqui- 

ficbn or office that yeare found after his death fheweth; By whom the faid Agnes 

hath iffue Thomas Mors yet livinge, vpon whom the fee is fetled : And the faid 

Agnes was fhortly after remarried to Wittm Hopton, by whom fhee hath iffue Wittm 

Hopton and others yet livinge, 1639, abidinge vpon this meffuage : which is holden 

(as the reft of Wanifwell is) of the lord Berkeley, by knight fervice and fute to his 

hundred Court of Berkeley from three weekes [to three weeks,] And by the yearly 

rent of — 1 1*. paid to the faid Lords manor of Hame wherin it lyeth : And was 

fevered from the capitall meffuage called Wanifwell Court or manor of Wanifwell 

aforementioned, by a Deed made by Margaret Thorpe the widowe of John Thorpe 

and by Richard Thorpe their fonne, bearinge date 1° Septembr. a° 9° E. 4, to 

Wittm Davis of Durfiey and Margery his wife daughter of the faid John Thorpe 

and fifter of the faid Richard, whervpon was a rent of— n! referved to bee paid 

to the faid Manor of Hame, paid at this day, as is aforefaid. 



3tnb (as if the meaninge of fome of thofe parties had byn miftaken), a newe 
deed was made the 21^ day of the faid September, a° 9. E. 4. pel, by the faid 
Margaret the widowe of the faid John Thorpe and by Richard Thorpe their eldeft 

fonne, 



f©anstocH 383 

fonne, to the faid William Davis of Durfley and Margery his wife daughter of the 
faid John Thorpe, and to the heires of their bodies, Rendringe to the faid Richard 
Thorpe and his heires one pound of Comin, and heriot after every deceafe for ever. 
Which William Davis and Margery had iffue John Davis who died , and 

left iffue John Davis thelder of Durfley aforefaid, who dyed in 27. H. 8. as the 
office or Inqu : found that yeare after his death doth fhewe : And howe hee left 
the fame to Nicholas Davis his grandchilde, fonne of John, fonne of him the faid 
John Davis th'elder, faid therin to bee holden of the Manor of 23cchdcp by 1 i* 
yearly rent for all fervices, And that the faid Nicholas was then but 15. yeares old; 
After the death of which Nicholas it came to Anfelme Davis, who by Deed in i° 
Eliz : and by a fine in Hillary Terme 2° Eliz : fold the fame to John Buddinge 
aforefaid ; By whofe death in 10. Eliz : p\t, the fame difcended to the forefaid 
Thomas his fonne, father of the faid Agnes, firft maryed to Mors and after to 
Hopton as above is written. 

3Cnb this meffuage and land was in 32. H. 6. purchafed by the faid John 
Thorpe of Nicholas Stanfhawe and Margery his wife, and are mentioned to lye in 
Berkeley, Wike, Hinton, Lawrenge, Hame, Walingafton, Alkington, and H aimer, 
(all places neere adioyninge,) And which the faid Nicholas Stanfhawe and Margery 
recovered againft Wittm Browne and Agnes his wife in 7. H. 5. by the name of 
one meffuage 40. acres of land and 9. acres of meadowe in Berkeley : ffor which 
fee the Records in Micftas terme 7. H. 5. Rot. 6. in banco. And Hillary Terme 
after. Rot. 43. in banco p\lco. | 

3Cl1& (for the antiquity of the name of Buddinge in this hundred of 23ctkdcp), 380 
I will in this place note out of Deeds in Berkeley Cattle, That the aforementioned n a me & g dif cenl 
John Buddinge father of the faid Thomas was heire male lyneally difcended from 
Wittm Buddinge, to whom Adam the fonne of Nigell of Swonhunger in the time 
of kinge R. 1 . gave in frankmarriage with Alice his fifter, the 4 th part of one yard 
land in Bevington ; Which Wittm Buddinge and Alice had iffue John Buddinge, 
from whom was John Buddinge, from whom was an other John Buddinge, from 
whom was William Buddinge who lived in the time of kinge E. 3, from whom was 
John Buddinge in the time of R. 2, from whom was Wittm Budding livinge in 
1. E. 4, father of John Buddinge; To whofe daughter and heire called Margaret 
maryed to Thomas Dagge of Harryftoke neere Briftoll, this land difcended by 
force of the forefaid frankmariage, and not to the brother of the faid John : Which 
Thomas Dagge and Margaret had iffue William Dagge, father of Wittm, father of 

Samuell, 



384 



^unbrcti of 2$crhdcp 

Samuell, who in 30° Eliz : (the yeare after the death of his father,) was hanged at 
Ilchefter in the county of Sonnet, for felony by him comitted in the life of his 
father, wherby this 4^ part of the faid yard land efcheated to Henry then lord 
Berkeley, Of whofe Manor of Hame the fame was holden ; And is nowe, a° 1639, 
in the tenure of James Atwood for his life at — 10* rent : And hath for many yeares 
paft byn called Gennes houfe, or Dags land : Howbeit the pofterity of the younger 
brother of the laft mentioned John Buddinge is bleffed with a larger portion of 
livelihood, and more fucceffefull, as before appeares. 

<©f this name and kindred lived Wittm Buddinge in 8. H. 7, and Thomas 
Buddinge of Wike, And John Buddinge of Bradflon in 10. H. 8, And John 
Buddinge, and John his fonne in i° Marise, in this hundred, as divers Court Rolls 
doe fhewe. 



Butlers lands 
fomtimes 
Oldlands. 



381 



f^CCZC alfo in Wanifwell are divers lands and Tenements called Butlers, con- 
taininge So. acres of land meadowe and pafture, and 2. groves of wood of 5. acres, 
which Nicholas Thorpe father of George Thorpe by deed dated 18° Oclobr 14° 
Eliz : Rne, purchafed of Anne daughter and heire of Thomas Butler, And wherof 
fhortly after a fyne was levied by her the faid Anne and ffrancis Butler her halfe 
brother, to the faid Nicholas Thorpe, in Eafter Terme after a° 1 5'? Eliz : pVi. Which 
faid Anne had two other brothers (of the wholl bloud,) Henry, who died 1° Eliz : 
and Wittm who dyed 1 1° Eliz : both of them without iffue : And were the children 
of Thomas Butler who died in 4'° Mar Rne; And which the faid Thomas in 14. 
H. 8. plchafed of John Oldland, fonne of Thomas Oldland, fonne of John Oldland 
who dyed feized of theis lands in i m0 R. 3. And were before the lands of John 
Sergeant of Stone, who by his deed in 37. E. 3. granted the fame to Walter Oldland, 
and to the heires | males of his body, refervinge the yearly rent of 20* and an heriot 
after every deceafe, And doinge the fervices due to his cheife Lord therof, by the 
name of Totum capitale meffuagium meum apud Wanfwell, cum crofto, bofcis, 
terris, &c. quae mihi accidebant iure hereditario poft mortem patris mei ; And are 
not the lands called Oldlands place formerly mentioned in Halmer fol : 223. 



JpOtC further, that the faid Wittm Butler brother of the faid Anne was an 
Ideott from his birth, And foe found by two Inquificons in 9. et 15. Eliz : feized of 
85. acres of land (inter alia) holden of the lord Berkeley in foccage by the yearly 
rent of — 17! io d ob : for all fervices; And was brother and heire of Henry, who 
died ten yeares before the faid William. Which Inquificon in 9"° Eliz: mentioneth 

all 



3*5 



Richards lands 
of the bay. 



HDangtocH 

all theis lands in pticuler, and findeth fome of them to bee holden of the faid 
Nicholas Thorpe, whofe purchafe therof abovementioned deftroyed his menalty, 
and foe came to bee holden as Wanfwell Court it felfe : And the Inqu : i6'? Eliz : 
p' morte Witti Butler is more plaine and perticuler in all the premiffes, wherto I 
referre you. 

^fll Wanfwell alfo is another ancient meffuage with divers lands therto belong- 
inge, the inheritance of John Ricards of the Bay, fonne of John Ricards who died 
, fonne of Wittm Ricards who died , brother and heire of John 

Ricards who died 30. Eliz:, fonnes of John Ricards who died in 6'.° Eliz:, fonne of 
John Ricards who died in i° Eliz:, fonne of John, who died , fonne 

of Wittm who died , fonne of that John Ricards who by his deed in 2. 

H. 7. (the yeare hee dyed) entayled this meffuage and land vpon the faid William 
his fonne: In which firname of Ricards ats Richards, (diftinguifhed from another 
family of the fame name by a Bay tree at his doore, That other from a vine, called 
Richards of the vine,) theis lands have continued fince the time of kinge E. 2. at 
the leaft : And are holden of the lord Berkeley as of his manor of Hame, by fute 
to his hundred Court of Berkeley from 3. weekes to 3. weekf , The yearly rent of 
— 4 s But whether in focage or by knight fervice I have not obferved, of old : But 
by a faire Court Roll in 30. Eliz : written and engroffed with the proper hand of 
Humphrey Alfop then high Steward, they are holden by knight fervice : And foe 
alfo is the Court roll of Hame in paper 29. Eliz : | 

i^fcrc alfo is a meffuage and 53. acres of land in Wanfwell, holden of George 382 
lord Berkeley as of his Caftle of Berkeley hemes in foccage by fealty only, as is Stumpes land 
found by an Inquificon after the death of Sir James Stumpe in 5 1 ? Eliz : Rne, pars. 1. 
And that Elizabeth the wife of Sir Henry Knevet was his daughter and heire, then 
20. yeares old. ffor more Records heerof fee fol : 258 in Lorrenge. 



