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Full text of "A bibliographical list of the works that have been published, or are known to exist in MS., illustrative of the various dialects of English. Compiled by members of the English Dialect Society. Edited by Walter W. Skeat and J.H. Nodal"

Cngltsl) JBialect g)Ocietg. 



A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST 

OF THE WORKS THAT HAVE BEEN PUBLISHED, OR ARE 

KNOWN TO EXIST IN MS., ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

THE VARIOUS DIALECTS OF ENGLISH, 



COMPILED BY MEMBERS OF THE 

ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY, 

AND EDITED BY THE 

REV. WALTER W. SKEAT, M.A., 

A^'D 

J. H. NODAL. 




LONDON : 

i^uftlisl^etr tov tl^e 35ncjli6i& BiaUct J^ocietg, 

By TRiJBNER AND CO., LUDGATE HILL. 

1877, 



JiOlS 



CONTENTS 



ENGLAND : ,xqv. 

English Dictionaries Henry B. Wheatley and 

Walter W. Skeat .... 3 
General Books on Dialects . . W. W. Skeat 11 



Bedfordshire 




»» . , . . 


, . 18 


Berkshire 




>i .... 
»» , , , . 


. 18 


Buckinghamshire . . . 




. . 18 


Cheshire 




»> .... 
C. Boase and 


. . 18 


Cornwall 


. . . G. 








W. P. Courtney . . 


. . 19 


Cumberland 


. . . William Jackson . . . 


. . 28 


Derbyshire . . - . 


W 


W Rlroaf 


4^ 


Devonshire 


. . . John Shelly. .... 


. . 44 


Dorsetshire 


. . . Rev. William Barnes . 


. . 48 


Durham 


. . . W, 


.W. Skeat .... 


. . 49 


East Anglia 






. . 50 


Essex 






51 


Gloucestershire .... 




. . 51 


Hampshire 






52 


Herefordshire .... 




^ . 53 


Kent 






. . 53 


Lancashiee 


. . . William E. A. Axon . 


. . 54 


Leicestershire .... 


. . . W, 


,W. Skeat .... 


. . 89 


Lincolnshire 






. . 90 


Middlesex 






91 


Norfolk 




. . 91 


Northamptonshire . . . 






. . 92 


Northumberland . . . 






. . 93 


Nottinghamshire . . . 






. . 98 


Oxfordshire 






. . 98 


Shropshire 






. . 99 


Somersetshire .... 






, . 99 



IV CONTENTS. 

ENGLAND (continued) : pack 

Staffordshire W. W. Skeat 101 

Suffolk ,, 101 

SORRET „ 102 

Sussex ,, 1.02 

Warwickshire „ 104 

Westmoreland William Jackson . . , . 104 

Wiltshire W. W. Skeat - . . , . 108 

Worcestershire „ 108 

Yorkshire C. Clough Kobinson . . . 109 

WALES , W.W. Skeat 132 

ISLE OF MAN „ 132 

SCOTLAND J. H. Nodal 133 

i. Dictionaries and General Works. 
ii. Counties and Districts. 
iii. Collections. 

IRELAND . . . . W. H. Paterson . . . . 155 

CANT AND SLANG J. H. Nodal 157 

AMERICANISMS „ 1G6 

MISCELLANEOUS „ 171 

English Gypsy Dialect. 

The English Language in India. 

China-English Dialect. 

ADDITIONS, chiefly to the English 

List J. H. Nodal 173 

INDEX William E. A. Axon ... 181 



The several authors and editors have received assistance from Prince Louis- 
Lucien Bonaparte, Messrs. J. P. Briscoe, William Currie (Galashiels^ William 
Doig, William Lawson, E. R. Morris, J. P. Morris, Dr. J. A. H. Murray, 
J. Russell Smith, C. W. Sutton, Robert White, Henry B. Wheatley, the Rev. 
Christopher Wordsworth, and Mr. Aldis Wright, 

The first and largest portion of the work, pp. 1—132, was edited by the 
Rev, Walter W. Skeat ; the remainder by J. H. NodaL 



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SERIES A. 

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL. 



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SERIES A. 
BIBLIOGRAPHICAL 



A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST 

»^ORKS THAT HAVE BEEN PUBLISHED 

KNOWN TO EXIST IN MS., ILLUSTRATIVE OF 

THE VARIOUS DIALECTS OF ENGLISH. 



COMPILED BY MEMBERS OF THE 



ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY, 



AND EDITED BY THE 



REV. WALTER AV. SKEAT, M.A 



PART I. 



LONDON: 

PUBLISHED FOR THE ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY, 

BY TlltJBNEE & CO., 57 & 59, LUDGATE HILL. 

MDCCCLXXIII. 

[RepH-iUed, 1881.1 



BUNGAY: CLAY AND TAYLOR, PRINTERS, THE CHAUCER PRESS. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The following Bibliographical List was one of the very first works 
undertaken for the use of the English Dialect Society, as it was evident 
from the beginning that the first step to be taken was to ascertain how 
much had been already accomplished towards the work which we hope 
one day to complete. It was at first intended to issue a rough list 
which migtit serve as a guide to workers, but so many additions were 
made from time to time by various contributors that it seemed possible to 
make such a list as, without pretension to be considered as exhaustive, 
should at any rate contain the names of all the more important pub- 
lications. Even then it appeared as if it would still be possible to 
issue the first 48 pages of the list by the beginning of 1874 ; and, with 
this view, the few words of preface printed at pp. 1 and 2 were written. 
But various causes seriously delayed the work (as explained in the 
Report for 1874), and have afforded me an opportunity of prefixing a 
few further words by way of Introduction. 

The lamented deatli of Dr Bannister, author of the Glossary of 
Cornish Names, deprived us of such assistance as he would no doubt 
cheerfully have rendered in arranging the names of the numerous books 
relating to the English dialect spoken in Cornwall ; and this was one 
of the first causes of delay. Deprived of his assistance, I attempted 
writing out the list myself, but did not feel very well satisfied with the 
result when it appeared in type. At this time the idea fortunately 
occurred to me of applying to Messrs Boase and Courtney, the authors 
of the Bibliotheca Cornubiensis, who, with great kindness, entirely 
re-wrote the list ; and added, from their stores of knowledge, several 
interesting biographical notes concerning the authors of the various 
tales, pamphlets, &c. ; and it is accordingly fitting that I should take 
this opportunity of expressing to them my acknowledgments. 

The history of the Cumberland Book-list is very similar In tliis I 



Vi INTRODUCTION. [A. 1. 

had hoped for the assistance of Mr Alexander Craig Gibson, who had 
promised his support to an English Dialect Society (should one be 
formed) as far back as in the year 1870, although his name has not 
actually appeared in our List of Members. After his decease I was at 
a loss to whom to apply for help, but here again was fortunate in 
receiving an offer from Mr W. Jackson, of Fleatham House, St Bees, to 
write a new book-list, to be substituted for the one which was already 
in type, but was not so full as he knew how to make it. This offer 
was gladly accepted, and we are much obliged to him for his work, 
which occupies no less than fourteen pages, and tells us all that we can 
wish to know in the way of bibliography, as far as his county is con- 
cerned. 

It is hardly necessary to say much at present as to the use that may 
be made of the book-list. By carefully examining it from time to time, 
we may observe several tracts worthy of being reprinted ; and we may, 
again, be able to compile a shorter list of sufficiently good authorities, 
whose works may be taken to be, to a certain extent, the best books of 
reference on the subject. It is, perhaps, necessary to add here just one 
word of caution, viz., that each author's work should be taken only for 
what it is intrinsically worth, and no more. We may say, for example, 
that Forby's Vocabulary of East Anglia is a standard work as relates to 
the East Anglian dialect. His collection of words is a good one, and 
the references which he gives to other glossaries are useful and interest- 
ing, as helping to shew the local distribution of the words collected. 
But his notes upon words used by our best authors, e. g. by Shakespeare, 
are of no greater value than those made by others ; whilst he is con- 
tinually branching off into etymological disquisitions, in which he very 
frequently loses his depth and exhibits himself at his worst. The 
stupidity of some of his remarks on etymology is almost appalling. 
When, for example, he cites the Norfolk word heifker, a heifer, he 
actually ventures to suggest that it is a corruption of half-coio I After 
this he cites a passage from a document dated 1579, in which the word 
hechford or heckforth occurs, in the same sense of heifer. From this we 
might have suspected that he would have drawn the inference that 
heifker was corrupted from hechford, since the earlier form must, in the 
nature of things, have preceded the later one. But no ! this would 
have interfered with the foregone conclusion about the half-cow^ where- 
fore he boldly decides that hechford may have been a mispronunciation 
o{ heifker ! There is not much real mystery about it. Just as the A.S. 



A. 1.] INTRODUCTION-. vii 

heali-deor\ a roebuck, is literally a high deer^ the A.S. heahfor seems to be 
for heahfear, lit, a high oxj The latter h in heah might either pass 
into h or be lost, so that the resulting forms would naturally be either 
heckfor or heifer ; whilst the form heckfor would be corrupted, in course 
of time, into heckford or heifker easily enough, in accordance with 
known laws of our language. In this case, then, we are able, not 
merely to reject Forby's explanation, but to adduce the right one ; but 
we cannot always do so. And this leads us on to a consideration of 
great importance ; for many writers seem to assume that one is bound 
to acquiesce in the etymology which they suggest unless one is able to 
adduce a better one. Against this principle we shall do well to protest ; 
for, on account of the extreme difficulty of English etymology, number- 
less cases constantly occur which we cannot always solve fully or even 
partially, whilst at the same time we are perfectly justified in rejecting 
all the various theories proposed as being wholly untenable, unless 
something like evidence can really be adduced in their favour. The 
one golden rule in English etymology, in the present juncture, is to 
suspend our judgment in all cases but those which are reasonably well 
supported. Whilst we thankfully accept such help as the facts fur- 
nished by our various provincial glossaries or pamphlets afford, we are 
free to reject all the speculations in which the writers of them have but 
too frequently and too freely indulged. 

One other consideration deserves mention in connection with the 
subject of dialects. Very numerous are the specimens of dialect which 
various authors, with very various ideas on the subject of spelling, have 
supplied ; and the value of these specimens is of all degrees, from the 
ill-composed productions of ill-educated twaddlers, to the racy sketches 
of clever and skilful writers who know how to put the right word in 
the right place. Now the student of philology has to encounter one 
peculiar difficulty, viz., that the best writers have written, in general, 
not from a philological, but from an artistic point of view : and their 
object has been to illustrate, not word-lore, but character. In con- 
sequence of this, the student may not always find what he wants, 
and may occasionally be misled, especially as to the true locality of a 
word or as to grammatical details ; he may, however, generally expect 
to find words used in the right sense. 

In connection with this aspect of the case, I would call attention to 

' See Morris, Historical Outlines of English Accidence, p. 87. 



viii INTRODUCTION. [A. 1. 

the following letter which was most kindly written to me by the author 
of ' Middleraarch,' in reply to one in which I ventured to inquire what 
dialects are more particularly represented in the various works bearing 
upon the title-page the well-known name of George Eliot. It will, I 
think, be perused with much interest. 

* It must be borne in mind that my inclination to be as close as I 
could to the rendering of dialect, both in words and spelling, was con- 
stantly checked by the artistic duty of being generally intelligible. 
But for that check, I should have given a stronger colour to the dia- 
logue in " Adam Bede," which is modelled on the talk of N. Stafford- 
shire and the neighbouring part of Derbyshire. The spelling, being 
determined by my own ear alone, was necessarily a matter of anxiety, 
for it would be as possible to quarrel about it as about the spelling of 
Oriental names. 

* The district imagined as the scene of " Silas Marner " is in N. 
Warwickshire. But here, and in all my other presentations of English 
life, except " Adam Bede," it has been my intention to give the general 
physiognomy rather than a close portraiture of the provincial speech as 
I have heard it in the Midland or Mercian region. It is a just demand 
that art should keep clear of such specialities as would make it a puzzle 
for the larger part of its public ; still, one is not bound to respect the 
lazy obtuseness or snobbish ignorance of people who do not care to 
know more of their native tongue than the vocabulary of the drawing- 
room and the newspaper.' 

These just and forcible remarks set the whole matter in a true anfl 
clear light; and deserve our best attention. 

w. w. s. 



A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST 

OP THE WORKS THAT HAVE BEEN PUBLISHED, OR ARE KNOWN TO EXIST 
IN MS., ILLUSTRATIVE OP THE VARIOUS DIALECTS OP ENGLISH. 

COMPILED BY MEMBERS OF THE ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY. 



The following List is intended to be as exhaustive as possible, 
but is probably still incomplete. At the same time it doubtless 
includes the names of all the books which are likely to be of most 
service to the Society^ as well as the names of very many which may 
safely be set aside hereafter as not truly representing the provincial 
speech. Some of the tracts, indeed^ would appear to have been 
written by authors who have adopted a so-called ' provincial ' spelling 
because they were unequal to spelling according to the received 
method ; others again exhibit excellent and racy specimens of true 
dialect. To discriminate between these is no part of our present pur- 
pose, since it would require more time than can now well be spared, 
and it is of importance that members should have this List in their 
hands as soon as possible. Still, some critical remarks have been 
occasionally inserted, as a guide to word-collectors and compilers of 
word-lists. An asterisk is pre*fixed to such books of reference as are 
of admitted utility. 

The List is divided into several parts. Eirst in order comes a 
list of English Dictionaries, and of such books as illustrate the 
whole subject generally. Next, of such books as generally illustrate 
the dialects of the JS'orth of England. After that, the counties of 
England are considered separately, in their alphabetical order. 
Lastly are considered the various English dialects spoken in Wales, 
Scotland, Ireland, and other districts and countries lying outside 

1 



2 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

England itself. A list of tlie principal books which explain or 
illustrate slang and cant words has been added for the sake of com- 
pleteness, because help is sometimes to be had from them, and it is 
not always possible to decide whether some words ought to be con- 
sidered as truly ' provincial ' or as ' slang ' words only. 

We are much indebted to Mr John Russell Smith for his ' Bib- 
liographical List of the works that have been published, towards 
illustrating the Provincial Dialects of England,' published in 1839, 
the articles in which are now included, by permission, in the present 
list, together Avith the critical remarks upon them, several of which 
were written or suggested by Sir Frederic Madden, and agree with 
the MS. notes found in some of his books. 

The compilation has been the work of several hands. Mr H. B. 
Wheatley contributed largely by comparing the list, when in a very 
imperfect state, with the valuable collection of books in the posses- 
sion of H. H. Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, whose kindness in 
readily offering to do what he could to further the interests of the 
Society deserves our warmest acknowledgment. A considerable 
number of articles was also obtained from Mr Aldis Wright, who 
allowed Mr Skeat to make a list of his books. Many others were 
contributed by Mr Skeat from other sources. The Devonshire list is 
by Mr Shelly ; the Lancashire list by Mr Axon ; the Yorkshire 
list by Mr C. C. Eobinson. Miscellaneous articles were contributed 
by the Rev. W. Barnes, Mr E. R. Morris, Mr J. P. Morris, Mr R. 
White, and the Rev. C. Wordsworth. Mr J. B. Briscoe also sent 
in several titles, as well as a copy of his ' Literature of Tim Bobbin.' 
Some other members have also helped in various ways. The list of 
books in the various dialects of Scotland is being compiled by Mr J. 
A. H. Murray. 

The whole of the articles (excepting those on Devon, Lancashire, 
and Yorkshire) were sorted into order and compiled (from the papers 
sent in by contributors) by the Rev. W. W. Skeat, who is further 
responsible for these few prefatory remarks. 



A. 1.] ENGLISH DICTIONARIES. 



SECTION L— GENERAL, 

(A.) DICTIONARIES. 



A VALUABLE list, witli critical remarks, was published for the 
Philological Society in 1865, entitled 'Chronological Notices of the 
Dictionaries of the English Language, By Henry B. Wheatley, 
Esq.' Erom this publication most of the following titles have been 
taken, but in an abridged form. Mr Wheatley gives the titles in 
full, and adds several useful remarks upon the scope and history of 
each book. Some additions have been made to Mr Wheatley's list, 
so as to include such works as Cotgrave's Erench Dictionary. The 
reason for giving the titles of these books is that many of them 
include provincial words ; and those of early date, such as Pals- 
grave's Erench Dictionary and the like, include words concerning 
which other information cannot easily be obtained. 

Promptorium Parvulorum. Latin-English. MS. Harl. 221, British 
Museum. About A.D. 1440. On this text is founded Mr Way's 
edition. See Norfolk. 

Dictionarium Anglo-Latinum. MS. Addit. 15562. About a.d. 
1450. Sir E. Madden supposed this to be a copy of the Catholicon ; 
see below. 

Catholicon Anglicum. MS. belonging to Lord Monson. Dated 
A.D. 1483. Used by Mr Way in illustration of the Promptorium 
Parvulorum. See Norfolk. 

Catholicon of Jacobus Januensis; MS. 0. 5. 4, Trinity College, 
Cambridge. 

Mr Aldis Wright has transcribed such words from this Latin dictionary as 
have English explanations ; and the list will be printed in a new edition 
of Mr Thomas Wright's Vocabularies. 

Ortus Yocabulorum, alphabetico ordine, &c. (Latin-English Dic- 
tionary.) Folio. London (pr. by Wynkyn de Worde), 1500. 

later editions, 1508, 1509, 1511, 1514, 1516, 1518; pr. by E. Pyn- 

son, 1539. See Prompt. Parv. ed. Way, p. xxi. 



4 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Vulgaria. By William Horman. 4to. London (pr. by E. Pynson), 

1519. 
later ed. (pr. by W. de Worde) 1530. 

A Shorte Dictionarie. By J. Withals. Imprinted in the late house 
of William Caxton (by Wynkyn de Worde). {London, n.d.] 

An English-Latin Vocabnlavy, which went through a large number of 
editions. It was reprinted by Berthelet in 1554, 1556, and 1559; by Wykes 
in 1566 and 1568 ; and by Purfoot in 1572, 1581, 1586, 1594, 1599, and 1616. 
In some editions the name of Withals does not appear ; thus the edition of 
1581 bears only the name of Lewis Evans. 

Lesclarcissement de la Langue Francoyse, compose par Maistre Jehan 
Palsgrave Angloys, natyf de Londres, et gradue de Paris. Anno verbi 
incarnati 1530. 4to. 

Dictionary (Latin and English). By Sir Thomas Elyot, Knt. Fol. 

London (pr. by Berthelet), 1538. 
later editions; fol. 1541, 1545, 1548; improved by Thos. Cooper, 

1532 ; further improved, 1552 ; the third time improved, 1559, 1565, 

1573, 1578, 1584. 

A Dictionary in Englyshe and Welshe, moche necessary to all siiche 
Welshemen as wil spedly lerne the englyshe tongue . . . wherevnto is 
prefixed a litle treatyse of the englyshe pronunciation of the letters. 
By Wyllyam Sai^esbury. Small 4to. London, 1547. 

See Ellis's Early English Pronunciation, c. viii. p. 768, for an account of 
this book. A later edition appeared in 1551. 

Abecedarium Anglico-Latinum, pro Tyrunculis Richardo Hulceto 
exscriptore. Londini, ex officina GuHelmi Eiddel. Anno MDLII. 
[1552] Cum privilegio ad imprimendum solum. Folio. 

(second edition, much enlarged). Huloets Dictionarie, newelye 

corrected, amended, set in order and enlarged, &c. By John Higgins. 
Folio. London (pr. by T. Marsh), 1572. 

Manipulus Vocabulorum . . . Gathered and set forth by P. Levins. 

4to. 77 leaves. London, 1570. 
Eeprinted for the Philological Society and the Early English Text 

Society, and edited by H. B. Wheatley. 8vo. Ih. 1867. 

An Alvearie or Triple Dictionarie, in Englishe, Latin, and French. 
By John Baret. Folio. [London, 1573.] 

An Alvearie or Quadruple Dictionarie, containing four sundrie 

tongues; namelie, EngHsh, Latine, Greeke, and French, newUe en- 
riched with varietie of Wordes, Phrases, Prouerbs, and diuers light- 
some obseruations of Grammar. Folio. [/6. 1580.] 

Florio his first Fruites ; which yeelde familiar Speech, merie 
Prouerbes, wittie Sentences, and golden Sayings. Also a perfect in- 
troduction to the Italian and EngHsh Tongues. 4to. London, 1578. 
(Later ed. 1591.) 

Bibliotheca Hispanica, containing a Grammar, with a Dictionarie in 
Spanish, English, and Latine, gathered out of divers good authors. 
By Eic. Percyuall, Gent. 4to. London. J. Jackson, 1591. 



A. 1.] ENGLISH DICTIONARIES. 5 

Florios second Frutes. To which is annexed his Garden of Recre- 
ation yeelding six thousand Italian Prouerbs. 4to. Londo7iy 1691. 

riorio's Queen Anna's new World of Words, or Dictionarie of the 
ItaHan and English Tongues. Folio, London, 1611. (First edition, 
1595 or 1597; later editions, 1598, 1611, 1659.) 

A Dictionarie, French and English. By Claudius Hollyband. 
4to. London, 1593. 

Synonymorum Sylva olim a Simone Pelegromio collecta .... in 
Anglicanum transfusa . . . per H. F., &c. [An English-Latin Dic- 
tionary.] 8vo. London, 1609. 

Earlier editions, 1580, 1598 (16mo.) ; later editions, 1612, 1632. 

A Dictionarie of the French and English Tongues. By Randle 
CoTGRAVE. Fol. London, 1611. 

whereunto is annexed a most copious dictionarie of the English set 

before the French. By Robert Sherwood. Fol. lb. 1632. 

wherunto are added sundry Animadversions, &c., by James 

Howell. Fol. lb. 1650. Later editions, 1660 and 1673. 

An English Expositor : teaching the interpretation of the hardest 
words used in our Language, with sundry explications, descriptions, 
and discourses. By I[ohn] B[ullokar], Doctor of Physicke. Sm. 
8vo. London, 1616. 

Later and revised editions appeared in 1621, 1641, 1656, 1676, 1680, 1684 ; 
the fifth, sixth, and seventh editions were printed at Camhridge. Still later 
appeared a tAvelfth edition (London, 1719). and a thirteenth edition {Dublin, 
1726), both revised by R. Browne. 

'Hye/u«i>j' t\Q Tag yXQaaag, id est, Ductor in Linguas. . . The Guide 
into the Tongues. With their agreement and consent one with anothei-, 
as also their Etymologies, . . in these 11 languages, viz. 1. English, 
2. British or Welsh, 3. Low Dutch, 4. High Dutch, 5. French, 6. 
Italian, 7. Spanish, 8. Portuguez, 9. Latine, 10. Greeke, 11. Hebrew, 
&c. Also the Exposition of the Termes of the Lawes of this land. . . 
By John Minsheu. Folio. London, 1617. 

(second edition, revised). Foho. Lh. 1626. 

Vocabularium Hispanico-Latinum et Anglicum copiosissimum. (A 
Spanish-English Dictionary.) By John Minsheu. Fol. London, 
1617. 

Generally found (says Lowndes) at the end of Mirisheu's Ductor in Linguas. 

The English Dictionarie : or an Interpreter of hard English words. . . . 
By H[enry] C[ockeram], Gent. Small 8vo. London, 1623. 

• second edition, revised and enlarged, 1626; third, 1631; fourth, 

1632; fifth, 1637; sixth, 1639; seventh, 1642; ninth, 1650; later 
editions, 1655 and 1659. 

" The second booke containes the vulgar words . . I have also inserted even 
the mocke-words which are ridiculously used," &c. — Preface. Mr "VVheatley 
notes that there is not much variation in the various editions. 



6 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Glossarium Archaiologicum. By Sir H. Spelman. Eol. London^ 
[1626]. 

This edition contains only half the work, from A to L. 

(completed) fol. lb. 1664. 

(best edition) fol. Ih. 1687. 

The Gate of Tongues unlocked and opened, or else a Seminarie or 
Seed-plot of all Tongues and Sciences. By John Anchgran. 8vo. 
London, 1631. 

later editions, 1633 (?), 1639. 

G-lossographia : or a Dictionary interpreting all such hard words . . 

as are now used in our refined English Tongue. [By Thomas Blount.] 

Svo. London, 1656. 
second edition, enlarged; ih. 1661; third, 1650; fourth, 1674; 

fifth, 1681. Folio edition, enlarged by W. Nelson, 1717. 

The New World of Words ; or a Universal English Dictionary. . . . 
By E[dwaed] P[hillips]. Eolio. London, 1658. 

later edition, 1662; fourth edition, 1678; fifth, 1696; sixth, much 

improved by John Kersey, 1706. A tract was written to expose some errors 
in this work, by Thomas Blount (folio, London, 1673), entitled "A World of 
Errors discovered in the New World of Words," &c. 

Etymologicon Linguae Anglicanae. . . . Auctore Stephano Skinner, 
M.D. Eolio. London, 1671. 

*An English Dictionary, explaining the difficult terms that are 
used in Divinity, Husbandry, Physick, Phylosophy, Law, Navigation, 
Mathematicks, and other Arts and Sciences. . . . By E[lisha] Coles. 
Svo. London, 1676. 

other editions, 1677, 1684, 1708 (all much alike) ; newly corrected 

and much improved. Ih. 1732. The author includes words and phrases 
belonging to the various DIALECTS, as also slang words. 

*Gazophylacium Anglicanum : containing the derivation of English 
words, proper and common, &c. [Anonymous.] 8vo. London, 1689. 

A new English Dictionary, shewing the etymological derivation of 

the English Tongue, &c. [A second edition of the foregoing.] Svo. 
Ih. 1691. 

Contains some Lincolnshire words, perhaps taken from Skinner. 

A new English Dictionary : or a compleat collection of the most 
proper and significant words, commonly used in the language ; with 
a short and clear Exposition of Difficult Words and Terms of Art. . . 
By J. K. London, 1702. 

_ second edition, revised and improved; ih. 1713. (Mr Wheatley 

thinks that J. K. does not mean John Kersey, as some suppose ; since 
Kersey's dictionary, bearing his name, appeared in 1708, between the 
first and second editions of this work.) 

Cooker's English Dictionary : interpreting the most refined and 
difficult words in Divinity, Philosophy, Law, Physick, Mathematicks, 



A. 1.] ENGLISH DICTIONARIES. 7 

Husbandry, Mechanicks, &c. . . . Perused and i)u.blislied from tlie 
Authors correct copy, by John" Hawkins. 8vo. London, 1704. 

second edition, enlarged and altered ; ih. 1715 ; third, 1724. (The 

author was the celebrated arithmetician.) 

Glossographia Anglicana ]!Tova ; or a Dictionary interpreting sucli 

hard words ... as are at present used in the English Tongue . . . 

also the Terms of Divinity, Law . . . Agriculture, &c. [Anonymous.] 

8vo. London, 1707. 
second edition, with the addition of above 3000 words ; ih. 1719. 

" The work is full of technical ivords.'" — H. B. W. 

"" Dictionarium Anglo-Britannicum : or a General English Dictionary ; 
comprehending a brief, but emphatical and clear explication of all 
sorts of difRcult words. ... By John Kersey. 8vo. London, 1708. 
Almost exclusively a dictionary of hard words, several of whicli are provincial 
English. A second edition appeared in 1715 ; a third, in 1721. 

* An Universal Etymological English Dictionary : comprehending 
the derivations of the generality of words in the English tongue . . . 
together with a large collection and explication of Words and Phrases 
us'd in our ancient Statutes, &c. . . . also the Dialects of our dijfferent 
Counties ... to which is added, a Collection of our most common 
Proverbs, with their Explication and Illustration ... By N. Bailey, 
^iXoXoyog. 8vo. Londo7i, 1721. 

The second edition, with large additions ; ih. 1724. 

The third edition; ih. 1726. 

The fourth edition ; ih. 1728. 

The sixth edition, 1733; seventh, 1735; eighth, 1737; thirteenth, 

1747; seventeenth, 1757; twentieth, 1764; two-and-twentieth, 1770; 
four-and-twentieth, carefully enlarged and corrected by E. Harwood, 
D.D. Lb. 1782. 

Bailey generally marks the county to which each provincialism belongs, 
which greatly adds to the value of his book. This Dictionary is a totally 
different work from the two next mentioned, and is the one of the three which 
is likely to prove of most service to the E. I). S. 

The Universal Etymological English Dictionary, in two parts. Contain- 
ing I. an additional collection (1) of some thousands of words not in the 
first volume. . . (2) of a considerable number of terms of Art, &c. . . (3) 
of proper names of Persons and Places in Great Britain . . (4) the 
Theogony, Theology, and Mythology of the Egyptians, Greeks, 
Romans, &c. . . . II. an Orthographical Dictionary, shewing both the 
Orthography and Orthoepia of the English Tongue, &c. Vol. II. By 
N. Bailey, ^iXoXoyoc- 8vo. London, T. Cox, 1727. 

— — The second edition, with many additions ; ih. 1731. (The title-page 
is a good deal altered, and the two parts are in one ; but it is marked 
"Vol. H." as before. All the editions contain wood-cuts; by which 
this work can bo at once distinguished from the former.) 

The third edition, with many additions; ih. 1737. 

Dictionarium Britannicuin ; or a more Compleat Universal Etymo- 
logical English Dictionary than any extant . . . Collected by several 
hands. Revised, &c. by N. Bailey, ^iXoAoyog. Folio. London, T. 
Cox, 1730. 



8 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

This the folio dictionary, distinct from the two former. An interleaved copy 
of this book was used by JDr Johnson as the foundation of his own great work. 

The second edition, ih. 1736. 

A new Universal Etymological English Dictionary. . . . Revised and 
corrected by Joseph Nicol Scott, M.D. Folio. London, 1764. 

This was founded on Bailey's folio Dictionary of 1730, with many additions. 
A new edition. Eolio. lb. 1172. 

A compleat English Dictionary. . . . By B. I^. Defoe. Loudon (1), 
1735. 

A new English Dictionary, containing a large and almost Compleat 
Collection of useful English Words. . . . Also the proper names of all 
the kingdoms, cities, &c., &c., in the World. [By J. Spareow.] 
12mo. London (0. Payne), 1737. 

By J. Sparrow, Gent. (2nd edition.) 12mo. Lb. 1739. 

Etymologicum Anglicanum ; ex autographo descrijDsit et accessionibus 
permultis auctum edidit Edw. Lye, &c. By Francis Junius. Fol. 
Oxford, 1743. 

Lingua Britannica Refomiata ; or a Universal English Dictionary. 

By Benjamin Martin. 8vo. London, 1749. 
• second edition : ib. 1754. 

A I^ew General English Dictionary, peculiarly calculated for the use 
and improvement of such as are unacquainted with the learned lan- 
guages. . . . Originally begun by the late Eev. Mr Thomas Dyche 
.... Now finished by William Pardon, Gent. Sixth edition. 
London, 1750. 

The seventh edition, 1752. 

The ninth edition, 1758. 

Dyche bad issued a Dictionary of common words in 1723; and a SpelHng 
Dictionary in 1731. 

The Complete English Dictionary, explaining most of those hard 

. words which are found in the best English Writers. By a Lover of 

Good English and Common sense [Rev. John Wesley]. N.B. The 

Author assures you, he thinks this is the best English Dictionary in 

the World. 12mo. London, 1753. 

second edition, with additions. Bristol, 1764. 

third edition : London, 1764 (?). 

A Pocket Dictionary, or Complete English Expositor .... Also, the 
technical terms are clearly explained, &c. Svo. Londo7i, 1753. 

Dr Bevis (who wrote a recommendation of it) speaks very highly of this work 
and praises the compiler because "he has rejected all obsolete, bad, low, and 
despicable words." It will accordingly prove useless. 

* A Dictionary of the English Language : in which the words are 
deduced from their originals, and illustrated in their different signifi- 
cations by examples from the best writers. To which are prefixed, a 



A. 1.] ENGLISH DICTIONARIES. 9 

History of tlie Language and an English. Grammar. By Saiviuei 
Johnson, A.M. 2 vols, folio. London, 1755. 

second edition, 1755; 3rd, 1765; 4tli, 1773 (the last corrected by 

the author). 

Some of the Dictionaries which have appeared since Johnson's may 
be more briefly noticed. By James Buchanan, 1757 — J. Peyton, 1759 
— William Eider (containing technical terms), 1759 — D. Bellamy, 
Mr Gordon, and others (contains many curious words, some of them 
vulgar), 1760— Daniel Fenning, 1761 ; 2nd ed. 1763— the Eev. F. 
Barlow, 2 vols. 8vo. 1772 — William Kenrick, LL.D., 4to. 1773 
{excludes provincial words) — Eev. James Barclay, 4to. 1774 (a sort of 
encyclopaedia, which went through a great number of editions) — 
WiLLiA]!*! Perry, 12mo. Edinburgh, 1775 (tenth edition, 1804) — 
Thomas Sheridan, 2 vols. 4to. 1780 (numerous later editions, the 
fourth being edited by T. Churchill, and others improved by 
SrEPHEN Jones) — Eev. C. Marriott, 2 vols. 4to. 1780 (an encyclo- 
psedia) — Eev. G. W. Lemon, 4to. 1783 (derives nearly all words from 
the Greek, and contains much grotesque etymology) — William Fry, 
8vo. 1784 — Inglish Orthoggraphy epittomized, &c. by James Elphin- 
STOUN, 8vo. 1790 (all in a kind of phonetic spelling) — Pronouncing 
Dictionary, by J. Walker, 4to. 1791 — Etymologicon Universale, or 
Universal Etymological Dictionary, by the Eev. Walter Whiter, 3 
vols. 4to. 1822-25 — The Union Dictionary (compiled from Johnson, 
Walker, and Sheridan) by Thomas Browne, LL.D. (2nd ed.) 1806 — 
William Grimshaw, 12mo. Fhiladelphia, 1821 — Saml^el Maunder's 
liittle Lexicon or Multum in Parvo, 32mo. 1825 — Anonymous [by E. 
S. Jameson] 8vo. 1827— T. S. Williams, 12mo. Hamburg, 1833 — 
James Knowles, 4to. 1835 (very copious, said to contain 77,000 words) 
— ^Walker remodelled, by B. H. Smart, 8vo. 1836 — A new Dictionary, 

- compiled from the best authorities from Johnson to Webster, royal 
8vo. 1836 — Alexander Eeid, 12mo. Edinburgh, 1844 (a good school 
dictionary) — John Craig, 2 vols, royal 8vo. 1849 — Eobert Sullivan 
(a good school dictionary), 12mo. Dublin, 1854 — Hyde Clarke, D.C.L. 
(in Weale's Eudimentary Series), 12mo. 1855 — Arnold J. Cooley, 
1861 (very copious)— P. Austin Nuttall, LL.D. 8vo. 1863— Eev. J. 
Stormonth, Edinburgh, 1871 — Chambers's Etymological Dictionary, 
edited by J. Donald, F.E.G.S. (a good etymological dictionary for 
schools), 8vo. London and Edinburgh, 1871 ; besides other school dic- 
tionaries, &c., which need not be here specified. 

Some have been omitted in this brief list as requiring a more ex- 
tended notice, viz. these following : 

'^The New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language, in 
which all the words are introduced .... the obsolete and uncommon 
words supported by authorities, &c. By John Ash. 2 vols. 8vo. 
London, 1775. 

Contains several obsolete, cant, and provincial words, and deserves to be 
carefully examined. 

* A Supplement to Jolmson's English Dictionary, of which the palp- 
able errors are attempted to be rectified, and its material omissions 
supplied. By George Mason. 4to. London, 1801. 

Many of tbe additions are from the old dramatists, Spenser, &c. 



10 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

*A Dictionary of the English Language .... by Samuel Johnson, 
LL.D. With numerous corrections, and with the addition of several 
thousand words, &c. By the Eev. H. J. Todd, M.A., F.S.A., and 
M.E.S.L. 4 vols. 4to. London, 1818. 

second edition, 3 vols. 4to. Ih. 1827. 

abridged by A. Chalmers, without the quotations, 8vo. 

A Supplement to Dr Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language. 
By the Eev. John Seager, B.A. 4to. London, 1819. 

^Philology on (sic) the English Language. By K. P. Jodrell, Esq. 
4to. London, 1820. 

Contains additional words not in Johnson, with quotations and references ; 
it deserves a careful examination. 

*Etymons of English Words. By the late John Thomson, M.E.I, 
and A.S. 4to. Edinburgh and London, 1826. 

A Glossary ; containing several Provincialisms, with their etymologies. 

* A Dictionary of the English Language. By Noah Webster, LL.D. 

2 vols. 4to. New York, 1828. 

reprinted, with corrections ; 2 vols. 4to. London, 1832. 

revised by 0. A. Goodrich in 1847. 

There are several editions ; perhaps the most serviceable is that entitled the 
" New Illustrated edition of Dr Webster's Unabridged Dictionary of the 
English Language .... revised and improved by C. A. Goodrich and Noah 
Porter." London, Bell and Daldy. 

* A I^Tew Dictionary of the English Language. By Charles Eichard- 

SON. 2 vols. 4to. London, 1836-7. 

Appeared first in the Encyclopaedia Metropolitana, beginning in 1818. It 
has a most valuable collection of quotations. An abridged edition, omitting 
these, appeared in 1839, 8vo. 

A Popular and Complete English Dictionary. Edited by the Eev. 
John Boag. 2 vols. 8vo. Glasgow, 1848. 

The Imperial Lexicon of the English Language (a new edition of 

the above). 2 vols. 8vo. JEdinburg/i, [1853.] 

'^The Imperial Dictionary, English, Technological, and Scientific .... 
on the basis of Webster's English Dictionary, &c. Edited by John 
Ogilyie, LL.D. 2 vols, imperial 8vo. Olasgotv, ISoO. 

second edition, with supplement. London, 1863. 

This later edition may prove of great service ; the supplement contains 
numerous obsolete, obsolescent, and Scottish words. Abridged editions of this 
dictionary have since appeared. 

* A Dictionary of the English Language. By Joseph E. Worcester, 

LL.D. 4to. Boston [N.E.] 1863. 

The total number of words in this admirable dictionary is estimated at about 
104,000. — H.B.W. This is not, however, tlie only Dictionary written by Dr 
Worcester ; he had previously compiled dictionaries which appeared in 1827, 
1830, 1835, 1846, 1850, and 1856. 



A. 1. ] GENERAL BOOKS ON DIALECTS. 11 

*A Dictionary of the English Language; founded on that of Dr 
Samuel Johnson, as edited'by the Eev. H. J. Todd. By E. G. Latham, 
M.A., M.D. 4 vols. 4to. London, 1866. 

To the above may be added — 
*A Dictionary of English Etymology. By H. Wedgwood, M.A. 

8vo. London, 1859—1866. 
second edition, thoroughly revised and enlarged [much improved] 

Svo. Lb. 1872. 

*A Dictionary of the English Language of the 13th, 14th, and 15th 
centuries. By F. H. Stratmann-. 8vo. KrefeJd, 1864, &c. (in parts). 
second edition [much improved]. 8vo. London, 1873. 

*Etymologisches Woerterbuch der Englischen Sprache. Von 
Eduard Muller. 2 vols. 8vo. Cothen, 1864-7. 



(B.) WOEKS WHICH MOEE PAETICULAELY 
EELATE TO ENGLISH DIALECTS. 

*A Collection of English Words not generally used, with their 
Significations and Original, in two Alphabetical Catalogues, the one 
of such as are proper to the Northern, the other to the Southern 
Counties ; with Catalogues of English Birds, &c. By John Eay, 
FeUow of the Eoyal Society, 12mo., pp. 160. Lo7idon, 1674. 

An interleaved copy in the possession of the E. D. S. contains all the ad- 
ditional notes known as " More's MS. notes to Ray," transcribed by .Sir F. 
Madden, the former owner of the volume. 

The Second Edition, augmented with many Hundreds of Words, 

Observations, Letters, &c. 12mo., pp. 233. London, 1691. 

It is also reprinted in the followin<^ editions of Ray's Collection of English 
Proverbs, viz. 1737, 1742, 1768, 1813, 8vo., and 1818, 12mo. ; all printed in 
London. 

Philosophical Letters between the late learned Mr Eay, and several 
of his ingenious Correspondents, natives and Foreigners. . . Published 
by W. Derham. London, W. and'J. Innys, 1718. 

At pp. 321 — 342 is a letter from Thoresby to Ray, containing a List of 
local words in addition to Ray's List. 

The Correspondence of John Eay. Edited by E. Lankester, M.D., 
F.E.S. . . 8vo., pp. xvi. and 502. London (pr. for the Eay Society), 

Thoresby's Letter to Ray, dated Leeds, April 27, 1703, contains a list of 
local words; see pp. 419 — 430. 



12 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Eara Avis in Terris ; or, the Compleat Miner. By Thomas Houghton. 
. 12mo. London, 1681. 

Contains a Glossary of Mining Terms. 

* Dictionarium Eusticum et Urbanicum ; or, A Dictionary of all 
Sorts of Country Affairs, Handicraft, Trading, and Merchandizing. 
8vo. London, 1704. 

*A Provincial Glossary, with a Collection of Local Proverbs and 
Popular Superstitions. By Fran^cis Geose, Esq., F.A.S. Svo. 
Preface, pp. viii. ; Glossary and Proverbs, A — T 2 ; Superstitions, pp. 
75 ; Supplement to the Glossary, pp. 16. London, 1787. 

Second Edition, corrected and greatly enlarged. Svo. 1790. Preface, 

pp. viii. ; Glossary, A — P 5 ; Local Proverbs, A — K 6 ; Superstitions, 
pp. 57. 

The E. D. S. possesses two interleaved copies, both with numerous MS. 
annotations by various hands, from the Hbrary of Sir Frederic Madden. 

Grose often transcribes tacitly from Ray ; e. g. art. stang, where I think 
we must understand the words 'still used in some colleges' of 1674, not 1790. 
— C. "Wordswoi-th. 

Third Edition. 8vo. pp. 304. London, 1811. 

This edition seems to be very imperfect, having large omissions. The second 
edition is much the best of the three. 

A Provincial Glossary, with a collection of Local Proverbs, &c. By 
r. Grose. A new edition, corrected. London: for E. JeflPery, 11, 
Pall MaU, 1811. 

An edition in 4to. ; pp. 124; apparently differing in no point, except in size 
and by arrangement in double columns, from the Svo. ed. of same date. 

* A Supplement to the Provincial Glossary of Francis Grose, Esq. 

By the late Samuel Pegge, Esq., F.S.A. 8vo., pp. 50. Ih. 1814. 

Generally found at the end of Pegge's Anecdotes of the English Language 
(see Middlesex) ; but a certain number of copies were sold separately. 

*A Glossary of Provincial and Local Words used in England. By 
Francis Grose, Esq., F.R. and A.S.S. To which is now first in- 
corporated the Supplement, by Samuel Pegge, Esq., F.S.A. Post 
8vo., pp. iv. and 188. Lh., J. E. Smith, 1839. 

* The Eural Economy of the Midland Counties. By Mr Marshall. 

2 vols. Svo. Ih. 1790 ; 2nd ed. 1796. 

Pp. 377 — 389 of vol. ii. contain a Glossary of the Agricultural Provincialisms 
of the Midland Counties ; now reprinted for the E. D. S. as Glossary B. 5. 

A Supplement to Dr Johnson's Dictionary of the English Lan- 
guage, or a Glossary of Obsolete and Provincial Words. By the late 
Eev. Jonathan" Boucher, A.M., vicar of Epsom. Part the First. 
4to. London, 1807. 

This Part contains letter A, and no more was printed. It was published 
after Mr Boucher's death by his friend, Sir Frederick Morton Eden. 

^Boucher's Glossary of Archaic and Provincial Words : a Supple- 
ment to the Dictionaries of the English Language, particularly those 



A. 1.] GENERAL BOOKS ON DIALECTS. 13 

of Dr Johnson and Dr Webster. By the late Eev. Jonathan 
Boucher, A.M. and F.S.A., vicar of Epsom, in the County of Surrey ; 
edited jointly by the Eev. Joseph Hunter, P.S.A., and Joseph 
Stevenson, Esq. 4to. London, 1832-3. 

Only tivo parts ever appeared. The first part, from A to AuT, contains 
sheets A — L ; the second part, from AuT to Blade, contains sheets M — Z. 
See the review in Garnett's Essays. 

^Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language ; with the Sup- 
plement. 4 vols. 4to. Edinhurgh, 1808-25. 

The best work on provincial English. The abridged edition, by John John- 
ston, as revised by Dr Longmuir, 8vo., ib., 1867, is a most convenient book of 
reference. 

Northern Garlands. The Bishopric Garland ; or Durham Minstrel, 
a choice Collection of excellent Songs. The Yorkshire Garland, a 
curious Collection of old and new Songs. The Northumberland Gar- 
land or Newcastle Nightingale, a matchless collection of famous songs. 
The North Country Chorister : an unparalleled variety of excellent 
Songs. Edited by the late Joseph Eitson. 8vo. London, E. Trip- 
hook, 1810. 

Observations on Popular Antiquities, &c. By John Brand, M.A. 
Arranged and revised, with Additions, by Henry Ellis. 2 vols. 4to. 
London, 1813. 

* republished, with considerable additions, in Bohn's Antiquarian 

Library, 3 vols, post 8vo. 1848. Another edition, in 3 vols. 8vo., has 
been edited by Mr Hazlitt. 

A Compendious Dictionary of the Veterinary Art. By J. White. 
12mo., pp. 334. London, 1817. 

The terras nsed in Veterinary Medicine are all arranged in alphabetical 
order. It gives an explanation of Anbury, Anticor, to Bar a vein, Bishopping, 
Black leg or Quarter evil, &c., and might prove of service in defining some 
words. 

Antiquitates Curiosae ; the Etymology of many remarkable Old Say- 
ings, Proverbs, and Singular Customs. By Joseph Taylor. 18mo. 
London, 1818. 

A Glossary ; or a Collection of Words, Phrases, Names, and Allu- 
sions to Customs, Proverbs, &c., which have been thought to require 
Illustration in the Works of English Authors. By Egbert Nares, 
Archdeacon. 4to. London, 1822. 

* Nares (Archdeacon). A Glossary, or Collection of Words, Phrases, 

Customs, Proverbs, &c., illustrating the works of English Authors, 
particularly Shakespeare and his contemporaries. A new Edition, 
with considerable Additions, both of Words and Examples. By 
James 0. Halliwell, F.E.S., and Thos. Wright, M.A., E.S.A. 2 
thick vols. 8vo. London, 1859. 

The Glossary of Archdeacon Nares is by far the best and most useful work 
we possess for explaining and illustrating the obsolete language and the cus- 
toms and manners of the 16th and 17th centuries, and it is quite indispensable 
for the readers of the literature of the Elizabethan period. The additional 
words and examples are distinguished from those in the original text by a + 



14 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

prefixed to each. The work contains between five and six thousand alditional 
examples, the result of original research, not merely supplementary to Nares, 
but to other compilations of the kind. 

A Glossary of North Country Words in use, from an original Manu- 
script in the Library of John George Lambton, Esq., M.P., with con- 
siderable Additions. By John Trotter Brockett, F.S.A. 8vo. 
Pp. xxxvi and 244. Neivcastle-upon-Tyne, 1825. 

[Second Edition.] Svo., pp. xii and 343. lb. 1829. 

* The author may be permitted to denominate this an entire new work, rather 
than a second edition of his former publication.'- — Preface, p. v. 

■^ Third Edition, corrected and enlarged. 2 vols. 8vo., pp. xxv and 

254 ; and 242. Ih. 1846. 

Every-day Book ; or everlasting Calendar of Popular Amusements, 
Sports, Pastimes, Ceremonies, Manners, Customs, and Events, &c. 
By William Hone. 2 vols. 8vo. Loiidon, 1825-7. 

The Table-book. By Wm. Hone. 2 vols. Svo. lb. 1827-8. 

The Year-book of Daily Eecreation and Information, concerning lle- 
markable Men, Manners, Times, Seasons, &c. By Wm. Hone. 8vo. 
Ih. 1832. 

These five vols, are sometimes issued together ; they have frequently been 
re-issued by Messrs Tegg. Tliey well illustrate popular customs, &c. 

A Glossary and Etymological Dictionary of Obsolete and Uncommon 
Words, Antiquated Phrases, &c. . . . with Historical Notices of An- 
cient Customs, Manners, &c. By William Toone. 12mo., pp. viii 
and 467. London, 1832. 

2nd ed., with additions. 12mo. Ih. 1834. 

The Graphic and Historical Illustrator ; an original Miscellany of 
Literary, Antiquarian, and Topographical Information. By E. W. 
Brayley. 4to., pp. iv and 416. London, 1834. 

Quarterly Eeview (Feb. 1836), No. 110 : contains an Article on the 
Local Dialects of England, written by the Eev. Eichard Garnett. 
Afterwards reprinted in Garnett' s Philological Essays, pp. 41 — 77. 

A History of English Ehythms. By Edwin Guest, M.A. 2 vols. 
8vo. London, 1838. 

See vol. ii. pp. 187 — 207, for remarks on the varieties of our Dialects, with 
references to oiu* old dramatists who made some of their characters speak in a 
provincial dialect. 

A Dictionary of the Anglo-Saxon Language, etc. By the Eev. J. 
BoswoRTii, LL.D. Eoyal 8vo., pp. ccviii and 721. London, 1838. 

In the Preface, at p. xxvii, is a list of the principal books upon English 
dialects ; and in pp. xxviii — xxxiii are specimens of the Craven, the Derby- 
shire, the ICxmoor, the Lancashire, and the Somersetshire dialects. 

*A General Dictionary of Provincialisms, written with a view to 
rescue from oblivion the fast fading relics of bygone days. By Wil- 
liam HoLLOWAY. 8vo., pp. 218 (double columns). Sussex Press, 
Lewes, 1839. 



A. 1.] GENERAL BOOKS ON DIALECTS. 15 

Far from being a general Dictionary, the compiler appears to have seen 
only the following works, viz., Tim Bobbin's Lancashire Dialect, Grose'sGlos- 
sary (but without Pegge's additions), the first edition of the Craven Dialect, 
Jennings' Somersetshire dialect, Forby's Vocabulary of East Anglia, and 
Specimens of Yorkshire Dialect. The work, nevertheless, contains much that 
is new with respect to the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Hampshire. 

*A Bibliographical List of the works that have been published 
towards illustrating The Provincial Dialects of England. By John 
IRussELL Smith. 12nio., pp. 24. London, J. E. Smith, 1839. 

The N'ursery Ehymes of England. Arranged in Classes, with an 
Historical Introduction. Edited by J. 0. Halliwell. Post 8vo. 
London (Percy Society), 1842. 

oth edition. 12mo. J6., 1853. 

Popular Ehymes and Nursery Tales; with historical elucidations. 
By J. 0. Halliwell. 12mo., pp. xi and 276. /&., J. E. Smith, 1849. 

On the Language and Dialects of the British Islands. By the Eev. 
EiCHARD (jtARNETT. Several papers. Philological Society's Trans- 
actions, 1844-5. Eeprinted in G-amett's Essays, 1859. 

On the North-Anglian Dialect. By J. M. Kemble. Phil. Soc. 
Trans. 1845. 

MS. List of Provincialisms. By Dr Eoots, of Kingston. See Phil. 
Soc. Trans. 1845, ii. 149. 
Lost. 

MS. List of Provincialisms. By Eev. Dr Williamson. See Phil. 
Soc. Trans. 1845, ii. 149. 
Lost. 

Ancient Poems, Ballads, and Songs of the Peasantry of England. 
Edited by James H. Dixon. Post 8vo. London (Percy Society), 

Eeprinted in Bell's Annotated Edition of the English Poets ; and 

again by Charles Griffin. Ih., n. d. 

A Collection of Proverbs and Popular Sayings, relating to the 
Seasons, the Weather, and Agricultural Pursuits, gathered chiefly 
from oral tradition. By M. A. Deniiam. Post 8vo, London (Percy 
Society), 1846. 

*A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, obsolete Phrases, 
Proverbs, and Ancient Customs, from the Eourteenth Centurj'. By 
James Orchard Halliwell, Esq., F.E.S. 2 vols. 8vo., pp. xxxvi 
and 960. Eifth edition. London, J. E. Smith, 1865. 
The first edition appeared in 1847. 

An Historical Sketch of the Provincial Dialects of England . . . 
extracted from the 'Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words.' 
By James Orchard Halliwell. 8vo. London, J. Eussell Smith. 
1847. 

Denham Tracts ; or a few Pictures of the Olden Time, in connexion 



16 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

with the North of England and Isle of Man. By Michael Aislabie 
Denham. 12mo. Neivcastle-upon-Tyne, G. B. Eichardson, 1851-59. 
There is a catalogue of these tracts, which must be looked to. 

'^A Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial English. By Thomas 
Wright. 2 vols. 8vo. London, H. G. Bohn, 1857. (In Bohn's 
Philological and Philosophical Library.) 

A Volume of Vocabularies. Edited by Thomas Wright. 8vo. 
Liverpool (privately printed). 1857. 

A second volume has since appeared. A new edition, combining both vol- 
umes, will shortly be published by Messrs Triibner. 

*The Philological Essays of the late Eev. Eichard Garnett. Edited 
by his son. 8vo. London, 1859. 

Contains an Essay on English Lexicography, pp. 1 — 40 ; on English Dia- 
lects, pp. 41 — 77 ; and on the Languages and Dialects of the British Islands, 
pp. 147—195. 

Choice Notes from ' Notes and Queries ; ' Folklore, . . . Local 
Dialects, &c. 12mo. London, 1859. 

Tales and Eecollections of the Southern Coast. Bv W. Clayton. 
1861. 

Deuxieme Catalogue des Ouvrages destines a faciliter I'etude com- 
parative des langues Europeennes, edites par le Prince Louis-Lucien 
Bonaparte. Loiidres, 1862. (Privately printed.) 

Ouvrages publies par le Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte, dans le 

courant de I'annee 1862, apres I'impression de son deuxieme catalogue. 
(Privately printed.) 

The Prince has presented copies of these two catalogues to the E. D. S. 

On some leading characteristics of Northumbrian, &c. By E. B. 
Peacock. Philological Society's Transactions, 1862-3 ; pp. 234-264. 

reprinted in 8vo., pp. 35. Berlin, A. Asher; London, Bell and 

Daldy, 1863. Also in 1869, at the end of his Glossary of the dialect 
of the hundred of Lonsdale. 

The Book of Days ; a Miscellany of Popular Antiquities, Edited by 
E. Chambers. 2 vols. imp. 8vo. London and Edinhurgh, 1864. 

The Poetry of Provincialisms (an Essay on local words) ; in the 
CornhiU Magazine, vol. xii. p. 30. (July, 1865.) 

Handbook of Weather Folklore. By Eev. C. Swainson. 8vo., 
pp. X and 275. London, 1873. 

To these may be added the following : — 
*A MS. Collection of Provincial Words, by Bishop Kennett ; MS. 
LansdoYvaie 1033, in the British Museum. 

Often referred to in Halliwell's Dictionary ; a collection of considerable im- 
portance. A transcript of it has been kindly lent to the E. D. S. by Mr Med- 
licott. 

*A MS. Provincial Glossary, including a Collection of Obscure and 



A. 1.] GENERAL BOOKS ON DIALECTS. 17 

Antiquated Words, Local Proverbs, and Popular Superstitions, form- 
■ ing a supplement to Grose's Provincial Glossary. By D. A. 

Purchased by Sir F. Madden of Thomas Rodd in 1867 ; and now in the 
possession of the E. D. S. Tbe author is unknown. The Glossary is par- 
ticularly strong in English words used in Ireland. 

Gentleman's Magazine : contains several useful notes, especially at 
the following references, viz. vol. iii. p. 532 (on West Country dia- 
lect) ; vol. xvi. (1746), pp. 297, 352, 405 (on the Devonshire dialect); 
1790, pt. i. pp. 26, 294 (on Provincial Glossaries); Dec. 1793, p. 1038 
(on Local Expressions); 1820, pt. i. pp. 115, 116, 202, 411 ; 1825, pt. 
i. 396 (on Yorkshire terms for corporal punishment) ; 1826, pt. ii. p. 
620 (review of Jennings' Somersetsh. Glos., with additions) ; 1827, pt. 
i. p. 320 (on Stump pye) ; 1829, pt. ii. pp. 142, 316, 408, 488 (review 
of Brockett, &c.); 1830, pt. i. p. 37 (review of Forby) ; 1832, pt. ii. 
p. 290, and 1833, pt. i. p. 386 (on the word Foy-boat) ; 1833, pt. i. pp. 
290, 424 (on Spurring) ; 1836, pt. i. pp. 499, 606 (North of England) ; 
1836, pt. ii. p. 589, and 1838, pt. ii. 489 (on the Shetland dialect) ; 
1839, pt. ii. 239 ; 1840, i. 31 ; &c. &c. 

Monthly Magazine : contains several useful articles. See especially 
the following, viz. 1813; 1814, pt. i. p. 31 (Berwickshire); 1814, pt. 
ii. p. 114 (on S. Wilts.) ; id. pp. 127, 331 (Somerset); p. 498 (Essex); 
1815, pt. i. p. 125 (Essex) ; id. p. 127 (Lancashire) ; 1815, pt. ii. p. 
297 (Derby) ; 1816, pt. i. pp. 312, 494 (Derby) ; &c. &c. 

Notes and Queries. First Series, vols. i. to xii., 1850-55 ; Second 
Series, vols. i. to xii., 1856-61 ; Third Series, vols. i. to xii., 1862-67; 
Fourth Series, vols. i. to xii., 1868-73 ; Fifth Series, vol. i., &c., 1874 — . 

The indices to N. and Q. will prove of small use to the E. D. S,, because 
there is no special heading for provincialisms. A complete index of these pro- 
vincialisms ought to be made at once. Members who will volunteer to do 
this are requested to apply to the Secretary. 

Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. By the Rev. E. C. Brewer, LL.D. 
8vo, pp. vi. and 979. London, n. d. 

We may also note the Chapters on Dialects in The English Lan- 
guage, by R. G. Latham, M.A., M.D., F.R.S. See chapters vi. to 
xvi., in part ii. ; pp. 342—411, 5th ed. 1862. 

It is beyond the scope of this present list to mention the numerous 
books which may incidentally prove of use, such as the works of 
Gerard, Culpepper, Gervase Markham, Blome's Gentleman's Recrea- 
tion, and the like. It must also be borne in mind that there are 
numerous Technical Glossaries which may occasionally be serviceable, 
especially such as relate to gardening, husbandry, farriery, mining, 
manufactures, and other subjects wherein provincial words are 
occasionally used. 



18 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

SECTION IL- WORKS WHICH ILLUSTRATE THE 
DIALECTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ENGLAND. 

Bedfordshire. — *An Orthoepical Analysis of the English Language ; 
or an Essay on the nature of its simple and combined sounds ; the 
manner of their formation by the vocal organs ; the minute varieties 
which constitute a depraved or provincial pronunciation, and the 
inadequacy of attempting to explain them by means of the English 
alphabet. The whole illustrated and exemplified by the use of a new 
Orthoepical Alphabet, or Universal Character, which (with a few ad- 
ditions) furnishes an easy method of explaining every diversity of 
language and dialect among civilized nations ; to ^ which is added a 
minute and copious analysis of the Dialect of Bedfordshire. Designed 
for the use of Provincial Schools. By T. Batchelor, author of 
* Village Scenes, and other poems,' and of ' A general View of the 
Agriculture of the co. of Bedford.' 8vo ; pp. viii and 165. London^ 
1809. 

Berkshire. — The Unton Inventories relating to Wadley and Far- 
ingdon, in 1596 and 1620. Edited, with a Memoir of the family of 
Unton, by John Gough Nichols. For the Berkshire Ashmolean 
Society. Sm. 4to. Reading y 1841. 

Glossary of Berkshire Provincialisms by William Hewett, Junr. 
(Unpublished.) Reading , 1847. 

The Scouring of the White Horse. [By T. Hughes, M.P.] Cam- 
bridge : Macmillan and Co. 1859. 

Contains several specimens of the Berkshire dialect, including songs ; also 
the Zong of the Zimimezetshire old Geamster, p. 120. See especially the 
« Ballad of the Scouring of the White Horse,' p. 71 ; ' The Lay of the Hunted 
Pig,' p. 139; 'Cupid's Garden,' p. 163; ' Tovey's Tap,' p. 166; * Gaarge 
Ridler's Oven,' p. 170 ; 'Buttermilk Jack,' p. 171 ; 'The Barkshire Tragedy,' 
p. 158 ; ' Cork Job, a Berkshire Legend,' p. 225. 

*A Glossary of Provincial Words used in Berkshire. [By Job 
LouSLEY.] Post 8vo, pp. 14. London, J. Gray Bell, 1852. 

A few remarks on the Berkshire dialect will be found in Vol. IV. 
of Nichols' Bibliotheca Topographica Britannica, 4to, 1783 ; pp. 
55 — 57 ; see also pp. 50 and 80. 

Buckinghamshire. — The only specimen of the dialect of this county 
is to be found in a Dialogue with a Buckinghamshire peasant quoted 
from Good Words of July, 1869, in the Times, July 12, 1869. 

It may be observed also, that Bp Kennet's ' Parochial Antiquities ' 
is chiefly concerned with ' Ambrosden, Burcester, and other adjacent 
parts in the Counties of Oxford and Bucks J 

Cheshire. — An Attempt at a Glossary of some Words used in 
Cheshire. By Eoger Wilbeaham, Esq., P.E.S. and P.S.A. See pp. 
13 — 42 of vol. xix. of the Archseologia (pubhshed by the Antiquarian 
Society of London). 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CHESHIRE, CORNWALL. 19 

An Attempt at a Glossary of some Words used in Cheshire, 
communicated to the Society of Antiquaries by Roger, Wilbraham, 
Esq., &c. Reprinted from the Archseologia, vol. xix., with consider- 
able additions. 12mo, pp. 91. London, 1820. 
This edition was not printed for sale. 

*An Attempt at a Glossary of some Words used in Cheshire. By 
Roger Wilbraiiam. From the Archseologia, vol. xix. Second ed. 
with considerable additions; pp. 117. London, pr. for T. Rodd, Gt 
Ne^7)ort Street, 1826. 

The Glossary occupies pp. 13 — 117. 

Reprinted for E. Lumley. Lh., 1836. 

The Holy Lyfe and History of Sayut Werburghe ; very frutefull for 
all Christen people to rede. Reprinted from the edition of 1521. 
Edited by Edward Hawkixs, Esq. Sm. 4to, pp. xxii and 213. 
Printed for the Chetham Society. Manchester, 1848. 

Reprinted from the rave quarto by Pynson. The author of this poem was 
Henry Bradshaw, a native of Chester. See Warton, Hist. Eng. Poetry, ed. 
1873, iii. 140. 

Ballads and Legends of Cheshire. 8vo, pp, xxiii and 314. London^ 
1867. (Preface signed Egerton Leigh. The only piece illustrative of 
the dialect is an extract from Bradsliaw's Life of St Werburghe.) 

Hunting Songs. By R. E. Egerton Warburton. 2nd Edition. 
London, Longman, 1860. 

Contains two Cheshire dialect songs, one entitled Farmer Newstyle and Far- 
mer Oldstyle, the other called * Farmer Dobbin.' — (See below.) 

The Birthplace of Tim Bobbin, in the Parish of Flixton. By Ed- 
Wiisr Waijgh. Svo, pp. 61. Manchester, n. d. 

At p. 24 will be found a capital Cheshire song — ' Farmer Dobbin ; or a day 
wi' the Cheshire Fox Dogs.' [By R. E. E. Warburton, Esq.— W. E. A. A.] 

N.B. This song is reprinted in Dr Latham's book on 'The English Lan- 
guage'; othcd. 1862, p. 370. 

The Cheshire and Lancashire Historical Collector; edited by T. 
WoRTHiNGTON Barlow, E.L.S., author of Holmes Chapel, &c. 8vo. 
2 vols, Manchester, J. G. Bell, 1855. (A periodical which ran to 18 
nos. The notices bearing on the dialect are very few. See p. 60, on 
* enough and enoo.') 

Cornwall. — The tracts relating to the English dialect of Cornwall 
are small but numerous, and very difficult to arrange. The following 
account of them has been kindly communicated to the E. D. S. by 
Messrs G. C. Boase and W. P. Courtney, the learned editors of the 
* Bibliotheca Cornubiensis,' who are probably the sole writers who 
are fully competent to deal with the subject. The arrangement is 
according to the alphabetical order of the authors' names, as far as 
was practicable. A few anonymous works, (fee, follow at the end. 

Baragawaneth, Robin, psnid., i. e. 

The Wooden Horse for the Rounder and the Horse without a Head. 



^0 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Taalked about in our Chimney Comer at Skewjack, and put on Peaper 
by the Blacksmith Dickee, for our Denery, sent with the boy Will, 
by me Eobin Baraga waneth. Penzance, J. Thomas, 1824. 12mo, 
pp. 13. 2d. 

Bell, Egbert, h. Cork, 1800. d. London, 12th April, 1867. 

Ancient Poems, Ballads, and Songs, of the Peasantry of England. 
By E. Bell. London, Parker, 1857. 8vo, pp. 252. 2s. Qd. 
Note. — Contains some Cornish Ballads. 
BoASE, G. C, and Courtney, W. P. 

Bibliotheca Cornubiensis. A Catalogue of the writings both manu- 
script and printed of Cornishmen, and of works relating to the County 
of Cornwall, with biographical memoranda and copious literary re- 
ferences. By George Clement Boase and William Prideaux Courtney. 
Volume I. A — 0. London, Longman, 1874. Imperial 8vo, pp. xii 
and 417. 21s. 

Note. — The Second Part of Vol. II. will contain a list of references to the 
books on the Cornish Dialect described in the pages of the Bibliotheca. 

BoTTRELL^ William, Junior, h. Eaftra, St Levan^ 7 March, 1816. 

Traditions and hearth-side stories of West Cornwall. By W. Bot- 
trell. [An Old Celt.) Penzance, 1870, printed for the author by W. 
Cornish. 8vo, pp. vi and 287. 5s. Qd. 

Traditions and hearth-side stories of West Cornwall. By W. Bot- 
trell. With Illustrations by Mr Joseph Blight. Second Series. Pen- 
zance, printed for the author by Beare and Son, 1873. 8vo, pp. iv 
and 300. 

Note. — Both these works contain many illustrations of Dialect. In the 

Second Series is a Glossary of Local Words, pp. 291-92. 

CoRNUBiAN, pseud., i. e. John Trenhaile, q. v. 
CoRNUBJAN West, pseud., i. e. 

A New Budget of Cornish Poems, by Comubian West. Camborne, 
printed by T. T. Whear, Market-place, 1865. Svo, pp. 36. 6d. 

Couch, Thomas Quiller, M.E.C.S., F.S.A. (son of Jonathan Couch), 
h. Polperro. 

The History of Polperro, a Fishing Town on the south coast of 
Cornwall ; being a description of the place, its people, their manners, 
customs, modes of industry, etc. By the late Jonathan Couch, F.L.S., 
etc., etc. With an accoimt of the life and labours of the author, and 
many additions on the popular antiquities of the district. By T. Q. 
Couch, F.S.A. Truro, W. Lake, Boscawen Street, 1871. 8vo. os. 
A^oif^.— Chapter xii. pp. 170—185 treats of Obsolete and Obsolescent Words. 
The greater portion of this had previously appeared in Journal of Royal In- 
stitution of Cornwall, March 1864, pp. 6—26; April 1870, pp. 173-79, and 
in Notes & Queries, 1 S., x. 178-80, 300-302, 318-20, 358-60, 418-20, 440-41, 
479-80 ; 2 S., iii. 240. Other notices of Cornish words by various persons 
occur in N. & Q., 1 S., x. 354, 376, 414 ; 2 S., iii. 239, 438, 473. 

Daniel, Henry John (son of Samuel Daniel), h. Lostwithiel, 14th 
Feb., 1818. 

The Cornish Thalia ; being original Cornish Poems, illustrative of 
the Cornish Dialect. By H. J. Daniel. Devonport, printed by W. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CORNWALL. 21 

Wood 52, Fore Street; London, J". E. Smith.; n.d. [18 — ]. 12mo, 
pp. 48. 6(Z. 

A Companion for the Cornish Thalia ; being original Humorous 
Pieces in the Cornish and Devonshire Dialects. By H. J. Daniel. 
Devonport, W. Wood, n.d. [18—], 12mo, pp. 46. Qd. 

Note. — Contains * Uncle Will's Story,' by W. B. Forfar, copied from 

♦ Pentowan.' 

Mary Anne's Experiences, Mary Anne's Wedding, Mary Anne's 
Trip up the Tamar. By H. J. Daniel. Ih., W. Wood; London, 
Houlston and Wright ; n.d. [18— ],_ 12mo, pp. 24. 3d 

Mary Anne's Career and Cousin Jack's Adventures. By H. J. 
Daniel. Bevonport, W. Wood; London, J. E. Smith.; n.d. [18 — ], 
12mo, pp. 48. 6d. 

Mirth for Long Evenings. By H. J. Daniel. lb., W. Wood, n.d. 
[18—], 12mo, pp. 48. 6d. 

Mirth for ' One and All,' or Comic Tales and Sketches. By H. J. 
Daniel. lb., W. Wood, n.d. [18—], 12mo, pp. 48. 6d. 

Bobby Poldue and his Wife Sally at the Great Exhibition. By H. 
J. DanieL lb., W. Wood, n.d. [18—], 12mo, pp. 25. ed. 

Note. — Contains * The Tale of the Oysters,' by W. B. Forfar, put into vei'se. 

Humorous Cornisb Legends. By H. J. Daniel, lb., W. Wood, 
n.d. [18—], 12mo, pp. 46. 6d. 

A new Budget of Cornish. Poems. By H. J. Daniel, lb., W. Wood, 
n.d. [18—], 12mo, pp. 48. 6d. 

The Muse in Motley, or a Wallet of Whimsies. By H. J. Daniel. 
lb.,W. Wood, n.d. [1867], 12mo, pp. 48. 6d. 

Pickings from my Portfolio ; comprising Cornish Comic and other 
Humorous Pieces. By H. J. Daniel, lb., W. Wood, n.d. [18 — ], 
pp. 48. 6d. 

De Courson, Aurelien. 

Histoire des Peuples Bretons dans le Gaule, et dans les Hes Bri- 
tanniques, Langue, Coutumes, Mceurs, Institutions, &c. , &c. , avec un 
Glossaire Cornouaillais, Armorican et Gallois. Par Aurelien De 
Courson. Paris, 1846. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Elfin, pseud., i. e. Georgina Yerrall, q. v. 
English, Henry. 

Glossary of Mining Terms used in South. America, Cornwall, and 
Derbyshire. By H. English. 1830. 8vo. 

Note. — Originally appeared as a Supplement to ' The Mining Review.' 
The Glossary of the Cornish Mining Terms was compiled by W. J. Henwood, 
F.R.S. 

Forfar, Willi AM Bentinck {son of John Bentinclc Forfar), h. Breage. 

The Bdl ; or 'Tes a bra'keenly lode— dedicated to one and all. By 
W. B. Forfar. A Song — 24 verses. Helston, E. Cunnack, 1850. 

Pentowan ; or the Adventures of Gregory Goulden, Esq., and Tobias 
Penhale. A Cornish Story. By W. B. Forfar. lb., E. Cunnack, 
Market Place; London, W. Kent and Co., 1859. 8vo, pp. viii and 
256. 55. M. 

The Helston Furry day; an account of its origin and celebration, 
with the music of the ancient Furry dance. Helston, E. Cunnack, 
1861. 12mo, pp. 16. 



22 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Pengersick Castle. A Cornisli Tale. By W. B. Forfar, Truro, 
J. E. Netherton, 1862. 8vo, pp. vi and 200. 3s. 

Cousin Jan's Courtship and Marriage ; The Exhibition (A Sequel 
to ' The Bal'). /6., J. E. Netherton, 1859. Sm. 8vo, pp. 17.— 1862. 
8yo, pp. 24. Qd. 

Found Drowned. A Tale founded on fact ; by the author of ' The 
Great Grizzler.' Ih., Netherton, 1863. 12mo, pp. 24. 

Kynance Cove ; or The Cornish Smugglers. A Tale of the last 
century. By W. B. Forfar. London, J. E, Smith, 1865. 8vo, pp. 
V and 154. 2s. 

Eozzy Trenoodle and his Leathern Bag. A Cornish Tale. By W. 
B. Forfar. Truro, J. E. Netherton, 1865. 12mo, pp. 6. 

The Wizard of West Penwith ; a tale of the Land's End. By W. 
B. Forfar. Penzance, printed and published by W. Cornish, 1871. 
Eoyal 12mo. 3s. 6c?. to subscribers. 

Note. — Several of W. B. Forfar's Stories have been frequently reprinted in 

the various editions of Cornish Tales published at Truro by J. R. Netherton. 

Fox, Charles {son of Joseph Fox), h. Falmouth, d. Caroline 
Buildings, Batli, 1809. 

A [Cornish] Dialogue between Gracey Penrose and Mally Trevisky. 
By C. Fox [1790?]. Printed in Polwhele's Cornwall, v. 25-26; 
Paris' Guide to Mount's Bay (1828), pp. 266-69; Cyrus Bedding's 
Itinerary of Cornwall (1842), pp. 169—171 ; J. Trenhaile's Dolly 
Pentreath and other humorous Tales (1854), pp. 43—46; Cornish 
Tales {Truro, 1867), pp. 80—83. 

Gervis, Marianne, nee Edgcome. h. Penryn, 1795. d. Mylor 

Bridge, 1861. 
Original Cornish Ballads. Anon. 1846. 8vo. See Miles, S. E. 
Gilbert, Davies, F.E.S., F.A.S. (sotz of Rev. Ediv. Giddy), assumed 

the name of Gilbert, 10 Dec, 1817. h. St Erth, 6 March, 1767. 

d. Eastbourne, 24 Dec, 1839. . 

Some ancient Christmas Carols, with the tunes to which they were 
formerly sung in the west of England. Collected by D. Gilbert, 
F.E.S. [Engraved plates of the music] London, J. Nichols and 
Son, 1822. 8vo. bs. 

second edition. Together with the ancient ballads, a dialogue, 

etc., 1823. 8vo, pp. x and 80. 5s. 

third edition, 1889. 8vo. 

Halliwell, James Orchard, F.E.S., F.S.A. {son of Thos. Halli- 
tvell). h. Sloane St, Chelsea, 21 June, 1820. 

A Dictionary of Archaic and provincial words, obsolete phrases, 
proverbs, and ancient customs, from the 14th century. By J. O. 
Halliwell. Londoii, J. E. Smith, 1847. 2 vols. 8vo. 15s. 

second edition, 1850. 2 vols. 8vo. — Brixton Hill, [112 copies 

only] printed for private circulation, 1852, 2 vols. fol. 

Note. — Contains an account of the Cornisli dialect, with ' The Cornwall 
Schoolboy,' and ' A Western Eclogue ' (ed. 1847), pp. xii-xiii. 

Sketches of the Provincial Dialects of England. By J. O. Halli- 
well. London, J. E. Smith, 1847. 8vo, pp. 18. 2s. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CORNWALL. 23 

Note. — This is the introductory part of the previous work, sold separately, 
with a new Title. 

Harvey, Thomas Kingston {third son of Rev. W. W. Harvey), 
b. Penzance, 26 Feb., 1831. d. Constantinople, 23 April, 1872. 
Harkyology. Mr Theodosius Smitheram's account of tlie sayings 
and doings of tlie Cambrian Archseological Association. Eecited at 
Truro on Thursday evening, September 4, 1862. By T. H. H[arvey]. 
Truro, J. E. Netherton, 1862. 18mo, pp. 15. 6d. 

Henwood, George (son of Nicholas Hemvood). b. Penryn, 25 Sept., 
1809. 

A Great Mine Conference ; tlie Gwennap Bal Boys ; the PrecLen 
Cappen ; the fox outwitted by a cock, a legend of St Germans ; dia- 
logue about India, China, railways, and unions ; and :hepoor man and 
his parish church. Devonport, W. Wood, n.d. [1869]. 12mo, pp. 50. 
Qd. 

Note.—ThQ first three articles, occupying pp. 1-33, are by G. Henwood. 
HiGHAM, Robert H. 

Jan Parkins the Poacher, .how he escaped the law ; and the two 
young Cornish Miners at Tavistock Goose Fair, what they saw and 
heard. By Robert H. Higham. Devonport, printed by J. R. H. 
Spry, 9 Tavistock St, n.d. [18—]. 8vo, pp. 16. 4cZ. 

Higham, T. R. 

A Dialogue between Tom Thomas and Bill Bilkey, two Cornish 
Miners.— The Snake. By T. R. H[igham]. Truro, J. R. Netherton, 
n.d. [1866]. 8vo, pp. 24. 

The Cornish Farmer and the Squire, a Poem. By T. R. H[igham]. 
Netherton^ s Cornish Almanac, 1868, p. 11. 

'Lizbeth Jane's Courtship, being another Dialogue between Tom 
Thomas and Bill Bilkey. By T. R. H[igham]. Ih. 1869, p. 2. 

Note. — The last two are reprinted in * Four Cornish Tales ' (Truro, J. K. 

Netherton, 1870, 8vo), pp. 11 and 15 respectively, 

Edwin Lukey's Trip to Town. \_Anon. By T. R. Higham.] Printed 
in Cornish Tales [Truro, J. R. Netherton), 1867. 8vo, pp. 66—70. 

Betty White. — Jimmy's Story, ih. pp. 71 — 79. 

A Dialogue between Betty Penstraze and Sally Trembath, ih. pp. 
132-47. 

Hunt, Robert, F.R.S. {son of Robert Hunt), b. Devonport, 6 Sept., 
1807. 

Popular Romances of the West of England, or the drolls, traditions, 
and superstitions of Old Cornwall. Collected and edited by Robert 
Hunt. Illustrated by Cruikshank. London, J. C. Hotten, 1865. 2 
vols. 8vo. 16s. 

