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Full text of "Bhugola Varnanam"

II 35 II Sft! H & II 

I>esys8oe>fcs 



) 07 C8 23 

^? arf a d^,, 3 
t3o ri^jsda-560 028. 

1991 




Expansion of "OMKARA" 




" Meru Mountain" with Brahma's abode at the top. 




-^ 




This book is published with the financial assistance 
of Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams under their scheme 
"Aid to publish religious books.' 



^e a. ts^cio-aoSciKi siousar -^siSocS 

Purana Vijnana Mandira, 41/1A, III Cross, III Block. 

Thyagarajanagara, Bangalore-560 028. 



First Edition 1,000 Copies, 1991 




A-H-nfhts reserved 



Pr'icfe Rs. 3O/- 



snu Printers, Thyagarajanagar, Bangalore-28. 



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PREFACE 

jblf Prof: 1C T. Pa/ldUrangi, former Professor of Sans- 
krit. Bangalore University : President, Mythic Society, 
Bangalore ) 

I had the pleasure of reading the English summary of 
Bhugola Varnanam of Sri Vadiraja Tirtha, prepared by 
Sri V. Badarayana Murthy. He has also added a long 
introduction to this work which incorporates the gist of the 
papers presented at the seminar on cosmogony and cosmo- 
graphy organised by him in Bangalore during August 1987. 

This volume has two purposes in view. 1. To make 
clear the concept and details of the Geography of 
the whole universe consisting of the fourteen lokas as 
described in Bhugola Varnanam by Sri Vadiraja Tirtha to 
such readers who do not know Sanskrit. 2. To elucidate 
this concept and details in terms of modern knowledge 
on this subject. 

It is natural that the two do not agree in all the 
details. One should not be in a hurry to reject either 
the traditional or the modern merely on this ground. 
Scientific enquiry knows no end. Modern science is still 
quite young and should have the ambrition to grow. Its 
experimental method is only one way of scientific enquiry. 
Our ancient seers probably had much superior methods 
of enquiry. They were able to cultivate ceratin mental 
faculties of man that could probe into the mysteries of 
the universe much deeper. 



Sri Vadiraja tirtha, the author of Bhugola Varnanam, 
was one such great seer of mystic powers. His Bhugola 
Varnanam was the outcome of both his direct vision of 
the structure of the universe through his mystic power 
and also his deep study of puranas that give the details 
of the universe. Therefore, modern screntists should take 
it as a guide to continue their enquiry further. Sri V. 
Badarayana Murthy has analysed the contents of this great 
work in a simple and clear manner. He has given modern 
equivalents of calculations of the locations of planets and 
distances, seas, worlds, etc., and this is very helpful to 
understand the ancient calculations. 

The gist of the seminar papers included in the intro- 
duction throws useful light on different aspects of this 
problem. It is heartening to note that many young scien- 
tists have handled the matter with an open mind and with 
convincing arguments. I appeal to senior scientists to 
overcome their prejudice that the Vedas and puranas 
contain unscientific and imaginary data and all this does 
not stand any scientific scrutiny. They must accept the 
fact that our ancient seers were more close to Nature and 
had different methods of enquiry other than the present 
day experimental method. But their conclusions are still 
available in our ancient literature and we must try to find 
the clues to understand them. If we are not able to read 
the script of certain ancient documents, we should not 
rush to the conclusion that these ancients had no language 
at all. Our branding of our ancient scientific thought as 
unscientific amounts to such an attitude. 

Sri V. Bedarayana Murthy has done well in bringing 
this great work on world Geography to the notice of 
modern scholars. The pictures and charts included by 
him have added to the usefulness of this volume. 

(Sd.) K. T. Pandurangi 



'If. Raghupathl Rao 

B.E., (Mech.) Hons.) Elec., 
INSTITUTE OF GITA STUDIES 
" Dharmaprakash " 
MADRAS -600 084 
12th August, 1989 

BHUGOLA VARNANAM 

Education after independence has taught us only to 
laugh at our ancient wisdom. The material Science which 
gets lion's share under Education, has no answer to human 
problems, for it does not accept that a man has a soul to 
save- 

Added is the bluff that is carried on vehemently that 
our earth has three motions. The first, it spins on its 
own axis. The second, it orbits round the sun. The 
third, it has precession. If we accept these motions for 
the earth, no life would be possible on this earth. 

