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''.•• . 



&L^ Bert's Treatise 


Hawks and Hawking 

For the First Time Reprinted from the 
Original of 1619 



m* uonnui socirrr or lohdoh 



* * 

\f\ " 

»•- • • • • • •• 

• • • • • • • 

• • • • • • 


• • • I 

• • *• ' 

• • • • • Z • 

• ••• • •*•• 
» * • • • • 

• ••• •■ •• 

• • I •• • • 
• • •• 

>•• • 


?F the three treatises by our old Eng- 

^ lish masters of falconry, Turbervile, 

b Latham, and Bert, that of Bert at the 

^ present time is unquestionably the 

^ scarcest. In the course of twenty 

5 years' book-collecting, I have heard 

of but two copies for sale; while in 

regard to the others, hardly a year elapses in which a 

few examples do not come into the book-market, although, 

it must be confessed, at sufficiently high prices, if in 

good condition. 

Of Turbervile's work two editions appeared ; ' of 
Latham's, four." 

The " Treatise " by Bert, first published in 1619, has 
until now never been reprinted — a circumstance, no doubt, 
which in some measure accounts for its greater rarity. 
From certain statements of the author, it would seem 

> The Booke of Fanlconiie oi Hawking ; for the oaelj dcUfht uid plcainie of all 
noblemen and gentlemen. Collected, &c , . . Bj Geoi^e Turbervile, geDtleman, 
1575. Second edition, 1611. For the full titles of both editinu, with critical notes, 
see Hartinei BiblielhKa Accipiiraria, pp. u, 13. 

' Falconry, or the Faulcon's Lure and Care: in two Booki, 1615. New and 
second Booke of Faulconry, j6i8. Second edition of both, 1633. Thiid, 1653. 
Fourth, 1658. For the full titles see Hariin^, op. rit., pp. tS-i^- 

iv Introduction. 

to have been printed chiefly to oblige his friends, and 
was not intended for general circulation. 

** I did never purpose (he says) to publish in common 
these my labours, but to have given them privately to 
whom they are dedicated, and to whom I stand devoted ; 
but being discovered to some of my friends, and by them 
made knowne to many of the rest, their importunities and 
earnest persuasions have made mee put it to the presse." 

Farther on he remarks (p. 8), ** It hath long laine by 
me, and that I have not beene forward to publish this 
but in a manuscript, is very well knowne to many of my 
friends." From this it may be inferred that only a limited 
number of copies were originally printed. 

But whatever cause or causes may have conduced to 
its scarcity, the fact remdns that at the present time the 
work is practically unprocurable ; and this is the more to 
be regretted, because having been composed by an Eng- 
lish falconer of great experience, it is still of utility and 
value to those who at the present day would keep hawks 
and fly them at game. 

Under these circumstances, ! have undertaken the 
present reprint, in the belief that there are others who 
will be glad to possess a copy, if, like myself, they have 
tried in vain to procure the original 

The text has been set up with great care by Messrs. 
Ballantyne & Hanson, at the Ballantyne Press, Edin- 
burgh, from an original copy in the possession of the 
Hon. Gerald Lascelles, to whom I am indebted for the 
loan of it ; and it will be found on examination that not 
only is this a verbatim et literatim reprint, but that in 
regard to type, headlines, initials, and other ornaments, 

Introduction. v 

it is as nearly a facsimile as it is possible to make it 
without the aid of photography. 

One hundred copies only have been printed* 
Of the author, Edmund Bert, little is known beyond 
what he himself has told us in his " Treatise." He lived 
at Collier Row, near Romford, Essex, and was somewhat 
advanced in years and in failing health when he was per- 
suaded to publish the results of his experience as a fal- 
coner. Some of his recipes, it appears, he had used for 
sixteen or seventeen years (p. 103), and his method of 
hooding a shy hawk, he says, he '* did privately deliver 
to some of my friends by wofd of mouth above twenty 
yeares since (1599), and some did carefully follow my 
direction, and did not faile." But it was after he had 
been ill for some time that he began seriously to think 
of publication. " By gentlemen that have come to visite 
and comfort me (he says) in the time of my sicknes, which 
hath continued with me for the most part these three 
yeares, I have been over-powred (desiring that my know- 
ledge might not be buried with mee) to thrust out my 
labours to publike view " (p. 8). 

Amongst his friends and acquaintances a few are 
mentioned by name. He alludes to Sir Edward 
Saliard, a knight of high estimation in this art (p. 
40). Old Sir Robert Wroth, who had an excellent 
goshawk, and Master Raineford, who had a hawke, are 
referred to (p. 68), and to the worthy Baron whom he 
on one occasion met "in the Strand,'* he "did deliver 
a very sound hawke, and had for her thirty pounds" 
(p. 106). Mention is also made of " Master Batcheler, that 
was Master of all the Faulconers by Povvles" (p. 95). 

vi Introduction. 

But, as a rule, his friends and neighbours are referred 
to as *'a worthy knight to whom I stood bound for many 
former kind guifts " (p. 88),. or " two knights, both of them 
very judicious austringers, and two gentlemen of the same 
family though dwelling tenne miles asunder *' (p. 88), or 
" an ancient and skilful ausferinger " * (p. 96), and so forth. 

He used to ride out of Essex into Sussex to hawk 
over the downs, where (he says) " I have killed for the 
most part of a moneth together with an intermewed gos- 
hawke eight, nine, or tenne partridges, in a day. The 
day of my going thither and the day of my returne to 
London was just five weeks, and it was a fortnight or 
more in Michaelmas terme when I came backe. I killed 
in that time wkh that one hawke foure score and odd 
partridges, five pheasants, seven rayles, and foure hares 
against my will '" (p. 29). 

Elsewhere (p. 99) he alludes to flying at the brooke 
(that is, at waterfowl) in Leicestershire. He was very 
successful in training and flying the goshawk, to which 
species, indeed, his instructions chiefly relate. He had 
for one goshawk and a tarsell a hundred marks, both 
sold to one man within sixteen months. For another 
he was offered forty pounds (p. 105), and ultimately sold 
her for thirty. 

He particularly delighted in pheasant^hawking with 
a goshawk and spaniels, and at the time of writing his 
remarks on the subject, had had seven years' experi- 
ence in this branch of the sport (p. 317). The hints and 
advice which he gives in relation to it are accordingly 
most practical and useful. 

* One who kept a goshawk, astury Fr. auiew\ 

Introduction. vii 

The following passage, which occurs on p. 36, explains 
how pheasant-hawking was pursued : — " If I spring a 
phesant, I cannot in the covert have my dogs at that 
command that I have them in the field. Let me make 
all the hast I can after my hawke, I might misse of the 
quick finding her, if by my dogs questing I were not 
drawne where she is : it is ten to one she will not hunt 
for it upon the ground ; if she should, it will teach her wit ; 
but it is more likely that she will, if the covert with 
broome or furzes be not thicke in the bottome, but that 
she may see it, she will, as it runneth, tend it, flying ouer 
it from tree to tree, and when the dogs doe spring it, she 
is so over it, as that it will never rise to goe to a high 
pearch ; if it should, the hawke would have it before it 
come there," 

His method of making a shy hawk to the hood (p. 44) 
has been already referred to. His contrivance for pre- 
venting a goshawk from perching (p. 69) is equally 
ingenious, and, it is believed, original. 

Apropos of the Dedication to the Right Honourable 
Henry Earl of Oxenford, it may be noted that in 1795 
a silver " varvel," engraved with the name " Oxenforde," 
was found near Headingham Castle, the ancient seat of 
this family in Essex. It is figured and described in the 
Archaologia^ vol. xii. pi. 51, p. 410, and may well have 
belonged to the nobleman to whom this book is dedicated. 


Burlington House, 
Christmas i8go. 




Hawkes and Hawking. 

Diuided into three Bookes~ 
The firft teacheth, How to make a fliort-win- " 

ged Hawke good, with good conditions. 
The fecond, How to reclaime a Hawke from 

any ill condition. 
The third, teacheth Cures for all knowne 

griefes and difeafes. 

By Edmvnd Bert, Gentleman. 


Printed by T, S. for Richard Moore, and are to be 
fold at his fhop in S. Tiunftans Church-yard. 


HENRY, Earle of Oxen- 
ford, ViicoMntBulbecke, Lord 
Sanford and Scabs, and Lewd 
Great-Chamberlaine of 

Y Honourable Lord, I 

netter affe6ied flattery, 

if I had I fltould no-w 

kaue beene much difap- 

pointed ; for your noble 

worth exceeds what I 

canfay. To particularize your honourable 

Titles, or here to blazon your excellencies 

were needlejfe, and fhall rather be Printed 

on myfaithfullheartjhenpublifl^dbymy 

ruderpen, efpedally vpon thededication of 

fo flight afubie£l. Sir^ I have long waited 

« 2 for 

The Epistle 

for opportunity, & this great while whiptoc- 
cafion on.whereby I might tender fome open 
tejlimonie of my hue, before I dye, which 
may remaine as a perpetual memoriall of 
my euer-deuotedferuice. To that end {my 
Lord) Ihaue runne backe into my younger 
yeares, tofummon the delights of my able 
youth, together with the fruits of my more 
experienced age, {comprifed within a few 
leaues) to attend your Lordships leafure, 
and humbly t'O crave your Honours patron- 
age. To arrogate to myfelfe by an immo- 
derate commendation <fthe IVorke, were 
poore: toderogateioomuchfrom it through 
modefly, were asjilly. Therefore {not to be 
excef/ive in the one^ nor too liberall in the 
other) I would {with your honourable fa- 
uour) doe you thus much to vnderjiand: 
As for thefubie6l it is not waighty {being 
but a Treatife offporf) and to attend and 
to giue place to your Lord/hips honourable 
affaires, andmoreferi&us imployments; but 
as for the handling of the Subie6l {I dare, 
and will boldly fay and auerre) it is good: 
Nay, Iwillfubmdtmyfelfe to partiall cen- 



furers vponduetrially and hazard my repu^ 
tation vpon true iudgement. My Lord, I 
frame not my wauering/urmizes vpon pro- 
babilities o/fic dicunt; but I ground my 
conjiant opinion vpon certainty ^proba- 
tum eft : Nor can I quote any Author but 
myfelfe, and out of my owne indujirious 
experiments I {firjl) extracted my owne 
conclujions : I reape no mans haruejl, but 
plough with my owne Heifer. In fine, I 
here dedicate to your Lordfhip the delights 
of my Childe-hood, the pleafures of my 
youthy the experiments of my age, my faith- 
full {though painefull) labours ^ my fruit- 
full {though flight) indeauours, myfelfe, 
my continuall feruice and obseruance to 
your truely-noble Selfe, humbly requefling 
your Honour not to be afhamed to Patro- 
nize that which your feruant is not afraid 
toprefent: And thatfhall crowne mypoore 
indeauours, and giue my labours an eter- 
nail fufficit ; and make me etier rejl 

Your Lordfhips humbly deuoted, 


To the friendly Reader, 

Riendly Reader, I did ne- 
uer purpofe to publifli in 
common thefe my labours, 
but to baue giuen them 
priuately ta whom they 
are dedicated,and to whom 
I ftand deuoted : but being 
difcouered to ibme of my friends, and by them 
made knowne to many of the reft, their im- 
portunities and earneft perfwafions haue made 
mee put it to the preffe, whereby I ftial be 
fenfured of fuch as haue left ludgement, but 
let it anfwere for it felfe ; I haue not fet down 
any thing fo erronious, but being well exami- 
ned, it will proue iudictous: and although this 
fubiet^ hath already beene dealt withall, and 
well handled by a Gentleman of good experi- 
ence, whofe good and probable difcourfe might 
be a meanes to hinder my proceeding herewith, 
yet a great manygentlemen to whom the good- 
nefle of my hawkes haue beene knowne to be 
fuch as that they could not be bettered, doe 

To the friendly Reader. 

ftrongly inforce it, that my Skill, Art, & know- 
ledge muft be in the fame degree : I n truth I haue 
not kept any hawke aboue three yeeres, but I 
haue put them off for much money, befides ma- 
ny thanks, and much loue. I had for a Goftiawke 
and a Tarfell a hundred Marks, both folde to 
one man within fixteen moneths. I know there 
are many of good experience will ouerlooke this 
my booke, and fome that are young profeffors, 
and fome that would learne to profeffe, but 
whatfoeuer he be thatvndertaketh thisprofeffi- 
on, I will wifh him an able body, a quicke fpirit, 
and moil of all, an earned loue and delight 
thereunto ; to fuch a man a hawke will quickly 
teach knowledge, but of him that wanteth wit 
fhee will make a foole, and of a dull-fpirit a 
true pack-horfe : If thefe good properties fhall 
be wanting in a man, he is hardly to be made a 
good Auftringer, and it will be hard for him to 
make a good hawke. I would I were able to de- 
liuer plainely what I vnderfland, I willfetdowne 
as familiarly as I can, the beil inftrudlions I am 
able, but knowledge and vnderilanding, louing 
praftitioner muft be gotten by thy diligent and 
careful! obferuing thy hawke, in her fundry 
paffions and fudden toyes, fuch vigelance, fuch 
diligence, and fuch carefulneffe will worke fuch 
an apprehenfion in thee, as in a little time thy 
knowledge and underftanding will bring forth 
fuch effeft, as that thou wilt be able to preuent 


To the friendly Reader. 

all her ill intendments. I cannot fet downe what 
thy experience will teach thee ; but I reft to giue 
thee fuller fatisfa6lion, by conference, then I 
haue herein or can poffibly publilh : Farewell. 

From my hoafe at Collier'Row^ 
neere RutnfarcL 

Thine to his power. 

Edmvnd Bert. 



the feuerall Chapters of this 

B O K E. 

The firft part, teacheth how to make a fkort- 
winged Hawke good, &c. 

Chap. I. 

'ie AtUhours opinion of the Gof- 
hawke and Tarfell, and of their 
difference ; which hee writeth to 
them that are of fmall prailice, 
%nd %oould haue their labours put 
to the befi profit. 

Wherein the Tarfel differeth from the Gof- 


Ofthefeuerallkindes of the Goflia\^es andTz r- 
fels, viz. the Haggart, the Rammifti, and the 
Eyes Hawke \ (/ will difiinguijk no further) 
S J A and 

The Contents. 

and of their differing difpqfitions : Andfirjl 
of the Haggart. 


The defcription of the Rammifh Hawke. 


The defcription of the Eyas, vpon whom I can 
faflen no affe^ion.for the multitude of their 
follies and faults. 


A pre-admonition to the Reader. 


The Tnanner howlhaue vfed the Rammifhy&ri^- 
Gofliawke, after I haue taken her from the 
Cage vnto my fifty vntillfhee hath beene fly- 


The Contents. 

The Contents of the fecond 


Wherein is Jet down, how to reclaime a 
Hawke from any ill condition. 

Chap. I. 

iOw to make a Hawke hoode well 
that will not abide the fight there- 
of , and {how diforderly foeuerjhee 
be) it Jhall be effeiled in forty eight 
houres, with leffe then forty bates. 

How to bring a Hawke that will royle, andfeeke 
for Poultrey at a houfe, to good perfehion : 
And how to winne her loite, in whom an ill 
keeper hath wrought fuch carelefneffe. 

How to reclaime a Hawke that will carry, and 
notfuffer her keeper to come vnto her. 


To reclaime a Hawke that will carry a Part- 
ridge into a Tree. 

A 2 How 

The Contents. 


How to vfe that Hawke^ that ajfoone as Jhe 
hath a Partridge will breake it, and gorge 
herjelfe vpon it. 



How to vfeaHawke that will carry a Partridge 
into a Tree, and will not be driuen to the 
ground, but will there ajfuredly eate it : And 
{it may be) not betaken vp untillthe next night. 


How to reclaime a Hawke that will neither 
abide hor/e-men^Jirangers, Carts, or Women, 
or/tuh like. 


How to vfe a Hawke that will Jit vpon the 
ground at marke, and by mijjing many flights, 
beate out her felfe from her true flying. 


That the Tarfell is moreproane to thefe ill con- 
ditions then the Hawke, and how to reclaime 
him that will feeke for a Doue-houfe. 


The Contents. 

The Contents of the Third 


IVherein isfet down, Cures for all 
known difeafes. 

Chap. I. 
^t:/l, for the beake, mouthy ^es, head 
andthroat, and of the feuerall grief es 
and difeafes therebreeding,andoffen- 



A medicine for a wet Canker in the mouth or 
beake, which will eate into her eyes and 
braine ; and {vnlejfe it be killed) will kill 
her; and this is more common with the long- 
winged then fkort-winged Hawke. 


A medicine for the Frounce, whereunto the 
long-winged Hawke is much more fubieSl 
then thefhort. 

A remedy for the kimels, wltereunto the long- 
winged Hawke is not fubieSl, but it much 
followeth the fhort-winged Hawke. 

A 3 There 

The Contents. 


There is a difeafe in the head^ of fame called 
Vertego, a/wimming of the braine, and the 
cure followeth. 


ThePinneinthethroctt, ofallotherthemojlde/pe- 
rate and vncurable difeafe: Ihaue not knowne 
a long'winged Hawke troubled thercTmth, but 
to afhortwinged Hawke it brings death. 

A n excellent medicine for a blowe orlq/h in the eye. 


An excellent water for a hot rhume that run- 
neth out of the eye^ the heaie whereof fcaldeth 
all the feathers from that part vnder the 
eye^ and maketk it bare. 


For a Snurty or colde in the head of the 
Hawke ^ or the Rye. 


For the Mytes^ wherewith I have knowne many 



i — . 

The Contents. 

the beake, but the very leukes haue beene left 
without feathers^ and eaten the veryjkin off. 


A receipt beyonde all other y to take out Lyme 
from the feathers of a Hawke. 


A powder to begiuen to a Hawke that bloweth^ 
and is fhort-winded. 


A medicine for the Wormes, wherewith all 
Hawkes are troubled^ and other creatures alfo. 


A receipt for a Hawke that hath lo/l her 
courage, and ioyeth not. 


To di/iill a water wherewith to flrengthen a 
weake Hawke. 


To di/lilla water, whofe property is to kill any 
vnnatural heate in the mouth or body ; a 
great cleanfer and increafer of the breath ; 


The Contents. 

and the 60 that euer was for the Liuer 
that is het, and nothing better for a field- 
hawke thatflyeth in Somer. 


An excellent approued medicine for a dangerous 
bruife, to be giuen prefently after the hurt. 


A medicine for a Hawke that hath receiued a 
wound byfome ill accident. 


A medicine for the Cray. 


A receipt for ajireine or bruife in thefoote. 




Hawkes and Hawking. 

Chap. I. 

The Authors opinion of the GofiiawkeandTarfell, 
and of ihetr difference; all which hee writeth' 
vnto them that are offmallpraSlife, and to them 
thatwQuldhauetheirlaboursputtothebefl profit. 

He Gojhawke is mofl able to 
indure much, and is more 
profitable then the Tarfell, 
not onely with bringing 
home many quarries, but 
with bringing diueriity and 
variety of quarries : Her 
difpofition is meeke and 
gentle, if fhe be mildely delt with, and not fo apt 
to ill conditions as is the Tarfell, flie is fubiei5l 
to feeke for poultry, into which fault fhe will 
neuer fall, except it be through want of know- 
ledge in her keeper; which fault to preuent, 
B as 

Bert's Treatife of 

as alfo how to reclaime a Hawke from that euill 
condition, or any other, I will hereafter giue moft 
plaine and true inilru6lion in his proper place. 

Chap. II. 

Wherein />4^Tarfell differethfram the Gofhawke* 

"C^ Xcept it be for his pra<5life, I would not aduife 
'^^him that cannot rightly effect all things in a 
Gojhawke^ to meddle with the Tar/ell^ for hee is apt 
to ill conditions, which euery good Auftringer (if 
he will) is able to preuent : He will take diflike at 
many things, or at any thing ; he is apt to roy le, and 
fometimes may finde poultry that is fit for his 
turne; and if he once take a liking, and fland well 
affefted that way, ^there is none vnfit for him : 
Hee will quickely knowe a Doue-houfe, and too 
foone learne to finde the way into it, and then he 
hath wit enough to plestfe himfelfe ; but thefe 
faults and many more follow fuch Hawkes as are 
not well handled, but are harfhly and vnkindely 
delt with in their firft manning; He is light-headed 
and nimble winged, the quicke handling of them 
in his flying pleafeth more then the Gojhawke, and 
therein the Spar-hawke exceedeth the Tar/ell, and 
the Marlin therein exceedeth both Gojhawke, 
Tar/ell, & Spar^kawke. Tbey may fitly be com* 
pared vnto a large Gelding, and a fmaller, the 
firil hauing a large and long (Iroke goeth fafler 
then he feemeth, the other that gathereth (hort 
and thick feemeth to goe much fafter then he 

doth ; 

A compart- 

In either 
kinde this 
holdeth not 

Hawkes and Hawking. 

doth ; the larger (hall inforce the lefier to ilrike 
thrife for the ground that he will almoft at twice 
performe ; my opinion is, hee that riddeth mod 
ground, with moft eafe, fhall longeft endure, 
ludge your felfe the difference betweene the 
Gq/hawke^ Tar/ell, and Spar-hawke. 

Chap. III. 

^Gofhawkes there are three/euerall kindes^and 
fo (T/'Tarfels, the Haggart Hawke, the Ramifh, 
and the Eyas, much differing from the re/i. 