Miles, Sibella Elizabeth {daughter of John Wesfby Hatfield, and 
icife of Alfred Miles), b. Falmouth, 28 Sept., 1800. 

Original Cornish Ballads, chiefly founded on stories, humorously 
told by Mr Trogellas in his Popular Lectures on * Peculiarities,' to 
which are appended some Drafts of Kindred Character from the port- 
folio of the Editress [i. e. Marianne Gervis, q. v.], the whole prefixed 



34 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

by an Introductory Essay on tlie peculiar characteristics of tlie Corn- 
ish Peasantry from the gifted pen of Mrs Miles. London, Simpkin. 
Printed by T. Whitehorn, Penryn, 1846. Post 8vo, pp. 60. 2s. Qd. 
Note. — The whole of the Ballads are by Mrs Gervis, with the exception of 
The Blind Miner and the Stanzas on the last page, which are by Mrs Miles. 

Netherton, Edwin {son of James Netherton). b. Truro, 17 May, 
1828. Drowned in St Clement's Eiver, near Truro, 4 Jan., 1870. 
The Song of Solomon in the Living Cornish Dialect. From the 
Authorised English Version. \_Anon.'] 1859. 12mo, pp. 20. 

Note. — * The Song of Solamun ' was translated by E. Netherton, at the re- 
quest of Prince L. L. Bonaparte. On the last page is the following notice : 
* I certify that only 250 copies of this work have been printed, of which one is 
on thick paper. — George Barclay, 28, Castle St, Leicester Square.' 

Ketherton, James Eesuggan (hrotJier of the preceding), b. Truro, 
8 July, 1818. 

Netherton's Cornish Almanac for 1854. Printed and sold by 
Netherton. Truro, 1854. 8vo. 

Note. — This Almanac has since been continued annually. The numbers are 
frequently found to contain Tales (either original or reproduced) in the Corn- 
ish dialect. 

O'DoNOGHUE, Eev. Francis Talbot, B.A. (son of Lieut.- Col. Daniel 
Michael ODonoghue). b. Tipperary, 12 Dec, 1817. 

St Knighton's Kieve. A Cornish Tale. With a postscript and 
glossary. By the Eev. F. T. O'Donoghue, B.A., Yicar of Ticken- 
ham, Somerset, and Chaplain to the Marquis of Westmeath. London, 
Smith and Elder, 1864. 8vo, pp. iv and 304. 10s. 6d. 

Paris, John Ayrton, M.D., F.E.S. b, Cambridge, 7 Aug., 1785. 
d. London, 24 Dec, 1856. 

A Guide to the Mount's Bay and the Land's End. [Anon. By 
J. A. Paris.] Sold by T. Yigurs. Penzance, 1816. 12mo. 

second edition. By a Physician [i. e. J. A. Paris]. Ih., 1824. 

Svo. 

new edition, Ih., 1828. Svo. 

Note. — In the 1828 edition, pp. 266-69 is ' a Cornish Dialogue between 
(jrrace Penvear and Mary Treviskey ' [with a Glossary of the diflScult words at 
the foot of the page]. Cf. aafe. Fox, Charles. 

Pascoe, Charlotte Champion (daughter of Col. James Williams and 
wife of Rev. Thomas Pascoe, V. of St Hilary), d. !Naiiskeval, 
Mawgan in Pydar, 20 May, 1874, aged 93. 

Wan and Aell, a Cornish Drawel, as zung, zold an spauken by 
Barzillai Baragweneth pruving to junivarsal zatisfaction that Coarn- 
well is held the fust county in Ingleland (more 'special by those as 
enters from the Westard and tarries there). With notes by a Eriend. 
Penzance, E. T. Yibert, 1861. 8vo, pp. 24. 

Penwarne, John. 

Tregeagle of Dozmary Pool. [By John Penwarne.] And original 
Cornish Ballads. Devonport, W. Wood, n.d. [1866]. 12mo, pp. 50. 

Polwhele, Eev. Eichard (only son of Thomas Polwhele). b. Truro, 
6 Jan., 1760. d. Truro, 12 March, 1838. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CORNWALL. 25 

The History of Cornwall. By the Eev. Eichard Polwhele. London, 
printed for Law & Whitaker, 1816. 7 vols. 4to. 

Note. — Contains Cornish Dialogue between two old men, y. 24 — 25 ; a 
Dialogue between Gracey Penrose and Mally Trevisky, v. 25 — 26 ; a Pro- 
vincial Glossary, vi. 68—98 The Glossary is also found as a distinct work, 
Truro, 1808, I'to, at which date it was originally brought out. 

' "With respect to the Provincial Glossary, it consists of words which are at 
this time current in Cornwall and Devon, and are almost confined to the vulgar ; 
though often of no mean origin. The greater part of them 1 have, from time 
to time, set down in writing almost immediately as I heard them uttered ; for 
the rest, I am obliged to the MSS. of Bp Lyttleton and Dean Milles, to my 
ingenious friend Mr James of St Keverne, and to a * Dialogue in the Devon- 
shire dialect between Robin and Betty, in three pai-ts,' by a Lady of the North 
of Devon.' — Preface. See Devonshire; the 'Devonshire Dialogue' [by Mrs 
Palmer] was not printed till 1837 ; Mr Polwhele used the MS. copy. 

Prycb, William, M.D., F.S.A. b. Montgomeryshire, circa, 1725. 
d. Redruth, 1790. 

Mineralogia Cornubiensis. By W. Pryce, of Eedruth in Cornwall. 
London, James Phillips, 1778, fol. 

Note. — At pp. 315 — 331 is a Glossary of Terms used in the Tin-mines. 
Sandys, William, F.S.A. h. 29 Oct., 1792. d. 10, Torrington 
Square, London, 18 Feb., 1874. 

Specimens of Cornish Provincial Dialects. Collected and arranged 
by Uncle Jan Trenoodle [^pseud., i. e. W. Sandys]. With some intro- 
ductory remarks and a Glossary, by an Antiquarian Friend ; also a 
selection of songs and pieces connected with Cornwall. London, J. 
E. Smith, 1846. 8vo, pp. 108. 4s. 

Note. — The Glossary occupies pp. 89—105. 

Stackhouse, Rev. Jonathan Lett. 

Obsolete Words still in use among the folk of East Cornwall. 
Signed J. L. Stackhouse, Curate of St Mellion. Journ. Royal Ijistit. 
of Cornwall, May, 1864, pp. 75-76. 

Tregellas, John Tabois. h, St Agnes, 1 j^ov., 1792. d. Wales, 
13 March, 1865. 

The Perran Cherrybeam. By J. T. Tregellas. Truro, J. E. Nether- 
ton. London, E. Cox, 1847. 8vo, pp. 11. 

Tremuan ; and the St Agnes Bear Hunt. Two Cornish Tales. By 
J. T. Tregellas. Truro, J. E. Netherton, n.d. [184-]. 12mo, pp. 23. 

The St Agnes Bear Hunt ; and the Perran Cherrybeam ; two comic 
poems. By J. T. Tregellas. Ih., J. E. Netherton, 1848. 12mo.— 
Ih., 1851. 12mo. 

Eozzy Paul and Zacky Martin ; and The Battle of Lanterns. Two 
Cornish Tales. By J. T. TregeUas. Ih., J. E. Netherton, n.d. [185-]. 
12mo, pp. 28. 

The Adventures of Eozzy Paul and Zacky Martin ; the St Agnes 
Bear Hunt ; and the Perran Cherrybeam ; three comic Cornish poems. 
By J. T, Tregellas. 4th edition. Penzance, Yibert, 1853. 12mo. 

5th edition. Ih., 1854. 12mo. 

6th edition. Ih., 1855. 12mo. 

7th edition. Ih., 1856. 8vo, pp. 40. 

Hackey and Markey ; being the Adventures of H. Daniel and M. 



26 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Eetcliatts, two Cornish Miners who went further to sea than they in- 
tended. By J. T. TregeUas. Ih., F. T. Yibert, 1855. 12mo. 

3rd edition. Ih., 1857. 12mo. 6c/. 

The amusing Adventures of Josee Cock, the Perran Cock-fighter, 
etc. By J. T. Tregellas.. London, J. C. Hotten, 1857. 12mo. 6d. 

The amusing Adventures of Josee Cock, the Perran Cock-fighter ; 
the author's address to Captain Peard, Eozzy Paul, Zacky Martin, 
and others. Billy May's Letter, and the true tale of Titus Teague, of 
Wheal Busy Downs, the generous Cornish miner. By J. T. Tregellas. 
3rd edition. lb., J. 0. Hotten; Ftnzance, P. T. Yibert. [185-.] 
I2mo, pp. 36. m. 

Parmer Brown's Blunders ; including the Cayenne Pepper Story ; 
Capt. Hoskin's Battle of Lanterns ; and the London Director Han- 
nibal Hollow, at Wheal Blue Bottle. By J. T. Tregellas. London, 
J. C. Hotten; Truro, J. Eussell Endean, Boscawen St, [printed] 
1857. 8vo, pp. 41. 

3rd edition. Truro, J. E. Netherton, 1863. 8vo. Pagination 

runs from 101—126. 

The Squire's Tame Conger ; the Wounded Miner ; the Swemming 
Grrendingstone. Three Cornish Tales. By J. T. Tregellas. lb., J. 
E. Netherton, 1858. 12mo, pp. 24. Gd. 

California ; and Hacky and Marky ; two Cornish Tales. By J. T. 
Tregellas. lb., J. E. Netherton, n.d. [1859]. 8vo. Pagination runs 
from 25 — 48. 

Cornish Tales. By J. T. Tregellas. The Queen's Washing ; the 
Perran Cherrybeam ; Grammer's Cat and Ours. lb., J. E. Netherton, 
1860. 8vo. Pagination runs from 49 — 72. 

Another edition. lb., 1863. 8vo. 

* Cornish Tales, in Prose and Yerse. By J. T. Tregellas. With a 
Glossary. lb., J. E. Netherton, 1868. 12mo, pp. 192. Is. 6d. 

A list of the Tales is here given, many of them have been published separ- 
ately. 

Contents. — Tremuan. — The St Agnes Bear Hunt. — The Queen's Washing 
Day. — The Perran Cherrybeam. — Grammer's Cat and Ours. — The Squire's 
Tame Conger. — Hacky and Marky, or the Battle of the Soils.— Califoi-nia. — 
Josee Cock, the Perran Cockfighter. — The Wounded Miner. — Ilozzy Paul and 
Zacky Martin ; the Adventures of Two Cornish Miners at St Ives, Truro, 
Exeter, and London. — The Tale of the Swemming Grendingstone, as related by 
Amos Hosking, the Limpet-gatherer. — Farmer Brown's Blunders. — The 
London Director's Report of Wheal Blue Bottle. — The Battle of Ijanterns, as 
fought on Truro Hill, on the 8th of May. — The Sea on Fire. — Address and 
Letter. — Titus Teague. 

Peeps into the haunts and homes of the rural population of Corn- 
wall ; being reminiscences of Cornish character and characteristics, 
illustrative of the dialect, peculiarities, etc., etc., of the inhabitants of 
West and North Cornwall. By J. T. Tregellas. lb., J. E. Nether- 
ton, 1863. 8vo, pp. xvi, 144. 

Note. — Contains the following Cornish Tales : — 

Martha Permewan. — The Cornish Landlord. — Joshua West. — Capt. Joe. — 
Old Droosenhead.— Stee Harris and the Cockney Buck.— Bright one.— Tom 
Mitchell, of Eedruth.— Armed Miners and Disloyalty. — ^^^est Barbarian.— 
Joe Teague and the Gallopers. — The Three Miners and the Dictionary. — Capt. 
Seamoor and Ould Blawhard. —Tom Chynoweth.— Dick Tremuan, the Singer. 
—Jan Cotters and Aby Cock. — The Singers.— Manuring the Tower. — The 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CORNWALL. 27 

Baist weth two tails. — Cousin Ellic, tlie Fish, and the Doctor. — Capt. Stephens 
and Billy Rippin. — Mousey Cock. — Bottle Jack.^ — Ihe Missment. — Crabby 
Rabbuts and tin Gracy Houghton. — Gunner Dick of Dirtypool. — Un Bettum 
Cock. — Mousey and the Tourist. — Shiner and the Squire's Big. — Isaac Bream 
and the Dandy. — Stinger Nettle.— Jabez Hornblower. — Nickey Kneebone, 
alias Nickey Boney. — Ticketing Day and, a Conversation. — Capt. 0. — You 
must pay here. — The Billies and the Magistrate. — Cure for Asthma. — Mazed 
Markey. 

Peeps into the haunts and homes of the rural population of Corn- 
wall. By the late J. T. Tregellas. Truro, J. E. Netherton, 1868. 
Svo. 4s. Qd. 

Trenhaile, John {son of William Trenhaile). h. Truro, 31 Oct., 
1792. d. Devonport, 10 July, 1867. 

Eecreations in Ehyme. By a Cornubian [*. e. John Trenhaile]. 
With portrait of DoUy Pentreath. London, Longman, 1834. 8vo, 
pp. 1 — 264. 7s. 

Dolly Pentreath and other humorous tales in yerse. By J. Tren- 
haile, author of Eecreations in Ehyme. With a portrait of Old Dolly. 
Devonport, W. Wood [printed]. London, Houlston and Wright, n.d. 
[1854]. 12mo, pp. 46. Qd. 

Trenoodle, Uncle Jan, pseud., i. e. William Sandys, q. v. 

Verrall, Georgina (dmighter of Mr Verrall of Lewes), h. 
Worthing. 

A Cornish Ghost Story ; a Night's Adventures at the Devil's Stile, 
or Jacky Trevose and Mary Trevean. By 'Elfin ' \_pseud., i. e. Georg- 
ina Yerrall]. Truro, James E. Netherton, Lemon Street, 1862. 
Svo, pp. 19. M. 

3rd edition. 1863. 8vo, pp. 22. — Eeprinted in Cornish Tales. 

lb., 1867. pp. 37—54. 

Watson, Joseph Yelloly. 

A Compendium of British Mining, with statistical notices of the 
principal mines in Cornwall, to which is added the history and uses 
of metals, and a Glossary of the terms and usages of mining. Com- 
piled for the use of persons interested but not conversant with the 
subject. By Joseph Yelloly Watson. London, printed for private 
circulation, 1843. 8vo, pp. 82. 



Provincial Yocabulary, containing for the most part such words as 
are current amongst the common people in Devon and Cornwall. 
Monthhj Magazine, xxvi., 421, 544 (1808); xxix., 431 (1810). 

An Old Cornish Dialogue. Huthnance, Letter-press and Copper- 
l^late printer. Queen Square, Penzance, n.d. [circa 1840]. fol. s. sh. 
124 lines. 

Note. — Commences : 

' 'Twas kendle teening when jung Mai Treloare 
Trudg'd home from Bal a bucking cupper ore.' 

A Budget of Cornish poems, by various authors. Devonport, W. 
Wood [printed]. Zowc/on, J. E. Smith, v.d. [185-]. 12mo, pp. 52. 6d. 



28 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

The American War. A tale of two Cornisli Miners, or the humorous 
Adventures of Nicky Polglase and Willy Pender in the United States 
of America. Their interview as they thought with Old Abe, how he 
wanted to make them sogers, their escape from the draft, and their 
opinion of the Yankees. Camhorne, printed hy T. T. Whear, Market 
Place, n.d. [186-]. 12mo, pp. 12. 

West Cornwall Almanac and Advertiser, containing local and 
general information. Redruth, printed and published by J. S. 
Doidge, 1868. 8vo. And since continued annually. 

A^o^^. — Several Cornisli Tales are to be found in this series of Almanacs. 
Cornish Tales, in verse and prose ; being specimens of Cornish Pro- 
vincial Dialects. Truro, J. E. Netherton, 1858. 12mo. 

Another ed., 1859. 12mo. 

Eour Tales in verse and prose in the Cornish Dialect. 'Lizbeth 
Jane's Courtship ; the Cornish Farmer and the Squire ; Luke Mar- 
tin's could; Tom Teague, or Zebedee Jacka. Truro, printed and 
published by J. E. Netherton, n.d. [18 — ]. 8vo, pp. 42. 

Capt. Tom Teague' s Humorous and Satirical Eemarks on Zebedee 
Jacka's real adventures at the Exhibition in July, 1872. — 'Lizbeth 
Jane's Courtship. — Luke Martin's Cowld. — The Cornish Farmer and 
the Squire. 12mo. Truro ; J. E. Netherton. 

*Cornish Tales and Poems. Vol. II. By Various Authors. Ih., 
J. E. Netherton. 12mo. 

This collection, which had been previously published in parts, contains the 
following. Cousin Jan's Courtship and Marriage. — Gracey's Tea Party. — The 
Exhibition. — Found Drowned, a Tale founded on Fact. — A Cornish Ghost 
Story. — The Bal ; or 'Tes a Bra Keenly Lode ; Cousin Jan's Story. — The 
Great Grizzler ; Siah's Story. — Edwin Lukey's Trip to London. — Betty White ; 
Jimmy's Story. — A Dialogue between Gracey Penrose and Mally Treviskey. — 
Kozzy Trenoodle and his Leatheren Bag. — Penna's Van. — A Christmas Play. — 
The Telescope.— We be Ten av ees. — Oysters. — A Dialogue between Betty 
Penstraze and Sally Trembath ; Jimmy's Letter from the Gould Diggings. 

*Cornish Tales in Prose and Verse. By Various Authors. With a 
Glossary. Ih., J. E. Netherton, 1867. 12mo, pp. 151. 

Another ed. London, Houlston and Sons, 1873. 8vo, pp. 101. 

Note. — The wrappers of some of the editions read, 'The Exhibition, and 
other Cornish Poems.' 

Jimmy Trebilcock, or the humorous Adventures of a Cornish Miner 
at the Great Exhibition, what he saw, and what he didn't see. Cam- 
home, printed and published by T. T. Whear, Market Place, 1863. 
12mo, pp. 16. Qd. 

A Cornish Dialogue between Jan Trundle and Job Mungler. Fal- 
mouth, E. J. Oliver, s. sh. 

Cumberland. — See also Westmoreland. 

Tlie following list of books relating to the Cumbrian dialect has 
been compiled for the E. D. S., with very few exceptions, from the 
works themselves in his own collection, by Mr W. Jackson, of 
Fleatham House, St Bees. It may be taken to be an exhaustive list, 
at any rate as far as regards all that is of any value. 

The books which specially or incidentally treat of the dialect are 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CUMBERLAND. 29 

placed first. The general collections of Dialect Pieces, especially the 
Songs and Ballads, follow. The works of various authors who have 
written in the Cumbrian dialect are next enumerated, and are arranged 
for the most part in chronological order, keeping, however, the pro- 
ductions of each author together as far as practicable; so that the 
order of precedence is determined by the date of each writer's first 
publication. A few undated, or unprinted, pieces are mentioned at 
the end. 

Mr Jackson" wishes to draw attention to the Glossaries by Eay 
and Boucher, the full titles of which have been already given in 
the list of books relating to Dialects generally. 

Mr Boucher (he writes) was a native of Blencogo, in the parish of 
Bromfield, in Cumberland. His linguistic studies probably took their 
origin from his familiarity with, and attachment to, his native dialect, 
and though his illustrations are derived from the most spacious sur- 
vey of our early writers, he quotes the dialect-writers, and includes 
specially the dialect-words, of Cumberland and Westmoreland, with 
a frequency sufficient to cause his work to be of special value as 
illustrating those dialects. 

Ray's grandfather sprang from the family of the Eeays of the Gill 
in the same parish of Bromfield, Cumberland. His botanical works 
show his familiarity withlsTorth-country habitats as much as his Glos- 
sary does with i!^orth-country dialect words. He acknowledges in his 
Preface special obligations to Mr Tomlinson and to the Rev. William 
Mcolson (subsequently Bishop of Carlisle), both Cumberland men. 
Brockett's Glossary also deserves especial mention. 

A collection of three hundred and twenty-seven words, taken from 
a MS. in the Chapter Library of Carlisle, entitled ' Glossarium Bri- 
gantinum, coUectore Guil. Nicolson, Coll. Reg. Oxon. A.B. 1677.' 
Printed, with notes by Mackenzie E. 0. Walcott, in the Transactions 
of the Royal Society of Literature, Second Series ; vol. 9, part 2 ; pp. 
303—323. 

The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmoreland and 
Cumberland. By Joseph Nicolson, Esq. and Richard Burn, LL.D. 
2 vols. 4to. London; printed for W. Strahan and J. Cadell, 1777. 
2nd vol. (Cumberland) contains pp. 615 and Index, with a Glossary at 
pp. 609—615. 

The History of the County of Cumberland and some Places adjacent, 
&c. By William Hutchinson, F.A.S. 2 vols. 4to. Carlisle, 
printed by E. JolUe, 1794. Contains a Glossary of Antiquated Words 
occurring in the work. 

This and the preceding Glossary principally relate to words of a legal nature. 

A Glossary of Provincial Words used in the County of Cumberland. 
12mo. London, J. Gray Bell, 1851. pp. 19. (Only 60 copies.) 

The Lake Country. By E. Lynn Linton. 4to. London, Smith, 
Elder, and Co., 1864. Pp. xl. and 351. [Appendix I. (pp. 295—317) 
contains a Glossary of Provincialisms of the Lake District.] 



30 BIBLIOORAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

*A Glossary of the Words and Phrases of Cumberland ; by Wm. 

Dickinson. (See full title of this work and its supplement further on 

in this list.) 
Glossary of Words in the Cumbrian Dialect. By Mackenzie E. C. 

Walcott, B.D., F.S.A., &c., Prsecentor and Prebendary of Chichester 

Cathedral. (Not printed.) 

The People and Dialect of Cumberland and AVestmorland, contain- 
ing the first chapter of a new History. By J. Sullivan. 12mo. 
Kendal, 1855. 

Cumberland and Westmorland, Ancient and Modern : the peoj^le, 
dialect, superstitions and customs. By J. Sullivan. 8vo. London : 
Whittaker and Co. 1857. Dedication, Preface, and Contents, pp. iv. ; 
Text, pp. 171. 

The Northmen in Cumberland and Westmoreland. By Egbert 
Perguson. Small 8vo. London : Longman & Co. 1856. Dedication, 
Preface, and Contents, pp. iii. ; Text, pp. 228. 

At pp. 167 — 225 is a Hst of Cumberlaiid and Westmoreland Words of 
Scandinavian origin. 

The Dialect of Cumberland; with a chapter on its Place-names, 
by EoBT. Ferguson. Crown 8vo. London : Williams and Norgate ; 
Carlisle: Steel Brothers. 1873, Dedication, Preface, and Authorities, 
pp. xi. ; Glossary and ObservatioDS, j^p. 230. 

The Lake Dialect ; a letter from Thomas Db Quincey in Titan, 1857. 
No. 142, pp. 89—92. 

Westmoreland and Cumberland Dialects. — Dialogues, Poems, Songs, 
and Ballads, by various Writers, in the Westmoreland and Cumber- 
land Dialects, now first collected ; with a Copious Glossary of Words 
peculiar to those Counties. 8vo. I^ondon : John Russell Smith, 1839. 
Preface, Dedication, and To the Eeader, pp. xii. ; General Contents, pp. 
403, including A Glossary of the Westmoreland and Cumberland Dia- 
lect, pp. 321—403. 

The contents of this volume are specially referred to under the headings of 
each author. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, to which are added Dialect 
and other Poems ; mth Biographical Sketches, Notes, and Glossary. 
Edited by Sidney Gilpin, of Derwent Cottage. 12mo. London: 
Geo. Eoutledge & Sons ; Edinhurgh : John Menzies ; Carlisle : Geo. 
Coward, 1866. Preface and Contents, pp. xiv., General Contents, 
Glossary (pp. 541 — 554), and Index, pp. 560. Frontispiece, Portrait of 
Susannah Blamire. 

The contents of this volume are specially referred to under the headings 
of each author. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland and the Lake Country. 
With Biographical Sketches, Notes, and Glossary hj Sidney Gilpin. 
Second Edition. 12mo. London : Bemrose & Sons. Carlisle : G. & 
T. Coward. 1874. 

First Series. Prefaces to first and second Editions and Contents, 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CUMBERLAND. 31 

pp. xvi. ; General Contents, pp. 232, witli newly engraved Portrait of 
Susannah Blamire as frontispiece. 

Second Series. Contents, pp. viii.; General Contents, pp. 226, with 
newly engraved Portrait of Anderson as frontispiece. 

Third Series. Contents, pp. viii.. General Contents, pp. 231, includ- 
ing Glossary (pp. 219— 231). 

The contents of tliese volumes, like the preceding, are specially referred to 
under the headings of each author. 

(Announcement, Aug. 1874.) The Popular Poetry of Cumberland and 
the Lake Country. With Biographical Sketches, Notes, &c., by 
Sidney Gilpin. London : Bemrose & Sons. Carlisle : G. & T. 
Coward. 

Will contain several Dialect and other Poems printed for the first time, also 
a portrait of John Stagg, the Blind Bard; the whole forming a companion and 
supplementary volume to 'The Songs and Ballads, &c.' 

A Miscellany of Poems, consisting of Original Poems, Translations, 
Pastorals, in the Cumberland Dialect, Familiar Epistles, Eables, 
Songs, and Epigrams. By the late Eeverend Josiah Eelpii, of 
Sebergham, Cumberland. With a Preface and a Glossary. 8vo. Glas- 
gow, printed by Eobert Eoulis for Mr Tomlinson in Wigton. 1747. 
Preface (including Biographical Notice), and Livst of Subscribers, 
pp. xlix. ; Poems and Glossary, pp. 168. 

This edition, including seven poems, the earliest recorded productions in the 
dialect, viz. ' Harvest Home, or The Bashful IShepherd,' ' Hay Time, or the Con- 
stant Lovers,' 'A BrandNew Ballat,' ' Saint Agnes b'ast, or the Amorous Maiden,' 
and translations of the 8th Ode of the 1st Book and the 7th Ode of the 2nd 
Book of Horace, and the 19th Idyll of Theocritus, was edited, and the Bio- 
graphical Sketch Avritten, hy the Rev. Thomas Denton, the friend and pupil 
of Eelph. ' Eelph (says the Rev. Jonathan Boucher in his Biograpliical 
notice, In Hutchinson's History of Cumberland, published in 1794,) drew his 
portraits from real life, and so faithful wore his transcripts that there was 
hardly a person in the village who could not point out those who had sate for 
his Carsty and his Feggy. The Amorous Maiden was well known and a very 
few years ago was still living.' 

with the Life of the Author, and a Pastoral Elegy on his Death. 

By Thomas Sanderson. New edition. 12mo., pp. 187. Carlisle, 
I)rinted by Wm Thompson ; and sold by E. Eaulder, J. Eibson, W. 
Clarke, and J. Bell, London. 1797. Title, and Dedication to Eev. 
Jonathan Boucher, pp. iv. ; Life, Poems, and Glossary, pp. 164. 
Contains the same Dialect pieces enumerated under the first edition. 

with the Life of the Author. Embellished with picturesque Engrav- 
ings on wood, by Mr T. Bewick, of Newcastle. 8vo. Carlisle, printed 
by and for J. Mitchell ; and sold by T. W. Longman, Paternoster 
Eow, London, 1798. Dedication to Sir Wilfred Lawson; Life and 
Contents, pp. xxiv. ; Poems and Glossary, pp. 147. 

Contains the same Dinlect pieces enumerated under the first edition. 

Poems, Humorous and Sentimental, consisting of Cumberland 

Pastorals, Translations and Imitations from the Classics, Epistles, 
Fables, Songs, and Epigrams. By the Eev. Josiah Eelph. Third 
edition. London: Yernor & Hood. 1805. 

— A Guide to the Lakes, in Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Lan- 



32 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

cashire. By tlie author of * The Antiquities of Fumess.' (The Eev. 

Thomas West. ) The Second Edition, Eevisod throughout and greatly 

enlarged. 8vo. London : Eichardson and Urquhart, J. Eobson ; 

Kendal: W. Pennington, 1780. Title, Preface, and Contents, pp. 

viii. ; Guide, pp. 1—190; Addenda, pp. 191—292. 

This edition was edited by Wm. Cockin of Burton, who wrote the preface 
and made the addenda to the same. In the latter are included Two Speci- 
mens of the Cumberland Dialect, taken from the poems of the Rev. Josiah 
Relph of Sebergham, namely, ' Harvest, or tbe Bashful Shepberd,' and a trans- 
lation of the 7th Ode of the 2nd Book of Horace. Theye specimens are in- 
cluded in, I believe, all the subsequent editions of tbis Guide ; certainly in the 
third, sixth, ninth, and the eleventh, tbe latter published in 1821. 

A Choice Collection of Poems in Cumberland Dialect : I. Tho 

Harvest, or Bashful Shepherd, a Pastoral by the Eev. Me, Egbert 
Nelson, late of Great Salkeld, near Penrith, in Cumberland. 11. 
Haytime, or the Constant Lovers, a Pastoral. III. St Agnes' Past, 
or the Amorous Maiden, a Pastoral; and other subjects no less en- 
tertaining. 12mo. pp. 16. Sunderland : printed by E. Wetherald, 
n. d. (Wetherald began business in Sunderland in 1762, and died 
June 19, 1791.) 

These pieces are generally attributed to the Rev. Josiah Relpb, and are to 
be found in bis Poems, first published in 1747 ; but, from the following note 
prefixed to them in this collection, a doubt is raised as to the authorship : 

' The following Pastoral was composed about one hundred years since by the 
Rev. Mr Robert Nelson, a worthy clergyman at Great Salkeld in Cumber- 
land ; I am persuaded the judicious readers who understand the Dialect will 
discover as true pastoral simplicity, and as many natural beauties in it, as can 
be met with in the best of Ramsay's Poems ; I am sensible it was published 
some years since under the title of "The Harvest, or Bashful Shepherd." 
But, as I apprehend, some of the greatest beauties are lost by the alterations 
and omissions which are made in that edition.' 

Tbe only piece beyond tbose mentioned in the title-page in this collection, 
is the very common ballad of the ' Farmer's Blunder,' commencing with 

A farmer once to London went, 

To pay the worthy 'squire his rent, &c. — Note by Sir F. Madden. 

"With reference to the above note, it ought to be stated that the name of 
Nelson does not occur in the list of Rectors of Great Salkeld ; that research has 
failed to find any record of a dissenting minister of that name having ever lived 
there ; and it is believed that any one familiar with Relph's poems and his life 
(of which we possess authentic records written by contemporaries) can scarcely 
, fail to be convinced that this was a fraudulent or, at any rate, a baseless 
claim. 

Dialogues, Poems, Songs, and Ballads, &c., 1839 (see full 

title previously given), containing the same Dialect Pieces enumer- 
ated under the head of the first edition of Eelph's Poems, except ' The 
Brand New Ballat.' 

Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866 (see full title 

previously given), contaim'ng the whole of Eelph's Dialect Pieces 
enumerated under the head of the first edition. 

Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 2nd edition, 1st Series, 

1874 (see full title previously given), containing 'The Brand New 
Ballat,' and 'Translation of the 8th Ode of 1st Book of Horace,' by 
Eelph. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CUMBERLAND. 33 

The Popular Poetry of Cumberland, and the Lake Country^ &c., 



1874 (see full title previously given), containing five pieces by 
Eelph, the other two being given in the Songs and Ballads, 1st Series, 
and a new Biographical Sketch with some additional particulars. 

The Poetical works of Miss Susannah Blamire, ' The Muse of 
Cumberland.' Now for the first time collected by Henry Ijonsdale, 
M.D., with a Preface, Memoir, and Notes by Patrick Maxwell. 12mo. 
Edinburgh: John Menzies; Carlisle: C. Thurnam. 1842. Preface 
and Memoir, pp. xlvii. ; Poems, pp. 262. 

Miss Blamiie died April 5th, 1794, and lier bosom friend and literary coad- 
jutor, Miss Catherine Gilpin, April 29th, 1811. They were therefore amongst 
the very first writers in the Dialect and ought to be classified as such, although 
this publication was the first attempt to collect theh works, especially those of 
Miss Blamire. Seven pieces in the Cumberland Dialect are herein ascribed to 
Miss Blamire, viz., 'I'he toiling day his task has duin,' ' Wey Ned Man,' 
'The Cumberland Scold,' ' Barley Broth,* 'The Meeting,' *Weve bed sec a 
durdum,' and * Auld Robin Forbes.' One in Scotch, ' The Sailor Lad's Return,' 
given in the Appendix, may, it is stated, have been a joint effort of herself and 
Miss Gilpin, but with a leaning against Miss Gilpin's claim. 

Songs and Poems by Miss Blamire, together with Songs by her 

Friend Miss Gilpin. Edited by Sidney Gilpin. 12mo. London: Qc. 

Eoutledgo & Sons ; Edinburgh : John Menzies ; Carlisle : G. Coward. 

1866. Contents, pp. vii. ; Poems and Glossary, pp. 184. Portrait of 

Susanna Blamire to face title. 

Seven pieces enumerated above are here included, six of them being ascribed 
to Miss Blamire. ' The Cumberland Scold,' and a Cumbrian version of ' The 
Sailor Lad's Return,' are given as joint productions of herself and Miss 
Catherine Gilpin, whose name and literary fame must ever be closely associ- 
ated, as was her life, with that of Miss Blamire. 

Dialogues, Poems, Songs and Ballads, &c., 1839. (Full title 

previously given.) Three Songs are here given. The first, 'What 
ails this heart o' mine,' is a Scotch production of Miss Blamire; 
' "Wey Ned Man,' i« a Cumbrian Dialect production of Miss Blamire; 
and the Cumbrian version of ' The Sailor Lad's Eeturn ' is here 
ascribed to Miss Gilpin. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866. (Full title 



previously given. ) This volume has a portrait of Miss Blamire for 
the frontispiece. Biographical Sketches are given of both Miss 
Blamire and Miss Gilpin. Fifty-nine poems are included. ' The 
Cumberland Scold,' and 'The Sailor Lad's Eeturn,' are ascribed to 
the two ladies jointly ; and 'Trafalgar Sea Fight,' and 'The Village 
Club,' (the latter scarcely a Dialect production) to Miss Gilpin. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 2nd edition, 1st 



series, 1874. (Full title previously given.) This volume has a new 
portrait of Miss Blamire as frontispiece, new editions of the lives of 
both Miss Blamire and Miss Gilpin, and forty-five poems ; the 
classification of the Dialect pieces being the same as that given in 
Gilpin's edition of Miss Blamire's Works, and an additional joint 
dialect production, originally published in Parish's ' Minstrels of 
Windermere,' entitled ' Peer Body.' 

— The Worthies of Cumberland ; by Henry Lonsdale, M.D., sm. 

3 



34 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

8vo. London: G. Eoutledge & Sons. 1873. Portrait of Miss Blamire as 
frontispiece, and life, together with other biographies. In this Sketch, 
pp. 41 to 107, occurs a new Dialect piece, ' The Eeconciliation,' together 
with much original information relating to the authoress. 

Poems on several occasions, Moral and Entertaining. By J. Thomp- 
son. 12mo. Whitehaven: printed by Allason Porster; for the 
author. 1772. pp. 242. (Contains one Dialect piece — 'Molly and 
Eodger,' a dialogue.) 

Miscellaneous pieces, in Prose and Verse, by Charles Graham, of 
Penrith in Cumberland. 12mo. Kendal: printed by W. Penning- 
ton, 1778. Preface and Contents, pp. xii. ; Poems, Essays, and List 
of Subscribers, pp. 203. 

At pages 65 to 71 occurs * Gwordy and Will,' scarcely less celebrated as a 
Dialect piece than the ' Borrowdale Letter.' In the preface Graham alludes 
to a former publication, which has never come under my notice. 

A ' Pastoral Dialogue ' in the Cumberland Dialect. With a Hu- 
morous Epistle by a Young Shepherd, to his Friend in Borrowdale, 
describing his voyage from Whitehaven to Dublin; the wonderful 
sights he saw there ; and the hardships he endured. To which are 
added an explanatory Note and Glossary. Sm. 8vo. Cockermouth : 
printed and sold by E. Thwaites, c. 1863. 

• Dialogue between Gwordie and Will ; in the Dialect of West 

Cumberland. A single sheet. 

If this be a reprint, it is an incorrect title ; for * Gwordy and Will ' is in the 
Dialect of the neighbourhood of Penrith. 

Gwordy and Will a Pastoral Dialogue in the Cumberland Dia- 
lect Sm. 8vo. Whitehaven Callander and Dixon n. d. ; pp. 8. 

Miscellaneous Poems, by EwAn Clark. 8vo. Whitehaven : printed 
by J. Ware & Son. 1779, Dedication, Preface, List of Subscribers and 
Contents, pp. xxviii. ; Poems, pp. 317. Contains four Dialect Pieces, 
viz., ' Simon and Jamy, a Pastoral,' ' Eoger made happy, a Pastoral,* 
' Costard's Complaint,' and ' The Faithful Pair, a Pastoral.' 

Hutchinson's History of Cumberland, vol. 2, pp. 475 (1794), 

contains a Satirical Ballad in the Cumberland Dialect sung at the 
Cumberland Anniversary Meeting, London, April 14, 1785; by 
Ewan Clark. 

Dialogues, Poems, Songs, and Ballads, &c., 1839 (full title 

previously given), contains ' Seymon and Jammy,' ' Eoger made 
happy,' ' Costard's Complaint,' ' The Faithful Pair,' ' Ballad sung at 
the Cumberland Anniversary Meeting.' 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866 (full title 

previously given), contains ' Ballad sung at the Cumberland Anniver- 
sary Meeting,' and a Biographical Sketch. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 2nd edition, 1st 



series, 1874 (fuU title previously given), contains the same Ballad. 

A Survey of the Lakes of Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Lan- 
cashire : together with an Account, Historical, Topographical, and 
Descriptive, of the adjacent country. To which is added a Sketch of 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CUMBERLAND. 35 

the Border Laws and Customs. By James Clarke, Land-surveyor. 
Folio. Printed for the author and sold by him at Penrith, Cumber- 
land; also by J. Eobson, and J. Paulder, New Bond Street, London: 
&c., 1787. Introduction, pp. xlii. ; Survey, pp. 193. 

The 2nd Edition (as stated in title) really differs in nothing 

but that addition and the change of the imprint to London. Printed 
for the author, 1789. 

In this work, pp, 76 — 81, first appears the ' Copy of a Letter wrote by a Young 
Shepherd of Borrowdale, at his return from Dublin to one of his Acquaintance,' 
and sundry Anecdotes in dialect with Glossarial Notes. The first has always 
been ascribed to Isaac Ritson, of Eamont Bridge, who certainly wrote tlie Intro- 
duction to ' The Survey,' which has a few remarks on dialect, notowortliy as 
being written at that early period, and manifesting a just appreciation of the 
subject, 

Copy of a Letter wrote by a Young Shepherd to his Friend in 

Borrowdale ; a New Edition. To which is added a Glossary of the 
Cumberland Words. 12mo. pp. 16. Penrith, 1788. 

Another edition, included in ' Jollie's Sketch of Cumberland 

Manners and Customs,' &c. Sm. 8vo. Carlisle, &c., 1811. 

Another edition, included in ' Ballads in the Cumberland Dialect, 

by Eobert Anderson and others.' 12mo. Carlisle, 1823. 

Another edition. 12mo, pp. 8. Cochermouth, T. Bailey, n. d. 

Another edition. Printed for the Booksellers, 1824. 

Another similar edition. 8vo, pp, 12, 1829. 

Another edition, contained in Dialogues, Poems, Songs, and 

Ballads, &c., 1839. (Full title previously given.) 

Another edition, 8vo. Carlisle: B. Stewart-, 1841, pp. 12. (At the 

end is the Daft Bargain, a Tale; a poem 26 lines long.) 

Another edition. Whitehaven : W, Wilson. 

Another edition, printed with a ' Life of Hatfield the Keswick Im- 
postor.' 12mo. Carlisle. Scott and Benson ; Kesivick, James Ivison, 
1846. 

■ Another edition, included with a Pastoral Dialogue in the Cum- 
berland Dialect (Gwordy and Will). 12mo. Kesivick, I. Ivison, 1849. 

Another edition. 12mo. Kesivick, J. Ivison, 1855. 

Another edition, included with the ' Pastoral Dialogue.' 12mo. 

Cockermouth, printed and sold by E. Thwaites, c. 1863. 

Another edition. 12mo. Whitehaven : Callander and Dixon, 1866. 

pp. 7. 

Numerous other editions of the Borrowdale Letter have no doubt been pub- 
lished, and its popularity in the Counties both of Cumberland and Westmoreland 
is such, that it may be doubted Avhether an adult native of either could be 
found to whom the name is not familiar as a household word. 

Miscellaneous Poems, by John Stagg ; sm. 8vo. Carlisle, B. Scjott, 
1804. 

Miscellaneous Poeni^, some of which are in the Cumberland 

Dialect. By John Stagg. 2nd edition. Workington : printed by W. 
Borrowdale, 1805. Preface, pp. xii. ; Poems and Contents, pp. 237. 



36 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Cjiitaius three pieces in the Cumberland Dialect, viz. ' Auld Lang Seyne,' 
* The BrideAvain/ and ' A i^ew Year's Epistle.' 

Miscellaneous Poems, some of which are in the Cumberland 

and Scottish Dialects. The Author John Stagg. 12mo. Wigton 
printed by E. Hetherton 1808. Advertisement and Contents, pp. 
vii. ; Poems, pp. 256. 

Contains the three above-named Dialect Pieces, and four new ones, viz. 
« The Return,' * The Panic,' * Tom Knott,' and ' Rosley Fair.' 

. The Cumbrian Minstrel ; being a Poetical Miscellany of 

Legendary, Gothic, and Eomantic Tales, the scenes and subjects of 
which are principally laid in the Border Counties of England and 
Scotland ; together with several Essays in the Northern Dialect ; also 
a number of original pieces, never before published, and a variety 
of Translations as well Modern as Classical, by John Stagg. 8vo. 
Manchester, T. Wilkinson, 1821. 2 vols. 1st vol.. Address, pp. vii.; 
Poems, pp. 290; 2nd vol., pp. 292. 

Contains all the pieces enumerated above ; two new pieces in this edition, 
' The Apparition,' and ' Bessy Bell,' are partly Scotch and partly English, 
but not Cumbrian. 



— Dialogues, Poems, Songs, and Ballads, &c., 1839 (full title 
previously given), contains ' The Bridewain,' ' The Return,' ' A New 
Year's Epistle,' ' Auld Lang Seyne,' ' Tom Knott,' and ' Eosley Pair.' 



The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866 (full title 

previously given), contains the same pieces as the foregoing, with a 
Biographical Sketch. 

— The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c. 2nd edition, 2nd 

series, 1874 (full title previously given), contains only ' The Eeturn ' 
Dialect piece. 

Ballads in the Cumberland Dialect, by R. Anderson : with 
Notes and a Glossary. Sm. 8vo. Carlisle : W. Hodgson, 1805. Dedi- 
cation, and Preface, pp. viii. ; Poems, Notes and Glossary, pp. 174. 
This is the first collection, but many pieces had been published in news- 
papers, and current in broadsheets long previously. 

Ballads in the Cumberland Dialect. Chiefly by R. Anderson. 

With Notes and a Glossary; the remainder by various authors, 
several of which have been never before published. 12mo. Wigton, 
printed by E. Hetherton, 1808. Dedication and Contents, pp. vi. ; 
Poems, Notes and Glossary, pp. 258. Engraved frontispiece, tail- 
pieces by Bewick. 

Another edition, 12mo, 1809.(?) 

Anderson's Popular Songs, selected from his Works, calculated 



to enliven the Mind and exhilarate the Spirits in difficult times. 
32mo. _ Wigton: printed by E. Hetherton, 1811. Contents, pp. 
ii.. Original Songs, pp. 75. 

Ballads in the Cumberland Dialect, chiefly by R. Anderson, 

With Notes and a Glossary : the remainder by various authors, 
several of which have been never before published. 2nd edition. 
12mo. Wigton : printed by E. Eook. 1815. Dedication and Contents, 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALEOTS. — CTJMBETILAKD. 37 

pp. vi., Poems, Notes and Glossary, pp. 258, Engraved frontispiece, 
tail-pieces by Bewick. 

DilFers in no respect from edition of 1 808, except imprint on title. 
The Poetical Works of Robebt Anderson, author of ' Cum- 



berland Ballads,' &c,. to "which is prefixed the Life of the author, 
written by himself. An Essay on the Character, Manners, and Cus- 
toms of the Peasantry of Cumberland ; and Observations on the Style 
and Genius of the author, by Thomas Sandebson. 2 vols. 12mo. Car- 
lisle : B.Scott, 1820. Yol. i., Dedication, Address, Letter, Memoir, 
and Essay, pp. Ixi., Poems and Notes, pp. 223. Yol. ii. Contents, pp. 
vi. ; Poems, Notes, and Subscribers' names, pp. 278. 

Ballads in the Cumberland Dialect, By Robert Anderson, 

and others ; "With Notes ; and Remarks on the Manners and Cus- 
toms of the Cumberland peasantry ; to which is added ' The Borrow- 
dale Letter.' Sm. 12mo. Carlisle: printed for John JoUie ; 1823. 
pp. 84. 
— Another edition. 18mo. Wigton : 1823. pp. 158. 

Ballads, in the Cumberland Dialect, By R. Anderson, With 

Notes and a Glossary ; and an Essay on the Manners and Customs 
of the Cumberland Peasantry ; By Thomas Sanderson. Sm. 12ma. 
Carlisle: printed for H. K. Snowden; 1828. Contents, pp. iv.. 
Poems, Notes, and Glossary, pp. 166. Elegant Vignette, ' Tib and 
her Measter,' by Lizars. 

Ballads in the Cumberland Dialect, By R. Anderson, With 



Notes, a Glossary and a Biographical Sketch of the author. 24mo. 
Wigton: printed and sold by John Ismay; 1834. Contents and 
Biographical Sketch, pp. xiv., Ballads, Notes, and Glossary, pp. 222. 
(Frontispiece, ' King Roger,' engraved from a painting by G. Sheffield). 

Anderson's Cumberland Ballads, carefully compiled from the 

author's MS. containing above one hundred pieces never before pub- 
lished, with a Memoir of his Life, written by himself. Notes, Glossary, 
&c., to which is added, several other songs in the Cumberland Dia- 
lect, by various authors. 8vo. double columns. Wigton : printed and 
sold by William Robertson ; London : G. Routledge & Co. , Earringdon 
Street ; Preston : J. Harkness ; Carlisle : C. Thurnam & Sons ; T. W. 
Arthur ; J. I. Lonsdale ; and all booksellers. Preface, Life, and 
Contents, pp. x., Poems, Notes, and Glossary, pp. 138. Erontispiece 
same as editions of 1808 and 1815. (Some, probably later issued, 
copies have simply — Wiaton : printed and sold by William Robertson, 
and all booksellers.) 

— Ballads in the Cumberland Dialect, By Robert Anderson, 
With Notes, descriptive of the Manners and Customs of the Cumber- 
land Peasantry. A Glossary of Local Words ; and a Life of the author. 
24mo. Alnwick: printed by W. Davison, n. d. Contents and Life, 
pp. xvi.. Ballads, Notes, and Glossary, pp. 224. Erontispiece,' ' The 
Codbeck Wedding.' 

This edition was stereotyped, and the types being subsequently sold to T. 
VV, Arthur, Carlisle, he re-issued it, substituting his own name. A large 
portion of the stock in sheets was purchased by Crosthwaite and Co., White- 
haven, who in like manner placed their name on the title, and is now being 
sold by their successors, Tagen and Gill, of the same place. 



38 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Ballads in tlie Cumberland Dialect, By Robert Anderson. 

Witb. Notes, descriptive of the Manners and Customs of the Cumber- 
land Peasantry ; a Glossary of Local Words ; and a Life of the 
author. 18mo. Carlisle : B. Steward, 1864. Contents and Life, pp. 
xvi., Poems, Notes, and Glossary, pp. 224. 

Cumberland Ballads, by Eobert Anderson, with Autobi- 
ography, Notes, and Glossary. Edited by Sidney Gilpin. 12mo. 
London : Geo. Eoutledge and Sons ; Edinburgh : John Menzies ; Car- 
lisle : Geo. Coward : 1866. Contents, pp. v., Autobiography, Poems, 
and Glossary, pp. 174. 

Ballads, in the Cumberland Dialect, chiefly by R. Anderson. 

With Notes and a Glossary : The remainder by various authors. 
ISmo, Cockermouth : printed at the office of L Evening, 1870. pp. 220. 

Dialogues, Poems, Songs and Ballads, &c., 1839 (full title 

given previously), contains 35 pieces by Anderson, 14 of which are 
published for the first time here, and (with the exception of ' The 
Kurn-winnin,' included in Robertson's edition), are none of them to 
be found out of this volume. 

■ The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866 (full title 

given previously), contains 49 of Anderson's Poems, with an abbrevi- 
ation of the Autobiography. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, 2nd edition, 2nd Series, 

1874 (full titles given previously), contains 55 of Anderson's Poems 
with the same abridgment of the Autobiography, and a portrait from 
an Original Painting by George Sheffield. 

Miscellaneous Poems, Songs and Ballads, in the Cumberland Dia- 
lect, by John Rayson of Aglionby, 12mo. Carlisle : printed for the 
author, by G. Irwin, 1830. Title and Contents, pp. iv., Poems pp. 60. 
Contains 17 Dialect Pieces. 

Dialogues, Poems, Songs, and Ballads, &c., 1839 (full title 

previously given), contains six Dialect Pieces by Rayson, viz. 
'Worthless Strang,' 'Charlie McGlen,' 'Dan Pattinson's Yell,' 
'Jenny Crow,' 'Jean,' and 'Ann o' Hethersgill.' 

Miscellaneous Poems and Ballads, chiefly in the Dialects of 

Cumberland and the English and Scotch borders. By John Rayson. 
12mo., pp. xii. and 118. London Piper, Carlisle C. Thurnam and 
Sons, Penrith Mrs Brown, Kendal Mr Atkinson, Annan Mr Outh- 
bertson. 1858, Dedication to Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte, Preface 
and Memoir pp. xii. Poems and Notes pp. 118. 
Contains 32 Dialect Pieces. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1806 (full title 

previously given), contains five pieces by Rayson, * The Auld Pauper,' 
' Ann o' Hethersgill,' ' The Tom Cat,' ' Charlie McGlen,' ' Lady Fair 
at Wigton,' and a Biographical Sketch of the author. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c. 2nd Edition, 2nd 

Series, 1874 (full title previously given), contains the same pieces and 
the same Biographical Sketch as the first edition. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — CUMBERLAND. 39 

The Song of Solomon in the Dialect of East Cumberland. From the 
authorised English Version. By JoHX Eayson. ILondres, 1858.] 
(Greo. Barclay.) In 16 de cinq huitiemes de feuille. Edition tiree 
a 250 exemplaires, dont un seul en papier epais. — (Prince L. Lucien 
Bonaparte.) 

Lamplugh Club by a Looker-on intended to assist in preserving a 
faithful record of the dialect of the neighbourhood of Whitehaven. 
Whitehaven Callander & Dixon 1856. 12mo., pp. 11. (At p. 10 is a 
poem, entitled ' The Cracks of an Ore-Carter's Wife,' signed D.) 

Another edition, 1858. 

*A Glossary of the Words and Phrases of Cumberland. By Wm. 
DlCKi]!^S0N^, F.L.S. 12mo. Whitehaven : Callander and Dixon. Lon- 
don : J. R. Smith, 1859. Preface, Authorities and Dialect Poem 
' The Words of Oald Cummerlan' pp. xii., Glossary pp. 138, Appen- 
dix pp. 1 

*A Supplement to the Glossary of the Words and Phrases of Cum- 
berland with illustrative examples By Wm. Dickinso:n-, F.L.S. 12mo., 
Whitehaven Callander and Dixon London J. E. Smith, 1867. Prelkce 
pp. viii.. Glossary pp. 43, Addenda pp. 4. 

A 'Tail' for Joe and the Geologist By Another Hand Sm. 8vo. 
Whitehaven Callander and Dixon 1866. j^p. 8. 

This piece, in prose, is signed ' D.' Two poems, by the same, are added, 
entitled ' Scallow Beck Boggle,' and * Merry Charley.' 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866 (full title j^re- 

viously given), contains 'The Cracks of an Ore Carters Wife,' and 
* How Laal Bobby Linton gat oot of a Whol,' both by William 
Dickinson. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 2nd Edition, 3rd 

Series, 1874 (full title previously given), contains the two pieces whose 
titles are above given, and ' The Words of oald Cummerlan,' by 
William Dickinson. 

Cumberland Farm Life — Memorandums of Old Times Sm. 8vo. 
Whitehaven Callander and Dixon 1869. To which is added ' Cross- 
yat's Boggle (Lamplugh) which always fore-set folk,' — signed, D. 
pp. 23. 

{Announcement, Aug. 1874). Cumbriana, or Fragments of Cumber- 
land Life, a Book of Breks, &c., by the Compiler of the Cumberland 
Glossary. Whitehaven, Callander and Dixon. 

The Song of Solomon in the Dialect of Central Cumberland. From 
the authorised English Version. By William Dickinson. \_Londres] 
1859. (George Barclay.) Li- 1 6 de cinq huitiemes de feuille. Edition 
tiree a 250 exemplaires, dont un seul en papier epais. — (Prince L. 
Lucien Bonaparte.) 

Joe and the Geologist, a short story in the Cumberland Dialect. 
(First printed in the 'Whitehaven Herald,' March 14th, 1857.) 

Joe and the Geologist ; a short story in the Cumberland Dialect 

Revised by the author. 12mo. Cor/iWe; G. Coward, 1866. pp.7. 



40 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

This edition was printed with the author's sanction to supersede the un- 
authorized ones which had heen largely circulated. A very large impression 
taken in the Spring of this year was immediately exhausted, and another and 
larger was struck off. 

Joe and the Geologist a short story in the Cumberland Dialect, 



Kevised by the author. 12mo. Whitehaven^ Callander and Dixon, 
pp. 7. 

' Joe and the Geologist ; ' and * T' Eeets on't,' being another 

Supplement to ' Joe and the Geologist.' by Joe his-sel. 12mo. Gar- 
lisle : G. Coward, 1867. pp. 16. N.B. ' T'Eeets on't ' was first printed 
in the ' Whitehaven Herald,' in 1866. 

Joe and the Geologist ; ' and * T' Eeets on't,' being another 



Supplement to ' Joe and the Geologist.' by Joe his-sel. New Edition, 
12mo. Carlisle, G. Coward, 1868. pp. 16. 

Branthet Neuk Boggle, a Teahl for a Winter Neeght. (First printed 
in the 'Whitehaven Herald,' 5th Jan., 1861.) 

Branthet Neuk Boggle, a Teahl for a Winter Neeght ; on a 

Broadsheet. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866 (full title 



previously given). In which five new Dialect pieces by the author 
of ' Joe,' appeared in 1866. (See that work.) 

Bobby Banks' Bodderment, a sup of coald Keal het up agean. (First 
printed in the ' Whitehaven Herald,' June 2nd, 1866.) 

Bobby Banks' Bodderment, and Dialect Ballads, by the 

author of ' Joe and the Geologist ' 12mo. Carlisle : G. Coward, 1866. 
pp. 24. 

This includes ' The Branthet Neuk Boggle,' and * Ben Wells,' from the 
* Whitehaven Herald,' ' Remonstance ' from the ' North Longdale Magazine,' 
in the dialect of High Furness, and * A Courting Chase.' (New.) 

Three impressions, amounting in the aggregate to several thousand copies, 
were speedily exhausted. 

• Bobby Banks' Bodderment, and Dialect Ballads. By the 

author of 'Joe and the Geologist.' 12mo. Carlisle: G. Coward, 
1867. pp. 24. 

Contains same as the foregoing edition. 

Poor Bobby Banks' Bodderment, describing his visit to Kes- 
wick Market and his troubles in getting home. By the author of ' Joe 
and the Geologist,' ' A sup of cauld keal het up agean.' 12mo. Cocker- 
mouth published by E, Thwaites ; no date. 

Wise Wiff, a Sketch of Cumbrian Character, by the Author of 
' Joe and the Geologist.' Appended to 'A Guide to the interesting 
places in and around Cockermouth, &c.,' By John Askew. 8vo. 
Cockermouth : Isaac Evening. 1866. pp. 4. 

Kindly given to a literary brother to assist his work, but who died before its 
publication, 

Wise Wiff, in the Cumberland Dialect, By the author of ' Joe 

and the Geologist' 12mo. Carlisle: G. Coward, 1869. pp. 12. 

*The Folk-Speech of Cumberland and some districts adjacent ; being 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— CUMBERLAND. 41 

Short Stories and Ehymes in tlie Dialects of the West Border Coun- 
ties. By Alex. Craig Gibson, F.S.A. 8vo. London : J. E. Smith ; 
Carlisle : Geo. Coward, 1869. [Eemarks on the Dialect, pp. 183 — 188 ; 
Glossary, pp. 189—232.] 

This volume includes all the pieces previously published, and several new 
ones. 

Another similar edition. London, Bemrose and Sons ; Carlisle, G. 

and T. Coward, 1873. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland. 2nd edition, 3rd 

Series, 1874, (full title previously given), contains eight Dialect 
Pieces by Gibson (two of them— Nature's Church and Breezy Saint 
Bees — being new), and a Critical Notice of the Works of the author. 

Jollie's Sketch of Cumberland Manners and Customs, partly in the 
Provincial Dialect, in prose and verse, with a Glossary. 12mo. Car- 
lisle. P. Jollie and Sons for Longman & Co. London. 1811. Preface 
and Introduction pp. iv.. General Contents pp. 48. 

This collection contains 'Th' Upshot,' by Mr Mark Lonsdale, (here first 
published), and 'The Letter from Dublin, by the Borrowdale Shepherd,' written 
by Mr Isaac Ritson. 

Dialogues, Poems, Songs, and Ballads, &c., 1839 (full title 

previously given), contains, 'The Upshot,' with the explanatory 
notes, and a new Dialect Piece, entitled ' Love in Cumberland.' 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 1866 (full title 

previously given), contains ' The Upshot,' and ' Love in Cumberland.' 
With a Biographical Sketch of the author. 

The Songs and Ballads of Cumberland, &c., 2nd Edition, 2nd 

Series, 1874, (full title previously given), contains ' Love in Cum- 
berland,' with the same Biographical Sketch as in the First edition. 

The Poll Book of the Election of a Eepresentative in Parliament for 
the Borough of Whitehaven, containing a list of the electors, and the 
candidates for whom they voted. To which is prefixed a collection of 
squibs, &c. Election, xii Dec. MDCCCXXXII. 8vo. Whitehaven, 
E. Gibson 1832. Addi-ess pp. iv.. Electioneering Squibs &c. pp. 68. 
Contains * Jack and Bill, a dialogue between two country labourers, seated 
at the Cow and Snuffers, in Whitehaven, Time — seven o'clock in the even- 
ing, — Ale and Pipes.' (A capital sketch in the Cumberland Dialect.) 

The Wigton Advertiser (qu. date 1) contains ' Joe and the Land- 
lord,' an excellent specimen of the Dialect spoken in the neighbour- 
hood of Penrith, by the Eev. W. Whitelock, Vicar of Hutton in the 
Forest. 

Joe and the Landlord, a story in the Cumberland Dialect. 

12mo. Wigton : T. McMechan, n. d. pp. 8. 

Lizzie Lorton of Greyrigg; a Novel. By E. Lynn Linton. 3 vols., 
8vo. London ; Tinsley Brothers. 

• Lizzie Lorton of Greyrigg ; a Novel, liy E. Lynn Linton. 

8vo. London : Tinsley Brothers, 1867. pp, viii. and 470. 

This powerful story has achieved a popularity which renders it all the more 
necessary to remark that, though its pictures of Dale life and character possess 
much merit, yet the dialect given in it is quite unreliable. 



42 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Joe the Baits or Nobbut a Cumberland Lad. a Comediette. By J. 
A. Wheatley. 12mo. Carlisle : Mason & Barnes, 1869. pp. 24. 

Borrowdale in the Old Time ; as gathered from the conversation of 
the late Sarah Yewdale, Queen of Borrowdale, who died February, 
1869, in her 101st year. 12mo. Keswick and Cockerrnouth , E. Bailey, 

1869. pp. 8. (By the Eev. James Dixon, a native of the Dale.) 

Borrowdale in the Old Time; as gathered from the conversation of the 
late Sarah Yewdale. 2nd edition. Small 8vo. Keswick and Cocker- 
mouth, E. Bailey, 1870. pp. 13. 

Willie Wattles Mudder By a Tourist 12mo. Wldieliaven Callander 

and Dixon 1870. pp. 8. 
The Muncaster Boggle 12mo. Whitehaven Callander and Dixon 

1870. pp. 8. 

Cummerland Talk ; being short Tales and Rhymes in the Dialect of 
that County : together with a few Miscellaneous Pieces in Yerse. by 
John Eichardson, of St John's. Pp. viii. and 199. London : J. E. 
Smith. Carlisle : Gr. Coward. 1871. (See ' Saturday Eeview,' 2nd 
March, 1872.) 

Mary Drayson's Honeymoon ; being a short account of her visit to 
London the sights she saw there and the scrapes she got into By a 
Cumberland Lad, 12mo. Carlisle, printed by Halstead & Beaty, 
1872. pp. 32. 

Yance a year. — Gwordie Greenup's Cummerland Alminac wid Tide 
Teable, for 1873 ; contains numerous Dialect Pieces in Prose and 
Yerse. 12mo. Maryport : printed and pubhshed by E. Adair, n. d. 
pp. 28. 

Anudder Batch Firsts an' Secinds. T'firsts being a few heamly Teals 
Telt at Lingside, and T'Secinds a Eeprint o' Ehymes fra Yance-a- 
year by Grwordie Greenup. 12mo. Maryport: E.Adair. 1873. pp.32. 

Poems and Songs ; some of which are in the Cumberland Dialect. 
By James Harrison. 12mo. Whitehaven, S. L-win, n. d. 

English Border Ballads, by Peter Burn. 8vo. Carlisle : G. and T. 
Coward. London : Bemrose & Sons. 1874. Preface and Contents pp. 
viii. Poems and Glossary pp. 122. Contains two j)ieces in the Dia- 
lect of Brampton, ' T'Auld Wife's Eeason' and ' T'Hen Egg for 
T'Duck en.' 

{Announcement, Aug. 1874) Echoes of Old Cumberland &c. by Mary 
Powley. 8vo. Carlisle : G. and T. Coward. London : Bemrose & Sons. 
"Will contain several Dialect Pieces. 

It would be endless to attempt to enumerate the various Dialect con- 
tributions which in every form and on every subject have been, and 
continue to be, made to the Local Press, but to quote the words of 
Mr Alexander Craig Gibson to whose local authority all will yield, — 
' I shall riot omit to state that Mr John Christian of London, and 
a writer who assumed the 7iom de plume of Jack Todd, have evinced, 
in their contributions to the local press, a mastery over the dialect of 
Whitehaven and its vicinity, which makes us wish that their pens 
had been more prolific' 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — DERBYSHIRE. 43 

Craven. See Yorkshire. 

Derbyshire. — The Rhymed Chronicle of Edward Manlove (reprinted 
from the original edition of 1653). By Thomas Tapping. 8vo. Lon- 
don, 1851. 

Contains a Glossary of Mining Terms at pp. 21 — 35 ; and a list of -works 
upon Derbyshire mining customs at p. vii ; to be reprinted for the E. D. S. as 
Gloss. B. 8. 

Eara Avis in Terris ; or the Compleat Miner. In two Books, &c. 
By Thomas Houghton. 12mo. London, 1681. 

Contains a Glossary of Mining Terms, to be reprinted for the E. D. S. as 
Gloss. B. 9. 

Later editions: in three parts, 12mo., 1687 ; 12mo., 1688 (with the 

title — The Complete Miner); 8vo., 1729; 8vo., 1738 (in a collection 
of Treatises upon Metals, Mines, &c. ; see art. Metals in Bohn's 
liowndes' Manual). 

Miner's Dictionary. By William HoosoN. 8vo. Wrejcliam, 11 il . 

Letter to William Hooson, a Derbyshire Miner, shewing the mistakes 
and errors in his ' Miner's Dictionary.' 8vo. Chester, 1747. 

*The Mineralogy and Glossary of Derbyshire. By J. Mawe. 8vo. 
London, 1802. [The Glossary of Mining Terms occupies pp. 201 — 211, 
to be reprinted for the E. D. S. as Gloss. B. 10.] 

*The Derbyshire Miners' Glossary ; or an Explanation of the Tech- 
nical Terms of the Miners, &c. By James Maunder. 8vo. ; pp. xyi. 
and 131. Bakewell, G. Nail, 1824. 

An edition in 1821 is mentioned in Mr Russell Smith's Bibliographical List ; 
but this seems to be a mere misprint, 

A Dialogue in the Derbyshire Dialect. Printed in Bos worth's Anglo- 
Saxon Dictionary ; pref. p. XXX. London, Longmans, 1838. 

* An Attempt at a Derbyshire Glossary. By John Sleigh. Pp. 11. 
Repr. from the 'Eeliquary,' ed. by LI. Jewitt, F.S.A., for Jan. 1865. 
London, J. R. Smith ; Derby, W. Bemrose and Sons, L'ongate. 

In the * Reliquary ' are two separate Glossaries of Derbyshire Words by Mr 
Sleigh. The first appeared in the Reliquary, vol. v., pp. 156 — 164 ; the 
second in the Reliqnar)', vol. vi.,pp. 92 — 96 and 157 — 171. The one reprinted 
was the former of these. 

The Ballads and Songs of Derbyshire ■. with illustrative Notes and 
Examples of the Original Music, &c. Edited by Llewellynn Jewitt, 
F.S.A. Sm. 8vo., pp. xvi. and 307. Jjondon, Bemrose and Lothian, 
21, Paternoster Row; Derby, Bemrose and Sons, Irongate, 1867. 
Contains very little that is provincial. 

Owd Sammy Twitcher's Yisit tut Gret Exibishun e Darby. [By 
Joseph Barlow Robinson.] Svo., pp. 24. Derby (?), 1870. 

Owd Sammy Twitcher's Second Visit tut Gret Exibishun e Darby wi 
Jim. 8vo., pp. 24. Derby (?), 1870. 

Owd Sammy Twitcher's Crismas Bowk for 1870, full a Fun, Tales, an 
Rhymes suitable for t' Season. By J. B. Robinson. 8vo., plates, 1870. 



44 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Owd Sammy Twitclier's Visit tut Watter Cure Establishment at 
Matlock Bonk, with a Derbyshire Glossary. By J. B. EoBiNSOisr. 
8vo., plates, 1871. 

In reply to a query inserted in the Derbyshire Times, May 24, 1873, a letter 
appeared m the same paper in June, from Mr Joseph Barlow Robinson, stating 
that ' of the first of these four works eight editions, and of the second four 
editions were published. Both contain Glossaries of Words, and are now very 
scarce,* Mr Ellis finds that these works are not true to the dialect, and must 
by no means be trusted. 

Specimens of the Dialects of the Peak of Derbyshire are given at the 
end of Mr A. J. Ellis' paper on Varieties of English Dialects, reprinted 
from the Transactions of the Philological Society for 1870. 

Mr Ellis has kindly presented copies of this to members of the English Dia- 
lect Society. 

*Three separate MS. collections of ' Derbicisms ' were made at 
different times by the Eev. Sajviuel Pegge, in the eighteenth 
century. 

The autograph MS. of these important collections has been purchased for 
the E. D. S. 

For some further illustrations of the Derbyshire dialect, see the 
Monthly Magazine for 1815, part 2, p. 297 ; and for 1816, part 1, pji. 
312 and 494. 

Devonshire. — The following account is reprinted, with additions, 
from a ' List of Books, etc. , written in, or relating to the Dialects of 
Devon,' compiled by John Shelly, originally printed among the 
Transactions of the Plymouth Institution. Mr Shelly has kindly re- 
vised it for the E. D. S. 

1 (a) The Obliging Husband and Imperious "Wife ; or the West Country 
Clothier undone by a Peacock, with the Pleasant and Comical Humours 
of Honest Humphrey, his Man, in witty and ingenious Dialogues. 
12mo. 1717. Woodcut frontispiece in compartments. 
A copy was offered by Mr Lilly in 1868 for £2 2«. 

(6) The Obliging Husband and Imperious Wife, or the West-country 
Clothier undone by a Peacock. In dialogues, one of which is between 
Mr Wilmot, a West-country Clothier at Crediton in Devonshire, and a 
Gentlewoman of good fortune in Exeter, and Honest Humphrey the 
Clothier's Man, with the Intrigues of their Courtship. London, 
1722. 
(c) The Honest London Spy. Part 3. The Pleasant and Comical 
Humours of Honest Humphrey, in dialogues between an Obliging 
Husband and an Imperious Wife ; between Mr Wilmot, a West 
Country Clothier at Crediton, undone by a Peacock, a Gentleman of 
good Fortune in Exeter, and Honest Humphrey his Man, &c., dis- 
coursing how extravagant Wives consume their Husbands' Estate and 
bring them to ruin. 1731. Frontispiece. 

This is a specimen of the Dialect of Devon. Davidson^ s BibliotJieca Devoni- 
ensis. An earlier specimen of the Dialect is to be found in some verses by the 
Rev. AVm. Stroud (or Strode) of Newnham (d. 1644), describing a visit to 
Plymouth. These are printed in N. & Q,., 2nd S. x. 462, from a copy pre- 
served among the Harl. MSS., and reprinted from N. & Q. in Worth's History 
of Plymouth (1871), p. 2o9. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — DEVONSHIRE. 45 

2. An Exmoor Scolding; in the Propriety and Decency of Exmoor 
Language, between two sisters, Wilmot Moreman and Thomasin 
Moreman, as they were spinning. 4to. Exeter^ 1746. 

Exmoor Courtship ; or a suitoring Discourse in the Devonshire Dialect 
and mode near the Forest of Exmoor. 4to. Exeter, 1746. 

This ' Discourse ' is printed in the Gentleman's Magazine for the months 
June, July, August, and November, 1746, from a copy furnished by a cor- 
respondent whose letter is signed 'H. Oxon.' Another correspondent signing 
* Devoniensis ' contributes ' an Exmoor Vocabulary ' printed in the same 
volume of the Magazine, p. 405. A sixth edition of the Scolding and Court- 
ship appears to have been published at Exeter in 1768, (the date is erroneously 
printed 1668). There were two editions (the seventh and eighth) in 1771, and 
subsequent editions in 1782, 1788, 1793, 1794, 1795 (with translation), 1802, 
1818, 1827, 1830, and 1839. There is a Glossary at the end. 

A portion of the Courtship was printed in Blackwood's Magazine for 
February, 1819, p. 530, with a paraphrase in blank verse, and notes. The 
article was announced for continuation, but was never completed. 

The correspondent of the Gentleman's Magazine states that the ' Discourse ' 
was ' first written by a clergyman of Devonshire, near the forest of Exmoor.' 
In the preface to the seventh edition the collection is said to have been ' ori- 
ginally made about the beginning of the present [18th] century by a blind itin- 
erant Fiddler (one Peter Lock, of North-Moulton, or its neighbourhood) ' ; — 
the Scolding having been put into its present form by a neighbouring clergy- 
man, by whom it was communicated to the editor of the first and subsequent 
editions, who perfected the Courtship. But Sir John Bowring says (Trans- 
actions of the Devonshire Association, part v., p. 28) ' the authors of the 
Exmoor Scolding and Exmoor Courting were Andrew Brice and Benjamin 
Bowring. The former was a learned and laborious bookseller in Exeter. . . . 
The latter .... was the grandson of a John Bowring of Chumleigh, who was 
largely engaged in the woollen trade.' 

In Mr J. Russell Smith's * Bibliographical List,' it is noted that one of the 
. editions of 1771 was published at Exeter, in 12mo. ; and that the tenth edi\{\o\i 
was in 8vo., pp. 47 ; Exeter, W. Grigg, 1788. The seventh edition, edited by 
Mr Brice, is considered the best. The Scolding and Courtship are printed at 
length in a note to Polwhele's History of Cornwall, vol. v. (1816), p. 26. 
Cheap reprints have been recently published. 

3. The Eoyal Visit to Exeter ; a Poetical Epistle by John Ploughshare, 
a farmer of Morton Hampstead in the County of Devon. Published 
by Peter Pindar, Esq. (Dr Wolcot). 4to. Londoii, 1795. 

This is included in the collected Works of Peter Pindar, Esq., London, 1812, 
and will be found in vol, iii., p. 465. In vol. iv. are two poems in the dialect, 
Devonshire Hob's Love, p. 107, and the Middlesex Election, or Poetical 
Epistles, in the Devonshire dialect, by Mr Joseph Budge, in London, to Lord 
Rolle, at Weymouth, p. 429. 

4. The Eoyal Progress to Maidstone ; by Jan Ploughshare, of Devon- 
shire. 8vo., 28 pp. Rochester, printed by W. Epps, Troy-town, n. d. 

Apparently an imitation of Peter Pindar. On the title page of the copy lent 
me by Mr W. W. Robinson, of Oxford, some person has written * by Keys, a 
Dancing Master.' The running title is The Kentish Review, etc. It begins as 
follows : — 

Jan Ploushare, once of Devonshire 
Was toir'd of ztaying zo long there, 
Among the volks o' the west, — 
Therefore a zaid a'd tak a walk 
To Lunnon Zitj, vor to talk 

Wi' the wize men o' the East. 



46 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Jan having zecn the wond'roiia zoights ! 
In Lunnon, both by days and noights, 

Zurprizing to be hurd ; 
A thoft of going home again, 
But ztayed to zee the virst of men, 

The great King George the third. 

And hearing Maister King were bent 
To tak a journey down in Kent, 

To veiw the vollunteers : 
Jan zaid a would go down along. 
And mix among the moighty throng 

To veiw mun and his peers. 

5. The Eural Economy of the West of England, including Devonshire, 
and parts of Somersetshire, Dorsetshire, and Cornwall. By Mr 
Marshall. 2 vols., 8vo. London, 1796. 

Vol. I. pp. 323 — 332, contains a Glossary of the Provincialisms of West 
Devonshire, which has been reprinted for the E. D. S. as Gloss. B. 6. 

6. A provincial Vocabulary ; containing, for the most part, such words 
as are current amongst the common people in Devonshire and Corn- 
wall. Monthly Magazine, vol. xxvi. [1808], pp. 421, 544 : vol. xxix. 
[1810], p. 431. 

This vocabulary is incomplete, extending only as far as Gi, and it does not 
appear to have been continued. There is a list of Devonshire words in Moore's 
History of Devonshire (1829), vol. i., p. 506 ; and another in the Topographical 
and Statistical Description of the County of Devon, by George A. Cooke ; p. 
302. London, n. d. (but 1825.^). See also the Gent. Maga. for 1793, p. 
1083. 

7. A Cornish English Vocabulary ; a Vocabulary of local Xames, 
chiefly Saxon, and a Provincial Glossary. By the Eev. Egbert Pol- 
WHELE. 4to. Truro and London (CadeU), 1808. 

This forms also the 6th vol. of Polwhele's History of Cornwall (see ante, p. 
25). The Glossary contains almost as many Devonshire as Cornish words, and 
many of those marked only C are used in Devonshire also. Indeed there is 
very little, if any, distinction between the dialect of E. Cornwall and W. 
Devon. 

8. A Pamphlet called — Old England for ever : from a Devonshii-e Jog- 
trot, not of too high or low a rate. 8vo. Exeter, T. ElindeU, 1819. 

9. (a) A Dialogue in the Devonshire Dialect (in three parts). By A 
Lady; to which is added a Glossary, by J. F. Palmer. Post 8vo., 
pp. 107. London, Longmans, 1837. 

This is said to have been printed from an incomplete copy, but it differs in 
many respects from the next edition. Palmer's Glossary is much more copious 
than that of Phillipps, appended to the subsequent editions of the Dialogue. 

(&) A Devonshire Dialogue, in four parts : to which is added a Glossary, 
for the most part by the late Eev. John Phillipps, of Membury, 
Devon. Edited by Mrs Gwatkin. 12mo., pp. 91. Lo7idon, G. B. 
Whittaker, 1839. 

The Glossary occupies pp. 65 — 85. 

(c) The Courtship of Eoger and Bet, with a Glossary. Devonport, 1868. 
A reprint of the edition of 1839. 

The Dialogue was written by Mrs Palmer, a sister of Sir Joshua Reynolds. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — DEVONSHIRE. 47 

It is in the Dialect of North Devon, Mrs Gwatkin was Mrs Palmer's 
daughter. 

10. Traditions of Devonshire on the Borders of the Tamar and the Tavy. 
By Mrs Bray. 3 vols, 12nio. London, Murray, 1838. 

This is addressed in a series of letters to Robert Southey. It contains a con- 
siderable number of West Devon Provincialisms. The authoress (formerly 
Mrs Stothard) was the wife of the Yicar of Tavistock. 

11. Eustic Sketches, being Poems on Angling, in the Dialect of East 
Devon, by Piscator [Mr George Pulman, of Axminster]. Taunton, 
1842. 

There is a reprint of this, dated London, 1871. 

12. Poetical Letters tu es brither Jan, and a Witch Story, tha old 
Humman way the urd Cloke, nr tha evil Eye, in the Devonshire 
Dialect. By Nathan Hogg. Eourth edition, 12nio. London, 1860. 

By Mr Henry Baird of Exeter. This fourth edition is altered and enlarged. 
The 3rd edition is dated London, J. R. Smith, 1858. A still earlier edition is 
dated Exeter, 1847, and must be the 1st. The 2nd is dated London, Chapman 
and Hall, 1850. 

13. A New Series of Poems in the Devonshire Dialect : including the 
Witch Story of Mucksy Lane, and the Kenton Ghost. By Nathan 
Hogg. Pourth edition, 12mo. London, 1866. 

