(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Beville family of Virginia, Georgia, and Florida, and several allied families, north and south"

AMILY 



ill! HI I II III I 



rG~ 



.v:'£VU.M*V& uri 



w Wl a 




Given By 



t 



Ellery Sedgwick 



3 1 



THE BEVILLE FAMILY 




Iltiru -J ci no u iJiet'illc I (iiKjiiaii 



" So dear to heav'n is saintly chastity. 
That when a soul is found sincerely so, 
A thousand liveried angels lackey her, 
Driving afar off each thing of sin and guilt, 
And in clear dream and solemn vision 
Tell her of things that no gross ear can hear 
Till oft converse with heav'nly habitants 
Begin to cast a beam on th' outward shape." 



Milton 



THE BEVILLE FAMILY 

OF VIRGINIA, GEORGIA, AND FLORIDA, 



AND 



SEVERAL ALLIED FAMILIES, NORTH AND SOUTH 



BY 
AGNES BEVILLE VAUGHAN TEDCASTLE 

Member of the Georgia Society of Colonial Dames of America, Neiv 

England Historic Genealogical Society, Huguenot Society 

of South Carolina, Virginia Historical Society, 

Georgia Historical Society 



BOSTON: 
PRIVATELY PRINTED 

1917 



<g0ST0^ 
PUBLIC 






&c 



*^<i3+. L * *» 



/ ?/ Y 



fyJbuM ^A c 




\ /u /?r* 



250 COPIES PRINTED FROM TYPE 

COPYRIGHT 1917 
BY 

Agnes Beville Vaughan Tedcastle 



67 



To 

The Memory of my Grandmother 

LA VINA LIPSEY BEVILLE 

AND TO 

My other Best Friend 
My Husband 



CONTENTS 



Chapter 

Foreword 
I. Glimpses of Southern Plantation* Life 
II. The Bevill or Beville Family 

III. The Vaughan Family 

IV. The Harrison Family 
V. The Pelot Family 

VI. The Pearce Family 
VII. The Chisholm Family 
VIII. The Atherton Family 
IX. The Humphrey Family 
X. The Gignilliat Family 
XI. The Cooke Family 
XII. The Weekes Family 

XIII. The Leeds Family 

XIV. The Scruggs Family 
Xotes 
Index 



Page 

1 
23 
55 

I I 

93 
121 
127 
135 
143 
149 
155 
161 
167 
173 
181 
193 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



Mary Lavisy Beville Vaughan . . . Frontispiece 

Ellen 14 

104 years on the Harrison Plantation. 

Beville Coat of Arms . 22 

Gwarnock 24 

Keduced to a Farm House in the 17th Century. 

Beville Altar-Tomb, Talland Church, Cornwall . 28 

Agnes Beville Willetts 38 

Agnes Obedience Beville Tedcastle .... 66 
And her " grand child," Agnes Beville Willetts. 

Tedcastle Coat of Arms 68 

Granted in 1590. 

Lieutenant Commander Horace Nephew Harrison . 80 
United States Navy. 

" Hill Crest," Home of the Author .... 136 

Pillars at " Hill Crest " 144 

View from Rose Arbor, "Hill Crest" . . . 168 



FOREWORD 

Among the English settlers in Virginia, under Lord Del- 
aware and Sir Thomas Dale, in the very early part of the 
seventeenth century, and at later periods in the same cen- 
tury, were representatives of many of the greatest families 
of the Mother Land. The same also is true of the settlers 
of South Carolina, which colony was granted by Charles the 
Second to eight noblemen in 1665, and under the patronage 
of these " Lords Proprietors " began to be settled in 1670. 
To one or the other of these famous southern colonies came 
early, but in precisely what years we cannot now tell, the 
various families of which limited sketches will be given or to 
which allusions will be made in the following pages. Of any 
of these families far too little has yet been written. Living 
as they did on great plantations and owning large numbers 
of negro slaves, rejoicing in aristocratic traditions and able 
not only to indulge luxurious tastes but to exercise unstint- 
edly the high-bred hospitalities becoming true gentlefolk, 
there is no section of the American people in Colonial times 
whose community life stimulates the imagination and lends 
itself to dramatic historical description and dramatic fiction 
half so insistently and richly as theirs. 

That old Virginia and South Carolina and Georgia plan- 
tation life, with its luxury and ease, its courtliness and grace, 
its strong sense of honour among men and chivalrous regard 
for women, — in short with all its high lights of romance, and 



Foreword 

its dark shades of prosaic defect as well, is long gone now. 
"Already, as we regard it," says Charles Dudley Warner, 
" it assumes an air of unreality, and vanishes in its strong 
lights and heavy shades like a dream of the chivalric age." 
But in many quarters, in spite of the glare of modern 
changed conditions, unfaded memories of it remain, and in 
some at least of the descendants of those who figured in it, 
as in the writer of the present volume of family sketches, 
there is strong sense of the duty of preserving the names 
and the personalities of these early people from entire obliv- 
ion in the generations to come. 

The greater number of families, which because of their 
interrelationships are grouped together in this volume are 
Southern families, but as in the activities and general inter- 
ests of America in modern days the various sections of the 
country are becoming more and more entangled, so to the 
group of Southern families mentioned in this book will be 
found linked a number of the prominent Puritan families of 
the North. It was a somewhat far cry from Massachusetts to 
the extreme South in the days of the Revolution, but shortly 
after the close of that great struggle one of the writer's ances- 
tors, who had served through the whole of the war, found his 
way, unmarried, to Georgia, and became in the adjoining 
Spanish Colony of the Floridas, a Southern Planter too. 
Marrying, about 1798, a southern wife, he founded a family, 
which thus had the good fortune to inherit some of the richest 
traditions of both North and South. 

Of these combined northern and southern families from 
which she is descended, and their histories, the writer of the 
present volume has undertaken to give brief outline sketches 
here. 



Foreword 

The writer realizes that the field wherein she has done 
her work of love is by no means exhausted. If, however, 
her efforts should lead to a deeper sense of the debt we owe 
to the memory of the strong men and women of the Ameri- 
can Colonies who labored and endured that this wonderful 
land we call The United States of America should become our 
heritage, her work will not have been in vain. Her reward 
has come in large measure from the acquaintance and cor- 
respondence with men and women of to-day who have con- 
tributed no little to the data herewith presented. 

A. B. V. T. 

Hillcrest, Milton, 

June, 1917. 



GLIMPSES OF SOUTHERN 
PLANTATION LIFE 



" I love thee next to Heaven above, 
Land of my fathers ! — Thee I love." 

" Joys too exquisite to last, 

And yet more exquisite when past." 

Montgomery. 



" Far down the winding river named in honor of King James by 
the navigators Newport and Smith, who wrested from the dusky 
dwellers on its banks an earlier right to call it for their sovereign 
King Powhatan, stands an old brick house. With spreading wings 
and airy colonades it is a type of the stately by-gones of Virginia's 
ancient aristocracy now crumbling to sure decay. Surrounding its 
lawns and rose gardens are marshes full of game, wheat fields and 
tobacco fields still ready to answer to a fructifying touch, tall forests 
of unbroken shade." Mrs. Burton Harrison, in Flower De Hundred. 

" I am helped to bear all that is so very painful to me here by my 
constant enjoyment of the strange wild scenery in the midst of which 

I live I rode today to some new cleared and ploughed ground 

that was being prepared for the precious cotton crop. I crossed a 
salt marsh upon a raised causeway that was perfectly alive with land- 
crabs, whose desperately active endeavors to avoid my horse's hoofs 
were so ludicrous that I literally laughed alone and aloud at them. 
The sides of this road across the swamp were covered with a thick 
close embroidery of creeping moss or rather lichens of the most vivid 
green and red : the latter made my horse's path look as if it was 
edged with an exquisite pattern of coral ; it was like a thing in a 
fairy tale, and delighted me extremely .... 

" After my crab and coral causeway I came to the most exquisite 
thickets of evergreen shrubbery you can imagine. If I wanted to 
paint paradise I would copy this undergrowth, passing through which 
I went on to the settlement of St. Annie's, traversing another swamp 
on another raised causeway. The thickets through which I next 
rode were perfectly draped with the beautiful wild jasmine of these 
woods. Of all the parasitical plants I ever saw, I do think it is the 
most exquisite in form and colour, and its perfume is like the most 
delicate heliotrope." Frances Anne Kemble, in Journal of a Resi- 
dence on a Georgia Plantation. 



CHAPTER I 



GLIMPSES OF SOUTHERN PLANTATION LIFE 

' I 'HE writer of the following family sketches was reared on 
A the plantations of her maternal grandparents in Georgia 
and Florida, while others of her immediate ancestors owned 
conspicuous plantations in East Florida not far from the 
Georgia line. Life on all these plantations was much the 
same, and it seems desirable before the sketches themselves 
begin, to give some glimpses of this life as the writer actually 
knew it. 

Besides our grandparents' large plantation, which con- 
sisted of about four thousand acres, there was the town 
house, with twenty acres about it, the eastern boundary of 
this property being a beautiful stream loved by the Indians 
in earlier days, the name of which was (and is) " Sweet Water 
Branch," because of the transparent clearness and purity of 
the water which flows in it. This crystal stream flowed for 
miles through a forest of primeval pines. On the town prop- 
erty our little grandmother put into practice her advanced 
ideas on horticulture, growing here most of the ornamental 
and fruit trees and shrubs peculiar to the West Indies, as 
well as those already commonly known in Florida. She had 
a theory that to get the sweetest oranges one must raise the 
trees from seed without grafting, and from somewhere she 

(i) 



2 The Beville Family 

once procured a barrel of so-called China oranges, which 
were medium in size, very fine skinned, and of a peculiar 
aromatic sweetness, and from these she raised trees, some of 
which stood close to the house and grew to be quite thirty 
feet tall. From the thud story windows of the great house 
we used freely to gather oranges which hung in wonderful 
clusters of gold against a background of dark glossy green 
leaves. The little grandmother began growing bananas also, 
but her sense of beauty was so great that she soon discarded 
these trees because they were ragged, untidy, and ugly in 
appearance. 

Within the gate of her wonderful garden 1 of roses, jasmines 
of all kinds, oleanders twenty feet high, heavily laden with 
rosy pink blossoms, and century plants with their delicate 
yellow orchid-like blooms that came only once, we used to 
play till our dear old black mammy would warn us that our 
day was ended and we must go to bed. One of the most 
sacred memories of the dear grandmother was her injunction, 
which we never disobeyed, that having spoken with the 
Heavenly Father in our evening prayer we must speak to no 
human being afterward that night. Thus came to us a 
spirit of reverence for God which has never been and can 
never be lost. 

Our grandfather was reared by his grandfather, a gentle- 
man of General Washington's time and type, and our grand- 
father's memories were historic and picturesque. As we 
walked and talked together, the man of six feet two inches, 
and the little girl, his first grandchild, whom he always 
called his " baby," it was the writer's good fortune to learn 
much of the noble past of the South, both as regards men 
and measures. He always styled his grandfather our grand- 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 3 

father, and they two and the little grandchild " our threefold 
cord." To his grandchild he entrusted the responsibility of 
transmitting to later generations the traditions he loved so 
well. 

One of the chiefest of these traditions was how the old 
Joshua Pearce homestead, on the original grant from King 
George the Third, in St. George's Parish, now Screven County, 
Georgia, had been made historic and doubly dear by the 
visit of President Washington in the course of his memora- 
ble ride from Savannah to Augusta in 1791. Later, in 1825, 
Stephen Pearce, son of Joshua, entertained General Lafay- 
ette on his return visit to the South he had served so well 
in the closing years of the Revolution. 

Pleasant it was in 1916 to find that only the day before, 
the country schoolmaster had brought his pupils from the 
church near by to show them the much respected spot where 
the great house had stood. It may interest our readers to 
know that the mahogany table at which our first President 
sat for his tea on that fifth of May, 1791, is still in the 
family of his host. Washington chose for his refreshment 
on that occasion, southern waffles, crisp and thin, honey and 
pound cake, in which he knew his hostess excelled. The 
table has another association of historic interest : when it 
was being removed from the burning house a soldier dis- 
figured it with a slash of his sword. Just here let us say 
that the kindred and friends of the owners of this table 
bear little malice towards General Sherman, although their 
eyes grow dim with tears as memories of the dark period 
of the civil war persistently crowd upon them. 

Our table has carried us along the years with too great 
swiftness, we must go back to Georgia and have a closer 



4 The Beville Family 

look at those gentlemen who came with their families and 
slaves from Virginia and the Carolinas somewhere between 
1758 and '68, and settled in the newer province of Georgia. 

By this change they secured by royal grant a larger acre- 
age for their plantations, but found serious border troubles 
by reason of the hostile attitude of Indians and Spaniards. 
As one studies the colonization of our country one realizes, 
however, the comfort and delight that must have come to 
these planters by moving in groups the members of which 
were bound to each other by the closest ties of blood and 
friendship. Whether we find these men, brave and true, in 
Virginia, the Carolinas, or Georgia, we see in the main the 
same family groups clinging together, as for example the 
Arundells, Bevills, Edwardses, Everetts, Granvilles, Hales, 
Laniers, Mclntoshes, McCalls, Millses, and Pearces. 

The sources of the wealth of these planters were the pro- 
ducts of the soil, rice, indigo and cotton, and especially the giant 
pine trees of Georgia's primeval forest. These huge pines 
were sent down the Savannah and other rivers, and thus on 
to England to be made into masts for the British nav}^ and 
to enter into the construction of manor houses. These land- 
ed proprietors of the South thus became men of large incomes 
and wide influence. Colonel Charles Spalding Wylly, in 
his enlightening and charming book "The Seed that was sown 
in the Colony of Georgia," describing life on the Georgia Sea 
Island plantations on which the writer's ancestors lived, says: 
"In manner, mind, and bearing the planter and gentleman 
of that day exhibited a constant courtesy to equal and in- 
ferior. Many were men of wide education and often of 
travel and experience. The fatal "environment" had not 
yet poisoned spirit, heart, or action. They were distinguished 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 5 

by a universal desire for the upbuilding of the country and 
for love of the Union. To a certain extent they were over- 
bearing in opinion, for the habit of command asserted itself 
in their mental as well as their daily life, and with it a dog- 
matism not open to argument." 

"The home life of these owners of generally large planta- 
tions was delightful; hospitality was universal, and to be the 
guest of one family insured constant invitations to others. 
Courtesy, one to the other, was greatly in evidence in speech 
and demeanor. Indeed, the " code duello " had long issued 
its decree that the slighest deviation from a studied etiquette 
demanded quick reparation, and that to women was due 
double caution in speech and approach. The mode of en- 
tertainment was lavish, and though in somewhat of a cas- 
tle-racket " order, had yet to every visitor the subtle charm 
of being made to feel that in his stay he was conferring a 
favor and not in receipt of one. To this was added a con- 
stant change in the company, for in some houses the pro- 
cession of incoming and outgoing guests was continuous." 

" An aunt of mine has said to me that when a young 
lady in her father's house, she scarcely remembered sitting 
down to the dinner table with less than twenty-four. And 
I have often been told of the gentleman and his wife who 
being asked to dine at a residence on St. Simon, found that 
during a meal a boat had been sent to Darien, fifteen miles 
distant for their luggage, and that so much pleased were host, 
hostess, and guests with one another that the stay was pro- 
longed until two children had been born to the visiting 
couple." 

"The most common mode of entertaining," says this 
writer, " was the giving of formal dinners. . . . The men ar- 



6 The Beville Family 

ranged hunting, fishing, and shooting parties for the morn- 
ings and forenoons. The ladies rode much on horseback, 
but never as is now common joined the men in their field 
sports; conversation and needlework were their chief re- 
sources ... In each of the homes the library was the room 
most frequented. The paucity of social life forced a book 
companionship, and when chance or purpose threw the 
residents together, the conversation turned into channels as 
unlike the talk, chat, and repartee of the present day as is 
possible to be imagined. . . . The sons of ' well-to-do ' fam- 
ilies were sent abroad and received fair educations with col- 
legiate training. But that of the daughters was in general 
entrusted exclusively to governesses. The colleges and fin- 
ishing schools that now offer to the feminine sex advantages 
not inferior to what Princeton, Harvard, and Yale give to 
their brothers, were unknown. One or at most two years in 
Charleston or Savannah gave the finishing touch to an ed- 
ucation that was often followed quickly by an early mar- 
riage." 

" The mistress of one of these plantation houses, and host- 
ess to this never ending house party," continues the writer, 
" led an arduous life. Servants she had in numbers .... 
but they needed her constant oversight and care." 

This last bit of description applies with peculiar aptness to 
our little grandmother. Her responsibilities and duties were 
manifold, by reason of the care of her own children, the man- 
agement of her numerous slaves, and the superintendence of 
the rearing of their children, who were dear to her not so 
much because they were her possessions, as because they were 
her fellow human beings. The little grandmother was pos- 
sessed of all the qualities and attributes sketched by King 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 7 

Solomon as essentials of the perfect woman. Not content 
with rearing her own ten children, she did as much for two 
orphans and her first grandchild, as well as two coloured boys. 

It is often charged that the Southern planters ruthlessly 
separated the families of their slaves when it suited their 
convenience to do so, but there was at least one instance of 
a mother who so trusted her " ole miss " that she chose to 
leave her two small boys with her when her owners removed 
to Florida. Nancy was a famous cook and was always al- 
lowed to go to neighboring plantations to assist their mistresses 
when weddings were about to take place. She was the chief 
of three cooks at the great house, while her husband belonged 
to a neighboring planter. When it was decided by our 
grandfather to remove to Florida, he offered to purchase 
Nancy's husband, but his owner saw too good an opportun- 
ity to procure an excellent cook, and so refused to sell his 
man, also declining to buy Nancy's small sons, aged two and 
three. In this exigency Nancy was allowed to choose 
whether she would remain or not, and she thought it best 
to cling to her husband. Our grandparents, however, com- 
pelled her new owner to allow her to continue the care of her 
six months old baby. This was in 1851, but when a visit 
was finally made by the little grandmother to her sister at 
her Georgia plantation, twenty years later, Nancy left her 
husband and accompanied her former mistress to Florida, 
scarcely ever again while she lived leaving her side. The 
writer well remembers Nancy's " shouting " around the young- 
coloured son of twenty-two, who had been taken to Georgia 
to see his mother while she was still there. 

Has it ever been given to the reader to see a church full 
of people smile a welcome to an adorable and adored woman 



8 The Beville Family 

when she appeared ? The writer looked forward to this 
benediction every Sabbath long ago, for when the little 
grandmother walked into the village church on grandfather's 
arm, the members of the small congregation knew that their 
patron saint was there and in this way acknowledged her 
presence. And a picture, too, she was, dressed in her pretty 
brown silk, with real lace collar, and quaint poke bonnet 
which framed her beautiful face. Her eyes were large and 
blue as Heaven's own sky, her hair soft and curly, lightly 
touched with gray, her features regular and true, shining 
with the light that never was on land or sea. 

What did Monday bring this mistress of a large plantation 
of the early nineteenth century ? There were the spinning 
wheels and looms to be set in motion, while the many clothes 
had to be cut and made for the men, women, and children 
at the " quarters. " All the workers were carefully trained 
and supervised by the little grandmother, and there was not 
one among them who could make the big cotton spinning- 
wheels sing so sweetly as could she. Truly, the music of the 
pines at her door was not sweeter to the writer than the 
whir of her wheel as she moved back and forth while teach- 
ing those who were less skilled than herself how to make 
the threads finer and truer. All her movements gave us joy, 
and wherever she passed her very presence threw the high 
lights on the picture. After all, is not life one complete 
picture ; and all pictures must have high light, middle tint, 
and shadow, without which there would be no form. The 
high light of life is what we make it by our own determined 
touch and skill, the middle tint is the daily routine, and is 
as beautiful and useful as we choose to make it, while the 
shadow is sorrow and death ! Then there were the weddings, 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 9 

christenings, sugar-cane boilings, plantings, etc., all of which 
functions " ole miss " must attend. When sickness came she 
was untiring, and these dear dependents were always satisfied 
and cheered by her ministrations, whatever the result. 

It is worth not being young any more to be able to re- 
member somewhat of the old regime of a Southern planta- 
tion. Even in our Southern home of the late nineties after 
our marriage it was blessed to have our dear old black 
mammy Harriet with us. We did not own her, she owned 
us, and in a measure controlled our destiny. One day 
Mammy Harriet met a young man of feeble health near the 
entrance to the estate, and thus accosted him: "Little bit, 
is you gwine up to de big house to see my chile ?" Upon 
being answered in the affirmative she took him by the 
shoulder, and turning him around with his face towards the 
town said: " You des go back to dat town wid dat guitar 
in yo' haid ! ,: And he took her decision of his love affair 
as final. Mammy's outlook was far oftener true than other- 
wise. 

Once Mammy asked for money to send her grandchild to 
a Northern city, where an older sister of the girl was at 
work, and where there were excellent schools. A few weeks 
later the dear old soul announced: " May is comin' home, 
she on de train now. Dey put her in a room wid a whole 
passel o' white chillun, and May cyant stan' it !" Mammy 
Harriet's description of Heaven, in the hymn which she fre- 
quently crooned, was unique: 

" When I go to Heaven 
An' live at my ease 
Me an' my Jesus 
Gwine do as we please." 



10 The Beville Family 

REFRAIN. 

" Aint I happy now 
Settin down by de side ob de Lam'." 

" Two white hosse» 
Side an' side, 
Me an' God-a'mighty 
Gwine tek a ride." 

REFRAIN. 

•' Aint I happy now 
Settin down by de side ob de Lam'." 

One evening we told Mammy she need not come to us for 
the usual reading of the Scriptures, because some friends had 
unexpectedly come to us for a game of whist. "Ay Lord ! " 
said mammy with a deep sigh. ' What is the trouble 
Mammy?" we asked. u O Miss Aggie, Honey," answered 
the dear old soul, " I don' on'erstan' you young Christuns. 
You pray to God-a'mighty one night, an' you play cyards 
de nex'." 

Once Mammy came to us in an excited frame of mind and 
urged us to write a note to her cousin, from whom she rented 
a cabin for her daughter and her family. " Tell him, please 
ma'am," she said, " dat ef he will wait to de een' of de 
month I'll pay him his ole rent ef he des wont level (levy) 
on my furniture." In less than a fortnight Mammy said to 
us : " You 'member, Miss Aggie, I axed you to write to dat 
good-fur-nuthin' cousin of mine, Anderson Paine, and tell 
him not to level on my furniture ? Well, I done bin to de 
Cote House and Ise got my papers, and de clerk say ef I 
fetch him a dollar ev'y year I wont have to pay no more 
debts long as I live." When we remonstrated with her at 
taking such unfair advantage of the law, she said : " What's 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 11 

dat law made fur, Honey, ef it ain't fur widders and orphans 
lak me ? 

Has any of our readers ever seen the " man in the moon " ? 
He is there, and we know it, because our black Mammy told 
us so when we were very very young. He was put there, she 
said, as an awful punishment for "burnin' brush on a Sun- 
day," and so breaking the Fourth Commandment. What, we 
wonder, would Mammy think of the modern keeping of the 
Sabbath, of society's teas and dinners, golf, tennis, and 
rackets of many kinds. 

When Mammy grew altogether too old to work we pen- 
sioned her and she rented a cabin in what we considered an 
utterly unsuitable neighborhood, the land being low and 
lying along the line of a railway. But the dear creature 
insisted that it was greatly to her advantage to live there 
and we found that the chief merit of the location was that 
it afforded her an opportunity of getting her wood and coal 
for nothing. In answer to our expressions of surprise at 
this revelation she stated that she got her fuel " from the 
cyars that stood on de siding, and nobody ain't 'sturbed me 
yit." " When do you go for your wood and coal ? " we 
asked her. " Three o'clock in de mawnin'," she replied, 
quite as a matter of course. No doubt this was quite the 
safest hour in the day for such an expedition. 

Once when we returned from England, after visiting our 
family there Mammy queried : "How long wuz you on dat 
big water, wuz it one week or two ? Anyhow, I prayed two 
weeks to make sure. But de nex' time he go to see his ma 
he must go by hissef and leave my chile at home." 

The slaves of the aristocracy of the South were very proud 
of the lineage of their owners. In 1889 we were building 



12 The Beville Family 

roads and making lawns and orchards on our estate, and it 
fell to the master of the house to decide between two appli- 
cants for the position of " boss of the gang." He chose the 
bigger, stronger man, without any thought of his prestige or 
the lack of it, that he had had as a slave in the early- 
sixties. The head of the house was soon called to Massa- 
chusetts on business, and it fell to the writer to bear 
the brunt of his mistake, for he had made the mistake of 
choosing a negro who had belonged to an obscure family. 
The unsuccessful candidate, Frank, worked well, but, as 
having been a slave on a notable plantation, he felt keenly 
his disgrace in being placed in a subordinate position to the 
other negro. One morning we received this greeting from 
Frank : " Good mawnin mam ! I's pintedly glad to see you, 
cause dat Yankee gen'man he don made dat ole nigger John 
de boss of us ten niggers when he don know nuttin. Ef 
he tell you the name of his master you wouldn't know who 
he wuz ; and he maybe never had but one nigger no-how, 
while I was Senator Ben Hill's nigger, I wuz, and dey 
teached me out of de books, dey did." " Please mam," he 
continued, " you knows books, now tell me, is dat land 
harvey's uncle ? ' We insisted that we did not understand, 
but at last it dawned upon us that he meant horizontal. 
The word, he was sure, was either in the " jografy" or the 
" 'rithmetic," he did not know which. When we guessed 
horizontal he said : " Yes'm, sho I mean dat, ain't I tell you 
it wuz in de books and dat my master, Senator Ben Hill, 
teached me. But please mam, tell me mistis, wuz it in de 
jografy sure nuf, or in de 'rithmetic ? " 

Frank, the gardener, was as black as ebony, but he and 
the black pet cat, " Jetty," were not on good terms. From 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 13 

our chamber window, once when Jetty was spitting out her 
dislike of Frank, with her back and fur raised high, we 
heard this retort from the negro : " Fore Gawd, I'd lak to 
know who's eny blacker 'an you is ! " 

Ellen Billups was quite the best cook we ever had. She 
was talented and had been exceedingly well-trained by a 
famous Southern housewife. The day she came to our 
country home to apply for the position, we frankly told her 
we wanted a woman without children ; she quickly replied 
" I aint got a chile in de worl'." When she had been in 
our employ several months we observed that she had con- 
verted her sitting-room into a sleeping-apartment. On in- 
quiring about the, matter she answered thus : "' Dat is fur 
Bud and Dove, my sons." " But you told us you had no 
children," we said. " Dey aint no chillun, mam," she re- 
plied, " dey is full grown men, but dey takes dey meals at 
de resterann." In the South all the house servants live in 
a neat cottage on the estate, each maid generally having 
two rooms allotted to her. Our parlor-maid at this time 
was Alice, whose husband, Sam Boiling, was a well-known 
preacher. 

