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Bit)Uott)eca 9lmettcaita ^etujsttcifiitina 






1492 and I 55 I 

Om dait mmoir cttu cpm/idtration mi cJk$ix des 

\LiureSf dt regarder pih font /esfremiers fui 
gyent eJU compofeTifur U wuitiere de laqmtUe 
\ils trmiQent^ psrce fm*il ejl de la d»ffrint des 
kommes cowme de rean, fui iCefi iammi flu% 
\ htUe^ plut elmire & plus mtte ^*^ fafmrce. 

G. NAUDi, Advil poTT dreflTer vne 
; Bibliotheqve ; pp. 48-49. 

Geo. p. Philes, Publisher 


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AfiTOR. LEN^:: / . 


R Iddl L 

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Samuel L. M. Barlow 

or Nbw Yokk 




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Artes eefiientisr (•njMunt in likris^ frntrum 
ewutuwumta uulta wums fmffkeret tnmrrare. 

R. Di BuKY, Philobiblion, cap. xv. 


HE abnegation practiced by true scholars in every 
branch of knowledge is one of the most interest- 
ing and striking features of the age in which we 
live. With the recognition — daily more and more 
absolute — of thr inter-dependence of the sciences, 
this abnegation has come to be the test of scholastic worth and 

As Herbert Spencer admirably expresses it, every single fact 
of observation and discovery now has ^^ to be digested by the 
organism of the sciences" ere it can be made available for the 
development of the work to which its special discoverer or 
observer may give the glory and strength of his life. And 
hence we see, and see with a just pride in the intellectual eleva- 
tion of our epoch, the scholars and students of the world practice 
a degree of self-denial hitherto most uncommon, revere a reli- 
gion of science which teaches us that we are all *^ members 
one of another," and cause studies apparently the most dissimilar 
in their scope and objects to converge upon the genesis of a 
general science, not yet perfected, but wherein all scientific ele- 


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i' Introduction, 

ments may one day find their absolute connection, and assume 
a true philosophical character. 

In this praiseworthy communion, it becomes as practicable as 
it is necessary at once to subdivide every field of inquiry, and to 
unite and concentrate all separate eiForts upon investigations of 
a positive kind. Nor less by it is every teacher and student 
strengthened to resist the fatal seduction's of that inner voice which 
is forever lifting itself rebelliously against the limits imposed 
upon human knowledge by human nature, and forever prompting 
hypotheses which really minister only to individual vanity and 
weakness, while they delay the genuine advance of learning. 

To accept and exercise this virtue of our age is, it must be 
confessed, comparatively easy. P'or while every day opens new 
horizons to our gaze, the very basis upon which we strive to 
build our systems and erect our hypotheses is perpetually giving 
way under that incessant accumulation of materials which re- 
sults in every direction of inquiry from the increasingly active 
consensus of all the sciences. Nevertheless, let all fit honor be 
paid to those who practice this virtue, who control the constant 
aspirations of the mind after the unknowable, who select for 
themselves a sphere of modest labor, and who give to the ex- 
haustive investigation of a single class or order of facts all their 
talents, their time and their energy. 

Not, indeed, that we fully share the dazzling hopes enter- 
tained by so many earnest inquirers, especially in that vast field 
of historical studies, one secondary section of which we have 
made it our duty to till, with what results this volume must 
attest. It seems to us, for instance, over-bold to assert that we 
shall ever find in historical facts, when accumulated and ana- 
lyzed, a new latent power adequate to bring forth a science 
which shall unfold the universal force always present, active and 
supreme, in the history of humanity, and shall exhibit, through the 
medium of historical similitudes, a progressive march of mankind 
toward a necessary end — no longer undefined and mysterious. 

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Introduction. iii 

But even if we afe required to abandon the hope of so 
Surpassing a result of our patience and our perseverance, noble 
prizes still remain to be won. A clearer understanding of the 
secret workings of human nature, a juster and a wiser appre- 
ciation of the disparity which exists between our mental powers 
and the most imposing of the problems which mankind so pas- 
sionately yearns to solve, may compel us to put aside, and for 
years to come, all questions which concern primary and final 
causes. But there will yet be left to us crucial problems worthy 
of the loftiest intellect, lying incontestably within the grasp of 
the human mind, fraught with great teachings, and fit to engage 
in their solution the united efforts of all men truly devoted to 
scientific studies. 

Pascal says that' ^' non seulement chacun des hommes s'avance 
de jour en jour dans les sciences, mais tous les hommes ensemble 
y font un continuel progres, a mesure que I'univers vieillit." 
This proposition implies a progress already achieved. Let the 
historian, then, describe this curious and necessary evolution in 
the history of man — ^not by hypothetical generalities, but by the 
light of well-ascertained facts, and in the real order of succession. 
The march of mankind, from Engis^ to Athens, is surely exten- 
sive enough to satisfy the most ambitious inquirer ! This prog- 
ress seems to involve a development in accordance with ascer- 
tainable laws. It is the province of the historian to set forth 
the premises from which these laws can be deduced and demon- 
strated. Such a development must have necessarily taken place 
in forms varied and multifarious, running sometimes parallel, 
though with unequal rapidity. The historian may show its 
starting-points, land-marks and resting-places, its divergences 
and its return to homogeneity ; he may assay for us the modicum 
of truth which underlies our sternest beliefs, and rivet anew the 
links of a chain disconnected by ignorance or superstition. 

' Preface mr leTraiteJu Vide^xn Pensiesj * yide the late works of Huxlby and 
Frsgmeats^kc.fJtpMual^fubim par lA.P, Lykll, and especially the lectures deliv- 
pAvciu; Paris, 1844, S^o, Vol. i, p. 98. ered by Voot in 18 62-4* 

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iv Introduction. 

If any important results have already been attained in studies 
of this character, it is due to the subdivision of each and every 
field of inquiry. But the work of analysis must be carried still 
further. No subject should be deemed too insignificant to enlist 
the entire attention of series and successions of students ; and 
when, in consequence, and as the glorious reward of this con- 
centration of labor, the subject so investigated again exhibits an 
opening for a new division, this, in its turn, must be probed by 
new men and with adequate means. It is thus that in the exact 
and natural sciences such marvelous progress has been accom- 
plished. History, we know, is not based upon the observation of 
identical phenomena, and no one, therefore, as we have already 
suggested, can hope to see this science keep pace with Chemistry, 
Astronomy or Natural Philosophy ; but from a union of all the 
pursuits which have the least bearing on man, his past and his 
place in creation, we may possibly find that several of the ques- 
tions which have so long exercised the ingenuity of the most acute 
thinkers, will eventually admit of a solution. And when we con- 
sider these sciences philosophically, we are surprised to find how 
easily they may be connected with a view to the solution of such 
questions. Geology and Palaeontology enable us to see man in 
his first stage not only of physical but of intellectual develop- 
ment ; Archaeology brings to light his earliest efforts in art \ 
Philology gives us the history of his origin and migrations ; 
Literature reveals to us his dearest traditions, and the primitive 
aspirations of his poetical genius. But each of these sciences is 
in itself complex and extensive. Divide and subdivide them into 
as many and as minute sections as the mind can conceive, 
and every fragment will yet require the use of all the means 
which we can apply to the survey and analysis they require. 
From every such subdivision, indeed, arises a new necessity, de- 
manding a still greater abnegation ; for the task, in proportion as 
its field is enlarged, becomes ever more and more thankless. 
This is eminently true in reference to the study of the mechan* 

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Introduction. y 

ical means which the votaries of these sciences must possess ; to 
the pursuits of those who devote themselves to devise and per- 
fect instruments to alleviate the eiForts of synthetic philosophers 
and historians ; to the modest callings which aim at placing within 
the reach of others, whosoever they may be, appliances which 
rarely fail to impart method, logic and precision. Bibliography 
is concerned with one great class of these appliances, and we 
may be pardoned, perhaps, a few words in regard to the imme- 
diate bearing of this science on the subject now before us. 


The assertion of Caspar Thurmann' : ^^ Notitia librorum est 
dimidium studiorum," has not been considered an exaggeration 
of the claims of bibliography by historians who strive to elucidate 
facts in lieu of ventilating theories and reinforcing opinions. All 
that survives to us from the past of positive knowledge has been 
preserved in books and manuscripts. Traditions, even among 
semi-barbarous races, are no longer intrusted to the memory of 
those who cherish the remembrance of their ancestors and of 
their deeds : they find a lasting shrine in the printed word. And 
when we consider that we have inherited at least forty centuries 
of recorded facts, and that annals hitherto engraved on stone are 
now transferred into books, which are thus carrying back the 
accessible history of man to periods heretofore shrouded in dark- 
ness and mystery, it will easily be admitted that he is no trust- 
worthy historian who can seize, without a thrill of gratitude, the 
hand which alone may lead him unerringly through so vast an 
accumulation of materials. The science of Bibliography limits 
its claims to this right and duty. 

' spmJ AbM Rivs, Froi^tmt ^mn m- See also Cotton du Hoossayis* Dit- 
wsf^ pmhlie par tomteription f Paris, l^So, couise, in Bulletin du Bibliophile^ No. 1 1, 
i2inoy p. 59, notes. 3d series, p. 488. 

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A bibliography is not necessarily a list of books contained in a 
certain library ; but even when limited by this modest definition, 
it yet possesses a value which subsists, and is available, long after 
the books described may have been scattered or destroyed. A 
mere title frequently supplies the historian with the link which 
alone can impart a logical connection to this work. This title 
may lead him to study a book, which was perhaps unknown to 
his predecessors in the same line of investigation, and from this 
study he may often acquire a knowledge of certain &cts which 
shall cause him to alter the entire plan of his work^. Viewed, 
indeed, in its proper light, a well-constructed catalogue of books 
is simply a luminous chronology of intellectual facts, and there 
is no Bihliotheca Philosophica which does not exhibit, in a more 
or less striking degree, the history of the human mind. But it is 
in the exact sciences that catalogues are fraught with their most 
useful teachings. We see in them at a glance the attempts and 
theories, often teeming with errors, which have paved the way 
for the discovery of those great truths never to be wrung again 
from our grasp. Do not the quaint titles affixed to the works 
of Lulli, Paracelsus, Agricola, Bruno, or Cardan, give us an 
insight into that curious process ftom which arose in due time 

We may here cite, as an instance in 
point, the greatest historical composition of 
modern times, Augustin THisaav^s Hit- 
fire de la Conquhe de tAngUterre far let 
Normands. Our readers doubtless recollect 
that in this immortal work the author de- 
picts in vivid colors the history of the van- 
quished, and finds in Thomas i Becket the 
personification of the Anglo-Saxon race and 
the champion of its rights against the Nor- 
man dynasty. The ninth chapter is con- 
sidered the keystone of the history, as it re- 
lates exclusively to the memorable struggle 
between Henry II and the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, who, to his dying moments, 
remains the champion of an oppressed 
people. TaiEEKY was preparing a new 
edition of his work for the press, when 

a catalogue of modem books, which had 
escaped his notice, was handed him by a 
fnend. It conuined the title of a work 
which purported to give a faithful tran- 
script of the Lambeth and Fitz-Stephen 
manuscript. This sin^e advertisement 
was sufficient to destroy the entire frame- 
work of Thierry's History: Thomas ^ 
Becket, the bold protector of the Anglo- 
Saxon race, was no longer himself an 
Anglo-Saxon, but disappeared in Thomas 
B^quet, a Norman by birth and parentage ! 
The discovery preyed upon the mind of 
Augustin Thierry for years, but, prompted 
by his love for truth, which was dearer to 
him than all his theories, he intended to 
remodel his History ; unfortunately he died 
without accomplishing his work. 

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Introduction. vii 

the only true science? We grant that the meaning suggested 
by a mere name can only be appreciated by him who brings 
to its observation a certain degree of knowledge, which no 
succinct catalogue of books can ever give ; but a title, if properly 
set forth, will teach the reader at what time it was that a given 
thought, now trite and unnoticed, first assumed a positive char- 
acter. The title repeated at a later period shows a progress 
accomplished ; a succession of editions marks its diffusion ; the 
controversies which follow, its importance; and accordingly as 
the work which it identifies disappears altogether firom subse- 
quent records, or maintains its place in them, the student may, 
by comparison, ascertain to what extent its influence continues 
still to be felt. 

Information of this character may be derived from a mere 
list ; but when the works are classified in the order of subjects, 
the divisions assume a philosophical bearing of great import. 
Our readers are aware that, independently of the immediate 
utility which arises from a methodical arrangement, classifica- 
tions pertain to metaphysics. Aristotle, Bacon, D'Alembert, 
Daunou, Ampere, have made classification the object of their 
highest efforts ; yet there is no bibliographer who is not required 
to follow in their wake, and to impart to the frame-work of a bib- 
lic^raphy the philosophical character which these great thinkers 
failed to perfect. Aldus' Ltbri graci impressl may be considered 
a mere printer's catalogue, intended solely to invite the public to 
purchase his books; yet, in the primitive classification it sets 
forth, and which is composed of only five sections (Grammatical 
Poetica^ Logica^ Philosophia^ Sacra Scriptura)^ we see an evidence 
of the necessity which forces itself upon every enlightened bib- 
liographer to go beyond a mere enumeration or index. The 
Pandtctarum of Conrad Gesner, and the Tableaux of Christofle 
de Savigny, which may have served as a model for Bacon's 
divisions, show that Bibliography requires of its votaries some- 
thing more than perseverance and attention. Even when these 

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are the only faculties which the bibliographer can bring to bear 
upon the science, he is frequently interrogated to ascertain who 
was the originator of an idea, the discoverer of a fact, or the 
inventor of a system, either in History, Literature, Science or 
Philosophy ; and this simply because his compilation gives an 
exact date or describes a book with accuracy. How many 
popular traditions have been shown to be erroneous by a single 
reference to catalogues of this description' ! 

But whether we consider Bibliography as an indispensable 
means to explore the sources of literature and of the historical 
sciences, or as the competent guide which leads conscientious 
critics to the knowledge of the subjects they are called upon to 
discuss, it is evident that its sphere of usefulness may be greatly 
extended. There is no reason why the bibliographer should 
limit his eftbrts to a faithful transcription of titles, coupled with 
minute collations. He may, without trespassing upon the prov- 
ince of Belles-Lettres, give the history of the book, enumerate 
its contents, ascertain its precise place in the chronology of 
literature, state the references which mark its influence in the 
preparation of other works, quote the opinions expressed by 
competent critics, divulge its author or editor when published 
anonymously, and, if it be devoid of imprint, discover the date 
at which, and the place where, it was printed, and by what 
printer. He must, furthermore, describe the typographical pecu- 
liarities of the book, the changes they inaugurate, and their 
bearing upon the history of the art of printing. Nor should he 
neglect to group around each title the data which may enable 

* '*Qiiand on taun que le Don Sluickttt 
A eu cinq editions Ttnn^ meme qui le vit 
paraitre ; que le poeme det Luiiadiif quoi- 
que 6crit en une langue d*un usage tres- 
limits, a eu deui 6didon6 dans sa nuu- 
veaute, et une troisieme quelques onnees 
apres; quand on aura remarque que la 
presse anglaise a frequemment reproduit du 
vivant de leur illustre auteur, THamlet, 
POthello, le Romfo, et les autres chefy- 

d*«euvres de TAngleterre, on n*accttsera plus 
les contemporains de Cervantes, de Ca> 
moens et de Shakspcare, d*avoir meconnu 
le merite de ces grands hommes, et Pon 
reconnaltra que Tabsence de lois veritable- 
ment protectrices de la propriety lltt6rairc 
a ^ sinon la seule, du molns la principale 
cause de la misere dans laquelle les deux 
premiers ont vecu." — Brunbt, Mamutl, 
Introduction, p. xix. 

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Introduction. ix 

critics to correct errors and to elucidate every point in contro- 
versy. As the reader will perceive, these requirements seem to 
imply that a perfect bibliographer should be so gifted as to be 
able to concentrate upon his investigations the multiEmous 
labors of a Mabillon, an Audifiredi, a Bayle and a Mylius. 
Yet, it is a question with us, whether bibliographers are entitled 
to express any opinion of their own, or to decide a single ques- 
rioii beyond the matters connected with what we may call the 
external characteristics of the book. They are only expected 
to furnish critics with sources of information, and to trace to 
the fountain-heads all current statements, whether true or erro- 
neous, concerning the subjects of their study. The task of 
extracting from the materials thus supplied the synthesis re- 
quired, devolves exclusively upon the historian. Bibliography 
dius understood, it will be seen, assumes an encyclopoedical 
character, which we deem necessary to bring the science in 
closer connection with historical studies. 

We are aware that to limit the province of bibliographers 
to labors so arid and uninviting, is to thrust out of the career 
many inquisitive scholars who are willing to make strenuous 
exertions for the benefit of collateral branches of knowledge, 
but who cannot easily bring themselves to abdicate their right 
of judging and deciding. Yet it should surely be considered a 
meritorious occupation for bibliographers to bring into play the 
analytical powers demanded by the sphere to which we would 
confine them ; and whatever may be the privations involved, 
ire hold that no one should devote himself to Bibliography who 
cannot regard that occupation as both adequate and honorable. 
He only is '^ called and chosen" to such labors, indeed, who seeks 
in books a solace and a refuge, and loves them chiefly for the 
sake of the independence which they confer^. 

* ^ O liWi foli Uberalet et liberi, qui titia ▼obit sednlo lerrieiitet !** Richaad ob 
«iai petcnd triboidt, et omnet manumit- Bukt, FhiUkiUmm^ cap. i. 

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The subdivision which we suggest, of the component parts of 
every branch of science, may be said to have been carried into 
effect in Bibliography. The Bihli$tbica Bihli9grapbica of Dr. 
Julius Petzhold7 exhibits a number of bibliographical works for 
almost every subject. It is not our province to cite or describe 
such special repertories, but it behooves us to mention all the 
bibliographies exclusively devoted to America which have come 
to our notice. 

Early in the seventeenth century, the vast coast-line which 
hems the New World had already been surveyed. Shouten 
doubling Cape Horn in 1616 had marked the extreme limit of 
the southern hemisphere, while in the same year William Baffin 
had sailed to the seventy-eighth degree of north latitude and dis- 
covered the bay which now bears his name. Immense regions 
in the interior of the continent still remained unknown, but the 
colonies of different European nations were rapidly encroaching 
on the wilderness, and already encircled the whole hemisphere 
with a chain, to the completeness of which but a few links were 
lacking. The continent was daily growing in importance to 
the people of Christendom not only as an inexhaustible source 
of revenue to different European Powers, but as a vast field for 
immigration and for the development of commerce. True it is 
that the names of Cibola, L'el Dorado, Quivora and Tiguex had 
not entirely lost the magic influence, which, nearly a century 
before, had led a Vasquez de Coronado, a Nuno de Guzman and 
an Orsua to undertake fruitless expeditions, of which these bold 
adventurers fell the first victims ^ but such illusions pertain to 

* Leiptif, iS66y Sto» pp. io-|-939« 

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Introduction. xi 

huiaan nature, and we see them exercise the same damaging 
power over the mind of men at all times and everywhere*. 

It would be rash to assert that the crafty statesmen who at 
that time ruled Spain, France, England and Holland, shared the 
delusions which prompted so many Europeans to cast their lot 
in the New World. It was not the Fountain of Youth which 
Philip of Spain and Elizabeth of England had in view when 
they encouraged maritime expeditions to America, but a market 
for their manu£ictures and seaports for their navies. We hear 
of a Spanish fleet sailing in 1602 from Acapulco to California, 
but although the production of gold in Peru and Mexico had 
risen in the year 1600 from three to eleven million dollars per 
annum, this precious metal was not even mentioned among the 
objects of the expedition ; and Sebastian Vizcaino received no 
other instructions than to find a safe harbor for the galleons on 
their way homeward from the Philippine Islands'. The colonies 
were gradually emerging from that state of absolute tutelage, 
which checked all individual efforts, and, in imitation of the 
military colonies established by the Romans in Bruttium and 
Campania, seemed to have no other object than to exhaust the 
resources of the country for the benefit not even of the con- 
quering power, but of a few privileged adventurers. John III 
of Portugal had already broken ground for the division into 
twelve captainships, which was destined to initiate the prosperity 
of Brazil ; and James I of England had commissioned Governor 
Yeardley to establish a provincial legislature in Virginia. Spain, 
even, striving to keep a watchful eye over her distant posses- 

* *< M. de Humboldt aytnt dana u der- la r^tialtata ne r^pondirent pa k ratteiite 

■ite ^didoa [de VExsmen Critifutf'] da tp^cvUteuriy et ilt eurent Titrange 

dann€ dc nooreanz detaila sor ce fiuneaz penafe de tradoire le nom de rUluatre voy- 

Ik de Ooatavita ou a*accompliiaaient la ageor a la barre du Parlement.** — Duin, 

actct de Taocien Doiado, et od Ton sup- L€ monde BiuJkamti § Comtgrgfkie et Hit' 

poae que de nombrenx triors aont enfbuit, ttin Nmtitrelle fautmstifuts dm Mtyen ^t $ 

nme compagnie anglaiae a*einpan de cette Paris, 1845, zSmo, p. aSS, mm, 

vtvflation biatorique et se consdtua pour ' ToaqpsMAOA, Abmwfuia ImUanM^ lib. 

rezploitation du lac Malkenreusement ▼, cap. 45 and 55. 

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xii Introduction. 

f ions, had frtmed a judicious system of laws'^, which, had they 
not been thwarted in the application by the rapacious and reck- 
less adventurers whose nefarious influence was still felt two 
centuries after the conquest, would have proved a blessing 
instead of a bane and a curse to the vast regions over which 
they were extended. 

This constant interposition of the European governments, 
and the growing prosperity of the American colonies, naturally 
increased the interest which individuals took in the geography, 
history and laws of America, either for the purpose of trade or 
immigration, and created a corresponding demand for works 
from which the required information might be obtained. We see, 
therefore, sometimes under the direct influence of the govern- 
ment, but generally at the cost of booksellers or of companies 
interested in promoting immigration from certain localities, books, 
pamphlets, broadsides and maps multiply at the beginning of the 
seventeenth century with amazing rapidity. The great works 
of Haklujrt, Herrera, Linschotten and Wytfliet, with their nu- 
merous translations, are of that period. The splendid publica- 
tions of the Brothers De Bry and of Hulsius, parts of which 
have been so frequently altered and reprinted that a perfect 
collection is almost an impossibility, show that the demand for 
works of this description had already reached certain spheres 
where beauty in the execution was deemed paramount to truth 
or reliability. The curious and extensive list of English pla- 
quettes and pamphlets begins in 1602, with the Brereton and 
Waymouth books, which were soon followed by a succession 
of tracts relating to New England and Virginia, the number of 

which is truly surprising". The Diary of W. Cornelitz Shouten 


'* GT. J. OoTiBtaBs DB RoBALCATA, j?«p«««/«i cii iMi c^Umw en 1ms Indiat Oe- 

Trstsit AittMco p§liik§ j Ugsi Jet Cmer' eiJemtsJetf Madrid, 1797, 4to, and Cam- 

eh$ Madrid, I750» 4*09 R* Antunbs y irQUAnu^Apendic* i ia RJuccaciem fpmUr. 

AcBTBOo, Mewfrimt HiaSricst nkre Is Le- " QT. Biklitkeem BmrlewiamM, p. 16, sf^ 

gis!4uhM y OUierm del Cemercie it /m and riit u of BiUhtkeea Brewmisna. 

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opens, in 1617, the era of Dutch pamphlets'% many of which 
come to light daily, and increase beyond all expectation the list 
of such works. — ^We have seen an entire shelf covered with the 
different editions and translations of the Brevissima nlacion of 
Las Casas, published in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. 
The Mexican and Peruvian presses begin at that time to furnish 
their contingent of American books, while the works of Les- 
carbot and Champlain pave the way for the Jesuits' Rilati$nSy 
then comparatively numerous and now so rare. 

A catalogue of all these publications was certainly needed ; 
yet, the only special list of books relating to America which 
seems to have been published from the time when the Roman 
presses first published the Epistle of Columbus in 1493'' ^^ ^^^ 
year 1625, is the meagre chapter di Scriptoribus Rirum Ameri^ 
canarum in the Bihliothica Classica of Draudius*^, that '^ Cata- 
logue mal diger6 des foires de Francfort,'' as Baillet justly 
calls'' this miserable compilation. It was left to a native Ameri- 
can, Pinelo, to frame the first and best Bihliothica Americana. 
Born in Peru and educated in Lima'^, Antonio de Leon y 
Pinelo commenced at a very early age to take a lively 
interest in the geography, laws and history of this con- 
tinent. Having been bred to the bar, he concentrated 
his efforts on a digest of the numerous ordinances which had 
been enacted for the regulation of the Indies'^. But as such a 
compilation required extensive researches into the archives of 
Spain, he repaired to Seville, when, after having been appointed 
a Judge of the Supreme Court of the Colonies, he received the 
important office of Chronicler of the Indies, which had already 



» gr. TbAmu, Bikrt$aifM€ AmMemme, 

■'Not. I, a, 3,4. 

^ Frmmcffitrii md Mmmm^ i6aft, 4to. 
If oar mcmofy ferret at right, the Bik^ 
BtiUcm Hia^rks of BALDVAMut, which 
wat pohliehcd Bwt yeart befbre, doet not 
daiatiy tcparatdy the workt rdating to 
the New World. 

'• Jugewtent Jtt Savams^ Vol. n, p. 7. 
'* Amtonio, Biklhtkeem Hi^mms Novm^ 

VoL I» p. 139$ FftANCKBNAU, BikHotkiCM 

HUfMMiem, p. 38. The refbeace in the 
latter to J. FLoait dm. Ocaiic, Genealtgiss 
iUi tme^ Reyn9 de GramsdM (Madrid, 
1674, fbU, Vol. ly p. 295, leadi only to 
an intignincant marginal note. 
"See mjrm^^, 392, «f. 

Digitized by 


xiv Inirpductwn. 

been filled with so much credit bj OViedo, Herren and Dtvila 
y Padilla. It was in the discharge of his duties that Leon 
Pinelo prepared a history of the Council of the Indies'*, to which 
he intended to add, at the request of the Chief Justice of the 
Council, an analysis or description of every work, whether 
printed or in manuscript, relating to the Spanish possessions 
beyond the seas'9. But instead of publishing this vast repertory, 
which was actually composed^ and would have proved in- 
valuable to subsequent bibliographers, he only printed in 1629 
an abridgement or Epittm^ ^^ como primicia de mis [sus] largos 
estudios, i suma de mayor Biblioteca, que superior mandato 
anticipo a la estampa**/' This Epit$mi may be considered the 
first Bibliotbica Atmricana. 

The plan of the work is remarkable. The four main sections 
are composed of a Bibli9tica Oriintal, a Bibli$tica Occidentaly a 
Bibliotica Nautica^ and a BihlioUca Gi9grafica. The second of 
these, which is the only one that interests us, is subdivided into 
historians who wrote concerning the Indies in general, and those 
who treat of particular countries, such as New Spain, Florida, 
Peru, &c. Religions, Lingubtics, Jurisprudence and Natural 
History form separate chapters. Leon Pinelo intended to add two 
sections, one giving the titles of works which referred inciden- 
tally to America ; the other, which would have proved of great 
interest, containing a description and extracts of the '^ Libros 

'* CBnuJ9 RisI i Smprtw$» it /ci Ivi^M, ir TtrmI i MtmMUrh^ OnJt ir Psnmm' 

m 0rigem i juritdiehm^ i Ut PrtuJemtti^ c—U^ i FigUmn^ CtmemdmJtr it FsIJtfe§stf 

OmjerBSf FiacaUt i SecretsriM fmt det^ $m Grtm CMmilUr de 1ms Imdimif Ti»r9r§ Gem^ 

fimdseiom ksttm •yUfmid^i Mt., Mfifme, ersi it Is C»r9i$s de Aragen^ i Omf/tf de 

page 119. Judia^ Ofiutn de Ut eien Hijttdslie de U 

*' Dedication to the Duke de Medina gmmrdm de Is Reml pertens i Stmiller de 

de lat Torres, on signature 3. Cerft, Per el Licencimde AmtoMie de Lmm 

** << ia Biblioteca que mas ampliada, Reiafr del Suprem i Resl Cewuje de lm$ 

tengo escrita,** lee. eit,^ p. 134. Imdit, Oem Priuilegie, En Mmdrid^ Ft 

'* Efiteme de Is BillinMees Oriestsl i lusm Gesuslem. A»e de »#.dcxxix. 

Oeeidemtslf NsstUsi Geepr^fos, jil Ejecel- %* 410$ title i l.-|-4| unnnmb. 11. 4- 

emiiu. Seller D, Rsmire NulUt Peren Felipe 183 numb. pp. -|- 12 pp. for appendix + i 

de OmmmsMt SeMer de Is Csss de Otmmsn^ 1. fjt colophon. 

Dsfse de Medims de Ism Torres^ Msrfim ** Prelege^ on sign. 4. 

Digitized by 


IntrcductwH. XV 

Reales" in the offices of the secretaries of the Supreme Council 
of the Indies — upwards of five hundred of which he had read. 
The Epit9mi describes manuscripts as well as printed books, in the 
alphabetical order, with valuable notes. Pinelo seems to have 
made his descriptions from the works themselves, except in a few 
instances where the titles are derived from the catalogues of 
Balduanus*', Draudius^, Gabriel de Sora*', and from works in 
the library of his predecessor, Thomas Tamayro. He likewise 
extracted from Hervagius, Ramusio and De Bry, the accounts 
rebting specially to the New World. Prefixed are several poems, 
an introduction by Juan Rodriguez de Leon, who was Pinelo's 
brother, and several indices carefully and skillfully drawn. 

From the fiict that Juan de Solor^ano Pereira was appointed 

in 1634 to continue the Recopilacion di Leyts^ commenced by 

Rodrigo de Aguiar and Leon Pinelo, we infer that the latter 

died probably in 1633. 

Although several authors of note^ may have intended to follow 

the example of the Peruvian jurist, the earliest cata- 

logue of books exclusively devoted to America which 

we can find after the work of Leon Pinelo, is the 

useful Bibliothica Americana Primordia of White Kennett, Dean 

of Peterborough*^^ enlarged by the Rev. Thomas Watts**. The 

"* Biklhiktea CUssicM, thu Cgtmltgtu botoogh, 1718} died, 1728. — ^Daaung, 

Ogkhm/iSf Frsaeffitrti sd M. 1625, 4to. Q^lofeJ, Bihli9gr,^ col. 1718. 

** Bibi^knm Hitimcm^ Upm, 1620, ** BiklitktcM AmtrkMut PriwiordiM, 

4tio. Am Attempt T^warM liyiug the Feundatien 

** ^ BibUodiecc ampUMimc dominus, of m Amerieam Ubrary^ In several Books, 

cnjvm noo eiigui volainuus extat catalogus Pefers, mmd fFritings, Humbly gnten to the 

tjrpw edjtu ....** Antonio, loe, eit.. Society fir Propagmiom of tAc Gospel in 

VoL if p. 509. Foreigm Psrts, For tkt Perpetual Uu and 

** Akedo mentions in the prologue of Benefit of tkeir Members, their Missionaries, 

)au manuscript bibliography, a Biblioteca Friends^ Correspondents, and others eon^ 

Amaricams, compoeed bj Juan Dm db xa cern'd in the Good Design of Planting and 

Caixx j a few sheets only were printed promoting Christianity within Her Majesty* s 

about the year 1646. Colonies and Plantations in the West-Indies. 

** Born at Dover, 1660. Entered of St. By a Member of the said Society, London, 

Eamiiad HaU, Oxford, 1678$ Vicar of Printed for J. Churchill, at the Black 

AflaciadeOy Oxfordshire, 1684; Rector of Swan in Pater-Noster-Rano, 1713* 
Shectesbrook, Berkshire, 1693 ; Minister of *^^ 4to ; title one leaf -|- 1 6 preliminary 

St. Bocolph, Aldgate, London, 1699 ; Dean pp. -|- 176 pp. -f- 1 la onnombered leaves 

of PMerborough, 1707 } Bishop of Peter- for table. 

Digitized by 




title explains the purpose of this excellent bibliography. The 

accounts, which are chiefly extracted from the collections of 

Hervagius, Ramusio, Eden, Haklujrt, and Purchas, are, together 

with relations borrowed from the Epistles of Peter Martyr, 

arranged in the order of dates. A certain number of valuable 

works, especially of the seventeenth century, apparently taken 

from the library which the learned Bishop donated in 17 13 

to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, are described 

with accuracy. As an index of subjects, the Bibli$tbeca Anuria 

came Primordia stands prominent among the works of the kind. 

Lenglet Du Fresnoy inserted in his well-known Mithodi p$ur 

itudier la Giograpbii ^ a list of works relating to 

Lbnglbt America. It numbers about sixty titles (exclusive 

J g * of the reprint of Rothelin's De Bry\ beginning 

with Benzoni. We notice an Oviido of 1730, 

which is not to be found anywhere else. The catalogue of 

American voyages^ is still more succinct. Both of these lists 

bear a certain resemblance to Mencke's work". 

Andr& Gonzales de Barcia Carballido y Zuniga^, while pre- 
paring the edition of Herrera*s Historia GeruraM^ 
which is so well known for its admirable index. 


thought it advisable to enlarge the list of Lss 
Autwis imprtioi^ y de mano^ qui ban iscrito cosas particulares de 
las Indias Occidentalism which precedes the original edition of 
Herrera. To that effect he instituted diligent researches to dis- 
cover the larger work of Leon Pinelo, but foiling in this'^, he 

** Pvii, I74» (third edit.). Vol. i. Part 
Uf P- 405> f' We have not been able to 
procure the edition of 1768, whkh b the 
most complete. 

•• loe. cit,, p. 504, jy. 

tntt Jtt muarfiui tritiftt mr Is hwti ii 
kmrs Mtvriftg $t mr It cMx des wuiUeuru 
i£thni. Par J. B. Miifcu $ Lipaic [«/(]» 
M pcc »▼, luno, p. 4^6, ly. 

** *^ Barcia was a man of literary dia- 
tinction, much employed in the affiiin of 
atate, and one of thie foonden of the Spna* 
iah Academy. He died in 1743.** — ^Tick- 
NOR, Hiit, rf ^oMuA Litirttmrtf Vol. n, 
p. 29, wii 13, on the authority of BAtMA, 
Him de MadHd, Vol. i, p. 106. 

^ Madrid, 1716, -% 

** ** Eita Obra maior, que no ftha qoicn 
diga haverla acabado (i en el continno tn- 

Digitized by 


Introduction. xvii 

availed himself of his '^ noble collecrion of books and manu- 
scripts relating to America"'', of some stray notes (^^Papeles 
Originales, i copias del autor*') left by Pinelo, and of such 
materials as he could find in the extensive compilations of 
Rodriguez'^, Qu^if and Echard'^, Labbe'', Nicholas Antonio, 
Du Halde, Tr6voux, &c., and following the plan of the Epit$mi 
of Leon Pinelo, compiled the extensive Bibli9tbica^^ which, to 
distinguish it from the latter, we call Pinek^Barcia, 

Barcia's work is an immense repertorium, containing abridged 
titles, all translated into Spanish, and fraught with inaccuracies 
of all kinds. The multiplicity of indices, and the different 
paginations render this bulky compilation of little use, althou^ 
in the midst of a chaotic mass, painstaking bibliographers 
may discover notices, especially in the mention of manuscript 
sources, which could not be found in any other work. Many 
of the errors which mar the utility of subsequent bibliographies 
can be traced to Finelo-Barcia. 

If no bibliography of American books is to be found for a 
number of years after Barcia's, there are several lists, prefixed to 
histories, which, although relating exclusively to particular sec- 
tions of countries, find their place in this con- 
' nection. The first is a description, with notes, of 
fifty-five works, added by Charlevoix to his His- 

bajo dd Autor, et ▼eiitimil) no ban podido Stvilla^ y O^r^nittm Mmhr de Im ImMms^ 

descobfir ht mat eficacei diligenoM.** Pi- mtksMJ^^y ewmindsdo mnevmaumit^ tm fiu Me 

nklo-Bakcia, FrMSi/*, third page. comtiemem /m aeritorgt de Us Imdiss Oriew' 

** Rich, BiUhiiees Jtwuricems Nevs^ tmUs^ y Oceidentsles^ y Reimi fwveeinet 

VoL 1, p. 55, No. 7. Ckims, TsrtariSf y^pem^ Fertim^ ArwtentMj 

** ^iMM^««^4t/(nrrnM; Valencia, 1700- Etipfim^ y otrms f^ruu Al Rey mmestre 

1703, iblio. teMer. Per wuute del Mamet de Tfrre- 

** De Senft»ribmi erdimit PrgedicMter, f Nnev, m Seereurio del Deepacke Uni^ 

Paris, 1719-ftl, foL versa/ de Haeiendm^ In£as i Meseieo. Cem 

^ BiUhikeem Bihiietkeedrum | Paris, PrMlegio, En Madrid t Em Im efieimm 

l64|, 4tD. de FroMciseo Mdrtitiem Abmd^ en Im Calk 

** Epifme de Is BiUitecm Oriemtsi, y del Olive Baxe. AMe de m. d. cc. xxX¥U. 
(keidemtslf Natstiea^ y Geegrmjkm, De %* Folio, 3 volt, (licond and third 

Dm Ammiie de Leen Pinele, del Censeje de dated m. d. cc. zxxrm.X SibUeuem Oeei- 

tm Mtf. em Im Cmsm de Im Centrmtmcien de dental^ colt. 516-911, in Vol. n. 

Digitized by 




tory of New France^. Laudonniere (1586) it the earliest 
author mentioned ; but we find reliable accounts of Lescarbot, 
Champlain, Sagard, and of the most imporunt historians of 
Canada. The notes are succinct, but trustworthy, and such as 
would have added still greater value to the History of America 
of Robertson, had that painstaking historian done more than 
limit himself to a mere mention of titles. The 
1 777 books described by Roberuon** seem to have com- 

posed a part of the library which was procured for 
him by Mr. Widdilove, the chaplain of the English embassy at 
Madrid, and of copies of such manuscripts as Lord Grantham 
was permitted to consult. It must be said, however, that the 
Spanish government exhibited then, as now, a great reluctance^ 
towards communicating, even to the English ambassador, cer- 
tain documents, which it was left to Navarrete to publish for 
the first time. Robertson's catalogue comprises nearly two 
hundred and fifty works, all intrinsically valuable, but of no 
great rarity. The leading historians are not in original editions, 
but mere extracts from Ramusio's, De Bry's and Barcia's col- 
lections or late reprints. We notice, however, the prinaps of 
Las Casas, Castanheda, and the Vocabulario of Molina. 

Clavigero enjoyed advantages which were denied his prede- 
cessors. A member of the order of the Jesuits 
at the time when the New World was ruled by 
the clergy as a conquered province, he spent 
thirty-six years in Mexico collecting documents for his intended 


*' LiU9 it txMmtu det mtttmn qmt j*si 
etumhis p«mr cbrnfoter at $mvrm [yh$. t 
Bitfirt et Dnerifti^m OMrsIt de is lf$U' 
mtUi Frsmtf Mvtt Ujpmrmsl AistiHfmt d'ma 
f^tysgt /sit far §rdre dm Rot dmtu Pjtmi- 
rifmt Si^tntrhusUi Paris, m.dcc.xlit, i 
▼ob. 4to. In Vol i, pp. zlj-l^j]- 

** jt cmtalegiu of Spimisk hooks snd im«- 
MMripti; in Robkatson, History of tko 
Discovery and SettUmemt of America i Lon* 
don, 1777, % Toll. 4to, Vol. n, pp. S^3'' 

** ** Let jonnuux originaux de Gotomb, 
de Pinson, d*0)eda, d^Ovando, de Balboa, 
de Ponce de Lton, d'Hemandes de Oor- 
doue, de Cortes, &c., ae trouTent toot daiia 
le cabinet det archivet de la conronne. a 
Simancat, k deax lienet de ValladoUd. 
Les ciiaitet et let diplomet det afiairet de 
TAm^que qai, tur Tordre de Philippe II, 
y furent d^poeet, occuoent la plot graade 
chambre, et fbrment hnit cent tobcante- 
treise grot paquett, que M. Robertion a 
▼ainement cherchi i contvlter.** Ds 

Digitized by 




hittorjr^^ which he prefaced with two lists, one of European 
and native authors, who wrote in the Mexican, Otomee, Maja 
and other American languages ; the other, containing thirty-nine 
valuable notices of writers on the ancient history of Mexico. 
Clavigero mentions manuscript sources, such as Sahagun, since 
printed, Motolinia, afterwards lost, and Chimalpain, which he 
did not suspect to be only a translation of Gomara^. 

It is worthy of notice that nearly all the works relating to the 
New World published in the seventeenth and eighteenth cen- 
turies in the Spanish language, were written by priests, monks 
or individuals who were connected in some manner with the 
Church. The extensive number of publications of this character 
induced Juan Jos6 de Eguiara y Eguren, a native 
Mexican, who held the chair of Hieology in the 
University of Mexico, to compose a dictionary, 
historical and bibliographical, of all the authors born in New 
Spain. He died, unfortunately, in 1763, without completing 
his work. Although Eguiara carried his dictionary to the letter 
J, only one volume was published^'. TYAs includes only the 
first three letters of the alphabet. The rest of the manuscript 
was preserved until within a few years in the library of the 
Cathedral of Mexico^. The prolixity of the dissertations, the 


Mobs, Hitfire dtf/^msHpu 4m Cke^itr 
Bekaim f Scnsb. and Paris, iSoft, 8vo, p. 
63. Tim note of Dc Man teema to be 
taken nroin RobertKMi*s own pvenKOy but 
we have to ditco?er tbc aothoritj Qf the 
Nuremberg critic for his assertion as re- 
gards tbe joomals of Pinsony Ojeday 
Owmnio, Ac. 

** Sf9ria MMtks dtl Musics $ Cesena, 
lySo-iy 4 Tols., 4to. In tlie absence of 
the Italian ori^aly we quote Collen*s 
translation, London, 1780, 410. Cttalogmt 
•f tmme [laS] Enrpptmu and Crtolt am- 
tkon vA« Atfve written •» tke Dtctriius of 
Okrhti^mitj mmd BiUrmlity^ in tkt Lsngtu^a 
rf N«W9 Spmui Vol. I, p. 41a, jy. Ai-' 
tkon ofGramauart mmdDUthaary^ p. 414, 17. 

— jteemmt tf iAe Writtn mt tke jtmeient 
mmry •/ Mutiny Vol. i. 

^ See hfrM, p. 204, wte 8. 

** Bibliotktea Mueicmms thn er^difr^rm 
kisfria vinrvm^ fmi iw America BeremO 
msti^ vel slihi gemiti^ im if$tm Demieilie mt 
StmiJM Micitif fjuntit iit^ni terifte slimmid 
tradidermut t komm frgesertim fui pre Fide 
Catkeiiei ^ Pietme mmplismd^ fivtu^ftu^ 
^regii f metis 9 fuihutvii Seripfit fieture 
editii out imeditit. Temut frimms exkikent 

Ittterms ABC Mexici : Bx n$vi 

TffeerrspAii iw ^dibut Amtk$rit editiemi 
ejuedm Biblietkeeet deuinstS, Amme De* 
mini MDCCLK 

\* Folio J title iy+ 18 U. + 59 + 't -h 
pp. 1-543 i on two columni. 

(Private Ubnry, New Yoric) 

** Beietin de U Seeiedsd Mexiesns de 
Geegra/ia y EusMuiea, VoL x, No. 1, 

Digitized by 


XX Introd$uH(m. 

lack of criticism, and the fact that every title it translated into 
Latin, deter greatly from the merit of this work, which, how- 
ever, has not been entirely superseded by the more extensive 
Bibli$ti€a of Beristain, as Eguiara gives his authorities, which 
Beristain frequently neglects to do. 
The work of Father Maneiro^? is entitled to a place in this list 
on account of the bibliographical details contained 
MANBIRO. j^ j^jg thirty-four elaborate biographies of Mexican 
authors. Maneiro belonged to the order of the Jes- 
uits. He was born at Vera-Cruz in 1744, and died in the 
city of Mexico in 1802. His biography of Clavigero is espe- 
cially interesting. 

But the repertory of Mexican works and authors ifhich is 
sought after by collectors (not so much on account 


1816-21 ' ^^ ^^* intrinsic merit as because of its rarity), is the 

BibUoteca of Beristain^. 
Jose Mariano Beristain Martin de Souza was born at Puebla 
in 1756^. He completed his education in Spain, and returned 
in 1790 to Mexico. He was afterwards appointed to the offices 
of Dean of the Cathedral of that city, and Rector of the College 
of San Pedro ; and became the champion of Spanish absolutism 
during the revolution of 18 10. Dr. Beristain never recovered 
from an atuck of apoplexy with which he was seized while 

*^ y§Mmait Aloytii Mmntiri^ Vtraemctn- m Imm algmm e$criu^ o U Asm tUxsdt frtpm- 

sh^ it yitit Mfipi9t Mtxicamtrmm^ slhrum' rsdt pars Is Prims. Ls e$eribia BIDJcut 

fut qui shf* FirtMttf shft Utttris Mexiei in De Jou MmrioMo Btrittmn De Smms^ d*l 

frimtt jUrmerunti B9n9migt^ 1791-a, Svo, Clmutre it Imt UnhHniimitt de f^aleneimj 

Vol. I, pp. 41a J Vol. u, 41a $ Vol. Ill, Fs/isdolid^ CshsIUn de Is Ordtm E*fs»Js 

3H- ^ Cmt^^* i^h y Cemtmdsd$r de Is Mesi 

We find in the Dieei^msrh Umtvers, de Ameriesms de Itshel Is CsfUes^ y Desm de 

Hia, y Geegr. (Mexico), Vol. i, p. 56a, a Is Metropelitsss de Mexico, En Mexkn s 

notice ofa MS. Mexican bibliography, vte./ Cslle de 5snt$ D^mimge y etfsins de Ts- 

CstdUge de lot eecritoret jtnieU'Politsnot cnhs A»o de 181 6. 

[of Poiebla],^ Dfsoo Bbamodbs db CAt- \* Large 410, Vol. 1, 14 11. + 540 pp. $ 

Tto. Vol. n (dated 18 19), a 11. + 5a5 pp. ; Vol. 

^ Bibliotifs Hitpsno-jtmericsus SepteS' m (dated iSai), a U. + 365 pp. 
trionsli Cstitogoy Noticis de lot Liters- (Private Library, WatUagtea.) 

tot fneo nseidot edaesdet Jhrencientet en ** BiUiotus Uitpsmo^jSmmcsms Sept, 

Is Americs StptentrionsI BtpsMols^ ksn dsdo Vol. i, art. Berittsin, 

Digitized by 




pretching in the Cathednd, and died in iSij*^. He was a literary 
priest of varied attainments, who wrote poetry, and enjoyed 
some reputation as a pulpit orator ; but he is chiefly remembered 
on account of his bibliographical work. 

Beristain devoted twenty years to the preparation of his Bih^ 
Sotica^ but he lived to publish only the first hundred and eighty-, 
six pages of the first volume ; the rest of the work having been 
edited by his nephew, Jose Rafael Enriquez Trespalacios Beris- 
tain. When first published it could be procured for six dollars ; 
now as much as ninety or a hundred dollars are asked in 
Mexico for a complete set, and thcf work is rarely met with. 
Tlie reason of its rarity is simply that the number of copies 
printed was limited to the list of subscribers, as there was no 
prospect of finding purchasers for a larger edition. 

As to the merits of the work, they have been greatly exag- 
gerated by the booksellers who happened to have a few copies 
for sale. Its three thousand six hundred and eighty-seven notices 
convey, it is true, a great deal of information, but of a kind 
which is not always to be trusted, while the titles are so muti- 
lated as to be still a source of error and confusion^. When it 
was proposed, in 1863, that the Mexican Society of Geography 
should reprint the work, a member, of undoubted competency in 
such matters, reported that to reprint Dr. Beristain's Bim$tica^ 
as it was, might not render any service to science, while to 
correct it would be almost an impossibility ; and that if a bib- 
liography of this character was absolutely needed, the Society 
would find it a much easier undertaking to compose a new one 

- DkdtmsHo Umiv.iU la Hiu,j Getgr. 
(Mexico), Vol. i, p. 560. 

** ** £1 ddecto principal de U Bihlintes 
4e Bciwtuji cooiiste en U libertad que le 
10016 el aator de alterar, compendiar y re- 
eontcniir lot Citulot de lat obrat que ctta, 
luita haber que dado algunoi inconodblet.** 

— Ohtervofhntt preumadsu m ia Sociedsd 
MfxksMd if O*0grafisy Btts£tties p^r el 
S9ei0 d* miwurt fin smscribe [Sr. d. J. Oam- 
ciA Icasbalckta], aetrm it U pr^ytctrndm 
nimfreuM d* U Bihihtecm Hispmif'jimir' 
ictus StptiMirwnu! del Dr, Beriatmn f in 
Be/ett\ Vol. x, No. 2, 1S64. 

Digitized by 


xxii Introductkn. 

Whether we consider Meutert'* work as an enhrged edition 
of Struvius' BihUoUca Htstmca^^ or as the realiza- 
o ' tion of an idea suggested by the compilations of 
Balduanus, 2^iller and Bartels, MeusePs Historical 
Library will always be considered a scholarly and reliable work 
of the utmost importance to the student of history. It was 
intended to comprise Modern Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, 
England and Northern Europe, increasing the work to forty 
parts. These, however, were never published, but we are glad 
to record the (act that the sections relating to the New World 
were all inserted. They occupy half of the second part and 
half of the first part of Vol. in, with additions in the Analecta. 
Many of the original editions of the most important authors 
seem to have escaped his notice. Thus, for the first collection, 
he does not ascend to Fracanzio da Montalboddo*^, but to 
Ruchamer^' ; and for the epistles of Columbus he refers to 
Robertus Monachus*^; but he knows from the dsmiraphiig 
Intnducti9 the accounts ascribed to Vespuccius, while several of 
the Cortes LrCtters are described fi-om Seville editions. The 
secondary authors are mentioned with a fullness and accuracy 
which betray the hand of a bibliographer who did not limit his 
efforts to the mere transcription of titles and collations, but to a 
perusal of the works themselves and appreciation of their merits. 

John George Meusel was born near Bamberg in 1743. A 
pupil of Heyne, he acquired, when only twenty-three years of 
age, a certain reputation for his editions of Theocritus and 
Lucan, and was considered in after life an historian of consider- 
able merit. He died, in 1820, at Erlangen, where he held the 
chair of History in the University. 

** Biblhtktea Hisfricm. luttrmetk m B, partf in eleven Tolumet, including amslectm 

BMresrdo Ottthelf Strmvh, smcts m B, and index. 
Ckriai. Otdiek Bmden mmnc vir§ a Usmu ** lent, 17409 S^^« 
Omrit Mttutlio iu Mgeaa, Mmflijkmim t ^ No. 48. 
CMMMC*, mt fmm W99im •pmt vidtH ^m- ** No. 57. 
tit I Lottie MoocLxzzn ; Sto, twenty ** No. 175. 

Digitized by 





To supply data to an American gentleman who proposed to 
write a history of America, one Mr. Reid'^ compil^l 
1780' ^ chronological catalogue** of books, pamphlets and 
state papers. The titles are extracted chiefly from 
the lists then in the British Museum, JeiFerson's N9ti$ $n 
Firginia^ The Mnttbfy RivieWy kc.^ and arranged in the order 
of dates, but abridged and imperfectly transcribed. It is a worth- 
less compilation, which we should not notice, were it not to be 
found on the shelves of almost every American library. 
Although the Voyages of De Bry were not sou^t after in the 
last century with the eagerness which distinguishes the 
iSm^' collectors of our time, when Camus'' read to his col- 
leagues of the Institute of France the elaborate descrip- 
tion which he had prepared of the fine copy in the National 
Library he was immediately requested to add a part describing 
the eontints of the work. It is to this circumstance that we owe 
an excellent analysis, not only of De Bry's, but of Thevenot's 
collections, with incidental notes on those of Hervagius, Ramu- 
sio, Hakluyt and Hulsius. Camus' Mhn$ir^ may not contain as 
minute bibliographical details as the well-known descriptions of 
Cisternay Du Fay V and of De Bure's^ copies, or collations as 

** Thb work it toinediiiet ascribed to 
DBBftBTT or to one Rev. Mr. Hombb. 
Debiett was only the pmhUiMerf while Mr. 
Homer happened simply to own a copy, 
which contained the following note : **R, 
fir Riidy tU mmompumi mmti^r §/ s ipoA 
§atkUd BiUioiJUcs AmerksMs^ ^nnd m 
1789.** See Rich, BiUhek, jhuricsms 
iV#M (SappL), p. 49'» No. i. 

*" BiUhtkecs jhuricsms $ or^ s ckrtm- 
hgksl estskgtu •/ tkt wmt cmri^st sud iu^ 
tatm'ag B9sk^ PsmpkUn^ Ststi P^h 
&e^ mpw the mhject of N^rtk snd Stmtk 
Amtrics^ frvm tlu tsrRtn ptrhd to tkt 
fruemt^ im frimi mmd msmiucrift ; fir which 
rcMsrth km he^m msdc im the British MmU' 
Mi^ smd ths wma etiihrsted pmhiic smd fri- 
msu ehrsries, reviews, cstslegmes^ Ofr., 
with sm imtredm€t9ry Stcemru em the fresemt 

ttste ef Literstmre im these cemmtries § Lon- 
don, printed ii>r J. Dxbbktt. mdcclxzxix. 

*** 4to$ title I L + 1 1* -h ^71 pp« 

** Aiinand Oaston Camus, bom at Paris 
in 1740, wu a great jurist, who played an 
important part in the French Revolution 
of 1789. He died in 1804. 

** Mhmeirts smr Is cellectiem des Grsmdt 
et Petits Keysges^ et smr Is cellectiem des 
veysges de Mekhisedech Thevemoif psr A. 
O. Camus, mumshre de rimsiitmt mstiemal, 
Bmfrimiipsr Perdre et smxfisis de rimstitmtj 
Paris, Frimaire An. xi. (i8oa). 410, 3 11. 
+ A01 PP.+ 1I. 

" No. i8a$ of the catalogue of his 
library, prepared by O. Martin. 

** Siiliogrsfhie ImstrmctrvCf VoL i, pp. 
67-187 (an interleaved copy of thb part, 
with De Bttre*s own annotations). 

Digitized by 




full as the monographs published by De Rothelin^, Brunet^, 
Quaritch^ and WeigeP, but it must always be considered a 
most valuable contribution to Analytical Biblibgraphy. 
Antonio de Alcedo y Bexarano, the author of the well-known 

Geographical Dictionary, was born at Quito about 
Alcsdo ^^ 

i8o7 * ^^^ y^^ '73^* Aft^f finishing his education at Mad- 
rid he entered the Spanish army, and, in 1767, while 
yet holding a commission, studied Medicine at Montpellier. In 
1807 he held the post of Governor of CoruAa. His last work 
was a Bibli$Uca Anurican^^ which never was printed. This 
bulky compilation seems to be based entirely upon Pinelo-Bar- 
cia, with the addition of a few biographical notes, which are of 
interest only when referring to modern American authors. The 
titles are given in alphabetical order, abridged, and selected 
with very little discrimination^. 

Part V of the extensive bibliography of Voyages^ by G. Bou- 
cher de la Richarderie, is devoted exclusively to 
^^ America. The number of volumes cited is con- 

1808 * '^^^'^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ worthy the high encomium 
passed on this compilation by Peignot, who calls 

See alto, by the Mme bibliographer t 

Deteriptiom de Nxtmplaire de la Ctlkc' 
thm Jet GramJt et Petitt vfjr«(M de Thio- 
dere de Bry afpartensmt k M.le Dae de 
Bedford, t, s. s. /. [Parit, May, 183S], 
fbl. 6 pp. 

'* OitertfMtient et Ditsi/t imr la m/- 
leetiom dei irandt ^ det feths wyagesf 
Parit, 1741, 4tOy p. 44 (Abbi de Rothe- 
Iin*t own copy with MS. notet). Reprinted 
in Lbnglkt Du FauNOT, Mitkeie pemr 
itudier la Oiegr,, Vol. 1, pp. 314-361. 

** Mammelf Vol. i, colt. 1 310-1363. 

** Cellatiem of the German De Bry ^ first 
edithus f t, a, a, /., 4 large fol. paget. 

** BibliograpkiKke Mittkeilmngem Sher 
die deutuken Amtgahen ^ten Db BaT*s Sawtm- 
lamgem der Reiten nock dem abend- and mer- 
geniandi$ekem Imdien, Ant dem «Sbba- 
rBVM** betoudert abgedrncii f Leipzig, T. 
O. Weigel, 1845, S^ PP- We are glad to 

ttate that the copy detcribed bi thit carc- 
fiilly drawn memoir b now in a private 
library of thit city. 

" Bibliettea Americana^ CataUge de ht 
amt^ret pte Mam eeerite de la America ew 
diferentet idiemat. T metkia de su vida y 
patria^ aMot em jme vimierem y ebras jme 
etcribierem, Ompmette per El JUaritcafde 
Campe D. Amfnie de AUede^ Gebermade de 
la Plama de la CermMa, AMe de 1807. 
Fol. TI+1028II. MS. 

(Prirate Ubrarj, Prari4«ace.) 

** Witnets the following (fbl. 136) : 

*'CKAt0B, RoBiNtoa. Vida y maraTil- 
loto** tucesot de Cratoe Robintor, y entre 
orrot Tariot el de haber ettado 18 aftot en 
ana Itla detierta tobre la cotta y boca del 
rio Orinoco: en inglet . Londret, 17. . . 8^.** 

** Bibliotk'eque Umivertelle dkt yeyaget, 
em Netiee eemplhe et raitemmh de tmu let 
^fefaget ameiemt et mtedermet damt let iffkr^ 

Digitized by 


Introductian. xscv 

it ** un vrai monument de bibliographie «p6cialc7*>/' we feel con- 
ttnined to say that were it not for the extracts which it gives 
from books published in the eighteenth century, the portion 
of the BibU^tbiqui universilU des Voyages relating to America 
would be a very useless compilation. Unfortunately, the work 
was frequently consulted, and to this untoward circumstance do 
we ascribe many of the egregious mistakes which mar a number 
of subsequent publications^*. Giles Boucher de la Richarderie 
was an eminent French jurist, whose erudition should have 
enabled him to compose a better work. He was bom in 1733, 
and died at Paris in 1810. 

Dr. David B. Warden, an Irishman by birth, but who held 
for forty years the post of U. S. Consul at Paris, 

Vt AR.DEN . 

1820 ' ^'^^'^ ^^ ^^ '" '^45) ^^^ collected a library com- 
posed of works relating to America, neither very 
extensive nor containing books of extreme variety, but, for the 
time^^a useful and valuable collection. This he offered for sale 
in 1820, and, for the use of purchasers, compiled a caulogue^^, 
which evinces methodical habits, and a competent knowledge of 
the subject. The collection was purchased by Mr. Samuel £. 
Elliott, who donated it to Harvard College^' in 1823. The 
earliest work on the list is the Nmjus Orhis of 1537. A few 
years later, Dr. Warden having consented to furnish M. de 
Courcelles (the editor of the continuation of the Art de Verifier 
les Dates)y with chronological ubles of American history 7^, com- 

emk/srrki dm MMrif, fmUiis tmnt em Ism- ^ Biblieiktcm AmtHe»'8tpiimtrhmsiit : 

psr ttirt de psft dams Itmr iirie cirfrntU- Ua^taget^ reUtimr f tke Hittory^ Clhmaie^ 

lifmtf avee des e»trmts pirns em mieims GtegrmpJiy . . . ef Nertk Ameriem^fr^m its 

rspides des vtye^es lesfhu istmis de cJksfme fm disee^ery te in preumt existit^ Geverm- 

p^s, et Us jmgemimsf wseiroes mr let telm" miemt, 8. «. a, L [Parity i8ao], Sto, pp. 

<ww smeiemmes psi emt le phs de cilehite, 147. 

Psr G. BoocsBSDt la Richaidbsis. ''* joe, QvtnctfHisitry efHetr^ard Cell, ^ 

Paris, iSoSy Svoy Volt. ▼ and ti. p. 553. This college had already receiTed 

^ R^erfire de BiUiegrefkies Spkisles^ as a gift, in 18 1 8, from Mr. Thomdike, 

. the valuable collection of Prof. Ebellng of 

**Fauba0I.t, among othcn, for in- Hamburg, whkh contained a large number 

•cance, borrows many of hb inaccurate of books on America j lee. eit.^ p. 41 3. 
descriptions from La Richarderie. ** Paris, 1816-9, Sto, Volt, ix-xn. 

Digitized by 


xxvi IfUroductum. 

menced a new collection of books on America, which, when his 
work had been published, he also offered for sale. It was pur- 
chased, for $4,000, by the Sute of New York^' ; and it is the 
catalogue of this second collection which is frequently quoted 
as ^' Warden's BibUotbicd'^.** It numbers 11 18 works, begin- 
ning with the translation of Munster by Belleforest (ed. of 1570), 
and, with the exception of some rare charts, does not contain 
anything of special interest to bibliographers. The compiler 
mentions as the rarest books in the collection, Heylin's Cosmog- 
raphy, the Piter Martyr of 15339 a Di Bry^ a Ramusi$^ a Arr- 
cbasy a Laet^ a Torquemada and an Ogiliy. 
The collected voyages of Levinus Hulse or Hulsius^? may 
be considered an imitation?* of that of De Bry, 


* 18-11 * although it is superior to this highly-prized collec- 
tion in many respects, and, what is of greater im- 
portance to collectors, much more difficult to complete. It is 
in the German language, and devoted chiefly to the voyages of 
the Dutch. Camus7*9 states, on the authority of Meusel*^, that 
'^ Hulsius a employ6 pour cooperateurs quelques-uns de ceux 
qui Tavaient ete par de Bry, entre autres Gothard Arthus." 

Although mentioned as rare and valuable as far back as 
Haller*% it was only in 1833 that a bibliographer attempted to 
do for Hulsius what Camus had so successfully done for De 
Bry. Mr. A. Asher, a Berlin bookseller, who had collected the 

** SisuM Lsvft of tkt Stmt of Niw blicam ab, that i6oft cine Reite nach 

T.,rkf for 1845, p. 72. Doemments of tkt Holl. und Engelland, lieas sich hernach sa 

Auemhfyf 1845, Doc. n. Franckfurt am Majrn nieder; and starb 

^* BiUiotktcs jhttricamOf heii^ m ckoko am 1606,** (JdcNsa, on the aathority of 

eoUtcthn of Booh relatimi to North mmd Valei. ANDasAt). 

Sratfi America and tk* Wtu ImJiot^ inelui- '* << ad unitationem optrh kUotprki 

img Voyages to the Sautkerm Hemitfkere^ fratrum de Bry.** FaiYTAO, Amaleeta^ p. 

j2^ Bagravingt andMedalt ; Paris, 1 8 3 1 , 47 3. 

Sto, pp. 139. Reprinted, Paris, 1840, "" Mimoire utr De Bry^ p. 23, uete, 

Svo, pp. 104. ** Bibiiotkeca Hittoriea^ Vol. n, Part i, 

^ '^ein Oeographus and Mathemadcus p. 337. 

▼on Oent, gieng urn 1590 nach Norn- *' ^qnotoms ft6 prodiit, quae rarisanu 

beig, gab daselbst einen Informator in der est edito.** Bibiiotkeca Botamica, Ti£Mri^ 

firantsdsischen Sprache and Notariam pu- 1771-71, 410, VoL i, p. 378. 

Digitized by 




fine set, afterwards sold to Mr. Thomas Grenville, first pub- 
lished a brief memoir^, which, six years later, was enlarged 
and printed in 4to''. Although full of interest, and a praise- 
worthy effort in the proper direction, this description is not as 
reliable as hypercritical collectors would desire^. It is therefore 
necessary to add to Asher's Memoir the collations published by 
Quaritch*', the London bookseller ; although these covers only 
the first editions of Hulsiuses. 
Of late the attention of collectors of American books seems 
to be concentrated on perfect sets of Dt Brysy 
Hulsiuses and Jesuits' Relations. The latter are 
certainly the most valuable, if not the most in- 
viting to the eye, and deserve the solicitude of collectors, inas- 
much as there is not a perfect set to be found anywhere. As 
our readers are doubtless aware, these Relations are the annual 
reports sent by the Superiors in Canada to the Provincials at 
Paris, from 1632 to 1672, and contain interesting accounts of 
the progress of the Jesuit missionaries, among the Indians, as 
well as trustworthy details concerning the geography of the 
country, the different tribes, their customs, languages and tradi- 
tions. The only bibliographical account which we could find 
of these Jesuit Relations, is a paper read by Dr. £. B. O'Calla- 


CUUcmm 9/ y^y^gti amd Tr^elt pmklisked 
hy Levimms Hmlsim*^ mt NmrtmScrg amd 
Frsmftrt, frmm 1 598 f 1650. By A. 
Anu, I. /^ 1S31, Svo, pp. 16$ extncted 
frooB No. 35 of his Mnmtkly liti of Old 

** Bihtl9grspki€al esuy •m the CoUecMm 
tf Vwyt^tt mmd Trmvh edited amd pmk- 
hiked by Le^imui Hulaus amd his neeeg$»rt, 
m Umremherg amd Framefort^ from amme 
1598 10 1660. By A. AsHiK, London and 
Berlin, 1839, 4to, 3 U. + iiS pp. 

** For instance, the itt edit, of Part ▼ 
if not 1601, bat 1599; it is the second 
which is dated 1 601 , instead of 1 603. The 
1st edit, of Part x is noc 161 3, bat 1608. 
The ad edit, of Part xm is 1617 (like the 

1st, with Tariations only Ih the dtle and 
piel. 11.), instead of 1617. The earliest 
issae of the 3d edit, of Put ▼ is 1603, in- 
stead of 1 61 a. There is no dedication to 
Ander Schiffidirt*s od voyage (Ntiremb., 
1 60a); the text in Raldgh*s Gmiama (Part 
T, 1601) is in 18 pp. instead of 17. In 
Part IT, I599» there are //teem plates, in- 
cluding Schmidel*s portrait, instead of " sis- 
teen besides the portrait,** tcc^ tec. We 
are sorry to say that bibliographers are ex- 
pected to uke notice of such minudse; 
nay, these often consdcute the emly stock 
of knowledge of certain collectors, whose 
lynx eyes are constantly in search ot erron 
or omissions of this character. 

** OMatiom ef Hmltiui, Firtt edhiems^ 
t. /. tf • «., 4to, 8 11. 

Digitized by 




ghan before the N. Y. Historical Society, afterwards published 
in pamphlet form^, and translated into French^. This was fol- 
lowed by the publication of an annotated list", mentioning 
where, in 1853, ^^ ^^^ copies then known could be consulted'^. 
Dr. O'Callaghan's brief disquisition is interesting, and as full as 
the subject and the knowledge of the copies at the time could 
permit. The discovery made since of five unknown editions^. 

** y$tuit RtUtiwt •/ Dite§v€rut and 
•iktr •ccurreneet in CsMiuU aad the North' 
tru amd ff^esttru Stmtii •/ tit Unhn, 
i63ar-i67a. Bjr E. B. 0*Callaohan, 
M. D.; New York, MOcccxLTn, Sto, %% 

** RiUtioms det Jismini tmr Ut Di- 
comvtrtts tt Itt mures iv hu wumu snivh em 
C^madSf it m Nord et i POMtst des Ststt- 
Umis (1611-1672). Psr U Da. E. B. 
0*Callaoiiam. Trsdait di rAnglsit [bjr 
Father Felix Martin] svtc mulftut [erro- 
ntom]mitii^cirrictiituitmdditionsi Mont- 
asALi iSco, Sto, 70 pp. 

*" A fiw mtu Mr thi Jismit Rilsthmi^ 
Omfihd for Prmsa Oreulmtiim, ^jr E. B. 
0*CaLLAOBA]i, M. D.; 1S50, one (olio 

** When we consider the extravagant 
price now paid for JUlmtUms^ it is interest- 
ing to learn that the twenty-three Tolumes 
left by SooTHBT sold, at his death, for less 
than £S the entire lot; and that thirty 
more were purchased at Quebec in 1S51, 
for $100. 

** Th^ conslkt of two reprinu of the 
time, with different paginations, ftc, bat 
no change in the text of the Relsihm of 
163S \ a translation into Latin of the Ra- 
guenau Rilstiom of 1653, forming part of: 
Pngritms JUei CatAo/iae h Novo Orii, 
I. Im CMmmdm^ ihn Umtm Frsmcim. %, In 
Oekim Ckhs, 3. In M^m CAitumsi Regno. 
Di fno R, P. Nko/ant Trigsnthu, Soe, 
Jim, lihris F^ eo^hti it necnrnii tcriput^ 
etc. dloniet J^ippime. yomnnem Kin' 
ekhtnif 1653, 1 imo, 60 pp. 

(BiUithtca BrmanUnn^ Part n,p. 1 1 J, No. 164.) 
And the two following : 

copu DB DBvx li LETTRES || sntoib*xs 
DELA n MovvxLLS fiuuicx, H Att Pcrc Pro- 
cureur des MiffionsRde la compagnie de 
Ibsts en ces oontr6es. II A Paeis R ches Se- 
baftien Cbamoi s t, Imprimenr ordinaire du 

Roy et Oabbibl Cbamoisy. rfie S. lacqoes 
aux G- H cognes. n M.Dc. LTi . Aoec pri- 
mlege du Roy. 

♦m* iSmo, title I l.-f pp. t-»S. 

RELATION II DB ce qui reft pafl% R en 
la NouTelle France Hen Tannic 1634 H 
Bnneyee mn R. Pin Pnvineial di Is Cm- 
f^nii di lefiu inls\\ Prmhui di Frnna. R 
Par le Pere le Ibtnb de la Compagnie, 
Superieur de la R Refidence de KebecR 
£N jif^IGNON\\dt rimprimerie de 
Iaqvbs BaAMBBXAV, II Imprimeur de la 
Sainaet6,delaViUe,&RVniuerfit£. Ame 
permiffion dit Snpiriimrs || m . DC. xxxti . 

%* Syo, titie I 1. -H 4 luinumb. 11. + 
pp 1-269} ^1* PP* ^91-336 fotRtUaku 
of Lb Jbuhb of 16355 pp. 337-391, for 
Relstiin di a fni t^utpsue smx Hnrons im 
tannii 1635, by Bebbbup; pp. 390-400^ 
for Rifntton by Pbbaolt (1634-5); pp. 
401-416, for Drvtrs Sentimenti. 

The first part corresponds with the Le 
Jeune Relntion of 1634 (Paris, 1635)$ the 
second part b a reprint of the Relntion of 
1635 (Paris, 1636). 

These two reprints and Re/siioui are in 
a Private Library of this city ; the Latin 
Ragnenan in a Private Library, Provi- 

As to the Rilntion of 165S-9, vm. .* 
Littris envoiies di Im Nomvel/e Frmnee nm 
R. P. Jacques Renmnlt Pmvineinl do Im 
Omp, de Jisms in Is Prminci di Frsnee, 
Psr li R. P. Hiir, Lslansnt^ ite, | Paris, 
Sebastien Cramoisy, 1660, iamo,pp. 49 4- 
aj although there b no original copy 
known at present, there was one, but it 
was destroyed in the conflagration of the 
Paritamentary Library at Quebec, in 1S54. 
Fortunately a collector of thb dty had se- 
cured, a short time previous, a manuscript 
copy, which he caused to be printed in fac- 
simile, at Albany, in 1854, for private dis- 

Digitized by 


Introduction. jxxx 

and the scarcity of the pamphlet, render a reprint of this valua- 
ble contribution to American bibliography necessary. 

But it was not until 1828 that collectors, acting under the in- 

fluence of Obadiah Rich, began to form libraries exclu- 
jg ' sively composed of American books. This bibliopole, 

whose name is a household word with American col- 
lectors, was a native of Boston, Mass. In early life he devoted 
himself to botanical pursuits, but having been made a member 
of the Mass. Hist. Society, he directed his attention to the 
study of bibliography, which ^^ became his ruling passion through 
life/' In 18 1 5 he received the appointment of United States 
Consul for Valencia, in Spain, from which he was afterwards 
transferred to Madrid. It was during his residence in Andalusia 
that he succeeded in forming a library, which Prescott, Irving 
and Ticknor consulted at the time they visited Spain for the 
purpose of writing the works which have rendered their names 
celebrated. His means being limited, he visited London at in- 
tervals for the purpose of disposing, by private sale or by auction, 
of the rare works which he was continually collecting in Spain. 
It is to this circumsunce that we owe the formation of the four 
greatest collections of books in America^', as well as the Amer- 

*' European ttodenu of American hb- tux* This contains minate descriptions 

tofy fieqnendy eipresi their surprise when of parts of Therenot, Hnlsius, De Bry, 

informed of the richness of certain libra- Rilathms, as well as Colnmbus and Cortes 

ries in this country} but they forget that Letters. It b worthy of notice that after 

the owners commenced collecting forty a circulation of ten years, and the knowl- 

yean ago, at a time when cdlectors abroad edge that the highest price in the market 

neglected American books, and were loth would be paid, not twenty numbers were 

to pay prices which were fieqoendy much ____«_^_«.._ 

bdow the bid. fnt from America. Our , ^,^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ 

coUectors were in direct cnrrespondence ^rairtt Btrmngtrtf New York, i8j4, 8vo. pp. w. 

with De Bnre. Rich and Asher: when The following panage, not in die puretc French, 

rmt the public libraries, and^ notice tne doot on a bcMin, aocunca antres ne poorraieat 

e<fitions which were wanting in their col- Ctre pri«e». Les offrei dcnaieot done correspoodre 

k«i»., »a w«.t nren « fijr a. «, priBt tT^^LJ^JSL ^Z^S^^^^^SSi 

catalogues oi dtstderaiM, which arculated qoelquefoU tr^minime*. ies d6«crintiont ont M 

fiedy among the European booksellers, prepuces avec grand aoin, de maniire que i'on 

It is one of these which Brunet quotes oc- SS^T-Jie^'u??^^ 

casionally, under the Otic of Lhfret Otri- trt^MmUaUes msi$ fiuusts^ qii*on neroit pei.** 

Digitized by 




ican portion of the BiUi$theca Grenvilliana^ which contains gems 
not to be found in any other library. These four American 
collections are located as follows: one in Providence, Rhode 
Island, one in Washington city, and two in New York, the 
Aspinwall collection having been removed hither from Boston 
in 18639*. 

In 1828 Rich removed to London, where he opened a place 
of business, which remained as such during the remainder of his 
life, although in 1836 he accepted the consulate at the Balearic 
Isles, and fixed his residence at Port Mahon, attracted thither 
chiefly by the desire of examining at leisure one or two extensive 
private libraries in that vicinity. The business meanwhile was 
carried on under the superintendence of his son, Mr. George 

obtained out of a list of two hundred and 
sixteen mentbned in this cvrious catalogue, 
which points out important differences 
which had escaped the notice of prerioos 
bibliographers. It most be said, however, 
chat the books asked were among the 
rarest knrwn | while seTeral,f we fed cer^ 
tain, had not been seen in many years I 

The number of rare and valuable works 
which are scattered in several American 
libraries is considerable, but we possess five 
collections exclusively devoted to America, 
which, as fitf as we have been able to as- 
certain, surpass all libraries of the kind in 
Europe. These are the collections of 
Messrs. J. Caktxi Bsowk, in Providence, 
Samvxl L. M. Baklow, in New York city, 
Pmm FoacB, in Washington, HsNav C. 
MuapHY, at OwPs Head, Long Island, and 

iAMis Lbmox, in New York city. We 
ave examined all these, except Mr. Len- 
ox's, which we have never seen \ but if we 
may judge firom the sundry works which 
the owner permitted us to. consult, and 
from conversational remarks, Mr. Lenox's 
collection stands unrivaled. 

It is very much to be regretted that 
none of these great libraries are catalogued. 
A large-paper Temsux^ interleaved and 
crammed with manuscript additions, seems 
to afford the only clue to those bibliograph- 
ical treasures ; so that if a conflagration— 

t Sm Nos. 106, io9» 14a, i4|. 

by no means a rare occurrence in this 
country — should destroy these coUectioaa, 
there would be no traces whatever left of 
the losses thus sustained by the students of 
American history. Let us state, however, 
that there is in coune of publication, a 
catalogue of Mr. J. Carter Brown's library. 
We quote the parts already printed in our 
work under the title of Biilioiktem Sfwrn^ 
ismm, but the real title b as fellows t 

BihiitJktcd jSmtriemmm. A (ktsUpu •/ 
B—kx rtlmdmg r« Nttk and StmtJk jimtricm 
h tko likrsry of John Otrttr Snmm^ •/ 
PrtvidiMct^ it. /., witM Ntts hy Jobm 
RvsssLL Baitxbtt; Providence, iS66» 
Svo. First part (Fifteenth centuiy), pp. 
79, 30ft numbers. Second part (up to 
date), pp. iSo^ 940 to the year 16S5. 

The richness of this collection in Co- 
lumbus, Vespucdus and Cortes episdev, in 
Lm (kuuet, De Bns^ Hmtshutt, Jemht Hr- 
laticwt and colomal pamphlets, will not 
fell to excite the admiration of scholars, 
and the envy of European coUectois. 

** One of the earliest collections of booka 
on America was fermed by Col. Thomas 
AsrmwALL, fer nearly thirty years U. 
S. Consul at London. Extremely weU 
versed in the colonial history of his coun- 
try, a bibliophile of great tact and activity. 
Col. Aspinwall succeeded in collecting n 
number of remarkably rare and valuable 
works, which the richest libraries at home 
and abroad scarcely surp as s e d. During one 

Digitized by 



Rich, but after a few years he returned to London and resumed 
the management of the store to the time of his death, which took 
pbce in February, 1850. He was much regretted. A gentleman 
by birth and education. Rich was a very different man from sev- 
eral of those who now attempt to follow in his wake. Entirely 
reliable, he scorned to resort to the dextrous artifices now so 
much in vogue to enhance the price of a book ; and modest, 
because he was really learned, he never thrust himself before the 
public or worried reading communities with loud and egotistical 
appeals, from which a true bibliophile would turn with disgust. 

The bibliographies published by Rich are only lists, chiefly 
composed of such works as he had for sale. A number of scarce 
books are inserted at the end of each year, with a star, which is un- 
derstood to mean that some of the works were not in Rich's pos- 
session, but in that of Col. Aspinwall. The first of his catalogues'' 

of bk TiaitB to Parit,-iji 1S33, Col. Atpin- 
waU had printed a luccinct catalogue* of 
his library, which he withheld from circo- 
ladon. Afterwards the collection was in- 
creased threefold, and another catalogue 
floade, but it remained in manuscript. 
This fine library was sent to Boston, and, 
in 1S63, purchased by a gentleman of this 
city Unfortunately thirty-five hundred 
out of nearly four thousand volumes were 
destroyed in the conflagration which con- 
sumed the establishment of Bangs Bro> 
therSyf where the books had been tempo- 
rarily stored afbr their arrivaL Let us 
hasten to say, however, that the gems of 
the coUectbn, which had been sent in ad> 
vance and brought to the mansion of the 
purchaser, were saved, and still giace the 
shelves of the library of the friend to 
whom we dedicate this work. These con- 
sbt in what we consider the first edidon 
of de Cosco*s Latin version of Columbus* 
Eptsde to Raphael Sanchez ; Madrig- 
nano*s and Ruchamer*s translations of Fn- 
cansio da Monulboddo*s Paesi moMomeatt 
rgtr09siii Oruniger*s edition of Waltxe-mul- 
ler*s Cm m tgrmpkis ImtrUmethi an extreme- 
ly fidl and complete Latin Dc Bry ; the 
mmifmis Waymooth and Bereton pamphlets; 
the Earl of Warwick*s large paper copy of 

Smith's Hiifry rf yirgiaiaf an exten- 
sive collection of colonial pamphlets relat- 
ing to New England and Virginia, and a 
number of such works, besides the well- 
known folio volumes of original manu- 
scripts of the seventeenth and eighteenth 

*' jt Oaalopu rf B—h, reUting frmei' 
psUy t9 J§Munea^ srrMged unJir tkt yum 
in wkick thty wtn frimudi Ltndom t O, 
Rickf IS, R*d Utm Sfusrtf 1S32, 109 pp. 

— B—ks rtimthg t9 America^ 1493-1700$ 
SMffiiwuMt^ Svo, 8 pp. 

— B—kinUring t^Amerka^ 1493-1700, 
16 pp. 

— Biblhtkeca Anuricaam Nwtmi •r, m 
eatsltgiu 9fh09kM in vsrimt Ungmsges, re- 
lating t9 America^ printed since tie yesr 
1 700. Compiled principally frem the toerks 
tkemulvet by 0. RicA, ^c, f London t O, 
RicA, 12, Red Lion Square ^ New Yorks 
Harper and BrotAert, 8a Clif Street^ 1835. 

* Catalifiu rf UU$ r$lMimr f Am^rUa in tkt 
nlltcthm tf C*/. A$flmwmll^ Consul tf tht Umifd 
9tMt«t rf Amtrka mt Ltndtm; 8ve, t, n, m. I. 
[Pari*, iSnL pp. 66, 771 nomben. 

t Septeaber rSth, 18(64. 

1 A uamber of chae woriu are dcacribod ia ow 
BmUthttn BmrltwUmaf New York, MDOOOLZIV. 
Sa. Svo, pp. If. Daly four copies printed. 

Digitized by 




contains four hundred and eighty-six books printed before I700| 
and beginning with a Leipsic Vespuccius^ which is not mentioned 
anywhere else. This was followed by two supplements, in which 
we notice the Imago MumU of Alyaco, Lilius' Orbis comperuUo and 
several works on Guaicum wood, none of which are entitled 
to a place in an American library. Three years later. Rich 
published the first volume of his Bibliotbeca Americana Nova^ 
which <¥as completed in 1846. The edition of this valuable 
work was limited to two hundred and fifty copies. The books 
are arranged in chronological order, with a new set of numerals 
for each series, and he does not limit himself to works which 
come to his personal notice, but borrows from Meusel, Warden, 
Kennett, and even Reid's imperfect compilation, indicating how- 
ever, the source. 

The Bibliotbeca of Rich naturally brings to mind the Biblio- 
tb}que Americaine of Ternaux?^. All we could learn 
concerning Henri Ternaux, afterwards called Ter- 
naux-Compans, is that he was once secretary of 
legation^', and that he died in December, 18649^. This pains- 
taking compiler, collector and translator, is said to have been 
the owner of the remarkable library which was sold at auction 


In the copy before ot there it « aecond 
title, at follows t 

— Bihliotkeca Amiricams N^va. A CMis- 
itgM ofb—h ntatimg f America^ im vmHmu 
languagti^ induMng wfogtt f tht Paeijk 
smd R9UHd tht Wvrli^ mmd CotkcttMt rf 
vtyagts snd Trsve/t Printed siwce tkt Tur 
1 700. Oamfiltd printifdUy frtm tk* wrh 
tkemsthfiiy by 0. Rick^ &c.f ^•Z. l, 1701- 
iSoo; L§wd§ii: Ruk and Stns^ la, Rtd 
Lhm SfMsre, 1S46. 8 to, 4 prel. 11. + 404 
+ 93 pp. for Smppltmnt^ dated 1841 ; and 

Vol. II (same title), 1S01-1S44, 411 

** Bih/htJUfme Amiricaims cm Cdtalcgtu 
dii omvrag€i nlati/s i CAmirifiu fui cut 
pMrm depuh ta dec9uverte jusfm*i Pan 1700 
par H. TuMAOX; Paris, m.dccc.xxxtii. 
Svo, viii-4- 191 pp., II 53 numbeif 

** QuitAiD, La FraiKi Lhtirairtf Vol. 

'Xf P- 374. 

** VAPftKBAU, Diethnnsire det Cntim^ 
frmmiy 3d edit. We have vainly searched 
for biographical details concerning Tbk- 
NAOX in the BulUtim dt la Sociiti de Giag^ 
rafkie^ and as late as the nnmber for June, 
1865 (which is the latest we could find in 
the city), there was no mention even of 
his death. Surely this painsttking com- 
piler, who translated and published that 
long series of useful ytysges^ Relaticut tt 
Mimirtt prigimaitx pwr urvir i tHisfirt 
de la Dkwverte de PAmerifue^ and the Ar- 
ekhHi det f^eynget^ deserved at least a pass- 
ing notice We do not know what hat 
been done since in France in this respect, 
but in America we can count on our fingers 
those who know that Ternaux is no longer 
in the land of the living ! 

Digitized by 


Introduction. xxziii 

under tl\e name of RaeCzel in November, 183697} and the fiicr 
is that all the items bearing a date anterior to the year 1700 are 
included in his well-known BihU$tb^que. The latter is a bib- 
liography, comprising a description of eleven hundred and fifty- 
four works, arranged chronologically, and beginning with 
Plannck's corrected edition of Columbus' Letter to Sanchei^. 
The titles are abridged, and followed by a translation into 
French of the truncated titles. Occasionally a note is added, 
which is generally of little value. Many of the workr men- 
tioned had been in Temaux's possession, but we are sorry to 
say that we can cite several which never existed'', and these 
(owing to the untoward circumstance that Ternaux's imaginary 
description of them was copied by all subsequent bibliographers) 
were the cause of a great deal of labor and time wasted on our 
part. These defects render Ternaux's compilation much inferior 
to TromePs, which, for the period it covers, is one of the best 
American bibliographies ever published. 

Paul Tromel, who died lately, was, we are told, one of the 
^ editors of the Serapmm. His BiilioMque^^ gives a 

1861 * description of books collected chiefly by Muller of 
* Amsterdam, and offered for sale by Brockaus of 

" CauUfm in Uvm et wisamteHtg dt Is et notre imi M, Thomas Wright a** pat 

kiUhtkifme d$ fern M. Rjbtsu.; Paris, en plus de sacc^ dans les iiiTestigadoiis 

1536^ Sto, 249 pp. Part rdatmg to qnH a fiutes par loi-m^me ou par sea amis 

America from No. 90S to 2117. dans les bihlioth^oes les plus renommiies 

** Oar No. 4. de LondreSy de Cambridge et d*Oxfbrd. 

" BiMMfut J§mirkmmt^ Nos. iiy 44, Nous n*osons go2re esp^ on meUleor 

47, 47 it*. It seems that we are not this risultat des T^rifications que nous avoos 

ooi^ Yictims of this wild chase after imag- demandto k Vlenne et k Venise.** D*At- 

iaaiy editioiis. A supposed second Tolome bsac, Introdoct. to his Talnable edidon of 

of Ramnsioy dated 1564, which rests dv Plan db CAap»*s Historim Mngm-' 

solely on the aothoritj of Temanz {It, lorwm, in Rtaui/ dt y§y4^tt et de Mh m i res 

eit^ p. 13 repeated in the ilfsaas/ ukd de la SeeVetide GeegrafUe^ Vol. it, p. 435, 

Trher)^ caused this interesting note : nete i. 

**Noas n*ayoiis pa en d^coaTiir on seal *** BlkHeOifme AmMcsiwe, CaUltpu 

caemplaire i Paris, maigr£ des recherches rmitnmi ^ume CeUtethn de Ihnret frkietut 

op ini itft s dans les grandes biblioth^aes et mr tAmirifMe fmrue depme ta J&Mmcitr 

dam les pins riches collections d*amatenn | R] jaufti*^ /*m 1700, em wmte ehtm F, jt 

now n*aToiis pas €tS plos heareux dans le BreekksM i Le^g. Rkdigi far Paul 

dtpowllement dea catalogues des biblio- TafiMU} Leipsg, iS6i» Sto, pp. zi + 

thifOES des prindpalcs nlles de Franc^ 133. 

Digitized by 


xxxiy IntroducHan. 

Leipzig^and contains four hundred and thirty-five items, arranged 
in chronological order, and enriched with notes, extracts and 
minute collations, which betray the hand not only of an expert 
bibliographer, but of a trustworthy scholar. The collection is 
especially rich in books on New Netherland (New York) and 
in Dutch works relating to Brazil. We notice among the 
early rarities, the St. Diey September edition of Waltze-muUer's 
Cosmographia introJsutiOy Ruchamer's translation of the Paesiy and 
a Basle 1532 Novus OrUsy with the map. 

Before mentioning the special bibliographies, it behooves us to 
notice a sumptuously-printed and illustrated descrip- 

J^o^^' tion of several of the earliest and rarest books relating 
to America. This valuable contribution to American 
bibliography forms an appendix to the New York reprint of 
Scillacio's account of Columbus' second voyage'^', and describes 
with extreme minuteness and accuracy our Nos. 19 2, 3, 4, 5, 
6, 8, 9, 15, 16, 19, 36 and 115. 

We are inclined to believe that there are bibliographies of 
local history for all sections of the American continent, as well 
as of the adjacent islands ; but the only ones which have come 
to our notice are, for Paraguay, the small pamphlet prepared 
by Alexander Dalrymple ; for Canada, the Catalogue of Fari- 
bault ; for Cuba, the dissertations of Bachiler; for New Nether- 
land, the essays of G. M. Asher -, for Guyana, 
f A vagour' ^^^ works of Victor de Nouvion**** and of Du 
DA SiLVA. Pare d'Avagour'**^; for Brazil, the important dic- 
AcosTA. tionary of Da Silva'°* j for Nueva-Granada, the 

d'Orbigny. Co^p^^^ of Joaquin Acosta'^J; and for Pau- 

*** Nictlaus SflUeims De InuIitMeridiaui '^ La France rendae JUriuaate par la 

atfoe hdici Marh Nuper Invemtit, IFitk Guyaiu i Paris, 1852, Svo. IJaie Je 320 

a tramilatien inte Englhk by the Rev. John auteun, pp. 40-48. 

M VLLiGAN, A. M. } New York, 1 8 59, fol. >•* DiccioM, hihllegr, frtmg, Bttmd, de Iw- 

and 4to, 105 + lxiii pp., Portrait +i8 fac- hoc. Feanc. da Silta appUcaveh a 9 Pt- 

timilet. ( Privately printed.) tag, e Bratilf Lubva, 1 8 58-62, 7 toIi., Sto. 

'*" Sxtrmtdetauteunetveiyagtunjuient '^ Cmpeudie del deteuhrimienm y nh* 

krh mr la Gayamt^ mM dm Catalegue hib- miuacUn de la Nueva-Grauada em el eigh 

IhgrapUfUi de la Gmyame $ Paris, 1 844, 8 vo. decim0 texto j Paris. 1 848 , 8 to. 

Digitized by 


Introduetum. xxzr 

goiiiay the notices scattered over the great work of Aldde 
D'Orbigny'^. The first four of these deserve an extended 

The history of Paraguay, not only under the domination of 
^ the Jesuits from 1556 to 1767, but from the 

1807 ' ^°^^ when Spain ceded this rich country to Por- 
tugal to the beginning of our century, when it 
was again a Spanish possession, soon to become a republic, 
presents features of uncommon interest. The thin pamphlet 
prepared by Alexander Dalrymple, the well-known En^sh geog- 
rapher, found therefore a ready sale, and is not now easily 
obtained. It is a small catalogue'% devoted exclusively to 
works treating of Rio de la Plau and Paraguay, arranged in the 
order of dates, from 1534 to 1806, with supplements, the last 
of which was published only a few months before Dalrymple's 
death. The list is only Pinelo-Barcia's, enlarged with few 
additions, taken chiefly from Muratori's ^^ Cri$tiamsim9 Felice^ 
and such books as the compiler could find in the British 

'** VBomme jhUricah nwdJiri nms Ut On page Sio : 
rsffrtt ffytititgifmes tt mtrmx i Parii, Hiaptrt piyttfu^ k^momifme ei ptihiftu 

1839, Syo, % ydk + atUt. da P^sgu^ et da itmhlimmiutt du 71- 

Diu Jouoi pKTuifiLOT cttet in hit BH^ mrtet | accmnp^q^ iTmw BlUiigr^fkk | 

Buiiacm BiUhgrmpkka^ p^r L. ArrftSD DnmaATy Tom. i j Pftri^ 

On page 807 s iSoo, large Sto. 

Oftr^- iimfrika Nsek dtM gtgewwirti' On page 812 : 
fcs Z ast S a d em du Lsmdn umd FifSgtf im Be- Hmiti, teg fr§grh^ mm gtvemir^ mm 

wkkmngdtrUidaiOeumewmdhmlmttretaeder mm prkis JkiifHfme mr m e^mtrilmikn^ 

dgmtackem Amtwmudtruwg btmrhHtet «m C /« tixtt dt la cwuadtuthm actmllmimi 

F. RncHAnsr; Brsmmukweig^ 185 1, Sto. em v^memr et mme Mliegrmpkie d'BmUif 

Bmtiilt C ^55-56: Die memere Lherstmr par ALszAifMB Bomnbauj Paiia, 1861, 

iier Cemtrm-jhrnerikM, Die memerem Sekrif- Sto. 
tern mker die Berhimdmt^ der Mdem Ocemme, On page 813 : 

On page 808 : Cmtmlegme ^mm Omte de Livret relmifi 

Wmmdermmgem dmrth die miittel'amerikmm-' i tjSmiriqme et psrtiemliiremeemt omM jimti' 

ieckem Freietemtem Niesragmaf Hemdmrmt mmd fmitie et i PHisteire mstmreUe dm Mheipu | 

Stm Smfvsder. 3£t Bimbrtck mf demteche Paris, 1857, Sto. 

Mmigrmtiem mmddtmttckem Bsmdel^ vem Caml **■ bIm KMne, aber nt nwlklie aad gaoitf. 

SnriaCTt; Brsmmtekweig^ 1857, Sto. Emt- acie Sammlmig too aSo Itir.^* 

kiit C 5lo-l9i: BiUi^apkitekes Ver^ *" CttmUgme ef j^Men wJke imve writ* 

mnektttt der memtrem mmd memettem Werhe tememRsedelaPlstm^Pmr^msf^smdCkmf^ 
mmd MMmmdhmgem Uber die fimf FreistmS' eetteeted iy A. DAUTicrLB} London, 1 807- 
tem Cemtrsl'AmuriAms, . 8, 410, 17 + 3 + 2 pp. 

Digitized by 




George Barthelemy Faribault, an attorney at Quebec, pub- 

lished in 1837, a catalogue in three parts***, giv- 

o ' ing, in alphabetical and chronological orders, a 

list of works, clipped chiefly from booksellers* 

catalogues, and enriched with notes borrowed from Pinkerton, 

La Richarderie, and Michaud's Biographie UniverselU. The first 

two parts contain nine hundred and sixty-nine articles, the third 

is devoted to maps and plans. Judging from the sign affixed to 

the titles, and indicating that the works are, or were, in the 

library to which Faribault had access, not one tenth of the 

books described seem to have been examined by the author. 

The list abounds in errors of all kinds'^. 

To New Yorkers, G. M. Asher's series of memoirs on 
Dutch books relating to New-Netherlands"** is 
a very valuable compilation. It was under- 
taken for Frederick MuUer, the Amsterdam 
bookseller, and compiled chiefly from works which he had for 
sale at the time ; but, owing to a quarrel between the compiler 
and his employer, the series never was completed. Although 
the section relating to maps and charts bears on the cover the 



'*" C^taitgue d*0M%fn^et smr tkittoire de 
rAmirtfut^ et en pMrticmlier utr eelU Ju Cf- 
mmJs, de ia L^mhiiuie, de PAcadie^ et mutret 
/ieMXf ci'devatit commu sous le nom de Nem- 
'oelU'Wramce ; avec des motes bihliograpk' 
iftuSf critifueSf et Utteraires. • Eu Trois Par- 
ties, Redigi par O. B. Faribault, Avo^ 
est} Quebec, 1837, Svo, 207 pp. 

'^* At an instance: 

« 18. Anciadelo (Jkan Marie) Le 
Nouveau-Monde, nouvellement d^ouvert 
par Americ Vespuce: (en Italien.) 15 19; 

in-4. Sans lieu dMmprcMion On a 

public une traduction latine de cet ouTrage, 
mais on n*a pu en d^ouvrir la date ni le 
lieu d*impression ; en voici le titre : 

'19. — - Mundus-NoTus ; de natura, mori- 
bus et ceteris iitius generis gentiumquc in 

Novo-Mundo autore Americo 

Vespucio, i«-i6. 

15. Ancniera. De Rebus Oceanit et 

Orbe Novo, Decades tres : Bale, 1516, 
1590; Paris, 1532, in-4. >53^» in-fbl. 

373. Las Casas. Brevhsiwta relaehn ; 
Seville, 1532, in-4," *c., &c. 

These errors can be traced to Bovcibr 
DE LA Richarderie. 

"* Pretpectus of a Bihliegrapkiesi and 
Historical Essay on the Dutch books and 
Pamphlets relating to New-Netherlaud^and 
to the Dutch West-India Company^ as alto 
on the Aiaps^ Charts^ &c, of New-Nether- 
land. Compiled from the Dutch public and 
private libraries, and chiefly from the col- 
lection of Mr, Frederick MuHer in Amster- 
dam, By G. M. AsHER ; Amsterdam and 
New York, 1854. 

\* 4to, pp. 120 4- 2 11. for additions -f 
a large map of the country + i 1. for title 
of A List of The Maps and Charts of New 
Netherland -*- 20 pp. + 12 11. for List of 

Digitized by 




title of Parts IVth and Vth, Part IV is still in manuscript, in 
the possession of M. Muller. As far as the compilation ex- 
tends, it must be considered a bibliographical contribution of 
great merit and usefulness. In consequence of the compiler's 
extreme unpopularity, his publications are frequently assailed ; 
but we have only to judge a work on its merits, and freely 
confess that bibliophiles must go as far back as Camus to find 
a bibliography which can fiivorably compare with M. G. M. 
Asher's Essay. 

