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Gc M. L 




mSSfJi^^^S ""^TORICAL 


3 1833 01178 2791 








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3vi"rata on :Map. 

The eugravc-r has omitted to indicate '-the Narrows'' in 
the lake, betweerx Basin Harbor aud the opposite shore. 

The liijht-houses at Crown Point and Split Rock are 
omitted, aud also the "Hoisiugton cemetery, " ou the road 
from Westport to Meigsville, where the road (.-rosses the 

The camp at Nichols Pond is on the island in the pond, 
and not at the southern end of the pond. 

The little island just south of Arnold's Landing iscailed 
on the latest Government survey "Ivock Tslaiul." but tlie 
more common name is Chtra's Island. 

{'..i.ijri'jht, J '.'02. /;.■. 

\yill no one t^^ll me wlmi she sing.s? 

Perhrt}>.s t!'.-.- plniutive numbers flow 
For olfl. unhappv, far-ofl' things, 

Aud battles loii<^' ago. 
Or is it some more hiimVih:' lay. 
Ftimiliar matter of tc-dav V 
Some DatvHAl sorrow, loss or \):\ii'.. 
That has hetii. and may V>e a^L^ain ? 

— ff'Mr'/>'//-'"-///'.s' '■lit'oper 


X„unr ,rUI rr.r rn.-r fnr nuj honk „s >//. ,rnn],l hnr, 

If,nl shr Jirr.l, sir ,n,n]<l han}nJj>n/ n,r {n nmh- // 
/ fhr thuH if is. 

Js shr Im.r nil fh. jJro.nrr nf rnl fi rn l,ul fn,rr rs. hnf 
s'iil >rns i.h.<s.-l ,r;f]i nnlhin'l sn nnirh us ^-il], n h.n,<!/nl 
,--f],,-,ril.llnnn,lsnrhhtrhirl:.,,-nn-s nn nnr rnrhii Jnlurs, 
>'... f/u.n,jh sin l.-„r,r /Jn-Usf //.,// >rns in lilrrnlnrr, ]n-r ./-- 
/■■//,/ ;,/ " l...nh .,f ntinr n-nnh] hnrr }>,r„ hr.Jnnil ,U'"sn,r. 
r/'/o',,/A /n,nn, 1 nn ,st r ns.f ,j run nrrtrJ ,rH h f In' soil nf 
l.hirh I irritr. n,nl fn w, <>n^ ,'ls,- ran I </irt' nf ;/ h'>'.l. 

"■ IV jinfrn r )nirj!(ho7'>'i ii:> fyoiii. tlvj iioimr of our .■'fy/.sv.'-.v 
ivhohovcr i/Kik'^,<i fhe pant, thp diato'uf.or thefiUure preJo/rn- 
TioM OVr the -preSP.'of,, »/.<; •,'•?/ f^>:^ 'J.igir''^-ii of 
htxj h^AyHj-i." 

Chronological AccouDt. 

I—Discovery aud ludiuii Oecupatiuu. 
11 — Frencli and Indian War. 
Ill— Gilliland and Bessboro. 
lY — Raymond and tlie Revolution. 

Y— Original Pateut.s. 
Yl- Early Settlement. 1785 to 1815. 
YlI-AYar of 1812. 
Vin-lS15 to Civil \Yar. 
IX— Civil AVar to 1S75. 
X— 1875 to 190-2. 

At tlie Coiit.-iinial ('olebral.ion of the fornifitioTi of 
the county of Essex, N. Y., helJ in Juno of 1S99 at the 
Court House in Elizabetlitowii, preparation was made 
for tlie presentation of tlje history of each town in the 
county. Tlie clioice of the anthtu's of these histories 
was left with the supervisors of the several towns. In 
the of Westport the wi-iter was requested to per- 
form tliis task, which was accordinj^ly attem])ted, with 
very little knowledge of its requirements, and no more 
than a general interest in the subject. Tlnn-e were tw(j 
months in which to write the history. As for mater- 
ial, tliere w as tlie History of Essex County, b^■ VViuslow 
C. Watson, admiralile in ev.."-\ way, but witli iitth' bear- 
ing directly upon the story of Westport, and the later 
history, published in 1S85 by Smith, with several pages 
of rather incoherent information u}).)u the subject. 
'L'l.ien there was the tine Atlas of Essex ('ouutv, pub- 
lisheil in 1876, and a. friend lent me the New York 
Gazetteer of 18C.0. . 1 went to look at IMiss Alice Eee's 
lirst map of the village, ituule in LSOO, and copied the 
letter which she had carefully framed, written bv 
Judge Chai'les Hatch in 1SJ2 iu regard to the earlv 
settlement e.f the town. Mrs. Eraucis L. Lee lent me 
Palmer's History of Lake Chaijq)laiu, and one day 1 
went into th'^ Town Clerk's otiice and took a hastv 
hx.'k at the old book of the town records, copying the 
first entry. \Vith this equipment 1 went to work, and 
wdiat I put together was read at the Centennial. 

It goes witliout saying that even tliis quautitv of ma- 
terial could not have been well digested in two mouth's 
time by a writer entirely new to the ^^■ork, and I found 
myself jjunnted In continual discoveries of the incom- 
pleteness, and, in some particulars, the actual untruth 
of my so-called "history." Tliis was enough to com- 
]ilete the fascination of the subject, and since then it 
has formed u^.y chief mental occupation to tind/iut 
wjiat was leally true about my native town. I grew to 
rts|)cct my sul>ject more and more, and the mere at- 
traction of my own interest seemed to throw in ray way 
material hitherto undreamed of. Cousins in Chicago 
sent ine the |>riceless Ma[< of Skene's Patent Miss 
Alice ]'s tact and energy- succeeded in recovering 
from dt'sc-rts of hopeless unappreciation the map of the 
northern part of the \ illage, made by Diadorus Holcomb 
Un- "old Squire Hatch," a njap of the Iron Ore Tract, 
and iUirr's ma]) of the County for LS29. Mr. Henry 
Haruion Xc'ble, of Essex, chief clerk in the State tlis- 
t<iri;ins' othce, l)eeoming interested in my work, dis- 
covered for me in the othce of the State Engineer and 
Suiveyor the map aiiTT field notes of Bessboro, of which 
he secured certified cojiies,as well as an affidavit in 
regard to Btssboro which forms our princi[)al evidence 
in regar<l to th.- setlleiueut u[>'.)U it. Another map hy 
j'hitt Kogers of the nortlu.u-n patents of the township 
I liad the i^owd fortune to find in the State Engineer's 
otlice, anil received a cojjv of it by the kindness of Mr. 
\Vn). Fierson Judson, Deputy State Engineer. Cous- 
in> at ]>a7,in Hai lior lent nu' faaiilv iianeis mit of an 

old trunk in tlie attic. I myself copied almost the wliolo 
of the old town book, from 1815 to 1875. Mrs. J. L. 
Roberts lent me an invaluable scrap-book containing :\ 
miscellany of information about the Cliamplain valley, 
and also, a prixe which was greeted with delight, two 
copies of the AYestport newspaper published in 1842 an. I 
1843. Hon. Richard L. "Hand afterward presented Miss 
Leo with two more copi ^s, of 18-11 and 1841. Mr. Henry 
Richards lent me four volumes of the Documentary 
History of New York. When I began to study the 
period of Burgoyue, Mr. Henry Harmon Noble seiit 
me from the State Library the following books : Bur- 
goyne's Orderly Book ; Stone's Campaign of Burgoyju-; 
Memoirs of Gen. Riedesul; Journal of Madame Riedesel: 
Pausch's Journal ; and Watson's Pioneers of the Cham- 
plain Yalley. From his ovvu library he seut me Digby"s 
Journal ; Hadden's Journal ; Journals of Major Rul)- 
ert Rogers; Journal of Charles Cnrroll, and after- 
wards Reminiscences of Bishoj) Wadhams, by the Rev. 
Clarence A. Walworth. For tlie War of 1812 I con- 
sulted Tiios. Wentworth Higginsou's History of th..' 
United States ; New York, by Ellis H. Roberts; His- 
tory of the United States, by E. Benjamin Andrews, 
and Military Pajiers of Daniel D. Tompkins, publishe.l 
by the State. Mr. Noble also copied for me some Mili- 
tary orders and records still in mauuscrijit in the State 
archives, and from the papers of his grandfather Gen. 
Ransom Noble. I also received information from the 
War Department at Washington. 

In addition to^these books, and iierhaps othr-rs which 

1 have forgotten, I have had mimberless interviews 
with numberless people. Some have beeu \va3-laid 
upon the street with abrupt and apparently irrele- 
vant inquiries, and some have given me hours of 
delightful reminiscence. For a long time it seemed 
to me that whatever question I asked of anj- one, I was 
told to go and ask Henry Holeomb, which I finally did, 
and v.'as rewanled l\v receiving a vast deal of informa- 
tion. ■ Mrs, William liichards has been of great help to 
me ; so has Mrs. Karriet Sheldon and Mr. James Allen. 
If 1 should recount the names of all the peojjle who 
have answered questions, for me with patience and in- 
telligence I should give something like a list of my 
acqnaintauceri in AVestport. I have also received valu- 
able letters from former residents, of which the most 
detailed and helpful is one from Mrs. A'ictor Spencer, 
.Saginaw, Mich. Miss Lee gave me a package of notes 
and printed slips from Mr. David Tui'ner, of Washing- 
ton, who published the West])ort uewspa[)er in tin' 

Books from which many items of information have 
been obtained are the life of Catherine Schuyler, by 
Mary Gay Hnrnplireys ; Carrington's Campaigns of the 
ilevolution ; Burgoynes Invasion, by Samuel Adam-; 
Drake ; History of the Empire State by Lossing. Al- 
together indispensable has been the article in Scributu-'s 
3Iagazine fur February, 1898, by Alfred T. Mahan, upon 
the Battle of Ijake Chann)lait), and 1 shall often refer 
to Farknuin's volumes u[>ou the history of this region. 

Of more value to me than manv books have Ween the 

exquisite maps of the United States Geological Survey. 
The bulletins of the ]Sew York State Museum have 
been also helpful. ■ 

It is common in town histories to give long tables of 
genealogy, which are always of interest. This I have 
l)eeu entirely unable to do for this book. In a few in- 
stances people have very kindly supplied rne with in- 
formation in regard to their lines of descent, always in 
response to my^iuquirie.s, and these I have been glad 
to print, but to make an exhaustive showing of the 
suliject would require years of work. >Jo one can 
really obtain a perfect understanding of the history o:' 
any town without some idea of the race and descent of 
the people who live in it.aud'especially of those families 
which have remained in it from generation to genera- 
lion. Therefore I will give here a short account of my 
own descent, as one, I think, entirely representative of 
the town. I might have chosen tl)e genealogy of fami- 
lies more distinguished, in remote and recent times, but 
none more typical, and. naturally, ncme upon which 
1 could speak with so' much confidence. 

I can trace three lines of descent fr«)m ''first emi- 
grants.'" — tlie first who came to this continent from the 
old world. 

I will begin witii iny fatlier's family, the Bartons. 
The first whom we know was Samuel Barton, who 
was a witness at one of the witchcraft trials in 
Siilt-m, Massachus-itts, in 1G91. His testimony 
was in favor of the woman accused as a witch 
which we hop.' was n :it th-' rt^snlt of a spirit of contra- 

viuess, but of an unshakable sense of justice. His wife 
was Hannah Bridges, and ho had a large family, his 
youngest sou becoming the ancestor of i\liss Clara Bar- 
ton of the lied Cross. Another son, Joshua, was des- 
tined to have no such distinguished descendants. He 
lived in the towns of Leicester and Si)cnccr, in Massa- 
chusetts, and his wife's name was Anna. They were 
blessed with .^even children, the fourth of whom was 
Timotliy, born in 1732, (and therefore of the same age 
as George Washingt<in,) at Leicester. He fought in 
the Ivevolution, taking up arras at the "alarm of Ben- 
nington," when the approach of Burgoyne threatened 
every home in New England. In 1753 he married 
Hopsibah Stow, and they had also seven children, the 
third of whom v.-as named Timothy Stow, and who en- 
listed at Charlton, Mass., iu 1775. He married Phebe 
Stone, and tliey i)ad no less than nine children. After 
the Ivevolution they were stirred by that ])ioneer spirit 
which moved so many at that time to emigrate west- 
ward to newer lauds, and they moved to Bolton, on Lake 
George, where the rest of their lives was spent, and 
where they now lie buried. Theiroldest son was Simon, 
and he it was who first canje into Essex county, settling 
on a farm in Moriah in 1812, and living there the rest 
of his life. He was a deacon in the Baptist church. 
His wife was olive Gary, and it is through her that 
black eyt-'s and hair came into the family. The origi- 
nal Bartons were lilue-cyed. Simon Barton had a large 
family, Well-known in this section. Perha])s the best 
known of the skus who rfniaincd in Essex countv wa^ 

Dr. I>yui:i]n3aito)i. of \Vill>aior(.. Tlio ol.lest sou 
William, who settled in Crown Point. His son, .loLi, 
Nelson, came to Westoort as a yonn^u; man, and lias 
spent the greater {lart of his life here as a ear)-iage liia- 
ker. Oar line- of Bartons seem to haxchefni mainly 
artisans, always fond of working Nvith tln-ir hands. 
When one of them has beeome a }djysit-ian, we often 
remai-k that he is likely to m;dce a specialty of surgery, 
showing this iid)orn tpudency. A love of music also 
runs through t\u- family but we fancy it is shown 
more in the delight of making it u}i<>u an instrunn^nt 
than in that of simply hearing it. 

The Sawyers shcAV characteristics (juite dift'ereut from 
these. A real Sawyt-r,- we say, can n<dther make a 
hoot-jack nor play the tidille. If any one (jf the nann; 
has thes.;^ talents, it comes m through some other ances- 
tor. 'J'he first S.iwyer of whom we know anything pos- 
itively is Thomas, h.trti in Lincolnshire, P^ig., in IGlo. 
He came to Massachusetts in 1639 and settled in Lan- 
caster, where he died and was huriei!, as his tonilistone 
still stands to attest. In the attack ui)on Lancaster dur- 
ing King Philip's Wai-, his son Ejdiraim was killed by 
ludians, and from that-^lay until the Indian was dri^•en 
west of the ]Mississip|.i, thcrt^ was always a Sawyer 
fighting Indiaits. John, eighth in a familv of nine 
children, moved to Tiyme, (Nmnecticut. His son Ed- 
ward, boru at Lancaster in 1()S7, following the pioneer 
instincts which seem to mark the famil}', was one of 
ten men w!io first settled tiie town of Hebron, Coul.. in 
ITiU. His son, born at Hebron in IT'Jl, we alw.ivs 

speak of ;is '"I.-aac, tlio Tmliaii tj^hter."' He was twice 
inarrietl. ami our Vine comes from tbe st'cond wife, an 
Irisbwomau ami a MoFarland. (Wheaever red hair, 
elo<jueuee or a sense of liumor develops in auv of our 
race, it is at once ascribed to this Irish ancestress.) He 
emigratf-d w ith liis faUiily into the wilds beyond the 
Hudson river, and settled iu thti wilderness, high np on 
tb.e ^^'est J^rancli oi tlit,' Dehiware I'ivor. He was there 
at the time of the Indian massacres of Wyoming and 
Cherry Valley, but soon remos'ed his family to the fort 
at Schoharie. He and another man were captured by 
four Indi;ins, Ijut kiUed tlnee i>f the Indians and 
wounded tljf fcnirtli, and so esi'ai)ed. Stories are also 
tokl of liis uite's courage in driving Indians away iVona 
the house. His son Isaac was left an orphan at an ear- 
ly age, and it was his lot to l>e a bound boy to a man 
wlio went into the howUng wilderness of northern Ver- 
mont and settled at Mouktou. Tiiis Isaac grew up in 
rouglmess and ignorance, but was destined to be re- 
deemed by the wife lie married. She was Mary Wil- 
loughby, daughter of Joseph Willoughby ,a soldier of the 
devolution and deacon ot a little Baptist church which 
had sprung uji in the wilderness. Isaac became con- 
verted, and tlien, throwing himself into his new experi- 
ence with all the tire of his fighting ancestors, began to 
preach. He knew iiis liible almost by heart, and in 
those days no congregation asked for any better equip- 
ment. Wonderful stories are-told of the power of his 
preaching, and perhaps there is somi:- proof of this in 
the fact tli.ut he had five sons who als.i Ijeeame Baptist 

iiiiuist.M-s, all with iiioro eiluc;ition tlian he-. Ho li;i'l. 
I think, four graiidsoiis who were ;^^^(l preachers, l)ul 
most of tlieiii took to the medieal profession or t<. teueh- 
iu^. He jourueveel over all northern New York and 
Vennont founding ehurelies and preaching. In 18'2s]ie 
came to the V.aptist cliureh in Westjioit, and reinaiiicd 
as ]Kistor six Years. It was while he was here that hi-^ 
son, Milfo .Mcl'^arland, iiiai-ried niv grandmother, Caro- 
line Halstead. 

For niv grandmother's faniilv I must go hack to Hen- 
drick Martcn.sen Wiltse, who came to Now Netherlands 
from Copenhagen in ITioo. There he married Mai'garei 
^leijei's. ainl eaine far n[>theHudson to settle at Es. ipn.-,, 
Theri^ he was oaj^tured hy Indians at the Massa-re of 
AViltwyek. l)nt escaped; and sp< nt the rest of his life 
within the bounds of civilization, on Long Islan<l. liis 
son Mctrtin mtirried !M aria "S'an ^^'v(•k. and had a son 
?>IaitiMi who renio\ed (o Duchess county as ori.-: of the 
earliest setth-rs, and became on<^ of the subst.'ititia] 
Dutch farnxM's along the Hmlson. Flis wife's name 
was Jannetje Snychim. and his youngestdaughter, Eyda. 
laflerwa.i-d Angliei/ed to Jda.)was born aftei- her father's 
death, in IT-tC. In Mi'A she married IMatt Rogers, and 
in ITN'.' nn.ved with hite to l)usin Ilaibor. on Lak< 
( hanii>l.on. J-')'<im thi^ line of \\'dtses comes .-i strai:; 
<'f the ai't-loviiig, conteiii jflative, moiie v-uiald ng ])utch 
blond, in str<aig contrast to ihe hardy contempt of 
ln\nr\- f<-nnd in tlie Turijaii Saw vers. 

The f.ither of IMatt Kog( rs was nanie-d Ananias, and 
he lived at llunliegtnn, L,.ng I.Iand. We fondly le-p- 

to jH'ove soiu.^ Jay that lie tU-sc.-nd.-.l {coia Tliouiii.s 
llogers of the ^Mayflower, wlj.x^c son William niovod to 
J^DUg Jslaiul ami there had a nuiueious iauiily--f;u- to(; 
imuieiou.s for the eoiufort of thu toiling genealogist. 
'J'he liogersos were closely conneeted with the Phitt.s, 
and when the latter nioved fr«>ni LongJsh.ihd intoDuch- 
ess county, before the Jlevulntion, Piatt Jlogers went 
also, and so met and married Eyda. Wiltse. He served 
in the Continental army during t)ie llevolutiou, and was 
afterward one of |)ie "twelve patriarclis" of JMattsburgli, 
who founded th:it town in 1780. In 1789 he moved to 
Ihisin Harbor, <.n the Vermont shore of Lake Cham- 
pI.iiiK opposite We.-tpMrl. He had eight ehil(h-en, and 
of his four sons not inif,- t-ver married, so that there is 
to-day no descendant of hi- bearing the name of Rogers. 
His daughter Phebe niarrievl John Halstead., who sold 
a farm in Duchess county to follow the fortunes of the 
faiiiily in this legion. (His daughter liha ma rried James 
A\'inans, and her deset-ndant^ still liv.^at Hisin Harbor, i 
TM.ftt Rogers ami hi- associates in a huge land com- 
pany i-wned S!;--ne"s patent, on Northwest Pay. upon 
which the vill-ige of Wrsfport -nuv stands. After the 
• hath of Pl.-itt le.g,.rs. in 17'.tS'. ;, portion of this lan.l 
f>ll t.. hi> dau-ht.-r I'heb,., ;uid so John llal.-^tead moved 
over th'- lake into tli.- n.-w Sfttl.-ment, and Ids w;is the 
tir.-^t frame hou.^.- bnill in tin- villag.', in bSOO. It was 
his d.aughf.'i,Car«. line I-:ii/a. who mai-ried Miles Mrpar- 
huid Sawy,-r. Tl'.eii daughter. Phi-i)e Maria, njarried 
JfJm Nflson Parton, and n..w we have brought all 
thi -•• ani-.->.traI lie.- t^ thrii m.'. tiiiLT ["'int in Westp<»i't. 

Mv sirttei'aud I e-ui cliiiiu to have been Ixn-n liere f.-r 
three gHi)ei-;itious, with ancestors in tlie C'hiimiilaiu 
valley since ITS"). 

Such a description of eacli of t!ie old families in the 
township would show, I have concludt;d from my own 
knowledge of them, a marked similarity. A great pre- 
y)Oiiderance of pure English blood, coming here aft.-v 
<Teuerations of residence in New England, is a charac- 
teristic common to all. The dash of Irish blood is not 
uncommon, buf the Dutch strain is less often met with. 

As for the Iloyces, theirs is a New England hunily 
too. The tirst record i.-^ at Lyme, Connecticut, on J;ong 
Island Sound, from' which place they moved up tlie 
Connecticut river, settling a.t AValpoU^, N. H. From 
that place came William Toyce. eaily in the last cen- 
tury, acioss the state of Vermont to L:dve Champlain. 
and toidv the ferry fi-oui Dasin Harln.r to ll.ock Marbor. 
At that time tiiere was a well-traveled road run.iiin.g t'- 
the north acios.s the Split Ilock ridge, from the hmd- 
ing iit liock ILai-l'or to Essex. i>y tliis loule eanie 
many of the* early setflei-s from New England into 
Essex, and some of the New Hampshire ]unees owmd 
tracts of land in Ess.'x.. William Royce settled ii['on 
this road, on the wt-stei ii slope of tlie Split Kock nn-nnt- 
ains. He was farniliariy called 'T^ildad"" among lii> 
neighbors, and the old road, lotig since disus<nl. is still 
spoken of as the -'old Bildad road." William lloyc- 
had sons and tl;uighters, and liis descendants now form 
a huge and clannish familv connertion in the town- of 
J'.ssex and W.->ti.ort, inlei man i-d with the Math-.r- 

ami StatVonls aii-l Sarl'oril^ aiul Walkers, an,! ..ilj^i (,M 

This book \V()aM never lia\<.' \)Oj'.u writUu or priiito'l 
exce])t for the eiithu^iastiu cucoiii'a^euieiii <>f Mrs. 
]-'r;incls L. J^t-e, whost; recjit death has been such a 
loss to thr eommnuity. Hrrself the aiiihor of the oul\ 
t)ther Ijool; fver publishr-il liy a Westporl woman, lu.u' 
interest in this hi.'storv ntj\;n' failed, and my pleasnie 
in seeing- it in piint is dimmed by the thmight that it 
ean now brin.i^ tiO''j>|easiire to hei'. 

(.)ne word more. I have v\ritien this histor\' for niv 
(.iv.ii tov. n>pe. >j'h' hist (,t all- th.ose who will care most 
for it, and who will \nt most eharilabh- in their ju»V;- 
ments. If I have made aii_\ mistakt- in it — and 1 do 
not know of anything .so t asy to do as making mistakes 
(nnles.s possibly it may be se.'ing the mistakes (if otln-r 
peoplei— [ hope t'lat it win \u'. considered a duty, and 
a kindm .^s ty. iut\ to eali n.y attmiion to it. If T have 
put any e>iu'"s grandfatlni- in tlie wrong ])lare, or omit- 
Icil anUldng whatv'\er that som.:> [»erson would like to 
>fk' printed in a histor\ of the town, 1 hoijc 1 shall 
bt,> told of it. r.e sure rliat 1 shall not i)r sur[.iisfd nt 
any such eori-ction, foi th;' p'>int of view of one jierson, 
ami that p.•r^^on by ni^. uu-aiis accustonicd to be in tln^ 
ei'iitcr of public cViMit^. ra\, not be cxptctc»l to takt; in 
cvi-rything. it ma}- \':— if children wy f.)r it. as (lad 
Hamilton >aid- tlmi tlit-re will lie another tMlition som.- 
dav, with additions and. corrections. 

And f..r the lest-- let mv little book be- read, as in- 
de^di u h;i- [,..•, a; wilttec. in the -^iiirii of thi^ ouotati.-r. 

fi-oiu a Al;'-str'i' of Arts oiatJ.Mi at a Hai\aifl C(->iiiuieiiee- 
jueiit. ]iy ri'>l>frt jKiitlcft.— 

''We ave lookin;.^ abioa,! ami had: after a literature. 
Let us c-oiiie and live, aiul knew in living a liigli 
])ljy and faitli; s<. sliall wo find now, here, the oletnents, 
juid iu our own i;o<>J souls the tire. Of every storiod 
bay and elitl" wi.' will make soinethinir infinitely i]ol>Ier 
than Sala,ui> or [Marathon. This pale Massaeliusetts 
sky, thi^ saiidy soil and raw win<l, all shall nurture u>. 
I'niihr nil Ijn in.rl.J hvjurv ns, nnr mm ,/,/, ,uh1 J<n„l sjmjl 

West)>ort-on-Lake-Chain})lain, January, 1902. 

God giveth u.s KemtMnbrance as a shield 
To carry into wi»rfaro, of u cloak- 
To keep us warm wlu'ti we walk forth uloue 
Tis never irood uor bk'ssed to foriret. 


oi:ni-:uai. i )i:s(']iii^'n< )N. 

TTestport .is a lavj^e, tliirily settled to\vii<liip in tlie 
Adirondack region of ii>nthern New Yrtrk. It is onn 
of tlie eighteen towns of the most mountainous counry 
in the state, — that of Es<ex. Essex county has spw-n 
towns v.liic-li horder on Lake Charni>hii)i, and of thnse 
AVest{)ort is the eentrai (jnc. Its southern boundai-y is 
very nearly coincident with the parallel (^f 41 deg. noitti 
latitud.'. 'Jdiis parallel crosses Lakes Huron and Mit-h- 
igan, and. ilio state of Oregon, touches th.- city of Avig- 
non, in the south of France, and crosses tla- (rulf of 
(ienoa. I'he meridian of V\'ost]>ort lies but ween ~ 
and 43 - east of Washiiiuton. 

1' . HISTORY nr wEsrroirr 


Tlie iiauit' of Westport ^\ as givoii to the to\\ii in 1815, 
jii'ter it li;i(l IvUinvii at least tliirty years of recorded 
liistorv. ^Ncthiii^,^ is aioi'e unlikely tbati that it was 
named, after the I'^.ii^^lish Westport, in l^tjVDjishire, near 
Plyiuouth,— tlie ^^'estpol■t frv>ai which Sir Francis 
Drake set sad f'>r the 8i>al!i^;h main. NeitheM- ^VHS it 
named from the town on bea\itiful Clew liay, in the 
west of Ireland, in Conuau^ht, -where was the family 
sea.tof that Tjcrd ^A'estport wlio hatl Thomas de (^nineey 
for his tut(->r. It is true that 'William Gillilaud was an 
IrislniKUJ, and tle\t if any man had a rit!;ht to name this 
tosvn, that rii.>:ht was his, bnt he never called it NTest- 
port. His name f..r the jdace was I'.ESSr.OKO, after 
his daughtf'i- r,lizal)eth. 

This nanu- we have taken the lil)erty to restore upon 
our title-])ag(' and cover. (.)f all the twelve original ])at- 
ents into which tin- soil of our township was divided, as 
they were j^ianted l.y ]>ritish kinp; oi' American Congress, 
(ine onl\ was named and setth-d by the man who first 
owned it, and that v.-a.s Giililand's IJessboro. Upon it 
stood the first settlement, and the only one lu-fore the 
Eev(dnti()i!, which Ijroke into the moiK)tony of the 
]n-imev;il forest. Had iln^ prificely plans oi Cxilliland 
been fultilled, the (pniint and {)retty wouhl never been ehan,L,'iHl. ?Tad (ieoru;e the Ihird of Eng- 
land bet'ii a Sensible ujan, had Benedict Arnold bt^en an 
honest one.- in a word, if tlu^ jnoneer work of William 
tlillilaiid I, ad not bee.n swept (dean out of the Cham- 

nisT(>in' OF wrsrroirr 

\»\ixni valley by tju; rl)l) atiJ iiow of tlie tiaes (jf tlio 
. Uevolution. the place wouK] still be; kuown by the 
household luiiiio of the little daughter. It pleases us 
to recall it, with its suggestion of family alTecti<;u and of 
baronial rights, and we otlV;]- it to the nii^nKn-y of one 
of the niost romantic and pietuiesquo figures in the 
liistory of this region. 

"Elizai-ie'Jitowu" is oiily a paraphi'ase of "13essbor(j," 
more stately and less niu.sical. It was chosen for the 
title of the new township erected in 171)8, eoiuj)rising 
the present tow)ishi[)s of Elizabethtown and West[)i>rt. 
It was tlien thirty-four years siuce Gilliland's tirst en- 
trance into the Chaniphiin valley as a colonizer, and he 
himself had been dead two years, but his claim to c<;)n- 
sideration was still recognized in the choice of a namf. 
It is thought that those who named the township at 
that time meant to Inmor the wife of Gilliland, riither 
than his daughter, whfj bore the same name. 

That Elizabeth, by tiic way, who has been so honored 
in our Jiomeuclature married Dfiniel Eoss, Eirst Judge 
of the C\)nrt of Common Pleas of Essex county, and 
many of her descendants are still living in the eounty. 
Slie was a child only one or two years old in ITbl, 
when the patent of Dessboro was first >urveved ;ind 
named, auel was at that time (xiililamrs youngest child, 
though Milnns were born afterward. 

The villageof Westjtort uas oiiginally calle<l "North- 
west Ea\," taking its iMinjefrom theliay at the head of 
whieh it stands. This bay is on.- of the hugest on th-- 
iakf, aja! uas named \rj\ earlv iij its hi>t.)rv. The 

4 iiisTujiv OF wi:sTr<)Rr 

Fieiii-]i eallf d it "Baiu des TtocliPr rtndus,"or "Bay oi' tlio 
Split Kocks," and it is so marked on Sauthier's iiia]> of 
1779. It is iutciestiii,L;- to noto how plainly this uame 
iudicates the aj)])roacli of the FitMu h discoverers from 
the north. -When the early explor.:n-s had r^ccasion to 
refer to the bay, they said, "It is that great bay which 
you enter after passing Split Rock, keeping to the deeji 
Avator along t-he cliffs, as a careful sailor naturally Mil!.'- 
On the other hand, tlie name of Northwest Ba^' shows 
just as clearly the approach of the English from the 
south. The bay west of Crown Point ft)rt, to which 
we now give the old name of Bnlwagga,-- was then 
caileil West Bay, ;tnd it seems ji'ain that Northwest 
Bay was named by the ]-h)glisli with reference to this, 
reckoning the points of the com}>ass from their most 
im])ortant post, Crown Point. 

Tliough otficially nameil We.^tpoit in LSb"), the vil- 
lage lelained its e;irly name for njany \ears. As late 
as ISiO We tind mentionetl t:ven in the town records 
both Northwest iJay and Pleas;int Valley y{\u' oV\ naaie 
of Elizabethtowni. Old people to this day speak of 
going to"tlie ^'alley," andto'"the Falls," anil, es{ieciall\- 
if they live on the high lands neai- the Ijlack Itiver, 
••down to the l-ay." Old letters are still preserved 
directed to '•Northwest Bay, Eliz d)etlitown."" written 

*KOTK. Governor George Clinton called it "BuUwagen Bay," Jure 13. 17S0, in 
a letter to Washing-ton, (Clinton Papers, MSS. Doc. No. 2970,) and also ia a ItUer 
to Gen. Ho%ve,June 14, 1780, ^C. P. %'j-i,') and in a Ittterlo Col. Robert \an Rens- 
>elaer, (date aboutjune 2, 17^.) writes, -Your letter of last night dated at Bull- 
wa^jtn Bay." This \v;is during,'- the pursuit of Sir. John Johnson afur he had his 
raid on Oic Muhawk valley, aiui was makiii^jf his escape to C"anada. 

-Lctt.jr from H. a. XOBI.E. 

jnsToh'Y OF WKsrroirr a 

before the days of posL-office st!Uii]is, auil eviileiitly ia- 
tcjideJ to be ean-iod by private ine-jseuger. 
- The tt)wnship of Westport contains two post- 
offices, Westport iuicl Wadhanis Mills, the latter 
built upon the falls of the ]5o(iuet river, in the 
nortliern' part of the town. This villuge was named 
after Genei'al Limian Wadhaius, an early resident and 
ruill-ov.uer, who wa^ prominent in the annals of the place. 
It is likely that the present name was given to our 
town by "old Judge Hatch." who wrote his name 
"Cha-rles Hatch, lilsquire," and was a leading tigure in 
oivr ancient history. Hv was one of a committee of 
three appointed to run the line dividing the original 
Elizabetht(jwu, which stretched from Keeue to the shore 
of Lake Champlain, into two townships, the eastern of 
which was the present. Westport. Traditi(jn has not 
handed down to us the names (jf the other members of 
the committee, but it is plain that ''the old Squire," as 
we call iiim, must have known tin.' choice and agreed to 
it. A wihl fancy suggests that one of that committee 
was a Scotchman, born near the \\'est Port of Edin- 
burgh, an I had aiicestors wlio were "v^ut in the '45," 
and s.uig, (if the song was written then,) 

••TlKMi up with tin" West l\nt an' k't us ^mc free. 
And Its lio! fur \Uv honu.-ts of liouuie DuikI.h':"' 

Ibit thi' reason for the name is obvious enougli, and 
tiie committee were not trying to be original. Doubt- 
less thny relisjied the commercial sound of the "port'" 
and saw visions of tin' harbor Hlled with sliipping, and 

*i uisTdUY OF \vi:sri'<)irr 

i^f'.'it liclies (.'oinini;' fi'oui the iron niincs. T\\v\ had 
never s.-en the j^^eopiaphieal g.-i-ctteer of 19U0, with col- 
niiiu i'ftei- cohmui of ;iii unhrolceii successuon of places 
named Westj)ort ! We mav hxjk iqion it now as an iu- 
terostinj^ hmgnage-proof that an Essex cinudv lake 
tt.wn, in the ohl days, always looked to the lake for its 

r.orxi >AiM i:s. 

\\'est[)oit is hounded on the nmih by the towns of 
Lewis and Essex, on the east hy the state of Vermont, 
on the south by tiie tiu\ n of ^^loiiah, and on the \\e8t 
by the towji of Elizabe^htll^vn. 

The north boumhiry is :< straight line, inn bv snrvev- 
or"s ehain and eoiufiiss. It was intende-d t. . be a due 
east-and-uest lin.', but nMiu- to the inipeifeetions of 
saiveyors" in>tnui).>nts In the eight. •••ntli e.nturv, when 
the line was run. it has a sliglit inclination to the in)rtlj- 
t-ast and sonth-u t-st.''' 

•NOTE Wnile studyinir the- s-jbjci-t of the old town lines, a. letter was received 
from Mr. Wui. Pierson Jiidion. Deputy State Kni;incLT, with the following ex- 
planation : 

"The iine< which jrc shown on the Unitnl States Geological Survey maps 
;ireTrue, (or aitrunomica',) Nrth-am! South and True E;ist-and-West, whilethe 
old lines, to which vou rcfir. are the muKnelie East-and- West lines of iryj 
The deviation >.f t!ie»e old lines i^ the ma^-netic declination of the needle at the 
Uiiie the surveys were made. The (juestion as to how much this declination was, 
and what the correct d-.rection of thcie lines should be, is one which has been, and 
row i.s, before the Courts, ar.d has been the subject of much discussion and many 

This letter is intended to uns^tr t'.i.- question in a Kmcrai way, and is net to b,- 
taken a.s s; ecitialU a; (..>mi' t.. .r.v ;;:it' lir.e (.r 5-.t of lines. 

iiisToin' OF WKSTj'oirr 

It wculJ Hppcar from some ol J records thai the north 
line was originally intended to ru)i to the mouth of the 
Black river, but if i^o, a change was made at some time 
unrecorded, perhaps when a new survey rectified the 
lines of the patents. 

We learn from tho old town records that in 18 iS our 
uortheru boundary was in danger. At the town meet- 
ing in March every voter gave his voice in siipport of a 
resolution settijig forth that the citizens of Westport 
did protest against a petition from the towji of Essex 
to the state Legislature, which petition prayed that a 
strip one mile wide of our domain should be set oif to 
our uortheru neighbor. Our supervisor, then John H. 
Low, was authorized to send a copy of the j'esolution 
to our Piepresentative at Albany,' and the measures 
taken were plainly suflicient to prevent further aggres- 
sion from the north. - I do not understand this at all, 
init I sii-<}iect a "scho'ol lioustj war,"" over a school dis- 
trict which lay in both towns. 

The eastern boundary is the irregular and invisible 
lin--', .drawn throngh the waters of Lake Charnplain, 
which marks the division between New York and Ver- 
mont. If is not e(]uidistant from shore to shore, but 
f .Hows the channel, or deepest part of the lake. The 
towns east of this line are Ferrisburgh and Pauton, in 
Addi-«)n county, Vt. 

Th*- southern boundary is a straight line, except for 
a small jog on the east side of Bald Knob, made for the 
sake of consistency with the lines of some of the lots of 
the Iron Ore Tract. This Hue was run in 18-19. From 

>• iiisroh'Y OF \vi:srrnirr 

]S1.-) to LS^O thrh.uiULlary was adingoha! liur frmn tlu' 
soutli-.-ast ec>rii..ri)f Eli/alM:'t!it.)u ii to -'the olrl oro-boa 
wliaif." wliicli w as tlio teiTniiius of on.- of the roatU frotu 
tlieChf-everon'-l)*-!. This iu^'huh^.l IliMKnoh .iiid J'art- 
k'tt poii.l, as woll as tho busy mining settlement of "the 
Chcevor." ■ As a lar-er and hirger popuhitiou dustererl 
around the mine shafts, there was, of course, an iu- 
eiersL'd nujnber of voters, who were obliged to g(^ to the 
village of Westpojt, eight or nine miles away, to cast 
tlieir votes. With a polling ])laee only two miles away, 
at Port ITeni-y, (his eame to seem quire al>surd, and 
steps were soon tak.m to set off this southern tri;iugle 
to the town of .^I.uiah. Our j.resent sinithern bound..- 
ry was determined bv the sontliern line of Gilliland's 
];essboro. as direeted by the act of tbe Legislature 
whieh made the ehange. 

Tiie northern });ut - ■!' tie' western boundary follows 
th>; eour.-.e of th^e Idaek liver, "as it winds and tarns." 
The t(nvn line is nol in the middle ■ f the stream, but 
follou s the eastern b;.nk. Consequently every bridg.^ 
\\hieh crosses Blael: river is upon Elizabethtown terri- 
tory, an.l must be built and repaired at the expensi' 
ct that town. Thi-, caimv arrangement is due to the 
shrewtlness of Squire Hatch, bent upon the advantage 
of his own town, while the eoinmis^ionprs from EH/.a- 
l»ethtown thought only of keeping control of as much 
of the water power a.s po.~>.-,il,.li;,^:- 

e\OTK. Aftor this W.I 

I.. Brow.), -.iilor.i tne ( ^•.h■.^h roil 

t!cn. apptarc i .n the iilizabethtown Post (Georfft 

the history of this Louri'larv 


AN ACT for dividing Eli^abethtow^, in the Ccninty of Essex. 

Passed March 24, iSij. 

I. lie it enacted by the people of the State of New York, represented in Senate 
and Assembly, That from and after the Moud.iy of April next, all that part of 
Elizahethtown, in the county of Essex, bounded as follows, to-wit ; Heginning on 
the north line of the said p;iizabethtown at the mouth of the Black river; thence 
up the said river as it win.!s and turn* on the east shore of S:iid river, until it in - 
t';rsects the south line of Mor<:an'» patent; thence due south to the north line of 
Moriah; thence easterly on said line of Moriah to the ore bed wharf ; thence east 
to tlie cast line of this State; theuce northerly on the east line of this State to the 
south-east corner of Essex; thence west on ths south line of Essex to the place of 
beginning be. and hereby is erected into a separate town, by the name of Westport, 
and that the first town meeting be held at t)ie dwelling house now occupied by 
Charles Hatch, in said town. 

II. Be it further e'nacted, that all the reir.aininjir part of EHzabethtown shall be 
and remain a separate town by the name of EHzabethtown and that the next town 
meeting shall be held at the dwelling house now occupied by Norman Xewell and 
son in said town. 

III. And be it further enacted, That as soon as may be after the first Tuesday 
in April u«xt, the supervisors and overseers of the poor of the said to\vns of Eliz- 
abcth'.own and Westport, on notice first being civen by the supervisors of said 
tor/ns for that purpose, shriU meet together and divide the money and poor belong- 
ing to the town of EHzabethtown previous, agreeable to the last tax list, and that 
each of the said towns shall forever thereafter respectfully maintain their own poor. 

The above is copied from pag;c too of the bound volume of the Session Laws of 
iSi4-iS. The late Judi^e Charles Hatch, who built the fine old brick mansion in 
iS-'S v.hich still stands in the village of Westp'-.rt, who was noted for cunning and 
shrewdness, is credited,with having drafted the above copied law, making the line 
between Klizabethtswn and Westport follow the east bank of the Black River so 
that the former to-.vii v.-ould be obliged to build all thr bridges across that stream. 
However, in due time the matter was tested. It came about that a new bridjic 
was needed across the Black River near the Nathaniel Pierson place just abo\e 
Meigsvillc proptr, there being long and soir.ewhat expensive "approaches" to 
construct each side of the stream. Tlie late Jacob Lobdell, son of Captain John 
Lobdeli, of Battle of Plattsburgh fame, was Highway Commissioner in Eli;^abeth- 
town, the late Marcus Storrs holding that office in the town of Weilport. Action 
wascoin«enced in March, 1S70, to compel the town of Westport to stand lialf the 
expense of conitruciing tlie bridge, approaches, etc. Richard 1... H»nd acted as 
counsel for Elizabelhtown, Waldo, Tohey & Grover acting in behalf of Westport. 
The matter in dispute was finally referred to Peter S. Palmer, the late well-known 
Plittsburgh lawyer and historian. He decided, in accordance with the general 
stitute applying to such cases, that the towns of Elii ibethtown and Westport 
Were jointly and equally liable to the expenses incident to bridge construction, etc., 
along the Black River town lino. Reference to page 50 of the pamphlet of proceed- 
ings of tlie Board of Supervisors for the year 1S74 shows that a judgment for $.^00 
wus jiaid by Wc.-.tporL. 

i(t . iiusTonY OF wKSTrmrr 

The soutlioiii i)ait of the western bouudary is a 
straiglit line Jrawu from the ]3hick river to the south 
line of Elizabethtown. The point at M-hicli this lino 
touches tlie Black river is also the point at which the 
river is touched by the north line of Skene's patent, 
and was determined by that fact. This was intended 
to be a due north-and-.~,outh line, but it has the same 
variation as all the early patent lines, a slight inclina- 
tion to the north-west. 

There was a dispute over the location bi the south- 
western corner of the t<nvn after the ii'on mines near 
!Miueville began to rir-e in value. All the boundary lines 
were very clear on the map, but standing among the 
rocks and trees on the mountain side, it was not so easy 
to prove just where tlie early surveyors had intended 
tliem to run. So a new survey was ordered, and it was 
discovoed that the selikineut which had l^oen from the 
first ctdled "Seventy-five," because it was believed to 
lie upon Lot No. 75 of tlie Iron Ore Tract, in Eliza- 
bethtown, actually lay upon Lot No. 48 in Westport 
and Lot No. 47 in Moriah. There was a feeling of 
gratification in \Vest[Kiit at the time to tiad that she 
liad a larger share than was supposed in this rich terri- 
tory, and it is curious to retlect how little it matter!^ 
now. None 'of our ancient border wars would be pos- 
sible to-day. They wt;re all brought on by economic 
conditions no longer to lie found. The water power (jf 
the Black river is now worth no one's scheming. "The 
Cheever" and '-S.-v-'nt y-fivc" put no large taxes into the 
hands of the i.-olleeior, nor do thev furnish voters for 

iiisrom' or wr.srroirr ii 

town rueotiiHj; day. K.itlior lias the twwn dulf-cl oul its 
iiitvigvc charity io the poor who ^vel•t• left .straii'.letl at 
St'veiity-fivc for Years aftei- the mines shut ihjwii. To- 
day I believe tliert.' are no more souls to be found there 
than lived on the dry, hilly farms before ore l)egau tt> 
be raised from the 'I'lion^i^srai shaft, and the short, briglit 
dav of its jii'osperity dauiied. 

CivinL;; uieasuremonts whicli do not claim to be exact, 
but close enough to give a good general idea of the ex- 
teiit of the town, the length of the north line is about 
nine iniK's, and that of the south line live miles. From 
the ncjith-east cornel-, ^\here the Essex line tout-lies the 
lake, to the south-AVest cornel' at the mining hamlet of 
"Seventy-tlve,"" as tlie crow flies, it is about thirteen and 
one-half miles. If the same crow should tiy from the 
month of iJlack river to the IMoriah line, he would go 
a littlf less than nine miles, and if he tfew from the 
month of the brooK in the village, straight west from 
the lake shore until he came to the town line at 
l>lack rive)-, he wouM go f(>ur and one-half miles. Fly- 
ing frotn Nichols ]>ond, straight east to FlutV Point, he 
wonldgotive and a half irjjles. J)ismissing the crow 
fi'om our service, if a boy in a rowboat took a fancy 
to follow every curve of the shore line, he might row 
eighteen miles in ^^'est^)ort waters. Before ^Moriah 
was ceded a jiart of our tiM-ritin-y in LS19. he might ha\e 
rovvi'il tweiitv. 

1:? lusTniiY OF \vi:sTi'()irr 

Westport cannot bo .^aiJ to be densoly popalated 

The censu.s of lOUO reports t]ie total ])opnlatioii as one 

thousand seven hunared twenty-seven (1,727). This, 

for a township containing about tliirty-five thousand' 

acres, ^ives pl^'uty of breathing space. But the main 

body of the popuUition i.s gathered within -an area of 

not more t],an half the total aereag.,-- perhaps it would 

not be incorrect to say within out-third. The vilhio-e 

of Westport is reckoned to contain live hundred .ixty- 

three suuls, and AVadhams Mdls .>,.e hundred sixty. 

At the last presidential ..kx-tion, held in 1900 there 

were one hundred and six votes east in the iirst or 

northern district, and two hundred and sixty-nine iu 

the second or southern district, making a t.>tal of three 

hundred and seventy-fi\e. 

Westport is not as thickly settled as it was fifty venrs 
ngo, as vvdl be seen by the fuHowIng ligurus: 

On J]arr'smap.of Essex countyrpubli.hcd in IS'^O 
the popuhUion is given as one thuusund three hundred 
twenty-two (1,322^ The t.wn at that tin.e inchuled ll., 
southern portion, containing the Chcevcr ore-bed s,H 
otf to Moriah in 1S40. It. Isi5 the j.oj.ulation had in- 
creased to f.vo thousand ninety-four (20;)1). Before 
the next census the area of the township had been di- 
minished by thelo.s ...f the territory menti<.ned, but 
nevertheless we reached the highwat.-r mark of two 
thousand three hundrc'd tifty-two (2:]o2i. ^^•estport 
H'ls never coine up to tlmt level since, jf ^,^\{\,^ ,,.. 
-"'mb.uvd that J.ek.on ..p.n.d his luruave in IS IS 

nisTiih'Y or WKsTj'oirj- 7.v 

and tliose were the ,tr;il;i Jays of tlio iron busiuess. For 
I lie next tweiity-fivo ^ears the }>0}mlatioii varied a> 
folio u-.s : 

1850 --2352. 

lS5c5,— 20n. 

18G0,— 1981. 

1SG5 -1GS7. ■ :., 


1875—1981. ill 1875 the census taker enrolled all the 
men employed in working upon the railroad, which 
would explain the increase. 

Tiie Supervisors' Report of 1900 gives the exact num- 
ber of acres in town as thirty-four thousand five hun^ 
dred eighty-five (34,585). The total valuation of real 
estate is set down as 8728,815. Of course it will be 
un-lrrstood that this is the assessed valuaticn, for pur- 
poses of taxa!i(Mj. The actual value, or selling ])rice of 
a farm or a house is often double the assessment. Per- 
.^onal ]n-o])erty i,> given as 883,200. and this should be 
multiplied at least by three to express actual condi- 
tions. The census of 1900 shows a in;i,rked increase in 
the vahu' of property over that of 1890. 

PIK )I )rc'lTc )NS. 

Our pr(->ductions are ina-jdy agrieulturah- hav, oats, 
potatoes and applet, with milk. butt-T and wool. Nf> 
iron has l)een mined or manufactured f(>v manv vears. 
TainiI.e!' is sawed and shii'ped in moderate ([uantities. 
<-lii«'tlv from the tiiilb ;it Wadhams. 

^4 iiisrouY OF \\'i:sri'(,irr 

There arc still some of Ihu (jiL-iint liotii.> iu.lustrics of 
colonial times carried on among us to a small extent. 
Some homespun woolen yarn is knit into lieavy socl<.s 
and mittens, which are brought iut(^ the stores at Wad- 
hams every fall. Warm ;.nd durable Ihey are, too, 
every i)air worth three that nre factory W(,.ven. These 
are often made by the older women, who were 
taught the homely jtrt of knitting in their childhood. 
The girls nowiida3snnike'a]attenbuigir" lace "throws," 
to hang on the corners of picture frames. 

The weaving of rag carpets on a hand loom is still a 
thriving industry, though the number of weavers is few. 
The massive looms are veiy (juaint and interesting, and 
the skill of the weaver is still that which was required 
before tlie days of steam inveiition. Perhaps tliere are 
a half dozen of these primitive Icjonis in town, none of 
them built within sixty years, and sr.nio of them very 
much older than that. I know of but three which are 
now fitted for vv(jrk. 

Of the extinct industries, the most unusual was the 
liiaking of clay pipes. At Colk^ Cay, near the place of 
the early llaymond settlement, lived an Kngllshmau bv 
the name of James Smith, alw;iys distingiiislnnl bv the 
tith; of Smith. He ami his sons for years 
i.nide the old-fashioned elay j.ipes, in a shop at one end 
of the farm house. The ].ipe clay eame from New 
Jersey, and the jupos were burned in a kiln attached t.j 
the house. The Inirning was an operation retpiiring 
much skill and ].a[ience. This was the onlv placci 
i»ciwe,;n Albany ; .Montr. -d when- elay pipc>, were 

///sTo/.'v OF wKsrroirr lo 

made. Tlie business was kept U]> until some time in 
the eij^lities. 

All the brick buililiij<.'s in town were made from brick 
of our own manufacture, but none of them have been 
built within thirty years. To-day no one builds of any- 
thing but wood, and the bricks for foundations and 
chimneys come in on the railroad. There were, at the 
time of our <^reatest prosperity, a number of brick-yards 
in town, and all agree that the material was of the best. 

One unusual industry is that of gathering ginseng 
root in the woods, to be sold at a bigli price and sent 
to China. There is a little spruce gum gathered to be 
sold every year. ]More ini])ortant than eitlier of these, 
though small, is the trade in the skins of furbearing- 
animals. Every spring several thousand pounds of 
maple sugar are made. 

'' 'gkoi.ogy. 

l\>v the geology of West))ort I am entirely indebted 
to a bulletin issued in 1805 by the Kew York State 
Museum, called "The Geology of Moriali and Westport 
Townships," by James Furman Kemp, in which it is 
said that 

"The geology of the eastern Adirondacks presents 
niauy problems of interest. The townships along Lake 
Champlain contain within their borders the contacts 
of the labradorite rocks - Cgabbros, iiorites and anor- 
tliosites) with the quartzose gneisses and crystalline 
linit'stones ; and the later-formed unciinforn^abilities 
of nil thr-sf uith the Totsdam sandstone of the ['[^pcr 

ifi jiisTouY OF WKsrroirr 

Cambrian. 1'he crystalline rocks of the Archean invito 
study of botli igneous iiiid ruetarnorpliosed forins, while 
along the old shore lino are the Cambro-Sihuian sedi- 
ments, UDchnuged, not much disturbed and rich in 

This will not be especially ilhiininating to the aver- 
ago un-geologic reader, but the language of this science 
has "uuconforniabilities" wliich render it difficult to 
translate. On page 332 we find this : 

"The southern part of Wcstport is mainly gneiss, but 
the northern is all auorthosite and gabbro. The anor- 
thosites have an extended development in Split Rock 
Mountain, and also appear in the southeast. The gab- 
bro is espeeialh- important in the central portion. The 
sedimentary rocks mark the southeastern lake shore. 
The Potsdam, Calciferous, C'liazy and Trenton are all 
well shown." 

In the midter of tiup ilikes it seems that we are 
somewhat deficient, though s>.veral "are exposed along 
tlio lake shore a mile oi' l\so noi'tli of Westport, — and 
others appear in the old iron mines oji the west side of 
the Split Rock ri :ge. Rorpliyries, thi)' known in the 
next t(.)WL!shij) noitii, iiavi- not l)etMi met."' 

As it is (juite {>ONsil)K,' some reader may be in- 
terested in tile di-taiievl deseiiption o{ the "Iron Mines 
of \\'est])ort/" 1 will copy it in full : 

"There are at pie>ent no producing mines in West- 
j)ort, and such as lia\t' Ik'. n op.'nrd have been idle for 
nuLtiy years. J'^xcept i)eriia})s tliti secoiid bed at Nich- 
ols Rcjuti, all that w,' viMti I 'A-iv eharh in th.' gabbro 

iiiSToh'Y or \vi:sTPoirr n 

series, aud {.T;;ive thus every reason to infer tluit they are 
titaniferous, and such analyses as have been avuilabh- 
have carried out this impression. 

"The Nichols Poxd Mines,— These are situated hif,di 
up on a mountainous ridpjo above Lake Champlaiu, and 
just north' of Nichols Pond. There are two beds ; the 
southerly one is in gueissic <:^abbro, and is about 9' 
thick. It strikes nearly east and west, aud dips south 
about SO-. Tlie ore is magnetite mixed with Jioru- 
blende and is lean. The second bed lies more to tlu; 
jiorth, and shows tlie follov.-ing section, with a strike 
and dip .like the last. 1. Hanging wall gueiss. 2. Ore 
r2'-15', sliot ore consisting of magnetite aud quartz. 3. 
Lean ore not worth .se])arating 20', but of same general 
character as 2. \. Compact feldspathic rock, 15'. 5. 
lican shot ore aud quartz same character as 2, not 
worked. G, Foot ^wall coarse gneiss. Tliere was a 
large sejiarator in operation some twenty-live years ago 
at Nichols Pond, and a tiamway ballasted with tailings 
rutis down to the highway to the e.istward. These 
udjies arc in lots IGG and IGS of the Iron Ore Tmct 
and on Campbell Hill. 

"The Lejh.k Hij.l Mines.— This name may not be the 
most common or correct <uie, but it is tlie one given us 
id AVestport. Tlie mines are near the sununit of a hill, 
two milt's west of Westport, and are several hundred 
feet above Lake Champlaiu. They are in gabbro of a 
gueissic habit, but at times (juite massive at points not 
fiu- from the ore.. There are two ore bodies. The ore 
is riciu.'st in llie mithih- am! b-'comes lean towards the 

in 111 STOUT OF WKsrroirr 

walls;, \vitli a1>niul:int hornblende ;iurl garnets. In the 
lowest. opening there are 4'-G' of richest ore. Fifty feet 
liigber up there is another opening on the same ore. 
The strike is east of north and the dip is high to the 
west. A little to the east is a second ore body, opened 
by a cut al)put G' feet wide at the bottom. The walls 
are gabbro. Tiie mines are in lot 153 of the Iron Ore 

"The Split Hock Mines.— These are, opened in Split 
Hock mountain, about one hundred feet above Lake 
Champlaiu, and show very considerable excavations, 
Avhich are practically dry, as tlie situation for mining 
is very convenient. The ore is 10' thick, strikes X. 70- 
80^ E. and dips 50 ^ south. Gabbro forms the walls 
right np to the ore on both sides. It is the metamor- 
phosed variety witli the copious reaction runs of gar- 
nets. The wi'iter was told that there is another opening 
\o the south. There is a se]"»arator on a level with the 
lake, and above the mines, in a terrace in a break in 
tile hills, are the old boarding houses. From this ter- 
race there is a most superb view of the lake and the 
Green Mountains. The mine is just across from Fort 

And tlui summing up of tiie whole matter is this : 
"There seems little if any jaospect of j)rofitable mines 
in Westport in the future. Those ores that are rea- 
sonably nt-ar the laki- are certainly titaniferous, and 
cannot be used unth-r the piesent calculation of blast 
furnace -slags and mixtures. The non-titariiferous ores 

jusTOKY OF ]vi:sTr<)}rr lu 

wbieli liiay be in the westoni limits of the town are ex- 
treniely inaccessible, if indeed in any quantity.'" 

One of the Mineville ore beds, called the Cook iSliaft 
Mine, -is crossed by the town line, so that its northern 
openiiig, called Thompson's shaft, lies iu West[)ort, 
l)ut thisimine is no longer worked. Its ore is valuable, 
but not so clioajjly obtained <is that from the other 
mines of Moriah. ^Vest of the school-h(_)Use at '■Seventy- 
five," (called juore commonly "Fletcherville" in Mo- 
riah,) is a body of ore known as the "Humljuj^ Mine," 
a title given it when the ore was })roved to be titaiiifer- 
ous, and therefore valueless. My information in regard 
to the mines at ''Seventy-five" has been obtained from 
Mr. S. 13. McKee, so long Engineer of Withorbee, Sher- 
man 1*1' Co.. at ]Miueville. 

Our terms of hjcal geograpdiv contain constant al- 
lusion to five or six hamlets which seem to a stranger 
to be little more than a name. They are referred to bv 
the titles given when they were scenes of far greater 
activity than can often be tht; case now. There is 
Braiuard's Forge, in the extreme north west corner, 
on the Black river, just where Westport, ]'ii;^abeth- 
town and Lewis join, and Avhere the teacher in the 
school keeps the names of pn))ils on thrt-t; separate 
pages of the register, accordir^g to the town in which 
each one lives. In 1807 tliere was a forge here, l)uilt 
on the Kli/.al)t.lhtown side of the river, which is 

ff/STCj/n' or wKsrroirr 

allnded to in the dd town records as 'OFor^^au's 
New Forge," l)ut is t-,illi;-d ''Jjiaiuai'd's" iu 1817, aud 
lias k(>|it that najne for noajdv a century. This was 
the earliest and one of tiie l)est kriowu for;^-es of the 
number built uj)on the DIack river between the bef^-iu- 
niug of^tlie nineteenth century and the final decleiision 
of the iron industry in Westport and Elizabethtown. 
Now you find th;-re a ste;ini s.iw-nnll, a scJjool-house, 
half a dozen farni-hoases, and the little river slippinn- 
l>y untler the bridge', still darkened by the stain of iron 
ere to the color \\hi(di !j;ave it its name from the first 
settlers. It is dwindled to loss than half its volume 
since those days, in conmion with everv other water 
course in Mie country. 

Then there is jl(-i-;sville, up the Black river to the 
south-west, i)erha]>s thi-ee miles. Here is a school- 
house, and a nunsln'r of hous(>s on Ijoti, .ides of the 
river, si\ hun.ii.d f.^t above sim h'vel, and deep within 
the mountains, witji the wild scenery of tht^ , great unin- 
habit.-d Ir.Mi Ore 'J'ract to the' west and south. If v(m 
should follow (!;e ro:,d turth.'r uj) the river, you would 
tind on y a d.'sol.ite. almost uninhabited region foi- 
mili'> and miles. 

]-\'W and faint -aw the memories of ?kb;'igs. His name 
was (iuy, and he owik 1 the mill an.l the hn-ge, and 1 
know not wliiit b,>ide>. II,. w.nt away some thirtv 
yeais ago, he and all his fauiiiv, in a l>i 

'' emigrant 

waijon iii-axsn 

four horses, to a place indefinitely 
given as "out w.;st.'" I tuid that in th.' historv of our 
town, the p. ulio h;.\. iii..\r,_! .uvay mav almost 

iiisTnuY OF \vi:srruirr ji 

always be s;uJ to li;ive;^otie to oiu^ uf two plto's. Either 
they went "(.)at west" or "over tht; hike." The tirst 
means an enterprising seeking of new countries, the 
second an unambitious return to the ohler civili/.atiou of 
New Enp;hind, often expressed by the phmse, "went 
back to his wife's folks." So much of the western 
shore ofLake Chatuplain v/;is settled l>y emigrants from 
New England that ii^oing k")aek "i>\*m- the Lake" was, in 
the earlier days, something like going back to the old 
country. Cut Guy Meigs disappeared toward the wild 
west, %vhicli nio:iMs, of course, that ho left Westport 
bearing due south, not turiung literally t>> the west 
until he haj made his way past i\\i^. ramparts of the 
Adiroudacks. I hare sometimes discovered that when 
men are accounted for as having "gone west" anv time 
befdre the last <"iuarter century, they h;ive, not uncom- 
monly, gone no further than l>utrah). But as for Meigs 
of Meigsvilh', 1 knov/ no mnw uf him than I have here 
sot down. Doubtless his most enduring monument is 
the mountain iiandet still callt^l by his name.''' 

In the soutliv.>-st corner, where Westpm-t, Elizabeth- 
town and Moiiah meet, is the lai-ger Sfttletnent of 
"Sevtaity-five." This was name'! fi'om the surveyor's 
numl)er for tin." lot in the Iron Ore Traet u[)on which it 
w;is sui)poNed to stand. In geography and in [)olitics 
"Seventy-five" is olijiged to belong to the town of West- 

*N'0 rE.— There been recently publiihei.1 ;i hir^e volume coniinin^ a i^en 
•■ 'lofjicil record of the .\Icigs faitiiiv in Anicric.i. in whuh it upjjcirs that Guy 
Mei<s of .Ntfidsviilc is of the same family ;i<; Gtnt-r.U .Meiijs of tht Civil War, »s 
well as many ether notapJe people. The au:liorof the book is Captain Henry H. 
il-itf-;, a brother of the la'.c (Juy .Mi;i>js. 

--' JiisToin' or wrsrroirr 

port, ill fvrrv tliiiir; olso it is part aii.l pnrcel of 
^[ori.-di, or, to speak more exactly, of Mineville. Hen- 
is .sitnattnl the Cook Shaft No. '2, one of the system of 
Moriah mine^, which have made such fortunes for their 
owners. Here was once a great furnace, ofticos, stores, 
and a vil]a<^t.- of more than tliirty houses, witli a laro'e 
school-house. It remained a popuhuis place for some 
time after the mines shut down. Those who were able, 
went away as fas<^, as they found chauces to work in 
other places, lea\ing a sediment of those who were too 
poor to move. In 184(; we fought with our neighbors 
for the possession of tlu^ soil. In 189G either one 
might have had it foi' less tluin the asking, for that 
winter the poorm.aster traveled wearily over the long, 
hilly, once a week, witli a great load of provisions 
to keep some of the people there from starving. This was 
our small share, as a town, in the problen^ of dealing 
with the mass of unemploved poor which Moriah strug- 
gU'd so bravely to solve in those dark years. 

Near the j.lace where tlie town line crosses Mullein 
I>rook is a saw-mill and school-house, and we always 
s|)eak of the n.'iiihborhood as ''Stevenson's/' from the 
name of the familv who h.ive long owned the mill. This 
is also known as "Adirondack Sjjrings,"' and at one 
time was called "Spfuct-r'.s." The oldest name, and one 
seldom or n.'v.r h. aid n.w, was '"Fisher ^Fills," from 
the name of th- tir-t sttth-r. 

Wlure the railroad crosses the highway near the 
lake sh< is a place wlu-re mail is left and 
taken on for a shut tim.- during the sumimu-. called 

HISTORY OP' \vi:sri'oirr 'j:i 

,ift»n- the boardiug-house near by "Oak Point." Tlie 
next railroad crossing tf) the uorth is spokeo of as 
-Graeffes" or, more formally, the Wcstport Farms. The 
latter title indicates more properly all the land between 
the railroad and the lake, with the residence on the 
lake road, and the numerous tenement houses and 

In the uorthuast part of the town, not far from the 
Essex line, on the Boquet river, lies "Merriam's Forge." 
A passing stranger can see no reason for the name, as 
even the rains of the old forge, built in 182o, were swept 
away in the tjood of 1807. The dam in the river is still 
left, kept in repair by the terms of the will of the 
former owner, ^Ir. AVilliam P. Merriam, but the water 
runs away unemployed and useless. There is something 
pathetic in this one surviving token of the care and en- 
ergy once lavished on the phice. The forge, with its 
three fires, and tJie labor of the colony of operatives 
for whom the row of houses were built, made its 
founder and owner a rich man. Now his house by the 
riverside stands empty most of the year, and the work- 
men's houses are tilled witli an agricultural or a wan- 
dering po{)ulation. 

None of the forges on the IJlack and Boquet were 
Kituated near iron mines. All the ore was brought in 
wagons from the Moriah mines, or, in latter times, from 
the ore beds at Nichols Poiul or Ledge Hill. If you 
drive over the roads now you may form some idea of 
the profits of a business which ]i!iid for sucii long and 
laborious trans|iortatiou. 

24 jiisTom' OF ]VKsTroirr 

The name "Jacksonville" itulicates to us the mostim- 
poitaut iron enterprise which Westport ever knew, in 
the amount of money involved and the actual results. 
Til' place was upon a beautiful point, across the bav 
to the northeast of the village, now occujiied by the 
houses of Mrs. Hall and of Mr. Robertson Marshall. 
The natne is taken from that of Francis H. Jackson, of 
Boston, 'ivho built the Sisco furnace herein a cost, 
it is said, of one hundred thousand dollars. The massive 
foundations of this furnace still remain, and much of 
the stone of its walls has been useil in Mr. Mai-shall's 
house. The house occujiied by Mrs. Hall vvas built 
for ]Mr. Jackson's residence. The book-keeper's lumse 
is still in use, but most of the workmen's houses havf 
disappeared, or are used in other ways. The wharf is 
still left, but the heavy bar^^^es, laden with coal an. I 
iron, are now replaced in- the graceful litu>s of some 
pleasure craft. 

Very recently have been observeil in the local uews of 
tlie county }i:![)ers substitutions for the old naujes of 
our handets. Mei,!_,'sviUe is West \Vest[)ort, Steven- 
sou's is South Westport, and Brainard's Forge is AVest 
Wadhams. Perhaps this is an indication that the an- 
cient names are passing aw.iy, ami that untilitv is l)e- 
coming more to us than nn'incji-y. 

sc'iK X )i. 1 )isTiuc"rs. 

There are eleven school di^^tricts iu the town. The 
most southern i^. at "Stevetsson's," near the saw mill on 
Mullein brook. H-ti- yr.u cati turn oil the "back road." 


niul take the "Bald Peak road" to Minevillo, fikirtiug 
the. base of the mountain, and with Mullein brook for 
c-onipany half the way. Tlieu there is the school house 
at "Graeft'e.s," alias the Westport Farms, This is the 
ilistrict that was spoken of for many years as "Root's" 
because Mr. Samuel Root lived here. The school- 
house stands (»u a hill overlooking Coil's bay, with a 
boautiful view of the lake and of tlic Yerniont mount- 
iiins. North of this, on the lake road, stands what 
must be the oldest school building in town, — the "stone 
fichool-house." It is built of the limestone of the 
neighborhood, with Aviadows let in directly under the 
eaves, so that no one can look out of them without 
standing up, and little folks not at all unless they climb 
upon the desks. Consequently, you will usually find the 
door open in summer, and can look in sociably as you 


At tlie point where the cross road aud the back road 
aud the raiivuad meet is the Howard school house. 
Here come the children "otT the mountain," two and 
three miles sometimes. This school house, as well as 
the one at Stevenson's, sees a regular Sunday gather- 
ing for religious services. Hero the meeting of adults 
on that day is larger than that of the children during 
the week. 

Tlu're is a large school house at Seventy-five, which 
had until very recently a full attendance, but is now 
closed. At Meigsville the school house stands on the 
Elizabethtown side of the river, and this is also the 
tvjse ;it Braijinrd's Foru;e. You will rind one at Hois- 

•2(j lusTonv OF WESTFuirr 

ington's, accommoclfitiug oliildreii fioiu four roails, uu.) 
about half way to Elizabftthtown ou the turnpike is the 
one most likely to be noticed bv a Htrau<^ei. This is 
because it stands half hidden by an immonso boulder, 
almost as liij^di and half as large as the building. This 
used to be called "the red school-house," but since it 
was rebuilt with a dilierent e^'e for color we make sure 
of being understoi)d by saying "the one by the big rock." 

At Wailliam's Mills is a large brick school-house, ouo 
of the oldest in town, often repaired, which the people 
still make use of, patiently waiting some turn of events 
which shall bring them a new one. Ou the road to Whal- 
lonsburgh, just over the hill which rises south of the riv- 
er, is the Ptoyee district, now oftener referred to as the 
Sherman district. On the lake road to Whallousburgh, 
where the road divides, the oast branch ruuniug direct 
to Essex villagJ}, stands the "Angier Hill school-house." 
The Angiers are long since gone, but here, I am hai)py 
to say, the old name still hohls in spite of all new com- 
ers. Angier Hill itstlf y.-u will tiud a half mile further 
north. Standing at its t<>]), you look off over the level 
land of the river bottoiii \\\. Essex, aud the earth drops 
away fro'u before you snddenly in a terrace. This is 
"Angier Hill," once a syncuiyin for st(my steepness, but 
much uioilitiod by years of patitMit gradiu.--. 

The School Ikjusc in thn village was built in 18S9, 
after such a prolonged and heated "school-house war" 
as is often seen when there are two parties of opposing 
ojiiniuns, (udy on»> of which can possibly have its way. 
It is hard to'v- that any spot could have been bet^ 

llISTOliY OF U'ESTI'Oh'T 27 

tt-r tliaii tlie oiio cliosou, on tlio fiat near the shore oi 
the liay. wlieit'. the Imiklitifi; shows so tiiiely in the first 
\ i.'u- oi the villa^'e from the hike. 

All these school-houses are to a certain extent social 
centres, particularly in the remote districts. Here are 
not only the school exhibitions but the Sunday-schools 
:uul the mid-week prayer meeting often held, as well as 
tilt' annual '.'school-meetings" for the electiori of trus- 
tees and ofticers <if the district. 



Theeeuieteiies of a town are alwaj-s interesting places 
to any one who cares for its history. There you find a 
<lireetory of the }»dst, with blanks iu place of the names 
of those who died among other scenes, or who left no 
one behiudth^m wlitJ cared to raise afttone to their mem- 
ory. Here djitcs' are copious and authentic, and it 
si-vnis a relief to walk these silent aisles after much ex- 
pcrif'iu>e with the uncertainty and contradiction of local 
legendary history. Not that long exploration of the le- 
gends will not add to the interest of loitering iu these 
<>ld grav-eyards. One of the most delightful of summer 
afternoons can l>e s[>eut in wandering thro' iho village 
<'«Miietery in c<.mpany with the Oldest Inhabitant, and 
and listi-ning to stor^ after story suggested l>y thu 
JiMiiies on the tombstone. 

The largest cemetery in town is the one in Westport 
village, on the north bank of the brook, on Pleasant St. 
It njust be almost as old as the village itself, but the 

•js ■ iiisroiiy Oh- WKsri'otrr 

earliest tlate of burial liore cnf iu :>toiie is in the ye;ir 

Here are buried jn;u>y oi the men coiisiiicuous iu 
our history. Here lies "oM Stjuire Hatch," as we 
commonly tall him, "Hon. Charles Hateh," it reads, 
here,— witli a monumeut whii-h was altop;ether the 
most imposiug one in the cemetery whenit was erected, 
though somewhat overshadowed since. 

There is scarcely an old name which is met with in our 
anuals that cannot be found here, and of course one 
cannot attempt to name tlieiu ;dl. Most -of the earlier 
•^ravts are found i)i the t^astern end. Here is the 
shaft ])ut up for ]jarualias ^lyrick, who seems to 
have been the grevit man of the villaj^e after the days 
of Squire Hatch. XiMr it is the grave of General 
Daniel Wrjght, who C(-)mmand..'d all the militia forces 
of Essex and Clinton counties iu the War of 181'2, with 
the title of J'Srigadier-Oeneral. Fiis tombstone relates 
none .-f his deeds or distim-tions, and his wife, whose 
name was Patit^jce. might be fancied to have need ( f that 
virtue in putting up with th«' fai.'t that she has no stone 
of her own, but is gi\t'U a fmv lower lines on that of 
her iuisliaud. Perhaps it is going \^^o far to inuigim^ 
any one criticising one's own cpitapli, or the manner in 
which it is t'iid)l.iZiuied to the world, butithas an odd 
eti'ect of making h.-r nauie >fuui appropria.te. It was a 
very common cust in in tin is-* days. 

Across the grav,-l,-d path are tlu' H.ilombs. Doctor 
Diadorus HolccMub was a very early settler, i\ni\ the 
tlrst one who pra.-tic-d t!w healing art. He acted as ;i 

Ill STORY or wKsrronr -jft 

Mir.^eon fit the ]jattle of Pbittsltnrj^li. Not far a^\-xiy 
ar-' th' j^ravos of the Cnttii)i^s, conspicuous in tlie vil- 
l.ij^'f life a little later. Those are some ot the oldest 
names, most of them on quaint, old-fashioned slabs, 
sMtuetinips with the conventional weeping willow cut at 
the to}x There are many handsome monuments of re- 
cent (l;ite, like those with the names of Page, Sargent 
:iiid Newelh 

One of the most interesting graves in the cemetery is 
that of Col. Francis L. Lee, Colonel of the 44th Massa- 
<-liusetts Volunteers. A shaft of stone in its native 
l"/auty, uncut and unpolished, taken from his own es- 
tate ;tt Stony Sides, marks the spot. A tablet of slate 
is h't in on one side, with name and date. A massive 
hoidder from North Shore is laid at the grave of Mr. 
^^ illiani Guy Hunter, in which are deeply cut his name 
••iml that of jiis wife. 

'Jdi.M-e is the giave of Joseph Call, the giant, of whose 
hats (,f strength so many tales are told. Ebenezer 
]>urfee has written on his tombstone that he was a 
Revolutionary soldier, the only stone so marke '. 
\\oul(] that more old soldiers had left it cut in stone, 
>n that we might know and honor them all. 

A noticeable thing is tiie number of stones on which 
it is recorded that the sUent sleeper beneath mot his 
<h'!ith by drowning. In former times such an interest- 
ing tact as this could not fail to be engraved u])ou the 
I'.ndistone, witii the appropriate nioral reflection thrown 
III. Of late we are grown nu>i'.- rcNerved, or more in- 
<lifh-)ent, and in the jifWi-r part <'f tiie cemetery the 

•w tiisroin' or w Ksiroirr- 

stones glow lari^^er and {\w iiis(n-i|»tir>iis smulU'r, ■m\\ 
there is no lonj:];ov jun- literatiiieof tliBilead, but uiovelv 
a cataloj2;ne. For iny part, I like the old wav l>pst. It 
used to 1)0 an art to write an epitaph, an<1 to en^^rave it 
properly, an.] then it was sotaethinj^ worth while for 
one to read, walking- in the eenieteiy of a Snndav 

This is the Protestant renietery. That of the Iv oman 
(•atholic churoh lies not far of it, behind tiie pret-. 
ty church, and is full of interest. There is auother 
graveyard in tlie villa.-^e, lu.t it is only the (ild peoi.le. 
who can tell yoa niiieh al)'>nt it, as it has l)een lon<^ nn~ 
used. It is spoken of as the '-South bnryinj^ ground." 
It lies just northeast of the old Arsenal, and back ol 
Mrs. Gregory's house, on land now owned b\- the West- 
))ort Inn. It is a negleeted cm-iier, overj4rown witli 
briars and l)njdoi.-ks in tlie late snninier. Here lie 
Tiliinghast Cole, and some of the Haveuses and 
Keyuoldsesand a nunii)e'r ofgravt^s unmarked bv stones. 
These unmarked graves are always fouml in the old-. 
est cemeteries, often ontnundif-ring thost; whose names 
liave b ..'en preseived. 

At AVadljau)s Falls there is a vrry ])rettv een)eterv, 
on the high river bank, aeio.s.s th..> road from the M. K, 

church. Hero are the o! 1 lianifs .tf this section,, Felt, 

and Brauian ami Whitney, Hardy and Dunster and 
Brown and Shernian. Woodrut!" and Favn^- and manv 
more. The earli'st cem.'trry at Wadhanis was on the 
tiat lower down the riv.-r, but was soon al)andoned,and 
no stones were l.'ft t • m.trk fh-- >^»ot, I'lu; Wadhanis 


family were buried in a private ground back of Com. 
A. V. Wadhains' residence, but were removed aud 
]>laced iu the lar^^e cemeter}' within a few years. 

All our cemeteries are in spots of natural beauty. 
At Merriam's Forp;e is a small private ground, where 
all the Merriauis lie buried. It is not far from the 
former residence of William P. Merriam, across the 
road, and on much higher ground, with a fine view of 
tlie river. 

On the road to Elixabethtown, near the Block river, 
is what the old people call "the Newcorab burying 
ground." This has received the remains of all the old 
families of this region. 

As old as any of them all must bo the graveyard at 
Hoisingtou's. The earliest date is 1805, at the grave 
of Datus, sou of Euos aud Anna Loveland. What a 
dear, romantic bit it. is, this little square fenced in 
among the mountains ! Here you get no water view at 
all, only the dark mountains with their folded valleys, 
])ressing close around. This lies on the highest ground 
of any of our resting places for the dead, as here it is 
six hundred feet above sea leyel, with mountains tower- 
ing far above it. There are very few family names 
represented, mainly Lovelauds, Nichols and Sloughters. 
On the lake road to Port Henry is a small private 
cemetery on the land of Hinkley Coll, where all the 
name.s are Coll by birth or marriage. 

Without doubt the most ancient burial place in 
town is on the wooded point v.diich runs out north of 
the mouth (f ivavnio]id bjook, to the island. 

••'-' iiJsroiiY OF WESTPonr 

Very near this spot was tlie first settlement of whito 
men on our soil. The oldest ("late of burial to be read 
is that of Levi Alexander, 181 G, but we know that 
many j^'raves here must be older than that. There arei 
not half a dozen atones now standing in the little enclos- 
ure, but all around are signs of a lar;^'e cemetery. Many 
of the graves v>'ere marked ouly witli that most pathetic 
thing iii old graveyarils,~rough, uuout, unshaped and 
unmarked stones, selected from hillside or door yard or 
any where they could be found. They were set up 
carefully at the head and the foot of the grave, many 
of them marking ouly a baby's length between them, 
and for the lifetime of one generation we may be sure 
that these graves were not nameless as they now must 
be to us. These rou'^h stones are found in all our old 
cemeteries, and indicate a time when the stone cutter 
had not yet reached the place, and cut marble must be 
brought long distances. Indeed, many of the stones 
with the oldest dates were set up years after the body 
lu'neath was laid to rest. 

We have a right to claim the cemetHi-y just over the 
line in Moriah, as it belonged to Westport until after 
the first generatiou of settlers must have been buried. 



To attempt a descriptiou of all the roads of a town- 
ship would be very tedious. Only a study of the map 
can give an adequate idea of them. To a person com' 
ing from one of the southern counties of New York, 
where highways and railroads are constantly crossing 
in a network, and there is never one house built out of 
sight of another, our town looks like a mere wilderness, 
threaded here and there with a slender, solitary, trail, 
often without human habitation to pass for long dis- 
tances. To the same person, coming direct from any 
of the "back towns" of the county, uam?ly, North Hud- 
son, -or Keeno, or North Elba, where an immense town- 
ship sometimes is traversed by a single road, with one 
or two branches, Westport seems thickly settled, and 
very comfortably supplied with roads. The highways, 
of course, as in every place, indicate perfectly the needs 
of the population by their direction and extent, and 
their resources and enterprise by their condition. 

Taking the village of Westport as a center, the main 
roads running from itare those to Whallonsburgh, Wad- 
hams ^ills, Elizabethtown and Port Henry. Going to 
the first place, you may take the river road or the lake 
road. The river road goes norch until it comes to the 
bank of the Boquet, then follows it closely, after cross- 
ing it near the town line, into the township of Essex. 
The lake road takes you northeast, over many hills, 
with beautiful views of lake and mountains. At the 
top of Angiev Hill you look down upon the valley of 


the Bocjnet. At wliat is callod "the forest ji^ato," after 
yon pass through tho wonaerful gateway in the rocks, 
of such interest to geologists, a private road leads 
somr; two miles to Hunter's Bny, Partridge Harbor and 
Rock Harbor. 

Tlie road to Wadhams Mills, runs to the north- 
west, crossing the railroad and the river. Here are 
tlie beautifid falls and the busy mills. If you are very 
lucky you may find the river full of logs, and a gang 
of picturesque "loggers" with red shirts, higli rubber 
boots and pike pedes, trying to break a log jam. The river 
road will take you t(^ Mount Discovery and to Lewis. 
Thence, if you are so min.lod, you go northward to the 
place which we call the "Poke o' Moonshine." A road 
to the west goes to Brainard's Forge, and there are 
many cross road.s, -11 this region of rolling farms, con- 
necting the nmin roads. 

li you wish to go. to the county seat you must go to the 
station and then along the oidy turnpike in the county. 
This is the stage route for the mountains, and altogeth- 
er the most constantly travelled road iu town. You 
must stop at the ti)ll-gato and pay toll, which you will 
not begruilge when you- see that your money goes to 
ke^p the road both smooth aiul wide. Beautiful 
mountain viows you will tind, and when you come to 
the Black river and cross tho bridge, then you have left 
Westport and are in Elizabeth town. 

To go to Piu-t Henry you may take either tho "back 
road" or tiie lak«^ mad. The iir.-,t follows the railroad 
nio.>t of the way, and riu;-^ n.'t f. -a- from the high bank 

iiisToin' OF wEsrroiiT .vo 

xvliicli imliciites the last slope of the moani.iins of tlie 
Iron Ore Tract, iu their nearest approach to the shore 
of the lake. The lake road, (called a part of the wa}' 
the "middle road,") runs parallel with the back roa<l, 
and joins it just heyoud the town line, so that yon are 
obliged, in any case, if it is your will to go to Port 
Henry, to cross Mullein Brook and climb "Bigelow 
hill" beyond, This brook was undoubtedly named 
after a person, but at the present day the hill just south 
of the bridge is so covered with the withered, woolly 
green of the uiiesteemed mullein that one feels that' the 
reason of the name might uot be far to seek. About 
two miles from Port Henr}- you will pass through 
"the Cheever," meaning the ruins of the mining village 
which spraug up so suddenly iu the prosperity of the 
great Cheever ore bed, and fell into ruins so deliber- 
ately when fortune frowned upon the God of Iron. 
You are in what was once Westport territory until 
within two miles of Port Henry, although it has be- 
longed to Moriah for fifty years. IT'SSO^IS 

From Holt's brook to the Ra^'moud brook we call 
this the "middle" or the "state road," because there is 
a "lake road" farther to the east. Aud a pleasant road 
it is, looking olY over the tops of "the Cedars" to the lake 
and the Vermont shore. There is a lane leading down 
to the NYormau place at Young's bay, and another, 
much travelled, to the light-house and the ferry at Bar- 
ber's point. A favorite short drive from the village is 
to take this road around to the island, and then come 
back bv the middle r(jad, or bv the cross roud whicii 

.-.v; . ' // fS TO /! r OF 1 1 'A'.S' 77 ' /: T 

cats tlivougli the We.--t[)ort Fjinus, and back past the 
gulf links. 

Other rijads less travelled have often quite as much 
interest. B}' turning off the turnpike near the station 
von can <^o up t]io Letl^e Hill rc^ad. After you have 
crossed the brook you will never wonder at the mean- 
ini;- (if the nann\ When you cotno to the twin fish 
ponds ai Holsington's you may take your choice of go- 
ing on to 3Ieigsville, and perhaps away off across the 
lUack river to "the Kingdom," (peopled now only by 
ghosts of the old Days of Iron,) or you may turn and 
go south bt'tween tlie mountains until you con:ie to the 
•Spring which supplies th,e village of Westport with wa- 
ter. If you eiioose this road, the first little bridge vou 
cross is called, in local talk, "tea-kettle bridge." The 
name is tlie most valuable part of thelegend,asthe neigh- 
bors can (»nly i<A\ you that (^nco, when they mended the 
bridge they found a new tea-kettle carefully hidden un- 
der it, whose owner tlu^s never discovered. 

On this road stood, m^t many years ago, a chare ->al 
kiln, the last, poihaps, of the large number which might 
bf fmmd all <»vor the town fifty yeai-s ago, when there was 
so much more \voo<l .to burn. It was not far from 
"tlie old tram ro.ul." which l^ads to Nichols Pond, two 
miles ^\e^^t of the highv.ay. This pond ks a favorite re- 
sort of liuntLrs and campers, and you can hardly pass 
this way i)i the hunting srasDU without seeing a hunter 
V ith gun and basket, m iking for iln- j)(~)nd. It lies four- 
teen iiundicd fr<( above s<-a-h-vt-l, and there is a camp 


.lU an islaud. Another trail to the poml loads in 
from the south. 

When you couie to tlic turn at the okl Stacy place, 
ii.Uas the Greeley place, now owned by Mr. Lee, you 
may go back to tlie village, or turn up the hill and take 
the mountain I'oad to "Seventv-fivo." This ruad reach- 
es the highest altitude of any road in town. After you 
have passed the "John Smith place," where you «'et 
such a charming glimpse of the lake through the trees, 
looking down over Bessboro, and have climbed the 
hills along the musical tumbling brook, and passed the 
solitary farm-house of Levi Mojre, you come to the 
summit of the road, fifteen hundred" feet above tide. 
After this there is a descent until you reach the de- 
serted village of "Seventy-five."' 

Surely a more desolate place cannot be imagined 
than this ruinc'd mining settlement, lying high up Lthe 
mountains, wijere the soil is thin aud poor, and where 
the trees have, been cut ofi' for miles around, burned to 
feed the great furnace which is now but a heap (;f 
shapeless ruiiL Time has veiled tl^e naked hillsides 
with the thick, slender "second-growth" timber, but the 
village houses still stand unshielded upon the bare 
slopes. Most of the houses were well-built, large and 
comfortable, and it will take a long time for the°chim- 
neys to fall and the roof-trees to sink. All the popula- 
tion here ha I to be fed by the farming country of tin. 
Champlaiu littoral, and farmers as far away as Lewis 
and Essex -drew hay and other farm produce over the 


inr.untaius to Sovouty-fivo, receiving higli prices aud a 
share in the general ])rosj)evity. 

This is the most direct road to the villages of Mine- 
ville and ^loriah. If you choose you may return to 
Westport by keeping on aroiuul Bartlett pond, (in Mo- 
riah,) which lies so still aud dark, surrounded by the 
still, dark mountains, and taking the Bald Peak road, 
through mountain valleys, following Mullein brook to 
the school house at Stevenson's, then the "back road" 
to North-west Bay. 

The shortest way from the village to the Mountain 
Spring is to go up the hill past the golf links, cross the 
railroad and take the turn at Hush Howard's. This 
brings you to a bit of new road not shown ou the map, 
because it was made after the map was engraved, which 
exchanges a stony hill for an easy grade through the 
jneadows for a mile, on the land of the Mountain 
S|)ring Conipauy. • 

As for the smoothness of these roads — well, vou v.-ill 
not find them {ilaned and sand-papered. It is evident 
that in towns!d|> the elevation of whose surface varies 
froiii the level of the lake to eighteen hundred feet 
al)ove it, the loads cannot be expected to maintain a 
dreary momttony. 1 am rt-minded of a story. Driviuo- 
<.ver a uiountain road fnuii lloisington's to C4reeley's, 
XNith a frit-nd returned fjom South Dakota, we came to 
"tea-kettle britlge," with the little clear, brown stream 
].ouring aii.l gurgling under it. "Oh, stop the horse a 
mom» lit." >aid sii.i. ";uid let me hear the water run." 
'J"hf n.uddy >!uii._:h> ..f I,)akot. do m.t look nor sound 


like that!" Aud thcu she told me the story of au Essex 
county boy who took his degree at a medical collep;e and 
went west to practice iu a prairie state. For years he 
drove over level roads, with a level horizon around him. 
One (.lay he was called to go a long distance to a place 
he had never seen. On Jiis way he saw, in a field l>y 
the side of the road, the first rock that had met his eyes 
sint e he entered the state. He left the road, drove un- 
til he came to the rock, aud then deliberately guided 
the horse so that two wheels of his buggy went directly 
over it. He made a turn, came back, and sent the 
other wheels over the rock, enjoying the bounce aud 
jolt. Then he made his way back to the main road, 
went home and told his wife. "Oh, it felt good," said 
he, "It felt like Essex county once more!" And no 
one will deny that that is the way Essex county feels, 
when you are driviug, and Westport is no exception. 

Nevertheless, our roads are bettor than those of many 
other towns, and especially in the fall, when our clay 
packs into a hard smooth surf;ice, only made smoother 
by every passing wheel. It is the spring mud, after 
heavy raius and thaws that make our roads a terror 
aud a penance. Our system of workiug roads is ex- 
ceedingly deficient, resulting in a marked line of divis- 
ion, in some cases, between a one road-district with a 
business-like "path-master" aud high taxes, and another 
district with a path-master ignorant or unwilling, or 
with taxes too low to do half the work. 

One characteristic feature of our road-sides is the 
stump fence. This is made of piue roots from the 


forest primeval, left after the trees were cut down, and 
dug out of the earth to leave the laud clear for the 
planting of crops. We have an inveutiou called a 
"stnmp-raachiDe," made for pulling the stumps out of 
the ground. Then they are set uj) in rows along the 
b()rders of our fields, ^vith the wide-spreading "-oots 
joining in an abattis which makes an escellenr fence. 
We have very little of the zig-zag rail fence left, and 
stone walls are not so common as in the southern part 
of the state, but a gray, mossy, old stump fence, whose 
gnarled and twisted outlines take fantastic shapes, fes- 
tooned with the woodbine and the wild grape, is' pic- 
turesque indeed. 

There is a folding road map of Westport, with mile 
circles, easily obtainable, ami also a larger wall map. 
The map of the United States Geological Survey, on 
the scale of nearly one mile to one inch, shows every 
road perfectly, to the least turuiu^r, and also indicates 
with contour lines the elevation of every point. Be- 
cause of the perfection of these maps, and their acces- 
sibility, no cfl'ort has been made to provide this book 
with a large and complete map. The small one in the 
front of the book will give a quite sufficient idea of the 
town and its viciuity. 

iiisronY or WKsri'iiur 41 

Westi)orl'.s ouo sapvejue claim to couskleration i.-, in 
tlie beaut}' of her uatural foatuit_-s. MouutaiiiR aij(.l 
lake to^'ether give this bit of earth a chann which is 
never uiifelt or deuied. The natives, born upcMi tht- 
soil, always the last to analyze the inlluence of nature 
upon tlioniselves, arc. In' no means the last to feel it, 
}]ow we pit}' the people condemned to live jn a fiat 
country, and what a keen edge ha» the regret of the 
e\\\e. who leaves us t<> live upon the pr;iiries of the 
^^'est ! l')Ut v/e would not have it all mountains. "Keene 
Valley V" we say. "We could not live shut in like that, 
only al)le to look up, and not out. We never take fj 
free breath until v.-e get back wliere we can look off 
upon the lake." That is what gives us the sense of 
freedot;i ajid distance, and I think we love it best of all. 

K^M/I^S AN J > ] UiOOKS. 

Our largest river is tiie Bof^piet, Tijis beaul.ijui 
mountain stream has its ultimate s[!rings high iunong 
llie peaks of Keene and North Hudson, and follows a 
jM'rtliea.'^terly course tlir(Migli the "I'leasant Valley" of 
i:"dizalK:t!)t'iwn, and into the, tou-nships of Lewis and 
.l'Iss( X. Theii it JK-uds suddenly to (In- south, and makes 
:\ \(io\) of tive or six miles to enter Westport. Here it 
<-on!<-s within three u;ilr.s of the lake, and perhaps in 
-some pre-historic agi; it flowed iut(! N((rtluvt'st ]3ay, hut 
iiow the Split Hock range pushes its foothills t(» tlu- 
--south and bars fbe Tii'^ New York and C'an;i<h! 

-/- , iiisTiiRY <iF \vi:srr()irr 

vailr.j.ul, iti {.i.-^siu^ over tl-is .livido between tl;-: 
Scln-oon rauo-o and the valley of the Boi|iiet, makes tl» 
lieaviest f^jnule between Albany an.] Montreal. This is 
t!ierta>..n whyaloa.led fr,'i^4it train is so often"stalh'.l"" 
near Viall's crossing. Aftrr leavin-- Westport, the river 
flows Ess-x aiid W'illsboro into Lake Cha:n- 
plani. Some of irs most remote sprinj^s mast i-)e nearlv 
thr./.' (l.ou.^aml frrt above sea level. At Elizabethtown, 
it is but a. Httl.^ le<s than six hnn-lred feet hi,<;-h, and at 
its moutli it is of course of the san^e level as Lake 
Champlain,one Imndred and one feet above tide. Such 
a descent as this proves it to be a clear, swift running 
river, with manv falls. Th.' most considerable of these is 
at Wadhams Mills, and -av.jthat })Iace its early nam--, 
still often used, of -'The F.dls." 

Within our bnrdt-rs, the J]o(]iiet tlows for the greater 
])art through a tine faruiing country, cleared and culti- 
vated, e\ce])t wh.-re it is crowd'.'d hy the rockv bas^^ .•)f 
Coon mountain. It is eross.-d Ijy the ijiilroad, which 
follows closely along its northern l)ank for several miles. 
The river is used extensively for logging. Logs are 
<-ut by gangs of liimberm-m in the forests of Elizabeth- 
town and Lewis, and tloat.-d down in time of high water 
to the mdls at A\'adha(nv. or Whallonsburgh or Wills- 
boro. All thi> log.uing busin. -ss is very interesting and 
picturesipie, an 1 ou^ may pick \\\\ nniny a <|uaint bit of 
experionre out of it. \u (.Id farm.M- who had watche ! 
til.' river many y;u-s told me one day that he could 
t.dl at a glance wln-th-'r the rive-r was rising or falling. 
If t];e logs are :dl in th.' tuiddU' of the river it is falling. 

nisTt)j!Y OF WEsrroirr aa 

If thoy are lloatinp; ;iloij;j; upou caoli side next tlif l.'aiik> 
tht' river is rising. Whc-u tho wwU-v is rismj^ it is liigh- 
.,->t in the middle, and the lou;s take- the htwm' level next 
the hauk. When it is falling if is the lowest iu inid- 
>trean], aud (here the logs collect. 

There are two dams iu tin; river within We^tjuirt, cau^ 
id Wadlianis and one at Merriatn's Forge. The high- 
way crosses it I'ut t\\"iee. onee at each of the two places 
jn^t nientioiied. 

The uatue of the river is coiuniouly a. stuiubling- 
lih)ck to strangers, iu the matter of its ])ronuuciatiou. 
A true ualive never calls it l)oo-kay, but always bo- 
k\\et. As it is evideutly a Freucii liame, the strauger 
i- likely to set this prouuciatiou down as a result of 
er.iss iguttrauce. On the contrary, it is a most inter- 
<->tiug linguistic proof ftf the real origin of the name. 
That sound of final "t" has snrvi\ed for one huuilred 
;iud seventy years, aud, like most survivals, has an ^\- 
(^w^-i: for being. ^' 

The Boqunt river was named by tlii.- Freneh before 
ITol, as is conclusively shown by mai>s of that date. 
This [loiut has betai thoroughly investigated b\- Mr. 
Henry Harmon Xobh-, who ha^ ha<l every ojjportunity 
to examine the documents bt-aring upon the subject in 
the State Historian'.s otlice. In a letter written to the 
author he says : 

'T find in New York Colonial ^ISS., Volume XCVl 11 , 
[•age ^-i:, '(.'arte du Tne C'hamiilain, dupuis le fort Cliam- 
bly ju.s(|uau fort St. Frederic. Levee par le Sieui 
Anger, arpeuteur du Fioy en VC-Vl. fait a (,); le K' 


iirsTOin' OF WKsrroRT 

Octobve 174S, siL^no d.^ Levy.' That is to say, a i;i:ij> 
.)f Lake Ohamplaiii t'r<->iii Fort Oliambly to Fort St. 
Irevleiio, survt'vcil by ^h'. An;j;or, Surveyor to the Kin;^ 
ill 1782, m:i.(h^ at (;>uol)o.> October 10th, 1748. On this 
map the river is put i|ov. ii as 'li. Boquette,' >;ho\viii;^' 
that it was called by that uanif^ as early us 173-2. 

"Also m r)(KMii!jeiits Relating to the Colonial History 
of the St;ite of New York, \ohiniii 0, opjiosite ■l)a.L:o 
1022, is a map, a eo{)y of which was procured in Paris 
in IS 12 by John Uonnn-n Brodhead. On this map, 
<late 1731, 'Carre du lar Chainplaiu avec le.s Piivieres 
du[)uis l.i fort 'le Cliam1>ly d.ius la Nouvelle France, 
jiisipies a Oran^eviUe de le Xonvelle An^leterre, dresse 
sin- .livers lueinoirs,'— it is called I{. BaiK^inf/e. The 'a' 
is quit<3 plain." 

In a very interestinLj article n[)ou the naming of the 
Ansable river, in the ]:s-„.x (',),n,ty Republican, in Oc^ 
toh.a- of ISOl, },\i: Fi,-deri(dv II. Cnnstock, a. well-know!) 
autln^rity on th.- history an.l nonie-nclature of this re- 
i^iun, sp.riks .,[ lioth tic- ni ^.s nvMjtioiied by Mr. Xoble, 
and says : 

-The French b.'in;^' e-^tablisht^d s<-) near the lake soon 
familiari/.ed theiuselves witji it, and o-ave names to 
proniiii'Mit natural features of its shores — Uodie fendre 
.Split Loek), Carillon ( Ticonderoira^, J^le La :Motte. 
Sor.d. Cha/.v, St. Arniant. iexju-t, Valcour, Grand Isle, 
etc.. many of which remain even to this day." And he 
calls special att»-ntion to the fact that the rivers were 
named fi'-^m t!i'-ir mouths. 

JnsroRY OF WKsrruin' ■/.-, 

So it i> j)him" that the Frciieh Lad i^ivt-ii ouv river it> 
i.;iint' before tiie^- l)uilt the fortitications ui^on the 
lakf, at Crowij Point, in ITol. A^ for the lueuiiiu-- of 
the name, it seem^ [.robahh' that it whs derived from 
tlio word "l.oquet," that is "a trough," from the forma- 
tion of the river banks uear its njouth. The Frt,-ueh 
nanjed tlie \\\ Sable river, that is, the Sandy river, 
from the long poiiit of sand at its month, and remarked 
tliat it was so choked with saiid at its entrance into the 
hdve that it was impossible for boats to enter it at all 
exct'pt in time of high water. After passing this river 
mouth, their eyes were quick to notice tliat the next 
one to which they came, on their southward way, was 
of a very difl'ereut cliaiacter, liowing deep and full iut<« 
tlie lake through steep banks. There was no obstruc- 
ti!*n to the entrance of boats of large size, and their 
I'assage was clear almost to the foot of the falls. It 
viij be remombererl that Burgoyne encamped here ii: 
1777 because the i^ver afforded a shelter for his boats. 
v-ud in 181-2 it was entered by British gun-boats. So 
the; French voyag-eurs described it as the "river which 
is like a trough at its mouth," -Baqnet, or Banquette, 
afterward v/ritten Bucpiette or Boquet. 

It is sometimes asserted that our I'iver was named 
after Colonel Henry Bouqut-t, a British oilicer during 
thr French and Indian War. This is not possible, 
>!nce Colonel BcMUjuet nt-ver saw America until 1750. 
tv.enty-five years after the river was named. Turninu 
to the .second volume of ".Miuitcalm and Wolfe," b\ 
1 lancis Parkman, wt- ma\- lead : 

•f'! f!!ST<)i:y (,r w !:sri'(>irr 

"Tl)t> 11 )y;il AuH}ric;ui re^giuicut \s;is ;i iiew orps, in tlu^ colouios, l,ir;^^,-]y iVotn uoion;^' tht- Genn.-iDs 
of.Peunsylv:iMi:i. Jfs ollircrs w.n'e from Enn)])e ; an.] 
.•onspicu.Misaimui-ith.^in \v,-i,sLi<>nttMiant-C«)l(Mi.>l Henry 
J>.>uqil.'t, wlio roiuiiKuulH.l Olio of tlio four l.attaliuiis 
of -vvhieh tlie re.^iiiKMit was eouipos.-d." 

The o-alhint Coloiml, afturwar.l mailo a General by ^i 
t^rateful sov,avi-u, (hstii.^uisho.l liiiusolf in las opera- 
tions against the Indians of l\MHisyIvania and Ohio, 
l.utat no p,M'i..l was he in servi.-e upon Liko Chatn- 
phiin. His own h'tters and journals, and t!ie records 
of liis camiiaio-iis, p.rov, this. There were parts of th- 
rej^iuient of 1^ oval Americans with Ahercromliie in his 
attempt upon Tieondero-a, and with W.dte at Quebec, 
i.nit not iiompiefs battalion in either case. 

The name of Bou.piet was a famous one in the colon, 
i^^s at the time ..f the -..Id Frei,(di war" and immedi- 
at.dy after it. How famous it was we can hanlly real- 
ize since the :'h.volution has li-ht-d so many ^reat-r 
li-Iits. It would hav... been in no way stran-e that any 
unnamed river s!iould be named afl.r him, an 1 I have 
J)o d<mbt that at this time a miseonc.}[)tion of the facts 
arose. The -reat majority of tlie had never 
seen tlie .)ii-inal Freueh maps, and were (|uite irruorant 
of the early history of i!.e lake. What more natural 
than for t!iem to >uppos.; tliat the name "JJa.piet" nv 
'■l'>o,|uette" r.-fmed tot]ieir.)wn admired General? In 
this way it may be admitt^^d that the river was, in a 
certain >en^e. r-l.apti/.. 1 aft-r ( baanal Henry J5ou.p,et, 

JUS TO in' OF WESTj'ojrj- -/r 

;i!itl SO tho newe)- si^ellin^' au<l prouuLciatioji ini-lit li- 
allowed. But youi- true native \vill always souuJ that 
t'.nal '"t" and thus bear uituess, oftcu unconsciously, of 
that l.oyalty to the Oldest which mahes so large a part 
K'i the liistorical sense. 

The river next largest in size is the Black, a tributary 
' f the Boquet. It defines about live miles of our west- 
ern border, the boundary line between Elizabeth town 
:ind "Westijort following its eastern bank. It ris?s in 
the southeastern corner of the township of Elizabeth- 
town, in Long F()nd, which lies nearly sixteen liundred 
feet altove tide. "Long Bond" is the name given on all 
the old maps, but I see that the latest Government sur- 
vey has changed it to "the Four Bonds." Doubtless 
that wldeli was one continuous pond in the early days 
(•f thick forests and deej:), full streams, has now dwin- 
dled to tVnir small ponds connected by slender brooks. 
From Jjong Bond runs Brandy Brook, falling over live 
iiUndreil feet in iess than two miles, into Black Bond, 
which is connnonly given its modern title of Lincoln 
Bond. Black*Bond was named, like the Black river, 
from the color of its water, derived from tlie iron in the 
^oll. Fron) Black Bond the river runs north-east, and 
all ahmg its course yon may find its banks dotted with 
the ruins of mills and forges. 

At "the Kingdom" lies the most memorable ruin, ri- 
valing the mournful intt-rest of "Seventy-five." I have 
always wished some one would tell me why a soulless 
co!-p,, ration ever chose tin.' nanie of "the Kingd'jm Irou 
< Mc CoiiiiKUiy." Was it ^^•lth a bounding hi'pe for the 

-^'^' HiSTom' OF \\'i:sTi'<)irr 

future liko' o\|)ies.secl bv tlio soulhoni negroes in 
tjioir sioijg of "Kijigdoni Come?" At any rate, tljc nau)e 
is all tliat is loft to remark u])on now, and as even tliat. 
does not belong to Westport, we must Ijuiry on down 
the river. ^ 

It is .^ix Inin(]red feet above sea level at Meigsville, 

and four hundred fyet above it at its junction with tlic 

Boquet in Lewis. It has a deseeist from Black Pond 

to the Boijuet of six iiundred and tirty feet. It Avill be 

seen that with this fall, and witli the volume of water 

herein early days, the was of great value to the 

first settlers, and as long as there was u demand for the 

products of milb and forges. To-day there is but one 

mill running along all itscourse,— theone at Brainard's 

Forge,— but, alas, for the ancient pride of the river, the 

•saw is driven by steam I A luindred years ago the river 

ran with full b,-inks, dee^. .-ind still, all the year, but 

now in sumuier it d.wii.d!i-s to a thin stream, spread 

over a pebbly b.ed. The w;.ter i>^ u,n dow noticeably 

dark, exeepi'as it runs ovt-r atones whieh sh..w the 

ooha-iug of b-on ore. I suppose that when the first 

.settlers saw it, it had something of the inky blackness 

of the AuSabhi river in the Chasm, Hashing into white 

:it tln> falls and rapi^ls. 

Four bridges (-ross the lUaek rivei frou) one town-^ 
ship to the (ither. 

The small str.'ams entirelv within the tov/nship are 
numerous. There are at least five flowing into the Bo- 
tpiet, and as many into the Black river. In the centei- 
oi;th-town,liMwi.,-i„!.u/A. :XnrthwestBav,and.ros-;ed 

ifisroiiY uF wKsrroirr -/.v 

iir-ar its inoutli by the biiili^o in the village, is Hoising- 
t< Ill's brook, n;iuied iifter au earl}' settlor. In strict 
justice it shonUl be called the Lovelancl brook, us the 
Lovthuids jtrecedecl the Hoisiugtons on the farm near 
its source, but strict justice does not always prevail in 
the names of plat'es. In some cases our local names 
uo back to the earliest comers, and generation after 
L'l'nfratioii makes no effort to change them, thus pre- 
srrving a record of early history, and pr:;ventiug all 
further confusion. There is something pleasant in the 
tiiought of thus honoring the fii-st settlers, who 
siw the country when it was new, cut the first trees, 
jtloued tlK^ first furrow, and did so much to make it • 
h.ibitable for us who were to come after them. Not that 
1 am mnrmiiring that Hoisiugton brook should be so 
railed. It is a good old name, and that the two fish 
ponds date back only to the day of the Hoisingtons is 
>^ut1it'ient re;\son for naniing the v.hole brook after 
thv-m. lly the roadside, near the bridge at Hois- 
ington's. tlie travidler can see two pretty little ponds, 
one emptying into the othei", and the outlet falling into 
the brool;. The sources (^f the brook are much higher 
in the mountains. This stream was called Mill }3rook 
by the tirst settlers at Northwest Bay. 

1 laiumoHcI Iji'ooJv. 

The Iloisington bro.-k is joined, not far back of the 
vilhige, by another stream coming from the south-west, I 

calh.'d the Uamu)oiid brook. This stream has for one 
<if its soiirc.'s the M.oinitain Spring, which supplies the I 

-">(> II I STORY OF WFsrroirr 

village with water. Of Into yorus it is sometimes spok- 
en of as the Pooler 1. rook, but tht' old name is mucli 
ofteiler used, and is far more np])r(ipriate. Xathan 
Han)mond settled ]\cre nc.t lonp; ;ifter ISOO, and his son 
Gideon, also a'dv.eller by the brook, was a prominent 
mnn in our history, bfing supervisor of the town for 
years, and going to Alliany to rcpn-sent the couiitv in 
the Assembly. They are all gone, long since, but the 
ijame is still used. 

On the map (;f tlie United States Geological Survey, 
though it is quite con-eet so far as the natural 
aspect of the country is concerned, our Hoisington 
brook is miscalled the "Hammond brook," while tht^ 
true Hammond brouk is given n(.) name at all. 

Ofren a stream is known by ditferent names at dif- 
ferent i^oints along its o<un-se. Up in the mountains, 
wliere Josej)!! Stacy, one of the first settlers, owned 
l.'.rge tracts of lan.l. you v.ill hear of "the Stacv brook." 
Near its mouth, whtre it falls into Coil's bar, you will 
hear it called "ColTs l.>rook." But there is still anoth- 
er name. Nothing in all my stinly of our town historv 
has (h'lighted m.- than to lind this l>rook referred 
to, in the tomnii'ii spet-i'h of thtj ne-ighborhood, as "the 
llaymond brook." This is the ohiest survival of no- 
njenclature [ have iliscovered. It dates back to 
that first of all first settlers, Etlwurd Raymond, who 
came here in 177i>, and formed a small settlement at 
the mouth of tlie bi^.;-!.. Janu-s \\ . C'oH cauje to thi> 

iiisrouv or WKS'i I'Ojir .:/ 

\iriiiity in ISdS, ami I l)e;ivel his f^ramlsoii, uitliout <>\\'j^- 
'u^si'nm or preiiUMHtation, refer to this as "tlir^ Jtayinoihl 
hroi)k," thus showing that tiiis was the accepted name 
ill the family. Srii>>ly we eaunot ilo better than to keep 
this up. The hipd in this vicinity may change hands 
as many times in the next quarter century as it has in 
the L-ist, but it is to he ho[)eil that the lit ilo river mav 
never lose thu name ot Jhiyjuoml. Tli,' name of tlio 
original Coll is perhaps sntlieiently honoied bv giving 
liis uame to the bav. 

The Raymond Ijrook, then, is our longest stream, 
with its liighest sour(;e prob.ibly tifteen hundred fe^^t 
above tide, in tlie mountains near the Kiizabetlitown 
\'n\f\ On my map it is made to rise in Xiehols p(md, 
but I am told that this is a mistake, and that the out- 
h-t of the pond is toward the west. It is a beautiful, 
clear niountain strenm, vitli man.y a little fall and cas- 
cade, and still pools full of trout. It nndces a most 
niusical eomj)anion on tlu^ ro.-ul to Sevetdv-liv*', and it 
is a eiuiNiilr-iabU- stream where it tlov,s undrr the high- 
way near A\'illianj Floyd's. When it has come in sight 
of the lake, and Hows under the bridge near the CTruett'e 
resilience, it leaps over a steep ledge of rocks in one 
f-.-'aming sheet. Above the fall is the jiool where half 
tiie town, in ancient times, used to come to wash their 

Mullciii Ih-oolv. 

On Sauthinr's ma[>, maile 1779, of the lake there are 
two of our streams [uit down, — Hoisingtou and Mullein 

'^■2 niSToin' OF wi:sTp(>irr 

bro(/ks. Only cue is f^iven a ii.iiiit', find that tliu hitter, 
v'hioh is called ''Iron or Beaver Cr." Ou the map of 
the Irou Ore Tract, made ISIO, it is called "Uever 
Creek," so that it is plain that this was its early name, 
unchanged for the time of one '/enei'ation. ("13ever" is 
not a misspelling of "J.)ea\er," but the same word in 
the Dutch language. Albany, you remember, was 
calind I)y the Dutch "Beveruyck."; 

In thoold town records, in ISb"), it is spoken of as 
"MoUins brook," and afterward as "Mullens" aiid 
"Mullin" lirook, as though a man by that name lived 
near it, which was ])erhaps the case. It is well-known 
that the heroine of Longfellow's "Courtship of Miles 
StanJish" was namrd Briscilla Mullen. Possibly a de- 
scendant of the family of arch and io\ely wife of John 
Aldeu settled in early days ujion this rushing mountain 
torrent. It is an odd coincidence that there is a liill- 
side, just wliere the highway crosses t!iis brook, vs-hieh 
1 have always stt-n covered with the atifl', untidy, 
]>overty-sti-ickeij haves and stalks of the common mul- 
lein, and I had b.'H.'Ved from childhood that this hill- 
side gave its name to \.\\i- stream. Later years brouhgt 
the retltH'tion that ii was likely to have been named 
l)efore the forest was cut frojn that liill, and now I 
cherish an original thfory of my own. Near the end 
of th(> Frt-ncli and Indian war, one of the men of Bobert 
Bogers, tiie Bang.-r, was sent on a dangerous and dar- 
ing orraml up this sid.- of the lake, fiom Canada to Lake 
George. His nam.' wns Lieutenant Patrick McM alien, 
»ntl 1 ilk.- to b.-ii-,ve that he had some romantic ad- 

iiisToin- or wusri'mrr r>:i 

vj'Hturo near this stream whieii causei] it to be ealloMl 
after his iianio. 

It risfs hi^h in tlie Iron Ore Tract, probably thir- 
t.ieii huii(b-(M] feet aliove sea level, aiul tlows down the 
sivle of Bald Peak with a swift, tumblirtf^ current. In 
tile early days it l^ad strength to ran a mill at "Steven- 
^')u's," but now it can be used only a little wliile in the 
r-]'ring fiood.s. From the mill it dro])s iuto a deep, 
ilark J'avine, at the steep foot of Bald Peak. Between 
this ravine and the r<">ad lies the litth; cemetery, with 
its wiile outlook over the lake and Vermont to the 
s.iutli, and the <i:loomy mountain risino; hi^^h behind it, 
a most picturesque and lonely spot. The brook is 
crossed by the highway and the railroad near its moutli. 
From the highway bridge you can catch the prettiest 
glimpse of the water of the lake, framed in by the arch 
of the culvert under the railroad. The little valley is 
very dtn-p, and the "fiH" of the railroad very high and 
d.-ingerous. Eugiueers know that the embankment here 
is treacherous, and nevei' to be trusted after a heavy 

1)< 'avei- ]>r<)ok. 

South of Raymond brook is a stream comparatively 
short, an<l with many tributaries, called on the Govern- 
nuiut ma]) of ISOG "Beaver Brook." It rises in the 
hills west of the "back road," anil tlows iuto Presbrey's 
bay at the stone bridge, on the lake road. One branch 
"f it comes down the hillside back of Oren Howard's in 
a pretty fall, and runs unJer the giv-at till in the rail- 
roitil thcrt-. Another branch su[»})licd the water 

o-f lusTouY OF wKsrroirr 

tl,e resevAoiv Avlioie tlie locomotives ^^'atel•pJ on tlio 
switch, l)cfore the l.-ir^c resrvwir w;i.s huilt at tho sta- 
tion anil su|'p!itnl !>y the IMonntain, l^[>iing. There is a 
ford at the mouth of tliis lu'ook, and whrn tlie biid-e 
was \\\) for re}>airs. a number of years ago, people who 
liad not l)een^foVfwarned to oo by the back road would 
souietimt's drive thron<;h the shallow waters of the bav 
to reach the Vviad on the other side aoain. After an 
east wind has been blowing, you w'lW find the ^ater 
under the stcjue bridge running wyi stream, from the 
lake iuto the brook. 

This brook is not shown in the large atlas of 1S7G, 
which is a strange oversight fur so accurate a work. 
On the Ciovernment map ol IS'Jl] the bay into which it 
iiows is called '"Mullen Day," which is manifestly 
wrtnig, ami will, 1 have been assured, be corrected in 
the next editimi. 

'i'here is anotiiei- ]n aver l^rook in the northern j>art 
(>f the tow nship. it rises on the western slope of the 
Split ]b)el; range, ami Iimws ni)rth through the Mather 
and \Yhallon f irins into the Boquet river, in Essex. 
The name is a cumnn.n one, and indicates that the first 
settlers found, the b-'aveis and their dams in great num- 
ber on thes^' streams. And now I sujipose there is not 
one V)eaver h ft for thi^ generation to kill. 

^lany litth-^ itow into the lake all along the 
shoi-e, -ome of them div a of the year. "Hc-lfs 
bn.ok" w;i> formerly 'Tb.gers's brook" and is crossed by 
two bridg.-s near the ^Uau^ house at the folk of the 
ro.els. J! run-- tho'nuli tiic v.(.;)ds into a sandv 

insroin' of ]vi:srr(jin' .^.5 

i>iv, aii'l ;it its month was an eucainpnu-nt of Imlian.-i 
v.lion Hozekiali Barber came here in 1785. A httl-3 
-tivam .sets ifi to the head of Sisco Bay, rniniinp; thron5:;h 
!i ih'ep \v.)iuhMl nivine after it crosses the ruad on Mrs. 
L.'i-'s land. Another, near Hunter's Bay, makes its 
^U•nder way dowiK tlie sid-- of the monutain and runs 
i!!to the hdie across a Hat, bare rock, sanK)tlied by the 
action of water and ice for ages. 

Wht'U ohl |ieo])Ie have talked to me. of the streams 
• if onr town as tliey knew them in their youth, they 
iiave always striven to iuj})ress me with the fact that 
ail this country was fur better watered then than it is' 
now. Some short streams have entirely disappeared, 
Mrs. Harriot Sheldon, dau-liter of fdezeklah Barber, 
has told me of a brook which in her girllnjod's days 
van into tlie head of Young's bay, of volume sutlicient 
to run a spinniup; wheel which had been made to work 
by water power. It is known in the family now as ''the 
spinnin,^^ wheol place." And Mrs. William Bichards, 
dauj^hter of Ira Henderson, has "told me hosv high the 
water nsed to come np behind her father's honse, cov- 
ering all the marsh iH the mouth of the bi-ook, so that 
hi.-; l)oat:-. came to the foot of his garden to load and un- 
load tlieir freight. Old boatmen will tell vou the same. 


r)f niMiiiiiains surely we have g<jod st(jre, but of single 
peaks with a distinctive history hardly cuie. I'lirough 
tli" centre of the t'jwnship lies a v.illey of irregular 

. oo jusroin' of westpojit 

sbaj.e, rLiniiiuo- back to the uortliwest, from tlie lake t<. 
the ]Mack and Boquet iiv.,.rs. TJiis valley is widest on 
the lake front, and extends from Head lands on the 
north to .the southern extremity of Bessboro. It 
contains all the tillable land of the township, of 
^vhic•h the most valuable are those of the southern 
lake front and the rich bottom lands of the Boquet. 
The few farn^s between Coon mountain and the Split 
Rock ranoe, in the valh-y of the Boquet, should be 
added to this area. All the rost of the town is rou-h 
wouutaiuous country, covered with timber, with " here 
and there a high, sandy farm, cleared when tJ.e countrv 
was new, whose light soil is easily cultivated, but ].ow- 
erless to make rich returns. We may be said to have 
two mountain systems, although when the Adirondacks 
are viewed as awhole, both belong to the Schroon ran-e, 
Avhich extends from Schroon Lak^' t(^ Split Bock. IMie 
mountains to the south-west of onr fiaiitful and inhab- 
ited valley we call the Bon Oiv Tract. to the 
liorthe.ust we call the Snlit Bock range. 

The valley mentioned lends a beaudful variety to the 
sky line as s.ef, from the lake, as it slopes upward from 
the head of the b.y, wh-re the village lies, back to th.- 
lii-hlands of Bli/:d.u.thtown, .bviding the dark mass of 
bills which lor.n tin. Jron On- Tract fron. th,- ru-^ed 
spursoftheSplitno.k range, pushing boldly intoU.e 
lake. Through the gap are se.n, sketclu^d in the 
fine blue of mountain distances, the outlines of Mount 
Ilurncan. and t!u. .By peaks. Against a sunsU ^kv 

jnsTom' OF ]yj:sTPO]iT nj 

:ii)il roflected in tlit* still water of the bay, it is a si^lii; 
t., lio tliiiiikful for. 

The hipjliost mouutain in town has no name, of its 
own. It lies in the south-west corner of the town, and 
i> nineteen hundred feet hi<^h. It is between Stacy and 
MuIUmu brooks, and its summit may be pointed out as 
the one next north of that of Bald Peak. Between it and 
I'.ald Peak lies the high valley through which passes the 
'•Bald Peak road." 

The Schroou range attains its highest elavatiou in 
Bald Peak, which rises two thousand and sixty-five feet 
above tide. It is now in Moriah, though it belonged 
to ancient "\Vestport. Seen from the lake road, nearj 
tii^ cv-nietery, it seems a noble height, rugged and grand. 
It is easily ascended from Mineville, on its western 
slope. Its summit was an important point in the meas- 
urement of distances in the Adirondack Survey of Ver- 
plauck Colvin, as you may read in his report. Upon 
the map of the Gc()l(;gical Survey of 1S92, (edition of 
Is'.iN, it is named "Bald Knob" instead of Bald Peak. 
This is, I think, to distinguish it from the "Bald Peak" 
of Elizabethtown* which is nearly a thonsand feet 
higher. The change of name is a very reasonable 
fnu^, and my mind was fain to further it, but I have 
f'Hind local usage so persistent that I have subsided fronr 
the reformer to the mere unreasoning chronicler. 

The people who live nearest neighbors to the mount- 
ains have names for all the heights, like the Harper 
mountain, (named after a family who lived at its foc>t 
i.'i L-arly times,) thy Xichols Poud niountaius, etc. I. 

o.y ni^Toiiv OF wKSTi'oirr 

believe tlie hei\u,!it back of the old Broiul'V place, wLeie 
William Smitii now lives, is called the Bromley luount- 
aiu. It is over a thousand I'ef^t high, aud eveu from the 
foot of it, whero tlie house stands, a remarkable view is 
obtained, looking o\er the vSplit Eock range down the 
lake. At the top it must be magnificent. The mount- 
ain back of Xichols pond, v.diere the iron mines are, is 
Campbell mountain, named, ivom an early owner ijf 
the ore beds. 

The 8plit Hock range forms one continuous mass 
from Headlands to Split Piock, penetrated by but one 
carriage roail, in the whole distance the one going in to 
Hock Harbor. There area naml)er of well worn tia Is 
across the mountidns, following the valleys, and the 
heights are by no means inaccessible. The highest 
point is (.)ne thousand aud thirty-tive feet, aud is called 
Cirand View. Tt vises almost sheer from the waters 
of the lake. This is tlje m(nintain which frowns upon 
you as you enjerge form the mout.h of Otter Creek, dark 
uilh its iron rocks anil its evergreen trees, and with the 
buildings of' the old Iron Ore Bed works clinging to a 
narrow shelf half way up the side. 

A spur of the S[)lit Hock range to the westward, its 
base washed by the Doijuet Biiver, is Coon njountuin. 
lis name is desciiptive even now, us it is not at all un- 
common for a raccoon to be killed within its shadow. 
■Its l)eight is luu; thousan^l and tifteen feet. Standing 
on the ramparts of Crown Point fort, you may see its 
scalloped outlin.'s against the sky, and it is a well- 
knov. n l.ti;d!a;ok n[> and .lown the lake. 

uisToin' OF wHsrroirr oft 

jioral Diinies nvc Ilig£,niisou's ;iiul Lop's inomitjuns, 
niul ^ileilin's Penk, a fanciful luiine for u liill near the 
ro:ul, on the \vest of the Split Hock range. 


Xi.-holH l\>ii(l, 

Our })onds cannot be said to be nnnierous when one 
considers that we are reckoned as belonging to the 
.-Vdirondack country. All that we have lie within the 
Iron Ore Tract. The largest is Nichols pond, lying 
\\ill back in the. mountains, not far from the town line. 
("liack," in our parlance, may always be understood to 
man '"toward the west," or "away from the lake.") It 
li--s fourteen hundred feet above sea level, and is sar- 
i*-unded bv high forest-clad mountains. It is less 
than a mile in length, and has twc> islands. u{>(>n 
one of which is a peiiuauent cnai[). No highway runs 
i.t ar it, but it is reache'l by two trails, one from the 
• ast, the other from the south, each about two miles 
long. If you go in -from the east, you will leave the 
liighway near Ed. McMahon's, not far from the |)lace 
vJiere the charcoal kiln stood for so many years, and 
follow up the track of the old tra!n road, which will 
l>-ad you direct to the ])ond. This tram rc^ad was built 
lo carry ore from the mines to the highway, but 
was never finished. You will find the ruins 
of the separator which scfvarated the ore after it was 
rai>rd from the miue,neai the nortii-yrn end of tlu'pond. 

,r.(> 1/ /STOAT or WFsrroirr 

The ovigiual Juhu Nichols, after wlioui tlie poud was 
iiaDied, lived whore Ed. McOIahon now docs. He came 
iii sometime daring the tirst decade of the nineteenth 
century, and now lies buried, with others of the same 
name and race, in tlie Hoisingtou cemetery. Within 
the past few years I liave heard some peop'e who were 
not acquainted witl) the iiistory (^f this region call the 
poud "Nicholas pond," an error caused by a misunder- 
standiiJg of the name. The earliest name given it was 
"Spring Pond," as is shown on the nicip of the Iron Ore 
I'ract, made in 1810. This name is very appropriate, 
as there is no doubt that the poud is fed main'y by 
springs iu the bottom. There are but a few small in- 
lets, quite iusuflii'ieLt to maintain such a body of water. 
The outlet according to the latest Government survev, 
is through Cohl Brook, flowing from the southern end 
of the [)onvl, westward U) theJilack river. On the Piatt 
Pogers map of 178.3 the Stacy brook is made to rise in 
two ponds not far ai^ar^, and of nearly the same size, one 
of which is no doulit intendi-d [(»• our Nichols ])on<i. 
That part of the map was not based on actual survev, 
and is maiilfcstly int^xact. On the niap of the Imn 
Oie Tract it i> im[u.ssil'.lf to tind the outlet, as the pa- 
per was folded across the pond, and has worn entirely 
away in the creases. A gentleman who camped fm- 
.several summers at the pond has assureil me that the 
Government survey is right, and the older ma])s wrong. 
The trail to the jioutl from the south gees in from the 
road to SL'Veiity-livM, a little way east of Levi Moore's. 

msroiiv OF wicsrroirr r>i 

'I'liis wav it is ]i(i!^sil)lo tf> drive in witli a loaded tfani. 
11. .ill tlipso (rails you ^ill find well worn, as tliey are 
u.-( il w ^roat deal all tluougli t1i(^ season, can)i)ini,' ]iai' 
tifs sonietirnes staying late in the fall, 'i'lie pond is a 
favorite resort for convalescents or for tlio.-,p threatened 
with limp; troubles, on account of its elevation, and 
suiue cures have been thou<i'ht to datn from a sojourn 
licic. The famous WilU'v l{ouse, in }\<^ene, so well- 
known as a refuse for victims of liay fever, has an ele- 
valii:)n of only seventnen hundred and sixty feet, and 
niaiiy popular jilaces in the Adirondacks have no <;reat- 
«-r elevation than Nichols I'ond. 

Women seldom visit the pond, hecanse of the rough 
walliufj; thron;;li the woods, but ])arties sire sometimes 
n.atle uj) for theii- esp^^cial convenience. 

For an invalid with any predisposition to heait 
trduble, fourteen iiundrc.l hn^t is a much safer elevatit)n 
thai) eighteen hundred or two tiiousiind. 

North I\.)ijtl. 

'idie pond next in siz(^ is North pond. This bes in 
tile sontluvestern corner of the township, and its name 
indicates that its lirst discoverer came in from the south. 
It is the most northern of three ponds wdiich feed Bart- 
l''tt bror.k, in Moriah. its outlet tlous south through 
•"^-•Vf.'nty-tive into IJartlett pond, which lies just over the 
bne hi M<uiah. Mr. Walter Wilherbee of Tort Henry 
has ;i sumuier cottage on North pond. occuj)ied iu the 
hunting season. 'J'he pond lies higher than the main 
'"•■id, and is not in siitht from it. 


There is a smull pond, callfd by tliat often iiseil iiml 
most blii^ditin;^ name of "Mud pond," half a mile or 
more soutli of North ])oi]d, which is ahso one of tlie 
head waters of the Bartlett brook. It is icachcd by a 
trail from thehi|^hway. On the northern side of Camp- 
bell mountain is a tiny pond, hardly worth mention, 
and on the eastern side (jf Coon mountain is a shallow, 
marshy pond, reached by iu road whioh turns in north 
of Mout^ville's. Doubtless there are others in town 
wliich have never come to my notice. 

The ponds at Hoisiugton's are artificial, and were 
made by !Marcas Hoisington, I have been told, by dam- 
ming natural springs. They lie by the side of the road, 
at the turn near the old Hoisiiigton place, and for many 
years it was a pretty sight to look down upon them as 
one passed b_v, but of lati; they are somewhat over- 
grown by underbrush. One empties into the other, and 
the outlet liow.s into the [ii)isingtou brook. They were 
«)riginally intended U)v the breeding of fish. 

In one respect the Hammond (sometimes called the 
Pooler) brook is the most remarkable of all our 
streams, and the one of most importance to the village 
of Westport, in that it rises in the Mountain Spring. 
Me>st of the brooks have innumerable tiny sources high 
on the sides oi the mountains, little trickles out of 
pockets of wet moss, dripping down the clitis to j<)iu 
other tiny streams until a brook is formed, but here a 
large >i})ring, fully a rod across and three or four feet 
deep, bursts out at tiie font of a hill, and Hows awav a 
full stream. The elevation is less than six hun-lifd 


U-A, juid there must be reservoirs of supply somowliore 
ill the valleys of the iiiouutaiDS which so dark to 
westward. I ouce heard some of the mouutain dweU 
It r>, whose fathei's and j^'randfathers roamed these hill- 
sides nil tlieir live:"», knowinji; little of any other ])art of 
the world, f^ravely discussing the question whether this 
^i'lin.ii; might not be an outlet to Nichols pond. h. 
river tiowin«; two mile.s and a half nnderground, with a 
fall f>f eight hundred feet, makes a picture delightful to 
om-'s imagination, with its suggestion of Coleridge's 
"lvnV»la Khan," 

"Wiif-re Al])h, the sacred rive)', ran, 
Through caverns tneasurt-less to man, 
Down to a sunless sea." 

And I heard too, nt tlie same time, legends of a "Lost 
Ihook," which uiight be followed for a long way by 
Sdiiu' lone tishevm;iu, who would at last come to a deep 
]'('(il beneath overhanging boulders, and there the brook 
V. ould disapi>ear entirely, and never could be traced 
Hni)ther rod. I have clierished these tales for their hint 
of a folk-lore among our pi'osaic people. 

This mountain spring was earlv a precious posses- 
siiMi. well-known to the first settlers, and no doubt 
t" the Indians befoi'e them. I think it was Joseph 
Stacy who cleared the f(M-ests from the field near the 
s]>iing. and he gained but a l)arren pasture thereby. 
Ibu th(- little glen arouml the spiing, and through 
whicii the brook flows away down the hills, is still 
shaded with trees. The water is very clear nnd soft, 
a!:.l snpj.lies all the village through pi[)es. The plao- 


is not si5 wild and pretty 'siuco tlie pavilion has beeu 
l)uilt over tlio sprinj^ by the water compaii}', but the 
tlow of water iu the brook is not perceptibly dimin- 
ished by the hir^;e quantity drawn away daily, especi- 
ally in the summer. The water is carried to the railway 
station, where it fills the great stone reservoir, to Stony 
Sides and to Jacksonville. 