T Onely write now the differing difpofitions of 
^thefe Hawkes, of their feuerall properties, and 
the inconueniences that followeth them in parti- 
cular: and firfl of the. Haggart in generall. She 
hath lined long at liberty, having many things at 
her command, and fhe is therefore the harder to be 
brought to fubie<5lion and obedience : In her firfl 
manning fhe is apt to take euery accidentall occa- 
liort that giueth offence to come from her keeper; A compan- 
As a yong horfe in his firfl riding, if he fhall bogge*^'^* 
or be afraid of fomething, if his rider fhall then 
fpurre him vpon it, the horfe may thus thinke that 
the thing whereon nowinfeareall his thoughts are 
placed, is the true moouer of the fpurres that tor- 
ment him ; fo ^^ Haggart tyed to her Maftersfifl, 
that bateth, and then findeth her reftraint, the ob- 
ie6l taken away, fhe will flare her keeper in the face, 
and thinke all the offence came from him, to whofe 
fiflfhe was tyed, otherwife fhe had beene at liberty, 

B 2 and 

Bert's Treatife of 

A caueat and fo could haue freed her felfe from whatfoeuer 
feared her. But let mee fpeake this now more 
than I purpofed, left hereafter in his proper place 
I may forget to give that caueat, if thy Haggart be 
fo angry as ^hat ihe ftare thee in the face vpon any 
fuch accidental! occafion, or fodaine thought of 
her prefent bondage, owne it not, fee it not, and 
by all means poffible carry thine eye from looking 
vpon her, for that will worke her more diflike to- 
wards thee 1 which if you obferue, you Ihall the 
A great in- fooner finde her pacified. She feldome meweth 
conuenience, timely or orderly; and although fome can fay that 
they haue had a Haggard Gojhawke mewed well 
and faire, fit to draw at Bartholomew; I anfwere 
one Swallow maketh not a Summer. 
When the H^ggartx^Aymg^ nature is altered, and 
therefore I muft not here fpeake of her good or bad 
properties at that time, for they are wrought in her 
through the good or bad diicretion of her keeper, 
when ihe was in making, or after flie was made, as 
her keeper thoght. I will leaue thofe to their 
proper place, onely I fay ^ fo conclude, that your 
Haggart is very louing and kinde to her keepw, 
after that he hath brought her, by his fweet and 
kinde familiarity, to vnderftand him ; but if ihee 
fall into any vice, Ihee is moft hardiy reclaimed 
from it, and brought to good perfection again ; 
if it fhall be hoped for, it fhall fooneft be gotten 
and performed, by exchanging her keeper, if bis 
skill may equall her former keeper. 


Hawkes and Hawking. 

Chap. IV. 

The defcription of the Rammifh Hawke. 

nr^Here is fmall difference betweene the Hag- 
^ gart and the Rammijhy onely the RammiJJt 
Hawke hath hadleffetime(by preyingforherfelfe 
then the other) to know her owne ftrength and 
worth, but in manning and making her I will fet 
downe my whole praftife, with my friendly aduife 
to others that will enter into the fame courfe,for in 
1^^ Rammifh Hawke is my efpeciall delight, for in 
them my labours haue proued moft fucceffefull. 

Chap* V. 

Of the Eyas Hawke ^ vpon whom Icanfcflen no affe- 
Sliofiyfor the multittide of her follies and faults. 

T Feele it moft burthenfome to fpend my time 
^idlely ; I thinke the difference little, either to be 
idle, or fpend the time to no purpofe,or be long of 
doing a little, and fuch effe6l his trauell will giue 
him for reward that medleth with an jE]y^^, except 
a long expe6lation of good will giue himfatisfa<5li- 
on ; For they are fo foolifh as the firft yeare they 
will hardly be taught to take a bough well, and if 
that cannot be effected, there can no profperous 
fucceffe be expelled. I haue knowne ibme that 
haue not prooued very excellent the fecond yeare 
in taking a bough, and then itisafoulefault, to doe 

B 3 nothing 

Bert's Treatife of 

I will not 
affirm that 
all will 
prooue thus* 

Neither is 
this gene- 
rally to be 

finde here- 
after a 
remedy for 

Eqfie to be 

nothing the firft yeare, and not very much the fe- 
cond ; for I haue feene divers entermewers hang 
with their head downward, holding a bough faft in 
her foote or feete. I haue knowne fome of them 
likewife that would fooner catch a dogge in the 
field then a Partridge^ and although ihe had flown 
a Partridge very well to marke, and fat well, yet fo 
£oone as a dog had but come in to the retroue, (he 
would haue had him by the face. One other as ill 
a fault as this, if Ihe flye well, yet it is oddes you 
(hall finde her fitting vpon the ground at marke, 
when although you keepe your dogs quietly be- 
hinde you, and though you vfe fome courfe to ter- 
rifie her, or take her betweene your hands and 
throwe her vp, you may perhaps finde her folly 
giue her leaue to fall again vpon the ground with- 
in twelue or twenty yards of you ; feare the worft, 
the beftwiU heipe it felfe,it may be ihe will not gee 
to a tree at all, (this is grieuous.) Neither will 
moft of them like the hoode well, and many of 
them will cry as loud to ypu,as you will fpeake to 
them. Neither can I hope to buy a found Hawke 
of them from the Cage, who knoweth not that 
they are hot and fcratching vpon the quarry : Art 
will f afily amend that fault, which I will not faile 
to deliuer in his place. But this I fay, if a man haue 
the patience to endure their impatience, and at- 
tend a long time for their good procrfe, if at the laft 
flie fhall prooue well, (he may be ranked among 
the beft in the bigheft degree : Shewilleuer mcwe 
orderly and timely, and except fome euill accident 


Hawkes and Hawking. 

(horten her dayes, ihe will liue longer then any of 
the reft, ihe is not apt to be ficke^or furfeit fofoone 
as the other, yet if a iickneffe fhould befall her, (he 
will out-grow it with leffe danger then the other. I a 
thisdifcourfe I hauealtogetherfpokenofthe^^Oiy- 
Hawke, but the Tar/ell \s not fo vnapt to take a 
bough, neither is hee apt to catch dogges^ if hee 
prooue well : there can no attribute be giuen lo 
the Rammijh Tarfell (but all qualities examined) 
he (hall owne as good, or better. And thus much 
as concerning my opinion of the Eyas Hawke. 

Chap. VI. 
To the friendly Reader. 

T^Riendly Reader, before I beginne to treate of 
^ thtRammiJh Hawke,andtofetdownethecour- 
fes whereby I haue made fo many and fo extraor- 
dinary good Hawkes, as they could not be bettered 
both for flying and good conditions, I muft tell 
you, and fo farre explaine my felfe, that I doe not 
therein fo much arrogate to my felf, as to thinke 
my courfes are not to be equalled, but they maybe 
bettered, even by men that liue in obfcurity, but 
for what I write, is my opinion ; from which (al- 
though it (hall mooue others but little) I cannot be 
drawne, becaufe I haue had thereby fo good, fo 
profperous, and fo profitable fucceflfe : Some may 
contrary my opinion, who can for themfelues fay 
but as I doe, that their opinion is fuch ; if I cannot 


8 Bert's Treatife of 

fet downe fufficient reafons for my proceedings, 
my Hawkes Ihall teftifie for me, it hath long laine 
by me, and that I haue not beene forward to pub- 
lifli this but in a Manu-fcript, is very well knowne 
to many of my friends. Gentlemen that haue come 
to vifite and comfort me in the time of my ficknes 
(which hath continued with me for the moft part 
thefe three year^ in all which time I haue made but 
onely one Hawke, but diuers haue beene brought 
vnto me to be cured of diuers difeafes,andfome to 
be recfaymed from ill conditions) and by thefe 
Gentlemen I haue been ouer-powred(defiring that 
my knowledge might not be buried with mee) to 
thruft out my labours to publike view. And al- 
though my memory hath efcaped fome fecret, yet 
I am affured the skilfuUeft fhall finde fomething 
herein fet downe, that neither he nor any man hath 
made vfe of, either in making his Hawke of good 
and faire condition, or in reclayming her, or any 
other of their kinde, from any ill condition. And 
thus followeth my direft courfe for the reclay- 
ming,. manning, and making of my fhort- winged 

Chap. VII. 

The manner how I haue vfed the Rammifh3^r^- 
Gofhawke, after I haue taken her from the 
Cage vnto my fift^ vntill fhe hath beene flying. 

T Muft fpeak fomething of the time wherein vfu- 
^ally I make choyfeto hiay my Bammz/h Hawke, 


Hawkes and Hawking. 

about the latter end of Michaelmas terme ; or if I 
can learne that there are more Hawkes comming 
before Chrt/imas^ I will tarry their comming, for 
thofe Hawkes doe not fhew themfelues out of 
the great couerts vntill after Saint lames: And to 
buy one of them in the beginning oi Michaelmas 
terme that hath beene fo long taken, and done fo 
little for her felfe, I like not, but I will hope for a 
more late taken Hawke, which when I haue, I fol- Bow I begin 
low in this manner. I continue her vpon my fift ^^^ ^y 
tenne dayes orafortnight, (vnleffeinalhortertime ^'''^^'' 
I finde her a found Hawke) which I fhall the foo- 
nervnderftand, becaufe I fee howfhe putteth ouer Thismnjlbe 
her meate, how (he doth indue it;, and if there be f^^^ ^^ 
any doubt of her well-doings there fliall hardly a 
mute efcape my fight whofoeuer doth carry her 
for me, for fhe fhall be well afTured to find no 
other perch then the fift, from that time I rife vn- Thus you 
till I goe to bed, when {he fhall goe with me ; and if ^""^^^/^^^^ 
in this time I finde it fit, fhe doth not faile to haue fji^t info 
cafting. I finde no time loft in this courfe,^ for in long a 
this time I will raife my Hawke and giue her-^^^^^"^^ 
flrength, and fhe will be the leffe time after fhe is 
vnhooded before fhee doth flye ; my cafltings that My manner 
I giue, are Thrums, gotten of the Weauer, I get ofcaftmgstn 
them wafhed, but not with Sope, I cut the threads ^(^^g^ 
an inch long or leffe, and I fize them out for a f mall 
cafting, and giue them lofe with her meate ; or o- 
therwife,. I tye vpon the thrids two or foure fmall 
knots, leauing fome thrids open at the end of ei- 
ther knot ; otherwife I giue plumage and fome fmall 

C bones, 

lo Bert's Treat if e of 

bones, if the fowle like me, the bones of that part 
of the wing that is vfually broken from the Par- 
tridge. Flannell I could neuer approue of, neither 
TheFeathers did I euer vfe the iukes and feathers of a houfe- 
oftheHoufe- Doue, for they (by reafon of their owne dung 
good, they fit in) are hot and ftrong in fauour. I am care- 

full not to make my caifting too great; I thinke 
there is no man but hath that care if hee but vnder- 
take torfeed a Hawke. When I find my Hawke in 
ftrength of body and ftomacke bettered, I proceed 
-. to peppering, (for I will let nothing efcape me vn- 

ring, fet downe im the whole praftife of my Hawke, vn- 

till I haue made her flying) and although peppe- 
ring be as common with euery man as feeding, yet 
becaufe I haue knowne and heard of many Hawks 
that haue dyedvpon peppering^ when I hadyoun* 
ger experience, I grew very carefuU thereof, and 
I tooke this courfe : Firft, I made my water feeth, 
and then I put thereto a quantity of pepper, and a 
leffe quantity of Stauef-racre pounded fmall ; I put 
in the leffe of both,'becaufe I feeth them in the wa- 
ter, which maketh the water ftrong: When the wa- 
ter had fod a while, I did ftreine it through a fine 
linnen cloth, which Ihould fuffer neither Pepper 
nor Stauef-acre to goe through, and therein I 
would then wafh my Haw4ce. My reafon why I 

why thus ^^^ ^^^ ^'^^ ^^' ^^^ "^^^ ^^ common courfe of 
peppering, is this; The water notftrained through 

a cloth, the Pepper hangeth in the Hawkes fea- 
thers, and when fhe falleth to pruning of her felfe, 
fhee oftentimes getteth it into her beake, and fo it 


Hawkes and Hawking. 1 1 

hangeth either vpon the tongue or in the mouth 
of the Hawke, and fetteth it on fire, the heate and 
diflike whereof maketh many Hawkes to z^^ Especially 
their gorge, and fo their fickneffe encreafing, ^'^y^^f.^^sii 
dye. Befides, I haue come many times to fome found, 
places foure or fine daies, or a weeke after that 
they haue peppered their Hawkes : And I haue 
feene the backe part of their wings red fo long af- 
ter their peppering : There may thereupon grow 
(although not fodainely) an incurable blifter, 
which will lame his Hawke, and her Mailer fhall 
neuer know how it commeth ; but with the rough- ^n office ill 
neffe of the Pepper, and with the ill handling of^^^^''^'^'^- 
them that haue executed that office, I haue many 
timesfeen the skin in that place rubbed off. If any 
man will follow my courfe he may, if not, let this 
warne him of the inconueniences that follow the Auoyde 
other, many Hawkes hauing dyed vpon peppe- ^^^^^ ^''^^^' 
ring, my reafon can finde no other caufe than ^'''''''''• 
what is aforefaid, or eife a great fault in her kee- 
per, that would put his Hawke to fuch a hazard, A fault in 
before he had made her body able and fit for it. ^^^'^ k^^per. 
My place of peppering (hould be in a very 
warme room, although the fire were not very 
great I cared not, my time fliould be in the eue- 
ning, and for my company I cared not how ma- 
ny both men and dogs, the more the better, for The eamefi- 
then the Hawke feeing fo many things, that any f^''^^ ^^<^' 
one of them might give offence alone, there is thin<rs, the " 
now fo much change, men, dogges, fire-light, and leffefhe will 
candle-light, that Ihe looketh at all, and knoweth^^'^''^ ^^y- 

C 2 not 

1 2 Bert's Treatife of 

not which to be afraid of. Befides, ihe hath a de- 
fire to dry her felfe, and fo let her continue vntill 
(he be^lty, and hath picked her felfe, by that time 
I would thinke it time to giue her fome meate» 
& that Ihould be but a little : (he had none aboue 
Let her ham one houre before I beganne to pepper her ; my 
no meate a- hoode is layd afway with no purpofe to handle it 
wum^r t>efore foure and twenty houres were fpent, that 
her night Ihe .neuer went from my fill, but when I 

entreated my friend to eafe me. But note, I fel- 
Sit not Jim dome diddfit ftill with her, but I would walke, and 
in manjiing when I walked, or whether I fat ftill, I would en- 
your awke. ^^^^^^ ^y Hawke not to be idle, but in this man- 
A £ood ^^^ ^^ walke and trauell with me, very often tur- 
meanes to ning my hand gently, forward and backeward, 
man your whereby my Hawke fliould be made, leifurely, to 
remooue her feete one after another, forward and 
backeward. I had rather Ihe fliould gently re- 
mooue a foote, then with anger ftrike a wing, and 
the often remoouing her foote will faue her ma- 
ny a bate. It may be your Hawke (good friend) 
fhall want that attendance that mine hath had 
for a fortnight before, if you faile in the begin- 
Obferueihis. ning, looke for no fuccesfuU ending, it is very like 
you fliall finde it at this time, when fhee will di- 
ftemper and ouer-heate her felfe with bating, 
which my former courfes taken with my Hawke, 
affureth me that I neede feare no fuch thing. To 
proceede, I with my Hawke vpon my fill walke, 
and I entreate her to doe fo likewife, by the gen- 
tle remoouing her feete, which Ihe Ihould praftife 


Hawkes and Hawking. 15 

matter to watch her this night, but it will be al- 
moil vnpoffible to keepe her waking. I haue heard 
of fome that haue watched their Hawkes feauen 
nights and as many dayes^ and ilill (he would be 
wilde, Rammijh, & diforderly. Know (good Rea- 
der) that a little fleepe will fuffice nature in ^ any 
creature, and when a Hawke is vpon the fift, the 
man fpending his time with fitting flill, talking, or 
at Tables, hee may be vertuoufly fpending his 
time in reading the Scripture ; in this time his 
Hawke fits ilill, ihe hath no exerctfe, and there is 
little difference in this, either to be vpon a pearch 
or his fiil : hee may fay, if I ihould fet her vpon 
a pearch, whenfoeuer it were in her fight ihee 
would bate to goe to it ; I aske what is the diffe- 
rence betweene bating to goe to the pearch, or / doe not ai- 
bating to flye from all things elTe } And thus you ^^J/^lf^^ 
(hal neuer haue her awell-manned Hawke. Whaty^/ ^^pon a 
are the difcommodities that follow a Hawke ^\xs pearch, 
manned ? She will endure nothing, becaufe (hee 
hath not beene made acquainted with any thing; 
for when her Mailer or keeper ihould fee her to 
take offence or diilike, hee will auoyde that be- 
caufe ihe ihall not bate : Another- while he cry- All which I 
eth out, come not in the taileuof my Hawke; but '^^^^^^^ 
whofoeuer (hall vndertake the courfe that I haue vfid vnto. 
vfed, he (hall finde his Hawke feldome apt to take 
any offence at all. In a mans much fitting dill in 
the time of manning his Hawke, an eafie appre- 
henfion will finde a great errour, for when the TofitJHlian 
man fitteth dill, the Hawke fitteth.diU, and if (he <^'^'J^^' 


1 6 Bert's Treatife of 

hath been truely watched, although (he doth not 
winke or (hut her eyes, yet her heart may be faft 
keeping ; or if it be in the day, fo long as her kee- 
per iitteth ftill, fhe will be quiet, but let him but 
ftirre and walke, fhe liketh not that, fhe hath fit- 
ten quietly vpon his fift, and fhe is very loath to 
haue that cuftome broken. Euery Auflringer of 
any experience knoweth, that a Hawke thus vfed 
will thus bate. Why is it fo ? Not becaufe her 
eyes meete with that which fitting flill fhee faw 
not, but becaufe now fhe meeteth labour, fhee is 
angry and difcontent, becaufe fhee is not as fhee 
was fitting at eafe. A Hawke before fhe is truely 
manned (that hath been fet & vfed vnto a pearch) 
Be is in an will perpetually bate to be there. I hold it a great 
^nTthd^^^ error to fet her hooded, becaufe fhe fhould not fee 
his Hawke whereon fhe fitteth ; for fure I am this fafhion will 
koodedbefore breed more than a little inconuenience, and yet 
Jhe be well j^^f^by there is no loue gained from his Hawke. 

manned, ^ ^ , 

I haue obferued that it is much walking with 

my Hawke that hath wrought fuch good effeft 

The Authors vfx her; for in my walking and turning, her eye 

objeruation. ^^ ftjn behold change of obiefts, and the ftir- 

ring of her feete doth worke as much or more 

good in her, for that maketh her defirous to fit 

ftill, and defirous of eafe, which bating doth not 

giue, and in the fir& making faueth her many a 

bate. As at my firft beginning I labor to acquaint 

her with whatfoeuer a Hawke may diflike; fo my 

The meanes manner of working this, is by that meanes, which 

/> w^/? «^<rc/^ otherwife fhe would diflike, and that is carriage, 

•^'^- and 

Hawkes and Hawking. 1 7 

and in this beginning to make my fift her pearch, 
vntill ihe be fuch as I would haue her» which this 
night and the next day (hall make her, for this 
night is but the fecond night ; and now my chie- 
feft praftife is the vfing her to the hoode, which 
ihe will as familiarly take as the Faulcon. I will 
ftiew you my manner therein : I Ihew her the 
hoode, put it to and ouer her head many times, 
I finde her fo truely manned, as that ihee will no 
more diflike the (Iroaking therwith, then the bare 
hand, I put it on gently and very leifurely, and 
I could neuer meet with any diflike hereof in my 
Hawke ; I would either put it on with my full 
hand, or elfe holding it by the taffell, whereby Obferuethis. 
you may know that it was lefurely & gently done, 
which wil be a means that (he ihal neuer hereafter 
be coy of it : But if my fine Auftringer will fhew^ 
his dexterity and niniblenefie of the hand, and 
with his finger in her necke thruft h^r head into 
the hoode, if he mifle die right doing it, the next 
time he commeth in £uch a manner, he may per- 
adventure finde her difl:ike, this is the next way 
to make her thinke her head fhall be pulled off ; 
for the putting it on in fuch a quicke manner, or 
thrufting her heade into. the hoode with the finger Auoyde all 
behinde, will make the Hawke vnderftand that xxJ"*'^. ^«^''«'^- 
is no kindneffe, but violence and churlifli vfage, * 
which mufl neuer be oflTered a Hawke, and then 
you fhall perhaps finde her diflike your hand and 
hoode comming to her, and fo being a little coy 
or angry, neuer be content to carry her beake 

D' right. 