And theis lands are nowe the inheritance of | 



384} bknk 



J©artf) : See in Slimbridge. fol : 329. 
HDcsttm : See Kingfwefton. fol: 255. 
JDcstrtDffC tDOOD : See in Wotton. fol : 403. 
HDIijitdiffc parfef : See in Hame. fol: 210. 
IDirliStoVuc See Hame. fol: 214. 

3 D VOL. Ill 



l©orrtjp 



385 



386 $)untorcb of SScrhricu 

3Dorti)p parftc: See in Hame fol : 210. And in Alkington, fol : 30. 

DDortlcp, an hamblet of the Manor of Wotton. See fol : 419. 

IDolpcit. See Owlepen. fol : 309. 

JDitncp mcaootoc, ais IDtjitncp mcno : Slimbr : fol : 325. 

JDikC iuxta 3trlmgl)tlttl. See Arlingham fol : 56. 

UDtRC Court, See Bainham, fol: 71. See Pedington, fol: 313. And in the 

backe of this leafe. 
XDlhc ats <U3olDC£to)ihc. See Alkington, fol : 30. and after. 
iPifec ats SDapgcroii# Ulihc : See Alkington, fol : 30, and after. | 

386 Wikc Court : Of the name of Wike are divers ancient meffuages and hamblets 

within this hundred, As Wike iuxta Arlingham, often written Arlingham Wike, 
wherof before fol : 56. And Wike ats Goldefwike, wherof before fol : 30. &c. And 
Wike ats Dangervils Wike, wherof before fol : 30. &c. And alfo the little village 
or hamblet in Alkington tithinge, neere vnto Nibley, wherof before fol : 33. &c. 
And Wikefelme in Wanifwell neere Berkeley in Hamsfallowe. Of one ancient 
capitall meffuage or manor houfe wherin called Wike Court, I write, the inheritance 
of John Turner, whofe father John Turner, who died in Rf Caroli, did in 

Jacobi purchafe the fame of ffrancis Dingley, fonne of Henry Dingley, fonne of 
John Dingley ; To which John and the heires males of his body kinge H. 8. 12° 
ffebr : a . 9° rni fui, by his Lfes patents of that date, gave the fame, togeather with 
the ffarmes capitall meffuages or little manors of Bainham and Pedington, which 
fee before fol : [71, 313] 

And vpon the fales therof there mentioned made by the faid ffrancis Dingley, 
foe fcattered all his lands anciently to this meffuage belonginge, lyinge on that fide 
the parifh of 25crHdcp, that not above 12. acres of ground is now remaininge to 
this ancient meffuage called Wike Court, which is holden of the kinge in capite by 
knights fervice. 

Of this fee before fol : 71. et fol : 313. | 



387 IDoobforb. 

lDoooforb : It is one of the hamblets wherof the manor of Alkington confifteth: 
wherof fee before fol : 30. 

The 



UDooDmancotc 3 8 7 

The Saxons our anceflors endeavoured to fafhion their names of places after 
a certaine naturall force and reafon taken from the fcituacion of the place it felfe, 
moft cofnonly, vt fons, vt nemus, (as heere), vt campus placuit, as Tacitus faith of 
the old Germanes, whofe ofspringe wee are. This terminacon endinge in (forb), 
manifeftly declaringe the paffage which heere is over the river, by the fide of the 
wood heere called Michael wood. | 

388 blank 



IDoobmancotc. 38q 

iBooDmanCOtC : Anciently written JDotJCmnitCCOtC, is an ancient manor within 
the parifh of Durfley holden of George lord Berkeley as of his manor of Berkeley, 
by halfe a knights fee and fute to his hundred Court of 25crkdcp from 3. weekes to 
3. weeks ; And before the fhatteringe therof by feverall fales as followeth, extended 
into Woodmancote, Durfeley, Came, Nybley, Wotton, Stancombe, Goldefwike, 
Dangervilfwike, and Slimbridge, as followeth amongft the purchafors therof, 

The fcituation of the Capitall meffuage and manor houfe of this village or 
Townfhip of Woodmancote, affureth vs from whence the name is derived : As that 
it was the Cote or dwellinge houfe of the Wood-man or Woodward wholly almoft 
inclofed with the woods of that manor, and of the manor of Durfeley lyinge to- 
geather : As alfo did fpacious woods of other manors to them alfo adioyninge. 

jfot the old ancient owners of this Woodmancote, from the time of Wittm the 
Conqueror or before vntill the time, of kinge H. 3. I referre you to what I have 
formerly written of Draifies land, ats Donyngs, in Nibley, fol : 286. And in that 
kings raigne it was the land of Otho ats Otto, the fonne of William ; and of Wittm 
the fonne of Otto ; I fuppofe that two of that name fucceeded one the other ; And 
after of Thomas the fonne of Otto, who dyinge in 2. E. 1. left it to Otto his fonne, 
then but nyne yeares old, as an Inquifiom found after his death in that yeare 
fheweth : ffrom whom it came to Robert de Swineburne, who dyinge in 19. E. 2. 
left the fame to his fonne Thomas de Swyneburne ; And after it came to Margery 
Swyneburne, vpon whofe death in 16. E. 3. controverfy arofe about this Manor, 
And Warren fitj Warren (who dwelt where I nowe doe,) crept into the poffefllon 
therof, who after, with Thomas his brother and Katherine their fifter, in 25. E. 3. 

aforefaid, 



388 ^unorco of 23crhricp 

aforefaid, releafed all their intereft to another Robert de Swyneborne and his heires; 
ffrom whom by his Deed inrolled in the Court of Coition pleas the faid 25. E. 3. 
Rot. 2. it came to William de Cheltenham and William de Wefthall, and their 
heires, who beinge two fervants in the houfe of Thomas lord Berkeley the third of 
that name, accordinge to the Truft in them repofed, conveyed the fame to the Lady 
Katherine then the fecond wife of him the faid Lord Berkeley, and to Maurice 
their fonne (then very younge,) and to the heires males of his body, with divers 
other remainders over, As by the Deed in Berkeley caftle appeares : By which pur- 
chafe and entayle this manor came vnto and fetled in Sir John Berkeley, brother 
and heire male of the faid Maurice, for that the faid Maurice in his minority dyed 
without iffue ; Which Sir John Berkeley, after the death of the faid lady Katherine 
who dyed in 9. R. 2, held this Manor and dyed feized therof to him and the heires 
males of his body in a° 6. H. 6. leavinge iffue Maurice Berkeley, father of Maurice 
ggo and I Edward : Which Maurice had iffue William ; Which Wittm dyed without 
iffue male, And the faid Edward was his vncle and heire male by force of the fore- 
faid entayle : which Edward had iffue Thomas and William : The faid Thomas had 
iffue John, who dyed without iffue male of his body, And the faid William was his 
vncle and heire male by force of the faid Entayle : Which Wittm dyed in 5. E. 6. 
leavinge iffue John Berkeley, who in Eafter terme a° 9" Eliz. fold this Manor of 
Woodmancote to Richard Lambert a marchant of London ; By whofe death in 
30. Eliz : it difcended to Winifride his daughter and heire, whofe mother was 
remaried to Sir Henry Winfton knight ; And the faid Winifride was for this Manor 
in ward to Henry lord Berkeley, who dyinge in her minority without iffue; the fame 
difcended to her vncle Edmond Lambert (often written Edward,) brother of the 
faid Richard the purchafer : Which Edmond. after in his life time in the time of 
kinge James, And his feoffees in truft after his death, (who dyed in 7° Jacobi,) for 
the raifinge of portions of his daughters, foe fcattered almoft all his lands of this 
Manor by their feverall fales in temp: Jacobi b\T, to perticuler men, That it is nowe, 
a° 1639. 15'? Rf Caroli, the inheritance of theis 38. feverall ffrceholders ; vz, 

<©f my felfe and of you my fonne, who hold 



John Trotman of Came who holds ihe houfe called Naffe court wherein hee 
dwelleth, of whom and it fee before in Came, fol : 131. 

Bromwich 



IDoo&mancotc 389 



Bromwich gent who laft of all others purchafed of the faid feoffees what 
was left vnfold, As the Leet, Waft grounds, and | 



Edmond Parrott and Robert his brother, are nowe in fute one with the other, 39 1 
for 4. meffuages a cotage and about 15. acres of land meadow and pafture and one 
acre of wood, which they clayme from Robert their father, who by deed dated i mo 
Marcij. a° 7™° Jacobi, purchafed the fame of Edward Lambert, and of Richard 
Swaine and John Lambe Efq., 5 ; which were parcell of this Manor of Woodmancote ; 
As alfo were a meffuage and 4. other acres of wood which the faid Robert the 
father demifed to this Edmond for 1000. yeares. 

€1)0 ffcofftC.fif of the Maior and Coiiiinalty of the Citie of Briftoll. 



Robert Purnell of Nibley 



Thomas Pitt 



Chriftopher Jobbins fonne of Ambrofe Jobbins holdeth 



John Hardinge brother and heire of William, fonnes of John, fonne and heire 392 
of Wittm Hardinge the elder, holdeth 



which the faid Wittm the elder purchafed. 
Thomas Purnell of Milend in Nibley. 