In the southeastern corner of the town, about a half 
mile from the lake and not far from the railroad, lie the 
Adirondack Springs, four in number. I believe tlie 
analysis shows them to be very similar to the famous 
springs of Saratoga, and I am sure they liave much the 
same forbidding taste. They have had great local 
celebrity since the first settlement, especially in the 
cure of skin diseases. Twenty years or more ago Mr. 
George Spencer bought tlje property, built spring 
houses over the spiing.s, hung np ;>. framed analysis of 
their waters, and invited fame and i^-osperity to the 
spot, but neither responded in ;niything but a moderate 
digroe, and the mantle of Saratoga has not yet fallen 
upon us. 

Almost every farm has one or two small springs 
for domestic u-e, though iu some places the tell-tale 
windmill proclaims the i)overty of the water supplv. 



Our short summer is full of luxuriant life. Though 
wo call our mouutains barren, because they produce so 
little with which" to support human life, they are covered 
with the richest foliage everywhere except u]3ou the 
steepest ledges and elites. All the country is green and 
beautiful with a wealth of vegetable life. 

Oar most common trees, are the maple, elm, birch 
and oak. There is the soft maple, which has every 
twig as red as coral in the spring, and the rock maple, 
or sugar maple, which furnishes a staple industry in the 
season of sugar making. The elm is not so common 
nor so large as in the Connecticut valley, but its grace- 
ful shape is seen in every landscape. One of our dis- 
tuictive trees is the white birch, slender, with delicate 
foliage, apparently always young. The finest oaks that 
1 know are those at the Hunter place, on North Shore. 
They look as though they saw war-dances of 
JiT.,piois, and would hold those great limbs out for cen- 
turies after we are ail gone. Ash and poplar are also 
common. Ou the highlands we find the white ash, 
goud for timber, and in the swamps the worthless black 
^'--h. The shimmering poplar is one of our pret- 
tiL-st. forest trees, and we have the Lombardy poplar, 
I'ut that, of course, is a tran.splanted tree, brought in 
Jiom New England, whence it came from old England, 
^^^■ho jiad it from Italy, who had it first from Persia. 
J'iiere are only a few in town, but the fine row at Basin 
Harl>or make a decorative efFect veiy noticeable on a 


clear day. Other tiansplnuted trees, not native to our, are the iocnst, a favorite in old-fashioned door- 
yards for the sake of its fragrant blossoms in the sprinrr; 
the mountain ash, brought from liigh mountain levels 
for the beauty of its great scarlet bunches of berries; 
the horse-chestnut, Avith its spikes of blossoms, the 
silver maple, and the "balin of Gilead." Our basswood 
is the English linden, I have been told, and its blos- 
soms are loved by the bees. 

Our-nut trees are the hickory, which we always call 
the walnut, the butternut, and the beech. We have neither 
the chestnut tree nor the black walnut, although a few of 
the latter have beeu set out as an experiment. In this 
climate many of the shells of the black walnut will be 
found to be empty. The haxel nut is common, growing 
on wayside shrubs, and the weird witch hazel, with its 
wild Xovcnd)t>r l)lossoms. Hardback, willow, aiders 
sumac, osier.— I am afraid I shall not name thorn all. 

Our evergreen trees are pine, spruce and hemlock, 
with some cedar and balsam, and an occasional tam- 
arack. The juniper sprawls untidily over barren cleared 
fields. Wild vines are the bitter-sweet, the clematis or 
smoke-vine, the wild grape, the wood-bine, and the 
dreaded poisi^i i\ v. 

Every field has strawl>erries in June, and raspberries 
a little later along the fences, and then blackberries. 
You may find a f-w blueberries on the mountain 
sides, but nothing like tlie blueberry plains of Saranac, 
where they are scoop, d olV the bushes ^^\ih tin dipj.ers 


;iml brou<;ht dowu to tlio lowlands iu wagon-loads to 
1h> sold. 

Our CLiltivatod fruit trees are the apple, pear, cherry 
and plum. We are too far north for peaches, quinces 
or prunes, though I have known them all to be raised 
as an t^xperimeut. The apple crop of the Champlain 
vnlley is acknowledged to be as good as anything in the 
market, and Vrestporl raises large qaatititics of apples. 

I suppose there is not a dangerous wild auinuil left 
in Westport, even in the recesses of the mountains. 
]5iit I may perhaps speak too confidently, as I remem- 
ber that within twenty years our oldest hunter, Mr. 
Hinckley Coll, brought into the village the carcass of a 
b.-ar which he had caught in a trap somewhere in the 
bills back of his farm. 1 ate a piece of the steak cut 
from it myself, and very black and tough it seemed. 
Even as I write, is there not alawsuit pending, in which 
rh;ugt:s are made against some person, not a bear, who 
stole a bear trap from a mountain side? I believe the 
trap was set a long time ago, and the person who stole 
it is dead, and the lawsuit the ex[nession of a mountain 
f'Hid, but it shows that we have not forgotten what 
bear traps are, at any rale, and so has its value as a 
picturesque incident. Panthers have been extinct 
williiij our limits a longer tiuje than bears, but the old 
p'^ojile can still tell you stcn'ies about wolves. Mr. 
Henry Uetts has told hju of shee[) cauglil by wolves 


vhon lie w;is a young man, living on a farm on tli(! 
M-estern slope of tlio Split iJock range, and of bears 
who came iiroLHul the out-buildiugs at night. 

The moose were gone more than two generations ago, 
and the beaver, so harmless and so easily killed, was 
soon exterminated by the eai'ly settlers. 

The largest wild animal VNhifh we ever see is the 
deer. Their gentle hiibirs lead them sometimes to seek 
pasturage among shee() and cattle in outlying pastures. 
Foxe^an'l rabbits we have, the "fretful porcupine," 
dangerous to inexi^erienced dogs, the loud and fre- 
• queut skunk, the solemn woodehuok. the striped-baek 
chipmunk, the pert red squin'el, the beautiful silver 
gray squirrel, whose tail is such a splendid plume, and, 
though rare, the Hying squirrel. There are muskrats 
around the brooks, sometimes a mink or !i marten. 
The farmer's boy has stories of tlie elusive weasel, and 
the raccoon is still occasionally killed. Swarms of wild 
bees are found and hived ever}- season bv lovers of the 
gentle craft of "hunting bee trees." 

Mosquitoes we know, esjx-cially if living neai- the 
edge of the woods, but they are seldom troublesome 
after June. The dreaded black-liy of the mountains I 
have never seen here. 

I think our only game bird is tlie partridge. AVe 
have all the northern singing birds, robin, boboliid<, 
blue-bird, chicka.lee, phebe-bird, oriole and the cat- 
bird, or American mocking-bird, with its two distinct 
songs. Th^- swallow builds uniler the eaves of barns, 
and the I'l.'gli^h sp;irrow is n.-iM" in the village street.-. 

niSTonY OF WKSTPuirr c.) 

\Vt.' are sure that spring lias come only -when we liave 
li. aril, tlie eJge of the evening, the cry of the whip- 

The oldest family %vhieh can trace lineal descent 
within the bordej-s of the town is that of the rattle- 
siiake. They are found in but one locality— that of 
the remoter parts of the Split Rock range. Here they 
have d. lis in the rocks, and when there was a bounty 
paid by the town for each rattle, people living near by 
used to go iuto^ the mountains to their dens and kill 
tliem in large numbers. I believe the bounty is no 
longer }iaid, which seems a pity, as tiiese unpleasant 
iifigiibors must be increasing. There is no record of 
any jiersou being bitfeii by them within the memory of 
living man. I have tried to draw out rattlesnake stories 
from people who ha^e lived long in the rattlesnake re- 
gion, but never heard of even a cow in the pasture whicli 
suth-red fiom the wound of a rattlesnake bite. I have 
been told tiiat it was unpleasant to find one of the un- 
canny things in a cock of hay in the liay field, or to 
i;ome upon one sleeping comfortably in your back 
kitchen, but the rattlesnake is not pugmicious, and 
Would rather run than tight. The Indians tried to pro- 
pitiate them by always speaking politely of them as 
"the (jld briglit inhabitants." 

70 mSrORY OF ]VESTl'OnT 


The climrit*' of We.stport is, lilse it.s dialect, tluit of 
New EDgfaud. It is often described by the uatives, 
(who couM not be induced to exchange it for that of 
any other spot on earth,) as "nine months winter and 
tiiree luontiis hite in the fall. " Granting that there are 
moods and seasons wlien this description has a ring of 
solemn rcahty, it fails as a literal formula in one essen- 
tial poii;t. It gives an impression of continuity, of 
monotony, and never, never coald the worst enemy of 
our climate call it monotonous! No, we have endless 
variety. Our winter is long ami cold. A fire lighted 
to warm the house in November will not be suffered to 
go out until the next March, perha}>s April. We do not 
expect much snow until after Christmas, though in ex- 
ceptional years we iiave had a heavy fall for Thanks- 
giving which has stayed upon, the ground until the next 
spring. If yL»u \Aiiiter in 'W'ostport, pray for snow. 
Anything but an "o[u-n \\ inter." A foot of hard packed 
snow, gooil sleighing, no drifts, a clear air, and life may 
be not only toleial>le but merry. Even heavy snows, 
A\ith high wiiiiUai)d dee]) drifts, have an inteiest nud 
eujovmt.nt, and st.-t one to quoting lines from "Snow- 
bound" with much relish. Often there are ujarveKnis 
displays of the aurora borealis, on clear cold nights. 

The lake freizi-s over at any time between the first 
(»f January and the middle of February. About once in 
every generation there comes one of those exceptional 
•winters when the lake does not freeze over at all. If 
it frte/e-< late, W(; ate likelv ti) have no uood C10S?,inL' 

JUsmHV OF WKSrrnRT 71 

on tlio ii'.! from Westport to B;isiu Barbor, a distaiico 
of foui- miles. The crossing; from Aruold's bay to 
I5arl>er's pt>int is t4ic ouo most used. The lake is uai-- 
rouor from Rock Harbor to Basin Haibor, br.t this is 
t'litirrly out of the ordinary line of travel. When the 
ii-e is discovered' to be firm enough to bear up a horse, 
sotiio one, usually a man living nciir the shore, "whose 
family, perhaps, has pei'formefl the sau)e public service 
for generations, like the Barbers of Barber's point, will 
g() on the ice and '"bush out a road" from one shore to 
the other, choosing the best places to cross the cracks, 
turning out for air holes, etc. This road is outlined by 
I'Ushes fixed in holes in the ice, and v.-ill be used by all 
travelers until the ice becomes weak and treacherous 
in the S[u-iug. 

The ice breaks up, as a rule, between the last of 
March and th,e first of ^fay. Sometimes it nielts slowly 
ihd gradually under a constantly rising temperature, 
but more often it goes out with tenspestuous winds, 
which toss and grind it against the shore, sometimes 
piling it many feet high. The bi-eaking up of the ice 
is always eagerly longed for, and occasions much re- 
mark and discussion.' The relief from tlie tension of 
the "long and dreary winter" is always very noticeable. 

Charles Dudley Warner described our s|)ring when 
he dtscribed that of New England, — tiiat is, he de- 
>eril)ed one siuing, kn(->wing full well that noone spring 
time is ever like another. Sometimes it is long and 
tedious, exaggerating Coleridge's line. 


"Spriiifi^ couK-s slowly up this way." 

Sometimes we Lave a howling blizzard one week, and 
the next,, — 

"Now is the winter of our discontent 
Made glorious summer — " 
uni] we.liave not had an}' spring at all. 

1 have gathered pussy willo\\s by the side of a dusty 
ro-.rd early in March, and on the other hand, I have 
seen 'my tomato plants seared by a frost the first night 
in June. These two events represent the extremes of 
my owe- experience, and m;iy be takeu to demonstrate 
the fact that upon our calendar spring is a movable 
feast. But, — "Thanks be !" as Mr. Dooley says, it al- 
ways i.s spring when it comes, and it always brings 

No higher praise of our summers can be said or sung 
than that over and over again, year after year, they 
force us to forgive our climate for the winters. Our 
summers and autumnsarethe loveliest in the world.or at 
least they seem so to us who love the "north couutree." 

I have no statistics of the temperature, or the rain- 
fall, or the velocity of th« wind, nor do I know that any 
one ever took the trouble to observe these things scien- 
tiiically in Westport. I know that the thermometer 
sometimes touches ninety degrees above in the sum- 
mer, and twenty below in the winter, but these are ex- 
tiemes not repeated in every season. 

Along the lake shore the tem}>erature is equalized to 
a certain degree by the i)roximity of a large body of 
water, so that sudden changes are iivt so much felt a> 


ill the inoiuitaiiis. Frost comes earlier in tlte autnuiii 
Miul later in tlio spring upon the highlands than aloiif,' 
t!ie lake, and of course "Nichols pond and the rjve)- 
freeze much earlier than Lake Champlaiu. 


Our dialect you will find reproduced in the New 
llni^land fiction of Miss Wilkius, Miss Jewett and Mr. 
}h. wells. You will also find it iu "David Harum." 
}>nt its most ]ierfect copy, drawn with the keenest sense 
of its shades and fancies, you will find in the inimitai)lf 
sketclies of Kowland E. Robinson. He is dead now, 
alas I and he will never take us again to hear the talk 
iii "Uncle 'Li.-;ha's Shop," nor let us go hunting with 
Sau) Lovel. How well he knew the speech of the 
ciiuiitry frdk, and with what love and enjoyment he set 
it di»wn ! He Hved only a few miles away, across the 
l:'ke in the town of Ferrishurgh, near I5asin Harbor, 
and the people that he knew had the same ways, and 
th«- same thoughts and the same forms of expression as 
the people of \Vest])ort. Our amazement-is t^ometimes 
♦•^pressed iu the mysterious a!lusi,-)u of "What iu Sam 
Hill I" or "What in tunket!" We clip out of our 
^peech every vowel and consonant that can })ossibly l)e 
spared. We say, "We sh'd think 't Sam Lov'l 'n' 
I't'l'tiah 'n' 'mongst 'em might 'a' ketched ev'ry dam 
fish 'n th' lake b' this time," ]>recisely like Mr. Robin- 
son's characit-rs. At the same time, most of us ar^ 
ptifi'ctly well able to wiile a letter in good dictionary 


English, or to m;ike a speech, or to carry on a conver- 
BatFon, and ouly drop into the dialect when we feel it 
quite proper to the occasion. ^Ye are conscious of our 
dialect and connoisseurs iu its use, like the Scotch, and 
unlike the English, v.ho drop tljeir h's and final g's in 
serene belief that all the world does the same. 

But we have those among us who are not conscious of 
their dialect. I do not mean the city visitors, hut the 
French Canadians who form a certain proportion of our 
population. Mr. Rohinson has given us the type in his 
Antwine,-r-and many and many an "Antwine" is ours ! 
His broken speech, a mixture of Canadian patois and 
Yankee English, his small wiry form, the traces of his 
Indian ancestry shown in swarthy skin, high cheek 
bones, black bead-like eyes and straight black hair, his 
industry, his cleanliufss and thrift, his incapacity to 
rise to wealth or oiliee, his illimitable family,— all 
these characteristics mark the people known familiarly 
and not disresj^eclfally as "Canucks." They probably 
came iu very early, as soon as laborers were required 
upou the farms or in the iron works, and, easily satis- 
tied with simple conditions, have been content to stay. 
These two forms (jf dialect seem to have moditied 
each oth r but little, the native New England speech 
being altogether the ]3revailing language. A close ob- 
server can trace in the latter some moditicatious caused 
by the summer floods of strangers from Boston and 
New York. Thus the youth who was \yont to answer 
an inquiry with a drawling "Wha-a-at ?" and a vacuous 
stare, la '\gawp" w.> call ir iu th.; dialoct,) uow vosi.ouds 


with :v "iVji: pnvdon?" and an e)i^af^iu^ stuilo. The bear 
stnn'--> .^f Tho OKlcst Inhabitant are still couched in the 
origin.t,' ti^iii:;uo, but the hotel porter wlio takes yonr bag 
at thf- >:cition might defy yon to prove liim not born in 





Indian Occiipation. 

The thst iuhabitaiits of Westport were tbe savage 
Iroquois, one of the most powerful of the native 
tribes. Their uomad life, with hoines in wigwauran.l 
lod^e, was pbculiavly adapted to leaving no permanent 
trace upon the soil. The beaver whom they 
hunted has left more lasting impress of his labor 
than they. The red Indian never built a dam, aud the 
barl: cauoo which was the crowning eftbrt of his skill 
and industry needed no wharf at which to laud. ^ hy 
should he bridge a stream that his enemy might cross 
more quickly than he ? But we often pick up an arrow 
head, chipped with iutinite patience out of stone. On 
laud that has been cultiv;Ued for a cuutury, we plow up 
arrow heads with puiut and edges as sharp as when the 
Indian hunter took aim along the shaft and pulled the 
bow string to send it on its errand to fcje or prey. 

If we can point to any local monument of the Indian, 
it is in two plact-s wliich we call Indian burying grounds, 
from the quantity of arrow heads which have been 
found there. P<M-ha]>s Wf should c;dl them battle grounds 
if otir kiiov.l.:d;.'.> was luorc couqilcte. Uu the Ijotpi-t 

HISTORY OF Wh'ST/'njrr 77 

rivt-r, a I'^ttlo below "Wadhaiiis Mills, is a ])liic(' always 
icftjiiod to as "the old iiitlian buryiug grouud," and on 
tilt' shore of Lake Chani])lain, south of the villap;e and 
tiMith of Holt's brook, is another. Here I ain tolil that 
Imndreds of arrow heads have been discovered. 

Another remarkable si^n of Indiau oceu])ation is 
fMUiul on the top of one of the mouutaius of the Split 
ilni'k range, overlookiir^ North Shore, on the land 
bought in 1838 by Uv. William Guy Hunter. Here are 
found quantities of stone chippings, such as are left when 
Indian pipes and other utensils are made, and which 
always indicate an Indian work-shop. The place couj- 
mands an extended view, and no doubt some tribe of 
t!it^ Iroquois was,iu the habit of encamping here at in- 
tervals in its wanderings. The stone chi}ipiugs a-e of 
a peculiar kind of stone, unlike any in the vicinity, and 
gf-ologists say that it is found only on the shores of 
Lake Superior. Students of Indian character and cus- 
ttiiiis find no dilBeulty in believing that the stone was 
brought here from that placr. and supplied material for 
tilt' lirst manufacture cai-ried on upon our soil. 

Large, bowl-like hollows, worn into the solid rock, 
fonud on the hillsides of the Split Ivick range. I have 
ln'ard called "Indian Mortars," but these are no doubt 
due to glacial action. 


Tlie first white man whose eyes rested u])ou the 
shores of Westport was the discoverer of the lake, the 
bra\e ajjd brilliant Samuel ile Champlaiu, a soldier in 


the service of France. He passed by on July 4, IGOO 
the leador of an Indian war-party in twenty-four canoes. 
After tif^htinj:; a battle at the head of the lake with the 
Iroquois, he returned, near the end of July, passiup; by 
again on his way to Quebec, founded only the year be- 
fore. His remark upon the eastern border of what is 
now Essex county is this ; "These parts, though agree- 
able, ar<j not inhabited by any Indians, in consequence 
of their wars." In this it was said to be different to 
the opposite shore, the level bottom lands of Vermont, 
where vvere many Iroquois villages, with cultivated 

Another reason doubtless influenced the ludians in 
their avoidance of these shores. It was that they were 
a corn-raising people, so far as their practice of the art 
of agriculture went, and our clay soil is not adapted to 
corn. An Indian village was always set up u})on sandy 
or gravel'} lomn, if jiussible. Then the deep water of 
the lake, with the wide sweep for storms upon it, was 
very dangerous for the Indian's frail canoe, and for 
common every day life he chose shallower water. 

We do not know the name of tiie first white man who 
set foot upon our soil, but there is little doubt that it 
was one of the band of Jesuit missionaries who followed 
close after Champhiiu, traversing all this region again 
and again with the tireless feet and the unquenchable 
liopo of the religious fanatic. Devoted, highmindeil 
men were those missionaries, with an utter disregard 
of selfish motives unsurpassed in the history of the 
mind of r!:an. They lived among the savages, making 


tl,»'U) selves snbjVct unto Ihein, and often faiiuij \v(>i->.e 
tliau tliev. They were as patient as they were brave 
a!i(l no snliliuiity of heroism can ever rise altove tht^ 
M-rcnity with which they lookeil forward to niartyi'ilom 
u>. the consuinnuition of their work. 

There is a singular proof of the visits of thesf n)i^^- 
>ionaries to our shores. In the snnuner of 1S75, Dr. 
St- wall S. Cuttinf]^, while walkiujj; along the slunt of the 
lake near Hunter's Uay, on North Sliore, found among 
Wiv sand aud pebbles a little ebony image of the Virgin 
and Child, such as might be used in the devotions of a 
devout Catholic, or shown to the wcuidering eyes of 
ravages, liearing for the first time of the >[other and 
Child of l^etlilehem. This image must have been lost 
Iv a missionary qr bv some one of his dusky converts, 
perhaps in the time of Oham[ilain. [>erha[)S much later. 
Ir may have lielonged. to Father Jogues himself, one of 
the most interesting and ]')athetic figures in all the his- 
tory of New France." 

Isaac Jogues was born in Orleans, France, in IT.OT, 
He was a Roman Catholic })ricst, and belonged 
to the order of Jesuits. He came tf> the new coi _ 
tin< lit ill lOoG, passing through the settlement on the 
St. Lawrence to the Indian mission on Lake Huron, to 
which he had been assigned. Heie he remained six yeais, 
l.tliorint: with self-sacriticing fervor in his barren field, 

•The im.iye found by Dr. Cutting was presented by him to the museum 
o! Brown Uni»ersity, where it may probably be seen now. If Wistport had had 
» rnuseuni of her own, as every town should hive, this interesting- relic would now 
be treasured ia the scenes to which it belongs. 

'SO lllSTunr OF WKSTl'ORT 

ciud iij ]G42he weut to Quebec to obtain supplies In- 
his mission, lietuniiiij:^ in ji canoe whicli Avas cue of 
the foremost in a little fleet of twelve, filled with Huron 
Inclians, he was ca])tured at the mouth of the Pvicholieu 
river by a party of Iroquois, and carried captive up the 
Richelieu and Lake Champlain, to the south. He mi^lit 
have escaped, but seeing his companions taken, he p;ave 
himself up. He v,as beaten with -war-clubs, and his 
linger nails tornolTby the teeth of the Iroquois. The 
two priests with him, Couture aud Goupil, were also 

"On the eighth day," (Aug. 9,) says Parkman, in his 
"Jesuits in North America," "they approached 
camp, on a small ishmd near the southern end of Lake 
Champlain. The warriors, two hundred in number, 
armed with clubs and thorny sticks, raiiged themselves 
in two lines, between wliich the captives were compelled 
to pass up the side of a rocky hill. On the way, they 
were beaten with such fury that Jogues, who was tlie 
last in the line, fell powerless, drenched in blood and 
half dead. As the chief man among the French cap- 
tives, he fared the worst. In the morning they re- 
sumed their journey. And ntnv the lake narrowed to 
the semblance of a trauvpiil river." 

That the island im-ntioued was the one now included 
within tlie limits of the township of Westport, aud 
sometiuus called "No Man's Land," there is no doubt 
whatever. Tht-re are no other islands near the south- 
ern fu I of the hikt; cNctpt I'ock and Mud islands, near 


the Yermout shore, anJ ueither oue is hirge enough to 
aiVor^l a camp for two huiulred ludiaus. 

The captives were taken by way of Lake George 
to the Iroquois vilhip;esou the Mohawk river. For a year 
Jop;nes remained a miserable captive among these hn- 
niau wolves, tindiug his only solace in an occasional 
opportunity to baptise a dying Indian baby, or a cap- 
tive jterishing at the stake. 

The Dutch of Fort Orauge forgetting all barriers of 
blood or religion, tried in vain to ransom him. Finally 
Arendt van Corlear, the governor so beloved and re- 
spected by the Indians, who was afterward drowned iu 
Lake Cliamplaiu, contrived to help him to escape to 
France. There the queen herself kissed his mutilated 
hands, and he was courted and praised, but the order 
of Jesuits knows how to n)ake full use of such spirits 
as that of Isaac Jogues, and in a fev.- months' time he was 
sent back to Canada. It is said tliat when this decision 
of his superiors was commuuicated to him, for a mo- 
ment his heart of flesh failed him, and he cried out that 
this cup might pass from him. One's heart goes out in 
passionate pity for the man thus sent back to his doom. 
In 1G4.6 he made three j(,)urneys through Lake Cham- 
l)lain, and it may be that he stood again on the island 
which was the scene of his former tortures, but we do 
not know. The third time that he traversed the lake 
he returned to the Mohawk, as he well knew, for the 
last time. On the eighteenth of October, IGIO, he was 
struck down in an Iroquois wigwam, and his blood 

{>'2 insrniiY of WKSTroirr 

cousecrateJ tlie soil of the "Mission of tbe Martvrs" 
auioug tbe Mohawks. 

Parkmaii thus desciibos the personal ajjpearance of 
Father Jogues. "His oval face anJ the delic-ate njonld 
of his features indicated a modest, thoughtful and re- 
fined nature. He was constitutionally timid, with a 
sensitive conscience and great religious susceptibilities. 
He was a finished scholar, and might have gained a 
literary reputation ; but he had chosen another career, 
and one fi)r whicii he seemed but ill fitted. Physically, 
however, he was well matched with his work; for, 
though his frame was slight, he was so active that none 
of the Indiiins could surpass him in running." 

For a hundred years after the death of Father Jogues 
we have no record of any event occurring within the 
limits of our town. Dark forests, rushing streams, 
fcteep cliff's or slo]~>ing shore, it was traversed by wild 
beasts and wild men, fuinishing shelter and food to 
both in the same degree. If any human liabitatiou 
was known iiere it was that of some Iroquois tribe, but 
it is not likely that t-ven the family life of a savage 
went on under any tree of ours. This was the frontier, 
as the boundary line between the northern Indians and 
the Irocpiois was drawn through Rock Duuder, near 
Burlington, about thirty miles to the north. This unide 
of Lake ("hamplaiij iu>thing Imt a war-path, roamed 
over by painted warriors who had left wives and chil- 
dren in tiieir villages upon the Mohawk or the iSt, 


]>at had there been eyes to see, luauy a sight worth 
seeiuji;, many a si<:;ht to stir one's blood, to start a tear 
or a (rry of rage, went past these shores. War-parties 
of Frejich and Indians swejit by, upon the winter ice, 
with snow shoes and sledges, or in fleets of bark 
canoes in summer, returning again with trophies of 
wretched prisoners and bloody scalps. Bands of Dutch 
or English, always with their horde of Indian allies, 
were sent out in retaliation for these forays, and but 
r«versed the grim order. Thus, twenty years after the 
death of Jogues, a nobleman of France, Lord de Cour- 
celles, sent from the court of the king to goyern Canada, 
with that thirst for wild adventure so aniyersal among 
the French who came to the new world, made a winter's 
march of three hundred miles into the country of the 
I^Iohawks, with a party of six hundred men. Twice, 
indeed, he went in the same year, once in January, 
when our bay M'as frozen and the ice covered with four 
feet of snow, and again in the still waters of September. 
It was he and his men whose lives were saved by that 
same Corlear who planned and carried out the 
escape of Father Jogues. In all the blood}- story, 
there is nothing that we might not better spare than 
the record of the nobility of Areudt van Corlear, a 
Dutchman of Schenectady. The next summer he too 
]>assed b}-, going to Canada for a friendly visit to De 
Courcelles, Perhaps he stopped to rest in Baie des 
Koclies Fendu, and drank of the stream which runs 
into it. But he never saw tlie place again, nor did he 


reach Catuula, but was drowneil "while crossin^i,^ a L-ii-e 
bay," Avhich is believed to meau WiUsboro ba}" 

The Schujleis ofteu looked upou our shores. la 
1G90 John Schuyler, grandfather of that Philip Selmy- 
ler of the Pvevolution who looked upou them oftoner 
still, went down the lake to Canada, camping "a mile 
beyoud Cruyn Puint," us he says, sturdify makin- 
the name as Duteli as he was able, and then' returned 
from a successful raid against the enemv. The next 
summer Major Peter Schuyler met his Indian allies at 
Crown Point, and went and returned likewise. To the 
stretch of shore which we now call the lake front of 
Westpo)-t, one war party was only like another, and we 
need not give details of all. 

History begins to close in around this bit of earth in 
which our interest now centers, with the approach of 
the first home life in the Champlaiu valley. This was 
in the 3'rench \illage at Crown J.'oint. 

The French took possessiiMi of the peninsula of 
Crown Point and fortified it in liai. These were the 
first fortifications ever built u]ion the lake, and this 
act first made coloni^^atiou possible. A fort and a rra,- 
rison of soldiers mean as much security as anv place 
between Albany and Montreal could at that timeafi^.r.l. 
A good stone fort, called Fort St. Frederic, (name.l 
after the French Secretary of War, Frederic 
Maurepas,) was built close to the water's ed-^t^ 
and thirty men were sent to keep it. Almost at the' 
samo time came French colonists from Canada and set- 
tled on both .1. ..s, as near the hut as possible. A 

nisroRY OF WKSTPOur ss 

little village lay poutll-^\■e^^fc of the fort, ou the shore of 
the bay, with comfortable houses and barns. In 
tweutv vears' time tliere v/ere fourteen farms occupied 
within the j)rotection of Fort St. Frederic. All the 
records of the time contain frequent reference to this 
.-L'ttlement. Here, then, were near neighbors of West- 
]><»rt, even thouprh Westport was not yet, nor would be 
i.>r the space of another j];enevation. Doubtless the 
hunters and trappers of the village hunted deer and 
uioose, panther and bear, wolf and lynx, upon our ter- 
ritory, and trapped the beaver and mink and otter upon 
tlie Hammond and the Stacy brooks, and learned every 
turn of our points and bays by heart. 

The same year the French made a rough map of the 
lake, which was perfected the next year, and is still 
known as "the Quebec map." This was by no means 
the first map made of this region, but it was the first 
\vhich could be called complete. 

The Iroquois were the most intellectual of all the In- 
diiins known to the white men. Their mental capacity 
was quite sntiicieut for the making and understanding 
')f a rude map, if their necessities required it. We can 
easily imagine some old and infirm chief, too feeble tf> 
Ic-iid the young men of his tribe to the hunting grounds 
or the battle fields of Cauiadare Guarante, tracing upon 
the ground, or upon a sheet of birch bark, the outline 
of these shores. In lattr days, after the coming of the 
whites, such maps were sometimes preserved by being 
woven into the pattern of a belt of wampum. But no 
<loubt we may say that with the coming of Champlain 


ill 1G09 came the first nin])-m;ikei'. His maj) of the 
bike which he sent to France in 1G12 is the first cue 
kuowii. After him, the Jesuit missionaries often drew 
maps of their journeyings to make clear the reports 
sent home to their superiors. But the first actual sur- 
vey, with au}' claim to exactness, was made at the time 
of the establishment of the first military post. 

The French engineers did their work well, and the 
Quebec map was a very good one. Upon it were based 
grants of laud from the king, but we do not find record 
of any portion of our soil being grauted to any individ- 
ual by the French king. They named our bay, and 
drew its outline with careful CNActuess, but had no 
reason to penetrate the interior. 


Fi'eiieli and iTidian ^Var. 

Tlie lake was now no longer the battle-ground for 
waning tribes of red men. The Iroquois and the 
Huron still threaded tiie forest or paddled over the 
water in pursuit of his enemy, with a ferocity unabatetl, 
but now he went always as the emissary of English or 
of French, sent out to further their schemes. Kings in 
Europe desired conquest,- terrified colonies desired of 
all things security from foes near at hand, and these 
two forces drove onward in their course until they 
brouglit aV)out the Fieucli and Indian war, so named 
bv tiie English from the two foes against whom' thev 


r>ii^'ht. Not Uiat the French alone eniployeil Indian 
nllios, for the Euglit;h used every means to brin^^ into 
the tiehl those Indians who remained faithful to their 
(MUg'^ notably the Mohawks under the inflaence of 
AVilliam Johnson, — afterward Sir William, made a baro- 
net as a reward for servi(?e dnrinf; this war. 

In August of 1755 Baron Dieskau came from Canada 
uith a large force of men in boats and canoes, rowing 
up the lake to Crown Point, They came through the 
Narrows, past the -Painted llocks, acroSiPi the bay to BlulV 
point, past the light-house point, and so onward, land, 
iug their fleet of boats in Bulwagga bay. The villagers 
tlnoked to the landing to see, and the soldiers of the 
garrison were drawn up and stood in military ar- 
ray to receive the army of Dieskau. There were 
a few hundred- of the wlijte uniforms of regulars from 
France, the only efficient part of the arujy, as events 
piuved. vs-itli a large force of tlio Canadian soldiery, and 
Use Indian allies. The latter v/ere hideous in war- 
paint and feathers, and insolent in their demeanor, 
-swarming over the fort and the village, and looking 
with especial awe at the cannon upon the ramparts, 
which tiiey feared more than anything. Dieskau was 
Ui'ver aide entirely to conceal his dislike of the savages, 
and ihey would nev^ur do his will as they did that of 
Johnson or of Frautenac. 

Onward mm-ed the motley army, and on the eighth 
of Septemlier the battle of Lake George was fought. 
Then b^>gau to -come back straggling bands of Canadi- 
ans, with some of the Vihit.^ couts, but jiot so many, as 


the regulars iiloiie liad faced tlie enemy with steadiness 
and they had paid dearly for their fidelity. All the fu- 
gitives told one tale : Dieskau wounded and taken pris- 
oner, the army routed, the English pursuing. It was 
all true except the last, but Crown Point and Ticonde- 
roga never doubted it. The swiftest rowers were hur- 
lied instantly into boats with messages for Vaudreuil, 
governor of Canada, and these messages in turn brought 
reinforcements to the fort at Crown Point, and to the 
entrenchments at Ticonderoga, now strengthened in 
hot haste. 

That a winter of terror and danger at Crown 
Point. TJie French held the fort in daily expectation 
of an attack from tlie English, who lay at the head of 
Lake George, continually sending out scouting parties 
down Lake George and through the hills and forests 
back of the ft^rts, to lie in ambush arid fall upon strng- 
gler.s from the garrison. 

Wiiile the two armies lay facing each other, with the 
length of Lake George between them, the English at 
the head of the lake, at Fort AVilliam Henry, and the 
French at Ticonderoga and Crown Point, scouts were 
constantly sent out from both armies to annoy the 
enemy and to ravage all the frontier. On the part of 
tlie French these scouts were mostly Indian.s. Their 
mode of warfiue was ."x.-ietly suited to such a task, and 
it was the only way in v. hich they were of any service 
to the Fn-nch. us they almost invariably refused to 
stand upof. th,. bafth- Ihdd. The English Jiad nobody 
of Lidi.ui s-out-. but th. y had instead the corps of the 

Ill STORY OF WKsrroirr sa 

Nru- Hampsliiie Fv;ulOL■^•^^. The le;ulei- of these was one 
IJitbert Ro^i'i'S, a brav and harJv man, who loved the 
wuods and tlie woods^nian'y life. Tiievt- were aUo. 
John Stark, who came from Rogers' own town of Londoii- 
tltrry, Necs Hampshire, tind Capt, Israel Rntnam. from 
Connecticut. AH the rangers were ])icked men, perfect 
ill wood-craft and in the arts of forest warfare. Ito^- 
cr.^. it is said, had been a smug<i;ler before the war, and 
had smuggled French goods into the British colonies 
through the Champlaiu valley. Thus he had learned 
every turn of the .shores of the lakes, their islands, and 
the mountains, streams and valleys as perhaps no other 
niuii f>f his generation knew them. He and his com- 
]iauions knew the shores of Westport as well as tl.ey 
are known to-day. When the corps was formed, Rog- 
ers was twentv-eight years old. and Stark was tweiity- 
s»-\tu. Putnam was t)lder, being thirty-seven. Three 
years Ijefore this time Stark had been carried through 
tiie lake, a ca]}tive to the St. Francis Indians, and was 
afterwanls ransome<l. 

After this war was over, Rogers went toLcuulon, and 
there printed his journal, ccuitaining an account of his 
military service around Lake George ami Lake Cham- 
plain. His regular re]>(irts to his superiors, usually ad- 
• he.ssed to Sir W'illianj Johnson, Commander in Chief 
f f the l^rovitcial Fences, have also been preserved, and 
Hgree in all main points with the printed diary. It \^ 
interesting to notice indicati<ins of the man's character 
ih the minor ditierences. Thus in his report to his su- 
I'f-rior, made imnii-diately ;i[ter his I'etuni from a scout," 


.Mud ofteu signed by some of his officers as weW as by 
himself, he gave due credit to each man for tlie part lie 
liad taken in the duties and daugei's oi tlie expedition. 
Bat in ilie printed journal lie is very likely to omit all 
mention of the share taken by others in a daring deet''. 
Thus iu his story of a scout to Crown Point, sent out in 
October of 1755, when he and four of his men lay iu 
ambusli near the fort, lie says : "About ten o'clock a 
single man marched out directly towards our ambush. 
When I perceived him within ten yards of me, I sprung 
over the log and met him, and ofiered him Cjuarters, 
which he refused, and made a pass at me with a dirk, 
whicli I avoided, and presented mj^ fusee to his breast ; 
but notwithstanding, hu still pushed on 'with resolu- 
tion and obliged me to dispatch him." 

In his report to Johnson there is no essential ditier- 
ence to this, except that he says : "Then I with another 
man ran up to him to capture him, but he refused to 
take quarters, so we killcil him and took his scalp. i:i 
plain sight of the fort, tht^n ran, and iu plain view, 
about twenty rods, and made our escape." 

Telling his story to tiie Londcni public, through his 
book, it did not seem quite necessary to mention the 
other man who helped him kill the Frenchman, much 
less to give his name, which was, as we know frDin 
other recu-ds, Ca}>t, Israel Putnam. On the other 
hand, he felt it wise to leave out th3 little detail 
of the scalping. It was always ditHcnlt to induce 
the English peoj)le to look with any degree of favor 
upon the i)racti.:e •.!' scalping, wh-thor done bv red m vu 

f/iSTO/n' OF WKSTj'Oirr ui 

or wliite, a> Bnr^'ovue fouiKl out some yetirs later. 
l!ut iu a report to Johnson, who seemed himself to have 
the very soul of an Indian, and whc» would most cer- 
tainly have gloried in scalpin<^ the slain Frenchman 
exactly as did Iionjors himself, it was quite a ditl'erejit 
matter. In another place in his journal lioj^ers tells 
of an Enp;lish soklier killed and scalped by the Indians, 
remarkinp; piously in a parenthesis, '-such is their bar- 
harous custom." Tlie truth is that all the Kmgers 
njade war as ^ntich like Indians as possible, and 
thonf];h it is all too dreadful for thought to dwell upon, it 
is only right to remember that this retaliation in kind 
was believed to serve a real juirpose in the intimidation 
of the savages. 

liogers and his men traversed the territory of West- 
port, b}' laud or water, sis ditt'erent times, as told dis- 
tinctly in his diary, in three scouts which went out from 
the head of Lake George aiid returned. The first is 
recorded in his Jouriial as follows : 

"February 20, 175(5. — Agreeable to orders from Col. 
Olasier," (then commanding at Fort William Henry,) 
"I this day n)arched with a party of fifty-six men down 
tlie west si<le of Lake George. We continued our route 
liorthward till the fifth of March, and then steered east 
to Lake Cljamplain, about six miles north of Crown 
Point, where by the intelligence we had from the In- 
dians we expected to find some inhabited villages. We 
then attemfited to cross the lake, hut found the ice too 
^veak. The 17th A\e returned and marched round bv 
tJif bav to th-j west of Ciown Foint, and at night got 


into the cleared land among their houses and barus. 
Here we formed au ambush, expecting their lal,>fnuers 
out to tend their cattle and clean their graiu, of which 
there were several barns full. Wo continued there that 
night, and next day till dark; when discovering none 
of the enemy, we set firu to the houses and barns, and 
marched oft'." 

The. route of this expeditiou was not like that of any 
other scout sent out that year, as it v.eut farther vest 
than any of them. Perhaps the Rangers went by way 
of Schroou and the western parts of Crown Point and 
Moriah, following down the valley of the Boquet until 
Rogers' familiarity Avith the mountain passes showed 
bim the best place to strike off to the shore of the lake. 
It seems more probable that the little party came 
along the highlands of Moriah to a place not far from 
the present Mineville, and there turned ofi over 
the north shoulder of Bald Peak, following down the 
course of ]\Iulleiu l)rook as our "Raid Peak road" now 
follows it. Tills would bring them (Hit at "Stevenson's." 
"About six miles north of Crown Point" would mean at 
the place where we now find the Presbrey camp, or Oak 
Point. Here Roger.^ expected to find villages which 
lie might burn, but either the Indians had deceived 
him, or the inhal)itants had fled to tlie fort or to Can- 
ada. If the Indians^ had t(.>ld the truth, and the latter 
was the case, then liessl>()ro was inhabited before the 
French and Indian war. 

For tsVelve days the Piangois remained north of the 
ft rt, piv Mimably uptu Westport territoiy. Why was 

jiist(>i:y of wkstport os 

)iot Ilo;Ters more descriptive iu regard to the dryings of 
tlio^e twelve days? Did tljey discover Xielxils Puud '? 
Did tliey stand by the falls of' the Boquet? Did they 
raijip in sight of the island of Father Jogues ? If th-y 
.iivl, we may be sure they knew little enough about 
him, for these men of Puritan blood were taught no 
svuipathy witli au3thing liiat savored of the Scarlet 
Woman. I have no doubt that they tried to cross the 
lake at Barber's Point, as that was the narrc.iwest place, the spring of 1756 must have been an earl}- oue, 
since the ice was too weak to bear them in the middle 
of March. If they could luive crossed the lake they 
wcnild have saved themselves some hard mountain 
traveling back to Fort William Henry. 

Tlie second time that they came to Westport was 
the next July, and this was one of the most exciting 
scouts that the Piangers ever undertook. 

"About this time," says* the Journal, the "General 
augmented my c<:)uipany to seventy men, and sent me six 
light whale bouts from Albiiuy, with orders to proceed 
immediately to Lake Champ) aiu, to cut off, if possible, 
the ju'ovisious aid flying parties of the enemy. Ac- 
cordingly, June 'IS, 175G, I embarked with fifty meu in 
live whale boats, and proceeded to an island in Lake 
(ieorge. The next day, at about five miles distance 
from this island, we landed our boats and carried them 
about six miles over a mountain to South Bay, where 
we arrived the third of July. Tlie fcjllowing evening 
we embarked again, and went down the bay to 
within six miU-s of the FrciK-h Uivi, wh.'rn we coiK^^aled 


our boats till the eveuiug. We then embarked again, 
aud passed by Ticonderoga undiscovered, though we 
were so near the enemy a^ to hear their ceutry's watcli- 
word. About five miles further dov,'u we agaiu con- 
cealed our boats and lay by all day. At night we put 
oft' agaiu, with a design to pass by Crown Point, but 
afterward judged it iniprudeut by means of the clear- 
ness of the night, so lay concealed ar;ain the next day, 
when near a hundred boats passed by us, seven of 
which came very near the point where we were. About 
nine o'clock at night we reirabarked, and passed the 
fort at -Crown Point, and again concealed our boats at 
about ten miles distance from it." That is, very prob- 
ably, upon the point south of the Baie des Roches Fen- 
dus, which we now call Bluff point. They drew up 
their boats just "at break of day," having goue as far 
as they dared in the short summer night. 

The boats were conecnled in the underbrush friug 
ing the shore, while the men slept under the trees 
all day. Sentinels were posted where they could 
command the lake, and never keener eyes peered 
out from the thick hjliage, nor quicker ears list- 
ened for every sound. Watching was no dull business 
on that day, (the seventh of July,) for thirty boats hom 
the French forts went by toward Canada, aud a schooner 
of about thirty or hu'ty tons. The Kangers were too 
near Crown Point to dare an attack, aud besides, it 
was their especial purj^oso to intercept boats coming 
from Canada, laden with provisions. All day they 
slei)t aud watclKMl, a:ul in the evening slid their boats 

iiisTom' or w'KSTro/rr .v.5 

i:!t(. the water tiiul rowed .-nvay to the ututh. "About 
i'fti'eu luih.s further tlown," which was somewhere he- 
twecu Split Rock and the mouth of the luxjuet, tliey 
hiiJileJ again. The next (hiy they had their oppor- 
tuuitv. Two lighters, maimed with twelve men and 
headed witli wheat, tiour, rice, wine and brandy for the 
I'^'eueli forts, were captured and suuk, and four of the 
ue-u killed. One of these was dispatched after having 
been made prisoner, when it became plain that he was 
wciunded so sevei'ely that he was unable to walk. This 
fact Rogers did -not i>arade before his London audience, 
i;or that they took back with them four scalps as well 
its eight prisoners to Fort William Henry, but it wa8 
all duly reported to his chief. 

It was learned from the prisoners that they belonged 
to ;i force of live hundred men, whicli was making its 
xwiy as rnpidh- as ])ossiV»le to Crown Point. Fifty men 
cduld not face five hundred, and if the}- launched their 
!'>'ats they were sure to be seen and pursued. Now ap- 
pears the reason why they had always landed for con- 
ct-alment upon the western shore, — so that if they were 
<^'bliged to abandon their boats they might return to the 
hat through Uiountaiu })aths familiar to them but un- 
ktiown to tlie enemy. So they hid their boats in the 
vi' 'I'ds, with some kegs ()f brandy which they had saveil 
froui tlje cajitured lighters, and made their way l:>ack to 
tiie head of Like G-orge, being about a week on the 
w ay. 

It was now necessary that another ex))edition should 
I ' iindeitaken to recover tlie boats ajid the brandv, 


if possible. Accordingly, on t]\e sixteeiitli of Aupjust, 
the third and last scout of this year Avliich traversed 
Westport laud set out from Fort William Heury. It 
weut in two departments, one commanded by Kogers 
and the other by Stark. They were also accompanied 
by thirty of the Stockbrid«.^e Indians, who had lately 
come into camp, and by eight Mohawks. "We then 
raaiched," says Kogers, "directly to the place where we 
left our whale boats the seventh of July, proceeding 
about twenty-five miles northward to Crown Point fort 
on the west side of Lake Champlaiu." They found the 
boats as they had left them, though no mention is made 
of the brandy. Perhajis even the civilized Stockbridge 
Indians could not be trusted within reach of liquor, and 
surely no Mohawk could be, even on the war-path. 
They embarked in the boats, which proves that the 
party could not have numbered more than fifty men, 
unless some of them \\ore sent back by land. Tliev re- 
turned safely up the lake, but this time no perilous pas- 
sage of the forts was attempted. Tho French had re- 
ceived reinforcements since the Kaugershad passed them 
before, and perhaps a better watch was kept. At any 
rate, we may trust llogvn-s and Stark to have umh.'r- 
stood what were tho chances of success, and they did 
not undertake it. Besides, they had as yet no prisonei, 
and this was one bf the main objects oi every scout, 
both as a means of obtaining information, and to render 
themselves constantly feared amotig the French settle- 
ments. So they landed on the east shore, hid their 
boats eiglit luil.'s n-nth of Cr<nvn. Paint, and succeeded 


in taking some prisonevs in the village on Chimney 
r.)int, opposite the fort, with whom they returuetl. 

The ]laiigerj4 never recovered their boats. On Oc- 
toher twenty-seventh a sentinel was captured under the 
very walls of FortTiconderoga, who told them "that the 
French had taken four of Captain Rogers' whale boats 

in Lake Champlain," which does not account for 

tho fifth boat. Tlie discovevy of these boats tinew the 
French into a great state of dismay and consternation. 
'Jhey were no birch bark canoes, but large and well 
made craft, each one capable of carrying ten men, and 
tlio French reasoned that it was manifestly impossible 
tiiat such a flotilla ci)uld have escaped the observation of 
the sentinels at the two forts. "Therefore," said they, 
"there must be some water passage, unknown to us, 
which leads from Lake George to Lake Champlain." 
.\nd they sent out parties with the express purpose of 
discovering this passage. 

After this, the power of France pushed more and 
more determinedly from the north, the forts were more 
strongly garrisoned, and the Rangers had more to do 
ii^-ar their own posts. Consequently, none of their 
-^couts reached again as far north as the soil of West- 

The winter ()f 1757 saw a force of Canadians and I:i- 
'lians go by on the ice, dragging sledges, and well 
••'luippedfor an attack on Fort William Henry — the af- 
fair of St. Patrick's Day. Then it came back, toiling 
through three feet of snow, a large numljer of the party 
--truck snowljjiud andlt'dby the hand, v^'itli no jn'isoners 


hiul no vietuiy wortli boasting. Bat the nest suiuaur 
came serious busiue?;s indeed. 

Up to this time, no such army had ever pas>;(;d 
throuf,di Westport waters as that which Montcalm 
gathered at Ticonderoga during the month of July. 
Six thousand white men and two thousand red, moved 
on to the siege and massacre of Foit William Henrv. 
Let thatdcful tliat it is no part of our storv to 
tell over again that tale. Only in one particular does 
it come within our circle of interest. It may be tliat 
William Gilliland was present at that massacre. 

Says Watson, in "Pioneers of the Ohamplaiu Valley," 
"the 26th regiment of the line, to which Gilliland was 
attached, formed the ill-fated garrison of PVjrt WilliaUi 
Henry in 1757, which suffered so fearfully in the mas- 
sacre by the Indians under Gen. Montcalm. Whether 
Gilliland v.-as {>rosent at tliat ca,lamitous event I have 
no means of ascertaining, but his silence ('>u such a sub- 
ject warrants the presumption that he was not." 

It is like Watson's grave punctiliousness that he re- 
fuses to state as a fact anything wliich cannot be absr.- 
lutelv })roviHl, but surely the probabilities are great that 
Gilliland was theie. His discharge, given at Philadel- 
phia in 17.>S, certifies that "William Gillilau hath served 
honestly and faithfully for the space of four ^-ears.'' It is 
well known that <iillihind received a grant of laud near 
Split Piock in return for his services in the "Old French 
War," an.l that his tirst acquaintance with the sh(M-e.- 
of Lake Ghamplain dates fiom the time \vhen he was 
a soldi. M- in th.^ I'-riti^h aimv. Put ''luav have" and 


"u'")t impossible" are not very satisfactory substitutes 
for liistory. ^Yllat we do know certaiuly is that after 
the surreuder and tlie massacre, for many a sad day, 
these shores saw the hake full of boats laden with plun- 
der from the garrison and with hundreds of captives 
ht-in^ hurried aw;iy to Canada. Oaly a week after the 
massacre Montcalm himself went by, carrying his bur- 
den of threatened disgrace, and leaving the frontitn- to 
a winter of little incident. The nest Juno he came 
again, but the fleet that covered the water, rowing auil 
-^ ailing onward in martial array, carried an army not so 
large as that of the summer before. In July was fought 
the Battle of Ticonderoga, where four thousand men 
i)ehind entrenchments said to sixteen thousand, "Thus 
far and no farther," and tlien Montcalm sailed past 
once more, and looked his last upon our nn^uutaius and 
our bay. 

After the repulse of Abercrombie, Israel Putnam 
was captured by the Indians in a skirmish, and carried 
to Canada, liound with cords he went, blackened with 
the smoke of the tiro which the savages had built to 
I'uru him alive, only giving up their purpose upon the 
intervention of a French officer, with afresh gash upon 
his cheek, but still looking with eager eyes and una- 
bated spirit upon the freedom of our hills. If his cap- 
tors camped for a uigiit u[)Oii the island of Button 
Mould Bay, I'utnam might have had a vision, as he lay 
slt.'cping beneath the stars, with the sound of the lap- 
ping water in his ears, of another century, and of a de- 
scendant of his own ujxj-n the same inland, slf^eping 

100 niisTuiiY OF WESTJ'ujrr 

witli the same souiul woveu into the fabric of bis 
dreams. In the autumn the hardy Ranger was ex- 
changed, and lived to' fi^lit Eughind as fiercely as ever 
he fought France. 

Another year, and Amherst advanced upon Ticonde- 
roga from the south. On the evening of July 26, 1759, a 
teri*ific explosion resounded over lake and forest for many 
& league. Boulamarque had blown up the fort at Ti- 
conderoga and retreated to Crown Point. Here he did 
the same thing, and moved away to the north, and with 
him went the domination of France from our laud and 
water. Never again iioated the flag of the fear de lis 
from the bastions of St. Frederic. The villagers, who 
liad suffered so much from the bullet and torch of tlie 
Rangers, either loaded their household goods into 
bateaux and f(jllowed the army, or chose to remain an 1 
face the chances of life under the cross of Sc. George. 

Amherst came deliberately on, and stopped to build 
a new fort and a fleet at Crown Point. Then were 
raised the mas-,ivt: )amparts and the barracks whoso 
ruins we now see. It i^^ a fort which never saw a battle, 
and has never been of any military consequence since 
it was built. Had Amherst knoWh that he was sim])!y 
fashioning a background for Sunday School picnics! 
But it is not always given us to know to what uses our 
work shall be put, and Amherst v;:is well satisfied with 
his. To no m<>ro ]nu-p<»se was his ileet of boats, for 
which lu! turni'd Bulw.igga bay into a ship-yard, as did 
Arnold aft.^r liim. On the eleventh of October Aui- 
h'.nst wer.t "ii board hi-i >.lo )]> of sixteen guns and, iic- 

HISTORY OF WhSr/'Oh'T lol 

(•(.ini)aijied by a brij^antiue. a radt-au aiul his ariny iti 
lar^e bateaux, set fortli for the support of Wolfe at 
(^>aebee. Ten days after, and he is seen returning, hav- 
ing h)st twelve boat-loads of sohliers in an inglorious 
hattle with the elements. There had been one of our 
Autumn gales, and the boats, probably very badly 
manaj^ed, had foundered, while the rest of tlie fleet had 
S'Uif^ld shelter under the western >;horc. Perhaj^s some 
of the rear boats got no farther than Northwest Bay. 

Andierst made no further attempt to join Wolfe, and 
(^)uebec was taken without him Septemlier 18th, 175*.'. 
Montcalm and Wolfe were both killed, and the war was 
]iractically ended. 

Fighting in the British army at this time was a man 
with a remarkable. history, by n;ime Philip Skene. He 
^^as a Scotchman, and a lineal descendant of ^Villiaiu 
Wallace. He entered the army in 1739, and had a 
most active and honorable record. He was in many 
battles, the most famous of which was that of Culloden, 
174-'). when the hopes of the last Stuart pretender, 
'Bonnie Prince Charlie," were laid low. He was a 
ciptain in the army of Abercrombie in the attack upon 
Tii'Duderoga, July 8, 175G, and was there wounded. 
His regiment was the 2Tth, or the luuiskilling Foc»t. 
The next year he was with the army of Amherst when 
it marched into the dismantled and smoking fort atTi- 
comleroga, and he accompanied it to Crown Point. 
When, in October, Amherst set out with the main body 
of his army to join Wolfe in Canada, Skene was left 

102 jfJSTORY or WESrrORT 

beLiiul, detailed to serve as Major of Brigade at Crown 
Point under Brigadier Iluggles. 

Tlius Skene had every opportunity to become ac- 
quainted with the shores of the lake, especially at the 
sonthe)-n end, and it was no doubt while he was sta- 
tioned at Crown Point that he learned the value of the 
iron luinc on the lake shore which we now call "the 
Cheever," and which he took measures to secure to 
himself as soon as j^ossiblo at the close of the war. AVe 
do not know that this bed was discovered at all during 
the French occupation. Skene was the first to own 
and to work it, and its name for a generation or more 
Mas "Skene's Ore Bed." He founded Skeuesboro in 
17G1. In 1771 he was granted two thousand four hun- 
dred acres of some of the best land in Westport, which 
is known to this day as "Skene's Patent." We mav be 
sure that he first saw it that summer of 1759 which he 
si)cnt at Crown Point, and that he rowed along its 
shore in Northwest liay, looking at it with calculating 
eyes, and walked over it, too, thinking how he would 
ask for a gr;int of it as soon as ever it canie into the gift 
of the King of England. 

Israel Putnam was also at Crown P^int that summer, 
a captain in the colonial troops, and while the arrnv 
still lay there Bogers went down the lake again for the 
last time, d..-stroying the Indian village on the St. 
FrauL-is river in Catuula. He came back to Crown 
Point by way uf the Connecticut river, but one of his 
lieutenants, McMuIlin, with eight men, returned through 
the wilderne^.-, tu Crown Point with a message to Am- 


li,n>t. Ill ouly uino days they maJe the journey, an>l 
thus for the last time was our soil traverse*.! by a baud 
of liOt:!;ers' Pvangers. 

Would that we iiiitjjht believe that brave Lieuteuant 
Ab;l\rulleij, (or McMulliu. as Watson uses b»)th spell- 
ings,) gave his uatue to our ]Mullein brook as did Israel 
rntnani to "Put's creek" in Crown Point. Metliinks 
1 have seen an amateur genealogist hail with joy the 
iliscover}- of a new ancestor on the strength of eAideuce 
a.-s slender as tliat which we can bring forward in sup- 
port of this theory. "What more likely," etc., etc. At 
any rate, we might do a little toward making history 
more logical, (a service which it often sadly needs,) 
••^s})ecially in the matter of the names of places, by call- 
ing the brook after him uow.-^ 

Let Watson describe for us the last scene of this war. 

"On the IGth of August, 1760, the last brilliant mar- 
tial procession of the war departed from Crown Point. 
pM-aring ;ibont three thousand reguhirs and provincials, 
under the comnniud of Colonel Haviland, it moved 
down the lake in a hnig line of bateaux, under the con- 
voy of f<->ur armed vessels with an equal number of 
radeaux, each of which bore a heavy armament, 
llichard Montgomery, who had already' attracted the 
attention, and won the applause of Wolfe, at Louis- 
bourg, accompanied this expedition, as adjutant of the 
Seventeenth regiment (*)f foot,"t 

•In one of Gilliland's list* of the tiamea of soldiers who received from the crown 
grants of land on the western side of Lake Cham plain, we find the name of Patrick 
McMuilen, thoaeh it it imposbible to decide the locality of his grant. 

rTfac Treaty of Paris, in 1765, j^avc Engly.nd fo/u!.'.! posseisiou of this our soil 

• ^^'4 . II f STORY OF WKSTl'ORT 


Oillilancl and liossboro. 

On tlune 7tli, 1765, our shores were j^assed by Gilli- 
laiuVs first i>arty of colonists. Many an annv \uu\ 
made \i>i way across these waters, but never before siu-h 
an army of oocnpatiou. Ilou.ely and huudrum it mu.t 
liave lor.kt.d in cotuparison to tlie -orofous "armL-.s 
Avitli banners" who had Haunted such nuartial pugeantrv 
m the shadow of our dills. There were four hu-l 
bateaux, heavily loaded witli twenty or more people, 
and with "eighty barj-els of stores."' T.'iere was also a' 
raft of boards, sawed at the saw-mill at Tioondeio^a, 
.'UKl there was a dicve of cattle which had been forc^ed' 
to swim the lake at Cnnvn P.,int, making its way ulon- 
the opposit,. .hor... Thi.s proves that at this tinie ther".- 
Mas no road across AVestport fit for driving cattle 
thiough. 'Jlu-re wcie four white women with the eol- 
f,ni.sts,-the uito of the millwright, the wife of the 
^^eav..r. GiUdand-s housekeeper, and an indentured 
servant gi,l. Clilliland's negro man, Ireland, had been 
left for a t\.w days at Ticonderoga. His was the fir.^t 
bhiek face which h.ok.-d upon A\Vst],.n-t, but there weiv 
afterw^ird others at Miilt<uv,i. Slaves played a htrg.r 

KnjUnd held U^.st twenty y«rs. ^^^P^c^lTo^^^sTTirl^i^t^ri^oi^. Uk;r.^ 
ofT.condcr»^aby Ethan A.lcn a:,d Rcn.dict Arnold. After that it may be sa.d 
to have b..on^cd to .'the Great Jehovah and the Continental Congress" C-.. 
r>na!.cttlc..,tof:.eV......;..a,„,y,,i„ ,.^_ ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^.^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ 

It hii belo.nte'. to tnc .stjie cf .Ncv,- Vo.-k. 

ifiSTojn' OF ]]'!■: sTroirr jo.-, 

I>;ivt ill tlie labor of eleariiij.; our l:uuls for settlement 
tL.'Ui is ofteu realized, since the foii idlers C)f Pl;ittsbui-gli, 
;i> well as Gillilaiitl, bionght numbers of shnes with 
llif'u when thev first eanie. 

Ihit who w'iis GilliLuid, anil wliy is his i;ame invoked 
witli such confidence? William GilHland. dear strau,L:!;er, none other than the Pioneer of tlio Champlain Yal- 
It'V, the first settler and colonizer in. all this wilderness 
between Crown Point and Canada. After the settle- 
ment around the military- p(»sts of Ticonderoga and 
Ciiiwn Point, and the cohmy at S]cenesl)oro at the ex- 
tM-me southern end of the hd-;e, his settlement at the 
mouth of the Boquet river (uhich he cahed ]Millto\vn. 
nin.'iup; the township AVillsboro) was the first haiue of 
whili- men in all the length and breadth of th.e Valley. 
'llius the dav just namerl mav well begin a new cha]i- 
I'-i. and the rude little licet engage our attention as it 
Idiitrs s >brrly along. We may know all the details of 
tie' expedition from reading Gilliland's diary, preserved 
I'V his der,cend<iiils and printed a iiuudred vears after- 
NNard by Winshnv C.. Watson, in a book calle.l The Pi- 
"U-'fr History of the (.'hamplain A alley. From this 
b-.,,k we leain that A\'iliiam Gilliland was, like Sir 
^\ illiam Johnson, Sir Cray Caileton and Jiiehur<l 
Montgomery. ;in Iri.^hman. Ht^ was born neai" Ar- 
'''■igh, iij the ])rovin('e (;f lister, about the year 
1 •••b There is a roinantie storv of an interrupted lovi- 
i'tlair with a young and b.-autiful Tady ];ets\ Eekles. 
Iiouii'-d upon h\ lit'i- family, and resnbing in the emi- 
l^iatifij of t))e J'iesUiiiJ'Uloiis lowr to Ameiiea, Jlere 



he sorvt^d four }t';ii-s as ;i private in tlit- lii'itisli ai'itiv, J 

tii^htiiij.' ill the FitMieh aiul Itnliau War. ITis ip^iiiiciit. | 

the Thiity-tit'th, fonneil a ])arL of tlie gaiTi.S(M> of Fort I 

William Henry ;it the tiiDi.^ of its surn-nclor to ^Montcalni, ] 

iu 17.~)7. If he. was with his ropi;iin»;Ht at the time, In ] 

must have liemi a witness of the Indian iiuiss-u.-r.- j 

whieli followe.l the surrender of the f<.rt. He wa- | 

<liseh;'r^:;t>d from th« arm\ iu IToS, and the next yt;ar \ 

married Elizab 'th l^hai^an, daui^hterof a rich merch;iut \ 

of Jamaica. Gilliland received with his wife a cousid- | 

erable dowry, aud V)ecame his father-in-law's partner i;; i 

a lai-^^e nitneantile business in the city of New York. \ 

Peace hetweeu En.^land and France was jn'oclaiine.l \ 

ill IT'):], and it b<-'came possil)le for tlie liritish crouii j 

to «:;ivo title to tlie nnoecnpied lands of the wildiunes-; ! 

north and west of th..' Hnds.m river valley. Enji^ra- \ 

ti(Ui was eiieouraL-;ed l)y grants of land to soldiers of tli.- \ 

ret-ent wai-, the si/.(- ol the giants vai'yiriij;- accordim^- to i 

the military rank of thi; j-eeipients. Thus a private r>- « 

ceived tiity aer.'s, and ;; non-eommiHsioned otiirer tv,o ,* 

hundi-eil aci-es. In almost everv case these soldiers' 1 

{grants we-re sold iminH,li,itely to land speculatoi's, mei. j 

of capita! who !)on-ht with tlu- i)urpose of obtainiuL^ j 

lar-e tiaets for sale or settlenuajt. William Clillihuid 1 
iiive.Nt.'d the u'ri-att-r jiart of the tortune he had aceuiii- 
ulated in tiiH pureha-e of twelve large tracts, all lorat.-d 
on th'> \\;,-.r.ri) shore of i.ake C'hamplain, between 
Crown Point and C'uiul r'rhnid Mead. Two of the^.' 
tracts, aeeording to .Mr. W.itson, lav within the ))reseiit 

t-'uitoiy of >,ui' touii-^hip, and coaipris.-d four tin ui^^an^l ,. 

HISTORY OF wi:srr<)irr Ktr 

five Iniinlred acres. One tract, lying along tin- soutli- 
t-astern shore, and containg two thousand tlivce hundred 
;ic-res, he named ]3essbor(;, after his baby daughter 
J!li/.al)eth. Of lii> ow nership of a second tract in West- 
j).)rt we caunot uonv tind theleast trace, but it seeras ex- 
ceedingly likely that he attemiited to purchase the 
land adjoining Dessljoro on the north, gra.uted a few 
years afterwa rd_ by the king to Philii) Skene. Tiie uuni- 
bc-r of acres in the Skene patent does not esactlj- cor- 
r(.sj)(>ud, bat the early surveyors never let a little matter 
of two or three hundred acres trouble them. Oilliland 
himself gives a list of f(;urteen non-commissioned ot^i- 
c•er^ and ten privates whose claims he had bought out 
to obtain possessi(;n of the [latent of Bes^boro, appar- 
t-ntly oblivious of the'discrepaucy of a thousand acres 
btfweeu these aggregate claims and tlie actual survey. 

The king granted 'ownershi[) of these large patents 
v> ith the reservation to himself of ;dl gold and silver 
niines, uud all jiiun trees lit iov masts for shijis of his 
navy. There were also conditions that three acres out 
of every fifty caj'iabh- of cnlti\ation should be tilled, 
H ith settlers in the proportion of one family t(j eveiy 
tiiousand acies. 

Thus We com ' at last to the first indi\idual owner- 
>"hip of any part of Westport land. Uessboro was first 
>urveyed, as appear^ from (iiUiland's own papers, in 
•June of 17()-t, by Col. Thomas r.-dmer, Deputy Survey- 
or, acting by order «jf Alexander Colden, Es(]., the then 
i^urveyor General. The work was doiie at the expense 
•■1 (filijland, a!iJ he apJ'ear.-> to ha\e ai-couipauied the 

J"'"^ iifsToh'v OF WKSTroirr 

surv.niun; pnrh-, hn hitnsHlf Wm^^ a coiDpetent sur- 
veyor. T]u( survey "])a^se.l eouuoil the 2()th Febv.. 
1765, a.s per council niiuute book may ap[)ear/' 

Thus it is ))laiu that the First Year of our town chro- 
nology is ]7Gf, aii^ our J^rst Day is that one in Jun.. 

■when Gilh'land and Pabiier, with their axenuu, carryin- 1 

chain and compass, iV^li-Aved tJie outline (^f Bessboro j 

throu-h \W'. unbn.krn forest from .)ur JJlulfFoint wt-.t- \ 

ward, tlieu south, then west a>;-ain to the foot of the | 

mountains, and so down t„ our Ahdlein brook, wliieh I 

they called Beaver l)ro.>k, ami back to the lake shore I 

ai^ain, coming out of the woods very nearly at the phice 1 

readied by Bogers and his Bangers, in March of ITon. \ 
(only eight years before), when they were seeku.- 

French villagt:-s to buin,— plans diflerent indeed to j 

those of Gilliland. He had encon)passed a stretch nf I 

land as fair and tVrtih: as any in \\)ii w.ndd, rolling from I 

the lak*. sh<.v,- to the fMut of the n.onntains, well wa- I 

tered, richly wnod.d. rhw. ,n,drr the protection of th.- I 

f'Ut at ^'i"vn j',,i,;r,an.lifrverab.'anti;ulim)siuH-thad | 

l>ower to tourh an hi.h heart, how must . his hav,' I 

swelled with joy as h.. m.'asun.l these acres for him- \ 

self. And though In,^ gain.-.l no riches fron. its \ 

l.o<Sessi.,m, h)sinu it all l,..fon,- he .lied, vet it ha> j 

l^"n.e hi~, nan,,-, and the name he gave it, for <nje hun- | 

dr.'d and thirty-,-iuht yars, as we write now, and i. \ 

like I., p-p. tu;t,' his m.-mory :us long as land is namnd | 

by nniii. Tin' u ir ►jo ..xt,,,t of the patent is now highlv \ 
.M,ltivat.-d, l.-tl.-d with b:.rn^ and f arudn.uses, and U'av- 
-r-d iron, n u-.h l..>,.u.h b'. th,. railroad. 

iiisToin' OF WKsrroirr jou 

After thorif'volntioii, wIk-u all latnl titifs (k-iivcd IVoiu 
(lie Jiritisli ei-()\\n wcno tliiowii iiit(MU(>i>' «»i' Lss confus- 
\<^\\ ami micc^vtaiiitv, Gillilaiul had -ifat ditlit-ulty in oh- 
tainin<^ recogi)itic>n of his vi^lits as ownei' of ]5ossl.)oiu. 
IJr.t at last a nowsurvey was urilorcrl.aud he vt'ceived his 
title from the state iu 1780. In the capitol at Albauy 
\'w the liehl notes of this secoml siuvev. A certified 
I'^iiy of theui, as well .u^ a eojij of a :na[) of Jit^sslxiro, 
aKi) eertitlml, (showing the shaj-)e of the ]>atent as out- 
hiied u{>on the niaj) op[)osite oai" title-page,) was sent 
me by the kindness of the Hon. "William Pieison Jud- 
.-o!i, Deputy State l-3ugineer. As th-- held notes C(jn- 
>titnte a description of the boandaries of the patent, 
and have never been printed, the}' are givtjn in a note.""-' 
'J lie }>'iut <.)f ih'partnre of the survey was "a hemlock 
ti.-e standing on the bank of the lalce," and the only 
nanu-s given are of "Bay de lioche Feudu" and 
"a place known by tlu' name of llatt lesnake Den." This 
niust have been m-ar the Hniestone ([.aairy, and not fai 
fron) the spot wlune the Y. M. C. A. boys camped for 

•In consequence of a Warrant of Survey from the Surveyor General of 
the State of New York, to be directed, bearing date the — day of November, 
17V', I hive performed the following Survey for William Gilliland, of a certain 
Tract, piece or parcel of Land, Situate, lyinp and bein;; in the County of Washing, 
ton, and on the W«st side o£I..nke Chainplain, known by the name of Bt-th-Bor- 

Began September 24th, 17S6, at a heap of Stones lying between a Black Oak 
Tree, marked Z. P. lyS/^— W, G. 178^, eight links east from a Hemlock Tree 
iiiarked Z. P. 173/^— W. G. 178^, Standia-nn tlie Bank of said Lake, between a known by the name of Habile Snake Den, and the Bay de Roche Fendu, on 
the south side of the entrance of said Bay, v, hich is tlie most easterly corner of a 
Tr<ct of 2(0O Acres of Land, crranted to Major Philip SUeen. 

Kunning thence on a South line of said Skeen's Patent, S. So derf. o]', W. 41 
i hiins lo a Stake t''irttV-n link* WeMfroni a Beech 'J'ree cornered and markL*d Z. P. 

i]o n/ST(>L'v OF wFsrroirr 

s*) ijiaiiy years on the Wonnaii |)ropo)ty. I cannot tuid 
that any r.ittlesnake has botMi seen there for at h^ast tli^- 
space of one <4encration, but the name brings out vividly ^ 
the wild IcMieliness of tlie shore when the surveyors 
tirst stt'|)ptHl n[)()n it. .Vn e])Ofh is Inark^?L] in the his- 
tory of the reehun;ir,iou of ;i |iiiH-e of land from the wil- 
derness wh.;n the names ^iv.-u to points within it are no 
h)nf?er those of natural objects. 'Ihis ep<,)eh came to 
Westport when Gilhland named his patent after his 

Happy is that land whose lirst setthn-s have a genius 
for nomenclaUne I And if tliis be so, haj^py is the land 
whose second century shall honor the name-giving 
of the }i)st. William Gilliland was blessed with a good 
name hims-df, a fact of souie importance wh(ni history 
comes to be written, and the names wliich he gave to 
places wer-' always graceful and i)ertinent. Before tli'- 
coming of I'^Ji/abetli his wife he had named the present | 
site of Er,s,.\ village after her, and two of his northeiai | 
patents weif named Jaiiesboro and Charlotteslioro. | 

17S6— \V. G., tlicncc S. oj Ueg. 56' E. (y\ chains to a sUke eighteen links southeast 1 

from a Beech Tree cornered ;ind marked Z. P. 1736— W. G„ beinjf the Southeast I 

corner of said Skean's Patent, thence S. S9 deg-. o4' \V. 156 chains 60 links to :-■ j 

Beech Tree marke.i \V, G. lyS'i, thence Sauth igr chains to a Birch Tree marked % 

\V. G. i7Sfi, staiiciinj; on the north bounds of a small Tract of two hundred Acre> \ 

of I^^and sarvcyeu for /cphani.ih Piatt, Esq., thence East along the North Boun.'.s \ 

of said Tract of two liandred Acres, 80 chains 60 links to a Hemlock Tree markei ^ 

/.. P. 17V.— \V. G., standinor on the Bank of the Lake, thence Northerly alonor :he I 

West of s.iid 1-ake as it winds and turns to the place of Beyinnlno^, contain- J 

in(f i^vo Acre* of,Ljnd, and the usual allowance for Highways. 5 

That the within Survey has been performed with accuracy to the best of r.iy i 

knowlcdjjc I a\cr and attest. 5 

(Signed) )ON'AS S. ADDOMS, ' 

D. G, Surveyor. 

lusTom' or wKSTPDirr m 

Awx two ilau^liters. A branch of tlie Au>;al)le wliirh 
In' (li-^coveroJ lie named "Cnlleii A\'ater." Many of the 
V, ttifi\s at IMiJltown pjivo nanios to tlieir farms, (nif lie- 
in.: }uiniskt'Uin<; and another KiUeen, showing tleli^'lit- 
fi;lly thy Irisli origin of the tenants. Tlie name of 
MilUoun itself was doubtless taken from that of a vil- 
I'lL't' not far from Armagh, in Irehind, where GilHland 
u;is born, and there is a AVillsb(>i(> on Lou^h Fo\le, in 
Londonderry, whicdi he mu.-t have known familiarly. 
i').-vboro is also au Irish name, f-lnce there is an estate 
ia the simtli of Ireland, '"a demesne in tiie Barony of 
Iverk, })aris!i of FiiUUown, C'<mnty Kilkenny," near the 
ri\er Suir, whieli was granted to Sir John Ponsonby, a 
."^Lijor in the army of Cromwell, and named by him 
b.-ssborou^h for his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Henry 
Lord Foliot. The hi.^hest title of tlie Ponsonby family 
i- tikeii from this Irish estate, John George p.rabazon 
i'o!i.M)nl>y beiuL,^ made first Earl of Bassboroui:^h ^i n 
17:)'.). ^luch jdeasant but profitless labor has been 
^pent in tlie efYort to trace som<; connection l)et\veen 

^••vorn before ine this 

ii Day cf December, 17S6. 

(Signed) ABRAHAM KEIGHT, Jus. Peace. 

AecoiTipanying tlie copy of these tieid notes is the folIo%ving document: 


I have compared the preceding^ copy of Field Notes of survey of Lot number — 
i-i the — Tract, with the description of survey found in book number 10, p. nv. on 
'■•c :o this office, and I do hereby certify the same to be a correct transcript there- 
froin and of the whole of the field notes of survey of said lot. my hand and seal of ofrice of the State Ensriiieer and Survtvir, at the 
City of Albany, the eisfht day of April, one thousnnil nine hundred and one.; 

Dc, I'.ity Sc.ite E^tfineer and SLirveyor, 

'^'- iiisTijuY or wrsrroirr 

(lillilaml an.] the Irish D.^sshoiDuu'li, but it seoms [Um!,- 
ahle that tlio iiaiiic only lay in his memory with thos.. 
nf all .,th..r places in tho Knierahl Isle, to be brought 
forth uh.-h his own foitniK's roiieh.;.] a point where !;•■ 
too mi-ht ;^ive a nnmt^ to a l.nronao-e or a principality. 
Now h't usi>>tuni to the naiaative of ev.'nts el'stlv 
affecting our history. 'J'h-' iit-xt year, in Jnue of ITfJi;. 
C;i!Iilan.i brought his family to Militown. They start.-! 
fr.Mn N-w Yoik on the 'iSth of A()ril, in two heavijv 
loa.lea l)ateau\, and liad a <!itrionlt and |>erilous pas- 
sage. At Stillwater one of the bateaux was upset, and 
two cinhb>ii were drowiunl, .^]ie of thmi Gillihuid'^ 
oldest chihl, Jauf', aged sIk y.-ar.s. ":Mv lovely daugli- 
terl" exclaims (Jilliland as he records the disaster in 
his diary, and he mourns his loss iu u touching eulogv 
ujion the chihTs i.erffctioiis. 

They caaie by way of Like G.?orge, t detained at 

Then follo.v s t:.e f;rc:it lA-o.V r< c! of tl.e State of New Yo7k7"of~araTpect 
awesome indeed, and s..ffici.-nt, one wo.Ud think, to command belief in statements 
much more doabtfi:! than these. 

It w;!l be noticed ih.i: the n.iine of the patent is variously written. GiUihind h,n.. 

self Bcssborou;.^,. and in the Held notes the surveyor writes it, certa^n-y 

wuh a ^rca: effort. "Be-h-BorrouKh." I.n our town records it is "Bettsborouvjh." 

On Burr's map of the county. .S^.^. jt is '•Bossborough." and in an act of the Le-- 

. .slature of ,^9 it is "Bassburgh." but these two forms are evidently misprints. 

Hon. Richard K. Hand, of Elizabethtown, President of the Essex County His- 
torical Society, has called my attention to a "Bc.borough" in north-eastern Ver- 
mont. Iy>n< on both sides of the I'assamsick river, which is shown on Sauthier's 
map of .77V. It wo.ihi he interesting' to know the hi,lory of the name in that place. 

Tin that ch3rn,in^iit<leb,ok. "Lake Georj^e in History." by ElizabetJi Esrgle- 
Mon bcc'.ye. a:lu,.on i., made to the pas.a^fe of Baroness Riedtsel and Lady Har- 
net Acklandthrou^-h lake George .n .777. with the statement: "They were the 
lirst white womcn*to see this hvke. eAc-pt the few wives uf common soldiers and 
cmp followers." Probably the auUior had never heard of Mistress GUlilnnd who 
went tlc\ rn ve.'.rii bi forr. * 

msTdin' OF WKsri'oirr ivi 

nearly eveiy .stop[)iui]; i)lace by tlio severe illnoss of Mr. 
(lilliland. Qnotiug his diary : 

"2i.l Jane, arrived at fort George on that day, in the 
.'veniuii-. My illness coiitiuuiug, detained us all at fort 
(u'or^'e for nine days, from the 2d, to Wednesday, 11th 
June, then pat all my stores and embarked myself and 
family on board of Wm. Stonghton's schooner, and hav- 
in-- a fair wind arrived this evening at Ticonderoga la)id- 
ing, where being necessarily detained the 12th, embarked 
the nest day on board the sloop Musquenuuge, and 
ill a passage of one and three-fourths hours arrived 
at Crown Point on the evening of Friday the 13th June. 
Here my disorders returning, I v/as confined by my 
room, often to bed, to Saturday the 21st June. Then 
left Crown Point, and the wind being favorable, arrived 
the evening of tliis day, {)retty late at Ge,4'ge Belton's, 
where we staid all night, and the next day being Sun- 
day, 221 June, jn'oceeded on our .Journey, and arrived 
in ^Miiitown, in AVillsboro. Mrs. Elizabeth Gilliland, 
my spouse, being the first lady of our family that landed 
iji AVillsb'U-ou^h."' 

So it was tilt! twt.'uty-tirst of June, and on a Saturday 
Hiat the women of tiie family first saw Besslniro, from 
the d.H'k of the .sloop Mustpienunge. The whole party 
ronsistetl, as Gilliland takes pains formally to set down, 
<ii "my wife Mrs. Eli/al)eth Gilliland, my mother Mrs. 
Jane Gilliland, my sister Miss Charity Gilliland, my 
brother Mr. James Gi,lliland, my daughter [Miss Eliza- 
bi.'th Gilliland, mv nie-i-e Miss Elizabeth Hamilton, my 


iJisroRY OF WKsrroirr 

.^ervaut girl Laehol McFiudfU, atiJ ray negro man 

Gillilaiul was at tliis time not much over thirty. Lit- 
tle Elizabeth uas two years oKl, and the only chihUeft 
them since the drouninf^ of her sifter. How she must 
have been guarded by mother, graudmotiier and auut. 
and what a bad couiiiany it must have boon. Perliaps 
tlie fathor to(»k little iJessiu his arms, and pointed out 
to her the shores which he had called by her name, 
traced the boundaries of the pateut and exulted over its 
beauty and extent. 

All that summer the lake was busy with the traffic of 
tht- colonists, rhilip Skene was also at work build- 
ing up his colony at the southern end of the lake, and 
his boats came often to the ore bed ou the shore below 
Crown Point for ore for his forges. It seems probable 
that the persojial jurpiaiutaiire of Skene and Gilliland 
dates fri)m thi.-^ i)t,'riud. 

In Septenjtnr came a very distinguishe.l party frr.m 
tlie south, and tMU' which (lillihiud seems to have felt 
it his duty to welcome. A commission had been ap- 
pointed by the crown to verify the boundary line be- 
tween the juoviiiccs of (.lucbcc and New York, and w:i> 
composed of Sir llMury 3[oore, Governor of New York. 
Sir Guy Carleton, Governor of Quebec, Philip Schuv- 
Icr, afterward «air (i, ner.-.j Schuyh-r of the Pevolution, 
and an a.tron.-nifr named Pobert Harper. These gen- 
tlemen were ;Hc')mj.anied by a nephew of Sir Guv 
Caileton. 'piob:.b!y Christopher, afterwards Maj<u 
Caiieton.i ,.n M!..rn..v i.;ui..d Jojui McKes>fm,, and 

/ijSTO/n' OF WEsrroiiT no 

Ciipt. Charles Frcilenl)nrgb, ami tliey came np the 
Hudson from New York, ari-iviu;j; at Fort George th*^ 
secoud of September. There Gillilaml met thetn, and 
writes in liis diary : 

'■Governor Moore immediately gave me an invitation 
to become one at his table, which I accepted. He and 
Governor Carleton accepted my invitation to take their 
passage in my Bateaux across the lakes, and we tdl ar- 
rived safe at Crown Point ou Saturday, 6tli Sep., 1760." 
The next da}' observations were taken to determine the 
exact latitude of the fort. "After dinner embarked for 
home in my Bateau, the Governors an.1 (jther geutle- 
lueu embarking before dinner, in the sloop. Overtook 
them at Button Mould Bay and went al>oard the sloop, 
where dinner being just served up, 1 dined with them; 
there being little or no wind, tarried with them -i or o 
hours, and then pushed oft' in niy boat for home, where 
1 arrived about one in the morning, found all well."' 

So it was almost i'.i ^Vestport waters that the Boun- 
dary Commission was becalmed for a half day or more, 
a party of eight at dinner, talking, perchance, of the 
prosperity of the jirovinees since the peace with France 
had been declared, and of the future of this beautiful 
Viilley and waterway whicii had been gained so recently 
by England. Perluq)s Gillilaud ])ointed out to them 
the shore of Bessboro, and told of his plans for its set- 
tlememeut. Ten year.-^ afterward Governor Carleton 
came again t<» the same s]>ot, but that time he sailed 
fi'om the north, struggling against a contrary wind in 
the pursuit of the' tjvt-aping colonial lleet, grounded and. 

n(^ ijlstoi:y of wnsTroirr 

burnocl before his eyes not two miles from Buttou P,,iv. 
Ymi neither he nor rhili]> Schuyler tiion-ht how tli("v 
shouUl fight each other in the future, as tliey drank 
their wine together, and when the wind sprang ui. 
again they wont on their way to Canada. A ^veek af- 
terward Governor Moore and his party came back, and 
on the 20th of Septendjor Gillilaud wrote iu his diarv : 
'•This day Sir Henry Moore, Col. ileid, Philip SehuV- 
ler, Kobort Harper and AdolpljusBenzel,* Esq's, calleil 
and drank tea, etc., with us, on their return from As- 
tronomer's Island, having completed their observation 
to satisfaction, and fixed the line about 5 miles to the 
northward of Windmill Pdint." 

And so Gilliland had company in the best 
room of the house at Milltown, of which we only know 
that it was built the 3 ear before "with logs, 44 feet bv 
22," and had "u doubl.^ chin)ney." The furniture had 
all been brou-hl frnm New York.—tweuty-two wagon 
loads,"— and it is to hv hoj.od tlud enough china tea- 
cups for the use ,,f tlie Governor's party had arrived 
unbroken. What would we give now for the tea-p.-t 
which held the tea? We can imagine the group sitting 
around the great (q.en tiiv-plHoe in the evening, it is 
said that Sir Jl-nry ^Wno was "a gay, affable, good- 
natured and well-i»red gentleman." Little J3ess was 
theonly ehild to l„. notieed.and Philip Schuyler had 
babies of his own at home. ])id he take her on his 

'Adolphus B.n.el wa. t.'.c f.rst to fill th7'offic7~of~'l7spect^;r hL 
Majesty* ^ood. an I forc.t. a.a un..ppropri..t.d l.nds on Lalce and ir 
C^aada." He .•,.., -.c ^.ho planned the extensive works at Crown Point 

HI STORY OF wKsrroirr in 

kneo and win her licait as lie won the hearths of the 
children of Barouess lliedesel, and the heart of the 
Baroness herself, wlieii he took them under his })rotee- 
tioD after tiie battle of Saratoga? 

The Commissioners passed on their way, Schuyler 
j^erhaps the only one of them destined ever to see that 
hearthstone aj^aiu, and the next day another little 
<lan£;hter was.boni, and named Jane AVillsboron.^h Gil- 
hlaml, the first name in memory of the little girl 
drowned at Stillwater in May. 

And when little Bess was a lass of six, and Willsboro 
had become a large and thriviuo; settlement, her father's 
])hins for colonizing Bessboro began to be fultilled, in 
the coming of Bavmond. 


lia\-nioiicl and the Itcvoliitioii. 
The First Hon^e in Westport was made by one Ed- 
ward Baymond, in the yeai' 1770. Who this man was, 
whence h'» came, to what place he went after his sojourn 
<>D these shores, we cannot tell. We do know that he 
wMs one of Gillilaud's colonists, and that the greater 
part of these wei'e said to be Irish, like Gilliland him- 
self. Baymond is a good Irish name, and one borne 
by a noble family. Most of the earliest settlers jit Mill- 
town came from X'ew York, but every part}- of emi- 
j^rants was joined by others all along the way, at 
Albany, or S •it'U'.'sboi'ongh., or at anv ))lace where there 


was an opportuLiit}-. Gillilaiul advertised iu the 'OLer- 
curv," a New York paper, offering ioducemeuts to "lu- 
dnstrious Farniors" and otljers who would go to the 
promised laud of Lake Chaiuplain. But liayinond can- 
not be ranked in the class of ordinary colonists, most 
of tlicin so ]Kior tliat the}" were oblij^od to work for the 
first few years foi- a bare maintenance, as it is plain 
that he must have been ji ninn of means. 

Ilaymond settled upon Gilliland's patent of Bess- 
V)oro, at the mouth of the stream which we now call tlie 
Bayruond broolc, building' a saw riiill and a grist mill 
upon the littL- fall. On all this vast frontier, there was 
hardly a more promising place of settlement than the 
one he chose. On one of the main waterways of the 
country, iu a virgin land fast filling with eager settlers, 
he was in the direct line of all travel north and south, 
convenient to the settlements along the Vermont shore, 
and not far from the f(^rt at Crown Point. There ^\•as at 
that time no better mill site on the shore of the lake. 
In those days of full streams, before the woodsman's 
axe had let in light and air to dry the face of the ground, 
the mouth of the brook was as wide as the little bar 
into which it tlo\\>., and deep enough for loaded boats 
to come almost to the foot, of the fall. Thus was af- 
forded a harbor safe from storms aiid j^assing enemies. 

Here Raymond settled, and here he lived for six vears. 
during the time of the greatest prosperity of the colony 
on the Boqut't. These were the years which show- 
forth once mole the truth of that wise saving, "Hai)pv 
is that land wldcli has no historv," fur Gillihuurs di;u\ 

ii/SToi:y OF WKSTi'oirr uu 

ce;iso(l to be regulai'ly kept after Jniio of 17()7. Thus 
\vr- tiuil lio ineutioii of IlayniouiVs sottlemeut in the 
•liavv. The most ilireet testiiuouy iu regard to it is 
fuiuid in an affidavit discovered among the Land Papers 
of the Seereta)j of State by Mr. Henry Harmon Noble. 
Tliis atfidiivit is referi'tul to in Watson's "Pioneer His 
torv of tiie Cluunplaiu Valley," but lias never before 
bee]: ic print. 

Laud Papers, Office of Secretary of State, Albany. 
Vol. 3't, page 125. Dated August 17th, 1785. 

J/f/n/'T/V of Uthu'if Hail h) relafion to Eiiicard Hat/)noi)'rs 
"h'tle iimJtr Will tarn 'GiUUand to la 

oil tJie west ■side of Lal-c Chaii/phni 

Udny Hay, being duly sworn, deposeth and saith 
that about the year one thousalid seven hundred and 
seventy (1770) ):^ilward Kaymoud was settled and Im- 
pr(jviu,ij; lands in Bessborou^li on the west side of Lake 
Cliamphiin, td.)out eip^ht miles north of Crown Pe»int and 
about three miles south of the Great West Ba}', called 
the {here "Bay de Kocher Fendu" is struck out iu the 
orij^iual) West I'ay. That the said Edward Pvaymond 
hail there built a Dwelling house and a saw and grist 
ruill. That the said Edward liayuiond iufcunned the 
deponent either that he was a tenuant of or held under 
William Gilliland, who then lived on the west side of 
the Lake at a i)iaee called Willsborough. That this 
Deponent was also informed l)y the said William Gilli- 
land that the said Edward Jvaymoud wa- a renaut, or 
had ]iurchased of him and Im])roved und.'r hinu. 

And thisDei>onent further saith that the said Edward 
Piaymond lived, ch'ared and cultivated land and Im- 
proved at the place above mentiixied to have his resi- 
dence until the eommenctunent of the late war, and 
ntitil some time in»lhe' year 1770, and farther Deponent 
saith not. 

(Siu^neil) Ui»NV H.W. 

'120 11 [STORY OF WESTroRT 

Swoi-D ill New York the 17tli of A.i-nst. ITS.-; bofoiv 
W. Wilson, Ald'r, 

This IMnoy Hay is tlie CoIohgI Hay wlios., uauu. 
often appears in the printed volumes of the Public Pa- 
]>ers of George Clinton. He had known Gillihtnd well 
from the beginning of the colony on the Boquet, his 
honic being in Montreal before tlje Eevolntion. 

We also tind mention of a place called Paymond's 
.Mills in two letters written from Lake Champlain in 
the snm^mer of 17S.0, and described in detail on another 
page. That at least one house in this settlement stood 
until aftur the Pevolutiou we kno^\ from a letter by 
Judge Charles Hatch, which he calls "a sketch of thl 
early settlement of the county, but more particularly 
of the town of Wosfport." In it he says : 

"Still there was also a small improv meut four miles 
soutli of the present \Vesti.ort village, commenced by a 
nianbythenameofPaiment, which was the only h,.- 
provement commenced before the in the 
in-esent Westporl. At the last mentioned place Pai- 
n^nt erected a small null, but it all was demolished 
when I nioved iuiu thi> place, (1802) excej-t a shattered 
old house which was occupied by Jienjamin Andrews/' 
Of course '-Pvaimeut" stands for Pavmond in the 
Judge's sprlli.,g, whi.h had its eccentricities. -Vnothe-r 
connr.natory d.H.u.M..nt is an old deed, made out in 
Iblb, eno.u>..d <.n tlu- outside, "Jared Pond to Ananias 
Pogers, Oir, ibiymoiul Fan,, ,^- Mill Lot, X. W 
Pav." ii.H.I... Nn:.pp.,.l up in . tarn^l.. of law tc.rm>" 
we I.nd i|n.e vsonis: '-Also t!,;,t Tract of land com. 


iiionly called the Eayrnond farm, now in possession of 
I'ftujamin Andrews, C(.intaining two Imndrod acres." 

The Gazetteer of the State of New York, published 
ISifiO, says: "A small settlement was begnn, and a mill 
luiilt in the south \va\1 of tin- town before the Revolu- 
tion." This modest and perfectly correct statement is 
tran>;ferred to the Essex County History of \'6'^U in this 
{uxm : "It is reported that a mill was built and a small 
settlemoit begun in the south part of the village (sir) 
prior to the Revolution, but all vestiges of these were 
obliterated during that fierce, internecine struggle." 
Perhaps wo could have spared at least one of the ad- 
jectives in exchange for a more careful investigation of 

And last of all, there still survives on the soil itself a 
legend, told by the first settlers after the Revolution 
and preserved by tlieir descendants, of one Raymond 
who once had a mill near the mouth of the brook and 
wiio was driven from his home by Indians, fleeing in a 
Miiall boat with his wife and child to the Vermont shore, 
while the savages burned his house, A grandson of 
dames W. Coll, who setth-d at the ].lace in 1808, told 
nie this t-ile before the atli.lavit of I'diiey Hay was sent 
Uie fiDtn Albany, and ] have no doubt myself that the 
additional details contained in this oral testimony arn 
perfectly true. 

Thus v.e havt- all the known f;icts about our earliest 
^k-ttlcment. always such an iuteiesting point in the his- 
tory of any town. We can imagine howRayiUi^ud built 
ijis li>u' cabin, thi-n his saw u.uji, and a little )aU')- tht- "rist 

ij-2 niSToin' OF wESTJ'oirr 

mill, uuloss as wasofteii the ease, both uiills wore hoiHe.l 
niidov one roof. The mill stones aiul the saw must have 
bt'eu brouj^ht a loii^ way perhaps in l)oats from New 
Yoi'k, like the machinery for Gilliland's mills on the 
JJoquet. But who wanted the boarils that Haymonil 
sawed, and who brou;.^ht corn and wheat for him 1() 
j^^rind ■? J)(inbtloss most <if the produce (jf tli«» 
mills was cousunied in the settlement itself, but 
all alonf^ both shores of the lake were settlers gdad of 
these modern iuiprovements. The grist nnll must have 
been es])ecially welcome, since one can live in r;reat 
comfort in a log house with a iio(3r of hewed ])uucheons, 
but grinding corn by hand in an Indian mortar is very 
slow and laborious. This was no unpeopled wilder- 
ness, reckoning as an American frontiersman reckoned 
in 1770. And who were Ilaymond's nearest neighbors? 
The family of John Ferris, living on the opposite shore 
of the lake, only three nnles i'.way, at the place which 
we now call Arnold's bay. Seven miles to the soulh 
was another mill on the lake shore, probably built at 
nearly the same time as Raymond's, and eight miles 
away, on the peninsula of Cn^wn Point, lay the [netro|)- 
• ilis of tht^. region, in the village near the fort. There 
was always a garrison oi soldiers in the big barrack-^ 
that Amherst luiilt, and there had been a thriving vil- 
lage ou the sliore of the bay, with cleared farm lands 
stretching away to tli«' south, fver since the early days 
of French oceu[).tti.)n. Although most of the Freneli 
iidiabitants,* if not all, may have r<'turnt,'(l to Canada 
whiHi the rountiv was givMi up to tlb- Ibitish, they 

iijsT(fRy OF WKsrroirr 12. -^ 

Ii.kI hoen gone but seven years, !\n«l most of the liousos 
::.!'.st \ia\v heeu left wlion llaymond came, proluibly 
.•ccupied by new settlers from tlie English colonies. 
llighty years afterwaril, \V. C AYatson rotracetl the line 
i.f the village street, with its door stmies and cellars. 
There was a store, driving a brisk business with the 
-oldiers and settlers. When supplies on the Boquet 
i.iu low, Gilliland had recourse to this store, and we 
may be sure that when Esvymond wanted a new axe 
liead, or ]\]istressPiaymond had lost her darning needle, 
a_ small l)oat canje out froui the. mouth of the Raymond 
lirook and was rowed eight miles across blue water to 
the same place. 

So much for next-door neighbors, east and south. Tn 
the north, the nearest were Gilliland's settlers below 
Split ikock, twelve miles away. To the ^\ est, the bound- 
lt^ss continent, unexplored, full of v/ild beasts and sav- 
ag(! men, the little settlement formiug but a tiny notch 
cut oat from tlif, edge of a universe o{ nnmeasui'ed 

So we can see how the Baymonds lived, v.-ith the 
people who gathered around tliem. The men worked 
in the niills, hunted and tished, while the v/omen spun 
before the rude fireplaces an<l the children played along 
the shore. In six years of the existence of the little 
community thete mast have been both birth-, and 
deaths, and the ilead v, ere buried on the point which 
^)verlo(jks the island, with tlat stones set U|> at the head 
and foot of each grave. Perhaps it was liiymond's 
>i'tl]ers who e;il)i"d the isbnjd '-Cherrv Island," l.s it is 

1-24 nisTonv OF ]VKsrr(>r:T 

namoJ on the map made in ITS."). Au E.^'.i-h colony 
Avouli.l h;ii\lly know llio .•^tt)ry of the tor:.:".r ■:•!* Fatlit-r 
Jo|j;ues, inoie tlum a huudrod years befure. Tbas tliey 
spent fiv(} yoar.s in the )-U(](? and advecturj^.s life of 
i'rontiersin.'ii aiul tiieir t'aiuille.s, and then v-.i.:;:e a bud- 
den Hash and npht^aval at their very doors iii the taking 
of 'J'ic()nd(M('ga and Crown Point l)y Eth.-i! Allen and 
IJenndict Arnold. 

Peihaps there were nuMi from Rayrnoiid's Mill, in 
the little band that crossed the lahe from SLoreham to 
TiconderogJi that May morning of 1775, crepi into the 
fort past the st;irihd sentitiel, and gave :;!e cheer in 
front of the barracks which wakened DehudAoe. F"r 
several days behjre the attack, the Green Mountain 
Boys had searched the shores of the lake from Skenes- 
boro to Pant()n for boats in which to transport the at- 
tael:ing force, .-md Raymond n:ay have sent both men 
and boats, ui- liave joined in the enterprise himself. Or 
it may be tln\t he stayt;d cautiously at home, and saw, 
looking out of his do!)i-, the two small boais which, were 
sent by tlie liritish garri.-^on at Ciov.n Point, to 
carry to Canada the news of the loss of Fort Ti, with 
au urgent request for reinforcements. Down the lake 
they Went with all sp.-t-d, but bi:-fore they were out ":' 
the Narrows they w.-re capturcnl by that one of th<' 
Green Mount, lin lioy.s w!io bore the unfiu-gettal)le nam-- 
of Pi. 'member Paher. Lying in waif inside the uu)uth 
of Otter (.'r.. k, h'- cam.- (uit just in time to intercept 
tliem. ;uid th.'V .U!'! th-'ir dispatclu-s were hustled back 
to swrll the.uiimbei- .'t the captured ii,ud the gc-n-nai 

iiisroin' OF WKsrroirr ^0,5 

;_lorv of the occasion. One cau irnai;iiie tlieir ilis;-:, 
with the strutting,' ami crowiu-'; Coutinoutals, ongagoil 
.il)ont that tiFiif , acconliii.u; to Alleu's own ac^Mutit, in 
■'tossiiij^- about the flowing hcwl." Wht'n Seth "Warner 
came to take possession of Crown Point he i'ouiui thert^ 
;• garrison of one sergeant and eleven men. Did 
^Varuer pull down tlie banner of Enj^land from thefla;!:;- 
-talY, or did he leave it flying in obedience to that tre- 
mendous fiction which so solemnly maintained that the 
colonists were not resisting the king, but only figliting 
;t Httle provisionally while seeking to learn more fully 
his good pleasure in certain disputed matters? 

The next thing for Raymond to see from his door was 
the schooner of Major I'hilip Skene sailing }>ast with a 
good south breeze. Many a time had he seou her before, 
lor she had made regular trips from Skenesboro to St. 
•bihn's ever since Skene built her, but now Skenesboro 
was in the hands of the Continental soldiers, and tin- 
schooner was commanded by Benedict Aiucjld. Fol- 
lowing c:imo a number of batteaux loaded uith men, 
and commanded by Ethan Alh^i. Twt) or three days, 
.Old tlie schooner is seen agaiti, sailing south, trium- 
I'hant convoy of a captured sloop and four batteaux, 
which Arnold had taken at St. John's the day before. 
Now the eolonists ruiedl the lake from end t<^ end, and 
by tliis time liaymond iiiust have ih^clared himself for 
King or Congiess. That he chose the latter seems 
nio>t probable from tin-, fact of his staying until tlu^ 
iH-xt year. A Tory miliar living so neai- the fort would 
iia\f lit^tju ii\elined» to gt) away as soon as possible aftel' 

. 12H JUSTijUY OF WlCSTI'nirr 

the led-eoats li.ul ^iveu way to the Gr<;eii Mouutaiti 

Late iu August of that suuniier, General liiehanl 
3Ioutgoinery It'l't Ticonderoga \vitli an army of a tlious- 
aud ijiui), fulL)\v(;(l elo^>ely l^y his; chi<r;f, Major-denera! 
Schuyler. Both these nieti were familiar with Lak-- 
Cbamplaiu, from their serviee against the French in 
the last" war. It was Phiiij) Schuyler, as will be le- 
membereil, who dined in Bnttou bay wheu lie was with 
the Boundary Commission in ITtiG, and afterwavds took 
tea with the Gillilands at Milltown. His friend Sir 
Guy Carleton was still Governor of Canada, but Schny- 
ler would not dine with him unless one of them should 
be taken p)-isonor. This was that romantic, disastrous 
invasion of Canada, tlif story of w hieh is so full of names 
.of men who aft .rward became famous, and which is, as 
a whole, symbolized, for glory and for grief, by the o\w 
name of llichard Montg.)mery. On the last day of 
the year, leading an unsuccessful attack on Quebec, h>-- 
was killed, and tlu'ie buried. After forty-three years, 
his body was carried through the lake to its last burial 
in New York. 

HiiymtMid and CriHiland must have heani of Mont- 
gomery's death, of Arnold's wound, and of the army ir. 
winter quarters at Montreal. At the very beginning of 
the campaign S<;lmyler hacl lu^en obliged to go back t-> 
Albany <»n aciount of sickness. All that winter th- 
l;dv';> was full of n)(-s^fngcrs, trooiis sent as reinforce- 
ni'Mits, sick and fui-louglicd men returning to th^^ii 
llon^tJ■^. and .dl Luc i.u-1,1.- '.u.l contusion inci'-lcnl f.o tic 

Til STORY OF ]vi-:sTroirr ijt 

I'.-ar of aw army of invasion. Snowslioes and sledgfs 
xM'ved for the winter's travel, and when the ice broke np 
in the sprinp; alinf>-^t the first l)oats that went thron^h 
("iriied the Commission of Cmigress to Canada. 

If Eaymond stood in his door on the twenty-fourth 
(if April, 177C, lookinpj out npou the water, where cakes 
o{ ice still floated, f^vindinff and crushinf^ apjainst the 
>hove, he nii^ht have seen two lioais <;o by, making 
tlu'ir way nr-vtliward. Tlie boats were hir^e and heavy, 
thirty-six feet in length and eight feet wide, furnislied 
with a rude square sail and rowed by armed men who 
wore a uniform of browti with baft' facings. Tiiere were 
thirty to forty soldiers in each boat, and the whole 
farmed an escort for four men, sent by Congress to Can- 
ada to trv the temper of tlif Canadians and induce 
them, if possible, to join the thirteen colonies in rebel- 
lion agaitist Great Ijritaiti. There were tliree Commis- 
sioners, I>enjamin Franklin, Samuel Chase aarl Charles 
Carroll of Cairollton, accomjianied by Join; Carrc^U, a 
•b-suit jnit'st, and afterward the tirst lloman Catliolic 
Arrh-bishop.-,f the United States. Tlieyhad had a weary 
j'uniey from Philadflphia, stopping for a welcotne rest 
at the liouse of Philip SchnUer, and had now left Ti- 
eonderoga at eleven o'clock, reaching Crown Point a 
little after three and stopping there to examina tije 
<hfenees. Charles Carroll wrote in his diary that they 
h'und theiij "in ruins," \\hi(;h seem> very surprising 
wlien one considers that it was only seventeen years 
^-illce Amherst built tlie f(.>rt ainl tin- barracks at great 
'Ap-Mise, and in the Uio.-t subst..'iiti:d jjiaiine)', bnt Cai- 


nisTour OF \vi:sTi'<)jn 

rollexplaius: "]]y soiiio uccideui Iho f(jrt took tiie, th,. ' 
flames commiujicateil to the powder maoazine, contain- ] 
• ing at that time ninety-six barrels. The shock was so 1 
^reat us to throw down the barracks- at least the upp.r j 
•stories. The explosion was distinctly heard ten niilcs J 
otr, iind the earth shook at that distance as if there had ] 
been aji eartliquake. This intellioence I received from I 
onu Taris, who liv. s ten miles dt)wu the lake, and at \ 
wiiose house wo hiy tliis night." | 

Carroll came fr.^n Maryland, and was not familiar ! 
with >;ew Eu..Iand names, but of coarse "Faris".means \ 
Ferris, who lived ^m the eastern shore, just opposite | 
Raymond's Mills, having settled there tlie year preced- | 
iug the.coming of Jiaymond. The explosion at the f>,rt \ 
must have formed one of the most startling experiences | 
of the Fiaymond settlement. | 

If Kaymond saw the boats of the Commissioners 1 
drawn up on the shon. at Ferris's, (we now call th^ 
plac- Arnold's bay,, and the party making preparation^ 
for e.mping for the night, h. may have had the curi- 
osity to row across and obtain a nearer view of th^ 
strangers. At ti\.. thr next ujorning tiiey were again on 
their way, hut as they went through the Narrows 
there came up a uale from the north, th.v forcd to stop at the house of one of GiUilands 
•■"loHists, on the site of Ess.x. The Commis- 
sioners do not .<eeui to havo known of the existence ot 
Gilliland, hospitality was so eagerly extended to 
the lioundary Commission ten years before. 

Carroll's jour.ial continues the account of the jourue>s 


to Montreal, whicli tliey reaL-hetl April 29, being re- 
ceived by Cloneral Benedict Arnold, then in command, 
with much courtesy. On May 11 Carroll ^vrites : "Dr. 
Franklin left Montreal to-day to go to St. John's, and 
from thence to Cougress. The doctor's declining state 
«>f lieaith, and the bad prospect of our atl'airs in Canada, 
made him take this resolution. " A man of seventy 
years was indeed ill-titted to endnre the hardships of 
such a journey, in open boats and over rough roads, 
sleeping under the awning of the boat or a rude shelter 
of bushes in the raw winds of our northern April. 
Franklin was accompanied on his return by the Rev. 
John Carroll, the other two Commissioners remaining 
in Canada until they left it with the Continental army in 
full retreat, the last of May. Tliey rowed all day and 
all night, passing Raymonds Mills the evening of the 
third of June. One month after, the arm}- of Sullivan 
pa^,sed by, hastening to shelter in the fortifications at 
Crown P<)int. The next day Congress adopted tljo 
Declaration of Intlependonce and three of the men who 
camped (jn the shore of the lake opposite Raymond's 
Mills that April night were Signers of that fanjous in- 

Gilliland's settlement at Milltowu had now had a 
prosperous existence of ten 3ears. In this time there 
had gathered there a population of upwards of one 
hundred .souls, with twenty-eight dwelling houses, forty 
other buildings, two grist mills, two saw mills, and a 
large extent of cleared and cultivated land. All this 
the colonists were tVnced to abandon bv the orders of 


Sulliva!!, conimnnder of the retreating army, strollgl^■ 
seconded \)\ tlieir own ft-ars of the arniy of Carleton. 
M'bich was in close pursuit. Gillilaud buried the heavv 
inacbiuery of the mills iu the woods, aud taking his 
family an<l what furniture lie was able to carry, fled to 
Crown J^oiiit. Here tlio army was s|)read out in one 
vast liospital. Sullivan remained there ten days and 
when ho moved on to the south he left behind him three 
hundred new made graves of soldiers who had died of 
sraall-pox. Shelter for army or for fugitives there was 
none. This was a scene for a man to enter with a fam- 
ily of motherless little children, — for GilHland's wife 
bad died before this time. The oldest of the children 
■was Elizabeth, now twelve years old. Her grandmoth- 
er and the household slaves had the care of the familv. 
So little Bess looked once more upon Bessl;)oro, as they 
hurried up the lake in confusion and distress. 

Gillihuid sold his caUle and crop.s to Sullivan's army, 
Avhich stood in sore need of milk, beef ami vegetables. 
The commissary was that Major Fl;iy who afterward 
gave his atlidavit in regard to GilHland's ownership of 
Bessboro. Gilliland complained most bitterly that he 
was cheated in the price of his cattle, and robbed ami 
plundered by tht- soldiers of Arnold. When he laid 
these complaints before Gates, the Commander-in-Chief, 
Arnold's defense was a contemptur)us denial, and a 
charge that (iilliland was at heart a loyalist, and guiltv 
of attempts to convey information to the enemy. "Gil- 
libinil," said he, "is a most plausible and artful villain." 
In the light c>f sub.^f.pi- lit hi-toiy, it \\iuil>l seem tluit 

: :. IflSTOliY OF WKSri'ORT 7.7/ 

Aruokl nii^lit have been a gooel jnil;^'o of tliaf. kiuJ of 
tiling, but there is no real evidence that GilHhiud was 
ever inclined to play such ii ])arfc. It is ])rol>aV)ly trno 
tbtit he called Ai'nold and his men "a parcel of damned 
i-olibcrs," as one witness gave evidence, but we shall 
not find it difficult to forgive him for that. 

Gilliland. seems to have taken his family to All)auy 
in the wake of the army, and did not return to Lake 
Ciiamplain until after peace was proclaimed. In all 
this we have no hint of how things went v.ith llaymond 
and his settleuient. He was, of course, in a much safer 
position than the settlers of Milltown, being able to 
reach tiie fort in a short time after an alarm should be 
given. It would seem that it might have been profita- 
ble for him to keep his mills going while the soldiers 
were at the fort. There was no shelter theie for such 
an army, and the boards from the saw-mill would fur- 
nish material for rude huts, whih^ the grist-mill would 
grind corn to feed the men. Well they knew that 
Oarleton ^^ as straining evt;jy nerve to follow the re- 
treating army, but absolute safety was nowhere, and 
the miller was not timid,— timid men did not under- 
take to settle on Lake Champlain before tlie Revolu- 

After the patiit)t army left Crown Point, the soldiers 
statii)ned there were active in the Imildiug of the little 
fleet of Benedict Arnold. If Raymond went often to 
the fort, he saw there the galleys and gondolas building 
in Bulwagga bay, while others were fashioned at Skenes- 
borough and Ti, ail under the rostlt.'ss, driving domina- 

]:rj II I ST in- OF WEST I 'OUT 

tion of tlie vuliiig spirit of these iiorthoru \vaters,AriJoKl 
liiinsolf. The u-liole summer was spent in sliip-building. 
Aruold at tlie soutbern enrl of the hike, Carletou at tht- 
tiortbern. In October both were ready to fight. On 
the eleventh they came together, fighting a fierce naval 
battle near Valcour, in which Carleton gained all the 
advantage and Arnold all tlie glory, from the fact that 
Arnold was fighting an enemy tv/ice his size and more 
than hol'ling his own. On the morning after the battle, 
before daylight, Aruold slipped away, silently and suc- 
cessfully, favored by his own knowledge of the lake, 
and fine spirit of his men, and their perfect and intelli- 
gent disci}'line. Not U7\til they were well out of his 
reach did Carleton discover tlieir escape, and he gave 
chase at once. Winds v.ere adverse, and it was not 
until the thirteenth that the running fight between pur- 
suer and pursued reached Split Kock and the waters of 
Wcstport. Arnold was ir.tent upon escaping to the 
protection of the guns at Crown Point, and Carletou 
was eager to bring him to anotlier engagement in v%hich 
the great superiority of the British liuet in ships, in 
men, in guns and in juevious drill might be brought 
fully to bear and ctVect a dt-cisive victory. For ''^^\t^ 
ghi.sses," says Arnold's report, (two hours and a half,^ 
the fight went on in the upper Narrows and in North- 
west Bay. Arnold's tl^et had numbereil fifteen vessels. 
His best slu'i', the /A/y''/ Sncinjr, was lost iu the first 
day's fight. The selu^. «ner lunrnfje and the sloop ////- 
(irj>r!s'\ with the galhy I'rinuhnjf^ escaped to Crown 
Pi)lnt. whil-- the gail<-y ]]'<i.^l/ni>ih>n was taken near Split 

11IST0J2Y OF WKSTl'Oirr 7.-n 

Uoclc. OtlitM- galleys and goii lulas had boon snid; or 
disalilel, until Arnold's gall'V, the CoiKjress, with four 
gondolas, carried ou the fight with Carletou'.s JiijJcj-i- 
hh- and his two schooners, the Maria and the Carlrlon. 

In the ]Mctnve which we may conjure U]) of the naval 
battle in Xortliwest ba}', Oct. 13, 1776, the most cou- 
si)icuous objoft is tlie jDjIexib/t', catching the. light on 
her cloud of canvass as she makes long tacks between 
the shores, attempting to bring her cannon to bear on 
Arnold's boats, but c<jnstautly bailfled by a breeze from 
the south. She was ship-rigged, with three masts, the 
largest vessel then otloat ou inland waters, carr^-ing a 
battery of'eighteen twelve-pounders, and quite able to 
blow Arnold's rude little flotilla out of the water with 
two broadsides, if she could but come within range. 
Then there was the C'arlefon, a schooner with two masts 
carrying tweUc six-])oundor>;, and now showing in hull 
and rigging many marksof thecannonading (>f two days 
before. T\ie J/tiria, (named after the wife of Gen. Carle- 
ton,) wassomewjiat larger, with an arinamet:t of fourte-en 
six-pounders, a;:d upon her forward deck stood Caj>tain 
Pringle, commanding the fleet under the obsorvatitn: of 
Gen. Sir Guy Carletou himself, with Baron Piiedt^sel an 
interested observer of the engagement. 

Opposed to three vessels see Arnold in the 
( 'oiKjrcss, simply a large o]>en boat, with rowers ranged 
around the sides, plying heavy oars, since the one square 
sail was of no use with the wind ahead. Itj tlie bow- 
were mounted two cinnon, an eighteen pounder and a 
ruelve j.Mjund'i-, in the stern two nines and on thesid^s 

1:m U J story of WFSrrORT 

&ix sixes. The O'U'/rt.^s was built to carry eighty meu, 
and one-fourth of her crew were killed. The four gon- 
dola.s were smaller than the Conr/reHs, each built to 
curry forty-five men, with one twelve-pouuder and two 

The clitl'.s of the Narrows and of North Shore echoed 
the roar of cannon, and the whole lala; kncvw that the 
end of the battle drew near. Perhaps there were nier» 
from Eaymoud's Mills fighting in Arnold's flotilla, and 
])erhaps there were women loft at home who crept out 
to the end of the point to watcli, or boys too young to 
fight whu stole out in a skiff upon the water in sight of 
the ships. The end came when Arnold, about two 
o'clock in the afternoon, seeing that the- attempt to 
reach Crown .Point was hopeless, ran his five boats 
ashore in the little shallow bay opposite Barber's Point, 
bis vowurs pulling to windward out of riuioh of the 
enemy's guns. TIi-ju llie buiits were set on fire, with 
every Hug ll}ing, and Arnold's men stood on the clay 
bank, keeping ott' the siu.dl boats from the fleet with 
nmsketr}' tire until the (_'nn.(jrt'S,<; and the four gondolas 
were burned past all capture.^ Tben they retreated to 

•T!-.e flag* were }ikc the one first rii.sed by Washinj^ton at Cambridge in Janu- 
ary of the same, bearing the thirteen red and white stripes for the thirteer. 
colonies, with the union ci EngUnd, a red cross over a white one on a ' field of 
blue, instead o£ the iUrs which we now use. 1 have not been able to determine 
exactly the naines of the four {{ondolas whose charred timbers now lie on the bot- 
tom of Arnold's bay, but thev were four out cf these six: The New York, Capt. 
Kced, the Provi.lcncc, Ciipt. Simonds, the New Haven, Capt. .Mansfield, the Spit- 
tire, Capt. Ulmcr, the Boston, Capt. Sumner, and the Connecticut, Capt. Grant. It 
is oneof our loi-al Icjfcnds thut one of Arnold's boats hid in Partridge Harbor 
after his tiuht wi-.hCarleton. U there i; any truth in tlii.-, it have been the 
row B-iiiev I.-.e, L-.j-t. Dav :b. It is b:r,l i:i G.n. Uicdt^ci's the.: liiUgal- 

iiiSTonv OF ]vi:srp<.)jrr is-i 

C!rowii Point thr<:)U^li the wuuils, ft)llo\ved by Iiulians 
who Ijad been sent by bind nj) tlio lake, and si<j;uaKnI 
for boats to take them over to the fort. Crown Point 
was at once abandoned, the Continentals falling back 
tu Ti, and the next day Carleton's fleet came sailinjj; up 
and occupied Crown Point. t 

And how fared Edward Piaymond in all this stirring 
business? We know that he left iiis .settlement in this 
same year, and the local legend say.s that he was driven 
away by Indians, escaping to the opposite shore in a 
suiall boat with his wife and eliild, while his house was ' 
burning. Thus it would seem almost certain that the 
savages attached to Carleton's army descended upon 
Piaymoud's Mills and desolated the place. If this be 
true, Raymoml suti'ered for the patriot cause, and his 
fortunes fell with the defeat of Arnold. Since Crown 
l^oint had just been occu|)ied l)y the British, he could 
not llee to the ]>rotection of th- fort, and his only ave- 
nue of escape lay by way of the eastern shore. Per- 
haps his neighbor Ferris took him in that night, if 
Ferris had had the hardihood to remain in his house, 
and the good fortune to escape destruction. 

ley '"Wiis found a few days later in a hay, abandoned by the crew." The men 
niij^'hl have made their way ihrouR^h the woods to Ti, eluding tJie Indians who 
had been sent up both sides of the lake by Carlefon, 

tThe most exhaustive and complete account of the battle between Carleton and 
Arnold is given in an article by C.iptain A. T. Mahan, U. S. K,, in Scnbner's 
Magazine for February, iS'jS This article is finely illustrated, and a set of the 
illustrations has been framed in wood taken from the wrecks of Arnold's boats. 
The frames were made for .Miss Anna Lee by Mr. J. X. Barton, \vho had secured 
at different times several pieces of wood from the wrecks. The remains of the 
vessels still show plainly at low water, thoutjh little is left, of course, but some oj 
f/ic kteJ timbtTS sutik in the mud. 

isa jirsTonr of v.t.stpout 

An officer in Carleton's nnnj, Liout. Digby, kept n 
diary, iu which lie entered his inipressioDS of the cam- 
pain and the countr}-. "Crowu Point," he says, "is a re- 
markable fmo plain, au imconimon sight to us after be- 
ing so long Inii'ied in sncli lioundless wooils, where our 
camp formed agrand appearanco." He speaks of flocks 
of pigeons, "thick enough to darken the air, also large 
eagles," and of ."herds of deer all along the shore 
fcide, which were seldom disturljed, the country being 
but little altered since its first state of nature, except 
now and then a wandering party of sa^ages coming 
there to hunt feu- their sustenance." Ho mentions sev- 
eral fam'ilies living near the fort who still remained loyal 
to the king, and who had sutlered ranch in consequence 
from the Continental soldiers. "Wlieii Carletou and his 
fleet returned to Canada, before the first of November, 
leaving the lake to the colonials for the v*inter, these 
families chose to go tt>o, li^Livitij.^ the western shore more 
utterly deserliAl than it had been since the first settle- 
ments of the French. 

The next June Sir .lohn Burgoyne'oame up the lake 
with his spli'udid fleet, carrying over seven thousand. 
Uien, the largi'sl army which e\cr passed Westport land, 
and by far tlu^ mo^^t brilUant and impt^sing sight ever 
visible from these shores. Burgoyne arrived at his 
camp at the mouth of the Boquet river June 21, 1777, 
his advance gu„ud being already there, and for a week 
afterward iXw fair fulds of ^^'illsbl)ro were overspread 
with tin- \\W\W t-nt> cf liis sddiery. Hrre he hel(': 
a great iMUncd vi u;ir w iiJi tl'o allies of Cheat 

iiiSToin' OF ]vi:sri'(>irr y.vr 

D'itaiii, and lieic he first issued tlie jiroclatiiatiou wiiirh 
was called "the Boquet order," addressed to tho r<l>td- coloi)ists, offerijjg- peace and pardon to all who 
uonid return to their allegiance to thekiu^,', and threat- 
<-iiiug all others with every terror of Indian warfare. 
This proehunation ]iasspd unheeded over tlie deserted 
iiuiulf^t of Rayniond's Mills, where the wind swept the 
a>hes over the C(^ld hearthstones, and the squirrels 
It'aped and chattered through the silent mills. Gilli- 
laud's settlement was also deserted at this time, and 1 
suppose there was uot a siuj^le rehelHous colonist on 
this western shoi'e north e)f Crown Pcunt. 

An eye-witness .on board one of the ships, Thomas 
Anburey, describes the advance of the fleet, on a day 
"remarkably tine and clear, not a breeze stirrini;," as 
■"the most complete and splendid regatta you can pos- 
<ilily ((uiccive. In the front the Indians went with 
tlnMr birch canoes, containing!; twenty or thirty eacli ; 
then the advance corps (Trazer's) in lei^ular line with 
the gunboats; then followed the liniinl Gi(>r(ji- and th.^ 
Iiifh xiblf, towing large booms, with the two brigs and 
sloops following; after them Generals Biirgoyue, Phil- 
ri|)s and Eiedesel in their pinnaces; next to tliem th.e 
second battalion, and the rear was Ijrought up with the 
suttlers and followers of tlu> army." 

The liuiidl (rcorijf was a tine new shi{), built lor this 
campaign tlie winter l-)efore, and fitted to carry twenty- 
four guns. The /////e.r/7./r, the (\irhtoii and the Mnrin 
we have seen before in Bay, and again th<' 

v-v.s' iiisronY or wrsrrnirr 

Mcri'i has llic ilistiiictioii of c.irryiii^' the olKe*?!' Iji^li.~,t 
ill iMuk, i\w ij;;i_v nnilorins of JUirgoyue anJ his stali 
sl)o\viijg vividly under the white sails. The sim shoii^ 
bright on niusk(>t and 'oayom^t, brass buttons, gohl hic»-. 
}>hinies ajid seai'let (dotli, with Hoating banners and 
pennons, the .^hiuiri^ i^un^ of the artillery, and the pol- 
ished instfunieiits of a band p.laying the most inspiiiu^ ■ 
martial airs. Soajev. hore iu all this o;liitering ]iai;-eant ; 
went two heavy, rough-built vi.'ssels, the row-galle\- 
jrashJixjfnii and the gouilola Jersf-'i captured in tli- 
tight between Carleton and Arnold the year before. \ 
Their names soem to have reniained unehanged, lik.- 
that of the A'"//'// S'triKjr^ which was built and naujed 
by the Britisli, taken at St. John's In- Montgoineiy, and 
used by Arnold as his tiag-ship in the battle of Vulcour. j 

On the night of the 'I'yth of Jane the German battal- \ 
ion undtn- JJiedesel iiiadt^ its cam{) at Button Bay, \\- \ 
read iii iiis n!ei:ioirs : 'The weather was dtuightful, and \ 
we reaciii'd J)olioni bay the same night. On the ilay i 
following, (tin 'inth.) the aimy arrived at nine o'cloek \ 
in the morning at Crown Point." "Bottom bay," of j 
course, is a ini>:--reading of (ren. Biiedesel's notes by hi< \ 
biogra[>her, — pos.-ibly a ujjstake of his translator. '] 

Gen. Jliedesel's biogi-aph.-i- savs: "Fifteen hundred \ 
horses iiad b.^-n [Muehased in Canada for the army. l! 
They wer.: to be SiMit to Crown Point by land." And ] 
Palmer says, i-i hi> i ['story .)f Lake Cham [.lain : '-Sevt^n 
Imndred e.ut-. \\'-\-- brougiit ou with the arniy, to b,' 
used in tran-i'-rling ba^'^ageand provisions across the 
j.oitag.s b,iw.-. h tic- liA^-s .iiid the liud.-.on river, and 


fifteen liuiidrod Canadian horses wore sent \)\ land uji 
the west side of the hUce, under a strong escort." Mr. 
Pavid Turner, editor of a Westport news[)aper in the 
forties, waswout to claiuj tliat this \vag(ni train passed 
thr()U<,di Westport, and camped one Wvj^hi on the liill 
iiortl) of the vilhige, now known as"Almon Allen's hill," 
r>urr;;oyne's orderly books and the published diaries of 
two of his otlicers ^\\q no hint of horses brought, from 
I'aiiada in any way except by water. 

This German l^aron Eiedesel is one of the most in- 
teresting figures in the nruiy of Burgoyue, partly on 
Ids own account, and partly because of his i>eautiful 
\\ife, who followed him from Germany to the wilds of 
.\merica with three little children. She reached Que- 
l>ec on the 11 th of Jutie, after her husband had started 
^vith the army. They had {wo blissful days together, 
ami then were obliged to part, he to his military duty, 
and she to remain in Canada until his return from the 
t-ampaign. Then it happenedj i-u'eciscly as it uiiglit 
have hajipened in a novel, that at the battle of Hub- 
bai'dton, July 7tli, a certain Major Acklaud was badly 
wounded. His wife, Lady Harriet Ackland, liad also 
followed her hnsl)aud to America, and was then in 
Montreal. Hearing of her husl)and's wound, she started 
•at once to join liim. When she arrived, aiid the story 
was known, the whole army went wild with achniraticni. 
A beautiful young woman of rank, the daughter of an 
earl, ])assionately devoted to a brutal iiusband, thread- 
in^; her way through forest and lake for hive of him,— 
it was all pitch. "d to the high, (jniNotie level of th'- 

jii) iiisToin' OF \vi:sTi'uirr 

(li-;imii ljur^o}iio Mini liis men vvore playiug. G'l 
r'ntgiiyiie knew i)i" riieJesel"s wife staying in Can;ul • \ 
(like a siiisible wonuin as .siie was,) and he said to In:;!. \ 
'"Geuei-al, you shall have your wife here also!" Su tli • 
Baroness was sent for, and we \c\;\\ add her name to tli- 
list of famous people who passed in sight of "Westport,- 
an^-l never a sweeter, mere wonmnly soul looked out 
n})()n it. She w ;is acconiji.uiied by two uuiids and \\<i \ 
three ehildiuu, six year oM Uustava, Frederica, and tin j 
baby Caroline. In her diary she does not descriii- i 
her journey through the lake with much detail, but \ 
sajs : "During the night we hid a thunder storrn, which | 
ap[»eared to us more terrii)le, as it seemed as if we were l 
lying in the bottotn of a caldron surrounded by mount- \ 
aius and great trees. The following day we passed | 
Tieoiideroga." Were they storm-bound that night iu i 
our bay, elost; und^r Noi'th Slioi-e, with the thunder n-- | 
verbt-iating fiom the- elill's V They seem to have sle|ir 
on board the boat for fear of the rattlesnakes on shor«,'. 

Wlifu the army of Burgoyiie suirendered at Sara- i 
toga, the J>ai'oi)ess and lun- children were taken charge 
of by Phili[) Schuyler, and how prettily she tells the 
story of his taking the l>a!)i^'s iu his arms and kissing 
them, t" the intinite icas-urani'e of the mother's heart. 
Th.'y wen- lodged in the Schuyler uiansion, and treated 
with the mo^t ili-.tingiiislied eousideration. 

The Gdldand children, wer- in Albany at this time 
also, in tiie cart! i>f their grandmother. They had fallen 
upon evil tiint-s, for their father was in pri.son upon a 
eh.uge <>\ tf a-o!i, and ih: ir sla\es l;ad rtiii awa\'. Our 

insTniiv OF WKsrroirr ui 

Eli/abetli was then a girl of tliirtoen, tlic- oldi'st of a 
t'ainily of live. They may have seen the little German 
oliildren \vhi;se father wa- a prisoner too, comih;fjj ont 
of the door of the Sciiuylcr house, or riding out with 
their mother in the grand Schuyler coach. 

x\.s the army of Burgoyne passed through Northwest 
bay, spreading out its ranks upon tlie water as it 
eniorged from the; Narrows, only one nutn in all the 
Ueet lools'e<l upon these shores with k\(^^ of jiossession 
and familiar acquaintance, and that was Major Phili|> 
Skene, who had received from the king six j ears before 
the patent which still bears his name, and upon which 
l)art of the village of AVestport now stands. In those 
six years he had done much and traveled far, seeing 
many a coast with which he could contrast the sti'i-teh 
of wooded shore, unbrc^ktii, desolate, washed by waters 
which reflected every le;if and stone with double bril- 
liancy that still Jnnc day. As he g.i/eit he must have 
thought of his work at Skf^nesboro, where he had 
built mills and forges and sh.ips, ;nid ))erh;i|)s he [)!;uined 
to do the sauie in Northwest bav when this can)paign 
should be over, and the king's authority acknowledged 
without dis})ute on ;dl the continent. His mind must 
have been full of his settlement at the end of the lake, 
toward which ihe army was hastening, tor he had not 
seen it since its ca[)ture by the (rreen Mountain ]Jo\s, 
mort; than two years bof(jre. At th(- time of that e\tMit 
he was in Kngland, leaving his s.)n Amlrew in charge of 
tin." cohMjy. He returned froui England with two tine 
liew things. ())je was a wife with :i fortune of foit\- 

iij jiisrom' or WKsrroirr 

thi.msauil pouuils, (lie haviii" been a haiulsoinc and 
well-ooimeetod wiilower,) aud thu other was a lesplcn- 
<le]it title, — "].i(Hitenaut-Goveniov of Ticondevoga and 
Cro^\ 11 Point, and Surveyor of His Majesty's ATotjds 
and Forests bordering on Lake Cliamplain." As h,- 
stepped ot}' the ship at Philadelphia he was arrested by 
the authority of Con<^ress, and wa.s k.^pt a [)ris(Hier fi)i 
more than a year. One can iina^iiie tlie consteruali.ui 
of the bridn at such an ending to her wedding triji. 
Now he had been exchanged, had been to England 
again, joined tlie army of Burgoyne, and found hiinstdt 
once more on the fauiihar waters of Lake Champlain. 
Within a few days ho was at Skeuesboro again, the arn)y 
having s-wept tlie Continentals out of its path in ruin 
and rout. He showed Burgoyne his coiou}-, or what 
remained of it, and told him all his plans for the gov- 
ernment of the Chaniplaiu valley. It has been said, l.'V 
the v\-ay, that liis ac(juacintance witli Crilliland was inti- 
mate, and that he UM'aut to make liim Ins viceroy wheii 
he hinis!-!f should bei-i>m«> Governor. If this V)e true. 
it may sia-vc to explain something of the mysteiious im- 
})risonment (;f Crilliland in Albany at this time, which 
has been hitherto attributed entirely to the maliciou- 
persecution of Arnold, between whom and Gilliland, u'' 
know, tlu')-.; o\ist.-d the l)itterest hatred. A man whi> 
had n-a.-on to exp.-ct an appointment of surh iuqxnt- 
ance from th" crown may widl havt- been suspected of 
sympathy with tlu' royali'^ts. But whatever the truth 
may bf. \\,- \<^<{ all idianc' of ever tinding it out when 
(;,)\rinor Skriir, \\\\\\. thf r.'stof the army, surrcudtnc.l 

HISTOID y OF WKsrroirr i4:i 

;it S;irat()fjfi. He insisted to the last, witli true Scotch 
»iii;icity, that the country people of the hikes were loyal 
.if heart, anil only wantei] the chance to tlock to the 
-t:iu(lar'l of the kiii^. Fie never saw Skeneshovo, or ore hed, or his ])atent at Ncrthwe^t bay a^j^ain, and 
all his |)ro})erty was pronijjtly confiscated by Con^^ress 
as soon as })eace was declared. 