As the compiler had access to the Dutch public and private 
libraries, it is, however, surprising that he should have com- 
menced the list with de Laet's Nieuwe Werelit. There are 
works relating to New-Netherland of an earlier date. As far as 
we can ascertain, the first book of this character is the supple- 
mentary volume of Emanuel Van Meteren's history of the 
Netherlands"^ which was published in 1611, and contains the 
first account that appeared in print of Hudson's vo)rage for 
the East-India Company. Mr. Asher alto omits the Hudson 
tract of 16 1 2"* and its Latin editions"^ There are several 
more omissions of the same character, which we leave to those 
who devote themselves to the bibliography of this section of the 
country to point out. The reader, however, is doubtless aware 

"' Bttgitcke 0r NeJtrlanttch (hrhftu 
emA GescAiedemissem b^immtmJe vam^t jmr 
1595 M 1 61 1, mede nftmrsuudt enigke gt' 
hmrem ksmJtlimf^ke, Btsckrevtn d^orfMAH" 
oxL Van MrrsKmir. Bij hem V09r d» Inu 
rtjH 99erne verhetert eadt ^terwuerdert ma 
die cefie gedrmeh ep SdetUut hmjten Demp- 
wyck by Hemes vsm Levem, Vew deu 
Ankemr Amu» 1611. 

\* 4tOy tine leee (Dordrecht?), 360 
numb. U. black Lrrmt. 

"* BetcJkryvimgAe ^em der Semeyedeu 
iMadiinTMrtarien, Nieulijch ewder^t ghehiedt 
der M»KentUm gekrackt. Wt de RmsKJke 
tale evergJkesetf Aane 1609. 3tet eeu vtfr- 
kml vsM de eftoeeldmgk ende eatdeekitige vaw 
de miemwe demrgatig efte ttraet int Neerd- 
tvMrs ns de Ryckem van Ckiita ende Catkmy. 

Ende een Mtmeriael^ gefretenteert nrnn den 
Cenii^k vaw Sfnengien^ keUmghende de emt' 
deekinge ende gkel^kenkeyt nmnU Lnndgke- 
nsemt jtnstrniim Incegnitn, t* Anuterdnm by 
Heuei GerHtm. Beeekvereeoper, §pt Wn- 
ier^ inde Pn$enertf Anne 161 2. 

*M* 4to, 40* PP*+3 «n*pt. 

"' Amtterdamy 1612; 4(0, 46 pp. +3 
inapt; and tame place, 161 3, 4(0, 44 pp. 
+ 4 mapt, text entirely re-written. 

We borrow theae titlet from the Hon. 
HtNaT C. MoapNT*t extremely intereatinf 
and valuable : 

Henry Hndeen im Helland, An hfniry 
into the origin andebjeets eftke ^foynge wbitb 
led te the diecevery of the Hnien River, 
With bibliogrnpkicni netes. The Hague, 
1S59, Sto, pp. 72. (Privately printed.) 

Digitized by 




that to study the early history of New*Netherland, it is neces- 
sary to go beyond the Dutch books, and commence even with 
Lrescarbot and the relation of Lord Delaware. The field is ex- 
tensive, and let us hope that one of the three New York bibli- 
ophiles who possess in their libraries all the works relating to the 
subject, will till it to the satis&ction of scholars and historians. 
The bibliography by Sefior Bachiler y Morales"^ is a kind of 
appendix to a series of contributions to the literary 
1861 *** history of Cuba, describing a number of works pub- 
lished in the island from the time of the introduction 
of printing thither to the year 1840. The earliest work bears 
the date of 1724"', but it seems that there is a Havana impres- 
sion of 1720"^ As to the assertion of Ambrosio Valiente"^ 
that printing was first introduced in Santiago de Cuba as early 
as 1698, we apprehend that no Cuban book of the seventeenth 
century can be produced. 

Dr. Hermann £• Ludewig, a Dresden jurist who emigrated 
to America in 1844, where he resided until his death 
in 1856, prepared soon after his arrival a bibliog- 
raphy'** of works relating to each Sute and Terri- 
tory in the Uiiion. The titles are arranged by states, counties 
and towns, with references to historical collections, numbering 
about fourteen hundred volumes, which belong chiefly to the 
present century. It was this useful work which prompted the 
publication by Norton of a series of local bibliographies, of which 



'** Apiuitet pan la Hktoria de las Le- 
tras, y de la Inttrncdon publics de la Itla 
de Coba. Por Antonio Bachillbb t Mo- 
■Auu$ Habana, iS6i, Sto, Part m, pp. 

"' Jdtrift fu* Am jmtttfkaJ» y fnksd* 
elLdff, D, Jtmumh de mum^ &c. ; AtvamSf 
bmfrtntm it Carht Hahri^ 410. 

*'* ''he adquirido castialmeiite on im- 
preao que parece de 1720 . . . et una carta 
de etdavitud k la. Virgen SantUima del Ro- 
•ario, fin nombre de impretion.** j^mtes f 

p. 121, MHt, 

"' ** Introduccion de la imprentay 169S. 
— Introdocete la imprenta en etta ciodad, 
primera que le establece en la bla.** TaUa 
Crwifligicm de /m nue»i $ecmrHd$s en la em' 
dsd de &mHag0 de Qthsf New York, 
iSc3, lamo, p. 30. 

"' TAe literature 0/ Ameriean local Hit" 
fry I a hibliegrapkieal essay^ by Hbbmann 
£. LoDiwio ; New York, mocccxlti, 8 to, 
XZ+ 180 pp. Firtt Suppleauat extracted 
from The Literary Werld^ (at Feb. 19th, 
1848; Sto, pp. ao. Relates ezduiiTcly 
to New York. 

Digitized by 




we have seen only the Bibliographies of New Hampshire"^ and 
Maine»°. Mr. J. R. Bartlett's elaborate Bibliography of Rhode 
Island'" shows how wide a field local bibliography offers to 
painstaking bibliographers. His catalogue, which gives a list of 
the works relating to one of the smallest Sutes in the Union, 
and which was a wilderness a couple of centuries ago, fills not 
less than two hundred and eighty-seven octavo pages. The de- 
scriptions were all made from the original works, which are, 
without any exception, in private libraries in Rhode Island. 
The earliest book mentioned is Hakluyt, on account of Vem- 
zano's description of Narragansett Bay. 

As Dr. Ludwig justly remarked ^^ Exotic languages are no 

longer considered as mere matters of curiosity, but 
i8a8 * ^^ looked upon as interesting parts of the natural 

history of man, and as such receive their share of 
the brilliant light which modern critical studies have shed upon 
the natural sciences in general.'' No other reason need be 
adduced for including in our list his enlarged edition'** of that 

"• By S. C EAvniAiff, in N»rtnCt Littr- 
Mty Ltmr§ New Series, 1S60, No. x, pp. 

* By W1U.XAM Wiuit, 1S59, pp. II- 


There are other bibliognphiet of this 
character, but they seem to be scattered in 
reriewt or newspapeis. We notice the fol- 

BiUkgrafa Odifimksf fr, Nwft ami 
MmtriMt f idd h/onmiag m wurt fnfmt 
BiUiogritffy tf tkti C9uiUrie» atuieuify 
ealUd ** Cmiifi^imy** amd fyiwg vritkiu tk$ 
SaUts •f iU Gmif tf Otrtn f tke ^etic 
Sess M Wui If tkt MtoeJ^ Mmmtsim u 
tke Fmnfc €ktmm^ by A. S. Tayloi. (^- 
rjMMM Dmiy Uwkn^ for June 151!^ 1863.) 

— Continoation (copyright^, same 
newspaper for Marcb 13, 1866. The com- 
piler states that he made use of two cata- 
logues in the SacrtamnH Umiom of May, 
1858, in the Hn-MlJ of Jane, 1858, and 
of a partial catalogue of works on the 
Pacific Ocean, in the Ppfywesiam news- 
paper of Joly^ 1844- The references in 

Mr. Taylor*s •* BMurra/a'* to works pub- 
lished in the last fifty years, are useful $ 
but as regards the sixteenth and seven* 
teenth centuries, the compilation is of no 
Talue whatever. It is evident that the 
compiler has only an inadequate notion of 
the works which he jumbles together. 
Nothing worth preserving will ever be 
accomplished in bibliography so long as a 
pair of scissors is deemed die only requisite 
to prepare what Mr. Tkylor calls a ** Bik' 

— DncrifthM Cmmhgui rf Histtrksi 
Rtfiremees t§ tk» Vtlky 9/ the Miuimffi^ 
by J. M. Pick. (Ameriesm Pietmr, Cin- 
cinnati, Vol. nj, pp. i6»-9, 3i4r-323). 
Begins with De &te in English translations. 

'*' mUiegrtpky ef JUede IsUmd. A 
eMMiegue ef Beeh mtd ttJker PmhiksiiMt 
relatng te the State efRkede Jtlsmd^ with 
nteiy histeriesif hiegrsphicsl emd eritiea/f 
Providence, 1864, Ivo. 

'** The Literature of American Aborig- 
inal Languages. By HxaftiAMM E. Lodwig. 
With additions and corrections by Professor 

Digitized by 


xl IniroJucHoH. 

part of Vater's Linguarum totius orUs ituUxy which treats of 
American languages. It is an extremely valuable compendium, 
giving the titles of the grammars and lexicons devoted exclu- 
sively to the aboriginal idioms, with copious references to the 
works which treat of the subject incidentally. Not less than 
nine hundred tribes are represented in this curious collection, 
with a corresponding number of bibliographical authorities ; yet, 
if we may be permitted to judge from the annotated copy which 
our friend Dr. Berendt is preparing for the press. Dr. Ludwig's 
work does not cover the whole ground, nor is it free from 
mistakes and important omissions. Withal, it must be consid- 
ered a compilation of unusual interest. 

The works of Messrs. E. G. Squiers and Schoolcraft belong 
to this class of bibliographies. The first of these'^ 

^x ' is a brief account of one hundred and ten authors 
who wrote on the languages of Central America, 
followed by a list of books and MSS. relating wholly or in part 
to the history, aborigines and antiquities of Central America. 
The biographical notices are extracted from the BihUoUca of 
Beristain, while many of the titles are derived not from an 
examination of the works themselves, but from the notices in 
Ramesal, Vasquez, CogoUudo, Villagutierre, De Souza, and 
similar sources. 

As to Schoolcraft's'*^ list, it is limited to the works composed 

and printed in the languages of the Indians, 

« " which were preserved in the Department of the 

Interior at Washington, and simply with the 

Wm. W. Tobmbs. Edited by Nicolas 
TsCbmkb. (PBrt I of << Tnkutr*i Bihlh- 
tkua OUitka**\ } London, moccclvui, 8?o, 

'** Mnugra^A ^fAKthnrt wJk§ Aavi writ- 
ttm M the L^igMOgti tf CiMtrsl jhuric^ 
and e$tttctid vHshmlsriet or em»fmd workt 
m tk» usHw JUltcu tf tkat emntry f New 
York, ii^.cocLZi, 4tO| pp. zr + 53 + 1^ 
fcr appendix and index. 

TrsnslsHtu oftJU Scriftmret, 4m4 tktr pwh- 
iitMhms in the Inimm Tiiiua •/the United 
StMtesf wit A krief eriticml netieeu By H. 
R. ScuooLCBArr; Washington, 1849, Svo, 
pp. 18 'y afterwards reprinted with additions 
in Hitterie, amd Ststist, JmfirwtaHem retffct^ 
inf the Hist, ^c. eftht Indiem Ttihety Ofr. | 
Philad., 1851, 4to» Vol. IT, p. 523, se. 
We most also call the attention or our 

Digitized by 


Intr$dHeti9n. xli 

▼iew of obcaining information to render the inquiry more com- 

We know of several other catalogues, some of which are 
ezdunvdy composed of American books, while a certain num- 
ber, although covering the entire field of history and literature, 
contain many valuable titles ; but they are chiefly lists prepared 
by booksellers'% or catalogues of sale^, and to notice them 
all would so enlarge the scope of our work as to remind the 
reader of a certain verse of Juvenal'% which, we greatly appre- 
hend, will be uttered at all events. Several extensive collections, 
such as the Seripi$res Or£fus AUn^rum of Wadding, the Scrips 
tmres Or£ms PraScaUntm of Quetif and Echard, the curious 
compilation of Stoecklein*^, the dictionaries of Philip Alegambe, 
Nathaniel Southwell*^, Foppens, Nichohs Antonio, Barbosa 

readcn to a amaU wmk In coone of pub- ChStwIck, 1S54, Sro^ oolj two nombtn 

BcaBoii, wUch pfomitet to be • Tilmhle wtri pwblhhod. Thai cover 96 poftty 

additioii to co m ptrati fe PhOology, «!■• 1 Saving • avmbtr of titlet in dphabcdol 

w mm tmii w g % 4r t uth tr u em oHer, with mlniite cnllatiooty a map ud 

OM fmrs M 
LemgmsM imjgtmmt dt .<4rfrfrg, /ar JoAqpni 

Qaboa IcAnALOTA | Utodoo, 1S66, >** The BiUktktcs H»k«risms aad the 

iiBio % aad to OouftaaTanz (Pariiy 1783)9 Hibbeft, Moa- 

— Nukim d$ kifirmammmt km eterin SAu (Loodoa, 1851)9 aad Botsch (Avfi- 

i fmkBesdt mbptmm eirm mtn iSmmm fat bug, 1858) catalogaei preaeat ftatwet of 

IT imhimm gm b MtfmUkm [Dt iAMk$\ftr great iatereit ia this icipect. Vol. to of 

Da. Joaa OvAAALvra Ronno^ hi AMe the MihBtiktes TUuimmm coataiai leireral 

dt u StemfdrnJ Mm. ir Guifr. Vet Till, titleiofeitieaidy rare worlct,amoag which 

186s, pp. 374^86. a SfUmk (p. %%%). 

Ako to the ftUoirfagy althoagh It re- >*' ^Scriptot et ia tergo aecdam fiaitoi 

laiea chieflf to the hittory or maaaen of Orattn." Atfpr. i. 6. 

the la^aas s *** M MlmUm k nikmngf «m irr Af? jdb- 

CmimbgmM tf iki Fri94it9 Likrmy ff Bmm- msrih itr QntUuh^t yemf Augtbarg^ 

m/ O. Drmki^ tf Bt$m, eJMfy rtUmr m 17269 hU Vdk i-zzzii. 

tkt AmOf^tkt, mmry mmd BhgMfSf $f >» BAlktktes ScHfttr, Sk. Jem § 

Jmtrkst mmd ht mm afteiml mtmmmer t§ m ] 

JmMam^ €§ikettd mmd mmd hy khm im /r»- of aot leM thaa %%yt aothon. Bot all 

fmHmg AU W^mrkt mpmm tkt Mm^hrn ef thcie Uhliographica of Jesuit writen have 

Amtrkm § BeatoOy 18459 Zro, beea raperMded 1^ the following, which ii 

*** The feOowiag fiom a New Engjaad firanght with reliable aoticei, both bio- 

ki?4rtflltf aettled ia Loadoa, ii priated graphical aad bibliographical s 

with f rm a rk F**'*' ^ g « >*^y » Hititrkml Nmg* Avaomm bt Alon db Backsbj MH- 

gmlMtimiAMsAmKrkmmm9rmdtKrifthH IhMfmi dtt Berfmrnht dt Im Cmft^it dt 

mummwfmn tmUuHm •/ rmr$ Ma rJm^wg Jhrnt^ m Nwtiat MihUtgrmfJkifmu dt tmt 

m Amerks | Hmar Sravsm o m a f • a1 2w mivrmgi$ pmhiih fmr its mumAru^ Sbc^ 

Loadoo, MDoocLxn, laaio, lii + 805 pp. U^ i8<39 large Svo. We kaow of six 

in two ▼oia j ^934 itent, with prices. series9 each one forming a complete collec- 

Of Suwuu** Jbmsrkmm BikHirmpkir^ tioa arraaged ia alphabetical order. 


Digitized by 





Machado and Fabricius, as well as the Annales of Maittaire and 
Panzer, describe a great many works relating to the New World, 
but as they are not grouped in a separate division, we do not 
include them in this list, although the reader will find in the 
following pages frequent references to those valuable collections. 
But there is a series of dissertations which all American bib- 
liographers and historians should constantly keep 
at their elbow. It is the Examen Critique^^ of Hum- 
boldt. This noble work, which we consider the 
greatest monument ever erected to the early history of this con- 
tinent, is, despite a few immaterial errors'^', a sure guide, which 
has proved to us an inexhaustible source of valuable suggestions. 
The bibliographical notes contained in the Examen are not, we 
confess, in keeping with the learned and profound dissertations 
which we can never cease to admire, but there is scarcely a 
page which does not throw a vivid light upon every question 
connected with the geography, discovery and history of America. 
We regret to say that the manuscript additions which were to 
complete the work are, owing to the culpable remissness of 
a certain American bookseller in London, probably lost. If so, 
it is the greatest misfortune which could befall the student of 
American History'^*. 

'** Examen Critiftu de PHisuire d» U 
GiogrmpkU dm Nomveam Continent et dei 
Prcgris de Pjistrenemie Nnrntione nm S^in- 
menu et Sehuhne Siec/etf Pans, 1836-39, 
Syo, 5 vols., with sections of the La Com 
map. Dedicated to Aeaoo. 

The Histeire de U Giegrapkie dm Nen" 
nream Continent^ &c., Paris, n. d. b only 
composed of the unsold sheets of the 
above, bound in two volumes, with a new 
title-page, and an introduction of four 
pages, but without the sections of the La 
Cota chart, which in this new issue are 
replaced by two well-executed maps of 
this continent. 

*" For instance, he 611s into the error 
of Capmnani, Salaxar, Zach and others, 
who give the title of Raymond Lully*s 

Libre Felix 6 maravi/las del nMnde^ as Rl 
Fenix de las maravillat del mnnde. See 
D*AvKSAC, Bnlletin de la Soeiete de Giegr, 
for October, 1857. 

>** Our readers are doubtless aware that 
the most important cartographical monu- 
ment concerning the New World b the 
manuscript chart of Juan de la Cosa, an 
extremely sitillful pilot, who accompanied 
Columbus in hb second voyage. Thb 
map, which bears the inscription **Jnem 
de la Cesa la jime en el pnerte de Sta Maria 
en alio de 1500,** was dbcovered in 1831, by 
Humboldt, in the library of WAiXKN/sa, 
and b now in the Royal Library of Mad- 
rid, having been purchased by the Queen 
of Spain for 4020 francs, or about the 
tenth part of the sum which certain Amer- 

Digitized by 





The bibliographies which we have just described contain a 
mention, more or less succinct, of nearly all the works relating 
to America, known at the present day ; and whatever may be 
their incompleteness or imperfections, they must be considered 
a source of indispensable references. But it is a question 
whether, as a whole, these bibliographical repertories are ade- 
quate to the wants of the student of history. Could we boast 
of exhaustive historical compositions, delineating in a critical 
manner the annals of every section of this country, and pre- 
paratory to a comprehensive history of the entire continent, the 
necessity for a complete and trustworthy Bibliotbeca Americana 
would still be felt. But it must be confessed that we possess 

kan collectors have frequently offered for 
a Dt Bry^ which, as a work of reference, 
is totally worthless. De la Cosa^s chart 
has been publbhed several times, but never 
described or annotated. Humboldt prom- 
ised to do so. **Je n'^anticiperai pas/* 
said he,* "sur les renseignements plus 
amples que je dois donner sur la personne 
de Juan de la Cosa, en dicrivant, dans la 
troisime tuthn de cet oavrage, la mappe- 
monde de ce cclebre navigateur.** That 
third section never was published ; but 
after Humboldt^s death, his library (which 
was composed of presenution copies of 
iDodem works) was found to contain a set 
of the five volumes of the first issue of 
the Sxametif which the compiler of the 
catalogue^ described as <* having numerous 
oMnuscript additions in the autograph of 
the author, who evidently contemplated a 
supplementary volume.** This assertion is 
confirmed by the following note in the 
CumoM :X ^ I here give the principal re- 

• Examtu Critifue, VoL III, p. l8). 
t TJu HnmMdt Likrary / London, i86{, 8vo, 
illd^itcfiM, No. 46J8. 
I Boha*s cdk., Vol. II. p. 631. 

suits which are contained in the sixth 
(still unpublished) volume of my Exmmem 
Critique.''* Steps were immediately taken 
to purchase this valuable set, with the 
view of translating the work into English, 
and of adding biographical and bibliograph- 
ical annotations, which are now embodied 
in the present Bibliptktca Americana Ve^ 
tMstissima. The order came too late, as 
the set had already been bought by a gen- 
tleman of this city. Unfortunately, the 
work was not delivered at the time of the 
purchase. Three years have now elapsed, 
and Humboldt*8 supplementary volume to 
the Examen Critique is still missing. It u 
not even known what has become of 
those precious additions, which no work, 
as yet written, could possibly replace, and 
without which the early history of Amer- 
ica can be only imperfectly studied and 
analyzed. We sometimes hear the name 
of that bookseller praised ; but let the 
reader imagine the bibliopoles employed 
by PsiRBsc, for instance, guilty of such 
gross negligence, what calamities would 
the historian of Science and Literature 
have to record ! 

Digitized by 


xliv Introductkn. 

no compositions of this character. True it is that we find here, 
in ahnost every household, works which purport to enlighten 
us concerning the past of several American nations. Some of 
these display great talents and still greater imagination ; others 
exhibit style and research; while one, which is perhaps the 
most common of all, is only a fulsome pan^ric, pandering to 
the inordinate vanity of a certain political party once in the 
ascendant, and bidding for the author's personal promotion to 
lucrative office. Who can say that thes^ works will maintain their 
present place for any length of time ? History with us, then, still 
presents an open field ; and although the republics and empires 
now in existence on this continent do not ofier a grateful theme 
for historical compositions, as they have not yet passed through 
all the phases which must ever constitute the elements of every 
history, there are epochs already completed which await the 
labors of historians. We allude, among other subjects, to a 
history of the rise, decline and fidl of the Spanish Empire in the 
New World. 

The first requisite in the preparation of works of this character 
consists of a bibliography, which is to the historian what a chart 
is to the mariner*''. The question then naturally recurs. What 
books should enter into this bibliography ? It would seem, at 
the first glance, that the lists should be confined to works 
relating exclusively to America. But such a limitation would 
compel us to thrust out of the repertory many works which 
are of paramount importance to the American historian. For 
instance, in the correspondence of Peter Martyr')^, there are 
eight hundred and sixteen letters, but we can find only thirty 
which relate to the New World ; the Polyglot Psalter of Gius- 
tiniani''' is a huge folio containing in all no more than four 

in M poft bibliochecariot tcriptocci Teai- grioatimi. MoMorr, Pa/jri/jMr, Lib. i, 

ant oitalogorum tcripcoret, qvorom acca- ctp. zrniy Vol. i, p. 196 of FabrkiiM* edit, 
rador nodtia ita neceMaria est polyhiftoriy *** No. 160. 
vt mappanim geographicaniiD cognitio pere- '** No. 8S kit. 

Digitized by 


ImroJucthn. xlv 

columns which historians of the New World need to con- 
sult I nearly one half of the celebrated collection of Fracanzio da 
Montalboddo*'^, with its numerous train of editions'^^ and trans- 
lations''*, is devoted to Africa and Asia; onlj one volume in 
the Racc9lia of Ramusio refers exclusively to America. Yet 
every one of these works (and there are many more of the same 
kind) is indispensable to the student of American history. On 
the other hand, to admit every book which contains a passage 
or chapter concerning the subject before us, especially among 
those published within the last three centuries, would compel 
the bibliographer to insert the titles of more than fifty thousand 
volumes. Yet, the wants and duties of the historian are such 
that he cannot n^ect to consult every source of information, 
however apparently insignificant. The early history of any 
ccmntry, the ^ origins," as French writers would say, generally 
present but scanty materials, scattered in the works not only of 
annalists and historians, but of orators, poets and commentators ; 
and althou^ the discovery of this continent is comparatively a 
modem event, we often find in mere glosses and incidental 
notices which are buried in bulky chronicles and miscellaneous 
collections, valuable details which have been omitted in the 
compositions of contemporaneous historians. But as there must 
be a limit to detaUed bibliographies, we are inclined to confine 
such a particular list to the books published during the century 
which followed the first voyage of Columbus — excluding all 
^ inferential" works. 

We apply the term ^* inferential" to such volumes, for instance, 
as are labeled *^ Aljraco." This name designates the treatise De 
Imapm MumUj written in 1410 by Cardinal Pierre D'Ailly. It 
is evident that a work which was printed in 1490''' cannot 
contain anjrthing relating directly to America ; and if such a 
prominent phce is given to the book, it is simply because 

»" No. 4S. *" N«. 57, 5«, 83, «4. 86, 1 1 1. 

"•» Not. 55, 70* 9<>. 94» «09- "• '>^^ P- 5» »<*« 6"- 

Digitized by 


xlvi Introducticn. 

Christopher Columbus cites it frequently, and probably derived 
from its numerous references to the old authors the notion of 
the existence, not of this continent, for Columbus, like Ves- 
puccius, died in the belief that he had only discovered the 
Western coast of Japan'**, but of a direct passage to the West. 
The treatises of D' Ailly, however, are not the only works which 
he repeatedly consulted, cited and annotated. It is known, 
at present, that the frequent references to Aristotle, Seneca, 
Strabo, &c., with which the third letter of Columbus'^' is 
studded, were communicated to the Admiral by Father Gor- 
ricio'^; but we have published in another work'^', photographic 
copies of annotations in the hand of Christopher Columbus, 
written on the margin of the works of ^neus Sylvius'^ and of 
Marco Polo'^'. If we insert the Imago Mundi^ there is no 
reason why we should omit II Milione. We know of an Amer- 
ican library which, on the recommendation of Rich'^, seciu'ed 
Zachary Lilio's Orbis breviarum^^^ simply because it ^^ showed 

*** Db Lavmoi, Rtgii Navmrgt Gym- y noevo Testamento reUtivo* al dcKubri- 

mmui P£riiientis Hitt§naf Paris, 1677, 410, miento del nuevo mundo y reconquista de 

Vol. II, p. 478. la Tierra Santa, ademas varias autoridades 

'*' The epistle of Columbus describing de Santos Padres, temtencias JiJiUsofos sohre 
his third Toyage* contains a passage cover- tl mism^ asmnto y los c61ebres versos de la 
ing nearly two pages, literally translated tragedia Medea de Seneca lenient annis^ 
from the Itmago Mundi;\ itself, plagiarized tec** — Letter from SeAor Lkmandex, the 
from the Oput AUjus of Roaii Bacon, librarian of the Colombina, kindly corn- 
See Humboldt, Bxamtn Criiifuif Vol. i, municated by the Duke Db MoNTPBNSiBa. 
p. 65, sf., and Hitfrie del Ftrnando Cb- *** Notes on C»lumbu$j New York, 1866, 
lemboi Venice, 1571, 8vo, cap. vn, viii, folio, p. 215, tq. 
IX, pp. *** Historia rerum uhique gettarumf emm 

14S M mm mn««»rva «n l« R!hlinf«(^ Colnm. lararMtm AetrTittttamg mam £m!fm JltiM miimar 

t <« se conserva en la BiblioCeca Colom- loeorum 4e$criptione nomfiuita, jtsis 1 

bina un codice autografb de D. Cristobal incipiti Venice, 1487, folio. 
Colom ; contiene su correspondenda con el '*' Judging from the Larin dtle in Se&or 

Padre Gorricio, monge cartujo en el mo- Lemandex* letter, the Mano Polo used by 

nasterio de Sta Maria de las Cuevas de Se- Columbus was the edition supposed to have 

villa, una multidud de textos del antiguo been printed at Antwerp towards the year 

1484, by Gerard de Leew, which is de- 

* Navanete, C./m/«, Vol. i. pp. 060-161. *^;^^^ »?» /*>« >»J»^ Catalogue for 1859 

t Cap.8, IdL II in liniat. b. The C»hmhins (No. 1561) as follows: Marct pMult de 

copy of the Imat* Mundi contains, as Humboldt vemecih Liker de eoutuetudinibus et eondi' 

Maiuaire {jinnml. 7>^r., VoL ir, p. 81, No. 44, <. A «• a, 

and of Pauxer (jtrntat, T9^^,.VcL ix, p. i^ >«• Supplement, p. I, id item. 

Wo. 109) the Loovain edition, which acconnts for 14T in«JL«,^ •< a.»» e.t»t.:. ^ «.«ww. 

ColamS4s* fh»iieut refeiences to the worlu of the Florence •'Anno Salutis M.cccc- 

CbanceUor of the Unirenity of Paris. LXXXXm. Nonts lumis.** 

Digitized by 


Introduction. xlvii 

the condition of geographical knowledge immediately before 
the first voyage of Columbus." But Columbus's original observa- 
tion of the declination of the compass^, and his application of 
this important fact to find the longitude of the vessel'^, have 
produced almost as great a change in the science of magnetics 
and the art of navigation, as his discovery of the New World in 
geography. Must we, therefore, add to our list the early works 
quoted in the curious dissertation of Trombelli de Acus nautica 
inventore^^? No American collection is considered complete 
unless it contains all the editions of Ulrich von Hutten's quaint 
treatise De guaiaci meSctna et morbo gallico. Some collectors 
place the book in their library because they are of opinion that 
it contains proofs that the Morbus gallicusy so called, came ori- 
ginally from America. We only find in that too highly prized 
and priced volume that the author of the work, who was born in 
1488, inherited the disease firom his father'''. Other biblio- 
philes purchase the volume for the reason that it describes for 
the first time a medicament of American origin; but this is 
equally true of quinine, sarsaparilla, and a number of other 
medicinal plants, which would entitle all the early dispensatories, 
from Le Myrouel des appothicaires pharmacopoUs downward, to a 
prominent place in our bibliography. Several enthusiastic bib- 
liophiles go even so fiir as to say that the works which contain 
an early mention of any substance essentially American, such, 
for instance, as cotton, cocoa, as well as guiacum wood — not to 
speak of Indian corn and potatoes — should be represented in a 
Bibliotheca Americana. If this is the case, we must make room 
for King James' Covnterblaste to Tobacco^ and for the treatise in 
which Leon Pinelo agitates for the first time the momentous 

'*" On the 13th of September, 1491, '** apud de Bowniemi uientiarum In- 

daring hit first tniniatlantic voyage, Cf, sdtmf atqme AcademU commemtarii } Bo- 

Ooliunbai's log book, abridged by Las logna, 1731-91, 410, Vol. 11, Part in, 

CMat, apod Natarksts, d/cr^/M, Vol. i, p. 313. 

^ 0, «f. *•' Of tki W99i etdUd Gviacmm, tkai 

'^ Humboldt, Exsmtm Critiqui Vol. kealetk the French Poettesf London, 1536, 

11I9 p. 38. i6mo, pp. 4 and 6. 

Digitized by 


xlviii Introduction. 

question whether Catholic priests can eat chocobue on a Friday, 
and yet save their souls from perdition'^. 

As a compensation for excluding these works, we insert all 
the editions of the Latin and Italian translations of Ptolemy's 
Geography. A map is frequently of more importance to ascer- 
tain the extent of a maritime vojrage or discovery, than the most 
perfect description ; and although we are convinced that all the 
charts of the New World, from Ruysch's'^ to Mattiolo's'», can 
be traced to one or two prototypes only, they present so inter- 
esting a survey of the progress of cartography and of geographical 
knowledge during the first half of the fifteenth century, that we 
have taken pains to describe all the editions which contain such 
maps and the chapter ^^ Extra Pt$Um€um^* which, as the reader 
is doubtless aware, became the nucleus around which were 
gathered the results of all subsequent investigations of a geo- 
graphical character'''. 

In arranging or classifying these works, the only object which 
must be kept in view, is the convenience of the inquirer \ unfor- 
tunately, we know of no classification or arrangement which is 
entirely satisfiictory. The alphabetical method brings in juxta- 
position the most heterogeneous works. The classification ac- 
cording to subjects is more or less arbitrary, while it compels 
the bibliographer to insert the same book in five or six diflFerent 
classes, as a great many of the early works relating to America 
treat of a variety of subjects. The disposition according to the 
order of time presents certain advantages, but it is also defective, 
as a work written, for instance, in 1493, ^^ ^^ Spanish letter of 
Columbus (No. 7), must be placed under the year 1865, when 
it was first published ; while if we only adopt the date of its 
composition, bibliographiadly speaking, the arrangement is en- 
tirely useless. On the other hand, each of these modes has its 

>»• fiictfJM MifW d d ehteOm fM- >•• No. 56. (In the FttUmj of 150S.) 
kTSMtsTiiymm teittlmdn | liidrK 1636^ »« No. ^5. 
410. *** See iMjrs^ p. 107, «f. 

Digitized by 


Iniroducikn. xlix 

merits, and, nothwithstanding the perplexity which arises from a 
multiplicity of indices, we think that these three systems might 
be adapted to a comprehensive bibliography, in this wise : The 
works arranged chronologically according to the order of their 
publication ; then two separate indices, one of names exclusively ; 
the other, a classified index, setting forth under special heads all 
the subjects mentioned, for example, in the B^tmm of Leon 

The works should be described with extreme minuteness and 
accuracy. The title of a book frequently conveys the ^^ pre- 
liminary*' information required ; but if the title is truncated in 
the description or imperfectly abridged, it is apt to become a 
vehicle of error. It is also necessary to give the colophon, as it 
shows when the book was really published or completed, while, 
at times, we can find in no other part of the volume what is 
called the imprint'^. 

There are many more details of a technical character with 
which bibliographers are expected to be conversant ; and as these 
apply to all bibliographies in general, we must refer the reader 
to the Works which treat specially of such matters''^, and to the 

catalogues which exhibit their application'^ in a much higher 


*** Wlico the curbw pUqnette OffU at Augibvrg by Brhard Oegfioy who cea w d 

dw Niwm Zejftmag mm PritU^ Lgrndt to print after 1516; and, therefore, if 

20, 99) was fiitt made known, Horn- Homboldt't tappoiition it correct, Chria- 

dt CAp r ca a c d the opinion* that it mint topher de Haro Tisited the Straiti three 

liavebeea printed between 1 5^5 and 1540. jean at least before Magellan. ^ 

AC de Vanihagen,t 00 the other hand, ^^ In BnvMBT, 3Umm*1^ Ttkk mHUi^ 

was JnHif*'^ to aaa:ibc to the book a date /fw, Not. 3iiift-3i365 \ and the mott 

tinm 1508. It waea matter of tome con- Taloable treatiie of ComrANTiM, S/M*- 

aeqaeace to ascertain tlie exact time when thifmrnki Paris, 1841, i8mo. 

khad been poUished, as Homboldt thought ^* FaAiici^ Cai^u* hiUinktcm BtutM- 

that it CTtii^8«^ a dascitpdon of a Tojrage vimutf ^«^% I750-I75^ ^ vols^ ¥^\ 

tp the Scnita of Magellan, undertaken by AuurTmuyi, Cmsltgai UmHe^-triHemt ra . 

Chriatopher de Haro. But we describe an- sMst rwi eJitUmmm uKuli XVf Rm^i^ 

other efitk» (No. 100), which, but for the i7S3»4to$ Knm^ Utp€ntriMm emmuU H 

^^q^yy ^iyff ^ »mJd appear in a catalogue simply thmm s totiitstiimt limrmrih tditsnmf 

m a dnIicatB of the fint Now, this coU^ Ottsh^a, i8oi-i8fti, 16 toIs., 4to } and 

BhoQ abowa that the plaqnette was printed ibr the fountain-head of the best modem 

dassifications, OAtima, ^«mm kikH*- 

OW|«,v•LT,^a^ iAir^*.%///-riir«i/* Ar. 7«.| Paris, 

i0 JrMtf, — . I078> 4to. 

Digitized by 


1 Introduction. 

degree than any example we could cite, or description which it is 
in our power to give. 

Whatever may be the natural impartiality of an author's mind, 
his works must always bear the impress of the circumstances 
which surround him, and of his times. It is necessary, there- 
fore, to study his personal history as well as that of his epoch, 
and of the social center in which he lived, that we may form a 
correct estimate of the credence to which he is entitled. In 
£ict, we know of no better means to ascertain to what extent 
his views may have been modified by such external influences \ 
and no historian will &il to appreciate the fiicilities offered him 
by the bibliographer who groups around each title references to 
all the works in which information in regard to these illustrative 
subjects may be found. How thankful have we not often felt for 
the Scriptores vitarum eruditorum particulares in the celebrated 
Bunau catalogue ! Nor should the bibliographer limit this class 
of researches to the life of the author of each work which 
comes under his notice. He must also contribute towards elu- 
cidating the history of the principal characters who figure in the 
books, by adding such authorities as may have escaped the notice 
of the writer himself, or as may have come to light subsequently 
to the publication of his work. 

The requisites which we have already mentioned are much 
more onerous and difficult to fulfill than the majority of readers 
are inclined to believe'^ ; yet, they by no means constitute the 
whole task which devolves upon the bibliographer. Every 
special bibliography demands special requisites, which must be 
adequate to its particular object. Our own province is only to 
state those which pertain to a bibliography of works relating to 

'** See in the Bdinburgk Review for made. When the twenty-fire titles, illut- 

October, 1S50, a cnriout account of the trative of hb bibliographical attainments, 

mishaps experienced during the discus- were put into the hands of a competent 

donSy of the British Museum Commis- librarian for examination, it was discov- 

sion, by a well-known English scholar and ered that ** they contained almost every 

antiquary, who had attempted to show possible error which can be committed in 

how the Museum catalogue tieuiJ be cataloguing books.** 

Digitized by 


Introduction. li 

America. Now, a Bibliotbeca Americana is essentially geograph- 
ical and historical, and whoever would compose it must, there- 
fore, assume to the full extent of its original compass the 
obligations which pertain to the study of geography and history. 
These consist in a critical survey of certain documents, and in 
an efibrt to connect certain d^ta in view of an ultimate conclu- 
sion. The main difference between history and bibliography, in 
this respect, is that the latter is limited to printed documents, 
whilst the data it furnishes refer chiefly to their external charac- 
teristics. But this does not imply that the labors of the bibliog- 
rapher must be confined to a correct statement of the title and 
size of a book, or to tables exhibiting the chronology of its 
various editions and translations. We think that after these 
requisites have been fulfilled, the bibliographer must show 
wherein the texts of these editions present diflFerences, and trace 
to their original sources the changes introduced. Years some- 
times elapse between successive editions of the same work. 
Meanwhile, new documents are published, exhibiting a discovery 
made or a progress accomplished. By the light of these new 
developments, the author, in a later edition, modifies the opinions 
or corrects the errors set forth at a time when he possessed no 
better means to ascertain the truth of his statements. We hold 
that it is the duty of bibliographers not only, as it were, to label 
all such alterations, but to mark the sources from which the 
motive which prompted the author in each instance was derived. 
Withal, we must not be understood to advocate the insertion of 
elaborate essays in connection with every book described or cited 
in any bibliography whatsoever. This course would be tanta- 
mount to blending Bibliography and Literary History together. 
We only advocate the addition of succinct indications of a most 
trustworthy and suggestive character, paving the way for ulterior 
researches, which the bibliographer may be supposed to have 
instituted himself, but of which he only gives what is called in 
common parlance ^^the chapter and verse.*' In fine, the bibliog- 

Digitized by 


Hi Introduction. 

rapher's whole duty will be done, as we conceive it, only when 
he has presented the synthetic historian with the means of con- 
trolling, comparing and weighing the authorities which he needs 
to consult, as well as with the fullest possible list of those 
authorities. Within certain limits, it will be seen, therefore, 
that we assign to bibliographers a relation to the historian not 
unlike that which exists at the British bar between the attorney 
who prepares the brief and the barrister who pleads the case. 
Each has a most serious and important task to perform; nor 
will the honest historian hesiute to admit that if the results of his 
own labor are necessarily more splendid than the modest efibrts 
of the student who precedes him and prepares his way, the duties 
of the bibliographer may probably enlist scientific Acuities of a 
high order, and strenuous exertions which, although left often 
unrewarded, are deserving of praise and recompense. 

We are well aware that the present work by no means 
presents a perfect illustration of the bibliographical principles 
which we have endeavored to set forth. But we cannot honestly 
take upon ourselves the whole responsibility of this untoward £ict. 
In the preparation of such an elaborate bibliography, the great con- 
dition precedent is a free, untrammeled, and repeated access to 
the books which the bibliographer intends to describe. He should 
be at liberty to examine them, not one by one, but all together, 
frequently, and with a large collection of works of reference 
at his elbow. These fiidlities it has been denied to us to com- 
mand. We have, indeed, enjoyed the freedom of one admirable 
library, but this did not contain all the books needed to establish 
necessary comparisons. Other collections, in which these sup- 
plementary books could be found, were located, some of them in 
distant cities, whilst others, existing within a stone's throw of 
our study, belonged to bibliophiles who hesitated to extend to us 
the facilities required by the nature of our task, although they 

Digitized by 


Iniroduetkn. liii 

often enabled us to examine a number of valuable books, which 
had been actually removed from the shelves for our special 
inspection. But whilst this was a great advantage, meriting 
acknowledgment, every reader at all familiar with bibliograph- 
ical researches knows full well that unless the inquirer is gifted 
with the erudition of a Mabillon and the memory of a Mezzo- 
fimti, it is impossible for him to commence his investigations 
with a competent knowledge of all the works which are to come 
within the range of his researches. ^^ Book openeth book,'' 
sajrs Dibdin; and this wise saying is still more true of biblio- 
graphical and historical inquiries than of any other class of 
investigations, as an indefinite number of useful suggestions is 
the first result of untrammeled access to the alcoves of every 
opulent library. Nor is this all. However careful in his collations 
a conscientious bibliographer may bej however numerous and 
detailed may be the memoranda which he never fiuls to make, 
he is nevertheless sure to be beset with excruciating doubts 
when he sits down to achieve his task at a distance from the 
books which he is to describe with no other help than his 
notes and memory. These notes are taken too often in a hasty 
manner, for fear of exhausting the patience of the unconfiding 
proprietor, who frequently considers and treats the student as a 
purloiner in disguise, an intruder or a parasite. Hurrjring back 
to his solitary cell, the painstaking bibliographer peruses the notes 
so onerously obtained. As he dwells upon his memoranda at leis- 
ure, innumerable new ideas and suggestions arise out of them ; 
but these new ideas and suggestions remain sterile because they 
need to be controlled and fructified by fresh references to works 
examined for a different purpose, and long before the germination 
of these tardy but welcome notions. So far as we, ourselves, 
are concerned, we feel constrained to sute that could we have 
spent no more than four days in the undisturbed examination of 
certain libraries, even with our hands manacled, it would have 
saved us fully six months of most arduous researches. 

Digitized by 


liv Introduction. 

As to the works of reference which we had to consult, we 
found them scattered all over the country, not a few, for exam- 
ple, being discovered by us in the dusty garret of a dilapidated 
church, where we were so unfortunate as to pore over them when 
the thermometer stood below zero. Others, less accessible still, 
we heard of as lying snugly coffined in comfortable bookcases, 
never to be disturbed by mortal eye. A goodly number were 
picked up and purchased at book-stalls, while many more could 
be consulted only at the price of journeys to Boston or Cam- 
bridge, where librarians dispense to students a hospitality which 
New York has yet to emulate. We enter into these details, 
not for the purpose of working upon the sympathies of the 
reader, but simply to explain the shortcomings which he will 
not fail to note in this, our first and last attempt in American 

H. H, 

Nkw York Univirutt Buildings, 
May 15M, 1866. 

Digitized by 


Bttiltottieta 9lmeneana iJEetufiittfiidtma* 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 


..■.■:A ^J:'::. >SfM 

Stbliottieea 9lmmcana ^etudttddtma. 



Otolom: ntf ftais noftta multft Hetet: HellJnfttUiEi 
JnHit fuyta iBangem nttpeit fnttentis. All quais 
perqui- 1| tentiais octauo antts, menfe aufpiciis r fte 
inttictiffimf^etnatt-IIHf f^ifpaniatttmllegiis miffttis 
fuetat : a) iHtasnfftntm tiftm Ha || p^atltm Sbanxs 
is: eittHiem fntniSfimi i&esto ^efaucatiii mUla:|| 
quam nobUis oc Utteratuis bit AliaiDirr be <Ktofco 
ab Htfpano || ibeomate in latinum coniiertit : tertio 
fnal'fi 0Lai), £Si'tttt.xtiii.\\ |)ontiiicattt0 Elexanbti 
Sbtxti anno 

%* Sm. 4to, sin* *mm$ aut l»c», four leave*, thirty-foar lines in a 
fill! page. No water-mark. 

(Prirate Libr. New York. The only other topic* known 
are in the Britbh Miaeam and Mnnkh Royal Libniy.) 


* Anglici t Letter from Chrittopher 
Colom : to whom our age oweth much ! 
concerning the Islands of India beyond 
the Ganges recently discoTered. In the 
search of which he was sent eight 
months ago nnder the auspices and at 
the expense of the most inTincible King 
of the SpainSy Ferdiumnd : addressed to the 

noble lord RapAaei Scnxh : Treasurer of 
the same most serene KJngt which the 
nolle and learned man jfliauder de Cof 
€0 translated from the Spanish idiom 
into Latin : the third day of the ca- 
lends of May [April 15th ?] 1493. '^^^ 
Year One of the Pontificate of Alexan- 
der VI. 


Digitized by 


2 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. Christopher or Pedro {Luc. Marineo") Colon {Fer- 
«--=-=-=5- nando Columbuf'y official documents'), or Colonus [Pet. 
Martyr^y Geraldin?)^ or Colom (Oviedo^y de CozccPy Stam- 
ler^), or Colomo (Libros de Cuenfos\ Medina Celi^), or 
Colombo {Trivigiano^y Gryn^$is'% Coppo da Isola^\ ZorzP\ 
Dafi'% or Colyns {Sharon Tumer^*}^ or Dawber {Ru- 
chamer^^)y or Columbus (GiusfinianP^ Syllacio^'^, Bembd"^) ; 
born at Genoa {Giustiniani^ Peter Martyr^ Bemaldez^^y 
Gallo^y Senarega^\ Herrera^^ Munoz^\ Spotomo^)^ or at 
Cucarro (Donesmundi^^ Napione^^ Cancellieri^j Conti^)^ or 
at Pradello (Campi^)^ or at Savonna {Salinerio^y Chiabre- 
ra^\ Belloro^^)y or atCugureo {Eden)y or Nervi {Oviedo)y or 

* Dt las cotai memorakla de EtpaMa ; 
Alcala, fol., IS30» »S33» »539- 

" Hitforie de! Signer D, Fernando Cc- 
/omhoi Venice, iimoy >57i> i<>i4> 1672, 
1676 (Franck*» Catal.), 1678, 1685. 

' apud Navariuctk, Coiecchn de Us 
'viaget J descuhrimientot ; Madrid, 8vo, 
1825-37, Vol. II. 

* Opus Bpiuolanm; Alcala, Ibl., 1530, 
and Anuterd., 1670 (best edit.) ; Decades, 
Se villa, fol., 151 1, Alcala, Ibl., 1516, and 
1530$ Basle, 1533, Paris, 8to, 1587 (Hak- 
luyt*8, best edition). 

* Itinerarium ad reghnes sub equinoct.i 
Rome, ixmo, 1631. 

* Histeria General dt las Indias ; Se- 
villa, fol., 1535, Salamanca, 1547, Valla- 
dolid, 1557; Madrid, 4 vols., fbl., 1 85 1-5 5, 
complete edit. 

' Latin translat. of Columbus* letter, see 
infra, Nos. I, a, 3, 4, 5, 6. 

" Dja/ogMs; Augsburg, Ibl., 1508$ Ven- 
ice, s, a, 

* Letter, apud Morklli, Lettera raris- 
sima; Bassano, 8vo, 18 10, and Operette, 
Venice, 3 vols., 8vo, 1820. 

'* Novus Orhis; Basle, fol., 1532, Paris, 
1532, Basle, 1537, and 1555 (best), Rot- 
terdam, 8vo, 161 6. 

" Porfo/atioi Venice, sm. 4to, 1528. 

** Paesi nouamenre retrouati f Vicenza, 
4to, 1507, Milan, 1508, 1512, 15I9» 
Venice, 1 517, 1521. 

'" La lettera delie iso/e; Florence, 4ro, 
1493* ^^^ edirions. 

" Hisfry of England in tkv Middlr 
jiges; Lond., 4to, 1814-23. 

** Netpe nnhekantke landte ; Nuremberg, 
fol., 1508. 

'• Psalterium ,• Genoa, fol., 1516 

** De insulis wuridiani atpie indici mart 
muper inventis f l^Tia, 4to, 1. a, 

'* Historise yenet^e ; Venice and Paris, 
fol., 1551. 

" Historia de los Reyes Catk, D. Fer- 
nando y Da. Isabel; Granada, 2 toIs., 410, 

" apud Mvu ATOM, Reruns Italic, Script.; 
Vol. xxin. 

•> Idem, Vol. xxiT. 

** Historia General de los Ueckos de los 
Castellanos; Madrid, fol., 1601-15, and 
1728-30; Antwerp, 1728 (bad edition). 

" Historia del Nuevo Mundo ; Madrid, 
4to, 1798 (MS. of 2d vol. in Private Libr., 
New York). 

'* Delia orig. e pairia di C. Colombo; 
Genoa, 8to, 18 19, and Codice diplomatico 
Colonsbo'Americano ; Genoa, 4to, 1823. 

'* Historia Bcclesiastica di Aiantova ; 
MantoTS, 4to, 1 6 1 3-1 6. 

** Delia patria di C. Colombo ; Florence, 
8vo, 1808, and Del Prima Scopritore; Flo- 
rence, 8vo, 1809. 

*^ Dissertasuoni epistolari bibliograjicke 
supra C. Colombo; Rome, 8vo, 1809. 

'* Notia. uoricbe della citta di C, di 
Monfrrrato; Ca^ali, 8vo, 1838-42. 

** Historia Btclesiast. di Piacemsa ; Pia- 
cenza, fol., 1651-72. 

** Annotationes lulij Salinerij Sauonensis 
ad Cornelium Tjicitum ; Genoa, 410, 1 602. 

" Cams^n- Eroick ; Venice, 8 vt*, 1 7 30-3 1 . 

^* apud Correspondance jtstron. Giogr., 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 3 

at Cogoletto {Gamiara^\ Isnardi^), On^lia, Chiavaia, 1493* 
Finale, Bugiasco, Cossena, Quinto, Albisola, or in^^HMH 
England (MoUoy^^)^ or simply in some unknown village 
near Genoa {Las Casas^^ Barros^)^ in 1435-6 {Bemaldez^ 
Napione^ Navarrete^ Humboldt^^^ Luigi Colombo^), or in 
1441 (Charlevoix^)y or in 1445 {Cladera^^ Bossi^)^ or in 
1446 {MuHoz)y or in 1447 {Roberfson^\ Spoiomo) of hum- 
ble parentage, to say the least : '^ vilibus orbus parenti- 
bus'* (Giusliniani), "da ignobili Parenti" (Salinerio^). 
Died at Valladolid, May 20th, 1506, notwithstanding 
Grynaeus* Novus OrbiSy which, as late as 153 a, mentions 
him as still living. 

After a very short time spent at the University of 
Pavia {Ferd. Columbus^ Bossi), (Jhristopher Columbus, like 
his father and brothers (Gailoy Senarega^ Casoni^y Salu 
nerio^y AllegreUf^)^ followed the occupation of wool- 
carder ; and afterwards {Las CasaSy BerHaldez)y when still 
in Genoa, became a bookseller. The time when he first 
went to sea is not known. Repaired to Lisbon, after 
a shipwreck* ( ? ), in 1470, and joined his brother Bar- 
tholomew, who made his living in that city by drawing 
and selling maps or nautical pictures {Galloy Giusiiniani). 
Was again in Italy, March 20th, 1472 (Bianchi^^)^ and, 
probably in 1473, *^ ^^ employ of King Rene of Pro- 
vence. Married in Lisbon {Barros)^ or perhaps at Calvi, 
in Corsica*^, Felippa Mufliz Perestrello, the daughter 

&c, dm Bmrom de Zack\ Genoa, 8vo, 1816, lent work, A Tolt., n. d , b only this, 

Vol. XIV { and ApftniUe^ Genoa, 8vo, vrithoot the lectiont of La Cota*s map.) 

i^39» ^Botet PoLLBRo, J?//c4<r0iM; Torin, ** Fatrim e Bngr, del Grsmdt Ammin^- 

410,1696. /fo; Rome, 8vo, 1853. 

" De Navigat, C. CoUmbii Rome, 8vo, ^ Hist$ire de title Etp^utUi Paris, 4to, 

1585; 4to, 1683. 17305 lamo, Amsterd., 1733. 

** Di%Mertssu9me | Pineiolo, 8vo, 1838. " lavestigacienes AittirieMf Madrid, 4to, 

** De Jure Aiarititmof London, 8vo; 1794- 

from 1676 to 1769, nine editions. ** fHta di Colombe; Milan, 8vo, 1818. 

** *< de algun lugar de la Provinda de ^ Histery of Awuriea $ London, 4to, 

Genova,** — Hiumria Getural de las Indimt^ 1788 

Chapt. II $ MS., Private Library, N. Y. ^ Annsli di Gentva^ del- meU tedi- 

** Decsdas dm Asia; Lisbon, 3 vols., fbl., cesiwso $ Genoa, fbl., 1708. 

i552r-53-63; 1618, and 1778-88, 14 vols., ** Otservatuoni sal eliata^ 8k., della Li* 

8vo (best). gisria (apud Codice), 

** Examea Criiifue^ Paris, 3 vols.,8vo, ** Documents in the Revae de Paris, 

1836-9, (The edit, of that most excel- Aug., 1841, vol. zxxu. 

Digitized by 


4 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. of the discoverer {Ferd. Columbus) ^ or Governor {Ca da 
waas^mm^ Mostc^'') of the island of Porto-Santo, and sister to the 
wife of Pedro Correa, an expert navigator, before 1474, 
the year in which his first son, Di^o, was bom. This 
Di^o is the boy who is made to play such a lamentable 
part in the scene at the La Rabida convent, in 1484 
or 1486. Made a voyage to England, Iceland, and 
"Thule," February, 1477 (Letter apudPerd. Columbus)^ 
where he may have obtained the confirmation of the 
data furnished him by Toscanelli, June 25th, 1474, 
concerning the existence of Western lands. Was on 
board the piratical fleet which, in 1485, attacked the 
Venetian galleys off Cape St. Vincent {Rawdon Browf^). 
Made his home at Porto-Santo (a small island near the 
coast of Africa), on an estate belonging to his wife, and 
where he compared notes with Correa, and matured his 

First proposals to Genoa (P. Martyr^ Benzoni^f Her- 
rera^ Ramusio^)y or to Portugal (Maffei^^ Galvano^)y then 
to Venice {Bossi^ Navarrete), or to France {Geraldiniy 
Montesquieu'^^) y to Genoa again {MuBoz), to England {Ge- 
raldini)y through his brother Bartholomew, who seems to 
have remained seven years at the court of Henry VII, 
for whom he made a chart, February, 1488 {Hakluyt^)^ 
but where the project was laughed to scorn {Benzoni)^ or 
delayed only by accident {Bacon^^)y or accepted, but too 
late {Purchas^)y then to Portugal (Vasconcellos^)y from 
which country he repaired to Spain, 1484 {Spoiomo)^ 

*' apmd Ttimerarium Portugalleuum i Mi- 
lan, tbl., 1508. 

** Calendar ^ State Pafert and AfSS. in 
the Arckhfet of Feniee f Londotif 8 to, 1864. 

*• Historia del Mondo Nutvo j Venice, 
8vo, 1565, 157a. 

•• Del/e Navigat, et Viaggii Venice, 
fbl., 1603, or 1613 for the 3d vol. 

*' Hittoriarum indiearam ifXottnct^foVio^ 
1588, Venice, fto, 1589, &c. 

** Tratadof Lisbon, 1563. 

•• Esprit des Lois, ** J*ai oui plosieurs 
fois d^plorcr TaTeuglensent do conteil de 
Franfon I qui rebutii Chrbtophe Colombo 

qui lui propoeait lea Indet.** Lit. xxi, 
chap. xxu. Thete regrets cannot be 
termed timely, for not only Francn I did 
not ascend the throne of France nntil the 
Western World had been rediscovered near- 
ly twenty-two years, but he was not bom 
until September, 1494. (See HInault.) 

** TM* Principal Nav^ationt; Lond., 
ibl., 1589, 1598-1600,410, 1809-ift. 

•• Hiitorie 0/ tke Raigne %f K. Henry 
VII I London, fbl., 1611. 

** Piigrimeti Lond., fbl., 1615, Part lu. 

" Filt del Rty Jnan 11 i Madrid, 4*0, 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 5 

and made proposals to Ferdinand and Isabella, 1485 1493* 
{Bossi)y or i486 {Oviedo). Met at Cordova Beatrix sbhhhi 
Enriquez, to whom he was married {Herrera, Tiraboschi^^ 
Bossty Roselly de Lorgues'^), or with whom he never lived 
in lawful wedlock {Napione, Spotamo^ Navarrete^ Hum- 
boldi)y before August 29th, 1487 [()rtiz de Zufiiid^)^ 
or August 15th, 1488 (Navarrete)y the year in which his 
youngest son and future historian was born. Distin- 
guished himself in the campaign against the Moors, 
1489 (Ort. deZuHiga). The commission sitting at Sala- 
manca rejected his proposals, 1491. The project was 
finally accepted by Spain, April 17th, 1492. Set sail 
from Palos with three caravels, viz.: the "Santa-Maria" 
or " Gallega" {Oviedo), flag-ship, the " Pirtta," and the 
** Niiia," with a crew of ninety men (Ferd. Columbus) or 
one hundred and twenty {Martyr, Giustiniani), Friday, 
August 3d, 1492, a half an hour before daylight. 

Discovered, Friday, October 12th, 1492, at a A. 
M., what he always believed, and compelled his crew, 
under penalty^' of having their tongues cut off, to 
assert to be the western coast of China, but which was 
only Grand Turk, one of the Turks islands {Navar^ 
rete, Gtib/^, Majo/'% or Watling Island {MuHoz, 
Becker^), or San Salvador Grande {Ferrer^), or Cat 
Island {Catesbf^y Humboldt). Discovered the Island 
of Cuba, October 28th, and Hayti, December 5th, 
1492. Sent an Embassy to the " Gran Can," Novem- 
ber 2d. Lost his flag-ship by shipwreck, I>ecember 
24th. Set sail on his way back to Spain, Wednesday, 

** StoriadeUm lett. Italiana} Milan, 8vo, 

■* Ckristapkt Cflomhi lamo, Paris, 1859; 
and La Cr9ix dams let Demx-momdes, Paris, 
Svo, 1843 (a rery strange peribnn- 

** Aumales eelesiastie. de Stvil/af Madttd, 
fcl., 1677. 

** lufonmaei^u^ mpmd Natamitc \ Vol. 
n. No. LZZTi, page 145. 

** Pioceediiift of the New York His- 

torical Society, 1846; and Atktimumiai 

** Select Lettert of Colutmhuti Lond., 8vo, 
1847 ; printed for the Haldayt Society. 

•* The UudfaUrfColumimi f Lond., Svo, 

*^ Carts e^eriea (i8oa), apmd notes to 
French translation of NATAamrrij Paris, 
8vo, 1818. 

** Natural Histtry ofCar^liaai London, 
iblio, 1731. 

Digitized by 


6 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. January i6th, 1493. Owing to severe storms, he an- 
mmm^mmest chored oflFSt. Mary*8^ one of the Azores, February i8th, 
and afterwards at Rastello, in the Tagus, near Lisbon, 
where he landed March 4th, and from wluch he sent to 
Castile a messenger bearing the news and letters ad- 
dressed to Sanchez and Santangel. After an eventful 
time at the court of John II, of Portugal, where the 
courtiers proposed openly to murder him {Garcia de Re- 
send^y BarroSy VasconcellosSy Columbus departed, Wed- 
nesday, March 13th, landing finally at Palos, Friday, 
March 15th, 1493, at noon. 

When still onboard his caravel, February 15th, oflFthe 
island of St. Mary, Columbus wrote two oflicial ac- 
counts of his voyage, one of which was addressed to 
Raphael or Gabriel Sanchez or Sanxis, the Crown Trea- 
surer. No copy, either in print or in manuscript, of 
the Spanish original has yet been found, but the dis- 
covery made a few years ago, in the Ambrosian library, 
of a printed copy of the letter addressed to Luiz de 
Santangel (No. 7), warrants the belief that not only 
it may have been printed, but that it is not irretrievably 
lost. As to the original itself, notwithstanding the 
diligent searches instituted by Muftoz in Simancas, and 
Navarrete in the Lor^a at Seville, where, after the estab- 
lishment of the General Archives of the Indies, in 
1792, all documents relating to the Western World had 
been transferred, no traces of it have ever been dis- 
covered. Mufloz supposes that it has been inserted in 
Chapt. cxviii of Bernaldez' Historia de los Reyes Catdlicos. 
We are of opinion that the latter work contains only 
a close paraphrase of the letter addressed to Santangel, 
as the reader can ascertain by comparing the Ambrosian 
text with the original of Bernaldez, both of which are 
inserted, together with a translation into English, in our 
Notes on Columbus^ pages 89-1 {5. 

The substance of that valuable document, however, 

*' LjvroiUttohrasf Erora, foi., 1554$ at Chronica^ Lub^ fol., 1596, 1607, 1622, 1752. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 7 

has been transmitted to us through a translation made 1493* 
in very poor Latin — '* semi-barbaro" {MuHoz) — by one aH^^ip^ 
Leander or Aliander de Cosco, on or about April 
25th, 1493. Of that translation we describe, de visuy six 
editions, all apparently published within the year 1493. 

Only one of those six editions contains the name of 
the printer, his place of residence, and the year when it 
was printed. It is our No. 3. Another has the printer s 
name and residence, but no date (No. 6) ; whilst a third 
(No. 5) gives only the place. The other three (Nos. 
I, 2, and 3) are all sine anno aut loco. 

The text, with the exception of variations in the use 

of contracted letters (wz. ; g>, |^, i|, 11, t, 9, (p, ft, 8, J, f, 

\f 9> % $> f, it) p, (I), is the same for all. The titles differ. 

In Nos. I, 2, 5, and 6, the name of King Ferdinand only 

is given ; in Nos. 3 and 4, that of Queen Isabella is 

added. In Nos. i, 2, 5, and 6, the recipient of the 

letter is called Raphael; in Nos. 3 and 4, he is named 

GabrieL His family name is spelled in Nos. i, 2, 5, 

and 6, Sanxis; in No. 3, Sanchis; in No. 4, Sanches. 

The translator is mentioned as Aliander in Nos. i, 2, 

5, and 6 ; in Nos. 3 and 4, as Leander ; whilst No. 3 

adds the complimentary adjective of generosus where all 

the others have nobilis. No. 2 is the only one which 

Iack3 the words Indie supra Gangem in the title^. 

Nos. 5 and 6 were certainly printed at Paris, and No. 

** Graease states that ** Dans Tex de 
Ted. dc Each. Silber, consenr^ i U bib). 
Ambrot. de Milan, manquent les deux 
mocs tmpra G^ngtm au titre " We are of 
impression that in this instance No. % u 
in^nded. The Ambrosian is not known 
to possess a copy of the Silbcr (oor No. 
)), whilst the Brera has, or had, a fine, 
thiiugh incomplete specimen of No. 2, 
which has lately been stolen. When 
Murelli, Gianorini and Bossi have occasion 
to mention a four leaves unillustrated edi- 
tion, they always refer to one in the Mag- 
liabechi (No. 3). Had the diligent Bossi, 
who made his transcript of No. 2 from the 
Brera copy, known of the existence of a 

SUber in the Ambrosian, he would hare 
mentioned it instead of referring to an un- 
illustrated copy in Florence. It must be 
said, however, that by a clause in the will 
of Cardinal Fred. Borromeo, the founder 
of the Ambrosian, it is prohibited to make 
a catalogue of that great library j the books 
have not even their titles inscribed on the 
back, which may account fer a plaquette 
of that description escaping the lynx- 
eyes of a Bossi or a Morelli. Still, the 
omission of those two words throws a 
dubious light upon Oraesse*s assertion. 
We have examined four copies of the SiU 
ber, and heard of two more, none of which 
omit the passage Jnd\e utpra Gangem, 

Digitized by 


8 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 403. 3 at Rome, which is said by Morelli, Gianorini, Bossi 
«"^ others, to be also the case with Nos. i, 2, and 4. 
There are no positive proofs that the latter are Roman 
impressions, but the probability is that they were at 
least published in Italy. The kind of type used is a 
good test for those who possess the means of compar- 
ing; but in the absence of a large collection of dated in- 
cunabuU we propose an hypothesis. Of the translator, 
de Cosco, we know absolutely nothing ; but there is no 
lack of precise details concerning the author of the epi- 
gram which is at the end of Nos. i, 2, 3, and 4 (in Nos. 5 
and 6 it is on the verso of the first leaf). Although called 
in that versified eulogium R. L. de Corbaria, his name 
should be Berardus or Leonard de Carninis^, whilst he 
was, from 1491 to 1498, Bishop of Monte-Peloso, 
situated in the kingdom of Naples, but a direct depen- 
dency of Rome. Now,- when we take into consideration 
the short time which elapsed between the return of Co- 
lumbus and the publication of his letter, one of which 
(No. 3, which also contains the epigram) bears the un- 
mistakable date of 1493 in the colophon ; the distance 
between Spain and Italy; the difficulty of sending books 
or letters to and fro, in those days, and the fact that 
the epigrammatist resided in Italy, it is certainly per- 
mitted to infer that the plaquette before us is the work 
of an Italian printer. 

The types used in Nos. i, 2, and 3 differ from each 
other in size, form, and in the employment of contrac- 
tions. We suppose, therefore, that they were printed 
by three different printers. Franck Silber, usually called 
Eucharius Argenteus or Argyrios, is certainly the printer 
of No. 3, Guyot Marchant or Mercator that of Nos. 
5 and 6. Nos. i and 4 have the same type, and are, 
therefore, the work of one printer, who is supposed, 
from the great similarity found to exist between the lat- 
ter and the books printed in 1493 by Stephanus Plannck, 

'* Ughelli, Italia Sacra (ed. of Rome, fol., 1644-62)$ Vol. 1, page 1072. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Ameriama. 9 

to be the work of that excellent typographer. Jo* 1493* 
hannes Besicken may have printed No. 2. Had we^ 
access to some of the early publications of Plannck and 
Besicken, so artistically described by the great Audif- 
fredi, we might hope, perhaps, to establish the chrono- 
logy of those plaquettes. But in the absence of any 
typographical criterion to ascertain which of our six edi- 
tions is entitled to the much-coveted place of edUio 
princepSy we beg leave to resort to another hypothesis, 
which the reader may take for what it is worth. 

Ferdinand and Isabella reigned conjointly to the year 
1504. We have already stated that in the titles of four 
of the editions the name of Isabella is omitted, as if 
Ferdinand was, when the plaauettes were printed, sole 
King of Spain. This woula be a presumption that 
they date from after 1504, as Ferdinand reigned until 
IC16; but we know of no book printed by Plannck 
after 1498, and of Besicken, whether in partnership with 
Mayr or with Martinus of Amsterdam, after 1501. 
Besides^ Nos. 5 and 6, which also omit the name of 
Isabella, bear the imprint of Guyot Marchant, who cer- 
tainly ceased to print before 1501 ; the Basle edition of 
the Verardusy which gives, in a kind of appendix, the 
G)lumbus letter, evidently taken from No. 2, is plainly 
dated on the verso of the twenty-ninth leaf: 1494. We 
must, therefore, consider the absence of the Queen's name 
in Nos. 1,2,^ and 6, involving, as it does, a grammati- 
cal change which runs through the entire sentence, as a 
premeditated omission, which was afterwards repaired in 
Nos. 3 and 4. 

The claims of 5 and 6 we set aside, for it is not likely 
that the letter was sent to Paris before it reached Rome. 
Bossi justly remarks that the Spanish sovereigns would 
lose no time in dispatching an official account to the 
,Holy-See, in order to obtain from the Pope the inves- 
titure of the newly discovered lands. Un the other 
hand, it is well known that after Charles VIII had re- 
stored Roussillon and Cerdagne to Ferdinand by the 

Digitized by 


lo Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. Treaty of Barcelona, January 19th, 1493, the Spanish 

BH^^HBs Monarch, anxious as he was to find a pretense to disregard 

his own engagements relating to the Kingdom of Naples, 

took no extraordinary pains to make himself agreeable 

to Charles VIII. 

We believe that an official account was sent from 
the Court of Spain to Rome, previous even to the 
second Embassy of Obedience intrusted to Carvajal; the 
Bull of Concession of May jd^ and the Bull of De- 
marcation of May 4th, i493^S are conclusive on that 
point ; but we are not prepared to say that the said ac- 
count was the Letter of Columbus, The latter was 
originally written in Spanish, and although the reigning 
Pope, Alexander Borgia, was a Spaniard by birth, the 
dispatch sent by Isabella, being an oflicial document, it 
must have been in Latin. The letter, however, may 
have been added to the package ; but if it was not sent 
in the original Spanish, some obscure clerk in the 
Foreign Office is entitled to the merit or demerit of the 
version ; nor do we believe that his name would have 
been inserted in the title. The fact that the communi- 
cations were much more frequent and ^ile between 
Italy and Spain than between Spain and France, is a 
sufficient reason to consider the Paris editions of the 
De Insults as mere reprints. 

Nos. 7 and 4, being set aside because the^ contain the 
name of the Queen, and Nos. 5 and 6 simply on ac- 
count of their origin, Nos. i and 2 only remam. But 
which of these two is the edUio princeps ? 

No. I is a plain plaquette, without even an orna- 
mented or red-printed initial, so common in those days, 
whilst No. 2 contains no less than seven (the eighth 
being only a repetition) elaborate woodcuts, five of 
which cover each an entire page. Now, when we recol- 
lect the importance of the news which the Letter was 

** NATAftRBTS, C0kccion de hi viageti ^* f.DKH^ Decades rf the Netne Worlde^ 
Vol. II, pages 2ft-35. Load., 4(0, 1555, paget 167-171. 

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BibliothecM Amerkana. ii 

intended to convey, and the time required to prepare 1493* 
the woodcuts, it is fiur to assume that the unillustrated «hb^hb 
edition, which, all things considered, was only what we 
would now call an " extra," was published first We 
therefore suppose that No. i is the editio princeps^. 

On the verso of the tenth leaf of No. a there is a 
woodcut, comprising the word "Granata," and the arms 
of that city, wnich might lead, perhaps, to the belief that 
No. a was printed in Granada, and therefore before any 
of the other editions, but for the following objections : 
In the first place, if we can understand how a stranger 
five hundred leagues away should not know that both 
Ferdinand and Isabella were on the throne, it is difficult 
to believe that the same ignorance could prevail at 
Granada, especially in the year following its conquest by 
the two sovereigns. In the second place, armorial 
bearings cannot be considered a test, as they are not 
unfrequently found on books known to hiave been 
printed in cities or countries which do not claim as 
their own the inserted escutcheon.^ For instance, the 
Mundus Novus, which was printed for Wm. Vorster- 

^ The following title, which we borrow 
from the Livres Cmrieux (No. 1 06), if 
correctly giTen, and an Italian edition, 
would prove a formidable riral for the po- 
liticm of eMtio friucepi — not becauae it 
bean the date of 149^ but for the reason 
that it ig unillustrated, and omits the name 
of Isabella. In foct, there b no argument 
alleged in fovor of No. i which could not 
apply to the following : « Epistola Chrb- 
tofori Colom, cui etas nostra multum de- 
bet ; de Insulis Indiae supra Gangem nuper 
inventis. Ad quas perq.-rendas octaTo an- 
tea mense ausapidis et ere itntietiitimi Ftr» 
wmiM Hiipamiarum Rigis missus foeiat 
(an lieu de Fernandi et Helisahei Rigum 
missus foerat) Ad magnificum duum 
Gakrielem Sanchis — missa: quam nobilis 
ac litteratus Tir Leamier de Cosco ab His- 
pano idiomate in latinum converdt tertio 
kars Maii m.cccc.xcii. [«lc]. Pontifi- 
catns Alexandri Sexti Anno primo. (4 
feuillets, dont les pages endures portent 33 

lignes.)*' Eridendy a cross between No. 
I and No. 3 — if not a myth altogether. 

The dde to the test published by Mr. 
Major also differs from any. It seems to 
follow No. 4, but whilst the latter calls 
the Treasurer Gmhriel SMwckes^ in the Si/eet 
Lett$n he is named Rapkael Sanxis, Must 
we view this difforence as a correction b- 
troduced by the learned editor, or as indi- 
cating another edition ? 

As to the allusion in Pinelo-Barda (col. 
564% made on the authority of Draudius, 
and repeated by Nararrete, which might 
convey the impression that a separate edi- 
tion of the Letter had been given by one 
Enrique Pedro, of Basle, we scarcely need 
say that the Biblitkets CimstUa of Drau- 
dius (page 718, edit, of 1611) refors only 
to the collection published by the monk 
Robert, under the dde of Bellum Ckns- 
tianontm^ and printed at Basle in 1533. 

*• Cmiviluu, Orpine it PJmprimerie $ 
Paris, 4to, 1694. 

Digitized by 


12 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. ^^^^y o^ Antwerp (see infra)^ contains on the last leaf 
BH^HHEsthe double-headed eagle coat-of-arms, and the escut- 
cheon of the latter city, yet it is generally believed 
that the plaquette was printed somewhere on the 
Lower-Rhine, where neither Charles V nor Philip II 
ever reigned. In the third place, we have shown that 
the epigram, which is in No. 2 as well as in No. i, 
was tne production of an Italian Bishop, who then 
lived near Rome. Finally, not only Maittaire^*, La 
Caille^', Cabrera^, Mendez^, Orlandi^, and the leading 
historians of the Typographical Art assert that printing 
was not introduced into Granada until 1496, but, to 
quote La Serna Santander, the highest authority on 
such matters : " Primer volumen de vita Ckristiy dc 
Fray Franc. Ximenez, in fol., 1496, est la seule impres- 
sion connue faite a Grenade dans le XV"^ siecle ; ce qui 
n*a rien d'extraordinaire quand on sait que cette ville su- 
perbe nc fiit conquise sur les Maures qu'en Tan 1492."^ 
Were we called upon to advance a supposition as to 
what English philosophers would now term the genesis of 
those editions, we should say, that on the receipt of the 
great news in Spain the Letter of Columbus was made 

Sublic, and printed in the original Spanish, probably at 
Barcelona, by Posa, Michael, or Barro, or at Seville, by 
Ungut and rolonus, in a kind of semi-gothic character, 
resembling, we imagine, the Santangel Letter (No. 7). 
That when Francesco M archesi and Giovanni Antonio 
Grimaldi, the Genoese Embassadors, returned to Italy 
a short time after the arrival of the transatlantic expedi- 
tion {Senarega"), they procured some of those pla- 
quettes, one of which may vet come to light in some 
private or public library of Genoa, Rome, Naples, or 
Florence, just as a copy of the Santangel was discovered 

^* AnnaUi Tfp9gr, f Vol. i. Part i, page ^^ Typograpkia EspaMoia § Madrid, 410, 

76 (edit, of 1733). 1706, page 345. 

^* Histaire ir Pimpriwurie f Paris, 4to, ^* Orqriue delU Stampa f Bologna, 4to, 

1680, page 49. 17**, P«ge »I4 

^* Mewnria/f p. 10, apmd the follow- ** Dittiommaire BiMiograpktfMe ; Suppl., 

ing : Bnixellet, 8to, 1805, Vol. m, page 516. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 13 

a short time since among the books bequeathed by Cus- 1493* 
todi to the Ambrosian library. The results of Colum-«^^H^ 
bus* voyage were so flattering to his countrymen that 
the Spanish accounts must have circulated freely, and 
easily found their way into the large cities of Italy. A 
copy having been secured either by Cosco or the Bishop 
of Monte-Peloso, the former undertook to translate it 
into Latin, and add a title, while the latter inserted the 
following epigram : 

CSpfstamma. Vi. E. He (Etotfiatla £flf ^ontif^ 
paluHi* 2Pi Sn-ll bfctifffmum lEtegem Hifpanfarttm : . 

Jam imlla Kfipante telltts aHHenHa ttfumpf^te. 

%tt$ patttm tantte birftus ntbte etat. 
§i%m longe eote tegfo lieptenfa fut WtA%. 

aiutitta eft tftitlo0 ISetfce magne titos 
IftnUe tepertotf fncrfto tefetenHa <EtoIumto 

iHtatia : fell f ttmmo eft mafor fiatienlia lieo. 
<!l«i bfneeiUra parat noua tegna titiv fitfv 

^e9 fimul fottem preftat et effe pfum**" 

The manuscript was then intrusted to Stephanus 
Plannck, who immediately printed No. i ; the success 
of whith, as they had no copyright in those days, in- 
duced Johannes JBesicken, who h^ lately come or sim- 
ply returned from Basle (where, in imitation of the 
Nuremberg printers, it was a common thing to insert 
a number of woodcuts), to prepare an illustrated edi- 
tion, which is our No. 2. The grave omission in the 



To tbt Jmvimcihle King o/tAt Sfains : And the mid-oceaD tnmmont to thy tway ! 

Len wide the world than the renown of Oire thanks to him — bat loftier homage 

Spain, pay 

To swell her trinmphs no new lands remain! To God Supreme, who gires its realms to 
Reyoice, Iberia ! see thy fame increased I thee ! 

Another world Colombus from the East Oreatert of OMNiarchs, fint of serrants be f 

Digitized by 



Bibliofbeca Americana. 


title of the name of Queen Isabella, combined with 
the demand for the news which, as we know, was una- 
bated, prompted Franck Silber to publish a corrected 
edition, whicn is our No. 3 ; on seeine which, Plannck 
also made a new edition, but with the improved title 
taken from Silber, and which is our No. 4. It is pro- 
bable that copies of the earliest editions were the first 
sent abroad, and that Nos. 5 and 6 were copied in Paris 
from No. i, while the edition inserted in tYit Verardus of 
Basle, 1494*', was copied from No. 2. 

We have never seen, among the early historians, a 
direct reference to any of the nfteenth century editions 
of the De Insults^ although we fancy that traces can be 
found in the works of Sabellico, MafFei of Volterra, and 
Bergomas. After 151 1 it becomes obvious that all 
the references to Columbus and his voyages are inspired 
by the RaccoUa of Vicenza, its various translations, and 
the Decades of Peter Martyr. Towards the end of the 
sixteenth century, authors, including even Conrad Ges- 
ner, begin to quote the Letter itself, but in almost all 
instances it is with the addition of an honest apud^ 
referring directly to the monk Robert's Bellum Chris- 
Hanarum Principum. 

De Cosco's Latin translation was republished in an 
appendix to Charles Verardo*s drama on the conquest 
of Granada*', and afterwards inserted in Robert's coUec- 
tion*\ In 1602 Andrew Schott*' again published the 
De Insults in his rare Hispania illustrata^^. It is also in 
Amati's StoricO'Critico-ScienHJichey copied from No. 4**. 

'* Im iaudem Sertniuimi Ferdinandiy &c. ; 
1494, sine loco (Baale, by de Olpe), 8vo, last 
seven leaves $ which edition of 1494 we be- 
lieve to be the only one of the original Ve- 
rarduus containing the Dt Intulit The 
Raesdel catalogue (No. 11 17) mentions a 
Rome edition with the /)< Insuih^ I494v 
which we think erroneous, as the Rome 
editions of the FerardMs do not contain 
the Letter. Mr. Major, in his valuable 
Si/eci Letters^ page vi, also quotes ** another 
edition of the letter forming a sequel to 

Verardrntf folio, printed In Basle, 1533,** 
which we think to be only the fi^ow- 
ing : 
** Belium CkrhtianormMprimci^mi Basle, 

fol;> »533>P*««"6>«y- 

** The mysterious and imtro&vahie *' £s- 
coto** of Muftos and Navarrete. "Frank- 
fort, 5 vols, fol., 1603-8, art. xzii. Vol 11, 
page ia8a, jf. 

** Milan, 8vo» 1828-30$ Vol. nr, pages 
31^18, from a copy in the Trivulgio 
libr., Milan. 

Digitized by 


BiiUotheca Americana. 


We find the text with a French version in C. M. 
Urano*s translation of Bossi% in the Paris edition of 
Navarrete*, and in M. de Rosny's late publication*'. 

With an Italian version, the text, taken from No. 2, 
has been inserted in the original work of Bossi**. Navar- 
rete^ gives it from No. 3, with a Spanish translation, and 
Mr. Major with a correct Englisn version and valuable 
introduction in \i\^ Select Letter:^. It is likewise in our 
Notes on Columbus^ copied line for line, with the original 
abbreviations, from No. i. 

In Italian alone, it is inserted in a pompous octavo, 
lately published". 

A German translation was printed as early as 1497 
{scGinfra)y whilst, according to Tross% one Charles Fon- 
taine dedicated to " M. d'lvor. Secretaire du Roy," 
a French version, which was published at Lyons by 
Rigaud, in 1559, i6mo, under the title of ^^ La De- 
scription des terres trouuies de nostre temps** 

The first version in English — and a very poor one it 
is — ^we find in the Edinburgh Revie^tfi^; the last was given 
in the New York Historical Magazinfi^. 


Dirett reftrencet : C MiuiSL, Bihihtktca Hhtorica^ Vol. x, Part ii, page 237. 
j Aspinwall Catalogue, No. i. 
I TsftNAVX, Bihliotkiqme jtmiricmine^ No. 2. 
Sykes* Cata]f)gae» F^t ui, No. 234. 
BiMitkecm Greinfiliiana, page 158. 
SerapoHm^ 1845, Vol. vi, page 350. 
Appendix to N. Y. reprint of Sfllmch^ page xliii $ letter B. 
BtVNKT, MMHueLf Vol. II, col. 163. 
Gt.«r.s8x, TresoTy Vol n, page 218. 
Notts •« CoiumlmSf fbl., 1865, pages 117-124} letter A. 

** Paris, 8vo, 1824, and 1825-8. 

•• Paris, 8vo, 1828. 

** I^ttre de Ckriuophe CoUmhi Paris, 
8iro, 1865, 44 pp. 

** Raee9lts completa ; t, /. (Lyons), 8vo, 
1864, with a stately portrait of the trans- 
lator, which, in a complete collection, might 
have been replaced writh advantage by a 
trantcripc of the Libro de Proftciat^ and of 

the notes in the hand of Columbus, which 
fill the margin of the copy of D*AiUy*s 
Jim^o mmndi^ in the Columbian library ut 

"* Catalogue, 1865, ^o* 'S^^ 
** For Decemb., 18 16, pages 505-11. 
Republished in the Antlectic Afagasune, 
Vol. IX, pages 516-522. 

•' For April, 1865, pages 114-118. 

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1 6 BibUotheca Ameriama. 

^493* 2. COLUMBUS (CHRlSTOFHBR)^Rect$ of the SMnd Urf: 

£piftoIa <Et¥iftofeti <Etolom (ntf etas nofttallmul:: 
ta Kebet: He JnfuUs in matf JiOiico nitpllfnitltiss* 
2Ui quad petqufrenliass octami antea||menfe: auf:^ 
pid|0 et ete Jnuiettfnmf jpetnanlif |||${lpanfatttm 
lElegto miffu0 fuerat) aH ^ag- 1| nfiiaim nffm lEla^ 
pf^aelef ^anxfs: efuHif fete-llnifHnif lElesis Ci^e^ 
faurarifi miffa. quam nobilllte ae litteratf bit ^b 
aiUiei: D <Etofco: ab |$if-||pano sneomate in latfnfl 
eonuettft: tertio ftr^ll^afi* ^*cece*xcif|. Vontf:? 
iieattts Olexannd || ^extf anno ydmo* H* 

*^ Sm. 8vo, iM^ /i9r^ ant anno; ten leaves, twenty-seven lines in a 
fiill page; eight woodcuts, r^. ; single escutcheon of Castile 
and Leon on recto of the first leaf; and on the verso a vessel, 
with the words : Oceanka cUssis / on verso of the second leaf, 
men landing, and InsnU bjspana $ on verso of the third leaf, a 
kind of map, with the words: Fernada^ Tsahelk, byspana, 
salnatoriit conceptorts^ marii^ and a caravel ; on the recto of 
the fifth leaf, the woodcut of the verso of the second leaf is 
repeated ; on the verso of the sixth leaf, a town or fort in 
process of construction, and the words Insula bjspana ; on 
recto of the tenth leaf, full-length portrait of Ferdinand, hold- 
ing the escutcheon of Castile and Leon in his right hand, 
and that of Granada in his left, and the words : Firnid* rex 
h%spania$ on the verso, solitary coat-of-arms of Granada, and 
the word Granntn. No water-mark, 

(Private Library, New York.) 

wiki t Concerning iiUnda diacoT- addreiaed to the nc4»le lord Rt^kmi Smmx* 

Letter from Christopher Cdom Ut Treaiorer of the same most serene 

(to whom our age oweth much : concern- King, which the noUe and learned man 

ing the iabnds im tkt ImMsm mm recent- jtliaaJer ir CS»«co; translated from the 

ly discoTered. In search of whkh he Spanish idiom into Latin x tlie third 

was sent eight months ago 4 under the day of the calends of May, 1493. The 

aaspkes and at the expense of the in- Year One of the Pontificate of Alexan- 

vindhle King of the Spains FerJinsM^ der VI. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 17 

The present is the only perfect copy known, and for- 1 493* 
merly belonged to M. Libri. There is another copy ^sbb^ 
in the British Museum. There was one also in the 
Brera library at Milan, which served for Bossies' and 
the Edinburgh Review* versions, but it has lately been 
stolen'. The latter, as well as the Grenville copy, lacks 
the tenth leaf, and therefore the last two woodcuts. 

Brunet^, in answer to the supposition that the present 
might have been printed at Granada, because it bears 
the arms of that city, says : " Cette conjecture serait 
fort hazardee, car les memes armes se trouvent dans 
Tedition imprimee a Bile en 1404." What we find in 
the Basle edition [set infra) and in the present, in the 
form of an escutcheon, is the coat-of-arms which Fer- 
dinand holds in his left hand ; but the solitary shield, 
which is so conspicuous on the verso of the last leaf 
of this No. 2, is not to be found in the VerarduSy 
nor in any other book mentioned by bibliographers. 

Dintt rtftrtmces : f Biklioiketm Gremtilliaua^ p«ge 158, where the date of ** 1494 or 
•i 1495** >* Mcribed to the above, *< at it cootaini the tame wood- 
I CQti at thote oted in the fourth edition of fiemardiant de Olpe,** 
which it totally inadmittible, at the Utter lackt three woodc«tiy 
to tay the leatt. 
Haim, SLeftrtoriimy No. 5491. 
N. Y. Sfllmei9^ page zliii ; letter A. 
GaAxttx, Vol. II, page %%%, 
Notes on Columhit, paget 118-120$ letter B. 

' yUa di Cristpforo OJomho ,* Milan, mlis Imftutis, Eodem fbl. 2. verw tabn- 

(▼o^ 1818, paget 167-174, and French la exhibent Intulam Hytpaaam. Fol. 3. 

tnntlation, Parit, 8vo, 1814, paget 203- recto teqnitor Epbtola, eodem Terao tabula 

241. exhibent Intulat Fernandam, Itabellam, 

* For December, 18 16, paget 505-11. ftc. Fol. 4. teqnitur teztut. Fol. 5. recto 

' The fbUowing detcription, copied from iterator tabula exhibent OciMmiam cisstem, 

a mannacript annotation in the Brera li- eod. rerto, oti St fol. 6^. tequitur textut. 

brary, and which betrayt the hand of an Fol. 7^ Teno tabula exhibent Intulam 

adept, probably that of Zaccaria, fully iden- Hytpanam. Deinde tequitur textut utque 

tifiet the copy : ad 9^ fol. rectum quo Epittola abtolTitur 

** Conttat fbliolit norem in 8® vel 4® abtque ulla nota typograph. char. ett. Oo- 

ptrro. FoL primo recto habemur intignia thicut nitidut. Linea in qualibet pug. 27. 

Regit Hitpanite. cum Intcripdone Reg. Detunt cuttodet St numeri paginar. FoL 

Hispaniie ; eod. Terto tabula exhibent !■. 2*. 3". St 4", pre te fount tigna- 

Ocesakam cisstem, Fol. 2^ recto Epittolte turat i, ij, iij. Tabnlte ligno exculptc, ted 

iiiitinm cum titulo tupra relato cui prs- tatit elegantet. Initialet literae pictK.** 
nuttuntur hsc verba char. maj. De Im- * Manmel^ Vol. o, col. 163. 

Digitized by 


1 8 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. 3. COLUMBUS (CBRISTOFBERyJL SpiftOUl 0|t{ftOfOtf 

— — tfolom ; ml eta» nniixK multum lirtet: TiellJnfuns 
Jnliie fttinra iSangem niqiet fnuMs. ftli quass pet^ 
quftenlllias octami antea menfe aulpftifs 7 ete fn^ 
uictimmotttm jTetnaiDii || or Kelifatet l^fipanbi^ 
lElesS miffus fuetot: (Oi Jlllasnfiicii liffm||<ftattrie^ 
lem^ancfiess: eotuiOiemfetenUnmotttinlEUgttinCe:? 
fau-||ra(ffi mfffa: <t|it3 genetoffts or litterotus bit 
leannei: He ttofco atlll^ffpaiu) Uifomiite in latfitft 
cSttftttt: tertio Itoleft ^air* ^«cccc«||xdif« yon^ 
tiiicat«0 Olnanlitf ^exti ftniui |hrfmo«|| 

C$l$pbon : 

mo )rflL ^«(ctr«xcUMl* 

*^* Sm. 4to, three unnumbered printed leaves and one blank, forty 
lines in a full page. 

(PriYtte Libfiry, New York and Provideiice.) 

Dirwet nftrtMeti t f HAtMy tUftrfrimm^ Vol, i^ Part n, page 175. 
•j MufloB, Hht^rim dtl Nutv Mmmdt^ page 7. 
I Natabbstb, Oltceitiy Vol I, page 176. 

BiUi9tkees OremfiUimnm^ page 15!. 

TaajiAVXy Bihiiptk, AMemim^ No. ). 

Appendix to N. Y. 4r//tff/«, page sIt ) letter D. 

JViMiM m Mmkms^ page 122 ; letter C. 

BavMXT, VoL n, col. 164. 

OaAxauy VoL n, page 75, ttatet that the copy in the Ambrooan 
Ubraiv lacks, in die title» the words mfrs O^mgtm, We have 
exanuned fomt c opi es ooiself, and read the daecripMi of fire more, 
hot without discoTering such an omission. The only supposed 
variation Is in t 

Boone's Lond. Ostal., No. 278, where there is a mention of a copy 
alleged to have the date printed ^ 1492,** and which we think to 
be only the above with the last fignre eflbced or Uorred, which is 
not a very oncommon device on the part of certain booksellen 
to find a ready market for their %vares. 

^ AagBel t Letter from Christopher ktUm : addressed to the noble lord Gmkritl 

Colom : to whom onr age oweth mitch t &ari«f, IVeasnrer of the most serene 

concerning the Islands of India beyond Sovereigns t which the likersl and learned 

the Ganges recently di sc ov e red. In the man iMtmdtr it Coteo translated ftom the 

search of which he was sent eight Spanish idiom into Latin, the third day of 

months ago onder the aospices and at the calends of May, 1493$ the Year One of 

the expense of the most invincible Sov- the Pontificate of Alexander VI. Printed 

ereigns of the Spains, FtrStrnwi and /m- at Rome by Bncharras Silber, A. D. 1493. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca yimertcana. 19 

4* COLUMBUS {CHM13T0PH0RUSy^(L SpfitOlS <S|tfftO:? '493* 

fotf <Sol0m : nil etau noftta mwltft nrtet : He || 3ii^ — 
fmlto JiOiie fuinra 9anitm niqiet fimltto* A)i quas 
pet^ten-IIHae octami antea menfe aufpftifss r ete fiu 
mfctiffemo^ jTetnAHi z \\ mtHSattt ftUpania^ lEleg« 
miSSw Uttat: a)i magnitintm Hffm || <BattieIem 
Sban^Ui totmrii ftttniSSivunt lEtegtmi Q:efautatffl|| 
mfffa : q«a notUto or litutatnsi bit leaiOiei: He 
tfofeo at l^ifpallno Uiiomate fn latinum ttutttit 
ttttio ltal'0 ^ftaii. ;W.eeec.xeitt|||tontiiicattt0 ftleac^ 
anHd ^extf ftnno primo.ll^ 

\* Sm. 4to, /Mr/ irir»« ant Uc§, four leaves, thirty lines in a fiill 
{Mige. No water-mark. 

(PriTate Library, N«w York an4 Provideace. The only 
other copies known are in the British Maic«m» the 
Munich Royal Library, an4 in the collection of a French 

Direet rtfirtncti: f Fossi, Biblhtk, Mt^iis^Jki^ Vol. i, col. 561. 

•I Pamsbs, j^khmUs iyp»gr.^ Vol. 11, page 544, ascribes it to 
I Plannck. 

CAMCxLuxai, DisMTtmuMif page layj on the authority of the 
famous Dainish physician, P. 6. Henaler. 

Hain, Reper f r iu m^ Vol. 1, Part u, No. 544S9 (»k fr% 54I9). 

Bikli9tbeca Hekeriaas^ Part ti, No. 837, ''bound with this are sereral 
Latin Orations, printed at Rome at the end of the fifteenth cen- 
tury. From Cardinal Fesch*s library.** 

BiUitkecM Greuvillimmm^ page 158. 

TsaMAVz, BihRtk, jhuncmim^ No. i. 

BavMiT, Vol. n, coL 164. 

GaAxssx, Vol. n, page 228. 

Trass' Catalogue, 1S65, No. 4. Notwithstanding the high price, 
the catalogue was scarcely out that there were seven applications 
(or the plaqoettc. 

Appendix to N. Y. SjUmeh^ page xlv \ letter C, and in 

N9tti on Ct/umhu^ page 122$ letter D. 

* Anglki X Letter from Christopher Co- noble lord Gmkrid SMukit^ Treasurer 

lorn : to whom our age oweth much : of the same most serene Monarchs t 

concerning the Islands of India beyond which the noble and learned man Le- 

the Ganges recently discovered. In the tfnitr de Cosco translated from the Span- 

icarch of which he was sent, under the ish idiom into Latin, the third day of 

Auspices and at the expense of the most the calends of May, 1493. The Year 

invincible Sovereigns of the Spains, Fer- one of the Pontificate of Alexander 

^MMBd and luiMls : addressed to the VI. 

Digitized by 


20 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. 5, COLUMBUS (CHRISTOPHBUy-RiCf •/ the first Urf: 

))(irtfin0 in rqiii gatttarMn 

Ktcto $f the second leaf: 

€)ttfl0k Cbrtflfiffirt Cun 

lorn: ntf etas nfa multft Hebet: He Jnfulto fnnie 
fttinra iBangemllniqiet fnuentto. IXn quasi petquftf^ 
I190 octaiio antea menfe au || fpftiis 7 ete inulctff::: 
Ami jTetnannf Kifpaniatum lEtegis miffns || fuetat : 
a)i magniiicfl Hflt Idapf^aelem ^aiuds: eiuHif fetc^ 
nffflllmi lEtegis Q:efaurarifi mfffa: q«a nobUto at 
lfat«0 bit ^Utnetline <Etofco ab Kffpano Uieomate 
in latina conuevtit : tetcio ftr^ II ^aii. §Bi.tttt.xti\\. 
yatiiicat«0 ftlexantf. bl ftnno 

In fine: 

<Etbtiftofottts <Solom (i^ceane claffls yrefectus. 

*^* Sm. 4to, sine anno, but printed, like the following, by Guyot 
Marchant, as it bears the imprint of the Chamf-GailUird. 
Four leaves, including the title; thirty-nine lines in a full 
page. The woodcut representing Guyot Marchant's mark, 
which we reproduce in No. 6, is not in this. On the verso 
of the first leaf, a woodcut representing the angel appearing to 
the shepherds. 

( Private Library, Providence.) 

* AngiUit Letter concerning the Islands the most invincible King of Spain, Fer- 

newly discovered. Printed at Paris in the dinand : addressed to the noble lord Ra- 

Champ-Gaillard. pJkati Samxis : Treasurer of the same most 

Letter from Christopher Colom : to serene King : which the noble and learned 

whom our age oweth much: concerning man Aliander de. Cosco translated from 

the Islands of India beyond the Ganges the Spanbh idiom into Latin : the third 

recently discovered. In the search of day of the calends of May, 1493. Of the 

which he was sent eight months ago Pontificate of Alexander VI, the Year one. 
under the auspices and at the expense of ' Bxunxt, Vol. 11, col. 164. 

Digitized by 


Bibliothica Americana. ll 

This copy, which originally belonged to Teraaux' 1493* 
(although it is mentioned neither in the Raesdel Cata- ^tmm^^mm 
logue nor in the Bibliothique AmiriaUne)y is supposed to 
be the only one known; but a pamphlet* which we have 
just received from Paris leads us to the belief that the 
imperial library in that city likewise contains this No. c. 
The said pamphlet professes to give the text '^ d'apres 
la rarissime version latine conservee a la Bibliotheque 
Imperiale ;" and we see from the transcript that the first 
line in the title reads : " Epistola de Insults de Nouo re- 
perils y** and that it also contains the subscription at the 
end. The reader will notice that the first line in No. 6 
reads ** Epistola de insulis nouiter repertiSy^ while it omits 
altogether the closing subscription: Christofarus Colom 
Oceane classis Prefectus. 

Dirtet referemcesi 

Stevens, Ameriemm Bikiitgrmfker^ page 67. 

Historical Nuggets^ No. 618. 

Ebcrt, Vol. I, page 371, for this or the fbllowinf, m they are the 

only ones which have the word refertis inttnd of imwnis in 

the first title. 
Appendix to N. Y. Sj^Uaeio, pages zlvi-ilvii } letter E. 
Notet 9M O/urnhmSf page I S3 } letter F. 