Samuell 



39o JS)uno«D of 55crfericp 

Samuell Bridger 
William Workman 
Edmond Eftcourt Efq^, | 



3Q3 Alexander Roach 



Henry Ady the elder 



Jefper Eftcourt of Rodborrowe gent, fonne of Richard, 



George Chilton 



Thomas Watkins 



394 Nicholas Smyth 



Richard 



iBooDmmtcotc 391 



Richard Partridge of Cowley, holdeth one acre lyinge in 
which hee purchased of Nicholas Smyth 



James Adeane 



Thomas Hore 



John Tilladam 



John Williams 



Richard Webbe 395 



Nicholas Trotman, fonne of Edward Trotman of the Stepps in Came, holdeth 



Thomas Merfer, fonne of Thomas, 



John Trotman, fonne of William Trotman, called of Trollies houfe 



John 



39 2 ^unorcb of SScrfericp 

John Purnell of Wike, fonne and heire of Thomas Purnell of Nibley, who 
died in 20. Jacobi (as his office found the fame yeare fheweth,) feized of a cotage 
and 2. acres of arrable land, 4. acres of pafture, and one acre and an halfe of 
wood, in Northnibley, late parcell of the Manor of Woodmancote, and given to 
Chriftopher his fonne in fee, holden of the Manor of Berkeley by knight fervice ; 
And alfo of 3. other meffuages, 3. acres and halfe of arrable, and 41. acres of pafture 
in Northnibley and 23crfeclcp, parcell of the faid Manor of Woodmancote, and 
holden as aforefaid, which difcended to the faid John in fee, who was in ward for 
the fame. | 

396 Chriftopher Purnell of Nibley 



William Curnocke of Burrowes Court in Nibley 



Robert Perrott, fonne of Robert ; See before vnder the name of Edmond 
Perrott [Parrott, fo. 391] 



John Welfteed 



Henry Ady the younger | 



397 John Plomer 



Thomas Parfloe of Eweley 



Richard 



iBoobmancotc 393 

Richard Merricke 

Nicholas Plomer, fonne of John. 

Edward Lambert, fonne and heire of the faid Edmond | 



ffor the yeares of the feverall deathes of all thofe remarkeable gent of the 398 
family of the 2$crhdci£, called of ^rtJCtrston, from the firft of their poffeffion of 
this Manor in 25. E. 3. vntill their alienacbn therof in 9"? Eliz : See before in 
Beverfton, fol : 97. 98. 

Duringe whiche terme of 216. yeares, the eftate taile to the heires males con- 
tinued, not difcontinued or docked, vntill the forefaid fale to Richard Lambert in 
9". Eliz : ffrom the firft wife of which Thomas lord Berkeley is the faid George 
nowe lord Berkeley difcended, And theis of the fecond wife as aforefaid, And as in 
Beverfton appeares, fol : p\d. 

But fith this Manor is not named in the booke of Domefday, either as a 
member of the Manor and Barony of Berkeley or as parcell of the ancient 
poffeffions of the 23crftdci£ Of SDurgdcp, wherin all their lands in this county are 
fet downe, as in the faid booke appeareth : nor in the Certificate of Roger Berkeley 
made to kinge H. 2. of the lands that hee and his Anceftors held, which fee in 
fol : 175. et 177. I cafiot refolve otherwife but that it was a freehold in the hand 
of one ancient Saxon or other, holden of the Lady Abbeffe and Nunnes of Berke- 
ley, vnles I fhould fay it is in Domefday booke comprehended vnder the Manor of « 
Came; wherof fome Inquificons finde it to bee holden, And an hamblet therof; 
wherto I doe encline. 

dlOUgh the inhabitants in this Manor of Woodmancote claime to have a Leete Leete 
or Lawe day amongft themfelves, yet the Tithingman therof with fome of this 
manor or Tithinge of Woodmancote appeare twice by the yeare at the Leete or 

Law 

3 E VOL. Ill 



394 J^unorcb of 55crfericp 

Law day holden at Berkeley for the hundred of 5&ertldcp, an d prefent, as to that 
Court appertaineth. | 

3gg Cf)C payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver goeth with Ewley in one fome 

ffifteene. togeather. The onus or charge wherof in the Excheq 1 : is — 3 11 . 14 s J d . The deduction 
is — 10' 8 d . The Remanet paid into the Exchequer for both is 3 1 ': 3? 1 i d 

Subfedy. «jjfn the laft Subfedy in 5" Caroli were 10. fubfedy men in this townfhip of 

Woodmancote, who paid — 3'! 16! 

Able men. <g)f able men for the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, were in a° 6 X ? 

Jacobi, 57. who appeared before Henry lord Berkeley lord Leiutenant. 

Souldiers. 3tnD now of trayned Souldiers vnder their Captaine Thomas Veel Efquire, are 

, wherof corfletts and mufketts. 

Rates. 3Cno if the whole divition of Berkeley, accompted a 4 th pte of this County, bee 

in any tax rated to pay — ioo 1 !' This hundred of 23cchdcp paies therof-33 1 !' 3? And 
this of Woodmancote — 10* And after that rate, bee the tax more or leffe. 

^'n the time of kinge H. 6. arofe a queftion betweene the inhabitants of Wood- 
mancote and fuch of the inhabitants of Nibley as are called Warrens Tenants, 
about payment of the ffifteene or Kingfilver, whether 



jfrcd)Olo£ within the tithinge or townfhip of 
Woodmancote, vz, 
Cliffords lands. JjjJCftC are divers lands and tenements called Cliffords lands fomtimes the lands 

of ffonte, in fome records and evidences called a Manor, holden of this Manor of 
Woodmancote, now the inheritance of certaine ffeoffees to the vfe of the Citie 
of Briftoll, who by their Atturney doe fute to the hundred Court of Berkeley from 
three weekes to 3. weekes, and pay the yearly rent of 4 d to the lord Berkeleis 
manor of Came. Touchinge which lands, fee an Inqu: after the death of Alexander 
Bradway in 19. H. 7. And another after the death of James Clifford in t,j. H. 8. 
And another after the death of Henry Clifford in i° Eliz : who left iffue James 
Clifford, who in Eliz : aliened the fame ; And are mentioned therin to bee 8. 

meffuages 



JDoobmancotc 395 

meffuages and 192 acres of land, meadowe and pafture, in Woodmancote neere 
Durfeley, holden of that Manor by 1 7 s rent : And of divers other lands and tene- 
ments in Durfeley holden of Durfley manor. | 

'ttfyOXC of this Manor of Woodmancote is to bee read 400 
in theis Records and Deeds, viz, 
Rot. Claus. 18. Rf Johis. membr . 4. — p fervic mil. 
Inqu : 2. E. 1. p' mortem Thome filij Ottonis, — p fervic mii. 
Inq : 3. E. 1. p' morte pkki Thome. 
Rot. finium. 9. E. 1. membr . 16. — per fervic mit. 
Inq : 19. E. 2. p' morte Robti de Swinburne. — p fervic mit. 
Rot. finium. 19. E. 2. membr . 6. — per fervic mit. 
Compus Hampton Efcaetor in baga in fcio . 20. E. 2. — mit ferviciu. 
Inq: 16. et 17. E. 3. p! morte Margerie de Swinburne, ad requificoem 

Warini fit Warini. — per fervic mit. 
Rot. finium. 15. E. 3. membr. 2. per fervic mit. 
Rot. paten. 16. E. 3. ps. 1. in dorfo. 
Rot. Claus. 23. E. 3. ps. 1. membr . 24. in dorfo. 
Carta 25. E. 3. in caftro de Berkeley. 
Carta 25. E. 3. Rot. 2. in coi banco, Term Trin. 
Inqu : t>7- E- 3- de feodis de Berkeley in fcio. — per fervic mit. 
Inq : 6. H. 6. p' morte Johis de Berkeley. 
Inq : 38. H. 6. p' morte Mauricij Berkeley. 
Inq : 14. E. 4. p' morte Mauricij Berkeley. 
Inq : 7. H. 7. p'. mortem Witti Berkeley. 
Michas Rec. 7. H. 7. Rot. 34. in fcio cm Rem Thefaur. 
Pafcfi : rec. 16. H. 7. Rot. 9. ibm. 
Inq : 21. H. 7. p' morte Edw : Berkeley. 
Inq : 1. H. 8. p' morte Alicie Berkeley vid". 

4. cartae irrot in coi banco TerfS M ictus 30. H. 8. inter Bowfer et Davis. 
Inq : 6. E. 6. p! morte Witti Berkeley. 
Inq : 30. Eliz : ps. 2. p'. morte Rici Lambert. 
Inq : 15. Jacobi p'. morte Robti Purnell de Nibley. 
ffinis in banco Term Michis, 8° Jacobi, inter Bolton et Lambert, &c. 
Inq : 20. Jacobi, p' morte Thome Purnell. — per fervic mit. 
Inqu : 7. Caroli, p' mortem pdci Thome, per fervic mit. 
Booke of Wardfhips and Releefes, fol : 4. 23. 32. with mee. 

The 



396 ^unorcb of 25crhriep 

The 2. Indentures of Lamberts and Mercers wardfhips, 31° Eliz : et 10° 

Caroli. 
Court roll of Came, 7 Jacobi, p' morte Edm : Lambert — per ferviciu 

militare. 
Inq : 16. Car. p' morte Witti Curnocke — per fervic mit. 
Inq : 17. Car. p. morte Jofris Smyth authoris huius libri — p fervic mit. 
Inq : 17. Car. fup Mel : inquirend p' morte Jofris Purnell— p fervic mii. 