Late iu Sfptenjber tlie-fi>reos of St. Leger, having 
failed to make a junction with lUirooyne by \vay]of the 
>roliawk liver, followed him throuf!;h Ijake Champlain. 
\\'hcu IJaviroyne surrendered October 17, 1777, tht( 
ni-ws soon reached Ticonderoga, and the P»ritish c^arri- 
»on which had been ]eft thei-e hastily dismantled the 
works and took to the boats, intent upon escaping to 
Canada. Before they were half way down the lake, 
('a|)taiu Ebenezer Allen (of the trilie of Ethan) came 
"Ut u[H)n them with a party of Green Mountain lioys 
:ind cut oft' the rear divisi(uj, capturing tifly nieii and a 
large cpiantit}' of baggage and military stores. 

A.ltlu)Ug]i ;ifter this year tlu; lake was the scene of 
no great national event, it w;is none the less full of 
picturesque scenes. The forts were not occui)ied by 
either power, and the lake was one great Debatable 
(.Iround, with the I>ritisli ships passing up and down at 
will, wliile small jiarties of Green Mountain Boysranged 
along the shores, keeping close watch of e\ery move- 
nient. Bed-coated soldier and blanketml savage, some- 
times both wearirig belts frmn wliieh (.langled fresh 
se;tlps, went by Mtuthuaid in boats or on the ice, drag- 
uiii-C with them ea['tive.-. fii.m the l)ordei setlh-ment>. 


Hiid there me tales of these captives eseapiiii^ ainl tlet-- 
iii<^' soutliwarJ over tlie same trails. The Johnsons and 
the Butlers from the valley of the Mohawk mude this 
their pathway, and the face of Joseph Brandt, adorned 
with war-paint and with eagle's phimes, looked more 
than once upon the place where a descendant of his 
own, not sixty years after, stood in a Christian pu]]iit 
and preached peace and piety with benevf)U^nt zeal.- 

In 31iiy of 17S0 came Sir John Johnson, at the head 
of his Royal Greens and his Indian allies, five hundred 
in number, on their way to visit the Mohawk valley 
ouce more with tire and blood. At Crown Point thev 
disembarked from the ships which had brought them 
up the lake, and took to the woods, fohowing a well- 
known trail to Johnstown. Turning instantly when 
their blow had been struck, they began their retreat th^^ 
2ord of May, taking with them both prisoners and 
plunder. Gov. Clinton hiujself followed them in clo>e 
pursuit, going by way of Saratoga and Lake George, 
hopiijgto cut them otl" before they reached Lake Chani- 
plaiu, but they gained their ships almost under the ey^-< 
of his scouts. He wrote to General Howe : "I with 
great DitKculty got on a Fcu'ce superior to Sir John's 
P.irty, but was not able to head him or gain his |)lare 
of Enjbarkation (Bulhvagers Bay) until about Six Hours 
after he left it." All tliat was left for the batlled Con- 
tinentals was to keep scouts on and about the lake nil 
summer, uith orders to report every movement of the 

*Rev. Thomas Brandt, a lineal t/escend;int of Joseph Brandt, preached in '.he 
Baptist church of W'estport for sl\ years, in the forties. 


oueiuy. Ill command of one of these parties was ^raj(3r 
Ebeuezcr Allen, (the same who captured a part of the 
retreating garrison of Ti after Saratoga) and on July 1, 
1780, he wrote to headquarters as follows : 

"Sir, I received intelligence by a Scout last Evening 
which came from Lake Champlaiu, that they saw two 
large Ships lying near Crown Point last Sunday at 12 
o'clock, and two Tenders. The two Large Vessels had 
aV)out ten Batteaus to each of their Sterns. The next 
Day they saw one of the Ships and one Tender sail 
down toward St. Johns, the other fell down as far as 
Iiaymouds Mills, there cast Anchor; Also a large mast 
Boat went to the Shore and landed a Xumber of Men 
and made Fives." 

So we see that Raymond's Mills was a place still 
well known, although Eaymoud himself had been gone 
for.r years, and we suppose the settlement to have been 
deserted. The two laige ships may have been the 
Rouol Geonje and the lufv.riJdi;, and it is probable that 
tlie whole flotilla had just returned from taking Sir 
John and his forces to St. John's, with their wretched 
prisoners. S'uno of the men brought with them their 
own wives and children and slaves, hitherto left in the 
enemy's country, and forty of the Rcn'al Greens carried 
knapsacks packed with the Johnson plate, which had 
])een baried on the flight of the family at the i)eginning 
of the war. 

In October the scouts reported the whole British 
tleet moving up the lake, eight large vessels, twenty-six 
iJat-boats and more than a thousand men, commandtj 

ufi jiJSTony OF WKsrroRT 

by ^Major Carlotoii (ne])liew of Sir Guy). Tliis \vas in 
protoL-Liuuof Sir John Job nsou, again ravaging; upou tlir 
Mohawk. The keen eyes of the scouts of Clinton 
peered out at the king's ships from nin,ny an unsus- 
pected thicket, and stole along tlie shore in skills like 
the Rangers of a generation before. Col. Ale.Kander 
Webster, writing to Gov. Clinton Oct. 24, 1780, says 
that the scouts "moved frcnn thence to Buliwagga and 
Grog bays, liayment's Mills and its vicinity. The last 
scout informs that they rt-connoitered those bars and 
other parts of the \Ai(^ froiu the Beautiful Elm in Pan- 

The movements of the British upon the lake caused 
grave concern among the Continental forces to the 
south, greatly increased by the sus{)icion tliat Vermont 
was listening to overtures from commissioners of the 
crown. All the next snmmtjr the flteet sailed up and 
down the lake, sometitiifs making ahirming feints, but 
in reality dniiig very little thimage. If the diplomacv 
of the Yerinout leaders served to protect the Grants 
from the incursions of tla- enemy, the deserted condi- 
tion of the Wfstern <hore, as well as the mountain 
barriers, operated to the same end. Lieut. Haddun, one 
of Burgoyue's otlicers. wrote in his journal when he 
came through the lake, "It niay not be iniproper to 
remark that there are but veiy tV-w settlements on the 
lake, not -20, and thox; (»nly single Houses," and settU- 
ment upon the frontier of ccun-se ceased entirely dur- 
ing the \v;il-. 

In Oetelu-i .-[ ITsl an arrived from the south 

jusTOiiY OF WEsrrnirr lu 

to Gouerul St. Loger ;it Ticoudero;;^, bearing the intol- 
ligeii'je of the sui'ren(.ler of CoruwaUis. lus^tantly ho 
embarked liis men and stores and sailed away to Can- 
ada, and for the last time ships Hying the banner of 
I'^ughmd sailed past onr shores. 

Late in July of 17S3, while the treaty between Great 
Britain and the United States was still pending. Gen. 
George Washington aiado a m.rtheru tour, visiting Ti- 
conderoga and Crown Point, aecoiu])auied by Gov. 
Geoige Clinton and some of his generals. "I could not 
help," he says, "taking a more couteiuplatlve and ex- 
tensive view of tlie vast iidand navigation of these 
United States." And so he stood upon the ramparts 
of Crown Foiiit, with Clinton at his side, and looked 
away down the beautiful lake upon the outline of our 
Coon mountain and North Shore, with the glittering 
blue of the Narrows, through which Arnold's ships came 
so gallanth" seven years before. He saw the sliore 
where la}- the l>arning Cuwjrcsx, and Ikj thought with 
agon\- that if out- shot luid found the. heart of the lead(.-r 
on that day, the I'lilfnrc would never have dropj)ed 
down the Hudson in another October with a traitor on 
lionrd. And writing to a friend u]»on his return, in al- 
lusion to this trip, he s;iys that he "could not but be 
struck with the goodness of that Providence which has 
<lealt her favours to us with so i)rofuse a hand. Would 
to Cr)d we ujay have wisdom enough to im|)rove them." 
With these wise and reverent words closes for us the 
last sc.jue of the Pievi^Iatiou. 


'^6 ,<^s p 

j^sU"h^ ^i4- 

























C\0.-(«^~t«."'vwaev^vv)OC^ I'^OO 

7.^0 jfiSTOicY OF WKsrroirr 


Orig:mal Patents. 

The tonitoiy of "Westport contains twelve patents 
and two tracts. Tlio townsliip is divided bj an east- 
aud-west line into tv/o nearly equal parts. This line 
runs west from a point on the lake shore just north of 
the mouth of the Koisington brool; to tlie western 
boundary of the town. South of this line lie the Iron 
Ore Tract, and the patents of Skene, AVoolsey and 
Gilliland. North of it lie two patents of Jonas Morgan, 
two of Phut TiOgers, the patents; of Daniel McCormick, 
of John Livingston, {kI'ui.s Kelly and De Lancey, nj'ws- 
Taylor and Kimball,) and of Rob Lewis,, and the Split 
Bock Tract. These tracts and patents are shown in 
the Atlas of Essex County, 1870, where their outlines 
have been verified by coasultin<7 mauy an old map of 
the first surveyins. 

BESSBOKO. Two thousand three hundred acres. 
First sui\-ey, JiHie, 1701; first grant, February, 1765, 
from the crown to William Gilliland. Second survev, 
September, 17SG ; granted by the vSt.ite of New York 
to William Gillilau'l. Tliis 'pat^-nt was not only the one 
first surveyeil au.l grantmh but tlie one first settled, both 
tem[)orarily and permaiKMitly. It lies on the south- 
eastern border of the town, between the lake and the 

SKENE'S PATEN1\ Two thousand four hundred 
acres, grantetl to Maj<u- IMiilip Skene "pursuant to a 
Warrant frum \\\- K-..-.!l.'ncy the Ki-ht Ib.n.'ral.)!- 

HISTORY OF \vi:sri'oirr ir>i 

John, Eail of Dauiuore, etc., bearing date tli«' 19th 
(lay of Jane, 1771." It liacl been surveyeil l>\' ISiinon 
Metcalfe, Deputy of Alexander Colden, and lay directly 
north of BessboiC), extt.'ndiii-^ northwarJ ahmi;- the shore 
to the head of the bay. The field Jiotes describe it as 
King "about three miles to tlie south of tlie Narrows." 
There are two ancient maps showing this pateut. One 
is in the otlice of the Secretary of State in Albany, oat- 
lining the shores of Lake Chaniplain froin Crown Point 
to Northwest bay, and showing by red lines two pat- 
ents granted to Philip Skene, a larger and a smaller, 
the larger being the oue already described. The smaller 
patent is called "Skene's Ore Bed Patent," and covers 
the ore beds on fhe lake shore now in tlie town of Mo- 
riah,but l)elonging to \Vest])ort until 1819. It contains 
six hundred acres, and its survey line be^au "at a Tree 
marked with the letters W. G., standing on the West 
liank of the said Lake on the South side of the Mouth 
of a small Prook where it vents it«;elf into Lake Cham- 
plain, comuiotily c;illeil Be;iver Br(.)o!;." This seems to 
mean our Mullfip. brook, and the tree was doubtless 
marked by (.rilliland with his initials when Bessboro 
was surveyed in 17(J4. A copy of this ma}> is owned 
by the Westjxnt Circulating Library. 

The second map of Skene's larger patent has been 
preserved l»y the deseendauts of the surveyor who drew 
it. and a copy of it is here given. It shows the tirst 
«livisiou *)f the [lateut into lots, and we call it the "Piatt 
llogers map" l^ecause wo believy that it was drawn by 
hiij). The Work U!>on the ori'.dnal is vciv tint.', and 


niSTonr of ]\i:sTjv,}rr 

could liot be adequately reprodncecl upon the aeooui- 
pauying plate. The patents are outliupd Mitli red and 
yellow shading, and tlie little pictures are done in sepia 
and water color, with the names written with a fine 
quill pen. The fish, the ship, the deer, the Indian and 
tiie bear are recognizable at a glance, but it is open to 
doubt whether the animal near the ponds is a beaver, 
and tliat pu tlie lake shore a wolf or a lynx. The lots 
are numbered from one to sixteen, and marked with 
the names of the owners : Melaucton Smith, Zephaniah 
Piatt, Nathaniel Piatt. George Freligh, Piatt Rogers, 
\^ dliam Thorn, Stephen Aikins and Simon P. Peeve' 
(Lots No. 4 and 15 are marked as having been sold to 
John Halst,3ad.) Tliese eiglit names of the original 
owners give us the key to the history of the map, since 
we know that five out of the eight were amou- the 
'•twelve patriarclis" of Piattsburgh. Melancton Smith 
Zephaniah Piatt, N'athaniel Pratt, Plait Pogers and Si- 
mon P. Peeve met with seven other men of p^-opertv and 
lutlueiK-e at the house uf Zephaniah Piatt in Pou-hkeep- 
SU-, December 80, ITS-band planned thefuture citv 
at the mouth of the Sarauae. Zephaniah Piatt and mJ- 
lancton Suiith were both member.^ of the Provincial 
Congress of New York i.i 1775, were distinguished bv 
their patriotic activity throughout the Pevolution. and 
were chosen members of tiie Cuistitutiohal Convention 
cf 1. .8. Aftei the. war was over these men, with oth- 
or.s, forn-.ed a large land company for tiie purchase of 
■ il.tary grants on Lake Champhiin, and obtained pos- 
^ 1-th the h.rg.r and tlie smaller patents of 


II I sit ) in' OF WKSTl'Oin' ir,:; 

I'liilip Skene, ooufiseatecl by the state nijder the attain- 
der of Andrew ami Plii]i[) Skene. These }iatents seeiu 
iveiitually to have passed into t]ie hands oi Piatt 

This is the earliest map indicating individnal owner- 
shiji of onr soil, Avith the exce{)tion of the nia]> of Dess- 
I'Dro. wliicli is a mere tnitline. It gives onr shore line 
frv. lu the head of the bay, a litth* novtli of the viHage, 
--cnthward to Coil's bay and th.e island, showing akso 
tlie northern part of Bessboro, with tliree buildings at 
the mouth of the l>rook, exactly where llaymond's Mills 
stood before the Revolution. Two dwelling houses are 
drawn as if from actual observation, one with one 
chimney and the other with two, and the mill is marked 
'Osgood's Mill." No other trace than this have I been 
able to discover of any man named Osgood in our his- 
tory, although he ought probably to be recorded as our 
tirst settler after the devolution. The trail from this 
.-settlement to the place where the village now stand.-;, in- 
<licated by a dotted line, is very interesting, as showing 
the first ])ath worn l»y human foot within onr borders. 
It must have followed blazed trees through a thick for- 
est, and ran betvveeu the present "lake road" and "mid- 
dle road" for mr)st of the wa^-. Perhaps the island was 
named from an abundance of wild cherry trees upon it, 
I'looming like fair3-land every s})ring. 

The date of the map has been assumed to be 17S5, 
although it may have been drawn the year before. 
That it cannot have bt.'cn made later Me infer fr(>m the 
fact that Ibzckiah Barber riH'cted jiennau-iit buildings 

/•>/ iiisToin' OF WKsrroirr 

;!t tliH en<l of l>avhr'i-'s i)oiiit in i\\e sj)rii!^f of ITSf). I( 
these bniltliiJi:;s l);ul bntM) staH(liu<^ whan the uiap was 
iiijule, the tiiap-ujakp)- v.onld ct'itaiuly have ])nt them 
in, since the inaj) used i)i'iuci])ully to show to 
woakl-l)e settlors, whom the ))roi)rietovs were ti'vin^ to 
induce to luiy h)ts, and the more tljickly setth;d th^^ 
••otiutry could be ma'le to aj^iiear, the move attractive it 
wouM surely be.-^ 

WOOLSEY'S PATENT. Six hundred acres, lyin- 
west of Skene's patent, and now traversed liy the high- 
way and the raihoa 1. On the map it is shown as cov- 
erinij; t.vo hirj.;;*.- [)onds, but tliis is a mistake of the sur- 
veyors, who cannot liave drawn it from actual survev. 
Tliis patent Ijelon^ed to Melanctou Lloyd ^Vool- 
sey, wjjo served as an otlicer in the llevolution, a)id 
was aid to Gov. C'lintrui. His fatnily came from Lou^ 
island, like the Platts, with whouj thev were C(innected, 

* rhc history o£ tliis r.iap is r.ilhti <:iirious. It descended from Piatt Ro>ftrs to 
his soil, Aniinias Uo^cfT.-, and ttit-n to his {grandson, I'lalt Rogers Halstciid. After 
the death of t!ie lattT !>• I'^-io, ihe ni ip was kept among- tiie papers of his «isttr, 
Mrs. Mi e^ M'K. Sawjer. lis practical use was t)y this time superseded, bur it 
was treasured bv the f.imilv :i^ a relic. Upon the death of Mrs. Sawyer, in 1S70, r 
passed into the possession of her oidest son. Kogers Halstead Sawyer, nf 
Bedfoid, N'. V. He died in iS~>5, and the fair.iiy soon alter moved to Cluc.ijro. I'l 
i>99, when enjjatjed in the prejaration of a jfencalosical record, the writer fi;und 
that the map was still CHrcfully kept in the family, and was afterward favored hv 
the loan of ic (ruin Lea Hulsti ad Savvye.r, the ^ of the maker. 

An ai tempt u is made to have Uie map photojrraphed, but it was so creased inli' 
f -Ids that llic result wa^i en'.irely unsatisfactory. Then the plan was adopted <;f 
having an exact copy m .de by haiui, and the copy photographed. We were frrt'i- 
nate in hnunn; a resident of Westpotl who was aide to copy the map with the most 
exiiuisiie tideiitv, icproducin^ it exactly as it must hive appeared when the sur- 
veyor lified his liand fioi'i his ia>-t stroke upon it. This copy was boujfht by Mi»s 
All ■« f-ee und presented to the villakjc library, and a photograph of it w i.s used f"r 
111.- copv ;:iven 111 -.hi.s ^o^^. Ail th.. v. ,rk \v is d>iie by Mr. Clarence Un-lerwood, 
plu tosrra ihcr a: W.idhams. .\h:is. 

iiisroin' OF wi:sTjv}/rr ir,.-> 

iiihl he was ]n-oiniiient amoiip; tlic tfuly citizens nf 
iMatt.sbnrgli, living to fif:;lit niaufully in the war of 1S12 
as a Veteran Exempt. His son, Lt. Mehmctou Taylor 
Woolsey, became clistingnished in the same war. One 
cannot help remarking upon the name ]M.elanetou, oc- 
curring with such unusual frecjuency in the early part of 
iMir history. The gentle Philijt Melauchthou, who tem- 
perecl the fierceness of ^Favtiu Ijuther's reforming zeal. 
t!iust have been a favorite historical character in the 
generation preceding the llevolntion. 

LIVINGSTON PATENT. Upon a map in the of- 
tlce of the State Engineer, "copied from a map of Piatt 
Piogers,'" a large grant runs noi-thwest frctm the head of 
the bay, erossii'ig the Bocpiet and stretching away into 
Lewis. Lpon it is written : "John Livingston tic Asso- 
ciates. 7iOO Acres Surveyed IIGS, CTranted 17S7." It 
is uY)on this patent that the village of Wadliams Mills 
n(jv\- stands. Its widtli extends, on the lake shore, from 
Ht-adlands to the canter of the viHajze of West{)ort, its 
Western boundary touching the north line of SkeneV 
patent. John Livingston was doubtless one of the 
Livingstons of Livingston ^Mauor, one of the uiost in- 
tlueutial families of that day. The pa.tent is 
more commonly called the Kelly and I3eLancey 
|>atent, and these u^ay be the names of previous owners, 
since in the chapter upon Land Titles in Smith's His- 
tory of Essex County it is said that "John Kelly and 
John DeLancey obtained a patent for 7000 acres on 
the ISth of July. 17SG. The description of the tract 
betrius at the Pav de Poches Eemh-e riiid lie^ in a 

h'ui lusTom' OF WEsrroiri' 

northwest course from tlie villR<^e of><jrt." ])e- 
L.iucey was iit cue time a name to conjure with in tlio 
lu^t^)ry of New Amsterdain, beinp; that of a powerful 
royalist I'annly. It is more than likely that the patent 
was one of disputed ownership for a number of years. 
Ill the county atlas it is called the Taylor and Kimball 
patent, and these were doubtless its latest owners be- 
fore it was sold oT to settlers. 

Mccormick patent. Upon the same map a 
patent lying west of the Liviugstf^n patent, and running 
parallel with it. evidently surveyed at the same time, 
is marked "Daniel McCormick A: Associates. 4000 
Acres, survi;ye.l 17GS, granted 17S7." Daniel McCor- 
mick was a laud speculator on a large scale, receiving 
immense grants of land in Fi'anklin and St. Lawrence 
counties. The patent is boun.led on the south by Skene 
and on the west by Jonas Morgan. 

PLATT 1U)G1:KS J^VTENTS. Tliese lie in the 
northeast part of the town, one of sixteen hundred acres 
on tlie north towii liuf, taking in all the tillable laud 
between Split Pock range and Coon mountain, and the 
other (ju the north shore of the bay, extending from 
Headlands to Pock lIa!l)or. The latter was probably 
secured to gain I'ontrol of the western landing of the 
ferry b.'tu^'en Pasia Harbor and Piock Harbor. Piatt 
Pogers rectdved txttusive grants of land in return f>)r 
his servic-'s to th.i statf in laying out roads, and. showe<l 
a tine disc-rimiii;iti..i, in picking out the best laud for 
himself. He is said to have received 73,000 acres in 
this way. /] his iiiay w.'U da/./le th..; virion of iinpecu- 

iifsrony or WKsrroirr jr>T 

nious cksceiulaiits, but we inust tliut in manv 
jrspects tlic I/uul was absr.lutely valueloss, and even 
lial)le to l)econie an embarrassment to its owner. Pei- its most enviable return was in the permanence 
iriveu to hisuame, stami)e(l as it is on some of the fair- 
est scones of this re-.n"on. 

^ EOB LEWIS PATENT. A small square patent of 
this name is shown on the lake shore of the Split Rock 
nmge, near Rattlesnake Den and the ore bed in the 
atlas of 1S7('.. 

JOHN WILLIAMS PATENTS. Two small square 
patents, one of two hundred acres and the other some- 
what larger, are cut out of the eastern jiortion of th<- 
L-on Ore Tract, and cover tlie country of the ancient 
Stacys and Nichols. John Williams was associated 
with Piatt Rogers in certain land enterprises, and after 
the death of the latter his heirs carried cm fur maiiv 
y.'.us litigation for the recovery of funds, but without 

JONAS MORCUN PATENTS. Two patents in the 
northwest of the town, the Black river, bear this 
ii.une. The larger was of four thousand eight hundred 
acres, and covered all tlie farming lan.l of the western 
I'.-irt, stretching the Black river into Elizalu^th- 
t<.wn. It A^as granted him in 1790, and in 180S he re- 
ceived a smaller one, of .seven hundred acres, corner- 
ing on the first and running across the river into Lewis. 
Thes,. were the latest gra-ts made of any portion of our 
soil, and Jonas Morgan was the cnly owner of one nf 
the ol■^giIialpat^^nts who settled upon th.' land lu' owned. 

v-'^' Jiisrojn' OF WL'STroh'T 

]fe was our livst manu facta rev of iion, Imilding a iox^^: 
on ]jis larger }>ateut, on the wosterii bank of tlie river, 
;it the phioe to whicli 3[eigs came half a century after- 
ward. The .snjaller patent was granted ou coudition 
that a furuaee for casting "pig iron, hollow ware am] 
stoves" should be built uj)ou it within three years, and 
we know that he built a forge, known for years a< 
"Morgan'^'s New iMji'gf^," at the place which we now call 
Ijiainard's Forge. 

SPLIT liOCK TRACT. After the best land had 
been sold oti' in patents, the reniaiuder formed tuo 
tracts, like bones left after the meat has beeu jjicked 
away. Surely th.> Split Rock Tract is bony enougli, 
all rocks and mountain tcjps and forests, with a spiink- 
liug of ii\Mi ore and rattlesnakes. Not a single highway 
maintained by the town penetrates the Split Eock 
range. One good road there is, leading in to the Hun- 
ter place and liock Har])or, but it is a private road, 
kept up the owners .)f the l)rap,,rty, and crossed by two 
gates. Trails wind through the v:dleys and along 
the mountain sides to the quarry and to the iron 
n)ine, showing what the first roads of the early settlers 
must have beeji b.doic the wildness of the forest was 

IRON Oin: TRACT. This immense tract covers a 
third of the township, stretching over the southwestern 
part <;f \V<-st[)ort, th.' southeastern part of Elizabeth- 
town an I th.> novthfun part of Moriah. It is well 
!iam.-d, for beneath its rugg.-d surface lie millions of 
i"'-^ '■•' ''••"'■ It i.-, likf the >,tori.'s of wond-'rful fairv 

iiisTom' i)F wr.srroirr 

troasuro liidilen uwav in caves in the liowds of tli.- 
earth, over whicli a spell has been cast so tlint no inoit.d 
.shall ever reach it and carry it away. And the wcnl 
which cast the spell was this, — Tif'nii/'vrons. 

There is an iuterestitio; map of the Iron Ore Trai-t, 
luade ])robahly in 1810, which now hangs in tiie vilhig.- 
library. It sliows a careful and accurate survey of 
this tnountaiuous region, a wilderness of rocks, hills, 
brooks, ponds and marshes, whose scenic value was 
small in the eyes of the first settlers in comp;trison with 
the iron mines so fondly believed in. The T)-act is di- 
vided into 234 lots, and in many cases the names of the 
[mrchasers of the lots ;ire marked upon the ])ai)er now 
so worn and yellow. Some of them are Westport 
names, like Stacy and Douglass and Hatch, but the 
most famous name upon the map is that of llach. Tliis 
means the Theophylact JJache who w.-i.s a member of 
tho Provincial Congress, the proceedings of which may 
be read iu tlie ponderous volumes of tln^ American 
Archives. He was en the C'ommitlct of Correspond- 
ence with the riatts of Ducht-ss county. Js.-iac I^ow, 
I.saac Iioosovelt and other well-known names. He, ir 
seems, dabbled in speculation in northern lands, and 
his name is well worth mentioning, if onlv for the sake 
of adding its sonorous syllables to our li>t. Surely it 
will be hard for Fame to pass entirely hy ;i township 
which can show in its earliest recoid such names a> 
Ananias, Zai)haniah, blailorus. H'zdviali, Tidinghist, 
Melaucthou and Tiieophylac-t ! 

©eftntl: I?-ii»t.. 

178B— XQ03. 

"7\ach lilt fi> srt fin (<»■(,/ c<>Ii,r iritJinnf Jj,!,,,/ hUn'l 

In till' (inter li'/hf/' 

-Dr. V».,i 7)i/h-\- Pnuin: 

///sToin' OF M'ESTi'ojrj' /^ 

The Folks I Used to Ivnow. 

I knoF lots of folks in the city, 

As pleasant as folks can be. 
And YOH can"t claim to be lonesome 

With thousands for com])aav. 
But it's true that 1 f^et homesicls. 

Once in a while, to go 
Where I can meet in the viilao-c street 

The folks 1 used to knowT 

Some thiutrs happen over aud over, 

In the ^n-iad of God's great mills, 
Like Christmas, and Sunday, and taxes, 

And disappointments, and biils. 
We've many a chance to be happv, 

And mauy to be forlorn. 
Ikit you'll have but one, oni- mother, 

And just one place to be born. 

When spring com.vs stealing northward. 

And tai)s at my oflice door, 
I think of melting ioe-caKes, 

Piled up on a rocky shore. 
And when there's a hint of winter 

in. oue or two frosty davs. 
I wish I could see old Camel's Hump 

Through an Indian Summer haze. 

For I was born in a little town 

On the shore of Lake Champlain; 
The prettiest spot on God's green earth 

That knows His sun and rain. 
Oh to see North Shore again. 

•And Bluff Points cedai-s green, 
And the sea of glass, 'neath suuset tires. 

Shin iug and still, between! 


^''^ lUSTOHY OF MlJSTJ'Oirr 

To feel iu the early niornino- 

A wind of dawn pass bv, 
And push out a boat in theVippIes. 

- Aud float away silently. 
Then u'hon the suu sbiues'over 

The hill-tops of Vermont, 
To feel that you've had your vision. 

And it's breakfast that you want. 

Last time that I went fishing, 
.On the reef in Pattison 'sbav. 

\ou oiicrht to havp seen the si.K-puuiid pike 
,, . That put himself in mv way! 

Hand over hand I pulled him in. 
And his si/.e bej.,'un to show; 

'"Hello!" says I, ''come in out of the wet' 
You "re a fish 1 used to know!" 

Partincr graveyard grasses 

To read a familiar name. 
I .said. •' 'Tis a lovely spot to sleep, 

\\ ben past earth's praise or blame " 
And thinking on the quiet dead, 

Where friends and kindred lie, 
1 prayed. --OLord, not mine the lot 

In the stranger's laud to die!" 

Kiver, the hope of heaven 

Preaehers might paint more fair, 

U thev v.ould only promise 

"Twould seem like old times there 

And I'm sure 'twill be a comfort. 
When my time has come to o'o 

^''* ^n'V'"/n'''^'r' "■'"^^^' ^" the gt.lden street. 
Ihe folks I used to know. 

II I STORY OF WKsrrol^t Jury 


Early Settleniem. 


We now come to the second part of our history, and 
that part wljicli most nearly concerns us as a peo]>le, 
the story from the first settlement to the conditions of 
our own day. We shall deal no lon^^cr with the famous 
people whose names are to be found iu histories and 
encyclopedias, but with the familiar, every day folks 
who came here and cut away the forests and cleareil 
the farms ami settled down to make the town what it 
is to-day, and whose d^\scendauts we iLaily meet upon 
our streets. This is what we really care for in a town 
history, anct it is the only thing which makes it worth 
while to write such a book. 

We can never truly undeistan.l our •)wu hi-tory with- 
out making a careful study of the story <,)f the first set- 
tlements. Who were the men who ilrst came to these 
shores for homes, with what ruling ideas, what cher- 
lislied beliefs, did they enter upon their new life here, 
and what was the old life which they had left behind ? 
To quote from au article iu a recent magazine, ''Begin- 
nings of American Literature," by George Edward 

"Everything begins iu the middle— to ada])t a wis-^ 
saying — like an epic })oem. That is the central trutli 
of human }'^'rs[)eL'tive. (Ipeu history where you will, 

166 111 STORY OF WE ST r OUT 

and tlieve are always men streaming over the mountains 
or over the sea from some liorizou, bringing v.itli tlieni 
arms and cattle, battle-songs and prayers, and an im- 
aginary world ; their best treasui'e is e\er the seed of. 
some last year's harvest." 

And wo fiml that the battle-sougs and the prayers, 
the weapons actual and ideal, brought in by onr first 
settlers were those of X<-w England directly after the 
lievolatiou — the New Enf^land not only of the Pilgrim 
Fathers but of Bunker Hill, with old England forgotten 
as a mother country, and with the Puritan church and 
the Puritan town meeting already familiar as a back- 
ground of civic life. This mainlv, but v/ith a modify- 
ing element, slender but strong, clearly discernible to 
one who knows our history by heart, of the ruling ideas 
of the dwellers along the Hudson, which were never 
those of New England in the last analysis, but were 
much niore feudal in r(.<:,''rd to social structure and much 
luore lil'Oral in religious vlogma. 

The aunals of om^ lunidred and twenty-seven years 
which follow must be given too minutely to bring out 
the etl'octs of these subtly ditlering influences, but to 
the writer every C(niMn()n[)lace name and incident has 
had a certain signitican(M^ connected \\\i\\ its known or 
imagined source, lending:; it an inner illumination whicli 
no stranger could ever be made to understand. This 
by way of ajxdogy for tlie fact, quite evident to tht- 
writer, that she will not be able to make the story of 
modern ^\'estport as interesting to other people as it 

HLSTORY or WKSrroUT lii7 

lia.s aiifiiilii!|^ly been to liersclf. And so now to our 


The first permanent settlement upon the soil of West- 
))ort was made on the lalce sliore, at Barber's Point, not 
far from the i)resent site of the liglit-lionse. The lake 
at this place is less than two niiles M-itle, and the first 
settler came from Yeroiont shore, landing on the sontli 
side of the point. He liad travelled all the way from 
Harrington, Litchfield county, Connecticut, a distance 
of over two hnndrHd miles. He must have bought liis 
land of Gilliland, as he settled upon Bessboro. \Yhy 
lie came wt^ (;annot tell. 1 in mediately after the Eevo- 
tion there was a wonderful impulse of pioneering and 
emigration which was felt all o'ser ^sew England, lead- 
ing men to forsaki:! their old homes and plunge into the 
wihlerui^ss as their fathers had done before thorn. Thi-i 
first settler canut^t have carried an elabor;ite outfit, but 
he had at least a gun and an axe, to protect him from 
wihl beasts and to make a clearing on the edge of the 
foi'cst. And to-day you may find his great-great-grand- 
children on ii part of the land that he (deared. 

This man was Major Hezekiah Barber. He was ii 
major of militia in Connecticut, and always retained 
his title. He came first in the spring or summer of 
17So, and worked at clearing the land until winter came 
on, when he went back to Connecticut. The next ye^r 
he rt'turned with his wife's broth. -r, L-ni Frisbie, an 1 


the}- woiktHl togetlier, cuttiii^^ wood all winter, liviLg in 
a bark shauty ami building a log cabin near the shore, 
of "ba^swood logs split in the middle, and laid with the 
fiat sides up." Another cabin was also built as a shel- 
ter for cattle. In the sj.ring of 1787 the young wife of 
Major Hezekiah, whose maiden name had been Hulclah 
Trisbie, came all thai long journey from Connecticut on 
liorseback, carrying her first baby in her arms, and 
took possession of the logdiouse. The household goods 
rdso came, in one load, drawn by oxen. The first crops, 
raised were put in with a "grub hoe" in tlie spaces bt- 
tween the blackened stumi)s of the clearing. Grain 
\vas carried to Middlebury, in Vermont, to be ground, 
and as only one horseback load could be carried at a 
time, the fanjily often ground their own corn in a large 
"Indian mortar" ^-liich was found somewhere near, witli 
i.n iron pcsth'. Tiicir nearest neighbors, who must 
have come soon after the P.arbers, were a family named 
Ferris, living in a log house at Coil's bay, near Eay- 
mond's old settlement. There was also the Ferris fam- 
ily directly arn;ss the lake, at Arnold's bay, who had 
settled there before the llevolutiou. 

When He/.ekiah Darbor first came, this bit of earth 
vhich we now call ^^ estj^ort was merely an unnamed 
fraction of the immense county called AYashiugton 
which covered botii sides of Lake Champlain. After 
lie had been hen- tlnve years, (that is, in 1788.) the 
county of Clintcn was formed, comprising the present 
territory of K-,>f\ .-uid Clinton counties and a part of 
Franklin. Thr .•..nuty ..oat of this large countv wa> 

iiisTonY OF wh-srroirr ihu 

Plattsburgli, and it was divided iuto four towns. Tlu- 
t'.wii ill which Barber lived was Cr(.)wn Point, uj'-asur- 
111^ about uiue iiundred square ttiiles, and eovrrin^ all 
tilt' southern part of the present Essex count}-. The 
lirst town meeting was hehl in Decendjor of 178S, at 
d'iconderoga, and if Barber, and the t\vc> or throi> other 
men who may liave been at the Point and at Raymond's 
^iilU at that time, voted at al), they v/ent jn a boat to 
'J'i to do it. The election way held in ilie "old King's 
.■>torc," a quaint, low-roofed stone buikling o\\ the s]n_"^rt^ 
of the lake, which hud been erected bv the Trench in 
1755, when they built Fort Carillon; At the time of 
the town meeting this buildiijg was occu[)ied by Judge 
Charles Hay, a brother of that Col. Udney Hay whoi-e 
allidavit we have seen in regard to the Ilaymoijd settle- 

"Whei! Barber had been here ten years (179.")) the 
.'lumber of voters in the wh(de gre-d county of Clin- 
ton was only six hundred ami twenty-four. When lu 
]jad been here thirteen years, enough settlers had conu' 
in to justify the formation of thetownof Elizabethtown, 
^•onijnising the present townships of Elizabethtown and 
Wfstport. The first town meeting was held April i), 
17113, "at the duelling house of David Callender," wliicli 
])robably stood somewhere west (»f the I'dack rivei. 
That Hezekiiih Barber went to this town meeting we 
iiiay safeh' infer from the fact that he was elected to 
three otBces. Th-e list of town officers is as follows : 

Supervisor, Ebenezer A?nold ; clerk, Sylvan us Lob- 
Jell ; us^^essors, J:icol> SoutLiwe)], David Callender, 

170 uisTOHY OF Mi-:srr()irr 

Nurmaii Xewell ; overscer-s of the pooi', .Jonuthari Bitck- 
inridge, Hozekiab Barber ; coustablo aud ct>lleetor, 
Nathaii Lewis ; constable, Thomas Hinckley ; school 
commissioners, E. Xywell, William Kellogg, Hezckiah 
Barber ; overseers of highways, (luunbeved from one to 
ten,) John S;inty, X. Hinckley, John Potter, S. Lob- 
dell, Joseph Duraud, Simeon Durand, Jacob Seture, 
Joseph Bangbnrn, E. Xewcll, Stephen Eldridge. Fence 
Viewers, Hezekiab Barber, Elijah Bishop, Elijah Bich. 

No doubt the town oilices were distributed imparti- 
ally to all piirts of the township, and this list })robably 
includes eveiy man tit to hold office in its whole area. 
AVe may imagine this first town meeting as bearing a 
general resemblance to the one first held in the immor- 
tal town of Dan% is, as reported by Bowland E. Bobiu- 
son, in the words of the veteran ranger, Gran'ther Hill. 

"Not over twenty on us. all told ; au' we hel' it in a 
log barn 'at stooil t'other side the river, on Moses Beii- 
ham's pitchy an' we sot raoaud on the log mangers, an/ 
the dark writ on the head of a potash berril. We 
hodn't no sech tix-ui'i^ances as these 'ere," poniidiug 
the seat with his fist ; "an' as fur that 'ere," punching 
the stove with his cane, ''we jest stomped raound t«> 
keep warm, an' ditlu't fiwl away much time no louger'n 
we was 'bleegeil ti^." 

For the lu-xt two years, 1700 and 1800, the super- 
vis(M' was "E. Newell," iprol-ably Ebenezer). In ISQi it 
was Elijah Bi^iiop, in 1802 Charles Goodrich, aud froni 
180:^ to ISiK'i it was none other than our friend Heze- 
Jv.iai;. 'I'liU-- W'.- >e-.' tliat he attained the crowning am- 

msroin' of WKsrpoirr ni 

! i:i.»ii of eveiT good American cltizcu—tbat of hoiu^^ 
. supervisor of his oww towu,— and tliat he hehl 
•Im- onice threft years. In 1799 Essex county had boeu 
f.'vuied, with the county seat at Kssex, and so uiieu e in council with the other supervisors iu the county, 
hv \\ flit to Essex, • an<l it is luore Ihaii likelv tliat \w 
w.-nded his way thither in a boat, perhaps iu liis 
"•.vn ferry boat, wldcli furnished him a f^ood incotue car- 
rying,' passengers and freiglit across the lake. Hu lived 
tive years after his jast term as supervisor, dving iu 
l^U), and he vv-as buried at the Point, only a feu- steps 
li-'U) the place where he landed twenty-five years be- 
tf'ie. Iu that twenty -five years he had seen a great 
*-li;inge come over the face of the country, from utter 
^^l!dness and desolation to a fair degree of eixilization. 
At the time of his death the centre of population for the 
>liureof the town was at Barber's Point, the settlement 
■■'. Coil's Mills being then larger than that at Northwest 
J!;ty. The first steamer on the Jake, (and the second 
ill the world.) had been bnilt two years before he died, 
'■iiid made a regular landing at the Point, but jjone at 
thf Bay.* 

•Hc/.ekiah Barber had si.v children, and ns they all married and seUUd here. th« 
i iriuly record in it:.e!f, if given in fuji, would rnaks a chapter of town history. The 
■'l-irst.Jcrusbi, married Alexander Younjf, who settJcd on the north sJiore of 
^ o :nic's bav, and buiila house where .Mr. Ben Wormm's farm houv; no-.v stands. 
r>i:s hjuse was burnej. and rebuilt by Andrew Fnsbie, son of Levi Alexander 
Vounsr had a ship-y.ird in the bay, ;ind the ruina of his wharf may stili be seen. 

J SaUy iu;irried Gideon Hanimond, sou oi Xathan, and lived on thebiick road, 
■•» here Ruih Howard rvow lives. 

J. nezekiah K.arried Maria, daufrhtcr of Til! n^liabt Cole, v.ho Uvcd on the. 
i-i'«.f road, on the place now occupied by his jfrznd>on. llepry Merrill. One 
.'<'■: vrbiM-o.nvved Major Ho -ekj.ih after).:^ .^, siiU !i^e,ona oart 

J 72 JUS TO in' OF WKSTJ'U/rr 

In followiug the life of our first settler, -we now tju.l 
ourselves years ahead of the story of all Westport, but 
our steps are easily retraced. 

Another very early settlor upon the lake shore was 
•James King, at Book Harbor. He is described as "an 
English lu^ister sailor," and so must have known the 
smell of salt water, but he was content to nso his skill 
upon tiiese tidoless waters iu sailiiig tlie ferry boat 
which plied from shore to shore between Basin Har- 
bor and Ixock Harbor. 

The ferries were an important factor iu the develop- 
ment of this regiou. They were to early Westport 
what a railroad is to a new western town. The ferry at 
Barber's Point, this one at Iiock. Harbor and one es- 
tablished by McNeil, running from Charlotte to Essex, 
were all opened at nearly the same time, and accom- 
modated a rapid stream of travel flowiug from New 
England into Essex corinty. Before the ferries ran, em- 
igrants uore ol)liged to trust to the chances of hiring 
boats wlien they reached the lake shore, unless tlu-y 
came with their own bateaux, like Gilliland, whieli was 
too expensive for the ordinary traveller. 

oj the origin.!' Biijber proptTtv. Another, Mrs. Harriet Shcklon, has been of 
j;rcal assistance in preparing the sketch of Barber's Point. 

4. ALinion married Harriet Hasketl, anil his daughter Maria married Ruel 
Arnold. They lived in the brick house on the middle road now owned by the 
Westi)ort Katms. 

J. RhotU married John Chan.lJer. 

I".. Harriet i;:arricd iwicr. >ler first husband was Amos Hokoinb, and her 
daukfhlir Huldah taught school in what was perhaps the first school house in town, 
on thr south iuie of the road to the ferry. Her second husband was Asahel Ha.- 
\en», the ferrvir^n, who lived near the .ste.iuib^at v/harf at Northwest B-ny. 

lusTORY OF wsirrmirr ir.i 

Watson says, in bis history of the county, "Li 179i>, 
rhitt Rogers cstaV)lishe(l a ferry from Basiu Harbor, 
aiul constructed a road from tlie jandiiig to a point neai 
Split Rock, where it connectj:'d with the road made in 
an early period of the settlement. He erected, in tlie 
same season, a bridge over the Roquet, at "\A'ill.sboru 
falls, and constructed a road from tliat place t(» Peru, 
in Clinton county. These services were remunerated 
I'y the state, through an ai)propriation to Rogers and 
his associates, of a large tract from the public lauds." 
Rogers also built the first bridge over the Ausalde river, 
at the Chasm. 

James Ring remained at Rock Harbor only a few- 
years. His wife's maiden name was Surah Black. In 
1791 their second daughter was born at Rock Harbor 
und named Sarah after her mother. Two years after 
this the family moved to Brookfield, in Essex, and there 
King died. The daughter born in Westp<.)rt grew 
np to marry one of the Essex Staltbrds, and not 
quite a hundred years after she was born at liock Har- 
bor her grandson came to Westport to settle in the 
jtlace as a physician, — Dr. Frank T. DeLauo. He has 
told me that his grandmother was accustomed to relate 
the fact that of her having been born at Rock Harbor, 
and he has an impression that James Ring Cvime to the 
place several \ears before that event, so that we have 
proof of his having been one of the earliest settlers, 
though probably not earlier than Hezekiah Barber. 

Sometime between 1701 and 1798 ca.meDaniel Wright, 
from (liJbUni, N. H., with his fauiilv and his wurldlv 

174 JIIS'IOUY OF wKsri'nirr 

goods. After crossing t]jo Connecticut river Le must 
have followed the road aci-oss Vermont which was fust 
opened by Sir Jo(l>ry Amherst, the summer of 17;V.> 
from Chimney Point to the Connecticut. Wright prob- 
ably came along the lake shore to Easiu Harbor and 
thel-G took the ferry to Eock Harbor and then toiled 
over the "Bildad road" across the Split Eock range. "•• 

At last he c.-ur.e to the farm lie had chosen, as stony 
and rough as the uplands of New Hampshire which he 
liad left, on the western slo[>e of the mountains, over- 
looking tlie fertile valley of the Boquet, with the level 
clearings of Essex and AA'illsboro in the distance, and 
the Green mountains beyond the glimpse of the lake. 
Here ho settled and cleared the laud, which remained 
in the family to the time of his grandchildren. It is 
now occupied by Mrs. Elbridge Lawrence. 

Daniel Wright is a fiue example of the early settlers 
of Essex county. Ho and his wife came first from 
Connecticut, like Ih.- lloleombs, the Frisbies, the Bar- 
bers and tlie Lovolar.d^. He was born in T^ebauon, 
Conn., in 17.37, and his wife. Patience Bill, was born in. 
Hebron in tiio same year. They moved to Gilsum, X. 
H., and there he served three 3-ears in the Continental 
Line. He fought at the battle of Bunker Hill, served 
eight ujonths in 177.!> in the regiment of the famous Col- 
John Stark, (who Inul .seen our shores as one of Roarers" 

•rhli was rlx ufartsl way, but it would seem that it mit;!'.t have been easier to 
coi:ie by wuv ot Kssex. It is .lUvays interesting to tr.Ace th.; route followed by the 
IJionecrs when they rirst pvn^tr;ited into 1his trackless region. In the winter of 
i7gj Sli.^htn Ktcsc cj.Mc from Columbia county to Peru, (north of Bessboro] ot!> 
The ire, a',.'', took,t.pj;.: o£ the le- (.1 hl;<hwiy of the irozcn lake. 

nisT(>RY or M'KSTrnirr i7.~, 

lUiU'^evs hi the "old Freuch war,") all the year 177r> 
iiiiJor Col. Sanuiel Ilecd, aud iu June of 1777 his uuqu- 
appears iu a New Hampshire regimeut which was sent 
•*to reiDforce tlie Contiueutal Army at Ticoiidero^a." 
Tliis was wheu Burgoyue's army was advauciui; up 
Lake Cbamplaiu, sending out the proclamation \\ hieh 
sfi aroused the country. On the 5th of July St. Clair 
.-vacuated Ticonderoga, and fled to the south, pursued 
l>y Burgoyne. Thus Daniel Wright was iu this Meeing 
army, and also, it is probable, saw another turn iu the 
fortunes of war in the surrender of Burgoyne at Sara- 

He came into "Westport a man about forty years of 
age, with an honorable record of military service and 
the rank of Lieutenant. On March 25, 1802, lie was com- 
missioned 2nd Major "of a regiment of militi;i of the 
<-ounty of Essex, whereof Joseph Sheldon, Esq., is 
Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant," by Gov. George 
Clinton. In 1806 he was made 1st Major of his regi- 
uient, aud in 1807 Lt.-Col. Commandant. In 1811 he 
Mas raised to tlie high raidi of Brigadier General of 
3Iilitia'in the Counties of Essex, Clinton and Franklin, 
and held this responsilde ])Ositiou throughout the war 
of 1812, where we shall meet him aaaiu." 

*General Wright was accompanied to We-tport by but one child, his duughter 
jcrusha, u-ho was born July 17, 17SS, and married De£. 22, 1795, to Kli,is Slurtevant, 
)rn at Plymouth, Mass , June 4, i7fS^, s'ln of CorneliuB and Sarali (Bosworth) 
Sturtevant. They had seven chi;dren, all born, I think, 111 Westp^rt 

I. Daniel Wrijfht Sturlcvant, born ij.S, waa a physician, and practiced some 
years in Westport and in Essex ; afterward went west, and died in Galesburp, Hi. 

I UarriL-t, late 10 life, betan?e Ibe third wife of Dr. DiaJorus Holcomb, Nc 


At tlio saniG tiino with the settlements cilong the Like 
shore, pioue* rs ^vol•e eomiug iu to the valleys of tiie lio- 
quet aud the Black. The strip of laud called Pleasant 
Yalle}', aloug the former river, was granted Piatt Pogers 
from the state on condition of its being irnmediatelv 
settled, and every efibrt was made to induce reliable 
men to come in, fathers of families if passible, sober, in- 
dustrious, likely to remain and to pay for their faruis. 
On this account tlie sale or grant of large portions of 
public lands to one man, or to a land compan}- whose 
prosperity depended upon the revenue derived from the 
payment of settlers for their farms, was a real advan- 
tage to anew eouutr}-. Nothing could bring alx)ut so 
bad a condition of things as laud free to any squatter, 
who felt no obligation to improve his farm, and who 
might be dispossessed at any rooment bj* a second 
comer who had a stronger arm or was a better shot 
than he. I tind no traces of a squatter-and-lynch-lav.- 
pericKl iu the tirst setllument of EHzabethtown aud 
Westport. Men came in from the older colonics, 

3. George VV., always known as "Deacon Sturtevant," from his long tenure oS 
that office in tiie Conijre»fation;il church at Wadhains. He married Clonnd.i 
Phelps, and had three chlKlren. Elinund, (lived in Vineland, N.J.,) Ci-irrie .Maria' 
aud Harriet, who marrieil Dr. P..ase, a missionary to Micronesia. 

4. Sophjonia, untnariLtd. 

5. John Sturtevant also bore the title of Deacon for many years, fillin;^ that office 
in a Congregation il church in G isport, N'. Y. He married .Mary Royce, daug^htcr 
of William and .\nna Ulo.-iryJ Royce, a^xl had seven children, Daniel Writjh:, 
Henry Kuc. (.Mrs. Granville CUrk), Mary, Williim Royce, Gesr^je W. an 1 
Alice Linda (Mrs Webster Koyce). The cnly dsscendants of General Wri-hc 
now livir.K in Es-,ex County are William K. Sturtevant and .Mrs. Webster Royce. 

6. Elmira iT--irned .Mr. .Marshall. 

7. .M.irii ■ii.irriud EJiiiJiid D.ty. and b,iA three, children, Chirle^, He.len a.-.". 

ji/SToin' or ]v/:sTPoirr jtt 

l»ouglit laii<l, built homes, aud set tliemselves to ubiJe 
by laws which they took prido in inakinc;'. Town 
otFicors were elected at the earliest possible op)Doi-- 
timit}', and among them were three men whose dutv 
it was to attend to schools for the children. This 
shows in it-self tiio character of t)ie new township, ami 
it is plain that it would naturally attract to itself only 
law-abiding citizens. 

The common route for settlers from the south was 
by the valleys of the vSchroou and the Boqnet. In this 
way came many from Dutchess county, like Joseph 
Jenks, who settled first at Pleasant Yalley,and afterward 
moved to Northwest Day. The water power of the 
swift flowing Black river was a great attraction, and a 
rude little saw mill, wdiere the logs from the clearings 
ould be cut up, was a very desirable neighbor. Partly 
on this account the highlands of the back p;irt of the 
town came to be settled very early. Auotlier reason was 
the character of the soil. It is well-known that the 
first settlers, as a rule, sought the high, sandy lands in 
preference to the clay of the low lands on the lake shore. 
The light loam was much more easily worked, and for 
a number of years would be more productive than the 
heavier soil. The water supply was sure to be good, 
among the mountain springs, and it was always a wise 
])rocaution to avoid the malaria of low-lying marshes. 
In those days there was far more moisture in the soil 
everywhere than there is now, since the country has 
been stripped of its forests. Another thing that might 
well be Considered in the vears close followinL;- the licv- 



olution was the fact that the setth-^r's cabin was safer 
from enemies, red or white, if it were hiddeu deep in 
the forest, that it could ho if built upon the lake shore, 
ID sight of passing war parties or scouts. This idea 
was suggested by the historian Francis Parkman in a 
conversation with Mrs. F. L. Lee upon tliis subject a 
r.uinber of years ago. The substance of the conversa- 
tion was giv^n. to tlie writer by Mrs. Lee, and tlie clear- 
ness of Mr. Parkman's insight will be fully perceived 
when it is remembered how the defeat of St. Clair in 
Ohio in 1791 sent a shudder of fear through the heart 
of every frontiersman, lest the western Indians should 
combine with the Six Nations, and the scenes on the 
older frontiers be repeated in the Champlain valley. 

Thus we have at the end of the eighteenth century a 
distinct advance from the stretch of primeval forest 
threaded by Pobert Eogcrs and his men in the "old 
French war." Xow there are mills and clearings, the 
wood-chopper's axe scarcely ever sounding beyond the 
reach of human ear, log cabins among the' stumps 
crops of corn and ]>otatoes harvested every year, and a 
few domestic animals, shielded with great ingenuity 
and patienco from the wihl animals who still roam thr 
woods. Honies and children, and a promise of schools 
-all this with new settlers coming in from the south 
or the east m a steady stream. It seems to me a 
good time to have lived in Westport, in spite of the I(Kr- 
houses and the wolves. Any one who has ever felt tlu- 
charm of caujpingout, or who has experienced the un- 
>hakablc bl... ..f setting up housekeeping for the tir.t 


tiine, cfin appreciate the keen flavor that there must 
have been in these early days. 

Besides \.\\^. signs of human life and occu|)atiou which 
were beginniug to cliaDge the face of the land, a new 
era could be plainly read in the life upon the water. 
The Indian bark canoe, the whale boats of the Rangers, 
the bateaux of Montcalm and Amherst, then Arnold's 
sturdy fighting craft, with the gallant //?/A;.c//y't' and her 
sister ships riding triumphant, ruling all the lake, fol- 
lowed by the martial splendor of the fleet of Burgoyne, 
led by the twenty-four-gun lionnl Georrjc, all these, and 
many a keel uuraentioned in any record, had floated in 
the waters of our bay. Now nothing but the humble 
ferry-boat, making its way from shore to shore with 
freight of household goods, or tlie heavy scow of 
some fisherman catching his dinner of fish, was seen. 
This is not nearly so interesting to read about as the 
stories of more stormy times, but it was a vast deal 
more comfortal^le for the people who lived liore. Bar- 
ber at the Point and Iling at Rock Harbor saw each 
other's sails swing and fill in the same wind, or flap idlv 
against the mast in a maddening calm. Further down 
the lake another sail, that of McNeil, ferrying from 
Charlotte to Essex, might be discerned, and the pirogue 
of the proprietors of the colony upon the Saranac made 
its trips to the ore bed and back again, carrying ore to 
snpply the forge which was the pride of the Saranac, 
and then carrying to the south the iron which brought 
the owners a hundred dollars a ton. The ore bed was 
tJie one which wu now cdl "the CJofl' bed." Bhilij.. 


Skene first owned it, and at the time of which we now 
write it was called, on that account, "Skene's ore bed," 
though it had belonged to the state since the confisca- 
tion of Skene's property.* It was also often called the 
"Crown Point bed," and it lies upon territory which 
belonged to, the town of Westport until 1819. 

The "piropjue" of the Plattsburgh proprietors was 
the same khid of vessel c;dled in Cooper's novel, the 
"Water Witch," a "periagua," and thus described : 

"The periagua, as the craft was called, partook of a 
European and an American character. It possessed 
the length, narrowness, and clean bow of the canoe, 
from which its name was derived, with the flat bottom 
and lee-boards of a boat constructed for the shallow 
waters of the Low Countries. Twenty years ago 
(Cooper was writiug in 1830) vessels of this description 
abounded in our rivers, and even now their two long 
and unsupported masts, and high, narrow lieaded sail. 
are daily seen bending like reeds to the breeze, and 
dancing lightly over the billows of the bay. 

♦Philip Skene had a forge at his colony of Skenesborough, at the head of Lake 
Chaniplain, and I do not know where he got the iron ore with which to supply it 
unless he brought it from his own ore bed near Crown Point. The ore was easily 
obtained from outcrv">piiin<i ledgres, near the water's edg^e, and its transportation in 
bjats was no great problem. If this conjecture has any foundation In truth, the 
P!attsbur;{h company were not the first miners here. 

In connection with this subject Mr. WinslowC. Watson made a slight mistake 
somethiDij very unusual in his careful and conscienUous work. On page 439 of 
his History of Ksser County he quotes from a letter "of the late Levi Hi^bv, of 
WilUboro," as fallows: "A bed at Basin Harbor, owned by Piatt Rogers, was the 
only deposit of iron ore which at that period (iSoi) had been developed in the whole 
region. " A little rcrlertion upon the gcolojirical formation of the Vermont lit- 
toral will show tJ-at it is no place tc loiik for deposits of iron ore, and a visit to 


"There is a variety of the class of a size and preteu- 
sion altoj^ether superior to that just mentioned, which 
deserves a place among the most picturesque and strik- 
ing boats tliat float. He who has had occasion to nav- 
igate the southern shore of the Sound must liave often 
seen the vessel to wliieh we alhide. It is distin- 
guished b}-' its great length, and masts which 
naked of corda-e, vise from the ]iu]| like two tall and 
faultless tree.. When the eyes runs over the daring 
height of the canvas, the noble confidence of the rig° 
^ and sees the comparatively vast machine handled with 
ease and grace by the dexterity of two fearless and ex- 
pert mariners, it excites some such admiration as that 
which springs from the view of a severe temple of an- 
tiquity. The nakedness and simplicity of the con- 
struction, coupled with the boldness and rapidity of its 
movements, impart to the craft an air of grandeur that 
Its ordinary uses would not give reason to expect " 

Later we find that th6"periagua" of Cooper's descrip- 
tion iiad a lialf-dcck, and so no doubt did the vessel be- 
longing to the "twelve patriarchs." It was this boat 
which carried most of the passengers to and from Platts- 
burgh, and upo n her deck might have been met, at dif- 

B^in Harbor wUl soon convince any oa.^hat there is not and never could have 
been an TOO .nine in that vicinity. But the mistake came about in a v.ry natural 
way. Plat: Rogers lived at Basin Harbor, a.nd owned and worked the ore bed on 
i-l^enes grant, across the lake and a few miles iurther south. Mr. H.^ibv who 
wa, engaged in the tirst iron manufacturing enterprise of Essex county, knew per. 
fectly whence ca.,e the ore from which he made anchors in WilUhoro, but his let- 
ter was wruten after a long lapse of years, and he must hive been momentarily 
confused between rhe JwelUng place of Piatt Rogers and the location of h.s ore 



fereiit times, many vory interesting people.- There 
Aveie the Plaits. Colonel Zephaniah, the most distin^ 
guished of tliem all, and Captain Nathaniel, and Jud-e 
diaries, who was the first comer, and who named the 
town of riattsburgh, and from whose letters to his 
brother Zepl^aniah so many bits descriptive of the lake 
country may be gathered. He notes that the lake froze 
over January IG in 1780, and that the snow was thirty- 
two inches deep. Writing afterward about himself he 
says, ''At the close of the war I had purchased a few 
class rights of the soldiers, and having collected a little 
something, set out for the woods, and after viewing 
several places, 1 sat down on the west side of Lake 
Champlain, an entirely new countrv and wilderness 
and called the town Platt.burgh." It was this man's' 
son, Charles C. Piatt, who was afterward to marry the 
daughter of our Elizabeth, Eliza Koss. But that is 
looking years ahead, when the periagua was a worn- 
out hulk. When she was still in her prime, she must 
have earned ol'ton tJie man who came closer than any 
other to our history in the years before the Kevolution. 
His face was «'>^^^l^_than^ when he looked from the 

able the UWr, a, the or. bed were often slaves. In the census of .Scathe 
populauonof Essex anj Clinton countI,-5Tv=,<: a--,, ; M ^ o , " '"^ ^"'^ 

^ '°" ""'^t^r;s^^ as So7->. including- 5S slaves. A ma- 

jomy of the s.aves probably at Plattsburgh.upon the Piatt esUte. as the fan.- 
..)■ are ...J to have brought forty slaves to RichUnds. It is not believed that a 
.lave was ever ow.ed upon the so.l U Wostport. Piatt Ro,.ers brought h;s slaves 
w.U,h.„. from Datchos, county to B,sin Harbor, but they were set f,ee by the 
A..ofCongres.v..h.chad„.utc.dVer„>onta,afree.Ute in ,791. Two of 'these 
saves Pr,....s.tonn and. VUly his w.f, spent the retnaindc: of their 1 v 
lU.n M.b,., f..,:hf... a...d beloved friends of the fa.ily. and descendants of U.eir 

niSTonr of wKsrroirr i^-v 

deck of the Jf>i>,tjtihionr/e upon those fair and noodeel 
shores, with wife and child beside him, nnd it was but 
a wandering and meUmcholy gaze which he now di- 
rected toward Bessboro. The man who had j^erhaps 
sailed into North west Bay in the schooner of Major 
Philip Skene,, and there stood by his side listtuing to. 
tiie unfolding of plans which should make this coast 
part of a nrjble principality, dependent only uj)on His- 
Majesty King George, now sat in weary despondency,, 
hardly realizing the truth, that the Charaplain valley 
now looked to now masters for the shaping of its des- 

VTillian Gilliland had left "Willsboro in the wake of 
the army retreating from Canada, in the summer of 
1776. He had been imprisoned in Albany upon 
a charge of treason, which seems to have been 
entirely unfounded, and was kept for years in the 
debtors' prison of Xev.- York. The buildirigs of tlm 
settlement at Milltown were destroyed during the 
course of the Iiovolution, chiefly, it is said» 
by refugees fleeing f)-om the battle of Saratoga, and 
were never rebuilt by Giliiland. From the moment 
that he was driven from ^^'illsboro with his helpless 
family, "unmerciful disaster followed fast and followed 
faster" upon his footsteps. The titles to his large pos- 
sessions in land liad been received from the king, and 
in many cases the colonial government refused to recog- 
nize them. Til us deprived of his lanU, his chief source 
of revenue, he was unable to pay his debts, and found 
iiiuis.lf in evil ca.-,e. Many of his letters, written dur- 



iug Ms iu.p,.i.,o„„,e.t. ],avo been pveserved, .„., ,et 

feriDg 0„t "proposal" to liis creditors, given in Wat 
sou s '■Pioneers of the Champlain Valley," is addressed 
o t.0 n, eresfng names as opposing counsel-Brod. 
hoist Llvingslon and Aaron turr. 

Iiiires hi.-, daughter Kli.abeth, after whom ho had 
.amedBessboro,u.arried Daniel Koss. If she wt' 

bo o «a, first surveyed, she was twenty-one at th. tin.e 
of her raarr,age. Daniel Eoss had come from D to " . 
ounty to settle in Essex, and in Essex the remainc 
of th ,r hves was spent. Thus the descendants of our 
LI .abeth were the Bosses of Essex, a fan,ily remark- 
ftble lu many ways. 

Keleasedfrom-tl,e debtors- prison in 1791, Gilliland 
eturned to Lake Champlain to spend his last davs with 
1..S daughter Elizabeth. And now the fact was"rec 
u,.edt,.ath,s mind, once so strong and commandins 
>as hopele.s!y aflee.ed. Lnprisonment, losses and 
"ftermg, ,njns.„.e and hope deferred, had wrou^d, 
he„. work upon h„n. He wandered about the tiJd 
«nd woods of Essex and Willsboro, fancvin- himse f 
Wk.ntheearlydaysofits settlement, ;„d'\ec:;i:" 

si^ t::;::v:r;;:';;o:::'^r."r'""'^*'^"'^"^''^ 

. , ^ ^^^ ^^ judgment m certain 

,.raet.eal and he >vas often consulted in re^'d 
o loeat.ons, ami early surveys and boundaries" 
h . way he was often of the greatest service to the 
'■""1 -"1-y fo.-d f„r ,),. p„,,,,,,,,. „„^, ^^^^j^ 

11 1ST (> in' OF wKS'rrojrr iso 

lands in Nortlieru New York, Avbost-. adiuiiiistrativn 
li.'ad ill tliis region was Plati Tiogers. Mi' luggers 
tliouglit liiglilj of Mr. Gilliland, knowing tiie liistorv of 
Ids labor and his misfortunes, and often asked Ins ud- 
vicf. One day, about the first of February, 171)0, Mr. 
("lilliland visited Mr. Rogers, going on foot across the 
fiozen lake, as was his habit. There was doubtless a 
well-beaten track from Essex to Basin Harbor, as all 
travel invariably took to the level Hoor of the lake as soon 
as it was frozen sutticiently to bear the weight of a man, 
and this was the safest and most direct route that could 
l)f taken. The distance is perhaps ten miles. Mr. Gil- 
liland made his visit to ^Iv. Rogers and set out on his 
return, but was never again seen alive after he jvassed 
out of sight of the windows of the house at Bain Har- 
bitr. He must have lost his way u])on the iee and 
turned of^' upon the shore too socuj, wandering about in 
the m(.)untaius sunth of Essex until he sank an<i per- 
i^^hed from cold and exhaustion. ^Vhen his b<jdy was 
discovered, several days later, it was mournfully evi- 
<lent vvhat a brave straggle he had made for life. After 
liis streiigth had failed him so that lie was unable to 
walk, he had dragged himself aJoug until the fiesh was 
worn from his hands and knees. And it was upon 
Westjiort soil that he breathed his last, somewhere near 
t\ie northern base of Coon mountain. 

So died William Gilliland, the first colonizer of 
AVillsboro, Essex and Westport. Piatt Rogers died 
iwo years afterward, at I'lattsburgh, and was l>uried at 
j-ix-^jn llurboi', in th.-^' burial j'lot siJU own-id by his 


tles(^eiKlants (jf tlie fonrtli geiieriition. With the dt^atlj 
of these two rneu, and the end of the century, the first 
period of settlemeut, that of takiug up laud, may be 
said to liave ended. • .1 ' . 

1800-3 83 5. 

At the beginning of the nineteenth century the town- 
ship Avas dotted with clearings. Settlement had begun 
at three points on the lake shore, determined by the 
mill site at the mouth of l^a3nnonirs brook, and the de- 
u^and for ferriage at Barber's Point and Rock Harbor. 
Nest the high sandy land in the northwest was bought 
for farming, and rapidly cleared and cultivated. Then 
settlement began at the head of the bay, at what exact 
date we cannot t<''l], but there is no sign of an}- house 
there before tlie opening of the century. Economic 
force overcame the instinctive preference of the pioneer 
for the highest land he could cultivate, and led to the 
clustering of houses where the principal village novi- 
stands. At this }>laci,' was water power for a saw mill 
aiid a grist luili, an.d there was eager demand for the 
products of l^Hh. A steady current of emigration 
■was setting in from the east into Essex county, an. I 
for a large sharr of it this was the most convenient 
jmiut of entrance. Many early settlers at Pleasant 
Valley, K.'ene and Juy, coming from New England, 
wished that th.- f.-rry should set th^Mu ashore in the 
bav, and >j"a ihc -:.'il from liasin Hurltor cameofteue.v 

' Jiisrom' OF WKsrroirr j^t 

h.if tlKiii to Ilock Hjiilu.r. Tliis cieutca a (U-inan.l Un 
;'ii ifj!:, fur tlie shelter of tired travelorKaiul tlieir lif;ast.s. 
Ill tlu' very first years of tlu; century the iiule little 
fi)r,L;es on tlie lioquet and the IJlacl; sr^uglit a port for 
tlie shipping of their bar iron, and this porfc was evi- 
dently at Nortliwcst Bay. These conditions led the 
i>\s uors of the land to lay out the plan of a villa-e, witli 
streets alou;^ which lots were soon sold. 

The owners of tlie land at this time were Ananias and 
Phitt ].logers,sonsof Piatt Rogers, who had died in 1798, 
atid his 6on-in-hiw, John Halstead. All the land owned 
iiy Piatt Piogers, Senior, in "Westport, seems to have 
fallen into the hainls of these three men, but tlu^ only 
one who settled here for life was Jcdm Tlnlstead, with 
his wife, Phebe Rogers Halstead. Lot Xo. 10, (Me- 
laneton Smith's 6i: the n;a|) of Skene's Patent,) seems 
ti' lia\e belonged to Anardas and I'latt Rrigers, Jj-., and 
Xo. If), (Zephaniah .Piatt's on the map,) to John Hal- 
>tead, while Edward Cole bought ujton Xo. ] 1, fXa- 
thaniel Piatt's). 

The village was laid out and a map of it drawn b\- 
Ananias Rogers,--" dated May 23, 1800. There were 
thirty-four lois and three streets, Washington, Liberty 

* This rcm.irliiibJe name is enoutjh is itsc-lf to prove I'uritan lineaire, with its :ic- 
CQinpunying; lack of a sense of humor. It is to be feired that the preseiK genera- 
tion, with its jokes about the "Ananias corner," and other tlippancies, will need to 
'.le remin'ieo tiiat there arc in the New Testan^enl two mtn of this same name. The 
hiM^ A.nania.s lived in Jariisaleu'., but there was mother in who is thus 
described : "And one Ananias, a devout man accerdin^ to the law, having a tjood 
report of all the Jews which dwelt thtre." Acts 22:1a. The i^ an who first !-ur- 
M'Ved our villaee streets \v,is n:\iTicd after hi- t:r;ir..,ir:jther, nnd lii^ grrindf .lUirr 
r."as nai'icd aft-r An:in;ii tti Dama-jCjs. 

jss nisTO/n' or wKSTPOirr 

Hiul W;it.n-, the liisfc belli-- .evidently intpjulea for tn- 
)iriuci|):il stve<'t. It ran v. t'stu;U'>l uj) tlu^ liill fi'om tin 
lake, auil at the foot of it was the ref;-ular laudijig for 
the ft'iry, as tlieline stoarnor stops at the foot of it now 
every suinuior day. Liberty Street lay parallel tr> 
Washingt^ni and soutli of it, vnuiiiiiL;- also to the lake. 
This street was not actually opened until ISoT, and to 
tills day juiis only so far oast as to Main Street. Tlie 
third street was "Water Street, rnuniug liortli and south 
along the lake shore, and intersectinf; Wasliiugton and 
Liberty. The only part of it no\s in use as a street is 
the road leading from the wharf to the "old stone n>!ll." 
The cluster of old buildings removed when the land 
was bought by the AVestport Inn was su[)posed to stand 
upon the aneiont Wattr Street. 

The description aeeom]iauying the- map speaks of 
"Was,liingt(nj street, sevt;nty-tive links wide, and Lib- 
«n'ty street, each sixty-tw(j and a half links wide, all 
which lots and ^-Irei-ts lie in range with and parallel to 
the sides and ends of the dwelling house that is now 
building on the Uiirthwest corner of Lot Xo. 1." 

This house, the angl.'s of which oriented the streets 
of the villagi.', stood ujion the same h>t niuv occupied 
by the Westport Inn, close upon the northwest cornei-. 
It was built !)}• .John llal>tead and occupied by him 
until his d.'ath in lSl-1, and after that by two genera- 
tions of his (bscend.mts. It has been described to me 
as "a lo^v r..d honsi;,"' uith the front door divided hori- 
zontally in the middle, after the old Dutch custom, 
f.imiliMr to ,f..!:n U;U'"ad and ids wife in their. rest- 

i/iSTf)/:y OF wsirrriHrr jso 

ilmc-e iunou-- tlic DtiU-li f-ettlors alo'.i.^ tlu- ITn^lseii. 
This liall'-door opi'iird upon .lu "ontiy," uoith of wliii-li 
was ii large room usod as a bar-room .••s lonj;- as tin- 
house was used as a tavern. This was for some years 
the largest room in the village, and tho common 
place of public assembly. Tiif itiiitraut |)re;ielurs 
who visited were wont to gather their andi- 
encfS in this room, and in the long winter e\enin"s thu 
frequeiit and informal meetings of the mens' club (a 
term uever yet heaitl in that day) were liehl here. 
Ileiiry Holcomb went in and out of tjje honse as al^ov, 
and has told me liou- it looked to him, and how a row 
of horse sheds st(»od across the road, v/ith a watering 
trough for the use of travellers. He has told me, t<Mj., 
how he robbed John Haktead's cherry trees o" nights, 
ill the orchard back of the house, and I herebv render 
to him full title to all the fruit he took, wishing that all 
my aiu-e.^tral cherries could bring me in as rich ivturns 
iis tile fan of hearing him tell al.iout it. 

This was the first ii-wnt: house in the vi!I;igr, thongh 
there were two or three log houses thert- before it. Tlu- 
ilesceudants of its builder moved it a little wav to the 
.>outh, to the present site of the Westpt)rt Inn, and rt- 
inodeled it almost entirely. For several yeai-s a part of 
itsori.L;iual walls formed the middle division of tht- Inn, 
Init iu ISOS the last one of the solid old tiuilurs Mas 
removed, and now -'the old Halstead lunise" is gone 
from the face of the earth. Stiangc, strange to handh^ 
>'hj.s old luaj) and think lu.nv it- frailtv has de«}jed de- 

mo iiiSToRV OF WKSTPOirr 

structioli so much nioro si'cur.'ly than tho housp, or th*^ 
hautis that mado it. 

• Shortly after the first map of the vilUige was drawn, 
ten more lots were added, along the imagiutiry AYater 
Street, but seem never to liavo been sold, as all the land 
upon the water froiit, with the exception of that close 
about the wharf, remained in the family until it was 
sold to tlie Lake Champlain Ore tt Iron company in 
1808. This property now forms the grounds of the 
Westport Inn. 

In two ye:irs' time settlement had increased so rap- 
idly that another street was necessary, and^Maiu Street 
was laid out, and the unndjerof lots raised to sixty-two, 
oil July 31, 1802. The part of the village thus mapped 
out extended from the north line of the present Libraiy 
lawu to a point somewhere near the Arsenal, and west- 
ward to tlic short street v;hich connects Washingtoii 
and Tiibertv.'-^ 

♦ rhc (irigLnal (irst map o£ ihe villi^s, drawn by Ananhis Roj;ers, is owned !v/ 
Miss Alice Lee. It was gjiven her some time a^o by the la.te Anthony J. B. Ross, 
an attorney in KsstiV, (;i!ii ss doacendant, by th<j way, of our Eiizabvth GlUilaiid,) 
whose father was aciiuaitiied with the HaisieaJs, an,.l probably had tlie map froi;-i 
them in the settlement of so:iie dispute over land titles. Acopyof it is still owned 
by a gfreat-grand dautrhter of John Halstead, and upon this copy are marked the 
prices of the lots. They ranjje from $7.00 to $:;, and the four lots in the ccrntr John Italstead's hou-;e was built are marked $>50 00. this price no doubt in- 
cludinjj the house. A niarfjmal note <ays. "Whole arroum $3,473 00," which fur- 
n;:.hrs the ba-is (or an interesting- calculation of tlie rise of real estate since iVo. 
There was a copy of the village map drawn on sheepskin, in 1S19, by J. Collins 
W'ickcr, whoever that nuiy have been. It was doubtless made by order of the towr- 
bo-ird, and beIon;red to the town, to be kept with other archives of this conunon- 
wealth, br.t iccanr.rjt have betm very carefully puardid, as found by a work- 
man, in a drawer. 1 think, in the store o'. Mr. Reuben In^alis, after the ttorc wa^- 
sold. T!irre is now a blue- print copy of the map, ciade to Miss Lee's order b>{ 
G.eore'! titcjfory in l"~y«ri. 

jiiSTORv OF WFsrroirr j:>i 

Since the Hat-bottomed ferry -boat whicli brcuuht tli.- 
liousehold goods of Jolin Halstead across tlie lake may 
hv called the ]Maytlo\ver of oui' villaj^e historv, an ac- 
ooimt of his desccudauts may carry tlie mind alo]i<^f 
lines of heredity not without interest to manv of mv 
John Halstead and Phebe his wife had eight eliildren, 
as iV)liows : 

1. Plcitt Rogers Halstead, born March 20, 1791, died 
February 19, 1849, of consumption. He never roarried, 

2. John Halstead, died at the age of nineteen of 

H. Maria Halstead, died at Iweniy-six of consump- 

4. Jacob Halstead, born 'March 5, 1800, drowned 
November 23, 1S25, with four others, all on board the 
r^chooner Troy, which went down in a gale about mid- 
night, ofl' Coil's Bay. These four older children were 
born at Ba.sin Harbor, and all the family are buried in 

5. Phebe Jane lived to be four years old. She must 
have been one of the first children born at Northwest 

0. The next child,, born l&OG, lived to be six years 

7. Caroline Eliza, born August IS, 1809, died in 
Bedford, N. Y., March 27, 1870, was the only one of all 
^lii.-» family who married. 

8, George, born August 21, 1812, was drowned with 
ii)>- brother Jacob in the schooner 7Vo//. at the a^'e of 

in2 . in STORY OF WKSrroRT 

thirteen. The inotlior of this f;imily tlioJ when the 
youngest child was four voars old, and John Halstead 
married again, a Mrs. Lydia Pardee, who had a family 
of children of her own by a former marriage. She had 
no Halstead cliildren. 

Caroline Eliza Halstead married Miles McFarlaud 
Sawyer, January 5, 1832. They had seven children, 
all born in "Wcstport : 

1. Phebe Maria, 1832-1893. She married John 
Xekou Barton and had two children. 

Helen married Henry J. Griftin of Yorktown Heights, 
"Westchester Co., and has one child, Anna Caroline Griftiii. 
born Dec. 6, 1891. Caroline Halstead married Frank Bar- 
ton Royce, and is the only descendant of John .Halstead 
left in the Champlain valley. 

2. Piatt Eogers Halstead Sawyer, 1831-1885. He 
was a physician, and surgeon of the 96th N. Y. in the 
Civil War. He was twice married, first to Helen Ba- 
ker, second to Frances Waters. His children : 

Frances Edua. married Hervey Fi. Dorr of Chicago, has 
one little girl, Francos. 

Lea Halstead Sawyer, Chicago. 

3. Jo.soph Willoughby, died at seventeen of con- 

4. Wa.shington Irviug, 1830-1802. Killed at Gaine.-^ 
Mills, Va. 

5. Conatit, 1S41-1898, married Jeannette Wright in 
IvSW, after her death in 1893 married Mrs. Mary E. 
Fowler t)f Anbuin. His children now live in Auburiu 
He was i\ physician in the State Prison there. 

Katberiuf Kl-uI Sau ver. 


Tiiomas Cotiaut Sawyer, married Alice M. Grant, has 
three children, Jcanuette, Thomas Conant, Jr., andGraut. 

John Halstead Sawyer, a lawyer in Auburn, married 
Lulu E. Walker, has oue child, Conant. 

G. John Halstead, 18^3-1882. INIarried Emma C. 
Knox of Ijedford, N. Y. Died in Doniphan, Kansas, 
being Major of the city at the time of his death. 

7. Caroline Loraine, 1846-1847. 

xVlso in 1800 came Enos Lovcland, probably by way 
of the Schroon and the Boquet valleys to the settlement 
at Pleasant Valley, and then eastward across the Black 
river to tlie highlands of Morgan's Patent. He lived 
at the place now called "Hoisiugtou's," on the head- 
waters of the floisingtou brook, near the cemetery. It 
lies not far outside the northern limit of the Iron Ore 
Tract, a lonely place, hemmed in by mountains. The 
soil is light, and the elevation between five and six hun- 
dred feet. Here lie "sat down," as the phrase went 
then, with his family of a wife and live little children. 
They afterward had seven more children, making in all 
a good old-fashioned family. 

Enos Loveland was born in Marlboro, formerly a part 
of Glastonbury, Connecticut, March 12, 17()(). Four 
generations of Lovelauds, had lived in that town or 
near it, there being four Thomas Lovelands in the direct 
line of succession. After the Pievolutiou Enos Love- 
laud, like so many of the young men of New England, 
left his home to try new fortunes farther west. He 
was married at Speucertown, N. Y., Jan. 15, 1789, to 
An)]a Finney, who was born at Warren, Conn., Jan. 25, 



1/G9. They lived for a time at SauJ Lake, Eensse- 
Lier county, and came to wluit u-as then Elizubothtown 
Essex eonnty, in ISOO. Enos Lovelund soon became 
prominent m church and state, being a man of ^-ei-Lt 
in tlie management of the Baptist church, and was 
elpcted Supervisor of the toun for the vears 1809. 1810 
and ISU. When Elizabethtoun nvus divided in 'l815 
undtlic .eastern part made into a new touu with the 
name of Westport, Enos Loveland was the llrst super- 
visor, and the town records show that he hekl many 
other ofhces. Pie died in 1841, and his wife in 1865 ^^' 
In the town records of 1801, in the accounts of the 
roads laid out in different parts of the township, there 
IS mention of a ^'lake road," which may have run alonr. 
the shore fi-ommntli to south, and of another which 

•The children of Enos Loveland are as follows • ~' 

Sylvia bo--n .,*,. carried for h.r first husband M.rc.s Holsin^^ton and haW 
or.c ch.!d. n.n,od Ma^cu.. She after.v.rd became .he second wife of Dr. Diadoru 
Hoiconib, an.! had by him four children. . '^''°'^"=' 

A.a, bom .79,. married Marj^^jrct Frasier. Went west. 

JT'7' t™ ""'• """"' ^"^^"^•"-^^- Hewasti.e father of Ralph A 
Loveland. who represented the county of Es.ex in the Assembly and in the Stu. 

^^::^z::x: '""^"^ """ - "^""^- ^^'— ^ - ^^^-^ 

Amanda, born irg;. marri.d Warren Harper. 

Lucetta born ,70;. .a, one of the early school teachers. She was twi.e 
married, first to Leman Bradley, second to Eben F'^erton 

Xarciss. born .Soo. after her parents can.e to thi^s to.-n', .,arried Elijah An^ier 

Aretas, born .S33, n,arricd Emeline .Manning. 

Then came two babie,. one born in .Sos and the other in .ScS. both of who-^ 
were named Datus. The nrst Datns, who closed h. eyes on this wearv wor .d at 

Harr t ' '"^'^ '^^-^^^ '". ^ "^ '"^^^'^'P- T'- -cond Datus died at the a,e of five 
Harriet, born ,So>. married James Stringham 

' ]I I STOUT OF WKSTPOirr V.h~> 

nvn "through Ananias Iiogers' clearing." This was 
juobably a road connecting Pleasant Yalloy with North- 
west Bay, and it shows us how the settlement at the 
bay was commonly sjjokeii of at that time, in popular 
disregard of the carefully surveyed streets of the Ana- 
nias map. 

But nevei'theless, men of energy and foresight saw 
possibilities iu the situation of the little clearing. 
Early iu 1S02 came a man wlio v\-as destined to do much 
in furthering tiie fortunes of the place, bringing in tlie 
S[)ii-it of commeice, with its expression in the country 
store, and building mills and wharves as time went on. 
This man was Charles Hatch. Forty years after his 
coming to Westport he wrote, at the request of Dr. 
Sewall S. Cutting, then editor of the ^Ve/r Y<>rl- Ht.njrilcr, 
a letter descriptive of the place as he first saw it, which 
lias fortunately been preserved. lie begins : 

"Dear sir : — I now, agreeable to promise, commence a 
sketch of the early settlement of this country, but more 
particularly of the town of Westport. In the spring of 
1790 1 moved to the settlement of Brooktield, whicii 
cotnmenced in the spiring of 17S9, which place was then 
in the town of Willsborongh, but now iu the town of Es- 
sex, At that timeall the country west of me for 100 miles 
was an entire wilderness. I renjaiued iu Brookfield 
until 1S02. During that time a settlement commenced 
in Pleasant Valley, now Elizaljethtuu n, also in the sev- 
«.'ral towns of Chestertreld by Isaac Wright, iu Jay by 
Nathaniel Malery, in Iveene by Benjamin Payne, ia 
Se-hroon by a Judg>' Pond. All conimeuced their im- 

inn iiiHTOUY OP WK.sjToirr 

provceuts „ud progressed rapidly. Ou,- ro.<ls wcr, 
.11 to make anew I helped ,.„k out the first road that 
ed fro., Lro.U,eld to (I,e lake, a distance of six .ailes. 
I drove the „rst loaded .ago,, f,.om B.-ookfieU to 
Pleasa„t A alley, a distance of eight ,nile, 

"I. the fall of ISOl 1 c„uel„ded to move to AVestport 
..ghtu,,lesfro,nmythe„ residence, vet fhe,.e v.-al „o 
■■oad. I the,. ha,„essed „-,y horses io a .ago., „-i.h 
tour n,e„ w„h ,ae, ami i„ „v„ Oays' time, wiU, perse- 

Uuated tea „„,es west of the City of Vergennes, iu 
Vermont, a„d ou the west side of Lake Ch^m- 

fi ll,b„ toa„yo„e,vhok„owsl,is history it is ph,i„ 

ha he foresaw „o fut„re for hi.aselt aad bis aptitude 

orbns,ness,„aplaee like Brookfield, which has ,.- 

"«>- «"lo tlos .lay simply a slretel, of far,ui„g coam 

try, withont eve., a post-office of its owu 

"Westport . that t„„e was .aostly a dense fo,.est, 
th a fe„-soh.a,y settlements, without a road near 

.helake.ol..,..,h„adioi,,i.,gtou.n,,orth, a,,d.,one 
fo Cow,, 1 o,„t. the then adjoining to,vn sonth. AVe of 
eou,vse, had no means of co„„„„„icati„g with clnr 
ne,g-l,W,,,g ,o„-ns h„t l,v wa.e,-, and that „„.„„,,,.,.■ .) 

.n.e t.o and o,,ed,alfn,i,es south, at Barber's roiat;; 
He.eK,al, ].,rl„.,., which place bears his ua,ae. .S.iil 

""'" "'"^ "'-^ " ^-■■■" " four soa.h 


of tlif jnesout AVcstport villa^-e, cominenccid by a ruau 
1)V the Dame of riaiuiout, wliicli Avas tiio only iitiprove- 
hunt coinmenced In -foie the Eevolntion in the present 
West port. At the last ineiitiouecl phice Eainieiit erect- 
ed a small mill, but it was all tlemolislied when I moved 
into this place, except a shattered old house which 
was occupied by Jjcujamjn Andrews. 

"Tlie village of Westport is situated aljoufc nine miles 
north of Crown Point, on a pleasant Bay, and . . . 
had . . . tijreo log houses, a saw mill, and a few 
scateriug log bouses in the backwoods." 

Watson, who probably received his information from 
the old Squire himself, says that he found here one 
frame house, three log houses, a saw imW and one barn, 
The frame house, and probably the barn, were John 
Halstead's, and the saw mill was built by Ananias Kog- 

'"The little partial improvementon the village ground 
was eovert'd with di'y Hemlock Trees, but the first set- 
tlers Vv'as a set of Hardy, Iiidusti-ious men, aiid the 
wilderness soon became fruitful fields, and the impi'ove- 
meuts have progresst^d gradually. The great Iron Ore 
r>ed, formerly called the Crown Point Ore Led, is sit- 
imted in the south part of ^Yt■stport, and is one of the 
iuost exteusix'e mines of Imn in this Northern Iron re- 
gion. It was discovered soon after the Pievolution, and 
f<dl into the liauds of Piatt Eogers, who made some im- 
l>roverneuts in raising. He emjdoyed a number of 
miners. Among the miners was a respectable English- 
man b\- the of ^^'alcou, and r>ome of his descend- 


ants still remain in the same neigliborlioorl, and some 
oecupyiug the same ground, and enjoy a respectable 
place iii sooietj." 

He is mistaken in saying that the ore bed ^vas "dis- 
covered soon after the Eevolution," as its existence was 
'.vell-kn£)wu to Philip Skene, and we have good reason 
to believe that this is why ho desired the grant of the 
land from the king. It is an interesting fact that the 
Vi'alton family of whom Jndgo Hatch speaks still oc- 
cupy the same place, on the road between "NVestport 
and Port Henry. 

"In consequence of the Iron mine above named, and 
many others in tlie neigliboring towns, there are many 
forges erected in almost every town in the count v, and 
many of them bring their Iron into Westport for mark- 
et. The early settlers suffered many privations, it be- 
ing a time when all kinds of merchandise was very 
Dear, and no manufacturing near but what every Fam- 
ily did for themselves; no mills near. None knows 
tiie privations but those that tryed it, but the scene is 
much changed. We now fitjd ourselves situated in a 
pleasant Tillage of about one thousand inhabitants, 
]:)leutifully supi'lied with the necessaries of life, and 
many luxuries, having now a variety of factor\'s. among 
others a furnace which makes froni six to nine tons of 
Ii-on per day, and anothei- furr.ace at Port Henrv. Of 
the several Iron mines in Essex Co. the following is a 
part; 1st, in Westport. 2nd, in Moriah. 3rd, in Crown 
Point. Itli, in Elizabethtov»n, besides many naoi'e, 
id most wilhou.t uuniber." 


The oW Judge always writes the word "irou" willi a 
oai)ital, and well he nnglit, for it had a great part in 
the building up of his fortunes. In old mortgages of 
the time we often find it provided that the interest shall 
bo paid "in good, mercliantable, bar iron," to be deliv- 
ered at the store of Cliarles Hatch on such a day. Of 
course barter was the rule of trade in those days, as 
money was far too scarce to supply the demand for a 
medium of exchange, and no doubt a store-keeper with 
a good eye for the value of different kinds of produce, 
and a shrewd knowledge of his market, gathered wealth 
all the sooner for tliat.''- 

In the same season that the possessions of Charles 
Hatch were conveyed with so much labor through the 
woods from Brookfield to Northwest ]Jay, another partv 
made its way in the 0[iposite direction to the falls on 
the Eoqnet. They crossed the lake, landed in the bay, 
and cut a road "four miles through the pine woods." 
They had come a long journey, from a town in the eas- 
tern part of Massachusetts. TJiis was the party of 

•Char!c« Hatch was born in 176S in Dutchess county, the son of Timothy Hatch 
and Eunice Beard^Iey his wife, who had moved there from ConnecUcut. He came 
toBtookfielda young man of twenty-two, with a wife whose maiden name was 
Amy Low, and one child, Ehzabeth or Betsey, who afterward married Samuel H. 
F.irnswor:h. Soon ;ifter his arrival his son Charles Beardsley Ha'ch was born, 
and afterward succeeded to his fathtjr's business in Westport. marryincr Mar- 
t,'ar«tta Ann W.nans. daughter of James I. Wirans by his first wifa. 1 he c'hildren 
of Charles B. Hatch were Percival, Winans, Mary Elizabeth, who married Amos 
Prescott, and Sarah, who married Edwin Prescott. In 1S20 Judge Charles Hatch 
married his second wife, LyJia I> Clark, sister of David Clark and half sister of 
A.ircn B. .Mack, and h^d twochildren. Eunice, afterward Mrs. Stoutenhurgh. and 
EJwin. Late in life Judjre Hatch married a third time, Maria, dausjhler of Jacob 
and Sarah Ferris, and she outlued him by twelve ye^rs. The old <quire died in 
^''j'^.i'SC^ ei|;hty-ei»;hr. 

■200 11 IS TO in' OF wEsri'Oirr 

Jesse Bramau. His people were early settlers ia 
Xortoi), Mass., arul liaJ cluiip; to tlio soil for four 
generations, so that it must have seeaied a 
strange and daring thing to cut loose from every tie 
and face the long, rough journey into the depths of thc- 
wilderness of northera ]Se\v York. Jesse Braman's 
wife was Abiatha Felt, and her brother, Aaron Felt, 
also came from Temple, N. H., and settled at the falls, 
but it is not quite clear whether the two young couples 
came together, or whether Aaron Felt came somewhat 
later. Let us ho])e that they had the comfort of trav- 
eling together, that the discomforts and hardships of 
the way might be the sooner forgotten. AVith v.hat 
delight they must have stood at last upon the river 
bank and looked upon the beautiful foaming fall in the 
bend of the river, overarched by the giant trees of the 
prin^eval forest, conscious of their own ability to make 
use of all tliat beauty and jiower. The river v;as twice 
as full as vvx- ever see it now, except in time of flood, 
and thoe was no bridge, no mill, no house, not even a 
tree cut o!i the bank. ITow much lovelier it must have 
been tiion, dashing downward over the rocks that auulc 
it musical, through the ancient forest to the lake ! 

But it i.-, not likely that Braraau and Felt stopped t(» 
admire the scenery much until they had raised a roof 
over the heads of their famihes. The first house, — a 
log cabin, of course,— was built on the bank, southwest 
of -the fall. A eh aring was made, and Aaron Felt built 
ft grist mill,— how soon I do not know. His wife's 
ma.i<h-i: n.Liir.- was Kaehcl Chase, and it is told tl.iat sh.o 

iiisroin' OF wKSTi'oirr ■201 

could run the luill ;is well as lier liusbautl, niid that 
wlien it was neccssavy to oairy tli^ giaiu to the mill, 
she sliouklercd the baji; and w alkod across the oue log 
that brid<;;ed tl.e space between the river's bank and 
t]ic mill, as fearlessly and securely as he. Such wei'e thn 
pioneer womei\. and snob they had need to Ite. About 
lSlH)the Felts ti'.ovod to Ph.asaiU Valley, but th^ Bra- 
mans stayed in the place where they first settled. Jesse 
Jb-aman's wife Abiatha had .>i\ children, and then died. 
Then lie married JMarcia Kose, and she had seven 
chiklren. In those days a family of thirteen children 
was considered only a comfortabhj houseful, even 
though the houses were so much smaller than they are 

Another early settler was Samuel Webster Felt, who 
came, like Aaron Felt, from Temple, N. H. He married 
Lydia Wheelt-r, in l^Ud, and thry nsade tin; long jour- 
ney to the F;ills, but in a few ujonths' time the young 
wife died, and hevs is said to have been the tlrst fune- 
ral in the townsliip. She was br.ried "near the big 
elm," I am told, on the bank of the liver, a little below 
the present ceniettn'y. This was the first burying- 
Ln-onnd, but all traces of it are now removed. 

♦Some of these thirteen children died, some prew up to go west, and six married 
a.-'.J settled in this vicinity. Daniel V\'. Braman was one of the principal business 
men of Wadhams Mills for many years, and was supervisor for two terras. Horace 
was also in business there, and his son Jesse is now a practicing- physician at the 
sair.e place. Jason married Laura Hubble and had nine children, Ejjbert, Mary> 
Van Xess, George, Esteila, Lucy, Henry, and Lynn. 0£ the daughters, 
Asenath married Piatt Sheldon, Martha married Henry Bfownson and Helen mar- 
rifd Kelt. There are now over twenty descendrmts of the pioneer living 
in town, in the families of Henry and James ikaman, Henry SlicUlv>r., .-\l!>crt Car- 
penter and Guy Frisbie. 

202 HisTOuv nr wKsrroirr 

111 1808 or 1810 Jolm AN'hitney came v, ith his fauuly 
from Springfield, Yt., and followed tlie uov/ly cut road 
through the pine woods from the Bay to the Falls, 
choosing his farm rdjont a mile above the falls, on the 
east side of tlie river. When he had ju'ospered snfii- 
ciently to build himself a new frame house, and the 
neighbors were called in to help raise the frame, his 
principles forbade his followin;:^ the gejieral custom of 
giving the men liquor. Thence it was kijown as the 
first house in all this region which was "raised with- 
out rum." I'liis house stood until Deceml.)er of 1901, 
when it was unfortunately destroyed by fire. Tlie 
laud has never been out of the family since it was 
first taken up by Jolm "Whitney, who was a de- 
scendant of that John Whitney who was born in Eng- 
land in 1589 and came to "Watertown, Mass., in 
1()35. This English John Whitney was a descend- 
ant of Sir Evobert Wiiitney, and through him the family 
claim Idnship with English nobility, and even with 
royalty. Many of the famih became distinguished in 
the nesv world. The father of our pioneer was Eemuel 
Wiiitney of Sponeer, ]\Iass., of whom it was said that 
he and all his brothers and brothers-in-law were in the 
Kevolutmnary army. His wife was Elizabeth Safibrd, 
born in Rowley, Mass., daughter of JJauiel Sati'ord, who 
fought in tlie Revolution, and afterward became one of 
the early settlors of the town of Essex.* 

•Johft Whitney's seven children all sctt'pd m lliis new land which he had diosen. 
His oldest daufjhter, Abigail, murried OJiver H. B.arrett, and had four sons. JoKn 
Whitney died in Chiciso in 1..00. Beniinun Albert Birrelt wis a vol-jn- 
leer in the Civil War, .md is now a drug^g'Sl in North Topeka, Kansas, Oliver 

HISTORY OF Wi:ST/Oirr -jo:: 

The Hiircly family also came to the banks of 
the lloqnet very early. There were three brothers, 
Fr;inois, Joseph auil Beujamiu, who came first and se- 
lected the home, then returned and brought tlieir mother 
and sister Hannali, all the party travehng on horse 
back. This was about 1811. Tliey settled a mile or 
so below the Falls, at the most southern bend in the 
river, Frances building- on the west sliore and Benjanjin 
on the east. This land has never been out of the family 
since it was jfirst taken up by the three brothers. 

liL-turninjj; to the village at Northwest Bay and re- 
tracing a few years in time, we find the village rapidlv 
increasing, as well as the outlying population. The 
fact that a man lived in the village was no proof tliat he 
was not a fanner. On the contrary, every one who 
owned anything at all owned land to clear and cultivate, 
and as soon as the clearings were made fit for pastur- 
age, and the wolves were subdued enough to make it 
possible to keep cattle, the village streets were lanes 

r):in.i R;»rrLLt, a graduate o£ the University of Vermont, practiced law in Wash- 
intjtun, D. C.. from 1S67 until hir. death in ijoi. Henrv S.:fford Barrett ib a farmer 
inThomson, Ul. 

Lemuel Whitney died in iS;(S, lca\ ir^ no children. 

Thankful married Thomas liadley and spent her life near her early home. 

Elizabeth married Benjamin S. Fairchild, of Wiilsboro, and died recently, the 
last pensioner of the war of i'm2 in thii section. 

Caroline married Laertins Tuttle of Essex. 

John Rnssell Whitney u iU always be known in the annals of Wadhams as "Dea- 
con Whitney, "holding- that office in the Contjregational church from his election in 
iS/j^, upon the death of Deacon Sturtevant, to his own death in iSSo. Of his chil- 
dren, two daughters married clergymen, one daughter prepared herself for teach- 
ing music, two )K>ns have been in business, one was a missionary in Micronesia for 
ten years, and a son and a daughter ^tlll reside on the home farm. 

Joel French Whitney was a fan-.itr and business niin. One son resides at Wad- 
hjinsand two arc 1:1 the wes'. 


tlirougb wliicli tlie cows came home at night. There 
Imd been a saw mill on the brook as early as the ear- 
liest houses, aijcl soon after there was a grist mill. 
There is au okl "Agreeuient" between the miller and 
the mill owners which has been preserved, and though 
the date has been torn off, it seems to have been made 
out before 1S07. The agreement is between Ananias 
and Piatt Ilogers and Asa Durfee, and it sets forth 
that the owners "have let unto him the Grist Mill at 
Northwest Bay on Shares, each to have half the toll. 
And the Mill and Dam to be kept in repair by the said 
Asa, ordinary repairs of less than one dollar, at his 
own proper expense; and all extraordinary repairs of 
more than one dollar, (not occasioned by improper 
negligence of the said Asa,) are to be made by the said 
Ananias ami Piatt at their proper charge and expense, 
for the Terra of one year next ensuing the date hereof. 
On condition that the said Asa shall faithfully keep the 
said Mill and Dam in gr>od repair as aforesaid, and well« 
and truly perfi^rm all the duties of a skillful, trusty and 
obliging Miller." The niiller was to have his house 
rent besides his half of the toll, and '"the pasture lot 
east of the road leading from the saw mill southward, 
the ensuing season, for three dollars and thirty-seven 
and H half cents f<>r the season ; and also the new 
cleared gvoand on each side of the Mill brook to plant 
with Indian cm-n" on shares. "And also, one-half of 
the Grass lot wherecni has been wheat the last season, 
sotith of the Mill brook," on shares. 

Tims we learn that thev called the stream "Mill, 

Ill STORY OF WSKTJ'oirr Jdo 

Ih-ook," and tljat Asa Durfec was on..' of the first, if uot 
the first miller. Au ohi tiMubstone in the cemetery 
reads "Eheuezer Durfie, a soldier of the llevolutioti. 
Died 1847, aged 86." Perhaps Asa Durfee was his son. 
One of the first settlers at Northwest Bay was Ed- 
ward Cole, who came from Warren, Rhode Island, 
probably crossing the lake at Barber's Foint, and bouj^ht 
land upon lot. No. 14 of Skene's Patent, building his 
house at the top of the hill in the south ])art of the vil- 
lage, on the site so long occupied by ]\lr. Israel Patti- 
son. His wife's name was Sarah, and they brought 
with them seven children, ail reared in the Baptist 
faith, ai'd accustomed tf- consider their home the natu- 
ral abiding place of all Baptist preachers who canje 
into the neighborhood."" These preachers, as well as 
those of other denoruiuatious at times, brought into the 
little lake shore .>>ettlemeut an intiuonce distinctly felt, 
and one which had much to do iu shajnng the history 
of the town. 

♦Children of Edward Cole: 

I, Samuel married Rebecca Holcomb, daughter of Diadorus, and was the fath- 
er of S, Wheaton Cole of Cedar Bapids, Iowa, and of Emeline, who married 
Willimn L. Wadhanis^ son of Gijncral Wadhams. 

1. Caleb married Eunice Haves, and was the father of Harry, Albert, (marjied 
Juha Hickok.) Kobv (married Mr. Douglas), Mary (rearried James A. Allen), and 
Roxy (married Diadorus Holcomb, Jr.) To Caleb descended the old place, built 
by Edw.'i.rd Cole. 

3. Paul died unmarried. 

4. Tillinghast married Caty Penny, and all their descendants now living in 
Westport are children and grandchildren of tivo daughters. Maria married Hez-* 
• kiah Barber, (son of the Hrst settler.) and their son Major still lives on the old 
Barber place at the Point. Another daughter of Tillinghast Cole, Pamelia, mar- 
ried Xoc! Merrill, and their son Henry, with his family, still live on the place 
where Tiilinghast Cole first built his house, on the edge of "the Cedars." 

One of Edward Cole's dauehters married Jeduthun B.arnes, and another married 
a Culver, 


In 1807 the first church was organized, of the Baptist 
order, like the tirst chu. ch at Pleasant Valley, organ- 
ized ten years before. Many of the early settlers came 
I'rom the older colonies with certificates of church raeni- 
' bership carefully packed away among their household 
treasures — a "church letter," as it is called. One of 
the vows taken by a person joining a Baptist church is 
the promise that if ho or she shall remove from the 
place, this letter shall be presented as soon as possible 
to some other church "of the same faith and order." 
Not finding such a church already constituted, your 
true Baptist sets to work to make one, and such was 
the task before a little botly of Baptists who had come 
into the town. The civilizing influence of an organiza- 
tion pledged to religious observance and good behavior 
is especially needed in a new community, and the Con- 
gregational form of self-forming and self-ruling churches 
peculiarly well adapted to such conditions as are found 
on a new frontier. One article of Baptist belief is that 
which enjoins the faithful keeping of church records, 
and old "church hooks" are invaluable in local history. 
The records of this "Northwest Bay Church" as it was 
called, were well kept from the very beginning, and are 
exceedingly interesting. The first entry is dated March 
17, 1807, and begins: "A Meeting a[){)ointed by a nuni- 
.ber of Baptist brethren on Morgan's Patent in Eliza- 
bethtown." "On Morgan's Patent" is not as definite 
as we could, wish, as it only indicates a region which is 
bounded, roughly speaking, within the triange formeil 
bv the Black river, the J.edge Hill road to MeigsvilU-, 

HISTORY OF WKsrrnirr 207 

;intl the turnpike. This stretcli of farmiug couutry 
wus settled as oarly as auy in the township, and no 
iloubt here was the greater weight of Baptist sentiment. 
We would like t(j have been told in whose house they 
met, but it is no improbable guess that it wjis on the 
Hoisinglon place, where three roads couk; together, 
near the headwaters of the Hoisiugtou brot)k. 

Here the church was foraied with six meml>ers — four 
uiL'U and two women. Elisha Collins seems to have 
bt-en the leader and the one who kept the record. 
There were also llupy, or lUipee Bachellor, William 
Denton and James Hoysington. (This name, some- 
times written Hysouton, is, ot course, the same that we 
now spell Hoisington.) Then there were Sarah Ellis 
and Tripiiena Bachellor, the latter probabh' the wife 
of Rupee Bachellor. At the next meeting two more 
women joined — Anna Loveland, the wife of Enos Love- 
land, who joined soon after, and Phebe Fish. At 
another meeting Peter X. Fisli, "Sister" Fish and xVvis 
Hvsonton jt>ined. In September the name of Joel Fin- 
ney is added, and a meeting is appointed at his house 
"at Northwest B.i}"." In November was held the 
"council of sister churches" which is always necessary 
for the recognition of a newly f()rmed Baptist churcli. 
The council was formed of delegates from four churches 
-dready established, those of Pleasant Valley and Jav 
on this side the lake, and of Panton and Bridport in 
Vermont. This Council, ]) the largest public 
gathering up"to that time, which had yet been held in 
tbe little settlement, "met accoi-ding to ajujointment at 


the chvelliiJ^ liouse of Mr. Johu Halstead's at N. W. 
Bay." The "Mr." proves that John Halstead was not 
entitled to the prefix "Brother," ^^'iven to all male 
church members, and the reason for the use of his 
house is simply that it contaiuod the largest room in 
the village — the bar room, in the northwest corner. 
Not the slightest incongruity was felt between the place 
and the solemn proceedings of the Council, nor was 
this a sign of the barbarism of the frontier. At that 
day, not one man in a hundred had any conscientious 
scruples on the subject of moderate drinking, and it 
was more than twenty years after this time that the 
first "temperance agitation" was begun. Drinking had j 
not yet become a question of conscience. Tlie man 
who drank too much was frowned upon by society and 
disciplined by the church, but the man who drank only 
a little was commended as the community ideal. 

This bar r<;om was used occasionally afterward for 
other Councils and unusually large gatherings, but the 
regular meetings of the church were held at the houses 
of' the diiroreiit members. The one most frequently 
used in tliis way was Edward Cule. (From this fact 
arose tlie impres^^ion among some of the older mem- 
bers of the church, with whonj I have talked, that the 
church was organized in his house, l>ut the facts con- 
tained in the ohl records are exactly as 1 have given 

In five yeaj's' tinie the church had increased to more 
than thirty members. There wus no regular pastor. 
Occasionally one of the wilderness preachers, like Henjy 

iiiSTOJir OF WESTj'onr 


rha,nl„n.hua ,n- Solo.non B.owu, who went about from 
<-IJUrel, f.> cimrcl, i„ „orthen, Vormout ;uh1 Xew Yoil- 
came to pr.ach a ser,„o„, or to observe the orjiuaucel 
of communion or of baptism, stajed a few weeks and 
"ent on h„ way again. The u.ost of the time the 
...eelings were n.ore lil<e the n.odern "prayer meeting " 
^ an eynal oi,portruuty given each member for e"x- 
I'ress.on Tl,is .system brought out the natural leaders 
Hu.ongthem, whose gifts of prayer and exhortation 
srew wtth the using. Elisha Collins was evidently per- 
.mt.ed to "improve the time" with more authority than 
™.V o her, until Deacon Abner Holcomb came, wheu 
the latter seems to have taken the first place 

The clerics of the church were Elisha Collins, and 
heu Pe er >. Levi Cole, .Joel F,nuey and Tilling. 
1 ast Cole. s,>n ol Edward Cole. Those who acted as 
deacons were Rupee Dacheller. Uriah Palmer, Horace 
Holcon,h and 1, hnghast Cole. Xames of members 
addedl,eorel8 2w-ereAshbeI Culver, Squire Ferris 
Na haurel Htukly Tunis Van VUet.-Hazelton, Piatt 
Halstoad, bamuel Bacheller, Steven Collins, Titus 

Co'^ r"\ ^'"\™""'" -"- '^J[i°erva and Loviua 
Cohns,heheeea linuey, Sarah and Charlotte Cole, 
M«y and Sahy Culver. Diadama Ferris. Electa Van 
M.e . lolly HauHuon.l. Huldah Barber, ilindwell Hol- 
comb, Elizabeth B.arue.s, Mehital,le Havens 

1. the san.e year, on 4, 1S07. a most uota- 
We event „, ,h. h.story of civilization occurred upon the 
Hudson r.v.r. It was the first entirely successful nav- 
igatR.u l,y steam ja.wer ever accom,,lished. The Ch,- 

210 HJsroRY OF wKsrronr 

ino)tt, built by Ivoboit Fulton, with tlie as;<i.stauce and 
eucouragemoiit of Chancellor liivinj^ston ancl of many 
of the business men liviuf^ iu towns alonj^ the Hudson, 
made the trip from New York to Albany iu thirty-two 
hours. Que of the meu ou board the C'lcnnont that 
day, and cue who had been interested iii every detail of 
the new invention from the first, was John Winans of 
Pougldceepsie. He belonged to one of the old, well-to- 
do Quaker families of that region, aud his sister, Mrs. 
Hannah Southwick, was a well-known Quaker preacher. 
Another sister, Polly, was Mrs. Darrell, and another 
married a lieyuolds. His brothers were Stephen, who 
lived in Poughkeepsie, and James, who married as his 
second wife Ida, daughter of Piatt Rogers, and came to 
live at Basin Harbor. John Winans, the most famous 
of the family, by reason of his connection with the 
beginnings of steam navigation, married a Dutch wo- 
man, Catriiia Stuart, and seeing great possibilities in 
the appHcation of the new pov/er to the means of 
transportation between Sew York and Canada, moved 
to Lake Champlain. Here he built the second steam- 
boat in the world, and called it the Vennoitt. It was 
built in Burlington, by John Winans and J. Lough, and 
launched at the foot of King street in the spring of 1803. 
The Vfnuoiit was larger than the Cltrmonl, being 120 
feet long, 20 feet wide, aud S feet deep, witli a speed of 
four miles an hour. The captain was John Winans 
himself, aud the pilot Hiram Ferris of Panton, — a de- 
scendant, l)y the way, of that Ferris who entertained 
Benjamin Franklin aud the otlier Ccnnmissiouers oi> 

n I STORY OF WESTl'Oirr 211 

tlioir way to Canada in the spring of 177(3. The Ver- 
t/iniit began luuniug regnhir trips iu ISOU, carrying pas- 
sengers and freight between Whiteliall and St. John's. 
In tlie war of 1S12 she carried government stores and 
soldiers, and once at least was in danger of .capture by 
the British. She ran for seven years, being sunk near 
I^le Au Noix in October of 1815. The next steamboat 
on the hike was the F/io >iir, but at Yergennes for the 
Champh.iiu Transportation Company in 1815, and the 
third was another boat built by John Winans, tiie 
('haiiii>laiii, lauuclied at Yergennes in 181 G. The Chinn- 
l>ktin, was smaller and swifter than the l^erntoitf, and 
was burned at Whitehall iu 1S17. 

John \Yinans lived for some years at Ticonderoga, 
but v.dicn he died he was buried at Poughkeepsie. He 
had a son, Stuart, and two daughters, Sarah, who mar- 
lied a Jjingham, and Joanna Stuart, who married 
I'homas, son of Ebenezer Douglass, and spent 
her early marrieel life in ^Yestport. Joanna was the 
youngest child of John ^Yinaus, and it was his fancy to 
take her with him on the first trip of the Veruiont, a 
little girl carrying her kitten iu her arms. She made a 
most rem antic marriage, at the age of fifteen years and 
six mouths, to Thomas Douglass, oidy a few years older 
than iierself. It is told that he fell in love with her 
when he iirst saw her, a little barefoot girl iu her fath- 
er's orchard, when both the Winans and the Douglass 
familit^s lived in Ticonderoga. A daughter of Thotuas 
Douglass and Joanna Winans, Kate, born in Westport 
in 18'2-"), and now ^frs. James A. Al'a'U, has kindly given. 

212 jnsTOh'V OF \vi:sTi'nirr 

me these detuils. Otber cliiWron of Thomas Douglass 
were Elizaljetli, aftei wurcl Mrs. Saxe, ]\[ary, and Gib- 
sou, the latter now living in Buffalo. 

It was indeed a wonderful day. when the J'enitnuf 
steamed for the first time up throufrh the Narrows, past 
Iiock Harbor, across the ha}- and on |)ast Barber's 
J-*oint, on her way to Whitehall. AVhen the wind was 
fair the furry boats out-saik'd her, but well knew all 
these New Kngland men, with their natural insight into. 
the power of mechanic forces, that the day of the sail- 
ing boat was over. There are amusing stories of tht-3 
first steamboat on the Mississippi river, and the terri- 
fied darkies, who believed it the actual presentment of 
the Evil One, fiery-eyed and snorting, walking on the 
water, but there was no one on our shores, we may be 
sure, whoso imagination was thus excited by the ad- 
vent of the puthng and churning little Vennoni. 
Bather the keen-eyed Yankees went down to tht- 
Point to see her go by, and tried to explain to the 
boys who stood with, them how the steam inside the 
boat made the paddle-wheels go round. The. early 
steam-l>oat!> seldom or never made shore landings, even 
after v.harves were built, l>ut stopped outside and sent 
oil' a small boat to the shore with passengers or freight. 
This must have been duo to timidity oii the part of the 
pilot, and })erhaps the timidity was due to the lack of 
charts in which complete confidence could bo placed. 

In this same eventful year of 1807 the county seat 
was changed from Essex to Elizabcthtown, where it remained ever since. Th.e change from the extreme 

HISTORY OF WKsrroirr 2jh 

eastern eclj^e of flie couuty to a point nearer the centre 
sliows a thickening of the popuhition tiway from the 
lake. While this change vastly increased the import- 
ance of the settlement at Pleasant Yalle}', it also 
brought a double stream of commerce and travel to 
Northwest Bay. 

In 1808 tlie last patent of ^yestport laud was 
granted, — the smaller Jonas Morgan patent, coutain- 
ing seven liuudred acres, and lying in tlie northwest 
corner of the township. Only about half of the patent 
is on our side of the Black river, the other half lying in 
Elizabethtown. It lies west of the McCormick patent, 
and its southwest corner touches the north line of the 
larger Jonas Morgan patent, granted in 1799. Jonas 
Morgan had already built a forge on the Black river, 
at the pla^e which we now call Meigsville, on the west- 
ern shore, which was the first forge on that river. 
This he sold to Jacob Southwell. 

The Act of the Legislature granting the smaller pat- 
ent, April "28, 1808, runs as follows: 

"Whereas it hath been represented to the Legislature 
by Jonas Morgan and Ebenezer W. Walbridge in their 
petition that the^' have it in contemjdatiou to erect 
works of diffeieut kinds for the manufacture of iron, in 
]:Ldizabetht<jwn in the county of Esses, and on account 
of the great eipense and risk attending the erection of 
such works they have prayed for legislative aid ; 

"And whereas the erection of such works, and espe- 
cially of a furna'co for casting of pig-iron, hollow ware 
.■Did stoves, in that part of tlu; state, whore irojj ores of 


the best quality and the materials for working the same 
are abundant, would bo so beneficial to the state at 
large, and j)articalarly to the northern part of it, as 
justly to entitle suc-h an undertaking to encouragenient 
and aidfroni the Leglislature ; 

"And whereas it is also represented, that there is a 
tract of vacant land belonging to the people of this 
state, lying in the toun of Elizabothlowu aforesaid, on 
the north side of a tract of land belonging to the said 
Jonas ^Morgan, on which he has already erected a forge, 
and adjoining to the same, which will be useful, and in 
time perhaps absolutely necessary- for carrying on the 
conteni])lated works to advantage, therefore" — the state 
not only granted Morgan and Walbridge the land, but 
lent them three thousand dollars for the prosecution of 
the work, on condition that the furnace be running 
v.-ithiu three years, a condition which was probably ful- 
filled, since we find mention of "Morgan's New Forge" 
in the town records of 1815. ^Yhether he really cast 
stoves and hollow ware I do not know, nor whether he 
made or lost a fortune on the banks of the Black river. 
Before 1S16 he had sold out to Brainard and Mitchell, 
who built a grist mill a little further down on the east 
side, and since that time the place has always been 
known as Braiuard's Forge. Mr. Wallace Pierce, to 
whom I am indebted for much information in regard to 
the Black river country, had the impression that al- 
though the dam went out in the great freshet of 1830, 
the forge was not carried away. Mr. Fierce also told 
me this storv about Jonas Morgnn. "The south line of 

HISTORY OF WKsrroirr 210 

\\'\<. .smaller patent auJ the north lino of his larger pat- 
ent are about a halt" mile apart. In bnih.liiij^ his dam 
at BrainarJ's Forge he flooded this strip of state land, 
and at once applied for another grant, asking for a 
thousand acre's niore, claiming that he had flooded 
tliat nuich stato laud. An engineer was sent from Al- 
li;i!jy who scaled Morgan's pond and found only eiglit}'- 
four acres of state land covered with water, a ))atent for 
which he received in 1810." 

It seems to have been in IROS that the tirst Justice 
of the Peace was appointed for our side of the river, an 
onicial quite necessary for the adjustment of small dis- 
jnites and for the transaction of ordinary legal busi- 
ness. The appointee was Piatt llogers, Jr., and it may 
be assumed that his justice courts were held in the bar- 
room of the inn of his brother-in-law, John Halstead. 
The tirst book containing the records of the Baptist 
cijurch was presented to thai body by Piatt Rogers, 
who probabl}- held a strict monopoly of the trade in 
blank books at this time. 

It was also in ISOS that James W. Coll came from 
Ticonderogit and settled at the mouth of the Raymond 
brook, building his mills where Raymond had built 
liis before hiui. Here a thriving colony soon sprang 
up, its population fcu' some years exceeding that of 
Northwest Bay, with a saw mill, a grist mill, lime kilns, 
a blacksmith shop and a brickyard. Coll built his 
liouse a little way north of the mill site, on the corner, 
whore it still stands, with its massive squaie timbers, 
<nit from the tj-ees of the ftu-ot primeval. It was a I'eJ 

'J 10 iiiSTOh'v OF wi:srroi!T 

house with long, ylojnnp; roof, with a great ehimiiey aiul 
firephices, aud was usoJ, like so man}- of the pioneer 
houses, as an iun. The house, with all the lauil of the 
neighborhood, now belongs to the Westport Farms. 

James W. Coll was born in 1783, came here a young 
man twenty-five years old, and lived to the age of nine- 
ty. He must have visited these shores some years be- 
fore his final settlement, since he was accustomed to 
say that he saw Northwest Bay when the only house 
there was built of logs and thatched with bark. He 
had two brothers, Samuel and Levi, who came and set- 
tled near him at Coil's Bay. Notice that the name is 
Coll, and not Cole. They were not at all related to the 
family of Edward Cole, w ho lived at Northwest Bay. 
The disentanglement of these two names in the history 
of the town would be to a stranger a hopeless task, as 
both Colls and Coles were exceediugh- numerous, and 
the jironuuciation exactly the same. It is of the less 
importance to-day since there is not a single person in 
tow^n now bearing either name since the recent death 
of Hinkley Coil, who was the son of Levi Coll. Coil's 
Bay is often mis-spelled on the maps as "Cole's," the 
distinction being too tine for the average engraver to 
apprehend. In the county atlas it is OdcH's Bay, this 
name being sometimes heard, from a family who seem 
to luive lived at the bay in early times."-' 

*Jatues W. Coll had four children. Thomas went west, 
and lived iu Clevclaad. Ohio: I'olly niairicd WashiiiLjti»u 
Lee, of .Muritih: Eliuor married Israel Puttison. auci Isabe: 
married James If. Parnsuorth. All the deseeudauts oi' 
James W. Coll now living in WestpoM are childi'eii and 


:j-iMiKk'hiIdren of his cliinirhters Elinor and Isabel. The 
family uf Hinkley Coll is uow rc-]ireseijtt d by his dauohtcf 
Mibiii). who nuirried Adolbort Shi'i'inuii. and his ^--raiid- 
dau^djter Bessie Shermau. 

About 1810 Joseph Jenks came from Pleasaut A'^alley, 
\^l!ere he had se'ttled in 1804, coming tliore from Nine 
Tartners, Dutchess county, a phice \vell-kiiowD as a 
-trongliold of the Friends, or Quakers. The Jenks 
family held this serene and unwarlike faith, and had 
ronie to Dutchess county from Rhode Island. Joseph 
Jfiiks became a man of consideration in Pleasant Valley, 
was a}:ipointed Justice of the Peace and Assistant 
•ludiie of the Court of Common Pleas, March 27, 1805, 
and advanced to First Judge of tlie Court of CoDHuon 
PK-as April 6, 1811. He died at Northwest Pay in 1815, 
and was buried in the "south burying ground." His 
uift/s name was Habuah. His daughter ]Mary married 
Ira Her.dorson, who was born nnar Fort Ann, Washing- 
ton county, in 1791, and came to Northwest Bay from 
^\'hitehall before 1815. Their chihlren were : George, 
who married Clarissa Eichards, and went west l^efore 
the war ; Elvira, (Mrs. Andrews); Caroline, (Mrs. P.ig- 
alow, of Chicago); and ^lary Ann, wlio married William 
Pilchards, sou of "Cyrus Richards, and hfis always lived 
in West port. 

The children of William and Mary Ann Riehai'ds : 

L Henry H. nun'rieJ Clara Eusi^^ai. and had one s(iu. 

Freti. Alter the death of his tirst wife he married Hlecta 

lioynton. dauLditer ui J. S. lioyuton of Jay. 
1. Fred married Alice Sweatt. dau<:hler uf Fi-ankSweatt 

of Wad bams. He was accidentally thrown from a bug<j;y, 

reeeivinir i;.iaries frcni which he died. 

iV.s' nis'ninv or WKsrroirr 

;-i. Fi-aiK-<-s iii;iri-i(.".l Mont ford Weed, and Las two eh 
drerj. ifan-y and Doliy. 

4. Lillian mat-rit'd Alorritr Clark, and Las three dau^' 
tt-rs. Jessie, FU»rt'ii(;(\ and CorDelia. 

Cyrus l!icliav(la oaine from southern Vermout as -i 
youug man, and settled at Barber's Point, afterward 
Mjovin^u; t<:» Northwest Bay. He married IsabeHa Mae- 
Conley, sister of :\[rs. .James W. CoH. The MacCouleys 
were Scotch, and hved at Coil's Bay. One of the 
(hinij;ht(>rs married a McKenzie of Port Henry. 

The children of Cyrus Richards : 

William married .Mary Ann Fleuderson. Samautha mar- 
ried .ToLd If. Nichols.. Eiiza married Hezekiah Frisbie. soa 
of Levi. Mary married Ephraim Bradh.>y. Cyrus mar- 
ried, first. Mary Mclntyre, second. Julia Marsh. _ Cbaries 
was drowned in the lake when only a boy. Clarissa mar- 
ried Georije Henderson. Harton married Ahnira Xewell. 

Id 1810 oeciirred tlie survey <»f the Iron Ore Tract, 
called the ''Kellogg survey," rendered so difficult to 
the surveyors employed l)eeause of tlie variations in thw 
magnetic neeille caused by the attraction of the iron 
ore in the rocks and mountains. There is an interest- 
ing old map (jf this Tract, then lying in two townships, 
Moriah and Elizabethtown. The maj). now hanging in 
the village Library, gives us the (dd name of Nichols 
Pond', S[»ring Pond, iiulicatiug that the source of its 
water is to l)e found in a number of springs in the bot- 
tom. Other ])t)nds are shown where the latest survey 
sliows. only a marsh. Perhaps another hundred years 
of forest cutting will dry the surface of the earth so that 
we shall have no ponds left at all. Our Mullein Brook 
is called- "Bever Creek," as it is on Sauthier's ma]i of 
177'.). Tle-r.' uv 'I'.VV lots in this gront tract, and soni<> 


. f theia are marked with the uames of ouDers, in mauy 
r.vsi-s quite illegible. Six lots iu the eastern part are 
Marked "Stacy," ten lots "Noble," two "Douglass," one 
'■('. Hatch" and three "C. B. Hatch." "Essex Court 
House" stands at Pleasant Valley, and the roads all 
iLiu very much as they do to-day, with some small dif- 
ferences which are interesting as showing the trend of 
i :iily settlement. The maj* seems to have been used 
by the committee which divided the towns iu 1815, and 
it is probable that it once belonged to Squire Hatch. 

That there was a school-house at Northwest Bay be- 
ii>v*t ISll is proved by a receipt found among the pa- 
|H.-rs of Peter Ferris, which runs as follows : 

"Pveceived of John Ferris ten dollars in full for two 
Itiu'lits iu the school-house at Northwest Bay, which I 
authorize said Ferris to occupy or dispose of for his 
own proper use, as I myself could do. Witness my 
li.uitl, signed at Elizabethtown, this 10th day of Sep- 
t.'inber, ISll. 

Signed, Levi Cole. 

This John Ferris must have been the father of Peter 
Ferris, often called "Joliu Ferris, Jr.," to distinguish 
liim from his father, John A. Ferris. John Ferris, Jr. 
niarried the widou- of Rowland Nichols, whose maiden 
n;irue was Patience Cole, and who married Piowlaud 
Nichols Oct. 24, 1802, at Pittstown, Rensselaer county, 
as her wedding certificate attests. This briugs in a 
family of Coles entirely separate from the family of 
1^(1 ward Cole, ami whose names recurring in town and 
I'liuich rec(>r».ls ;nid to fhe confusion iu leuard to this 

■■^'■^o HISTORY OF \vi:srro}rr 

surname. 'JMie f.itlier oi Patience Cole seems to Lave 
been lieubeu, a sea captain who tvaded from New York 
to the West Inrlies, and whose quaint silver watch de- 
sceiv.led to Peter Ferris. There was a Calamus Qol-^i 
in this family, but in what relationshij. 1 cannot tell. I 
am also very much puzzled with the early Ferrises. 
There was a "Squire Ferris," and a Diadunia I'erris 
among the early members of the Baptist church, but 
I have not been able to connect them with any succeed- 
ing Ferris. No doubt there is some one in town who 
could disentangle all these threads and lay thetn out in 
perfect order, but I have not yet had the good fortune 
to ajipeal to the rigid one. 

One of the earliest settlers was Nathan Hammond, 
upon the western border of Skene's Patent, a littl^^ 
soutliwest of the Bay. The place is now occupied by 
Piusii Howard. Whence the Hamtnonds came, and in 
what year, 1 cannot tell, but it was certainly bet\n-e 1S09, 
and probably several years earlier. Nathan Hammond 
had two sons, Calvin and Gideon. Calvin married 
Wealthy Holcond), sister of Dr. Diadorus. Gideon 
was married three times, his first wife b.^ing Sallv Bar- 
ber, daughter of Hezekiah. Her children were Saman- 
tha, who married Dan Kent, and Huldah, who niarried 
a Oolburn. The name of the second wife I have not 
been able to discover, but her children were Cornelia, 
Charlotte, Sarah and Ptensselaer. The third wife wa-^ 
Naney Chandler and her children were Caroline, Mary 
Ann antl Jane. 

Cude*>n Hammond uas a [jromineut mm in his day 

lusroRY OF wsKTPoirr -jji 

-upt-rvisor, Member of Asseinbh', and the iiicniiibent 
<>' tu;iuy other public oliic'es. He was elected deacon of 
the Baptist church iu 1S17, aud filled that otRce until 
hi^ death iu IS-AG. He dealt largely iu lumber, sendinjj; 
<.iit ^'reat rafts to Canada aud later to New York. He 
aUo collected herds of cattle and drove theui to the 
Muith, sometimes takin,^ them as far as New York, fol- 
lu\vin;j; them on horseback or on foot, a journey of weeks. 
Ihese droves of cattle or siieep were a feature of the 
life before the raihoad came, every sunimer seeing the 
piissage of many of them through our streets. Mrs. 
Harriet Sheldon remembers her father, Hezekiah I'ar- 
Ix'r, ac-companying Gideon Hammond on one of these 
trips, rendered memorable by the red cashmere dress 
I rought back to the little girl from the great city. After 
tiie Deacon's death, the Hammonds led a large party of 
♦ luigrants to Iowa, then considered the far, far west. 

Another prominent family was that of the Holcomb.s. 
The name of Deacon Abner G. Plolcomb is first fouud 
in the church records in 1812. He came from Daii- 
hury, Connecticut, with his wife, Mindwell, aud accom- 
panied or fcjllowed by four children, Horace, \Yealthy, 
•b)nathan and Di;idoriis. Horace went west aud died 
in Ohio at the age of eighty-six, ^Yeal}hy married Cal- 
vin Hammoiul, and Jonathan, comnundy remembered 
as '"Uncle Jock," lived all the latter i)art of his life at 
iiasiu Harl)or. Of all the family, that tuie who seems 
t" h;ive had the most varied aud interesting career was 
I>iad»n-us. He was the fust ]>hysician at Northwest 
I5ay, and the (;nl\- one for \n:\\\\ vears. He and Dr. 

2-j-j, i!iST(H!y OF WEsrroirr 

Aiexaiiiler Morse of Pleasant ^'alloy i-oJe ()ver all th.- 
t-ouiitry from the njountains of Keeue to the lake shore, 
with their oliicial sarldle- bags, carrying help and lieal- 
iug to a people who often sorely needed both. No 0:1^ 
did better or more unselfish work in the pioneer davs 
than these oaily doctors, whose medical education was 
usually oljtained by reading in the otlice of some older 
pra(;titiouer. Dr. Holeomb was Surgeon's Mate in the 
87th regiment in the war of 1S12, and did good service 
at the battle of Plattsburgh, being afterward promo- 
ted Surgeon of his regiment. He was a Free Mason, 
and the mystic symbol of the order is cut upon his 
tombstone, whii-li also states that he was born in Con- 
necticut, Feb. 2, 1780, aud died in Westport, Sept. 'i-'), 
IS.59. He was ap{)ointed Justice (->f the Peace in 1811 
and iu 181-1, and in 1815 Assistant Judge of the Court of 
(^)mmon Ph^as. 