We had just recovered from the shock of discovering 
Ellen's sons, " Bud " and " Dove," when, one fine Summer 
morning about five o'clock, we saw the dark-visaged figure 
of a bearded man pass out of the grounds along the river- 
bank. "And who is this man, Ellen ? " we asked, later in 
the day. " Oh, Miss Agnes," she said, " dat's Jones ; us 
bin keepin' house together for sixteen years ; you needn't 
bother 'bout him" We will let Alice, the parlor-maid, whose 
husband was a preacher, tell what followed. ' Last night 
me and Sam were settin' down talkin' and there ca*me a rap 



14 The Beville Family 

on the door. When we opened it, there stood Ellen all 
dressed in white, with a hand on Jones's arm. She said right 
shyly: ' Brother Boiling, me an' Jones wants you to marry us. 
We'se sassfied, but Miss Agnes she feel so bad 'bout us keep- 
in' house together dat Jones he dun got a weddin' license.' " 

The couple were married and nothing further was said 
about the matter for a number of weeks, then one day Ellen 
said to us : " Miss Agnes, you alius' have extry men in de 
gyarden, won't you please mam give Jones employment ? ' 
'' Certainly," said we, and the next Monday Jones appeared 
in the garden. All the week he worked well and on Satur- 
day afternoon Ellen requested that we should give his money 
to her, saying she would give it to him. 

The next Monday morning Jones was missing. " Where 
is Jones ? " we asked Ellen. " I'll tell you de truth 'bout 
dat nigger, Miss Agnes ; long as we des kep' house together, 
he gived me all his money dem sixteen years an' we never 
had no words 'bout nuthin. But des as soon as dat ole 
weddin' license wuz bought, it was nuthin' but qwarellin', 
qwarellin' all de time, an' he am' never give me a cent, till 
I tuk his wages las' Saturday night. Dat nigger dun gone, 
an' he aint gwine cum back no mo' nuther." 

As we have already stated, Sam Boiling, whose wife was 
our parlor-maid, was a colored preacher, his charge being a 
church on an island near Savannah. Late one evening- 
Alice received by telegraph this message : " Come at once, 
Sam Boiling dying." We so dreaded the excitement and 
confusion incident to such a funeral as would probably be 
had on our estate if Sam's body were brought there, that the 
master of the house strongly advised, nay even ordered, Alice 
to bury her husband in his own churchyard, so that his parish- 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 15 

ioners might bear the expense of the funeral and care for his 
grave. To this Alice readily assented. A very few days 
later Alice, to our surprise, again waited on us at breakfast, 
looking none the worse for her sad experience. " Well, 
Alice," said the master, " of course you buried Sam be- 
side his church ! " " No, sir ; " answered the woman, ' I 
brung him home." " But I told you to bury him there ! ' ! 
exclaimed the master. With characteristic naivete Alice re- 
plied : " Yes, sir, but he aint daid, I brung him home alive." 
Ellen Harrison, whose likeness we are delighted to reproduce 
here, is now a hundred and four years old. Her picture 
was taken last summer on Amelia Island, Florida, at the old 
Harrison plantation, where she has always lived, held in 
high esteem by the family and their descendants who once 
owned her. Only last summer Ellen was cook at a house- 
party of the grandchildren and great-grandchildren of her 
former master. One could go a day's journey and find no 
nobler woman than she, regardless of color or creed. Honor, 
efficiency and poise are unmistakably among her characteris- 
tics and have had their part in the fine life she has lived. 
W^hen asked if she remembered the visitor's grand parents 
she answered joyously ; ' Indeed I do remember Marse 
Daniel and Miss 'Liza, and Marse Johnnie (our father), 
too. Those were good old days when they lived, and I 
cooked for them." 

" Daddy Primiss " is now almost a hundred and was 
owned by the brother of one of our ancestors. He makes 
his home with the great-grandchildren of his old master. 
This message he sent to us not long ago : ' Please mum, 
put it in your book dat my master, Robert Bevill, married 
de widder Hudson, who wuz Miss Sarah Williams, of South 



16 The Beville Family 

Carolina ; an' she wuz n't born no Hudson an' I knows it." 
It is doubtless true that other genealogical tangles would be 
straightened out could we only gain access to more of these 
dear old friends of the long-gone past. 

Loyalty to those employers of whom they think well- 
enough to call " our folks " and devotion to their duty to 
them are still dominant traits in the best of the Southern 
colored people. We are glad that our own home is still 
blest with the services of refined, well-trained men and 
women of this race. " Our Mary," especially, who comes to 
us from Charleston year after year, is indeed to the manor 
born. 

It was customary before the civil war for the master of a 
large plantation to ride about his fields frequently on a fine 
horse set apart for his use. There was a bridle-path in 
every important field along which the planter would ride 
while he made his observations. There comes to our mind 
now one event of special interest and importance that oc- 
curred once when Grandfather and his little girl, the writer, 
were driving along a lane on the plantation. A noise as of 
snorting horses caused us to look upward to a woodland 
stretch that lay on a knoll above the lane where we were 
driving : Then it was that the child got her very first im- 
pression of grandeur, in witnessing a fight between the two 
magnificent stallions of the stock plantation. The two eldest 
sons of the planter were in the habit of riding " Dudley " 
and " Jordan " in making their rounds of the plantation, 
being always very careful to avoid meeting each other. On 
this occasion, however, the two men rode around the curve of 
the forest from opposite directions, and without a moment's 
notice, the stallions sprang at each other. For a few mo- 



Glimpses op Southern Plantation Life 17 

ments the riders kept their seats, then simultaneously they 
made a leap, and both seizing heavy fence-rails, struck the 
maddened animals blow after blow. Their onslaughts, how- 
ever, were without effect. ' Dudley " and "Jordan " were 
each so determined to kill the other that they seemed not to 
notice their masters' strokes. The fight did not cease until 
one horse had dug his teeth into the other's neck and felled 
him. When " Jordan " lay dead " Dudley " stood over 
his body with true animal pride in his deadly feat of killing 
his rival. This was a Southern duel of an unusual kind. 
When we were older we recognized the counterpart of the 
battle in the Rosa Bonheur's famous painting ' The Horse 
Fight." 

Each notable Southern plantation had its cotton-gin, grist- 
mill, and store. On Friday of every week, neighboring 
groups of planters would send their corn to the mill to be 
made into meal and hominy to meet the plantation's needs 
for the coming week. During the cotton-picking season, on 
all other days than Friday the power, which was steam, 
would be used alone for driving the cotton-gins : Saturday, 
also, on the plantation was an interesting day, for then the 
slaves assembled in the smoke-house yard for the distribu- 
tion of their week's rations, which consisted of corn-meal, 
hominy, bacon, flour, syrup, and sugar. They themselves 
raised in the " patches " about their cabin-doors such things 
as chickens, vegetables and small fruits. 

There were many Southern families that felt the poverty 
consequent upon the civil war more keenly than did ours. 
The little grandmother's good judgment and fine executive 
ability soon caused our cotton to be turned into a bank 
balance, and even cotton caterpillar, so dreaded by Southern 



18 The Beville Family 

planters, did not dismay her. She always argued the wis- 
dom of raising diversified crops, so that if rain, so necessary 
to the growth of corn, was not abundant, cotton, which is 
eminently a sun-plant, could still be made to keep the bal- 
ance. When they grew up, the three oldest sons of the 
family were made masters of the several institutions of the 
plantation and this distribution of authority worked well on 
the place. 

In one of the skirmishes which occurred at Gainesville 
during the Civil War, when the Federals had been victori- 
ous, little grandmother's town house was taken as a hospital, 
though we were permitted to occupy the third floor. The 
estate was well picketed by Federal soldiers, and the family 
was thus protected. The dark red piano cover was flung to 
the breeze as the hospital flag, and for many years after- 
ward we children used to peep into the hole on the stairway 
which was pierced by a bullet as it passed between the 
ankles of our favorite aunt as she ran upstairs. During the 
engagement the children had been sent by grandmother to 
the third floor, but when the greatest activity began on the 
ground floor, the writer, as a little girl will often do, ran 
below to take observations. The picture that presented 
itself to her was of the slaves running back and forth with 
shining white cedar tubs filled with water, and grandmother 
and her daughters with others tenderly ministering to the 
needs of the wounded and dying. Even in such circum- 
stances grandmother's large and wide sympathies did not 
forsake her. 

When Cedar Keys was stricken with yellow fever in 1871, 
with her usual greatness of soul she threw open her house 



Glimpses of Southern Plantation Life 19 

to the refugees, and then as a consequence came our terri- 
ble loss, for she herself was stricken with the dread disease 
and died. Curiously, it was then held by the medical world 
that yellow fever could not occur except in sporadic cases, 
other than on the seaboard, consequently people from the 
stricken town of Cedar Keys rushed to the interior to escape 
it, and accordingly the town of Gainesville was as deeply 
bereaved as though a war had been fought within its pre- 
cincts. 



THE BEVILL OR BEVILLE 

FAMILY 



" The stately homes of England 
How beautiful they stand 
Amid their tall ancestral trees 
O'er all the pleasant land." 

Mrs. Hemans. 




villlc lD4Xti/ of*, irmd 



CHAPTER II 



THE BEVILL OR BEVILLE FAMILY 

A MONG the many great English families which sent rep 
resentatives to Virginia in the seventeenth century was 
the illustrious Cornish family of Bevill or Beville. 2 This fam 
ily was one of the group of noted families of Cornwall which 
comprised the Arundells, Bassets, Fortescues, Godolphins, 
Granvilles, Killigrews, Petits, Prideauxs, Roscarricks, St. 
Aubyns, Tregomynions, Trewents, and Tremaynes, and was 
by all means one of the greatest of them. Its founder was 
De Beville, a Norman knight, " who accompanied the Con- 
queror in his expedition to England, and was placed at Truro 
as Commander-in-Chief of the Western District." There 
seems little doubt, says Gilbert, in his Complete Historical 
Survey of Cornwall, "that the castle of Truro was built as 
a residence for this petty chief and his successors in office, " 
and the early importance of the family is shown by the fact 
that Reginald Bevill was one of the two first representatives 
of Cornwall in the English Parliament in the year 1294, the 
twenty-third year of the reign of Edward the First. In 
succeeding parliaments many Bevills held the same relation 
to the county, and one of the family, John Bevill, a de- 
scendant of Reginald, was Sheriff of Cornwall in 1382. 

(23) 



24 The Beville Family 

Famous alliances without number occurred in successive 
generations between the Bevill family and the other great 
Families of Cornwall, notably the families of Arundel and 
Granville or Grenville. "The manor of Gwarnike," says 
Lysons's Topographical and Historical Account of the County 
of Cornwall, " passed at an early period, by a female heir, 
to the ancient family of Bevill, whose chief seat it continued 
to be for ten descents. The male line of this family became 
extinct in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, when the two co- 
heiresses married into the families of Arundell of Trerice, 
and Grenville. The Arundells became possessed of Gwar- 
aicke; John Arundell of Gwarnicke, commonly called Black 
Arundell (from his always wearing a black dress), dying 
without issue in the year 1597 gave it to his kinsman Pri- 
deaux. In 1704, it was sold by the Prideaux family to 
James Kempe of Penryn, and in 1731 purchased by Edward 
Prideaux, Esq r ., of Place House, Padstow, ancestor to the 
Rev. Charles Prideaux Brune, of the same place. . . . There 
were formerly two chapels at Gwarnike ; one at a small 
distance from the house, which was demolished before the 
year 1736, and another attached to it, which, together with 
'the old hall, curiously timbered with Irish oak,' was then 
remaining." 

A farm house built of materials from the hall now occupies 
the site of this famous residence of the Bevilles and Arundells. 
Between the Bevilles and Granvilles or Grenvilles there 
were several notable alliances, which are indicated or de- 
scribed in the magnificent History of the Granville Family 
( traced back to Rollo, first Duke of Normandy, with ped- 
igree charts), by the Rev. Roger Granville, M. A., Rector 
of Bideford, and published in Exeter, England, in 1895. " Sir 




i; - 

t 



The Bevill or Beville Family 25 

Richard Granville, marshal of Calais," says the Rev. Roger 
Granville, "improved the family estates by his marriage 
with Matilda, daughter and co-heir of John Bevill of Gwar- 
nock, the descendant of another old Norman family, which 
had been settled in Cornwall since the Conquest, and with 
whom the Granvilles intermarried more than once. The 
will of Peter Bevill (The father of John Bevill) was proved 
in 1515. In it the names of his two granddaughters occur. 
' Item do et lego Marie Arundell et Matilde Greneffelde, fil : 
Johannis Bevyll filii mei cuilibet earum £%0.' " 

A grandson of Sir Richard Granville and his wife, Matilda 
Bevill, was the celebrated Sir Richard Granville of the 
Revenge, cousin of Sir Walter Raleigh, who in 1591, as 
Vice-Admiral of a squadron was sent out to intercept the 
richly-laden Spanish fleet on its return from the West Indies. 
" How the English ships were surprised in their lurking place 
at Flores in the Azores, and how valiantly Sir Richard Gran- 
ville fought and died for Queen and Country let Raleigh and 
Tennyson tell." This Sir Richard Granville, also, it was, 
who brought to Virginia in 1585 Sir Walter Raleigh's second 
fleet with the colonists who fared so badly that they returned 
to England with Sir Francis Drake. The grandson of this 
Sir Richard was " the immortal Sir Beville Granville, eldest 
son of Sir Bernard Granville and his wife Elizabeth Beville 
of Killigarth, near Polperro," who fell at the battle of 
Lansclowne, near Bath, fighting for King Charles the First, 
in 1643. 

The ancient parish church of Cornwall with whose history 
the history of the Beville family is most closely identified is 
the Talland Church, commonly known as the Beville Church, 
near Polperro, the most picturesque and entirely unchanged 



26 The Beville Family 

fishing village in Cornwall. " This church/' says Gilbert, 
"was considered not many years ago one of the most inter- 
esting religious edifices in Cornwall .... The form of 
the building is rather singular, it having a large Gothic 
porch on the south side, with two heavy entrances ; and on 
the south side of this is attached the tower, which rises to a 
good height and is adorned by battlements. The interior of 
the church consists of two noble aisles and a small transverse 
called Killigarth Aisle, and although its religious aspect is 
considerably lessened by the glare of its Venetian windows 
its former impressive dignity is by no means wholly subdued. 
Most of the original pews remain and the workmanship on 
them is unusualfy rich and beautiful. In the south aisle 
are hung several helmets, which bear a griffin, the crest of 
Beville ; also swords and gauntlets. Below these venerable 
antiquities stands an altar tomb whereon is sculptured the 
full length effigy of John Beville, Esquire, who died in 1574, 
and a profusion of other ornaments." The epitaph is as 
follows : 

" Here lyeth ye bodye of John Bevyll of Kyllygarth, Es- 
quire, who deceased the XXth of January, beynge ye age of 
LXIII, in anno Elizabeth Regine XXI, 1578, he married 
Elizabeth Myllytun, and had Issue by her lyvying at hys 
deceaes 4 sons and 4 daughters 

" A Kubye Bull in perle Filde 

doth shewe by strength and hew 
A youthful wight yet chaste and cleane 
to wedded feare most trew 

• ; From diamonde Beare in perle plot 
a leevinge hee achieved 
By stronge and steadfast constancy 
in chastness still contrived 



The Bevill or Beville Family 27 

" To make all up a raach he made 
with Millets plaste 
In native seate so nature hath 
the former vertues graste 

" His Prince he served in good regard 
twyce Shereeve and so just 
That justlye still on Justice seate 
three Princes him dyd trust. 

" Such was his lyfe and suche his death 
whose corps full low doth lye 
Whilste soule by Christe to happy state 
with hym doth rest on hye. 

" Learne by his life such life to leade 
his death: let platform bee 
In life to shun the cause of death 
that Christe may leeve in thee. 

" William Bevill, Knight, eldest brother. He married 
Jane, daughter of Thomas Arundell, Knight. 

" Peter Beville, second brother, married Grace, one of the 
co-heiresses of William Vyell, Esquire. 

" Philip Bevill, third brother, married Elizabeth, daughter 
and heir of Anthony Bearrye. 

"John Bevyll, fourth brother, married Johan, the daughter 
of Killiowe. 

" Henry Meggs, Esquire, married Elizabeth, the eldest 
daughter of John Bevyll, Esqire. 

" Walter Kendall, Esqire, married Agnes Bevyll, the second 
daughter of the aforesaid John Bevyll. 

" William Pomeroye, married Mary Bevyll, the third 
daughter. 

" Humphrey Prideaux, Esqire, married Johan Bevyll, the 
fourth daughter. 



28 The Beville Family 

" This Toumbe was made at the costs and charges of 
William Bevill, Knight, Sonne and Heir of John Bevill, 
Esquier, here in toumbed, and the Ladye Jane, wief unto 
the saied Syr William Bevyll, Knight, being the youngest 
daughter of Sir Thomas Arrundell, Knight. 

" Motto : Futurum invisible." 

" Much of the history of the interior of our church," says 
the Reverend J. Parson, the present Vicar of Talland Church, 
" centres round the name of Sir John Beville, Kt., whose 
exquisite slate monument is in the east end of the South 
aisle. It is just possible that it may be due to his mater- 
nal grandfather, John Bere, of Killigarth, who died in 1517, 
that we owe the oldest carving and seating ; but more prob- 
ably .... we owe it to John Beville himself, who died in 
1587, and that it is due to his granddaughter, and her hus- 
band, Sir Bernard Grenville, who also lived at Killigarth, 
that we owe the remaining carved ends — those in the north 
transept, the pulpit, and the Beville family pew. The rea- 
son which induces one to believe that John Bere, or John 
Beville, did much for the church in his day, is that the 
initials ' I. B.' are on the panel of one of the oldest bench 
ends, with a winged figure as finial, near the pulpit. It is 
unreasonable to suppose the initials would be placed there, 
unless there was some cause of gratitude towards a public 
benefactor. And for the same reason the Grenvilles, who 
owned this estate later, were not likely to permit their coat 
of arms to be paraded for the sake of vainglory, nor would 
any other donor put on these carvings, the arms of a family 
with which he was not connected. Sir Bernard Grenville 
came into possession of Killigarth through marriage. It was 
the home of his wife, Elizabeth, who was the only child of 







S3 



&S 



£ 

^ 



■41 



The Bevill or Beville Family 29 

Phillip Beville, and the only grandchild of all John Beville's 
four sons and four daughters. Sir Bernard Grenville gave 
up his residence at Stowe in Kilkhampton parish, North 
Cornwall, to his son, Sir Beville Grenville, of famous memory, 
and came to Killigarth to live. Two letters of his are in ex- 
istence, dated from Killigarth, in 1614 and 1616. . . . 

" It adds much to the interest of our church to realize 
that here there must have worshipped, and these seats have 
been occupied by, successive generations of great men and 
heroes. For example, Sir John Beville, who was Sheriff for 
the county under three monarchs (died 1578) ; and his cousin, 
the great Sir Richard Grenville, whose mother was a Beville. 
The latter would have paid occasional visits before his death 
at sea (1591), when he died fighting the Spaniards against 
untold odds. Then again, Sir Bernard Grenville, son of the 
preceding. He was noted for his goodness and worth as a 
county gentleman, and lived for some years at Killigarth as 
stated. Also, his most distinguished son, Sir Beville Gren- 
ville, 3 who led King Charles's forces in Cornwall and other 
parts of England." 

Sir Bevill Grenville's eldest son John was a principal 
instrument of the Restoration, and was created Earl of 
Bath, 20 April, 1661, three days before the coronation of 
King Charles the Second. Soon after the Restoration the 
king claimed the province of Carolina and united it to Great 
Britain as a " Principality or Palatinate." The fertile dis- 
tricts between Albemarle Sound and the river St. John the 
king granted to eight of his favorite noblemen, John Gren- 
ville Lord Bath being one of them. Bath was appointed 
Lord-Lieutenant of the Counties of Cornwell and Devon in 
England. " A document," says the Rev. Roger Granville 



Q 



The Beville Family 



in his History of the Granville Family, " dated 24 June, 1670, 
is extant, by which the Earl of Bath, as Lord-Lieutenant of 
Devon, appointed twenty-one gentlemen of the county to 
act as his Deputies. Attendant to this commission is a 
magnificent seal nearly three inches wide. On it is repre- 
sented the Earl in armor on horseback charging the foe. 
The inscription is Sigillum Praenobilis Johannis Comitis 
Baihoniae. The reverse bears the family arms quarterly: 
(1) Granville; (2) Wyche; (3) St. Leger; (4) Bevill; and on 
a scroll is the expressive motto, Futurum invisibile." 

The founder of the Bevill family of Virginia, the " Old 
Dominion ", was Essex Bevill, whose name first appears in a 
land warrant dated 27 October, 1671, to " Essex Bevill of 
Old Town, on the Appomatox river." That he had then 
recently come, and that he had come not directly from Eng- 
land but from Barbadoes seems highly probable. His wife 
is known to have been Ann Butler, 4 whom he married prob- 
ably about 1669, for his eldest son, John, was born, it is 
said, in 1670. Other children of Essex and Ann Bevill were: 
Essex, Jr., whose wife was Mary, and who was alive in 1726; 
Mary; Elizabeth; and Amy. 

John Bevill, elder son of Essex and Amy Bevill, married 
Martha, possibly Claiborne. He had a grant of land con- 
firmed to him of two hundred and twenty-five acres in 
Bristol Parish, " formerly granted to Amy Butler, mother of 
the said John Bevill, dated in the original grant 29 Septem- 
ber, 1664, in Charles City county, Virginia." On the 17th of 
August, 1720, Essex Bevill, Jr., had a grant of a hundred and 
twenty-seven acres " on the south side of the Appomatox 
river, in Prince George county, Virginia, opposite Sappony 
town." 5 An interesting notice of Mrs. Amy Bevill occurs 



The Bevill on Beville Family 31 

in the Institutional History of Virginia in the Seventeenth 
Century (Vol. I., p. 408). A few years after 1684, as the 
date would seem to be, " Mrs. Ann Bevill of Henrico, by 
deed of gift during her lifetime, divided her collection of 
books equally between her two sons ". This collection of 
books, from the special mention of it as having been trans- 
mitted by deed of gift, would probably have been one of 
the most important private libraries in Virginia at the 
period when it was willed. 

On the 25th of August, 1724, Robert Bevill, who was 
probably a son of John rather than Essex, received a 
grant of two hundred and twenty acres in Prince George 
County. After this there were many grants made to Bevills 
of the third generation — to John Bevill, to Thomas and 
Daniel Bevill, " sons of Essex Bevill deceased " (dated 
1730), and to Essex Bevill, 3rd. The Robert Bevill who 
received a grant in Prince George County in 1724 was 
one of the most prominent men in Bristol Parish, and 
his name occurs frequently, as a Vestryman and as hold- 
ing other important posts in the records of this parish. 
As Vestryman his influence would necessarily be very 
wide; "The Vestries," says Bishop Meade, in his Old 
Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia, ' were the 
depositaries of power in Virginia. They not only governed 
the Church by the election of ministers, the levying of taxes, 
the enforcing of laws, but they made laws in the House of 
Burgesses; for the burgesses were the most intelligent and 
influential men of the parish, and were mostly vestrymen." 

Precisely who the wife of Robert Bevill the vestryman 
was we do not know, but her first name was Ann, and the 
couple had four sons and one daughter recorded in Bristol 



82 The Beville Family 

Parish records. Whether there were others we cannot cer- 
tainly tell, but we suspect there were. The children who 
are recorded were: James, born 2 November, 1721; Robert, 
10 October, 1723; William, 2 October, 1726; Joseph, 11 
December, 1730; Frances, 12 December, 1732. Of these 
children, the second, Robert, whose wife was named Sarah, 
removed to Georgia, where in December, 1759 he petitions for 
four hundred and fifty acres of land "to be located about 
four miles above Briar creek". In this petition Robert says 
that he has been in the Province of Georgia for a year, and 
that he has a wife and three children. On the 24th of April, 
1760, he was selected by the Royal Commissioners and the 
Legislature to be one of the Commission for the Parish of 
St. George, in which he resided, to put the forts of the prov- 
ince in good repair, this action having become necessary by 
reason of the hostile attitude of the Cherokee Indians. In 
November, 1766, he was dead, for at that date Sarah Bevill, 
his widow, petitions for three hundred acres more land " on 
Briar creek, about two miles above Beaver dam ", in her 
petition stating that her husband had had four hundred and 
fifty acres under a prior grant. She also mentions that she 
has five children. In February, 1767, Sarah unites with her 
neighbors, Nathaniel Miller, William Colson and Abraham 
Lundy in a petition for one thousand acres of land from 
which to cut timber, which petition was granted. On the 
8th of March, 1774, Sarah gives a deed to her sons Robert, 
Paul and James Bevill, "for love and affection" of all per- 
sonal property, of which, however, she retains for herself the 
use during her natural life. This deed, which is recorded in 
Effingham County, was witnessed by John Bonner and 
Thomas Lundy. On the 14th of March, 1774, Sarah Bevill, 



The Bevill or Beville Family 33 

widow of Robert, was married, secondly, to David Harris, 
of Burke County, Georgia. On the 21st of July, 1778, 
David Harris, planter, and his wife Sarah Bevill, of Burke 
County, deeded to William Colson and Paul Bevill three 
hundred acres in Burke County, bounded east by Briar 
creek, on all other sides by vacant land. 

Paul Bevill, second son of Robert and Sarah of Effing- 
ham County, Georgia, born in Virginia about 1755 or '56, 
married in Effingham County, then St. Matthew's Parish, 
about 1780-82, Sarah Scruggs, daughter of Richard and Ann 
(Sisson) Scruggs, of the same parish, who like the Bevills, 
were originally from Virginia. In 1793, Screven County was 
laid out from Burke and. Effingham counties, and thereafter 
Paul Bevill's plantation lay in both Effingham and Screven 
counties. 

The Rev. George White in his Statistics of the State of 
Georgia (page 520), says that among the early settlers of 
Screven County were Lewis Lanier (collateral ancestor of 
Sidney Lanier, the poet), Captain Everett (a collateral 
ancestor of Rev. Dr. Edward Everett Hale), Paul Bevill, 
Richard Scruggs and Stephen Pearce. Three of these plant- 
ers, Paul Bevill, Richard Scruggs, and Stephen Pearce, were 
great-great-grandfathers of the author of this, book. These 
men were all Justices of the Peace, and officers of the several 
churches to which they belonged. All had the distinction of 
having served in the Revolution, and one of them, Richard 
Scruggs, was a member of the Council of Safety for the 
Province of Georgia. They were, of course, large landowners 
and were noted for kindness and strict justice in all their 
dealings with the dependants on their estates. Among the 
traditions of these planters is the laudable tradition that they 
always advocated good roads, good schools, and churches. 



34 The Beville Family 

Paul Bevill and his wife, Sarah Scruggs, had sons, James, 
and Paul, Jr., the latter of whom was born 11 July 1788; 
and daughters, Sarah Ford Bevill, and one other, probably 

Frances, who was married to Garnett and had, among 

other children, a son, Paul Bevill Garnett. The last will 
and testament of Paul Bevill was made on the 24th of Janu- 
ary, 1828, and probated 10 January, 1836. It reads as 
follows : 

The Last Will and Testament of Paul Bevill 

In the name of God, amen — I, Paul Bevill of the State 
of Georgia and county of Effingham, being in good health 
and sound mind, considering the uncertainty of life, do make 
and ordain this my last will and testament, that is to say 
principally and first of all, I give and recommend my Soul to 
God who gave it, and my body to the Earth from whence it 
came to be buried in decent Christian burial at the discretion 
of my friends. 