25p Inquificon 6. H. 6. p! mortem Johis Berkeley mittis, Nibley is found to 
bee an hamblet belonginge to this Manor of Woodmancote, holden of James lord 
Berkeley as of his Manor of Came, but by what fervice the Jury knewe not. | 

4 01 1 blank 
402) 



403 IDotton. 

IttOtton : In Domefdei booke written Vittune : 3CllD in the next age after 
written Wittune : And in the time of kinge John, Wtton, without (o) in the firft 
fillable : An ancient parifh and manor, nowe, as alfo longe agone, diftinguifhed 
into the Townfhips or hambletts of Wotton burrowe, ats Wotton intrinfeca, ats 
Wotton market towne ; and into Wotton fforren, or Wotton forinfeca ; confiftinge 
of the hamblets or villages of Sinwell, Wortley, Combe, Bradley, Nibley, and 
Huntingford. In this manor of Wotton, kinge Edward the Confeffor had, as 
domefdei booke fheweth, ffifteene hides of land in demefne : And is nowe the 
inheritance of George lord Berkeley, holden of the kinge by knight fervice in 
capite ; A principall part of his Barony of Berkeley. 

<€f)ig Manor and parifh of Wotton was by kinge H. 2. in the firft yeare of his 
raigne granted (amongft many others) to Robert the fonne of Hardinge, a yonger 
fonne to the kinge of Denmarke, and his heires : By which grant alfo the faid 
Robert was made a Baron and Peere of the Realme of England : ffrom which lord 
Robert, who dyed in 17. H. 2, it came to the lord Maurice his fonne and heire, who 
died in 1. R. 1. And from him to the lord Robert his fonne and heire, who dyinge 
without iffue in 4. H. 3. left it to the lord Thomas his brother and heire, who 
dyinge in 28. H. 3. it difcended from him to the lord Maurice his fonne and heire, 
called Maurice the fecond. 



JDotton 397 

<3Ef)i.£f is that lord Maurice who in 36. H. 3. obtained a grant to him and his Wotton market 
heires from that kinge to have a market each friday at Wotton, And a faire each 
yeare to bee there holden, vpon the Even the day and the morrowe of the ex- 
altacon of holy croffe, with all liberties and free cuftomes which to a market and 
faire doe appertaine : And for the holdinge therof did out of his faid Manor of 
Wotton, which (as is abovefaid) then confided of the hambletts of Synwell, Wortley, 
Combe, Wotton, Bradley, Nybley, and Huntingford, felec~l the faid hamblet of 
Wotton wherof the whole parifh and manor had the name ; And this is it which at 
this day wee call the Burrowe towne, or Burrowe of Wotton, or the market towne 
of Wotton ; or the Newe towne of Wotton ; which alfo in divers deeds after was 
called novus burgus, the newe towne of Wotton ; All which doe foe continue to 
this day, 1639. 

3Hl1D this alfo is that lord Maurice who vpon his marriage with the lady Ifable 
that kings neece, was fuppofed to have entayled in this time of kinge H. 3. his five 
manors of Wotton, Simondfall, Cowley, Came, and Hineton, to himfelfe and his 
faid wife, and to the heires of their two bodies ; wherby vpon a fuppofed JHcttltttCt 
in Maurice his great-great-grandchilde, (whofe father the lord Thomas in 23. E. 3. 
had entayled the fame Manors, with others, to himfelfe, and the heires males of his 
body, whereof read before fol : [7. yy. 78,]) arofe that great and longe perplexed 
title, which before it was fetled continued above 150 yeares, wherof to write I 
forbeare in this place, | havinge in my three hiftory bookes of that family of the 4°4 
25crhdci^ blotted more then 20. fheetes of paper with the laborinthes and toiles 
therof, therin delivered in perticuler. 

Cf)C forefaid Lord Maurice by the faid lady Ifable his wife had iffue Thomas, 
father of Maurice, father of Thomas, father of Maurice, father of Thomas and 
James ; which Thomas in 5. H. 5. died without iffue male of his body ; And the 
faid James had iffue James, who had iffue William, created Marques Berkeley, and 
Maurice, (of others I fpeake not in this place,) which William dyed without iffue ; 
And the faid Maurice had iffue Maurice and Thomas, which Maurice died without 
iffue ; And the faid Thomas had iffue Thomas, father of Henry, father of Thomas, 
father of the faid George nowe lord Berkeley. 1639. Of which difcent, with the 
yeare wherin each of them dyed, See before fol : 7. et yj. 78. 

31n one of the woods in this parifh in the hamblet of Nybley, vpon the browe Beckettf-bury. 
of a fteepe hill, is an ancient fortification of a Campe, with double trenches broad 

and 



398 J^unorcb of 2&crftricp 

and deepe, called at this day Beckettf-bury : but whether caft vp in the time of 
kinge H. 2. in ayd or favour of Thomas Beckett Archbifhop of Canterbury who 
fell vnder that kinge, as the name of Beckettfbury feemeth to import, or before in 
the times of the Danes invations, I know not ; wherof read before, fol : 72. 

Streetes. ^rjjg Burrowe or market towne containeth about 60. acres ; And confifteth of 

theis ftreetes and remarkeable places, vz, High ftreete, Sow lane, the Chepinge or 
markett place, Chepinge lane, Bradley ftreete, Haw ftreete, Church lane, Sym lane, 
and 



Conduit. «jj n ,.]-,£ y eare f our redemption. 1630. nyne yeares now paft, at the charges 

of Sir Richard ffenne and Hugh Perry his fonne in lawe, two worthy Aldermen of 
London, both of them borne in this Towne, was the fpringe of water brought 
vnder ground from the place called the Conduct in Edbroke feild vnto the market 
croffe in Wotton, where a conduct by them was beautifully erected to the great 
benefit of the inhabitants, with this Infcription ingraven theron ; This Conduite 
was erected and the water brought into this place at the proper cofts and charges 
of Richard ffenn ats Ven, Alderman of London, and Hugh Perry of London, Efq^, 
who were both borne in this Towne : — Thus the infcription : ffrom which the waft 
and fpare water is fince derived vnder ground to fome houfes belowe in the fame 
ftreete. 



Almdhoufe. ^C faid Hugh Perry by his laft will dated [20^ April, 1630] tooke care 

for the erectinge of an Almefhoufe, in this towne, and for the maintaininge of [fix 
poore men and fix poore weomen. Teftator ftates that he was born in the town 
of Wotton under Edge, and directs that the mayor of that town, and his brethren 
and their fucceffors (hall " difburfe yearly for ever £8 for apparailling, with gowns, 
fhoes, ftockings, fhirts, and fmockes" as far as the faid money would go, the faid 
fix poore old men and fix poor old women that now are, and hereafter fhall be, 
remaining in the Almfhoufe at the faid town, which I have willed to be built, in 
equal portions upon the feaft day of All Saints commonly called Allhallowday, and 
£5 more for wood and coals to be equally diftributed among the faid poor Almsfolk 
at the aforefaid feaft ; and each of the faid poor Almsfolk to have 20 fhillings a 
piece in money at the four the moft ufual feafts in the year by even portions yearly 
for ever. 

He 



405 



Church. 



i©otton 399 

He alfo bequeaths to the Mayor and his brethren the fum of ^300, therewith 
in the names of themfelves and their fucceffors, and of the Parfon and Church- 
wardens of Wotton for the time being, as feoffees in truft, to purchafe a convenient 
plot of ground near the church, and to build a convenient houfe thereupon for the 
fix poor men and the fix poor women laying a garden thereunto with other con- 
veniences. 1 ] 

The fcituation, afwell of this Burrowe or market towne of Wotton as of the 
parifh church, vnder the edge or browe of the great hills adioyninge, hath doubt- 
leffe given in the name of Wotton fubedge, or Wotton vnderedge, as alwaies almoft 
of late yeares it hath byn called and written : A fpatious parifh, that befides the 
hamblets formerly mentioned, comprehendeth the hambletts alfo of Simondfall, 
the Ridge, and Nynd. 

3Tf)C Church is faire and beautifull, dedicated to the protection of the bleffed 
virgin Mary, efteemed the tutelary faint therof : wherin the bodies of Thomas lord 
Berkeley the 4 th lord of that name, who died in 5'? H. 5, and of the Lady Margaret 
his wife daughter and heire of Gerard Waren Lord Lifle and Tieis, (who died 
before her hufband,) lye vnder a faire marble fquare tombe, wherin noe tres of any 
fuperfcription have for many yeares paft beene to bee read. 

Cfjig Burrowe or market towne of Wotton hath a Leete or Lawday belonginge Leete or Lawda Y 
vnto it of all the Refiants within the fame, wherin confifteth the goverment; Taken 
out of the great Leet of the hundred of Berkeley in 37. H. 3. (a courfe in thofe 
old dayes vfuall with great lords, both in this hundred and elfwhere in this and 
other Counties,) what time the faires and marketts were firft obtained from that 
kinge : which yeare alfo, Maurice lord Berkeley, the fecond of that name and the 
Lady Jone his mother, (who then held this manor in Joinclure,) granted by Deed 
to the faid Inhabitants to have fuch liberties vfages and cuftomes in fuch fort as was 
then vfed in Tetbury, (a Market and Burrow towne fix miles of,) which alfo was con- 
firmed by Thomas loni Berkeley the fecond of that name in 10. E. 1. two yeares 
after the death of the faid lord Maurice his father: And in 1. E. 3. the Jury had 
leave at the Leet or Lawday holden at Michaelmas yearly, to choofe one out of 
their number of Burgeffes to bee the | fupreame governor amongft them till that 406 

time 

1 The will is a very long one, and contains a great deal more refpeciing this Almfhoufe, but we have 
extracted as much as feemed neceffary to fupply the information wanting in the text. It was proved in 
the Probate Court of Canterbury, with a Codicil, dated 25th July, 1634, on the 23rd December following. 
(108 Seager.) [Ed.] 