Diiulorus lk)K'omb's lii'st wife was Sybil Spalding', n:' 
Piintou. V't. After his niari'iai/e he moved to .Schrooti. 
and at the tirst town election there in 1804, was elected 
follectur. lie afterward moved to Northwest Bay. where 
his wife died, at the age of thirt\'-ODe, leavintj six littl-' 
children, Amos. Rebecca, Lueinda, Diadorus, Jr., and two 
little ^'irls who were twins, Maria aud Minerva. Tlic 
widower, married airain. a youiii,' widow who was the 
oldest daughter of Etios Lovelaud. Her name was Sylvia, 
and her tirst husband was Marcus floisin^'tou, by whuiii 
>ihf luid uue child. .Marcus, By Dr. Holeomb she bad four 
children. Wiliiam. Henry Harrisou, Franklin B. and Al- 
mira. After the death of hi* second wife Di-. Hi)li.-o!no 
married Harriet Sturtevant, grand-daughter of Gen. Dani-d 
Wrifjlit Tiie ten children ot Dr. Holcomij mafried as fol- 

1. Amos married thirriet Barber, dau;.'l:ter of Hezekiah. 

'i. Iv'i.u'cca inarri.'fl Sarm.:t.'l Cole, son ol E.lward. 

JflSTOin' OF WK ST PORT '22:i 

8, Lucinda married first a Ferris aad aftt-ru'ard Isaac- 

4. Diadurus. ,]i-., married twice, atid each time a Cole. 
Tho first wife was Koxy. daughter of Caleb Cole : the 
>ee<)ud was ^iaria Samautha, daughter of a Dr. Cole, not 
at all related to the Coles previously mentioned. 

.'). Maria married Harry J. Persons. 

W. ^lijjerva married William J. Cuttiu"-. 

7. William married an Everest. 

8. Fj-ankliu was in business in Westpurt for some years, 
but I cannot tind \vhom he married. 

l«. Henry Harrison married Aurilla. daui^hterof Darius 
Ferris. He was the last surviviu- of this family, dying iu 
VMYl. aged eighty -six. 

10. Almira mai-ried Warren Cole. 

Thougli Levi Frisbie came ^vitll Life brother-in-law, 
liezekiah 15arber, iu 17S5, and helped bim to clea*" tbe 
ground and build a shelter for bis family, be returued 
to Connecticut at tlie end of the season, and did not 
come to make a permanent settlement npim Bes.sboro 
until after tbe death of Hezekiah Barber in ISIO. He 
\'. as liere before 1812, and lived for a time in the house 
with bis sister, the original log cabin having been given 
up a comfortable frame house a Httle farther back 
from the lake. This house is completely gone at the 
j're.^ent writiny^ but one need not be very old to re- 
member it us the c^ue called ."the old Young house." 
•Irrusha, oldest daughter of Hezekiah Barber, married 
Alexander Young, and to her fell the house ;it Barber's 
I'oiut ; hence its name. Levi Frisbie built iiis own 
liouse, a log cabin, on the lake road, about half way be- 
tween the Point and Northwest Bay. His land lay in 
tlie extreme northwest corner of Bessboro, ami the road 
b'i>ni the Point ran along below the ledge, passing to 
tile east (»f his Iioum-. He had bt-eu a ca[)tain of mili- 


u I STORY OF ]V[:srroi:T 

tia in CoiUK.'ctiriit, ;i)j,l uiieu the war of lSl-2 Ijioko (,ut 
I'e u.j^ ai.1 (•o.unKii.kHl a- co.npanv ii, this b.un 
which di.l goo.l service, eq)ecially at the battle of 
riattshui-l,, where the gallant captain lost a l.u \t 
the tirst town electiun, in 1815, he was elected i^.,^^^,. 
ble and collector, ..tllces to which he was anuuaiiv 
elected for thirteen years. lulSin a new school dis- 
trict, was formed, and the "stone school house" built 
'iot far froui the captain's home. Now the cai,tain was 
a man accustomed to command, on the . battle-Mel,] nr 
m the neighborhood, and was perhaj^s sr,mewhat arbi- 
trary. At aiiy rate, there was a famous "school iK^n.e 
war ' over tlie new school house, and the storv will al- 
ways bo told of the wrath of Captain Frisbie 'when he 
was ont-voted in school meeting. The point of dispute 
J never learne.l. Perhaps he objected to ha^in- the 
windows put in so hi^h from the ground that no mor- 
tal child could ever see <nit of th.m unless he stood ..u 
t..p ot a desk. If so, I wish the captain nd^ht have 
J'=^^^ Ins way. Uuc he was worsted, and his ven.n>an... 
was a complete withdrawal from all school cH.tiict 
'natters from that tiui-. henceforth, and to him the stoi^e 
school house was as n tiling which had lu; existence, to 
the last day of his life. In the same vear, 1810, Cap- 
tain Frisbie and his wife were vervacthe in the form'- 
tion of the M.-tho.iist church, he being the first cla>s 
hader, and a tirm supporter of the c-hurch all' his lif... 
lu 1S4() he built him^a new housf, of the stone ..f thr 
neighborho.Kl, chousing a spot a little farther we.t th:ui 
Ins hrstlocatiMU \\y tiiis time the road l)elow th. 


letlj^e was not so uiuch used, and the highway ran as we 

now sec it. Eefoio the old captain could move into his 

new house he was taken sick and died. The new house 

was occupied by the family, and afterward Levi Fris- 

bie, third of the name, owned it, until a few years ago 

it was sold to Profossoi- Marks of Thiladelphia. 

The uame of Captaiu Frisbie's wife was Sally Johnson. 
When they came into town they broug-htwith thein a family 
of eit^ht children, and three more were born after they 
settled here. These are their names: 

1. Levi, hnvn IT'.U, died when a youDL,' man. 

2. Willard. b. 17V)8, married Aim Kuapp, half sister of 
Guy Stevens. Guy Frisbie of this place, is bis son. 

i>. Willimn, b. 1801, married Marv Peek; second, Mary 

4. Sally, b. ISO:!, mai-ried first, l^auiel Clark; second, 
Mr. Mtdntyre. Her daughter Harriet Clark married .\aron 
Clark, SOD of David. 

5. Andrew, b. 1805, married Sally Nichols. Three of 
their children with their families, are now liviug in town ; 
Henry, married Ruth Greeley; Catberiue. married George 
Pattisou; Miua. married Henry Warren. 

G. Anna, b. ISOT, married IJi.'hjannu Beers. 

7. Jerusha. b. 1809, married Reuben Nichols. 

S. Hezekiab, b. ISll, married Kliza Richards. 

it. Emeliue. b. 1813, married Dan Piatt Pond, whose 
father. Captain Jared Pund, was on the battle-tield of 
Plattsburgh with Captaiu Frisbie. 

10. Maria. b..l81o, married George C. Whitlock. 

11. Levi, b. 1818, married Julia Reed. Their children. 
William. Fred and Belle, (Mrs. Chai'Ies Sprague,) lived for 
year.s in Wcstj/ort. 

One of the earliest settlers was Tiuiotliy Sheldon, 
who bought his laud in the south part of Bessboro, and 
who now lies buried in the cemetery at Mullein brook. 
One of his sous was Otis Sheldon, and another sou was 
named after Piatt Rogers, who must have beeu carry- 
ing on ojierati^nis at liis ore beil ou tlie shore of the 


lake at aliout tho time that Timotliy Shclclon settled 
liere. The Willsboro Sheldons came from Dutchess 
couuty, and it is probable that Timothy Sheldon also 
came from down the Hudson. Piatt Rogers Sheldon 
M-as the father of Heury Sheldon. 

The Lows lived on the back road, on the farm now 
owned by Henry Sheldon. Tlie daughters were Sail}- 
and Clarissa, and the sons Wilson, Nelsou and John 
Hatch Low. The latter married Eliza, daughter of 
Ftoderick Eising. 

Joseph Fisher came in early, and built a mill on 
Mullein brook. His sou Charles had four daughters. 
Lillian, Cynthia (]Mrs. Samuel Root), Jerusha (Mrs. 
Mansfield Howard], and Sally (Mrs. Dorr Howard). 

Willard Snow was a boatman, and lived at Barber's 
Point in a log house on the shore, near the place whert- 
the lighthouse now stands. He ran the ferry for "the 
widow Barber" after her husband died, and in 1824 
moved to Canada. 

In the IirvtiJie of Nov. 24, 1S13, appears an advertise- 
ment signed Nathaniel Hinkley, in which he solicits 
patronage for a uew ferry boat just built, saying that he 
has "been to great expense to erect a suitable Whari"' 
about one hundred and fifty rods south of the old one 
"owned and kept by the Widow Barbe!." The slooj) 
"Hunter," N. Hinkley, cleared at the custom house in 

A large pr(j])ortiou of our earliest names are found in 
the highlands of the Black river CMintry. Jacob South- 
well was elected Assessor in 179:5, and lived on the 


Black river, his name being perpetuated by tlie forge ou 
tliat stream v.liieh bo i? said to have bought of Jonas 

Sylvanns Lobdell was the first clerk of the new town 
of Elizabethtowu, elected 1798, and was probably 
father of Bonton and of Captain John Lobdell. Bouton 
Lobdell lived for some time at Northwest Bay, and was 
tirst clerk of the ucv; town of AVestport, 1815. 

At the town meeting of 1798 Norman Newell was 
elected Assessor, and E. Newell school commissioner 
and one of the overseers of highways. In 1801 Ebe- 
nezer Newell was appointed Justice of the Peace. The 
Newells seem to have moved from Pleasant Valley to 
Northwest Bay, and later Elijah Newell kept ftu inn on 
the north side of the brook, on Pleasant street. 

The name of Joel Finney is first mentioned in the 
Baptist church book in 1807, and soon after the church 
was meeting at his house "at Northwest Bay." He 
seems afterward to have lived on Morgan's Patent, and 
was buried in the Black river cemetery. He was re- 
lated to Anna Finney, wife of Euos Loveland. 

Joseph Stacy owned large tracts of land along the 
upper course of the Stacy or Raymond brook, in the 
John Williams" patent and in the Iron Ore Tract, He 
had a mill on the brook, and his house stood where 
Abram and John Greeley lived for some time, the place 
now owned by Mr. Thomas Lee. 

The Nichols family went still deeper into the 
mountains for their home, settling at the place where 
the trail from Spring Pond comes out to the highway, 


oil the farm recently sola by Ed. McMahou to Tliouia> 
Lee. The pond has since been called Nichols pond be- 
cause tliey lived near it. In the Hoisiu^'ton cemetery 
an ancient stone records the death of Benjamin Nich- 
ols, aged 4G, died 1S17, and doubtless he was the pi- 

The nearest neighbors of the Nichols, a little to tht- 
south, \vere the Harpers, and Joseph Storrs, John 
Stringham and Abram Slougliter are all named as early 
settlers, living on Morgan's Patent. Elizabeth Slough- 
ter was buried in the Iloisiugtou cemetery in 1813. X\\ 
these names are found iu the old book of the Baptist 
chureli, and we know that when the Hammonds went 
to Iowa, sometime in the fifties, the Sloughttrs and tht- 
Nichols and the Stacys went with them, seeking a richer 
and a deeper soil than their forefathers had chosi-n 

This finishes my attempt at giving a list of the family 
names of people who lived iu Westport before the war 
of 1812. No one will expect me to perform any such 
historical feat as making the list absolutely exhaustive. 
These names, with an outline of the principal public 
events in tlie town, are enough to form a very inter- 
esting and suggestive picture of the begiunings of oar 
town life, which, in the mind of any one familiar witii 
its later years, will be tilled out with many vivid de- 
tails, irresistibly suggested. 

Two men who were never residents of our town have 
still had so strung an intiuence upon its history and it> 
fortunes thiit the sti.irv would m.t be complete witii- 


out nientioniiig them. One was ijxe. liev. Cyrus Com- I 

stock, the raissioiiarj preacher, aud the other was 
William Eay, editor of the first local newspaper which I 

.'ver recorded events in the town. Both men left an ' 

iiiipress upon the place far deeper than that made by I 

scores of the more commonplace peoj^le who had act- | 

ual residence upon the soil. 

It janst have been about tlie year ISll that "Father , ■ j 

Comstock" first saw these shores, perhaps coming into 
Essex county by way of Nortliwest Bay. He came as 
a missionary into a wild and untaught region, almost 
destitute of churches or of any form of religions in- 
struction, sent out by the Berkshire Missionary 
Society of Massachusetts to teach and to preach, and 
to establish churches of the form of New England Con- / 

gregationalism. In this work he spent the°remainder | 

of liis life, coming into the county a man of fortv-sii, ! 

and living to be eighty-eight. lie was born in theVest- 
ern part of Connecticut, a region from which the fami- 
lies of Barber, Frislup. Holcoml), Lovelaud and Wad- 
hams, the Nobles of Essex and the Lees of Lewis, as 
well as AYilliam Bay of Pleasant Valley, all came origi- 
nally. He found in the township of Elizabethtown two 
feeble little churches of the Baptist order, one at Pleas- 
ant Valley and one at Northwest Bav, with no regular 
preaching, holding their meetings at the houses of the 
few members or in school-houses. It would seem that 
the g.wd man rejoiced as much over this seed already 
sown as though he had been the gardener, and had 
scattered it by means of tho s<)und Congregational ser- 


mons -wliicli he carried in his own saddle-bags, as it is 
told that he preached to the Baptist congregations as 
often as he came, and was loved and looked up to, and 
called "Father Comstock" by them as much as by the 
Congregational churches which he founded in other 
places. There is a tradition, and we have little doubt 
that it is a true one, that he founded a church at the | 

Falls in 1813, but as no records are left, it is irapossi- I 

ble to know the true history of it. It is certain that he | 

often preached there and that the church established \ 

in 1827 owed its existence to his influence, and to tlie \ 

teaching which the people had heard for years from \ 

his lips. He made himself universally respected and ! 

loved, and had great reward iu that his name is never 
mentioned but with pride and afl'ection through all 
the region in which he lived and worked. When his 
gravestone was blown down iu a great gale, nearly fifty 
years after his death, there was at once a mcveaieutlo 
raise a subscription for a new one, since he left no 
children nor rehitives to perforin that duty. He it was 
who invented the "buckboard," long called the "Corn- 
stock wagon," and our older people delight to recall 
him as he jogged over the country in this conveyance. 
In the fall of 1809 came a remarkable man to settle 
in Pleasant Valley, choosing the stir and importance 
of the County seat as a place where a man of taleui 
might expect to prosper. He had had a most unusual 
and exciting career. Born in Sulisbuiy, Conn., his 
father had moved into Dutchess county. New York, and 
there William Hay began life as a school teacher, but 

insTORY OF WEsrroirr 231 

soon left tbis occupation to try his Land "in busi- 
ness." Failing uttei-ly, and driven Inird by his credi- 
tors, he enlisted in the navy as a common seaman on 
board the PA;7r/(/e/^)///V(, Captain Bainbridge, then bound 
for the Mediterranean. A midshipman ou the same 
ship was Thomas Macdonough, then twenty years of 
age. He too was destined afterward to see Lake 
Ciiamplaii]. . Arrived in the Mediterranean a Moorish 
prize was captured, and Midshipman Macdonough was 
put in charge of the prize and sent home with it, thus 
escaping the fate of those left onboard the Philadelphia, 
which ran ag?-ound in the harbor of Tripoli, October 
;^1, 1803, and was cajjtured with all on board. William 
Hay was thus a captive in Tripoli for nineteen months, 
aud upon his release an<i return to the United States 
he published a book relating the story of his captivity. 
To-day the record of such an experience, told as well 
as Wiiliam IJay told it, would sell in repeated editions, 
but "The Horrors of Slavery," published in Troy 
in ISOS, made Ibiy neither famous or wealthy, and 
the nest year we find him making a hazard of 
new fortunes in this northern region. He lived at 
Pleasant Valley for about three years, how, we. 
cannot tell, but evideutly not in prosperous circum- 
stances, as appears fr(;m the letters he was contin- 
ually writing to the Governor, begging for some ap- 
pointment. At that time the County Clerks were not 
elected, as they are now, but appointed, and William 
Kay urged his claims to thiit office with a persistency, 
n. clearne-,s aud vigor of statement, and a variety of ex- 


press;iou wliicli ^\•ou1d liavn made liis fortune as a tweu- 
tietli century newspaper reporter. He is immensely 
like Dickens' Micawber, with bis perennial poverty 
and his tremendous gifts for letter writing, but without 
Micawber's charming and irresponsilile hopefulness. 
"Sir," he writes to Governor Tompkins in 1811, "Every 
letter I write to yonr Excellency I make a sacritiee of 
my pride to the strong impulse I feel to communicate 
my sentiments. I am not unconscious. Sir, that too 
much familiarity between characters so widely discriuj- 
inated would be incompatible with the dignity of your 
superior station — of your exalted merits — I trust there- 
fore your Excellency will not attribute my correspond- 
ence to vain or ostentatious conceits ; but will indulge 
me with the innocent gratification of unburthening a 
mind oppressed with the weight of its own comparative 
unworthiness." Do otUce-seekers write to the Gover- 
nor like th;it nowadays V He makes many allusions to 
the men active in Essex county politics at that time, 
which makes his letters (discovered in the mass of 
Tompkins' Papers |)nrchased by the state in ISSo) verv 
interesting reading. He ujeutious Judge Joseph Jenks, 
who had not at that time moved to Northwest Bay, as 
one of his warmest friends and supporters. In April 
of 1812 he made his deepest mark upon our history. 
Writing to the Governor lie says : "Sir : I enclose you 
the first j)aper ever printed in this Count}". The pro- 
prietors have })laced mo at the liead iA its etlitorial ile- 
partmeut, associated with Ezra C. Gross, Esquire, a 
young genth-man of sound i»riuciples and excellent tal- 


euts." TLo uvAUQ of the papor was the Iirrri/le, a happy 
choice, especially in view of the impending war. Ray 
cannot have edited the paper very long, since he re- 
ceived an appointment in August as Brigade Quarter 
Master of the 3rd Brigade, and went to Plattsburgh, 
\\ here he remained six mouths. Then he left the coun- 
ty, and is known to have been at a number of different 
places in the next few years, being at last completely 
lont sight of. He publib*hed a volume of poems at Au- 
liurn in 1821. 

In 1811 he seems to have had an idea that Governor 
Tompkius was likely to visit Elizabethtown, or perhaps 
he assumed the fact as a kind of poetic license. He 
thus informs "His Excellency:" 

You'll cross the lake at Northwest Bay, 
Ei^^'ht tniles computed from this villui^e; 

The laud uneven, rough the way, 
The soil is good, but bad the Ullage. 

When the last emioeuce you rise, 

From log-built huts, aud shabby people, 

The object uext that stfikes your'eyes 

Will be, perhajis, the Court House steeple. 

From east to west a plaiu extends, 

I'roiu north to ^>outh a valley stretches, 

And through'the whole a streamlet bends, 
To feed with tish s(.'me hungry wretches. 

Xo Heliconian streams distil 

To give our ])oets inspiration. 
But whisky plenty from the still 

Seus all their brains in f('rmeutati'.)n. 

■j:i4 iiisroh'Y OF \y/:sTr(nrr 

No Delpbii,' oivi-lo is hvvt\ 

CoD^)Uudio^^ ti'iith witli nuuiy ii UbiA. 
But a plaira flei'j^ymaii .•siuerre. 

Our ouly oracie the IJibU-. 

This must liave Wx-'U EKlor Daniel Hascall, a i^iadu- 
ate of Middlc^luu-y colli'.i^e, wljo preaclied in the clmrch 
at Pleasant Valloy 1808 to LSio. Ray laughs at 
the local dij^uitaiies, "Jud^'es and Generals, all '^I'eat 
u]eij>" and adds, 

Here's lawyers most confouDdtnl '.vise, 

Pbysieiaus also very plfuty, 
One scarcely could believe his eyes 

To find a ^{ood one out of twenty. 

The nnml)er is evidently chosen to savo the rhyme, 
as there were in all pi'ohahilitv no more than two doc- 
tors in the township at this time, at least as permanent 

One copy of Ray's newspaper is still })rcsorved in 
Elizabethtown, showing' it to have been a very credita- 
ble pr<-)duction for the place and the time. Surely it 
must have received a welcome, at a time when n.ew> 
was so eagerly looL'ed for. And still no newspaper a*^ 
that period ever forestalled the intellij2;ence that came 
by moans of piivate letters or by word of mouth. In 
those duys if a friend left in one of the ohler state-.- 
wrote to any one in the new settlement of Elizabeth- 
town, his letter was mainly occupied with pnblic atl'aii-. 
elections, the proceedin^j^s of Con;.^ress, news received 
from over-seas by sailin;^ vessels, while information in 
regard to family matters would be left to be crowded in 
at the b-^toui of the last paL.^\ Indeed, these Ictt.'i- 

I! J STORY OF WKSTl'Oirr 2.V/) 

ofteu foimd tlieiv way into the local newspaper aiul no 
one considered details of things ^yhicll happened a 
month ago as at all out of place. No telegra^^h, no 
railroad, not even the stage-coach had yet penetrated 
<.ur woods, and all communication with the outside 
world was kept up by the man on horseback. Letter 
postage was high, sis cents for every thirty miles atone 
time, and ordinary people never expected more than 
one or two letters a year, which were as likely to come 
by the hand of some travelling friend as by the post- 
rider. Letters of the period are commonly endorsed 
at the bottom, "By the politeness of Mr. Blank," who 
carries the letter, maybe a long distance, as a friendly 
ofHce, knowing that he may require the same accom- 
modation in his turn. 

As a com})eusation for the slowness and dithculty of 
communication between distant parts, we must con- 
sider that in those days news by word of mouth was 
tiiuch more reliable than it is now, and depended upon 
much ujore extensively. Then, if a man heard a bit of 
news from a stranger whom he met at a ford in the 
forest, or at the door of an inn, he listened with the 
cl(»sest attention, learned it by heart, and then set otT 
as a matter of course to repeat it to his next door 
neighbor, who received it and repeated it in his turn. 
In this w;iy intelligence of wars and of Indian uprisings 
often travelled with incredible swiftness and aecurai-y, 
and in this wav, and for this reason, the American 
b.ickwoodsman came to be considered the embodiujent 
of inquisitiveness. Living a narrow and ujouotouc)US life, 

i^.>v; HISTORY OF WKsrroirr 

liis natmal ii)tol]i^.Mi',-e heiijij; ileuid] its pi'Djier aii^l 
rightful iDaiisijiueiit, ;it the s)<.;ht nf ;i str;U)ii;cr frotn 
the ()usi(.le WDi-kl h») U'W upon liiui as one fauiishel for 
iiiforrnation. This is one reason why the itiueraut 
jH'eacher was always welcouie, aiul why he iiii;j;ht choose 
iiis liust out of Jiis cou^reii;atii)ii. The famil\' with 
whom the preachnr sojourned were sure to hear uianv 1 
iufeiestin.L; things before li»' went awav, atul were en- | 
vied accordingly. Tiiis is one reason, too, wh3^so niany | 
of the early settlers are nientioneil as having "kept an | 
inn." Any <ine with a house lai'ge enough to contain \ 
a sj)are room, and a barn that would hoM an extra ] 
horse, was glad to take a stranger in, not only for the i 
meiuev for his lodging, l)ut for the pleasure that thr* i 
dullest story-teller could give in relating incidents of j 
his journey, with the hints which he had pickeil up of 
the doings of the great, far away world. 

Thus the UrvrlUc was sure of an ai)pfeciative public, 
though perhap.s of u<) great number of wealthy patrons. 
Its politics weic strongly Republican, that is, Anti- 
Federalist, supportin;^ the administration of ^tladis.^n 
and declaring in favor of the war. The tone of th'- 
])at»er may be taken as an indication of the prevailing 
st-utiment in regard to these thin^^s at the C(juuty seat. 
We tind fr<jm tlu^ letters of William Kay to the Gov- 
ernor that Joseph Jenks was an earnest Republican, 
while Coh.nel Ransom Noble of Essex is re- 
ferred to by him as "a bitter ^'uemv of the piest nt 
administration." However, after war had been actually 
declared, and the militi;' called out f.-r the defenc- '>f 

7/ IS TO in' OF WSi:TPi)RT 2:^7 

the froutier, there was no diffureuce o])served upon tlte 
battle field between Federalist and Eepnblicau, and it 
>een)S to be trne that the western shore stood as a unit, 
♦ iitirely divided from that New Euf,dand sentimeut 
wh.ich led to the proceedings of the Hartford Conven- 

When each number of the Reveille was printed, tlie 
copies were distributed to the subscribers by private 
carriers. Those for distant patrons, like General 
Wright, or Charles Hatch, Esq.,, were packed into sad- 
dle-bags and carried on horse-back. 

The touuship iu which William Kay published the 
Ui-veUle had a population of 1362, of which 741 were 
niales. Projioty was assessed at $108,450. There 
were four grist anils, seven saw mills, four forges, a 
carding machine and a distillery. The distillery was 
situated at Pleasant Valley, but a good proportion of 
the mills and forges must have stood upon the present 
territory of West[)ort, as we know that there were Bra- 
uian's Mills at the falls of the Boquet, Coil's Mills on 
luiymond brook, one or two on Mill brook, and a num- 
ber of mills and forges on our side of the Black river. 
The settlement at Northwest Bay when AVilliam Bay 
first saw it nuuibered ftb(~)ut twenty l)uildings, houses, 
mills and stores, the greater {tart of which lay on the 
south side of Mill brook. To this size the place had 
<,'rown in ten years' time, and such was its importance 
during tlie warof 1ST2. Its real significance isbetterun- 
dfiNtood by a kuowledu'e of the coumiercial condition of 
the tJieat v.illev in wliieii the little han)let lav. At the 

2 IS' lusTouY OF wi:srr()iiT 

Custom House, tlu- value of <'xports from the District 
of Chau-i])l:iiu for tlie two mmitlis of M;iv ami June. 
1811, (as ^'iveu in tiie P/(>ffsh>(r,jh Jltju/hHrrf,, f,,i- 
Maroh 31, 1000,) was s20r),914. These exports consist^.] 
maiuly of ]>ork, eider, eoi-u, butter, lavd, oandlos, 
leather, potasli and soao, all carrioil ou sailing vessels, 
bateaux and rafts. There were also quantities of tea, 
tobacc(-), and some manufactni-t'd goods whieli were 
making tlie long journey from New York or Albany to 
Canada, and we must remetnbar that this gives uo ac- 
count of smuggled gooils. During these two mouths 
forty-three rafts were c-leared, containing over a million 
cubic feet of pine timber, principally Norway, besiiles 
oak timber, spars, staves, ash o,us and walnut hand- 
spikes. One of th<\se I'afts, valued at $2, GOO, was sent 
out by Diadorus Hoh-cnnb, and we know at this time 
Gen. Daniel Wright sent rafts to Canada every suinmer. 
Those were the days \\ lieji notln'ng miu-e wonderful or 
adventurous could liai^pcn to any hny thin being al- 
lowed to go to ();i. d)ce on one of these rifts, carrying 
with him the s!v ins .;f the wild animals which he and 
his brothers had trapped and shot the winter before. 

And so we can see it all, the township covered with 
tlie dark forest, and here and theie all over it, except 
upon steep si'les of the mountains, log cabins staml- 
ing each .-ne scditarv in its own clearing, and the 
clearings comteet^'d bv rough trails. On the lake sliore 
two clusters of small low houses in the bays, with the 
cluujsy ferrv boat moore.l to its nule wharf at the point. 
Everywh.-r.' th.' rin- of ,i\evs and the crash of fallin- 


tirt's, sail boats always coiaJiiL'; and goinp;, the cuh-liuk 
with far away \vorkls, and tlieu tlie winter drift wliito 
«)Vt'r all, even the frozen lake. 

240 iiisTOiiv OF WF.srrujn' 

War pi' 18 IQ. 

AiK.l LOW upon this quiet scene falls a slowly cleei'etj- 
iug shallow of war. 8io;ns of the second struggle for 
inclepenilence were seen as early upon the Champlain 
frontier as in any part of the country. First came the 
Embargo of 1807, instantly defied by open and delib- 
erate smuggling across the Cauaila line, accompanied 
by majiy acts of lawlessness and violence. This is the 
most romantic period in all our history as a town, the 
})eriod in which the most stirring incidents of the latest 
novel of adventure might easily have happened. Smug- 
glers, pirates, revenue otiicers, .secret hiding places on 
lonely shores, costly njerchandise loaded by nigljt t;n 
pack horsc^s which were led by dangerous paths over 
the mountains into the interior, foreign emissaries close 
at hand, tempting loyalty with foreign gold, duelling 
still practiced among honorable gentlemen, — this was 
the background against which our ancestors moved. 
Scott's "Guy Manneriug" was not written then, but ht^' 
might have laid the scene of the story on Lake Chauj- 
plaiu with no loss of coloring. The buy who gives 
himself up to the spell of the Wizard of the North, and 
reads, em:hauted, — 

"Even at this dead h(nir of night there were lights 
moving upon the shore, probably occasioned by the 
unloading a smuggling lugger from the Isle of Man, 
which was lying in the bay. On the light from the 
sashed door of the house being observed, a hollo from 
the vessfi of 'Ware hawk 1 the glim !' alt^rmed 


those wjio were ou shore, rtiid the h'ghts iustaut!}- dis- 
;i})pcared," etc.,— uever thiuks, perhaps, that it all 
might have been written about Northwest Bay, ouly 
chaugiug the "lugger from the Isle of Mau" into a sloop 
from Canada, and translating the warning words into 
Cauadiau patois or Yankee dialect. Scott's Dutch 
skipper is Dirck Hatteraick, but surely we could match 
that name— what do you think of Teuuis Van Yiiet '? — 
and his vessel is the Yungframo Harjenslaapen, but that 
is not half so shuddery and piratical as the Black S»cd-e, 
which was the actual name of a smuggling craft on 
Lake Champlain in 1808. True stories are told of plots 
to kidnap revenue officers, and of rafts of lumber which 
went into Canada carrying armed men, behind bul- 
warks of logs, who defied the officers to oppose their 
passage across the line. Smuggled liquor and 
salt were seen in evtn'v country tavern and store, and 
we have no reason to believe that our town was sig- 
nalized by any excess of virtue in the matter of cus- 
toms duties. 

This state of things, together with the fact that in 
the event of war the northern frontier was the natural 
avenue of invasion for a Britit-li army, made imperative 
the action of government in sending Lieut. Melancthon 
Taylor Woolsey,* U. S. N., (about 1809, according to 

* The author has had to wiih no less than seven Melani.thons — four of them 
WooUeys and three of thtriii Sniiihs. There was a Melancthon Taylor Woolsey 
who was an officer in the old French war. His son. Gen. Mclanclhon Lloyd 
Woolsev, owned one of our original oalents. The son ol the latter, named after 
his irra.^dfiihcr, was Lieut. .M. T. Woolsey, U. S. N^., and a fourth of the same 
f.iinilv, MtUncthon Brooks Wo^lscy. whs in the na%v during: the Civil War. Then 
as for the Smiths, the first Judjjc .Mc!:incthon Smilli of the Revolutionary 

j7i> jfisTORY or WESrrORT 

Palmer,) to build two gunboats for the defence of the 
lake. Lieut. "Woolscy was the son of that Mehinctliou 
Llo3d Woolsey narue appears upon our old njap 
as owner of one of our original patents, and who was 
called Gen. Woolsey from his soi'vice iu this war. The 
gunboats were built at Basin Harbor, where was a 
well-tatted shii)-jard, perfectly sheltered in, the little 
circular "bay, witli its narrow entrance between high 
rocks.. We know that part of the niachitiery in this 
ship-yard belonged to government from the report of 
the Commissary of Military Stores of 180-1, which men- 
tions "one pair iron gin blocks, brass sheaves, found at 
Basin Harbour iu Vermont in possession of Mr. Rog- 
ers." Then the nest year's report mentions "two Ircm 
Jack screws iu possession of the assignees v)f Piatt Eog- 
ers ou Lake Champlain." The gunboats were large, 
lieav\-, open scows, of probal)]y no more than 40 tons, 
mounting each one gun. Ijieut. Woolsey's service 
throughout the war was ui)0u Lake Ontario, and iu 
]Srar<di of 1810 Lieut. Smith was placed in command 
of Lake Chami>lain. Lieut. Smith was also the son of 
a proprietor of land in Skene's Patent, his father being 
Judge Melancton Smith. He was a naval officer of 
ex])erience, having been 5th lieutenant on board the 

times, one of ihe ablest supfjoiters of Gov. Clinton in his opposition to Hamilton 
and the Federil CTonstitution. In "The Conqueror," by Gertrude Atl.erton, he is 
presented as the speaker most directly pitted against Hamilton himself at the ratt- 
t'caiion convention at Poiighkeepsie; "a clever and eloquen: orator— generous and 
manly enoujfh to adiiiil hi:nse!f beaten." One of his sons was Col. ^fela^cthon 
Smith of the Zijth ri. ijiincnt, U. S. A., who had a son of the same name who came 
to be H Rear AJnurul, (.'. S. .N'. Whe'-her the melancholy soq'.icr.ce could be fol- 
lowed farther, I ear'nol tcli. 

nisrijiiY OF wKsrroRT 


unfortunate Chvsaptohe at the time of her suirouder to 
the Biitish frinjate Leopanl, and si-ui]ig, with the other 
otlicers, fcjie letter which preferred cliarges against Cotn- 
moJore Barrou. He also made headquarters at Basiu 
Harbor, and there built two sloops, the Gvoichr ,xn(}i the 
K<>[lh\ eacli carryin.^ eleven gnn-^, and four more gun- 
boats. This squadron when completed held al)S(riute 
i-ontrol of the lake. 

Now all this building and fittin- out of war vessels 
cannot have gone on without appreciable effect upon 
the opposite shore. No lad of spirit can have failed to 
row across the lake and look upon the work of the ship- 
wrights and sailors from the seaboard, while it was a 
commercial godsend t<. all the coast. Nothing is more 
likely than that tin.bers failed upon our soil went into 
the construction of this tl,.et,^^ as well as into Macdon- 
ough's, and the naval officers came often to the inn at 
Northwest Bay. One man of undoubted military im- 
portance in our town at this tinio was Brigadier-Gen- 
eral DanielAViight, commander of all the militia forces 
^■f the three northeim coumties, receiving his appoint- 

*Arnold-s fleet of .775 also carried U.nb.rslurii^oTouT^o^I^Am^idTt^r 
imcntalrncmorandam book, written at Ti and Crown Point fro:. May ,0 to June 
»4. (printed ,n the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and B.o.raphy. Vol ^Z\ 
re n,ent.o„s sending boats to Rayn^ond's five different tinges, three ■u:;es fo 
boards for rep.ur,.^ B.rracUs." ouce f,.r "Ash for Oars and Trough, for 
Guns and once he writes. "Sent to R.v.ondS Mills for Timber and provison 
for Sk,ne's Negroes '■ One day he writes: -Senta Boat with Skens NeJo Ho 
d.;< ore. presumably from Skene's ore bed just below Crown Point where the 
negroes were accustomed to d,^ itcut and load .t on boats to be sent lo the fort 
t Skenesboro. In one of Arnold's letter, to Congress that summer he s . Z 
he can, from Skenesboro. The writer rcg.ets not having seen th.s reg - 
n,emtal memorandum book .n Ume for fuller u.e in this historv 



ment for tri«l .nili,,.,,. o„.olleoco. Ho was three veu-s 
It. the Eev„l„tion, fighti„g at Bunker Hill nn,l „t Sara- 
toga; and had come into fe.e. county with the rank of 
Lieutenant iu a Kew Hampshire regiment.* Soon after 
his arrival, he was commissioned 2nd Major of 
a regiment "wliereof Joseph Sheldon is Lf Col 
Commandant.'- then made 1st Major, then given the 
command of the regiment, and Feb. 11, 1811 was made 
Brigadier-General of the Militia of Essex. Clinton and 
rranklm counties. He was often seen riding down 
from Ins mountain farm to Xorthwest liav. a taU erect 
gray-haired man of fift.y-six. said to have "made a mosi 
.niposing figure on horsel>ack when in his uniform. He 
watched the naval preparations of Lieut. Smith with the 
deepest interest, and when the two men ean.e together 
as they sometimes must, at the inn of John Halstead' 
sitting of an evening in the bar-room perhaps, with thJ 
^ Uage worthies hstenin;, ,o iheii conversation, the talk 
of a man who had served under John Stark, and had 
.een the army of li„rgoy„„ advance unopposed the 
-tole length of the lake, with that of another who had 
.een the height of British aggression in the matter of 
impressment of American seamen in his service upon 
the 6/„*,/,c„fc and the /(>«/,. may well have been en- 

War was declared at Washington June IS, 181'> and 
Geu._«j.g|u got tl^ji^ews the -i'lth^eceiving his o'rdeis 

from Major Geiieral Mooers t)n tliat day. A fow days 
later caiue onleis direct from Gov. Tompkins, which we 
tiud iij the-Tompkius Papers, pa^je 3G0, as follows : 

Albany, Juuo 27, 1S12. 
Sut :— The detach meut (^f militia from your brigade 
is hei-eby ordered into service. The detaclimeut from 
tlie Essex regiments will rendezvous at such times and 
places as you may appoint. Such of them as can con- 
veniently jissemble at Elizabethtown, and may not be 
armed, will arm and equip themselves from the Arsenal 
at that ]>lace. They must supply themselves invaria- 
bly with blankets and with kna]isacks if they have them. 
Such equipments as they may possess will be taken 
with them, and if defective, they will be exchanged at 
the public arsenals. The contingent expenses of traus- 
jiorting the detachment from Essex to Plattsburgh will 
be defrayed by the bearer. Capt. Campbell, with whom 
you will please to make the necessary arrangements for 
that purpose. Major Noble will take the command of 
the detachment, and Dean Edsou, who is assigued as 
brigade quarter master, will also accompany the de- 
tachment to Plattsburgh. Major Noble will report him- 
.self on his arrival to Major General Mooers and receive 
his orders, Brigade (Quarter Master Edson will wait at 
Plattsburgh tlie arrival of instructions of Brigadier 
Gen. Micajah Pettit, of Washington county. The de- 
tachment from Clinton will rendezvous at Plattsburgh, 
and that from Frankh'n will rendezvous and remain at 
Maloue, in said county, until orders shall be received 
from Major Cbn. Mowers. The flattering accounts 


which I have received of vour military talents and of 
your active and zealous patriotism makes me rely v.-ith 
coufidence upon the earliest possible fulGllment of this 
order. I am, Sir, respectfully your ob't servant, 

Daniel D. ToMrKiNs. 
Brigadier General, Daniel Wright.* 

The "arsenal at Elizabethtowu" had been i)uilt vsithiu 
the year, at Pleasant Valley, upon the line of the new 
state road which there followed the valley of the Bo- 
quet. The final rendezvous of the troops was at Wills- 
boro, as we learn from brigade orders sent to Major 
Ransom Noble July 4. 

And so the war began. And as the message flew by a 

•Soon afterward the General's quill pen v/rote his first report to the Com.iiander 
ia Chief. 

EnzABrrKTOwN,July ii, iSi3. 

Sir :— I receiyed your Excellency's order of tlie 27th of June on the sth inst., 
directing me to direct the militia detached from the E--sex regiments to march to 
Plattsburgh. 1 sut>eied no delay. 1 iniiutdiatcly informed Major Noble that he 
WAS to march with thf troops to Plaltsburyh. He cheerfully received the order 
and proceeded on his way with his mea on the third day after I received your Ex -'s order. 

I likewise informed Brigade Quarter Master Edson that he was to repair with 
the troops, which order he obeyed. Your Excellency may rest assured that all 
and every order within my power will be strictly and punctually attended to. 

Suffer me to inform your Excellency that I have been flattering myself that there 
would some opportunity piesent to view that I could serve my country in some 
post of office that I could be of service to my country and receive some emolu- 
ments to myself, as I am not a man of foitune. I was three years in the late 
American Revolution, and have held seven diffcrtnt mihtary commissions in tlie 
militia and have been doing duty for twenty-eight years past, to the present mo- 

Should your Excellency think proper to rerriember me, I should gratefully ac- 
knowledge your Excellency's favor. 

I am, sir, with the highest respect, your Ob't Scrv't, 

To His Excellency, Daniel D. Tompkins. 

Vol. VU. page 4oi, Toi:ipkins, MSb., Stite Library. 

///sTO/n' OF Mi:sT]'(}irr 247 

wifeless tolej^rapliy from door to door throu^diout the 
towuslii]), "War is dechired ! the gov(>,rnor lias or- 
dered out the iuilitia!" the answering thought in every 
hearc was "Indians !" From this terror the frontiers- 
man was never freed until aftei- this war, in which the 
savages were em})loyed hy the British in many engage- 
lueDts. In the ilispatches which Gov. Tompkins sent 
out, ordering the militia <_;t' nortlieru New York to the 
front, he said, "I trust that wLen you reflect upon the 
indispensable nature of the service upon which the de- 
tachment is destined, the protection of our frontier 
brethren, their wives and children, from massacre bv 
savages, you and every other otHcer and good citizen 
will join heart and hand in forwarding ihe execution of 
this reciui.sition." 

Writing to Geu. Dearborn, he says : "The recruits at 
Plattsburgh are v.itliin fifty miles of two ti-ibes of Ca- 
nadian Indians. In case of an attack upon the fron- 
tiers, that portion of the United States Army would be 
as inetiicient and as unable to defend the inhabitants or 
themselves even as so many wiMiien." ^Villiam liav, 
writing one of his innumerable letters to the Governor, 
says: "Many people here are much alarmed at the un- 
armed situation of our militia on account of the hostility 
of the Indians." 

The frontier post was not now at Crown Point, as in 
the Revolution, but at Plattsburgh, and to that place 
cavalry, infantry and artillery were instantly ordered. 
(Jannon, ammunition, muskets, tents, pails, camp ket- 
tles, knaps.ieks, all the niunitions of war came down the 


lake, or along the eastern shore. Later m the war the 
maiu thoroughfare was by the state road through 
Schroon. June 26 the Governor wrote from Albany to 
Maj. John Mills, Washington county : "You will pro- 
ceed with the military stores and articles direct to 
Whitehall on Lake Champlain, from whence you will 
transport them, together with the cannon ball belong- 
ing to the State, lying at Whitehall, to Plattsburgh and 
Essex arsenals. If an immediate conveyance by water 
cannot be obtained, you will proceed b}' laud with the 
articles for Plattsburgh through Vermont to Burling- 
ton, and from thence send for Gun Boats and other ves- 
sels from Plattsburgh, or employ, them at Burlington, 
to transport the articles to Plattsburgh, and from the 
proper point on Vermont shore send across those for 
Elizabethtowu, Essex county." The "proper point on 
Vermont shore" must have been Basin Harbor, and 
every boat with an oar or sail in Northwest Bay must 
have been requisitioned for the transportation of this 
warlike freight. It is believed that our first wharf was 
built during this Mar, an(l it is probable that its neces- 
sity was first felt for unloading supplies for the Ar- 
senal at Pleasant Valley. Once on shore, the stores 
were put into carts and dragged over the rough mount- 
ain road to Pleasant Valley, crossing the Black at Mor- 
gan's Forge, now Meigsville, as the present turnpike 
route then la}- through undrained swamps. 

Gen. Wright's brigade, the -lOth, was then composed 
of four regiments, drawn from a large extent of thinly 
settled countrv. There was the GGth, Lt.-CoL Alrij 

iiiSTOh'Y OF wKsrroin' 249 

M.iiiLi, the HGth, Lt.-Col. TIios. Miller, the Otli, Lt.-Col. 
l'!ij:iii ]^»;irnes, and the 37th, Rausoni Noble Major 
Coiiunandant. In tlie 37tli were most, if not all, of the 
nu-n of our town. . . , , 

It is of course understood tliat although every able- 
Itodied male citizen between the ages of eighteen and 
forty-flve (with certain exceptions, like judges, mail car- 
riers, postmasters, etc.,) was at all times subject to mil- 
itary duty, still each brigade had its quota, that of the 
4()th being 300, and as naturally only the more willing 
ones were first enrolled, it was practically a volunteer 
ser\ice. There were no more than 150 men on our side 
of the Black river subject to militia duty, and of these 
not more than fifty, so far as I have been able to learn, 
were actually under military orders during the war. 
These, with the exception of a few among the older 
men who had seen service iti the devolution, were raw 
backwoodsmen, totally inexperienced in war, but nev- 
ertheless well able to handle the muskets which hung 
over every fireplace. The forest was fur from no 
mim's door, and wolf or panther might be seen any dav; 
therefore a boy could hardly grow up without learning 
to shoot, even thougii the New England training days 
au 1 musters may have beeu little observed in the settle- 
ment of the new town. Our military organization seem? 
to fall into two companies couimandeJ by Ca]"»t. Levi 
Frisbie and C'a}»t. Jesse Bra man, and a ciivalry 
<-(»m])any commaiuhMl by Capt. John Lobdell. There 
vere four dillVrent calls to service in the field during 
}\ut rwoyf.-ai>, of the wnr (the for .six months, the 


others for a few days each) to which some of our militia 
men respondeil. 

Sept. 12, 1812, Lieut. Thomas Macdouough wasgiveii 
command of the lake, and shortly afterward arrived at 
his post, as he tells in tlieso words : *'Aftor remaining 
a few months in Portland J was ordered by Mr. Madi- 
son to take eoi^mand of the vessels in Lako Champlaiu. 
Proceeded thither across the country tlnough the 
Notch of tho White Moi\ntains, partly on horseback, 
carrj'ing my bundle with my valise on behind, and a 
country lad oul}' in company to return with my horses. 
Arrived fatigued at Burlington on the lake, in aljout four 
days, and took command of the vessels." Macdouough 
was then twenty-nine years old, and had been in the 
navy since he was seventeen, leading a life full of ex- 
citement jvnd adventure in the West Indies and upon 
the Mediterranean. He remained upon the lake until 
winter closed in, and then wont to Middletown, Conn., 
where he v,'as married the first of December, and whero 
he stayed until the opening of navigation in the spriug. 
His task was the same as that of Arnold in 1775,— if he 
had a navy he build it himself. Carefully he had 
chosen the place for his navy yard. Op})osite the stt^ep 
clitl's (if the S[)lit rook rauge„a little north of the Nar- 
rows, Utter Creek tiows into the lake on the eastern 
side, a deep, smooth tlowiug stream, passing through 
level farm lauds with many a wind and turn. About 
four miles froui its mouth, at a place called the "P>ut-. 
tonwoods," Macdon(^ugh built his ships. The place 
was easilv accessible f(.^r stores brought ti'oni the south 


1)V laud or water, and safe from attack to a degree 
which no harbor on the lake shore conld afl'ord. The 
place was but ten miles from Northwest Bay by water, 
somewhat less if one lauded at Basin Harbor and went 
the rest of the way overland, and the scene there was 
one well worth the journey. Says llobinson, in his 
"Vermont," "a throng of ship carpenters were busy on 
the narrow the waterside ; the woods were noisy 
with the thud of axes, the crash of falling trees, and the 
liawling of teamsters; and the two furnaces were in full 
blast casting cannon shot for the fleet." The high 
fiaujework of gin and derrick replaced the trunks of 
ancient trees, with dangling ropes and blocks for foliage, 
and the picturesque unifornjs of the naval officers gave 
it all a character unlike anything seen before or since 
u{)on our shores. Perhaps William Ray, if he had not 
already diifted awny from Pleasant Valley on the cur- 
rent of his waiidering life, came out and crossed the. 
lake, aud looked upon the busy scenes with keen and 
understanding vision. He had hist seen Lieut. Mac- 
douough nine years before, as a midshipman on the 
deck of the PJiUmJi'lpliia in the Mediterranean sea, and 
many things had come to pass in the life of men and 
nations since then. A party of young people from the 
Bay visited the navy yard under the escort of Lieut. 
Piatt Bogers Halstead, who had just received in April 
his commissifiu as 3rd Lieutenant in the 29th U. S. In- 
fantry. Lieut. Halstead was just nineteen, still con- 
scious of the unwonted glory of his new uniforu), and 
perhaps also of the;jt he was the only man in 

'jr>2 HisroiiY OF WF.srrnirr 

lii^s town who had entereil tlio reguliU' stM'vice, and who}' tlid uot look to the iiiilitia olHcers for or- 
ders, but to his C(.'loi)el, Melauchton Smith, brother ot 
Lieut. Sidney Smith of the navy. The only names of 
others in the party which we kn<j\v are Maria Halstead, 
sister of the young lieutenant, and Mary Jenks, a girl 
of tifteeu who afterward married Ira Henderson ; it is 
tlirough thf hitter's relating the iucident to her daught»-r 
that its memory has been preserved. 

Such an excursion at tliat time was not witliout its 
spice of danger, as there were British gunboats astir 
upon the lake as soon as navigation opened. On the third 
of June Macdonough sent his two best ships, the <Tr<>>r- 
!(-/• and the Ea>jle, under the command of Lieut. Sidney 
Smith," to invite an engagement. Tiiey sailed away 
out of the mouth of the Creek and away to the north, 
but tin-}- never came back again. Oliasing the British 
gunbi>iits too eagerly, they wimt in pursuit of them into 
the Piicheiieu liver, and were then surrounded, and 
both sloops and men captured, after a sharp tight. 
The sloops were at once repaired and sent out against 
the Americans, under the names of the Flttvli and the 

♦President Roosevelt remarks, in "The Naval War of iSia," that this name "i^ 
a curious commentary on the close inter-rclationship of the two contestintr peo- 
ples." Lieut. Smith cannot have been narr.ed after the Kev. Sydney Smith of the 
Edinburi;h Review, as the latter was bat a boy of ten, and consequently not ye'. 
famous, when the forn\cr was born, and the identity of names seems to have been 
a pure coincidence. Prob.ibly the distin;;ui->hed Kngli.shinaa never heard of his 
American namesake, but the insolent piUronage with which he speaks of Decatur 
(in the famous review in which he asks, "In the four quarters of the globe, wtio 
reads an American book ?") su^j^esls that he would have had nothint: but a sneri 
lor our brave lieutenarit.ia his rni.^forti'.ne. 


CI, III,, and all that summer and the- next they were seen 
upon tlie lake, flaunting the British flag, while poor 
I.icut. Smith cursed the rashness which hud so early 
jiiit him outside the fight. The affair was especially 
lamentable in view of the comparatively defenceless 
conditioirof the lake until the time when 3Iacdonough 
should have his squadron in readiness. He was terri- 
My hampered by delays iu getting nien and stores from 
the seaboard, difliculties more tr^-iug to a commander 
than the fiercest engagement, and while he was still 
straining ever} nerve in i")reparatic*u the British invaded 
tlie state. 

It was upon Saturday, July 31, 1813, that meu on 
gallu]iing horses went through the town, waruing every 
militia man to rendezvous at the Valley the uext after- 
unoii, "there to wait further orders, as a party of Brit- 
ish troops have invaded the state and are making fur 
Plattsburgh." Then from Barbel's Point to the Black 
river, from Mullein brook to the Falls of the Boquet, 
everywhere the men sprang for their guns and powder 
herns, while the women packed cold Johnny-cake* and 
salt [)ovk into their knapsacks, and filled their canteens 
with rum. If ther*- were no bullets moulded there was 
ni) ti(ne to njelt the lead now, and sctmetimes an hour 
after the news was received the father of the family had 

*"Johnny-cake" was corn bread mixed hastily and baked ou a stnooth board 
which was tilted up before a bed of coals in the fire-place. The name is a ocxrup- 
tion of "journey-cake," since it was the only kind of bread which could be baked 
m camp, while one was on a journey through the woods. Brtud raised with yeast 
could not be baked in haste, since it needed a certain time to rise, and it was a 
d.ij's work to prepare the brick oven for a baking. 


kisseil theiii all urouiul ami was off, on foot or bor^ie 
back, to the londezvous. Fiolq the niouutaius of Keeue, 
from the valleys of Jay, from the hifjfhlantls of Lewis, 
from tlie terrified Like towns whose position was that 
of most imminent danger in case of a naval attack, the 
men and thoir otReers came flocking in, missiuj^ ac- 
couterments were supplied from the stores in the arse- 
nal, the- ranks or}staliz;ed into order at sharp words of 
command, and away they went alon^- the state road to the 
north. On Tuesday, k\\^. 3, Gen. Mooers wrote from 
Plattsburgh to the governor, "Gen. Wright's brigade 
arrived here yesterday with about four hundred troops.'* 
If our men left the Valley Sunday afternoon and 
reached Plattsburgh, forty miles away, on Monday, 
th.ey must have n:iarch6d all night. 

Arrived at Plattsburgh, they found the place in the 
Jiands of Col. John Murray of the British r(>gulars, who 
had landed on Sunday unojjposcd, with a force of 1-iOO 
men, and ^as burning and plundering at his own will. 
That this should have been so is one of the mystt^ries 
and one of the disgraces of the war but it hardh- 
belongs to us to discuss it here. When the British set 
sail again the Graick-r and Kdi/h-, under thoir new 
names, and much ashamed, it would seem, of the new 
colors they were forced to lly, went ou up the lake, 
threatened Burlington, and sailed away to the north 
unmolested.. Meanwhile our men went into camp outsiile 
Plattsburgh and ate what their wives and mot tiers had 
put into their knapsacks, and at the end of the five days 
for which th«'y had bet-n wnrued out most of tlieiu went 


hoijjc agaiu, withaut having fired a shot at the eneni}-. 
Tills was iu no \vise the fault of tlie soldiers, nor of 
(ien. Wright, who had shown such alacrity in getting 
to the front. A company of Essex county mili- 
tia remained at "Camp Platte" under the command of 
C\q)tain Luman Wadhams of Lewis until Nov. IS, when 
tlifv too went home, and nnlitarj' operations were 
closed for the winter. 

Gen Wright's staff at the beginning of the war cou- 
sisttid of Major Joseph Skinner, Brigade Major and In- 
s|H'ctor, and Capt. John Warford, Brigade Quarter 
Master, both Clinton county men, with Captain John 
(iould of Essex as Aid-de-Camp. The 2nd of March, 
1S14, the two Clinton county men were replaced by 
David B. McNeil of Essex as Brig.ide Major, and Wil- 
liam 1). Boss (also of Essex) as Quarter Master, while 
Capt. Gould was retained as Aid. At the same time 
Capt. Luman of Lewis was commissioned 
*itid Major of the 37tii regiment, and Diadorus Holcomb 
Surgeon's Mate, he having been Paymaster of the regi- 
ment since Mar. 22, 1809.* 

With the opening of spring Macdouough was eagerh' 

•Wadhams and McNeil were afterward residents of Westport. David Break- 
tnri ftje VIc.Veil had two grandfathers in the Old French War; one was Capt. 
A-chibald McNeil of Litchfield, Conn., and the other Lieut. James Breakearidge. 
u ho accompanied Major Philip Skene to England upon the diplomatic mission 
which riiadi.- the latter Governor of Crown Point and Ticonderoga. John McNeil, 
»r)n of Archibald, married .Mary, daujjhter of Lieut. Rreakenridge and was the 
father of David. His daughter Anne married Random Noble, Ojinnel of the 37th. 
A son of Geo. Wright's aid de-camp. John S. Gould, afterward attended school in 
West port, at the old Academy, and his daughter Cornelia married Henry R. Noble 
of klizabethtown. and was the mother of Charles H. Noble and of Mrs. Richard 
L. H-nJ of the same place, and of Dr. John Guuld -N'oble of New \'ork. 


at work a;^aiu upon the buildiLii: and fitting of his fleet. 
Savs liobiiisou : "The sap had scarcely be^uu to 
swell the forest buds wlieu Yer<jeuues, eight miles up 
stream, where the tirst fall bars Davigation, was astir 
with the building of other cr-rft for the Champlaiii 
navy. l''o)'ty days after the great oak which formed 
the keel oi the Saratoga had faileo from its stump, the 
vessel was afloat and ready for its guns."^ Several gun- 
boats were also built thoru, and early in May, their 
sappy timbers yet reeking with woodsy odors, the new 
craft dropped down the river to join the Heet at the 
Buttonwoods. The right bank of Otter Creek at its 
mouth is a rock-ribbed promontory, connected with the 
mainland except at high water by a narrow neck of 
low, alluvial soil. On the lake side of the point earth- 
works were thrcjiwn up, and moanted with several ])ieces 
of artillery for the defense of the entrance against au 
expected attempt of the enemy to'iestroy the American 

The attempt was made. May 14, lSl-1, and early on a 
Saturday morning. U'e will bt; precise about the da}- 
and the houi', since this was the one time in all this, 
war when actual fighting reached our waters. In the 
afternoon of the day before, (the 13thl there appeareil 

•Macdonotigh's Heet at the battle of Plattsbwr^h consisted of his Sag-ship, the 
Sarato^'a, 36 Gruns; the brijf £a^'U, Capt, Henlv, i] g-ans; the schooner T iconJe~ 
TOfrr, 17 guns, Lieut. Budd. The Ticondercga s-xi originally a small steamer, bu* 
her uwchinery was continually j^etting- out of crisr, and so she was schooner - 
ri^g-ed. Then there were six ^alic>s, the j4/;^», Zitrrrr'j, Borer, Nftlle, Vif^r 
and Centifiini*, each with two gruns, and four ^allevi, the Ludlo:-;, Wilmer, Alryn 
and ^a/Zart/, with one gun each. Some of the vt<seL- wer-; built at Ilssex, and 
taken into ll\e Creek to be fitted with their ii=.i:':c3'-5. 


otT the village of Essc-x, as Cten. Wright says in his offi- 
cial roport, a "British Flotilla cousistiug of Oue Brig 
i)f twenty guns, sii: Sloops and Schooners and ton Kow- 
gallics." The brig was the Ijinuet, Capt. Daniel Priag. 
Soniewhe'-e along the Willsboro shore a small boat had 
been seen — perhaps some peaceful fisherman who had 
not been warned that a British fleet was corning, per- 
impis some foolhardy boy with a youthful desire to see 
liow war-ships looh near by—and one of the row-gal- 
leys was sent in pursuit of it. The small boat very 
jn-udently made all speed into the mouth of the Boquet, 
and succeeded in escaping up the river. The soldiers 
landed at a farm house on the north side of the river, 
;iear the mouth, and plundered it, then rowed away to 
join the fleet, which, moving slowh" against a southerly 
wind, came to anchor for the night, about sunset, oiY 
Split Rock. 

Meanwhile we may imagine the excit^iment in Essex, 
where resided, as it happened, all the members of Gen. 
Wright's stati', as well as the Colonel of the 37th, the mi- 
litia regiment of the viciuity. Gen. Wright was G or 7 
miles away, putting in his crops, I suppose, upon the 
hillside farm, but his officers acted at once. "I resid- 
ing some distance from this village," he writes, "and 
not beiug promptly informed of the appearance of the 
enemy, Lt.-Cul. Nobles anticipated my wishes by or- 
dering out the Militia from a number of adjaceut 
towns." So once more the alarm went through AYills- 
boro, Lewis anil Elizabethtown, an«l once more the men 
rt'.-,p(>ndod to the call, Auotiier invasion, anrl this time. 


Hut forty miles twvay, but at their very doors. All 
th;it uiglit the militia came streaming in to Esses, Geu. 
Wrii^'lit f^alloping dowu the rocky road ou one of the 
farm hoises, }K'rhaps, with some of the men from the 
Bay clattering at his heels. All the Yermout shore 
was nj> in arms as well as ours by this time, ami 
liobiusoD tells how the militia oflicer came to- 
gether this same night, when the British fleet 
lay otf Split Bock, and were busy running bullets at 
Yergennes.^ At Essex groups of anxious men stood 
upon the shore and looked oil to the soutli where the 
lights of the hostile ships twinkled in the darkness. 
No lighthouse then stood above "the Split," but if the 
night was clear some shadowy outline of the ships was 
visible. As day began to dawn there was a stir of 
awakening upon the water, capstans creaked in re- 
sponse to words of command, the anchors of the fleet 
were raised, and it moved away to the south, confirm- 
ing what had long since been conjectured, that the ob- 
ject of the invasion was an attempt upon Macdonough's 
fleet then fittinj^ in Otter Creek. 

*The present Mrs. James A. Alien has told me o£ an incident often related by 
her grandfather, Captain John Winans of the steamer Vermont, which occurred 
some time during; this war. Fearful of an attack, he determined that his vessel 
should never fail into the hands of the British, and so laid a train to powder casks 
in the hold, and pave directions tliat at the word of command the train should be 
hred, and the Vermont, crew, British and all, if such should be the condition of 
affairs, blown out of the water together. One nig^ht a boat was suen approaching 
in the darkness, and the word went round for all handi to be ready, but just in the 
Dick of tune the newcomers were discovered to be of their own partv, and the pow- 
der was not fired. So desperate a resource was not likely to be thought of except 
in a time of imminent danger, like this night when the British fleet lay off Split 
Rock, and all the coast was awake ani alive with terror and resolution. 


Tho works at fhe mouth of the Ottev were defended 
by Capt. Thornton of the artillery ftiid Lieut. Cassiii of 
the navy. The British sailed tt> within two miles of 
the works, and then eight of the row-galleys "and a 
boDil) ket<;h" moved up and made an attack with can^ 
non, bomb and musketry, which was repelled with much 
spirit, the Americans having one gun dishionnted and 
tw(. men slightly v;ounded, whik: the galleys suffered 
considerable damage, and soon drew off. All this was 
in full sight of Northv,est Bay, and only six miles away 
across the water, so that if any one there had slept that 
night, they were awakened by the roar of cannon ech' 
oed back from the steep niountain cliff opposite the 
little fort, (which we now call Fort Cassiu,) while all 
the rocky sides of the Split Bock range roared in an- 
swer. I suppose the people at the Bay listened and 
looked, and ran about hiding their treasures, and tried 
to plan what they would do if the Britisii came into the 
l)Hy and firexl upon tlie village. There is a tradition 
about the family silver at Basin Harbor being buried 
under a rosebush in the garden— with the ro.-:ebush, or 
its lineal desjcendant, shown in confirmation,— which 
1 have always heard referred to the time of the battle 
of l^luttsburgh, but it is really much more likely to have 
happened at this time, when the noise of battle was 
only four miles away instead of forty. 

The British turned again to the north, and the watch- 
ers ui)on every i^eadland of the lake sent the swift news 
inland that there would be no great battle between the 
jh-'-'t>. that d.iy. At uoou the king's ships came to off 

200 iiisTony OF wKSTPoirr 

llie vilhige of Ess(^x, ami "the Comiuodure," says Geii. 
"Wright, "dispatched an otticer with a flag dcmamliug 
the sim-ender of a small sloop belougiiig to Mr. Win. 
D. Ross Avhicli had been launched two days previous, 
but which had foi'tniiately been conveyed to the south- 
ward of the Fort at Otter Creek."' ^Ve wonder how 
Capt. Pring can have kuowu anything about this «loop, 
but it seems that the mast and spars had been left ly- 
ing upon the beach, and naturally suggested a hull to 
which they might belong." The sloop must have been 
hiddeii in Karn liock bay, Rock Harbor or Partridge 
lliirbor, the latter being by far the best hiding-place. 
The owner of the sloop, by the way, was the sou of 
our Eli'/abeth, after whom Bessboro was named. 

Meanwhile the militia were drawn up about a mile 
back fr(Mn the village in a }iositif:)ii to command every 
niovement of the enemy. "About three o'clock" says 
Gen. Wright's report, "three of the Enemy's lvi>w gal- 
lies passsed U[) the river Roqnett and landed at the 
falls, where after demanding the public prc^perty (whicii 
had been timely convoyed to a distance) and learning 
that the Militia were in force a few miles distant ami 

•Here is doubtless the germ of the legend still told in our town of ships hidden 
en North Shore, soiiieliraes referred to the time of Arn< Id's batile with Carle- 
tond, and sometimes to this war. The writer has been in the habit of telling 
ti-.e story with no less than two frijjates, fall rigged, always hidden away in Par- 
tridge Harbor, the tall niasta being made invisible by green branches lashed upon 
then. After I one day observed a "laker" lymg inside the h.irbur, with her in ists 
rot reachinif the tops of the trees on the promontory wiiich hides the ha bor from 
the lake, I omitted the branches as unnecessary, addin>r a carronade to the tpir 
deck of one of the frigates and an interesting middy to the crew of the other to 
makeup for the loss. And now { am S ecome a drudging historian, imcklvac- 
tt-pting this one sinali sloop, with no mists at all, since she was just launched, in 
place of all brave fiction I 


■wore ou the iiuiich to iuterce})t their retreat, they pre- 
<'i[>itatelj embarktd in their boats and ruade for the 
Lake. Ou ascertaiuiug that the euemy were shaping 
tl)(.'ir course towards the mouth of the river Lt.-Col. 
Nobles directed his march towards that poiut, and I 
approving of his plan of operation, I directed him to 
cross tlie wood and post his men ou the bank of the 
riivor, \\ Inch was dune with the greatest promptness, 
iu time to arrest the progress of the enemy's gallies, the 
crew of which were so disabled as to oblige them to 
hoist a flag of distress, when a sloop came to their as- 
sistance and towed her oil'." The Americans had two 
men slightly wounded. Their position during the fight 
was extremely favorable, liriug upon the boats from the 
toj) of the river bank, which is high an steep near the 
month of the Boquet. The guns in the galley could 
not be pointed high enough to reach tl)em, most of the 
catjuon balls striking the bank. The report concludes: 
**I hope and expect that Commodore Macdouough will 
in the course of a few day?j be able to assume the com- 
mand of the Lake, which will relieve the anxiety of the 
inhabitants residing on its borders."^ 

The next day Macdonough's squadron sailed out from 

•It was not until this report was found among the papers of Governor Tomp- 
kins and published by the Essex County Republican in iSgfi, this and other docu- 
ments bein^ furnished by Hciav Harmon Xoble, thcit the details of this enga^e- 
nunt were known to the present generation. The account given in Watson's 
History of Kssex County, published iN'tj, shows the absence of such definite in- 
formation as we nov.- por.sess. He refers the incident to the year 1813, greatly un- 
derestimates the force of the British, and adds that they "retired after a slight 
bkirinish with a body of Militia under General Wadhajns." Mr. Watson was 
wrifine souie fifty yc;trs after th« eveol, and did not stop to refiect— possibly did 
/lol know — that Ur'adia inis w:is not a durjuc the war of iSii, nor for a 


the tranquil (Jtter into the Narrows atid aM'.iy to the 
north, the fioek of white sails watched breathlessly from 
Nortliwest Bay aud Barber's Point and from many a 
highland farm that commanded a view of the lake. At 
Basin Harbor, where officers and men had become fa- 
miliar visitants, with some fricndsliips formed which 
were never broken, the event was of stirrin;^ moment. 
AH that summer Macdonough cruised upon the lake, 
drilling his men, stieugthening his crews by the ad- 
dition of salt water sailors of experience, and showing 
no fondness for the boatmen of the lake, as military 
material. I never heard of one of our boatmen as 
lighting on Macdouougli's fleet, which seems a little 
curious at first. And all the summer our people saw- 
soldiers and supplies passing down the lake toward 
the frontier, until in September the decisive battle was 

It must Imve been the last day of August that Gen. 
Izard with an army of four thousand troops came 
marching along the new state road southward through 
Pleasant Valley, ordered from Plattsburgh to the Niagara 
fr(.ntier. Scarcely had the tramp and the niusic of the 
ranks died away in the distance when niouuted officers 
came riding in hot haste by the same road, aud by 
every by-way of the whole town, with orders warning 

number of years afterward, but 2nd Major in the 37th regiment of which Ransom 
Noblr was atthe time nieut.-Col. Conimandaot, he, with every other man in the 
field that day, bein^ under the direct command of Briijadier-General Daniel 
Wright. The General says in his report, *'Jt would be invidious to distinguish 
particular orticers and soldiers who acted in this encounter. With pleasure I can 
ussure you that every enjjaged co.^ducted himself with the cool deliberatior. 
o£ a veteran." 


out the militia to repel a British invasion from the north. 
Gen. Wri^'htj at home ou his farm on the rugged slope 
of the Split Rock mountains, received his division or- 
ders by the hand of a horseman, one of his own statl', 
from Essex, to whom thev had been brought by horse 
or boat from Plattsburgh, We can imagine the old 
general standing iu the road and listening to the sound 
of horse's hoofs coming nearer and nearer over the 
rough and uneven road, until the horse burst out of the 
forest into the clearing, and the headlong rider drops a 
paper into the general's hand. It was endorsed on the 
outside "Express, Will Major McNeil or John Gould, 
Aide, at Essex, see that this order is delivered immedi- 
ately," Opening it, he read ; 

"Division Okdeks, Plattsburgh, August 31, 1S14. 

Brig. Gen. Daniel Wright will assemble immediately 
the whole of the Militia under his command in t!ie 
I'ouuty of Essex and march directly to Plattsburgh to 
repel an invasion of the State of New York. 

Com})anies as fast as they assemble will march to 
this place or to some place of rendezvous iu the vicin- 
ity thereof, without v.aiting for others, those near the 
arsenal will supply themselves vvith arms from thence 
which the commisary is hereby directed to issue. 
Others wjll be furnished when they arrive here. 
Py order of Major Gen, 

Benjamin Mooers. 

R H, Walworth, Aid-de-Camp." 

And so it had come. The fourteen thousand British 
tioop.>, many of them veterans of European wars, gatli- 

264 mSTORY OF WIlSTroRr 

ered upon the Cunacli;ui fiuiitier, had adually iuvadeil 
the State, while tlie main bod}' of our own army was 
tliat moment marcliinj::; away to tlie sontii under Iz;ird. 
Gen. Wright's mind mnst have o;onc back thirty-five 
years to tlie time M'heu he, a yonno; fellow of twenty- 
one in a New. Hampshire regiment, sav/ Burgoyne's 
splendid coiniucriug army come sailing up the lake to 
Ticouderogci, with its banners and music and parks of 
artillery, the emblem of pride and confidence, driving 
St. Clair from his entrenchments by the sheer power 
of what it was able to do. He had gone with the 
American army in its humiliating retreat, and such 
things are not forgotten. l>at he had seen, too, the sur- 
render at Saratoga, and neither was that forgotten. So he 
turned and went into the house and told the family that 
he had got his orders, and his wife Patience and his 
daughter Jerusha cried a little as they helped him into 
his uniform and buckled on his sword and bruslied his 
cocked hat and filled the llask which is still cherished 
by a great-grand-daughter. Then he mounted his sad- 
dle-horse, which a little grandson had been sent to catch 
up out of the pasture, and rode away out of tlieir sight. 
It is to be hoped that his son-in-law, Elias Sturtevant, 
felt it his duty to stay for the protection of the women 
and chiKlren on that lonely farm, and let his musket 
and powder horn hang peacefully over the fi'eplace, 
except when wolf or bear slioweil itsi^lf too near the 

Geu. Wright's brigade, the 4th, in Maj. Gen. ]Mooers' 
division, consisted at this time of three- regiments, tht? 


'.)tli, Lt.-Col. Maitiu Joiner, the STtli, Lt.-Col. liaiisom 
Xoble, and ^lajor Pieuben Sanford'f; independent oi' un- 
re^^iwented battalion wliicb bad been set off from the 9th. 
In the o7th, as we have seen, were most of our militia 
men, in the companies of Oa])t. Levi Frisbie and Capt. 
Jesse Braman, with some in the cavalry company of 
Cnpt Jolm Lobdell. It is told that when Capt. Bra- 
man's company gathered at the Falls, early one moru- 
in^7, ready to start for Plattsburgh, he gave tliem all 
breakfast at liis own expense. Maj. Wadhams was also 
in the 37th. 

On Friday, Sept. 2nd, the first detachment marched 
away, for many of the men the third time they had march- 
ed to Plattsburgh. The next Tuesday came the first act- 
ual fighting, early iu tlie morning of the Gth. Mooers 
had taken them across the river to meet a column of 
l^ritish troops which Avas moving upon Plattsburgh, not 
with the intention of giving battle, but, as ho says, "to 
check and thwart his movements," and also, (which he 
does not say) glad to try the mettle of his green troops, 
the men who had left farms, mill and forges a few days 
before, carrying flint- lock muskets which had never been 
leveled at anything but the wild beasts that threatened 
the farmer's sheep. There was some sharp fighting as 
the militia retired to the river, and ^Mooers says, "Some 
part of the ujilitia behaved on this occasion, as well as 
since, with the greatest gallantry, and were not sur- 
passed in courage and usefulness by the regulars on 
that day." And he was also obliged to remark, "There 
was a ['ortiou of the militia that could not be rallied, 

2(;n lUSTdRY OF WF-STroliT 

fijiil s(>uio of tilt-so retii-LH,] iinmodiHtoly to their li(»!ii«r«:>/' 
— thut is, rail at the first luo, ami never stu|>peJ rnii- 
Jiiug until the}' rHjiohed a phice wliich they oousiileretl 

The ilivy of the Battle of riattsbiu;i^li fell upoD Sun- 
da}', Sei)t. i}, 1814. The day before, as it liappened, 
was the one appointed for the regular "church aud cov- 
luiut uieetiug" (which all Baptists are accustomed to 
hold upon Saturdays, iu prejuiration f(»r the commun- 
ion service the uext day) at ^Northwest Bay, and you 
nuiy read to-day upon the worn and yelloweil pages of 
the old church hook,— 

"Sept. 10. Usual time for holding Church meeting, 
but on the acct'unt of an Alaram it was omitted." The 
"Alaram" was the news that the British tieet had ap- 
peared below Plattsburgh, and that a battle was immi- 
nent. The euitry mast have been made later, as the 
clerk of tlie church, Tillinghast Cole, is believed to 
have marched with his comijany to tight tlie'iiext day. 
Deacon A.bner Holcouib, t'5>, wh(i was wont to lead 
the meetings, was in th^ service nujre or less 
throughfiut the' war, althongh he must have been an 
exempt by reascui of his age." And so at North we.->t 

♦On the Thursday before this the members of a Congregational church at Fair- 
field had a similar meeting-. Their minister, the Rev. Benjamin Woosttr, 
had been a soldier in the Revolution, and a warlike spirit being discovered 
among his church members, u company was formed then and there, with the Rev. 
Benjamin as Captain. They crossed the lake, and on Sunday aided the niiii'.ii 
under Gen. Stron.^ in the final repulse of the Hntish across the ford. Gov. Temp- 
kins afterward presented the valiant volunteer captain with a b.rge faraily Bible 
in recosnitioa of his peculiar services. On the morning of the battle, the Friends 
(or (Jiiakers) of <>,-inJ 1-le attempted to Jiold their rei;uLir Kirst Day meeting:, but 
were obliijcd to [;ive il up, as the proper st.ite of mind couUl nut be raaintaiced 


Bay there was no quiet Sunday cratliering iu the little 
-^I'liool house, but terror and suspense iu every home as 
tiie souud of furious caunonadiuj^-, ten times as heav}- 
;is auythiuf^ heard in the week prertediu^, was borue 
distinctly up the lake, beginning between eight and 
nine o'clock in the morning and continuing two hours 
uud a half. Then it all stopped, and not for days was 
r-Ttiiitj news ]'eceived of the issue of the fight. Hauuali 
Hardy at the Falls used to tell her grandchildren how 
tlie women listening at home fancied sometimes that the 
boom of cannon was coming nearer, as though tlie 
]:'»ritis!i were approaching up the lake. 

Meanwhile the men were taking part in one of the 
buttles of history, so far as the naval battle is cou- 
cei ued, althougli the engagement upon the land scarcely 
rises above the importance of a skirmish. The hostile 
fleets met in Plattsburgh bay on a beautiful, placid 
September morning, with the blue lake only rippled by 
a gt^ntle breeze from the south, and a few wiiite clouds 
rioutiu'T in a bh^?, sunshin\' skv. Commodore Dowuie 
had his flagship, the Cuiijiance, 30 guns, the Limnf, 16 
guns, the CJixhh, 11 guns, and the Finch, 11 guns, with 
twilve gunboats managed b}- sweeps. Commodore 
Macdouough had his liag-ship the Scratoya, 20 guns, 

whi.c Ihc cannon fire bclwcen' the licet- w;is going on outbidc helow ilmr very 
wmJows. 'I he next year John Conuy, a Friend preacher, rame all the way from 
k'ennsylvania to visit the Friends in this reg'ion, and wrote one day in his diary, 
'1 r.aJ a meeting at Friends' nicetintf house on the west side of the Island, and 
nearly opposite where a bloody battle was fouijht on the lake, about a year ago, 
during meetini; time. It must have b^cu an awtul shocking scene I" He also 
wiote, "In passintr throuji^h Plattsburgh, the ravages ot the battle on the lake were 
p..i:r,:y visible " 

'JGs rnsTom' of \vi:sri'()RT 

the Knijh:^ 20 j^'iujs, the T'i('(,iiili!r<>(j(i, 17 ^uus, :ui(l tho 
Frt-hlf, 7 i^mi.s, with ten guuhouts. Thoy t'oai:;;ht for 
over two hours, and when the British had lost one-tit'tli 
of their lueii, Coiiimodore Dowuie ami a number of liis 
orticers bi>iiig among the first slain, with scarcely a 
mast left on any vessel sound enough to raise a sail 
upon, the Britisli colors struck to the stars and stripes, 
and a great shout of victory went up from the Amer- 
ican sailors."^ 

- As Downie's tieet opened the u[)on Mac(h)nougirs, 
the ]>ritish land forces under Sir George Prevost ad- 
vanced to the attack of the American position. Gen. 
^Macomb w ith his 1500 regulars occupied strtmg f'ntiti- 
c;atiotis on the south bank of the Saranac, between the 
river and the lake. In the Central and most imp jrtant 
redoubt. Fort Moreau, was the 20th regiment, Col. 
Melancthon Smith, in which Piatt Pi. Halstead was ^ud 
Lieuttaiant. The troo}>s lined llio para]»et in double 
ranks awaitiug the attack of t!je enemy, but as the 
]jritisL\^ever crossed the river, the fighting was all 
donf» at long range with the artillery. 
The enemy attempted tlie passage of the Saranac by 

♦Palmer quotes tlic remark of a British marint to the effect that the battle oi 
Trafalgar was "but a ttea bite" to the battle of Plattsburgh. When one consiilers 
that at Trafalgar forty f.tjhting ships on one side an! thirty on the other, some of 
them carrying more jjiins than did Maccionoiii^h's whole tleet, fought two bv two. 
with guns almost month to mouth, the Victory, which earned a hundred guns, 
completely crippling the gigantic Bueentaur with one broadside in two minutes, 
the compariion is seen to be quite absurd. It can only be explained on the theory 
that the British s.iiior was, for some reason, not so much in the thick of the fight 
af Trafalgai as he v/as at Plaltsburgh. since it is v/ell known that one cannon ball 
coining directly your way is a mare interesting object than a thous:ind which seem 
more likely to bt- inj-t by some other fellow. 

in ST our OF wsKTj'o/rr 209 

tv,o bridges in the-village' and by a foid three miles up 
the river. The ruilitia under Gen. Mooers, i\bout 700 
in number, were entrusted with the defense of this ford, 
and here was Gen. Wright with his brigade. Gen. 
^looers, says in his report to the Commander in Cliief,. 
"On the morning of the 11th the action began with tlie 
tl^'et, the enemy at the same time opening all his batter- 
ies upon our forts. About an hour afterwards the enemy 
presented themselves in considerable force to effect a 
])assage of the Saranac at a fordable place, one of my 
cantonment, where the Essex militia and some few de- 
tached volunteers were posted. In disputing the pas- 
sage of the river a sharp contest ensued. The militia 
under the command of Majors Sanford and Wadharas, 
two excellent otHcers, stood their ground during a num- 
V>er of well-directed fires, and until the enemy had 
eftncted the passage of the river and ascended the bank, 
when a retreat was ordered and effected in good order 
before a force evidently far superior, carefully improv- 
ing every gol-^position to continue our tire upon them." 
They fell back to a small battery about two miles from 
the ford, a?id there matle a stand, and with the help of 
tliH guns stop]"»ed the enemy's advance. At this point 
a man on horseback was seen galloping up, waving his 
hat. It was Major Walworth, one of Gen. Mooers' 
staff, who had been sent to the shore of the lake to 
watch the naval battle and report its ju'ogress. The 
waving hat meant "Victory !" and so the quick-witted 
Yankee men understood it. They ]M'essetl upon the 
ejifiuy with exuhaiit .cheer.-s, anil a large bod\- of Ver- 


moiit vohiutticvs nniler Gen.' Stri>ng havinf^' eoine a[. 
tlioy (.1 rove the British back across the river witli con- 
siderable loss. Tliat night, under cover of darkness 
and storm, tlie British retreated — "decamped very sud- 
.den and unexpected," says Mooers,— Icaviijg their 
wounded and their stores biliind them.* 

In Gen. Mooers* report wo find "Majors Eeuben San- 
fttrd and LunianWadhams mentioned above are enti- 
tled to notice for their gallantry and good conduct, as 
also Brigade Major David B. McNeil and Brigade 
Quarter Master Wm. D. Boss for their activity and at- 
tention in the line of their duties." Major Reaben 
Sauford lived in Wilmington and conducted a hirge 
business there. His grand-son, Henry Chiy Avery, was 
for many years a merchant at Wadhams ]\rills, and his 
great-grandson, Harry Avery, is now a young lawyer 
in New York. Majors Wadhams and McNeil afterward 
became residents of ^''estport, the former becoming 
prominent in the town life, and rising to the rank of 
General. William Daniel Ross dealt in lumber, iron 
and ship-buiKling in Essex ; his wife was a sister of 
Oa-^.t. John Gould, Aid on Gen. Wright's stafi; and his 
l)rother, Henry H. Boss, (afterward Gen. Ross,) was 
adjutant of the 87tli at the battle of Plattsbnrgh. The 
militia were disbanded immediately after the battle, 

•Readers of Mrs. Catherwood's charming romance of "Lazarre" will be pleased 
to recall that tlie real Eleazar Vt'illiams, whether or no he was the rightful King 
of France, was certainly present at the battle of Plattiburgh and was wounded in 
his riffht side. Perhaps our Dr. Diadorus may have helped to bind up the wound. 
To be sure, he wis more likely to be occupied with wounded militia men, but it is 
a pixjr im.ijfination .' could not contrive scir.c succession of events which 
would brinj; thrin together. 


shu'c tlie citizen soldiers wpi'e uever kept from their 
lioines longer than was positively necessary, but uiany 
of them yielded to the temptation of staying a little 
Imi^'er to celebrate. Their families were no longer in 
danger, and the women of 1814 weie quite equal to 
milking the cow and splitting the kindling wood, while 
the scene of the recent camp of the British was a 
fascinating spot. Ti-nts, camp equipage, ammunition, 
clothing, private papers, even money had been left be- 
hind by Prerost, and s\)o\\ from this camp, rather than 
from the battle fiehl, was scattered through two coun- 
ties, with )nany a boat-load taken to Vermont. For 
years the militia trainings were gay with uiiiforms and 
swords from the camp of Prevost. 

We can imagine the home-coming of the men, all con- 
qiicritjg heroes in the admiring eyes of their wometjfolk. 
All the stori(^^^ I have over heard th.e old people tell 
dr-L-lare that no\iews of the battle was received until 
after several days, which would seem to argue that no 
ilfserters came houie early with tales of disaster. IVr- 
haps there were no deserters among our men, and if there 
\vere, perhaps they had the discretion to kee[) out of the 
way of the wouien until the other men cauie home. 
Some cam^ back wounded, like Capt. Frisbie, who lost 
a h-g. When the iie\\s of the victory and of his wound 
<ame to the Point, the families there had had their 
Jiousehold goods loaded into wagcjus since the cannon- 
ading first l)egun, feeling themsidves to be in a place 
]>eeuliarly exjxised in <;ase of a descent of the Pritish 
>i'lditM'\-. 'It was rj.'fes^arv that sixut,^ one should gi> to 


riattsl)arf4li to take care of the \vouncleil captain huO 
briuj< him home, aud as his wife was uot able to gi~) at 
the time, his sister, "the widow Barber," went and 
brought liitn home in a sailing boat. 

There has lieeu preserved a letter written upon tlie 
day of the battle by Mary, wife of Capt. Jared Pond and 
daughter of Piatt Kogers. Tiie Ponds were then liv- 
ing at .Basin Harbor, Mrs. Pond being mistress of the 
house. A woman who could sit calmly down and write 
a letter in the midst of such confusion as she describes, 
in a house full of women and children, with the doors 
bolted aud barred, must have had something of forti- 
tude in her nature. She writes on Sunda}' afternoon. 
Bason Hakbor, Sept. 11, ISU. 

Dear Husband, I sit down to address a ff>w lines to 
you, (if it please Grod that you are still in the land of 
the livincr,) tr> inform vou of our situation at present." 
She is'soon interrupted, but resumes lier pen again in 
the evening. "Snntlay evening. I was called away by 
company coming in. There is some alarm here among 
women and children about an Indian that was seen 
yesterday in the woods near Panton. To-day at Mich- 
ael Gage's hf got some bread and butter and came on 
this way. Tiie m^ighbors have bet.m out to look for 
him, but have discoveretl nothing more of him yet. A 
person just knoekeil at the d<Jor ; I inquired who was 
there; was answered "Friend !" I uufasteiiod the door 
and let in a yonng man whom I found to ha Lyman 
Chamberlajn. He tells me he saw you yesterday, and 
that vou infi>rmed him v.^u should not return till \"oa 


saw which way it turued." It is plain that she would 
like very much to have him at homo again, which is 
not to be wondered at, and she alludes to "all our 
uei.ii^iiboring men, generally speaking, going to the army, 
leaves us in rather n tried situation. However I wish 
not to complain, and shall endeavor to bear my part 
with becoming patience and fortitude, with the assist- 
ance ofj Divine Grace. There have been a number of 
cannon heard to-day. We are anxious for the safety 
of husbands, friends and fellow countrymen. I hope 
the prayers of God's people are continually oft'ered up 
to Him who is able to protect our army and give suc- 
cess to our arms in driving back our enemies to their 
own borders. ^lay our Almighty Father protect and 
defend you, and return you in safety to be a blessing 
to your family. M. P. (Mary Pond.) Perhaps I shall 
write more before this ^oei>. 

Davbrsi^ Tuesdav uiorning. Since writing the above 
1 have experienced a multiplicity of scenes. Our house 
;ind barn have been filled since Monday night with 
st)ldiers from the South. I yesterday experienced an 
excess of joy for a few moments on account of the vic- 
tory, but was soon damped by the news of Mr. Barron's 
death, which also gave new cause of anxiety for your 
fatf^. Before night we receiveil news of your being 
among tlie slain, by wa}- of Yergennes. But the Lr»rd 
is still good and gracious. I was enabled to stand the 
shock with a degree of fortitude, and declared in tlie 
midst of my trouble in this manner: "I do not 
believe it."' I liatl so ft-rvently commended you into 


the hands of our RotLveuly I'.itlier tliat 1 felt as though 
it could not be. It woukl be diftleult to describe tlie 
auguisli of our ])oor cliildreu on hearing the news. 
I>ut in an hoar ^ve heard that after the action you-vvere 
seen and spoken with, were well and in good spirits. 
Tliis almost overpowered my poor feeble fi-ame — -so 
sudden a reverse ! Blessed and praised forevermore be 
our Eternal Father, for such I feel Him to be. Do re- 
turn as soon as possible. I can't express my joy 
and satisfaction on reflection that you have been pre- 
served, and so far have done a duty that every true 
friend to their country ought to do. Our poor friend 
Ida Barron is with us. O how heartrendiug are such 
scenes. May the Lord support her and sanctify it to 
her soul. Once more I beseech the Almighty to return 
you in safety, but am still anxious. AVe heard cannon- 
ading last night, which appeared to be nearer than 
Plattsburgh. God only knows what will be the next 
news. Farewell." 

"Oury'ioor friend Ida Barron" means, I tliink, the wife 
of Joseph Barrou, the pilot of Macdonough's flagship, 
who was killed just at the close of the action, after the 
enemy's flag had been struck, by a stray shot from one 
of the craft. He was just returning his watch to his 
pocket, having taken it out to determine the duration 
of the battle. He must have been an inmate of the 
liouse, more or less, for several years, as there are old 
deeds of various dates, made out there, which I have 
seen, sigued by "Barron, Jr.," as a witness. Lt. Hal- 
stead mourneu him as one of his tlearesl friends.'- 


Tlie regulars remaiuecl at Plattsbur;^li until v.intor, 
large bodies of X'uited States troops being ordered 
there imuiediately after the battle, to prevent the possi- 
bility of another laud invasion. No invasion by water 
could be thought of since Macdouough's sweeping vic- 
t«)ry, and the commodore requested service on the sea- 
board under Decatur. His ships, and those be had 
captured, were not withdrawn to Otte;r Creek, but to 
Fiddler's Elbow, near Whitehall, where they lay for 
years, "never again," as Eobinsou says, "to be called 
forth to battle. There, where tlie unheeding keels of 
commerce pass to and fro above them, the once hostile 
liulks of ship and brig, schooner and galley, lie beneath 
the pulse of waves in an unbroken quietude of peace." 

Although the war was really over, except for the De- 
cember battle far, far away at New Orleans, the lake 
dwellers, thrown out of all their old habits of quiet in- 
dustry by the alarms and excitement of the past two 
years, sujffered needless terrors that winter from rumors 
rea^ invasion from Canada, v;hich should ravage 
and burn Macdouough's ships as they lay 
frozen in the ice. Details were supplied of hoises 
!ind sleighs, artillery mounted on runners, fur-clad 
troops with snow-shoes, and many a frightened womaij 
sat knitting socks or mittens as fast as her lingers could 
tly, listening to the men as they talked of all this, and 
determined that if the soldiers of her household went 

of a great in 
the shor^. a 

•One of my idle q;ie?>t.s has been an aUempt to discover a relationship between 
Joseph Barron, pilot of Macdonoiigh's tlag-ship, and Commodore Barron of the 
Chf^apeiiit-, the one who killed Decatur in a duel, six years after this. 


forth to meet such an army, tliey shonhl be chid as 
warmly against the bitter cold as her strength and skill 
could compass. But when the news came in February 
that the treaty of peace was signed, all alarms were 
over. From that time onward life preseided the old 
problen)S with Avhich men liad wrestled before they 
were called from the daily struggle with wild na- 
ture, the forest and the soil, tt) fighting their fellow men. 
Material progress had almost entirely stopped during 
the war, not because the men had been employed upon 
military service the greater ]xirt of the time, which it 
would not be correct to say, but because the times had 
been so unsettled that men's nnnds had not dwelt upon 
their own affairs as they had been wont to do in times 
of peace. It is a common remark among historians of 
this war that the northern settlements were nearly ru- 
ined at its close. Nevertheless, the evils of neglect are 
soon repaired, and soon the oW ever}' day work was 
taken up with redoubled vigor. The tide of immigra- 
tion from older settlements set in once njore to these 
short^! and the population rapidly increased. 

One lasting monument to this war is found in the 
names bestowed upon some of the boys who were born 
soon after. Dr. Diadorus Holcomb named a son Henry 
Harrison, and Tillinghast Cole named one Perry. 
Other instances are A. Macdonough Finney and Bain- 
bridge Bishop in Elizabethtown, and Montgomery Pike 
Whallon and Stejihen Decatur Derby in Essex — the 
latter addressed as "Commodore" all his life in allusion 
tf^ this name. 


But iu no particular did the war leave its mark upon 
the daily life of the people so mnch as iu the new sougs 
Avhieh came to be sung. The only musical insti^iments 
likely to he in town at that time were violins, mOre or 
less rude, and played with toil-worn fingers. Uncle 
Jed Barnes, the fiddler, then lived on the corner, on the 
jirescnt site of the club house, and the children iu 
the school house a little way farther to the south 
used to go.iu after school hours and beg him to sing 
the "Massacre of the River Raisin." It is a curious 
fact that the name of Jeduthun Barnes was prophetic 
of that gift by which he is remembered in our local 
history, since we read iu 1 Chron., 16:4:2; "And with 
them Hemau and Jeduthun with trumpets and cym- 
bals for those that should make a sound, and with 
niusical instruments of God." He was the uncle of the 
Jim Barnes of our day, and any one who now remem- 
bers hearing the latter sing "Marching through Georgia" 
can imagine the tuneful zeal with vvhich "Uncle Jed'' 

delivered tiiese lines : 

"In Mr-liij^an forest the night whids were high; 
Fast drifted tlu' snow through the bleak winter sky. 
The trees, cliris and niountains u-ere hoary and cold, 
And the waves of theiliiisincongealedas they rolled." 

Then there was the Star Spangled Banner, with the 
lines going a trifle luMivily, but with plenty of breath 
very effective. But neither of these delighted our an- 
cestors like the songs written about our own great bat- 
tle. There was the story about the game-cock on 
l)oard >[acd<>nough's tlag-ship. One of the first shots 
ixy)\n the enemy shattered the cooj) and set him free, 


insTonr of wijsitort 

when be flew up ia the rigo-i„o. aud crowed with all his 
"'i.c^ht. Ihe sailors were so delighted with the omen 
that they cheered him, and always believed that the in- 
cident was significant of victory. There were some 
liBes to the tune of ''John Anderson, mv Jo John" 
which allude to this : 

"O Jobnny liull, mv Jo John, 

BelK.Id on Lake Champlain. 
VV.ith more Ihau equal foix-e. John 
. lou tried your tist again. 
But the cock- sa.v how 'twas going. John, 

Ana cried cock-a-doodie-doo, 
Aud MacdODough was vietoriou.s, John 
U Johnny Bull, my J(je." ' 

Then there was ^'The Siege of Plattsburgh - to ih^ 
tune of "Boyne Water,) first sung in a variet'v theatre 
^n Albany, poor stufi' enough, but no sociafocca-sion 
was complete without it for many years. 

-Backside Alb^tny stan' Lake Champlain. 

Litlie pond half full o' water- 
i^iatt^burgh dar loo. 'pon cle main. 

On r J'fr? ' ^""--T"' ^''^-'''' ^^'^' hereafter. 
fa^*; Clnimplain Uncle Sam set he boat 

An Macdonough be sail enj 

^^'d de'lnV'^"?™' ''''''' Platt-buruh hel^l.e. 
>Vid de army whose courage neber fail -em '• 

Another is still fondly remembered amon<^ the older 
people, who recall it with an enthusiasm quite out of 
in-oportion to its poetic finish. The national hisforv is 
reviewed in twenty or more stanzas, two of which nin 
like this : 

•'When saw he'd lost his fleet 

tie gave out special or(h"rs 
i-or his whole annv to retreat 


Aod leave tbe Yankee borders. 
Thro" dreary wilds aud boss's and feus 

Tlie luckless general blundered, 
Ho tied with tiftecn thousand men 

From ^Jaeomb's (iftecn hundred."' 

No instructions -u-ill bo needed as to the ervpeeted 
j)ronunciatiou of the last word. 

But the favorite of all others was a home production, 
•.•ailed ''The Noble L;ids of Canada/' sung to a rollick- 
ing tune of its own. The story goes that it was Avritten 
by one Minor Lewis, living in Mooers, a town next the 
Canada line. His imagination' dwelt upon the recent 
exciting events until one day, as ho was chopping alone 
in the woods, the words of the song began to take shape 
in his mind. He found a bit of charcoal and a large 
tdiip with a smooth surface— some sa}- the smooth top 
of a stump— and there wrote the words before they 
could escape him. I prefer the chip story to the stump 
st(jry myself, because ho could carry the chip home and 
store it away as the ancients stored away the leaves of 
papyrus after they were written upon. But genius like 
that makes no allecu^tlijn of forgetting its own produc- 
tion, even if it has been left upon a stump in the depths 
of the woods, and the song was soon published bv the 
power of many a lusty thn^at. It afterward found its 
way into print, and the sarcastic impersonation of the 
British which was necessary for the singer gave it just 
the dramatic touch which insured its success. The 
words suffered many variations, s(jmetin)es beginning 
"Con:e all ve Noble Englishmen," and sometimes with 


liues inserted cc^utaiiung local hits, accordiug to the 
place and the occasiou. 

Come all ye British heroes, I pray you lend your ears. 
Draw up your British forces, and tlieu your voluutoers. 
We"re ^^oing to fight the Yankee boys by water and by 

And we never will return till we eouquer, sword iu 

We're the noble lads of Canada, come to arms, 
boys, come. 

Oh,, now the time has come, my boys, to cross the Yan- 
kee's line. 

We remember they were rebels once and conquered John 

We'll subdue those mighty rebels and pull their dt^el- 
liogs down. 

And we'll have the States inhabited with subjects of the 

We're the noble lads of Canada, etc. 

Now, we've reached the Plattsburgh banks, my boys, 
and here we make a stand. 

Until we take the Yankee fleet. MacDouough doth com- 

We've the Growler and the Eagle, that from Suiith we 
took away, 

And we'll hav'^^heir noble fleet that lies anchored in the 
bay, ' 

We're the noble lads of Canada, etc. 

The last verses portray the growior; dismay of the 
British, and the chorus changes to a dismal refrain, 
We've got too far from Canada, run for life, boys, run !" 
— sure to delight tiio audience who had been looking 
forward to this climax from the fust. 

Considerable interest attaches to the question, What 
did the soldiers of the warof 1812 wear? Theoretically, 
tlie militia were supposed to wear the uniform prescribed 


for regular troops. As a matter of fact, the militia 
wore evorj'thiug, from their own homesjum to uniforms 
of British soldiers which had been picked up 
u}H)n battle fields. There was a regulation that ever}- 
companj should have at least a certain number, (thirty,) 
1 believe,) of uniformed soldiers when they appeared 
uj)on parade, under penalty of disbandmeut, and of 
course the natural wish of the male bird for fme feath- 
ers operated strongly in support of this regulation. 
Ikgularly equipped, the soldiers in a Light Infantiy 
Corps, according to the militia law of 1809, appeared 
in "dark blue coats with white* linings, scarlet facings, 
coUai-s II nd cuffs, and white underclothes, (trousers,) 
and the buttons of the uniform shall be either of white 
or yellov,- metal." In 1814 there was a movement 
toward economy in dress, experience having doubtless 
proved its expediency. An appeal for raising a new 
volunteer-company says : 

"A clieap, neat and bec(jming uniform is fixed upon, 
calculated rather to give a soldierly ap-pearance than to 
attract and j->lea.-5e the eve of childhood — It is siinplv 
as follows : 

"A blue broadcloth roundabout, narrow rolling col- 
lar, single-breasted, buttoned in front with bell but- 
tons, a row each side extending to the top of the should- 
er, with one on each .side the collar. iJeaver of a 
straight crown, about nine inches high, helmet front, 
tliniiuishiug gradually toward the back, leaving there 
only half an incli brim ; a waving red plume, the statf 
of which supported bv a stri]>o of broad gold lace, run- 


n'lu^ from the base or rim of the hat, nnd formiug a 
cockade near the top, with a Darrow band of lace. 
Cartonch box covered with red nioiocco, secured round 
the waist by a belt of tiie same, to whici) the bayonet 
scabbard will be atlixed. Yellow nankeen pantaloous, 
black haudktTchief, l)oots, together Avith a musket, com- 
plete the dre.^H and equipment." 

The Aitilltrty wort; "'lou^ dark ])hie coats, with sear- 
let linings, facinj^s, collars and cuffs;" some companies 
had "dark blue pautaloous, white vests, black t:;aiters 
or half boots, and rN^md or cocked liats, as may be de- 
termined by the oflicers." Ariother company we find 
with "yellow buttons, white underclothes, and cocked 
hats with tije cockade of the Army of the United 
States." There were Eitle Conjpanies wearin^^ "^reeu 
frocks and pantaloons with yellow fringe, black gaiters, 
lound black hats ornamented with yellow buttons, 
black lou|>s iind short gree-u feathers." 

GoTernor 'J'ompkins, writing in 1810 a letter which 
enclosed a conirnissiou as Li<Hiteiiant Colonel, .says: 

"The^iiaiform of tlie station is a i)lue coat with bull 
facings, collar and cutis, Yellow F.}>aalettes, butf under 
clothes, Cockud h;it, or Ch;ipe;iu bias with a Cockatle 
oruMtnented b}- a Golden Eagle in tlie center and such 
additional mounting as pleases you. Myself and Aids, 
to distinguish ourselves from the inferior General Ofri- 
cers and their staff, mount no feathers. The sword. 
belt, sash, spurs and boots are left to the taste of eacli 
aid who also puts embroidery or lace on his coat or 
not ;vt hi.-> pleas^avo." 


Th(' cavalry color was greeu, like the ritle companie.-, 
ilioui^h with mauy distiiiguisliii)^ uetails. Au order of 
Sept. 3, 1805, for the foroiatiou of a troop of horse in 
Now York city : 

"The uuiform of the Cavalry being left by Law to be 
ii.**v'd by the Commander in Chief, ho directs that it 
(•onsist for the Regimental Field and Stafl' and Troop 
<'>tiicers, of a short Green Coat, faced v.ith black Velvet 
collars, cuffs and wings on the shoulders of the same, 
light buttons on the Lappelle, two on each side of the 
collar, three on the sleeve, and three on the skirt. The 
buttons to be small, yellow and of a conical form, the 
l)utton-holes and along the edges of the Coat '^the bot- 
tom excepted) to be trimmed with gold lace or yellow- 
silk binding, the buttons and Epaulettes of the like 
colciur, with Iniff Vest, buckskin ]3reeches and long 
black top't boots." 

Examples of all these different uniforms might 
sf.uietimes be seen in a militia regimout upon tiain- 
iiig days and musters. Aftei- the war these trainings, 
made a graud holiday for the entire population, be- 
came more ftuportint and more punctiliously attend- 
ed than ever before, aud the next generation grew up 
Well versed in niilitary tactics, at least as presented 
l>y the luilitia otMcers of a couuti-y town. ]Many an 
oUl sword ami utiifoi-m which has been preserved as a 
relic of the war of 1S12 dates no farther back than the 
militia trainings of the years succeeding the w.-ir. 
J'.ast of the ]>lack river the regular places for mili- 
far\ fXer(.i>e wi^xc at Darber's Point ami North-west 


V);\\. ' Meu uo inoit; than fifty yoais old cau uow re- 
member the trainings in the village, sometimes on 
the fiat just below the Carpenter house, sometimes in 
the jiubiic siiuare in front of Person's Hotel. The nat- 
ural (.Irsii-e to wash the dust out of one's throat after 
the execution of arduous maneuvers on a warm sj)riug 
day, together with the spirit of eonvivialit}' sure to be 
awakened at the sight of (^Id comrades, led to habits of 
indulgence which sometimes turned the whole occasion 
iuto a farce, and partly on this account, and partly be- 
cause Uncle Sam has come to depend upon volunteers 
for tfte lighting of his battles the observance of the day 
fell iuto disrepute, and has been long a thing of the 

List of Westport Men in Active Service During- the War of 1812. 
Gen. Daniel Wright, Brigadier-General of the -lOth 
]>rigade of Militia. He fought at Bunker Hill, served 
eight months under Col. John Stark and a year under 
Col. Satuuol Reed, then in Jane of 1777 was sent to 
Ticonderoga, with his regiment, to await the attack of 
Bar^)yue. When St. Clair evacuated Ticonderoga he 
Weill with the retreating arniy, fought at Saratoga, and 
saw the surrender of Jjurgoyne. After coming into Es- 
s.-c county he was made "ind Major, March 24, lSO-2. 1st 
Majt)r in 180(5 and Lieuteuant-('olonel Commandant 
in 1807. Then February lltli, 1811, he was commis- 
sioned Brigadier-General, which rank he held until he 
resigned from the service !\[arch 22, IS 10, at the age of 

HisrouY OF wsETPoirr 2So 

Gen. Luraau ^Vadh;lLlls. Was couunissioned Ca]>- 
taiu Feb. lltli, ISll, aud 2ud Major March 2nd, 18U. 
After the war he was promoted Colonel of the 37th re-;- 
irnont of Militia, March 21st, 1821, was made Bri<:;a- 
dier-Gf^neral of the 40th Brigade, following Gen. Ran- 
scTiu Noble, who had followed Gen. Daniel Wright. 
He moved from Lewis into Westport in 1822. 

Major David B. McXeil. Commi.'--.siont'd Adjutant of 
the 37th regiment Feb. 11th, 1811. On March 2nd, 
1814, he was commissioned Brigade Major and In- 
spector upon General Wright's stafi'. He moved from 
Essex to Westport in 1822, remainijig six years. 

Captain Asa Aikens, more commonly known as Jndge 
Aikens. He entered West Point iNov. 30th, 1807, and 
was commissioned Captain in the 31st regiment, U.S. A. 
April 30th, 1S13. His regiment was recrnited in Ver- 
mont, and commanded by Col. Daniel Dana. He moved 
from Windsor,' Yt., to "Westport in 1843. 

Sergeant AVilliam Guy Hunter. Enlisted July 30th, 
1814, at Windsor, A't., at the age of nineteen. He w;is 
a Sergeant in Capt. Ira AMUiams' coujpnny, the 2()th 
New York ^ifantry. After the war was over he went 
to the Military Academy at '\^'est Point, where he re- 
mained three years. Moved from Windsor, Yt., to 
Westport in 1838. 

Lieutenant Piatt liogers Halstead. Conunissioned 
3rd Lieutenant in 2'Jth Infantry, V. S. A., Ai)ril 30tli, 
1813; promoted 2nd Li.'utenant 1-Vb. 2(Uli, ISM, nnd 
honorably discharged June 1"), 1815, u})on the rcduc- 
ticM of the army to a peace estahlishujrut. The Cul- 


ouel of tlie 29tli liifiintiT, (luaiulv a Dntchcss county 
reojimt-'jit.) was Col. r^lelanctlioii Stuith of Plattsburgb, 
son of Jud^^e MelaiietlKJU Sniitli of roughkeepsie. 

The fliree Dieti last uained, Ciqitain Aikeus, Lieuteu- 
Hi)t Halsteacl and Seigeant Hunter, were the only otli- 
oerri of the regular ai-niy (in distinction from the mi- 
litia) \\\\i> lived in Westport. 

As for the organization of tlie militia, we hnd by I'e- 
ferring to the ^Military Minutes of the Council of Ap- 
P'ointment of the State of >sew York that as eaily as 
April 2, 1796, a new company ^^as fornjed "of the mil- 
itia at Pleasant Yale and Bettsboiongh," of which Eli- 
jab JJishop was made Captain and Elijah Newoll Lieu- 
tt-nant. Bishop was afterw aid a Major, and Elijah 
Nt'well became later a Captain iu the 37th. Then in 
179S a new regiment was formed of Clinton County 
militia (then including Essex C<JuntT) to be command- 
ed by Lt. Col. Daniel Eoss, in which Chiules Hatch 
was made Pa-ym;ister. Further search in these volum- 
inous Council Minutes reveals these names and titles 
of ine^i belonging to our t(nvn. 

Mfjor Hezekiah ihirber. He ^vas a Captain in 1800, 
•2nd Major in ISOG, and first :Major in Daniel "Wright's 
n giuient in 1S08. Dying in ISIO, he did not live to 
ser- the war. 

Tlio Lobdells seem to have l)eeu a warlike race. Syl- 
vanus Lobdell was a (Quartermaster in ls02. "When 
the first artillery company in the coimty was formed. 
July n, 1801, r.oughtoii E(.b,iL-li was made 2nd Eieut. 
lu bSilS we find .John Lobdell cornet in the cavalry 


troop of Tbeodorus Ross, in 1811 Ifit Lt., in 1812 Cap- 
tain and iu 1817 resignerl. Jacob Lobdell was a Cap- 
tain of ritieineu in 1819. 

We find also mentioned : Capt. Nathaniel Hinkley, 
Lt Jbomas Hinkley, Capt. Joel Finney, Capt. Elijah 
8torrs, Capt. George Andrews and Lt. Samuel W. 

Captain Levi Frisbie was the most seriously wound- 
ed of any of our men iu the battle of Plattsburgh, los- 
ing one leg. There is a reference to him iu a letter 
from General Mooers to General Wright as follows: 

"Capt. Frisl/ee, by whom I had this, has called ou 
uje. I have signed the certificate to which your name 
is attached, or I'ather made a certificate on the back of 
that, yet his name ought to be annexed to your return 
of the disabled and wounded, which return I wish to 
have, witii tliose of the killed, as soou as you can con- 
veniently obtain them. I expect soou to set out for 
Albany, and wish to take them with me, 

I am, sir, your ob(.>dient servant, 
p Beuj. Mooers. 

Plattsburgh, 2S July, 1815. 

To Brig. Geu. Daniel Wright, Elizabethtown." 
Capt Jesse Braman gave his whole company break- 
fast at Braman's Mills ou the morning when they start- 
ed for the scene of the battle of Plattsburgli. 

Two Ensigns of the oTth are mentioned, John Gree- 
b-y, Jr., and Vine T. Bingham. Ensign Greeley was 
wounded iu tiio ..h<juhl.r at the b;jttle of Plattsburfdi. 

2Sb- iiisTony OF WKsrroirr 

His father' fought at Banker Hill. Johu H. Low was 
au Eusiau in 1821. 

Ensign Jason Dunster was in the servico in New 
Hampshire, being stationed at Portsmouth. He came 
to \Yestport in 1821. 

]jieut. ]!sathan DeLauo of Ticonderoga, 2nd lieuten- 
ant in Capt. Mackenzie's cavaliy company, seems to 
Iiave come to "Westport with his son, Josepli E. DeLano, 
and was buried in this town. 

Diadorus Holcoml) was Paymaster of the 37th in 
1809, was made Surgeon's Mate March 2, 1811, and as 
such did good servico at the battio of Plattsburg, being 
afterward j.jj'ouKjted Surgeon. 

In 1821 the liev. Cyrus Comstock was appointed 
Chaplain of the o7th. 

It must be romenjbcred that, tlieoreticidly, every man 
in th^ townshi}i, over the age of eighteen and un- 
der ifiii of forty-five, belonged to the militia by no 
choice of his own, and was liable to military duty at any 
moment upon the i-equisitiou of his superior otHcer. 
He did not enlist, and he did not volunteer; he was a 
soldier because he was a citizen. Nevertheless, the quo 
tas r«,'quired of tiie several military districts would be 
naturally filled by the men most willing to serve, and 
this made it virtually a volunteer service. There are 
many cla.-.-es of exempts, sucli as Government ( thcers. 


clergymen, ferrymen, postmasters, mail carriers, iuu 
keepers, etc., as well as all those physically incapable. 

My sources of information have been tliese: 1st, the 
list of soldiers' graves decorated every Memorial Day 
Sy the S. C. Dwj-er Post of the G. A. E., furnished me 
by the kindness of Mr. Edward Osborne. 2ud, notes 
made by Mr. Henry Harmon Noble from the war rec- 
ords at Albany, freely given me so far as I was able to 
make use of them. 3rd, Military Minutes of the Coun- 
cil of Appointment of the State of New York, 17S3- 

I am sorry not to have been able to spend the time 
.to make out^a complete list of names for each cemetery 
for nse upon Decoration Day, but this would now re- 
(juire many hours' work in visiting the most remote 
parts of the town, and 1 will give the names as I fiiid 
them upon my notes. 

Isaac Alden, Samuel Anderson, Jeduthan Barnes 
Joshua Bennett, Ephraim Bull, Joseph Call, Tilling- 
hast CoK^, Seymour Curtis, John Daniels, Joshua Dan- 
iels, Arclubald Dunton, Elijah Duuton, David Clark 
and D/'fius Ferris, (in the Vermont militia,) Asa 
Farusworth, Gideon Hanjmond, Joseph M. Havens, 
Ira Henders(jn, (wounded at the battle of Plattsburgh,) 
Johnson Hill, Abner Holcomb, Amos Holcomb, Asa 
Kinney, \Yaite B. Lavrrence, Erastus Loveland, Wilson 
Low, Pl.itt pogurs Sheldon, Ebeuezer Sherman, Wil- 
liam Viall. 

Buried at AVadhams, besides Gen. "Wadhams, Capt. 
Bramau and ]:Lnsign Du)ister, arc Benjamin Hardy, J otjl 


French. Snln.on Cooper, Thomas Hadlev, ami John 
\\ iiituev. 

lu a Hst of invalid pensioners ^^■e find, beside^, the 
names of Daniel Wright, Levi Frisbie and John Gree- 
- ley, these names: John Viall, Eldad Kellog. David and 
Sami^el Pangborn and Ebenezer Newell, who was a fif- 
er. Among the m,n from Clinton county are Levi 
Stockwell, Samuel Cook and John A. FerriJ, which are 
certandy \A estport names and p.obably those of men 
who afterward moved into town. L. tfus pension list 
1 l.iKl Viestport surnames, like Allen, Barnes, Cxood- 
speed, Johnson, Nichols, Smith and Snow, which may 
indica-e citizens of our town, but which I hesitate t'o 
claim because I know nothing about them. 

Humphrey Sherman, (ancestor of all the Shermans 
i>ow hvmg in Westport,) served on theNiagara frontier 
a pru.^ in Capt. Trowbridge's company, Lt. Coi^ 
Heni.y Bloom's l.t regiment, Enlisted at Hector, Sen- 
eca Ca, Sept. 7, 1813, discharged at Fo.t Niagara 
^^■e. 1/, 1613. He afterward moved to Essex, 'and 
then JO Westport. He ."as a brother of Nathan 
Miei^n, who settled in Moriah and was the ancestor 
o the Sherman family connected with the iron mines 

As for the number of men whom we sent into the 
held during this war, I do not suppose tiiat we had at 
^^- ti.ue one hundred and fifty men subject to militia 
duty.I bavegiven the names of fifty and I doubt if there 
were many more wlio actually m.-trched under military 
oruers, aside from tht. drills of the trainiu^^ln s " 


Ira Henderson and Satuucl Andorsou were both cotn- 
monlv addressed as "Captain," but this does not seem 
to have been in either case a military title, but rather 
one used in recognition of the coraniand of sailing.'; ves- 
:5«>'ls«)n the lake. Similarly, the tombstone upon which is 
eafCapt. Jacob Llalstead" mast not be taken as evi- 
tlence of military rank, since Jacob Halstead was born in 
1300, and tiierefore only a boy of twelve when war was 
ileclared, but he afterward owned and sailed tlie schoon- 
er Jt'Vo//. 

rievol\ilioiiai'\' Soldiei'S. 

There are but few graves of men who fouglit in the 
War of Independence to be found in Westport, from 
the fact tl^iit settlement of this northern region did not 
begin until most of the Kevohuionary soldiers were too 
old and too tired with their strenuous lives to join the 
■amy of the pioneers. Many of the first land-owners, 
like riatt Rogers,'^ Gen. Woolsey and the Platts, had 
served in the Continental Line, but they neither lived 
nor ditnl here. Our most distinguished soldier, of the 
lievolution as well as of the second war with Great 
Britaii^ WHS Gen. Daniel Wright whose military rec- 
ord has already been given. 

•Piatt Rogers served in two Dutchess County regiments. Col. BrinckerhoQ's and 
Col. Hopkins, and in both regiments was in CapL Brinckerhoflt's company. He 
had a nephew, Ananias Rogers Sackett, (son of his sister Mary, who married Na- 
thaniel Sackctt. mtinber of the Council of Safety,) who was also in Col. Brincker- 
hoff's rcg:i:nent, Capt. Van Wyck's company. Piatt Rogers was often given 
the title of Captain in our local records, but his righ: to thiit rank I cannot prove. 
By the way, Uhere is no known relationship bi;tween Fvobert Rogers the Ranger of 
the old French war, and Piatt Rogers the Road-iii.nker of Northern New York, 
Rogers pond and Rogers brook in Schroon are na:ned alter the Road-maker, from 
his survey of the road patent along the wcjt shore of Sciiroon lake. 


John Greeley, boru 1759, died 1852, fou<^'lit at the 
battle of Buuker HiJl as a boy of sixteen. He carno 
into Westport from Brookfield in 1828. 

Ebenezer Durfee's tombstone declares him to have 
^^•been "a soldier of the Revolution." 

Samuel Pangborn died in this town in 1843, and the 
notice of his deatli in the Essex County Times declares 
that he ^s■as aged 80 years, and had been a soldier of 
the Revolution, fighting at Brandywine and Yorl:t«')wii. 
In the list of pensioners after the war of 1812 wo find 
the names of both Samuel and David Pangborn. This 
family seems to have been here very early, as one 
Joseph -Pangburn was made pathmaster at the first 
town mei/ting, in 1798. 

John Whitney served in the Pievolution. 

It is very likely that many of our early settlers who 
were old enough, like Enos Xjoveland and John Hal- 
stead, may have fouglit the battles of their country be- 
fore their emigration, but in the absence of definite 
family record, it is a long and toilsome task to settle 
the question by research. 


Quoth t'no cedar to the reeds aud rushes. 
^ '■^^ater-lJrrass, you know not what I do: 
Know uot of my storms, uor of my hushes. 

And — I kuow uot you." 
Quoth the reeds aud'rushes, "Wind ! O waken ! 
^ Breath, O wind, and set our answer free ! 
■ For we have no voice, of you forsaken, 
For the cedar-tree. " 

Quoth the hero, dying, whelmed in glory, 

•■:\Jany. blame me, few have UDdcr5>tood ; 
Ah. my folk, to you I leave a story. — 

Make it.s meanicq- (/ood. " 
Quoth the folk. "Sing, poet ! teach us, prove us ; 

Sureh we shall learn the meaning then ; 
TVound us with a pain divine, O mo"-e us. ' 

For this man of men. '" 

— Jka.n Incklow's "Winstanley." 

Quoth c>*rr dead-and-buried forebears, Iviucr 

^^ Deep iu ancient acres of the town, 

"Look, the tombstones that our children o-ave us 

Grudge us our renown. "^ 

Go. aud when ve find a heart reflective, 

Where the thrill of kinship shall uot fail, 
Of the lives we lived within your borders ' 

Tell the homely tale." ' 

C. H. R 




1815 to CiviJ ^\"ar. 

After the war the town settled liack into its old life, 
the same, and yet not the same. Men's pulses had 
•i^ieeu quickened by a call to action which had wider 
reaching consequences than the daily life of the farm- 
er and wood chopper. They felt themselves of the 
more importance since they had been called on to fight 
battles of the nation, and their acquaintance with 
the older civilization of the seaboard had increased 
marvelously. The frontier life, "at once more romantic 
and more sordid than on the civilized seaboard," as 
Fiske says of a similar condition, had become in mauv 
ways less sordid and perliaps less romantic. After the 
war the men on this western shore of the lake felt 
themselves for the first time citizens of the state of New 
York. A lai'ge portimi of the men -who fought in the 
war were born in New England, and could but feel 
themselves emigrants not long from home, with mem- 
ories and sympathies reaching backward to the old 
homes which seemed so much nearer than New York 
or even Albany. Now, with the growth of the Repub- 
licaiyivjr Anti-Federalist, party as the predominant po- 
litical setitimfc>Dt of the town, the last link that bound 
them to Federalist New England was snap])ed. Along 
the Hudson river, fron) the days of the first Dutch 
comers, New England had been considered a foreign 
country and its people aliens, but in- the Champlain 
A'allev it h;id been (^herv.ise. Here, and esoeciallv in 


Elizabethtown and Westpurt, (which had not the pro- 
portion of Dutchess county immigrants found farther 
to the nortliward,) New Enp^hmd was the beloved moth- 
er country whicli was out-_G;rowu rather than cast off, 
as tl>fe development of the town progressed. 

Immigration increased after the war, probably in 
nearly equal proportions from the east and south. The 
necessar}' facilitation of land and water ways for the 
transportation of men and military stores from the 
south had made travel from that direction less difKcult. 
Albany was nearer after the war than it had been be- 
fore it. Commerce had been helped and not hindered 
by the necessities of the war, and by the smuggling 
which reached its heiglit just before. The industry of 
boat-buildmg had increased immense!}', and it is 
said tlnit man}- of tlio th'st wharves were built at this 
time. In regard to Westport this has been impossible 
to verify, and it can ouly l)e said that the conjecture 
that Charles Hatch built our first wharf, at the foot of 
Washiugton street, during the war, is exceedingly 

Colonial dress and customs still prevailed. The 
spinning \\^e(A and loom were in every household, and 
homespun was the universal wear. There were more 
log cabins than frame houses in town, and the center 
of evi-ry home was the great chimney with its fire- 
places. Soves were alunst unheard of, and all the 
cooking was done over an open fire or in a brick ov- 
en. Matches were not yet invented, and if you were 
so careless as to let tlio fire die out, vou must light 


it again with, fliut and tiudor, or send one of the 
children to the nearest neighbor with a close covered 
iron kettle in which to briiif^' liomo some coals. The 
only lights were tallow candles, letters were folded and 
pealed without envelopes, pins were just beginning to 
be manufactured, aud thei'e were more foreign coins in 
circulation than United States money, but not much 
of either, as nil exchanges of value were made by the 
medium of barter. The difference between a "York 
shilling" and a "Vermont shilling" was of vital import- 
ance to reniea^ber, as the former was twelve and one- 
half cents, and the latter but nine-pence, and accounts 
were still ke[)t in pounds, shillings and pence. 

In regard to the means of communication, early 
AVestp»rt was like early colonial Virginia,— all journeys 
were made on horseback or by water. If General 
Wright had occasion to go to Plattsburgh, either he 
calleil the horse out of the pasture, saddled and mount- 
ed aud rode away, or he went down to the lake shore at 
Northwest Bay or at Essex and fouud some sailing 
craft which would take him thither. Lake travel was 
easier than land travel and more full of interest. Those 
were tlip. days of the great rafts sent into Canada. As 
Eobii^on says: "The great pines, that fifty years be- 
fore had been reserved for the masting of his Majesty's 
navy, were felled now by hardy yeomen who owed al- 
legiance to no earthly king, and, gathered into enor- 
mous rafts, voyaged slowly down the lake, impelled 
by sail and sweep. They bore as their burden bar- 
rels of pota-h that had been condensed froni the ashes, 


(.)f their slaiu bretlnvn." Bales of fnvs went often, too, 
and when the raftsmen came back on sloop or schoon- 
er from St. John's they brouglit salt and manufac- 
tured goods, often of European make. 

These-facts give us an outline of the town in 1815, 
when the division was made between the present towns 
of Elizabethtowu and Westport. That it was neces- 
sary to divide the town shov/s a l:ir[;,e increase of pop- 
ulation, with the corresponding^ rise of the civic spir- 
it. The obvious boundary line was the Black river 
in a part of its course, with the mountainous area, 
which stretched through the southern part of the 
town divided' by a north-aud-south line drawn from 
the river to the town line. The Hon. Charles Hatch 
was on the -tTommittee of division, and the matter was 
soon settled. That the settlement at North-west Ba^' 
liad already become the commercial centre would ap- 
])t:'ar from the name adopted. The legal change was 
made March 2-1, 1815, and the first town meeting ofthe 
new town v,-as held "on the first Tuesday in Ai)ril," 
at the house of Charles Hatch, which stood on the 
site of the large brick house so long owned by F. H. 
Page, and ii^w by D. F. Payne. Hatch's house was at 
that time Csed as an inn. 

The proceedings of the town meeting were entered V)y 
tin- clerk in a large, leather bound book, bright and 
new, with "Westjiort Town Records" stam})ed on the 
back in neat gold letters. It was "made and sold (with 
the old fashioned long "s") at the "Troy Bookstore, 
Sign of the Bible." Nt-w the glaze is worn from the 


lefitlier/ tliy <'old letters are tarDisljed, one cover is 
loose, and the old book no loiif^er represents a future, 
but an ever-receding past. It was in use until 1870, 
when a new book was bought, not because the old one 
was full, but because the old -fashioned paper, made 
with a surface adapted to the use of quill pens, was 
very difficult to write upon with a steel pen. The most 
peiilous period during tlte life of the old town book 
M'as at the time of the great fire of 1876, when the 
building containing the town clerk's office, (the corner 
store,) was burned. As the "town has never provided 
a safe or an iron box for the keeping of town records, 
it was only a chance that this book was saved. Per- 
haps the next tire may not spare it. 

Thi/is the tirst entry in the old book, v/ritten in a 
careful, plain, old-fashioned hand, with ink which is 
faded but not illegible. 

^Vo^;tpol■t ToAvii Re<'orcl>^. 

The tirst Town Meeting in theTownofWcstport, County 
of Essex and State of New York, is opened at the house of 
Charles tiatoh in said Town, on the tirst Tuesday in April; 
agreeabl;' t(^ a l^iiw of the Le^-iskitnre passed IRIC*. 

1. Vt^'tfd Enos Lovehind Supervisor. 

2. lf)uton Lobdell. Towd Clerk. 

?t. John fxibdell, Gideon Hammond, Diadorus Holeonib. 

4. Levi Fi'isby. Collector. (This ofFice he held until 

5. Joseph Stacy, Charles Haleh, Overseers of thePoor. 
H. Jesst^ I3rayman, Gideon Hammond, Crosby McKin- 

zey, Commissioners of Highways. 

7. Charles Hateh. Bouton Lotidoll, Diadorus HoicduiI), 
Commlssiuucrs of Schools. 

IIISTOliV OF WEST mm' 2f)0 

S. Uriah Pulnior, Samuel Cook. Junr.. John Lobdell, 
Inspfctors of Sc'hools. 

SK Amos Smith. Jodiithaa Barues, Levi Alexatider, 

U). Elijah Angier, Daniel Wright. Silvanus Kiutjsley, 
William Denton, Charles Hatch, Nathaniel Hinklcy. James 
Coll. ['riah Palmec. Fence Viewers. 

11. f:iijiah Angier. William Storrs, Charles Hatch. Elij 
ah Denton, Poundniasters. 

VI. Ralph Walton. Elijah Dunton, John Ferris, Junr.. 
Caleb P. Cole. Thouias Eniaioas. Jesse Hardey. Sainiiel 
Denton, Warren 'f^ar per, John Daniels, ^rd, WillianiSlorrs. 
William Denton. Elijah Storrs, Joseph Stacy, Harve\' 
Suamer, Overseers of Highways. 

13. To Raise Double the sum allowed by the State for 
the Supi.>ort of Common Schools. 

14. To Raise ten Dollars to Purchase Town IJooks. 

].'■>. To Raise twentv Dollars for the Support of the 

1)1. Horned Cattle Commoners from the first of April 
till the first of November no Longer. 

17. The owner of a Ram Shall pay five Dollars that lets 
iiini Rnnat largO'from the first of September to the Mfteenth 
"' November. 

15. The Town Meeting adjourned to the house of Rou- 
tu;: Lobdell. the first Tuesday of April lSl*i. 

Division of Hiy:hway Districts in the Town of Westport 
for the year 1815. 

No. 1. iJegiuning at the South Line of the Town on the 
Lake Road thenee North to the north bank of .Mullins 
Hrool:. (Ralph Walton, overseer.) 

2. Nortii to south end of the first Bridge North of Coil's 
Miiis. iticludi'^' the Road west to Asa A. Andrews as far 
as the Sheari^n Brook. (Elijah Dunton.) 

3. Beginning at the south end of the tiist Bridge North 
of Cttll's .dills thenct." North to the South Line of Holcomb's 
farm Dicluding Ijoth Roads to widow Barber's ferry. 
(Joi)u Ferris, Jr.) 

4. Beginning at the south line of Holeomb's farm theuee 
North t(.» the two n)ile niarke Between N. W. iiay and 
<\iats' Mill Including the Road to to the east. (Calet. 
V Cole.) 

."). Line of the Ft>!-ri> li>t DjcIudinL'- the Road to the 


east liue of Silvan us Kini^'sley's oald ticld. (Thomas Ein- 
inoifs.) ^^^ 

1/ Be]Hunintr at the East line of the Foi'ris Lot, theuc*' 
-North tu the town Hue, Iacludin(,' both Roads to P'.xk 
harbor and the Road by Obediah \'aughan's place to tho 
voad that Leads from Coats Mill to N. W. E^av. (Jesse 

7. Betriuninij at the two Mile mark between N. W. Bay 
and Coats Mills, thence North to the Town line, Includiu:j- 
the road from Bra-yniao's east to the Town line. (Samud 

8. Be(,nnuint,' at the West end of the Bridge at Citats 
Mill, thence west to Elast line of Joel Finney "s farm. (Wai-- 
reu Harper.) 

9. Beginning at the east line of Silvaiius Kingslev 
farm, thence westerly on the New Court House Road to 
the west line of the same, including the Road from Sam i 
Storrs farm, thence north to Jonas Morgan's Barn. In- 
cluding the Road from Joel Finney's east line to New 
Court House Road. (John Daniels, 3rd.) 

10. Beginning at the Town line near Morgan's New 
J'orge, thence East to the Road leading from Coats' Mill to 
Joel Finney's. (William Storrs.) 

11. Beginning at the town line near Abi'aham Slaugh 
lers, theace easterl} by J. Storrs till it Intersects th-- 
Court House FJoad near Silvauus Kingsley Including the 
road to Eldad Kellogg's. (William Denton.) 

12. Beginning at the town line near Southwell's Forge, 
thence east to ihe Bridge west of ITalstead's field, ]nclua- 
iijg the road by Aaron Bingham's. (Eli^jah Storrs.) 

li-i. Beginiiing at the Southwell road near Abui-r 
Slaughter's, thence south to the south lineof theL-Dw frtrm. 
i««£?^Kiiug the road bv ilammond's to the aforesaid South- 
well road. (Joseph Stiicy.) 

14. L5t\Lntining at the Southwell r»xid near Esq. Love- 
laud's, thence easterly bv John Nichokls and Stacys till it 
intersects the lake road near Elijah Duuton's. (Harvev 

15. Beginning at the Crotch of the Road Between Shar- 
inan's and Mullins Brook, thence Northerly by George H. 
Andrews until it Intersects the Road by Joseph Stacys, 
Including the road from Howard's east to the Sharmaiv 
Brook including thi.' road to Danl. MCot)lev. 

Signed John rv»!)d.-ll and (iideou H.iuunoud. 

Coumiissiouers of Highwavs. 


Tlieu there are alterntious of old roads fuid snvvcy 
Mils of ueu'/ oues, with the suvveyors' directions, too 
tedious to ii?^**>aut, signed by Samuel Cook, Jr., and by 
Itliar Judd as surveyors. 

Euos LoveL\iid was already' supervisor of the nudi- 
\ idod town of Elizabeth town at the time of the division. 
}!o had been supervisor in 1809, LSIO and LSll. Then 
f^a- two years Azel Abel fdled tiie office, and in 183-1 
Enos Loveland was again elected. Bouton Lobdell 
was SlieritT of the county in 1815 as well as our town 
clerk. He and his brother John were doubtless sons 
of Sylvanus Lobdell, first clerk of the town of Eliza- 
bet htown, 

"Tl)e new court house road" was the present stage 
road from Westport to Elizabethtown. It would seem 
tli;it up to this time the regular route to Pleasant Val- 
ley from the Bay was b}- way of Meigsville. Early 
roads followed high ground, avoiding marshes and 
.-<u auips, and it took a great deal of corduroy to make 
the present road passable. Since Enos Loveland lived 
on the most travelled road to the county court house 
from the Bay, his house was much more accessible for 
the transa«i^^i of town business than would appear at 
liist thought. 