As touching such worldly estate wherewith it has pleased 
God to bless me with in this life, I give and dispose of in 
the following manner and form : — First : — I desire that all my 
just debts be paid. Secondly: — I give unto my beloved wife 
Sarah Bevill during her life time my real and personal estate 
with the exception of what has already been disposed of to 
my daughter Sarah Ford Bevill in deed of trust. Thirdly: — 
I give unto my grandson Paul Bevill Mathews one negro 
boy named Valentine, also one tract of land containing five 
hundred acres originally granted to John Lucas, also, one 
other tract containing five hundred and fifty acres granted 
to Paul Bevill, which property should the said Paul Bevill 
Mathews not arrive to the age of maturity shall be divided 
among his brothers and sisters. 

Fourthly: — I give and bequeath unto my following named 
grandsons, Paul B. Garnet, Stephen P. Bevill, James Bevill, 
Claborn Bevill, John G. Bevill, Paul R. Bevill, and William 



The Bevill ok Beville Family 35 

Colson the residue of my property viz: When Stephen P. 
Bevill shall come to years of maturity, or should he die, then 
the next oldest of my grandsons, the following negroes * * * * 
shall be divided into lots amounting in value equal one to 
another and divided according by giving to Stephen his por- 
tion, the balance to remain in the hands of my executors 
and delivered to my grandsons as they respectively arrive to 
the years of twenty-one, with this difference, that James 
Bevill shall receive one negro, or the value of an ordinary 
negro, more than either of the others, provided also, that if 
either of my before mentioned grandsons should die before 
receiving his portion, then his portion shall be divided among 
the remaining survivors. Again, I give unto my grandson 
James Bevill my brass-mounted rifle. Again, all my lands 
except what I have given away as before mentioned, shall 
be sold and the proceeds equally divided among the before 
named grandsons. 

Lastly: — I do appoint John Goldwire Mathews and Wil- 
liam H. Scruggs executors to this my last will and testament 
with the request that my first named executor shall manage 
alone the concerns of my estate as long as he may live, or 
until the same is completed, and I do hereby utterly dis- 
allow, revoke and annul all and every other testament, will, 
legacy and bequest by me in any way before named willed 
and bequeathed, satisfying and confirming this and no other 
to be my last will and testament. In witness whereof I have 
hereunto set my hand and seal this the twenty-fourth day 
of January Eighteen-hundred and twenty-eight. 

PAUL BEVILL (L S) 
Signed and sealed in the presence of us 

Henry White 

Ch. M. Hill 

John J. Pitts, [Probated 10th January, 1836] 

Paul Bevill, Jr., second son of Paul Bevill and his wife 
Sarah Scruggs, was born 11 July, 1788, married, first, in 1810 



36 The Beville Family 

Mary Pearce, daughter of Stephen Pearce and his wife, Mary 
Mills, born 6 February, 1793. They had children: Stephen 
Pearce Bevill, born 14 January, 1811; Sarah Ann Bevill, born 
4 November, 1812; and John Goldwire Bevill, born 7 Septem- 
ber, 1814. Mary Pearce, wife of Paul Bevill, Jr., died 15 
August, 1816, and Paul married, secondly, Eliza Rudolph 
(license granted 15 April, 1817). Of this marriage one child 
only was born, Paul Rudolph Bevill, who died 20 January, 
1855, "aged about 35." Paul Bevill, Jr., died before Janu- 
ary, 1820, for on that date " Paul Bevill, Sr., was appointed 
guardian of Stephen P. Bevill and John G. Bevill, minors 
and orphans of Paul Bevill, Jr., deceased; and Eliza W. 
Bevill was appointed guardian of Paul R. Bevill, minor and 
orphan of Paul Bevill, Jr." Paul Bevill, Jr.'s, widow, Eliza 
Rudolph, was married secondly " about or before 29 July, 
1819, in Screven County, Georgia" to William Lundy, of a 
family that " can be traced back to Brunswick County, Vir- 
ginia, associated with Laniers and other intermarried families 
of Burke, Screven, and Effingham counties, Georgia." 

Stephen Pearce Bevill, elder son of Paul Bevill, Jr., and 
his wife Mary Pearce, was born 14 January, 1811, in Georgia, 
and married 28 November, 1833, Lavina Lipsey, born 10 
May, 1811, daughter of William Lipsey and his wife Ann. 
Between 1835 and 1861 Mrs. Lavina Bevill bore her husband 
twelve children; she died 15 November, 1871. In 1851 
Stephen Pearce Bevill removed with his family from Georgia 
to Alachua County, East Florida, several other Georgia fam- 
ilies descended also from early Virginia colonists going at 
the same time. The occasion of their migrating to Florida 
was that ancestors of theirs had received large grants there 
while the colony belonged to Spain, and these grants were 



The Bevill or Beville Family 37 

now so valuable that it was important that they should be 
occupied. 6 One of these grants alone, given in 1767, was of 
the enormous extent of sixteen thousand acres, and was to 
William Mills, Jr., a great-grandfather of Stephen Pearce 
Bevill, and some four thousand acres of this had come into 
the possession of Mr. Bevill. To this inherited estate Bevill 
added by purchase, and he now owned a large plantation, 
on which he raised corn, cotton, poultry, and stock. Owning 
a spacious colonial house in Gainesville and several comfort- 
able houses on his plantations, he with his family lived in 
the usual luxurious ease of the people of his station in the 
South. He owned, of course, a considerable number of 
slaves, the row of " quarters " for whom was so long that 
standing at one end one could not see to the other. On 
this plantation he gradually settled his sons, and, as his 
daughters married, no less than four of his sons-in-law. 

The aristocratic spirit and bearing of the Southern gen- 
try in the old days " before the War " is a matter of com- 
mon knowledge, and Stephen Pearce Bevill was no exception 
to the rule. He was patrician in mind and manner, and in 
the parts of Georgia and Florida where his plantations lay, 
people of all ages treated him uniformly with a reverence 
that was almost awe. He was a Justice of the Peace, Clerk 
of the Alachua County court, and being reared in the Baptist 
faith, which a large number of other influential persons in 
Gainesville had adopted, senior deacon of the Gainesville 
Baptist Church. To his slaves he was so kind and faithful 
a master that three years after they were emancipated every 
one who was still alive had returned to his plantation and 
gladly reported to the familiar roll call. Erect of form, of 
great refinement of face and elegance of manner, with an 



38 The Beville Family 

unmistakeable hauteur that prevented the slightest familiar- 
ity on the part of inferiors, conscious always of the proud 
traditions of his family, Stephen Bevill was yet a thoroughly 
kind Christian man. Whether he knew Emerson's precept 
or not, " Life is not so short but that there is always time 
enough for courtesy," he believed and practised it, and the 
memory he has left his descendants is of a true gentleman 
of an age that had gentlemen indeed. He died 29 April, 
1894, and was buried in the cemetery of Gainesville, which 
he with others had set apart in 1852. 

The children of Stephen Pearce Bevill and his wife Lavina 
Lipsey were: John Rieves, born 3 October, 1834, married 
Elizabeth Rain; Sarah Jane, born 2 December, 1836, died 
young; Robert Harper, born 9 October, 1838, married Jemima 
Simmons; Mary Lavisy, born 15 January, 1841, married first 
to John James Vaughan, second to Colonel Hamlin Valentine 
Snell; Stephen Calfrey, born 19 October, 1843, married first 
Frances McRae, second Annie Jones; Sarah Rebecca, born 
16 January, 1845, married James Barrett Cullen; Frances 
Alethea, born 3 July, 1847, married to John W. Crichton; 
Ann Elizabeth, born 14 March, 1850, married first to George 
Francis Kinsey Beattie, second to James Henry Jarvis; Henry 
Lafayette, born 8 March, 1852, married Ellen McRae; Hen- 
rietta Rudolph, born 19 April, 1855, married to Louis Smith. 

Mary Lavisy Beville, daughter of Stephen Pearce Bevill 
and his wife Lavina (Lipsey), was born 15 January, 1841, on 
her father's plantation in Effingham County, Georgia, about 
twenty-five miles from Savannah. She was married, first, 
in November, 1858, to John James Vaughan of Amelia Island, 
Florida, her parents as we have seen having removed in 1851 
from Georgia to Alachua County, Florida, where after that 








_ i <m<i e<) - zJj* i 'i Ur // / lie th 



The Bevill or Beville Family 39 

time she had lived. By her first marriage, Mary Beville 
had one child, Agnes Beville Vaughan, the author of this 
book. In the autumn of 1867, she was married, secondly, 
to Colonel Hamlin Valentine Snell, the most noted lawyer 
of his time in Florida, and a speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, who was said by governors and judges of his 
state, his intimate friends, to have been the most influential 
advocate of the admission of Florida into the Union as a 
State. To her second husband Mary Beville bore two 
children: William Hamlin Snell, born 23 October, 1868, died 
23 December, 1870; and much later, Frances Lavinia Snell. 
Mrs. Mary Beville Snell died at Gainesville, Florida, at what 
had been her father's town residence, 23 November, 1889, 
Colonel Snell having died about four years earlier. 

Robert Harper Bevill, son of Stephen Pearce and Lavina 
(Lipsey) Bevill, born 9 October, 1838, married Jemima Sim- 
mons, and had two children, Alfred Stephen and Mary. 
Alfred Stephen Bevill married Ruby Young, and had two 
children, Julia and Mildred. Mary Beville was married to 
Louis C. Lynch, and had one son Haisley. Mary Lavisy 
Beville (Stephen Pearce and Lavina) was married as above. 
Ann Elizabeth Beville (Stephen Pearce and Lavina) was 
married to George Francis Kinsey Beattie and had two 
children, George Francis Kinsey Beattie, Jr., and Ann Beat- 
tie, the latter of whom was married to Ernest Ward Willetts, 
M. D., of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and has three children: 
Agnes Beville Willetts, born 26 November, 1906; Ernest 
Ward Willetts, Jr., born 14 February, 1909; Arthur Tedcastle 
Willetts, born 20 August, 1910. Mrs. Ann (Beville) Beattie 
was married second, in 1877 to James H. Jarvis of Virginia, 
and to him bore three children: Harry Lee Jarvis; Arthur 
Tedcastle Jarvis, and Blanche Jarvis. 



THE BEVILLE DESCENDANTS 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butlek 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 8 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Paul 5 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Scruggs 
Paul 6 Bevill, Jr. = Mary Pearce 
Stephen Pearce 7 Bevill = Lavina Lipsey 
Mary Lavisy 8 Beville = John James Vaughan 
Agnes Beville 9 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 3 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Paul 5 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Scruggs 

Paul 6 Bevill, Jr. = Mary Pearce 

Stephen Pearce 7 Bevill = Lavina Lipsey 

Ann 8 Beville = (1) George Francis Kinsey Beattie 

(2) James Henry Jarvis 
Anne 9 Beattie = Ernest Ward Willetts, Sr., M. D. 
Agnes Beville 10 Willetts 
Ernest Ward 10 Willetts, Jr. 
Arthur Tedcastle 10 Willetts 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 8 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Paul 5 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Scruggs 
Paul 6 Bevill, Jr. = Mary Pearce 
Stephen Pearce 7 Bevill = Lavina Lipsey 
Ann 8 Beville = (1) George Francis Kinsey Beattie 

(2) James Henry Jarvis 

Arthur Tedcastle 9 Jarvis, Sr. = ■ 

Arthur Tedcastle 10 Jarvis, Jr. 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 8 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Paul 5 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Scruggs 
Paul 6 Bevill, Jr. = Mary Pearce 
Stephen Pearce 7 Bevill = Lavina Lipsey 
Robert Harper 8 Bevill = Jemima Simmons 
Alfred Stephen 9 Bevill = Ruby Young 
Julia 10 Beville = Jonathan Yerkes 
Mildred 10 Beville 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 8 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Paul 5 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Scruggs 
Paul 6 Bevill, Jr. = Mary Pearce 
Stephen Pearce 7 Bevill = Lavina Lipsey 
Robert Harper 8 Bevill = Jemima Simmons 
Mary 9 Beville = Louis C. Lynch 
Haisley 10 Lynch 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 8 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Robert 5 Bevill = Sarah (Williams) Hudson 
Granville 6 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Ann Bonnell 
Granville 7 Bevill, Jr. = Patience Mobley 
Daniel Earl 8 Beville = Martha Jane Mobley 
George Granville 9 Beville = (1) Bird Biddle 

(2) Pattie Scott 
Etta M. 10 Beville = James Edward Slaughter 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 3 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Robert 5 Bevill = Sarah (Williams) Hudson 

Granville 6 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Ann Bonnell 

Julia 7 Beville = Ezekiel Samuel Candler, Sr. 

Ezekiel S. 8 Candler, Jr. = Nancy Priscilla Hazlewood 

Daniel Beville 8 Candler = Dora Candler 

Charles Granville 8 Candler 

Julia Ada 8 Candler 

Milton Asa 8 Candler = Elizabeth McKinney 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann ?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 8 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Robert 5 Bevill = Sarah (Williams) Hudson 
Granville 6 Bevill, Sr. = Sarah Ann Bonnell 
Julia 7 Beville = Ezekiel Samuel Candler, Sr. 
Ezekiel S. 8 Candler, Jr. = Nancy Priscilla Hazlewood 
Julia Beville 9 Candler = Franklin Gregory Swift 
Susan Hazlewood 9 Candler = Wm. E. Small, Jr. 
Lucy Alice 9 Candler 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 8 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Robert 5 Bevill = Sarah (Williams) Hudson 
Claiborne 6 Bevill = Susannah Daly 
Henrietta 7 Beville = Henry J. Strobahr 
Ida Claiborne 8 Strobahr = James Oliver 
Henrietta 8 Strobahr = C. C. Purse 

Noble 8 Strobahr = Strobahr 

Rebecca 8 Strobahr = Habersham King 
Cecil 8 Strobahr = (1) Lou Oliver Bryant 

(2) Asselia Gaschet de L'Isle 
Garnett 8 Strobahr = Lola Crawford 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 3 Bevill = Ann 

Robert 1 Bevill = Sarah — — 



Robert 5 Bevill = Sarah (Williams) Hudson 
Claiborne 6 Bevill = Susannah Daly 
Henrietta 7 Beville = Henry J. Strobahr 
Henrietta Beville 8 Strobahr = C. C. Purse 
Elizabeth 9 Purse 
Roberta 9 Purse 



Essex 1 Bevill = Amy [Ann ?] Butler 

John 2 Bevill = Martha 

Robert 3 Bevill == Ann 

Robert 4 Bevill = Sarah 



Robert 6 Bevill = Sarah (Williams) Hudson 

Robert 6 Bevill = Nancy 

Scruggs 7 Bevill = 

Granville 8 Bevill, 3d = 

Scruggs 9 Bevill = 

Granville 10 Beville (daughter) 



THE VAUGHAN FAMILY 



" I sing New England, as she lights her fire 
In every Prairie's midst ; and where the bright 
Enchanting stars shine pure through Southern night, 



She still is there." 



William Ellery Charming 



CHAPTER III 



THE VAUGHAN FAMILY 

A BOUT 1796 a young American lieutenant, John Vaughan, 
**■ who the previous year had been stationed at the little 
military post known as " Burnt Fort, " in southeastern 
Georgia, on the Satilla river, received from the Spanish Gov- 
ernment a large grant on Amelia Island, in the extreme north- 
eastern portion of Florida, just below the St. Mary's river. 
The exact extent and date of his grant we do not know, for 
at the time he obtained it, as for many years before and 
for nearly a quarter of a century after, the loose Spanish 
control of northern Florida and the constant entanglements 
of the nominal government there with the governments of 
France, England, and the United States, made the keeping 
of accurate records almost an impossibility. During his 
brief term of military service at Burnt Fort, as we suppose, 
Vaughan met Rhoda Effingham, whose uncle had a plantation 
at Peter's Point, in Camden County, Georgia, not far from 
the fort, and about 1797 married her, afterwards retiring to 
his Sea Island plantation, where he spent the rest of his life. 
John Vaughan was not a Southerner but was a native of 
Massachusetts, where he was born probably in 1762. His 
parents were Henry Vaughan, Jr., and his wife, Mary 
Humphrey, both also natives of Dorchester, his mother's 
family being one of the most conspicuous families in that 

historic Massachusetts town. 

(55) 



56 The Beville Family 

The Vaughan family is not found in Dorchester earlier 
than 1736, its founders there being Henry Vaughan, Sr., and 
his wife Elizabeth, who so far as we can see bore no immedi- 
ate relationship to any other family of Vaughans in New En- 
gland, and who may have come, a young couple recently mar- 
ried, directly from England or Wales. In April, 1737, Henry 
Vaughan was declared eligible in Dorchester for jury duty; 
9 May, 1739, he and others petitioned that the part of Dorches- 
ter where they resided should be annexed to the town of Ded- 
ham, and to Dedham, accordingly, this part of Dorchester 
was annexed. Thenceforth, then, we find the Vaughans resi- 
dents of Dedham, their home, as a writer in the Dedham 
Historical Register (Vol. 1, pp. 98, 99) says, being on or near 
what is now Readville Street, this location being determined 
by the fact that Henry Vaughan " owned land running from 
Mother Brook, across River Street, and nearly to Readville 
Street." 7 

In the Dedham and Dorchester Town and Church records 
we find the births and baptisms carefully given of three, and 
only three, children of Henry and Elizabeth Vaughan. 
These children were : Henry, born 31 August, baptized 31 
October, 1736 ; Elizabeth, born 4 April, baptized 8 April, 
1739 ; and John, born 13 May, baptized 26 May, 1745. Of 
these children, Henry, the eldest, married in Dorchester (by 
Rev. Jonathan Bowman), 20 August, 1761, Mary Humph- 
rey, born 8 April, 1730, daughter of Samuel and Mary 
(Leeds) Humphrey of Dorchester, who is said in the 
Humphrey Genealogy to have died in December, 1804. 
From the Dorchester Vital Records we learn that a Henry 
Vaughan died 31 August, 1769, and this we believe to have 
been Henry Vaughan, Jr., rather than his father. On the 



The Vaughan Family 57 

Register of the First Church in Dorchester (from 1729 to 
1845) we find recorded the baptisms of two children of 
Henry, Jr., and Mary (Humphrey) Vaughan, — Mary, bap- 
tized 8 July, 1764, and Henry, baptized 18 May, 1766; but 
they had possibly two children, certainly one, born between 
the date of their marriage and the date of the baptism of 
the child Mary as given above. Their first child, as we be- 
lieve, who lived, was the lieutenant of Burnt Fort and the 
Florida planter, John Vaughan, whose tombstone records his 
birth as occurring on the thirteenth of March, 1763, but who 
must have been born, we think, in 1762. 

On the second of January, 1777, announcing his age as six- 
teen, 8 John Vaughan entered military service in Massachu- 
setts for the period of the Revolution. As the Massachu- 
setts military records testify, and as he himself at later 
times declared, on this date he enlisted as a private in 
Captain Wiley's company, Colonel Michael Jackson's regi- 
ment. On the 4th of June, 1833, when he was, so he says, 
"seventy" years old, desiring to receive the bounty land 
" promised " him by the United States for his Revolution- 
ary service, he appeared before Nicholas Biddle Van Zandt, 
Justice of the Peace in the city of Washington, and made 
oath that in January, 1777, he entered the service of the 
United States " for the term of during the war, " and that 
he ''served in the company commanded by Captain Wiley, 
in the Regiment No. 8, commanded by Colonel Michael 
Jackson of the Massachusetts line," and that he " was hon- 
orably discharged at the close of the War in the year 1783, 
from the Regiment commanded by Colonel M. Jackson afore- 
said. " On the thirty-first of March, 1856, when he was, as he 
says, " ninety-three " years old, desiring to receive bounty land 



58 The Beville Family 

for service he had rendered in the " Indian War " after the 
Revolution, he appeared before John Johnson, Justice of the 
Peace in Nassau County, Florida, and made oath that he 
was " the identical John Vaughan who was a private in the 
Massachusetts Line in the Revolutionary war, as will be 
seen by reference to the Pension Office ; also in the Com- 
pany of Captain Pierce in the Regiment commanded by 
Colonel Hamer in the year 1785, in the then Indian War, 
and was mustered into the United States Service in German- 
town, and was in the service for the space of twelve months, 
as will be seen by reference to the proper Department, and 
was honorably discharged, at place not recollected, some 
time in 1786. He makes this declaration for the purpose 
of obtaining the bounty land to which he may be entitled 
under Act passed by Congress on March 3, 1855. " In the 
next and final paragraph of his sworn declaration, he says 
that for his service in the Revolution he had received from 
Congress as bounty land one hundred acres. 

From these sworn declarations of Vaughan, and from 
other official records, we learn, then, that the military ser- 
vice of this young Massachusetts soldier covered in all a 
period of some nineteen years. After the Revolution, he 
was, probably continuously, in service in Pennsylvania and 
other states, finally at the State House at Augusta, Georgia, 
on the tenth of January, 1795, being appointed " Lieutenant 
of the Department of the militia at Burnt Fort, and to con- 
tinue as such until the first of January, 1796, unless sooner 
discharged. " When the war of 1812 came, although living 
then on his Florida plantation, under the government of 
Spain, he owned land in Georgia, and was still an American 
citizen. Accordingly, fired with a spirit of loyalty to his 



The Vaughan Family 59 

country, he left his family on his plantation, crossed into 
Georgia, and once more entering military service, remained 
in the army until the end of the war. 

John Vaughan married, as we have seen, about 1797, 
Rhoda Effingham, niece of Thomas Harvey Miller, owner 
of a notable plantation at Peter's Point, in Georgia, near 
St. Mary's, and not far from the Florida line. Her mother 
was Pharaba Miller whose kinsman, Phineas Miller, married 
19 July, 1796, at Philadelphia, Mrs. Catharine Greene, widow 
of General Nathanial Greene. In each generation of this 
Miller family since the Revolution there have been noted 
lawyers, as, for example, Stephen D. Miller, author of The 
Bench and Bar of Georgia, and Andrew J. Miller of Augusta, 
to whose memory the women of Georgia erected a monu- 
ment in his home city Augusta, soon after his death. 

At some period in his career, possibly because of the pres- 
ence of some other John Vaughan near him in military ser- 
vice, or in the county where he finally settled, John Vaughan 
adopted as a middle initial the letter "D", and in his later 
years was known commonly as John "D" Vaughan. He 
died on his plantation on the 16th of April, 1860, and was 
buried in a private burying-ground on his estate. The 
tombstone first erected to his memory was destroyed during 
an uprising of the negroes on Amelia Island, at the beginning 
of the civil war. The Federal Government punished the ne- 
groes for their offence, and erected a shaft which now stands 
at the head of his grave. On the east side of the shaft the 
inscription reads: 



60 The Beville Family 

SACRED TO THE MEMORY 

OF 

JOHN D. VAUGHAN 

BORN IN BOSTON, MASS., MARCH 13, 1763, 

DIED IN 

NASSAU COUNTY FLORIDA 

APRIL 16, 1860 

AGED 

97 YEARS 

On the north side appears: 

HE BLED FOR LIBERTY AND BEQUEATHED ASA LEGACY 
TO HIS POSTERITY RESISTANCE TO TYRANNY AND OP- 
PRESSION. PEACE TO THE ASHES OF THE TRULY GREAT. 

On the west: 

ALMOST THE LAST OF THE HEROES OF THE REVOLU- 
TION, HIS LIFE FADED CALMLY. IT WAS MARKED BY 
ALL THOSE VIRTUES WHICH ADORN A HERO, EVENTFUL 
AND DETERMINED. 

HE LIVED RESPECTED. 

HE DIED BELOVED. 

RHODA 

HIS WIFE. 

On the south side: 

WHEN IN COMING YEARS THE STRANGER SHALL READ 
THIS EPITAPH, REMEMBER THAT THIS MONUMENT MARKS 
THE SPOT OF ONE WHO LIVED IN TIMES WHICH TRIED 
MEN'S SOULS, AND THAT HE ASSISTED IN BEQUEATH- 
ING TO YOU THE RICH LEGACY YOU NOW ENJOY. 
SACRED BE THE SPOT. 



The Vaughan Family 61 

The Daughters of the American Revolution of the State 
of Florida have lately petitioned his family for a deed of his 
grave, which they wish to honour perpetually in tribute to 
his service to the country. 

The children of John D. Vaughan and his wife Rhoda 
Effingham were: Daniel, born in 1800 ; Pharaba Jane, mar- 
ried to General James Gignilliat Cooper ; and William, born 
in 1806. 

Will of John Daniel Vaughan. 

In the Name of God Amen. 

The Last Will and Testament of John Daniel Vaughan. 

I John Daniel Vaughan of the County of Nassau and State 
of Florida being in good bodily health and of sound mind 
and memory calling to mind the frailty and uncertainty of 
human life and being desirous of settling my wordly affairs 
and directing how the estates with which it has pleased God 
to bless me shall be disposed of after my decease while I have 
strength and capacity so to do do make and publish this my 
Last Will and Testament hereby revoking and making null 
and void all other last wills and testaments by me hereto- 
fore made. 

And First I commend my immortal being to him who 
gave it and my body to the earth to be decently interred. 