Our ancient Scriptures hold that the earth is stationary. 
Not only that; it is just one of the fourteen (okas created 
by the Lord. Even though their truth is vouchsafed for 
us by the Lord, Himself, thanks to the doubts injected 
by Material Science, which is based on imperfect perce- 
ption and logic based on such faulty perception, even 
scripturally oriented people feel timid to project the views 
given by Scriptures. 

Shri V. Badarayana Murthy has made a life-long study 
of both the views. No one is asking anyone to accept 
this view or that view. But there is sufficient scope for 
further scrutiny on received knowledge which is paraded 
before our children. 

It is for the serious reader to consider the two views 
and arrive at his own conclusion. Saint Sri Vadiraia has 
given this work, so that the devotees of the Lord may 
see their way clearly. 

(Sd) K. RAGHUPATHI RAO 



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59 



d3, 



o o3js?rt d^i 
s wdwodo. go s^rf^^ 



d. Jjf OTaa 
>KQjo?irfdd ^jirf 



60 



aiodo a8ta$da 



H^d^j 9000 c&if 



27,00 



jirf 4000 ssad 
ado 31,000 narta^da. (31+23)= 540000 



S tooc^d as^d^) 16,000 o 
add tfjarfjOod (^^caood) rfa^ejj 8000 



rfoa^ ?)3sddo;3s$ aifricrastoF^d (2 + 2 + 
*fl&& Sofdo t?eodjaod BOT^ ri^rrf 

23000 c&oew^ock ^od'di o3j35ta^dodo 
riodootiwuo aS isJAin^d. iiod6, 
jjjd^ rislFri^ as^rf^ 9x3)-27000 c4neacJ:So!A, 
riii^ Joriraocrfirt^ as^d^i (2-2)=4000 oiraew 
?onsiH ado (^27 + 4) 31000 a^rti^jcSo. 50000 
(23 + 31) = 54000 rfoc3?A, tstio 



KS? ?o^ 

^oa^^^^osDrf^F 

eA^^e ?o d;o ad.dio^,235 



erutf 
62 



72,000 &oG> ^sl^ s^d 

rte^ wu 



BJOVII 

IU085II 
IUOk.ll 



{^ AicrijaajSi-^ortn^w Hjoa.il 

FwO)S3 SOJOFoijS? O^ ^^^JooM^S I 



63 



W33dF^. add ero^ti 
9000 o3jseta?5 ana.d^^n 



d^F^^) ^orins?'' *iozojdi. esrfja tfjad ^prfF 
^ g***oacj^ $^& sdr^^o^ ^ 
. eriodd; so;3e end. -a a ^)d dja, 




'Ground plan of Jambudvip 



o% add 



rt,3o. odd ; 4creesrW s^ssd 79 
doo^od atssd. 

iUj sjrfos zodo 



jj. add 

jprfdg d^ea rfrfood,, sioJjFo^ sd^do^do tjsdrfsteF, -add 
d 9000 Ojjsew^ (60 s>ad ^e add 96 asad o-dja? 
dnsd eoea?ia s^odo zSoacioi ejol3 
-addO dodsa 



OWJS c^e^d ^^yja 3 s 
eo^ as^ds^d odra ^doodj 2 dja s 
wsrid, s^o^ ?rarid rfo^ ero^d 



a e 
65 



i n -i -1 ) 



F w -5 C u 



o e F 

r^ - ?" 



t>6 



II.SS.OII 
IIJ5S.nl! 

ll_3ajl! 



ejs^eijsr\034!.o; ^js^.iif3t'j?--o iLsatii 

Ko^jja^e'jw^i rtOs^derfo -a^^di wrJra ?odiirijr*,^?ii^;rii. 