* Ltttre it CMriMt9pke Co/owih. Trmdmu 
fmr Lmcieu de Rosnj} Paris, Svo, 1865; 
44 pp. It is to be regretted that the <<Co- 
mit^ d*Arch^logie Americaine de France** 
— whatcTer that is, and under whose auspi- 
ces that reprint has been published — should 
not have endeavmred to explore the Bibli- 
oth^ucs Imperiale and Maxarine, which 
certainly contain rarities relating to Ameri- 
can bibliography, and the description of 
which would have given some value to their 
<* appendice bibliographique.** The trans- 
lator of the Columbus letter in the EMnh. 
Rtview fo€ December, 18 16, states (page 
510), after describing the Brera: *<We 
have seen three other copies in the French 
King*s library at Paris.** M. de Rosny*s 
pamphlet (although very imperfect as a 
bibliographical contribution, as it does not 
even give the number of pages, and neglects 
to mention the woodcut) enables us to ac- 
count for one; but what are the other 
two? We also beg leave to correct 
some slight misukes. The Codex diplo^ 
mstiemt (/. e, Ctdice DipUmatieo Coi§mk0- 

Ameriamo) was not published at ** Gnu^vt,** 
but at Genoa; nor does it contain the 
Journal of Columbus, to which M. de 
Roeny imagines the great navigator alludes 
when he writes: **fmee U imiiucmjmspie 
rei in kec mestro itimere gestet imrentetfme 
Mdmemesut,** The only traces of that valu- 
able journal, unfortunately abridged Inr Las 
Casas, which we could find outside of Na- 
vairete (Co/mt/m, Vol. i, pages 1-175, 
and in the Fr. transl.'. Vol. u, pages i- 
338), is in a volume, now very scarce, and 
which deserves the honor of a reimprestton : 

ji Per tonal Narrative of the Vojagts of 
Oolwmhnt to America^ from a Aiammterift 
rectmthf discovered in Sfaim. Translated 
from the Spanish [by the late Samuel 
iCettell, at the suggestion of the learned 
historian of Spanish Literature]. 

Boston, 8vo, 1827, pp. 303. 

As to Bernaldes* Historia de los Reyes 
Cat6licos, it has been printed. We have a 
copy befi)re us, which bears the imprint of 
** Granada, Imprenta y libreria de D. Joii 
Maria 2Lamora, 1856,** % vols. 4to (e^ted 

Digitized by 


22 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493* 6. COLUMBU8 (CHRISTOPHERy-Riet$ •/ the first leaf: 


Recte rf the second leaf: 

lorn: nti ttM nfa multft )id)ft: He JnAilto iiOiie 
fwpc^i iBangem || nitper ittuentitt. mr quiis petqttivfs 

by Miguel Lifiiente 7 Alc&ntara) j but it * jfmg/ici: Epistle concerning the itUndt 
does noc **conterTe en paitie»** or at all, newly ditcoTered. Printed at Paris in the 
the Jovmal. Champ-Oaillard. 

Digitized by 


Biblioiheca Ainericana. 23 

)ra0octaiuianteameiifeait||^idr0reteinitfctifnitii 1493* 
^fentaiOii H^Upanfantm lElegitf mfffittfllliietat: a> 
magnitidi )iflf lElaptaelem ^anxto : tinUA fttmiS^ 
nil mi l£tegto Sefaitvarifl mfffa: quS noliilitf oc 
lfato0 bte9P[iS]ier||)ie <Etofto aim^i^ano {Heomote 
in latin€ toniuttit: terdo ftrss || ^iUir* ^.ixccjrdir. 
|i9tlti(atu0 9P[ex3)iti* bi* Sinno inrimo : || 

*^ Quarto, sme 4nM$, thirty-nine lines in a full page. On the 
verso of the title, woodcut representing the angel appearing to 
the shepherds. The subscription at the end of No. $, viz.: 

<St)¥iftofo¥tt0 <Etolom Oteane tlofHs VtefMuss, 

18 omitted in this. In other respects it is preciselj like 
No. J. 

(Private Library, ProTidencc. The other two copies kaowa 
are in the Bodleiaa* and OAtcingea UniTeiiltjr libraiiet'.) 

" Guyot-Marchant qui demeurait au Champ-Gaillard, grand h5tel 
de Navarre, avait choisi pour marque les deux notes /#/, Zt, au has de 
desquelles ^taient les initiales G. M. ; puis la foi representee par 
deux mains jointes, pour faire allusion k ces paroles : S$la fides sufi' 
fit, tirees de I'hymne Pawgi Lingua** 


; rSriT 
-j sin 

J^rtct rgfirtmett : f Stbtsms, Aauriemn BlUkgrt^ker, pift 6f, lor a well-extcoted ftc- 
simile of the woodcnt on the reverse of the title, which b also 
given in Appendix to N. Y. SfUsd^^ with a description, pages 
xlTu-xlviii I letter F, and 

Notet •n CUumhm^ page IS3, also under the letter F. 

HisfHcal NuggtUf No. 617. 

Baimrr, Vol. n, col. 164. 

OaABSBS, Vol. n, page ataS, for this or for No. 5. 

' Catalogue of Mr. Do&ce*t ColUctiom^ lections of the monastic orders in Italy 

page 70. contain not only valoable manuscripts, but 

* This cloees the series of the separate printed books of the utmost rarity and im- 

cditions known to exist of Cosco*s version portance to the student of American his- 

of the Letter of Colambas to Sanches. tory \ and a printed Spanish original of the 

Some others nuy yet come to light, as Letter perhaps tdll lies concealed in their 

none of the great Italian libraries have unexplored archives, 
ever been thoroughly searched to that ' Risimi AisfHfiu in Mim^ira di Is 

effect. We are of opinion that the col- Sociiii di» AntifusirtSf Vol. xiu. 

Digitized by 


24 Biblhiheca Americana. 

1493* 7. COLUMiBUS (CHMISTOPBERy-SbttUtXpfn HUt Sf I^Ut 

— — aitvriis placet lie la grairti || bfctotia que nfro feftot me 
t^a )ia)io en mibsafe || boss tSctim efta pov la 41 fab:^ 
vestf como I xrtur lllifass pafe alass Jnlifass eOla ats: 
malia qite Ioflllit||ftttt<iiiu)0 lEles r vesnanfoss St^ 
flotess me )iieton||)ioiaie50 falle mit|) mueliass JHass 
l>obla)ia0 eon gto fgn || nnmeto. s liellass toliass l^e 
eonuOio itofefftfl pox iusi altetassHeoniiteson s bfllieta 
real tfti^itin s nQ me fue eOtralifelio : || 

Thi ahnfi givis the first eight Imis •ftbe fUqmtti ; tbi felUwrng 
thi Ust thru: 

Sfta eattaembio <Etolon a lefetinano Seraeionll 
lielass Jflatf l^allaliatf en lass Jnlifass, <Etonten{)ia||a 

*^* Sm. 4tOy without title, colophon, date orprinter't ntme ; four 
letvety thirty-two lines in a full page. Water-mark : an open 
hand with a kind of small flower over the third finger. 

(Ambronan Libmy.) 

The preceding six numbers represent the separate 
editions known of the Latin translation of the letter 
addressed by Columbus to Raphael Sanchez on his 
return in 1493 ; but, as we have observed, the great 
navigator wrote immediately afterward, and sent at the 
same time another letter directed to Luiz de Santangel, 
the ''£scribano de Racion," or Steward of the House- 
hold of Aragon, to whose exertions he was mainly in- 
debted for the approval of the project by Isabella, and 
who had himseltsupplied either out of his private purse 
a portion of the expenses of the expedition {Eiien\ Ferd. 
Columbus y Herrera^ Mufioz)^ or the whole from the Ara- 

fonese revenues deposited in his hands (Prescot^). The 
panish text of the letter to Santangel had been made 

> Dt VMM Thti London, 4(0, 1611$ ' Ferdinsmd smd JssM/s^ Vol. it, page 
Preamble. iiS. 

Digitized by 


BUBotheca AmmcMa. 25 

known through Navarrete', who possessed a transcript I403« 
from the original, which in 181 8 was still deposited ^bhbhh 
among the archives at Simancas. It was not known 
then, or even suspected, that this important document 
had been printed before. In 1852 the Baron Pietro 
Custodi, the learned continuator of Verri's SioriadiMi- 
hmo^ died, bequeathing to the Ambrosian library his own 
private collection. This valuable library contained a 
plaquette, heretofore undescribed, which was supposed 
to be, even by the erudite Prof. Longhena, the original 
Spanish text of the letter to Sanchez, known now only 
through the miserable Latin version of Aliander de 
Cosco. This plaquette, however, was the letter ad- 
dressed to Santangel, giving a text very similar to that 
already published by Navarrete, but containing some 
variations of a curious character as regards dates and 
names. For instance, we find '^ en xxx dias pase a las 
Indias," whilst the Navarrete codex gives "en veinte 
dias," both of which numbers are erroneous, as we 
know from the paraphrase of the journal made by Las 
Gisas^, that Columbus reached the Western lands in 
" setenta y un dias." At the end we find : " Esta carta 
embio Colon a lescriuano Deradon de las Islas halladas 
en las Indias, Ctrntenida a otra Desus Altezas," instead 
of Navarrete's rendering : ^^ Esta carta envi6 Colon al 
Escribano de Racion de las islas halladas en las Indias 
e [en?] otra de sus Altezas,'' which does not make 
sense, whilst the Ambrosian text indicates that the San- 
tangel letter was written subsequendy to the Sanchez, 
as it was enclosed within the latter. 

This rarissime plaquette is printed in a kind of semi- 
gothic type, of the roughest cnaracter, resembling none 
of the incunabula which we have been able to examine. 
The fact alone that the text is in the Spanish language 
authorizes the belief that it was printed in Spain. The 
printers of the fifteenth century were not accustomed 

' Otktehm^ Vol. i, paget 167-75. * 0»lteeiii^ pages 1-166. 


Digitized by 


i6 BibUothica yfrnmcoHO. 

1493. to print works in languages different from that of the 
^Bans country in which they lived. For instance, Rome was 
a great centre and mart for typographical productions, 
and the number of books whicn were published in that 
city from the time when Sweynheim and Pannartz re- 
moved from the monastery of Subbiaco (1467) to com- 
mence printing in Rome, to the last book printed by 
Eucharius Silber in 1509, is considerable, yet Audif- 
fredi's masterly Catalogus historicthcriticus Romanorum 
editumum S^cuU XV does not contain a single work, 
printed in any other language than Latin or Italian. 
Then why print abroad a small pamphlet in Spanish ? 
The skill of the Spanish printers was quite adequate to 
a work of that description. The only Spanish incuna- 
bula which we have been permitted to examine (Ortiz* 
Tratados, No. 10) is really a beautiful specimen of the 
typographical art. On the other hand, it is evident, 
from the appearance of the plaquette, that it was issued 
to answer the wants of the moment, and in an off-hand 
manner. For, as Humboldt justly remarks', such were 
'* Tetat et la voie des communications litteraires rela- 
tives aux evenements les plus graves dans Tespace de 
quinze on vingt ans anterieurs a la mort de Vespuce,*' 
mat the only means employed to propagate important 
news ''etaient des lettres ou de petites notes manu- 
scrites rapidement multipliees par des copies, quelque- 
fois impnmees, le plus souvent sans indication de la 
source a ou elles etaient tirees/* 

But where in Spain and by whom ? Let the fortu- 
nate bibliophiles who possess books printed by Posa, 
Gumiel, or Moros of Barcelona, Johannes of Bureos, 
Unjzut and Stanislaus Polonus of Seville, or de Villa 
of Valencia, decide the question. With only one Span- 
ish incunabula, and that three hundred miles away, we 
consider the undertaking impracticable. 

We were in hopes that the water-mark might prove a 

* BMsmem CrtHfrnt, VoL it, pift 71. 

Digitized by 


BiUhthica jimericoMa. 


guide. True it is that the open hand, with something 
resembling a stalk and leaf or flower over the third finger , 
— the usual symbol of faith given or kept* — which is 
rather conspicuous in the plaquette before us, is also to 
be found within the woof or warp of the paper used by 
Cromberger of Seville in his edition of Enciso's Suma 
de Geagraphia (uiq), and of Oviedo's Historia General 
(1535), which, if tne mark had been exclusively used 
by Cromberger, would locate the plaquette at Seville 
between the years 151 1 and 1546^; but we regret to 
say that, in this instance, the water^mark cannot be 
relied on. Not only do we find an identical one in 
many of the Caxtons*, but it is quite frequent in 
Netherland manuscripts which bear dates extending 
from 1445 to the end of the sixteenth century^. 

The text of the Ambrosian plaquette was first pub- 
lished three years ago'^ It is also in two late Amer- 
ican publications". The Marquis D'Adda has lately 
reproduced the entire letter in rac-simile'\ 


Dirttt rtftrtmcn x f '* Lm, Jkotft^ M CrUitf, CUmd^f MtUsm^ itM, 1163, pp. 7*-S5. 
•i Himrksl MtgmAi^ New York, for SepConber, i S64. 

I ** Nttes m Mmhuf New York, fcl^ i365ypa|et 19-100. Ltt- 
tert 0/ Otiamhmt dtufi^wg kh firm ^^ysgt M tkt ff^tturm 
HoMit^Mert f New York, 4tO| 1965, pages 1-5. 

* MoMTrAVCOM J sfmd Sotibbt. 

* Which art the yean between which 
the fint decade of Peter Martyr and the 
(hnum§ dt j§m*£t were printed at Seville 
by Jacoboa Cmmbergery Coramberger, or 
Krooberger — the latter work by hk soc- 
cnson a few yean after iut death. 

* Fm, : DeKtiftiwt •/ Britmm^ n. d. ; 
Dirtifrimm StKtrd»tmm^ n. d.{ Fuihtmlh 
Ukr^ 1483 i KmygMt 0/ tkt Twirf, 1483. 
See SoinsBT, Primcipim TyftgrsfJUs$ Lon- 
don, foLf 1S58, Vol. m, plate Qa. 

* The diacorery of that remarkable pla- 
quette should prompt the librarians of the 
Genoa UniTenity library, which contains 
ferty-fire thoosand Tolvmes, gathered ex- 
chairely from the Ligorian cloisters, and 
the keepest of the Boorbon Maseom at 
Naples, who are now the cnstodians of all 

the libraries which had bee 
among the Neapolitan convents 
they were svpprenad in 1807, to explore 
thdr nvmeroQS and ondistorbed alcoves, 
for the pnrpoae of exbnming bibliograph- 
ical treMores, which, in all probability, 
are lost to them as well as to the ootside 
world. Fossi*s and Andifiredi's catalogocs 
leave ns bat little hope of finding Colom- 
bian incnnabttla either in the .Miw/m- 
kmJki or CMtsmst0f and the hct that ifo- 
reUi was the librarian of the Saint Marc 
at Venice is also a sore indication that 
very little in the way of undescribed 
works relating to America is likely to be 
discovered in that ctuions Ubrary, which 
was founded by Petrarch. 

** Ltittrs {m iimm SfagmnU d, d, CHt-^ 
t$fir$ Oimh$f A£ian, 410, 1866. 

Digitized by 


28 BibUothica jimeriama. 

1493. 8. DjtTi (oiiiLZANo)-iL ^utftA t la i^sftotia lieOa 
tttiwttiae UlU iftefe Jfole )ii CTannavfa in Jn|| 
iffane extrocte tnina Spfftola )ii e^xiStotmo column 
I10 r pet mtttrt Oliit || Uano 9ati triUntcta tit latino 
in netn nlgati a laiUie e glotia Hella cele || ftiole 
toxU X oconfolotione Hella cri^tiftiana veligifle r 
optegl^irta Hel ma || gniflto <Eta«alirt mifet Ollouan^ 
filippo Selignamine ifomeftico familia || re )iello 
faaratifHrno lEte )ii ^pagna iEtt^viftianifHrno a )ii* 
xxb* ifoetolire. || W*cccela»ixiii* 11* 

In fau: 

Joannetf )iicttttf ;f loventinnss* 


4to» siMi Uf (Florence), four annombered ietvet in a com- 
plete copy» two columns in a Ptge, text in bltck letter. The 
present copy, which is the only one known, lacks the second 
and third leares. 

(Briddi Matevffl.) 

Giuliano Dati was born at Florence in 1445, and died 
Bishop of St Leone, in Calabria', in 1524. '^ D'antico 
Langue, insigne Teologo, Canonista &moso/' &c.^ au- 
thor of several poems', which are among the rarest of 
bibliographical curiosities. The present is one of them. 

* Aaglkl I Thb u the history of the the moit ncred and Chrittiui Kinf of 

ditcoTery of the Canary [? j islandt in the Spain, October S5th, 1493. John, aliaa 

Indies \ extracted from a letter of Christo- the Florentine. 

fiino Colombo, and translated from the ' Uohklli, Itsitm Smcts^ Vol. ix, p. 711. 
Latin into the common language, by Mr. * Nsoai, la^rtM degH Serin, Fl^rtmt. | 
Juliana Dati, for the praise and glory of Ferrara, fol., 1711, p. 305. Melsi, Bi^- 
the celestial court, and fat the consolation litfrmfia iei rimmnui i ptmi c, itstimmi f 
of the Christian religion, and at the re- Nulan, 8to, 1S38, p. 30S. 
quest of the magnificent Cheralier John ' Poccianti, CmoI, Script, FUrgmtimif 
Philip Delignamine,f private secretary of Florence, 4to, 1589, p. 103. Hain, Jt#- 
perttrimm^ No. 5963, Sf. AvDiFrrnxu, 

$trt. "ComctcorctmcceMear de Ulrich Hahn, 3*7» 3"» 3*9» 4"> "»«■ description of 
\ Rome de 1470 k 1481.**— -BnuMt, DUrtm, it other poems by Dati. 
mUkgr^^* CmtMipu, P* S94. 

Digitized by 


BUBotheca AmmcMa. 


It is not a translation of the first letter of Columbus, 
but only an ottava rima paraphrase, in sixty-eight stan- . 
zas, the first fourteen ot which contain a fulsome and 
vapid preamble, praising, among others, the infiimous 
Alexander Bof]^a. The following is a fair sample of the 
style of that mitred sycophant : 


4iU tf^i potefft leggete ne I fututo 
)ntiui aPlexAtrvo magno papa ftxto 

liella fita oreatione Umo)io pitro 
gtoto a ciofdUi aiuffft maf muldio, 

^ Helptimanno fiu il magno mitvo 
cf^e na glfpito neffuno ttitt infrfto 

f exto oUxaiitii poppaliorgia ffpano 

fitfto nel gittHicare ^ tttcto t^itmaitii.t 

The reader will find in our Additions {infra page 461) 
a description of another edition, dated 1495, which is 
preserved in the Trivulzio Library at Milan. 

Direct rtfkrtmut x ( TiBABOfoOy Si9Hm Mis LetttrMiMrs limiismsf Florence, iwo, iSo9» 
\ Vol. Ti, pi«e «7i. 
I BtvMiT, Vol. n, col. 164. 
Cocubili Catalogue $ Paris or Bologna^ ii$9^ page aoS, No. 1365. 
Appendix, to N. Y. SfUsch^ page lii. 

Nhh m C§/itmhiSf pages 140--6, for text and translation of the first 
nmrteen stansas. 

t Amgiici i 
**Biit in the future men shall read the 

Of Alexander, Sixth of that great name i 
Of his election, pure of erery guile. 
Hailed by the world with an approring 

Walled about from hb first papal year 
With general love and reverential fear | 
Benign to all, pope, Borgia, Son of Spain, 
In judgment righteous, and in heart hu- 


Columbus it introduced in the four- 

teenth stanta, in a kind of doggerel, of 
which the following is a version : 
*<Back to my theme, O Listener, turn 

with me 
And hear of islands all unknown to thee ! 
Islands whereof the grand discovery 
Chanced in this year of fourteen ninety- 
One Christopher Colombo, whose resort 
Was ever in the King Femando*s Court, 
Bent himself still to rouse and stimulate 
The King to swell the borders of his 
(For the text, see ij^j, p. 31.) 

Digitized by 


JO BibBothcM AmerieMM. 

Q. DAT! (GIULIjlNO)—Rt(t* »f tbt first Iff: 

Cl4ettcn dffl(btedklaiiwi«lwi«wiiMiMDttflReda|)apM. 


C Finita laftoria della iuedone del || le 
nououe ifole di candria idiane trac||te duna 
piftola dixpofano colobo &||p mefler Giu- 
tiano dad tradoda di la||dno i uerii uul- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Awuriama. 31 

gaii allaude della ce||leftiale corte & aeon- 1493* 
loladone della||chriftiana religione & ap- 
ghiera del||magnificocaualiere mefTer Gi- 
oud- II filippo del ignamine domeitico fa- || 
miliare dello illuftrifCmo Re difpa || gna xpi- 
anif&mo a di. xxvi. dodo- || bre. i4«93* H 
Florcntic. || 

%* 4to, four minumbered letTCt* indading the dtle, apon the 
Terto of which the text commencet in two columns ; ten full 
stanzts on etch ptge, none of which are broken at in No. 8. 
Text in Roman. Only copy known. There are material 
diferencet between this edition and the above. Here» we 
find a woodcQt» the text is in Roman, the spelling is d]£ferent» 
and the text, even, presents yariadons. Yet according to the 
colophon, only one day elapsed between the pnblicadon of 
Nos. 8 and 9. 

f Bnotli MotcwDal 

The following is the stanza in which Columbus is 
first introduced : 

Hor vo tomar almio primo tradato 
dellifole trovate incognite a te 
in qflo anno prefente ^fto e ftato 
ncl millequatrocento novStrate, 
uno che xpofan colobo chiamato^ 
che e ftato in corte der prefedo Re 
ha molte volte quefta ftunolato^ 
el Re ch'cerchi acrefcere il fuo ftato. 

Dintt nfortncei i ( Majok, Seltct Lttttrt^ ptget Ixxiii-xc, for the text. 

•j QvADEiOy Dei/a it$r$m t d, ri^9ui ^cgmi pta 4 Bolof nti 4to, 
I >739~5^ ^<^* 1^9 P^fc 49t ^<^ *^' ^*n>, 
Camcsllikbi, Distersmu9nif page 153, giret the date of mcouoouct. 
Biimrry Vol. n, col. 165. 
OiAint, VoL IT, page 183. 
Libri Catalogue, 1847, No. 1153. 
Appeadis to New York Sj^il^i^^ paget ]ii-4T. 

Digitized by 


31 BUBotheca Ammcana. 

^493* ^®* ^*^^^ {Ja.omo)^Ricf •/ tbi first Uaf: 

I'm tr(it(i)ii00 M Jwdor 

aiPUpP PFUP II resJCrotaiio cmrfolattnrto 

ala inrincefa )ie pottugol* jjjtem bna otodmi olns 

resess en latin s m romance II Jtem )iotf eartass vaJh 

farerass a loss resess* bna qne embio lla cilOia^ la 

otta el cabiDio irela sglefta )ie tole)io II CTratalio con^^ 

tea la carta )iel protf^onotario )ie Ineena^jl* 
/» /#/ .* 

;f ne imiirfmDio enla I m«s iui^l< ^ w«9 l^ftl (A^ 
)ia]i )ie 3< I «Ula, yor tress ftlemanes c9]ianer3ss. jj 
Chiel alio )iel feftor* IQUeeejcciff • jj 

%* Folio, one hundred numbered letvet, printed in black letter 
on two colomnsy ending with the printer's mark of Johannes 
Pegnizer, Magnus* and Thomas, tne three Germans abore 
mentioned, viz.: an oblong square with dark ground, and 
a white circle containing the letter T and the word ALE- 

(PriTtC* Librarjry Bottoo.) 

This collection of orations, treatises, and epistles, 
from a canon of Toledo not less famous for his big- 
otry than for his rhetoric', contains one of the earliest 
allusions* to the rediscovery of the Western hemisphere 

* AagtUl I The treatiiei of Doctor one bj the dtjr, the other by the Chapter 

AloDso Ortit. of the church of Toledo. 

Treatite coacemiiif the wooad pn- Tkcadte afiimt the letter of the pro- 

flicted] on the King [by aa anaitiA at thonotaiy De Locena. 
BarcdofUy Dec. 7th9 149s]. Printed in the Tory noble and fiuthful 

Tkeadae to comfort the Princeit of Por- city of SeTille, by three Oermant in part- 

tn|al. nenhip. In the year of our Lord, 1493. 

Alto^ an oration [addrmod] to the So- * TicnioBy Hntofy of Spanish Litera- 

▼creignay in Latin, and in the ▼tmacnlar tore. Vol* i, p. 379. 
h»CVif«* *NATAium, C$lMd0m^ Introdnctioa, 

Alio^twoepistleatenttotbeSoTcreignay p. li^mm. 

Digitized by 


BiiUotheea AmericMs. ^3 

by Columbus in 1492. It is to be found on the virso 1493* 
of folio ZLiii, in the oration addressed to Ferdinand and v^^iaa 
Isabella after the fidl of Granada ; and is as follows : 

**eti fm )iipamen-flti m hoSotcoB fntiptii glos 
dolb0 tmvltttn Ulittn f^afaflas IO0 om 9 totumW 
IO0 nunrtoUeK nOieteff 0)100 (d liigno II mntStimitnto : 
iuit$ no as genu tan H fiattara ann <{ f ea enlas inliiatf 
tftnollta. $ sa )» I1IO0 tan ptoffttosi lienci||milto0 
Sti sgnotante: a«n $ ])atefcS||llo0 fine0 folos Dl 
oriUlte l^afta t9 1| b!a0 liictotias ttSplmlitfttt. €a 
9lo0||flne0 tiela Uttta t^a falflio tal fondio 9||b!a 
foftoifta ({ t^a poliQio tetit lad o-Htreias lie to)ro0 
IO0 1iittienti0: )>on{fn-||)io panor olos mo¥a)iot(0 
be to)ia la tietta/'t 

IMmrf r^tnmeet: T AirroMiOy BihlitJUeM Hitpmn, Ntmm^ VoL i, page 39. 
•1 Pamsxb, jimMoles Tjpogr,^ Vol. nr, page 337. 
I Cabaixbbo, De Prims Typtgr, Hitfsm., Rome, 4tO| 1793, page 45. 
MlMDiSy Tyfcgr, EsfsMofsf Vol. I, page 194. 
Haxm, Repertorhm^ Vol. n, Part i, No. IS109. 
BiUiotkecM Htherimms^ Part ▼!, No. 1635. 
BaoMST, Vol. nr, col. 243. 
OaAint, Vol. T, page 56. 
Ntu M CoimmhuSf page 155. 

1 1. cMirjtyAL {BERNjiXDiif)-COTSitio fuperprae- 
ftanda folenni obedientia San-|| diiumo. 
D. N. Alexandre Paps vi ex parte Chri-|| 
ftianiflimorum. domino^ Fernandi & He- 
lifabe fjfcj Re||gis& Reginae Hifpania: 

f AaglUi t Behold ! the eyes of all mor- tones seem to shine in the remotest limits 
tals are jottly fixed upon you with merited of the Occident of Spain, as from the ex- 
approbation, O Olorions Princes ! for there tremities of the world such an echo of 
is no nation crer so barbarous, even in the your power has arisen that it could reach 
distant Indies, that b not aware of your the ears of all the liring, striking terror 
tfhunphs, so protperous, althongh your Tic- among the inhabitants of the whole earth ! 

Digitized by 



Bibtiotheca Americana. 

^493* habita Romae inconfifto || no publico per. 
R. Patrem dnm Bernardinum Car-||uaial 
Epm Carthagineii. die Mercurii. xix. lunii 
Sa||lutis Chriftian^. M.ccccxciii. Pontifi- 
catus eiufdemllD. Alexandri Anno Primo. 
In qua fuere quattuor ce||lebres Oratores: 
Nobiliffimus diis Didacus Luppillde Faro 
Galleciae uicerex. R.D. Gundiflaluus Fer-|| 
nadi Heredia Archiepifcopus Tarraconeii. 
Idem. D.llBernardinus Caruaial Epus Car- 
thaginen. D. lohan lines Methina Epifcopus 

C Vitulus & Leo fimul morabuntur: & 
puer paruulllus minabit eos. Efayae.xi*. 

^^ Sm. 4C0, for size ; signatures : a, ai, aii, aiii, aiiii, four blanks ; 
making eight unnumbered leaves. Sine anno aut loco (Panzer 
says,' after AudifFredi* and Denis," " Besicken vel Silberi") 
Hain ascribes it to Plannck.^ No water-mark. 

(Private L'tbr. New York and Washington city.) 

Bernardin de Carvajal, a Spanish Cardinal and states- 
man', born at Palencia about 1456, died in 1522 {Mo- 

* AngUci: A Sermon on the solemn 
pledge of obedience from the Most Chris- 
tian Sovereigns Ferdinand and Isabella, 
King and Queen of the Spains, to our Most 
Holy Lord the Pope Alexander VI ; de- 
livered at Rome, in a public assembly, 
by the Reverend Father, Lord Bernar- 
din Carvajal, Bishop of Carthagena, on 
Wednesday, June 19th, A. D. 1493, and 
of the Pontificate of the same Lord Alex- 
ander, the first year ; being present four 
celebrated orators, the very noble Lord Di- 
dacus Luppi de Faro, Vice-Roy of Oal- 

licia ; the Rev. Gonzalvo Ferdinand de • 
Heredia, Archbishop of Tarragona, the 
same Lord Bernardin Carvajal, Bishop of 
Carthagena, and John Methina, Bishop of 
Badajox. The calf and the lion will lay 
together, and a small child will watch 
them. Isaiah, xi. 

' Annmles Typogr,y Vol. u, page 506. 

' Catal, Romangt editha, Si^c, xv, page 

' Supplement ann. typ.^ Part u, page 530. 

* Repertorium, No. 4545. 

* OuicciAtoiNi, IttortM ^ItalUf Pita, 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 


rerf) or 1523 {Antonio^). It was while filling the office 1493* 
of Spanish Embassador to the Court of Rome that he aH^^HM 
delivered the above oration', which contains one of the 
earliest allusions^ to the rediscovery of the New World. 
Several of Peter Martyr d'Anghiera's letters are ad- 
dressed to him. He was excommunicated by Pope 
Julius II. The copy before us formerly belonged to 
the Duke of Sussex, and was purchased at an auction 
sale in New York. 

The passage begins at the sixteenth line of the verso 
of the sixth leaf, and is as follows : 


► . . fubegit qucKj fub eis xps fortuna- 
tas infulas. qua» fertilitate mirabile efle 
conftat. Oftdit & nup alias incognitas ver- 
fus Indos qu^ maxime ac plene oibgmun- 
di pciofis existimant : & xpo p regies iter- 
nuntios brevi pariturae credunf J 

Direct referemces : ( Pamxkb, Anuuhs Typegr.^ Vol. n, page 506. 

i AvoirriBDi, Catal, Romans edition, &rc. zv, page 315. 
I Dbnis, SmpplewuntM mnn, typ0gr,^ Part u, page 530. 
Haim, Repertorium, No. 4545. * 
Laiei, Sfeeim. Hist. Typogr^ page 175. 
BihliotbecM GremrilliMna, 
Cancxllieri, Ditsert4m,f page 189. 
Notes 0U Columbus^ ^^t 170. 

8vo, 1819 ; Vol. in, page 177. Mariana, 
HisiariM Gen, de Es^Ma f Madrid, fbl., 
1678, VoL n, page 183. 

* Dictiomnaire Hist,^ Vol. 11, page 171. 

* Bihliotkeca Hispanin Novn^ Vol. i, 
paffe 115. 

' CAMCKX.LIXKI quotes, in connection 
with that Embassy of Obedience : Ciao 
comvs [Vftit et res gestae pontif. et cardi' 
m/; Rome, 4 toIs. fbl., 1677, Vol. iii, 
page 170]. Palasxi, or Palatius [either 
his Gesta Pontijitnm^ Venice, fbl. 1687, or 
his Fasti Carinmlinm^ Venice, fbl., 1703, 
Vol. n, page 470]. Caioella [Mewsorie 

stor. de* Cardinaiif Rome, 4to, 179a, Vol. 
ni, page 153.] 

* NATAaam, Cb/rrcfM, Vol. i, Introd., 
page XLi. 

X Anglici : And Christ placed under 
their [Ferdinand and Isabella's] rule the 
Fortunate [Canary] islands, the fertility of 
which has been ascertained to be wonder- 
ful. And he has lately disclosed some 
other unknown ones towards the Indies 
which may be considered among the most 
precious things on earth; and it is be- 
lieved that they will be gained orer to 
Christ by the emissaries of the King. 

Digitized by 


^6 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1493. 12. DB ALMBiDA (FERDiNjiND)^Ad Alexaiidru. 
VI. Pont. Max. perd : de||almeida electi 
EccPie Septifl : & Serenifs : || lo. II. Regis 
Portugallie oratoris Oratio.H 
{in 4^ par.) 

Primo folio habetur Epistola dedic. Auctoris ad Joannem II. Folia 
in summa sunt IV., 8c character est Rom. elegans Besicken. Extat 
in Biblioth. privata SS. D. N. PII PP. VI. 


The present seems to be the oration delivered on the 
occasion of the Embassy of Obedience on the part of 
Portugal. This Almeida may be the F. Fcrdinandus de 
Almeida mentioned by Antonio*. At all events, it is 
concerning this No. 12, as well as No. 11, that Cancel- 
lieri exclaims :' 

''Qual contrasegno di gratitudine potevano mai daire que* due 
Sovrani, proporzionato a benefizio s! grande [/. e., the re-aiscoverjr 
of this country] compartito ad entrambi, col tratto il piii magnanimo 
del pii!i generoso disinteresse, senza essersi pensato da Alessandro VI, 
alia minima riserva^ o Possesso in America^ per la ^. Seie^ benchi 
egli da loro suto scelto per Giudice di si gran ControversU f Ci e 
rimasta memoria della solenne Obbedienza, presuugli in fuhhUf 
Concistoro da Ferdinando tTAlmeida^ Ambasciadore di Giovanni II, 
e da Bernardino de Carvajal, a nome di Ferdinando, e d* Isa- 

' Catalog, Romange edition, S^ec, zv, page 

* Bibliotktca Hitpmnia Nova^ Vol. i, 
page 367. 

* Diuerumioni^ page 189. 

^ AMgliel t What mark of gradtnde 
could thoae two •overeignt gire which 
should hare been propoitioiiate to the great 
benefit! divided between them bjr a trait 
of the moit magnanimous and liberal dis- 
interestedness ; the thought even nerer 
entering Alexander VFs mind to reserve 
the least possession in America for the 
Holy-See^ although they had selected him 

as the umpire in that great controrenjr ? 
The remembrance has been preserved of 
the Solemn Obedience sworn to in a pub- 
lic Consistory by Ferdinand d'Almeida, 
Ambassador of John II, and Bemardin 
jde Carvajal in the name of Ferdinand 
and Isabella. Cancellieri cites in con- 
necdon either with thu Portuguese Em- 
bassy t Novaes vi, S76, which we sup- 
pose to be the work mentioned by 
Meusel {Bihliotk, Histor,^ Vol. v, Part 
n, page 166), under the dtle of: am- 
Tdkn ooNSALVi DB NovAXS (Doctoris iuris 
canonici ct Ezamlnatoris synodaUs £pit- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca AmericMa. 37 

13. SCHEDRL (HARTMjiNN)^M^^jg^fVK%^t%\\\ ■ 

()mn0 0)ir-iin0 Ubrt 4T0-11 
nkammiiirn figttm tX xjm- 
(Mf-iibn0 ab intd0 tttSMtii* 

M^ $f Cthpbtn n vtrst tftht map wbieb ftlhw UafccxQvn : 

EH in II tuitfl autetn r pteces pvouDioi^ ciuiii i&es 
fioIHi ii^d)resetllr i&eliaftUni fuimemiatTtet tuiu 
Ittrum liominutf Antl^o II nius luibetget ^ttvtiii« 
tetge impreffU. AlrtiliUfas tami bi II ti0 mattematU 
d0 pingenliUiF arte petitifnmto. ^UfiaeU n toolges 
muti) (t toUtelnio ^leglientotttff. quairii folmi atus|| 
tatifnniocpaninuUittettione turn dttUatum tuni Ulufs 
tvittm II birootm figure inferte funt Confummatii 
autem 1iuo)ieri-H ma menfis Julii. Anno foltttis n!e. 


*,* Large folio, three hundred leavei numbered on the recto; 
leavet cclviiii, cclx, cclxi, blank on both sidet, bat num> 
bered. These blanks were left for the purpose of annotations 
(see verso of leaf cclviii). The six unnumbered leaves, con- 
taining it Sarnueis rtgitmt Eurtpe, come, in this copy, im- 
mediately after leaf ccLxvi, which contains the following sub- 
scription : 

<Erompleto in fanun^nma ^uremiiergenn urte 
®1ierlll1ie tsftori^s etatum munlii. at Hefcriptione 
ttrtium. fe-Hlix imponitur finis. <Erolledttm lireui 
tempore Ettxilio 1iocto||ri0 tartmSni Sbt^tntL qua 

copAtoa Elventu) lUIa^sc do Biipado dt * jii^/hh Reg'itter of the books of the 

Elnnu^ g di fdoi •» Frelmdot pte a ti chroniclet and hittoriet, with figures and 

M» ttmfi§9trmsrti Sfme/ta Igrtjm, Lit- Uloscntions from the beginning of the 

^ 1635. (6L world. 


Digitized by 


38 Bibliotbeca Americana, 

1493. fieti potult liUigentia. Unno xfiiH^iUefhitD quails 
ringentefimo nonagiflmotetdo. Jiie quatto U mmfijs 

Two thousand two hundred and fifty woodcuts^ by Pleydenwurff 
and Wolgemuth (Albert DiirePs master), representing portraits 
and cities of a fanciful character. Large map of central Europe 
filling the last two leaves. 

(Private Libnuy, New York.) 

The name of Martin Behaim is so closely connected 
with the controversies which sprung up towards the end 
of the last century r^rding the real discoverer of the 
Western World and the Straits of Magellan, that it 
explains, if it does not authorize, the insertion of Sche- 
del's Chronicles in our work. The claims of Behaim 
concerning the discovery of the Straits of Magellan, as 
set forth by Postel', Cnauveton*, Metellus', Herrera*, 
Wurzelbau', Lochner^, Schwarz^, MoerP, Bielefeld', and 
Fuerer'** ; or even to the Western World prior to Co- 
lumbus, as asserted by Riccioli", Wagenseil'*, Wuelfer"', 
Omeis'*, Stuvenius'*, Doppelmaier'^ Cellarius'^, and the 

' CosmogrMpbica diiciplinai BmcI, 4to, 
1561 ; L^deiiy limo, 1636$ ind de Uni- 
nrertttau liher ^ Pant, 4tOy 1 563, 1 564) 
L^den, Hmo, 1635. 

' In hit Latin tranaladon of Bensoni, 
Genera, 8tO| 1578, 1581, 1586, 1600; 
idem in the French, Geneva, 1579 and 
1589, 8vo, copied in De Bry's, Part iv, 
and HuUius, Vol. vi. 

' * ^merica^ tive unwi §rhhf Cologne, 
fol.f 1 600, and Mf&d Wagenseil, Ptra /ihrt, 
iuveniiium SfMops$ Nuremb., 8vo, 1695. 

* Dttadas de las Indias; Madrid, fol., 
1728-30. Decad. 11, Chap. 19. 

* yraniet Notice Basis astroti, — t^''' i 
Noremberg, fbl., 1697. 

* Comwuutmt, di AmmmssM ; Nuremb., 
4to, 1716. 

^ Dissert, de Celwmnis Herculis ; Altdorf, 
4to, 1749. 

' Oratie de wserith Neriwih, in Geogrmpk^ 
opudMsMsmNeritmrni Altdorf, 410,1759. 

* Prpgres des jiliewumds dams les Sciences, 
kcj Amtterd., iimo, 175a. 

'* Oratio de M. Bebaimo, afad Mnsemm 

'^ Geograpkiet a fydregr, refirmatetf 
Bologna, fbl., 1661. 

'* The promise made by Wagenseil, as 
mentioned by Leibnits (Daten*s edit.. 
Vol. VI, page 161), seems to have been 
carried oat in his Sacris Parentaiibms 
B. O. F, Bekainu dicatisf Altdorf foL, 

'* De Maieribus Oeeani insmiisf Na- 
remb., 8vO| 1691. 

^* Dissert, de claris ptibms d, Norimbf 
Altdorf, 4to, 1708. 

'* Dissert. Idstorico-eritice de nrere nevi 
orbis invent; Franckfbrt, 8 to, 1 7 14. 

'* Histor. Nackriekt ven Nmmberg, Ma- 
tkemat.f Nuremb., fbl., 1730. 

" Hitteria uisiversalis $ lena, iimo 

Digitized by 


Bihliotheca Americatia, 39 

ignorant and presumptuous Otto", but who were victo- 1493' 
nously refuted by Tozen'', von Murr", Cladera", and =■■»=! 
Ghillany**, rest on a map of the world, and an extremely 
curious globe*', manufactured by Behaim himself, toward 
the year 1492 (both of which are still in the possession 
of his descendants in Nuremberg) ; and on an extract 
from Schedel's Chronicle, which is as follows : 
yerst if Uafccxc : 

%xcxUi flo poftetiotiiittis b't anno liili. hSj* i0= 
Pneis itV% pottttgalU tex altifHrni bit cortito cettas 
galeais oibuis a)rbictii neceffatUs infttuxU eof^ bltta 
(ol€nas( t^cuUis all metibif betfuis ett^iopiS inueftb 
gaturost mint. ^ tefedt aiit tis pattonos liuoiet Jos 
cobii canti portttgalenfemrmartinti bol)em0 tominl 
gennanil ex nutmtietga fupiotis getmanU )ie bona 
bol)emoxft famUia natfi. f)oiem ini| in (ognofcenHo 
ntu terte petitifflmti mavifv padentifHrnil. 4!|tti«p 
Pt)olomei Ijigitnbineis r latitubinee in occi)iente all 
bngul expetimlto. Idgeuatp nauigatione nouit. |^ii 
)itto bono beotitaufpicio mare metibionale fultantes 
a littoxe niS longe euaganteisfupato eitnilo eqnoxiali 
ift altetfl otbem exeepti funt. bbi ifkis ftantibuis oris 
ente berfuis bmbta all metibit r liextrft ptoieiebat. 

'* Letter to Benj. Franklin, and Mi- which we have never been able and never 

mir $m the Detecthn of America^ in the expect to procure. 

Transact, of the Americ. PAH. Society ; *> Iiivestigacioiies Bhtoricas f Madrid, 

Philadelphia, 4to, 1786, and London, 4to, 1794. 

1787. ** Geubickte dtt See/, M, BeUim} Na- 

" Der toaJkre mnd eru* Bntdecker der remb., 4to, 1 85 3. 

•aum Welt (a capital work)} Ootting., *' Copies of the map and globe have 

Ivo, 1761. been published by Doppelmaier, De Murr, 

** Diplomatiukt Getcbicbte dit Portmg, Cladera, Ohillany, and in the following 

Btrubmen Ritters Martin BeAaimsf Nu- works: 

remb., 8vo, 1778, and Histoire Diploma- Gcographit du Moyen-j^ei Bmxelles, 

/ff>« da Chevalier Martin Bebaim^ &c. ; 8vo, 1852. Let Monuments de la Geo- 

Scrasb., 8 vo, 180^ from which we borrow grafkie; Paris, fbl., 1 8 65, plate xv for 

nearly all of the above references to works the Map of the World. 

Digitized by 


40 Bihliotheca Americana. 

1493- ^eruere fsi! Sua inlntfttia olifl othtm !)actenf no^ 

™~" ft(» incognita r multiss anni» a nttUi» 5 ianuenftftttst 

licet ftuftra temptatH. ^erocta aflt imfli nauisau: 

tione bicefimo Stxto mtnSt xtwtSi Sunt pottusaliS 

pltttibttss ot caliliiffimi oetiss patentiS nurtuis.'' 

This passage, according to Gebauer's*' faithful summing 
up, amounts simply to this, that the King of Portugal, 
Juan II, sent, in 1483, James Canus, a native of Por- 
tugal, and Martin Behaim of Nuremberg, with some 
galleys to Ethiopia; that they went to the ^uthern Sea, 
near the coast, and, after crossing the line, reached the 
New World, where, when they nappened to look to- 
wards the East, their shadow, at noon, appeared on the 
right ; that in that region they discovered lands, hereto- 
fore unknown, which had not been searched after by any 
people for many years, except the Genoese [i. e.y An- 
thony and Bartholomew de Nolle], and that in vain ; 
finally, that after a navigation of'^ twenty-six months 
they returned to Portugal ; and in proof of their dis- 
covery brought pepper and grana paradisi — ^whatever 
that is.** 

However interesting this passage may be, we scarcely 
need add that it is only a spurious interpolation, as it 
is written in a different hand in the MS. of the Latin 
text, whilst it cannot be found in the original manuscript 
of the German translation of the Chronicle (No. 14), 
both of which are still preserved at Nuremberg. On the 
other hand, the passage on recto of fol. xiiii : 

IBxtra ttes ptes ort : qrta t pss ttftsocceanfl tte^ 
tiort I mtx^it (| for arliorii)' noft' incognita I : i cui' 
fifnibf antipoliess (atulofe fiatitave liicuntnt, 

shows that the author of the Chronicle, whether we call 

** That pauage was repoblithed in i£Ni- ** Portugetiuke Geukickte von den i/tes- 
At Stlvius* De Europgt tnk FriJerico III ten Zeiteni Leipsig, 8vo, 1759, P*S* '^S* 
imf€rmt,$ Stratborg, &lio, 1685 and 1702. ** Amomum Metegutuf 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 41 

him Hartmann Schcdel, " Medicus Norimb." {Haiif^, ^493'^ 
Trithemuf^^ Gesner^y Vossius^y FabrUius^)^ or the Pope ™^— 
-Sneas Sylvius {Maresius^ SchmidiuSy in Mylius^% or 
Matthias Doringk {Oudin^ Salig^% or simply one of 
the learned men, „\$tl^tlvtiVk Mtmtetl/^ mentioned 
in the colophon of the German edition, knew nothing 
of those western discoveries. Yet it is this interpo- 
lation which, with acute collectors, would perhaps entitle 
the Chronicle to a place in the Bibliotheca Americana^ as 
we must view the passage concerning Behaim in the 
light of a counter claim set up in consequence of the 
news of Columbus' return and discoveries. 

I .• r •• haiw 

Dirut reftrencu •' f ** Hain, Repertorium^ No. 14508. 

"^ HivMANN, in Mylivi, Bihliotbeea anonym, (ed. of i74o),^ol. 
n, pages 147-9. 
ScHSLuoRN, Aauinit, Lit,, Vol vm, page 143. 
Frittag, AnaJect, Litt., page 825. 
CutkiSMT, Bihliotkeqm cnrieuu. Vol. rniy pages 343-4. 
HiLLiR, Gttebicbtidir BoiuubntiJehtmttf Bambo^, 8vo, 1823, 

page 71. 
MsvtKLy Bibliotkeea Historiea, Vol. 1, Part i, page 93. 
Bihiiotktca S^nctriana, Vol. m, page 255. 
BRVMSTy Vcd. If col. i860. 
OaAxstBy Vol. u, page 139. 

" Dt Serif tor, Ecclesiast,; fo\, 139 a^ com || psNDiOy or || DiMsq.. cap || tt ac 


•• Bibiiotkeca Unroert, ; Friburg, 1583, tts ligito. 

foL, page 318. C/i#*«i, 

» De Hiuor, Latin, i^psjp imfrbisit || Florende Antonius Mwco- 

^ Bibliotb. nud, et tnJSm. Lat,i Lib. minus || Anno Salotis .m.cccclxxxxiii. jj 

»»i page '33- . „ „ , ^ ^ Nonis luniis. 

•» Comment, de Scrtpt, Eecles, ; De Dypt, « » gm. 440, 130 leaves. 

Feter, ; apnd Clembkt. (Harwd Coll. Libr.) 

* Relying upon Rich {Books rtlating to 

Jmenea, 1493-1700, which U a kind of We are sorry to say that we found only 

short appendix to his Bibliotheca), we con- » short note in pencil, to the effect that 

^1^ . the work shows the amount of geographical 

SACHARIAB LiLii || TiciiiTiNi || CAjioNici || knowledge immediately preceding the voy- 

awsvLAJlRis or||bw BR«||TXARivii||riDB, Rgc of Columbus. 

Digitized by 


42 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 49 3. I ^, SCHBDEL (i7^1{7il£^i^i\r)~^f^^|l |U^^ || ^j^ il 

null iiUbitttfiifm mu ait^ 
lieKitl tier meltilii^ auf 
bife ttHfm ^^t" 

Coiopbon on the verso of leaf cchxii : 

«tif^ gitHdjeM ieliftttil etkrt fidj ftTlie %ti iftdj Mti 
leu gefd|id|teti let ftlterler toerttllimk Mti iefdlreilititig 
ler ierlMittfleii mik MM|t|ligi|leti fteit ftgetke Itirdi 
(SeitgillKM ft(t lef^ft(« (if»iigfd|reiler ler ItiferUdi^ 
reidillitt 9»niiie?g m{^ (itei» in tefttfdi || geirtdft imk 
ief^lip »id| %tt ge^mrt Crifli 3|ef» iiti{^er« |tl|Uiik«. 
9t.rrrr.|ciii. itrlltm ffttifte» tig M «i»it« 0(tiiri«.|| 
^ttt|¥iiM lint |er|etoe (itike«. tg. ft(t lit 

%♦ Folio, title I, nine unnumbered prelim, leaves, cclxxxv 
numbered leayet, two leaves for a map of Central Europe, 
on the verso of which there is a colophon different from the 
above, which we omit, because the last two leaves are want- 
ing in the copy before us, but which the reader will find in 
Clement. Plates colored. 

(Prhrate Library, New York.) 

f jtmilki : Register of the books of the tion of the most celebrated and important 

Chronides and histories, with figures and places, translated from the Latin into 

portraits from the beginning of the world German hj Georges Alt, at that time 

to our own times. Secretary of the free city of Nuremberg, 

With the help of God u here ended and fintthed October 15th, A. D. 1493. 

the book treating of the histories of the Perpetual praises to hiun on the hijj^ 

antiquity of the world, and of the descrip- throne. By Alt. ( O 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca AmericaM. 


The present work is only a translation of No. 14 by 1 49 3* 
Georges Alt, Alten, or simply Georees senior, printed mmmmmm^am 
by Anthony Kobereer, December 230, 1493. 

The passage relating to Behaim (which is wanting in 
the original manuscript of the German translation, while 
in the Latin codex it is inserted' in a different hand- 
writing from the rest of the work) will be found in the 
present copy on the verso of leaf cclxxxv. 

'' Cette Edition ressemble beaucoup I, celle de 1493 ; mais seulement 
dtns rexterieur. Si nous examinons Tinterieur de cette Version^ 
nous y remarqueronSf que George Alien qui en est I'Auteur, ne s'est 
pas si fort gene» qu'il n'ait abrege le Texte Latin» quand il le trou- 
vait ^ propos : & qu'ii n*en ait retranch6 ce qui ne lui convenait pas." 


Dhtet r^trtwctti 

* Bih/htkiftu curiemUf Vol. vn, page 34S. 
Pamssb, Amnslen itr itterm demtteh, Lh.^ Vol. i, page 104. 
FtXYTAO, jSmmUcu Litt., pafe 825 ; and generaily the author!- 
det given for (he Latin edition. 

15. ysRARDo AND a COLUMBUS— In laudeiii Scrc- 1494.* 
niflillmi Ferdinandi Hispania^ regis^ Be- 
thi-licae & regni Granatse^ obfidio^ victo- 
ria^ & triuphus Et de Infulis in mari In- 
dicollnuper inuentis.||f 

' The MSS. are still pretenred at Nurem- 
berg. See Ton Marr*t Diplommt. Oaebicbte, 

* We find (GaAmx, Vol. n, page 337, 
and G. Bronit, Nmtv. Biogr, Ginir,^Voi. 
xiii, col. 156), under the date of 1494, a 
mendon of a poem hj Dati^ the title of 
which indicates a reference to the Oceanic 
discoveries, vm. ; 

DeirMe wperu a saoi tempi. Finite 
el eecemdo cStsre dellindia^ kc, \ Rome, 
Besicken, 410, 1494, 4^., fig. 

We read the same title in Audiffredi 
{Roman, edit. Seec. xv, page 327), but with 
the important omission of the first line : 
Dell* Imle^ &c., which alone imparts to the 
title the appearance of an jtmericsna. Is 

it a continuation of our Nos. 7 and S, or a 
new work altogether? M. Bmnet of Bor- 
deaux, whom we consider one of the most 
learned and trustworthy of bibliographers, 
says, in reference to the poem of Dati, 
that it tt ** assuriment curieux mais il 
n*est connu que de titre, et il parait in- 
trouvable aujourd*hui.** On the other 
hand, Audiifredi adds to his description : 
** Exut in Casanatensi.** 

t Anglick : To the praise of the most 
illustrious Ferdinand, King of the Spains, 
Bethica and Oranada [of the latter of 
which] the siege, victory, and triumph. 
And of the Islands newly discovered in 
the Indian Sea. 

Digitized by 


44 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1494. Then fiiU-lcngth portrait of Ferdinand, difFering 
^■■^1^ somewhat from the woodcut on the recto of the tenth 
leaf of No. 2. 

Recto of the thirtieth leaf(%\%n. dd ^) : 

P^ ^nftttt0 nttper innentidn 

Epiftola Chriftoferi Colom (cui etas nos- 
tra mul- II turn debet : de Infulis in man 
Indico nuper inuen- 1| tis : ad quas perqui- 
rendas octauo antea menfe: au-||spiciis & 
^re inuidiflimi Fernandi Hifpaniaru Re- 1| 
gis mifTus fiierat) ad Magnificu dominu 
Raphae-lllem Sanxis: eiufdem fereniflimi 
Regis Thefaurarillum mifTa: quam nobilis 
ac litteratus vir Aliander||de Cofco : ab 
Hifpano ideomate: in latinum con-||uer- 
tit: tercio kalendas Maii. M.ccccxciij. Pon- 
tifi-||catus Alexandri Sexti Anno primo.H 

In fine {verso of the twentj-nintb leaf): 

1.4.94. Nihil fine caufa.' 

%* 8vo, thirty-six unnumbered leaves ; the Letter of Columbus 
filling only the last seven and a half; six woodcuts, evidently 
copied from No. 2. Text in Roman. 

(Prirate Libraiy, Kew York, Providence, Wajhington city, 
Hanranl Coll. Ubr.) 

The first part of this work is simply a drama on the 
capture of Granada from the Moors by Ferdinand, and 
which was represented at Rome in 1492*. 

* NuUmg viticmt a eauu. (Device of * Cancilliui, Diuert^ page 271, addt 
Bcrgmannde OIpe, printer at Bade.) Tlie to bia chaotic note, that the drama "Fa 
reM of the title aa in No. s. tradotta in Franccae con l*BpigraJe, /« 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 


Dbta rtftrtiKct t C BiUithtca Tkottisna^ Vol. Yn, page 123. 

•I MsutBL, BiUiotkeea Hisfr^ Vol. ui, Part i, page 160. 
I MntcKB, CatsL det Hhtariems^ page 310. 1 

Bihii§tkeea Heheriama^ Part ri. No. (38. 
Bihiiotkeca Gremvilliamm^ page 731. 
N. Y. Syilseio^ Appendix, page xlviii. 
TUNAVX, No. 4. 
BavNCT, Vol. V, col. 11 29. 
Oramu, Vol. II, page 228, states that of this edition ** on ne 

connait que 2 ex.** 
Bihiiotbeca Browniana^ No. 6. 
Notei M Oiumhutf page 119. 

Bssltr Bmckdruckergeukicktey page 129, contains an interesting 
sketch of the printer, Johannes Bergmann de Olpc. 


16. SrLLACIO {NICBOLjIS)— Recti »f the first leaf : 

mi fapiltirnmfl luHobicft ^atUl i&fortiS anglli 
ft)>tim1l ^iUHio II lani Bucf: He tfuUs metUiUini 
m ^^ marie fut attlpiciiis inuietiflinmo^ Idegfl 
I^UpanUii; nitp iultto : j^icoUi fsUatii ikvXi artfs 


<r2f eilehre^ ^^^ ^ mimoire et victoriense 
prise de la Cite de Grenade, 1407, 4.** 
We can find no traces of this French trans- 
lation, and are unable to say whether it also 
contains the Cdumbus Letter. 

* Our attention has been called to a 
notice in a bookseller*8 catalogue of a small 
pamplilet, tint smmt mui loco (but which 
must hare been published before 1495, as 
the author takes the title of orator to John 
II, thirteenth King of Portugal, who died 
in the month of October of that year), 
by one ** Ferdinandus,** and containing on 
the sixth page a passage which, it is said, 
entities it to a place in the BiMotJkeca 
AmericMMSf and is as follows ; 

** Primum quod eo regnante Henrici 
patrai ejus de quo supra roeminimus in- 
dostria cepta navigari Ethiopia est. Alte- 
ram Tero sit quod eodem tempore, in 
oceamo Atkiantico decern inmle v/jt iptit 
er^s descriptoribmt cognitgt s a nottrit /iv- 
vtmte smatf et in emnet Lutitanie colonic 
itiMcH^ Sec, We take that Ferdinandus 
to be the one described in Antonio, in 
these words : 

" pxaonf ANDVS telaicos, Toannis II. 
Portugallic. Regis orator, edidit t 

''Orationem habitam Romse nomine dicti 

Regis ad Innocentium VIII. Pontificem 
Maximum. De quo auctor est Ludovicus 
Jacobus a Sancto Carolo in Bihliotkeca Pon- 

(BlUhtktt, a$f. N0VS I, page 19}.) 

We also think that the plaquette is 
identical with that which is mentioned by 
Fossi {Catal, Codic. S^cnJ. xv. Vol. 11, col. 
737^, and by the great Audiffiredi as follows : 

*<TALASci rxRDiNAMDi utriusquc iuris con- 
sulti lUustrissimi regis Portugallie oratoris 
ad Innocentium. riii. pontificem maximum 
de obedientia Oratio. 
(In 4". par,} 

^ Cbaracc Goth., foil, vi, com dnatwto «. s ii. 
Bxst. in CsHunt. Bmendaodm eat nojns Oradonis 
titulot, quil^tur in Spedn. P. L. page a6ft, nimi- 
raiii t rmlmxi /r* F«rdtmmnJ$ PtrtwgmlUte J(if«, 
&c., quo Oratom nomen Ipti Rcfi, qui y»hmnn*i 
II. rocabatvr tribaitar. Recte antem titultu re- 
fcnor in Catalogo Biblioth. Regie a P. L. in 
•nbjccu annoc. laudato.** 

{Catmltg. Smc, XT. page S67.) 

It is erident that the above passage en- 
titles the pamphlet only to a place in the 
BihliotJkifne jifricaine ; as it refen to the 
discoveries accompluhed under the reign of 
Henry, King of Portugal. On the other 
hand, the oration was delivered at Rome, 
as we take it, in Innocent's life-time. 
Now, Pope Innocent VIII died in July, 

Digitized by 


46 Bibliotheca Americana, 

1 495. ttin r||me)iUin( lioctiitto ]rt)Uofo)i1)ifl Voyif intetinres 
— =— tantiB ^tffatCo.ll 

Rectt of the second leaf: 

Be infttUs metUiiani atop inliUi mavi niiper ins 


't)^ale ex yofiia Stiitus lieeemtvilittjs. ^eccclxxxx^ 


*^* 4to» m^ if^fftf /fi^/ ioco (but supposed to have been printed at 
Pavia, in 1494 or I495» by Girardhengi), ten unnumbered 
leaves^ thirty-five lines in a full page; text in black letter. 
No water-mark. 

(Private Library, New York. The only other copy known 
tt in the Trivulsio Library, Milan.) 

'' In I494> while Scillacio was thus employed at Pavia [as lec- 
turer on Philosophy in the University]^ living at the time with 
Giovanni Antonio Biretta [who printed several works in connection 
with Francesco Girardhengi — Panzer]^ Guglielmo Coma, a noble 
personage, wrote to him from Spain, describing the discoveries re- 
cently made by Columbus. These letters he immediately translated 
into Latin, inserting such other accounts as were then universally 

'< The voyage to which this account refers is the second ; that on 
which Columbus sailed from Cadiz, on the 25th September, 1493. 
The first island he discovered was called Dominica, from the day in 
which it was seen. The second was named Marla-galante, or vo- 
lante, after the Admiral's vessel. He then visited, in succession, 
Guadaloupe, Santa-Cruz, the Island of St. John the Baptist, now 
Porto-Rico, and, last of all, Hispaniola. 

** This voyage has also been described by other writers of the 
same age. Among these are the physician Chanca' of Seville ; who. 

149a, or eight months before it was known 
in Europe that Columbus had rediscovered 
the»New World. 

f Anglic} : To the most learned Lewis 
Maria Sfbrsa of Anghiera, seventh Duke 
of Milan. Concerning the newly discovered 
islands of the South and Indian Oceaii, 
under the auspices of the most invincible 
Sovereigns of the Spains. Preface of 
Nicholas Syllacio of SlcUy, Doctor of Arts 

and Medicine, Lecturer on Philosophy at 

Adieu, [dated] Pavia, ides of Decem- 
ber, 1494. 

' Published for the fint time by Navar- 
rete, in his Ci/crc/off, Vol. i, pages 198- 
224$ and afterwards in Mr. Major's Se/ect 
Letten^^^et 18-68, with an English trans- 
lation, republished in the Appendix to the 
N. Y. 9fiUct\ pages i-zzxiv. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 47 

by order of the King tnd Queen of Spain» accompanied Columbus in 14*95* 
this expedition^ and also Peter Martyr of Anghiera*." . 

(N. Y. ^//W««, Introd., page xi.) 

Direct references : f BiMtJkeca Tkttism^ VoL vn, page »»3. 

■I Pamsem, AmnsUi Tyftgr.f Vol. ix, page 193. 
I RoNcaiMi, ImI^tmo a, mm rsritsiwu if «xc«/«, Modena, Svo, 1S56. 
Nic9lsmt SjfUmciusy N. Y^ fbl. and 4to, 1859, a valuable reprint 

with a cranaladon \ privately printed. 
Bbumit, Vol. If, col. 166 

17, LiLio (ZACHARry-lli HOC VOLVMINE 1496. 

Primus liber De origine & laudibus 
fcientiarum. II Secundus liber. Contra An- 
tipodes II Tertius liber De miferia hominis 
& contemptu || mundi. || Qiiartus liber De 
generibus uentorum || Quintus liber Vita 
Caroli Magni.|| 

. Reel* »f tbe itctni Itafi 


C$l»fbtn : 

Per Ser Franciscu Bonaccursium || Im- 
penfa uero & fumptibus Ser || Petri Pacini 
de Pifcia. Anno Salutis|| 

Septimo idus Aprilis.|| 

* DiuJt I, Ub. IL 

Digitized by 


48 Bibliotheca Americana. 

I4.q6« *** 4fo» scvcnty-two unnumbered leaves. On the recto of the 
^^^^^ l*»t, the register ; on tlie verso, a woodcut representing the 

arms (probably) of the Piscia ftmily. Diagram on the recto 
of I-iT. Printed in Roman type. 

(Bridth Muteiun.) 

'' In this remarkable work (f. ii) allusion is made to the recent dis- 
covery of America by the Spaniards." 


''Zacharie Lilio, Chanoine r6gulier de Saint-Jean-de-Latran et 
eveque titulaire de Sebasti en Armenie, ne ^ Vienne dans le 1 5* Si^de^" 

Direct nferences: f Maittaiks, Annaltt Typogr,^ Vol. i (of 1733), P*§« ^*9' 
i Panxim, Anmalet Typcgr,^ Vol. i, page 424. 
I FABticiut, Bihl. Mtdigttt Infm, Lot., Vol. Tl, page 911. 
Laiks, Index LihroruMf Vol. ii, page 214. 
AuDirrRBOi, S^c, ed. ItaL, page 348. 
Fotti, Catalog. Codic, S^ec. xv. Vol. 11, colt. 79-80. 
Bihihtkeca Heheriana^ Part t, No. 2526. 
BtuNXT, Vol, III, col. 1078. 
OftAiMX, Vol. IT. page 210. 



Recto of the last leaf: 

Alexander Benedictus Veronenfis Phy- 
fi Ileus Sebaftiano Baduario eqti: & Hiejl 
ronymo Bernardo confiliariis||Veneti Sena- 
tus Clariflimis.||S. P. D.) 

VenetiisJlM .IIIID. Sexto CaL Septem- 

Impetratum eft ab Illuftriff. S. Veneto 
ne lice II at cuiq has ephemeridas imprimere 

' Catalogue of 1 8 61, No. 294. univerul^ Paris, 1810 (9th edit.). Vol. 

* Cbandon et Delandiae*t Dictiommaire z, page 136. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheea Americana. 49 

nec latino fermoe nee uulgario &e. ut 1 1496. 
priuilegio.* ■"■■" 

%* Sm. 4to, ssui anno (but supposed to have been printed in 1496, 
from the date of the aboYe-mentioned letter ; and by Aldus at 
Venice, because the type resembles that in the edition of the 
^tns of Bembo, given by that celebrated printer). Title, 
with verses on the verso, Hh sixty-seven unnumberedf leaves. 

(PriTtte Library, New York.) 

** Ce journal d'Alezandre Benedetti, m6decin attach^ \ Parmee v6ni- 
tienne opposee k Charles VIII, a it£ r6imprime k la suite de PHistorU 
veneta dc P. Giustiniano, edit, de Strasb., 161 1, in fol., et inseree 
par Eccard dans son Corpus bistor, medii avi. Lips., 1723, in fol., 11, 
col. 1577-1628." 


We insert this work, we are sorry to say, on no bet- 
ter authority than the Bibliotheea Americana, London, 
1789, 4to, allied to have been perpetrated by the Rev. 
Mr. Homer. After a diligent survey of the book, we 
are constrained to confess that we did not find a single 
line or word relating to America. Others may be more 

Dinet rtfirt»ct$ t ( FABmiaui, Sihlhti. Lsi, Mtd,^ VoL i, page 164. 

•I Pamseb, jtnmsUs Tff^^ Vols. lu, p«ge 40A, it, 449. 
I Mbosbl, Biblitk. Histtr,^ Vol. Tii, page 175. 
Bihlhtktca GremvittisMS (lee Paentiai). 
Brunst, Vol. I, col. 771. 
Obamu, VoL i, page 334. 

* Amgliei: Alexander Benedict of Ve- 15 10. The Mott nittttrioin Senate of 

rona. Physician to Sebastian Badnarios, Venice forbids any one to print these an- 

and to Jerome Bernard, Coonsellofs of the nals, either in I^dn or in common bn- 

Mott Illastrioiis Venetian Senate, Hail guage, as [expressed] in the privilege, 
and Greeting. * Biblitkifu* Qtriuut, Vol. iii, page 

Venice, the sixth calend of September, 1 30. 

Digitized by 


$o BibBotheea AmericoHa, 

1497. 19. COLUMBUS {CBRISTOPHKRy-fSHlfli f^i« |||if^ U\tM 

»«« etf«|e« iiij^te«||>le %• i« ftir4« Jl^w M^ ft«> 
Imr^ ^tyiftitiS un fif^ftirii. Imk fdgt ka gnf^rK niwll 

Then woodcut of the king receiving Columbus, which is repeated 
on the verso of the last leaf. 


iSetntcIt )ii firtflNrg Iff iviwrcf kfl uteifler Stvtfi? 
«e^ fijlter tint it? : 9l.cccc.f(iri|. Iff ftiit 9<i^<t4(W 


%* Sm. 4to ; eight annumbered leaves, the last of which is blank. 
Thirty lines in a full page. 

(Prirtte library, New York and Providence.) 

Ebert' and Graesse^ state that this curious German 
translation of the first Letter of Columbus has been 
republished in the Rheiniscb. Archiv.y Vol. xv, page 

There is a very successful &c-simile made by the 
elder Harris of London. 

Dinct rtftrtuett : f Hain, Rtpertorium^ Vol. i, No. 5493. 

< MEutBty Biklhtk, Waor,, Vol. in, page 161. 
I Humboldt, Exam, Critiqme^ Vol. it, page 73. 
SiMotAeea Grenvillianaf page 159. 
N. Y. SyiisciOf Appendix, page Wi, for a well-executed fac-f imile 

of the woodcot on the recto of the first leaf. 
SiMotheea Br^wnUua^ Not. 7 and 8. 
BanNKT, VoL 11, col. 165. 

Ststxhs, American BihlipgrgpUr^ page 67, states that it contains 
^changes and additions.** 

* jiMglUit A fine, nice reading, con- ' Bihiitgr, Dietitmsry^ Vol. 1, page 

ceming sereral islands which have lately 371. 

been discovered by the King of Spain | * Trim-^ Vol. 11, page 2»S, also refers 

and giving an account of great and won- to Himmei, Niue BiU.^ v. teitem Bmck^ 

derfiil things found in the said islands. Vol. i, page 15, «f. Am Bnde^ Frei- 

Printed at Strasburg by Master Bartholo- miith. Betracht. iiber alte u. neue Bn- 

mew Kustler, in the year 1497, the day cher. Augsb., 17S4. in-8®. Vol. i, page 

of St. Jerome. 79, sf . 

Digitized by 


Bibliothica AmmcdMo. 51 

20« ANONTM.'^DiCt figur anzaigt vns das yolck ynd 
infel die gefunden ift durch den chriftenlichen kunig zu ' 
Portigal oder von feinen vnderthonen. Die leut find alfo 
nacket hubfch. braun wolgeftalt von leib. ir heubter.|| 
halfz. arm. scham. (vlGl. firawen vnd mann ain wenig mit 
federn bedeckt. Auch haben die mann in iren ange- 
fichten vnd bruftvid edel geftain. £s hat auch nyemantz 
nichts fiinder find alle ding gemain. y Vnnd die mann 
habendt weyber welche in gefidlen, es fey mutter, 
ichwesfter oder freundt. darjnn haben fy kain vnder- 
ichayd. Sy ftreyten auch mit einander. Sy effen auch 
ainander felbs die erfchlagen||werden. vnd hencken das 
felbig fleifch iji den rauch. Sy werden alt hundert vnd 
funtzig iar. Vnd haben kain r^ment.||'^ 


*^* Folio. << The above text, in German, occupies four linea be- 
neatli an old block leai^ nine by thirteen inches square, repre- 
senting the manners and customs of the natives of the North- 
ern and Eastern cout of South America as first found hj the 
Portuguese at the end of the fifteenth or beginning of the 
sixteenth century. It is without date, but wu probably printed 
at Augsburg, or Nuremberg, between the years 1497 and 

(Britith Muieiiiii.) 

Diftct ftftrtwtm 


Srsmny Jtmrk&B BiUhgr^ A tr^ page 8, 

zyiognphic leaf. 
Wutritml NaggtUf No. 77. 

with &c-ibniU of the 

* AMgJki : Tbk figwe rcp r eKa ti to iia 
the people and island which have been 
diacoTercd bjr the Christian King of Por- 
togal or by hb sobjects. The people are 
thus naked, handaome, brown, well shaped 
in body, their heads, necks, arms, private 
part^and the feet of men and women, are 
a little covered with leathers. The men 
have also in their £Mes and breast many 
Nor does aaj one p oss e ss 

anything, but all thinp are in common. 
And the men have as wives those who 
please them, be they mothers, sisters, or 
friends, wherein they make no distinction. 
They also fight with each other, and eat 
each other, even the slain, and hang 
that same flesh in the smoke. They 
become a hundred and fifty yean old, 
and have no government 

Digitized by 


52 Bibliothica AmericMia. 



Recto of second leaf: 


Colophon : 


Then, printer's mark. 

\* Large folio, cccclxii leaves. 

(Britiih Mmeum.) 

This is the first part, which we have seen frequently 
quoted by the modern biographers of Columbus, con- 
cerning the Admiral's early life, or on the subject of 
the Columbuses who had preceded him, especially the 
one called by Sabellicus himself, " Archipirata illustris." 
The following continuation, however, is somewhat fuller 
on the subject of Christopher Columbus and his voyages, 
viz. : 

— Secunda pars Enneadum ab inclinatione Romani 

Imp. usque ad annum 1504, cum Epitome. 
Ed. hujus collecHonis prima 
VenetiiSy Bemardinus VercellensiSy 1504, folio. 


' Catalogne, page A41, No. 3385. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 53 

" Chacune de ces Enn^ades contient neuf livres. SahiliU§ en pab- li^^O* 

lia sept, on soixante-trois livres, k Venise, en 1498, in fol., et en 
1 504, trois autres Enneades, et deux livres de plus : en tout quatre- 
vingt douze livres." 


Marcus-Anthony Coccio, alias Sabellicus, was born 
in 1436, at Vicovaro', in or about the country of the old 
Sabines (hence his surname); he died at Venice in 1506, 
of an extremely unpleasant complaint^. He is the author 
of the above attempt at a universal history from the be- 
ginning of the world to the year 1503, which he divided 
into Enneades. We regret to say that we have never 
been able to consult that rare compilation, which is fre- 
quently quoted in histories, where mention is made of 
Columbus and his transatlantic voyages. The eighth 
book of the tenth Enneade contains a short ('^ exiguis 
tantUm punctiSy^ Jovius would say^), but, we are told, 
highly interesting sketch of Columbus. It was written 
before the year 1503, at a time when the only printed 
works treating of the Western World, so far as we 
know, were Columbus* letter, Syllacio's second-hand 
relation, and one or two of the letters of Vespuc- 
cius. On that account the EnneadeSy like MafFei of 
Volterra's Commentary, and Bergomas' Chronicle, ac- 
quire that kind of interest which pertains to all works 
relating to this country, and published before the first 
Decades of Peter Martyr, which form, as it were, the 
basis and material of all subsequent publications on 
the subject. 

In Sabellicus' Rerum venetiarum ab urbe condita (De- 
cad. 4, lib. 3), we only find the remark : " Adh^c negocia 
de more exierant triremes quatuor, . . . Sed cum ha Ibe- 
ricum navigant oceanumy Columbus juniory Columbi pirate 
illustriSy ut ajunt, nepoSy cum septem navibus ad pugnam in- 

• Hittoire Litteraire ^Italit^ Vol. 3, * Valiuam, Dt liiteratorum infelUitait 

p«ffe4a8. (Edit, of 181 1.) (Amst., 1647), P*g« ^S* Jotivi, de gli 

' TuLABOtcm, Sttria dtlU Letter, Itat.^ Hvomini famesi (Venice, 1558), page 104. 

Vd. Ti, page 698. (Edit, of 1807.) • Eltg, Fir^r, deet., Chap, xltui. 

Digitized by 


54 Bibliotbeca Americana. 

1 49 ^ * structis circa Sacrum promontorium . . . sub noctem foetus 
^m^ammmm cst Vetieto obviuSy* which is probably a repetition of the 
passage in the first Enneades^ and which derives its im- 
portance chiefly from the great stress laid upon it by 
Fernando Columbus in that curious chapter of the HiS" 
toricy where he strives to make the reader believe that his 
father could reckon among his ancestors the Cilio men- 
tioned by Tacitus, 

Dirtct nfertmcus ( BBsooMBRin, SmppU Ooitie, (edit of 1506), page ^35. 

i Maittaiib, Annaies Typogr.^ Vol i (edit, of 1733), P^S^ ^^ 
I PANSBft, Annsltt Tyftgr,, Vol. Tin, page 371. 
Saxiui, On90uutic0ii, Vol. ii, page 496. 
Mbosbl, BiUiotkeea Hist$ric0f Vol. i, page 96. 
VoMiui, ile Histpricis Lstinis^ page 670. 
NicsaoMy Mmoirts^ Vols, xii and zx. 

Digitized by 


i||-r* ****** :^ 


2 2. VESPUCCWS {AMERICUS)^Rect§ •/ the first Uaf: j ^qI-. 

|)lnn)iitt0 K0tttt0ii 

^/r/tf $f the first leaf: 

^lberurtt0 oef)tiurtti0 l^n- 

|^]^||(|0 II ^etri lie tneliitiis falutem plutimam 


End of the verso of the last Uaf: 

i&x ftalica in latinam Unsuam lociDittis interpreis 
t)Slc epiftolam bertit bt||latini oes intelligant ig xmU 
ta mirSoa in tries reperianf r eoi^ comprimalltur 
auliada qui celfl et maieftatem fctutari: et plus 
fopete ig liceat foperellbolunt : quanlio a tanto tenu: 
pore quo munlitts cqtit ignota ftt boftitasHterte r 
que contineStttt in eajlt 

Haus Seo 

*^ Sm. 4to, ii)y/ j/r^^ aut loco; four unnumbered leaves. Only 
forty lines in t full ptge, t triangle it the top of the fourtn 
ptge ; neither signatures nor wtter-marks. 

(PriTate Library, New York.) 
* jfjiglUl: The New World. Alberic f The interpreter Oiocttnditnnalatedtliis 
Vespocius presents his best wishes to Lau- letter from the Italian into the Latin 
rent Peter de Medicis. language, that all who are Tersed in 

Digitized by 


56 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 50y« Albericus {MaJrignano\ Ruchamer^^ Jehan Lamberfi)^ 
^mm^a^Bs Emeric {Du Redouef*), Alberico' or Americo {Goma- 
raP)y Morigo {Hoieda% Amerrigo {MuHoTf)^ Ameri- 
cus {Peter Martyr^\ Almerigo Florentine (f^ianello^'') de 
Espuche", Vezpuche", Despuchi'', Vespuccio (Ramu- 
sio^)f Vcspuchy (Christ. Columbus'^ usually called Amer- 
icus Vespuccius, the third son of a public notary of 
patrician origin^ was bom, March 9m, 1451'*, some 
say at Venice {Herrera^)^ or at Florence, in a hospital 
founded by one of his ancestors, and which is still stand- 
ing in the street called Boreognissanti. He was educated 
by his uncle, a learned friar, with whom he seems to 
have been still studying, October i8th, 1476'^ in com- 
pany with Pietro Soderini {Guliano RiccP^), who became 
afterwards (from 1502 to 15 12) Gonfalonier of Flor- 
ence**, and to whom the duplicate account of the third 
voyage was addressed. 

Nothing is known of him from the time he was a stu- 
dent to the year 1490, when he left Italy." He repaired 

the Ladn may learn how many wonder- 
ful things are being diacoTered erery day, 
and that the temerity of those who 
want to probe the Heavens and their 
Majesty, and to know more than is al- 
lowed to know, be confounded) as not- 
withstanding the long time since the 
world began to eiist, the Tastnesa of the 
earth and what it contains is still un- 

^ hiiter, Porti^dl/,, cap. czzn. 

* Ntw mmheUmtktf lib. t. 

' Title to his and all the separate edi- 
tions of Vespuccius* letters. 

* Titles to the five editions of his trans- 
lation of Vespuccius* letten into French. 

* Titles to the six editions of the Poiti 
m$tumentt rttrwati, 

* Histtria gentrat d* Us Indioi ; Sara- 
gos., fbl., 1553^-53$ Medina del Campo, 
fbl., 1553J SaragoSf, fbl., 15545 Antw., 
8vo, 15C2 (for 1554); and in Barcia*s 
Himriadortt ^imitiva^ cap. 103. 

* Pr§haMnst del FiusJ, No. Lxa^ Na- 
▼Aa., Vol. Ill, p. 544. 

* Hiams dei Nuevo Mmndo^ p. z. 

* Decade 11, lib. 10. 

'* Letter to the Signoria of Venice, dis- 
covered by Ranke, and published in Hum- 
bddt*s Bxamem Critifut^ Vol. ▼, p. 1 57. 

'^ Nataa., Vol. Ill, Doc III, p. 291. 

*• Id,^ Doc. IT, p. »9». 

" M, Doc. IX, p. 199. 

'^ RsecoltM. 

'* Letter to his son Diego, Feb. 5th, 
1505, in Nat., Vol. i, p. 3^. That 
name seems to be a corruption of the Ger- 
man word Amalrick ; see tom dbk Hagxn, 
Amerika^ tin urtfrSnglicb Deutseker Name^ 
in Netim lakrb, der Btrlin, GeullKkaft^ 

i83S» P- i3-»7. 

'* Uhro ^approvaaioni d*eti^ cketi con^ 
Hrva mil* Arckhto Secreto de S. A, R, 
(Great Duke of Toscany), in BAMmNi, 
p. XXIT. 

" Decad. i, lib. it, c. 4. 

^' Letter to his father (Strossiana Libr., 
codice 480) J Band., pp. xxvii-xxTiii. 
^ >* apmd Band., p. XXT. 

** Rankb*s letter to Humboldt, in Ex- 
0men Critifue^ Vol. T, p. 161. 

** BaNDIRI, p. ZXXT. 

Digitized by 


Bibliothica Americana. 57 

to Spain in the banning of 1493 {Humboldi^)^ as an 1508* 
a^nt {Bartolozz?^) of Lorenzo di rierfrancesco de Me- m^^mam 
did (cousin of the great Lorenzo), or simply as clerk 
{Navarret^) in the leading commercial house of his 
countryman Juanoto Berardi, at Seville. Munster** 
erroneously asserts that Vespuccius joined the first 
expedition of Columbus in 1492, while Canovai** states 
that he was sent as an apprentice by Ferdinand on 
the second voyage in 1493. After the death of Juan- 
oto Berardi, December, 1495 (Navarrefe^), Vespuc- 
cius was promoted to die position of factor or part- 
ner*^ ; and, as such, eauipped the vessels for the third 
expedition of Columbus ; receiving, January 12th, 
1496**, ten thousand maravedis. From April, 1497, to 
May 30th, 1498, Vespuccius was constantly traveling 
from Seville to San Lucar {MuHoz). He was married 
to Maria Cerezo, when and where does not appear. She 
survived him*'. 

Vespuccius quitted Spain for Portugal in 1501, secretly 
{Banaini*^), or at the mstigation of King Emmanuel'', 
and remained at Lisbon, or on board Portuguese vessels, 
to 1505, when he returned to Spain, at the request of 
Ferdinand. He repaired to the court with an earnest 
letter of introduction from Columbus to his son Diego, 
February 5th, 1505, and was made a Spanish subject, 
April 24th, 1^05^*. From May, 1TO5, until August, 
1 506, Vespucaus was at Palos and Moguer, preparing 
Pinzon's expedition. On the 23d of August, 1506, he 

** BxMwun Critiftu^ Vol. IT, p. 45. 1st futipnet ttpuHoUi in Amirica, ssesdts 

** RicercMif p. 79 ; on the authonty of Jel RisJ arckivo de Indiss ; Madrid, 1864, 

•everal lettcn contiuned in the ^ Carte^o Tom. i. No. 3, p. 041, we find a memo- 

della Famiglia de Medici^** in the ArchiTet rial ** de Juanoto Bovdi acerca de Tarias 

of the Medics, in Florence. cotas tocantet a la gobernadon de lu In- 

** CtUechMf Vol. in, p. 315. dias,** to which the editon ascribe the date 

** Cfimtgrspbis UnroeruUhf Basle, n. of 1 517. 

d- (1550), foL, p. 1169. •• NAV4a«iTi, Vol. iif, p. 317. 

f^^ith?' iA39i^^tM.^/iMf.,No.7. ** Muflos, Bistoriaf Prol9g9^ p. z. 

•» QfUuhmyVclL ni, p. J 17. Have there ■• ^rw, p. nun, 

been two Juanoto Behirdis ? In the Cb- " Third Tojrage in Htlacomtlus, 6ru- 

Ucchm de DocumetMt inedtM reJsthfOi al nit. edit., recto of F-iiij. 

ducwkHmemtOf ctafuittM y c9l9amaiion de ** Natab., Vol. in, Doc. it. 


Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

I^Of* was written to by order of Philip I", to ascertain what 
^i^tmmmm was reouired for an expedition in the search of groceries 
(with Vicente Yailez Pinzon^). 

In 1506, Vespuccius was associated with Juan de la 
Cosa for a new expedition, in which he was to command 
the caravel La Medina^ but which did not sail, owing 
to the death of King Philip. He was again summoned 
to the court, November 26th, 1507", and appointed 
Chief Pilot of the Indies before March 22d, 1508, on 
which day he received a certain number of maravedis, 
although his nomination (or perhaps only an extension 
of powers) is dated August 6th, 1508^. 

Vespuccius finally died, at Seville, February 2 2d, 
1 512", or atTerceira, one of the Azorc islands, in 1516 
(G. Lopez de Pintho^^y Bandinij Meusel)^ or in 1518 
{Negri^)y poor, but highly respected by all^, never 
dreaming that he had discovered a new continent, and 
persuaded*', like Columbus**, that, at best, he only visited 
the western coast of Japan. 

Four voyages are ascribed to Vespuccius. The first 
voyage was undertaken for the King of Spain, probably 
under Hojeda {Las Casas*^, Herrera, Charlevou^, Hum- 

" Philip the Fair, who reigned only 
from June iTth, 1506, to Sept. 251!^ 
1506; but long enough to deserve the 
contempt in wUch he it held by all im- 
partial hittorianff. 

•* Natab., Vol. ui, Doc V. 

•• lJ.f Doc. XXTl. 

•• U., Doc. TU and Tin. 

•» Id,, Doc X. 

" apud Bamdimi, p. Lxm, and Cano- 
▼Ai, p. 156. 

•• Jaoria dt Fioremt, Serittori f Ferrara, 
fol., 17a*, p. 31. 

** The only exception it Lat Catat ; but 
we thould not forget that the good but 
impulsive Bithop of Chiapat did not com- 
mence writing hit Uiuoria dt Ut IndUs 
until 1527 ; and the severe language uted 
in Lib. i,caps. 164 and 168 seems to have 
been prompted by Hylacomylus* version, a 
late edition of which he dtes in Lib. i, 
cap. 140. The passage where Vespuccius 

is made to say that he brought with him 
two hundred and twenty slaves (as if such 
a number of hunun beings could hold to- 
gether with the crew in the light caravels 
of those days), may be, after all, the real 
cause of his wrrath. 

^' Duplicate of ucomd foymt, in Bam- 
MNi, pp. 66 and 83. We are at a loss 
to find the authority for Alcedo*s state- 
ment that ! **el Rey de Portugal para per- 
petuar su memoria hiso colgar en la Ygle- 
sia Metropolitana de Lisboa los fragmentot 
de la Nave que mandaba.** BiUiotkeem 
Amtricanm, MS., Vol. 11, p. 891 There is 
a similar assertion in Ntoti {Iston'm, p. 

" Letter m Navai., Vol. i, p. 304$ 
and Letter to the Pope, id. •p,. Vol. 11, 
p. 280. 

** Hhtor'n de Us Indias, MS., Cap. 164. 

^ Histoire de rhle-B^agMele f Paris 

Digitized by 


Bibliothecs Americana. 59 

ioUi^^), Vespuccius sailins in the capacity of pilot {Ho- I ^of. 
jtdd^)j or of simple trader (Servetus^)^ or of a mer- a^^H. 
chant w?ll versed in cosmography {Herrera)^ or selected 
by King Ferdinand to aid in making discoveries {Valoru 
Bandini*'^)y or as the astronomer of the expedition {Hum- 
boldt^)y or as a passenger pecuniarily interested {Tira- 

He sailed from Cadiz, May 20th, 1497 {Hylacontftus^^ 
Giuntinf*)y or Mav loth, 1497 (Vahri-Baiuiini^y Cano- 
vai")y or May aoth, 1499 {Las Casas, Herrera). 

First reached the mainland after a passage of twenty- 
seven days {Hylacomylus^y Giuntini), or thirty-seven {f^a- 
lori-Bandini^^y Canovai^). Returned to Cadiz, October 
15th, 1499 {Hylacomylus"), or October 15th, 1498 {Ca- 
novai^)y or October 14th, 1498 {Valori'Bandini^)^ bring- 
ing two hundred and twenty-two slaves (Indians), who 
were sold. 

If Hylacomylus' dates are correct, the leader of that 
expedition is entitled to the credit of having landed on 
the shores of this continent before Columbus (August 
I St, 1498), and even previous to the Cabots (June 24th, 

** Exawtem Crhifut^ Vol. IT, pp. 195, ** *< Al capo di 37. ^orni** — Bam9^ 

aoo, aS4. »93- P. 7; 

** sfud hit edit, of PtoleniY*! Getgr, | ** f^HP* P* ^9/ 

LyoMy ibl., 1535 ; recto of leaf »8. *^ ** cum ccxxij captinatb penonb. xr. 

^ <* Foi eletto per Sua Altessa, che io Octobrk. die. Anno dfti M.coccaJCxzz nc. 

fum in etta flocta, per aiutare a ditcoprire,** Ubi Uetitiime tntcepti fuimia ac tBi eotdem 

s/mJ BAMman, p. 6, and GrenTille codei^ captinot nottroi ▼endidimuty** — St. DU 

recto of thetecond leaf. edit., recto of d iii$ Oamf.y wexto of £ 6{ 

** Exawuu Critipit^ Vol. IT, p. 190. La Pl., TerM of £ 7 ; Gatm., p. 168. 

^ Stpris dtlU Litt. ItsJ,f Vol. Ti, p. ** "15 di Ottobre, 1498,**— ^i^/, p. 

151 (edit, of Flor., 1807). 49. 

•• " M.cccczaj. XX mentis Maij die,** •• <'Adii8.diOttobreyi498,** — Fitm^^. 

—St. Dii edit., recto of b 5 $ Gaomoxa's, 36 (for p. 32). HxaaxaA (Dec. i, lib. it. c 

recto of D ii; La Placx's, reno of D 7, ft.), ascribes only five months to the entire 

GaTWAVs*s, Basle, 1532 and 15 37, p. 155. voyage; CHxaLXTOix {Hist, d* thlt-Es" 

*■ OmmiMtaria in Spkgtrsm Saer^'Bt' /4[«0/<r) twen^-five. 

C9 i Lyons, 8vo, 1578, cap. iii. •• As we will have no other opportunity 

** *< 10. di Maggio i497,**—BAifn., p. 6} of mentioning Cabot*s name, we beg leave 

Grenv. codex, recto of second leaf. to insert in this place several overlooked 

** f^inggif p. 29. authorities concerning his memorable voy- 

•• •* zxvij. vix elapsis diebus,** — St. Dl^ age, «m. ; 

edit., verso of b 5, Gauw ., recto of D ii; xst. The Map of Juan de la Cosa, 

La Pl., lecto of D 8 $ Gam., p. x 55. dated 1 500, which was discovered by Hum- 

Digitized by 



Bibliothica Americana* 

1 5 of* The second voyage was also undertaken for the King 
^m^mmmm of Soain, jprobablv under Vicente Yailez Pinzon {Hum- 
boldh). They sailed from Cadiz, one day of May, 1489 
(Hylacomylu/^)y or May i6th, 1499 (Valori'Bandinh)^ 
or May i8th, 1409 {Canovaif^). Reached land after 
nineteen days {Hylacomylu^% or forty-four {yaloriSan- 
dini^)y or on the twenty-third day {CanovaF'). Re- 
turned to Cadiz, after a month and a half, September 8th 
{Hylacomylu^y Valori'Bandini^)^ or June 8th (Canovai^). 

boldt in the library of Walcknaer, tnd 
afterward sold to the Q^aetn of Spain for 
4,020 ftanct. It it now in her library, at 
Madrid. Fac-«imilet have been published 
by JoMARo [MoMMmetits de la Giograpkie^ 
Pans, fbl., 1854, map xti){ Ghillant 
(Gtubicbii d, Bekaim^ Nuremb., 4to, 
1853) ; Ramon ob la Sacra {Hist, phys,^ 
icc^ de riU dt Cubti Paris, fbl., 1841); 
LsLBWBL {Giograpbii dm Moyen^J^i^ 
Bnix., 3 Tols., 8vo, 1852, atlas, map 41); 
HoMBOLOT {ExMM, O'it.^ Paris, ed. of 

od. ZiBGLBB, Lib, de regiomihus septeii' 
rrf««., Antwerp, 8to, i 541. 

3d. The map quoted by Ortelius in his 
catalogue of authors {TJkeatrum^ Antwerp, 
fbl., 1570) in these words : 

** Sebastianus Cabotus Venetus, V niuer- 
salem tabulamj quam impressam seneis 
fbrmis vidimus^ ted sine nomine loci, Sc 

(That estremely valuable document, in 
its original form, or an inedited map of 
Cabot, is, we are informed, on exhibition 
in one of the halls of the Biblioikifui Im- 
periale of Paris. If our information is 
correct, ¥rould it not be worth the while of 
some enterprising publisher in this country 
to have it engraved ? Perhaps it is bold 
to assert that the patriotic bibliophiles 
who give so readily enormous prices for 
such trash as the spurious reprints of the 
SaJem fFitckcrafi might feel tempted to 
purchase a copy !) 

The ** Sehastiant Cabota. Navtgathin 
uillt paru uttentHonali i Fenice^ 1583,** 
included in the early catalogues of the 
Bodleian library, is, we scarcely need add, 
not to be found as a separate work, but 
only in the second volume of Ramusio (ed. 
of 1583, fbl. 212). Foscarini {Lettermt, 
veneM. p. 438) and Tiraboschi (Vol. tii. 

p. 263), had already shown that it was 
erroneously ascribed to Cabot; but Mr. 
Biddle (Jd&MMfV, p. 327), showed that it 
was only *'the Journal of Stephen Bur- 
rough during his two voyages to the North- 
east, with an absurd introduction from 
some anonymous writer at Venice !** 

The reader will find a valuable list of 
works relating to Cabot in a note to 
Humboldt's Bxtmem Criiifut^ Vol. iv, pp. 

•* Exam, Crit,^ Vol. iv, p. 200 j Vol. 
T, p. 46. Vabnhagbn, Uittoria General 
do Brawl, Rio de Janeiro or Madrid, 2 
vob., 8vo, 1852; D*AvBSAC, cemudera- 
tieut ge9gr, sur fjkist, dm Bristly Paris, 8vo, 
1857. There is a full list of works re- 
lating to Pinson, Vespuccius, and Paria or 
Brazil, in the second volume of VOyapt 
et VAmamne^ by Gaetano da Silva, Paris, 
8voL 1861. 

•• *• M.ccccLXXxn Jw) Maij die,** — St. 
Dii edit., recto of d iii $ GBuit ., veno of 
E 6 } La Pl., verso of £ 7 ; Gam., p. 169 
— meaning, evidently, 1499. 

** «i6. di Maggio i490**->BAin>., p. 
33 : Grenv. codex, verso of b. ii. 

^ " XTiii di Maggio,** — Vtagvi^ p. 505 
Letter to P. F. de Medici, ^^irBANDiifi, 
p. 65. 

•• « XIX dies,**— St. Di^ edit., recto of 
d iii ; Gbvn., verso of E 6 ; La Pl., verso 
of E 7; GaTR., p. 169. 

** " 44* gtonii,** — ^Band., p. 33 5 Grenv. 
codex, verso of b ii. 

•^ «« al capo di xxilll di,** — Vtagtiey p. 
51 ; Letter to P. F. de Medici, aprndBAV- 
oiNi, p. 65. 

•• " viij. mensis Septembris,**— St. DM 
edit., recto of e i ; GauN., verso of F iii ; 
La Pl., recto of F iii; Gbtn., p. 175. 

** Bandini, p. 45. 

»• «« 8 di Giugno,**— ^4^, p. 81 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 


The third voyage was undertaken for the King of I50f« 
Portugal. The expedition sailed probably under Caoral ■^»hhh 
(Humboldf^)j from Lisbon, May loth, 1501 {Hylacomy- 
lus^j Valori'BandinP% or May iQth, 1501 {CanovaP*)^ 
or June loth {TemporaP^). Reached land August 17th 
{Hylacon^lus'^y Canovat)^ or August ist {yalori-Ban- 
dini")y or August 7th, 1501^, or simply after a voy- 
age of sixty-four days (Bartolozzt^). Returned to Lis- 
bon, after a voyage of sixteen months, in 1502 (Hy- 
lacomylu^)y or September 7th, 1502 (yalori'Bandin?\ 

The fourth voyace was also undertaken for the King 
of Portugal, and the expedition sailed from Lisbon, 
probably under Gonzales Coelho {Humboldl^\ Southef% 

*« Exam, Crit.y Vol. v, p. 5. The 
rouler may consult with adTtntage con- 
cerning Cabral ! Baraos, DeeaJas; Lisbon, 
8to, 1778, Dec I, lib. i, cap. 30; Maf- 
PBiy Histar, luMca^ Cologne, fol., 1593, 
lib. 2 ; Faria t Sovsa, Atla Porh^tuna^ 
Lisb.y ibl, 1666; Vol. I, cap. 5; Lapi- 
TA0, Cowfuha Jtt PortMgait^ Paris, 4to, 

^ ** Die Maij deama. M.cccc. 9e pri- 

mo^** — St. Di^ edit., recto of e ii ; Orvn., 
recto of F iiii ; La Pl., verso of F iii ; 
GtTM., p. 176. 

T« «< 10 di Maggio, 1501,** Band., p. 


** «<I3 di Maggio, X50X,** Viagii^ p. 
loi ; id,f Duplicate to Soderini, in Ban- 

DINI, p. lOI. 

^* Hitt9riaU description dt tAfrique ; 
Lyons, fbl., 1556, p. 466; /i., Paris, 4 
vols., Svo, 1830. 

*• « XTij scilicet Augusti,** — St. Di^ ed., 
▼erso of e ii ; GacN., recto of F iiii \ La 
Pl., verso of F iii j GarM., p. 176 5 f^^^if 
p. 101. 

" •* Adi f. d'Agotto,** — Bandini, p. 48. 

*• •• 7. di Agosto del 1 501.** — Duplicate 
to Soderini, in Band., p. 103. 

'• Rieerckt itfrico^riticit ; Flor., 4to, 
1789, p. 169. 

•• •* XTi. circiter menses, M.D.ij,** — 
St. Di^ edit., recto of f iii ; GaoNio., 
verso of F 6 ; La Pl., recto of F 6 j Grtn., 
p. 180. 

•* *• 7 di Settembre del isoa,** Band. 
p. 56} ^^, p. 109. 

•• Exameu Critiqtu^ Vol, v, p. 14a. 