400 J^untircD of 2$crhdcp 

time twelve month, and till his Succeffor mould bee fworne, And to call him a 
Maior ; which courfe holdeth to this day, 1639 : whofe cuftome alfo is, (the felfe 
fame is vfed in Berkeley, as is faid before fol :']'],) And as is vfed in Tetbury, well 
alfo knowne to mee, having likewife byn Steward there full 40. yeares ; (Of which 
townfhip I have alfo wrote the hiftory from the Norman conqueft to theis daies ;) 
That at the Leete holden next after Michas day, the Jury, who for that Leete are 
impanelled and fworne, doe prefent in writinge three names to the Steward for their 
Maior for the yeare next followinge, vz, their old Maior and two others ; Of which 
three the Steward choofeth one, whom hee pleafeth, either the old Maior to ferve 
againe for another yeare, or which of the other two hee will : Which done, the 
newe elected Maior is called and fworne : The old Maior then rifeth, leavinge his 
filver guilt Mace before him vpon the table where hee fate with the Steward, And 
then cofneth the newe Maior and fitteth downe in the old Maiors place, And there 
choofeth one of thofe two to bee his ferieant for the yeare followinge, whom the 
faid Jury have likewife fet downe in their faid prefentment, who is prefently alfo 
fworne ; And then the faid Serieant, (called in the Court rolls ferviens ad clavem,) 
the court beinge ended, taketh vp the Mace and goeth before the newe Maior home 
to his houfe, whom all the other Burgeffes attend. And the faid Serieant by the 
ancient cuftome of the faid burrowe towne is bound to gather the Lords rents and 
profits of the faid Burrowe for that yeare then following, and to accompt for the 
fame without fee or recompence from the Lord for the fame : which if hee faile to 
doe, and efpetially to pay and make even his Accompt before the Lords Auditor, 
the Maior is anfwerable for the fame ; Againft whom (in Berkeley,) I have twice 
in my time of Stewardfhip knowne an Accon of Accompt to bee brought, and the 
Maior there to have thervpon fatisfied what was vnpaid, either quarterly or at 
the yeares end, efpecially vpon his accompt before the Lords Auditor; And alwaies 
about a weeke after the election of the newe Maior, hee holdeth a Maiors Court, 
(vfed efpecially and conftantly in Berkeley burrowe,) where the Accompt is taken 
of the receipts and payments of the faid Maior for the yeare paft, And fuch newe 
ordinances eftablifhed for the yeare followinge as they agree vpon for the better 
government of the towne. 

%X the Leet for this burrowe towne holden at Michas 1639. A° 15. Rf Caroli 
(as I was in reveiwe and in writinge of this towne,) the Jury prefented the 3. names 
of Wittm Younge their old Maior, and of Richard Poole and John Leigh, for mee 
(then prefent) to make choice of one of them for the yeare then and yet followinge, 
what time Richard Poole whom I firft made choice of, refufed, and thervpon vnder- 

went 



UDotton 401 

went the fyne of-io ,! .- which I impofed: Alfo John Leigh whom I next made choice 
of, refufed alfo, and vnderwent the ffyne of — 6 H . 13 s 4 d , Neither of whom, had 
formerly borne any office in the burrowe : And vpon queftion that was thervpon 
moved, the Jury did vnanimoufly prefent, That by the cuftome of | the Burrowe 407 
they might nominate and returne for the office of Maior any inhabitant that had 
dwelled a yeare and a day in the towne, although hee had not formerly borne any 
other office, as indeed neither of them two had done ; And to confirme the fame 
vouched one or more prefidents and a former prefentment heertofore made at a 
former Leete ; And prefented further, That if the two named with the old Maior 
refufed, and did vndergoe their fynes (as nowe), That then the old Maior muft 
continue, and they of the Jury not to name or prefent any other. And thervpon 
the old Maior, after longe refufall, was content to ferve the office, efpecially when 
hee was remembred of his firft oath, vz, To ferve the kinge and the lord of the 
burrowe for the yeare then followinge, and vntill another fhould bee fworne ; And 
then, after a newe oath given vnto him for the yeare followinge, made choice of a 
newe Serieant, who alfo was fworne. And for this manner of their proceedinge 
in each refpecl:, vouched two late prefidents in Berkeley burrowe, which my felfe 
knewe to bee true. It was at this time alfo queftioned, That if the Maior fhould 
have finally refufed, what then fhould have become of the office of Maioralty. 

3Cn& further it was moved, That wheras one John Smith a fhoemaker died not 
2. yeares before whileft hee was Maior, That if all thofe 3. men (prefented for 
choice of Maior at Miclias Leete followinge,) fhould have refufed, as they might, 
and have vndergone their fynes, (noe oath formerly taken tyinge any one of them,) 
what then fhould have become of the office ? If then, perforce to a newe election ? 
A difference alfo was taken betweene the Act of God, in the death of a Maior, as 
before, And the A£l of the party, as vpon a refufall ; Which are heere in this place 
remembred for direction to them that lhall come after. 

^Jlt the vtmoft fkirt of this Burrowe or market towne, or rather in Synwell (as Wotton fchoole. 
fome will,) one of the hamblets of the manor called Wotton fforren, (which in this 
place doe adioyne,) ftandeth a free grammer fchoole, founded in 8° R. 2. by 
Katherine Lady Berkeley, the fecond wife and widowe of Thomas lord Berkeley 
the third of that name ; of whofe further piety I have before written in Berkeley, 
fol : 77 : endowinge it with competent poffeffions for maintenance of a mafter and 
two poore fchollers to live collegiately togeather. And in the ordinances and ftatutes 
for regulatinge of the faid fchoole, the faid Lady and her feoffees ordained (amongft 

other 

7. F VOL. Ill 



402 Jjjunorcb of 25crhclcp 

other things) that the fchoolmafter fhould daily pray in the church of Wotton for 
408 the foules of her felfe | her father mother hufband and of others; wherby through 
the Statute of 1. E. 6. for diffolucon of Chantries, this was fuppofed to come to the 
Crowne; whervpon divers patents were in the raigne of Queene Eliz: and of kinge 
James, paffed of the Schoolhoufe and lands, as concealed ; wherby much trouble and 
expence was occationed : which foe continued till by the fole purfuite of my felfe, 
tenant to fuch part of the fchoolhoufe lands as lye in Nibley, with my expence of — 
700 1 '. at lead, as is knowne to you, the fame was quieted by a Decree in Chancery 
in the end of kinge James his raigne ; And the fchoole of newe encorporated, with 
ordinances and Statutes for the regulatinge therof fittinge the prefent time and the 
doclrine of the Church of England ; In which condition it flourifheth at this day, 
1639 : wherof I doe here write the leffe, referringe him that defireth more to the 
Records themfelves, And to a fentence given in the Starchamber in the time of 
kinge Charles, againft one Beniamin Crokey, almoft ever fince a ruriigate in Ireland, 
in avoidance of the fhame and pufiifhment which was by the fentence of that Court 
to have byn inflifted vpon him for his wicked libleinge and falfhoods ; And lately 
taken at Briftoll vpon his returne from Ireland, at this time a prifoner in the fleete 
at my fuite, as both of you doe knowe. October. 1639. 

4Df the Advowfon or ius patronatus of which fchoole, a fyne was levied in 
Eafter Terme A 3 Eliz : betweene Martin Petit and others p'! s , and Henry lord 
Berkeley and others, def ts . 

25p an Inquificon after the death of Sir John Berkeley knight, in 6. H. 6. it 
is found, that hee dyed feized in fee of the advowfon of the Chantry and School- 
houfe of Wotton fubedge, que nihil valet per ahu : And that Maurice Berkeley 
knight was his fonne and heire. 30. anno£. | 



409 



jfrcrf)Olb£ in this Burrowe or Market towne of Wotton, afwell 

ancient as of late granted in fee farme, and as lye adioyninge 

to the towne, granted in the fame deeds with the Towne 

houfes ; vz, 

CMbomes land. S» this market towne of Wotton Henry lord Berkeley by his Deed the 13 th 

of November A° 8°. Jacobi Rf , granted to Walter Ofborne and his heires, One 

meffuage or burgage houfe, orchard, garden, and barne adioyninge, To hold vnder 

the yearly rent of 17! 8^ And alfo three other burgages vnder one roofe in High 

ftreete, and 3. gardens adioyninge, To hold vnder the yearly rent of — 19 1 And alfo 

3. acres 



BDotron 4 o^ 

3. acres of pafture ground adioyning to the faid meffuage and garden, And alfo 1. 
acres in the feild called the Middle, in Sinwell, vnder the yearly rent of — 12 s with 
fute of Court, or 4 d . for every default, to the burrow of Wotton. Howbeit the tenure 
is of the kinge by knight fervice in capite, beinge part of the faid Lords burrowe 
and manor of Wotton, and held by copy of Court roll, vntill they were fevered by 
the faid grant : And is nowe the inheritance of Wittm Ofborne, fonne of Thomas 
Ofborne, fonne and heire of the faid Walter, A 1639. Howbeit, the faid Walter 
the grantee made a Leafe of the fame to Walter his younger fonne, for fowerfcore 
and nyneteene yeares, who hath fince affigned the fame to Richard Huet, Ralph 
Willett, Wittm Leigh, gent, and | 

3Cl£0 the faid Henry lord Berkeley by his deed dated. 1° Decembf. a° 9".° Rf 410 
Jacobi, granted to Robert Dawe and his heires, One burgage in High ftreete in Davves land - 
Wotton, vnder the yearly rent of — 6' payable quarterly, and fute of Court, or — 4 d 
for every default. Howbeit, the tenure is by knight fervice in capite of the kinge, 
and was held by Copy of Court roll accordinge to the cuftome of the faid Burrowe, 
till fevered by the faid Deed ; And is yet held by the faid Robert, who hath lately 
brought downe part of the waft water from the forefaid conduite to the doore of the 
faid Burgage, where it falleth into a itone cifterne. 