a^ijrteCbj'iJS Suoaci 8^vo3^?is5J Ss_.dS7.r\3o::2r;.j. dd 

Ji. w sirii^rftSi sS^rfoaiiSirfi ^.ge^frf; arid a^j 



67 



ertod da^dwdjQod a^d^ wdorfo^zS. &* O rf 
adddssij o^dneifs P&J^OJS -ado^d;* sasa e ; ada 
SiT^daDdido ; ariw 32 o^ oSJseK^. esS^ OTTO d^d 
rfwrfjrf) esd^ ^ci^dodo ^S. 'add ^ddd^a^d 
eorffl, 64 o^ oSfleacJas^dOTftdi^cJi ^^,d a jj, 
^dsei^ ?io^e)js ^aiF^a^ndo^jrfj EicitSja ^d^ (&$fl?d^) 
. esdd eSjsdd cofdi (^rar) sija^i; add ^o^^js 
?ioadc^do 
di 7.7 



; wsd^ as^d^rido^)^. wowjaa ?sjd jpid^ 
^ ^rfaFi|{ 1 ft5QdrMlj^Gl4 , oiodd, -afi 



wri^rirfrcJ dj{4diorfd s^rfr^d ^o^d t^rtcrawdd UOUA 
. 'add d, ^d 100 . oiKi ; a^d- noo 
i. 'add t 



o trf&a^fl. 
eojTia ?d oioto 



ad,sj 



(?doowd esqto e^dad) cofdtf 
Se^ri^o sats^ 
^o ($dorid 



?jorfcsF tfstoerfik 
eO ?odo wsonTOsdd s 



diQd, ^^ 5 da rfo^ ^fdrv 
t?dd, wsSe^dd wccfja dsSri^o Sod 

o^rf{ adi ji add 




IIJRtfH 

69 



[ 3rfj-^ rficcts^d KI_, -u r^e^e :;,'rf rius^tfo-osc 
djsc^^ri ^ja-.{ ,c5.^ ^rc^e-^irfj, ?j^r. J e.'jse?;r,s j r^-.^o^od 

^jsrid?, wa^-'srfdo ccjs^ci^do tfo^o w;iri,rfo. -ds ^^ 



70 



re -*? ? 

~" J f 'DO 
- r r e'j 



o, sdaala, 3crfa?i 
ric3?oo:> 



. erfd, o 



wo arf^t^^do 



creSrte rfoo^rWa ; s^i 
72 



?ocj;grf$( end. ^0^0*0 t 
sfcfyjfc dtSpafa 5Jg3jSl). 



. & aji^rt^o 
odisJ, rf^p ^ow ssort eosir!v w ja 



rfoi j3?d ^d rf^oroitj^dd adl^rts 
a^ ?Js?s}a9r\aSAfl, 

tag,;!. -ado ^odo 



I 

o lUMi.ii 



JBih, sSaeOdirf qi^d rfjorf 
S, 10,000 o&n{id ^^ddrfdrt, 

. e 

, ?ioorfd 



, ^oj j 



^cto. "srfj ^js^oodw^ |jja?od so 
^rfo ^ocSi 2oz3o3o? eS{^c3. -and sij^*?3 9.5100000 
(9,51,00000 x fi. 06 ^o,0; dowodj rfowS ^s?di z 



^srtu. as^^oio 2315 5^0! 
edi ^dort ^js 
as roc^ 



i, ztootoFddd 

75 



^rio & dqirttia 



4^ ? esqsrf, SooS? B^aod !odd 

rfoodrtiodojs ^?rt ^tjjgsreri^^ ? w 

erfd ^^53 tStflofcoiSt ^crio23e^o. riiBBS^^i Kto^, -aft? 



76 



. w rfqJSj atio^do 
,^1 doctor 



^fa 

od a^s^rts?^ tSt-rto^cSi. wdo 
oa! Sjjoaia^rkda^cii. toodaod 



Soso^jsd doj*FOM 
9 $&$ 51 w^ oiae 



^jjwo^^j If^, eros^, dod^do s^wri^ci woo&rtorfo3 rforodo^d 
Ood j * 9iw^^ 

ado ' 



77 



d 3?g3-5>i>&-rio$dF-2jd d 



? wsudi^rf; 2odo 

gS^usdida. 

ss)fi. stw 



gj,2psrfaod jdoriod trsa 
a ad, g^rf. ss 3jl3 rl, z 



9,51,00000x6.00 da^Orttfa iod as?n?o&i^. ^ 
a,ts^ 9,50,00000 rfijOriv^a ^oOTrta^jda, 'ada daeda 



djsda 9^ ^js(!3 da^fDrtea iod 
78 



, 50 ? 