** History of Brsmil i Lond., 410, 1810, 
Vol. I, p. 20. 

«Gt>NXALo CoBLLo, sabio cosm6gra(b 
Portugues, que fu^ por orden del rey 
Don Manl de Portugal a esplorar y re- 
conocer los puertos de la America nu- 
evamente descubierta, como lu costum- 
bres y ritos de sus naturales. Sali6 de 
Lisboa mandando una Escuadra de sets 
navios y reconoci6 con juicio sabb y ob- 
servacion de curioeo cuanto era digno de 
saberse, tomando posesion en nombre de 
stt Soberano y escribio la relacion de cuanto 
habia visto, que present6 al rey Don Juan 
2d por haber mnerto su Padre cuando 
volvio. Deserifcion del Brssll. MS. fbl.** 
— ^Alcbdo, BiMioieta Americans. Cati- 
logo de los Autores fue Man escrito de la 
America en diferentes idiomas, 1807, 2 
vols., MS., fbl.. Vol. I, page 208. Private 
library. Providence (Lord ICingsborough*s 


The reader may consult, concerning 
Coelho*s voyages : 

Damiano db Goss, Chronica do Joai 
11$ Lisbon, fbl., 1567. 

P. OB M ABif , Dialogos de varia Historia ; 
Coimbra, 8vo, 1594; 4to, 1597; Lisb., 
4to, 1674, Vol. III. 

Vasconcbllos, Vida del Rey D. Juan 
II } Madrid, 4to, 1639. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 


May loth, 1503 {Hylacomylu^^ Valori-Bandiniy Canavai). 
Was wrecked, August loth, on the coast of the island 
of San Fernando Noronha, or Peiledo de San- Pedro, or 
the imaginary island of Saint Matthews. Returned to 
Lisbon, June 28th, 1504 {Hylacomylu/')^ or June i8th, 
1504 {yalori'Bandinf^y Canovai). 

How can we account for these, and an infinite num- 
ber of other discrepancies ? They are, says Humboldt*', 
^' TefFet du desordre de la redaction et des closes ajou- 
tees par d'ignorans ou zeles commentateurs. ' 

The four voyages were published for the first time 
together in a kind of appendix to a Latin work on Cos- 
mography" by one Waldsee-muUer, j£^jHylacomylus, in 
1507, which also contains, so far as known, the princeps 
of the jfrj/ and fourth voyages. It is that work which 
we quote under the name o\ Hylacomylus. 

The next collection of the four voyages is in Italian, 
and seems to have been printed at Florence about the 
year 1516*'. We call the latter the Grenville codex^ from 
Its last possessor, Mr. Thomas Grenville. This Italian 
collection was republished by Bandini^ and Canovai'', 
from a printed copy, which nad on the title page the 
name of Baccio Vdori, one of the first librarians of the 
Laurentian library at Florence. We call Bandini's text 
yalori'Bandiniy and Canovai's (which we must quote, as 
'" contains new readings of the learned abbe's 



manufacture), Viaggi. 
In Latin, we again 

find the four voyages in the 

OtosiOf De rebut BmmMuulis\ Lbb., 
fbl., 157I9 frequently reprinted. 

A. DO CiUKALy Otrogralis Brsuiicaf Rio 
4c Janeiro, % Tola., 410, 18 17. 

^ « Decima ergo Maij die M.D.iij }**— 
St. Di^ edit., Teno of f iijj OtvN., jexto 
of ¥ Si La Pl., recto of F 6; GtYW., p. 
181 $ *<adi xo. Maggio, 1503$** Band., p. 

•• "xxviij, Tun 
edit., veito of f $\ GauM., recto of F8$ 

' sxviij. Tuny. M.D.iiijV'— St-J>i* 
off$\ GauM., 
La Pl., venoof F7{ Ganf., p. 183. 

* ** 18. di Gittgno, 1504,** Bamd^ p. 
61) ^4^/, p. X14. 

•* Exam, Crit,f Vol. v, p. 70. 

** C»megrmpkUt imtrHUctie^ 4to, four 
edition! or iatnes at St. Di£, in 1507} 
Stratburg, 1509; Lyons, 15 10. The other 
editions of the same Cosmography do not 
contain Vespuccius* Voyages. 

** Letters di Amtrige uetfrneei deUe iml$ 
WMMumemte trmate in fusttre u$0i ni^ggif 
4ID, time Mttme smt hee. 

** Fitm e lettere di Amerige Fesfmui $ 
Flor^ 4to, 1745, PP- «-»53- _ 

*' yit^ d" jSmtrice Fe^tcei $ Flor^ 
Sto, 1817, pp. 15-115, with dates al- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Amtriama. 


various editions of Giynants* Novis arkif^^ and abridged I ^0\. 
in De Bry's Collections ; the first and second voyages in -»=&= 
the Grandfi\ the third and fourth in the PeHts Foy- 
agefi^. A peculiarity of De Bry's edition is the interpo- 
lation of the word Ameriafl^. 

The second and third voyages alone have been printed 
separately in the form of plaquettes, all within tne first 
eight years of the sixteenth century, in France and Ger- 
many, but only in Latin and German. We describe, 
m/ray sixteen of those separate editions ; fourteen of 
which, de visu. 

Besides the account of the third voyage published in 
the above-mentioned collections, there are two others, 
one of which has been frequently republished. The lat- 
ter we call First Duplicate. It is by far the most in- 
teresting, was probably printed before all others, and 
contains astronomical diagrams, and descriptions of an 
immodest character. The reader will find it in Ra- 
musio^, whose extremely valuable collection also con- 
tains a translation of the third and fourth voyages as 
given by Hylacomylus, but not the first two voy- 
ages, wmch he promised to publish^, the MS. havine 
probably been lost in the conflagration which destroyed 
the printing office of Thomas Giunti, at Venice, in 
1557'*. That duplicate, which is addressed either to 
Soderini or to L. r. F. de Medici, is also in Zorzi's'', 
Madrignano's'~, Ruchamer*s*, RedoueFs'"", Tempo- 

** Novms 9rbii regi^mam ae intmlantm^ 
^fguHiMt iMc§gnitMrMm i Basle, fbl., 1532, 
»537» >555> P»n«» ^^*» '53*5 Rotter- 
dun, 8to, 1 61 6. The preamble or pre- 
£ttory letter it only to be found in the edi- 
tUNMof 1555 and i6i6. It it wanting in 
the following: 

** Aaurk^e fsrt dichiM, Dm^r nsvigst. 
Dm, Amerki ViufMtii; Oppenheim, fbl., 

** Jndise orieutmlit pMrt mmdteiwui. Dm- 
mrmm natfig. fuau . . . mmm, 1501 Dm, 
Jtmeriau Vnpmtimt imsiitmiif Aist$rim ; Op- 
penheim, foL, 1619, pp. 5-10. 

M M Qfo^ com illit comptrari poaiint wix 

toti America reperiantor,** page 1 1 ; ** mait 
cette expression ne se trouve que dans 
TMidon des 4( Bry,** — Camus, Mmoint 
nr Im CoUictiom des grandi a Petits vojr- 
^iSi Paris, 4to, 1801, p. 140. 

** Somumario die due matfigmuomi di Amie^ 
rige Vesfmeci; Racceltm^ Vol. i, p. 118. 

*^ Rmeceltm^ Vol. iii, p. 310. 

** FoscAftXNi, Delia Lett, Vemenimmm 
Padoua, fol., 175ft. 

•• Pme$i memamt, retrem.^ cap. Il4-Xft3. 

^^ leiierar, Portmgdll.^ cap. 1x5-114, 
fbl. LXX. 

**' Semsmyt le m»mde ^Ewurie de Veepmce^ 
foL LZZI. 

Digitized by 



BibUotheca Americana. 

I^Of. ral's^^ GrynaBus's'"*, Bandini's, and Canovars coUec- 
BB^s-s tions. 

The other letters ascribed to Vespuccius are all mod- 
ern publications The first is a duplicate account of 
the second voyage, which was first published by Ban- 
dini'% from a manuscript in the Riccardiana library. 

The second letter gives a duplicate account of the 
third voyage, and was printed for the first time by Bar- 

The third is a letter addressed to L. P. F. de Medicis, 
from Cape Verd, June 4th, 1501, and published from a 
manuscript in the Riccardiana, by the Count Baldelli"^. 

There is a fourth, describing Vasco da Gama's voy- 
age, but it is rejected altogether by all the critics since 
Bandini, who first published that spurious account. 

Vespuccius certainly wrote a great deal'®*, but he is not 
the author of the accounts of his voyages which have 
been transmitted to us. As to the above-mentioned 
letters, not only the original text is lost, but we do 
not even know in what language they were originally 
written. That two of those important documents were 
composed at Lisbon does not admit of much doubt, 
but whether in Portuguese, Spanish, Italian or Latin, 
no one can determine; although some critics endeavor 
to satisfy all parties by asserting that the first two were 
written in the language of Spain, and the last two in 

*•■ NavigstioMum Alberici Viiputii epi- 
torn, p. 87, ed. of 1555. We do not find 
any etrlier Tenion in English than that 
which is in the third volume of RoBiar 
K.Baa*s collection $ Edinburgh, Sto, i8ii, 
pp. 341-381, from Hylacomyltts's text. 
In German, besides K.err*s venion of the 
NovMs OrhiSf we think that only the du- 
plicate of the third voyage is inserted in 
VoiS, jflleraltistt NaeArieAt wm ier neittn 
Wtlt\ Berlin, 8vo, 1712, while the four 
voyages and duplicates are in the German 
translation of Bandini, Hamburg, 1748. 
The four voyages are also in the third 
volume of Navarrete*s C»lecci$M^ text and 
translation from Grttniger*s edition (pp. 

1 90-290) } and in a rehash of Canovai, pub- 
lished in English, New Haven, 8vo, 1852. 

^** ** imdirhtKota a Loretau di Pier Frmt- 
cesco de Medici^ Vita^ pp. 64^6 \ Cano- 
vai substitutes this in the room of the Va- 
lori or Grenville second voyage (yt^ggh 
pp. 50-69), which he places immediately 

>^ // Miliome di Marcp Poio f Flor., 4to, 
1827, Vol. I, pp. Liii, note. 

*•• PocciANTi, Catdlog, Script. Florent. § 
Flor.,4to, 1 589, p. 10$ Humboldt, £xMi. 
Crit.f Vol. IV, p. 170, tf. for extracts from 
Vespuccius* letten, and the evidence given 
by John Vespuccio ( Americus*s nephew), 
in the InfirmMthn^ Nav., Vol. ui. 

Digitized by 


BibBothica Ammctma. 6^ 

that of Portugal. Be that as it may, the Hylacomylus 1 50f • 
version was made from a French text : '* de vulgari w^^hh 
gallico in latinum;" the one in the liinerarium^ from 
the Portuguese : '* FIdus interpres presens opus e Lusi- 
tano italicum fecit;'' that in the Unbekanihe Landte^ 
from an Italian text, which itself was only a transla- 
tion from the Spanish: ^^Auss hyspanier sprache ist 
dises funfte buchlein in die welysche sprache gewandert, 
und zu letze auss der welyschen in die dewtschen se- 
bracht/' As to Lambert's (No* 26), Gourmont's (No. 
28), and Otmar's (No. 31) editions, they all are "ex 
Italica in lineuam Latinam." 

After a dingent study of all the original documents, 
we feel constrained to say that there is not a particle of 
evidence, direct or indirect, implicating Americus Ves- 
puccius in an attempt to foist his name on this con- 
tinent. In our notice of the various editions of the ^ 
Cosmographi^ introduciio we wU give the " genesis" of* 
that unjust appellation. We have now to mention the 
leading works which contain assertions for or against 

The first attempt to tarnish the reputation of the 
Florentine cosmographer was made by Schoner""^, in 
1533, twenty-one years after the death of Vespuccius. 
It was repeated with increased violence by Servetus^, 
Herrera'% Fray Pedro Simon'**, Solorzano'*^, Charle- 
voix'"*', Stuvenius'", Totzen"*, Robertson"^ Meusel'"*, 
Tiraboschi"', Formaleone"*, Muftoz, do Cazal*^ (the 

*** Op$ucmium getgrmfAicum | Noremb., "* Der wairt mmd ertu Bntduker; Odt- 

4to, 1533, Fart n» caps, i and u. ting^ 8vo, 1761. 

^^ DMade ly lib. tii, cap. 5. "' History 9/ jimirka f London, 8to, 

'** Confmituu Mittoriiles $ Coenca, fol., 1826, p. 49. 
i6»7y Part i, pp. 18-26. "^ BihliotJUts ki$t9ritm^ Vol. m. Part i, 

*** Diipmtationei d» iMjimrum jurt f Mad- p. 165. 
fi^ kLf 1629, lib. ly cap. nr. "* St^rim dtUs LMtrstura ItsJiMmaf Vol. 

^^^Histoirt dt P Itle-Btp^gntU i Parity ti, p. 186. 
4to, 1730, Vol. ly page 311. ^'* S^gh mils nauties mnticm H V$n*%, f 

^^^ Dimrt, d$ utro mtmi $rh. iwvemt.i Venice, 4to» 1783; and in Frencby Venice, 

Francf., Sto, 1714. 8to, 1788. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 50|» most bitter of all), Navarrete, Santarem"^, and a host of 
i others. 

The Nova Acta eruditorum^^^ cite in favor of Vespuccius 
one "Amend Cinellius""', Vasari'~ Mellini"^ Alber: 
ti'", Metellius"', Manni'**, della Rena'% and Hondius'*^; 
nearly all of whom are taken from Bandini, who 
quotes, besides, in favor of his hero, Bocchi"% Cluver***, 
Mariana'% Genebrier'^ Salvini'^', " Padre della Fio- 
rcntina erudizione," and the introuvable Giov. Matteo 
Toscano*^; to which list we must add the poet Barto- 
lomei'", Ruscelli'^, J. de Lery'", Natalis de Comiti- 
bus'^, Pighius'^, and all the editions of Ptolemy's 

*" Ruktrekn Hitt,^ Critifua et BiUiogr. 
mr jimerie Vespue* et sti nnya^es ; Paris, 
Sto, n. d. } translated, Boston, lomo, 

^" For Aug., 17495 Leip«.,4to, p. 483- 

"* Is it not Giovanni Cinelli^ the con- 
tinoator of Francesco Bocchi {BtUeste 
dellm citk di Firenutf Flor., Sto, 1677), 
who u intended ? 

'** Le vise Jt* piit txttl, pittorif Flor., 
4to, 1568, Part m. 

'*' Deterimione dtlU tntrats della regina 
Giovanna ^ Austria^ Flor., 4to, 1566. 

These three last works are chiefly 
quoted for the portraits o( Vespuccius, or 
the honors paid to his memory. 

^^ Descrivmiont ditutta Italia f Bologna, 
fol., 1550; Venice, 4to, 1553, 156S, and 

'''PreAce to his edition of Osotius, 
dt rekus BwmanmiL f Cologne, Sto, i 574, 

•75. '76, 'Si, '9S. 

"*Z>* Florent, Invent, comment, i Fer- 
rara, 4to, 1731, cap. 4a. 

^^Della Serie de gli antic, doc, dP Tot- 
canaf Flor., fol., 1690$ 4to, 1 764. 

^^ Nova Italiet Hodierniet Deuript,f 
Leyden, fol., 1627. 

*•* Lihros duet Elogior, fuiS, Firi alifui 
Clarriss, Florentinif Flor.,4to, 1667. 

*•• Intrednc. in Univert, Geogr, ; Ve- 
nice, i6mo, 1646; Amst., 410, 1661, lib. 
▼I, c. xl, n. 3. 

*** HistoriOf lib. zzti, cap. ni. 

*•• Ckronograpkiit "li.. it. Prioret n.**} 
Paris, fol., 15S0} Lyons, fol., 1599, anno 

*•* Faui contolari delP acad, Fiorent. f 
Flor., 4to, 1717. 

^**Also cited by Saxius (Onomauicon^ 
Vol. m, p. 14), under the title of Peplut 
Italiet L. I. n. xlvi. p. 414. 

*" Vjtmerica^ poema eroico ; Rome, 410, 
1 6 CO. 

^'* La GevgraJSa di CI, TeUmeof Venice, 
4to, 1 561. 

^** Historia Navigation, in Brasiliam^ 
Iftmo, 1585. 

*** Univerue kitt, tui temporii f Venice, 
4to, isya. 

"^ JEquinoctiorum de tolstitior, invent, ; 
Paris, 4to, 1500. 

Bakcia-Pimslo {BpitonUf col. 573) 
quotes PnoaA-HiTA, Historia del Nuevo 
Reino de Granada [Antwerp, fol., 1688], 
lib. I, cap. I, fol. i; A. ds Calancha, 
Chronica del [ord. de S. August, en"] Peru 
[Barcelona, fol., 1638], lib. i, cap. 4; 
Oakcia, Origen de lot Indios [Valencia, 
8vo, 1607; Madrid, fol., 1729], Proemio; 
and Carosnas y Cano, [pseudonym for 
Barcia himself), Bntayo Ckronologico [Ma- 
drid, fol., 1723], introd. Nscai {Istoria^ 
p. 31) cites Gaoius, de Scriptor, non Be- 
clesiau, [Flor. and Paris, fbl., 1648-49] ; 
and « Th. Lansius, Consuitatione de Prin- 
cipatn inter Prov. Burop,^* 

The reference in Saxivs (Onomasticon^ 
Vol. in, p. 14) to Maouus, Bponymol, 
Crit.f leads only fo Ds Thou. 

Mr. Calxb Cushimo (Reminiuencet of 
Spain, Vol. n, p. 135, tf,) quotes Rocha 
Pitt A, Hist, da America Portngueua [Lub., 
fol., 1730], p#H) Lipsivs, Pkjtiol, Sfici 

Digitized by 


Bibtiotheca Americana. 


Geography, from Beneventanus* (1508) to that edited 
by the unfortunate Servetus. 1 

All of which authorities, pro et con, are more than 
counterbalanced by the great Humboldt, who, in his 
Examen CritiquCy Cosmos'^y and in the Bulletins de la Sociiti 
de Giographte^^y has shown conclusively that no proof 
whatever has yet been adduced to incriminate Americus 

The assaults on the reputation of the Florentine 
cosmographer are generally bitter and periodic. A re- 
markable recrudescence was inadvertently caused to- 
wards the end of the last century by the French Em- 
bassador at Florence, Count de Durfort, who, in 1788, 
offered a premium to be conferred by the Academy of 
Cortona for the best eulogium of Americus Vespuc- 
cius, and which was awarded to Stanislaus Canovai. 
The boldness of the Abbe's oration*^ brought a reply 
from an anonymous writer'*', followed by a rejoinder, 
ascribed to Canovai"^, a complete refutation by Barto- 
lozzi**', a sur-rqoinder by the laureate*^, another reply 
by Llorente'**, and a number of other pamphlets, keep- 
ing up the fire until the publications a( Napione, 
Belloro, &c., and even afterwards/^ Judging from 
some gentle hints lately given by the English and Amer- 
ican periodicals, we seem to be threatened with a re- 


[Weaely 1675], lib. n, dis. 19, t. it, p. 
947 [and Leydeiiy iimo, 1644, Vol. ii, 
p. 233] ; BAtLiiot, Ru gestst in Brasilim 
[CUtr t»U lomo, i66oy p. 24; Emsl, In- 
Sit oceiient, Histw, ; Cologne, I imo, 1 61 1, 
p. 130; PuARBOy ymr^net i/lmstres [Mad- 
rid], M,, 1639, p. 50. To whidk list 
may be added Voanvt, De Nstwra Arti' 
mm; Amsterd., fbl., 1696, p. 53; Di 
Tnovy Hiaptrt mmroerulU'y London, 4to, 
Vol. I, p. 3. 

"* Oceamie DiKwvtriet^ Vol. n, exJuntt- 
ire note at the dote of the chapter. 

*•• Paris, Ibr Dec., 1835, p. 411. 

*^ Eltgio d'Ameriio yt^ueei ; Flor., 
4to, 17885 »V., 1790. 

'^* jimrnotMU^ne situert dtW elogio frt^ 
miata di Amerigo yespmeei per una ueenda 
eJi»i9He$ in Santaexm, p. 150. 

^^* Letters alio Stampmt, Sig. P, Alle- 
grinif a nome delP emtore delT el^io prem, 
di Am, Fespuccii Flor., Svo, 1789. 

^** Apologia delle RJtereke ittorieo-crif' 
icie; Flor., 8vo, 1789. 

*** Di/enta d* Amerigo yeepuceio f Flor., 
l*mo, 1796, 15 pp. 

*** Saggio ApologeticOf degli storiei e 
eomfuistatoriSp^m.ilT America $ Florence 
and Naples, 8vo, 1796. 

**• TtuccHi, Dei primi KOpritori del 
nuovo coHtinente Amerieawof Flor., 8vo, 
1842, 80 pp. 

Digitized by 


68 BibBotheca Americana. 

I ^of • lapse. Let us hope that this time some tangible facts 

^mmmmmmm Will be adduced. 

Dirut rtftrtnctt t C Bihliotkttm OrtmviUisua^ ptfe 766. 
•j Bihiiotites Brtwnisas^ No. 11. 
I Sert^fium for Jukvary itt, iS6i. 
Hibbert Citilogae, ptfe 461, No. S376. (?) 
Notu on Olmmhiu^ A, ptfe iJ. 

Bbunit, Vol. Ty col. 1 1 54, althoufh the tpelliiig It toiiKwhat 
difiennt, and he atcribct to the pUqnette ibrty-two lines in- 
•tetd oi fattfu 

2 3 • VESFUCCJUS (AMERJCUS^f^iTSO of the first liaf: 

|llttn)W0 ni>tttt0ji 


Then the text on the same ptge» beginning with a capital S in an 
ornamented wood-cut. 

*^ Sm. 4to» sme Uco ant Mnno, four leaves ; forty-two lines in a 
full page» text in black letter, no signatures. The last page 
has at the top the sentence : ** Ex UmIUm^* Sec, &c. ; then 
«« LAVS DEO/' followed by the triangle. 

(Private Ubrary, New York.) 

Dirtet rtftrtmea : ( Serttfium for Januanr itt, it6i. 
\ Nctti M Cohimhutf D, ptfe %^, 

2 4* yESPUCCJUS {AMERJCUS}— Recto of the first Uaf: 

^im}m» tt11ttn0.11 

SbtAuttm pluximtm Ititit.W 

Digitized by 


BibUothica Aw$iricMs. 69 

*^ Sm. 4to, siMi anno Mut lcc9, four lemvct ; forty lines in a full I C^l** 
page, no signttares. The virs9 of the lut leaf has twenty-six ^^^^^^ 
lines of text, then the sentence : ** Ex Italin^* (jU), and at 
the end: 

f«a» Win II 

(PriTUr Library, New York.) 

Dhtct reftmen : ( Ser^pium far Jtanaiy itt, it6i. 
\ Ntn M Oinrnkm^ E, page 30. 

2 5 • VESPUCCIUS (AMRRICUS^Ricto of the first Urf: 

€ Mundus nouus ii 


c Mundus nouus de natura & 

mollYliittss r cetetCss CH gmetiss gentCss que In noun 
mil II Ho opera r Cmpenftss ferenfinmC ^ottugallie 
lElellgiss Atper \,su\ annCss Citttento.H 

CAliierintss beiputCttss Eatttentiopetdlvellmelyl^ 
cf0 ^oltttem plttfitruim yMX.T 

%* Sm. 8vo, /Mr/ anno ant Ue$, eight leaves ; thirty lines in a full 
page; no water-mark; very large ornamented initials; no 
diagram ; only one signature, which is on the second leaf, viz. : 
Aij. The last page hu sixteen lines of text, the sentence, 
" Ex luUcM ...,** and : 


(Prhrate Library, New York.) 

Dirt€t rtftremca t ( Bihliotktes OrtnvUiisMm^ page 766. 
\ Nta M Gp/mhAm, O, page 30. 

* Amglice : The New World. Tonch- ditcoTered through the efibrti and at the 
ing the nature, cottomt and other things, expense of the lUnstrious King i^ Porto- 
concerning the people of the new world gal in former years. 

Digitized by 


and below: 

70 Bibliotbeca Americana. 

I 5 of. 26. yRSPUCCIUS (jiMERICUS)^Rect9 of fbi first li^f: 

petri francifcide medicis Salutem plurima 

Then within a border Felix Baligtult's mtrk» viz. : two monkeys 
at the foot of a tree, from which hangs a kind of carpet-bag, with 
the word: 

feik II 
^t\)m Unnb^ii 

\* Sm. Ato, title and text, six leaves, in Roman type, Pirso of the 
last leaf blank. The sentence, " ex itaiiaca [sW] . • •*' oc- 
curs at the end of the text. Forty lines in a full page. 

(PriTtte Library, New York and ProTidence.) 

Jehan Lambert exercised his art at Paris from 1493 
to 1514. 

Dinet rrftmcut f Camus, Mhmoiret mr De Bry^ page 119. 

•I Diiom, LiSrsry Cmpanhn^ (2d edit.). Vol. i, page 380, note, 
I BikHotkua GremriUtamSf page 766, and Bamcrr, Vol. ▼, col. 
1 155, line 17, describe only a copy of this No. 16, bat with a 

•porioos dtle. 
Notts M Coinmhu^ B, page 29. 

27. FRBFUCCIUS {AMERICUSi-^Ricf$ 9f the first leaf: 

|ltttniht0 It0ttn0ii 

Then the complicated marlc and mottoes of Denys Roce. 
Vtrs$ of the title page : 

nt notara tnotibf tt tttnia Qi gellnetiis gitto i| in 
noaa uKUhi opa Uin||])in«( fnennUnmi pottttgoUie 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca jfttieruana. 71 

tegfs ||fit|)eriotCiitt0 annCss Cnulto flPliietC- 1| mis Vth 1 50! • 
pntftts Eantttio pttxi lie melllviciss ^olttUm pluti^' 

mam UlcCtll 

%* 1 2mo, twenty-nine lines to a full page. An imperfect copy* 
containing only five leayes, sold at an auction in London, 
June, 1865. This heretofore unknown Paris edition, of which 
fragments only remain, wu once the property of M. Libri, 
and is now in the British Museum. 

" Denis Roce ou Rosse, dont nous avons dcs impres- 
sions, a imprime a Paris, depuis 14,00 jusqu*h 1500,'' 
says Santander/ yet the Pharsalia or Peter Desponte, 
so much prized bv bibliophiles, bears the imprint: 
ParrhisiSy per GuielmU Lerouge^ Expensis Dionissii Roce, 
MDXIIy* together with a printer s vicnette, which is 
identical with that in the present copy of Vespuccius. 

2 8 • VESPUCCIUS (AMERICUS)-^Ritto $f the first leaf: 

Then the mark of'' ^\X\Z% lit gOtttmOnt/'* 

Ftrso tftbejtrst haf: 

|IIltn^lt0 naittt0. 

Se natttta et mutilms et cetetin ^ ge-llnetto gens 
ttfque in nouo nKUio ofieta Urn [fu] \\ifittci\si itttxis 
\iS\mi ))otrtngiiIli( tegfs ftt-llpetlotrifinis annto inulto 
SUlietintst Ue^Htinis Eauc^io iietti He meliieiK 
ii^altttenillylttirimam iiieitll 


* Dictionmmre Bibliogr,, Vol. i, p. aji. of the jiipUbttum grgtcum of 1507. See 

* It H the tame whioi adorns hit edttioii BtuNBTy Vol. i, col. 198. 

Digitized by 


72 Bihliotheca Amiricana. 

I ^0\% ■ Then the text, which ends on pers0 of the Itst lemf with : 


*♦* Very small 8vo, siMi ann$ snt l$co, eight lemves, thirty-one 
lines in a (uU page. An elegant book ; unique copy thus fkr* 

(PriTtte libraiy, New York.) 

We are inclined to affix a comparatively late date to 
this edition of what seems to us the first duplicate of 
Vespuccius* third voyage. Gilles de Gourmont was a 
Pans printer of great renown. The French are in- 
debted to him for their first Greek and Hebrew edi- 
tions, and for the publication of the earliest book de- 
scribing public pageantry with illustrations'. We can 
find no dated work of his bearing an earlier imprint 
than 1507. He exercised his art as late as 1527. Mr. 
Brunet^ says that this Vespuccius '' doit etre de Tannee 
1504 a peu prcs." 

Dirtct rtfirtMU i ( Libri Cttaiogoe, 1S59. 

i * AUmtul^ VoL ▼, coL 1155. 
( N9i*i om Columhms, Fp page 30. 

2 9« yRSPUCCWS (AMERJCUS)^Re€to of the first leaf: 

|ltnnihtt0 Il<mtt0 n 

€ Be natttta et motttius t cetetto Oi sttis git,- 1| 
%M i ttOtto mlHio opeta 7 iwsiUsi fereniffimf llpors 
tttgollte tregiis fupetlotUitts aftist initmto II 

Al1)et{ni0 be^tiujs i^autltio lit miiiicist ^olutl 

Then the text. 

* Dn Pays' TrymmpUnu et ttUmmtlU uBniget, in 1515); ibUo, nodate (Parit), 
MMrm (of Cliarlea, Akhdnkc of Autria, tUitjr-thice woodeutt, 

Digitized by 


Bihliothica AwnricMs. 73 

%* 4to, /MV JAM ant Ucu foor letret, fortx-fbur lines to a full I COl** 
pa^ ; on rtct$ of the fourth letf nineteen lines of text ; then , 
the sentence «« £x iialUa . . /* (from which Brunet omits 
•erertl words), then : 

On the last leaf u the mark of Wm. Vorsterman, of Antwerp, as 
given in the BihUfphiU Bi^^, which edition is nerertheless supp<Med 
(from the type) not to hare been printed at Antwerp, but by some 
printer on tne Lower Rhine, and that Vorsterman had his mark added 
to give the book currency in the Netherlands. Water-mark, a kind 
of pitcher. 

(Pfirate Library, New Yock, «U Ifanrar4 OolL libr.) 

Humboldt, in describing the copy in the Gottingen 
Library, expresses the opinion that the woodcut repre- 
senting the double-headed-eagle escutcheon with the 
three towers, " parait annoncer le r^e de Philippe II, 
fils de Tempereur Maximilien, ou de Charles V ; '' yet 
the same woodcut is also in the rare Noble science des 
joueurs despee^ which bears the imprint of '^ Lan mil cinq 
cens et xxxviii." 


Dirta rtftnmtt t j* Hviuolbt» E*tmtn Oitifta^ YoL ▼, page 7. 
Bevmst, Vol T» coL 1 1 55. 
Paelinck Catalogvey Bmx^ it 60. 
Notes om O/mwUmSf H» page 31. 

3 O. yRSPUCCIUS (AMRRJCUSy-'Recto $f the first leaf: 
"Bl.P:J)|ttll)i'tt0 Kll1|lt0*Bl.I.:[Bl. 

P, for verso ?] Altmicust befpitdus Eatttattio ^ettf 
m me||liici0 folvtem yltttimam liUit || ^Slpetioti- 
iitt0— in Bi. 2*: fpsta^— t^abenteis Bi. 2": in— tnn 

Bl. 3* : metaflilittnt— Figur. wie bci Nr. II [our No. 
aa] angegeben. BI.3*: ^O0t— jSUffi(iant B1.4*: Figur. 
wie bci Nr. I [our No. 23] und II— ea %m% BCO. 
Bl. 4* weiss." 

* VoL y, page 30*. 

Digitized by 


74 Bibliotheca Americana. 

I 50t« '' 45 zeilen auf der vollen Seite. Schlussworte aller 
"■"^" drei Ausgaben (ohne Abkurzungen und abweichende 
Intcrpunction) : ' »x JtOlica/ &c/' 


We copy the above verbatim et literatim^ leaving it 
to the reader to decipher its mysterious abbreviations. 
This extremely rare Vespuccius is in the Mercantile Li- 
brary of Hamburg. The others mentioned in the same 
number of the Serapeum we describe supra et infra^ from 
original copies and a ftc-simile. 

I C04* 31 • VESPUCCIUS {AMBRICUSy-Reeto of fbi first lisf: 

— Jlttttt^tt0 1(<»tttt0ii 

Ferso of the first leaf: 

l^i^nttif II ^^^ ^^ meHidss falutem plntimam 

Verso of the fourth leaf: 

^agtftet iol)ines( otmat: binHelice impteffit 
ftttpftell Anno miiunmo quingmtefimo quarto* || 

*^* 4to« four unnumbered leaves ; in every respect like No. 22, 
with the exception of the above colophon, which is inserted 
in place of the words Lmus ieo. 

(Private Libr. New York and ProrideBce.) 

Dirttt refirencest ( Zapf, jinith, Buekdnuk,^ VoL is, page 16, and jimnst, Typcgr,, 

t ( Zapf, ^ 
i ptgc 49 
I Panxbb, Ji 

, AmnaUt Tjp9gr,, Vol. ti, page 133. 
Rstsel Catalogue, No. 90S. 
NATAMtrrx, Coleeci9n^ Vol. m, page 186. 
Bihlhtkeca GriMvillimma^ page 766. 
Bihlhtkeca Brvwnitma^ No. 10. 
TBaNAox, No. 6. 
BaoNXT, Vol. ▼, col. 1 1 54. 
Notet oti Coiumhms^ C, page 19. 

* For January, 1861. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 75 

3 2. ANONYBi^*^ Libretto de tutta le navigatione de Re ^ 5®4* 
de Spagna le ifoUy et terreni mvamente trovati, ftampato 
in Venczia da Alberdno Vcrcellcfe ncl 1504."* 



'' Libretto de tutta le Navigazione del Re di Spagna 
delle Ifole, e Terreni, nuovamente fcoperti. Per Al- 
berdno VercelleTe di Lifona a di 10 Aprile 1504, 4.'' 


" II a ete vu par Foscarini, Zurla et Tabbe Morelli/* 
says Humboldt^ Brunet states^, on the authority of 
Morelli, however, that it is only "une traduction en 
dialecte venitien, par Angelo Triviffiano de la premiere 
decade latine d'Anghiera." The letter (apud Morelli) 
in which Trivigiano confesses that he has copied and 
translated into the language of everybody the " verbose" 
account of Columbus voyages; and Anghiera's bitter 
complaints' when brought together, seem to fasten the 
charge of plagiarism on Trivigiano ; but there are 
several circumstances which may lead to a contrary 
opinion. In the first place, Trivigiano was Chancellor 
to the Venetian Embassy, and of course a frequenter of 
the Court ; Anghiera, by his position as preceptor of 
the royal pages, was also a courtier, and being likewise 
an Italian by birth, he must have known Trivigiano. 
If so, how is it that Anchiera calls his plagiarist ^' Aloy- 
sius Cadamostus?" In the second place, there is at 
least one passage in the first Decade^ viz. : ^^ Interro- 
gati a me nautse (qui Vicentium A^em Pinzonum 
hierant comitati) an antarcticum viderent polum," 
which, according to Humboldt, indicates a redaction 

* Axgliei : A short relation of all the owte of the three firtt booket of my firtt 
navigations of the King of Spain, the Decade - - - - suppotinge that I woolde 
islands and countries newly discoTered. neuer haue pnblysshed the same** — (£den*s 
Printed in Venice by Alberdno Vercellese transl., London, 4to, 1555, and i6ii)| 
[di Lisona], in 1504. Decade u, Lib. m and Tin* 

* « Bat he stoole certeyne annotaciona * Lib. iz. 

Digitized by 


jS BibttothiCM AfmricMo. 

1504* of a date later than 1505, whilst the Libretto was pub- 
I lished as early as i <04. 

This work, which seems to be now lost, has been the 
prototype of all subseauent collections of voyages, down 
to all the reprints of tne Novus orbisy in which it is sup- 
posed to have been inserted and translated. 

Dhmt rrftnmn i f * Di Mgrt§ P$U m deitt dtri ^i^iggistmi Fiuimismi^ YoL d, page 

i iot» 
I * Disterti 

' Disterumitiit ptge 1 3S, oa the aothority of the jMumt. sUs BiU. 

F$lmH id Chmllif ** Scsmua*' xxxm, pege 160. 
' Extmtn Cririfutf YcL nr, page 77. 
* MMwmiif Vol. ly col. 194. 

NAPMNSy DdlsfmtnSf »bc^ page 13!. 

MoBKLUy Ltnera rmrummm^ page 43. 

I 505* 3 3* ^^^P^^C^^^ (AMBRJCUS)^Rict$ of the first leaf: 

Steirion Me mht,1^ 

lew eri{le»(i4e« Ai||iiig km f irtogtU. toximleritrn^ 


Then woodcut filling the rest of the page, representing the King 
of Portagtl, with sceptre and escutcheon, illuminated. 

Fir so of the first Uaf: 

Reet* *f tb$ sixth Urf, afttr fourteen and « be^ Hues »f text : 

f|eit-||^(«r It! iwa ftH| ftn tfm wtiea m$Mtt m# 
€|ri|U griart 9lUtfft)eii|aa||krrt kaak 9NH*v*ll 

Digitized by 


IfOclftit tpM 8 Hf c « i mi l|tert| ttilffgtMg || |^ 1505. 


Then three escutcheons. 

%* Sm. Ato, SIX letTes, virs$ of the last bltnk ; thirt^-seren lines 
in a tall page. 

(McrautUc libruyy Hamb%ff.) 

There is a remarkable fac-simile made by Mn Pilin- 
ski^ a Polish artist residing at Paris. 

DirKt r^knmu i ( Sermfemm hr Jmmij, it 61 (N©. it), 
\ Friack't CitalogM, Htk, 1165. 

34# FRSPUCCJUS {AMERICUS^Recto $f thi first Usf: 

^oittimteft)ii gefttittim 

tFilK|)l|lll ■■ |inr# lot erefUidi^eii||»»ig Mx^ir-- 

tegftl. littiikeriftlUI erfinike«.|| 

Then, woodcut u in the above. 

%* 4to, /Mr/ ^rtf, title i, seren unnumbered leares, two signatures, 
viz.: Aiii and A iiii. Last word on reverse of the title: 
nCf flint • thirtj-five lines in a full page. 

(Britbh MoMwii.) 

** This German account of the third expedition of Vesputius in 1 501 
is not only prior to that in my library of Leipsick, 1 500, but is quite 
a different version from that of 1 506, and is without the division into 
chapters which wu subsequently adopted.'* 

(MS. note In the OrenYiUe copf.) 

The length of the lines in the title page shows this to 
be a different issue from No. ^3' 

* Amgliti : Conccmiiig the newly tnd This epittle hat been tnntUted from 

wottderrally dbcoTeied region which nuy the Latin into German, from a copy 

well be called a world, by the Christian which came fnm Paris in the month of 

King of Portngal. May, in the year of Christ's birth, 1 505. 

Alberic Vespntias presents his respects Printed at Nuremberg by Wolfigang Hoe- 
to Laorent Peter Francis de Medids. ber. 

Digitized by 


7 8 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 $0^. 3 5. ALBBRTiNi (FRjiNCis DB)--^' Dc Mirabilibus novae, 
& veteris Urbis Rome. Opus editum a Francifco de 
Albertinis Clerico Florentino, tribus Libris divifum, 
dicatumque Julio 11. Pontif. Max. ; Rome per Joan- 
nem de Befichen An. 1505." 

Although the above title is given with a certain mi- 
nuteness, we are not at all prepared to admit it as authen- 
tic. The name of the printer imparts to the work a 
suspicious appearance. It is not known that John 
Besicken printed at Rome alone after 1496, or even in 
partnership with Martinus of Amsterdam after 1501.* 

See infra. 

36. COLUMBUS {CHRiSTOPHBR)^Copiz de la Lettera per 
Columbo mandata a li SerenifTimi Re et Regina di 
Spagna : de le infule et luoghi per lui trouate. 

Conftantio Bayuera Breffano || Al Magnifico et Clar- 
iflimo Francefco || Bragadeno Podefta di BrefTa S. 

Co/op Jbog: 

Stampata in Venetia (a nome de Conftantio Bayuera 

citadino di BrefTa) per Simone de Louere. a di 7 di 
Mazo. 1505. cum priuilegio.* 

*^* Small 4to, eight leaves, the last of which is blank ; text in 
black letter. 

' Istor. de Fioreut, Scrittorif p. i8i. Constancio Bayuera of Brescia to the 

* SANTANDsa, Dictionnaire Bihliogr,^ magnificent and illustrious Francesco Bra- 
Part I, p. 153. gadeno, Podesta of Brescia. 

♦ jiagUck: Copy of a letter of Columbo Printed at Venice for Constancio Bay- 
written to the most illustrious King and uera (citizen of Brescia), by Simon de 
Queen of Spain, concerning the islands and Lovere, March 7th, 1505. With Privi- 
covntries discoTered by him. lege. 

Digitized by 


Bibtiotheca Americana. 


Prompted by the success of Vasco da Gama's voyajge, 
Columbus, fitting out a new expedition, sailed, takins 
with him his brouier Bartholomew and his own son and 
fiiture historian, Fernando, May 9th, 1502, from Cadiz 
with four small caravels. After a voyage of only twenty- 
five days, the Admiral reached what is supposed to be 
the island now called Martinique ; discovered, July 
30th, the unimportant island of Bonacca, near the Bay 
of Honduras ; sailed along the Veragua coast, hoping 
yet to find the Ganges, the kingdom of the Great Khan, 
and the precise locality of Paradise. After a succession 
of shipwrecks, mutinies, and manifold misfortunes, he 
set sail for Spain, September 12th, landing finally at San 
Lucar, November 7 th, 1504, when he learned, to his 
great sorrow, that his best friend and protectress, Isa- 
bella, had died. 

The above is a description of the events of this voy- 
age (which was Columbus* fourth and last), only to 
July 7th, 1503; and is dated from Jamaica. It was 
originally written in Spanish. There is still a manu- 
script copy in that language, either in the library of the 
Cuenfa College at Salamanca, or in the Lonja ox Seville. 
Navarrete published it in his valuable Coleccion^. We 
have the authority of Pinelo* for the . assertion that it 
was printed ; but no such Spanish edition has yet been 
found. An Italian translation, however, either from that 
printed original or from a MS., was published in Italy 
very soon after the return of Columbus; it is the present 
No. 36. 

The latter had long been forgotten when Morelli, the 
modest, obli^ng and erudite librarian of the St. Mark 


* Vol. I. pp. 296-313. 

* « Hillase otra Carta del mitnio Colon, 
ctcrita en Jamaica, i 7. de Junio («/() de 
1503. que fue so vltimo Viage; de el 
qual, et RelacioMp embiada i lot Relet Ca- 
tolicoe, imp. en 4 ... La impreta ettaba 
en la Lihreria d* Dw Juan d* Saldter' 
mm.'* Baacia-Pimblo, Bpitome^ Vol. n, col. 
565. Lbon Puibm, P* 6I} give* Jftiio, 

We have teen it ttated that Fernando 
Colombo alto atterti that the account of 
hit fiither*t third Toyage wat printed. We 
have examined firom chapter ucxxTm to 
the end of the Hitiorit fat the purpote of 
finding tuch a reference j and although 
the latt twenty chapten are devoted exdu- 
tively to that remarkable voyage, we failed 
to ditcoTer any allution to a printed account. 

Digitized by 



BibBothecM AimricMM. 

1^05. Library at Venice, corrected the text of Simon de Lo- 
H^^HB vere's edition, and republished it in 18 10 under the title 
now so fiequently quoted of Lettera rarissima^. This 
reprint contains notes and extracts of the utmost interest, 
among which the reader will notice the curious biographi- 
cal sketch of Christopher Columbus, from the For-- 
tolano of Coppo da Isoia (see infra), and the letter, dated 
Granada, August 21st, 1501, and addressed to Mali- 

?iero by An^elo Trivigiano, Secretary of Domenico 
Isani, Venetian Embassador to the Court of Spain^. 
Bossi reprinted Morelli's version, which is also in 
Urano's French edition of Bossi, and in Daelli's BiiSo- 
theca rara^. Mn Major has inserted the Spanish text 
and an Enfi^lish translation in his Select Letters. We 
copy our tide from Brunet. 

Mfif^i Ttftf^9it% t 


BMMBOt t¥0^ itio^ «U O^trmtf Veaice, tvo^ itse^ Vol. i, p. 

MUgsth Em^fchpiSfut (liiuiif'tX Ibr itis, VoL i, pp. ft)]- 

N. Y. SfUmi*^ Append ptge IzL 
* Liturt mttgrifk^ lIUiBy itiBO^ I'^St PP« 115-140. 
BiVMSTy Vol. D, coL 167. 
OftAiatiy VoL n, ptge ftftt. 
Nnn M C^kmkiu^ ptge ifty. 

* It it M ibilowt s 

*< lo ho ttavto ttnto mtssOi cht ho pmo 
prtdct t grta tmldtit con U Culombo ) 
qotlt tl pretence ti tttrort qui in grta 4tt- 
4itt, mtl in grtsit 4i qoetti Re, e con 
pochi 4entri. Per too messo ho mt ndt to 
%fufu% Ptlot, che 2 nn Ivogo dore noa 
tUtt, ttivo che mtrintri e nomini prtddii 
di qoel mggio del Colombo^ unt Cent td 
intttast delit Mtgaificeast Yottrti It 
qatl ttri beaiinmo Attt, e copiott e ptrti- 
coUr di qotnto ptete 2 scoperto. Qoi aoa 
oe a* ^ ttlvt oat di detto Colombo^ at k 
«omo die ae ttppit hx, Bitocaeri ttrdtr 
qutlche fiorao td tver qvettt, perchd Pt- 
kMy dore It ae 6y 2 loattao dt qut 700 
mifUt I e poi come It stri fiutt, aoa to 
coBM It potr6 mtadtr, perchi l*ho fiittt 
hs del cooptMo grtade, perchd It tit piik 
bellt. Dobito che *1 bitogaeri che It 
lltga. V. tspetd It aoitrt Teaatt, che di 
ffigieae aoa dorerit ttrdtr molto) che *1 

•tri preito ono taao che titaio fborm. 
Cbct il Trttttto del Vltggio di detto Co- 
lombo, ono T t l eata omo 1* ht oompotto^ et 
k nat dicerit molto loagt. V ho copUtt, 
e ho It copit tpprnto di m/t\ mt i ti 
grtade, che aoa ho modo di mtadtrit, ae 
aoa t poco t poco. Mtado tl prewate 
tilt Mtga. V. il prime llbro^ qotle ho tnt- 
Itttto ia Tolgtre per mtggior tat como- 
ditiL n compodtor di qaettt I lo tmbet- 
•tcor di qoetd Sereaitiimi Re, che vt tl 
Soldtao ; il qotle viea II con taimo di pce- 
•eattrlt tl 8ereai»imo Preadpe aottro, il 
qotl peaao It hxk tttmptr{ e coti It 
Mtga. V. ae tveri copit perfettt.** 

Anglkl t ** I htre htd to much to do 
with CoLOMiot thtt we tre aow oa lati- 
mtte terms, tad I htve t greet fHeadthip 
for him. He ii tt preieat here ia greet 
wtat, out of fiiTor with the tovereiga, tad 
with little moaey. Through him I htTc 
•eat to Pftloii t pitce where only Mdlon 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 8i 

37» f^SSPUCCIUS {AMERICUS^^Recto of the first Uaf: I 5^5* 

%m^tx iieft gefttttbett I 

Krgi«« f« ii«( eiit nelt geweaMit nrvbeitJI k«vi^ keit @:ri- 
{Itlii^eit (ftitig, ka« Ij^trHgtl, || ttmiielitlii^ evftn^ea II 

Then woodcut similar to that in the above (No. 36), but evidently 
printed from a different block. 

In fine: 

Vi% (itfai {ft bij^ wiffhiehiSfttfdl ge)iige« itf^ bew eiewH 
^(tr bid kait ^irif^ Itni ini jRetieit waitet mitle itadj 
CriftitS geimrt. id (imlrrt liiik fHit|f Ur. II 

%* 4to, //»/ /i7r^, eight leaves, thirty-three lines in a full page ; 
signatures Aii, Aiii, Aiiii. Altogether different from the 
above Nos. 35 and 36. 

(British Museum.) 

38. yESPUCCIUS (AMERICUSy^Ricto of the first leaf: 

$oit tier neit aefitttlint 
Sieglim Me molj^ilS 

knt @:ri{leit(ii^eit (tirigllksit ^svtigtl, liitii^ctlitrHi^ tts 


and men acquainted with Columbu8*8 voy- not be far off, seeing that we shall soon 
age live, to have a map made at the request have been out of the Republic for a year, 
of your Magnificence. It will be extremely Concerning the Treatise on the Voyage of 
well executed, and copious and minute in Columbus, a skillful person has composed 
respect toall the newly discovered countries, it and it is a very long story. I copied it 
There is no such map here save one in the and have the copy by me, but it is so large 
possession of the said Columbus, nor is that I have no way of sending it, except- 
there any man who can make one. I shall ing piece-meal. I here send your Magnif- 
have to wait some days for the same, be- icence the fint book, which I have trans- 
cause Pakw, where it is to be made, is seven lated into Italian for your greater convent - 
hundred miles firom here \ and then when ence. The author of this treatise is the 
it is finished I do not know how I can send embassador of these Most Serene Sovereigns 
it, as I have ordered it to be made of a to the Sulun, who will come to Venice to 
large size that it may be handsomer. I present it to our Most Serene Prince, who, 
expect your Magnificence will be obliged I think, should have it printed, and so your 
to await our coming, which necessarily can- Magnificence will have a perfect copy of it.** 


Digitized by 


82 BihBothiea AmmcMM. 

1 505* Then a repretentadon of the King of Portugal holding a sceptre in 
mmmm^mam ^' "S^^ hand, and in his left a crowned escutcheon. 

Fers$ •/ the first Um/: 

The lut three lines on the vers* of the seventh leaf uxt n fol- 

Vs| (atei* if UfS liiffite to 2eiitf# R gejiset •«! 
lew l^reM)i(tr Its im 9^ !•<» ^ «^m «w-4 Mt 
9(«# €|filH geiuft XV. Iimlert mil fiwlf jar. U 

*^* 8to, /mt^ /#^'#» seven leaves + one blank ; thirty-five lines in a 
full page. 

(PriTtte Library New York tad Pkovideac*.) 

The copy in the British Museum contains a letter ad- 
dressed to Mr. Thomas Grenviile by Mr. Panizzi, from 
which we extract the following : 

** This edition is described by Panzer, JMnsUn der Alter Dentcher 
Liter Mt., Vol. i, page 271, No. 561 ; but I do not find it mentioned 
anywhere else. It is mentioned by A. Humboldt only, in the fifth 
volume of his Exsmen CritiqMe (page 6), where he quiedy (page 32) 
corrects a mistake he had committed in the preceding volume (pages 
168-9) respecting the date of this curious document. 

** Whilst some editions in Italian and Latin of Vespuccio's letter 
say that he sailed on the loth, and others on the 13th of May, 1501, 
this one uy% f$Mrteentb in full — a fact, I believe unnoticed." 

Kttt { , 

Direct reftnmti t C BiUitUe* GrewvitttMs^ Part n, ptge 4A7. 

Heber Catalogue (Paiis, 1836), Part n, No. 884. 
HoMBOLDT, Examiu Qritifiu^ Vol. ▼, page 6, mm. 
BavNXT, Vol. ▼, col. 1 1 56. 
BihlitkiKm Brwwnimut^ No. 1 3. 
Lhrret Otritmx^ No. ill. 
NH*t 0M Ctlmmikmi^ K, page 33. 

Digitized by 



BibBotheca AmerkMM. 

39* ^^SfUCCIUS {AMERICUSy-Rect0 •/ tht first Usf: 

k ura antardkaii 

vn tisnn yottngoUiellytittfin iniKitta.|| 

Then two woodcut*: one repretenting four naked sartge*, the 
other, five vessel*. 

Ftri* tf the first Usf: 

\ in. Hinsmanniiis |li)Uen«0. 21. II Jocolio 
Vtwui, fun acfiati. ii^. )).)r.|| 

J!*f/# »ftbt stctni leaf: 

IT Be tei:ra iv^ tvOAx^z Slnut^rtfeo pet: te gem |lots 
titgaUie yti- 1| )iem imtmta. in. ilingmanni |l|^ 
IfAj ^amun. II 

A7«# ^/^* ttctnd leaf: 

xtvXw p^iitri W ttte}>tct0 fa- 
lute ))ltttta ^t<rttll 

On the reef of the lut leaf i certificate from a papal notary, fol- 
lowed by : 

imprrfftttn Sltgentine per ;fliUti)iam f^tipfitf . M. 

V! V. II* 

%* Sm. 4to, six leaves. 

(PriTate Librar.y New York, ProTidence, and Washington city.) 

* AngUcl : Concerning the Antarctic AnUrctic region formerly diicovered by 

coatt ibnnerly ditcorered by the King of the King of Portugal. Matter Ringman 

Portugal. Matter Ringman Philetiut to Philetiut* Poem. Printed at Stratburg 

Jamct Brano hit friead. Concerning the by Matthias HnpAiffj 1505. 

Digitized by 


84 Bibliotheca Americana. 

ICOC* Direct reftrencets 

Pamzek, Atinalet Typogr.^ Vol. vi, page 33. 
Bihliotkeca Grenvi/liatMf page 766. 
Bihliotkeca Heberiana^ Part vi, No. 3S49. 
Bibliotheca BrotomaMa, page 6, No. I a. 
TsRMAUx, No. 7. 
Rxtzel Caulogue, No. 11 58. 
Crowninihield Catalogue, No. 107 1. 
Notes on Columbus^ I, page 31. 
Brvmst, Vol. ▼, col. 1155. 

I C06« 40. VESPUCCIUS {AMBRICUSy^Recto of tbi first leaf: 

"^ %m iictt uftme ^n- 

fit» imb liiikeit fa t|e# AMHd|eit erfMnleit ft|iit bitr^ 
belt (iiitig km ^artngil. II 

Then the same woodcuts is in No. 39, and on the verso two wood- 
cuts : the one above representing two men looking with astonish- 
ment at a mermaid ; the other, the King (probably) greeting Ves- ^ 
pucci upon his return. 

Recto of the second leaf: 


fagt tiil Iril^iitiit %m 
lant^tid ^etri be meMeid." 

Vers* of the last leaf: 

1[ ^etnttft 3ii @irtjfi«rg itt km faaff^l li ^wikrrfleii 

Then woodcut of the King receiving Vespuccius. 

*^ Sm. 4to, eight leaves, in a demi-cursive German type ; signa- 
tures A and B in fours ; thirty-two lines in a full page. No 

(Private Library, New York.) 

* Anglice t Concerning the new itlandt New World. Alberic Vetpotius tends hit 
and countries which have lately been dis- respects to Laurent Peter de Medicis. 
covered by the King of Portugal in the ' Printed at Stratburg in the year 1506. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 85 

Dirtet rrftrtmca : f Tumavx, No. 8. I COO« 

i Brumkt, Vol. V, col. 1 1 55. ^^i^--— 

I RouuN, in Humboldt*! Exmrnen CriHfiti, Vol. v, page 7, note. ^^■^^■" 
KloM Catalogue, page 310, No. 4354. 
Notts on ColmmhuSf J, page 3a. 

41. vRSPUccius {AMERicusy-^^y on dcii newen Infulen 
und Landen so yttz kurtzlichen erfundenn seynd durch 
den kunigk von Portigal, curious woodcut in the title\ 
This EXCESSIVELY RARE Tract consists of only six leaves. 

^^ Leypftck durch Baccalarium Martinum Landejfbergt^ 

{Bihiiotktcs Hehiriams*.) 


Dirtcl rtfimce$ : ( * Pan n. No. 3846. 
Rich, No. i. 

Natauiti, (Utteim, Vol. m, page 1S7. 
HuMMLDT, Exama Oitifiu, Vol. it, page 160. 
Livra Curitiut, No. 115. 

4.2. BBRGOMAS (JjIC PHIL.)—Recte tf the first leaf: 

0otttfnmet)iftotiatfillomnifl tepetcuffidest: notti|| 
in a ViVinmWamti patre Jacobo pl){li))ll po ISet= 
gotnenfe otliinis f^etemitatuf II eliite : i)ite'^iipple=: 
mentunt fupple || menti (Ettonfcarfi itttnotpanlltut 
jhuipienifo aft exot II tifo tnlilii bfdp in ^n II nil Dalits 
ti0 notttre. II Jfilcna bi II (turn gtatia r ytiitUegio. || 

Then a coat of arms, surmounted by a cardinal's hat. 
Cthpbtn : 

H IBxplidt Jg^tippUmentttm ^upplementi ^'fyctuns 
itBxnm MM \\ gentet IBt Scutate Ifletttfttm ^tgue 
fttixxtt^. 17ene II tUs impteffttm ®pete $r impen^ 
fa Seotgii be lEtu- 1| fconitus ^nno a ^atittitate 

* Brunst, **Avec U imarque di rimprimeur,** Vol. ▼, col. 1 156. 

Digitized by 


86 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 506. (tWtl jn* S. II bi. Sie m ^ali : Hegnante Eeo^ 
— itar- II Ifo HobeHano Uenetia- 1| turn y tiitcipe* ||* 

*^ Folio, thirteen unnumbered leaves, then numbered leaves 
from 4 to 449. Many woodcuts. 

(PriTate Libraiyy New York and ProTideiice.) 

Many of the historians of the fifteenth century were 
mere chroniclers, who kept a historical register of 
events in the order of time, beginning a mundi incunabu- 
liSy and ending with the year when the manuscript was 
intrusted to the printer. Every two or three years, ad- 
ditions were made and new editions published under the 
name of the author who had given celebrity to the work, 
even after he was dead and buried within the walls of the 
monastery, which had often been his only sphere of action 
and personal influence. 

The present chronicle is one of that character. Its 
author, James Philip Foresti or Bergomas, was born 
either at Soldio {Niceron*), or at Bergamo {Bayle^y and 
himself: Bergamum ciuitas nostra: unde mihi origo esi)^ 
hence his name, in 1423 {Elssius^)^ or in 1434 (Niceron) ; 
and died in 1518 {BayUy Elssius and MeuseF)^ or in 1520 
{Niceron or Donaio Calvi\ whom Niceron seems to have 
copied in his notice of Foresti). He was of a noble 
family, and abandoned the world to become a monk of 
the Augustine order. 

" Tritheme a parlc de lui comme d'un trcs celebre 
H istoriographe." (Sallengr^.) 

* Angtiei t The latest reflectioni of all 
hittoryi la^ly published hj the most rever- 
end Father James Philip of Bergamo, of 
the order of the Hermits, called the Sup- 
plement's Supplement to the Chronicles, 
from the creation of the world to the year 
of our Redemption, 1 506, with Grace and 

Carefully rerised and corrected. Ven- 
ice, printed at the expense, amd by the care 
of Georges de Ruscon, A. D. 1506, May 
4th, under the reign of Leonard de Love- 
dano^ Prince of Venice. 

* AHmoins ^ur urvir i Pkittwre det 
Aomrnes illmttris, Vol. xvir, page 113. 

* DictUnnMire^ Vol. i, page 534. 

' BncmiatticoM jlMgustinism^ in Cle- 
ment's Bihiiotki^ue Cmrieute^ Vol. ni, 

* BiUiotkus HittoHcSf Vol. i, Part i, 
page 06. 

* Sctna Lett, dtgli Scritt. Btrimm, (Ber- 
gamo, 1664, 4to), Part I, page 196, mpmd 

* MiwMiru i* Littirsturtf Vol. i, paget 

Digitized by 


BiklUtheca Americana. 87 

The first edition of the Supplementum chronkarum is 1 506. 
of Venice, folio, 1485; which, with additions, was fre- ^bbbkb 
quently reprinted as late as 1547, and in Italian to the 
year 1581. It is entitled to a place in the BiHioiheca 
Americana on account of the chapter De quatuor per- 
maximis insults in india extra orbem nuper inventis^, which, 
like the passages in the Enneades of Sabellicus and the 
Commentary of Maffei of Volterra, his most intimate 
friend, acquires a peculiar interest from the fact that it 
preceded the publication of Peter Martyr's Decades. 
Maittaire* and ranzet^ give editions of 1483, 1484, and 
^^ non castratum,'' 1485 ; Clement cites one of i486, and 
Denis'** another of 1492 (before us) to which Du Fres- 
noy and Niceron erroneously ascribe the date of 149J. 

The Kloss" and Butsch Catalogues add to the list : 

^* Supplementum supplementi chronicarum ab exordio 
mundi usque in anno 1502, libri xvi, cum multis figg. 
ligno incisis. 

** Venetiis Albert, de Lissona, ^5^3^ folio" 

— which is the first edition containing the chapter relat- 
ing to Columbus and his voyages. 

There is a Nuremberg reprint of 1 506. 

Direct refer»9ea : ( BiU, Hitt, Sinn/i^-Buder.^ Vol. i, page 123, 
\ Pamsu, Amnmles Tyfogr^ Vol. vm, page 381. 
I MxviBL, BiUiotkeca Hiu^rUSf Vol. i, page 97. 
BiblhtktcM OrenvillUnSj Part n, Append., page 450. 
Bibliotk. Brownimna^ No. 14. 

^ In the present copy it b on the Teno '* Supplement, page 301. 
of leaf 440. " London, 1835, page 49, No. 668. To 

■ Amu^t Tyftgr.^ Vol. i (that which all of which we add : Omtsa, Bih/htkecs, 

bean the date of 1733, and constitutes page 17$ Bih/iotJUca Tio/r., Vol. tii, page 

Parts I and n of Vol. it of that erudite 108; Vossivs, di Hisfr, Lot., page 662; 

but chaotic compilation), pages 442, 458, Famicivs, Bihl, Lot, Med^ B. ix, p. 38 ; 

46J, 479» 5«9» 54«. Eucm^^/*/. Select,^ Part i, page 1 5 j Haih, 

* Ammalaj Vol. i, p. 247, Vol. ni, pp. Riftrtor,^ Nos. 1805, sf.f CataL Bihihtk. 

232, 280, 288, 320, 482, Vol. Tin, pp. Bumav,^ Vol. u, page 173 ; Bkunbt, Vol. 

364, 382. I, col. 787 \ OiAXssx, Vol. I, page 341. 

Digitized by 


88 Bibliotheca Americana. 

I ^OO. ^2. MAFFEi OF yoLTERRA—^^ Commentariorum urban- 
'™""™'*^ orum Libri xxxviii, 

"Romae, J. Beficken [?], 1506, folio/' 

[Biographic Umiverselle and Ebskt'.) 

Raphael MafFei, MafFeus Volaterranus, or Rafaello 
Volterrano, born at Volterra in 1451, died, 1521 
(MeusePy Blount^) or 1522 {Tiraboschi^)y at Rome. 

" Raphael de Volterre avait dcja dcdic \ cc grand pontife [Julius III, 
ses Commentaires Urbainsy sorte d'encvclopedie contemporaine dont la 
geographic forme Telemenc principal [the first twelve books], et ou 
les recentes decouvertes des Espagnols et des Portugais sont appreciees 
au point de vue du christianisme qui les avait inspirees. Apres avoir 
glorifie le passage aux Indes par le cap de Bonne-Esperance, et les 
navigations vers Ics lies de I'occidcnt, qui n'avaient point encore re9u 
le nom immerite d'Americ Vespuce, Tauteur depeint les peuples nou- 
veaux, dont les mceurs etranges ne le surprennent pas moins que leurs 
richesses. Qui le croirait, s'ecrie-t-il, ils ont entendu la voix des 
apotres, eux qui nc connurent pourtant des Macedoniens ou des 
Romains, ni les armes ni meme le nom." 


The passage referred to by Mr. Thomassy in his in- 
teresting pamphlet is in the last section of Book xii, 
^^Loca nuper reperta^^ and begins in these words: " Huius 
itaque laudis aemuli nautae Hispani, qui sub Ferdinandi 
regis auspicijs agunt, duce Christophoro Columbo, anno 
Mccccxci, a Gadibus soluentes." 

The above may not be the exact title of the edition 
of 1506, as the latter seems to be a collection of all of 
Maflfei's works. 

Direct rtftrtnctt : (" * Dictionary, No. 1 3007. 

i • Bibliotk, Histor,, Vol. i, Part i, page 281. 
I * Centura celeb, auct., page 369. 
^ Storia della Let, Ital. Vol. yii, page 11. 
' Les Papes Geograpkes, page la 

• Votsiut, De Hiitor, Latin., Lib. iii, cap. xii, page 67a. 
Baillit, Jugementt, Vol. ll, page 135. 
FasHCRut, Tkeatrumy Part ir, page 1438. 
Fabricius, Bihiiegr. Antiq.y page 609) and Bibl, Latin. Med., 

Vol. VI, page 142. 
Govio, Degli Auomi/amos., (1558), page 233. 
Magirus, Eponymologium Criticum, page 800. 
Saxius, OnomasticoMf Part 111, page i. 

Digitized by 


BikUotheca Americana. 89 

44* FESPuccJua ar HrLACo»irLus^Re(t$ •fth* first liMf: 1 507. 

TIO, &c*, cum IV Amend Vefpucij navig. 

Kicf •fAU: 

** Div$ MMxmilUn9 Ca/nri mm- ||^«^# Msrthnu iJisc0^\\ 
milius FtlicitM- || Um §put. ||" 

*^ 4to. This is the ^iis copy, now in a priyate llbrtrj of 
Lyons. We have failed to secure a collation of this raris- 
sime edition ; but the Mazarine Library contains a specimen 
which, as fiir u it goes, is identical with the Eyriis, M. 
D'Ayezac informs us that in the Mazarine copy, the signa- 
tures read: A and B in sixes, C and D in/#«r/ (it lacks the 
remaining leaves^; and that the title-page, together with 
Ringmann's ten lines of verse on the verso, and the dedication 
on the recto of A ii in the name of ** Ilacomilvs*' (which, in 
this No. 44, we copy literally from Brunet), are precisely 
like our No. 47. 


4.^. WEM OPUS^Rict0 0/ tbi first iisf: 

RlIS II Infupcr quatuor Amend Ve- || 
fpucij nauigationes. Vniuerfalis Cbofmo- 
graphiae \sic\ defcriptio || tam in folido 
(Jplano/eis etiam||inlertis qu^ Ptholom^oH 
ignota a nuperis || reperta || funt. || DISTI- 
CHON II Cum deus aftra regat/ & tcrrae 
dimata Csfar || Nee tellus nee eis fydera 
mains habent. || 


Digitized by 


go BibBotheca AmericMM. 

1 507* First f0Mr lints •% tht vers9 •f tbt titU : 



In fine, indrcUng s printer^s msrk, ($nUining tbi initials S. D. || 
G. L. II N. L. II M. I. (tbi Utter interlaced) : 

Vrbs Deodate tuo clarefcens nomine 
prasfulllQua Vogefi monds funt iuga pref- 
fit opus II Preflit/ & ipfa cade Chrifto mo- 
nimeta fauete || Tempore venturo castera 
multa premet. || Finitu. vij. kl\ Maij |1 An- 
no fupra fefqui Millefium. vij. ||f 

%* 4to ; signtture A in six, B in fenr, a in eigbt (4- two for nuip- 
pemond, so called), b, c and d also in eigbts, e in fenr, f m 
six; title one leaf; then from A ij to the doublcy leaf or nup« 
so called, and which we count u one, ten unnumbered leaves, 
making, with the title-page, eleven; then from a to fiiij, 
forty leaves, followed by two more without signatures, with 
the colophon on the recto of the lut, the verso being blank. 
Text in Roman characters ; twentv-seven lines in a full page ; 
description of the map in twelve lines in Roman type. 

(PriTate Libr., New York, Owrt Head and ProTidence.) 

* jti^iieii InMdactioii to Comiog- f ^ ^ ' ^ P'vnil DeodtCe ! orbe cU- 
raphy, together with tome prindplet of retcent mo nomine qui rone iuga montb 
Geometry and Astronomy necettary to the Vogeii, prestit [hoc] opos ; et ipsa eadem 
porpoee. Alto four navigationt of Ameri- Chiitto ^vente monimenta;} tempore Ten- 
cot Vctpncint. A dctcription of uniTertal tnro premet catera molta.** 
Cotmography, both ttereometrical and 

planometrical, together with what wat |Th«M"J#««iiiM«***M«aBatherwoikb7Hy- 

onJuiown to Ptolemy, and hat been recently tacomylnt, as appcan from the foUowlng patsag« 

ditcorered. DitncH. Neither the earth '** ^^ dadicadoa of the hutmcth mmmmimtUtum 

God and Cctar, at God nilet the ttart and ia ifoS] . . . laborte uemA aMaiaaata dM oblata 

Oetar the dimet of the earth. • aobiafaMapaSc.** 

Digitized by 


BihBotheca Amerkana. 91 

46. VESPUCaUS ar HTLACOMrmS-^RiCti •fthi first iistf: I ^0*]% 


Infuper quattuor Americi || Vefpucij naui- 
gadones. || Vniuerfalis Cofmographiae de- 
fcripdo tarn || in folido q^plano/ eis edam 
inferds || quae Ptholom^o ignota a nu || 
peris reperta funt. || DISTHYCON || Cum 
deus aftra regat/ & terrae climata Caefar || 
Nee tellus/ nee eis fydera mains habent. || 

First f*MT lints if the vers* tf the title: 


Imfimt (encircling the printer's mark): 

Vrbs Deodate tno clarefeens nomine 
praeful || Qua Vogefi monds funt iuga pref- 
fit opus II Preffit/ & ipfa eade Chrifto mo- 
nimeta fauete || Tempore venturo caetera 
multa premet. || Finitu. iiij. kF. Septe || bris 
Anno uipra fes || quimilleumu. vij. || 

** 4to; tignatnre* A and B in sixtt, C in f*ur (-(-two for map- 
pemund) D in fo»r, witli verso of the last blank, A (again) in 
t^bt, b and c in f»*r$, d in eight, e and f in f*wrs { fifty -two 
annumbered leaves; map, the explanation on the back of 
which it in fifteen lines. The Dedication to the King of 
Jemtalem is on the rtett of A ii in the ftrt (Mt^ining Fes- 
fmttiwf Vejages. In the second May ediuon this Dedication 
it on the vers* of b iii in tht first part. 

(Private LibfST., New York tad ProTideacc.) 

Digitized by 


9^ BiiBotheca Americana. 

I 507. 47. rXSPUCaUS » BrLACOMTLVi-Rttt* *ftbt first Urf: 

' AC 




Infuper quatuor Americi Ve- 
fpucij nauigationes. 

Vnivcrfalis Cofmographi^ defcriptio 

tarn in folido (p piano/ eis edam 

infertis qu^ Ptholom^o 

ignota a nuperis 

repeita funt. 


Cum deus aflra regat/ & terrs climata Caefar 
Nee tellus nee eis fydera mains habent. 

Digitized by 


BihBotheca jtmericMO. 93 


Cum tua fit vaftum M aieftas facra per orbem 

Caefar in extremis M aximiliane plagis 
Qua fol Eois nidlum caput extulit vndis/ 

Attp freta Herculeo nomine nota petit: 
Qua(^ dies medius flagranti fydere feruet/ 

Congelat & Septem terga marina Trio: 
Aciubeas regu m^norum maxime princeps 

Mida ad arbitrium iura fubire tuum 
Hinc tibi deuota generale hoc mente dicauit 

Qui mira praefens arte parauit opus. 

First fMtr Bnet tftht rtttt »f Aij: 





C^kphtn precisely like No. 46. 

^m 4^^' ngnatoret exactly u in No. 46. The explanadoii on 
the back of the mappemond in fifteen lines ; the head line on 
the verso of Aiij, reads sphbrhab matb, instead of obombtriab, 
u in No. 45. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

Digitized by 


94 BibUotheca Americana. 

1507. But for this little work the Western Hemisphere 
■^Baa--99 might have been called ^'The Land of the Holy Cross/' 
or "Atlantis," or "Hesperides," or "Iberica,'^or " Co- 
lumbia,'* or "New India," or "The Indies," as it is 
designated officially in Spain to this day. The idea of 
calling the newly discovered world America originated 
with the compiler of the work before us, one Martin 
WaltzmuUer or Waldsee-muUer, a native of Freiburg, 
who held a professorship in the gymnasium of St. Die, 
in Lorraine (and not in Lower Hungary, as Navarrete 
supposed'). Following the custom of the scholars of 
those da]rs, he ^eciz^ his name into Hylacomylus, 
under which he is now generally known. The sugges- 
tion to which we owe our national name, and which 
seems to be an inexhaustible source of abuse and asper- 
sions, bespattering the reputation of a man Justly and 
universally respected to tne last day of his life, will be 
found in No. 45, on the verso of the fifteenth leaf 
(which is the first after a-iiij and the map), and is as 
roUowa : 

Nuc to & h^ partes funt ladus luilratae/ 
& alia II quarta pars per Americu Vefputiu 
(vt in fequenti || bus audietur) inuenta eft/ 
qui non video cur quis||iure vetet ab 
Americo inuentore fagacis ingenij vi [j ro 
Amerigen quail Americi terrS/ fiue Amer- 
icam II dicenda : cu & Europa & Aiia a 
mulieribus fua for || dta iint nomina«^ 

It is followed by the word ^'America,'' in the margin. 

* Vm, i ^ But now that thoie parts havn Americas, a man of sagacioos mind, since 

been more exten^Tely examined and an- both Enrope and Asia took their names 

otlier fourth part has been discovered by from women.** 

Americns (as will be seen in the sequel), ^ **JLit 9ffii» divi IWArf, que eocre* 

I do not see why we should rightly refose sponde hoy 4 Tata 6 Dolis, dndad tk9$dM 

to name it America, namely, the land of en la Hnngiia inferior* * Ot l t e e ha , Vol. 

Amcricus or Aawiki, after its discorerer, m, p. 1S3. 

Digitized by 


BikBotheca AmmcMtiM. 95 

The popularity of Hylacomylus' Cosmographia was such 1 507* 
in Central Europe that his proposition was immediately mmmmmmm 
acted upon. As a consequence, we find in Gaultier 
Ludd*s Speculum Or bis (No. 49), written in the same 
year, the credit of having discovered the Western Hem- 
isphere ascribed solely to Vespuccius, while an anony- 
mous Globus mundiy published by the same printer in 
1509 (No. 61), boldly calls the new vforla America, 
which figures under this name for the first time in maps* 
eight or ten years after Vespuccius had been in his then 
honored grave. Well may we say with Humboldt' that : 
''c'est un homme obscur, qui allait manger du raisin en 
Lorraine, qui a invente le nom d'Amerique, qu'Appien 
[the designer of the map inserted in Camers' Solinus'], 
Vadianus et Camers ont repandu depuis par Strasbourg, 
Fribourg et Vienne/' 

Although this important fact is now generally known 
through the praiseworthy efforts of Humboldt^, who 
took It at heart to vindicate the calumniated Florentine, 
Foscarini' and Bandini^ were the authors who first called 
the attention of critics to that interesting passage in the 
Cosmographia. It is also in the volume oefore us that 
the reader will find the first collection of Vespuccius* 
voyages, which we quote in No. 22, under the name of 

** Qnoiqu'il en soit, Taoteur de cette Cosmogrtphie i fait plus que 
de donner ^ TAm^rique le nom qu'elle porte aujourd*hui, car on voit^ 
par differents endroits de son ouvrage^ que dejil au commencement de 
1 507 il avaic prepare des mappemondes comprenant ce qu'on con- 
naissait alors de I'Amerique. ' Totius orbis typii tarn in solido 
piano .... paraq'erimus' (Ctf/iMT^^r^/i^/cr, 1* edit, feuillet Aij rec- 
to) .... Si te modi umonuerimus prius, nos in depingendis ubulis 
typi generalis nd omnimodo sequatos esse PtholomeO, praesertim circa 
novas terras vbi in cartis marinis aliter animadvertimus u equatorem 
cdttitui q* Ptholomeus fecerit (ibid, feuillet b. recto). L'auteur donne 

* Inserted in two editions of Sslimm*^ * Exmmum Critifui^ Vol. it, p. 33 ; Gm- 
Vienna and Cologne, ibl. 1500. ^tt infra, moi, Vol. 11, p. 676, mott, 

* BmUetim dt la Sociiti di Gi^grafkie^ * Del, Letterat, f^entniana, p. 431, ntte. 
ior December, 18 35, p. 411. * ^tta. Introduction, p. lyi. 

Digitized by 


96 BibBotheca Americans. 

I ^OJ% de plot grandt dtoils encore dtnt I'intcripdoii plac6e an recto de la 
^^^^^^ pUnche qn'on appele wmfftmtnit et qui ne contenant abtolnmeiit 
rien de g^ographique, n'a rien de commun avec les mappemondes g6o- 
graphiques que I'auteur avait prepar^es, et dont il parle. En efiet au 
▼erto de cette ' mappemonde' qu*on voit dans les deux 6diciont, verso 
qui pour le dire en passant contient 1 2 lignes dans I'edidon ' tii Kal. 
Maij' [the above] et 15 lignes dans la r6impression 'iiij Kl. Septe- 
bris [No. 46] bien que les inscriptions soient les memes dans les deux 
Editions, (nous indiquons cette difierence qui pourra senrir \ recon- 
naitre si I'on n'a pas Interpol^ la ' mappemonde' d'une edition dans 
Potion \ laauelle elle n'appartient pas) Tauteur explique comment 
dans la vfritable mappemonde qu'il avait prepare, it avait distingo^ 
par des signes sp^ciaux les quatre parties de la terre, savoir : L'Europe 
par des aigles romaines, PAnrique et une parcie de PAsie par des crois- 
sants . . • • ' Deniq in quartam tttxh parte per inclytos Castilie et 
Lusitanix reges repertam eomndem ipsorum insignia posuimus.' On 
▼oit done que c*est avant P6dition de Ptolem^e, public ayec le supple- 
ment Mtirci BimvinUni \mfrM\ que Pauteur de cette CtsmigrspbiM 
avait pr6par6 une mappemonde contenant ce qu'on connaissaitalors de 
PAmoique. Cette mappemonde a-t-elle paru s6parement en 1507 
ou bien, Pauteur ne Pa-t-il publi6e qu'apAs ? c'est II, une question 
que des recherches ult^rieures dirigees sp^cialement vers ce point 
pourront peut-^tre ^laircir. 

** C'estdans cette Edition que les quatre navigations d'Americ Ves- 
puce ont paru pour la premiere fbis [together] en latin. Ceux qui se 
sont occup€s de Phistoire de la geographic savent, que la relation 
du troisi^e voyage de Vespnce &t en 1501, qui se troure I la suite 
de cette CtsmigrspbU ofire une redaction uuUmint diffkriwti de celle 
que Vespuce a donn6e dans la lettre \ Laurent de Medicis, publi6e 
sous le titre de Mundus N$vMi di Ors AntsrtUM^, tec, Celle qu'on 
▼oit dans la CosmigrMpbU est adress^ au due de Lorraine (qu'on 
appelait le roi de Sicile) et elle ofire une tr^ grande analogic avec 
celle qui a 6t6 publi6e comme 6tant adress6e I Soderini. On sait du 
reste, que dans difierentes Editions de ces lettres on trouve des dates 

diff&rentes '' 


We cite four copies of this work : two dated of the 
calends of May (April 25th), 1 507, and two of the calends 
of September (August 29th) of the same year. All four 
differ in their typographical arrangements, but not in 
the text, either of die Casmographiae IntroducHoy which 

* It it thtjru daplkstSf tet m^«, p. 63. * Oitalofne of i86ft (f), p. 15. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 96* 

forms the first part of the work, or of the relation of 1 507. 
the four voyages of Vespuccius, which constitutes the . 
second part. The variations are chiefly in the text of 
the dedications, and in the omission in Nos. 45 and 46 
of Rinemann's ten lines of verse, which in these are 
replaced by a short text in prose and four lines in verse, 
totally different. 

No. 44 we have never seen, but Nos. 45, 46 and 47, 
we describe de visu. 

It is extremely difficult to give with certainty the 
chronology of these four issues ; but thanks to the 
corrections sent us by M. D'Avezac, we are enabled to 
set forth a very plausible arrangement. 

No. 44 must be considered the first edition. The 
reader will notice that in this, the dedication to the 
Emperor is in the name of " Martinvs Ilacomilvs,'* 
while in No. 4c, it is inscribed by the " Gymnasivm 
VosAGENSE.'* Now in the Margarita of Strasburs, 
1513^, there is a letter addressed to Ringmann or Phi- 
lesius, in which Hylacomylus complains bitterly of cer- 
tain parties who profited of his absence to arrogate to 
themselves the merit of having composed the Cosmo- 
graphia. This charge implies the existence of a previous 
edition by Hylacomylus; and the distich which con- 
cludes the verses addressed by Ringmann to the Em- 
peror", may be interpreted as indicating that No. 44 is 
the first edition ; which, as we have already stated, 
bears the name of Hylacomylus. 

* ** Ce passage se lit dans la Margarita nomen Sancto Deodato) ubi, ut nosti, meo 
pkthsofhica edition de Strasbourg, 15 13, potissimum ductu et labore (licet plerique 
intercalle entre le 6* et le 7* livre (la alii falso sibi passim ascribant) Cosmo- 
pagination manque). II ne se trouve pas graphiam non sine gloria et laude per orbem 
dans Tedition de Bale de la mcme annee ni disseminatam nuper (c*etait en 1507) com- 
dans aticune des nombreuses Editions subse- posuimus, dcpinximus et impressimus . . /* 
qoentet que j*ai pu examiner dans les dif- Humboldt, Examen Critique^ Vol. iv, p. 
ftrentet biblioiheques d*Allcmagne. 'Cum 113, norr. 

hit diebus Bachanalibus solatii causa, qui '* *' Hinc tihi devota generale hoc mente 

mihi mot est, in Germaniam venissem e dlcavit 

Gallia^ seu potius ex Vogesi oppido (cui Slut nixri prastns zrXt paravit opus*'' 

1 2 bis. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1507* The edition published in his absence is evidently 
HKBs^Bs- No. 45, as it is in this that we first find the substitution 
complained of by Hylacomylus. No. 46 is a reprint of 
45, but with a different arrangement, and dated Sep- 
tember instead of May in the colophon. No. 47 is un- 
questionably a copy composed of two different editions, 
viz. : No. 44 for the Cosmographia, and No. 46 for 
Vespuccius' Voyages. The signatures of the first part 
agree perfectly with the Mazarine- Eyries copy ; and 
not only the signatures of the second part tally with 
No. 46, but the blur on b iij is found in both. The 
colophons in Nos. 46 and 47 are also identical, as re- 
gards the date and typography. 

There may be in existence copies formed with parts 
taken from Nos. 44, 45 and 46, and differing still more 
from No. 47". 

Concerning Hylacomylus, all we can add is that ^^Mar- 
Hnus Waltze-miiller de Friburgo Constantiensis dyacesis, a 
ete inscrit comme etudiant sous le rectorat de Conrad 
Knoll de Gruningen, le 7 decembre 1490, . . . et qu*il 
avait etabli peu avant 1507 {nuper) une librairie (Ithra- 

*' The CosmcgrafMiae Imtrtdtutit jottly 
ranks among the rarest books pertaining 
to an American library, but it is not as 
scarce as a good many works of eqoal im- 
portance, such, for insunce, as the Epbtles 
of Columbus and Vespuccius. We pos* 
sess in this country, three copies of the 
second May edition (No. 45), three of the 
first September (No. 46), and what might 
be termed an amalgamated copy (No. 47). 
In Paris, we know only of the incomplete 
first May in the Mazarine Library. The 
British Museum possesses in the Grenville 
collection either a May or a September. 
The copy described by Humboldt,* and 
which seems to be the identical one still 
presenred in the Royal Library at Berlin,f 
is the second May. The edition sold in 
1861, by Brockhaus, for Thlr. 50,} was 
the first September. That advertised a 
few months since at Berlin,} and pur- 
chased the same day for Thlr. 60, was a 
May. From the description we are unable 
to asceruin the precise kind of the Butach 
copies,|| one of which brought loi florins. 

The September copy, sold the year before, 
by Tross,f yielded oSo fiancs. How dif- 
ferent these prices are from those paid 
sixty years ago. The Lom^nie de Brienne 
copy*^ commanded only four francs ; and 
when it was again brought under the ham- 
mer at the Meon sale, in i8o3,ff to ob- 
tain six firancs, the auctioneer was obliged 
to add it to some other work. The Eyries 
copy, which is the first and rarest of all 
the editions, was picked up at a book-stall, 
in Paris, by M. Eyries himself, and bought 
for twenty cents. 

* Exmmtn CHHfuSy Vol. IV, p. loo, »•/«. 
f !•€, cit.y p. 104. 

I TrSmel, BiUith, AmMcMlnt^ p. 119. 

# Stargard( Catalogae, No. lzxii. 

I ButKh Caulogae, Augtbarg , F«b., 1858, No*. 

% Catslogue for 1857. 

•• Catalogae de ** B.** \ Paris, 1797, No. S015. 

W Caulogne die " M.** ) Paris, 1807, No. 1108, 
*•*• avec cette ringnliire indkadoo," Brooet says, 
in liis nUaable Manrntlt ^* FrmmtfkrH DmddM^ 
imagiate par Blenet Jeona. rtdacteor d« ce cata- 
lococ, et qoi avait pris DtUtt poqr an nom dHai« 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 96' 

riam officinam) a Saint-Die"/' In the Ptoleti^ of 1C52"' I507. 
he is mentioned by Laurent Phrysius as the ^^ late' de- c-bbsmbh 
signer of the maps contained in that valuable edition. 

Matthew Ringmann or Philesius was a poet and 
scholar, born at Schlettstadt, towards the year 1482. 
He beoune a professor in the Gymnasium of the Vos- 
ges, and died m 151 1'^ 

Walter Ludd is mentioned in connection with the 
work, on the assumption that the initials G. L. in the col- 
ophon are intended for his name. He is even believed 
to have been the first printer in St. Die. Ludd may 
have introduced printing in that town, Just as Mr. 
Glover established the first press in Cambridge, but the 
reader will see from our No. 49 that he was Secretary 
to the Duke of Lorraine, and a dignitary of the Church. 

As to the prince to whom the work is dedicated, it is 
Rene II, called King of Sicily and Jerusalem, the hero, 
we believe, of the battle of Morat, and who died in 
1508'^ Lelewel says'* that ** encourageant Tetudc de la 
geographic, il faisait graver a ses frais les cartes mo- 
dernes qui devaient accompagner Ptolemee/' 

X f Pa* 

\ SCH 

Dinet rtftrtnctt : f Pansu, AnnaUt Typcgrapkiei^ Vol. vi, page 490. 

ScHUBBL, Astr9MomiaeSt Bihliirapkie^ Vol. i, page 63. 

BiUiotkeca GrtmvilHmma^ page 765. 

Bikliotketa HekertMUM, Part vi, Not. 147 and 3847 ; Part vu. No. 

Humboldt, Rxmrntm Critiqt^ Vol. it, pages 13 and 100, Mit. 

BxAVPBi, Reckirckti mr It etammctrntnt Je tlwtfrhmrit en Ltr- 
ratne (Nancy, 8to, 1845), page 67. 

TadMBL, BiklhtAiftie AmMcaiMtf No. i. 

Hhtoriesl Nmgget$^ Not. 174 and 1745. 

GaABttx, Vol. u, page a8o. 

Bbvnbt, Vol. II, col. 316 (ftc-timile of the printer*t mark). 

BiMotAecM TJkottiama, Vcl, m, page 119; Ebbbt, Vol. iv, No. 
13544; Hibbert Catalogue, page 119, No. 1166: and Tbb- 
NAVX, No. 10, one of the four, but we cannot atcertain from 
the detcription whether it it the Nfay or September ittue. 

•• HvMBOurTf Exmrneti Critique^Vol, iv, ** RorsaMUND, F^rtsenutng m» Jhcktr^i 

p. 105, aq. Geiekrtem-Lexicon^ art. Ringmann. 

^ . . «< hat ubttlat e novo a Martino Ila- '* Art it Vtrif, Itt Dati$,Voh xni, p. 410. 

oomylo pie defbncto.** Lib. vni, cap. 11. '* Gi^gr, dm Mvftn-Agt^y^i, 11, p. 143. 

Digitized by 


^6* Bibliotheca Americana. 

I 507. 48. MONTALBODDO (FRjtd DAy^Rict9 of tht first iisf: 

Then, in a scroll, encircling a sphere, and covering the entire page» 
the words, printed in red» and irregularly, owing to the folds of the 
scroll : 

(6i p0tt0 Manila In g^l'htntii 
ve(pttti0 gUnuixuii ixkixHUin. 

Colophon : 

\ Stampato in Vicentia cu la impenfa de Mgro || 
Henrico Vicentino : & diligente cura & indu || ftria de 
Zamaria fuo fiol nel M.cccccvii. a || di iii. de Nouembre. 
cum gratia & || priuilegio.'^ 

"^^l^ Sm. 4to, six preliminary leaves -^ one hundred and twenty 
unnumbered leaves, the last blank ; twenty-eight lines in a 
full page. Text in Roman. Some copies present slight vari- 
ations in the register. 

(Private Library, New York and Providence.) 

'' Son m^rite intrinseque est grand, parce qu'il I'exception de celle 
de Milan, 1508 [No. 55] toutes les autres Editions et traductions ont 
eprouve, dans plusieurs endroits du texte, des alterations sensibles, et 
pour des causes particulieres." [?] 

(Chaklis Nodibk'.) 

" Lc v6riuble compilateur (rMccoglitore) de ce curieux et important 
Recueil de Vicence n'est, comme on I'a cru long-temps, ni Montal- 
boddo Fracanzano de Vicence, ni Fracanzio da Montalboddo, c'est- 
l-dire natif de Monte-Alboddo, dans la Marche d'Ancdne, professeur 
de belles-lettres i Vicence ; mais (selon I'ing^nieuse observation du 
comte Baldelli) Alessandro Zorzi, habile cosmographe et dessinateur 
de cartes ^ Venise." 


* jimglic}: Countries newly discovered, son, November 3d, 1507. With pennis- 

and the New World of Alberico Vesputio, sion and privilege. 

called the Florentine. Printed in Vicenxa, ' Caulogoe of 1844, Part i. No. 104a. 
at the cost of Master Henrico Vicentino, * Bxamen Critiqut^ Vol. iv, p. 80 ; but 

and by the care and skill of Zamaria, his see infra^ p. 469, sq. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 97 

The opinion that Zorzi was actually the compiler of 1 507* 
this work is based upon a manuscript note in the Ma- mhhi 
gliabechi copy, stating that Bartholomew Columbus (who 
visited Rome in 1505) made a present of the account 
of his brother's first voyage (prooably the De Insults of 
1493 )> with a map of his earliest discoveries, to a canon 
of St. John of Latran, and that the latter gave it after- 
wards, while in Venice, to Alexander Zorzi, ^^ suo amico 
c compilatore della raccolta.** 

The contents of this rarissime work are as follows : 


(E In comenza el libro de la prima Nauigatione per loc- 
ceano a le terre de Nigri de la Bajfa Ethiopia per com-- 
andamento del Illuft. Signor Infante Don Hurich fratello 
de Don Dourth Re de Portogallo. 

This first book, which extends from cMf. i to cMf. xlvii, contains 
the voTtge of Aloysius or Lewis da Ca da Mosto to the Cape Verde 
and Senegal (August 8th, 1454, to June, 1455).* 


(E De la Nauigatione de Lijbona a Callichut de lengua 
PortogalUfe intaliana. 

It contains, from cap. xlviii to cm^. l, the voyage of Piero d' Sinzia 
(Peter de Cintra) to Senegal, in 1402, written by Ca da Mosto as it 
ftll from the lips of Cintra's secretary. From cdf. li to cif. lxi, the 
first voyage of Vasco da Ganu* (July 8th, 1497, to July loth, 1500) ; 
and that of Pedro Alvarez Cabral (March 9th, 1500, to July, 

* ZvBLA, Dti Vtnggt « delU Scopertt * Castanhida, Wa, do Deaeohr, g Com^ 

Afriemme di Ca ds Mosto f Venice, Svo, fuitts da Ittdimf Coimbra, 4to, 1551, and 

igi5. Faeia t'Sousa, Asis Portaguems f Luh.^ 

KuLB, Getckiekte der Bntdtkumgsrti$in i k\. 1666. Camosmi, os Lmstadoi f Lit- 

Mentt, 8to, 1841. bon, 4to, 157a. Dmit, Portngdl; Parii, 

SFtsNGBL, Getckiekte der wcktigtten 8vo, 1846. K. db IC1.00VBM, HitioHc. 

SmtdeckMagem i HaUe, lamo, 179a. SkttckofGoai Madras, 8to, 1831. 


Digitized by 


98 BibHotheea AmericMs. 


^^^^^ (L De la nauigatiane de Lijbona a Caliebut (sic), de 
lengua PortogalUfe in taliana. 

It conttiniy from CMp. lxx to C4f. lzxziiii» the continiMtioii of Ca- 
bral's voytge* 


(E In comenza la nauigatiane del Re Je Caftiglia dele Ifole 
& Paefe nouamente retrouate. 

It conttins, from (sf. lzxzxiii to CMf, crixi, the first three voyages of 
Columbus ; from CMp, cviii to CMf. cxi, the voyage of Alonso Negro 
Uic), and from CMp, cxi to csf, cxiiix the voyage of the brothers 


(E El Nouo Mando de Lengue Spagnole interpretato in 
Idioma Ro. 

It contains, from csp. oxini to (sp. cxxv, the duplicate of Vespuccius* 
thsni voyage. 


(E De le cqfe da Calichut ctfarme ala Nauigatite de 
Pedro A Hares nel. ii. 6f . Hi. libro leqle Je bino uerijfeme 
Perle Copie de alcune Lr*e Jecundo lordene de U MiU^ffimi 
in quefto ultime racolte. 

It contains, Cdf. cxxv : a chapter of a letter from Critico, the Por- 
tuguese correspondent of the Signoria of Venice, concerning the voy- 
age of Cabral, described in Book ii. Cdp. cxxviii (which comes 
immediately afterwards) : A letter concerning a treaty of peace be- 
tween the Kings of Portugal and Calicut. Csp, xxvi : Letter of the 
Venetian embassador ('' orst$ri"), Peter Pasquaglio, concerning Cas- 
par Cortereal's first voyage (from the Spring of 1500, to October 8th, 
1 501). Csp, cxxvii: Letter of Francis de la Saita to Pasquaglio, 
concerning John de Nova's expedition (March 5th, 1501, to Septem- 
ber I ith, 1502) to the East Indies. Cap. cxxix, and cxxx : Account 
given by Josepn, the Indian (Camanor, a converted aborigene brought 
to Portugal by Cabral, and afterwards to Rome and Venice). Csp. 
cxxxi-cxLiii : Account of Carangonor and Calicut. Csp. cxliii : 
Letter of the King of Portugal to Pope Julius II, concerning the Por- 
tuguese navigations and discoveries in Asia. 

Digitized by 


BiUhiheca Awuriaauu 99 

We have dwelt upon the contents of this work because 1 507* 
it is the most important collection of voyages, and, in • 
the absence of the Libretto of Vercellese', now lost, the 
earliest. It has been frequently reprinted and translated, 
and serves to this day, in the Latin repertory of Gry- 
naeus, as a trustworthy and interesting source of infor- 

Dirmt rtfir t mtt t ( FotCAum, L ut t rsiarm FtwtuismSf pagst 4%%-4. 

i ZoALA, Di Mtm F$U $ dtgB s&H nti^ggisifi f^tmtmismi, Vol. 
I n, pagt 109. 

Baloblu, H Milhmt^ VoL I, pp XXZii, mm. 

TiBABotcaSy SitHs^ Vol. m^ pagst fti) tnd 146. 

Camv% Miim^rt mr De Bry^ pagt 34s. 

BiUhtMtem GntnHliisms^ pp 764. 

Bihihikmrn Brtmmimms^ pagt 6, No. 15. 

SihikiAtes BtSerisaSf Part ni. No. 1146, and Part Ti, No. $^8, 
to the Utter of whkli ** was mbjoiaed a very cariout coUtcaoa 
of Manotcript Papcn Hn Latin) containing Letten from Emma- 
nnely King of Portugal, to tbe Popet Jnliot Second and Leo X, 
and a copy of Americae Vcspntint* own account of part of hit 
Vojragea. Sir Mark Sjrket* copy."* 

Hibbcrt Catdogoe, page 93, No. 1631. 

BkvmVf VoL ▼, coL 1156. 

HiUBHcsl Naggm^ No. ^74}* 

Pawsbb, Jhmsttt Tyftgr^ YoL TIII9 page 563, Not. 3 and 4 
(?)l £BBnT» VoL I, No. 3*39 (?); and Tbiiiavz, No. 9, 

^.Q, LUDD (mjtLTEM)^Ri(t$ $ftbi first Itsf: 


• See mfrm^ page 75, No. 3». 



lOO BibBetheca Americana. 

I 5^7* Then, encircling a diagram showing the planetary system : 

^■"~" S^tlklft anlmoe quituis fjaet (ognnftete inimttmll 
Jiup liomo0 fii|ieta0 fcaiOiete ntta fuU. II ^4m fnSs 

tif)nSt» pwctm tiunfifi (luotuota nnum {su). 

And at the bottom of the page ; 

ice Utatnm, 


tatUinto {n fpt- \\ mlfl otbto 9 
<9ttalti)e II tft 1,1001' €anDit{(fl 
)iitt{||Beoliat( JUitfttUnmi Henallti ^olsmotttm 
{K ^icUUie tegto II ^(. fecre mitttn ttignUnmft || 
liUfgentet patotum || et inlnifttUi Joan- II nto <!ltfln{s 
geti II atg^tftf itn- II tnceffum || ffinto. II* 

%* Folio, four numbered leaves ; text in bltck letter ; ditgranu on 
the verso of letf 11 and on the recto of leaf iii. The date, 
according to the dedication to Rene, on folio 11, is 1507. On 

the verso of folio iii are : UttflCttli Iff (iKOSUtta UXXtif 

the last two lines of which read : 

ici potua niDle lihtVbisi taiietllt 

(Britith Moteam.) 

* Anglice s A most succinct but neither The End of the Exposition of the Mir- 
inaccurate nor inelegant Exposition and ror of 7* World, most diligently prepared 
Canon of the Mirror of the Wot Id. by Walter Lndd, Canon of St. Di6, most 
Happy the first who felt their spirits yearn worthy Secretary of Ren^ the most IIlus- 
To climb the Heavens and all their secrets trioos King of Jerusalem and Sicily. Print- 
learn, ed by the pains of John Oruninger of 
Nor vain nor idle is our taste to scan Strasburg. 

How, moving ever through that upper f But hold, enough ! Of the American race, 

sphere. New found, the home, the manners here 

Stars rise and set, and how in Heaven's you trace 

high place By our small book set forth in little space. 
Four seasons rounding fill the equal year. * The reader who has access to Cur- 
Dedicated to Ren^ King of Sicily, &c. rhi, Mtmnres p0mr servir i PJUti, du 

Digitized by 


Bitliotheca Americana. 