"The road from Howard's"' was a part of the back 
road. The allusion is not, I think, to the present fami- 
ly of Howards, who cnme in somewhat later from Yer- 
mout, but to a "D<;acon Howard" who came from the 
south by way of Pleasant Valley. July 12, 1817, ^'Dea- 
<"on Howard and wifL-" i»re.sented a letter to the bapti.^t 


clinrcli wliich was accepted. Xov. 12, 1817, the deatli 
o^ Bio. Keiidrick Howard is recorded iu the cburcli 
bt^k. On Nov. 13, 1S19, a letter from the church "at 
Jamaica/" (pr(iV)ably on LtMjg Islaud,) was presented l>y 
"Sister rhihi Howard." Deacon Howard was oftm 
njentioufd after this in ti>e cliurcli transactions, until 
February of 18-2'2 letters of dismission were given '■Dea- 
con Howiird and wife and sister Phila Howard," indi- 
cating that it was their pnrpi)se to inove away. A son 
of this Deacon Howard, Leland Howard, received tli^ 
ilegi-ee of A. M. from Middlebury College iu 1S2S, and 
becan)e a ]3aptist ujinister, preaching in Troy and iu 
Ivutland. James Howard, sou of Leland, was at out^ 
time Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut. 

This year and the next the Angiers came iu from 
New Ham]pshire, and settled iu the northern part of 
the town, near the Essex line, in the vicinity of "Angier 
Hill." There were thrtn^ brotliers, Calvin, lillijah anil 
Luther, grandsons of Silas Angier, a Iievolutionavy 

*Calvin Angler's first wife was Betsy Chandler, of Fitzwilliain, N. H. bhc 
hati one (.hild, E)!7.a, who afterward married Sylvester Young. The second wifr 
wri^l'olly Dcnison, from Walpole, .N'. H. Her children wt re. 

i*^^'jncy Lorame, married a Hammond and lived in Ticonderog'a. 

2. Denibon, mirried Amy Reynolds. 

\. Mary Ann, marnei! Lorenzo Gibhs. 

4. Merlin Ward, married Jane Gihbs. 

klijah Anjfier was tliriie married. His first wife was Orilla Chandler, and her 
children were Calvin, Lucy and Levi. His second wife was Orissa Char.d'.cr, 
prr^umably tlie .-is".er of Orilla, and she had no children. His third wife, whom 
he mirried after iumin)f to \Vestport, was N'arcissa Loveland, daiinhtcr of tnos, 
and her children were Onlla, Charles, Pcrrin, Pcrsis and Salinda. Mary Jane 
and Anson died in infancy. 

Ihe wife of Lulher Angier WIS Sar.ih th.-u children were Eiu;ly 
Luther, Aaron, Gt;_or)jc, M-irijaret and Allen. 



TowD Meetinof opened agreeable to udjourumeDt at the 
houst''of Bouton Lobdell ou the first Tuesday in April, 
1S16. -"'■ 

1. Voted Charles Hatch Supervisor. 

2. Boutou Lobdell, Town Clerk. 

H. Jobii Lobdell. Joseph Stacy, Jesse Braman, Assessors. 

4. Levi Frisbie, Collector. 

5. Joseph Stacey, Enos Loveland, Poor Masters. 

(1. John T>obdell. Cideon Hammond, Joseph Staeey, 
Coins, of Highways. 

7. Charles Hatch, Samuel Cook, Jr., Bouton Lobdell, 
Com. of Common Schools. 

8. Ivevi Frisbie. Araos Smith, Timothy Sheldon. Con- 

9. Timothy Sheldon. Asa A. Andrews, John Lobdell, 
Euos Loveland, Jesse Braman, John Weston. Inspectors 
of Common Schools. 

10. Timothy Sheldon. Elijah Dunton. Caleb P. Cole, 
Joseph S':ac'ey. Joel Finney, Daniel Wric^'ht. John Weston. 
Enos Loveland. Fence Viewers and Pound Masters. 

U. Amos Panufborn. Thomas Dunton, Geor^-e B. Reyn- 
olds. Thomas Emmons. Daniel "Wrii^ht, Jesse Braman. 
Jtibn Harper. Joel Finney, John Lewis, Samuel Storrs, 
En^)s Loveland, John Strincrham, John Xicholds. A. 
Andrews. Overseers of Hi (fh ways. 

12. To raise double the sum allowed by the State for 
the suppoit of Common Schools. 

\?>. To raise twenty Dolla-'s for tbo Support of the Poor. 

14. Town Meetintr adjourned to the house of Bouton 
Lobdell on the first Tuesday in April, 1S17. 

SurveyVf the road from the house of Almon Phillips in 
the town a^Essex to the upper falls in the town of Ticon- 
doro<ra. acL-ordiUi: to an act of the Legislature passed in 
the session of 1.^14. 

The ])oiuts mentioned are Thomi)sou's house, Northwest 
Bay. Duut)n's. Deac()n Uriah Palmer's, and "'opposite 
Stot;e"s house." Surveyed by Jonathan Wallis, Jr.. 1814. 
Signed by Charles Hatch, Levi Thompson. Ransom Noble. 
Commissioners. Recorded March 20, 1817. 

I aui uot sure where the house of Boutou Lobdell, in 

^vliirli llie seeojjt.1 town iijettiug was hold, stood iu ISIG. 


Lliave been tt:)ld that he built the house in the north 
part of the vilhij^e, at the top of the "Mclntyre liill,'' 
r^fwr owneil by Dr. Morse of Boston, but it is doubtful 
if this house was built as early as 1810. 

The summer which followed this town meeting? was 
known as "th.e cold summer," or "eighteen hundred and 
starved to death," when it is said that snow fell dur- 
ing every month of the year. Some accounts motlify 
this by exeeptiuij; August. It is certain that it was a 
season phenomenally cold and dry, with an almost uni- 
versal failure of crops. It was felt through all New 
Englaud, as town liistories of that section attest. Al- 
most every family has legends to relate of the experi- 
ences of that year. In my own family we tell the story 
of my grandmother, then a little girl seven years old, 
being sent out into the garden to pick green currants 
in the snow, because a snow storm had fallen after the 
currants were formed, and it was plain that there was 
no use wiiiting for the fruit to ripen. 

In this year the lied Bird line of stages, running 
from New York to Montreal, was established by I^eter 
Comstock, and marks a great advarce in the means <:>f 
tiT'flCcJ. State aid in the maintenance of the princi[)al 
)OKds followed, and W'estport took another step nearer 
the seaboard. 

Not until March 2o of 1810 did the Baptist church, 
by a vc^te of its members, change its name fioiu 
"Northwest Bay Church" to "First Baptist Church of 
West])ort." AjuI at almost the same time another 
churcii was formed in the town. It began as the Baj)- 

ni STORY OF WEsrroRr soo 

tist cliurc]i had begun, as a necessity for the spiritual 
life r.f settlers from older communities who had brought 
their religion with them when they came. 

Since 1796 this region had formed part of a Metho- 
dist circuit, with a fev.- heroic preachers who threaded 
the wilderness in search of souls, and it is quite likely 
that Westport had been visited by some of them before 
this, but we have no record before the spring of 1816, 
when Moses Amadou was sent to preach in the south- 
ern part of the town. Here the most stirring and 
prominent Methodist was Capt. Levi Frisbie, not at all 
the kind of man to hide his light under a bushel, 
whether the business on hand was fighting or praying. 
\Yhen the first class was organized he was its leader, 
and there were but four other members. One was his 
wife, Sally, another whs Amy Hatch, wife of Charles 
Hatch, and there were also Clara Low and Lydia Dun- 
ton. Soon after were added John Low, Mrs. Good- 
speed, John Ferris and Patience his wife, Mrs. Widow 
Martin, Lucy Lovcland, v/ife of Erastus, and Betsey 
Farusworth, daughter of Cliarles and Amy Hatch. 
Most of these people lived south of the village, except 
Mrs. I'^ch and Mrs. Loveland, who lived at Northwest 
Bay. Preaching was in the school house on the lake 
road, in the district which we now call '"Graetre's," and 
sometimes at the Bay, as we find the next year that the 
Baptists gave up the use of the school-house there to 
their Methodist brethren "one-eighth of the time," 
which is supposed to mean that the Methodists expected 
the circuit rider only once in two mouths. The social 


ineetiugs were held at the house of Captain Frisbio, a 
Jog bouse standing where the stone house now stands 
wj^ich his son Levi so long occupied, at Fisher's Mill 
on Mullein brook, and at Low's, which was near the 
place where Henry Sheldon now lives. The early quar- 
terly meetings to which people came from all parts of 
the Ticonderoga Circuit, (which "embraced all the 
country south of the top of tb.e mountains between the 
Ansable river and Willsborough to Lake George,")were 
held in Captain Frisbie's barn, and afterward in the 
grove in the village just north of the Sherwood cottage. 
We know that in September of ISIG Captain Amos 
A. Durfey was on board his sloop CJio.m]tJai)i, as Sam- 
\\e\ Cook had afterward occasion to make afhdavit (in 
a case where it necessary to prove an alii>i) that he 
went with him to Whitehall. The famous lake pilot, 
Phineas Durfe}', belonged to this family of Westport 
Durfeys, and they all had a natural love for the water. 


Town .Meetiug opened agreeble to adjournment in the 
liuuse of Buutou Lubdell hi said town on the first Tuesday 
hjXVd. 1817. 

1. Voted John Lobdell, Supervisor. 

2. IJoutuu Lobdell. Town Clork. 

3. Gideon Hammond, Timothy Shelden, Enos Loveland, 

4. Gideon Hammond, Timothy Shelden, Jesse Rraraan, 
Com. of Highways. 

5. Levi Ftisbie, Collector. 

»•). Enos Lovoluud, Jo.sepb Stacey, Poormasters. 
7. Bouton Loudoli. Samuel Cook, Jr.. Diodoras Hol- 
eomb, Conunissiouers of Common Schools. 


8. Levi Frisbie. Warren Harper, Charles Fisher, 
Chuuies B. Hatch. Coustables. 

9. Jesse Braman, Daniel Wrijrht, Caleb P. Cole, Sam- 
uel Cook, Jr.. Timothy Sheldeti, George H. Andrews, John 
Lobdell. Samuel Storrs, Fence VicvversaudPouud ^Masters. 

10. 5>iiomas Walton, Thomas Duutou, Jr., Asa Love- 
latad, Jacob Mathews, Calvin Angier, John Weston, Sam- 
uel Denton. Johnson Hill, Isaac kna])p, Amos Smith. Ly- 
man Smith, David Chandler, John Nichols, George H. 
Andrews, Overseers of Highways. 

11. To raise seventy-five dollars for the support of the 

12. Piatt R. Halstead, John Lobdell. Enos Loveland. 
Timothy Shelden, John Weston, Asa A. Andrews, In- 
spectors of Comnion Schools. 

IH. That the P.allance due of ten Dollars— Pvaised in 
1S15 for the Purchase of Tow^o Books Being three Dollars 
t.t thirty four cents, now in the hands; of Enos Loveland. 
Ksqr.. be applied for the purchase of three Locks for Elec- 
tion Boxes, a-nd residue (if any) to the support of the Poor. 

Oo the ni«^bt of Jauuary 15, 1817, occurred a great 
domestic calaiuitj, and one which occasioned much ex- 
citement in tl)e village. It was the burning of the 
house at Basin Harbor. The first liotise stood, like 
the present one, in full sight across the water, and I 
suppose no member of the houscliold of John Hal- 
stead ever rose in the morning without turning a tirst 
outward look toward the old home. To the oldest son, 
whose «^h"th place it had been, it was almost more a home 
than his father's house, and during the war which was 
only three years in the past his most vivid experiences 
had been connected with it. There Commodore Mac- 
donough and his oflicers had sat in the parlor on the 
seconil Ihjor, witli their wine glasses and toijaceo, while 
the great kitchen below was filled with sailors drinking 
thtjir ale, and the boyish lieutenant had been proud to 


ilrittk with the other officers, ami to feel himself a part 
of -it, all — that potout esprit da corp>i seen nowhere else 
as it is seen in army life. And now instead of the 
friendlv glitter of windows in the morning sun, he saw 
a colij"inn of smoke lisiuj^ from roofless and blackened 
walls, and knew that the house had burned in theni^-^ht. 
It was only four miles away, but the lake had frozen 
thinly over the day before, making asheetof ice through 
which it was impossible to force a boat, while it was 
not considered strong enough to bear tlie weight of a 
man. But tlie occasion was desperate, and young Hal- 
stead, accompanied by another man, (Jacob Pardee, I 
think.) put on his skates and started out. They agreed 
to keep a long distance apart, since ice which will bear 
the weight of one may not bear the weight of two, and 
each promised that if one broke in the other should 
not stop nor go near him, but keep skating for dear 
life, as the only safety lay in swift motion. The ice 
bent under them like leather, but they went like the 
wind and got across in safety. Half way over the ice 
was covered with ashes and cinders blown from the 
ruins of the burned house, and as he skated Halstead 
saw H'^iing past him a charied leaf of tire great family 
Bible, whicli he had turned at his grandmother's knee. 
The house and its contents were a complete loss, the 
family barely escaping with their lives. Many an heir- 
loom went up iu smoke that night, and niany a record 
which has never been replaced. The present house 
was built npon the old foundation the following sum- 
mer, very like it in gentu'al features, and with a great 


chiinuej and fireplaces which havo since been removed, 
T4^e next July Presideut James Monroe went through 
the lake, taking the steamboat at Whitehall and arriv- 
ing at Plattsburgh on Saturday, July 27, at noon. The 
Bteai?iboat must have been the Phonx, Capt. Jahaziel 
Sherman, the second steamboat on ilie lake, built at 
Yergennes in 1815. Her name was prophetic, as she 
was burned about two years after she carried the Presi- 


Town Meetioir opened agreeable to adjourumeul at the 
s(;hool bouse in District No. 'd in said towu on the 7th day 
of April, ISIS. 

1. Voted Johu Lobdell. Supervisor. 

2. Boutou Lobdell, Town Clerk. 

3. Enos Loveland, Gideon Ilammoud, George H. An- 
drews. Assessors. 

4. Levi Frisbie, Collector. 

5. Enos Loveland. Joseph Staecy , Ovei'soers of the Poor. 
(). John Lobdell, Gideon Hammond, Timothy Shelden, 

Com. of Highways. 

7. Boutou Lobdell, Diodoras Holcomb, Samuel Cook. 
Jr., Com. of Coinnion Schools. 

8. Alexander Spencer, Johu Lobdell, John Wcstou, 
Daniel W. .Stiirtt- vaut, Timothy Shelden, Enos Loveland, 
Inspectors of Cominou Schools. 

0. ^Yalle^■^V. Kellogg. Levi Frisbie, Charles Fisher. 
Con stay OS. 

10. 5\:iot]iy Shelden, Joseph Stacey. George B. Reyn- 
olds, Calviu Aagier, Samuel Storrs, Piatt R. Halstead. 
Fence Vievirers and Pouad Masters. 

n. Jesse Jones, John Sliarman, James W. Call. John 
Ferris, Jr., Amos Culver, Elijah Angier, Jesse Bramau, 
Augustus Hill. Johu Kiugsiey, Isaac Kuapp, Josei»n 
Storrs, Eli Ferris, Johu Chandler, Cyrus Eiichards, Joseph 
Stacey, Jr., Overseers of Highwavs. 

iL'. That Fence Viewers and Pound Masters have sev- 
t-nty ceul.-^ pt-r day. 


lo. To raise double the sum ullovved for tbo support of 

"^lA. To raise oue hundred dollars for the su[)port of the 

]o. Touii Mectiiii^f adjourned to the school house in 
Disl. No. >\ in said To^'iion the tirstTuesday in April, ISll*. 

"^•^J^e "school house in District No. 3" was at North- 
west Bay, aud stood on the south side of the bridge, on 
the place where Low Fuller's house now stands. It 
was the largest public buildiui;; then in town, and was 
used not only iov town meeting, but for the Sunday 
seivices and business meetings of both churches. 

Nothing more tiresome can be conceived than the 
literary style of the descriptioub of the highway dis- 
tricts in the town book, but man}- interesting facts can 
be gleaned from them nevertheless. This year we find 
mention of "Braman's ;^Jill," which seems to have been 
called "Coats' Mill" in 1815, ff)r no reason that I can 
discover. The place is called invariabh l^raman's 
Mills after this until 182-2, when we find "Wadham's 
and Braman's Forge," and shortly afterward ^Yadll;un's 
Mills, a name which still endures. 

AYe tind also "Brayuard's barn" and "Braynard's 
Forge" as landmarks this year, and "Hatch's wharf," 
the first mention of a wharf in tlie records, though we 
believe it to have been built some years before this 

lu July of 1818, the body of General Eichard Mont- 
gomery, who was kiiletl at tlie attack uf)on Quebec, on 
the last day of the year 1775, and who was buried near 
the ramparts of that city, was carried from Quebec to 


New York, and giveu its final burial in St. Paul's 
ehurchjarcl. Sa3-s Watson, "The remains of Mont- 
gomery were borne through the country, accompanied 
\>y ever}' exhibition of love and reverence." The fu- 
neral train passed up the lake on the Fheniv, draped 
with the tiappiugs of woe and the insignia of the state, 
with ilags floating at half mast, as we now see the line 
boat on similar occasions. Forty-three years had 
passed since Montgomery and his army went down the 
lake to Canada, and at that time there was no village 
in Northwest Bay, and no eye save that of deer or wolf, 
ghiucing out of the thicket, to see the advance of the 
army. A few souls there were at the Puiymond settle- 
ment, to be driven away the next year, never to return. 
Now the Champlain valley had changed marvelously, 
with farms and villages, and a pushing, fearless life of 
industry on both land and water. 

This year four Westport men received the appoint- 
ment of Justice of the Peace: Bouton Lobdell, Enos 
Loveland, John Lobdell and Gideon Hammond. Jus- 
tices were not yet elected, but appointed by the Coun- 
cil of Appointment sitting at Albany. 

Isaac Stone came from Cavendish, Yt., and settled 
on the lake road, on Bessboro, on the farm so long 
owned by his son Granville, and which has been only 
recently sold out of the family. On this farm is the 
stoue quarry. 


Town Meetioi,' opened agreeable to adjourLuneut at the 


school house ia District No. ?> in the Said Town ou the Gth 
da'V of April, 181!». 

1. \'oted Johu Lobdell, Supervisor. 

2. Ebeuczer Newell, Town Clerk. 

3. Gideon Hammond, Enos Lovcland, Georo^e H. An- 
drews. Assessors. 

4. Levi Frisbie, Collector. 

5. Enos Lovelund. Joseph Stacey, Overseers of the 

6. Joel Burrow^s, Timothy Shelden. Jesse Bramau. 
Com. Hiirhwavs. 

7. Samuel Cook, Jr., Diodorus Ilolcomb, Charles B. 
Hatch, Com. of Schools. 

8. Enos Lovcland. John Lobdell, Gideon Hammond. 
Alexander Spencer, Elijah Storrs, Joel Burrows. Inspec 
tors of Schools. 

9. Levi Frisbie, Walter W. Kello<:g, Charles Fisher, 
TUlinghast Colo. Constables. 

10. Timothy Shelden, Jra Henderson, Cajeb P. Cole. 
Elijah Dunton, Samuel Storrs, Joel Finney, No.^ton Noble, 
Elijah Storrs, Daniel Wrii^ht, Joel BCirrows, Fence View- 

n. Charles Hatch, Pound Master. 

VI. Daniel P. Lock, Charles Wood, Elijah Dunton. Til- 
linghast Cole, Charles Hatch. Henry Thatcher, Daniel 
Wright, Joseph Hardy, Sanjuel Denton. Samuel Storrs. 
John Daniels. Hrd. Johnsou Hill. Lyman Smith, John 
Chandler. Harvey Stone. Johu Shcai'man. Jr., Overseers 
High\. ays. 

Voted tu raise ten dollars to build a pound thirty feet 
square, si.K feet high, to be paid to Charles Hatch. Esqr.. 
he tiuding ground to Sett said pound on, with a good door 
and loek. 

To raise double the sum for the use of schools that we 
receive from the state. 

To raise one hundred and fifty dollars for the support 
of the poor. 

That the (jverseers of the pcK)r be authorized to hire a 
bouse for the benetit of the poor. 

It will liave been observed that the sum raised yearly 
for the support of the poor steadily increased, from 
twenty dollars in ISlo to one hundred and til'ty in 1811> 

u [STORY OF wKsrroirr :u:i 

.-liowiuij; a large increase of population. At this time 
each town assumed the entire care of its paupers, the 
tust move toward adopting the plan of county sup])ort 
of tlie poor being made in 1S18, and the county house 
built in 1S33. 

This year Ezra Caitor Gross was our llepreseutative 
in Congress. He was the young lawyer associated with 
^\'illiauJ Ka}- in the editorship of the Ri'veUh iu 1812, 
and his daughter afterward taught in the Academy here. 

This year the old system of making the fence view- 
ers also pound masters with the duty of keeping stray 
animals in their own barnyards until reclaimed by 
tliiir owners, was changed, and one pound master ap- 
pointed for the whole town. The pound was to be built 
at Northwest Bay, wliicli shows the relative importance 
of that place at this time. That the village was grow- 
iiiL; rapidly is also siiown by the fact that in this year 
the northern part of it was mapped into streets and lots. 

When Charles Hatch came in 1802 he settled just 
outside the limits of the Ananias map, drawn to facili- 
tate the sale of John Halstead's land. Some time af- 
terward he bought the corner lot at the top of the lake 
hill, and there built the first store, which was for a long 
time the only one in tlie township. His dealings pros- 
pered, and iu seventeen years' time he had beconje pos- 
sessed of the greater ]iart of the land north of the 
territoVy of the Ananias map, and seeing that there was 
a demand for village lots, he employed Diadorus Hoi 
cond>, who seems io have tidded to his ujedical ed\ica- 
iiiiji a knowledge of surveying. t'.» maj) out the laud. 

314 iifSTORV OF wi:sTrc)irr 

The map wliich was drawn Las passed tliiougb uianv 
bands, and has had one or two thrilling escapes from 
destruction, but is still preserved entire, and an exact 
copy now hangs in the village Library. The original 
map was drawn with a quill pen on heavy paper, and 
backed with cloth. It is made in two parts, called Map 
No. 1 and Map No. 2, the tirst extending from Wash- 
ington street to the brook, and the second from the 
brook to the north line of the lot upon which stood the 
old Richards House, now burned. At the right of th-^ 
map is the following descri{)tion. 

At the request of Charles f^ateh, Esqr., 1 have surveyed 
ov laid out. cornered and numoered. on the west side of 
Lake Champlaiu. adjoining Xoi-tb West Bay. in the Town 
of West Port, County of BIssex and State of New York, the 
lots of laud and streets herein laid down and marked, 
a^jreeable to .Mao Number Fi)-st and Second. 

The courses of the lots are known by the courses of the 
streets thereon written. Washiutjton Street. Main Street, 
l^leasant street and North Street are sixty-six feet wide. 
Water Street, Charles Street and East Street are thirty- 
three feet wide. P^ach lot not otherwise described is a 
regular oblong' square, being fifty feet in front and rear 
and one hundred feet deep. Those lots which vary ar-^ 
marked in feet on the line thus varyintr. Each lot is cor- 
nered with a red cedar stake. 

Those lots on Map No. 1st east of Main Street are cor 
mued or numbered on the .south west corner. Tiiose lo's 
on Ma[) No. 2nd west of East Street are numbered on ti;e 
north wfst corner. Those east of East Strei^t are num- 
bered ou the .south east corner. 

Being tifty-eit^ht lots ou Map No. Ist.thirty-twt) ou Mu[> 
No. 2n'i. amounting to ninety lots iu all. Both Maps ari^ 
laid to a scale of ei;zlity feet to an inch. 

Perfornu'fi .\ui,'ust 2r>th. IKllt. by Diodorus Holomb. 

Here we have four new streets named. Pleasant. 

N'jrth, CharK's and F-ast,, and on the uKip itself we tind 

lilsToiiY OF wi:.stj'()/:t :uo 

^lill Street, runuiiii^ from the brid^^e to tlio "old stoiio 
mill," wliich was perhaps the New Stone Mill tliat 
year, though Henry Holcouib thought that hn chhiM 
reineujber before it was built, and as he was only three 
years old when the map was drawn, it would be reas- 
onable to date its ei'eetion no earlier than 18'25. It was 
a grist Diill, as the mill stones still in nidi will prove, 
atid bo;its loaded and discharged their freight at 'the 
wljarf below it, the ruins of which can still be seen at 
low water. The roof a]id chimney of the mill did not 
fall in until the summer of 1900. 

If the mill .was not l>uilt in 1819, it is plain from the 
name and direction of Mill street that Squire Hatch 
had ah'ead^' planned it. He had also laid out a tier of 
lots between Water street and the lake, which can have 
had no value except as possible places to build wharves. 
Another new stieet was laid out, named Charles street, 
undoubtedly in honor of Charles Hatch liimself, run- 
jiing east and west just south of tlie M. E. church, 1 
.-^houhl think, and up the hill [last Mr. Andrew Daniels, 
wljich was nevL-r opened. Anotlier street whose name 
is entirely sti-auge to the ])reseut generatit)ti was East 
street, wliich ran ah^ng the western bank of the brook 
toward its mouth, turning in at the west of the bridge. 
^\"heu the map was drawn, this street gave to a 
mill whicli stood on the bank of the brook below the 

Pleasant and North are two of our principal stieets 
now, one running to the west and the other to the north 
/)-oin bi'iilge. Since the buililing of the lailroad 

:iio lusroNY OF wEsrroirr 

Pleasant street has come t() be spokeu of as "Depot 
street," but surely it is a pity not to use the old names, 
since they are all such gooil ones. As a matter of fact, 
I suppose there are hardly ton people in town who 
kuow the location of Wasliintiton or of Pleasant street, 
or can tell when they were named, or by whom, — })er- 
adveuture there may not be five to whom the informa- 
tion to be obtained from this old map will not be en- 
tirely new. 

Judge Hatch (he was appointed Judge of the Court 
of Common Pleas in 1814/seen)s to have owned all the 
land of this map with the exception of three large lots. 
One of these, lying just south of the bridge, on the east 
side of Main street, is marked "Win. S. McLoud's Lot," 
and then across it in another hand is written "Porter 
Lot." On North street, where the Pvichards House 
afterward stood, is "Ira Henderson's Ijot," and along 
the brook above the bridge, where most of the mills 
stood at that tiuu% lie "B. Merrick's Lots." This must 
mean that Barnabas ^lyrick had already bought land 
here. He was at this time a young uian of twenty-four. 
He afterward built the large white house on North 
street, with its pillared porch in two stories, looking 
toward the lake, and he owned and operated a saw 
mill, tannery and ashery at Northwest Bay, as well 
as forges on the lUack river and at Wadhams. 

As we have seen, three streets named on these old 
maps are not now in existence, excopt that part of Wa- 
ter street which extends north from the steamboat 
wharf. It is evident that these earliest map makers 

jiistohy of wsiyrroirr :ut 

lujlicNfd tLat the future jj;ro\v{h of the village would be 
!nuch closer to the water's edge tliau was actually 
the case, and sites for wharves were more ljif];lily valued 
thau has since been justified by the develoj)njent of 
tiie town. 

Liberty street was not opened until \^\-A\, nor the 
short street which connects it with Washiupiton. The 
stiet>t which runs west from the old Douglass wharf, 
now owned b}' D. F. Payne, was not opened until after 
1825, and the streets north and west from the Marks 
cottage still later. None of these later streets has ever 
received a name, except the one opened in 1889, at the 
same time of the opening of Oklahoma Territory to 
white settlement, which was therefore popularly desig- 
nated as Oklahonni, and is still known by that name. 
A committee of citizens to choose suitable names for 
the streets opened since the making of Hatch's map, 
would do a public service for which future generations 
might well thank them, provided that the names se- 
lected were appropriate, pleasing in sound, not too 
rommon, and, if possible, suggestive of persons or 
events influential in Westport history. 

No map of the village seems to have been drawn from 
1810 to 1870, when the large atlas of E^sex county was 
published by O. W. Gray c^- Sc^i, Thila. The latter 
shows the village as it was just before the tire of 1870, 
nnd is consequently of the greatest value. 

Town UieerifiLT iii'Ui af the seho(»I house in District No. H, 
April 4. 

:us iiisToin' OF WKSTJ'uirr 

Charles Hatch, Supervisor. 

Kbeuezer Ntnvoll. Clork 

John r^>bdell, (iidoon Hammotui. Joseph Stacey. Asses- 

Lovi Frisbio, Collector. 

Eno.s Lovolund and Joseph Sta(^ev, Pooniuisters. 

Joel Earrouifhs, Jesse Braiiian, Timothy bheldoii, Com- 
riiisioncrs of IJi<:lnvays. 

Diadorus Uolcoinb" Charles B. tfatch. Piatt R. Halstead, 
Coiiiniissiouers of Commou Schools. 

Leman Bradley, Harry Stooe. Joel Biirroii^bs. lDs[)ei-- 
tors of Schools. 

Levi Frisbie. Rufus Ashley. Walter W. Kello^i,''. Cousta- 

Joel Biirroutfbs, Jesse Braman. Charles Hatch. James 
Coll, Joseph Stacey. Piatt Sheldou, EaosIx>veland, Samuel 
Storrs, I'ence Vie^"ers. 

Charles B. Hutch, Pound Master. 

Overseers of Highways. — AppoUos Williams. Piatt Shel- 
dou. Isaac Stone, Jesse Mooers. Aj,a Lyon. Samuel Chan- 
dler. Henry Royce, Francis Hardy. William Storrs, John 
Lobdell. John Chamberlain, Walter W. Kello^jf":, Enos 
Ti.)Veland. Gideon Hammond. Harry Stone. Abel Culver. 

Survey of the Alteration in the road leadincr from ColTs 
Mills to the Ferry, the Alteration betjiuning nearly op- 
posite the Hou.>>e now occupied by Daniel Johnson. (Sur- 
veyor's directions) —uotil it intersects the old road a;jain 
nrar the top of the hill east of Odie's Bay. 

This j-ear a beij;inuiu<^ was made at recortliug iu th^^ 
tdwii book the earmarks used V)y tlie farmers as .i 
mt.'aiis of identifying; their cattle and sjieep. The niost 
that the farmers of tli(~)so days could do was to fence 
tlit'ir cleared and plowed haul, while their ])astures 
stretched unfouced as far as tho forest itself extended. 
Yonnj]; cattle and slieej) were often turned put in the 
spring and left to r-i.-un all sninracn- in this common 
pastur;ige. In the fall the farmer drove in all his stock, 
and in oriler to separate his own frtnu his neii/Jiliors, 

iiiSToiiY OF WEsrronr :uo 

(listiiif^uisliiiig marks were necessary. In tlif west of 
■to-ilay the cow boys brand tlieir stock, but in the east- 
ern colonies "earmarks" made with a sharp knife, were 
used, and it was common to record them in the town 
books. ]-*erhaps the custom wjis becomlnf^j obsolete, 
for only one ear-mark is here recorded, though a large 
sjtace was left at the back of the book. This was ''Eli- 
jah Angler's IMark, A Cross of the Left Ear." 

In this 3'ear, 1820, there were large additions to both 
churches, and a general revival, followed by years of in- 
creased prosperity. The presiding elder of the Ticon- 
dcroga Circuit ^vas then John B. Strattou, and Jame.s 
Level, preacher. In the history of tlie-M. E. Church, 
prepared In- tlie liev. J. E. Bowen, to which T am en- 
tirely indebted for facts concerning this church, men- 
tion is made of these names added in 1820: Sally Fris- 
bie. (daughter of Levi Frisbie,) Mrs. James ]Mclntyre, 
Joshua, Susan and Kate Sniith, jind Nathaniel Allen 
and wife, the last two received by letter. In the Bap- 
tist church the preacher was Elder John S. Carter, 
from Addison, Yt., v/ho was the first settled pastor of 
the* church. The year behne, the Bajitist church had 
voted to build a parsonage, and this year a committee 
w;(s ajtpointed t*) carry on the work, Edward Cole, Dia- 
dorns Holcomb and Enos Loveland. Thus it is ju-ob- 
ahh' tliNt at this time the lunise was bailt which served 
a- the Baptist parsonage until about twenty tive years 
HL.'o. It stands on Main street and is now owned by 
Mrs. Marian Sherman. Both churches still held jniblic 
x-rvict* in the school honst-. 


The year of 1820 was welcoinod by a New Year's Bull 
"at Esquire Newell's," which moans at the house of 
Elienezor Newell, who was a Justice of tlie Peace, auJ 
who lived ou PleasaDt street. That it was quite a 
social eveut is shown by the fact tluit a nuiuber of 
chuvcl^ members were present, their action sternly 
deprecated by tlie ascetic New England reli^iiious sen- 
timent,- with its horror of dancinr;, which was rapidly 
risiufT with the iuereaseof church influence in the place. 

Settlers were coining in all the time from the New 
England states. In 1S20 John Hodgkins came from 
Chai-leston, N. H., and settled ou the Boqiiet iu tlie 
southeast corner of Lewis, just across the town line. 
His wife was Diautha Prouty, and they had six chil- 
dren, John F., Lavina, Kichard M., Edmond O.. Lewis 
AV., and Samuel. Edmond O. Ilodgkius was deacf^u 
and trustee of the Congregational church at Wadhams 
for years. Three of his sons, Samuel H., Frank, and 
Ezra K., are now prominent business men in West- 
port, Samuel H. Hodgkins being the present supervisrir. 

There is a reminder of the social condition of the 
times in the fact that in 1820 Commodore Barron shot 
Commodore Decatur in a duel. Duelling was still sa- 
credly observed among ofaoers of the army and navy, 
and was not unknown among civilians. 

Town uveetiu£: held iu the school house. 
(Jideon tlaminond, Supervisor. 
Ebene/.er Newel!, Town clerk. 

Tmiuthy Sbehu.m. .lobii Luixlell and Calvin Augier. As- 

- iiiSTORy OF WKSTi'oirr 321 

Levi Frisbie, Collector. 

Charles Hatch and Caleb P. Cole, Poor Ma<^ters. 

Joc-l Burrows, Jesse Bramaa and Charles Fisher, High- 
way Commissioners. 

Edos l^veland. Charles B. Hatch and Ira Henderson, 
School Commissioners. 

Leman Bradley, Piatt R. Halstead and Asa Lyon, School 

Levi Frisbie, Walter W. Kellogg, Piatt R. Halstead. Dl- 
adorus Hulcomb and Rufus Ashley, Constables. 

Fence Viewers. — Joe! Burrows, Jesse Brarnan, Charles 
Hatch, James \V. Coll. Joseph Stacy, Piatt Sheldon, Enos 
Loveland and Samuel Storrs. 

Overseers of High ways. -Joseph Ormsby. Timothy Shel- 
don, Crosby Mclveuzie. Asa Loveland, Caleb P. Cole, 
Asabel Lyon, Luther Augier, Daniel Wright, Norton 
Noble. Lewis Sawyer, Jacob Mathews. John i.obdell. Ab- 
uer Fish, Abrahan) Nichols, John Chandler, Henry Stone, 
John Pine. 

Charles B. Hatch, Pound Keeper. 

Voted that, the Overseers of the Poor be authorized to 
hire a House for theii' Poor the Ensuing year. 

In the road surveys there is mentioned a road which 
ran '"from Braman's to Winslow's Mills." Road district 
No. 5 is extended ''south on the state road to the south 
line of Halstead 's lot." 

lo 1821 our Member of Asscml^ly was Ebeiiezer 
Douglass of Ticouderoga, who afterward came to West- 
]>ort. Onr riopresentative iu Congress was again Ezra 
C. Gross. 

This year wo Lave the first positive iuformatiou in 
regard to a post ofhce here, though it is not likely thafc 
this was its first establishment. In those days of high 
postage and small po])ulatiou, the duties of a postmas- 
ter were by no means arduous. It was very common 
for the country store keeper to receive the appointmeL-l 
hence there is reason to believe tliat diaries Hatch 
first lield this office. Tradition also suggests the name 


of Samuel Cook. This paper, foniid ;unou<^ the elTecls 
of Mr. Peter Ferris, settles the point, for this year at 
least, of the man who carried the mail. 

"I, John Ferris, Jr., of the town of Westport and 
state of New York, do swear that I will faithfully per- 
form all the duties required of me, and abstain from 
everything forbidden by the law in relation to the es- 
tablishment of Post Oitices and Post Pioads within the 
United States. 

"I do solemnly swear that 1 will support the Consti- 
tution of the United States. 

Signed John Feuris, Jii. 

Sworn and subscribed before me this ) 
day of January, 1821. f 


Justice of the Pence. 

John Ferris lived at the turn of the road as you <^o 
down to the ferry at Barber's Point, and 1 have no 
doubt that he brought the mail on horseback froii) 
Vergeunes, crossing on this ferr}'. 

March 3, 1821, Piatt Pvogers Halstead received the 
appointment of Commissioner of Deeds, and was also 
made Loan Commissioner. 

In 1821 Jason Dunster came to the village at the 
Falls, then called Braman's Mills. Tlie Dunsters couje 
of the very best American ancestry, being descended 
directly from that Henry Dunster who came from Eng- 
land to Massachusetts in 1G40, and was immedi.itely 
chosen as the first President of Harvard College, then 
in its very beginnings. President Dunster was selecteil 

IIJSTOh'y OF ]VKSTJ'0/rr S2:i 

for tlie place ou accouut of bisjj;reat leaniiii;,' and piety, 
am] lie filled it with credit for twelve years. The fam- 
ily remained in Cambridge for four generations. J<nia- 
tlian, you nicest son of President Dunster, was a farmer, 
and bis v/ife's name was Abigail Eliot. Their oldest 
s'.ui, Heur}, married IMartlia llussell. daughter of Jason 
Kusscll, and his youngest son was named Jason, Jason 
married Rebecca Cutter, and to him descended the old 
Dunster homestead in Cambridge, in which he lived for 
eighteen years, moving to Mason, New Hampshire, in 
170'.). His youngest son was another Jason, born 1768, 
and he was. a soldier in the Kevolutiou, serving a part 
of the time on the Hudson river. His wife was Polly 
Meriam, and he died in 1828, and was buried at Mason. 
The third Jason, oldest sou of the second Jason, was 
the out; who came to Westport in 1821, a young man of 
twenty-seven. He bad served in the war of 1812, as an 
Ensign, being' stationed at Portsmouth, N. H. His 
sword is still preserved in his sou's family. His lirst 
wife was Azul)ah Felt, (of the same family as Abitha 
Felt, wife of Jesse Braman,) and they were accompa- 
nied to Westport by her father, Aaron Felt. After the 
deatli of his lirst wife, Jason Dunster married Hannah 
Hardy. His daughter Louise married Morris Sher- 
man, and was the mother of Ellery and of Carroll Sher- 
man. His sou Charles Cai-r(.»ll married Rachel Benson, 
and has tluf-e children living, Clara Louise, Elsie, now 
Mrs. Frank Hodgkins, and Mar}'. 

Tow;; inei.-tiii<t "iu the seuool bouse at North West Dav. "', 

:r>4 ^ insToh'V OF WKsrroirr 

Gideou lianimoiid. vSunorvisor. 

Ebe.ut'Zt.'i- Newell, Town Clerk. 

Johu Lotxiell, Joel iUirrou^His atul Piatt R. Elulsteud, 

Levi Frisbie. Collector. 

John Lobdeli and Coleo P. Cole, Poor .Masters. 

NortoD Noble, Charles B. Hatch and Charles Fisher, 
Hi^fhway Conimissiouers. 

Charles B. Hatch, Piatt K. Halsteadaud Ira Hendersou, 
School Commissioners. 

BoutoQ Lobdeli, .Asahel Lyon a'ld Diadorus PT'>]comb. 
School Inspectors. 

Levi Frisbie and Philo Kingsley, Constables. 

Charles Hatch, Pound Keeper. 

Fence Viewers. — Timothy Sheldon, Tillioghast Cole, 
Harrj' Stone, Enos Loveland, Daniel \Vric,'ht and JoIiq 

Overseers of Highways. — Ralph Walton. Charles Wood, 
James Coll, Jesse More, Caleb I'. Cole, Barnabas My rick, 
Elijah Ani^'ier, Alexander Frazier, Moses Felt. Oliver H. 
Barrett. John Hauiels, 3rd, John Kini]:sley. Johnson Hill, 
Joshua Smith, Gideon Hammond, Harry Stune, Washing- 
ton Lee, Jolin Chamberlain. 

Voted to raise §1U1,I fur the support of the poor. ?25 to 
repair the '•bridge at Johu Shearman's" and •■double the 
the sum allowed bv the state for the suppoi't of common 
schools. " 

Survey of a •"road beginning at a Hemlock Tree standing 
on tbe Lake .shore near the old Wharf in Chauncey Bar- 
ker's Bay, " and .running '•to the Ijake road a fevr rods' 
north of the house now occupied by John Ferris, Jun. 
.-Vlso a road beginning at the south wharf of the Widow 
Huldah Barber, and intersecting the main road 'opposite 
of the -•."d Widow Barber's horse shed." Also aRoad lead- 
ing from •'Wadham's and Braman's Forge" 15 Braynard's 
wid Mitehel's Forge. 

In October of this year occurred the deatli rrnd fu- 

ueral of General Daniel ^Y right, the latter conducted 

with military honor.s. Only eight years had passed 

since the battle of Plattsburgh, and it still seemed to 

these people but an event of \esterday. The annual 


militia traiuiiigs ha<l incvt^ased steadily iu pomp auil 
pircuinstanco, aud there is uo doubt that this occasion 
Avas truly au imposiug ceremony. Ofticors and men at- 
tended from the three counties of the Fortieth Brigade, 
and all that horses, uniforms, musket and pistol, sword 
and cockade, muffled drum, crape and mourning ban- 
ners could do, was done, to render the funeral of Gen- 
eral "Wright a sight tol'O remfnibered. The procession 
came down the hills from the General's farm, into the 
village antl up Pleasant street to the cemetery, headed 
by the Brigadier-General of the Fortieth Brigade, who 
was at that time Luman Wadhams. 

General Wadharas may not have moved his family 
from Lewis to Westport at this time, but he must have 
bought property at the Falls before this, as we find ref- 
erence iu the road surveys to "Wadham's and Braraan's 
Forge," and he came here to live soon after. The name 
of ^A^ldllams is probably the oldest to be found iu con- 
nection with Westport history. It dates back .to the 
days of King Edward I., iu merry old England. The 
family was an honorable as well as an ancient one, "and 
became allied to many great and noble houses," says 
Prince in his "Worthies of Devon." The most illus- 
trious names in the line are those of Nicholas Wadham 
and Dorothy his wife, who together founded Wadham 
College at Oxford iu 1009. The first of the name to 
come to America was John Wadham, who came from 
Somersetshire, England, to Wethersfield, Connecticut, 
in 1G50. For three generations the family sojourned 
in Wetherstield, and it seems to have been iu this |)e- 

■rjh- nisTORY OF wr.srroRT 

rioJ that the letter "s" was added to the name. Fov 
two geiioratious they were in Goshen, Oonuectieut, and 
it was in Gosheu that Luman Wadhams, the first of tlie 
name in ^Ycstport, was born, in 1782. He went to Char- 
lotte, Vt., on the eastern shore of Lake Ohamplaiu, 
about 1800, and there he married a widow, Luc}- Pi in- 
die, born Bostwick. (The tirst of her family to come 
to America was Ebenezer 13ostwick, from Cheshire, in 
1068.) In 1809 Luman Wadhams came from Vermont 
to Lewis, and soon after 18'i2 he was living at the place 
soon afterward called Wadhams Mills. The mill prop- 
erty there remained in the Wadhams famih* for over 
fort}- years. 

General Luman Wadhams aud Lucy his wife had five 
children : 

\. Lucy Alvira married Dr. Dau Stiles Wright as his 
second wife. Dr. Wright was practicing mediciue 
ID Westport before ISol. He does not seem to nave 
oeen at ati related to General Daniel Wrignt, since lie was 
tne second s;,m of P'benezer and Lucrelia (Wood) Wright, 
of Shorebam, V't. His first wifes name was EieutheriU. 
aud she died in Westport, and was buried in the cemetery 
here. Nut long before her death, in 1831, the house in 
which tbey were living, on Pleasant street, (che site is 
now occupied by M r. Henry Richards" house,; was burned, 
and ^Irs. \Vrigbt curried out, while her only cliiKI, a 
-babyboy, was thrown from an upper window. xVfter bis 
second marriage Dr. Wright removed to Whiteball, ana 
was there sent to bi.)th branches of the ^State Legislature. 
Dr. V\ right and Lucy his wife bad six children, one of 
whom, Lleulheria Farnham Wrigut, married Wiliett Kug- 
er.-., sou of Ed Rogers of Whallousburgh. aud her daugh- 
ter. Kate Rogers, (now Mrs. Edgar G. U'orden, Lewi:,towu. 
Aioutaua.) taugbt'school in \Vt\stport for several years. 

2. Jan« Ana Wadhams married ticnjamin Welis of Up- 
per Jay. X. Y. 

3. William Luman Wadhams, (universally known as 
'"Deacon U'udhams, ") married Emeline I^. Cole, d;iugli.ter 


of Samuel and rri-and-daiifirhter of Edward Cole of North- 
west Bay; also <:rand-d'dU(jbter of Diodorus Holcoinb, M. 
D. They had thirteen thildren, of whom four died in in- 

William married Lucinda Skinner, 

I;iiman married Elizabeth S. Staynor, in San Francisco. 
Children, Ida, Edward, Vir^jrinia, Georc^e. Bertha. 

Lucy Bostwiek. married Herbert L. Cady. Children. 
William Lewis, Frank Blish, Frederick Wadbams, Her- 
bert Aldeu. 

Frara-os Durchard, nnrried l.^t, Georj'c D. Davenport, 
2nd, Ebeuezer J. Oriusbee, Governor of V^'ermonfc. 

Harriet Weeks, married Dr. George T. Stevens, now of 
New York. Children, Francos Virginia, Charles Wad- 
bams, Geoi-frina Wadbams. 

Samuel Dallas married, in Elmira, Gcorgina O^deu. 
Child, Hairy Albion. 

Albion Varette, married in Annapolis, Caroline Hender- 
son. Children, William Henderson, Albion James, Eliza- 
beth Wadbams. 

Frederick Eugene, married Emma, dauirhter of Dr. p]. 
D. Jones of Albany, Child, Elizabeth Jones. 

Emeline Elizabeth, married John E. Burton of Albany. 
Children. Mary Landon, John Wadbams. 

4. Aiirara E. Wadbams married Sophia Southard, of 
Essex, and resided at Wadbams Mills. Children: Edmund 
Abraham, born 1833, died at Blaine, Wash., 1900; several 
times mayor of the city. Pitt Edi^ar, born 1836, killed at 
Chancellors viile. Va., May 3, 1863. 

5. Edtjar Prindle Wadbams, the only one of the family 
to embrace the Roman Catholic faith, became the first 
Bishop of Ogdensburirti. 

Few of the Wadhaiii.s family seem to have been boru 
to obscurity, ami that one of them who has most en- 
gaged public atteutioii is perhaps Bishop Wadhams. 
Tills has come {)artly from essv'intiul and dominant 
characteristics oi the man himself, uud partly from the 
fact of his chauj^o of fuith from Protestantism to thak 
form of beUef maintained by Eoman Catholics. As a 
rule, in our couutiy, Catholics are boru and not made. 


!incl this is no truer anywliere tlian in the town of 
Avhicli tliis is a history. The writer cannot reoa]l aii- 
otlior single instance of such a chan_;:fe in belief. On 
this accoiDit, if for no other reason, oroat interest has 
alwiiys been manifested in this man. I do not know- 
that there is any complete l^iogcHjiliy of his \\U\ l>ut 
there is an interestinn; little book called "lleminiseencts 
of Bishop "Wadhatus" written hy Father Wahvorlli of 
Albany, who made the change from the Protestant 
Episcopal to the Roman Cathc-lic ohnreh at nearly the 
same time as did "\Vadh;ims. In this book we find tluit 
"NVadhams was born in Lewis in 1S17 ; entered Middlu- 
bury College in 183-1 and graduated with honors in J83S, 
Though brought up a Presbyterian, he became an Epis- 
copalian while in Middlebury, of so earnest and de- 
voted a type that he was accustomed to lift his hat 
upon passing the church. There was no settled rector 
and no regular service, and Wadhams and a friend 
of his often conducted the service them/;elves, one 
playing the organ while the other read the service. 
In 1843 "Wadhams received deacon's order in 
tlie Protestant Episco})al Church, and was sta- 
tioned in Essex county, his principal station being in 
Ticonderoga, Mith occasional services in Port Henry 
aijd Wadhams Mills. It was during this period of his 
diaconate tiiat the remarkable attempt to found a mon- 
astery at Wadhams Mills was made. It sounds wild 
4nd romantic enough, but nothing could show more 
clearly that his final entrance into the Catholic church 
was but a natural setpience to the whole bent of his 

justohy of wEsrroirr :i-2u 

luiucl from Li^; first entrance iuto the Eiiiseopul ftiUl. 

Ill Walworth's book is L;iven a picture of "the iu(ni- 
iistery atWadhitms Mills," which is none other than the 
okl \Yadhams house in tlje vilhiqe, next to Payne's 
store, uow occupied by Mrs. Joel Whitney. The house 
is ^iveu that name because durinp; the wiuter of 18-1-1-5 
Wadhams and Walworth lived there, keepin^i; up as far 
as p)0ssible the rules and discipline of a monastic life. 
^Irs. Wadhams, then a widow, lived in the house also, 
but the young men occupied three rooms by themselves 
and lived their own life, doing their own cooking, and 
fasting according to rules adopted by them. Walworth 
says: "Wadh<' favorite idea was to educate boys 
of the ueigliborhood, training them specially to a relig- 
ious life which should serve finally to stock our con- 
vent with good monks. xV handful of boys who gath- 
ered with other children on Sundays in the school- 
house for catechism seemed to atTord a nucleus which 
might afterward develop into a novitiate. We actually 
laid the foundations and Imilt up the sides of a convent 
building. It was nothiug, indeed, but a log-house and 
never received a roof, for the winter was intensely cold, 
and the ensuing S}>ring ojjened with events which sent 
nje into the Catholic church and to Europe, leaving 
notliiug of the convent but roofless logs and a commu- 
nity of one. But I mistake ; Wadhams had a Cana- 
<lian pony which, in lionor of pious service to be there- 
after rendered, we named lU)iu and a cow which for 
similar reasons we named B<nit('. Our log-house clois- 
ter was built on a lovely spot under the shelter of a hill 


v>-]iich lionmlod a f.irni iuheiitfd \)\ V.'u'.lluuns from his 
i'ullier. The t'lM'iii coiitiiint'd a fuio stvt'tcli of woodl.-iutl 
ou the smith, while t'le greater part fro:ii east to west 
was opt^n and oultivr.ted iiehl, the. half of whicli, high 
ai'd terraced., looked down upon a lower meadow ];>ud 
v.hich extended on a perfect level to a fine stream bor- 
dering the farm on the east. Beyond the brook and 
ah)n- its e 11,^^ ran tht; mad from Wadliciuis Mills to 
Lfwis. There w;<s ujneh debate beftire we fixed on thii 
site of our convent. A tuu; barn stood already built uw 
the natural terrace on the south side, while under tlie 
terrace at the ncath t)nK\ was ;i in;(.;j;nifieent spring of 
the purc^st water. '^Vhere should the convent be, near 
the barn or near the sj)rinp:; ? Every present convenience 
lay on the sid;^ of thc^ liarn, and horse and cow were 
actual possessions. But our hopes looked briy;ht!y for 
the future. Vvliat would a <.';reat con^injunity of hood.^il 
cenoVutt's' do wiihoul a holy well near l)y V So we luid 
the foundatiojis of the futtire pile on the edge of the 
tcrract: just above the s})ring. \Ve ilid not cous-ult 
either Beni or Bonte." 

W;dw(jrth says later: "St. Mary's Monastery in the 
X'Uth Wood.s h.i 1 turned out to be a vision. Tiiat 
vi>.ion hi'-d vanished, and in its ])lace was left ni^thing 
lint a rootless log house on the "\V;Ldhams farm." This 
means that both the young men had decided that they 
could not find what they wanted in the E[)iscopal 
Church, and therefore sought farther in thc-Bioman 
Catholic Church. \A';)ludrth "went over" in 1815, and 
immediately brought all ids powers of persuasion t-.' 

lUSTonv OF WKsrroirr •■t-n 

beur upon liis fiieml. He writes from a convent iit St. 
Trond, Belgium, Februurv ITtli, ISIG, "All! if the 
qnotidam abbot of Wculharns Mills were only here, 
where the discipline of the religious life is found in all 
its wisdom, vigor, attractiveness, he would weep and 
hiugh by turns with me at our little 'monkery' among 
tiie hills of Essex." 

Before the year was out Edgar Wadhams had also 
joined the Ptoraau Catholic Church, beirg received by 
the Sulpicians of St. Mary's Seminary at Baltimore. 
He was ordained a priest at St. Mary's Bro-Cathedral, 
Albany, in 1850, an.l resid-jd in that city until he be- 
canie Bishop of Ogdeusburgh in 1872. He died in 1891. 

It will be remembered that the time at which Edgar 
Wadhams made the momentous change from one faith 
to another was also the period of the Oxford movement 
in England, v»hen the hearts of n!en wei-e so stirred by 
the questions of the divine authority of the church, the 
validity of the sacraments and of priest's orders, and 
many other things. It was at this time that John 
Henr}' Newman changed his allegiance from the Church 
of England to that of Borne, and so distinguished an 
example may well have had its intlueuce upon the mind 
^)f Wadhams, as it had upon that of many otliers, both 
in England anW in America. The hymn Lux lh'niii)i(i, 
uhich is such a favorite with both Protestants and 
Catholics, was written by Newman at the time of his 
inenttdstruggle in regard to his duty. 

••J>t';id. kindly liglit, amid tlji,- (mrii-Lrling uli'Dm, 
Bead tloa nie uu; 

.^c^2 iiiSTOiiY OF wKsrroirr 

The ni;.^lit is uurk, uud I aui faf from home. 

Lead thou mo ou; 
]\eei> thou my feet; I do not ask to see 
The distant scene; one step enough for me." 

To Newman the one step amid the eucirclinf^ gloom 
seemed that into tlie bosom of the Catholic Church, and 
thns it also seemed to Wadhams. 

This sketch lias carried us far beyond our chronolog- 
ical order, but it is believed that it will be more satis- 
factory than presenting the successive incidents in the 
dates at which the}' occurred. 

In the summer of 18"22 Major McNeil, who had been 
on the statr ol General Wright in the war of 1812, came 
to Wostport, and lived on Pleasant street. His wife, 
Hannah, (a sister of Asahei Havens,) presented a letter 
of recommendation to the Baptist church in September, 
and was received into membership. Four years after- 
ward the church gave her a similar letter, "to the 
church at Peru," u[H)u the removal of the family from 


Town Meeting held at the school bouse at X. W. Bay. 

Gideon Hammond. Supervisor. 

Samuel Cook, Jan., Town Clerk. 

Caleb P. Cole. Enos Loveland and Calvin Angier. As- 

Levi Frisbie, Collector. 

Caleb P Cole anu Josej)h Stacy, Poor Masters. 

Piatt Sheldon, George B. Reynolds and Jesse Bramau. 
ilighwav Commissioners. 

Charles B. Hatch. Ira Henderson and Piatt R. ILdstead, 
School Commissioners. 

John Charidler, Caleb C. Barnes and William S. McLeod, 
Sebooi IiisiK.'ctors. 


Philo Kinf^slev, Levi Fri-sbie and Samuel ChaudlGr, Con- 

Folice Vieu-ers. — Plutt Stieldou, Asa Loveland, Abaer 
Fisli aud Joseph u5 Merriam. 

Charles Hatch, Pound Keeper. 

Overseers of Ilif^^hwavs. — Joseph Ornisbec, Titnothv 
Siuldon. Samuel Coll, Tilliurdvast Cole, Asahel Lyon, Jo- 
scpbus Merriam, Georife SturtovaDl, Amos J^oclc, Samuel 
Deuton, Elijah Shermao, Samuel Sloi^rs, Abner Fish, Wil- 
liam Deutou, Gideou ITammot.d. Harrv Stone. Peter Tar- 

There is no year more meoiorable in the bistory of 
AVestport than this, saw the completion of the 
Clianiplain canal. It was begun June 10, 1818, and 
thiishecl to V.'aterford, Nov. 28, 1822, so that it was pos- 
t-iblc for boats to pass froia the Hudson to Lake Cham- 
plain before whiter. Thus was this long portage, which 
bad bad such power over the designs of men since 
boats floated on lake or river, conquered and annulled, 
ai)d the plain valley stretched out to the very sea- 
board. The caual is sixty-four miles long, and follows 
ilie route v.liieh Bargoytie took at the advice of Skene, 
to the utter undoing of his army aud himself. 

Now opeued a new era of commerce and immigration. 
l''or the first titne merchandise could be brought from 
the metropolis directly to our v.diarves, aud travelers 
wlio ventured into the wide, wide world ^s•ere not nec- 
L's,v;ii-ily cut oir from homo and kindred by barriers 
which required more than ordinary resolution to over- 
<-onu'. Naturally, a rapid increase of immigration took 
place, and one of tlie first additions was the family of 
Sewull Cutting. 

The first Anieriean Uiicestor of this Cuttinir familv 

.V.7J iiLsrnin' of wksttort 

Avas JAicharil, who eaiuo from Ipswich, Euf^land, to ]^>os- 
tou, Mass., in 183-1. The lino is tiacod thvoui^h tliree 
Zechariahs to Jonas, who serv«nl in the liovoluticu as 
private and corporal in a New Hampshire regiment. 
His son Jonas, of AYeatliersfield, Yt, Colonel of the 
2-Jth U. 8. Infantry in the war of 18.12, was the father 
of Scwall, who was born at Berlin, ^^dass., Aug. 16, 1780, 
and died at We>t[.ort, April 21, 1855. He married at 
Windsor, Yt., Aug. 3, 1806, Mary, daughter of William 
and Mary (Xewellj Hunter, and sister of Mrs. Asa 
Aikens and of \Yilliain Guy Hunter. They moved fnjuj 
Windsor to New York city in 1821, and in 1823, at- 
tracted by the now possibilities of life on Lake Cham- 
plain, the position of which as a highway from Canada, 
was much talked of at the opening of the caual, moved 
to Westport. Dr. Sewall Sylvester Cutting, sou of 
Sewall, has left an account of the journey which gives 
an interesting sketch (.f tlie' mode of travel at that time, 
"We left New York about November first, ascending 
the Hudson on a sloop bound for Troy. My father's 
merchandise was here transferred to two canal boats, 
and on one of these boats ujy oldest brother, William, 
and myself took })assage for Whiteliall. my father and 
mother a.nd the younger children going thither by 
stage. At Whitehall we took the sloop Suratoyt', and 
sailing at 8 P. M., with' a strong south wind, reached our 
destination at Westport, Nov. 13, 1823, at two o'clock 
in the moi'ning. Here my father opened a store, and 
having hail the misfortune to lose the Iniilding which 
he had previously engaged, lie was obliged, in orilev to 

'uisToi:y OF va:srr()jrr :ri.i 

(^.•t the only unoccupied store iu the village, to take 
with it, ami keep, a liotol of which it was a part. Now 
once more I had an (,'p[>ortnii'ty to attend school— the 
distiict school of the villay;e— and I am hound to say 
it wus'a good school though certairdy it would now be 
regarded as exceedingly primitive." Dr. Cutting's 
nituinscript continues with an account of hi>^ school days 
at. the boarding school of lUisf, Batch, at Elizabeth- 
town, the ne.xt year. ?Ie himself taught district school 
in Westporc in after days. He obtained his further ed- 
ucation at V>'a.terville College and at the University of 
Vermont, receiving his de\gree of Doctor of Di%iniry 
from the latter institution in 1S59. He entered the 
i'aptist ministry, preaching about ten years, and then 
devoted hiniself to literary work. He was editor of 
the Xew Ynrl- JUrnnler, of the Wnfchnin,, „,)(] Hi^fler/or 
of Boston, and of the n/"o7/7// Cliristwn Ihrlar. }le 
was made Professor of Rtjctoric and History in the Uni- 
v.'i.->ity of Rochester in ISoo. Dr. Cutting's collected 
writings, both prose and poetry, would uuake a valuaiile 
book. His long poem on ''Lake Champlain," recited 
before the alutnni of his cla.-;s iu lUnlington, June 2l5, 
1S77, has both strength and grace, and the tender tribute 
to the little town wljere his motlu'r lies iniried is very 
touching. Wli.ata pity that he did not write a liistory 
of tlie place. He had tin- true anti(|uaria.n zeal and the 
exhaustless interest which turns the real into the ideal. 
One of his contiilmtious to local histoiy wa:^ "The 
Creuesis of i\'>' Ibiekboavd,"' so often quoted. 

J b-. Cutiing's llr.-5t v.iic was Ev;'liua Chailotte, daagh- 

I> . iiisTORY OF wcsrroRT 

ter of Cliirdner Stow, tlien of Kceseville, afterwaul of 
Troy, and AttoDiey-Geiicral of tlie State b}' appoint- 
lueDt of Gov. Seymour. The issue of this marriage was 
Gardner Stow Cuttiug, who graduated at Rochester in 
1858, and studied law in the office of his grandfather 
in Troy. Dr. Cutting's second wife was Elizabeth, 
widow of Thomas Waterman, and daughter of Hugh 
II. Browi'., who was grandson of Gov, Elisha Brown of 
Rhode Island. One son by this marriage, Mr. Churcli- 
ill Hunter Cutting, has for a number of years spent his 
summers at Westport witli his family. 

To return to the elder Sewall Cutting, stepping otf 
the sloop Sarafor/rt in Northwest Bay that dark Novem- 
ber morning. The family whom he brought with him 
became important parts of the comnamity life as they 
grew up. All were connected with the Baptist church 
in its most prosperous days, and pla3'ed leading parts 
in its history. Mr. and Mrs. Sewall Cutting brought 
letters from a Baptist church in New York when they 
eauu-. of the Cuttings were singers, and for years 
the family formed a large part of the choir. People fa- 
miliar with tlie workings of a large and active coun- 
try church will recognize the fact that leadership in the 
ehoir brought with it social leadership as well William 
J. and Franklin H. Cutting (sons of Sewall) were in 
Vmsiness together in \Vestport for years. William J. 
Cutting built the large brick house on the hill at the 
head of Liberty street, with the porch suggestive of the 
Parthenon at Athens, which shows above the village 
from the lake. His dau;rhters were Marv, now Mrs. 

jjiSTOi?v OF WEsrroirr 337 

F. H. Pago, Helen, ikjw ]\rrs. Kiiigslaiid of Burlington, 
and Lucy, nou- Mrs. Jacob Hiiids of Yergenues. His 
wife was Minerva Holcomb, daughter of Dr. Diodorus. 

Franklin H. Cutting lived in the Hatch house, since 
owned by F. H. Page and G. C. Spencer. He married 
Ann H. Titrany, at Southbridge, Mass., in ISIO. Other 
sons of Sev. all Cutting were Wallace and Uan. 

Sewall Catting the elder married again after the 
death of his first wife a Miss Burchard, and her children 
were Lucv and John Tyler Cutting. The latter after- 
ward went to California, and became a successful mer- 
chant in San Francisco. He entered the army, served 
throughout the Civil war, and was for nine years con- 
nected with the National Guard of California as lieu- 
tenant, major, colonel and brigadier-General. He also 
went to the Fifty-second Congress as member from 

Up to this time thero had been but one post-ofYice in 
the to\^■n, and that at Northwest Bay, but uow the vil- 
lage at the falls on the Boquet had reached the size and 
importance which demanded, and received, a post-office 
of its own. When its official title came to be decided, 
the name of Wadham's Mills was chosen, after the name 
of the u;ill-owner, who had come into the place the 
previous year. The document which establishes this 
postoffice, ap])ointing Gen. Lnmau Wadhams as the first 
postmaster, is dated February 25, 1823, and is now in 
the possession of his, grand-daughter, Mrs. E. J. Orms- 
bee, of Brandon, Yt. 

:i.3S " HI STORY OF n'USTPOnr 


Towij MeC'tiui; held in the Sclunil bouse. 

Gideon Hainrnond, iSij[)rTvisoi-. 

Sariiuol Cook, Jun.. Town Clerk. 

Enos Lovelaad, Calviu Angier, Piatt R. Halstead, As- 

L(?vi I'^risbie. Colleeto!-. 

Caleb P. Cole aud John Lobdell, Overseers of the Poor. 

Piatt Sheldon, Geni-;:e }->. Keyuolds and Ji-sse Branian, 
Hi^rhwa V Ci>inrnissioiiers. 

Piatt R.' Uuistead,- David B. McNeil and Charles B. 
Hatch. School Coniriiissioners. 

Diadorus Holcnnib, AsahelLy*)n and William S. .McLcod. 
School Inspectors. 

Levi Frisbie, Philo Kin^^s]ey and John Smith, Jr., Con- 

John Hatch Low, Pound Master. 

Fence X'iewurs. — Piatt Sheldon, Asa L >veland. Abner 
Fish, Jasephus >Terriara. 

Overseers of Hicrhways.--Ralph, Charles Wood, 
Jame.s W. Coll, Willard Frisbie, Diadvjru-; Holcomb, Eb- - 
nezer Scisch^. Elijih Williams, John Whitnev. Samuel 
Denton. Gideon Hammond, Henrv Stone, Juhu Pine. Jacob 
Matthews, Chester Taylor. 

In th.^ road surveys we find two "privato roads" laid 
out. Oa.' ran from "the shore of Lake Ciiatii[ilaiii to 
the road which lea. Is ti^ 'Maria Coats' ore bed lot." It 
b?gan "at a slake staudiiip; uear the ore bed wharf," 
and ended at a "'stake and stones stand in-T; twenty-five 
links north of the division, line between Piatt Rogers' 
ore bed patent, and Lot No. 100 in the Iron ore tract." 
The othor seenis to join this one, and mentions "the 
house in wljich Lhaz^r H. Rannev nov/ lives," and 
"the roail leading from Ahijah Clu;aver's (ue bed to hi.s 

Another survey was of -'a road h'adin-' from Fi->her's 


Mills by A. Duntou's and the Bartlett settlement to 
the town of Moriah," 

At this time the only public building in the village 
was Uie school house v.'hicli stood ou Main street, on 
the south side of the bridge. Its threshold must have 
been well worn, for it was crossed by the bare feet 
of the children five days and a half out of every week, 
by the heavy cowliide boot.c of the men for town meet- 
ings, general elections and district school meetings, 
and every Sunday felt the; tread of men, women and 
(diildreu, attending divine soivice at two long sessions, 
morning and afternoon. It will be a mistake for the 
reader to allow a feeling of pity to rise in his breast for 
the people subjected to so much ecclesiastical labor. It 
was the one relaxation of a hard working, thoughtful, 
self-denying population, starved as to mind and soul 
ou remote farms, in many cases, through the week, and 
looking hungrily forward t(^ the opportunity of sitting 
ou a rough board seat for an hour, listening to a ser- 
mon which gave positive ansv.-er to every question 
then asked by the mind of man. Do not, of all things, 
pity the women, for then came their one chance to ex- 
change notes (Ml important subjects with their neigh- 
bors during the intermission between services, while 
the lunches were l)eing eaten'. Even those who lived 
in the village often brouglit lunch with them, in order 
to enjoy the company of tlie noon Iiour. And so we 
understand when we are told that "everybody went to 
meeting then," whether the preacher was the settled 
Uiiuister of the- Daptists, coming out of the ]")a)-sonage 


ajittle way down the street, the Motliodist circuit rLler, 
or Father Comstock with his Congregational doctrines, 
riding in on horseback from the house of some friend 
where he had been as welcome as a Bible and a daily 
newspaper rolled into f)ne. 

But what about the children? Rough board seats 
and sermons are poor support for growing bones. They 
were sometimes allow-.n! to play outside, roaming over 
the fields and down to the lake shore, and making high 
holiday. Any one who knows boys can imagine sun- 
dry drawbiicks to this ])lan, connected perhaps with 
stray cats and apple orchards, and it soon l)ecame evi- 
dent that somtthing must be done. Then it was that 
the plan originated of a Sunday school, and the person 
who first jiut it in operation in Westport was one Sam- 
uel Cook, who had joined the Baptist church in 181 G, 
The Bajjtists formed the leading denomination at that 
time, and for some years alter, and consequently the 
first Sunday school was a T^aptist one. Mr. Cook's 
services seem to have been entirely self-oll'ered, which 
njakes it all the more creditable to him, and we are told 
that the teaching and management fell upon him and 
his family. The Cooks seem to have gone away in 
1828, as in that year Pielief, Eunice and Harriet Cook 
received letters of dismission. But the Sunday school 
thus begun was never abandoned. The church in 1S2(> 
took a tormal vote, assuming the respi)nsil)ility of the 
work, and in 1830 elected three superintendents, Crid-- 
eon Hammond, John Chandler and John Pine. 

This vear, or not louir before it, Frederick T. Howard 


came from Ycrmout with bis family, aud settled on the 
back road, on the place so long occupied by his son 
Frederick B. Howard. Other sous were Mansfield, who 
boupjht the Gideou Hammond place, where his sou 
Pinsli now lives : Dorr, who built the large brick house 
on the road to T\^idhams, now occupied by his widow ; 
Orrin, who built the white house near the railroad 
crossing know-n so many years as "Howard's;" aud 
Hosea, who lived on the middle road, where his son 
Fred now lives. 


Town mcetiu" held in the school house at N. "W. I5ay. 

Gideon Ilummoud, Supervisor. 

Samuel Cook, Jan., Town Clerk. 

Edus Lovcluad, Charles Hatch and John Lobdull. r\s- 

Euos Loveland aud John Lobdell, Poor blasters. 

Charles Fisher, Caleb P. Cole and Samuel Stcirrs,. Hif^h- 
wav Commissioners. 

Charles B. Hatch, Piatt R. Halstead aud Diadovus Hol- 
cotnb, School Commissioners. 

Levi Frisbie. Philo Kingaley aud. Jason Duustcr, Con- 

Piatt Sheldon, Asa Lovcland aud Abuer Fish, Fence 

John H. r.,o\v. Pound Ma.ster. 

Overscei's of Hi,t,'h ways.— Joshua R. Harris, Oschar 
Wood. Crosbie McKeuzie, Hezekiah Barber, Caleb I*. Cule. 
Piatt R. Halstead, Newton Haze. Calvin Angrier, Willard 
Church, Elijah Storrs, Joel Finney, John Daniels. 3rd, 
John Kintrsley, Vine T. Bingham, Enos Lovcland, Gideon 
Hammond, John Nicholds, Frederick Howard, Jacob 
Mathews, Chcstoi'- Taylor. 

In the road surveys we find the first mention of the 
road which we should now say led from Payne's wharf 
to the Fair jrioumls, but as neither one of t]\c^>^ termiui 


was exi.-^teiit in 18'25, it is described as '-Itegiuuing at 
the north east corLer of a piece of land lately purchased 
bj Barnabass Myrick and Is a Henderson of Bontou Lob- 
dell," and running "to the center of the road near Dia- 
dorus Holconib's." There was also a road laid out 
"leading from Northwest Bay to Whal )n's Mill." 

In this year John Qnincy Adams was inaugurated, 
the Erie canal was opened, and Lafayette laid the c>r- 
ner stone of the university building in Burlington, Yt. 
Another thing remeuiboi-ed in t!ie Cliarnplain vallev is 
that this was a remarhalily early spring, the ice being 
out of the lake on the eighteenth of March. 

At about this time vrere built tAvo of the large brick 
houses in the village. Judge H;itch built on Main 
street, just north of the present Library lawn, the 
house now owned, by Mr. Daniel F. Payne, and in the 
northei-n part of {lie village', on the lake sliore, the 
house now owned by ^Ir. Lriiuk Alh'n was built by 
Ebeuezer Douglass. Both are of brick made in West- 
})ort brickyards, I am told, and both have the aiassive 
chimneys with deep fire-places on two floors, which 
were still considered necessary in an elegant house, 
notwithstanding tlie increasing use of stoves. These 
great chimneys, containing many tons of brick, were 
built before work was begun on the outside of the house, 
whether it was to be of wood or brick, and the masons 
who laid them must needs be skilled workmen. 

The Douglass house was begun the year before, and 
tinished this summer, but Ebenezer Douglass did not 
come until 1825, his business here being superintemled 


bv Lis oldest son, Tliomus, a young niau not lon<]j 
married to Joanna "Winans. Tlie Douglasses came 
originally from Connecticut, but Ebeuozor Douglass had 
been in Tieonderoga before 1812, as is shown by the 
fact that lie was supervisor of Tieonderoga in that year, 
holding the ollice until ISll. Ho was again eh;oted in 
181G, and again in 1S2-1, 1S25 and 1826. Then he re- 
moved to ^Vestport, remaining about twenty years. He 
had been one of the leading merchants of Tieonderoga, 
in partnership witli Judge Isaac Kellogg until after 
the war of 1812, and then v.ith Joseph AYeed in the 
Upper Tillage. In Westport his business partner was 
his son "William, and firm name E. & AY. Douglass. 
They built the northern wliarf, and the brick store 
a.bove it, owned boats, made potash, and carried on 
extensive dealings in lumber. 

Ebeiiozcr Doui/hiss had a large family of children. His 
see. ID d son, \V-ilKani. married a Miss Arlluu' of Ticonde- 
vo'jw, and was grundlatber to i\Jiss Ada G. Douglass. His 
daughter ftauijau married Dr. Abiaihar lAdlard, for many 
yt-ai's our leading physician. Orher childreu of Ebenezer 
"l)ou<j;lass were ^lary. Lemuel, John, Prentice, and Be- 
najah. afterward supervisor of the town. 

That the village at Northwest Bay was growing in 
importance is shown by all tliese things. Lumber from 
the forests and iron from the forges on the rivers ciune 
in to our wharves, and was shipped on canal boats and 
schooners, \sdn!e meichandise from the soi\th, Albany 
or New Yorh, antl ore from the Moriah mines was un- 
loaded. r.;anabas Myrick built a foi'go at the Falls 
this vear, and the next he and Luman \Yadhams built 



tlieir-ri.t mill there, making the place one of active 

This vear the schooner Trn<j was lost with all 
on board, her master, Jacob Halstead, a vonnc. man r,f 
t-vventy-flve, his young brother, George, thirteen years 
old, Jacob Pardee, their step-brother, and two others 
whose names I never heard. The schooner went on her 
first trip for ore to Port Hsnry, one day in November 
and was returning loaded, when she met a gale in which 
she foundered, somewhere above Barber's Point. It is 
thought that the oie v. as not pro])erlv secured fn.rn 
shifting in the hold, and when the schooner careened 
m the gale, the ore shifted and nkde it impossible for 
her to ])e righted. Not one, master or crew, ever came alive, and from this tragedy arose the story which 
Henry Holcomb Joved to tell, and whicli I have always 
Iieard in my own family, of the mother and sisters sit- 
ting at hon.e in the Halstead house, listening throu-^h 
the storm for the .sound of home-coming footsteps as 
tlie night wore on. Suddenly they heard the boys on 
the doorsteps, stamping off the snow in the entry as 
they were wont to do before coming in. The women 
sprang to the door and opened it, stepped to the outer 
door and looked down upon the light carpet of untrod- 
den snow which lay before it, and then crept tremblin.^ 
back to the fireMde, knowing that son and brothers 
would never sit with them again within its light. The 
father stayed on the wharf all night, and searchm- par- 
ties went along the shore all the next dav, and in the 
Hfteruoon, wieckage which told the tale was picked up 

insroRY OF wKSTroRr :u.^ 

ill Coil's hi\y. My grand mot her was a girl of sixteen 
at the time, and the midnight '\vatch, and the ^varniug 
of tliose unearthly footsteps, were things wliicli she al- 
uays grew pale to remember. This is tlie only gliost 
story I have ever known told and believed among onr 
t()\vuspeo}>le, and. I novt r sns]>octod that it was known 
outside my own family until the old Halste;id house, 
tlien the michlle {lovtion of the Wo^tport Inn. was torn 
down in 1898, and some of the older people standing by 
ti> see it done, recalled the story and told it exactly as 
my mother first told it to mo. 

Settlers were continually coming in through all these 
} ears, and in 1825 Leonard 7'aylor came from New 
Hampshire and settled near Brainard's Forge. This 
part of the town was largely peojtled from New Hamp- 
sl]ire, as George and Orrin Sikiniier, who had come 
sr)ine tinje before this^ the Pierces and tlic Hodgkiuses, 
;dl came from that state. 

Oliver Boutwoll also came from Xew Hampshire in 
this year, and settled near AVadham's Mills. He had a 
hirge family of children, one of whom, Lueinda, born 
in New Hampshire iu 1820, marrie'l first Randall Stone, 
.Liid after his death l)ecamethe second wife of Cyrenus 
J'l. Payne. Her children were Edna Stone, afterward 
Airs. Daniel Carey and Ijucinda and Cornelia Payne, 
the former now Mrs. John HotTnagle, of this place. 


Town MeetiiiLT lieUi in the .selioi! house at North West 

iiisri)i:y (if w Lsrruur 

(,'bafK-.-. I'.aU-li. SLijx-rvUof. ' _. 

Sanuicl Co'jk. Jiui.. Tuu-n (/ii>rk. 

Diadorus iloicoait;. (iidrou iiaimnnLul. Jesst' IJramuii. 

L^'vi Frisbif. Collector. 

Enos LovclaLul uQd JoLin LoImIcII. Pnor Mastors. 
' fJariiabas .Myrick. Jnlui Iviiiirsii'y. l^lijab Storrs, HiLfh- 
wav Commissiouei's. 

Diadorus H(:>lcotiib. Ira It(Mj.ifrson. Asaliel Lyou. Scbuul 

Diadorus S. Ho'c.M.!.. ChaiN. 15. flateb. Piatt K. lial- 
stead, Schi>ul Inspectors. 

Levi I''risbi(\ Pialo KiuLfsUy, I 'aulinus Finney. Consta 

Enos LovHJand. (;id.'(>u Hanun.Kid. Jobn T.obdell, 
Vie '.vers. 

Charles II Hateb. Found Masb-r. 

Overseers ol' i]i;/liuays. -Aiiial Mitcbeli, Piatt Sheldon, 
Ale.xaudei- Sjiencr. Cyrus Richards, F>benezer Pulsivcr.- 
Diadorus Flok-omb. Elijah Auijier. George W. Sturlevant. 
Moses Felt, .Scuuuel Dentou. Sanuiol A. \\'ii2;-htmaa, Jdbu 
Lobdell. Johnsun Hill, Nathan Wallace. Gideon Hammond. 
John F. Alexander. Piillander rtr.-,..ins, Seth Lewis, Jonas 
Walker. Joseph Farnuni. 

A new road ieadin- •fnun ( loner;. 1 A'^'adbanis to V>'il- 

lard Hartwolls." .Vnothcr road hef^ius 'vm tlic cast 

.side of lilack riv.'r,"" and we Hiul mention of "a road 

ruuiiiiip- tVom S>uitli\Vfirs Fnr^-e southerly towarils 

Steefs Saw ?>fill/" and the "old road leadiu'^ from 

Ha:is/."s F.u-j^'e easterly t<. X. \\\ H.iy." 

Tlie luetitioii of these foij^es reminds us that the iron 
business was now Ij.-coiuiiiu; more and more im[)()rt;>nt. 
"Haa.s/.s Foii^'e" was at "the Kin^dnm," in Eli/abeth- 
town, hi.i;h up ( n the jllodc livev, a.tid Southwell's was 
lower d<j\vii near the [thice, 1 Itelieve, where the turn- 
pike now i-rosses the river. 

This vear roacl di^tri-t N'o. I') i- fcuiued, to "M.iei'ii! 

i//STn/:y or WKSTPO/rr 347 

.-it William P. Mt-n-riarn's, inn north by \Valkpr and 
Crarfu'ld's Mill, ami east to the town line by Darins 
]Merriarn's." This wonKl scoin as though Darins 
Meiriam liad before this moved from wliere he first 
settled, ou the western slope of Coon mountain, pi-oba- 
biy not lou'j^ after the war of 1^'J2, to the jilace where 
li^^ Vmilt his house )"i])on the river bank. The ^leiriams 
ea'iie originrdly from l\fassnch.n-^''"'tts, but Pariu? ?>b'r- 
riani came to Westport from Essex, and his wife, 
JLuseba Potter, came from Swanton, Yt. His children 
^\ere "Wijiiam l*otter, Tjovis;i. Philetns ]')arins, Enos, 
Adney, Delia, Sarah and Jolm. They seen) all to have 
^one west, soontji- or later, except AMlliam and l^liiletus 
who carried on an extensive lumber and iron business 
for many years under the firm name of SV. P. A" P. D. 
-NbMriam. William married Caroline Barnard and had 
two sons and two daughters. He built the cottage 
on the river Vciid: at Aferriain's F()rge, still ov.ned bv 
hi< daughter, ^frs. AVliitney. Philetns ^ff-rriam lived 
on tlie other side of the river, not far from the town 
Hue, but went west before his deatli. 

I do not know tlie exact connection between the fam- 
ily of Darius Meriiam and that of Williaui B. Meriiam, 
(commonly know?) as Deacon Merriam,) whose name 
al<o occurs in this yeai-'s records as a resident of West- 
I'ort. He removed to Essex in 1854. His wife's name 
was Iiebecca Cook Wiiitney. and it was his son, Gen. 
^Villiam L. Merriam, who carried on the iron works in 
Lewis A daughter of Gen. married James 
\N'. Str.K-or L.uis. ;,nd her da-i-hter mo'vi-d D. F. 


iiisrui:y uf wEsrroirr 

riiyue of \V;i<lliaiiJ.s :\Iill.',. C^l. -Icliii L. IMciriam, sun 
uf Ofii. ^'eiriaui, uiimicJ Miiliala, (lau;4iit<;r of Joseph 
it. DcI>a.U(), aii'l afLfi- lnu' Joath in JS.V7 he iciiioveJ 
to St. ]*aul, Minn., ivpiuseuttjd his a(l()[)ttM] ^tate in 
Cougivs^, and was Sl>.\iktM- of the House, iu ISTO. His 
son. t!ie IL.t;. VVilliani ^\\\^\\ .Aleiriani, hMiu iu 1S41» at 
W'adhauis Mills, has served two tenns as Governor of 
Minnesota, lias rei)ve>.tni IahI his .statti in Ctiii^fess, and 
is now of the Census, appointment of I'resi- 
'dent ]\IeKinley. 

Ijj Ma}- of iS'i',') Jjevi riiueo oauie from Xew Hanj[i- 
shire, and he and his Ldiih.lren settled on farms near 
the north line, iu Lewis, I'jssex and Westjiort. His 
sons were l^evi, Jr., Samuel, William, Charles, Curlis, 
and Harvey, and his daughters r\lary, Maiia and Bet- 
sey. Tlie latter married Captain Samuel Anderson, one 
of the lake captains, and hved on the lake shore farm 
lunv (j\vn-d hy IMr. ]Je;id of ])oston. j'ledr daughter 
Aujanda married William Williams, [jevi Pierce, Jr.. 
was the father of Wallace, and Samuel of ^Martin Tierce-. 
Harvey Pierce came to Westp<'»rt as a clerl< in Hatchs 
stort', afterward huying an interest in the Itnsiuess, and 
later was in paitnersjdp with ]''ianklin Cutting. He 
married as hi>, si-cond wife [Margaret .Vngier. and their 
children were Sarah, wh.o died wiien a young girl; 
Frank, who marri'Ml Mav Wvman of Crown i'oint, and 
has three children, Howard. Eloise, and In-atrice ; and 
Charles, wlio is married and has one child. Frank and 
Clnirles Pierce are now paitutMs iu business iu Iowa. 

.Mav o*. iS-Jo, I'.arnaJ'a- M vrick and C-n. W.idiiams 


liuilt a largo grist nil] at ^Yadlla)ns, \\\q linest yei seeii 
in town. It>^ brick v.alls still form a part i)f the 
present mill. 

TtMVLi Moetin<j bold \\\ tbo sebool bousp at Nortb West 

(iuleun HanHijOud. Supervisor. 

Samuel Cook, Juii., Towu Clerk. 

Diadorus Holconib. Jesse Bi-amun and Alexander Speu- 
cer. Assessors. 

Levi Frisbie, Collector. 

Jobu Lobdell and p]aos Lovelaiid, J'oor Masters. 

JoliD Kiuixsley. Klijab Newell, E]>hraiia Stiles, Hitrbway 

William Frisbie, Timolby Sbelclon, Levi Frisbie. Calvin 
'Wiiley, Constaoles. 

Asubel LvoQ, Diadorus Hdlooaib, Ira Henderson. Sebool 

Jason Dunsti>r, Elisba Garfield, Diadorus S. Holcoinl). 
Si-!it)ol Inspectors. 

Caleb P. Cole. Jolin Lobdell aiul Ca,lvin An^-ier. Fence 

Flijab Newell. Pound Master. 

Overseers of .Hicjb ways.— AdIliI Mitcbell, Piatt SbeldiHi. 
Pi-ter Tarbell. Cyrus Ricbards, Caleb P. Cole. Asabel 
Lvon. Lutber An^^ier. Willard Cbureb. Moses Felt. Joel 
l-'inney, Jobn Danit^ls, 3rd, Jobn Lobdell, Harvey Sniitb. 
Aurum Nicbols, Willard Carpenter. Harry Stone. AVasb- 
iiiijtun L^»e. Eli Ferris. Myron Cole. James Marsball. War- 
ren JLirper. 

■'MyrieK's for^'e and shop"' are mentioned in tbe de- 
si-riptious of the road districts. 

This year a new school district was formed, and "tin? 

I'rick school hrnise'" was built on the road f)pened in 

1S2.'), running from the ])on'j;lass wharf westward until 

it joins rioasant street. For Tny own convenience I 

inti-nd to i-all tld-^ stii-.'t '"i ) .-ti-eol" in frdur.'. 


iiisTnnv or ]\j:sTj'i/irr 

jind SI) s;ivc tlif ciicuiiiiociitiou of a trdiou-. ilescri{«ti'Mi. 
DoubtK-ss i\\>' LonmlaiT Ix-tv.eeii tli;; two aistlicts 
the hvuhy across Mill brook. Tliis brick scliool h..u>.. 
c.ime al'ttMwarJ to be nsel for tlir c:lass m>>«,'t- 
inj^s and piHacliiiiL!; services of ilie M. I'l cliurcli. !\Ir. 
S. WLcatou Cole wrote me iu LS'.19 : "i \w.ll remember 
the oKl bii^tk school housf in tlu- iiortli of the vilia^.\ 
whtn-e 1 b.'nati ieariiii),!^ mv A. 15. C"s sevtiity-two years 
a<:jo. Tlit.' ue.\t yi-ar 1 b.-i^'aii l)asiiiess, [lickiliL,' \viuti"i- 
i^-rfHii lii'ri'ifs ill the hcmloi-k forests north of the town, 
ami cxcliaii<4iij^ them for cauilv with IM win ami Ch;irh,-> 
fiatcl). Mv hither was killel in Sept.,'mb..r of 38-2-. 
and the next year I went to li\e with my uncles, Cah'i) 
ami l\iii! C'wle. where I remained twelve years, workiiJLj 
on the farm ami att»'n'lii>L:; scliool in tin; south i>art of 
the vill;i;j,e."" Mr. Cole's fatlier was killed by beiiiL; 
thrown fi'o!)! an ox-cart on a roun;h road, tlje wlic t 
pa.^sin^ o\tM- his (diest and >o injuring iinn that lie difd. 
This i!;ivfs us a ,L;hm[>se of the charactt^r t)f tho roads of day, and the fact that he u as taking a grist to 
Wudhams to be ground go.'s to show that the grist 
mills at X.trthwest j>ay were ]>robai)lv not running. Jl 
is tiaiH thai the usefulness of thest-earlv giist nulls 
but sliort-liv(nl. 

'J'he lii.--toiv of FrtM^ !Masoiirv in ii'sscx county began 
with the e.t.ddishmcnt td' J^ss.'X Lo.lge in the villag.' ^>i 
Jv^se-x in bSOT. in iSLS the Valley I.odge at Fdi/abrtii- 
town rei-eivf'd a (dnirter. Its tlrst olHt-ers were E/r.t ( ', 
Gr.^ss, \V. M.; Luman Wadhan:.^, S. W.; and John 
l;arn.-\. .). W. 'rni> is th.. lod^e u ho.,., records 

« * 

were carried uway in llie frtsliet of 1830. ;iu(l wliicu 
(.loubtless had S'une[>ort ihph as raenib^-rs. Dia- 
ilorns Holcorab and Ira Henderson were ^Fasons, I^avid 
r.. McNeil belouii;ed to tlie' Esstx Lodgu, and the uame 
of Joel Finney is also fonud n]>on itr^ records. Joseph 
CliII is said to have tier!) a M.isou. Meetings of tlie 
order "»vere held from time to time \\\ West^iort, in a 
room of the house sino' ]:uouii as the .Hichard.s Ilonse, 
on Pleasant street. There Thomas. Douglass wa-S 
initiated into the mysteries of the order in the year 
1S"2.'), as his daughter, now 3Irs. James A. Allen, dis- 
tinctly remembers hearing him say. The only record 
which 1 have been fortunate enougli to tJnd is that 
given in the List P'ssex Count v History, on }»age 323 : 
"Ro3-al Arc)] Masonry in the county began, it would 
seem, with tlie establishment of A\'estport Chapter No. 
127. at West[)ort, February 27, 1S27, with Josepli Cook, 
Hi-h Priest, OirisPier, King, ami C;dvin Willey, Scribe, 
After making re})oi-ts to the Grand Chapter for two years 
it disappears from the records." None of the names 
gisen are those of Westpnjrt njen. It is possible that 
the strong Auti-Musonic excitenieut which followed the 
disappearance of Morgan in lS2r. may have ojierated 
against the ]jrosperous continuance of this order at 
this time. The present lodge was established in 1852. 
This year was the "first great revival" of the churches, 
and the ^Af^i camp meetiiig. The cam{> m(>etiug was 
held on the little woo-le,! point on the north shore of the 
bay, on the borders of tl>e "'Si^eo f.arm," named fron\ 
thi' family who livcTl >)n t!i • hill ah.-ve ii. Here a plat- 

. •■>'>- Ills rum' or wi:sri'(,'irr 

forui was built uuder tlir trees for tlio pveuL-hers, wh) 
t^xhortfd a cojigr-'i^iition sr;i,lt;>l ou Ioul; [,l:iiiks whi.-h 
were siij. ported by sl,>iirs and blocks, with uo ro,,f 
overhead save the leafy bi-auehe.s of the ti'Oes. The 
camp ineeiin.L' hehUor ..n.' or two weeks, aud i^ee-jili. 
came from far am] near, from the Yermotit shore, from 
Lewis aiiil Kssex, from iJarber's Point aud Wadham's 
Mills, put ap teats aud bark roofed shanties for shelter. 
;iud lived there ou tfie lake shore the whole time, listen- 
ing to sernjons and to the testimonies of converts ail 
day lo)i_^% with the cnlminarion ot the day's excitenjent 
invariably looked for at t;ie evenin- sei-vice, lighted 1/v 
the olare ot great tlamin- t-nches of pitch piue. Th- 
preachers were <;f all .lenominations, called iu alonu 
both shoies of the l;ike. ;tnd their labors were rewafl^'-l 
with a large number of converts. The rec.jrds of our 
village churches show a -r.'at increase in mmd^er-iii;; 
in this and the next year, and both must have so:)u 
doubled their ]iniul)ers. 

Thnre is doubtless a close connection between this 
revival and the fae-t that in this year the Congregational 
church was first orgaui/e^l at Wadhaiu's Mills. If then- 
IkhI lieeu a Congregational society there before thi< 
time, it was not in a tloniishing condition, and tier.- 
are no traces of it left. Mv eiV >rts to obtain the earlv 
records of this chnrcli have been unavailing, the pres- 
ent clerk having in his ])ossessiot] nothing older than 
the book begijining in 18U. Smith's historv of IS-^o 
gives the nam.s of the original niemliers of 18-27 <> 
J.iuuan \\"a liiams, Calvui U'd.y, .fe-^s.; Ihamaii, Ahv- 

HISTORY or ]vj:sTJ'0/rr .^...v 

aiider Whituoy uiul Tlioiuas Iladlcy, the cl-iti^ of ihe looetiiig March 20, 18'.^7, auJ the phice the school "near tlio re:-i(leuce of Jesse Brainaii." 

Besides the increase in nienibership, thei-e is shown 
in the Baptist records a mounting zeal in the rnattei- of 
church discipliue. Serious business it was felt to be, 
and seriously- tliey did if, appoi)iting solemn commit- 
tees ti) visit delinquents, and taking action u])on the 
reports rendered at the next church meeting, but to one 
of the j/rescnt generation a smile seems never far away 
when reading these deliberations, in which a neglect to 
attend church was dealt with as weightily as more 
flagrant offences. Poor Jos'epli Stacey, waited upon by 
one of these cfMumittees, confessed t ) working on board 
his bojit on Sunday, instead of dressing up and going 
to church, and so we know that one of tiie white sails 
in the bay belonged to him. 

Dr. Cutting lurs left an account of this revival which 
shows in perfection the quiet, sincere dignity of his own 
faith, which never descended t;) small anxieties about 
the inconsistencies of others. 

■']ti lS'26-27 occuried a revival in Westport. It was 
r<.unarkable in character. Beginning in the early au- 
tumn of LS2(), in a very general seriousness in the com- 
munity, it continued through the winter. ]Mauy were 
baptised, myself on the last Sabbath in ^[ay, by the 
liev. Jereuiy H. Dwyer, })a,^tol• of the Baptist churcli 
in thiit village. I can hardly tell how I became more 
deeply interested in religion. 1 think my own state 
of mind an 1 fcidiu'' were in h.trinonv from the tirst 

.v.T-/ iiisTdin' ()/■' wrs'r/'n/rr 

^vitl^ the >;i'nv, itii;- illto!■o^^t■ \vl)ifli porvarlc-il tliO coinmn- 
iiity. Tj(in,i; afterwards I ItMrDtul lliaf on vetiiiiii^ from 
tlio water, ^J ]■. Dwyur reiiiarkeJ, '1 luuo uaptised a 
niiiiister to-Jay.' " 

18--^.-r5. ' ■ 

Town Meeting in the school house. 

Gideon FIcMiifriund, Supr-rvisor. '' 

Saoiuel Coo!:. .Tun., Town Clerk. 

Je.sso Brauiau. Piatt R. IJaUtcad, Ephraita Stiles, As- 

Levi Frisbie. Collector. 

Jason Dunster, Diadorus Hulcomb, Ahioson Barber, 
IIi;^Mi wav ConKnissioniM's. 

Levi Fnsiiie. William Frisbio. Ca.lvii] Willry. Constal-.les. 

Flisiia Gartieid. \Vm. I>. Merriatn, Alt-xaadcr Sptmct-r, 
Sehuol Conunissioucrs. 

Diadorus S. tTolcoiul). Asahel Lyon. Piatt R. Halstead, 
Srhool Inspectors. 

JoliU Greeley, Isaac Stone. Caleb P. Colo, t-'caee Mewers. 

Xewtoa l-Iavs, JAa.ind .Master. 

Overseers ;.[ I fi.L'li wjivs.- Kalph AValte.n. Levi Coll. 
L'niou C(->il. Ti! Cole, Ciileb P. Cole, Willard Car- 
penter. John Greehyy. Jr., Myron Cole, Eioa^ar Pauney. 
Sainnei Cliandlcr. Geore"c W. S( urtevant, Lemuel Wbiuiey, 
Jjucius Lobdeil. Oliver 11. Larrett. Samuel A. WiL'btruan, 
John Kingsley. JobasDu Plill. Lyman Smith. Gideon Ham- 
mond, Henry Stime, Frederick llDwui'd. Arehey Dunton, 
lOlijah Shernuui. Jonas P. Walker. Abi-am (Jreeley, Geo. 
Skinner, Henajah r.)ou>.:'lass. 

This year we find mention of another mill on BLick 

river, — Ohauncy Fuller's, Ix-siiJes "Steel's, Douf^lass'p. 

A- Smith and Hatcii's."' The bridrro in the villaj^e of 

Xcjrtiiwest Bay which has been so lonp; rofe^rred to as 

that one "west of ILdstead's old iield," now bee;ins to 

he called the on»' "near ]Myri(d;'.>^ P(it;\s]t," and for the 

lirst time is uj.-ntion.'d Dou-he-s's wh.irf. 


In 18'2S Giv.le('ii ll;imni>iiul was ouo ui u ccuuiijittet; 
of tlilfe apjn.)ii.t<xl to d.'cid*' lipoli the qiie.-^tlnii of biiikl- 
iujl a countv for the; c;ue of tbe poor of the- 
<'oanty. 'J'lit- house was l)uilt in 18o3, and from tliat 
year until 1842 he siirveJ as County Suporintondent of 
tlie Poor. 

This year, ov the one Ijcfove, John and Ahrani Gree- 
ley came into town, as is proved \)\ their both beinj^ 
appointed ovt'Vseers of hi^diways. Tliey were sons of 
John Greeley, who was l)orn iu 1759, and fouglit as u 
boy of sixteen at the Inittle of Bunker Hill He was a 
h;df brother of the father of Horace Greeley, the fa- 
mous jt)ui-nalist. He removed from Now Hampshi»-e 
to ;r^aiato;:;a county, and from that place to- J>rooktield, 
in Essex, before the war of 1812, and he died in 1852, 
liaviui^ lived ninety-three years. His son John fouoht 
iu tlu' war >•!' ]>^]2, and was wounded in the shouldt-i' 
at the battle of riattsbarjj;h, nftfi-ward reeeiviue, a })eu- 

TowTi nifetiii','' in the school house 
(.iiih'on tlamruoiid. Supeivisor. 
.John [hitL-h f/.w. Clerk-. 

A!ex;m(U-t' S|ii'ni-er, iMadorus Holcomb. .Irssr nranian. 

•He was the father of James, and of Ruth, who married Henry Frisbie. Abram 
Greeley was the father of John J. Greeley, now a resident of Westport. Three 
daug-htcrs of the first John Grceiey ma -ried and lived in Westport. N.-incy mar- 
ried William Olds, and their sons were Wallace and Marshall. Mary ni.arried 
William Viall, and their children werejohu G., Asa, Mrs. Orlando Sayre, after- 
ward Mrs. W hitney, and the first Mrs. F. H. Page. Phebe married Elijah ".Vill 
iams, and their sons were SamueJ aiidjossjih, boatmen on the I.-ike for nia;iy year* 
.inii A, fc-lijah, one r.f our dru^j^^Uts. 

.•>'•:/.• N/srn/n' of wKsrrcnn' 

John CLatKller, Collrctpf. 

John Lobdnll an. I Cw'nrL^e V,. Rfvnnlds. Poor Musters. 

Alansou Barber. Asah.4 Lyon. John Kinusie-y. Hi<j:[iwuy 

Cbuflcs |{at(h. Diadorus S. Holcoinb. DaT'iaubas Myrick, 
School Comniissioncfs. 

Asiihol Lyon, Caleb C. Eafnes, Joseph R. Delano.Sch.ool 
] nsp^>L'lofs. 

B. P. Douylass. Norris McKinncy. Siimnor Whitinj;-. 
l-"encp \'iev/ers 

William Vri-^bif. Pelpr Tarb;-'!. John Chandier, Joseph 
Ifardy, John \). Loodell, Constables. 

Xeu'toQ Bays, Pound Master. 

Overseers ot llie Ili^-hwavs.— Joseph Bicralov.-. Elihu H. 
Cole, Charles Fisher. Johu'Ferris, Caleb P. Cole. John H. 
Low, John Greeley. Moses Bull. Calvin Angier. Hetivv 
fJoyee, Bildad Royce. Lemuel Vx'hituey, Benjuuiin Hardy. 
Auijustiis Hill, Vine T. Bin<^'hani. Samuel Storrs. Leonard 
Ware, Auram Xiehols. I. udrew Frisbie. Jonathan Niehols. 
Ne!s(rn Low, Solomon Stockwell. Setb Lewis. Darius Mer- 
riam, James Marshall. Ijucius Lobdell. Nathaniel Flinkley. 

Voted .-r^ldi.) for the support of the poor. 

Town meotinp; adjournetl to tlie house ot Klijah New- 
ell, whioh stood on I'ieasant street. Affer lioldiug tlie 
town meetings for twelve vi'avs in tlie all-accommrx;!;!- 
ting school liou>,..', the custinii wa.-^- adopted of holding 
tlietn in some inn, and maintained until LSG:}, when the 
Armory was first used. 

We notice the name of Norris McKenny, who was a 
tailor, and built the house just m-rth of the Thiptist 
church, burned in ]S7(), which answ<-rs to the Baptist 
parsoaa^e of to-d ly. \X wis at:'refward own-*! bv Dm 
Kent, l)y llalph Love-land and by Victor Spencer. 

In 18'2'.> wa.s jutl'lished the first map of Essex county, 
by David H. Burr, with statistics from the latest cen- 
sus given :'t til.' Ih.ttom. >lr'V W^•stpol■t i- ..Toditel 


w itli haviiiL,' al)ont oue-fifth of tlio Liiid iiupn^voil. Real 
.'■otiite is valued at 686,423, ami pergonal piopurty at 
sl,400. There- were 075 males aiul G-17 females in the 
populatioD, 1G7 svibject to nnlitia duty, and 287 enti- 
tled to vote at elections. There were eleven school 
districts iu tow ii, scliool had been ke|)t an a\era;.!:e of 
six months in tlie ye;ir, and the amount of ])uV>lic money 
received was eiOl.lG. 121 children had been tau-ht in 
the scliools the past year, and there were reported 3-10 
children between the ages of 5 and 15. As for live 
stock, there were 1550 neat cattle, 237 horses, and 3501 
sheep. The most remarkable figures are those of the 
number of yards cf cloth of domestic manufacture. 
woven by the women on hand looms. 3282 yards of 
fulled cloth, 1015 yards of woolen cloth not failed, and 
2G59 yards of cotton and linen. Think of those women, 
with their large families to caie for, standing at tiie 
loom (lay aft'-^r day, and we-iving the blankets and 
siieets for the be(.ls, and the lintiu for the table-cloths, 
and clothing f'U- themselves and for their husbands and 
children.. And they spun the thread before they wove 
it, remember, and carded the wool before that, although 
the two cai-ding machines in town were by this time re- 
lieving them of some of this ])ait of the toilsonie [)ro- 
cess. And this Ix^mespun, home woven wurk was often 
very beautiful, as pieces of the linen still preserved will 
show. Only one giisL mill is reported, whicli njust 
have been tliat oi ^lyrick and Wadhams at the Fails, 
and this seems to prove that Hatch's two grist mills 
at Xoilhwest i'av and the one* :it < 'oil's P.av were no 


iiismin' nr \r/:s77'fj/rr 

lonrjer rm.niug. Also, (i,o,v is but oik- "iron works" 
n'portfd, wliich must t.ioaii >ryrifk's fnyy,' at the Falls, 
and would indicate that all the f.v.-gcs on the ])lack 
river \v( re now idl,.. ();„. t)'ip liainmer is irport.-d, 
eleven saw mills, three rulliu^ mills, two eardin,^ ma- 
chines, no dist, I!,., w, tour asheries and on.' oifmill. 
What an oil mill in Westport can have been 1 cannot 
i!na-in... TU-ir wpie two post otTices then, as now, West- 
port and Wudham's .Mills. 

Jo.SL'ph It. I),.Lano, whoso uame is now fn-^t mention. -d 
iu the to^^n leecuds, came from Tieonderoa,., and open, 'd 
a store and inn at Wadham's Mills. H,, was a son of 
Nathan DeLauo, -Jnd I.iiutenant in Capt. Mackenzie's 
cavalrv company in the war of 181-2, an<] brother of 
Thoinas DeLano of Ti. Wo soon find liis nan)e -iven 
a.s the incunilu'nt of many town ollices, and in 1^:41 ],,. 
was elected tlie first supervisor from the villa-e of 
Wu.lhams. ills lirst wih, was a Kiniptoi.. of Ti" and 
their dau-hter Maliala n:arrn-d Col. John L. .Aferriam. 
afterward Governor of .^;inne^ota. His second wife 
\\as IteJief Law. and their children were : Electa, mar- 
ried Walter 3Ienill of Tort Henrv ; Albertine,' married 
Duncan TlKunpson, now lives in Washin-tou ; Rusii. 
drowned in the J^„,4net when a boy, and'\vntoinette! 
n)arried Isaac Wood of Wadhams. 

Town nieetin- li-UI at t!,e Inn of l-:iijah Xeweli 
(•idcon {Jainmonil. Supervisor. 
JoIhi II r,,,u-. Town Clerk. 

iiisroRY OF wh'STJ'oirr 3on 

Pkitt R. IJiastead, Cbarles Fisher and JuLni Kin^'sk'V. 

Williaai Frisbio. Collecior. 

Geoi't^'c B. RevDold.s aud l^arnabas ]\Iyi'ii.-k. OverscfM-.s 
of the Ptx^r. 

Hezekiah Jvjrber. Nc.vtun Hays. Calvia Angiei-, High- 
way Coaimissiouei's. 

Ira Heiidei'son. Joel A Calhoun, Charles Hatch. School 

Diadorus S. Ikilcoiiib, Joseph K. DeLano, Asahel I^yor], 
School lns[)ector.-^ 

Wm Frisbie. Jostfph Hardv and Asahel Lvoa, Cousta- 

Xev.'tou Hayes. Pound Master. 

No fence viewers, and the first Justices of the Peace 
mentioned. The entry in the town records is certified 
to by three Justices. Diadorus Holconib, Jesse Bramau 
and Alexander Spencer. 

Overseers ot Hi<,'h\vays. or Pathniaslers — Apollos Wil- 
lian»s, Jr.. Levi Coll. Jr.. Charles Fisher. Asahel Havens, 
Caleb \\ Cole. Asahel Lyon. Elijah Williams. Horace Hol- 
comb, William Olds, Samuel Chandler, James Fortune, 
Francis Hardy, Jason Dunstcr. Au;_n.istus Hill. Samuel A. 
"Wiy-htman. John T,(.)bdell. Johnson Hill. Abraham Nichols. 
Andrew Fiisaie. Henry Stone. James McConle}', Archey 
l)unton, Elijah Sherman, Ejihiain'. Colburu, James Mar- 
shall. Lucins Lobdell, Nathaniel Hinckley. Leonard Ware. 
Jonathan Cady. 

We find mentioned ''Colburu's Mill," one belonging 
to Chester Taylor, and one to Garfield and Walker. 

A new road district i.s made, No. 38, "beginning at 
the lane west of Xatlian Wallis's, tlieu running north 
and east V)y James Pollard's, Erastus Loveland's, Leon- 
ard Ware's and Eldad Kellogg's, until it intersects t'.h; 
Court Hoase road." Still "Sliei'man's brook," which 
was the I'laytiioiul bi'ook, called in its U[-»por course the 
Stacy brook. 

Th ■ docado of the thirties saw tl:e height of the luui- 

:i<>0' HISTORY OF WEsrr Of rr 

ber busiucss. Myriek ;ind W.'ulhams, tlie Douglasses 
uDd the IT.-itclie.s ii\\\Q t'niployrnent to large numbers of 
iiieu in tlie forests, aiul upon the road.s, liauliug logs to 
the njills and the "d(H.-k sticks" and the sawed lumber 
to the wharves. All this brought custom to the stores 
which were kept by Hatch and Douglass- and Cutting. 
and by Myriek and AYadhams at the Falls, and the 
boal-lo.ids of ineichandise from Nt-w York began to 
contain more and more articles of luxury. By this tinie 
there wei-e no log houses left in the village of North- 
west Bay, though many were still .standing on outlying 
farms, and some of the best houses in town were built 
before 1835. Most of the brick liouses belong to this 
period, and the heavy-timbered fi'ame houses, like the 
one now owned by Dr. Shattuck,on Washington street. 
The Ba[)tist chui-ch was built this year, the first church 
edifice iu town, on the hill at the toj) of Washington 
.street, opjiosite the house now occupied by Ylr. C;ise 
Howard. The latter place was then owned by Piatt 
Piogers Halstead, who kept a bachelor's establishment, 
with a middle-aged houskee[)er, always known as "Aunt 
Meliuda," though she was no relative, and his sister Car- 
oline, then a girl of twtMity-one. She beg:in keeping a 
diary the tirst of July, and on the ninth she writes, 
"Yesterday our meeting house was raised. Everything 
went on in good order. A prayer was made at the 
commencement by Ehlcr Isaac Sawyer. \Ye witnessed 
the good ctfect.s ()f teuiporance, as no ardent spirits was 
drank on the grmind." It was indeed a novelty toha\e 
ui) liipnn- at a "raising," and this incident shows that 

HISTOin' OF ]VI:sT!'OI:T ar,] 

toinpt''r.'Mice f\.s a priitci])l(\ ;iiil1 not simply as a niatler 
of individual choice, was be,<:^inuiiv.'; to be advauced. 
Tliat it was literally but a begiuniiig could not be sliown 
more conclusively tbau by the following; iucideut, re- 
lated by Dr. S. S. Cutting twenty years after, wlicu 
he was a Professor in lioehester University. 

"My earliest recollection of the Pi(n-. Isaac Sawyer is 
associated witli an incident illustrative of his charac- 
ter. It was, I think, iu the summer of 1S27, before the 
tender of the cup had ceased to be an acknowledged 
juirt of the hospitalities of a Cliristian family. The 
minister of our church,— the Baptist cluirch in \Yest- 
port, N. Y., — had resigned, and Mr. Sawyer had been 
invited to visit the place with a view to the pjastoral 
otlice. He, with tlie retiring minister, was a guest at 
niy father's house, butweeii the services of the Sabl)ath 
day. I, as the boy on whom tliat duty naturalh" de- 
^ol^■ed, V, as directed to bear to our lieverend visitors 
the refreshment of brandy and water, wiLh sugar at- 
tached; and this 1 did without a thought to that mo- 
ment of any connection between conscience and drink- 
ing, except that conscience forbade intemperate drink- 
ing. ^Vith the air of ;3. true gentleman, quietly but 
friendly, Mr. Sawyer declined the cup. "It is a point 
of conscience with m(%" said the already venerable man; 
"'I have united with some of my brethren iu an obliga- 
tion to abstain entirely." '"A ptunt of conscience I" 
thought the astonished boy, — and he never forgot the 
lesson, or ceaseel to honour the minister of reli>j:ion 
from wl.MS- lij.s tln.s.- few words \y.u\ !;ill.'U. Thank 

iiisriiCY OF WFsrroirr 

llfnvt'U, thr cu]) rc'iiifd to ho jiiuong the liospitnlities 
<jf tl);it Ijotne. 

Stories are toKl, aiul triic ones too, of tlie uuiiistr.-r 
L-allin-- ;it .-^onu' ]).>usr \\\\w.h was tompoi arily destitiup 
of spirits, a/ia of thf siD.ill boy of tlie f;uui!y l.eiuK 
^^l)UJ^'^'I.■^l out of the pantry wimlow and seiU iu j^^reat 
secrecy for a new supply, all hopini; that tlip iniuistf-r 
niiiiht not suspect, as hc^ drank uitli them the 
i:;1ass, tiiat it way not drawn frouj their own celhir. Mr. 
J. S. Boy]it(jn tells a story of a house inJay, in the wall 
of whieli the owner injbt-dded a bottle of whiskv, and 
then bricked it over, saying, "Jt shall never be .-aid ..f 
me that I was at any time discovered without liquo]- in 
the house." I never heard of such extreme ujeasures 
bein^' taken in this town to escape the social disgrace 
of the times, but all these things show the condition of 
]>iiblic opinion. 

Elder Isaac -Sawyer was called to }»reaeh in April i.f 
l8-2-^, autl was pastor of tln^ chiuvdi six years, receivinu', 
according to tlie church hook, the sahuy of >'200 a year, 
wiiich was the laigest ,-alary yet i>aid up to that time. 
Wiiile he was heie !iis sou Allies married Caroline Hal- 
stead, and his daughter Mary married Austin Hickok. 
Elder Sawyer lived iu the iionse ou \V,:shiugton street 
now owned by Dr. Charles Holt, and it would seem to 
liave been built for him since my giandnnjther writes 
one day of calling on Mr.s. Ira Henderson, and adds, • 
"^Irs. fi. came with me over the bridge as far as the 
Elder's ni:w house. '" 

'this diary gi\"> pie i>ant giimp>es of tlie S(jcial lift; 

iiisTom' OF WFsrroirr .v6-.v 

of tiio placo foi- one ^-ear. Tliesc were tho clays wlu-ti 
matches, envelopes and steel pens were stiH unknown, 
and the only means of licjliting was by tallow caudles, 
dipped' or moulded in each household by hajid, wax 
candles being brought from the city for extraordinary 
occasions. The parlor candle-sticks had become very 
elaborate affairs, arranged with circles of hanging 
prisms to reliect the liglit and add brilHancy to the 
room. Wall paper was still unknown, Init T doubt if 
tlicre were wainscoted walls in Westport, although a 
wainscot half way up the wall, with plaster above it, is 
seen in all tho old houses. The height of fashion in 
china was tlie beautiful flowing blue, of which so few 
]iieccs have survived. 

The women wore the short-waisted dresses, with 
skirts short and scant, showing feet clad in the thinnest 
of slipper^ and beautifully cl ckrd stockings. The ntck 
and aims wei'e commonly left bare, and a cape carried 
on the arm to throw over the shouhhu's when it was 
cold. Perhaps this style of dress might account some- 
what for the number of deaths by consumption in those 
(\nly years of the century. Tlip hair was worn in high 
juifl's and curls, with a high l-ack comb, and sometimes 
with a curl falling each side of the face. The men wore 
high stocks, and their dress coats were cut away in front 
(<» show the most elaborate waist coats. Their hair 
w;is allowed to grow long enough to brush straight up in 
front and to curl back behiml the ears in a nnmner 
mn<di admired. Th(^ trons.Ts wei'e held neatly in place 
ovi r tile l.toots by straps nn/l'-r fhc i!istL[), and the hat 


msTonY or wKsrrmrr 

was bell-crownt i] with ciiiliij;j; hriisi. llntllcd .-^liiit 
fronts wcif conijil(t.,ly out of f.ishion, Init weiv still 
worn l)y some (.f tlu' older nit-u, aud John Halstoa 1 
wore ioi);:; liosr iiiul silver hucklcd shovs as long as Ik- 
lived. His sou Piatt nevt-r wore an overcoat, l>ut 
wrapped Lis military cloak about his spare figure wlien 
the weatiier was incleui^-ut, and it is ])artly on this a-- 
count th;it J am told by [Jcoph- wlio reiuend)er liitn that 
he strongh- resembled the portrait of Yon M(;lth«. Tho 
wonjen's bonnets wei't- tlie great flariug "pokes," which 
stayed in fashion so many yei\rs, though the shapes 
changed slightly, so that a tine Li-ghorn V)onnut might 
be bleached and "done over'" on a new Ijlock from the 
city as often as once in two or thiee years, and it is no 
exaggeration to say that such a b(tnnet was (jften worn 
ten years without tear of comment from one's neigh - 
b.^rs. Jn the simple lit^ of th.e little lak.- shore villag,-, 
peojjh- had [)lcnty of leisure, and my grandnKjthtr's 
diary lecords many an afternoon \isit, with neighbors 
coming in uninvited to si)end th^■ evening in pleasant 
idiat. On more formal occasions you were invited f.u- 
the afternoon and to stay to tea, like the companv 
which Mrs. Katy Scudilci- invites in the first cha}>ter of 
'"I'lje Minister's Wooing." Mrs. Stowe's ilescri]:ition of 
manners and con\ersation might liave been given of 
Westport in the tliiities, when it was fti(|Uette to prais(> 
everything on the table, beginning with the weaving of 
the linen, u liich was of course the wt)rk of your hr^stess, 
ainl in jierfectly g.xid f<»i-m to inquii'e of your n's-a-ri.s 
if he oi .^hv' ctijo\rd rcligioii. ( ).,c. the diary reeor-U: 

iiisToin- or wr.sTi'Oirr :^(>r> 

'"llecoivevl coiiniliinoiit>^ from ^^l•s. Wiglitman, witli an 
invitation to visit lier this v. ."\1. Other companv ex- 
]'tx-te(l, quite a little party." Ami after it was out, 
'Olary Sawyer, Mr. ]Me]viiin-:}y, Miles ami I look a 
short walk, the evi-ninj.^ lioinr^ very inviting and called 
:it Mr. Holeonilt's." She had J;ine ^rcKinnej- and Julia 
iriekok and Mary Savi-yer and other girls to stay with 
h','r over iu[.;nt, and oT.ce they A\eM!, on horsel.ack to 
'L'illiughasl Coh^'s to t-at v.-arm sugar. Tliere was also 
an iiivitatitni ttj ;i part}- at "Mr. Newel's," and after 
^Irs. Yan Yleek had come to tea, as .she frequently did, 
it was ahvays endorsed "had an excellent visit." Then 
as for the religious meeli))gs, they were an occupation 
in themselves. Wh;it w(;uld you think wow of listening 
to two long sermons every Sunday, with a Sabbath 
>^chool session betwee)i, and a pra3-er meeting in the 
evening, and tlieu two or three more "conferences" 
tlirough the week "? 

In August of this year occurred the great freshet 
which was ftdt tlirough all the Champlain v.illey. The 
Jiary says : "It has caused very extensive damages in 
many ditVerent places, not so niuch in this a.s in many 
nther.s. In Nfw Haven, \\., fourteen individuals were 
swept away by the torrent of waters rushing upon tiiem 
in the dead of night." Though no lives were lost in 
A\estport, mills and bridges went out along the 
Jjhiclc and tilt' Doquet, and Mill brook in the village 
carried awa\- all the mills whieh stood above the pres- 
ent dam. In St ptembcr the house of Dr. Wright on 

juiu iiisroin- OF \\'/:sT/>of:T 

' l'leas;int street w as 1)uiik'J, as is told in detail in tlio 

Aeordiiiu; to AVatson, ''Hraiiiard's Forges, contain- 
iii^ two or tlireo firijs each, wore erected iu 18;'>0, aud 
stood on Black river, a few loilcs from the CiMirt 
House."* We know th;it Da.vid Hiainard built ;i fur<^e 
on the lilack iu ISli, and this was doubtless rebuilt 
after the freshet. 

On the first of :\!areh, 1800, the Tirst Ba].tist Church 
of A\'estitort was legally iucorporated as a relii^ious so- 
ciety, with t!ie followiijr:; trustees : Gideon Hammond, 
Piatt Ji. Halstead. Ira, Henderson, (^eor<2je B. Reynolds, 
Dr. Dan. S. Wright, Horace ILjlconib and John Kings- 

Town Meetincr held at Elijah NewelTs. 

Barnaba.s Mvriek. Supervi.sor. 

Piodorn.-, S. Holeorni). Clerk. 

Jesse Br-ainan, Di^j^iMrus f iolcijra'n and Ahmson Bari)ef, 

Georire B. ReynoUls and John Ivingsley, Poor Masters. 

Eh>zckiah Barber. Xewtun Hays and 'W'iliard Cluirdi. 
Bii,'hway Commissioners. 

Asabei Lyon, Ira [lenderson, Horaee Holeomb. SuboLi! 

Diodorus S. Holeomb. Hlisha (iartieid, Aaron B. yhu-k, 
School lu.spectDrs. 

Joseph liardy. Codeetor. 

Joseph Hardy. Samuel Chandler and Joel A. Calhoun, 

Phiueas A. Durfy. P.)an(l .Master. 

The entry is L-criihcil to by tbr^M. Justiees, Jesse Bra- 
nran. .Me.\andei- Si)(MU't>r and Tideon ITmnmond. Tu-o 
Justices w.-re elected. Alexander Spiaicer and John II. 

iiisrom' nr wFSTPDirr :u;7 

P;ithm;i3tors. — Howard Mitrhi-U. E. IT. Coll, Jaau-s W. 
Coll. Tillincrbost Cole, C;ileb F. Col.\ Austin Hickok. Bar- 
iiaoas Myriok, MyroQ C. Cole. Luther AuL^ier. Iforatio 
LoveL Gaov^^e W. Slurtovant. Thomas \Vos-;on, .\]ns"s F.'ll. 
.lo'.'l Fitinoy, Nathan Cliast', Epbraini Bull. }ilarvoy Smith. 
Fvno.s Lovciaud. Piatt Shelflon, William Stacy. John Stacy, 
S.ii.'num Stockwoll. Hollli, Sherman. William McTntyi-e. 
Ale.vander Mi'L'->uj:al, Silas Daniel.-,. Ebenc'/er Douglass. 
Kriistus Loveland. JonatbaQ Cady. 

Town rv]eetin^' adjoarned lo Elijah Xewell's. 

Tliis year New Years Day fell o\\ JSaturday. On 
Sunday the diai-y notes "AtteiuloJ lueetinfr. Elder 
Sawyer'-s to.\t was in Jeremiah 28:15; This !n<rr tin, a 
f<h'ilt die, A. solenm and im|jressive diseourse." Such 
a text, dwelt u[.iou with the most positive convictioLi, 
and delivered to a congref:;atioa which had not yet 
learned to doubt, iiti-^ht well produce an impression. 
The power of the ])rea.ehi!ii>; of those days lay greatly 
in a ter\eut faith ii^ thi". supernatural. One of Ehler 
S;iwye]'"s early ex})eiienees had been thi.-;. ^^'hen a 
rough, uututoredTad, living in wilderness A\n-mont, he 
learned to play cards. One night he and another b(jy 
st(^le away by themselves, with one half-bui'ued caudle 
for light, to play a game on the floor of a barn. Be- 
coming absorbed in the game, which called for a keen- 
ness of observation and of forethought nc-ver before re- 
quired in any recreation of their dull lives, they played 
all night long, nor thought to stop until daylight began 
to break, lieealled to rectxjnition (jf their surround- 
ings, tiiey saw that the candle was still burning biight- 
ly, and was as long as it had been whem th.-y liist lighted 
U, hours bcfor.-. EacJi ft!t sure that he had neither 

. .."?''>■ lUSTOin UF ]Vi:sT/'(f/.'T 

suullt.-il the caudlu iior ()ut a now oue itito tlie camlli - 
stick since they bef^aii to phiy. 'J'ht; cunclusivju A\a> 
ol)vi(^us. Since it was tf,> tlie a(] vantage of no one so 
inncli as to the l^vil One himself that they should de- 
vote themselves to siuh luiholy })ractices as card ]ihiy- 
in^, it was jilain that, he, and no other, had suufted the 
caudle and replenishf'd it, and so ])Volou(^ed their wick- 
edness to suit his own ends. Xow if you believed that, 
as Isaac Sawyer bolievpd it, you \\oidd look u}>on a 
playing card with the same horror that he felt, that is, 
you would act Uf'Oij your conviction as he did. Tiie 
;,-. iie.xl o;enerati'.)u of Sawyers never played cards. In the 
■■'. generation after that the s])ell had weakened, .so that 
wht-n my mother told me the story she ex]>lained tho 
abs(.>iption of the boys who suufted the candle and 
changed it unconsciou>ly, and afterward were made 
c<jv.ards by their own con-;eieiices, but nevertheless she 
still felt the inherited horror stroiiger than reason, so 
that the sigiit of a, playing card was actually nniileasani 
to her. Now the ])reaching of a man w ho has such be- 
lief as that in the neai-ness of the supernatural, deliv- 
ered perhaps some night of the camp meeting which 
\v;is again held this year on the Si^co farm, when the 
light of the torches was reflected in the water, and made 
such deep shadows behind the tree trunks, and the 
voice of the |>reacher seemed to come from sotnc uii- 
kiiown Country, may well have ])roduced an effect such 
as the great revival which followed. Not that he was 
the only (^ne \^•ll(> >-;p.)ke fiom the strength of such con- 
viction-^, and >p.)kr with power, bather Cuin.-^tock to(>k 


:i leadiijj^ part in those camp meeting.-, and the Metho- 
dist prcaclieis of tliis time were Ovville Kyre])ton, G. 
W. Estoy, Hiram Cliase and P. M. Hitchcok. 

Dr. Cutting wrote as follows in regard to the reli.f^- 
ious hisieiry of the year: "I well remember a revival 
which occurred in 1S31. I was a student at the tim-j, 
at home in search of health. On my urrival, I found 
preparations in progress for a '3A>ur Days IMeei- 
iug.' The frame of the house of worsliip had been for 
some time raised, but the work had proceeded slowly. 
Fvoof and rough boarding were now hurried on ; a loose 
flooring was laid; rude benches were to furnish sittings 
for the congregation, and a carpenter's bench a plat- 
form for the preachers. The moral preparations seemed 
to be less adequate. A meeting largely attended was 
held in a school-house on the eveniiig previous to the 
groat gathering in the unfinished church. The Provi- 
dence of God had brought to the village, and that even- 
ing, the venerable Father Comstock, a Congregational 
minister, long known and honoured in Kortliern New 
York. On these aged men devolved the duty of the 
religious instructions of that evening. Father Com- 
stock preached, making the union of Christians in love, 
and prayers and labours, the burden of his message, and 
reaching a strain of Christian eloquence which it has 
never berii my lot to witness <in any other occasion. 
Father Sawyer followed, reiterating and ap[)lying these 
instructions, and, before the evening closed, the niem- 
l)ers of the church, to that hour so languid and so 
'wauling in faitli as well-nigh to quench the liuj)e o{ ,i 

370 iiisToh'V OF WKsrroirr 

bk-ssIiiL', wor.^ l)n)n;j;lit iq^nn thfir kn-r-.s in C'life^sions 
:iiv] pravtM-s which were the snrt; pi-ociusors ol a great 
iugithoriiiL; of souls. This ;.';i'oat revival was, 1 believe, 
the last uutler the tninistrj of Father Sa\v\er at West- 
port, and ilhistraterl, as it seems to me, the excellence 
aipl heiuht of his ])uwer as a Christian ]'aste)|-." 

This year the first class m.jetiii;:; of tlie Methodist 
Ejiiscop;,! cluircli was *trrr;'.!ii?:e(1 at V.'jidli.ims Mills, 
comj>osed as foUovs : Captain Ijevi Frisbie, le;id<>r, 
with Nathan Jones, Thomas Wfssons, Mrs. T. Wessons, 
0\-reuus Payne and a Lack family, in all teu persons, as 
members. From this time on there Avas regular preaeli- 
ini^ at the Falls by tlie cii'cnit rider. 

Tlu! year was sit^nalized by ,L"^reat accessions to all 
tlie chui-ches. The ]3a{)tist church records show sixty- 
one additions in 1830, and forty-eij:,dit in the succeedin<:!; 
years, and there was a ccvrrespouding increase in the 
M. Vj. chnrcli. As nji^ht be expected, ehaugts were 
sometimes made from one church tiM the orht>r, as when 
Diadovus Hnlcnnb and his wife Sylva left the Baptist 
uhureh for the MethoLlist. These were tryiu^i; occa- 
sions, and doctrinal discussions were frequent and 
searching, forming a common topic of conversation. It 
was at ai)Out this time that the wife of Elder Lsaac xSaw- 
yer ^born 31ary Willonghby,) delivered one of those 
l>ithy sayings so fondly cherished by ])0sterity as indi- 
cative of character: "We hear a great deal ahont Free- 
will Jjaptists," iiaitl she, "and Hard-shell F>a})tists, but 
the greatest trouble I have is with self-willed Baptists!" 

An-ither suidrctof onversa.tion was the Anti-Masoio'e 


'movement, ^\ liich bad been growing ever since the mys- 
terious disappearance of ^NForgan in 1826, and was 
now at its height as a political power. Caroline Hal- 
stead wrote in her diary in LSoO, "Attended the Asso- 
ciation (of the Baptist Clmrehes) in Octcjber. The pro- 
ceedings there caused nu^ uumy very }Kunful feeling-^. 
Some of the churches were more engaged about Anti- 
Masonry than religion, I fear." But all were not of 
her mind, for the W'estport churches passed a strong 
resolution against Free Masonry in 1831, followed, it 
would seem, by divisions and unhappiuess, as might 
have been expected. "Sister (Mary Hunter) Cutting" 
confessed in 1S33 to having been much "troubled about 
Masonry," being apparently quite out of sympathy with 
the action of the church. 

This year the hotel at Wadhan:)s was built by Isaac 
Alden, a descendant of John Alden of the Mayflower^ 
His wife was the first wliito child boin in the vicinity 
of Montpelier, Vt. lie >vas the father of Gen. Alonzi.i 
Alden of the Civil War, who was born at Wadhams in 
1831, attended the Academy at Keeseville, and in lSl-3 
taught school in West[>ort. He afterward graduated 
from William Colleges, and practiced law in Troy until 
the Civil War, in which he rendered distinguished serv- 
ices, becoming a brigadier-general. 

Town Meetiug at Elijah Newell's. 
Barnabas .M} rick. SuiHTvis'jr. 
Aaron H. Maek, Clerk. 

:i7j iiisToiry <>F wKsrmirr 

Jossp nfamun, Aliiiisoii }?;'.vbL'r, (Jidt^on HamnioiHl, As- 


Joseph Hardy, Collector. 

(leoi-i^^e W. lievuolds and J(.>hii Ciiandlrr. Poor Masters. 

James \V. CvW, Willard Cbureli, Newlon Hays, Highway 

Irii HeudersoD. Horace nolcomb, A.sahol L\itn. School 

Joseph H. Delano. [). S. Holcoinb, Abiathar Pollard, 
School Inspectors. 

Joseph liardy. Therot) Slaughter and Joel A, ('alboun. 

Newtou Hays, Pouud Master, aod also the incumbent of 
a new office, that of Town Sealer ot Weights and Measures.* 

Gideon Hammond. Justice. 

Pathmasters--Joseph BiLfelow, John Stone, Aluusou 
Harber. Asa Lovpland, Caleb P. Cole, Asahel Lyon, Bar- 
nabas Myrii'k, .My run C. Cole. Nathaciel Allen, Henry 
Kjy(;e. George Fortune, Isaac Alden, Tliomas Hadley, Au- 
gu^,t'js Hill, Samuel A. Wigbiman, John Lobdell. Johnson 
Hill, Timothy Draper, Andrew Fiasbie, Jonatluiu Nichols, 
Iriies Shirtlifr, Forest M. Goodspeed, Eli I'^erris. Epbraim 
C.)ulbuin. Josepj Faruham. John Sweat, Nathaniel Hiiilc- 
ley. George Vaughan, Josinthau Cady. 

V<)ied to the supoort of the poor. ^9:175. 

It was this dayenacied llial the coUectorshould '"collect 
for thtee pur cent, of the wh(jle anKjunt." Also tnat scnool 
conitui^.-iioners and school inspi'Clors should shtvl- for SI. UO 
a (lay. .-\.Uo that all neat catrle should run as fi-ee com- 
ii.ouers. und that a lawful t\/uce "must be matle of sound 
inatei-ials and b'> 41 feet hiirh. 