14. Nathan Hogg's Letters and Poems in the Devonshire Dialect. 
Fifth edition, with additions. Post 8vo. London, J. E. Smith, n. d. 

15. The Song of Solomon in the Devonshire Dialect. Erom the author- 
ised English Version. By Henry Baird, author of ' Nathan Hogg's 
Letters and Poems ' in the same dialect. 16mo. \_Londres, I860.] 

250 copies printed at the cost of Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte. 

16. The Song of Solomon in the East Devonshire Dialect. From the 
authorised English Yersion. By George P. E. Pulman. 16mo. 
\_Londrts, I860.] 

250 copies printed at the cost of Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte. 

17. The Gospel of St Matthew, translated into Western English as spoken 
in Devonshire. By Henry Baird. 16mo. Londres, 1863. 

250 copies printed at the cost of Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte. 

18. Brither Jan's visit ta tha Crismiss Pantymime; a poetical epistle in 
the Devonshire Dialect ; with other effusions. By W. Hare. 2nd 
ed. 12mo., pp. 65. Exeter, W. Hare, 1863. 

19. Language, with Special reference to the Devonian Dialects. By Sir 
John Bowring, LL.D., F.E.S., M.E.A.S., etc. Printed in the Trans- 
actions of the Devonshire Association, Part v. (1866), pp. 13 — 38. 

20. Jim and Nell : A Dramatic Poem in the Dialect of North Devon. 
By a Devonshire man. Printed for Private Circulation. Sm. 8vo., 
pp. 56. London, 1867. 

A Poem in 137 six-line stanzas. A copious Glossary is appended, pp. 39 — 56. 
The author has kindly presented a copy to the E. D. S. 

21. Glossary of the Devon Dialect. Preliminary list. 

A list of about 800 words printed on a sheet for private circulation by John 
Shelly, in November, 1868. Mr Shelly's MS. Glossary is to be printed for 
the E. D. S. 



48 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

22. Some Inquiry into the Association of tlie Dialects of Devon and 
CornwaU. By E. N. Wobth. Joui-nal of the Eoyal Institution of (Jorn- 
wall, No. xi., 1870. 

There is a list of four Devonian Provincialisms in the Transactions of the 
Philological Society, 1854, p. 84, and some will be found occasionally noted in 
Notes and Queries. In a bookseller's catalogue for July, 1873, is the follow- 
ing entry : — " History of Devonshire, with list of the Provincialisms. 4to, 
400 pp., woodcuts, unpublished, no title. Bds. 4s. 6d., n, d." On application 
to the bookseller a few months after, he stated that it was sold, and he could 
give no further account of it. There are some remarks upon West-country 
words, with a word-list, at p. 125 of the ' Countryman's Conductor in reading 
and writing true English ', by John White ; Exeter, 1701. 

Dorsetshire. The following list has been kindly revised by the 
Rev. W. BAKNES. 

1. Poems on several occasions, formerly written by John Free, D.D. 
The second edition. 12mo. London, E. Owen, 17o7. 

At pp. 81 — 84 is * A Letter from a Parish Clerk in Dorsetshire, to an Absent 
Vicar, in the Dialect of the County.' 

2. John Bull and Tom Stiles ; a Conversation between Two Labourers 
on the Times. 8vo., pp. 12. Blandford, 1838. 

3. The Unioneers ; a little tak about the Times, wi a new Eiable o' 
the Crow an' the Pig [in verse]. 12mo., pp. 11. Dorchester, 1838. 

This originally appeared in the Dorset County Chronicle, Decembei-, 1838. 

4. *Poems of Rural Life, in the Dorset Dialect ; with a Dissertation 
and Glossary. By William Barnes. 12mo. London, J. E. Smith, 
1844. 

All of these poems, and most of the other Dorset poems by the same writer, 
were first printed in the Dorset County Chronicle. 

*Poems of Rural Life, in the Dorset Dialect; with a Dissertation 
and Glossary. By Wm. Barnes. Second ed. ; the Dissertation and 
Glossary enlarged and corrected. 12mo., pp. 411. London, J. E. 
Smith, 1848. [The Dissertation occupies pp. 1 — 50; the Glossary , 
pp. 313—411.] 

a third edition (without the Dissertation and Glossary). 2b., 

J. E. Smith, 1862. 

4th ed., 12mo, pp. 211. Ih., 1866. 

5. *IIwomoly Rhymes : a second Collection of Poems in the 
Dorset Dialect. By William Barnes. 12mo, pp. 216. London, 
J. E. Smith, 1859. 

Second ed. 12mo, pp. 216. Ik, J. E. Smith, 1863. 

6. The Song of Solomon in the Dorset Dialect, from the Authorised 
Eng. version. By the Eev. Wm. Barnes. 16mo., p. 19, 1859. 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte. 

7. *A Grammar and Glossary of the Dorset Dialect ; with the His- 
tory, Outspreading, and Bearings of the South- Western Enghsh. By 
W. Barnes, B.D. 8vo., pp. 103. Published for the Philological Soc. 
by A. Asher and Co., Berlin, 1863. 

8. *Poems of Rural Life, in the Dorset Dialect. By William 
Barnes. A third Collection. London, J. E. Smith, 1863. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — DORSETSHIRE, DURHAM. 49 

9. Jay Apass'd ; a Dorsetshire poem. By William Barxes. In 
Macmillan's Magazine, May, 1864 ; p. 53. 

10. At the Door ; a Dorsetshire Poem. By William Barnes. In 
Macmillan's Magazine, Sept. 1864 ; pp. 416 — 7. 

11. Fellowship (in Dorset dialect). By William Barnes. In 
Macmillan's Magazine, Nov. 1864; p. 56. 

12. A Glossary of Provincial Words used in the County of Dorset. 
12mo., pp. 8. London^ J. Gray Bell, 1851. (Only 60 copies printed.) 

13. *A Harnet set in a hollow tree.' A Fable; 30 lines, signed 
* Old Towler.' Temple, March, 1858. 

14. John Thomas and Phillus. Dree o'm a-taeken. A single sheet. 
Blandford, 1862. 

15. An Eclogue in the Dorset Dialect, in two parts. By Egbert 
Young. 12mo. Blandford, J. H. Bartlett, 1862. 

16. Rabin Hill's Visit to the Railway, &c., in the Dorset Dialect. By 
Robert Young. Small 8vo, pp. 20. Yeovil^ 'Western Gazette* 
Office. No date. 

17. Rabin Hill's Visit to the Railway ; what he zeed and done : and 
what he zed about it. By Robert Young. Part Second. Small 8vo, 
pp. 16. The Hive ; Sturminster Newton, 1864. 

18. Rabin Hill's Excursion to Weston-Super-Mare, to see the open- 
ing of the New Pier, 5th June, 1867. By Egbert Young. Small 
8vo, pp. 23. Yeovil, 'Western Gazette and Flying Post' Office, [1867]. 

19. B'ye Mos' Ready. On a sheet, 112 lines. By Robert Ygung. 
Sturminster Newton, 1868. 

20. Epistle from Roger Coulter, of Dorsetshire, to his friend Giles 
Bloomfield, the Suffolk Farmer's Boy. (This poem of 28 lines, in 
the Dorset Dialect, is found at the end of Bloomfield' s Poems, in some 
of the editions.) 

21. MS. copy of Words and Phrases used in Dorsetshire. By Dr 
Cuming. (A copy of this has been communicated to the E. D. S. by 
W. G. Stone, Esq. of Dorchester.) 

Durham.— See also Northumberland. 

The Bishopric Garland, or Durham Minstrel ; being a choice Col- 
lection of English Songs, relating to the above county. Edited by 
Joseph Ritsgn. 12mo. Stockton, 1784. 

Reprinted in the ' Northern Garlands,' by the same editor. 

Svo. London, 1810. 

The Shields Song Book ; being a Collection of Choice and Senti- 
mental Songs never before published ; written by gentlemen of the 
neighbourhood. South Shields, G. W. Barnes, 1826. 

The Bishoprick Garland : or, a Collection of Legends, Songs, 
Ballads, &c., belonging to the County of Durham. 8yo, pp. 84. 
London, 1834. 

4 



50 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Only 150 copies printed, for private distribution, at the expense of the 
editor, Sir Cuthbert Sharp. 

*A Yaluable Glossary of Ancient Durham Words will he found in 
* The Charters of Endowment, Inventories, and Account Eolls of the 
Priory of Finchale ; ' edited by the Eev. James Eaine. 8vo. Pub- 
lished by the Surtees Society, 1837. 

"Weardale Men and Manners, with Specimens of Dialects, by J. 
Peatherston-. With plates, Svo. Durham, 1840. 

*A Glossary of Provincial Words used in Teesdale, co. Durham. 
[By P. T. DnrsDAiiE, LL.D., Leamington.] 12mo, pp. xv. and 151. 
London, J. E. Smith, 1849. 

The author observes, at p. vii. — ' I must not omit to mention a MS. " Col- 
lection of Words used in the Bishoprick of Durham and some adjoining 
Counties," in tbe handwriting of Gray, the poet, which was recently purchased 
by Peter Cunningham, Esq. It contains 195 words, and was probably 
furnished to the poet by his friend Dr Warton, Bitson also appears to have 
made a collection of such words.' 

The Song of Solomon in the Durham Dialect, as spoken at St. 
John's Chapel, Weardale. By Thomas Mooee. 16mo. ILondon, 
1859.] 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte. 

See also the publications of the Surtees Society, several of which relate 
to the county of Durham. 

East Anglia. — *The Vocabulary of East Anglia ; an attempt to record 

the vulgar tongue of the twin-sister counties, Norfolk and Suffolk, as it 

existed in the last twenty years of the eighteenth century, and still 

exists ; with proof of its Antiquity from Etymology and Authority. 

By the late Eev. Egbert Porby, Eector of Fincham, Norfolk. 2 vols, 

post Svo. Vols i. and ii., with a portrait, pp. 638. London, 1830. 

A posthumous publication, edited by the Rev. Geo. Turner of Kettlcbur^h, 

with a memoir written by Dawson Turner, Esq. of Yarmouth. It contams 

a long and interesting Introduction on the Origin and Progress of Popular 

Language, with a particular view to that of East Anglia ; also on the princij)al 

characteristics of East Anglian Pronunciation, and on the peculiarities of its 

Grammar ; and an Appendix on the Popular Superstitions, Old Customs, and 

Proverbs of East Anglia. 

An interleaved copy, with MS. additions by E. Be van, of Bury, belonging to 
the London Philological Society (see Trans., 1845, ii. 189), has been lent to 
the E, D. S. 

Another interleaved copy has also been lent, with MS. notes by Rev. E. S. 
Taylor and others. 

The Vocabulary of East Anglia. By Eev. R. Porby. Vol. iii. 
being a supplementary Volume. By the Eev. W. T. Sptjrdens (1840). 
12mo, pp. xiv. and 59. London, Nichols ; Norwich, E. N. Bacon, 
1858. 

Printed after the author's death. Mr. Spurdens explains that he furnished 
Forby with a great part of the materials for his collection, and his remarks 
frequently furnish corrections for Forby' s book. 

Norfolk words not in Porby's Glossary. See the Norfolk Archseo- 
logia, vol. V. ; cf. vol. ii. p. 291. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — ESSEX. 51 

Eeview of Forby's Glossary. See Gent. Maga. 1830, part i. p. 37. 

Eastern England, from the Thames to the Hiimber. By Walter 
White, 2 vols, 8vo. London, Chapman and Hall, 1865. 

Contains a few notes on words used in Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, and 
Lincolnshire. 

East Anglian, or Notes and Queries on Subjects connected with the 
Counties of Suffolk, Cambridge, Essex, and Norfolk, edited by Saml. 
Tymms. 3 vols, Svo. 1858—69. 

This publication has been since continued. 

*Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, a handbook for visitors, &c. With 
a history of the East Coast herring fishery ; and an Etjinological and 
Comparative Glossary of the Dialect of East Anglia. By J. G. Nall. 
Sm. 8vo; pp. 728. London, Longman and Co., 1866. [The disserta- 
tion on the dialect occupies pp. 422 — 504 ; the Glossary, pp. 505 — 698.] 

Essex. — ^Vocabulary of the Essex Dialect, by Dan. Copsey ; com- 
municated to the Monthly Magazine, July 1, 1814 ; pp. 498 — 9 ; cf. 
p. 31. Additions to the same, by H. Narbal, appeared in the Monthly 
Magazine, March 1, 1815, p. 125. 

Tiptree Fair in 1844, a curious specimen of the 'unlettered muse'. 
By'J. B. H.' Svo. T^p^ree ZTea^ A (at Charles Clark's private press), 
1848. 

* John Noakes and Mary Stiles ; or ' an Essex Calf s ' visit to Tiptree 
Eaces ; a Poem, exhibiting some of the most striking lingual localisms 
peculiar to Essex ; with a Glossaiy. By Chaeles Clark, Esq. of 
Great Totham Hall, Essex. 12mo, and also printed in post 8vo, pp. 
48. London, J. E. Smith, 1839. [The Glossary occupies pp. 34 — 48.] 

*A Glossary of Provincial Words used in the County of Essex. 12mo, 
pp. 14. London, J. Gray Bell, 1851. 

*Essay on the * East- Saxon Dialect.' By the Eev. J. M. Jephson, 
M.A., F.S.A. See The Proceedings of the Essex Archaeological Society 
(pr. at Colchester), vol. ii. (1863) ; the Essay begins at p. 173, and is 
followed by a Glossary of Essex Words, pp. 183 — 188. 

See also Tusser's Five Hundred Points of Good Husbandry. Tusser 
was an Essex man, and uses many provincial terms. 

It may be remarked that Eay's Glossary contains a considerable 
number of Essex words. Eay was born in the neighbourhood of 
Braintree. 

Exmoor. See Devonshire. 

Furness. See Lancashire. 

Gloucestershire. — The Eural Economy of Gloucestershire. By Mr 
Marshall. 2 vols, 8vo. First edition ; London, 1789. 

. Second edition; Ih., G. Nicol, 1796. 

See Vol. i., pp. 323 — 332, for * Provincialisms of tke Vale of Glocester.' The 
E. D. S. has reprinted these in Gloss. B. 4. 

Abstracts of Eecords and Manuscripts respecting the County of 
Gloucester. By T. D. Fosbrooke. 2 vols, 4to. Gloucester 1817. 



52 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Vol. i., pp. 132—5, contains remarts on the Provincial Proverbs, Dialect, &c. ; 
the latter is illustrated by a Song, entitled 'George Ridler's Oven, a right 
famous old Gloucestershire Ballad.' Another version of this Ballad is given 
in ' The Scouring of the White Horse,' by T. Hughes. Sec Berkshire. 

A Glossary of Provincial Words used in Gloucestershire ; with pro- 
verbs current in that County. 12mo, pp. 14. London^ J. Gray Bell, 
1851. 

Will shortly be reprinted for the E. D. S. 

Our Vulgar Tongue. A Lecture on Language in general, with a few 
words on Gloucestershire in particular ; delivered before the Literary 
and Scientific Association at Gloucester, Jan. 17, 1868 ... By the 
Eev. S. Lysons, M.A., F.S.A. 8vo. pp. 51 ; with Tables, and an 
Appendix of 62 pages. London^ Triibner, 1868. 

*A Glossary of the Cots wold (Gloucestershire) Dialect. Illustrated 
by Examples from Ancient Authors. By the late Eev. E. Webster 
Huntley, A.M. of Boxwell Court, Gloucestershire. Crown 8vo, pp. 
71. London, J. E. Smith; Gloucester, E. Nest, Westgate Street, [1868]. 

220 Illustrations of Gloucestershire Dialect, compiled by E. G. 
Baylis. 12mo, 1870. 

A Glosterzhur zong on the Kerlock. [By Professor Buckman.] A 

single sheet. 
Hampshire. — MS. List of Words used in the neighbourhood of Aires- 
ford, Hants. By Eev. B. Belcher. See Phil. Soc. Trans., 1845, ii. 
109. 

On application to the Secretary of the Philological Society, it appears that 
this collection has long been lost. 

School-life at Winchester College ; with a Glossary of words, &c., 
peculiar to Winchester CoUege. By E. B. M[anseield]. Cr. 8vo, 
pp. 243, 2nded. London, J. C. Hotten, 1870. [The Glossary contains 
a few words that are really provincial, the rest being school slang.] 

*The ^NTew Forest ; its history and its scenery. By J. R. Wise. 
4to, pp. viii. and 336. London, Smith, Elder, and Co., 1871. 

There is a Glossary of words used in the New Forest, at pp. 279 — 288 ; and 
other provincial words occur in the text. The publishers have kindly given 
leave to the E.D. S. to reprint these in the Glossary of Hampshire words which 
is being prepared for the Society by the Rev. W. W. Skeat. 

A list of Hampshire words was printed at pp. 37, 38 of vol. iv. of 
Warner's Collections for Hampshire. 6 vols, 4to. London, 1795. 

These are simply collected and copied from Grose's Provincial Glossary. 

A list of Hampshire words was also printed at p. 481 of Wheeler's Hamp- 
shire Magazine for 1828. After considerable trouble, it was discovered to be 
the very same list. 

At p. 137 of the same Magazine is a Dialogue between a lawyer and his client. 
The client's talk is perhaps intended to represent the Hampshire dialect ; but 
it is short and not remarkable. See also Notes and Queries, 1st Series, vol. x. 
pp. 120 and 256 ; 2nd S., xii. 493 ; 3rd S., i. 66. 

*MS. Glossary of Hampshire words. By Sir E. Madden. 

This autograph MS. has been purchased for the E. D. S. and has been tran- 
scribed for press by the Eev. W. W. Skeat. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — HEREFORDSHIRE, KENT. 53 

*MS.- Glossary of Words used in the Isle of Wiglit. To be edited, 
with additions, by C. Eoach Smith, Esq. (brother of the compiler), 
for the E. D. S. 

Herefordshire. — Collections towards the History and Antiquities of 
the County of Hereford. By Joh]^- Duncumb, A.M. 2 vols, 4to. 
Hereford, 1804—12. 

See vol. i. pp. 212 — 215, for a list of provincial words and phrases. This 
list has been reprinted for the E. D. S. as Gloss. B. 12. 

*A Glossary of Provincial Words used in Herefordshire and some of 
the adjoining counties. [By Sir G. C. Lewis.] 12mo, pp. xii. and 
132. London, J. Murray, 1839. 

Kent. — Ravenscroft's Melismata,Musicall Pliancies fitting the Court, 
Citie, and Country Humours. 4to. London, 1611, contains a wooing 
song in the Kentish Dialect, No. 22. 

*MS. Glossary of ' Kenticisms.' By the Eev. Samuel Pegge. 
Written in 1735. 

This important collection, containing over 600 words, has been purchased 
for the E, D. S., and was printed in 1874 for the Kent Archaeological Society, 
and will be reprinted for the E. D. S. It is followed by a collection of over 
70 Kentish Proverbs. 

♦History and Antiquities of the Isle of Tenet (Thanet) in Kent. By 
the Eev. John Lewis. 2nd ed. 4to. London, 1736. 

Contains a short Glossary of Kentish words, which has been reprinted for 
theE. D. S. as Gloss. B. 11. 

Kentish Tales in Verse and other humorous poems, with JS'otes 
historical, wittical, critical, wag and pragmatical. By the late 
Edward Nairne. Second edition. 12mo, pp. 102. Sandgate, Pur- 
day & Sons [1824]. 

Contains a tale entitled *Dame Hobday', partly in the Kentish Dialect. 

Dick and Sal ; or Jack and Joan's Fair : A doggerel poem. Eourth 
edition, pp. 23. Lover ; Eigden, n. d. [In the Kentish Dialect. See 
Notes & Queries, 4th S., vi. 17.] 

Some copies of the fourth edition are dated Canterhury, 1830. There was 
- also a fifth edition, undated. The date of the third edition is 1830. 

The Dialect of Kent in the fourteenth Century. By Eichard Morris, 
Esq. Svo, pp. 24. Archaeologia Cantiana. Vol. vi., 1866. (Eeprint.) 

MS. li«t of Provincialisms of East Kent. By E. Sandys, Esq. See 
Phil. Soc. Trans., 1845, ii. 109. 

It appears that this collection has been long lost. 

It was announced in Mr Eussell Smith's Bibliographical List that 
* Clement T. Smythe, Esq. , of Maidstone, is preparing a Glossary of 
this County.' It never appeared. 

Lambarde's Perambulation of the County of Kent (often reprinted) 
contains several useful hints. Other useful books are Somner's Ports 
and Ports ; Somner's Antiquities of Canterbury ; and Plot's History 
of Staffordshire, the author of which was a Kentish man. 

Boys' History of Sandwich contains a few Kentish words. See the 
Addenda. 



54 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

The best example of Kentish is * The Ayenhite of Inwyt ', or Ee- 
morse of Conscience, written by Dan Michel of Northgate, a.d. 1340. 
The best edition of this treatise is that by Dr Morris, published for 
the Early English Text Society, 1866. See also the Poems of William 
of Shoreham, edited by T. Wright for the Percy Society in 1849. Also, 
the Old Kentish Sermons in * An old English Miscellany' (pp. 26 — 36), 
edited by Dr Morris for the E. E. T. S. in 1872. 

In Notes and Queries, 1st Ser. i. 247, 339, there is mention of a 
Kentish ballad by Tom Durfey. 

Lake district. See Cumberland. 

Lancashire. — The following excellent account of the literature of 
this county is reprinted (with additions) from * The Literature of the 
Lancashire Dialect. A Bibliographical Essay. By William E. A. 
Axon, F.E.S.L. London, Triibner & Co., 1870 ' — a pamphlet of 
24 pages. The additions are also chiefly contributed by Mr Axon, 
who has revised the whole with great care for the English Dialect 
Society. We are also indebted, for some suggestions, to Mr J. P. 
Morris. The Preface to Mr Axon's Essay is here reprinted below : 

* None of our provincial dialects can boast of a literature so rich 
and extensive as that of Lancashire. The oldest known ballad it 
possesses dates from about the year 1548, and is entitled Warriken 
Fair. Erom that time to the publication of John Collier's " Lanca- 
shire Dialect Illustrated," in 1746, there is little of importance ; but 
since that time to the present day there has been an unbroken suc- 
cession of writers who have illustrated the quaint and strong folk- 
speech of the county of the Red Rose. Whoso desires to become 
thoroughly acquainted with the genius and manners of the Lancashire 
people must study the writings of Collier, of Robert Walker, of the 
Wilsons, and, in our own day, of Waugh, Brierley, and their fellow- 
labourers. The popularity of Mr Waugh's writings, particularly of 
his now famous lyric, " Come whoam to thy childher an' me," has 
given a new impetus to this local literature, and almost each day 
witnesses some addition to it. The present is the first attempt to 
register the literature of the Lancashire dialect, and, like all first at- 
tempts, it is doubtless imperfect, although, as will be seen, the list is 
a long one. Such as it is, it has cost the compiler much trouble, and 
he will gratefully receive any communications which will make it 
more complete. It is ofi'ered only as a bibliographical essay, and 
this will also explain why no philological remarks are given on the 
characteristics of the dialect. The question of a provincial glossary 
is now being discussed, and we have sanguine hopes that the work 
will be accomplished. Along with the glossary, however, we want a 
bibliography of dialectical literature, and specimens accurately tran- 
scribed into the only alphabet yet devised for their scientific notation 
■ — we mean the Glossic of Mr Alexander J. Ellis, F.R.S. If Mr 
Aldis Wright and his coadjutors will perform this labour, they will 
earn the gratitude of all those who love our noble English tongue, and 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 55 

are not ashamed of gathering the flowers which blossom in its bye- 
lanes/ 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate. See Brierley (B.). 
Abrum o* Flups. See Scholes (J.). 
AiNSWORTH (W. H.). 

The Lancashire Witches : a Eomance of Pendle Forest. By William 

Harrison Ainsworth. London. 12mo, pp. xii. 480. Is. Various 

other editions. 

All neet in a Grave. [By Donaldson.] Anonymous. 

Almond (J.). 
— The Billy-Goat Club, or Bob Clogger's Party. By John 
AXMOND. 8vo. Manchester. \d. 

A Bunch of Water-cresses, or an Afternoon with Old Bob. By 
John Almond, Svo. Blackburn. 4d. 

A day at Blackpoo' ; or Tommy the Bobbin Carrier and his Wife 
Mary Ann's Trip to 't Sawt Waji;er. By John Almond. Manchester. 
Svo, pp. 16. 2d. 

Another edition. Blachhurn. Svo. 

Dicky and Dolly at th' Blegburn Exhibition. By John 
Almond. Svo, 30 pp. Manchester, Zd. 

How Mrs. Feathers put Four in a Bed. A Lancashire Sea-side 

Sketch. By John Almond. Svo. Blackburn. Id. 

-Sall-o'-Betty's, or Very Proper. An East Lancashire Sketch. 



By John Almond. Svo. Blackburn. \d. 

Tommy-the-Bobbin-Carrier's Chep Trip to th' Sawt Wavter. 

By John Almond. Svo. Blackburn. 2d. 

The foregoing Sketches illustrate the variations of pronunciation in Black- 
burn and East Lancashire. The most noticeable difference is the use of d for 
t at the endings of words, as thad for that ; bud for but ; id for it, — J. H. N. 

Ashbumer's Vocal Eepository. See Meadows (T.). 

Axon (W. E. A.). 

Billy O'Bent's Berryin', or the Dule i' Dingle ; a Lancashire Sketch. 
By the Author of 'Dr Eondeau.' Manchester. Svo, pp. S. Anonymous. 

The Black Knight of Ashton. Being an account of a Visit to 
Ashton-under-Lyne, to witness the annual ceremony of Hiding the 
Black Lad. With some Tales and Songs by the Way. By William 
E. A. Axon, F.E.S.L. 76., 1870. Svo, pp. 62. Qd. 

The Boggart of Orton Clough. By the Author of ' Dr Eondeau, 
and other Stories. lb., [1870]. Svo, pp. S. Anonymous. Id. 

Cousin Liz. lb., 1867. Broadside. Anonymous. 

Dr Eondeau' s Eevenge; and other Lancashire Sketches. By 
William E. A. Axon, lb., 1867. 12mo, pp. 29. M. 

Contents. — Dr Rondeau's Revenge. — Dingle Cot, — Gallows-field Ghost. — 

Courtin' Toime.— Dukinfield Belles. — Abner Clark's Convert. — Weaver's Song. 

Folk-Song and Folk-Speech of Lancashire. On the Ballads and 
Songs of the County Palatine, with notes on the dialect in which many 



56 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

of tliem are written, witli an Appendix on LancasHre-Folk-Lore. 
By William E. A. Axon, F.E.S.L. Ih. 

The Golden Bracelet : a Sketch. By the Author of * Dr Eondean.' 
Ih. 8vo, pp. 15. Anonymous. 

The Haunted Bridge, or the Man who married a Ghost ! By the 
Author of 'Dr Eondeau,' and other Stories. Ih., 1870. Svo, 
Anonymous. Id. Written in conjunction with W. E. Credland. 

The Literature of the Lancashire Dialect. A Bibliographical Essay. 
By William E. A. Axon, F.E.S.L. London, [Hertford printed] 1870. 
Svo, pp. 23. 

Contains the titles of 279 publications. 

' Smoky Lancashire,' ' Cope's Tobacco Plant.' Liverpool, April 
and May, 1871. 

The two articles in continuation were written by Joseph M. Hawcroft. 
See also Heywood (Abel). 

Bamford (S.). 

Homely Ehymes, Poems and Eeminiscences. Manchester, 1864. 
Svo, pp. viii and 248, with portrait. 3s. Qd. (The glossary occupies 
pp. 246—248.) 

See Collier (J.), also Eichardson (Geo.), Eidings (Elijah). 

Barber, (H., M.D.). 

Fomess Folk, The'r sayin's an dewin's; or sketches of life and 
character in Lonsdale North of the Sands. Be Eoger Piketah. [Henry 
Barber, M.D.] London, John Eussell Smith. Carlisle, Geo. Coward, 
1870 ; pp. v.-vi., 3-72. 

Contains 4 sketches and 8 anecdotes in the Fumess Dialect. — J. P. M. 

Be ALE Y (E. E.). 

After Business Jottings. Poems and Lyrics. By E. E. Bealey. 
Second edition. London [Manchester printed]. Svo, pp. 100. Fron- 
tispiece. 

Eawr Bessey. Manchester Svo. Illustrated. 2d, 

Old Hall Ehymes. Ih. Svo. 3s. 

Poems. Ih. Svo. Is. Or may be had separately, \d. each. 

Contents. — 1 & 2. Eawr Bessey. — 3. Mally.— 4. Owd David at Majors.— 
5. Wurch while you con. — 6. Th' winter's comin' on. — 7. Thoose Bonny 
Bells ut Stond.— 8. My Johnny.— 9. My Own Little Baby.— 10. Courtin' 
Neet.— 11. Owd Joseph's Song. — 12. My Peace is o' but woven eawt.— 13. 
Come, Sally. 
Field Flowers and City Chimes. Ih. Svo. Is. 

Betty o' Yep's Laughable Tale of Jinny Cropper. [By M. E. Lahee.] 

Ajionymous. 
Bible. See Solomon's Song. 

Bigg (John Stanyan). 

Shifting Scenes, and other Poems. By J. Stanyan BiGG. London^ 
William Freeman, 1862, pp. 1-172. 

Contains « Yan or two lile bits i' t' Fumess Dialect.' *Auld Granfadder 
Jones.' * T' Auld Man ' and « Lile Polly.'— J. P. M. 

AKred Staunton. A Novel. Ih. James Blackwood (no date), 
pp. 1-354. 

Contains many graphic sketches in the Furness Dialect. Scarce.— Z. P. M. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 57 

BiLLINGTON (W.). 

A Tay an' Eum Ditty ; illustratin' t'other soide o' Waugh's cele- 
brated pictur', ' Come Whoam to thy Childer an' me.' Manchester. 
Broadside. Anonymous. 

Cowd Winter is comin' wonst moor. By William Billtngton. 
Blackburn ; printed for the author. Broadside. 

Friends are few when Foak are poor. By Wm. BiLLINGTON". 
Blackhurn; W. Millar. Broadside. 

Heaw to ged Eich. By William Billington. Blackhurn; W. 
Millar. Broadside. 

Nobuddy knows bud mehsel ! By Wm. Billington. Broadside. 

Th' Shurat Weyver. By William Billington. Blackburn ; W. 
Millar. Broadside. (Above 14,000 copies of this ballad were sold, 
chiefly during the Cotton Famine.) 

Wod con a Weyver do? lb. Broadside. Also Blackburn; W. 
Millar. 

Billy Shuttle. See Millar (W.). 

Billy o' Bent's Berryin'. [By William E. A. Axon.] Anonymous. 

Bits o' Skits. [By Tom Kershaw.] Anonymous. 

Bobbin (Paul). See Butterworth (J.). 

Bobbin (Tim.). See Collier (J.). 

Bobbin the Second (Tim.). See Walker (E.). 

Bobby Shuttle. See Staton (J. T.). 

Boggart of Orton Clough. [By William E. A. Axon.] Anonymous. 

The Boggart o' Longsight. A Christmas Dialogue for Four Cha- 
racters. By the author of ' An Out at Blackpool,' ' St George and 
the Turkish Knight,' ' Blue Beard.' Manchester; J. Heywood. 8vo, 
pp.8. 

Bolton (John). 

The Ulverston Perpetual Tide Table, or an explanation of the rules 
for calculating the Moon's Age, times of high water, &c., being a 
familiar conversation between a Low Furness farmer and a townsman. 
Ulverston, S. Soulby, 1846, pp. iii. — iv., 5 — 32. 
Furness Dialect. Veri/ scarce. — J. P. M. 
Geological Fragments collected principally from Eambles among 
the Eocks of Furness and Cartmel. Ulverston, D. Atkinson, 1869. 
pp. i. — viii., 264. 

Contains several sketches in the Furness and Cumberland Dialects. — J. P.M. 

Bolton (David). 

Eeply to Heart Broken. Manchester. Broadside. 

Brathwait (E.). 

The Two Lancashire Lovers ; or the excellent History of Philocles 
and Doriclea. Expressing the faithfull constancy and mutual fidelity 
of loyall Lovers. By MusiEUS Palatinus. * ♦ London, 1640, pp. [xi.] 
268. With Engraved Frontispiece. 

In this novel there is one Master Camillus, a country clown, who woos the 



58 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

dainty heroine in a style, which we hardly recognize as the Lancashire verna- 
cular. 

Brierley (Benjamin). 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate An' Owd Dizzy. ByABHisSEL. Manchester, J oim 
Heywood, n.d. pp. 15. — J. P. M. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate at tbe Pantomines. By Ab hissel. Eeprinted from 
'Ben Brierley's Journal.' Manchester. 8vo, pp. 32. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate at Belle Vue [Gardens]. Eeprinted from *Ben 
Brierley^s Journal.' Manchester. 8vo, pp. 31. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate at Knott Mill Pair. By Ab hissel. Eeprinted from 
'Ben Brierley's Journal.' Manchester. 8vo, pp. 32. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate at the Great Show. Eeprinted from * Ben Brierley's 
Journal ' for August, 1869. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 24. 2d. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate at the Isle of Man. Prom his own goose-quill. 
Eeprinted from ' Ben Brierley's Journal.' Manchester. 8vo, pp. 39. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate in London ; or, Southern Life from a Northern 
Point of View, described in a Series of Letters from Ab to his Wife. 
Edited by Benjamin Brierley. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 127. Is. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate's Christmas Dinner. Eeprinted from Ben Brier- 
ley's New Year's Gift. Manchester : J. Heywood. 8vo. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate's Life Policy. Communicated by an Eavesdropper. 
Eeprinted from ' Ben Brierley's Journal.' Manchester. 8vo, pp. 31. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate on Times and Things. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 132. 
Is. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate's Eeform Speech, from my Grandmother's Clock 
case : a Lancashire Story. By Benjamin Brierley. Eecited by the 
author (in character) at the Theatre Eoyal. Manchester, April 7th, 
1868. Broadside. 

A Batch o' Jannocks from a Lancashire Oven. Supplementary to 
*A Bundle o' Fonts,' &c. Selected from the Works of Benjamin 
Brierley. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 71. 6d. 

Contents. — Matching for Money. — The "Waverlow Bells.— Rising in the 
World. — A ' Strike ' Adventure. — Rovin' th' Stockin'. — A Manchester Wed- 
ding. — The Little Nurse. 

The Bradleys' Visit to Thistledown Hall : a Comic Interlude, in one 
Act. Manchester. 8vo. 3d. , 

Bundle of Pents, from a Lancashire Loom. Comprising pieces, 
humourous and pathetic, adapted for reading at Working Men's 
Clubs, &c., selected from the Works of Benjamin Brierley. ♦ * Man- 
Chester. 8vo, pp. 128. Li Pour Numbers, 3d. each ; in one volume, 
boards. Is. 

Contents. — 1. The New Shirt. Jimmy the Jobber. Little Jack. Ab-o' 
th'-Yate's Speech. — 2. The Gravel Gate Flood. A Christmas Dinner. Billy 
Bumps and th' Footpad. The Hazel Clough Boggart. — 3. Poothook's Court- 
ship. Puttin' th' Axins In. Jamie Ogden and his Owd Con Dur, A Cure 
for Love. — 4. Donny at Hick's Wife's Buryin'. Death of Owd Shadow. 
Love in a Smithy. The Charity Sermon. 

* Bunk Ho ' ; or a Lancashire Merry Christmas. Manchester, 8vo, 
6d. 

Chronicles of Waverlow : Eural Sketches of Lancashire Life and 
Habits. Manchester, 11863^. 12mo, pp. 262. 1 «.; cloth, 2s. 6ci. 

Contents.— Introduction. — Trevor Hall; or, the Weaver of Window Gap. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 59 

— The Huntsman's Funeral. — A Cure for Love. — The Battle of Langley 
Heights.— The New Shirt.— Dragged Up.— The Buckhunter's Gala.— The Old 
Thatched House. 

Tlie Cobbler's Stratagem : a Farce. In One Act. By Benjamin" 
Brierley. Manchester. 8vo, pj). 31. 

Daisy Nook Sketches. By Benjamin Beierley. Manchester. 8vo, 
pp. 256. Is. ; or in red cloth, 2s. Qd. 

Contents. — A Day Out. — Our Cheap Trip. — A ' Strike ' Adventure. — The 

Gravel Gate Flood. — The Comet. — The Holidays. — Bunk Ho. — Annie 

Howard. — Old Radicals and Young Reformers. — The Bride of Cherry Tree 

Cottage. 

The Fratchingtons of Fratchingthorpe. A Course of Connubial 
Crosses or Fireside * Fraps.' Dedicated without permission to the free 
and enlightened denizens of Caudle-cum-Naggleton. ' By Benjamin 
Brierley. * ♦ Manchester. 8vo, pp. 72. 

Go tak thi Eagg'd Childer and Flit. Illustratin' t'other soide o' 
Waugh's celebrated Pictur', ' Come Whoam to thi Childer an' me.' 
By Owd Linderinbant. Manchester. Broadside. Anonymous. Id. 
Another edit, with author's name. 

Irkdale ; or the Odd House in the Hollow : a Lancashire Story. By 
Benjamin Brierley. London (Tinsley Brothers), 1865. 2 vols, 
Svo. 

Irkdale ; or the Odd House in the Hollow. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 
275. 2s. 

Journal. Published Monthly. 2d. Now published Weekly. 

The Lancashire Weaver Lad : a Domestic Drama, in three acts. 
By Benjamin Brierley. Manchester : J. Heywood. 

Adapted by the author from his story of the Layrock of Langleyside. 

Layrock of Langleyside. A Lancashire Story. Manchester, 1864, 
12mo, pp. 212. Is. 
Marlocks of Meriton. Manchester. 8 vo, pp. 131. Is. 

Contents — The Boggarts of Fairy Bridge — Matching for Money. — The 
Jacobin. — The Gallithumpians. — Christmas at Ringwood Hall. 

Th' Oddlads' Feight at th' Crystal Palace. By Ab-o'-th'-Yate. 
Manchester : J. Heywood. 8vo, pp. 16. 

Old Radicals and Young Reformers : a Sketch for the Times. Dedi- 
cated to Brightites, Derbyites, Palmerstonians, the ' Tear 'em ' Ken- 
nel, and the * Whole Hog ' Style. By the author of * A Day Out.' 
Manchester. Svo, pp. 16. Id. 

Our Old Chimney Nook : a Christmas Story. Manchester. Svo, 
pp. 64. ed. 

Red Windows Hall : a Lancashire Story. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 
144. Is. 

Tales and Sketches of Lancashire Life. With Illustrations by C. 
Potter. Manchester. 2 vols, Svo. 2s. 6d. each. 

Contents. — Vol. I : A Day Out. — A Strike Adventure. — The Comet. — 

Bunk Ho.— The Bride of Cherry Tree Cottage.— Our Cheap Trip.— The Gravel 

Gate Flood. — The Holidays. — Annie Howard. — Old Radicals and Young Re- 
formers. 
Vol. II : The New Borough ; or, the Knighthood of Sir Samson Dewdrop. 

— The Rushbearing. — The Charity Sermon.— Jone o' Fee's Courtship. — Trad- 

dlepin Fold.— Glossary. 



60 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Traddlepin Fold and Other Tales. Witli Illustrations by C. Potter. 
Manchester. 8vo, pp. 258. Is. ; or, in red cloth, 2s. Qd. 

This is Vol. II. of * Tales and Sketches, &c.', with a fresh title. 

Contents. — The New Borough ; or, the Knighthood of Sir Samson Dew- 
drop. — Rushbearing. — The Charity Sermon. — J one o' Fee's Courtship. — Trad- 
dlepin Fold. — Glossary. 

Walmsley Fowt Flood. By Ab-o'-th'-Yate. Eeprinted from 
Ben Brierley's Journal. Manchester : J. Heywood. 8vo, pp. 14. 

Beierlby (Thomas). 

The Henpecked Hushand. By T. Brierley. Broadside. 
Nonsense and Tom-foolery, and Seriousness and Solemnity. By 
Thomas Brierley. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 31. 

Contents. — Common Sense and Mammon. — Middleton Agricultural Show. ' 
— A Painful Story. — The Two Pigeon Merchants. — Give me the Friend, &c. — 
Jonathan and his "Wife. — Death of Eeuben Walstencroft. — Gossip over a 
Washing Tub.— The Last of his Race. — The Shopkeepers, Thomas and John. 
— Advice. — Whoamly Jewels. — Sammy Sapyed not such a Sapyed — The Eccen- 
tric Parson's Preface to his Sermon. — Happy Jack. — Short of Weight. — 
Cockles and Muscles alive, alive ! — Baggin Time. — I met a pretty Maid. 

Nonsense and Tom-foolery, in Prose. By Thomas Brierley. Man- 
Chester. 8vo, pp. 36. 

Stones from a Gravel Hole. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 32. Sd. 

The Silk Weaver's Fust Bearin' Whoam, and other Tales. Man,' 
Chester. 8vo. 6d. 

Briggs (John). 

The Eemains of John Briggs ; containing Letters from the Lakes, 
&c. Kirhhy Lonsdale. Arthur Foster, 1825. 

Illustrates the Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Fumess Dialects. Very 
scarce. — J. P. M. 

The Lonsdale Magazine or Provincial Eepository. Vol. i., 76., 
A. Foster, 1820, pp. 553. Vol. ii., 76., A. Foster, 1821, pp. 472. 
Vol. iii., Kendal, J. Briggs, 1822, pp. 472. 

This is an exceedingly interesting old ' Maga,' but is now very rare. I see 
from N. & Q. that it is not in the British Museum. It contains many capital 
views of northern scenery, in aquatinta ; and racy sketches illustrative of the 
Cumberland, Westmoreland, and Fumess Dialects. — J. P. M. 

Briscoe (J. P.). 

The Literature of Tim Bobbin ; being a chronologically arranged 
List of the various editions of the writings of * Tim Bobbin', with 
notes. By J. P. Briscoe, F.E.H.S., Principal Librarian of the Not- 
tingham Free Libraries, and formerly of Bolton. With a portrait of 
Tim Bobbin. Manchester [Nottingham printed], 1872. 8vo, pp. 12. 
Contains 43 entries. 

Briscoe (F. W.). 

A Fernuth Cure for Slancin ; or, an Adventur uv a Lung causey 
felley uz wur i' no Berrying Club. By TuTTY WimxE, a Femutn 
Felley. Bolton. 8vo, pp. 4. 

Broome (E.). See Heywood (Thomas), and HalliweU (J. 0.). 

Butterworth (James). 

A Sequel to the Lancashire Dialect. By Paul Bobbin, Cousin 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 61 

German of the Famous Tim Bobbin, of Merry Memory. "Witb an 

Engraving. Manchester, 1819. 8vo, pp. 46. 

Buttervvorth published amongst many other Trifles ' A Dish of Hodge Podge 
or a Collection of Poems.' By Paul Bobbin, Esq. ; of Alt, near Oldham. Man- 
chester: printed for the author, 1800. This may have some dialect matter in 
it, but as my copy, the only one I have seen, is imperfect, I cannot say with 
certainty. 

Byrom (J.). 

Miscellaneous Poems, by John Byrom, M.A., F.E.S., sometime Fel- 
low of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Inventor of the Universal 
English Shorthand. Manchester, 1173. 8vo, 2 vols. Another edition. 
Leeds, 1814. 8vo, 2 vols. With Portrait. 

The first vol. includes * A Lancashire Dialogue occasioned by a Clergyman 
preaching without Notes ' (p. 96) ; 'a dialogue occasioned by the march of the 
Highlanders into Lancashire, in the year 1745' (p. 105); 'a dialogue about 
compelling a person to take the oaths to the Government ' (p. 110). 
Carter's Struggles. [By M. E. Lahee.] Anonymous. 
A Case of Samples ; being Selections from the Works of J. T. 
Staton, Uncle Owdem [J. W. Mellor], W. E. A. Axon, Felix Folio 
[John Page], Tom Kershaw, and Jone o' Jeffrey's [S. Holt]. Man- 
chester, [1870]. 8vo, pp. 32. dd. 

Contents.— Mrs Shuttle Worsted; by J. T. Staton.— Th' Toothwertch ; 
by J. T. Staton. — A Tale Abeawt mi Uncle Jammie ; by Uncle Owdem. — 
Cheap John ; by Felix Folio. — Lecture b); Mrs Caustic; by J. T. Staton. — 
Dr Rondeau ; by W. E. A. Axon.— A Milisho Company ; by J. T. Staton — 
"William and the Robber ; by Jone o' Jeffrey's. — MaUy and the Bakehouse ; 
by Tom Kershaw, 

Charles WORTH (Joseph;. 

Ben Butterworth and Fossil Jim. Manchester. Broadside. See 
also MulHn (T.). — Thrums from the Spindle. 
Daisy Nook. Manchester. Broadside. 
Eh, dear, Mally. Manchester. Broadside. 
Ned Gagg's New Clooas. Manchester. Broadside. 
Poor Tum. Manchester. Broadside. 
Sam Shepley's Last Fuddle. Manchester. Broadside. 

Chattwood (E.). 

A Droll Lancashire Sketch ; or, Owd Dick un Owd Ailse fro th* 
Nimble Nook, Edenfielt i' ther fust Chep trip wi Jem Darron un 
George Duckoth, to Liverpool, pood on by th' beighlin steam flying 
machine. By E. Chattwood. HasUngden. 8vo, pp. 62. 

Chetham Society. 

The publications of this printing club contain many examples of 
dialect from ancient documents, &c. No doubt the Glossary Com- 
mittee will not omit to search in this mine. 

Clarke (Henry). 

The School Candidates. Utopia, 1788. 

This satirical production of Henry Clahke, LL.D., contains a short speech 
in the dialect. It was privately printed at Manchester, and is now very scarce. 
A new edition, with a memoir of the author, is in preparation. 

Collier (J.). 

A View of the Lancashire Dialect, by way of a dialogue between 



62 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Tummus o' "Williams o' Margits o' Eoaplis, and Meary o' Dicks o' 
Tummus o' Peggys. To which is added a Glossary of all the Lanca- 
shire words and phrases therein used. By T. Bobbin, Opp'n speyker 
o' th' dialect. 

Heaw arse wood wur I, eh this wark ! Glooar at monny a buk. 
Manchester : sold by E. "Whitworth, Bookseller ; and sold also by Mr 
Meadows, at the Angel in Cornhill, London ; Mr Higginson, War- 
rington ; Mr Scolfield, Eochdale ; Mr Milner, Halifax ; Wakefield 

' Leeds ; Mr Wilkinson, printer Eipponden ; and Mr William Tay- 
lor, Oldham. First Edition. Very rare. 

The supposed date is 1746, as the book is referred to in that year in tlie 
Gentleman's Magazine, vol. xvi., pp. 527-8; and in the British Magazine, 
pp. 268, 437. Mr William Harrison points out (Notes and Queries, 6th S. i. 
345) that the specimen in the Gentleman's Magazine differs from the text of 
Corry's edition. See further in Mr Thomas Hey wood's Tract. 

View of the Lancashire Dialect : by way of Dialogue, between Tum- 
mus o' William's o' Margit o' Eoaphs, and Meary o' Dicks o' Tummy 
o' Peggy's. Showing in that speech the comical adventures and misfor- 
tunes of a Lancashire Clown. By Tim Bobbin. Second Edition. 
Leeds [1746]. 12mo. Scarce. 

A view of the Lancashire dialect, with a glossary of all the Lanca- 
shire words and phrases therein used. The Fourth Edition, with an 
addition of above 500 Lancashire words. London, n. d. 8vo. Scarce. 

A View of the Lancashire Dialect ; by way of Dialogue between 
Tummus o' Williams's o' Margit o' Eoaphs, and Meary o' Dick's o' 
Tummy o' Peggy's. Showing in that Speech the Comical Adventures 
and Misfortunes of a Lancashire Clown. To which is prefixed (by 
way of Preface) a Dialogue between the Author and his Pamphlet. 
With a few Observations for the better Pronunciation of the Dialect. 
With a Glossary of all the Lancashire Words and Phrases therein 
used. By Tim Bobbin, Fellow of Sisyphian Society of Dutch Loom 
Weavers, and an old Adept at the Dialect. The Sixth Edition, ilfan- 
chester, 1757. 12mo, pp. 51 [xxxvi.]. Scarce. 

Tim Bobbin's Toy- Shop open'd ; or, his Whimsical Amusements, 
containing His View of the Lancashire Dialect, with a large Glossary, 
being the Adventures and Misfortunes of a Lancashire Clown. The 
Poem of the Black-Bii^d ; or. Whistling Ouzel. The Goose ; a Poem 
by an unknown hand, corrected by T[im] B[obbin]. A humorous but 
real codicil to a Conjuror's Will. Prickshaw Witch blown up ; or, the 
Conjuror out- conjured. Hoantung's Letter to the Empress of Eish- 
worth, alias the Q,ueen at the Booth. A Letter to T. B., Esq., being 
an Explanation of the above Letter, and a State of the Case between 
her Ladyship and the Author ; together with several other humorous 
Epistles, Epitaphs, &c., in Prose and Ehyme. Also, some original, 
Lancashire, Scotch, and other Letters, never before published. Em- 
bellished with Copper-plates, designed by [J. Collier] the Author, 
and engraved by Mr Barlow, of Bolton. Manchester. Printed and 
sold by Joseph Harrop, and by the Booksellers throughout England 
and Wales. 1763. 18mo. With three Engravings. Scarce. 

A View of the Lancashire Dialect, with a large Glossary ; being the 
Adventures of a Lancashire Clown. By Tummus a Williams, &c. 
London : Printed and Sold in Paternoster Eow, and by the Booksellers 
in Lancashire, 1770. 12mo, pp. 39, and 34 pp. of Glossary. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, containing his view 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 63 

of the Lancasliire Dialect, with large additions. . . . also, his poem 
of the Flying Dragon and the man of Heaton, together with other 
of his Whimsical Amusements. . . . Some of which never before pub- 
lished. London (? 1770). 12mo. 

Tim Bobbin's Human Passions delineated in 120 Figures, DroU, 
Satyrical, and Humourous. 1772. Folio. 

Human Passions Delineated in above 120 Figures, Droll, Satyrical, 
and Humourous. Designed in the Hogarthian Style, very useful for 
young Practitioners in Drawing. By Time. Bobbin, Author of the 
Lancashire Dialect. N.B. Gentlemen, &c., may have any Plate or 
Plates, Painted on Canvas, or Pasteboard as large as the life, from 
6s. to los. a Head by sending their Orders to the Author, near Eoch- 
dale. The plates in this Book of Heads from No. 1 to 44 are published 
as the Act directs. May, 1773, fol. 26 engraved sheets, including 
portrait and title page, with six leaves of letterpress printed on one 
side only. Scarce. 

The text consists of a preface, and verses to each picture, some of tliem in the 

dialect. In 1858 Mr John Heywood of Manchester issued a new edition 

from the original plates which had been purchased by him. There were fresh 

issues in 1860 and 1875. 

A yiew of the Lancashire Dialect, by way of Dialogue between 
Tummus o' Williams o' Margit o' Roalphs, and Meary o' Dicks o' 
Tummy o' Peggy's, containing the Adventures and Misfortunes of a 
Lancashire Clown, (the Blackbird, a poem — the Goose, a poem, &c.), 
the Battle of the Flying Dragon, and the Man of Heaton. Manches- 
ter. 1775. 12mo. 2 parts. 

Tim Bobbin's View of the Lancashire Dialect. Leeds, 1787. 8vo. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq., consisting of 
the Lancashire Dialect, with large additions and improvements ; also 
his poem of the Flying Dragon and the Man of Heaton. . . . Embel- 
lished with eleven copper plates. Manchester, 1775. Svo. 

Part 2, the battle, &c., has a separate title-page and pagination. 

This edition has five additional plates, twelve additional pages, and the glossary 

is augmented. It was published at two shillings. — J. P. L. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq Embellished 

with Ten Copper-plates. Manchester, 1793. Svo. ; 2 parts 

This is the 1775 edition with a new title-page and difi'erent plates. — J. P. B. 

A View of the Lancashire Dialect, by way of Dialogue .... 
to which are added the Flying Dragon and the man of Heaton, and 
a glossary of Lancashire words by Tim BoBBiisr. 1797. 12mo. 

Tim Bobbin's view of the Lancashire Dialect. With large ad- 
ditions and improvements ; also a glossary of Lancashire words and 
phrases. London. 1798. 12mo. 

Tim Bobbin's Miscellaneous Works, containing his view of the 
Lancashire Dialect ; Poem of the Flying Dragon, Man of Heaton, 
and other Whimsical Amusements. 1803. Post 8vo. 

This Edition is a reprint of the 1775 Edition, with a new title-page, and an 

addition of the Life by Townley. It contains a portrait of Tim Bobbin, and 

other plates. — J. P, B. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. London, J. Has- 
lingden, 1803. Sm. 8vo. 

A View of the Lancashire Dialect, by way of Dialogue, containing 



64 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

the Adventures and Misfortunes of a Lancasliire Clown, with Glos- 
sary. By Tim Bobbin. 12nio. Huddersfield, 1803. 

Tim Bobbin's Lancashire Dialect. 1805. 12mo. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. To which is added 
a Life of the Author, by Eichard Townley, Esq. Embellished with 
Ten copper plates. London, 1806. 12mo, pp. 12, 33, xiv. 200. 

With the exception of the life, this edition appears to consist of copies of the 

'View, &c.,' published by Haslingden. Manchester, Hid. 

The Passions Humourously delineated .... containing 25 plates 
with .... Poetical description, &c. By Timothy Bobbin. London^ 
1810. 

The plates were issued plain and coloured. — J. P. B. 

The Passions Humourously delineated, 1811. 4to. The copies 
with plain plates were published at 205., the coloured ones at £5. 25. Qd, 
(Watts Bib. Brit.)— J. P. B. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. Salford, Cowdroy 
& Slack, 1811. 8vo, pp. 240. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. : containing his 
view of the Lancashire Dialect, with large Additions and Improve- 
ments, also his poem of the Flying Dragon, and the Man of Heaton, 
together with other Whimsical amusements in prose and verse. To 
which is added a life of the author. Salford : printed by Cowdroy 
and Slack, No. 4 Gravel Lane, 1812. 

Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. : containing his view 
of the Lancashire Dialect, with large Additions and Improvements : 
also his Poems of the Flying Dragon and the Man of Heaton. 
Together with other Whimsical Amusements in prose and verse. To 
wluch is added a life of the author. Manchester : J. Slack, 1818. 8vo, 
pp. 226. Portrait, and 19 engravings, some dated 1811. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. : containing his 
view of Lancashire Dialect. With large Additions and Improve- 
m.ents ; and a Glossary. Also, his Poem of the Flying Dragon and the 
Man of Heaton. Together with other Whimsical Amusements in 
Prose and Verse. To which is added a Life of the Author by Eichard 
Townley, Esq. Embellished with Ten Copper-plates. London : 
T. & J. Allman, 1818. 12mo, pp. xxiii., 212. 

A View of the Lancashire Dialect. * * * * By TiM Bobbin. 
Rochdale, J, Littlewood, 1819. 12mo. 

The Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq., in prose and verse, with Me- 
moir of the Author, by John Coery. Eochdale: Westall, 1819. 
8vo, pp. xxii., 494. 

This is the best edition ; reprinted 1862. It is said that only two copies of 

1819 edition were printed on large paper. 

The Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. : containing his 
Yiew of the Lancashire Dialect, with large Additions and Improve- 
ments : also his Poem of the Flying Dragon and the Man of Heaton. 
Together with other Whimsical Amusements in Prose and Verse. To 
which is added a Life of the Author. Printed by J. Slack for T. 
Sowler. Manchester, 1820. 8vo, pp. 226. The portrait, which forms 
the frontispiece, varies from the others. The Illustrations (19) which 
are full page, were executed by J. Slack. This edition has several 
rudely executed Woodcuts for tail-pieces. Many of the plates bear the 
date 1811.— J. P. B. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 65 

Tlie Human Passions, &c. 25 Plates. Rochdale, 1820. Quarto. 

Tim Bobbin's Lancashire Dialect; and Poems. Plates by G-. 
Cruikshank. Eendered intelligible to general readers by a literal inter- 
pretation, and the obsolete words explained by quotations from the 
most early of the English authors. London, 1828. 8vo, pp. viii. 184. 
Again in 1833. 

The Lancashire Dialect ; or, Tummus and Meary, being the 
Laughable adventures of a Lancashire Clown, to which are added 
Lancashire Hob and the Quack Doctor, Pluralist and old Soldier, 
Epitaph on Tim Bobbin's Gravestone. By Tim Bobbin. Manchester, 
W. Willis, 1839. 12mo, pp. 36. Some issued with a paper cover : 
London: A. K. Newman & Co., and John Chidley. Birmingham: 
Perryman. Manchester : W. Willis, A. Heywood, and J. B. Eoger- 
son. Glasgow : W. E. Mc'Phun. 

Tim Bobbin's Lancashire Dialect ; and Poems. [By J. Collier.] 
Pp. viii. and 184. London, Hy. Washbourne, New Bridge Street, 
Blackfriars, 1845. 

A Glossary, pp. 121— 144.— W. W. S 

The Passions humourously delineated by Timothy Bobbin, Esq. 
With Poetical Descriptions. 1846. Lnp. 8vo. This edition contains 
27 coloured engravings. — J. P. B. 

The Lancashire Dialect ; or, the Adventures and Misfortunes of a 
Lancashire Clown, in a Dialogue, to which is added a Glossary by 
Tim Bobbin, Esq. Leeds, Webb and Millington, 1847. 12vo, pp. 47. 

The Dialect of South Lancashire ; or, Tim Bobbin's Tummus and 
Meary, with his rhymes, and an enlarged Glossary of Words and 
Phrases. By S. Bamtord. 2nd ed., pp. xxii and 266. London, J. E. 
Smith, 1854. 

The Glossary/ occupies pp. 153— 264.— "W. "W. S. 

Dialect of South Lancashire ; or, Tim Bobbin's Tummus and Meary, 
revised and corrected, with his rhymes, and an enlarged and amended 
Glossary. By Samuel Bamford. Manchester, 1850. 12mo, pp. xxiv. 
241. 

The Lancashire Dialect. A Dialogue between Tummus o' Wil- 
liams o' Margit o'Eoalphs, and Meary o' Dick's o' Tummy's o' Peggy's ; 
by Tim Bobbin. To which is added a rendering into simple EngHsh, 
with . . . explanatory notes, &c., by E. Eldings. Manchester [1857]. 
8vo. 

Tim Bobbin's Human Passions delineated, in above 120 Eigures, 
Droll, Satyrical, and Humourous, designed in the Hogarthian style, 
accompanied by explanations in verse. London [1858]. 44 En- 
gravings from the original plates. 

The Lancashire Dialect : a Dialogue between Tummus o' Williams's 
o' Margit o' Eoaph's, an' Meary o' Dick's o' Tummy's o' Peggy's ; by 
Tim Bobbin. To which is added a rendering into simple English, 
with the idioms and similes retained, and Explanatory Notes, &c., by 
Elijah Eidings. Manchester, [1859]. 8vo, pp. 67. With engravings 
from the original copper plates. 

Tim Bobbin's Human Passions delineated; from the Original 
Plates, with Explanatory Notes, &c. Manchester : J. Heywood, 1860. 
Demy Folio. 

The Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq., in Prose and Yerse, with a Memoir 
of the Author, by John Corry ; to which is added a rendering into 

5 



66 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

simple Englisli of tlie Dialogue of Tummus and Meary, witli the 
Idioms and Similes retained, and Explanatory Notes, &c., by EHjah 
Eidings. Manchester, J. Heywood. 8vo, pp. 534. 1862. 

The Lancashire Dialect, The Battle of the Flying Dragon and the 
Man of Heaton, The Blackbird, Lancashire Hob and the Quack 
Doctor,. Three Conceited Beauties, The School-boy and the Hungry 
Sow, etc. etc. By Tim Bobbin. Eeprinted from the Original Edition, 
and illustrated with facsimiles of the Author's own Engravings. 
Manchester, [1862]. 16mo, pp. 96. 4 engravings. 

Human Passions delineated in above 120 Figures, Droll, Satyrical, 
and Humourous, designed in the Hogarthian Style, very useful for 
young practitioners in Drawing. By Time. Bobby, Author of the 
Lancashire Dialect. Published as the Act directs, May 1773. [New 
Edition. Published by John Heywood, Manchester.] Mr Axon re- 
viewed this edition in the Academy, March 14, 1874. 

Tim Bobbin's Tales, or Thomas and Mary rendered into simple 
English; with the idioms and similes retained from the original 
vernacular of John Collier, alias Tim Bobbin, Esq. By Elijah 
Eidings. Manchester. 8vo, pp . 56. Vignette by Holding, on cover. 
Townley's memoir of Collier is prefixed. 

Tummus an' Meary Modernised ; being a rendering into the Lan- 
cashire vernacular of the present time of Tim Bobbin's famous pro- 
duction, ' The Laughable Adventures of a Lancashire Clown.' By 
Tom Kershaw. Adapted for public reading. Manchester. Svo, pp. 
32. U. 

Tim Bobbin's View of the Lancashire Dialect. Hyde (G. Booth) 
with engravings. 

The Lancashire Dialect ; containing the Adventures and Misfortunes 
of a Lancashire Clown ; a Pastoral in the Cumberland Dialect and 
several genuine pieces of Wit and Humour in the Welch, Scotch and 
Irish method of Pronouncing the English Language. London. 
12mo. 

Tim Bobbin's View, &c. Manchester, n. d. post Svo. 

Miscellaneous Works of Tim Bobbin, with additions. London, 
16mo, pp. 166. 

The Works of Tim Bobbin, including the Lancashire Dialect or 
Tummus and Meary ; the Battle of the Flying Dragon and the Man 
of Heaton ; the Blackbird ; Lancashire Hob and the Quack Doctor 
Eeprinted from the original edition and illustrated with facsimiles ol 
the Author's own Engravings. Manchester [Circa 1865]. 

Price One Penny. The Poetical Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. : 
containing the Blackbird, the Flying Dragon, the Queen at the Booth, 
Hoantung's Letter, the Three Conceited Beauties, Lancashire Hob, 
&c., and a Glossary of upwards of 2000 Lancashire phrases. Leeds 
and Manchester, n. d. Svo, pp. 32. Woodcut of Lancashire Hob. 

Price One Penny. Life and Works of Tim Bobbin, Esq. : con- 
taining the Eawther and his Buk, Tummus and Meary, Prickshaw 
Witch Blown up, &c., &c. Leeds, Svo, pp. 30. Woodcut portrait of 
Tim Bobbin. 

See also Waugh (E.). 

Collins (S.). 

Miscellaneous Poems and Songs. By Samuel Collins, the Bard 
of Hale Moss. Manchester: [1859], 12mo, pp. xii. 92. With Bio- 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 67 

grapHcal Notice signed B. B[rierley]. Some of tlie pieces are in 
the dialect. 

Country Gaby ! (Bein' tired o' whoam, &c.) Preston. Sheet 
broadside. 

Cooper (Joseph). 

The Temperance Eeciter. By Joseph Cooper. Bury, 1852. 
12mo, pp. 60. 

Some of this writer's pieces, such as ' Bodle the Bouser,' * T'other Setther- 
day neet,' ' Oh, Sally,' and others, have been very popular. Of the latter, some 
hundreds of thousands have been sold in its broadside form. 

Country Words : a North of England Magazine of Literature, Science, 
and Art. Manchester, 1866-67. 8vo, pp. 272. Nos 1—17. No more 
published. Edited by Charles Hardwick. This journal contained 
many pieces in and on the dialect, amongst which may be named six 
articles on the Jjancashire Dialect or Folk-Speech. By Jonathan 
Oldbuck [i. e. John Harland, F.S.A.]. 

Cousin Liz. [By William E. A. Axon.] Anonymous. 

Credland (W. R.). See Axon (W. E. A.). 

Cruikshank (G.). See Collier (J.). 

Cruso (Robinson, jun.). See Laycock (Samuel). 

Darrah (Charles). Lancashire Lyric. Manchester. 8vo. Id. 

Davies (Rev. John). 

The Races of Lancashire, as indicated by the local names and the 
dialect of the county. London, 1856. 8vo. Reprinted from the 
Transactions of the Philological Society. 

Now become very scarce, and has been priced 10s. in a bookseller's cata- 
logue. The Glossary occupies pp. 226 — 242. 

Dawson. Two Countrey Felleys' Visit to th' Pomona Gerdins. 
Secund Edishun. Bolton, 1853. Anonymous. 

Dean Church Ghost ! A Recitation. Manchester. Sheet Broad- 
side. 

Devil i' th' Landlord's Cellar. [By Donaldson.] Anonymous. 

Dialogue, or Bits o' Chaff betwixt the Frolicsome Folk on Manchester 
Road at Neet. Bi One ut Ejiows. Manchester, [1869]. 8vo, pp. 
15. Id. 

Dick Mouldyworp's Bringin* up, &c. [By J. A. Ferguson.] Anony- 
mous. 

Donaldson. 

All Neet in a Grave. By a Lancashire Lad. Manchester. 8vo. Id. 
pp. 13. 

A Lancashire Sketch. Clock Dressin' by some Rossendel Felleys. 
By a Lancashire Lad. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 16. \d. 

Ghost Story. By a Lancashire Lad. Manchester: J. Heywood. 
Id* 



68 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

LancasMre Sketcli. Neddy's CourtsMp and Neddy's Eival. By a 
Lancashire Lad. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 16. Id 

Learning to Sing, for Cliarity Sermons. By a LancasHre Lad. 
Manchester : J. Hey wood. 8vo, pp. 12. Id. 

Owd Jim's Opinion on th' attempt o' taxin uciful Matclies. By 
a Lancashire Lad. Manchester : J. Heywood. 8vo, pp. 8. 

Owd Jim's Visit to th' Darren Exhibishnn. By a Lancashire Lad. 
Manchester. 8vo, pp. 45. 3d. 

Owd Twist's Trip to Blackpoo' and his Eeturn wi' th' Wrang 
Likeness. By a Lancashire Lad. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 16. Id. 

Lancashire Sketch. Payin' th' Eent at Houghton Tower. By a 
Lancashire Lad. Manchester. 8vo. Id. 

'A Eossendel Beef-Neet 80 years ago.' By a Lancashire Lad. 
Manchester. John" Heywood (no date), pp. 15. — J. P. M. 

Lancashire Sketch. A Eossendel Witch. Manchester. Svo, pp. 
15. Id. 

A Lancashire sketch. A Queer Supper. By a Lancashire Lad. 
Manchester. Svo, pp. 14. Id. 

Quite Dicky Tale provin' for his wife. By a Lancashire Lad. 
Manchester : J. Heywood. 8yo, pp. 15. Id. 

Takin' th' Doctor a Subject. By a Lancashire Lad, Manchester : 
J. Heywood. Svo, pp. 16. 

'Takin' Th' New Yer in.' By a Lancashire Lad. Manchester. 
John Heywood (no date), pp. 16. — J. P. M. 

The Devil i' th' Landlord's Cellar. By a Lancashire Lad. Man- 
chester : J. Heywood. Svo, pp. 12. 

Tear Sheddin for a Twenty Pound Legacy. By a Lancashire 
Lad. Manchester: J. Heywood. Svo, pp. 16. Id. 

Lancashire Sketch. Tooth Drawin'. By a Lancashire Lad. 
Manchester. Svo, pp. 16. Id. 

Eavesdropper. See Sketches of YiUage Life. 

Eawr Polly. By Jim Steadmon Hisel'. [W. Millar.] Blachlmm. 
Broadside. 

Fashionable Wife. [By M. R. Lahbe.] Anonymous. 

Ebrguson (J. A.). 

Dick Mouldywarp's Bringing up, Courtship, an' Weddin'. By the 
author ov ' What aw seed ut th' Preston Eggsibishun.' Manchester. 
Svo. 3d Anonymous. 

Eollow 'em Whoam fowk an' see. [By Thomas Eorster Ker.] 

Anonymous. 
Ful tru un pertikler akeawnt o bwoth wat aw seed un wat aw yera 

we gooin to th' greyt Eggshibishun. Be o Eelley fro Eachde. [By 

Oliver Ormerod.] Anonymous. 

Gamwattle (Tim). See Scholes (J.). 

Gaskel's Original Comic Songs. Copyright Edition. Manchester. 
Svo, pp. 112. Contains a few pieces in the dialect. 

Gaskell (Bev. W., M.A.). Two Lectures on the Lancashire Dialect. 
By the Eev. W. Gaskell, M.A. Lond., 1854. Svo, pp. 31. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 6^ 

Gentleman's Magazine. Vocabulary of tLe Lancashire Dialect in the 

Gentleman's Magazine, Oct. 1746, pp. 527-8. 
Ghost of Owd Clock Case. [By John Scholes.] Anonymous. 
Ghost Story. [By Donaldson.] Anonymous. 
Ghost of Tim Bobbin. [By George Eichardson.] Anonymous. 
Golden Bracelet. [By William E. A. Axon.] Anonymous. 

Go tak thi Eagg'd Childer an' Flit. [By Benjamin Brierlet.] 

Anonymous. 
Go Whoam, an' Bhoyle the Yed. Manchester. Broadside. 

Gregson (J. S.). 

Museum Chethamiense ; or, a Choice Oratorical Catalogue of the rare 
and valuable Curiosities contained in the College Library, Manchester. 
Now first printed and published for the purpose of enabling pur- 
chasers to examine this truly noble collection at their leisure, and at 
the same time to put into their possession that unique rhetorical 
description which has been in use for a series of years, and which so 
greatly forwards the studies of those who visit the Beading Eoom. 
Manchester: printed and published by J. Pratt, Bridge- Street, 1827. 
8vo, pp. 4. 

This amusing tract is a faithful report of the running commentary (in broad 
Lancashire) delivered by the Chetham Hospital Elue-coat boy in showing round 
country visitors. It was written by J. S. Gregson, the bookseller, better known 
by the name under which he published two rare vols. — Geoffrey Gimcrack, 
author of the Gimcrackiana and of the Code of Common Sense. The third edition 
of the catalogue was issued without date, but in 1828 with a slightly different 
title. 

Hadfield (H. H.). 

Th' Triumph o' Pride ; or, Th' History of Jim Boardman and Alise 
Sidewell, afore un aftur theyr'n wed, i' two parts an' a bit. To which 
is added an Appendix, wi' two letters in it : One fro' Alise, written i' 
th' Warkheawse to Jim, un t'uther fro' Jim, written fro' Lancaster 
Jail to Alise. By Tummus Yellond, commonly known by th' name 
o' ' Yellond o' th' Nook ' an' th' author o' mony a score o' things 
which han nevur bin publisht, an' may be, nevur will. Manchester, 
[I860]. 8vo, pp. 30. Anonymous. 

Halliwell (J. 0., F.E.S., etc.). 

A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words, Obsolete Phrases, 

and Ancient Customs, from the Fourteenth Century. Second Edition. 

London, 1850. 8vo, 2 vols. 

Includes as specimens of the Lancashire Dialect : 1. Extract from Tim 
Bobbin. 2. A letter printed and distributed in the procession that was formed 
at Manchester in commemoration of free trade, signed Bury Muff. 3. A Lan- 
cashire Ballad (Warriken Fair). 
Palatine Anthology ; a Collection of Ancient Poems and Ballads, 

relating to Lancashire and Cheshire. Edited by James Orchard 

Halliwell, Esq., E.E.S. London, for Private Circulation only, 

1850. 4to, pp. 284. 
Palatine Garland : being a Selection of Ballads and Fragments 

Supplementary to the Palatine Anthology. London, 1850. 4to, 

pp. 104. 



70 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

The Poetry of Witclicraft illustrated by copies of the Plays on tlie 
Lancashire Witches by Heywood and Shadwell. Eeprinted under the 
direction of James 0. Halliwell, Esq., F.R.S., &c. Brixton Hill: 
printed for private circulation only. 1853. 4to, pp. 239. 

There are various editions of these plays. Thomas Shadwell's appeared 

first in 1682 ; Thomas Heywood and Richard Broome printed theirs in 1634. 

Hardwick (C). See Country Words. 
Harland (John). 

The Ballads and Songs of Lancashire, chiefly older than the 
nineteenth century. Collected, Compiled, and Edited, with notes, 
by John Harland, E.S.A. London, 1865. 8vo, pp. xyi. 281. 55., 
on toned paper, in cloth. 

Lancashire Folk-Lore : illustrative of the superstitious beliefs and 
practices, local customs and usages of the people of the County 
Palatine. Compiled and edited by John Harland, E.S.A., and 
T. T. Wilkinson, E.E.A.S. London, 1867. 8vo, pp. sii. 308. 
Contains occasional illustrations of the dialect. 

Lancashire Lyrics: Modern Songs and Ballads of the County 
Palatine. Edited by John Harland, E.S.A. London, 1866. 8vo, 
pp. xiv. 320. 

An Essay on Songs and Ballads illustrated by Examples from Shake- 
speare and those current in Lancashire. By the late John Harland, 
E.S.A., and T. T. Wllkinson, F.E.A.S. Liverpool: 1871. pp. 34. 
From the Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and 
Cheshire. 

Lancashire Legends, Traditions, Pageants, Sports, &c. With an 
appendix containing a rare tract on the Lancashire Witches, &c. &c. 
By John Harland, F.S.A., and T. T. Wilkinson, F.E.A.S., &c. 
London [Edinburgh printed] 1873. 8vo, pp. xxxv. 283. With a 
portrait of John Harland and a memoir. 

Besides many incidental illustrations of the dialect in this book, there is at 

p. 181 a collection of 'popular rhymes, proverbs, sayings, and similes.' 

Ballads and Songs of Lancashire, collected by John Harland, 
F.S.A. Second Edition. Revised and enlarged by T. T. Wilkinson, 
F.E.A.S. London : George Eoutledge and Sons, and L. C. Gent. 
1875. Price 7s. Qd. 

Harland (J.). See also under County Words. 

Harrison (J.). Leatherhead Tea. Manchester. Broadside. 

Haunted Bridge. [By William E. A. Axon and William 
EoBERT Credland.] Anonymous. 

Hawcroft (J. M.). See Heywood (A.). 
Haws (T.). 

Specimen of the Lancashire Dialect with a list of Words by Thomas 
Haws in Monthly Magazine. March 1, 1815, p. 127. 

Heywood (Abel). 

Abel Heywood's Christmas Budget. Mr Pimpchook's Party; a 
series of tales and songs for the merry season. [Edited by William 
E. A. Axon.] Manchester, [1870]. pp. 73. Contains the following 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 71 

in the dialect : The Misliaps of Eobin o' Dingle ; a romance of South- 
port Sands. [By the Editor.] Eawr Kesmus Spree. [By J. M. Haw- 
croft.] 

Abel Heywood's Christmas Budget. The Old Sparrow-hawk and 
its Christmas Guests: a series of tales and songs for the merry 
season. [Edited by William E. A. Axon.] Manchester, [1871]. 
8vo, pp. 64. 

Containing one piece in the dialect, * Heaw aw fowt th' Owd Lad.' [By 

C. H. OSLEK.] 

Hetwood (Thomas). 

The late Lancashire Witches. A well-received Comedy, lately 
acted at the Grlobe on the Banke-side by the Kings Majesties Actors. 
Written by Thomas Heywood and Eichard Broome. London, 
1634. 4to. 

See also under Halliwell (J. 0.). 

Heywood (Thomas, E.S.A.). 

On the South Lancashire Dialect, with Biographical Notices of John 
Collier, the author of Tim Bobbin. By Thomas Heywood, E.S.A. 
Printed for the Chetham Society, 1861. 4to, pp. 84. (Chetham 
Idiscellanies, vol. iii.) 

Higson (John). 

Th' Boggart o' Gorton Chapelyord. DroyUden. Broadside. 

Mr Higson wrote many articles bearing on the local dialect, proverbs and 
antiquities generally, to the Ashton and Oldham newspapers ; but as they 
have never been collected, very httle use has or can be made of them. 

Holt (S.). 

Lancashire Tales. By Jone o' Jeffrey. Manchester. 8vo. 

Contents. — No. 1 : The Pic-Nic Party to Hurst Farm, pp. 15. — No. 2: 
Jone gwoes to Chatterton Feyght, pp. 16. — No. 3 : The Adventures of Young 
"William amongst Sweethearts and Kobbers, pp. 16. — No. 4 : Jakey's Visit to 
Turton Fair, pp. 16.— No. 5 : Betty un Nancy, pp. 15. — No. 6 : Jim o' Dick's 
Shoots th' Stutfed Hare, pp. 16. 

Hornyhand. See Scholes (J.). 

How Bob Manock geet to be Cheermon o' th' Henpeck'd Club. 
[By M. E. Lahee.] Anonymous. 

HOWORTH, D. F. 

The Folk Speech of Lancashire. [Abstract of a larger paper.] 
Albion Congregational Magazine. Ashton-under-Lyne, Feb. 1872. 

HOYLE (W.). 

Hoyle's Eeciter. Fifty-four original Recitations and Dialogues, 
written expressly for Bands of Hope. By William Hoyle. Man- 
chester. 18mo. pp. 64. Several ia the Dialect. More than 50,000 copies 
have been printed of this Eeciter. 

Hunting Party. [By M. R. Lahee.] Anonymous. 

Invasion o' U'ston. [By J. P. Morris.] Anonymous. 

Jack o' Dick's Visit to th' Queen, abeawt th' hard toimes i' Lan- 
cashire. ... By Jack o' Dicks, Esq., hissel'. Rochdale (W. Clegg), 
1862. 12mo.— H. B. W. 



72 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Jack o' Dick's Yisit to th' Queen abeawt th' hard toimes i' Lan- 
cashire, wi' a full acceawnt of heaw he geet turned into a Bishop, an' 
th' koind rode hur Majesty an' th' Prince o' "Wales trated him, etc., 
etc. Manchester. 8vo. 4:d. 

James o* Peters, a Eochdale local Ballad. 