And as to my wordly estate and all the property real per- 
sonal or mixed of which I shall die seized and possessed or 
to which I shall be entitled at the time of my decease I de- 
mise bequeath and dispose thereof in the manner following 
towit 

Imprimis my will is that all my just debts and funeral 
expenses shall by my executors hereinafter named be paid 
out of my estate as soon after my decease as shall by them 
be found convenient. Item I give bequeath and devise my 
whole and entire interest and property in negro Slaves in the 
following manner to wit In three equal shares or divisions 



62 The Beville Family 

The first share I give devise and bequeath to Eliza Vaughan 
the wife of my oldest son Daniel Vaughan to hold to her 
and the children of her body by my said son Daniel forever 
The second share or division that is one third of my whole 
number of negroes I give and bequeath in the following 
manner to wit One half of said share division or third I give 
and bequeath to my second and youngest son William 
Vaughan To have and To hold in his own proper right in fee 
simple; the other half of said share division or third I give and 
bequeath equally to the Three children of my said son William 
Vaughan he being their Natural guardian until their majority 
The Third and last share division of my whole negro prop- 
erty I give devise and bequeath to my only daughter Jane 
Pharaba Cooper To have and To hold to her and her heirs 
forever Item I give devise and bequeath to Eliza Vaughan 
aforesaid Two hundred and fifty acres of land being situate 
on Amelia Island in said County To have and To hold to her 
as aforesaid Item I give devise and bequeath to my grand- 
son Horace Vaughan three lots of land situate in the Town 
of Fernandina according to the survey of said Town on said 
Amelia Island in said State and County Item I give devise 
and bequeath to my said daughter Jane Pharaba Cooper 
Three hundred and fifty acres of land being situate in Nassau 
County aforesaid in said State commencing at the North line 
and running direct south being lying and situate on the North 
Branch of Nassau river Item I give devise and bequeath to 
my said son William Vaughan Three hundred and fifty acres 
of land being a portion of same tract a part of which tract 
of which I devised as above to my daughter Jane Pharaba 
Cooper said portion so devised to my said son William to 
commence at the south line of said tract and to run North 
Item I give devise and bequeath to my Two granddaughters 
May and Jane the daughters of my son William Vaughan 
aforesaid Seventy five acres of land each making one hun- 
dred and fifty acres between the two said land being situate 
in said tract with the land bequeathed as aforesaid to my 



The V aug han Family 63 

daughter Jane Pharaba Cooper and my son William Vaughan 
Item I give bequeath and devise to my two sons Daniel and 
William Vaughan and my daughter Jane Pharaba Cooper 
equally my present residence known as Mount Hope with the 
condition that the same containing two hundred acres of land 
shall be appraised and if either of said three heirs shall de- 
sire to reside at said place and shall well and truly pay to 
the other two named heirs their respective proportions of 
said appraisement then the said place to become the prop- 
erty of such an one so paying Item I will that all my 
horses cattle plantation tools and utensils and all other per- 
sonal property that I own shall be appraised and the nett 
proceeds thereof be equally distributed between my sons and 
daughters aforesaid Item I give bequeath and devise to 
Charles P. Cooper the sum of One hundred Dollars for the 
professional services rendered which I do of my own free will 
and accord. Item I will that if William Russell of said 
State and County shall or will pay or cause to be paid the 
remainder at balance on a certain mortgage held by me upon 
a female slave named Patty and her children together with 
simple interest on the same within the time prescribed by 
law to close estates then the bill of sale I have to said prop- 
erty be cancelled and said property to be delivered up to him 
Lastly I do nominate and appoint James G. Cooper of Nas- 
sau County State of Fla and Charles P. Cooper of Duval 
County and State aforesaid to be the executors of this my 
last will and testament 

In testimony Whereof I the said John Daniel Vaughan 
have to this my last will and testament contained on this 
shingle sheet of paper and opon the four pages thereof in- 
scribed my name and affixed my seal this 18th day of April 
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight and forty nine 

JOHN D. VAUGHAN (Seal) 

Signed Sealed and published by the said John Daniel 
Vaughan as and for his last will and testament in presence 



64 The Beville Family 

of us who at his request and in his presence and in the pres- 
ence of each other have subscribed our names as Witnesses 
hereto 

Charles M. Cooper 

Michael Hearn Jr 

Isadore V. Gamie 

State of Florida 
County of Nassau 

Personally appeared Isadore V. Gamie who being duly 
sworn deposeth and sayeth that he was present and saw the 
testator John D. Vaughan sign seal publish and declare the 
foregoing instrument of writing as and for his last will and 
testament that at the time of the signing the same Testator 
was of sound mind and memory. 

That deponent and Charles M. Cooper and Michael Hearn 
Jr at the Request of testator and in his presence and in pres- 
ence of each other subscribe their names as Witnesses thereto. 

Sworn to and subscribed in Isadore V. Gamie. 

my presence this 21st day of 
May 1860 

Geo Stewart 
Judge of Probate Nassau County 

State of Florida 
County of Nassau 

I Geo Stewart Judge of Probate for the County and State 
above written do hereby certify that the above and forego- 
ing is a full true and correct copy of the last will and testa- 
ment of John D. Vaughan as on file and record in this office. 
In witness Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and af- 
fixed the seal of the Probate Court this 30th day of May 
A. D. 1860. 

Geo Stewart (Seal) 
Judge &c 



The Vaughan Family 65 

It is to be observed in John D. Vaughan's will that no 
names of slaves were given, the reason being that the large 
number of them owned by him made it well-nigh impossible 
to mention them individually. 

Daniel Vaughan, son of John D. and Rhoda Effingham 
Vaughan, was born on his maternal grandfather's plantation 
in Georgia in 1800, and married, first, Elizabeth Harrison, 
daughter of Captain Samuel Harrison of Amelia Island, and 
sister of Colonel Robert Harrison, one of the most affluent 
and best known of the Sea Island planters. His wife died 
very soon, leaving no children, and he married secondly, 
about 1825, Eliza Chisholm Pelot Harrison, born in 1805 on 
her father's estate "The Meadows", about seven miles 
north of Darien, Mcintosh County, Georgia, daughter of 
Horace Jesse Harrison and his wife Mary Martha Pelot 
(whose mother was Elizabeth Chisholm ). Daniel Vaughan 
inherited part of his father's plantation on Amelia Island, 
which he managed progressively for several years before his 
father's death. This plantation was one of three or four 
into which the whole of Amelia Island was divided, its extent 
being easily imagined when it is known that Daniel Vaughan 
and his father together owned about five hundred slaves. 
On this plantation he spent his life, his death being occa- 
sioned by a steamboat explosion near St. Simon's Island, off 
the coast of Georgia, in 1856. He was buried in the Vaugh- 
an burying ground on the plantation. His wife, Eliza C. 
Pelot Harrison, died some time before 1875. 

The children of Daniel and Eliza Chisholm Pelot (Harrison) 
Vaughan were five: Mary A. Chisholm, born in 1827, mar- 
ried to her cousin Charles Pelot, a lawyer; Elizabeth S., 
born in 1829, married to Dr. Sullivan, of Greenville, South 



66 The Beville Family 

Carolina; Horace Daniel, born in 1831, married a Spanish 
lady, Manuella Noberta, and was killed in the Civil War; 
Susan Jane, born in 1833, married to Colonel Thaddeus A. 
MacDonnell, "a brilliant attorney and a true type of the 
Southern gentleman," who was born on Amelia Island, 
7 February, 1831, and in the Civil War a brave officer, 
was appointed on Jefferson Davis's special staff ; John 
James, born in 1838, married, first, Mary Lavisy Beville; 
Franklin Decatur, born in 1838, died unmarried, in the Con- 
federate service in the Civil War. Of these children; Hor- 
ace Daniel Vaughan by his wife Manuella Noberta had 
children: Horace Glanville, died unmarried; Mary Elizabeth, 
married to Warren Scott, and had among her children, Rilla 
Scott, married to Sydney Pons, and who had three sons; Flor- 
ence Marcella, married to Adolphus Cavado; Daniel Francis, 
now living in Greenville, South Carolina; and Ella Virginia, 
died in infancy. Susan Jane Vaughan, to her husband Colonel 
Thaddeus A. MacDonnell bore children: Braxton Bragg 
MacDonnell; Donald MacDonnell; and Sydney Johnston Mac- 
Donnell. 

John James Vaughan, son of Daniel and Eliza Pelot 
Harrison Vaughan, born 18 September, 1835, married 
first in November, 1858, Mary Lavisy Beville, born as we 
have shown in our account of the Beville family, on her 
father's plantation in Effingham County, Georgia, fourteenth 
January 1841. Two high-spirited young people, both reared 
luxuriously and the idols of their parents, their married life 
through unfortunate temperamental differences early came 
to an end, Mrs. Vaughan returning to her father's planta- 
tion, where her daughter Agnes Beville was born, and re- 
suming her maiden name. Some years after the law had 




leinej ([Affile nee ^JJeiille _ Jerlca.itte 
4t*w( her 'li-nndcntla 
^ T«nf</ ^yJei'tltr (( i/lrth 



The Vaughan Family 67 

separated Mr. and Mrs. Vaughan, both married again. John 
James Vaughan died in Florida in November, 1914. In the 
Civil War he and his two brothers enlisted in the First 
Florida Regiment for service during the war. His two 
brothers were killed in battle, but he, though wounded nine 
times, survived. Among other battles he took part in the 
battles of Shiloh and Missionary Ridge. From the Civil 
War he went to Cuba and served in the ten years rebellion 
there. Then he retired to his island home. 

On the twenty-second of November, 1882, Agnes Beville 
Vaughan, was married at Gainesville, Alachua County, Flor- 
ida, the town of which her grandfather Beville was one of 
the founders and most distinguished citizens, to Arthur White 
Tedcastle, who was born in London on Christmas Day, 1855. 
His father was William Porteous Tedcastle, who when he 
came of age took the royal road to London, and entered the 
office of the Lloyds. Late in the fifties, however, he came 
to New York, where he took a position with a friend, of 
equal importance with the one he had filled in London, and 
this he held until January, 1866, when he suddenly died. 
William Tedcastle's wife was Julia Riddiough Nuttall, born 
23 December, 1827, daughter of Peter Austin Nuttall, one 
of the most learned Englishmen of his time, whose name 
through his eminent Pronouncing Dictionary of the English 
Language and many other philological, classical, and arch- 
aeological studies, is one of the best known and most highly 
venerated in the world of English scholarship. To be the 
grandson of so eminent a scholar as Mr. Nuttall is unques- 
tionably no small distinction. This gentleman, who, as 
became a great scholar, was one of the most modest of men, 
was a graduate of Oxford and a doctor of laws of that an- 



68 The Beville Family 

cient university. He was for years part owner and editor 
of the Gentleman's Magazine, and at one time was asked to 
take the editorship of Punch. Had he done this he would 
probably have much advanced his fortune, but his answer 
to the request that he assume the leadership of Punch was 
that the publication was " too frivolous " for him to connect 
himself with. He died at his home in London some time 
during the American Civil War, passing quietly away at his 
desk in the act of writing some scholarly article, probably 
for publication. His most widely known work is his Pro- 
nouncing Dictionary of the English Language, but he was also 
the author of A Classical and Archaeological Dictionary of the 
Manners, Customs, Laws, Institutions, Arts, etc., of the Cele- 
brated Nations of Antiquity and of the Middle Ages ; a Dic- 
tionary of Scientific Terms ; translator of Juvenal's Satires, 
the Works of Horace, etc. ; editor of Ftdler's Worthies of 
England; and author and compiler of numerous valuable edu- 
cational works, some of which like his translations are in 
use by scholars at the University of Oxford at the present 
time. 

Of Dr. Nuttall's daughter, Julia, the wife of William Ted- 
castle and mother of Arthur Tedcastle, a word also ought to 
be said. This lady inherited much of her father's scholarly 
tastes and no little of his ability. She lived, unfortunately, 
at a time when scholarship was not expected in women but 
was rather frowned on as unfeminine, and her training under 
an English governess was distinctly along the conventional 
lines that are so well depicted by Miss Jane Austen in her 
inimitable stories. Julia Nuttall, however, in spite of the 
entreaties and frowns of both her mother and her governess, 
insisted on being her father's amanuensis, and the result of 




Granted i/ca/~ 1590 
4X44*1 Olizalct/i : M cm/ hid U'ifc 



The Vaughan Family 69 

her work in his study and with him was that she contrib- 
uted herself not a few articles of interest, which she always 
signed merely with her initials " J. R.", to the Gentleman's 
Magazine. When she married and came to America her 
literary work necessarily ceased, for her family was large 
and the care of them demanded her whole attention. 

She died in England, at the home of her only daughter, 
Florence, Mrs. Edward Tindall, at Bidborough, near Tun- 
bridge Wells, in Kent, in December, 1915. William and 
Julia Tedcastle had eight children, seven sons and one 
daughter, all of whom except three died young. The fifth 
of these children is the husband of the author of this 
book. 



THE VAUGHAN DESCENDANTS 



Henry 1 Vaughan, Sr. — Elizabeth 



Henry 2 Vaughan, Jr. = Mary Humphrey 

John 3 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 4 Vaughan = Eliza. C. Pelot Harrison 

John James 5 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 

Agnes Beville 6 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



Henry 1 Vaughan, Sr. = Elizabeth 

Henry 2 Vaughan, Jr. = Mary Humphrey 

John 3 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 4 Vaughan — Eliza C. Pelot Harrison 

Horace Daniel 8 Vaughan = Manuella Noberta 

Mary Elizabeth 6 Vaughan = Warren Scott 

Aurilla 7 Scott = Sydney Pons 

Sydney Scott 8 Pons 

Aubray Canora 8 Pons 

John Daniel Horace 8 Pons 



Henry 1 Vaughan, Sr. = Elizabeth 

Henry 2 Vaughan, Jr. = Mary Humphrey 

John 3 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 4 Vaughan = Eliza C. Pelot Harrison 

Susan Jane 5 Vaughan = Col. Thaddeus A. MacDonnell 

Braxton Bragg 6 MacDonnell 
Donald 6 MacDonnell 

Sy t dney Johnston 6 MacDonneli, 



Henry 1 Vaughan, Sr. = Elizabeth 

Henry' 2 Vaughan, Jr. = Mary Humphrey 

John 3 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Pharaba 4 Vaughan = Gen. James Gignilliat Cooper. 

Charles 5 Cooper 

Mary 5 Cooper 

James Gignilliat 5 Cooper 



THE HARRISON FAMILY 



"It is indeed a desirable thing to be well descended, but the 
glory belongs to our ancestors." 

Plutarch. 



CHAPTER IV 



THE HARRISON FAMILY 

' I 'HE first member of the Harrison family of Virginia to 
appear in South Carolina was Thomas Harrison, who 
was ordained to the office of deacon of the Baptist Church 
at Euhaw, near Beaufort, by the Rev. Oliver Hart, A. M., 
pastor of the Baptist Church at Charleston, on the eleventh 
of January, 1752. Although it is impossible at present, 
owing to the destruction of both public and private records 
by fire and by the devastation of war, to produce legal 
proof of the fact, we have strong reason to believe that 
Thomas Harrison was not descended from the Harrisons of 
Wakefield, Virginia, from whom descend the Harrisons of 
Berkeley and Brandon on the James River. Like others 
of our ancestors he was a Sea Island planter, 9 on a large 
scale, of rice, indigo, and cotton, owning a considerable 
number of slaves and exerting the widest influence in the 
part of the South where his plantation was situated. It is 
known from collateral wills that his second wife was a Han- 
nah Sealy, a sister of the first wife of the Rev. Francis Pelot, 
and cousin of the second wife of the Rev. Oliver Hart. His 

first wife was Mary . 

(77) 



78 The Beville Family 

Of the full number of his family, we are not sure, but he 
had a son William, who married Miss Gignilliat, of the 
distinguished family of this name of South Carolina and 
later of Georgia. A son of William and his wife was Horace 
Jesse Harrison, a gentleman noted for his noble bearing, his 
strictly upright and honourable dealings with men of all 
grades, his wisdom and justice in the management of his 
slaves, his brilliant conversational gifts, and what is espe- 
cially remembered of him by his own descendants and the de- 
scendants of contemporaries, his remarkable genius for friend- 
ship. Mr. Harrison was a Colonel of the militia of Darien, 
and served under General Francis Hopkins, his intimate 
friend and neighbor, in the war of 1812. His wife was 
Mary Martha Pelot, daughter of James Pelot and his 
wife Elizabeth Chisholm, and granddaughter of the Rev. 
Francis Pelot and his first wife, Martha Sealy. She was a 
woman of marked intelligence, great beauty, and truly 
queenly bearing. Mr. and Mrs. Harrison lived on their 
plantation " The Meadows," about six miles from Darien, 
and there reared a large family of three sons and six daugh- 
ters. Of these children, a daughter, Caroline, shortly before 
engaged to a Mr. Merrill of Georgia and South Carolina, 
and two young sons, Samuel and Benjamin, were drowned 
at " The Meadows " in September, 1824, in the worst hurri- 
cane and tidal storm with which the southern coast of the 
United States was ever visited. It is interesting to note 
that the ancient records of the Presbyterian Church in 
Darien show that the five remaining daughters, with their 
grandfather William Harrison (their father having died in 
1816 from an injury received in the war of 1812), united 
with the church in 1823. 



The Harrison Family 79 

These Harrison sisters were celebrated for their distin- 
guished bearing, beauty, and wit. They were all married 
to men of marked ability and notable lineage, several of 
whom were at once lawyers and large planters. Our grand- 
mother, Eliza Chisholm Pelot Harrison, the eldest, was mar- 
ried to Daniel Vaughan, eldest son of the young Massachu- 
setts Lieutenant who settled on Amelia Island, Florida, on 
his Spanish grant, late in the eighteenth century. The 
second, Sarah Gignilliat, was married first to Isaac Snow of 
Rhode Island, who was the father of her twelve children, 
secondly to the distinguished Major Blue of Georgia, grand- 
father of the Hulls of Savannah, thirdly to Colonel A. A. 
Gaulding, an able lawyer and editor of Atlanta. The 
fourth daughter, Mary Amanda, was married to Henry 
Young of Savannah ; the fifth, Susan Marion, was the wife 
of Tudor Tucker Hall of South Carolina ; the sixth, Jane, 
was married to the Rev. Dr. Dodd, a scholarly Presbyterian 
clergyman of Augusta. Dr. Dodd was directly succeeded 
in the pastorate of the First Presbyterian Church of Au- 
gusta by the Rev. Dr. Joseph Ruggles Wilson, father of the 
Hon. Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States. 
When Dr. Dodd and his talented wife removed from Au- 
gusta they went to Roswell, Georgia, where Dr. Dodd 
became principal of the noted Roswell Academy, at which 
Institution many of the young sons and daughters of the 
aristocratic planters of the South were educated. Among 
his first pupils there was Martha Bullock, who afterward 
became the mother of Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt. 

The one son of Horace Jesse Harrison who lived to man- 
hood was Horace Nephew Harrison, a Lieutenant in the 
United States Navy. He married Rebecca Somerville of 



80 The Beville Family 

Baltimore and Washington and had two sons, who died in 
boyhood on Sapelo Island, Georgia, and four daughters, 
one of whom became the wife of Edward Codrington Car- 
rington, an able lawyer of Baltimore. The Carringtons had 
with other children two sons, Edward C. Carrington, Jr., 
and Campbell Carrington, lawyers of Baltimore and New 
York. Lieutenant Horace Nephew Harrison's other daugh- 
ters were Mary Rebecca, who was married to Major W. F. 
Johnson ; Camilla, who died young, and Marion Amanda, 
who was married to Captain Addison Barrett. The sons 
who died young were Randolph and Henry. 

Admiral James Harrison Oliver, of the United States 
Navy, whom President Wilson has appointed the first Gov- 
ernor of " The Virgin Islands," formerly known as the Danish 
West Indies, is of this Harrison family of Georgia. Benja- 
min Harrison, a great-grandfather of Admiral Oliver, was 
a member of the Convention which revised the Constitution 
of the State of Georgia at the end of the eighteenth century. 
Benjamin married Charity Williams (died 1854), and had 
James, Dorcas, Charlotte, and perhaps others. Of these, 
Dorcas (born 29 October, 1802, died 18 September, 1830) 
married William Oliver (born 10 December 1798, died 1836) 
and had, among others, Thaddeus Oliver, who married Sarah 
P. Lawson and had James Harrison and other children. 
James Harrison Oliver married, in 1882, Marion, daughter of 
Robert Carter, Esqr., of the famous family of that name of 
Northern Virginia, and whose fine estate " Shirley," on the 
James River, is still occupied by the family. 

Despite the traditions of several generations of descend- 
ants and the sincere belief of many worthy persons now 
living that these Harrisons of South Carolina and Georgia 




Uiu/tetl Cjia>tes Jytwu 



The Harrison Family 81 

belonged to the James River family, the author is convinced 
after several years' research among Probate Court Records 
and land transactions, that Thomas Harrison, of South 
Carolina, descended from the " Harrisons of Northern Vir- 
ginia." 

Mr. William G. Stanard, the distinguished historian and 
genealogist of Virginia, says, " Probably no Virginia family 
of equal note has had so little systematic genealogical work 
done in regard to its history as that of Harrison, which, first 
settling in Stafford, extended to Prince William, Fauquier, 
Loudoun and other counties, and which for purposes of dis- 
tinction may be called Harrison of Northern Virginia .... 
the subject is full of difficulty, owing chiefly to the destruc- 
tion of so large a part of the records of Stafford and Prince 
William Counties, during the Civil War." 10 The distinguished 
family of " Harrison of Northern Virginia " was founded by 
Cuthbert 1 Harrison, who in 1637 was resident in the parish of 
St. Margarets, Westminster, London. The parish register of 
St. Margarets shows that Burr, son of Cuthbert Harrison, 
was baptized 3 January, 1637, that Cuthbert, son of Cuth- 
bert, was baptized 11 January, 1607, and that Alexander, 
son of Cuthbert and Susan Harrison, was baptized in 1644. 
Cuthbert's eldest son Burr 2 Harrison, emigrated to Virginia 
and settled in Stafford County, where we find him a Justice 
in 1698. He died intestate in 1706. He married in Virginia 
the widow of Edward Smith. She bore him a son Thomas 3 , 
(born 7 September, 1665) who died 13 August, 1746. He 
had children : William 4 ; Burr 4 ; Thomas 4 ; and Cuthbert . 
July 10th, 1700, Thomas 3 (Burr 2 ), of " Chappawamsie," is 
included among the civil and military officers of Stafford 
County. William 4 (Thomas 3 , Burr 2 , Cuthbert 1 ) with his 



82 The Beville Family 

father and others obtained a grant of land in Stafford 
County in 1706. Mr. Stanard says : " He was appointed a 
justice of Prince William County in 1731 and was vestryman 
of Overwharton Parish, Stafford, in 1746. The index to the 
lost Stafford deed book 1729-1748 refers to the inventory of 
the estate of William Harrison, deceased, so he probably died 
in Stafford between 1746 and 1748." William 4 Harrison 
(Thomas 3 ) married Sarah Haw ley and had issue : William 5 
who died in 1750; and Thomas 5 , who was beyond reasonable 
doubt the deacon at Euhaw, South Carolina, in 1752, and 
whose will of date May 3rd, 1755, is recorded in Charleston, 
South Carolina. 

Thomas Harrison (Thomas 3 ) born — , died in December, 
1773, was appointed a justice of Prince William in 1731, and 
was sheriff of that county in 1733. From 1742 to 1769 he 
was Burgess for Prince William County, but when Fauquier 
County was set off from Prince William, he became a resi- 
dent of Fauquier. His wife was Ann, and they had children : 
William 5 ; Thomas 5 ; Burr 5 ; Susannah 5 ; Mary 5 ; Ann 5 ; Ben- 
jamin 5 . Of these children, Burr 5 , (Thomas 4 , Thomas 3 , Burr 2 , 
Cuthbert 1 ), removed to South Carolina soon after the Revo- 
lution, following the example of his first cousin, Thomas 5 
(William 4 , Thomas 3 , Burr 2 , Cuthbert 1 ) who had become a 
citizen of that Province some years earlier. Burr' (Thomas 4 ) 
born 1738 in Virginia, died in Chester District, South Carol- 
ina, in 1822, having gone there after serving under General 
LaFayette in the war of the Revolution. He married, in 
South Carolina, Elizabeth Dargan, of Sumpter District, South 
Carolina. Burr 5 and Elizabeth (Dargan) Harrison had chil- 
dren: 1. Benjamin, married Nancy Hart, and lived in Col- 
umbia, South Carolina; 2. Mary, married Benjamin May; 3. 



The Harrison Family 83 

Jonathan, married Sally Tyler ; 4. Kate married Samuel 
Johnson; 5. Elizabeth died unmarried; 6. Rebecca married 
Nathaniel Cocknell ; 7. Susan married William Head; 8. 
Sophy, married Christopher Thompson ; 9. Dorean married 
(1st) James Runnell and (2) Hartwell Macon ; 10. Narcissa 
married James Ragsdale; 11. Mordecai married Susan Alston; 
12. Anne married Mr. McLelland, of Charleston, South 
Carolina. 

The will of Thomas 5 Harrison (William 4 ), planter of old 
Granville County, and deacon of the church at Euhaw, men- 
tions his children, Henry, William, Thomas, John, Mikell 
and Francis. It was his son, William, who married Miss 
Gignilliat, and went, with many others, from Beaufort Dis- 
trict, South Carolina, to Darien, Georgia, soon after the close of 
the Revolution. That the colonist ancestor, Burr Harrison, 
was a man of means, is shown by the large acreage taken up 
in his name, and that he was of gentle birth, the arms of 
Harrison he brought with him to this country is guarantee. 
From generation to generation his descendants have married 
with the best. They are now scattered throughout the 
Union, and we find them, as in the past, filling honorable 
positions, civil and military. 

Bishop Meade, in his noble book, " Old Churches, Minis- 
ters and Families of Virginia," describing life in the Old 
Dominion, says : " There were galleries in the church at 
Broad Run, one of which was allowed to be put up by Mr. 
Thomas Harrison, provided it was done so as not to incom- 
mode any of the pews below it. The others were put up by 
the vestry and sold. The pews below were all common, 
though doubtless taken possession of by different families, 
as is usual in England. The old English custom (beginning 



84 The Beville Family 

with the Royal family in St. George's Church at Windsor) 
of appropriating the galleries to the rich and noble was soon 
followed in Virginia, and the old aristocratic families could 
with difficulty be brought down from their high lofts in the 
old churches, even after they became uncomfortable and 
almost dangerous." 11 

Bishop Meade further says: " We enter now on that most 
interesting portion of Virginia called the Northern Neck, 
which, beginning on the Chesapeake Bay, lies between the 
Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers, and crossing the Blue 
Ridge, or passing through it, with the Potomac, at Harper's 
Ferry, extends with that river to the heads thereof in the 
Alleghany Mountains, and thence by a straight line crosses 
the North Mountain and Blue Ridge, at the head-waters of 
the Rappahannock. By common consent this is admitted 
to be the most fertile part of Virginia, and to abound in 
many advantages, whether we consider the rich supply of 
fish and oysters in the rivers and creeks of the tide-water 
portion of it and the rapid growth of its forests and improv- 
able character of its soil, or the fertility of the lands of the 
valley, so much of which is evidently alluvial. 

"There were settlements at any early period on the rich 
banks of the Potomac and Rappahannock by families of 
note, who took possession of those seats which originally be- 
longed to warlike tribes of Indians, which latter were forced 
to give way to the superior prowess of the former." Among 
the notable families of Northern Virginia were those of Carter, 
Cary, Culpepper, Custis, Fairfax, Harrison, Lee, Tayloe and 
Washington. 

There comes to our mind the gentle admonition of Bishop 
Meade: "Show your estimate of a respectable ancestry by 



The Harrison Family 85 

faithfully copying their excellencies. ' Say not that you have 
Abraham for your father/ said our Lord, ' for God is able to 
raise up children unto Abraham, out of the stones of the 
earth.' He bids them to do the works of Abraham in order 
to receive his favour. Your ancestry may, and will be, only 
a shame to you, except you copy what is worthy of imitation 
in their character and conduct." 



THE HARRISON DESCENDANTS 



Thomas 1 Harrison = Mary 



William 2 Harrison = Gignilliat 

Horace Jesse 8 Harrison = Mart Martha Pelot 
Eliza Chisholm Pelot 4 Harrison = Daniel Vaughan 
Sarah Gignilliat 4 Harrison = (I) Isaac Snow 

(2) Major Blue 

(3) Col. A. A. Gaulding 
Caroline 4 Harrison 

Mary Amanda 4 Harrison = Henry Young 
Horace Nephew 4 Harrison = Rebecca Somerville 
Susan Marion 4 Harrison = Tudor Tucker Hall 
Samuel 4 Harrison (twin to Jane) 
Jane Evylyn 4 Harrison = Rev. Dr. Dodd 
Benjamin 4 Harrison 



Thomas 1 Harrison = Mary 

William 2 Harrison = Gionilliat 

Horace Jesse 8 Harrison = Mary Martha Pelot 
Eliza Chisholm Pelot 4 Harrison = Daniel Vaughan 
John James 6 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 
Agnes Beville 8 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



Thomas 1 Harrison = Mary 



William 2 Harrison = Gignilliat 

Horace Jesse 3 Harrison = Mary Martha Pelot 
Sarah Gignilliat 4 Harrison = Isaac Snow 

Mary Alice 5 Snow = Hickman 

Leila Alice 6 Hickman = Kennerly 

Eva Harrison 6 Hickman = Collins 



Thomas 1 Harrison = Mary 



William 2 Harrison = Gignilliat 

Horace Jesse 3 Harrison = Mary Martha Pelot 

Sarah Gignilliat 4 Harrison = Isaac Snow 

Janie Harrison 5 Snow — John Campbell McMillan 

Lula 6 McMillan (Mrs. J. S. Holliday) 

Jesse Ora 6 McMillan (deceased) 

Harry C. 6 McMillan (deceased) 

William Vernon 6 McMillan 

John C. 6 McMillan 

Lillian May 6 McMillan (deceased) 

Archie Harrison 6 McMillan (deceased) 

Jennie Alice 6 McMillan 

Nannie 6 McMillan (Mrs. F. Woodrow Coleman) 

Robert K. 6 McMillan 

Bessie 6 McMillan (Mrs. J. A. Krouse) 



THE PELOT FAMILY 



" People who take no pride in the noble achievements of remote 

ancestors will never achieve anything worthy to be remembered with 

pride by remote descendants." 