3M$0 the faid Henry lord Berkeley by his Deed dated 13. Nov. a° 8°. Rf Jacobi, Hunter ats 
granted to Thomas Hunter ats Perry and to his heires, Two burgage houfes with Perryes lands. 
two fmall gardens and one orchard adioyninge containinge one Rood, in the old 
towne, vnder the yearly rent of-3* 4 d And alfo one acre in the feild called Edbrooke, 
vnder the gravell pitts, in the manor of Wotton fforren, vnder the yearly rent of 
— 8 d and fute of Court to Wotton burrowe, as other cuftomary tenants doe, or 4 d . 
for every default. Howbeit the tenure is of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, 
beinge part of the faid lords manors of Wotton burrowe and Wotton fforren, as 
aforefaid, before the faid grant, which are foe holden ; By the death of which 
Thomas Perry 22° Decembf a° 14° Rf Caroli, the fame are given by his will vnto 
Samuell Perry and his heires, beinge his eldeft fonne by a fecond venter. 

25p Inquificon taken at Cirencefter 12° Julij. 15° Caroli, where this Will and 
guift is found, but as to the tenure, de quo vel de quibus vel per quae fervicia 
Juratores ignorant. 

3tl£0 the faid Henry Lord Berkeley by his Deed dated 20° Aug : A° g n ° Rf Smithes land. 
Jacobi, granted to Robert Smyth and to his heires, one meffuage or burgage in the 

highftreete, 

3 f 2 



404 ^unorcb of SScrhricp 

highftreete, with a (table, orchard, and garden ground therto adioyninge, And alfo 
one other meffuage or burgage with a garden ground and barne in Bradly ftreete, 
And alfo one clofe of pafture at the vpper end of Bradley ftreete, called little 
Wadfam, containinge halfe a Rood, vnder the yearly rent of — 13 s . 8?, and fute of 
court to Wotton burrowe, as other cuftomary tenants doe, or 4? for every default ; 
Howbeit the tenure is of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, being part of the 
faid Lords manor of Wotton burrowe before the faid grant, which is foe holden : 
By the death of which Robert Smyth in a° 13 Rf Caroli, the fame are | 



411 3tl£0 the faid Henry lord Berkeley by his Deed dated 12° Aug : a° 9"° Rf 

Vens land ats jacob^ granted to William Ven of Wotton, one Toft, meffuage, and tenement, 
ffenns in Wotton J ° ^ 

and Sinwell. barne and outhoufes, and a paiture or meadowe ground called Court meadowe, 

divided into three clofes, containinge in the whole 20. acres, in Synwell : And 

4. acres and 3. quarters of an acre in fundry feilds in Wotton fforren, vz, 2. acres in 

Edbrooke, and one acre in the feild called the Midle, and one other acre in the 

feild called Mare haven ; vnder the yearly rent of — 3 1 . 1 16? And 2? payable to 

Wotton fforren. 

3UnD alfo further granted to him a meffuage burgage or tenem'., with a (table, 
garden, and orchard, in Hawe ftreete within the burrowe towne ; vnder the yearly 
rent of — 10? 

3tnD alfo further granted a meffuage burgage or tenem! in Highftreete in 
Wotton towne, neere to Sym lane, under the yearly rent of — 10! 1? And for heriot 
to bee paid after the deceafe of every one dyinge tenant to the premiffes or to any 
part therof, the forne of — 3 1 '.- 61 8 d . And fute of court to the Manors of Wotton 
fforren and Wotton Burrowe as cuftomary tenants there doe, or 4"! for every default. 
Howbeit, the tenure is of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite, beinge part of the 
faid Manors before the faid grant, which are foe holden. 

3fiftCt the death of which William Ven the fame difcended to John Ven his 
fonne and heire, who dyed the kings ward of theis lands, then in his minority : 
wherby the fame difcended to William his brother and heire, who alfo died in his 
minority, and the kings ward ; wherby the fame difcended to his brother and heire 
Richard, who nowe holdeth the fame, A° 1639. | 



JDotton 405 

3fil£o the faid Henry lord Berkeley by his Deed dated 30° Maij A° 9"° Jacobi, 412 

161 1. granted to Thomas Adams and his heires One Meffuage or Corrion Inne in Pooles land 

late Braches. 
the High ftreete in Wotton, then the figne of the goate, nowe of the White Lyon, before, Adams. 

with the garden and outhoufes therto belonginge, then held by him by copy of " owe 

Court roll according to the Cuftome of the faid burrowe, at the yearly rent of-6 5 8 d wilkens. 

Hefkens. 



3Hllb alfo by the fame Deed granted one acre neere vnto Bourn ftreame j d . and 
alfo one other acre in Bournfeild, and one other acre in the feild called Edbrooke 
knowne by the name of freindleffe acre, 6 d . held likewife by copy, at the yearly rent 
of— 13 d 

5Clltl alfo further granted by his faid Deed one other burgage houfe with the 
appurtenants, then in the tenure of Robert Hickes in right of Margaret his wife, 
held by copy of Court roll accordinge to the Cuftome of the faid burrowe towne, 
vnder the yearly rent of-13* 4 d . All payable quarterly : And alfo 13? 4I in name of 
an heriot, after the death of every tenant dyinge in poffeffion of any part of the 
faid burgages, or lands : And fute of Court as other Cuftomary tenants doe per- 
forme, or 4 d for every default. Howbeit the tenure is of the kinge by knight 
fervice in capite. 

<Of which premiffes none at all remaine to the pofterity of the faid Thomas 
Adams : ffor Richard Poole of Wortley hath the Corrion Inne, which hee purchafed 
of Brach of London, And hee of Thomas Adams ; And paies the faid 

rent of— 6= 8 d . 

3£llb Eliz : lady Longe, firft maried to Edward Oldifworth fonne and heire of 
Arnold Oldifworth, late of Bradley, who have iffue Robert Oldifworth, (fhee after 
remaried to Sir Walter Longe lately deceafed,) who hath the faid acre by Bourn- 
ftreame, and the acre in Bournfeild. rent y d Which the faid Arnold had of the faid 
Adams. 

5Cltb $icl)Ola£ ^Cghill£ hath the fee of the acre called freindleffe acre, from 
Robert Smith, whofe daughter hee maried, And hee of the faid Adams, rent. 6 d . 

3fintl John Wilkens of Nibley hath the fee of the burgage houfe with the 
appurtenants, late in the tenure of the faid Robert Hickes in right of Margaret his 
wife, rent — 13' 4 d which hee purchafed of | 



Oldifworthes. 



406 



I»)unbrc& of 25crkricp 



413 

Daunts lands. 



Stantons land 

in Sinwell 

nowe 

Webbs. 



51(00 in this burrowe or market towne are divers houfes and lands the old 
inheritance of the Daunts, whofe firft anceftor in this place which I have obferved 
was Thomas Daunt who held the fame in the raigne of kinge E. 2. After whom 
was Nicholas, father of John and Nicholas : Afterwards of John Daunt ; and after 
of Simon Daunt, and John his fonne : And after of John Daunt, who lived in the 
time of kinge H. 7. and after of John Daunt, and others, beinge for moft part 
yonger brothers : which faid John Daunt fonne of Nicholas, by his maryage with 
Margery daughter and heire of Robert de Owlepen, brought into his family that 
land, as there appeares, fol : 309, 310, whofe iffue hold the fame and alfo this land 
in Wotton, to this day, A° 1639. where their later difcents are to bee read : ftiled 
by the name of gentlemen from the forefaid time of my firft obfervation of them, 
As very many deeds and Leafes made by them to others, and by others to them, 
doe witneffe. Of theis their lands a fyne was levied in Micfras terme 21. H. 6, 
Inter Nichum Daunt, de tentis in burgo de Wotton, Wotton fforren, et in Bradley. 

3M0"O the faid Henry lord Berkeley by his Deed dated i mo Julij A 9".° Rf 
Jacobi, granted to John Stanton Clerke and to his heires, A meffuage and halfe an 
acre, (the fcite place of the ancient manor houfe) with the pigeon houfe and porters 
lodo-e, and three cottages adioyninge, and three acres parcell of the court orchard, 
all lyinge togeather in Synwell, within the Manor of Wotton fforren, refervinge the 
yearly rent of — 13 s And — 20' in the name of an heriot, after the deceafe of every 
one dyinge tenant to the premiffes, or to any part therof ; And fute of Court twice 
by the yeare, or 2 d . for every default. Howbeit the tenure heerof, is of the kinge 
by knight fervice in Capite, beinge part of the faid Lords Manor of Wotton before 
the faid grant, which is foe holden. And this is nowe, A° 1639. the inheritance 
of Robert Webbe, wherin hee dwelleth; who in 21 Jacobi, purchafed the fame of 
John Stanton fonne and heire of the faid John Stanton clerke, who dyed the yeare 
before, As an Inquificon then found the yeare hee dyed, doth fhewe. | 

QLty payment of Kingfilver. or ffifteene when it is granted by Parliament, in 
this burrowe or market towne, is — 4".- ob. without any deduction : And in the 
manor of Wotton fforren — 13"- 11 s 4 d without any deduction. 