^j^oiaFdqs, add 
dja 30^3-3 A crfara ( ^ 



79 



;3?dtrii'&jrt^ nsoioJ,?, 
, s3<d riio^rl 
tadrvd. udodood a^rtCrt Jask tfaefcdrW 
ioado rfs^Fd 5>oJiFo^ Juo;3c adnsh t? 
, 360 arfrf 



asS ( 'ad. 'asj^' 



j. j 

?^ a,(^ ad djs ?sa OJJSAS; ^odd esd 

a o a<^ 



s ado ^c^ 

a (s{ srart ! 
; "ad t 



-add sijs^d toodo ^#rt ^oioidc) 24 
(12x60--- 30) 



21 *rt (24> |)= BO ?:*, eq& 

Fa oi>d rffdn^sida^ia^crfo. (^rtex>--= 12 ^o& 
<aow sOcSoSw -as tfodo woacS.) 



sw^drfsdorfriort, 
oa^rt'^S rfo^osoo 



^ s&/frti^)di. 
Soado d^rarf radi o^ 



34,00800 o3ja?a^^^ totitF^ d$^ 
jd sSerf&jO^ ad?rt, ^s Ofioijah ad 
ap^pad^ 8, 16, -20,000 o3jJ?K5iri^ ^jS^dosari^cfc. 
4aiWFo$aJi * 3?f,rf3 ^Oj tfESdaofood) Acrfiz3{wo. (34,00 
800x24 = 8,16.19,200 = 9,16,200000) 2ood w;i?d 9,51 
00000 oS 



as ^f* 
^ siodj 

^>racrf^rdi|i^ 5 adjca 



?3, 90, 
. add 



^dossan riwW^a^^ ; 
jsjW) ^^ a^S. a 
a aq^d 2oodraeys>od 



ddrf^^oiwr! rrados^j ^ 

53^^ DSj*do3, 
dorfo^eS risl^ 



,5L,OOooo oSjaeKfin^ndo , add 
8,16/20,000 o3jietJ?Sd^ rfn^ ?Jo^o 



84 



frt-koda s-ssd riw s/ud^riod, n 
rra&fi riozssd rfoSo^ra^sJ toc5o 
:- 500 riwris&j djs 
. esrf 10 ^ao^ feaoa^i ^^?K>. art 



esi^aoXirf djjcS-f.500 riw undo^fSoi^d ? esddol, 8,16,200 
oSjaeK5^> 9,51,000 o 
80000 oSjiStt^rtv^ ^j 



sdortsi^nsri, esrf 



^ & ?j ^ 



30 sozlrt^ oi3jsodi oBScrfici^ 2* Orf^rt^Q 



dqid E^ ^jacrfoF-dqid jrfqJ.*jO^ 2o 
odo tp^riTi^ 4o^cdg ^?*z3. 

85 



id^ dni, kaAnorirfdo 'Jdri spsrtrf^d s 
stoa*ft:3 aBjtSddo, AflobFji x& zodo eg oSjs 

s?jaen 



s en)5jOss7) ffl 3 r o^oSjaew^^i wvjj 
rirf^rf OT^, 'rt^' iiorfd *dfi9, 



wrfca 

^do^) 
2-3 S 



z3?5J3odo 



o&flocfc rf^r kSoiw^do. escS? o?3odrer\ 
c^ eitfjSiJtea $?>rtj3D5jj adttddo rfsslr bSlcxki^ck- 