Jim Steadmon. See Millar (W.). 

JoDDRiLL (Obadiah Hezekiah Jeremiah). See Staton (J. T.). 

Jone o' Grinfilt. Broadside. 

This song has passed into innumerable editions. The following 
quotation from Samuel Bamford's Walks in South Lancashire gives 
its literary history : — ' The celebrated song of Joan 0' Grinfilt, begin- 
ning, " Sed Joan to his wife on a wot summer's day," of which, 
perhaps, more copies were sold amongst the rural population of 
Lancashire than of any other song known, has been generally ascribed 
to the pen of James Butterworth, the author of a poem called ** Eoch- 
er vale," and other productions of considerable literary merit. The 
writer of this long held the common opinion as to the origin of 
*' Joan." The song took amazingly ; it was war-time; volunteering 
was all the go then ; and he remembers standing at the bottom of 
Miller-street, in Manchester, with a cockade in his hat, and viewing 
with surprise the almost rage with which the very indifferent verses 
were purchased by a crowd which stood around a little old-fashioned 
fellow, with a withered leg, who, leaning on a crutch, with a coun- 
tenance full of quaint humoiir, and a speech of the perfect dialect of 
the county, sung the song, and collected the halfpence as quickly as 
he could distribute it. Some years ago the writer fell in with this 
same personage at Ashton-under-Lyne, and took the opportunity for 
acquiring further information respecting the origin of a song once so 
much in vogue. He accordingly invited the minstrel to a little rest 
and chat at a neighbouring tavern, where, over a pipe and a pot or 
two of ale, he learned all he wished to know on the subject, which he 
noted down in shorthand as the narrator gave it. It was a cold and 
rainy day in winter ; the door was accordingly shut, the fire stirred 
up to a warm glow ; the cripple sat basking before the fire with his 
lame leg thrown across his crutch, his other foot on the fender, when, 
after putting a quid of the tobacco into his mouth, and taking a swig 
of the ale, he went on gaily with his narrative for some minutes, 
until glancing towards the paper, and seeing uncouth figures 
multiplying upon it, he sprung on his one foot, and with a look of 
astonishment, not unmixed with concern, he exclaimed, ' ' Heigh I 
heigh ! theer, I say, wot mack o' let-ters arto settin' deawn ? Theer, 
I say, wot dusto ko those let-ters ? dusto think at nobody knows wot 
theawrt doin ? busithe, I'd hathe to know, at I know wot theawrt 
doin az weel az theaw dus thisel'. Theaw pretends to rule th' 
plannits, dusto ? busithe I con rule um az weel az theaw con, an* 
that I'll let-te know, iv theaw awses to put ony othe tricks o' me." A 
hearty laugh, a brief explanation, and, more than both, a kindly 
invitation to the drink and tobacco, soon brought the guest to his 
seat again, and to his wonted jovial humour. He then said there 
were thirteen " Joan's 0' Grinfilt " produced within a short time ; but 
the original one, that above mentioned, was composed by Joseph 
Lees, a weaver residing at Glodwick, near Oldham, and himself, 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 73 

Joseph. Coupe, wlio, at tlie time of the composition, was a barber, 
tooth- drawer, blood-letter, warper, spinner, carder, twiner, slubber, 
and rhymester, residing at Oldham. He said they were both in a 
terrible predicament, without drink, or money to procure any, after 
drinking all night. They had been at Manchester to see the play, 
and were returning to Oldham the day following, when, in order to 
raise the wind, they agreed to compose a song to be sung at certain 
public-houses on the road, where they supposed it would be likely to 
take, and procure them what they wanted, the means for prolonging 
their dissipation. A storm came on, and they sheltered under a 
hedge, and the first verse of the song was composed by him in that 
situation. Lees composed the next verso, and they continued to com- 
pose verse and verse, until the song was finished as afterwards printed ; 
but it took them three days to complete it. They then ' ' put it i' th' 
press," and, he said, '* we met habin worth mony a hunthert peawnd 
iv widdin had sense to ta' care o' th' brass." ' 

The popularity of this song has led to many imitations, as * Jone 
O'Grinfilt's Eeturn ; ' Jone O'Grinfilt's Eamble in Search o' th' Green 
Bag; Jone O'Grinfilt going to th' KushanWar; Jone O'Grinfilt's 
Visit to Mr Fielden. Specimens of these imitations are given in 
Harland's Ballads and Songs ^pp. 212 — 230). The only one of any 
merit is that of Jone O'Grinfilt, junior, sometimes called ' Th' Owdham 
Weaver ' (Aw'm a poor cotton wayver). Mrs Gaskell has printed 
this song in ' Mary Barton,' chap. iv. She remarks, * to read it, it 
may, perhaps, seem humorous ; but it is humour which is near akin 
to pathos, and to those who have seen the distress it describes it is a 
powerfully pathetic song.' 

Jone o' Jefi"rey's. See Holt (S.). 

Jones (T. E.). 

Heaw o Bobby geet dropt on wi' MoUy, th' Cook, to which is 
added three humourous pieces : Eawr Toby, JSawr Poll un Eawr Joe. 
By Tom Jones. May be had from all Booksellers, or Wholesale from 
T. E. Jones, 7 Scholes St., Yorkshire St., Oldham. 12mo. pp. 12. On 
the cover is an advertisement of the following : — " Lancashire Poems ; " 
Oudham uv a Setturday Next; Mi Gronfaythers Bible un Cheer; 
Postponed Visit to my Gronfayther ; Foot Passengers keep to t' Eight ; 
Aw hardly know wich way to turn. 

Judd o' Ike's o' Jack's. See Richardson (Geo.). 
Junior. See Mellor (J. W,). 
Kay-Shuttleworth (Sir J. P.). 

Scarsdale ; or Life on the Lancashire and Yorkshire Border, thirty 
years ago. [By Sir James Phillips Kay-Shuttleworth, Bart.] 
London, 1860. 8vo. 3 vols. 

Eibblesdale, or Lancashire Sixty Years Ago. London, 1874. 3 vols. 

Kelsall (J.). 

Can yo Tell us when Times are Beawnt Mend. Manchester. 
Broadside. 

Kennedy (Theodora). 

' Famorth : a novel. With an Illustration by the writer. Second 



74 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. ' [A. 1. 

Edition. London, Whittaker and Co. ; Ulverston, D. Atkinson, 
1871.' Several characters in this work speak in the Purness Dialect, 
pp. 1—408.— J. P. M. 

Ker (T. F.). 

Poller 'm Whoam, Poak, un see. By T. PoRSTEB, Kee. Manchester, 
J. Heywood. Printed in green ink. 

Kershaw (Jacob). 

Thoose Days that are gone. By Jacob Kershaw. Broadside. In 
the same form he has issued, Lost on the Moor ; My Payther un th' 
Popshop ; Owd Scrap's Woife un th' Bumbailies ; Mi Mother's Grave ; 
Th' Village Parson ; Eawr Jack's Weddin, and probably others. 

Kershaw (Tom). 

Bits o' Ehyme. No. 1 : Th' Owd Chap and his Betty.— No. 2 : 

Isaac an' Jenny. — No. 3 : Joey Green. Manchester. 8vo. Id. each. 
Bits o' Skits i' th' Lancashire Dialect. Manchester. 8vo. \d. 

each. 

Contents. — No. 1 : Fawse Jimmy an' th' Cattle Plague ; or, a Biter 
Bitten. A Tale of the Times.— No, 2 : Th' Knocker Up, an' Th' Moonleet 
Flittin'. — No. 3 : Sam o' Nathan's an' Th' Shampooer. — No. 4 : Jack o' 
Ned's Furst Week i' Manchester, together wi* a bit of his History previous to 
that time. — No. 5 : The Greyt Pot Oon ; a Tale of Gunpeawder Plot. — No. 6 : 
Bobby Bareyed an' Th' Photographic Chap ; a Carter's * Carte.' — No. 7 : 
Jackass Joe's Candidature for Parliamentary Honours, pp. 16. — No. 8 : 
Singin' Will an' th' Fire at th' Owd Factory, pp. 16. 

The first six of the above may be had stitched in wrapper, price Sixpence. 

See also Collier (J.). 
Lahee (M. R). 

Betty o' Yep's Laughable Tale of Jinny Cropper at th' Halton Feast. 

A notice of this remarkable and laughable incident will be found in 

the Manchester Mercury, of September 10th, 1782, now in the Chetham. 

Library. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 30. Zd. Anonymous. 

The paragraph referred to on the title-page is as follows : — * Sunday being 
Halton feast, the daughter of a Sandman at Moortown, near Leeds, came to 
see a friend in March Lane, and ate a half-peck loaf made into sops, at dinner, 
seven pounds of beef and a large apple-pie, and drank a gallon of ale. At tea 
she was quite moderate, only drinking ten cupfuls and eating four muflSns ; and 
at supper her stomack seemed to fail her, as she only ate three-quarters of a 
leg of mutton, and drank two quarts of beer, but was seemingly in good 
spirits.* 

Esther Brella's Diwy an' what hoo did wi' it. [By M. E. Lahee.] 
Manchester, John Heywood (no date), pp. 31. — J. P. M. 

The Carter's Struggles ; showing how Jone o' Jeffrey's Wortched 
to bring up his Pamily Gradely. By M. E. L., author of ' Neddy 
Pitton,' ' The Pashionable Wife,' etc. Manchester. Svo, pp. 77. Qd. 
Anonymous. 

The Pashionable Wife : a Dramatic Sketch for the Times. By the 
author of 'Neddy Pitton,' &c., &c. Manchester. Svo, pp. 15. \d. 
Anonymous. 

How Bob Manock geet to be Cheermon o' th' Henpeck'd Club. 
With Eules and Eegulations. By a Member. Manchester, 8vo, pp. 
8. Id. Anonymous. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 75 

The Hunting Party : or, Owd Jemmy Wrigley's Story about th' 
fust Sir Eobert Peel, showin' heaw by bis help a bond loom weyrer 
coom to be a factory maister. A fine and entertaining sketch of Lan- 
cashire Life. By the author of Owd Neddy Fitton's visit to th' Earl 
o' Derby; Jone o' Jefirey's, or the Carter's Struggles, &c., &c. 
Bury, 1863. 8vo, pp. 40. Anonymous. 

Owd Yem un his Five Daughters ; or, Heaw to get rid of an Un- 
welcom Lover : a True Lancashire Sketch. By M. R. L. Manchester, 
Svo, pp. 32. 3^. Anonymous. 

The Sporting Party : and Owd Neddy Fitton's Visit to th' Earl o' 
Derby ; a true Lancashire Sketch. By M. R. L. Bury. Svo, pp. 
44. Qd. in wrapper. Anonymous. 
This has run through 21 editions. 

Tim Bobbin's Adventure with the Irishman ; or. Raising the Dead 
by the Art of Freemasonry : a Lancashire Tale. By M. R. L. Man- 
chester, 1860. 8vo, pp. 55. Anonymous. 
^Another edition. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 32. 

Lancashire Glossary ; 15th cent. 1 leaf. See Lansdowne MS. 560, 
fol. 45, no. 47 ; in the British Museum. — H. B. W. 

Lancashire Lad. See Donaldson. 

Lancashire Lad. See Whittaker (J.). 

Latham (R. G.). 

On the Language of Lancashire, under the Romans. By R. G. 
Latham, M.A., M.D., F.R.S. Read 8th January, 1857. Transac- 
tions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 9th Session, 
p. L 

Laycock (Samuel). 

Election of M.P. for the Borough of Tweedledom consisting of 
several acts in one scene. By Robinson Cruso, jun., Esq. Edited by 
Samuel Laycock. Manchester [Blackpool printed], pp. 8. 

Heaw Billy Armitage managed to get a neet's lodgin's. Ashton- 
under-Lyne. Svo, pp. 8. Id. 

• ^Another edition. BlacJcpool. pp. 8. 

Lancashire Kesmus Singin' Fifty Yer Sin. AsMon-under-Lyne. 
Svo, pp. 8. Id. 

' ^Another edition. BlacJcpool. pp. 8. 

Lancashire Rhymes ; or, homely pictures of the people. London, 
Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. : Manchester, J. Heywood, n. d. Foolscap 
8vo, pp. 8 and 120. 

There is a short Glossary at pp. 115 — 120. 

Lancashire Songs. By Samuel Laycock. Manchester. Svo, 
pp. 77. 

Lancashire Songs: Broadsides, printed at Hyde, Blackpool, and 
Fleetwood. Many are without imprint. No. 1. Th' Village Pedlar. 2. 
Foot Passengers Keep to the Right. 3. A Little Bit o' Boath Sides. 4. 
Prayin' Jemmy. 5. Mally an' Jonas. 6. Th' Courtin' Neet. 7. Owd 
Fogey. 8. Thee an' Me. 9. Eawr Jim. 10. Welcome Bonny Brid. 
11. My Gronfeyther. 12. Owd Isaac Bradshaw. 13. Bowton's Yard. 
14. Quality Row. 15. Th' Quack Doctor. 16. A Respectable Mon. 17. 
Oh ! this Boa 18. BiUy Fatcake an' th' Woife's visit to Belle Vue. 



76 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

19. What's Tip wi' thee, Turn ? 20. Dear Old England, Good Bye. 
21. Heaw to Kaise th' Woind. 22. John Booth an' th' Vicar. 23. 
Jooa an' Ailse — A Yawshire Tale. 24. A Peep at Daisy Nook. 25. 
Changes sin' aw wnr a Lad. 26. Cheer up, Toilin' Brothers. 27. 
Uncle Dick's Advoice to Sengle Women. 28. Uncle Dick's Advoice 
to Wed Women. 29. Uncle Dick's Advoice to Sengle Men. 30. Uncle 
Dick's Advoice to Wed Men. 31. Ode to the Sun. 32. Feight Fair. 

, 33. Cure for th' Toothwarch. 34. Trip to Grimsby. 35. Owd Play- 
mates. 36. Jack o' th' Nook an' th' Lan'lord. 37. George : a Eap 
at Lads stonding at Street Corners. 38. Missis Grundy. 39. Joe 

. Turtledove's Visit to Blackpool. 40. Tommy o' Dan's. 41. Help 
Yoresel's Lads. 42. The Mechanic's o' Setturday Neet. 43. An Ode 
to th' Ocean. Id. each. 

A Wholesale Kessunin' Dooment at Torrington. By Samuel Lay- 
cock. Blackpool. Svo, pp. 8. 

Learning to sing for Charity Sermons. [By Donaldson] Anony- 
mous. 

Leatherhead Tea. [By J. Harrison.] Manchester. Broadside. 

Lebby Beck Dobby. [By J. P. Morris.] Anonymous. 

Lines t' th' Memory o' Owd Johnny Young Oglon ! Blackburn : W, 
Millar. Broadside. 

L. (M. E.). See Lahee (M. E.) 

Longworth (D.). 

The Visit of Mr and Mrs Jeremiah Grubb and family to Blackpool ; 
their adventures and misadventures. By D. Longworth. 4th ed. 
Preston. Svo, pp. 38. 3d. 

Manchester Guardian. 

At the commencement of 1874 this newspaper began a department 
of Local Notes and Queries, in which many points relating to the 
dialect have been discussed and elucidated, the contributors including 
the Eev. John Davies, the Eev. W. W. Skeat, the late T. T. Wilkin- 
son and many others. 

Meadows (T.). 

Ashbumer's New Vocal and Poetic Eepository : a collection of 
favourite Songs and poetic fugitive pieces, selected for their merit or 
whimsicality, and not included in the Thespian Gleanings (with many 
originals) by Queery Queerum, Esq., A.S.S., Confidential Secretary 
to the Lord Chief Justice Joker. Ulverston, printed by George Ash- 
burner, 1807. 12mo., pp. 216. This selection, compiled by T. Mea- 
dows, the Comedian, contains at p. 201 ' Mon at Mester Grundy's.' 

Matty Hickleton's Dream ; Comic Eecitation in the Lanky Dialect. 
Blackburn: W. Millar. Broadside. 

Mellor (J. W.). 

AVll ne'er be Fuddled ogen. By Junior. Manchester. Broad- 
side. 
Little Dick. By Junior. Denton : W. H. Ejiowles. Broadside. 
The Load fro' ofi" mi Mind is Ta'en. By Junior. Manchester, 
■ Broadside. Anonjonous. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 77 

Poems in the LancasLire Dialect, by tlie Author of Uncle Owdem. 
Manchester, 1865. 12mo, pp. 34. Anonymous. 

Contents. — Eawr Ralph. — Thea'rt Come Whoara Fuddled Again. — Aw' 11 
Never be Fuddled again. — Love Thowts. — Eawr Jack. — Little Dick. — Thea'rt 
Sixty Year Owd To- Day. — Matty, Lass, — Ther's Summut at Troubles mi 
Mind. — The Load from off mi Mind is Ta'en. — Owd Times. — Yo' Women.— 
A Hard Schoo. — A Happy New Year to Yo o'. 

Stories and Rhymes : a Book for the Fireside. By the author of 
Uncle Owdem's Tales, Poems in the Lancashire Dialect, &c. Man- 
chester [1869]. 8vo, pp. 123. 

Contents. — Christmas and the New Year. — The Bellringer of Featherstone. 
— A Christmas Song. — Winter. — The Captain's Thrush. — That Christmas 
Party. — Uncle Pewter's Musings, and a Leaf from his Life. — Little Robin. — 
The Dance. — Black Heads of Hair and Light Ones ; or Letting in the New 
Year. — Snow. — A Night Ride. — A Happy New Year. 
Contains scarcely any matter in the Lancashire Dialect. 

Uncle Owdem's Tales in the Lancashire Dialect. Manchester ^ 1865. 
Svo, pp. 33. 

Contents. — A Queer Sooart ov a Boggart. — Bobby Hewart. — Sam's Ad- 
venture wi' Peg o' Lanthern. — My Uncle Jammie. — A Tale of a Brunfoire. — 
Skinny Dick. 

^Another edition. 1867. 8vo, pp. 32. 

Millar (W.). 

Owd Mally an' John o'er a Kessmus Goose. By Billy Shuttle 
[Wm. Millar]. Blackburn: "W.MiRax. Broadside. 

Morris (J. P.). 

A Glossary of the Words and Phrases of Pumess (North Lan- 
cashire). With illustrative Quotations, principally from the Old 
Northern Writers. By J. P. Morris, P.A.S.L., Corr. Mem. Anth. 
Soc. of Paris. London and Carlisle, 1869. 8vo, pp. xvi. 114. 

T' Invasion o' U'ston. A Sketch in the Purness Dialect. [By J. P. 
Morris.] Carlisle, 1867. Svo, pp. 7. 

T' Lebby Beck Dobby. A Sketch in the Purness Dialect. [By J. P. 
Morris.] Carlisle, 1867. 8vo, pp. 8. Anonymous. 

' A North Lancashire Song.' ' Notes and Queries.' 4th S. vii. 428 
(May 20th, 1871).— J. P. M. ^ 

The North Lonsdale Magazine and Lake District Miscellany; a 
monthly serial of past and current local literature and news. 
Conducted by J. P. Morris, F.A.S.L. Demy 8vo. Ulverston, 
1866, «&;c. 

In Sixpenny parts of 32 pp. ; Vol. I contains 8 parts, July, 1866 — Feb. 

1867. 
It contains some pieces in the Furness and Cumberland dialects. — J. P. M. 

T* Siege o' Brou'ton. A Sketch in the Purness Dialect. By a 
Native [J. P. Morris]. Carlisle, 1867. 8vo, pp. 7. 

M. E. L. jSee Lahee (M. R.). 

Mullins (Thos.). 

Colleen's Warning : a Lancashire Song. Manchester. Id. 
Good Bye to Owdham Teawn : a Lancashire Song. By Th0MA3 
Mullins. Manchester. Broadside. Id. 



78 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Johnny of the Brook : a Eural Story of Lancashire Life. Man- 
chester. 8vo. 3d!. 

Th' Owd Lone: a Lancashire Song. Manchester. Id. Broad- 
side. 

Thrums from the Spindle. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 32. Sd. 

Contents. — Rimner's Smithy. — The Poacher of Styperson. — A May Morn- 
ing's Ramble in Boggart Hole Clough. — Ben Butterworth an' FossilJim; or, 
Heaw to Live Contented. By J. Charlesworth. 

NiMMO (JaPHEt). 

Ehymes for the Times: By Japhet Nimmo, Esq., M.N.S. [pseud- 
onym?]. Manchester: A. Heywood, 1852. 8vo. pp. 24. Contains an. 
** Anti-knrn-law sung" to the tune of Tinker's Gardens. 

KODAL (J. H.). 

Transactions of the Manchester Literary Club. The Dialect and 
Archaisms of Lancashire : being the first report of the Glossary Com- 
mittee of the Manchester Literary Club. By J. H. NoDAL. Man- 
chester : 1873. 8vo, pp. 24. 

See also under Sphinx. 

Notes and Queries. 

This periodical has from time to time contained articles on Lancaslur© 
words, ballads, &c. 

Oldham Recruit (When I're a young lad, &c.). Manchester. Street 
broadside. 

OsLER (C. H.). See Heywood. 
Ormerod (0.). 

Ful, tru, un pertikler okeawnt o bwoth wat aw seed un wat aw 
yerd, we gooin too the Greyt Eggshibishun, e Lundun, Un o greyt 
deyle o Hinfurmashun besoide, wele kalkilated fur to giv thoose foke 
gradely hinseet into things, as hassent ad nathur Toime nor brass fur 
to goo un see fur thersels ; kontaining loikewoise o Dikshunary 
manefakturt fare o purpus for thoose as ur noan fur larnt. Be 
O Felley fro Eachde. fur Sixpunze. Furst Edishun. Bachde, 1851. 
8vo, pp. 60. 

O ful, tru, un pertikler okeawnt o bwoth wat aw seed un wat aw 
yerd we gooin' to th' Greyt Eggshibishun o Lundun, . . kontaining 
loikewoise o Dikshunayre manefakturt fare o purpus fur thoose us 
ur noan fur larn't be Felley fro Eachde. Thurd edishun. Bachde 
(Wrigley un Son), 1856. 12mo, pp. 87. With illustrations by F. J. 
Shields. 

O Full true un pertikler okeawnt o wat me un maw mistris seede 
un yerd wi gooin to th' Greyte Eggshibishun e' Lundun e' eyghtene 
hundurth un sixty two, printed oer agen fro th' Eachde Observer 
oppokeawnt o so monny foke axin for it, 'lustrayted wi' o rooke o 
prattypikters; containing loikewoise o Dikshunajrry, sameloike as aw 
gan yo e' me tuther buke, nobbut raythur iv oather bigger yo knone, 
be O Felley Fro Eachde. Bachde, 1864. 8vo, pp. viii. 108. The 
illustrations by F. Holding. 

Oldbuck (Jonathan), a pseudonym of John Harland. See under 
Country Words. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 79 

Owdeiu (Uncle). See Mellor (J. W.;. 

Owd Jim's Opinion, &c. [By Donaldson] Anonymous. 

Owd Linderinbant. See Brierley (B.). 

Owd Twist's Trip to Blackpool [By Donaldson] Anonymous. 

Owdham Streets at dinner Time. (In Owdham Streets at dinner 
time.) Manchester. Street broadside. 

Owd Mally and John, or the Kesmass Goose. By Billy Shuttle. 
[W. Millar.] Manchester. Broadside. \d. 

Owd Ned's a rare Strong Chap. (When I liv'd a whoam, &c.) 
[Manchester. Street broadside.] The author is unknown, the song 
has been constantly reprinted since about 1797. 

Owd Wisdom. See Staton (J. T.). 

Owd Yem un his Five Daughters. [By M. E. Lahee.] Anony- 
mous. 

Parr (R.). 

Shaving done here on the shortest notice versus Yeds wi' summut 
in um: a Comic Sketch. By Ralph Parr. Manchester. 8vo, 
pp. 15. 

Paul Bobbin. See Butterworth (J.). 

Peacock (R. B.). 

A Glossary of the dialect of the hundred of Lonsdale, co. Lancaster. 
Together with an Essay on the dialects of the Six Northern Counties 
of England. By the late R. B. Peacock; ed. by the Rev. J. 0. 
Atkinson. 8vo, pp. i — viii, 1 — 95, and 1 — 32. [In the transactions 
of the London Philological Society.] London, Asher and Co., 
1869. 

Phizackerley (J.). 

The Song of Solomon in the North Lancashire Dialect, as spoken 
North of the Wyre. By James Phizackerley. 16mo. 1860. 
Only 250 copies printed, for H. H. Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte. 
Picton (J. a.). 

South Lancashire Dialect. By J. A. Picton, F.S.A., Fellow of the 
Philological Society. Extracted by permission from the Transactions 
of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Liverpool. Liverpool: 
Printed for Private Circulation. 1865. 8vo. 

Poems in the Lancashire Dialect. [By J. W. Mellor.] Anony- 
mous. 

Precursor. See Roberts (Mary). 
Procter (R. W.). 

The Barber's Shop. By Richard Wright Procter. With Illus- 
trations by William Morton. '* Trifles light as (h)air." — Shakespeare. 
Manchester : Thomas Dinham & Co. ; London : sold by Simpkin, 
Marshall, & Co., 1856. 8vo., pp. vii., 128. 

Gems of Thought and Flowers of Fancy. Edited by Richard 



80 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Wright Procteu. London [Stokesley printed], 1855. 8vo, pp. xv. 
428. With Frontispiece. 

Contains a great number of poems by Lancashire authors. They are indi- 
cated by an asterisk in the index, and include a few pieces in the dialect. 

Prologue Spoken on the Evening of Wednesday, January 23rd, 

1856. By the Astonishing Johnny Newcome. 4to. 2 leaves. 
Queer Supper. [By Donaldson] Anonymous. 
Queery Queerum, A.S.S. See Meadows (T.). 
Quite Dickey Tale provin. [By Donaldson] Anonymous. 

Eambles in Owdham, and peep into the Workshops (When Pd 
finisht my work, last Saturday at neet). Manchester. Street broad- 
side. 

Eamsbottom (J.). 

Phases of Distress : Lancashire Ehymes. Edited by a Lancashire 
Lad (John Whittaker). Manchester, 1864. 12mo, pp. 105. Is. 
Contents. — Preface. — Proem. — The Factory Lass. — The Pleasures o' 
"Whoam. — Eawt o' Wark. — Philip Clough's Tale. — Good News. — Afther 
Thowt.— The Wife's Advice.— Takin' Stock.— Th' Owd Pedlar.— Preawd 
Turn's Prayer. — A Letter o' Thanks. — Frettin'. — Comfortin'. — Gooin' t' Schoo'. 
— Feighrside Chat. Lancashire Emigrants. — I. Farewell. — II. The Mother's 
Dream. 

Eawcliffe (R.). 

Cherley Shepsterd ; or the Mon as couldn'd ged Wed ! ! Blackburn : 
W. Millar. Broadside. 

/ Owd Blackin' BiU. By E. Eawcllete. Blackburn: W. Millar. 
Broadside. 

Eaychel, put thi bonnet on. Manchester. Street broadside. 
Eichardson (George). 

The Ghost of Tim Bobbin. A Tale in Ehyme for Christmas Time. 
By Judd o' Ike's o' Jack's. [George Eichardson.] Manchester, 
1850. 8vo, pp. 16. Is. 

This is an attack on Bamford's * Tim Bobbin fettlet an' made greadly.' It 
contains also Tim Bobbin's Grave, by Samuel Bamfokd ; Sequel to Tim 
Bobbin's Grave by H. 0. Shaw; Ale versus Physic by Elijah Eidinqs; 
Th' Bailies, a true Lancashire Story, by John Bolton Eogeeson 

Eidings (Elijah). 

The Lancashire Muse; containing humourous specimens of the 
Lancashire Dialect. By Elijah Eidings, Author of the 'Village 
Muse,' etc., and other Writers. Manchester, pp. 32. Contents: — 
Tim Bobbin's Prologue, by J. Collier. Newton Heath Ehymes, by 
E. Eidings. Ale versus Physic, by Ditto. Tim Bobbin Grave, by S. 
Bamford. Dr Pegg's Advice, by E. Eidings. Hopper hop't eawt, 
and limper limp't in, by Ditto. Sequel to Tim Bobbin Grave, by H. 
O. Shaw. Jones' Eamble to Karsy moor Eaces, by M. Wilson. 
Johnny Green's description of Tinkers' Gardens, by A. Wilson. 
Johnny Green's Wedding, by Ditto. Th' Bailies, by J. B. EoGERSON. 
Epitaph on Alexander Wilson, by E. Eidings. Epitaph for a Eural 
Cemetery, by Ditto. 

The Tillage Eestival, and other Poems. Manchester, 1848. 18mo. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 81 

At p. 65 will be found * Humorous Specimens of tlie Lancashiro 
Dialect,' by Messes Eidings, Bamford, and Shaw. 
See also Collier (J.), and Eichardson (G.). 

Egberts (Mary). 

The Precursor, devoted to tbe establishment of a Phonetic Ortho- 
graphy. Conducted by Isaac Pitman, Bath. London : F. Pitman. 
A lithographed periodical. 

The volume for 1853 contains an essay, extending from pages 129 to 154, 
on the Lancashire Dialect, by Miss Mary Roberts, of Chorley, who emi- 
grated to Massachusetts in the autumn of 1852. A Glossary is given of about 
320 * Ancient Lancashire words, now obsolete except in the most rural dis- 
tricts.' Many of these are, however, still in common use. The essay is writ- 
ten in phonotypic characters. — J. H. N. 

Eogerson (John Bolton). Th' Bailies. Manchester. Broadside. 
See under Eichardson (Geo.) and Eidings (Elijah). 

Sam Sondknocker. See Scholes (J.). 

Scarsdale. , [By Sir James Phillips Kay-Shuttleworth, Bart.] 
Anonymous. See Kay-Shuttleworth. 

Scholes (J.). 

Abrum OTlups' Quorting and Weddin', at Smobridge. Written Bi 
Ab. Hissel. Mafichester [1862]. 8vo, pp. 15. Id. Anonymous. 

Aw connut dry my heen, Eobin. A Poem. Manchester. Broad- 
side. 

Th' Ghost of Owd Clock Case, a Humorous Fireside Story. By the 
Author of Abrum O'Plups Quortin' and Weddin'. Manchester. Svo, 
pp. 52. 4:d. Anonymous. 

Hornyhand's Lancashire Idyls. No. 1. Awst nare Turn my Back 
on a Friend. Manchester. Broadside, 

The Lancashire Witch. Manchester. Broadside. 

Sam Sondknocker' s Eide fra Smobridg to Manchistur, iz Yisit to 
Manchistur Mekaniks' Hinstitushon Sho, wi' a full okeawnt o' what 
hee seed, un wheer hee went, wi' o' his adventures. By Sam iz sel. 
Fifth Edition. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 24. 2d. Anonymous. » 

Tim Gamwattle's Jawnt e Ab-o'-Dick's o' th' Doldrum's Waggin, 
wi' a whul Waggin full o' Foak fro' Smobridg to Manchestur o' seeint 
Queene, wi' just a wap at th' Eggshibishun : o gradely funny teyle 
fur a winter foyar soide. Manchester [1857]. Svo, pp. 61, Anony- 
mous. 

School Candidates. [By Henry Clarke, LL.D.] Anonymous. 

Sequel to the Lancashire Dialect. [By J. Butterworth.] Anony- 
mous. 

Shad WELL (T.). 

The Works of Thomas Shad well, Esq. London, 1720. 12mo, 
4 vols. VoL 3 contains The Lancashire Witches and Tegue O Divelly 
the Irish Priest, a Comedy. See also under Halliwell (J. 0.). 

Shaw (H. 0.). See under Eichardson (Geo.) and Eidings (Elijah). 

Sheep Eocking; or, Tup Brig. [Bi o EattenstaU Chap.] Man- 
chester. Svo, pp. 8. In verse. 



82 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Shuttle (Billy). See Millar (Wm.). 

Shuttle (Bobby). See Staton (J. T.). 

Siege o' Brou'ton. [By J. P. Morris.] Anonymous. 

Sketches of Village Life. By ' Eavesdropper.' Lancaster j E. & J. L. 
Milner, 1869; pp. yi. and 112. 

Contents. 

1. How smart Lasses mak' dirty wives. 

2. An Extravagant Wife. 

3. On Fortun' tellin'. 

4. Chooakin' t' best Cow ; or watterin t' milk. 

5. On t' troubles of an auld bachelor. 

6. A bachelor's Coortship, an how it ended. 

7. T' Puseyite parson and Auld Nelly Eussell. 

8. Auld Reubin and his rich Neffee. 

9. T' Village beauties an their Critics, 
10. The Deceitful Lover. 

11.. An honest tradesman in trouble. 

12. T' Methody class Meetin'. 

13. Family squabbles ; or, how quarrels begin. 

14. The Priest in th6 chamber of Death. 
16. The ViUage clit-clats. 

16. Wooden legs an Wooden heeads. 

17. The Drunkard's Dying Child. 

18. What's t' Chap at writes t' Sketches.— J. P. M. 

Solomon. 

The Song of Solomon in the Lancashire Dialect as spoken at Bolton ; 
from the Authorized English Version. Translated for Prince Louis 
Lucien Bonaparte by James Taylor Staton, 1859. 12mo, pp. 16. 

The Song of Solomon in the North Lancashire Dialect, as spoken 
North of the Wyre. By James Phizackerley, 1860. 12mo. Only 
250 copies printed for H. H. Prince Lucien Bonaparte. 

SONDKNOCKER (SaM.). See SCHOLES (J.). 

Spenser (Edmund). 

Mr T. T. Wilkinson has written a paper to show that the dialect 
of Spenser's Shepherd's Calender is that of East Lancashire. 

Sphinx, a Journal of Literature, Criticism, and Humour. [Edited 
by J. H. Nodal.] Eour volumes, quarto. Manchester, 1868 — 71. 

Vol. I. contains in the dialect, a poem * T' Little Brid.' [By Robert Pol- 
litt], and five sketches by Edwin Waugh, under the title of ' Voices in the 
Street,' namely, Owd Buzzart, Bottling a Voter, a Striking Occurrence, the 
Swallowed Sixpence, and the Wimberry Cake. Vols. III. and IV. contain, 
in the dialect, a series of characteristic Lancashire anecdotes, by Edwin 
Waugh, under the title of * Sancho's Wallet.' Only a few of these pieces 
have been republished in a separate form. — J. H. N. 

Sporting Party. [By M. R. Lahee.] Anonymous. 

Standing (James). 

Echoes from a Lancashire Yale. In prose and verse. By JameS 
Standing (of Todmorden). Manchester. 8vo. Threepence. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 83 

Staton (J, T.). 

Aynuck o Ned's un liis pratty dowter SaUy or Ambishun un its 
reward ... be th' editor of Bobby Shuttle. Manchester (J. Hey- 
WOOd). 12mo. 

Tbe Bachelor's Wants: a Comic Bagatelle. By J. T. Staton. 
Fifth edition. Manchester [1862]. 8vo, pp. 15. Id. 

Bobby Shuttle un his woife Sayroh at th' Grand Eeview in Yetton 
Park, on Setturday, July 27, 1872. By J. T. Staton. Manchester : 
J. Heywood. 3d. 

Bobby Shuttle and his Woife Sayroh's Visit to th' Darrun Eggshi- 
bishun: descroibin' wot they seed, wot they yerd, UR wot they 
enkeawntert. By J. T. Staton. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 48. 

Bobby Shuttle un his Woife Sayroh's Yisit to Manchester un to th' 
Greight Hert Treasures Eggshibishun at Owd Traffort. Written for 
Bobby hissel', by th' Hedditur o' th' * Bowton Loominary.' [James 
Taylor Staton.] Manchester [1857]. 8vo, pp. 83. ed. 

Bobby Shuttle un his Woife,Sayroh's Visit to th' Mechanics' Insti- 
tushun Eggshibishun at Bowtun. Manchester. 8vo. 6d. 

The Bowtun Luminary un Turn Fowt Telegraph, 

The Bowtun Luminary, Tumfowt Telegraph un Lankishire Lookin*- 
Glass. 

The Bowtun Loominary ... 13 vols, 8vo. and 4to. Bolton, 
1852-61. 

Edited by J. T. Staton. After an interval of suspension it was resumed 
as : — 

The Lankishire Loominary un Wickly Lookin'- Glass. Edited by 
J. T. Staton. Manchester, 1863—65. 2 vols, 8vo. 

Fitting Him for Society: an Original Comic Bagatelle. Man~ 
Chester. 8vo, pp. 16. Id. 

Helps to Amusements : a Series of Original Eecitations, Dialogues, 
and Sketches. Manchester. 8vo. 3d. 

Contents. — To Wed, or not to "Wed : a Recitation.— Poor Ruchat-o' -Ben's 

Complaint : a Recitation. — Getting on in the World : a Dialogue. — Advice 

Gratis : a Comic Sketch. 

The Husband's Tea Party : a Comic Sketch. By J. T. Staton. 
Manchester, 1861. 8vo, pp. 16. 

Jimmy Troddles' Social Fender. A round of fireside stories, suited 
to any season, told by old-fashioned people. Contents : A Street-yate 
Berryin an Heaw it Ended ; A Prestolee Kestunin ; Billy Duckshaw's 
First Baby ; The Swinton Ghost ; A Kersley Oooartin Adventur. By 
J. T. Staton. Manchester: John Heywood, 141, 143, Deansgate; 
London : Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. 

Kestor and Betty ; or, the Adventures and Mischaonces of a 
Yewood Felley i' th' course uv a hunt after some goose eggs for a lad 
uz wer afflicted wi' th' pappilarities. By James T. Staton, Editor of 
the Lancashire Loominary. Manchester [1865]. 8vo, pp. 16. Id. 

Staton's Lancashire Laugha and Fireside Physic. Manchester, 
Svo. ed. 

Contents. — No. 1 : My Gronny's Lanterun. — No. 2 : The Politics of Owd 

Zebulun Fiddeemus. — No. 3 : Plain Cookery for a Workin' Mon. — No. 4 : 

Cure for th' Toothwertch.— No. 6 : Mally Bobshaw's Gruel.— No. 6 : Heu 

Dick's Weddin' ; and other Sketches. 



84 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Love versus Money ; or, Wliere there's a "Will there's a Way : a 
Comic Bagatelle. By J. T. Staton. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 16. Id. 
Man and Wife ; or, Who shall be Master : a Dialogue. Man- 
chester. 8vo. \d. 

Th' Milisho Pappurs uv Obadiah Hezekiah Jeremiah Joddrill, a fuU 
private in Her Majesty's Thard Lankishire Milisho, commonly cawed 
French Freetuners ; bein a Batch o Letters to his Cuzzdn Joe at 
Femuth. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 80. Qd. 

Missis Caustic's Hearthstone Lectures, with Original Notes, by Job, 
hur husband. By J. T. Staton. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 63. Qd. 

The Old Family Clock, and the Black-Eared Pig : a case at Nisi 
Prius! O'Brallaghan versus McDawdle. Manchester. By James 
Taylor Staton. 8vo, pp. 24. 3cZ. 

Owd Wisdom's Lankishire Awmmack for th' Yer 1860. Bolton. 
Svo, pp. 48. 

Pay Your Own Debts: a New Temperance Drama. By J. T. 
Staton. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 16. Id. 

Eays fro' th' Loominary. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 128. Also in 
Numbers, Is. 

Contents. — N"o. 1 : Soup for a Sick Mon. — Resate to Catch a Husband ; 

or, the Virtues of a Volontine. — Owd Shunt. — Paddy un th' Colliers. — A 

* Fowl ' Way o' Dressing Game. — Takkiu' th' Howfi Lane Doctor's Advice. — 

Eingley Broth. 

No. 2 : Betty Podger un th' Encyclopaedia Chap. — A New Road o* 

Measurin'. — The Little Owd Woman wi' th' Linsey-Woolsey Petticoat. — A 

Wonderful Pig. — The Matrimonial Creed. — Sally Briggs un her Pigs. — Scenes 

in Court, No. 1.— Scenes in Court, No. 2. 

No. 3 : Domestic Economy. — Votin' by Hauves. — Scene at a Skoo Examin- 

ashun Day. — The Force of Imaginashun. — Recollections of an Owd Oak Table. 

— Egg Beighlin' : a New Plan not Patented. — The Stage-struck Hero. — Betty 

CrawshaVs Promise. 
No. 4 : Owd Shunt un th' Pottecarry.— Do as My Mam Does ; or, a Woife's 

First Lesson. — No. Three. — A Ghost Story. — Th' Cockey Moor Postman. — 

A Chief Mourner, — Billy Cop's Dream.— A Cure for the Boomatiz. — Th' 

Cherms uv Music. 

The Eivals ; a Humorous Dialogue. Also Going for the Census ; a 
Comic Tale. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 16. Id. 

The Song of Solomon in the Lancashire Dialect as spoken at Bolton. 
Prom the Authorized English Version. Translated for Prince Louis 
Lucien Bonaparte by James Taylor Staton, 1859. 12mo, pp. 16. 
Issued with a paper cover, on which was the imprint Manchester (J. Hey- 

wood), 1863. 

This was an unauthorised edition issued at Manchester. Prince Lucien 

Bonaparte bought up almost the whole edition of 6000 copies and destroyed 

them, with exception of 250. 

The Three Graces : a New Comic Sketch for representation at Social 
and Family Gatherings. Bolton, 1860. 12mo, pp. 12. 
^Another edition. Manchester, pp. 16. 

Th' Visit to th' Greight Parris Eggshibishun of Bobby Shuttle un' 
his Woife Sayroh, 1867. By J. T. Staton. Manchester. 8vo, 
pp. 88. With a portrait of the author. 

The Wife Hunters : a New Comic Sketch for Representation at 
Social and Family Gatherings. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 16. 

Wiggles the Wiseacre : a Comic Dramatic Sketch. By J. T. Staton. 
Manchester. Svo, pp. 16. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 85 

Staton (W.). 

What's to be Done : or, the Unfortunate Lovers. By William 
Staton. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 14. Id. 

Steadmon (Jim). See Millae (W.). 
Stephenson (Thos.). 

Aw' I bring thee a Barrow next week. By Thomas Stephenson, 
Philadelphia. Blachhurn : W. Millar. Broadside. 

Stories and Ehymes. [By J. W. Mellor.] Anonymous. 

Takin' th' New Year In. [By Donaldson.] Anonymous. 

Takin' th' Doctor a Subject. [By Donaldson.] Anonymous. 

Tay an' Eum Ditty. [By William Billington.] Anonymous. 

Tear Shedding, &c. [By Donaldson.] Anonymous. 

Tim Bobbin's Adventure with the Irishman. [By M. E. Lahee.] 
Anonymous. 

Tim Bobbin. See Collier (J.). 

Tim Bobbin the Second. See Walker (E.). 

Tim Gamwattle. See Scholes (J.). 

TowNLBY (E.). See Collier (J.). 

Triumph o' Pride. [By H. H. IIadfield.] Anonymous. 

Tummus Yellond. See Hadfield (H. H.). 

Two Countrey Felleys' Yisit to th' Pomona Gerdins. [By Dawson.] 
Anonymous. 

"Uncle Owdem. See Mellor (J. W.). 

Under a Lancashire Hedge. A dialogue. Broadside. 

Yisit to 'Daisy Nook,' A, or, a Londoner's Glance at Lancashire 

Life. By a Member of the Savage Club. Manchester, 1863. 12mo, 

pp. 16. 

Walker (J.). 

Awm a Poor Working Mon. Manchester. Broadside. 

^Another edition. Middleton : J. Yerity. Broadside. 

The Factory Lad. By John Walker. Broadside. 

Walker (E.). 

Plebeian Politics ; or, the Principles and Practices of certain Mole- 
eyed Warrites exposed, by way of Dialogue betwixt two Lancashire 
Clowns, together with several fugitive pieces. By Tim Bobbin the 
Second [i. e. Eobert Walker]. . . . Manchester, [1796]. Svo. 
Printed by W. Cowdroy, Gazette Office, Hunter's Lane. Pp. iv. 56. 
With a likeness of the author in his old age ; underneath it are the 
words, ' Tim Bobbin the Second, born July 27th, 1728.' The title-page 
contains a wood-cut vignette representing Whistle Pig and Tim Grunt 
in conversation. 

This pamphlet was originally printed in Cowdroy's newspapers, the Chester 

Chronicle and Manchester Gazette, in the years 1795 and 1796, and soon after 



86 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

in the present edition, of which scarcely a copy is to be met with. The dedi- 
cation, * To the Tenants of the Stye in General, and to the Swine of Lan- 
cashire in particular,' commencing ' Dear Porkies,' was ' evidently suggested by 
Edmund Burke's widely-spread remark in reference to the multitude ; and from 
Tarious allusions through his volume, it seems that the orator's insulting ex- 
pression stuck in the throat of honest Tim.' See Proctor's Literary Reminis- 
cences. There was another edition published by Cowdroy, Salford about 1811, 
which is generally to be found bound with his edition of Collier's Tim Bobbin. 
The Salford edition has the portrait, 6 plates and vignette on title. There is 
a glossary. Plebeian Politics ends at p. 55, and is signed * One o' Mr Burk's 
eighty theawsant inkorrigible Grunters, dated this 21st of November 1801. 
From my owd original Stye at 12 9 20 20 12 5, 13 15 19 19, 14 5 1 18, 1 19 
8 20 15 14, 21 14 4 5 18, 12 25 14 5.' At p. 89 is a note not to be found in the 
first edition, explaining that these words can be deciphered by having recourse 
to the numbers of the letters of the alphabet, which gives the author's address 
Little Moss near Ashton-under-Lyne. 

"Walsh (William). 

Dandy Jim : a True Tale of Lancashire Life. Manchester. 8vo. 
3d. 

Waugh (Edwin). 

The Barrel Organ. . . . Fourth edition. Illustrated by C. Potter. 
Manchester, 1866. 12mo, pp. 31. 3d. 

Ben an' th' Bantam : a Sequel to ' Besom Ben.' Manchester. 
8vo. Is. 

The Birtle Carter's Tale about Owd Bodle. Manchester. 8vo. 3d. 

Besom Ben and his Jackass. Manchester. 8vo. Is. 

The Birthplace of Tim Bobbin, in the paiisb of Plixton. Man- 
chester. 8vo, pp. 61. 6d. 

At p. 24 will be found a capital Cheshire Song — ' Farmer Dobbin ; or, a 

Day wi' the Cheshire Fox Dogs.' [By R. E. E. Warburton, Esq.] 

Chapel Island : an Adventure on the TJlverston Sands. Manchester, 
8vo. Id. 

The Dead Man's Dinner. Manchester. 8vo. 3d. 

Dulesgate ; or, a Frisk through a Lancashire Clougb. Manchester^ 
8vo, pp. 32. 3d. 

The Goblin's Grave. Manchester. 8vo. 3d. 

The Hay Bag, &c. Manchester. Pp. 16. 

Home Life of the Lancashire Poor during the Cotton Famine. 
Manchester. 8vo, pp. viii. 277. 3s. 6d. 

Jannock ; or the Bold Trencherman. By Edwin Waugh. Man- 
chester, 1874. Sm. 8vo, pp. 108. Price Is. 

The scene of this story is laid in Broughton-in-Furness, and, incidentally, at 

Seathwaite in the same district ; and in it Mr "Waugh endeavours with much 

success to represent the Furness variety of the Lancashire dialect. 

Johnny o' Wobbler's and th' Two-wheeled Dragon. A Yelocipede 
Story. Manchester, 8vo, pp. 19. 3c?. 

Lancashire Anecdotes. Manchester: Thomas Sutcliffe, J. Hey- 
wood. Five numbers. 

Lancashire Songs. By Edwin Watjgh. Manchester, 1866. 8vo, 
pp. 71. 

Lancashire Songs. Manchester. Broadsides. No. 1. Come Whoam 

to thi Childher an' Me. — 2. What ails thee, my son Eobin ? — 3. God 

bless these Poor Folk. — 4. Come, Mary, link thi armi' mine. — 5. Chirrup. 

. —6. The Dule's i' this Bonnet o' Mine.— 7. Tickle Times.— 8. Jamie's 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— LANCASHIRE. 87 

Frolic. — 9. Owd Pinder. — 10. Come, Jamie, let's imdo thi Shoon. — 
11. Th' aoblin Parson.— 12. While takin' a Whift o' my Pipe.— 13. 
God bless thi Silver Yure. — 14. Margit's Comin'. — 15. Eawr Polk. — 
16. Th' Sweetheart Gate.— 17. Gentle Jone.— 18. Neetfo'.— 19. I've 
Worn my Bits o' Shoon Away. — 20. Yesterneet. — 21. Bonnie Nan. — 
22. A Lift on the Way.— 23. Tum Eindle.— 24. Owd Enoch.— 25. 
Buckle to.— 26. Come, Limber Lads.— 27. Willie's Grave.— 28. Por- 
give One Another. Id. each. 

* Lubbers afloat,' &c. Manchester y John Heywood (no date), pp. 
16.-J. P. M. 

Norbreck : a Sketch on the Lancashire Coast. Manchester. 12mo, 
pp. 23. Id. 

Old Cronies ; or Wassail in a Country Inn. By Edwin Waugh. 
Manchester, 1875. Sm. 8vo, pp. 100. Price Is. 

* Over Sands to the Lakes. Manchester , A Ireland and Co., 
I860.' pp. 49.— J. P. M. 

Oliver Femleaf's Watch. Manchester. 8vo. Id. 

Th' Owd Blanket : a Sequel to Ben an' th' Bantam. Manchester^ 
8vo, pp. 108. Is. 

Owd Buzzart, &c. Manchester. Pp. 16. 

Poems and Lancashire Songs. London, 1859. 12mo, pp. vii. and 
150. New edition. London, 1870. 5s. 

Poesies from a Country Garden. Selections from the Works of 
Edwin Waugh. Manchester, 1866. 8vo. Parts 1 and 2. Each 3d 

^ Contents. — Part I. : The World. — Tlie Moorlands. — Now Summer's Sun- 

light Glowing. — The Moorland Flowers. — The Captain's Friends. — Christmas 

Morning. — Time is Flying. — Keen Blows the North Wind. — Life's Twilight. 

• — Come Whoam to thi Childher an' Me. — God Bless these Poor Folk. — 

Chirrup. — The Dule's i' this Bonnet o' Mine. — Owd Pinder. — Come, Mary, 

link thi Arm i' mine. — Th' Sweetheart Gate. 

Part II. : Neet Fo. — Chapel Island. — Owd Enoch,— Oliver Fernleaf's 

Watch. 

A Eamble from Bury to Eochdale containing a Lancashire Dialogue 
and Jone o' Jeffrey's Tale. By Edwin Watjgh. Manchester (Beres- 
roRD and Galt), 1851. 12mo. 

Eambles in the Lake Country and its Borders. By Edwin Waugh, 
Manchester, 1864. 8vo, pp. 267. 

Contents : Norbreck. Over Lands to the Lakes. Seaside Lakes and 
Mountains of Cumberland. Silverdale. 
Contains very little dialect matter. 

The Sexton's Story of Joe's Adventure in Eochdale Churchyard. 

By Edwin Waugh. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 36. 

Sketches of Lancashire Life and Localities. Bv Edwin Waugh. 

London (Whitaker and Co.), 1855. Sm. 8vo. 

Sketches of Lancashire Life and Localities. Manchester, 1857. 8vo, 

pp. viii. 247. 3rd edition, 1869. 

Contents.— Ramble from Bury to Rochdale. — The Cottage of Tim Bobbin, 
and the Village of Milnrow. — Highways and Byeways from Rochdale to the Top 
of Blackstone Edge. — The Town of Heywood and its neighbourhood. — The 
Grave of Grislehurst Boggart. — Boggart Hole Clough. — Rostherne Mere. 

Sneck Bant; or, th' Owd Tow Bar. Manchester. 8vo, pp. 94. 1«. 
Snowed-up ; or, the White House on the Moor Top. Manchester, 
Svo, pp. 115. Is. Frontispiece of Packer St Eochdale. 



88 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. t 

Tattlin Matty. Manchester. 8vo. 3d 

Tufts of Heather from the Northern Moors. Manchester. 8vo. 
35. 6d. each. 

Contents. — Vol. I. : Besom Ben. — Ben an' th' Bantam. — The Birtle 
Carter's Tale about Owd Bodle.— The Barrel Organ.— Tattlin' Matty.— The 
Dead Man's Dinner. — The Goblin's Grave. 

Vol. II. The Owd Blanket.— Dulesgate.—Sneck Bant.— Yeth-Bobs an' 
Scaplins. 

The Village of Milnrow, and the Cottage of Tim Bobbin, near 
Eochdale. Manchester, 1850. 8vo, pp. 12. 

Wandering Minstrels; or, "Wails of the Workless Poor. Man- 
chester. 8vo. Id. 

Yeth Bobs an' Scaplins ; or, Tufts of Heather an' Chips of Eock. 
Manchester. 8vo, pp. 70. 6d. 

See also under Sphinx. 

Whittaker (J.). See Eamsbottom (J.). 

WiLBRAHAM (EoGER). 

In Wilbraham's Cheshire Glossary a number of words are marked 
as being also current in Lancashire. 

"Wilkinson (T. T.). 

Edmund Spenser and the East Lancashire Dialect. By T. T. Wilkin- 
son, F.E.A.S., &c. Eead 10th January, 1867. (Transactions of the 
Historic Society of Lancashire and Chesire. 19th Session, p. 87.) 

See also Harland (J.). 

Wilson (M., T., and A.). 

Songs of the Wilsons. By permission of Mr William Wilson. 
Manchester, 1847. 12mo, pp. 42. 

The Songs of the Wilsons, with a Memoir of the Family, and 
several additional Songs never before published. Edited by John 
Harland, F. S. A. London, 1865. 12mo, pp. 78. Is. 

Contents. — Introduction. — Memoir of the Wilson Family. — Impromptu 
by William Wilson. — Epitaph on Alexander Wilson. — Jone's Ramble fro' 
Owdam to Karsy Moor Races. — Ode to Freedom. — Soldier Jack. — Salford 
Fair. — Medley of Devils, — The Chapter of Foes. — The Peterloo Massacre. — 
The Weaver. — Young Edward Slain at Waterloo. — Humours of Smithy Door 
Market. — The Countryman's Description of the Collegiate Church. — The 
Country Wedding. — Salford Fair. — Rough Joe in Search of a Wife. — The 
Meddling Parson. — Johnny Green's Trip fro' Owdam to see a Balloon Ascent. — 
Johnny Green's Description of Tinker's Gardens. — Johnny Green's Wedding, 
and Description of Manchester College. — Johnny Green's Trip fro' Owdam to 
see the Liverpool Railway. — Pagan ini ; or, Manchester Fiddling Mad. — 
Impromptu Song. — The Poet's Corner. — The Buckingham Cheque. 

See also under Eidings (Elijah). 

Johnny Green's Wedding appears in Hone's Year Book, under Jan. 13, 
and this and other of their songs have been printed in all varieties of form 
and place. 

Wrob (W. H.). 

Chips fro' th' Owd Block : a Selection of Comic Lancashire Tales 
adapted for public reading or reciting. By William H. Wroe. 
Manchester. 8vo, pp. 31. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — LANCASHIRE. 69 

Contents : — Th' Condishuns on wliicli Jim Snoddles took a "Woife. 
Ailse un Mary. Mr and Mrs Snoddles awhoam ogen — alive, safe, an kickin. 
Th' Greight Review. Poo that Hat off. Trip to Hollingworth. 

Yellond o' th' Nook. See Hadfield (H. H.). 

Yewud Chap's Trip to Manchester to see Prince Halbert, th' Queen, 
an' th' Art Treasures Eggshibishun. By ' Oud John.' Heywoody 
1857. 12mo, pp. 32. 

Postscript. — It is not easy to decide upon the exact dialect of our Early 
English poems ; but the following deserve mention here, as they have been con- 
sidered by some to be in the Lancashire dialect. 

Three Early English Metrical Eomances, with an Introduction and 
Glossary; edited from a MS. in the possession of J. I. Blackburne, 
Esq. By John Eobson. Pp. xliv and 132. London^ Camden Society, 
1843. 

(Containing the Anturs of Arthur, Sir Amadace, and the Avowynge of 
Arthur, considered to be in the North Lancashire Dialect.) 

Early English Alliterative Poems in the West-Midland Dialect of 
the 14th century, copied and edited from a unique MS., with an intro- 
duction, Notes and Glossarial Index. By Eichabd Moehis. Lon- 
don, E.E.T. S., No. 1. 1864. 8vo, pp. xxxix, 216. (Eeprinted, 1869.) 
(Attributed to Huchowne, by some identified with Sir Hugh of Eglintoun ; 
but the authorship is uncertain.) 

Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight ; an Alliterative Eomance-Poem, 
about 1320—30, A.d. By the Author of Early English Alliterative 
Poems. Ee-edited by Eiciiard Morris. London, E. E. T. S., No. 4. 

1864. 8vo, pp. XX, 124. (Eeprinted, 1869.) 
(Previous edition in Sir Frederic Madden's Sir Gawayne.) 

Morte Arthure. Edited from Eobert Thornton's MS. (about a.d. 
1440). By George G. Perry, M.A. London, E. E. T. S., No. 8. 

1865, pp. xix, 144. (Eeprinted, ed.^. Brock, 1871.) 
(Ascribed to Huchowne.) 

The Gest Hystoriale of the Destruction of Troy; an Alliterative 
Eomance translated from Guido Colonna's Historia Troiana. Now 
first edited from the unique MS. in the Hunterian Museum, Uni- 
versity of Glasgow. By the Eev. George A. Panton and David 
Donaldson. (E. E. T. S., Nos. 39 and 56.) Part I., 1869 ; Part II., 
1874. 

(Attributed to Huchowne by the Editors, who believe the dialect to be 
Lowland Scottish. Mr Axon has shown (Proceedings of the Manchester 
Literary Club, 1873-4, p. 82) that the MS. was probably written for or by 
one of the Chethams of Nuthurst. 



Leicestershire. — ^Leicestershire Words, Phrases, and Proverbs ; col- 
lected by Arthur B. Evatv^s, D.D., head-master of Market Bosworth 
Free Grammar School. 8vo, pp. xvii and 116. London, W. Picker- 
ing ; J. E. Smith ; Leicester, T. C. Browne, 1848. 

A copy in the possession of the E. D. S. has the pronunciation of most of the 
words marked, in Glossic notation, by Miss C. Ellis. 



90 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. - [A. 1. 

The Rev. A. Macaulay's History and Antiquities of Claybrook, 
Leicestershire (8vo. London, 1791), contains a few remarks on the 
dialect, at pp. 128 — 130. The most pertinent of these were reprinted 
in Dr Evans's preface. See above. They were also reprinted in 
Nichols's Hist, of Leicestershire, vol. iv. part i. p. 131. 

Lincolnshire. — The Lay of Havelok the Dane ; composed in the 
time of Edward I., about a.d. 1380. Edited for the Eoxburghe Club, 
by F. Madden, Esq., 1828. Ee-edited for the Early English Text 
Society, by the Eev. W. W. Skeat, 1868. 

Boberd of Brunne's Handlyng Synne (written a.d. 1303); with the 
French Treatise on which it is founded, Le Manuel des Pechiez by 
William of Wadyngton. Edited for the Eoxburghe Club by E. J. 
FuRNiYALL, Esq. 4to. London, 1862. 

Terence in English . . . Opera ac industria R. B. [Ricardi Ber- 
nard] in Axolmiensi insula Lincolnsherii Epwortheatis. 5th edit. 
4to. London, 1629. 

Previous editions in 4to, printed at Cambridge, in 1588, 1607, and 1614. 

Neddy and Sally, or the Statutes Day; a Lincolnshire Tale. By 
John Brown. 12mo, pp. 10. Lincoln, E. E. Leary, 1841. 

MS. list of words used near Ropsley, Lincolnshire. By Mr John 
Allen. Given to the London Philological Society ; see Transactions, 
1845; V. 2, p. 131. 
This MS. list has unfortunately been lost. 

*The History and Antiquities of Boston, and the Villages of Skir- 
beck, Fishtoft, Freiston, Butterwick, Berrington, Leverton, Leake, 
and Wrangle ; comprising the hundred of Skirbeck in the County of 
Lincoln .... By Pishey Thompson. Extra rl. 8vo, pp. xxii and 
824. Boston, John Noble, jun., 1856. 

At pp. 696 — 736 is a Dictionary of the Provincial Dialect, Archaisms, &c. 

W. & B. Brooke's Lincoln Companion to the Almanack, 1860. 
12mo. Lincoln, W. & B. Brooke. Contains ' Notes on Lincolnshire 
"Words, with a Short Glossary.' 

*Enoch Arden, etc. By Alfred Tennyson, D.C.L., Poet-Laureate. 
Fcp. 8vo, pp. 178. London, Moxon & Co. 1864. 

Contains, at pp. 128 — 136, a poem in the Lincolnshire Dialect, entitled 
* Northern Farmer (Old Style).' 

The Holy Grail, and other Poems. By Alfred Tennyson, D.C.L., 
Poet-Laureate. Fcp. 8vo, pp. 222. London, Strahan & Co. 1870. 
Contains a second specimen, entitled * Northern Farmer (New Style),' pp. 
161—168. 

^Provincial "Words and expressions current in Lincolnshire ; together 
with an original poem in the Lincolnshire dialect, entitled ' Our Little 
Ted.' By J. Ellett Brogden. 12mo, pp. 241. London, E. Hard- 
wicke, 1866. 

Ralf Skirlaugh, The Lincolnshire Squire. By E. Peacock, Esq. 
3 vols. 8vo. London, 1870. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — ^MIDDLESEX, NORFOLK. 91 

Mabel Heron. By E. Peacock, Esq. 3 vols. 8vo. 11., 1872. 

John Markenfield. By E. Peacock, Esq. 3 vols. Svo. /&., 1872. 

The Lincoln Pocket-Guide. By Sir Charles Henry John Ander- 
son, Baronet. 12nio. Lincoln, 1874. 

(Contains some notices of tlie Lincolnshire dialect.) 

Middlesex. — Anecdotes of the English Language, chiefly regarding 
the Local Dialect of London and its environs. By Samtjel Pegge. 
To which is added a Supplement to Grose's Provincial Glossary. 
The third edition, enlarged and corrected ; edited by the Eev. Henry 
Christmas. Svo. London, J. B. Nichols & Son, 1844. 
First edition, 1803; second edition, 1814, 1818. 

Errors of Pronunciation and Improper expressions used frequently 
and chiefly by the Inhabitants of London ; to which are added those 
in similar use chiefly by the Inhabitants of Paris. Post 8vo, pp. 84. 
London, 1817. 

Thackeray, W. M. Ballads ; London, Bradbury and Evans, 1855. 
See Ballads of Policeman X, p. 106 ; and other Specimens. 

See also ' The Pickwick Papers,' * Oliver Twist,' ' Sketches by Boz,' 
&c., &c., by Charles Dickens. 

Norfolk. — See also East Anglia. — ^Norfolk Vocabulary. MS. of 
the 15th century. B. M. MS. Addit. 12195; fol. 60. Five leaves. 

*The Paston Letters; 1422 — 1509, a.d. A Kew Edition, contain- 
ing upwards of 400 letters, &c., hitherto unpublished. Edited by 
James Gairdner. Vol. I., 1422 — 1461, a.d. Fcp. 8vo, pp. cl and 
554. London, 1872. 

. ^Vol. IL, 1461—1471, A.D. Fcp. Svo, pp. Iviii and 424. London, 1874. 

Not yet completed. The former edition, edited by Sir John Fenn, appeared 
in quarto ; Vols 1 and 2 in 1787, Vols 3 and 4 in 1789 ; and Vol. .5 (edited 
by bis nepbew, Mr Serjeant Frere) in 1823. 

Certain Miscellany Tracts, written by Thomas Brown, Knt. and 
Doctour of Physick, late of Norwich. 8vo, pp. 229, with a portrait. 
London, 1684. 

A posthumous publication, edited by Archbp. Tenison. In one of the 
Essays (the eighth, on Languages and the Saxon Tongue) he gives a small 
sample of Norfolk words, 26 in number, to illustrate his subject. The list is 
given in Nail's Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, p. 422, note. A full discussion 
of this list will be found in the preface to the English Dialect Society's reprint 
of Ray's Collection, 1874; pp. xv — xx. 

Norfolk Poetical Miscellany. To which are added some select 
Essays and Letters in prose, never printed before. 2 vols, 8vo. 1744. 

*The Eural Economy of Norfolk. By Mr Marshall. 2 vols, Svo. 
London, 1787. 

2nd edition. Lh., 1795 

Vol. II. contains a Glossary of Provincialisms pertaining to the Eural 
Economy of Norfolk ; already reprinted for the E. D. S,, as Gloss. B. 3. 

Erratics by a Sailor ; containing Eambles in Norfolk and elsewhere. 
12mo, pp. 180. London, 1809. 



92 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

"Written by the Eev. Joshua Larwood, Eector of Swanton Morley, Norfolk. 
Letter VII., pp. 64—76, contains Observations on the Vulgar Tongue of the 
County of Norfolk, including a dialogue in that dialect, with a translation. 

In the Catalogue for May, 1839, of Mr T. Eodd, Bookseller, of 
Great Newport Street, occurs the entry — ^NoRRis (A^THomr) a Glos- 
sary, or Dictionary, explaining the obsolete and ancient words used 
by our old English writers, with references to examples where they 
occur ; to which is added, a Catalogue of local and vulgar words used 
in the county of Norfolk ; written in a good clear hand, of the middle 
of the xviiith century. 

Query — what has become of this? It is mentioned in Mr Smith's list 
(1839). 

The Norfolk Topographer's Manual ; being a catalogue of the Books 
and Engravings hitherto published in relation to the County. By S. 
WooDWAED and EwiNG. Eoyal 8vo. 1842. 

Contains lists of the Norfolk chartularies known to be in existence, &c. 

Norfolk Anthology. — A Collection of Poems, Ballads, and Eare 
Tracts relating to the County of Norfolk, collected and edited by J. 
O. Halliwell, Esq. Thick 4to, only eighty copies privately printed ; 
pp. 212. Brixton Hill, 1852. 

The Song of Solomon in the Norfolk Dialect. By the Eev. Edward 
GiLLETT, Vicar of Eunham. 16mo. \_London, I860.] 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte. 

* Promptorium Parvulorum sive Clericorum, Dictionarius Anglo- 
Latinus princeps, auctore fratre GaKrido Grammatico dicto, ex ordine 
fratrum predicatorum, Northfolciensi, circa A.D. M. CCCC.XL. Ad 
fidem codicum recensuit Albertus Way, A.M. 4to. pp. Ixxxvii and 
563. London (Camden Society), 1843—1865. 

A work of the highest value. 

* Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft, a handbook for Visitors and 

Eesidents, with Chapters on the Archaeology, Natural History, &c., 
of the district ; a history, with statistics, of the East coast herring 
fishery, and an etymological and comparative Glossary of the Dialect 
of East Anglia. By John Geeayes Nall. Thick sm. 8vo, pp. 
728. London, Longmans, 1866. 

Proverbs, Adages, and Popular Superstitions, still preserved in the 
Parish of Irstead, communicated by the Eev. John Gunn, Eector of 
the Parish. See Norfolk Archaeology, vol. ii,, pp. 291 — 308. 

The Beeston Ghost; or Forty Years Ago. A Norfolk Tale. [In 
the West Norfolk Dialect.] Edited by the Eev. J. S. Obton. Pp. 
16. London, Jarrold and Sons, n. d. 

Giles's Trip to London. Edited by the Village Schoolmaster. 13th 
ed., pp. 103. Norwich, n. d. 

Molly Migg's Trip to the Seaside. Edited by the author of ' Giles's 
Trip to London.' 2nd ed., pp. 98. Norwich, n. d. 

Northamptonshire. — The Natural History of Northamptonshire; 
with some account of the antiquities, &c. By John Moeton, M.A. 
Pol. London, 1712. "With 14 plates and a county-map. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— NORTHUMBERLAND. 93 

Contains, incidentally, a few Northamptonshire words. 

Poems descriptive of Eural Life and Scenery, By John Clake, a 
Northamptonshire peasant. 12mo, pp. xxiii and 220. Second ed. 
London (pr. for Taylor and Hessey, Meet Street), 1820. [The Glos- 
sary occupies pp. 217 — 220.] 

The Shepherd's Calendar, &c. by John Claee (J&., 1827) does not, 
apparently, contain provincial expressions. 

* The Dialect and Folk-lore of Northamptonshire. By Thos. 
Sternberg. 8vo, pp. xvi and 200. London, J. R. Smith; North- 
ampton, Abel and Sons, G. N. Wetton ; Oundle, E. Todd ; BracTdeyy 
R. Green. 1851. 

The Glossary occupies pp. 1 — 128 ; Folk-lore, pp. 131 — 197. The distinc- 
tion between the dialects in the Northern and Southern parts of the county is 
well observed. Mr Wheatley notes a later edition in 1857. 

^Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases, with examples 
of their use, and illustrations from various authors; to which are 
added, the customs of the county. By Anne Elizabeth Baker. 
In 2 vols, 12mo. London, 1854. Yol. i, pp. xviii and 410; vol. ii, 
pp. 440. 

The Glossary occupies vol. i, and vol. ii, pp. 1 — 415. 

Northumberland. — A Specimen of the Northumberland Dialect is 
to be found in ' A Dialogue bothe pleasaunt and pietifull, wherein is a 
godlie Regiment against the Fever Pestilence.' By Dr William 
BxJLLElN. 4to; first printed in London, 1564; repr. in 1569, 1573, 
1578. That portion of Bulleui's work which contains the Speeches 
of the old Nhumb. Beggar is given in the notes to ' Rambles in 
Northumberland and on the Scottish Border,' by Stephen Oliver; 
12mo, ih., 1835. 

Joco-Serious Discourse, in two Dialogues, between a Northumber- 
land Gentleman and his tenant, a Scotchman, both old CavaHers, 
with an anagram prefixt to them ; being some miscellaneous Essays 
written upon several occasions. [All in verse.] By George Stuart. 
4to, pp. 76. London, for Benj. Tooke ; Newcastle, for John Story 
[1686]. 

_ The Scottish dialect of the Tenant is mingled throughout with the pro- 
vincialisms of Northumberland. 

The Origin of the Newcastle Burr. The Second Edition, with altera- 
tions and additions. A Satirical Poem. By Richard Dawes, 1767. 
1844. Reprinted in vol. iii. of Richardson's Newcastle Reprints of 
Rare Tracts. 

The Northumberland Garland, or Newcastle Nightingale : a match- 
less collection of famous Songs. 8vo, pp. 94. Newcastle, 1793. 

Edited by Joseph Ritson, and reprinted among the 'Northern Garlands.' 
8vo. London, 1810 ; to which an advertisement is prefixed by J[oseph] 
H[azlewood]. 

Poems on Several Occasions, written chiefly in the remoter parts of 
Cumberland and Northumberland. By John Jackson. Post 8vo. 
London, 1797. 

Newcastle Songster, or Tyne Minstrel ; containing a choice selection 



94 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

of Modern and Original Songs. 12m.o. Newcastle-u2)on- Tyne, DaYid 
Bass, 1806. 

The Northern Minstrel : or Gateshead Songster ; being a choice col- 
lection of the most approved modem Songs ; including also a number 
of Originals from the Manuscripts of the respective authors. Sm. 
12mo. Gateshead upon Tyne, J. Marshall. 

Published in four parts, in 1806-7. It includes several Songs in the Tyne 
dialect. 

The Northumbrian Minstrel ; a Choice Collection of Songs. 3 nos, 
12mo. Alniuicky W. Davison, 1811. 

Ehymes of Northern Bards ; being a curious Collection of old and 
new Songs and Poems peculiar to the counties of Newcastle-upon- 
Tyne, Northumberland, and Durham. Edited by John Bell, Junr. 
12mo, pp. 328. Newcastle-ujpon-Tyne^ 1812. 

Alnwick Vocal Miscellany ; a Selection of the most esteemed Songs. 
12mo. Alnwick, W. Davison, 1816. 

The Budget; or Newcastle Songster for 1816. 12mo. Newcastle^ 
J. Marshall, 1816. 

The Gateshead Cabinet, being a small collection of Songs. By 
T. E. V. 12mo, pp. 14. Newcastle, 1816. 

A Collection of Songs, Comic and Satirical, chiefly in the Newcastle 
dialect. By William MiDroRD. To which are added a few Local 
Songs, by various authors. 12mo, pp. 70. Newcastle, 1818. 

A Collection of Songs, Comic and Satirical, chiefly in the Newcastle 
Dialect, and illustrative of the language and manners of the common 
people on the banks of the Tyne and neighbourhood. By Messrs 
Thompson, Shield, Midfoed, and others. [Second edition.] 12mo, 
pp. 72. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, J. Marshall, 1819. 

3rd edition; 1820. 

4th edition; 1823. 

A Collection of Songs, Comic, Satirical, and Descriptive, chiefly 
in the Newcastle Dialect. By T. Thompson, J. Shield, W. Midpoed, 
H. EoBSON, and others. Pp. 228. Newcastle-ujpon-Tyne ; pr. by J. 
Marshall, in the Old Plesh-market, 1827. 

A Collection of Original Newcastle Songs . . . not before published 
in any Collection. 12mo, pp. 16. Newcastle uj)on Tyne, J. Marshall, 
1819. 

A New Song entitled Street Piracy, or Lantern Justice ; to which 
are added, the Dying Eeflections of Poor Snap. 8vo. Newcastle, 
John Booth, 1822. 

Newcastle Tracts. — Account of the Proceedings in Newcastle and 
Gateshead at the Coronation of Geo. III. and Queen Charlotte, Sept. 
1761, and Geo. TV., 1821. Newcastle, 1822— Trial of Watson v. Carr, 
for Assault and Imprisonment at Newcastle. /&., 1823 — Stanzas on 
the New Line of Eoad from Potticar Lane to Leyburn Hole, with 
Account of Memorable Events which have occurred on Gateshead 
Hai. II., 1825— Account of the Statute of Charles 11. on Tyno 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — NORTHUMBERLAND. 95 

Bridge, with, tlie Pasquinade on its Eemoyal, and Eeply. Ih., 1826 
— La Belle Assemblee, or the Tinmouth Bathers, a Poem, inscribed to 
the Ladies of Newcastle, by G. K. /&., 1828 — Verses on the E. 
of Northumberland Eestoring Alnwick Castle, and Elegy on the 
Quakers' Burial Ground at CuUurcoats. Ih., 1829 — Accounts of the 
Eebellions in 1715-16 and '46, as far as relates to the Counties of 
Northumberland and Newcastle and Berwick. /&., 1831 — Account 
of the Dreadful Explosion at Wallsend Colliery, in Northumberland 
and Durham. /&., 1835. Collected in 1 vol, 8vo, hoards. 

This appeared in a bookseller's catalogue ; but it probablycontains very little 
that is dialectal.— W. W. S. 

A Collection of Songs on the intended Branch Custom House at 
North Shields. 12mo. Newcastle-ujpon-Tyne, J. Marshall [1822 ?] 

A Complete Collection of original Newcastle Coronation Songs, com- 
prising all that have been written on the Coronation of George IV. 
12mo, pp. 16. Neivcastle, 1822. 

A Complete Collection of original Newcastle Coronation Songs, 
comprising all that have been written on the Coronation of Geo. IV., 
and on the intended removal of the Custom House. 12mo, pp. 76. 
Newcastle, 1822. 

A Collection of original Local Songs and other pieces. By Wm. 
Oliver. 12mo, pp. 24. lb., 1824. 
^An enlarged edition in 8vo, pp. 70. lb., 1829. 

The Tyne Side Minstrel ; being a Collection of original Local Songs, 
arranged to popular airs. 12mo, pp. 72. Oateshead, 1824. 

The Tyne Side Songster ; a choice Collection of Comic, Satirical, and 
Descriptive Songs, in the Newcastle dialect. 18mo, pp. 108. Aln~ 
wicJc [1826.] 

A Collection of Comic and Descriptive Songs, chiefly in the 

Newcastle dialect. 12mo. Alnwick, W. Davison, n. d. 

The Tyne Songster ; a choice Collection of Songs in the Newcastle 
dialect. 12mo, pp. 72. North Shields, 1827. 

The Tyne Songster ; a choice selection of Songs in the Newcastle 
Dialect. 12mo. Newcastle, W. and T. Pordyce, 1840. 

The Songs of the Tyne ; being a choice Collection of Popular Local 
Songs, comic, satirical, and descriptive, chiefly in the Newcastle 
Dialect. 10 nos, 12mo. Newcastle upon Tyne, John Eoss, n. d. 

Songs of the Tyne, a collection of Local Melodies. By Joshua 
Bagis'ALL. 12mo. Gateshead, E. Eankin. 

The Tyneside Minstrel ; being a collection of Original Local Songs 
arranged to popular airs. 12mo, pp. 72. Gateshead, W. Stephenson, 
1824. 

A Collection of Original Songs, Local and Sentimental. By Egbert 
Gilchrist. Sm. 8vo. Newcastle upon Tyne, "W. A. Mitchell, 1824. 

Stanzas on the Intended new line of Eoad from Potticar Lane to 
Leybum Hole, &c. 12mo, pp. 16. Newcastle, J. Sjhes, 1825. (The 



96 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. .1. 

Address to the Eeader is signed John Sykes ; the Yerses are signed 
Ltjbin Level.) 

The Black Garland ; containing The Holy Puzzle ; Meikle Black 
Deil ; The Child wi' the Swinging Tail ; L— t's Speech ; Presbyterian 
Minister's Prayer for the Deil ; The Cardiometer, &c. 8yo. New- 
castle, 1827. 

From a bookseller's catalogue ; "which adds — A curious collection of scarce 
and curious legends of the north country, in the dialect of those parts. 

The Pitman's Pay, or a Mght's Discharge to Care. [By TnoMAa 
Wilson.] 12mo, pp. 16. Gateshead, G. Watson, 1830. 