Macaulay. 



"I see that sensible men and conscientious men all over the world 

Emerson. 



were of one religion." 



CHAPTER V 



THE PELOT FAMILY 

' I 'HE Pelot family of South Carolina, Georgia, and Flor- 
■*■ ida, which Dr. J. G. B. Bulloch of Washington, D. C, 
in the Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina 
classes as among the families which made that state illus- 
trious, was founded in America by the Rev. Francis Pelot, 
A. M., 13 who was born at Norville, Stuttgart, Switzerland, 
11 March, 1720. His ancestors were people of political and 
financial consequence in Switzerland, and " he derived from 
them," as the Rev. Oliver Hart, the distinguished Baptist 
clergyman of Charleston says, 14 "the right of Burghership 
in his native town." 

The year of his coming to America is said to have been 
1734, and the Rev. Morgan Edwards, the founder of Brown 
University, Providence, Rhode Island, says that in 1772, he 
was the owner of three islands and 3,785 acres of land on 
the mainland of South Carolina, besides a large number of 
slaves, and "stock in abundance." Although bred a Pres- 
byterian, in 1744 he adopted the Baptist faith, and two 
years later, a plantation owner and a layman, he assumed 
the ministry of the Euhaw Church, on Indian Land. This 
church, which had had its beginning in 1683, had remained 
a dependency of the First Baptist Church of Charleston for 
sixty years, but had now been constituted a separate church. 

(93) 



94 The Beville Family 

By 1752, Mr. Pelot had determined to enter the ministry as 
an ordained preacher, and on the thirteenth of January of 
that year he was ordained at Euhaw, and became the set- 
tled pastor of the church. In this capacity he remained, a 
notable figure in that part of South Carolina, and one of the 
most influential persons in the councils of the Baptist denom- 
ination, until his death in 1774. In the manuscript diary 
of the Rev. Oliver Hart, of Charleston, we find the follow- 
ing : " On Saturday, January 11, 1752, Mr. Stephens and 
Oliver Hart ordained Mr. Thomas Harrison to the office of 
deacon. January 13th we ordained Mr. Francis Pelot min- 
ister, Mr. Benjamin Parmenter ruling elder, and Archibald 
Harting deacon, all in ye church at Euhaw." 

The American Church History Series (Vol. 2, on the Bap- 
tists, by Newman) says : " In February, 1752, Francis Pelot 
became pastor of the Euhaw Church, which he long served 
with ability and devotion. Born in Switzerland (1720) and 
brought up in the Reformed Church, he became a Baptist 
about 1744, ten years after his arrival in South Carolina. 
He was a man of means, being possessed of ' three islands 
and about 3,785 acres on the continent, with slaves and 
stock in abundance.' This notice furnished by Morgan 
Edwards is worthy of being quoted on account of the rarity 
of such phenomena up to this time. He was the first in a 
long line of wealthy Baptist ministers, who administered 
their large estates in the fear of God and proved a blessing 
to the cause. From this time forward he stood shoulder to 
shoulder with Hart in his aggressive efforts in behalf of edu- 
cation and evangelization. The churches of the Charleston 
Association were from the beginning among the most liberal 
supporters of Rhode Island College. . . . The needs of the 



The Pelot Family 95 

college were considered and Gano, Hart, and Pelot were re- 
quested to address Baptist Associations throughout America 
in favor of a plan of contribution for its support." 

" In 1767," says Benedict's History of the Baptists, quot- 
ing from an older authority, Wood Furman's History of the 
Charleston Association, " the [Charleston] Association having 
previously called the serious attention of the churches to the 
subject, formally adopted the Confession of Faith published 
by the London Assembly of 1689. . . . Messrs. Hart and 
Pelot were appointed to draw up a system of discipline 
agreeable to Scripture to be used by the churches. This 
they brought forward in 1772, and Rev. Morgan Edwards 
and Mr. David Williams were requested to assist the com- 
pilers in revising it. In 1773, it was examined by the Asso- 
ciation and was adopted." Benedict also says : "Mr. Pelot 
was a very distinguished man in his day amongst the South 
Carolina Baptists. He possessed an ample fortune and a 
valuable library, and devoted much of his time to books." 
Pelot's interest in ministerial education is shown by the re- 
corded fact that he with several others in Charleston raised 
a fund that educated among others at Rhode Island College 
two eminent ministers of Massachusetts, the Rev. Dr. Sam- 
uel Stillman of Boston, and the Rev. Dr. Hezekiah Smith 
of Haverhill. At the ordination of both these ministers Mr. 
Pelot preached the sermon. Quoting from the manuscript 
diary (kept from 1740-1780) of the Revd. Oliver Hart, who 
was for more than thirty years pastor of the First Baptist 
Church in Charleston, South Carolina — " On Friday Novem- 
ber ye 12, 1774, died my dear Friend and Brother the Revd 
Francis Pelot. A greater loss the Baptist Interest could not 
have sustained by the death of any one in the Province. His 



96 The Beville Family 

family, his Church, and the Neighbourhood, will feel a sen- 
sible and irreparable loss. And as to my own Part, I have 
lost the best Friend and counselor I ever was blest with in 
the world; the most intimate friendship had subsisted betwixt 
us for about four and twenty years. In all which Time I 
ever found him a faithful Friend, and qualified to give advice 
in the most critical cases. This worthy man was born March 
11th, 1720, of a reputable family, in the town called Neuvavill, 
in Switzerland (to which town he had an ancient right of Bur- 
gership) and came over to America (with his Father, Mother, 
Sister and Brother) Oct. 28, 1734. They settled in Purys- 
burg, South Carolina, where his mother died about two years 
after their Arrival, and his Father died May 24, 1754. His 
brother set off from Purysburg, for the Ewhaw, on Saturday 
Jany: 6th; 1749-50, but being overtaken with excessive bad 
weather lost his way, and (tho' sought for) was not heard 
of, for many months; when his Bones, and horses bones, with 
some Rags of Clothes and Things he had with him were 
found, back of a place called Oakatees. The Loss of his 
only Brother in such a manner must have been a great 
affliction, to him, as well as their Father, Sister and other 
friends. 

" By his industry, Mr. Pelot had procured a fine interest: 
which he left free from incumbrance, between his Widow and 
Children, in the most equitable manner. 

" To delineate a finished picture of this Worthy man's Char- 
acter would require much nicer touches than my pencil is 
capable of, therefore I shall not attempt it. 

" I have already observed that he was blest with good nat- 
ural Parts, and a pretty good Education, whereby a Foun- 
dation was laid for the great Improvements he made, by 



The Pelot Family 97 

Reading Study and Conversation. He had much Vivacity 
of Temper, a great Flow of Spirits; which being regulated 
by a principle of Grace, rendered him a facetious and agree- 
able Companion. His conversation was not only pleasing 
but profitable; as he had a fine Turn for introducing Reli- 
gion, and spiritualizing most Occurrences in Life. The 
French was his native language which he pronounced ac- 
curately and spake fluently, as long as he lived. As to his 
Preaching, he did not content with delivering a little dry 
Morality, but unfolded and applied the great and glorious 
Doctrines of the Gospel. His Principles were truly evan- 
gelical, and his knowledge of Truth was extensive, clear 
and judicious. He knew how rightly to divide the Word 
of Truth, and to give the Saint and Sinner their proper 
Portion. He would search the Hypocrite, and wrest his 
false props out of his hands. In the choice of his subjects, 
he often seem'd to give his Fancy Scope; for he would fre- 
quently go upon Texts, which his Hearers could hardly 
devise how he could manage them to Advantage; but when 
he had smote the Rock, the Waters would gush out. Upon 
the whole, he was a Workman who needed not to be 
ashamed, for he rightly divided the word of Truth. 

" In his family he was a bright Example of true Piety. 
The morning and evening Sacrifices of Prayer and Praise 
were constantly offered up to the God of our Lives and 
mercies. He not only endeavored to train up his Children 
in the Paths of Virtue and Religion. But he also took 
much Pains with his Servants, to teach them the fear of 
God, and the Way to Eternal Happiness. I wish I could 
say that in these things his success had been equal to his 
Endeavours. 



98 The Beville Family 

"He was a good Casuist; knew how to solve doubts, and 
clear up difficult Cases of Conscience, and to say no more; 
He was the sincere, open, constant and hearty Friend; 
could keep a secret, and, in short, few Men were ever better 
qualified for Friendship than He." 

Will of Francis Pelot 
South Carolina 

In the name of God, Amen. I, Francis Pelot of St. 
Helena Parish, Granville County in the Province aforesaid 
Clerk, being sensible of the frailty of Human Nature, do, 
while through the goodness of God, I am in health, and have 
the full exercise of my understanding and memory, make and 
Constitute this my last Will and Testament requiring it may 
be received by all as such. Imprimis. I do most humbly 
bequeath my soul to God thro' the all sufficient Righteous- 
ness of my Exalted and most precious Redeemer Jesus Christ, 
who only Can present me to the heavenly Father without 
spot or blemish, and am daily endeavoring that when my 
body is Called to the Grave, it may be in the Comfortable 
Hope and full assurance of the Resurrection unto eternal 
life. 

Item. I do require that my Funeral Charges (which 
must be very moderate) and all my lawful debts be faith- 
fully paid by my Executors hereinafter mentioned. Item. 
I give unto the Church of Christ, Baptized on a personal 
Profession of faith by Immersion holding the doctrines of 
Election, effectual Calling, Perseverance of the Saints in 
Grace &c. One acre of Land for a place of Public Worship, 
where the Ewhaw Baptist Meeting house now stands the 
Eastern line to run along the high Road, and the northern 
line to run three feet below the spot where the Vestry house 
now stands, and so to Close one Square Acre; which with 
the buildings now thereon or any that may be raised thereon 



The Pelot Family 99 

for Public Worship, School keeping, or Sheds to put Horses 
under during the time of Worship, or buildings for a Minis- 
ter and his successors of the Baptist denomination, holding 
the doctrines aforesaid, and no other purposes shall belong 
to said Church for ever; with this Proviso, nevertheless that 
if any Part of the said Acre of Land be with the knowledge 
or allowance of the said Church made use of for a burying 
place, which would spoil the useful spring of water below it, 
the said acre of Land shall be forfeited to him or her of my 
Heirs, who shall own or have sold the Land adjoining it; but 
even then the said Church shall have liberty, within Twelve 
months time to take away all the buildings that may be 
thereon at the time of the said forfeiture. Whereas Joseph 
Sealy of the above named parish and County deceased, did, 
in his Last Will & testament bearing date on or about the 
29th day of August 1760, give and bequeath the sum of one 
Thousand pounds Current money of this Province to the 
above mentioned antipedo baptist Church at Ewhaw, of 
which I was and still am the Pastor, the Interest of which 
sum is to be Yearly paid by the Trustees to the Minister of 
the said Congregation; and I, as Executor of the said Will 
and Testament, having the said sum of One Thousand 
pounds in my hands it is my Will that my Executors, as 
soon as a proper trust in behalf of the said Church Can be 
obtained, the old one being extinct, do pay the said sum of 
one thousand pounds Currency to the Trustees who shall 
be legally nominated; but then I as Executor of the said 
Will and Testament, and for the security of my own Estate, 
require that the said Trustees on receiving the said sum of 
One thousand pounds Currency, do give my Executors here- 
after named, a Security Bond both for the application of the 
said money according to the directions of the said Joseph 
Sealy by his Will, and also to return the said money to my 
Executors, if it should be Legally Claimed of my Estate by 
any Person or Persons. Item, I give and bequeath unto 
my beloved wife Catherine Pelot all the negroes she was 



100 The Beville Family 

possessed of before our marriage which shall be found in my 
possession at my Death, with all their Increase since, and 
everything else I had by her at our marriage excepting, how- 
ever the labour which I have had of the said Negroes with 
what is worn out, lost or sold. I also give her the Choice 
of one of the other Beds, her Choice of two of my Riding 
Horses, ten Cows and Calf, Six Ews and one Ram, three 
breeding sows. I give her Doct r . John Gill on the Canticles, 
a large Quarto, her Choice of twelve Octaves, twelve duo- 
decimos and twenty Pamphlets out of my Study. I also give 
to my said wife my negroe Woman named Rose with her 
Children Called Cuffee and Nancy, I also give her Young 
Nelly now Pompey's wife, and the Girl Amy, with all the 
said Rose, Nelly & Amy's future Increase, during my said 
Wife's life time, and at her death to be the Property of my 
Younger sons, Charles and Benjamin Pelot to be equally 
divided them or the Heirs of their Bodies but should either 
of them die without such Heirs before the decease of my 
said wife, then the Survivor of my said sons Charles or Ben- 
jamin to have all said Negroe Women with their increase; 
but if both should die Childless before their Mother's death, 
then the said Negroes to be divided between my wife who 
is to have one third of them to her Heirs forever, and the 
other two thirds to be divided between my three other sons 
John, James and Samuel Pelot, or the Heirs of their bodies 
and to none else. I also give to my said wife the full and 
free use of three hundred Acres of Land whereon I now live, 
that is a line parallel to the Eastern line of my six hundred 
Tract, is to be run across the middle of the Tract so as to 
inclose three hundred acres, the lower part whereon the 
Buildings now Stand, shall be for my Wife's use, during her 
Natural life and no longer, of which land she may Clear & 
Cultivate as she shall see proper, and have the intire use of 
the Houses thereon and other improvements, during her life. 
The above Legacies are given to my said Wife in lieu of all 
Dowers or other demands. Should my wife want Timber 



The Pelot Family 101 

for building, or other plantation uses fencing excepted, she 
may freely have it taken off my four hundred Acres Tract I 
lately bought of William Blake Esq r . If the above three 
hundred acres of Land should prove insufficient for my said 
Wife's Culture, she may during her Widowhood and no 
longer, Clear and Cultivate one hundred and fifty Acres of 
my Tract of seven hundred Acres and the five hundred 
acres lately granted to me the latter adjoining the former; 
but I recommend it to her not to let the land be abused, 
and that there may be no dispute about the said Hundred 
and fifty acres between my wife and sons, if they Can not 
so well agree about the spot, let two Disinterested arbitra- 
tors be Chosen by the parties, and let them measure it off 
so that if possible, there may be a proportionable quantity of 
good with bad land, and they may as little as possible inter- 
fere with each other and their arbitration shall be decisive. 
Item I give and bequeath unto my three sons John, James 
and Samuel Pelot, all my lands, except those above and 
hereafter mentioned, to be equally divided between them, 
and John Pelot to have his first Choice of the said divisions, 
James Pelot his next Choice, and Samuel Pelot the last Choice 
to them and the Hens of their bodies for ever and to no other. 
Item. I give and bequeath unto my sons Charles and Ben- 
jamin Pelot the Tract on which I now live Containing six 
hundred acres attended with the Incumbrance mentioned 
above in favour of their Mother. The Ewhaw Tract Con- 
taining three hundred acres, my three Islands and the four 
hundred acre Tract I lately bought of William Blake Esq 1- , 
this also attended with the Incumbrance, as above in favour 
of their Mother, to be equally divided, not Consider the 
quantity more than the quality as I order it shall be the 
Case with regard to the lands to be divided amongst my 
three sons, John, James & Samuel Pelot to be my said sons 
Charles & Benjamin Pelot and their lawful begotten heirs 
for ever. But should either of them die in Minority, and 
leaving no lawful Heirs of their Bodies, the whole is to be 



102 The Beville Family 

the Property of the survivor. If both should die in Minor- 
ity without lawful issue, then the said lands shall be divided 
amongst my sons John, James and Samuel Pelot, or their 
Issue according to the Rule above prescribed, except the 
three hundred Acres above given for my Wife's use, which 
shall then be her property to dispose of at her Pleasure, 
with this further exception, nevertheless, that is my said 
wife Catherine should be with Child at my death, that Child 
shall be possessed of the said Lands as its own property, and 
not to be divided amongst my sons John, James and Samuel 
Pelot as above mentioned, or should only Charles Pelot or 
Benjamin Pelot die without lawful Issue, the Child my said 
Wife Conceived before my death shall have the part of the 
deceased, and so share with the survivor of the two; but if 
that Child dies without lawful Issue, then the division is to 
be made as above directed. Item, should my said wife be 
with Child at my decease that Child shall have an equal 
share of my Personal Estate with my other Children, if a 
Girl, to be delivered to her at the age of eighteen Years; 
but if a boy at the age of twenty one Years. If that Child's 
income is not sufficient to give it a convenient Education 
and maintainance, some allowance is to be given out of my 
Estate towards it, so far as it may appear necessary; but I 
allow nothing for Gaudiness or superfluities. Item, I give 
and bequeath unto my five sons, John, James, Samuel, 
Charles and Benjamin Pelot and their heirs each an equal 
share of my Personal Estate that shall be found remaining, 
But let it be observed that what Negroes soever I have put 
or may put into the hands of any of my Children, that these 
Negroes shall be appraised, and Counted as part of my Es- 
tate, but after they are appraised, they shall become part of 
the shares of those of my Children, who had them in Pos- 
session before, and no other. Item, I give and bequeath 
unto my son in law John Grimball Jun r . a Negroe Boy 
named Dembo, who he now has in his Possession. Should 
any Disputes arise amongst any of my Heirs above men- 



The Pelot Family 103 

tioned about any part of the whole of my Estate, my Will is 
that it shall be referred to the Arbitration of three, or even 
to Twelve disinterested freeholders to be Chosen by the Con- 
tending Parties, each an equal number, whose Arbitration 
shall be valid, and not Contested by the Arbitrators, after 
due warning given to the refusing party, then the other shall 
Choose Arbitrators, and their Arbitration shall be Valid, and 
he, she or they of my said Heirs that will not stand to the 
Arbitration; but go to Law, I do hereby declare that by the 
said act of going, He, She or they that enter a Suit first & 
by any dispute, except the majority of the Arbitrators give 
it under their hands that they look upon it as absolutely 
necessary: not but any of them may take the advice of a 
Lawyer; but not except as above, to enter suits or arrest- 
ing one another about my Estate. Finaly. I do hereby 
appoint, ordain & Constitute my beloved Wife Catherine 
Pelot, my beloved son John Pelot, my beloved friends Thomas 
Rivers Jun r . & David Williams both of Charlestown Execu- 
trix and Executors of this my last Will and testament, whom 
I do hereby impower to buy, sell, and act in behalf of my 
Estate, as they (Consistant with the above directions) shall 
Judge most beneficial for my Estate, and are also hereby 
impowered to sell the Shares of my Estate Coming to my 
Minor Children, and so to put the monies at Interest with 
good securities: or if they shall think it will be best to keep 
the said shares together, they may Clear & Cultivate their 
Lands for their Negroes to work either together or apart, as 
they shall think best, only I would have no waste made of 
the lands. 

I do hereby revoke and disannul all other Wills, testa- 
ments, Donations and Legacies by me made before the date 
of these presents. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal 
this 13th day of June In the Year of our Lord One thousand 
Seven hundred and seventy-three. 

(Signed) FRA S . PELOT (L.S.) 



104 The Beville Family 

Sealed, signed and declared by Fra s . Pelot to be his last 
Will & Testament, Contained in this and the two foregoing 
Pages, in the presence of us. Note the word Quallity inter- 
lined between the 33d and 34th Lines of the second page, 
before signing. There [is] an Erasement of four words in the 
8th line of said Page. 

(Signed) John Parmenter Jun. 
Charles Bealer 
Thomas Dawson 

Be it remembered that Francis Pelot the Testator has de- 
clared to us, this to be his last Will and testament, and that 
we the subscribers, each saw him with his own hand blot out 
two words in the 24th line of this Page, as Witness our 
hands. 

Oct. 30th, 1774 
(Signed) Richard Grey 
Joseph Massey 
Robert Bramston 



State of South Carolina, ) x ' 

r( TTA „ x _ n > In the Probate Court. 

Charleston County, j 

I, George D. Bryan, Judge of the Probate Court of 
Charleston County, and State of South Carolina, do hereby 
certify the foregoing to be a true and correct copy of the last 
Will and Testament of Francis Pelot late of said County and 

State, deceased, admitted to Probate on the day of 

and of record in said Court, in Will Book dated 1774-1778, 

In Testimony Whereof, I have hereunto set my official 
signature as Judge of said Court, with the seal of said Court 
affixed, this 13th day of February, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand nine hundred and seventeen. 

[Seal] G. D. BRYAN, 

Judge of the Probate Court of 
Charleston County, South Carolina. 



The Pelot Family 105 

The Rev. Francis Pelot married, first, Martha Sealy, 
a descendant of Joseph Sealy, Esq., an English settler 
with Lord Cardross in 1683, whose first plantation was on 
Edisto Island, South Carolina, but who about forty years 
later removed to Euhaw. Martha was a daughter of John 
Sealy and his wife, Hannah. He married, secondly, Catharine, 
widow of William Screven (son of the Rev. William Screven), 
and daughter of Justinius Stoll. His children were, by his 
first wife : John; Francis, who died young; James, who mar- 
ried Elizabeth Chisholm, and died in 1824; Samuel, who 
died unmarried; and other sons who died young. By his 
second wife he had Charles, who married Susanna Postell ; 
Benjamin; and a daughter, Sarah Catharine, born soon 
after her father's death, who was married, first, to James 
Gignilliat, second, to James Nephew. Of these sons, James, 
Samuel, and Charles served with distinction in the Revolu- 
tion. Samuel was taken prisoner by a Dutch captain and 
escaped on the captain's own horse. He died a bachelor. 
Charles entered the war as a private and for acts of valor 
was promoted major. They all joined the army in South 
Carolina. These brothers and their descendants intermar- 
ried with the Chisholms (Chisolms), Coopers, De Saussures 
(Saussys), Gignilliats, Guerins, Harrisons, Kings, MacDon- 
nells, Maxwells, Nephews, Perrins, Porchers, Postells, 
Rogerses, and Vaughans. 

James Pelot, second son of the Rev. Francis Pelot and 
his first wife, Martha Sealy, was born on his father's 
plantation on Euhaw river. When the Revolution came he 
took a servant with him and went to the war. He was 
taken prisoner at Purysburg and was held until after the war 
closed, when he was released. In the United States Census 



106 The Beville Family 

taken in 1790 we find him still in South Carolina, with his 
wife, two sons over sixteen and two under, two daughters, 
and thirteen slaves. His brother, Major Charles, also ap- 
pears in this census, with his wife, one son under sixteen, one 
daughter, and seventy-one slaves. As early as 1797, James 
Pelot and his son John Francis are found on Amelia Island, 
Florida, where James had very large grants from the Span- 
ish Government. His plantation, like those of John D. 
Vaughan and the Harrisons, was one of the most notable 
plantations in the South, the principal crop it yielded being 
Sea Island cotton, from which its owner derived a princely 
income. Amelia Island had been named by the Spaniards, 
Santa Maria, but General Oglethorpe named it Amelia in 
honour of the Princess Amelia, daughter of George the Third. 
Oglethorpe describes it as "a beautiful Island, and the Sea- 
shore covered with Myrtle, Peach-Trees, Orange-Trees, and 
Vines in the Wild Woods." The vines he speaks of were 
undoubtedly the fragrant yellow jasmine, which abounds in 
the Florida woods. 

In the year 1800, James Pelot lost all his negroes by 
their escaping on board a British war-ship, and in 1812 he 
lost "all his property and negroes by Soldiers of the United 
States." In 1836 his family was reimbursed in part for 
this latter loss which was known in the family as the " Span- 
ish claim," by the payment of twenty-five thousand dollars. 

James Pelot married about 1773 or '74 Elizabeth Chis- 
holm, daughter of John Chisholm and his wife. He died in 
1824, and his wife died in 1796. Both are buried in the 
family burying-ground on their plantation. Their children 
numbered six : John Francis, planter on Amelia Island, who 
died a bachelor ; Major James, who married Susan Marion 



The Pelot Family 107 

Cooper, a collateral descendant of Anthony Ashley Cooper, 
one of the lords proprietors ; Mary Martha, who was mar- 
ried to Colonel Horace Jesse Harrison, of the distinguished 
family of that name of Virginia, South Carolina, and Geor- 
gia ; Sarah Bulia, who was born in October, 1788, and was 
married on Amelia Island to Fernando Donald MacDonnell 
(born November, 1770, died November, 1849), and died in 
October, 1867 ; Joseph Sealy, born about 1790, married 
Jane E. Maxwell, and died 16 October, 1833; and Samuel 

G., married in Liverpool, England, Rathbone. The 

eldest child of Sarah Bulia (Pelot) and her husband Fer- 
nando Donald MacDonnell, was Alexander Harrison Mac- 
Donnell, born 5 September, 1809, married Ann E. Nowlan, 
born 5 December, 1808, and had George N. MacDonnell, who 
married Margaret R. Walker, and their second child was 
Judge Alexander Harrison MacDonnell, Jr., now of Savannah, 
born 28 March, 1859, married Lillian B. Russell, and has 
had three children : Alexander Harrison MacDonnell, 3rd ; 
Henry Russell MacDonnell ; and Alan MacDonnell. Joseph 
Sealy Pelot was a notable lawyer in Savannah and an offi- 
cer and pew-holder in the historic Christ Church in that city. 
Mary Martha Pelot, daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Chisholm) Pelot, was born in South Carolina about 1786, 
and was married about 1803 to Horace Jesse Harrison, of 
Darien, Mcintosh County, Georgia, whose plantation seven 
miles from Darien was known as " The Meadows." The 
great house on this plantation was destroyed in the terrible 
hurricane of 1824. 