<^O'3 



, w Jjrf-^d ;3i?;3Qjw9 



?ioi:3. w Ijas3 (a^d ) rfj^ 



e^rarfiorfo rfa^j, gj^savsa djs^ 
waS^, OToioitfjsrf.F - 'a^dd J3^rf 
erand. zjJjarfj^a dttc^ris 1 ^ ^rf^ 
do^cSj ari A Krt^o ^jsdo^d i^rtsJoWodJ, esddo do.^dorfdi 



sin a 3 e$F. riod 
aotoodi sa^ofor. stS? 
sS. 3s 



a^ndrf 



90,000 
10,000 o3J3?K^rf 3tffi) >sid3 



90 



71% j 



^rljCSe)^ o3jafrto25^5S.erf rfja^oaF^^za^s I 

cO rfoorfo^o^ 10,000 



W 1-pedtf 
uc^rf rij 



510 rf esqid ^oc^jiorf ^rfi^^zl^ wdo^ ^deart^sS^ 
eqSrf t^odJ wc^d wdran^od rfwiS cs^ri ssqterc, 
rf^es s 






aodid orra 

rt V3 

c^^o^s *^f dogs SiOgj o I 



S^BO^O rt^srf, g 

yd died 30 ug oSJSfw^d 
320 $e ^e^aod edFnBria^d. 
dd sJ^rttf ^diorljs ^rf sfcodetoj sidod ^?riw odo 
o3v?tsfSrt^ ao^d ada^rtci^ 



328 3{ 



Ood, 



. add difd, 20 ug o3J5f 
. ^ fJ^rt^o rf^&Frt^cS 
do^ d?rioJj3^riii?odJ5, es 



?od do djad 
^J5?I3 as 
esrfdo ^ajqSdns^rt^p^ ^ioes^os^, wfi wrt 



od 



(rlido). 



53oe3 



5!. 



o' iiou d, -a 

^^ wd 
, ado 'a^ 



o. rf rf 



94 



d^Otf sre^rtiM z& aSja(d;3<>r\d;>^)dOo 
rfora^. jJri^ d d & oaaod, erodotoa^ 



, ado ^rt rf^J g 



edd 
^o^sj ^ 
^waoido. wdodoocs, 



^o5d Q do. wdd, 



, djsj3i(o3ci cK(jdoaz3 ^odi ^^o^LO^Xjdd^. esrfd ^fo^oJ 
96 



si sfcdg saestwd 



SO^F sioara.^o oSjs^K 



o^ ;3j3de3? 



") t^gg^od sQ3jFdd d^ 100 &e3 o 
oacsarJ Ko^^.OTSdearf a^d 1000 (ss 

c37rfdea (jiWiFci), 10,000 o3^?^; s-soJai^ 
; 1,00,000 o3j3e?i; eado^d ^^d wdde 
rfies (SJ^KB^) 10,00,00,00 o3j3 

(rfoBoo gjsecS) ; .1000,00,00,0 c& 
(Efoso) 11,000,00,00,000 c&reew^. t 



* y jj SJH3,d 504-100 + 1000+10,000 + 10,00,00+1,00, 
0000, + 1,00,00,00,0, + 100,00,00,00 + 10000,00,000, 
+ 10,000,00,00,00=11 ill rae!3, o^, II si^lidd 150 3jae&3 



;o, 

Frtei 

wo 



. ^ ?o-srtar!^ 
sra^cxk. c37)pS3 w/lcxio rf^rt^i, J^ 



esrtau. worradcs 



[S,? 



100 



ri^OS&FlS 
tS(S3'Sc3"SO ftodjSps'SC 



jOfc rtjo$ 

WSJ (g 



ado sa^r 



ifS^. esdo z3^ adooaii (Spinal- 
Chord) ^fodi^oridSKi. tSo* Wi|5rf doa^ 



reflex action) 



e^rfd sJwso 
do^;do; w e^od 

102 



aoS, ado a 



rls? ^zlri 



Cere- 

brum] ^^^> e55(oa,odjH7id rios&rf.s^ &>& (jSdj aS. ssddS, 
^iSodi rtjsa^ c3?ddO, a^d^ ^rfo^ad. (Superfine nervous 
knot) e^dg s^fsri uddrosljj rfsid 
wrfd^^-ad WJSTI ^ ^sfsesidQ Mcasft ^15$^ i a;3. 
d^ odd S^OJOF es^ri^asria^S. 'ao 
tooa , Mijdo'ered, eS^, ^e^fS t^ozo ada 



(impulses and reactions) ; 

i$^iK>f\?jjss7o sjoi' ^ra^a^ida esoo'red 33, rf . OTE^ zs^sto?^ 
103 



addstra^ji 



dcirfdo. woa r? 