The Pitman's Pay, and other Poems. By Thos. Wilson. Pp. 
xxxvi and 168. Gateshead, W. Douglas, High St. ; Newcastle, Cham- 
ley; London, Simpkin, Marshall, and Co., 1843. 
The Glossary/ occupies pp. 17 — 34. 

The Poetical Works of John Farrer, Netherwitton. Sm. 8vo. 
Bhjth (J. Eobinson), 1831. 

Most of the poems are in ordinary English. 

The IS'ewcastle Song Book ; or Tyne-Side Songster, being a collec- 
tion of Comic and Satirical Songs .... chiefly in the Newcastle 
Dialect. 12mo. Newcastle upon Tyne, W. and T. Eordyce, 1842. 

A Collection of Right Merrie Garlands for North Country Anglers. 
Sm. 8vo. Newcastle, E. Charnley, 1842. 

Local Historian's Table-book of Remarkable Occurrences, Historical 
Pacts, Traditions, Legendary and Descriptive Ballads, &c., connected 
with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, and 
Durham. By M. A. Richardson. 3 vols, royal 8vo. Newcastle, 
1841-6. 

{re-issued as) The Borderers' Table-Book, or Gatherings of the 

Local History and Romance of the English and Scottish Border. 
London, H. G. Bohn, 1846. 

Original Tyneside Songs. By J. P. Robson. 12mo. Newcastle on 
Tyne, M. Ross, 1849. 

*Songs of the Bards of the Tyne, or a Choice Collection of Original 
Songs chiefly in the Newcastle Dialect, with a Glossary of 800 words. 
Edited by Jr. P. Robson. 12mo. Newcastle, P. Erance & Co., n. d. 
[1849.] 

The Howdy and the IJpgetting. Two Tales of Sixty years sin 
seyne, as related by the late Thomas Bewick, of Newcastle, in the 
Tyne Side Dialect. 12mo. London (printed for the admii-ers of 
native merit), 1850. 

*A Glossary of Terms used in the Coal Trade of Northumberland 
and Durham. Second edition. 8vo. London, J. Gray Bell, 1851. 

The Coquet Dale Eishing Songs, now first Collected and edited by 
a North-Country Angler. Sm. 8vo. Edinburgh, W. Blackwood, 

1852. 

The Noble Laird of Thornyburne ; a Northumbrian Border Ballad 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — NORTHUMBERLAND. 97 

in three fyttes ; witli Introduction and Glossary. Sm. 8vo. London^ 
Saunders & Otley, 1855. 

Proverbial Folk Lore of Newcastle-on-Tyne. 4to. Richmond (in 
Com. Ebor), J. BeU, 1855. 

The Popular Rhymes, Sayings, and Proverbs, of the County of Ber- 
wick, with illustrative notes. By Geoege Henderson, Surgeon. 
12mo. Newcastle on Tyne, W. S. Crow, 1856. 

Geordy Brown's Budget of Laughables, containing a Collection of 
original comic songs, medleys, and recitations, in the Newcastle 
Dialect. By E. P. Sutherland. Yery small. London, Webb, Mil- 
lington, & Co., 1857. 

Folk-Lore: or a Collection of Local Rhymes, Proverbs, Sayings, 
Prophecies, Slogans, &c. relating to Northumberland, Newcastle-on- 
Tyne and Berwick-on-Tweed. Sm. 8vo. Bichmond in Com. Ehor. 
J. Bell, 1858. 

The Song of Solomon in the Newcastle Dialect. By John George 
PORSTER. 16mo. \_London, 1858.] 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte. 

The Song of Solomon in the Newcastle Dialect. By Joseph Philip 
ROBSON. Author of * Bards of the Tyne,' etc., etc. \_London, 1859.] 
Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte. 

The Book of Ruth, in the Northumberland Dialect. By J. P. 
RoBSON. London, 1860. 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte. 

The Song of Solomon in the Northumberland Dialect. By Joseph 
Philip Robson; author of 'Tyneside Songs,' etc., etc. London 
[I860]. 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte. 

The Song of Solomon, versified from the English Translation of 
James of England, into the Dialect of the Colliers of Northumberland, 
but principally those dwelling on the banks of the Tyne. By J. P. 
Robson. 4to. [^London,"] 1860. 

Northumberland and the Border. By Walter White. 8vo, pp. 
xii and 472. London, 1859. 

Chater's Illustrated Comic Tyneside Almanac for 1862 ... . written 
in the Northumberland Dialect egzackly hoo the Newcassel Poaks 
tawk. By J. P. Robson, .... an' uthor cliwor cheps a' owthor 
belangin Newcassel, G'yetsid, or sumways else. 12mo. Newcastle 
upon Tyne, J. W. Chater, 1862. 

the same, for 1863. 

the same, for 1866. 

The Keelmin's Comic Annewal for 1869, gi'es ye the best bits o' 
wit an' wisdim be the cliworest cheps aboot Tyneside . . . . by J. L. 
Marcke an' C. H. Ross. 12mo. Newcastle-ujpon-Tyne, J. W. Chater. 

Northumberland and its Neighbour Lands. Illustrated by en- 
gravings from Richardson, Carmichael, &c. By S. S. Jones. 4to. 

7 



98 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST, [A. 1 

pp. 295 and 76. Eexham, 1871. (Contains several pieces written in 
the dialect.) 

Illustrated Edition of Tyneside Songs : original and selected. By 
Geo. Eidley, Ned Corvan, «S:c. 12nio. Newcastle, T. AUan. 

The Newcastle Songster, being a choice collection of Songs in the 
Newcastle Dialect. 12nio. Newcastle, D. France & Co. 

A Garland of Newcastle Songs. 12mo. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. J. 
Marshall. 

Postscript. Owing to some difficulty experienced in obtaining 
information concerning Northumberland, it is to be feared that the 
preceding list is very imperfect. One correction came too late to be 
made in the right place, but may be noted here, viz. that the ' Poems 
on Several Occasions, &c. by John Jackson, London, 1797' contains 
nothing that is dialectal, and should have been omitted. The follow- 
ing work is announced for publication, which ought to give much 
information. Preparing, in 1 vol. 8vo., Bibliotheca Northumbriensis 
et Dunelmensis : a Bibliographical Account of Books, Pamphlets, 
Prints, Maps, &c. printed on the History, «S:c. of the Counties of 
Northumberland and Durham. By William Dodd (of Newcastle). 

Nottinghamshire. — The Antiquities of Nottinghamshire. By 
Egbert Thoroton, Doctor of Physick. FoHo. London, 1677. 

^Eepublished, with large additions. By John Throsby. 3 

vols, 4to. 1797. 

The foHo edition of 1677 contains no list of provincialisms, but vol. iii. of 
the quarto edition contains fifty-four provincialisms, under the head of ' Addi- 
tional Collections.' 

The History of Mansfield and its Environs, in two parts : — I. An- 
tiquities, including an accurate Description of Two Eoman Yillas, 
near Mansfield Woodhouse, discovered by H. Eooke, Esqre. in the 
year 1786; with an account of some late discoveries never before 
printed. II. The present state. By W. Harrod. Small 4to. 
Mansfield, 1801. 

Contains under the head * Dialect' about twenty-seven provinciaUsms. — R. 
White. 

Adventures of Bilberry Thurland. By C. HooTOif. 3 vols, 8vo. 
London, Bentley, 1836. 

Contains a few Provincialisms. This work is not a * small Tract,' as 
described in Mr Eussell Smith's Bibl. List, but in 3 vols, 8vo. — K. White. 

A few Notts, provincialisms occur in Norman Abbey .... By a 
Lady [i. e. Mary Ann Cursham]. 3 vols, 8vo. London. 

*Mr Egbert White, of Worksop, has a copious Nottinghamshire 
Glossary in MS. 

Oxfordshire. — *Parochial Antiquities attempted in the History of 
Ambrosden, Burcester, and adjacent parts in Oxford and Bucks, 
portrait and folding engravings. By Bp. White Kenniett. 2 vols, 
4to. Oxford (Clar. Press), 1818. 

Contains an excellent Glossary of obsolete words, with many examples of 
provincialisms. The original edition is that of 1695. This Glossary is also to 
be found in the work next described. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— SOMERSETSHIRE. 99 

♦The History and Antiquities of Bicester, in Oxfordshire. To which 
is added, an Inquiry into the History of Alchester, &c. With an 
Appendix, and the whole of Bp. Kennett's Glossary of obsolete words 
and phrases from his Parochial Antiquities. 8vo. London, 1816. 

Shropshire. — The Poems of John Audelay, a Specimen of the 
Shropshire Dialect in the fifteenth century ; edited by James 
Orchaed Halliwell. Post Svo. London, Percy Society, 1844. 

♦Salopia Antiqua, &c. ; with a Glossary of Words used in the county 
of Salop ; by the Eev. Chas. Henry Hartshoene, M.A. 8yo. pp. 
xxii and 640. London, J. W. Parker, 1841. 
The Glossary occupies pp. 293 — 622. 

In Willis's Current Notes, 1855, pp. 98, 99, there is an article en- 
titled *' Shropshire Dialect " with the following preface : — *' During a 
residence some years since in Shropshire, I made a list of the principal 
Provincialisms, which is heartily at the service of ' Current Notes.' — 
G.— LlangoUen, Dec. 12."— W. E. A. A 

All Round the Wrekin. By Walter White. 12mo. London. 
1860. (Contains very little of dialectal interest.) 

A History of Market Drayton. By the Rev. J. R. Lee. London, 
Longmans ; Market Drayton, J. Lockett, 1861. 

Has a very short Glossary appended to it, which shews some peculiarities 
of pronunciation. 

* Bye-gones ' is the title of a reprint from the columns of the Oswes- 
try Advertiser, which contains several notes on the Shropshire dialect. 

In * Bye-gones,' vol. i. p. 79, it is stated that the Ludlow Post- 
m.an, a local newspaper published in 1719, and preserved in the 
British Museum, contains some specimens of the Shropshire dialect. 

Salopian Shreds and Patches. (Uniform with Notes and Queries.) 
Reprinted from Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal. In parts. Parts I 
and II appeared in 1874, and Part III in 1875. Part IV is announced 
for publication. (Contains a few notes on the dialect.) 

*Miss Jackson, of Chester (a member of the E. D. S.), has 
compiled a very copious MS. Glossary of the Shropshire Dialect. 

Somersetshire. — The Somersetshire-man's Complaint See MS. 
Lansdowne 674, in the British Museum. This poem was printed, from 
the Lansdowne MS., in Brayley's Graphic and Historical Illustrator, 
4to, 1834, p. 343 ; and is there stated to have been written by Thomas 
Davies between 1614 and 1648.— W. E. A. A. 

The First and Best Parts of Scoggin's Jests, gathered by Andrew 
BooRD, Doctor of Physicke. 16mo. London, F. Williams, 1626. 
Contains a few Specimens of West-Country dialect. 

Joaneridos, or feminine valour eminently discovered in western 
women at the siege of Lyme. By James Strong. 4to. 1674. 

In verse, preceded by 31 jocular pieces of verse on the author and his work. 
One of these is in the Somersetshire dialect. An earlier edition in 1646, 



100 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

"Wit and Mirth, or Pills to Cure Melancholy. By Thomas Durfey. 
12ino, 6 vols. London, 1719-20. 

In vol. iii., p. 41, is a Song in the "Western dialect, entitled * The Country- 
man's Eamble through Bartholomew Fair.' Also, two other specimens at pp. 
256,278. 

The Garland of Goodwill. By Thomas Delonbt. Edited hy J. H. 
Dixon. Post 8vo. London (Percy Society, No. 92) ; 1851. 

A collection of local tales and historical ditties in verse which has run 
through numerous editions, and has even, been printed as a chap-book ; see the 
next notice. In the early editions, only the initials of the author are given. 

* The Garland of Goodwill.' A chap-book of Ballads, ' to he sold 
at the Eing in Little Britain,' printed about 1730. 

Contains a specimen of the Somers. dialect, entitled ' A Pleasant Dialogue 
between Plain Truth and Blind Ignorance.' See the preceding notice. 

There is a letter in the Somersetshire dialect in the 'Grub Street 
Journal' of the 18th Octr., 1733. See 'Athenaeum,' 25th May, 1872; 
p. 666. 

An Election BaU, in Poetical Letters in the Zomerzetshire Dialect 
from Mr Inkle, a Freeman of Bath to his wife at Gloucester .... 
by the Author of the New Bath Guide. 12mo. Dublin, G. Bonham, 
1776. 

^Yocabulary of the Provincial Words of Somerset, with a short essay 
on the dialect. Monthly Magazine, Sept. 1, 1814; pp. 126-7. 
a second paper, by J. Jennings ; p. 330. 

*Observations on some of the Dialects of the West of England, par- 
ticularly Somersetshire, with a Glossary of words now in use there, 
and Poems and other Pieces exemplifying the dialect. By James 
Jennings, Honorary Secretary of the Metropolitan Literary Institu- 
tion. 12mo, pp. xxiv, 191. London, Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, 1825. 

^In Brayley's Graphic and Historical Illustrator, 4to, London^ 

1834, will be found a Dissertation of some of the Anglo-Saxon Pronouns, 
by James Jennes^gs, Esq., which is illustrated by examples from the 
Devon, and Somers. Dialects, including a Poem (not in the above) en- 
titled *Dr Cox, a blanscue,' with a Glossary. See, however, the 
following. 

— — *The Dialect of the West of England, particularly Somerset- 
shire, &c. Second edition; the whole revised, corrected and en- 
larged, .... by James Knight Jennings. 12mo. London, J. E. 
Snuth, 1869. 

A Collection of Pieces in the Dialect of Zummerzet; edited by 
James Orchard Halliwell, Esq. 8vo. London, J. Eussell Smith, 
1843. 

Only 60 copies printed. 

The Somersetshire Dialect. By T. S. Baynes. In * The Taunton 

Courier and Western Advertiser,' January 30, 1856 ; and Supplement. 

A previous paper in the numher for Dec. 26, 1855. < 

The Somersetshire Dialect : its pronunciation. Two papers read 
before the Archaeological Society of Somersetshire. By T. Spenceb 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — STAFFORDSHIRE, SUFFOLK. 101 

. Batistes. Eeprinted, "witli permission, from tlie 'Tauntoii Courier' 
of Dec. 26, 1855, and Jan. 30, 1856. 12mo, pp. 50. London, 1861. 
Only 250 copies printed, for H. H. Prince L. L. Bonaparte. 

The Song of Solomon in the Somerset Dialect. By T. Spencer 
Baynes, LL.B. 16mo. [London, I860.] 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. the Prince L. L. Bonaparte. 

llustic Sketches ; being Ehymes and ' Skits ' on Angling and other 
subjects m one of the South-western Dialects; with a copious Glos- 
sary, and General Remarks on Country Talk. By G. P. E. Pulman-. 
Small 8vo, pp. 162. Third Edition. London, John EusseU Smith, 
1871. 

Ehymes in the West of England Dialect. By Agrikler. 1 2mo, pp. 
X. and 53. Bristol, Leech and Taylor, 1872. 

Second edition, enlarged. Also, Ehymes by Outis. 12mo, pp. 

X. and 94. Lb., 1872. 

The introduction contains some remarks on Somersetshire grammar. 

*A Glossary of Provincial Words and Phrases in use in Somerset- 
shire. By W. P. Williams, M.A., Vicar of Bishop's Hull, and the 
late W. A. Jones, M.A., P.G.S. With an Introduction by E. C. A. 
Prior, M.D. Printed for the Somersetshire Archaeological and 
Natural History Society. Demy 8vo, pp. xii. and 42. London, Long- 
mans ; Taunton, F. May ; 1873. 

To be re-edited, by the Rev. W. P. Williams, for the E. D. S. 

Staffordshire. — Knight's Quarterly Magazine, No. IL, 8vo, Lon- 
don, 1823, contains a short but excellent specimen of this dialect. 

In Mr Smith's Bibliographical List, 1839, was a notice that 'James Brough- 
ton, Esq., of Sutton Coldfield, in "Warwickshire, has a Glossary of this county 
ready for the press.' But it never appeared ; and nothing is now known of it. 
We may also note the Inventory of Edmond "Waring, of "Wolverhampton, 
1625, in the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, 29 April, 1875. 

Suffolk. — See also East Anglia. 

The History of Dunwich, Blithburgh, and Southwold. By Thomas 
Gardner. 4to. 1754. 

Contains a very few Suffolk words in the Glossary at the end. 

The History and Antiquities of Hawsted, in the county of Suffolk. 
By the Eev. Sir John Cullxtm, Bart., P.E. and A.S.S. 4to. London, 
1784. 

later edition. Lb., 1813. 

A List of * some words and expressions used in this place [Hawsted] and its 
neighbourhood' is given at pp. 170 — 174 of the edition of 1784; reprinted, 
without alteration, at pp. 199 — 204 of the edition of 1813. 

Suffolk Songster, or Ipswich Vocal Companion, a choice collection of 
English, Scotch, and Irish Songs. 18mo, sewed. Is. 6d, Ljpswich, 
1800. 

From a bookseller's Catalogue. "Whether it contains provincial words is 
uncertain. 

Eural Tales, Ballads, and Songs. By Eobert Bloomfield. 12mo. 
London, 1802. 



102 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

The Farmer's Boy. A Rural Poem. By Egbert Bloomfield. 
12mo. IK, 1805. 

Frequently reprinted ; together with other later poems. 

Selections from the Correspondence of Egbert Blggmfield, the Suf- 
folk Poet. Edited by W. H. Hart, P.S.A. 8vo, pp. 28. 

The Suffolk Garland : or, a collection of Poems, Songs, Tales, Bal- 
lads, Sonnets, and Elegies, .... relative to that County. 8vo, pp. 
XV. and 404. Ipswich, J. Eaw; London, Longman and Co., 1818. 
[The provincial words are not numerous ; there is no glossary, but a 
few words are explained.] 

Suffolk Garland ; or, a Collection of Poems, Songs, Tales, Ballads, 
Sonnets, and Elegies relative to that County. 8vo, hds. {Is. 6d.) 
Ipswich, 1828. 

New Suffolk Garland, a Miscellany of Anecdotes, Eomantic Ballads, 
Descriptive Poems and Songs, Historical and Biographical Notices 
relating to Suffolk, collected and edited by J. Glyde. (A Different 
Collection to the Foregoing.) 8yo,, cloth. (9s.) Ipswich, 1866. 

*Suffolk Words and Phrases, or an attempt to collect the lingual 
localisms of that county. By Edw. Moor, F.E.S., F.A.S., &c. 
12mo. Preface, pp. xix. ; Glossary, pp. 1 — 521 ; Addendum, &c., 
pp. 522—525. Woodhridge, pr. by J. Loder, for E. Hunter, 72, St 
jPaul's Churchyard, London; 1823. 

*Sea "Words and Phrases along the Suffolk Coast ; extracted from 
the East Anglian Notes and Queries, Jan. 1869. 8vo, pp. 17. 
Lowestoft, S. Tymms, 1869. 

Sea Words and Phrases, &c. No. II. ; extracted from the East 

Anglian Notes and Uueries, Jan. 1870. 8vo, pp. 12. Lowestoft, S. 
Tymms, 1870. 

Surrey. — * Natural History and Antiquities of the County of Sur- 
rey. By Jghn Aubrey. 5 vols. 8vo. London, 1819. 

In vol. v., at pp. 402, 403 is a list of 11 Surrey words. It will shortly be 
reprinted for the E. D. S. 

*0n some provincialisms of the county of Surrey. By J. M. 
Kemble. Phil. Soc. Trans. 1854, p. 83. 

*In Ngtes and Queries, 5th Series, vol. i. pp. 361, 434, 51 7^ was 
published a List of Surrey ProvinciaHsms, contributed by G. Leveson" 
Ggwer, Esq. This will be reprinted (with the author's permission) 
fortheED.S. 

Surrey and Sussex. — Old English Songs as now sung by the 
Peasantry of the Weald of Surrey and Sussex. [Collected by the 
Eevd. Mr Brgadwood.] Privately printed ; 1843. 

Sussex. — Tom Cladpole's Jurney to Lunnun, told by Himself, and 
written in pure Sussex doggerel by his uncle Tim. 12mo, pp. 22. 
Brighton, pr. by W. Leppard, 1831. 

The author was Mr Richard Lower, of Chiddingly. 



A. l.J COUNTY DIALECTS. — SUSSEX. 103 

T om Cladpole's Jurney to Lunnun. 24nio, pp. 38. The fifth 
thousand. Hailsham, S. Breads ; n. d. 

The seventh thousand. 12mo. Lewes, Harberd, 1849. 

^The eighth thousand. 12nio, pp. 32. Lewes, Farncombe, 1860. 

^Later Edition. 12mo, pp. 34. 1870. 

^New and improved edition. 12mo, pp. v. and 34. Lewes^ 

Farncombe & Co., 1872. 

Jan Cladpole's Trip to 'Merricur, giving an Account of the White, 
Black, and Yellor folks, what he met wud in his Travels in search for 
Dollar Trees, and how he got rich enough to beg his way home ! 
Written all in rhyme by his father, Tim Cladpole. 12mo. Mailsham, 
S. Breads ; n. d. 

^New edition. 12mo, pp. 32, 1860. 

^New and improved edition. 12mo, pp. iv. and 32. Lewes, Farn- 
combe & Co., 1872. 

Stray Leaves from an Old Tree : selections from the Scribblings of 
an octogenarian (Richard Lower, of Chiddingly, Sussex). Sm. 8vo, 
Lewes, G. P. Bacon, 1862. 

Contains three poems in the Sussex dialect with a running glossary ; pp. 
119-190. 

Stray Leaves from, an Old Tree. By E. Lower, of Chiddingly, 
Sussex. 8vo, pp. vi. and 190. Lewes, G. P. Bacon, 1862. 

Contains — Tom Cladpole's Jurney to Lunnun, and Jan Cladpole's Trip to 
'Merricur, both in Sussex dialect, pp. 119 — 185; also a Glossary, pp. 187 — 
190. 

A Glossary of the Provincialisms in use in the County of Sussex, 
Bj William Durrant Cooper. Post 8vo, pp. 34. Printed for 
private distribution by W. Fleet, Herald Office, Brighton, 1836. 

* Second edition. 12mo, pp. 87. London, J. R. Smith, 1853, 

The second edition is a great improvement upon the first. 

Sussex Garland ; a Collection of Ballads, Sonnets, Tales, Elegies, 
Songs, Epitaphs, &c., illustrative of the county of Sussex; with His- 
torical, Biographical, and Descriptive Notices. By James TAYiiOK. 
Post 8vo. London, J. E. Smith, 1851. 

The Song of Solomon in the Dialect of Sussex. By Mark An- 
thony Lower, M.A., F.S.A. [^London,'] 1860. 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. L. Bonaparte. 

*A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect, and Collection of Provincial- 
isms in use in the County of Sussex. By Eev. W. D. Parish, Vicar 
of Selmeston, Sussex. Demy 8vo, pp. 10 and 148. Lewes, Farn- 
combe and Co., 1875. 

Issued to subscribers to the E. D. S. for the year 1874. 

Nooks and Corners of Old Sussex, containing choice examples of 
Sussex Archaeology. Profusely illustrated. Eoyal 4to, pp. 160. By 
Eev. P. DE PuTRON, M.A. Lewes, Farncombe & Co., 1875. 
Only 500 copies printed. 

Old Speech and Manners in Sussex. An article by M. A. Lower ; 
Sussex Archaeological Collections, vol. xiii. 



104 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Warwickshire. — A Letter : whearin part of the Entertainment vntoo 
the Queenz Maiesty at KilHngworth Castl, in Warwick Sheer, in this 
Soomerz Progress 1575, iz signified. By Egbert Laneham. 16mo, 
pp. 87. [1575.] 

Two different editions are in tlie Bodleian Library, without printer's name or 
date. 

With a few notes by J. Or. 8vo. WarwicJe, 1784. 

■ Post 8vo. London, Bum, 1821. 

It is also to be found in Nichols's Progresses of Q,. Elizabeth, voL 
. i., and in * Kenilworth Illustrated.' 

*Shakespere : his birthplace and its neighbourhood. By John R. 
Wise. Crown 8vo, pp. 164. London, Smith, Elder, & Co., 1861. 

Chapter XII. is on the Provincialisms of Shakspere, and at pp. 149 — 168 is 
* a Glossary of "Words still used in Warwickshire to be found in Shakspere.' 

In Mr Smith's BibHographical List it was announced that a Glossary 
of Warwickshire words was being prepared by the Eev. E. Garnett. 
This was probably never completed, and his son, E. Garnett, Esq., has 
never been able to find any trace of it. 

' Some Warwickshire words have been contributed to the E. D. S. by 
Mrs Francis. 

Westmoreland. — The dialect literature of Westmoreland is not 
extensive, but that of Cumberland circulates largely in, at least, the 
Barony, or, as it is frequently called, The Bottom, of Westmoreland. 

Though the works are not numerous, the different localities are well 
represented. ' William de Worfat,' and Mrs Wheeler's works, are 
admirable specimens of the dialect of the southern border where it 
joins Lancashire. 'The Appleby Boys' School Speech,' and the 
wbrks of the Rev. Thomas Clarke, embody that of the district round 
Appleby, and the eastern side of the county. * The Lamentation ' is 
a rich specimen of the speech of the northern part where it touches 
Cumberland ; whilst Betty Yewdale's narrative of the ' Terrible 
Knitters e' Dent,' written in that of Langdale and the western border 
of the county, has attained, as it merits, more than a local circulation 
through its publication in the widely-read pages of * The Doctor.' 

Minute dlfi'erences of expression between adjacent localities are 
appreciable. I have heard an old inhabitant of Grasmere declare 
that he could detect by his speech a native of Wythburn, and these 
valleys are not more than six miles apart. — ^W. Jackson. 

ABranN'ew Wark. By William De Worfat. Containing a true Calen- 
dar of his thoughts concerning Good Nebberhood. Naw first printed 
fra his MS. for the use of the hamlet of Woodland. 12mo, only 60 
copies printed, pp. 42, with two pages of Glossary. Kendal, 1785. 
The first title is ' A Plain Address, written in the Provincial Dialect of the 
Barony of Kendal,' under which title it is quoted in Boucher's Glossary. A 
copy was in Heber's collection (which was formerly Boucher's) ; another is 
among the Philological works given by W. Marsden, Esq., to the library of 
^ King's College, London ; a third is in the possession of the compiler for this 
county. The author was. the Rev. Wm. Hutton, Rector of Beetham from 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— -WESTMORELAND. 10.5 

1762 to 1811, and the head of a very ancient family seated at Overthwaite 
in that parish. The word "Worfat, as we learn from 'The Prologue,' is a 
corruption of Overthwaite. 

The Westmoreland Dialect, in three Familiar Dialogues, in which an 
attempt is made to illustrate the Provincial Idiom. By A[]srN] 
W[heeleii]. 12mo, pp. 115. London; Kendal, 3. Eichardson, 1790. 

Second edition. In which a Fourth Dialogue is added. 12mo. 

London, W. J. and J. Eichardson ; Kendal, M. Branthwaite, 1802. 
Contents, pp. x. ; Dialogues and Song, pp. 119; with Glossary of 800 
words, pp. 8. 

The Westmoreland Dialect, with the adjacency of Lancashire and 
Yorkshire, in four Familiar Dialogues; in which an attempt is 
made to illustrate the Provincial Idiom. The Third edition. By A. 
Wheeler. 12mo. Kendal: M. and E. Branthwaite. London: J. 
Eichardson. 1821. Prefa'fcory, &c., pp. x. ; Dialogues, &c., pp. 120. 
Frontispiece, The Arnside Wedding. The Kirby Feight, The Appleby 
Schoolboy's Speech, The Brigsteer Peat-Loader's Speech, and Brigsteer 
Johnny, are all included in this, in addition to the Dialogues men- 
tioned in the title. The Borrowdale Letter and Eelph's ' Harvest ' 
are also appended, pp. 12 ; and Addenda of a description of Kendal, 

. pp. 12. 

Note. — Some copies bear the name of J. Bobinson, of Kendal, who merely 
issued them with a new cover. 

^Dialogues, Poems, Songs, and Ballads, by various writers, in the 
Westmoreland and Cumberland dialects, now first collected, to which 
is added a copious Glossary of words peculiar to those counties. Post 
8vo, pp. xii. and 403. London, J. E. Smith, 1839. 

Contents. One section in the Westm. dialect, viz., Mrs Anne "Wheeler's 
Four Dialogues, with Poems, &c., comprising exactly the same pieces as those 
enumerated in the foregoing volume ; and eight sections in the Cumb. dialect, 
viz., I. Poems and Pastorals, by the Rev. Josiah Eelph ; II. Pastorals, by 
Ewan Clark ; III. Copy of a Letter wrote by a young Shepherd to his friend 
in Borrowdale, &c., by Isaac Ritson ; IV. John Stagg's Poems ; V. Th' Up- 
shot, a Poem ; by Mark Lonsdale ; VI. Selection of Ballads and Songs, by 
Robert Anderson (including some never before printed) ; VII. Songs by Miss 
Gilpin and Miss Blamire, now first printed ; VIII. Selection from the Songs 
of John Rayson. At the end is a Copious Glossary of Words peculiar to Cum- 
berland and Westmoreland ; pp. 321 — 103. 

The Westmoreland Dialect, in four familiar Dialogues, in which an 
attempt is made to illustrate the provincial idiom. By Mrs Ajstn 
Wheeler. A new edition, to which is added a Copious Glossary of 
Westmoreland and Cumberland Words. Sm. 8vo. London, J. Eus- 
BeU Smith, 1840. 

A Companion by the Way ; or, a Guide to the Lakes in Cumberland, 

Westmorland, and Lancashire. From a late Survey. 12mo, pp. 116. 

Penrith ; pr. by M. Harrison, for Longman and Co., London, 1812. 

A poem called A Lamentation is given as a specimen of the Cumberland 

Dialect, pp. 97 — 104. It was written by Thomas "Wilkinson, of Yanwath, in 

"Westmoreland, just within the border of the county. 

2nd edition. Containing the same poem. 

3rd edition. 12mo, pp. 116. Penrith, J. Shaw, 1830. Containing 

. the same poem. 



106 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

The Manners and Customs of Westmoreland, and the adjoining 
parts of Cumberland, Lancashire, and Yorkshire. By a literary- 
antiquarian [John Gotjgh]. To which is added, Lines from a Poem 
entitled ' Westmeria/ 2nd ed. 12mo, pp. 48. Kendal, J. Hudson, 
1847. 

The provincialisms noticed are very few. The first edition is dated Kendal, 
1827. The author was John Gough, Esq., of Middleshaw, near Kendal; and 
the work first appeared in parts, in the "Westmoreland Advertiser, April 18 to 
July 4, 1812. 

The Doctor. [By Robert Southey.] Vol. 7, post 8vo. London^ 
1847. (See pp. 78—94.) 

1 vol, 8vo. Ih., 1848 ; later ed. 1853. 

Contains * T' Terrible Knitters e' Dent.' The work appeared anonymously. 
The story was told by Betty Yewdale of the Hacket, in Little Langdale, to 
Miss Sarah Hutchinson and Mrs Warter. 

The Folk Speech of Cumberland and some districts adjacent. By 
Alex. Ckaig Gibson-. (For fuU title see Cumberland List, pp. 40, 41. 
It contains another dialect narrative taken from the lips of Betty 
Yewdale, with some account of her at pp. 82 — 88.) 

T' Election at Appleby. By Danial Dobbin. A single sheet. 1854. 

T' "Westmorland 'Sizes ; Appleby agen Kendal. By Mabdale Fell 
Heed. A single sheet. Appleby, n. d. 

The Song of Solomon in the Westmorland Dialect. By the Rev. 
John Eichabdson, M.A., Head Master of Appleby School. [Zowt^ow, 
1858.] 

Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. Lncien Bonaparte. 

Legends of Westmorland : and other Poems : with IN'otes. By 
Anthony Whitehead, Eeagill. Small 8vo, pp. 48. Applehy; 
Printed by William Barnes, 1859. 

Tommy Woker's Account of ' T' Reysh Beearin,' red ta sum Kendal 
fwoak Jeny. 20, 1863, by the Eev. Thos. Clabke. 12mo. Kendal, 
T. Atkinson, 1863. 

This piece first appeared in the Westmoreland Gazette, Jan. 20, 1862 
(1863 ?) ; and has been often reprinted. See below. 

Specimens of the Westmorland dialect. By the Eev. Thos. Clarke. 
Eeprinted from * the Westmorland Gazette.' Also, T' Terrible Knit- 
ters e' Dent; by Eobt. Southey. Eeprinted from 'The Doctor.* 
Pp. 24. Kendal, T. Atkinson, 1865. 

■ Another ed. 12mo. lb., Atkinson and Pollitt, 1867. 

Specimens of the Westmorland Dialect : consisting of T' Eeysh 
Bearin, and Jonny Shippard's Journa ta Lunnan. By the Eev. 
Thomas Clarke. Eeprinted from the Westmorland Gazette (Jan. 
1863). Jimmy Green at Brough Hill Fair. By W. Bowness. From a 
series of Sketches in the Westmorland Dialect. Also, T' Terrible 
Knitters e' Dent. By Egbert Sotjthey. Eeprinted, by permission, 
from The Doctor. 12mo, pp. 32. Kendal, Atkinson and Pollitt, 1868. 

*Specimens of the Westmorland Dialect. By the Eev. Thos. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — WESTMORELAND. 107 

Clarke, Eector of Ormside ; William Bowiojss, Esq. ; and Egbert 
SoTJTHEY, Esq., LL.D. 12iiio, pp. 52. Kendal, Atkinson and Pol- 
litt, 1872. 

Contents. — T' Eeysh Beearin. — Jonny Shippard's Jurna ta Lunnan. — Jonny 
Shippard et Heeam. — Jimmy Green at Brough Hill Fair. — T' Terrible Knit- 
ters e' Dent. The three first are by Clarke, the fourth by Bowness, and the 
last by Southey. 

The Lonsdale Magazine. Edited by John Briggs. 3 vols, 8vo. 
Published at Kirkby Lonsdale and Kendal, 1820 — 1822 ; contains a 
few specimens of Cumberland and Westmoreland dialects. 

Quarterly Eeview. 8vo. London, John Murray. Vol. 122, pp. 
347 — 381, contains an Article on Westmorland, in which some remarks 
are made on the dialect. 

Rustic Studies, in the Westmorland Dialect ; with other Scraps from 

the Sketch Book of An Artist. [By W. Bowness.] 12mo. Lon^ 

don, Whittaker & Co. Kendal, J. Wilson, 1868. Introduction and 

Contents, pp. ix.; Eustic Studies, pp. 1 — 87 ; Scraps, &c., pp. 88 — 145. 

Most of the dialect pieces originally appeared in the Kendal Mercury. 

A MS. Glossary of l!^orth-Country Words. By the Eev. John 
Hodgson, Vicar of Hartburn, a native of Swindale, Westmorland, 
and ' The Historian of Northumberland.' 

* I cannot refrain from expressing an opinion, that the publication of this 
volume by a judicious hand, imperfect though it be, would be well received, 
especially in the northern counties of England. It affords much curious local 
information in illustration of the words which it contains, and is something of 
a very different character from any compilation of a similar kind with which I 
am acquainted.' — Life of John Hodgson, by the Rev. Jas. Eaine, Sen. ; vol. 
ii. p. 442. 

*Note. — See also the List for TorTcshire, under the title of • "West Eiding, 
North-west border.' 

Wiltshire. — Chronicon Vilodunense, sive de Vita et Miraculis 
Sanctse Edithse Eegis Edgari Filise ; Carmen Vetus Anglicum; e 
codice unico Cottoniano in Museo Britannico asservato nunc demum 
in lucem editum, cura Gulielmi Henrici Black, sumptibus Eicardi 
Colt Hoare. Londoni, typis Nicholsianis ; centum exemplaria im- 
pressa, mdcccxxx. 

A Poem in the Old Wiltshire dialect, supposed .to have been written about 
1420 by one of the chaplains of Wilton Abbey. See the Editor's Preface and 
Glossarial Notes. 

Specimens of the provincial dialect of South Wiltshire; in the 
Monthly Magazine, Sept. 1, 1814; p. 114. 

Beauties of Wiltshire. By John Britton, F.S.A., &c. Vol. iii. 
(published separately from the two first). London, 1825. 

Contains, at pp. 369 — 380, a List of the Provincial Words of Wiltshire and 
the adjoining counties. 

*A Glossary of Provincial Words and Phrases in use in Wiltshire. 
By John Yonge Akerman. 12mo, pp. x. and 60. London, J. E. 
Smith, 1842. 



108 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1, 

Springtide; or the Angler and his Friends. By John Yongb 
Akerman. 12mo, pp. xv. and 192. London, Bentley, 1850. 

These Dialogues incidentally illustrate the Dialect of the "West of England,- 
especially of Wiltshire. 

Wiltshire Tales ; illustrative of the Manners, Customs, and Dialect 
of that and adjoining Counties. By J. Y. Akerman. 12nio, pp. vi. 
and 179. London^ J. E. Smith, 1853. 

A short Letter written by ' A Poor Wurken Man ' appeared in the 
Devizes Advertizer of July 19, 1860 ; dated from * Eotn Ro, Vizes 
Green, 16 July.' 24 copies of it were reprinted by H. H. Prince L. 
Lucien Bonaparte. It occupies only 1 page. 

The Song of Solomon in the Wiltshire Dialect, as it is spoken in 
the Northern Division. By Edward Kite. [London, 1861.] 
Only 250 copies printed for H. H. Prince L. Lucien Bonaparte. 

Worcestershire. — The British, Eoman, and Saxon Antiquities and 
Folk-Lore of Worcestershire. By Jabez Allies. 2nd ed., 8vo, pp. 
xvi. and 496. London, J. H. Parker ; Worcester, J. Grainger, 1852. , 
The Folk-lore occupies pp. 409—470. 

Kotes and Queries for Worcestershire. By John Noake. Post 
8vo, pp. xxiii. and 329. London, Longmans, 1856. 
Has a few remarks on Folk-lore. 

Notes of quaint Words and Sayings in the Dialect of S. Worcester 
shire. By A Poeson, M.A. Price 6d. London, Parker, 1875. 



Yorkshire.^ — The following list of works illustrating the various 
dialects of Yorkshire (commencing on p. 109) was compiled by Mr 
C. C. Eobinson, who has also added some remarks on the dialectal 
literature of the county. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. 109 



YORKSHIRE. 



NOTE ON THE DIALECTAL LITERATURE OF THE COUNTY. 
BY Mr C. C. ROBINSON. 

Considerable as a list may appear^ there is really but a small 
stock of dialectal literature pertainiug to the county. That 
which has been done, of recent years, in the way of opening out 
the resources of localities, rich in their old and varying forms of 
speech, has had a certain effect, as seen in the springing up of 
those annual publications for which * almanac ' is a convenient 
name. Yet the printers have never been inclined to favour this 
local speech as a medium of popular sentiment. What is, in 
varied character, wealth to the antiquary, means but poverty to 
the country tradesman. It is not to be wondered at that, in respect 
to this form of dialect literature, the neighbouring county of Lan- 
caster offers a marked contrast. There, the manufacturing people 
are most, and have not been dropped among the fastnesses of hills 
to become isolated populations, as they of south-west Yorkshire 
have. Lancashire is, too, dependent, as Yorkshire is not, on one 
staple article of manufacture for her prosperity. Want must 
pinch, and hard times come about the soonest to such an aggregate 
population, and, quite as naturally, must a homely dialect be made 
the vehicle of sentiment among so many. In prose literature 
there is but little in any Yorkshire phase, apart from what these 
almanacs contain, which is, as a rule, any il-spelt absurdity that 
will cover space. But what little there is may be regarded as having 
a peculiar value. The written speech of Yorkshire has not worn 
itself into any groove, as has come to pass in the bordering county, 
(and it may be assumed that there are points of difference even 
with regard to south Lancashire dialect), and in most of these 
fugitive local publications the varying phase of the vernacular is 
perceptible at a glance. It even now and then occurs that the 
refined and vulgar forms of one phase of dialect are rendered so 
distinctly by respective writers, that a person who was unfamiliar 
with the spoken speech would not know the illustrative purpose of 
the one composition to be identical with that of the other. 

It may serve a useful purpose to complete the list as far as 
possible by noting, in this place, the various old and better known 
compositions which are local in their language. Relative to some 
of these, a few remarks have been ventured in referring them 
more strictly than has yet been done to their localities. In con- 



110 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

eluding, it has seemed well to give the titles of the various 
stock pieces which have had so long a period of circulation. The 
less important, but the most in number, of these meritable com- 
positions cannot now have their authorship traced, so long have 
they been neglected. 

To note first, then, the literary relics of Northumbrian Anglo- 
Saxon which are of recognised local character. Neither in the 
Durham G-ospels or Bitual is a phase of dialect apparent ; nor is 
there now any local character in that of the Mushworih Glosses 
(St Mark, Luke, and John), which, dating from the end of the 
ninth century, were written at Harewood, a village about eight 
miles north of Leeds. Nor can the ButJiwell Bunes be appre- 
ciated at a glance. There is but one line of the Beda to catch 
the eye, and 

* ^fter deothdaege 

does so at once. The North-riding form would be Efter 
deothdde, all the vowels being heard in the last compound. In 
GLOSsio [Ef't^ur di'h'thde'h'] , palaeotype (Eft'of d^**''thdee'). 
The dialect of Chaucer's Aleyn and JoJian, of Langstrothdale, 
is of the same rural type, but of a much more noticeable cha- 
racter. I can only note the existence of the Harleian MSS., 
1022 and 5396, in which authorities recognise our northern 
dialect. In the metrical translation of G-rosthead's Chasteau 
d^ Amour, entitled * The Myrour of lewed men,' (small 4to, vellum, 
pp. 53, 15th cent.,— MS. Egerton 927), by a * Munk of Sallay,' 
there is broad Yorkshire dialect, of a distinct character — that 
now spoken in the rural west (immediately north-west of Leeds), 
Among the Thornton MSS., the various miscellaneous treatises 
of BoUe (date about 1440) have their dialect in this same 
phase of the rural west. The dialect of Doncaster, in the south- 
west, the place associated with the name of this writer, has now 
every point of difi'erence, not being distinguishable from the 
Leeds dialect in pronunciation. The dialect of the old plays, 
known as the Towneley Mysteries, dating from the 15th cent- 
ury, is in some contrast with that of Bolle. His is of the 
existing pure rural type, but that of the Mysteries has a weighty 
element of town forms. It is true that these are none of the 
broadest, but at the same time it occurs to one that broad forms 
may have been naturally suppressed, in the way they would be 
now if it was necessary to make a literary medium of the dialect. 
It is no argument (may I venture to add), that because old writers 
employ the rural type broadly, town- dialect would be employed 
after the same manner j for it needs but some familiarity with the 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — ^YORKSHIRE. Ill 

genius of this phase to be assured that various elements of pro- 
nunciation have only acquired character adventitiously, and do not 
establish their nature by right. There is this to say, in support of 
the generally recognised claim of Wakefield to be regarded as the 
locality of the Mysteries, that, in a south-easterly direction from 
this town, the phase of dialect which has travelled from Leeds 
thence loses idiom, and assumes a milder form. To be set against 
this feature, however, is the circumstance that many of the rural 
forms which the Mysteries preserve are now lost to the district, 
though they still exist not far away. But the proximity of the 
great towns may account for this loss, by their having created a 
shifting rural population. When I say that a phase of dialect 
suffers a loss of idiom in the geographical direction indicated, 
I may be referred to the idiomatic phraseology of these 
plays ; but though this feature does exist in amusing force 
to a Yorkshire ear, yet it will be seen that, according to its 
nature, a little of it goes a great way in effect. In ' The Eelon 
Sewe of Eokebye, and the Freeres of E-ichmonde,' temp. Henry 
VII., there are mixed pronunciations which are now not met with, 
in force, away from Nidderdale and Craven. A reprint of this 
poem, in 12mo, pp. 34, was published at Skipton in 1872, after 
collation with the text of former writers, but with the announce- 
ment in the introductory part, that ' the orthography has also been 
rendered tolerably uniform.' 

It is impossible to note and pass over with a mere abstract of 
title such an important contribution to dialectal literature as Mr 
Halliwell's Yorkshire Anthology. The dialect pieces in this pub- 
lication are : — 

The Dialogue from The 'Register Office^ 

Richard and Betty at Hickleton Fair, 

The Bellman of Bipon. 

Awd Daisy. 

The Fair. (' Te loit'ring minnits faster flee.' ) 

Song. (' When I was a wee little tottering bairn.' ) 

Letter. (Signed ' dickey J — s — n.') 

The Yorkshire Tike. 

The Dialogue, &c., appended to The Braise of Yorkshire Ale, 
These are well-known stock pieces. 

There are also the following : 

Snaith Marsh. A Yorkshire Pastoral, written in 1754. 
The charm about this piece consists in its being but partially in 
the Dialect ; this being employed only where, in peasant conver- 
sation, it would flow naturally, and in force. 



112 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

DicJc and the Devil. 
An old ballad in the dialect of the North Eiding. 

The Twea Threshers. 1842. 
In the Malfcon Dialect. 

There are also these rarities : 

* The Mystery of the Disbelief ofThomas ; acted at York ac- 
cording to Drake, before the year 1415. It was the sixth part of - 
the Pageant acted by Scriveners, Limners, Questors, and Dubbors.' 
This is a true "West-riding poem, and bears the greatest 
resemblance to that old village phase of dialect (heard at Aber- 
fordj Barwick, the G-arforths, Barnbow, Scholes, Thorner, and 
other adjacent places) which is the pure form of that of Leeds. 
An analysis of this poem shows that words belonging to the town 
phase of dialect indicated exist in the proportion of nearly four to 
one as compared with those referable to northern or rural dialect. 

*An ancient poem on the Trinity , written in Yorkshire. 
(From a MS. of the 14th century.) ' 

Dialect is but meagrely represented in this poem, but, such as it 
is, is only heard in the West Eiding. 

* A very ancient religious poem on the Trinity. In the York- 
shire Dialect. (From a curious MS. of the early part of the 14th 
century, probably of the time of Edward III.) ' 

This fine and lengthy specimen (23 pp.) is as distinctly rural 
in character as the Mystery is of the town. It cannot, however, 
be referred to North Yorkshire, but to the Central rural part. 

We now come to the Stock Specimens, in general circulation. 
The size of these reprints is usually 12mo. 

1. The Register Office scene, with the characters of Margery 
MooRPOUT, and Q-ulwell, pp. 4i, prose. This was taken from the 
Farce so entitled, which was acted at Drury Lane in 1761, and 
published the same year in London. It appeared in print again 
in London in 1771 ; and both were 8vo editions. The author, 
Joseph Eeed, was born at Stockton-on-Tees, in 1722, and died in 
1787. 

2. Meyy on the Death of a Frog, pp. 2, verse ; the Sweeper 
and Thieves, pp. IJ, verse ; and the PocJcet-Boolcs, a Dialogue, pp. 
IJ, verse. These were written by David Lewis, of Knaresbro', a 
* poor gardener ' by profession. The two first were afterwards 
reprinted in ' The Landscape, and other Poems,' post 8vo, pp. 
100 ; YorTc, 1815, by the same author. The last-mentioned com- 
position is presumably of a later date. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. -IIS 

3. The Dialogues, The Invasion, pp. 2, verse ; and Awd I>aisy, 
pp. 2, verse. These were taken from a small 8vo. volume of 

* Poems on Several Occasions,' pp. about 200, by the E-ev. 
Thomas Browne. He was the son of the Eev. Thomas Browne 
of Lastingham, near Kirkby Moorside, where he was born (in 
1771), and received all his impressions of rural speech. He died 
at Hull, in 1798. 

4. Richard and Betty at HicJcleton Fair, pp. 2, prose. Was 
acted by Mr G-eorge Butler, in the character of a Country Grirl, at 
the ' Theatre B-oyal,' E-ipon, April 18th, 1812, being his benefit ; 
and at the Theatre Eoyal, Drury Lane, in 1819, with ' Universal 
Applause.* 

5. The Yorkshire Tike, 1 page, verse. Another, but not so 
well-known a title is, The Honest Yorkshireman. It is taken 
from a play of Henry Carey's, entitled, ' A Wonder, or An 
Honest Yorkshireman,' printed in 8vo., at London, in 1736. A 
second edition in 12mo. followed during the same year. 

6. The Yorkshire Horse-Dealers, 1 page, verse. This exists as 
a broadside, too, but is rarely to be met with ; and the chorus of 

* Derry down ' is appended at times. It is in the dialect of Lower 
Craven. 

7. The Fair, pp. IJ, verse, beginning, 'Ye loitering minnits 
faster flee.' From ' A Grarland of New Songs,' without printer's 
name, or date. 

8. A Cock and Bull Story, pp. IJ, prose dialogue. 

9. The Hireing, pp. IJ, rhyming dialogue. 

10. The Bipon Bellman's Cry, A short prose paragraph. 

11. A Dialogue on the present Indecent Mode of Dress, "p-p. 3, 
verse. 

12. Darly and Joan and their Daughter Nell^ pp. 2, rhyming 
dialogue. 

13. Address to Biches, pp. IJ, verse. 

14. Address to Boverty, pp. IJ, verse. 

15. The Bace, 1 page, verse. 

16. Song, 1 page, beginning, ' When Ah wor a wee lahtle 
tottering bairn.' 

17. Letter, from a 'Chief Constable,' 1 page,^ros^. 

18. Letter, signed, ' dickey J — s — n,' j page, prose. 

This letter is vouched for by the publisher of the 1825 Garland, 
(noted in the list, near the top of p. 118) — E. Langdale, of 
Northallerton, who states that the original was then in his pos- 
session. There were three brothers of this name, who were, 
respectively, at that time in the book-selling business, at North- 
allerton, Bipon, and Knarresbro'. 

8 



114 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. , [A. 1. 

Lastly. To all these reprints is appended a glossary of IJ 
pages, containing about 150 words, all told 



The following publications are arranged according to locality^ author^ and 
date. "Where this rule is not apparent, the placing has heen in accordance with the 
phase of dialect indicated. 

The works of a general character are at the beginning. 

In the case of the * almanac * publications, it is to be understood, that though a 
date has only reference to a first issue, the publication is still continued, unless there 
is a note to the contrary. 

GENERAL GLOSSARIES. 

An Etymological Collection of English Words and Provincial Ex- 
pressions, known as ' Bishop Kennet's Glossary,' with Additions, by 
Dr Hickes. [MS. Landsowne, 1033.] 
Contains Yorkshire words. 

A General Dictionary of Provincialisms, written with a view to 
rescue from oblivion the fast-fading relics of by-gone days. By Wm 
HoLLOWAY. 8vo, pp. 194. London : 1838. 

Nothing more shallow has been written than what is contained in the intro- 
ductory pages of this volume. 

A Glossary of IS'orth Country Words, with their etymology, and 
affinity to other Languages, &c. By John Trotter Brockett, 
F.S.A. 3rd ed. corrected and enlarged. By W. E. Brockett. 
2 vols, 8vo, pp. 254 and 242. Newcastle : 1846. 

A great proportion of these volumes consists of Yorkshire words. 

A Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial English, containing Words 
from the English Writers previous to the nineteenth century which 
are no longer in use, or are not used in the same sense. And Words 
which are now used only in the Provincial Dialects. By Thomas 
Wright, F.S.A., «S:c. 12mo, 2 vols, pp. 498 and 549, double columns. 
London: 1857. 

Contains additional communicated Yorkshire words. 

A Glossary of Archaic and Provincial Words, Obsolete Phrases, 
Proverbs, and Ancient Customs, from the Eourteenth Century. By 
James Orchard Halliwell, F.E.S., F.S.A. Seventh edition. 8vo, 
2 vols, pp. 516 and 480, double columns. London : 1872. 

In addition to collected resources, contains lists of Yorkshire words furnished 
privately. 

A Glossary of Words employed in" a sense opposed to modern usage. 
Collected in various parts of Yorkshire, by C. C. Eobinson'. 

In this MS. work such words as have a markedly peculiar pronunciation in 
dialect are rendered in Glossic. 

GENERAL SPECIMENS. 

The Yorkshire Anthology, a Collection of Ancient and Modern 
Ballads, Poems, and Songs, relating to the County of Yorkshire. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. 115 

Collected by J. O. Halliwell, F.R.S., &c. 4to, pp. 404. London: 
1851. Printed for private circulation. 

A proportion of these consists of dialect pieces, and includes great rarities. ■ 

Ancient Poems, Ballads, and Songs of the Peasantry of England. 
Taken down from Oral Eecitation, and Transcribed from private MSS., 
rare broadsides, and scarce publications. Forming a volume of the 
Annotated Edition of the English Poets. Ed. by Eobt. Bell. 12mo, 
pp. 252. London : 1859. 

The vohime is an amended and greatly enlarged edition of that issued by the 
Percy Society, in 1846, under the care of Dr J. H. Dixon, who is also responsible 
for this volume. Yorkshire dialect is but represented by three compositions — 
• Harry's Courtship,' the ' fragment of the * Hagmena ' song, and the * Felon 
Sewe.* 

The Ballads and Songs of Yorkshire, transcribed from private MSS., 
rare broadsides, and scarce publications ; with Notes and a Glossary. 
By 0. J. D. Ingledew, Ph.D. 12mo, pp. 319 (Glossary 3 pages). 
London: 1860. 

The Dialect pieces are * Robin Hood and Guy of Gisborne,' * The Felon 
Sew,' ' Dolly Dugging,' the * Hagmena song,' and twelve other compositions, 
which are either well-known stock pieces, or very modern ones. 

Country Ballads, Preserved by Tradition, and never before Printed. 
12mo, pp. 31. Pateley- Bridge : 1869. 

These compositions, chiefly modern, number eight, of which two are in the 
Dialect of the rural north. They were collected by Mr Wm Grainge, of Harro- 
gate. 

A Garland of Poetry, By Yorkshire Authors. Collected by Abra- 
ham Holroyd. Foolscap 8vo, pp. 208. Saltaire : 1873. 
Contains 17 poems, in the dialects of various parts of Yorkshire. 

Quarterly Review. The number for February, 1836, Vol. LY., 
contains an article (pp. 354 — 387) on " Enghsh Dialects." By the 
late Revd. Eichaed Garnett, of the British Museum. 

The Yorkshire Dialect, with illustrative reminiscences of old York- 
shire life and manners. By the Eevd. Thomas Jackson, Prebendary 
of St Paul's. 

A paper read in connection with the Leeds Philosophical and Literary 
Society, on the evenings of Nov. 19 and 21, 1867. Most of the matter haa 
appeared in numbers of the * Churchman's Family Magazine.' At least one 
story — that of the miner and bull-pup— has done duty as original matter in all 
the dialects of the north of England, being adopted and adapted by successive 
local writers. 

Yorkshire Life and Character. 

In an article, with this title, which appeared in the 'Temple Bar' Magazine, 
March, 1868, are some remarks on the Yorkshire Dialects, with appended dia- 
lect advertisements, the first of their kind. By the Author of ' Dialect of Leeds.' 

Testamenta Eboracensia. A Selection of Wills from the Registry at 
York. Published by the Surtees Society. 8vo. Durham. 

In this series, commencing with the 2nd volume, published in 1855, are many 
documents containing old words yet in use. 

Rural Economy in Yorkshire in 1641. Being the Farming and 
Account Books of Henry Best, of Elmswell, in the East Riding of the 



116 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

' County of York. Publislied for tlie Surtees Society. 8vo, pp. 187. 
Durham : 1857. 

Published also by Whitaker, of London, in tlie same year. Contains many 
old words, and a Glossary of 8 pages, double columns. 

Some Observations made by Mr Francis Brokesby, concerning the 
Dialect and various pronunciation of Words in the East Riding of 
Yorkshire. 

In Eay's English "Words, pp. 170-3 ; in the Edition of 1691. (Reprinted 
for the E. D. S. in the Introduction to Gloss. B. 15, pp. 7, 8.) 

Early English Pronunciation. Ey Alexander J. Ellis, E.R.S. 
Published for the Philological, Early English Text, and Chaucei 
Societies. In Part IV., dated London, 1874, pp. 1400 — 1405, there is 
a Halifax Version of the Parable of the Prodigal Son in Paleeotype, 
with explanatory notes by 0. 0. Eobinson. 

In part V. of this work, which will appear in 1876, and will be devoted to a 
study of English dialectal speech, and especially pronunciation, throughout the 
country, comparative examples will be given of all existing Yorkshire phases, 
more than 20 in number, principally prepared by C. C. Robinson, and all 
printed in strictly phonetic Pala^otype. These specimens of Yorkshire phases, 
reprinted in Glossic, with a prepared Essay on the Yorkshire Dialects, will 
form the basis of a separate publication, with Appendices containing ReprintSy 
6[C.t of the best compositions illustrative of Yorkshire dialect ; A Collection 
of Idiomatic Words and Phrases peculiar to the County ; A restricted Collection 
of Yorkshire Froverbial Sayings ; and Remarks on the Wesi-Riding version of 
the " Song of Solomon," as rendered in the Barnsley dialect. 

T' Yorkshur Alminac, written accoarding tea nater, e plain English, 
• without Grammar, or onny mak o' beak laming. By Nathanlel 
Nettlenase. 12mo, pp. 72. Leeds : 1861. 

The publication ended with the issue of a following year's number. In the 
Dialect of the North Riding, and written by the publisher, Mr David Green, 
then of Leeds, 

Old Harry's a rare Strong Chap. Street broadside. 

In what is meant for the Dialect of the central rural population. There are 

several versions of this song, with occasionally a different heading — as, ' A 

. Country Lad's visit to Leeds,' and, with this title, some have * fifty years ago.* 

West Riding : Otley to Tadcaster. 

T' Country Chap, or T' Yorkshar Plewboy. A Poem, in his own 
Dialect. (By Me, Wm Todd.) 18mo, pp. 22. Heckmondwike : 1856. 
In the Dialect of the rural west. 

The Factory System, or Prank Hawthorn's Visit to his Cousin, Jemmy 
Cropper, of Leeds. 12mo, pp. 12. Leeds : 1831. 

A dialogue, introducing the Dialect of the rural west, and that of Leeds, but 
" in a loose, faulty manner. 

The Yorkshire Comet. 1844. 

A monthly publication, in the Dialect of the rural west, It was printed at 
Otley, but discontinued after the issue of the seventh number. Mr Halliwell 
gives copious extracts from its pages in the Introduction to his Glossary. 

A Glossary of Words used in the Dialect of Mid- Yorkshire ; in- 
. eluding a Collection of Words heard in Lower Nidderdale. To which 



A. l.J COUNTY DIALECTS. — YORKSHIRE. Hf 

is prefixed a Grammar of the Mid- Yorkshire Dialect. By C. 0. 
Robinson. 

To be printed for the E. D. S. Throughout the Glossary and Grammar all 
the words and dialect matter are rendered in Glossic, 

North and East Yorkshire. 

The Praise of York-shire Ale. To which is added a York-shira 
Dialogue, in its pure natural Dialect, as it is now commonly spoken in 
the North parts of York-shire. With the Addition of some Observa- 
tions of the Dialect and Pronunciation of Words in the East Ryding 
of York-shire. Together with a Collection of significant and useful 
Proverbs. (And the * Clavis.') By G[eorge] M[eriton], Gent. 
3rd ed. 12mo, pp. 124. York (F. White) : 1697. 

First edition in 4to, pp. 18, in a shorter form, without a Glossary. 
York : J. White, 1683. 

The Pural Economy of Yorkshire. By Wm. Marshall. 2 vols, 8vo. 
London : 1788. A second edition appeared in 1796. 

From pp. 293 to 358 of vol. II. are remarks on the provincialisms of East 
Yorkshire, and a Glossary of Words. (Reprinted for the E. D. S. as Gloss. 
B. 2.) 

A Glossary and Etymological Dictionary of Obsolete and Uncommon, 
Words, Antiquated Phrases, Obscure Allusions ; also Historical 

. Notices of Ancient Customs, Manners, &c. By Wm. Toone. Crown 
8vo. Pickering ; 1832. 
2nd edition ; pp. xx and 467. 1834. 

North Riding. 

York Minster Screen. Being a specimen of the Yorkshire Dialect as 
spoken in the North Eiding. By the Eey. Thomas ALEXAm)ER 
Brown, late Vicar of Bilton. 8vo. Malton : 1833. 3rded. 8vo, pp. 
11. With explanatory notes. Malton: 1860. 
Exceptionally good. The Poem contains 214 lines. 

North Yorkshire : General Specimens. 

Poems on Several Occasions. By the Eev. Thomas Browne (of 
' Hull). Small 8vo, pp. about 200. About 1798. 

The writer was a native of the North Riding, and used its Dialect. The 

well-known Dialogues, ' The Invasion,' and ' Awd Daisy,' are from this source. 

The collected edition of this writer's poems were puhlished either during the 

year of his death (1798), or in the year following. 

The Landscape, and other Poems. By David Lewis. Post 8vo, pp. 
100. York: 1815. 

Only two of these poems are in the Dialect, and they are but reprinted 
here. They are an ' Elegy on the Death of a Frog,' and ' The Sweeper and 
Thieves,' — both well-known as stock examples. The Author was resident at 
Belmont Farm, near Knareshorough, and died in 1858. 

Specimens of tbe Yorkshire Dialect. With a Glossary (3 pp.). 3rd 
ed. 18mo, pp. 36. Knareshro: 1810. 

Reprint of rural stock specimens. I have also met with a fifth edition, dated 
1818. 



118 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect ; to which is added a Glossary of 
such of the Yorkshire Words as are not likely to be understood. The 
Seventh edition, with considerable additions and amendments. 12mo, 
pp. 36. York: 1811. 

The usual reprint of niral specimens. There is a whole page engraving, 
illustrating the poem of * Awd Daisy.' An eighth edition is noted in Mr 
Smith's bibliographical list. 

The Yorkshire Garland, containing the celebrated old songs of * Yorke, 
Yorke, for me monie,' and tho Pattern of True Love, or Bowe's 
Tragedy. To which are added specimens of tho Yorkshire Dialect, 
selected from ' The Eegister Office ; ' ' Richard and Betty at Hickleton 
Fair,' ' The Eipon Bellman,' &c. 18mo, pp. 34. Northallerton : 
1825. 

With a Frontispiece, illustrating * Awd Daisy.' 

Yorkshire Garland. To which are added Specimens of the Yorkshire 
Dialect. "With a Glossary. 12mo. Northallerton : 1826. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect, by way of Dialogue, &c. With 
a Glossary, and the Life of William Nevison. 18mo, pp. 24. Lon- 
■ don: 1828. 

Reprint of rural stock specimens. 

The Yorkshire Dialect, exemplified in various Dialogues, Tales, and 
Songs, applicable to the county. With a Glossary. 18mo, pp. 24. 
London : (W. Cole). 

Reprint of rural stock specimens. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect. 12mo, pp. 24. Knareshro : 
1833. 

Reprint of rural stock specimens. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect, selected from the ' Register 
Office,* * Richard and Betty at Hickleton Fair,' &c. With Glossary. 
12mo, pp. 24. Knaresbro : 1843. 
Reprint of rural stock specimens. 

A Specimen of the Yorkshire Dialect in the History of Awd Isaac. 
12mo. Beverley: 1844. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect. With a Glossary. 12mo. 
6th ed. Knareshrough : 1848. 

A 3rd and 5th ed. of specimens, previously noted, were not the work of the 
same printer. 

Oad Isaac. 12mo. Leeds: 1846. 

And Isaac : a Poem in the Yorkshire Dialect, composed of facts and 
similitudes. With a Glossary on the last page. 12mo, pp. 18. ion- 
don: 1855. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect, in various Dialogues, Tales, and 
Songs. With a Glossary (1 page, treble columns). 12mo, pp. 34. 
Otley [n. d.]. 

Recent. There are two very old publishers at Otley — Walker, and the late 
firm of "Webb and Millington (now a joint-stock company). This is the Walker 
edition of the specimens, as the next Otley ed. noted is the Webb and Mi'- 
Jington. For Frontispiece (on a double page) are five coloured engravings of 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. 119 

the rudest possible type. The compositions are the usual reprinted rural 
specimens. 

Specimens of the Yorkshire Dialect, in various Dialogues, Tales, and 
Songs, to which is added Aud Isaac. With a Glossary (2 pp.). 18mo, 
pp. 60. Otlcy [n. d.]. 

A recent, and the latest publication of this character. In the main, it is a 
reprint of the usual rural stock specimens. Of the three modern pieces included^ 
two, ' The White Ghost,' and ' Canny Yatton Feast,' are grossly inaccurate. 
The third, ' The Parson and Pot,' is a more satisfactory composition. 

The Yorkshire Dialect, exemplified in various Dialogues, Tales, and 
Songs, applicable to the County. With a Glossary. Post 8vo, pp. 24. 
London : J. Eussell Smith, 1839. 

All stock specimens, referring to the Dialect of the north and east, excluding 
the market-town type. 

North Riding : South Cleveland. 

A specimen of the Bilsdale Dialect ; or, two poems on Isaac Tell- 
truth and Sammy Standfast. By John Nelson. 12mo (P), pp. 32. 
Northallerton: 1831. 

The Bard of the Dales, or Poems and Miscellaneous pieces, partly in 
the Yorkshire Dialect. By John Castillo. 12mo, pp. 184. Kirhy* 
Moorside: 1850. 

In the Dialect of the North Riding, the writer, though Irish by birth, having 
been reared from childhood in Cleveland. The longest of the compositions 
(chiefly religious), *Awd Isaac,' is popular among the peasantry, north and 
east. A later edition of these poems, together with additional pieces in the 
Dialect, and an autobiography, was published at Stokesley, in 1858. 

Jacob's Ladder, a Sermon. By John Castillo. 12mo, pp. 8. Filey : 
1858. 

The author was a local preacher among the Methodists, and used Dialect at 
all times. 

Poems, by the Cleveland Bard (Mr Wright). 16mo. Stokesley: 
1850. 

One of the most intolerable of local compositions. There is one poem called 
* Canny Yatton,' written in the Dialect of the district. 

A MS. list of Cleaveland words. By the Eev. J. Oxlee. London : 
Phil. Soc. Trans., 1845, vol. II., page 131. 

A Glossary of the Cleveland Dialect. By the Eev. J. C. Atkinson, 
Incumbent of Danby-ia- Cleveland. 4to, pp. 653. London : 1868. 
Including an Introductory paper of 45 pp., on the Cleveland Dialect. The 
Glossary throughout is furnished with copious notes. 

A Supplement (of 8 pp.) to this work is being printed for the E. D. S., a; 
Gloss. C. 2. 

The People's History of Cleveland, and its Vicinage. By George 
Makkham Tweddell. 4to. In course of publication. StoJcesley : 
1873. 

Among the varying features of this work, are some pages of a ' Glossary of 
the North York Dialect.' 

Mudher's Advice to Dick. A Khyme to Illustrate the North York 



120 ^' BIBLIOGEAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Dialect. By Floeence Cleveland. (Mrs G. M. Tweddell.) Single 
page Tract. Stokeshy : 1872. 
Eeprinted from a local journal. 

Kortli of England Tractates. No. 13. Awd Gab, o' Steers. By 
Florence Cleveland. 12mo, pp. 9. Prose. Stokesley : 1873. 
In the Dialect of this place. A Glossary of 3 pages is added. 

Bliynies and Sketches. To illustrate the Cleveland Dialect. By 
Mrs Q-. M. Tweddell. 12mo, pp. 68. "With an appended Grlossary 
of 16 pp. Prose and verse. Stokesley: 1875. 

Consisting chiefly of reprinted pieces, and embodying many refined pronun- 
ciations, of which several frequent ones are unindicated orthographical! y, but, 
as a work, meritorious and faithful. 

North-east Strand. 

A Glossary of Yorkshire Words and Phrases (with examples of their 
colloquial use), collected in Whitby and the Neighbourhood. By an 
. Inhabitant (Mr F. K. Eobinson). 12mo, pp. 204. London: 1855. 
An improved edition of this Glossary is now in the press for the E. D. S. 

The Song of Solomon, in the North Yorkshire Dialect. By the 
writer of the Whitby Glossary. Square 32mo. London : 1860. ' 

Printed for H. H. Prince L. L. Bonaparte, for private circulation. 

East Riding : Holderness. 

History of Welton, near Hull, and the Neighbourhood. With * re- 
marks on the Yorkshire Language.' By Miss Thompson. 8vo, pp. 
206. Illustrated. Hull: 1869. 
Printed for private circulation. 

A Glossary of words in use in the Holderness district is in course of 
preparation for the E. D. S. ; to be edited by F. Eoss, Esq. and E, 
Stead, Esq. 

Mixed Dialect. 

Oops an' Doons an Sayin's an' Doin's o' Timothy Goorkrodger, 
' His Aud Deeame, an' Darter Meary, at Whoame an' Abroad. 1st 
Series. Crown 8vo, pp. 183. Printed for the Author, F. W. Fether- 
•. STON, of Knaresbro, Yorks., and pub. at York : 1870. 

Curious, and worthless. The author explains that he 'believes he has authority 
for most expressions,' but he has ' visited north, south, east, and west, and com- 
*- pounded the whole.' There is a Glossary of 9 pp., double columns. ' York- 
shire Lyrics,' by the same author, is in preparation. 

West Biding : North-west border. 

A List of Ancient Words at present used in the Mountainous district 
of the West Eiding of Yorkshire. Communicated by Dr Egbert 
WrLLAN, F.E.S., &c., to the Archceologia, vol. XYII. (pp. 138—167), 
London: 18U. (Eead 27th June, 1811.) 

Republished during the same year in a pamphlet form, with a historical and 

descriptive account of Ripon Minster, by Dean Waddilove, of Ripon, 12mo, 

pp. 10 ; together, pp. 39. Dr Willan remarks, that these words were his 

' gleanings near the rugged hills of Westmoreland, and in the adjoining border 

i of Yorkshire.' (Reprinted for the E. D. S. as Gloss. B. 7.) 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — YORKSHIRE. 121 

A Memorial by the Trustees of Cowgill Chapel, with a Preface, and 
Appendix on the Climate, History, and Dialects of Dent. By Adam 
Sedgwick, LL.D., &c. Printed for private circulation. Cambridge : 
1868. 

A Tour to Yorde's Cave, Burton-in-Lonsdale, Yorkshire, accompanied 
by a Shepherd from Thornton Force ; together with an attempt to 
illustrate the Dialect spoken in Burton-in-Lonsdale, and its Vicinity, 
in a familiar Dialogue. By Wm. Sewahd. 8vo, pp. 44. Kirkby- 
Lonsdale : 1801. 

Upper Craven 

A Tour to the Caves in the Environs of Ingleborough and Settle, in 

■ the West Riding of Yorkshire, &c. Also a large Glossary of old and 
original Words made use of in common conversation in the North of 
England. In a Letter to a Friend. [By the Rev. John Hutton" 
(vicar of Burton-in-Kendal).J 8vo, pp. 100. 2nd ed., with large 
additions. London : 1781. 

Reprinted for the E. D. S. as Gloss. B. 1. 

The Song of Solomon. In the Dialect of Craven. By H. A. Little- 
dale. Square 32mo. London: 1859. 

Printed for H. H. Prince L. L. Bonaparte, for private circulation. 

An Illustrated Guide to the Curiosities of Craven, with a Geological 
Introduction, Notices of the Dialect, &c., &c. By Wm Howson. 
12mo, pp-159. London: 1850. 

Splinters struck off Winskill Eock. By Tom Twisleton. 18mo, pp. 
64. Settle: [n. d.] 

Contains 13 poems, in the dialect of Craven. "Written by a young farmer, a 
native of the district. 

Poems in the Craven Dialect. By Tom Twisleton. ISmo, pp. 
119. 2nded. Settle: 1869. 

A third edition was published in 1871. 

Slaadburn Faar, bein' t* adventurs o' Jacky an' Nelly Smith, o' 
Girston, when they gang'd ta Slaadburn an' back agaan. Put inta' t' 
. Craaven plaan mak o' tawk bi Oliver Caijvee,t, Greenaw-Hill, Leead 
miner an Poet. 12mo, pp. 16. In verse. SUpton : 1871. 

Mr Blackah, the faithful rendercr of the Nidderdale Dialect, is the * lead-miner 
and poet' of Greenhow Hill, but this composition is not his. The prose 
stories (in the Craven Dialect), of ' Stephen Jackson,' are understood to be by 
the same writer. 

Chronicles and Stories of the Craven Dales. (Chiefly in illustration 
of the Dialect of Craven.) By ' Stephen Jackson.' 12mo. Prose. 
A new and enlarged edition is in preparation. 

Mid- Craven. 

The Dialect of Craven, in the West Riding of the County of York, 
with a copious Glossary, illustrated by authorities frcJm ancient Eng- 
lish and Scottish writers, and exemplified by two Familiar Dialogues. 
By the Eev. Wm. Oarii, B.D. 2 vols. Post 8vo, pp. 355 and 359. 

■ 2nd ed., much enlarged. London : 1828. 



122 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Vol. i. pp. xix. and 336 ; vol. ii. pp. 359. The Two Dialogues are in vol. 
ii. pp. 285 — 353. The Glossary occupies vol. i. pp. 1 — 336 ; and vol. ii. pp. 
1—279. 

The first edition was a 12rao volume, of 125 pages, published in London, 
1824, and entitled ' Horge Momenta Cravense, or the Craven Dialect exempli- 
fied, in two Dialogues between Farmer Giles and his neighbour Bridget ; to 
which is annexed a copious Glossary.' By a Native of Craven. 

Eambles in Upper Wharfdale, including the Historical and Tra- 
ditional Lore of the District. By B. J. Harker. Shipton: 1869. 
Contains some verses, of the author's composition, in the Craven Dialect. 

Lower Nidderdale. 

A Memoir of the Life of Peter Barker, the blind Joiner of Hamps- 
thwaite. By William Gkainge. 12nio, pp. 13. Pateley -Bridge: 
1873. 

Partly in the Dialect of Nidderdale. 

Nidderdale : An Historical, Topographical, and Descriptive Sketch of 
the Valley of the Nidd. By Wm Grainge. Crown 8vo. Pateley- 
Bridge: 1863. 

Contains a Glossarial chapter of several pages. 

The Nidderdill Olminac, an' Ivvery Body's Kalinder. 12ino, pp. 20. 
Pateley-Bridge : 1864. 

At its first publication, with but one or two Dialect compositions, but has 
greatly increased this feature since 1868. 

The Tailor and the Ghost. Anonymous. 

Prose. The supplementary Broadside to a local journal, 1865. Partly in 
the Dialect of Nidderdale. 

The Scottish Pedlar ; a tale of the Yorkshire Moorlands. By Wm. 
Grainge. 16mo, pp. 28. Pateley-Bridge : 1866. 
Partly in the Dialect of Nidderdale. 
Oliver Banks, or St Thomas's Bounty at Hebden. By Thomas 
Blackah. 12mo, pp. 16. 2nd ed. Pateley-Bridge : 1867. 
In the Dialect of Nidderdale. 

Songs and Poems in the Nidderdale Dialect. By Thomas Blackah, 
a working-miner, of Greenhow Hill. 12mo, pp. 60. Pateley-Bridge : 
1867. 

Very faithful. 

North Riding : Swaledale. 
Eeeth Bartle Fair. Broadside. 

In the Dialect of the northern mining-dales. The same as the poem with the 
same title prefixed to Glossary C. 1, printed for the E. D. S. 

A Glossary of Words used in Swaledale, Yorkshire. By Captain 
John Harland, of Eeeth, near Eichmond. 

Printed for the E. D. S. as Gloss. C. 1. Contains also an Introduction by 
Captain Harland, with the Ballad of *' Reeth Bartle Fair," written by him. 
The Words throughout (28 pp.) are rendered in Glossic by C. C. Robinson. 

West Riding : Leeds District. 
Philosophical Letters between the late Mr Eay, and several corre- 
spondents, &c. Published by W. Derham, F.E.S. Syo. London: 1118, 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. 123 

Contains a letter from Ralpli Thoresby, F.R.S., the Leeds historian, to John 
Ray, containing a * Catalogue of Words then [1703] to be heard in the "West 
Riding of Yorkshire.' This list was reprinted by Mr Hunter, in his Appendix 
to the Hallamshire Glossary. A later edition of Ray's Correspondence, edited 
by Dr Lankester, F.R.S., Sec. to the Ray Society, was published in London, in 
1848. It is an 8vo volume, of which Thoresby's list of Words occupies 12 
closely-printed pages. The list was reprinted for the E. D. S. as Gloss. B. 17. 

Leeds : Eastern District. 

An Address delivered by the late Samuel Hick, the Village Black- 
smith, in the Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Market- Weighton, York- 
shire. 12nio, pp. 8. Barnsley : 1830. 

Professedly in the Leeds, or West Yorkshire Dialect, but untrue to it. In 
Everett's Life of Hick (p. 261) the trashy character of this publication is made 
the subject of strong protest. 

The Village Blacksmith. A Memoir of the Life of Samuel Hick, 
late of Micklefield, Yorkshire. By James Eyerett (Wesleyan Min- 
ister). Post 8vo, pp. 280. 2nd ed. London : 1831. 

Contains a sprinkling of passages illustrating the Leeds (or old West York- 
shire) Dialect, and a Glossary of one page. * Sammy Hick,' a * local-preacher * 
among the Methodists, was a well-known character, and employed the Dialect 
in his pulpit ministrations. 

Leeds : "Western District. 

Kugse Literarias. By the Rev. E. Winter Hamilton, D.D. 8vo. 
London : 1841. 

Contains a paper of 74 pages on ' The Yorkshire Dialect,' having a chief 
reference to the clothing district of the West Eiding. 

The History and Antiquities of Morley, and other places in the 
Vicinity. ByNoRBisoN Cayendish Scatcherd, F.S.A. 8vo. Lon- 
don: 1830. 

Contains 7 pp. of a Glossary of Local Words. Morley is one of the clothing 
villages between Leeds and Dewsbury, distant four miles from the first place, 
where all the words noted in this Glossary are current. 