1 8 Bert's Treatife of 

right, but tume it in the hoode ; and fo my fine 
quicke hand bobbeth his Hawke, and maketh her 
vtterly diilike the hoode. 
Beware of There is no way but gentlenefle to redeeme a 
hafif hoih Hawke fo bobbed, and therefore I aduife thee 
not to tnaft to the quickneffe of the hand, but ra- 
ther to hold the hoode by the taffell to her head, 
& then to put it on leiforely, with a light carriage. 
•You may fay (he will not fuffer this ; fo thinke I al- 
fo, after (he hath once taken a diflike thereof; but 
I fpake in the beginning how to vfe your hoode, 
fo as (he ftiall neuer with fuch vfage take diflike 
thereof: vfe her as I haue vfed mine, and you (hall 
finde yours as I finde mine ; Admit your Hawke 
(hall tume her head away from the hoode, I 
I could neuer \iXio\f (he will not bate from it, perhaps (he will 
dijiempe7 l^^ewife turne her body by the remoouing one or 
both of her feete ; vpon the putting her head a* 
fide, I would (lill holde my hoode within an inch 
of her head, vntil '(he (houl J twrne her head, and 
then to put it on leifurely; but if (he ftirre her 
body and remooue her feete, then pull backe 
your hand, and by turning your body and your 
fift whereon (he fitteth, fet her right and fit, and 
then holde the hoode gently to her nofe, which 
(he will be willing to put her head into, rather 
then (lirre any more, for (he knoweth there is no 
She will hurt enfueth. I could with ordering of my hawke 
finde no hurt {^^ I haue already fet downe) neuer finde any 
^hooding! ^ Hawke at a worfe paflfe then fo. Well, (he is now 
wel made acquainted with the hood, the morning 


Hawkes and Hawking. 19 

commeth, which I haue faid before, reuiueth all Morning 
her fpirhs, which before were heauie and dull, at ^^ ^emng 
the breake of day getting company and dogges /^ ^,^^ ^ 
with mee, or in the Towne, or rather where I hawkewell 
fhould meete moft paffengers, there would I be ^^«^'^'^«^^- 
walking, hooding my Hawke, and fometimes let 
her feede after her hooding : After one or two 
houres being abroad I would into the houfe a-* 
gaine, where my Hawke ihould fhew her felfe as 
fociable and familiar as a Lanner. I vfe alto- 
gether a lowe pearch, which fet in the middeft, 
or in fuch place of the roome wherein I was> as 
that both men, women, children & dogs fhould 
goe by her, I did not feare although they did ThHrdejire 
wipe their Gownes againft her, I euer found ^-^ ^^f^ ^^^^ 
them fo glad of their eafe. endure all 

Thefecond day, I know my hawke is aswelman* things, and 
ned as I can defire, it may be I will fet her downe ^^^JoM- 
vpon fuch a lowe pearch, and in fuch a place as I them with 
haue forefaide, and I know there fliee would fit, all things. 
not fearing any thing, and not making one bate 
in two or three houres, (if I would let her fit fo 
long, which as yet I muft not) vnleffe hunger 
fhould enforce her to flirre* I make no doubt but HaueSome- 
fhe would be very gentle to take vp, if fhe doe ^^j^S *^ 
not iumpe to the fifl. Now I follow her with-^^y^^^^^^ 
caflingSi and I keepe her vpon my fifl vntill I goe 
to bed, and now I am able to gouerne her, not 
needing any more helpe, and yet I pray thinke, A Hawke 
that I know if fhee be not held and kept in this ^^fi ^^ ^P! 
good perfeftion, fhe will fall againe : But all ^^^^ perfeBion 

D 2 I * 

20 Bert's Treatife of 

I am able to doe, onely with late fitting vp and 
early rifing. I feede her fo as that I know fhe fhall 
call betimes, which I will carefully looke for one 
houre before day ; and when I take her vp I will 
furely pleafe her with fomething, then I fall to my 
olde Trade againe, walking abroad as I did be- 
fore, vfing her hoode as I finde canfe. I neuer 
call her aboue eight or tenne yards, vntill I finde 
that fhee is bolde enough and not fearefuU, and 
that (he be farre in loue with my voyce, which I 
neuer faile to giue her, euen from the beginning 
of her feeding, vntill fhee is flying, and that is 
lowde enough, as if I were to call her thirty or 
forty fcore, although I call her but ten yardes. 
Well, when I begpinne to call her in cranes, al- 
though it be for fofmall a diftance, it (hall be done 
from the hoode, and from the fift of another man, 
in manner as your long-winged Hawke is lewred : 
and when I call her twice or thrice at a time, be- 
tweene euery calling I put on her hoode, and fo 
ftill I haue her let in from the hood : Who know- 
eth not that a Hawke fet down vpon a ftile, 
blocke, or any other conuenient thing, when fhe 
ftiall with the often feeing the Cranes drawne 
After Jhe is at length, and her keepers accuftomed manner in 
once called calling her, foone learne to know that now fhee 
ZfmjhT fl^all be fed, & will be ready to follow him before 
will not let he Can get twenty yards from her ? But all this is 
him goe fine nottothetruepurpofe. Ihavefeena//iflg^<:rr/^^ 
^^^ ^' foure dayes calling, not fufFer the going from her 

fiue yards, but (he would haue been at his elbow, 


Hawkes and Hawking. 2i 

after (he had beene once fet downe, and yet fhe 
was far enough from the perfe^ion of comming ; 
for it is the voyce that muft not onely in this, but The voyce is 
in greater matters^ worke a good effe6l in my '^^^^'^ 
Hawke. As I am thus calling my hawke in cranes, to your 
it is very certaine (he will foone come to that vn- Hawke, 
derftanding as that (he will bate vpon hearing my 
voyce, before (he be vnhooded, I then (lay my 
voyce vntill (he be quiet ; then I call againe, and 
then (lay my voyce vntill (he be vnhooded : and 
againe, I giue my voyce, not holding out my (id, 
vnleffe I fee her comming : My experience hath 
taught mee to (lay her, and not to let her come 
vntill (he be quieted, becaufe I haue feene long A reafon. 
winged hawkes, (with which profe(rion I haue 
made an end thirty yeares (ince) let into the lewer 
in the time of their bating, when they haue had 
their eye prefently fetled vpon fome other farre 
remote from the lewer, whether they haue pre- 
fently gone, and then not come to the know- 
ledge, could not finde the lewer, and lb haue 
beene lod. I fpend two, three, and often foure 
times of the day thus in calling tny Hawke, then I call my 
for the day, for the mod part my fid is her pearch, ^^'^^ 
and if I fet her downe, it (hall be euer vpon a lowe 
pearch, where all forts of people and dogs (hall How I he- 
trauell by her, and where. (he (hall fee the fire dir-A«'^ f*^ 
red and blowen, and wood brought thereto, and ^^ 
diuers other fuch like obte6ls : She will not for 
any, or all of thefe make a bate. In this manner 
I haue trained my hawke, that when (hee hath 

D 3 beene 

22 Bert's Treatife of 

 __.!_ I ■[[■■■■II.. ■■__■_ , ' - 

beene a flyer. I duril fet her downe vpon a Vel- 
uet ftoole, in a cleanely kept dyning-Chamber 
or Parlour, as the place was whereunto I went, 
for I would haue my Hawke as much in my 
eye as could be ; perhaps I fhould fee the Lady 
or Miftreffe of the houfe looke difcontentedly 
hereat, fo well haue I beene acquainted with my 
Hawkes good difpofition, that I haue promifed 
Anger and if my Hawke fhould make a mute in the roome, 
vnqmetnes ts \ would licke it vp with my tongue ; for well I 
many mutes, ^new no angry mute flaould come from her, 
otherwife flie would not mute; And I knew 
well (vnleffe I were negligent, which I would 
neuer be) that fhe would not ftirre vntill hunger 
did prouoke it : This for the day. 

In the euening when I had called andfupped 
her, then I would no more let her part from my 
fifl, but continue her vntill I fed my felfe, it may 
be if I had fuch meanes fhe fhould be vpon the 
fifl for that feafon alfo, and fo vntill I went to 
bed, (which the loue to my Hawke would not 
haue me haflen.) In the morning before day I 
would affuredly haue her vpon my fifl, and fol- 
low her in fuch manner as I haue formerly done. 
There cannot \k{\v^\vi^ that I could neuer be too freqijent with 
be too much ^^y hawke, nor fhe with me. My inducements to 
betweene the cst^^y her thus in the euening, and nighty would 
man and make her loue me as her perch, and by my taking 
Hawke, j^gj. ^p £^ early in the morning, I would perfwade 

her that there had beene her pearch all night : But 
whether my hawke will haue this lowing appre- 


Hawkes and Hawking. 23 

henfion, or no, I know not, yet I am aiTured it 
worketh this benefit, that fhe will indure as much 
or more than any other hawke not fo delt with ; 
And it is this that maketh her fo willing to fit ftill 
and take her eafe, and not take offence, although 
there fliould fly about the houfe fire, diflies, tren- 
chers, and any thing elfe that would mad other 
hawkes, they fliall not mooue her. Me thinkes I 
heare fome man fay, I haue taken a very painefuU 
courfe in making my hawke. I aske who will not 
fall one day to be affured that hee fhall feel no A gueftion. 
want fo long as hee liueth ? Worke but out your 
taske in this fafhion, and you ihall during your 
hawkes life finde none but playing-dayes. Let Afweet 
me not omit any thing in my proceedings; As iorJaHsfaSiion. 
the hoode, I neuer in the houfe let her fit hooded 
at all, and when fhe is a flying hawke, neuer 
vnhooded in the field. Bee not negligent to- 
wards your Hawke at no time, but efpecially 
whileft fhe is in manning, if you be, fhee will . 
pay you for it in her flying. I am afraid to 
be tedious, and I cannot more briefly deliuer 
my praftife and my experience, I would glad- 
ly walke plainly, and giue unto euery man full 

I fhould have forgotten one fpeciall benefit By tkefe 
that is gained by your three nights painefuU fol- ^V^^l^^^ 
lowing your Hawke, that is, fhe fhall not at all km from the 
weaken her felfe with many bates; alfo her.fami- Cage^Jhe 
liarity will be fuch, as that you may thereby bet- j:'^^^^^^^ 
ter her dyet in her calling, and of a poore Hawke twenty dayes. 


24 Bert's Treatife of 

from the cage, make her ftrong and full of flefh, 

the contrary no doubt followeth thofe Hawkes 

that are by fits dealt withal ; one while carefully 

watched and manned, and to another time neg- 

Thefrtdtsof\t,6i^y and then their dyet Ihortned to make 

negligence. ^^^Ci Conformable at a keeper without forme. 

Hence proceed the marring of many hawkes, that 

when they Ihould be entered and flye, they are 

fo weake, as they are not able to fhew what they 

would doe if they had ftrength. If this be not 

motiue enough to make you haue a care of your 

hawkes decaying ftrength, and her falling of 

If you will flefh, then know that pouerty is the mother and 

h^e your ^urfe of all difeafes : I haue followed aduifing 

well, let her too long, and left the deliuering of my praAife. 

be full of Now to proceede therewith, my hawke is to be 

'^^' called lofe, fhe fliall not be weakened or hanged 

with draging her cranes about eight or nine 

fcore, and my manner is to call her thirty and 

. forty fcore before I put her into a tree, and I vfe 

to call her at all houres in the day, I feare not her 

comming home vnto me; but admit what I haue 

not met with, that fhe falleth off and goeth to a 

tree, it muft be want of a ftomacke that maketh 

her doe fo, or want of weathering, or bathing, 

which I will be fure fhe fhall not want, neither do 

I thinke fhe fhould want a ftomacke, which if fhe 

Patience is fhould want, that want will make her fit quietly, 

an excellent ^^^ j j^^^^ rather attend her pleafure with pati- 

vertuetnan . i_ t • r t mi h 

Auftnnger. ence now, then when I am m Iport. I will tell you 
fomething touching, this point: when I am 


Hawkes and Hawking. 25 


trauelled with my flying hawke, that is as louing 
as fociable & conformable to my will in all compa- 
nies and times as I can defire ; yet, I do beare her 
bare-fac'd for the moft part all my iourney, and 
when I perceiue Ihe groweth hungry, then I put 
on her hoode, and if there be no prefent hope of a 
flight, I fet her vpon the fill of one that knoweth 
what doth thereunto belong, then I pray him to 
ride hind-moft of the company, and I put my 
felfe formoft ; then I call my hawke, when her / call my 
hoode being pulled ofi", ftie commeth by all the ^^'^^^ ^j- 
company merrily to the fift ; Vfe maketh perfeft- /^^, ^ ^ 
neffe, thus I vfe my hawke, and flie neuer receiues 
meate from me, but I call her. It may be you will 
be aduifed hereby to doe the like, if you once 
finde the benefite thereof, you will hold the grea- 
teft paine in effecting it, fweet contentment and Faifie is re- 
pleafure : But to my hawke which doth not fo, '^^YdedwHh 
(but granted flie ftiould do fo) make me waite her 
pleafure ; I am not hafly to call her vntill fliee 
hath taken her pleafure : which with my obferua- 
tion, I will foone difceme, and then when I call 
her, I know flie will foone pleafe me, and fo con- 
clude, we are both pleafed : but if fuch an accident 
ftiould befall me three or foure nights before I 
went to flye her, I would now not faile but fliew 
her a Partridge the next night, if I could get a Youjliall 
hand Partridge it would pleafe me, if not, I would >w^ ^ fy«>'' 
not be at all ferry; but fuch a chance hath ^^'^r^here 
dome befallen me, & therfore to hold on with my 
true proceeding : when I haue my hawke perfeftly 

E comming. 

26 Bert's Treatife of 

comming, ftrong and in all points £t to flye, the 

night before I (hew her a Partridge, at Sunne-fet, 

I fet her downe vpon fome ftile, gate, or raile, and 

walkefrom her; I would chufe a place where there 

fhould be many high trees, I would not giue her 

my voyce vntiU (he went to a tree, but I would 

keepe my felfe with my company twenty-fcore 

from her, vnleffe I fhould haue one, whofe eye 

fhould attend her remoue, left fhee fhould goe 

from me another way, whereby I fhould know the 

better what i had to doe : when fhe doth remoue 

and iet vp and downe, then I giue her my voyce, 

which fhee is glad to heare ; hauing taken her 

downe, I fup her, not putting her vp any more, 

This my rea- my reafon for this oouife, fo taken, is this ; when 

Jon for my my hawke is in a tree, that hath beene long kept 

'^^^ and man'd by me, and a longer time bene kept in 

bondage before fhe came to me, now flie begin- 

neth to know her felfe, and thinke of what fhee 

hath formerly done for her felfe, fhe would get her 

A Hawke fupper, and it is fo late that fhee feeth nothing 

may befotted whereon to prey, and therefore when fhe fhall fee 

ling c^^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^ight, what is in her power to command ; 

drawing af- you fhall not need to bid her goe, but fhee will 

ter a man. gjy^ yQy caufe of ioy, to fee with what metall and 

fpiritihe flieth. No Partridge in the world can flie 

from a good fhort-winged hawke, and the Pur 

When you in her fpringing will make any hawke file therto, 

enter your jf (j^^ haue been rightly ordered, and in flrength. 

Bawkelooke xi-i- i_i- i^iiT^i. 

Jhe hath all * aduife you once more, be lure your hawke hath 
her rights, all her rights, let her not haue any fmacke of 


Hawkes and Hawking. 27 

wildneffe, nor want either weather or waten It is 
to be vnderilood, that I haue ihewed my hawke 
water within two or three dayes after (he hath 
beene peppered,, but it (hould be at a brooke, or 
fome other grauelly place, fit for that purpofe, 
holding my fift to the water, and the end of my 
lines in my right hand, if ihe did not bathe at my 
firft or fecond day Ihewing her water, but refu- 
fed, it fhould be that (he had no defire to bathe, 
and that when fhe refufed fo to doe, wildneffe or 
Rammifhneffe fhouki not be the caufe thereof : Let her not 
if ftie did iumpe to the water, I would haue fome- ^^^^ toflye 
thing in my fift ready to fbew her, when fhe made*^^-^/^.' 
Ihew of comming from the water ; which fhould though you 
make her euer after, when fheie had done^ looke ^^^^^^"S 
for the fift, where flie fhould dry, prune, and oy^^jhl will doe. 
her felfe, and as yet fhe neuer had other pearch to 
weather vpon then myfifl, neither fhal ihe vntil fhe 
be a true flying hawke. Now for the place where 
I would firft ftiew her a Partridge, it fliould be in 
a champion, where Partridges will affuredly flye iTu place to 
to a hedge j then my hawke muft needs take ftand ^^^^^^^ 
vpon a bufh in the hedge, for it is great oddes champion, 
that fhe fhall not haue it in the foote, & although 
fhe be farre behinde it, yet fhe will affuredly goe Hereof lean- 
to the place, becaufe the loue of the Partridge in- notniakeany 
viteth it, & it is ods, that neerer then that fhe ^^r^j ;)^. 
fhall haue no place fit to goe vnto ; Well at the uer knew it 
retroue, there is no doubt but fhee will haue it ; '"^^^S^- 
but lay that my hawke eitlier hath it in the foote, 
or otberwife^ that fhe was fo neere it that fhe hath 

E 2 with 

28 Bert's Treatife of 

withflriking at it, in thefallbeateitcleane through 

the hedge, and there my Hawke fitteth vpon the 

ground, it can prooue no worfe; if fhe haue it in 

the foote we are all well pleafed. If fhe fit vpon 

the ground I ftay both men and dogs, for it may 

be it is not flicked. A Hawke that hath thus Ihew- 

A Hawke ed her mettle will not fit long fo, but vp unto a 

*^h^ ^*^i ^^^^ ' ^^^^ ^ "^^ ^^ quietly, if the Partridge be 

is not Co dull ^^ere, it is very lucky, if not, I hold it no ill lucke 

as to Jli long to haue fofeopeffuU a young Hawke; but I goe 

vpon the prefently about to pleafe her, hauing a browne 

Chicken in my bagge, the necke I pull in funder, 

but breake no skinne, and tyed to my Lewers or 

Cranes, holding the end in my hand, I throw it 

out fluttering, and 4:hereupon pleafe her as well 

Apreuention as if flie had killed a Partridge : I doe not tye it 

^^'^' ' to my Lewers, as fearing her dragging, or offring 

to carry it, out of a wilde, Rammifti, or any other 

VJe the fame iU difpofition ; for I haue before this tyed a dead 

courje, Foule to my Cranes, and throwne it out vnto her, 

amongft men, dogs, and Horfes, walking about 

her, and thereon I let her take all her pleafure, 

but by little bits of warme meate I fup her from 

my hand, letting her wholly fee all that I doe, 

vntill I fee her ready to forfake the quarrie to 

catch my hand, then I deliuer vp more couertly, 

vntill I haue her iumpe to my fifl:, where with 

plumage or tyring I end her fupper. You ftiall 

ExpeSi a bet-\^tx^ltx fiude a better benefit to many purpo- 

ter benefit, fgs by your dealing with your Hawke thus. Thus 

I reward my H awke vpon her Partridge, and the 


Hawkes and Hawking. 29 

commodities thereof exceed their vnderilanding 
that haue not made vfe thereof. 

As I haue tolde you that I would choofe a 
champion-Countrey wherein to enter my hawke, 
yet it fhould be fo as that there fhould be fome 
fmall hedges : And I haue alwayes this confide- 
ration that I will well know, that whither I ride 
there (hould haue beene no ftore of hawking and 
then I know they can flye no better then a hand 
Partridge, and they will flye worfe at that feafon Choofe fuck 
then fome Partridges doe that haue beene well ^^^^^p^ 
flowne too, three weekes before Michaelmas. I flyers. 
haue ridden out of Effex into Sujfex, vnto the 
Eaft part of the Downes there, to enter my 
Hawkes ; Where I haue not failed to doe it, to 
the great woonder of the worthy Knights and 
Gentlemen in thofe parts, and fome (right Wor- 
fhipfull) in the Weft parts of thofe Downes can 
witneiTe, that in their company I haue killed for 
the moft part of a moneth together with an enter- 
mured Gojkawke^ eight, nine, and tenne Partridges 
in a day. The day of my going thither, and the 
day of my returne to London^ was iuft fine weeks, 
and it was a fortnight or more in Michaelmas 
terme when I came backe. I killed in that time 
with that one Hawke foure-fcore and odde Par- A note of a 
tridges, fine Pheafants, feauen Rayles, and foure ^^^S^^^^^^- 
Hares againft my will. This is not vntrue, for I 
will prefent that much honoured Knight with 
one of my Bookes, who faw all this done : And 
euery man may know that we loft fome time with 

E 3 fogges 

30 Bert's Treatife of 

fogges and raigne, and my going and comming 
fpent foure dayes, 

I haue in the Eaft part Ihowne fuch Hawkes, 
as there was neuer feene the like there, and all 
of . them made in this manner, as I haue deliue- 
red. If they had fallen in Fearne, or among 
fome fmall fhrubbed Furzes, I would when I 
came in but hold vp my hand, and ihe would 
prefently be there ; or if any man elfe got in be- 
fore me,, if he did not hold out his fift, fhe would 
A fweet hght vpon his head. Is not this a £weet comfort, 
comfort f^j. f^ jj^^i^ p^jj^^g p j^ y^yj. Hawke be followed 

with flying as I vfe mine, you fhall haue no caufe 
to complaine of the ftiort- winged Hawke, that if 
they fit ftill but one houre they are prefently 
wilde, and caret not for their keeper ; you ihall ra- 
ther haue a care to-giue her eafe, fetting her ftill 
(as I haue vfed mine) vpon a low pearch, and in 
the greateft affembly, neuer hooded in the houfe ; 
and fo when flie is to weather abroad vnhooded, 
vpon a lowe pearch, neuer putting her in a cor- 
ner to take weather and eafe in, for neither all nor 
none of my Hawks will be difeafed, except of pur- 
pofe foule play be offered, which I hope I fhall ne- 
uer meet with. If it hath rayned,then you fhall be 
The vjing <2/*enforced to fet her high, for if fhe bate to come to 
her to a little y^^ either when yow come to take her vp or o- 

fuecite us /he 

doth Jit vpon therwife, fhe fhall wet her wings> fb as fhe fhall 
the pearch haue more neede to weather, then when fhe was 

Tomi^iXd ^"^ ^^^- ^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^ ^^ remember I will omit 
lookefor it nothing of my praftife. The manner of giuing 


Hawkes and Hawking. 31 

my cafting ivas ouer-hand without any meate My manner 
when I went to bed, although fhe had much meate ^f^^^^s 
aboue, it did not hurt : Calling thus giuen could 
not hinder the putting ouer her meate, nor ihould 
lye in her pannell with her meate, but after the 
meate is gone then commeth the calling that ma- 
keth cleane, and carryeth away what is left ; Thus 
I doe before Ihe is flying, but after Ihe is flying 
flie will vpon euery flight take fome plumage, and Sheproui- 
therefore with the bones and feathers of a Par- ^^^^^^ff 
tridge winge I conclude her fuppen I neuer faile 
giuing her callings, for I can finde the perfeft or 
imperfeft ellate of my Hawke no better then by 
the knowledge of her callings : And I thinke it 
will giue the bell inllru6lions to a young begin- a helpefor 
ner, euen to know the times of feeding his hawke, ^ yf^^S ^^' 
and fo by his diligent obferuation come to better^ '^'''^^'^' 
vnderllanding ; I thinke callings are as naturall 
as meate : For mine owne part, from the begin- 
ning of Hawking, vntill aSter MuAae/ptas, i haue 
giuen two callings, and reoeiued two euery day 
from my Hawke, and fometimes three. 