50. vESPuccius MAf£j?/cc/^-" VON DEN NEWEN '5^^* 
Infulen vnd Landen fo yttz kurtzlichen erfundcnn fcynd ^"""""" 
durch den kunigk Portigal. 

" Gedruckt zu Strajfhurg in demfunfftzen hunderten und 
acht jar (1508), ct prefcnte la mcmc vignette que Tcdi- 
tion dc 1506" [No. 40]. 


Dirtet refirtncett f* Mmnutl^ Vol. ▼, col. 1 1 56. 
\ Lhrrei euriemx^ No. 117 

5 I . STAMLER (JOHN)^ff^itbin a vtrj complitstid woodcut: 


Colophon : 

Impreflum Augufte: per Erhardum og- 
lin. & leorgiu Nadler Curallcorredone et 
diligentia venerabilis domini Wolfgang! 
Aittinger II pfpiteri Auguftefl. ac bonarum 
Artium zc. Magiftri CoUonienf || Anno 
noftre faluris •i*50. & .8* die .22. menfis 
May* zc** 

kommet iUustra de Lorraine ; Bruxelles, 
8 TO, 1754, or to Calmbt, Netia de la 
Lorraine i Nancy, fbl., 1756; may ascer- 
tain whether thU Walter Lujld was not 
the son of the well-known historian Joan 
Lodd, who had been Secretary to several 
dokes of Lorraine, before enjoying the per- 
sonal friendship of Ren6 II. M. Brunet 
calls him a printer, and considen the vig- 
nette in the above Number as his mark ; 
yet the colophon of the present Speculum 
shows that he held to Reo£ the office 

which Joan Ludd filled when John and 
Nicholas were Dukes of Lorraine. 

* jinglici : Dialogue by John Stamler, 
an Augustine [monk], on the sects of 
diverse nations and the religions of the 

Printed at Augsburg by Erhard Oglin 
and Georges Nadler, with the care, correc- 
tion and industry of the venerable Mas- 
ter Wolfgang Aittinger, presbyter of the 
Augustine order, and master of arts at 
Cologne, A. D. 1 508, May 20th. 

Digitized by 


I02 Bibliotkeca America$M. 

1 500* *^ Folio, title + two prelimintry letves, + thirty-two numbered 
ma^a^ma^ letves, + an indcx of two leaves. The woodcut title by Hans 

Burgmaier is repeated on the reverse. 

(Private Librar., New York, Wathington city, and Hairard OolL Ubr.) 

** An extremely rare and curious Drama described on the leaf fol- 
lowing the title as *' Dyalogus in modum comid dramatis formatus a 
J. Stamler de Tartarorum, Saracenorum, Turcorum, Judeorum et 
Gentilium Sectis et Religionibus ac eorundem Confiitatione, tec. 
The letter from Stamler to Jacob Lorcher, dated 13 Kal. Junii 1506, 
is of the highest interest to American collectors, as he mentions by 
name Christopher Columbus and Albericus Vespucius as the dis- 
coverers of the New World. The Drama has a marginal Commen- 
tary, which is important not only to theologians as pointing out here- 
sies, but also to the astronomer. Stamler seems to have been an 
enemy to judicial astrology.*' 


We give the passage for the purpose of enabling the 
reader to ascertain whether the above eulogium ullies 
with the facts. 

Firs$ $fibi sic§nd unnumhirtd Um/: 

De infulis aute inuentis mentione nuUd 
fado : Sed Criftoferi Colom eninde inue- 
toris et Alberici Vefpucii de orbe moderno 
inuento (quibus etas noftra potiffimu de- 
bet) quos tibi prefentibus tradatulos mitto 


Dirm nfirenctt : [ BiMttMtes Thttidnm^ Vol. tii, page 38 

Pamsu, AMMsIit Tyftgr,, Vol. ti, page 137. 
Zapf, jSmmmI, Typogr, Aagmstam^t page 38. 
* Libri Catalogue for 1861, No. 319. 
Bihiitkecm BarlvwUns^ page 14.. 

BavNBT, Vol. ▼, col. 507, gives the title firom the fint prelimi- 
nary leaf. 
HitfrUal Ni^etM^ No. 1603. 

f Fiu^i I do not make any mention of the Albericnt Veapudiu i On the diiooveiy of 
newly di K o? « e d ialandi» bat of Christopher the new world Tto whom our age is chieily 
Colom, the discorerer of a world, and of indebted) behold what treatise I send yov. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheea AmericoHa. 103 

52. w^JttM cyoHJ^O-DIALOGO II DI GIOVAN- I5o8, 
NI II STAMLERNO AV ^guftenfe de U Jette diuerfe\\ — — 
gentiy e de U religith || ni del mando. H 

Stampata in Vinegia per Giovanni Pa || douano, del mefe 
di Febrairo. || 

Psgi z : 

Toglie adunque pregati padre e precettore reuerendiffimo 
[Mattheo Gurgenfe], con animo placabile e gratiofo quefta 
Jimplice e picciola noftra dedicatione : laqualefia memoria del 
tuo deditiffimo difcepolo i ao di Agofio. 1507. 

%* 8vo, sm$ MMMOf one hundred and fifty-one pages, entirely 
printed in italics. 

(Bridth Museum.) 

This is simply a translation into Italian of No. 51. 

r Ubri Catalogue, i86i, No< 
[ BauMXT, Vol. ▼, col. 507. 

Dir§et rtfirtaen i ( libri Catalogue, i86i, No. 3^9. 

^2* BRROOMAS {jAa PHTL.)--^^ Supplcmcnti de le Chro- 
niche vulgare nouamente dal firate Jacobo Philippo al 
anno 1503 vulgarizz,, per Francefco C, Fiorentino. 
Vinegia, 1508, in-foL 

^^ Contient aux feuillets 34a et 343 une relation de la 
dicouverte de FAmirique par Ch. Colomb** 


As regards these Italian versions, Clement* gives 
one, Venice, folio, 1491, which he calls 'Ma plus an- 
cienne;*' but we find in Bninet another of 1488, Venice, 
foL, " Volgarizzato per me Francesco C. nella nobilissima 

^ C^taiofue, Paris, 1863, No. 73. * Bihlhtk, Qtritiue, Vol. ixi, p. 181. 

Digitized by 


I04 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1508* citth di Fiorenza questo anno 1488/' which is followed in 
Bi^BB— I Graesse' by what would be an earlier one still : ^^ Ven.^ 
Bern. Rizo de Novara^ 148 1. in-foL," were it not iden- 
tical with Clement's 149 1 edition. We then find the 
above, which escaped the lynx eyes of Clement, Haym, 
Niceron, and Fabricius; another, folio, Venice, 1540*, 
and 1553'; ilnd.y i<54i 4to, and 1573, 2 vols. 4to; 
and. 1581, with additions borrowed from P. Jovius, 
Bembo, Carione, and Guazzo^ 

The first translation was made by one Francisco San- 
sovino, notwithstanding the initial C. in the Cretaine 
and Bninet titles. The additions in the Italian edition 
of 1540 were made by one Bernardo Bindoni. 

^^ jtLBERTiNis (FRANCIS DB)—^^ De Mirabilibus nov« 
& veteris Urbis Rome. Libri III. ex Edit. Andr. 
Fulvii Praeneftini, Roms. in 4to. Premiere Edition. 


The learned Hessian bibliographer gives this title on 
the authority of the Bibliotheca Menkenianay page 196, and 
seems to disbelieve its authenticity. Panzer* ouls the 
edition of 15 10 ^^ Editio prima*' 

55. zoRzi {ALBXANDBRy-V^^^i iniouameiite re- 
trouati. & Nouo Modo da Alberico Vef- 
putio Flo-(|retino intitulato.|| 

Then woodcut filling the rest of the page, and representing the 
king seated on a throne and receiving Vespuccius. 

Colopben : 

C Stampato in Milano con la impenfa 
de lo. lacobo & fratelli dallLignano: & dili- 

* Tritor^ Vol, i» p. 341. * MouNi, Aggiunu^^, 139, tDdHATHf, 

* Haym, Biblhtk, Its/iaMS, Vol. i, p. 51. ioc. cit. 

* NiciKOM, Mimcires f0ur urvir iPkh-' ' Biblitkiqut Qtrituie, Yol. I, p. 110. 
CNTf irs Jkmtmit iliustrts^ Vol. XTll, p. ^13. * Annmlu^ VoL nn, p. 149. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 105 

gente cura & induftria di loanne Angelo 1 508. 
fcinzen II zelen M.ccccc viii* a dL xvil di 

Then register and printer's mtrk. 

%* Sm. 4to» seventy-nine' unnnmbered leaves ; text in Roman. 

(PriTtCe Library, New York, tiid Harr. CoU. Libr. In 
the Utter the title it only a ftc^aimile. j 

Dhtet rtftremen : ( BiUhtJUea GreitviUismSf page 764. 

i NoDna, DetcH^n rMmmme€,So. 1 106. 
I Baimrr, Vol. ▼, col. 11 57. 
TsaNAuzy No. I a [?]. We have not yet succeeded in finding 
any traces of the Vicensa edition of 1508, mentioned in the 
Bihihtkifme jSmiricmiue (^o, ll), the Uvrts CmrieMX (tfo, 109). 
and the Manuel (Vol. ▼, col. 1 1 58, on the anthority of Payne 
and Foss* catalogue fat 1830, No. 3359). We think chat 
in the latter Mcccccrm should read Mcccccm. 

56. FTOLRMr^BBNErBNTANUS—RiCf rf tbi first lisf: 

GEographiae Cl* Ptolemaei a plurimi uiris 
utriusc^ linguas doctiff. || emedata : & cu 
archetype graeco ab ipfis coUata* || Sche- 
mata cu demonilrationibus fuis correda a 
Marco Beneuentano|| Monacho caeleftino, 
& loanne Cotta Veronenfi uiris Mathema- 
ticis||confultiflimis.||FIgura de proiedione 
fph^rae in piano quae in libro odauo de- 
udera || batur ab ipfis nodum inftaurata 

• Countries newly discovered, and New * The Lhfrt$ Cnriemx (No. 118) say 

World of Alberic Yesputio, called the Flo- ** it feuillets pr6Uminaires, et 80 feuillets 

rendne. Printed at Milan, at the cost non chiflfr^, i 40 lignes par page, lettres 

of John Jacob and Brothers, of Lignano, rondes, le dernier f. est tout blanc.** 

and attention and skill of John Angelus Brunet gives *« 76 AT. non chifiir6s, sign. A 

Sdnscnseler. November 17th, 1508. et a — s par 4.** 

Digitized by 


io6 B^Uetheca AmericoHa. 

1508. fed fere ad inuenta eius. n. ueftigiallin 
"■■""■ nullo etiam grsco codice extabant. || MAxi- 
ma quantitas die^ ciuitatu : & diftands 
loco^ ab AlexSdria || Aegypti cuiuicp dui- 
tatis : quae in alijs codicibu^ no erant. || 
PLanifphserium CI. Ptolem^ nouiter re- 
cognitu & diligentifH emen- || datum a 
Marco Beneuentano Monacho c^eftino. || 
NOua orbis defcripdo ac noua Oceani 
nauigado qua Lifbona ad||Indicu penie- 
nitur pelagus Marco Beneuentano mo- 
nacho caele-llftino aedita.||NOua & uniuer- 
falior Orbis cognid tabula lod. Ruyfch 
Germano||elaborata.||S£x Tabulae nouiter 
confedsB uidelicet Liuonis : Hyfpaniae : 
GallisB : II Germanise : Italiae : & ludacH 



%* Large folio ; title one + thirty-foor jprelimintry leaves + 
serenty-one unnumbered leaves + one blank, -)- fourteen leaves 
for Marcus Beneventanus' Nous 9rhis dtscriftu mc n$UM Ofidwi 
MMuigMtio qud Lisbona sd IndicH pirmnitur fiUgus + twenty- 
leaves for the chapter Di Tribus 9rbis pMrtUus, + thirty-foor 
nups» illuminated, 

(PriTate Libnr., Brooklyn tnd Wathiiiftoii dty.) 

^AmglUis CUodint Ptolemy. This nphy of CUodiiu Ptolemy revised by many 
work contains the IbUowing 1 The Oeog- men learned b both langnages^ and com- 

Digitized by 


Bihliotheca Ammcana. 


Our readers are doubtless aware that immediately after 1 508* 
the publication of Angelo's' and de Donis'* Latin trans- hmhhh 
lations of Ptolemy's Geography, a new light seemed to 
dawn upon the learned, and the works of Strabo, Soli- 
nus, Isidorus of Seville, and even Pliny, " maestre de 
mappa mundi,'' were thrust aside, and replaced by the 
Cosmography of the Alexandrian mathematician or 
geograpner, which, however incomplete it may seem to 
us at present, was justly considered in the fifteenth cen- 
tury as a model and a wonder. But Geography is pre- 
eminently a progressive science; and a more precise 
knowledge of the voyages and discoveries accomplished 
by Machm, Gilianez, Baldaya, Gonzales, Nuno Tristan, 
da Cintra, Denys Fernandez, Ca da Mosto, Diego Cam, 
Bartholomew Dias, Covilham and de Payva, together 
with the marvelous accounts of Marco Polo's travels', 
had the efiect of convincing the eeographers of the times 
that neither the Geogn^hia nor tne twenty-seven magnif- 
icent maps of Agathodaimon were adequate. But as to 
commence a new Cosmography was an undertaking alto- 
gether beyond their scope, and averse even to the spirit 

by them with the Greek origintl ; 
Platei with their espUnatioiis corrected by 
Marcus of Benevent^ a monk of the Celet- 
tine order, and John Cotta of Verona, vety 
experienced mathematiciant. A planome- 
trical rep r e s en tation of spheric projection 
[ ? ] which was wanting in the dghth book, 
left incomplete by the same, but planned 
according to his [Ptolemy^s ?] precepts $ 
and of which there were no traces even in 
the Greek MS. The greatest number of 
traveling days [ ? ] between cities, and the 
distances of pla^ from Alexandria in 
Egypt, which were not in the other codices. 
The Planisphere of CI. Ptolemy newly 
revised and carefully corrected by Marcus 
of Benevent, a Celestine monk. A new 
description of the world, and a new de- 
scription of the Ocean whereby one goes 
from Lisbon to the Indian Ocean, edited 
by Marcus of Benevent, a Celestine monk. 
A new and more general map of the entire 
^obc, composed by John RuyKh, a Ger- 

man. Six maps newly constructed, vm. .* 
of Livonia, Spain, France, Germany, Italy 
and Judea. 

By an edict of Pope Julius II, it is for- 
bidden to print this work or to have it 
printed under penalty of excommunication 
pronounced against those who dare infringe 
thb order. A. D. 1508. 

' Posthumous $ Vicensa, folio, 146s 
(HcffMann) or 1475 {Brutut), 

* Ulm, folio, 14^0. 

* Li Lhfrt dt Mmrf Poh^ eitoyen de 
Fenite^ comeilUr printe tt commhssire im- 
pirial de Kkauhi/mi-Kaan, ridige en frmn- 
fois sous sa dictee, en 1^^%^ par Rusticien 
de Pise i pmblii pomr la premiire fois d'aprh 
trois manuscrits inidits de la BihliotJkifue 
impiriale de Paris^ priuntant la redaction 
primitive du Livre^ revue par Mare- 
Pol, lui-meme et donnee par luiy en x 307, 
k Tkiehault de Opoy, ^c, &c,y par 
M. G, Pautkier, ^uis, % vols. 8vo, 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 508* which then ruled all classes of scholars, Ptolemy's Geog- 
-==-B raphy was preserved entire, and made to form a kind 
of nucleus, around which were gathered under the title 
of •" Extra Ptolemeumy* the results of all subsequent 
investigations. The maps, especially, which, when first 
introduced by the German Benedictine Nicholas Donis, 
numbered only twenty-seven, were increased in number, 
and, to a certain extent, perfected. The startling dis- 
coveries of Columbus, Cabral, Vasco da Gama, Magel- 
lan and others, gave a new impetus to the geographical 
science, which, so far as we are concerned, culminated 
in the present edition of Ptolemy, which contains the 
first engraved map representing the newly rediscovered 
isles and hemisphere. 

''Jean Ruysch developpe, pour sa table universelle, la projection 
conique sur tous les 360 degres de longitude, et jusqu'l 45^ de la lati- 
tude australe : de cette &9on il deroule toutes les nouvelles d^couvertes 
graduees. Terra sancta cruets she mundus ftoutu, ne differe .en rien 
de ce qu'on voit dans I'hydrographie portugaise*. On y lit en bas : 
nattti Lusitani partem battc terre hujus observerttnt et usque ad eliva- 
thnem poli antarctici 50 graduum pervenerunt^ n$ndum tamen ad ejus 
finem austriuum,'[ Cependant les epigraphes des cotes n'avancent que 
jusqu'au 40*'degre, comme dans Thydrographie. Tabula terrs novs 
de cette hydrograpbie, reproduite en 1513, 1520, 1522, 1535, offi'c 
une singuliere erreur dans Pepigrapbe de abbatia omnium sanctorum, 
au lieu de bahia, baya, baie. Cette erreur figure dans les quatre voy- 
ages 6dites par Ilacomil [Hvlacomylus]. On croirait que cette erreur 
est inventee par Pediteur Ilacomilus, qui probablement coop^ra dans 
la publication de I'hydrographie. Mais la carte de Ruysch, attachee 
I Tedition romaine de 1 508 de Ptolemee I laquelle est jointe, nova 
orbis descriptio de Benvenuti, presente la meme erreur: or, elle 
a sa source dans la traduction latine de Giocondo, qu'en 1 504 Ben- 
venuti ezpedia de Lisbonne en Lorraine et que lui-meme apporta en 

* Lelewely Humboldt and Santtrem*! 
constant refi^rencet to the '* Portuguese 
Hydrography,** apply to a map ordered 
firom Portugal about 1504, by King Ren6 
of Lorraine, who took great interest in 
geographical studies, and which is repre- 
sented to have been drawn by an Admiral 
in the service of King Ferdinand of Spain, 
(see Essler and Ubelin*s preface to the 

above Ptolemy). For a statement tending 
to prove that the said Admiral was Colum- 
bus himself, the reader may consult the 
Ptolemy of 1 5 1 3 {infra). 

f f^m. t The Portuguese mariners ex- 
amined this part of the earth, and went as 
hr as the 50th degree of the elevation of 
the Antarctic pole, but not to the Southern 
end of it. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 109 

** Au nord de ce nouveau monde Ruysch est different de I'hydrogra- I jOO* 

phie portugaise/' II ignore beaucoup plus les decouvertes espagnoles. 


** Quant k la demiere et la plus remarquable de ces cartes, c'est-k- 
dire la mappemonde, Jean Ruysch n'a fait que la dessiner, et c'est 
Marc BeneventanuSy I'auteur du tezte qui accompagne cette nouvelle 
description de I'univers, qui s'en est fait I'editeur, Mais cette circon- 
stance n'annoindrit en rien le merite de I'allemand Ruysch, que Bene- 
ventanus appelle ** Geographorum, meo judicio, peritissimus, ac in 
fMugendo orbe diligentissimus,*' et qui, navigateur intrepide, parti du 
sud de TAngleterre, en compagnie peut-etre d'Americ Vespuce, etait 
panrenu au deli de Tequateur jusqu'au 53^ de latitude australe» et, sous 
ce meme parallele, avait visite plusieurs lies dans le voisinage meme 
dn detroit que devait decouvrir Magellan. 

'* N'onblions pas, enfin, qu'un protection plus puissante que le cardinal 
de Nantes, le pape Jules II, avait, des le 28 juillet 1 506, accord^ I 
Pediteur Tosinus un privilege de vente exclusive pour six annees, en 
recompense de ses soins et frais de publication pour la cosmographie 
de Ptolemee, accrue de la description et position des terres nouvellement 
decouvertes, Cette description nouvelle, cet accroissement de texte, 

Sronvent que deux ans avant qu'il fut question de la mappemonde de 
Luysch, on songeait deji I consuter les progres recents de la geographie. 

** Le privilege de vente exclusive fut subordonne a un autre privilege, 
destine \ le moderer, et accorde k un chanoine de Saint-Jean-de-La- 
tran, bibliothecaire et familier de Jules II, charge par le pape de fixer 
\^ juste prix de Touvrage imprime i cinq cents exemplaires." 


The present Ptolemy is only a reprint of the follow- 

r ? ] II GEOGRAPHIA CL. PTOLEMAEI. A plurimis uiris utriusq ; 
linguae doctiss. || emendata : it cum Archetypo graeco ab ipsis col- 
late. — II schemata cum demonstrationibus suis correcta a Marco Mo- 
nacho Caelestino Beneuen- 1| tano : U loanne Cota Veronensi uiris 
Mathematicis consul tissimis. — 1| &c., &c. 

** BL 107 a: Nee no Claudii Ptholemaei a plurimus utriusq ; || lin- 
guae doctiss. emendatu cum multis additionibus Rome (?) No- 1| uiter 
impressum per Bernardinu Venetu de Vitalibus. Expesis || Euagelista 
Tosino Brixiano Bibliopola [ ? ] Im pante Julio. II. Pont. || Max. An- 
no. III. Potificatus fui. Die. VIII. Septcbr. M. D. VII." 


* Gi«grapkie du Moyen-^ty Vol. ll, ^ Bibliograpkiukts Lexicon der gesamm' 
p. 149. ten Litteratur der Griecken ; Leipzig, 

* Les Pmpet geoirapkes et U Carfgrmphie 8 to, 1 845 (an excellent work), Vol. ill, 
dm Faticam, p. 25. p. 317. 

Digitized by 



Bihlioiheca AmerUaHa. 

I^Oo* *' In-fhli; Mvec 33 cMrtes. Let vingt-tept premieres ctrtet sont 
^^^^^^^^ cellet ac I'^dition dc 1478 [engraved by Conrad Sweynheim and Ar- 
nold Buckinck], et lea six autret ont it€ nouvellement gravies/' 

(Labaaoff Canlogve'.) 

The additions consist in fourteen leaves for the chap- 
ter devoted to the Nona orbis descr^th together with an 
epistle of Tosinus, the bookseller, and the celebrated 
map of Johannes Ruysch, which is wanting in the edition 
of 1^07. This map, which contains, as &r as known, 
the nrst engraved delineations of the newly re-discovered 
countries, is a mappemonde bearing the following title : 


Bvs coNFBCTA oBSBRVATioNi- Bvs. The Strip of land 
representing this country is named therein Tbrra sanc- 
TE cRVCis* sivE MvNDvs Novvs, Covering in latitude 
from 90 N. to 38 S. 

The map has been republished by de Santarem" and 

Dinet rtfinnctt : ( Panbbb, AmmmUi Typogr,^ V<d. Tin, page 048. 

\ RtiDBLy Cfmmtmt, critic^^itt, de CUmd, Ptolem, Getgr,^ page 52. 
I FABuavSy BiUiotheem Orsecs^ Vol. t, page 275. 
Van Pbaxt, CMsUgm da Itvres hm^HwUs mr Fdiu^ Vol. T, 

No. 3, describes a copy, the maps of which (34) are 00 Tellttm $ 

also, Oroslier*s. 
Humboldt, R»mmtm CHHfw*^ Vol. 11, pages 5 and 9, Vol. it, 

page i»i. 
Mbmoiret de Is Sociki d* GhgrMpkk^ ftr Febnuiy, 1837, page 75. 
La Valliere Catalogue, Vol. m, No. 4484. 
Kloss Catalogue, No. 3310. 
Mapptecm C$iomhisMS^ No. i. 
BiM0tAeca Brewrtisms, 
Hismicml Nuggett^ No. %%$t. 
Ebsrt, Dietitmsrj^ No. i8»«4> 
BavMKT, Vol. IT, col. 954. 
GaAissB, Vol. T, page 500. 
N9tes •» Colmmbmt^ page 170. 

* Paris, 8to, 1823, p. 6, Nos. 18 and 19. 

* « La D^cottTerte ayant hk iaite sous 
les auspices de la Croix, et pour le triomphe 
de la Croix, cette terre nouvelle tout 
g^ntodement indiqute sur les cartes par le 
signe et le nom de la croix.** Rosxllt 
DK Loaovxs, CMitofMe C^ltmh^ p. 6. To 
which we say that Columbus* transatlandc 
▼oyages were undertaken for the *^ tri- 
umph** of dealers in spke and groc i ies, 

and nothing else ! This Teiy prosakal Tiew 
of the case is shared, we are glad to see, 
by the learned and pious Benedictinas 
themselTes. See Art de ntMfor let dstet^ 
third series, VoL xi, p. 11, ntte, 

'* Mmt etmpeti de msppewtemdet et de 
csrtet kydregr^kifua et hitterifmes^ depmh 
le ▼* jmtfm*MU XTU* iikleu 

" Atlas of the GhgrsfUe dm Meyem- 

Digitized by 


BiiUotheca jimericoM. iii 

^y. RUCEAMiER {JOBST.y-^Om M scfll iudrcSmg m ghhe : I 5o8« 

9tmt tmBef itittlie lanbtc 
ttnb ein 9tmt miHt in 


C$Upb9n 9M the vers9 9f the leaf f needing the tahli 9f C9ntents : 

f 9af« |tt rto mite %\tSti IHI^IrtoJ net- 4e0 m|^ 
lielif^rr fjirt^ to He letitf^aillgeiri^te iml geiii^te 
if liitlai. Ux^\\%tn w\x%\%l Irak fa^gelirflai ferrf 
30i- li {Utt Wn^Mier ler fre^ett Hnft, Irak i?#- II eimeioi 
%$tUtl &t. Suk liir^ lii^ Seat- II get ^tft^j^ev )« 
9lflrefaiiergt9ekrft<ielllral Mieiilte ttii| eirifli Mfere 
lieiett ferlltett geimrMe. 9K.eeeee.fe{ii. 3ite. tn Sttt-ll 
w$il fntctt SR«t|ei. Ie0 feUlgett i)ii|U(elliieii(|r ler la 
liftS ler )iie|itt3{gi|le ttge H U9 Vt$nM8 ^e^eiiifie. f 

%* Folio for size, but the signatures are : one blank (for a i), a ij, 
a iij, two blanks, then b, &c. Title one + sixty-seven un- 
numbered leaves, text in two columes. 

(PriTttB Library New York, Brooklyn and ProTidencc) 

We have seen a copy of the same date, which contains 
on the verso of the title, and immediately after the pre- 
face, a curious woodcut, representing a man, probably 

* Aaglkit New unknown coontiiet and learned Mr. Tobtten Rudiamer, doctor of 

a new world recently diKOTered« arts and medidne, &c. And waa printed 

There ends this little book which hat and finished by me, George Stiichnen, at 

been translated finom the Italian language Nnremberg, A. D. 1508, the Wednesday 

into Ocrman by the most worthy and before St. Matthew's September aoth. 

Digitized by 


112 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 508* Ca da Mosta, kneeling before a King who is surrounded 
by a retinue of armed men, some of whom are mounted 
on an elephant. 

The table of contents is not reliable. The third book 
is therein called the second, the fourth is taken for the 
third. The chapters 80-90, 91-101, and 105-108, con- 
tain the first three voyages of Columbus. The fourth 
voyage is not inserted at all. The work presents a 
remarkable peculiarity in the spelling^of names. Colum- 
bus is called Dawber (male pigeon), Alonzo Niflo, der 
Schwartxe (the black), Lorenzo de Medids, Lattrentz 
artzt (L. the physician). As to Vespuccius, the reader 
will find only the third voyage. Humboldt' says that 
" Touvrage de Ruchamer, d'un style extremement naif, 
est plus correct et beaucoup mieux redige que F Itinera- 
rium Portugallensium'* (No. 58). It follows, however, 
very closely the text and arrangement of the Paesinuoua- 
mente retrouati of 1507, without additions of any kind, 
although it seems to have been made on the Itinerarium. 

This work is not as rare as the Italian and Latin 
versions of Zorzi's Collection, and seems to have 
been reprinted several times in the same year and place, 
but without any alterations in the text or pagina- 



Dirttt refertmcti t ( Pamus, Anumies J^^fogr.^ ind Ammmlen der iltirtm demttek. Lit, Vol. 
1, page a98. 
MiutSL, BiUiotkets JkittoricSf Vol. m, page »20. 
CAMOt, Mimtire tur it Bry^ page 6. 
TsaNAUZy No. 1 5. 
Ebut, Dictiowsryf No. 11 68 6. 
BaiTNBT, Vol. ▼, coL 1 160. 
Kloit Catalogue, page 318, No. 4491. 
Raetzel Catalogue, No. 908. 
Bihtiotketm Grenvi/liMnm, page 765. 

Biblitheea Hehtrimna^ Part vii, No. 4260, and Part vill, No. 3069. 
> Bihliotkecm Browniama, No. 19. 
Bihlictkecm Srewortiana, 
Bihlitkecm Bsrlvwimns^ page 1 5. 
Cataltg, BihlitA, Buuav,^ Vol. 11, page 45. 

Exsmem CrhifM^ VoL it, pp. 86-88. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 

58. ZOtLZUHADtLlOHANO'^icffthi first ItMf: 

^tttirrontt |l0rtti0alUiittt 
t Ittfttdttta m ^ttliia t ttiu 
W ttt nm^ntt^m t t^rnxm 
dill ai(ttU0twtt.ii 

Then a Urge map of Africa filling the rest of the page. 
Rttt* »f tbt sttcnd Urf: 

ITINERARIVM Portugallenfium ex Vlif- 
bona i Indiam nec||non in Occidentem 
ac Setemptrione : ex Vemaculo fermone 
in II ladnum tradudum. Interprete Arch- 
angelo Madrignano Medio || lanenfe Mo- 
nacho CareuaUenfi.* 

First rt<t» »f$ignaturt B: 

Mediolani Kalendis luniis. M.ccccc.viii. 

In fine: 

Operi fuprema manus impofita efl ka- 
lendis quinmibus. Ludouico gal||lia^ rege 
huius urbis iclite fceptra regete. lulio 
fecudo potifice maxi-||ma orthodoxa fide 

* jSMglicl : A Portagueie itinenry from to the Wctt and to the North, trantUted 

Portugal to India, and firom thence to the firom the Temacnlar language into Latin, 

West, and lastly to the North. Portu- by Archangelus Madrignano of Milan, of 

guese itinerary from Lisbon to the Indies, the order of the Careralenaes ( ? ). 


Digitized by 


114 Biblhtheca AmericoHa, 

1508. feliciter moderate : anno nfe falutis 
— — .M.D.VIII.t 

\* Folio, signatures in sixes and eishts. Title i, then an index 
of two unnumbered leaves, tlie first of winch is marked aa; 
then from A ii to B (exclusive of B), seven unnumbered leaves ; 
then text in eighty-eight numbered leaves, the last through 
mistake being marked lxxviii. The last signature is Niii, 
followed by three unnumbered leaves. 

(PriTtte Libr., New York, Ptofideace, Washington 
city, and Hanr. CoU. Libr.) 

Camus' and Ebert^ say that there should be eleviH 
preliminary leaves. More than ten copies, including 
the one in the Dresden Library from which Ebert made 
his transcript, have been examined bv a distinguished 
bibliophile of this city with the view or testing the asser- 
tion of the learned and unfortunate Dresden bibliog- 
rapher, but in no instance could he find more than nine^ 
or ten leaves with the title-page. It should be noticed, 
however, that the poetry on the verso of the last unnum- 
bered leaf seems to end abruptly, although the signature 
is complete. 

As to the index it is said to be rarely found, either 
at the beginning or end of the volume; yet all the copies 
which we have examined in this country (six) have it. 

In the Musie des Souverains, at the Louvre, there is a 
splendid copy printed on vellum, and bearing the arms 
or cipher of Henry IP, interlaced with that of the beau- 
tiful Diane de Poitiers. 

The present is a Latin translation of the collection of 
voyages ascribed to Zorzi (No. 48), by a Milanese monk 
called Madrignano. It contains the navigations of Ca 
da Mosta (cap. 1-83^, three of Columbus (cap. 84-108), 
Alonzo the Black's (cap. 109-111), Pinzon's (cap. 112— 

f j^l.t Milan, Kalenda of June, 1508. * Mhfirtt tttr it Bry^ p. 34». 

The work was finished July ist, under tlie ' DictioMory^ No. 10637. 

illnstrioiu rdgn of Lewis, King of France, ' Van Pbact, Catsitgtu des Rwu In- 

and under the Pope Julius II, the wise primii tur vilin it U BiUhtUftti dm 

preserver of the Orthodox faith, the year R»i (Paris, Svo, i8m-8)s Vol. y, p. 150, 

of our Salvation 1508. No. 171. 

Digitized by 


BihlUihec€ Americana. 115 

113^; Vespuccius' third voya^ (cap. 1 14-124); the 1 508. 
navisation of Josephus the Indian (from cap. 129, which hmhhb 
shomd be numbered 128, to cap. 142) ; and several let- 
ters relating to Portuguese voyages. 

** La redaction de la traduction latine de Madrigano a d'ailleun iti 
fiute avec ane extrtee negligence. De la dirition en six liyret 11 n'y 
a d'indique dam le tezte que le denxieme et le troisieme aux chap. 48 
et 71, non le qnatri^e et le cinqoieme. Le chapitre 114 traite 
d'Americ Vespuce, et sans la table det mati^res, le nom du navigateur 
dont on donne le voyage retterait inconnu.'' 


Dinet riftrtmett t ( FoKAAmi, DeUm Laur. FtmtHUns^ V<a. i» pift 434, mm. 
A Biklhtktcm TJUttiMs^ Vol. ni, page 107. 
I Bikliothees Gremvillimts^ page 765. 
Bihihtkets HeherisMSf Part li. No. 30S0. 
pANsity jtmnsUs Tjforr^ VoL Till, Mge 385. 
ToABOiau, SfiwM dtUs Lmtr, Itsl^ YoL. Tiu, page si 3. 
NAFioirXy Del Prhm§ Se^ttrtn^ peget 3>^3S- 
BiM$tJUcs BnwnimuM^ No. 18. 
Bi^liotkics BarltwisMSf page 13. 
Rioiy No. a. 
TuMAvzyNo. 13. 
BmvMKT, Vol. Illy col. 474. 
OKAissKy Vol. Illy page 439. 

KloM Catalogue, page 158, No. si 87* atciibet the priatiiig of the 
present to OoUrdo de Poote. 

^g. SjiBSLLicus {MMK'jtNT.)--^^ Rhzpfodm Hiftoria. I509« 
rum Enneadum Marci Antonini Coccii Sabsllici ab ■■■bhhh 
orbe condito ; pars prima complectens quinque £n- 
neades [yii^i), nam compUctitur tantum quatuor] fecunda 
tres, tertia quatuor. ; ufque ad annum 1504; pnemiflis 
earundem repertoriis auctis & recognitis ab Ascbnsio 
cum authoris Epitomis: Vctnundantur in Parrhifiorum 
Academih ab Johannb Parvo £s? ipjo^ qui impr^ty Ascbn- 
sio* fol. Parif. 1509.' 


'< RecoM haec editio [oar No. 21] PMris. in aedibus Ascensianis 
1509. 2 VoU. f. ihid. 1 51 3. 3 Voll. f." 


* Exmttw CrM fmgf Vol. IT, p. 85. * Bihliotkics HistoricM^ Vol. i. Part i, 

* AmasUt Tjf^ Vol. n. Part i, p. 198. p. 96, «f. 

Digitized by 


ii6 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1509* 60. FBSPUCCIUS ^ HrLACOMrLUS—RiCfftbi first kMf: 

""~" €nm^t^W itttell||librtUi:aimiiiiii«ifs 
HanKBeome- ntdf u ^ttonmnif prindflpiift a)i earn 
rint 11 neceffariis. H Jitfitpet quiittitor fiiiwriti Ifte 11 
fpucii naitigationes. II ^aniuetfolto. ^ofmogtoptif 
)ief(t{ptU)||tam in folilio $ piano, eto etiantlinfettfst 
quf ^ttolomf 11 ignotE; a nitpetto H xt^txtti fnnt. jj 
€ttm )ieu0 oftta regat, <t tetrtf clfmota €ffat D ^ec 
tellnis, nee efs fsHeta mafnis 1)a1ient n 


Jngeniofitss bir Joannes II getiniget. Anno poft 
natil fal- II notorf fupta fefqufntU- 1| leHmft ^ono. || 
Joanne ^elpf^o DAnliet^o Atgentineft eaftigo:; 

tore. II * 

%* Sm. 4to, thirty-two unnumbered leaves, diagnunt, description 
on the back of the mappemonde, so called, in fourteen lines, 
and black letter. (There is an issue of the same date with the 
said description in fifteen lines. In the May and September 
editions of 1 507 it is in Roman characters). 

(PriTtte labrar., New York, ProTideiice, Wathiagtoii 
citjTy and Hairard GoU. Labr.) 

See the recto of cii, and the verso of ciiij. 

It is the text of the present edition which has been 
published by Navarrete', with notes and a translation 
into Spanish. We quote the above on pages 59-60, 
under the name of Gruniger. 

* Amgliei : The ingenious man, John the corrector John Adolphoi Molich of 
Oriiniger, printed this work at Strasburg, Stratburg. 
in the year of our talTatioo 1509, onder The rest as in No. 44. 

Digitized by 


BihUoiheca AmericMa. 117 

Dirt€t rtftremeet: ( Pimslo-Baicia, Efitmrn^ col. 574. J COO* 

i Pamxkb, Jtmuaits Tyf^^ Vd. n, page 44. D v 

I ' Ctluehm^ Vol. ill, page 183, and 190, sf, mBsa^=^s 

BiUiHAeea Tk§ttisua^ Vol. rii, page 119. 

Bih/hlAeca OrttttfiUistut^ page 765. 

BiUUthetm Uektr'iMs^ Part m. No. 4988. 

Bihlhtkecs BrwmtismSf No. so. 

BiUhihecs BsrltwismSf page 1 1. 

Uitfricml Nugiett^ No. 1746. 

HuiUOLOT, ExoMtm Critifne^ Vol. nr, page 103 

TuNAUZfNo. 14. 

BaoMBT, Vol. II, col. 319. 

Obasmx, Vol. II, page 181. 

61. JiNONrMousJSifAM UVlXkiX II Seclatos 
tfo line )refctf)rtUi ntttitHi || et totius ottiis tetrtatum. 
glotulo totunlio comyatiiti bt fpera folilltia. (Sua 
cttittis etUl meHioaritet Hocto aH oculii biHete licet 
an H t{po)ie!S effe, quoiif pe^ies nofttis oppoHti fnnt. 
IBt qualitet in bna- II ^um : otbis patte tontines 
bitatn agete (ineunt folutarf , fole fin- II gula xta% 
loea iilttftrante: qnf tamen tetta \xi baoto aete pens 
)iete II bilietut : Mn Hei nutn fustStata, alijs 9 ; vn:^ 
mnlti0 tie quatta otbis II tettatii parte nnpet ab 

Then, woodcut representing a globe, in which the New World is 
Itid down. 


.... SEalete felieiter ex II Argentina bltima 
ftugufti. finno poft itatft falutatott |lil.S.iX. 
Joannes grftniget impti II mebat. ft)ielpt)o eaftigas 


* AHglici : The World^t globe. Expo- can see with hit own eyes that there are 

rition or description of the world, and of antipodes, whose feet are opposite ours ; 

the terrcstial sphere constructed as a round and how men may lead a healthy life in 

globe similar to a solid sphere, whereby every part of the glole, the sun shining 

creiy man, even if of moderate learning, upon the different parts thereof, which 

Digitized by 


ii8 BiHiothecs Aw^ericana. 

I COO* *** ^™* 4^^ (sigiuit* C in aixet), fourteen onnombered leaves. 
^ ^ (Himrd ColL Librarr.) 

*' C'ett dtns cette brochure tret rare aujoard*hai que j'ai trouy£ 
employee pour la premiere fois la denomination d'Am^ique pour 
designer le Nouveau Monde, d*apr^ le conseil donn6 par Hylacomvlus 
en 1 507. L'auteur anomrme, que Panzer' a cm par erreur 6tre Hen- 
ricus Loritus Glareanus [see iMfrM] ne nomme le nayigateur florentin 
que sur le titre de Touyrage et sans fidre aucune mention de Colomb/' 


Dirt€t rtfimcest ( • Pansbi^ jfnmsla T^fftgr,, Vol. ti, ptige 44$ meadoM alto oa 
4 page iaS, of the tame toL, an edidon tim smm. 

I BiliiHJUes Tkmiens^ Yol. ▼, page %i^, 
Bihliotktcs GremvilliMSf page 481. 
* Bxsmem Critipu^ YoL ▼!» page 14^, and intfodnctioii to Ghil- 
lany*t Btksiwt^ page 8, m9t». 
Hin§rusJ NMggm, No. 1252. 
GiAittXy Vol. lUf page 94. 

6 2 • yRSPUCCIUS {jfMERICUS)^RecU 0/ the first Um/: 

^ifl Mdjliit fanet mie 

Itv^Ii^lillll fenrl |efr %WMalM, 

'' A. %l CtfttieM II im^ fm %mwmA, 

A. )i. ^vt\M%9i Itiet Hi itel|te g atir erfft^rt iittiii 

ftnieM tU 3ifii(eM wmk eiit fitlwtlwtti tm irtUca 

Mtfetket SdUeir titnitlf txlehnit. fl 

Then woodcut representing two kings receiving two men landing 
from a vessel, at the top of the picture : LISBONA. 

<•¥. §0i,ttm, ir kf Settre, Sie Me tier Me lllt|e( »i 
ief^reiittg ier gtt^ett itett tetrflet f^Itf n liftf|l He 
lentt^ litiet tttk (efet. Ii* 

teemt to be tutpendeU in the airy Tacoum, on the latt of Augntt, A. D. 1509, printed 

tapported only by Ood*t will j together by John Or&iiger and corrected by Adol- 

with many other thingt concerning the phut ( ? ). 

fourth part of the earth recently datcoT- * Atigliei : Thit little book relatet how 

eied by Americut. Farewell, Stratburg, the two mott Uluttrioot Locdt, Ferdinand, 


Digitized by 


BiUioihica Americana. 119 

%* 4to» (tigntt. B tnd C in sixes); thirty-two letres. Large I^O^* 
woodcats on Terso of B i» r/r/# of D iiii, virs$ of £ iiii and of ^^bb^bbm 
F iiii, the last being a repetition of the vignette on the title- 

(PrivMs libnry^New York, and Britkk IfMevm.) 

German translation of the four voyages of Vespu- 
dus, probably taken from the CosiaograpUa printed by 
John Gruniger. 

63. yESFUCCim-HrLAC0MirLUS-Rict9$f tbi first Udf: I5IO« 


Infuper quatuor Amend Vespuccii || 
nauigadones. Vniuerfalis Chofmographise 
defcriptio || tarn in folido qplano, eis edam 
inferds quse Ptholomseo||ignota a nuperis|| 
reperta nint.|| 

Then eight lines of verse addressed to <<Dominfni lacobrm 

C$l9pb$n : 

Explicit fceliciter cofmographise uniuer- 
falis defcripdo || cii quattuor Americi uef- 
pucii nauigadoibus uigi^ || landfGme Im- 
prefla per lohanem de la Place. || Vt nee 
mendula quide fuperit.||* Finis. || 

King of CMtile, and Emanncl, King of you tkall undentand the globe and the 

Portngal, have searched through the vast description of the whole world, that you 

teas, and discoTcred many tsUnds, and a will hereafter find ont and read. 

new world of naked saTages, hitherto on- * AMglki t The description of uniTersal 

kaown. cosmography, happily explained, together 

Printed at Strasbnrg by John GrOniger, with the four navigationt of Americus 

in the year 1509, on Lctare. Bat how Vespocius, most elegantly prinud by John 

Digitized by 


I20 BihUothics Americana. 

15^®* *♦* Sm, 4to, title, sb$e MnM$ Mut hc9 / title one + thirtf-two na- 
m^^K^^ numbered leaves; text in Romtn; two simple diagrams. 

(PriTtte Libnry, New York.) 

'' Cette edition, tres-peu connue, a dik' 6tre imprim^ \ Lyon, oik 
Jean de la Place ezercait d^s Pann6e 1510." 

(See the recto of Diij for the passage relating to 



Dlntt refinnees t ( Mkvwl, BiUioiheea HitfHcm^ YoL lU, page 165. 
J BihIiotAtCM HthtriMMs, Yol. TU, No. 6409 ( ?). 
I BiUhtketm GrewvillisMS^ page 765. 

Bihiiotkecs Barlpwismsp page 14. 
* BsoNKT, Yol. II, col. 318. 
Gkaimi, Yol. II, page »8i. 

64. ALBERTINI \FRANC. DK^Ri(t9 •/ thi first liMf, witkm mm 

9rnMmintal fr9ntispUci : 

Nouae & ueteris Vrbis Roms edi- i| turn a 
Fracifco de Albertinis Clerico Flore |i tino 
dedicatum(p lulio fecundo Pon. Max.* 

Then an epignun in eight lines, addressed to Andrew Falvius, the 
versifying antiquarian ; followed by " CVM PRIVILEGIO." 


Impreflum Roms per lacobum Mazo- 
chiumll Romans Academis Bibliopolam 
qui in- || fra paucos dies epythaphio^ opuf- 
culu II in luce ponet afio Salutis* M.D.X. 
Die. iiii. Febr. || 

4e b Place, m thtt not eren the lent the wonderful thingi of the new « well 

roUtake can be finin4. aa of the oU dtjr of Rome, edited by Fran- 

The rat of the title u in No. 44. cia de Albertini, a Florentine dergjrman { 

* Jlnglitit A little work concerning dedicated to Pope Juliua II. 

Digitized by 


BiblUthecs Americana. 121 

%^ Sm. 4to, dtle one -|- one hundred and two unnumbered leaves. I C IO« 

(Prirate Ubnry, New York.) ^ 

«< Edido prima/' 


'* Francesco Alberdni, dont Pouyrage curieuz a paru deux ans apr^s 
la mort de Colomb [nay, in his life-dme, if die emdon mendoned by 
Negri is audiendc], ne connait aussi que les d^couvertes de Vespuce/' 


After speaking of the Antiquities of Rome in a man- 
ner which stamps him as the first archaeologist of his 
times, he speaks ^^ De noua Vrbcy' and by a slight di- 
gression ends the book with a section De laudibus ciui- 
tatU Flareniin^e et SauoensiSy in which, after enumerating 
the famous orators, writers, painters and others of Flo- 
rence, he thus speaks of Vespuccius : 

Reef 9f Um/ \oi I 

" nS in II nouo mundo Albericus 

Vefpulcius (sic) Flo. mifTus a fi||delifGmo 
Rege Portugal. Poftremo uero a Catholill 
CO Hyfpaniani Rege primus adiuenit nouas 
infu/lllas & loca incognita: ut in eius li- 
bello Graphice ap/||paret in Epiilola eius 
de nouo mundo ad Lauren || tium luniorem 
de medicis."f 

Dhut rtforttuet : ( MArrrAUty AamsU* Tfftgr.^ Yol. T, Part I (index), page i8. 
J Clxmhit, Bihlhtklqtu Qtritmut Yd. i, page lao. 
I Mkvwl, BiUitkees JSistmca, Yol. it, Part s, page 175. 
MASsoaitLU| di tcritfri fhslU^ YoL I, page 321. 
BAMran, VtULf page ux. 
NATiOMty JU^iomsmtiitOf page 1 01, ••/«• 
BihihtAtcs TJk§ttismSf Yol. ni, page %%%, 
BihOtMum Bsrl§f9isMS^-^ 
BavMKT, Yol. I, col. 135. 
OaAiasx, Yol. i, page 53. 

f Fm, : la the new world, Albericus detcribct the •tar^ and the new islands, as 

Vespolcha of Florence, sent by the most is also seen in his letter vpon the new 

Christian King of Portugal, but lastly by world, addressed to Lorenso de Medicis, 

the Catholic King of Spain, firrt discoTered junior. 

new islands and unknown countries, as is ^ A nnMltt^ Yol. Till, page 149. 
gnphicaUy set Ibrth in his book, where he * Bxsmtm CHiifut^ Yol. T, p. 109, mm. 


Digitized by 


122 BiiBoihica AmmcMa. 

1510.* 65. MiAFFBt •/ roLTEMjt^^^ Commcntariorum urban- 
orum Libri xxxviii. Paris. 1510. f." 


1 5 1 1 . 66. MjtRTTR (FETERy^Riet$ $f tbi Jtrst Usf: 



IF itnpveffttin I^UpoU cfl Attntna tiUigenda per 
Jocotfl (ottttn II tetget alemanfl. Anno. HAUUffb 
mo qttinsentffnmo, xf. tnffe beto II flptULf 

* Biklitktcs Httfritm^ Vol. I, Part i» certain importance to tlie editions of Ber- 

page ftSi. gomat pubUtlied in Latin and Italian after 

*Tlie tranilation into Spanish of Ber- 1503. 

gomas* Chronicle, by Nards Viftoles, the f AMgHcl : The woriu of Peter hILutft 

Valendan poet (&MMM irrticf AurrMifM Anglerins of Milan. The Embassy to 

^aHwiiy Valencia, (blioy 1510), although Bal^lon, th« Decade of the Ocean; 

carrying the annals as late as the war of poems, e^grams. With priTilege. 

Naples, full ten years after the first Toyage Printed at Seville with the greatest care 

of Colombns, docs not contain the chapter by James Coramberger, a German, in the 

relating to America, and which imparts a year 151 1, in the month of April. 

Digitized by 


BiiUoihica jtmiricMa. 


Polio, teTeiity-fbar onniimbered letres, text in Gothic type, 
printed in two columns. The decade commences on signa« 
ture D (twenty-first leaf), extending to the veno of the forty- 
fbarth leaf. On the recto of the forty-fifth letf, there is a 
map without title, representing Cuba, Hispaniola, Bermuda 
and the couts of Florida and Central America. The text 
continues on the verso of the leaf containing the map, which 
eridently belongs to the work. 

(Piinti libmyy Protidence.) 


Pietro Maitire d' An^era it almost always called Peter 
Martyr, for which he must stand responsible as he was 
the first to set the example', while his epitaph bears no 
other name*. We call our author Peter Martyr, as it 
is the clearest mode of quoting him, and we are satisfied 
that no student of American history will mistake our 
quotations for references to Peter Martyr Festus, Peter 
Martyr Tronus, Peter Martyr Vermilli, or Martyr the 
Armenian who acquired so much reputation as a traveler 
towards the close of the fifteenth century'. The present 
Peter Martyr was born in 1455 (Nicerort^)^ or in 14C9 
{Antoniifi^ Alcedo^) at Arona, on the banks of Lake 
Major. He went to Rome in 1483, where he formed 
the acquaintance of Cardinal Ascanio Sforza and of 
Pomponius Letus, to both of whom many of his letters 

* To the reader who it familiar with 
Peter Martyr*a ipordre atyle, it it evident 
that the remarlt *<Italus quidam Mmrtyr 
nomine ad Cariam te nuper contulit,** Sec 
(Efia, ZZT, p. 10; Amtterd. edit.), applies 
to himself. 


XT NOTi oain iGMon hactimts 










*< posta nel IHtmso di Granats^ e riierita dal 
MUmmucckeUL** (Cancxluxri, Disurts- 

WMfy p. Illy MH*,) 

' ^ II y a eu quatre s^aTans hommes qui 
ont porti le nom de Pierre Martyr. Sfayoir 
Pierre Martyr dit jinglsriemsit de Milan, 
qui a hit les Decades da nooveaa Monde. 
Pierre Martyr Festus d^Urci yille d*£s- 
pagne, qui a public Sammsrimm C9mgtitmti9^ 
mum pr$ r^imitu Ordiuit Prstdicmfrum, 
Pierre Martyr Tronus de NoTarre en Italie, 

2ui est TAuteur d*un Liyre, D* ulctri^mt 
f mmlmiribms tmpitiu £t Pierre Martyr 
VermU, dont M. de Thou a hh TEloge.*' 
(TxssiXRy Ei^iet det Howmet SetrvsMs, 
Vol. I, p »o8.) 

^ Mamirtt pour servir i Piistoire dis 
ibanvM illuitra dans Urip, desiettret^ Paris, 
iimo, 1717-45, Vol. zziiT, pp. 109-11. 

* BiMptk. Hitpsm, Ntva^ Vol. ii (^ 
pendiw\ p. 371. 

* BiMoMa jiMeritsMa (MS.), Vol. I, 

Digitized by 


114 BibUotheca Americana. 

151 1, arc addressed. He repaired to Spain with Count Ten- 
a^^sMK dilla in 1487^ joined the Spanish army in the war against 
the Moors in 1488, was ordained a priest in 14049 and 
was appointed during the same year tutor to tne chil- 
dren of Ferdinand and Isabella, or only preceptor of 
the royal pages, Peter Martyr was intrusted in 1501 
with a diplomatic mission to the Sultan of Egypt, which 
is related in his Legatio babyhnica (1. e. Cairo). As a 
Veward for his having dedicated this work to Pope 
Leo X, he was appointed Apostolical Prothonotarv 
(one of the twelve members of a coU^ intrusted witn 
the custody of the last wills of cardinals, and with the 
proceedings for the canonization of saints) ; and in 
1505 obtained the much-coveted office of Dean of the 
chapter of the Cathedral of Granada. He died in that 
city after August 1525, or in 1516 {Alcedo). The friend 
or contemporary of Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Cortes, 
Magellan, Cabot and Vespuccius, a member of the 
Council of the Indies, he was enabled to obtain valuable 
information in resard to the great Oceanic discoveries, 
the substance of which, with some additions of his own, 
is embodied in his Decades or '^ Oceanics/' 

There is an impression among Italian bibliographers, 
based probably upon the assertion of Caballero^ or a 
mistake in the BibUotheca Vilenbroukia$uf (afterwards 
corrected in the index), that the first Decade was pub- 
lished at Seville as early as the year 1500. Panzei^ and 
Hain'^ repeat this assertion, but Mazzuchelli", with his 
usual acuteness, exhibits the fallacy of the statement. 
The earliest edition known is the above, which, if Bru- 
net's description is correct, must have been printed twice 
in the same year and place, as Brunet's title, which dif- 
fers from ours, was likewise taken from an original which 
he had " sous les yeux." 

Leon Pinelo'* asserts that all the Decades of Peter 

• Dtfrimm Tyf^r, hisp. (Rome 1793, " Oli Serhtmi ^JtmUs^ cM m$tmit tf^ 
4to)> P" 'o. ricJk* 9 critkMef BreKU, IbL, 1753-63, 

• Vol. II, No. 1 181. Vol. I, P«rt a, pp. 773-7. 

• jtmusles lypcgr.^ Vol. IT, p. 339, " Epitmm^ p. 68} and Barda*t edit. 
*• Repertfiwm^ No. 10863. Vol, i, col. 579. 

Digitized by 


Bibliothiia AmericoHa. 


Martyr were printed in 151 1, which is evidently an I CI I* 
error. The present edition contains only the first de- ^^mh^ 
cade, which was republished, together with the second 
and third, at Alcala in 15 16 {infra). This collection of 
three decades was again printed separately at Basle, folio, 
1533 (infra)j and at Cologne, 8vo, in 1574*'. 

The entire eight decades were not published until 
1530, folio, Aloda de Henarez {infra). Temaux**, 
Brunet and Graesse mention a Paris folio edition of 
^S3^^ while Pinelo-Barcia, with his usual inaccuracy, adds 
to the list of imaginary editions, one of 1540, and an- 
other of 1557. The Paris edition by Hakluyt" is, as we 
have since ascertained, erroneously considered the best. 

Extracts from the fourth Decade, known m de in- 
sulis nuper repertis UbeVj were published in Latin at 
Basle in 1521 {infra)j in all the editions and transla- 
tions of tne Novtis orbis^\ in French by Simon de 
Colines in 1532 (infra)^ and added to the Antwerp 
edition of Brocard's Description of the Holy-Land 
(1537, iffra). The German translation mentioned by 
Graesse'^ contains the first three decades and the ex- 
tracts from the fourth. An abridgement in Italian'* 
was printed under the title of SommariOy in 1534 {infra). 
We have the authority of Leon Pinelo'^ for the asser- 
tion, repeated by Antonio', that a descendant of Peter 
Martyr translated the Decade into Spanish, but it is 
doubtful whether this translation ever was printed. As 
to the English versions^ they are well known. 

^ De Rehms (kesMteis, it N§v Orhe^ 
de€Mdet tretj &c^ 24 prel. U., 683 pp. 

'^ BihiioiMipu jtmiricaiue^ No. 47, hh. 

'* De erhe ueve^ &c., Paris, Sto, 15S7, 
8 pfcL ILy 605 pp.y 1% annamb. ll.» map. 
See BmlUt. See. Oiegr. Oct. 1858, p. 171. 

*• Peter MMrtyr de buuUt umier refers 
tit liber y No. 17, pp. 57^-584 of the Bade 
edit, of 153ft. 

*^ Feinu Martyr ntem Meyhmit .... 
VtrttmiKhet durek Nie. HStiiger vm Kd- 
m^efem. Basle, ibl., 1 581$ in the Triter^ 
Vol. I, p. 130. 

'* If vre mwf judge from the title, the 

Reistiem del 8, Fietre Aigrtire Mitmmete^ 
Venice, 8yo^ 1564, b only a translation of 
the LegMtie kmbybmicSy and therefore be- 
longs only to the Bihlietkepte Jtsiatifue, 

** ** Itam Pablo Martir Riso^ des- 
cendiente de don Pedro Martir, cooocedo 
cttesta Corte, por las obras qae ha impresso, 
tiene tradusidas las Decadas de so bisabuelo 
en Castellano, para dar a la estampa,** 
EfitemUy p. 69. 

•• TktDeeOeteftheNtw Werlde . . . 
tramtlMtediitte Engifseeke ky Rye hear de Eden, f 
London, 4(0, 1555, 04 prel. 11., 361 U. { 
and 13, contains the fiirst three Decades^ 

Digitized by 


ia6 BibUoiheca AmericMa. 

151 !• Peter Martyr seems to have written other works, 
which were printed. Pinelo-Barcia", mentions a History 
of the Palestinians, Tyrians and Sidonians ; and An« 
tonio, a Synopsis of Phny's Hutaria naturalis. 

Dinct r^trtmeu t ( Pamux, Jtmrnmlti Tjf^gr^ YoL Tii, page 110. 
A MoaxLUy Oftrttttf Vol. i, page %^i* 
I TtlMAOXy No. 16. 
Bihlitkita Tk$ttumMf Yd. rii, page 95. 
Bihihtktta Hikerimmm^ Part Ti» No. 214. 
BiUitktca Br§wmmmSf No. %i, 
Btmirry Yol. i, ooL %^%, 
GtAsm, Yol. ly page 119. 

67. MATTBi OF roLTBBRA^^^ Commentariorum urban- 
orum RAPHAELis POLATERRANi {Hc) octo & tringinta 
iibri .... Venundantur Parrhifiis in Yia lacobea 
loanne paruo & lodoco Badio Afcenfio, ad kalendas 
luiias anno faluds noftre 1511. in-foL folior. 414. fi 
duplicem indicem/' 

68. FTOLBMrSTLrANUS—Rieti $ftbi first Usf, prkudk nd: 


and extnctB from the last five. The Hit-' trii andpmmJmU TisusiU •fhL L§k 0«m,i 

§my rf TrMvsfU in tie Wtu tmd Bsu Loii4.9 4to» 161A) 5prel.U.} 318 11. Uem 

Indiit^ . . ky Bdtm§ mewly ut in order^ 9fmi§ Lond., 4(0^ 1 618. 

migmatid^ fife., hy Riekari fFitttt f Lon- ** L§e. tH.y col. 1469. 

don, 4to» 1577 ; 10 prel. 11., 466 U., 4 11. } ' AnsUeu Lite,^ page 1063, and Cmai, 

contains tlie first four Decades, and an BM, Lii^d. Bstmv^ page ao6. 

abridgment of the remaining Ibor. De * <« CTcst-d dire, an sod rAAiqne } i 

N999 Orht, . . iy Edem, . . . wi*rtMwt9 Test les relations de Marco Polo| d Tonest, 

/if ptAirJh* sr« ntwiy slUti ky tit fs^bf- terra crads, les Iks dv nonvean moade et 

Digitized by 


Bibtioihica AmericMa. 

I ay 

Firs§ $f thi titU, Mftir s uriis $f verus t$ tbi nsdir, iy Umms I f 1 1 , 
AmriUus Augur ilius: ^ 

SylVanus anotadones in Ptholemaei geo- 

Venetiis per Jacobum Pentium de leu- 
chollAnno domini. m.d.xi. Die xv||Menfis 

*^* Polio, four preliminary leaves + fifty-teven of text, and, in a 
perfect copy, twenty-eight maps. The present contains only 
twenty-seven, viz. : One for a msppim$MJi, ten for Europe, 
fonr for Africa, and twelve for Asia; nor are the maps 
colored. The Labanoff copy contains " les a8 cartes'*". We 
infer that the map wanting in our copy is a second msppi- 
^ m^nde, and probablv that which is reproduced in Lelewel's At- 
las, and described in the MafptecM CpiomhUns. 

(Prirate Ubmy, New York.) 

** En la carta jeneral de la tierre hasta entdnces conocida en Claudii 
Ptolemaei Geographia cum 28 tabulis ligno incisis etc. Venetiis 1 5 1 1 
fol. que es la primera de las 28, se ve la terra Ste. Crucis (Brasil) ; 
la Isla Espafiola.*' 

" Les cartes sont d'autant plus remarquables qu'elles furent les pre- 
mieres imprimees d'apres un nouveau procede; les planches 6uient 
gravees en bois, et percees de trous aux endroits oik doivent se trouver 
les noms des lieuz, afin de les y placer en caract^res ordinaires d'im- 
primerie ; Tecriture devint alors ^lus lisible, mais les cartes offrirent 
un effet d6sagr6able k Poeil." 

(Lakmwf Catalogui.) 

Bernard Sylvanus, of Eboli (in the kingdom of 
Naples), was a geographer of remarkable learning. 

terra Laboratorit : tont figuriet tur la pre- 
mie carte, mappemonde de Ptol6mee. 
A cet ei&t il a donn^ an deyeloppement de 
108° de la longueur de Thabiuble, de 70^ 
tant i I'est qu*i l*ouest : ainsi qu*elle 
•*^tead fur 310^ de longueur.** Lklkwkl, 
Gitgr, dm Moyem Jtgi^ Vol. 11, p. 151, n. 
* jtMglice : The book of Claudius 
Ptolemy of Alexandria on Geograpby, to- 
gether with mapc, a mappemonde, and a 

supplement containing the placet which 
have been discovered by recent navigators. 
Carefully corrected and printed. Annota- 
tions of Sylvanus to Ptolemy*s Oeography. 

Venice, by James Pendus de Leucho, 
A. D. 1 51 1, March 15th. 

' Cataltgue des Cartet Giograpki^uts dt 
U BihliotlSfui du Primct hJUrnvf^ Paris, 
Svo, 1813, p. 7. 

^ London, 8vo, i860, p. i, No. %. 

Digitized by 



Bikliotheca Americima 

1511* boldness and imagination. His work can scarcely be 
called an edition of Ptolemy's Cosmographia, for he 
undertook therein to remodel Ptolemy himself, bv 
means of data borrowed from modern navigators, whicn 
he interspersed with such erroneous conjectures boldly 
set forth as facts, that no reliance whatever can be 
placed upon his maps, text, or assertions. Withal, 
Sylvanus Ptolemy is, m a cartographical point of view, 
an extremely curious book. Lelewel says' that the maps 
are '^ admirables, d'une forme seduisante et plus pro- 
portionnee, plus harmonieuse que les constructions de 
ce genre de geographies posterieures." Raidel^, on the 
other hand, seems to entertain a contrary opinion. 

Direct fferencu t ( pABUCiuty Bihiiotkeca Grmta^ Vol. t, page 175. 
\ Pamssx, AmnsUi 7y^<fr., Vol. Tin, page 405. 
I Baubi, Bihli9tk. Sk^I, Vol. in, page no. 
NAnoNBy Dd Prime Snfrifrt^ page S7. 
ZvRLA, itlh jimtieJU wiippe^ csp, XXTIII. 
BiUiethua Tkttisms^ Vol. Til, pag«* 104. 
Bihli§tkeea Hehtriama^ Part Til, No. 5133. 
Van Pkakt, CaimI, du iivrts tmr vUim^ Vol. in, No. 4; Lomenie 
Catalogue, Part in, page 66, No. 383 ; MacCarthy Catal., Vol. 
II, No. 3S76J BiUitkeca HoknnU^md^ page 83, No. 500 ; 
BavNXT, Vol. IT, col. 954; Libri Catalogue, 1859, No. A176, 
all fat copies printed on ydlum. 

1 51 2. 69. STOBNiczA (JOHN DEy-^^ \ntro6xi€do in clavdii 
PTHOLOMEi Cofmographiam : cum longitunibus & lati- 
tunibus r^onum. Cum Carmine Sapphico Rudolphi 
Agricolae ad Epifcopum Posnanienfem Joannem Lu- 

* Lie. tit^ Vol. n, p. 1^2. 

* De Pteiem, Geegr, ejutf, ceMeihms | 
Noremb., 4to, 1737, p. 55. 

* Walsee-mollcr, ^iat Hylacomyloa, oc- 
capict tiicli a peculiar position, owing to 
the publication of the St. Di^ Cosmography, 
that ererything which he ever wrote on 
kindred subjects most prove of interest to 
the collector of books on America. We 
were in hopes that the ** Jtutrmctio mmuu" 
ditetiewmm prettMms ia carupm itimerMriam 
Mtrtiwi SUseemi/i eum lueulentimi ipthu 

Emref^e emtrrmtieme s Rimpmsmme FJkilem 
vos^ens eiucripu, Jlr£t»frmti e» eJSc, 
JekMrnnii Ormmgeri [1511, in 4^ fblior. 
Al] (Lbliwxl, Getfr, dm Mtyem Age^ 
Vol. II, page 143), contained some details 
of interest concming the subject before 
us 'y but if we may judge from the interest- 
ing and apparently ezhanstiye analysis 
given by Frittao {AmmIuu Hturmria de 
librii reurierihrnt; Ldptig, 8vo, 1750, page 
449), we apprehend that the search would 
prove fruitless. 

Digitized by 


Biblhtheca Americana, 129 

branflci. Impreflum Cracoviae per Florianum Ungle- I5I2« 
rium Anno Domini mcccccxii, 4. =?--=«-«! 

^^loHociana I. p. 8. it. p. 237. BibL Scbw. tun'** 


Concerning this Polish geographer, we could only 
find two or three passing notices* of the most insignifi- 
cant character. Those who have access to Lelewel's 
Biiljograficznycb Ksiag dwoje\ may be more fortunate. 

The present isagogic treatise contains important pas- 
sages relating to America, which the reader will find in 
our description of the edition of 151 9. There are two 
copies of this rare work in Vienna {Kaiser lie Ac Ho/ 6f 
Stoats Bibliothek). The statement to the eflFect that it 
contains a map with the word " America" inscribed is 
doubtful. According to Kunstmann*, the map is a very 
imperfect woodcut, almost illegible. The New World 
is drawn as a continent, from 50® N. lat. to 40° S. lat. ; 
and fi*om the Equator to the Tropic of Capricorn there 
is an inscription running along a coast line west, with 
the words: ^^ terra incognita^ Judging from the de- 
scription given by Kunstmann, the map does not seem 
to bear anywhere the name of America. It has been 
supposed that it was an intercalated map ; but from the 
passage in which the author gives instructions to make 
the editions of Ptolemy serve for the late discoveries, it 
is evident that it belonged originally to the work. It 
is often wanting. Kunstmann states that the date of 
1 5 12, given by Panzer, is not to be found in the 
Vienna copies, which contain at the end only these 
words : " Impressum Cracoviae per Florianum Ungle- 
rium," and no date whatever. 

* Angliee : Introduction to the Cos- * Annalts^ Vol. Ti, p. 454. 

mography of Claudius Ptolemy, together * Voniut, di Natura artium, lib. ui, p. 

with the latitude and longitude of placet. 148 ; Revue Gerwianiquei Parit, Vol. viii, 

With the Sapphic poem of Rudolph Agri- p. 105. 

cola to John Lubrantki, Bishop of Pos- ' Wilna, 8vo, 1813-16, Vol. i. 

nania. Printed in Cracovia by Florian ^ Die Emtdickumg Americas ; Munich, 

Ungler, A. D. 1511. 4to, 1859, p. 130, sf, 


Digitized by 


130 BiUioihica AmmcMa. 

1512* JO* MONTALBODDO^ (F. Dt^Ri€t§ tf thi first Urf: 

|lfl*fl nmamU wtr<m- 

^Ibm^d IHrfjwiitw ^- 
xtxXxm tntttttlotoji 

Then vigoette representing die king receiving Vespuccios. 

C Stampato in Milano con la impefa 
de lo. lacobo & fratelli da Lignalino: & 
diligente cura & induflria de loanne An- 
gelo fcinzczeler : nel. M. H cccccxii. adi. 
xxyil. de Mazo I 

*^ Sm. 4to» seventy-five unnumbered letves, including title and 
three letves of tables; text in Roman cluuracters. 

(PriTite Libraiy, New York.) 

S>irHt rtferttHU t f Hibbert dtalogae, pige 461 , No. 8377. 
i BtmoTf YoL Ty coL 1158. 
(C. R. (RiTa of MUaa) Cttalogue, Pari^ 1856. 

J I. •*EUSBBii cJESAMiMNSis Epifcopi Chronicon: quod 
Hieronymus prefby ter diYino eius ingenio latinum ^ere 
curaYit, et ufque in Valentem Cseiarem Romano adiecit 
eloquio. Ad quern & Profper & Mattheus Palmerius, 

* The following note, which we have mpWw in ra$ii nmmsmtnu Htrwrnti de Pi«- 

j-««.dT^fio«M.D;A«.^«^i« ^^itS^^tl^'S^riSSSJL 

Of to correct the mistake we had nllea dont la dat« d«tcm»d u moini Jiwqn'eo 15x4} 
into (on the aothoritr of BaUelli and <*••( «»« det Mgireidt d* Alexandre de Hamboldt 

ing editiotts of the present works GS^rsfiat^ Paris, hr October, iSn« Note x, 

** Alesaadre Zofsl a dli le fs$tstmr d*u es- page iia.) 

Digitized by 


BiUhfhica jimmcana. 131 

& Matthias Palmerius, demum & lohannes Multivallis 1512* 
complura quae ad haec ufque tempora Aibfecuta funt ■■>«"="« 
adiecerc — ^Abfolutum eft in alma Pari/hrum Academia, 
per Henrkum Stephanum^ in formuiaria iiteranim arte 
opificem, iilius mayima cura & diligentia, nee non eiuf- 
dem & Jodoci BadH in hoe opere fociorum non parvis 
expenfis. Anno ab incarnatione domini cunda guber- 
nands, miilefimo quingentefimo duodecimo. Idibus 
vcro lunii. In-4." 

(liAtTTAiu' and lUllOVAto'.) 

We could find only one copy of a Paris edition of 
Eusebius' ChronicoHy printed dv Stephanus, in 1512. 
It is in the British Museum, ana was once the property 
of Abp. Laud. We had it examined, and the report is 
that it extends only to A. D. 449. As the title is want- 
ing we are unable to state whether it is the same edition 
mentioned by Renouard, with the remaining leaves torn 
off, or whether it is a diflferent edition not containing 
the additions of Matthias Palmerius (to 148 1), and of 
one John Multivallis fto the year of the impression). 
Bibliographers are familiar with an edition of tne ChronU 
con of 1^12, owing to the circumstance that it contains, 
under the vear 14^7, a statement which is often quoted 
in fiivor ot the claims of Guttenbere to the invention of 
printing' ; but mdfnn^ from the following notice, which 
we clip from a booksdlers' catalosue^, it seems that this 
edition of the Bishop of Cesarea s Chronicon (which in 
its original form was written before A. D. 338), deserves 
a place, however small, in our Bibliotheca. 

"SoatPann6e 1500, on trouve une notice tar les voyages de CsJa' 
m0st$, kc, sottt 1« date 1509, une notice difque I'on a amen6 a Rouen 
Sift SsMPSges di PAmirique du Nord, Sec, on y mentionne que leur 
pays est situ6 sous le m^e m€ridien que la Prance." 

« jimmsUi TS^fgrmfkui, Vol. U, Part •««... rmHa 1440. imventm |" in 
I y p. 231. MAnrTAiRKy !•€, cit.^ p. 131, note, 

* Am»0Ju d$t RnUmnt^ p. 15, No. 15. * Cretaine*i, Parity 1863, No. 9S. 

Digitized by 


13^ Biblhtheca Americana. 

1 5 1 2 This passing notice is interesting when added to the 
s— =^s-se following from Charlevoix' : 

** La meme annee [1508] on vit en Prance nn Sauvage du CMnsds, 
qu'un Pilote de Dieppe, nomme Thomas Aubert» y avait anient/' 

I c 1 2. 72. SABRLLico (MARK-ANT.)—^^ Rhapfodiac Hiftoriarum 
=^b™=b Enneadum, 2 torn, folio. Pjf^iJ, apud Afcenfiumy 1513." 

(Pamxia* and Klom*.) 

Doctor Kloss' annotation, ^^ Ed, iUy* is erroneous, as 
this must be at least the third edition. 

7 2. BERGOMAS (J AC, PHIL,)^mtbin sn •mamenteil hrdir : 


^wfjfXtmttAx Cl)r<ittkai II 

vutn ab ipfo Mvivcai 3Bior)ifo ViSi$ in tetiemptio II 
xii% lloftts ^nnum .^.cccccx. etiftutn. ISt nouif:: 
Hme recognituMl IBt coftigatum aUenetantio ^atte 
.^ocoio $!)Uippo 13etgotnate ottiinis |i)etremitartt^ 
^UliitiiS pet efl/ II lient Slttctorl i^ pluritttis btilifnmfis 
r neceffa II riiss a)i)iUionit)tts8. ^ec nIS elegStf tabu- 
la II nottitetr excogitata q[us omnia mitifice tiemims 

fttat. II €ll Otatia [/FW«/ npresenting St. Mkbatr] X 


Ctltfban : 

€ Explicit fupplemeiitum fupplementi 
Chronicarum Dili || genter Et Accurate 

* Hituirt it U tfmvtllt Framctf Parit, * Annalti Tjft[r^ Vol. rni, f. 641. 
4to, 1744, Vol. I, p. xiT. * Catalogue, p. 141, No. J3J6. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 133 

Reuifum Atcj Correctu. Vene||tiis im- 1513- 
prefluz Opere & impenfa Georgii de Ru || ■"=-■ 
fconibus Anno a Naitiuitate Xpi .M.D. || 
XIII. Die .XX. Augufti. Regnite Leo- 
nardo Lauredano II Venedarum Principe.ll* 

%* Folio, three hundred tnd thirty-five nmnbered leaves. 

(Boston Atheiueum.) 

The chapter " De quattuor p'maximis infulis in India 
extra arbem nuper inuentis^** commences on the verso of 
folio 319. 

Direei refirtnen : ( Pamski, jimiisJes T)fpogr^ Vol. Tin, page 415. 
\ Kloas Catalogue, page 49, No. 670. 

74. FTOLBMr-ESSLER-UBELIN-'Recto of the first leaf: 

Mathematics difciplin^ Philofophi || doc- 
tiflimi II Geographic opus nouiflima traduc- 
tione e Gr^coHrum archetypis caftigatif- 
fime preflum : ceteris || ante lucubratorum 
multo pr^ftantius. || Pro Prima parte con- 

* Anglicc : Supplement*! Supplement to tupplementi were added by the same 
the Chronicles from the beginning of the author, together with a newly elaborate 
world to the year of our Redemption table, which explains everything. With 
1510. Very recently revised and cor- Grace and Privilege. Venice, printed by 
vccted by the Venerable Father James Georges de Rusconi, A. D. 1513, August 
Philip of Bergamo, of the order of the loth, under the reign of Leonard de Love- 
Hermits. The most useful and necessary dano, Prince of Venice. 

Digitized by 


134 BihBotheea Americami. 

1513. tinenslli CI. Ptolem^i Geographiam per 
octo libros partitam/ II ad antiquitat^ fuam/ 
integre & fine uUa corruptione. || 2 Vna 
cum coUadone didionum gr^carum e re- 
gione II ad latinas certiifima graduum cal- 
culadone. II 3 Regiftradonem item nouam 
regionum/ prsfedurarum/ ciuitatum/ fiu- 
minum/ marium/ lacuum/ portuum/ filua-|| 
rum/ oppidorum/ villanim ac gendum/ 
ad ordinem || chaitarum & columnanim 
fingula cerdfUmo mon || ftrans indice. || 4 
Qui breuis & dodiffima Gregorij Lilij 
fiibfequitur in- 1| ftnidio de Gr^co^ numer- 
ali fupputadone/ in tradu-||dione gr^ca res 
fcitu aurea. || 5 Tabularum dein Auctoris 
vigindfeptem ordo hie eft || Generale orbis 
iuxta defcripdone Ptolemif Vna. || Europe 
tabulf Decern. || Aphricf tabulf Quat- 
tuor. II Afif tabulf Duodedm. || Eft & una 
corporis Spherici in piano iuxta fine. 7. 
li. II Pars Secunda moderniorum luftrad- 
onum Vigind tabu || lis/ velud fiipplemen- 
tum quoddam andquitads obfo || let^/ fiio 
loco quf vel abftrufa/ vel erronea vide- 
ban- II tur refolutifiime pandit. || Adnexo ad 
finem tractatu ficud ledu iucundifiimo/ 1| 
ita & utilifilmo de varijs moribus & ridbus 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Ammcmm. 135 

gen-lldum: eonindemcp ac localium no- 1513* 
minii originibus. || Breuis condnentia Libri.|| ■""""■ 
Oppida/ regna/ lacus/ montes/ & f quora/ 
filuas/ II Ac nominum mores hie Ptolem^us 
habet. || Cum grada & priuilegio Imperi- 
ali II per 4 annos. II 

CtUfhen, r/r/# 0/ tbi avintj-sefni Urf: 

XII. II PrefTus hie Ptolemf us Argendn^ vigi- 
landflima eafti- 1| gadone/ induftriacj loan- 
nis Sehotd ur- || bis indigent . || regnante 


*^ Large folio, title one letf + o&e unnumbered leaf + leaves 
numbered from 5 to 60 + fifteen unnumbered leaves for the 
index + twenty-six maps on double leaves + another title- 
page + twenty maps + fifteen unnumbered leaves for TracU- 
tus di hcis mundL 

(Prirate Ubrir., New York and Owrt Head.) 

The merit of this edition of Ptolemy's Geographia is 
great, for it not only corrects Angelo's translation by 
means of a Greek manuscript until then unknown, but 
it contains twenty new maps ; amonff which the reader 
will notice the first, bearing the title of: orbis typvs 


and presenting on the left of the reader a promontory, 
with five inscriptions, and two islands (viz. : '^ Ifabella 
and Jpagnolla**) ; and the second map, which is headed : 
TABVLA TERRS NovB. The latter is very foil, consider- 
ing the times, as it shows a prolongation of the coast 
from a certain " Rio de cananor*^ to a cape " del mar uji- 
anoy There are not less than sixty names along the 
coast, besides the inscription afterwards so frequently 
reprinted : 

Digitized by 


136 Bibliothica Americana. 

1513* l^tt terra rum atiiacentiiif infulte inuenta eft per 
ittolttmftfl II (attttenfem extnantiato lEtegto ^BSXtWz. 

This inscription is on the section which corresponds 
to what we now call Yucatan, and is followed by the 


These two maps acquire a certain importance from 
the following lines, which we extract from the pre&ce 
on the verso of the second title-page : 

Charta aute Marina/ quam Hydro- 
graphiam vocant/ per Admiralem quondam 
ferenifli. Portugali^* regis Ferdinandi/ c^- 
teros denicj luftratores veriffimis pagra- 
tioibus luftrata. 

This passage has doubtless prompted*^ the opinion 
that the first of the two maps above described had been 
depicted by Columbus himself 

*' Nous voyonsy says SaDtarem% que U carte marine etait appelee 
Carte de PAmiral, ainsi elle fut primitivement dressee par Colomb 
ou par Cabral, mais jamais par Vespuce» car celui-ci n'a pas eu ce 
grade eminent. II parait hors de doute que la carte ainsi designee a 
ete dessinee soit par PAmiral Colombo soit par sea ordres soit d'apres 
ses dccouvcrtes.** 

Kloss' calls this edition " Ed, ix." 

Dirut referencii s ( FABRicnrt, BiUiotkita GrsttSy Vol. t, page 275. 
J Pamsei, jfammlet Tffogr,^ Vol. Ti, page 60. 
I Raidzl, Cowtment, critic9'Iit» dt C. Ffl, page 56. 
HorrMANN, Bikliogr, Lexicon, Vol. iii, page 317. 
Humboldt, Examtn Critique, Vol. it, page 109. 
Lklbwzl, Ghgr, du Moyen^Are, YoL 11, pages 1 57-1 60. 
Mapoteca Ceiomkiaws, No. 3, ror the tutement that ** en la edicion 
de Ldndrei de 1535 [L701U?] te halla ette mitmo mapa con 
alganai modificaciones reducida &. 36. 395.** 
BsAUPai, Reckerchet tmr Plmprim, em Lerraine, page S3. 
OaABtsiy Triter, Vol. T, page 501, lUtes that "Dana qoelquet 
exemplairei la touacription de la teconde partie est datfe 1512.** 
Brvnxt, yd. T, coU 955. 

' Ferdinand of Spain it evidently in- * Reckerchet ear Americ f^espuce et tet 
tended, at Ferdinand of Portugal died Oc- vejages, p. 165. 
tober 2id, 1383. ' Catilogue, p. 137, No. 3311. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 137 

7 5, CATANEO {J. M.y-WitbiM mm $msmiMtid k§rdir t '5^4* 

10 : MAll 

Virs* tftbi Htlt-fsgt: 

Data Roma calendis Febniarii. M.D. 

CiUpiiM : 

€ ImprefTum Romas apud lacobum Ma- 
ze- II chium Ro. Acad, bibliopolam. 

*^* 4to, /Mr/ SMM4, eleven unnambered leaves + one blank. 

(Bridth Mweum.) 

Cataneo was a clergyman of greater classical attain- 
ments than poetical genius. A native of Novarra', he 
died at Rome in 1^29% rich, envied, and was secretly 
buried by his enemies, who wished to enjoy, under his 
name, the emoluments arising firom his benefices. The 
touching epitaph composed on that occasion by one 
Mirteus' is well known. 

Cataneo wrote at the request of his bene^tor, Car- 
dinal Bendinelli, a Genoese, a poem in praise of the city 
of Genoa, which is the present, and contains some verses 
concerning Columbus and his voyages. 

Dirtii refertMcts : ( SihIiptJkeea HeherioMS, Pirt i. No. 1476. 
(TroM* Catalogue, 1865, No. x. 

' Vottiuf, ir Hiitoricii Latin,, p. 684. BiogU doctorum yirorum. In the Italian 

* MoKBU, Dicthnnsire, Vol. ix, p. 204. trantladon before ui (Venice^ ifloio, 1558) 

* The epitaph it to be found in JoTivt, it it on p. x66. 


Digitized by 


138 BibHotheca Ammcana. 

^5^4* 7"* ABBRTVS MdONVS-TANNSTXTTRR— Within * hrd*r : 

Habes in hac pagina. Amice le/ 1| dor. 
ALBERTI MAGNI II Germani principis 
philofophi. II De natura locoru. Libru mirajj 
eruditioe & fingulari fhige re/ 1| pertu, & 
iam primu, summa diligetia reuifum/ in 
lucem II sditu/ que legis dilige/ II dus/ fi uel 
Cofmogra/ II phia uel Phifica p.feciffe te 
uo- II lueris. II 


Excufum VIENnae Auftris . Mens . 
Mar . M.D. XIIII. y Opera HIEROnymi 
Vidoris & lOAN . Sin/||grenii Socio^, di- 
ligendu imprefTo^ . Impe- || fis uero LE- 
onhardi & LVcae Alantie U fratrum Ciuium 
Viennenfiu. || Imperante Diuo MAXIMI- 
LIANO Caefare Aug.||P. F. P. P.H 

*^ Ato^ fifty-two annombered leaves ; large woodcut, representing 
five imperial sliields, on the verso of the lut leaf. 

(Brtdth Mosemn.) 

First edition given by Georges Tannstetter, sometimes 
called CoUimitius, and interesting to the American col- 
lector on account of the following marginal note, which 
seems to have been inserted with movable type after the 
book had been printed. 

Ricto •ftbi Ust krfm sigMtun e : 

Ecce cocludit || vltra eqno6ti || ale. 50. 
gradi || bus terrS effe || habitabile cp|| Vefpu- 

Digitized by 


BiblUtheea Amerieana. 139 

tius fu II pioribus an- || nis in fuis na || uiga- I5'4» 
donibus || inuenit & de- 1| fcripfit.* ■^■^" 

77. iDxu 0PU3-" De Natura Locorum, edcnte 
Gcorg. Faunftelter {sic). 

"EJ.ii Argentorati, Math. Schurer, &c., 1514, 4to. 
v^«- 73. 3h [Panzer]." 

(Klon C*tilo(ae.>) 

Owing to the want of liberality exhibited by narrow- 
minded owners of the Amtales of Panzer in New York 
and Philadelphia, we are unable to ascertain in what re- 
spects the present edition differs from the following, and 
whether there is not an error in the imprint as to the date. 

78. IDEM OPUS— mtbin *n tnidmtMtal ttrJtr : ^S^S* 

Habes in hac pagina. Amice lector/ 
AL-II BERTI MAGni Germani pricipis II 
philofophi/ De natura locorum Li || brum 
mira eruditione/ & fingula||ri fruge refertu/ 
& iam primum || fumma diligetia reuifum/ 
in U luce editum/ quem leges diligetius/ vel 
fi Cosmo H graphia vel Phyfica || profecifle 
te vo- n lueris. n 

Ctltfbon : 

Argentorati. Ex Aedibus Matthias Schu- 

* jingiici: Lo! he concludes that beyond smacks of heresy, if we may judge from 

the eclipticy in the 50th degree, that region certain passages in the works of many of 

which Vespudus in his voyages in former the fathers, and especially in St. Auovs- 

years discovered and deKribed, was habit- tini, De Civitate Dei, xvi, 9. 

able. ' Page 7, No. 70 ; and Grasssi, Triser, 

This opinion from Albertus Magnus Vol. i, p. 55. 

Digitized by 


140 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 515. rerij n Menfe lanuario. MD.XV. llDuAu 
=™™*™ Leonhardi, & Lucae Alantfe fratrum. 

♦^* 4to, forty-three letves numbered on the recto. Below the 
colophon t woodcut representing two griffini supporting t 

(Britith Mttfeum.) 

** Dtns I'edition de Strasbourg dont je me sers, et qui tparu troit 
ans aprcs la mort d' Amerigo Vespucci, I'editeur, George Tanstetter, 
est si emerveille des conjectures d' Albert le Grand sur les terres de 
rhemisphere austral, habit6 jusqu'au 50* d^gre de latitude, qu'il y re- 
connait une proph6tie accomplie par la navigation d' Amerigo Ves- 
pucci." (Humboldt*.) 

79. ALBRRTiNJ {FRANCIS, DR)—^^ De itiirabilibus novae 
& veteris Urbis Romae, & de Laudibus Civitatum 
Florentiae & Sauonae. Romae 151 5. ap. Jac. Mazochium 

in 4tO.*' (CLBMKMTt.) 

See supra, No. 64* 

8 O. SCHONRR {JOHNy-'Ricto of tbi first liaf: 

liiatUnttfirtmai qno^^a n 

xnxu totiutf )iefct{ptio: cfi xm\Xi% btUiffimist <Eto£s|| 
mographiae iniciis. Nouacp & q ante fuit 
verior Europas noftrae forma- || tio. Praeterea, 
Fluuioru : montiu : prouintiaru : Vrbiu : & 
gentium qpluri- moru vetuftiflima no- 

* Examtn Crilijut, Vol. I, p. 57. VouiDt, Jt Hitur. Latin., p. 67a, and 

> Biiliclkifut Curituu, Vol. I, p. I»I ; Oallarini'i Caul., Rome, 1S56, No. (95. 

Digitized by 


BibUetheea Americana. 141 

mina recentioribus admixta vocabulis. Mul- 1 5 ' 5* 
ta etia H quae diligens lector noua vfuicj fii- "~~" 
tura inueniet. || 

Then an epigram, in eight lines, from John Hiltner, followed by 

(Etutn ^tittUegio JnuUtif. tEtotnanotft Jtnpeta. 
jnoJcitnUiani pet ®cto anno0 : ne quto imprimat : 
a«t iwfximnt ptontvet tfiti\tt% 1)00 : ntm <9lo1)i0 
Cofino8ta|)1){ds : ful) mulcta ((ttinquaginta (lore- 
nointtn Ifleneii. et amiffione omniil exemplatitttn. || 

C$l»pbiB inrtctt tfliaff)^ : 

\ Impreflum Noribergae i excuforia offi- 
cina II loannis StuchfTen. Anno domini. 

*^* 4tOy title one, with trms on the verso -{- eleven unnumbered 
preliminary leaves -{- one unnumbered leaf with woodcut rep- 
resenting a large globe on a stand ; then sixty-five numbered 

(Private Libr., New York, Brooklyn, and Harvard Coll. Libr.) 

"Jean ScHdNBR>ne 1477 i {Cftrlstiidt en Frankonie, vir rtrum matbi- 
maticarum excellens (Apiani cosmogr. II. p. 33), cultivant la science 
I Bambergy commen9a \ fabriquer les globes\ A cet effet, en 1515, 
il publia un ouvrage [the above]. 11 y confectionna en 1520, aux 
depends de Jean Sevier, un globe du diametre de z, 8 pieds de Paris. 
Appele en 1526 k Nuremberg, comme professeur, il y transporta son 
globe, qui v est encore. En 1532, fabriquant un globe pour le due 
de Saxe, il publia deux nouveaux renseignements sur I'utilite des 

* Anglici: A most luminous descrip- 
tion of tbe whole earth, together with 
many very useful elements of Cosmography. 
A new and truer description of Europe 
than any of the preceding ones. The 
oldest names of rivers, mountains, cities 
and of most nations, have been compared 
with the recent ones ; the reader will also 
find many other things new and useful to 

With the privilege of the invincible 

Emperor of the Romans, Maximilian, for 
eight years, to the efiect that nobody shall 
print or have any of these books printed 
with the cosmographic globe, under penalty 
of 500 Rhenish florins and the loss of all 
the copies. 

Printed at Nuremberg in the establish- 
ment of John Stuchssen, A. D. 151 5. 

* Copies of which are inserted in Santa- 
rim, Atlat^ No. 1 30; Gnillany, Gtuhickte 
d, Btksim ; and Lilbwbl, Atlmi, 

Digitized by 


14^ Bibliotheca Americaua. 

1 51 5* glo^*« ^1 moarut en 1547 [1567*] et pendant st rie set globes r6- 
i^amamassm pAn^Aient Pimage modernisee de rhabiuble de Ptol6m6e« mva et 
quam ante fuit^ verier Eurefa formatie.^* 


The reader may consult with advantage (especially 
after having read the passages relating to Vespuccius in 
the Opusculum geographicum of the same author, see infra) ^ 
the cap, XI, fol. 60, which b^ns in these words : 

AMERICA fiue Amerigen no- || uus 
mundus : & quarta orbis pars : diAa ab 
eius inuetore Americo Vefputio viro faga- 
cis ingenii : qui earn repent Anno domini. 
1497. In ea funt homines bru tales [sic) . • . 

Dirtct rtftrtnttt : Piiiblo-Barcia, E^tome, Vol. 11, col. 1009 ( ?). 
Panxi*, Annulet hfcgr.. Vol. Tit, page 455. 
DoppBLMATBy V. /, nimbtrg, MatJUmaticit^ pages 45-50. 
Obillamy, Gtuhickte d, Btkuimi^ pages 58, nvte^ and 66, «f.| 

WiLi^ Number^, GtUhrtenltxicon^ Vol ill. 
Bihiiotkiea Brewcrtisna^ — . 
Butsch Catalogue, Nos. 396 and 397. 
BiVKBTy Vol. Yf co!. 216. 

O 1 • IDEM OPUS^Mrmettntmg a large glebe en a stand: 


At the bottom of the p^ge : 

Hexaftichon loannis Coclei in libellum || 

Followed by six verses in small Gothic. 

* Votsnrsy dt Natura jfrtimm. Lib. iii, lbr, ^/i/9rM ^sfrM0iii/> ( Wittenberg, 410, 

p. 126$ and, if our memory serves us 1741). 

right, in Oassbm Di, Plt^ BrsJkeri, C§per^ • Ghgrapkie dn Moyen-j^e, Vol. 11, 

n/ri, ftc. (Paris, 4to, 1655), and Wbid- page 176. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotbeea Americana. 143 

Recto •ffolU 65 : 1 5 1 5* 

nis Schoner: omnes Aftrorum imagines 
continente : || aliquot verfus loannis Hilt- 

Followed by eight lines of poetry and 

1 ImprefTum Noribergae i excuforia oifi- 
cina 8 loannis Stuchflen. Anno domini. 

*j^* Sm. 4to, title one + sixty-five numbered leaves. On recto of. 
folio i6« another woodcut of a globe on a stand. It contains 
two tracts; the first ends on verso of folio 14. 

(Private Library, Washington city.) 

We insert this title, not to convey the impression 
that it belongs to a work different firom the above, but 
simply because it is one of the forms in which the Lu- 
culentissima is sometimes found. This is only the above 
No. 80, but without the first title and without the eleven 
unnumbered preliminary leaves. 

82. KEUCH (GEORGBsy-^^ Margaritha Philofophica 
nova cui annexa funt fequentia Grecarum literarum in- 
ftitutiones Hebraicarum literarum rudimenta Architec- 
ture rudimenta Quadrantum varie compofitiones . Af- 
trolabii novi geographici compofitio . Formatio Tor- 
queti . Formatio Polimetri. Vfus et utilitas eorundem 
omnium . Figura quadrantis poliginalis Quadrantura 
circuli. Cubatio fphere. Perfpectiue phyfice et pofitive 
rudimenta . Cartha univerfalis terre marifque formam 
neoterica defcriptione indicans. In fine: Accipe candide 

Digitized by 


144 Bibliotheea Americana. 

I^I^, lector Margaritam Philofophicam jam denuo regnonl- 

"=^^™™ tarn. Cum qui te bene valere induftrius vir Joannes 

Graningerus operis excufor et optat et precatur. Ex 

Argentoraco Veteri Nona Kalendas Februarias. Anno r^ 

dempHonis noftre decimo quinto/upra mille quingentos . Sequi- 

tur Appendix. Graecarum literarum inJHtutioneSy i^c. ut 

Supra . 4. 

" Gejnery p. 61 . Thott . vn . p , 159 . Collectio noftra^ 


Our readers are doubtless aware that the present is 
the well-known encyclopedia, first published as early as 
1496*, by the Carthusian Prior Georges Reisch, who 
lived at Freiburg and was the Emperor Maximilian's 
confessor'. The popularity which that work enjoyed in 
the early part of tne sixteenth century, renders it neces- 
sary to ascertain what geographical notions in regard to 
the new world the Margaritha was calculated to convey. 
There are editions of Strasburg, by Schott*, and by Gru- 
nigcr^, 4to, 1504; Basle, 1508, 15 17, 15351 &c., but 
we are unable to state whether all of these contain maps. 
We found none in the Freiburg edition of 1503, but 
there seems to be a very important map, in the edition 
which heads the present notice. 

" Auf der Karte bei Reisch, stys Kunstmann*, ist Amerika ah Fest- 
land von 75** N.B. bis 55® S. B. gczcichnct. Die KOstc vom 75'' 
N. B. bis zum 40^ N. B. fuhrt den auffkllenden Namen Z9dna Mi- 
la';' &c., &c. 

* Aunslti Typ9gr, Vol. Yi, p. 69, No. * Dit Bntdeckitng A^urikss. Nmck itm 
353. altesten Slmdlen leukUktlick dmrgttitU f 

' Hain, Repertprium^ No. 13852. Munich, 4x0, 1859, p. 131 

' WiLLUy Jiltts Mus mIUh TkiiUm der "* AmgUci : On the map in Reisch, 

Gfsck.^ ChemnitXy 8to, 1760-66, Vol. 1. America it drawn at a continent from 75^ 

* Ubri catal.y for 1861, No. 6171. N. L. to 55^ S. L. The coast firom 75^ 

* Leif%ig. Litt, Zeitung fat Febr. 1804, N. L. to 40^ N. L. bean the remarkable 
page 12a. name SSoana Mela, 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 145 

3 • MONTALBODDO-DU RED0UER^Rict9 of the first leaf: ^ 5 ^ 5 • 

Qdl^nftiQti^ Uiw iitt^att iii5- 
W t iM-iinijatiimd: f(ii-« 

ctess par Smetic Tie befpuce ^lotnttfit. Bess n pass 
r ifles nottttellemh ttouue^, au pauflt n a no^ in^ 
cdsneut Cant en letl)Uipe 4 arratie B <Etaliel)ttt et 
aulttes plnne)fr0 regions eftrfllliges CrflHate Tie 
Jtalfen en league frfleotfe par matl)ttr{n Tro re^ 
Tiouer Uceneie t% loix. 

Then vignette filling the rest of the ptge, and representing the 
signs of the zodiac; under which, we notice, printed in red: XIX. 

Verso of the fourth leaf: 

®n less bent a pariss en la me nenfue no ftre 
name a lenfeigne He lefcu Tie prance* II 

*^* Sm. 4to, sine anno^ title one leaf + three unnumbered leaves 
+ Lxxxviii numbered leaves, the last of which is marked by 
misuke lxxxx. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

This work is a literal translation, in primitive 
French, of No. 48. The headings, however, differ. 
See the following : 

C <Ets commence le quart Uute He la nattigattd 
faCcte en la met He ponent pat <Et1)t{ftofle colomb 

Brunet is of opinion that the present may be the 
earliest of the editions of Du Redouer's translation, and 
that it was printed " chez Jehan Trepperel ou sa veuve." 
But which of the two Trepperels ? One Jehan Trep- 

Digitized by 


146 BibBoiheca Americana. 

^5^5* P^^ ^^ ^^ '5^^ {Loitin^) or after 1506% or in 1508'. 