It was ill 1832 tiiat the Kents came, from Bensou, 

Vt., ami a new industry was staiteJ. Dan Kent was a 

hatter, atnl he made liats in a building at the east end 

1)1 the luidge at Northwest Bay, emph>ying a number of 

•This office, which was regTilarly filled every year for twenty- two years, was 
coQ.sideret! very important at the time. It was the duty of the Sealer to examine 
weights and measures in the, and certify U»ose which accorded to the U-£:al 
standard by affixing a seal. This was a protection to the ignorant or unwary from 
unscrxipulous d»aiers, and also a v.-clcomi: endorsement for all hunest tradesmen. 

J/IST(Ji:y OF V.'KSrroRT :i7:i 

men. Tliis "liat shoi>." st.-unling wlicro llu^ i)ul)lic 
fountain now stands, was threfc-stovieJ, and built in a 
square, massive style, with many windows. It \sas 
used as a tenement after tlie raanufacturc of liats ceased 
to be profitable, and was not torn down until about 
18S7. 'J'he builder was I^avid Clark, (grandfather of 
the present builder of the same name,") and the first 
owner sneni.s to h;ive bten John H. Low. 

Dan H. Kent married Samautha Hammond, daughter 
of Gideon. His sister Harriet married Ralph Love- 
land, sou of Erastas and grandson of Enos. Katharine 
Kent was a peculiarly beloved school teacher among 
the village children, and married the Eev. Mr. Wliit- 
ney.* Angusta Kent was also a school teacher, in 
Westpoit and in the south, and married Mr. Victor 
Spencer, who was book-keeper for Silas Witherbee at 
Jacksoiiville, and also well-known as a teacher. He 
was for a while in business with Dr. Piiehardson of 
Wiiallonsbmgh, :ind afterv.-ard went to IMichigan, where 
he was connected with Mr. Lovehuid in the lumber 
business. Mrs. Spencer has been of the greatest assist- 
ance in preparing this part of this history, especially in 
a vivid account of the village as she first saw it, cova- 
iug into it on the road fiom Barl)er's Pointy a lit- 
tle girl nine years old. So many changes have come 

•One o£ the most irrepressible of the boys who went to school to Miss Kent was 
Conant Sawyer, and he afterward gave evidence of the love and respect which she 
inspired in hirn by na:ning his dajgh'.er after her. The Kents were cousins of 
Mrs. Katy Childs Wail<er, a wellkaown contributor to the Atlantic Monthly of a 
g-encration ago. One of her wittiest and moit often quoted articles was "The 
Total Depravity os Inanimate Things." She often visited in Westport. 



ubout in the sevcuty years since tlu'ii that it \^ or.kl take 
paj^es to explain to a stranger her account of tlie houses 
which stood between the Point and the bridge in the 
village, but it has been invalual.ile to the writer as 
the one point of solid gromul upon whicli to stand in 
looking forward and back iij an estimate of the histori- 
cal growth of the village. She saw a little countiy 
]ilace, of hardly more than one street running along 
above the shore, quiet aad yet busy, slow but not yet 
shabby, with good houses and well-dressed jieople, and 
u social life in which it w as possible to find cultivated 
minds and manners, with leisure for conversation. 

Many a glimpse of these conditions is given in Mrs. 
Spencer's letters, like this incid(;nt of her first summer 
in Westport. 

"Eliza Durphy lived at our house then, and took me 
with her to Caroline Sawy>n-'s.— the old TLdstead house 
on the corner.- She was after a copy of the missionary 
hymn wi'itten, 1 think, by the author of 'Anierica,' 
Smith. It began : 

"Yes. my native land. J love tlioe well; 

Can I, can 1 leuve thee, lui'in heathen lands to dwell?" 

"I remember so well your grandmother's soft voice 
nud pleasant ways, and the big bunch of flowers she 
gave me, v,ith some jiink lavender which she called 'cn- 
pids.' Your mother was Lun-n soon aft^;r. I was ou\y 
nine years older than she was." A missionary hymn- 
and a gift of flowers, remembered for seventy years, 
show that there was gr'Utleness and refinement :it h(-ime 
in this reui-t..- place. XwA tlje chdd who "was bora 

HISTORY OF M'HSrroRr o'7.'. 

soon after" loveJ llo%vei'.s anJ poetry witli a [)as.sionate 
love all her life. 

Mrs, Spoucer goes on to say tliat Aaron B. Mack l)uilt 
the brick house just north of Judge Hatch's, afterward 
occupied by Charles B. Hatch, that summer, and in the 
fall the house still further north, commonly called "the 
Aikens hou^e," from the fact tliat Judge Aikens after- 
ward owned it, was built for John H. Ijow. 

This was Dr. Abiathar Pollard's first year in West- 
port, lie being elected school inspector immediately 
after his arrival. He was born in Bridgewater, Yt., in 
1808, and had just graduated from Castleton Miidical 
College. His parents were Abiathar Pollard, from 
Massa.chusotts, and Comfort Sisco Pollard. The Sis- 
cos had been at Sisco ba}' at least since 1821. After 
about four years' practice in Westport, Dr. Pollard at- 
tended lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, and 
in 1S3"> married Hannali Douglass, daughter of Ebe- 
nezer. He was six years in Cha/y, Clinton county, 
eight years in Eeeseville, two iu New York and eight in 
California, and iu 18G1 returned to \Vestj)ort and there 
remained until his death. 


Town Meeting held at the lua of Newton Hays. 
A sail el Lvon, Supervisor. 
AaroG B. Mack, Clerk. 
Jesse liraman, Justice. 
Newton tliiys. Collector. 

AK^.\arider Spencer, Diodorus Ilolcomb. Joseph Hardv. 
Ass.'-,-,. M-s, 


■ Hezokiah Barber, James W. Coll, John Greely, Jr., 
Hijfhway CorntnissioDcrs. 

Abiatbar Pollard. Florace Holcorab, Ira lienderson, 
School Cuinuiissiooers. 

D. S. flolcomb, Asabel Lyon, Myron C. Cole. School In- 

Geori^e B. Reynolds and Abel Baldwin, Poor Masters. 

Newton JTays, Joel A. Calhoun, Therou S]aLi(.'hter, Con- 

Newton Hays, Pound Master, and Sealer of Weights and 

Pdthrnaster— Horace C)imsby. Isaac Stone, 
Spencer, Andrew Frisbic, Williaui Frisbie. Norris Mc- 
Kiuny. Cyrus Picbards, Myrou C. Cole, Calvin Angi^r, 
Danea Dodt»-e, Willard Church, Lemuel Whitney, xVbel 
Baldwin, Joel Finney. Jeduthan Cobb, Willard Hartwell, 
Amos Smith. Oliver' B. Babcock. Piatt Sheldon. William 
Stacy. William Pericius, Archy Duuton. Orrin Siciuner. 
Moses Felt. Edward Harper, Geor;y:e Skinner, Nathaniel 
Hinkley, Geor<^e Vaughan, Jonathan Cady, Elisha Royce. 

It was voted that the balance of the money in the hands 
of the Po'ir Masters belon^ins,' to the town should bo ap- 
plied to the purchase of Wei^^'hts and Measures. 

"The luQ of Newton Hays" stood on the corner of 
Main and WasliiDj^ton streets, on the present Library 
lawn. Tradition saith that tliis inn was first built by 
Aaron Felt. Next year avb find it occupied by Harry 
J. Person. I liave been told that Newton Hays built 
the brick house standing above the Library, so long 
known as "the Walker Eddy house," at about this time. 
In the road surveys we find a new road laid out "from 
Douglass wharf to David S. McLeod's." The McLeod 
house on the corner was burned in 190L 


Tbis year t!ie Town Meetin<4' was held "at the Inn of H. 
J. Person." This shows tnat it wJis at this ti;ne that H. 


,T. Person boutrht the hotel mi the corner, which was so 
we!l known a laDciniark until it was burned in the fire of 
JS7G. Mr. Person kept it until his death. 

Ebenezcr Douijlass, Supervisor. 

Benjamin P. Dout^lass. Clerk. 

Diodoi-us Holeorab, Justice. 

Alanson Barber, John Chandler and Joseph Hardy, As- 

Hezekiah Barber, John Greely, Jr., Abel Baldwin, Road 

STfU-ton Ilays. Collector. 

Ira Henderson, D. S. irolcoa::b, William L. Wadharris. 
School Commissioners. 

Miles M"F. Sawyer, .Abiathar Pollard. Jus^^ph Pv. Delano, 
School Inspectors. 

John Lobdeli, Levi Frisbie, Poor Masters. 

Newton Hays. Therou Sla'Jtrhter, Marcus J. Hoisington, 
^Tfanville Stone, Joel A. Calhoun. Constables. 

Enos S. Warner, Sealer of Weitrhts and Measures. 

Xorris McKinney and Thomas Weston, Pound Keepers. 

Two poutids are established this year, for the first time, 
sbowinij the increasing' needs of a cri-owintjf settlement. 
Norris iMcKinuey lived at North West Bay, and Thomas 
Weston near Wadhams Mills. 

Pathmasters— Thomas Locli. 0^is Sheldon. Union Coll, 
Noel Merrill, Da-vid Rogers. Newton Hay^. John Greely. 
Jr.. Willard Eiea;^a.r H. Ranucy, Henry R^yce. 
(ieorge W. Sturtevaut. Jason Braman, Joseph Hardy. 
Charles Denton, John Stanton. John Lobdeli, Ephraini 
Bull, Lyman Smith. John F. Alexander, William Perkins. 
<;iles Shirtlcff, Stephen Barber. Lee Prouty. Moses Felt. 
Robert McDougal. Leonard Taylor. Ebenezer Douglass. 
George Vaughan. Jonathan Cady, Thomas Fortune. 

Voted to appropriate 65.81 to purchase the Desk ex- 
amined by the Auditors for the deposit of town Books and 
Papers. The Auditors were the Town Board. 

This year a road was discontinued, "'beginning at the 
intersection of the road h-ading from O. H. Barrett's with 
llie road leading from Wadhams Mills to John Daniels' 
forge, to the north line of Jesse Braman's Lot."" 

The surveyor was Joel K. French. 

It w;is about this time, perhaps somewhat earlier, 

:{7s iiisrou'Y or wKsTi'oirr 

tluit Asahel lioot c;uiie from Eliznla'tlitDUU uikI settlt.-.l 
()!j the lake road, on the farm so lou-^ occupied by liis 
son, Col. Samuel Eoot, until the ])ro})erty v.-as sold to 
the Westport Farias in ]vS'.)7. Col Hoot was a boy of 
sixteen when the family movt,'d into town. He after- 
ward married Cynthia Fisliei', and one of their dau;j;h- 
ters is Mrs. Chaflos H. PattisOQ of Moriah. He re- 
ceived ills title through being elected Colonel of the 
militia at the tiu)e of the Civil War, and though he 
uever went to the front, he did gallant service in rais- 
ing the w;ir qu^)ta of the town. (His father had l)eeu 
a sergeant in the militia during the war of 1812.) He 
might be called our "uar supervisor," since he held 
that oillce from ISli'J to 1863. He represented the 
county in the Assembly 1868 and 186i>. 

In 18H-1, David Clark came to this village with his 
family, from Cornwall, Vt. He was a house builder, 
and a good proportion of the houses now standing ii> 
Westport were built by hinj,and by his sou, and b}- his 
grandson, the latter being still the principal contractor 
for new buildings. Mr. Aaron Clark was for many years 
a |)romiuent man in the afVairs of the M. K church. 
He married Harriet Clark, a grand-daughter of Capt. 
Levi Frisbie, and their children were : David married 
Minnie Pattison. Aaron B. took orders in the Episco- 
pjd Chuich, an<l is now living in Dal<(>ta. Mary mar- 
lied F-dmund J. Fh>yd. Theresa married Nelson J. 
txibbs. Anna married Mr. Miildlebrtjok, and is now 
living in Yergennes. 

ImujijJ":'.'.!' >M. w;i.s n.ow bii-dv {\:\u\ al! directions. Fr^n.^ 


the nortli Q<\\v\e in tlie Stevfnsous, and sfttlcMl in tlje 
oxtrerne soutli of P)essljoro, on the lake shoif. This 
family came from Kelso, Scothind, on tlie river Tweed. 
William Stevenson was a carjienter, and he, with 
his wife, three sons and one daughter, came to 
.America about 1830, landing at Quebec and com- 
ing; from there to Whallonsljurgh, and a ilttle 
latt r to Westjiv-rt whe}-e he boup;ht a faiiu near tlie 
'"stone bridge," at the mouta of Beaver Brook. The 
canny Scf)tchmaD watched his neighbors at their farm- 
jjjg, and observed that they were using an old-fashioned 
kind of plow, not ada])ted to tlie soil whicli they were 
working. IIh had made for himself a plow after the pat- 
tern of those which he had seen in the old country, and 
.'^o introduced the first "long-mold-board, long handled 
plow" ever seen m Westport. The Stevensons were all 
skilled mechanics, the three sous working for the Bay 
State Iron Company at Port Henry for many years, 
besides carrying on tiieir farms in Westport.* 

This was one of the earliest springs on record, the 
ice being out of the lake at Flattshurgh March 15. But 

♦William Stevenson was thrice married. His son Thomas wag the child of the 
first vrife, John of the second wife, and Alexander and Margaret of the tliird wife. 
Thocaas married Isabella dughter of Robert Williamson of Galtonside, 
Roxboroshire, and tl-.ey had six children, the oldest of whom was Ljeut 
William Henry S'evenson of Co. F, liSth N. Y. V. John Stevenson married 
Sarah Van Antwerp, »nd they had six children, of whom Jacob V. was in the 
77th N. Y. v., and William was also in the service of the United States 
duripg^ the Civil War. Alexander married his cousin, Marjj-aret, daughter 
of Robert Richardson, »nd they had nine children, the oldest of whora 
is Robert Richardson Stevenson, at one time editor of the Ticonderoga 
Sc'ntiocl, and School Comm.'ssioner. (Charles W. Stevenson of We>tport is his 

■iso . IllSrom' OF WKSTl'iiRT 

it V.MS a1>:o ii yt'ar whi.'U the .s])iin<^- went backwanl, as 
the 14tli ami Lllli of IMay saw a great snow stoim, })il- 
iug the snow in Jrifts. Jiarnabas Myrick went to the 
Assembly at Albany this year, and another event, quite 
as mnc-h a njattev nf coniruent, was the death of Joseph 
Call — ''.loe Call, the Ivowis j^iaut," — uho hail moved to 
\\'estport suuie years before this time. Essex countv 
mytlu.lo^y is enriehed by ujauy a yarn about the 
streugtli of this man. He had been a soldier in the 
IJritish army, had won a watch in a wrestling match in 
Scotlanil, had eocne to An^.erica ami f.>ught on our side 
in the war of 1812, had crushed V)etween his hands a. 
British grenadier in Plattsburgh who would not wresth^ 
fairly, and was altogether l)eloved as a typical embodi- 
ment of the strength oi the young republic pitted 
against the unfair bullying of Eughvud. One delightful 
story, alt(igether "too g(K>d to be true," is of his fame 
reaching to I',ugland, or perhaps being never forgotten, 
there, and of a champion wrestler crossing the seas 
and seekitig him out on his Lewis farm, where he was 
discovered plowing. N(.w Joe Call did not show his 
immense strength at the tirst glance^ being no more 
tiian si.\ feet high, and "heavier'n he looked," 
(perhaps wlien local genius elaborates this point 
there is a subtle intention to inn>ly that one must 

Marjcaret, daughted of William. Stevenson, married John Ortniston, who came 
from Berwick-oti-Tweed, and they had seven children. As William Stevenson> 
the fcainder of the family in America, had twenty-eight grand children, nearly all 
of them born in Westport, oo one will expect me to eo much as make a 
bcfinnin^ at naminff his descendants. The records of this family have been kept 
with an admiraMe fidelity and exactnf^s, showitiif that the siiiri". of the old SvO*- 
tish clan still survives atuonjj thtMr Airciic nn StcvcniOus>, 


ho mneli more than six feet liigh aud proportiouately 
Ptroug to exoite notice anioug our stalwart raouvitHin- 
t'ors,) ami when ttie stranger iuqnired the way to Jog 
Call's house, the plowman lifted his plow in one liand 
and silently pointed to the nearest farmhouse! Of 
course the story concludes v.-itli the statement that the 
stranger had no courage to try a fall with the famous 
vrestler :ifler tliaf. 

On May 1st, ]8ol, the Essex Couuty Academy waH 
established' in Westport under an act of the Legislature 
authorizing Asahel Lyon, Pl«.tt Bogers Halstead aud 
Beuajah P. Douglass to incorporate the same. This 
Academy v. hs i\.iv twenty years or more oueof the most 
important schools along the lake receiving students 
from New York aud Montreal, as well as from Vermont 
.and from all the towns of the county. Its sessions were 
held in a large building on the south side of Washing- 
Ion street, /on the site now owned by Frank L. Smith,) 
which was built for a dwelling house by Austin Hickok^ 
a ffw years before tliis time. The large white house 
just above it, now occupied by Mrs. E. B. Low, was 
built as n boarding house for the Academy, and so used 
as long Jis the Academy tiourished. The old Academy 
building burned about 1S74. The first trustees of the 
Aeadem\- were Aaron 15. Mack, Judge Charles Hatch, 
Charles Jl Hatch, (leorge V>. iieynrdds, Ira Henderson, 
"N'orris McKinney, iJarnabas Myrick, CalcV* P. Cole anil 
Joseph Cole. The capital was S'2o()0, in shares of ^2-") 

•Austin Hickok was a brother of Dr. llcnry ilickok, so long' pastor of the Pre»- 
byterian Church of Orunge, N..I., .jQii Mrs. C. H. Eddy (born Marit-tta Hickck) 
u-ds his siscer. 


each. March 6, LS^JS, the Acailemy received a ebai ter 
from th^' Piegeiits. 

This yoar a jvursouage was pnrehaseii for the M. J', 
cliurcli, but 1 have failed to find wliere it stood. The 
coiiimittce appoiuted to mauage the business was John 
Gibbs, Joseph BurHu-ame, II. S. Odeli, D. Holcouib 
and William Frisbie. At this time Westport and 
Mfjriah bclongetl to the Middleburv ])istrict, and 
the preachers were Ezra Sayres and Andrew C. Mills. 
The sutumer camp meeting was held, not on the hike 
shore, but in a grove near the brook on Piatt lialstead's 
farm — since Albert Carpenter's. 

This year Capt. Ira Henderson^ the boat -builder, 
erected a large house on North street with fireplacen 
and brick oven. In 1848 it was converted into a hotel 
by his sou-iudaw, William Ilicliards, an^d so used until 
it was burned in 1893. 

1830. • 

TowD Meeting at the Inn of l\. J. Person. 

El)eiiezer Douifiuss. Su})cr\isor. 

Keuajah P. Douglass, ClerK. 

Ira lieudei'sou. Justice. 

Hoi-;ice Holcotab. Aoel Caldwin, Isaae&tone, Assessors. 

Mile.> M'P. Sawyer. AUuison Baroer. Moses Felt, Kuad 

Marcus J. Hoisiugton, Collector. 

D. S. Holcomb. Abitbar Poiiard. William Frisbie, Scho<.ii 

EaosS. Wuruer, Asahel Lyon. Albert P. Cole, School 

Newtiui Hays. Marcus J. Hoisington, Alanson Denton, 

Levi Frisi'ie and John LnbdelL Poor Masters. 

Laruabu> .\l\riiK. S..';iler of W'^ii'tiLs and Meas>ures. 


Patlimasters. — Thomas Lock, Ephraiin Colburo, Uuion 
Coll. Levi Frisbie, Amos Culvei", Newton Ilays. Wiram 
Ayrcs, Wilkifd Frisbie, Calviu Angipr. Charles 5l. Church, 
Abram E. Wadhams. Jason Duii.-^ter, Au^^Jstiis Hill, Oliver 
>[. Larrett, Wiliard Hartwell, Johnson Hill. David Smith, 
John F. Alexander, Jonalhau Nichols, Bejamia West- 
gate, So!onr»on Stock well, John Charaberlin, Darius Mer- 
riara, Joseph Faroam, George Skinner, Ebouc^er Doug- 
lass, George Vaughan, Jonathan Cady. Emory Mather. 

Voted that the balance of nioney in the hards of thel'cor 
Masters be ajiplied for the support of the common schools, 
and that the books kept b^' the Poor Ma.'^ters be deposited 
in the Town Clerk's oQice. 

That the School Commissioners revise and regulate the 
boundaries of the school districts. 

Adjourned to Spencer's Hotel. 

This year a special Town Meeting was called in June to 
olect an Assessor iu the place of Isaac Stone, who did not 
serve. DiadMru^^ Holcomb was elected tothe vacant place. 

in the road surveys we find an alteriitibn of the road 
'"leading from Whallon's Mills to North West 13ay, begin- 
ning opposite Henry Royce's dwelling house." The sur- 
veyors w^^re Abram Stone and Joel K. French. A new 
i-oad was opened "'froni Mosps Felt's to Darius Merriam's. 
and to Fflt and Mprriam's [Mill Yard." Piatt FJogers Hal- 
stead surveyed aioad "'from l.uthcr Angler's to V,'ualluu"s 

Now begius another era, witli tlie prosperous exist- 
ence of the Acaderay. From the first, Westport has 
never been uumintlful of her schools. Even tlie primi- 
tive district scliools seem never to have beeu tau^^ht by 
ihe most worthless members of the community, as some 
stories of eavlj baekwoods schools in other places would 
invlicate, and Dr. Cuttinj;^ has left his testimony that in 
18'2I» he found what he calls "a good school" at Nortli- 
west Bay. Wi? wish he had recorded the teacher's 
Kame, as very few of the early teachers are remenibered 
Jo-da\, Tin; nan)es of .Miss (?.i(lv ;)ik1 Miss J^ites yre 


3S4 iiisTonv OF ]vi:sTi'(j[rr 

' luentioiieJ, ciud we know tliat TiUcetta J;r)\ oland, (aftti- 
ward 1^1 IS. Kgerton,) anl Huldah Holcomb, (afterward 
Mrs. liartli.'tt,) taught several terms. Later, the teacli- 
ers of the township were almost universally from tlic 
Acadeniv— -M)-. Wheaton Cole writes: "Afterward 1 
attended tlie Westport xVcadeuiy, where I fiuislieii 

my school work, atni began teaching in Pantou, ^'t., 
at the j)ri!u;ely salary of eleven dollars per month, 
aud boarded around. 'Four months gave me forty- 
four, dollars. I was rich. It was the most mon- 
ey I had ever had at one time in my life. I 
always loved the school rooui, aud taught twelve terms, 
ten of theui iu Westport seljools. I was the town su- 
perintendent for Westport, aud in after years was the 
county superintendent of Fayette county, Iowa, for 
seven years. My last school was taught at Wadhams 
Mills; the teacher left, and I finished the school term."' 
FTappily, a catalog of the first working year of the 
Acadeiny has remained, not yet "overtaken by eteiu- 
ity," like so au'.uy docuijsonts that we would like to 
see. It is here printed entire. After the names of res- 
ident pupils tlie address "Westport" is omitted. 

Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the 
Essex County academy, Westport, 

FOR THE year 1836. 

Ti"ustees: Cbarlos Hatch, Gtorgc J3. Rcyaolds, Aaruti 
B. JNluL-k. iJarc.abas My rick. Ira fiendersou. Charles IJ. 
HatcL. Xorris McKiunev. Caleb Cole, Abiatbar Pollard 
M. U. 

lii-5tr.Kturs : Orsuu Iv-'Hol';:. A. M.. Priucipal. 



Abial P. Mead. M. D.. (of Essex.) Lecturer. 

Mr. Jesse P. Bishop, Male Teacher. 

Miss Eaiily P. Gross, (of Keeseville,) Teacher. 

Miss Mary Severance. Music Teacher. 

]Miss C. S. L. 3>IcLeod, Teacher of I'rimary 

Evander W. Ranuey, M. D., appointed T^cct- 

urer for the eusuin;; N'ear. 

]Male l>ci:)artnieiir.. 

Lewis Bnrtlett, Jay. Jesse 'P. Bishop, Pauton, Vt. 
Jobn F. Donner, Montreal, L. C. Judson Bostwick. Ed- 
win N.- B'Dstwiek, ^Montreal. Janaes P. Butler, Moriab. 
Thomas W. Call. Francis Chase, Keeue. Adams Clark, 
David Clark, Aaron Clark, Dexter B. Colburne, Moses 
Coll. Harry X. Cole, Dan Cuttino-. Thomas Donaldson, 
New York City. Ebenezer Douglass, Ticonderoga. Francis 
A. Douf^'lass, Ticonderoga. Edward Douglass, Cornwall, 
Vt. James W. Eddy, Samuel H. Farnsworth. Daniel 
French, Lewis. James Farnsworth. Albert A. Farns- 
worth. Lewis. Henry Farnsworth, Fort Ann. 3Jartin 
Farrand, Jeremiah Flinu. AbielGouId. Piundolph, Vt. John 
S. Gould. Essex. Luther B. ILimmond, Rensselaer B. Flam- 
moud. Houry Hap^food, Edwin Hatch, Percival Flatch, 
George V\'. Henderson. Willian Fligby, ^Yillsborougb. 
Wiliiam'Holconib, Benjamin Frank Holcomb, William Hod- 
ges. John Howard, .^ioriah. Lucius Howard. Daniel 
Howard, New Haven, Vt. Cyrus Kellogg. Elizabethtov.n. 
Richard Henry Lee, Lewis. Benjamiu F. T>ee. Lewis. 
Diadorus H. Loveland, l^lph A. Loveland, Solon Lovell, 
Li;cius Lvon. Henry Marks, Elizabethtowu. Foster Mc- 
Kinney. John L. Meri-iam, Essex. Ira Myrick. Nathan 
Myric'k. Rowland J. Nicbols. Lewis. William H. Peck. 
Keeseville. Michael Phyfe, New York Citv. William 
Phyfe, New York City. Orrin Reed. Jay. Alva C. Rog- 
ers, Anson Rogers, David Rogers, Samuel Root. Stephen 
Rowo, Chesterfield. John N. Rust, New York City. 
Cvrus Richards, Charles Richards. John Savre. Samuel 
M'. Scott. Keene. William G. T. Shedd. Willsborough. 
Henry Shedd. Willsborough. Marshall Sbedd. Wills- 
biirouirh. Edward Shumwuy. Essex. Dennis B. Stacey. 
Charles Sr.iCev. Thomas *D. SfatVoru, E-..^cx. Miroa, 


3Sf> jiisTORV OF WKsrrnirr 

Stearnes, FJizabethtown. Alpheus Stono, Stillinau Stone. 
Jonatban Ti'.rbcH, Moriah. David T. Taylor, Xt,-w York- 
City. Obod Taylor, Esstx. John C. Thoaipson. Burliui.'- 
tOD, Vt. Higby Tbroop, Willsborouo^h. Dauiel Wballon. 
Essex. Reuben Whallou, Samuel M. Williams. 
Russell I. Williams, Sudbury, Vt. Barnum Wiuaus. 
Ferrisburixli, Vt. Sarell Wood, Jay. Alva Woods, 
Crown I'nint. 

Female r)epai'lineiit. 

Eliza Augier, Nancy Angler. Sally Bishop. Leu-is. 
Lacy Bruce, Keoue. iVeue Call. Eliza Cole. Stilhvater. 
Mai'tina Ann Cole, Mary Cole, Roby Cole. Marietta Claik. 
Julia Clark. Paaielia Clark, Mary Cutting, Mahala Drake. 
Sophionia Dral;e. Mai'y Ann Ferris. Pamelia Fiuuv. Anna 
Finny. Betsey Fisher, CynrhiaFisber. MaryFost..'r,Moriah. 
Jane Agnes Flack, \Villsborougb. Mariah Gibson. Spring 
Arbor, Mich. Mary Gould, Essex. Emily P. Gross. 
Keeseville. Mary A. Hammond.Jane E. Hammond. Phebe 
F. Hall, Jav. Eunice Hatch, Mary Ann Henderson. Mari- 
etta Hickock. Xev.- Haven. Vt. Sybil Agnes Hairar. >Fiddie- 
bu ry . Vt. El v i-ra H ende rsbn . ElmiraHolcomb. IS'an e v M . How - 
ard,'Moriab. Sary M. Howard, Benson, Vt. Betsey Isman. 
Caroline Isman. Essex. /. ugusta M. Kent. Catharine 
Kent. EstherKetchel, Essex. Catharine Low, Lewis. Lsa- 
bella G. Mead, Jane ^L Meaa. Sarah Mead, Sylvia Mer- 
riam, Essex. Mary F. McLeod. Betsey Morse, Louisa 
Morse. HarrierNe«leton,Jav. Mary Ann ParkilL Essex. 
Caroline E. Peck, Keeseville. Esther P. Ranuey, Eliza 
Ann Reynolds. Anna Jane Reynolds. Clarissa Richards, 
Catnaline Rising. Sarah Ann Rust, New York City. 
Samuutha Sawyer. West Haven. Vt. Cbristeeu Sheldeu. 
Ess.^x. CaroliueSpencer. Harriet S}>encer. Eliza Sprajjue. 
New Haven, Vt. Esther Stafford. Essex. Annia Stearnes. 
E!iz;ibethtowu. Jane A. Stoddard. Bui-linirton, Vt. 
Celia Stone, Clintonville Jane E. Stow. Ke.^seville. Al- 
mira Sturtevant, MariahSturtevant. Harriet Tarbell. Mo- 
riah. Jerusha Young. Sarah Young. Ekiorah Whallon, 
Charl'.tte Whallon, E'^sex. Rebecca Wvman, Srhrom. 



Primary School. 

. . r- 
Males, li"). Females, 15. 
Keeapitulatiou. Male Dept., 91. Female Dept., 77. 

Primary School, 40. Total 208. 
Attendiuof 1st Term, com. 1st Moudav in Jan., 124. 

2ud " ' May, 101. 

3rd '• Sept., 111. 

Average per Term, 112. 

Tuitiou per Quarter, for the Common Fn^lis^h 
Studies, §3.00 

For the Languages and Higher Branches, $4.50 

Music with use of Piano, $10.00 

Chemical Lectures, §3.00 

Charles Hatch, President of the Board of Trustees. 
Aaron B. Mack, Secretary. 

The Principal, Orson Kellogg, graduated from the 
University of Vermont in 1823, Laving entered from 
Elizabethtown, N. Y. He remained at the Lead of tLe 
Academy for eigLt years, presiding over the busy Live 
of tLu boarding house, and is remembered as exceed- 
ingly efficient iu every capacity. From Yfestport Le 
seems to Lave gone to Xew York, wLere ho tauglit 
school for a number of years, and died there in 1853. 

Following Mr. Kellogg as Principal was William 
Higby, of Willsboro, \vh(.)se name appears as a student 
in thisyear's catalog. He graduated from the University 
of Vermont in 1840, and practiced law. When gold was 
discovered in California he joined in the rusL to the 
Pacilic ccast, iu 1850. He became District x\ttoruey 
of California, District Judge, went to the State Legi.sla- 
ture, and to ^'ashington as Congressman from 1853 to 
ISG'J. lie died at Santa Kosa, Cal., iu 1Sh7. 


.V6\9 ji/STo/n' OF wKsrroirr 

Anotiier priucipal was a Mr. Dates, sou of the Ecv. 
Joshua Bates, president of Midillebiuy College. As ] 
find that ho liad five sons, this is not very detinite. 

Around the name of Euiily Gross, the '"Female 
teacher," cluster memories of the most engaf^iug ro- 
mance. She was beautiful, talented, highly educated, 
'beloved by all who kucvx- her. She was daughter of 
that Ezra C. Gross to whom William Kay paid such a 
flourishing compliment when he told Governor Tomp- 
kins the n;ime of his fellow editor of the Ucv^^Wc. Her 
mother was a ]\Iiss Fisher of Elizabethtown. After the 
death of father and mother she was adopted by ]Mr. 
and Mrs. Oliver Keese of Keeseville, and she was given 
''a finished education" by the Free Masons. She after- 
ward married a millionaire, or at least a very wealthy 
man, Mr. liansom E. Wood, and one romantic incident 
of her life is that of her daughter's receiving the auto- 
gra|)h of Piiiice Uismarek, after having been receivtd 
at the court of Uerlin. And now tlie beautiful Emily, 
who once smiled upon the half-grown boys and girls 
w ho flocked up and down our Washington street — the 
grandfathers and grandmothers of the present genera- 
tion — lies buried in an English church-yard, at 
Matlock, Cath, in Derbyshire, and there in the little 
church you may see a memorial window which com- 
memorates her virtues. Perchance some of our own 
girls who are now teaching school in Westport may, 
sixty years hence, have a like romantic story of beauty 
and good fortune for some chronicler to write down. 

Anotiier teacher in the Academy was ]Miss Charlotte 



Holly Kitebel, v. sister of the Rev. Harvey Deuisou 
Kitchel, prosidoui of Mkldlobary College from 18GG to 
1873. She marriod the Eev. Dauiel Ladd, a Congrega- 
tional triinistor who went as a missionary to Turke}-, 
and iu that foreign land she spent thirty-one years of 
her life, bearing five children while iu exile. 

Other teachers, according to the memory of some of 
our old people, were Lucy Ann Clark, daughter of David 
Clark, Mrs. Farrar, Miss Ursula Kelley and a Miss 
Whittlese\', said to be a sisier of the Hev. William "W. 
Hiekox. who built the stone cottage on the hill south of 
the Village, now owned by Mr. Sherwood. 

Some of the girls whose names appear in this cata- 
log as pupils afterward taught in the Academy and in 
the district schools in town, as Mar}' Ann Hammond 
and Augusta and Katharine Kent. Sarah Young, daugh- 
ter of Alexander young, had the great good fortune to 
tinish )ier education at tlie Troy Female Seminary 
which Miss Emma Willard made so famous between 
the yeiirs 182i and 1838. To attend this seminary was 
the height of every studious girls ambition at this time, 
in this region. It was a place where girls learned no 
overwhelming amount of science or dead languages, but 
they did learn good manners and fine needlework. 
Beautiful embroidery Sarah Young brought back from 
Miss Willard's school, and much of the delicate work 
of our grandmothers, still preserved in many of the old 
families, was done after the patterns used by Miss 
Willard's pu[)lls. 


390 IlISTOm' OF W'ESTl'Oin' 

Among the boys who became famous was William 
Greeuough Thayer Shedd who received the degree of 
A, M. from the rniversity of Vermont in 1813, tliat of 
I). D. from Audover Tlicological Seminary, and of LL. 
]^. from t!ie Uiiiveri-ity of New York in later years, was 
professor of Sacred Literature, Ecclesiastical History- 
and kindred subjects at Andover, Auburn and ]S^ew 
York, and published a long and heav\- list of books" on 
Philosophy of History, Dogmatic Theology, Doctrim.- 
of Endless Punishment, etc. Jolm L. Merriam, in 
later years, went to Minnesota, was elected to Congress, 
and became Speaker of the House of Pepresentatives. 
His son became Governor of the State. Jonathan Tar- 
bell was Provisional Governor of the City of New Or- 
leans during its occupation by United States troops, in 
the Civil War. Edward Samuel Shumway went from 
Westport to Middlebury College, graduating in IS'JO, 
and spending' the rest of his life as a lawyer in Essex. 

Judge James 13. Mclvean of Saratoga, Member of 
Congress and first Colonel of the 77th Pegimeut, X. Y. 
v., was at one time a student of this academy, as was 
also Captain Samuel C. Dwyer, of the HSth. 

The name of James W. Eddy shows that this famiU 
were now in town, probaltly coming not long before tliis. 
The father of James Walker Eddy and Charles Henry 
Eddy, afterward so well-known as business men in 
Westport, was Justin l^ddy, who came from Pockiug- 
ham, \i., having previously lived at Saxtmi Piver, Yt. 
He was a lineal descendant of that William Eddy, Vi- 
car of St. Dunstau, (.'rauforri, County of Kent, England, 


who was the progt.intor of so many of the Aioerieau 
Eddys. The Hou. Matthew H;i]o of Albany was also 
a descendant of the Vicar of St. Duustan's. C. H. Edd^- 
married ^Marietta Hickolc, but J. W. Eddy remained a 
bachelor, and when he died left his property to his 

,The Lecturer "appointed for the ensuing 3'ear" was 
Dr. Evander W. liaune}', who not tlieii been long 
in town. He was the sou of Dr. Waitstill Ilaudolph 
llLUiuey of Townshend, A't., a man very well-known 
throaghoutYermont in those days, with the versatile New 
England ability for doing many thing, and doing theni 
all well. He practiced as a country doctor, being at 
the same time almost continuously in some public of- 
fice, rising gradually to be State Senator, and then 
Lieutenant Governor. Ele was also a farmer, and a 
successful one, as would appear from a remark made 
near the end of his life: "it was in a great measure 
through the products of the farm that I acquired the 
means of giving four of my sons a collegiate, and three 
others a medical education, at the same time laying up 
something for future necessities." As he had thirteen 
children, he might well liave been proud of making 
professional men of seven sous. Of the three who were 
doctors, two settled for a while in Westpor.t^Dr.Evander 
W. liauuey practicing here from 1835 to 1844, and then 
removing to New York, while his brother Dr. Henry D. 
Kanney succeeded to his practice here, remaining until 
1857. I tliink both of the Doctors Ranney lived on 
Washington street, in the house which has been ocou- 



]Med almost contituiously since by succeedinL:^ doctors, — 
by Dr. Piiclinrdsotj, J)r. Barber and ])r. DeT.ano, au<] 
liow by Dr. Holt. 

Dr. Evaiider wa.s not the first Eaniiey in town, as Lis 
uncle Elenz'ir H. llauney bad been bere at least since 
1824, liviuj^ nortb of the bay, ou the present John Brown 
farm. Eleazer Eauney and his family were faithful 
members of the Congregational church at Wadhanis, 
and the church books show that they went away in 1850. 
The father of Eleazar, an elder Waitstill, lived with 
him, died in 1S39, and was buried at Northwest Bay. 
There was another brother of Dr. Evauder who is 
known in Westport annals as "Elder Eanney," lieiug 
Darwin Harlow Eanney, who graduated from Middle- 
bury College in 1835, and came to Westport the same 
year, preaching in the Baptist church, and being or- 
daiiietl to the Baptist ministry in August. He seems 
to have stayed no more than a year. He married Sybil 
Hale McKinuey, sister of Norris 3IcKinney. 

1 880. 

Town Meeting hehl at Spencer's Hotel. 

John Chandler. Supervisor. 

Diodorus S. Holcomb, Clerk. 

Gideon Jrlaminond and Lfwis Cadj, Justices. 

Eljfnezer r)oLii;lass. Isaac Stone and Cal viu Angier, As- 

Marcus J. Hoisington, Collector. 

Newton Hays, Alaoson Barber, John Greeley, Jr., Road 

IJ. S. Hulcoinb, Aarou B. Mack, Abialhar Pollard. Schcol 

Joseph R. Delano. Miles M 'F. Sawyer. Kuos S. Warner, 
School lur>pcclor^. 


ursmnr of wKsrrour .".ro 

Uezokiab I'arbcr and r>fvi Frisbie. Poor M;istri-s. 

Marcus J. Huisiutrt'tn. Alansim Doutmi, John Srunc, 
S<-vmour Curtis. Coiistabli's. 

Xovvtoii Hays. Scaler of Wei<x!its aiul Measni-es. 

I'atlunasters. - Ilorace Ormsby. John Stouc. CbarU's 
I'isher. l^evi Frisbie. "Amos Culver. >Files M"F. Sawver. 
William Vial!. Isaac D. Lyou. E. U. Rauney, Elijah An.i^icr. 
(JeorLje W. Sturtevant. Jason Braman, Jason Duiistor. 
Justin Prouty. Bouianiin Cakhvell. JohnLobdell, Johnson 
IliU. I'berou Slaughter. Gideon Hammond. Joseph Stacy, 
J I-.. Horace Holconib, Soh-mon Slorkwell, Wilson K. Low, 
Mises Felt. Joscjih Farnaai. Gcortre Skinner, XatUanii'! 
Allen. George Vau>_d)an. Jonathan Cady. Eniorv Mather. 

Adjourned to the Inn of H. J. Person. 

Hpeucer's Hotel stood whore the Glenwood liin nou' 
•itatuls, on the Iiill, at the junction of North and Pleas- 
.-iiit .streets. Alexander Spencer had been here since 
IS-^r*. There was a Dr. Spencer in this family, (which 
is not that of Victor Spencer,) who was a student in 
the office of ])r. Wri^dit. 

It was about 18:57 tliat tlio Congregational church at 
W'adhams was erected, on the to}i of the hill jnst west 
'>f the river. In those days it seems to have been al- 
most a rule that the churches should 1)e built on the 
highest hill-tup available, llerl!apr^ with an idea of let- 
ting their light so shine. The same thing may l>e ol'- 
f-erved of many of the school houses. Later, this church, 
like the Baptist church at the J3ay, was move(Ho lower 
ground.Ats.uiie timeuotfarfrouilS7o,on€ winter when the 
rixer was frozen, the church menil)ers canie together 
with horses and oxen and chains and screws, and all 
things needful, and moved the church down the bank, 
upon the ice. and across to the opposite side, where it 
.••oiv .slai.nls. 'J'iiis was lln- o'llv church rMliJicc in Wad- 


3ii4 IIISTURY or WKSTl'Uirr 

liaiijs until the MethcHlist. l-^piscopal cliuifh built in 


This ye;u' ]jiljcity street was tii^t oponeJ, its exist- 
ence up to this time luiviuj^ been only witnessed bv th-- 
fast yellowing paper of the Ananias map. There wa-s 
also another street, which 1il-.s never yet received a nani',-, 
thus (leserilioil in thesnr',e\ bill : ''Also uue other road, 
beginiiin;^ on the south side of Washiii^tciu stre.ji, 
tliirty-sevea and oue-half linlcs from tlio west end of tlu' 
Essex Coui>ty Aoadeniv in said viUago of Westport, 
running froiu thence soutli fifteen de;^rees, east ninc 
chains and rjix links, u;dil it intersects said Liberty 
street in s;iid village. Said r(jad to be three rods wid- 
at loast."^ ])ated WestjxM't, May -iO, l8o(^ and si-ne.i 
by Diadorus S. HoIcon\b, Surveyor, and by the roa.l 
commissioners oi the year. 

The necessary pernilssiou from the owners of tli.- 
land through w]iiel\ the new strt^et was opened is thu- 
i^ivt-n : 'd am wiilinL; that the above-iritMitioned roa^l 
«>hould lie i>]jenetl a^reeai>le to the abovt^-mentioned sur- 
vey bill, with such alterations to l)e made as I hav^^ 
suggesteil to Mr. Sawyer. ]t is understood that my 
father aiul my>,Ldf are not to be at any expensi^ in fenc- 
ing any i).irt of said roads." Signed Piatt IJ. Halstead, 
May al, iS^JIv Then further : "1 hereby agree to build 
the feneu on the side of the road adjoining the land now 
occupird by .Tohu Halstead, or that which ho has not- 
released his i^Iaim to, mentiont.>d ov descii!)'.'d in th-- 
witliin surv-v bill."" Sigurd Mih/s MT. Sawver, who 


iiisronr of ]vi:sTr<>in' hou 

ii!avi*iecl the daughter <tf .)oliii llalstt\-id, uml -iPfiiis to 
\\n\e been canvi)iL' on Ijix. land. 

TtAvn Meetin-i; at the \uu of H. J. IVrsdus. .^ ,. , 

lieuaJLih P. Doujrlass. Supervisor. " ' ' 

Diodorus S. liuleoaib, Cloi-k. 

Cbarles Hatch. Cdlviu .-\ogie!- Joseph [Lirdy. Assessors. 

Seymour Curtis, ColU'ctor. 

William L. Wad burns. Justice. 

Isaac Aldeu. Grauvillo Stoat.', Ihv.ekiuh Barber, K )ad 

Miles .M'F. Sa^vyer. .Albert P. Cole. Jasou Dutister. 
Sihool Commissioucrs. 

Diodorus S. Holcomb. Orsoa Kelloir';, Asahel Lyou. 
Sehool luspeetors. 

iTorace Holcomb and Coorge D. Reynolds. I'oor Masters. 

Seymour Cui-tis. Johu A. ilill, Erastus Lo\eland. ..Man- 
son Denton. Constables. 

Eiios S. Waruer. Sealer of Wei<^hts aud measures. 

Patbmasters.—Alvia Burt, Otis Sheldon, Charles Fish- 
^'i-. l^cvi Frisljie. Lorriu Cole, Aaron B. Maek, Williani 
\'ia!l. Isaac- I^. Lyon. Noel Merrill, lleary Hoyce. John 
Strvfos. WiUiaui \j. Wadhams, John Lock. Joel Finney. 
John S. Stanton. Jarcd GoodalL Harvey Smith. Albert 
Strai^^'hatD. John Chandh'r. HL-nry Stone. Frederick' T. 
Houard. Charles Doty. Lee Prouty"! Dariu.> Merriam. Jn^,- 
t j.lj J-'arnatn. Sti-phea Sherman. Williaoi Olds. f]rastus 
Lovolaud. Jonathan Cady. ?21isli«i Royue. 

Survey of a ntad iu the Iron Ore Tract "from a Keecli 
tree o!t the east lim; of Lot No. 47 to beech sa[)liug in 
ihf south liue (d' \o. 7." This is a line example of the, 
1 indmarL's nfteu iinlieateil by the earlv snrvevm's. 
Surely a beeeh s.iplini^ not very satisfaetory as an 
i'liibnuii^ monuiuiMit. The writer remembers a ih^ed iu 
-sihieli a re)tai)i iMUiudavy vas made to de]»e.'jd upon 



iiisTuL'Y (,].' \vi:sri'()}rr 

' thefeDCc'-an.uua thcHve-acro lot that was .souo,.l to 
coru last year." As tho lot liad been abaudoued to the 
loresL years boforo and was overgnnvn witli a tii.. 
youiig <.rove of pine aud Jiemlook at tlic time at which 
It was desired to transfer the land, it was necessary to 
supplement the docunieutary evidence witli that of" the 
luemory of the Oldest Jnliabitaut. 

Tlds is the year that Victoria was proclaimed Queen 
oi Lnglaud, and that in which Martin Van Buren was 
iiuiu-urated J>reside.,t. At Shelburne Harbor was buiU 
the-Lurlington, the largest and fastest steamer yet seen 
on the lake, one hundred and ninetv feet long/twentv- 
tiye feet wide and nine feet deep, with a speed of fifteen 
miles an hour. Her captain w..s llicha.-d W. Sherman 
tlio famous "Captain Dick," of whotn President Van 
iJuren, often his passenger, said, "He imagines that ail 
the world is the deck of a ship, and he the captain" 
It was upon.the n.rli,,,tuu that Cliarles Dickens j^assed 
through Lake Champhun on his American tour tive 
years aft..r iids. The o!d }>lu:uic was just condemned 
and for hfteen years the people in Westport saw the 
L"rlinjfo>, steaming back and forth upon tbe lake Not 
yet were regular landings made in the bav. passen<^ers 
^->ing on board in a small boat, although the steanuns 
stopped at the wharf at lUrber's Point, and on that 
uccount It was common for those who wished to take 
the boat to go to the Point for the purpose. 

This year the Episcopal church was lin- 
isiied and dedicated, tho uiovement for its (uection hav- 
ing l.eguu tl.r.e y.ars before. Thr.buihlingeomudtte. 


jiisro/n' or \vi:srr()irr .v.-^- 

v>as. Dr. ])i;iaoru>; Hi)lcoinl», Churl. -s J',. Ilitcli iind Levi 
V'risbie, v..\m\ subsci-iptions wei'e U^ be paid "one-foiirtli 
ill casli and three fourths in griod merchantable neat- 
cattle, grain or ir(»n." The house was about forty b\- 
sixty feet iu outsi^le ineasiireni?iit, and builr of .st(nu> 
bnnight from Luttou Day i.■^land, four ndles ;!,\\ ay across 
Vn.- lake. At thi>, time the ]b-v. Peter C. Oakley was 
presiiling eld'';r, and Lewis J'otter and H. Sb:uai-t act- 
ed as circuit preachers. Two years afterward ^Vestport 
was made a station, with John \V. Belknap]) as station- 
ed preacher, and soon after a j)arsonage was built, just 
north of the church. 

In the Baptist church very important action was 
taken in the a(lo|>tion of what they called "the temper- 
•ance resolution." It ran as foHows: 

"Bescdved that we resolve ourselves into a temper- 
ance Church, so that any mcndnn' of the church who 
>hall use or trailic iu, or promote the use oi or traillc in 
ardent spirits or wines as a beverage, shall be liable to 
ial)onr b}- any member of the church who shall be ac- 
quainted with tlie fact, and to CAclusion in case of )-e- 
fusal to reform." It is evident that this resohitiiui was 
iK^t v>''issed without some ditliculty, as it had been uiuler 
discussion since April, and it was at least six years 
since the national temperance movement mavbe said to 
liave begun. There is uo doui)t that drinking habits 
wei'e exccedin^-ly prevalent in \Vi-stj)ort as well as in all 
other places, as we know too well from accounts with 
which we are all fauiiliar. It is startling to read the 
(lid ciiurch lci.-oi-(,!>, and Uol- thr \a\■•'^' iMoooilion of, 

mts iiisToL'Y or wrsrroirr 

oases ul' (li uiiKt'iaioss which eauie undrr the rcin'oba- 
tioii of the chtu-rh, showiui^ that citiisciontioas peojil-^ 
were lal)r)iiii^ faithfully ac^^ainst ovorwhehning OvM<. 
Tlieio is a hoicibh.' ston' toKl of some on.' of the ohhT 
ottoLul.'rs (hut tiot a (■hnich ineinb.M-,' sittinf,' at tli-- 
tahle one niglit lh■illkil);^^ iieai- the eiul of a i)fol(Jii^e.l 
pei-ioil of iiulii!i;(;i}ce, leachiui^ U)V his botllo with his 
ai'in clos. : io thr! tiaiue of the; caDuie, aiul seeiuij; a !)lu'> 
fiarue run up his arm as thoe.^^h the bhi/.e liail touehel 
the surface of alcohol. It is added that the horror of 
the siorht led to the druuk/ud's refonnatiou and wheth- 
er it l>e lifei-dly true, or invented l>y some one who h i;t 
just read Dickens' "-Bleak House,"' in which the case of 
s[K)utaneons eombastion is so subtly anil powerfulK 
niana<;;ed. the story goes to show somethin^^ of the con- 
ditions needing reformation. When the l^ijitist church 
adopted the temperance resolution, the pastor was the 
Kev. Cyrus -W. Hodgos, the church clerk Joel A.' CaU 
hoon, and the doacoiis Gid.-on ILimmond and George 
Jk llevuolds. 

Town Meeting In-hl at H. .1. Persou.s. 

Jiibu ChaiuUor, Supervisor. 

D. S. llolcoaib. Clerk. 

Diodorus iIolcoii»b. Justice. 

Iku-Dabas Myrii-k. Alausuu rMU-l>er. Jose[>h R rKdaiio, rs. 

S«'yinour Curtis. CnlK-ctor. 

(iraiiville Stoii»<. tlc/.i'Kiah Ikirber. Jason Brainan. floai.l 

Ira ![f!Hl.-i-s..n. .A-ah.'l f.vou. Wtlliaiu Frlsbie. Sa-Ii->.'1 

//isrn/n' or ]y/:sTrr/j:T son 

iJavki M. Sayrr. T. li D.^lun... Mil-.s MF. Sawv,-!-. Srh(M,l 
1 uspectors. 

Calvia An.i/ier and Jaruos W. ('u;t. Poor .Mar^tor>, 

Soyiiiour Curtis, Krastus r.i~;V('l;!iid. Alans(;i) DcntDii. 

S.-u-ail Cutlia,":. S^'aK-r uf WriL^bts a'ld .Moasaii's. 

ruthmasters, — Itdph ]li,i,'ai av. M 1L. TWd. flarry Culc 
N'wron Flays. H. J. Persons;. William \'ial!. .Idaatiiari 
M iieoinb. Asahtd LyoQ. Lutlicr .\u\:wv. Cn^nv^,.^ W.SturLc- 
vaiit. Kii Wood. David M. Sayn-. Au<^iistus Hdl. Orrin 
^ .lo^ltua Slaun;i;tf'r. Joliason IlilL Leonard Xw-vy. 
Joliii Cbciudler. Alou/.o S!auj.dittM-. Jaiuos McCoid(>\. Kzo- 
kirl }'au^d>urti. Prouty. Mose.s tVU. Jdscpli Farnaiii. 
S:.'[)b('ii Shertiiaii. Williutu Olds. Leonard Ware. .Toiiathai. 
("ady. JoiiQ Stone, iinrl .Mr. Ivui:/iits, 

111 t-lie dreary obscurity of the dc-scrlptious of the road 
~urveys we catch siud; woiils au(] {dirases a.s •'the Jviui;- 
(hun," '"the l>ridii;e oti the 'J\)\vu I.iitie e;ist of Lidjdnll 
and Mvrick'.s forge," "Storrs and Hatch's iov^v," with 
*-Mme locality uijerriuL,dy determined by '"the small 
l.r-.ok southeasterly td' Paddock :\rcGuyei's h<uise."' 
The surveyor wa< Piatt P. IJaUiead. Th-- .Justices 
were Diodorus Kulc(;nib, Williaiij L. V,'adli;Mii.-> antl Ira 
jj-'i'.dersou. 'J lie Ma nil;er of Asseujbly- fvoiu uur ilis- 
friet \\ as (xideoi) Hiunmond. 

]SM8 was the year of the "Pafiueaii War" in C'a.ii;)da. 
.It was no great coutiict, but uur tnwii lay near enough 
ti> the froutier to share a little (•! the exicitenit-nt, and 
renewed attentiou was paid to ndlitary uiatters. The 
militia trainings had fallt-n somewhat i!ito negU-ct, Imt 
now behold our martial youth on.-e moie arrayed for 
eoii(|utjst, and fornied into .in artillery i'om]»any, of 
which Asahel Lyon was the captain, while llaiiy .T. 
J'")>o!i was (•o](;m,^| (;f th.- ifgiim-ut. Tin- 'j,tMj.'ra] iiin.— 


nisToRY OF \vi:sTj'<)irr 

tei- xvas at l.uko Croor-e ni this time. The Westpuit 
coinpanv eunsisteJ of thirty uv forty luou, but the oiily 
n.-Uii..s .^iven me are those of EamimJ J. Smith, Jam,A 
A. Allen ami Etlwiu iVison, sou of the colonel. Th.^v 
were never called forth to f.^ht. and so never becam".- 
fuuious, but thoy ,>une.l a real cannon, ].robabiv the 
hrst one seen in town .inc.. Gov. Tou)|.kin.s order..] 
cannon s.-nt in to iho arsenal at Pleasant Yjllev bv way 
of Northwest ]iay. This piece of ordnance ligui^d at 
celebrations for many year.^ afterward, and at last burst 
lu an excess of enthusiasm on some Fourth (.f Jul v. 

^Before the Canadian troubles were settled, Gen. 
Wmtield Scott was .stmt into Canada by our government 
t" iiitiuire into matters a litth>. He went north in the 
winter, by the line .)f stages which Peter Comstock had 
t^•u•|y established between Xew York and Montreal, and 
passed through Westport, stopping at H. J. J'erson"s 
hotel. This, of course, was a great event, and it is t.. 
1'*^ linpcd th;it there was not a boy in the village who 
iiad not sulHcient spirit to try to get a look arthe fa- 
mous general. Among the many stoiies of thi.s period 
in regard tr> the .sympathy felt with the rebellious col- 
onists among a people who had within twentv-tive rears 
fought England thenr.ehe.s, is one which \[rs. 
A\illiam (1. Hunter told me, (fifty years afterward,) of 
the .hiver bringing his sleigh around to the door for 
the General to resume his journey to Canada, and ob- 
s.>rving that it seemed unnaturally heavy. On examin- 
ation it was found that muskets had been packed iu the 
b-ttom of the .I.-i^ii and covered with the butlalo roLe> 

niSTuUY OF WK.srrORT 401 

by souie Cauadiau sympathizer, ^\•VJO intended thus to 
send them across the Hue to tuo insurgents. Mrs. Hun- 
ter added that there was no reason for believing the 
story, wliich was probably invented long after Gen. 
Scott had disap[)eared upon the snowy horizon, but 
that it showed tlie kind of tictiou which was then. 
popular among the groups of men who lounged 
around the stove in tlie liar-room or the store. 

This was the year in which tlie Hunters tirst came 
from Boston, bought laud on North Shore and built the 
house at Hunter's Bay which was burned in 1875. ^Yil- 
liam Guy Hunter was born in 1798, and was therefore a 
man of forty wlien he came to Westport. He had been 
a sergeant in the war of 1812, and had afterward spent 
three years at the West Point Military Academy. His 
father William Hunter, had fought in the Revolution, 
sharing in the retreat from Quebec in the summer of 
1776, and thus being the first of the famil}- to see our 
North Shore, as he passed it in the Continental army. 
His father, David, was the son of Jonathan Hunter, who 
came from England to xVmerica in the earlier years of 
the eighteenth century, and married Hopestill Hamlin, 
of llochester, Mass. 

Doubtless the first attraction to the ])lace for Mr. 
Hunter was the residence here of his elder sister, Mrs. 
Sewall Cutting, who had come with her family in 1823. 
Another sister, Mrs. Aiken, came soon afterward. Mr. 
Hunter soim became one with the country people, took 
an active part in public atVairs, and was, after a few 
ytjars, elected su[)ervisi.>r of the tu.Mi. Many sLoiicr^ <'l 


Ijis words ami ways are still told, aucl sncli vrn.s liis 

fame as a conversationalist that a myth-uialciug process 

has now begun, attributing any witty or shrewd remark 

which is recognized as especially applicable to West- 

})ort or to Westport people, to i\Ir. Hunter. In this 

way some apocryphid tales are told, but one saying of 

liis we can vouch for as authentic, made in reference to 

isorae man his opinion of whom had been asked. ""Well," 

ir said Mr. Hunter, "in the sight of man he passes for a 

Si ])retty straight, upright kind of a fellow; in the sight of 

(i God I am 'afraid he wiggles a little." This has tiie true 

Hunteresquellavor — som.ething which no one else would 

ever have thought of saying. 

Mr. Hunter's wife was Elizabeth AVilson, who was 
onU' twenty-three when they came to "Westi-iort. Her 
sister Sarah, six years younger, soon visited her, and 
was accustomed to ride about tlie country on horse- 
back. She often told of lier first meeting with Louis 
Agassiz, the great naturalist, in the solitary road which 
])ierces the forest of North Shore, and of his astonish- 
ment at meeting there a young girl on horseback, en- 
tirelv unattended. He was then not long from Switz- 
erland, and had come from Cambridge to visit Mr. 
Hunter. ^Nliss Sarah Wilson afterward married Col. 
Francis L. Lee, of Boston, whose father was a wealth}' 
East Lulia merchant, and it was in 1848 that they built 
their sumuier home on a hill north of the Eay, over- 
looking a glorious view of the lake and mountains, and 
•.called it Stony Sidt^. 

It was in 18U8 that David Turner, then in the news- 


paper office at Kecsoville, tells of a visit to Elkanali 
Watson at Port Kent. 

"It was here the writer of this narrative ImJ the 
lioiior'to visit this venerable man at his fine stone man- 
si'>u, and listen to his description of events from the 
Revolationarv war up to that time ; his journey to 
France and London, and the story of Copley ])ainting 
liis portrait, which then hnug on the wall before me. 
It was here I met the then President of the United- 
States, Martiu Van Bureu, John, his son, Henry Cla}-, 
(Jovernor Silas Wright, and other prominent men of 
tliat day, who had called to pay their respects to the 
distinguished agriculturist and philanthropist. He had 
then reached his eightieth year." 

This gives an interesting glimpse of the people who 
might be met on the passenger steamers and packet 
bo;its of the lake and the canal, in the leisurely jour- 
ney from the waters of the Hadson. Many stories ar^' 
told of the pleasure of these journeys, and their social 
possibilities, which were akin to the opportunities of- 
fered by a voyage at sea. Martin Van Bureu, — the 
little Magician, the Fox of Kinderhook, — often made 
the trip from his mansion at Kinderhook, on the Hud- 
son, to Lake Champlaiu, and was often the travelling 
companion of the Hunters. He was then a widower fifty, a man of wealth, a successful lawyer and pol- 
itician, who looked on the world from the President's 
chair. It is said that Miss Sarah Wilson might have 
l)fcome Mrs. Martin Van Bui en if she iiad not preferred 
rnrecouu' ^Irs. Francis L. Lot.-. 

4114 insTORY OF WEsrroirr 

It was tliis year that navigation on tiic lake was fa- 
cilitated by tlje erection of tbo first liglit-lionses, at 
Cumberland Head and Split Eock. 

It« seems to have been at this period that the first in- 
vestment of Boston capH;il in Essex connty iron mines 
was made, as this year the Cheever ore bed, then al- 
most entirely undeveloped, was sold to Mr. Horace 
Grey of IJoston. From this time niitil after the war 
.the property was in the hands of, as Watson says, "an 
incorporated organization composed of gentlemen of 
afliueuce residinu in Massachusetts." 


Town Meethig held at the Inn of H. J. Person. 
.Bonajah P. Doui^lass, Supervisor. 

Franklin H. Cutting. Clerk. 

John ft. IjOw. Justice of the Peace. 

Plait ii. llalstcad, John Chaudlei-. Joseph Hardy, Asses- 

Seymour Curtis, Collector. 

Alansou Barber, H. J. Person, Jasou Brainan, Road 

Ira Henderson, Aaron B. Mack, ^Villiam L. Wadbams, 
School Commissioners. 

D. S. Holeomb, Evand.r W. Rauney, T). H. Sayre. Scbool 

James W. Coll and CaKio Ati>2rier, Poor Masters. 

Seymour Curtis, J. F. Brush, Henry Stone, E. H. Coll, 
Sewall Cutting,'. Constables. 

James' Walker Eddy, Scaler of Wei^^dits and Measures. 

Pathmasters. — AppoUos Williams. Ji-.. Otis Sheldon. 

Samuel Ri'ot. Tillinirhast Cole, Cyrus Richaids. llai'vey 

Pierce. bJaruabasMyrickDiodorus Holeomb. PMeu/.er H. Ran- 

ney, James Marshall. (ieoi'^'eW.Slurtevant, Eli Wood, Jason 

- DuDster. Joel K. Freneh. (.'eori^ro Skinnci-. Nathan Slauirb- 

^TTt, Ephraim Bull, Jr.. E. B. Nichols, John Chandler, 


Willfam Stacy, William IVrkius, Solomoa Stoekwell, John 
Lewis. Jr.. Muses F.ilt. Joseph i'arnam, Josliua .Shiui,'h- 
tof, H. P. Do'Jirlass, Ei-astus Lovelaud, Joiiatluin Cady, 
John .Stone. Jainr-s Bartlett. 

In December of this year Charles B. Hatch was ap- 
pointed Tou-o Clerk in place of F. H. Cuttini'-, who had re- 

lu tlie summer of 1S39 the Baptist church was moved 
froTii the top of the hill on Washington street to the lot 
upon Main street upon which stands the present edi- 
fice. This lot had been owned by the church since 
ISoti, and it is evident that there had been from tiiat 
time au intention to move the building ui)0ii it, since 
the house had never been finished where it first stood. 
After it rested upon its new foundations, close upon the 
street, new floors wore put in, with siity-four pews, 
which According to the custom then prevailing, were 
rented for a fixed sum each. The building was painted 
white, with green blinds, and as it was a large square 
house, with a lai-ge srpiare belf)y at one end of the voo{, 
it was gazed upon with intense satisfaction b}^ every- 
one who h;id bad a hand in its construction, as a per- 
fect example of the most recent and approved ideas of 
ecclesiastical architecture. The pulpit stood on a high 
platform at the western end, and the choir sang in au 
alcove op}H)site. Xo doulit at first the cus- 
tom of the audience facing about with faces to the choir 
and backs to the minister while the hymn was being 
.sung, may have been followed, but w;is given up in the 
next generation. There was a large basement for prayer 
meetings and Sunday school, and the new church was 
af"mwe the center of a busy social life. Two hundred 

Kni iiisToh'Y OF wKSTroirr 

aiul twfuty-scvpu members \\ere rcporteil tLis yedr to 
the A>soci;iti()U, u iiiunber which has never since been 
rxoeedfih The pastor at this time was the ]le^■. C3"nis 
"\V. Hoil<^'es, tlie church clerk William J. Cutting, and 
the trustees elected since 1830 were Caleb P. Cole, 
Norris McKinue}', Calvin ami Elijah Augier, Evamler 
AV. Ilannoy, "William J. Cutting, Alexander Young and 
Aaron H. Mark. That the M. E. church was also in a 
jirosperous condition is slxnvu by the fact that this vear 
the first statiuued jtreacher was assigned to tliu })lact', 
the Ivev. John \V. Belknapp. Measures were taken for 
building a ]iarsonage, which were consummated some- 
what latei-. 

Just coming into use was a now invention, that of 
maile euvelo)>es into which haters were put before they 
wei'e sent. Up to this time a ]iart of the education of 
every child in an e iucat^^d family was the intricate 
folding (if a written h-tttr so that a blank .-^pace should 
be presented tm th.e outside upon ^^hich to write the 
addi-ess. Postage was still so high that letters were a 
luxury, unless an absolute necessity, and with the new- 
fashioned envehipes, sealing w.ix was used fo)" closing 
them. Steel jicns had been invented about ten years 
before this, but were by no means it) common use. 

This vear Cyrenus IXoekwell I*avne came to Wad- 
ham's ]^Iills from l>rord<field where his father, Joseph 
Payne, had settled in 1807. He opened a shoe sho}> 
aijd afterward built the brick house which is still owned 
in the family. His first wife was Eliza French, daugh- 
%**»of Joel French, and their children were : On-in, who 

jiLsroRY or WL'srruirr -ioj 

ilieJ lit the age of sixteen. Delia, uianieJ Jiuld Sayre, 
now of lowjt. Joel Osborne, '/lio livod in WliGclint^, 
West Virginia, and amassed a large fortune, dyin;j; iu 
1890. Seward Quiney, now living iu South Dakota. 
Daniel Saflord French J^ayne has always lived at Wad- 
Ijaiu's Mills, ca)'rying on the nulls and forge for many 
years, and tloiug a large business iu iron and lumber. 
The ;eeond wife of Cyrenus 11. Payne was Mrs. Lueinda 
(Boutwelli Stone, and their children were twin daugh- 
ters, Lueinda and Cornelia, 

1 8-10. 

Town Meetiuj^f at 11. J. Person. 

Barnabas Mvrick. Super\isor. 

.Tames \V. Eddy, Clerk. 

Ira Henderson. Justice. 

Joseph R. Delano. Aaron B. >Taek, Levi Frisbie. Asses- 

Guy Stevens, Collector. 

Samuel Storrs. Otis Sheldon. William Viall. Fioad Com- 

Asabel Havens. David H. Sayre, Albert P. Cole. School 

A. M. Olds. Joel K. French, D. S. Holcomb. Sehool Tti- 

James \V. Coll and Stephen Sayre. Poor Masters. 

Guy Stevens. Jared Goodell. Seymour Curtis. L. W. 
Pollard, Constables. 

Charles ihiti-h, Sealer of \Veij.,dits and Measures. 

Pathmastei-s.— Jo.seph Pi^^ulow. E. H. Coll. James W. 
Coll, John Ferris. David Poixers, Charles Hatch, Barnabas 
Myriek. Asa Lovt-laud. Smith Mooi-e. Htmry Royce, Georg(> 
\\. Sliirtevaiit. Horace Holeornb. Benjamin PTardy. Joel B. 
.Bhiuiiey. Jason Bruman, Charles Cady, Johjisou Hill, 
fjeonard Averv, Luther B. Ihimmond, Charles Stacy. Alvin 
it. Sulomon Sti^ekwt.^11. Lee Pioiitv. Aliram Sherman, 

-lOS HISTORY (>F Wi'.STl'onT 

Cah in C. Aii;^Mor. Vrilliain P W-.^st. W. P. Dvui^^'lii^s.Geori'O 
Vaii.ijLian. John Lewis. Jr., Jcilm Stone. James Bartlett. 

This your I'lat! P. MalsU'ud .->urvt>yt'(l '"u piavate road 
for William (iiiy fluiitLT," from (.-(irnor lot No. 1, Taylor 
and Keml)le, '"to tlic cleared fields."" 

Another road bi-^rau "•on the lake road south of the Ore 
Ped House, ruiuiiu^' fifty links easterly of the north point 
of a led;;e of rot-ks there, due north tii Joseph Orrnsbee's 
houth line,"' to "an east and west road." Abraham Stone. 
Surveyor. There was an alteration of a road "leading' 
from the Con;:rc,fiationa! mcotin;.r . house at Wadham's 
Mills to the road leading from North West Bay to Pleasant 
Valley.'" Joel K. French, Surveyor. 

The name of Abram Sherman among the pathmas- 
ters leealls tiie fact that this family had not been long 
iu ^\"'cstp(•»•t. Humphrey Sherman, father of Abram, 
was boi-n in ^^'llite Creek, Washington county, in 17S0, 
and probably came into Essex county early in the nine- 
teenth century. His brother Nathan, progenitor of the 
jNIoriah Shermans so closely connected with the history 
of the ]Mt>riah iron mines, was elected the first town 
clerk of ]Mi>ri:ih in ISOS.anJ it is likely that Humphrey 
Sherman came into Brookfield at nearly the same time. 
He married Anno Keynolds, born in Dutchess county, 
a sister of Abraham l\eyuolds, "the patriarch of Brook- 
field." Their children were : 

1. Morris, married Louise Dunster; children, Ellery 
and Carroll. 

2. Humjihrey, m;irried .^b•u■y Hardy; chihlren, Har- 
vey and Hardy, \\'alter. 

;{. Abram, married Kli/.a Smitli ; children, Abram, 
Cleorge, Frank, Alfred, Eliza, Emma. 

4. Charlotte married a P(jnjerov. 
'^oT Christiann married "Morrill Gil.>bs. 

Jiisroin- OF \v/:sr/>/)!:T 

' ' 40f) 

('}. Titus GL'uvL^'e, lUiii-rioil l\vrtlieiii;i, d;int;htor of 
'JMlOluas ShfKloii eif Essex. lie \\;is comiiiissiuli'Ml ]•'!!- 
>i^LiU ill 1^40, Lit'uteiiaiit in lS^i>, and C'ai)taiu in iSl'j, 
oi tho 37th vPL^inient, X. Y. 8. :\r.. Col. .JoUv.. L. Mei-- 
riam; ,iOth Ijvipjade, Gon. William S. !\[t'iiiani. A son 
"f ('a])tain Titus Slierniaii, Hiniry l)l)n\^•, nianii.^d Sally 
]\[aria Wliitiioy. dan'j;1itf-r oF Liicin.s "Whitm^v of Esse.x. 
Tlieiv daup,litrr Cora, bdiii in Essex. Aug. J 5, 1809, 
inari-ipd at Essex, XdV. lo, L^^TO, Ilonvy Kavnion Noble, 
I'drn ISGl^ sou of ILarnton X(>!)leof Essex. Tlieii- eliil- 
dren, all bofu in Essex, are ; E John Harmon, born 
Sept. G, LSSS. 2. Eaura Anne, born Oelober 2"), 188'.). 
:;. KatLerine Eutli. Imuu O.t. 2. 1802. ^^Lr. Henry 
llarnion Xolile li;is bi-en emj-loyed in tin- otlife of tie- 
State Historian at Albany since Sept. 4, 189.". ; Chief 
Clerk since ^Jard; 1, 1900. .Vnotherson of Capt. Titus 
Sherman is A.delbert, married Susiiu Coll. 

There were other Siiermaiis in \\'e.stport, living' in tlu^ 
south part of the town, nnudi earlier than this family 
of Humphry Shermari, Imt 1 have not bet'U so fortumUe 
as to tind any (uie who ct.uld name untt) me their gen- 
erations. In 181.") our Stacy brook is callfd in the t(<wn 
records "the Sherman Inook," dcud.ith'ss after a man 
who lived m-ar it, and afterward wi' find Elijah, Hollis 
.and Ste|)ln'n Sherman named. 

Tliis year Arclub aid PattistMi earn.- froai ^^^lshi^gt )n 
t'oimty and st.'tth'l on the lake ro id. on Et^sshoro, re- 
moving in later life to the villag.?. Hi>. wif.' was 3E.'- 
Jiitabl^ Pratt, and thev had four sons. 

Israel niarrietl Eleanor Coll, d iiijrhtf)- ^>i Jame-> \\ . 

410 [iisTi)i:y OF WKsrrnirr 

Coll. Ger)rL;e married C.itlu'fiiio, daui^Utei- of AtkIlow 
Frisbie. Charles married June, daughter of Col. Sam- 
uel Root. AVarreu married Hattie, dauf^hter of Fred- 
erick Kitmey. Sarah, an adopted dauL^diter, married 
Hosea Howard. 

T!ie "hard cider" camj-)aiga of Harris' /u this fall was 
characterized by so many excesses that a strong reac- 
tion set in in favor of the ti'mperauce reform movement, 
which from this time forward gained steadily in stren;j;th. 

In a history of navigation o)i the lake published in 
the A'ernKDtit Historical 3iagazine, the term of service 
of Phiueas Darfeu as steaml>oat pilot is given as from 
18-25 to 1810, therefore he probably retired to his home 
in Westport this year. He was one of the best pilots 
on the lake, serving with Captains Sherman and Lith- 
ro'p, and it was said that no eye was so keeu'as hi.-^ in 
darkness oi- fog. A st'jry is told of one fo;.;gy niglit 
wiien the regidar i)ilot became l>ewildered, and con- 
fessed that he did n'>tkuow which way to steer. Captain 
Lathrop knew that Pliin Dnrfce was (ju VK')ard, asleep 
in his berth, and had him called. Durfee instantly ttjok 
the wheel, turned the steanjer half w.-iy around and 
rniig the btdl t(j go ahead with the most perfect confi- 
dence, saying that they were only a little way out of 
tiie channel near Isle la Motte, wlii(-h jn-oved to l>e the 
ca-;e. He died in the house oi Jatues A. Allen, and his 
•watchers still remember that after his death his eyes 
refused to chjse in spite of all tln.-ir etlorts, seeming to 
the last still tix>'d in an etlort in ])ierce that darkness 
'■■*t?iiieh covers th«'. waves of cttniiitv. 

jiisroKY OF ]\'/:srrnjrr f/i 

SylvostiT "ii'DUiiL^ first came in ISiU. iiis ;tucrstiy i-; 
im)st iitmsunl ;iiul iiifevf-stiii^. Nine niitcli bcdtliris 
(.•.tine from Holljiml to tlic HmUou river liefore the J{e\- 
olutiou. AVht'M anmist;ik:iVile s^i^iiis of the tiiufs imli- 
c.-ited the near a[)proach of that coTitlict, th^y. havin;^ 
no (.Icekh'il syiin>athies with either siih' nf the (jUarroh 
louioveil into Ca.uada, ami setthnl at Novati, province 
of (^iiehec, on Mij^sissqiioi I* ly. The fatlier oF Sylves- 
ter was Jacol). After Sylvester Young came into town 
he engaged in clearing wood from tlie land of "William 
(Jny Hunter on North Shore. Iii ISJ:^ he married 
Kli/,a Angier, eldest daughter of Calvin aiul returned 
ti. Noyau, P. Q.. remaining there a year, jiving in Essex 
six, and returning to Westport in 18]'.'. Sylvester 
'^'oung w as long a prominent nieinber of tiie (^)ngrega- 
tional ehnrch at Wadham.s. Hi>> daughter M.-iry mai- 
ried Heniy Eastman, and tiieir childien aie ]jizxie,now 
^Irs. .\.<hanis, Sylvester, ]Mary ami George. ^lis^; 'Sliiv- 
tha Young has been of the greatest assi.stuuee in giving 
infovmatioij about the families of Young ami Angier. 

Another family coming iu fiou) Canada, though some- 
what previous to this year, was that of Warren Clilihs. 
His wife was Abigail C. Morrill. They settled in tlie 
north-eastern part of the town, in the neighborhood 
known as "Angier Hill," on the ^'ine place, in the house 
which burned in 11>00. In the census taken this 
year, /1810.) the family of Warren Gibb.s. oonsi>tijig of 
Idniself, his wife, huirteen children, ami , an aged parent. 
bore the distinction of being the largest in thf^ county. 
He ;jijtrThs sons wej'c s'siilod n:a-(»n^, iDiA niuidi of tin- 

-/2i> HISTORY OF \yKsrroirr 

finest work in town was dono by their liautls. Tlies-i 
are the family names ; 

1. Luoy, raari-iod Arteinas S. Kartwt-ll. 

2. Morrill, UiarrieJ Christiann Siieriuan. 

3. Hiram, married ^Melissa Lock. 

4. 3lilo, married Mary Estey. 

5. Loren7,o, married Mary Ann Anf^ier. 
G. Abigail, ujan'ied Orson Bennett. 

7. Orange, married M^abala Morrill. 

S. Emmons, drowned in California when a yonnjjc 
num. . i.ii 

9. Jane, married Merlin Angier. 

10. Ann, married, 1st, S, K. Wells, 2ud, Samuvl, 
Huntington of Burlin<i;ton. 

11. Mary, married A. J. Howaul of Burlington. 

12. Eli/.a, marriod B, D. Stevens. 

33. !Nelson J., (born IS-IO,) married, 1st, Theresa 
Clark; 2nd, Jennie Bichards. 

(Oua child died as an infant, makinf^ tbtv fnll r<uml>^r 


To^^•n >b:'etff(ir held ut the Ina o.^ H. J. IVi-soo^ 

Joseph R. Delano, Supervisor. 

Dau (.1. Koui, Clerk. 

Joel Iv. t'rench, J iistiee. 

Heurv Stone. Collector. 

Alaus(Ui BuYbcr, Aaron R. Mw-k, Wilbum naH.^ 

Jas(»u r.rainan. Samuel S-torrs, Jainos. \V. Coll, Iloini 

C. P. Cadv. Sainuel Root, 0.. S. .\lebe<-d, S^-hooj Comr.nU- 

j//sTo/:y or wr.srroirr '■■,. . 4i3 

A. M. OlJs, John H. Low, Evander W. Kaunov. Schoul 

JoLu Giroloy. Jr.. and Albert P. Cole. Poor Masters. 

Ha.rry X. Colo, .Tohn Look. Henry Stoue. Constables. 

William Mchityre, '.Scaler o-f Wei.irhts and Measures. 

I'athrnasters. — Josepli i5ii,'eio\v. .\l]>hei!s Stone, A. Pat- 
liM.n. lU/.-kiah Barber. Caleb P. Cole. Wiliiam J. Cuttin^r, 
William Melnivrr. John .MitL-hell. Williani <;. Hunter. 
Lutbi-i- An^rier.Vieor^'e W. Sturtcvaiit. \V. L. Wadbams. 
Kdvvard CoUniru. Eiijab Wrii^'bt. (ieurge Skinner. Willard 
llartwell. Justus TJarriss. Henry Drapei-, Plutt. Sbeldon. 
Tbarles U. Stiiev". Tbomas B. Lock. Rufiis Parr, Giles 
>,!;urtlitf. Moses'FeU, Morrill Gibbs. W. C. West. Peubeii 
Bi'owa. Erasliis Lovoland. John Ferris. Samuel A ndersion. 
Jt-babod Hartlett. 

^'oted that fifty dollars t)e rai-^ed for mat. or Town Plot, 

Now we come to sonietbing trnly interestii-.g— Wet^t- 
]H:rj-t's first uewspnper. The first number was publi-shed 
Au,i;nst 4, 1841, by Ansoii H. Alleii,^ south of H. J. 
Person's hotel," ami its name was "Th>- Kyxc.r (r>in,t;i 
'riiiii'x n„il ll'rs/i^orf Iltrolfi:' Tlie first part of the 
iiaiae seems to be a perpetiiatioi <>f that of (he Ehza- 
liethtown paper published for a short time by R. W. 
LiviuLjston, but the second part is all oar own. It was 

•Anson If Allen was born in Palatine, N'. Y in iSo6f, lenrned the prlntei's trad« 
■in MidJlcUurv, V't., and v-'asin tiit: HeralJ oibcK in Kecsevilie in 18^7. In iS4i Ue 
•took the -cen-SiUS ct Essex <onntv, a n<i so,nc erperierce of iii< in tne wild hici 
•country ga'. e ri>e to t^e popular <ioy:<<-erel exiled ''A!lc:i'.- Be?r Fii;ht.." t\;-o !;nes 
of uhlch axe. — 

'•O Ciod he c-lfd 'n de- p dei-p li^, 
{£ voudnn't help me. don't help Ci.e hear ."* 
from iN^i t . '*» I he puhlished the Esuex Cptiate Tiiie-f in \Vf=tf.>rt; aK'crward 
la Keev;e%ilic and Saratoga, he puhlisht^i a in 'nthlv rolled "-The (.>IJ SrtiUr," 
■ilevored to e.arlv stories of this rejfion, of v.-lMch i' ie a pitv tha;t; so fcA- now re- 
main. W'ht-n t».e Kiinter hoiis« was burned, cne lus^ which Mrs tfuntcr decpiv 
iainrnted ».MS that ot h.a.-reU of o;il papers, with a coiKplt.t<; file of Allen's "Oi'>/ 

Although no name hut ihst of Anson H. Allen i* given upon the paper, wc 
inov/ that r^aifc^ Turner wis associated with him fii>.-.i the lirst, fro::i the ia-rter's 
J- ;i ,,tutc-i:'e:'t -n j l>.r;-r nu:)i,'^bed .in ll'c [^.lir^letruozLit Po.-/ a .few vr;jrs helorp 

n-t msTonr of \vi:sTro!tT 

a very respectable four-p.iLi;e sl}eet, t\s ma}- be seen by 
the four or five copies which iiave uot gone long ago to 
kindle tires. There have been preservetl, and arc now 
in Westport, four copies, from tlie years lS41-4:2-43 
and ISli, an.l the writer has examined another printed 
in 1813, owned by >[r. Henry McLauglilin of Moriaii. 
The earliest number still })reserved is dated Wednes- 
day, Oct. i:;, isii. 

The literary portion, made up of selected articles, the 
foreign news, brought across the ocean on the steam - 
shi}> Ai-oiHn, and the notes of national events, as the 
(•o]]cludiug scenes of tb.e "Patriot War"' in Canada, are 
not so interesting as the home advertisements, ^^'o 
notice in the Democratic nominations tbename of James 
Walker Eddy for Coroner. The editor is indebted to 
Capt. E. W. Sherman of the steamer UnrHixjict for late 
copies of lioston, Xew York and Montreal papers. 
We find "ads" of tive dit;"ereiit business tirms in the 
village of Westport. William and Cyrus Pilchards 
•'would most resjiectfally inform the public and th^:ir 
friends that the}' still continue in business at their t)ld 

his death: "In iS4i I left Keeseville for Westport to assist Anson H AHen in tlic 
pubUcalion of thiit illublrious iiterary prodaction, T/ik WesCfort Timet. Mere I 
remain eight ye-irs, then rtinoveil family and prinlmjj oflioe to the county" 
David Turner was born in Hull, Knghmd, in iSio, and f.rst cause into Essex county 
in ''^.57t working in the printing o.fice at SCceseviilf. Frojn i"^4i to 1S49, as he 
>ays, he liveil in Westport, thi.Ti in Eliiabethtown for ten years or more, inovin;^ 
about 1^0 to Washington, where he died in 1900. rSe had an especial fon(lnes«; 
lor the history .md t'lie Irjjends cf Essex c'.intv, often writing; articles upon such 
topics for the local oress. His wife Klv.a 1. Ciincron, of Scotch descent. His 
son, Ross Sterlinir Turner, thff Bo<-tor artist, -vas b >rn in Westport June 27, \^.\~. 
Three <itlier scn*^ are Byron Po.od Inrncr, of the Civil Service Commission at 
Vl^^.hu'.^r.. „. J ,v.,et C. T .rnf r . ( C • -.ei-mu, .ind L-.j.- .M. Turner nf New Vcri;. 

Ill STORY or wr.sri'oirr -/ir, 

stanJ, tlu- D()U^i;l;iss«tcu-f." They keep on liainl '"a i^,.']\- 
oral assoitiiiont of Dry (roods, Grocciics. Cvocl<t^ry, 
H;ir(hv;n-e, Oils, i^unts, Af.'" WiUi.-nn J. AFianklii- 
11. Ciittiiju- auuouiicp thai they "will ]u''t*r sell njicii 
the C'-is'i and Short Cifdit System, a.nd !ia\-n tixcl ui.on 
tlie followiun; prices," whicli are chiell\ iMtt'restiii;^ from 
tlie fact tliat they are ex [tressed lu shilliiii^s and pence, 
as t\vo^philliuj;s and sixptmee a gallcii hn- molassos. 
They also offer cash for "suiooth, flat ami s(jii;ire r>ar 
Iron." Hfirvey Pierce "feels grateful for ])ast favors, 
;ii)d for so liberal a sliari^ of the ])nl>lic patrona^'e, and 
w(Mdd inform tin- citizens of AVest[>ort and it-^ vicinity 
that he k^eps constantly on hand a i^tMieral assortnn'tit of 
Choice Goods, wliich he will sell a little Cheaper than 
his neigliboi-.-? !" Eddy A: Kent "are constantly receiv- 
inj^ a generid assortn)ent of ]''ancv A' Staple Cioods," 
anion;.;- which are stone clinrns and "sad irons, "aiid will 
take "all kinds of crmntry produce at the hi,i:;liest pri- 
ces." Anofher tirn], Keiit A' Felt, "continue to carry on 
the Hatting Viusiness at tlieir old stand near tlie Bridge, 
and keep on liand a gocnl assortment of well-made Hats, 
of the latest Fashion, which they would like to t-\:change 
for Sheep Pelts, Sheared and Pulled Famb's Wool, 
Hatting and Shijiping Furs, and most kinds of Pro- 
duce." All show the prevalence of barter in trade, and 
the Very editor liimself adv(M"tiscs patent nieilicines for 

At Wadhams Mills, If. A J. I^)raman have a good se- 
lection of ])ry (ioi-ids for the country trade, and a g(»od 
.•iSM.rtment of Straw l/.onnets, of djjh-r'iit (jualitic.-, ; 

4jf: msTi'un' OF wi'sTi'or.T 

als(^, Vai'i. 'jilted Cotey Hats iukI Hoods," wliirh show-; 
that ill thos.> days the women wo\x- uot [jroviiled with a 
niilliiier to sell thcin heail-gear, bat went ti> the goneial 
store and asked to seo the tinery that the sto^e-kee^)^'r 
brou<;ht home with him the List time he went south. 
It would seeni tliat Wadhams w as then the centre eif 
fusliion, for one ^[ic-hael O'Sullivan deelares that he can 
do Tailoring and Cr.tting "on the shortest notice aiid in 
the most satisfactory manner," 

Tliat CJjarles B. Hatch was then Postmaster is shown 
by a long list of unclaimed letters then lying in the post 
ofHee— a list longer than it would have been if postage 
had not been so higij aiul chargeable to the re^cipi^-nt 
of the letter. Danit-l Pvowley advertises that he Las 
lost a small bay mare, strayed from the enclosure of 
V\'illiam Olds, and Frederick B. Howard that he has :•, 
quantity of farm property for sale, ''clnap for Cash, 'n 
at from six to twelve uu)nths for good eiidorsed ]>ap<.'r 
])ayable at a southern bank. Tht- pi'rch'i.srr's ^i/cs /«< /'/-- 
I'is cliiiji.'' ])aui(d M'Eaehron says tl)at live spring 
calves have strayed into his pasture in the north parr 
of the town. There is an Administrator's Notice of tin- 
estate of Le\i Frisbie, deceased, signed by Sally I'ris- 
bie,\VilLird Fri.bie and Aaron B. :\bick. 

The nnist delightful pictni-e is suggested In- the "ad" 
which sets forth the advantages of the I'\nrv from West- 
port to Basin Harbor, "th.- suj.erior H(nse-B.)at 
EACi]A], Cajit. Asahtd Havens," whitdi has been run- 
ning three trips a day, starting out at 7 A. M., 10 \. m. 
and •■; 1'. 3!., but,! from t!u.' blth of Srptemb.a- nuiL-: 

iiLSToRY or wKsrroirr -m 

but two trip.-^. "The pecnli;ir sitantiou (jf this J^oii'v, 
in-otectpJ as it is by inouutains, reiulevs classing saffS 
aud iwtaid, cvtMi iu the must l.ioistcrous times.'" SigueJ 
l)y C. B. Hatch and A. Havens. These liorseboats 
\vere commou on the Hndsoi), aud were propelled by 
side wheels, worked by a kind of troadn)ill in which 
two horses stood, continually walking nowhere, like the 
liorse-poweis which aie now senji in connection with 
our" threshing machines. 

It was in November, the 10th, in a gale of wind, that 
the steam tug MrDoHdnijlt was wrecked in Button I3ay. 
A canal boat had broken loose from the tou-, and in the 
endeavor to jiick her up the MrPo/imn/Jt. ran ou the reef 
and nevei- tlo;itfd again. The engine was taken out and 
the hull abandoned where it lay. It is a little remark- 
able that the oidy two wrecks in the history of naviga- 
tion on Like Chainplaiu (so far as I know; which were 
caused by stean^ers running agn^nnd occurred within 
sight of. Westport,~the McDomnn/h in IS 11 and t!ie 
('la'nijilaiii in 1S75. 

The oldest surviving book of the reconls of the Con- 
gregational church at AVadhams begins with the date 
Oct. 8, 1811, and ends Oct. IG, 18G1. One of the first 
•Mitilt^s is that <_if the sacrament ailministered by the 
Rev. Cyrus Comstock, to whose labors, liftt'.ni ^•ears be- 
fore, the existence of the church was mainly due. This 
year the pastcu' was the Rev. Charles Spooner, who re- 
mained thirteen years. Tiie deacons were Gecjrge W. 
Sturtevant and William L. Wadhams, and the church 
oli.-rk, WiUiatn L. Wadhams. ]>eacou Wadh;ims was 


churcli cleik coutiuuonsly until 1S()1, with tli-^- oxco])- 
tiou of t?\-o or thrco years spent in Califorhiii. Tlio 
first babies whose baptisms are recorded in this book 
are George Harvey, sou of Levi and EHsa Pierce, and 
Mary Elizabeth, daughter of John Pi. and Elmitia ^Vhit- 
ney. The memborship at this time was one hundred 
and twenty- two. 

Tow u Meetiug at H. J. Persons. 

William Guy Hunter, Sujxjrvisor. 

Harvey Pit-rce, Clerk. 

Diodorus Holcomb, Justice. 

Newton Hays, Colleclov. 

Piatt R. Halstead, Calviu An<,Mer. Alexander Stovenson. 

HezeKiab Barber. Abram E. Wadhains, William Rich- 
ards, Road Commissioners. 

William VanVleck. Miles M'F. Sawyer, William L. 
Wad bams. School Commissioner. 

Orson Ke]lo;Lj;,' and Asahel Lyon. School Inspectors. 

Tillinghast Cojc and Horace Holcumb. Poor Masters. 

Newton Hays. Jared Goodell. James Peets. Henry Stone. 

Horace Barnes. Sealer of Weights and Measures. 

Patbmasters. — A[;ollos Williams, Otis Sheldon, Samuel 
Root. Andrew Frisbie. Lorrin Cole, Aaron B. Mack. Cy- 
rus Richards. Horace Barnes, James Marshall. Elijah 
Aufjier, George \K. Sturtevant, George Kilmure. Stephen 
Sayre, Augustus Hill. David R. Woodruft, Charles T. Cady, 
Epbraim J. Bull. Alan Slaughter, Leonard Avery. Daniel 
M. Fhuvard. Dennis Slaey. Frederick T. Howard. Ezekiel 
Pangbonru, Julius Ferris. 3h)ses Felt. Calvin C. Augier. 
Orrin Skinner. B. P. Douglass. Lester Wallace. J(>sei)h 
Duutley. Jtihn Stone. Ichabod Bartlett. 

Voted U) raise ten dollars to refund to Asabel Havens 
f(>r counterieit money taken by him as school eommissioner. 

This is a pertinent example of the injury and incon- 
venience sntiered by the people from counterfeit nioney 

i/iSTO/n' OF WKsrroirr nu 

and notes fvoiii iinsoujul bunks. I'rom ISoG to ISti'J 
there \vore no l>auks but State banks, and the laws, 
especially in the earlier ]iart of this period, were inade- 
(.[uate to prevent adventurers from pretending to estaVj- 
lisli bard\S, and putting in circulation notes which were 
entirely worthless. Xi) wonder the ]jeoph' ju'eferred to 
barter in iron and farm produce. 

Now w>3 have another of our stories of ad\enture on 
the lake. If you seek for the ron)ance of our history, 
you will ever '^\\m\ it upon the water. Talk with one of 
our old boattjien — there are no young ones, and soon 
there will be no old ones either — and see their love for 
a sailor's life, just the same fervor found iu an ''old?,alt'' 
of tiie s^-a shoie, even th.jugh our wateis are fresh and 
land always in sight. "1 liked it better th.m 1 did to 
eat," said Mr. James A. Allen to me, telling me of the 
twent3'-two years which he sailed the lake, as man and 
boy, in the years, from 1832 to 1854, when you might 
see fifteen or twenty sail in the bay at any time. And 
then he told me a story of one of his tii'st trips in his 
own boat, when he was twenty- three years old. He 
started out from St. John's with his cargo, bound for 
New York, and carrying in his cabin a box containing 
five hundred Mexican dollars. His employers liked 
tht.'ir niou'-'V in Mexican dollars, u]'on which thev ob- 
t.-iined a prt-miunj in New York. ]ialidi Lovcland, a 
young man of iiis own age, was sailing his own boat 
too, as his father had done for year.s, the children grow- 
ing up half on ship-board, anil knowing the lake as you 

ku-w your own back yiud. "One smutty night" as 

420 jfjSTO/n' or WKSTPO/rr 

Mr. Alien said, bo ran ashore on Scliu}lcr's island, and 
Loveland ran out from ]5ni'lini;ton and liolj^ed biui oil', 
lightening his hoat l,»y taking on his dock load. Then 
she floated again and they sailed away, getting into 
Northwest Bay before morning, and when the suii rose 
they were tied up safe and sound at Ilateirs wharf, and 
had turned in for a wink of slec^p. Waking, they l)e- 
gan transfrriing the deck loail from liovelaud's boat tc 
Allen's again, and while busily at work looked up to the 
top of the hill and saw all the yillage people passing by, 
dressed in their Sunday garb. Then it burst upon then) 
that it was Sunday morning, a fact that their liight of 
toil and jieril had driven from their niinds, and that 
they were "breaking coyenant obligations" bs perform- 
ing unnecessary labor upon the Sabbath. As Loyeland 
was then a faithful member of tlie Baptist church, and 
Allen afterward a pillar iu the same, they took the sit- 
uation seriously, and hastened to set themselves right 
in the eyes of the comtnnnit}'. 

It is true that iu those days the churches were ex- 
tremely watchful iu regard to the daily conduct of their 
members. It was the time of numerous "church trials" 
for offeuces ranging iu tnaguitude from a prolonged 
al)seuce from the Sunday services to profanit}-, lying 
and drunh'enness. These were in no sense "heresy tri- 
als," and the church never properly claimed jurisdic- 
tion over otlences against the common law, but it was 
eousidered a plaiu though paiuful duty to take action 
upon every suspicion of unchri^tiall conduct or incon- 
sistency. It will not requiri; njuch rellti-tiou to eon- 

ii]STni:y OF w/:sT/'ojrr -iji 

vinco iiny pt^rsoD with a nioilerate kiiowledgo of liuuian 
nature that the strict oiiforceiueut of tlii.s piincii^hi 
often Ict^l to most unholy warfare, to ilie perplexity a}iil 
despair of well-meaning and conscientious })eople. 
Another gentn-ation has learned nioie wisdom, and the 
ancient chr.reh trials thin;^s of the past. They make 
tedious and profitless reading, with sometimes a reve- 
lation ot situations unspeakably humorous. Yov in- 
stance, one of the Baptist deacons was so unfortunate 
as to'lind great dilTicult}' in living in peace with his 
wife. Now we leave it to any married man if this was 
not a disj^ensation sulliciently afflictive in itself, without 
having a solemn ciiui'ch coinmittee of threoorfi\e long- 
faced l>!-ethren tjling in at his front door with the in- 
tention of inquiring into the particulars. "We of this 
generation should give thanks that, among other bles- 
sings, tlie New England conscience has become amel- 
iorated l)_y the development of a keen and wholesome 
sense of humor. One word in our vernacular to 1 
am inclined to ti'ace directly to this p(!riod. Any pcr- 
soil who had been obliged to undergo the examination 
of the church in regard to his or her conduct in any 
nnitter was said to have been "church-mauled." It will 
be perceived that the veiw formation of the compound 
word betrays a symi>athy with the su]>posed oii'ender 
and a turning of [)opular o})iniou against the church 

This summer there was a can)p-meeting at Barber's 
Point, in the woods near the lake, and again in two 
yars it was ji.dd iu the same [)hu''\ Tlii^ w;is as con- 

■JJ-2 IllSTOnV OF W i: ST I 'OUT 

veiiiout and accessible a spot as ci'nli] l-o fDund. since- 
preachers aud pc-ojile always came from tlio ^'ermf)nt 
sbore as well as frora this side of the lake, and th-^ 
ferry boat was in great demand. The line steamer also 
stopped at the Point repjularly for several years after 

The threat Euj^dish novelist, Charles Dickens, visited 
America this year, aud recorded liis impressions of tlio 
country in "American Notes." His ])assagc throuj^li 
Ijak"e Cham))lain is thus touched upon. 

"There is one American boat — the vessel which car- 
ried us on Lake Cham plain, from St. John's to White- 
hall — which I praise v(>ry highly, bat no more than it 
deserves, when I say that it is superior even to that in 
which we went from Queenston to Toronto, or to that 
in which we travelled from the latter place to Kings- 
ton, or I have no doubt I may add, to any other in the 
world. Tills sttiaraboat, whicli is called the Iiiirlinr/f'))i, 
is a perfectly exquisite achievement of neatness, ele- 
gance, and order. The decks are drawing-rooms ; the 
cabii^s are boudoirs, choicely furnished and adorned 
with prints, pictures and musical instruments ; every 
nook and corner in the vessel is ;i jjcrfect curiosity of 
graceful comfort and beautiful contrivance. Ca])tain 
Sherman, her commander, to whose ingeiiuity and ex- 
cellent taste these results are solely attributal)le, has 
bravely and worthily distinguished himself on more 
than one trying occasion ; not least anjong them, in 
having the moral ctiurage to carry Bi-itish troops, at a 
time iduring t!ic Canadian r<.'beliioui wln.-n no otlicr 

HISTORY OF wKsrrnin' 423 

couvcviinco was open to thfin. ITo and his vessel are 
held iu universal respect, both by ids own couutrynieu 
and ours ; and no man ever enjoyed the popular esteem, 
who, in his sjdiere of action, won and wore it better 
than this p;entleuian. -h- ^^ * By means of this Hoat- 
ing palace we were soon iu the United States again, 
and called that evening at Burlington ; a pretty town, 
where we lay an hour or so. "We re;iched Whitehall, 
where we were to disembark, at six next morning ; and 
might^have done so earlier, but that these steamboats 
lie for some hours in the night, in consequeuce of the 
lake bi-oouiing very narrow at that ]iart of the jour- 
ney, and dithcult of navigation iu the da)k. Its width 
is so contracted at one point, indeed, that they are 
obliged to warp round by means of a rope. ^ ^ * 
After bieakfasting at Whitehall we took the stagecoach 
for Albany, a large and busy town, v^here we arrived 
between five and: six o'clock that afternoon." 

We have a copy oi the Essex C(junty Times for. Oct. 
5, 1842. On the editorial page we find au account of a 
Democratic convention which met at Elizabethtowu 
Sept. 28, iu preparation for the coming election. Van 
Buren, Democratic, had just goue out, and William 
Henry Harrison, Whig, was now in. The delegates 
from Wfstport were Ausou H. Allen, Harry J. Person, 
Orson ]Cellogg, Miles MT. Sawyer, Piatt P. Halstead, 
Frederick B. Howard and Alpheas Stone. The dele- 
gate to the CNnigrossional Couveution was Piatt K. Hal- 

Tlie rt -^'diitious of the Eli/abethti)'.vn convention. 

'/!>-/ iiisruRY OF WEsri'oirr 

ilrafttM.l 1)j JL)n. A. C. Huud,, exprcssi\e of tlie ])f)- 
liliciil sitiiiition. 'rho7e is coijclemiiation ol" "all r.l- 
tempts to sell Unele Sam's wooil lot to the Dutch, Eng- 
lish or eTews," a refcreuce to "the short and confused 
ascendency of Whi^ism," and a pio|diccy "llial we shall 
be troubledno more with Datdcism, hard cider and coons 
for the next quarter of a century." "The Whig partv 
have been weighed in the balance and f(.)unLl wantin;^^ 
The people are saying to them, 'who deceives ns once, 
'tis his fault ; if he deceive me twice, 'tis minr-.' " Our 
town committee appointed was Piatt 11. Halstead, 
Harry J. Person, James W. Eddy. 

We are informed that the Westport Young People's 
Temperance Society will hold a meeting this evening 
in the Methodist church, and there will be an address 
by William Aiken, I^squire. Also that the next Quar- 
to-ly meeting of the Essex Couiity Tem[)erance Societv 
will be held in the Congregational church at Tjewis, in 
October, and that Orson Kellogg is the secretarv. The 
Eastern Xew York Anti-Slavery Society will hold a 
convention for the county of Essex at East Moriah, Oc- 
tober 13 and 14. Addresses by Pllder Abel Erown of 
Albany and Elder I). W. Burroughs. 

Charles E. Hatcli is still postmaster, and he gives a 
list of ahout twenty lett;^rs lying unclai(U3 I. Tin od- among these names is that of Dovalthy Hickok, 
and we notice an Antoine which sliows that l)efore this 
time the French Canailian names had come to be known 
in the village. 

Harvey Pi.-rce "has just returned from Nvw York 

n/sm/n' or ]vi:sti'oiit r 4-jj 

\\\i\\ {\ splendid assortment- of Fall Croods. IjUick, 
J'lue-Black. Invisible Green and Brown Broad-clotlis, 
Sattinetts, Cassiroeres, Pilot Cloths, Yestin-^s, Alpaeca 
C'loths, Bombazines and Silks. Heavj- ^^took of Gro- 
cerit-.s. Liquors Excepted." 

Ivent and Felt ads'ertise the Hattinj^Bu-^iness cxactly 
as befora, and Eddy and Kent will sell Bonnet Silks, 
iiibbous, Flower.-s, and also Cauldron Ketth^.s, but in 
••mother cnhinin we .-ire warned of the dissolution of thu 
thin of James W. Eddy and Dan H. Kent, Aut;. 30, 
Isl'2. The Cuttint^s and the liichardses advertise as 
liefore, and John H. Low aniiounces "lliat he is determ- 
ined not to l>e undersold by any one, at his store two 
iloors south of H. J. Person's Hotel." ]Iiid<ley Coll 
fui-nishes Lime at his Lime Kiln in the .south part of 
the town. "Notes of most of the suspended Safety 
Fnud and Bed Back Bank Xotes bought by William J. 
Cuttiu;^^" Inquire of Barnabas ^Myrick if you wish to 
!"uy the fariu of James Marshall on the road to Essex. 
Heo. B. Beynolds is agent for E. Jewftt oi Yeri,'enries 
for receivinj^f Wool to ('aril or Manufacture. s.jQ Be- 
ward will be ^iven for iuformation which will insure 
conviction of persons who have committed various tres- 
I'lsses iu the yard and >^rounvls now occuoii'd bv Sew- 
all Cuttin<i;. (This was the old Dr. llolcomb place, at 
the forks of the road, the jilace now occupied by Joseph 

Abiathar Polhtrd is about leaving town, and "would 
inform the iidial)itaut.s of Keeseville that he will hold 
.bims.df in r.'i!dib''>s j>roa'pt]y to utteu 1 all who, in af- 


ilictive Providouce, uia} icquii-e liis aid." Aiul ther-.- 
is au EKeeutor's Nolieo for the estate of John Chaudler, 

It was in the suiniDcr (»f 1842 that Francis Parktnau, 
tlie r;reat liistoriaa, made his first trip tlirough Lake 
George and Lake Chaniplain, aceoinpauied by Henry 
Orue White, exanjiniug the scenes of the events of the 
earl}' viurs of America, and obtaining that thorough 
kuowledge of the country which is so evident iu all liis 
works upon the history of this region. The next 
year he went again this way to Canada, collecting his- 
torical uiaterial at Quebec and other places, and passed 
through on a siinihir journey once niore in 1877. When 
the Westport Library \vii< opened, in ISSS, he presented 
it-with a complete set of his historical works, which now 
stands upon the shelves, one of the most valued posses- 
sions of the Library. Kis interest in this Jnstitntii)n 
had been awakened by an ;iccouut given him by ^Irs. 
F. L. Lee of its histor\- and its needs. 


Town Meetin<^ held at the lun of FI. J. IVrsons. 

William Ouv Hunter. Suftervisor. 

Cyrus W. Richards. ClerK. 

Anson [I. Alien and Miles 3] F. Siiwyer, Justices. 

Betjajuli P. Douijjlass. Colle^'lor. 

E. H. Coll. Luther An^ier, Asabel r>voD, Asses.sors. 

Alviu Bui-t. Lorrin Cole. Elijah An;.nL'r, Road Commis- 

• Ira t-ifnilersou, WlUidui 1^. Wudhams, ^^'illiam \'.iu 
Vlei.k, Sebool CDmmissiuncr.-^. 

WilTuun llii^bv and Orson I\ello<,'(r. School Inspectors. 

Tillin^hast Coie and Hmimco LloU.-uial., Poor AUusters. 


jiisrom' OF WF.srroirr 427 

l{;irnal)as Myrick. Alcxiindcr St'.'voiison. Alans(in ilar- 
b(M-. Inspectors of Election. 

i>. y. Doutjhiss. Erastus Lovelaiid. Jarod Guoclalf. Jumcs 
l\'(^ts. iloiMce Earnes, Constablos. 

William Van Vleck. Sealer of \\'ei</L.ts and Mea,^ures. 

l^itlimaslers. — William Brooks, E. IE Coll. Jau;es Eeets. 
E-vi l-'rlsbie, Alhei't £\ Cole. Aaron E. Mack. William 
Meliityi.e. Jloi'ace Bai'ues, James McKenney. Luther 
An^i-ier, George W. Sturtevant. Titus ^]. Mitchell, Davnl 
11. Snyre. Augustus Hill. David K. Woodruff. Chai'les T. 
<'iidy.' Johnson Hill, D. M. Nichols. Albert Stringham, 
J^utlier B. Hannnoud. Heurv Stone. John Ormiston, l'\n-est 
M. Coodspeed. J ulius Ferris. Humphrey Sherman. \\ ar- 
i-en Cibbs. Leonard Taylor. B. P. Douglass. Lconaril Ware, 
.louathan Cady. James fortune. Ti'uman Bartlett. 

At a meeting of the board of Toud Auditors convened 
at the Town Clerk's oftieo in the tnwn of Westport. od the 
fir^t day of April. ISiiJ, present: U'illiam G. Hunter. Su- 
pervisoi-, Cyrus W. Eichards, Town Clerk. John H. Low. 
J ra Henderson and Anson H. Allen. Justices of the Peace, 
it was unaainiously resolved that the Supervisor of said 
town pay over to Piatt R. Halstead the sum of tifty dollars 
heretofore raised to fui-nish a map of said town, whenever 
he shall have completed the map i)y making the allotments 
and the subdivisions of the different patents of said town, 
more esi.iecially the Bottsborough and P. Skeins Patent, 
to the satisfaction of said supervisor. 

Eecoi-ded tl:is ::rd day of April. 184:-*. Cvrus Eienards. 
Town Clerk. 

^Yas this map ever made? If so, wliat becauje of it? 
The ])reseut writer can find no tiaee <»f it except this 
i-ntry iu the okl Town Book. 

This yc;ir was the one set by William Milh^r for the 
Kml of the World. Mr. David Turner v. rites as fol- 
hnvs iu regard to this remarkable delusion: 

'•The Millerite fanaticism, that extended from 1^^3'J 
to 18i:>, tlie day ti\-ed fur the grand ascension of the 
-aints to th.' realms above. At that tiuH> every man. 
^^omaij at'd cbiid iu Pauto!.!, Vt., wa.> a tiriu bi>Jiever iu 



Miller's (lucti'iijo. Even- Sunday, unci almost every 

week tiny, it catnp-nieetiug \vas liekl in tli". woods on 

the lake shore, and on a still ni^ht, with an easterly 

wind, you could hear the loud singing from across tho 

lake - 

''O Canaan. hi-i<;ht Canaan, 

I'm bound for the land of Canaan ! ' 

O Canaan it is my haj)py home, 

I'm bound for tho laud of Cauaan ! 

If you get th(M'e before I do, 

.Tust tell them I am coming' too, 

For I'm bound for the laud of Canaan !" 

I ]n^ve been told that William Miller once preached 
his wild doctrine in the Baptist church in Westport, 
when it stood upon the hill where it wasiirst built, but 
as tho church was moved in 1839, and Milior had then 
but just begun his propaganda, I do not think it at all 
likely. He seems to have had very few followers here. 
Mr. Aaron Clnrk once told me that he knew of some 
]>eople in town who were convinced by Miller's argu- 
ments, (drawn chiefly from the mystical figures in tho 
Book of Daniel,) but he would not give their names be- 
cause he said they were all enlightened as to their er- 
rors before now, from which I guessed that they had 
all gone to another world, though not precisely accord- 
i))g to the predictions of Miller. 

A copy of the Tiii*e.s for June 1-i gives tho card of 
Asa Aikens, Attoruey-at-Law, and a notice of the for- 
ma ion of a })artuership between (Jharles Hatch and 
Harvey Pierce. Johu EL Iiow "has just received fash- 
ionable sumnier goods." Tiie call for a meeting of 
schi-Md teachers at the Aca^lemv Cor the fuimutiou of ;«. 

ji/sTom' OF WKsT/'ojrr 42.0 

Te.icliers' Association in Wostpoi't, siguf*! l\v Orson 
KoUogi as Town Superiutondeut, shows that he is still 
jirincipal of the Academy. 

In the Times for June 28 th.eve is a honp; descrij>ii(»u 
of the receut celebration of the Battle of Bunker Hill, 
v.ith au address by Daniel Webster, listened to by the 
largest crowd ever seen in this country," — 150,000 ! In^ 
the procession were two hundred Eovolntionary sol- 
diers and twelve survivors of the battle of Lexington. 
As for oar business men, the most important advertise- 
ment seems to be that of William J. and Franklin H. 
Cutting, who have purchased "store and wharf recently 
owned % C. B. Hatch, Esq." The copartnership be- 
tween "William and Cyias Biehards is dissolved, and 
the business is continued by William Biehards alone, 
^\ hile on tlie other hand, a new partnership is just 
formed by -Charles Hatch and Harvey Pierce. '"W. I). 
and B. F. Holcomb Irave opened a new tailoring estab- 
lishment one-door north of Hatch and Pierce's store." 
Asa Aikens, "being a solicitor in Chancery, and Attor- 
ney and Counsellor-at-Law in all the courts of law in 
A'ermout, will attend to legal business confided to him 
in the counties bordering on Lake Champlain." Kent 
has just received 32S palii:i leaf hats, and will sell 
'•sawed Eave Troughs," and "Wash Tubs, Angler's 
make," as well as a variety of stoves. Edmund J. 
Smitlr has just opened a blacksmith shop "one door 
south of his carriage shop." 

•We have five old rcsiJcnt fuinities, ciaiitnintf no relation^hip with one another 
<ii Uit- h.onorab!c hyl (rt.j-jcnt tioaic of. Siuuh. The oMcsl of these J.s umloul-tctiiy 


-!3<) iiiSToiiY OF \v/jsTr<j/rr 

TIjo next moeting of tlic Toaclicrs' Association for 
the town of AVestport will bo held ut the Acaden^y. 
Several short addresses will be delivered on the subject 
of education. AVilliam Higby, Pres. A. C. llogers. 
Sec. Meetings of the Essex Couuty Temperance So- 
ciety are still held, Dr. Sanincl Shunaway of Esse'x. 
President, Orson Kellogg, Secretary. The Annual 
Meeting of the Chaniplaiu Baptist Convention, witli 
leave of Providence, will be held in Essex, July 5. C. 
AV. Hodges, Sec. X. P>. The Board of the Convention 
are requested to meet at Deacon Keuel Arnold's. 

Anson H. Allen, as Justice, allovNS himself a sly joke 
in advertising 'Tlymenial kuots. tied in good style in 
short order." Under "Marriages" we tiud two interest- 
ing events: "In this, village, 01:1 the evening of the 22ad 
inst., b}- Pev. J. Thomson, ]Mr. Alonzo M. Knapp >)i 
Crown Point, to Miss Lucj' A. Clark,, daughter of Da- 
vid Clark, Ji^sq. Also, on the 27th inst., b_)- Rev. Mr. 

the Smith family at VVadhanis, known to have been there before the war of iSii. 

Edmund J. Smith, of the well-known family of Smith street, Shoreharn, Vt.^ 
canic about iS4o and opened a carriage and blacksmith shop near his house on 
Washington street. His wife was Emma I^rrabee, sister of Mrs. Dr. Shattuck, 
and his children are Frank E. Smith, of the firm of Smith \- Kichard-, and Mrs. C. 
A. Pattisoa. 

Jaiiics A. Srailli came fmni Brooklyn in iSfo, zs-A made clav !>ip*s at Coil's Buv. 
His wife was MaiietU Munereltc, and his chilJreii now living^ are Gab?ic!,. Peter 
and Sarah, now Mrs. John Karnsworth. 

John E. Smith came froiiv CaaxuUi. and settled on the Iron Ore Tract, on the ro u! 
to Seventy-five. He was the father of William Smith, of John Siiulh tlie under - 
taker, and of .Mrs- James Patten. 

Ira Smith was a shnemaktr. and kept the toll-^jale for a long^ time. His so-. 
Artli ir is a jfraduateof CornelL I-cil-.e Smith^brotJier u£ Ira, isa <.-iiLrper]ter,.rK..v.- 
living on Pleasant '-treet. 


iiisroi'v OF wrsrroirr -i.u 

Ifoa-os, Oill.ert A. Grant, Esq.. of Non\ :\laiki't, N.H., 
to Miss. H'.leii St. John Aikt^iis of tlii.s j.];ico." 

Ou tlip eleventh of Seitteuibor was lu-l(l tlie twenty- 
iiiuth aijuiversarj of tlie Battle of I'lattshur^li, at 
IMatti^bun'li. The l^Tsideut of the day was Col David 
11. McNeil, fonvierly of Wci^tport, and thatpart of the ex- 
erci.'^^'s most interesting from thejioiut of view of this his- 
ti-iy was iritfrxlnced a.s follows : '"J'o ouiestetmed fellow- 
citizen. Pl.itt II. Halstead, Esq., late a Ij'eutcnaut in th--- 
I'uited States Army, I a,.ssion the honor of placing- uion- 
luneuts at the graves of Capt. Alexander Anderson, of 
the P>ritish marines; Lieut. William Paul, midshipman; 
Williaiji Gunn and 3>oatswain Charles JackKon of the 
Pritis.h navy, and Jose{)li Bairon, julot <>n board Com- 
niodore Macdonoagh's ship — all of whom fell in the 
naval engagement in Cumberland i^ay, oft" Plattsbnroh, 
Sept. 11, lSl-4. Josepli Barron, pilot, was personally 
known to Lieut. Ilalstoad and myself, aiid was a man 
hold in high estimation, for his intelligence and jiatri- 
otism,lty all who had the })leasnre of his acquaintance." 
The account of the exercises goes on to say that "Lieut. 
Ifalstead in the discharge of the duties assigned him, 
♦ lected the monuments at the head of the graves of the 
three lieutenants ot the P>ritish navy, and j>ruceeded to 
the gravf of Jo^e))h I5:irron, and as near as we could 
catch his remarks, spoke as follows : 'I take a melan- 
choly pleasure in erecting this monument at the grave 
of Joseph Barron, Commodore 3iacd<^>nougirs contiden- 
lial pilot/ .1 knew him wt-ll — l)e wa.s about nty own 


'f:i-2 iiisT()i:r OF WFsrrmrr 

a<^e — wo were scliool -l)oys to;^otlior — a vv-;\rniev liearte<l 
(!)• a braver man ))evei' trod the deck of a slii[).' " 

It was ab<jiit lS-53 that .Fioeborii]!. Pa<:i;o tirst caino to 
Westport, from H3'i.]e Park, Yt., wJieie lie was born in 
18'i4. His pai'cnts were Lorenzo and JPolly (Matthews) 
]\ige. He opened a tin shop, and afterward a store for 
general merchandise, was for a time a partnt^r of C. H. 
Eddy in this and (lai'i'ied Km a whoh~-sah3 grocery 
bnsiness in Troy for a number of years. His I'trst wife 
was Phebe Ann Yiall, daugliter of William Viall, and 
their children were Kvelyn, now Mrs. Dan Holcomlj, 
and Walter, who died at Bay City, Midi., in 1883. His 
-second wife was Mrs. Mary Hitchcock, daughter of 
William J. Cutting. Mr. Page's sister C'lara married 
1). L. Allen. 

Another arri\;d from "\%:rmont was Judge Asa Aikens, 
with his family, from Windsor, as is apparent from the 
notice of Judge Aikeiis' law business in the Timc^, and 
the announcement of his daughter's marriage, in June. 
One reason for their coming to ^yestport was the res- 
idence here of Mis. Aikens' brother, William Guy Hun- 
ter, and of the family of her sister, Mrs. Sewall Cutting, 
wlio iiad diotl three years before. 

Asa Aikens was born in Barnard, Vt., Jan. 13, 1788, 
the son i)f Solomon and Ijetsey (Stnithi Aikens. He 
entered West Point Nov. 30, IHM, and iu the war of 
1812 was a captain iu the ."Ust regiment, U. S. A. Ht* 
graduated from Middlebury College, class of 1S08, and 
pmcticed law in Windsor until his removal to Westport 
Prom 1818 to 1820 he \\a< in the Yerniout Ia.-''islatur->. 


niSTony or wKsrroirr -^.-^r-i 

from 1S2P» to 1825 Jn(l;:-o of the, supreme Court of Ver- 
mont, aiul in 1827 President of the Council of Censors. 
In 1827 and 1828 lie edited the Supreme Court Ee- 
})()rts. He published two l;i\v-boolcs, "Practical Forms" 
in 18;jr), and "Tables," in ISIG, after he had settled in 
AVest]:)ort. The latter is doubtless the first book ever 
published by any one living in our to>vn. He married 
his first wife,.Xancy Ann Speucer, Jan. 24, 1800, and 
her children were Emma Jeromino and Julienne Ger- 
trude. His second "wife was Sarah Hunter, marrie-1 
Dec. 4, 1814. Chikheu : Villeroy Spencer ; Mary Eliz- 
abeth ; Helen St. Johns (Mrs. Grant>; Au-,'usta (Mrs. 
Dudley); William Hunter; Edwin Edgerton ; Charles 
Eugene; Sarah Hurjter (Mrs. Jacobson); Guy Hunter ; 
Franklin Pluuter. Judge Aikeus died in Hackensack, 
X. J., while on a visit, July 12, 1863, and his wife died 

^even vears latei'. 


Town Meeting held at the Inn of H. J. Person. 

Franklin 11. Cutting. Supervisor. 

William Van Vleek, Clerk. 

John H. Low. Justice. 

Asahel Lyon, Town buperinteudent of Common Schools. 
Tliis is the first election of sucd an officer, and probably 
marks toe date of the first election of trustees in the dif- 
ferent districts. We du nut Had the three ••school com- 
missioners" and the three '"sc-hool inspectors'- again 
e!c(>ted as town officers. 

Diodorus Holcomb. l^uther An<.ner. Alexander Steven- 
sou. Assessors. 

I'.lijah .Vngicr, 1-linkley Coll. Abrain K. Wadhams. Road 

James W. Kddy, ^\'illia[n L. Wadhams. Joseph K. Delano, 
Inspector.s of Election. 

This is tlie first election of such otficci-s. 


434 II J STORY OF ]Vj:STPOirr 

Hezekiali Barbor iind FLn-ac-e ITolcomb. Ovorsoers of the 

Benajah 1'. Dou<.:.'ass. Collector. 

B. P. nou<^lass, Erastus Lovehuid, Jarcd Goodalo, flor- 
ace Barnes, Constables. 

Heory H. Holcomb, Sealer of Weifrhts and Mea.sures. 

Patbmastcrs. — Joseph Bi^^alow, Elihu If. Coll. James 
Peets. Tillinf,'hast Cole. Charles Fisher. Willard Frisbie. 
Williatn Viall, James Marshall. Henry Royce, (.Tcorore W. 
Stnrtevaut. Aoram E. Wadhains, John R. \\'himey, Joel 
IX. "Whitney, Joe! B. Finney, Curtis Pierce. Leonard 
Fisher. Jonas Vauderholf, AlonzoSlaughter, JoshuaSmith. 
Jacob Decker. Daniel Nichols. Jesse Sherman, Solomon 
Stockwell. Lee Prouty, William P. Merriam, William Mar- 
tin, Lyman F. Hubbard. John Flinu. Arteraas Hartwell. 
Joseph Duntley, John Slone, Truinau Bartlelt. 

Voted to raise ten dollars "to ]>urchase a set of Weights 
and Measures for the use of the Town."" 

-Asaliel Lyon failiuf' tc> serve as Superintendent of Com- 
mon Schools Asa P. Hammond was ajipointed in his place. 

In consequence of the resignationof William \^an VIeck." 
Samuel C. Dwyer v.-as appointed Town Clerk by three 
Justices, Miles M'F. Sawyer, Anson H.- Allen and Ira 

By this time the cild militia training' clay had passed 
away, and its place had beeu taken by tlie mass meet- 
ings of the people called political conventions. This 
year saw the last campaign of the brilliant Whig lead- 
er, Henry Clay, and a grand Whig Couveiition was held 

•William Henry Van Vleck was the son of Mrs. Cathaline Van Vleck, a 
widow •.vhi> rf siJed la Westport from some time before iSjo to her death in 1S67. 
He niarric-ii PJizabeth WhalloQ, (iaug'atcr of James M Whullon, owner of the 
mills at Whallonsburgh, and they livtd in '.he large brick house on the river bank 
(since used a-i a hotel) which is still sometimes called "'the Van Vleck House," 
althojgh t!ie %'an Vlecks moved to Waahinyton more ihiin a generation ago. 
L'pon the death of Eliznbeth his wife, Wiiiiam Van Vleck, married her sister Kin- 
eline Wh.illon. Elizabctli Van Vicck, sister of Wiliiaiti, married the Rev. 
Thomas fSrandt, a B.iptist minister who preached in Wt^lport from 1S43 to iS4>, 
and whojs said to have been a descendant of Joseph Brandt, the famous Mohnv k 
chief who fought for the Biitish in trie Revolution, 


II I STORY ()F WKSTrOirr -io'y 

;it tlie county seat in SoptombLM-, at wliieh every town 
iii the couuty was represented by a pictorial delegation. 
The dis))lay made by AYestport is still remembered as a 
triumph. In a large car rode "tweuty-six ladies, young 
and beautiful," as au eye witness reports, representing 
the nunib;n- of states then in the Union, and each car- 
rying a Hag with her state name upon it. 'J'he car was 
drawn by thirteen yoke of oxen, each with its own 
teamster, and with horns decorated with red, white and 
blue ribbons, while behind the car rose deafening music 
from fife and drum. The head teamster of nil was 
Blijah Wright, a famous driver of oxen, then more com- 
monly used than horses for farm work. To-day thirteen 
yoke of oxeu cannot be found in the township. The 
car was a rude affair, and the roads very bad, even for 
that period, and the whole delegation toiik turns in 
walking jiart of the way, with the single exception of 
Jose|)h Ji. J)elano, who was lame at the time, and rode 
iu state in a rocking chair. Of the twenty-six young 
girls who took part in this ardent display of political 
entiiusiasm three are still living iu 1003. One was 
Mary Hardy, afterward Mrs. Humphrey Sherman, 
another was Ijouise Dunster, afterward 31rs. Maurice 
Sherman, and the third was a daughter of Alexander 
Whitney who went in disregard of her father's allegi- 
ance to the opposing i^arty, the Loeofocos, and Nvho mar- 
ried George F. Stanton. 

Westport still has a newspaj^er, but its editor Inis 
ohanged. Its name is simply ''The Coanhi T'uncs^' 
it is published Thursdays, and its editor is David Tur- 



iier. In politics it represents the Anti-AVhig iiarty 
uljose name is still in process of fonnation, as is well 
shown by this piiraso from the rosolntions of a recent 
convention — "ever}- republican \\ho desires the pros- 
perity of the good old democvntic cause." This con- 
vention Lad nominated Augustus C. Hand U)V Senator. 

It is announced that "the Democrats of Wadhams' 
I\]^ills will erect a Hickory at tl;at place on Friday, Oct. 
4. The friends of Polk and Dallas, Wright and Gard- 
ner, everywhere, are invited to attend," and there are to 
be distinguished speakers from abroad. There is also 
!i call for three delegates from each town to meet at 
Elizabethlowu "to nominate a candidate for Member of 
Assembly in the place of "William G. Hunter, who de- 
clines." We know that the man who actually went to 
the Assembly- from our district this year was Gideon 

There is a note about the "Whitehall,"— "this spa- 
cious and maguiticeut Steamer has again taken her 
place in the Line," Capt. G. Latbrop. And "it is said 
that the new Steamer building fit Whitehall is to be 
Ccilled the Frdncis Saltt's, in honor of a New York Mer- 
chant." Our postmaster is still C. P». Hatch. D. H. 
Kent has not yet changed the Maj- advertisement which 
announced that he had just returned from tl>e south 
with a full and complete assortment of Gooils, "which 
range from "IJalxarines, Parisiennes, Muslin de Laines 
and kid gloves" to plough points, wash tubs and wagon 
tires with a supply of Parlor, Cook and Box Stoves, 
"cast from the first quality Pig Iron, and warranted 


agaiust cracks for ^ix uiontlis v/ith good usage." There 
were still people who cooked over the primitive fire- 
places, though they were beconiiijg very unfasliionable, 
and all the stylish folks had theirs bricked up be- 
fore this time, v\ith au ugly iron stove set iu the mid- 
dle of the dear old hearth-stor.e whicli had been warm 
to the feet of so many babies as they sat before the 
open fire aud toasted themselves before going to bed. 
Apropos of the subjects of stoves aud cookery, it must 
have been about 18-18 when Phebe Sawyer, presented 
by her uncle with a new gold dollar, chose to invest it 
in the most approved cook-book thcu known, that of 
Miss Catharine Beecher, in which full directions are 
given-for cooking before an open fire, with crane and 
bake kettle and spider-legged frying-pan to be set in a 
bed of glowing coals. Cake was to be raised with eggs 
only, though directions are given for the use of "pear- 
lash," which was usually made at home by burning a 
little pile of clean cobs on a newly washed hearth, and 
then gathering up the pearly little heap of ashes. 

lleturniug to the columns of the Tiin€>:, we find that 
Kent still makes Hats of the Latest Fashion, aud that 
William J. and Franklin H. Cutting are in business as 
before. Horace and Jason Braman have "assigned 
their book accounts, notes aud other eflects to Piatt 
Sheldon," and Horace Braman wishes to let "the well- 
I;nowu Tavern Stand at Wadhams Mills." The firm of 
W. D. aud B. F. Holcomb has dissolved partnership, 
but W. D. Holcomb will "continue to carry on the Tai- 
loring Busiueso." John H. Low is selling dry goods, 



from Broaclclotljs to ''Ladies' Cravats, Fj'iii^t-.-, Dress 
Silks, Hat ami Cap Piibboiis, with gvocoiies, anioug 
M Inch we notice "Lamp Oil," showing tliat the tallow 
candle was iu a way to be left behind like the tire-place. 
The Port Henry Iron "Works call for 3000 cords good 
hard wood and 50,000 bushels o])arcoal made from hard 
woud, at sl.To per cord and G cts. a bushel. Signed F. 
H. Jackson, Trt:;asurer Port Henry Iron Co. This may 
serve to explain what became of our forest primeval. 
Solomon Stockwell has lost a red two year old heifer 
with a slit in the left ear, but the most remarkable loss 
is that of Jacob Allen of Elizaliethtown, v^lio announ- 
ces indignantly that "on Sunday last an indented a{v 
prentice named Thomas Half})enny" ran away from the 
subscriber. It seems that Thomas Halfpenny was an 
Irishman and "wore away a dark blue coat considerably 
worn, light coloured vest, blue cotton drilling paiita- 
l<H)iJS, a new fur hat and black velvet stock." 

There are two very interesting obituaries. 

"Hied, at his residence in this village, after a long 
and painful illness, on the 30th ult., the Hon. Barnabas 
Myrick, aged -10 years. Mr. My rick's loss is a public 
calamit}-. He was one of our Avealtiiiest, most enter- 
prising and useful titizeus. For many years he has 
been identified with the prosperity of our llourisliing 
village, and beeu foremost in its advancement, having 
tilled many olhces of trust with honor ami ;dnlit_v. 
among which was the re])resentation of thi> cDunty in 
the State L"'L;islatui-e. Init he is cut d(;\vu in the midst 


niSTOHY OF Wh'Sr/'ORT -/.v.'v 

of his clays, loaving a lovely faunly mid a lavgi; circle of 

"Also, on the same day, William Huuter Aikens, late 
of the Uui'versity of Vermont, second son of the Hon. 
Asa Aikens, a^ed 20 years. 'J'his talented, amiable 
and interesting young man has been cut down in the 
midst of his collegia to course. It is about a year since 
the ipsidious disease which was destined to prostrate 
in the dust tlie buoyant aspirations ot the youth and 
the fond hopes of parents and friends, began to mani- 
fest itself in the decline uf his liealth. Although he 
had been placed under the special care of einintjDl, med- 
ical gentlemen of the city of New York, no exertions 
could save him, and his friends are left with no other 
consohition than that his elevated spirit shrunk not at 
the prospect of death." 

■ This vear also died two of the pioneers, Enos Ijove- 
land, aged seventy-eight, and John Halstoad, aged 
seventv-four. ]3oth born under the reign of a British 
king, they had Hved to see the young republic come to 
that stage of development in which an American had 
just perfected the electric telegraph. Coming into the 
wooded wilderness of this region in ISOO, they had seen, 
in the pjissage of' a half-century, the growth of a busy 
little village, with comfortable homes scattered over all 
the tillable laud of the township. 

Town Moi'tin.L' held at the Inn of II. J. Person. 
A«<a Ai'fcCL'Us. Supervisor. 
\Viiiiani 1). lIokoaiD. Clerk. 