I mull explaine my felfe thus ; When I haue An explana- 
early in the morning: killed a Partridge, and giuen *^^ ^^// 

o ' o nuzy not be 

my Hawke the head in her foote, which I fudden* mif-under- 
ly get againe, for if I Ihould giue herieaue to ed^Jiood. 
all the heads, I muH not flye fo often as I doe, 
but fo foone as Ihe hath the head, I quickly pull 
out the heart, and breake off the winge, and then 
holding the heart to her, and bruilingit betweene 
my finger and thumbe, flie receiueth it at three or 


32 Bert s Treatife of 

foure bits, I continuing my hand ilill in his place, 
and then cunningly I take vp the head, letting 
her iumpe to my fift, where fhe fhall plume vpon 
the wing, vntill I haue bitten the skull from the 
braines, that fhe may haue them without bones. 
But it hath thus fallen out, when I haue fo early 
flowne my hawke, that ihe hath eaten the head, 
which I haue beene willing to let her doe, and I 
haue giuen the heart withall, becaufe there were 
An obferuor other hawkes to flye, and no great ftore of Par- 
tton. tridges ; by which meanes it would be long be- 

fore my turne would be to flye againe, and it 
hath fo prooued that I haue not flowne at all ; but 
ryding homeward, for fuch is my manner, euer 
to call my hawke, I fet her loofe vpon a pair of 
barres, going from her, preparing meate for her 
dinner, when I had walked about fifty or three- 
About tenne fcore paces, I gaue her my voyce, flie made no re- 
ofthe docke fpeft of it, that vfually vpon my firfl: call, would 
Hawke, '^"^ ^^ ^^ ^y Glb<>we ; I ftayed and maruelled, and be- 
caufe the day was glorious, and the time dange- 
rous to tempt a hawke to play the wanton, I went 
backe (I mull confefle) in fome feare, giuing the 
fairefl: words I could to flay her, lefl; fliee fliould 
remooue ; good hawke flie had no fuch thought, 
but when I came neere her, fhe gaue mee a fmall 
cafting that flie had taken in the morning, and 
then I gaue her another, which fliee repayde at 
three of the clocke in the afternoone. 

I haue many times (and lately) feene olde and 
fuch as went for moft expert Auftringers,. when 


Hawkes and Hawking. 33 

we haue had a hawking loumey, beene afraide to This hath 

haue any thing ftirre in their Chamber, for hin- ^^ '? *^ 

dring their hawkes from cafting, and to keepe the hiking, 

curtaines drawne before the windowe, not fuffe- 

ring the leaft light to appeare fo neere as they 

can, for that would be another hindrance to their Fall not into 

caftin&f, all this while they lye in bed and ffiue ^^^y^^' 

aime, and when they are vp they are driuen to 

feeke darke corners, wherein to fet their hawkes 

vntill they call, when it were more fit they were 

in the field to flye. 

I dare not reprooue, I know they know their 
owne errours. I was neuer yet inforced to flay 
for my hawkes cailing^ neither doe you make any 
doubt, if you will follow your hawke with that 
familiarity as I have followed mine, either inithe 
field, or in the houfe, carryed bare-faced in either ifJhebewUd 
places, (he will call, or in any of them, to pull off ^^•^ff''^" 
her hoode when flie offereth to caft. Not long af- p^ake her 
ter my hawke hath caft I vfually giue her a little /»^ it <^*^r 
meate ; There is nothing but fickneffe, (a barre ^^^*^^* 
againft all good perfeftions) or wildenes, or ram- 
miftines which maketh her ftare and looke about 
her, which makes her afraid to performe thofe du- 
ties, which otherwife fhe would do : The hawks no 
better manned then fo, are many other ways more 
defeiftiue and diforderly then fo- Thus much for 
ordering my hawke with caftings for her dyet 

I haue flowne a hawke all one feafon, and ne- My manner 
uer fed but vpon the beft meate I could, Ihe neuer of feeding, 
tafted Beefe, neither was her feathered meate (but what ifeede. 

F very 

34 Bert's Treatife of 

very fddome colde ; and to helpe her better, a 
night did hardly efcape me but I thrufl out the 
marrow of the wings of either Ducke, Pheafant, 
Partridge, Doue, Rooke, or fuch like, breaking 
the bone off at either end, and fo with a feather 
the end cut off, driue it whole without breaking 
into a difh of faire water, fetting my hawke loofe 
This will vpon the Table, I would giue it her betweene 
keepeyour my thumbe and finger, which fhe would much 
^^^^^^''"^defire, & very much ioy in, & would expedl fuch 
kindneffe at my hands. The better the meate is the 
leffe will ferue ; your praftife will foone tell you 
The diffe- that there is difference betweene the wing of an 
renceofmeat oJde Doue, and the wing of a young Pigeon, and 
fpeBed, ^^ ^^ much is the difference betweene the wings of a 
Doue flying abroad for his foode, and the Doue 
long kept in a mewe for prouifiion ; although you 
fhall finde the one leane, yet you fhall finde it ten- 
der and moyfl ; and the Doue in the mewe, al- 
though it be extreamely full of flefh, and with 
his eafe and good feed layd with fat vpon the 
necke, and vnder the wing, yet this pulled in 
peeces you fhall 'finde it hard and extreamely 

Now you vnderfland how I made my hawke 
flying to the field, and if you will now fuppofe 
her to be truely flying, and that fhe will tend vp- 
on the Dogs for a retroue ; for nature will quick- 
ly teach her to know what good feruice the Spa- 
niell doth her : Say by fome ill accident I miffe a 
flighty the Partridge may be runne into a Cony 


Hawkes and Hawking- 35 

hole ; it is in Kent a fafe and common refcue : or Naiun tea- 
the hawke may ilrike at it in the fall, and fo the ^^\^ 
Partridge flicke. In Svjfex I haue feene two flights y;,^ hcf^ufi 
in one after-noone loft, the Partridge would fall hy any 
vpon the hedges which were a rod broad in fome ^^^*^' 
place, very thicke, and neuer come to the ground ; 
If (I fay) one of thefe or other fuch like accident 
ihould befall me, otherwife I held it a very hard 
matter to mijGfe a flight, and although I know (if I 
would let my hawke alone, and beate to feme her 
with one other Partridge) that flie would tend 
vpon the Dogs, and fo kill it 

I dare do no fuch thing, for I know if I fliould Worthy to be 
vfe her much to that, ftie would fall better in loue «'^^^^^^^^^' 
with my Dogges then with me, for they anfwere 
her attendance with fpringing a Partridge vnto 
her, and after a few times fo ferued, although for 
want of Partridges they cannot doe it, yet (he will 
expert it with fuch defire, as that flie will negleft 
my calling her, and fo in the end prooue an ill Letyourcare 
commer, and then want no ill conditions ; there -^'T^^^y^'^^' 
is no readier way to teach her to catch a Henne ; 
one fault begetteth another: If ftie fliould in this 
following the Dogs light vpon an Hen, get fome 
in your company to runne and catch her by the 
legs, letting the Henne goe, if you haue none in 
your company that can doe it handfomely, doe it 
your felfe ; in fuch manner, and then fetting her 
downe vpon fome conuenient place, call her and 
giue her fome meate and plumage, and fo flie will 
be well reconciled^ and not at all the mere vnfit Make a re- 

p 2 to ^<^^^^^^^^' 

36 Bert's Treatife of 

to flye againe. Now I haue my hawke at this pafie 
/ hawke to I define to goe to the couert, if the couert be large 
the Couert. j p^^ ^p j^y hawke, not making queftion but fhe 

will draw after the Dogs, although I fhould ftand 
ftill,(the field hath taught her that ;) If I ferue her 
not in a quarter or halfe an houre, I take her to 
my fift, and giue her fomething, and then I put 
her vp againe, and this bettereth my hawkes con- 
ditions : But if I fhould with a vaine hope let her 
ThelMwJu (^iij drawe, and not ferue her, I feare very hunger 
blafne, will make her looke out to faue her life. The 
hawke is not herein to be blamed, for extreame 
hunger will make her keeper forget himfelfe. I 
pray you note hereby, and by what I haue for- 
merly faid, that your voyce, be it high or lowe, 
neither your aftion in the couert, is that fhe loo- 
keth for, for fhe will giue diligent attendance 
vnto the Dogs. 

I f I fpring a Phefant, I cannot in the couert haue 
my Dogs at that commaund that I haue them in 

Uu Md ^^ ^^^^* ^^^ "^^ make aH the haft I can after my 

hath taught hawke, I might miffe of the quick finding her, if by 

her better, my dogs quefling I were not drawne where fhe is ; 

' it is ten to one fhe will not hunt for it vpon the 

ground, if fhe fhould it will teach her wit ; but it 

is more likely that fhe will, if the couert with 

Broome or Furzes be not thicke in the bottome 

but that fhe may fee it, fhe will as it runneth tend 

it, flying ouer it from tree to tree, and when the 

Dogs doth fpring it, fhe is fo ouer it, as that it will 

neuer rife to goe to a high pearch, if it fhould the 


Hawkes and Hawking. 37 

hawke would haue it before it come tkere, and Ihauefeene 
then falling amongft the Dogs they iliiue who ^^^^^^^f 
IS molt worthy : All this is quickely done, and be- 2?^^^. 
fore the Faulconer can get in to them ; it may be 
you fhall finde your hawke to enioy it, if it be 
with fome contention adl the better for my 
hawke, for it will forbid her not to be too hot of 
a Pheafant vpon the ground, and you (hall with 
your pradlife finde the profit of it as I haue done; 
for in the killing of more Pheafants than I will 
name, and I thinke in feauen yeares hawking to 
the Couert, I neuer had caufe to cry, Here ret: 
For if my hawke hath it not in the foote the firft 
flight, when I know my Dogs will not meddle 
with it, then I Ihall before I can get to^them affu- 
redly here a baye, and my hawke ouer the head 
of it, when hauing been well flowne, the feare of 
the hawke maketh the Pheafant fit fall: An Eyas 
hawke would be hotter, and it may be ftrike at it, 
and miffe it, and fo ftrike her felfe vnder the Phe- Thus may a 
fant, and then if the Pheafant goeth out vpon that ^^^^^,, 
aduantage, it is loft without great lucke. Your pheafant. 
Rammiih hawke will not often lofe a Pheafant 
thus, flie partly forbeareth, becaufe the Dogs are 
fo hotly baying,.and it may be flie hath met with 
fome rough dealing amongft them before, but Which I 
ftie will fo tend it as that flie will challenge it for ^^f^^ 
her mafter : And I haue euer had fuch fuccefle thefirH 
with fuch hawkes, as what with their true ^yingflying- 
and diligent attendance at the retroue, I fliould 
feldome finde the Pheafant but i6;high. as that I 

F 3 might 

38 Bert's Treatifeof 

might take it downe with my hand, or elfe ihake 
it downe in my armes ; which done, I would goe 
to a conuenient place, whether my hawke would 
diligently wayte vpon me, and there holding it 
by the l^s, I ihould foone haue my hawke vpon 
the body, but I would cleanely put her to the 
head, couering the body with my Hat or Gloue, 
I would not ilicke to pleafe her well : Notwith- 
Handing, fome mens opinions are, that if they be 
well rewarded, and kindely pleafed vpon a Phea- 
fant, they will forbeare the true ftiuing Partridge: 
I know not whether my difcretion hath fo pre- 
uailed with my hawkes, or their own good difpo- 
fitions haue wrought fuch vnderftanding in 
them ; but affuredly I neuer had hawke that I 
haue had the handling of from the beginning, 
Lorn a Par- but they haue loued a Partridge much better 
fridge better then the Pheafant. 1 

>S "^ ^^^"^ ^^ "^^y ^ ^ wonder to^fome why I define not | 

to haue my hawke take a Pheafant from the 
pearch, and further wondred at, why I fhould 
allowe of fome contention betweene my hawke 
and Dogs. I vnderftand that generally all dogges 
are hotter in the couert then in the field, and I 
may meete with dogs, that if fhe fhould not be 
coye of them, they would endanger her life, efpe- 
cially if fhe fhould catch a Hare, and fo might my 
owne dogs doe againfl their will. I haue feene a 
Pheafant when the hawke hath come to flrike at 
him at the pearch, chop to another bough with 
fuch skill, as that hee hath gotten a long bough 





Hawkes ancf Hawking. 







betweene him and the hawke, and with his cun* 
ning remoues beate the hawke out of breath, and 
in all this conflict would ilriue to get aboue the 
hawke ; and when he hath had this aduantage, 
goe proudly away, and leaue the hawke out of 
breath, or vnable to follow. 

It may likewife be faid that I am too perempto- 
ry in my opinion, in prefuming my hawke fhal kill 
the firft Partridge : For myopinion to the couert, 
hauing my hawke fo familiarly made, as that in 
the field ihe is wel pleafed with my louing dealing 
with her, and will attend my comming in to her, 
not fearing any thing fo I be by her: fo would I 
haue her in the couert wholly to relye vpon mee, 
and be confident that when I fhall come vnto 
her, fhee fhall haue her defire fatisfied ; fhe will 
fbone vnderfland thus much, with vfing her in 
fuch manner as I haue fore-tolde ; and as for my 
hawke I am mofl confident in her entring her 
felfe, fhe hath no way beene weakened, fhe is fa- Make her 
miliar, flroncf, and able, and I know nature hath ^^^^% ^^ 

11 t 1 % CL n famutar^ or 

taught her to do the belt fhe can. ^ife her 

You haue formerly been told how and whereA^«^'^ <»«<^ 
I would enter my hawke, at Partridges that had xu^ttoill 
not beene flowne at, and in faire flying; I aduife conditions, 
you what to doe, by telling you what I haue 

I was entreated to flye a Gqfhofwke of my neigh- 
bours, that would not kill a Partridge, nor had 
killed one that yeare ; I flew her to the couert, 


40 Bert's Treatife of 

The couert where I fo encouraged my hawke, as that Winter 
htndrethnot (j^g proued a good Partringer. This approoueth 

ing in the ^^^^ ^^ ^V^Z to the Couert doth not hinder a 
field. Hawkes mettle in the field. 

I did know Sir Edward Suliard, a Knight of 

high eilimation in that Art, as well as otherwife, 

for his worthy difpofition, flye a foolifti Gof- 

hawke at Blacke-bird and Thirufh, and he was 

glad when he had gotten her to that perfection, 

to beate it into a hedge or buih : he did it to make 

her know that fhe had a commanding power o- 

uer Fowle, if fhe would put her felfe to it ; Ihe 

proued a very good Hawke. 

Hawkes I know many will fay they haue had Hawkes, 

^i^mtot^ that if they had once feene a Pheafant, that then 

Pheafant they would kill no more Partridges that yeare : It 

will flye no is very like there haue been many fuch ; and as 

l^arfride ^ eonfeffe that, fo I pray you giue mee leeue to 

thinke that the fault was not in them, but in the 

vnskilfulneffe of their Keeper. 

Some men fo foone as their Hawkes giue vp 

a Partridge, doe prefently worke vpon them with 

fcourings, and then pinch them and ihorten their 

How they dyet, by which meanes they are vnable to kill a 

are fade Partridge, or thereby their courag^e is fo taken 

vnable to kill ^ 11 1 -n /v i. 1. 

a Partridge, "om them, that they will not Ihew what they are 
able to doe. 

I would aduife you herein, but all is in the 
praftife and handling; I will tell you my courfe, 
if I meete with fuch a Hawke, and my reafon for 



Hawkes and Hawking. 41 

it, contrary to moft mens opinions. I fet vp my 

reft that in tenne dayes I will flye my Hawke no 

more ; but I ftriue with all the Art I haue, to Reft increa- 

bringf her to as much courage and ftren^h ^sJ^^^,^^^^^^^ 

n 1 1 . t % 1 i. 1 and courage. 

euer ihe had, with good meate, and fome other 
deuices I would praAife vpon her, (wherewith 
you fhall meet amongft my receits, fet forth for 
cures.) I would now haue more care in ma- 
king this Hawke, for it is credite to make of a Herein true 

Buflard a good Hawke. ^nunued 

It is not my meate and dyet I giue her muft 
alone effe6l this in my Hawke, but a diligent 
care ouer her for other wants, as manning, ba- 
thing and weathering, all fpeciall meanes to 
make a hawke ioy in her felfe ; and ihe fhall 
bate as little as I can, for weakning hen 

When I haue brought my Hawke to fuch 
perfeftion, I dare promife to my felfe Ihe (hall 
then doe as well and better than euer fhe did. 
Although I haue beene tedious, and at large fet 
downe my manner of pra6tizing with the fore 
Rammifh Hawke ; yet I doe not thinke there 
is any thing fet downe but fome will be con- 
tent to haue the reading thereof: and let mee 
deliuer this as my laft requeft. 

When you haue made a perfe<3t good A Hawke 
Hawke, let her not be neglefted, but keepe ^^^^^^^^^^ 
her fo ; the keeping is much eafier then the tendance. 
making her fo. 

I affure you in all my proceedings^ from 

G the 

42 Bert's Treaii/e of 

Iwoiher the iirft to the lafl with my Hawke, I neuer 

^m"'fi/'" *°""^ ** painefull, but the comforts I had of 

fellmv. ^ goode conclufion fedde mee with fweete 

contentment and pleafure. It now follow- 
eth ihat I fhew how to reclaime any 
ihort-winged Hawke from 
any euill condition- 



Hawkes and Hawking. 43 



Hawkes and Hawking: 

PFherein theAuJiringer is taught to reelaime 
his Hawke from any iU-condition. 

Chap. I. 
How to make a Hawke hcode well, thai will not a- 
dide the fight of the hcode, 6ut bite at it, and with 
her feetefir^e at thy hand and hoode, bate, 
Jhricie, hang by the heeles, and will itotjiandvp^ 
on thejyii and thisjhall be done within fortie 
eight h^mres, with leffe then fortie bates. 

9 He greateft motiue that fet 

« my thoughts a-worke to 

* finde out a fecret, whereby 

^ a hawke fhould be brought 

B< to like of that which flie 

^ did moft deteflably hate, 

fy was that in my hearing, it 

hath been often and many times faid, by many 

Gentlemen, of which, fome would fay they 

G 2 would 

44 Bert's Treatife of 

would giue forty (hillings, fome would giue fiue 
pounds, and fome other would giue ten pounds 
that their hawke would hoode well 

Many experiments I tryed, wherewith I 
could haue hooded fuch a hawke well, which I 
will not publifh, becaufe they brought as much 
ill to the hawke in fome other kinde, as the wdl- 
hooding ihould profit them. At length I thoght 
of feeding a hawke through the hoode, cutting 
the hole for her beake very wide, it is but the 
marring of a hoode. I would haue the hole fo 
wide, as when I did holde it by the taffell, fhe 
ftiould very eafily (when it was layd vpon the 
meate) feede through it. I would continue fee- 
ding her fo three or foure dayes, neuer offering 
in all that time to put it on. But now that ihee 
was growne familiar with the hoode, all feare 
thereof forgotten, which ftie would fhow by her 
bould feeding therein, and that fhe fhould make 
no fhow of difliking my putting it ouer the 
meate, and my taking tt backe. 

When I found her thus fecurely feeding, and 
her head in the hoode, I would then gently and 
lightly raife my right hand, a very fmall motion 
will ferue, and fo leaue the hood vpon her head; 
Take heed you giue her no diflike by the fodain 
putting it on, and by the too high raifing your 
hand in this your beginning with her ; & haue as 
great a care that fhe be throughly imboldened 
with the hoode, before you offer to put it on : 
with this pra6life, putting on her hood & pulling 



Hawkes and Hawking. 45 

it off, oftentimes in her feeding, you fliall efFe<ft 
her taking the hoode to your defire ; prouided 
alwayes your pra6life be with patience and lei- 
fure : for if you fhall pop it on fodainely, and 
with hafle, you may thereby put her in minde 
that thereby £he tooke her firft offence : You 
cannot wrong her by any other meanes; re- 
member alfo to leaue her with the hoode vpon 
her head when fhe is feeding. 

This I did priuately deliuer to fome of my 
friends, by word of mouth, aboue twenty yeares 
fmce, and fome did carefully follow my direfti- 
on, and did not faile, but brought their hawkes 
to fuch perfe6lion, as when ihee was mod dif- 
contented, with a ftumpe of a Partridge wing he 
would readily hoode her. 

Others, whofe patience could not endure 
the time whileft they were throughly embolde- 
ned with the hoode, and would feede fecurely 
and gently in it, would be offering to put it on ; 
and then what through her feare, and his hafty 
carrying his hand, which encreafed her feare, 
brought her to that paffe, that fhee would not 
feede any more through the hoode, but with 
fuch a cautill feare as that fhee would not be 
hooded, but was then as ill as euer fhe was, and 
fo much worfe, becaufe he had now bobbed her 
with this tricke, whereby fhe might haue beene 

Swolne big with defire to effeft this by fome 
more ready & eafie meanes, which might more 

G 3 fpeedily 

46 Bert's Treatife of 

fpeedily be done^ and truely performed. I had 
an imagination of this courfe, which here I will 
deliuer, by which meanes I brought fiue hawks 
and Tarfels to as good perfe6lion as I could de- 
fire in the time of keeping my houfe and cham- 
ber, being at that time very weake, and all of 
them were as much difordered as hawkes could 
be, and I deliuered them as gently hooding as 
could be defired. After they came vnto mee, 
and that I had bellowed them vpon the fill of 
' one of my people, I kept them vpon the fill, that 
day they came vnto me, and that night they 
were truely watched, after the former manner 
of watching my hawkes, both man and hawke 
to walke, or at the leall the hawke to walke. So 
foone as it was faire and light, I did male them 
vp in a handkercher, (I pray you vnderlland 
thus much, that it is not good Ihee fhould be fed 
before Ihe be maled) making it very clofe about 
the fhoulders and body : I would not male vp 
the tops of her flying feathers, left I Ihould 
thereby marre the web of the feather ; her legs 
they were laid along vnder her traine, but to 
faue her traine from breaking any featiier, be- 
caufe her legs and it muft be tyed together, I 
plaite a large handkercher fixe times double, 
and lay that vpon her legs vnder her traine, by 
which meanes, by binding her vp, you cannot 
bruife or cracke a feather. There is nothing but 
all fafety in this courle. 