H9KH9KB9 Attother Jehan Trepperel printed, also, ^' a lenseigne de 
lescu de france^^ as late as 1531*. As to the widow Trep- 
perel, she continued her husband's business, first in 
single blessedness, and afterwards in partnership with 
Jehan Janot. Her name, according to Brunet', does 
not appear after 1520. 

At all events we ascribe to the present the date of 
1 51 5, simply because Brunet is inclined to consider 
it the earliest of the edidons, and that Galliot du Pre's 
(infra) contains a privily dated January 1516. Leng- 
let du Fresnoy*, however, ascribes to the edition before 
us the date of 15 19. 

Dirict rtftr$neis : ( CAMVt, Mhuirt mr di Bfj^ page 346. 
•I BiMotJkuM OnwviJlimuif — 

\ Buoifrr, Yol. t, col. II59» quotes alto the De Bure lale or cau- 

84. WEM OFUS^Rieti if tbi first iisf: 

SCttfttt)t U Kutt n n^att 
ntnttW tn(iiitti0(ittim0:/(iiii 

ctess par Smetic Hr be^mce ^lotnttinl Bess n pass 
r fHess nottttellemntt ttouulf m yauflt a H no^ tcoii:^ 
sneu^ cat en Iet|)iope 4 aratie coli- U et)ttt|r aulttess 
yliineitYss tegidss efirflgess. xix || 

Then woodcut representing t circle in t tqutre, with the signs of 
the zodiac. 

' Catslipu Ckritol. dts Jihrsiru-imfri' ' Jlffr^nff IJ^ri^i/pei, p. 38, No. 74. 

memrs di Psrh f Parii, 4(0, 1 789. ^ See £« vtmgamee MUn uifrmemr^ printed 

* See the Taiiout editions of Tardiri <* Isn mil cimf ttms treutt tng,** 

Lsrt de fgmleomMerii f and Le mstertdt Is * Mammil^ YoL iii, col. 1970. 

fMsi§n, which was peHbrmed **lsa mIcVf * MkkUt fmr bmditr t*Hi$imrt, Vol. 

cirnt et upt.** iv, page 407. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca AmericMa. 147 

to]) H r fHe en la «lue neufite ^oftte name ptresj — — 
^ainete gene- H uietue Hess atHanss. Jel)an ianiuit.|| 

'^^^ 4to, title, printed in black and red, one leaf + three prelimi- 
nary leaves + lxzzvii numbered leaves, thirty-nine lines to a 
full page. Sine annp, but horn, its great resemblance to the 
above, and the fact that Jehan Janot became the partner of 
TrepperePs widow, we give it a place close to the latter's 

(Bridth Museum and Private Libr., New York, the latter an 
imperfect copy.) 

" Cette Edition ne porte, ni privilege, ni date, en sorte au'il est 
difficile de savoir si elle a precede on suivi celle de Galliot du Pr6 ; 
cependant Jean Janot ne vivait plus en 1522.'* 


Direct rtfkreneu t ( BihlttkiCM OrmviUiMmm^ — . 
Lhfru QirieuXf No. 1 1 9. 
Mmnmil^ Vol. ▼. col. 1 160. 


o^* MAFFBi »f roLTRUi/i—" Qommtntxnomva urban- 
orum Libri xxxviii. Parif. 15 10. f." 

86. IDMMOfVS-RittiiftbtfirttbMft IClb.-f" 

LS lumnfau vMlut et nauigadiras U^u% y 
Smeti( lie Vti^mt flot^fn | Bes || pass et {fles 
nomieUniilt ttottueflauOpataitat a nous ituongs 
nnttlCflt fit le H tl)io)ie $ arattie Calidiitt r aulttes 

* Biklitk, Hise$r,f Vol. I, Part i, p. flSx. Joacr. Vadiami EpittoU retponaorUI, 4(0 

* We find under this date, in Maittaire [A«//f4r] j but we are unable to tute 
[jimsUs, Y6L, II, Part i, p. 267): Rv- whether the Epistle of Vadianus mentioned 
DoLFBi AoKicoLA junioris [who, by the in that work is the same which entitles 
way, should not be mistaken for the great the Tarious editions of Pomponius Mela 
and genuine Rudolph Agricola or Rolef by Vadianus {infrd) to a place in this 
Huysman, who died in 1485, and whose compilation. 

name, in this instance, was assumed by a f As a reference made by Hakluyt 

Frandscan monk called John de Came- (Vol. ifi, p. 6) might lead the reader to 

rino], ad JoACHtMUM VADiAitvM Epistola consider Robert Fabian*s Annals or Chron- 

de locorum nonnullorum obscuritate cum icies as a work belonging to the BiUi§tkt€m 

Digitized by 


148 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1516. piu II fteuttf tegionis efttangeslCtannate He Uolim 
en league II fcancosfe pai: ^ttutin Hu teHouet 

Then spirited woodcut' representing a vessel, with tlie motto : 
voGVE LA ovALLEB and the words: galliot . dv . pre, followed by 

€ Jmpirime a llatto pout Ololliot )i« {itelmatf 
d)ant U- II ^xsXxt Hnnoutant fust le pont noftre name | 
a lenfeigne Iielllagalleejasant fa iSoutique en U 
gtann falle Hu ^aUass I an feeon) liUliet. H 


8vo, /!>/ anno (but the privilege is dated Jan. ioth» 1516); 
title one leaf + five preliminary leaves + cxxxii numbered 

(Prirate Librar., New York, ProTidence, tn4 Harvard Coll. Libr.) 

" La Croix du Maine a indiqa6* cet ouvrage comme imprime a 
Paris par Galiot du Pre en 1516.'' 


Galliot Du Pre, printed at Paris, according to the 
Marques Typographiques from 151 2 to 1559, yet we know 
of a Palmerin iT Olive with his imprint, dated 1572. We 
find the same woodcut both in the present Du Redouer 
and in the edition of Alain Bouchard's CroniqueSy pub- 
lished in 1531, when Du Pre was in partnership with 
Jehan Petit, 

Direct refirtwcest 


TsaNAUX, BihIiotAifui AmericMtiu, No. 17. 

BiMotkica Hthtriana^ Part ix, No. 3118. 

Bihliotkitm Brpwuhns^ No. 13. 

La Vallierey Aiin£ Martin, Eyriet and Eatling Catalogue!. 

BaoNrr/Yol. v, col. 11 59. 

Americana^ we mutt state that Pynton*< 
edition (1516, Ave yean after Fabian*< 
death), which it the first, reaches only to 
the year 1495. That date it early enough, 
we grant, to admit of at least a reference 
to the New World ; but we ^led to find, 
either in that edition or in Rattall*i(i533) 
which containt a continuation, a single 
line germane to the subject. Hakluyt*s 
reference to Sebastian Cabot*s << first dis- 

coverie of part of the Indies,** seems to 
hare been taken from a continuation by 
Fabian himself, mentioned by Stow, but 
never published. (See chap. ▼, and appendix 
A, in Biddle*s Memoir ofSehmstiam CM^r,) 

> Republished in the Marquet Tyfogra- 
pkiquet^ Paris, 8vo, 1853, p. 24, No. 47. 

^ Biilietkefuet JroMfoises, Paris, 177a- 

73j Vol. II, p. 119- 

* Mhuirei tur de Bry, p. 346, mote. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana, 149 

87. yBSRUCCIUS {AMBRICUS ^Ricto of tbi first Uaf: I C 1 6. 

itWt if 0k %wxmMt 
\xm&it iti <|tttttfe0 

Then the woodcut which adorns the title-page of the second edi- 
tion of the Dtti poem {supra, page 30) en c$ntre kfnnve. 

^^ 4to, sine anno ant loco, sixteen unnumbered leaves, forty lines 
in a full page ; text in Roman characters ; signatures a. ii» 
a. iii 4- three blanks ; b. i« b. ii, b. iii 4- three blanks ; c. i, 
c. ii 4- two blanks. The last three lines on the verso of the 
last leaf read: 

Data in Lifbona a di 4. di || Septembre 
1 504. II Seruitore Amerigo Vefpucci in Lif- 
bona. II 

On the verso of the eighth leaf there is a colophon : 

C Finifce elprimo Viaggio. || <E Comincio 
el fecondo. || 

On the top of the recto of the ninth leaf, a rude woodcut repre- 
senting two vessels with tlielr crews. On the recto of the twelfth 
leafy a second colophon : 

C! Finito elfecondo Viaggio. j| (T Comencia 
el terzo. || 

On the verso of the same twelfth leaf, a woodcut representing a 
vessel at sea. On the recto of the fifteenth leaf, a third colophon : 

C Quarto Via^io || 

Beneath which, a woodcut representing a vessel entering a harbor. 
There is a fifth woodcut, which is only a repetition of that which 
adorns the title, we think. 

(British Miueuni.) 

Digitized by 



Bibtiotheca Americana. 

1516. From the hct that the present was printed with the 
MiB^MMs same type as the Corsali letter of Stephano di Carlo da 
Pavia, Florence, 15 16, and is of the same size (but 
with some difference in the texture of the paper), and 
that a cop^ of this Corsali letter was once found bound 
in its original binding with this VespucciuSy we ascribe to 
the latter the date of 15 16. It is this work which we 
quote {supray page 62) under the title of Grenville codex. 

«« Oovrage ezcessivement nure> qui> m Vt-on wuxiti, ne te troave 
point I la biblioth^ae imp6riale de France [1810] Let bibliographes 
n'en font point mention ; il n'a €t€ ixti, dit-on« qu'i dix exemplaires 
pour les dix touverains de PEorope [ ? ] J'en ai vo an chez M. Pabb^ 
de Billy^ amateor tr^s-^lair6« qui poss^e on cabinet infiniment 
curieux I Be8an9on; cet exemplaire, bien con8enr6> est sup^rieore- 
ment reli6 en maroquin rouge [like the Grenville copy], par Bozerian ; 
ton possesseur le croit unique. La demi^re lettre de Vespuce est 
dat6e du 4 Septembre 1 504. La tuivante aui termine ce livret, ett 
d*Andr6 Corsali/ adre8s6e k Jules de M6dicis. Ce Corsali, lien- 
tenant d*Am6rique Vespuce [?] prit le commandement de la flotte 
apr^ le dec^s de celni-d, i llle Tercere [ ?]> en 1514 [?]. Cette 
lettre est dat^e de 1515, et elle a 6t6 imprim6e» ainsi qu'il est dit i la 
fin, le II decembre de 1516, i Florence, par lo. Stephano di Carlo 
da Pavia. L'ouvrage tout entier parait avoir et6 imprim6 en mtoe 

terns." (Piioiwr*.) 

Dhrtet rt f kr t mt u t 


Reftrfirt^ page 130. 

BibiloikecM OremviilimHm^ page 764. 

BiMoUeem HdeHsmSf Part ti, No. 3848. 

NAPioifi, Appendii to the tU^omswunf^ pp. 107-11 5. 

EauT, DietiMMfy, No. fl354A. 

TBaMAOZ, BiUitJkifmi Amhicmne^ No. 5. 

Biviirr, Vol. ▼, col. 1154. 

' It b scarcely necenary to a4d that 
these Conali letters do not refer in any 
manner to America : they belong ex- 
dnsiTely to the Biili^tJk^mi AuMiipie. 
Andrew Corsali may have known YeipiiC' 
cius, as he was also a Florentine by birth, 
and in the employ of King Emannel of 
Portogal, but he never vidted the New 
World, nor did he ever hold the position 
of ** Laentenant d*Am6rique Yespuce.** 
Corsali*s letters are addressed to Julian 
and Laurent de Medicis, but describe only 
the East Indies, China, Cochin-China, ftc. 
The only copies known, we beliere, are in 

the British Museum, and as we happen to 
have a fiuthful transcript of one of them, 
we beg lea?e to insert in this place a 
literal copy of the title t 

DB MB II MCI DVCA || imiBI- || MO. | BZ 

Eb India ^uintddedmo kL octob. m.d. 
xm. II p. D. 111. Ser. An. Corsalios. 

%^ 4to for stse, signatures ^ ^, c, each 
in dghts, d^ in four; which, with the 
title, make twenty- nine leaves $ although 

Digitized by 


BiiUotheea AmmcMui. 151 

88. MARTnt (fXTBR)—Witbm a btritr: I 5 1 6. 

loannes ruflus foroliuienfis Archiepus 
Cofentiyn^: legata' apo. ad leAore de orbe 
nouo. II Accipe non noti praeclara uolumina 
mundi || Oceani : &; magnas nofcito led'or 
opes. II Plurima debetur typhis tibi gratia : 
gentes || Ignotas : & aues qui uehis orbe 
nouo. II Magna quo(^ autori referenda eft 
gratia noftro : Qui facit haec cunctis regna 
uidenda locis. || Autor. || Sifte pedem ledror : 
breuibus compadra libellis|| Haec lege: prin- 
cipibus uariis de cimoc^ leoni || Pontifici 
fummo infcripta. hie noua multa uidebis. || 
Oceani magnas terras : uafta aequora : lin- 
guas II Hadenus ignoftas: at(^ aurea fxcula 
nofces : 1| Et gentes nudas expertes feminis 
atri : Mortiferi nummi : gemmifc^ auro(^ 
feracem || Torrentem zonam : parcat uene- 
randa uetuftas. || 

Cohfbtn : 

Cura & diligentia uiri Celebris Magiftri 
Antonii Ne- || briflenfis hiftoriciregii fiie- 

we have teen ic tUted that there should oot catchwords. It is the other let- 
be thirty : ** an inralttable blank leaP* ter of Conali, addressed to Jnliano de 
(which, however, we cannot, at soch a Medici, which bears Stephano di Car- 
dittance, connect with the lart signature) lo*s colophon, and that was bound with 
being, we suppose, that great disiderstum, the abore Italian Vespuccius in the He- 
The teit is in Roman characters, with- ber collection. 

Digitized by 



BihHotheca America$ui. 

1516. runt iia tres protono || tarii Petri martyris 
■=^=~ decades Impreflie in || contubernio Arnaldi 
Guillelmi in || Illuftri oppido carpetanse 
pui II cia copluto quod uulgari || ter dicitur 
Alcala pfe || Au eft nonis No || uebris An. || 

*jjj* Folio, title one leaf -|- sixty-two unnumbered lea'-es -(- one 
unnumbered leaf + one blank + three leaves for the /'ocabula 
barbara -|- sixteen leaves for the Legati&nis Babilonica, Text 
in Roman characters. 

(Private Libmr., New York and Providence.) 

The edition of the first decade of Peter Martyr, 
printed at Seville in 151 1 (supra. No. 66), had been 
published, as it seems, contrary to his wishes', and con- 
tained only the first nine books of the first decade (the 
portion which, on the recto of the forty-first leaf, bears 
the title of Occean, decadis libri f)ecimus, is only a short 
dissertation Be superstitionibus insularium solutum per se 
libellum). In 1508, he wrote for Mendoza de Tendilla, 
a genuine Lib. x, which completes the first decade 
in the edition before us, while the xth of the edition 
of 151 1 is added to the ixth. We know that Pope 
Leo X was so charmed with Peter Martyr's Decade 

* Anglic} t John Rafias of Forli, Arch- 
bishop of Cosenza, apostolic legate to the 
reader, touching the new world. 

Accept these exquisite volumes concern- 
ing the new world, and learn, O reader ! 
of the great treasures of the Ocean. The 
greatest gratitude is due to the pilot 
[ IV^vf ?] ; Thee who earnest unknown na- 
tions and birds to the new world. Great 
thanks are also due to our author, who shows 
all those kingdoms in their places. The 
Author. Reader, stop, read what is con- 
tained in this short work, inscribed to 
diffisrent princes, and to Pope Leo X. Here 
you will see many new things of the Ocean, 
great countries, vast seas ; you will learn 
of hitherto unknown languages, and of 

golden ages and of narions finee from the 
corrupting influence of money $ of the tor- 
rid sone, fertile in precious stones and 
gold, respect the venerable antiquity. 

Decades of the new world. 

By the care and industry of the cele- 
brated master Anthony of Nebris, these 
three decades of the historian and pro- 
thonotary, Peter Martyr, were printed in 
the office of Arnold William in the cele- 
brated city, which is commonly called Al- 
cala. Finished, November 9th, 1516. 

1 « Duas decades addidi primse quae me 
inconsulto praelis fiiit ImprefTorum expo- 
sita.** Epistle to Charles V, dated Sep- 
tember 30th, 1 5 1 6, in the present collec- 
tion of the three Decades. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana, 153 

that he read it to his sister and to the cardinals " after I5*^^ 
supper, Serena frontey and to satiety, until late in the ^asmmmmmm 
night*," and are not surprised, therefore, to learn that 
this enlightened Pope instructed Bottrigari, his Em- 
bassador to the Court of Spain, to request the inter- 
esting annalist to continue his Oceanics. It is in con- 
seauence of this request that the second decade was 
written, December 14th, 15 14, and the third, partly in 
March, 105, remitting the manuscript to the printer 
only fin the 14th of October, 15 16, owing to his wish 
to insert the news which had just been brought to him 
by one Roderick Colmenares. The present No. 88 is 
this edition : the earliest that xontains the first three 

<«Brunet mentioDs an edition of Madrid, 151^ [' Matriti,' 4th ed.» 
Vol. V, No. 28479], as beint noticed in the Catalogue of the College 
of Clermont, which is probably the same book as this, the dedica- 
tion to Charles V. being dated from Madrid, pridie kl. Deto. 15 16." 

(Bihlhtkttm GreM^itliama.) 

It would prove interesting to compare these three 
decades with the letters of Peter Martyr, which treat of 
the New World, and dated to the year 1516, for the 
purpose of ascertaining whether there are any variations 
in the statements of facts. Peter Martyr has been 
charged with antedating his letters for the purpose of 
acquiring the reputation of a sagacious seer ; but as 
— according to juan Vergara'— our author wrote with 
such rapidity that he had frequently been seen to pen 
two epistles while the table was being set, he may have 
given different versions of the same occurrences. 

Direct re/ermcis: ( Tkbnaux, BiMotkifue jimericaimt. No. 1 8. 

-j £iSftT, Dictionary^ No. 1 3311, for a repetition of the imaginary 
I title, <* Matriti, 151 6.** 
BauNBT, Vol. I, col. 293. 
Geabmb, Vol. I, page 119. 
Bibliotkcca Grcnvilliaiia, page %6, 
Bihliotheca Hehcrimna^ Part 1, No. 5558. 
Bihliothecm Brownianm^ No. 24. 

* p^ ir^/i/oiWr»iii (edit, of 1670), Let- * apud Antonio, Bihliotheca Hiipan, 
ter No. 56a, page 310. Nova^ Vol. 11, page 37a. 


Digitized by 


154 BiUUtheca Awurieamt. 

1516* 88. omSTtSUNt (jtvO.)—WitUa • Ughff •rasmnttd hrdtr: 

Pfalterium, Hebrf um, Gr^cu, 
Arabicu, 6c Chaldf u, cu tribus 
latinis iterptatoibus & glof&s. 

o» ••aiy "•jsni"' nay o-iionn 

taArifpiov ktpuiKhv iy^vtxdv, Apm 
6icdv Kal xaXitkl^hv fttri rptuv ip 
H^v6uv XartviKuv xal yXuaytiftdruv, 






Impreflit miro ingenio, Petnis Paulus 
Pomis, genus in sdibus Nicolai lufti 
niani Pauli, praefidente reipub. genuenfi 

Digitized by 



Bit£0th€ca AmirUoHd. 155 

pro SereniiCmo Franco^ R^e> preftan || ti 15 16. 
viro Odauiano Fulgofo, anno cnriftia || ne — ■ 
faludsy millefimo quingentefimo fex||tode- 
cimo menfe. Vllllbii. 

C$l§pb§n» under s Uttir P $n esch sidi 9fsm 9mi9m: 

Petrus Paulus Forms Medio || lanenfis, 
Taurini degens.* 

\* Polio for size, bat the tijpatnret read : one blank, then A ii, 
A iii, A iiii, A iu then five blanks, B, B ii, B iii, B iiii, then 
four blanks, and so on through the register, which does not 
contain a single folio signature. Title one leaf 4- four leaves 
containing an epistle mm Jacobus Antiquarius addressed to 
Giustinianl, dated Milan, viii itfZr*. sprUis 1516 ; a pre&ce by 
Giustiniani addressed to Pope Leo X, dated Genoa, CmU Jug. 
1 506 ; which preface is repeated in Hebrew, Chaldean, Greek, 
and Arabic. Then the text in one hundred and ninety-nine 
unnumbered leares. 

(Prhrate LiW^ New York, Bfpoklyn, Proridcncc, Owrt H^U^ 
aa4 in many other Americtn libnirict.) 

Agostino, or Pantaleone' Giustiniani, was born in 
Genoa in 1470.* When only fourteen years of age he was 
kidnapped, notwithstanding his aristocratic parentage, 
and sent to Valencia, in Spain, from which place he re- 
turned to Italy in 1488, to join the order of the Domini- 
cans. He soon acquired an extensive reputation for his 
treat learning, especially in the Oriental languages, which 
e taught until he was made Bishop of Nebbio, in Cor- 
sica, November 1 5th, 1 5 14'. At the request of Francis I, 

•jUilicif The Hebiew Ptelter, co- 
gether with three Letin interpreutiont 
and f loMet. 

Printed with wonderful skill by Peter- 
Paal-Pormt of Genoe, in the hooM of 
NichoUt Justinian Paolns, under the ex- 
cellent Octavius Fol|Oio, President of the 
Republic of Genoa in the name of the 
mote illustrious Kinf of France. In the 

year of th« Christian Salvation I $16, Oc- 
tober 9th. Peter Paul Porrus of Milan, 
rssiding at Turin. 

* Ziico in FoNTANiNi, Bihlitkecs Its/' 
/tfiM, Vol. II, p. 131. 

* UOHSLLI, Its/is SstrSt Vol. IT, p. 4I I. 

* QotTiF It EoMAD, Scriutret tMmb 
FrgtMcsfntm reeeatitf Paris, 1719-AI, 
Vol. If, p. 96. 

Digitized by 


156 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 5 1 6« who had lately founded the literary institution since so 
■^H^sH famous under the name of Collige de France^ Giustiniani 
removed to Paris to fill the chair of Hebrew*, which he 
occupied four or five years, visiting, occasionally, Hol- 
land, where he acquired the personal friendship of Eras- 
mus, and England, where tlenry VI H and Thomas 
More bestow^ upon him flattering marks of^ attention. 
He died before 1530* or in 1536^ at sea, but whether 
by the hands of pirates^ or by shipwreck is not known. 
Giustiniani is the author of a number of valuable works', 
which should not be ascribed to the Genoese prelate of 
the same name mentioned by Soprani^ 

Benevolent, patriotic, and disinterested, Augustine 
Giustiniani yet suffered persecutions at ^11 hands'"". De- 
voting all his energies, means, and talents to the prose- 
cution of a work which was destined to redound to the 
credit of the community in which he lived, his efforts 
were neither appreciated nor rewarded. The circum- 
stances connected with the publication of Giustiniani's 
Polyglot Psalter are fraught with wholesome teachings. 
Prompted by a desire to promote learning and conscien- 
tious investigations, Giustiniani, after elucidating the 
texts of Job, Plato, Xenophon, and Maiiponides, con- 
centrated all his powers on a laborious, diflicult, but 
necessary edition of King David's Psalter, in the He- 
brew, Chaldean, Greek, Arabic and Latin languages. 
It was the initiatory step towards the first publication 

* Giustiniani it itiU gratefully remem- 
bered by the Paris students as the Jirtt 
professor appointed to the professorship of 
Hebrew in their favorite college. But our 
impression is that Paolo Paradisio, others 
wise called Lt Camuu received the first 
appointment. (&e*Ooujrr, Mem, tur U 
Cttlige de France, Vol. i.) The Dinio- 
Horio S. degli ami, eeclet., Venice, 8vo, 
1 769,, Vol. II, p. 323, states, however, 
that Giustiniani was the first incumbent 

* Vottitfs, de Historieh Latinit, Lib. ill, 
p. 681. 

* MicHAKL GiusTiNiAifi, gH Sertturi 
Liimri [Rome, 4to, 1667], p. 18, quoted 

by Batlb, Diethmmmire, Vol. ri, ptge 906, 

^ Govio, de gH Bvemi Fmwnti, p. S44. 
(We must apologise for quoting so fre- 
quently Paul Jovius* Eulogies in Orto*s 
venion^- Venice, iimo, 1558, — but we 
have not yet succeeded in securing for con- 
stant use a copy of the original.) 

* TiKABOSCMi, Sleria dtlla Lett, Itmiiema, 
Vol. Tii, pp. 144 and 403. 

* Scrittori deila Ligmrisf Genoa, 410, 
1667, p. 6. 

** The PMlter was prohibited and con- 
fiscated by the civil (?) authorities of 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana, 


of a polyglot edition of the entire Bible printed with 1516. 
the types oelonging to each version. In a community sbhbbhh 
abandoned to the lust of lucre, it is scarcely necessary to 
say that the undertaking was viewed with supine indif- 
ference. Giustiniani persevered, but there were ob- 
stacles which it was beyond his power to surmount; 
and although all knew that he wished nothing for 
himself, his appeals remained unheeded". He caused 
two thousand copies of the Psalter to be printed on 
paper, and fifty on vellum'*. Not one fourth of the 
edition found purchasers". His exertions, his sacrifices, 
his solicitude even, so far from commanding respect, 
were treated with taunts and sarcasm'*. Centuries have 
now elapsed; and although the ^otism and bigotry 
exhibited by Giustiniani's contemporaries still find apol- 
ogists and imitators, his polyglot Psalter remains — a 
great monument of his learning, perseverance, and 
devotion ! 

It is this Psalter which entitles the unfortunate Bishop 
of Nebbio to a place in our American gallery. Remem- 

" Two tchoUrs, Jacob Funiiut and 
Bapdsta Ggala, aided hinii however, to 
the extent of their abilitiet. See note to 
Pnlm Lzximi. We feel tempted to 
think that the well-known venea of Vir- 
gil: ** NoH igmars wudi miseris tuccmrrtrt 
iu9^** may be quoted aa an explanation 
lor the prodered assiatance. Withal, let 
it be said that Ghntiniani wat not com- 
pelled to go begging from door to door, 
almoet always in vain, for permittion to 
consult books which remained Untouched 
and uncut in the handa of their owners. 
One of his ancestors, Andreolo Giustiniani, 
had left him a valuable library, which he 
afterwards bequeathed to the city of Ge- 
noa. It has since disappeared. 

" Lblono, Di$c9ur» hitfrifmt mr Ui 
Biklu fljil9it$M I Paris, iimo, I7I3» 
pp. 3» and 319. 

'* The following pastap is really touch- 

** Feci ttampar in Genoa alle mie spese 
con quel trauaglio, U c6 qnella spesa, che 
ogni literato puo gindicare doa millia vol- 

umi del Dauidico ptalterio in le predette 
cinque lingue, paredomi di questa opera 
doner acquistar gran laudte U n6 mediocre 
quadagno, il quale pensauo di esporre in 
la suuentione di certi miei parenti ch*erano 
bisognosi, credendomi sempre che Topera 
doueasi hauere assai grande vscia, U che i • 
prelati richi, o i Principi si douessero mo- 
uere It mi douessero aggiutare i la spesa di 
^re imprimere il resunte della biblia in 
quella varieU di Ungue, ma la credulita 
mia resto ingannita, p che Topera fo da 
ciascaduno laudau, ma lassata riposare & 
dormire, p che a pena si sono venduti la 
quarta parte de i libri, come che Topera 
sia p valent*huomini, U p ingegni eleuati, 
che sono al mondo rari, U pochi, tt co 
steneo puoti ricauare i denari, ch* aueua 
potto in la stipa, che forono bona quan- 
tita, p che oltra i dua millia volumi stii- 
pati in papero, ne foci imprimere dnqulu 
in carte vitelline, U mandai di essi libri a 
tutti i Re del mondo, cosi Chrisdani come 
pagani.** See CMttigstissimi Aunmli i» U 
Rtpmklies if Gcjvm (hjrs), page ccxzir. 

Digitized by 


158 BibUotheca AmiricoHd. 

1 516. bering thtt Christopher Columbus frequently pro- 
i^mmm^ claimed that he had been chosen by God to exemplify 
the thought or prophecy expressed in verse 4 of Psalm 
XIX : 

Laudattfria Dauidis. 
^ijufpiciunt celos enarrant 
gioriam DEI, & opera manuum eius 
annunciant qui/u/pidMnt inaera^ 

he inserted in the marein, close to the verse, a lengthy 
biography of the bold navigator, his countryman and 

This untimely note, which may have been the cause 
of the persecutions suffered by our author, is frequently 
quoted. Fernando Columbus devotes an entire chapter 
to a refutation of what he mildly terms'' the ** twelve 
lies uttered by Giustiniani/' 

The text of the note has been republished by Von 
Murr**, and, with a translation, in the NoUs on Colum- 
bus. There is an English version in the Christian Ex- 
aminer^'^f and, we believe, in the N, T, Historical Mag- 

Dirtet nferineet t ( Gsticift, BihlUtktcs muhnnsiis^ pige 91. 

i Maittairb, AmMsUt T^f^t VoL ii. Part 1, paget 176-7. 
I PanssKi AKMsies Typogr,^ Vol. rii, page 63. 
LiLowo, BiUitkecs Ssers, Part 1, page 400. 
FABaicios, BiUitkuM Lai. Abi, et Imf^ Vol. it, pages 610-14. 
AumFFtBDi, BiUitkeca CMtamt a s^ Vol. i, pagt 615. 
Van PaABT, CMts/tgiu det Ihfres mr tfiUrn^ Vol. 1, page I, No. 4. 
BMhtkum BarltwisMd^ — . 
BiUitkuM BrewrtisMSf — . 

La Valliere Catalogue, Vol. 1, page t, No. 7 ; McCarthy Cata- 
logue, Vol. I, page ly No. 3) BIhlhiktcs Stuuxitmm^ Vol. 1, 
Part II, pages 1 07-1 11 ; and BiUltktcs Brwwuisitm^ No. 15, 
all for copi«i printed on vellum. 

'* See the indecorous remarks of Joriui, ^* Histoire Diplcmstifme da cktfraHtr 

as noticed by Batlc, /it r/r. Bthaim, pp 150-156. 

>• ''4Udicii kagie;' Hiaorie Jtirjtmrni^ <* Boston, for September, 1(51. 
raglh (ed. of 1571), cap. 11, Ibl. 3. 

Digitized by 


BiiBptheca AmerieoHd. 159 

89. BABELLico {MiARZ^-ANT.)--^^ Rapfodie hiftoHa- 1517* 
mm Enneadum ab orbe cond. P. I quinque compl. En- ■■^■■iH* 
neades, praem. earundem repertoriis audis et recogn. 
ab Afcenfio cum auth. epitomis. In aedd. Afcens. ad 
nonas Novbr. a. 15 16. in-fol. — Pofterior pars gd. Raps, 
hift. cont. fex enneades relig. c. earundem repertoriis et 
epitomis. Rapfodia hiftor. ab o. cond. in a. ufque fal. 
noftrae M . D. IIII optatum iterum recepit finem in 
aedd. Afcens. ad Idus Febr. 15 17. in-fol/' 


90. MONTALMODDo (FR. Z)^>-*' Paefi nouamcnte retrou- 
ati per | la Nauigatione di Spagna in Calicut. Et da 
Alber H tutio [ ? ] Vefputio Fiorentino intitulato M on || 
do Nouo: Nouamente ImpTtffzl[Colophon] ([ Stampata 
in Venetia per Zorzi de Rufconi milla- 1| nefe : Nel. 
M .cccccxyii. a di. xyiii. Agofto. t 124 unnumbered leaves^ 
with woodcut of the City of Venice on the title ; the reverse 
of the last leaf blank ; signatures A in four^ b /^ q in 

91. Pomponius Mela. || Ivlivs Solinvs. || 1518. 
Itinerarium Antonini Avg. || Vibivs. || P. 
Vidor de regionibus urbis Romse. || Diony- 
fus Afer de Jitu or bis Prefciano Interprets 



* VoL ▼!, p. io». * Jhglki t Pomponius Mela, Julius So- 

* Pige 75a, No. S747, ^^ Bkuiibt, linusj ftinenry of Antoninus Aug. Vi- 
VoL V, coL list. bios. P. Victor on the Ticinitjr of tho 

Digitized by 


i6o Bibliotheca Americana, 

V g I Q %* 8vo» two hundred and thirty-three nnmbered leaves + three 

^ * unnumbered ; no map. 

■■^■■■■i^ (British Muteum.) 

*« Ed. prima collect." 

(Klon Catalogue.) 

We insert the above solely on the authority of Bisnop 
Kennett's valuable Biilioihecst America Primordia. We 
failed to discover in this edition of Pomponius Mela 
and its suite of the " lesser geographers** anything re- 
lating to America. Although Bishop Kennett cites the 
Aldine edition, we are of opinion that he had in view 
the following, which is of the same date, and contains 
the well-known epistle of Vadianus to Agricola. 

9 2* POMPONIUS MELji—Witbin m bigbfy §mMmintid btrder : 

POMPONII MELAE Hif-||pani, Libri 
de fitu orbis tres, || adiedis lOachimi VA- 
diani || Heluedi in eofdem Scho- || His : 
Addita qucxp in Ge- || ographid || Cate- 
chefi: II & Epiftola Vadia- || ni ad Agrico- 
la || digna le- 1| du.|| Cum Indice fummatim || 
omnia compledete. || 

€mtm t%t (SiMmtti friuikgio m 
Mil int II 0]ittj8i ftmmti antmiti m- 
fWMHt* II 

city of Rome ; Dionytiuf Afer, on the site Venice, in the house of Aldut and An- 
of the world; translated by Priscianus. dreas, his iather-in-Uw, Oct., 1518. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. i6i 

C§Upb§n §n vin§ of the last Unf: I C 1 8. 


xviiL r 

Then large printer's mtrk» and LVCAB ALANTSE. 

*^* Folio, title one leaf 4- twenty-two unnumbered leaves + one 
hundred and thirty-two numbered leaves 4- one unnumbered, 
with colophon on the verso. No map. 

(Private Library, New York.) 


See on verso of folio 124, and recto of ia8, in the 
epistle of Vadianus to Agricola, the passage relating to 
America : 

«' . • . nondimeno sembla, che il VadUno^ celebre pe'suoi Comenti 
a P§mponius Mela^ sia suto il primo a chiamare il C§ntinente Occiden- 
uU^ col Nome di America fin dal 1512, o 19 14 AmerUam a Vespuc- 
do reperUM,^* (Canceluem*.) 

<<JoACH. Vadianus, Suisse de S. Gal. mort en 1551 [xtatis lxvi'] 
Monsieur Vossius le fils dit [Prafat. in MeL Geogr^ que les Re- 
marques que cet homme a faites sur Pomponius Mela sentent la chariie 
& le village. Mais quelques uns ont trouve cette sentence un peu 
rigoureusc." (Baillbt*.) 

Direct referemctt t f Pansu, jimmsiu Typogr,, Vol. ix, page 37. 

i DtNit, ffltm BmcAdruckergeteAuAtef pages 186-S. 
( Orabms, Vol. ▼, page 401. 

* jimgliei : Three books of Pomponius not be printed within the next six yean. 

Mela the Spaniard, on the site of the Pomponius is printed at Vienna in Austria, 

earth, together with the scholia [annou- for Lucas Alantse, by John Singrenius of 

ttons] of Joachim Vadianus, a Swiss, and Oettingen in Bavaria, May, 15 18. 
also the guide to the geography, and let- * Index Lihrorum Prohihitormm ; Mad- 

ter of Vadianus to Agricola, worthy of rid, fbl., 1667; I. Clau,, p. 557. 
being read, with an index, containing, in a * DmertasuoHif p. 46. 
concise form, everything. It is provided ' Vossras, De Natmra Artitm, p. 148. 
by Imperial privilege that this work can- * Jitgtmenu Jet Smvamtt^ Vol. 11, p. 46. 


Digitized by 


1 62 Bibliotheca Americana. 

I 5 I O • 93, DIONYSIUS PBRIEGBTES^Reci§ of ibe first Usf: 

3ittt0 urbia Ptii0nifl] Hiif- 
fd attiiimo intrrpretr.u 

Then woodcut of • cardinal'* arms in a border. 
Coltphon . 

VIENNE II <!titf)i{niantt0 neuois z bettttcais 
fttftttlit II astintetiittirger fntytemt anno ISlDdbUiii 
(WDfbU)' ?) 

*^,* 4to, twenty-six leaves, text in Roman characters. 

(British Museum.) 

On the reverse of the title there is an address contain- 
ing the following slight allusions to the Oceanic dis* 
coveries : 

" Tfl pPima feculo nto fut & inueta || 
loca prius ignota & a fcriptorib^ uetuftifli- 
mis negle/ 1| Aa : q prope die tuse R. P. 

As to the work itself it is only Rufus Festus' Latin 
paraphrase of the well-known hexametrical description 
of the earth, written originally in Greek by Dionysius 
Periegetes, Lybicus or Africanus, toward the latter 
part of the third century. 

Direct refirtmctt t ( HorrMANN, Bibliogr. Lexicon^ Vol. 11, page 106. 
\ BftUNBT, Aianut/f Vol. u, col. 731. 

* See DsNis, fFiem Biukdnuktrgetckickttt p. 19, No. oo. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 163 

94. MONTALBODDo {FR, Dsy^P^icfi iiouamente 1519* 
retrouati. & Nouo Modo da Alberico Vef- — 
putio Flo- II retino intitulato. || 

Then vignette representing the king receiving Vespuccius. 

C Stampato in Milano con la impenfa 
de lo. lacobo & fratelli da || Lignano : & 
diligente cura & induftria de loanne An- 
gelo fcinzen || zeler: nel. Mcccccxix. a di. 
V. de Mazo. || 

*^* Sm. 4to, title one Ieaf+ three preliminary leaves -(- eighty 
unnumbered leaves for the text, which is in Roman characters. 

(Private Library, Providence.) 

This edition seems to be the best known, as it is 
almost exclusively quoted by the early authors, who 
frequently ascribe the work to J. M. Angiolelo", and 
even to Vespuccius*. 

" Le vol. portc dans le catalogue de Floncel [Paris, 1774], No. 
5427, sous le titre de Prima navigatione . . . Milano, I5I9» est tout 
simplement un exemplaire de la presente edition, ou il manquait les 
quatre ff. prelim*." 

Direct re/ereaces : 

Leon Pinclo, Epitome, page 132. 
Haym, Bibliotheca Itmlimnm, Vol. i, page 179, No. 9. 
Cam vs. Mcmoire sur De Bry, page3 6 and 345. 
Navarrbts, Co/eccion, Vol. in, page 188. 
Tbrnaux, No. 11. 
' Brunkt, Vol. V, col. 1 1 58. 
La Valliere Catalogue, No. 4541 . 
Historical Nuggets, No. 1748. 
Bibliotheca Browniana, No. 18. 

Bibliotheca Heberiana, Part VI, No. 599, in describing the Dal- 
rymple copy, adds a curious, although very common memoran- 
dum : 

" In the old wrapper, ------------ is, fid. 

1812, Hering, binding, washing, and siaing, 2. 7. o. 

£a. 8. 6." 

Pimblo-Barcia, col. 907. * Lbon Pinblo, /or. r/V., p. 62. 

Digitized by 

Dy Google 

164 BibUotheca Amiricana. 

' 5 ' 9* 95* STOBNICZA (JOHN DK)-'Recto of the first leaf: 

^ntr«l^ttdi0 in fitrm Uwiiet 
C0fmii0r(tpl)taitt mm n 

longitudinibus & latitudinibus regionum 
&; II ciuitatum celebriorium || <E Epitome 
Europe Enes Siluij. || € Situs 6c diftindio 
partium totius Aaus per brachia Tauri 
men/ II tio ex Afia Pij fecudi jj C Particu- 
lalior minoris Afiae defcriptio ex eiufdem 
Pij afia. II € Sirie compendiofa defcriptio 
ex Ifidoro. || Ci Africe breuis defcriptio ex 
Paulo Orofio. || C Terrae fadi & urbis 
Hierufalem apertior : fratris Anf- || kelmi' 
ordinis Minorum de obferuantia. || 

a M agifter Paulus Crofnenfis. Ledori 
Studiofo. II Qui freta, qui frontes populos 
ac mcenia colles || Qui(p cupias uafti nofure 
regna foli || Hue prascor hue uultum paulif- 
per uerte benignam || Exiguum(p legas can- 
dide ledor opus || Omnia quo magni clau- 
duntur climata mundi || Quodq^ ponet 
uariis terra rotunda locis || Quo populos 
urbes mirabere flumina montes || Et quas 
funt oculis non bene uifa tuis || Quo Pto- 
lomei fubito (mihi crede) uidibis || Et re- 

' See infra, p. 166, note I. 

Digitized by 


Bihttttheca AmericMM. 165 

leges fparfim grandia fcripta libri || £t 1519* 
quod mille alii dodi fcripfere libellis || Hoc ■■'^■" 
paruo inuenies conrpiciescp libro H DIS- 
TICHON II Afpice quam paruo leAor 
ftudiofe libello || Claufa fit immenfi ma- 
china magna poli.|| 

C0l»fbtn : 

ImprefTum Cracouis per Hieronymum 
Vidorem II Calcographum. Anno falutis 
humanae. Mille/ 1| nmo quingentefimo de- 
cimo nono. Deci/ 1| mo feptimo kalendas 
Maii. II 

%* 4to, two prelimliury learet, including the title, + forty-four 
leavet. No map or mips. 

(Bridih Museum.) 

On the verso of the title, in the Dedication inscribed : 

([ Reuerendiffimo in Chrifti patri & Domino loanni dei 
gracia Epijcopo Pojnanienfi Joannes de Stobnicza. Salutem 

There is the following : 

Et ne foli Ptolomeo laborafTem, curaui 
etiam notas face requafdam partes terroe 
ipfi Ptolomeo alijfcj uetuftioribus ignotas 
q Americi Vefputij alioflt (J luftratione ad 
noftra noticia puenere. 

Upon the verso of folio 5, in the chapter De Meridi- 
aniSf Stobnicza speaks of the discovery by Vespuccius of 
parts of the earth unknown to Ptolemy, and adds : 

" Similitu in occafu ultra AfFiicam & 
Europa magna ps terroe quam ab Americo 

Digitized by 


1 66 BibUotheca Americana. 

1 5*9* ei^ reptore america vocdt, uulgo aiit nouus 
'™^"™™ mundus dicit," &c. 

See also on the reverse of the folio 7, in the ninth 
chapter, what seems to be a repetition of the famous 
passage in the St. Die Cosmographia : 

" Non folu aut pdid:^ tres ptes nuc funt 
latius luflrate, veru & alia quarta pars ab 
Americo Vefputio fagacis ingenii viro, 
inuenta eft, qua ab ipo Americo* eius inu- 
entor amerigem quasi americi terrain fiue 
america appellari volunt, cui latitude eft 
fub tota torrida roua/' &c. 

Since our No. 69 was in print we have discovered 
the following note in Meusel' : 

"ANSELMiy ordinis Minorum de ObservtDtia, apertior descripcio 
terrae sanctae et urbis Hienisalem (facta 1 509) ; edita una cum Pto- 
lemaei Cosmographia, a loan de Stobnicxa, Cracoviae f. a (circa 
I SI 5) 4." 

Dirtct rtftrtnctt : f Vossivt, Dt Nstmra Artium^ Lib. HI, page 148. 

•I Pinblo-Bakcia, Bpitomt^ col. 1127, teems to refer to a reprint of 
( Ptolemy itself, and not to a mere introduction. 

06. ALBRRTiNi {FRANCIS DE)^^^ Opufculufli de mini- 
bilibus novae & veteris Urbis Romst: induftria & im- 
pcnfi THOMiE WOLFF Chalcograpbise gnari exara- 
turn nuper. 4.'** ex propria Officini Urbis Basileae. 1519" 

** £d. III." (Klon Catalogue*.) 

' Bihliotheea Hhfricm^ Vol. r, Part ii, //mot, Lyons, fbls. 1632-76, will perhaps 

p. 81, referring to *< Canhii Lectt. antiqq. find some additional details under the head 

[Theuuiru$ monument, ueletiast, Amsterd. of Antehmus or Pohnis, Vossius (de His- 

4to, 1725?], T. IT. p. 776. edit. Bas- tor. Lmtim, Lib. iii, p. 648) mentions An- 

nagii,** and '< Ianoski vom der Zaiutkistheu selm, but does not state that he ever edited 

Bibl, [Dresden 8vo, 1747], T. 11. p. 124.** Ptolemy*s Comografkis. 
The reader who has access to Bononia, ' Atmalet Typogr,^ Vol. 11, Part 1, p. 

Bihliotk. Scriptor, Ordinit S, Framciu,, 33 c, and PAMsxa, Vol. yi,p. 216. 
Venice, fol., 1747 or to Botbbo, Anma' * Page 7, No. 71. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 


97* XtfCJSO (M. r. DXy—UgJer « large sphere btU by a band: 

Sbumn, lit geoB(a|)f)ia % II ttata lie itmm \m pats ' 
i^M X ptottin- II tim 1it\ mxtx^nn : en efpedal )(e latt 
in)(i- H a0. 7 ttata latgamhe liel wctt litX mare II at : 
Jutitam^ eon la efpi^eta en tontSee : eon el tegfs 
milto )yel $ol r liel notte : nue II uantente l^eeta. II 
<Son ptenilesfo teal. 

V^erst tftbe title-page: 

VtenUegioteol. H lEl tes.fl^ot quSto pot patte 
He bo0 el taetidet DSattin fetnAlie? lie || eneffo als 
gua^U masot lie eaftUla liel oto me fue feef^a telas 
eili II )ief ien)(o q nois anestt l)ee))o bn lilito lie eofmo:: 

gtapf^ia ^eci)a en la 

eittlia)! lie ^atagota a eineo liiais )(el xm% lie fetU || 
iite lie mil r qnini^js r lietioetto afto0. I^o el tes. 
^ot manlialio tel II teg. (Ktoftaftelia. II 


^tte impteffa enla nobilifflma r mug leal eitt)ia)i 
lie 3^ttla pot Ja- II eolio etSlietget alemA en el afto 
H la eneatnaeion He nueftto feftot. II He mil r quinis 


*^* Folio ; title one leaf + seventy-five unnumbered leaves ; text 
in Gothic. 

(Private Librar., New York and Providence.) 

* Angliel : Compendium of Geography, 
which treats of all the parts and regions 
of the world, and especially of the Indies ; 
also at length of the art of navigation and 
of the sphere in the vernacular [language], 
together with the regulation of the Sun 
and North. Newly composed. With Royal 

Royal Privilege. The King. Whereas 

you, the Bachelor, Martin Fernandez de 
Enciso, Algua%il Mayor of the Golden 
Castil, have informed us that you have 
made for us a book on cosmography. . . . 
Done in the city of Saragossa, Sept. 5th, 
1 518, 1, the King. By order of the king. 
CastaAeda. Was printed in the very noble 
and loyal city of Seville, by James Crom- 
berger, a German, A. D. 15 19. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

I C I Q« ** Apparently the first book printed in Sptniih relating to Amerioi ; 
^^^^^^ — unknown to Robertson. Enciso having gained a considerable sum 
in St. Domingo by practicing law» was induced by Ojeda to join him 
in an expedition of discovery and conquest to the continent of Amer- 
ica. After suffering great hardships and hairbreadth escapes, which 
are related by Herrera, he returned to Spain, and published this work 
for the instruction of Charles V. The account of America is prin- 
cipally from his own observations." 


We must add that Martin Fernandez de Enciso first 
came to the New World with Rodrigo de Bastidas% was 
Alguazil Mayor of the Golden Castil, and the owner 
of the vessel as well as the planner of the expedition in 
which Vasco Nuftez de Balboa' acquired so much fame. 
A great hydrographer and explorer, his work is invalu- 
able for the early geographical history of this continent^. 

Speaking of the supposed edition of 1482, mentioned 
in Spicilegium veter. SecuL xv. edit.y Mendez is very posi- 
tive' : ^^ Dudo 6 niego que haya tal edicion, pues segun 
D. Nicolas Antonio, no pudo alcanzar el Autor a este 

Judging from the following passage^ Enciso wrote a 
disquisition, which entitles him to a place side by side 
with Las Casas^, Francis of Vittoria', Julian Garces', 
and D. de Avendafto'% or perhaps only with J. Gines 
de Sepulveda" : 

** Escribi6 Enciso un papel muy curioso sobre si los conquista- 
dores espafioles podian tener y poseer indios encomendados, contrs 

* BihlinJUcs Amtricsmm Fettu, No. 4. 

* HtftftSftA, Dec. I, Lib. Tii. cap. xi. 

* Natambtb, DiurtmeUu mkrt Is Hiti, 
dt It Nsmtitsi Madrid, 4tO| 1846, page 

* HoMBOLDT, Exmatn Critipu^ Vol. it, 
p. 306} and Ds la Ro^ubtts in Niiv, 
AttmsUt des Ftysgis^ Vol. IT, p. 5. 

* TyfcgrsfiM Bigots i Madrid, 4to, 
1706, Vol. I, p. 170. 

* NAiTABaBTS, ^c. cit^ p. 147. 

* 1*. Brtuijjms rdsehmi ScTiUe, 4(0, 
155a, 50 11. 1* L« fM M ugm* et vm pi- 
dMf I fi., 4 11. 3* Jtqui m eomtitmt mms 
ditputsf id,^ 61 U. 4* jffmi m c9mH$n*m 
trtyntm pr9ptiehmet\ iJ,f lo 11. 5* Bm 

et mm trmuin id.^ 36 11. 6* Emire Um 
nmndhtf id^ 53 U* 7* ^^i m emuiemtu 
mmt mmim ; /i., 1 6 IL 8* Trmtmd» e^mtpr^- 
kmt$risi id,, 1553, 80 11. 9* Primeipim 
fmed, tM fmUmt, freeed f id.^ 10 II. 
lO* Rts$lmd«mm 1% dmdms, MS. ii* SimgmJ. 
trsetmtmt, MS. 

* De Imdit etjmre Belli, in TJkeel. Relec- 
tiemetf 8to, 1565. 

* Letter to Paul III, in Padilla, Hit- 
terim de Imfmmdmeiem de Smmtimge ; Madrid, 
fbl. 1596. 

** riMMnM/«i7rM| Antwerp, fbl. 1 661. 

" J^egis pre likre de jmtiit keUi 
esmtit eemirs Imdet maeeptif Rome, Sto, 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana, 169 

lot frtilet dominicot qae dedan qae no, y %t opasieron tl desptcho I j I Q« 
de U expedicion de rednurias Divila, so pretezto de quel el Rey no ^^g^^^m 
podia enviar k hacer tales conquistas." 

Drncr nfirttuttt ( Lxon Pimblo, Bpit^m^ p. 171, and PutsL^BAaciAy col. 1*79. 
\ * Antonio, BiUitUeM His^it Ntms^ Yot n, ptft 101. 
I Bihiitktes Htherimus^ VoL ti. No. 1515. 
Bihlithtem Brtvnuams^ ptgt 9, No. 17. 
Tbbmaux, No. 10. 
BsvMXTy Yol. II, col. 973. 
Obabmi, Vol. n, page 473. 

98. F^rMiif^ ^rw^^ITINBRARIO II DE LV- 152O. 

lo Egitto, nella Soria, nella Arabia de || 
fetta, & felice, & nella Perida, || nella India, 
& nella Ethiopia || Le fede el viuere/ & 
coftumi delle pre/ 1| fate Prouincie. || bt al 
PRBSBNTB AGioNTovi || alcune Ifole nuoua- 

Then large woodcut, with the inscription bibbllo. sbnza. dime. 


CE Qui finifle lo Itinerario de Ludouico 
de II Varthema Bolognefe/ de li paefi & 
Ifole II la Fede el viuere & coftumi loro, || 
Nuouamente per lui vifti || in piu parte. 

CE Qui comincia lo Itinerario de Lifola 
de luchatan || nouamente ritrouata per il 
jfignor Gioan de || Grifalue Capitan Gen- 
erale de L'annata || del Re de Spagna & 
per il fuo Ca- || peliano copofta. || Ludo, || 

C^hpbon (which, in this copy, is somewhat crooked, as the letters 
in two of the words are transposed) : 


Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana, 

1520. (Tin Venetia per Matthio Pagan || in 
~~ Frezzaia [sic)^ al fegno || dell [sic] Fede.||* 

*^* Sm. 8vo for size, with signatures in fours, sine anno. Title 
one leaf + one hundred numbered leaves + three unnumbered 
leaves for the index + one inestimable blank leaf. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

This extremely rare volume contains two distinct 
works. The first, by Ludovico de Varthema, sometimes 
called Ludovicus ratricius Romanus, Varomicer, Var- 
rommicer, Barthema, Vartomanus, Varibemo, and Varon- 
miser ; the second, which alone entitles the book to a 
place in our Bibliothecay by Juan Diaz. The latter is a 
description of the memorable expedition to Yucatan 
under Juan de Grijalva, from March ist to November 
15th, 1 51 8. Grijalva wrote an account of the voyage, 
which he presented to Velasquez, who intrusted it to 
Oviedo to be remitted to the king. This full report is 
now lost, but Oviedo has probably embodied it in his 
Hisforid'. Bernal Diaz, who was a companion of Gri- 
jalva, gave also an account* of the expedition. As to 
Juan Diaz, he was the chaplain, and accompanied, to- 
gether with the Dominican monk Bartolome de Ol- 
medo, Hernan Cortes to Yucatan and Mexico. On that 
occasion he was the first who said mass in Yucatan 
(Feb., 1 5 19, at the island of Cozumel). He baptized 

* Anglic}: Itinerary of Ludovico de Var- 
thema of Bologna, to Egypt, Syria, the 
Desert and Arabia felix, Persia, India, and 
Ethiopia ; the creeds, manner of lif^ and 
customs of the said countries, together 
with the description of some islands re- 
cently discovered. 

Here ends the Itinerary of Ludovico de 
Varthema, of Bologna, concerning the 
countries and islands, creeds, manner of 
life and their customs, recently seen by 
him in several parts. 

Here begins the itinerary to the island 
of Yucathan recently discovered by Signor 
Juan de Grijalva, Captain-General of the 

King of Spain, and composed by his 

At Venice, by Matthew Pagan, at the 
sign of the Faith. 

* Historic General de las Iitdiasy Part i, 
Lib. 17, cap. 8-18. 

* Historiaverdadera ; Madrid, fol. 1631 
(two issues of the same date). The reader 
may also consult, concerning the GrijaUa 
expedition : Gomara, Prim, y seg. parte de 
la hist. gen. de las Indias^ Saragossa, fol., 
1552-3$ HiRRBRA, Decade ii, Lib. 111, 
cap. I ; CoGOLLVDO, Hittoria de Tueatkan f 
Madrid, fol., 1688; Lorenzana, Hist, de 
Nueva Esfafta; Mexico, fbl., 1770$ Cla- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana, 171 

the famous Malinche^ and is said by Diaz de la Calle' 1520. 
to have been the first priest who said mass in the city ^^ 
Mexico, although Gonzaga* asserts that this mass was 
said by Olmedo, and that Diaz only assisted him. 

Diaz wrote a short itinerary in Spanish of the expedi- 
tion of Grijalva, the original of which has never been 
published, nor is it known to exist. We find the first 
version of it in a translation into the Toscan dialect. 
It is the present No. 98. This version was republished 
in the editions of 1522 {in/ra)y 1526 (infra) and^ 1535 
(infra). It is not in the Varthema of Scinzenzeler, 
Milan, 1523, nor has it been added to the reprints of 
Varthema in the various editions of the Novus orbis and 
of Ramusio. We doubt whether it is inserted in any 
of the French, German or English editions of the Itine- 
rario which were published towards the middle of the 
sixteenth century. We had the rare Spanish translation 
by de Arcos examined, hoping, as it bears the date of 
1520 (Seville) that it might contain the original text of 
Diaz, but we regret to say that Grijalva's expedition is 
not inserted. Brunet and Graesse mention, as contain- 
ing it, an edition by Rusconi, dated Venice, 1520. 
This assertion seems to be based upon the Hibbert 
Catalogue No. 8793. The copy seen at the Hibbert sale 
was an imperfect one, lacking, we think, the leaf with 
the colophon ; and which was mistaken for the edition 
published by Rusconi in 1522 (infra). We ascribe to the 
present the date of 1520, but with no better reason than 
that // seems to be an earlier impression than any of the 
dated editions which have come under our notice. This 
date is arbitrary altogether, and might as well be 1521. 

There is a valuable translation into Spanish of Diaz* 
account in Sefior Icazbalceta's important, trustworthy 

viGHO, Storia antica del Mttuco\ Cesena, * Memorial de lai Indias Occident.; Mad- 

4ro, 1 780- 1 ; SoLis, Hist, de la conquista rid, 4to, 1644. 

de Mexico; Madrid, 4to, 1788; Navar- * De origine Seraphic^ RfUg- Franeisc. ; 

«KTK, Cb/af ion, Vol. Ill, pp. 55-64; Pres- Rome, fol., 1587. 

coTT, loe, cit. * Coleccion de documentos para la kistoria 

Digitized by 


lya Bibliotheca AmericoHa. 

1520. and too little known ColeccionK The late M. Temaux 
B^iaa^ has given a faithful version in his Recueil^. 

" The most circumstantial account of Grijalva's expedition is to be 
found in the Itimrary of his chaplain above quoted [under the title 
of Umerari$ id CaptlUno^ MS.] The original is lost, but an indif- 
ferent Italian version was published at Venice, in 1522. A copy, 
which belonged to Ferdinand Columbus, is still exunt in the li- 
brary of the great church of Seville. The book had become so ex- 
ceedingly rare, however, that the historiographer Mufioz \uiA evaa 
Navarrete], made a transcript of it with his own hand, and from his 
manuscript that in my possession was taken." 



Dirtet reftrentes : f CK. (RiTi of Miiiui) Catdogue, — . 
Hanrott Catalogue, — . 
BtvHXT, Vol. ▼, col. 1094. 
OiABtsB, Vol. I, p. 301. 

99* ANONrMOUS—RiCto rftbi first liof: 

Mf^ llhrefils £«tilt.* 

Then woodcut filling the rest of the title-page, and representing 
vessels, islands, and a sea-port. 

*^* Sm. 4to, sint Mnn§ aut 1$C9 ; title one leaf -|- two unnumbered 
leaves + one blank. Neither colophon nor water-mark. 

(Private Library, New York and Providence.) 

This extremely curious and interesting plaquette pur- 
ports to be a translation into German ofa letter describ- 
ing the arrival of a vessel from Brazil to a port not 
mentioned, October 12th, of a year also left blank, but 
which is supposed by Humboldt* to be between 1525 
and 1540, while de Varnhagen* ascribes to the expedi- 
tion the eariy date of 1^08. The letter describes an 
exploration coastwise of nearly two thousand miles, 

di MejHni Mexico, 410, 1858, Vol. i, * jhg/ice: Copy of a late letter fnm 

pp. 281-308. the Land of Braail. 

* Recutil Je* piktt relativei i Is Comfuh* * Examea Oritifue^ Vol. v, p. 249. 

du dtexifuei Paris, 8vo, 1838, pp. 1-47* ' Htsfris girml do Brmul f Madrid, 

^ Onfuut •fAUxieOf Vol. i, p. 229, ntu. 4to, 1 8 54. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca AmmcoHa, 


undertaken with two vessels belonging to one ^^No- 1520. 
no" (?) and to the well-known Christopher de Haro', bsmbik 
with the authorization of the King of Portugal. Hum- 
boldt is of opinion that this was a voyage to the Straits 
of Magellan ; Vacnhaeen, on the other hand, attempts 
to prove that it is only the well-authenticated Spanish 
expedition of Solis and Pinzon. Temaux seems to 
value the work onlv in so hx as it ^^ prouve d*une ma- 
niere authentique, 1 anciennete des relations de la France 
avec le BresiK ' This assertion rests upon a single line 
containing a statement to the effect that ^^ les habitants 
disent qu il vient de temps en temps d'autres vaissaux, 
et que ceux qui les montent sont habilles comme nous ; 
d'apres ce qu en disent les habitants, les Portugais pen- 
sent que ce sont des Franfais. lis ont presque tons la 
barbe rouge*.*' We are inclined to think that the earlv 
date of the visits of the French navigators to Brazil 
rests on better authorities. Even if we leave aside the 
interesting documents produced by Des Marquetz^ and 
the ingenious arguments ursed by M. Estancelin^ con- 
cerning the supposed expedition of Cousin of Dieppe 
to Brazil in 1488, we have authentic deeds and deposi- 
tions proving beyond a doubt a French expedition to 
Brazil as eany as 1503, by Binot Paulmier de Gonne- 
ville'. The anonymous Enforma^&o do Brasil et de suas 

• ** J* obwnrani 4*ftbo«d q«e Topiiaric aHeaaod^ 
ornC rar k dtrt 4*ooe gnvwc «n bob aol r^rt- 
Mate on port do mer tc deu Hott racbcaz, est 
o atti Doawrt tradah do riullen el noo da poita- 
foio, coflUBO 00 povmit lo rappotor. . . . . Lo 
■uImb de ChrMobol de Haro tC do tes detu 

ftifet tadt <tabUo \ Aoren } die fiwmiaoit, 
comme Jodb ccUes de Bonrdi et de MaicUool i 
Seville et Utbonae, dot fbndt poor de miule* eo- 
crepriMi meromtilet oa dot vojrages de decovrcrtet. 

Htro te plaigMDt comme M a geUan det 

prdtendnet imJmttUtt de la coor de Lbbonue, prit 
•ae part d acthre ao ^prajet da d^troit.* qa^U 
oAft d'araocer k M teol tow let frab de ri 

moot. La coor d'Bapagne no roolot par accmter 
don oAcs A gdndreoaea en apparence, mab Haro 
flnit par s^entafer poor la cinqaiteie partie de* 
ftab de respidttioo, oo poor 4000 dacati. Aomi 
aa rcloar do la ftmeate tuu VltfrU^ tamte la car- 
gaboB do deox do gMoik lal te nahe.** Huy- 
IV, l§€. eh. 

* Txuf Auz, jtrcJkhm its V9y^u ; 
Paris, Sto, n. d. (1841), Vol. 11, p. 306, 

* Txuf Aux, It, cit,^ p. 309. 

* Mem»ires cMr^iultfipus far ttr^h i 
tkitfire di Ditfptf Parity ft vob., iftmO| 
1785, VoL I, pp. 93-98. 

^1H** ^ dkornvtrtti dt$ Nfmandt f 
Paris, 8vo, 183ft, PP* 37» '^^ 33ft-6i. 

* P. Ds QomnEwiLiMfJdiMMretfMcAsMt 
ritmhlissiwtewt ^mtu mimit ekrititnm dsmt 
Is tr9itihm imudej Paris, iftmo, 1663} Dm 
Bftossis, Hitt, des Nsvigstiems mux term 
mutrmlesi Paris, 4to, 1756, Vol. I, pp. 
104-114; D*Atxsac, in BMerin de U 
Sniki de Ohgr^kUf Vol. xir. p. 17ft. 

Digitized by 


174 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1520. capitaniafij also mentions the arrival of French vessels 
B^BSB-ainto the port of Bahia in 1504, which date is corrobo- 
rated by another account published by Ramusio"", and 
mentioning the discoveries made by Jean Denys, a na- 
tive of the hospitable and ever gratefully-remembered 
town of Honfleur, in Normandy. 

This curious and enigmatic account was probably writ- 
ten originally in Portuguese, then translated into Italian, 
from which the present version seems to have been 
made. Humboldt gives" an excellent analysis of the 
plaquette, made from a copy in the Dresden library. 
There is a French translation in Temaux' Archives des 
Voyages^^y and extracts in the Portuguese language have 
been inserted by Varnhagen in his valuable and too 
little known History of Brazil'^ 

The date of 1520 is altogether arbitrary, and rests on 
no other foundation than mere inferences tending to 
show that the account may have been written soon after^ 
the expedition of Magellan, and the fact that this date, 
having been given already in some catalogues, it may 
facilitate researches. 

Direct reftrencet : ( Zapp, jSmgth. BuckdrmckergeKkicktey Vol. ii, page lOt, No. ix. 
I Bih/htkees GretnfiUisnm^ page 835. 
( BihIUtkeem BrovHisns, page 10, No. 30. 

1 OO. IDEM OPU&^Recto of the first leaf: 

Sj^ii kef ^tmvk 8ei|t»itg 

Then, instead of the above-described vignette, a large woodcut 
representing the royal arms of Portugal. 

Colophon : 

€ detmtft 3ft Vigf^Kf g kir^ ^|irt $%\\n. 

*^* Sm. 4to, sme anno ; title one leaf + three unnumbered leaves, 
the third containing only ten lines, including the colophon. 
For water-mark, a cup, 

(Private Library, New York.) 

* Revuta triwteMtsJj Rio de Janeiro, " L^c. eit,^ Vol. ▼, pp. 239-158. 

Vol. VI, pp. 411-414. "• Vol. II, pp. 306-310. 

** Ditcortt d'um grmu ttpitam di wtare ** pp. 434^35, mote, 

FrsnciUf Vol. ill, foil. 41 3-43*' " ^f not he/ore I See im/rM, p. 175. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 175 

This edition present3 differences in the orthography 1520. 
throughout, but not to such an extent as to give new --—-—-. 
readings, especially of the mysterious passage : 

^' tt»k UtttM %\t ^imeii f artiigiilef er f agev ti feiev 

^titpktt, fa %tM 9Ra(l^)»i Vikioietev/' and of the expres- 

sion "Ratt WffrU/' which so greatly perplexed von 
Hagen and Humboldt. Yet, had Humboldt and de 
Varnhagen enjoyed an opportunity to consult it, they 
might have modified their views. The reader will no- 
tice that this bears on the title-page a large woodcut 
representing the royal arms of Portugal. This must be 
viewed as one more indication that the translator or 
printer considered the plaquette as giving an account 
of a voyage undertaken under the auspices of Portugal, 
and not, as Varnhagen is inclined to tnink, of a Spanish 
expedition under Solis and Pinzon. On the other 
hand, the plaquette was printed by Erhard Oeglin, 
which militates against the conjecture of Humboldt 
that the events it relates transpired between the years 
1525 and 1540. This Erhard Oeglin or Oglin, some- 
times called Erhard Ocellus of Reutlingen, was already 
in partnership with John Otmar in 1505. Judging from 
a careful examination of ZapPs Augsburgs Buchdrucker- 
geschichte\ Oglin does not seem to have printed after 
1516, when he enjoyed the then uncommon title of Im- 
perial Printer. Nor should we forget that there are 
internal evidences* tending to show that the translation 
was made from an Italian version, itself probably taken 
from the Portuguese. All these transformations im 
ply a certain lapse of time, which, when added to the 
probability that the German printer had ceased to 
print after 1516, present materials for a new history 
of the voyages to the southern seas, which may yet 
prove that what is now termed the Straits of Magel- 
lan was visited before 15 19, and that Christopher de 

* Augsburg, 4to, 1788, Vol. i, page * Note B to Vol. v oi the Examen 
XLiu, and Vol. 11, p. 20a, No. ix. Critique^ page 245. 

Digitized by 


176 BibBothica Americana. 

1520. Haro, imparted to his intimate friend Magellan the 
sHHiH-B indications which led to the memorable voyage of the 
nao Victoria. 

We must also be permitted to remark that this wood- 
cut adds weight to our assertion when describing the 
escutcheon of Granada in the second edition' of the 
Columbus letter {supra^ p. 11), that armorial bearings 
are no sure tests to determine where the book was 
printed, as in the present instance we have an Augs- 
burg edition, which, instead of the well-authenticated 
vignete of a pine-apple, contains the arms of Portugal. 
Had the present copy of this Augsburg plaquette lacked 
the colopnon, as is n-equently the case with those early 
printed sheets, it might have been ascribed to a Lisbon 
or Evora printer by the bibliographers who accept the 
theory that a coat-of-arms on the title-pase indicates 
that the book was printed in the country which assumes 
the inserted escutcheon. 

10 1* MfONTMOUS^WitbiB M k^rdir : 


In fan : 

Et Valli§littifepHmM || Jlfjr/^\ Millifim§ QtimgiMtifimt p^ifim.\\'^ 

*♦* Very sm. 4to, fonrteen unnambered letves, including the title. 

Prirats Library, New York. 

Account of the conquest of Cuba by Di^;o Velas- 
quez ; and is a translation into Latin of a Spanish ac- 
count, as yet unknown'. 

* We ote the words Me»»d tMit oa * jSmglUi t The proriaoei or fegioot 

the f trenfth of the fbUowing endorMment in the West Indies recently diacovered in 

by inch aliigh aothority at If. D*Airesaci the last navigation. Valladolidy March 

** Ji fmrtsgt trmfHttaunt vtirf tfiima mr 7th, 1150. 

ttdri cki^maliifatdutiM idhimtdti^i * On the Teno of leaf c-iiij there it a 

*«r VMM dkritti,** letter fnm Petei Acosta. 

Digitized by 


BitBctAeca Amerkana. 177 

102. PBTBk MMLTrR{t)—mtbm an trMMMtmUtl itrder: I52O. 

fiiiik^k«v^ll$ev« 9*|m na 9higr{i¥«||$«tiMitiiiM M 
}a |«f I «itt II if e« l^reK (ele« II kuk fit- 1| te*. || « || 

*^ Sm. 4to> /i«/ anno ant Uco^mXt one letf + two unnumbered 
leaves. No water-mark. 

( Private Libnu-., New York and Proiridencc.) 

A foreign catalogue' ascribes four leaves to this work, 
and adds the following notice : 

** Premiere edition allemande de la premiere lettre de Pierre Mar- 
tyr, 8ur la decouverte du nouveau continent, tr^s-rare." 

Pinelo-Barcia, Antonio, Meusel, Jocher, &c., are all 
silent concerning this or any other "Johan von An- 
gleria." Peter Martyr is probably intended ; but what 
is meant by his " first letter concerning the discovery of 
the new continent," we have failed to discover*. 

Dirtet rtfornuit t ( GtABMi, Vol. i, page 1 30, on whose aathority (in the absence 
•j of any other) we ascribe the date of ** rers 1510.** 
( BihiUtkecM BrvwwiswSf page 10, No. 30. 

103. jiLBER TINT {FR. DEy^RiCto rf the first lirf: 

jnitatilia lElotne 

®tmfntlft )ie jntoatUilitttf 

JBtoue et {ftetetto ucftist 

lEUtne tW^. a ^xwx 

dfco Eliiettfno 



* Asher^s, for 1858, No. 35. dated the ides of May, 1493, which is the 

* See Oput EpistoUrmm Petri Mtrtyrh fint letter of Peter Martyr mentioning 
(rw/r/r) and iV0/ri«»C»/irffr^a», pp. 119-135, that startling event. The description 
for the £pist. cxxx to Joseph Borromeo, covers only five lines. 

Digitized by 


178 Bibliotheca Ammcana, 

1520* The title is within a highly ornamented border, sormonnted bj a 
^^^^^^ vignette representing the gates of a city, and terminating with two 
woodcut portraits, which we have failed to identify. 


ImpfTu Lugd.9 p loan, mario fuptib^ 
& expeiis Romani morin bi- || bliophile 
eiufde duitads. dno dni m.d.xx. die vero. 
xxviii, mardi. || 

*^ 4to, title one leaf -4- sixty leaves numbered in Arabic nu- 
merals on the recto, repeating 56 twice ; on the verso of the 
last leaf two woodcuts, the lower being a papal coat-of-arms. 

(British Maiciim.) 

This edition reproduces, without any alterations, the 
passage referring to Vespuccius, which we have inserted 
supra^ in descnbing the edition of 15 10 (No. 64). 
Clement ascribes to the present, "Feuillets 57." 

Dhut rrftrewcat f BihihtUes StrrmuMU, Put n, p. 117, and Bihlitk, Am»mym, 
B^m^Cm. 1^. Bbavrboae]) 1744, p. 161, cited by : 
CLXifBMT, BiUitUfUi OvrlMM, Vol. t, page ill. 


104. PTOLEMr-BSSLBM-UBSLiN—'^Ptoltrnzeus auctus 
reftitutus emaculatus, cum tabulis veteribus et novis 
[opera Georgii Ubelii]. Am. E. von Buck 8 : loannes 
Scotus Argentorati literis excepit mdxx. — Diefe Auig. 
enthalt xlvii Tabulae, Geographicae in Holfchn. Bern- 
hafy Aretins Beytrage Bd. V. p. 535 fagt, dafs in der 
BibL zu Munchen zwei Exx. seien mit roth, und eins 
mit fchwarzegedn Titel." 

(MsosiL* and Hopfmann*.) 

Reimpression of No. 74, which see. 

** Dans le texte les noms propres en grec sont omis : Patlas y est de 
m2me double comme dans Pedicion de 1513.'* 


> Amnal, Typ.^ Vol. ▼. Part ll, p. 188. * Ghgrspkie du Mtytu jtgt^ Vol. 11, 

* Bihiitgr, LexM9^ Vol. ill, p. 319. ApfendiXf p. 208. 

Digitized by 


BibBothics Ammcana. 179 

I O 5» ANONTMOUS^RiCto of tbi first liof: 1 5 "^^^ 

@lti mtlitg ettlidier « 

fmklHeff kew tier ktr^Iet^iflni || gri|^ei|tigi1» 
9tr|le« kni $fm» $em» Ctrl WiMif^ex Mi II $1|« 
fltnif^l Aiii^ &c imfent gtekfknt |mi ktr^ if e kers 
•rkent II ^ttiqitteiit I kitt iicge« eitef iteii gefmM 3tt 
febt, ker fedl ge(fget|||^ Mk juiimer |itte« in ge« 
ii«ii|e{tt iii|a(teiik fe«r AtrtMcrf^i- 1| «e« ttge« )ii§e« 

fMlt. II 

Then woodcut representing the landing of armed men from a man- 

Coi9fb§M §n Virs0 §ftbt sivintb lisf: 

«dnttft ill ker (eifern^eK ettt mm%vt% kitr#|| 
inikeri^nt felMm«|liiik fe(i§Hi# NlnilllM. 17. tig 
aRtniilM itr« k« Nitii||)t(t ttai| e|vMK viiferf (ielnttt 

"^^^ 4to» title one leaf -|- six unnumbered leaves -|- one blank ; 
thirty -eight lines to a full page. 

(Priirace Library, Proridencc.) 

This rare plaquette contains a relation of the expedi- 
tions of Francisco Hernandez de Cordova, Grijalva 
and Cortes to Yucatan, taken apparently from Feter 
Martyr's Decades. 

Dirtet refireuct t BiMhtketm BrtwrnUms^ page lo, No. 19. 

Io6. jiLBERTiNi {FM. i)jr)— ^^Opuiculum de Mirabili- 
bus novae et veteris Urbis Romse. 
Bononie, 1520, 4to." 

{BihihtJUcs HthtHsmmK) 

* Anglkl : An extract from tereral scribing its locality, the cottomt and 

mitsiTet to the moat Ulostriout and power- habits of its inhabiunts. Printed in the 

All prince and lord Charles, King of the Imperial city of Nuremberg, by Frederick 

Romans and of Spain. Our gradous lord Peypus, and happily finished March 17th, 

scat through his appointed captains an A. D. 1520. 

•ccoont of a receatly-discoTcred island, de- ' Pait ti. No. 118. 

Digitized by 


i8o Bibliotheca Americana. 

1520. 107. piooHE (^LM«r)-Albertvs Pi || Ghius 
■=~= Campen || fis de oequinodiorvm fol || fti- 
rioriique inuentione Ad. R. in Chrifto 
patrem D Fra||cifcum Molinium Abbatem 
S. Maximini, a Secretis & cofilio . R . Fran- 
corum Chriftianirs. & pijs largidonibus 
eius II dem proepofitum primarium || 

Eiufdem de ratione Pafcha || lis cele- 
brationis/ Deque Reftitutione ecclefiaftici 
Kalen || darij. Ad BeatifUmum Patrem 
Leonem X Pontificem || Maximum. || 

venundantur Parifij/ in vico Diui lacobi 
fub fcuto Bafilienfi. || 

Cvm privile || gio ad Trien || nivm. || 

%* Sm. folio, sint smm§ (the second treatise bears the date of 1 520). 

(Imperial Library at Paria«) 

The above title has proved to us such a fruitful 
cause of disappointments and vain researches in the 
dusty garret of^ an old church, and in the damp cellars 
of our dealers in second-hand books, that it is not with 
unmitigated sorrow that we find ourselves constrained 
to state that Albert Pigghe, freauentlv called Pighius 
Campensis (1490-1542'), was /rightnilly homely*, a 
Pelasgian', and probably a plagiarist. 

A certain stress has been placed by Humboldt^ upon 
the following passage, which the reader will find on 
page 28 : 

* NicsaoN, Aihmiretf Vol. xxxix. ' Calvin, Retpomt. fntrs Pigkimm^ 

* " la bmtessa d*ttn riso unto spia- Opiue. TUol,^ p. 140, in Bayli, Die- 
ceuule,** Oovio, de gli H^fomhi fam9ti in thnusirt^ Vol. ni, p. 711, mti. 

liUere^ p. ais. * EstMMt Oritifmt, Vol. rr» p. 145. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana, i8i 

Terra etiam noua Chriftianiflimi hif- i52o, 
panarium regis aufpiciis a Vefputio nuper —=— 
inuenta/ quam ob fui magnitudinem mun- 
dum nouum appellant vltra oequatorem 
plus 3 5 gradibus vefputii obfervatione pro- 
tendi cognita eft et necdum finis inuentus.' 

** Fa stupore egualmente," says Canovai*> ** che Alberto Pighio Cam- 
pense nell' anno 1520 conservi i suoi diritti al Vespucci ad onta di 
tutte le macchine che contro di lui gii cominciava ad innalzare la 
potente Famiglia del Colombo : terra etiam ncva, &c." 

Pirtci rtftrencet : ( Migni, Encyclopidie Tkhlogifuty Vol. xlu, col. 670. 

Cancillisri, DisurtaaioHif page 46. 

Watt, Biblioth*ca BritsHHicay Vol. 11, col. 757. 

GtAK^ts, Vol. ▼, page 289; and, if we can trust a memoranduin 
half-efYaced, Waolir, Bibli§tbtca Astronomi^y page 339; Pam- 
ssa, Anmslet Tyfogr,, Vol. Tin, page 69; Blount, CiHtura 
Cehkr, AmtJk9r^ page 417. 

I O 8 • SOLINUS-CAMSRS-^ ffitbin an ornament ai border : 


Additus eiufdem Camertis Index/ 1| turn 
literarum ordine, turn re- || rum notabiliu 
copia/ per- || comodus Studiofis. || Cum 
Gratia & Priuile- || gio Imperiali. || 

* jittglici: The new land lately dlt- by the obtenration of Vctpoccius to ex- 

covered by Vetpuccius under the auspices tend further than thirty-five degrees be- 

of the most Christian King of the Spalns, yund the equator, and the end of it has 

And which, on account of its magnitude, not yet been found. 

has been called the new world, is known * f^^g't pp. 199* 300 (ed. 1S17). 

Digitized by 


1 82 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1520. C$hfh$n: 

==— EXcvsvM Bst HOC opvs soLiNi- || anum cu 
Ennerationibus egregii facr^ The- || ologise 
Dodoris lOANNis CA- II MERTis Minoiitaniy 
Anno na- || tiuitatis domini. M.D.XX. || 
Vienna^ AuftriaB per lo- || anne Singreniu, 
im- II penfis honefti || lvcae alantse, ciuisA 
Bibli- II opolaB Viennenfis. || 

%* Folio, title one leaf-f- seven preliminary leaver -f- three hun- 
dred and thirty-six pages -f- two unnumbered leaves, with the 
above colophon on the recto of the second, followed by a 
woodcut representing two griffins supporting a shield, sur- 
mounted by a tree -f- fifteen leaves for index, on the verso of 
the last, Singrenius' mark. Text in Roman characters. 

(British MuieuiD.) 

«< Der Minorite Gamers (sein eigentlicher weltlicher Name war 
Giovanni Rienzzi Vellini', aus Camerino in Umbrien gebartig und 
Lehrer in Wien [1468-1 546]^ datirt seine Vorrede zum Solinus Vien- 
nae"* Pannonis VI. Calendas Febr. anno post Christi natalem 
MDXX. Apianus (Peter Biencwitz, geb. 1495 zu Leissnig bei Meis- 
sen), gibt folgenden Titel seiner Karte, auf der zuerst der Name 
Amerika in dem sudlichen Theile des Neuen Kontinents eingeschrie- 
ben ist : Typus Orbis universalis juxta Ptolomei Cosmographi Tra- 
ditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque lustrationes a Petro Apiano 
Leysn. elaboratus. Anno Do. MDXX. Y>tt Isthmus von Panama 
ist auf der Karte des Apianus von einer Meerenge durchschnitten, 
was um so merkwikrdiger ist, als dieser, bis in die neuesten Chines- 
ischen Weltkarten fortgepflantze offene Isthmus sich auch auf dem 
Globus von Johann Schdner findet, der dasselbe Alter hat. Dazu 
fUgt die Karte des Apianus in der Ausgabe des Gamers Qber den 
am gr6ssten geschriebenen Namen America die Inschrift hinzu : 
Anno 1497 haec terra cum adjacentibus insulis inventa est per Co- 
lumbum Januensem ex mandato Regis Castillae." 


' CLBMKNTyB/A//»/i. Ckr. Vol. Ti, p. 146. not sute whether chu edition containa 

* There it another edition of Solinut likewise the map which imparti to much 

of the tame date, supposed by some authors importance to the Vienna book, 
to be anonymous, but which was also pub- Within a highly ornamented border : 
lithed by Camen. At it it extremely C. 1VLII|| SOLINI POL YHISTOR J 

rare, we intert in thit place a tranacript of S£V RER VM ORBIS ME || MORA- 

the title, although our memorandum doet BILIVM COLECTANEA. || 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Ammcana, 


This remarkable map, which, thus hr, it the earliest with the I ^ 20« 
name of JmericM inscribed, is inserted close to the verso of the en^HnsB 
eighth leaf. It is a woodcnt 11} + i^ inches, with an ornamented 
border, and bears the following inscription : 


The southern continent is separated firom the northern, and ex- 
tends just to the equator. On the southern part, we read : 

Anno 1497, hac terra cum a'diacetib^ 
infulis inueta eft per Columbum lanuen- 
fem ex mandato regis caftelle AMERICA 

North, several islands, one marked ISABELLA, under which the 
following queer inscription : 

Spagnolla infula in qua rep/r guaicu 

Which would almost entitle the work of Ulrich de 

Hutten on Guaicum wood to a place in our BibUotheca. 

The northern continent is termed Terra incognita. 

This valuable map was also inserted in the Pomponius 

Yeno of the title-jnge : 


Colophon : 

C$UMi4e apud EucAsriitm CeruUor || num 
6^ ^ronem Fmckt. jimno || uirgimei psrtut. 
M,D. II XX. mmu Decern- 1| hrL |j 

%* 4tOy ninety-two nomoered leaTes. 

It it also tuted that there it a Basle 
of Camen. It not the Selimiu 

published in that city, folio, 1538, by 
Sebastian Miinster (as a'ppean on p. 46 of 
this Basle edition) intended ? Se<e FrbY' 
TAG, Apparat, Lift., Vol. iii, p. 649. 

* jfng/iei: Delineation of the entire 
world, prepared according to the teach> 
ing of Ptolemy the cosmographer, and 
the voyages of Americas Vespuccius 
and others, by Peter Apian of Leiss- 
nig [Saxony]. 

Digitized by 


184 Bibtiotheca Americana. 

1 520* Mela of 1522 {infra)y and necessarily preceded the map- 
^BB^mssmpemonde bearing also the word America^ and inserted in 
the sumptuous Ptolemy of 1522 (infra). 

The cartography of the sixteenth century is of such 
importance to the student of American history that we 
deem it necessary to devote more space to maps and 
geographical works than has been heretofore the custom 
in bibliographical compilations. We will, therefore, 
describe all the maps contained in the works before us, 
and add, at the end of the present volume, a Cartographia 
Americana^ or description of the geographical delinea- 
tions engraved or printed separatdy, before 15^0. 
Researches have also been instituted in the Imperial, 
Mazarine and St. Genevieve libraries at Paris, for the 
purpose of bringing to light the manuscript maps of 
that period which refer to America, 

Direct refcrencts: ( Fabricius, Bihlitktca Latiiia (ed. 1711)9 VoL 1, page 415. 
i MAiTTAiftE, jinmalet Typ^gr.^ Vol. ▼, Part ii, page 150. 
I EaNBrri, introd. to the Bipont edit, of S^liniu^ Sto, 1794, page s. 
Bihihtkum Hekeristta, Part x, No. 713. 
EiBtTy Dictionary. 
' Introd. to OniLLANT, GtKhickte Jet S, Bekium, p. 8. 

I 5 2 I . I 09* MONTALBODDO {FRANC. DKy-Ricto 0/ tbi first haf: 

""^""""^ iPaefl nouameitte tftrouati per II la Nauigatione 
di Spagna in Calicut. Et da Alber || tutio 
Vefputio Fiorentino intitulato Mon || do 
Nouo. Nouamente Impreflb. || 

Then vignette representing Venice, filling the rest of the ptge. 
Cohpbon : 

€ Stampata in Venetia per Zorzo de 
Rufconi Milk || nefe. Nel. M.D.XXL adi. 
xy. de Febraro. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Ammca$ui. 185 

*^* Sm. 4to for size; title one letf -f- one hundred and twenty I52I4 
onnumbered leaves for text -f- three unnumbered leaves for sh^^^h 
the uble. Printed in Roman in two columns. 

(Private Ubrary, New York.) 

Mr. Hanrott, in a note to the Grenville copy, states 
that this edition, ^^ though not so rare as the preceding 
ones of 1507 (No. 48) and ico8 (No. ^^)y contains 
more at the end." Per contra, Nodier says' that all the 
editions, except these two, ^^ont eprouve, dans piusieurs 
endroits du texte, des alterations sensibies, et pour des 
causes particuiieres," while Brunet* calls this number a 
"simple reimpression de Tcdit. de 15 17" (No. 90) ; 
and then proceeds to reopen the controversy as regards 
the original compiler of the Paesi, in these words : 

'* Ce nom de Montalb$dd0 Fracin. ou FraMC.(jinzaM$) se lit cer- 
tainement dans toutes les editions de ce recueil. Nous voyons meme 
que c'est celui sous lequel est placee I'edition de 1 507, dans la Bib- 
hotb, pimiLt <ltti passe pour etre I'ouvrage de Tabb^ Morelli. Ce- 
pendant ce savant bibliothecaire, dans ses notes sur la lettre de Co- 
lomb% dit que le recueil de voyages {Mond$ novo) imprime k Vicence, 
en 1507, a it€ donne par les soins d'un certain Fracanzio, natif de 
Monti Albodo^ dans la marche d'Ancdne» et reprend \ ce sujet ceuz qui, 
d'apr^s la mauvaise le^on de I'epltre cit6e, ont attribue ce livre \ un 
pretendu Montalboddo Frnncnnzano, C'est aussi ce que repete Zurla, 
di Marco Pnlo, vol. 11, p. 108." 

This note of Brunet, together with the use which we 
made of Zorzi^s name in mentioning the preceding edi- 
tions of the present work, and the alteration introduced 
at the suggestion of M. D'Avezac (see supra. No. 70) 
make it incumbent on us to state our authorities for 
ascribing then the compilation of the Paesi to Alexan- 
der Zorzi. 

' Caulogoe of 1844, Part i^ No. 1042. di grande merito indotti fiirono a nomin- 

' Vol. T, col. 1 1 59. are quel raccogUtore dalla guasta leaione, 

*<*... per open di an Fracaiiaio, cbe il libro nella lettera dedicatcria, con 

che vri profeitaTa Letteie, ed era native da altre molte d^iroporunaa, pretenta t le 

Monte Alboddo, terra nella Marca An- qaali bene spesso vennero adottate da Fra 

conitana; non di an Montalboddo Fra- Arcangelo da Madrignano,** ftc. {Letters 

cansano Vicentino, ticcome acrittori anche rmriuiwtm^ pp. 45-46). 

Digitized by 


1 86 

Bibliotheca Americana. 

1521* In the first place, we had the authority of Hum- 
HHBHBK- boldt^, and in the second place the explicit statement of 
Baldelli, upon which it is based. Baldelli, in his ex- 
tremely curious note* to the Milione^ mentions his dis- 
covery in the Magliabechi Library of a copy of the col- 
lection of voyages known as the Paesi of 1507, which 
contained a transcript of a letter stating that when Bar- 
tholomew Columbus visited Rome in 1 505 he made a 
present of the account of his brother's discoveries to a 
certain canon, who afterwards gave it to ^^ the compiler 
of the said collection — cotnptlatore della nucoUa pre- 
deita.*' Not having the means of consulting that let- 
ter, which, so far as we know, has never been printed, 
we were constrained to accept Baldelli's version of it, 
which we had no reason to question. At all events, 
Humboldt was perfectly justified in making his state- 
ment on the authority of Baldelli. It is only for those 
who have had the good fortune of reading the contents 
of the letter itself to state, if such is the case^ that the 
learned editor of Marco Polo's Milione misunderstood 
its purport. True it is that the manuscript additions 
to the Magliabechi copy contain notes, which are also 
ascribed to Zorzi, and imply a date later than 1 507, but 
there is no evidence that Zorzi was not living as late as 
1524. Zeno, Fontanelli, Tiraboschi, and nearly all 
the historians of Italian Literature, whose works we 
have been able to consult, ignore our Zorzi, but we can 

* Bxamm CriiifMt, Vol. it, p. 80 {id, 
mpra, p. 96). 

* ^^ Una acooerta da me Atta, reca alcnui lami, 
e neccMiti delk rettificaaioni Imponaoti, relativa- 
mente all* iUostrazioiM di qocsto celcbre mappa- 
mondo Ifra Maaro*t]. Etble nella BiblioCeca Mag- 
liabechfana (CUm. xiii. var. Patch. 8. Cod. n. ai. 
e 84.) la celebre Raecolta Vicentina delle naviga- 
zione dd Portnghesi, deUa qoale sari in accondo 
in aluo Inogo it nfionare, dtviu caprcHamente in 
due volnmi, nno conlencnte gli •cooprimenti orien- 
tali, Taltro gli ecddentali. fi U primo voluoie 
indtolato Nicoi6 Contit e d6 perchi 11 viaggie 
dd medcdmo ddla dettatora originale dd Pogcio 
h in fironte dd vdome. 11 tccoodo h indtdato Al- 
berico, pcrebi condene le nadgaxioni di Americo 
Veapocci. Clb die rende pie|ieToliasinia detta 
raccmta h che d kmio state aggiante le rdaxioni 
btarfwantiaMnic cd iaedita di parecchi daggiatori 

daMau perofdine croBolofico. Ho coo diligensa 
Mvdiau ooeMa raccoha, ecfbo tcoperto chi ae Ibaae 
il racco^tore. Nd Tdome tecoado, dopo la 
copia d*uBa lettera di Simone del Verde Florendno, 
icritu di Spagna a Matteo Cini mercante Piorea- 
tino in Vene^a a di a. Gennajo 1498. (Siil. 
Fiorendno) nella quale lo ragguaglia ddla ^au 
nadgaxione dd Colombo, aegoe t * InfbrmazioBc 
di Bartolonmeo Colombo della nadgadon di Po> 
nente, e Garbin nd Mondo Nnoro e d raccoata 
che ndl* CMere Bartolommeo In Roma nd 1505, 
dopo la morte di tuo firatello Cristofbro la dicde ad 
un firate Jeronlmo Canoniro regolare in S. Giovan 
Laierano, e ooead essendo in Venexia diede naa 
caru dd detti acuoprimend, e la rdaadooe di Bar- 
tolommeo ad Alcitandro Zorzi, too amico § cms- 
pilMTt dttim rmccdf prtd*ttm (T. ii. Intit. Albcr. 
p. 8a).** Suria itl Milhne ; Florence, 4to, 
1817, Vol. I, p. XXXII, MOtt, 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 187 

find nothing in Foscarini^ (who seems to be the foun- I52I« 
tain-head of all information concerning this viaggiatore wameam^m 
erudito) which precludes the possibility of his having 
annotated his own work. But we always defer cheer- 
fully to the opinion of those in whose experience and 
erudition we have been taught to place confidence, and 
did not hesitate to substitute the name of Fracanzano 
Montalboddo in the place of that of Alessandro Zorzi 
as the author of this most valuable collection of voyages, 
— ^which at no distant day we intend to reprint word 
for word, without notes or additions of any kind. 

Dirtct rtfertneti : ( TsuvAOZ, Bikli$eMifue AmMeaiwe^ No. 13. 
•j Bihliotktcm GremvUlisms^ page 765. 
I Hanrott, Langles and Libri (1859) Catalofuet. 
BaimiTy Vol. t, col. 1 1 59. 

I IO« MARTYR {PETERy-WitbtM s h^rdir disigmd by Holbiin: 

Infulisy fimulatcp incolarum || moribus^ R. 

Petri Marty/ II ris, Enchiridion, Domi/||nae 

Margaritas, Diui||Max. Caef. filiae || dicatum. 


First »ftbt titU-pMgt: 

DiENsi EXBBi || naco, diui quondd Maxi- 
miliani Csf. Augufti, nunc dius Mar- 
ga II rits Auguftae filiae medico clarifGmo || 
Adam Petri deditifGmus. || 

* Delim Letterstmrm Phumiina^ Lib. viiiy concerning the ciutomi of their inhabit- 
^age 3159 »^te 269. antt. Dedicated to Lady Margaret [of 

* Augilce : An abridgement concerning Flanders], daughter of the Empren Maxi- 
Che ialanda recently discovered nnder the milian [and aunt of Charles V]. Basle, 
fdgn of the Emperor Charles; and also 1521. 

Digitized by 


1 88 BibBotheca Americana. 

I C 2 1 • *4t* 4^^» ^^^ ^^^ leaf 4- twenty-one leaves ; twenty-eight lines in 

^ a full page ; Roman characters. 

■*™"™™ (Prirate Llbr., New York and ProTidencc) 

Judging from the following lines (on the second leaf): 

Ex MEARUM decadu libellis in uulgus 
emiffis colligere licet, Pater fande/ fiigi- 
tiuos quofdam ad uicina Darienfis appulfos 
noftrorum libellos admirantes dixiue • • • • 

the present is only an extract from the fourth Decade, 
made by Peter Martyr himself; and w/, as it is an- 
nounced in a well-known catalogue', ^^ a rare edition, 
scarcely known to bibliographers, which is neither con- 
tained in the Decades of the same author, nor an extract 
from them, but is the very interesting and curious Ori- 
ginal Account of the Discovery of those isles/' 

This extract is inserted in all the editions of the 
Novus Orbis^^ and added to the Antwerp reprint of 
Brocard's Descriptio Terra Sancta^, It was published in 
French by Sitnon de Coline^^ and in German oy Honiger' 
von Konisshofen. We find many references to the 
reprints of this abstract in the early writers on Mexico. 
It mentions the Grijalva expedition, and, we believe, 
the first voyages to Darien. 

Dirttt refirences t ( Pansu, jfrntisJes Typigr,^ Vol. tt, page 227. 

•j MAssuciisLU, Gli Scrittori iTIisIiSy Vol. i, Part n, page 776. 
I NictaoN, Mimoiretf Vol. xiiii, page 211. 
Tbknavx, Bih/iotAifMt AmirUmint^ No. 24. 
BHIiothtcm Hiherisns^ Part x, No. 1706. 
Bihtiotkeem BrofotiiamSf page 11, No. 33. 
BavNXT, Vol. I, col. 294. 
GaAiitXy Vol. I, page 1 30. 

' Bohn*8, Lond., 1847, p. 455. * Paris, 1532 {infrs), 

' Edit, of Basle, 1532, pp. 570-584; of * mpud Dtr Nmtn Wtlit mmd Iih- 

'55S» P* 497» f* dimni$ek*m Ni^Uriingiteken XtidrrgicAs § 

'1536, and not 1537, as is stated Basil, 3 toIs. fbl., 1582-83, Vol. 11. 

tuprSf p. 125. (Private Libr., N. Y. and Provideiicc.) 

Digitized by 


Biilhthecs jtmericsM. 189 

III* UONTjtLBODDO-DU REDOUMR-^Ricte rf thi first Um/: I 5 2 I < 

S<S^ftit)t U Hnttiinratt tii5- 
"ht ti na II ntgatiims: /at- n 

tu% pat Smeric He befytue ^flotentfitiBes sass 
et ifles notttteUemtt trottttefiau yattAtUaiuif icflg^ 
neuf Cant en letf^iope 4 attabieicalllfcf^tttir anltres 
pluTienttf tegions eftranges || CtanAote He stolif 
en langue francosfe pat || motfitttin Hn teHonet 
lie^ t% IO50 XX'. 

Then vignette representing a circle. With the constellations. 

€ <Et5 (inift le Ifnte intitule le nonneatt vnSnt x 
nattigotionllHe Smetic He befpuee Hes nanigotias 
tftictes p le tos He pot || tngol t% pass Heis moteis et 
aulttes regions et Hinets pass II Jntptime a Tl^ws\» 
pat iPf^elippe le ftoit. II 

%* Sm. 4to for size» signatures ai» aii aiii + one blank, then 
b i, b ii, &c. Title one leaf -f three unnumbered leaves -f 
eighty-eight numbered leaves. Text in Gothic. 

(Harrard CoUege Ubraiy.) 