THE PELOT DESCENDANTS 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
James 8 Pelot = Elizabeth Chisholm 
Mary Martha 4 Pelot = Horace Jesse Harrison 
Eliza Chisholm Pelot 5 Harrison = Daniel Vaughan 
John James 6 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 
Agnes Beville 7 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot =•• 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
James 8 Pelot = Elizabeth Chisholm 
Mary Martha 4 Pelot = Horace Jesse Harrison 
Eliza Chisholm Pelot 5 Harrison = Daniel Vaughan 
Jane 8 Vaughan = Thaddeus A. MacDonnell 
Braxton Bragg 7 MacDonnell 
Donald 7 MacDonnell 
Sydney Johnstone 7 MacDonnell 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
James 8 Pelot = Elizabeth Chisholm 
Mary Martha 4 Pelot = Horace Jesse Harrison 
Eliza Chisholm Pelot 5 Harrison = Daniel Vaughan 
Horace Daniel 6 Vaughan = Manuella Noberta 
Mary Elizabeth 7 Vaughan = Warren Scott 
Aurilla 8 Scott = Sydney Pons 
Sydney Scott 9 Pons 
aubray canova 9 pons 
John Daniel Horace 9 Pons 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
James 8 Pelot = Elizabeth Chisholm 
Sarah Bulia 4 Pelot = Fernando Donald MacDonnell 
Alexander H. 5 MacDonnell, Sr. = Ann E. Nowlan 
G. N. 6 MacDonnell = Margaret R. Walker 
Alexander H. 7 MacDonnell, Jr. = Lillian B. Russell 
Alexander Harrison 8 MacDonnell, 3d 
Henry Russell 8 MacDonnell 
Alan 8 MacDonnell 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
Charles 3 Pelot = Mary Susanna Postell 
Sarah Julia 4 Pelot == Francis Yonge Porcher, M. D. 
Francis James 5 Porcher = Louisa Gilman 
Francis Yonge 6 Porcher 
Wilmot D. 6 Porcher 
Louisa G. 6 Porcher 



Jean (ok Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
Sarah Catharine 8 Pelot = (1) James Gignilliat, Jr. 
Sarah Catharine Pelot 4 Gignilliat = Edward Postel 
Clifford 6 Postel = Gadsden King 

Alexander 6 King = 

Edward Postel 7 King 
Mitchell 7 King 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
Sarah Catharine 8 Pelot = (1) James Gignilliat, Jr. 
Sarah Catharine Pelot 4 Gignilliat = Edward Postel 
Susan 5 Postel = Francis Yonge Porcher,M.D. (2d wife) 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Francis 2 Pelot = (1) Martha Sealy 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
James 8 Pelot = Elizabeth Chisholm 
John Francis 4 Pelot 
James 4 Pelot = Susan Marion Cooper 
Mary Martha 4 Pelot = Horace Jesse Harrison 
Sarah Bulia 4 Pelot = Fernando Donald MacDonnell 
Joseph Sealy 4 Pelot = Jane E. Maxwell 
Samuel 4 Pelot = Rathbone 



Jean (or Jonas) 1 Pelot = 

Rev. Frances 2 Pelot= (1) Martha Sealt 

(2) Catharine (Stoll) Screven 
S. C. (Pelot) 8 Gignilliat = (2) James Nephew (2d wife) 
Caroline Clifford 4 Nephew = Rev. Joseph C. Stiles, D. D. 
Catharine Ann 6 Stiles = Prof. H. Newton 

Josephine Clifford 6 Stiles = 

Robert Augustus 6 Stiles = Leila Caperton 

Randolph 6 Stiles = 

Mary Evelyn 6 Stiles = 



Eugene West 6 Stiles = (1) Caroline D. Anderson 

(2) Rosabel Bowley 
Rosa Anderson 6 Stiles = (1) R. H. Christian 

(2) Hon. Wm. Gaston Caperton 



THE PEARCE FAMILY 



" Glooms of the live-oaks, beautiful-braided and woven 
With intricate shades of the vines that myriad-cloven 
Clamber the forks of the multiform boughs, 
Emerald twilights, — 
Virginal sky lights, 
Wrought of the leaves to allure the whisper of vows, 
When lovers pace timidly down through the green colonades 
Of the dim sweet woods and glades, 

Of the heavenly woods and glades, 
That run to the radiant marginal sand beach within 
The wide, wide sea-marshes of Glynn." 

Sidney Lanier. 



CHAPTER VI 



THE PEARCE FAMILY 

TpHE Pearce family from which we are descended was one 
of the early families of Virginia, its early representative 
there being William Pearce or Pierce, of James City County, 
born in England, died in Virginia, a member of the Vir- 
ginia Council in 1631. One of his kinsmen, Stephen 
Pearce, Sr., emigrated to Carolina early in the eighteenth 
century, and there had sons born, Stephen, William, and 
Joshua. In July, 1768, Joshua appears in Georgia as making 
application for a hundred and fifty acres of land on both sides 
of Buck Creek, he deposing that he had then been in the 
province four months from North Carolina, had had no 
lands granted him previously in Georgia, and had a wife 
and six children and negroes. He received this grant in 
July, 1771. Joshua was a leader in Methodism in the 
State of Georgia. He was a man of great intelligence and 
energy, a planter of importance, and deeply interested in 
every movement for the welfare of his state. His memory 
still endures, he is spoken of in the several counties of Ef- 
fingham, Screven, Bullock and Burke, with veneration and 
respect. This was the Joshua Pearce who entertained 
President Washington on his visit to the South in 1791. 15 
Either Joshua's mother or his grandmother was a Lanier 
(the other being a Green), and he was in this way a collat- 
eral ancestor of the eminent Georgia poet, Sidney Lanier. 

(121) 



122 The Beville Family 

Joshua's son Stephen married Mary Mills of the noted 
family of that name of South Carolina, and later of Georgia 
and Florida. His own position in Georgia was precisely 
similar to that of his father, and his ideals and activities 
were theoretically and practically the same. As we have 
said in our chapter of reminiscences, it was he who enter- 
tained, in 1825, in the same house and the same room in 
which Washington was entertained by his father, the great 
General Lafayette. Though he was interested largely in 
Florida lands, through the family of his wife, he never lived 
in that state. His grandsons, however, did; one of them, 
Stephen Pearce Bevill, being among the earliest settlers of 
Alachua County. 

Stephen's older brother, Joshua, emigrated to Mississippi, 
and receiving grants in that state, founded the Mississippi 
branch of this Pearce family. 

Major William Pearce, uncle of Stephen, was a member 
of the Continental Congress from Georgia. He was born 
in North Carolina about 1740, received a liberal education, 
and was one of the early exponents of the cause of the 
colonies. The Cyclopoedia of Georgia, edited by ex-Governor 
Allen D. Candler and General Clement A. Evans, says of 
him : " His first service was as aid-de-camp to General 
Greene. At the battle of Eutaw Springs he distinguished 
himself by his bravery, for which he was given a sword by 
Congress, and was promoted to the rank of Major." In 
the year 1786-87 he served as a delegate to the Continental 
Congress, in the latter year being also a member of the 
Philadelphia Convention to revise the Federal Constitution. 
He married 13 December, 1783, at John's Island, Georgia, 
Charlotte Fenwick, daughter of Edward Fenwick, deceased, 
and a ward of General Nathaniel Greene. 



THE PEARCE DESCENDANTS 



Stephen 1 Pearce, Sr. = Green (or Lanier) 

Joshua' 2 Pearce = Hannah Lanier (or Green) 
Stephen 3 Pearce = Mary Mills 
Mary 4 Pearce = Paul Bevill, Jr. 
Stephen Pearce 5 Bevill = Lavlna Lipsey 
Mary Lavisy 6 Beville = John James Vaughan 
Agnes Beville 7 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE CHISHOLM FAMILY 



" Oh, Brignall banks are wild and fair 
And Greta woods are green, 
Now you may gather garlands there 
Would grace a summer's queen. 

" Ah, County Guy, the hour is nigh, 
The sun has left the lea. 
The orange flower perfumes the bower, 
The breeze is on the sea." 

Scott. 



CHAPTER VII 



THE CHISHOLM FAMILY 

THHE Chisolm Genealogy, by William Garnett Chisolm, 
A LL. B., published in New York in 1914 says : "Alexan- 
der Chisolm and his wife, daughter of Fraser of Ballindown, 
emigrated to Carolina about 1717 and settled near Charles 
Town on the Wando or Cooper river. The rising in 1715 
under the Earl of Mar had been repulsed, and Roderick 
Chisholm, chief of the Clan, had been forfeited by the 
King for his participation therein, and no doubt a home 
in the new world offered more inducements to a free 
spirit than the unsettled condition of affairs in the High- 
lands." After Culloden, in 1746, the Clan was almost 
broken up, much the larger portion taking refuge in Canada. 
These seem to have been nearly all Roman Catholic, the 
Protestants of the Knockfin branch coming to Georgia and 
Virginia, where they are to-day. There appear to have been 
several Chisholms, who emigrated to Carolina, the exact re- 
lationship between whom the present status of the family 
researches does not disclose. These branches are now rep- 
resented by Dr. Julian F. Chisholm of Savannah, Mr. 
Edward de C. Chisholm of New York, Mr. Frederick A. 
Chisholm of Birmingham, Alabama, Mrs. J. W. Masters of 
Fredricksburg, Virginia, and Senator Robert L. Owen of 
Oklahoma. Senator Owen's mother was Narcissa Chisholm, 

(127) 



128 The Beville Family 

hereditary head of the Cherokee Indians, her father, Thomas 
Chisholm, having married a Cherokee princess before the 
tribe were sent West by the Government. He was the son 
of John Chisholm, a Scotchman, who lived near Charleston 
about Revolutionary times. This John Chisholm witnessed 
the will of William Maine (who married Judith Gignilliat), 
in old Granville County, now Beaufort, South Carolina, on 
the 6th of March, 1769. His daughter, Elizabeth Chisholm, 
married James Pelot, and was the great great-grandmother 
of the writer. 

The Chisholms of Virginia, South Carolina and Georgia 
" are descended from the cadet house of Knockfin, a branch 
of the Clan Chisholm, which has been established in Inver- 
ness-shire and neighboring counties for nearly six hundred 
years, being one of the smaller but independent members of 
that great system peculiar to the Scottish Gael." 16 " The 
Chisholm," says Dr. Joseph G. Bulloch, in his History and 
Genealogy of the Family of Baillie and Dunain, " a family 
twice descended from Royalty, and through the de TArds 
from the earls of Strathern and Orkney and Kings of Nor- 
way," also descend from the McKenzies of Gairloch, Tar- 
bat, Red Castle, Applecross, and the Earl of Seaforth, the 
Mclntoshes, McDonalds of Moidart and Glengarry, Mc- 
Leans, Frasers, and others. Dr. Bulloch also adds : " The 
ancient family of Chisholm (The Chisholm) descends from 
the Earl of Athole, the last representative of Donald Bane, 
King of Scotland, and this family is one of the early Celtic 
families of old Scotland." 17 

In the Chisolm Genealogy we further read : " Wiland de 
Chisholm was said to have been a man of remarkable 
strength and an expert with the bow. He was the first of 



The Chisholm Family 129 

the name to be designated The Chisholm, it being the proud 
boast of the family in former days that there were only 
three persons entitled to this prefix — The Pope, The King, 
and The Chisholm. Modern authorities state that in spite 
of the use of this title by other Highland chieftains, notably 
The Mackintosh, the head of the Clan Chisholm is the only 
one who by right is entitled to be so designated." " The 
principal seat of the family is Erchless Castle, a stately and 
picturesque old fortalice, situated near the confluence of the 
Glass and Farrar, in a region unsurpassed for its combina- 
tion of sylvan beauty and mountain grandeur — about ten 
miles from the town of Beauly, where, in the midst of a 
group of old trees, stands the ancient Priory, roofless and 
neglected — the burial place of the Lords of Lovat and 
Knights of the families of Chisholm and MacKenzie." 18 



THE CHISHOLM DESCENDANTS 



John 1 Chisholm = 



Elizabeth 2 Chisholm = James Pelot 

Mary Martha 8 Pelot = Horace Jesse Harrison 

Eliza Chisholm Pelot 4 Harrison == Daniel Vaughan 

John James 5 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 

Agnes Beville 6 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE ATHERTON FAMILY 



" Thy soul was like a star, and dwelt apart ; 
So dids't thou travel on life's common way 
In cheerful godliness.'" 

Wordsworth. 

ft 

" Liberty's in every blow ! 
Let us do or die." 

Burns. 



CHAPTER VIII 



THE ATHERTON FAMILY 

TIUMPHREY ATHERTON, Major-General, was born at 
Preston, Lancashire, England, where he married Mary 
Wales. With his wife and three children, embarking at 
Bristol, he came to Boston, Massachusetts, in the "James" in 
1635. Settling in Dorchester, he was admitted a freeman 
there and signed the covenant of the church in May, 1638. 
Becoming captain of the Dorchester train-band at its organ- 
ization in 1644, he was promoted five years later to the 
command of the Suffolk Regiment. This position he held 
until 1661, when he succeeded Daniel Denison as Major- 
General of the Suffolk troop. In civil as well as military 
affairs Major-General Atherton was very prominent. For 
thirteen years, between 1638 and 1660, he was a selectman 
of Dorchester, for nine years he represented the town in the 
General Court, in 1653 he was Speaker of the House, and in 
1654, and thereafter annually, he was chosen an assistant. 
In the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, with 
which he united in 1638, he rose to be captain in 1650. 

The public acts of Major-General Atherton, other than 
strictly military, are enumerated as follows by his biogra- 
pher in The History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company : "In 1643 he was sent with Edward Tomlins of 

( 135 ) 



136 The Beville Family 

Lynn, by the General Court to treat with the Narragansett 
Indians. In 1644 he returned to the same district with 
Captains Johnson and Cooke to arrest and try Samuel Gor- 
ton for heresy. He seems to have had great skill in his 
treatment of the Indians, with whom his public duties 
brought him in frequent contact. He manifested much 
sympathy for their ignorance and degraded condition, but 
exercised great energy and decision of character when neces- 
sary. Johnson says : ' Although he be slow of speech, yet 
he is downright for the business — one of a cheer-spirit and 
entire for the country.' He is also said to have been 'a 
man of courage and presence of mind, for when he was sent 
with twenty men to Pessacus, an Indian sachem, to demand 
the arrears to the colony of three hundred fathom of wam- 
pum, Pessacus put him off for some time with dilatory 
answers, not suffering him to come into his presence. He 
finally led his men to the door of the wigwam, entered him- 
self, with pistol in hand, leaving his men without, and seiz- 
ing Pessacus by the hair of his head drew him from the 
midst of a great number of his attendants, threatening if any 
of them interfered, he would dispatch them. Pessacus paid 
what was demanded, and the English returned in safety.' " 19 

Major-Generai Atherton died 17 September, 1661. He 
had been in Boston reviewing the train-band and was on his 
way home to Dorchester across the Neck when his horse 
stumbled over or was frightened by a cow and threw him 
off and caused him injuries from which he did not recover. 
His death seems to have been felt to be a public calamity, 
and his funeral was conducted with great military pomp. 

His estate, besides a farm of seven hundred acres, inven- 
toried eight hundred and thirty-eight pounds. His will was 










i 



■s 






The Atherton Family 137 

proved 27 September, 1661, and his estate was divided 
among his widow and children. Blake records " He was 
killed by a fall from his horse at ye South end of Boston as 
he was coming homewards (I think in ye evening) his horse 
either running over or starting at a cow that lay down in 
ye way." His tomb is in the Dorchester Burying Ground, 
and the epitaph on it is as follows : 

" Here lies our Captain and Major of Suffolk withal 
A goodly magistrate was he, and Major General, 
Two troops of horse with him here came, such love his 

worth did crave 
Ten companies of foot, also mourning, marched to his 

grave. 
Let all who read be sure to keep the truth, as he has 

done 
With Christ he now is crowned, his name was Hum- 
phrey Atherton." 

Major-General Humphrey Atherton's ninth child was 
named Mary. She was married 9 (7), 1667 to Joseph Weekes, 
son of George and Jane (Clap) Weekes. A daughter Mary, 
of Joseph and Mary (Atherton) Weekes, born 20 May, 1668, 
was married, probably about 1684, to Joseph Leeds, son of 
Joseph and Miriam (Cook) Leeds, and a daughter Mary, of 
Joseph and Mary (Weekes) Leeds, born in 1696, was married 
12 November, 1728, to Samuel Humphrey. The three 
children of Samuel and Mary (Leeds) Humphrey were Mary, 
born 8 April, 1730, married to Henry Vaughan ; Elizabeth, 
born 2 May, 1734, died about 1771, unmarried ; and Rachel, 
born 5 April, 1736, married to John Vaughan. 

Samuel Humphrey's will was made 8 September, 1761, 
and proved 11 July, 1766. The Inventory shows his estate 
to have been valued at ^"159. 10. 8. 



138 The Beville Family 

In his will he mentions his eldest (living) daughter, Ruth 
Clapp, wife of David Clapp, his only child then living by 
his first wife (Elizabeth Baker), his daughter Mary " Vann " 
wife of Henry " Vann," and his unmarried daughters Eliza- 
beth and Rachel. His homestead he devises to these four 
daughters in specific parts. 11 November, 1763, Henry 
Vaughan mortgages twenty acres of land in Dedham to 
John Whiting. This transaction is recorded in the Registry 
of Deeds of Suffolk County, Book 100, page 254. 



THE ATHERTON DESCENDANTS 



Major General 1 Humphrey Atherton = Mary Wales 

Mary 2 Atherton = Joseph Weekes 

Mary 8 Weekes = Joseph Leeds 

Mary 4 Leeds = Samuel Humphrey 

Mary 6 Humphrey = Henry Vaughan, Jr. 

John 6 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 7 Vaughan = Eliza C. Pelot Harrison 

John James 8 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 

Agnes Beville 9 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE HUMPHREY FAMILY 



" Plain living and high thinking are no more, 
The homely beauty of the good old cause, 
Is gone ; our peace, our fearful innocence, 
And pure religion breathing household laws. " 

Wordsworth. 



CHAPTER IX 



THE HUMPHREY FAMILY 

HPHE Humphrey family was founded by Jonas Humphrey, 
"■■ " who came to Dorchester, " says Clapp's History of 
Dorchester, "with his wife Frances, and son James, from 
Wendover, in Buckinghamshire, England, (where he had been 
a constable) in 1634. James was about twenty-six years old 
when the family arrived. Mr. Humphrey was a grantee of 
Neck Lands in 1637 ; a member of the Church in 1639 ; 
freeman May 13, 1640 ; and proprietor in the great lots in 
1646." His children were : Jonas, died October 30, 1689 ; 
James; Hopestill, baptized 4 (4) 1649 ; Elizabeth; Susan; 
Sarah ; and one other daughter. He lived in what is now 
called Humphrey Street, and the estate he owned was still 
in the Humphrey family's possession during most if not all 
of the nineteenth century. Jonas died " 9 (1) 1662 " and 
his wife died "2 (6) 1668". The Humphreys came in the 
second emigration from England to Dorchester, in 1635, 
other families coming with them being the Athertons, Claps, 
Fosters, Leedses, Mathers, Topliffs, Waleses, Weekses, 
Withingtons, etc. 

Elder James Humphrey, second son of Jonas, born in 
England, was so intimate a friend of his pastor, Richard 
Mather, that he requested in his will that he should be 
buried in Mather's tomb. The tomb being stoned up, and 

(143) 



144 The Beville Family 

too small, however, his grave was made at the foot of the 
tomb, and is still marked with the original stone. The in- 
scription thereon is as follows : 

" Here lyes Interred ye Body of Mr. James Humphrey, 
one of ye Ruling Elders of Dorchester, who departed this 
life May 12th., 1686, in ye 78th. year of his age. 

" Inclos'd within this shrine is precious Dust 
And only waits for th' rising of ye Just. 
Most usefull while he liv'd, adorn'd his Station, 
Even to old age he Serv'd his Generation, 
Since his Decease tho't of with Veneration. 

" How great a Blessing this Ruling Elder he 
Unto this Church & Town ; & Pastors Three. 
Mather he first did by him help Receive ; 
Flint did he next his burden much Relieve ; 
Renowned Danforth he did assist with skill 
Esteemed high by all : Bear fruit untill 
Yielding to death his Glorious seat did fill." 

Elder James Humphrey had a wife Mary, whose maiden 
name we do not know. Their first child was Hopestill, a 
son, baptized 10 June, 1649, who married first 21 November, 
1677, Elizabeth Baker of Dorchester, and had with seven other 
children a son Samuel, born 27 August, 1691, who had two 
wives. The second of these wives was Mary Leeds, whom 
Samuel married 12 November, 1728. To her husband this 
lady bore three daughters, Mary, born 8 April, 1730, who 
became the wife of Henry Vaughan, Jr. ; Elizabeth, born 
2 May, 1734, died unmarried; and Rachel, born 5 April, 1736, 
who became the wife of John Vaughan, brother of Henry. 20 
Hopestill Humphrey was chosen a Selectman of Dorchester 
in 1708. 




"1 



I 



THE HUMPHREY DESCENDANTS 



Jonas 1 Humphrey = Frances 



Elder James 2 Humphrey = Mary 



Hopestill 3 Humphrey = Elizabeth Baker 

Samuel 4 Humphrey = Mary Leeds 

Mary 5 Humphrey = Henry Vaughan, Jr. 

John 6 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 7 Vaughan = Eliza Chisholm Pelot Harrison 

John James 8 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 

Agnes Beville 9 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE GIGNILLIAT FAMILY 



" Men who can hear the Decalogue, and feel 
No self-reproach." 

Wordsioorth. 



CHAPTER X 



THE GIGNILLIAT FAMILY 

"""PHE Gignilliat family is one of the notable group of 
"*• Huguenot families, the founders of which, as Dr. J. G. B. 
Bulloch of Washington, D. C., says, "either as gentlemen, 
planters, soldiers, lawyers, statesmen, &c, have added lustre 
to the Commonwealth of South Carolina." 21 It was evi- 
dently founded in America by Jean Francois Gignilliat, who 
came to America 30 July, 1685, before the Revocation of 
the Edict of Nantes, 22 October, 1685; and who was the son 
of Abraham Gignilliat and Mary De Ville. 

Jean Francois received a grant of three thousand acres 
as the "first of the Swiss nation to settle in Carolina," 
and married Susanne Le Serurier, daughter of Jacques Le 
Serurier and his wife Elizabeth Leger. They had among 
their children Henry Gignilliat, who married Esther Marion, 
aunt of General Francis Marion, known as the " Swamp 
Fox of the American Revolution; " and Abraham Gignilliat, 
who married, and had John Gignilliat. 

John Gignilliat married Mary Magdalen Du Pre, daughter 
of Cornelius Du Pre and his wife Jean Brabant. Their 
children were James Gignilliat, born 30 July, 1746, who 
married Charlotte, daughter of Dr. Pepper and his wife Sarah 
Evelyn, and had : James Gignilliat, Jr. ; Mary Magdalen 
Gignilliat, who was married to James Nephew ; Gilbert Gig- 
nilliat, who married Mary MacDonnell; and Henry Gignilliat, 
who married Jane Mcintosh of Mala or Mallow ; Elizabeth, 

(149) 



150 The Beville Family 

who married John Cooper; Charlotte; John May; Sarah 
Evelyn; Ann H., and Margaret Pepper. 

James Gignilliat, Jr., married Sarah Catharine Pelot, 
daughter of Rev. Francis Pelot and his second wife, Cath- 
arine (Stoll) Pelot, and had three children, viz: Charles 
Gignilliat; James Gignilliat, 3rd; Sarah Catharine Pelot 
Gignilliat. The daughter married Edward Postell. They 
had eight children : Charles, Susanna, Elizabeth, Jane Eliza, 
Sarah Margaret, Clifford Stiles, Julia Porcher and Laura 
Edwards. Susanna Postell became the second wife of Dr. 
Francis Yonge Porcher, her sister, Clifford Stiles Postell, mar- 
ried Gadsden King, Esq., and Laura Postell married Dr. Eli 
Geddings. 

Henry, the eldest son of Jean Francois Gignilliat and his 
wife Susanne Le Serurier, married Esther Marion, daughter 
of Benjamin Marion and his wife Judith Baluet, and had, 
among other children, Judith, who married William Maine; 
Mary Ann; Gabriel, who was a member of the Provincial 
Congress in 1775, from South Carolina; and Benjamin. 
Gabriel had a son, Gabriel, who married and left no issue, 
and also two daughters, Elizabeth and Esther. 

A descendant of Jean Francois de Gignilliat — either a 
granddaughter or a great-granddaughter — was married to 
William Harrison, born at Euhaw, South Carolina, in 1741, 
and was the ancestress of the writer of this book. Public 
records, such as wills and land transactions, cannot be offered 
as proof of this fact, because of destruction by fire and war. 
Private records, however, and an interview which was en- 
joyed in 1886, with Mrs. Sarah Gignilliat (Harrison) Gauld- 
ing, who was the second grandchild of William Harrison and 
Gignilliat, confirm this statement. 



THE GIGNILLIAT DESCENDANTS 



Jean Francois 1 Gignilliat = Susanne Le Serurier 
Henry 2 Gignilliat = Esther Marion 

Gabriel 3 Gignilliat = Cahusac 

4 Gignilliat = William Harrison 

Horace Jesse 6 Harrison = Mary Martha Pelot 
Eliza Chisholm Pelot 6 Harrison = Daniel Vaughan 
John James 7 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 
Agnes Beville 8 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE COOKE FAMILY 



" As for life, it is a battle and a sojourning in a strange land ; 
but the fame that comes after is oblivion. " 

Marcus Aurelius. 



CHAPTER XI 



THE COOKE FAMILY 

A ARON COOKE, Captain, was one of the first settlers 
of the tpwn of Dorchester, Massachusetts, coming 
there probably as early as 1630. He was made freeman in 
Dorchester, 6 May, 1635, where, 5 July, 1636, it was ordered 
that he should have " half an acre of ground over against his 
lot, by the brook near the dead swamp, to build his house 
upon." "Mr. Cooke," says Clapp's History of the town of 
Dorchester, " was a man of great energy and a devoted 
friend of the regicide Judges, Goffe and Whalley. While 
they were in this country they resided in his neighborhood." 
Among his fellow settlers of Dorchester were Roger Clap, 
Bernard and John Capen, Thomas Tileston, Roger Williams, 
and Henry Wolcott. Captain Aaron Cooke was born in 
England in 1610, and was married four times, his first wife, 
daughter of Thomas Ford, being the writer's ancestress. 
Their first daughter, Joanna, born 5 August, 1638, was 
married to Simon, son of Henry and Elizabeth Wolcott ; 
their second daughter, Miriam, baptized 12 March, 1642-3, 
was married 8 November, 1661, to Joseph Leeds of Dorchester, 
and at once removed to Northampton, Massachusetts. 
Later she returned to Dorchester, and died there 23 August, 
1720. Both she and her husband are buried in the old 
Dorchester burying-ground at Upham's Corner. 

(155) 



156 The Beville Family 

Captain Aaron Cooke had a land grant at Windsor, 
Connecticut, 5 July, 1636, and about this time with many of 
his friends assisted in founding this town. In Windsor he 
remained, one of the most prominent men of the town in 
municipal and military affairs, until 1661, when he removed 
to Northampton, Massachusetts j where he resided until his 
death, 5 September, 1690, at the age of eighty years. His 
first wife died at Windsor, some time after 1645, in which 
year her last child was born. Captain Cooke's military 
career, says Stiles's History of Ancient Windsor, Connecticut, 
"seems to have commenced in Windsor, for 21 May, 1653, 
Lieutenant Cooke was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the 
sixty-five soldiers drafted out of the ten Connecticut towns 
on a requisition of the Commissioners of the United Colonies, 
for a war against the Dutch, Windsor having the largest 
number of men; and 25 May, 1655, 'Leftenant' Cooke was 
chosen Captayne at Windsor ; he had 87 papers (votes) ; 
only 19 for others. Sept. 1, 1656, he was ordered by the 
Town to beat the drum on Lord's and lecture-days, from the 
top of the meeting-house, for which he was to have 20s for 
the next year." 