My hawke thus maled vp, I lay her vpon 

Hawkes and Hawking. 47 

a cufhion, and carry her vp and down vnder my 
arme ; She is now fall fhe cannot rebell, I offer 
the hood, whereat although fhe ftrike, and ftriue 
to ftirre^ flie cannot : fo foone as fhe is quiet, hol*- 
ding the hoode by the taffell, I gently put it on ; 
(he cannot forbid it: thus I follow her hoo- 
ding and vnhooding ; I lay her vpon a Table, I 
walke by her, I put it on, and pull it off very of- 
ten ; and if I (hall be made acquainted with any 
thing that (he cannot endure, I will then pre- 
fent her with that : Say (he will not abide the 
fire, or not the blowing or ftirring thereof; I 
walke vp and downe before the fire, which (hee 
(hould heare blowne, and fee it (lirred and rat- 
led together, (he canned bate nor hurt her felfe ; 
and when (he (hall patiently lye (till, and finde 
that it doth not hurt her, ihee will be the le(re a- 
fraid therof, & in al this time I lofe nothing about 
my other praftife : It may be (hee is coye and 
fearefull of the dogs, I lay her vpon the ground 
with her cu(hion, where fhe (hall for that time 
haue familiarity enough with them: lying fo, 
walking by her, I ply her with the hoode, and 
fo I continue vntill night : When night commeth 
I vnmale her ; I haue had a hawke thus maled, 
that in a winters day (he hath not made a mute ; 
admit (hee doth mute, it is great oddes (hee 
fhall, (he fouleth none but a few of her fmall 
feathers about her tewell, which are prefently 
wa(hed with a fpunge without any hurt. 


48 Bert's Treatife of 

When (he is now unmaled, and fitteth vpon 
my fift, fhe will take the hoode by Candle-light, 
as well as fhe did when fhe was maled, which it 
may be fhe would do before fhe came vnto me, 
for many hawks will hood by Candle-light that 
will not abide the fight of it in the day. 

But for your better inflrudlion, it mufl be 
with holding it gently to her beake, which fhe 
mufl be as willing to put into the hoode, as you 
are to put it oa. I pray you let your own rea- 
fon guide you thus farre; haftine£Ee to hoode 
her, when fhe would not be hooded, brought 
her to this imperfe<5lion ; therefore keepe you 
as farre from that as may be^ and in this pra<Ffcife 
to doe it with as much leifure as may be. It is 
not to be belieued how the leafl hafly motion 
will put her in minde of what fhe hath formerly 
met with. I watched her this night with the often 
vfing the hoode, and whether I did fit flill or 
walke, I would be fure fhe fhould not be idle ; 
belieue it, all this night fhe wiU take the hoode 
as well as you can defire, but the queflion is for 
the morning : Therefore I would be without 
faile walking abroad in the morning before 
day, and then and there follow my pra<5life, 
when it may be I fliall not finde him contrary 
my defire : As I feede often in the night, fo now 
I faile not, lefl hunger fhould make him flur, if 
he be not coye of the hoode, at or a little before 
the Sun rifeth, if they be carefully handled they 
are for euer made well hooding. I neuer had any 


Hawkes and Hawking. 49 

but one Tarfell, but with the night and day be- 
fore, were made very gentle to the hoode, onely 
that one Tarfell I was driuen to male vp againe 
the fecond day; I muft let none of them all haue 
their full reft that night ; but when they are thus 
made, they muft be followed, for feare they fall 
againe : Be fure to be abroad early in the mor- 
ning, following her with the hoode ; I hope this 
is fenfibly to be effe^led by any man ; But if my 
hawke turne her head from the hoode, I pati- 
ently attend her patience, holding my hoode to 
her head, and with turning my hand fet her 
right and fit to take it ; but if ihe will be wilde Her watch- 
or angry, Ihe cannot vnderftand me. ^^h^\ 

He that will vfe violence with a Horfe alrea- /^^ /yj^/ 
dy diftempered, and with fpurre or chaine adde 
fury to furie, may perhaps at that time be de- 
ceiued of his expectation : So, he that ihall deale 
with a man in the time of his impatience, may An example 
peraduenture at that time want of a reafonable ^^ cofupart- 
hearing ; but giue the man time vntill that hu- 
mor be fpent, and fo thy Horfe, and Hawke, 
and they will all mildely attend thee. 

If your Hawke be diftempered, and you 
know no reafou why, vfe her not other- 
wife but with a louing refpe6l, and aflbone 
as may be make a peaceable loue and reconcile- 
ment betweene you ; there is no indifferent hoo- 
ding to be looked for by this manner of vfing 
her, for fhe muft doe it well in the higheft de- 
gree. Hereof I conclude, and fo I proceede to 

H the 

50 Bert's Treatife of 

the recouery of all other ill conditions. And 
firft for a Hawke that will royle and houfe. 

Chap. II. 

How to bring a Hawke that will royle andfeekefor 
Poultry at a houfe ^ to good perfeSlion andjlaid- 
nejfe^ and how to get that Hawkes loue in whom 
an ill Keeper hath bred fuck carelefnes. 

TF a man (hould deliuer among many Auftrin- 
^gersy (and fuch that would fcorne that any 
man ihould exceede them in knowledge) that 
there were a man that would and could recouer 
a hawke to good perfe<5lion that were plentiful- 
ly furniflied with all faults, and wanted no ill 
condition^ I know they would laugh at him, and 
fay it were a lye, and vnpoffible : But I auouch 
it, and am warranted through my pra<5lifed ex- 
perience, not to bluih or care for what they fay ; 
but this I aduife them that (land affe^led to 
company and good-fellowfhip, to haue care 
how to order their hawkes, for now their ma- 
ilers ihall finde, that diligence will effed: any 
thing, and not vfing carefuU diligence there is 
no good to be gotten at their Hawkes hands. 
But now to make proofe of my Art, and for 
thy inftru6lion (good Friend) you are to note, 
you are to deale with hawkes that haue beene 
ill handled, and not to beginne with them as 
with hawkes from the Cage, for ihe will royle 


Hawkes and Hawking. 51 

and houfe, which at the firfl did come by her 
not comming, and her not comming was want 
of loue to her keeper; for if Ihe had fo loued her 
keeper as that fhe would haue come to him, hee 
had beene out of his wits, if hee would haue let 
her alone to royle, and houfe. 

I cannot otherwife thinke, that hauing this 
fault, but ihe is withall wilde & rammifh, which 
might be a fecond meanes to make her trauell in 
this fort, and therefore your firft courfe muft be 
by watching & manning to make her very gen- 
tle & familiar, and in that time you muft labour 
to get her a good ftomake. It is not fhort meales 
alone breede a hungry defire in your hawke, 
but continuall carriage, caftings, and often and 
cleanely feeding, with cleane and light meate 
drawne through water, but after drye your 
meate, for if the hawke ihall be fat and in greafe 
when Ihe doth come vnto thee, your care muft 
be the more for her dyet ; for if flie want meate 
wherewith to carry away her greafe, the break- 
ing of her greafe will take away her ftomacke, 
and her greafe too faft broken, will not onely 
make her fickely, but truely ficke, and kill her, 
or breed difeafes, fuch as ihee had as good be 
dead : Therefore let her not faft, nor doe not 
ouer-feede, which fault is as dangerous as fa- 
fting ; for with her meate in her mutes Ihee will 
fpend more greafe then Ihe can bring vp with 
her cafling. 

Her greafe gone, and your hawke made gentle, 

H 2 your 


Bert's Treatife of 

will not 
Suffer a 
hawke to 
Jhow her 

your Hawke will quickely (hew a good fto- 
make, let not your hafty defire hinder your 
good conclufion herein. 

When your hawke is come to a good fto* 
make and perfe6l gentlenefle, as I did reclaime 
my fore Rammifh hawke, calling her to the fift 
out of the hoode, from the fift of another man, 
in manner as the long-winged hawke is lewred; 
you muft obferue the fame courfe, onely diffe- 
ring herein, for you muft call her to a catch or 
lewer, and therevnto take her as the long- wing- 
ed hawke is vfed, wherewith thou muft make 
her much in loue with thy fweet and mild v- 
fing her, and in doing thus, it will make her 
loue thee better then euer (he loued houfe : Let 
her pleafe her felfe vpon the catch, offer not to 
meddle with it, but let her freely and peaceably 
inioy it; and when flie is pluming vpon it, 
feede her with bits of good meate from thy 
hand, it wil make her look for that fweetnes not 
only then when fhe is vpon the catch but it will 
likewife make her loue thee when flie is vpon the 
quarry. If thou flialt ply her thus with thy hand, 
it will bring her to fuch paife as flie will readily 
iumpe to your fift from the catch, and the fweet 
and often vfing hereof, will make her leaue the 
quarry in fuch manner, & fo preferue her fethers 
from wetting. At the firft beginning of calling 
her, I hope your vnderftanding will aduife you 
to haue her in cranes, wherewith if fhe would 
checke fhe fhall he preuented, and wherewith 


Hawkes and Hawking. 53 

fhee (hall be flaied if fhee' offer to drag or carry 
the catch ; for the want of loue to her former 
keeper, could not but breed thefe as well as 
other ill conditions : but I hope your gentle 
vfing & manning her, before you did euer Ihew 
Catch or Lewer, hath freed her from thefe, and 
your now kinde dealing with your hawke, fee* 
ding her fo from the hand vpon the catch, will 
giue her fuch contentment, that neuer met with 
fuch content before, as that I am perfwaded 
fhee will be 'made thereby more trudy louing 
vnto thee, then a hawke (hall be made, bought 
from the cage. 

I pray let vs admit that fhee was a good con* 
ditioned hawke once, and would come to the 
fifl very familiarly ; how fhould fhee then lofe 
this, by her keepers negligence, being not often 
or feldome called, and then vpon her comming 
(lightly rewarded, fuppofing if hee (hould giue 
her any meate, it would hinder her well-flying, 
which might fall out to be prefently, but fuch 
reward as would pleafe her, will worke no fuch 
ill effeft ; and now thou hafl her moft readi- 
ly comming to the catch, if thou wik handle her ; 
with no better refpedl, but onely caring how 
for that prefent to get her to your (ift, and there- 
by pleafe your felfe, and not at all her ; (he will 
be weary of it, and fuch vfage, and fall to her 
olde trade ; which being handled as I haue di- 
rected, I would not doubt but to put her vp a- 
mongft hens, when at any houre in the day (he 

H 3 (hould 

54 Bert's Treatife of 

ihould leaue them all for loue of mee, and the 
catch, which asketh no longer time then 
throwing it out; which I would vfe her vnto 
euery houre, if I were not fure of my flight. 

And this I hope will fuffice for this : But if 
you will haue me gprant that which I cannot 
yeelde vnto, that hauing flowne a Partridge to 
a houfe, notwithftanding all thefe kinde courfes 
taken with her, fliee hath caught a Hen, then 
let fome one in the company, that can tell how 
to doe it, make hafte vnto her, taking vp both 
Hawke and Hen, and runne to a ipond or pit 
of water, (there is no dwelling houfe inhabited, 
and where hens are, but you fliall finde fome 
water) and thereinto ouer head and taile wa(h 
them both together three or foure times ; then 
hauing the hawke vpon his fift, let not her kee- 
per Ihew himfelfe vntill he that hath her, hath 
with her lines faftened her calling-cranes vnto 
her ; then I would adoife her keeper to giue her 
his voyce out of her fight, but the hawke to be 
ftill held although ihee doth make a bate to goe 
to him : He is to giue his voyce but once or 
twife, and that is where Ihe feeth him not ; after 
when hee commeth neere her let him giue her 
his voyce cheerefully ; and let her in cranes be let 
goe to him, when he throweth out the catch in 
cranes, left beeing wet, fhee fhould defire to 
flye to a tree to weather and drye her felfe ; her 
cranes forbid it And now you muft not thinke 
ihee hath committed a fault, foir fhee hath done 


Hawkes and Hawking- 55 

pennance for it, and comming to you (he loo- 

keth to be much made of; fatisfie her expedlati- 

on, giuing her all the contentment you may: It 

is not poflible there fhould be a hawke fo ill but 

by this meanes fhe will be recouered. 

. It may be fome young profeffor in this Art is 

poffeil, that if his hawke be very hungry and 

fharpe, fhe will the fooner come vnto him : He 

is herein much deceiued ; for vnlefle (he loueth 

him very well, hunger is the fpeciall meanes that 

draweth her from him» for hunger muft be fa* 

tisfied, and her little loue to him will make her 

the better pleafed with that (he prouideth for 

her felfe, and make her looke out for her owne 

prouifion : But if (he be truely louing him, then 

there is no doubt but (he would come the readi* 

Iyer. Marke then, if this be not the onely maine a fpedaii 

poynt, for an Auftringer to haue his hawke in ^^^ ^^ine 

lo"e with him. ^ZSJlnL 

There be many that will neuer a(fedl my 
doilrine, becaufe my courfe herein fet downe is 
painefuU ; but what is any thing worth that is 
eafily gotten ? but he is deceiued that holdeth it 
paineful, for his hawke once well made, (he will 
not aske halfe the paines or attendance in the 
time of her flying, as other hawkes, that are but 
halfe, for halfe made hawkes muft be followed 
with. Whenfoeuer thou calleft thy hawke giue 
her fome reward vpon the catch, and likewife 
pleafe her vpon the (ift. 

If I may be fo bolde without reprehenfion, 


56 Bert's Treatife of 

for my recreation, to thinke of a more worthy 
delight, I will reft thankful!, I will fpeake of the 
Horfeman and his horfe, the Auftringer and his 
hawke ; alwaies vnderftand that I acknowledge 
the one to exceede the other as much as golde 
exceedeth droffe; but what I intend is this, 
both horfe and hawke are as they are taught 
If a horfe prooue hard-mouthed, a run-away, 
carry an vnfteady head, his necke awry, or his 
body vn-euen ; nay fometimes he may and will 
refufe to turne of the one hand, and fome other 
time diflike fome part of the ground wherein 
he is ridden, and there will flye out, or perhaps 
ftop of his forefeet, without either rucking be- 
hinde, or aduancing before, vntili after his ftop, 
and other fuch vices, can it be faid that that 
horfe hath gotten fuch a fault or faults, other- 
wife then through the vnskilfulnefte of his rider, 
when the true Artift is not onely able to amend 
thefe faults, but in fome parts to amend what 
nature hath made defe^iue ? The hawke is fel- 
dome feene to haue any naturall defe<5l, and 
therefore asketh no fuch Art: Neither doe I 
queftion the ftiapes of horfes and hawkes, for 
in both kindes their (hapes much differ, but 
what I write is for the manner of their making, 
for the ill (hape of either of them cannot excufe 
their ill conditions ; the worft you can fay by 
an hawke for their (hape is^ that Ihee is a long 
flender and beefome tailed hawke. I iay aD fea- 
thers flye, as horfes of feuerall races, are of 


Hawkes and Hawking. 57 

lighter, quicker, or duller difpoiition : So are 
your hawkes out of fome Countrie and eayrie, 
of much more fpirit and mettle then the other ; 
and will aske fhorter or longer time in making ; 
but for their vicious making, therein refteth the 
comparifon. If thy hawke will not come, or 
not abide company, or a flranger in the com- 
pany, perhaps not a woman, a basket, a horfe 
or Cart, or will royle or houfe, or any of thefe 
vices ; can the Auflringer haue a lefle imputa- 
tion layd vpon him, then the ill-ridden horfe 
hath giuen his rider, which is, he was ignorant 
and wanted knowledge ? Alas, fimple Auftrin- 
ger, how (hallow is thy Art in refpedl of Horfe- 
man-fhip ? and fo much the more art thou wor- 
thy of blame : The excellent horfeman will 
make and fhew his horfe without any vice; and 
fo will the exquilite Auflringer fhew his hawke 
without any ill condition : In euery Trade 
wherein a man is mofl exercifed, he is mofl ex- 
cellent ; Then flriue and labour to exceede 
them in fome meafure that haue little skill, for 
the ordinary Handicrafts-man pafTeth by with 
leffe then ordinary or no refpeft, when the skil- 
full is defired and much fought after. Who vn- 
derflandeth not that the loue of one Hawke is 
more readily gotten, then the loue of another, & 
that it is not fo eafie to get the loue of a hawke 
that hath beene dealt with and bobbed, as to 
haue it from a hawke that hath not beene dealt 
with? And therefore in your practice haue 

I patience^ 

58 Bert's Treatife of 

patience, and neuer thinke fhe doth well vntill 
fhee be wholly at your commaund, thy paines 
will be anfwered with pleafure ; worke out the 
weeke, and Sunday will be holy-day. I will now 
proceede and examine what other ill quality a 
hawke may haue* There is an excellent hawke 
will fly and kill a Partridge very well, but fhee 
will carry it from her keeper when he commeth 
in. The remedy. 

Chap. III. 

How toftay that Hawke that hauing killed a Par- 
tridge^ will very vnwillingly fuffer her keeper 
to come vnto her^ but will €arry it. 

ILTE was an vnkinde keeper, and handled his 

^ ^ hawke very ill, fo to get her hatred, from 

Dijlikeof whom but through loue he could not hope to 

her keeper, receiue any good : otherwife hee was very vn- 

or rcLfji- J ^ ' J 

mifhnes. skilfuU, to flye his hawke fo wilde and fo ill man- 
ned ; for one of thefe muft be the caufe, then by 
working the contrary in her, fhee is faultleffe 
and will flye the better : If fhee will come well, 
then it is not meerely out of diflike of her kee- 
per ; and fo much the fooner brought to good 
perfeftion : But it may be partly fo, and part- 
ly wildeneffe and fammifhneffe, and there may 
be a third diflike, which flronglier poffeffes her 
then any of the other, which prefently fhall be 
deliuered vnto you. Before a hawke be truely 


Hawkes and Hawking. 59 

manned and made gentle, fhe will neuer learne 

good, or leaue bad conditions ; for fo long as fhe 

is wilde, ihee is altogether angry, froward, vn- 

ruly, and diforderly, therefore be fure to vfe 

fuch patience and gentleneffe, as that fhe may 

vnderftand thee : then put her in cranes, and fet 

her vpon fome mans fift ; haue a dead doue or 

fome other foule, it mattereth not although 

you ftand not aboue twenty or thirty paces 

from her, giuing your voyce as though you 

would call her, throw the fowle as farre from 

you, as you can, which when (hee hath in her 

foote and doth offer to carry, which the cranes Nowjlie 

forbid, then know, that it is not wildenefTe or S?^!f w 

' , trie cduje of 

rammifhneffe, for before this with carriage xn her fault 
company thou hadefl made her gentle, neither 
can it be that fhe feareth thee, for thou hafl la- 
boured before this to a better purpofe ; if you 
haue not, I haue fet downe my dire6lions in 
vain : If then you haue fo carefully manned 
her, as that fhe neither feares you, nor is in feare 
of any man elfe ; yet it is feare that caufeth this, 
not fearing thee, but fhe feareth the quarry fhall The third 
be taken from her by thee, and fhee would be ^^^^^ ¥^^^^ 

' carrying. 

glad to giue her felfe a better reward therevpon 

then you will alow of, and the fmall rewards 

you haue giuen her, when you haue taken her 

from the quarry hath bred this fault ; but this 

fault fheweth the hawke hath metall and fpirit // is a good 

enough. Well now that fhee is vpon the catch, »^<^ to^ue 

and fo long as fhe flands flill, fearing fhee know i^^ fi^^ 

I 2 not quarry. 

6o Bert's Treatife of 

not what, (land you ftill, not offering to goe nee- 
rer then you are, vntill Ihee fall to be bufily 
pluming, houlding the cranes fail, and continu- 
ally gluing her your voyce : When fhe falls to 
plume, walke gently to her, flill giuing her your 
voyce ; and whereas her feare was the quarry 
fhould be taken from her, let her finde altoge- 
ther the contrary, let her inioy it ; and take this 
courfe, whereby you fhall foone winne her fa- 
uour, that at any other time ihee will not onely 
giue you leaue, but louingly expeft your com- 
ming vnto her, haue in readineffe her fupper or 
breake-fafl, or at any or euery time of the day 
fuch meate as is warm and good, (her tafle is 
very good, although it cannot compare with 
her fight) feede her therewith by little bits out 
of your hand. If fhe look at you for more, for- 
bearing what is in her foote, then doe you for- 
beare to giue any more vntill fhe fall againe to 
plume, then giue her your voyce, and feede her 
fo againe. If you will doe thus, you fhall 
finde her looke as earneflly at your hand for re- 
ward, as a hungry Spaniell will looke for a 
crufl, and fhe will be fo pleafed with your voice, 
as when fhe hath a Partridge in her foote, fhee 
will diligently attend and flay your comming, 
when I thinke hereby you are well taught how 
to vfe her : And now for this fault I may con- 
clude, and inquire what other fault may dif- 
grace a hawke : She will carry it to a tree. 


Hawkes and Hawking. 6i 

Chap. IV. 

To reclaime a Hawke that will carry a Partridge 
into a Tree, 

TT is fo lately fet downe how to ftay a hawke, 
^and make her louingly expeft your com- 
ming vnto her, as it is frefti in memory. Your 
hawke being brought to that pafTe, this fault wil 
foone be left, I haue approoued it : So foone as 
your hawke is gone into the tree, get all the The remedy. 
company to goe vnder her, vfing as fearefuU 
noyfe as they can, Ihewing Hats and Gloues, 
which will foone make her remoue, but it may 
be to an other tree, follow her againe with the 
like noyfe, there is no doubt but it will remoue 
her, if not, they muft vfe fome more violent 
meanes, as ftriking the tree with (licks, or throw- 
ing cudgells vp, (he may peraduenture remoue 
twice or thrice before (he come to the ground, 
but fo foon as (he is come to the ground, wherof 
you (hall not haue fo great caufe of ioy, but (he 
will ioy more to heare your louing voice, which 
I would then haue you freely and familiarly 
giue, when (he will foone vnderftand (he (hall 
enioye what (he hath with fweet content and 

I 3 Chap. 

62 Bert's Treatife of 

Chap. V. 