^?a5rf otod 
(transplanting of heart, etc.) 



104 



Lincoln & Barnet-" The Universe and Einstein " 

( Oo*c5 r ira^-" a^ da^i BSfkjSf " ) 
" If physical events are indeterminate and the future 
is unpredictable then, perhaps, the unknown quantity 
called MIND may yet guide mans destiny among the infi- 
nite uncertainties of a Capricious universe' 1 



Bts^i 3 rfss^^) 
*|i&ndo$d 



Dr M. Kaku and J. Trainer-" Beyond Einstien " 



"Quantum mechanics, which seems so decisive, defi- 
nitive and clear-cut in its practical applications, is actually 
based on uncertainties, probabilities and philosophically 
bizarre ideas " 



7)^ ri SsjOSiod tp^rf 
wsk waft rfo^da. wd3 ? esrfdo 



EVOLUTION ( 
'The Universe and the planet earth' 



Josip Kleczek and Peter Jakes 



"in the course of 1000,00 million years, the shape- 
less chaotic matter evolved into super galaxies, in which 
galaxies formed, and proto-stars turned into stars and 
planets, Evolution on the earth continued to the stage of 
intelligent creatures with an advanced culture. It took 
about 10000 million years for the elementary particles of 
the big-bang to develop into their most advanced system- 
the human brain ". 



106 



3 
d, aflrt, is?? 



ecbd 

^rf srtririo^ 
wdrf^rttf 



"As far as we know today, the proton, the neutron 
and the electron are so simple that they cannot be easily 
divided into any thing simpler". 



Einsteins ; Observations- sos^^e^ enara-sei 

'' Cosmologists for the most part maintain silence on 
the question of ultimate origins, leaving that issue to the 
philosophers and theology." 



107 



" In the evolution of scientific thought, one fact has 
become impressively clear; there is no mystery of the 
physical world which does not point to a mystery beyond 
itself". 



ez3?$odd, 
33ft tattforfd sfc&^oda dad^rf tfzitf ^sttaa 



"AM highroads of the intellect, all byeways of theory 
and conjecture lead ultimately to an abyss that human 
ingenuity can never span." 



;ira$joii 



The Michaelson-Morley experiment with 
the Interferometer 



" The Michaelson-Moriey experiment confronted the 
scientists with an embarassing alternative (i) scraping 
the either theory; or (ii) Accepting it. If the second, 
they had to abandon the Copernician concept of the earth 
in motion and to say that the earth stood still " 



(jj) 

& d 



'The first three minutes'-Steven Weinberg. 

"sSvjscte siojsdo 



"True, the sky rotates around the pole star, and over 
longer times the moon itself waxes and wanes, and the 
moon and the planets move against the back ground of 
stars-But these are merely local phenomena caused by 
motions within our solar system. 



Eo<i?rf sira&rfva 



'The Primeval Universe '-' su^elesJ o^, ' 
Prof J. V. Narlikar sg^ll ii. a. jFrfo* 

" I am always intrigued by the above quotation 
(Vishnu Purana, Chapter IH-VI-12-15), one which is also 
found in some other ancient Hindu scriptures ; for, doing 
the necessary multiplication, we find that the day of 
Brahma, the creator of the universe is 4.32 bililion years* 

109 



a figure that is of the same order of magnitude as current 
estimates of the age of the universe based on the latest 
astronomical observations. How did the ancients arrive 
at this figure? " 



ojjasnrtun 
|-VI, 12-15) 

o wdo^zS. 



(" a 
.) 
rfo fcaarforf dgs, 



no 



*** 



2 

11 
16 
16 
19 
20 
22 
25 



31 
35 
37 
39 



1,18 

8 



10 
11 
25 
26 
11 
14 
16 
34 
11 
13 



54 
56 
71 
78 
SO 



14 

1 

23 



84 
95 



98 
101 



2 

18 
19 
14 
27 

3 



rte 



s3 rs> r S 

* w, 331^0$ s&3F{3 ) 



b, eidorf ^