Philip le Noir was the son of Michael Le Noir, who 

Stinted at Paris as early as 1489. He succeeded his 
ither in 1514, and we find his name amon^ the twenty- 
four printers who exercised their art in Paris under tne 
enlightened rule of Francis I, in 1521*. We place this 

^ ^Cet chiflSres qii*oii trouTe tr2t-«oo- cette maraoe aa lieu dlmprimer on re- 

Ytiit, tv le dtre, et d*aotrei foil 4 la fin gitcre.** Dt Boat, apud No. 4543 of 

do Tolomey indiqoent le nombre des tig- Catal. La Valli^. 
natorei ^ui compoeent la totality de Toa- ' Dipot, art. TypograpkU^ in EneytU- 

▼rage .... Let imprimenrt mettaient ^die BMtrmi^ Vol. 26, p. 754. 

Digitized by 


190 BibKotheca Americana. 

1 52 1.* edition under the latter date, solely in deference to 
mmmm^Bsm Brunet's remark that ^* d'apres le nom du libraire, elle 
ne peut etre anterieure a Tannee 1521." 
The passage, Chapt. cvii, f. lxviii : 

''.... laDimfral et fon ixttt lefquels Uxti mto 
t% itt% X eitttoset a la bolte Befyafgne et lies ce 
quilt furh acurHeis le lElos et la tosne Heiipaigne 
le0 eitttosetent Helittter et leis iitent benfr a lent 
court bottlontaftement en laquelle an iitefent iour 
U0 it trotttterenf' 

micht lead to the belief that the work was written as 
early as 1 506, but for two similar assertions which we 
find in the Itinerarium •(ch. cviii.) and the Unbekanthe 
LandUy (ch. 108), both of which were printed as late as 
1508. We even read it in the Novus Or bis of 153 a ! 

Direct refiremcti t f Camvi, Mkm^irts tur de Bry^ page 346. 
<< Lhfret Cmritmx^ No. lao. 
( BftVNtT, Vol. ▼, col. 1 160. 

1522. I I 2« POMP, MELA'FADIAN.—WitbtM M widi ornsmentid border : 

LiBRi TREs. AccvRATis || finie emendati, uni 
cu Commetariis loachimi || Vadiani Helu- 
etii caftigatioribus, & multis || in locis auc- 
toribus metis : id quod cddi || dus ledor 
orbiter, & in tranfcurfu || facile depre- 

* So much itrett hat been placed by toiy, that we mutt nodce, at least in a 

foouxTTA{Hitfri4e GtmminuuM libri x\\\ note) the earliest authority lor the sute* 

Genoa, fbl., 1585, ioL 1 10, republuhed in ment. It is Prm d'Abano, Oncilimfr 

Q%Mfvn TAetsmrMs smtif, JtsI, Vol. i) J^erMi.*i//«M)^A«r.^ Mantua, fbl., 1492 ; 

on the unfortunate Toyage of Dona and many edttioos (in that of Venice, ml., 

ViTaldi, the two Genoese navigators who 1521, the statement is on IbL 97). Ca- 

are supposed to have anticipated Colum- wom^ jfMMsIes $ Genoa, fol., 170S, p. »S, 

bus toward the end of the thirteenth cen- should also be consulted. 

Digitized by 


BibHotheca America$ia, 191 

hendet. II ADiECTA funt praeterea loca ali- 1522. 
quot ex vADiANi com||mentarijs fummatim ■'^^— 
repetita, & obiter explicata : in quibus || 
aBftimandis cenfendif^ dodriflimo uiro 
loanni camerti || ordinis Minorum Theo- 
logo, cum loachimo vadiano || non ad- 
modum conuenit. || rvrsvm, Epiftola Vadi- 
ani, ab eo pene adulefcente ad Ru || dolph- 
um Agricolam iuniorem fcripta, non in- 
digna ledu, || nee inutilis ad ea capienda, 
quae aliubi in Commentarijs fuis libare 
magis, quam longius explicare uoluit. || 

Cantem at friniUgU^ ne alibi hoc 9pus proximo trienno imprimatur, 


Colophon : 

^^* Folio, title one leaf + nineteen preliminary leaves unnum- 
bered -f- two hundred and twenty-two numbered pages -f- one 
unnumbered leaf with verso blank -f- another title -f- forty- 
one leaves -f- one leaf with recto blank, and verso containing 
the printer's mark. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

** Seconde edition de Vadianus [the first being dated 1518] fort- 
changee et corrig^e sur des MSS., le commentaire contient beaucoup 
de notices utiles, mais une foule de choses bizarres, p. ex. il raconte, 
note \ L.iii, ch. 3. qu'une salade de harengs est un mets for delicat 
et salubre." (OtAXMt'.) 

We must warn our readers that the above is not the 
only obnoxious passage in the present work. The Index 

• Trifr^ Vol. ▼, p. 401. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 5 2 2« Libr. Prohib. Expurg. 6? Damn,^ gives a long list, in the 
oiMH^Hi interesting passage, which begins on page ^57, in these 
words : ^^ Post adhibitam notam Auctons damnati," 
and ends with ^' — In tit. Epist. loach. Vadiani ad 
Rudolphum Agricola, quae incipit, Grata admodum ift^e 
graii^y dele, i defare laureatus^ 

This edition should contain the map described supra 
No. 108, and which is thus described by Muiler^ : 

** America appears on it at a narrow strip of land extending from 
55th degree of southern latitude to about 65° N. A broad channel 
traverses the isthmus of Panama. More remarkable still is the out- 
line of Greenland, which bears here the same name as on the cele- 
brated Zeui^ chart, namely Bngronelant. The configuration 
also of the country is so much alike in both, that they must have 
proceeded from the same source." 

See on the recto of the first leaf following P-f 4, the passage : 

" Ex recentionim autem inquiiidoney fi 
Americam a Vefpuccio repertam, & earn 
EoaB terrae partem, quae terrae i Ptolemaeo 
cognitae adieda eft, ad longitudinis habi- 
tatae rationem referimus, longe ultra hem- 
isphaBrium habitari terrd coftat : Imo non 
ulcpadeo imenfum pelagus interefle inter 
extimum ab America occides &; oriens 
Ptol. poftremum, quin fere toto globi am- 

' Madrid, folio, 1667. 

* Catalogue $ Berlin, 1861, No. 86. 

Fi^h in PertUi- di M. Cattritu Zemo il 
K, jpy del/e gmtrrt faite ntlt hmpnio 
PirtismOf || dsl tempo di yssuncsssain in 
Mi. uiM DTB. 11 BT DELLO SCO- 
PRAiSNTO^delr Me Frislmrnds^ Em- 
Umdtf BmgrwtUnds^ Sste || tilaads^ 9 
hetris^ faif totf il Poh jfrtiee, 4m\dme 
frstetli sm/, M. Nieo/i il K, e M, Ante- 
ni; II UBio nco. || con tn DUcaNo PAa- 

TicoLAftB DI H tutu U dette pmrte di Tr«- 
wtentmms dm lor tcoperte, y con GaATIi^ rr 
panriLsoio. || 

V£RI ['woodemt] TAS. || 

^ IN TENITIA II Per Frsmeetco Bimf- 
//»/. MDLVIII. 

%* lamo, 58 namb. C 

(Private Libr., Brooklja.) 

See also concerning the two Zenii, thdr 
Toyaget and maps, ZuaLA, Di Mmxo 
Polo a degli mltri yiaggiatori yeueuimui f 
Venice, 410, 181 8, Vol. 11, pp. 7-94. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Jmericatta. 193 

bitu terra habitationis frequentia culta fit, 1522. 
quod ex Geographical defcriptionis globulo ■^~~ 
perpulchre dinofci poteft/' 

Dirtet refiremctt: ( PABtiavt, BiUhtkeem Lstimm (ed. 1711) ) Lib. ti, c 8» VoL i* 

\ PV346- 

I HoMtOLOTy Introduction to Onillant*! BeAsim^ page 8. 

MiUitktem Tk»tttmns^ Vol. ▼, page loj. 

Biklitheem Bar/owisms^ — . 

Ebut, Dkthmsry^ No. 13619. 

I I 3« ASONrMOUS^fFitbm a widt 9ruMmintid hTiir : 

%n»^im gewtHtif* Nr4 H Sice Kel i« 9teM 
^lei II frtu 9IUrg«rete« $er#igift ift 9wr || gaaki )i 

Then a very unseemly portrait of the Emperor. 

On verso of the title, a complicated coat-of-arms, repeated on 
the verso of the last leaf, with this inscription on a scroll : 

AH. 1517, ifyq V0niu. 

*,* Sm. 410, tin* MMMo MMt hit, title one leaf + three unnumbered 
leaves ; many woodcut* ; no water-mark. 

The conquest of the city of Mexico by Cortes is 
slightly alluded to on verso of A iij, in these words : 

'' m, Miett kit \vt fe(le« <«fe( |tie« || fl| ertievt eiii 
fitt gewntt SetmjHtMiiia \ttvk gejtft ^ fi^lig tM' 
fest |<(k llittei ittt ei- 1| «er gltea ri«<t|mtitre« \»%u 

(Private Library, New York.) 

* AMglici: Translation from the Spanish f Angliei : Not far from the lame iaUnd 

into French ; addreaied by the Viceroy of they have con^ered a city called Tennt- 

Naplet to Margaret, DocheM of Bur- fltan, wherein sixty thousand hearths have 

gundy. been counted, within a good indoture. 


Digitized by 


194 Bibliotheca Americana, 

1 C 2 2 • 114. y^ilR THRMA'DIAS-^Recto of tbi first Um/: 

|ttitevM0 it %iximm it Vmw 

tfiema ISolognefe ne lo IBBSptome la ^ulltiai 
ne la flrabta Hefetta x feUceme la $er || name la 
JnDiia i r ne la IBttUipCa. la f eHe || el biuere x tnU 
ttttnf Die le ptefate prouiiuU. II St al ptefente 
agiontotti alcf)ttne Jfole no 1 1| uamente lEtitrouatte. I 

Then fine vignette representing i min bent on a globe. 
CtUpboB : 

C! Stampata in Venetia per li heredi de 
Georgio di || Rufconi Nellanno della in- 
carnatione del no || ftro fignor lefu Chrifto* 
M.D.XXIL adillXVII. de Setembrio. Reg- 
nado lo || inclito Principe Antonio || Gri- 
mano. || 

*^* Sm. 8vo ; title one leaf + one hundred and one qnnumbered 
leaves, printed in two columns, in Roman characters. * 

(Private LJbraiy, New York.) 

The Itinerary of Grijalva commences on the verso of 
signature M. It is this edition which supplied the text 
for Mufloz', Navarrete's and Prescott's transcripts, 
made from the copy in the Columbian library at Seville, 
once the property of Fernando Columbus, and then 
supposed to be the only copy in existence. The text, 
together with a translation into Spanish, have been pub- 
lished by Senor Icazbalceta'. 

^ In C^ieccioM de D9eumemt9t imeJitos fr hat been supplied with <liflerent readings, 
U Hist9ris de MexUo^ Vol. i, p. 307, copied from an earlier edition, and whkh 
«f . The learned Mexican bibliographer will probably appear in hit second volnae. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana, 

lie. ANONrMOVS-^Recto of the first leaf: 


©ar Mpfcl) V 6 r)en Tflc wen 
f nf€ln>.vnt) von yrem fatten 


Digitized by 


196 Bibliotheca Americana, 

I C22« %* jfo, siBi MMMP MMt l$C9, eight leavesy text in Gothic type. 

'^^^^ Water-mark, a large P. 

'""'"""^"" (Private Librar., New York and Providence.) 

'* Conuining an abridged account of the voyages of Columbus, 
and of the conquest of Mexico down to the year 1522, was printed, 
it is supposed, at Augsburg by Sigmund Grimm, about 1522." 

(iV. r SfllMi^K) 

** Mr. Panizzi's MS. account of the book inserted in the volume 
[Grenville copy] is vexy interesting: he thinks Temauz had not 
seen it, because he states that the account extends only to 1519, 
whereas it extends to 1522, in which year it was probably printed. 
At the end is the device of Augsburg, a pine cone, and no doubt it 
was printed there." 

{^Mihlitkecm GrtmviUUn^,) 

There is a full account of Sigmund Grimm in ZapPs 
Augsburgs Buchdruckergeschichie\ and Panzer* gives the 
list of all the works known to have been printed 
by this " Gelehrter und Doctor der Arzneygelehrsam- 
keit" from 15 17 to 1524 the year in which Zapf sup- 
poses him to have died, but in neither work do we 
find a reference to the book before us. We infer that 
it is ascribed to Grimm on account of a supposed 
resemblance in the type. 

Dinet refergmat ( Tbknavx, No. %%. 

I BiUitikttM BrtwmisMo^ page 10, No. %%, 

1 1 6. ANONrMOUSr-fFitbin s h^ritr : 

€ ®f tfyt nefeDe lAHra anH of s< people || fornUie 
tff tfyt meffensers of tl^e Hsn || ge of pottsgoU 
ttameU SmaniteL || ®f tt)e .x* Hsuetis noesons tc^U 
teneH. || ®f pope Jop anH \\» lantres anH of tfie 
coftels iteses anH feDonDiertf molo || Uses tfiat in tfiot 
lanUe is. || 

* Angliei t Pleasant new tidings, re- ' Appendix, p. ltii, from which we 

cently come from India to His Imperial borrow the preceding woodcut. 
Majesty. Very beautiful concerning the * Part 11, p 125. 
new islands and their customs, very amus- * Vol. i, p. xwt, 
ing to read. * jimnmUt Typ^gr., Vol. xi, p. M5. 

Digitized by 


Bibtiotheca Americana. 197 

Then woodcat representing a man decked with feathers, standing 1^22* 
with a spear in one hand and an arrow in the other, a woman is seated ^^aHHBBi 
nursing a child, whilst from a tree hang the head and legs of a 

On the reverse of the title four woodcuts, viz. : an elephant, a 
griffin carrying off a man, a phoenix rising from the flames, and * 
man with one eye in the middle of his forehead. 

Rttt0 *f the first leaf after the title: 

IQete afote tsmeis in ti)e gete of out Eot)ie go)i. 
fBiMxx.yM, X fo be Uiitf) ftSW^s of l^affeiioene 
\Usbim\ fagleU ottte of ^ortsngale ti)tottg1) tl^e 
cOmanHemlt of tf^e Itsnge Smanuel ^otatie toe 
1)0)1 out bsagei^fot ts fottune slanHeis ouet ti)e 
gteot fee toitf) gteat etarge anH Doftget fo taue toe 
at ttie lofte foftnUe oon [?] lotHftts)) tol)ere toe 
liasle)! toell. to. c. mi>le0 bs tf)e eoofte of ^elanHeiit 
tliete toe at $< lafte toent a lanUe tut tf^ot IflUe \% 
not notoe tnotof fot ti^ete i)aue no moftetiit tot^ten 
tlieteof not it tnotoetl)e an) it K% nameU Atmenita 
[/fr]itl)ete toe fatoe men|> toSDetis of fieiftes an)i 
fotoleiit s toe taue neuet feen tefoteitl)e peoiile of 
t||i0 lanUe tave no tt|)nge nor lorUe not ti)e|>t 
go)i ISut oU tl)inge0 is tontuneitliis iieople goetl) 
all nateH ISut tfie x^fxi anH toomen f^aue on tl)e|>t 
f^een necfteifttmeisittneeisian)! fete all toitf) feUets 
ioflien fot tf^ete fietotsnes x fa|>tene0. W^tXt folfte 
Isuen l|>tte tefteis toitf)out an|> tefonatlenes anH tf^e 
tosmen be alfo as tomon. Sln)i tl)e men i)att) tons 
uetfat)on toiti) ttie togmenitoto tl)at tties ten ot 
toto ttes fstft meteiiis i^t \\% fsitetitis ntoHeti 
%\» Haugttet I ot ans oti)et ftsteH. AnH tte 'rn^vxr^ 
te bets l)oote anb bsfyofeb to letfietbneis. Anb ti)es 

Digitized by 


* 198 Bibtiotheca Americana. 

1522. ftf oUo onanntltet CTte man etetlie ti0 teste l^ts 
-""^-» (f^Sl^v^^ ■ A0 tee alfo i)atte feen an)i tties i)ange otfo 
tl)e f)0)iseii( ot petfonis fleefel^e fit tl)e ftnote as men 
Do teitt b)E( lte$ne0 flefl)e. Sin) tf)at lanUe to qigl)t 
full of folfteifot tt)es Isue eomonl|> .Ui. t. sete r 
mote ais in fslteneffe tfies lige notitl)e|> tafte muet) 
tsfffie for tf)es can goen bn)iet tl)e teatet: ann feejie 
fo ti)e fsfcf^es out of tl)e teater. 7 tties teemce alfo 
byon a nott)erifor tfie olUe men ttsnge ttie songe 
men tl)ettoitl)at tf)es gatf^et: a great eompang tf^etes 
to of totee |iartse0ian)i eometlie on agene tl)e otfier 
to tf)e feUie of tatesUir flee on tfie oti)er teiti) great 
liepeis. An)i totee l)ol)ie tl^e f|>llieitl)es tate tl)e 
ot^er prsfoneris anii tf^es ^xi%t ti^em to tietfi an)i 
ete tl)emian)i as tl^e oeeli to eten tf)en fles tfies tl)e 
refti^n)! tl^es ^^^^ ^^n ^^ alfoior ott)erte|>fe 
l|>tte tl)e|> longer for ti)e|> taue eoftels fpseeis r 
rote0itef)erett)estt)em felfe reeoner teiti) lann i)ele 
tl)em M tl)es te fette. 

The work then treats of ibt blttk M»res, of the /ai$Je of jf/Jdgt, 
jtrtiia, of great Indyen, of Gutscbin that Kjngtitme, of the x Jyutret 
trUttntd nadtns i each subject preceded by an appropriate woodcut. 
After the letter of Poft J»b», dated " Writttn in curt My fatUys in 
the byrtb if my silfi .v. biirti and seuen ;" we find the following 
colophon : 

Smptniteli Its me Joi^ft of BeHiototoe: 

with a woodcut representing a crown sormounting the escutcheon, 
three lions quartered with three fleurs-de-lys. On the last page it a 
woodcut representing Justice crowned, blindfolded, holding a sceptre 
and a wheel, underneath which an unintelligible line in Greek. 

%* 4to, sine ann$ aut loco^ twenty-four unnumbered leaves, 
thirty lines in a full page. 

(British Museum.) 

Digitized by 


Biblioiheca Americana, 199 

Thus hxy the present is the first book in the English I522t 
language containing a notice of America (called therein aa^B^B 
Armenica). Herbert' is of opinion that from mention- 
ing Emanuel, King of Portufi;al, and exclaiming against 
Luther, this work may have been printed ** about 1521 
or 1522/' when King Emanuel died, and Luther was 
burnt in effigy. As to the printer, John of Docs- 
borough or Jan van Docsborch*, he printed at Antwerp, 
perhaps as early as 1502', but as late ^ 1525^ 

Dirttt refirtncett € ' HsaiBSTy T^f g r spkitsI jintipUHti, Vol. in, pcge 1 533. 
i Biklitkttm Grtw9tllimmm^ pcge 14. 
( LowNotti Msmmsl, Part ▼. page 1 306. 

I 1 7 • PTOLEMr-FRISIUS-^WitbtM an 0rMMmiMtid korier : 

CLAVDII PTOLEMiEI || alexandrini 
Mathematico^ principis/ opus Ceographi9l| 
nouiter cafHgatii & emaculatu addiddibus. 
raris et iuuifis. necnon || cii tabularum 
in dorfo iucunda explanatione. Regiftro 
quocR totius II opens, tam Geographico. cp 
ctia niftoriali. facillimii introitii prebeti. jj 



ocTo libri Geographic ipfius Autoris ad 
antiquitate fuam in- || tegri & (inevUa cor- 
niptioe. cum coUatione di6lionu grecani 

* Pamxsi, Ammslet Tyf^gr.^ Vol. r, p. MmkumI^ Vol. 1, p. 42, and Dibdin, Ukrmry 
468, Vol. XI, p. ooi. Cm^wioti, p. 174 (ed. 1814)* 

* See the fint edition of TAt mamet o/tJke * Pansse, Anmmlet Typ^sfkiei^ VoL 
Bsyiifi^ Ouft Msyert snd SJktre/t (Rich- xi, p. 155, and BiUitfkiU Btlge^ Vol. ▼, 
ard Aniold*i Chronicles); tf. LowNoia, p. 111. 

Digitized by 


200 BibHotheca AmericaHa. 

1522. e regide || ad latinas. certifllma graduu cal- 
"■"■=' culatioe examinati. || 

RBGisTRVM Item alphabedcu omniu re- 
gionu. prefeduraru II ciuitatu. Fluuio. ma- 
riu. lacuu. portuu Silua^. oppido^. villas, 
gen II du & niftoriaru fingula cerdflimo in- 
dice monftrans. 

POST hoc Sequutur tabule. qua^ nuero. 
xxvij. erut. Prima fez Generale orbis de- 
fcripdone tradens iuxta mente Ptolem^i. 
Europe II poft hie tabule. &. Aphric^ . iiij. 
afi^. xii. et vna corpors fperici inplao || 

HAS fuccedut neoterieo^ perluitradoes. ea 
que abandiqs. emitia || xx. tabulis ad im- 
plentes. Et in haru omnium. tS vetuftio^i 
(( recen- || do% tergis expofitoes vni lateri. 
dteri vero lucubradoes incudiflime || rituu. 
eafda plagas habitandu (cu varijs mirabilib^ 
mudi) incubut. || 

TANDEM breuis fub oritur dodrina. igno- 
rddbus viam pr^ || bens fhidu aufcultandi 
Geographicu/ Qu^ hue vf(^ mulds in- || 
cognita/ & fepulta de lituit Gaudeat ig;t 
Ledor opdmus.|| 

HEc bona mente Lauredus Phrifius artis 
AppoUine^ dodor x || mathemadca^ ardum 
dientulus. in lucem iufllt prodire. || Agam- 
memnonis puteoli plurimu delicad : || 

Digitized by 


BibUoiheca Americana. loi 

Coiopb^n: '52 2. 

Joannes Grieninger ciuis Argentoraten || — — 
opera et expenfis proprijs id opus infigne. 
^reis II notulis excepit, Laudabilicp fine per 
fecit XII. die || Marcij Anno. M.D.XXII. || 

*^ Large folio, title one leaf -4- eighty-five unnumbered leaves -4- 
one leaf for spbera in plan$ -4- forty-nine maps, with descrip- 
tions on the reverse. Many well-executed woodcuts. 

(Harvard Coll. Library.) 

This Ptolemy derives its importance from the preface by Thomas 
Aucuparius, who praises Vespuccius extravagantly, but more espe- 
cially from the following maps : 

DEPICTA . 1522 . L . F . [Laurent Fri- 


This exhibits a kind of promontory advancing from the border on 

the left of the reader^ which bears the names of oatOia^ Cam- 

bales. Caput. S. CrU., and the long-sought word AtllCt^ 

tea. The islands of Ysabella and Spagnola are also 
in sight. 

It is followed by another map (thirtieth), bearing the following 
inscription on a scroll : 


D I W^ II) and exhibiting only the eastern shore of this continent, 
with the word PARIAS between 45"'-So'', whilst below the equi- 
noctial line we read the usual inscription : 

lUtt tetta ann aniacftttit? infttUs inuenta eft |^ 
Otttftofetttm II aColumtum ianuenfem tx maitiiato 

«lfgb (tBStdU. II 


Digitized by 


202. BibUoiheca AmericoHa. 

IC22« Then, close to a spirited woodcut representing ctnnibals feeding 
on human flesh : TERRA |j NOVA. 

This map does not exhibit the word ** America" anywhere. 

'' Eztat in hac editione perrara ad tertiam Africae mappam iam 
ftmosus iste de Palaestina locus, qui Serveto postea tanquam atrox 
crimen imputabatur. Cf. Mosheimii Anderweitiger Vers, einer Ket- 
zergeschichte, p. 260. sqq.** <Paiiii«'.) 

It is scarcely necessary to remind the reader that this 
victim of Calvin's intolerance and cruelty was only 
thirteen years of age, and yet at school in Spain, when 
the above-mentioned passage respecting Palestine, and 
which was laid to the charge of the unfortunate Servetus 
as a heinous crime, was first published. 

Dhrtct reftremta t C Fxaiiciot, Bikliotktem Gnees, Vol. ▼, page 175. 
•j Raidxl, Comment. eritieo-Utt, di Ptplem,, page 5!. 
I Humboldt, Rxamtm OitiftHf Vol. it, page 119. 
Napioni, Del Priwn Scopritpre^ page 87. 
Lelswxl, GiograpkU dm Mtyem-^t, Vol. II, page soS. 
Hoffman, Lexicon BiUiogr.^ Vol. in, page 319. 
Ebbbt, Dicthnsryf No. 18119. 

Il8. CORTES {FERNANDO)— Undir 4 Urge wieut refrt- 
sentimg the Emperor Charles F seated en the throne : 

Carta W vtiam ^btaW 
a fn. 3. xmy^ M tj^a- n 

Dot nfo Mot i)ot el capitS gmnral tiela nunta 
fyafta: Uamalio fmiSlio cotllUis. IBnla $1 i)a|e 
nlocid t\M XixxxM s ptrnvdM fln cueto q p ittU 
nttierto || nuettametf enel |>ttcatS Del afto He. t\x, a 
eft9 yte : s ta fometilro ala eotona II real He fu. ^. Hit. 
IBn efyecial l)ate telaeid He bna gtSHlffima iitoulda 
mils II tiea llamaHa <Sttliia: s He gtiHeis eiuHaHes s 
He marauUlofois eHi- 1| fiehiis : 5 He gtiHeis ttatos 9 

* .Am/. iy^«fr., Yol. Ti, f. 9I, 4acrika • cepgr with .nlj fintjr-Mrea our.. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 203 

xi%^M. WMxt \M i|(f as bna vkm tnarauUlofa || 1522. 
S t(ca qtoDais UamaHa ©imfxtfta : q efta por matas — — 
btUofa atte ftiificaliafo || tte bna gtitie laguna. Hela 
$1 ctttliali s vcottlcia fis tis bit gtSliiffttno feftor || 
UamaUo Dftuteefutna: tiSat le acaedetd al capttS s 
alo0 efpaftolf efpSto- 1| fas cofais be oi»t. atuenta 
(atgamlte bel gtibtmmo Motfo bel bldfo DAii- 1| 
tee^ma s be tm titois |> eetfmoniaiEt. s be eomo 
fe flmte. || 

Ctlopbtn : 

C Ea vttitntt tatta. be telaeion ftie Cmpreffa 
enla mtt|> noble 7 mtis leal cCubab be 3e- 1| tiUla : 
vot Jacobo ctQbeegee aletnan. ^. bUi. bias be 
^ottiHite. Afto be HA. b. 7. xjcij.* 

*^* Small folio for size (tignatures a, b, c, in eights, d, in four) ; 
twenty-eight unnumbered leave* ; with text commencing on 
the verto of the title-page. 


(Private Library, Providence.) 

The reader may consult concerning Hernando Cortes, 
his life, his exploits, and the immediate results of the 
conquest of Mexico, the works of Peter Martyr', Ber- 

* AmglM : Epistolary relation tent to built on a Urge lake, of which city and 
His Sacred Majesty the Emperor, our Lord, province the king is a great lord, called 
by the Captain-General of New Spain, Afnteefums^ where happened to the Cap- 
called Fernando Cortes, wherein is an ac- tain and Spaniards things astounding to 
count of the lands and provinces innumer- hear. With a full account of the great 
able, newly discovered in Yucatan, firom estate of the said Muteefuma, of his rites 
the year xix to the present ; and which he and ceremonies, and how he is attended, 
subjected to the Royd Crown of his Sacred The present Epistolary Relation was 
Majesty. There is an especial mention printed in the very noble and loyal city of 
of a very eitensive and rich province, Seville, by Jacob Cromberger, a German, 
called CmIvm i and of large cities and November 8th, 1522. 
marvelous edifices, and of great trade and ' Dt Orhe Nouo Pttri himrtyrh mb 
wealth, among which there is one richer AnglerU i Alcala, fol., 1530, Decades 11, 
and more wonderful than all, called Tim- iv and v ; De IniuHs mupe reptrth Ubtr^ 
ixtitaiiy which, with attonbhing skill, is in the AWm (hrkh of Basle, I53i» pp. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1522* nardino de Sahagun% Andres de Tapia', Lucius Ma- 
B9BB-SK rineo^ Gonzales Oviedo', Juan Gines de Sepulveda% 
Bartholomew de Las Casas^, Lopez de Gomara', Garcia 
del Palacio', Josef de Acosta% Geronimo Ramirez", 
Henrico Martinez", Antonio de Herrera"', Juan de 
Torquemada'*, Antonio de Remesal'*, Blasco de Lanu- 

570-584; opus epiU9hruM i Amsterdam, 
foL, 1670; Letten No. 650, 715, 717, 

* HiU9ris it U ewsfuisUi d* Mejeie^f 
Mexico, 4to, 1819. (Book, xn of the 
HistorU Genermly printed teparately.) 

' ReUchn kecks sokre U uuqmistm de 
Mexico, (An ejre- witness and participant. 
It *ts to he published in Vol. xx of Scflor 
Icazbalceta*s Coiecchit.) 

* De /at C9sas memormkUt dt RtprnMs^ 
Alcala, foX.y 1530. 

* Hiuoria Generml y NmtursI de Us /«- 
distf Madrid, 4 vols., fbl., 1851-55 
(which b the only edition containing Lib. 


* De rebui Hispmnorum gestis sd Mpvum 
erhem Mexicnmqme (seven books, based, ac- 
cording to MuAox, on Oviedo*s HisterU), 
apud Vol. II r, pp. 1-244, ^^ Opera cum 
edify turn iueditm f Madrid, 4 vols., 4to, 

* Hitterim Geuertd de Us IndUsy and 
Apologetics Hitteris iumsris cusute i Us 
cslidsdesy dispeticioUf descripcioUf &c,y de 
cuss gentet de Us Jndiss occideuts/es y 
meridienslesy still in manuscript, but very 
legible transcripts of which are preserved 
in private libraries, in New York, Boston 
and Washington. (We have examined 
one of these, and confess that we know 
of no work calculated to throw more 
light on the early history o( thb country 
than the Hiuoris of the good Bishop of 

' Crenics de U mueus BspsMs cen U con- 
tfuists de Mexico y otrss cotss keckss por 
Hernsndo Cortes, (id Part of the Sara- 
gossa edit., fol., 1554, see suprs^ p. 56, 
note 6.) Also, as a curiosity : 

Historis de Us conquistas de Hernsndo 
CofteSf escrits en espsMol por F, Lope% de 
GomsrSf trsd, si mexicsno por y. B. de 
Ssn Anton, MuMon Chimslpsin ^suAtle- 
kunitniM indico mexicsno : publicsU con 
vsrias notssy sdiciones por C, M, de Bus^ 
tsssemtef Mexico, % vols. 4to, 1826 . Sup- 

plement of 37 pp., dated 1827. (The 
Mexican MS. has never been seen, not 
even by Bnstamente hinuelf !) 

* Diilogos militsresf Mexico, 4to, 1553. 
** De Nsiurs Novs Orbis libri duo et de 
Promvlgstione Bvsngelii spud Barbsros; 
Salamanca, 8vo, 1589 j rV., Cologne, 
1596 ; (first draft of) Historis Nstvrsl y 
Morsl de Iss indiss; Seville, 410, 1590 ; 
id,f 8vo, 1 59 1; Barcelona, 8vo, 1591 
(spud Rnssyo de uns Bibliot. EspsMoU^ 
Madrid, 8vo, 1863); Madrid, 4to, 1608$ 
iV., 1 6 10; id,f 1792. (According to 
Lion Pinslo, p. 101, thb valuable work 
b taken from the MS. HistorU de Us lu- 
dios de Nuevs EspsMSf of the Dominican 
monk Diego Duran.) 

" Apologis en defenss del ingenio y for- 
tsles de los Indies de U Nuevs EspsMs cow 
fuistsds por D. Fernsndo Cor ten, (Added 
to *the 2d edit, of Lasso de la Vega's 
Cortes vslerosoy 1594) 

'* Reportorio de los Tiempos y Historis 
Nstursl de Nuevs EspsMs i Mexico, 4to, 
1606. ("libromuy curioso ide granues 
noticias por tenerlas su Autor, que oy vive 
en Mexico, i dene otros escritos, que 
nunca llegaran a EspaAa, pues el imprcsso 
no se halla.** Lion Pinxlo, p. 102; An- 
tonio, Vol. I, p. 564.) 

" Historis Genersl de los Heckos de los 
CsstelUnosi Madrid, fbl., 1601-15 (l*^*t 
edit, for accuracy); //, 1728-30 (with 
an invaluable index). Decade 11, Lib. 7 } 
Dec. Ill, Lib. ly. 

'* XXI libros ritusles y monsrckis indi' 
sns, con el origen y guerrss de los Indies 
occidentsles ; Madrid, 3 vols., fol., 1613 ; 
Madrid, 3 vob., fol., 1723; Madrid, fbl., 
1730-^ (See MsosBL.) 

" Historis de Is prvoincis de S, yicente 
de Ckysps y GustemsU ; Madrid, fbl., 
1 610, or Historis Genersl de Us Indiss 
occidentsles, y psrticuUr de Is govemsciom 
de Ckisps y GustemsU f Madrid, fbl., 
1 620. (An excellent work, invaluable be- 
sides for a hbtory of Bart, de Las Catas.) 

Digitized by 


BibBoiheca Americana, 



F. Caro de Torres'^ J. de Solorzano Percira'*, 
Bernal Diaz del Castillo'', B. L. Argensola% Prudcncio 
de Sandoval", F. Pizarro y Orellana", J. Dias de la 
Calle*^ Antonio de Solis**, Lopez de CogoUudo*', 
Agostin de Vetancurt^, J. de villagutiere de Soto- 
Nlayor*^, Malo de Luque^ (Duke de Amodovar), Carl 
Curths^ Pietro Manzi'^, Telesforo de Trueba" (?), 
Andres Cavo'*, F. E. Santdncr", Alexander Soltwedel**, 

'* Uistorims BccUuistksi y Secmlmret de 
ArMMf Sangotn, fbl., 1622. 

"Historis de Im Or denes MHitsres f 
Madrid, fbl., 1629. 

''•de hdimrum ivre f Mtdrid, fel., 
1629-39 $ Lyonty IbL, 1672 } Madrid, 
fel., 1777- 

— Peliticm iMdisms; Madrid, fbl., 164S ; 
fV., 1776. 

'* Uisfris verdmderm de Im eewfvlsu 
de la mmema EtpaMs f Madrid, fol., 1632 $ 
id^ with addidon of chapter ccxnj i6roo, 
1795-1796 ; Mexico, 4 Tola., 410, 1854. 

** jimaJet de jirsgeu ; Saragoasa, lot, 

*■ Hiitoris de Is Vidaj Betk^i del Mm- 
perader Carles V^ Valladolid, fbl^ 1604; 
Pamplona, 2 vob., fbl., i6it$ /i., 1634$ 
Antwerp, fbl., 1 68 1 . (The deeds oi Cortes 
and the development of the Spanish rule, 
tyranny and abominations, in New Spain, 
are so interwoven, so to speak, with the 
policy and mle of Charles V, that valuable 
details, both of an historical and political 
character, may be found in the works of 
Staphtlus, Ulloa, ZsNOGAavs or Snos- 
KXAST, BsoTHsa, Salos and Visa F. ds 

** Vareues ilastres del Nneve Mundti 
Madrid, fbl., 1639. (The secend part of 
Joan 01 Castbllanos* Elegias de Varenes 
illmstres de las hdias^ published at Madrid 
only in 1850, in Abibav^s Bihlieteca^ may 
conuin an eulogy on Cortes. If our 
memory serves us right, there b none in 
the first part, published in 1589.) 

•• Maaerial y Neticias saeras f reales 
del Imperie de las Indias Occidentales § 
Madrid, 4to, 1646 (and wet 1546, accord- 
ing to Meusel and othen). This seems to 
be only the second edition, for he states 
in hb dedication: ''En el alio de 1645 
fbrm^ hmftimi y present^ a V. M. un 
breve memorial dette atuate . .** But we 

have not yet succeeded in finding a men- 
tion anywhere else of thu memoriaL 

** Histeria de la Ceitfvista de Atexice i 
Madrid, fbl., 1684} Barcelona, fbl., 1691 $ 
Madrid, fbl., 1704} (^dova, 1743 (with 
a second part by Salasar y Olarte, which b 
perfecdy worthless) ; Madrid, 4to, 1763 j 
ri., i76iB ; Barcelona, 8vo, 1771 ; Madrid, 
4to, 1783-4 (a sumptuous edition) $ /i., 
4to, 17905 f^,8vo,i79i. 

** Histeria de la previmcia de Taeaihan ; 
Madrid, foL, 1688 j Campeche, 8vo (fint 
vol.). 1842; Merida (second vol.), 1845. 

'* Teatre Mexieane f Mexico, foL, 

** CeMfmista de la previmeia del Ttuaf 
Madrid, fbl., 1702. (The second part 
never was publbhed.) 

** Histeria pelitica d* hs Estaklieimiem" 
tes mltram, de las maciemes Eurepeas f Mad- 
rid, 5 vob., 4to, 1784. (Rich says that 
it b only an altered translation of Ray- 

■• Ferd, CerteM, der Erekerer MexikeUi 
Berlin, 8vo, 1818. 

** Isteria della cenjuista di Messice ; 
Rome, i6mo, 1820. 

" Life 0/ Hernam Certe»$ Edinburgh, 
i2mo, 1829; London, 8vo, 1830; in 
German by Sporschil, Leipxig, 8vo, 1837. 
(We know nothing concerning this work, 
and mention it simply because it had the 
honor of several reimpressions.) 

" I^s tres &iUs de Mejike f Mexico, 4 
vob., 8vo, 1836-8. ((^ntains a supple- 
ment by BosTAMKNTS. Vol. IV b rarely 
met with.) 

** Ferd. Certeu and die Ereberung vem 
Mexihf Prague, 8vo, 1842. (Probably 
the same as E. Delhinor, Ferdinand Certeu 
eder die Erohernng v#it Mexieef Prag., 
8vo, 1843.) 

** Mexikes erSfring of Ferd. Kerten f 
Linkocp, 8vo, 1844. 


Digitized by 



BibRoiheca Americana. 

1522. Bclani (Hacberlin"), F. D. Ring'^ Lucas Alaman", 
I.-.BB-™ M. Orozco y Berra^', J. L. Rayon'', R. A. Wilson^, 
Dr. Robertson**, and especially the history composed by 
the eloquent and imaginative William H. Prescott**. 
Valuable information may also be gathered from the 
well-known collections of Ramusio*', Hakluyt**, Pur- 
chas*', J. Sanchez de Aguirre^, J. F. de Espinosa*% 
Lord Kingsborough^, Ternaux-Campans^, several re- 

** Gttchiekte der Rntdeekmng mnd Rro- 
btruHg v«ff Mexikc; Berlin, Sto, 1 847. 

" Kmngefasuc Gtukkhtt der drtiy 
trstem Entluker vm Amerikm ; Frankfurt, 
tvoy 1781. ** Libellut, in osuin iUiterato- 
rum ex Robcrttono podstironm ezcerptot.** 


^ Diurtseiiui Hiuiritss »kn U HiS' 
tiris de U Ripmklics Mexiesms f Mexico, 
3 roll., 4to, 1844-49. 

** Noticia Hiaerics de Im CeMJurselw del 
Msrpui del VmUei Mexico, 410, 1853. 
(Alleged conspiracy to cause Mexico to 
*< secede/* and place at the head of the 
fOTemment Martin Cortes, son of the 
cenfmistsder^ 1565-68.) 

—Jtittermrie del ejercite eep^ltiel em U 
eenqumm de Mejfee. (Thb Taluable mo- 
nograph is in the Dietiemsrioy but we think 
that a few copies were published sepa- 

** Sumsrie de la Retidetula temrndsm D. 
Fermmnde Ones ; Mexico, % Tob., 4to, 

— Precete de Retideneim centrm Pedre de 
jihfmrmde^ y NmMe de Gummsm f Mexico, 
tvo, 1 847 (with notes by D.J. F. Ramires). 

^ jf new Jkistery if tie Cowfuest ef 
Mexicef Philadelphia, 8vo, 1859. 

** Hittery ef Ameriea^ Book ▼. 

** Hittery if the Cetifmest efMexiee^ wtk 
M freliminary view ef tke euuient Mexitmm 
civiliuatiem^ snd tke life of tke teuftterer 
HeruMnde Certes f New York, 3 toIs., 8to, 
1843 (first edition). 

The following translations contain Talu- 
able notes, corrections and additions: * 

Historia de Is CoHfmitts de Mexiee^ trsd. 
p, D. S, M. Gomtalet de U Vegs^ y tffM- 
tadm p, D. L, Alamau ; Mexico, 2 vols., 
4to, 1844^^6. 

— Hitteris de la eemfmista de Mexiee 
eem mma ajeada preltmia,, 4ec., trad, p, D. 

yeof. Navarre, (with notes by f. F. 
Ramires and J. R. Gondra); MexKo, 3 
Tols., 8to, 1844. 

^ Terue Folmme deUe aaviiathmi at 
viaggii Venice, foL, 1556 (for two letters 
from Pedro de Alvarado to Cortes (r^., iei 
Baicia, Bitteriad. primit.^ Vol. i), the ac- 
count addressed by Diego de Godoy to tke 
Utter, but more especially for the all-im- 
portant ** Relatione d'un gentilkmewie dot 
Sig, Pemande Certese,** the Spanish original 
of which is unfortunately lost. 

** Tke priacipal Nauigatiens, ypyages^ 
tec I London, 3 vols., rol., 1599-1600. 
(In Vol. Ill, the journeys or voyages of 
Marco de Ni^a, Coronado, Ruis, Espejo, 
Tomson, Bodenham, Hawks and Phil- 

** HakJvytut Pettkammt, er Pvrekat Ait 
Pi^rimesf London, 5 vols., fbl., 16157- 
1616; in Vol. Ill, Book t, extracts from 
Herrera, Oviedo, Acosta, Oomara, and the 
Mendoca codex ; in Vol. iv. Books wi and 
Tii, sundry interesting pieces. 

** Celleetie maxima cemcilierum emaiam 
Hispaniee et Nevi Orkis \ Rome, 4 vols., 
fbl., 1693. 

*^ Cirenica Apastelica y Serapkiem de 
tedet hi celegiet de Propaganda Fide de 
esta Nneva-RspaMa ; Mexico, % toIs., 4<o, 

** jintifnitiei of Mexico i London, 9 
Tols.,fbl., 1830-1848 (the drawings by A. 
Aglio). See Vols, t, rii, Tin, for writ- 
ten accounts. 

** f^oyages^ Relations et Memoirts f Parts, 
AO vols., 8vo, in two series, 1837-1840. 
See, especially. Vols. Tin and x (1838), 
xiii and XTi (1840). 

The Histoire de Tlaxeala, by Camaa- 
oo, and the Histoire des Provinces Septette 
trionales dm Mexifne^ by La Mota Padil- 
lA, were promised, but not published. 

Digitized by 


BibUoiheca Americana. 


pertories (>ublished in Spain and Mexico'^, but, above 
all, from the invaluable CoUccion of Seftor D. Joaquin . 
Garcia Icazbalccta^'. 

As to understand fully the circumstances that led to 
the rapid conquests achieved by Cortes, which were 
due in a greater degree to the cnaracter of the natives 


** Dieeiomsri» Utthftnml de Hitt9riM y 
it Gt^grapui Mexico, 10 vols., fbl., 1853- 
56. (This b a reprint of the Barcelona 
edition, but with valuable additions by 
Messrs. IcasbalceU, Ramires and others.) 

— Docmmtntu fmrm U Histons de Mejiet^ 
four series, published in the Diario •ffieisi^ 
between the years i853-57» in 17 vols., 
tvo, fol., and 410, Mexico. (See Btaufor, 
apmd PtterwiMu^t MittUUmmien^ for Aug., 


— OUechm de D$eamiut9s imedift fr U 
H'mwrim de BtfaHs; Madrid, 184^-1865, 
in parts, forming, up to this date, about 
40 vols. 8vo. 

— Ctleeciem de Docmmemtes iueditt rels^ 
lives ml deKubrimiente^ ttc. ; Madrid, 1 864, 
in monthly parts. (It is really painful to 
see the little method, discrimination, and 
knowledge displayed by the editors of this 
new publicadon.) 

*' Celeeeiem de Decmmenfs pmrm Im kls- 
eeris de Mexico § Mexico, 4to, 1858. In 
these times when repuution, in view merely 
of personal advancement, or the lust of 
pecuniary profit, are the motives of so many 
attempts in the sphere, not only of letters 
but of science, disinterested effi>rts are so 
commendable, that we cannot allow the 
present opportunity to pass without noticing 
the literary and historical labors of Sr. Dn. 
Joaquin Garcia Icasbalceta. A Kholar 
of methodical habits and clearness of per- 
ception, a critic of great acumen, and a 
disinterested, modest, persevering votary of 
science, Seftor Icasbalceta deserves well of 
the student of American history. We wish 
it were in our power to think u highly 
of the labors of certain scholars, so called, 
who, by continually thrusting themselves 
before the public, ha^e succeeded in secur- 
ing a position, a name, and an abundance 
of worldly goods I 

The first volume of this Celeetiem con- 
tains, besides the History of the Indiant 

by MotoUnia, several letters of Cortes, 
never before (mblished; the important Pre- 
kmmum fecks en la Nmevs BtfrnMa, s pedi- 
weento de y, Ockem de Lejarde en uembre 
de Hermsnde Certee i the Ordemamuu milt* 
tsresy eivilet^ issued by Cortes, an anony- 
mous life of this conqueror, in Latin ; his 
instmcrions for the Colima expedition j and 
upwards of fifcf important documents, all 
relating to the subject before us, and 
published fi>r the first time. 

The second volume, which b to be 
published within a few weeks, will con- 
tain, among otheii, the fbUowing import- 
ant documents : 

— Memorial de Lub Cardenas contra 

—Merced i Hernando Cortes de tier- 
ras k Mexico* 

— Real provision sobre descubrimien- 
tos en el Mar del Sur, y repuesU de 
Cortes 4 la notificacion que se huo de ella. 
— Relacion de los servicios del Marques 
del Valle, que de su orden present6 4 S. 
M. el lie. Nttftes. 

— Peticion que dio F. Cortes contra A. 
de MendoM, virey, pidiendo residencia 
contra £1. 

— Fragmentoe de la vbta hecha 4 A. 
de Mendoxa, Interrogatorio, &c (303 

— Leyes y ordenanxas nueuamente he- 
bhas por S. M. por la gobemacion de las 
Indias. (The ** &mous** laws which were 
promulgated by a kind of hue-and-cry in 
the city of Mexico, May a4th, 1544.) 
— Several memoriab by Las Casas. 
— Relacion de la jomada que hixo F. 
de Sandoval AcasiU4, cacique, con A. de 
Mendosa, cuando ftt4 4 la conquista de los 
indios Chichimecas, and, above all, the 
wholly unknown, though highly important, 
Relacion hecha sobre la conquista de 
Mexico (by Andkks dk Tafia, an eye- 
witness and participant). 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1522* and the dissensions which existed among the Meadcan 
MiM^H-s princes, than to his unquestionable skill, bravery and 
perseverance, it is necessary to study the history of 
Mexico before the conquest, we refer to the works of 
Sahagun**, Alvarado Tezozomoc", Torribio de Benc- 
vente or Motolinia^, Fernando d'Alva Ixtlilxochitl*% 
A. de Zurita**, Gregorio Garcia*^, J. Eusebius Nierem- 
berg^, L. Boturini Benaduci% J. J. Granados y Galvez^, 
F. A. C. de Siguenza y Gongara*', F. X. Clavigcro**, 

*' Histtria geuersl de Ims C§sat dt Nrnvm 
EipaM^i Mexico, 3 vols., 4to, 1819 (edited 
and castrated by Buttamente in tuch a 
manner aa to require for a perfect under- 
standing of that dry but important work, 
the reading of the parts also published in 
Vols. V and n of Kingsborottgh*s Amti- 

** Cranks MexiesmM, no chapters in 
KiMGSBoaouGH, Vol. IX, pp. 1-196, and 
Hhtoire dm MexifUi^ trsd. mr mti MS, 
inidit par H. TeruMX-CMmfaws ; Paris, » 
vols., 8vo, 1853. 

** Hiuoris dt Ut IndiM dt ia Nutvm 
BspsMa, in Vol. I of IcASBALcrrA*s CtUt' 
citn dt DocMMtnfi, 

** The << Mexican Gcsro,** as Busta- 
roente calls him, wrote a certain number 
of works, all germane to the subject before 
us, but ¥re think that the following only 
were printed t 

Herrlklti Crmt/dsdes dt Ut etBfmistsdtrts 
dt Aitxicof Mexico, 4to, 1829. Trans- 
lated into French by Tibmauz, and in- 
serted in his Rteueil; Paris, 8to, 1838. 

— Hiatrim Ckiekiwuca^ apud Kncot- 
■oaouGH*s jiHtifuiiia, Vol. iz, pp. 197- 
316, and in Teanaox, second series, % 
▼ols., 8to, 1840. (Extracts hare been 
translated and published in the appendix 
to PtiscoTT*s History 0/ Mtxict,) 

** Rmpptrt mr Us Mffertntes clmssts dt 
tktfs dt U NtuvtUt Rtfagnt^ in Tunaux, 
Rectuil, 8vo, 1840. 

*^ drigeu de Its Indits dtl Nut^t Mmm- 
d»y hdiss Occidtutslts ; Valencia, i2mo, 
1607; Madrid, fbl., 1729. (Book ▼ con- 
Uins the opinions which the Indians them- 
selres held concerning their origin.) 

•• Hitttris nsimrstj wssxhu ftrtgrintty 
lihrh Xfi disiisutttf Antwerp, tol., 1635. 

(This work seems to occupy a middle 
ground between the work of Acosta and 
the well-known Nstmrs/tusy yhtmdes d» 
Us ArMes^ &c., dt la Nmtva BsfaMa 
of Feancisco Hbbnaitdxs (Mexico, 4tu, 
161 5), as it contains a great deal of 
Natural Hbtory, probably taken from the 
latter, and hbtorical &cts, which we have 
seen quoted by several Mexican historians.) 

** Idta dt una Nut^a Histtria Gtnermi 
dt la jSmtriea Stfttutritual f Madrid, 4X0, 

** Tardts Amtricamasf gtkitrut gtutil j 
eatiiicOf krtvt t particular ntticia de toda 
la kisttria Judiaua i Mexico, 410, 1778. 
(Imaginary dialogue between a learned 
Indian and a Spaniard concerning the 
early history of Mexico.) 

** Piedad kertyca de Hemamdt Corteu, 

— Dtl trigtn dt Its Judits Mexieaws 
fut se llamartn Ttlttcas, 

— Cyeltgrapkia Mtxieana^ t mtdt fut 
Its Mtxieauos ttuiau tu etutar Its aMts^ 
mestSf y dias, dt fut st dedaue eta tvidtueia 
la auiigutdad de la uaeitu, 

^-Mitktltgia Mexicaua. 

We borrow these last three titles from 
Antonio, BikL Hist Ntva^ Vol. i, p. 
131, but are unable to state whether the 
works were ever printed. Those who 
have access to the rarissime Biklitttca His^ 
pamt-jtmtrieant Stpttutritnal tf Bxan- 
TAIN may ascertain the Act. 

** Sitria amtita dtl Mtssict i Cesena, 4 
vols., 4to, 1 780-1 ; Histtry tf Hdtxiet f 
London, 4to, 1787; Philadelphia, 8vo, 
1804; London, 4to, 1807; Hisfria am- 
tigua de M^iet ; London, 8vo, 1826. 
(The latest translation into Spanbh is by 
F. P. Vasquea, Bishop of Poebla, Mexico^ 
¥^ »«S3-) 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 


Mariano Veytia% C. M. Bustament^, and even the 1 52 2* 
ambitious attempt of the indefatigable Abbe Brasseur ^^^^m^m 
dc Bourbourg^. 

The Catholic Church and its various monastic orders 
have so shaped what some authors term the modern 
civilization of Mexico — ^the Dominicans, Franciscans, 
and Jesuits played such an important part in the early 
history of the conquest — that their chronicles vet form 
a trustworthy, though chaotic repertory of facts and 
documents. The reader, therefore, should not neglect 
to consult the monkish histories of Alonso Fernandez^, 
Geronimo de Mendieta% J. de Grijalva^, Gonzales de 
la Puente^ G. G. Davila^^ G. Garcia^ A. Davila 
Padilla^, Alonso de la Rea^S Baltazar de Medina^*, F. 

** ^uwis Amtirua it Mtjif f Mexico, 
3 ▼ob., 4to, 1836. (The best %rork as 
yet written concerning the early hbtory of 
Mexico. Pvblithed with additiona by D. 
F. Ortega, bvt withoot the introduction, 
which waa afterwards inserted in K.IMO8- 
BoaouoH*s Amtiquitiet^ Vol. viii, pp. 159- 


^ Go/iris de amtigms Priweipts Meji' 
emnoti Puebla, 4C0, 1821. 

^^Cr^micM MixicoMS. Te$mS3ti/i • Lihr$ 
f M €9ntieue ud» U iuureumte i Ums, Cot- 
tmmhrety &c., de Ut Indies mntiquot Tkltecm 
y Mexicmnoi ; Mexico, 4to, 1821. 

— Tetueee em hs iltimoi tiempee de me 
mMtifmoi reyes; Mexico, 4to, 1826. 

{Los Aoreres de Cortes f Mexico, 4to, 
1821, is simply a virulent pamphlet, in 
which Bustamente endeavored to show 
that O^Donoghue (the last Vice-Roy of 
Mexico) surpassed even Cortes in cruelty. 

** Wstoire des mstions civilisees dm Me- 
seifme ee de tAmirijue-Centralei Paris, 4 
vols., 8vo, 1859. (Years will elapse 
before the historian b placed in possession 
of sufficient data to write anjrthing but an 
ima^nary hbtory of the civilised nadons 
of Mexico ** durant les si^es ant^eurs i 
Christophe Colomb** !) 

** Historia ecUsiastiem d* msusiros tiemfosf 
Toledo, (o\.f 161 1. 

^ Hisiorim ecUsiastiem Indimna, (Thb 
valuable work, which was known only 
from the notice in Lxom Pikslo, p. 114, 

and supposed to be lost, has been lately 
discovered in Spain, and will be pub- 
Ibhed in Vol. in of Seftor Icacbalceta^s 

** Oromiea dt la Ordern de N, P. S. 
jtagustim est las Proviaeias de la Nue^a 
E^a»a$ Mexico, 4to, 1624. (Es Hb 
toru bien escrita, i que no sale de lo que 
en el Titulo promete ** — Pinblo-Baxcia, 
col. 761.) 

** Historia da S. J^ostim de la provincia 
de Mtckoaean ; ioL, 1624 (Txunauz, No. 


^* Teatro Beletiattieo de la primitiva 
^lesia de las hdias oeeideatales $ Madrid, 
2 vob., fbl., 1649-56. 

^' Predieacion del Enfangelio en el Nuevo 
Mmndo^ 1625 {apmd Antonio, Bikl, H. 
Ne^. I. 544). 

'' Historia de la fundaeiom v diseurso 
de la proviweia do Santiago de Mexico f 
Aladrid, fbl., 1596; Bruxelles, fol., 1625 ^ 
Antonio and Meusel add ^ Falladolid 
fhac epigraphe non satb apta : Faria 
iistoria de la Nueva Espa»a\ 1634, 

'* Ckroniea d* la Orden de N. 3. P, S, 
Praneiseof Mexico, 4C0, 1643. (There is 
an jilonso de Roa mentioned by Pm slo- 
BAftciA, col. 754, u the author of Chronica 
de la Provineia de San Pedro^ i San Paklo 
de Meekoacan ; Mexico, 4C0, 1635.) 

^* CrSnica de la Provineia dt S. Diego 
de Mejieo; Mexico, fbl., 1682. 


Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1522. J. Al^c^', Juan Lopez'*, A. Perez de Ribas'^, and the 
^^mMmmm coUections of Abp. Lorenzana'*, all of which find their 
fit complement and commentary in Matias de Bocane- 
gra's Hisioria del Auto de Fi en Mexico^. 

In studies of this description, the pandects'^ (if the 

^* Hisi9ria de la Prtvimcis i» U Cmi- 
ftBia it Jtmt de la Nmtva EtfoBa^ pab- 
litbed by BotTAMtim; Mexicoi 3 volt., 

'• HittfHa Oemeralf ValladoUd, 1615. 
We know the work only from the dtadon 
in DiAC Di LA Caixb, which leads to the 
belief that this Histwria refen ttf the sub- 
ject before os, but we are apprehensiTe 
that the Lopes mentioned by Ehe la Calle 
is the Johannes Lopes of Uohxlu and 
Antonio, while the work b only the 
well-known Historia Gemeral de Samte Ds- 
mimgey de m ordea de Predicadtet, 

It most be said, howerer, that in 
Pinblo-Babcia (coL 753) there is a ref- 
erence to Joan Mslendb {Teteft ^nrd, 
dt lot Tmdimi Rome, IbL, 1681, Vol. i, 
iol. 97), from which we infer that there 
are additions to the aboTe Hist, gem, de S. 
D, which refer to the Indies. 

^ Hitfria de Us Trimmfis de mmeetra 
Sauta Fi emtre geutes lot wtat hirbarm y 
jkras del nueme Orke; Madrid, fbl., 1645. 

'* Ceiuiliei previneialet^ frhmeny eegmih' 
dtf Mexico, 4to, 1769. 

— Comeilium provimeiale III Mexiean § 
Mexico, 4to, 1770. (The aca of the/rsr 
councils were printed as early as 1556, by 
Juan Pablo, and therefore before \i%%^ 
which is the date giTen by BaoNxr, m, 


** Hitteria del Ate de Fe en Aiexiee§ 
Mexico, 4(0, 1649$ '^ 1651. 

We are of the impression that the fol- 
lowing works might senre as a useful index 
to comprehend the inner workings of thote 
religious organisations which have been 
the immediate cause of so much harm in 
Mexico s 

^^Cemtihrneiemet del armekiipade de Mexi' 
ce f Mexico, fbl., 1556. 

— Ordimarimm saeri trdsnh A^eremharmmf 
Mexico, 4to, 1556. 

— Reglas y eemsiitmtienei de la cifradia 
de Uijmramemfii Mexico, fbl^ 1567. 

— Immtutaerdinh Beaii Fraaeieei f Mexi- 
co, 4to, 1567. 

— E t tatv fsgeaerales de BareeUua ; Mexi- 
co, 4to, 1585 (for the order of the Fran- 

^^dmetitmtimet tdimis fratrmm tremi^ 
iarmrn Sameti Aapuihi f Mexico, 8to, 

^Ftrma y wttde de Jumdar las cefra£st 
deJeerdea de N, P, S, Frameitee^ Mexico, 
8to, 1589. 

~~Fmmdaeiem i imdul^meiae de la 9rdeu da 
la Mtrced, ; Mexico, !to, 159s* 

— Regla de les frmles aseneres f Mexico, 

4to» I $9$- 

— Deretka de las iglesias wsttrflnamas 
de las ladias; Madrid, 410, 1634 (1635 
and 1637 ?). 

The Church history of that distracted 
country is blended in so great a degree 
with superstitions, more contemptible even 
than the idolatry which they were in- 
tended to superKde, that we deem it a sad 
necessity for the historian to feel compelled 
to peruse such miserable productions as the 

— OoNOOSA T SiGOBNSA, PHwsavera 
imdiaaay peema sacre de N. S, de Gmada- 
leapef — ^ 8to, 1668 (Pinxlo-Babcia, col. 

— ^Lvn CiSNXBOS, Histeria de Na. So, 
de Us remedies de Mtxiee^ fue llev Juam 
Radr^aeu de Ftlla-Jaerte a la ceofuista; 
Mexico, — , 1 61 1 (Tbbnaux, No. 435). 

—Haei TlamaJhsmeltica^ enrenexhi /•//- 
kmkae TlatecamhtapU/e Sa, Ma. Tetlassem- 
antmu Gaadalempef Mexico, 4to, 1649. 
(Tbbnaox, No. 683.) 

** OrdenSeas y eepilaeiea de Leyesf Mex- 
ico, fbl., 1548 (organising the courts of 
law, regulating the lawyers, attorneys, 
constables, Ac., ice, enacted in April, 
1518). See iafia, 

— Leyes y erdtnameas nuemamete ktekas 
per m Magesiad^ p^a la geueraaehn de las 
Indiasy huen traiaasienf y censermachm de 
Us Indies ; Alcala, fbl., 1 543. (Laws 
issued by Charles Y, limiting the parti- 
tions of lands among the cenfnistaderes,) 

^^Pkilippms Hispamiamns et hsdiaram 

Digitized by 


BiiB^theca Americana. 


expression is not superlatively pretentious when applied 1522* 
to the crude digests of laws and ordinances framed from mbmmv 
time to time bv Spain for her distant colonies) neces- 
sarily find a place in this connection. Nor are Geog- 
raphy and Archaeology to be neglected. We therefore 
mention the curious works of Francesco Cervantes de 
Salazar*^ Diego de Cisneros**, F. de Cepeda*', F. de 
Burgoa**, Villa-Senor y Sanchez**, A. Leon y Gama**, 
Gemelli Careri% G. R. Carli", Bustament^, Alexander 
von Humboldt, and the sumptuous collections of 
drawings of monuments and hieroglyphics published by 
Del Rio or Cabrera'®, Nebel^', Lenoir, Warden and 
Farcy^, Fred, de Waldcck'», Wetherell^*, Charnay^, and 
especially by the unfortunate Lord Kingsborough^. 

lUx, Frovit, etJmlst^ &c: Mexico, fbl., 
1563. (There m a copy of this extremely 
rare and iroportanc fuminary of Spanish 
colonial law by Viiico db Pooa, in a pri- 
vate libr., Providence, R. I.) 

— &MMr/« Ji recpfilschM gtatrsi de ias 
leyn y •rdtmmmsM ftu te Jksm prgmmlgsdt 
for fas Indist occidtntaiesf Madrid, fbl., 

** DiM/$gi Je Acsdemis Mexieams: Ctci- 
iM Mexicus inter, Chntas Atexhms exter. f 
Mexico, Juan Pabloe, Svo, 1554. (The 
only copy known of this curious collec- 
tion of dialogues is in a private library, in 
the dty of Mexico. We suppose the 
author to be identical with the Cia- 
▼A^TXs mentioned by Anfmh^ B, H. 
N0VS9 I, 414.) 

** Sitie^ mstmrslefs j frfrhdmJet de U 
eindmd de Bdexitp f Mexico, 410, 161 8. 

** Jtelmien mnhfenml y verdsderm del 
iirie em fM esta fkmdsds Is eimdad de 
Atexkei Mexico, fol., 1637. 

** Geegrijka detcrifcien de la parte Sef- 
temtrienaff del pete irtiee de la jhaeriea^ y 
mmeva Igleva de lat Indias Oecidentales § 
Mexico, fbl., 1674. 

See also the anonymous t 

— Recenocimientes de les ries del valle de 
Aiexieef Mexico, ibl., 1748. 

** Theatre Amerieane^ deuripeien general 
de lei reynei y previncias de la nmeva 
EepaMai Madrid, 3 vols., fol^ 1746-48- 

•• Deteripcien Hhterieay Crenelegica de 
lat dot Piedraii Mexico, 4to, 1791$ id, 
(urith the addition of a second part), 8vo, 

^ Giro del Mende f Naples, 6 vols., 
iimo, 1 699-1 700. 

** Delle Lettere Americane, Cosmopoli 
(i.e., Florence), 2 vols., 8vo, 1780. 

** Bstai Felitifne mr le reyaame de la 
Newmelle Etpagnei Paris, % vols., 4(0, and 
one fblio for the Atlas, 181 1. 

— Vnti des Cerdilleret et memmments det 
peoples indigenes de rAmirifnei Paris, % 
vols., fel., 1810. 

** Diseriptien ef the rains ef am ameiemt 
city diuevered near Palemfme; London, 
4to, 1811. 

*' yeyeq^e pitteresfme et areJkielegifme 
dams la partis la pins imtirissamte dm Mix- 
ifmef Paris, fol., 1836. 

** Amtifmitis Mixieaimesf Paris, 3 vols., 
fel., 1834-36. (Capt. Dupaix* three expe- 
ditions to Mitka and Palenque, 1805-7.) 

** Celeceiem de las Amtiqmedades Mexi^ 
eamas jme etsistem em el Musee maeiemali 
Mexico, fbl., 1817. 

— yey^ pitteresmme et areJkeelegifme 
dams la previmce d'7'meatamf Paris, ml., 

** Cataloge de mma Celeceiem de Am» 
tiguidmdes Mexicamasi Seville, 4to, 1841. 

** F'mes Pketegraphiqmes des ameiems 
mummmumts dm Mexiptef Paris, fbl., 1861. 

Digitized by 



BibUoiheca Americana. 

1 5 2 2« As to the poems of Gabriel Lasso de la Vega'*, A. dc 
^HH^BB Saavedra Guzman^, Melchior de la Vega^, Bernardino 
de Balbuena99, J. Osorio Cortes'~, Caspar de Villagra"', 
Arias Villalobas'~ Fernando de Zarate"^ F. Ruiz de 
Leon'*^, J. de Escoiquiz'% P. Roure'**, Roux de Ro- 
chelle'% and of several anonymous versifiers'**, or the 
plays of Josef Canizares'*^, Firmin del Rey"% Piron"', 
Alfonso Cavacio"*, and even of Lope de Vega"' and 
John Dryden"\ we apprehend that they present but 
little interest to the student of history. 

Concerning the biomphy and bibliography of the 
early Mexican writers, the reader will find abundant mate- 
rials in the rare compilations of J. J. Eguiara y Eguiren"', 
J. L. Maneiro"*, and J. M, Beristain y Souza"^ 

** Prhtera pMTtt i* Ctrtes vmltfM y la 
Mexyeana; Madrid, 410, 1588 (12 can- 
toi); rV.9 iimo, I594» with the addition 
of 13 cantot. 

~^B/ogi$i en l—r 4* hi trti fawui 
vsroues 2>. J^y^i^ rty de jir^9mf 2>. Fer- 
KontU Corteu, mmrquen del vmtte^ y D, 
A/vMTo SmiMm; Saragoisa, iimo, 1601. 

" El Pereirimp Jmdiaiu, Poewu de let 
Hecket de Hemmu Certetf Madrid, iftino, 
'S99* (1*here was to be a lecond part, 
which has never been published.) 

** Relmcien de U» iramdeuas del PerUf 
Mexiee y let Amgeleti Mexico, limo, 

** Gravdena Mexieana del hsckiller B. 
de Bmlhuenmi Mexico, i^mo, 1604. (Ef- 
fusion of a poet praised by Lope de Vega. 
See Tern Avx, No. 269. ) Reprinted, Mad- 
rid, iSmo, 1829. 

'** Certetiada^ Peems kereice de Den 
Hemande Certet^ dedicade ml Rey Den Fe- 
lipe 4^ el Grande. (MS. in the BiMeteca 
Real, apud Alcboo, Bitliet. Am, MS. and 

'** Hhteria de UNmeva Mexico i Alcala, 
limo, 1610. It is alleged that Cortes 
went wtht we whafr is now called in the 
United States New Mexiee. 

*** Hitteria de Mexiee deide Ufumdacien 
katta 1613; Mexico, — , 1613. 

'** C^Mfuitta de Mexico. 

'•* HeruMndia^ triunpket de la Feygleria 
de lat armat etpaUelas $ preemat de Herman 
Cortetf Peema kereyce^ Madrid, 4to, 17$$. 

'** Mexico cenfmittadaf Poeata keroica ; 
Madrid, 3 vols., 8vo, 1798. 

'** La Confuhe du Mexifme^peime en 10 
ckantt, with iiistorical notes ; Paris, 8vo, 

»•» Femand CorteUf Poemef Paris, 8vo, 

'•• Ohediencia fue Mexico die at rey D. 
Felipe IVcon nn ditcnru en verto del ettado 
de la mitma cindad detde el mat antiguo de 
tmfundacion^ imperio y confnitta katta key t 
Mexico, 4to, 1613. 

— Le MexifMc conqmt^ Peime kiroifne ; 
Paris, 8vo, 1751. 

— VRroitmo di Ferdinando Cortete com- 
fermato centre le centnre nemicbef Rome, 
8vo, 1806. (A poem or a comedy ?) 

^Tke/all of Mexico^ 4to, n. d. (Raet- 
sel Catalogue, No. 1670.) 

**• El Pleyto de Heinan Corten, 

"* Hernan Cortemen Taka$co{apmdTnn' 
NAOZ, No. 443). 

'" Feman Corteu^ Comedie; Paris. 8vo» 
1744 (translated into Spanish, Maind, 

^" Metecfuma^ Emperador de Mexico ; 
Tragedia, 1709. 12. Italiano (Pinblo- 

"* Marfueu del Valle. 

"* Tke Indian Emperour or tke C^mfmete 
of Mexico by tke Spaniardt f London, 
1651 } 1667, 1668, 1691, 1700, all in 4tD. 

"* Bikliotkeca Mexieana^ ten ki iter is 
virontm in America boreale natoram$ Mex- 
ico, fol., 1775. (Contains only the letten 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 


It is not in times when Philology has been found 
to present the most efficient and reliable means of ascer- 
taining the history of the early migrations of primitive 
races, that we should overlook the praiseworthy efforts 
of SefLores Orozco y Berra"*, Francisco Pimentel"^ and 
the valuable index of Dr. H. E. Ludwig'**, which, how- 


A, B, C, but many diaserucions of interest. 
Copy in prifate Ubr., N. Y.) 

'"• dt writ aliquot Mexicsuorum alh- 
rmmqme fmi sive virtuti^ Mtvt litttriSf Mexici 
hmprimh ^•ruermut ; Bologna, 3 Toh., 8to, 

**^ Bihlmkica Hispam^-Americama Sep- 
Umtr'tMMl; Mexico, 3 volt., 4to, 1816-1821. 

>** GeografU de las LiMgtias j Carta 
EiJkmtgrdfoa dt AtexitP^ Mexico, 8to, 

*'* Caadro deterifthfp y cmaparaiinfo d* 
Ims Lengnat Imdigemas d* Mexico; Mexico, 
2 Tola., 8vo, 1861-65. 

"•• TJkt Literature tf Awurican Ahori- 
gimal Languages, Bihiiptheca Glottica ; 
London, 8vo, 1858. (This valuable work 
is evidently based, in its present form, upon 
the American portion of Vatbr, Litt, der 
Gram, Lexica uud fForters, oiler S^raekeu 
dor Erdef Berlin, 8vo, 1847.) 

As to manuscript sources, the reader 
will be pleased to learn that copies of the 
following unpublished works are in a pri- 
vate library in New York : 

— ErrmsLLA (J. CC,)de Rehus ludieis, 

— DoKAN (DixGo) Hbtoria Antigua de 
Nueva EspaAa, 3 large vols., with numer- 
ous colored drawings of Mexican hiero- 
glyphics. (See supra^ note 10.) 

— ZoarrA ( Alomso ds) Breve y Snmaria 
Relacion de los SeAores, maneras, y difer- 
enciu que havia de ellos en la Nueva 

— OoNOOKA, Lista de los Conqubtadores 
de Nueva EspaAa. 

— Relacion dela provincia de Mextitlan 
por Gabriel de Cmavss. 

— Cartas de Fr. Juan de Zvmarkaga 
priraero Obispo de Mexicco, 1529. 

— Pasqual de Amdaoova, Descripcion de 
las Provincias de Tierra-Firme y relacion 
de lo ocurrido en ellas desde 1 5 14, huta, 

1 541. 

In a private library, Washington city : 
— Historia antigua de la Nueva EspaAa, 

con noticias de los ritos y costumbres y 
expUcadon del calendario Mexicano, por 
el Padre Fa. Disoo Doman, de la orden 
de Santo-Domingo, escrita en el aAo de 
1588. (See sxpra,) 

— ^Relacion de las ceremonias y pobla- 
cion y gubemacion de los Indios de la pro- 
vincia de Mechuachan, hecha al Illmo 
SeAor Dn. Antonio de Mendoca. ( Anony- 


The following manuscripts, collected by 
PasscoTT, are now in a private library in 
Boston, Mass. : 

— ^Relaciones de los primeros Descubri- 
dores de Nueva EspaAa {eriginah in tke Vi- 
enna Imperial Library) ,* Relacion del des- 
cubrimiento y conquista de Nueva EspaAa, 
escrita al Emperador Carlos Y* y su madre 
D* Juana por la Justicia y Reximiento 
de )a dudad de Yera Crux 4 dies dias de 
Julio de 1519 } Segunda Reladon de Her- 
nan Cortes 4 el mismo Emperador, 4 30 de 
octubre de 1520; Tercera Relacion em- 
biada por Hernando Cortes al Emperador, a 
1 5 de mayo de l $22 ; Quarta Reladon de 
Hernando Cort^ dirigida al Emperador, 4 
15 de octubre de 1524 ; Una Relacion de 
Pedro de Alvarado 4 Hernando Cortes 
escriu en Yilatan 4 once, de abril (year 
not mentioned) ; Otra Rdacion de Pedro 
de Alvarado, escrita en S* Tiago 4 28 
de Julio de 1523$ Relacion de Pedro de 
Oodoy 4 Fernando Cort6s (no date); Ex- 
tracto de los Primeros Descubrimientos 
de F. Pizarro y D. de Almagro hecho por 
Juan de Samanos para remitir 4 algun 
principe, que no se expresa quien sea; 
Reladon de Hernan Cort^ al Empera- 
dor (no date); Despacho, Instruccion y 
Cartas dadas por Cort^ 4 Antonio Gival 
para Alvaro de Saavedra el aAo de 1526; 
Table of Contents of the << Coleccion de 
Memorias de Nueva EspaAa,** in 32 vol- 
umes, collected and prepared by order of 
the Spanish government in 1792. Los 
Primeros SeAores de Teotihuacan y sus 

Digitized by 



BiiHotheca Americans. 

1522* ever much improved by the additions and corrections or 
BHMHBK W. W. Turner, is destined to be surpassed by the new 
edition which will soon be published by the learned, 
modest, indefatigable and (Usinterested Dr. Berendt, 
now engaged in exploring the comparatively unknown 
and mysterious island of reten, in Guatemala. 

Whatever may be the importance of the hots related 
in several of the above-mentioned works, the fountain- 

comarcaij Poems, ftc., by the Emperor 
Nesthoalcojrott, tnuisUted into Spanish by 
his descendant, Fernando de Alva (and into 
Englbh by Prescott, Appendix to his Hist, 
ofAtutM^ Vol. m^ p. 429)* 

— Dtameuu from tk* C^tection •/ Don 
Jumm Bsmtista MmMomt Reladon de la 
carta que los Alcaldes y Regidores de la 
Villa de Vera Cras scriven a V. Mag. e 
de lo que ha pasado en sa Wage e pobla- 
cion, & seu de jolio de 1519$ Letter of 
Diego Velasqnesy Gonsalo de Gasman, 
and Panfilo de Nanraes to M. de Chiines, 
Oct. 10, 1519$ Letter from D. Velasques 
to Chidnes, Oct. is, 1519$ Instructions 
of Velasqoes to Cor^, Oct.. 13, 1518$ 
Letter of Pasamonte to Chaiies V., Jan. 
15, I $00} Deposition of F. de Montejo, 
April 29, 1 500 { Deposition of Paertocar- 
rero, April to, 1500; Letter from the 
Aodiencia of San Domingo to the Em- 
peror, inclosing a report irom the licen- 
tiate Ayllon, Governor of Cuba, Aug. 30, 
1 510 $ Ordenantas militares y civiles, Tax- 
calteqoe, Dec. lO, 1510, and Mexico, 
March oo, ISHS Accusations of Nanraes 
against Cortes, without date; Letter of the 
licentiate Zuaso, Governor of Cuba, and 
Fray Lub de Figueroa, Not. 14, 1511 $ 
De Rebus gestis Ferdin^ Cortesii, incerto 
auctore $ Reladon de la plata que se hubo 
de la Prorinda de Mechoacan, &c.{ Com- 
mission to Coft£s as Governor, ftc, of 
New Spain, Oct. 15, 1500 j Power of at- 
torney from Cortes to his ^ther, May 8, 
1521$ Cedula decUrando que la Nueva 
EspaAa no puede ser enagenada de la co- 
rona, 21 de octubre, 1513$ Gastos de la 
expedidon que llerd Cristoval Dolid, 1 513 ; 
Minuta de carta de Cort& & Francisco 
Cort^ i$H} Ynstrucdon dvil y militar 
& Francisco Coft£s por la expedidon de la 
costa de Collma, 1514 > Memorials with- 

out date, addressed by Coft£s to the Em- 
peror, respecting the aflUrs of New Spain $ 
Letter of the Emperor to Cort£s, Nor* 
4, 1515 s Letter of Cort£s to the Audi* 
enda of San Domingo, May 10, 1526) 
Letters of Cotth to the Emperor, Sept. 
II, 1516$ Letter to the Emperor (with- 
out signature or date) respecting gold sent 
by Cortes to Spain) Memorial contra d 
de Lub Cardenas, 15 de julio, 1528; 
Letter of the Emperor granting to Cort^ 
the title of Marques dd Valle, July 6, 
1529; Grant of estates to Cort^ July 23, 
1529; Memoria de lo acaeddo en eita 
dudad de Temixtitan despuei qud GoTcr- 
nador Hernando Cortes salio della que fia/k 
a lo doce diu dd mes de octubre de 1 525 ; 
Report addressed to the Emperor by Roid- 
rigo Albomos, Dec 15, 1525; Report 
of NuAo de Gusman of the affiun of 
Panuco and New Galida during his gor- 
emment, no date $ Privilegio ifi DoAa 
Ysabd Motesuma, otogardo por Cort^ 
June 27, 1526$ Reports of Diego de 
Ocafla respecting aflfairs of Mexico^ Aug. 
31, Sept. 9, SepL 17, 1526) Lo que d 
Marques dd Valle escrive d Licenctado 
NuAes que haga reladon & V. M. sobre las 
cosas de la Nueva Espafta, ftc. (no date); 
Letter of Cortis to the Council of the 
Indies, Feb. 8, 1535 ; Letter of Don A. 
de Mendosa to the Emperor, Dec 10, 
1537; Letter of Cort^, Sept. 29, 1538; 
Memorid addressed to the King by the 
Indian cadques of Santiago de Adtlan, 
Feb. I, 1 571 1 Memoiid de lo que se pide 
por D. Juan de Motesuma, hljo de Jnaa 
Cano y de DoAa Ysabd de Motefuma, 
ftc. (no date). 

— Doamemu from tko CoOeethm of ^kr- 
IM Potme t Memorid de Benito Martines, 
capdlan de Diego Vdasques contra Her- 
nan Cortes (no date) ; Ynstrucdon de 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 


head of information concerning the conquest of Mexico 1522. 
will always be the numerous epistolary accounts written mhhkbk 
by Cortes himself. It is to be regretted that they have 
not been all published. SeAor Icazbalceta gives a list of 
not less than thirty-three of Fernando Cortes' " escriios 
ruelioSy* which, added to the following printed Carias 
de RelacioHy would form a volume of paramount interest. 
In the absence of the Carta de RetacioHy dated Villa 
Rica de la Vera-Cruz, July 10, 1519, which has not 

Diego Vebsqoes & Cortes y OrijalTaY Oct. 
^3» >5i^> Letter of Yelasqnes to Cbi^ret, 
Oct. i%f 1519$ Inibrmaciones recibidu 
por comkioii it U Audiencia de S** Do- 
mingo pen impedir la salida de U Annada 
^oe UeVd Panfilode Narbaet; Carta qne 
Diego Velasqoes etcribi6 al Licenciado 
Figoeroa para que hiciete relacion & sot 
magestades de lo que le habia fecho Fer- 
nando Cort^; Provansa fisdia 4 pedimento 
de Joan Ockoa de Lezalde en nombre de 
Hernando Cort£ty Capitan Oeneraly ftc', 
sobre las diligencias qoe el dicbo capitan 
hiso para no se perdiese el oro ^ jojras de 
•oa Mag.* que estaban en la dodad de 
Temistitan; Instmcdon de la Audiencia 
de la Veracms & lot procnradores que 
envid & la Corte; Petition to the Em- 
peror, signed by 544 soldien in the army of 
Qottkty requesting that the latter may be 
continued in the government of New 
Spain; Carta del Licenciado Ayllon sobre 
la armada de VelasqueSy 4 de marso, 
1520; Interrogatories relative to dbputes 
between Velasques and Cort^ Oct. 4, 
1 5x0 ; Lo que poso con Cristobal de Tapia 
acerca de no admitirle por govemador con 
lot Procuradores de Mexico y demas pob- 
laciones y los de Cort^, Dec. i <ii \ Re- 
qoerimientos para que no fuese [Cort^] 4 
Vera-Cnu, donde era llegado Cristobal de 
Tapia, por Govemador de Nueva EspaAa, 
y stt respnesta, Dec. lo, 1511$ Reqneri- 
miento sobre el saqoeo, Aug. 14, 1521 j 
Instruccion que se did al Licenciado Lub 
Ponce de Leon. para la pesquisa de Cort^ ; 
Propuesta de Hernando Cort6s para seguir 
los descttbrimientos por el Mar del Sur, 
July 14, 15139 Grant of lands and vas- 
sals to Cortisy July 6, 15^9} Letters 
granting Cort^ the title of Captain-General, 
April I9 1519$ Reladon de lot cargos que 

resiiltan de la pqy|oiaa secieta contra Don 
Hernando Cort& $ Faculdad real para fun- 
dar moyorasgo, July 27, i$%^\ Cartas de 
Heman Cort^al Emperador, 10 de octubre, 
1530, y 25 de enen>» 1531} Minuta del 
procurador de Cortis ; Instruccion que da 
el Marques del Valle de sos servicios y 
agravios recibidos en Nueva Espana y 
mientras su conquista, aAo de 1532 ; Carta 
de Heman Cort^ al Emperador, 10 de 
abril, 1531$ Provision sohre los descu- 
brimientos del Surj 1534; Ptticion que 
di6 [Coft£s] contra Don Antonio de Men- 
dosa, virrey j Ultima y sentidisima caru de 
Cort& al Emperador, 3 de feb. 1544; 
Testamento de Heman Cort^ 1 1 de Oct. 
1547; Document relating to burial of 
Corbb and removal of his remains { Peti- 
tion addressed to the Emperor by Indian 
chiefs of Tlacopan, 1552. 

— Dtcwmentt fnm ikt Collicthn 9/ Afiv- 
f MS .* Grant of Arms to Cort^, March 7, 
1525 ; C^ula de S. M. de 10 de junio de 
1526 i Cort6s mandandole vaya i las 
Yslas de Maluco 6 mande ir i saber de las 
armadas que a ellas avian ydo \ Carta diri- 
gida al obispo de Osma, Fr. Garcia de 
Loaysa, por Heman Cort^ a 11 de Enero 
de 1 527 ; Relation of a voyage of discovery 
by Pedro NuAes Maldonada, laid before 
the Audience of Mexico, Jan. 23, 1529} 
CkAvXk de I* de abril de 1529; Merced 
de titulo de CastiUa 4 Cort&, 20 de julio 
de 1529 ; Asiento y capitulacion que hixo 
con el Emperador Don Hernando Cortes, 
4 27 de oct. de 1529, para el descubrimi- 
ento, conquista, y poblacion de lu Yslas 
y derru del mar del Sur al poniente de la 
Nueva EspaAa ; Capitulo de carta del 
Marques del Valle escrita al Emperador, 
20 de abril, 1532; Instmcdon que dio 
el Marques del Valle, afio de 1532 ) 

Digitized by 



BibBotheca Americana. 

1522. yet been discovered, either in print or manuscript, but 
BMBBBB the existence of which does not admit of doubt, as it is 
mentioned by Peter Martyr, Gomara, and Cortes him- 
self, we must notice the account which was sent together 
with that lost document, viz. : 

Relacion del Descubrimienio y Conquista de la Nueva 
EspaHay hecha por la Justicia y Regimiento de la nueva 
ciudad de la Vera-CruZy Julio 10, 1519. 

This was published for the first time in the N, S. S. 
Coleccion^"y and republished by Vedia"*. 

a Diego Hortado de Mendosa pen el 
Tiage qne deria hacer al deKnbrimiento 
del Mar del Sur; Inttrnccion que dio el 
Marques del Valle & Juan de Avellaneday 
Jorge Ceron, j Joan Oalvarro de la rela- 
cioii que avian de hacer & S. M. del des- 
cubrimiento del Mar del Sar, &c. ; Relacion 
del armada del Marquet del Valle capi- 
taneada de Francisco de UUoa que salio del 
poerto de Acapolco j descubrio el rio de 
Cnlata ; Memorial que prcsent6 en el con- 
sejo real de las Indias Nufto de Ousman 
en oo de marxo de 1540$ Memorial que 
dio al Rey el Marques del Valle en Mad- 
rid k 15 de junio de 1 540 sobre agravios 
que le havia hecho el Virrey de Nueva 
EspaAaj Memorial de Don Antonio Ve- 
lasques de Bazan acerca de la merced que 
ptde & S. M. $ Memorial de Cort^ al Em- 
perador de la ciudad de Tescuco, 10 de 
octubre, 1530; Apuntamiento original de 
Cort^; Relacion de Nufto de Guzman, 
en Omidan & 8 de julio, 1530$ Relacion 
que di6 Pedro de Carransa de la jomada 
de N. de Guzman ; Memorial de Juan de 
Villanueva en nombre de Cortes sobre lo 
que emple6 j gast6 para el deKubrimiento 
de la especeria, &c. ; Carta de Cort^ al 
Emperador, 15 de enero, 15 31 $ Memorial 
de Juan de Villanueva en nombre de 
Cor&y haciendo saber como N. de Guz- 
man llev6 en grillos el Cazonci; Ro]ral 
mandate forbidding Cortes to approach 
within ten leagues of the city of Mexico, 
March 22, 1530) Letter of N. de Guzman 
to the Council, accusing Cort^ of cruelty 
to the Indians, &c., June 7, 153^} Carta 
de Cort^ al Emperador, 20 de abnl, 1532$ 
Caru de Costkt i la Audiencia de Nueva 
EspaAa, 25 de encfO, 1533 } Caru de Cor- 

t^ al Emperador, 25 de enero, 1533; Carta 
de Cort^ i la Audiencia de Nuevo EspaAa, 
10 de feb. 1533$ Relaciones de Don Fer- 
nando de Alva Ixtlilzochitl (extracted from 
VoL IT. of the Memorias de Nueva EspaAa). 

— Fnm tU Ctllect'fus of MmM^u mmd 
Ntvmrrtte : Fragmentoe de historia de 
Nueva EspaAa. (Hutoria de Tlascala por 
Diego Muftoz Camargo.) Capitulos de la 
Cronica Mexicana de Tezozomoc| Rela- 
cion de los descubrimientos que se han 
hecho desde el aAo de 1492 hasta el de 
1545 por los Espaftoles} Instruccion que 
di6 el capttan Diego Velazquez en la Ula 
Femandina, en 23 de octubre de 151S, al 
capitan Hernando Cort6i; Memorial que 
prescnt6 al Rey Benito Martinez en nom- 
bre del Adelantado Diego Velazquez, 1 5 1 9 i 
Parecer que dio el Licenciado AyUon al 
Adelantado Diego Velazquez sobre el ar- 
mada que habia aprestado para embiar con- 
tra Hernan Cortes ; Dos cartas escritas al 
Rey por el Licenciado Ayllon, 8 de encro 
y 4 de marzo de 1 520 ; Titulo de Gober- 
nador de las Islas y Tierras que descubriete 
en el Mar del Sur expedido por S. M. al 
Marques del Valle, 5 de nov. 1 529 $ Rela- 
cion del viage de Fernando de Orijalva, 
aAo de 1536$ Relaciones de otras viages; 
Relacion de los conquistadores y descubri- 
dores de la Nueva EspaAa, & donde fueron 
con Hernando Cortes, Panfilo de Narvaes 
y otros; Venta de dos navios que hizo Juan 
Rodriguez de Villafuerte al Marquis del 
Valle, 4de nov. 1531. 

— Historia de los Indies de Nueva EspaAa 
por Toribio de Benavente 6 Motolinia. 

'" Colecchn di d$emwumM huMtt fmr^ Im 
kitttria i* EtpMu \ Madrid, 410, 1842-65. 
Commenced by Navarrete, and condnued 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americans. 217 

Wc then find the Carta A, dated Villa Segura de la 1 522. 
Frontera, October 30th, 1520, which contained a chart, 
of the Gulf of Mexica, now lost, but supposed to be 
the original of the map in the Nuremberg Latin edi- 
tion of 1524. The first edition of A is the present 
No. 118 ; the second edition, which we call B, was pub- 
lished at Saragossa, in i ^i^ {infra). 

A was followed by a Carta dated Cuyocan, May 15th, 
1522, which was printed at Seville in 1527 {infra). 
This, which we call C, was sent, together with a secret 
epistle, to the Emperor V. The latter was first pub- 
lished in the N. S. S. Coleccion^*\ and republished by 

The next is a Carta dated Temixtitan, October 
15th, 1524, printed at Toledo, in 1525 {infra). We 
call this D. The second edition of D was printed at 
Valencia in 1526 {infra), and we letter it E. 

D was sent, together with a secret letter, which was 
published for the first time by Seftor Icazbalceta"'. 

The original editions seem to end with E. The 
other Cartas are all modern publications, viz. : 

Carta de relacion, dated Temixtitan, Sept, 3d, 1526'**. 
Carta al Emperadar, dated Temixtitan, Sept. nth, 

Carta al Emperadar, dated Tczcucco, October loth, 


Memorial al Emperador, , ^539"*- 

Carta al Emperador, dated Feb. 3d, 1544''*'. 

by Miguel Salva and P. Sains y Baranda, '** sf, N, S, S. C$Ueti9u^ Vol. IT, pp. 

Vol. IV, or Vol. I, pp. 417-472 (effaced 8-i67(?),and VBOiA,tfi«l»rMi!ir»i,Vol.i. 

memorandum, which we have no means '** 4r^. N, S. S. Coluciti^ Vol. i»PP» 

of veriiying). I4^^3 { Kinosbobouoh, Amiifmitietf vol. 

'** Hiit9riaJ0res primitivs de ImJiasi yiii. 

Madrid, 2 volf., 8to, 1853, ^<>1* i- '** ^* ^* ^* ^- OUcdom^ Y6L I9 ^. 

'"* Vol. I, pp. 11-13. 15 ~4' i *'^^ KmoaoaouoH, AmtifMiMs^ 

*•• jimtifMhitSf Vol. Tin. Vol. Tin. 

^* Separately, in minbtiire shape, black >** ap, N, S. S. OUceioa, Vol. IT, pp. 

letter, and certainly one of the prettiest so 1-6. 

typographical cnrioeitiet known. Inserted *** Mf.N.S.3, Ctlteehm^ Vol. i, pp. 

alto ^ this gentleman's OtUctim^ Vol. i, 41^7 $ tnd KinosioitoooB, Aatifuhies^ 

pp. 470^3- Vol. Tin. 


Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

1522* A, C and D were republished by Barcia'", Loren- 
i._«_ zana'^, and Vedia'". 

The translations are, in LaHn : 
A, Nuremberg, 1524 {infra) ^ Cologne, 1532 (^^tf), 
and ^tNavus Orbis of 1555 and 16 lo. 

C, Nuremberg, 1524 (infra)^ Cologne, 1532, and the 
NavHS Orbis of 1555'^ and 1616. 

In liaUan: 

A, Venic^ ^P4» ^7 ^' ^^ Viano (infra), Venice, 1524; 
by A. de Nicolini {infra), and in Ramusio"', together 
with C and D. 

There is an abstract of A in the following No. 19. 
In French : 

A, C and D (erroneously called Jlrst, second and thirJ 
accounts), in Flavigny's Correspondanc^^, from Loren- 
zana's text, abridged. 

There is an epitome of A and C also in French, but 
from the Latin, raris, 1532'*^, {infra). 

In English : 

A, Philadelphia, 1817-18 ;"«• A, C and D, New York, 

In German : 

A and C, Augsburg, 1550 {infra), according to Bru- 

*** HiawioiUrttfrimithftdtisi im^Mi 
Madrid, fb].| 1749, YoL i (inaccnntely 
with diviaioiit into chapters and headingty 
not in the original). 

>** Bistoria de Nuevt SspsU | Mexico, 
fbl., 1770 (from Barcta*s texts, with omis- 
sions), and in the reprint. New Yoric, tro, 
itftS (which contains in addition an intro- 
duction by Mr. Robert Sands). 

»» /ic f//., Yol. I. 


*** Racdta^ Yol. ni, ibll. 115-296, sm. 

>** Paris, 8to, dtu shm (1778); i/, 
«• En Suisse,** 8vo, 1779. 

^ Printed by Simon de Colines; fol., 
155, up Tk* yrfMgtt tt e9Uftumt dm G^'- 
tshm Ftnuuub Cmruit^ t Imdtt Oeeidtn^ 

Udes. Hittoirt trmdmitt d* Imngwt EspagmU 
ftr QmtUmmt U Bret§m Nhfemmtf Paris, 
lamo, 1588 (Privat. libr.. Providence) is 
only an abridgement of Otikoo and the 
second part of OoMAtA. 

>** In the Port-filh^ by Mr. Alsop, of 
Middletown, Connecticut, who recom- 
mends the work at once to the confiding 
care of the learned. 

^* DisfmicAa of Htnumdt Ortu^ 8vo. 
Tkt PUassmt Hitfrie •/ tJke cowfoest •/ tkt 
Wut Imdia^ urn emlUd Nrw ^simt. At- 
chievid iy ike tt»st wrtJfy Prime* AmMw- 
d9 Cortes, Translated by T. [homas] N. 
[icholas] $ London, 410, 1 596^ mentioiMd 
by Oraesse under the head of Cwtci, is 
only a translation from OoitAaA. * 

Digitized by 


Biblioiheca Americana. 


net^ : '' d'apres la version latine de Savorgnanus, par 
Andre Dietner, maitre de langue latine a Augsbourg i 
(vers 1534), in-fol." A, C and D, by Stapfer^ and 

In Dutch: 

A, C and D^ Amsterdam, 1780*^. 

In Flemish : 

A and C, from Diether's German version, by Cor- 
nelius Ablijn***. 

Our readers doubtless recollect that Hernando Cortes 
died of an indigestion in a village near Seville (Castil- 
lejadela Cuesta), December lOy 1547, not ''dans la 
misere," as we see it frequently stated, but very rich. It 
is known that his body was first transferred to the fiimily 
vault of the Duke de Medina-Sidonia, in Seville ; from 
which it was removed, in 1562, and sent to the monas- 
tery of St. Francis, in Tezcuco, but exhumed in 
1629, to be interred in the convent of St. Francis, in 
the city of Mexico, and again disturbed in 1794'^', when 
it was deposited in a tomb prepared in the celebrated 
Hospital of Jesus of Nazareth. '' Unfortunately for 
Mexico," Prescott says*^, " the tale does not stop here. 
In 1823 the patriot mob of the capital, in their zeal to 
commemorate the era of the national independence, and 
their detestation of the ^ old Spaniards, prepared to 


r/, VoL II, col. 31a. If the 
above qootatioii ii intended to convey the 
imprenion that Dkther taught Latin at 
Aagtburg towards 1534, we can find noth- 
ing to the contrary; but if it refers to an 
edition of 1534* we appreliend that there 
is an error in the date, u we cannot find 
any traces of a version by Diether of about 


**^ Dit Efherumi nwt Mtxic9^ ra Brief en 
mm Carl Vi Heidelberg, 2 vols^ tvo, 1779) 
id^ Bern, 1793 (probably fiom Flationy*s$ 
ace MsusBL, VoL iii, Pt. i, p. ayo). 

*** BerUn, 1 vol., 8vo, 1834. 

**• Brievemvem Kemer Ksrl V^ a vols., 

"* Dh NUmw fFeere/tf Antwerp, feL, 
1563 (PrivaL libr.. Providence). 

'** Alaman, DiterUKtMeif vol. 11, pp. 
50-62, and Appendix 2, pp. 50-98. 

**• Hht, 9/ Mexie9f Vol. ill, p. 350. 
It is curious to nodce how frequently the 
graves of men who deserved well of their 
country have been desecrated or disturbed, 
especially in modem times. The ashes of 
Boccado, Petrarch, Voltaire, J. J. Rous- 
seau, Ben Jonson, even, have not been 
permitted to rest in peace. (See Aoostini, 
Scritt, yiemen.. Vol. i, p. 301 $ Baloelli, 
Jel Petrarca^ p. 169, cited by Liaai, Hit- 
fire des Scieueu mmtAewuuifMa em Italie^ 
VoL II, p. 258, of the wretched Halle re- 

Digitized by 


220 Bibliotheca AmerUans. 

1522* break open the tomb which held the ashes of Cortes, 
mm^^B^ and to scatter them to the winds ! The authorities 
declined to interfere on the occasion ; but the friends of 
the &mily, as is commonly reported, entered the vault 
by night, and, secretly removing the relics, prevented 
the commission of a sacrilege which must have left a 
stain not easily effaced,'" &c., &c. 

Humboldt asserts'*^ that he had " vu a Mexico, dans 
le cabinet du capitaine D * * *, une cote du corps de 
Fernand Cortez que pendant la translation des ossemens 
a la nouvelle chapelie dans Thospital de Los NatwraUs 
on avait enlevee'* but what has become of the rest of the 
body ? Mr. Charton states*^, with no little emphasis : 

** Ce que n't point dit I'toinent historien du Mezique, naus 
sommes en mesure de I'affirmer aujourd^hui : les restes de Cortez sont 
en Italie> dans les domaines du due de Terra-Nova-Monteleone, der- 
nier descendant par les femmes du c^lebre conqu^rant'**." 