ForaHawke thatfofooneasjhe hath caught a Par- 
tridgCy will breake and gorge her f elf e vpon it, 

npHe caufe of a griefe knowne, the difeafe is 
^ foone cured; and fo it muft be enquired 
how Ihe came by this foule fault, and then it is 
foone remedied. I cannot vnderftand it fhould 
be any otherwife then thus, at the firft when fhe 
had caught a Partridge, and before you come 
vnto her bad begun ne to feede, and peraduen- 
ture fed fo much as you feared it would hinder 
your whole dayes fport, it could not but moue 

The Caufe, fome paffion in you, which you fhould haue 
diffembled \ but it could not be but with fome 
impatience yOu take her from the quarrie, not 
fuffering her to eate any more, which now at 
the firft fhe did fall vnto by chance ; but now 
fhe hath found the f weet thereof, and the wrong 
you offered her in fo fodaine taking her vp, 
will make her the next time more earneftly and 
with the more hafte to feede, remembering how 
fhe was taken from it before, left fhe now be fo 

The remedy, ferued againe : The beft remedy is this, when 
fhe fhould flye to the next Partridge and kill, if 
you come in vnto her before fhe breake (it may 
be fhe may catch it neere you at the retroue) let 
her alone with it, and feede her with your hand, 
fhe fitting vpon it, as I taught you before : If 


Hawkes and Hawking. 63 

by chaunce fhe happen of a bare place, be not 
difcontented, but plye her with giuing her meat 
from your hand, and let her eate in fuch abun- 
dance vntill (he doth forbeare to eate any more ; In her plu- 
it (hall not be amiflfe when you haue put on her ^^^SP^* 0^ 
lines to pyne her downe at length, and whether 
fhe hath it in a ditch, bu(h, or hedge, neither re- 
ward her, nor any other hawke, vntill you haue 
her in the plaine, and that will make them fo 
foon as they haue a Partridge get out with it into 
the plaine ; then if (he bate vpon any extraordi- 
nary occafion, (he (hall not goe away gorged. 
You muft not now be fparing of your labour, 
for if you fpend three or foure houres in thus 
feeding her, ((he will not be fo long in feeding) 
yet with the Partridge in her foote, whereon al- 
though (he will not feed, (he will be vnwilling to 
part from, let her enioy it, & be often offering her 
meate, and when you (inde that (he is careleflTe 
of the quarry, take her to your (ift ; it may be Afuppofi- 
in your firft entring, you were too fparing in ^^• 
your reward, but howfoeuer (he commeth by 
this, in following this pra6lice but twice or 
thrice, you (hall with kinde handling her in her 
rewards, which (hould be much from the hand, 
you (hall haue her handle a Partridge, as that 
you may at any time take a liue Partridge out 
of her foot, to enter one withall. And thus I con- 
clude for this, vnleflTe you will fay (he hath al- 
moft eaten the Partridge before you come to 
her, I fay let her eate, and feede her ftill with the 


64 Bert's Treatife of 

moft prouocation you can, no doubt it will 
make her very choyce how fhe feedes after Ihee 
hath beene fo ouer-fed, and after fhe hath been 
twice or thrife fo dealt with take leifure. A 
hawke loueth her keeper very well Ihee will 
draw after him and come at his pleafure, fhe will 
in her drawing be flill vpon the head of the 
dogs, but when fhe hath killed it, will carry ve- 
ry fouly. 

Chap. VI. 

How to v/e that Hawke that will carry for feare 
of the dogges. 

T Mufl herein fuppofe that fhee will draw after 
^the dogges, or otherwife after her keeper; but 
fo foone as fhee hath the Partridge, and as foone 
as the dogges come to her, fhe carryeth away 
the quarry ; this can be but to the next hole to 
hide her felfe; but then if the dogges fhall follow 
her thither, and thrufl her out from thence, 
Examine by herein the hawke is not to be blamed but the 
which, it Spaniels, that better deferue a haulter then a 

foone rt T nil 1 n 

amended. crufl. It muft he thought vpon how Ihee came 
to be thus fearefuU of the Spaniels, it could not 
be in the field, becaufe the Faulcknour fhall be 
at the retroue, and then hee is onely to be bla- 
med, that hath not taught his Spaniels better ; 
if by neither of thefe, then this mufl be gotten 
by very foule dogges in the couert, where if the 


Hawkes and Hawking. 65 

Spaniels be but a little hot in their fport, xtMyobferua- 
teacheth the hawke mofe wit then knauery ; for *^- 
as I haue partly faid before, (hee will not be too Not to hunt 
hot vpon the game for feare of them, but will-^-^'*^ ^^^' 
truft to my helpe, and will tend it fo as that fhe tk^ ground. 
will not lofe it, fo that I fhall be fure to haue it 
of my owne catching. I reape this benefit by 
her feare, that fhe will not ftrike at the Pheafant 
vpon the ground ; for if ihee (hould fo doe, it is a difiommo- 
great ods but fo fhee miffeth it, and if it then ^^^y- 
fpringeth, it is more ods, but it is cleane loft ; but 
if fhe tend it, and the doggs, as I haue forefaid, it 
is great ods but it goeth to pearch^ from whence 
it is likely it will neuer flye, but by my hands is 
to be deliuered to her; I doe not as I haue ieene 
fome doe, toffe it vp high, that thereby fhee 
fhall catch it, and fo fall among the dogs, which 
as they fay, doth imbolden her vpon the dogs. Some mens 
it mufl be there fo, becaufe fhe knoweth fhee is opinion, 
not able to carry it from them, but when fhee 
is in the field, and hath a lighter matter in her 
foote, it may then worke a worfe effedl, and ha- 
uing field-room & fight whether to carry it in 
fafety, fhe will remoue. The difcommodities that 
I haue met with in hauing my hawke take a Phe- 
fant from pearch, fome I haue before fet downe, 
in the feauenth chapter, & this is an other; Many 
times fhee hangeth of one fide of the bough, ha- Freuent 
uing fafte holde vpon the Pheafant, and theJ^^J^^j^ 
Pheafant vpon the other : whether your hawke'^^4/'^'^ 
receiueth hurt hereby or no iudge you ; and the any ilL 

K like 

66 Bert's Treatife of 

like mifchiefe muft needs befall, when a Phea- 
fant is toffed high vnto her ; for when Ihe catch- 
eth it fo high, fhe will not fall plumme downe 
therewith, but will a little flriue to Ihew her 
ftrength, and then the Pheafant hitting a bough 
neuer fo little, although the twig be very little, 
if the hawke letteth it not goe, (he muft needs 
hang as before : I defire not to make my hawke 
hot in the couert, my reafons before expreffed 
may fuffice ; but thefe inconueniencies may ad- 
vife other men how to deal in this cafe : But in 
No inconue- my praftife I am fure there is no inconuenience 
ntence. ^y carrying it into a plaine, and there to ferue 
her as I vfed my rammiih hawke ; I am well affu- 
red that thereby I make my Hawke as truely to 
loue mee, as a Hawke can poffibly loue a man ; 
and this benefit thou ihalt finde it worke in thy 
This good Hawke that will carry, it will make her fo to loue 
tnfueth, x}ci&^^ and to affure her felfe in thee, as that if fhee 
doth carry a Partridge for feare of the dogges, 
yet hearing thy voyce fhee will be fo confident 
and fecure in thee, as flie will ftirre no more ; for 
fhe knowes fhe fhall haue her reward with qui- 
etneffe. If your Spaniells will not leaue to fol- 
low her, but be more ready to beat her out of the 
country then otherwife ; if you will not part from 
them, God fend him forrow that loueth it. 


Hawkes and Hawking. 67 

Chap. V I L 

How to vfe a Hawke that will carry a Partridge 
into a tree^ and will not be driuen to the ground^ 
but there will affuredly eate it. 

^TpHere is no Hawke trayned as I haue done 
^ mine, and as I haue taught to vfe yours, will 
fuffer fuch a vice to take hold of her : but I muft 
not ftand vpon, if ihee had beene thus, or thus 
dealt with, this would neuer haue beene, but 
now wee muft feeke to amend it ; and fay fhee 
doth it neither for feare of man nor dog, but out 
of a naturall difpoiition, and accuftomed pra- 
6life, let her be Ihort coped, fo I would aduife 
all fhort-winged hawkes to be vfed, for the fafty An obiec- 
of thy owne hands : It may bee obiefted, how ^^' 
fhall fhee then hold a Pheaiant ? How haue my 
hawkes done that would hardly miffe a Phea- An/were. 
fant, and all of them fhort-coped ? I will now 
deliuer a truth, for the af5firming whereof I am 
willing to take my oath ; I had a Tarfell of a 
Gofhawke, that one after an other, let two Phea- 
fants flip out of his foote ; I was thereat much 
perplexed, I found many of their feathers, but I feared the 
neither of their bodies : ftanding with my hawke-^^^^^ ^^ 
vpon my fift not knowing what to doe, whether 
I fliould flye any more or no, the wood was 
large, but the groath of two or three yeares ; as 
I ftood ftill, a Cocke did fpring very neere mee, 

K 2 my 

68 Bert's Treatife of 

my Hawke did neither fodainely nor earneftly 
bate at him, yet when he did bate I did let him 
flye, when he fhewed he neuer meant to catch 
it, but flew to marke, and I faw him darte vp 
into a fpeare, I made hafle vnto him, and I did 
fpring the Pheafant iuft vnder him, hee turned 
vpon his ftand, and then flew after, not lofing a- 
ny ground of him, but when he plained to fall, 
he caught him by the head, and did hang almofl 
a yard from the ground, I came to him, layd 
him in the piaine, and couered his body, fo hee 
had as much pleafure and as good a reward as I 
could giue him vpon the head and necke : After 
this I affure you in all the time I kept him, & in 
the killing of very many Pheafants, which then 
were very plentifuU, hee neuer made mee a re- 
troue, but would moft affuredly haue him by 
the head at the fall, when the Pheafant would 
His nature lye ftretched out at length and neuer ftirre fea- 
T^.^^ 'jr r then If when I had drawne a couert, a Pheafant 

Jprtnge^ if jo , - . , , . , - 

caught had gone to pearch, hee would come and lit 
neere him, but not in that tree; put him out, he 
would take an order with him, he fliould neuer 
fall more, but when he had him by the head. It 
hath beene faid that hee killed one olde Cocke 
that had beaten an excellent Gofliawke of olde 
Sir Robert Wroths, & Matter Rainefords hawke. 
I could neuer meete with any Pheafant that e- 
uer ferued me fo ; and I deliu^r this vpon heare- 
fay. Now your Hawke is thus coped, take a 
leather in all poynts fafliioned like a bewet, put 


Hawkes and Hawking. 69 

it about her hinder tallent, and then button it TTupraBife- 
to her bewet, whereon her bell hangeth, and it 
will fo holde vp her tallent that fhee cannot at 
all gripe with it, then fhee cannot fit vpon a 
bough, holde a Partridge, and feede. For a plai- 
ner demonftration, make your leather in all 
poynts like your bewet, for the length, that you 
muft make fit to holde vp her tallent in fuch 
place as you fhall fee caufe, I aduife you make it 
not too fhort, left it ihould hinder her truffing 
a Partridge, and fo be difcomfited ; cut a little 
flit in the midft of it, or neerer the button then 
the midft, as you do in the leather wherewith 
you couple your Spaniels, and as you faften 
that about the ring of your couples, fo faften 
that about the tallent of your Hawke, and fo 
faftened, button it about the bewet, as you but- 
ton the couples about the Spaniels necke. Here- 
in you are fatisfied ; let vs now enquire for more 
ill properties. 

Chap. VIII. 

How to reclaime a Hawke that will neither abide 
Horfe-men, Strangers^ CartSy Foote-men or 
Wometij and fuch like. 

T Et it be enquired how Ihe came by this coy- 
-*^neffe, and why ftiee fhould not endure all 
thefe, or any of thefe, as well as other Hawkes : 
There can be nothing faid for it, but that fhee 

K 3 hath 

70 Bert's Treatife of 

hath not beene well and orderly manned ; then 
it fliould appeare that well and orderly man- 
ning them fhould make them familiarly endure 
thefe or any of thefe, and fo it will ; but now it 
muft be done by other meanes. You well vn- 
derftand the courfes I haue vfed in manning my 
hawkes, which truely praftifed vpon them, there 
fhall no ill condition follow them : But when 
a hawke is but halfe made, then (hee falls from 
bad to worfe, and fo fhe is harder by much to 
be reclaimed then fhe was at the beginning, and 
will aske more tendance and refpedliue care to 
holde her well at the fecond making, then a call 
of hawkes, wellmade, in their firft handling. Be- 
fore you beginne to practice vpon her let her 
be watched, and carried a day or two, when you 
haue fo done, if fhee haue a good ftomake, you 
may the fooner beginne with her, and yet fhee 
may haue a good flomake, but rammifhnes will 
not fuffer her to fhew it There is nothing to 
be done with fuch a hawke, vntill by watching 
and manning fhe be brought to patience, which 
done, beginne thus ; finde out fome place where 
there is fome great affembly either at bowles, or 
fome fuch other exercife, and hauing her in 
cranes there, fet her vpon fome mans fifl:, & let 
her iumpe to a catch, and thereupon dandle the 
time with her : This mufl be done many dayes, 
and many times in the day. I would be neere 
fome Market- Towne, where vpon a Market- 
day I would find fome conuenient place, where 


Hawkes and Hawking. 7 1 

Women with their Baskets, Horfes with loads 
vpon them, Carts with their carriage, variety 
of coloured Horfes, and paffingers-by in diuers 
paces fhould come by her, there I would be 
fare to fpend the whole day in playing with her 
in fuch manner vpon the catch. If you will 
aske me how long (he will be in making famili- 
er with all thefe things, I fay you will neuer do 
it, if fo foone as you haue ended your praftice, 
you goe and fet her downe to growe wilder, 
and be the fecond day as ill as fhe was at the 
firft; but in the continuance hereof three or 
foure dayes, and thy carefuU attendance ouer 
her day and night, will greatly preuaile with 
her: I would not doubt but to make fuch a 
Hawke with my diligence and paine (vfing her 
as I haue herein taught you) to fit vpon the pelt 
in the Market-place, nor fearing nor caring for 
any thing, {ajffiduajiilla/axum excauat) bath not 
God made all Creatures } haue not wilde Stags 
by watching & manning been driuen like cattel 
vpon the way ? What is it that man cannot ef- 
feft, if he wil thervnto apply himfelfe ? If one day 
will not ferue the turne, take two ; if not two, 
then ten, and twenty more, but I would haue 
my trauell fatisfied with a fweet conclufion. 
There is fomething elfe to be thought vpon, and 
therefore I will proceede. 


72 Bert's Treatife of 

Chap. IX. 

What courfe is to be taken with a Hawke that hath 
fiowne a Partridge, and will continually Jit 
vpon the ground at markcy and thereby is likely 
to beate out her /elf e from her true flyings by 
ntijffing of many flights. 

A Special! care is to be had herein how you 

^^flye your Hawke, which muft be as the 

Countrie is where you flye your Hawke, as 

In the thus ; if it be in the Champion, then you muft 

Champion j^^ fly^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^ Partridges, there Ihe can- 

fltefarre off. { r r- ^ r ^ i. i/i 

not lofe fight of them, and yet it may be Ihee 
fhall not fee the fall fo well, but being farre be- 
hinde, if ihe be in ftrength and courage fhoote 
vp to a tree, for (he is more then a dull-fpirited 
Hawke, and I thinke there is not fuch a hawke 
will flye home a Partridge, but flie will ftirre or 
hunt for it if (he be neere it at the fall, or foone 
learne to goe to a tree, which I faid before I 
would haue you preuent, by flying farre from 
the game, when flie fliall not be inticed by be- 
ing neere to" them to fall vpon the ground. If 
this pleafe you not, goe hawke in the Wood- 
land, and make choyfe to fly at fuch Partridges 
A contrary as will flye to a woode : Here your courfe muft 

1w^^/^ ^d^ ^^' ^^^ ^^ y^" ^^^ ^" ^^^ Champion, but to flye 
as neere them as may be, for feare, if flie fliould 

be farre behinde, fliee ftiould lofe the fight of 


Hawkes and Hawking. 73 

them, but being neere, they then tempt her to 
fall in the wood vpon the ground ; then let her 
fet and hunt vntill ihe be weary of fo doing, be 
carefull not to fuffer a dogge to goe vnto her, 
neither let her hear your voyce at all ; at length 
fhee will finde that there is no good to be got- 
ten by walking, and then fhee will vp to a tree ; 
now your owne knowledge affureth you XlazX. it is the 
out of the wood the Partridges will not flicke,^'^^^^ ^^ 
and that putting your dogs into the wood you*^^^ 
(hall be fure to (hew her a flight, wherewith if 
jQie fall againe, I would without queftion let 
her alone vntill ihe fliould wifh (he had her fup* 
per: if in the wood-land you fliall fometime 
make her draw after you, and ferue her with the Draw not 
Spaniels, it will doe her good ; but the generall ^^^ htmjts. 
pra6life will very quickly worke wit in her. And 
thus much for this, hauing a little fpoken of it 

Chap. X. 

That the Tar/ell is more prone to thefe ill conditu 
ons then the hawke^ and how to reclaime him 
that will feeke out for a Doue-haufe; with 
which fault I neuer knew Gofhawke tainted. 

A LL my proceeding and direftion hath been 
^^ wholly intended for the reclayming and 
making the hawke, which is all one for the Tar- 
fell, who is to be pra<5iifed vpon for fuch faults 

L in 

74 Bert's Treatife of 

in the fame manner as is the Gofhawke, but 
there is one vile quallity that I haue heard a 
Tarfell would often pradlife ; wherewith I ne- 
uer yet knew Gofhawke tainted, and whereun- 
to a Tarfell would neuer fall, if he be handled 
in that forme that I haue fet downe. Some Tar- 
fell after a Haggourtly or Rammilh difpofition, 
The keepers will vpon the miffing of a flight, not ftay at 
^ marke your comming to feme him ; fome other 

will fit fall vntill fome ftranger fhew himfelfe, 
and then he is gone : Thefe quallities follow ill 
manned hawkes, as well as the Tarfell ; this is 
nothing but wiideneife ; want of true manning 
brought him vnto this; & he is of this fault to be 
reformed as is the hawke, by feeding often, and 
many times in the day amongfl a multitude 
of people in cranes, vpon a catch, where you 
muft make a true pra6life, with feeding him 
from the hand : It may be faid he will kill him- 
felfe before he will be quiet in fuch an aifembly, 
he muft be then watched and carryed bare-fafte 
vntill he be fo gentle, as that he will indure all 
company, and then vpon the catch thou fhalt 
make him fo in loue with thee, with thus vfing 
him vpon it, as I haue formerly fet downe, that 
hee will indure all things whatfoeuer. I haue 
heard, but I thinke it was more then truth, that 
a Tarfell royled from marke, and was that night 
taken in a doue-houfe eameftly feeding vp- 
on a Doue, twenty miles from the place 
from whence hee was flowne : It is beyond all 


Hawkes and Hawking, 75 

vnderftanding, that louing and knowing a doue- 
houfe well, as he did, he ihould trauell fo farre 
before he ihould finde one fhould pleafe him, 
and this ihould be in a country that of my 
knowledge affordeth plenty of doue-cotes : But 
truth is, fuch was his fault, that vpon euery lit- 
tle difcontent, he would fo pleafe himfelfe; from 
which hee is thus eaiily to be reclaimed, but be 
fure by watching and manning he be made ve* 
ry gentle before you begin thus to pra6life, then As gentle as 
call him in cranes to a catch, as I haue taught ^ ^'''^^^• 
you to doe a Goihawke that will houfe, feed him 
in the fame manner, and call him vntill you 
finde that hee will come fo foone as the catch 
is throwne out, it may be a doue that hee k>ueth 
fo well, but it is not much to the purpofe what 
foule it be, although it be a Lewer well garniih- 
ed, for he will foone fall in loue with any thing 
wherewith he ihall be fo well pleafed. When he 
is brought to that paffe that he is truely in loue 
with thee and the catch, comes readily, and will 
indure all company, then vfe him to draw after 
thee all times of the day, and take him downe 
very often : I would aduife that in the euening 
hee might be called neere vnto a doue-houfe, 
where fome of purpofe ihould fhew and ilirre 
the Doues, that if hee went into the houfe, 
one of your company, rather then your felfe, 
might be quickely with him, hauing in a 
readineife prepared a boxe filled with beaten 
Pepper, and where hee hath broken the Doue, 

L 2 ilrewe 

76 Bert's Treatife of 


ftrewe Pepper aboudantly, and fo haue a i 

care that fo foone as hee fliall bare a new \ 

place, that you prefently plye that place with j 

ftrewing more pepper, which will foone make 
him diflike fuch and fo hote a dyet, and make 
him fo much the more to loue him who ftiall or J 

hath fo kindly vfed him. I would fhew my felfe 
a little negligent, and not with much hafte to j 

take him downe, when he were fo neere that he 
loueth fo well, for now you are fo neere him, 
as you would quickely be with him to giue vn- 
to him more than hee would eate, and thereby 
make him out of loue with a Doue-houfe. It 
may be faid this is the next way to kill him ; no, 
he will caft his gorge, wherein there is no dan- 
ger or caufe of feare ; when a Hawke cafteth 
his gorge vpon diflike of his meate ; for fome- 
times the lying of a bone awrye will make him 
caft his meate, or part of it : but if a hawke ca- 
fteth his gorge, and the meate ftinketh, this is of 
an other caufe, he is then (icke, his ftomake can- 
not digeft what nature deiireth, and fo the con* 
tinning thereof, with a defire to put it ouer and 
cannot, putrifieth the meate and ftinketh, and 
maketh that hawke in a defperate eftate. Your 
feruing your Tarfell thus ftiall not affed: any 
fuch matter, but hee will finde a difference be- 
tweene fuch a diftaftfuU fupper, and a fweet 
pleafing breakefaft, which I would aduife fliould 
the next morning be giuen in Cranes, where 
the fweet hand and kinde dealing with him 


Hawkes and Hawking. 77 

vpon the catch will day him or any hawke from 
royling. When he is thus made, keepe him fo, 
and that muft be with continuall familiarity : If 
I thought a hawke fo gentle and familiar could 
be drawne by any meanes from her keeper, 
then I would fet downe another courfe, which 
although you Ihall neuer haue neede of, I wiil 
fet downe. When he is at the height of his fa- 
miliarity, cut out of either wing three of his beft 
flying feathers, and put to his heeles a knocking 
paire of bels, and fo traine him when his want 
of power will hinder his defire to trauaile fur- 
ther, then you may with eafe follow him ; and 
I would wifh you to follow him fo as he fhould 
not fee it, but be continually thirty or fortie 
fcore from him, and fometimes giue him your 
voyce. If you finde him not inclined to heare 
you (which fhould be more flrange to me then 
any thing belonging to a hawke, if hee be made 
gentle and in cranes well-comming as aforefaid) 
then get one with you that may follow him, but 
neuer offer to take him downe, but let him be 
as neere the Tarfell as may be, who when hee 
the hawke remoueth, by his voyce he may giue 
you knowledge thereof, when 1 would aduife 
you to giue him your voyce, and call him, but 
goe no neerer vnto him. When it groweth to 
that houre that you thinke hee will remoue no 
more, then let a Hue Doue, by him that is with 
him, be throwne out in a paire of cranes, and To 
foone as he hath it, let him be beflowed vpon 

L 3 his 



78 Bert's Treatife of 

his fill, vntill he commeth home, where let him 
faft vntill you goe to bed ; then for his fupper 
giue him a fet of ftones and knots, (the number 
and fize I will deliuer hereafter, with their pro- 
fits :) The next morning carry him abroad 
with you an houre before you call him, then let 
him goe at liberty : You haue your friend if 
neede be to follow him, whereof there fhall be 
no need ; then let him fee you kill and pull off 
the feathers of a Pidgeon,^ and before you call he 
will come fo foone as you throw out the catch, 
and if he could fpeake, thanke you. When you 
haue made him fuch as you would haue him, 
then put in his feathers againe, which I hope 
were fo carefully cut out, and well preferued in 
a booke vntil you fhould haue this vfe for them, 
that hee may be better imped with his owne 
feathers then it is poffible to impe a hawke with 
any other then his owne, and he will not fly one 
pinne the worfe. I cannot in my vnderftanding 
thinke of any other fault that my Hawke 
hath, and therefore hereof I muft of ne- 
ceflTity leaue further to fpeake ; and 
fo proceed with my cures, which 
follow in this third and 
laft Treatife. 