Leeds District entire. 

The Dialect of Leeds, and its Neighbourhood, illustrated by Con- 
versations and Tales of Common Life, &c. (pp. 146) ; to which are added 
a copious Glossary (pp. 231), notices of the various Antiquities, Man- 
ners, and Customs, and General Folk-lore of the District. Together 
with some Introductory remarks on the varying character of the York- 
shire Dialects (pp. xxxiii.). By C. C. Eobinson. 12mo, pp. 488. 
London : John Eussell Smith, 1861. 

A Glossary of Additional Words collected in and about Leeds. By 
C. 0. Eobinson. 

To be printed by the E. D. S. This collection numbers several hundred 
words. The words contained in the published Glossary of the " Dialect of 
Leeds " will be incorporated, and the whole, together with the Illustrative 
Examples, rendered in Glossic. An outline Grammar of the Leeds Dialect 
will be prefixed to the Glossary. The Glossary is identified with the area of 
the ancient division of the West Riding known as Elmete. The illustrative 
examples refer strictly to the dialect as spoken in the town of Leeds. 



124 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Leeds. 

A Manne of Substance : a Ledes Ballade. {Notes and Queries, 3rd 
S. VI. pp. 201—2, Sept. 10, 1864.) 

In this composition are introduced words and forms pertaining to tlie Leeds 
dialect. The connecting words are subjected to an old spelling. 

Tommy Toddles's Comic Almanac, Fur all t' Fowks i' t' Warld an' 

ralind abaglit ; happen witty, happen hitty ; concarnin' ivverything 

an' lYverybody; crammed wi' stuff to mak yuh laugh an' du yuh 

gold, an' le-ave yuh wi' more sense 'an it fun yuh. All t' lot b^ 

Tommy Toddles, Ees-quear, Braan-munger, Skyosopher, Weatherolo- 

ger, Fearful Larn'd, an', Yorkshire. 8vo and Crown 8vo. Leeds. 

Of this publication, now ten years old, six numbers were, by arrangement, 

written in the true Dialect of Leeds. The latest four of these were carefully 

written by one hand. The Nos. referred to are those for the years 1865, 6, 7, 

8, 9, and 1871. They are the only examples of circulating Yorkshire Dialect, 

in which ill spellings have been avoided. 

T' Frogland Olmenac, an' Leed's Loiner's Annual. 16mo and 12mo, 
pp. 20. Leeds. 

An annual upwards of twenty years old. The earliest numbers were very 
fair in character ; the latest have been great trash. The publication ceased 
with the 1871 number. 

Tommy's Annual. 8vo, pp. 24. Leeds: 1872. 

Untrue to spoken speech. There was no further issue. 
T' Leeds-Loiners' Comic Almanac. 8vo, pp. 26. Leeds : 1873. 

Untrue to spoken speech. 

Wakefield. 

A List of Provincial Words in use at Wakefield. Collected by Wm; 
Stott Banks. 16mo, pp. 82. London : 1865. 

The Wakefield 'Free Press' Almanac. 12mo, Dialect pp. 24. 
WaJcefield: 1872. 

In the Dialect of Wakefield. The Dialect matter is curiously mixed up with 
the advertisements. 

Sradford. 

Poems and Songs in the Dialect of Bradford Dale. By Benjamin 
Peeston-. 16mo. Bradford: 1860. 

A reprint, with several additions. Most appeared in a short-lived local pub- 
lication, the ' Bradfordian,' 1860-61. 

Poems and Songs in the Dialect of Bradford -Dale, Be a Yorkshur 
Likenass Takker (Benjamin Pbeston, late of Bradford). 16mo, 
pp. 32. Bradford : 1864. 

The first collected edition of Mr Preston's Dialect poems. They are 
the following : 

1. Natterin Nan. First published at Bradford, in 1856. 16mo, pp. 
8, and several times reprinted. 

2. T' Poor Weyver. First published as a Broadside, Bradford, 1866, 
under the title of ' Yorkshire Songs. No. 1. Aw nivir can call hur 
my wife,' and afterwards in the ' Bradfordian,' 1860. 

3. T' Weyyer's Death. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. 125 

4. Nannie's Soliloquy. First published in the same magazine, in 1860. 

5. Bill's Answer to Nannie's Soliloquy. Published in the same, 1861. 

6. T' Spicy Man : A Pictur. Published at Bradford, in 1859. 16mo, 
pp. 8, and reproduced in the local magazine, 1861. 

7. Ben Brust : A Heytin Seng. Pirst published in the same magazine, 
1861. 

8. T' Creakin Gate: A Pictur. Published at Bradford, in 1859. 
16mo, pp. 8, and afterwards in the same magazine, 1861. 

9. T' Owd Psalm Tune. 

The Dialect Poems of Benjamin Preston. With a Notice of the 
Author. 16mo, pp. 64. With a glossary of phrases, and some account 
of the various poems. Saltaire : 1872. 

The second and latest collected ed. of Mr Preston's Dialect poems. 
The additional ones are the following : 

1. Poll Blossom, or t' Folly o' Pride. The first Dialect poem of the 
author, written in 1 854, and published at Bradford the same year, 
16mo, pp. 8, under the title of * A Poetical Sarmon, preycht to t* 
White Heathens o' Wibsa, i' ther Native Tongue. Be a Latter-Day 
Saint.' Two more editions followed. 

2. Owd Moxy. First published in the 'Bradford Observer,' some 
years ago. 

3. T' Lancashire Famine. This appeared as a broadside at the time, 
under the title ' An Appeal to the English and Irish in Yorkshire, 
on behalf of the starving in Lancashire.' 

4. T' Sacred Drawer. 

5. Uncle Ben. First published in the Leeds Dialect Almanac ' Tommy 
Toddles,' in 1865. 

6. T' Short Timer. Published in the * Bradford Observer,' 1870. 

7. T' Maistur o' t' Haase : A Pictur. Published at Bradford, in 1859. 
16mo, pp. 8. 

8. Stand up Lads, an' let's hev a Feyt. Published in the Yorkshire 
Christmas Annual, 1871. 

9. Come to thi Gronny, Doy! Published in the 'Peterborough 
Times,' and afterwards (1871) in a Yorkshire journal. 

All Mr Preston's poems are very faithful to their phase of Dialect, and 
several are noticeable for their literary merit. 

Bradford Songs. No. 1. An injured Woman's Complaint. By E. 
Chippendale. Broadsheet. Bradford, 
In the Dialect of the place. 
Idonia, and other Poems. By James Burnley. Bradford: 1869. 

Contains several songs in the Dialect of Bradford. 
The Yorkshire Magazine. Large 8 vo. Bradford: 1871. 

Yet publishing, monthly, at this place. In five consecutive Nos., from Oct., 
1872, to Feb., 1873, are contributions of 'Yorkshire Words,' by Samuel Dyer. 
The words are well-known, and only treated etymologically. 

The Yorkshire Christmas Annual. Being the extra Christmas 
Number of the Yorkshire Magazine. Eoyal 8vo. Bradford: 1870 
(for 1871). 

This publication, and following numbers of the 'Yorkshire Magazine,' 
contain dialect poems. They may all be overlooked, with the exception of Mr 
Preston's composition, which is also contained in his published volume. In 
the 'Yorkshire Magazine' for October, 1871, is an article on the Dialect of 



126 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Bradford. It is based on the short Glossary appended to Mr Preston's poems, 
and only the commonest words are noticed. The general remarks are sub- 
stantially from the Introductory pages to * Dialect of Leeds,' and the article 
throughout has numerous points of error. 

The Original Illuminated Clock Almanack. By Edmund Hatton. 
Crown 8vo, pp. 52. Bradford : 1873. 

There was a Bradford edition (printed at Halifax) of the * Halifax Original/ 
&c. Almanac, noted on page 125. The one now noted followed in the same 
style, of prose and verse contributions, in the Bradford dialect. 

The Pudsey Almanack, and Historical Eegister. Compiled by 
Simeon Eayner. 12mo, pp. 20. Pudsey : 1869. 

Contains two or three dialect poems, as do successive numbers. Pudsey is an 
isolated clothing village, midway between Leeds and Bradford, having a mixed, 
but sturdy and proverbially uncouth phase of dialect, nearest in character to 
that of Bradford. 

Dewsbury. 

The Borne Miln Olmenac, an' T' West Eiding Annual. Be Timothy 
Shoddy gull. Cleckheaton: 16mo, pp. 16. 

Of this publication, but four numbers were issued, in 1855, 6, 7, and 8, and 
one of these was printed at Sheffield. The Dialect is that of Dewsbury, fairly 
rendered. They were written by Mr John Firth, of Cleckheaton. 

A Dictionary of the Dialect of Batley. (And twenty other neigh- 
bouring villages are specified on the title-page.) Anonymous. 16mo, 
pp. 16. Batley : 1860. 

Pretentious. The words of every kind number 115, and the explanations 
attached are mostly inaccurate. 

The Dewsbre Back at Mooin Olmenac. Crown 8vo, pp. 16. Dews- 
bury: 1863. 

The number for 1867 has 24 pp. 
T Bag o' Shoddy Olmenac. 12mo, pp. 16. Batley: 1866. 

In the Dialect of the place. 

T' owd Original Coddy Miln Olmenack. 12mo, pp. 16. Hechmond- 
wike : 1870. 

In the Dewsbury Dialect. Very poor. 
The Swashland Olmenac. 12mo, pp. 24. Heckmondwike : 1870. 
In the Dialect of Dewsbury. 

T' LafFable Adventurs i' t' Militari Kareer a Tom Wallop. Eittan 
bi T' Authar. Full a Picturs. Price Three Hawpens. 18mo, pp. 
16. Batley: 1870. 

In the Dialect of the place (Dewsbury district). 

Halifax. 

The History and Antiquities of Halifax. By the Eev. John "Watson, 
F.S.A. 4to. London: 1775. 

From pp. 529 to 548 are some * Remarks on the Dialect of Halifax Parish,' 
together with a 'Vocabulary of Uncommon Words * * * with Conjectures 
about their Derivations.' A second edition of this work, in folio, with additions 
and corrections by F. A. Leyland, and a considerable enlargement of the whole 
by extracts from the MS. Collections of J. Brearcliffe, and E. N. Alexander, 
appeared in parts, during 1869-70, and was printed at Halifax. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. 127 

Polly's Gaon, and other pieces in verse. Ey Ezra Doyle. 32mo, 
pp. 50. Halifax : [n. d.] 

Professedly in the Halifax Dialect. AYorthless, every way. This publica- 
tion has been recently reprinted at Wakefield. 

Kancy o* Johnny's Visit to th' Thump. To which is added, l^ancy's 
Wedding. By William Heaton. 32mo, pp. 16. Halifax : 1866. 

Th' Ould Maid's Dream. To which is added, Ewer Tom An His 
Leather Britches. By William Heaton. 32mo, pp. 16. Id. Hali- 
fax: 1866. 

In the Halifax Dialect. The writer's project was to issue ' a dozen sketches 
from Yorkshire Life,' of which the above two were the first. 

The Halifax Original Illuminated Clock Almanack. In the York- 
shire Dialect. By JoHis- Hartley. 12mo, pp. 48. Halifax : 1867. 
In the Dialect of Halifax. Later numbers have been enlarged. 

Yorkshire Ditties. By John Hartley. 16mo. Halifax: 1868. 
In the Dialect of Halifax. Has been recently reprinted at Wakefield. 

The Yorkshire Budget. By John Hartley. IQmo, -pip. 160. Halifax: 
1871. 

Contains a proportion of songs in the Halifax Dialect ; and generally con- 
sisting of those papers in the dialect which formed the * Introductions ' to the 
Months, in the Halifax Almanac. 

Yorkshire Songs. By J. H. Eccles. 16mo, pp. 182. 2nd ed. 
Leeds ; 1872. 

An enlarged reprint, with additions, collected from various local sources ; 
together with a Glossary. The bulk of the pronunciations (those of the com- 
monest words) belong to Halifax ; but the mere ill-spellings attract most 
notice. They are really too many to be overlooked, and are without even the 
merit of system. In these ' Songs ' the manufacture of * dialect ' is resorted to 
on a scale which calls for remark. 

Th' Beacon Almanack. 12mo, pp. 66. Halifax: 1873. 

In the Dialect of Halifax. Remarkable for the use of refined terms which 
have no existence in the people's speech. 

Th' Beacon Christmas Annual, in the Yorkshire Twang. Ha Dooady 
Braan spent th' Kursmiss Hallidays. By A. W. Bickerdike. 12mo. 
Halifax: 1873. 

In the Dialect of Halifax. Remarkable for over-refinement. 

Rural South-west. (From between Wakefield and Barnsley to 
near Huddersfield.) 
The Eev. Jabez Bunting, or, Begging. With other Poems. By a 
Lady. 12mo, pp. 14. Leeds : 1833. 

The first-named poem, one of 6 pages, is in the Dialect of the rural south- 
west — a phase I have never known appreciated, save by this accidental writer. 

Rural West. 
Local Topography. — The Washburn. By William Grainge. 

A large broadside, containing an article reprinted from the Harrogate Herald 
of December 28, 1864, and including a lengthy narration in the dialect. This 
printed example is useful in showing the currency of the th' form of the 
definite article at a very extreme limit, edging the rural west. The form is, of 



128 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

course, an intercliangesble one, f being also in use there. The locality indi- 
cated lays in a line running from Skipton to Harrogate, in an easterly direction. 

Huddersfield. 

Jim o' th' Pan's Journey to London, with the "Eqw Poor Law to 
mend. By a Collector. 12mo, pp. 45. Huddersfield : 1842. Sold 
also by the Eelieving Officers and Assistants of the Huddersfield 
Union. 

Partly in the Dialect of Huddersfield. It is the only existing publication 
illustrating this interesting phase of dialect, and is very faithful. 

A Glossary of Words in use in the neighbourhood of Huddersfield. 
By the Eev. A. Easther. 

In course of preparation for the E. D. S. 

Keighley. 
Bill oth' Hoylhus End's Vizit t' th' Glory Band, wi' a full and per- 
tic'ler accaant of an owd man's story. By Bill hissel. (Wm. 
Wright, of Keighley.) 12mo, pp. 16. Enlarged ed. Keighley: 1867. 
Prose and verse. In the Dialect of the place. 
Bill oth' Hoylus End's second visit to t' Glory Band. 12mo, pp. 12. 
Keighley: 1867. 
Prose and verse. 

Bill oth' Hoylus End's vizit to t' City o' Howarth, an' his recepshun 
among t' natives. By Bill Hiz Sel. 12mo, pp. 15. Keighley: 
1867. 

Prose and verse. A ' Part Two ' appeared immediately afterwards, with the 
same title. 

Th' History o' Haworth Railway, fro' t' beginin' t' th' end. By W. 
Wright. 12mo, pp. 16. 3rd ed. Keighley : 1867. 
Prose and verse. 
John o' Sham Wutherin's akcaant o' th' oppenin' o' Haworth Rail- 
way; in a letter to his brother Jamie, i' Wibsey. 12mo, pp. 15. 
Keighley: 1867. 

Verse. In the Dialect of Keighley. Written by a native of Haworth. 
T' Stoary o' th' pudding macking un eiting ; a Defence fer Howarth. 
Be Sammy Slyman, o' Wuthering Heights. 12mo, pp. 16. Culling^ 
worth: 1867. 

Prose and verse. In the Dialect of Keighley, 

Lund's Excursion to Windermere. By W. Wright. 24mo, pp. 16. 
Keighley : 1867. 

Prose and verse. In the Dialect of Keighley. 
Bill at Hoylus End's Haworth, Go wenheead, an' Bogthorn Almanack. 
. 16mo, pp. 16. Keighley : 1873. 
In the Dialect of Keighley. 

Barnsley. 

The Rustic Wreath. Poems, Moral, Descriptive, and Miscellaneous. 
By Thomas Lister. 16mo, pp. 207. Leeds : 1834. 

Contains a composition of seven pages, entitled * The Yorkshire Hirings,' 
. partly in the dialect of Barnsley. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS. — YORKSHIRE. 129 

The Bairnsla Foak's Annual an Pogmoor Olmenack. Be Tom Tred- 
DLEHOYiiE. 8vo. Leeds. 

Has appeared for upwards of thirty years, in the Barnsley Dialect. It has 
been increased from 40 to 60 pages, and enlarged in size recently to Crown 8vo. 
To the No. for 1847 was appended a Glossary of one and a half pages, double 
columns. The writer was the late Mr C. Rogers, of Barnsley. 

A Conversation between Peter Pickinpeg, Jack Shuttle, and Harry 
Emtybobbin, carefully, reported. By Sally Bobbinwinder. ('Tom 
Treddlehoyle.') 8vo, pp. 28. Barnsley : 1838. 
In the Dialect of the place. 

Sum Thowts abaght Ben Bunt's Weddin', an' ther jont to Stainbur* 
Cassal, to look at Pictas ; allsoa Will Weft's Descripshan at Grand 
Bazzarr at tha hed tuthar da' it nashnal skool like. Be Tom Treddle- 
hoyle. 8vo, pp. 20. Barnsley : 1838. 
Barnsley Dialect. 

Sum Thowts abaght t' Doin's e Bairnsla on t* Crawnashan Da'. Be 
Tom Treddlehoyle. 8vo, pp. 17. Barnsley : 1838. 
Barnsley Dialect. 

Sum Thowts abaght Kan Bunt's Chresmas Tea-Party ; Bairnsla 
Feastin; A Owd Maid's Pocket, an' Tom Treddlehoyle's Lament. . . 
Be Tom Treddlehoyle. 8vo, pp. 24. Barnsley : 1839. 
Barnsley Dialect. 

Tom Treddlehoyle's Thowts, Joakes, an' Smiles, for Midsummer Day ; 
eettin' foarth his jont ta Lunnan, ta see t' League Bazaar. 8vo, 
pp. 48. Leeds : 1845. 
Barnsley Dialect. 
Tom Treddlehoyle's Trip ta Lunnan, ta see Paxton's Great Glass 
Lantern. 8vo, pp. 56. Leeds : 1851. 
Barnsley Dialect. 

A Yisit ta t' Great French Exhibition. Be Tom Treddlehoyle. 
8vo, pp. 56. Leeds : 1855. 
Barnsley Dialect. 
A Peep at t' Manchester Art Treasures Exhibition. Be Tom Tred- 
dlehoyle. 8vo, pp. 36. Leeds: 1857. 
Barnsley Dialect. 

The Song of Solomon, in the West Riding of Yorkshire Dialect. By 
C. EoGERS, Author of the Bairnsla Foaks' Annual an' Pogmoor 01- 
menac. Square 32mo. London : 1860. 

Printed for H. H. Prince L. L. Bonaparte, for private circulation. 
The orthography of the text is fairly commendable, but, from first to last, the 
writer is unfortunate in generalisation. The designation of the example, * The 
West Riding of Yorkshire Dialect,' is a misnomer. 

Sheffield. 

An Essay on the Peculiarities of Pronunciation of the Dialect of 
Sheffield audits Neighbourhood. By the Rev. H. H. PiPER (of 
Norton). 12mo, pp. 24. Sheffield : 1825. 

Read as a paper before the Sheffield Literary Society, and originally printed 
in the ' Sheffield Independent.' 

9 



130 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

The Hallamshire Glossary. By the Eev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A. 
Post 8vo, pp. 164 (pp. xxviii. and Glos. pp. 1 — 99). London: 1829. 
The Appendix contains Thoresby's list of West Riding words (pp. 103 — 129), 
collected about 1703, and reprinted for the E. D. S. as Glos. B. 17; also the 
Rev. Mr Watson's list (pp. 131 — 164), from his History of Halifax. 

T' She wilder No. 1, dedicated wethaght permission to all wot thinks 
it worth the whoil to buy it and read it. 12mo. Sheffield [n. d.] 

The Gossips, &c. Be a Shevvild Chap. 16nio (pp. 24). Sheffisld 
[n. d.] 

The Yule Clog, or t' Hallamshire Christmas E'en. Be a Jingling 
Whittlesmith. 16mo, pp. 12. Sheffield 

The Sheffield Dialect (in Conversations * uppa are Hull Arston.' 
With a Glossary, &c.). Be a Shevvild Chap. 16mo, pp. 108. Shef- 
field: 1834. 

This is a collection of six selected numbers, which were issued separately 
between 1830-4. There is what is called 'an Introductory Note on the sound 
of the letters A and 0.' This matter is not genuine. It is very crude, and 
misleading. 

The Wheelswarf Chronicle ; (being a Continuation of the Conversa- 
tions, ' uppa are Hull Arston.') Be a Sheffield Chap. 16mo, pp. 24. 
3rded. Sheffield: 1832. 

At the end of this volume the author indulges in some remarks of comparison 
with respect to the Sheffield and York Dialects. A 2nd edition is dated 1831. 

Dickey Otley's Speech on the Wickedness of Taiching th' Doctrines 
of Human Depravity. ' As reported by Mr Hardcastle ' (says the 
Shevvild Chap, in allusion to it). 16mo. Sheffield : 1835. 

This speech of Mr Otley's appears to have been directed against the Wesleyan 
Conference, then sitting at Sheffield. 

A Eeview of Mr Otley's Speech, as reported by Mr Hardcastle. By 

a Shevvild Chap. 16mo, pp. 12. Sheffield : 1835. 
The Shevvild Chap's Temperance Chronicle, &c. 16mo. Sheffield: 

1835. 

Appeared during the year, In four Nos., of 16 pages each. 

A few more of a Shevvild Chap's Opinions on Drunkenness. 16mo, 

pp. 12. Sheffield: 1835. 
The Shevvild Chap's Annual. By Abej. Bywater. 12mo, pp. 24. 
Sheffield. 

This publication, in the Dialect of Sheffield, was first issued in 1836 (for 
1837). Of this issue four editions were published, and several later years' 
issues had more than one edition. The last No. was published in 1860. There 
were, too, ' supplements,' published occasionally, the last in 1861, since which 
time the author tells me he * has not written a line in the Dialect.' 

Supplement to the Shevvild Chap's Annual for 1836. IGmo, pp. 
18. Sheffield: 1836. 

The Sheffield Chap's Fairin' ; (being a Continuation of the Conversa- 
tions ' uppa are Hull Arston.') 16mo, pp. 18. Sheffield : 1836. 

The Shevvild Chap's Chronicle. To be continued when he's a moind ; 
containing cogitations concerning Owenism, Popery, Phrenology, &c., 
&c. No. 1. 16mo. Sheffield : 1839. 



A. 1.] COUNTY DIALECTS.— YORKSHIRE. 131 

The Gossips Fluinmock't by the Queen. (The title of the Shewild 
Chap's Annual for 1840.) 16mo, pp. 24. Shefleld : 1839. 

An Infallible cure for the Cudn't-help-it Organization of the 
Owenites. 16mo, pp. 12. Sheffield : 184:0. 
In the Dialect of Sheffield. 

Bame Flatback's Advice to t' Queen uppa hahce keepin', t' weddin' sup- 
per; hah shoe's to manage her husband, and several other queer sub- 
jects. With old Dame Balsam's Oration. Being the supplement to the 
Shewild Chap's Annuah for 1840. 7th ed. 24mo, pp. 12. Sheffield: 
1840. 

The Prince of Wales Almanack for 1842 ; with Dame Flatback's 
Oration on the Birth of the Prince of Wales. Being a Supplement to 
the Shewild Chap's Annual. 16mo, pp. 24. Sheffield: 1841. 

The Shewild Chap's second Letter to the Conference. Being a 
Challenge of the Faith of that Body, to the length, breadth, and 
depth of the 40-horse-power faith of an undepraved Atheist. 24mo. 
Sheffield: 1843. 

The Shewild Chap's Easter Gift. 12mo. Sheffield: 1847. 

The Sheffield Dialect. By Abel Bywater. 16mo, pp. 295. 2nd 
ed. Sheffield: 1854. 

A reprint of selected pieces, partially in the Dialect, with many changes 
and refinements of previous spellings. These are, however, not out of character, 
the phase of dialect being, from various causes, a weak one. There is a Glossary 
of 3 pages. The first edition (same size) was published at Sheffield in 1839. 

The Song of Solomon. In tbe Sheffield Dialect. By Abel Bywater, 

Author of the ' Sheffield Dialect.' London: 1859. 

Printed for H. H. Prince L. L. Bonaparte, for private circulation. 
Wadsley Jack, or the Humours and Adventures of a Travelling 

Cutler ; an amusing tract in the Yorkshire Dialect. 8vo. Sheffield : 

1866. 
A Glossary of Sheffield words has appeared in various numbers 

of the Sheffield and Eotherham Independent, during 1874 and 1875 ; 

wherein have also appeared several additional and critical remarks 

upon the same. 

A Glossary of Sheffield Words is in course of preparation for the 
E. D. S. ; to be edited by E. E. Leader, Esq. 

Mixed Dialect. 

The Lancashire and Yorkshire Temperance Recitations and Dialogues, 
in the Yorkshire Dialect. By J. G. Cartledge, of Lincoln. 16mo, 
pp. 16. Leeds : 1872. 

A hash-up of West Riding phases; words and forms being used merely be- 
cause of their being heard in dialect speech of some kind. A second series was 
published in 1873, but only partly in 'Yorkshire Dialect; ' and a third, of the 
same character, was announced to follow. 

TJnclassifiable Glossary. 

Collection of West Yorkshire words. By Parry. Privately 

printed. Vide p. 24 of Mr J. K. Smith's Bibliographical List, 1839. 



132 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 



WALES. 

In those parts of "Wales where Welsh is most spoken, the children 
who learn English doubtless acquire it in a form free from dialectal 
peculiarities. But in other parts, especially of South Wales, the 
English spoken is marked by local characteristics. These are not, 
perhaps, very strongly exhibited ; but there seem to be grounds for 
believing that the English of Gower (in Glamorganshire) and of 
Pembrokesliire resembles that of Somersetshire. The following short 
list is as long as I can make it. — W. W. S. 

Caermarthenshire. — A list of Words in use here has been con- 
tributed, in MS., by Mr SpuiTell. 

Glamorganshire. — A list of Words from the Gower dialect of Gla- 
morganshire. By the Eev. J. Collins. Printed in the Philological 
Society's Transactions, 1849—50, pp. 222, 223. 

Montgomeryshire. — Archaic Words, Phrases, etc., of Montgomery- 
shire. By the Eev. Elias Owen. In a series of articles contributed 
to the ' Collections Historical and Archaeological relating to Mont- 
gomeryshire. Issued by the Powys-land Club for the use of its 
members.' The first article appeared in vol. iv, at p. 49, the fifth in 
vol. vii, at p. 117; and they are to be continued. 

Pembrokeshire. — A few specimens of local expressions in use in 
Pembrokeshire have been kindly communicated, in MS., to the 
E. D. S. 

ISLE OF MAN. 

The Manx Language : its Grammar, Literature, and Present State. 
By Henry Jennee, Esq. In the Transactions of the Philological 
Society, 1875-6, pp. 172—197. 

This essay contains a list of publications in the Manx language, and is 
accompanied by a map shewing the districts in which Manx is most spoken. 
Mr Jenner says — ' The English spoken by those to whom it is the native 
tongue is good, and, as may be imagined, is proper modern English, and not a 
provincial dialect derived independently from Old English. There is, how- 
ever, a tendency towards Scotticisms.' 



A. 1.] SCOTTISH DIALECTS. 133 



BIBLIOGRAPHY OP THE SCOTTISH 
DIALECTS. 



By J. H. NODAL. 



The present bibliographical list of works illustrative of 'tile 
Scottish dialects is believed to be the first attempt of its kind. 
To a large extent, therefore, it is imperfect ; but it will at least 
serve as a provisional list, and a foundation for a more complete 
one hereafter. 

The first section is devoted to dictionaries, glossaries, and 
general treatises; the second catalogues the writings of Scottish 
writers under their several counties, etc. ; and the third is a list of 
collections and miscellaneous books and pamphlets, which pertain 
more or less to the subject, and which are otherwise not capable 
of classification. The secand section may possibly be open to the 
criticism that many of the works included do not closely represent 
the dialect of the counties or divisions under which they are 
enumerated. It is questionable, for example, whether it is entirely 
right to imply, even inferentially, that the songs and poems of 
Robert Burns are to be regarded as exclusively illustrative of 
the dialect of Ayrshire, or those of Allan Eamsay and William 
Motherwell of the dialect^ spoken in Lanarkshire. But, speaking 
generally, there can be no doubt that an author's dialectal writings 
will reflect in some considerable measure the peculiarities of the 
folk-speech of his native district ; and this division into districts 
may perhaps lead to a more careful and extended examination of 
such local peculiarities than they have yet had given to them. A 

10 



134 SCOTTISH DIALECTS. [A. 1. 

a matter of convenience, too, the classification by counties has 
obvious advantages upon which it is unnecessary to dwell. 

Dr. J. A. H. Murray, in the Historical Introduction to his 
admirable and exhaustive work on " The Dialect of the Southern 
Counties of Scotland," published by the Philological Society in 
1873, arranges the English of Scotland, or *' Lowland Scotch," in 
three periods : the first from the earliest known specimens to about 
1475, during which time it was identical with the literary Northern 
English; the second from 1475 to the Union of the kingdoms, 
during which the Scotch, as a national language, both culminated 
and became obsolete ; and the third from 1707 to the present day, 
during which it has survived as a cluster of popular dialects. After 
pointing out that the ivritten language of Scotland became, by 1707, 
identical with that of England, he says : " It is not to be supposed, 
however, that the spoken language had undergone a similar change. 
. . . The Lowland Scotch had ceased to be used for literary 
purposes, but it still remained the common tongue of the people ; 
and in this third period of its history it experienced a brilliant 
revival as the vehicle of ballad and lyric poetry. . . . These 
productions of the third period are not, however, of exactly the 
same value as witnesses to the contemporary spoken tongue of the 
people, as were the Scotch laws, the works of Barbour, Henry, or 
Dunbar. They are more or less conventional representations. To a 
greater or lesser extent they are almost aU contaminated with the 
influence of the literary English — the language which their authors 
have been educated to write — whose rules of grammatical inflection 
and construction they impose upon the Scotch, to the corruption 
of the vernacular idiom." 

These cautions are necessary in studying the works enumerated 
in the following list. The division into periods above indicated, 
and the relation which the third period of the Scottish language 
bears to that of England, wiU account for the fact that the present 
catalogue contains no work earlier than the beginning of the 
eighteenth century. The year 1707 has been taken as the date of 
demarcation. 



A. 1] SCOTTISH DIALECTS. 135 

Dr. Murray says ''it is customary to speak of the Scotcli 
as one dialect (or language), whereas there are in Scotland 
several distinct tyi^es, and numerous varieties of the Northern 
tongue, differing from each other markedly in pronunciation, and 
to some extent also in the vocabulary and grammar. The dialects 
of adjacent districts pass into each other with more or less of 
gradation, but those of remote districts (say, for example, Buchan, 
Teviotdale, and Ayr) are at first almost unintelligible to each 
other." Dr. Murray divides the Lowland Scottish dialects (which 
even now are spoken only over about half the area of Scotland, 
the Gaelic still surviving in the North and West) into three groups, 
and these again into eight minor divisions, or sub-dialects, each 
having numerous local varieties. 

Groups. Sub-Dialects. 

I. NoRTH-E ASTERN - - - Caithucss. 

Moray and Aberdeen. 
Angus. 
II. Central Lothian and Fife. 

Clydesdale. 
Galloway and Carrick. 



The Highland Border. 



Ill, Southern. 



The North-E astern group embraces the dialects north of the Tay ; 
the Central from the Tay and the Gaelic border, south to the Irish 
Sea on the West and the Tweed on the East, excluding the coun- 
ties south of this river ; and the Southern group is represented by 
the dialect of the Border Counties, extending from the Tweed to 
the Solway, and from the Cheviots to the Locher Moss. 

I have had valuable assistance in the preparation of this list 
from Dr. Murray, whose inability from lack of leisure to undertake 
the work himself, as was originally intended and announced, no 
one regrets more than myself. Dr. Murray desires to acknowledge 
especially the assistance of Mr. William Currie, of Galashiels, who, 
in response to an appeal through the newspapers, collected a large 



186 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

number of particulars concerning local works of the Southern 
counties. In addition to Dr. Murray I am indebted for suggestions 
and assistance to the Eev. Walter W. Skeat, Mr. William Doig, 
and other members of the E.D. S. ; to Mr. William Lawson, of 
the Chorlton High School, and Mr. Charles W. Sutton, of the 
Manchester Free Library. 



(A.) DICTIONAEIES AND GENERAL WOEKS. 



Date of 
Publication. 

*1710. Douglas, Gawin. Virgil's ^neis, translated into Scottish 
Verse by the famous Gawin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld. A new 
edition. To which is added a large Glossary, explaining the 
difficult words : which may serve as a Dictionary of the Scottish 
Language. [By T. Ruddiman.] Folio, pp. 486. Edinburgh, 
Symson and Freebairn. 

Euddiman's Glossary to Gawin Douglas, 88 folio pp. double columns, 
was the most important piece of work on the Scotch language till the 
work of Dr. Jamieson, which was largely founded upon it. 

1752. Hume, David. Political Discourses. 

Annexed is a collection of Scotticisms. 

1771. Elphinstone, James. On Scotticisms. Appendix to 
Animadversions on Elements of Criticism. 8vo. London, W. 
Owen. 

1779. Beattie, James [6. Kincardineshire, 1735 ; d. 1803] . 
Scotticisms, arranged in alphabetical order, designed to correct 
improprieties of speech and writing. Edinburgh. 

Published anonymously. Another edition, Edinburgh, 1787. 

1782. Sinclaie, John, M.P. Observations on the Scottish Dialect. 

London and Edinbiirgh. 

Contains : (1) Phrases Peculiar to Scotland ; (2) Words Peculiar to 
the Scots, or which they use in a sense different from the English. An 
interesting book, but not arranged in very good order, and without an 
Index. ,'' 

1783. [Tytlee, William, of Woodhouselee] . Tl^e Works of James I., 

King of Scotland, containing remarks on the Scots Language and 
the Northern Dialects, with a dissertation on Scottish Music. 
8vo. 

Another edition appeared in 1825. 



A. 1.] SCOTTISH DICTIONARIES. 187 

1799. Adams, Eev. James. The Pronunciation of the EngHsh 
Language Vindicated from imputed anomaly and caprice, with an 
Appendix in the Dialects of Human Speech in all Countries, 
and an analytical discussion and vindication of the Dialect of 
Scotland. Edinhurgh. 

The appendix on the Scottish Dialect occupies pp. 131 to 164. 

1799. Mitchell, Hugh, A.M. Scotticisms, Vulgar Anglicisms, 
and Grammatical Improprieties Corrected, with reasons for the 
corrections ; being a collection upon a new plan, alphabetically 
arranged, and adapted to the use of academies, men of business, 
and private famihes. By Hugh Mitchell, A.M., Master of the 
English and French Academy, Glasgow. 12mo. Glasgow. 

1801. Leyden, John. The Complaynt of Scotland (1548), with a 
preliminary Dissertation and Glossary. 

The Glossaky occupies pp. 305-384, and was "of very considerable 
value. The information contained in it has been largely used by 
others, with and without acknowledgment." See Dr. Murray's re- 
edition, Early English Text Society, extra series 1872, with notes on 
the Scottish language, p. xcvi.-cvi. 

"^'1808. Jamieson, Dr. John. Etymological Dictionary of the 
Scottish Language. Two volumes, 4to. Edinhurgh, 

John Jamieson, the author of this work, was born in Glasgow, in 
March, 1759, and died in Edinburgh, July, 1838. The above, the 
original work, was published by subscription; In 1825, a Supplement 
of equal size was issued in Edinburgh. After Jamieson's death, Mr. 
John Johnstone prepared a second edition of the work, in which the 
words of the Supplement were incorporated, and by the omission of the 
quotations contained in the latter, he was able to compress the whole 
into two quarto volumes, which were published in Edinburgh in 
1840-41. The same editor published an Abridgment in octavo in 184G. 
Finally, Johnstone's abridged edition was revised and enlarged by Dr. 
John Longmuir, and published at Aberdeen in one volume in 1867. 
This is a most convenient work of reference. It contains a Memoir of 
Jamieson, pp. ix. to xviii.; Dr. Jamieson's Dissertation on the Origin of 
the Scottish Language, pp. xix. to lix.; and the Dictionary, pp. 635. 

1822. The Literary Manual : containing Scotticisms, Vulgar 
Anglicisms, and Grammatical Improprieties corrected. 12mo. 
LondoUy J. Fairburn. 

1826. MoTHERBY, EoBERT. Taschen-Wortcrbucli des Schottischen 

Dialekts. Konigsherg, Borntriiger. 

A Pocket Dictionary of the Scottish Idiom, in which the signification 
of the words is given in English and German. 

1827. A Dictionary of the Scottish Language: containing an 

explanation of upwards of 6,000 words used by the most cele- 
brated ancient and modern Scottish authors. Edinhurgh^ John 
Dick and Co. 

1833. Scott, Sir Walter. A Complete Glossary for Sir Walter 
Scott's Novels and Eomances. 1 2mo. Paris, Baudry. 

The Centenary Edition of the Waverley Novels, published by Adam 
and Charles Black, Edinburgh, in 1870, in twenty-five volumes, gives a 
special Glossary "to such of the novels as require it." Dr. P. H. 
Waddell's edition, in thirteen volumes, published in 1876, also contains 
" a Glossary of Scotch words and foreign phrases for each volume." 



138 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1845. Bkown, Cax^taiu Thomas, M.W.S. A Dictionary of the 
Scottish Language ; comprehending all the words in common use 
in the writings of Scott, Burns, Wilson, Ramsay, and other 
popular Scottish authors. 12mo. London^ published by 
Simpkin and Marshall (Manchester printed). 

This was originally issued with the first edition of Wilson's Talcs of 
the Borders, published in quarto, in Manchester, about 1840. 

1855. Hints for Scotchmen: Scotticisms Corrected. (Never too 
late to learn. ) 12mo. London, J. F. Shaw. 

1855. Paterson, James. Origin of the Scots and the Scottish 
Language. Edinhurghj J. Menzies. 

A second edition published by W. P. Nimmo in 1858. A book best 
avoided. 

1858. A Handbook of the Scottish Language, a compendious 
Dictionary. By Cleishbotham the Younger. 8vo. 

1869. Starke, James, F.S.A. Notes on the Scottish Language, in 
the Transactions of the Dumfries and Galloway Natural History 
and Antiquarian Society for 1866-7 (pp. 49-59). Dumfries, 
W. R. Mc.Diarmid and Co. 

*1873. Murray, Dr. James A. H. The Dialect of the Southern 
Counties of Scotland : its Pronunciation, Grammar, and His- 
torical Eelations. With au Appendix on the present limits of 
the Gaelic and Lowland Scotch, and the Dialectical Divisions of 
the Lowland Tongue. And a Linguistical Map of Scotland. 
Philological Society's Transactions for 1870-72. Also published 
separately. 



(B.) WOEKS WHICH ILLUSTRATE THE DIALECTS OF 
THE COUNTIES. 



Pu?i£t?on. Aberdeenshire. 

1742. Forbes, Robert. Ajax, his Speech to the Grecian Knabbs, 
attempted in broad Buchans. By R. F., gent. To which is added 
a Journal to Portsmouth and a Shop-Bill in the same dialect, 
with a Key. 

This work has been frequently reprinted. There were subsequent 
editions in 1755, 1761, 1765, 1767, 1785, and 1791. In an edition pub- 
lished by A. Brown and Co., Aberdeen, pp* 30, the Key or Glossary 
occupies pp. 23-30. 



A. 1.] SCOTLA.ND— COUNTY DIALECTS. 139 

1768. Boss, Alexander, A.M. [of Loclilee, 1699-1784]. Helenore, 
the Fortunate Shepherdess. A Poem in the broad Scotch 
dialect. Abe^'deen. 

Other editions have appeared, Aberdeen in 1778 and 1789; Edin- 
burgh, 1804 (with a humorous poem in the broad Scotch dialect, 
addressed to Alex. Ross by Dr. Beattie) ; Dundee, 1812 (with Life of 
Ross by his grandson, the Rev. Alex. Manson) ; and Edinburgh (W. P. 
Nimmo) 1868, with a sketch of Glenesk, a Life of the Author, and an 
account of his inedited works, by John Longmuir, LL.D. Chambers 
in his Scottish So7ig terms the Fortunate Shepherdess " a dramatic poem 
in the Mearus dialect." 

1785. Ferguson, Eev. D. Scots' Poems ; a Select Collection, 
chiefly in the broad Buchan Dialect ; also, a collection of Scots' 
Proverbs. 12mo. Edinburgh. 

1787. Shirrefs, Andrew, A.M. Jamie and Bess, a Pastoral 
Comedy. 12mo. Aberdeen. 

1790. Shirrefs, Andrew, A.M. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish 
Dialect. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

There is a Glossary at the end of the book. 

1809. Skinner, Eev. John [1721-1827] . Amusements of Leisure 
Hours, or Poetical Pieces chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 8vo. 

Skinner, Eev. John. Songs and Poems, by the Eev. John 

Skinner, author of " Tullochgorum." With a sketch of his life, 
by H. G. Reid. Pp. xxxvi. and 98. Peterhead, AV. L. Taylor ; 
Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd ; Glasgow, Grifiin and Co. ; London, 
Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. 1859. 
The Glossaey occupies pp. 95-98. 

1844. Thom, William [of Inverury] . Ehymes and EecoUections 
of a Handloom Weaver. 12mo. 

1867. The Goodwife at Home, in metre, in the dialect of the 
north-west district of Aberdeenshire ; with a Glossary. By a 
Lady. First and second editions, pp. 19. Aberdeen, A. Brown 
and Co. 

The Glossary occupies pp. 15 to 19.— W. W. S. 

1871. Alexander, . Johnny Gibb of Gushetneuk, in the Parish 

of Pyketillim ; with glimpses of the parish politics about a.d. 
1843. [By — Alexander, of the Aberdeen Free Press.'] Aberdeen, 
Robert Walker. 

Reprinted from the Aberdeen Free Press. " The intention of the 
writer was to pourtray some forms of character not uncommon in the 
rural life of Aberdeenshire a quarter of a century ago, at least. . . . 
Illustrations of real life, mainly of an old-fashioned sort, and of a local 
dialect which is getting gradually pushed into the background or 
divested of some of its more characteristic forms of eypression, have 
been attempted."— Pre/ace. 

1877. Alexander, . Notes and Sketches Illustrative of Northern 

Rural Life in the Eighteenth Century. By the author of 
"Johnny Gibb of Gushetneuk." Edinburgh, David Douglas. 



140 BIBLIOGKAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1873. The Guidman o' Inglismaill, and Tlie Fairy Bride, with 
Glossary and Introduction. Foolscap 4to, pp. xxvii. and 88. 
Edinburgh, Edmonstoun and Douglas ; Peterhead^ D. Scott. 
The Glossary occupies pp. 83-88. 

Ayrshire. 

1786. Burns, Egbert [h, near Ayr, January 25, 1759 ; d. July 

21, 1796]. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. A thin 8vo, 
pp. 240. Kilmarnock, John Wilson. 

1787. Burns, Egbert. PGems. Second edition. 8vg, pp. 368. 

Printed for the author, in Edinburgh, Edinburgh, William 
Creech. 

1787. Burns, Egbert. Poems. Third edition. Printed in London 
for A. Strahan ; T. Cadell, in the Strand ; and W. Creech, 
Edinburgh. 

Differs in no respect from the Edinburgh impression of the same 
year, except in the names on the title page. 

1793. Burns, Egbert. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 

Two vols., small 8vo. The second edition considerably enlarged. 
Printed at Edinburgh, for T. Cadell, London, and William 
Creech, Edinburgh. 

Differs from the preceding ones only in the order in which some of 
the pieces occur, and by the insertion of The Lament for the Earl of 
Glencairn. 

1794. Burns, Egbert. The Same. 

Printed in the same form for the same publishers, with merely a few 
verbal alterations. This was the last impression of Burns's Works 
published in his lifetime. It was revised with great care by the Poet, 
and received his last corrections. The variations in the editions of 
1787, 1793, and 1794 are very slight. 

The subsequent editions of Burns's works are innumerable. Two 
were published in the United States within a year of the appearance of 
the second (1787) edition in Edinburgh— one in New York, and one in 
Philadelphia. Dr. Currie issued an edition of Burns's Works, with 
Life and Criticisms, in four volumes, Liverpool, 1800. Keliques and 
Letters, by R. H. Cromek, London, 1808. The Life of Burns, by J. 
Gr. Lockhart, Edinburgh, 1828. Works, edited by Allan Cunningham, 
with Life by A. C, and Notes by Sir Walter Scott, Campbell, Words- 
worth, and Lockhart, London, 1847, contains 150 pieces more than are 
to be found in Currie's Edition. Life and Works of Burns, by Eobert 
Chambers, four vols., 1857. The Aldine Edition, with Memoir by Sir 
Harris Nicholas, and Glossary, three vols. , 1839 and 1866. The Globe 
Edition, Poems, Songs, and Letters, edited from the best printed and 
manuscript authorities, with Glossarial Index and Biographical Memoir, 
by Alexander Smith, in one vol., 1866. The Library Edition, in six 
volumes, demy 8vo, (Vols. I.— III., Poetry; IV. — VI., Prose Works) ; 
edited by W. Scott Douglas, with explanatory notes, various readings, 
and glossary, engravings on steel and wood, fac-similes, maps, and 
music ; Paterson, Edinburgh, 1877-8. Altogether more than 130 
editions have been published of Burns's poems and songs. Many of 
them contain Glossaries of varying degrees of value. 

1789. SiLLAR, David. Poems. 8yo. Kilmarnock, J. Wilson. 



A. 1.] SCOTLAND— COUNTY DIALECTS. 141 

1811. AiTON, William. General View of tlie Agriculture of tiie 
County of Ayr. Olasgoiv, A. Napier. 

Contains pp. 681-693, "Provincial Terms and G-lossary." 
1820. Galt, John [b. Irvine, 1779 ; d. Greenock, 1839] . The Ayr- 
shire Legatees. First puhlished in Blackwood's Magazine. 

Gait was the author of several tales depicting provincial and village 
life in Scotland. His Annals of the Parish, 1760-1810, sketches the 
growth of a Scottish village from a rural to a manufacturing town, at 
the latter end of last century. His other stories are Lawrie Todd, The 
Provost, Sir Andrew Wylie, The Steamboat, The Entail, and The Last of 
the Lairds. 

1847. Ballads and Songs of Ayrshire, with historical and tradi- 
tional sketches. 8vo. Edinburgh, T. G. Stevenson. 

A previous edition of this work, in two series, was published at Ayr, 
in 1846, by J. Dick. 

1850. Brown, J. D. Ballads, founded on Ayrshire Traditions, 
with Minor Poems and Lyrics. 12mo. Kilmarnock, M. Wilson. 

''1869. Waddell, Eev. P. Hately, LL.D. Critical and Analytical 
Edition of the Life and Works of Kobert Burns. Two volumes, 
quarto. Glasgoiv, Wilson. 

Contains an important paper on "Burns and the Scottish Language." 

Banffshire. 

'1866. Gregoe, Eev. Walter. The Dialect of Banffshire, with a 
Glossary of Words not in Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary. Pp. 
232. Transactions of the Philological Society, 1866. London, 
Asher and Co. 

1876. Smiles, Samuel. Life of a Scotch Naturalist: Thomas 
Edward [of Banff], Associate of the Linnsean Society. London, 
Murray. 8vo. Pp, xix., 438. 

Contains occasional illustrations of the dialect. 

Berwickshire. 

1856. Popular Ehymes, Sayings, and Proverbs of the County of 
Berwick. With illustrative notes by George Henderson. Small 
8vo. 

1873. Steel, Andrew. The Poetical Works of Andrew Steel, 
Coldstream. Second edition. V^. Ml.' Edinburgh, 3 ohn'Fov&yih., 

Contains twenty-three poems and songs in literary Scotch; the 
others (42) in English. 

1876. Brockie, William. The Leaderside Legends. Pp. 48. 

Sunderland, Thomas F. Brockie. 

Nine poems in Scotch of an oldish style. 

1877. Brockie, William. The Confessional, and other Poems. 

Pp. 250. Sunderland, Thomas F. Brockie. 

Contains 149 pieces, twenty-five of which are in Scotch, the rest 
English* Some in very fine old Scotch.— W. Curkie. 



142 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Dumbartonshire. 

1817. Walker, John [Farmer, Luss]. Poems in English, Scotch, 
and Gaelic, on various subjects. 12mo. Glasgow, Young, Gallic, 
and Co. 

Dumfriesshire. 

1777. Mayne, John [1759-1836]. The Siller Gun. Single quarto 
sheet. Dumfries. 

Expanded to two cantos in 1779 ; to three in 1780 ; to four in 1808. 
Published in London, with Notes and Glossary. In 1836 it appeared 
in five cantos. 

1810. Cromek, E. H. Eemains of Nithsdale and Galloway Song, 
with liistorical and Traditionary Notices of the Manners and 
Customs of the Peasantry. 8vo. London, Cadell and Davies. 

1828. EicHAEDsoN, Mrs. (Dumfries). Poems. Pp. 227. Edinburgh, 
Cadell and Co. 

Three pieces in Scotch, and sixty-five in English. 

1875. Anderson, Alexander. The Two Angels, and Other Poems. 
By Alexander Anderson, Kirkconnel, Dumfriesshire. Pp. 232. 
London, Simpkin. 

Contains sixty-three pieces, eighteen in the Scotch dialect. 

Edinburghshire. 

1773. Ferguson, Eobert [b. Edinburgh, 1750; d. 1774]. Poems. 
12mo. Edinburgh. 

Subsequent editions appeared at Perth in 1789, two volumes ; Glas- 
gow, 1800 ; Edinburgh, with Glossary and Life, in 1805 and 1807 ; 
Greenock, 1810 ; and many others since. 

1795. Macneill, Hector \b. Eosebank, on the Esk, near Eoslin, 

1746; d. 1818]. Scotland's Scaith, or the History of Will and 
Jean. 

1796. Macneill, Hector. The Waes of o' War, or the Upshot o' 

the History o' Will and Jean. 

Contains also other pieces — "Saw ye my wee thing?" "My Boy 
Tammy,'] " Come under my Plaidie." Of the Waes o' War, ten thou- 
sand copies were sold in a month. A collected edition of his Poems 
appeared in two volumes in 1801 ; a second collected edition in 1806 ; 
and a third in 1812. 

1798. Crawford, David. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 
8vo. Edinburgh. 

1801. Thomson, James ['' Weaver in Kenleith"]. Poems in the 
Scottish Dialect. 8vo. Edinburgh, J. Pillans and Co. 

1803. BoswELL, Sir Alexander, Bart. [1775-1822]. Songs, chiefly 
in the Scottish Dialect. 

Published anonymously. A complete edition of his Poems, with 
memoir by Robert Howie Smith, appeared in 1871. 



A. 1.] SCOTLAND— COUNTY DIALECTS. 143 

1812. FoKBEs, Peter. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 
12mo. Edinburgh. 

1814. Nelson, Edwin Paul. Poetical Works, chiefly in the Scot- 
tish Dialect. 12mo. Edinhurgli. 

1821. LiDDLE, William. Poems on different occasions, chiefly in 

the Scottish Dialect. Edinburgh. 

1822. Wilson, Egbert. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 

8vo. Edinburgh, Constable and Co. 

1822. HowDEN, E. The King's Welcome to Edinburgh, by a 
Country Shepherd, his Wife and Daughter. An exceedingly 
popular piece, often reprinted. One reprint, 1872. 24 pp., 12rao. 
Edinburgh, John Menzies ; Galashiels, David Craighead. 
Spelling rather English, but diction and humour broadly Scotch. 

1828. MoiR, David Macbeth [b. 1798 ; d. 1851]. The Life of 
Mansie Wauch, Tailor in Dalkeith : Written by Himself. 12mo. 
Pp. 374. 

This admirable piece of humour began in BlacTcivood's Magazine, in 
1824, and appeared there serially for nearly three years. Many editions 
of the work have since been published in a separate form. Tlie dialect 
is pure Edinburgh. 

1864. Tammas Bodkin : or, the Humours of a Scottish Tailor. 
Small Svo. Edi7iburgh, J. Menzies. 

1862. Elliott, N. The Literary Hours of a Working Man. 
Pp. 212. Edinburgh, Paton and Ritchie. 
Contains ten pieces in Scotch. 

1866. Inglis, John (Edinburgh). Poems and Songs. Pp. 226. 
Edinburgh, Ballantyne, Eoberts, and Co. 

Fourteen poems and songs in hterary Scotch, the rest in English. 

1870. Laudeb, James. Warblings of a Caged Bird. Pp. 104. 
Leith, John Johnston. 

Forty-one pieces, 28 of which are in Scotch. 

1870. Smith, James. Poems, Songs, and Ballads. Third edition, 

enlarged. Edinburgh and London, Wm. Blackwood and Sons. 

The worthiest representative of the old Scottish ]^oetsi.— London 

Scotsman. 

1871. Smith, James. Jenny Blair's Maunderings, adapted for 

Recital. Second edition, enlarged. Edinburgh, John Menzies. 
Twelve prose pieces in Edinburgh Scotch. 

1872. Smith, James. Habbie and Madge : a series of Scottish 

Dialogues in humble life. Second edition. Edinburgh, J. 
Menzies. 

Pictures of humble life, literal as photographs.— JBe/oraier. 



144 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1872. Smith, James. Humorous Scotcli Stories, &c., adapted 
for recital. By James Smith, Author of " Poems, Songs, and 
Ballads," " Habbie and Madge," " Jennie Blair's Maunderings." 
Seventh edition, seventeenth thousand. Edinburgh, John 
Menzies. 

Fifeshire. 

1771. Barnard, Lady Anne [1750-1825]. Auld Eobin Gray. 

1876. Macdonald, George. Alec Forbes of Howglen : a novel. 

Scene laid chiefly in St. Andrew's. Represents the dialect of Fife- 
shire. 

Forfarshire, 

1850. Jamie, William. Stray Effusions, or Gleanings from Na- 

ture. Second edition. Pp. 208. Montrose, Lawson. 
Sixty-five poems and songs, princially in literary Scotch. 

1851. Watson, Thomas. The Ehymer's Family : a collection of 

bantlings. Pp. 109. Arbroath, Kennedy and Kamsay. 

Thirty-five pieces, of which nineteen are in Scotch, one very old 
Scotch— [W. CURRIE.] 

1853. Jamie, William, The Emigrant's Family ; or Scotland and 
Australia, and other Poems. Pp. 120. Glasgow, John Neilson. 
Most of the pieces in Scotch. 

Kirkcudbright and Wigtown. 

1797. Cunningham, Thomas M. [b. 1776 ; d. 1834]. Har'st Kirn, 
and other Poems and Songs. 

1824. The Scottish Gallovidian Encyclopaedia ; or the Original, 
Antiquated, and Natural Curiosities of the South of Scotland ; 
containing sketches of eccentric characters and curious places, 
with explanations of singular words, terms, and phrases ; inter- 
spersed with poems, tales, anecdotes, &c., and various other 
strange matters; the whole illustrative of the ways of the 
peasantry, and manners of Caledonia ; Drawn into and alpha- 
betically arranged. By John Mactaggart. London, printed for 
the Author, and sold by Morison, Fenchurch Street. 

Reprinted in 1876. London : Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 250 copies. 
A remarkable medley of vocabulary, biography, and rural scandal. 
The writer's impudence and conceit are appalling, but the book con- 
tains much vernacular rhyme and story. — J. A. H. M. 

Haddingtonshire. 

1745. Skirving, Adam [1719-1803]. Songs : Tranent Muir, and 
Johnny Cope. 

1819. Gall, Kichaed [b. Dunbar, 1776 ; d. 1801]. Songs, with 
Memoir by Alexander Balfour. 



A. 1.] SCOTLAND— COUNTY DIALECTS. 145 

1861. EoBEKTS, John. Ehyme .and Eeason ; a real Miller's 
Musings : In Prose and Verse. By John Koberts, Bard of the 
North. Pp. 84. Dunbar. 

About half of the contents Scotch, 

1876. Teenan, Joseph. Song and Satire, by Joseph Teenan, East 
Linton, Prestonkirk. Pp. 82. Edinburgh, Nimmo. 
Contents principally in thoroughly literary Scotch. 

Lanarkshire. 

1720. Ramsay, Allan [b. Crawford parish, 1686; d. 1768]. Poems. 
Edinburgh, for the Author. 

1720. Eamsay, Allan. Patie and Eoger, a Pastoral, in the Scots 
Dialect. To which is added an imitation of the Scotch Pastoral, 
by Josiah Burchett, Esq. London. 

This was the first sketch of the Gentle Shepherd. 

1725. Eamsay, Allan. The Gentle Shepherd, a Scots Pastoral 
Comedy. 8vo. Edinburgh. 

Innumerable editions have since appeared. That of 1788 (Glasgow) 
contains a glossary, as does the Edinburgh edition of 1807. Lowndes 
says Shenstone's copy of an Edinburgh edition of 1755, interleaved in 
folio, with a copious glossary and notes by him, is in the Grenville 
Collection. 

1727. Eamsay, Allan. Poems. First collective edition, with 
Glossary of Scottish words. Two volumes. Edinburgh. 

1731. Eamsay, Allan. Poems, with new additions. Glossary, 
and Notes. Two volumes, 12mo. Edinburgh. 

1800. Eamsay, Allan. Poems, corrected and enlarged, with a 
Glossary ; to which are prefixed, a Life of the Author by G. 
Chalmers, and Remarks on his Genius by Lord Woodhouselee. 
Two volumes. London. 

Reprinted by Alex. Gardner, Paisley, in 1877, in two volumes, pp. 
386 and 458, with a Glossaky. 

1815. LocHORE, EoBERT [1762-1852J. Tales in Ehyme, and 
Minor Pieces ; in the Scottish Dialect. 

1827. Motherwell, William p. Glasgow, 1797; (^.1835]. Poems. 

A second edition appeared in 1847, and a third, greatly enlarged, in 
1865, with memoir by James M'Conechy. About twenty of the pieces 
only are in the Scottish dialect, and some of these are confessedly 
imitations of old Scots ballads. 

1865. Macdonald, Hugh. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 
12mo. 

1869. Johnstone, Ellan (" The Factory Girl"). Autobiography, 
Poems, and Songs. Second edition. Pp. 238. Olasgow, Wilham 
Love. 

Twenty-three poems and songs in the Scottish dialect. Of the 
remainder, some are by other authors. 



146 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1870. Johnstone, Thomas. A Soldier's Thoughts in Verse. By 
Thomas Johnstone, late of the 79th Highlanders. With prefa- 
tory note by Kev. James M 'Naught, Maitland Free Church, 
Glasgow. Pp. 159. Edinburgh and Glasgow, Menzies. 
Thirty-five pieces in Scotch, 

1873. Nicholson, James (Govan). AVee Tibbie's Garland, and 
Other Poems. Glasgow, James Mc.Greachy. 

Thirty-three poems and songs in good literary Scotch, and seven in 
English. 

1877. Murdoch, Alexander G. (Glasgow). The Laird's Lyke- 
wake, and Other Poems. Pp. 208. London, Simpkin. 
Mostly in literary Scotch. 

1877. Thom, Robert W. The Courtship and Wedding of Jock o' 
the Knowe. Pp. 60. Price Is. Glasgoiv, W. Porteous and Co., 
and William Love. 

The Glasgoio Herald says this "is a poem which redeems from a long 
uninspired usage the sweet and homely Doric of the southern counties." 

Nairnshire. 

1828. Gordon, W. [of Nairn]. Original Poems on various sub- 
jects, both instructive and entertaining, with a variety of 
amusing Scotch Songs and other pieces ; with Notes and 
Remarks. Small 8vo. Elgin, R, Johnston. 

Peeblesshire. 

1805. NicoL, James [1769-1819]. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish 
Dialect. Two volumes, 12mo. 

Perthshire. 

a6.1780. Nairne, Caroline, Baroness [1766-1845]. Life and 
Songs of the Baroness Nairne. Edited by the Rev. Charles 
Rogers. Pp. 303. 1869. 

Authoress of " The Laird o' Cockpen," and " The Land o' the 
Leal." The volume contains 89 pieces, of which 70 are in Scotch, and 
a Glossary. 

1802. Kerr, Symon. Scottish Poems and Songs. 12mo. Perth, 
R. Morison. 

Renfrewshire. 

1788. PiCKEN, Ebenezer [1769-1816]. Poems. Sm. 8vo. Paisley. 

1792. Wilson, Alexander [the Ornithologist : h. 1766 ; d. 1813]. 
Watty and Meg. 

Of this Poem, 100,000 copies were sold in a few weeks. It is con- 
stantly reprinted as a chap-book ; alone, or with " Will and Jean" and 
other pieces. 



A. 1.] SCOTLAND — COUNTY DIALECTS. 147 

1807. Tannahill, Bobeet [b. Paisley, 1774 ; d. 1810]. Poems and 
Songs. 

A new and larger edition, with memoir by Philip A. Ramsay, 
appeared in Glasgow in 1838. A Centenary edition was published in 
1874. 

1813. Miscellaneous Poems, Songs, &c., partly in tlie Scottish 
Dialect ; with a copious Glossary. By Ebenezer Picken. Two 
volumes, 12mo. Published by J. Clarke, Edinhiirgh. 

1816. Wilson, Alexander. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 
With an Account of his Life and Writings. 12mo. Paisley. 
An edition of the Poems, with a memoir, 12mo, was published in 
Belfast in 1857. Another edition, with memoir and notes, by Eev. 
A. B. Grosart. Two vols. 8vo. Gardner, Paisley, 1876. 

1819. The Harp of Kenfrewshire : A Collection of Songs and other 
Poetical Pieces, many of which are original ; accompanied with 
Notes, explanatory, critical, and biographical ; and a short Essay 
on the Poets of Renfrewshire. Paisley. 

^ Edited by W. Motherwell, who wi-ote the introductory essay. The 
list of the poets of Renfrewshire begins with Sir Hugh Moiitgbmerie, 
who died at an advanced age in 1545, and ends with Robert Tannahill. 

1830. Picken, Andrew [b. Paisley, 17^8 ; d. 1833] . The Dominie's 
Legacy. Three volumes. "^" 

1836. Allan, Eobert [1774-1841]. Poems.- Glasgow. 

1876. GiLMOuR, David. Paisley Weavers of Other Days ; and 
The " Pen' Folk." Paisley, Alex. Gardner. 

The " Pen' Folk " was published some, years previously in a separate 
form. Both works represent the dialec% of the Paisley weavers. 

Roxburghshire. 

1811. Scott, Andrew [of Bowden, 1757-1839]. Poems, chiefly in 

the Scottish Dialect. Kelso. 

1815. EuiCKBiE, James. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 
Hawick, printed for the Author by Robert Armstrong. Pp. 242. 
Mostly literary Scotch, with local colouring. 

1819. Leyden, John. Scenes of Infancy and other Poems, edited 
by Rev. J. Morton. 

Many subsequent editions ; two at the Leyden Centenary, 1875, both 
very complete. " Lord Soulis " is the chief Scottish poem. 

1821. ScoTT, Andrew. Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect. 
Jedburgh. 

1824. Telfer, James. Border Ballads and other Miscellaneous 
Pieces. 8vo, pp. 164. J^ec^^wrgf/e, printed for the Author by Walter 
Easton. 

A few of the ballads are in Scotch. 

1826. Scott, Andrew. Poems on Various Subjects. Edinburgh, 



148 BIBLIOGKAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1, 

1847. BiDDELL, Heney Scott. Poems, Songs, and Miscellaneous 
Pieces. 12mo. Edinhurgh. 

1853. Competing and other Poems on the Auld Brig, Haivick, 
J. D. Kennedy. 

On the removal of a very ancient Bridge over the Slitrig in Hawick, 
a silver medal was offered by the Corporation for the best poem on the 
subject. The prize poem was in English, but several of the others 
were in Scotch, and good examples of the " local Doric," specially one 
by the late W. N. Kennedy. Besides those printed in this brochure^ 
several appeared separately in broadsides. 

1862. Smith, John G. ' [of Ednam]. The Old Churchyard, The 
Twa Mice, and Miscellaneous Poems and Songs. Kelso, printed 
for the Author by R. Stewart. 

About half of the poems are in literary Scotch ; the rest English. 

1867. Whyte, Robert. Poems, including Tales, Ballads, and 
Songs. Pp. 332. Kelso, J. and J. H. Rutherfurd. 
A few of these are in literary Scotch ; the rest English. 

1871. Allan, Eobert (Jedburgh). Poems. Pp. 149. Jedburgh, 
Thomas Small. 

Four pieces in the Scottish dialect, the remainder (27) in English. 

1871. RiDDELL, Henry Scott. The Poetical Works of, edited, with 
a memoir, by James Brydon, M.D., Hawick. Two volumes, 8vo. 
Pp. Ixxvi. and 686. Olasgmo, Maurice Ogle and Co. 

Eiddell was the author of " Scotland yet ! " " The Crook and Plaid," 
" Our ain folk," " The Dowie Dens o' Yarrow," "Johnnie Nipnebs," 
and many other of the finest of modern Scottish songs. He died in 
1870, and a gigantic memorial cairn has been erected to his memory 
near Teviothead. 

There are also " The Rustic Bard," by John Halliday, of Lang- 
baulk ; and poems by James Thompson, of Hawick, and Robert 
Crosbie, of Galashiels, and several other local works in verse, the 
titles and dates of which have not been obtained. Many speci- 
mens of the local dialect occur in the Transactions of the Hawick 
Archa)ological Society, and in the files of the Hawick Advertiser 
and other newspapers. 

Selkirkshire. 

1755. Elliott, Jean [b. 1727; d. 1805]. The Flowers of the 
Forest. 

1801. Hogg, James [b, 1770; d. 1835]. Scottish Pastorals, 
Poems, and Songs, mostly written in the dialect of the South. 
Printed by John Taylor, Grassmarket [^(ii?i&z^7-^/j-]. Svo, 62 pp. 
Price Is. 

A copy in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 

1838. Hogg, James. The Ettrick Shepherd's Tales, in six vols, 



A. 1.] SCOTLAND— COUNTY DIALECTS. 149 

1840. Hogg, James. The Poetical Works of the Ettrick Shepherd. 
In Five volumes, 8vo. Blackie and Son, Glasgow^ Edinburgh^ 
and London. 

This is the complete edition of Hogg's Works. 

1822-85. Wilson, John (Christopher North). Noctes Ambro- 
siante in Blackwood's Magazine. Afterwards included in his 
collected works. 

Represents chiefly the dialect of Teviotdale, in the person of the 
Shepherd (James Hogg.) Began in Blackwood in March, 1822, and 
ended in the February number of 1835. 

1863. CuREiE, James (Selkirk). Wayside Musings : Poems and 
Songs. Pp. 138. Selkirk, George Lewis. 

Thirty-nine pieces in literary Scotch, the rest English . 

Shetland and Orkney. 

*1866. Edmonston, Thomas [of Buness, Shetland]. An Etymo- 
logical Dictionary of the Shetland and Orkney Dialect, with 
some derivations of names and places in Shetland. Philological 
Society's Transactions for 1866. 8vo, pp. vii., 168. London and 
Berlin, Asher and Co. 

General Dialect. 

1793. Poems on different subjects, partly in the Scottish Dialect, 
by Samuel Thomson. 12mo. Belfast. 

1814-31. Scott, Sir Walter. The Waverley Novels. Innumer- 
able editions. 

The novels in which the Scottish dialect is used are Waverley, Guy 
Mannering, The Antiquary, Black Dwarf, Old Mortality, Heart of 
Mid-Lothian, Bride of Lammermoor, Legend of Montrose, Rob Roy, 
Monastery, Abbot, Fortunes of Nigel, Redgauntlet, and some of the 
Chronicles of the Canongate. A Glossary" to the Scotch words in aU 
these is given in the Centenary Edition of the Novels, 1870. 

1832. The Historical Scotish Village, and other Pastorals of 
Lintoun Green in 1685, Carlop Green in 1793, Peggy's Myll at 
Carlops, &c. By Robert Dunmoor Craufurd Brown. 8vo. Pub- 
lished by J. Anderson, jun., Edinburgh. 

*1841. Chambees, Egbert. Popular Rhymes of Scotland. Edin- 
burgh, W. and R. Chambers. — Third edition, with Additions, 
including Original Poems. 1858. A few of the latter are 
Scotch. — New edition, greatly enlarged. London and Edinburgh. 

1870. 

A collection of surpassing value. Contains the popular rhymes of 
the nursery, playground, and local folk-lore, rhymes on times, places, 
persons, families, and weather, nursery tales, fireside stories, riddles, and 
proverbs. The "stories " are in capital modem Scotch.— J. A. H, M. 

1856. The Gospel of St. Matthew. Translated into Lowland 
Scotch, by H. S. Riddell. Impensis L. L. Bonaparte. London. 
11 



150 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

The Song of Solomon. In Lowland Scotch. By J. P. 

Kobson. Impensis L. L. Bonaparte. 

Mr.Robson is a native of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and is locally known 
as "The Bard of the Tyne." The above version was considered by 
Prince L. L. Boraparte to be better Scotch than any done for him by 
Scotchmen. 

1857. The Book of Psalms in Lowland Scotch, from the Author- 
ised English Version, by Henry Scott Riddell. Impensis L. L. 
Bonaparte. 

1859. Living Bards of the Border. Compiled by James Watson, 

Galashiels. Pp. 223. Edinburgh, Paton and Ritchie. 

A portion of these pieces are in literary Scotch, literary Scotch 
dashed with local dialect, or literary English with Scottish admixture ; 
the rest are English. 

1860. The Song of Solomon in Lowland Scotch. From the 

Authorised English Version. For Prince L. L. Bonaparte. 

1862. The Song of Solomon in Lowland Scotch. From the 
Authorised English Version. By George Henderson. For Prince 
L. L. Bonaparte. 

1862. The Gospel of St. Matthew. Translated into Lowland 
Scotch, by George Henderson. Impensis Ludovici Luciani Bona- 
parte. 

1870. EoBSON, J. P. Evangeline ; together with a copious selec- 
tion of Miscellaneous Poems and Songs, Sentimental, Humorous, 
and Local. By J. P. Robson. Newcastle-upo7i-Tyne. 

Many of the "Miscellaneous Poems and Songs" are in literary 
Scotch, the excellence of which fully supports the prince's opinion 
given above. 

1870. Nicholson, James. Idylls o' Hame, and other Poems. 

Pp. 249. Glasgow, J. Mc.Geachy ; Edinburgh, Menzies. 
Fifty-three pieces, 38 in Scotch, with a Glossaky. 

1871. Waddell, Eev. P. H. The Psalms ; frae Hebrew intil 

Scottis. By P. Hately Waddell, LL.D., Minister. Edinburgh, 
J. Menzies and Co. ; Glasgow, T. and J. Lochhead, and William 
Love. Pp. ii. and 106. 

In no particular dialect, and containing " on an average, not more 
than five words in a thousand exclusively very old Scotch," according 
to the author's own statement. 



A. 1.] SCOTLAND — COLLECTIONS. 151 



(C.) COLLECTIONS. 

The Collections of Songs, Poems, Proverbs, and other Mis- 
cellanies are innumerable and of various degrees of merit. The 
subjoined list makes no pretensions to completeness: — 

1641. Scottish Proverbs, gathered together by David Ferguson, 
sometime minister at Dumferline, and put ordine alphahetico 
when he departed this life, anno 1598. Edinhurgfh. 

Dean Ramsay says : ' ' The book is now extremely rare, and fetches 
a high price. The proverbs, amounting to 945, are given without any 
comment or explanation ; many of them are of a very antique cast of 
language ; indeed some would be to most persons quite unintelligible 
without a lexicon." There is a copy of the book in the library of the 
Writers to the Signet. Dean Ramsay gives a selection from the 
proverbs in the fifth chapter of his Reminiscences of Scottish Life and 
Character. 

1707. Select Proverbs, Italian, Spanish, French, English, Scottish, 
and British, chiefly Moral. Published by P. Monkton, London. 
The Scottish Proverbs are at pp. 118-122. 

1709. Watson's Collection of Scottish Poems. Edinburgh. 

1721. A Complete Collection of Scottish Proverbs, explained and 
made intelligible to the English Reader. By James Kelly, M.A. 
8vo. Published by W. and J. Innys, London. 

A volume of nearly 400 pages. Contains a short explanation or 
commentary attached to each proverb, and often parallel sayings from 
other languages. Kelly says : " There were current in society upwards 
of 3,000 proverbs, exclusively Scottish." His book is constantly quoted 
by Jamieson, and Dean Ramsay bears testimony to its excellence "for 
the study of good old Scotch." 

1724. Eamsay, Allan. The Tea-table Miscellany : a Collection of 
Choice Songs, Scots and English. Two volumes, 12mo. Edinburgh. 
A third volume appeared in 1736, and a fourth in 1740. Editions 
afterwards appeared at Glasgow, Kilmarnock, and Berwick, the last- 
named in two volumes, in 1793. 

1737. Eamsay, Allan. Collection of Scots Proverbs. 12mo. 

Edinburgh. 

Editions in 1750, 1776, 1781, 1797, and later. 

1733. Orpheus Caledonius. A Collection of the best Scottish 
Songs. By William Thomson. Edinburgh. 

1740. The Lark, containing a Collection of above four hundred 
and seventy celebrated English and Scotch Songs, none of which 
are contain'd in The Syren and The Nightingale. With a fcurious 
and copious Alphabetical Glossary for explaining the Scotch 
Words. 12mo. Published by J. Osborn, London. 

1753. The Union, or Select Scots and English Poems. 12mo. 
Published by A. Munro and D. Murray, Edinburgh. 



152 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1776. Herd, David. A Collection of Scottish Songs. Edinburgh. 

1778. The Scots Nightingale, or Edinburgh Vocal Miscellany; a 
New Selection of the best Scots and English Songs. Collected 
by James Murray. 12 mo. Published by J. Murray, Edinburgh. 

1781. Scottish Tragic Ballads. Small 8vo. Pubhshed by J. 

Nichols, London. 

1783. Select Scottish Ballads. Two volumes, 12mo. Published 
by J. Nichols, London. 

1787. The Scots' Musical Museum. A Collection of the National 
Songs of Scotland, by Johnson. 

A new edition was published by Blackwood in 1838. 

1794. Piitson's Collection of Scottish Songs. Edinburgh. 

1798. Songs of the Lowlands of Scotland, carefully compared with 
the original editions. 4to. VxxhlmhQ^hy A.. Yovlis, Edinburgh. 

1802. Scott, Sir Walter. Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, 
consisting of historical and romantic Ballads, collected in the 
Southern counties, with a few of modern date, founded upon 
local tradition. Collected by Sir Walter Scott, Bart. Two 
volumes, 8vo. First edition, Kelso^ 1802 ; second, in three 
volumes, Edinburgh, 1803, Keprint of Complete Edition, Lon- 
don, Alex. Murray, 1869. 

Contains several modern ballads and rhymes. 

1806. The Falls of Clyde, a Scottish Dramatic Pastoral. 8vo. 

This volume contains also three dissertations : on Fairies, on the 
Scottish Language, and on Pastoral Poetry. 

1808. Scottish Historical and Eomantic Ballads, chiefly Ancient, 
with explanatory Notes and a Glossary ; to which are prefixed 
some Remarks on the Early State of Romantic Composition in 
Scotland, by James Finlay. Two volumes, 8vo. 

1813. Bay's Complete Collection of EngHsh Proverbs. Fifth 
edition. By Balfour. 

Gives a separate collection of those which are considered Scottish 
Proverbs. John Ray professed to take these from Ferguson's old 
work, issued in 1641. 

1815. Scottish Ballads, Tales, and Songs. With explanatory Notes 
and Observations, by John Gilchrist. Two volumes, Svo. Edin- 
burgh. 

1819. The Jacobite Belies of Scotland; being the Songs, Airs, and 
Legends of the Adherents to the House of Stuart. Collected 
and illustrated by James Hogg. Two volumes, 8vo. 
Another edition issued in 1874. 

1821. The Caledonian Muse: a Clu'onological Selection of Scottish 
Poetry from the earliest times. Edited by the late Joseph Ritson. 
Small 8vo. Printed 1785 ; now first pubhshed by R. Triphook, 
Lo7idon. 



A. 1.] SCOTLAND — COLLECTIONS. 153 

1822. The Scotcli Haggis ; consisting of Anecdotes, Jests, curious 

and rare Articles of Literature. Small 8vo. Published by D. 
Webster and Son, Edinburgh. 

1823. The Beauties of Scottish Poets, Ancient and Modern, with 

Biographical Sketches of their Authors, and Notes illustrative 
and explanatory of the Ancient Poems. Embellished with En- 
gravings. Pp. 288. Glasgow, Richard Griffin and Co., Hutcheson- 
street ; and Thomas Tegg, Cheapside, London. 

Contains in modern Scotch, "Scotland's Skaith, or the History of 
Will and Jean," " The Waes o' War, or the Upshot of the History of 
Will and Jean," and " The Links of Forth, or a Parting Peep at the 
Carse of Stirling," by Hector Macneil, 1746-1818 ; also several poems 
of Allan Ramsay. 

1823. The Pocket Songster; or Caledonian Warbler: a Collection 
of Popular Scotch Songs and a Selection of new ones. 12mo. 
Published by J. Anderson, jun., Edinburgh. 

1825. The Songs of Scotland, Ancient and Modern, with an 
Introduction, and Notes, historical and critical, and Characters 
of the Lyric Poets. By Allan Cunningham. Four volumes, 8vo. 
Published by J. Taylor, London. 

1828. Minstrelsy: Ancient and Modern, with an Historical Intro- 
duction and Notes. By William Motherwell. Quarto. Pub- 
lished by John Wylie, Glasgow. 