Subfedy 5 n tne ' aft Subfedy in a° 5'° Rf Caroli were 18. fubfedy men in this burrowe 

or market towne, who paid to the kinge — 8 1 ! 8 s 

Able men. <0( able men for the warre betweene 20. and 60. yeares old in anno 6'? Rf 

Jacobi, which at a generall mutter appeared before Henry lord Berkeley, then 
Lieutenant of the County, were — 146. <&f 



414 blank 

415 

ffifteene. 



IBortlcp 407 

<£)f trayned Souldiers vnder Thomas Veel Efq^, their Captaine, are Souldiers. 

vz, Corfletts, and mufketts. 

5Cnb of Subfedy men in a° 5'? Rf Caroli, were in the Manor of Wotton fforren, Subfedy men in 
— 40, vz, in Nibley — 18. who paid — y u : 6'; In Combe — 7. who paid — 3'!' 4 s ; In 
Wortley — 6. who paid — 3'-' 4 s ; In Synwell with Bradley — 7. who paid — 52' 8 d . ; 
And in Huntingford— 2. who paid — 14 s 8'.' 

3if the whole Divition of Berkeley accompted a 4 th part of the County of Rates or Taxes. 
Glouc, bee in any tax for kinge or Coition wealth rated at — ioo'V Then this hun- 
dred of Berkeley paies therof — 33"- 3? And this Burrowe towne of Wotton — 8", 
Synwell with Bradley — 15 s , Wortley — 15?, Nybley — 25* Combe — , And 

Huntingford — 5*, as before in fol : 239. 

5'lt this wholl parifh of Wotton in a° 6 to Jacobi p>u\ were of able men fit for Able men in 
the warres betweene 20. and 60. yeares old, who appeared at a generall mufter — ° on pan 
428. vz, In the burrowe towne of Wotton — 146, vt fupra : In Synwell and Bradley 
— 71. In Wortley — 43. In Nybley — 126. In Simondfall and Combe. — ^8. And 

in Huntingford — 4. 

* 416) 

417 > blank. 
418) 

XPortky. 419 

J©0ttlcp : This is one of the hamblets or little villages that makes, or lately 
did make, the manor of Wotton fforren, and is within the parifh of Wotton, holden 
of the kinge by knight fervice in Capite. 

<tBcot(JC Horb 25ctkdep and the lady Eliz : his mother, by their Deed inrolled 
in Chancery dated, 28 Novembr. A° 7° Rf Caroli, fold this hamblet or village for 
1500 1 !' to Richard Poole gent and his heires, by the name of a Manor, naminge in 
whofe poffeffion each parcell was : Of which feverance I leave this proteftation 
behinde, that I was, and fpake, more againft it to the faid Lady, (fhee then, when 
fhee contracted, abidinge at the Lodge in Whitcliffe parke, and my Lord her fonne 
in ffrance,) then was fittinge in coition difcretion to have done, even to the angringe 
of her felfe towards mee, vfinge more reafons to have diffwaded her, then this 
leafe of paper would containe ; But vnder the mafke of raifinge of monies to pay 

my 



408 



J^unbrcD of 25crftckp 

my lord her fonnes debts, (which to doe fhee had his eftate then by his Convey- 
ance in her hands,) fhee vayled her owne ends ; And partly to leave a banke for 
M' George Berkeley her grandchilde, that lords fecond fonne, (fhee then entendinge 
him her Executor, which fhee after by her Will performed,) And partly to put out 
at intereft for her owne better maintenance, which with marvailous privacy to 
feverall fcryveners, each vnknowne to other in their imployments, fhee did ; And 
partly to give, and to have by her will to give, to kindred, freinds, and fervants ; 
Shee drewe by fale of this hamblet and of other lands and by making of Leafes 
and Copies to his Lo ps tenants, the greater part of — i iooo 1 !-, never by her accompted 
for, or knowne to her fonne till after her death, that by my fpeciall meanes it 
appeared ; from whom her care was to conceale all fhee could in this kinde, efpe- 
tially after I had foe earneftly diffwaded this, and fome other the like ; I then 
knowinge how fhee entended to 2. woemen her kinfwoemen — 3ooo'.'', which after 
fhee performed, to one of them in her health And to the other in her laft ficknes 
with all the fecrecy fhee could. 



Chantry. ^n 20. E. 3. Thomas lord Berkeley founded a Chantry in this hamblet of 

Wortley, and endowed it with a meffuage and one yard land and 50" rent p anu 
in Wotton for a Chaplein and his fucceffors, Divina fingulis diebus celebratura in 
Capella de Wortley, licenfed by the kfnge and confirmed by the Bifhop of the 
Dioceffe, then of Worcefter, Dedicated to the honour fervice and protection of 
S! John Baptift. 

3If you defire to read more of this Chantry, I referre you to what I have 
written in the life of the faid lord Thomas, called Thomas the third, vnder the title 
of his Almes and devotions, in the fecond volume of my hiftory of the lives of this 
Berkeleian family: And to the Inquificon found in 5. H. 5. after the death of | 
420 another Thomas lord Berkeley; And to the Inquificon found in 7. E. 4. after the 
death of Margaret Counteffe of Shroewlbury, grandchilde of the faid Lord. And 
fomwhat heerof before in Oufelworth, fol : 305. 306. 

Souldiers <©f Trayned Souldiers vnder Thomas Veel Efq 4 theire captaine, nowe are | 



•€&e 



I[)or0c£ for Craineo 25ano 



409 



Clje perfons charged to finde horfes for the trayned band vnder Sir Gabriell 421 
Lowe knight, the Captaine, in Anno 1626, in this Hundred, were theis, vz, 

€uw0$ict&, 

Sir William Hickes of Beverfton, knight. 
Thomas Chefter of Almondfbury, Efcfc. 
William Baffet of Ewley, Efcjy 

SDragooncjef. 

Sir John Bridgeman of Nimesfeild, knight. 
John Smyth of Nibley, Efq^. 
Thomas Yate of Arlingham, Efc^. 
Thomas Bicke of the fame, gent. 



John Trotman of Came gen 
Thomas Tyndall of Stinchcombe g 



betweene them. 



ffortune Came of Wike, widowe 
Thomas Came, her fonne 



betweene them. 



John Trotman of Stinchcombe, gen 
Humphry Browne of Elberton, gen. 
John Browninge of Cowley, gen. 
Thomas Walter of Horfeild, gen. 
Edward Greene, Viccar of Berkeley, Clerke. 



Lawrance Bridger, parfon of Slimbridge, clerke, ) betweene 
Witim Hop ton of Wanfwell by Berkeley, gen 



Anthony Kingefcote of Kingefcote, gen 
Thomas Clarke of Newton bagpath, gen 



betweene them. 



Mathew Smyth of Wanifwell, gen 
William Bower of Hurft, yeoman. 



betweene them. 



William Bye of Kingfwefton, 
Edward Haynes of the fame 
In toto. 18. 



betweene them. 



attio 



3 G VOL. Ill 



410 ^unoreo of 25crfedcp 

3lnD nowe, in A°. 1639. 15. Rf Caroli, at the clofinge vp of this Defcription, 
in this hundred of Berkeley, are vz, 

€ura££icrg, 

ft I 

422 blank 

4 2 3 jpor Conclusion : Though by likelihood I have omitted many perticularities 

of fundry kindes in this hundred, yet it fufficeth mee to thinke That I have preter- 
mitted little that is mentioned in fuch Records or bookes of hiftory as are eafily 
come by, or obtayned : Howbeit, I doe willingly acknowledge to have paffed by 
divers incertainties, leaft I might feeme to have fcattered any feed of diffention or 
of envy, by difclofinge fecrets, in fervinge the curiofity of I knowe not whom that 
(befides your felves) may read heerin. 

<C|)i£ knowe affuredly, That whatfoever I have written in the defcription of 
this Hundred, is proved either by Evidences in Berkeley Caftle, or by the Records 
heere mentioned in the kings Courts ; Or by Deeds in the private poffeffion of the 
freeholders themfelves which I have feene, Or elfe remaine in my owne Cuftody. | 

424 blank 



425 Sifter many daies failings I am nowe arrived at the haven which I longe defired 

to fee : I have nowe ended the tafke which many yeares fince I impofed vpon my 
felfe. Soe, fonne and fervant, with my double falutation, I bid yee All haile, and 
farewell : And as yee conceive or delight heerin, foe cenfure mee and theis my 
recreations ; finifhed accordinge to the comon accompt of vs Hundredors in the 
yeares, vz, 

Since our goeinge to Bollein with Sir Anthony Kingfton our j 6 
high Steward, in 37. H. 8. ... ... ... ... ••• ' 

Since the change of the Lawes in i° Eliz : ... ... ... 82. 