Hawkes and Hawking. 79 



Hawkes and Hawking : 

Wherein is contained Cures for all knowne 

Difeafes; all which haue been praftifed by 

my felfe more vpon worthy mens Hawkes 

that haue beene fent vnto me, then 

vpon an; of my owne. 

FirJl,for the heake, mouth, eyes, head, and throat, 
and of the feuerall grief es there breeding and 

'J N the Beake there is a drye 
Canker, whereof I haue little 
defire to write, becaufe it is 
I fo common, and the cure as 
f eafie ; but to him that know- 
l* eth it not, this (hall giue 
' him fufficient vnderftanding : 
That it flieweth it felfe white in that part of the 
Beake where it is, it may haue a cracke or 6awe 

8o Bert's Treatife of 

in it before you Ihall difcouer it, vnder that 
white it eateth into the beake. With a knife pare 
the white off fo farre and fo deepe as it hath ea- 
ten into the beake : with a piece of glaffe new 
broken you may fcrape it, and make it more 
fmooth then you can with a Knife. After you 
haue fafliioned the beake fo well as you can, 
walh it either with the iuice of a Lemmon, or 
with a little Wine-vinegar, and it will require to 
be no oftener dreffed. 

A Medicine for the wet Canker in the mouth or 
Beake ^ which willeate into her eyes andbraine^ 
{and vnleffe it be killed) it willfoone kill her : 
And this is more common with the long-winged 
then the Jhort-winged Hawke : This  of my 
owne praSlife, and how dangerous foeuer itjhall 
appeare to him that hath not made vfe thereof 
belieue me, in the adminiftring thereof there is 
nothing butfafety. 

npAke Aquafortis, you fhall haue it at the 
^ Goldfmiths, for there is moft vfe made of it ; 
there is fome of it made more ftrong then other, 
but how ftrong or weake foeuer it be, you Ihall 
quallifie them in this manner. 

Haue in a readineffe a porringer of fpring- 
water, and a feather in it, then poure fome of 
your Aquafortis into the deep fide of an Oyfter- 
ihell, where you Ihall fee it prefently boyle, as 
if it were ouer a fire, and would foone eate 


Hawkes and Hawking. 8 1 

through the Oyfter-fhell, take your feather in 
the fpring-water, and therewith of the fame 
water, drop into the Aquafortis that is boyling, 
by drops, drop after drop, vntill you Ihall fee 
it leaue feething, then for your vfe put it into a 
vioU, and we call it Aquafortis quallified. Now 
you are prouided oi Aqua fortis \n his vigour 
and ftrength, and you haue it alfo quallified. For 
the Canker, I would advife you to take the 
moft fpeedy and moll fure courfe to kill it : And 
therefore for cure thus proceede : With a quill 
made fit for the turne, fearch the fore well, and 
take off the roofe, (that couereth and groweth 
fall to the fore,) as cleane as may be ; and left 
the bleeding Ihall hinder the true fearch, haue 
in readineffe a fticke with a little clout tyed to 
the end, which wet in faire water, you may 
therewith wipe away the blood fometimes, 
whereby you may the better fee what you haue 
done to the fore ; you may perhaps finde a lit- 
tle core feeding within the fore, pull and get - 
out of it as much as is poffible, and then hauing 
a little fticke, with a little clout, to the bigneffe 
of a fmall Peafe faftened to the end thereof, and 
wet in the Aquafortis, and not to haue it other- 
wife then wet, not that it Ihall drop ; herewith 
doe but touch the fore once or twice that it may 
be wet, and it will foone kill it : Dreffe it once in 
foure and twenty houres ; and if it be not in a 
very defperate eftate when you beginne there- 
with, twice or thrife dreffmg Ihall be the moft 

M it 

82 Bert's Treatife of 

it fhall needc ; and if the core fhall be at the firft 
taken cleane out, it will not aske more dreffing : 
You may feede within one houre, or an houre 
and a halfe after fhe is thus dreffed. 

A Medicine for the Frounce^ whervnto the long- 
winged Hawke is much morefuHeSl then is the 
Jhort'Winged Hawke. 

T Haue heard many men of this opinion, that 
^the Frounce & Canker are all one ; and fuch 
they w^re as held themfelues very skilful! : But 
fuch as haue ^11 & iudgement know that they 
were difceiued in their opinions. The Frounce 
proceeding out of a heate and drynes in the bo- 
dy, or of a bruife, and it foUoweth moft your 
frefti Haggard. Although the fore- Hawke or 
Tarfell is not free, bwit are vpon heats fubie<5l to 
that infirmity, the older a Hawke is fhee is the 
more hote & drye ; and you fhall haue fodainly 
growe vpon an olde Haggart, although ihee be 
well kept, for it will growe vpon that Hawke 
foonefl that is of a fretfull difpofition. A Faul- 
conour of iudgement will hereupon worke to 
Heate and feeke out meanes to amend the caufe, and then 
drinejje. every fmall matter will cure the griefe, when 
it is but little and newe bred. I haue knowne it 
killed with wafhing her mouth with the iuice of 
Lemmon, and fo giuing her ftones out of the 
fame iuice ; this worketh as well in the body as 
the mouth: But Aqua fortis to be vfed for the 


Hawkes and Hawking. 83 

Frounce, as I haue dire<5led for a Canker, is be- 
yond all other receits. 

Otherwifefor the Frounce. 

^T^Ake of your Aquafortis that is quallified, 
^ and with a quill made for that purpofe, 
take off the fcabbe or roofe from the fore, then 
with a fticke and a cloth at the end thereof, well 
wet in your quallified water wafh the fore : and 
although there be fo much water as fome of it 
doth goe into her body, I haue found no hurt 
but profit thereby; for without doubt it hath 
had an extraordinary working in her body, 
without making any fhew of ficknes, but there 
hath come from her drofiie mutes that haue 
floode full of bubbles : I haue herewith recoue- 
red Hawkes troubled with a fore Frounce, and 
made them found* 

An approued medicine for the Frounce^ that is to 
be had in euery Towne. 

T^Ake a piece of good Rocke-AUum, and 
^ bume it leifurely, and then pound it to as 
fine powder as may be, then take a little 
Englifh Honie, and a little of the powder, let 
them be wrought together with a kniues point, 
and then your Hawke call, and the fcab cleane 
taken away to the bottome, (feare not to make 
it bleed, which you may wipe away as you are 

M 2 formerly 

84 Bert's Treatife of 

formerly taught) and this receipt clapped vp- 
on it, without doubt with leffe then fixe times 
dreiiing, it fhall kill it; and let it be drefled once 
in foure and twenty houres ; let her not be fed 
in two houres after fhee is dreffed. I could fet 
downe forty common receipts more for this 
griefe, and all needleffe, for any one of thefe three 
lafl fhall kill any Frounce. I would not haue fet 
downe this lail receipt but that Aquafortis is not 
to be had in euery place, 

A remedy for the kimells whereunto the long^ 
winged Hawke is not fubieEl^ but it followetk 
much the Jhort-^inged hawke. 

np He kirnells beginne and breede vnder the 
eye, betweene the eye and chap, outwardly 
appearing, and will very foone fhew it felfe as 
bigge & long as the halfe of an ordinary Beane, 
and will foone grow greater and fwell vp the 
eye, and kill her if it be not preuented. For cure 
thereof doe thus, launce the place fwdled long- 
waies, and with a quill take out the kirnells as 
you can, they are white as kirnells in cattell, 
(but I pray vnderfland) that they are of a very 
fmall fize ; without any danger you may cut the 
hole large enough, feeth fome fpring water, and 
when it hath fod, put into it a peece of Rocke- 
AUum, and fome Englifh honey, let it feeth no 
more, but let the ingredients difolue therein ; 
then hauing a linnen cloath fallened to the end 


Hawkes and Hawking. 85 

of a fticke, wet in the water, the water not being 
otherwife then the colde taken off, walh the 
place very cleane within, and then put into it 
fome powder of burnt Allum ; you fhall neede 
to put your Allum into it but once, and once it 
mull be, otherwife it will be in foure and twen- 
ty houres clofed vp againe, and ihew it felfe 
healed, and fo the kirnells increafe againe, and 
very foone be as ill as it was at the firfl ; but the 
Allum once applyed, and the place walhed 
three mornings together, feare it not, for it is 
cured and found. 

There is a difeafein the head of fome, called V^r- 
tego, it is a fwimming of the braine ; and thus 
followeth the cure. 

^ I ""His griefe is very dangerous, and it appea- 
^ reth too plainely, for very feldome the 
hawke holdeth ftill her head, but continually 
putteth her head ouer her fhoulder, and fo let- 
teth it fall to his proper place againe, it procee- 
deth of a cold caufe in the body. Take a quan- 
tity of Butter out of the Churne, doe not walh 
it, take a Cloue of the middle lize, and as much 
Mace, let them be bruifed, not beaten, and lap 
them in a little of your Butter, to the bigneffe 
of a ftone, fuch as you gaue that hawke ; (al- 
though it be very large it will be a calling 
little enough) put it into a fine peece of Lawne, 
and then tye it fall; giue it vnto your hawke, and 

M 3 after 

86 Bert's Treatife of 

after it, giue vnto her, her fupper ; in the mor- 
ning fhee will caft the Lawne againe, with the 
Clone and Mace therein, the Butter paffing 
through her, then giue vnto her a clone of fod- 
den Garlicke. And becaufe euery man hath not 
made vie thereof, I will therefore fet downe the 
manner how to feeth it, for it is very profitable 
for very great vfes ; take the cloues out of the 
head, but doe not pill them, feeth them in faire 
water, & with a fpoone feele of them very often, 
left they ouer feeth, for they muft be foft, and 
yet no fofter, but that if your Hawke will not 
take them in meate, they may be put into her 
without breakings but now the huske and thin 
white filme muft be taken off, giue vnto her, her 
breakefaft before, or therewith, fhe will not one- 
ly indew it, but that will worke good digefture 
for her other meate ; at night giue her Butter, 
Clone, & Mace ^gaine, as aforefaid, and fo euery 
night, and euery third morning a Cloue of fod- 
den Garlicke, vntill fliee be cured, keepe her 
warme and continually hooded^ if fhee will 
not fit quietly let her be maled vp. 

The Pinne in the throat a mojl defperate and vncu- 
rable difeafe, I ham neuer heard of a long-wmg- 
ed hawke troubled therewith^ but Ihaue knawne 
many Jhort'Winged hawkes killed with it. 

npHis difeafe is plainely difcouered, for vpon 
^ any bate Ihe wil heaue & blow, and rattle in 


Hawkes and Hawking. 87 

the throat. In my very fri^ids houfe, I found a 
Gofhawke at that pafle, it is ten yeares iince, 
and they did not perceiue it vntill that day ; my 
aduife was defired, which I deliuered, and thus 
put in pra^life ; they did caufe prefently fome 
Butter to be made, which I tooke, not wafhing 
it ; but I laped or noynted a wing feather of a 
Henne therewith, and fo twice or thrice in a 
day put it vp and downe her winde pipe, and 
twice or thrice at a time. Whether this was the 
Pinne, or no, I know not, or the Pinne bree- 
ding; but I am fure that in three or foure dayes 
the Hawke did well, without any other thing 
adminiftred. And by others it was thought to 
be the Pinne. One Sparhawke had the Pinne 
this laft yeare in her foreage, and I tolde her 
Mailer of the happy proceeding I had with the 
Gofhawke, and he did pra<5life the fame : But I 
beleeue he rather put the feather which was but 
fmall into the throat, then into the winde-pipe, 
for within one fortnight or tenne dayes after it 
begun, flie dyed thereof. 

One other Gofhawke was brought vnto me 
in her rufter-hoode, to be made flying, as hee 
faid that brought her, fhee had beene drawne 
three weeks, and for a fortnight & more fhe had 
taken euery night a calling; the Hawke I knew 
for her goodnes & good conditions could not be 
bettered. I was glad of her comming, my houfe 
being full of my friends : I imparted fo much 
vnto them in the euening, hauing formerly 


88 Bert's Treatife of 

beene well acqainted with her good conditi- 
ons, I pulled off her hoode, after awhile fitting 
quietly fhee made a flout bate, but fo foone as 
(he had done fo, fhe gaped, and ratled fo in the 
throat, as that fhee might eafily be heard into 
the next roome. If this were not the Pinne, then 
no hawke hath the Pinne ; but the fight hereof 
did very much perplexe mee. To be ridde of 
her I could not, for her Mailer was ridden into 
the Countrey a hawking iourney, as his owne 
letter that day fent did teftifie : Seeing in what 
defperate eftate the hawke was in, I would wil- 
lingly haue giuen forty (hillings I had not med- 
led with her ; Hee was a worthy Knight that 
brought her, and to him I ftoode bound for many 
former kinde guifts, which was in truth the 
moft efpeciall caufe that encreafed my griefe, 
rather fearing her death, then hoping for life. 
The next day by fome occafion there were two 
Knights, both of them very iudicious Auftrin- 
gers, and two Gentlemen of the fame family, 
though dwelling tenne miles afunder, and di- 
ners others; all which, for my colde comfort, 
faid fhe was a hawke not to be recouered. Then 
I pra6lifed vpon her in this manner : Firfl, I put 
on her rufter-hoode againe, and then with a 
large feather lapped about with butter, I did 
twice or thrice together, and three times in a day 
put vp and downe her throate, (I pray you re- 
member that it was butter out of the Churne, 
& not wafhed.) Whileft I was in this praftife, I 


Hawkes and Hawking. 89 

mull tell you that fhee did not thereupon leaue 
her ratling in the throat at all, but it did en- 
creafe a while after fhe was drefled, and made a 
greater noyfe ; and great reafon for it, for Ihee 
had in her dreffing ftriued very much, and 
now labouring in the body, her throat full of 
butter, fhee muft needes make the noyfe the 
greater, which after fhe floode flill a while and 
was quiet, fhe neuer made fhew of: After a 
weekes pra6life thus, I tyed two feathers toge- 
ther, in fuch manner, as fome Arrowes and Bolts 
for Cro&owes haue their feathers lapped about, 
then did I clip off halfe the deepe fide of the 
feather, and being drye, I put that into her 
winde-^pipe, putting it vp and downe, and tur- 
ning it round, infomuch that the feather was 
bloudy, (it* troubled mee much, but the cure be 
ing defperate, I thus followed on my praAife, I 
confeffe I neuer had that experiece before) I had 
then two other feathers lapped together with 
filke as the other two were, about and into 
which I had laped and wrought, the powder of 
burnt Allum and Englifh Hony, prepared as I 
taught you for the Frounce, and with that I did 
well rubbe her winde-pipe vp and downe once 
a day, for three daies together, and fo left, know- 
ing that it had wrought much in fo fhort a time 
vpon a fore Frounce. I continued this Hawke 
one weeke longer in her hoode, when fhe gaue 
mee affured knowledge that fhe had no Pinne, 
neither would flie blowe for one bate, or two, 

N or 

90 Bert's Treatife of 

or three, if they were not great, and for that 
blowing I doe not thinke it was the Pantife, but 
rather a faintneffe and weaknefie after her 
iickneife, as it is very commonly approued a* 
mongft our felues after a long ficknefle ; and 
her difeafe was none of die lead : I met with the 
meffenger that brought her vnto me, (within 
one weeke after I had her) vnto whom I impar^ 
ted my griefe for the hawke, when he did con* 
feffe vnto mee (hee had met with two or three 
mifcbances, by fcratching of her hood before 
ihe came vato me, which might be a caufe of 
breeding the Pinne, which being the greater 
griefe, would not fuflfer the lefler to be feene vn- 
till that was cured, which was the Pantife, if it 
fo proue: You. haue herein beard my opini- 
on ; but for the Pantife I caimot meddle withi 
for therein my difcourfe woiikl proue very 
tedious, as to deliuer the caufe thereof, &c, 
I fhould compare it to the Tifficke in a man or 
woman, or to a Horfe, which fome fay is 
broken- winded, and I fliould contrary that or 
pinion : And although I fliould haue many a^ 
gainft mee, yet I fliouId haue many maintaine 
my opinion. And thus I leaue that vndifcour- 
fed of, becaufe it would proue very tedious 
to fet downe the reafons,/r^ & contra. But for 
this vncurable difeafe» I am perfwaded, that if 
Seethe it fhall be rubbed with two drye feathers, lap* 
^waw^if p^^ together and dipped, as I haue before faid, 
* and afterward to wet them in Aquafortis that is 


Hawkes and Hawking. 91 

— ~ — ^ — _.^ — . , — — _ — _ — __ __^ — ^ — ^ — ^ , — ^^-^ -^ — ^  - J 

quallified, and fo thruft the feather vp and 
downe her throat, I muft needs thinke it fhould 
eate away the Pinne, and cure it, hauing bad fo 
good experience of the working thereof, which 
doth confirme my opinion, and not to danger 
the Hawke: Admit it fhould endanger her 
life, fhee can be in no greater daunger then the 
Pinne putteth her in. I leaue the vfe thereof to 
your owne coniideration. 

An excellent medicine far a lafh in the eye. 

npAke white Sugar Candy, bume it as you 
^ burne your Allum, then broife or beate it 
to a very fine powder, and thereof morning and 
eu^ning put fome of it into her eye, let her be 
alwaies hooded, vntill fhee be well, which will 
be in a very fhort time ; yea, although a filme 
beginne to growe ouer it, becaufe it hath not 
beene looked vnto in time ; yet reft affured it 
will cure it 

A Medicine for a fait or hot humour that runneth 
out of the eyeyUndfcaldeih all the fecUhers from 
that part vnder the eye^ and maketh it bare. 

^T^His difeafe will make the one eye feeme 
bigger then the other, and at all times feeme 
to be full of water, it may be both the eyes be in 
that ill eflate, the often wiping of the eye againfl 
the wing, putteth off the feathers, and maketh 

N 2 the 

92 Bert's Treatife of 

the eye the worfe. For cure, take the ftalke of 
Fennel and cut it off at one ioynt, and into that 
part of the ilalke which you leaue long, being 
(lopped with the ioynt at the other end, you 
fhaJl put or fill with the pouder of white fuger- 
candie, very finely pounded, and then with 
waxe make very clofe that end, and fo doe three 
<xc foure, and then bury them in the earth two 
or three dayes, and your pouder will be diffol- 
ued into fine water, which you fhall drop into 
your hawkes ^ye, or your owne, if you Ihall 
haue neede : It is approued very good. 

For the fame otherwife. 

npAke a piece of Gum-draggon, and let it lye 
^ in three or foure fpoonefuUs of fpring-wa- 
ter, vntill it diffolue and grow foft, then drop 
of thai water into the eye ; it is veiy good for 
ourfelues if we haue neede. 

Far afnurt orcolde in the head of any hawke^ it is 
nu^pri^erly to be tearmedtkm in long-winged 
hawkes^ for Jhort-winged hawkes the Rye^ and 
yet they differ. 