1828. Ancient BaUads and Songs of the North of Scotland, hitherto 
unpublished, with explanatory notes by Peter Buchan. Two 
volumes, 8vo. Edinburgh. 

1832. Scottish Proverbs, collected and arranged by Andrew Hen- 
derson, with an introductory essay by W. Motherwell. 12mo. 
Published by Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. 
With a Scottish glossary, pp. 169-254. 

1835-40. Wilson, John Mackay. Historical, Traditionary, and 
Imaginative Tales of the Borders and of Scotland ; with an 
Illustrative Glossary, by Captain Thomas Brown. Six volumes, 
quarto. Manchester, James Ainsworth. 

Originally published in monthly parts, Manchester, 1835-40; re- 
printed in New York, 1848 and 1854 ; new edition, revised by A. 
Leighton, Manchester, 1857-9, twenty volumes small 8vo ; again, 
1863-4, twenty volumes ; new edition, with four new volumes, Edin- 
burgh, Nimmo, 1869, twenty-four volumes small 8vo. The Glossary 
was re-issued apart from the "Tales," and afterwards reprinted in a 
smaller form. 

1845. Whitelaw, a. Book of Scottish Ballads, with Historical 
and Critical Notices. Square foolscap 8vo. 

1853. Whistle -Binkie ; a Collection of Songs for the Social Circle. 

Two volumes, small 8vo. Published by David Kobertson, 
Glasgow. 

1854. Ten Scottish Songs, rendered into German by W. B. Mac- 

donald. Scottish and German. (Zehn Schottische Lieder.) 8vo« 
Published by W. H. Lizars, Edinburgh. 



154 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1855. Stirling-Maxwell, Sii* William, Bart., M.P. The Pro- 
verbial Philosophy of Scotland : aa Address to the School of. 
Arts. Stirling and Edinhurgh. 

1855-7. The Modern Scottish Minstrel ; or the Songs of Scotland 
of the past half century, with memoirs of the Poets, by Charles 
Kogers, LL.D. Five volumes, small 8vo. Published by A. and 
C. Black, Edinburgh. 

1858. Aytoun, William E. Ballads of Scotland. Two volumes, 

8vo. 

1858. Andromeda, and other Poems. By the Eev. Charles Kings- 
ley. Published by John W. Parker and Son, London. 

Contains two poema in Lowland Scotch, "The Oubit," p. 58, and 
"The Outlaw," p. 163. 

1858. Eamsay, Dean. Eeminiscences of Scottish Life and Cha- 

racter. Edinburgh. 

Nineteenth edition in 1871. Contains much information scattered 
throughout the book concerning the Scottish dialects, and especially in 
regard to the contrasts and peculiarities of the several varieties. The 
fifth chapter is devoted to illustrations of the " Humour proceeding 
from Scottish Language, including Scottish Proverbs." 

1859. Scottish Ballads and Songs. Edited by James Maidment. 

Published by T. G. Stevenson, Edinburgh. 

Another edition in two volumes, small 8vo, published in 1867 by 
W. Paterson, Edinburgh. 

1861. The Legendary and Komantic Ballads of Scotland. Edited 

by Charles Mackay. 12mo. PubHshed by Griffin, Bohn, and Co., 
London. 

1862. The Proverbs of Scotland, collected and arranged, with 

notes explanatory and illustrative, and a glossary. By Alexander 
Hislop. 12mo. Published by Porteous and Hislop, Glasgow. 

1871. Two hundred and twenty-two popular Scottish Songs ; with 
Music in the Tonic Sol-fa notation. Small 8vo, pp. 188. Glas- 
gow, John S. Marr, Buchanan-street ; Edinburgh, John Menzies. 

1875. Ancient Ballads and Songs of the North of Scotland. With 
explanatory Notes, by Peter Buchan. Two volumes, 8vo. 

1876-7. The Poets and Poetry of Scotland from the earliest period 
to the present time, comprising selections from the works of the 
more noteworthy Scottish Poets, with biographical and critical 
notices by James Grant Wilson. Illustrated with portraits 
engraved on steel. Vol. I. Thomas the Khymer to Richard Gall. 
Vol. II. Thomas Campbell to the Marquis of Lome. Published 
by Blackie and Son, London. 

Very complete in its specimens from modern poets. . 



A. 1.] ANGLO-IRISH DIALECTS. 155 

IRELAND. 



By WILLIAM H. PATTERSON. Belfast. 



General. 

A Statistical Account, or Parochial Survey of Ireland, drawn up 
from the communications of the Clergy. By William Shaw 
Mason, M.R.I.A. Three volumes, 8vo. 1814, 1816, 1819. 

This work contains many short notes on the language or dialect in 
different parishes, chiefly referring to the disuse of Irish. 

The Origin and History of Irish Names of Places. By P. W. 
Joyce, LL.D., M.R.I.A. Second edition, 8vo. Duhlin, 1870. 
Pp. 571. Third edition, pp. 592. Fourth edition, 1875. 
Second Series of the same. Dublin, 1875. 8vo, pp. 509. 

Legendary Fictions of the Irish Celts. By Patrick Kennedy. 
London, 1866. 8vo, pp. 352. 

Contains a Glossaky of two pages. 

The Fireside Stories of Ireland. By Patrick Kennedy. Dublin 
Sijud London, 1870, Pp. 174. 

Contains a short Glossaey of words in common use, chiefly corrup- 
tions of Irish words. 

See also the writings of William Carleton, Gerald Griffin, John 
Banim, Charles Lever, Samuel Lover, Lady Morgan, Mrs. 0. S. 
Hall, and other novelists. 

Ulster. 

1815. NooTH, Chablotte. Original Poems, including Ballads 
written in the Dialect of the Northern Parts of Ireland, with a 
Play. By Charlotte Nooth. Bvo. 

The Provincialisms of Belfast and the surrounding districts, 
pointed out and corrected ; to which is added an essay on Mutual 
Improvement Societies. By David Patterson, industrial teacher 
of the blind at the Ulster Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, 
and the Blind, and a resident of Belfast for the last forty years. 
Pp. 28. Belfast, 1860. 

Mr. Patterson is himself blind. 

The Ulster Journal of ArchaGology. Nine volumes. Edited by 
Robert Macadam, Esq. Belfast, 1853 to 1862. 

These volumes contain articles on the ethnology, dialect, folk-lore, 
proverbs, &c. of the inhabitants of Ulster. 

A Collection of Poems and Songs on different subjects. By 
Robert Huddleston, of Moneyrea, county of Down. Belfast. 
Vol. L, 1844., 8vo, pp. 147 ; and Vol. II., 1846, 8vo, pp. 164. 
The two volumes contain a number of poems and songs in the Ulster 
dialect. 



156 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

Poor Eabbin's OUminick for the Toun of Billfawst, containing 
varrious diflferent things which ivvery parson ought t'be acquentit 
with. 1861. Wrote doun, prentet, an' put out, jist the way the 
people spakes. By Billy Mc.Cart, of the County Doun side that 
uset to be ; but now of the Entherim road, toarst the Cave hill. 
Price sixpence. 1861. 
The same for 1862 and 1863. 

All published. This almanac is entirely in Ulster dialect, and con- 
tains many short tales and ballads, as well as popular sayings and 
proverbs. 

Poems, Songs, and Ballads. By Henry Mc.D. Flecber. Belfast, 
1866. Pp. 240. 

Contains pieces in Ulster dialect, and a short " Glossary of Pro- 
vincial Terms, &c." 

A History of the County of Down, &c. By Alexander Knox. 
M.D. Pp. viii. and 724. Buhlin, 1876. 

Contains at pages 49, 50 a short list of dialect words in common use. 

Origin and Characteristics of the People in the Counties of Down 
and Antrim. Read in the sub-section of Anthropology at the 
meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of 
Science in Belfast, August 22, 1874. By the Rev. Canon Hume, 
D.C.L., LL.D., F.S.A. 

Notices the dialect of Ulster. 

Wexford. 

The Journal of the Kilkenny and South-east of Ireland Archaeo- 
logical Society for 1862. 

Contains two long articles, edited by Herbert F. Hore, Esq., on the 
dialect and other characteristics of the inhabitants of the baronies of 
Forth and Bargy, county of Wexford. An address, written in the 
local dialect, to Earl Mulgrave, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, who 
visited Wexford in 1836, is printed in the notes to one of the papers. 
The same journal, for October, 1876, has a paper by Lady Wilde, 
p. 129. 

The Banks of the Boro : a Chronicle of the County of Wexford. 
By Patrick Kennedy. London and Dublin, 1867. 8vo, pp. 373. 
Contains a Glossary (pp. 6) of some words in common use. 

Evenings on the Duffrey. By Patrick Kennedy. Dublin and Loii- 
don, 1869. 8vo, pp. 404. 

Contains a short " Glossary of Irish and Corrupt Expressions." 

Transactions of the Liverpool Literary and Philosophical Society. 
Paper on the Dialect of Forth and Bargy, by J. A. Picton, in the 
volume for Session Ivi., 1866-7. 

A Glossary, with some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the 
English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of 
Wexford, Ireland; formerly collected by Jacob Poole. Edited 
by William Barnes, B.D. London, J. Russell Smith. 1867. 
Pp. 139. 



A. 1.] SLANG AND CANT. 157 



SLANG AND CANT. 



In preparing this list I have been much assisted by the cata- 
logue of Cant and Slang works in Bohn's edition of Lowndes, and 
by the Bibliography appended to Mr. J. Camden Hotten's Slang 
Dictionary. I have, however, arranged the several publications in 
chronological order, revised and verified the titles, and made con- 
siderable additions. J. H. Nodal. 

~ Date of 
Ptiblication. 

1565. AwDELEY, John. The Fraternitye of Vacabondes, as well 

of ruflyng Vacabones as of beggerly, of Women as of Men, of 
Gyrles as of Boyes, with their proper Names and Qualities, with 
a Description of the Crafty Company of Cousoners and Shifters, 
also the XXV. Orders of Knaves, confirmed by Cocke Lovell. 
8vo. Imprinted at London by John Awdeley, dwellyng in little 
Britayne streete without Aldersgate. 

Eeprinted in 12ino in 1813 ; and by the Early English Text Society, 
in its Extra Series, in 18G9 (price 7s. 6d.). 

1566. Haeman, Thomas. Caveat or Warening for Common Curse- 

tors, vulgarly called Vagabones, set forth for the utilitie and 
profit of his naturall countrey, augmented and inlarged by the 
first author thereof ; whereunto is added the tale of the second 
taking of the counterfeit Crank, with the true report of his 
behaviour and also his punishment for his so dissembling, most 
marvellous to the hearer or reader thereof. Newly imprinted. 
Quarto. 

Contains the earliest known Dictionary of the Cant Language, under 
the title of the ' ' Peltinge Speche or Peddeler's Frenche . " Four editions 
were printed, viz., the first in 1566, the second and third in 1567, and 
the fourth, "augmented and inlarged by the first author," by Henry 
Middleton, in 1573. One hundred copies were reprinted by Triphook 
in 1814, and a copy of this reprint was priced by Mr. Quaritch in 1874 
at 27s. The book, however, was issued along with Awdeley's Fraternitye 
of Vacabondes, in the Extra Series of the Early English Text Society 
for 1869 (price 7s. 6d.), edited by Mr. E. Viles and Mr. F. J. Furnivall, 
M.A. 

1577. Haerison, William. Description of the Island of Britain 
(prefixed to Holinshed's Chronicle). Two volumes, folio. 

The Second Book, edited from the first two editions of Holinshed's 
Chronicle, 1577, 1587, by F. J. Furnivall, M.A., was reprinted for the 
New Shakspere Society in 1877, under the title of Harrison's Descrip- 
tion of England in ShaTcspere^s Youth. An account of Beggars and Vaga- 
bonds appears in Chap. 10 "Of provision made for the poore," and 
Chap. 11 "Of sundrie kinds of punishment appointed for malefactors," 
pp. 212-233. 



158 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1591. Gbeene, Kobert. Notable Discovery of Coosnage, now 

daily practised by sundry lewd persons called Conie-catchers and 
Cross-biters. Quarto, with woodcuts. Printed by John Wolfe. 

1592. Geeene, Robert. Groundworke of Conny- Catching, the 

manner of their Pedlers' French, and the meanes to understand 
the same, with the cunning sleights of the counterfeit Cranke. 
Done by a Justice of the Peace of great Authoritie. Quarto, with 
woodcuts. 

Eeally a reprint, with variations, of Harman's Caveat. 

1592. Greene, Robert. The Defence of Cony-Catching. Quarto. 
1595. Greene, Robert. The Black Bookes Messenger. 

1608. Decker, Thomas. The Bellman of London : bringing to 

light the most notorious villanies that are now practised in the 
Kingdom. Quarto, black letter. 

Gives an account of thieves' and vagabonds' cant language. 

1609. Decker, Thomas. Lanthorne and Candle-light, or the 

Bellman's Second Night's Walke. Quarto. 

A continuation of the previous work. Contains a Canter's Dictionary. 

1611. MiDDLETON, Thomas, and Decker, Thomas. Roaring Girl; 

or Moll Cut-purse. Quarto. 

One scene is entirely in Pedlar's French. It is given in Dodsley's 
Old Flays, vol. vi. 

1612. Decker, Thomas. per se 0, or a new Cryer of Lanthorne 

and Candle-light, an Addition of the Bellman's Second Night's 
Walke. Quarto, black letter. 

Contains a Canter's Dictionary, taken apparently from Harman. 
1614. JoNSON, Ben. Bartholomew Fair. 

Act ii., sc, 6 contains some cant words. 

1614. JoNSON, Ben. Masque of the Gipsies Metamorphosed. 
Quarto. 

1616. Decker, Thomas. Villanies discovered by Lanthorne and 
Candle-light, and the Helpe of a new Cryer called O per se 0. 
With Canting Songs never before printed. Quarto. 

An eighth edition of Lanthorne and Candle-light appeared in 1648. 

1622. Fletcher, John. The Beggar's Bush : a Comedy. 

Contains numerous cant words. Usually published in the editions 
of Beaumont and Fletcher's works, but Mr. Darley is of opinion that 
Beaumont had no share in it. 

1652. Brome, Richard. The Joviall Crew ; or the Merry Beg- 
gars : a Comedie. Quarto. 

Contains cant words. Printed in Dodsley's Old Plays, vol. x. 

1671. Head, Richard. The English Rogue, described in the Life 
of Meriton Latroon, a Witty Extravagant. Four volumes, 12mo. 
Trans. Kirkman. 1671-80. 
Contains a list of cant words. 



A. 1.] SLANG AND CANT. 159 

1673. Head, Eichakd. Canting Academy, or Devil's Cabinet 

Opened ; to which is added a compleat Canting Dictionary, with 
several Catches and Songs by the choicest Wits. 

A copy described in Quaritch's 1874 Catalogxie as rare, and priced 
£2. 12s. 6d. 

1674. Head, EicHARD. Canting Academy; or, Villanies Discovered, 

wherein are shewn the Mysterious and Villanous Practices of that 
Wicked Crew, Hectors, Trapanners, &c., with several new Catches 
and Songs; also Compleat Canting Dictionary. 12mo, fron- 
tispiece. 

A second edition of Head's 1673 book. 
1688. Shirley, John. Triumph of Wit, in three parts, illustrated 
with Poems, Songs, and various Intreagues in the Canting Lan- 
guage, to which is added Instructions for Dancing with Musical 
Notes. 

1694. DuNTON, John. Ladies' Dictionary. 8vo. London. 

Contains a few cant and vulgar words. 

1696. W. W. New Help to Discourse, or Wit and Mirth. With 
a Canting Dictionary, pp. 93-97. Fourth edition. 

ah. 1699. E. (B.) New Dictionary of Terms, ancient and modern, 
of the Canting Crew in its several tribes of Gipsies, Beggers, 
Thieves, Cheats, &c., with an addition of Proverbs and Phrases. 
By B. E., gent. 12mo. 

Also issued in 1754 under the title of the ScomidreVs Dictionary. 
[J. C. H.] 

1718. Hitching, Charles. The Kegulator ; or a Discovery of the 

Thieves, Thief-takers, and Locks, alias Receivers of Stolen Goods 
in and about the City of London ; also an Account of all the 
Flash Words now in vogue amongst the Thieves. 8vo, with a 
woodcut. 

Published anonymously. The author was Charles Hitching, some- 
time City Marshal, but wrote his book when a prisoner in Newgate. 
It contains a violent attack upon Jonathan Wild. 

1719. Henley, John (better known as Orator Henley). Various 

Sermons and Orations. 1719-53. 

Contains numerous vulgarisms and slang phrases. [J. C. H.] 

1719. Smith, Capt. Alexander. Compleat History of the Lives 
and Robberies of the most Notorious Highwaymen, Foot-pads, 
Shop-lifters, and Cheats, of both Sexes, in and about London 
and Westminster. 12mo. Vol. I. 

Contains the Thieves' New Canting Dictionary of the Words, Pro* 
verbs, &c,, used by thieves. 

17 — . Smith, Capt. Alexander. The Thieves' Grammar. 12mo. 
P. 28. 

1724. Smith, Capt. Alexander. Thieves' Dictionary. 12mo. 

1730. SuRMAN, Dr. The Golden Cabinet of Secrets opened for 
Youth's delightful Pastime. In seven parts, the last being the 
" City and Country Jester." With a Canting Dictionary. 12mo. 



160 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1735. The Triumph of Wit, or Ingenuity displayed in its Perfec- 

tion, being the Newest and most Useful Academy, Songs, Art of 
Love, and the Mystery and Art of Canting, with Poems and 
Songs in the Canting Language. 16mo. J. Clarke. 

A shilling chap book. The same appeared in Dublin about 1760, in 
12mo, 32 pages. 

1736. Harlequin Jack Shepherd, with a Night Scene in Grotesque 

Characters. 8vo. 

Contains Songs in the Canting Dialect. 

1737. Bailey, Nath. The Universal Etymological English Dic- 

tionary. Third Edition. Two volumes, 8vo. 

A Collection of Ancient and Modem Cant "Words appears as an 
appendix to vol. ii. of this edition. 

1738. Bacchus and Venus : or, A Select Collection of near Two 

Hundred of the most Witty and Diverting Songs and Catches in 
Love and Gallantry, with Songs in the Canting Dialect, with a 
Dictionary explaining all Burlesque and Canting Terms. 12mo. 

Prefixed is a curious woodcut frontispiece of a Boozing Ken. The 
work is scarce and much prized by collectors. The Canting Dictionary 
is the same as that issued by B. E. Gent about 1699. It also came out 
afterwards in 1754 under the title of the Scoundrel's Dictionary —a mere 
reprint of the two former impressions. [J. C. H.] 

1740. Sharp, Jeremy. The Life of an English Eogue. 12mo. 
Includes a Vocabulary of the Gipsies' Cant. 

1750. Wild, Jonathan. History of the Lives and Actions of 
Jonathan Wild, Thief-taker, Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, Foot- 
pad, and John Sheppard, Housebreaker ; together with a Canting 
Dictionary by Jonathan Wild. Woodcuts, l2mo. 

1754. Scoundrel's Dictionary, or an Explanation of the Cant 
Words used by Thieves, Housebreakers, Street Robbers, and 
Pickpockets about Town, with Flash Songs, and a Glossary. 
Small 8vo. 

The Editor of Notes and Queries, Mr. Thorns, in No. 117, Jan. 24, 
1852 (First Series, vol. 4.), says : "The most complete Lexicon Bala- 
tronicum et Macaronicum was published in 1754, enriched with many 
' a word not in Johnson,' and which leaves at a respectful distance 
the glossarial labours of Spelman, Ducange, Junius, and even the 
renowned Francis Grose and his Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar 
Tongue. It is entitled The Scoundrel's Dictionary ." See B. E., 1699. 

1775. Ash, John. The New and Complete Dictionary of the 
English Language, in which all the words are introduced . . . 
the obsolete and uncommon words supported by authorities. 
Two volumes, 8vo. 

Contains obsolete and cant words and phrases. 

1781. Parker, George. A View of Society in High and Low 
Life, being the Adventures in England, Ireland, &c., of Mr. G. 
Parker, a Stage Itinerant. 12mo. Printed for the Author. 
Contains many Cant words, with 100 orders of rogues and swindlers. 



A. 1.] SLANG AND CANT. 161 

1786. The Whole Art of Thieving and Defrauding Discovered ; to 

which is added an Explanation of most of the Cant terms in the 
Thieving Language. 8vo, pp. 46. 

1787. Grose, Feancis, F.S.A. A Provincial Glossary. 8vo. 

First edition 1787 ; second, corrected and greatly enlarged, 1790 ; 
third, 1811. The second is much the best of the three. See E. D. S. 
Bibliographical List, p. 12. 

1789. Parker, George. Life's Painter of Variegated Characters, 

with a Dictionary of Cant Language and Flash Songs, to which 
is added a Dissertation on Freemasonry, Portrait, 8vo. 

1790. Potter, H. Tristram (of Clay, Worcestershire). A New 

Dictionary of all the Cant and Flash Languages, both ancient 
and modern. 8vo, pp. 62. 

1797. The same. 12mo. 

1791. Life and Adventures of Bamfylde Moore Carew, the King 

of the Beggars, with Canting Dictionary. Portrait, 8vo. 

There are numerous editions of this biography. The Canting Dic- 
tionary is merely a copy of earlier books. 

1795. [Caulfield, James] . Blackguardiana ; a Dictionary of 
Rogues, Bawds, etc. Svo, with portraits. 
Chiefly an unblushing reprint from Grose. 

1803. Cambridge University. Gradus ad Cantabrigiam ; or, a 
dictionary of Terms, Academical and Colloquial, or Cant, 
which are used at the University. With illustrations, 12mo. 
Cambridge. 

1806-12. Beloe, Eev. William. Anecdotes of Literature and 
Scarce Books. Six volumes, Svo. 

In vol. ii., p. 146-157, are some curious notices of the slang of 
vagrants and criminals. 

1809. Andrews, George. A Dictionary of the Slang and Cant 

Languages, Ancient and Modern. 12mo. 
A sixpenny pamphlet. 

1810. Brydges, Sir Egerton. The British Bibliographer. Four 

volumes. 

Gives a Hst of Cant Words in vol. ii., p. 521. 

ah. 1810. Price, Thomas. Life, Voyages, and Travels of Bampfylde- 
Moore Carew, commonly called King of the Beggars. Collected 
and amended from his own writings, by Thomas Price. To 
which is added a Dictionary of the Cant Language. Rude 
portrait, Svo. 

1811. Lexicon Balatronicum ; a Dictionary of Buckish Slang, 

University Wit, and Pickpocket Eloquence. Svo. 

This Dictionary is chiefly a reprint of Grose, and was prepared by 
"Hell-fire Dick" and JamesGordon, Esq., of Cambridge. 



162 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1812. Bang-up Dictionary; or, the Lounger's and Sportsman's 
Vade Mecum, containing a copious and correct Glossary of the 
Whips. 8vo. 

A vulgar performance, consisting of pilferings from Grose and made* 
up words. [J. C. H.] 

1814. Canting : a Poem, interspersed with Tales and Additional 
Scraps. 8vo. 

A few street words may be gleaned from this rather dull poem. [J. 
C. H,] 

1817. Vagahondiana : or Anecdotes of Mendicant Wanderers 

through the Streets of London, with Portraits of the Most 
Kemarkable, drawn from life by J. T. Smith. First edition, 4to, 
with thirty etchings. 

Contains accounts and anecdotes of beggars, and some of their songs. 

1818. Egan, Pierce. Boxiana ; or. Sketches of Ancient and 

Modern Pugilism, from the days of Broughton and Slack to the 
Championship of Crib. Four volumes, 8vo. 

Contains terms used in the prize ring and "flash" words. 

1818. Perry, William. London Guide and Stranger's Safeguard, 

against Cheats, Swindlers, and Pickpockets. 
Contains a dictionary of Slang and Cant words. 

1819. [Moore, Thomas, the poet]. Tom Crib's Memorial to Con- 

gress, with a Preface, Notes, and Appendix. By One ot the 
Fancy. 12mo. 

Abounds in Slang and the language of the pugilists, with a burlesque 
essay on the classic origin of Slang. 

1819. Vaux, Count De. Life, written by Himself, to which is 

added a Canting Dictionary. Two volumes, 12mo. 

The work was suppressed. The author was a swindler and pickpocket . 

ab. 1820. Corcoran, Peter. The Fancy, a Poem. 

Written in imitation of Moore's Tom Crib's Memorial, by one of the 
authors of The Rejected Addresses. Abounds in Slang and Pugilistic 
words. [J. C. B..\ 

1820. DuNcoMBE, . Flash Dictionary of the Cant Words, 

Queer Sayings, and Crack Terms now in use in Flash Cribb 
Society. 32mo, coloured print. 

1820. Randall, Jack [a pugilist]. Diary of Proceedings at the 

House of Call for Genius, to which are added several of Mr. 
Breakwindow's Minor Pieces. 1 2mo. 

Believed to have been written by Thomas Moore. The verses are 

chiefly parodies of popular authors, and abound in the Slang of pugilism 

and fast life. [J. C. H.] 

1821. Life in St. George's Fields ; or the Eambles and Adventures 

of Disconsolate William, Esq., and his Sunsy Friend, Flash Dick, 
with Songs and a Flash Dictionary. 8vo. 



A. 1.] SLANG AND CANT. 163 

1821. Haggart, David (alias John Wilson, alias Barney M'Coul). 

Life, Written by Himself whilst under sentence of death. With 
Glossary of Slang and Cant Words. 12mo. 

1822. Eandall, Jack. A Few Selections from his Scrap-book, to 

which are added Poems on the late Fight for the ChampionshiiJ. 
12mo. 

ah. 1823. Egan, Pierce. Life in London. Two volumes, 8vo. 
With coloured plate by George Cruikshank. 

Contains numerous Cant, Slang, and Sporting words. 

1823. Grose, Francis, and Egan, Pierce. Grose's Classical Dic- 

tionary of the Vulgar Tongue, with the addition of numerous 
Slang Phrases. Edited by Pierce Egan. 8vo. 

1823. Bee, John {i.e., JohnBadcock] . Dictionary of the Turf, the 
Ring, the Chase, the Pit, the Bon Ton, and the Varieties of Life, 
forming the completest and most authentic Lexicon Balatronicum 
hitherto offered to the notice of the Sporting World. 12mo. 

Another edition, with a slightly altered title, viz., Sportsman's 
Slang : A new Dictionary of Terms used on the Turf, etc., appeared 
in 1825. The author published books on Stable Economy under the 
name of Hinds. He was the sporting rival of Pierce Egan. His 
dictionary is a poor performance. It was reviewed by Professor Wilson 
in Blackwood's Magazine. 

1825. Kent, E. Modern Flash Dictionary, containing all the Cant 
Words, Slang Terms, and Flash Phrases now in Vogue. 18mo, 
and also 48mo for the waistcoat pocket. 

1825. MoNCRiEFF, W. T. Tom and Jerry, or Life in London : a 
Farce in Three Acts. 12mo. 
Abounds in Cant words. 

1825. Thomas, J. My Thought Book. 8vo. 
Contains a chapter on Slang. 

1828. Bee, John. A Living Picture of London for 1828, and 
Stranger's Guide through the streets of the Metropolis ; showing 
the Frauds, the Arts, the Snares, and Wiles of all descriptions 
of Kogues. 12mo. 

Professes to give an insight into the language of the streets. 

1880. Kent, E. Flash Dictionary, with a list of the Sixty Orders 
of Prime Coves (Thieves). 18mo. 

1838. Wright, T. Mornings at Bow-street. Illustrated by George 

Cruikshank. 12mo. 

Attempts a few etymologies of Slang words. 

1839. Brandon, H. Poverty, Mendicity, and Crime ; or, the 

Facts and Examinations upon which was founded the Report 
presented to the House of Lords by W. A. Miles, Esq., to which 
is added a Dictionary of the Flash or Cant Language, known to 
every thief and beggar. 

Described by Mr. Hotten as "a very wretched performance." 



164 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

ab. 1850. Leben in London. W. Moncrieff 's Life in London, Dutch, 
Englishe, und Deutsche voten und ein Worter fuch der Vulgar 
Tongue, fur EngUsche lernende und England Besuchonde erlautert 
von H. Croll, English Text, with Annotations in German and 
English, and a copious and very curious Slang Dictionary. 12mo, 
pp. 230. Stuttgart. 

1851-61. Mayhew, Henry. London Labour and the London Poor. 
Four volumes. 

1852. Snowden, . The Magistrate's Assistant and Constable's 

Guide. With a Glossary of the Flash Language. 8vo. 
Describes the various orders of beggars, cadgers, and swindlers. 

1856. Hall, B. H. Collection of College Words and Customs. 
12mo. Cambridge, U.S. 

1856. Michel, Francisque. Etudes de Philologie Comparee sur 

I'Argot, et sur les Idiomes Analogues paries en Europe et en 
Asie. 8vo. Didot, Paris. 

Contains glossaries of English, Italian, German, Portuguese, Spanish, 
Dutch, Danish, Russian, and Asian Slang, as well as that of Quack 
Doctors and the Bakers of Albania. The author's residence in many 
of the countries gave him opportunities of acquiring trustworthy infor- 
mation. 

1857. Mayhew, Henry. The Great World of London. 8vo. 

Unfinished. Contains several illustrations of the use and application 
of Cant and Slang words. 

1859. The Vulgar Tongue : a Glossary of Slang, Cant, and Flash 
Words and Phrases used in London from 1839 to 1859, and a 
Bibliography of Canting and Slang Literature ; by Ducange 
Anglicus. 8vo. 

An edition in 12mo appeared in 1857. Described by Mr. Hotten as 
"a silly and childish performance, full of blunders and contradictions." 

1859. The Book of Vagabonds and Beggars, with a Vocabulary of 
their Language. Edited by Martin Luther in 1528 ; now first 
translated into English, with Introduction and Notes, by J. C. 
Hotten. Small 4to, with woodcuts. 

Only continental cant, many words of which, however, are used in 
England, and especially by gypsies. 

1859. [Hotten, J. Camden]. The Slang Dictionary ; or the Vulgar 

Words, Street Phrases, and Fast Expressions of High and Low 
Society, many with their Etymology, and a few with their History 
traced. 8vo. 

1860. The same. Second edition. 

1864. The same. Third Edition and Tenth Thousand. 

Other editions have followed. In the preface to his 1864 issue Mr. 
Hotten said the first edition contained about 3,000 words ; the second 
edition, published twelve months later, gave upwards of 5,000 ; whilst 
the third offered nearly 10,000 words and phrases. The work contains 
a History of Cant, or the secret language of vagabonds ; an account of 



A. 1.] SLANG AND CANT. 165 

the hieroglyphics used by them ; and remarks on fashionable, parlia- 
mentary, military, university, religious, legal, literary, theatrical, civic, 
shopkeepers', workmen's, and costermongers' Slang. The Dictionary 
occupies pp. 65-274, and there are separate glossaries of Back or 
Costermongers' Slang, pp. 280-284, and Rhyming Slang, pp. 289-292. 

1870. Jekvis, Captain. The A. B. C. of a New Dictionary of Flash 
Caut, Slang, and Vulgar Words, Proverbs and Provincialisms, 
compiled for the special use of Old Shipmates and Friends. 
Foolscap 8vo, for private circulation only. Jersey. 1870. 

Not published, and very few copies printed. The three Letters A. 
B. and C. are all that were done. 

1877. Stock Exchange Terms. Art. in Financial Opinion, No. 22, 
July 26, 1877, p. 5. 



l2 



166 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 



BOOKS ON AMERICANISMS. 



~ Americanisms are words and phrases current in tlie United 
States of America, and partially in Canada, and not current m 
England. The circumstances of the early settlement of the 
several States, and other causes, have led to marked differences 
in the vocabulary of the various districts. Thus, the New England, 
Middle, Southern, and Western States have their own peculiarities 
of speech, and since the gold discoveries in California a digger's 
dialect may be said to have developed itself in the extreme west of 
the country. The characteristic features of the several divisions 
(with some account of their origin and critical comments on the 
books professing to illustrate the various dialects) are well described 
by Mr. Charles A. Bristed in an article on the English language 
in America, published in the Cambridge Essays for 1855. 

Eeferring first to the " Yankee " dialect, or that spoken in the 
veritable Yankee-land, the New England States, Mr. Bristed says 
there is no want of books written in it, and " while such books 
usually have the fault of academic Latin, namely, that of being too 
idiomatic, several of them give a fair idea of the popular dialect 
in these States. The English reader's thoughts will naturally 
revert to Judge Haliburton, and certainly Sam Slick is often to the 
point here, but he must be taken with some grains of salt ; his 
Yankeeisms are interspersed with a good many Westernisms and 
much general slang. . . Among books written by Americans 
themselves, the two Jack Doimings (Seba Smith's and Davis's) 
deserve to be particularised. Better and more recent than these, 
more easy also to follow in its allusions, is Lowell's laughter-moving 
satire on slavery and the Mexican war, the Bigelow Papers. The 
glossary at the end of the Bigelow Papers, though occasionally 



A. 1.] BOOKS ON AMERICANISMS. 167 

satirical, is mostly in sober earnest, and affords a tolerable proof 
that American as well as English polite readers would occasionally 
meet in the text with difficulties requiring elucidation." 

In the Middle States there are very few expressions peculiar to 
the New Yorkers. '' At the same time," says Mr. Bristed, *' there 
are some striking words of Dutch origin, we may almost say 
literally Dutch words, which, originatilng in the city of New York 
when it was the city or town of New Amsterdam, have thence 
spread all over the Union, and become generally received, as it 
was natural they should from the almost metropolitan position of 
their birthplace. The Dutch as a living language no longer exists 
in the State of New York. . . New Jersey was settled by 
Swedes, but the original settlers have left no traces of their 
language, though some Swedish family names exist in that State 
and the adjoining one of Pennsylvania. Some of the largest 
counties in Pennsylvania were settled by Germans, whose descend- 
ants at present amount to nearly one-fourth the population of the 
State. These Germans, who are generally designated by their 
neighbours as Dutch (Deutsch), continue to use their language to 
the present day. Is, then, it may be asked, the common Pennsyl- 
vania dialect at all corrupted with Teutonisms ? Not at all ; you 
will never hear anything like German in the non- German part of 
the State, except, perhaps, an occasional slang phrase. 

*' The older Southern States are of English, and purely English, 
settlement. Few marked and notorious peculiarities of expression 
suggest themselves as attached to the inhabitants of Virginia and 
the Carolinas. The small, cheap, illustrated collections of Southern 
Scenes and Sketches often give a juster idea of the popular dialect 
than more pretentious works of fiction. In some of these sketches, 
passages occur now and then which read very Hke a description of 
the Cannibal Islands by one of the head chiefs ; but their value is 
none the less for philological purposes, 

'* On arriving at the ' Great West,' the inquirer is forced to 
hesitate ; the materials for his investigation are abundant, but they 
nearly all encroach on the forbidden ground of ' slang.' 



168 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

"Louisiana was colonised by the Frencli, and several smaller 
settlements were made by them all along the Mississippi and Ohio 
rivers. We might, therefore, suppose that the phraseology of the 
west and south-west would contain Gallicisms. Very few such 
traces, however, can be detected, although the French language 
continues to be spoken in New Orleans, half of which is virtually 
a French town to this day. Nor has the sonorous Castilian, 
despite the settlement of Florida, the traffic with Cuba, and even 
the temporary conquest of Mexico, left more numerous traces." 



1761. WiTHERSPOON, John, D.D. Essays on Americanisms, Perver- 
sions of Language in the United States, and Cant Phrases. 
In the Fourth volume of his Works, published in 1801. 8vo. 
Philadelphia. 

The earliest known work on Americanisms. Originally published as 
a series of essays, entitled the Druid, a periodical which appeared in 
1761. 

1816. Pickering, John. Vocabulary or Collection of Words and 
Phrases which have been supposed to be peculiar to the United 
States of America. To which is prefixed an Essay on the 
Present State of the English Language in the United States. 
8vo. Boston, Mass. 

Marked in Trlibner and Co.'s Catalogue, 1876, as very scaeoe, and 
priced one guinea. 

817. Webster, Noah. Letter to the Hon. John Pickering on the 
Subject of his Vocabulary or Collection of Words and Phrases 
supposed to be peculiar to the United States. 8vo, pp. 69, 
Boston. 

1827. Sherwood, Eev. Adiel. Gazetteer of the State of Georgia, 
U.S. Small 8vo. Charleston. 

Contains a Glossary of Slang and Vulgar Words, pecuHar to the 
Southern States. Second edition, Philadelphia, 1829; third edition, 
Washington, 1837. 

1830. Beck, T. Eomeyn. Notes on Mr. Pickering's Vocabulary 
of Americanisms, in the Transactions of the Albanv Institute, 
1830, Vol. I. 

1848. BARtLETT, John Russell. Dictionary of Americanisms : a 
Glossary of Words and Phrases usually regarded as peculiar to 
the United States. 8vo, pp. 412. New York. 

1858. The same. Second edition. 



A. 1.] BOOKS ON AMERICANISMS. 169 

1860. The same. Third edition, greatly enlarged ; with Proverbs 
and Similes. Pp. xxxii. and 524. Large 8vo. Boston, Ifass. 
American writers on this subject have mostly erred both by default 
and excess ; they have omitted distinctive American peculiarities, and 
they have set down as Americanisms expressions which are only vul- 
garisms, or not even that. Thus, Bartlett's book, while it fails to 
notice some notorious Americanisms, admits a number of expressions 
which are perfectly pfood English, or, at any rate, perfectly English. 
C. A. Bristed, in Gainbridge Essays, 1855. 

1848. Lowell, James Piussell. The Bigelow Papers, edited, with 
an introduction, notes, glossary, and copious index, by Homer 
Wilbur, A.M. Pp. 163. Cambridge, Mass. 

Numerous editions have since appeared. Prof. Francis Bowen, in 
ihe North American Review, Ixviii. , pp. 187-190, says : "Of the almost 
numberless imitations of the Yankee dialect this "is decidedly the best 
we have seen. Sam Slick is a mere pretender in comparison." Mr. 
C. A. Bristed, in Cambridge Essays, describes the Glossary as occa- 
sionally satirical, but " mostly in sober earnest." 

1854. Bartlett's (John Eussell) Woordenboek van Americanisms, 

bewerkt door M. Keijzer. Small 8vo. Oorinchem. 

1859. Elwyn, Alfred L. Glossary of supposed Americanisms — 

Vulgar and Slang Words used in the United States. Small 8vo. 
Philadelphia. 

1855. Bristed, Charles B. On the English Language in America, 

in Cambridge Essays, pp. 57-78. 

1858. The New American Cyclopaedia : edited by G-eorge Eipley 
and Charles A. Dana. Volume I. has an article on Ameri- 
canisms, pp. 470-473. New York. 

1860. Chambers's Encyclopedia. Volume I. contains an article 

on Americanisms. Pp. 206-207. 

18G9. Leland, Charles G. Hans Breitmann's Party and other 
Ballads. 12mo. Philadelphia. 

This work, which is in the mixed Anglo-German dialect of the 
German settlers in the United States, was followed by "Hans Breit- 
mann about Town," "Hans Breitmann in Church," "Hans Breitmann 
as a Uhlan," "Hans Breitmann in Europe," and a collected edition 
was published in Philadelphia in 1871 in two volumes. Editions have 
been published in London by Trilbner and Hotten. 

1871. De Vere, Schele. Americanisms: the English of the New- 
World. By M. Scheie de Vere, LL.D., Professor of Modern Lan- 
guages in the University of Virginia. 8vo, pp. vi. and 365. 
Price 10s. 6d. 

187-. Haldeman. Pennsylvania Dutch : A Dialect of South Ger- 
many with an Infusion of English. By S. S. Haldeman, M.A., 
Professor of Comparative Philology in the University of Penn- 
sylvania, Philadelphia. 8vo, pp. viii. and 70. Price 3s. 6d. 

1871. Stearns, 0. W., M.D. Shakspere Treasury of Wisdom and 
Knowledge. Contains a chapter on Americanisms. New York, 



170 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

ah. 1873. Harte, Beet [Pseud, for Charles B. Hart]. The Luck 
of Roaring Camp, and other Sketches, with Introduction and 
GLOgSARY by Tom Hood. 12mo. 

1876. Harte, Bret. Gabriel Conroy. 

Originally published serially in Seribner's Magazine. This novel and 
many of Bret Harte's short tales are dialect stories of Californian life 
of the ruder type. 

1877. Habberton, John. Some Folks. 

Californian digger stories. 

1877. The Leisure Hour, No. 1312, February 17, 1877, contains 
an article on Americanisms. Pp. 110-112. 

According to Poole's Index to Periodical Literature there are 
articles on Americanisms in the Analectic Magazine, Phila., 3, j). 
404; Southern Literary Messenger, Eichmond, 14, p. 623; North 
American Eeview (on Bartlett, by S. Gr. Brown), 69, p. 94 ; and 
Living Age, 20, p. 79. Numerous references to Americanisms will 
be found in the several series of Notes and Queries. To the authors 
of the books of humour mentioned by Mr. Bristed should be added 
0. F. Browne (Artemus Ward), J. M. Bailey (Banbury Newsman), 
A. W. Shaw (Josh Billings), S. L. Clemens (Mark Twain), C. H. 
Clark (Max Adeler), and others. As regards American Slang, Mr. 
Bristed says, " The field of American slang is literally boundless. 
Every state, every city, has its own flash vocabulary." 



A. 1.] ENGLISH GYPSY DIALECT. 171 



MISCELLANEOUS 



ENGLISH GYPSY DIALECT. 

Date of 
Publication. • 

1860. Smart, Dr. Bath C. The Dialect of tlie English Gypsies. 
Published for the Philological Society, in 1863, in the Society's 
Transactions, and separately. 

The vocabulary was begun in 1860, and some remarks on the dialect 
were printed in the British Association Transactions, 1861, and the 
Transactious of the Ethnological Society, vol. ii. 1863. 

1873. Leland, Charles G. The English Gypsies and their Lan- 

guage. London, Triibner and Co. 

Very valuable, both as respects vocabulary and a knowledge of the 
gypsy customs, etc.— H. T. C, 

1874. Borrow, George. Eomano Lavo-lil, Word-book of the 

Romany, or English Gypsy Language. Pp. 101. London^ John 
Murray. 

1875. Smart, Dr. Bath C, and Crofton, H.^T. The Dialect of 

the English Gypsies. Second edition. 

Contains (pp. 1-5) a bibliographical list of books containing speci- 
mens of English gypsy words. 

1875. English Gipsy Songs. In Eomany, with metrical English 
translations. By C. G. Leland, Prof, Palmer, and Janet Tuckey. 
8vo, pp. xii. and 27(5. London. 

Contains remarks on pronunciation, pp. 239-242 : and a Glossary, 
pp. 243-27G. 

1875. James, Rev. S. B. English Gypsies. Five chapters in the 

Church of England and Lambeth Magazine, August to December. 

1876. CROFTOfN, Henry T. On the Former Costume of the Gypsies, 

in the Papers of the Manchester Literary Chch, vol. ii., pp. 55-75. 
Contains illustrations of English gypsies' words for dress. 

1877. Crofton, Henry T. On Gypsy Life in Lancashire and 

Cheshire, in the Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, vol. iii. 
Explains some words in use by the English gypsies. 

See also Mr. Borrow's Zincali, or Gypsies in Spain, vol. i., pp. 
16-28, for account of the English gypsies ; his Lavengro, Romany 
Rye, and Wild Wales ; Mr. Hubert Smith's Tent-life with EngUsh 
Gypsies in Norway ; review of Borrow's Lavo-lil in the AthencBum 
for April 25, 1874 ; and review of Miklosich, Leland, and Borrow's 
Lavo-lil in the Academy for June 13, 1874. 



172 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 



THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN INDIA. 

1877. The number of BlackwoocVs Magazi.ie for May, 1877, con- 
tains an article on the Anglo-Indian Tongue. 

An account of the curious composite dialect, half-Hindostanee and 
half -English, in which old Anglo-Indians converse with one another, 
and which would, if Anglo-Indians remained in India all their lives, 
develop into a new lingua franca. Its specialty is the use of Indian 
nouns and a few Indian adjectives instead of English ones, and its 
object, like that of all English efforts at language, is extreme terseness, 
the native word expressing at once what in English would require a 
sentence. The oddest thing about it is that it is an absolutely useless 
language, being used only by the English in talking among themselves, 
and totally unintelligible to anybody ehe.— Spectator, May 5, 1877. 

The " Anglo-Indian Tongue " is a paper to be commended alike to 
the curious in the local slang of all nations as an etymological problem, 
and to the Indian officers and civil servants, who find their account in 
accommodating themselves in a great measure to the language of the 
country, the peculiarities of which, whether in the culinary, compli- 
mentary, legal, or objugatory lines, are cleverly set forth in this 
article.— ^cat^ew^, May 12, 1877. 



CHINA -ENGLISH DIALECT. 

1876. Leland, Charles G. Pidgin-English Sing Song, in China- 
English Dialect. 12mo. London^ Triibner. 

1876. Leland, C. G. Wang-ti. One piece Pidgin English Sing- 
Song. In Macmilla7i's Magazine, May, 1876, pp. 76-78. 



A. I] ADDITIONS— COUNTY DIALECTS. 173 

ADDITIONS, 

CHIEFLY TO THE ENGLISH LIST. 



General. 

Hales, J. W. Englisli Dialects : an Essay. Good Words for 1867, 
p. 557. 

Ray, John. A Collection of Englisli Words, etc. By John Eay. 
To which is appended Thoresby's Letter to Eay, 1703. Re- 
arranged and edited, with Introduction, Notes, and Index, by 
the Rev. Walter W. Skeat. E. D. S. Publications, No. vi., 1874. 
See E. D. S. Book List, p. 11. 

Dialectal Words extracted from Hearne's Glossaries. Edited by 
Professor J. E. B. Mayor. E. D. S. Publications, No. v., 1874. 
See Gloss. B. 14. 



^ 5,^*« o^ Cheshire. 

Publication. 

1865. Banks, Mrs. G. Linnaeus. God's Providence House. A 
novel. 

Scene laid partly in Cheshire, and portions of the dialogue are in the 
dialect of the county. 

1877. Leigh, Lieut.-Col. Egerton, M.P. (the late). Glossary of 
Words used in the Dialect of Cheshire. Crown 8vo. Chester. 

Cornwall. 

1847. Sandys, William, F.S.A. Shakespeare illustrated by the 
Dialect of Cornwall. Shakespeare Society's Papers, Vol. III., 
pp. 22-32. 

1872. Kinahan, Geokge Henry. On the similarity of some Cornish 
rock-names and miners' terms to Irish words. Journal of the 
Royal Institution of Cornwall, No. xiv., April, 1873. Pp. 
133-139. 

1875. MosLEY, John Ivon. '' Timothy Teigh" (rhyme), in Ben 
Brierlcifs Journalj Ogtober 30, 1875, 



174 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. FA. 1. 



Derbyshire. 

1653. Tapping, Thomas. The Eliymed Chronicle of Edward 
Manlove (reprinted from the original edition of 1653 for the 
second time). By Thomas Tapping. Reprinted among the 
E. D. S. Publications for 1874, and revised by Mr. Tapping. See 
E. D. S. Book List, p. 43. 

1681. Houghton, Thomas. Eara Avis in Terris ; or the Compleat 
Miner. By Thomas Houghton. The Glossary of Mining Terms 
contained in this work was reprinted among the E. D. S. Publi- 
cations for 1874, and edited by the Rev. Walter W". Skeat. See 
E. D. S. Book List, p. 43. 

1802. Mawe, J. The Mineralogy and Glossary of Derbyshire. By 
J. Mawe. The Glossary of Mining Terms in this volume was 
reprinted among the E. D. S. Publications for 1874, and edited by 
the Rev. Walter W. Skeat, See E. D. S. Book List, p. 43. 

Devonshire. 

1865. Pixy-led : a Devonshire Tale, partly in the Devonshne 
dialect. A poem of three pages, signed L. G., in the Shilling 
Magazine, edited by Samuel Lucas. Vol. I., pp. 251-253. 

1869. Blackmore, E. D. Lorna Doone : a Eomance of Exmoor: 
Three volumes. London, Sampson Low. 

Contains a large number of North Devon words and phrases. 

1874. Fox, S. P. Kingsbridge and its Surroundings. Plymouth, 
Friend. 

Contains a " list of some of the provincialisms which may still be 
heard ainong the working classes in the rural districts surrounding 
Kingsbridge." 

Dorsetshire. 

1874. Hardy, Thomas. Far from the Madding Crowd : a novel. 

1876. Hardy, Thomas. The Hand of Ethelberta : a Comedy in 
Chapters. 

In reply to an inquiry, Mr. Hardy was good enough to write me as 
follows : — "The dialect of the peasants in my novels is, as far as it 
goes, that of this county [Dorset] ; but it is necessary to state that I 
have not, as a rule, reproduced in the dialogues such words as would, 
from their approximation to received English, seem to a London reader 
to be mere mispronunciations. But though I have scarcely preserved 
peculiarities of accent and trifling irregularities with such care as could 
have been wished for purposes of critical examination, the characteristic 
words w^hich occur are in every case genuine, as heard from the lips of 
the natives. ' A Pair of Blue Eyes ' should be excepted from this 
explanation. The scene of that story is laid in Cornwall, with the 
dialect of which I am imperfectly acquainted." — J. H, N. 



A. 1.] ADDITIONS — COUNTY DIALECTS. l7o 

East Anglia. 

1858-69. The East Anglian. Three volumes. 

In the E. D. S. Book List, at p. 51, is a mention of the publication 
named The East Anglian. Three volmnes, dated 1858-69, are there 
mentioned. I have been since informed that a part of vol. iv. was 
published, beginning with No. 98, April, 1869, and ending with No. 
120, February, 1871 ; and breaking off at p.^ 276. There is no further 
trace of it ; it seems to have been discontinued on the death of the 
editor. ~W. W. S. 

Gloucestershire. 

1873. The late Old Clerk's Humourous Description of the Painted 
Glass Windows of Fairford Church. In the Gloucestershire 
dialect. 12 mo. Fairford. 

Kent. 

1736. Pegge, Samuel. An Alphabet of Kenticisms, to which is 
added a Collection of Proverbs and Old Sayings, which are either 
used in, or relate to, the same County. By Samuel Pegge, A.M. 
Edited from the original MS., dated 1736, by the Eev. Walter 
W. Skeat, among the E. D. S. Publications for 1876. See 
Gloss. C. 3. 

This work was first printed in vol. ix. of the ArchceoJogia Cantiana. 
to which it was contributed by the same editor. 

Lancashire. 

1788. Claeke, Henry, LL.D. The School Candidates : a Prosaic 
Burlesque. Reprinted from the original, and edited, with a 
Memoir of the author, by John Eglington Bailey, F S.A. Pp. 
cxvii. and 113. Manchester, T. J. Day, 1877. 

Contains a speech in the dialect, pp. 24-5, and some remarks on the 
same by the editor, pp. xix.-xxi. 

1852. HiGsoN, John. The Gorton Historical Kecorder. Pp. 227. 
Droijlsden. 

The Introduction gives, on pp. 11 to 17, several Lancashire dialect 
words, and illustrations of their use. 

1852. Hollowyoke un Infidelity : a Dialogue between Owd Edmun 
un Jonn, two Yewud chaps. Heywood. 

This tract is of very small importance dialectally. Mr. Holyoake 
apparently did not think it upset his views, as the author intended, for 
he reprinted it in the Beasoner for the same year, pp. 199 and 237.— 
W. E. A. A. 

1852. EicHAEDSON, K. J. In Notes and Queries, Second Series, 
vol. xii., 1861, p. 444, there is an extract from J. G. Bell's Cata- 
logue, describing a manuscript for sale, as follows : — " Lancashire 
Dialect, etc. Etymolgia Comitatus Lancastriensis. Etymology 
of the names of the Towns, Villages, Hamlets, and other places 
jn the County of Lancaster, compiled by R. J. Richardson ; 



176 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

original unpublished MS. Lonkyshar Laygens : The Incontation 
o' Spirits wi' Sam Bamforth i' Boggart Hoyle Cloof ; original un- 
published MS., and other simil^.r matters, neatly written by the 
Jate Mr. Kichardson. All unpublished, about 114 pages, folio. 
24s." 

This MS. is now the property of Mr. Joseph Mayer, F.S.A., of 

Bebington, Cheshire, by whom it has been lent to the E. D. S. for the 

use of the authors of the Lancashire Glossary. 

1875. LiHEE, Miss M. K. Mally Cass's Savings Bank, or the 
Quaint Folk of Huntley Brook. Pp. 39. Rochdale, Schofield 
and Hoblyn. 

1875. Lahee, Miss M. E. Robin o' Dick's Chanty Coat. Pp. 20. 
RochdaUy Schofield and Hoblyn. 

1875. Nodal, J. H., and Milner, George. A Glossary of the 

Lancashire Dialect. Part I. A to E. Pp. xv. and 123. Pub- 
lished conjointly by the E. D. S. and the Manchester Literary 
Club. 

1876. Banks, Mrs. G. Linn^us. The Manchester Man : a Novel. 

Three volumes. London, Hurst and Blackett. 

Scene laid in Manchester, of which the authoress is a native, and the 
events extend over a period of about thirty years from 1799. Much of 
the dialogue is in the dialect. 

1875-7. Papers of the Manchester Literary Club. Vols. I. to III. 

Contain some papers on, and references to, the dialect. Vol. I. 
George Milner on the Dialect of Lancashire considered as a Vehicle for 
Poetry, pp. 18-34 ; J. H. Haworth on the word "Thisne," pp. 35-39. 
Vol. II. Edward Kirk on a Nook of North Lancashire (has a notice of 
the dialect, p. 115). Vol. III. J. E. Bailey on John Whitaker, the 
Historian of Manchester (contains notice of observations on dialect of 
last century) ; Wm. E, A. Axon on a Manchester Will of the Fifteenth 
Century (dialectal words and forms). 

1877. Burnett, Frances Hodgson. That Lass o' Lowrie's ; a 

Lancashire Story. Pp. 206. 

First published in Scribner''s Monthly Magazine, New York. The 
authoress, Mrs. Burnett, was born in Manchester in 1850. She is now 
resident in the United States. The scene of her story is laid among 
the Wigan colliers. A dramatic version of the novel, under the title 
of Liz, has been produced on the London stage. 

Lincolnshire. 

1877. Peacock, Edward, F.S.A. A Glossary of Words used in 
the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincolnshire. 
E. D. S. Publications, No. xv. 

Norfolk. 

1855. Norfolk Words, collected by Anna Gurney, of North Eepps 
Cottage, near Cromer. In the Transactions of the Philological 
Society for 1855. Pp. 29-39. 



A. 1.] ADDITIONS — COUNTY DIALECTS. 177 

Northumberland, 

1870. RoBSON, John Philip. Evangeline, or the Spirit of Progress, 
with other Poems. By J. i:*. Kobson, the Bard of the Tyue. 
Newcastle, J. M. Carr. 

Contains fifty-three pages of "Local Poems and Songs," which are 
some of the best specimens extant of Newcastle dialect.— J. A. H. M. 

Oxfordshire. 

Shoeter, R. Village Literature, a newly- written, whoamly- 

spun tale. Pp. 8, 8vo. Twopence. London, printed for and 
published by R. Shorter, Wych-street, Strand. 

Mr. Wm. E. A. Axon sends the above title to Notes and Queries 
(Fifth Series, vol. v., May 13th, 1876, p. 385), and adds:— "The 
dialectal value of the tract is not very great. The words unked, mun, 
and e-na-store are the most curious. Many are simply mis -spellings. 
There must be a great dearth of dialect literature in Oxfordshire, for 
this tract appears to be all that has been written in the folk-speech of 
the county." 

1876. Paeker, Mrs. A Glossary of Words used in Oxfordshire. 
E. D. S. Publications, No. xii. 

Shropshire. 

1700. GouGH, Richard. Antiquities and Memoirs of the Parish 
of Myddle, County of Salop, written by Eichard Gough, a.d. 
1700. 4to., pp. 211. Shreivshury, Adnitt and Naunton, 1875. 

Pp. 194-200 contain " the signification, derivation, and etymology of 
several names of persons and places mentioned in this booke." This, 
1875, edition was issued under the care of Mr. H. W. Adnitt. An 
imperfect edition was printed by Sir Thomas Phillipps, at the Middle 
Hill Press, in 1834.— C. W. S. 

Somersetshire. 

1855. Wilson, Miss C. E. Somersetshire Dialogues, or Reminis- 
cences of the Old Farm House at Weston-super-Mare. Eight 
humourous woodcuts. 4to. 

1875. Elwoethy, Feedeeick Thomas. The Dialect of West 
Somerset. E. D. S. Publications, No. vii. Also pubhshed in 
Philological Society's Transactions for 1875-6. 

Staffordshire. 

1875. MosLEV, John Ivon. *' Cockles Aloive": a rhyme. In Ben 
BrierUy's Journal, September 18, 1875. 

Suffolk. 

1849. Rainbied, Willum and Hugh. On the Agriculture of Suffolk. 
8vo. London. 

Contains on pp. 287-303 a list of "Local words in use among the 
labouring classes." 



178 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. [A. 1. 

1874. Whinbush, John. Tim Digwell ; aii Episode of the Strike 
ia the Wilford Hundred, Suffolk, iti 1874. Second edition. 
Pp. 48. Price sixpence, Woodhridge, printed by George Booth. 
Contains dialogues and a song, " The Crow Boy," in the dialect. 

Surrey. 

1876. GowEE, Granville Leveson. Surrey Provincialisms. 
E. D. S. Pubhcations, No. xii. 

Warwickshire. 

Sharp's Warwickshire -Glossary. 

Mr. Halliwell's very scarce edition of Sharp's Wai^wickshire Glossary 
ought to have been mentioned. Only twenty-five copies were printed, 
and of these fifteen were destroyed. One has since, we believe, been 
lost by fire. A copy sold in the Windus sale, 1868, for his.— West- 
minster Review, April, 1876. Notice of Parts i. and ii. of the E. D. S. 
Bibliographical List. 

1876. Francis, Mrs. South Warwickshire Provincialisms, E.D. S. 

Publications, No. xii. 

Wiltshire. 

1794. Davis, Thomas (of Longleat, Wilts). General View of the 
Agriculture of the county of Wilts ; with observations on the 
means of its improvement. 4to, pp. 163. London. 

Contains a Glossary of Wiltshire words. Reprinted in Svo. in 
1811 ; pp. 287. 

1860. [Penruddocke, Mrs. (of Fyfield)] . Content : or the Day 
Labourer's Tale of His Life, Published for the Industrial Exhi- 
bition in Marlborough. Pp, viii. and 63. Salisbury, F. A. Blake. 

Represents the " idioms of the old [North] Wilts style of language, 
now almost obsolete," but does not, as a rule, attempt to give the 
dialectal words as pronounced. 

1874. Slow, Edward (Wilton). Various Pieces in the Wiltshire 
dialect, viz : — i. Harvest Worn ; ii. Wiltshire Rhymes ; iii. 
Who's to Blame : a dialogue on the late War ; iv, .Jan Bray ; v. 
Rhymes of the Wiltshire Peasantry, pp. 123. Is. Salisbury, 
Blake. 

The first three are out of print. ^ The Rhymes of the Peasantry 
contains fifty pieces, fifteen of which are in the dialect of South 
Wiltshire, the rest in ordinary English. 

1877. Banks, Mrs. G. Linn^us. Glory : a novel. Three volumes. 

London, Hurst and Blackett. 

Scene laid chiefly in Wiltshire, the dialect of which is represented in 
some of the dialogue. 

Yorkshire. 

1875-6. Eobinson, F. K. A Glossary of Words used in the 
Neighbourhood of Whitbv. E. D, S. Publications. 



A. 1.] ADDITIONS — COUNTY DIALECTS. l79 

1876. Atkinson, Eev. J. C. Additions to " A Glossary of the 
Cleveland Dialect." E. D. S. Publications. 

1876. Robinson, C. Clough. A Glossary of Words pertaining to 

the Dialect of Mid- Yorkshire, with others peculiar to Lower 
Nidderdale. To which is prefixed an Outline Grammar of the 
Mid- Yorkshire dialect. E. D. S. Publications. 

1877. Eoss, F., T. Stead, and T. Holdeeness. A Glossary of 

Holderness Words, with Map of the District. E. D. S. Publica- 
tions, No. xvi. 

Mr. C. Clongh Robinson, the author of the Yorkshire list of 
dialectal works, ante p. 109, contributes the following Addenda 
and Corrigendum, the pages quoted having reference to his pre- 
vious list : — 

North-East Strand, page 120, after Song of Solomon, add: 

Verses New and Old. By Arthur J. Munby, Barrister- at-law. 
12mo. London, Bell and Daldy. 18G5. 

Contains several specimens of the dialect as heard about Scarborough, 
and rendered with great fidelity. The longest composition, entitled 
*'T' Moossel Getherers," is most noticeable for its embodiment of 
idiom and true spirit. 

East Riding, page 120. Delete *' Holderness" as heading, and 
follow the Holderness Glossary with : 

Nestleton Magna : a Story of Yorkshire Methodism. By Quintus 
QuARLES [the Kev. John Jackson Wray, Wesleyan Minister, a 
native of Sancton, near Market Weighton]. 12mo. London^ 
Elliot Stock. 1876. 

Several of the characters portrayed employ the East Yorkshire 
dialect with much vigour and truth. The way of speech belonging to 
"Adam Olliver" is unexcelled in its faithfulness. 

North Riding, page 117, York Minster Screen, delete name of 
author, and substitute : By George Newton Browne, of Derby 
(late Secretary to the Midland Railway Company). 



A.l] 



181 



INDEX. 



By WILLIAM E. A. AXON. 

The aim of this Index is to give the inquirer a clue by which he may 
learn all that this bibliographical list has to say respecting the authors, 
editors, pseudonyms, titles, and subjects of books on English dialects. 
It would perhaps have been easier to have constructed a skeleton biblio- 
graphy, but this could not have been so full and suggestive as an index, 
which is practically a concordance of every word in the titles likely to 
become an object of research. Thus, under the name of Prince L. L. 
Bonaparte, references are given to the pages in which his numerous and 
valuable privately printed dialect works are registered. Pseudonyms, as 
Tim Bobbin, Jan Trenoodle, Elfin, and so forth, are entered, in many 
cases, under both names and surnames. Titles also have been registered 
where they can be distinguished from subjects. Thus the Dorset Gram- 
mar of the Kev. William Barnes must be sought for under his name and 
under " Dorsetshire Bibliography," but his pamphlet on the " Unioneers " 
is entered under that title as well. It may be safely assumed that any 
person using this index will know the real or assumed name of the author, 
or the title of the book, or the subject of which it treats. Under any of 
these conditions he will be able to make use of this index which contains 
about 3,000 references. 



A.B.C. of Slang, 165. 

Ab-o'-th'-Yate, 58. 

Abbot, 149. 

Abecedarium Anglico-Latinum, 4. 

Aberdeenshire Bibliography, 138. 

Aberford Dialect, 112. 

Abrum o' Flups, 81. 

Academy, 171. 

A. D., 17. 

"Adam Bede" Dialect, viii. 

Adams, Rev. James, 137. 

Adeler, Max, 170. 

Adnitt, H. W., 177. 

Adventures of Two Cornish Miners, 2G. 

After Business Jottings, 56. 

Agriculture, 12, 15, 141, 177, 178. 

Agrikler, 101. 



Ains worth, W. H., 55. 

Alton, William, 141. 

Ajax, his Speech, 138. 

Akerman, John Yonge, 107, 108. 

Albanian Slang, 164. 

Alchester, 99. 

Ale, 111, 117. 

Ale versus Physic, 80. 

Alec Forbes of Howglen, 144. 

Alexander, — ., 139. 

Alexander, E. N., 126. 

All Neet in a Grave, 55, 69. 

All round the Wrekin, 99. 

Allan, Robert, 147, 148. 

Allen, John, 90. 

Allies, Jabez, 108. 

Alliterative Poems, 89. 



13 



182 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A.I. 



Allusions, 13. 

Almanacs, 28, 42, 84, 90, 97, 116, 122, 

124, 126, 128, 156. 
Almond, J., 55. 
Alnwick Vocal Miscellany, 94. 
Alvearie, 4. 

Ambrosden Dialect, 18, 98. 
American Cyclopaedia, 169. 
American War, 28. 
Americanisms, Bibliography, 166. 
Amusements of Leisure Hours, 139. 
Analectic Magazine, 170. 
Ajichoran, John, 6, 
Anderson, Alexander, 142. 
Anderson, Sir Charles John Henry, 91. 
Anderson, Kobert, 31, 35, 36, 37, 38. 
Andrews, George, 161. 
Andromeda, 154. 
Anecdotes of Literature, 161. 
Anglers' Garlands, 96. 
Angling, 101. 
Anglo-German, 169. 
Anglo-Indian Dialect, 172. 
Anglo-Saxon, 14, 100. 
Angus Dialect, 135. 
Annals of the Parish, 141. 
Another Hand, 39. 
Antiquary, 149. 
Antiquitates Curiosse, 13. 
Antrim, 156. 
Anturs of Arthur, 89. 
Anudder Batch, 42. 

Appleby Election, 106. 

Appleby Speech, 105. 

Archseologia Cantiana, 175. 

Archaeology, 155. 

Argot, 164. 

Armorican Dialect, 21. 

Arnside Wedding, 105. 

Art of Thieving, 161. 

Artemus Ward, 170. 

Artist, 107. 

Ash, John, 9, 160. 

Ashburner, George, 55, 76. 

Ashton-under-Lyne Dialect, 55, 86. 

Ajsian Slang, 164. 

Askew, John, 40. 

At the Door, 49. 

Athenaeum, 100, 171. 

Atkinson, Rev. J. C, 79, 119, 179. 

Aubrey, John, 102. 

Aud Isaac, 118. 

Audelay, John, 99. 

Auld Robin Gray, 144. 

Avowynge of Arthur, 89. 

A. W., 105. 

Aw connut dry my heen, 81. 

Aw hardly know, 73. 

Aw'l bring thee a barrow, 85. 

Aw'll ne'er be fuddled ogen, 76. 

Aw'm a poor working mon, 85. 

Awd Daisy, 111, 113, 117. 

Awd Gab, 120. 

Awdeley, John, 157. 



Axholme Dialect, 90. 

Axon, William E. A., Bibliography of 
Lancashire, 54 ; Index to this work, 
181 ; Writings in the Lancashire dia- 
lect, 55 ; other references, 2, 56, 61, 
70, 71, 89, 176, 177. 

Ayenbite of Inwyt, .54. 

Aynuck o' Ned's, 82. 

Ayr Dialect, 133, 135. 

Ayrshire Bibliography, 140, 

Ayrshire Legatees, 141. 

Aytoun, William E., 154. 

Bacchus and Venus, 160. 

Bachelor's Wants, 83, 

Badcock, John, 163. 

Bag o' Shoddy Olmenac, 126. 

Bagnall, Joshua, 95. 

Bailey, J. E., 175, 176. 

Bailey, J. M., 170. 

Bailey, Nath., 7, 8, 160. 

Baird, Henry, 47. 

Bairnsla Foaks Annual, 129 . 

Baker, Anne Elizabeth, 93. 

Bakers of Albania, 164. 

Bal, 21. 

Balfour, Alexander, 144. 

Ballads of the Peasantry, 15. 

Bailies, 80. 

Bamford, S., 56, 65, 72, 80. 

Bamfylde Moore Carew, 161. 

Banffshire Bibliography, 141. 

Bang-up Dictionary, 162. 

Banim, John, 155, 

Banks of the Boro, 156. 

Banks, Mrs, G. L,, 173, 176, 178. 

Banks, Wm. Stott, 124. 

Bannister, Dr., v. 

Baragawaneth, Robin, 19. 

Barnard, Lady Ann, 144. 

Barber's Shop, 79. 

Barber, H., 56. 

Barbour, John, 134. 

Barclay, James, 9, 

Bards of the Tyne, 150. 

Baret, John, 4. 

Bargy Barony Dialect, 155. 

Barker, Peter, 122. 

Barkshire Tragedy, 18. 

Barlow, Rev. F., 9. 

Barlow, T. Worthington, 19. 

Barnbow Dialect, 112. 

Barnsley Dialect, 116, 128, 

Barnes, Rev. William, Bibliography of 
Dorsetshire, 48 ; other references, 2, 
11, 156. 

Barony Dialect, 104. 

Barrel Organ, 86. 

Bartlett, John Russell, 168. 

Bartholomew Fair, 100, 158. 

Barwick Dialect, 112. 

Batch o' Jannocks, 58. 

Batchelor, T., 18. 

Batley Dialect, 126. 



A.I.] 



INDEX. 



183 



Battle of Lanterns, 26. 

Baylis, F. G., 52. 

Baynes, T. S., 100. 

B. E., 159, 160. 

Beacon Almanack, 127. 

Bealey, R. E.. 56. 

Beattie, J., 136, 139. 

Beaumont and Fletcher, 158. 

Beck, T. Romeyn, 168. 

Bedfordshire Bibliography, 18. 

Bee, John, 163. 

Beeston Ghost, 92. 

Beggars, 157, 159, 164. 

Beggar's Bush, 158. 

Beggars' King, 161. 

Belcher, Eev. B., 52. 

Belfast Dialect, 155, 156. 

Bell, John, 94. 

Bell, Robert, 20, 115. 

Bellamy, D., 9. 

Bellman of London, 158. 

Bellman of Ripon, 111. 

Beloe, Rev. William, 161. 

Ben an' th' Bantam, 86. 

Ben Brust, 125. 

Ben Butterworth, 78. 

Ben Bunt's Weddin', 129. 

Bernard, Richard, 90. 

Berkshire Bibliography, 18. 

Berrington Dialect, 90. 

Berwickshire Bibliography, 141 ; other 

references, 17, 97. 
Besom Ben, 86. 
Best, Henry, 115. 
Betty o' Yep's, 56, 74. 
Betty White, 23. 
Bevis, Dr., 8. 
Bewick, Thomas, 31, 96, 
B. I., 5. 

Bibliography of Gypsy Dialect, 171. 
Bibliotheca Cornubiensis, 20. 
Bibliotheca Hispanica, 4. 
Bibliotheca Northumbriensis, 98. 
Bicester, 99. 
Bickerdike, A. W., 127. 
Bigelow Papers, 166, 169. 
Bigg, John Stanyan, 66. 
Bilberry Thurland, 98. 
Bill's Answer, 125. 
Bill o'th Hoylhus, 128. 
Billings, Josh, 170. 
Billington, W., 57. 
Billy Fatcake, 75. 
Billy-Goat Club, 55. 
Billy Mc.Cart, 156. 
Billy O' Bent's Berryin', 55. 
Bilsdale Dialect, 119. 
Bishopric Garland, 49, 73. 
Bits o' Rhyme, 74. 
Bits o' Skits, 74. 
Black Bookes Messenger, 158 
Black Dwarf, 149. 
Black Garland, 96. 
Black Knight of Ashton, 55. 



Black, W. H., 107. 

Blachah, Thomas, 122. 

Blackburne, J. I., 89. 

Blackguardiana, 161. 

Blackmore, R. D., 174. 

Blackwood's Magazine, 45, ] 72. 

Blake, Joseph, 160. 

Blamire, Susannah, 31, 33. 

Blight, Joseph, 20. 

Blind Harry, 134. 

Blithburgh, 101. 

Blome, R., 17. 

Bloomfield, Giles, 49. 

Bloomfield, Robert, 101. 

Blount, Thomas, 6. 

Blueskin, 160. 

Boase, G. C, Bibliography of Corn- 
wall, 19 ; other references, v., 20. 

Bogg, John, 10. 

Bobbin, Tim, see Collier, John. 

Bobbinwinder, Sally, 127, 129. 

Bobby Banks' Bodderment, 40. 

Bobby Bareyed, 74. 

Bobby Poldue, 21. 

Bobby Shuttle, 83. 

Bodkin, Tammas, 143. 

Boggart of Orton Clough, 55, 

Boggart o' Gorton Chapelyord, 71, 

Boggart o' Longsight, 57. 

Bohn, H. G., 157. 

Bolton Dialect, 83. 

Bolton, David, 57. 

Bolton, John, 57. 

Bome Miln Olmenac, 126. 

Bonaparte, Prince L. L., 2, 16, 38, 39, 
47, 50, 79, 82, 92, 97, 101, 103, 106, 
108, 121, 124, 129, 131, 149, 150. 

Bonnie Nan, 87. 

Bon-Ton Dictionary, 163. 

Book of Days, 16. 

Boord, Andrew, 99. 

Boozing Ken, 160. 

Border Dialect, 135. 

Border Minstrelsy, 152. 

Borders, Tales of the, 153. 

Borderer's Table Book, 96. 

Borrow, George, 171. 

Borrowdale Letter, 34, 35, 41, 42, 105. 

Boston Dialect 90. 

Boswell, Sir Alexander, 142. 

Bos worth. Rev. J., 14, 43. 

Bottrell, Wm., junr., 20, 

Boucher, Rev. Jonathan, 12, 29, 31, 
104. 

Bowen, Francis, 169. 

Bowness, William, 106, 107. 

Bowring, Benjamin, 45. 

Bowring, Sir John, 45, 47. 

Bowton's Yard, 75. 

Bowtun Loominary, 83. 

Boxiana, 162. 

Boys, W., 53. 

Boz, 91. 

B. R., 90. 



184 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A.I. 



Bradford Dialect, 124, 126. 

Bradford Songs, 125, 

Bradly's Visit, 58. 

Bradshaw, Henry, 19. 

Braithwait, Robert, 57. 

Bran New Wark, 104. 

Brand, John, 13. 

Brandon, H., 163. 

Branthet Neuk Boggle, 40. 

Brayley, E. W., 14, 99. 

Breakwindows, Mr., 162. 

Brearcliflfe, J., 126. 

Brewer, E. C, 17. 

Brice, Andrew, 45. 

Bride of Lammermoor, 149. 

Brierley, B., 54, 58, 173. 

Brierley, Thomas, 60. 

Briggs, John, 60, 107. 

Brigsteer Peat Loaves, 105. 

Briscoe, E. W., 60. 

Briscoe, J. P., iv., 2, 60. 

Bristed, (J. A., 169. 

Brither Jan, 47. 

Britain, Description, 157. 

British Bibliographer, 161. 

Britton, John, 107. 

Broad wood, Rev. Mr., 102. 

Brockett, J. P., 14, 17, 29, 114. 

Brockett, W. E., 114. 

Brockie, W., 141. 

Brogden, J. Ellett, 90. 

Brokesby, Erancis, 116. 

BroEQe, Richard, 158. 

Brooke, W. andB,, 90, 

Brotigh, James, 101. 

Broughton-in-Eurnesa Dialect, 86. 

Brown, Alexander, 117. 

Brown, Geordy, 97. 

Brown, John, 90. 

Brown, J, D., 141. 

Brown, Robert Dunmoor Craufurd, 149. 

Brown, Captain Thomas, 138, 153. 

Brown, Rev. Thomas Alexander, 117. 

Browne, C. E., 170. 

Browne, George Newton, 177. 

Browne, R., 5. 

Browne, Rev. Thomas, 113, 117. 

Brown, Sir Thomas, 91. 

Brunne, Roberd, 90. 

Brydges, Sir Egerton, 161. 

Brydon, James, 148. 

Buchan Dialect, 135, 138. 

Buchan, Peter, 153, 154. 

Buchanan, James, 9. 

Buckinghamshire Bibliography, 18, 98. 

Buckish Slang, 161. 

Buckle to, 87. 

Buckman, Professor, 52. 

Budge, Joseph, 45. 

Budget, 94. 

Budget of Cornish Poems, 27. 

BuUein, WiUiam, 93. 

BuUokar, John, 5. 

Bunch of Water Cresses, 55. 



Bundle of Eents, 58. 

Bunk Ho, 58, 

Bunting, Rev. Jabez, 127. 

Burcester Dialect, 18, 98. 

Burchett, Josiah, 145. 

Burke, Edmund, 86. 

Burnley, James, 125. 

Burn, Peter, 42. 

Burn, Richard, 29. 

Burnett, Erances Dodgson, 176. 

Burns, R. , 133, 138, 140. 

Burton-in-Lonsdale, 121. 

Bury MufiF, 69. 

Buttermilk Jack, 18. 

Butterworth, James, 60, 72. 

Byegones, 99. 

Bye Mos Ready, 49. 

Byrom, J., 61. 

By water, Abel, 130, 131. 

Caermarthenshire Bibliography, 132. 

Caithness Dialect, 135. 

California, 26. 

California Dialect, 166. 

Californian Digger Stories, 170. 

Caledonian Muse, 152. 

Caledonian Warbler, 153. 

Cambrian Archasological Association, 23 

Cambridge University Slang, 161. 

Campbell, Thomas, 140, 154. 

Canada Dialect, 166. 

Can yo tell us, 73. 

Canny Yatton Eeast, 119. 

Cant, Bibliography of, 157. 

Canting Academy, 159. • 

Canterbury, 53. 

Carew, B. M., 161. 

Carey, Henry, 113. 

Carleton, William, 155. 

Carlop Green, 149. 

Carolinas Dialect, 167. 

Carr, Rev. Wm , 121. 

Carrick Dialect, 135. 

Carter's Struggles, 74. 

Cartledge, J. G., 131. 

Case of Samples, 61. 

Castillo, John, 119. 

Catholicon Anglicum, 3. 

Caulfield, James, 161. 

Cauvert, Oliver, 121. 

Caveat for Cursetors, 157. 

Celts Eictions, 155. 

C. H.,5. 

Chalmers, A., 10. 

Chalmers, G., 145. 

Chambers, R., 16, 140. 

Chambers, W. and R„ 9, 169. 

Changes sin au wur a lad, 76. 

Chapel Island, 86. 

Charlesworth, Joseph, 61, 78. 

Charley Shepsterd, 80. 

Chase Slang, 163. 

Chasteau d' Amour, 110. 

Chater, J. W., 97. 