Since 



Conclusion 



411 



Since Oueene Eliz : was at Berkeley, in the 15 th yeare of her 

raigne. 
Since the great ffroft, in 14 Eliz : 
Since the firft great floud of Severne in 7° Eliz : 
Since the laft great floud (which I beheld), in 4' Jacobi, that 

overflowed the lower Countrey. 
Since the fall of the great Elme at Hams greene ... 
Since the Lord Berkeley kept his great xmas at Berkeley 

Caftle in 2° Jacobi 
Since our goeinge to Tilbury Campe in 88. ... 
But more ferioufly, In the yeare of our Lord — -1639. 21 

Decembr. Anno 15"? Regni Rf Caroli. Et anno aetatis 

meae — jt,. currente. 



3CllD farewell alfo to all my 20. other bookes, the recreations of my laft 50. 
yeares, vz, 

I. 2. 3. The hiftory of the lives of 2 1. Lords of Berkeley, in three large volumes. 

4. The booke of Terrars, or boundaries of each particuler pcell, of each 

tenant, holdinge for yeares or lives, by Copy or at Will, which the 

Lord Berkeley hath in this county of Glouc, in folio. 
5. 6. The 2. bookes of Survey or of perticulers, parted into fix columes, con- 

taininge each tenants name, what lives or yeares are in beinge ; The 

quantity of acres foe held ; Rent referved ; value above that rent ; 

with what heriot, Capons, hens, or rent corne, fuch tenants yearly pay, 

in folio. In 12. et 22. Rf Jacobi. 
7. 8. Two bookes in folio, the one in parchment the other in paper, of all the 

Lord Berkeleis Tenures by knight fervice, with the proofes that are 

either with or againft fuch knight fervice Tenures. | 
9. A booke in velome, of all Wardfhips and knight fervice Releefes, which 4 2 ^ 

have happened to the lord Berkeleys in any county in the laft 55. 

yeares of my fervice vnder this family, in 4'? 
10. A wood booke of each tree, whether timber or firewood, growinge vpon 

each tenants leafe land, or copihold land of the lord Berkeleies, with 

their kindes, and values, in folio. 

II. 12. Two bookes of Rent rolls in folio; what rent each ffreeholder or other 

termor, for yeares or lives, by Copy or at Will, yearly pay to the lord 
Berkeley. 

13. A 



4i2 J^unbrco of 23crhricp 

13. A fute roll in parchment, in folio, of all freeholders which owe fute to 
the three weekes Court, or Court of pleas, holden each Munday 3. 
weekes at Berkeley, And for what lands they owe fuch fervice. 
14. 15. 16. Three bookes in folio, containinge the names of each inhabitant in this 
county of Glouc, how they ftood charged with Armor in a° 6'.° Jacobi, 
And who then was Lord or owner of each Manor or Lordfhip within 
the County ; which you may call my Nomina villarum. 

17. A booke in a large folio, how each man in this hundred, and in the 

whole divition of Berkeley, hath byn for divers yeares paft, and yet 
is, charged in the fubfedy Rolls in the kings Exchequer. 

18. A booke in a large folio, of all paffages in the office of Lieutenancy 

from 1° to 11° Rf Jacobi, whileft Henry lord Berkeley was Lieutenant, 
who died in the faid 1 1* yeare. 

19. A booke in folio of all offices or Inquificons poft mortem, and of Ad 

quod damnum, in the county of Glouc from 10. H. 3. till 28. H. 8. in 
which yeare I leaft of my further fearches therin ; As I did in 1™ 
Jacobi, in the office of the Lord Treaforers Remembrancer in the 
Exchequer. 

20. A booke in folio what each Townfhip paieth to the ffifteenth or Tenth 

to the kinge, when it is granted by parliament. 

21. Alfo this booke in folio, of this defcription of the hundred of Berkeley 

and of the Inhabitants thereof; The laft of all : which, as the laft, I 
reioice to behold, the labour beinge ended. 
26. And if you my fonne John, pleafe to accompt theis, the number will 
bee — 26 ; vz, That of my life in 4*? dedicated to your felfe. The 
hiftory of the Burrowe and Manor of Tetbury dedicated by mee to 
one of your brothers. The hiftory of the Manor and hundred of 
Bofliam in the county of Suffex, dedicated to Mr George Berkeley, 
when it became to bee his vpon his purchafe from his father in anno 
13° Caroli. 1637. The like hiftories of the honour and Manor of 
Melton Mowbray in the county of Leic', And of Bitton in the county 
of Glouc, of all which I have beene Steward. 




INDEX TO SUBJECTS 



Note. — That in this and the following Indices no attempt is made to diftinguifh the different individuals 

or places of the fame name, or the different mode of fpelling them, and that one reference 

only is given, notwithftanding the name may occur more than once on the fame page. 



Arlingham, Vicar of ... ... ... ... 68 

Afaph, St., Bifhop of 52 

Afhelworth, derivation of name ... ... 72 

Auguflins, St., Briftol, Abbots of, 6 ; fucceffion 

of, 52, 53> 54; 5S> 73> 82, 8 7. 9 6 > M2, 143, 161, 

167, 198, 201, 223, 228, 229, 233, 260, 262, 263, 
372 



Barns, Tithe 

Bath, Prior of 

Becketfbury Camp 
Berkeley, Burgeffes of ... 

11 derivation of name 

11 law fuit 



36, 90, 113, 209, 362 

149 

397, 398 

84 

1, 95 

397 



n M. and H., devolution of, 7, 8 ; Domef- 

day record of ... ... ... 8 — 9 

11 Vicars of 95, 99, 409 

Blood-wort, tradition concerning ... ... 329 

Bluemead Sunday, at Stinchcombe hill, games 

at 349, 35° 

Bondmen or Villans ... ... ... ... 43 

" Borachias," meaning of ... ... ...344;? 

Bretcorn ... ... ... ... ... ••• 68 

Briftol, Bifhopric of ... ... 161, 197, 232, 233 

Bifhops of ... 71, 72, 161, 165, 197, 223 

Dean and Chapter of ... 61, 89, 108, 109 

Deanery of 179, 198, 233 

Mayor and Commonalty of ... ... 389 

St. Auguftin's Abbey, fee Auguflins 



Came Church, Lamp lands 

11 Rectory of 
Camps 
Canterbury, Archbifhops of 



136, 170 
... 87 
146, 193 

77, 398 



Caftle Card, Berkeley Caftle 
" Cementarius," meaning of 
Chantries — 

Arlingham 

Berkeley 

Bradflon 

Brokenbury ... 

Cambridge 

Cirencefter 

Hill 

Newport 

Nibley 

Slimbridge 

Stone ... 

Wortley 

Wotton 



37i 
69 n 



68, 69 

90, 91, 98, 99, 232 

116, 117 

55- 56 

159 

333 

225 

38, 39 
278, 292, 293 

329 

5i»35 8 . 363, 365. 369 

408 

401, 402 
Chapels, 38, 55, 86, 87, 92, ri6, 123, 225, 233, 251, 

260, 261, 286, 372 
" Charibdes," meaning of 
Charters, original, 70, 71, 87, 129, 134, 
200, 204, 325, 326, 326 n, 353, 380, 381 

Chertfey, Abbot of 

Combe, derivation of 

"Conuzee," meaning of... 

Copyhold lands, cuftoms of 

"Cote," derivation of... 

Courts, Hundred, io, n; procedure in ib. 

Cowley Fair 

11 Sports 
Cuftom of Election of Mayor of Wotton 
Cuftoms, Manorial, 16 — 22, 150 — 151, 197, 226, 321 

322, 324, 334 
Cuftoms of the River Severn ... ... 321, 322 



• •344« 
2, 184, 



146 

... 33 o« 

16 — 22 

120 

16 

... 151 

... 151 

399, 4°° 



4'4 



INDEX TO SUBJECTS 



Dedication of the Work 33 

Documents, original, 70, 87, 129, 134, 147, 172, 182, 

183, 200, 201, 223, 242, 266, 267, 268, 275, 279, 

280, 281, 288, 289, 311, 325, 326, 326 «, 327, 

35°. 35*. 352. 353, 380, 381 
Domefday Records, 8, 51, 58, 71, 81, 99, 121, 149, 

161, 170, 207, 300, 306, 323, 396 

Durfley, Deanery of 10,170 

11 derivation of name ... ... ••• 17° 



" Eigne," meaning of 

Elizabeth, Q., her vifit to Berkeley 
Elm tree, at Ham Green, fall of 

Evefham, Abbot of 

Eweley, various ways of fpelling the name 
Exeter, Bifhops of 



264 n 
411 
. 411 
187 
. 180 
• 52 



39, 82, 151, 164, 397 
16 



Fairs 

Fees, Steward's ... 

Filton, Rectors of 

Fifh, defcription of different kinds found in the 
Severn... 

Flaxley, Abbot of 

Franchifes, fee Liberties 

Free Warren 7 



233 

3i9 
61 

164 



182 n 

321 

320 

87, 102, 122, 123 n 



" Gainagium," meaning of 

Gale fifhing in Severn . . . 

Glaftonbury, Abbot of ... 

Gloucefter Abbey, 66, 67, 
158, 193. 258, 3° 2 

Gloucefter, Abbot of ... 76, 146, 150, 151, 193, 308 

Archdeacon of ... ■■■ ••• 202 

Bifhop of 202, 265 

Bifhopric of ■•• 122 

Deanery of ... ••• •■- 7°. 7 2 

Earls of 171, 187 

Hofpital of St. Bartholamew ... 313 

St. Ofwald's Priory 334 

Gloucefterfhire, Sheriff of 320 

Granges of Kingfwood Abbey ... ... ••• 121 

"Gurgites," meaning of... ... ... ...3440 

Hame, definition of name, 207 ; devolution of, 208 
Hereford, Canons