" In 1687, Gov. Andros made Cap. Cooke a major (then 
the highest military office in Mass.), and after Andros's fall 

he was again Captain The valiant Captain, as 

appears from frequent mention in Windsor Town Records, 
was a great hunter of wolves." 



THE COOKE DESCENDANTS 



Captain Aaron 1 Cooke = Ford 

Miriam 2 Cooke = Joseph Leeds 

Joseph 3 Leeds = Mary Weekes 

Mary 4 Leeds = Samuel Humphrey 

Mary 6 Humphrey = Henry Vaughan, Jr. 

John 6 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 7 Vaughan = Eliza Chisholm Pelot Harrison 

John James 8 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 

Agnes Beville 9 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE WEEKES FAMILY 



" Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end 
be like his." 

The Bible. 



CHAPTER XII 



THE WEEKES FAMILY 

p EORGE WEEKES came from Devonshire, England, to 
^ - * Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1635, in the same ship 
with the Rev. Richard Mather. His wife was Jane Clap, 
a sister of Roger Clap, and both were admitted to the Dor- 
chester church 21 December, 1639. Mr. Weekes, says the 
historian of the Weekes family, " was evidently a man of 
superior culture for his time, and held a prominent, place in 
the colony." He was a selectman of Dorchester and from 
time to time occupied other positions of trust. He appears 
to have taken an especial interest in education. He died 28 
December, 1650, and his widow afterward became the second 
wife of Jonas Humphrey. 

Joseph Weekes, a younger son of George Weekes, born in 
Dorchester, but at what date is not known, married 9 April, 
1667, Mary, daughter of Major General Humphrey Atherton, 
and their daughter Mary, born 20 May, 1668, was married 
to Joseph Leeds. 

(161) 



THE WEEKES DESCENDANTS 



George 1 Weekes = Jane Clap 

Joseph 2 Weekes = Mary Atherton 

Mary 8 Weekes = Joseph Leeds 

Mary 4 Leeds = Samuel Humphrey 

Mary 5 Humphrey = Henry Vaughan, Jr. 

John 6 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 7 Vaughan = Eliza Chisholm Pelot Harrison 

John James 8 Vaughan = Mary Lavisy Beville 

Agnes Beville 9 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE LEEDS FAMILY 



" God sifted a whole nation that he might send choice grain over 
into the wilderness." William Stoughton. 

(Election Sermon at Boston, April 29, 1669.) 

" When all is done, human life is, at the greatest and the best, 
but like a forward child that must be played with and humoured a 
little to keep it quiet till it falls asleep, and then the care is over." 

Sir William Temple. 



CHAPTER XIII 



THE LEEDS FAMILY 

DICHARD LEEDS of Great Yarmouth, England, with 
*• ^ his wife Joan, left England, says Clapp's History of 
Dorchester, on the twelfth of April, 1637, " desirous, as he said 
(to Mr. Thomas Mayhew, the King's commissioner), 'to pass 
to New England, and there to inhabit and dwell.' " He 
settled at what is now Savin Hill in Dorchester and in 1639 
was granted land on Thompson's Island for a fishing busi- 
ness, which he and Nathaniel Duncan carried on for many 
years. " He was an active man, both in church and town 
affairs, and left a large estate for those times. He died 18 
March, 1692-3, aged about ninety-eight, and his grave-stone 
still marks the spot where he was laid. His wife Joan, who 
was in everything all that adorns a wife, mother, and friend, 
died in 1682, and lies by his side in the Dorchester burying- 
ground." The eldest children of Richard and Joan Leeds 
were twins, Joseph and Benjamin, born in Dorchester in 
1637. Of these, Joseph married 8 November, 1661, Miriam 
Cooke, daughter of Captain Aaron Cooke of Northampton, 
concerning whom we have given some important facts. 
Joseph and Miriam lived at Northampton until about 1672, 
when they returned to Dorchester. Joseph died 28 January, 

(167) 



168 The Beville Family 

1714-15, aged about seventy-seven. Miriam died 23 August, 
1720, aged about seventy-eight, having had a large family. 
" They were an exemplary couple and their children were 
among the most prominent of their generation." 

Joseph Leeds, Jr., son of Joseph and Miriam, married 
Mary Weekes, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Atherton) 
Weekes, and granddaughter of Major General Humphrey 
Atherton. Their tombstones are likewise to be seen, the 
inscriptions they bear being still entirely legible, in the old 
Dorchester burying-ground. 




^ 






THE LEEDS DESCENDANTS 



Richard 1 Leeds = Joan 



Joseph 2 Leeds = Miriam Cooke 

Joseph 3 Leeds = Mart Weekes 

Mart 4 Leeds = Samuel Humphrey 

Mart 5 Humphret = Henrt Vaughan, Jr. 

John 6 Vaughan = Rhoda Effingham 

Daniel 7 Vaughan = Eliza Chisholm Pelot Harrison 

John James 8 Vaughan = Mart Lavist Beville 

Agnes Beville 9 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



THE SCRUGGS FAMILY 



"There is 
One great society alone on earth : 
The noble living and the noble dead. " 

Wordsworth. 



CHAPTER XIV 



THE SCRUGGS FAMILY 

HPHE remote ancestor of the Scruggs family was named 
Schroggs, he was one of the Continentals who came to 
England with the Conqueror or about the Conqueror's time. 
In time his name was anglicized to Scroggs and Scruggs, the 
latter being the name the family has always borne in 
America. In the time of Cromwell's protectorate two 
brothers, Henry and Richard Scruggs emigrated to Virginia 
and there became tobacco planters on a large scale. We 
find Richard Scruggs in James City County, Virginia, in 
1655, and exactly one hundred years later we find one of 
his descendants, also named Richard, petitioning for land in 
St. George's Parish, Georgia, about fifty miles from Savannah, 
which was then in Christ Church Parish. The Colonial 
Records of Georgia, volume 7, page 678, of the date De- 
cember, 1757, records the petition of Richard Scruggs, " set- 
ting forth that he was lately come into the province and 
was desirous to become a settler therein, his family consist- 
ing of his wife, five children, and nine negroes, now in the 
province." He received his grant on the Walnut Branch of 
Briar Creek. 

(173) 



174 The Beville Family 

Again, in volume 8 of the same records, in October, 1762, 
we find Richard Scruggs, while setting forth that he had had 
three hundred acres of land granted him, " fit only for pas- 
turing cattle," petitioning for another tract of three hundred 
and fifty acres adjoining southward on land of Robert Bevill. 
This fresh grant he obtained, the land lying in the Parish of 
St. Matthew. From the fact that Richard Scruggs and 
Robert Bevill owned adjoining plantations, nothing was more 
natural than that a daughter of Scruggs should become the 
wife of a son of Bevill. This, as our charts will show, was 
precisely what did happen. 

In volume 9 of the Georgia Colonial Records, page 232, 
under date of November, 1764, we find recorded as follows : 
" Ordered that Richard Scruggs and Leonard Claiborne be 
inserted in the Commission of the Peace, Justices for the 
Parish of St. Matthew." It is proper to mention here that 
Richard Scruggs, Robert Bevill, and Leonard Claiborne came 
together from Virginia to Georgia, and that they were 
throughout their lives bound by the closest ties of blood and 
friendship. It is known beyond a doubt that William Clai- 
borne, great-grandfather of Leonard, who was undoubtedly 
the most distinguished of all the early American Colonists, 
was an ancestor of the writer of this book, her descent from 
him coming through the marriage of Paul Bevill, Sr. and 
Sarah Scruggs. Owing to the loss of Georgia records, how- 
ever, it is uncertain through which family, the Bevills or 
Scruggses, she does descend from him. The alliance of 
Henry Scruggs with Ann Gross, this marriage occurring 25 
January, 1685-6, in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, 
Virginia, gives the writer also a Gross ancestry. Of the 
Gross family the most distinguished member has been the 



The Scruggs Family 175 

brilliant surgeon, Dr. Gross of Philadelphia. Through the 
Bevill-Scruggs marriage comes also to the writer a Sisson 
ancestry, Thomas Sisson, a descendant of Richard Sisson of 
Rhode Island, having settled in North Carolina early in the 
eighteenth century and become a planter there. William 
Sisson, son of Thomas, removed to Georgia, and either his 
sister or his daughter, Ann, who was the wife of Richard 
Scruggs, administered on his estate " as nearest of kin." 



THE SCRUGGS DESCENDANTS 



Richard Scruggs = Martha 
Henry 1 Scruggs = Hannah Gross 

Gross 2 Scruggs = Ann 

Richard 3 Scruggs = Ann Sisson 

Sarah 4 Scruggs = Paul Bevill, Sr. 

Paul 5 Bevill, Jr. = Mary Pearce 

Stephen Pearce 6 Bevill = Lavina Lipsey 

Mary Lavisy 7 Beville = John James Vaughan 

Agnes Beville 8 Vaughan = Arthur White Tedcastle 



Thomas 1 Sisson = 
William 2 Sisson = 



Ann 8 Sisson = Richard Scruggs 

Sarah 4 Scruggs = Paul Bevill, Sr. 

Paul 5 Bevill, Jr. = Mary Pearce 

Stephen Pearce 6 Bevill = Lavina Lipsey 

Mary Lavisy 7 Beville = John James Vaughan 

Agnes Beville 8 Vaughan — Arthur White Tedcastle 



PUBLIC ) 



NOTES 



NOTES 



CHAPTER I 

1. " From the flower garden, where Tabby was greatly given to the 
culture of clove pinks, were wafted through the chinks of the win- 
dow shutters perfumes that might have come from Araby the blest." 

Mrs. Burton Harrison, in " Flower De Hundred." 

CHAPTER II 

2. The original form of the name Bevill was De Beville, but in 
England it was anglicized to Beville, and so appears until 1643, 
when Sir Bevill Granville, the hero of the battle of Landsdowne, 
changed the spelling to Bevill. It is interesting to note that in 
America the female members of the family have uniformly retained 
the final e. 

3. Bevill Granville was Governor of the Barbadoes in 1706 and 
there is an unpublished letter among the Hawks Mss. in Fulham 
Palace [Library] Fulham Road S.W. London written by Rev. Bevill 
Granville 6th May, 1732 and dated from " North and South Carolina 
and Georgia." 

Right Hon. John Earl Granville, Viscount Cartaret and Baron 
Cartaret of Hawnes, in the County of Bedford, had a grant of land in 
A.merica from George II, dated 17 September, 1744, which was laid 
in what is now Pitt county, North Carolina. 

4. In his notes on the Bevill family, carefully made from original 
records in Virginia, the late Thomas Forsythe Nelson, genealogist of 
Washington, D. C, calls her Amy Butler, but once at least he calls 

( 181 ) 



182 Notes 

her Ann. Whether she was married to Essex Bevill in Virginia or 
not we cannot be sure, nor whether she was related to the Rev. 
Amory Butler of Rappahannock or the Rev. William Butler, his 
brother, who held the liviu of Washington Parish. A Rev. Thomas 
Butler of Denbigh Parish had a grant there of 1000 acres in 1635. 

5. Thereafter there were many grants to John Bevill; to Thomas 
and Daniel Bevill, " sons of Essex Bevill deceased " granted in 
1730, and to a younger Essex Bevill, all in Virginia. While it is 
shown that both the sons of Essex Bevill married, the details of the 
family groups in which we can place Robert Bevill " Vestryman in 
Bristol Parish in 1731 " have not been discovered. There is hardly 
any doubt but that they are the progenitors of all of the name in 
Virginia and who went thence to Georgia. 

6. John Vaughau, Samuel Harrison, and Ephraim Harrison, son 
of Samuel, Robert Harrison, James Pelot, John Francis Pelot, son 
of James, and Stephen Pearce, one of the heirs of William Mills, 
were all interested in the title to lands on Amelia Island, East 
Florida, as early as 1797. This fact is found in the printed report 
of the Commissioners who took testimony and adjusted the land 
claims after the Floridas were taken into and became a part of the 
United States. 

In 1763, East and West Florida were ceded by Spain to Great 
Britain, and in the next twenty years more than 2500 whites had 
settled there. In 1783 the Floridas were again ceded to Spain and 
most of the English settlers withdrew. In 1795 West Florida was 
sold to France. 

" East Florida was delivered by Governor Coppinger to Lieutenant 
Robert Butler of the United States Army, July 10, 18-21, and on that 
day the Spanish flag was finally lowered from the walls of St. Au- 
gustine, where it had so long proudly waved. The stars and stripes 
announced the second acquisition to the young nation of the new 
world." " The Purchase of Florida, Its History and Diplomacy," by 
Hubert Bruce Fuller, A.M., LL.M. Cleveland, Ohio, 1906, Page 323. 



Notes 183 

CHAPTER III 

7. This is learned from a deed, which we shall hereafter refer to, 
given in Book 1, page (50, of the Norfolk County Deeds, in Dedham. 

April 30, 1754, Henry " Vaughn " received a deed from John 
Fuller, of four and a half acres on the Dedham road to Dedham 
meeting house. " Suffolk County Registry of Deeds," Book 84, 

P. 196. 

May 19, 1755, Henry Vaughn, probably the father but possibly 
the son, entered military service. He appears on a muster roll dated 
Boston, February 26, 1756, of a company in H. M. Service under 
command of Captain Eliphalet Fales, his rank private, his residence 
Dedham. He served until December 15, thirty weeks and one day. 
He was in the Crown Point Expedition. " Military Archives," 
Book 94, P. 95. 

Henry Vaughn appears on a card as John Vaughn's father or 
master in 1763. " Military Archives," Vol. 98, P. 429. 

March 18, 1765, Henry Vaughn of Dedham, County Suffolk, hus- 
bandman, sells to William Badlam of Dedham, husbandman, for 
,£120., 20 acres "by estimation" iu the township of Dedham, of 
which " Henry is lawfully seized and possessed" in his own proper 
right as a good, perfect, and absolute estate of inheritance in fee 
simple." Both Henry and his wife sign this deed, which is regis- 
tered in Norfolk County, Nov. 28, 1793. Mary Vaughan appears 
before Samuel Dexter, J. P., and acknowledges having siarued this 
instrument as her free act and deed. The boundaries of the land 
are minutely given. 

Of John Vaughn (Henry, Sr., and Elizabeth) born 13 May, 1745, 
baptized 26 May, 1745, we have a more complete record than of his 
brother, Henry. He entered Military service in 1761, serving in 
Capt. Lemuel Bent's Company, in Capt. Simon Jefferd's Company 
from 28 May, 1762, until 21 July 1762, and in Capt. Oliver Billings' 
Company in 1779, in which year he reported his age as 33. He 
married in Dorchester (by Rev. Jonathan Bowman) 5 September, 



184 Notes 

1769, Rachel Humphrey of Dorchester, youngest daughter of Samuel 
and Mar} r (Leeds) Humphrey, who was born 5 April, 1736, and died, 
according to the Humphrey Genealogy, in May, 1802, aged 67. 

After her death John Vaughan married Susannah , who died 

(Dorchester Vital Records) May 27, 1803, John Vaughan died Sep- 
tember 14, 1810. 

On the day of the Battle of Lexington, John Vaughan and others 
assembled in the Dorchester Company. " History of Dorchester," 
p. 341. He served in some capacity in the Revolution from July 24, 
1776 to April 3, 1779. " History of Dorchester," p. 343. 

On the 22nd of December, 1786, John Vaughan of " Dorchester, 
County Suffolk," and his wife Rachel, deed a piece of land lying in 
Dorchester (y± of an acre more or less) to James Humphrey of the 
same town, tanner, David Clapp, Jr. and Hannah Humphrey being 
witnesses of their signatures. They also deed a third of an acre to 
James Humphrey, November 17, 1795, on which date they acknowl- 
edge the former deed. See Norfolk County records (at Dedham) 
April 7, 1800, they sell for fifty dollars to James Humphrey, about 
9 rods, together with half of a dwelling house standing thereon. 

John Vaughan and his wife Rachel owned the covenant in Dorches- 
ter December 10, 1769 ; Rachel Vaughan was admitted to full com- 
munion July 15, 1781. 

John and Rachel Vaughan had at least one child. This was 
Rachel, born 30 December, 1769, baptized January 7, 1770; died 
28 January, 1770. That they had other daughters is possible, for 
in the census of 1790, John Vaughan living in Dorchester, is said to 
have had a family consisting of one male (himself) and three white 
females. 

An Elizabeth Vaughan (the record says " widow of John "), died in 
Dorchester September 14, 1810. That she was not widow of John 
but of Henry Sr., we are quite convinced. She must have been 
over ninety when she died. 

8. In the description given of Vaughan on his entrance on mili- 
tary service in Massachusetts, he is said to be sixteen years old, his 



Notes 185 

height is given as five feet, and his hair and complexion are said to 
be light. 

John D. Vaughan is said to have been with Washington at Valley 
Forge, where, after being defeated at Germantown in December, 
1777, Washington went into winter quarters. 

CHAPTER IV 

9. The term " Sea Island" as applied to many of the plantations 
of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida implies that these estates 
were surrounded by the tide waters of the sea. The Sea Island 
plantations were by far the most famous southern plantations, rais- 
ing the so-called Sea Island cotton, which has a "long staple," in 
contradistinction to the short staple cotton, which to this day is not 
worth more than one fourth the value of the other. 

The plantation of which Frances Anne Kemble (Mrs. Pierce 
Butler) in her "Journal of a Residence on a Georgia Plantation in 
1838-1839," writes so charmingly was situated on St. Simon's Island, 
and on neighboring plantations on this island, especially that owned 
by the Hon. Thomas Spalding and later by his son Randolph Spalding, 
this Harrison family in successive generations visited frequently and 
intimately. Mrs. Pierce Butler's book was published in Loudon by 
Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts, and Green, 1863. 

10. Mr. Win. G. Stanard in " The Virginia Magazine of History 
and Biography," Vol. XXIII, pp. "214, 215. 

11. Bishop Meade's " Old Churches, Ministers and Families of 
Virginia," Vol. II, p. 210. 

12. Bishop Meade's " Old Churches, Ministers and Families of 
Virginia," Vol. II, pp. 105, 109. 

CHAPTER V 

13. See "Transactions of the Huguenot Society of South Carolina," 
by Dr. J. G. B. Bulloch, in an article on " The Influence of the 
Huguenots in the United States of America". Dr. Bulloch says: 



186 Notes 

" It was the gallant Pelot who captured the Water Witch during the 
late war between the states." The following interesting account of 
the capture of the Water Witch by Captain Thomas Pelot, great- 
grandson of Rev. Francis Pelot, was written by Mr. Arthur W. Ted- 
castle from notes given him by Julian Schley, Esq., a lawyer of 
Savannah : " The United States government vessels were blockad- 
ing Savannah. Captain Thomas Pelot of the Confederate Navy, 
stationed at Beaulia Battery on Green Island, Ossabaw Sound, 
noticed a new vessel joining the squadron just below the island 
This proved to be the converted yacht Water Witch, loaded with 
arms and supplies for the use of naval forces. Pelot asked for and 
was given permission to lead an expedition to capture her. He 
called for one hundred volunteers and over two hundred offered. 
Captain Pelot selected one hundred, and taking four barges with 
muffled oars the expedition started after dark and rowed to the 
mouth of the Sound, about six miles away. In the darkness two of 
the boats were lost and returned to the battery, so only fifty men 
reached the Water Witch. They found her, as usual with night nets 
out to prevent her being boarded, but they had grappling irons and 
ladders, and boarded her from each side. As they anticipated, all 
on board being tired only the deck watch was in sight. This watch 
proved to be a very powerful negro, and as Captain Pelot ascended 
the ladder the man met him with two pistols, killed the Captain, and 
killed and wounded several others. The rest of the party, however, 
overpowered the negro, and before the sleeping crew could appear, 
the hatchways were closed and guarded and all the crew kept below. 
Captain Pelot had with him as pilot an old negro, Ben, belonging to 
some branch of his family, and he took the wheel. The boarding 
party then roused the engineer and at the point of the pistol com- 
pelled him to run the vessel into Beaulia Battery. She was un- 
loaded, her guns and supplies were taken, and she was burned and 
sunk." The History of the Confederate Navy asserts that " no 
country ever lost a more gallant officer or more polished gentleman 
than Cantain Pelot." 



Notes 187 

14. " Two Centuries of the First Baptist Church of South Carol- 
ina, 1683-1883." Edited by H. A. Tupper. Baltimore, 1889. P. 29. 

CHAPTER VI 

15. See "President Washington's Diary," under date of May 16, 
1791. 

CHAPTER VII 

16. " Chisolm Genealogy. Being a Record of the Name from 
A.D. 1254." By William Garnett Chisolm, LL.B. New. York, 1914. 

17. " History and Genealogy of the Family of Baillie of Dunain," 
pp. 20, 21, 45, 73. 

18. " Chisolm Genealogy," pp. 13, 1. 

CHAPTER VIII 

19. See " History of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Com- 
pany," Vol. I, pp. 52, 53; the " History of Dorchester" ; " Diary of 
John Hull " (1660) ; " The New England Historical and Genealogical 
Register " (for 1848, 1878, and 1881) ; and other authorities. 

In the " Boston Evening Transcript " of Wednesday, July 12, 1916, 
appeared the following query : " (5695) 1. Atherton. When and 
where was Humphrey Atherton born ; also his daughter Isabel, wife 
of Nathaniel Wales, Jr.? E. S. S. M. N." 

A little later an answer as follows appeared in the " Transcript " : 

" *5695. 1. Atherton. E. S. S. M. N., and *5702. 4. Atherton. 
G. C. P. N., July 12, 1916. Major General Humphrey Atherton was 
born in Preston, Lancashire, Eng., before 1610; married Mary 
Wales, daughter of John Wales of Idle (Bradford), Yorkshire, Eng. 
' At marriage he was between fourteen and fifteen years of age, his 
wife being between thirteen and fourteen.' He died from an acci- 
dent, Sept. 16, 1661; he is buried in Dorchester, Mass. (Upham's 
Corner), Stoughton Burial Ground, having a very quaint epitaph 
upon his tombstone; his wife born (April 30, 1638) died Aug. 17, 
1672. In 1658 he was senior commander of all New England colonial 
military forces. The Athertons are a very ancient family, descend- 
ing from ' Robert of Atherton,' Shrieve (sheriff) of Lancashire, 
Eng., in the time of King John, 1199 to 1226. 



188 Notes 

"Isabel, third child of Humphrey Atherton, was baptized at Win- 
wick, Eng., Jan. 23, 1630; Consider, his fifth child, married Anna 
Anniball, Oct. 19, 1761, (or Dec. 14, 1671). See New England 
Historical and Genealogical Kegister, vols. 32 and 35 ; Putnam's 
Historical Magazine, March 1899 ; and Robert's ' Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company ' ; also ' Atberton Family in England,' 
page 72, found in the Library of the New England Historic and 
Genealogical Society, Boston ; also, Encyclopedia Edition xiii." 

On Monday, August 14, 1916, also appeared : 

"*5695. 1. Atherton. July 31, 1916. I think the statement that 
Major General Humphrey Atherton's wife was Mary Wales, daugh- 
ter of John Wales of Idle, Yorkshire, Eng., is a mistake. While it 
is true that Nathaniel Wales in his will, 20-4-1661, leaves ' My wife 
and my brother-in-law Humphrey Atherton ' executors, this evi- 
dently should not be taken in the sense that we now use the term 
'brother-in-law.' This Nathaniel Wales, son of Johu Wales of 
Idle, County Yorkshire, who was baptized Idle, County York, April 
18, 1623, married Isabel, daughter of Humphrey Atherton. She 
was baptized Winwick, County Lincolnshire, Jan. 29, 1630. The 
will of John Wales of Idle, County York, father of Nathaniel Wales, 
probated Nov. 26, 1610, leaves the residue of his property ' to his 
children equally,' and names six sons and no daughters." 

W. S. M. N. 

CHAPTER IX 

20. Samuel Humphrey's will was made 8 September, 1761, and 
proved July 11, 1766. The Inventory shows his estate to have been 
valued at £159.10.8. 

In his will he mentions his eldest (living) daughter, Ruth Clapp, 
wife of David Clapp, his only child by his first wife then living ; his 
daughter Mary " Vann ", wife of Henry Vann ; and his unmarried 
daughters Elizabeth and Rachel. His homestead he devises to these 
four daughters in specific parts. 

November 11, 1763, Henry Vaughn mortgages twenty acres of 
land in Dedham to John Whiting. " Registry of Suffolk County," 
Book 100, p. 254. 



Notes 189 

CHAPTEB X 

21. See "Transactions of the Huguenot Society," Charleston, 
S. C, 1915, p. 32. Dr. Bulloch says here: "What names stand 
higher on the roll of honor than Godin, Guerard, Mazyck, Manig- 
nult, Kavenel, Porcher, DuBose, Petigru, Gaillard, Bacot, Gignilliat, 
Gibert, Marion, Horry, Huger, Moragne,Prioleau, and many others." 
Elsewhere in the same article Dr. Bulloch mentions many other 
names of eminent Huguenot families in the State, as for example 
De St. Julien, De Saussure, De Veaux, Legare, Le Serurier, Pelot, 
and Postell. 