Dauiol S. French was elected Justice of the Peace, and 
David S. McL»^od was apjiointed to till vacancy. 

Leveretl Pavd}-, Cullectoi-. 

David P. Hi.ltdU. Town Siiperiatendcut of Sebools. 

Moses Felt. Aaron P. Mack. Arcliil)aid Patterson. As- 

GeoriTC Skinner, Williuni J. Cnttie.g. Sauu'.el Koot, lliyb- 
way Corninissiouers 

James ^^^ Eddy, David H. Sayre, William J. Cuttin«r. 
Inspectors of Election. 

Albert P. Cole and iSl<'\)lien Sayre. Poor Masters. 
/ Leverett Pardy, Horace P. Carpenter, Ira Downey. 
Ralph A. Loveland. Constables. 

John H. Low. Town Sealer of Wei^'hts and Measures. 

•Pathmasters.— Thomas Walton, E. H. Cole, Samuel PJoot. 
Peter Ferris, Charles Fisher, Asa Loveland, William Via!!. 
James Marshall, Elijah Angicr, George W. Sturte'vant. 
Elijah Wrig-ht, Joseph Hardy, A u sou Drama n. D. R. Wood- 
ruff, Leonard Fisher. Harvey Smith. Marcus J. Iloising 
ton. John Daniels. Barton Hammond, Edward Harper, F. 
T. f jo ward. Solomon Stock well. Lee Prouty. Moses Felt. 
William Martin, Leonard Taylor, Benajah P. Douglass. 
William Hartwell, Orrin Skinner, James Fortune. Ziba 

Voted to raise .SirvOC for Weights and Measui-es. 

This year we liave no old newspaper to refer to, aud 
so far as the kuowlcdge of tlie present writer extends, 
no more of the Westpoi't papers are in existence. 
Nolliiug is more ephemeral than a newspaper, and it is 
only by accident that our few treasures have l)een kept 
for us. Even now, as 1 write, some housewife may be 
rjoing through some inherited garret like a destroying 
angel, piling up rubbish in the chii)-yard, and applying 
a match to the last one of the old Turner papers. They 
were not published for more than three or four years 
after this, and if we had a copy of each number it wonhl 
not take' a very large place to pile them. Old letters 


iiist<u:y of wKsrroirr ■ 441 

;iiul cliuries c<*ntaiii inncli tlirit is of interest, 1-iit are iint. 
of coui'se, freiieially accessible to the ])ul)]ic. 

Jii Jaiiuarv Piatt li. Halstead made one of liis wiii- 
tci' jouriie^ s to the >;outh, to escapt^, the cliilliui; n imls 
of the-cliuiate which had ah-ea.dy set its seal \\\)uu al! father's family. This was })i()l)al)ly his tirs!: wintci- 
sjieiit ia the south, aud after this l)e weiit every winter 
until his death, s.lop])ii)g iii Mcv. York for a short visit 
to Dr; Evaiider TlauLiey, and then L^oiny on to Jackson- 
ville, Florida. IIu l.e[it a diary of these tri[is, jjoi-tions 
of which were printed in the X<v )''>rl; Ki-ritiifj r<,.<{. 
lie was per.sonally acquainted wjth the editm', William 
Cullen Bryaut, a njan of exactly his own a^e. There 
are a few leaves of the mannscrij.t of tliis diary left, in 
ivliich ht3 gives a description of Savannah, and sa^'s : 
''We £irri\'ed at Savannah, about eleven o'clock, .i. .M. I 
took a walk through the town, and took (jnarteis at the 
C ity Hotel, lu the of the da}- 1 came across 
Ivensselaer Ross, .son of 'JMiecuh.'ius Jloss, fi^rnjeriy of 
kVlizabethtown. He is an old acrinaintance, and u'e 
were much pleysod to meet each other.'" His eye 
fwr milita,ry ujatters is thus shown: "Passed by the bar- 
rack.s of ihe V. S. troops, about ou(^ huiidied left. 
Went ou the pai'ade <:;r(mL!d and saw them insi)ected. 
Sh<nild think ihetu mostly recruits." The first of Feb- 
ruar\- he concludes to go further .south. "Made a few 
purchases, as I had been advi-^. d Lty a Mr. Hancock, a 
gentleman from ^'irginia who hatl just retnrned from 
-facksonville, sent some ]iapers honje, {lacked ujt my 
•baj^age, j>aid uiy bill, took a Ij-J.ej.idly .sh>ke ..»' \h,j \ 




■with souio aL'({ii;iiut;iiico which I had made wijih^ in Sa- 
vannah, and was accou)panied to the boat bv iuineh(.ist 
of the hotel, Avho kindly introduced me to some gentle- 
wen who wore jourueying south. The scenery this 
evening as we passed through it was very interesting to 
a Northern man. Some of the iidets appeared to me 
like our creeks, or the lake ten or twelve miles below 
Whitehall, excepting the marshes, smooth and even, ex- 
tending in some places, as far as the eye can reacJi, 
with numerous blutTs «))• islands covered with live o;ik, 
with its long grey hair-moss hanging from the limbs, 
with their beautiful green leaves. The yellow or long- 
leaved pitch-pine, stately and tall, with but few limbs 
until you approach the top of the tree, — the palmetto, 
which you frequently see along the banks or edges of 
the marshes, with its round top comi)osed of long shin- 
ing green leaves,— all, all is new to me, and highly pic- 
turesque. We passed several islands, with large plan- 
tations, with venerable mansions, surrounded by their 
numerous out-buildings and negro houses, all white ap.d 
neat in jippearance. You occasionally get a view of the 
ocean, and see its huge billov.s bursting in foam on the 
sandy points of the islands, or the numerous bars be- 
tween them." This fragment of the diary stops witlj 
the Jjoat running aground near Jacks(Miviile. 

Lieutenant Halstead had given n\\ his own house at 
the top of the hill not long lifter his sister's marriage, 
and lui I bought and remodeled the long white house 
which was built by Charles B. Hatch almost on the site 
of "the CiaUles" of th.e Wrstport Inn, but standing closr 


JiisrouY OF ]v/:sT/'()/rr •/■/.■? 

r.pDi) tlie ro.-i'l. Here lie occnpi.Ml a bedrr'otn an-.l sit- 
liiip, room up stairs, in the north eud, while Mrs. Yau 
^'l(•ck and her familv occupied the rest of the house. 
Mrs. Van Vk^ck was an old and dt-ar friend, and Ije 
foi.k his meals witli h-n-, this avrangeniont lasting; until 
l.'is healtli failed sr> fast that he wont to liis sister's house 
and there died in 1849. Tiiis uncle was tlio fairy p;od- 
I'alher of his sister's jrrowing family of cliiidren, always 
(•.«!uinp; baek from the south with trunks full of j^ifts, 
and when he died he left them all his property. 

In 1845 was bnilt a. plank road t(^ I'dizabethtown 
with two toll f-'nles, one standing near where thu rai!- 
v.jiy now crosses tlie road, and the other near tiie 
■\illage of Elizabc^htown. This road to the Val- 
li'v had up to this time been invariably bad, running 
t!ir(>ugh low land which could only be crossed bv miles 
of nc^oni.xinii^ corduroy. It was made a turnpike. This 
plank road ^reatly facilitnted the carriage of ore from 
i oats lying at our wharves, which had been loadeil at 
Port Henry, to the forges at Elizabethtown and Lewis, 
and the return of theii- manufactured iron. This year 
a new forge was erectrd, on tlie Boquet. b}- W. V. S: V. 
1 >. ^Merriain. It contained tln-ee tii'es, one hammorand 
two wheels. It consumed charcoal, burned in kilns on 
Hie Iron Ore tract owned by the company-, and also in 
niany a solitary kilu in tlie forest, tended by some 
farmer or woodsman willing to nnike a few dollars in 
this way. Twenty-<-»ne _\ears after tin; opening of Mer- 
riaui's Forge, in ISOn, according to Watson, it wasburn- 
nig eighty thousand bushels (>f charcoal, and niaking 



six liniuliocl and thii-tv tons of ^ore into f.nir liundiv.l 
aucl fifty tous of iron, in one year. Thi.s was no .loubt 
the maximum out-pnt. TJiese works remained in op,^- 
ration until about 1S70, but since thoii have been shut 

Tliis year D. L. Allen bought the Donqlass wharf 
and store.. For six years he had been at Wadhams in 
P--^'ttH.)..hip uith J. K. DeLano. For thirty-three years 
he did a flourishing business in the Douglass store, and 
m 1S78 moved into the large new store on North street 
where his son, Frank W. Allen, has succeeded hin..' 
Ihis makes a contiijuous business in town for sixty- 
tliiee years, the longest in our history. David Lewk 
Allen was a son of Nathaniel Allen, who came in fronr 
Pauton in ]S21. The other sons of Nathaniel \ll.i, 
' ^-ere Almond and James A., and his daughters Alma 
and Susan, now Mrs. Farnsworth. 

In 1815 i\u^ first St. am propelko- on the lake was 
built at Whitehall and called the .Jomc. II. tlookn; af- 
terwards doing a large towing busiiiess. The Honker 
^vhen first built, carried sails and had a center-boai'd " 
In the trustees' book of the J]aptist church is a list 
oi the pew-holders of this year, which it is believed will 
1^ <-f interest. First oujes the minister's pew, just 
■south of the pulpit, occupied by the- family of the Eev 
' Thomas Brandt. The nine other pews iu the front of 
tiie church are owned by Joel Finney, Miles M'R Saw- 
yer, H. iJ.Kstwic-k, Young, Albert P Cole 
William Stacy. Ira Henderson, Noriis McKiuney an.I 
>\iniam J.. Cutting;. Tlu-u iu the body of the di-uv'- 


jiiSTouY OF \vt:srr<nrr 


r.aniabas Mvricl:, linos Lovel;ni«1, (-tiilcon H;\itUiion(l, 
I!ilnuu)il J. Stnitli, Calvin An^jier, George B. lioyutilds, 
.l..nathan Nichols, TillinoljMst Cole, Piatt lloger.^ 
Ifalstead, Abner Slancfjitcr, Xeuton iiays, Daiius ^ler- 
li.iii), C'ahiu ITanuiioiid, Willi.-Jin Olds, Dependence 
Nichols, Klijah Angior. Alonzo Shm^dilev. A. l>arlf r, 
Hammond iV' ^IcLeod. Ralph ]voveland, I). Angier A' 
Smhs, Dan H. Kent, Joel 13. Jinney, Caleb V. Cole. 
.!an)es ]N^oKinney, Aaron B. Mack, Douglass A: Allen, 
Mr. Hubbard, Charles B. Hatch. Dr. Kanney, Charles 
Hatch, William Viall, Jabez Frisbie, Luther Angier, E. 
]'>. Nichols. Each j)ew -was considered the property of 
th(( person who bou<:(ht it, and the {.-rices varied accord- 
ing:; to the desirability of the situation, the highest bei ng 
two at S90 each, owned by Norris IMcKinuey ;ind Wil- 
liam .]. Cutjing, to half a dozen, mostly marked "Bap- 
tist Church," vidned at ^30. The sum total of value of 
;dl the ]>evvs was s 1000.. These uames are uot all those 
<'f members of the Baptist church. For instance, the 
1 bitches .'dl belonged to ihe Methodist church, but 
I'liuglit pews in the other church because thev were 
Milling to hei[) both societies. Neither were all these 
men living at the time, since we know Dan Kent, Enos 
Eovthuid and Barnabas M.yrick were dead, but the pews 
were still held in their names. A siiiiilar list of pew- 
liolders in the other churches at this tin)e would lie of 
great interest, but I have not been .able to obtain them. 
This year the M. E. church built a iu*w })arsonagt', 
directly north of the church, wliich was in use until the 
pre.sejit ojie was built jjj l^S'J. 'J'he old p.irsoDfmo jjow 


^in iiisTom' OF wKSTrour 

stands at the wcriterr. end of the bridi^e, and is ov^ne.i 
by ]Mr>^. John Touhey. The committee upou building | 
the parsonage, whicli had been appointed four years s 
before thi.v, consisted of Wiiham Melntyre, Andrew j 
Frisbie, E. Ilolcomb, John Greely and Aaron Clark. 

In connection with t)ie subject of travel it is interest- 
ing to Jiote a table of prices for this period, from which 
it appera-s that one coald '^\o from New York to Albauv 
on a lu-st-class steamer for titty cents; from Albany tu 
Whitehall, seventy-seven miles, on steamer and packet, 
for one dollar and thirteen cents; from "Whitehall to St 
John's, one hundred miles by steamer, tweuty-tivr 
cents; from St. John's to LaPrairie, fifteen miles, by 
railway, fifty cents, and from LaPrairie to Montreal. 
nine miles by steamer, fifty cents. 


Town Meetin»:at H. J. Per.sou. 

lleuajab P. Dou^rlass. vSupervLsor. 

William n. Holeorab. Clerk. 

Thomas Walton, Justice. 

Asa P. ilamrnond. Town Su[ieviuteudent of Couiuujr 

Ira Downey. Collector. 

Aaron U. Mack was elected Asses-sor for three years, 
M. Mitchell ivv two years and Andrew Frisbie for one 
year. This is the lirst time that the board of Asse.sscii-> 
was so form-'d that one menAber should be cbang-ed every 

Jason RramuQ was elected Plli^liwav (Commissioner for 
ti)ree years, William Melntyre for two years and Hinkley 
Coll for one vear. 

David [T. Savre, David S. Mef^eod. P.oderick R. Pdsio^^. 
Inspeetors of Election. 

Albert P. Cole and Benjamin Hardy, Poor Masters. 
* Tra Downey, James M. ,Mef.a u, Charles fl. Etldy. Urr 
ace l'"i^h, Cou.-.t.ali!es. 

n/sro/n' nr westpout -ui 

Dun S. Cuttiucr. S.'aU'f of Wei<rhts imd Mini-.ui-(\s. 

l'at,biuiistc>r.s.— Ttiomus Wiiltuu. Alexander Stfvi-nson. 
.1, Lilies W. Coll. Levi Frisbie. Albert \\ Cole. Elijah Xew- 
.11. William McJtJtyre. Eleazar 11. Raunoy. Elijah An.irier. 
(ieofi^'e W. Sturtevant, Fratieis fhiiriv, Ivl-A-ard Coltjuru. 
JoflK. Ercnob. Dyor S. Hill. EiihiMiin lUill. ,Ir.. Nai-vev 
.v:nith. A!)rani S!aa<:bter. Smith, D. .\J. Howard, 
.•^tiikeiy H Stacy. J)<)rr .M. Howard, i^zekiel J^anj^burii. ]•". 
.\la->on. ITmpbrcy Shei-man. Abram Hreeiey. E. HubL>ard. 
.Si'woll Cuttintr. Willard Hartwell. Orriu Skinner, .John 
-Stone. RuTus Barr. .Ziba Howard. 

In December a new road was laid out near Hrainard's 
l".)ri,'e '•tbrougb land.x of Deliverance Nichols. DyerS. Hill 
.111(1 Lewis. " 

Kuad distric-t Xo. lo was changed to run from '"towr. 
line at M. i*. WhaHoa"s north-east coi'uei' to the line of 
Eutber An<iier s farm." 

This^vear the three men who were elected County Su- 
|>rrintendents of the Poor w^re H. J. I'ersonsand Wiiliani 
L Merriam of Westi'ort. and Eli W. I^^^^im's of Whallous- 

In May there was a .=;pecial Tf;wn ^Meetin^ to vote 
ii|un) (lie qne-sticii of giviiiL^' licenses to liquor sellers. 
'i his was ajiparentl\' the iiist time tiiat the ]K)iiit Inul 
.-trispii. There \\-eie cast 20") votes, of which l-iO were 
for ''Xo Liofiise," ami 11 f! for "License." This sliows 
a ^reat change iu public opinion in thclast fifteen ^■ears. 

Tljis aiid the next occurred the Mtwican War, luit it 
seenis.not to liave stiDorl a ripj^le o]i the calm waters 
<'f Westport society. I have heard that Mr. Waiter 
Koot served in that war, Imt do nr.t know whether he 
was a citi/.en <►*' Westport at that time. 

There was a new school hriusi- huilt. at Wadhams. 
Nvhich is .^.till in use, and it was of future importance t*. 
<is that thi< year the first sewing tuachine was perfected, 
.Ithoijyh it u as ii^ii <.»r tifti'on ve.'irs be.*'ure the lirst on^'^ 


44."^ II I ST 1! Y OF WHSTPOirr 

WM.'^ bi'ouuljt into tliis town. 'JMiis w;is also tlio tiiai' 
wlieu thr(3e-cout posta^^e was adopted, a (;l]an<i;i.' imme- 
diately an'octing evoi-y iudividiial. 

Town Meeting at Fl. J. J-*ersuD. 

Juba flutch J.iovv, Supervisor. 

William D. Holcomb. Clei-k. 
- Samuel lioot and David S. MeLeod, Justices. 

Ira Dowuey, Collector. 

Abram M. Olds, Town Super iuteudeut of Schools. 

Andrew Fri.sbie. Assessor. 

Arcbibald Pattersou, Hi^rhway Commissioner. 

Daniel W. T^raman. Joseph R. Delauo, David R. Wooil 
rutV. Inspectors oi I'Llectiou. 
' Albert \\ Cole and Joel F. Whitney, Po(^r Masters. 

Ira Downey. I..oyal A. Baxter, Charles II. Eddy, Husc;!. 
iloward and Anson C. Ro^s,'ers, Constables. 

Samuel i{. Farnsworlh, Sealer of Wei^^htsand Measui-es. 

Pathmasters. — Thomas Walton. Alexander Stevenson, 
James \Y. Coll. Archibald Patterson. Albert P. Cole. Wll- 
lard Frisbie. William H. Mclntyve, James [Marshall. Henry 
lioyec. Geoi-ije W. Sturtevaul, Daniel French, Joel P. 
Whitney. A. Finney, Geor^re Skiuner, Samuel Storrs, Jus- 
tin Harris. Marous J. Huism^tou, Albei't Strioi;ham. 
Luihev R. Hainuiond. Dennis B. Stacy, Dorr W. Howani. 
Orlain Stock well, Julius W. Ferris. Moses Felt. Abran.>- 
Greelev. Liei>nard Taylov^. Sewall Cutting, Julius N'aughan. 
Orria Skinner, John Stone, T>evi Atwood. Ziba Iloward. 

• In April theio was a special election^ hek) at tlo^ 

same, to decide a.^aiii uix)ii the liquor question 

This time there were 31i> vi>tes, of which 191 were for 

■'Liceusu'" ;uid \'1~> for "No License." This reversal of 

tlie decision of the lu-eeijdiu;..^ year shows intense ai^i- 

tation uf tlu^ tpiestion. 

]NLr. S. Wheatoi) Cole write-? me thus ai>out this yeai- :. 

"I was tiacluu;^ l\fty-tw< > ye;!.rs ;i,;^o the wuitcv "'. 


in STORY OF wr.srroirr -/-/.v 

the north side of tlie bridge. The l)rick school h(jaso 
stood near the residouoo of !\Lr. William Olds, thf l)lack- 
srnith. liev. Thomas Lrandt was ])astor of tlio ]'»aptist 
«;harch, liev. Poiuoro}' of the M. E. church. The tJier- 
cliants were B. R Douglass on the north side, John H. 
Low, C. B. Hatch and Son, ^Yalker Eddy, William 
Bichards aud Harvey Pierce ou the south side. Lake 
Chauipluiu was covered with sailing vessels and steam- 
ers tlien; there is scarcely one seen to-day. The entire 
countr}- is cleared of its forests. The lake liad good 
< locks aud warehouses in every town, to-day there are 
hut ft?w. Chango is written on everything in th.e east, 
yet I love to visit it." 

Miss Augusta Ketit was also teaching at this time, a 
primary school in one room of the Academy. 

The Bev. Benjamin Pomeroy was not stationed here 
■IS preacher until the years LS-19 anrl 1850. In 1847 
Bcv. William W. Pierce was }>astor of the M. E. church, 
aud in ISIS Bev. D. P. Hulburd. At this time the pas- 
tor of llie Congreg.itional church was the Bev. Charles 
.Si>ooner, who remained thirteen years, from 1841 to 


Town MijetinLfat H. J. PtM'sou's. 

William .1. Cuttiii.!:. Sup'-rvisor. 

Samuel 11. Fanissvorth. Clerl:. 

Juliii II. \j>)\\ and William D. Ilok-oaii), Justice^;. 

Daniel W. (Jraman, Town SLipi-rinteudent of S;-bools. 

Ira DowufV, Collector. 

Cieo. Skinrier, Assessor. 

.John Greely, Hi^jliwav Conunissioner. 

Joci F. WlAluev and .\il)crt P. Cui-', I'cor Masl'T.-,. 


4:10 iiisTOh'y or wrsrroin' 

"Williatii 1\ .Mei-riam aud Kdiiiuiid J. Smith, rn'^])ectors 
C'f Election. 

Ira Duwiicy. Nathan Slau;^4itof, llat-ry N. Cole, Dorr W. 
Howard. Anson C. Kogcrs, Constal)les. 

J'^i't'oborii ]]. Paj^a"?, Sealer of \\\u;,djt.s and .Measures. 

Diodorus l.foloonib ap].>ointL'(i luspcctor of Eleetion by 
the Town lloard. 

Pathmaslor.s.- -Thomas "Walton, llinklev Coll, Jarnes W. 
Coll, Noel Merrill, Samuel W. Cole. Willard Frisbie. John 
Greely, William P. Merriam, James I^]arshall, Elijah Aq- 
;.'-icr, Coorpe W. SturtevatU, Jason J^ratnan. Joseph R. 
Delano, Joel K. French, R. Woodruff. Alvin iiurt. Johnson 
Hill, J. Nichols, Jr., David Smith, Dorr M. Howard, Hiram 
Stacy, Fiobert Doty. Horace ^oodspeed, Julius W. Ferris. 
Orrin Cronk, Lorenzo GibDs. Geor>{e Bennett, D. L. Allen. 
J. H. Finnev, Orrin Skinner, James Fortune, W. Tuus- 
dall, H. Howard. 
'Geor^re Skinner api.winted assessor. 

Miles M'F. Sawyer ap[)ointed Inspector of Election in 
])laco of Diodorus Holeonib, who I'efnsed to accept. 

At this town meeting the voiers all protested against a 
reported petition which was to be ^n-esented to the Legis- 
lature by the town of Essev, praying that "one mile wide 
of Westport"' should be set off into Essex. This protesi- 
\v'd Vote seems to have been siitllcient for the purpose in- 
tended, as the Supervisor was instructed to send a copy 
of the protest to our Representative at Albanv. 

A highway was laid out. upon application of Franklin 
H. Cutting and others, '"through lauds of the late Barna- 
bas iNlyrick and of Franklin H. Cutting, beginning eighty 
tlu'ee links north of the building formerly occu]ned for a 
Hat Shop t^y Dan H. Kent, (who died two years before. > 
ruuniug thence east nearly tc> the old stone mill, thence 
south until it intersects the highway leading from Frank- 
lin H. Cutting's store easterly to the lake." 

A road was applitid for by Jonathan Nichol.^. to be laid 
out •"through lands cf the late John Chandler. Calviii 
Hammond, Charles Hammond, and Dennis and Joseph 
Stacy." Mention is made of ""the late Gideon Hamuiond. " 
and of a '"house being liuiit by Dennis Stacy. " 

Town' Meeting adjourned ""to the Hotel of Ira HendL-r. 
sou," which was kept by nis son-in-law, William iiicharcis. 

Tl'.is year came Mr. aiul ]Mr.-.. Francis L, i.t-e. t'roni 

jfisTom' or WL'STJ'O/rr ^r,i 

3M->ston anJ built the house which tlioy callc-J "Stouy 
Sides" on a hill north of the vilUige, ovedooking the 
lake. Mr. Lee was accustomed to give as liis reason 
lV)r building liere that he luid traveled through all parts 
of the habitable globe, and had never found a spot with 
a finer prospect nor with more natural advantages for 
a home. His taste for landscape gardening' w-as fully 
indulged in tlie care which hu bestowed upon the sur- 
roundings of liis house, and many a garden and door- 
vard in the village was also improved liy his advice, 
and by the gift of bulbs and flowering shrubs which 
still blossom every year to his memory. Henceforth 
thx) family spent their summers here, and the winters 
in Boston, or in travel. There were three sons and three 
daughters, Francis W., Thomas, Robert, who died when 
a child, !Mary, afterward Mrs. Matthew Halo of Albany, 
Alice and Anne. There are now ten grandchildren : 
Mrs. Hale's children are Elkn, Matthew, Mary, Robert 
and Dorothy, and Mr. Francis W. Lee's are Mary, Guy 
Hunter, Isabella, Alice and' Susan. 

A year or so before tliis time Mr. Francis H. Jackson 
of Boston, already connected with the Port Henry Iron 
Company, had bought the Sisco farm, on the sliore of 
the bay, about a mile north of Hatch's wharf. This was 
a beautiful spot, with a wooded point enclosing a tiny 
bay, and commanding a wide \ iew of the lake to the 
southward. Hen^ on the point he built his house, and 
iu 184:8 completed one of the-tinest irou furnaces ever 
■^kien upon the lake. It is said to have cost one hundred 
thoui.and dollar.-, and with the well-known ingratitude 

4.yj Jiisrom' of wksti'OUT 

■^o ofttMi found in costly l.iuilJings, never vt-tunKHl to its 
buiklers oiif-tontli of tlie ]>vi(.'c. Mr. Jackson called it 
the Sisco furnace, after the natue of the people who 
hatl lived so lon^ on the place, and the little bay has 
always been called the Sisco bay. A dozen workmen's 
jionses, a largo house for the book-keeper, offices, a 
store and a. long row of gi;int coal kilns, with a wharf 
fcir the boat-i of the company, made np a village of per- 
haps a hundred souls, and it was soon given the popu- 
lar name of "Jacksonville." There was never a post- 
oflicc there, but the place had a mail-bag of its own. 
The writer carno upon a bit of liumor in a recent Bos- 
ton story called "A Family Affair" which will be cpiite 
as well aj)]Meciated in \\'estport as it could be in Bos- 
ton : "There are Jacksons and Jacksons. As every- 
body knows, aiany, pc'ssibly most of those who bear 
that title might as well have been called Jones or Rob- 
inson; on the other hand J. am told that certain Massa- 
chusetts families of that name will, on solicitation, ad- 
mit it to be th.'ir belief that Eve was a Cabot and Adam 
a Jackson." ^Ve may pride ourselves that it was not 
an ordinary Jackson, but one of the last named Gar- 
den-of-Edcn Jacksons, of the first families of Boston, 
ivhd gave the name to Jacksonvil!e-iu-Northwest-Bay. 

Watson says : "The motive power of the Sisco fur- 
nace was steam, and its prorbicts pig iron. 'J'he or*., 
used was chielly from tlie Cheever bed, and ifi part 
from a bed two or three miles west of the village of 
Westpovt, and owned by the proprietors of the fur- 
nace." Th;.-; liK-ans the rv.Hi'e liill mine, iullie muunt- 

iiJSToiiY OF WFSTro/rr -io.i 

.liii just west of the Mouutaiu Spring road, back of thf3 
McMiihon place. Tins ore bed was opeued soon after 
tbat at Xichols Poud called the Campbell bed. The 
ore was soon found to be titanifci-ous, and therefore 
not available for use in the furnace, but large quantities 
of the Morlah ore were manufactured. Says Watson : 
"In 18-17 Lee ct Sherman effected a sale of twenty 
thousand tons to F. 11. Jackso}i of the Siseo furnace at 
"Westport. This was the first sale made of ore to be 
used in fuiiiace.-^." Charles Hatch, writing at about 
this time, say.s proudly, "We now find ourselves situ- 
ated in a pleasant Tillage of about one thousand in- 
habitants, plentifull}- supplied with all the necessaries 
of life and many luxuries, having now a variety of fac- 
tories, among (jthers a furnace which makes from 
six to nine tons of iron per day." This must have been 
its maximum production, and one not steadil}- main- 
tained for the eight or nine years in which the furnace 
remained in the ]>ossession of Mr. Jackson. In 1S57 
the property passed out of his liands, but I believe that 
the family had returned to Boston before that time, 
tiie house being occupied for several years by Mr. 
Ralph A. Loveland, who had charge of the business. 
Before this, ^Ir. Silas H. Witherbee of Fort Henry was 
manager aud Mr. Victor C. Speucer book-keeper. Af- 
terward the property was owned by George W. GoiV, 
who resided in the village. 

It was at this period, not long after the opening of 
the Sisco furnace, that the old forge site on the upper 
J31ae-k river Avas again built upon. This had l)ee)i the 

454 iiisTom' OF WL'STroirr 

scene of tlie first operutious of Jonas ]Mov<:,'an, botweon 
the time of his reccivinji^ the hiiger pateut from the state 
in 179'J, and the year 1S07. He built his forge on the 
Elizabethtown side of the river, "nearly opposite the 
Ira Daniels farm house," as J am told by an old resi- 
dent of the Black river country. Later he sold the 
forge to Jacob Southwell, and not long after tlie con- 
clusion of the v^ar of 1812 the property was owned by 
Captain John Lobdell. Barnabas Myrick had also an 
interest hoie, ])roba\)ly in partnership with Captain 
Lobdell, and 1 think ran a saw mill at this phice. The 
freshet of 1830 wrought grt^at damage, and it is not 
certain that tljere was any business done here at all 
from that time until Guy Meigs''- came not long pre- 
vious to 1850. He rebuilt the forge on the old site, 
^\ ith a saw mill and his own dwelling house on the op- 
posite or Westport side of the river, and here for a time 
he gave employujent to a number of men, but in one of 
the frequent dei)ressions in the iron business he suf- 
fered considerable loss, and eoncludtd to try his for- 
tunes once more in the vrest. He left town in 1855, and 
since then there has been no iron made at the place 

»Guy Meiifs came of tliat old and honora*>le Alei^s family which has supplied 
orficers to every war ot the Uniied States. Majar Return Jor.uthm Mfif,'s wen', 
with Arnold to Ouebcc in 1775, and there joining- Montgomery, participated in the 
attack upon Quehec, and was taken prisoner in the failure of the assault. Guy 
Meigs (horn 1817, died 1SS5) was th-.- oldest son of Capl;iin I.utlier Meigs, a soldier 
of tlie war of iSii, and grandson of l^T.j.tinin Stone Meigs, one of the pion- 
eers of northern Vermont. Eight towiiS and one county, besides at least two forts, 
have been named after members of this -Meigs family, and the mountain hamlet ivn 
the lonely couise of ti'.e Black river nixy well keep its title for the sake of these 


tl'.iit luis been called for fifty years "Meigsville." Tho 
^a^v i)n"ll has been in operation of late years, o\vnt.'<l by 
James E. Patten. 


Tou-n Meeting,' at tlio Ian of Williarn KicLards. 

William JI. Cultint,', Supervisor. 

Freeboru H. Pa^^e, Clerk. • ' ;, 

Jason ]Jrauiau_. Justice. 

Barton P. Hammond, Collector. 

Aaron H. Mack, Assessor. 

1). P. Savre. Pii^hwav Commissioaer. 

Aari)n Clark and D. .Sjanstield Howard, Poor Masters. 

Miios ^^P. Sawyei', Penjatnin P. Holcomb. H. K. Smitii. 
Pispectors of Election. 

h-a Downey, Nathan Slaii^rhter. Harry N. Cole. Barton 
P. Hammond, A. C. Po^rers, Constables. 

Alvin Davis, Scaler of Wei^j^hts and Measures. 

J'atbmasters. — Thomas Walton, Hinkley Coll, Samuel 
lioot. Noel Merrill. William Joiner. Asa Loveland, William 
liichards. Darius .slerriam, James Marshall, ^lontgumery 
Pike Whallon. Henry Betts. Titus M. Mitchell Benjamin 
I lardy. Asa Finney, David R. \Voodruri. \\'iUiam Pawrence. 
Harvey Smith, Marcus J. Hoisinj<ton. Aiouzo Slau^rhter, 
Piatt Sheldon, Jonathan Nichols. John Ormistoti. Horace 
<roodspccd, Francis Mason, Orrin B. Cronk. Abran) Gree- 
iy, William C. West, Pindjcu Brown, Peonard "Wares, D. 
M. Nichols. John Stone. Edwin Truesdall. Myron Chappell. 

VoY the tirst time we find it recorded that voters were 
challen^'cd and obli;L,'ed to swear that they were legal vo- 
ters in Westport. Six men were challenofed and took the 
reijuired oath: Electo Dupree, John Miller. William Wil- 
son. James Pi-anard. Chandler Dutton, H. N. Tabor. 

Town Mectini: adjourned to \\. J. Person's. 

Noel Merrill was afterward appointed Collector in placo 
uf B. B. Hammond, who had moved away. 

This reminds us tliat this year and the next saw tlie 
departure of all the family of the Hammonds, l^eacon 
(iide<m Haijimond had died iu 1810, and his widow and 

4:>fj uisroin' OF wkstpout 

eliiUlri'ii soon decidod to eiui;:;rute to tJie wt'st. Neigh- 
bors of theirs in the western part of the town, tlie Xieh- 
ols, Sloughters and Staey's, with soujo others, took part 
in the general exodus, and they all settled in or near 
Camnnche, Iowa, on the ^Mississippi river. This ruaJe 
a little Bai)tist colony, and there a new clun'ch was 
formed, containing between twenty and thirty original 
members Jroin the Westport Bai^tist church. 

Notwithstanding the attraction of tlie new lands of 
the west, which drew away a large nuniber c»f our best 
citizens, young men were coming in from all directions 
to take u]) business enterprises. John C. Osborne, a 
^■Qung Englisliman, o]>ened a harness shop, J. Nelson 
Barton,^ coming from Crown Point, was a carriage ma- 
ker, Peter P. Bacon, from St. Pierre, P. Q., soon opened 
a shoe sliop, and William Douglass a blacksmith shop. 
Mr. Osborne afterward built the large house just north 
of the Armor^v. His children were George, who has 
continued his father's business after the death of 
the latter, Maria, who married John Gregory, and 
John, afterward Governor of Wyoming, and owner of 

•One interesting fact about the Essex County Bartons is that they are desctndcJ 
from one of the Salem witches— that is, from one of the unfortunate womt-n who 
were accused, of witchcraft at Salun in i7c>S. Sarali Cloy>c was accustrd, 
tried and sentenced to be hun^-, but escaped froui prison and was 
hidden by her friends. She had two siiters who were hung- for the crime of witch- 
craft. Her diughtcr by her first hush.ind, Hannah Brid^'es, inarried Samuel Bar- 
ton, and tlie line co;iies down through Joshua, Timothy and Timothy Slow to 
Simon, who came to Moriah in iSii. Simon Barton's wife was Olive Cary, daugh- 
ter of John, and sixth in direct descent from the orisfinal immiirrant John Carv, 
who came of the line of Sir Robert Cary, Brave stories are told of Sir Robtrl, hut 
^\e do not love hitn as we love ^rent'e Good wife Cloyse, who suffered such Uitttr 
IH-'.fC'-.ulion;. at the h.\'id> of fie S ilcin witi:h hunters. 

iiisToin' OF \vrsT/'()/rr 


large cattle rar.clies in tliat statr. Mr. EiluarJ Os- 
Imrno, brother of John 0;^boiue, Senior, came to AVest- 
]>()rt later, after the war. 

3Ir. ]>acon marrie'l Louise Joubtat, and their chib 
(lienvere: 1. Eliza, nia)-ried Corr(t4ius lUauin^tMH. 2. 
bla, niai'ried John ]McConuick of Ticondrro^T.t, :j. 
I'-inina, married Dr. Charles Holt, son of Augustus l*. 
Moll. I. iMarie, married IlariT I*. Sn:ith, uoav maua- 
j^i-r of the Westport Inn. 5. Osite, married Jcdiu H. 
JiOw, sou of Edwiii B. Lou. 

~Mv. Douglass, (not, ] think, I'elated to the l'an;il_v of 
Kbenezer Douglass,) married Marion Havens, daughter 
of Asahel Ha\eMs. Their family rectad is a mournful 
one of early deaths. Clarence died as a child, James 
and Walter in their teens. Alice iiiarried Orcelius 
Olds, Chu-ii married Will Cross, and Lottie mariieil 
A\'ill Ciirey., and all died young. 'J'hree sons, Carlos, 
Will and Ben, ore .stilJ livijig in 11k- west, with thuir 

This year and the next M)-. George ^^^ (Jlotl^' was 
Mcmbei- of Assembly. To Mr. Goil' is giveii the credit 
of etl'ecting .the uev.- division V;etweeu We.-tport anul 
Morrah^ by "which -the southern boundary of Gillijand's 
lit-ssboro was made the southern bouuda,ry of the town. 
This -ehangc gave the Cheever ore bed, then just devel- 
oping in importance, t(» Mi»riah. Aaron lb 31ack was 
sherifi' of the count}- b;r this i.ind the iuo following 

lu 1819 were built the first Vermont railroads, run- 
-•liu'r north and ^outb tUroui-'h the stati.-. on H-ach siib- 

4oS Hisroh'Y OF WEsrroirr 

of tlio Green luountaius. Tlius the Cli.-iaiplaiu valley 
first oclioed to tljo shriek of the iron horse, and thr 
dwellers on the wesu-rn shore tirst saw the white {nilT of 
steam against the inountains as they looked across the 
lake. Not for twenty-seven years did we have a rail- 
road on this side of the lake which Meut through froiii 
Albany to Montreal. 

In 1S-J1>^or'.;anizeil the first L'ssox County Agri- 
cultural .Society, in Keeseville, wliere the first fair w;i?; 
- held. From 1850 to ISGo the annual fair was held in 
Elizabethtown, and since then it has been held in West- 
port. This is also the year in which a most remarka- 
ble figure a})peared in Essex county, and was frequently 
seen at the county fair for the next five or six vears, 
driving t\ll the way from the high mountain plateau of 
North Elba tine blooded cattle for exhibitiou. The re- 
port of the Society for 1850 refers to "a number (jf very 
choice and beautiful Devons from the herds of Mr. John 
]-5)(»\vn, residing in one of our mo.->t remote and secludeil 
towns." 'ihis v/as n.jn* other than 'John Erov.ii of 
Ossawatomie," who died ten yeai's afterward at Har- 
per's Ferry. He ^vas often seeu in Westport, going 
and coming on his many journeys, and was looked U])oii. 
as an eccentric person with an absurd idea of estaltlish- 
ing a colony of free negroes iin. tlie free/ing. climate oi 
^orth Elba,. 


insToin' OF ]VKSTrouT 450 

Town Mcetiiij,' belci at the ]un of Fi. J. Persou's. 

Hal])h A Lovcland. Sii[ierv;sor. 

P.artou B. Richards. Clerk. 

.David S. MeLeod, Justice. 

Andrew Frisbie. JoLiu II. r>ou and John 1v. .Merrian), 

Noel Merrill, Ct>llector. 

S. \V. Cole, Siiporiutendent of Coininou Schools. 

Samuel Root, Hit^hway Commissioner. 

D. M. Howard. L. \V.' Pollard. Poor Musters. 

Aaron Clark. \\ 11. Sayre. David R. Woodrurt'. Inspec- 
tors of I'^lei-tlon. 

Noel Merrill. J. F. Whitney. Ira Dowuey, D. M. Hov/jrd. 
1>. B. Stacy, Constables. 

Alvin Davis. Sealer of Weights and Measures. 

Road district No. 1 dropi.jcd. since it^ ten-itury now be- 
in mrs to Moriab. 

Pathma.sters.— Hinkley Coll. Benjamin Warren. Andrew 
Frisl)ie, Lorrin Cole, Loveland". William S'lail. Darius 
-Merriam. James Marshall. Cvrus Royee. Henry Betts A- 
K. Wadhams. Benjamiii Warren, Syl\'ester Youni/. Jared 
iioodall, William Laurence, Johnson Hill, Marcus J. Hoi.->- 
inirton. Aloui'-o Slaughter, Dennis Person, Ed wa'.'d Harper, 
J.>hn Orm.iston. Orsoc Stockwell. Lee Prouty, AbraniSher- 
niaji. William Bennett.- Joel B. Finney, Depondance Nich- 
ols. John Stone. Edwin Trusdall, Jol/n Mdiei-. 

Aaron B. Mack havini^ been elected SheriR of the County, 
rtsi^'ued his otl.'ce as Assess')r. 

lu 1850 the towuship uuinV>c.reil 2J'52 in population, 
u number never siuce equaled. The furnace at Jaek- 
si-)nville employeLl iriaoy men iu every capacity, ;inJ all 
through the back country v.ooil cutters had couje iii t<> 
•cut and drav.- the wood for its use. All kin Is of Inisi- 
iiess ]>n>spered. D. L. Allen esteuded his wharf ;i 
liuudred feet farther into the lake to aecouiuiodate thc 
increaseJ shipping, and' the chances are that if the 
place had been to name a<zaiu at this time it would lune 
.''cou .Sou.jctb!.UL'-or-otJi..;r-opolis. 


400 J [[STORY OF ]yj:sT/'0[rr 

Xow Jenny Liml was sirigiijg i)i Now York, and lier 
fame drew a number of Westport pei')ple to the citj- to 
liear ber. I know the name of but one who went tliron^di 
hike, canal and river, on a packet boat, to the metrop- 
olis, and that one was Mr?. Miles M'F. Sawyer, who 
visited at Dr. Eauuey's and came back with many a 
traveler's tale aiul notes uj^ou the hdesfc fashious. Tijeu 
women wore great hoops, over.-[H'e;id with voluniiuous 
gathered skirts, tight bodices with belts, large fiowiitg 
sieeves.ofteu with lace or embroidery under-sleeves, and 
wide fiat collars of lace or neodle-work which lay 
Hat ujion their shoulders, encircling the base of the 
neck. Tiie shoulder seams of the bodices were uncon- 
scionably long, and the hair was worn coa)bed 
smoothly down over the ears and coiled in a knot at tlie 
back, the ideal of perfection being a satiu-smooth sur- 
face, without a stray hair floating. The bonnets v.ere 
not so large as those worn in the thirties, but were still 
often "poke" in shaj<e, of the kind called "cottage bon- 
net.'' And vei-y nic<* oar grandmothers looked in hoops 
and mantilla, with black mitts covering all but the lin- 
gers of their hands, as they sailed up the church aisle 
of a Sunday. It t jok both grace and genius to manage 
a hoop well, and get it gracefully througli narrow doors, 
l>ut surely nothing dis[)layed a rich dress fabric to bet- 
\ter advantage. At this time changeable silks were much 
in favor, and the shimmering breadths, billowing out 
from a ^lendcr waist, were very pretty. When Mar- 
garet Angier married Harvey Pierce she had a red and 
grtcu chaugeabh- .-,illv for a \vijd'_liug ^ir^ss, and it was 



oarofully laid away to bo shown to tlir geiuM'ations 
following, My grandmother used to wear a wide-flow- 
ing dress made of what they called "Mexican grena- 
dine," a soft gray ground with green and puiph' flowers, 
and over this she spread a niantilki of changeuhle h\\\o 
and green silk, triomied with "milliner's fv>lds" c>i the 
same, laid on with the most exquisite stitches. The 
earliest daguerreotypes show many of these cc^stumes. 


Town Mcetini^ at the Inn of IT. J. Person's. 

BoDJatnin W'urren, Super'viscr. 

Barton B. i-liebards, Clerk. 

William D. Holcomb, Justice. 

John L. Mcrriam. Assessor. 

Aaron Clark, Collector. 

Jared Goodale, Highway Coauuissioucr. 

D. M. Howard and L. \V. Pollard, Overseers of the Poor. 

Benjamin V. Holcomb. David S. McLeod, Cyrus \V. 
liicbards. Inspectors of Election. 

Ira Downev, Perrin J. Aini'cr, Richaid Brown. Aaron 
Clark, Dennis B. Stacy, Constables. 

Alvin Davis, Sealer of Wei.s^bts and Measures. 

Parliinasters.- Hinkley Coll, B. I. Warren. i-Teury Vv\^- 
bie. A. P. Cole. Asa Loveiaud. William Mclutvre, Joseph 
.hunes. Saunel Anderson, Henry Boyce, Henry Belts, 
I'^lijah WriLfht, Benjamin Hardy, Sylvester Young, Rus- 
seil Wooc^rutY, Royal Storrs. Johnson Hill, Jonathan Nich- 
ols, Leonard Averv. YLW Wood. Warren Pooler, Alvin 
I3urt. Orson Stock well, Luman Hubbard. Titus Sherman, 
>^tevou Jackwofth. Leonai-d Taylor, Charles Vaughan. 
Orrin Skinner, James FortuiK\ Kdward Tru.sdaie, John 

Two men challenged. Loreuz.) B. Nichols and Krastus 

\'oted to raise .^l.'iO.Olj for support of the poor. 

it is hard to tell from the meagre accounts left of the 
existence of tlie Essex Countv Ae.-ideniv, liow Ion:; it 


■i02 IllSTOh'Y OF WLSTJ'Oirr 

reiDaiiHMl tlie L.-adin-" schoc)! in the county, but we are. 
inclincil to tliink that its tlrsl. tlays were jx'ihaj^s its l.»est, 
at least so far as the eilneatiou of the older class of 
academic students is cotieenied. About 1850 or ISol 
there were young i)eo[)le sent aAvay to private boardini: 
schocfls in Vermont, as Phebe and Piatt Sawyer were 
sent tu Jjakerstield, aiid a little later their brother li'v- 
iug was Heiit to the school in Fairfax, Vt. Miss W'il- 
-lard's famous scJiool for girls in Troy was uo longer 
open, Miss Willard, I think, being engaged in visiting 
other female seminaries, both uorth and south, and lec- 
turing upon C'ducation. Some of the Westport youtli 
were sent to the Academy at Keeseville, and ther-' 
Alonzo Alden studied from 1851 to 1S53. It was not 
uncommon for the girls to be sent to the convent sehotjls 
in Montreal, in spite of the rigid Protestantism Mhich 
prevailed, for a ceit;iin dainty tlnish -avA demureness 
of manner wliich was ac(piired there, together with tli-' 
,.incomparal>le needle-work which was. taught. 

Looking ovei- a sheaf of old letters, 1 tind one from 
Klias Sturtovaut to, his son John in Gasport, dated, 
Westport, April 7, iSol, in which he gives this, with 
other bits ot new.-. : "Mr. Hunter has built a steam saw- 
mill at Piock Harbour and s<.)ld it to Moses Felt fur 
^5000 with oOO- acres of land." It was this mill which 
ate away all the magniticent first-growth pine of North 
Sh(;re, which was rafted away by v.ater. The forest 
which now. covers it is. 1 a.av told, all a second, jrrowtb. 

iiisToin' OF wicsrroirr . 4<;3 

Town Moctiii'^r at 11. J. Persuu s. 

I>iiniel ^\'. Mra!!i;ui. SniH'!-. 

I^arton R. Kicluifds. Clerk. 

Pbiueas N. Hartv\'eiLSuperiiiti'U(.ieat()f ('otiinion ScbDoLs. 

.\<a Aikcn.-^ iind (?_vriis \V. lliclujrds, .Justices. 

llarrs J. Person. Assessor. ■ 

William Piichards. Highway Coinniissionor. 

Dennis B. Stac>-. Collector. 

I'cter F»M-ris and Renjaniin P. flMlcimh. Pnw Mastevs. 

Miles M'P. Sawyer. David K. W'oudiull vnd i''fi'oborti 
II. Paj^e. iDspertors. 

Dennis B. ^taey. Ira Downey, Aaron Clark, liiehard 
ProwD. J^ew \V. Pollard. Constables. 

il.-nry H. Holeoiub, Sealer of \Vei<;Ltsand Measures. 

i'atuniaster.^. — Hinkley Coll. Israel Pattis^n, Arc-liibald 
Pattison, Aucjustus Flolt. Asa Lo.velaud. William Melntyre. 
Darius Merriam. Janjes Marsiiall. Klijab Anjjier. Ceori/e 
W. Stiirti'vaut, Jasiju Praman. ,Iue! Wliitiu'y. Ar/.i J-'inufy, 
.\rteinas Martvreli. Joshua Sla.uLdUer. Johnson Mill. John 
P. Nichols. Asa Smith. Piatt Sdeldon, Horace Atwood. 
JmIid Orniston. Joseph Atwo.iJ. Julius Pen-is. Orren 
<'i-onk. Stoven Jackworth. Orreii Tavlor. Tieonard Wares, 
J^ M. Nietjols. John Stonr. KJu-rd Trucsdalo. John 

.Adjourned to th.' ! im df Williani Richards. 

AVhatever. the eariy history of Fice ]\ias<.iirv in 
^Vest{)ort. it is certain tliat the liresent lodnc was eslali- 
lislied ill 18o"2 hy reconiiueiKlati<ui of Morniiif;; Bun 
P>a-e. Xo. JJ:>, which had bcfu estxhlishod in Port 
lliury four years before. .At this time \\'e>;tiM>rt was 
in tlie iiiL,'h tide of jij'osjierity. the centre and source of 
wliich was the iron l) and the fine new Sisco 
lurnace, therefore it scetned .apiiropviate to lecni^nize 
tids iu the name of the new halge, and it was called 
Si.>co L()d;j;e, Xo. '2~)\i. The lirst otUi-ers were («eorf,M^ 
\I." W. M.; John I'.owers, S. W.; Charles 
}y Hatch. J. W. Ovoyi/^ Ji JJ.Ijin., had beeJi oue oltLn- 


^4tji iJisTiiiry OF wi:srroirr OiHcors iA tlio PdiI llonry lo.l^c% beiii'.; J. \s. in 
18:t8 and W. ^l. in 1849, thorefcji.' it would seem tlial 
lie liiul moveil into AYestport not long before this time. 
Tbe lodge moetiugs were held here only four years 
after organization, deoliuiuj]; with the decline and fall of 
the Sisoo furnace after which it had been named, since 
Jackson's failure occurred in 18o7, and the lodge meet- 
ings \\orc held in Whalloijsburgh from ISoG to 1870. 
Up to that time the blasters had been George H. Blinn, 
'Asa V. Hammond of Wadhams ^lilLs, Lewis Cady of 
Whallonsburgh, Jojm Burt, Jr., of Essex, Willett K. 
Ilogers of Whallonsburgjj, Eli W. Eogers of Whallons- 
burgh, and Philetus 1). Merriam, W'est}>oit. In 1870 
the meetings i>egau to be held in AVcstport again, where 
thG3' have been held ever since, the successive Masters 
being in every case Westport meii. John J. Greeley 
has held the otiice, not contiuuou.sly, for over fifte^Ml 
years, varied by occasional terms of .service from George 
C. Osborne, Henry I. Stone and Xelsoii J. Gibbs. 

The Mason's hall was in the second story of the build- 
ing on the corner oi' \Yashingtou and Main, (formerly 
occupitxl as the printing otKce of the Westport news- 
paper,; until the burning of the whole block, Aug. lotli,. 
187 (i When tlu> block was rebuilt,, the Masons owned 
the northern third, renting tlie- lower floor and occupy- 
ing the second ttf>or sw a hall. A new charter w^as 
granted Junie 27th, 1877, and on Septeml>or 2Gth the 
new iiall wa-s iledicated. About tive hundre<l ]Mason^ 
were piesc^it on thr.t occasion, from lodges on l)otl: 
si<.lcs. ol! tl'jc l.i-ke, W-ilIl ili>; iJe ^i.ito Commandei:\ 

jiiSTonr OF wKsrroirr ■ 46.% 

Kiiigiit.s Teuiplar of rialtsburgh, tlio Knii:-lits Templar 
of Barliugton, aocompaDied by the Queen City baiul. 
The wives of tlie Masous of Sisco Lodge provided re- 
freshments, and the social occasion was a great success. 
Afterward, when the Westport Inn was opened, this 
block was sold, and the lodge moved once more, to the 
rooms iu the flat over the post ofHee, which it still oc- 
cupies. Lodge-meetiiigs are held ou the fast and third 
.Saturdays of the month. 

The name of Augustus Holt in the tov.'n records re-^ 
minds us that Aiva Holt had nov,- come from Keeue, 
and was living iu tlie stone house at the forks of the 
road south of the village, formerly occu}>ied by the 
Jxogors family. Alva Holt had four sons, Charles Holt 
of Keeue, Snath Holt of ^\'illsboro, Henry Holt of Bo- 
ijuet, and Augustus, who is still living in Westport, 
having been suj^ervisor of the t-owm His daughter 
<,^arrie is now Mrs. Shelley, of Xev>' York, and his son, 
Charles, has practiced dentistry 'u\ his native place for 
several years. Mrs. Jleubtn J. lugalls is a daughter of 
Alva Holt 


Towu ikvtin<;rat K. J. Person's. 
l\<ilpb A. Lo\elaud, Supervisur, 
Hira^n II. Downey. Clerk. 
Jasou Jiramau. Justice. 
Archibald I'attis(ju, Assessor. 
Samuel Rr>ot. tliijhway Cotnmisslouer. 
Peter Ferris and LutLer Ao^ier. Poor Masters. 
William Mclntyrc. William Doui^iass, WiUiam P. Mer- 
• LMti. Ju->]...Lt:.-rs of Elf'tJc:. 

4r,G in ST our OF w/jsT/'o/rr 

Dennis B. Stacy, Ira TJuwiicy. Kichard Brown, Harry 
N. Cole. Constables. 

Pathmaster.s. — Alpheus Stoue. Israel I'attisou. Hira!!! 
Cole, S. Wlioatou Cole, Jeremiah Fliini. John flreeiey. 
Joseph James, Merlin Angier, Luther Arjo-iei-. Geor^^e W. 
Stuvtovaiit, J. R. Whitney. Joel Whitney, B. F. Spragae, 
D. R. WoodrutT, Samncl Storrs. Harvey Smith, Barney 
Boyle. Vv'illiauj Downey, Eli Wood. Eleazer Welch, Jesse 
Sherman, Solomon Slockwell, Julius Ferris, Moses Felt. 
Franklin Bennett, Leonard Ware, D. N. Nichols, Jame.s 
Fortune. Edward Trnesdale. fjiram iinward. 

Town Meeting adjourned to the Innof William Richards. 

This year was built tlie steamboat Canada, the larg 
est yet built on the lake, 2G0 feet loug, 30 feet wide and 
lO.l feet deep, witli a speed of 17 miles an hour. Capt. 
S. Ii. Foster stood on her deck, and as sbe ran until 
]S70, njan}- of us can remember lier rip;ht well as she 
came grandly to the wharf every day in summer, the 
deliglit of all the youthful population to whom the ar- 
rival of the line boats, and their discbarge of freight 
and passengers, will abvays be a most interesting event. 

Town .Meering held at the Inn of \ViHiam Richards. 

Failph A. Loveland, Supervisor. 

Freetjoru II. Page, Clerk. 

John F-Jateh Ia)w, Justice. 

(iuy Stevens, Collector. 

D. L. Allen and Calviu Fisher. Assessors. 

Elijah Wright. Highwav Corn(nissioner. 

Abram .^b Olds, Superintendent of Common Schools. 

Titus M. Mitchell and William Mclutyre, Poor Master.s, 

Flarry N. C(.)le, Joel F. Whitney. Phirvey Pierce, Inspee 
tors of Election. 

Guy Stevens, B. F. Holcoml.). .1. F. Whitney, Tru Downev 
John'Mitchell, Constaolcs. 

Edwin R. Person, Sealer tif Weii.rhts and Measures. 

lusTunv OF WKSTi'Oirr 407 

The Ili^'lr.vay Commissioner rejtorts that it will he iioe- 
» to raise siidO.UD the present year. 

Patlitnasters. — Alpheus Stone, Heury Iv ^Vurrl.■n. Arch- 
ibald Patterson. Harry X. Cole. John Mitchell, Williaiti 
Mclntyre, P. D. Merriam, James Marshall, Luther Angler, 
(reorcfe W. Sturtevaut, liCvi Cross. Cicero Sayre, V>. T. 
Spraf^vi"', David R. WoodrulT. Calvin Pratt, Harvey Smith, 
Asahel Havens, Ijeonard Avery. Kli Wc^od. Eleazar Welch, 
John Ortniston, Ira Allen, L^e Prouty, Titus Sherman, 
<ieortro Bennett, WillardHai-tvvell. George Vauc^han. James 
l-'ortune, f^dward Truesdale. Edwin Thompson. 

Adjourned to tlie luu of H. J. Person. 

Phineas N. HartweU resigned the oflice of Si;peiintend- 
'Mit oi Common Schools and Abrana Marshall Olds u-as ap- 
pointed in his place. 

Survey of road to Youug"s J^ay. •'Beginning on the 
eastern boundary of the highv.ay leading from Wcst[)Ort to 
Archibald Patterson's thirty-eight links northerly from 
the south corner of Andrew Frisbie's I'arni, to tlie lake 
shore." J. K. French, Surveyor. 

'^IMii.s year Jan^es A. Alien bought the southeru or 

Hatch wliavf, ami for about tvi-euty-live years either of 

our jniuoipal wharves might be spoken of as ''Alleu'.s 

wharf," since D. L. .Alh^u had owned tlie northern or wharf since 1845. The Hatch wharf was sold 

to C'apt. Samuel Price in 1879, and then to David Clark, 

wlio now owns it. The Douglass wharf was sold to 

Daniel F. Payne in 1880, and is still in his possession, 


Town Me<'ting at the Inn of H. J. Person's. 

Cepnas Bradley. Supervis/jr. 

ikMijamiu F. Ihjlconib. Clerk. 

Miles M'F. Sawyer, Justice. 

William L. Wadhanis. Assessor. 

Danifl M. Howard. Highway Commissioner. 

William McHityre and Artemas Hai-twL-U. Poor Masters, 

Lori'uzo (iibbs, Hiukley Coil. Dan W. Braman, Jnspec- 

n->. ...f i: 



' Iru Henderiion, Collector. 

Horace Buruos. Joel F. Whitney. Ira ITonderson, Alvii) 
Davis, Ricbaril IJrovvn, Coostiioles. 

Pathmaster.s. — Alpbeus Stoue. Henry E. Warren. Levi 
F'-isbio, Isaai- T). Lyon, .Tnuatbao [Tolcomb, D. L Allen. 
Josepb James, James Marshall. Newell Kcou-lion. Georifo 
W. Sturtevaiit, Elijah Wrij„'ht, Josepb E. Siniib, Sylvester 
Young, Aostin Biuelow, Howard H. Farnsworth. Harvey 
Smith. Asahel Htivons, x\sa Smith, Albert Carpenter, Al- 
vin Peasley. F. 13. Howard, John McCouley, Lee Prouty, 
Cyrus Koyce, Leonard Taylor, William Pierce, Geor^'c 
Vau^rbao, Fortune. Edward Truesdell, Edwin 

AlvaS. Holl was appointed Pathniaster in the place of 
Isaac D. Lyon. 

Road district No. 26 was newly formed, and began "at 
the west line of the lot of Juleazer U'elch. and runuiuu: west 
to the west lino of the land of William P. and Philetus D. 
iVJerriam." P. D. Merriam was path'naster of ihe district. 

Tliis means a new roatl distiiot in the XroD Ore Tract, 

on the road to Seventy-five, where W. P. A: P. D. Mer- 

liain had their coal kilns, and where the trail went in to 

the ore bed at Nichols Poud, jvist now beginning to be 

road out to the highway, as an outlet for their ore and 
an inlet for their miniug sup]ib'es and macliiuery. 

Another tragedy upon the water. Four young men 
came up the lake from Montreal in a pleasure yacht. 
Two of them v.ere brothers natiied ^Yebster, relatives 
of the Ferrises, and of the third wife of Judge Charles 
Hatch. One day, in November, John Ferris and his 
son Peter joined the jiarty in the yaclit, and they sailed 
southward. Near Crciwu Point the boat was. upset, and 
the six men clung to the boat sides and rigging and 
floated about, calling for help, until completely chillecl 



ami e^vh:luste'-l. One by oijO the four young niou from 
.Montreal lost each his hold and sunk from sic^ht. John 
I'erris was au older man and a Inirdier, and hisstrongtli 
held out until helji arrived.* Peter Ferris was rescued 
in an nncousciou-. condition, only saved by tlie singular 
fact that the fingers of one of his hands were stiffened, 
from the effects of a scalding in infancy, so that he had 
n<j power to straighten them. This hand was hooked 
over a rope or some part of the boat and held him there 
after he became insensible. 

After 3Ir. Peter Ferj-is died I was permitted to look 
over some of his papers, and among them there was 
such a pathetic letter from the father of the two young 
^Yebsters who were drowned, written to John Ferris 
immediately after. In it he says, "I sincerely thank 
God that he has spared you your ouly son, although 
we have lost all of ours," — a resignation, it seemed to 
me, niore piteous than the most clamorous grief. 

It w ould seem froiji the fact there had been no camp 
meeting held in town for eleven years that these out- 
door gatherings for religious exercises had fallen some- 
what into disfavor. Luxury and refinement of living 
had greatly increased since the eaidy da}s of immense 

♦One not accustomed to our waters will find it hard to realize the thill of the icy 
waves Af November. Fresh water has not tlie buoyancy of salt water, and i^ is 
more difiicuit to swim or to float in it on that account. Its etfcct is also more encr- 
V itin^. A few summers ajjo a younjj; lady ac Kock Harb jr swam across the lake 
from Basin Harbor to Cr\limily Point, a distance of one mile and twenty reds 
This was a much more difficult feat than may appear to a person accustomed only 
to salt water. It was accomplished in safety, but followed by alarminjj chills and 
exhaustion. If we have not the dangers of the surf and the undertow, neitlicr 
have we the exhilaration of the ocean waves. 


470 IlISTunV OF \\'/:STJ'ORT 

fitteiidaiicc at can)]) ineetiDgs, and drmbtlcssj a genora- 
tiou bad arisen which would ii'jt brave the discomfort 
of primitive camp life, in al! we.tthers, for the >;ake of 
preaching which might as well be heard, perhaps, in- 
side their commodious churches. Nevertheless, this 
year a camp meeting was hold, not as before near the 
lake shore, but in the northei'n part of the town, on land 
of Frank Bennett's, west of V\'adhams Mills. And these 
meetings -were no longer representative of all denomi- 
nations, as in the early days, bat now belonged almost 
entirely to the M. E. church. 

In Josepli Cook's histor}- of Ticonderoga Ave find 
that the first mower in that town, which was also the 
first in the Champlaiu valley, was used in June of 183;"). 
I am inclined to think that none were usediu Westport 
until two years later. 


Town Meeting at the Inn of 11. J. rcrsou's. 

Cephas Bradley. Supervisor. 

Dau S. Cuttiuii', Clerk. 

AVilliam F. Cbattertou. and I'deLard C. Gardner, Justices. 

David L. Allen. Assessor. 

Victor C. S})eneer. Superintendent of Schools. 

Guv Stevens. C'.ii lector. 

Moses Coll, Ilitrhway Commissiouer. 

Artenws Ffaitwell and Orrin B. Howard. Overseers ot" 
the Po<jr. 

Oran£re Gibbs, Philetus D. Morriam. James \V. Eddy. 
Inspectors of Election. 

Guy Stevens. Horace Barnes. Hitd-:ley Coll. Aaron Peas- 
ley. Thomas Dickerson, Constables. 

These entries in the town bo<">k are certilied t.> liy three 
Justices, John H. Low. Miles M"F. Sawyerancl Jaso^ Bra- 

Pathrnasters. — William Stevenson. Samuel floot. Peter 
Ferris. Asa Ivinnev, Charles \V. Holcoinb. U'illiat.r. Mela- 



fyrt\ ]')ari'J.s Mciriam, Jatnes Mnrsliall, Cynis Itox c-o. 
<ie<n-cri' ^V. Sturtovant. Doit \V. Howard, .]os(:'[)!i Iv Smith, 
.\u«:ustim Hill. David R. WoodrutV, Calvin Fishor. Mont- 
ravill Hill, Marcus iloisingtoa, Asa. Smith, J)ainel M. How- 
ard, Aaron [N>asley. Alvin Burtt, Jobu McConley, Jr.. 
Luman flubhard, Jonathan IJraisted. John E. Smith, 
Fi'iitiklin BiMjuett. William Pierce. Samuel Pierce, James 
I'ortuno, Kdward Truosdale, l'>lwia Thompson. 

Asa Kiuuey haJ just come in from J.iy. His father 
\va8 J<tsi;iliKiiiuey,'i Eevolntiouinry soldier iu Coniiecli- 
cut, nud Asa Kinney liad fought in the battle of Phitt-s- 
hurgh, spending some time in hospital at Btirlington 
wliile down with emiji fever. He was buried in West- 
jiort, and his grave shonkl be reuiPinljeretl us that of 
one of tlie soldiers of the war of 18P2. His son Fred- 
erick and his grandson Warren still reside here. 

Not until ISoH did Charles Hatch die, at tlio nge of 
eighty-eight, having lived in the town for ilfty-four 
years. iJorn a subject of King George he saAv two 
wars with (.ireat lUiiain, and liviMl to see John IJiown, 
]ierhaps, stepping oft' some boat upon Ins wharf with a 
little parly of ni'groes bonnd lor the colony in 
North Elba — the tirst warnings of the Civil War. No 
one had done more than he — perhaps no one had done 
so much — to change the little clearing at the head of 
Northwest l^iy which he found here in 1802, to the 
busy and prosperous village which he saw the last 
}e;ir of his life. Were the old Squire's life written, ex- 
actly as it ran, it would make a volume as varied and 
I'omantic, with as interesting situations, as the last new 
novel of the school of realism. 

The .uituiun r.niis of this vear caused unusua.llv de- 


-172 iiisToiiY at' WKSTi'oirr 

•fc-trnctlvo lluoJs, especially upon the npi^LV ('('nrseof tlio 
JUHjuet, in Klizuliol.lito\vii. Tiiere the tale will always 
be told tliat October 1 was tlie wedding iiiglit of Mat- 
thew Hale and TJlen Hand, but the day before the river 
rose and carried away the l)ridge by which the groom 
must cross to the wedding. By great exertions a tern- 
porarj- foot Iriidge was thrown across the river, but one 
so frail and unsteady that the grootn and one of the 
Aveddiug guests slipjjed off in attempting to cross and 
were carried down the swollen stream. Piescaed, with 
njuch danger and dit^iculty, the wedding came oft" just 
the sauje, and if it had hajvpened in the Scottish high- 
lands, what a ballad would have been sung by sonu- 
ancient bard to his harp that night! 
' Some of our old people remember that in Se[)tem- 
bcr of '56 the3- went to the County Fair at E"to\su and 
heard Horace Greeley speak. They usually add, per- 
ha{)s partly to show their o\\ n su}voi-iority, that the\ 
did not him a very effective orator. 


Town .Meeting at \{. J. Person '.s. 

David Li. Allen. Supervisor. 

Charles II. Kddy, Clerk. 

Jason tJraman, Justice. 

Jonathan lloleomb. Collector. 

Elijah Wright, llighwav Conjip^issioner. 

Peter Ferris and Jesse Sanders. Overseei^ t>f the Poor. 

Joseph H Smith, Freeborn H. Page and James .\L Bow- 
man, ^u^.pec•tors. 

Noei Merrill, Assessor. 

Jonathan Hfilcomb, Oscar Ta\-lor. Joel F. Whitney. Jert>- 
wiiah I'Tmn, Augustus H(»lt, Constables. 

Palhaiastei's.— Ale.\under Stoveuson. Rcitol "W. .VrnoUi, 


Jiisroi:)- OF wEsrroirr 

47 :i 

Noel Mr>Ti!!. Ovfiii }!. Flowarri. Xatb;ini(>l Alien. Wiluirr] 
Iii<.'a!l.-, William 1^ .Mt-ifiaii). Merlin An-'i.T. Lutbt-i' Au- 
■■j'wv, Geor^ft' ^V. Stuiit-vaiit, Cyrcuus li. l\iyuL'. Ciooin 
Savre. Joel K. Freueli. D. It. WoodrutT. N(<iaiian Stoi-rs, 
.MoMtravill Hill. I'atrirk- iJovle. Justin Pnvaty. A Ibcrt Cur- 
jienlei-. Warren INioler, Y. P>. fioward. Apollos Goodsppod. 
[j.'C Pfouty. Martin Pion-Oj James Fortune. Franklin Pen- 
nrtt, Curtis BenDet. Marlin Pierce. James Fortune. VA- 
\v;ird l'ri;e.'^;dale, Edvs in 'J'liou\p.-^on. 

'i'liis vear Halpli A. Lo\ eland ivas State Senator and 
John Ij. IMerriiiin. County l.'reasurer. Soon after this 
Mr. Lr)velantl was conducting a large lumber l)usiness 
in All)an\-, with {uirtners, under the tirm name of White, 
Loveland A' Co. After some years he removed to Janes- 
vilje, ^Vis., then to Cliicauo in ISt'ii), and then io Sagi- 
naw, ^licbigan. wliere he tlied in IS'J'.l. 

It was in tliis year tliat Dr. (iecnge T. Ste\-ens bfgan 
practicing medicine at \\'adhanis Mills. In iSGl ht- 
iiiarried lianiet, daughter of William L. Wadliams. 
Dui'ing the Civil \Va)- he was Surgeon of the 77th regi- 
nieiit, X. Y. \. lie afcerwai-d removed to ]-5rooklyn. 
\vh(;re he became well-known as a specialist in diseases 
I'f the eve. He h;is v/iitteu a number ol books upoii 
•>cientilic subjects. 

Ji>seph Cook, then c)nly a promising yi>ung man from 
Ti, delivered a lecture liere upon 'Alcohol antl the Hu- 
man JJrain." 

Of all our stories of shipwreck, J know of but one 
which oi'cni-red u]X)n the ocean. After the discovery 
of gold in Calif(nni:i in 1S19, there was ;i great rusli 
fiom all tl;.- i-astei-n states to tin- Pa-itii- coast, and our 
"f tlie null who went fr'un Wi-stport to set-k his f^>r- 


•174 }IiSTOi:V OF WFSTPOirr 

tunes in tlie golil mines \vas Ijenjnmin Muyliew ShelJoi]. 
He had niaiiierl Harriet Barber, daughter of Hezekiah, 
and they had four little eliihlren, Silas, Ttose, Edith and 
Eimua. He went to California by water. Arrived at 
the mines, he succeeded in getting quite a small fortune 
for those days, about five thousand dollars, it was be- 
lieved, llecoiviug a letter from his wife in which she 
spoke of being ill, the desire to see his family again 
overcame the desire for rielies, and he went to San 
Francisco and th.ere took the same steamer upon which 
lie came out, the Central ulmerira, Captain Herndou. 
The shij) made the "greater ]")art of the return trip in 
safety, touching at Aspinwall, rounding Cape Horn, and 
arriving at Havana, which she left Septeoiber Stli, 1857. 
Three days afterward a great gale came up, and the 
ship sprung a leak. The pumps were kept going, the 
passengers takiucf their turn with the crew, but the wa- 
ter rose so rapidly that it put out the tires under the 
boilers, and the ship lay at the mercy of the waves. At 
two o'clock on Saturday afternoon, a l:>rig was sighted, 
the Marine, an.l signaled for help. Five boat-loads of 
passengers were taken from the steamer to the brig, the 
women and children being taken first. Then the wave.s 
rolled so high, and the tuo vessels had drifted so far 
apart that the steamer was abandoned to her fate, and 
was thought to have gone down at about eigiit o'clock 
that evening. Captain Heiudon went down with his 
sliip. In the mails there w;is over a million dollars in 
specie, bes\«les large quantities of gold carried by indi- 


nisToi^y OF WESTJ'oirr -it:, 

vidual ])cissoiigX'rs. Of tlio ]0:> luf-ii who went down 
\\'\i\\. tljo ship, Benjiuniu Slioklou uus one. 

Another life bJicriGeed to the se:irch for California 
^^>kl w;is that of Aliiahani Wadhaius. He lived to s^ee 
his home a^^ain, but contracted ship-fe\-er on tlie voyage, 
and died ininiediately upon his i'( turn. Others who 
went, and brought l)ack more oi' less of a burden of 
•svealth were Rouben In^'alls, Oii iu Hov,;ivd, Jonathan 
r>raisted, and the sons of Elijah Newell. T!ie latter did 
not return to Weslport, but made their homes in the 

Town Meeting hokl at tlio Inn of Ik J. Persons. 

David L. Allen, Supervisor. 

Cbat-lps H. Eddy. Clerk. 

.Tohn If. Lon-. j ustiee. 

David R. Woodruff. Assessor. 

Daniel M. Hon-ard, .fligbwav Conjmissioner. 

I'fier Ferris and Levi H. Cros.s. Poor Masters. 

Joseph P:. Smith. Ruel W. Arnold and Henry k Estey, 
Inspectors of Election. 

Janies M. Bowreau, Colieclor. 

Henry H. Hok-omb. Cyreuus \l Payne. Willard In;ral]s. 
.Tunatljan J-Iok-omb, Dan S. Cuttiuji-. Coi.stables. 

Voted to allow A. M. Olds $12.1)0 f.n- an error in school 

Patbnia?>tPrs. --Granville Stone. K. W. Arnold. Ai-ehi- 
!.)aid Patterson, Harvey Piert-e. Josiah Pierce, John Gree- 
h.'V. William P. Merriain. Samuel .\nder.son. M. P. Whul- 
k»"n. Geor^'-e W. Sturtevant. E.lijab Wri.u'ht. Orrin F. Hardy, 
Arza Phinney, D. H. Woodimff. William Laurence, Harvey 
Smith. A. M. Olds, L'--ooard Averv. Piatt. Sheldon. Abram 
Gi'ecley. -Alvin Burt. Solomon Stockwell. fjumau Hubbard, 
.\bram Sherman, Franklin Hosley, Franklin Bennett, J al- 
ius Vaurrhau. Georj^e \'au«,dian, .Tames Fortune. 

This year there was plenty of business k^r the ••}'>net' 
\'''.'svtr-7. " 'ii-'c nanie uf tiii-. i>ld oHk-; had bL'tju iL-n-; 


47G iiisnmy of WL'STJ'Onr 

dropi)eJ, but its dnfu's vverf perforniod by the Hifzhwav 
Commissioners. Moses Coll and Elijah Wric^'hl were 
oblii'ed t<) settle a dispute about a line fence between land 
of James W. Coil's and Pects', and then another, in 
the same nei^'hborhood, about a line fence between Archi- 
bald Pattison and Keuel Arnold. 

It is interesting to compare tlie census of 1858 with 
that taken thirty years before. Then about onc-fifth 
the land was reported as improveil, now it is more than 
half under cultivation. Ileal estaio has risen in value 
from $86,423 to §375,537, and personal property from 
$1,'/J0 to $1G,250. In Joseph Cook's history- of Ticon- 
deroga, he remarks upon the fact that the real estate 
of Westport increased in value more than four times in 
30 years. Population has increased from 1322 to 20-11. 
Then 424 children were taught in the schools during 
the year, now there are 814. In one thing there is an 
immense rt^duction. From 9985 yards of cloth of do- 
mestic manufactiu-e iu 1829, the record falls to 285 m 

This year there were 390 dwellings iu towu, 40S fain- 
ilie.s, 207 free-holders and 32 school districts. 49S 
horses, against 237 thirty years before, and 5,231 sheep 
against 3,801. Now there were also 1022 working oxeii 
and calves, 023 cows, and 506 swine. The towu pro- 
<lueed 31,500 bushels of gr.iin, 3000 tons of hay, 12,999 
barrels of potatoes, 6,815 barrels of apples, 45,713 
pouuds of butter, and 8,377 pounds of cheese. 

The New York Ga/etteer of 1860, usiug the statistics 
of this year, reports as oar chief characteristics, "iron, 
leather and lumber largely manufactured. Westport 


HISTORY OF wi'.srroirr 477 

ooutaius tlio Essex Couuty Arademy aud 4')() iulial>i- 
iauts. U'adhams Mills has twenty-five houses." 

1850- :-■ ' ■ ■■'■ ■ 

Town Meeting held at H. J. Person's. 

David L. Aileii, Supervisor. /f ,-; 

fiiram H. Duwney, Clerk. 

David S. McLeod, Justice. 

Hurry N. Cole, Assessor. 

Israel P;Ltter.son, Highway Cwnmissiouer. 

Jauies A. Alieu, Collector. 

Pbiletus D. Merriam and Peter Ferris. Poor Masters. 

Hinkley Coll. Orlando Sayre and Barton ]>. Pilchards, 
luspeetDrs of Elections. 

Jiimes A. Allen, John E. Staey. CyrenusP. Payne, Jona- 
tban Polcumb, Hinklev Coll. Constables. 

\'oted thiit the money in the hands of the S^ipervi.sor 
should be used to purchase the Revised Statutes. 

Pathtuasters. — District No. 1 for the first time since 
lS-19. Orriu ih:»\vard, Alexander Stevenson, R. W. Arnold. 
George Patterson. Harvey Pierce. Elijah Newell. William 
l^iehards, W. P. Merruuii, Merlin Augier, Cyrus B. Royce, 
<;. \V. Sturtevuut, Elijah Wright. O. F. Hardy, Sylvester 
^'oiing, F. Johnson, A. F. Sherman, Harvey Smith. Pat- 
rick Boyle. Harriman Daniels, f',. J. Smith. Vv'arreu Pooler. 
John Ormstoa. John McCouley. Julius Ferris. Henry B. 
Hoyce, John E. Smith, l-'ranklin Bennett, William Pierce. 
Saiuuel I'it-rce. James Fortune. 

In the hiirhway districts we find mentioned ■"along the 
])lank ruad to the wharf of Hatch and Allen, iheuce np the 
hill to the corner of F. H. Page's store. " 

This year came in a quaint and uimsual iuclustry, 
that of making clay pipes hy hand. At-tlie month of 
the Fiaymoud brook, ou Be.ssboro, near the island of 
Father J(^gues, stands an old house, on the site, it is 
lielieved, of one of the dwellings of the ancient settle- 
ment of Raymond's Mills. Here, in one eml of the 
house, "VN'us the shoj\ communicating at tht' bad: with 


47S iiisToiiy OF WFsrroirr 

a liriek kiln, built for bniiiiiii:; the pipes to suowy wLito- 
ness after thej were moulded. The soft black vlay, 
hrought from Nev,' Jersey, was ground to tlie pro[)er 
iiueuess in a vat outside, where a patient horse ploddeil 
round and round at the end of a long sweep. An Eng- 
lishman named James A. Smith, (always dislinguisheci 
amouj:; us by the title of "Pipemaker Smith,") with his 
sons Gabriel aisd Peter, made the pipes, using many a 
mould of curious shape, brought from England, with tht- 
English rose and thistle printed on the side of the bowl. 
Whatever fantastic shapes were given the pipes, there 
was always the little knob at the bottom of the bowl, 
thoughtfully provided that the smoker might rest his 
pipe upon it for a moment while he to(^k a drink of 
beer, or joined in the jolly songs of an English inn. 
This business was carried on l)y the sous of James A. 
Smith for some j-ears after the death of the latter, but 
some time in the eighties the f;tctory-made pipes drove 
out the more expensive handicraft, and it w;as given u}^ 
It was to this house that, twenty years later, in 1870, 
came a fearful visitation of maliguant diphtheria, iu 
which live or six of the family dieil within a few weeks" 
time. The house was quarantined, ami such was th.' 
fear of contagion that it was impossible to obtain a 
nurse to perform thr; necessary work. Then a young 
n)inister and his wife, not long married, ami just settled 
in West port, went to the afflicted house and stayed un- 
till the disease had run its course, caring for the dying 
and the dead. Such precautions were taken that no 
other caspsof diphth'U'ia occurred, and the brave volun- 


jfjSTOh'y or WEsrroirr ^n^ 

tcor muses esc;q»cnl without liarin. It Wiistl\is act that 
so stirred Colo)iel Lee's enthusiasm, always ready to re- 
spond to the note of coui'age and self-sacrifu'e. '"'J'hat 
is what I call lieroisni," said lie, as hcgrasi)ed tlieyouu^ 
minister by the hand. 

This year 1859, must have Imried the last of our pi- 
oneers, Dr. Diadorus Ho]cc»mb, aj^ed sevent}-nine, who 
had scon so nuieh, aiid dnne so much, in the life of the 
little town since he first cast in his fortunes with it. 
Dying in September, lie never heard the news of the 
capture and execution, in Virginia, of John Brown, a 
rnr.u whom he must have often seen upon our streets, or 
at the couTity fair. 

The connection of John Brcnvn with Westport his- 
tory is^ but incidental, only that of a ])l;ice through 
which he and his family often passed, in the strange 
variety of their strange lives. Nevertheless, the man 
was well known here, fromtlie time that he came ofl" 
the ferry boat, one day in tl;c summer f)f bS-l:'.:>, driving 
a herd of Devon cattle, of a breed finer than any thing 
wseen in Essex county up to that time. It was known 
that he was taking them over thirty miles into the in- 
ttnior, where he had settled on some of Gerrit Smith's 
laud in North Elba, surrounded by a little colony of 
freed negroes whou! he was trying to teach the grim 
secret of wresting a livelihood from that granite soil. 
Almost universal sympathy with tliis attempt seems to 
Jiave been felt at this time, together with shrewd Yan- 
kee head-simkiugs over the [n'obable, (and actual,) fail- 
iin: of the tLitcrpii.>e. TJjt write)- has faiitu to jjnd 


4S0 insrony of \vi:srrnirr 

.traces of iiuytliiu^ conespoucliiig to a "station ou tlio 
iijidorgrouiul rnihoail" in Wobt])ort, for foiwardinj:^ es- 
capee! slaves ti-> Canada, and is inclined to hclieve tlint 
this is rather bix-ausc socrocy Avas littlo! nettled. Any 
negro nii^^lit be ojie of the ]S^(n'th J-^lba freednion, an<l 
his passage through the town uiight bo safely winked 
at so long as there was no question of a United States 
marshal on th(^ road witli a warrant--an extremity 
which never occniTcd. Tliis refers entirely to the first 
live years of John ];*>r<jwn'ri residence in Essex county^ 
before his depnrture for Ivaijsas, during which time 
most if not all of the freed negroes accepted land in 
North Elba. During these tive years anti-slavery sen- 
tinient ran high in We.-^tport, as it did in all the North, 
and anti-sluvery meetings, with the usual speeches and 
aesolutious, were often held. After the Ivansas troubles 
there was a change, the North beginning to hold her 
breath before the risiiig tlatne of sectional fetding so 
easily fanned into a niighty contlagration. Ir- 
responsible speech began to be restrained. VVise and 
good men, who v.onld have giver, their lives to prevent 
the civil wjir wliich foUtnved, whi> often gave them after- 
ward to help to bring it to a close, strove to modify 
popular passion by counselling ujoderation. Itemem- 
bt.^ing this will helj) us to undeistand the significanct^ 
of events, and to realize that although anti-slavery 
meetings were not so frerpient in the four or five years 
directly preceding the war, it was from no lack of con- 
viction or courage ou the part of our people. 

Eut for the years from bS4'.) to lSo5, there is no 


iijsroin' OF WKST/*n/rr -/si 

doubt-that Ji>liu l»rc)\vn was a popular man in West- 
port, aiul one willinolj listened to a:; ol'leu as lie eanie. 
He uever made public speeclies, bat when it was known 
that he was at the inn, to sta}- a sini^le night <ni his 
wav in or out of thi? monutaius the ujen would j^ather 
in the bar room and dis'-nss politics aiid slavery with 
liim. Men who have thus conversed with him say that 
he was iu)ticcably quiet iu his manner, never showing 
the least trace of excilemfut, and far nnn-e patient v/itii 
contradiction than tin} average ])articipant in political 
discussion. He talked in a low, steady voice, and his 
expression was pleasing and winning. It is told that 
a frequent opponent of his was the landlord of the inn, 
whose views were not at all those of John Brown, but 
tiiat he always gave in at last without anger to the quiet 
persistence of Brown's arguments. 

At this time John Brown was a nnm something [)ast 
fifty, tall, erect, with a smooth shaven face and a stern 
mouth, not at all like the wild eyed fanatic, with 
long gray beard ani.1 luishy hair, who is seen in so many 
of his pictures. No doubt these reiutsent him at a 
hiter stage, after the sceiies of liloodshed iu Kansas; 
but the John ]3rown remembered iu Westport, who 
talked so courteously and so freely with the village 
men, was like tiie pcjrtrait re})ioduced by Katharine 
Elizabeth MeClellan in her (.-xcellent little book, "A 
Hero's Grave." After his return f)'om Kansas in ISob 
I cannot find trace of so many evenings of argument at 
the village inn. rerha[Ks be was tired of talking since 
lie had come to Ijelieve more iu the fV>rce of pikes and 



gUDS, perhaps the meu Mere sh}- of h.ira, or perhaps T 
liave not yet struck the right veiu of reminiscence. 
Most of the men who kucw him here are dead, but Mr. 
James A. Allen owned and managed the steamboat 
wharf from 1851 until aftor the war, and thus sav,-, with 
keen, observant eyes, all the comings and goings of the 
travellers of that time. He remembers Johu Brown 
with much pe)sou!d admindion, a^ a pleasant man to 
meet, and one who knew a great deal about shee]) and 
cattle. He remembers perfectly the time wheji tlie 
tombstone of John Brown's grandfather came to the 
wharf, and lay for a time in the freight room, before it 
was carried to North Elba. It came from Vergennes, 
hy the steam ferry, a boat upon whose sides was 
painted the name "Xcniparcil,'' but which commonly 
went by the name of ^'the Dodger." 

The story. of this tombstone is a strange one, and 
contains much revelation of the character of John 
Brown. It is a thin marble slab, Avhich stood at tlie 
head of his grandfather's grave in Torrington, Conn., 
the place where Johu Brown himself was born, 
and where all his people lay buried. When it first 
came into West port it bore but one inscription, — "In 
Memory of Capt. John Brown "Who Died At New York 
Sept. ye 3, 177G, in the 48 year of his Age." This 
grandfather, whose name and title were the same as 
John Brown's of North Elba, had died as a soldier of 
the Bevolutiou, a prisoner in the hands of tlie British. 
His grandson had always felt t!ie greatest admiration 
uud reverence for hini, feeling tl^at hu hud died in thu 



cause of liberty, ami lio had conceived the idea of huv- 
iiif^ his torflbstone staud at the head of his own grave, 
which he had decided should be made on his farm. 

It must have been in the summer of 1S57 that the 
stone was brouglit from Couuecticut, aud thoup;h I am 
not quite sure of this, I think tliat Jolm Brown himst-lf 
took it to Wadhams Mills and there had the name of 
his son Frederick, "murdered at Osawatamie for his ad- 
herence to the cause of freedom," as lie dictated to the 
marble-cutter, cut uu the reverse side, then carried it 
to North Elba. There he did not sot it in thegrounvl — 
why should he, since no grave had yet been dug? — but 
put it on the })orch at the side of the door, leaning up 
against the house, and there it stood for two years, the 
family going in and out beside it all that time. Marked 
already with the name of a son and brother who had 
<lied a violent death, standing avowedly v.-aitiog for the 
name of the father to be cut upon it, — there are people 
who would not like to brush past such a stone every 
tin^e they vveut in and out of the door, twenty times a 
day, but the Brown family did not culiivate nerves. 
John Brown indicated tire spot wheie his grave should 
be dug by cutting with his own hands, before he left 
the last time for tJje south, in the side of the great 
boulder near which lie had built his house, the letters 
"J. B." Think of his wife aud daughters looking out 
of the win<low at him as he knelt there on the grouiid, 
chipping away at the side of the filuty rock with his 
unskilled -hands, marking the place wliere they should 
burv him when all was over ! 


It was the IGth of October, ISaO, wLeu Jobn Brown 
began hi.s attempt at the forcible liberation of the 
shaves of tlie south by the seizure of tlie United States 
Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Va. He was captured, 
taken to Charlestown, and there hung, December 2. In 
the mean time, Thomas Wentworth Hig<^iuson, who 
had seen John Brown in Boston and become his earn- 
est friend, came up to North Elba and took Mrs. Brown 
to Virginia with him, that she might see her husband 
before he died. Tliey went from North Elba to Keese- 
ville on a buckboard, taking the steamboat at Port 
Kent. After Brown's execution Governor Wise deliv- 
ered the body to Mrs. Brov.n, and she came with it to 
New York, up the Hudson, then on the Yerinont rail- 
road to Yergeunes. So late in the season as this no 
line boats ran on Lake Champlain. They obtained 
teams in Yergennes to carry them to the lake at Adams' 
ferry, and there they crossed over to Barber's Point, 
coming into the village late on Monday, December 5th. 
They went to Person's Hotel, the central inn of the 
place, and stayed there over night. I have recently 
heard foolish tales to the effect that John Brown's body 
was not allowed a resting place in \Yestport for even 
one night, but men living at the time, who were in the 
hotel parlor and bar-rootn that evening, assure me that 
these are the facts in the case. Tiie body was received 
with all the respect and reverence due to a man well- 
known among them, who had given his life for a cause 
the righteousness of which they had often heard up- 
held by his own voioc 


The party consisted of tlie widow, ]\[i-s. Mary A. 
Brown, Mr. "Wendell Phillips, the famous Boston ora- 
tor, Frank B. Sanborn, the historian and some 
others. The next day it niiued, a steady, icy down- 
pour, and the party did not set out until late in the 
day, arriving in Elizabethtowu at about six o'clock 
Tuesday evening. Westport conveyances carried the 
whole party all the way, I believe, to North Elba, one 
of the men who went with his horses being Albert P. 
Cole, and another, I am told, Mr. Asa Yiall. From 
Wadhnms, Mr. Daniel Bramau, then one of the princi- 
])al merchants, and the young physician, Dr. George T. 
Stevens, went out through the storm to stand by the 
grave the next day. I have heard that the hearse which 
was owned by the town, (after an old New England 
custom, then almost obsolete,) was refused to Mrs. 
Brown for carrying her husband's body to North Elba, 
but it is extremely doubtful that Mrs. Brown ever made 
such a request, and if it was refused it was no evidence 
of disrespect, as the hearse was old and oat of repair, 
seldom or never used, and not considered a fit convey- 
ance for any respectable funeral. It is true that the 
bells of the churches were not tolled as the funeral 
train passed through, bat neither can I find that they 
were tolled in Elizabethtowu, where a deputation of the 
principal citizens met Mr. Phillips at the Mansion 
House, while a guard of four young men watched be- 
side the body in the Court House that night. 

The sto'rm in wdiich the cortege went from Westport 
tvj ICIizabetlitowu dolnyed upon the lake the Piev. Joshua 

4S0 ]!tSr()Ry OF WHSTl'ORT 

Youijg of Burlii)gton, so that he ditl not reiich the Johh 
Ijiown fax in uutil December 8, the morning of the burial. 
He was the only clergyman present, and conducted the 
siervice, while Wendell Phillips spoke to the assembled 
people. Upon Mr. Phillips' return to Westport, he 
was urged by some of the principal citizens to deliver 
an address here, but he answered that he had promised 
to speak in Yergennes, and felt that he could spend no 
more time. He spoke there the next night, and a large 
number from Westport went over to hear liim, crossing 
at Barber's Point in a south-cast gale, the v,-iud blow- 
ing the boat far out of her course to the north, so that 
they were obliged to land somewhere in the fields. The 
names of Dr. William H. Ivichardson, Puilph A. Love- 
laud, x\lbert and Harry Cole, James A.. Allen, Asa Yiall 
and F. II. Page have been given me as belonging to 
this party, but there were others v/hose names have 
been forgotten. They stayed over night in Yergennes, 
ft'nd the speech of Wendell Phillips, as v/ell as the re- 
cent terrible event.>, had tremendous force in mould- 
ing public opinion in this region. On the day of John 
Brown's execution in Yirginia, Yictor Hugo was writ- 
ing in France, "Politically speaking, the execution of 
Brown will be ai] irrevocable mistake. It will deal the 
union a concealed wound which will finally suntler the 
States. Let America consider that there is one thing 
mi)re shocking than Caiu killing Abel— it is Washing- 
ton killing S{)artacus." • 

Those things Westport peo^ile thoroup;hly believed, 
nud. excitement rati higher ;i.iid lii^Iji-r. Abr-ut a nKmth. 


iifter ' Jolm Brown's body passed through the 
town, a large mass meeting was held at Wadhams Mills 
for the expression of abolition sentiment. Mrs. Brown 
carae out fi'om North Elba, having been invited to at- 
tend a snp]'er given at the hotel for her benefit, and 
was entertained at the home of Mr, Cyrenus Payne. At 
this time she went to the marble cutter there, Mr. Ben- 
jamin Albert Barrett, and engaged him to go to North 
p]lba and cut her husband's name on the old tombstone 
which had stood there waiting for it for two years and 
more. Mr. Barrett went, and the stone was taken from 
the porch into the waim kitchen of the farm-house, 
where he cut the name of John Brown under that of his 
grandfather, and below that the name of his son Oliver, 
while tlie name of Watson Brown v/as cut under that 
of Frederick on the other side. Watson and Oliver 
had been killed at Harper's Ferry. Thus John Brown's 
own plans for his epitaph ia stone were carried out. 
while his sonl went marching on. The marble slab was 
set in the ground as soon as the frost was out in the 
spring, and tliere it stands yet, visited by tiiousands. 

The inscription,— "John Brown, 1850," — so deeply 
cut on the upper face of the immense granite boulder 
at the foot of which John Brown lies buried, was cut 
there after the war, in the summer of 1S66. Col. Fran- 
cis L. Lee, who had served in the war as colonel of the 
41ith Massachusetts Volunteers, accompanied by his 
wife, his sou, Francis W. Lee, his daughter Alice, the 
Hon. George S. Hale of Boston, and Mr. Andrew J. 
Daniels of Wcstport, went out and stayed a week at 

'4SS niSTORy i:>r WKSTPoirr 

"Soott's," (now tlie 3i(rautain Yi'.^w Housi-,) wliilo Mi. 
Daniels cut tlio letters uiul fi<.;m-es deep into the roclc 
"The work to<-)k inan}^ days," says Mr. Francis W. Lee, 
in a letter published in the Essex County liepubli- 
can in March of 1S7G, "owinp; to the extreme 
hardness of the rock iu which the letteis were cut. 
This sanie hardness will ])rt,)iect the mighty boulder 
from the hand of the vaud.d relic seeker for all time."' 
It was the frailty of the ancient tablet, the edges of 
which were worn away before it was brought to West- 
port, which suggested this idea to Col, Leo. 

In 1859 the Essex County Medical Society was re- 
organized. This society is known to have been estab- 
lished before LSl-l, since in that year Dr. Alexander 
Morse of Elizabethtown was sent as a delegate to the 
State Medical Society. In 1 S21 Dr. Diadorus Holcomb 
of WestpiU't re]n-esented the county society. Westport 
]>hysicians who have been ]iruside!\ts since 1859 art 
A-biathai I\)llard, ISikS; Conani Sawyer, 1870; Dr. Pol- 
lard again in 1SS2 ; and Pliny W. luirber iu 188-1. 
Other members froui Westport have beeu Dr. Samuel 
F. Dickenson, 3881 ; Dr. Warren E. Pattisou. 1881 ; Dr. 
Frank E. Sweatt, 1882 ; ami doubtless the subsequent 
doctors who have sojourned among us- Dr. F. T. De- 
Lano, Dr. Jusse Braman, Dr. J. W. 31. Shattuek, Dr. 
Ileuben Irish and Dr. Hennessey, — tjiough we have not 
liud access to the records of the society to substantiate 
this very probable statement: 


.■ insTonv OF \v/:sTro/rr -tsn 


Towu Mrotiuj/ a: il. J. Person's. ' '' ■ • :» 

Saiuui^l Root, Supervisoi-. ■^' ' , 

Hiram U. Downey. Cii-rk. : , , 

William V. Cliattevton. Justice. 

Noel Merrill. Assessor. 

.losepb E. Smith. tJi^^diwav Coii^inissiouef. 

Albert P. Cole aud Pbiletus D. .M Triam. Masters. 

Dau S. Cattia*:, Fferoert L. Ca.iy. I'Mwwi P. Piers'm, lu- 
-^[teetot^s of Electiou.. 

James A. AHon, Collector. 

James A. A^Ileu. Cvreuus R. Payiu". Jeremiali I'Miim. Al- 
!)ert P. Cole, George C. Sinitli. Constables. 

Pathmaster.s.— Alfred Carpenter, Moses Coil. Israel Pat- 
risou, Peter Ferris, A'-i.i,'u.'^tus H )lt, Jei'eiinah Flitiii. Asa 
\'iall, WiiUam P. Mernatn. William fJarris. Luther Angler, 
(ieor^e W. .Sturtevaat. Daniel W. Bram m. Ja-^on Datister, 
Sw-lvester Yl^uL!l,^ Artanas Hartwell. Abrana G. Steel. Bar- 
vey Smith. Barney 15. )yle. Curtis Proutv. Ha»-\'ey Howard, 
.lo'hu G. Greeley. I'. H. tloward, Solomon Stockwell. Lu- 
aiau Hubbard. Morrill Giobs. John E. Smith. Franklin 
llennetl. William I'ierce, Samuel Pierce. Horace poyce. 

It was in the. fall of ISOO that twu little i)oys, about 
nine uud ttrii years oul, took a sled ami went ooastiuji; 
down '-the lake hill ' above the steamboat w hart. This 
is very stoep, and the d-ingor of slitliu^ ot>' into the wa- 
ter has always nxade it a foi-bidilen pdace to 
the children of careful jiareuts. There was enoui^di 
snow for p;ood coastinfj, but the lalie hail not vet frozen 
over. The two children could not steer their sled, and 
at the foot of the hill it etirried them ott' into the water, 
where both were drowned. One l>o\- was named Fran- 
kie Cole, and the other bel'>u<^ed to ;i family named 
Turner. They were not missed for some time, l/Ut at 
J.ast seaich reveal. -d the treacln rons sled floating on 
,b'i) of the w;>ier. .-.nd meji draL:;_;!-d ri'e u;der thai night 

./' ■ 


until tlie little botlips wore reeovirei]. This incident 
has given the lake hill an oniiiujus terror to all West- 
l>ort children since then as a sliding place. 

For some years the school facilities of tiie village 
had been seen to be quite inadequate to the rightful de- 
mands of the rising generation. The old Academy had 
long fallen short of the renown of its early davs, and 
most of the pilmary work was done in the district 
schools of the village, district Xo. 3 lyiug on the south 
side of the bridge and district No. 2 on the north side. 
In ISGO these two districts were united, and a union 
school meeting was held Decembej- 7th, in the base- 
ment of the M. E. church, with John H. Low us mode- 
rator and Aaron L. Mack, Clerk. Three trustees were 
elected, William Frisbie for one year, Lorenzo 
Gibbs for two years and D. li. Allen for three years, 
and Jerry- Flinn as ch^rk. Tht) two school liouscs 
weie sold, and b'.tli bcf.'u used as dwelling houses 
e\er since. The stoves and benches were reserved, and 
the benches at least must have had some value by this 
time as registers of tl)e autogra[)hs of the various boys 
wlio had tried the edge of their jack knives upon them. 
The school houses were expected to bring .?.500, and the 
Ilaruiibas Myrick house on North street, which had 
been in the hands of Marks iV Hand of Elizabethtown 
since the .settlement of the Myrick estate, was bought 
for a new school house, for the sum oi .•?1,200. A board 
of education was elected, consisting of Harry N. Cole, 
Aaron B. Mack, James Walker Eddy, Victor C. Spen- 
cer, the two clrgymen, the Ilev. IsjacC. Feuton of the 


iiisroin' r)F ]vi:sTJ'()RT ■ 4m. 

M. E. clmioli aiul the Ki-v. l'\ V. Ijmvj^ of tlie r.;i['tist, 
.tiid the two doctors, Dr. Laiuluu niul Dr. AVilliain H. 
jlichanlsou. The ^lyriek house w.ih; rGinoduled, fitted 
u|> for four de}uirtiiieiits, and used until the liuihliuf;; of 
the new school house in 1S8*J. The first ])riiici[)al of 
the new union school was ]juther Doardinau Nt'WL'll/'' 
He was bcn-u in Jay, N. Y., in IHoi, attended school 
in KeeseviUe and f^rudnuted from the University of 
Vermont in 18C0. Corning to Westport the same year, 
he spent the renjainder of hjs life in the place, with the 
exception of a fuw years' teachiuL;- in Crown Point. He 
was principal of the school about ten yeais. From 

•This Newel! family is not tlie same as th:it of Ehenezer Newell, although there 
is no doubt a d:sUii: relationship. Cjptnin D.niel Ntwell born in {*ar:nin^- 
town. Conn,, in 17^5 He tuovci to Tiiiinouth, V't., where he betame a captain of 
iriillery, and then tu Burke, \'t., in iSoo. In Burke he was one of the most prom- 
inent men, selectman and justice of the peice. The description of Capt Daniel 
.\e-.\ ell in tlie ton-n history <;f Burke rsidi- as thou^^h It might have been written 
for his great grandson, L. i5. Newell, as it represents him as tall ino etcct in his 
carriaj^e, sociable and henevoieut in his disposition, and an ardent Hap list, addintj 
t. -It no nan was more respected and I'sloved in ;iis one lOAn. His wjte was a 
Curtis, of the same family as ttiatof ^ errge William Curli>, and tiiis must account 
X>r the fact that L. B. Newell bore a likeness to the pictures of George William 
•Curtis, slro.ig enoug-h Is have soineti:ne-> been rcmarkt-ii by strangers. Capt. Dan- 
iel .\ewell died in lin in Burke He had ten children, one of whom, Rufus. 
vi hose wife was a Beckwith, came into the 0/ Jay with his son Daniel a <oat 
iSjo. There Daniel the second married Marc Klish, and they haJ seven children. 

.Martha married Capt. John Stratton Boynton. Children: Electa, Jg.'in, Liacoln, 
M...ry, .Vcwell and I?eulah. 

I.utner Bo4rdman married iarjh Punnori, 

Keuiah married BenjiminS. Bull. 

^^alc married Hattie Buttrick. 

Electa died at tl'.c afefe of .hree. 

Kosalii mirned Henry Chase an I live> in Minneaooli s. 

Arthur Daniel nurried Lottie Van Ornati:. .la.l his nud.: his home in We.stpott, 
hiving been a te'icher for some vears Hi> children are Isaac Hjrri.-,or., -Maiy, 
'•race and D.iniel, The two sons .<re the only Jc-ccrd int-j of Kifus Ne^'fH who 
■ car ihc same S'.ir'iai-;e. 



187G to 18S2 he was School Commi^siouc-r for tin's dis- 
trict, aud was afterward lustitate Instrnctor. He was 
for several years agent of the Ticonderoga Pulj) aud 
Paper Compauy, buying large quautities of pulp wood 
all through northern New York aud Canada. He was 
supervisor of the town at the time of his death, ^vhich 
occurred Jan. 23d, 1S9G. Westport has never had a 
more public-spirited citize]i, aud liis natural benevo- 
lence is shown by the fact tJiat, having no children of 
liis own, he adopted three orphan girls, giving them all 
liberal educations. 

In this old "Myrick house" school one whole gene- 
ration received its educiition. Before Mr. Newell re- 
turned fioni Crown Point, one very successful teacher 
was Mr. Hyde, of Maine. In 1874 came Curtis Carlos 
Gove, just graduated from Middlebury College, aud 
conducted an excellent school until 1879, when he went 
to Peeraan Academy, New Haveu, Yt., whither a num- 
ber of hir. older pupils followed him. He afterward 
took orders in the Protest;int Episcopal Church, being 
ordained in 1891, and is now Eector of St. Michael's 
Church aud Head Master of Cary Collegiate Institute, 
Oaklleld, N. Y. 

Then came Edward Hooker IJaxter, .^f Middlebury 
College, class of 1S7G, and taught oue year. He is now 
a physician in Hydt) Park, Ma^is. He was followed by 
Thomas A. Wasson of Mineville, now a physician in 
Elizabethtowu. Then Edn)uud Conde Lane, Univers- 
ity of Yermont, class of ISS'i, one year. He afterward 
l)racticevl law in South Omaha, Nt;!j., aud died ther'^- 

./^ * 

iiisTony OF wEsrroirr 4!)3 

\u 1808. Then Charles F. Chlsholm of I'l-ittsbur-li, a 
f,a-afla;ite of Conipll, and Julius Valorious Sturtevanl, 
Middlebury, iS.So, \vlu>se year was Hnishetl by ^liss 
]Mary Fai-tisworth. Then ^Ir. John i^yon, who is now 
jiractieiug law near Eockville Ctuitrt-, li. I., and in 188t» 
Mr. Fred Yarney Lester, a graduate of Colgate Uni- 
versity. The new school house was built while he was 
l)rineipal, and th" school raised to v hii^'h standard of 
eflicieucy. In 1895 lie was elected Sch(jol Coinuiis- 
sioner, receivinp; a second election three years after- 
ward. In 1899 he resii^ned his commissionersliip to 
accept the position of Principal of the Ticonderoga 
schools, and removed from Westport after a residence 
<^f tl)irteen years. Succeeding ]uinciiials have been 
Mr. Kennedy, two years, ^Ir. George \\'. Campbell, of 
Toronto, one year, and Mr. Edgar \\'illey Ames, of Wil- 
liams College, tiie present Principal. 

The first teaciier in the intermediate department (.f 
the '"Mwick" school was Mrs. L. B, Newell, wlio taught 
there for a number of years. Otlnn- tcac-hers in the 
lower departments were A.huira Greele}-, Cornelia Clark, 
Myra Small, Sarah Richards, Clara Ensign, Alice Doug- 
lass, M;UTFarnsworth,Emma Shar[t, Annie Sharp, Kate 
Xewell, Minnie Newell, Ida Bacon, Lina Barton, Lyle 
Cross, John Hoftnagle, Kate llogersand Mary E. Clark. 

The new school house was built in 1SS9, as the fig- 
ures on its slate roof attest, on a tin(>site near the shore 
of the lake. The architect was Cornelius Bemington of 
Ticonderoga, and it has since received two additions, 
.-.'ud the accoinm'->datious are still dechir.' 1 to be insuf- 

4!>4 IlIsrOUY OF WlCSTl'oRT 

iieeiit for tlic yearly iucreasing number of piij^ils. lu 
the new school honso, the assistants iji the Ac;idenuc 
ilepartmeut have been Miss Henrietta C. Koyee, Mis< 
Ella Feehau and Miss Daisy Brallee. Teachers of the 
Training Class, Miss Mar}' Iv. Harrington and Mj.<< 
Kubsou. In the inleruiediate Jei)ariment, Miss Electa 
Boyuton, Mrs. Frances ]lainsey and Miss Gertrude 
Stevens; in the primary, Miss Marian Ferris, Miss 
Elda Fish, Miss Susie Bruffee and ^liss Florence Shel- 
don. The faculty now consists of Mr. Ames, Miss 
Bruffee, Miss Bobson, Miss Stevens, Miss Torrance, 
Miss Sheldon. We are wont to claim that there- i.~ 
no better school in the county than the West}>ort High 

This brings the account of tlie the school up to tlie 
present year, and we must now go back to 1860, and 
take a look at the town as it was before the war. 
"Frankness demands the admission that it was then as 
dull a little place as could be found on all the lake, if 
measured by the standards of a bus}- and money-mak- 
ing world. The decline in lumber had come many 
years before, and now it had Just b^eeii made })laiu th;it 
no one knew the s<^cret of turning our iron into gold. 
The population of the town in 1SC)0 was but 1,0S1. 
which showed a decrease of o71 in the last decade. 
Tliis decrease also continued steadily for another ten 
years, until in 1870 the town numbered 7To less than ir 
did, in 1850. 

The business centre of the jdacc was then, as it i< 
n«iw, on Main, ju->t north oi' ^V;<..s}iiugton, in ih<^- 

iiisTn/n' OF wKsrroirr •/.'>." 

.s:U!io locality wlir ic Clmrlfs Hatcli Imcl opoiK-J tlie first 
store fifty ^•eal■s hefttre. Here, on the east ^;i(li' of the 
street, stoo;] two liiisiness bIcK-ks, with ;i iiuinbrM of <\h- 
taohe'l l)uihliij>_';s on liotli side of the street. 0[>|)Osite 
the stores, on the eoriifr of the present Library hiwn, 
stood Person's Hotel, advertised as "the Lake Hoi;sc," 
a lar':;e two-story btiijdiiif;, paijited white, with doulile 
pia/-/,,is aud a lon^j,- rani;-e of ofTiees and stables hchind 
it. A st'jne walk led across th»^ road to the hotel, und 
at its eastern end stood the town })uin[). The well be- 
neath it was coverod by ;•, mill stone taken fron) one of 
the old _fn-ist mills, and the stoue lies there yet, although 
the town ])nm]) has Vieeu unknown for forty years. 
South of the hotel stood another block of stores, on the 
site of the 'X)ver tlie W;iy" (^f the Westpoit Inn. Here 
was Hiram ])ov.-nrY's tin shop, ;uid, (]ierhap-: a little 
later,) the drug store kept by Dr. William H Richard- 
son, hfs advertisement in the cou!)ty pianer covering 
.-'.Iso a large stock of furniture, v.ith ]Kirtieula.r attention 
railed to Magenta 1 >yes and Kerosene Lamps, botli re- 
rent inventions at the time, and a postscript, added 
in bStio, saying that the doctor would examine applicants 
for invalid [lensions. In the blocks across tlic roadl'.H. 
I'ag". in the brick store on the corner, ke{)t a stock of gen- merchandise, hi> j>rincipal rivals being the tirm of 
J. \V. tV 0. H. Eddy, a little further to the north. Mr. 
Pag(; and C. H. Eddy were afterward partners in busi- 
ness, and later still ^Ir. Page became a member of the 
tirm of Groves, Paire cV Co., Troy, N. Y. The eorner 
store was afterward, owned bv C H. E Idv A S.-;;, then 



l)y F. H. E.ia.v alone, aiul after tlie <leatli of Mi\ F. H. 
Eddy iu 1901, tlio b-isiuess which had beeu continaoa< 
iu the Edd}' family for more than forty years, was sold 
to Smith c^' Eiclia)dri, ]Mr. George Barton llichard^ 
being brother-in-law of Mr, Eddy. 

Other business })laces in this p;irt of the village in 
18G0 were the drnj:; store of Charles B. Hatch, John C. 
Osborne's harness shop, Peter P. Bacon's shoe shop, 
Alviu Davis's hardware store, and William Bichards, 
general merchandise, in the bnilding now occupied by 
liis son, Flenry H. Pilchards. Up the hill, on the south 
side of AVashinglou street, Edmund J. Smith liad a 
carriage and blacksmith shop. AVilliam Douglass had 
a blacksmith shop on the site of the barns of the ^Yest- 
port Inn, and Wallace Olds another on Douglass street, 
on the north side of the bridge. G. W. Strauahau kept 
a tailor's shop, and there v.-as a milliner in the Hat ovei- 
Hatch's drug stor.^ :\[rs. H. P. Potter, followed by :Mrs. 
Harriett Todd, a.s we lind by an advertisement of 1SG2. 
Aaron Clark was a carpeute)' and builder at this time, 
and had a shop near the large tenement house above 
the steamboat wharf, while the Joubert brothers had a 
marble shop on tlie bank of the brook west of th>> 
bridge. The principal busiti'^ss north of the bridge was 
done by D. L. Allen at the Doughi.-s store and wharf, 
while his br*jther, James A. Allen, owned the southern 
wharf. The line boats wliich came iu daily to the last 
named wharf were the dtiwdn and the Unikd Staf''^. 
The post n>aster at this time, and f<n- a long t<M-m of 
veais, was -Kdm H. l^o\\\ .lud the \n)>.t oflue wa.-> to 1" 



fouihl exactly where you now find it. TJiere were two 
hotels. William llichards keeping the Ricllarll'^ House on 
the north side of the bridge, on the "Ira Henderson 
lot," on North street. The house was burned in 1893, 
and tlie place is now nearly covered by a block of new 
stores. The physicians were Dr. William H. Ilichard- 
sou and ])r. Abiathar Pollard, the latter returning to the 
place in ISGl. 

1 believe the only milling industry at Wadhams at 
that time was the grist mill, operated by Deacon Wad- 
hams. The store afterward occupied by Henry C. 
Avery was kept by ])aniel W. Braraan, and at some 
time not tar from this period the brick store was known 
as the "Union Store," froni the fact that fifty or sixty 
of the farmers of the neighborhood attempted a co-op- 
erative stove in this building. The experiment was 
tried for a number of years, but at length the business 
i)ecame involved, and it {massed into the hands of Ham- 
ilton Sanders. 

Up to this time the old-f.ashioned Yankee peddler 
was a valuable institution throughout all this rural lake 
country. Even a pack peddler often carried fine dress 
goods in his pack, and was, mcn-e often than not, a re- 
spectable, native born citizen, willing to earn his honest 
])enny by adapting himself to circumstances, and carry- 
ing the mountain to Mahomet by seeking out his cus- 
tomers at their own door.s. ^Nlany of usca)i remember 
treasured pieces of our grandmothers' tiuery whicli we 
were told hiid been bought from such-and-such a ped- 
rlh.'r, who madt) his regular trijiS, perhaps up and down 

498 II J S TORY OF H T .V 7 7 » () /: T 

both sides of tlio lalcc, recognized au 1 trustc-d like aiiy 
settled nierohaut. This is all changed now, and a pack 
peddler moans iiothinLi, but a senii-tranip ^vho speaks 
broken Italian, and excites any conscientious and ob- 
serving dog to frenzy until he is sent off down the road. 
But forty years ago raany a bright young fellow begau 
as a pack peddler, then by iuriusti-y and economy rose 
to the ownerslii]) of a cart and team of horses, and then 
invested iiis savings in some dry-goods stoie which Ije 
had observed upon his travels as furnishing a good 
opening for an enterprising 3'oung man, perhaps send- 
ing out peddlers' carts over the country in his turn. 
One of the dangers of the old-time peddler was that of 
being murdered for the contents of hi;-. ])ack, in somo 
remote district where night overtook him before he 
could reach a respectable inn or farm-house, and there 
are tales of such incidt;nts told by oni- oldest stoi-y- 

I'hen business reckonings vrere made in shillings 
much more cunmonly than they are now, and "sis- 
pence" and "nine-pence" were terms often heard. The 
ditlerence between the York shilling and the Vermont 
shillings still needed careful mention M'ith the older mer- 
chants, and was the occasion of frecpr-nt jokes, to the be- 
wilderment of youngsters in school who were learning 
only the decimal system. 

As for the churches, it would .seeui that at this period 
they were quite as prosperous as they can be said to be 
now, 'with attendance and membershi]), as a whole, 
rather in advance of present conditions. 


From ISll to 1S(V2 the Coii^regatioiml ohurch at 
Wailluuns liad four pastors, llev. Charles E. Kpooner 
remaiued thirteen years, from 18-11 to ISol-. He was 
followed V)y llev. J. A. Woodhull, who resigned iti ]S.")S, 
and was followeil by Rev. S. J. M. Lord, and lie. in 
18G0, by Piev. Henry Lancashire. The ehnreh num- 
bered in 1857 one hundred and three members, but soon 
nfteiward began a declension in membership, owing to 
unfortunate dissensions which arose in the church, 
chiefly attributable, it would seem, to the injudieious 
measures of an unwise pastor. Many left the church 
entirely, some joining other denominations, most of 
them never to return. A list of male members attend- 
ing a churcli meeting in 18H0 is given as follows : 

Edmund O. Hodgldns, Henry Bartou Eoyee, Francis 
Pierce, Samuel W. Pierce, Samuel Pierce, Levi I'lcrce, 
H. N. Eeyuolds,. William S. Flack, Oscar M. Poutuell, 
Aaron B. Mack, George T. Stevens, Jesse Sanrulers, 
Joel F. Whitney, 'lvn\, Almond Clark, Egbert Praman, 
N. M. Clark, W. F. Chatterton, William Hardy, P. F. 
AVhitney, John P. Whitney, Sylvester Young. \\'iiliain 
Barnard, Joel French, John S. Stanton, AVilliam L. 
Wadhams, Thomas Hadley, Piatt Shuhlon, Humphrey 
Sherman, George W. Sturtevant, Joseph Ordway. The 
deacons were G. W. Sturtevant and Wm. L. Wadhams. 

The trust.vs of the Baptist church elected since 1830, 
(their names liaving been alredy given up to that time,) 
iu order of their election, were as follows : Miles M'F. 
Sawyer, DAn U. Kent, Albert P. Cole, Jonathan Nich- 
ols, Palph A. Lovelaud, Lather Angier, Edmund J. 


Buiitli, William P. Ilolcomb, James A. Allen, Heiin- 
D. Rauuey, Iienel W. Avuokl, Merlin Angier, Lorenzo 
Gibbs, Fveeborii H. Pa^^e, Henry X. Cole, Harvey 
Pierce. The pastors from that time to this liaci been 
Rev. Cyrus W. Hodges, Pev. J. Pircharcl, Pev. S. "W. 
Whitney, Pev. Tiiomas Praiult, (a descendant of the 
famous Joseph Brant, the chief of the Mohawks during 
the Revolution,) Pev. Thomas G. Wiight, Rev. O. W. 
Moxlcy and Pev. F. P. Lang. 

The preachers iu the M. E. churcli since its first es- 
tablishment as a station, in 18o9, had been Rev. John 
W. Belknapp, 1839; Pev. William M. Chipp, 1811; 
Rev. John Thomson, lS-12 ; Rev. Hiram Chase, ISil ; 
Rev Richard T, Wade, 1845 ; Pev. Valentine Brown, 
1S16; Pev. William W. Pierce, 1847; Rev. P. H. Hul- 
burd, 1848 ; Rev. Benjamin Pomeroy, 1819 ; Pev. 
William H. Titlany, 1851 ; Rev. CharlesY. Hagar, PS5i> ; 
Rev. L F. Yates, 1851 ; Pev. Peter P. Storer, 1850 ; 
Rev. William W. Foster, 1857 ; Pev. Isaac C. Fenton, 
XS59 ; Rev. T. W. Harwood, ISGl, 




Civil \Vai^ lo 1875. 
John Brown's borly Iny monLlering iu tho j];ravo, be- 
ii<;atli his ^^randfathei''.s aucieut tombstone, on tbe North 
Elba farm. Sixteen months after it had been borno 
througli Westport, Fort Sumpter was fired upon, and 
the war bepran. Tiiis paviod formed in every sense a 
distinct era in the life of the town. Already declining 
so far as commerce and manufacture were concerned, 
the withdrawal of more than a hundred young men iu 
the best years of their lives, some' for one year, some for 
four years, some for ever, left the little town to a quiet 
nearly approaching stagnation. But underneath the 
outward quiet the nnjst intense emotions prevailed. 
The principal events in life were tlje daily arrival of 
steamboat or stage, with the mail which contained news 
from the front, or with the arrival or depar- 
ture of soldiers. In summer the boats came twice a 
<lay, a night boat and a day boat, and iu winter the 
stages came in once a day if the weather permitted. 
There was no railroad, no telegraph, no express office 
until after the war was over. Hence there was a re- 
nu^teness from the seat of war, and a delay in the re- 
i'eption of news, greater than that which was felt at the 
time of the "Cuban war. lleliable news of battles came 
sometimes weeks after tlie event, in soldiers' letters or 

502 lusroh'Y OF iV£srro/rr 

111 ijo\\>^j)rtpers, aUlioui^di there were sure to be disijui-. 
etiu^ ruiuors imincdiatelj after every great battle, to 
make women's hair tnru gray with suspense o,.s tliey 
waited to learn the truth. 

But still the town life, of course, wont ou with tho 
same outward senil>hiuce. The men elected to otTice at 
the March towu meeting before tho actual outbreak of 
the war, were as follows : 


Town Meetiuj» held at H. J. Persons, 

Samuel 1:^001, Supervisor. 

Barton B. Richards. Clerk. 

Jason Bramun, Justice. 

Daniel W. ih-atnau, Assessor. 

William Frisbie, Highway CommissioTU'V. 

Jonathan 1;". J['.raisted, Reuel W. Arnold. Poor Masters. 

Charles W. Hok-omb, Cicero Sayre. Samuel W. Williams.. 
Tuspecturs of Election. 

James A. Allen, Collector. 

Janies A- Allen. Cyrenus R. Payne, Jeremiah Flinn, 
Willard Ingalls, Kdn\ond J. Smith, Constables. 

pathnwsters.— Henry Wood, Dounis Persons, Israel 
Pattisou. Charles Pattison, Willuun Frisbie> Jeremiah 
Flino, William P. -Merriam. William Harris. James M. 
Wludlou, Simeon Miller, Wdliam F. Ciuitterton. Charles 
Duuster, Sylvester Youncr, Dav'id R. Woodriitr, Fphraim. 
Hill, Juhns(m Hill. Marcus Hoisiugton. Joseph Tryou. 
Aaron B. Mauk, Abram Greeley, Alviu Burt. J ra Allen. K. 
Westeott. Henry SLiennan. Isaac Lampman, Orrin Taylor, 
James B. Barnes, .Martin Pterce. H.inrv Rjyce. 

Voted to have m future but one R)ad Commissioner. 

Edwm R. IVrson appointed Inspector of Election in 
place of Samuel Williams, absent, perhaps on a boatiu;,' 

Peter Ferris appointed I'oor Master iu place ol Picuel 
Arnold, resigned. 

Arnold opened a recruiting ofhee tliat summer, raised a 
conjpar.y and left for the front in Seiitember. The town 
records ot" the next four ycurs will here be i-Mvcn as usuu'. 


iiJSTOiiY OF w'ESTroirr 503 

Towu Meetitijr at H. J. Persous. 

Samuel Root, Super^'isor. 

Uarton B. Ru'bards, Clerk. 

Aaron Clark, Justice. . -'. ,, '• 

Harry J. i'erson, Assessor. 

PLi'lei'as 1>. Merriam and .Tiirncs A. Allen. Pooi* Masters. 

Hiukley Coll. Harvey P. Potter, Edwiu };. Low, luspec- 
tors of Election. 

John Steele. Collector. 

John Ste'.'le. Ja'nes A. Alien. Harvey P. Potter, JCit- 
tred^e Cross, Jeremiah Flinu, Constables. 

Towu iVJeetiuc;^ adjo.urned to the Arinor3\ 

James A. Allen appointed Collector in place of John 
Steele, deceased. 

Pathmasters. — Henr}' Sheldon. Granville Stone. Henry 
E. Warren, flenry Frisbie, Hiram H. Downey, Nathaniel 
Allen, William Mclntyre, "William P. Merriam, William T. 
Williams, M. P. Whallon. Simeon Miller, Eii Farnsworth, 
Joseph E. Smith, W. W. Finney. D. R. WoodrulT. Calvin 
D. Pratt. Levi Harris, Barnard Boyle, Jr.. Abuer Slaucfh- 
ter, Matthew H Mack, John J. Greeley, John Ormistou, 
Solomon Stockwell. Lumau F. Hubbard, Abrara Sherman, 
Zelotus Fuller. Austin Taylor, Cortez Bennett, George W. 
VauL'han. James' Fortune. 

Then comes a report of a mass mectini^; 

At a nii-etin^' of the citizens of the town of Westport. 
held in tlie basement of the Baptist church on the eveuiu<x 
of Aui^ust 2na, 18tJ2 pursuant to notice, Georire W. Goti 
was duly elected chairman and Barton B. Richards sec- 
retary. Addresses were delivered by Rev. Mr. Muusev. 
Rev. Mr. Ilarwooa, Rev. Stephen Writ,dit, Victor 
C. Spencer. Byron Pond and Rev. Mr. Sawyer. It was 
voted to raise a local bounty of ?:10.00 for each volunteer, 
and that a Committee of Finanee be appointed to solicit 
subscriptions to raise a fund to pay a local buuutv to all 
volunteers in this town, and transact such other business 
as may be necessary in couucctiuu therewith. 

This conunittee was thus constituted : SLUiuiel Root, 
chairnian, l>aniel W. Bramau. William H. Richardson, M. 
D., Harry J. Per.sons. Philetus D. Merriam William L. 
AVadhams.'Calvin D. Pratt, F. H. Paut. D. M.Howard. B. 
B. Riehards. Charles W. Hoieomb. Geor.'e \V. GuiL Said 

50 1 insTonr or WKSTroirr 

fonnnittee to met at tliL' lun of II. J. Person to report oa 
the Tuesday evouiuu- next. 

While preparations were thus rnnkiiif^ iVir tlie prose-' 
ention of the which, had ab-oady bep;un, ai\other, 
probably the last, of our pioneers crossed tlie border 
laiid of that covintv}' -whence no emif;raut ever returns. 
Capt. Jesse Braman died in 3862, aged ei^ht3'-six years, 
having passed sixf}- years of his life in the s)>ot which 
he had tirst seen iu all the untaujcd wildness of na- 
ture. Bridge and dam and mills, the church, the 
fechool-hcuse and the neigliborhood dwellings, lie had 
seen them all built, and for twenty years after his com" 
ing tlie place had been known by his name more gen- 
erally than by any other. Himself a captain in the war 
of 1812, he had at least three grandsons in tlio contliet 
which was ragirig between North and South when he 
looked his last ujion the strifes of earth. 

This year we find tin; first mention of the Armory, 
which was undoubtedly built in the fall of 18G1. It 
still stands in the southern part of the village, on Main 
street, a large brick building with long narrow windows, 
not far from the lake shore. It was one of a series ^of 
similar armories erected on the frontier tliat year. I 
have understood that the selection of Westport as the 
place for one of these storehouses of military 'supplies 
was due to the elYorts of Mr. Balph Loveland. It was 
never the scene of such activit}- as the arsenal at 'iiVv/.w- 
bethtown during the war of 1812, and never contained 
military stores. Its history is but a tame and hapjn- 
record (»f commonplace events. It was pu)chased b^' 

II I sn I in OF \vi:srr()iri r,<>:. 

\\i-?. towii iu 1874 :iu 1 usGil ft))' town uioetiii;j;s ami j-ublir. 
._';itlieiiii^s of ;tll kinds. Some enterpvissing ydiiDii ])P(»- fitted it up with a st;ij»;e and seats and ga\i' a serii-s; 
i'f private theatricals t(( the villap;ris, and iL was (»ften 
uvo,] hy ti-avelin<i; -iliows aiiJ fov nehoi)! exhihitious after From 1805 tolS-SO it formed the '-Flora! Hall"' 
/)f the County F;ii)'. and was: rjecorated every fall w itli 
_My patcdiv/ork ijuiU-.. v.hije the air was tilh'.) with thf- 
eouflictinjj; strains of a h;ilf dozen cottage or^auf;. 
Wlien the Fair f^rouuils lay no longer upon the lake 
>hoie it V, as ncA so well worth while to keep it in repair, 
and as it uas always exceedingly inconvenient as a pul*- 
lie buildinj.;. and difiicult to warm, it was at last sold to 
j)r. Henry Hiekok, ahout ISS-j, and has since then heen 
juivate pii;pei-ty. It has iveontly been used as ;,i paint 

Tc»\vn Meeting held in the .Nriij'jrr 

Naniue.l liLK't. Supervisor. 

WiUuini O. Nichols. ClerK. 

Durton H. KiehurUs. Justii;e. 

Alexander Steveusuu. Assessor". 

Wullaee W . 01d>. Codector. 

Kli Fa.'-L:>>w*_irth arid Janjes A. Allcu. Overs-.-ers oj tlic 

Xo Inspectors of Klectioji wer^ iMected and it frP. u]roi, 
ihejustit-es of the Pem-e to a]»poi!.t. Thov ajtixiiated 
iliukh'V Ci>d. Kdwiii H. Faiw and Joseph E. Sinitli. Then 
Jlmkiev Coll refused tw act. and C. J. Sawyer was lim- 
i">inted iu bis placf. The Justiees wt'i-e William !•". Ciia't- 
n-rtun. Uuvid S. MeL.-od and Aaron Clark". 

\'oted U, raise .<!.') (M) to juii-ehase stove au(i i»i(»- fof the 

KittredL'e Cros-,. I-Mwii, 15. r.„u-. A. W Unit. Ja!n(\s A. 
Ail^'u, !Jt uiaai.'u f/.-aliv. Cor).->tai)le^. 


.-,(i>! iiisTinn' or \vi:sTi'<)[!T 

Wari-Mi. Aivliibui.l I'.i.rtisDti. Wiiliaiii FiMsoio Nat 'u;ui;>'i 
Ali.-ii, Lau,-.Mi>. H. Whir.-. .Josepii .lam.'^. William T. Wii 
iiarns. Aai\;;i Aiiu-.T K. Stuftf'vant, Kli t"ai-;iswoiTh. 
Cburlt's D. Ulster. W W. l-'iuiiey, William Lawrence. Cir- 
iTo Sayre. Li'vi Mari'is. .Julius Van^han. Joscpii Tryuu. K. 
.1. Smi'lh, Klra/ci- W.-lcb. J>iaiuai-'l llouard. Kol•l•(■^,{ ( l.iod- 
>.)■,■.■<!. Julius W V'-vvU. Morrill CiM.s. Z.*l(;iiis Fiill.M-. 
Austin Taylor, Aloin't J*lei'ee. Isaac T. J'tbiison. Jaavs 

ISC, 4. 

Town Meetiiit,' licUi iu the Armory. 

Datiifl W. Uramau. 8ii[iorvisoi-. 

Edwin B Low. Clerk. 

Williini L. .lustiee. 

Joseph K. Sinitii. Assessor. 

Hai-rv X. Colt.'. tii!,''ljwav Comtuissioner. 

William Wallace Old.s. Collector. 

Charles C Dnnster. Jame.s A. Albni. Poor Masters. 

Luther B. Newel!. Charles Patters )n. [{iakloy Coll. Iti- 
specr.»cs,of Election. 

William W. Olds, Edwiu H. Low, Jeremiah L'linn. Jaavs 
A. Alleu. Ctiarles Sweatt. Peter Jonbcrt. Constables. 

Pathiiiasters. — Alijcri Carpenter, Denis LVrsons. l.sra<'l 
I'atTei-son, Archibald Patterson. Jeremiah Flinn. \\'!llia;n 
Frisbie, William .\lclntyi-e. William P. Mer-iam. Wiliiam 
T. Williams, li ither Ani,ner. Levi II. Cross. Edm(>iid Sturf 
• 'vai)t. Cliurles Sweatt. Oscar Taylor. William Lawrcuc. 
iloward Faru.Nunrth. Harvey Smith, l^ariiey Boyle. Jr.. 
Flarriman Daniels, Aaron B. Mai'k. .-ibrahain Greeley. 
Alviii liui-t. S.)lomon Stoekwell. Julius F'M'ris. F-iartna 
Boyce. Alexander .Nk(rid. Orren Taylor, Cortcii Bennett. 
Isaac T. Johnson. V. J. Clen^ent. 

Town Meetin;.' adjom-)!ed to the Arinorv. 

.\t a spceicd mc'i'tiiii.!- of rhe Town .\uditors of Westjioi-t 
t:ds L'Hth day of .March, ISliJ. tor the of raisini: 
money to [lay men as volunteers to till our quota for tiii' 
last eali otTwo Hundred Thousand, it was voted to rais" 
Twel\e Hundred r)olIats to nay said men. 