A.I.] 



INDEX. 



185 



Chattwood, E., 61. 
Chaucer, a, 110. 
Cheat's Dictionary, 159. 
Cheer up, toilin' brothers, 76. 
Cheshire Bibliography, 18, 173. 
Cheshire Dialect, 69. 
Cheshire Gypsy Life, 171. 
Cheshire Historical Collector, 19, 
Chester Chronicle, 85. 
Chetham Hospital, 69. 
Chetham Society, 61. 
Chethams of Nuthurst, 89. 
China-EngUsh Dialect, 172. 
Chippindale, E.., 125. 
Chirrup, 86. 
Cheviots Dialect, 135. 
Choice Notes, 16, 17. 
Christian, John, 42. 
Christmas Carols, 22. 
Chronicles of the Canongate, 149. 
Chronicles of Waverlow, 58. 
Chronicon Vilodunense, 107. 
Church of England and Lambeth Maga- 
zine, 171. 
Churchill, T., 9. 

Churchman's Family Magazine, 115. 
Clare, John, 93. 
Clark, Charles, 51. 
Clark, C. H., 170. 
Clark, Ewan, 34, 105. 
Clarke, Henry, 61, 175. 
Clarke, Hyde, 7.^ 
Clarke, James, 35. 
Clarke, Rev. Thomas, 104, 106, 107. 
Claybrook Dialect, 90. 
Clayton, W., 16. 
Cleishbotham the _ 
Clemens, S. L., 170. 
Cleveland Dialect, 119, 179. 
Cleveland, Florence, 120. 
Clock Dressin, 67. 
Clydesdale Dialect, 135. 
Coal Trade Glossary, 96. 
Cobbler's Stratagem, 59. 
Cock and Bull Story, 113. 
Cocke Lorell, 157. 
Cocker, Ed., 6. 
Cockeram, H., 5. 
Cockin, Wm., 32. 
Coddy Miln Olmenack, 126. 
Collector, 128. 
Coles, Elisha, 6. 
College Slang, 164. 

Collier, John, 19, 54, 60, 61, 71, 80, 86. 
Colleen's Warning, 77. 
Collins, Eev. J., 132. 
Collins, S., 66. . 
Colonna, Guido, 89. 
Come, Jamie, let's undo thi slioon, 87. 
Come, limber, lads, 87. 
Come, Mary, link thi arm i' mine, 85. 
Come to thi Gronny, 325. 
Come whoam to thi childer an' me, 8iJ. 
Companion by the way, 105. 



Competing, 148. 

Complaynt of Scotland, 137. 

Confessional, 141. 

Conie Catchers, 158. 

Constable's Guide, 164. 

Content, 178. 

Cooke, George A., 46. 

Cooley, Arnold J., 9. 

Cooper, Joseph, 67. 

Cooper, Thomas, 4. 

Cooper, William Durant, 103. 

Coosnage, 158. 

Cope's Tobacco Plant, 6. 

Coquet Dale Fishing Songs, 96. 

Corcoran, Peter, 162. 

Cork Job, 18. 

Cornish Farmer, 23. 

Cornish Mining Dialect, 21. 

Cornish Rock Names, 173. 

Cornish Thalia, 20. 

Corringham Dialect, 176. 

Corry, John, 64, 65. 

Corvan, Ned, 98. 

Cornubian, 20, 27. 

Cornwall Bibliography, 19, 173 ; in- 
cidental references, 46, 48. 

Costermongers' Slang, 165. 

Costume of the Gypsies, 171. 

Cotgrave, R, 3, 5. 

Cotswold Dialect, 52. 

Couch, Jonathan, 20. 

Couch, Thomas Quiller, 20. 

Coulter, Roger, 49. 

Country Ballads, 115. 

Country Chap, 116. 

Country Gaby, 67. 

Country Words, 67. 

Countryman's Conductor, 48. 

Coursen, A. de, 21. 

Courtin Neet, 75. 

Courtney, W. P., Bibliography of Corn- 
wall, 19; other references, v., 20. 

Courtship and Wedding of Jock o' the 
Knowe, 146. 

Cousin Jan's Courtship, 22. 

Cousin Liz, 55. 

Cowd Winter, 57. 

Cowdroy the Printer, 86. 

Cowgill, 121. 

Craig, John, 9. 

Craven Dialect, 111, 121. 

Crawford, David, 142. 

Crawnashan Da, 129. 

Creakin Gate, 125. 

Crime, 163. . 

Crofton, H. T.,171. 

Croll, H., 164. 

Cromek, R. H., 140, 142. 

Cross Biters, 158. 

Cross Yat's Boggle, 39. 

Cruikshank, George, 163. 

Crow Boy, 178. 

CuUum, Rev. Sir John, 101. 

Culpepper, N., 17. 



186 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A.l. 



Cumberland Dialect, 60, 93, 104, 105, 

106, 107. 
Cumberland Farm Life, 89. 
Cumbriana, 39. 
Cumbrian Minstrel, 36. 
Cuming, Dr., 49. 
Cummerland Talk, 42. 
Cunningnam, Allan, 153. 
Cunningham, Peter, 50. 
Cunningham, Thomas, 144. 
Cupid's Garden, 18. 
Cure for th' Toothwarch, 76. 
Currie, William, iv, 135, 144. 
Currie, James, 140, 149. 
Cursham, Ann Mary, 98. 
Customs, 13, 14, 114, 142. 

Daisy Nook, 59, 85. 

Dame Flatback, 131. 

Dana, Charles A., 169. 

D anbury Newsman, 170. 

Dandy Jim, 86. 

Daniel, Henry John, 20, 21. 

Danish Slang, 164. 

Darby and Joan, 113. 

Darley, Mr., 158. 

Darrah, Charles, 67. 

Davies, Gilbert, 22. 

Davies, Rev. John, 67, 76. 

Davies, Thomas, 99, 178. 

Davis, — , 166. 

Dawes, Richard, 93. 

Dawson, — , 67. 

Day at Blackboo', 55. 

Dead Man's Dinner, 86. 

Dean Church Ghost, 67. 

Dear Old England, 76. 

Decker, Thomas, 158, 

De Coursen, A., 21. 

Defoe, B. N., 8. 

Delony, Thomas, 100. 

Dent Dialect, 121. 

De Putron, Rev. R., 103. 

Denham Tracts, 15. 

Denton, Rev. Thomas, 31. 

De Quincey, Thomas, 30. 

Derby, Earl of, 75. 

Derbyshire Bibliography, 43, 174 ; inci- 
dental references, 14, 17, 21. 

Derbyshire Dialect, viii. 

Derham, W., 122. 

Devil i' th' Landlord's Cellar, 6S. 

Devizes Advertizer, 108. 

Devonshire Bibliography, 17, 44, 174. 

Dewsbury Dialect, 123, 126. 

Dialect-books, varying value, vi, vii. 

Dialect words incidentally mentioned : 
e-na-store, 19 ; enough and enoo, 19 ; 
foyboat", 17 ; heckforth, vi ; herfker, 
vi ; mun, 177 ; spurring, 17 ; stang, 
12 ; stump pye ; Thisne, 176 : unked, 
177. 

Dialects and Literary Art, viii. 

Dick and Sal, 53. 



Dick and the Devil, 112. 

Dick Mouldy warp, 68. 

Dick, J., 14L 

Dicky and Dolly, 55. 

Dickinson, William, 30, 39. 

Dickey Otley, 130. 

Dictionaries, 3. 

Dictionarium Anglo Britannicum, 7. 

Dictionarium Rusticum, 12. 

Dinsdale, F. T., 50. 

Disconsolate William, 162. 

Discourse, New Help, 159. 

Dixon, Rev. James, 42. 

Dixon, James Henry, 15, 115. 

Dobbin, Daniel, 106. 

Doctor, 106. 

Doctor Cox, 100. 

Doctor Rondeau's Revenge, 55. 

Dodd, William, 98. 

Doig, William, iv, 136. 

Dolly Dugging, 115. 

Dominie's Legacy, 147. 

Donald, J., 9. 

Donaldson, — , 67. 

Donaldson, David, 89. 

Doncaster Dialect, 110, 

Dorsetshire Bibliography, 46, 48, 174. 

Douglas, Gavin, 136. 

Douglas, W. Scott, 140. 

Dowie Dens o' Yarrow, 148, 

Down, 156. 

Downing, Jack, 166. 

Doyle, Ezia, 127. 

Drayson, Mary, 42. 

Drolls, 23. 

Drunkenness, 130, 

Ducange, C. D., 160. 

Ducange Anglicus, 164. 

Ductor in Linguas, 5. 

Duffrey, 156. 

Dule's i' this bonnet o' mine, 86. 

Dulesgate, 86. 

Dumbartonshire Bibliography, 142. 

Dumfriesshire Bibliography, 142, 

Dunbar, William, 136. 

Duncumb, John, 53, 162. 

Dunton, John, 159. 

Dunwich, 101. 

Durfey, Thomas, 54, 100. 

Durham Bibliography, 49, 50, 96, 98, 

no. 

Durham Minstrel, 13, 49. 

Dutch Dictionary, 5. 

Dutch of Pennsylvania, 169. 

Dutch Slang, 164. 

Dutch- American, 167. 

Dyche, Rev. Thomas, 8, 

Dyer, Samuel, 125. 

E. B., 159, 160. 

E-na-storr, 177. 

Easther, Rev. A., 128. 

East Anglia Bibliography, 50, 175. 

East Anglian, 51, 175. 

East Saxon Dialect, 51. 



A.I.] 



INDEX. 



187 



Eastern England, 51. 

Eavesdropper, 82. 

Eawr Bessey, 56. 

Eawr Folk, 87. 

Eawr Jack's Weddin, 74. 

Eawr Jim, 75. 

Eccles, J. H., 127. 

Echoes from a Lancashire Vale, 82. 

Eddowes' Shrewsbury Journal, 99. 

Eden, Sir Frederick Morton, 12. 

Edgcome, Marianne, 22. 

Edinburghshire Bibliography, 142, 143. 

Edith (Saint), 107. 

Edmonston, Thomas, 149. 

Edward, Thomas, 141. 

Edwin, Lukey, 23. 

Egan, Pierce, 162, 163. 

Eglinton, Sir Hugh, 89. 

Election at Appleby, 106. 

Election Ball, 100. 

Election of M.P., 75. 

Elfin, 21. 

Eliot, G., Dialect of her Novels, viii. 

Elizabeth, Queen, 104. 

Elliott, Jean, 148. 

Elliott, N., 143. 

Ellis, Alexander J., 44, 54, 116. 

Ellis, Miss 0., 89. 

Ellis, Sir Henry, 13. 

Elmete, 123. 

Elphinstone, James, 9, 136. 

Elworthy, Thomas Frederick, 177. 

Elwyn, Alfred L., 169. 

Elyot, Sir Thomas, 4. 

Emigrant's Family 144. 

English Language in America, 169. 

English Language in India, 172. 

English Dialects, 173. 

English, Henry, 21. 

English Eogue, 158, 160. 

Enoch Arden, 90. 

Enough and Enoo, 19. 

Entail, 141. 

Erratics by a Sailor, 91. 

Essex Bibliography, 51, 17. 

Esther Brilla's Divvy, 74. 

Ettrick Shepherd's Tales, 148. 

Etymological Dictionary, 137. 

Etymologicura Anglicanum, 8. 

Etymology ; Fanciful, vii. 

Evangeline, 150, 177. 

Evans Arthur B., 89, 90. 

Everett, James, 123. 

E very-day Book, 14.. 

Ewing, — , 92. 

Exhibition of 1857, 129. 

Exmoor Dialect, 174. 

Exmoor Courtship, 45. 

Exmoor Scolding, 14, 45. 

r.,H., 5 
F., R., 138. 
Factory Girl, 145. 
Factory Lad, 85. 



Factory System, 116, 

Fair, 111. 

Fairford Church Windows, 175. 

Fairies, 152. 

Falls of Clyde, 152. 

Fancy, 162. 

Far from the Madding Crowd, 174. 

Farish, — , 33. 

Farmer's Boy, 102. 

Farmer Brown's Blunders, 26. 

Farmer Dobbin, 19. 

Farmer Giles, 122. 

Farnorth, 78. 

Farrer, John, 96. 

Faringdon Inventories, 18. 

Fashionable Wife, 74. 

Fawse Jimmy, 74. 

Featherston, J., 50. 

Feight Fair, 76. 

Felley fio Eachde, 68, 78. 

Fellowship, 49. 

Felon Sewe, 111, 115. 

Fenning, Daniel. 9. 

Ferguson, Rev. D., 139. 

Ferguson, David, 151, 152. 

Ferguson, G. A., 68. 

Ferguson, Robert, 30, 142. 

Fetherston, W. F., 120. 

Finchale Priory, 50. 

Fifeshire Bibliography, 144. 

Field Flowers, 5, 6. 

Finlay, James, 152. 

Fireside Stories, 155. 

Firth, John, 126. 

Fishtoft Dialect, 90. 

Fitting him for Society, 83. 

Fitton, Neddy, 75. 

Flash Dick, 162. 

Flash Slang, 159, 163. 

Flecher, Henry Mc.D., 156. 

Fletcher, John, 158. 

Florio, John, 4, 5. 

Francis, Mrs., 104, 178. 

Frank, Hawthorn, 116. 

Fratchingtons, 59. 

Fraternity of Vagabonds, 157. 

Free, John, D.D., 48. 

French Dictionaries, 5. 

French Exhibition, 129. 

Frere Serjeant, 91. 

Friends are few, 57. 

Freiston Dialect, 90. 

Frogland Olmenac, 124. 

Fry, William, 9. 

Folio, Felix, 61. 

Folk Lore, 16, 70, 97, 108, 123, 149, 155. 

Follor 'em whoam, foak, 74. _ 

Foot Passengers keep to the Right, 73, 

75. 
Footpads, 159. 
Forbes, Peter, 143. 
Forbes, Robert, 138. 
Forby, Rev. R., vi, 17, 50, 
Forfar, W. B., 21. 



188 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A.I. 



Forfarshire Bibliography, 144. 

Forgive one Another, 87. 

Forness Folk, 56. 

Forster, John George, 96. 

Forth Barony Dialect, 156. 

Fortunate Shepherdess, 139, 

Fortunes of Nigel, 149. 

Fosbrooke, T. D., 5L 

Found Drowned, 22. 

Fox, Charles, 22. 

Fox, S. P., 174. 

Foyboat, 17. 

Furness Dialect, 32, 56, 57, 60, 77, 86. 

Furnivall, F. J., 90, 157, 

Gaarge Kidler's Oven, 18. 

Gaelic, 135, 138, 

Gairdner, James, 91. 

Galfrido Grammatico, 92. 

Gall, Eichard, 144, 154. 

Gallovidian Encyclopaedia, 144. 

Galloway Dialect, 135. 

Galloway Song, 142. 

Gait, John, 14L 

Gardner Thomas, 101. 

Garforths Dialect, 112. 

Garlands for Anglers, 96. 

Garland of Goodwill, 100. 

Garland of Poetry, 115. 

Garnett, Kev. Richard, 104, 115. 

Garnett, Richard, 14, 15. 

Gaskel's Original Comic Songs, 68. 

Gaskell, Mrs., 73. 

Gaskell, Rev. W. 68. 

Gate of Tongues, 6. 

Gateshead Cabinet, 94. 

Gateshead Songster, 94. 

Gaul, 21. 

Gazophylacium Anglicanum, 6. 

Gems of Thought, 79. 

Gentle Jone, 87. 

Gentle Shepherd, 145. 

Gentleman's Magazine, 17, 45, 46. 

Geoffrey Gimcrack, 69. 

Geological Fragments, 57. 

Geordy Brown, 97. 

George III., 94. 

George, 76. 

Georgia Dialect, 168. 

Gerard, J., 17. 

German Slang, 164. 

German Translations, 153. 

Gervis Marianne, 22, 24. 

Gest Hystoriale, 89. 

Ghost of Tim Bobbin, 80. 

Ghost of Owd Clock Case, 81. 

Ghost Story, 67. 

Gibson, A. C, vi, 41, 42. 106. 

Giles's Trip to London, 92. 

Gilchrist, John, 152. 

Gilchrist, Robert, 95. 

Gillett, Edward, 92. 

Gilmour, David, 147. 

Gilpin, Catherine, 33, 105. 



Gilpin, Sidney, 30, 31, 33, 38. 

Gimcrackiana, 69. 

Gipsies' Dictionary. 159. 

Gipsies Metamorphosed, 158. 

Gipsies : see also Gypsy and Zincali. 

Glamorganshire Bibliography, 131. 

Glenesk, 137. 

Glossarium Archaiologicum, 6. 

Glossographia, 6. 

Glossographia Anglicana Nova, 7. 

Glory, 178. 

Gloucestershire Bibliography, 51, 175. 

Glyde, J., 102, 

Go, tak thi ragg'd childer, 59. 

Goblin Parson, 87. 

Goblin's Grave, 86. 

God bless these poor folk, 86. 

God bless thi silver yure, 87. 

God's Providence House, 173. 

Golden Bracelet, 56. 

Golden Cabinet of Secrets, 159. 

Good-bye to Owdham Teawn, 77. 

Good wife at home, 139. 

" Good Words," 18, 173. 

Goodrich, C. A., 10. 

Goorkrodger, Timothy, 120. 

Gordon, James, 161. 

Gordon, Thomas, 9. 

Gordon, W., 146. 

Gorton, 175, 

Gospel, 149, 150. 

Gossips, 130. 

Gossips Flummockt, 131. 

Gough, John, 106. 

Gough, Richard, 177. 

Gower Dialect, 132. 

Gower, Granville Leveson, 102, 178. 

Gracey, Penrose, 22. 

Gradus ad Cantabrigiam, 161. 

Graham, Charles, ^^4. 

Grainge, WilHam, 115, 122, 127. 

Grammer's Cat and Ours, 26. 

Graphic Illustrator, 14. 

Grasmere Dialect, 104. 

Gray, Thomas, 50. 

Great Mine Conference, 23. 

Great World of London, 164. 

Greek Dictionaries, 5. 

Green, David, 116. 

Greene, Robert, 158. 

Gregor, Rev. Walter, 141. 

Gregson, John Stanley, 69. 

Grenville Collection, i45. 

Greyt Eggshibishun, 68, 78. 

Greyt Pot Oon, 74. 

Griffin Gerald, 155. 

Grimsby Trip, 76. 

Grimshaw, William, 9. 

Grinfilt, Jone, 72. 

Grosart, A. B., 147. 

Grose, Francis, 1, 12, 91, 160, 161, 163. 

Grosthead, (Bp.), 110. 

Groundworke of Conny-Catching, 158. 

Grub Street Journal, 100. 



A. 1. 



INDEX. 



189 



Grubb, Jeremiah, 76. 
Guest, Edwin, 14. 
Guid Man o' Inlismaill, 140. 
Guido, Colonna, 89. 
Gum, John, 92. 
Gurney, Anna, 176. 
Guy Mannering, 149. 
Guy of Gisborne, 115. 
Gwatkin, Mrs., 46. 
Gwordie, Greenup, 42. 
Gwordy and Will, 34. 
Gypsy Bibliography, 164, 171. 
Gypsy Costume, 171. 

Habberton, John, 170. 

Habbie and Madge, 143. 

Hackey and Markey, 25, 26. 

Hadfield, H. H., 69. 

Haggart, David, 163. 

Hagmena Song, 115. 

Haldeman, S. S,, 169. 

Hales, J. W., 173. 

Haliburton, Judge, 166. 

Halifax Dialect, 126. 

Hall, B. H., 164. • 

Hall, Mrs. S. C, 155. 

Hallamshire Dialect, 123, 130. 

Halliday, John, 148. 

Halliwell, James Orchard, 13, 15, 16, 

22, 69, 70, 92, 99, 100, 111, 114, 115, 

178. 
Hal ton Feast, 74. 
Hamilton, R. Winter, 123. 
Hampshire Bibliography, 15, 52. 
Hand of Ethelberta, 174. 
Handlyng Synne, 90. 
Hans Breitmann, 169. 
Hardcastle, Mr., 130. 
Hardwick, Charles, 67. 
Hardy, Thomas, 174. 
Hare, W., 47. 
Harker, B. J., 122. 
Harkyology, 23. 
Harland, Captain John, 122. 
Harland, John, 67, 70. 
Harman, Thomas, 157. 
Harnet set in a hollow tree, 49. 
Harp of Renfrewshire, 147. 
Harrison, J., 70. 
Harrison, James, 42. 
Harrison, William, 157. 
Harrod, W., 98. 
Harrogate Herald, 127. 
Harry's Courtship, 115. 
Har'st Kirn, 144. 
Hart, Charles B., 170. 
Hart, W. H., 102. 
Harte, Bret, 170. 
Hartley, John, 127. 
Hartshome, Eev. C. H., 99. 
Harvest Worn, 178. 
Harvey, Thomas Hingston, 23. 
Hatfield the Impostor, 35. 
Hatton, Edmund, 126. 



Haunted Bridge, 56. 
Havelok the Dane, 90. 
Hawcroft, J. M., 56, 71. 
Hawkins, Edward, 19. 

Hawkins, John, 7. 

Haworth Dialect, 128. 

Haworth, John Higson, 176; 

Haws, Thomas, 70. 

Hawsted Dialect, 101. 

Hawthorn, Erank,' 116. 

Hay Bag, 86. 

Hazlitt, W. C, 13. 

Head, Eichard, 158, 159. 

Hearne, Thomas, 172, 173. 

Heart of Mid-Lothian, 149. 

Hearthside Stories, 20. 

Heaw to ged Rich, 57. 

Heaton, William, 127. 

Heaw Billy Axmitage, 75. 

Heaw to Raise th' Woind, 76. 

Hebrew Dictionary, 5. 

Heckford, vi. 

Heed Mardale Fell, 106. 

Helenore, 139. 

Hell-fire Dick, 161. 

Help Yoresels, Lads, 76. 

Helps to Amusements, 83. 

Helston Furry day, 21. 

Henderson, Andrew, 153. 

Henderson, George, 97, 141. 

Henpecked Husband, 60. 

Henley (Orator), 159. 

Henry the Minstrel, 134. 

Henwood, George, 23, 150. 

Henwood, W. J., 21. 

Herd, David, 152. 

Herefordshire Bibliography, 53. 

Hewett, William, jun., 18. 

Heywood, Abel, 70. 

Hey wood, Thomas, 71. 

Heywood, Thomas, F.S.A., 71. 

H. J. B., 51. 

H., T. H., 23. 

Hick, Samuel, 123. 

Hickes, Dr., 114. 

Hickleton, 113. 

Higgins, John, 4. 

Higson, John, 71, 175, 

Higham, Robert H., 23. 

Higham, T. R., 5, 23. 

Highland Border Dialect, 135. 

Highwaymen, 159. 

Hinds — , 163. 

Hints for Scotchmen, 138. 

Hireing, 113. 

Hislop, Alexander, 154. 

Hitching, Charles, 159. 

Hoare, R. C, 107. 

Hodgson, John, 107. 

Hogg, James, 148, 152. 

Hogg, Nathan, 47. 

Holderness Dialect, 320, 179. 
I Holderness, T., 179. 
I Holloway, WiUiam, 14, 114. 
14 



190 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A.I. 



Hollowyoke un Infidelity, 175. 

Hollyband, Claudius, 5. 

Holroyd, Abraham, 115. 

Holt, S., 71. 

Holy Grail, 90. 

Holyoake, G. J., 175. 

Home Life, 86. 

Hone, William, 14, 88. 

Honest Humphrey, 44. 

Honest London Spy, 44. 

Honest Yorkshireman, 113. 

Hood, Tom, 170. 

Hooson, William, 43. 

Hooton, C, 98. 

Horae Momenta Cravenae, 122. 

Hore, Herbert, 156. 

Horman, W., 4, 

Hornyhand, 81. 

Hotten, John Camden, 157, 164. 

Houghton, Thomas, 12, 43, 174. 

How Bob Manock, 74. 

How Mrs. Feathers, 65. 

Howden, Robert, 143. 

Howdy, 96. 

Howell, J., 5. 

Howorth, D. F., 71. 

Howson, Wm., 121. 

Hoyle, W., 71. 

Huchowne, 89. 

Huddersfield Dialect, 128. 

Huddleston, Robert, 155. 

Hughes, Thomas, M.P., 18, 52. 

Hull Dialect, 120. 

Huloet, R., 4. 

Hume, Rev. A., 156. 

Hume, David, 136. 

Hunt, Robert, 23. 

Hunter, Joseph, 13, 123, 130. 

Huntley, Rev. R. Webster, 52. 

Hunting Party, 75. 

Hunting Songs, 19. 

Husbands' Tea Party, 83. 

Husbandry, 51. 

Hutton, Rev. John, 121. 

Button, WilHam, 104. 

Hutchinson's Cumberland, 29, 34. 

Idionia, 125, 
IdyUs o' Hame, 150. 
Imperial Lexicon, 10. 
Infallible Cure, 131. 
Infidelity, 175. 
Ingleborough Caves, 121. 
Ingledew, C. J. D., 115. 
Inglis, John, 143. 
Inhabitant, 120. 
Invasion, 117. 
Invasion o' Uston, 77. 
Ipswich Vocal Companion, 101. 
Ireland Bibliography, 155. 
Irish Words in Mining, 173. 
Irkdale, 59. 
Irstead Proverbs, 92. 
Isle of Man Bibliography, 132. 



Isle of Wight Dialect, 53. 

Italian Dictionary, 5. 

Italian Slang, 164. 

I've worn my bits o' shoon away, 87. 

Jack o' Dick's, 71. 

Jack o' Ned's, 74. 

Jack o' th' Nook, 76. 

Jackass Joe, 74. 

Jacob's Ladder, 119. 

Jacobus Januensis, 3. 

Jacobite Songs, 152. 

Jackson, Miss, 99. 

Jackson, Stephen, 121. 

Jackson, Rev. Thomas, 115, 

Jackson, William, Westmoreland Bib- 
liography, 104 ; other references, vi, 
28. 

James I. of Scotland, 136. 

James o' Peter's, 72. 

James, Mr., 25. 

James, Rev. S. B., 171. 

Jameson, Dr., 141. 

Jameson, R. S., 9. 

Jamie and Bess, 139. 

Jamie's Frolic, 86. • 

Jamie, William, 144. 

Jamieson, John, 137, 157. 

Jan Bray, 178. ' 

Jan Cladpole, 103. 

Jan Parkins, 23. 

Jan Ploughshare, 45. 

Jan Trenoodle, 25, 27. 

Jannock, 86. 

Januensis, Jacobus, 3. 

Jay Apassed, 49. 

Jenner, Henry, 132. 

Jennings, J., 17, 100. 

Jenny Blair, 143. 

Jephson, Rev. J. M., 51. 
i Jeremiah Grubb, 76. 
i Jervis, Captain, 365. 
! Jewitt, Lie welly nn, 43. 
I Jim and Nell, 47. 
1 Jim o' th' Pan's, 128. 
1 Jimmy Green, 106. 

Jimmy Troddles' Social Fender, 83. 
I Jimmy Trebilcock, 28. 
I Joaneridos, 99. 
j Jock o' the Knowe, 146. 
, Joco-Serious Discourse, 93. 

Jodrell, R. P., 10. 

Joe and the Geologist, 39. 

Joe and the Landlord, 41. 

Joe Turtledove's Visit to Blackpool, 76. 

Joe the Buits, 42. 

John Booth an' th' Vicar, 76. 

John Bull and Tom Stiles, 48. 

John Markenfield, 91. 

John o' Sham Wutherin's, 128. 

John Noakes, 51. 

John Thomas and Phillus, 49. 

John Whinbush, 178. 

Johnnie Nipnebs, 148. 



A. I] 



INDEX. 



191 



Johnny Cope, 144. 

Johnny Gibb of Gushetneuk, 139. 

Johnny Green's Wedding, 88. 

Johnny of the Brook, 78. 

Johnny o' Wobbler's, 86. 

Johnson, Samuel, 8, 9, 10, 11, 160, 

Johnstone, Elian, 145. 

Johnstone, John, 137. 

Johnstone, Thomas, 146. 

JoUie, — , 35, 41. 

Jone o' Grinfilt, 72. 

Jone o' Jeffrey's, 61, 71. 

Jones, Stephen, 9. 

Jones, S. S., 97. 

Jones, T. E.', 73. 

Jones, W. A., 101. 

Jonny Shippard's, 106. 

Jonson, Ben, 158. 

Jooa and Ailse, 76. 

Josee Cock, 25, 26. 

Joviall Crew, 158. 

Joyce, P. W., 155. 

Judd o' Ike's o' Jack's, 80. 

Junius, F., 8, 160. 

Kay-Shuttleworth, Sir J. P., 73. 

Keelrain's Comic Annewal, 97. 

Keighley Dialect, 128. 

Kelsall, J., 73. 

Kelly, James, 151. 

Kemble, J. M., 15, 102. 

Kendal Dialect, 104, 105. 

Kendal Mercury, 107. 

Kenilworth Castle, 104. 

Kennedy, Patrick, 155, 156. 

Kennedy, Theodora, 73. 

Kennedy, W. N., 148. 

Kennet, Bp. White, 16, 18, 98, 114. 

Kenrick, William, 9. 

Kent Bibliography, 53, 175. 

Kent Dialect, 15. 

Kent, E., 163. 

Kentish Review, 45. 

Ker, Thomas Foster, 74. 

Kerr, Symon, 146. 

Kersey, John, 6, 17. 

Kershaw, Jacob, 74. 

Kershaw, Tom, 74. 

Kestor and Betty, 83. 

Keys, — , 45. 

K. J., 6. 

Killingworth, 104. 

Kilkenny Dialect, 156. 

Kinahan, George Henry, 173. 

King's College, 104. 

King's Welcome, 143. 

Kingsbridge Dialect, 174. 

Kingsley, Charles, 154. 

Kirby Feight, 105. 

Kirk, Edward, 176. 

Kirkcudbright Bibliography, 144. 

Kirkman, — , 158. 

Kite, Edward, 108. 

Knaves Orders, 157. 



Knight's Quarterly Magazine, 101. 
Knocker Up, 74. 
Knowles, James, 9. 
Knox, Alexander, 156. 
Kynance Coal, 22. 

L. M. R, 74, 75, 76. 

Ladies' Dictionary, 159. 

Laffable Adventvires, 126. 

Lahee, M. R., 74, 176. 

Laird's Syke, 146. 

Lakes, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 87, 105. 

Lambarde, W. , 53. 

Lambton, John George, 14. 

Lamentation, 104. 

Lamplugh Club, 39. 

Lanarkshire Bibliography, 145. 

Lanarkshire Dialect, 133. 

Lancashire Bibliography, 54, 175 ; other 

references, 14, 17, 19, 105, 106. 
Lancashire Famine, 125. 
Lancashire Gypsy liife, 171. 
Lancashire Kesmus Singin, 75. 
Lancashire Lad, 67, 80. 
Lancashire Lakes, 31, 34. 
Lancashire Laughs, 8.'^. 
Lancashire Lovers, 57. 
Lancashire Reciter, 131. 
Lancashire Weaver Lad, 59. 
Lancashire Witch, 71, 81. 
Lancashire Witches, 55, 70. 
Lander, James, 143. 
Landscape, 117. 
Laneham, Robert, 104. 
Langdale Dialect, 104, 113. 
Langstrothdale Dialect, 110. 
Lankester, E., 11, 123. 
Lankishire Loominary, 83. 
Lanthome and Candlelight, 158. 
Lark, 157. 

Larwood, Joshua, 92. 
Last of the Lairds, 141. 
Latham, R. G., 11, 17, 19, 75. 
Latin Dictionary, 3, 5. 
Latter-day Saint, 125. 
Lavengro, 171. 
Lawrie, Todd, 141. 
Lawson, William, iv, 136, 
Laycock, Samuel, 75. 
Layrock of Langleyside, 59. 
Leader, R. E., 130, 13L 
Leaderside Legends, 141. 
Leake Dialect, 90. 
Learning to Sing, 68. 
Leatherhead Tea, 70. 
Lebby Beck Dobby, 77. 
Leben in London, 164. 
Lee, Rev. R. J., 99. 
Lees, Joseph, 72. 

Leeds Dialect, 11, 110, 112, 116, 122, 123. 
Leeds Loiner, 124. 
Legend of Montrose, 149. 
Legendary Fictions, 155. 
Leicestershire Bibliography, 89. 



192 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A.l. 



Leigh, Colonel Egerton, 19, 173. 

Leighton, A., 153. 

Leisure Hour, 170. 

Leland, Charles G., 169, 171, 172. 

Lemon, Eev. G. W., 9. 

Letter from Dublin, 41. 

Letter wrote by a Young Shepherd, 35. 

Level, Lubin, 96. 

Lever, Charles, 155. 

Leverton Dialect, 90. 

Levins, P., 4. 

Lewis, David, 112, 117. 

Lewis, Sir C C, 53. 

Lewis, Rev. John, 53. 

Lexicon Balatronicum, 161, 163. 

Leyland, F. A., 126. 

Leyden, John, 137, 147. 

Liddle, William, 143. 

Life's Painter, 161. 

Life in London, 163. 

Life in St. George's Fields, 162. 

Lift on the Way, 87. 

Lincoln Pocket Guide, 91. 

Lincolnshire Bibliography, 90, 176 ; 

other references, 6, 51. 
Lingua Britannica Reformata, 8. 
Links of Forth, 153. 
Linton, E. Lynn, 41. 
Lintoun Green, 149. 
Lister, Thomas, 127, 128. 
Literary Antiquarian, 106. 
Literary Hours, 143. 
Literary Manual, 137. 
Little Bit of Boath Sides, 75. 
Little Dick, 76. 
Littledale, H. A., 121. 
Living Age, 170. 
Living Picture of London, 163. 
Liz, 176. 

'Lizibeth Jane s Courtship, 23. 
Lizzie Lorton of Greyrigg, 41. 
Load fro' off mi Mind is Ta'en, 76. 
Local Expressions, 17. 
Locher Moss Dialect, 135. 
Lochore, Robert, 145. 
Lock, Peter, 45. 
Lockhart, J. G., 140. 
London Dialect, 91, 163. 
London Director's Report, 26. 
London Labour, 164. 
Longmuir, John, 13, 137, 139. 
Lonsdale, Henry, 33. 
Lonsdale, Mark, 41, 105. 
Lonsdale Dialect, 16, 79. 
Lonsdale Magazine, 60, 107. 
Longworth, D., 76. 
Looker-on, 39. 
Lorna Doone, 174. 
Lome (Marquis of), 154. 
Lost on the Moor, 74. 
Lousley, Job, 18. 
Love in Cumberland, 41. 
Love versus Money, 84. 
Lover of Good English, 8. 



Lover, Samuel, 155. 

Lowell, John Russell, 166, 169. 

Lower, M. A., 103. 

Lower, Richard, 102, 103. 

Lowestoft Dialect, 51, 91, 92. 

Lowland Scotch Dialect, 89, 134, 138, 

149. 
Lowndes, W. T., 157. 
Lubbers Afloat, 87. 
Lubin Level, 96. 
Lucas, Samuel, 174. 
Luck of Roaring Camp, 170. 
Ludlow Postman, 99. 
Lund's -, 128. 
Luther, Martin, 164. 
Lye, Edward, 8. 
Lyme, 99. 

Lysons, Rev. S., 52. 
Lyttleton (Bishop), 25. 

M. G., 117. 
M. R. B., 52. 
M. R. L., 75. 

Mabel Heron, 91. 

Macadam, Robert, 155. 

Macaulay, Rev. A., 90. 

M'Conechy, James, 145. 

M'Coul, Barney, 163. 

Macdonald, George, 144. 

Macdonald, Hugh, 145. 

Macdonald, W. B., 153. 

Mackay, Charles, 154. 

MacNaught, Rev. James, 146. 

Macneill, Hector, 142. 

Mactaggart, John, 144. 

Madden, SirF., 2, 11, 12, 17, 32, 52, 89. 

Magistrate's Assistant, 164. 

Maidment, James, 154. 

Maistur o't Haase, 125. 

Mally an Jonas, 75. 

Mally Cass's Savings Bank, 176. 

Man and Wife, 84. 

Manchester Gazette, 85. 

Manchester Guardian, 76. 

Manchester Literary Club, 89, 171, 176. 

Manchester Man, 176. 

Manchester Mercury, 74. 

Manchistur Mekaniks Hinstitushon, 81. 

Mander, James, 43. 

Manipulus Vocabulorum, 4. 

Manley Dialect, 176. 

Manlove, Edward, 43, 174. 

Manne of Substanc, 123. 

Mansfield Dialect, 98. 

ISIansfield, R. B., 52. 

Mansie Wauch, 148. 

Manson, Rev. Alex., 139. 

Manx Grammar, 132, 

Marcke, L. J., 97. 

Margery Moorpont, 112. 

Margits Comin, 87. 

Market Drayton Glossary, 99. 

Markham, G., 17. 

Marriott, C, 9. 



A.I.] 



INDEX. 



193 



Marsden, W., 104. 
Marshall, Mr., 12,51,91. 
MarshaU, Wm., 117. 
Martin, Benjamin, 8. 
Mary Anne's Experience, 21. 
Mary Barton, 73. 
Mason, George, 9. 
Mason, William Shaw, 155. 
Matthew, St., 47, 149, 150. 
Matty Hickleton's Dream, 76. 
Maunder, Samuel, 0. 
Mawe, J., 43, 174. 
Mayer, Joseph, 176. 
Mayhew, Henry, 164. 
Mayne, John, 142. 
Mayor, Rev. J. E. B., 173. 
Meadows, Thos., 76. 
Meams Dialect, 139. 
Mechanics o' Saturday Neet, 76. 
Medlicott, Mr., 16. 
Mellor, J. W., 61, 76. 
Member of the Savage Club, 85. 
Mendicants, 162. 
Mendicity, 163. 
Meriton Latroon, 158. 
Meriton, George, 117. 
Methodism, 179. 
Mi Gronfather's Bible, 73. 
Michel of Northgate, 54. 
Michel Erancisque, 164. 
Middlesex Bibliography, 91. 
Middleton, Henry, 157. 
Middleton, Thomas, 158. 
Midford, William, 94. 
Midland Dialect, 12, 
Miggs, Molly, 92. 
Miklosich, — , 171. 
Miles, Sibella Elizabeth, 23. 
Miles, W. A., 163. 
Milisho Pappurs, 84, 
Millar, William, 77. 
Milles, Dean, 25. 
Milner, George, 176. 
Milnrow, 88. 

Mineralogia Cornubiensis, 25. 
Mining Dialects, 12, 21, 27, 43, 173, 174. 
Minsheu, J., 5. 

Minstrelsy of the Borders, 152. 
Mirth for Long Evenings, 21. 
Mirth for One and All, 21. 
Missis Caustic, 84. 
Missis Grundy, 76. 
Mitchell, Hugh, 137. 
Moir, David Macbeth, 143. 
Moll Cut -purse, 158. 
Molly Miggs, 92. 
Mon at Mester Grundy's, 76. 
Monastery, 147. 
Moncrieflf, W. T., 163, 164. 
Monson (Lord), 3. 
Montgomerie, Sir Hugh, 147. 
Montgomeryshire Bibliography, 132. 
Monthly Magazine, 17, 27, 44, 46, 51, 
70, 100, 107. 



Moor, Edward, 102. 

Moortown, 74. 

Moore, Thomas, 50. 

Moore, Rev. Thomas, 46. 

Moore, Thomas (the poet), 162. 

More's Notes to Ray, 11. 

Moreman, Wilmot, 45. 

Morgan (Lady), 355. 

Morley Dialect, 123. 

Mornings at Bow Street, 163. 

Morris, E. R., iv, 2. 

Morris, J. P., iv, 2, 54, 77. 

Morris, Rev. Richard, vii, 53, 54, 89. 

Morte Arthure, 89. 

Morton, John, 92. 

Mosley, John Ivon, 173, 177. 

Motherby, Robert, 137. 

Motherwell, W., 133, 145, 147, 153. 

Mudher's Advice to Dick, 119. 

Miiller, Edward, 11. 

Mulgrave (Earl), 156. 

Mullins, Thomas, 77. 

Mun, 177. 

Munby, Arthur J., 179. 

Muncaster Boggle, 42. 

Murdoch, Alex. G., 146. 

Murray, Dr. J. A. H., iv, 2, 134, 138. 

Musaeus Palatinus, 57. 

Museum Chethamiense, 69. 

My Eayther un th' Popshop, 74. 

My Gronfeyther, 75. 

My Mother's Grave, 74, 

My Thought Book, 163. 

Myddle Dialect, 177. 

Mystery of the Disbelief of Thomas, 112 

Nairne, Baroness Caroline, 146, 
Nairne, Edward, 53. 
Nairnshire Bibliography, 146. 
NaU, J. G., 51, 90, 92. 
Nan Bunts, 129. 
Nancy o' Johnny's, 127. 
Nannie's Soliloquy, 125. 
Nares, Robert 13. 
Nathaniel Nettlenase, 116. 
Native of Craven, 122. 
Natterin Nan, 124. 
Neddy and Sally, 90. 
Neddy's Courtship, 68. 
Neet Eo, 87. 

Nelson, Edwin Paul, 143. 
Nelson, Robert, 32. 
Nestleton Magna, 179. 
Netherton, Edwin, 24, 
Netherton, James Resuggan, 24. 
Nevison, William, 118. 
New Amsterdam Dialect, 167. 
New Bath Guide, 100. 
Newcome, Johnny, 80. 
Newton Heath Rhymes, 80. 
Newcastle Songster, 93, 94. 
Newcastle Song Book, 96. 
New Forest Dialect, 52. 
New World of Words, 6. 



194 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A.I. 



New York Dialect, 167. 

Newcastle Burr, 93. 

Newcastle Dialect, 96, 97, 177. 

Newcastle Coronation Songs, 95. 

Newcastle Nightingale, 13. 

Nicol, James, 146. 

Nichols, J. G., 18, 90, 104. 

Nicholson, James, 146, 150. 

Nicolas, Sir Harris, 140. 

Nicolson, Joseph, 29. 

Nicolson, Kev. William, 29. 

Nidderdale Dialect, 111, 116, 122, 179. 

Nightingale, J 51. 

Nimmo, Japhet, 78. 

Nithsdale Song, 142. 

Noake, John, 108. 

Noble Laird of Thornybume, 96. 

Nobuddy knows bud mehsel, 57. 

Noctes Ambrosianae, 149, 

Nodal, John Howard, Bibliography of 
the Dialects of Scotland, 133 ; of Cant 
and Slang, 157 ; of Americanisms 
166 ; of English Gypsy Dialect, 171 
of English Language in India, 172 
of China-English Dialect, 172 ; addi 
tions, chiefly to the English list, 173 
other references, iv, 78, 82, 133, 157, 
176. 

Nonsense and Tomfoolery, 60. 

Nook of North Lancashire, 176. 

Nooth, Charlotte, 155. 

Norbreck, 87. 

Norfolk Bibliography, 51, 91, 176, 

Norman Abbey, 98. 

Norris, Anthony, 92. 

North, Christopher, 149. 

North American Keview, 170. 

North Anglian, 15. 

North Country Angler, 96. 

North Country Chorister, 13. 

North Country Dialect, 14, 114. 

North Lonsdale Magazine, 77. 

North of England Dialect, 17. 

North of Scotland, 153, 154. 

North Shields Songs, 95. 

Northern Dialects, 136. 

Northern Farmer, 90. 

Northern Garlands, 13, 49. 

Northern Minstrel, 94. 

Northamptonshire Bibliography, 92, 

Northumberland Bibliography, 93, 97, 
98, 177. 

Northumberland Garland, 13. 

Northumberland Gentleman and his 
Tenant, 93. 

Northumberland Table Book, 96. 

Northumbrian Dialect, 16, 110. 

Northumbrian Minstrel, 94. 

Norway Tent Life, 171. 

Notes and Sketches, 139. 

Notes and Queries, 17, 78, 102, 170. 

Notes and Queries for Worcestershire. 
108. 

Nottinghamshire Bibliography, 98. 



Nugse Literarise, 123. 
Nursery Rhymes, 15. 
Nursery Rhymes, 15, 149, 
Nuttali, P. Austin, 9. 

Oad Isaac, 118. 

Obliging Husband, 44 

Obsolete English Dictionary, 16. 

Oddlads Feight, 59. 

Ode to the Sun, 76. 

O'Donoghue, Rev. Francis Talbot, 24. 

Ogilvie, John, 10. 

Oh this BoU, 75. 

Old Churchyard, 148. 

Old Cronies, 87. 

Old Family Clock, 84. 

Old Hall Rhymes, 56. 

Old Harry, 116. 

Old Mortality, 149. 

Old Radicals, 59. 

Old Towler, 49. 

Oldbuck, Jonathan, 67. 

Oldham Rambles. 

Oldham Recruit, 78. 

Oliver, Stephen, 93. 

Oliver, William, 95. 

Oliver Banks, 122. 

Oliver Femleaf's Watch, 87. 

Oliver Twist, 91. 

One ut Knows, 67. 

0-per se 0, 158. 

Ormerod, O., 78. 

Orkney Bibliography, 149. 

Orpheus Caledonius, 151. 

Orpheus Caledonius, 151. 

Orthoepical Analysis, 18. 

Orton, J. S., 92. 

Ortus Vocabularum, 3. 

Otley Dialect, 116. 

Oubit, 154. 

Ould Maid's Dream, 127. 

Our Old Chimney Nook, 59, 

Our Little Ted, 90. 

Cutis, 101. 

Over Sands to the Lakes, 87. 

Owd Blackin' Bill, 80. 

Owd Blanket, 87. 

Owd Buzzart, 87. 

Owd Dick, 61. 

Owd Enoch, 87. 

Owd Fogey, 75. 

Owd Isaac Bradshaw, 75. 

Owd Jim's Opinion, 68. 

Owd Johnny Young Oglon, 76 

Owd Linderinbant, 59. 

Owd Lone, 78. 

Owd Mally an John, 77. 

Owd Moxy, 125. 

Owd Ned, 79. 

Owd Binder, 87. 

Owd Playmates, 76. 

Owd Psalm Tune, 125, 

Owd Sammy Twitcher's, 43, 

Owd Scrap's Woife, 74. 



A.l] 



INDEX. 



195 



Owd Twist, 68. 

Owd Wisdom's Almanac, .84. 

Owd Yem un his Five Daughters, 7o. 

Owdham Streets at Dinner Time, 79. 

Owdham uv a Satturday, 73. 

Owen, Eev. Elias, 132. 

Owenites, 130. 

Oxlee, Rev. John, 119. 

Oxon, H., 45. 

Oxfordshire Bibliography, 18, 98, 177. 

Page, John, 61. 

Paisley Weavers, 147. 

Palatine Anthology, 69. 

Palatine Garland, 69. 

Palmer, Mrs , 25. 

Palmer, Prof., 171. 

Palmer, J. P., 46. 

Palsgrave, Jehan, 3, 4. 

Panton, Eev. George A., 89. 

Pardon, William, 8. 

Paris Dialect, 91. 

Paris, J. A., 22, 24. 

Parish, Rev. W. D., 103. 

Parker, George, 160, 161. 

Parker, Mrs., 177. 

Parson and the Pot, 119. 

Parry, — , 131. 

Parr, R., 79. 

Pascoe, Charlotte Champion, 24. 

Paston Letters, 91. 

Patie and Roger, 145. 

Paterson, James, 138. 

Pattern of True Love, 118. 

Patterson, David, 155. 

Paterson, W. H., Bibliography of the 

Dialects of Ireland, 155. 
Pay your own Debts, 84. 
Payin' th' Rent, 68. 
P. E., 6. 

Peacock, E., 90, 91, 176. 
Peacock, R. B., 16, 179. 
Peasantry Songs, 15, 20, 115. 
Pedlars, French, 157, 158. 
Peeblesshire Bibliography, 146. 
Peep at Daisy Nook, 76. 
Pegge, Samuel, 12, 44, 53, 91, 175. 
Peggy's Myll, 149. 
Pelegromius, S., 5. 
Peltinge Speche, 157. 
Pembrokeshire Dialect, 132. 
Pen Folk, 147. 
Pengersick Castle, 22. 
Penrith Dialect, 34. 
Penruddocke, Mrs., 178. 
Pentowan, 21. 
Pentreath, Dolly, 27. 
Penwarne, John, 24. 
Percy Society, 54. 
Percy uall, R., 4. 
Perran Ch8rrybeam,.25, 26. 
Perry, George G., 89. 
Perry, William, 91, 162. 
Perthshire Bibliography, 146. 



Peyton, J., 9. 

Phases of Distress, 80. 

Philological Essays, 16. 

Phillips, Edward, 6. 

Phillipps, J. O. H., see Halliwell, J. O. 

Phillipps, Rev. John, 46. 

Phillipps, Sir Thomas, 177. 

Phizackerley, James, 79, 82. 

Physician, 24. 

Picken, Andrew, 147. 

Picken, Ebenezer, 146, 147. 

Pickering, John, 168. 

Pickings from my Portfolio, 21. 

Pickinpeg, Peter, 129. 

Picton, J. A., 79, 156. 

Pickwick, 91. 

Pidgin English Sing Song, 172. 

Pills to Cure Melancholy, 100. 

Pindar, Peter, 45. 

Piper, Rev. H. H., 129. 

Piscator, 47. 

Pit Slang, 163. 

Pitman, Isaac, 81. 

Pitman's Pay, 96. 

Pixy-led, 174. 

Place Names, 155. 

Plain Address, 104. 

Plain Truth and Blind Ignorance, 100. 

Plebeian Politics, 85. 

Plvmouth, 44. 

Pocket Books, 112. 

Pocket Dictionary, 8 

Pocket Songster, 153. 

Poetical Letters, 47. 

Poetry of Provincialisms, 16. 

Poetry of Witchcraft, 70. 

Poll Blossom, 125. 

Policeman X, 91. 

Pollitt, Robert, 82. 

Polly's Gaor, 127. 

Polperra Dialect, 20. 

Polwhele, Rev. R., 22, 24, 45, 46. 

Poole, Jacob, 156. 

Poor Rabbin, 156. 

Poor Snap, 94. 

Poor Wey ver, 124. 

Poor Wurken Man, 108. 

Popular Rhymes, 141, 149. 

Porson, A., 108. 

Porter, Noah, 10. 

Portuguese Dictionary, 5. 

Portuguese Slang, 164. 

Potter, H. Tristram, 161. 

Poverty, 113. 

Poverty, Mendicity, and Crime, 163, 

Powley, Mary, 42. 

Powys Land Club, 132. 

Praise of Yorkshire Ale, 117. 

Prayin Jemmy, 75. 

Precursor, 81. 

Preston, Benjamin, 124, 125. 

Preston Egg«ibishun, 68, 

Price, Thomas, 161. 

Prince of Wales Almanack, 131. 



196 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A. 1. 



Prior, Robert, 107. 

Promptorium Parvulorum, 3, 92. 

Proctor, R. W., 79, 86. 

Prologue, 80. 

Prophecies, 97. 

Proverbial Philosophy of Scotland, 154. 

Proverbs, 13, 15, 92,' 97, 114, 117, 141, 

151, 153, 154, 159, 168, 175. 
Proverbs of Scotland, 154. 
Provincial Glossaries, 17. 
Provincial Glossary, 12, 17, 161. 
Provincialisms, 14, 15. 
Provost, 141. 
Pryce, William, 25, 
Psalms in Scottish verse, 150. 
Pudsey Almanac, 126. 
Pugilism, 162. 
Pulman, George, 47. 
Pulman, G. P. R., 101. 
Putron, Rev. P. de, 103. 

Qaack Doctor, 75. 

Quacks, 164. 

Quality Row, 75. 

Quaritch, B., 157. 

Quarles, Quintus, 179. 

Quarterly Review, 14, 107, 115. 

Queen's Washing Day, 26. 

Queen Anna's World of Words, 5. 

Queer Supper, 68. 

Queerum Queery, A.S.S., 76. 

Quintus Quarles, 179. 

Quite Dicky, 68. 

R. B., 90. 

Rabin Hill, 49. 

Race, 113. 

Races of Lancashire, 67. 

Rachde Felley, 7S. 

Rachel, put thi bonnet on, 80. 

Kaine, James,' 50, 107. 

Rainbird, William and Hugh, 177. 

Eambles in Owdham, 80. 

Kamsay, Allan, 133, 138, 145, 153, 157. 

Ramsay, Dean, 151, 154. 

Ramsay, Philip A., 147. 

Ramsbottom, J., 80. 

Bandall, Jack, 162, 163. 

Rara Avis in Terris, 12, 174. 

Kavenscroft's Melisamata, 53. 

Rawcliffe, R.,80. 

Ray, John, 11, 29, 90, 116, 122, 123, 152, 

173. 
Kayner, Simeon, 126. 
Rays fro' th' Loominary, 84. 
Rayson, John, 105. 
Reasoner, 175. 
Reay Family, 29. 
Red Windows Hall, 59. 
Redgauntlet, 149. 
Redding, Cyrus, 22. 
Reed Joseph, 112. 
Reeth Bartle Fair, 122. * 
Register Office, 111, 112, 118. 



Regulator, 159. 

Reid, Alexander, 9. 

Reid, H. G., 139. 

Reliquary, 43. 

Relph, Josiah, 31, 32, 105. 

Renfrewshire Bibliography, 146. 

Respectable Mon, 75. 

Reynolds, Sir Joshua, 46. 

Reysh Beearin, 106. 

Rhvme and Reason, 145. 

Rhymes, 15, 149. 

Rhymes of Northern Bards, 94. 

Rhymers Family, 144. 

Rhyming Slang, 165. 

Rhythms, English, 14. 

Ribblesdale, 73. 

Richard and Betty, 111, 113, 118. 

Richardson, Charles, 10. 

Richardson, George, 80. 

Richardson, .John, 42. 

Richardson, M. A., 96. 

Richardson, Rev. John, 106. 

Richardson, Mx's., 142. 

Richardson, R. G., 175. 

Riches, 113. 

Richmond, 111. 

Riddell, Henry Scott, 148, 150. 

Riders, William, 9. 

Ridings, Elijah, 65, 80. 

Ridley, Geo., 98. 

Ring Dictionary, 163. 

Ripley, George, 169. 

Ripon, Bellman, 118. 

Ripon Dialect, 120. 

Ritson, Isaac, 35, 41. 105. 

Ritson, Joeph, 13, 49, 50, 93, 152. 

Rivals, 84. 

Roaring Girl, 158 

Rob Roy, 149. 

Robert of Brunne, 90. 

Roberts, John, 145. 

Roberts, Mary, 81. 

Robin Hood, 115. 

Robin o' Dick's, 176. 

Robinson, C. Clough, Bibliography of 

Yorkshire, 109 ; other references, 2, 

108, 114, 116, 122, 123, 179. 
Robinson, F. K., 120, 178. 
Robinson, Joseph Barlow, 43. 
Robinson Cruso, Jun. , 75. 
Robson, H., 94. 
Robson, John, 89. 
Robson, J. P., 96, 97, 150, 177. 
Rodd, Thomas, 17. 
Roger and Bet, 46. 
Rogers, C, 129. 
Rogers, Rev. Charles, 146, 154. 
Rogerson, John Bolton, 80. 
Rokebye Sewe, 111. 
Rolls, Lord, 45. 
RoUe, Robert, UO. 
Romances of Cornwall, 23. 
Romano Lavolil, 171. 
Romany Rye, 171. 



A. 1. 



INDEX. 



197 



Rooke, IL, 98. 

Roots, Dr., 15. 

Ropsley Dialect, 90. 

Ross, Alexander, 139. 

Ross, r., 120, 179. 

Ross, H. C, 97. 

Rossendel Beef Neet, 68. 

Rossendal Witch, 68. 

Roxburgh Club, 90. 

Roxburghshire Bibliography, 147. 

Royal Progress to Maidstone, 45. 

Rozzy Trenoodle, 22. 

Rozzy Paul, 25, 26. 

Ruddiman, T., 136. 

Ruickbie, James, 147. 

Rural Economy, 12, 51, 115, 117. 

Rushworth Glosses, 110. 

Russian Slang, 164. 

Rustic Bard, 148. 

Rustic Sketches, 47, 101. 

Rustic Wreath, 128. 

Ruth. 

Ruthwell Runes, 110. 

Sacred Drawer, 125. 

St. Agnes' Bear Hunt, 25, 26. 

St. Andrews' Dialect, 144. 

St. Knighton's Kieve, 24. 

Salesbury, W. , 4. 

Sail o' Betty's, 55. 

Sallay Abbey, 110. 

Salopia A ntiqua, 99. 

Salopian Shreds and Patches, 99. 

Sam o' Nathan's, 74. 

Sam Sondknocker's Ride, 81. 

Sanderson, Thomas, 37. 

Sandwich Dialect, 53. 

Sandys, E., 53. 

Sandys, William, 25, 173. 

Saxon Tongue, 91. 

Scandinavian Influence, SO. 

Scarborough Dialect, 179. 

Scarsdale, 73. 

Scatcherd, N. C, 123. 

Scenes of Infancy, 147. 

Scheie de Vere, 169 

Scholes' Dialect, 112. 

School Candidates, 61, 175. 

Scribner's Monthly Magazine, 176. 

Scoggin's Jests, 99. 

Scotch Haggis, 153. 

Scotland Linguistic Map, 138. 

Scotland's Skaith, 142, 153. 

Scot's Language, 136. 

Scot's Nightingale, 152. 

Scots' Origin, 138. 

Scott, Andrew, 147. 

Scott, Joseph Nicol, 8. 

Scott, Sir AValter, 137, 138, 140, 149, 

152. 
Scotticisms, 136, 137, 138. 
Scottish Dialects Bibliography, 36, 133, 

136. 
Scottish Gallovidian Encyclopsedia, 144. 



Scottish Language, 13. 

Scottish Music, 136. 

Scottish Pedlar, 122. 

Scoundrel's Dictionary, 159, 160. 

Scouring of the Whit-e Horse, 18. 

Sea Words, 102. 

Sea on Fire, 26. 

Seager, John, 10. 

Sedgwick, Adam, 121. 

Selkirkshire Bibliography, 148. 

Sermons, Old Kentish, 54. 

Settle Caves, 121. 

Seward, Wm., 121. 

Sexton's Story, 87. 

Shadwell, Thomas, 70, 81. 

Shakespere, W., 13, 104, 1.57. 

Shakspere and Cornish Dialect, 173. 

Shakspere Treasury, 169. 

Sharp's Warwickshire Glossary, 178. 

Sharp, Sir C, 50. 

Sharp, Jeremy, 160. 

Shaw, A. W., 170. 

Shaw, H. O., 80. 

Sheep Rocking, 81. 

Sheffield Dialect, 129. 

Shelly, John, Bibliography of Devon- 
shire, 44 ; other references, 2, 47. 

Shenstone, William, 145. 

Shepherd's Calendar, 93. 

Shepherd from Thornton, 121. 

Shepherd, Jack, 160. 

Sheppard, John, 160. 

Sheridan, Thomas, 9. 

Sherwood, Adiel, 168. 

Sherwood, R., 5. 

Shetland Bibliography, 149. 

Shetland Dialect, 17. 

Shevvild Chap, 130. 

Shevvilder, 130. 

Shield, J., 94. 

Shields Song Book, 49, 

Shifting Scenes, 56. 

Shilling Magazine, 174. 

Shirley, John, 159. 

Shirrefs, Andrew, 339. 

Shoddygull, Timothy, 126, 

Shoreham, William of, 54. 

Short Timer, 125. 

Shorter, R., 177. 

Shropshire Bibliography, 99, 177. 

Shurat Weyver, 57. 

Shuttle Billy, 79. 

Siege o' Brouton, 77. 

Silas Marner, Dialect of, viii. 

Sillar, David, 140. 

Siller Gun, 142. 

Silk Weaver's Fust Bearin Whoam, 69. 

Sinclair, John, M.P,, 136. 

Singin Will, 74, 

Sir Amadace, 89. 

Sir Andrew Wylie, 141, 

Sir Gawayne, 89. 

Skeat, Rev. W.W., Bibliography of Eng- 
lish Dictionaries, 3, of general books on 



198 



BIBLIOGRAPHICAL LIST. 



[A. 1. 



Dialects, 11, of Bedfordshire, Berk- 
shire, Buckinghamshire, Cheshire 18, 
Derbyshire 48, Durham 49, East 
Anglia 50, Essex 51, Gloucestershire 
51, Hampshire 52, Herefordshire 53, 
Kent 53, Leicestershire 89, Lincohi- 
shire 90, Middlesex 91, Norfolk 91, 
Northamptonshire 92, Northumber- 
land 93, Nottinghamshire 98, Oxford- 
shire 98, Shropshire 99, Somersetshire 
99, Staffordshire 101, Suffolk 101, 
Surrey 102, Sussex 102, Warwickshire 
104, Wiltshire 108, Worcestershire 
108, Wales 132, Isle of Man 132 ; other 
references, iv, viii, 2, 52, 76, 90, 136, 
173, 174, 175. 

Sketches of Village Life, 82. 

Skinner, Eev. John, 139. 

Skinner, Stephan, 6. 

Skirbeck Dialect, 90. 

Skirving, Adam, 144. 

Slaadburn Faar, 121. 

Slang Bibliography, 157, 169. 

Slang Dictionary, 164. 

Slick, Sam, 166, 169. 

Slogans, 97. 

Slow, Edward, 178. 

Slyman, Sammy, 128. 

Smart, B. H., 9, 

Smiles, Samuel, 141. 

Smith, Alexander, 140. 

Smith, Alexander, 159. 

Smith Hubert, 171. 

Smith, James, 143. 

Smith, John G-., 148. 

Smith, John EusselJ, 2, 15, 43. 4-3, 98, 
104, 131. 

Smith, J. T., 162. 

Smith, Robert Howie, 142. 

Smith, Saba, 166. 

Smitheram, Theodosius, 2;>. 

Smythe, Clement T., 53. 

Snaith Marsh, 111. 

Sneck Bant, 87. 

Snowden, — , 164. 

Snowed-up, 87. 

Soldier's Thoughts, 146. 

Solomon's Song, 24, 39, 48, 50, 79, 82, 
92, 97, 101, 103, 106, 108, 116, 120, 
121, 129, 131, 150. 

Somersetshire Bibliography, 99, 177. 

Somersetshire Dialect, 14, 17, 18, 46. 

Somner, W., 53. 

Song and Satire, 145. 

Songs, Gypsy, 171. 

Songs of the liowlands of Scotland, 152. 

Songs of the Peasantry, 15. 

Southern Coast, 16. 

Southern Literary Messenger, 170. 

Southey, Robert, 106, 107. 

Southwold, 101. 

Spain, Gypsies of, 17 L 

Spanish Dictionary, 5. 

Spanish Slang, 1G4. 



Sparrow, J. , 8. 

Spelmaij, Sir H., 160. 

Spenser Edward, 9, 82, 88. 

Sphinx, 82. 

Spicy Man, 125. 

Splinters struck off Winskill Rock, 121, 

Sportman's Slang, 163. 

Sporting Party, 75 

Springtide, 108. 

Spurdens, Rev. W. T., 50. 

Spurrell, Mr., 132. 

Spurring, 17. 

Squire's Tame Conger, 26. 

Stable Economy, 163. 

Stackhouse, Rev. Jonathan, 25. 

Staffordshire Bibliography, 101, 177, 

Staffordshire Dialect, viii, 53. 

Stagg, John, 35, 36, 105. 

Stand up Lads, 125. 

Standing, James, 82. 

Stang, 12. 

Starke, James, 138. 

Staton, James Taylor, 83, 84. 

Staton, W.,8.5. 

Staunton, Alfred, 56. 

Stead, R., 120. 

Stead, T., 1^9. 

Steamboat, 141. 

Stearns, C. W., 169. 

Steel, Andrew, 141. 

Stephenson, Thos., 85. 

Sternberg, Thos., 93. 

Stevenson, Joseph, 13. 

Stirling Maxwell, Sir W., 154. 

Stock Exchange Terms, 165. 

Stones from the Gravel Hole, 60. 

Storie.s and Rhymes, 77. 

Stormonth, J., 9. 

Stothard, Mrs., 47. 

Stratmann, F. H., 11. 

Stray Leaves, 103. 

Strong, James, 99. 

Stuart, George, 93. 

Stuart Ballads, 152. 

Stump Pye, 17. 

Suffolk Bibliography, 101, 177. 

Suffolk Coast Words, 102. 

Suffolk District, 51. 

Suffolk Garland, 102. 

Suffolk Songster, 101. 

Sullivan, J., 30. 

Sullivan, Robert, 9. 

Sunsy Friend, 162. 

Superstitions, 23. 

Surman, Dr., 159. 

Surrey Bibliography, 102, 178. 

Sussex Bibliography, 102. 

Sussex Dialect, 15. 

Sussex Garland, 103. 

Sutherland, R. P., 97. 

Sutton, C. W., 136. 

Swainson, Rev. C, 16. 

Swaledale Dialect, 122. 

Swashland Olmenac, 126. 



A. 1.] 



INDEX. 



199 



Sweeper and Thieves, 11 7. 
•Sweetheart Gate, 87. 
Swemming Grendirigstone, 26. 
Sykes, John, 96. 
Synonymorum Sylva, 5. 
Syren, 151. 

T. R. v., 94. 

Tablebook, 14. 
Tadcaster Dialect, 116. 
Tail for Joe, 39. 
Tailor and the Ghost, 122. 
Takin' th' Doctor a Subject, 68. 
Takin' th' New Year in, 68. 
Tale of the Oysters, 21. 
Tales, Nursery, 15. 
Talesof the Borders, 353. 
Tamar Borders, 47. 
Tammas Bodkin, 143. 
Tannahill, Robert, 147. 
Tapping, Thomas, 43, 174. 
Taschen-Worterbuch, 137. 
TattHn' Matty, 88. 
Tavy Borders, 47. 
Tay Dialect, ] 35. 
Tay an' Rum Ditty, 57. 
Taylor, James, 103. 
Taylor, Joseph, 13. 
Tear Sheddin, 68. 
Teatable Miscellany, 151. 
Teenan, Joseph, 145. 
Teesdale Dialect, fiO. 
Teigh, Timothy, 173. 
Telfor, James, 147. 
Temperance, 130, 131. 
Temple Bar, 115. 
Tenison (Archbishop), 91. 
Tennyson, Alfred, 90. 
Tent Life in Norway, 171. 
Terence 90. 

Terrible' Knitters e Dent, 104, 106. 
Testamenta Eboracensia, 115. 
Teviotdale Dialect, 135, 149. 
Thackeray, W. M., 91. 
Thanet Dialect, 53. 
That Lass o' Lowrie's, 176. 
Thee an' Me, 75. 
Thieves' Dictionary, 159. 
Thisne, 176. 
Thorn, Robert W., 46. 
Thorn, William, 139. 
Thomas, J., 163., 
Thoms, W. J., 160. 
Thompson, James, 148. 
Thompson, J., 34. 
Thompson, Miss, 120. 
Thompson, Pishey, 90. 
Thompson, T., 94. 
Thomson, James, 142 
Thomson, John, 10. 
Thomson, William, 151. 
Thoose Days that are Gone, 74. 
Thomer Dialect, 112. 
Thoresby, Rev. J., 173. 



Thoresby, Ralph, 11, 123, 130, 173. 

Thornton Force, 121. 

Thornton MS., 110. 

Thornton, Robert, 98. 

Three Graces, 84. 

Throsby, John, 98. 

Thrums from the Spindle, 78 

Tickle Times, 86. 

Tide Table, 57 

Tim Bobbin, 19, 60, 88. 

Tim Bobbin's Adventure, 75. 

Tim Bobbin the Second, 85. 

Tim Digwell, 178. 

Tim Gam wattle, 81. 

Timothy Gaukroger, 120. 

Timothy Shoddygull, 126. 

Tin-mines Dialect, 25. 

Tiptree Fair, 51. 

Titus Teague, 26. 

Todd, H. J., 10, 11. 

Todd, William, 116. 

Toddles, Tommy, 124. 

Tom and Jerry, 163. 

Tom Cladpole's Jurney to Lunnun. 102. 

Tom Crib, 162. 

Tom Thomas and Bill Bilkey, 23. 

Tom Treddlehoyle, 129. 

Tomlinson, Mr., 29. 

Tommy's Annual, 124. 

Tommy o' Dan's, 76. 

Tommy the Bobbin Carrier, 55. 

Tommy Toddles, 124. 

Toone, William, 14, 117. 

Tooth Drawin', 68. 

Tour to the Caves, 121. 

Tourist, 42. 

Tovey's Tap, 18. 

Towneley Mysteries, 110. 

Townley, R., 63. 

Traddlepin Fold, 60. 

Traditions of Cornwall, 20. 

Traditions of Devonshire, 47. 

Tranent Muir, 144. 

Treddlehoyle, Tom, 129. 

Tregeagle of Dozmary, 24. 

Tregellas, John Tabo'is, 25. 

Tregellas, Mr., 23. 

Tremuan, 25, 26. 

Trenhaile, John, 22, 27. 

Trenoodle, Uncle Jan, 27. 

Trinity, Poem on, 112. 

Triumph of Wit, 159, 160. 

Troy Book, 89. 

Tuckey, Janet, 171. 

Tufts of Heather, 88. 

Tullochgorum, 139. 

Turn Rindle, 87. 

Turf Dictionary, 163. 

Tusser, Thomas, 51. 

Twain, Mark, 170. 

Twea Threshers, 11^. 

Tweddell, George Markham, 119. 

Tweddell, Mrs. G. M., 120. 

Tweed Dialect, 135. 



200 



BIBLIOGKAPHICAL LIST. 



[A. 1. 



Twistleton Tom, 121. 

Two Angels, 142. 

Two Countrey Felleys, 85. 

Tymms, S., 51, 102. 

Tyne Dialect, 94, 

Tyneside Minstrel, 93, 95. 

Tyneside Songs, 96, 98. 

Tytler, William, of Woodhouselee, 136. 

Ulster Bibliography, 155. 
Ulster Journal, 155. 
Ulverston Tide Table, 57. 
Uncle Ben, 125. 
Uncle Dick's Advoice, 76. 
Uncle Jan Trenoodle, 27. 
Uncle Owdem, 61, 77. 
Uncle Will's Story, 21. 
Under a Lancashii-e Hedge, 85. 
Union, 151. 
Unioneers, 48. 
Universal Character, 18. 
Unked, 177. 
Unton Inventories, 18. 
Upgetting, 96. 
Upshot, 41. 

V. T. R., 94. 

Vacabondes Fraternity e, 157. 

Vagabonds, 157, 162, 164. 

Vaux, Count de, 162. 

Vere, Scheie, 169. 

Verrall, Georgina, 27. 

Veterinary Dictionary, 13. 

View of Society, 160. 

Village Blacksmith, 123. 

Village Festival, 80. 

Village Literature, 177. 

Village Parson, 74. 

Village Pedlar, 75. 

Vniage Schoolmaster, 92. 

Villainies Discovered, 158. 

Viles, E., 157. 

Virgil in Scottish verse, 136. 

Virginia Dialect, 167. 

Visit to th' Greight Parris Eggshibishun, 

84. 
Vocabularies, 16. 
Vulgaria, 4. 
Vulgarisms, 52, 137, 163, 164, 169. 

W Al. 105 

Wkddell, Eev. P. H., 137, 141, 150. 

Waddilove, Dean, 120. 

Wadley Inventories, 18. 

Wadsley, Jack, 131, 

Wadyngton, William, 90. 

Waes o' War, 142, 153. 

Wakefield Dialect, 111, 124. 

Walcott, M. A. C, 29, 30. 

Wales, Wild, 171. 

Walker, J., 9. 

Walker, John, 85. 

Walker, John, 142. 

Walker, Robert, 54, 85. 



Walmsley Fowt Flood, 60. 

Walsh, William, 86. 

Wan and Aell, 24. 

Wandering Minstrels, 88. 

Wang-ti, 172. 

Warwickshire Bibliography, 103, 178. 

Warwickshire Dialect, viii. 

Warblings of a Caged Bird, 143. 

Warburton, E. E. E., 19, 86. 

Ward, Artemus, 170. 

Waring, Edmond, 101. 

Warner's Hampshire Glossary, 52. 

Warrikin Fair, 69. 

Warton, Thomas, 50. 

Washburn, 127. 

Watson, James, 150. 

Watson Rev. John, 126, 130. 

Watson, Joseph Yelloly, 27. 

Watson, Thomas, 144. 

Watter Cure Establishment, 44. 

Wattles, Willie, 42. 

Watty and Meg, 146. 

Waugh, Edwin, 19, 54, 6Q, 82, 86. 

Waverley, 149. 

Way, Albert, 92. 

Wayside Musings, 149. 

Weald Songs, 102. 

Weardale Dialect, 50. 

Weather Folk-lore, 15, 16, 149. 

Webster, Noah, 10, 168. 

Wedgwood, H.,n. 

Wee Tibbie's Garland, 146. 

Welcome, Bonny Brid, 75. 

Welsh Dictionary, 4, 5, 21. 

Welton Dialect, 120. 

Werburg, Saint, 19. 

Wesley, Rev. John, 8. 

West, Thomas, 32. 

West Cornubian, 20. 

West County Dialect, 17, 99. 

West of England Dialect, 46, 101. 

Westmorland Assizes, 106. 

Westmorland Bibliography, 104. 

Westmorland Dialect, 29, 30, 60, 

Westmorland Lakes, 34. 

Wexford Bibliography, 156. 

Weyver's Death, 124. 

Wharfdale Dialect, 122. 

Wliat ails thee, my son Robin, 86. 

What's up wi thee. Turn, 76. 

What's to be Done, 85. 

Wheatley, Henry B., Bibliography of 
English Dictionaries, 3; other refe- 
rences, 2, 4, 93. 

Wheatley, J. A., 42. 

Wheeler's Hampshire, Glossary, 52. 

Wheeler, Ann, 104. 

Wheelswarf Chronicle, 130. 

While takin a Whift o' my Pipe, 87. 

Whinbush, John, 178. 

Whistle-Binkie, 153. 

Whitaker, Rev. John, 176. 

Whitby Dialect, 120, 178. 

White Ghost, 119. 



A. 1.] 



INDEX. 



201 



White, John, 13, 48. 

AVhite, Robert, iv., 2. 198. ' 

White, Walter, 51,97. 

Whitehaven PoUbook, 41. 

Whitehead Anthony, 106. 

Whitelaw, A., 153. 

Whitelock, Rev. W., 41. 

White, Walter, 9. 

Wholesale Kessunin' Dooment, 76. 

Whyte, Robert, 148. 

Wife Hunters, 84. 

Wigan, Dialect, 176. 

Wiggles the Wiseacre, 84. 

Wigton Advertiser, 41. 

Wigtown Bibliography, 144. 

Wilbraham, Roger, 18, 88. 

Wilbur Homer, 169. 

Wild, Jonathan, 159, 160. 

Wilde, Lady, 156. 

Wilkinson, Thomas, 105. 

Wilkinson, T. T., 70, 76, 82, 88. 

Willan, Robert, 120. 

Williams, T. S., 9. 

Williams, W. P., 101. 

Williamson, Rev. Dr., 15. 

Willie's Grave, 87. 

WUlis's Current Notes, 99. 

Wills, 115. 

Wilmot Moreman, 45. 

Wilson, Alexander, 80, 146. 

Wilson, Miss C. E., 177. 

Wilson, Professor John, 149, 163. 

Wilson, James Grant, 154. 

Wilson, John Mackay, 138, 153. 

Wilson, M., 80. 

Wilson, M. T. and A., 54, 88. 

Wilson, Robert, 143. 

Wilson, Thomas, 96. 

Wiltshire Bibliography, 107, 178. 

Wilton Abbey, 107 

Wiltshire Dialect, 17. 

Winchester College Dialect, 52. 

Windermere, 128. 

Wise, John R., 52, 104. 

Wise Wifif, 40. 

Withals, J., 4. 

Witch Story, 47. 

Witherspoon, John, 168. 

Wizard of West Penwith, 22. 

W. W.,159. 

Wed con a Weyver do ? 57. 



Woker, Tommy, 106. 
Walcot, Dr., 45. 
Wonder, 113. 
Wooden Horse, 19. 
Woodhouselee (Lord), 145. 
Woodward, S., 92. 
Worcester, Joseph E. , 10. 
Worcestershire Bibliography, 108. 
Wordsworth, Rev. Christopher, iv, 2, 

112. 
Wordsworth, W., 140. 
Worfat, William de, 104. 
Worth, R. N., 44, 48. 
Wounded Miner, 26. 
Wrangle Dialect, 90. 
Wray, Rev. John Jackson, 179. 
Wrekin, 99. 
Wright, Mr., 119. 

Wright, Thomas, 3, 13, 16, 54, 114, 163. 
Wright, W., 127, 128. 
Wright, W. Aldis, iv, 2, 3, 54. 
Wroe, W. H., 88. 
Wynkyn de Worde, 3. 
Wythburn Dialect, 104. 

Yance a Year, 42. 

Yankee Dialect, 166. 

Yarmouth Dialect, 51, 91, 92. 

Yearbook, 14. 

Yellond o' th' Nook, 69. 

Yesterneet, 87. 

Yeth Bobs, 88. 

Yewdale's Betty, 104, 106. 

Yewdale, Sarah, 42. 

Yewud Chap's Trip, 89. 

York Minster, 117, 179. 

Yorke for my Money, 118. 

Yorkshire Bibliography, 178. 

Yorkshire Comet, 116. 

Yorkshire Dialect, 17, 105, 106, 115. 

Yorkshire Garland, 13, 118. 

Yorkshire Horse Dealers, 113. 

Yorkshire Likenass Takker, 124. 

Yorkshire Magazine, 125. 

Yorkshire Tike, 111 113. 

Yorde'sCave, 121. 

Young, Robert, 49. 

Yule Clog, 130. 

Zincali, 171. 
Zummerzet, 100. 



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2015 A bibliographical list 

D5S5A of the works that have been 

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