T Haue known Faulcons that haue been wafh- 
^ed at the brooke in colde and frofty weather, 
or fo wet with raine, that therevpon they haue 
beene fo troubled with a colde in the head, as 
that in a moneth or fixe weekes they could not 


Hawkes and Hawking. 93 

be brought againe to true flying : The Rye in a 
fliort-winged will grow as well vpon her, and 
fooner, by being ill kept without tyring or plu- 
mage, or by being in pouerty, as through colde 
or wet. Notwithftanding fhee is the tenderer 
hawke ; yet if fhee be full of flefh and haue na- 
turall meaneSy good and warme dyet, with plu- 
mage and tyring enough, and kept warme, fhee 
will foone outgrow it ; but for the Faulcon and 
fuch like, a wilde Primrofe roote dryed in the 
Ouen after the bread is drawne, and .made fo 
drye as that it may be beaten to a fine pouder, 
and fo blowne into her Nares, will very foone 
break it If you will take the leaues, be fure they 
be of the wilde primrofe in the field or wood, 
flampe & flraine out the iuice and put fome of it 
into her Nares, and it fhall worke the like effedl. 
It fhall not be idleneffe for mee to deliuer, nor 
yet vnprofitable for you to heare ; that one did 
lye in his bed fo troubled with paine in the 
head, that vpon the leafl motion or flirring hee 
would cry out in fuch manner, as that he fhew- 
ed hee fuffered much torment I was talking to 
one of this receipt for my hawke, where vpon 
the parties petitions were fo piercing, as that 
there muft be no denyall but that fome leaues 
fhould be fought for and gotten, and which 
was done, the iuice taken out, I thinke hee did 
fnuffe vp into his nofe one fponefuU ; but hee 
was for halfe an houre after fo tormented, as 
that I for my part wifhed that I had neuer 

N 3 fpoken 

94 Bert's Treatife of 

fpoken of the receipt, but that little feafon fo 
borne out, the party was prefently as wel as euer 
he was in his life ; this was fudden and this was 
ftrange, adminifter neither of thefe to your 
hawke but when ihe is empty, and feed not too 
foone after it, but be fure to keepe her warme ; 
for otherwife her powers being fo open, fliee is 
more apt to increafe the colde fhee hath alrea- 
dy taken then to breake it 

A medednefar the MUeSyfome hawkes haue beene 

fo ill looked vnto, thai they kaue not onely beene 

troubled about the beake and eyes, but the nicks 

oftkewings and hinder parts of them haue beene 

eaten to the quieke. 

ILTIs iudgement fhould much feile him that 
-*- ^ will not thinke that hawkes fo ill fumifhed 
haue beene neither cleanly kept nor carefully 
looked vttto; by both which meanes a hawke 
may haue them, and tibey are fooneft gotten 
from the pearch or blocke where an other 
hawke hath fate that haue had the mites: If they 
be timely difcouered, and that they haue not 
ouer-runne the whole body. Aqua vita and 
Stauefacre will kill them, onely rubbing her 
Nares therewith when you fet her downe for 
all night, and fo will Vinegar and Stauefacre. 

The luke of Hearbe-graffe, the leaues ftam- 
ped and ftrained, and the parts offended about 
the head rubbed therewith, when you goe to 


Hawkes and Hawking, 95 

take your reft, is as good as any of the reft : Take 
heede where you fet your hawke, for if Ihee fit 
by a hawke that hadi tbe Mites, fhee will too 
foone finde that fhe^ hath met with too many 
ill neighbours; Mafter Batcheler that was Mafter 
of all the Faulconers by Pbwles, to whom my 
loue then was fuch as that I could fpeake much 
good of him now ; hee I fay had a fparhawke, 
all her body over-runne with fuch vermine, 
which he could deftroye by no meanes vntill 
hee did vndertake this courfe ; Hee got Stauef- 
acre, and beate it fmall, and then boyled it in 
faire water, making it ftrong, and then ftreined 
it gently through a fine cloath, fuffering none 
of the Stauefacre to goe through ; and in that 
he did well wafii his hawke ; suid when hee had 
her out of the water, he lapped her vp in a Lambs 
skinne that was made warme and ready for that 
purpofe, and therein kept her vntill flie was ve- 
ry neere dry, when hauing another skinne war- 
med, he put that about h^*, and fo continued 
two houres, into which Lambes skinnes the 
vermin did runne, and fo the hawke was made 
cleane and freed from her death. 

A r eceipt beyond all other y to take cut the Lyme out 
of a Hawkes feathers. 

nr^Ake Neates-foote oyle, any oyle elfe will 

^ neuer be gotten out of the feathers, and 

annoynt the place lymed therewith ; that 


96 Bert's Treatife of 

done, draw the webbe of the feather euen as it 
groweth from the quill, betweene the flelh of 
your fore-fitiger and the naile of your thumbe ; 
with the naile neuer leaue working, vntill there- 
wkh you haue drawne the Lyme cleane out, 
and then you ihall finde the feathers looke with 
as good a gloffe as any of the reft, and ftand 
fmooth as you draw them. 

A receipt to beginen to a Hawke that bloweth^ and 
isjiiort or thicke-^wmded^ 

I Was once asked by one of my friends what 
was good for fuch an infirmity, I tolde him 
the tops of Rofenmry leifurely dryed betweene 
two warme Tyks, either made warme, and fet 
vpon hot embers to continue them fo ;: or in 
an Ouen^ fo foone as the bread was taken out ; 
and when they were fo well dryed as that they 
would be beaten to a fine powder, to give of the 
powder in good aboundaace to his hawke with 
her meate. I made it knowne vnto him that this 
was taught mee by one that was an ancient and 
skilful! Auftringer ; and withall tolde him^ that 
I had made no vfe thereof, neither could I al- 
leadge a reafon why it fhould be good; As 
he was a Faulconour, fo was he a Cocke-msdler, 
and he tolde mee he had made vfe of it in fuch 
manner for his Cockes ; fince when^ for a hawke 
fo troubled I haue made proofe of^ and found 
it very profitable; 


Hawkes and Hawking. 97 

A Medicine for the Womtes^ wherewith all crea- 
tures (/ thinke^ as well as Hawkes) are trou- 

X^Los/ulphuris giuen in her meate is very gcxxl, 
^ and fo is Corolinum, otherwife called Sea- 
moffe dryed, and in powder giuen the Hawke 
with her meate. Puluis contra vermis is to be had 
at fome Pothecaries, giuen with her meate in the 
morning, fhee will not at all flye the worie at 
night Lauender-Cotten, minced and made in- 
to a pill with butter, and rouled vp in Sugar, is 
good. Callings of Wormewoode, and Saintu- 
ary are very good. Sodden Garlicke in my 
prac^life \% better than any of thefe. There can 
no better thing be given to a long-winged 
hawke for the Fillenders ; if fo, it mufl then be 
granted, nothing can helpe digefture better. 
You (hall finde how it is fodden in the Chapter 
for the difeafe in the head. I haue giuen euery 
night a Clone to a fhort-winged hawke, fixe 
nights together. Wormefeed giuen with meate, 
or Wormefeede with Aloes, Butter, and two or 
three chiues of Saffron giuen in a pill, is very 
good. And I thinke fo are a hundred more me- 
dicines for this difeafe; and there are more 
Hawkes dye hereof, then of all other difeafes 


98 Bert's Treatife of 

A Medicine or Pill to begiuen to a Hawke that 
hoik the WomteSf whereof I make the beji 

TAke Engliih-Honie and clarifie it, take off 
the fcumme with a feather when it hath 
boyled a little, and then it is clarified ; let 
it boyle leifurely vntill it groweth fo fliffe as 
that you may make it vp in pills, which you 
ftall thus approue ; take a little out of it vpon 
a kniues poynt, and drop it vpoa a Trencher, 
when it is cold you fhall fee whether it be ftiffe 
enough, or no ; then beate fome Wormefeede 
and put into it, and fo make it vp in pills. I will 
tell you how I doe vfe to giue them ; I lappe 
them vp in a fingle white paper, of the thinnefl 
paper I can get, and then I put therein my pill, 
and tye the paper clofe about with a thrid. I 
am very carefuU not to touch the out-lide of 
the paper, after I haue handled the pills before 
I wafh, for feare fhe fhould take any diflike in the 
taile. I put it into fo thinne a paper that it may 
the fooner diifolue ; for if it be in a thicke paper 
that will not fo foone take moyfture. (I haue 
approued both) and then if (hee offer to ca£t it, 
(he may with fo ftrong paper cail all : Which 
to preuent, if I know any thing my Hawke will 
diflike, I fhew her that, it will be a meanes to 
make her keepe it ; otherwife I will haue in a 
readineffe a wing of fome Fowle, wherewith I 


Hawkes and Hawking. 99 

will tend her, fometimes with fhewing it, and 
fometimes fufTering her to plume, by which 
meanes you (hall haue your pill or pils worke 
Icindely. You may giue two as bjgge as a fmall 
Hazell-Nut to a Gofhawke, one to a Tarfell ; it 
is a good fcouring, befides the benefit of killing 
Wormes. I haue heard very experienced Au- 
ftringers fay, that there is no killing of Wormes 
with any fuch receipt as I haue mentioned ; but 
their aduice is to beate a fmall flint-ftone to 
fmall pummis, and to giue it her with her meat : 
And this they fay muft iirft breake the bed of 
Wormes, and then any of th^e receipts will kill 
them. I cannot vnderiland where thefe wormes 
fliould lye, that mufl haue this helpe, and with- 
out which the other cannot profit. I haue feene 
a fmall grub worme in long-winged Hawkes, 
and efpecially in the blancke Tarfels, that haue 
beene muted daily, fometimes two, fometimes 
three, and fomtimes foure in a mute and more. 
And to kill thefe I haue laboured, but I will ne- 
ver approue it more, for I cannot doe \\ ; and 
befides, I thinke they rather benefit a hawke 
then doe any hurt : For I flew a Tarfell fo trou- 
bled all his fore-age, and when he was an enter- 
mewer, vntill after Chriftmas at the Cocke, hee 
was a very high flyer that yeers remain ; & three 
yeares after he was a lead Hawke at the Brooke 
in Letce/hr-Jhiere, and all this time had thefe 
wormes, and hee was called by that name 
Wormes, I am put in minde of giuing a Hawke 

O 2 Brimftone 

icx) Bert's Treatife of 

Brimftone, by fpeaking of the pounded flint, 
and I haue very often approued it, to giue it in 
this manner to any hawke, broken like fmall 
grauell, & at night giue it with her meate, & fhe 
will in the morning bring it vp in her cafting : 
It will helpe greatly to cleane a Hawke, and 
breed a good ftomacke. There is not fo com- 
mon a difeafe folio weth a hawke as the wormes, 
and I haue found them in moft feathered 
Fowles, but neuar any within the bowels, but 
in the body mofl aboundantly, and without all 
doubt the backe-worme, if a msui were cer- 
taine his Hawke were fo difeafed, both the pill 
and fodden Garlicke with continuance would 
deftroy it. 

A reteiptfor a Hawke that fuUh loji her courage^ 
andiayeth not, or is lowe inflejh. 

nr^Ake a wilde ^nd well-fleftied houfe Doue, 
^ and draw out a wing, you know what to 
pare away, and how to prepare it fit for your 
Hawke : Take a new-layed ^g%% whileft it is 
warme, and warme a Porringer or Pewter-difh 
againft the fire, then breake the ^%%!t^ and put 
the yolke thereinto, let it be broken a little with 
a fpoone, and then drawe your meate through 
it, and as your Hawke is feeding, with a feather 
lay on more. I would haue this fo quickly done, 
as that the Doue nor Egge fhould lofe but little 
of their naturall heat, & by making it more hot 


Hawkes and Hawking. loi 

you make it worfe then the lofing of the heate. 
Vfe this but two or three mornings, & you fliall 
finde your Hawke growe brauely vpon you. 
For a hawke to be proude and full of flefh, is 
but a fpurre or whetftone to put her into all ill 
conditions if fhee be wilde : But let her be gen- 
tle and not wilde, fhee is able to kill any thing 
that is fit to be flowne vnto. 

Another receipt very good for the fame 


^TpAke a pound of Beefe of a young beaft, or 
^ more Beefe if you will, make it very 
cleane, not leaning either fat or firing therein : 
You may the better doe it becaufe the Beefe 
mufl be fliced very thin, which when it is fo fli- 
ced, and well picked, lay it in a ftill, and put 
thereto as much Claret wine, of the befl high 
Country wine you can get, as may couer the 
Beefe, put thereto one or two ounces of white 
Suger-Candy, beaten to fine powder, and then 
flill them together, but let the ftill be very tem- 
perately kept, and through this you may often 
drawe your Hawkes meate. 

O 3 How 

I02 Bert's Treatife of 

How to draw a water that is cooling, and the pro- 
pertie thereof is to kill any vnnaturall heate in 
the mouth or body, it is a great cleanfery and in- 
creafeth breath ; it will keepe the body in good 
temper^ and helpe the body diftempered with 

T Would gladly fet down euery thing fo plain- 
^ ly, as that there might neither be queftion 
made of my meanings nor that there fhould be 
any thing miilaken, for want of a true difcrip- 
tion. Prim, of fome called Prim-priuet, it is 
that which is planted in fome Orchards, and in 
fome Gardens, to beautifie the walls, and is kept 
with cutting, it doth carry a white flower, which 
when they are blowne, I would haue cleanely 
picked, taking nothing but the flower, let not 
your fire be kept ouer-rafti or ouer-hot, but let 
them be carefully diftilled, and then put it into 
a glaffe vntill you haue vfe of it, no hawke will 
diflike the tafte of the water, and the water thus 
ftilled hath a very good fmell, but it leaueth a 
mod ilinking StilL If you fhall giue her this 
water with her meate, you fliall finde admira- 
ble profit therein : It is very good wherewith to 
enfayme a hawke of any kinde, for a long- wing- 
ed hawke that is in fummer ftowne to the field, 
there neuer was or can be vfed any thing better, 
it is moft true that in giuing fomething to heate 
the ftomacke, you may therewith ouer-heate 


Hawkes and Hawking. 103 

the liuer ; and it is fo for the liuer, giue fome- 
thing to coole that, and fo you may ouer-coole 
or kill the ftomacke. But there is fuch an excel- 
lent propertie in this water, as notwithilanding 
it cooleth the liuer, yet it bettereth the ftomacke, 
the vfe of this water will preuent many difeafes, 
for infirmities and fickneffe doe continually 
follow fuch hawkes, as are not cleanely fed ; but 
flowne fowle before they be well enfaymed, it 
will keepe thy Gofhawke and Tarfell in conti- 
nuall health, if you be carefull in the enfayming 
of them, and not flying of them before they be 
cleane ; If you will not be carefull, but thy ouer- 
hafty defire of fport, (hall make thee flye them 
before they be fit to flye ; then you fliall haue 
from them for a little feafon fome fport, but then 
the conclufion will be confufion : to be weake 
and fickly is the beft hope can be had of a hawke 
het or flowne before flie be cleane, but to be het 
or flowne when flie is more then foule, fo foone 
as colde weather doth come, be aflured of the 
Pantife, and other difeafes which will fall into 
her feete and legges, and then as good pull off" 
her head as keepe her. I know not any man that 
hath had the vfe thereof but my felfe, and I haue 
vfed it, this fixteene or feauenteene yeares, and 
I did neuer impart to any man, but one Knight 
what it was, who to my knowledge did neuer 
caufe it to be drawne. 

1 04 Bert's Treatife of 

A very excellent medicine for a dangerous bruife^ 
prefently to be giuen after the hurt. 

np^Ake Englifh honey and clarefie it, and fo 
^ foone as you haue fo done, before it boyleth 
any more put into it halfe fo much flone- 
pitch or fomething leffe then there is honey, and 
then let it boyle ag^ine : It fhall not neede to 
boyle long, becaufe the pitch will make it ftrong 
and faft enough to make vp in pills ; as foone as 
you can, giue her a large pill thereof, and al- 
though fhee faft aboue twelue houres after the 
receiuing, it is the better : I pray let mee make 
all plaine vnto you, for this is worthy to be had 
in good eftimation^ both of the Faulconer and 
Auftringer. It is a praftife of my owne deui- 
fing ; and thus I vfed the fame : I haue had di- 
uers Tarfolls flying at the Cocke, fo hurt them- 
felues that they haue not beene able to ftand or 
holde vp a wing, I haue prefendy maled them, 
to keepe them warme vntill I came home,^ (I tell 
you this becaufe you fhall vnderftand that it is 
very dangerous to let them take colde before 
the receipt of this pill or pills, for making of 
them fomething leffe, you may giue two,) when 
I came home, I would keepe her ftill maled vp, 
left ihe fhould catch colde vntill I had made her 
pills ready, when I would not yet vnmale her 
if I found it a dangerous bruife, but kepe her fo 
all night or day, and I would be fore that when 


Hawkes and Hawking. 105 

I did vnmale her to feede, or to fee how fhee 
could (land, it fhould be in a very warme 
Chamber, where there fhould be a good fire. 

I did flye a Gofhawke that was not my own, 
for which hawke I was offered fortie pounds, I 
could not, and her M after would not fell her ; 
the next yeare fhee had fuch a bruife vpon her 
body againfl a fmall tree, not much bigger then 
my leg, crofTmg to catch a Pheafant-Cocke, that 
fhee lay there to the beholders dead, and there 
fhe had beene dead but that this accident kappe*- 
ned very neere vnto one that was with me, when 
I came vnto her I faw her eyes flirre a little, I 
opened her mouth, and put my finger downe 
her throat, fhee fiirred no part of her body, I 
lapped her vp in a good-fellowes terkin that 
was with mee, and fo I carryed her vnder my 
arme to a houfe two miles from thence, I found 
fhe had Hfe in her, & then I had hope ; I gaue her 
two pills, fuch as I haue formerly fpoken of, flie 
did lye fo lapped up at the leaft fixteene houres^ 
and when I did vnmale her to fee her flrength, 
fhe was very vnable to fland, and hardly able 
to offer to ftand, I fed very fhort, but with my 
care itt one week I delivered her to her Mafler, 
with fome dire^ions ; in all the time I had her 
after her bruife fhe neuer cafl any meate, but af- 
ter I parted from her, fhe would once in three 
or foure meales cafl part or all of her meate, my 
confent was asked when I came thether, that her Conjule cum 

P head w«/>. 

io6 Bert's Treatife of 

head might be pulled off^ I would not yeeld to 
that : but vpon eafie tearmes I tooke her home 
with mee. 

In the Strand I met with that worthy Bar- 
ron who before had made meanes to buy her, 
and he asked mee, if I would not helpe him to 
that Gofhawke ; I tolde him truly in what def- 
perate cafe fhee was in, and all the truth. Hee 
faid you will recouer, you will recouer that ; I 
promifed if (he did recouer, he fhould haue her, 
and at Eafter-tearme (fliee receiuing her hurt, 
neere Shrouetide) I did deliuer her a very found 
hawke, and I had for her thirty pounds, and her 
well-prouing was worth twenty pounds more 
vnto mee. One other Gofhawke I recouered, 
that wanted not much of her danger, and her 
Mailer folde her in SufTex for fifteene or fix- 
teene pounds, and a young Gofhawke cleane 
mewed out of the mew. I dare write no vn- 
truth, for this muft be ouer-viewed by the 
aftors; what fhall I neede to fet downe any 
more for this, knowing this to be fo approued 
good } and which raaketh it the more excellent, 
it is to be had in euery place, fo is neither Par- 
mafite^ nor Mumma, I could mention more but 
all worthlefTe in refpe<5l : If you will giue any 
thing elfe, let it be Mumma beaten into pow- 
der and fo giuen with her meate, you fhall finde 
it in the morning in her cafling, and it is very 
good where the other is vnknowne. 


Hawkes and Hawking. 107 

A receipt for a wound or hurt taken either by a 
Dog^ or the clawes of a Hare^ or otherwife. 

TJTAue a fpeciall care that the winde or colde 
-■■ ^ enter not into the wound before you haue 
wherewith to dreffe it ; If it be where you can 
haue foueraigne Balme, there is nothing better, 
that is to be had but in few places : And there- 
fore for want thereof, take a quantity of Spring- 
water, and let it feeth, then take it from the fire, 
and put into it a peece of Rocke-AUum, and 
fome Englifh- Honey, and fo let them diffolue 
in the water, the water being bloud-warme; 
therewithal! wafh the fore, it will keepe it cleane 
from putrifying, and heale it, but ftill be care- 
full that it doth not take cold. 

A medicifufor the Cray. 

THis griefe proceedeth of a hot & dry caufe, 
and it is a dainty cure. Hawes diililled, and 
the meate drawne through the water is 
very good. To drawe your hawkes meate tho- 
rough Cowes milke warme from the Cowe, is 
very good, and fo approued. 

P 2 Another 

io8 Bert's Treatife of 

Another far the fame. 

TVyrilke from the Co we diililled is excellent 
good for that griefe; but thus foUoweth 
the discommodity, it cooleth and hurteth the 
ftomacke. I haue knowne this water vfed for 
the ftone, but the difcommodity was foone 
found. But if you will diflill a pinte and halfe 
of milke, and ivithall an ounce of white Suger- 
Candy finely pounded, it will re6lifie all, it hin- 
dreth not ks property for the Cray^ and yet it 
doth now comfort the flomacke. 

Another for the fame yand the beft of any for the 

T Haue knowne Tome pare the end of a Candle 
-"^to a fmall quantity, and fo put it into her 
tewell gently, and it hath doone good. But I 
vfe Caftle^fope, and thweof cut a peece an inch 
long in manner of a Suppoiita, and fo put it vp, 
and fo leaue it, this is very good : But withall I 
haue pared a little of fuch Sope, and conueyed 
it into the gut of a Foule, being very careful! of 
the cleanely doing it, not knowing whether the 
tafte might offend, or no ; fo doone, I call my 
Hawke, and put it downe, and then I feede vp- 
on it, to make her the better to put it ouer; this 
with the Suppofita will fo open & make glibbe 


Hawkes and Hawking. 109 

the paffages, that you ihall foone finde amend- 
ment in your Hawke. 

Otherwifefor the fame. 

T Was taught to put vp in the manner of a 
^ glifter oyle of Rofes, with a Syrren. 

A receipt for ajlraine or bruife in thefoote. 

'T^Ake a handful! of Mallowes, and boyle 
^ them either with Neates-foot-oyle, Goofe- 
greafe, Capons-greafe, or Hogges-greafe, when 
they are well boyled, ftreine them through a 
cloath, and then mingle with them good Aqua- 
vita, and let them boyle all together a little, 
and therewith annoynt the place. 








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