Siiirned by D. W. Braman. S'.ipervisor, Edwiu B. Low. 
Town Clerk, a.nd Willi. im F. Chanerton, Jusou Braui;;'\ 
Mid Partem B. iiieliards, Ja.sticivs. 


iiisToiiv OF MKsrroirr m>7 

A similar tn.H^ing A[)ril 20tb, lSb4. voted to ruise sLSUd, 
with wbifb to pay boutity to six rc-ciilistod humi. each to 
have $;'i)(>.UO Tbese inpn were Cbarles H. Davis. James 
K. iJariies. Moses Tatro, Detitiis Tbumas. (7eor<,fe Allen, 
and Hiram IJurt. 

At a public iiieotint,' of the citizens of \Vesti)ort held piir- 
sr.ant t(» a call of Ibe Supervisors of Essex coimly. at tbe cbiirch. Aiii'-ust 30. IbOi. Voted Satn"nel Rout, 
Chainnau, IJarton 13. liicbards. vSecretary. 

Tbe cbjinuaii brieMy stated tbe object of tbe meetiiiir to 
Ih' for tb(M;>nrpose of raisiiii,' a t-nvn Iciuiity C/i' -^'rjO.OO, lo 
bll our quota with vohiuteers aud draft, and to discuss 
lUe propriety of instractin<; oiir supervisor t ) request tbe 
Hoard of Supervisv)rs to assess tbe town ou iLie grand list 
an amount sutticieui for tbat purpose. Voted tbat tins 
/neetint^ guarantee tbe sum of soil. 00 to all who may enlist 
tv)-iHgbt. After some discussion it was movcij and voted 
tbat the chairniau appoint a eomnnttee of eigbr. of wiiicb 
be sbould be cbairmau, to arrange a jdan to {present to our 
next nioetiug for raising a bjunty. Wbei'iMipon tbe chair 
announced tbe following gentlemen as such committee; 

D. L. .Allen. B. B. Richards. D. W. Brauian. (ieorge W. 
(iotr, J. W. Kddy, F. H. Tage. A. Pattison. At the re- 
<-piest of D. W. Braman be was excused from said commit- 
te<.! aud \\.\j. Wadbanis substituted. Voted that tbe chair 
a(l<l three to saifi committee, and Calvin O. Pratt. ,loseiib 
v.. Smith aud !). M. Howard were aceordiriLdy added. 
\'oted tbat an expression of this me^-tiug sanctions tbe 
|)!an r.f taxing the ti>wn to raise the bounty for volunteers. 
The vote was nearly unanimous if) favor. \'oted tbat Or- 
lando Kellogg bo invited to address our next meeting. 
Adjourned to next week Thursday ev(>. 

Signed by Samuel Root, Chairman. P.arton II. rjieiiards. 
Secretary, and Kdwia B. Low. Town Clerk. 

Ttiis yeai- and thetwo following- -hSlJl Tv t) — r)r. William 
H. Richards<i(i. one of our \Vest})oi-t physicians, was sent 
to the Assembly. 

Town Mettiiig held in th(» Armory. 
Daniel \V. Braman. Supei'v isor. 
Reuben J. Ingalis. Clerk. 
Jason Jiraman. Jnstici:', 


.-j(fs iiisTdin' OF wr.srrnirr 

iJaviil L A'iKmi and jMiMthan F. 15iMi.-;tc(l.<;Ssofs. 

Nuel M.TVill. Ilii/lnvav ("<)m'ni.-,si.Mier. 

Hosea ['.. ilnuai-.l. (':.ll.'ctMi-, 

f^f'ter IV'i-ris and ('hafhs C Punst.M-. Viu^v .Mustf-^rs. 

Rrufl \V. Arnold. ()iaiiLr.M;d>bs. Alh.'rt Pieive. lusp-v- 
tdfs oi l:2'.('ctii»n. 

IVti'i- JouixTl. Hosra ll-iward. ChaiU-s IT. Pathsuii. Wi: - 
liani Sails and Thoaias Di.-kci-son. rdnstahles. 

Patinna.stors.— O. JJ. Howard. Melvin Carp^'uter. R. W. 
Arnold. Henry Frisbio. A Ibert Cole, Charles tloicoiub, Al 
inon A. Alien. William I*. .Merriam. Merlin \V. An^jfim-. 
Cvrus'H. llovt'C. Kduniiid Sturtevant. Klijah Wright. 
Orrin flardy. lients HasTeii. A. J\ llarrwell, Epbruieo 
Hill. llarveV Sniitli. Al^iram Olds, Harriinaa Daniels. Al 
bert Carpentei'. Win-en Pooler. Hrainard B. Howar'i. 
Solomon Stoekwell. f^ee f^i-ontv. Abram Sherman, John F. 
Smirh. Oisoii Tavlor. Martin \'aiM^^ban. Fra.nKliu Piere.-. 
Webster Poye<\ Riley Palmei-. 

This year, I am tt)]tl, tlie arclioil .stune bridge in th-* 

villa<.^e. was built, aitliuii^'ii it is not uieDtioiieil in the 

Town JMtok. Tliej'e hail l)oen a Wi)odon bri^l^e at tlii-- 

place sitiee the time of the early settlers. In Au^n<t 

of 1S',)7 there was a tl^o'l which t'X)]^ oo.t the eastni-n- 

eml of the l)ri:l;j;e, (h>st!oyiiiL;- the smaller arch. This 

small arch was built to ])roserve au ancient right of w.iy 

for the tliime which ran t«> tlu; Old Stoue Mill, auu w hm 

the brid_:j;e uasi'tdjnilt it was necessary still to ros]'>.'et 

this ri,i;ht of way, altlion;.;h n(Uhin-- is less likely than tha.t 

the water-[xr.vei- will ever be carrieil past the bii>lu'* 

again. In June o[ VM)'.-, the n[istre;im wall of thebriil.:'- 

nave w;iv. hut rep.aiis were carrn-d twi with no interruji- 

tion to tiallie. In LSi!."), .md .again in 1807, a temporary 

bridge was built a little wav u[» stream. 

.\l an adjuiirned s{)ecial Town Meeting held at the Ar 
mory in Westivu't, on tlie 1-lth day of January, ISi),'), pur 
SLiant to ii(»:iei- giv.nx ni.'i,:^e:no.n" L^'.irh. ISiil. aecordiuj: 


insT(nn' OF wi:sTi'(}irr .'>(>!> 

(.. law. for till' pui'[)use of raisini: iiioiicy to puy boLin- 
iM's to voluLitoei'.s. to lii! tLi(> qu-itu of llic town f,!' 
Wrstport uhdfi- the !a>t call of tno J' for nOO.IHitl 
iDOU. X'ottHi Aarou Ciark t-liair.nan atiii IJartou I!. 
I.'lrbards sccrc'lary of tLo ini'i'tin^r, and adjoiirnrd 
lit IJurtou l>. Kii.-lnird^' stort-. The iiieetiu;^'' was called 
:■> order by the chairuiau. \^lio bricfiy stated tl'c ob- 
j''ct of the mcetiuir. wboreu[)on it wasiaovodand s^coiidcul 
li» i-aisc the suiji of .•?St)()il and place in the hands of the 
lioard of T<>\vn Oflicors. or so n)iich tlicroof as may be uec- 
<-sai-y to p;:y bounties to volunteers to fi'l the ({untai'flhis 
tiiwa. An aaiendnient uas tijcii oll'ered u nd ai-i-e|;ted to 
r,ii>e the sum of :s]ll.0tlO. to be used in the same way and 
fir the same purpose. \'oted that a (.'oomiittee of tive l)c 
appointed by this raeotinLT. to be associated with the Hoard 
'•f Tovvn Officers to assist in raisins.'' volunteers. This com- 
mittee was Samuel Root. F. Ji. Pa^'e. Israel Patterson. Kd- 
mund J Smith and Samuel Piei'ce. Atljourned. Sif.Mied U\ 
Aarou Clark. Cliairnian. fJ. P>. Pichards. Seeretarv and K. 
!;. Low. Town Clerk. 

This i.s the last record \u the oM I'owii Fiook whieli 
makes allusicui to the vrar. I will tell the story of the 
merj wh<» went awav to fij^ht as I have been al)Ie to 
iialher it from their own lips ami tliose of their ci;m- 
iadfs ami fainiliis. There <)U;^ht to l»e a r.coid of nnr 
'•nlisted men on tile in th(> town clerk's olVice, but search 
has failetl to reveal it, and J have been obliped to de- 
pend entirely u])on the assistance mentioned; therefore 
it will br seen that some )james may be omitted which 
<'Up;ht to stand here, and other mistakes may be made 
which th(;se who conie after tne v.ill have the j)rivilo.^e 
<*f oorrectiny;. 

'i'lic I'll -St \'o\ init* '< M-r^. 

Fort Sumter was surrendered A[nil M, ISfU, and the 
next day President Lincoln calleil for soventy-tive thou- 
->ind voJiinteeis to ]ii't d()\\ ij the Ijebellion. Instantly 


It) ///s'j'oj:y (//■' \vi:sTr()!rr 

till' N()rth ics])()iiilt^l. Two voniii^ uicii from \Ve->ti">)ii < 
eiillstcil lu'toio th.' eiiil of llx.' iiioiitli. Ix-iu^^ not only tli- \ 
tirst to ♦Mili-.l I'loiji tlioirowii t')\vii, but also th"tirst I'l'OMi \ 
tijo county. j 

Cue of tlu'so youti;:^ \iwn was Washington Irving \ 
Sawyov, who was attending school at Hainptt)n Insti- j 
tdtt}, Fairfax, Vt., when thr^ call Un- troops came. He 
\v;is tlu-ii twenty-two, tlic-son of Mil.\s McFarland Saw- | 
yer, and great-grandson of Isaac Sawyer the Indian | 
tighter, wI)ose nan^e is conrjected with the story of a \ 
daring escape from captivity daring the Bevohitiouai-y 
war. He immediately left his studies and came horn--, 
declaring his intention of enlisting. He found an«)ther 
young man as eager as himself, with whom he had 
played in childhood, —Napoleon Joubert, brother >ii 
3[rs. P. P. IJacon. In vain they were urged to wait 
until a coiiijiany was form»Ml in town, of winch there 
^vas a pr-)s;)ect. Tiiey left at once for AUjany, and there 
Irsing Sawyer enlisted in llie ISth N. Y. V., which w,;s 
att.iched to N'/wton"s brigade, Porter's corps, Army of 
the Potomac. The next summer, June 27, lS(/2, he wa^ 
killed at the i^attle of Gaines Mill, Va., and his wid- 
owed mother n<'ver s;iw his face again. His three broth- 
ers also went to tlie war afti'rw;ird. Napoleon -jcuibert 
enlisttul in the 4th \. S. Cavalry, and was a corporal in 
Company C. He was wounded by a sht)t which passed 
entirely through ouelung, but recovered, and lived until 
P)01. His brother Cassius enlisted afterward, and di«>«l 
ii\ hospital ill Baton Pvouge^ La. 


iiist()i:y or WKsrroirr r>ij 

Corn J )au\ K ol 1 Ik > 'J'hii-ty FJliIiiIi, 

The next ]*ul)lic event uftm' the ilt^pa,rtuv.^ of youup; 
Sawyer and Jonbert dccuned u}>c>ii ;i claycuil}- iu June, 
\vlien a com]>.'Uiy of Eliz;vbethto\vu men c;une out ;inil 
took tlie steamboat for the south at otir wli.uC. This 
was Comiiany K of the obith New Yoik Volunteers, 
<'i>iurnan:lr(l by Ca{)t;.iiit Satnucl C. I'Jwyer, a yonuu' hiw- 
\er of Eli/.abothtown, uho had sj.iut a pai t of his 
scliool days iu "Westport ;ujd was wtdl-knosvn here. In 
this company were seven Westjjort boys, all from Wad- 
hanis and its vicinity, and two others wlir) have since 
rt-sided in town. The |-^8tli regiment was mustert-d into 
t^ervice iu New York, left the State June ]9th and 
reached Washingtou June 'Jlst. In these first days cjf 
the war soldiering wa.s looked ujxni as a gay excursion 
into the grrat world, ;i picnic at the exj)ense of L'ncle 
S;im,\vith s'UMf agre'' diilliiig a)id marching ilir(>wn 
it;. Tin-? greatt.'St uncertainty was the fear lest lliev 
might be to i-ome back with^-ut seeing any 
lighting, and the crowd of merry yonng fellows who 
march.ed at-ross the gang-plank on bc-ard the boat that 
June day went with In ight e) es and laughing lip^. proud 
that the wlmle town was tluu'e to look on and see what 
a tine shov.- rhey maile. A little over a month, and the 
-J'^tli, in \\'ilri>\"s brigade, Keintzebnann's division, ad- 
vanceil with the rest of the army to the lirst battle of 
Ibdl liun. For four hours it was in close action. 
After the ]ia!Mc-stiieken retreat it was fnund that 
ihe re'dujeiit l>ad lost oue hundred aiiii twent\- 



ff I STORY OF WhST/'o/rr 

ei-hr in^n in kill,..], ^umnd■.\ aw\ mis.iM- Pitt 
K.l^.u- \Va,ll,:uns, >oi, of Ahral.a.M Wa.lliams, w,-,s 
severely w.)n,„l,.,I. an,] O.lan.lo ]]. Wl.itu.M- ar.l 
Oooro-e Boutwell were taken juisoi.ers. Whitney di.-l 
iii prison, an,] Dontuell spont n)nn. tlian a year ii, .lif. 
ferent southern }nis.,ns. nearly starving to .leati^ an.l alter ins exehan-e in a njost pitiaLle cndi- 
tion of weakness. These were tlie realities of war an,| 
••^ft.'r th.- Inst h:.ttle of Bull Jlun no one aoubted the 
possibility of tightin- an.] of ,k-,,th. Companv K .^f 
the :iSth was the only ..r-anixation from Essex eounfv 
at this hrst l.attl. of the war. The next su.nmer, in 
May of LSO-i, Captain Dwyer was tnortallv wonn<!ed a^ 
tlio battle of Willian^shurg, ,lyin,.^a few davs afterward 
at St. John's Hospital in Philadelphia. His b(Mlv Mas 
sent homo to Ebzabethtown, and again the townspeo- 
ple gathere,] at th.e wharf, thrs time to see the colHn 
earned ])y which contained all ihat was left of the gal- 
lant yonng captain who had st^.p^e,] upon the deck so 
hghtly .)nly a year before. Others .^f our nion in Coin- 
p my K were (bjorge French, who was a sergeant ; (J. 
Wesley Daniels, who was wounded Dec. 18,^ bS(j2, at 
rrederieksburgji, was pronu,ted corporal of Conipanv 
(', and served to June 22, lS*i:; ; Oieorge Averv and 
Moses Coyer. Martin Marshall an.] Stephen Hatha- 
way are at present r.'sidents of Westport, tlie latter the 
oldest of Cumpauv K. 


jiisTonr OF wKsTPoirr .>7.v 

0)in}ian>- A of the Scvonl y-Sevonth. 
The excitement fitteiul-ant iH)Oii the departure of Com- 
[);iiiy K of the oSth served to int(!iisify tlie war spirit 
ah-eady awakeiied, and once inf«re the centre of Alain 
street was daily used for the drilling of squads of men, 
while the air was full of war talk and military terms. 
Then living in town was an old soMier, Willian) Harris 
by name, who had been in the United States dragoons 
under Gen. Harney, tightiug Indians on the Western 
plains. Exempt b\' age from military service, he threw 
himself into the work of drilling the young men who 
hinged for a soldier's life. A recruiting office was 
opened in the village, Eeuel W. Arnold having received 
authority to raise a company, and by the middle of the 
summer fifty young men ha(l signed the roll, most of 
them boys entering the twenties, with a few married 
men a little older vvdio expected to receive commissions, 
Se]>toml)er 15 they were mustered into service, and two 
days later took the boat to go to Saratoga, where 
they lieen ordered to join a regiment that was being 
organized by the Hon. James B. McLean. There the 
company was soon recruited to its maximum strength of a 
hundred men fr(jm Jay, Keene and surrounding towns, 
and being the first on the ground, was called Company 
A. The regiment was called "the 77th," or "Bemis 
Heights Jjattalion," named, as Watson remarks, ''by 
the suggestions of the spot," in allusion to the surren- 
der of Burgoyue at Saratoga iu 1777. This was prob- 
ably the only regiment iu tlie servic which was num- 
bt-rcd puii'h for sentimental reasons. In lu-tual num- 



erica! order it stood soineuliei'e in the forties. The 
regiraental flag eiuphasized the historical alhisiou. "The 
banuer," says Dr. George T. Stevens, in "Three Years 
in the Sixth Corp.s, " "was an exquisite piece of -vvorh, 
of tlie ricliost fahric; a hhie ground with eh^gant de- 
signs in oiL On one side was represented an engage- 
ment in which tlie American soldiers, led hy Washing- 
ton, were fighting under the old flag,--tliirteen stripes 
and the union jack. On the reverse was pictured the 
surrender of Burgoyne at Saratoga under tlie new flag, — 
the stars and stripes." The colonel of the regiment 
was the lion. James B. ^IcLoan, M. C, succeeded after 
one year by Col. Winsor B. French. 

A mouth in camp, then on November 2od they were 
mustered into the service of the United States, and on 
Thanksgiving Day started for "Washington. The .c(jm- 
(lany had elected Beuel AY. Arnold Cajit.iin, Y'llliani 
Douglass First Ineutenant and James H. Farnswortli 
Second Lieutenant, these three men being 
older than the majority of the company. The regituent 
received guns and equipments in New York, and upon 
arriving at "Wa^^hiugton went into cam]) on Meritlian 
Hill. There was much sickness in camp, and here the 
comiiany met with its first loss, Hiram J*ersons dying 
in hospital. On January 5, ISG'2, Lieutenant Faru.s- 
worth resigned his commission and returned home, 
Charles Eilson Stevens being [iromott-d to the vacant 

February L")th, 1802. the regiment receive.! its first 
orders to niareh, being sent acros.- the rivi-r into Yv:- 


iiLST(UiY OF M'FsrrfJirr ->].; 

(i^'iu'ia to join Ggii. W. F. Smith's division, and assigueil 
to the :>rd Biip;ade under Gen. Davidson. They marched 
all (iay in mml knee deep, with rain and sleet ])Ourin<.^ 
down upon theiu, and pitched their tent at ni^jht upon 
f^iouud covered v.ith snow. Here they remained iu 
camp till March 8th, doing their first picket duty in 
front of the enemy. "But on the Sth of Mtueh," says 
Major Stevens, in a sketch of the history ot the 77th 
^vhich the author has freely used in this account, ''the 
question 'Why don't the army move?' wasaiiswered by 
orders to be ready to march at 4 o'clock in the morning, 
and the great army that had been so long drilling was 
to be launched at the Confederate force that held Ma- 
nassas all winter.*' But the Confederate army retreated, 
and the 77th, with the rest of the division, went into 
camp at Fairfax Court House a few days, then marched 
for Alexandria where they camped on ground covere'l 
ankle deep with water, with rain which rendcied it im- 
]>ossible to liuild fires. This is remembered as the worst 
night ever experienced by the V7th,aud the spot is known 
by the name of "Camp Misery." From there they took 
transports for Fortress Monroe, and went into camp at 
Xewjunt News, near the river. Here they saw t})e wreck 
of the U. S. frigate Cinnhviiand, sunk by the Jfi rrinirtr a 
few days before, and here the rebel gunboat Tt-n.^rr 
came out and threw a few shells over the cam]), the first 
which our men had ever seen coming from the enemy. 
Then came the campaign up the peninsula, with great 
liardships for new soldiers. The water from marshy 
ponds tluMT only drinking supjUy, tv[)hoid s^on broke 


r>ii; insTonv or ]\'/:sT/'(jjrr 

c»ut ainonr; tliem, and every dav oue or two were sent 
back lo the lins|iital, "some to be sent iiorfb, and som^- 
to be buried under the pines." For a inunth they lay 
under the works at Yorktown doing picket duty and 
buikling forts, sonit^tiinei; lieing eallei.1 uj) two or three 
times in a nigiit to form a liue whih^ theu' was severe 
firing n))ou their pickets. .Vpril 3rd, LS02, Caj>tain 
Arnold resigned his commission, as did also Jjieutenunt 
Douglass a few days afterward, and they returned home. 
May 6 occurred the battle of Williamsburg, the first 
serious engagement in which the 77th took ]iart. Here 
they saw fttr the tirst time the boys of the oSth, whom 
they had clieered as they left ^\'estport a year before, 
and here it was that Captain Dwyer wtis shot down. 
"At Williamsburg," says Major SteA"ens, "we saw the 
3Sth march into the woods while we were laying in suj)- 
V)Ort at Gen. Sumner's headipiarters, until v.e were or- 
dered to jr)in (fen. Ilan.cock on the right, and there 
learned of Vno dealii of Ca[>tain Dwyer." After this 
came the siege of Hichmfjud and the Seven Days re- 
treat, when the men fought daylimes and marched 
nights, becoming so worn out that they would drop 
down in the road at every halt and fall asli eji without 
stirring from their })laces, and even slept while march- 
ing. After tht; l)attle of Malvern Hdl the 77th was 
transferred from the peninsula t(; join Gen. Po})e near 
Washington, and took part in the second battle of Bull 
Itun, August •2'Jth. Theu it was sent into Maryland 
with Durnsiil.''s column of McC'lellan's army to check 
the movements of Gen. Ia'^-, a i'le;isant march into a 

iiisTuh'Y or \vi:sri'()irr .w? 

brautifiil t'oiuiti-y, endiiip; with lljt' h;iii:l-f(Uip;ht battle 
of South Mount. tin, Septembci litli, followuJ iu'iuiedi- 
ately l-)y tho teiiiWhi coiitlicl of Atitiotam, it) which over 
17,000 inou woie killed and W(ninileil, the iiieatost loss 
iu one da}- of the Uniou arn)\' during the war. 'JMio 
.sixth corps, to whicdi the 77th was attached, came up 
after a hard forced march, charged over ground 
which had bc'tii alrcidy I'oaglit over tliree tiuus daring 
the day, and hel 1 the jiosition. Here Sergeant Hiram 
Barnes and Wesley Comptou of Com):»aiiy A were 
■svouiided, and discharged for disability. After spend- 
ing some time in hospital, Sergeant ]^>arnes re-eulisted 
iu the IfGth, where he became one of a ]ucked com])aiiy 
of shai[>shooters. He was afterward captured by the 
enemy, and was iu Liljby prisou for five weeks, then 
transferred to the stockade at Salisbury, N. C, where 
■he remained six .months, noarh- dying from stai'vation 
and exposure. ^Vith him theie was Silas W. riinn,son 
of Jerry Flinn, a boy who sunk l)euealii the hardships 
(if the {)lace, and died in the arms (jf Sergeant Barnes. 
Bai-ues sat and held him for three hours after the 
breath of life had left him, with a circle of the other 
prisoners standing around to hide them fro(u observa- 
tion, in onler to make sure that the boy was dead be- 
fore he was taken out upon the dead-cart and cast into 
the pit This was one horror which a faithful frieud 
might spare another, even in Salisbury stockade, and I 
would that Westport boys should always remember the 
story, hnig after the tall form and white beard of Ser- 
g''ant I^llll^•s •^hdi be no long'-r se<'!i u[>oii oui- streets. 



AVliC'U We find in our own liistory such un instance of 
suffering aiul devotion, let us see to it that it shall not 
be forgotten. 

About a month after the battle of Autietam the 77th 
was again marching into A'irginia to participate in the 
disastrous battles of Fvedericksburgh and Marve's 
Heights. In the hitter engagement the 77th captured 
the ISth Mississippi, colonel, colors and ah, or at leasr 
they did actually capture the colonel, {CaA. Luce,) a 
large numbei- of prisoners, a stand of colors and a quan- 
tity of small arms. This was one of the inciilents 
which led Gen. Davidson to say affectionately of the 
77th, "It is a little regiment, but it is always in thr 
right place." They recrossed the river to spend the 
remainder of the winter in camp at White Oak Church, 
on the Happahannock. Here some of the ofticers" wives 
visited them, among them tlu? wife of the reginiental sur- 
geon. Dr. George T, Stevens. She was a ^^'estport girl, 
iViiss Harriet Wadhams. In December C. E. Stevens 
was [iromoted First Lieutenant, and William F. Iiyf)n 
Second Lieutenant. In the spring the army again 
cro.ssed the river, and this time the heights of Fred- 
ericksburgh were carried by Uuiou troops, while Gen. 
Hooker was being beaten at Chaiiceilorsviile. May 1-4. 
The 77th was one of the regiments detailed to assist the 
engineer iu laying pontoon bridges across the Hap- 
pahannock. This work was greatly iuijieded b\- con- 
stant firing from the rebel rifle pits on the other side 
of the river, and it was in the performance of this duty 


llISTOh'Y OF WF.Sri'oirr r>i!i 

tliat ]^-.x H;ivoti.s \v;is killoa. Pill Wndhams wus killed 
oil the tiiiid day, bein.i:; shot in tlie ri^^ht temple. 

Tiieii the thirtl of July, caiue the giuul battle (jf 
(iettysbursji;, in v,hit-h the 77th was held iu reiserve ui)o!i 
Powers' Hill, neur Geii. Slocam's lioadquartevs, where 
the reoiiuental mounmeut now stands. 

Olhor reginjents in which ^Vest])ort men had enlisted 
which were i>r(.\Sfnl at the b.iLtl ) oi (Jetty si ua\^' were 
the 2n 1 New Yoik Cavalry, or the ''Harris Light Bri- 
^'ade," the oth New York Cavalry, the P2th and the 
4-ith X. Y. Infantry. 

After the battle, the 77th, (with the rest of the Sixth 
Corps.) was sent in pursuit of Lee toward the Potoinac. 
He esca})od, and wlien the}- caiue to Petersville, Md., 
<nj the Potoinac, th.ey were obliged to wait for orders to 
cross. While in catu}) at this point, some of the offi- 
cers" wives wh(> hail been in Washington, waiting an 
oppojtnnity to vi^^it their husbands, made a short visit 
at the oiiireis' ([uarLei>». It was at this time that the 
surgeon's wife, Mrs. Stevens, iiresetited the regiment 
witii a beautiful pair of guidons. The ground was blue, 
with the white Greek cross which was the badge of the 
division, and in the center of the cross thetigures "77." 
Tijese are the tattered guidous which may U(nv be seen 
in the capitol at Albany, carried by the regiment 
thr'Higli all the remaining battles of the war. It is 
pl(!asant to think, while gazing upon them, that they 
were mafle by a daughter of Westport. 

The remainder of the 3ear was spent by the 77th in 
Virginia, between AVashingtcjn and the Papp.ihannock, 



with a few sldnnislies, and the ;ut\iiiic<.; t(.> Mine Iluij. 
While in caiEpKt Hart's Mills, \'a., ou the iJappahan- 
Lock, tlie wifo of Cai)taiiJ Davoiport, of the Fifth Ver- 
mont, visited him. She had been Frances Wadliam5>, 
and was sister of Mrs. Stevens. Ca[>tain l)aveii[>ort 
was killed in battle the next May. 

In the spring the Army of the Potomac, under Gen- 
eral Grant, ento'eu upon the final campaign against 
Fiichmond. On the 5th of May, 18G4, the 77tli crossed 
the Fiapidau with about five hundred guns. The 12th 
of ^lay there 'were not more than a hundred men in 
line, the balance of tlie regiment ha\iug been killed ov 
wounded. From the crossing of the x'wiv to the first of 
July there were but few days when the regiment was 
not under fire. The battles of the Wikhn-ness and of 
Spottsylvania were among the most sanguinary and 
prolonged struggles of the war. On the 10th of 3[ay 
twelve regiments, one of th.em the 77th, wtre chosen to 
charge the eiienjy's works. There were three lines of 
defense. The first, the second, the third, were taken 
Avithout halting. Then the eneiu}' was re-enforced, and 
our men were driven back, leaving their dead and 
wounded behind them. One of those killed in the last 
line was Lieut. William F. Lyon, son of Isaac Lyon. 
Cieorge Allen, son of Nathaniel Allen, was also kilieel at 

The 77tii tO(.'k pait in tl'e twelve days' figlitiiig at 
Coal Harbor, Ya., from June 1st to the 12th. Here, 
they first met tlie l>oys of the 118th, who had left West- 
}«ort a year after Company A. "The tirst time wo met 

H/STony or WKsrronr r>2i 

the 118th rcgipjent/' says Mnjur Stevens, "was at Coal 
Hail. or after the disastrous charge on their works. Our 
regiment was moved out to the picket line in the nif,'ht, 
and tlie morning found the ri^ht of our regiment join- 
ing the left of the llSth, and we lay in that hole until 
they were sent around to Peterslturg by water, and we 
marched across the peninsula." 

"While tlie 77th hiy in the works before Pet^'rsl)urg a 
singular incident occurred, which is thus related by 
])r. George T. Stevens in the book already once referred 
lo. "On the •22il (of June) Colonel BidwelTs brigade 
^)ccupied the front line of rifle pits. Tlie sun was shin- 
ing brightly, and our men, unprotected by shelter, 
were striving to pass the time with as little discomfort 
as possible. A group of men of the 77th were behind 
the breastwork, stretched out upon the sand, resting 
upon their ell)ows and amusing each other with jokes, 
when a sht-l! came sluieking into th(4v midst, lis ex- 
plosion throw them in every direction. One went high 
in the air :Mid fell twenty feet from the sj)Ot where he 
was lying when the shell exploded. Strange to tell, not 
a man was killed, yet tln-ee had each a leg crushed U; 
jelly, and two others were seriously wounded. The 
t!iree whose legs were crushed were Sergeant James 
r»arnes, James Lawrence, and James Allen, of Company 
A." Tuo of these men, James Barnes and James Tjaw- 
rence, came from Westjiort, and au'itlier one of our 
men, Moses Tatro, was injured at the same time, being 
wounded in the hand by a fragment of the shell. ])r. 
Stevens tells how in thirtv minutes' time from the be- 

522 11 1 ST II Y OF WFsrrciirr 

ginning of tlio operation each of those Jameses had a 
Iv;; aiiipiitatcHl jnst ahove the kneo, liad the stani]is 
• Iressoil, and wtae Icnulod in to au auihiihuice and takfii 
to tlte hospital at City Point. Froni ihvw thoy were 
removed to Wttshingtou, wliero tiiey received much at- 
tention fron) visitors who liad heard the strange story. 
All livevl to return to Essex connty, and wore often al- 
lud^-d to as "IIk; thrt^e one-legged Jims." 

When Gen. Early threatened Washington the Sixth 
Corps, to which the 77th v.-as attached, was sent to oi<- 
pose liiin. "On tlie r2th of July our brigade made a 
charge on the enemy at Fort Stevens, in which every 
commanding officer of regiments was eitlier kiUed or 
wounded. President Lincoln from the rainp;ats of Fort 
Stevens (one oi the defensive works of Washington) 
witnessed the charge, it being the only battle of the war 
which WHS fought under his eye. The battle decided 
Gen. Eai-ly rhat the tia;ie U> capture Washington had 
passed, and he retreated to the Shenandoah valley, 
where we followiHl him v^ai'der- the ooniinand of Gen. 
Sheridan, there to clear him out of the valley by the 
battles of Winchester, Fisher's FliU and Cedar Creek." 

At the b-ittle of Winchester^tho 77th occupied ground 
near the ruins of au ohl church which was surrounded 
l>y graves. One of these graves, covered with a pl.iiii 
marble tablet, broken across, Wiis that of Gen. Daniel 
Morgan, the dashing Pvevolutiouary cummaifdev who 
led his compauy t*f Virginia sharp-shooters to Boston. 
to offer their services to Washington, and who took 
such a biilliaut part iu tlie b^atlesof Saratoj^a. Could 

insrour or WKsn'Oirr .vjr. 

he have sat \ip and looked avound liiu., and seen the 
banuer of the 77t!i, with its painted picture of the sur- 
render of Burgoyne, what would he have thoui^ht of the 
rn-niis Heif^hts Battalion I 

It was the battle of Cedar Creek which was begun by 
an attack from the Confeder;i.les with "Siic-vidau twenty 
miles away," as i^ told in the stirring porMU by Iiead, 
so C'fteji df chuiiie<I by Kchoul boys;, beginning. 

"Up from the south at break of day, 
Bringing to Wiucht-ster fresh dismay/' 

but when Sheridan arrived upon the field, the Second 

Division, to which the 77th belonged, was the only one 

in the whole army whicli retained its ])evfect formation. 

It lay at the extreme leJt of the infantry Hue of buttle. 

>So when a Westport boy comes to the lines, — 

''The fir.>t ibat ttie General saw were the groups 
Of stragglers, then the retreating tro(_>ps." — 

he may think to him.self that although the men of the 

77th were there at that crucial moment, liiey were not 

letreatitjg, an.d that when the black horse covered "with 

foam and with dust," came galloping up, bringing Shei- 


"all the way 
From Winebcsler d./wa to save the day." — 

the Westport men did not neeil to be rajlied, for they 
had not scattered. 

In the engagement which fcylloued the arrival of Sher- 
idan u{>on the battle-tield, Brigadier-General Bidwtll 
was killed, and tlie ca[>tain of our Con^pany A, Captain 
George S. Orr, (who had taken the ])lace of Cai)taiii 
.Arnold upon jrhe resignation of the latter, i lost an arni 

.■>-j-t msTOirv or WEsrrnirr 

from tlie oxpl«).sioii ol" t!>e .^nnit) ^lu;ll whieli killcl tii-- 
(iciiera]. Hiniiii l>uvt was killsM] at this time. Tii'- 
death of General Iji.hveli lut't Coloiiel F>vuoh of the 77th 
ill eotninantl of the hri;:;aJe. 

The Fifth Now Yoi'k Cavrvli'v, ^vith some Westixjit 
iiieu in Coiupaiiy H, foujjbt at the left oi' the 77t!i in 
the Shou;tij*ioah valUn'. 

On tho 9th of I'^Hc.MiiUer the SiKth Corps left the vai- 
hn% and retiutujil to tlie works before Potersburi^. 
There tljej hiy all winter. On lliy 2ii.l of April, lSf>3, 
the oar|i.s made a biillianL cliar;„>e and captured the 
works in front of them, the -ilHh N. Y. and the 77th N. 
\. formini^ the |Viint of the wedi^e that bi^^ke the Con- 
federate line, and cfimpelled th.e ev;\onati(jn of Rich- 
umnd and Petevsbaij^h by Gen. I^ee. In this oliar-^ 
the senior officers of ihe battalion were woniidtd, and 
.^blj()V C. .E. Stevens left in eomtnr»nd. For theremain- 
lU'V of the eaui[i;ii!4n, \vhic]> lasted only a few weeks 
K)njj;*-r, he was in oonunaiid of his h:ittalion. 

iiuth Cieiiora! (Jfant and Gi^neial \le;iile Sj)oke in th-- 
hi}^-l)es.t terms of pi;'.ist> of theeliarge of the Sixth Corps 
at Fetersbai<^ when tiie fla;^ of the 77th was the first 
on the enemy'^i works. After this caaie the pui-suit of 
.Lee, with the li;.>ht at Sailor's Creek, where the cor[r-. 
luvptnred Gen. Fwed, ;ind enableil Gen. Cnster with 
his eavahy to eaptnre }>etwecn thirty and forty 
relx'l tl.igs. "Then on t(^ A]>[>i>inntto'c to see the snr- 
render of Gen. Lee. Then the return to Washington 
and th.e ^rand review by President Johnson, after 
which the rejiiuu'r.t \va>: musteveil out of tho seivice oi" 

iiisroiLY or wKSTJ'Oin' .t;iv» 

the Uuitcd States. Fietutjung io Albaiiy, we (lelu-eieil 
our torn b;Jtle iiapjs to the ;^overuor of the slate in tlic 
preseuee of General Gr:int, July -Itli, 3.8G5, ancl ihey 
may be seen in the C-ij^itol." Major Stevens adds: 
'•This is only a part of the liistor^- of the battleri of the 
legiment. Aceordinp^ to the compiler of th.e "History 
of Xeu- York iu the Jlebellion," the 77th wa* engaged 
jn fifty-two h.alt'l»?s and skirrnii--he^, and the sl.irhii>;hes 
vere equal ioj&ny of tlie batf)e,=; of the Cuhun or Philip- 
jiine wars," 

Of the original fifty ri:erp.bers of Company A whofir^t 
left Westport, only three returned «ith the eompauy at 
the expiration of nearly four 5' of service. These 
three went out as privates and returned with eouitnis- 
sions— Major C. R Stevens, Captain Charles A. Davis 
and Lieutenant Sorel Tountain. Nearly all the rest 
had beei?. killed in action, had died iu prison or hospi- 
tal, or had l<een diseh-iji'ied oii account of disabilitv, 
Tu-efity-tv/o of the eompauy now sleejj in southern eoil, 
<;if;ht u'ho were killed in battle, and fourteen 's-ho ilieu 
of dhseitse and starvation, 

Tiie names of the Westport men u'ho belonged to 

OoaJpi^U5• A vere as follows; 

iJajor Cbaries Edsou Steveus. Weut uiit ^s a sertreaol, 
iind upon tlae resiguattou of I^t. Faruswurth, Jan. i>, lb'(J"J, 
ivas pi-oinoted 2ud Lieutouaut. In Decwnber UAlowin^^ he 
wus api)oini(xMs!; Lifutcnajit of CompaiiV A. and Oct. ir>. 
]>Uj-t, f'uptuin oL CoQjpany E. In Novejubei' the ihree 
years' tcnu of service \oi' which ibc mcu of the 77tL bad 
<-idi.«ited oypirod. aJid tLLwe^rinzeat v/as aj-.cordiut^dy luu.s- 
lered out ot' service, buteuouv^b ui the veteraus rc-eultsted 
lo foian a biiiruHoii of five cr)mpaii'u's '.\lii<b was called the 
77rh Buf};jlii,'u Xe\y VuJ-k ^tjr- \'ij]ui:U-.-rs. svjih C. K. 


Stov.'ns captain of Coiniviijy C, aud s;;oti afteruMfd (Jan. 
]. ISC.")) uppi/nitod Major of the battalion. From April 2 to 
May 1. ISi;."), Major Stevens was in conimaud of the battal- 
ion. Major Sto\ ous was born in Woslport April 2t'>. ISM'.'. 
the son of (Iiiy and .Mabol (Stoddard) Steveus. .Married 
Jan. 10. 18(.4. to Kli/.a .M. Lyou, dau;/hter of Isaac and Lu- 
i-inda (Holconibj Lyon, and had one sou. Harold. His 
second wife was C'arri.;^ Richai'ds. dau<.rhter of James and 
Sarah (Thotusou) Rietiards. and they have two dauijhters. 
(ierti'ude aud Elizabeth. Major .Stevens is now keeper of 
the lii^hthouse at Barber's Point. 

Surijeoh (Jeorire' Thomas Stevens. Commissioned Sur- 
treo'i of the the TTtli Oct. .•-!, 1S(U and mustered out Dee. 1."). 
1S(>4. Oi)ei"atin<.' sui";jfeon for the division two aud a half 
years, and for a titne medical iuspector of the Si.vth Army 
Corps. lu ]S(;h he punlished a book called '"Three Years 
in i()e Si.xth Army Corps." Di*. Stevens was born iu Jay. 
X. Y. in l.sMi', s')U of the Rev. Chauucey and Luciuda 
(Hoadley) Stmens. Yov tive years he was Profcssoi' of 
physioloi^y and diseases of the eye in Unioa Colleoi'e, and 
.-^iuee theu has ri^en hi^^h in his profession, writing many 
staudai-d medical works ia both French aud English, and 
behmi'ini,'- to the highest forei.trn scientific societies. He 
is now as'pecialist in diseases of the eye in New York. His 
wife wa.s Harriet Wadhams. (^n-aud-daui'-hter of Gen. r.,u- 
man Wad hams. 

Captain R<Hie! W. Arnold. Ii\ the service froni Septem- 
ber. 18G1, to April 8. 1S(;2 

Captain Charles .\. Davis. Went out as a cori>:>ral. al- 
though only seventeen, aud was promoted 2nd LieutenanT 
Oct. iij, 1S(U. 1st Eieurenaut of Company E. Nov. 1,"), IStU. 
and Captain April 2").;.') He is the son of Alvin Davis. 

Et. William [)oug!a.->s. In the service from September. 
ISCl to April. lSt;2. 

Lt. William F. r.,you. In December of 1862 promotid 
froin C>rderly Sergeant to 2nd Eieuteuaut. Killed iu tfi-' 
t'nfiny's works at S|iottsy Ivania. May 10, 1.S04. Son of 
Isaiie D. Lyon, and brother-in-law of Majoi- Stevens. 

2nd Lt. James H. Farnsworth. In the service from Sep- 
ti-mber. 1>^(;1. to Jan. a. l^t;2. 

Lt. Sorcl Fouutaiu. 2ud Lieutenant in the 77th Battal 
ion. St'rved throughout the war. 

Sergeant James E (lames. .Mustered in as a musician-. 


nisTOL'Y OF WKSTroirr 527 

liostma-^tf-r for the cotnv)any; lost a lej,' at IVteisbur^'. 
JunoLM. l.*;i>i. Half biothor of Major Stovi'Ds. and first 
keeper of tlje li;^ljthou»e at JJarbei's IViut. 

SorLTeant Hiram IJarties. Wounded at Antiotnm. dis- 
ibart;oil. re enlisted iu the P'ith X. Y. Taken prisoner, be 
was iu Libby prison tivc weeks, and iu the stockade at 
Salisbury. N. C six months. Cousin of Jain^s V. Ba.'-nes. a sou in tlie U. S. Navy. 

Serjf-ant Rex A. IJavens' Killed May H. I'^lH, in the 
l)attl.» of Cbancellursviile, at the crossiu;: ol the river. 
S»u of Asaii. I F?av. Mis, a-iJ brother of Mrs. Wiili^on Dou*;- 

iSer^'eaiil Flirani fJurt. Du-d o! wouckU n-ti-ived at the 
o.ittle of (" Cre.'k. Oot'»be>'. 1^'tU Son of Alvin Burt. 

Corporal <Ieori:e (i. Allen. Ivilled at Spottsylvaaia. May, 
1S»»4; son of Nathaniel All>'n. 

Hira!n Died Doc. 2-'). isci, at :\ieridian Hill. 

Wiliiam C<»il. Died at Fortress Monroe. April li>. ISoJ. 
son of Hinkley Coll. 

Oeorire W. Bi:.'elo\v. Died in lield ljo?>pital. Voanij.-*' 
Mills. Va.. April .HO. l!5»;2. 

.lobn Ormsbv. Died in lield hospital in Youu^'s* Mills. 
April 'j:i, istlii.' 

Itichard Kleurv. Died in hospital in New York. .Mav .'>. 

Frank Ilo-Niu^ton. Died i:i Doi)«^ias>. Hospitjl. W'a^h- 
tii>/ton. .May 21. 1S»J2. 

Dan \V. fsheiilon. Died at I/iberiy Hall buspitiil, .Mav 
."<». ISiiJ. Wli'-n .MeClellan t<;ok possessum of ihe lountry 
alon^' the Chiekah«*niMiy. near Itiohniond. the mansi<)n 
called Lib»-rty liall. uhich bad been the b:.-lhpkic<' of Pal- 
rick H^' turned info a hospilaN>y the L'nion troops, 
.^r-n of V\,iU IJ. Sheldou and ;;raudsoo ol Capt. Diu- 

Charles Faliuer. Died of an accid«Mita! wound in camp 
•^\ l*aitiek Station. Va . Mareh IH. l.-<i;:». 

Corpiiral .Janus A. Lawreiice. Losta lei^ al Petersbur*:, 
.Till).' 21. i>-»;i. 

.fohn Cross. WoiMided at ChaneeUorsv illo, Mav, IfXl 

Hrnry .lames. Woanded at b'roderieksljiir;:. .^iay. lS(i:{. 

Ch:.rle.-> Pierce. WounxJed iu tbe \VJ], May .'», 
J -'4. 


William I. (irt-jorv. Woumlr-d in tLi" Wil(LM-iu<ss. Mav 
<i. lS(i-l. 

Denuis Tlionias. Wouiidml in llu' Wildm-ness. .Mav tl. 

f:ber N. AIUm). son of Xathaiiiol. 

Corporal Cbauncey A. Baliou. 

Thomas lien son. 

Corporal James W. lii-jruill. Trausferr^-d to LT. S. Navy, ]8t;4. ^ , , . 

Corpora] tVrancis Maroin (iill. ■ -^ 

Lorrin Cole, sun of Tillinvrliast. '' '^'•'•r." 

Miebael Cuuloy. 

Roswoll B. Diekeuson. 

Georjje W. Doty. 

Charles T-iood speed. 

Rfvdolphus (iojds|>eed. 

ilenry 11. .Merrill. 

E/.ra -NJiner. 

Lewis Odell. 

Henry H. Riebards. 

Clbed Riui,'er. 

John H. Sawyei'. T<x^k small-pox in camp, and u'lis 
s(;nt home eon valeseeut ; discbar;;ed at Albany. October "<. 

Jaeob \ . vStfVensou. 

Corporal David Striuj^'ham. 

James Van OruLim. 

'J'heOiie lliindi-etl and I 'iLilitctMilli. 
Some single eiilistoients took ))lace iu the year follow- 
ing, and then, Anji^nst 4, 18G2, came the call of the pres- 
ident for three huudreil thousand additional troops. 
Another company was at once raised in Elizabethtown. 
with liobert \V. Iavii);j;st<^n as captain. This was 
(Hjmpauy F. of the llStli X. Y. V., and iu it were seven- 
teen \Vestj.x^it nion. The 118th was called "the "Adi- 
rondack" and contained three companies from Essex 
».t)a!itv. It was mustered into the sevvieo Auir. 2'J, and 




left Plattsburgli for the front Ocirly in September. The 
secoud lientonaut of Company F. (promoted firrst lieu- 
tenant the following year) was Williani Henry Steven- 
son, son of Thomas Stevenson, a fanner who lived in 
t!ie south part of the townshi]), so near the line that 
Watson makes the mistake of sayiuj^that Lt. Stevenson 
came frotn Moriah. A brother and three cousins were 
also in the service, all going out from the same ueigli- 

The 118th was attached to the Army of the James, 
and saw its first service in the defense of Saiiolk, Ya. 
In June of ]S(U the brigade to which the rej^iment be- 
longed was ordered to destroy parts of the liichmond 
and Fredericksburg railroad, and had a sharp skirmish 
with the enem}' near the South Anna river. It was at 
this time that Lt. Stevenson captured a slight breast- 
work wliich vvas obstinately maintained in the centre of 
the skirmish line of the Goi> federates. He called for vol- 
unteers, took the first five men who offered, made a 
rapid tiank movement behind some bushes on the right, 
and carried the breastwork with a rush. One of the 
Confederates was killed, one wounded, and thirteen 
others brought into the PVderal lines as prisoners. 
This dashing exploit made Stevenson a hero at once, 
and throughout his short career he was the pride of the 

In the spring of 18G4 Gen. B. F. Butler took com- 
njaud of the Army of the James and co-operated with 
Grant in his advance upon Kichmoud. The 118th was 
in the '2ud brigade, 1st division, iSth corps. Early iu 



May Geii. Beauregard lield Fort Davliu^^ on tlie Jainos, 
aiid Butler spent about six days, from the tenth to t]\e 
sixteenth, in an unsuccessful attem]>t to dislodge him. 
At thiee o'clock Monday morning, May 16, Beauregard 
attacked Butler and drove him from the outer works 
which he had captured. The 1.18th fell back fighting, tak- 
ing sbclter as they could beliiud redoubts and traverses. 
The tiring from the advancing Confederates was severe, 
and Capt. Livingston c)-ossing an oj)en space between 
two redoubts, was struck by a bullet in the shoulder, 
and his meu saw him fall. Lt. Stevenson sprang from 
the cover of an embankment and ran to his assistance, 
followed by four men of the same company. In the 
very act of stooping to lift Livingston from the ground, 
Stevenson was struck dead by a shot from the enemy, 
who were already upon them. Two of the men who 
followed him were captured, and afterward died in 
prison. 'Th.o other two succeeded in rescuing their 
ciiptain, and carried him with them in the rest of the 
retreat, althougli he was struck by another shot after 
they had reached his side. The fate of Stevenson, so 
gallant a sacrifice to loyalty and to duty, endeared him 
to his comrades, and has made him conspicuous among 
the military heroes of Westport. A monument to his 
memory stands in the little cemetery at Mullein brook, 
and upon the formation of the G. A. B. Post at Port 
Henry, after the close of the war, his name was given 
to it in commemoration of his bravery. 

Butler's army fell back to Bormnda Humlred and 
fortified. Soon afterv.ard th*-- 18th corps was taken iu 



transptn-ts; down tlio James river aiul up tlie J'*ainunky, 
ami laiuled at tho White House, to join tho Army of 
tiie Potomac iu tho campaifrri of (uaut against Ricli- 
moiul. Here tlio men of the llSth. met those <>f the 
77lli for tht; first time since tlie 77th lia<l left the wharf 
at West[>ort, two years au.l ei<;'ht months before. From 
tiie first of June to tiie twelfth there was constant fight- 
ing, with two uiisticc-essful assaults upon the Confeder- 
ate works. For eight days the two armies lay within 
the range of each others' fire, the sharpshooters pick- 
ing oft' many nion,--an ordeal as severe as anything 
experieneeii by the llSth during the whole war. This 
was the engagement at Coal Harbor, where the troops 
were forced to lie flat on the ground to escape the in- 
cessant fire of the enemy and the dead could not be re- 
moved or buried, but were thrown upon the breast- 
works, soon to form a nK)re dreadful menace to friend 
than to foe. Trees in thei'ear of tlic troops uere stripped 
of thuir b.irk and often cut entirely through by the mus- 
ketry fire fr«Mn the Confederate ranks. On the loth of 
•Tune the regiment took part in an assault upon Peters- 
l)urg in which it sutFered severely. For two months it 
lay before Petersburg, almost constantly under fire, and 
July 29 it stood drawn up in line waiting for the ex- 
]3!osion of the great mine which the Union troops had 
been so long preparing for the destruction of the Con- 
federate works. The mine was sprung with terrible 
effect, but the Confederate defense was still so determ- 
ined that the llSth was not ordered to the charge. 
From August 27 to September 27 the regiment was 



in camp upon tho soutli bauk of tlio Jaaif^s, and at this 
tioie tho OGtli, to which some AVestport men belonged, 
was attached to the same brigade — the second. Then 
came the assault and capture of Fort Harrison, or Bat- 
tery Harrison, on the nortli side of the Ja'.nes, one of 
the outer works of tho cily of jlichmonil. At three 
o'clock on the morning of September 20 the division 
crossed tlie James on a pontoon bridge, witli the second 
brigade in the advance. The fort which tliey were to 
attack hiy aboafc three miles up the river. Two ojiles 
of this distance lay tlirough -woods which were full of 
the enemy's pickets, and then they came to an open 
space which was commanded b}- the guns of the Con- 
federate batteries. The attacking column was formed 
by the 96th New York and the Sth Connecticut, 
supported by the First and Third brigades of the divi- 
sion. The llSlh New York and the lOtli New Hamp- 
shire were throvu out as skirmishers on either flank, 
the 10th New Hampshire on the loft and the 118th on 
tlie right. Both of these flanking regiments had just 
been armed witli the new Spencer rilie, at that time the 
most perfect fire-arm known, and one which required 
skillful and resolute marksmen to bring out its best 
work. "While the central column advanced to the at- 
tack, carrying the enemy's works in one grand rush, in 
the face of a furious fire of bullet, shot and shell, the 
llSth on the right put in tlieir ^\ork demoralizing tlie 
defense, picking off the gunners at their i)osts, and 
pouring in a discriminating fire upon the Confederate 
troops under which tiiey faltered and ran. The Union 



liieu swarmed over tho embaukmeut ami into tlio fort, 
the t'vo re^imeut^ in the ceutre plauting tlieir colors at 
the same time, and turning the guus of the batteries 
upon the fleeiujj^ foe. At the same time the llSth came 
in on the ri<^ht, am.] tho tirst two men who leaped into 
the red'.^ubt and tr;iined tlie gims to fire upon the re- 
treat were Nelson J. Gibbs, one of our own men, born 
under tli«; shadow of Coon mountain, and Henry J. 
Ada,ms, an Elizabethtown man. In Gen. Butler's ad- 
dress to the army of tho James, a few weeks later, the 
name of Lieutciiiint Gibbs i>; mentioned first in the otii- 
cial c'ocnmendation which the incident received. 

Mr. Gibbs at this time held the rank of 2nd Lieuten- 
ant of Company 1, soon afterward made first Lieuten- 
ant. The words of the address of Major-General But- 
ler, dated at "Headquarters,, Department of Virginia 
and North Carolimi, Army of the James, before Rich- 
mond, Oct. 11, ISfVj," are these: 

"Lieut«. N. J. Gibbs and H. J. Adams of the same 
regiment, the first men in the ledoubts, are commended 
for their ))r3sence of mind in turning the enem3''s gnns 
to bear upon them. They are respectfully recommended 
to His Excellency t!je Governor of New York for pro- 
motion." This recommendation, in the case of Lt. 
Gibbs, resulted in his receiving a brevet commission as 
Captain, "for gallant conduct at the attack on Fort 
Harrison, Sept. 29, 1SG4," signed by Reuben E. Fenton, 
Governor. That is the kind of a commission vn Inch it 
is very gratifying to receive, and the native town of the 
recipient immediately took the honor to itself. AVhen 



tho accouiil of the taking of Fort Ilariison came out iu 
tl.e nowspppors, a number of our principal citizens 
started a subscription paper which bore tlie signatures 
of about twenty men, the first being tliat of the Hon. 
George AV. Gofl", then the owner of the Jacksonville 
property, who had a son i]i tlie service himself. A 
handsome silver-mounted revolver was purchased and 
presented to Captain Gibbs upon his return, as an ac- 
knowledgment from his fellowtownsmen of tlie distinc- 
tion which had been conferred upon Westpovt through 
him. He was then twenty-two years of age. 

The Westport men io Cajttaiii Livingston's ccmpany 
were : 

Captain Nelson J. Gibbs. Sou of Merrill and Abigail 
Gibbs. Married first, Theresa, daughter of Aaron Clal-k ; 
second, Jennie, daughter of James Kicbards. 

Lt. William H. Stevenson. Killed Mav Itl. 1SH4. Son 
of Thomas Stevenson. 

John Flinn. Killed iu action ; brother of Jerrv and 
Michael Flinn. 

Nev.-ton Merrill. Died at Gloucester Point. N'a.isonof 
Noel Merrill. 

George Wright. Died in F. S. hospital, St. Dennis, Md. : 
sou of Flij;ih 'Wri^.^ht. 

William L. Fri.sbie. Died in hospital near Relay House, 
Md., Feb. F). lSf;3,aged twenty. Son of Levi Frisbie, and 
irrandson of Ca})t. Levi Frisbie. 

f^gbert Braman. Son of Jason, and grandson of Capt. Brainau; afterward entered the ministrv of the M. 
E. church. 

John Ormi.ston. Died at Youn<,''s Mill.s, \'a,. MavL ]8i;2. 
^ Henry Welch. Was brought home sick by his father, 
Fleazar Welcli, and died upoo the wharf at Westport im- 
meuiatelv after landing from t!)2 steumboat. 

William Ringer. 

Adolph James. 

I>ambert Cros.s. 

Alviu T. Rurt. 


ijJSTOh'v OF wijsrrn/n' /iSo 

Yia!/a Roberts, of Lou-is. Aflorv/ard praclicecl modiciuo 
iu West port. 

Ilirani Lainpmaa. 

Joseph fkirdy. 

Henry Southard. 

Cotiaot Sawyer. Could not pass the mcdioal exaniiua. 
tion necessary to cnhstmeut, for the rcasoii that he was 
totally blind iu cue eye, ris the result of an accident in boy^ 
hood. Knowino; this, he applied to Captain Livin^^stou iu 
person, and be^rged so bard to be allowed to <^o with the 
company that the captain took hira, j^ivlng him the task of 
caring for his horse, and other duties about his person. 
One of his brothers had been already killed, and two oth. 
firs were in the service, 

"J'he Ninet^'-Six^tli New York, 

There were uiue Westport nioa iu thi.s regiment at 
different times. 

Sergeant Austin Braisted, Co. K. Sou of Darius 

Sergeant Hiram Barnes. Re-eulisted iu the 9Gth 
afte)" haviuo- been discharged from the 77th on account 
of wounds received at Autietam. Captured, iu Libby 
prisou five weeks, iu Salisbury stockade, sis months. 

Silas W. l^'liun, sou of Jerry Fiiuu. Died iu Salis- 
bury stockade. 

Leouidas Barnes. Brother of Hiram. 

Fred Matthews. 

John Tucker. 

Zemmett Couchey. 

Kobert Tyler, Co. C. 

Dr. Piatt 11. H. Sawyer was hospital steward in the 
42ud N. Y., was promoted to assistant surgeon in the 
1-J2nd X. y., ;iud then full suri.'eon in the 9Gtl) N. Y. 



Other Ile^Lnients. 

There were two Westport men iu Conipauy F, 99th 
U. S. lufantry, Hosea Sayre, who died at Braudy Sta- 
tion, Va., April 28, ISG-i, and Ed. Sweatt. ' 

Other men in infantry regiments were : 

Frank Whipple, corporal in Co. E, 12th N. Y. 

Henry Bromley, 14th N. Y. 

Walter GofT, .sou of George W. Goff, belonged to the, or the "Ellsworth Avengers." 

Robert Hooper, enlisted at Ogdeusburgh in the 105th 
N. Y. 

Ed. Ftoss, 121st N. Y. 

Some of our men enlisted in other states. Daniel F. 
Payne enlisted in Burlington, A't., Sept. 1801, in the 
5th Vermont Volunteers; was wounded at Savage Sta- 
tion June 29, 1862, losing his right arm and receiving 
injuries in the head ; left behind in the retreat of Mc- 
Clellan, he was a prisoner in Eichmond four weeks, was 
then exchanged and sent to the hospital in Philadel- 
phia ; served to Sept. 1862. 

Charles P. Sheldon, son of Piatt Pt. Sheldon, enlisted 
from his home in Iowa. William Welch and Edwin 
Barnes also enlisted in Iowa. Peter llinger went out 
from California, and was killed iu the service. Zenas 
Clark went from Maine, Ed. Holcombfrom New Hamp- 
shire, and Joseph Estey from Vermont. Edward -Os- 
borne was in the 17th Vermont Vokinteers, which was 
the last regiment raised in Vermont. It was mustered 
iu Oct. 17, 1861, fought at Petersburg!!, pursued Lee's 


army until its sun-eialer, aiul w;is nuiBtered out July 
•22, 1865. 

Alviu Farr was in the ITtli Miohi<::;an, and Lewis 
Potter in the 21st Wisconsio, the latter badly wouuded 
in the battle of Lookout Mountain. 

Samuel K. Dunster was hospital steward in the 2ith 

Dr. Wiliiarn H. Richardson was a volunteer surf];eon 
in the Arujy of the Potomac after the battles of the 
SVilderness in ISGL He was stmt to the Assembly the 
same year. 

Some names have been f^iven me which I have been 
unable to assif^u to the proper regiment : 

Augustus Averj-, Silas Allen, Darwin Buck, Henry 
Counter, October Counter, John Decker, James Fee. 
William Harper, John McConley, Dan McCouley, James 
MoGray, Felix McMaonus, Lewis Ilaymond, Charles 
Shambo, llobert Slaughter, Ptichard \Tiuter (belonged 
to a Zouave regiment), aud Charles Young. 

Benoui T. West is buried here, but probably enlisted 
from North Hudson. 

Cavali-y Iveyrinieiits. 

We had thirty-sis; men iu the cavalry arm of the serv- 
ice, fourteen belonging to the Second New York Veteran 
Volunteer Cavalry, a regiment which saw most of its 
service in the western camjiaigus. 

Allen Talbot Co. D. 

Joseph Sunn. 

Levi Harris. 

Oscjxr Phinney, enlisted Sept., ISGI), in Co. E. 

j.-M' msTouY OF wTsn'oirr 

Josiali Strattou, Co. 11 • •'" 

William Floyd, sou of Xian^om, 

Etlwftrd Harper. ■ ' 

Edward Harper; Jr. '^ 

Silas Frazier, ; . ■ •' •• 

l^auiel JaQies. • ' 

Johu E. Gro^^or} . ' •• 

xVlexis Sarswoll, 

Robert StovensoQ. Brotlior of Lieut. Stevenson <i 
the llStU. 

Carl vie H, Toj'ranoe, Co. L, .served from Feb. 18C-ltci 
Nov. 3SG.J. J] 6 now has a son in the Piiilii^june war. 

Nine were in tlie Eleventh New York Cavalry, oi 
"Scott's Nine Hundred." Tiiij; regiment went iro'.n 
^Yashiugton to New Orleans, and took part in the ope- 
rations ou the M,issist.sippi, then went eastward through 
Tennessee and made a junctioii with Sheruian's ai-niy, 
after it had gone "Marching through Ge<ngia." 

James E. Paiten, Co. C. 

Edwin Jriwrcnce, Co. C. 

Leslie Smith, Co. C. 

Solomon Deyo, Co. 1. 

Alexis Brothers, Co. I. 

Cassins Joubert, Co. I. Died in Batoii li(<uge» L:i.> 
Oct. 27, 1S61, of typhoid fever, at the ag>' of nineteen. 
]ii-other of Napoleon J(jubeit. 

H. L. Degro'ti". 

Benjamin Albert livrre>tt. The marble-cutter ;it 
Wjidhams who cut the name of John Bi'owu upon th'- 
auoieut tombstone a.t Nortli I' 


Oliver Dana Barrett, liis hrothor, a graduate of 
tlio University of Venuout. Itaiscd a battalion in 
"Scott's Nine Hinidred." Practiced law in Washing- 
ton from 1SG7 until his death in 1901, being the lav/ 
])artner of Gen. 13. F. Butler and executor of his e:->tate. 

We had seven wen in the Second >Jev\- York Cavahy, 
called the "Harris Inght Brigade," naajed after 
Senator Ira tTarris of Alban}'. Tiiis regimeiit belonged 
to the Army of the]-*otoniac, and when the monument to 
its memory was erected on the field of Gettysburg, one 
of the speakers said of it : "The story of the marches, 
raids, skirmishes and fights of this regiment from the 
Potomac to the Fiappahaunock, from the Rappahan- 
n(X;k to the Eapidan, from the Kapidan to Gettysburg 
back through the valley of Tirgiuia to Appomattox, is 
best told by the traces of bullets upon its battle flags." 
Our men were : 

Julius Blongy. 

Culbert Matthews. 

Lafayette Lasher. 

A. C. Const^antiue. 

Charles Constantiue, his son. 

Elbert M. Johnson. 

Chauucey Hodgkins. 

Five men joined Company IT of the Fifth New York 
Cavalry. This comjiany was raised in Crown Point \i\ 
Captain John Hamnumd, afterward Colonel of the reg- 
iment and brevet Brigadier-General, in the summer of 
1801. The company was mounted lapon one hundred 
.-'.nd ci^'dit horses, njan^- of M-hich v ei'e puiclui^i d in 


54(t jfisTonr OF wh'STj'(jjrf 

Westport. Col. HaiDinond hiiuaclf roilo a "West port 
horse. The ref^'imciit was orj^^-iuiztLl with one thc-nsHU.] 
uuil sixty-four uiouiited men, and i\l the eiicl of the w;ir 
only seven of tlie original horses still remained. 

The Fifth New York Cavalry had a brilliant career 
in ^'ii-^inia and in the Shenandoah valley, where it was 
coinniandovl by Gt;ns. Wilson and Custer. There it 
fought in the line next the 7 7th New York Infantry. At 
Gettj-sbuigh, uj)on July 3, it stood u]»on the extreme 
left, supporting Elder's Battery, and made a gallant 
charge at t-he base of Big Hound Top. Its rnouuuieni 
upon that battle-lield bears a beautitul bas-relief of a 
cavalryman upon hi.-s horse, arid the legend, "oth X. Y. 
Cavalry, 1st Brig. 3rd Div. Cavahj' Cori)s.*' Watson 
says : "By an auspici(jus fortune the Tifth had fougljt 
at Hanover. Pa., the iirst battle on free soil ; it was the 
first XTnion regiment that crossed the Ibipidan in Grant's 
oauipajgn ; it reeeived the ii>st shoek at the battle of 
the \\'iJ,de)'ness, and was the last to leave the iiehl." 

John G. Viall was appointed Second Lieutenant oi' 
Company H in December of 1861, First Lieutenant iu 
Se]>tember of 1SG2, and Captain in April of ISOI. His 
father, William ^'iall, and his grandfather, John Gree- 
ley, had both seen service in the war of 1812, and his 
great-grandfather, John Greeley, fought as a boy ?.t the 
battle of Bunker Hill. 

Other Westport men in Company H were Abram 
Sherman, DeWitt tloopeVj Thomas Rosa aud Andrew 
J. Daniels. 


IIISTOllY OF W/:ST/'0,\'T 541 

Xu}^oleon Joabert belonged to the Fourlli New Y6)-k 

"William Shernum, biutber ot Al)rain, sorveil upon 
the poiniisuJa before Yoiltowu ia the 10th Michigan 

Col. Fi'aiicir- T_j. Lee. 

There is a book iu the villa^^e lil)rary called "The 
lieeord of the Service of th.; l'\): ty-fourlh ]\Iassachu- 
setts Yolunteor 3I)litia in Xorth Carolina, August 18G2 
to May 1S03." It is dedicated "To the Memory of our 
Commander, Comrade and Friend, Colonel Francis L. 
Lee," stating the fact that Col. Lee died while tlie book 
was passing through the press. From these ])ages the 
following facts have been gatliered. 

Mr. Lee had been for years a member of the New 
England Guards, ?. military organization of Boston 
whicli was founded during the war of 1812, and which 
♦MKlureil until September ISG'2, when it was merged into 
thu Forty-foai th ^Massachusetts. When Presideut Lin- 
coln issued the call f*)r three l.uindred tliousand troops 
for nine mouths, August 4, 1862, Mr. Lee was at home 
with his famil}- at Stony Sides. When he read the news 
of the PresideiU's call iu the pa])ers, he started immedi- 
ately for Boston, which he reached on the evening of 
August 7, going at once to the.armory where the Fourth 
Battalion were assembled. As he entered, the men 
were bigcjing the roll fnr the new regiment, in the midst 
of cheers and enthusiasm. Mr. Leo was then Major, 
l>ut soon afterward receive.l his commission as colonel 
(-1 the regiuitMit, and on .iugust 29 they w<-v\ ^vA'-^ ci'iuj) 


.5-/2 JlhSTOKY OF WLST/'Oh'T 

at lieadville, near Boston, where tney reinaincLl until 
they were t^rdered to the front Octobtn- 23. We quoto 
the "liecorcl :" 

"Whfiu we wont to JieaJvillc, Colonel Lee was plaee<l 
iu command of canip, witli military jarisdictiou over a 
territorial radius of one mile. Although neither of our 
field officers believed in the piinciple of total absti- 
nence, they realized the evil influence caused by undue- 
indulgence in intoxicating drinks, and for- this reason, 
as well as to set an example to the men under tlicir 
command, they mutuallj' resolved not to taste any winv'> 
or ardent s]-)irits while the}' were iu the service of the 
United States, a resolution to which they scrupulously 
adhered. Colonel Lee in particular felt very strongly 
about this matter, and waged a relentless war against 
'traffickers in the ardent' v;ho attempted to establish 
booths near our camp," 

A largo pioportion of the Forty-fourt]! were Ijostnn 
clerks, and there were seventy- live Jlarviird students in 
the regiment. Camp life was enlivened by concerts of 
classical music, and at one time a whole oj)era was com- 
posed and rendered by some of the soldiers for 
the entertainment of the rest. Their attention 
to their appearance on parade gave theni the nam-^^ 
of the "kid glove regiment," but it was acknowledged 
that there was the same thoroughness about their fight- 
ing. The Forty-fourth was assingned to the 2nd bri- 
gade, 4th division, IStli Army Corps, Department of 
North Carolina, and its chief service was iu the ojje- 
rati(ms aUnit New Ijerno and WashiuL'ton, N. C. Their 


i/iST()/n' OF whSTroirr 54:i 

banner Iteavs tlie uames of '•Kinston, Wliituhall, CroKli=- 
boro, Dec. 1SG2," and "Washington, April, 1803." It 
.vas after this engagement of Washington, X. C, (oaHetl 
"Little Wnshingtou") that it was reported in the ]-)a- 
jiers that CoL Lee had been killed. Not the least in- 
teresting page of the "Record" is tliat which cordains 
portraits of the field and stalV oiiieers of the Forty- 
fnurtii, with the -familiar tigure of Colonel Lee in the 
centre, iu his nniform, with sash and sword am:! mili- 
tary cap. Tlie regiment wds mustered out Juno IS, 

Two men bcn'u in Westport attained to the rank of 
13rigadier-General after removing to other places. One 
;vas John Tyler Cutting, half-ln-othei' of Dr. Sewall 
S. Cutting, who served iu the civil war from the state 
of Califfnuia, and was for nine years connected with 
the National Guard of Califcn-nia as Lieutenant, jLajor, 
Colonel and Brigadier-General. 

The otlipr was Alonzo Alden, born at Wadharas Mills, 
July 18, 'Ib'SL His fidher was Isaac AlJeu, a descend- 
ant of John Alden of the Mayflower. Alonzo Alden 
graduated from Williams College in 1S50 and entered 
the law ot^ce of Gale iV: Alden of Troy. In 18G1 he re- 
ceived a commission as Lieut.-Colouel of thelC9th N.Y. 
V. He led the charge of the regiment at Coal Harbor, 
A'a., and was the first to stand on the works of tlie 
enemy, himself jilanting upon the redoubt the colors 
which he had snatched from the hand of the color 
bearer as he fell, shi.t dead. Lt. Col. Aldc-n was at this 
time uo!;uJi,ii in tlnr head, but alter two nioiith.-. at 

.-H/ III STORY OF wKsrroirr 

home he retniueil to datv, this tiaie as C'oluuel. Hf- 
led the IG'.Hh at Fort Fislier, ami wXmw tlie fort was 
captured was phiced in command of it. Tlie enemy ex- 
ploded a mine beneath the fort, and Cohmel xVUlen witli 
a hundred of liis men was blown thirty feet in the air. 
From tht- injuries received at that time he never recov- 
ered, and in recoguitiun of hi.s bravery was brevettcil 
Brigadier.-Gtmural. The remainder of liis life was spent 
in Troy, where he held the oflice of pustmaster froij-; 
186G to 1874. 

A list of the daughters of Westport who liave marricl 
military men w<jnld be interesting, l;>ut liHid to njake 
complete. Tlie husband of Emeline \\"adiiaras, John 
E. Burton, was C;iptain of the 11th X. Y. independent 
Battery, Lij^ht Artillery, U. 8. Y., and was brevetted 
Major. I'he first husband of Frances Wad hams, Geort^e 
D. Davenport, was Captaiti of Co. B, 5th Yt. Yuls.,and 
was killed in action at the Battle of tlie Wilderness. 
May 5, lo(?l. Her second husband, El)ene/er J. Orms- 
bee, was Captain of Co. G, lith Yt. Yoh., and after- 
ward Governor of the state of Yeru)ont. 

The record of Captain Albion Yarette Wadhams, l\ 
S. X., is as follows : Appointed midshipman in the 
V . S. Navy, Sept. 24, ISHl; graduated from the Naval 
Academy in ISHS, promcjted to Ensign A])ril 10, ISlJO ; 
to Master July 12, 1S70 ; to Lieutenant March 25, 187"). 
to Lieut. Commander July 21, 1S04, to Commander 
March 3, 1800, to Captain Dec. 27, 1904. The naval 
history of C:iptain Wadhams presents manv picturesiph^ 
det^iils oi St rvii-e on ilU uu.r f'-xci-iA a.ud Uoaio statiu.i;--. 



with prosftutations at courts aud participation iu iiiauy 
a sharp, fight. Duriug the Spanish war ho whs iu 
command of the patrol of our coast from Mobile to 
Mexico. Iu 1803 he bof,'au lecturin*.; upon his experi- 
ences in the navy, and has become famous as a public 
speaker. He makes his summer home at Wadhams 
Mills, aud will sometimes entertain the people there 
who remea)ber him as a boy with one of the lectures 
wliich he has delivered to lai'>^e audiences all over the 
United States. 

Albion James Wadhams, sv)n of Captain Wadhams, 
entered the U. S. Naval Acadeuiy at Annapolis Sept. 4, 
1891 ; Giradnated and was commissioned Ensign July 1, 
1897, and Lieutenant, Junior Grade, July 1, I'JOO, lie- 
si;!ned May 5, IDOl. 

Tho W«^i-lv of 111*- Women. 

And what part did onr women take in the war, be- 
sides the involant!?,ry role of waiting and weeping at 
home, with the whole interest of existence centered in 
the news from the front? We are fortunate iu that 
this question can be fully answered, so far as details go, 
by the records of the Soldiers' Eelief Society which was 
formed as soon as Company A had left for Saratoga. 
November '23, ISOi, is the first date in the little manu- 
script book which is still preserved by the secretary' of 
the society, and which has W-en kindly lent to the wri- 
ter. The constitution is written out iu full and the ob- 
ject of "The Ladies* Soldier's Jlc'ief Society of West- 


port" tliiis dofJncJ : "To meot the present enieroency, 
aud respond tr tho call of the ^overnmeut for aid in re- 
lieving the wants of the sick and wounded in our army, 
aud also to supply those who may need suitable cloth- 
ing to make them comfortable." This was womanly 
work indeed, aud it is plaiu that the society was faith- 
ful to its calling. The names of fifty women, and 
■ twenty-one njeii a.-; honorary members, aic vvritten in 
the little book. Time goes so fast, and we liave every 
reason to believe that it will go no moie slowly after 
this book is printed than it has gone before, that I have 
added notes of explanation after each name, so far as I 
was able, so that after another fifty years these women 
may have yet some slight token of remembrance for thf 
generation to whom they will bo great-grandmothers. 
Every woman in her native town has (if she marries) 
two distinct names, her own, and her husband's. I have 
given both- tliese names whenever I could. 

Mrs. Yv'illiam Kichards (Mary Ann Henderson). Her 
son Henry was in Co. A. 

Mrs, Freeborn H. Page (Phebe Ann Yiall). A brother 
in the Fifth X. Y. Cavalry. 

Mrs. ^Yilliam Frisbie (Mary Orr.). 

Mrs. Piatt Sheldon (Aseuath Braman). Two son? in 
the service, one killed. 

Mrs. Henry Eddy (Marietta Hickok). 

Mrs. Barton B. Richards (Aln^ira Newell). 

Mrs. AVm. Harris (Jane Piachel Kent). 

]Mrs. T. W. Harwood, wife of the Methodist minister. 


]Mis. Harry J. Persons (Maria Holcomb;. A sou who 
died iu hospital. 

3Irs. Abiathar Pollard (Hauiiali Douglass). 

Mrs. Eeuben AThallou (Helen Mary Douglass). 

Mrs. Harriet M. Todd (the village milliner). 

Mrs. L. Edgorton (Lucetta Lovehmd). • . 

Mrs. Willard 3 ugalls (Elizabeth Greeley). 

Mrs. Pialph A..Loveland, (Harriet Kent). 

Mrs. Victor Spencer (Augusta Kent). 

Mrs. Aaron P>. Mack (Jane Mclvinuey). 

Mrs. Edmund J. Smith (Emma Larrabee). 

Mrs. William Wadhams (Emeline Cole). 

Mrs. Joseph Williams (Elizabeth Sheldon). 

Mrs. Guy Stevens (Mabel Stoddard). Tivo sous iu 
the 77th. 

Mrs. Isaac Lyon (Lucinda Holcomb). Her son AV'il- 
liam was killed in Virginia. 

Mi's. Wm. H. Piichardson (Elizabeth Spencer.) 

Mrs. Miles MT. Sawyer (Caroline Halstead). Eour 
sou.'i it} the war, one killed. 

Mrs. J. Nelson Barton (Pliebe Maria Sawyer, her 

Mvs. William Davis. 

Mrs. Albert P. Cole (Julia Hickok). 

Mrs. S. Mclntyre. 

Mrs. Elijah Newell (Harriet Baker). Two sons in 
the Confederate service. 

Mrs. Harriette Young. A son in the army- 
Mrs. Alviu Davis. Son in the 77th. 

Mrs. Saniuel Boot (Cynthia Fisher). 


Mrs. Ti. OJell. 

Mrs. Grililn. 

Mrs. C. B. Hatch (:\rargaretta Winans). 

Mrs. Potter. 

Mrs. Tatro (Imsbaud iu the 77tli). 

Mrs. Jerry FUdii. Her son Silas died in Salisbury, 
X. C. ' 

Mrs. Capt. Arnold (Marion Barberj. 

Mrs. A. X. Grecloy. 

Mrs. M. L. Dauiels. 
■ Miss Susan A. Roberts. 

Miss M. A. Sheldon. 

jNliss A. Heath. 

Miss H. Holcomb. 

Miss Eliza M. Lyon, who afterward married Major 
C. E. Stevens. 

Miss M. ^L Holcomb. 

Miss Clara Spencer, a litfle girl six or .seven years 

Miss Ann Gibl;>s, sister of Captain Gibbs. 
llorior-am^ ^Nleinbei-.s. 

Barton B. Biichards, John J. Greeley, C H. Eddy, 
Victor Spencer, Aaron B. Mack, Ilev. Mr. Harwood, of 
the M. E. church, Orren Howard, Freeborn H. Page, 
William Frisbie, Wm. H. Richardson, M. D., Lewis 
Roe, D. L. Allen, L. B. Newell, just beginning his first 
.school in Westport, William Richards, J. W. Eddy, 
William Merriam, Walter Douglass. Wallace Olds, 
Jerry Fliuu, Samuel Root, Henry Warren. 

The articles collected and c-onipletod r* Kly for pack- 

]ll STORY OF W J : ST PORT r>40 

iiig at the fourth meeting of tlio society, Doc. IS, lSf)l, 
were as foHows : 4:2 comfoitaMes, 32 pillows and cases, 
16 hospital shirts, 3 clressitij:; p;o\vns, 4G white; linen 
towels, 22 brown tcnvels, 50 pair mittens, 12 pair socks, 
2 knit caps, 10 pocket haoclkercliiefs, a large quantity 
of lint and bandages^ a large ainouijt and variety of 
dried fruit, 1 chi^ose, 1 vol. military tactics, some other 
books and pap(,'rs. This list represouis a great many 
stitches taken by women's hands in a month's time, for 
not one article was factory made, and there was hardly 
a sewing machine in town, — indeed, I doubt if theie 
was a single one. The record goes on : "Several gen- 
tlemen volunteo'ed to assist in procuring boxes, mark- 
ing, packing, etc. Mr. William Trisbie and Mr. Jerry 
Flinn both volunteered to carry the boxes to the ex- 
press office in Vcrgennes, and Mr. Peter Ferris offered 
to ferry them across tlie hdce free of charge. The two 
boxes were consigried to the care of Mr. Frisbie who 
cari'ied them to Yergennes Monday morning, ]3ec. 23, 
18<j1, and returned a receipt from the express office for 
the same. Collected sll.50 to pay the express charges 
from Yergennes to Washington. The boxes were re- 
ceived in good order by Co A, TTtli lleg't N. Y. S. A .., 
to. v.'hom they were sent. After they were opened, the 
company at their evening dress parade gave nine hearty 
cheers for the Ladies of Westport, which were taken 
up and repeated by every company in the regiment. 
Many letters were written home by various members of 
the company overflowing with tluuiks, and stating that 
the gifts were ;vp[>reciatod iis only ^uldiers upon the 

■^■^0 fU^iTOnV OF WESTlVjRT 

tented tioKl could a])prcciate sucli favors from friends 
at Lome." 

The furtbcr records of this society, being probably 
kept upon loose sheets, have been lost, but their meet^ 
lugs and their work were continued. After three years 
the society was reorganized. It is well-known that the 
National Sanitary Commission was not thoroughly or- 
ganized for ihA, gigantic task of supplying the needs of 
our soldiers in camp and on the battle field until the 
last years of the war. The Secretary's book begins : 

"According to previous notice the patriotic^Ladies 
and Gentlemen of ^Vestport convened in the Methodist 
church August 15, ISCh Mr. William Frisbie was 
called to the chair. C. H. Xash (the Baptist minister) 
elected secretary pro tem. After listening to interesting 
remarks from gentlemen present, the meeting }.roceeded 
to organize a Ladies' Society by electing tlic following 
ofiicers : 

Mrs. Kalph A. Lovcland, President. 
Mrs. F. H. Page, Yice-President. 
Mrs. William Piehards, Secretary. 
Mrs. William Frisbie, Treasurer.""!^. 
Mrs. William Harris. 
Mrs. I). L. Allen (Clara Page). 
Mrs. A. M. Olds. 
Mrs. James Allen (Mary Cole). 
Mrs. Mabel Stevens. 

Mrs Gold (wife of the Methodist minister). 
Mrs. Ilurrv Col.,'. 


ifisTORY OF wj-STPoirr rj,n 

Mrs. Piatt Shekloji. 

Mrs. Heury E. ^Yarre^l (Mii;a i^risbie). , . 

Mrs. Samuel Root. 

Miss Kate Alleu (two brotlior^j iu the war). 

Mis8 Delia Frislijo. 

The Dames fouud iu the list of members are, iiluiost 
without exceptioii, the same as those of the ori^y'ual bo- 
i'iety, Avitli these added : . 

Mrs. Cephas Bradley. . ; 

3Irs. Noel Merrill (Pamela Cole). She hud two sons 
and a brother in the army. 
■ Mrs. Pieuben Tugalls (Mandaua Holt). 

Mrs. James Barnes (her husband in the armv). 

Mrs. C. E. Stevens (Eliza Lyon, married siiice the 
orj^anization of the first sorictv), 

Mrs. Warren Pooler. 

Mrs. H.Colo. 

.Mrs. Gibbs. 

Mrs. Albert Carpenter (Mary Sheldon). 

Mrs. E. B. Xeweli (Sarah Pnrmort). 

Mrs. Braisted. 

Mrs, Alexander Stevenson. 

Mrs. Ransom Floyd (Julia Alien, of Pantou;. 

Mrs. Andrew Frisbie. 

31 rs. William Douglass (Marian Havens) 

Mrs. M. Howard. 

!Mrs. Angier. 

3Irs. INI. Hoisiugton. 

Mrs. Stephen Wright (wife of the Baptist minister). 

3Irs, StiutcvuiU. 

/T.ii> insToin' OF \vi:sTP(}]n- 

Misses Altniia Grecli'v, S.irali Lyon, ]-^i-aucc-s Love- 
];uu1, Libbio Lovelaiul, Clara SpeDcer, Franc-r^s liicb- 
ards, Lillian C. Ricliaras, H. Stnrtevant, C. Harris, 
Louise Okls, Louiso Dornian, Louise Allen, AlzoaEoecl, 
Carrie AVright, Nona Gold, Juliette Gold, Martha 
Young, Tiseresa Clark, Jennie Cole, Louise Cole, Helen 

Additional honorary members : Eev. Mr. Gold, Eev. 
C. H. Nash, Aaron Clark, Douglass Low, Henry H. 
Richards, John H. Sawyer, Albert P. Cole, Erastus 
Loveland, AVilliam Har)'is, E. Erap-ier, A. M. Olds, 
Orange Gibbs, Isaac D. Lyon, M. D. Howard, H. 1). 
Howard, Peter Ferris, Charles H. Pattisou, William J. 
Cole, Laurens "White, Peter Bacon, Eeuben Ingalls, G. 
W. Stranahan, Lorenzo Gibbs, John Osborne, O. Ben- 
nett, Frank H. Eddy, Percival P. Hatch, Charles W. 
Low, J. H. Dorman, Mr. .Mitcljcll, A. Viall, L. Avery, A. 

The name of the new society was "The Ladies' Sol- 
diers Eelief Socie'ty Auxiliary to the Christian Commis- 
sion of the United States " It was addressed once oj- 
twice by speakers sent out by the Ciiristian Commis- 
sion from its headquarters at Philadelphia, and it was 
to Philadelphia that the boxes of supplies were sent. 
The committee iov drafting the constitution of the so- 
ciety consisted of Mrs. Gold, Mrs. Ealpli Loveland, Mrs. 
William Eichards and Mrs. Victor Spencer, with the 
iLev. Mr. Gold and ^Iv. L. B. Newell. The committee 
appointed to pack and forw aid the first boxes of supplies 
was :\rrs. F. H. Page, 3Irr^. V. Silencer and Mrs. C. E. 

iiisroin' or \vi:srrnirr r>r.:i 

Stevens. "On motion Mossr.-^. );. 11. Ki<-Ii;inl.s nnd V.W. 
Pui^'C; ^\\ vo invitijd to assist tiio coniinittee by fui)iisli- 
inu; boxes, ni;n'kin<^, ete., wliicli iissistance was c-lu'.er- 
fully rendered." Four bt^xes wore fiu waidrd Sept. 1, 
ISGl, and two afterward, eontainiui^' articles similar to 
those in the iirst which uere st-nt, with sonic addition-;, 
especially currant wine and blackl)erry cordial. One 
day all the youii;'; jv^oph- of the villa,L;'e went into the 
l)ack part of the town to pick' Idackbt- rries which were 
jnaile into cordial and sent to the sohlier-^. On Octo- 
ber 21 a festival avus lield in the liaseincnt of the M. E. 
(diurch at winch t!ie ladies served ice-creatn, c ike and 
j)nit. The tw(-) yonnj:^ ladies appointed to solicit con- 
tributions wi^re Frances Loveland and l'"iances llich- 
ards. At the festival sn4.2o was raised, and nIOO.OO 
innnediately sent to the Christian Coininission. In 
about two months the society raised iJlTti.O.j. besides 
the su]'plies sent in six boxes. Once a piece of sheet- 
inj^ containin|.; thirty-eight yards was puicliased "to 
Make into gariniints for hospital purposes," and the 
bill was s21.t)(), nndiing the price of cotton cloth at that 
time a little over Hfty-.five cents a yanl, t!ie t]nality 
proba'uly no bettei- than that for wliicli ue now pay 
seven cents. At <Mie time one hundred })ounds of ihied 
fruit and eight ;j;allojis of Idackberry cordial and currant 
wine wore sent t^) the soldiers. 

This was tlie tirst womati's society ever organized ([ 
^ujipose) in Westjiort, broupiht about by the pressurt; 
of a nation's need for woman'.s work. Public ineetinj^s 
*siie Ijcld in l)otli i-iinrclie.s often atldressed by speak- 

->.)4 lUSTUliY OF WKsrrOUT 

evs fi'oin, Tlie meetiiii^s for sowing ainl lli.) 
trausaotioa of l>usiLujss were hfild in the l)ri'-,0mc!}ts of 
tliQ chnrolios, ninl in the "Iloeh;ibitos' Hall" over C. 13. 
Hatf'h's store. Tlit^so details, so dry to ;; .s( r:ii)i.fer, art> 
full of life to (^3ie who oau reiiiumber the woineu as tl>\v 
sat at work tooethor, talking about battles aud cariip>t 
aud hospitals, and dropping many a te^w npoa the shirts 
and the mittons. In those days thoy all v.ore hojps^ 
;iud dresses were often tluunoed froai heai to waist. 
The hats were tiny iUt things, and the hair was wia-n 
in a large braided coil at the back of the head, call-d a 

The iigures which have beiMi given by no means rep- 
r-.-eut all the su[)plies actually ^eiit, iis there were many 
individual contriinUi(Mis, and tljere w;is a lar-ge auiount 
of work done at Wadhams, nlthoiigli there see-u^ks {•■>, 
have been no regularly organiz.ed. society tliere. Ont- 
piece of the wcjuicu's work has h.een mare lasting thao 
the rest, a fjiiiU which was u\a<hj no and ss nt io the 
boys of Comjiauy A. The i)lo.cks v...'re ]>ink, an'] in th... 
centre of earli was a square of v/hite mnslin, Each wo- 
man took one block to make^ and when it was done sho 
wrote lier nauic in iadeliide ink ou the wliite sijnare. 
Can you imagine the soldiers beuilhig dver it when it 
dune aud reading the different names? At the <.Mjd of 
the war the cou^pauy gave this (piiltto Mrs. A. W'. Fay, 
of Jay, the wife of a sahlier in tho 118th, mIio accom- 
panied her huslvmd tiirough most <">f the oanipaigus. 
She brought it hom,e with her to Essex County, aud has. 
caused it to be «\\hibi.tejl ;i,t tic F-',ir wliefo c* 

Jl I STORY OF WKSrroRT 5/i/i boon the object of iiuicli intert-st. f/sporially to 
Westport u'otiieu. 

Although so far from tlie land of slavery, ^^'est|>t»rt 
had at Icastone contraband of war added to lier jjopula- 
tion. AYhen Dr. Piatt 11. H. 8.vv.ver eamo hoaie from 
the war be brought with him a black boy uamed Wil- 
liam Mallory, who had come into the Uuion camp, and 
iiad attached himself to the doctor as a. kind of body- 
servant. Few Weyt})ort children Ijtid at tiiat time ever \\' ;,[ 
seen a colored man, ami the writer well remetnbers the 
interest excited by thearriraJ of AVilliam, who )-eirjaitied 
for some time in the famih-. He was very <juiet and 
well mannered, and often admonished us chihlren in 
points of etic[uette. Many years afterward, in 190i, 1 
> isited Yir<^inia, and the name of Mallory Avmue in the 
village of Hampton reminded me of the William of my 
<'liildhfK>d. I began making inquiries, and 1 found an 
njd eol>)red man who told me tliat he had known Wil- 
liam Mallury well, that he returned to Virginia, mar- 
iied, livc'l to iiiiddle age, died, and was buried in the 
<^ravey;ird of old St. John's church. 

After the war the S. C. Dwyer Post of the G. A. K. 
was established, Gnd)racingthe towns of Elizabethtown, 
Lewis and Westport. Memorial Day exercises are held 
in r<)tati<ia in the villages of Lewi.s, E'town Westport 
ami ^VadhanJS. Huccessive Commamlers of the Post 
Inive b(.^n O^iav A. Phinney,' Daniel F. Payne, C. \\'es- 
ley Daniels, Henry H. Eiehards, Daniel S. French ami 
A lembert J. Durand. 

Fspec.';jl]y ijj.terestifj!^ M(!U}uri;j.l Hxercisis were held 


in t!ie Westport Higl; School iu 1002, at which nuiuy 
of tho old soldiers were presejit, and addressed tin- 
children upon tho subjoot of their life iu the urruy, 
!M;tjor Stevens read a written accuujat (_)f the histor\' of 
Conij)iitjy A of th.e TTtli, whioh lias been the basis of 
the sketch giveu in tliis b(u)k. One reiuarkabU- fact 
connected with these exercises was that the President 
of tlic Board of Kdneation, sittiu;^ upon the platform 
with the •:^ray-heiided Union soKliors,— L")r. J. W. M. 
Shattuck, — was in the Cijnfederate service as a medical 
ofticer duriufj the v>'ar. He w:is boru in Yermont, but 
was living iu Mississippi at the tiii^e of the outbreak ot 
hostilities, and returned to the narth some time after 
tho close of the war. Several young men boru iu Wost-- 
[lort fought uiider the Stars and Tars, Charles ando 
Henry Xewell, sons of Elijah Xewell, v,-ere living ir, 
Louisiana at the o.peiiing of the war, and cast in theii 
lot with tho people with wh.oui they lived. This was 
also true of Gideon, son, of BL-n];ui;in AA'arren. 

And so the v;as ovt-r, and once more the lov/ii 
life went on iu the olJ, v-.-ell worn way, tilling the soil, 
trading for tlie necessaries of life, and keeping up the^ 
traditions oi old tin^e iu the yearly election of tow^ 

Tovvn MeetiuiT held in the Armory. 

Sa>nuel iinot. Supervisor.- 

Kfuben J. lucralis. Clrrk. 

AaroQ Chu'k aid Win ¥: i\ivii^: .lu,sti,eos» 

Israel E*altis(»u. Assessor. 

WlliiO.m (> XicUel.-. C..'ii.^,-toA\ 

iiJSTOin' OF ]\ES'rPi)}rr r>:>7 

Cborlos A. Sweat. Hiilb'Way CiMiimissioncv. , ,. 

Peter Ferris uod Cbai'les C. Duusier, I'oor Masters. 

A. C. Hall and Albert i'ierre. lu.spectors of Eieotion. 

Hosoa I). Howard. Harvey I'un-cc. Cbarle>; H. Sweat. 
Charles W. Holcomb, Peter Joubert, Constables. 

Pathuiasters.—O. B. Howard, Granville Stone. R. W. 
Arnold. William O. ^"ichols, Geor^re \V. Pattison. C. W. 
{loU'Oinb. William Richards. P. D. Merriam, William T. 
Williams,. James M. Whallon, H. D, Sturtevaiit. Eli Farns- 
worth, Edwin Kidder, Sylvester Youn*:]^. Richard Egf.Tles-. 
ton, Epbrrim Hill, Harvey Smith. Julius Vau^ban. Herri- 
man Daniels. AlbertCar]»enter, J. J. Greele\, F 1>. ilow- 
ard, Solomon StockwelL Luman JIubb;ird, J. F. Bra'.sted. 
Jame.^E. Smith. Joseph Hod;/kios, Jerome Baily, William 
Pierce, Webster Koyce. Riley Palmer, Jerome B. Bailv. 

Survey bill of a road leadiui,' westerly fro.m W. P. 4.V P. 
D. Merriani's CL)al Kilns to the v.-est line of Westport, be- 
uinniuor at a point west of said Men'iams' store at the cen- 
♦er of the highway, etc. 

.Survey bill of a road leadin^^ udrtherly from the town 
line between Westport and Moriab by the new Furnace, 
and iutersectini: the road ruunin;:,' from Merriam's Coal 
Jvilns to the West line of Westix)i-t, bet,Munin;,' where the 
road crosses the town line, near a large rock marked T.L. 
Surveyed by K.- H. Lee. 

■"The Kew FuvDaoe" licro mentiouec'l in the bare 
chronicle of the rou'l surveys means the iron furnace in 
i ho boiithv.est corner of the town, sun'ountled by the 
little uiushrooin settlement which is known in "Westport 
as "Seveuty-live," though perhaps more cou)monly 
oalled ''Fletcherville" in 3Joriah. Tlie iron works are 
tlius described in ^Vatson's history, published in 1860. 

'"This furnace is situated i^^-xt^x and a half miles 
jiorthwest of Port Heniy. It is owned by Messrs. S. 
H. k J. G. "Witljerbee. it F. P. Fletcher; its .srectiou 
ivas o-omnienced in 1SG4:, and it was blown in in Auf:;ust, 
bSiJa, The stack i.-. of stone, and the boiler house of 
.biiciw Tii'.' )jcii/Ijt of the furu'Ci- i~. fcrtv-lv.o fftd, ami 

oos j//ST(jj:y OF WKsrroirr 

'the w iJth oi llio boslies eleven feet. 8toai]i is the mo- 
tive power of the works, uml oLurfioal the only fuel con- 
sumed. This is burnt in ton larp;e kilns, capable of 
containing sixt3'-five co?\ls of wood. >iearly fifty 
bushels of clnireoul is yieldt,'*! in these kilns by every 
cord of seaSDiiod wood. The company own extensive 
ranges of timber land, which supplies the material for 
the kiln.s. 'i"ne average product pev week of this fur- 
nace has been at some periods sevouty-six and a half 
tons per week. A large proportion of the iron produced 
here is manufactured in tbo Bosssjmer works of Troy. 
Mr. Thomas F. Weatlierboe, is the resident agent and 
manager Jit this furnace." 

lu the Kssex County history of ISSo this furnace is 
not so much as mentioned, and it was probably not if: 
operation more than ten ye;ii-s, perijaps not so long ,■l^■ 
that. None of tlie ore used in this furnace wasc^btaiued 
from AVestpoit ni.ines, although a shaft w;is sunk oi; 
^Vestport torritt-uy a little west of the school house at 
Seventy-five, to be soon abandoned and known henee- 
forth l)y the descri{)tiYe title of the "Humbug nnne." 
Ores from the Moriah luinos were worked up as long 
as the fun^aee r,in, and wheii it had devoured all the 
wood upt)u the mountains for miles around, it stopped 
for want of fuel, and the machinery was afterward re- 
moved. The furnace is now u heap of ruins, and the 
settlement another "Deserted Village" of the Adiro-u- 

Much more uearl} atfeeting VVestptn-t as a U)\ki\ was. 
another iron euterpri^ej entirely distinct fron.i the his- 

nisT(j/:y of vnjsrj'oin' 5on 

tory of the Moi'iah iviiues, whicli stirre<l tlu^ t^leepy littln 
villai.e cf the days tliiectly alter the w.-ir iiilo a [.'louieu- 
tary actu-ity. As early js 1801 a eoiaiiaiiy kuoNi'ti asthn 
Lake ChaDipLiiu Oit- andJrou Ctnnpjuiy, purehastnl an 
interest iu iiio8t of the Elizabetbtowu iiiiues jukI forges, 
^Yhich had l^eeii \u operati(»D, i!>ore or less, siiiCG the es- 
tablish tuetit of a forL;*.- at New Kussia, ou tlie Boquet, 
in 1SC2. This e.onip.i'.iy was ch^sely eoi)ijeete<l v/ith the 
banking firm of Jay Cor.k »V: Co. of Phil-nlelphia, which 
had be^u the agent of the Unite<l States for the war 
loans duriuji the Civil "War. Its representative in this 
region was Mr, K, Hemiui^ton, who came first to lilliza- 
liethtown, and o[jerated there for two or three years, 
i.uyin^^the Haasz, Bujt, Steel, Odell and 31itch( 1) ore 
beds, besides the Valley For^e on the Boquet, the 
Jvin<j;d(uu or Xj-jbJe Forge on the Blai.-k, and eleven 
thousaiid acre.s of woodland, iuvestijig, it is said, $100^- 
<i)00 in tlie whofe. An ore bed in West})ort was also 
l^nrchasev;], lying high «]» (ni the side* of Campbell Hill, 
jnst .north of Xich.cjis pojid. This bed h;id been o]iened' 
before L850,;}nd the ore worked up in tlio Valley Forfi;e,on 
Ihe Boquet, with considerable sueeess. It is said to have 
anade iron of a very fine grain, ajnl extraordinarilv due- 
iile. Sijii'ti thes*? zire the (jualities (jF the famous Nor- 
ivay iri)n, tht' new owners of the n)ine called it the X'>r- 
'.vay heil It lies on lots Nos. lOli and 1(>«, Ir<^u Ore 
Tract, not fa-r from Elizabethtown line. There are two 
V)j>t.'iiings, the northern of whicii, accor<ling to the Bul- 
letin of ihe >'fw York Sfote Mus<M]!ji, publJshHti IS'J,^, 

r>no iiisToav OF WFsri'oirr 

sliows the most \alual)lf l)o;ly ot' uic in llie loun of 

In lb(')8 the J.ak.- (.'h.iiii]iliun Ore k Trou C'<Mrij>a!;y 
bonj^lit tlie Hal.-.teatl hou-^o ami laiul, !)et\veen Main 
street and the l;ike shou. (uow ihe i^noiauls of the 
Westporl Jiin,! a.lso the William J. C'r.ltiiig |.hu>- 
at tile head of Lilierty street, \\\}0{i which iue now touii-i 
the golf lit) as. Additional t',-irito!'y alon^ the lake front 
was ol)tained by the [nirehase of h narrow stri{> from 
Minevvii Clark, whose house stood on Main street, ami 
a uuniber of acres from] l^ittison. Lw the fall of 
IvSCO a lai\Li,e fuinaee was built upon the lake shore, and 
n wharf thrown out a little to the noitli of it. J^ibei ty 
street was ojifned to the lake for the tlrst tiling to give 
access to the v. harf ami furniee, and the com[)aiiy 
made a load from Main street to their works. Th'- 
furnace stootl uj'on t!ie line lietween thelialstead pr^'p- 
erty and th.»' laud south I'f it. It was not so large nor 
so ex[>enaive as tlio Sisco fuiuace at Jacksonville, built 
twenty yiars befoit!, and it manufactured but a small 
iiuautity of iiou, never making lai-ge shipments. For 
the masonry of the woiks the Gibbs brother^^ of U'est- 
port,-- Orange Ciibl>s being tiie head of this linn, — were 
employed by the cr. )ntraetors. 

The furnace was named, I think, the Norway Fur- 
mice, but the village peojile always calletl it the New 
Furnace, and the wharf the New Wharf. The ore which 
was made into iron here came from the Eli/.abethtowu" 
mines, and fr^jm tin- Ni>rway l>ed at Nichols pond. 'Y\\*- 
irauspovt;ition of the ore to the fare.aeo wa.> th.e great- 

/nsT'j/n' OF ]yj:srr()irr r,ni 

est pn^Uleii) of tlu> ciiti^-prise, ;iiul one \vlij(;lj tlie ctun- 
paiiy never solve']. There was no railroad through 
Essex county then, and all the iron nianufactureJ rnust 
•Tosonth bv \vat<n', on eana! Ijonts, from the coQipany's 
wliarf. The c)re lay on a nionntalnside sixteen huiidi'ed 
feet higher tlian the tuinace, and about five miles away 
in an air-liiie, i)ut no oiu:> expected the ore to come 
down on an aii-liiie. A separator was built on tht^ 
shore c>f the pond, below the mine, and a tram-road 
was ]>lanned to run from the separator to the furnace, 
crossing the highway near the McMahon place. ]t was 
to be ballasted with tailings fr<jm the mine, and it 
crossed au arui of the pond. The rails were aetuallv 
hiid as far as the highway, a.nd some cars of the sepa- 
rated ore were run down, and their contents loaded upon 
wagons to be carried to the furnace, but the work was 
abandoned b^^fore the tuad was put in good working 
condition. This train road was laiil out to pass within 
fortv rods of the Merriam mine, which had been ojiencd 
in 18G7, on lot No. IGo, south of the Norway mine, but 
although some of the ore from the Merriam was traus- 
])orted to Meriiam's Forge, (a distaiu^e of ten miles or 
more,) it was all carried on the town's highway. 

Two years from the time that the Norway Fur- 
naco was erected, it was evident that Westpm't need 
liope for !io era of prosperity- from the development f>f 
her iron mines by the ]>ake Chan)p];.in Ore k Iron Com- 
pany. The history of the enterprise is simply the his- 
tory of an fxpfiiiiiHut. and <ine which proved, signally 
lujsncces.^tu.l, the net results to the town beiii'j little 


more than one or tuo aiLlitioiis to lioi- interesting col- 
lection of ruins. Tlio failui.' of th.e linn of Jay Cook A'. 
C(h, on Sept. 19, 1873,— the "Black Friday" which be- 
gan the disastrous panic of that year,— occnrred some 
time after the business in W'estport had been suspen-l- 
ed, and there is no connection between tlie two events. 
The separator on the shore of tln^ lonely ])ond and thn 
furnace far bt4ow on the shore of the lake were suf- 
fereil to fall slowly in decay, the machinery rusting 
with neglect and damp. For years it was a favorite 
I)rete:xt for an idle stroll to wander down to the shore 
and look ari>und tlie New Furnace, which lay o])cn to 
any visitor. 7n the map of 187G fcnir buildings are 
shown still sta.ndijig at that time, hut in 1S87 the last 
traces of the unsiglitly ruins were removed. 

Eventually most of the }>roperty passed into the 
hatids of a company with a slightly different name, — 
fho Lake Cijaujplain Ore C(unpany, but the IIalsto;.d 
house stood in the name of the F. I*. Fletcher estate. 
The Pattison farm returned to its owner through fore- 
closure, Mr. John A. Griswold, the great iron manu- 
facturer of Troy, undertook the settlement of the busi- 
ness in West]>ort, and afterward Gen. Marvin, also ont.< 
of the iron men of Troy, owned the llalstead piojterty, 
and when the house was converted into a hotel, in 1870, 
i^ was called the Marvin House, on this account. 

Mr. Ih Fiemington, the agent of the company, during 
his residence in Westjiort boarded with Mrs. Har- 
riet Sheldon in th.e Cutting house. This house w;is 
al.-o connected with Ih.e histoi\ i>f th...- .Sisco funiae.-, 

iiisroj:!' OF wijsrroirr 563 

since it was occupied for five or six years by Hou. 
George W. Goff, wlioi he owued the property at Jack- 
sonville. Mr, Iveiuington was a gevjtlomau in tlie first 
stages of consuni]itiiin when he caine into tlio Adiron- 
dacks, and after the conclLi->ion (jf tlie Viusines^, (about 
1871) he started for California, but died upon tlie way 
thither. Various people connected with the iron works 
lived in tiie Ifalstead and the Cutting houses, among 
others Mr, Schubert, and Mr. Crowlej-, of Baltimore, 
who built the tram road. 

It cannot have been long aftei' the enter{)rise of the 
Norway Furnace that the Split Iloek o)-e bed was 
opened, on the steep lakeward side of the mountains, 
directly opposite Fort Cassin. It is said that "William 
M. Tweed, the famous Grand Sachern of Tammany, iu- 
vesteil funds, public or private, in this mine, but his 
connection with it cannot have been of long duration, 
as his dramatic downf.-dl and imprisonment occurred in 
1871. -After the railioad, in 1876, opened communica- 
tion with the south, some Albany- parties worked the 
mine and built the separator on the water's edge, the 
ore sliding down from the mine bv" gravit}-. The board- 
ing house was built then, and the workmen's houses, on 
a narrow shelf seven hundred feet above the lake, 
reached from the wharf hy long flights of ladderlike 
stairs, with luindieds of stops. The landward approach 
was across the Split Ivock range from the Essex high- 

^Ye must not leave this year without its record of the 
lirst match game of modern base ball ever played in 


the oounty, between the Adiroiulaclis of EHzabetlitown 
aoJ the Monitors of Westport, in ', at the county 
seat. The Monitois who played that day were 11. \V. 
Arnold, C. E. Stevons, George, Charles and Warren 
Pattison, Hush and Harvey Howard, Henry Merrill 
and Henry Sheldon, with Jim Barnes as quo of the 


Towu Meetin<,' held in the Armory. 

Saiijue! Hoot, Supervisor. 

George W. Cole, Clerk. 

Jatnes A. Allen, Jusiice. 

Eli Farnsworth. Assessor. 

William O. Nichols, Collector. 

Levi Frisbie, Albert Carpenter, P^dward Kidder, llii^h- 
way Commissioners. 

B. A. Barrett, Charles W. Holcomb. Poor Masters. 

Charles E. Stevens. Ausel C. Hall, tliukiey Coll, Iusikh-- 
tors (if Election. 

Edwin B. Low, Charles W. Ilolcomo, Ed win Lawrence, 
Charles H. Sweet. Constables. 

Patlimasters. — Henry vSheldon, Melvin Carpenter. Henry 
E. Warren. Major Barber, Au(.^ustus P. FTolt. Charles W. 
Holi'otnb, A. C. Lewis. P. D. Merriain, Aldeu Sibley, Cy- 
rus Fj. Royce. Heni-y Lafnyettf, Dorr Howard, Charles C. 
Dunster. Dewitt Hooper, 1). R. Woodi-utV, Epbraim Hill, 
Harvey Smith. J Lilius Vuuirhan; Herriman Daniels. PI J. 
Smith, P^leazer Welch, Alvin Burt, Solomon Stock well, 
Lewi.s Cleland or J. P^'erris, J. F. Braistcd, John E. Santb, 
Orrin Taylor, Guv Frisbie, Martin i'ierce, John Fortune. 
Jerome B. Baile\v. D. L. Allen. 

April 28 an election was lield to choose delej^ates to the 
Consiitutional Convention. Whole number of votes i,dveu 
for Senatorial Delegat.'s ti) the Convention, 121. 

In March of 1S07 the M. E. church was rededicated. 

having been etdarged and remodeled the previous year. 

Twenty f(^et were added to its length, and the expense 

of the alterations uir.oanted to >'Ii''Od. The pastor at 


this time was the llev. David L^ytle. At the lerledica- 
tiou services, the Rev. E. Went worth, I). D., of Troy, 
and the Rev, J. E. Bowen, presiding ehler of the Pkittts- 
burg Di.^Lrict, were pieseni. The trustees were D. L. 
Alh-^n, Sauuitl Root, P. I). Merriam, AYilliam Frisbie, 
Aaron Chuk, and C. W. Ilolcoiub. The committee on 
repairs, Samuel Root, P. 1). Merriaro, and D. L. AUen. 
Aaron Chirk was the builder, all the work being done 
under his supervision. This was now the leading church, 
in numbers and wealth, as it has since vemaiufd. In 
ISSl the u}tjmbership was two hundred and fourteen, 


Towu Meetincr held in the Armory, 

Barton B. Ricburds. Supervisor. 

Heury H. Kicbards, Clerk. 

Pbiletus D. Merriam, Justice, 

Alvin Burl. Assessor. 

William O. Xiehols, Collector. 

James M. Wballon, HiyhuMy Comm'issiouer. 

Charles W. Holcomb aud Kitrredtjt Cross. Poor .Masters. 

Hiijckh-y Coll, Cyrus W. ilicbards, Lauft-us H. Wbitc. 
lusjiectors of Election. 

William O. Mohols. Charles W. Holcorab, J. C. Osborne, 
Frank Swtatt, Alfred E. Williams; Constaoles. 

Elarvey Pierce appointed coDstable. 

For this year we will give the names of tiie jiathmas- 
ters iu conuectiou with the road district in which each 
one lived. Since the adoption, in 1903, of the new svs- 
tem of road working, these \\rxi\ disti'icts are no longer 
i[n{)ort;uit as actual divisiotis, but are given as so much 
iincient idstory. In another half century the names 
iiud places mentioned will have arpiaint interest for the 
Juluritors of tl)e soil of \Vest})ort. 

ona jusroRV of wj:sTri>/rr 

BoirndnrlcH <>/ lioad Disfricf-^ : 

Xo. 1. BeginiiiDg at the nortli line of Piatt Sliokloirs 

farm, and running to the soiUh line of O. L*. HowanTs 

farm. Path master, Orrai H. HoirarJ, 
1^ '• 2. Beginning at the town line, running nortli to the 
^'"•^' south line of Samuel Root's farm. Ilcnri/ Sfonc. 
• ■'■ 3. Beginning at the south line of Samuel Ptoot's 

farm, and running north to the north line of Charles 

Pattison's farm, including the road from Coil's Mills to 
''-^•' the Warren school house. Clmrle.s IL Pali'ison. 

4. At the house of James VV. Coll, running east and 
north bv Archibald Pattison's to the S(,.uth line of A. 
P. Holt's farn), including the road to Barber's Point 
and Young's 13ay. lh))rij Frishu'. 

5. At the north line of Charles Pattison's farm, run- 
ning north to the west end of the bridge, thence south 
along the plank road to James A. Alleii's wharf, thence 
np the hill to the west corner of Page and Eddy's store ; 
includhig road from Nelson Barton's ^vheel\vright shop 
to Charles H. Eddy's by N. J. Barton's house; also, 
from the guide board at A. P. Holt's on the lake road 
to the south line of A. P. Holt's farm. hnwJ rof(h>u.^ 

6. At the forks of the road near Patrick Boyle's 
house, running east to the forks of the road near the 
gate. Enoch Gregor/j. 

7. At the top of the hill in front of the Tnion School 
liouse, running north by the -half way rock" near 
AsaViall's; also the road running northeast to the 
brook crossing the near the house of A. A. Allen. 
Jlniori J. AIU„. 

]1JST01!Y OF WKSTl'Oirr r>t:7 

S. At t)io bvit],L;o ne;i.r tlio IMoses Fell ])l;ie(.', raiiniii<^ 
iiovtli by Morri.'iDi's Forp;o niitil it iiitersccts tlu',- road 
le.iiliiij^ from "Wndhams Mills to Flssex ; includitig us 
jmicli of said road as lies between a well situated a few 
)-otls wost i)f P. L). Merriain.'s house, and the town line. 
ll'if'iain r. Merri'titi. 

9. At the brook near Almond Allen'b hotise, ruimiu;^ 
north to the north line of T. Pottery's farm, including 
(h(i road riDiiiinf;:^ west bv Asahel Havens to the Moses 
l""elt bridge. IViUiani T. JlUHnniH. 

lt>. At tho north lino of T. Pottery's farm, running 
jinj-Lh to the north line of the town near AVh;ilIcmsbnr,g, 
jncladino; the road to M. P. Whallons. Cf/ms B. Piotjcc. 

11. At the itnks of the road near the Anj.^ier scliO!,>l 
house, running north to the town line, inohuling the 
road by \VebstGr Pioyce's to the town line. Hcnnj Ln- 

P2. Prom the half way rock north ft) the town line 
near John ]\. Whitney's including the ro.'ui from the 
grisl mill up the hill to the forks of the road where th<- 
Presbyterian church formerly stood ; also the roa«l 
leading west, a little north <if Elijah Wright's, to the 
east line of Ileniy Pctts' lot. WiUlnui Lmcrmre. 

10. From the corner of the rv^ad at the Exchange 
Hotel, east to a woll situated a few rods west of build- 
ings now ocoupieil by P. D, Mc-rriam, including the road 
past Henry iJunster's to the Felr l?ridge, and the road 
to Benjamin's Hardy's. Kdiriii J/ms. 

] i. From the corner wliere the Presbyterian churcli 
i' stood, we«it I'f Sylvester Youngs to in-.' phmk 

of!s i/fSTojn' or wKSTpnirr 

road, ij)cliidii;g tlic from District No. i>7 to Joseph 

HoilgkiliS. .lose J, I, lln.lqhiii.-i. 

I'). From the (-(.iner uhnre tlio Prosbyteri.iia church 
fonn,M-]y stocd, west t<. the east line of J^aae Johnsoirs 
farm, inehuliiig the road nuiniug nortli past A. Hart- 
well's to tho uorth Hue. I). Jl Ifooifm/K 

!<;. From the Widow Bowers' iJaee, south 
the jdarik road to tlse run near old Soutiiuell place. 
HoirorJ Fani-wortli. 

17. Frcnu the forks of the road uear Samuel Storrs'. 
o;ist bv Harvey Smith's to tlje road from the Willard 
Plartwell }>lace to .^ivXiA^, Yaughau's. K,!,inr JUll. 

IS. From Julius Vauglnui's we.L liue, east to John 
. ]iroruley"s house. Marrns J. Hol.ln'ilon. 

11>. From Julius Yaughau's west Hue, west to tlie 
bridge uear Meigs" Forge, thence south to the Steel 
Mill, /feniman Dmncls. 

•20. From the southeast corner of Harry .]. Persons" 
liotel, west and south to the south line of D. M. Howard"s 
faru]. I). Munsjield [[..wur,!. 

2\. From D. :\I. Howard's house, west to ^{. J. 
Hoisington's including the road from Abram Greeley's 
to Eleazar Welch's west line. ./. ./. r^yce^ //. 

•2-J. From Orren Howard's south line, south U) tin- 
town line. Alv'ui [i>irL 

23. From the corner of the road near the Steven- 
son school house, west to the town line. Orsnnus Sli.rk- 

21. From the bri,lge at Brainard's Forge, northeast 

iiisT()i:y OF WKsrroirr :>(;'■> 

'£!> tho towu line uc-ar Clelaiul.>;, aiid hoiu Loe Prouty's 
across to 1. Jolijisoii's. .hd'nis Ferris. 

2."). From tlio IV'.t bridge soutli U, A. A. Alleles. 
Abr<i)ii SJii r/ihitu, Jr. 

2G. From iit-ai- Abraiu Greeley's, west to W. i*.Mer- 
riam's west liue nji the mountain. John J:. Sml/Ii. 

27. Froiu the corner near T. Johns-oit's, south to the 
iM.rth lin.^ of Distvicc No. 14 LomarJ Tan'or. 

28. Frouj the eojuer near Jnhas Vaiiglinn's, north 
t(^ the |>h\nk road. M/h-h'n }'"n<j/\n),. 

29. I'roin the corner near ]jrainard'.-i Forge, south 
hy 8aru Pierce's to the north line of ~\\'iuo\v Jiowers, 
also from the hrii-Iye at UraiuardV Forrfe east to the 
line of Isaac Johnson. JIk/i/s JJnJ'jknis. 

:J0. From th.e line of John Mather's land to 
the sontli line of the (own of Essex. JtJm !'(>r(ii,tc 

ol. From tlie v/est liue ot Wm. P. ]\[erriatn's monut- 
iiin, south to the S.-veuty-tive Furnace. l'li<H,i<is Ulth- 

*-]:-> From the i.!;!nk road nt-ir Charh-.^ Ilolcomb's, 
east to 1). L. Allen's wharf, tlience south bv Allen's 
store, and west through the lane to the main road, be- 
tween ]), S. McLi-ud and William Barna)d. ll'iU'xiin 
jr. Oils. 

On August 27, l>i(lS, the school district at S(?veuty- 
Jive was formed, and calh'd No. Id. The consenting 
trustres were Walt-^r Tetlt of ?iiuriah, William F. Han- 
chett of Flizabethtown, and Alvin P,urt, Melviu Car- 
j.enter and John Stevenson of Westpoit. H. Pilcv 
Pahljt J- V, ,js ri-i'l ut at .S.'\ eiit v-iivr. 

570 n/STO/n' OF WFsrruRT 

.Statcinout of rfsult fsf General Elr-ctiou, Nov. Ij 
Whole number of votes for Clovenior; — for John A. 
Griswold, 25'2; for Joliii T. Hoft'nian, lo5. Vote for 
Inspector of State Prisons, oSij ; for Keniy A. Barnuni, 
242 ; for David P.. McNeil, 144. Votes for Member of 
Assembly, 3S6; for feamuel Root, 257; for Abiathar 
Pollard, 130. 

Thu.s we. seo that Col. Koot went to the Assembly 
this yeiiv, as ho also did in 18G0. 


Town Meeting held at the Armory. 

Lewi.s ri. Koe, Supervisor. 

Edwin B. Low. Clerk. 

Cvrenus R. Payne. Justice. 

Israel Paitisou. Assessor. 

Henrv H. Merrill, Colicetor. 

Marcus Storrs and Charles C. Dnuster, Highway Com- 

llarley Clark ami Samuel Pierce. Puor Ma-ters. 

James E, Barnes. George A. Slcinner and iiinkley Coll, 
Inspectors of Elect iou. 

Putbmasters. — William Flovd. Alexander .Stevenson. 
IKnry Warren. ILmrs' H. Merrill. H. i). JIuuard, Enoch 
Grcgorv, Asa Viall. P. D. Merriam, E.hmuul Flovd. James 
M. Wballon, Henry L.ifayetle, Orian F. Hardy, R Hustis, 
.-\rtcmas Hartwcll. Harvey Drake. Fi-aoklin Vaugban, 
Patrick Doyle. Heman Franl<liu. Albert Carpenter. War- 
ren Pooler. Heni-y Stoue. Oriiu Stockwcll. George Palmer, 
Abram Sherman, Juhn E. Smith, Ozro Taylor. Col. Ben- 
nett. Martiu Pierce. John Fartuue. Thomas Witherbee, D, 
L. Allen. 

In July D. L. Allen was appointed Assessrn". 

In October Harvey Pierce was ap[)ointed Coustable. J. 
H. Allen, Justice. 

This year's supervisor, Lewis H. Koe, was a uephew 

of the Hon. George W. GotV. a.nd succeeded him in the 

HISTORY OF WKsrroirr oti 

iiKiii:io;omcnt of the Sisco fufii.-u-e iiiul llu' prcpeitv ut 
Jncksonville. The Eoes came from Scotlau'l to Amer- 
ica jiboiit 1730, uud settleil in Oraufie- count v, X. Y., 
before the Kevolutiou. The first immir^iatit was Jesse 
lioe, and his son, Captain Nathaniel Pioe, was one of 
first settlers of Cliester, N. \. His son Daniol was the 
father^of Dr. Genest Tioe, who married EHzabeth Golf, 
sister of Gt'or;^ro ^.^ ]{<.bevt, and Sophia, wlio married 
Silas H. Withorbee. The children of Dr. Genest Roe 
were: Lewis H., (reor^^e G.; Alice, wlio n^rtrriod Prof. 
E. J. Owen ; Soi.hin, who married Jonatliai) G. Wither- 
bee of Port Henry; I\lary, who married John W. 
Whitehead of Port Henry; and Jcmiie, who mar- 
ried Charles E. Hall of Philadelphia. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Pioe lived at Jacksonville nntil her death, and her 
daughter, Mrs. Hall, now owns the place. Mrs. Hall's 
daughters are Sophia and Josepliine, the latter now 
Mrs. Eob.M'tson Marsljall. 

In April .-.f IS!')'.) occurrud tl.c great Hood uj-on Mill 
J'.rook in :\J(,riali, caused by the rapid melting of the 
snow with h< aw lains. 

. 1S70. 

Town Meeting held at the AraKjrv. 
T.,ewis H. IJoe. Siqx-rvisor. 
James [\. Allen, Clerk. 
Edwin }>. Low. Justiee. 

William W. Lawrence and Milr)Gibbs, Assessors. 
James E. Earnes. Cc.lh-etitr. 
Levi Eiisbie. Hiirliway CommissioML-r. 
Peter Eerris and Edwin K'iddi-r, Poor Masters. 
Charles E. St. >ven>,. Onin JIardv and Cvrns Eieliards 
Inspectors i.f J'liretion. 


jiisroUY OF WFsrruirr 

Harvey Pien-o, Jain'.'s E. D iriios. Eaoi-li G!-e,i,'ory. Ricb- 
iiid IJiouii. Alviii Davis. Constables. 

Patbniasters. — Henry Shield. )n. Alexander Stevenson. 
Cljarles P.-ittison. Arcbibald Pattisou. Isi-aei I'attison. 
Ktmeh Cre^Mi'v. .hjsliua Bennett. W'ildam i'. Merriain. 
Wdiiiun T. Woiia(ns. Cvrns H. Royce. Henry l<aiayettt\ 
Henry Hetts. CyrenusR. Refd, D. Hooper. G.' H Pioree. Hi!i. Henry Willard, Hai'uey Hoyie, Charles Pat- 
ten. Harvey Ho^vurd, Warreu i^x)lor, F. H. Howard, Or- 
liu Stoeku'eil. (.-ieort^'e Palmer, J. F. Braisted. John E. 
Snjitb. 0/j-o Tavlor. John Quincy Adams J. T. Johnsoi;. 
Join Fortnuo. Sorel Fountain. M. I'linn. 

D. F. Payne was appointed Assessor in fiiaee <if WiUiani 
I-iawrenee, who refused to serve. Israel Pattison was aj.>- 
l^oinled Assesstu' m the place of >Hlo Gibt)s. wh.) refused 
to serve. \\'driani Joiner appointed Constable. 

This year it was l\»nii(I necessary to ])urclia>e » lu-w 
book for the keeping; of the towt) records, wLieh is still 
in use. The present writer has not pevfornT^d the Uibor 
of copyiuu: the reeoi(]s in tlie new l)ook, leaving that for 
a future volnme and (proliahlvj a futuie histoiian. Tln^ 
supervisors and town clerks t'oi' the p;ist thirty-two 
3-ears liave l)eeii as follows : 

1S71. Town aieetin^f in the Armory. Edwin B. Low, 
Si;p..i-visor. Twenty-four years befor^^ this iiis father, 
John H. Low, hail held the same otliee. The Lows, 
f.itlier and sou, were also jnstieeHi of the town for the 
^^reater part of the lives of each.doini; niueh of the legal 
business ret|uired in the vieinity. James IJ. Allen, 

\^~'l. Li the Aruiory. William P. Merri im, Super- 
visor. James H. Allen, Clerk. 

1S78. Li the Arujory. AViiliam P. Merriam, Super- 
visor. James H. Allen, Cleik. liesiguing in May, 


pvobablj to remove to Port Henry, his father, D. L. 
Allen, was appoiDted Clerk iu liis place. 

187-1. In the Town Hall, meaning that the Armory 
had been purchased by the town, and was now called 
the Town Hall Samuel Koot, Supervisor. Frnnk H. 
E.hly, clerk. 

1875. Daniel F. Payne, Supervisor. William C. 
Pollard, Clerk. Tliis was the son of Dr. Abiathar Pol- 

1876. x\iuhe\v J. Daniels, Su[)ervisor. "William C. 
Pollard, Clerk. It is only fair to remark that Mr. Dan- 
iels was the first one of the only two Democrats who 
have been elected supervisor since the war. Westport 
is solidly and stolidlyPepublican and conservative, as 
the election returns for forty years will show, and when 
a l^emocrat is elected to otHce it may fairly l>e taken to 
indicate the popularity of the candidate. 

1877. Charles D. S[)racnie, Supervisor. Charles Ed- 
son Stevens, Clerk. 

1878. Chaile.s D. Spi'ague, Suporvi,-;or. Charles Ed- 
sou Stevens, Clerk. 

1871', Samuel lioot. Supervisor. M. Judson Hickok, 

1880. Merritt A. Clark, Supervisor. Frank H. 
Eddy, Clerk, und )-e-elected to this office, with the ex- 
ception of one year, for t\vuntyn»ne 3"ears, to the time 
of his death, in 101)1. 

1881. Merritt A. Clark. 

1882. Charles D. Spra.^ue. 
Ib8;i Mrrritt A. Clark. 

5 74 

iiisroin' OF WEsTi'uirr 

y. 1881. D;ini..l F. Fayn-. ■ " i 

•• I'l 1885. Fivohoiu }I. Pai^o. 
f 18S<5. Froei.orn H. Pa.^v. 

1887. Fi-eel>.)ni H. Pa-e. 

18SS. H-nv H. Ki -h iv Is. Yiv. llich u-l^ is tli.- 
socoaJ Demoiuat d'H-tdl to this oirK.-t- iu th- term of 
yeiir.s Dinntiond. 

1838. IV J. Slu'i'iDiiri. This yortr the t(;\vn nu-ft- 
iug- WHS hekl foi' the tiist time in the new liiluaiy buiM- 
ing. wliich had been o[)en(nl the pivcei-bu^ suinnu'i', aiul 
each town nict'liii'j; since that tinu! has been hehl in the 
same phic '. 

181)0. ElK.M.v J. Sheiman. 
t|.. lSi)I. EUery J. Sh.annin. 

lS9-.i. Daniel F. Payne, Su[)ervisor. Low E. Fuller. 

■1893. Daniel F. Payne, Su])<nvisor. Frank H. Ed. ly, 

1891. Lnther Poardau.n Newell, Supervisor. This 
was the hisi. eleetiuii un.der the o\:\ law ot anruial town 
meetings. Heneel'orth all town otheers held otliee for 
two j-eais. Mr. New( 11 dyin^ in ollice, Mr. Au'^ustus 
P. Holt was appoinred Supervisor in his }>lace. 

1890. Augustus P. Holt. 

18*98. AuLiustus P. H.;lt. 

1991. Samuel II. Ho 1-kins. Tiie Town Clerk. Mr. 
Frank H. Eddy, dvin- i,, ..lli.-e, :\Iv. Georp^ P>.. Pich- 
arils, his brother-in-law, was appointed in his ])laee. 

Justices of the peace since' 1879 have l)eei! William 
Dou-lass. (\ Wesley Danh |s, .] -aes A. Alhn, V^-^^^\. 

niSTOHY OF M-KSTPonr 57 -> 

Lester, Charles C. Duuster, Frank Vk Royee, Scott E. 
Pliimiey, Jaioes E. Patten, ;:')d Case Howard, tlio last 
four now boMiiig ofiice, 


The five years from 1870 to 1875 comploto the history 
oi the Okl Westport, — the Westport without a rail- 
road, and without a Hummer season devoted tci stran- 
gers. Dull and listless whs the little place, with the 
Days of Lumber far back in history, and the Days of 
Iron just acknowledged as hopelessly past, althougli 
there was in reality another decade of iron production 
in the near future. One event cjf this short period was 
the buildiui^ of the lighthouse at Barber's Point in 1873. 

S})lit Fvock light had burned for twenty-tive years 
and that at Crown Point for fifteen, but there was as 
yet no guide for a n)idnight mariner seeking to enter 
' JS'orthwest bay. Tin- light of 13arl.)er's Point is visible 
iiftecu miles, aiid the tower is eighty-three feet high, 
forming part of tine dwcliing of the keeper. The whole 
structure is of stone, built at the top of a steep descent 
into deep water, where the scarred rocks show tremen- 
dous action of water and ice, exposed as they are to the 
fnll force of the strongest wii]ds, waves and currents 
found upon the whole length of the lake. From the 
land the place is easily accessible, and a charming spot. 
The first keeper of the light was Sergeant James E. 
l?arnes, an old soldier who jiad lost one leg in the serv- 
ice, and the ]>rest'nt one is Major C. E Stevens of the 

77th X. y. \. 

r,7r. }iisT()i:y or va'.sri'nirr 

III till' •^piiii.u; "f 187."), jn-^t a> thi.' ic- was breiikiii::^ n\> 
iii"tljo lake, tlio Huijtt'i- lui'K^' was 'Miiriiod upon Xottl. 
Short', at HiMitei's bay. Jt <H'L'urreil in t!i'? evening, 
ami tin; luiwoiirH 1 lij;ht was s ).:);i ()l>si;rvi'.l friiii t'l ^ 
^i!laL;♦'. It was two miles away liv watt-r au'l four l)V 
lainl, l.Mit iiifii ia;i (liwii to tli<" l)(iat lioiis.-.-s on the shoi>, 
an.] toojc out tlio L'oats v, I,i.-h Iain th-i^^ ail wintei-, 
laiinclu'd tjit'ni anil [uish-.] nil', niakiii_^ tlu'ir way as 
best they fonM with lanterns bi-twer-n tiic floating- eakfs 
of iee. ()th<'V>. hasteiii-il to tlut sc>ujf hy laml, but no 
one ani\tMl in tiaji- to lie of njatfiial assistance, as the 
hons.' with nea.rly all its f ii.-tr nts ned to the giiMunk 
]\Ir. Hunt.'i- was at the time a. lielpless invaliil, and Mrs. 
Hunter, before any lu'lp caii)t\ had herself brought hi:u 
(»ut to a idaee ot safet\-, then retarniiiL!, for a boK of val- 
uable papers sh'e was overcome and fell to the tloor 
insensible. .-\ t 'his nioni-nt the farmer who lived in 
the farinhon>e np.>n t!ie jilacr) ;>.rl■iv^'d, anil .i^oini^ iufi' 
the bnrninij- hon<e discovei'e.l .Mis. Hunter nj-ion tln- 
tloor and broii;j;ht le:r out. 'J'he hc'iise was not rebuilt 
until ]9()-2. 

Also upon North Sh<>rt\ that summer, tlu^ 

fore the railroad was built upon our side of the lake^ 
there were two rtLjular line ^tt'amers touohin.i^ at our 
wharf daily, a day boat and a iiiij;ht boat. The niL;;hr 
boat was the ('ham[ilain, makin<_j her landing at near 
itiidLM^ht. ( )ne clear, still, moonlight night near the mid- 
dle of July shi' toiudu'd at our wharf. dis,-h,irging freight 
and pa-><. uj'-is, the lal'.-r nu:t: h'-i iul', >e\.-ral of the^ 

iiiSTonr OF WKsTPoirr r,77 

tirst suinraer Ijoar.lers ■wiio luul fouml vis out. The 
stertLier went on