INDEX 



INDEX 



Alston, Susan 83 

Amelia, Princess of England 

106 
Anderson, Caroline D. 117 
Andros, Edmund 156 
Anniball, Anna 188 
Arundell, 4, 23 

Jane 27 

John 24 

Marie 25 

Thomas 27 

Thomas, Sir 28 
Atherton, 143, 187 

Anna 188 

Consider 188 

Humphrey 135-137, 139, 161, 
168, 187, 188 

Isabel 187, 188 

Mary 135, 137, 139, 161, 163, 
168, 187, 188 

Athole, Earl of 128 

Aurelius, Marcus 154 
Austen, Jane 68 



Bacot, 



189 



Badlam, William 183 

Baillie, 128 

Baker, Elizabeth 138, 144, 145 

Baluet, Judith 150 

Bane, Donald, King of Scotland 

128 
Barrett, Addison 80 



Barrett, Marion Amanda 80 

Basset, 23 

Bath, Granville, John Earl of 29, 

30 
Bealer, Charles 104 
Bearrye, Anthony 27 

Elizabeth 27 
Beattie, Ann 39, 42 

Ann Elizabeth 38, 39, 42, 43 

George Francis Kinsey 38, 39, 
42,43 
Benedict, David 95 
Bent, Lemuel 183 
Bere, John 28 
Bevill or Beville 

4, 23, 24, 181 

Agnes 27 

Alfred Stephen 39, 44 

Amy 30, 41-51, 181 

Ann 30, 31,41-51,182 

Ann Elizabeth 38, 39, 42, 43 

Annie 38 

Bird 46 

Claborn 34 

Claiborne 49, 50 

Daniel 31, 182 

Daniel Earle 46 

Eliza 36 

Eliza W. 36 

Elizabeth 25-28, 30, 38 

Ellen 38 

Essex 30, 31,41-51, 182 



(193) 



194 



The Beville Family 



Bevill or Beville 
Etta M. 46 
Frances 32, 34, 38 
Frances Alethea 38 
George Granville 46 
Grace 27 

Granville 46-48, 51 
Henrietta 49, 50 
Henrietta Rudolph 38 
Henry Lafayette 38 
James 32, 34, 35 
Jane 27, 28 
Jemima 38, 39, 44, 45 
Johan 27 

Johannis see John 
John 23, 25-27, 30, 31, 41-51, 

182 
John Goldwire 34, 36 
John Rieves 38 
John, Sir 28, 29 
Joseph 32 
Julia 39, 44, 47, 48 
Lavina 36, 38, 39, 41-45, 123, 

176, 177 
Martha 30, 41-51 
Martha Jane 46 
Mary 27, 30, 36, 39, 41-45, 123, 

176, 177 
Mary Lavisy 38, 39, 41, 66, 70, 

87, 109, 123, 131, 139, 145, 

151, 157, 163, 169, 176, 177 
Matilda 25 
Mildred 39, 44 
Nancy 51 
Patience 46 
Patty 46 
Paul 32-36, 41-45, 123, 174, 

176, 177 
Paul Rudolph 34, 36 



Bevill or Beville 

Peter 25, 27 

Phillip 27, 29 

Reginald 23 

Robert 15, 31-33, 41-51, 174, 
182 

Robert Harper 38, 39, 44, 45 

Ruby 39, 44 

Sarah 32, 34,35, 41-51, 174,176, 
177 

Sarah Ann 36, 46-48 

Sarah Ford 34 

Sarah Jane 38 

Sarah Rebecca 38 

Scruggs 51 

Stephen Calfrey 38 

Stephen Pearce 34-39, 41-45, 
122, 123, 176, 177 

Susannah 49, 50 

Thomas 31, 182 

William 27, 32 

William, Sir 28 
Bevyll, see Bevill 
Bevyll, Ladye Jane 28 
Biddle, Bird 46 
Billings, Oliver 183 
Blake, James 137 

William 101 
Blue, James 79, 86 

Sarah Gignilliat 79, 86 
Bonheur, Rosa 17 
Bonnell, Sarah Ann 46-48 
Bonner, John 32 
Bowley, Rosabel 117 
Bowman, Jonathan 56, 183 
Brabant, Jean 149 
Bramston, Robert 104 
Brune, Charles Prideaux 24 
Bryan, George D. 104 



Index 



195 



Bryant, Lou Oliver 49 
Bulloch, Joseph Gaston Baillie 
93, 128, 149, 185, 189 

Martha 79 
Burns, Robert 134 
Butler, Amoiy 182 

Amy 30, 41-51, 181 

Ann 30, 41-51, 182 

Pierce, (Mrs.) 185 

Robert 182 

Thomas 182 

William 182 



Cahusac, 



151 



Candler, Allen D. 122 

Charles Granville 47 

Daniel Beville 47 

Dora 47 

Elizabeth 47 

Ezekiel Samuel 47, 48 

Julia 47, 48 

Julia Ada 47 

Julia Beville 48 

Lucy Alice 48 

Milton Asa 47 

Nancy Priscilla 47, 48 

Susan Hazlewood 48 
Capen, Bernard 155 

John 155 
Caperton, Leila 117 

Rose Anderson 117 

William Gaston 117 
Cardross, Erskine, Henry Baron 

of 105 
Carrington, Campbell 80 

Edward Codrington 80 
Carter, 84 

Marion 80 

Robert 80 



Cary, 



84 



Cavado, Adolphus 60 

Florence Marcella 66 
Channing, William Ellery 54 
Charles I, King of England 25, 

29 
Charles II, King of England 29 
Chisholm or Chisolm 

105, 129 

Alexander 127 

Edward de C 127 

Elizabeth 65, 78, 105-107, 109- 
112, 116, 128, 131 

Frederick A. 127 

John 106, 128, 131 

Julian F. 127 

Narcissa 127 

Roderick 127 

Thomas 128 

Wiland de 128 

William Garnett 127, 187 
Christian, R. H. 117 

Rosa Anderson 117 
Claiborne, Leonard 174 

Martha 30 

William 174 
Clapp or Clap 

David 138, 184, 188 

Ebenezer 143, 155, 167 

Jane 137, 161, 163 

Roger 155, 161 

Ruth 138, 188 
Cocknell, Nathaniel 83 

Rebecca S3 
Coleman, F. Woodrow 89 

Xannie 89 
Collins, S8 

Eva Harrison 88 
Colson, William 32, 33, 35 



196 



The Beville Family 



Cooke, Aaron 155-157, 167 

George 136 

Joanna 155 

Miriam 137, 155, 157, 167, 169 
Cooper, 105 

Anthony Ashley 107 

Charles 73 

Charles M. 64 

Charles P. 63 

Elizabeth 150 

James G. 63 

James Gignilliat 61, 73 

Jane Pharaba 61-63, 73 

John 150 

Mary 73 

Pharaba Jane see Jane Pharaba 

Susan Marion 106, 116 
Coppinger, Jose", Don 182 
Crawford, Lola 49 
Crichton, Prances Alethea 38 

John W. 38 
Cromwell, Oliver 173 
Cullen, James Barrett 38 

Sarah Rebecca 38 

Culpepper, 84 

Custis, 84 

Daly, Susannah 49, 50 
Dargan, Elizabeth 82 
Davis, Jefferson 66 
Dawson, Thomas 104 
De Beville, see Bevill 
De Chisholm, see Chisholm 
De Gignilliat, see Gignilliat 

De l'Ard, 128 

De L'Isle, see L'Isle de 

De Saussure, 105, 189 

De Saussys, see De Saussure 
De St. Julien, 189 



De Veaux, 



189 



De Ville, Mary 149 
Denison, Daniel 135 
Dexter, Samuel 183 
Dodd, Charles Squire 79, 86 

Jane Evylyn 79, 86 
Drake, Francis, Sir 25 

Du Bose, 189 

Du Pre - , Cornelius 149 

Jean 149 

Mary Magdalen 149 

Dunain, 128 

Duncan, Nathaniel 167 

Edward I, King of England 23 
Edwards, 4 

Morgan 93-95 
Effingham, Rhoda 55, 59, 61, 65, 
70-73, 139, 145, 157, 163, 169 
Elizabeth, Queen of England 24, 

26 
Emerson, Ralph Waldo 38, 92 
Evans, Clement A. 122 
Evelyn, Sarah 149 
Everett, 4 

, Capt. 33 



Fairfax, 



84 



Fales, Eliphalet 183 
Fenwick, Charlotte 122 

Edward 122 
Ford, 157 

Thomas 155 
Fortescue, 23 



Foster, 
Fraser, 



143 
127, 128 



Fuller, Hubert Bruce 182 

John 183 
Furman, Wood 95 



Index 



197 



Gaillard, 189 

Gamie, Isadore V. 64 
Gano, John 95 
Garnett, 34 

Frances 34 

Paul Bevill 34 
Gaulding, A. A. 79, 86 

Sarah Gignilliat 79, 86, 150 
Geddings, Eli 150 

Laura 150 
George I, King of England 127 
George II, King of England 181 
George III, King of England 3, 
106 

Gibert, 189 

Gignilliat, 78, 83, 86-89, 105, 

189 

Abraham 149 

Ann H. 150 

Benjamin 150 

Charles 150 

Charlotte 149, 150 

Elizabeth 149, 150 

Esther 149-151 

Gabriel 150, 151 

Gilbert 149 

Henry 149-151 

James 105, 114, 115, 149, 150 

Jane 149 

Jean Francois 149-151 

John 149 

John May 150 

Judith 128, 150 

Margaret Pepper 150 

Mary 149 

Mary Ann 150 

Mary Magdalen 149 

Sarah Catharine 105, 114, 115, 
117, 150 



Gignilliat, Sarah Catharine Pelot 
114, 115, 150 

Sarah Evelyn 150 

Susanne 149-151 

Gilbert, 23, 26 

Gill, John 100 
Gilman, Louisa 113 

Godin, 189 

Godolphin, 23 

Goffe, William 155 
Gorton, Samuel 136 
Granville, 4, 23, 30 

Bernard, Sir 25, 28, 29 

Bevill 181 

Beville, Sir 25, 29 

Carteret, John Earl of 29, 181 

Elizabeth 25, 28 

Matilde 25 

Kichard, Sir 25, 29 

Koger 24, 25, 29 
Green or Greene 

121,123 

Catharine 59 

Hannah 123 

Nathaniel 59, 122 
Greneffelde, Matilde 25 
Grenville, see Granville 
Grey, Richard 104 
Grimball, John 102 
Gross, Ann 174 

Hannah 176 

Samuel David 175 

Guerard, 189 

Guerin, 105 

Hale, 4 

Edward Everett 33 
Hall, Susan Marion 79, 86 

Tudor Tucker 79, 86 



198 



The Beville Family 



Hamer, see Harmer 
Harmer, Josiah 58 
Harris, David 33 
Sarah 33 

Harrison, 84, 105, 106 

Alexander 81 
Anne 82, 83 
Benjamin 78, 80, 82, 86 
Burr 81-83 
Burton (Mrs.) 181 
Camilla 80 
Caroline 78, 86 
Charity 80 
Charlotte 80 
Cuthbert 81, 82 
Dorcas 80 
Dorean 83 

Eliza Chisholm Pelot 65, 70-72, 
79, 86, 87, 109-111, 131, 139, 
145,151, 157, 163,169 
Elizabeth 65, 82, 83 
Ephraim 182 
Francis 83 
Hannah 77 
Henry 80, 83 
Horace Jesse 65, 78, 79, 86-89, 

107, 109-111, 116, 131, 151 
Horace Nephew 79, 80, 86 
James 80 
Jane 79, 86 
Jane Evylyn 86 
John 83 
Jonathan 83 
Kate 83 

Marion Amanda 80 
Mary 77, 82, 86-89 
Mary Amanda 79, 86 
Mary Martha 65, 78, 86-89, 107, 
109-111,116, 131,151 



Harrison, Mary Kebecca 80 
Mikell 83 
Mordecai 83 
Nancy 82 
Narcissa 83 
Kandolph 80 
Kebecca 79, 83, 86 
Eobert 65, 182 
Sally 83 

Samuel 65, 78, 86, 182 
Sarah 82 
Sarah Gignilliat 79, 86, 88, 89, 

150 
Sophy 83 
Susan 81, 83 
Susan Marion 79, 86 
Susannah 82 

Thomas 77, 81-83, 86-89, 94 
William 78, 81-83, 86-89, 150, 
151 
Hart, Nancy 82 

Oliver 77, 93-95 
Harting, Archibald 94 
Hawley, Sarah 82 
Hazelvvood, Nancy Priscilla 47,48 
Head, Susan 83 

William 83 
Hearn, Michael 64 
Hemans, Felicia Dorothea 22 

Hickman, 88 

Eva Harrison 88 
Leila Alice 88 
Mary Alice 88 
Hill, Benjamin 12 

Ch. M. Hill 35 
Holliday, J. S. 89 

Lula 89 
Hopkins, Francis 78 
Horry, 189 



Index 



199 



Hudson, 



16 



Sarah 15, 46-51 

Huger, 189 

Hull, 79 

John 187 
Humphrey, Elizabeth 137, 138, 
143-145, 188 

Frances 143, 145 

Hannah 184 

Hopestill 143-145 

James 143-145, 184 

Jane 161 

Jonas 143, 145, 161 

Mary 55-57, 70-73, 137, 139, 
144, 145, 157, 163, 169, 184 

Kachel 137, 138, 144, 184, 188 

Euth 138 

Samuel 56, 137, 139, 144, 145, 
157, 163, 169, 184, 188 

Sarah 143 

Susan 143 

Jackson, Michael 57 
Jarvis, Ann 39, 42 

Ann Elizabeth 38, 39, 42, 43 

Arthur Tedcastle 39, 43 

Blanche 39 

Harry Lee 39 

James Henry 38, 39, 42, 43 
Jeflerd, Simon 183 
John, King of England 187 
Johnson, Edward 136 

John 58 

Kate 83 

Mary Eebecca 80 

Samuel 83 

W. F. 80 
Jones, Annie 38 

Kemble, Frances Anne 185 



Kempe, James 24 
Kendall, Agnes 27 

Walter 27 
Kennedy, 88 

Leila Alice 88 

Killigrew, 23 

Killiowe, Johan 27 
King, 105 

Alexander 114 

Clifford 114 

Clifford Stiles 150 

Edward Postel 114 

Gadsden 114, 150 

Habersham 49 

Mitchell 114 

Eebecca 49 

Knockfin, 128 

Krouse, Bessie 89 

J. A. 89 

Lafayette, Marie Jean Paul Mar- 
quis de 3, 82, 122 
Lanier, 4, 36, 121, 123 

Hannah 123 

Lewis 33 * 

Sidney 33, 120, 121 
Lawson, Sarah P. 80 

Lee, 84 

Leeds, 143 

Benjamin 167 

Joan 167, 169 

Joseph 137, 139, 155, 157, 161, 
163, 167-169 

Mary 56, 137, 139, 144, 145, 
157, 161, 163, 168, 169, 184 

Miriam 137, 155, 157, 167-169 

Eichard 167, 169 

Legare, 189 

Leger, Elizabeth 149 



200 



The Beville Family 



Le Serurier, 



189 



Elizabeth 149 

Jacques 149 

Susan ne 149-151 
Lipsey, Ann 36 

Lavina 36, 38, 39, 41-45, 123, 
176, 177 

William 36 
L'Isle, Asselia Gaschet de 49 
Lucas, John 34 
Lundy, Abraham 32 

Eliza 36 

Thomas 32 

William 36 
Lynch, Haisley 39, 45 

Louis C. 39, 45 

Mary 39, 45 
Lyson, 24 

Macaulay, Thomas Babington 92 
MacDonnell, 105 

Alan 107, 112 

Alexauder Harrison 107, 112 

Ann E. 107, 112 

Braxton Bragg 66, 72, 110 

Donald 66, 72, 110 

Fernando Donald 107, 112, 116 

George N. 107, 112 

Henry Russell 107, 112 

Jane 110 

Lillian B. 107, 112 

Margaret R. 107, 112 

Mary 149 

Sarah Bulia 107, 112, 116 

Susan Jane 66, 72 

Sydney Johnston 66, 72, 110 

Thaddeus A. 66, 72, 110 

Mackintosh, 129 

Macon, Dorean 83 



Macon, Hartwell 83 
Maine, Judith 128, 150 

William 128, 150 

Manignult, 189 

Mar, Erskine, John Earl of 127 
Marion, 189 

Benjamin 150 

Esther 149-151 

Francis 149 

Judith 150 
Massey, Joseph 104 
Masters, J. W. (Mrs.) 127 
Mather, 143 

Richard 143, 161 
Mathews, John Goldwire 35 

Paul Bevill 34 
Mayhew, Thomas 167 
Maxwell, 105 

Jane E. 107, 116 
May, Benjamin 82 

Mary 82 

Mazyck, 189 

McCall, 4 

McDonald, 128 

Mcintosh, 4, 128 

Jane 149 
McKenzie, 128 



McKinney, Elizabeth 47 

McLean, 128 

McLelland, 83 

Anne 83 
McMillan, Archie Harrison 89 

Bessie 89 

Harry C. 89 

Janie Harrison 89 

Jennie Alice 89 

Jesse Ora 89 

John C. 89 

John Campbell 89 



Index 



201 



McMillan, Lillian May 89 

Lula 89 

Nannie 89 

Robert K. 89 

William Vernon 89 
McRae, Ellen 38 

Frances 38 
Meade, William 31, 83, 84, 185 
Messrs, Elizabeth 27 

Henry 27 

Merrill, 78 

Miller, Andrew J. 59 

Catharine 59 

Nathaniel 32 

Pharaba 59 

Phineas 59 

Stephen D. 59 

Thomas Harvey 59 
Mills, 4 

Mary 36, 122, 123 

William 37, 182 
Mobley, Martha Jane 46 

Patience 46 

Moragne, 189 

Myllytuu, Elizabeth 26 

Negroes : 
Amy 100 
Ben 186 
Bud 13 
Cuffee 100 
Dembo 102 
Dove 13 
Frank 12, 13 
Harriet, Mammy 9-11 
John 12 
Jones 13, 14 
Mary 16 
May 9 



Negroes: 

Nancy 7, 100 

Nelly 100 

Patty 63 

Pompey 100 

Primiss, Daddy 15 

Rose 100 

Sam 13 

Valentine 34 

Billups, Ellen 13, 14 

Boiling, Alice 13-15 
Sam 13-15 

Harrison, Ellen 15 
Nelson, Thomas Forsythe 181 
Nephew, 105 

Caroline Clifford 117 

James 105, 117, 149 

Mary Magdalen 149 

Sarah Catharine 105, 117 
Newman, Albert Henry 94 
Newton, Catharine Ann 117 

H. 117 
Noberta, Manuella 66, 71, 111 
Nowlan, Ann E. 107, 112 
Nuttall, Julia Riddiough 67, 68 

Peter Austin 67, 68 

Oglethorpe, James Edward 106 
Oliver, Dorcas 80 

Ida Claiborne 49 

James 49 

James Harrison 80 

Marion 80 

Sarah P. 80 

Thaddeus 80 

William 80 

Orkney, Earl of 128 

Owen, Narcissa 127 

Robert L. 127 



202 



The Beville Family 



Paine, Anderson 10 
Parm enter, Benjamin 94 

John 104 
Parson, J. 28 
Pearce or Pierce 

4 

Capt. 58 

Charlotte 122 

Hannah 123 

Joshua 3, 121-123 

Mary 36, 41-45, 122, 123, 176, 

177 
Stephen 3, 33, 36, 121-123, 182 
William 121, 122 

Pelot, 189 

Benjamin 100, 101, 105 
Catharine 99, 102, 103, 105, 

109-117, 150 
Catherine, see Catharine 
Charles 65, 100-102, 105, 106, 

113 
Elizabeth 65, 78, 105, 106, 109- 

112, 116, 128, 131 
Elizabeth Chisholm 107 
Francis 77, 78, 93-96, 98, 103- 

105, 109-117, 150, 186 
James 78, 100-102, 105-107, 

109-112, 116, 128, 131, 182 
Jane E. 107, 116 
Jean 109-117 
John 100-103, 105 
John Francis 106, 116, 182 
Jonas 109-117 
Joseph Sealy 107, 116 
Martha 78, 105, 109-117 
Mary A. Chisholm 65 
Mary Martha 65, 78, 86-89, 107, 

109-111, 116, 131, 151 
Mary Susanna 113 



Pelot, Samuel 100-102, 105, 116 

Samuel G. 107 

Sarah Bulia 107, 112, 116 

Sarah Catharine 105, 114, 115, 
117, 150 

Sarah Julia 113 

Susan Marion 106, 116 

Susanna 105 

Thomas 186 
Pepper, Dr. 149 

Charlotte 149 

Sarah 149 

Perrin, 105 

Pessacus (Indian), 136 

Petigru, 189 

Petit, 23 

Pierce, see Pearce 
Pitts, John J. 35 

Plutarch, 76 

Pomeroye, Mary 27 

William 27 
Pons, Aubray Canova 71, 111 

Aurilla 66, 71, 111 

John Daniel Horace 71, 111 

Rilla, see Aurilla 

Sydney 66, 71, 111 

Sydney Scott 71, 111 
Porcher, 105, 189 

Francis James 113 

Francis Yonge 113, 115, 150 

Louisa 113 

Louisa G. 113 

Sarah Julia 113 

Susan 115 

Susanna 150 

Wilmot D. 113 
Postel or Postell 

105, 189 

Charles 150 



Index 



203 



Postell, Clifford 114 

Clifford Stiles 10 

Edward 114, 115, 150 

Elizabeth 150 

Jane Eliza 150 

Julia Porcher 150 

Laura Edwards 150 

Mary Susanna 113 

Sarah Catharine Pelot 114, 11 
150 

Sarah Margaret 150 

Susan 115 

Susanna 105, 150 
Prideaux, 23 

Edward 24 

Humphrey 27 

Johan 27 

Prioleau, 189 

Purse, C. C. 49, 50 

Elizabeth 50 

Henrietta Beville 49, 50 

Koberta 50 
Putnam, Eben 188 

Ragsdale, James 83 

Narcissa 83 
Rain, Elizabeth 38 
Raleigh, Walter, Sir 25 

Rathboue, 107, 116 

Ravenel, 189 

Rivers, Thomas 103 
Roberts, Oliver Ayer 188 

Rogers, 105 

Rollo, Duke of Normandy 24 
Roosevelt, Martha 79 

Theodore 79 

Roscarrick, 23 

Rudolph, Eliza 36 
Runnell, Dorean 83 



Runnell, James 83 
Russell, Lillian B. 107, 112 
William 63 

Schley, Julian 186 
Schroggs, see Scruggs 
Scott, Aurilla 66, 71, 111 

Mary Elizabeth 66, 71, 111 

Pattie 46 

Rilla, see Aurilla 

Walter, Sir 126 

Warren 66, 71, 111 
Screven, Catharine 105, 109-117 

William 105 
Scroggs, see Scruggs 
Scruggs, 173 

Ann 33, 174-177 

Gross 176 

Hannah 176 

Henry 173, 174, 176 

Martha 176 

Richard 33, 173-177 

Sarah 33-35, 41-45, 174, 176, 
177 

William H. 35 

Seaforth, Earl of 128 

Sealy, Hannah 77, 105 

John 105 

Joseph 99, 105 

Martha 78, 105, 109-117 
Sherman, William Tecumseh 3 
Simmons, Jemima 38, 39, 44, 45 
Sisson, Ann 33, 175-177 

Richard 175 

Thomas 175, 177 

William 175-177 
Slaughter, Etta M. 46 

James Edward 46 
Small, Susan Hazlewood 48 



204 



The Beville Family 



Small, Wm. E. 48 
Smith, Edward 81 

Henrietta Rudolph 38 

Hezekiah 95 

Louis 38 
Snell, Frances Lavinia 39 

Hamlin Valentine 38, 39 

Mary Lavisy 38, 39 

William Hamlin 39 
Snow, Isaac 79, 86, 88, 89 

Janie Harrison 89 

Mary Alice 88 

Sarah Gignilliat 79, 86, 88, 89 
Somerville, Kebecca 79, 86 
Spalding, Randolph 185 

Thomas 185 

St. Aubyn, 23 

St. Leger, 30 

Stanard, William G. 81, 82, 185 

Stephens, Mr. 94 

Stewart, George 64 

Stiles, Caroline Clifford 117 

Caroline D. 117 

Catharine Ann 117 

Eugene West 117 

Henry R. 156 

Joseph C. 117 

Josephine Clifford 117 

Leila 117 

Mary Evelyn 117 

Randolph 117 

Robert Augustus 117 

Rosa Anderson 117 

Rosabel 117 
Stillman, Samuel 95 
Stoll, Catharine 105, 109-117, 
150 

Justinius 105 
Stoughton, William 166 



Strathern, 
Strobahr, - 



-Earl of 128 

-49 

Asselia Gaschet 49 
Cecil 49 
Garnett 49 
Henrietta 49, 50 
Henrietta Beville 50 
Henry J. 49, 50 
Ida Claiborne 49 
Lola 49 
Lou Oliver 49 
Noble 49 
Rebecca 49 

Sullivan, Dr. 65 

Elizabeth S. 65 
Swift, Franklin Gregory 48 
Julia Beville 48 

Tayloe, 84 

Tedcastle, Agnes Beville 41, 67, 
70, 87, 109, 123, 131, 139, 
145, 151, 157, 163, 169, 176, 
177 
Arthur White 41, 67, 68, 70, 87, 
109, 123, 131, 139, 145, 151, 
157, 163,169, 176,177, 186 
Julia Riddiough 67-69 
William Porteus 67-69 
Temple, William, Sir 166 
Tennyson, Alfred 25 
Thompson, Christopher 83 

Sophy 83 
Tileston, Thomas 155 
Tindall, Edward 69 

Florence 69 
Tomlins, Edward 135 

Topliff , 143 

Tregomynion, 23 



Tremayne, 



23 



Index 



205 



Trewent, 



23 



Tupper, H. A. 187 
Tyler, Sally 83 

Van Zandt, Nicholas Biddle 57 
Vaughan, Vaughn or Vann 

105 

Agnes Beville 10, 14, 39, 41, 

66, 67, 70, 87, 109, 123, 131, 

139, 145, 151, 157, 163, 169, 

176, 177 
Daniel 15, 61-63, 65, 66, 70-72, 

79,86,87,109-111, 131,139, 

145, 151, 157, 163, 169 
Daniel Francis 66 
Eliza 62 
Eliza Chisholm Pelot 15, 65, 

66, 70-72, 79, 86, 87, 109-111, 

131, 139, 145, 151, 157, 163, 

169 
Elizabeth 56, 65,70-73,183,184 
Elizabeth S. 65 
Ella Virginia 66 
Florence Marcella 66 
Franklin Decatur 66 
Henry 55-57, 70-73, 137-139, 

144, 145, 157, 163, 169, 183, 

184, 188 
Horace 62 

Horace Daniel 66, 71, 111 
Horace Glanville 66 
Jane 62, 110 
John 55-61, 63-65, 70-73, 106, 

137, 139, 144, 145, 157, 163, 
169, 182-185 
John D. see John 
John Daniel see John 
John James 15, 38, 41, 66, 67, 
70, 87, 109, 123, 131 ,139, 145, 
151, 157, 163, 169, 176, 177 



Vaughan, Manuella 66, 71, 111 
Mary 55, 57, 62, 70-73, 137- 

139, 144, 145, 157, 163, 169, 

183, 188 
Mary A. Chisholm 65 
Mary Elizabeth 66, 71, 111 
Mary Lavisy 38, 39, 41, 66, 70, 

87, 109, 123, 131, 139, 145, 

151, 157,163, 169, 176,177 
May 62 

Pharaba Jane 61, 73 
Rachel 137, 144, 184 
Rhoda 55, 59-61, 65, 70-73, 

139, 145, 157, 163, 169 
Susan Jane 66, 72 
Susannah 184 
William 61-63 
Vyell, Grace 27 
William 27 



Wales, 



143 



Isabel 187, 188 

John 187, 188 

Mary 135, 139, 187, 188 

Nathaniel 187, 188 
Walker, Margaret R. 107, 112 
Washington, 84 

George 2, 3, 121, 122, 185, 187 
Weekes, 143 

George 137, 161, 163 

Jane 137, 161, 163 

Joseph 137, 139, 161, 163, 168 

Mary 137, 139, 157, 161, 163, 
168, 169 
Whalley, Edward 155 
White, George 33 

Henry 35 
Whiting, John 138, 188 
Wiley, John 57 



206 



The Beville Family 



Willetts, Agnes Beville 39, 42 

Anne 39, 42 

Arthur Tedcastle 39, 42 

Ernest Ward 39, 42 
Williams, Charity 80 

David 95, 103 

Koger 155 

Sarah 15, 46-51 
Wilson, Joseph Buggies 79 

Woodrow 79, 80 

Withington, 143 

Wolcott, Elizabeth 155 

Henry 155 



Wolcott, Joanna 155 

Simon 155 
Wordsworth, William 134, 142, 
148, 172 

Wyche, 30 

Wylly, Charles Spalding 4 

Yerkes, Jonathan 44 

Julia 44 
Young, Henry 79, 86 

Mary Amanda 79, 86 

Buby 39, 44 



Notes 207 



208 Notes 



Notes 209 



210 Notes 



Notes 211 



212 Notes 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

39999 06174 450 2