We have taken pains to inquire from several residents 
of the city of Mexico. Seftor Icazbalceta, whose author- 
ity no one will think of questioning, writes to us as 
follows ; 

** Le lieu de la sepulture aetuelU de Cortes est enveloppe de mya- 
t^re. D. Lucas Alamin a raconte Thistoire des restes de ce grand 
homme. Sans le dire positivement, il ^t entendre qu'ils sont passes 
en Italic : ' El Conde D. Fernando Lucchesi, que esuba en Mexico 
(1823) como apoderado del sefior duque de Terranova, dispus$ di U 
caja con los buisos, que frovishnalmenti se deposit6 bajo la tarima del 
alur de Jesus/ On croit generalement que le corps de Cortes est i 
Palerme. Mais plusieurs personnes s'obstinent \ dire qu'il est 
encore Mexico* cache dans quelque endroit compl^tement ignore. 
Malgr6 Tamitie dont M. Alaman m'honorait, je ne pus jamais obtenir 
de lui une declaration explicite sur ce fait; il trouvait toujours 
moyen d'en detourner la conversation." 

print; tnd the carious correspondence in descended to a femile, and by her mai^ 

Ulnurmidiaire^ for April, 1864. riage were united with those of the hoose 

'*^ Rxamen CritifiUf Vol. iv, p. 15, k. of Terranova, descendants of the * Great 

*** fyy^emrs smcienM it tudemet $ Paaii, Capuin,* OonsaWo de Cordova. By a 

8vo, 1861, Vol. Ill (an excellent work). subsequent marriage they were carried intp 

i4t M xhe male line of the marquesses the family of the Duke of Monteleone, a 

of the Valley became extinct* in the Neapoliun noble.** PaiscoTT, /ar. eit^ 

fourth generation. The title and estates p. 352. 

Digitized by 


BiHi$theea Americans. Ill 

Direct rtftnmu t C Mivtu, BiUitkets Hitt9ncm^ Vol. m, Put i, p«(t »67. I C 2 2« 

J TxENAOX, BiUiothi^t jimericdime^ No. 25. *^ 

I Bih/itkeca Heheriana^ Part n. No. 1 307. ^^■■■i^ 

Bihlhtkeca GrtrnviUitiut^ page 165. 
Bihlhtkeca Br^mUmSf page 11, No. 34. 
Stevtms* JhurUam Bihliirapktr^ page 13. 
U^rti OmernXf page 26, No. 125. 
Bamrr, Vol. ii, col. 310. 
Eatar, Dktioumry^ No. 5323. 

OaAsan, Vol. 11, page %^^ (for the enoneoaf ttataoMiiC that tha 
work contains oolyfmrtitm leaves). 

119. jiNONrMOUS-'Witbm an ingravid b$rdir: 

Noue de le Ifole & Terra fer||ma Nou- 
amente trouate || In India per el Capi |i 
taneo de larmata de la Cefarea || Maief- 
tate. II 


€ Cautum eft a principe ne quis preter 
Caluum intra annum || Imprimat : sub 
pena ducatorum centum. || 

Virs9 9ft bi titii'pdge: 

Andrea caluo ad Paulo uerrano || & 

Abramo Taflio/ 1| 

Mediolani decimofexto cale. Decembris 

*^ 4to, title one leaf 4- fiYt unnumbered leayet, the verso of the 
last of which is blank. 

(British Museum.) 

Brief abstract of Cortes' second account (No. ii8). 

Dirtet refiremee: Bihlhtkte^ Grtnvillitms, page 166. 

Aaglklt News of the Islands and Con- no one except Calvo nujr print this with- 

tinent recently discovered in India by the in a year, under penalty of one hundred 

captain of the fleet of Hb Imperial Ma- ducats. Milan, i6th kalend. December, 

jcsty. It is cautioned by the Prince that 152ft. 

Digitized by 


Ill BihUoiheca Americana. 

1523. I 20. COJrn^ {TEHNANDOy^Vnitr a w$$dcmt rtfnstmtmg thi 

mmmmma^ Emftr$r CbsrUs V sidtii $n tbt thr$$fi, dMd surr$mndid ky bis C$Mrt: 

Carta W vdamn nti- 

VIUIPU II fw >i |ittefttofeflorpotel«a»ftaii 
gennollllielaitttetta Sfpafia: Uatnalio ;f entanlio 
tvtitfi. £nla qual fafe xt- \\ liuHi ^eUis tierras 9 
ixouindois Hu otfto qiif |«i liefailiinto nimia-ll 
mfte end l^atS 'atl aiio lie. xix. a efta yatte : s |a 
fonutfUo Ola (oro || na uol )i( fit. i&. maieftiQi. Sn 
efpedal faf e rdodim "at bna gtSliifn- 1| ma imincto 
ntttfi rica UanuUia otulua : enU l|l as mus gt9)i(« 
du)(a-||)i(0 5 )(( marauUlofos eliifidotf: s )(( gt8)i(0 
ttototf 5 tiqueffttf. fintte || Uis %U% as bna mas 
marauUlofa 5 tUa i| tolias Uamatia SemfattitS : || l| 
eftapor marattUUfa atte eliificalia fotu bna gtanlie 
lagnna: )iela||i|l dtt)ia)i 5 {nrontda fis res bn gtSs 
WUrnn Mor Uama)io ^nteeat- 1| ma : lidlie le 
acaefciet0 al tayftS 5 alos Siyaiioleis efyfttofas 
cofas lie II ost. <{nenta largamente liel gtAlilfnmo 
feftorio liel )ii(|)o Entreat II ma 5 lie fnis ritiois s 
(erimoniais : 5 "at (omo tt Atne. || 

Ctltpbtn : 

€ Ea prefente (arta lie uladon fue impreffa en:: 
la mns notleljr mns leal eltt)ia)i lie ^aragopi: 
pot <9eorge ®oci ^eman.||A. b. liiatf )ie Sneto. 
^ffo )ie ^.1i.8.xxi{i.* 

* AngHcl I Thit EpittoUiy Relation of SaragOMa, by Ocorge Cod, a Oerman, 
was printed in tlie wttj noble and loyal city Jan. 5th» 1 513. Tlie rest at in No. iiS. 

Digitized by 


BibUoiheca Americana. aaj 

%* Polio* twenty-eight nnniimbered leaves, iaclodiag the title* 1^23* 
• which contains on the verso another woodcnt, representing the ^hi^^h^ 
setting oot of Cortes, followed by the beginning of the text. 

(B*) (Private Libraiy, ProTi4rac«.) 

Second edition of A (No. ii8). 

Dhtct rtftrmcut f SihBtktcm Hehtrimam^ Part to, No. 1184. 
4 BiUitktca GrtmvlUisms^ p«(t 166. 
I BiUitktca BnwmisnSf p«(t i a. No. 36. 
Sttottu* jhiericam BiUitgr^fUr^ page 14. 
Tbrnaoz, No. »7. 
BavMXT, YoL n* coL 311. 

121. CORTES (FERNAND0)'^UM4lir tbiSMMi w$$iUut MS m N$.\l%. 

^ Carta Uvttta W vt- 
lad0 : tmhxt^a ))0r ^tvm n 

1(0 wcit% (opitan r inftida masor tiel sucatan llos 
1110)10 U nueua efpafta||)iel mar oceano: al miis 
alto 5 potenttfftmo ttisx x luictifftmo feftot M II 
<Sarlo0 empero^iot feiidiiet ausu^to 5 ttt )>e eipafia 
nneitto feftor: lieUisllcofais futelifliais r mus liisnas 
)[( olimteiuioii mla (onquifta 5 uvx^t- \\ radon lieU 
mils gratUie r maraufUofa du)ia)i lie Q:emixt{taii : 
S tielatf II otras prouindas a eUa futirtais que fe 
reidaron. IBnU quol diOiali r lii II d)&0 yrouindais 
(I tfirtio (oyitan 8 efpaftoUis (onnguieron granlietf 
S f( II ftaloiiais bidoriatf tfinnais lie perpettta nus 
moria. fUH tnefmo ^^t reUi-||don tomo |S tiefnts 
tierto (I war tieli&ur: r otras mndias r grSlira 
pro- II ttindatf mns ricais lie minais )» oro : 8 pers 
la0 : s pittitas predofais : r abn || tifimi noticia que 
as efpedera. || 

Digitized by 


214 BiiHoiiica AwtmcsM. 

1523. C$l9pb$M: 

— — — € la |lf ente catta S telocOi fiu fniptetfa ila nnis 
noiile r mus Uol citt)ia)i S f euUIa pot || Jocoto cc&: 
fierger olemS : acatofe a. xxx* )ifais )ie mat^o : alto 
S mill r qufniftois r. xxU|. ir 

*^ Folia Tsigiuitores a, b, c» in eighu» d in six) ; thirty onnmn- 
bered leayes, including the titlCf on the yerto of which the 
text begins ; forty-eight lines in a fiill page. 

(C«) (Private Ubr., New York and Proriaeacc) 

Third account, from October 30th, 1520, to May 
15th, 1522. 

Dinet rt ft rtmc u t f MxutBL, Bihlittktes HittoricSf VoL ui, Part i, page 26S. 
-j Pamsbe, Atmmlu Typ9gr,^ Vol. tii, page 12a, No. 19. 
I BiUitkeca He^erisns, Part vii, No. 1884 
BiMtMtca Grtwvilliamm^ page 166. 
Bibiitktc^ BfVfmiaus^ page 12, No. 35. 
Sttvems* jhuricsa Bihlitgrapker^ page 84. 
Lhtrtt Curiimx, page 17, No. 117. 
Rica, No. 5. 
Tbsmavx, No. %6, 
BavMBTy YoL 1I9 cot 311. 


Mintid h9riir c$ntMiMiMg nuit fymrts : 

D£ MOLYCCI8 w \\/ulis, tUmq ; alijs pluribus mirMs, 
qiut\\nouiffima CafiellanaruM nauigalio Se-\\renifs. Im- 
peratoris Carols . V . aujpicu || fujcepta^ nuper inuenit : 
Maximiliani || Tran/yluam ad Reuerendifs. Cardina- \\ lem 
Saltziurgenfem epiftola leOu per- 1| quam iucunda. || 

* Anglklt Third Epistolary Relatioo • and rocofcry of the fcfy great and wob- 
Mnt by Fernando Corteiy Captain and droot dty of Temiititan; alid of tlie other 
Cluef Justice of Yncatan, c^led New prorinccs subjected to it which had re- 
Spain of the Oceanic Sea, to the most Tolted. In wliich dty and said provinces 
high and mighty Cesar and invindble the said captain and Spaniards obtained 
Lord Don Charles, Emperor ever aognst, great and signal victories worthy of pcr- 
and ICing ^ Spain oar Lord, concerning petnal remembrance. There is also an 
the things which have happened and are account how he disoovered the Soodi Sea, 
worthy of admiration in the eonqnast and many other and large psoTinces, f«y 

Digitized by 


BibBoiheca Americana. 225 

Firs9 9ftbi last leaf: 1523* 

Datum ValliJoUti die XXIIII Oaobris M.D.XXII. 
Colonic in adibus Eucharii Ceruicomi. Anno uir^}\ 
ginei partus . M . D . XXIII . menfe || lanuario.^ 

^^ Sm. 8yo» title one leaf + fifteen onnombered leaves; text be- 
gins on the yerso of die title-page. In the border, under 
nude figures* x^^^^ if* *'* ^^^ Graces). 

(Private Librar., New York and Proridence.) 

Our readers are doubtless familiar with the eventful 
life of Fernando de Magalhles, Magalhanes, Maga- 
glianes or Magallanes, usually called Magellan. Born 
either at Porto', Lisbon*, Villa de Sabrosa', or at Villa 
de Figuiero^ of an aristocratic family, date unknown, 
this great navigator, when yet young. Joined the expe- 
dition of Francisco de Almeida to Quiloa in 1505% and 
afterwards that of Albuquerque against Malacca. He 
then fought in Africa, where he received a wound in the 
knee, which rendered him lame for the rest of his life. 
His knowledge of the Moluccas was derived from a 
sojourn of five* or seven^ years in the East Indies. 

When Magellan returned to Lisbon, he gained access 
to the archives of the crown, and ascertained that the 
Moluccas were situated within the hemisphere allotted 

rich ia gold mines, pearls and precious ^ Aboinsola, Confuitu dt 1st islss Mm" 

•tones I and contains also a notice to the ttuMti Madrid, foL, 1609, lib. I, p. 6$ 

eflect that there are spices. Analet di AragoM, lib. i, cap. 13, p. 133. 

The present Epistolary Acconnt was ' A. db Sam Romam, Hisfria gen, de 

printed in the very noble and loyal city of U Imdia Orient,, lib. a, cap. 25, p. 341. 
Seville, by Jacob Oromberger, a German. * Private documents furnished M. Denis, 

Fuished, March 30th, 1523. in Chabton, VoyMgemrt mmeiemt et modenut, 

* jingliel : An episde of pleasant read- Vol. ill, p. 424. 
ing, by Maximilian of Transylvania to the * NMiarie da Coma dt Ctnal^ MS., in 

moat reverend Cardinal of SaUburg, con- Nouv, Biogr, Gemira/e, Vol. 32, p. 672. 
cerning the Molucca Islands, and some * Faria t Sovsa, jisia Fertttgueus^ 

other wonderful things, which have re- Vol. i, Part i, cap. 8 $ M. db la Pubntb, 

cently been discovered during the latest Cemfeudie de leu Hitteriae de It Doscmhri- 

voyage of the Spaniards, undertaken under mientot^ Madrid, foL, 1 68 1, lib. iir, p. 1 5 1. 
the auspices of the most Serene Emperor * Pbtbb Mabttb, O^e epiit,^ epist. 

Charles V. 767. 

Cologne, in the establishment of Eu- ' Oomaba, Hititris d» Ut iMdieu, cap. 

charius Cerricomus, January, A. D. 1523. 91, p. 83. 


Digitized by 



BibRotheca Americana. 

1523* to Spain by the famous Bull of Demarcation*. Vain% 
i^HBHB or perhaps simply conscious of his superiority (a Inti- 
mate feeling, which superficial observers are apt to mis- 
take for vanity^ Magellan resented the unjust treat- 
ment which he had received at the hands of the king, 
in consequence of complaints urged by the inhabitants 
of Azamor against the officers in command at the time 
of the campaign in Africa'*'. He therefore determined 
to remove to Spain, and, in company with the two 
Faleiros (Ruy" and Francisco) and Christovam dc 
Haro", left Portugal; and, for a good cause, as it 
seems'^, openly renounced allegiance to his native coun- 
try. In October, 1 5 1 7, or 1 5 1 8'^ he offered his services 
to Charles V, Informed, perhaps, by de Haro'^, of the 
existence of the Southern Straits, or having derived his 
information from a supposed map of Martin Behaim**, 
or, more probably, sharing the opinion, conjecture, or 
hope, entertained by all navigators'^ at the time, he pro- 

* See mprm^ p. xo, note 70. There it 
a qwunt French translation, abridged, of 
this Papal Boll in Lib. 11 of La Pupblli- 
Miiaty Ias trth Mondii ; Paris, 8vo, 1 582, 
map. It is also inserted in the continua- 
tion of Baeonius* AmiMlti by Bsovius; 
Rome, fbl., 1651, Vol. xix. 

* Maffbi, Historiarum iudiearmmi Co> 
logne« fbl., 1589, Lib. Yiii. 

'* Barbos, Dtcadsi ia Asia^ Decad. 11, 
lib. II, cap. 19$ Decad. iii, lib. 5, cap. 8 ; 
OsoBio, Tke History of tkt FortugutH ditr^ 
img the reign of Emanuei^ translated by J. 
Gibbs; London, 8to, 1751, Book ix. 

" This unfortunate Ruy Faleiro, who 
perhaps originated the project and supplied 
Magellan with four methods to determine 
the longitude, which were suggested to 
him by a " Demomio familitr^^* was refused 
a command, notwithstanding the conven- 
tion of Valladolid, and soon afterwards 
became insane. It was his brother Fran- 
cisco who wrote the rariuime TrataJo do 
U Esfers^ ascribed to Ruy by Humboldt 
(CiMMi, Vol. II, p. 672, note), and sup- 
posed by Leon Pinelo {Epitome^ p. 143), 
and Antonio (Bth, B. Nova^ Vol. i, p. 
413), to have been printed at Seville, in 

1535. (See, concerning Ruy Faleiro or 
Falero, Oviboo, Hitt. gen. de /as hdUu^ 
Lib. XX, cap. i ; Hbrbbba, Ioc, cit.j Dec. 
II, lib. II, cap. 19, p. 51; Abgemsola, 
jinales de Aragon^ lib. i, p. 740 5 Nava«- 
BBTB, DisertacioHf P« 148, and Co/eeetpm, 
— PruehaSf No. Xl, p. LXXTll, Vol. ir.) 

*• See sMpra^ p. 173, note 3. 

'* Faria y Sousa, Comentarios iis Lm- 
siads de Cmwsees ; Madrid, fbl., 1639, 55th 
canto, cited by Navarrete, in his excellent 
introduction to the documents concerning 
Magellan, in his CoUeeiom^ Vol. it. 

^* Hbbbbba, loe. eit, 

•• See smpra^ p. 175. 

'* " II capitano generale* che sapeva de 
dover fare la sua navigasione per un streto 
molto ascoso, como vtte ne la thetoriaria 
del re de Portugal in una carta fiita per 
quello excelentissimo huomo Martin dc 
Boemia, mendo due navi, Aec.** Pioa- 
rBTTA (Amoretti*s edit. p. 36) ; see also 
Chauvbton, iupra^ p. 38, note a \ Ramo- 
sio. Vol. I, fbl., 354, and db Mvbr, JKFjc 
Diplomat,^ where all assertions conceniiji| 
the claims of Behaim are discussed. 

*^ As early as 1501, Vespncdos pro- 
posed to double the extremity of the 

Digitized by 


BibRotheca Americana. 


posed to the Emperor to reach the Moluccas by a new and 1523. 
shorter route", and informed him of his rights to those ^^^mmmm 
islands. Notwithstanding the remonstrances of Alvaro 
da Costa, the Portuguese Embassador, and threats to 
murder Magellan'', Charles V signed, at Valladolid, 
March 22d~, 151 8, the stipulation whereby Magellan 
was at last enabled to sail, on the morning of Monday, 
August loth, 1 5 19, from San Lucar de Barrameda. The 
fleet was composed of the Trinidad (flag-ship), the San An-- 
fonioy the Concepcion^ the Santiago and the famous Victoria. 
Estavam Gomez" also joined the expedition, but returned 
to Seville, May 6th, 1521, without having witnessed 
the accomplishment of this great undertaking. The 
expedition consisted, in all, of two hundred and sixty-five 
individuals, whose names have been preserved. Among 
them we notice a native of Bristol, " Maestre Andres 
Condestable." The fleet sailed by the Canaries and 
Cape de Verde, reaching, December 13 th, 15 19, what 
is now called Rio de Janeiro. After great delays, and 
several revolts, all much more authentic and bloody 
than those ascribed to the crews on board Columbus* 
vessel", Magellan doubled, October i8th, 1520, the 
cape of Las Virgines, issuing out of the Strait, on the 

Southern Hemisphere ; and in November, 
1 5 14, orders were given to Pedrarias Davila 
and Joan Diax de Solis to fit oat an expe- 
dition with the view of finding an opening t 
** abertura dc la tierra.** See Documents 
in NAVAmam, Vol. iii, pp. 134 and 357$ 
Lblkwbl, Gi9gr. im Moyen^Jge, Vol. ll, 
p. 164, note 336$ HoMBOLOTi Bxaaun 
Oitifrntp Vol. I, pp. 320 and 350, Vol. 11, 
p. 19 ; OmpSf Vol. II, p. 646, note. 

*' Otiboo, /oc, cit,f Lib. xx, cap. i. 

** Faua t Sousa, Eurtpa pprtngntsa f 
Lisbon, 3 vols., 8vo, 1678-80, Vol. 11, 
Part II, cap. i, p. 543. 

** Natabkbti, CtueeioMf Vol. iv. Doc. 

** This astute Portuguese navigator was 
afterwards sent by Charles V. in search of 
a north-west passage, and in 1524 fbl- 
lowtd our coasts from Florida to Rhode 

Island, and perhaps as far north as Cape 
Cod. A well-known writer on the history 
of the United States, whose £iwning work 
it is ^hionable to purchase, but impossible 
to read through, is of opinion that there is 
in existence a printed account by Gomes 
himself, of his curious vovage. It is scarcely 
necessary to say that such an account does 
not exist. (See, concerning Oomes, Bai- 
BOSA Macmado, Biblhtke€a LmsitamSf VoL 
IT, p. 669 ; NAVAKaxTB, Oletehm^ Vol. it, 
Prueha XiT; and especially Diego Ribero*s 
map in Kohl*s Alte»ttn Gtnersi'Karttn ««« 
Jtmerika o^uigtf, in d. J, 1 517-1 519, mmf 
Befeki K, KarPs V^ where, under the 
designation of tiemu d* Estavam Gomett^ 
his route coastwise may be traced. <* Many 
codfish and no gold,** says the inscription.) 
^ Maxim. TaANSVLv., Spist. in Novms 
Orhisof 1537, p. 591. 

Digitized by 


228 BihB^ihics Ammetma. 

1523. Pacific side, after twenty-two days^, or on November 
^^mmmmm 27th, and commenccd sailing on that noble sea, which 
he himself named Oceano Pacifico^. We scarcely need 
remind our readers that the eastern portion of the 
Pacific had been already navigated, but farther north, 
as early as 15 13, by Alonso Niardn de Don Benito. 

Taking possession of several islands, where he com- 
mitted a series of political blunders, Mi^llan encaged 
in a war with the natives of the small island of Matan 
(one of the Philippines), where he was killed, Saturday, 
April 27th, 1 52 1. The Fictoria, under the command 
of Miguel*' or Juan Sebastian Del Cano, was the only 
vessel which, of those that had crossed the Straits, 
returned safely to Spain^ ; landing at Seville Monday, 
September 8tn, 1522, with a crew of eighteen men all 
told, but entitled to the honor of having first circum- 
navigated the world. 

As the fact that the Strait bears the name of its first 
explorer might lead some critics to infer that Magellan 
originated this appellation, we must say that he only 
called it Estrecho PatagonkOy and afterwards Estrecho de 
la Victoria?^. 

The account, journal, or ephemerides which, accord- 
ing to Antonio** and Barbosa% was written by Magellan, 
and which seems to have been in existence as late as 
^1^3> ^^^ lost, Barros has preserved^ the instructions 
which he gave to his several captains when in the 
channel of Todos los Santos, November 21st, 1520 
(1521 ?) We possess also his will and several memo- 
rials, all written before his departure. As to the De- 
scripcion de los reinos, castas, puertasy is las que hay en el 

** '*a6 Noo^brii**— MAZiM.TtAKfTLT.9 garofani molto piik eccelenti delli tdlitt; c 

Efiti, \m N9vmt Orhis of 15379 p. 591. le alcre mie nare in 5 anni mai noora ci 2 

** PiOArrrTA, loe. eit, trapclata. Sdmansi pene.** — jfrcAroo Sf^ 

** Maxim. Tramstlt., Ue. ih, rin ItalioMf Florence, 184S-1857, Ap- 

** See the passage in the curious letter pendix. Vol. iz. 
of Fkknamdo Caku : ** che appena 2 on ^ PioAprrrAy /k. eit. 
anno icmi [the letter is dated August 4th, *' Bihi, H. Ntvm^ VoL n, p. 379. 
1524] Fernando Magaghiana, quale disco- ** Bihi'mkeea Ltuhmnm^ Vol. n, p. 31. 
perse grande paese con una nave mello ** It cit,^ Dec. m, lib. 5, c. 9, pubUshcd 

delle cinque a discoprire. Donde adduse la Spanish if Natauiti, he. dt^ 45-49* 

Digitized by 


Bihlhthicm * Americana. 229 

mar de la India oriental^ discovered by Navarrete iii 1 793, 15^3* 
it is not considered authentic. The account written mbbbb 
by Peter Martyr in 1522"; the 2)^/ Descubrimienlo del 
Estrecho de Magellan^ of Andres de San Martin'% con- 
suited by Herrera; Oviedo's stpzrztt Hisioria del Esire- 
cAo^^ {Hist, Gen. Lib. xx ?), and the narration of Leon 
Pancaldo de Saona, the pilot of the Fiaoria^, are also lost. 
The narrations which we possess are : 

1. Figafetta's Prima Viaggio intomo al rlobo terra-- 
aueoj long known only through Fabre's garbled version 
in French, published at Paris in or about 1 525 (infra)^ and 
first published in full from an Italian MS. by Amoretti''. 

2. Bautista's RoUiro da Viagem de Femam de Magal- 
haes. This Bautista was a Genoese pilot who accom- 
panied Magellan. His account, the original of which 
is in the Imperial Library at Paris, was published for 
the first time in I83I'^ 

3. DuARTE Barbosa's SommaHo di tvtti il regni^ citth 
e papuli deir Indie orientaliy as we find it in Ramusio is 
only a description of the countries visited by Magellan. 
But in 1 8 12 a manuscript was found in Lisbon, and 
published the year following by the Portuguese Academy 
of Sciences'^, which, under the title of Livro emque dh 
relacito do que viu e ouviu no oriente^ gives the original 
text of Barbosa, and, to a certain extent, an account of 
Magellan's voyage. Duarte Barbosa was his brother- 
in-law, and died By his side at Matan. 

4. Francisco Albo's Diario 6 derrotero del viage de 
Magallanes desde el cabo de San Agusiin en el Brasil, hast a 
el regreso i Espafla de la nao Victoria^ in Navarrete'*. 

5. Antonio Brito's letter to the Kinff of Portugal, 
found in the archives of the Torre de Tombo by 
Mufioz, and also published by Navarrete^. 

'* Oft. epitt.f Epbt. 797, and Ramv- ** MiUn, 410^ i8oo» maps, 
no. Vol. I, p. 347, introd. ** Noticiat para a kistoria t gfgrifa 

"* Amtonio, B. H, N0va^ Vol. i, p. 79. das aaeSet mhramarimasi Lisbon, 4to. 

" L. PntKLo, p. 9^; Amtonio, i, p. 555. ** Idem •ptu. 

'* Mr. Denis cites for this unknown ** OfUeeiw^ VoL nr, pp. 109-147. 
account: Olpooio, JliJUan Liguuie: ** Ite, cit.^ pp. 305-311. 

Digitized by 


230 Bibliotheea Americana. 

1523* 6. The present account by Maximilian op Transyl- 

■BBiHB VANiA, Charles V's secretary^, written in the form of an 

epistle addressed to the Abp. of Salzburg, and dated 

Valladolid, October 24th, 1522. Of this, we describe, 

de visUy the following editions : 

The present No. 122, which seems to be t\it princeps\ 
the Rome edition of November, 1523 {infra); and 
and another Roman reprint, dated February, 1524 (/»- 
fra). We vouch for no other*'. 

Maximilian's epistle was inserted in the two editions 
of the Novus Orbis dated respectively 1537** and 
1555*'. There is an Italian translation in Kamusio^. 
^favarette published in his CoUccioti^^ a Spanish version, 
apparently copied from a manuscript in the Library of 
the Royal Academy of History, Madrid. This, in- 
stead ot being dated Oct. 24th, bears the date "a cinco 
deOctubre;' and contains a short introduction, prob- 
ably by the translator, from which we extract the follow- 
ing curious lines : ^' la cual [una largo relacion en 
lengua latina], dirigio al cardinal Salpurgense obispo dc 

It IS scarcely necessary to remind the reader that the 
account of Magellan's voyage, as given by Hulsius^^ 
is only an extract from Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis and 
Chauveton's Discours. 

Direct references : f Panxkr, jimales Ti^fgr,^ VoL ▼!, page 388, No. 375. 
i La Valliere Catalogue, Vol. ▼, page 35. 

I Bibliotheea Heberiana^ Part i, No. 445 1, and Pan n, No. 3687. 
Bihliotkeca Gremfi/Zismaf page 454. 
Bihliotkeca Brvnmiama^ page l%^ No. 38. 
Hisfrical Nmgiets^ No. 1868. 
Teknavx, No. 30. 
BauNETy Vol. Ill, col. 1550. 
GtAistt, Vol. IT, page 45a. 

** ** Genero di Cristofbro de Haro,** identical with the present nomber, with 

AMoatTTi, p. XXXYIU. the exception of an x inadreruntly added 

*^ The No. 142 of Livres CnrieuXf by the printer to the colophon. 
«* Vallisoleti, 28 Oct. 1522 (et pas Co- " pp. 585-600. 
lonis, 1 523V* mutt be viewed only in the ** pp. 524^38. 
light of an indication directed to book- ** Raceotta^ Vol. i, pp. 347*352. 
tdlen, and based upon the date in the text ^* Vol. tT, pp. 249-285. 
of the Cologne edition. At to the Pinelli- ** Sammimmg vm Seek* und Zmmmrn^ 

Panser-Librl edition dated 1533, it b &i(^4iin»ir; P. yi, Nuremberg, 4(0,1603. 

Digitized by 


BihBotheea Amerieana. 231 

123. UAXIMJLtAN or TRANSTLyANUI—iritbia m bigblj 1 5 23* 
$rasmnttd btritr : 1 

Maximiliani Tranfyluani CaefarisHa fe- 
cretis Epiftola, de admirabili || & nouifllma 
Hifpanoru in Orien || tern nauigatione, qua 
uariS) & nul || li prius accefTs Regiones inu- 
etsllfunt) cum ipfis etia Moluccis infuHlis 
beatifUmiS) optimo Aromatu || genere refer- 
tis. Inauditi quoq. inllcola^t mores expo- 
nuntur, ac mul || ta quae Herodotus, Plinius, 
Soli/||nus atque alii tradiderunt, fabuloHfa 
efTe arguun!. Contra nonnulla || ibide || 
uera, uix tamen credibilia ex || plicant. 
quibufcum hiftoriis Infu || laribus ambitus 
defcribit alterius || Hemifphaerii, qua ad 
nos tandem II hifpani redierunt incolumes.|| 

Colopbtn §M tbi ncto of Uaffiftantb : 

♦^* Sm. 4to, title one leaf -|- three preliminary leaves -|-^/'^* 
unnumbered leaves ; text in Roman characters. (The signa- 
ture D ii is wrongly marked £ 2.) 

(Private Librar., New York and Providence.) 

In this edition, the date, "Vallifoleti die XXIIII 
Octobris M.D.XXII," is omitted altogether. 

Direct reftremtts: C Bibtiotkeca Heberiana^ Part vi, No. 233 1» and Part vii, No. 4113. 
•i Bib/iotkeea BrowHiana^ page ii, No. 37. 
I Tbknaux, No 19. 
BaoNKT, Vol. Ill, col. 1549. 

GtABItB, Vol. lY, pp. 451-2. 

Digitized by 


232 BihlhtheeB Awurkana. 

1524. 124. UAXtMILtAV or TRjaartrjIIfljt-intiia s bigi/f 

^^^^^B traMtiuuttd htritr : 

Maximiliani Tranfyluani Csfaris || a fe- 
creds Epiftola, de admirabili || & nouiilima 
Hifpanoru in Orien || tern nauigatione, qua 
uariasy&nulllliprius acceflie Regiones inu- 
etaellfunt, cum ipfis etia Moluccis infuHlis 
beadiGmis, opdmo Aromatu||genererefer- 
ds. Inaudid quoq. in||cola^ mores expo- 
nun tur, ac mul II ta quae Herodotus, Plinius, 
Soli/||nus atque alii tradiderunt, fabulo||fa 
efTe arguunt Contra nonnulla || ibide || 
uera, uix tamen credibilia ex || plicant. 
quibufcum hifloriis Infu || laribus ambitus 
defcribit alterius || Hemifphaerii, qua ad 
nos tandem II hifpani redierunt incolumes. || 


\* Sm. 4to, title one leaf + three preliminary leares +foMrteew 
unnumbered learet ; text in Roman characters. 

(PriYite Library, New York.) 

The present is a literal copy of the above No. 123, 
as far as signature B ii, which, in this copy, ends widi 
" inuenerint," instead of " qua." The signature D ii 
is correctly given, 

Dirut rtfinmet t Reint (of MUtn) Catdoguey Parb, 1834-40. 

Digitized by 


BikB$thiC€ Americana. 233 

125. CORTBS {FEMNjiNDOy^fFithm s il$MkU k$rdir: 1 5 2^ 

tf otteHi lie ^oua matiis ®ceani f^s || fpania ^ats 
tatfo ^{Ktati^nmo. at Jniticti^n- 1| mo Carolo 
Romanoru Imperatori Temper Augufto, 
Hyfpa II niaru, & c Regi Anno Domini. 
M.D.XX. tranfmifTa : || In qua Continen- 
tur Plurima fcitu, & admiratione || digna 
circa egregias earn puintiarQ Vrbes, In- 1| 
colaru moreS) pueroru Sacrificia, & Reli- 
giofas II perfonas, Potifllmucp de Celebri 
Ciuitate || Temixtitan Variif(p illi^ mari- 
bilib9, qu9 || legete mirifice deledabut. || p 
Dodore || Petru faguorgnanu \sic\ Foro 
lulienfe || Reuen. D. loan, de Reuelles || 
Epifco. Vienefis Sacretariu || ex Hyfpano 
Idi||omate in lati||nu verfa||ANNO Dni. 
M.D.XXIIII, KL. Martii:||Cum gratia, 
& Priuilegio. || 


C) Explicit fecunda Ferdinandi Cortefli 
Narratio per Doc || torem Petnim Sauor- 
gnanum Foro lulienfem ex Hy- 1| fpano 
Idiomate in latinum Conuerfa. Im- 1| 
prefTa in Celebri Ciuitate Norimberga. || 
Couentui Imperiali pr^lidente Sere- 1| nif- 
(imo Ferdinando Hyfpaniaru Infate, & 


Digitized by 


234 Bibtiotheca Americana. 

1524* Archiduce Auftriae || Sac : Ro. Imp: Lo- 
cut. II Gencrali 1| Anno, Dfli M.D.XXIIII : 
Quar. No. Mar. || Per Fridericum Peypus.|| 

Ricto 9f tbi fifty fifth leaf: 

De Rebus, et Infulis nouiter Repertis || 
a Serenifs. Carolo Imperatore || Et Variis 
earum genti- || um moribus. || 

%* Folio, four preliminary leaves, including the title, then text 
in XLix leaves, followed by Peypus' mark, -(- twelve numbered 
leaves for the Z>/- Rebus et Insults. Plan of Mexico, on a 
large folded leaf, which contains an inscription, in five lines, 
below the scale, not to be found in the fac-simile published 
in the American Bibliographer. Marginal notes in black 
letter, text in Roman. (In one of the copies which we 
have examined, the verso of the fourth preliminary leaf con- 
tains, within a medallion, a large woodcut portrait of Pope 
Clement VII, with the scriptural citation : ** Super Aspi- 
dem' et basiliscum ambulabis.") 

(Private Librar., New York, Providence and Washington city.) 

Dirt€t rtfirtmets! ( MArrrAiKi, Annaht Typpgr.^ Vol. u, page 651. 
i PANXKa, AnnaUs Typogr,^ Vol. tii, page 466. 
I MaottL, Bibliotkeca Historiea^ Vol. in, Part i, page 269. 
TiaNAUX, No. 31 (describes the above as being stne amno mmtloc9%. 
BauiftT, Vol. II, col. 312. 
EaaaT, Dictionary, No. 5314. 
Bihiiotkeca Tkottianaj Vol. vii, page 105. 
Bibliotkeca Heberiana^ Part vi, No. 2415, and Part ix. No. 910. 
Bibliotkeca Grenvilliana, page 166. 
Bibliotkeca Brovoniana^ page 1 3, No. 42. 
Stevens* American Bibliograpker, page 86. 
Solar Catalogue, No. 2491, with portrait of Clement. 
Butsch Catalogue, page 23, No. 344. 

* Amglici t The fiimous narration of Per- ceming the remarkable cities of those pro- 

nando Cortes, concerning New Spain of vinces, customs ofthe inhabitants, sacrifices 

the Oceanic Sea, forwarded to the Most of children, and on the subject of .religious 

Sacred and Invincible Charles, Emperor persons, especially on the city of Temix- 

ever august of the Romans, King of Spain, dtan and its various wonders, which will 

ftc, A. D. 1 520, containing many things delight the reader in a wonderful manner j 

worthy of being learned and admired, con- translated firom the Spanish language into 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana, 235 

126. CORTES {rERNANDO)^Witbin a frame and kil$w a mi^ 1 5 24. 
dalUon contammg a most unseemly portrait ef Charles V. ^^^mmmm 

Cettia /«^MnaM Car- 11 

tfftC ^«. <ttaefat. et OTatf). naatefta. || IN NO- 
GENE- II ralis praefeAi pclara Narratio, In 
qua Celebris Ciuitatis Temix || titan ex- 
pugnatiO) aliarucp Prouintiaru, quf defe- 
cerant recupe- 1| ratio continetur, In quaru 
expugnatione, recuperationecp Prsefelldus, 
una cum Hyfpanis Vidorias ceterna me- 
moria dignas con || fequutus eft, pr^terea In 
ca Mare del Sur Cortefium detexiflc re- 1| 
cefet, quod nos Auftrale Indicu Pelagus 
putam^, & alias innume || ras Prouintias 
Aurifodinis, Vnionibus, Variifcp Gemma- 
rum II generibus refertas, Et poftremo illis 
innotuiffe in eis quo(p Aro- || matac \sic\ 
ontineri, Per Dodore Petrum Sauorgnanii 
Foroiulienfem || Reuen. in Chrifto patris 
dfii lo. de Reuelles Epifcopi Vienenfis || 
Secretarium Ex Hyfpano ydiomate In 
Latinum Verfa. || 

Latin, by Dr. Peter Saguorgnano (</r) of nando Cortet, traiulated from the Sfanub 

Forli, Secretary to the Reverend D. John into Latin by Dc Peter Savorgnano of 

deReveUe>,BUhopofVienna, A. D. 1514, Forli. Printed in the bmoin city of 

March lit. With permiition and priTUege. Nuremberg, while the moet Serene Ferdi- 

Hcre end( the Second Relation of Fer- nand. Infant of Spain, and Archduke of 

Digitized by 


236 BiilioiAics AwumoM. 

1524* C$i9tb$M: 

— "■■" ImprefTum In Imperiali || Ciuitate Nor- 
imberga, || Per Difcretum, & proui || dum 
Virum Foedericu || Arthemefium Ciuem |I 
ibidem, Anno Vir- || ginei partus Mil || le- 
fimoquingente || fimo vigcfimo || quarto* ||* 

Recto •fliMfl: 

f De Rebus et Infulis nouiter Reper- 
tis II a Serenifs. Carole Imperatore, Et 
Variis earum eenti- || um moribus. || 

(Inserted in the place ofthe lost First Narrttion.) 

*^* Polio, four preliminary unnumbered leaves, 4* fi%-one num- 
bered leaves -|- one loif of errau. Text in Roman, with 
marginal notes in Gothic. Imperial arms on reverse of the 

(PriYate Libr., New York, Provutence and Wathiiigtoa city.) 

First edition of Savorgnanus' Latin Version of 
Cortes' Second and Third Letters. 

'' Mr. Heber had written the following note in his Catalogue : 
' In the '« Novus Orbis*' compiled by Grynseus from the papers 
of Huttichius, and published for the fourth time at Basil by Her- 
vagius, in i$$$, Pol., these second and third letters of Cortes, as 

AottrU, Lieutenant General of the Holy 
Roman Empire, was president of the Im- 
perial Cooncil, A. D. March 4th, 1504, 
By Frederick Peyput Arthimetiiit. 

* jitwlidt The third Naartion of Fer- 
nando Cortet, of Hit Sacred Imperial and 
Catholic Majesty in New Spain of the 
Oceanic teaj containing the conquest of 
the celebrated city of Temixtitan, and the 
recorery of other provinces which had 
been lost \ in the conquest and recovery of 
which the GoTemor and Spaniards gained 
victories worthy of being remembered} 
besides which is related how Cortes dis- 

GOTeied the South Sea, which we consider 
the Southern Indian Ocean, and innumer- 
able other provinces abounding in gold 
mines, pearls and various kinds of pre- 
cious stones, and whereby it was made 
known that they also contain spices. 
Translated from the Spanish into Latin, 
by Dr. Peter Savorgnano of Forli, Secre- 
tary to the Reverend Father in Christ, 
Lord John de Revelles, Bishop of Vienna. 
Printed in the Imperial City of Nuremberg, 
by the discreet and provident man Fred- 
erick Arthemisius, citisen of the said dty, 
the year of the Virgin's parturition 1514. 

Digitized by 


BiHiothecm Amerieana. 237 

trtiulated by Savorgntnut, are faithfully inserted, bat are not to be I C 2^ 
found in th^ preceding editions. The dedication, however, to Cle- ^^ggg^„^— 
ment VII. prefixed to the version of the f§rmir relation (dated firom 
Nuremberg, Id. Feb. 1524) is omitted, and so is the Carmen ad 
Lectorem, in fourteen Latin elegiacs. This is the more remarkable, 
as the corresponding introduction and verses at the commencement of 
the smeceeimg relation, are carefully preserved. In this copy on the 
verso of A iv. after « Argumentum Libri,' is a fine woodcut portrait 
of Clement VII. not in the Heber copy.'" 


Uirut f^trtmtt s ^ TitifAUX, No. 33. 

Bkvnkt, Vol. n, col. 31s. 
BiHiHiiea GrenvilUsmm^ p«ge 167. 
Biblitkeea Brvwnimna^ ptfe 13, No. 42. 
Bihlitktea Bsr/9wisms^ page 1 3. 
Stiwwi JSmirkmn BiUitgrgfAtr^ page 87. 

I 27* JtPIjiNUS {PSTBR)^$9rm§MMtmg £ ghhe: 


^\m% Wlkn ^M %^m\ |^ji- 
tkmntid ftttdtDife tA\tt^%. 

C$i9fb$n on page 104 : 

IF Sxntfum lanoff^titae Cspiis oc tovmtiliis || 9* 
Joanniis UStesffentnirgeris: impenftisll^etri^iant 
anno Otf^rifti ^al- II uatoriis omnium DIUleftmo i jj 
Quingenteftmo i biceftmo- 1| quarto i ^enfe Ja- II nu : 
ii)eto 3a II ttttni Komi- 1| cilitim || pofHlrente* || 

*^* 4to, Title one leaf + five preliminary leaves unnumbered (in 
some copies these are inserted at the end of the work) + one 
hundred and three numbered pages. On the verso of the 
title, the arms of the Cardinal, Abp. of Saltzburg ; on page 2, 
a globe with the word AMERI on an island ; revolving dia- 
grams on pages 17, 22 and 63, the latter containing the word 

(Private Ubrar., New York and Brooklyn.) 

Digitized by 


238 Bibttothees Americana. 

I ^ 24>« On page 69^ the fourth chapter begins with these words : 

*"""=* America : quae ntitw <!|uatta paw terroe liW || 
ttinati Amerfco {Eefpucio eftifus inuttore nomen 
fottita eft« II i&t not! immerito : Quoniam mari bnHi- 
(p (latiHitttr Jnftila op || pellatur** 

Peter Bienevitz or Apianus was born at Leissnig in 
Saxony, in 1495'. He died at Ingolstadt, where he held 
a professorship in the University for more than thirty 
years, in 1551 (Jicher^)^ or in 1552 {Vossius^). Accord- 
ins to Melchior Adam^ not only Apianus' dedication 
or the present work to Charles V was rewarded with 
the order of Knighthood, but he received in addition 
three thousand golden crowns. Teissier says of him' : 
" II s'adonna a Flmprimerie [Astrologie ?] et n'eut jamais 
d'egal dans I'invention des instrumens d'Astronomie.'* 
He was also the designer of the earliest map which con- 
tains the name of " America." (See supra^ page 183). 
M. D'Avezac remarks^ concerning the woodcuts in- 
serted in the Cosmographia (Caps, vii and viii), that : 

"La disposition des m^ridiens et des parallMes, compt^ de 10 en 
10 degr6s, est representee en une s6rie de lignes droites equidistantcs 
pour ceuz-ci, et une serle de demi-cerdes 6quidistants pour ceuz-li, 
les uns se multipliant jusqu'au nombre de 36 (ce qui fait 360 degr^t), 
et les autres s'allongeant i proportion, afin de remplir dans toute sa 
largeur la figure de I'orbe terrestre entier, developp6 en ovale dont le 
plus grand diametre coincide avec I'equateur du globe. C'etait Pes- 

3uisse rudimentaire d'une projection nouvelle qui, d'abord risquee 
ans ses proportions ezigues, devait engendrer I vingt ans d'intervalle, 
la grande et remarquable nuppemonde de Sebastien Cabot^, o^ conune 
dans les specimens d'Apianus, I'echelle des longitudes est ezpresse- 

* jinglM : America, which it now 
called the fbarth part of the world, took 
its name from Americas Vetpuccio, who 
discovered it $ and is called an bland lor 
the reason that it is surrounded by water. 

• Pantalxon, ProtopograpAU f Basle, 
fol., 1566, Part III, p. 149, cited by Cli- 
M BUT, Bibiiotkiqut Otrleuse^ Vol. 1, p. 405, 
who also quotes : Albimvs Mtistniuke 
Lm»d mmd Btrg^Ckrouica i Dresden, kX^ 

1589, p. 350; Rkvsneb, icMCf Virw, ih. 
illustr.f Strasburg, 8to, 1590, p. 175. 

* jillgem, Oe/ekrt, Lixic^ Vol. 1, p. 465. 

* De MatAesif p. 148. 

* yitseGermam.PkiUs.; Frankfurt, 8to^ 
1663, p. 141, cited by Clement. 

* E/tges des Hommes Satfsns, Vol. I, p. 55. 

* C9Mp d'mil kiifrique sur U Prpjeethm 
des Cmrus de Oeegrapkie | Paris, Svo, 
«««3t PP- $3-55- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 239 

ment d'un dert moindre que celle des latitudes, de peur d'une ezten- j c 24.« 
tion ddmesuree du cadre dans Ic sens d'est en ooest : mais c'etait II ^ '' 
une consideration purement accidentelle, qui ne devait entraver au- ^^■^s!^™ 
cunement le retour ulterieur a Tuniformite d'echelle. Facile I tracer 
ce mode de projection fit fortune, et il se repandit dans toute I'Europe 
I la faveur surtout des publications capiules de Sebastien Munster et 
d* Abraham Ortclz." 

This work has been frequently printed and translated. 
We give, infra^ editions in Latin of 1C29, 1533, 1539, 
1540, 1541, I545> 1550; in French of 1544, and 
in Spanish one of 1548. There are other editions in 
Italian and Dutch, but of a later date. The " Cosmo- 
graphie ecrite en Alleman," mentioned by Teissier, we 
have never seen. It is worthy of remark that Clement 
selects from all the editions of Apianus' Cosmographia 
that of Antwerp, 4to, 1584, as the " plus ample & la 
plus considerable de toutes les editions." 

There are several editions of an abridgment of this 
work, made, in all probability, by Apianus himself, and 
which repeats verbatim entire passages from the second 
part of the original edition. It is frequently mistaken' 
tor WaltzmuUer's Cosmographidt Iniroduciio (supra Nos. 
44-47). We have before us the editions of Ingolstadt, 
i2mo, M.D.XXIX (colophon dated M.D.XXXII). 
thirty-one leaves; Ingolstadt, i2mo, M.D.XXIX (colo- 

{)hon dated M.D.aXXIII, Mense lanuario)^ forty 
eaves; Venice, 8vo, MDXXXV, thirty-one leaves; 
Venice, 8vo, MDXXXXI {Mensis lulij^ ex colophon), 
twenty-four leaves. 

Direct referemcet: f Pamsbk, Aunsles Ty^r,^ Vol. rn, page 134, 
•J Biyiiethtca TAottisma^ Vol. tii, p«ge 219. 
I Biblltketa BMrlewimna, page 11. 
Bihlitkecii Brtvocrtiaiiaf — . 
Aspinwall Catalogue, No. 5. 
Ebbkt, No. 784. 
BaoifiTy Vol. I, col. 342. 
Oraimb, Vol. I, page 159. 

^ Republished in Jomako, MoMmmentt * See Sxamem Critique^ Vol. it, p. 1 14, 
de Is Ghgrapkie. See our appendix. and ourtelves {t»prm^ p. 61, note 88). 

Digitized by 


040 BUBoihio^ AmericMa. 

152 4* 128* BBRGOMAS (J AC PHIL.y^Jk0Pi M krgi w—icmt rif^ 

■i^K^Bs restnttMg Si, Micbaei and tbi iragiu : 

9t It <St)tonid)e liel Beneranlio polite ;fta-||te 
Jocofio ^t)Ul{i)0 liel oxttint l^eremitano || ^mo 
fSLuttfoxt, Iftlgatff ato r f^sftotiato. II otm U giiinta 
pet inisino. 1524.II 

C$l0pb$n : 

C Finifle Supplemento de le Chroniche 
Vulgarizato fie Hyftoriato con la gion jj ta 
per inflno del anno 1524. del mefe di 
Octobrio. ImprefTo in Veneda || per lo^e 
Francifcho & loanne Antonio Fratelli di 
Rufconi. II Regnante lo Inclyto Principe 
Andrea Griti. Nel an- 1| no del Signore. 
1524. del mefe di Nouebrio.jl 

%* Polio, cccLxvi numbered leaves, many woodcuts. 

(Brititli MoMom.) 

I 29. CORTES (rMRIiAIiDO)—mtbm M irtai hrdtr: 

Ea pteelata ^artatione )ii ;f erliinan || do 
Cortefe della Nuoua Hifpagna del Mare 
Oceano, al || SacradflimO) & Inuidiflimo 
Carlo di Romani Imperatore fern || pre 
Auguilo Re Dhifpagna & cio che fiegue, 
nellano del Si||gnore. M.D.XX. trafmefTa: 
Nella quale fi eotegono mol || te cofe degne 
di fcienza, & ammiradone) circa le dttadi 
egregie di quelle Prouinde cofhimi dhab- 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 241 

itatori, fa || crifici di FanciuUi, & Religiofe 1524. 
perfone, Et mafli- 1| mamcnte dclla celcbre 
citta Temixtitan, & va- 1| rie cofe marauig- 
liofe di quella, e quali dilet- 1| teranno mira- 
bilmete il lettore per il Dot- 1| tore Pictro 
Sauorgnano Foroiulienfe || Del Riuerendo 
Mefler Giouani de || Reuelles Vefcouo di^^ 
Vienna Se-|| cretario dal iddioma Hifpagni|| 
nolo in lingua latina Con-||ucrfa Nel Anno. 
M.D.XXIIII. di Primo Mar||zo : Hora 
nellefteflbll Millefimo di XVII. Agofto.Voi|| 
Candidiflimi lettori leggerete con diletta- 
tione & piacere || grandiflimo la prcfata 
Narratione di Fernando Corte fe dalla 
Facodia latina al fpledore della lingua vol- 
gare p Mefler Nicolo Liburnio co fidelta 
& diligeza tradotta al comodo, & fodisfat- 
tione de glhonefti & virtuofi ingegni. || 

<ECttm gtatia r ^tiuUegio.H 

Coitpban : 

C Stampata in Venctia per Bernardino 
de Viano de Lexona Vercellefe. Ad in- 
flancia de Bapti- 1| fta de Pederzani Brixiani. 
Anno domi-llni. M.D.XXIIII. Adi. XX. 

*^sf/K2.' The£unoiitRelitionofFer- the Oceanic Sea, traiumitted in the jrear 
naodo Coitet, concerning New Spain of A. D. 1510, to the moat Sacred and Invin- 


Digitized by 




BibRotheca Americana. 

\* 4to, fcvcnty-thrcc numbered letres. On the Teno of the list, 
a printer's mark representing an elephant. This edition con- 
uini a large plan of the city of Mexico, with descriptions in 
lulian instead of Latin, as in the Peypus Cortes of 1524 (No, 
1 25), which was evidently the prototype for the present. 

(Private Libnr., New York and ProvMence, and 
N. Y. Historical Soc. Libr.) 

This Italian version of the second account differs 
materially from that which was given by Ramusio". 

Direft refireiuti t I 

Bihl'Mkeea PimeUimnm^y<A. it» pge ill. 
Bihiitkecm Htherimma^ Part ▼!, No. 1001, and part i, No. 84S. 
BiUiotkecm Brownisma^ page 1 3, No. 39. 
EastT, No. 5325. 
BtvNtT, Vol. II, col. 312. 

Rdna, Walckenaer, Potier and Hibbert Catalofuci (page 129, No 
2264 of the latter). 

130. JDEM OPUS^Pncisely like the sheve Ne. ia8, save the 
ceiefben, wbub is ms feiiews : 

Stampata in Venetia per Zuan^ Antonio 
de Nico-||lini da Sabio. Ad inflantia de 
M. Baptifla || de Pederzani Brixiano. An- 
no U. (BritUh Mttwum.) 

Dirtet rtfirtmct* t ( Bikihtkicm OrewviUisas^ page 1 66. 
\Lhfrtt QtriemXf No. 131. 

cible Charles, Emperor ever augvtt of the 
Romans, King of Spain, tec, ; containing 
many things, worthy of being known and 
admired, concerning the remarkable cities 
of those provinces, customs of the inhabit- 
ants, sacrifices of children, and religions 
persons, and especially of the celebrated 
city of Temixtitan, and Tarioos wonderful 
things in the same, which will delight the 
reader in a wonderful manner ; translated 
from the Spanish into Latin by Dr. Peter 
Savorgnano of Forli, Secretary to the 
Rev. Master John de Revellcs, Bishop of 
Vienna, March, 1524: Now, August 17th, 
ye most candid readers will peruse with the 

greatest delight and pleasure the aforesaid 
narrative of Fernando Cortes, translated 
^uthfiilly and with diligence firom the elo- 
quent Latin to the splendid vulgar tongue, 
by Master Thomas Liburnio, for the con- 
venience and satisfaction of honest and 
appreciative minds. With grace and pri- 

Printed at Venice by Bemardin de Viano 
de Lexona, of Vercelli ; at the request of 
Baptist de Pedertani of Brescia, August 
20th, A. D. 1 524. 

' Racflta^ Vol. in, pp. 225-304. 

* There were several de Sabiot who 
exercised the art of 'printing at Venice 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 243 

131. FRANCIS^Rect$ $f the first iesf: ^^ 5 24» 

AD R£ II uerendifs. D. archiepifcopum Panormitanum, || 
Francisjciy Monachi ordinis Fr^ifcaniy epiftola Jane qu& 
luculenta. In qua || PtolemMy caterorumq ; Jupe || riorU 
geographorum hal\\lucinatio re/ellitur. \\ aliaq ; pr^terea\\ 
de recens || inuen || tis || terriSy mari, injulis. Deditio papa 
loannis Dejitu || Paradifiiy 6? dimenfione miliarum ad pro || 
portioni graduum cali^ praclara || £sf memoratu digna recen || 
Jentur || 

C$lopboM : 

EXCVDEBAT MARTINVS CAE- || far, expenfis honcfti riri 
Roltndi Bollaerty com- 1| morantis Antuerpic iuxta portam Ca- 1| mer6 
fub interfignio maio- 1| ris falconis albi. ||* 

%* 1 2ino, title one leaf -{- fourteen unnumbered leaves ; on the 
verso of the last a printer's mark, with the motto : SOLA 
FIDES SVFFICIT. On the verso of the title-page, a 
mappemund, inscribed : Hoc orbis Hemisphsrium cedit regi 
Lusitani^. On the recto of the following leaf, another map- 
pemund or hemisphere, bearing this inscription : Hoc $rhis 
Hemispbitrium cedit regi Hisf anise, and the word AMERICA 
on the southern part of the continent. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

We have been wholly unable to find any biographical 
details concerning the author of this curious work. 

Stephanos, in partnership with his brothers, 
printed from 1504 to 1536. Peter de 
Nicolinis de Sabio, from 1526 to 1536, 
Sebastian in 1534, auid Nicolo di Nicolini 
in 1535 i bat we find no mention in Pan- 
sKt of a John or of an Anthony of that 
name. These researches were necessary 
to unravel the meaning of the mysterious 
D at the end of the colophon. 

* AHgliee : A very exquisite letter from 
Francis, a monk of the Franciscan order, 
CO the most Reverend Archbishop of Paler- 
mo, touching the site and description of 
the globe. Wherein the delusions of Ptol- 

emy and of other geographers are dispelled. 
Also, concerning the newly discovered 
lands, seas and islands. Dedicated to Pope 
John [?tl, touching the site of Para- 
* the 

disc and 

measurement of disunces 

t JoUtti de Medids, under the name of Clantnt 
VII, was pope from 15Z3 to 1^14, while hb two 
immediate predeccMon were Adrian VI and Leo X. 
The latter was named John (de Medids), but to 
consider him as the pope mentioned herein, would 
carry the date of the work to 1513, which b an 
impossibility, as it mentions Cortes and Magellan. 
Is it not rather*^ Presbyter John** whob intended, 
while dtdkmrt most be taken in the sense of an 
assertion f 

Digitized by 



BibBothica Americana. 

1524. The only notice we could discover is the following, 
«i.»i.9e which we copy from Valerius Andre, Andreas, Desse- 
lius or Taxander' : 

'< Franciscus Monachus, U familic nomine $t professione, Machli- 
niensis, ord. Minorum/' 

Fabricius, Saxius and Jocher mention several monks 
of the name of Franciscus belonging to the Franciscan 
order, but the references are not sufficiently definite to 
authorize us to ascribe the present work to any of them. 
Those of our readers who have access to J. F. of St. 
Anthony's Supplement to Wadding's Scriptores ordinis 
Minorum* may be more successful. The archbishop 
mentioned on the title-page was the well-known Jehan 
de Carondelet', born at Dole in 1469, the friend of 
Charles V and of Erasmus*, and who, after holding the 
high position of Primate of Sicily, died at Malines in 
1 544^ Laire considers* this Carondelet as the author^ 
while he was only the recipient of the epistle in its 
original form'. As to the work mentioned by this 
painstaking but unreliable^ bibliographer, it is only a 
later edition of the work before us, mentioned also by 
Valerius Andreas. 

The only reference approaching a description of the 

according to the proportion of the celestial 
degrees, remarkable and worthy of being 

Printed by Martin Lemperear, at the 
expense of the Honorable Roland BoUaert, 
residing at Antwerp, near the arched 
gate [n»*^ ^^^ ^%^ of the large white 

' Bikliotkeca Belgiea^ 4to, 1643, p. 234. 

* Bih/iotAeea umivirsa francUc, f Mad- 
rid, fol., 1732-33. 

' See the heading of the epistle on the 
recto of the first leaf. 

* Erasmus* edition of St. Hiliarios {Lw 
cukrationesi Basle, fbl., 1 513) is dedicated 
to Carondelet. 

* FopriNS, Bihl, Belgiem^ Vol. 11, p. 605. 

* *< Suivant le P. Laire, on a imprime a 
Anven en 1565, in-8°, un ouvrage de lui 
[Carondelet] intitule de trkit situ, Lc 
P. Laire assure avoir vu un exemplaire de 
cet ouvrage dans la Bibliotheque du Vati- 
can. Nous ne connaissons aucun autre 
bibliographe qui en fasse mention.** {Bio- 
grapkie Univerulle^ Vol. v 1 1, p. 3 1 . ) The 
edition mentioned by Laire is iimo, 
printed by Withagius, and numbers nine- 
teen leaves. There is a copy of it in a 
private library in Providence. See Bih- 
liotkua Browniana, p. 40, No. 145. 

^ See AuDippRBDi, Lettere tifpgraficAe ,* 
Rome, 8vo, 1778. 

' Bihlhtkica Qmssic* «. cataUgms •fei- 
Halt's; Francft., 4to, 161 1, p. 760. 

Digitized by 


BibBothica Americana, 


present number, is a short mention in Draudius', that 
** Catalogue assez mai digere des foires de Francfort," 
as Baillet' calls the Bibliotheca Classica. 


Direct rtftrtntt : BiUiotJUem Bmrlowismm^ ptge 10. 

132. jiRiAS (Pjfwii)— " Lettere di Pietro Arias 15^5* 
Capitano generate, della conquista del paefe del Mar 
Occeano Scripte alia Maefta Cefarea dalla Cipta di 
Panama delle cofe ultimamente fcopertc nel Mar Meri- 
diano dedo el Mar Sur. MDXXV. fig. e. b. au titre. 
T6mo. s. 1. 1525. (En vers.) 

** Entre autres il s'agit dans cette lettre du depart de 
Pizarro pour la decouverte du Perou en 1525." 

(Ather*f Catalogue, 1865.) 

Pedro Arias de Avila, usually called Pedrarias, was the 
energetic, yet pusillanimous and malignant governor of 
Darien, who founded Panama, first extended the Spanish 
rule over Nicaragua and Costa-Rica, put Balboa to 
death, and brought Pizarro into notice. The above 
poem or epistle refers, we imagine, to the filibustering 
expedition of Diego de Almagro, Hernando de Luque 
and Francisco Pizarro, which sailed from Panama in 
the middle of November' or on the 14th* of November, 
1524, or in 1525'. 

• Jugemens des Savans^ Vol. ii, p. 14. 

Valerius Andreas (/0c. eit.) ascribes to 
our Franciscus a work which we suppose, 
from the title, to have some bearing on 
the subject before us : 

" Reghnes quoque SeptemtrUnales in tahula 
eenspiciendas deJit. Antver. apud Syhtes- 
frum a Parisiis.** 

' HitRSRA, Decad. iii, Libr. vi, cap. 
XIII, p. 200. 

* XitBS, Conquista del Peru^ in Barcia's 
Historiadores primitivos^ Vol. in, p. 179. 

' CiE^A DB Leon, Primer a parte de la 
chronica del Peru; Seville, fol., 1553; 
Antwerp, 8vo, 1554. 

— Garcilasso db la Veoa, la His- 
toria general del Peru; L'isbon, 2 vols., 
fol., first vol., 1 609 (colophon dated 1 608) ; 
second vol., 1616 and 1617$ Madrid, 2 
vols., fol., 1722-23 (best edit.) 

Digitized by 


246 BibUotheca AmiruMa. 

1525* I 3 3» «/^* {LjiURSNT)'-Rict0 0/ tbi fir$t iisf: 

ctrt|e« tier Ctvt|t 9t«HM||2arit «•■ fele«««giiia 
fhier it %n ndt fcl|i«iik »• eii idlitf|| Still i»«1frr 
ttl etti gelegf if. £t« t(« it If itllit jcfitlf. || 

C$hph»n : 

•eirtA )fl Strtfitrg Itt || 30|ttte« •rietitgeri 
Mil II Mictid Iff ktfev Sir- 1| let frtnet tiett ler || 

geitrt. %m, 9tr H 1. 5. 2. 5. H* 

*^* Folio, title one leaf + thirty-three numbered leaves + two 
large maps, one of which gives Cadamosto's first voyage. 

(Private Librar., New York and Washington dty.) 

Sec the verso of the last leaf for the chapter : 

Si« Viieric* ei« tel)( %wnS^% ief d|riie«. 

We have mislaid our memorandum, and cannot state 
our authority for ascribing the above to the Lorenz 
Fries, whom we suppose to be the one described by 
Jocher' in these words : 

** Gebohren zu Mergentheim in Franken 1491, war wQrtzburgischer 
Rath und Archivarius, applicirte sich sonderlich auf die wQrtzbur- 
gischen Geschichte wurde seiner Geschicklichkeit und Wohlreden- 
heit halber in wichtigen Gesandtchafften an die Kayser Carl V und 
Ferdinand I gebraucht, war ein grosser Bef^rderer der Gelehrten.'* 

* Anglki t Explanation of the map of Printed at Strasburg by John Grieninger, 

the World, or Naval Chart, wherein one and finished on the evening of the birth of 

may tee where he is, and where several our Dear Virgin, in the year 1515. 
countries, seas and dries arc utuated. All ' Allgewuinet Gtkkrt, Lexic^ Vol. 11, 

of which will be found in this book. p. 765. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca AmirUana. 147 

134. PIGAFBTTA (F, A)-^Rect$ $f the first lesf: ^ 5 2 5« 

|> mxmt ti m- II Z^. — 

quUf llont ttottue auliiet bosageiHeis lElos0||)ri(elU0i 
)re lent gottttememmt r man-Hiete li uittteiabec 
plttHetttis aulttes II cf^ofes. || 

« Ctitit l^rttttkgtn II 

([ <!^n lei9 benti a ^ariis en U matfon )ie|li&iinoii 
lie OtoUneisiUlitatoe iuulie Ittllniuetnte lie ^airtoi 
tiemottirat en la mte Hi&ainet jel)an Tie Beattlttato i 
a (enfei- 1| sne )iu i^oleil Boe. || 

Recti $f Itdf z : 

€ Ee bosage r nauigation mx teles lie || jnols 
IttcqueiHefcttt r falet lie noble || tiomme Antlioine 
$igap!)etta bins || c^ini iSi^ettaUet lie Vi^nntu i yee^ 
ivMtt a 9l)Uim)e lie billieeis llHe abam || grant 
maUtte be itliobeis. eommfce II lebiet bosage Ian 
mil einq cens bijc- 1| neuf i et be eetoue ^il. ceeee.jcxii. 
le y tustieme iour be i&eptembre. U 

End »f the text: 

LSnbemain i Antlioine yigaptietta jj alia a balboli i 
ott eftoit Upetenr II Ottaeleis. IBt ne lug ptes 
fenta oei argentine II eI)ofe peeciettXe tiigne bung ft 
gtanb fei- II gneur i maiis nng linee efecipt belamain 1 1| 
on eltaient lee cf^ofeis paffeeisibe lour ennione be 
lent bosage. IBt be la le partit allaller en ^or? 
tttgol an eos Joamet Ins bUtyies f^tAz% que 

Digitized by 


2^9 Biblhtheca Ammama. 

1525. auofent beuitat Hess i&fpafllsnolf que Heis Henss. 
yitte pat iBfpaijrne II blent en Stance let ptefenta 
et feift attcun n lion liess cf^ofeis lie lantte l^emfis:: 
pt)eie a laij mete lin Cteis cijteftien tog lie ^tftce 
ndme || ^tancofis 1 maliame la tegente. ^ntss bint || 
en EftaUeir ptefenta le Unte He fa fatigue || a ¥1)UU 
{ppeis He bilUetfis 1 gtanH Jtllaiftte He II %l!ioHeis. 11 

C Otg finft lexttaft HuHiet linteiH ttanflate He 
Jtalien en II ^taneoiis. II 

*^* Small 8vo, sine aftn$ (but not much earlier than 1525, as Piga- 
fetta was not made a knight of Rhodes until October, 1524) ; 
seventy-six numbered leaves, -{- four unnumbered leaves con- 
taining, besides the table of contents, short vocabularies of 
the language of the ** isle de Bresil^ More de Tadore^* and of 
the giants of Paugonia. Text in black letter, marginal notes 
and last four leaves in Roman characters. 

(PriTtte Library, Providence) 

Francisco- Antonio, or Jerome' Pigafetta, or Paga- 
pheta, an Italian nobleman, who was born at Vicenza 
towards the year i49i\ He belonged to the suite of 
the embassador (Francesco Chiericato), whom Leo X 
sent in 1510 to Charles V, then at Barcelona. He soon 
afterwards became the companion and friend of Magel- 
lan, whom he accompanied m his famous-voyage around 
the world on board the Victoria, He was one of the 
sixteen who survived* the hardships of the voyage. 
(See supra^ page 228.) He died at Vicenza towards the 
year 1 534, in a house which was still standing in 1 800, 
^^ Rue de la Lune'^y' and which bore the well-known 

motto : IL NEST . ROSE . SANS . ESPINE. 

' p. JoTiuty HtMt^ria sui temporh {ak * See bit own dedication to Villien de 

MM 1494 sd amn, 1547)} Florence, % Title- Adam, in Amoaxtti*! edition, 
volt., fbl.» 1 550-51 } lib. xxxiT. * PxTSt MAtTva, Opmt epiu.^ epitt. 767 

* MAtsAii, Stwim di Vutmua ; Venice, and 770. 
4to, 1591 ; m/r smnOf 14S0 (cited by * AMORB-rrrt valuable introdoctioa to 

AMOtkTTi, introd., p. xxxi). the FreatA trantlationy p. xxxt, mpte. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 249 

The bibliographical history of his account of that 1525. 
memorable undertaking seems to be as follows : a-BBsga 

Whilst at sea, Pigafetta kept a diary, a copy of which 
he afterwards presented to Charles V, of Spam, at Val- 
ladolid. On his return to Italy, by means of the 
original of that Journal, and other notes, and at the 
recjuest of Pope Clement VIP, and of the Great-Master 
Villiers de Tlsle Adam, Pigafetta wrote a fuller account 
of the expedition. Of this he made a few copies, which 
were presented to several high personages, one of whom 
was Louise de Savoy, mother to Francis I of France. 
Louise not being able to understand, we imagine, the 
kind of patois used by Pigafetta, and which resembles 
a mixture of Italian or Venitian and Spanish, requested 
one Jacques Antoine Fabre^ to translate the work into 
French. Instead of giving a literal version, Fabre only 
published a kind of abridgment, which is the above 
No. 134. It should be stated, however, that some critics^ 
believe that the work was originally written in French : 
an opinion which seems to be based upon two manu- 
scripts, which are still in existence (perhaps the same 
described twice). Both are on vellum, illuminated, and 
in the French language. 

The first is mentioned in the La Valliere Catalogue' 
as follows : 

" Navigation 6f discourement de la Indie fuperieure^ 
faicte par moi Anthoine Pigaphete Vincentin^ Chevalier de 
Rhodes [contains also the treatise on the Sphere]. Folio y 
\o^ feuilletsy 

The other manuscript was sold at one of the Libri 
sales, and is described^ in these words : 

" PIGAPHETE {Anthoine) . Navigation et descouure- 

* Dv VuDJBt, BiklitJkifmes frmn^^iuty that the original account, *< a ▼ariot Prin- 
p. 133, erroneously sayi: "par translateur cipes/* was << en Italiano, Espafiol y 
incertain.** Portuguese.** — Biklhtecm AmericsMM^ MS., 

* Thomassy, in the Paris Bulletin ii Vol. il, p. 669. 

la Seciete de Geograpkie for September, * Part I, Vol. Ill, No. 4537. 
1843. Alcxdo, on the other hand, sUtes * Catalogue, for 186a, No. is 39. 


Digitized by 


250 BiiSotheca AmtrUana. 

1525* M^^ ^^ l^ I^^ superieure et ties Mabuque {sic) ou nass" 

^^m^mm sent les cloux de Girqfle, faicte par Anthoine Pigapheie 

Vincentin chevallier de. Rhodes. Commenceaut en Fan Mil 

^« et fjlfj {1519). Manuscrit du XVP siicle sur vilin, 

petit in-folioy 

This description is followed by an interesting note, 
from which we copy the following : 

** Le manuscrit que nous d^crivons ici futiint atti reUtUm figu 
mmU fu*$M mpfosMit perdue, £11 e est en fran^tis, car Pigafetta arait dd 
employer cetre langue en s''adressant au grand-maitre de Rhodes, qui 
6uit fran9ais« On lit en effist, au bu du titre cette adresse, ' An- 
thoyne Pigapkete Patricie Vincentin et Chevallier de Rhodes, I 
nilustrissime et tres-excellent Seigneur Philippe de Villers L'lleadim, 
indite grand-maistre de Rhodes, son seigneur osseruatissime.' 

** Cette adresse, rcmplie d'italianismes, ainsi que tout le rette de 
I'ouvrage, offre une preuve de plus de I'originalite de cette redaction 
^crite en fran^ais par un iulien. 

'* En comparant ce manuscrit avec la relation pnbliee par Amoretti, 
on s'aperfoit que cette relation n*est qu'un extrait et une paraphrase, 
souvent fort defiguree, du texte fran9ais. Les deux relations se suivent 
de pres, mais dans notre manuscrit il y a plus de choses. Biles sont 
mieux dites et les noms sont ecrits bien plus exactement que dans la 
relation publiee par Amoretti. Ccla est surtout frappant dans les 
vcMhuUires des Ungues de TOc^anie, etc., que donne Pigafetta et 
que PahrivUteur iulien a souvent bouleversiEs/' 

Be that as it may, Fabre's abridgment was translated 
into Italian by some unknown translator, and published 
probably at Venice in 1534 (infra) ^ and republished in 
1536 {infra). Ramusio's version''' is only a plagiarism 
from the latter, and not a direct translation from Fabre. 

As Fabre's garbled version is scarcely intelligible, and 
was the only account known during the last two cen- 
turies, we easily understand the innuendoes lavished by 
Ramusio'**, Tiraboschi" and De Pauw'*, who do not 
spare their epithets when speaking of Pigafetta*s Viaggio. 

** Ratepltm^ Vol. I, p. 346, sf . >* RecAerckes mr its Amirieshu^ Vot t, 

'* Sfris d, Lett. JUiistu^ V. vn, p. %6o. p. 289. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana, 


Judging from certain manuscript notes, preserved in the 
Ste. Genevieve Library, their opinion is not without a 

A very early transcript made, as is supposed, from 
one of Pigafetta's original copies, if not from an Italian 
translation of the latter, was discovered in the Ambro- 
sian Library at the beginning of the present century by 
one of the librarians, the learned Carlo Amoretti, who 
put the text into good Italian, published it in i8oo'% 
and soon afterwards in French'^ Pinkerton'* gave an 
English, and Sprengel'^ and Kries*" German versions 
of Amoretti's original publication. 

The Novus Orbis of 1555'', and Eden", give only a 
version of the present No. 134. 


Dirt€t refemees : ( Antokio, Btbihtkeca Hit fan. Nova, Vol. ii, page 376. 
i MAiTTAitc, Annales Tjf^ogr., Vol. ii, page 773, w/r. 
I pAKXBt, jltinalet Typogr.^ Vol. viii, page 217. 
Mbusbl, Bihl'ntheca Histories, Vol. in, Pt. ri, page 114. 
Dks Bkossbs, Navigations aux term Australes^ Vol. I, page 1 21. 
Bihliotkeca Bro^vniana, page 14, No. 45. 
EBEtTi No. 1 68 1 4. 
Tbrnaux, No. 31. 
Brunkt, Vol. IV, col. 650. 
GtABtti, Vol. V, page 289. 

19 ^*L*nn aesMtrDDomct lea plus Mrantsdudix* 
baitiirae siicle crnt devoir tottinettre le r^dt da 
voyageur italien k uu exunen miimtiettx, ef U 
prouve, dans dc« obsenniioot demeur^rt manu- 
•elites, que PigafetU coiifondit an relbor, de la 
ta^on la plus Grange, plosicars positions de terres, 
Mjotird^hal bieo counues. V07. Rtchtnhtt gitg- 
rmfhlfutt sor I'itat et la position des lieux ou I'on 
poorra observer le passage de V^nus avec plus 
d*avantage, p. }oi parmi Ics MSS. de la Biblioth. 
Ste. Genevieve.'* Dk.^ip, art. MmgtIUjiy Niiv, 
Bitgr. ginirmlty VoL xzxii, p. 680, note^ 

'* Frimo Fiaggio intorno ml Giobo Ttr* 
racfnn ossia raggmag/i§ deHa Navigauiom 
milt Indie Orientali fer la via d'Occidente 
fatta dal Cavaliere Antonio Pigafetta Pa- 
eriuio Vicentino^ Snlla Sfuadra del Capit. 
Aiagaglianes negli anni 1519-1522 Ora 
pukblicato per la prima volta. tratto da un 
Codiee MS, della Bibiioteca jlmbrosiana di 
Milano e eorredato di note Da Carlo Amo- 
retti Dottore del Collegio Ambrosiano, Con 
un Trantunto del Trattato di Naviganione 
dello ttesso Amore, 

^ In Milano MDCCC. 

*#* Large 410, pp. 2375 four maps 
(there are twenty-one in the original j tee 
Amoretti*s Introduction, p. XLlll). 

" Paris, 8vo, Tan IX [of the French 
Republic, /. <., 1801]. 

'• Collection of Foyages^ London, 4to, 
18 1 9, Vol. I, pp. 188-381. 

" Beytragen, Vol. iv, pp. I-155. (We 
are unable to ttate whether it ii in the fint 
series, published in conjunction with J. R. 
FoRSTKR, his father-in law, Leipxig, 14 
vols., 8vo, 1781-90, or in the second 
series, published by Sprengxl alone, Halle, 
13 vols., 8vo, 1790--94.) 

'■ Besckreiburg der von Magellan ttntet' 
nommenen ersten Reise um die IVelt f Gotha, 
8vo, 1 801, 3 maps. 

'• Pages 524-538. 

** History of Travayle f London, 4to, 
1577, fol. 430. 

Digitized by 


252 BibRotheea jimericoHa. 

1525* 135* CORTBS (rBKNANDOy-fFitbin a btrdtr, »ni under tbt 

■B^BH^ ituHt-btaiei ttiglt c«tt-»f-arms : 

Ea qttarta relation $ ^etnAlio cotrteis gouetll 
nalior 5 (opitan general jior fu mmUati enlall 
nueua IBfpafta 191 mar oceano emtio al mug || alto 
r mits iiotentifflmo inulctifflmo Mor lltron Carlos 
emperatror temper augufto s II res litlESpaM nueftro 
Mor: enla qual eftanjlotrais cartais oreladoneis 
que IO0 capitaneisll^eliro lie oluaralio r Blego 
gotros emtlall ron al )iid)o eapUan ;f emarHo [sic] 
tovun, II 

C»l0pb»B : 

^ut imprettisa la prefente earta lie reladonlj 
enla gntperial eittlia)i lie STolelio por <!la]spar tit 
auUa.l|Slcaboi8e a besntetiiais )iel mes )ie<2^ctubre.|| 
ISLHo )iel nafrimlento lie nueftro falua-por Jefn 
ef)rifto He mil r quinien II tois 7 be^nte s eineo || 
alios*.:. II « II 

%* Folio, twenty-one unnumbered leares, including the title, 
on the verso of which the text begins. Signatures a in six, b 
and c in eights, including the blank at the end. 
^J^^ (PriTSte Libnu*., New York and ProTidence.) 

This first edition of the Fourth Narration relates from 
May 15th, 1522, to October 15th, 1524. The last 
sixteen pages contain Alvarado*s and Godoy's reports 
to Cortes. 

Direct re/trtmett C pAMfBR, AnnMltt T^pogr,^ Vol. x, page a8, No. 6. b. 
•I Biklhtkeca Hthtrimma^ Part vii, No. 1884. 
I BibiUtkeea Gremvillimna^ page 166. 
Biblhtkeca Browuhna^ page 14, No. 44. 
Stevtrnt" Amtric^m Bihli^grtfktr^ page 85. 
TiaifAUX, No. 34. 
BtVNBT, Vol. II, col. 311. 

* AniUck : The ibarth relation which General for Hit Majesty in New Spain of 
Fernando Cortes, OoTemor and Captain- the Oceanic Sea, sent to the very high 

Digitized by 


Biblhtheca Americana. 253 

136. "cLAVDii PTOLBMAEi Gcographicac ennara- 1 525. 
tionis Libri ofto Bilibaldo Pirckeymero inteiprete. 
Annotationes Joannis de Regiomonte in errores com- 
miflbs a Jacobo Angelo in tranflatione fua. In fine: 
Argentoragi {sic) Johannes Grieningerus, communibus Jo- 
hannis Koberger impenfis excudebat Anno a Chrifti Nativi- 
tate. M.DXXV. Tertio KaP Apriles. fol.'" (8a gez. u. 
14 ungez. Bli. m. 50 Tabulae geographicae in Hoizchn.*) 
" Containing a map of part of America, dated 1 522'." 

137. y^RTHBMA-DIAS— Above 4 Urgi vignttu : 

nello IBgstto, nella i^u || tia, neUa Etabia tiefma, " 
7 ^%\\tt, neUa H^vtM r HneUa JnHia, r neUa ISttss 
oi){a. Ea telle, el biuete, r coftumi Uelle ytefate 
^tottintie. € IBt al ptefente || agUintotti alnine 
Jfole nouamente irittouate. 

€ ImprefTo in Venetia Nellano della 
In II carnatione del noftro Signore lefu || 
Chrifto del. M.D.XXVI. Adi. XVI. Aprile. 
Regnando Lo Inclito || Principe An/drea 
Grid II ^. 

%* Sm. 8vo; title one leaf (printed in red and black) -{- one hun- 
dred and one unnumbered leaves, including the index. 

(Private Librar., New York and Brooklyn.) 

and mighty King of Spain our Lord \ * PANxit, Amn*Ut Typogr,^ Vol. vi, p. 

in which are other lettert and relations 107, No. 698. 

which Captains Peter de Alvarado and * Hoftmann, LejrrVM, Vol. in, p. 319. 

Richard Godoy sent to the said Cap- ' Aspinwall Catalogue, No. 6. (Three 

tain Fernando Cortes. The present Epis- thousand out of three thousand five hun- 

tolary Relation was printed in the Im- dred volumes, which composed this collec- 

penal City of Toledo by Caspar de Avila. tion, were destroyed by fire in New York, 

Finished October aoth, A. D. 1515. Sept. 18th, 1864.) 


Digitized by 


254 Bibliotheca AmiruoM. 

1526. 138. CORTSS (FRRNANDO)-^ Within M UMrr$w h$rJir, und i#- 

mmmmKOB^ l^n ^ isrge escutcbe$n •/ Sfitim^ filling 9Mi bsff^ $f the psge : 

Ea quarta telotU qtu ^emlUiii cotteis go n nec^ 
naliot s capita general pot fumageftaHllenla nimui 
lEfpaffa Helmat oceano Mifo al||m«s alto 7 in«s 
potentffflmo inuicttfflmo || feftot Hon atatlo0 trn^ 
pecaHot itw^tx agufto s ^^ 9fpaffa||nto feftot, 
enla qnal eftan ottast eattast s telaeionest qve-ll 
100 capftaneis ^elito )ie alnataifo e Blego goHog 
emtia il ton al liicf)o eapitan ^emat)io eottea. II 

C$lfh$n : 

^ue imptenffa la ptefente cattaHetelllaeifl Helas 
JnHiais : enla metropolitana || tbiUtCH He Iftalendo 
pot <Beotilge eoftUla fleatoste xitJIHias 91 mtn 
He Ju II Ifo afto He || mil* H*xxbf * |{| aflos^t 

*^* Folio, twenty-six unnumbered letres, including the title, 
on the verso of which the text begins; double columns; 
b in eights. 

(ProTidcact PriTtCt Library. Only copy kaowa.) 

Second edition of D (No. 135). 

Dirtrt nfireiuet t f BiUitkttM Br9wmimmm^ page 14, No. 47. 
i Sttvtut* AmerksM BiUitgrgfAtr, page 15. 
( BiVNET, Vol. u, col. 311. 

« We find in GtAms (Vol. iii, p. 93) 1518 {hjrs) <« £i^ ii,** whUe the AtJkemm 

OB the authority of one pf the Botxh caa- Msaric^e (p. 251 ) sayt of a Fraacklbct odi- 

lognei, " Glareanot, Hen. Loritut — ^De tion of 1533 ''ab ipao aoctore nrrfi* lecof- 

geographia liber 1. Basil. 1516. in 4^.** nitus.** 

This edition of 1 516 is not mentioned in f Aiiglki : The present Epinolaiy Re> 

any other work, nor have we yet socceoded lation abont the Indies was printed in 

in finding it in any collection. The edition the metropolitan city of Valencia by 

of 1527 {in/rs) b considered the first; George Coatilla, and finished July isth, 

ICloss calls (Citaloguc No. 1727) that of 1516. The rest as in D. 

Digitized by 


BibB^thi€B Ameruana. 255 

^39* oriBDO {O. F. DEh-UMiier the ImpirUl c$MU$f'Mrm IC26* 
with thi ituhli'hiadii eagU, and witbm a h9rdir : mmBBBOBm 

OlHitba iie ia natttral 1)9 
0t0nn W 1(10 J|nMa0. 
« dni prtniitaw W la 
^. C C |«. 

/Vr// f«r# /»// 0/tke virs$ $ftbe titli-fagt: 

SCftmatfo Hela natttcal 5 general || tftotia lielais 
S(n)iia0. que efcdufo <B(i^alo ;f enOiliet He 
<2^u(e|| .... 


€Sl (Ifente ttataHo inlltftttlaifii ®u(eHo He la 
nottttal jbsftotia || 9 las inHiais fe imptimio a coftais 
Hel aulltot Ota^alo ^etnflliet He <SttieHo alst Hell 
BalHeis* ¥ot inHufttia He maeftte %le||ind He 
petrais : 7 fe aeato en la dtnaH He || ColeHo a. xb. 
Hiais Hel me0 He melitero* ||He* fi*9*xxbf« affois* 

^*4, Folio, fiftv-two numbered leares -|- two unnumbered leaves 
for part of the index ; ii'^t woodcuu. 

(Private Libnr^ New York« Providence, Washington, and 
Hanrard CoU. Libr.) 

Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdes was born 
at Madrid, probably in Aueust, 1478', of an aristocratic 
family, and at the age of mirteen received the appoint- 

* The words which we here underscore the original MS. of Oviedo*8 Batmiias y 
** aun^ue he setenta annot/in 1 548 J, t lot Slminqu^enrntf preserved in the Libr. of the 
twm^i em el wut Jt 4^«<i», are efibced in Real Acad, de la Historia, in Madrid, 

Digitized by 



Biblioiheca Americana. 

1526. ment of mozo de camara* (a kind of page), to Prince 
T^^"' He soon afterwards witnessed at Granada, as 
one of the Court, the reception extended to Columbus 
by Ferdinand and Isabella on his return in 1493 from 
the newly rediscovered worlds After taking a part in 
the Italian campaigns', he married, in 1502, Margarita 
de Vergara, " una de las mas hermosas mugeres que ovo 
en su tiempo en el reino de Toledo^" 

In 1 512 he was deputed to act as secretary to Gon- 
zalvo de Cordova ; but he soon afterwards determined 
to repair to the Indies, for the purpose of retrieving his 
fortune^ or for a very different reason, if we are to 
believe the statement made by the unreliable De Pauw^ 
on the authority of the trustworthy Fallopius. He 
joined the expedition of Pedrarias Davila, not in the 
capacity of **Inspecteur general du Commerce*," or of 
" Directeur des mines de Saint-Domingue'," but as a 
supervisor of gold-smel tings'**; and sailed to the new 
World for the first time, from San Lucar de B., April 
nth, 1 5 14". He filled abroad several high positions^ 
such as Governor of the Province of Carthagena, and 
First Alderman {Adelante Regidor) of Darien, in con- 
junction, as it seems, with his office of supervisor {Vee- 
dor)y which he resigned only in 1532", when he was 
appointed Chief Chronicler of the Indies {Cronista gen- 
eral de Tndias). Oviedo resided on this continent up- 
wards of thirty-four years^ and crossed the Atlantic 
not less than twelve times, chiefly on missions to lay 
the grievances of the colonies, or his own, before the 
Spanish Court. He returned to Spain for the last 

' De Fmankenau, BiSL Hispmn.^ p. 174. 
' Babma, HiJ9t de Madrid i Madrid, 4 
vols., 4to, 1789-91, Vol. II, p. 354. 

* Oviedo, Historim Otm. y Nat. de In- 
diaSf lib. n,cap. Til, p. 19 (Madrid reprint). 

* SljtinquagenaSt in db Lot Riot* intro» 
duction p. XX, note. 

* '* ^noeo de reponer su malparada ha- 
cienda,** OB UM Riot, /or. cit. 

* Reck, tur Us AmerUaims^ Vol. i, p. aa, 

* MuKERi, Vol. Ti, p. 97 of letter O. 

* Teenaux, BikihtAifu* jSmirkaime^ 
No. 35- 

•• " Veedor de lat Fundadonet de Oro.** 
Oviedo, loc. cit., Vol. iii, p. 4. 

'* De Lot Riot, /or. cit^ p. xxii. 

'* Letter of Oviedo, afi$J ob Lot Rjob, 
/or. cit., p. LTI^ note. 

Digitized by 


Bihliothica Americana. 257 

time in June, 1556, and died in the summer of 1CC7, IC26. 
at Valladolid. ^ 

Navarrete*', Prescotf* and Mr. Ticknor" have given 
an estimate of Oviedo's works and character. The fol- 
lowing, from Las Casas, is not without originality : 
^^ Puesto que a la historia de Oviedo Uevana en la 
frente escrito como su autor habia sido conquistador, 
robador y matador de los Indios, y haber echado en las 
minas gentes dellos, en las cuales perecieron ; y enemigo 
cruel dellos como se dira y el mismo la confiera, al me- 
nos entre los prudentes y cristianos enervos poco credito 
y auctoridad en historia tuviera'^.'* 

Oviedo was a prolific writer, but the first of his works 
which interests us is the present No. 139. It is not 
a '^Summary of the Spanish Conquests in the New 
World"," or the first edition of the Historia General y 
Natural de las IndiaSy published in 1535 (see infra) ^ but 
a totally different work, which may have served as a 
model for the useful compilations of Acosta, Nierem- 
berg and Francisco Hernandez. We have the original 
edition before us, but beg leave to insert the following 
analysis, which we copy from the extremely valuable 
introduction added by Seflor D. J. Amador de los 
Rios to the late reprint of Oviedo*s chief work'^: 

'* Este repertorio, dirigido principalmente k dar i conocer al £m- 
perador las cosas de Amirica, se halla distribuido en ochenu y seis 
capitulosy en los cuales, despues de tratar de la navegacion de Espafta 
i las Antillas y de los naturales de estas islas, asi como de sus cos- 
cumbres y manjares, pasa Oyiedo i describir los indios de la Tierra- 
Firme, bosquejando tambien sus ritos, costumbres y ceremonias, v 
exponiendo las peregrinas noticias que habia recogido sobre los ani- 

" C»lttehm^ Vol i, introd. p. lzxti. Indians, whole populationt of whom he 

'* Hist. •/ Ftrdinmmd smd L^Ua^ Vol. condgned to the mmet, where they per- 

I, p. no. ithed,** ftc. 

>' Hist, •f S^aitJk Littrstmrg^ Vol. ii, — Gea. Hist, is imt TuMm^ MS. cap. 

p. 34. XXI". 

It M Oviedo should have written at the *^ HisfrU Gtutral y Nmtmral is Ims 

head of his history : This book was written Indios, Puhlieal* I* RtsJ Aesdtmis dt 

hy a conqocror, robber and aiurdercr of the Is Hitfria, eoujtds c9m tt eSdict •riginsif 


Digitized by 


a$S BibRotheca Americana. 

I C20« males, ayes i iniectos, irboles, plantu 7 yerbu de tan dittantet 
regiones. Terminada esta parte, que tanto interes ofrecia entoncet i 
las ciencias zool6gica 7 botiinica, menciona Oviedo las minu de oro 
de la Tierra»Pirine, 7 mostrindose entendido en el laboreo de ellas, 
pondera sus riquezas, describiendo, por ultimo, la pesqueria no menos 
envidiable de las perlas, que tanto abundaban en aquellos mares. E! 
SumsrU ii U NsturMl HuUris acaba mostrando el camino de la mar 
del Sur, 7 descubriendo al C6sar la facilidad de acudir por el estrecho 
de Magallanes al comercio 7 contraudon de lu Malucas/' 

This work has been republished by Barcia*** Ramu- 
sio gave an Italian version'^ and there is a kind of Sum- 
mary in Purchas**. We have been unable to find the 
translation into Latin by Chauveton, mentioned by 
SeAor de los Rios. We think it erroneous, and prob- 
ably a misapprehension of the Latin Benzoni. The 
" editio princeps" discovered in the Leipsic University, 
and mentioned by Humboldt*^ is only the edition of 
1547 (see/»/rj). 

The copy before us, like all those of Oviedo's works 
printed in his lifetime, which we have seen, bears on the 
title-page the autograph of the author. 

Historians are apt to overlook incidents, which, 
although unnecessary to enable the reader to obtain a 
full view of the field which they intend to depict, acauire 
nevertheless a certain importance when we wisn to 
obtain an insight into motives and personal characteris- 
tics. This is the reason why correspondances, private 
memoirs, diaries, are so eagerlv sought by those who 
are anxious to know men as well as events. There are 
two precious collections of the kind, composed by 
Qviedo, but which never were printed. The first is : 

Bat alias y ^inquagenas^ escriptas por el capstan Gon^alo 
Fernandez de Oviedo^ criado del prinfipe don JoAan, hijo 
de los Reyes CathSlicos, y coronista mayor de las Indsas, del 
Emperador Cirlos V (1550)"- 

Ua4ri4, 4 vols., fel., \%i\'^^, Pag« ** Pi^riwm, Pirt n. Lib. T, p. 970, jy. 

XXXTiii (/. ij LZXXTII1.) ** Exsmtm CHtipu, Vol. in, p. 083, 

** Histwismrts frimithft^ Vol. I9 70 pp. mUt, 

'* Rsenltm, Vol. Ill, Ibl. 44^4. ** Db Lot Riot, he, dt.^ p. xoui. 

Digitized by 


BURotheca AmericoHa. 159 

It is a work which purports to transmit to posterity 1526* 
the heroic deeds of his contemporaries. 
The other bears the following title : 

Las ^mnquagenas ie los generosos i illustres i no menos 
f$mosos reyes^ prinfipes, duques, marquesesy condes i cabal-- 
leros i personas notables de EspaHa : que escribi6 el capitan 
Fernandez de Oviedoy Valdis^ Alcayde de Sus Magestades 
de la fort ale fa de la cibdad i puerto de Sancto Domingo de 
la Isla EspaHola^ coronista de las Indias, islas i Tierra- 
Firme del Mar Ofiano, vefino i regidor desta cibdad^ i 
natural de la muy noble i leal villa de Madrid. Fui esta 
obra desde las Jndias enviada i present ada al Serenissimo 
Principe D. Felipe, nuestro SeHor*^ {}SSS^^SS^\ 

This aims at ** memorar los famosos varones de nues- 
tra Espafla, tanto en armas como en letras y virtudes." 

We know these two works solely from tne excellent 
analysis given by Clemencin*^, ana which is the fullest, 
if not the only reliable one. We trust that the Real 
Academia de la Historia, which has already done so 
much for Oviedo, will yet publish these interesting dia- 

Dirtet rtfirttut f Lion PnfXLo, SpHtme, page 117. 

i Mbuul, Bihlitket* Hitfrics, Vol. x, Ptrt n, ptge 316. 
I Pamser, AHmsiit Tjptgr,^ YoL X, ptge 29, No. 76. 
RiCMy No. 6. 
TxRNAOXf No. 35. 
EsxtT, No. 15603. 
Bbvhit, Vol. jTy coL 199. 
Rctsel Catalogue, No. 916 
Buttch Catalogue, page 26, No. 394. 
BiUi0tke€M BfwaisMM^ page 14, No. 46. 

** TuNAUx, introd. to Ovibdo*s Hit" 
ttirt dm Nicsr^ns, in Recmeit^ 1840. 

*« Mem, if Is Jtesd, ir HitfriM^ Mad- 
rid. Vol. Ti, lUtttt. 10. 

There mutt be a copy of the MS. 
tluin^msgtMMt in Botton, as Mr. Tlcknor 
acknowledges his obligation to Prescott 

fat the loan of itj but when last in Bos- 
ton we vainlx endeavored to find the MS., 
either In that city or in the Harvard Coll. 
Libr., to which Prescott be<)oeathed the 
works which he consulted for hb Uitftj •/ 
Ferdimsmd smd IssMU, See a curious note 
in Ox LOS Rios* introductioB, p. xoiT. 

Digitized by 


aSo BiiB$thecs jtmericana. 

1527. 140. LABALLE{jiNT.DK)^^Lti ^dXfCHt ^011 || «d^ 

lemft Jnqivittieela ij^wAn Iraqnelle faftllmentioii 
He tott0 Iw pass mi tnonHe i rt Hii pass He U la telle 
niiUle« Sliiec la finttu pour allet aninont II He la 
Hfete ntille* St attffl la figuu He la met r He || la 
tetreiattec plttfleuvs teller vemonftrancetf* 

St fe benHent a iPatto par ^Uippe le ^it H 
Vitlixwt ittve en IttnlbetHte He^pavteiHemottvantien 
la gtat ttte 3atoct Jaaptes a Iffeigne He la lEUte H 
filancf^e cottvonnee. 

(«' a la fin do 60* f. : Cyjmist a fnsiut Bun nfuuilUmint jmfrimg 
in U Km SsiMct Ucquis, s InuiigMi di U Rfsi hUnthi €$Mr$MMU etfnt 
Mthiu U xvj i§Mr ii msrs mil cmq antz xxvij.** — Brunit.) 

*^* 4to, Goth. I 2 colonnei fig. en bob [ ** pet. in-fol. goth. de 
Iz fir. chiflfr. et 2 ff., pour la table des chapitres et la marqoe 
de Pimprimeur, titre roage et noir. On trouye dant Tint^- 
rieor (ff. 1 5 et 27) 00 I la fin, denz cartes gray^et en bob, et 
pli6et, Pune da mont de la Sibylle et Taatre repr^tentant Im 
mappemonde.'' — Brunet'.] 

(St*. Ocaerieirc Ubr., Parii'.) 

** La Salade est an oarrage des plas carieaz en d^ors de la partie 
g6>graphlqae, mais le chapitre consacr6 I la G^^graphie est bien sar- 

f Tenant en lai-m8me ; il signale I deaz reprises diverses le GfinUni. 
1 7 a mieaz, lorsque il 6ublii certaines g6n6ralit^ sur ces terres da 
Nord, il semble ^u'on bruit rague lui apporte certaines ^ures ftisant 
pressentir la demi-civilisation des terres am^ricaines.'' 

(M. FBtoniAifD Damt.) 

The chapter alluded to by M • Denis, contains (verso 
of leaf xxviii), the following passage : 

^o¥teeg!)e eft une gtaiiHe region affife Heffonfitf 
He pol Slntatctii)tte« Stulatntf aftrologuetf wx bme 

* There it en edicioiiy whb priTUege BBVHrr, Vol. iii, coL 154, aii4 Solar 
dated 1511 (/. #. 1521 new style). See Catalogue, p. 404, No. H73* 

Digitized by 


BiUhtfuea jimemana, 261 

IHKtie Ik cefte Hf gion mtfe lora lies cUntatf ocauff 1 5 27. 
«» tte» ai«eji rt lungties ttotDwus quC s font.— — 
IBn UtUt lElegion font litottffis mns. Ea eft la 
mn (ongeUee i|tte on )i{tt JHIarf congenatum. Jl s a 
une {fie nontmee fflantiou font less pass nommes 
<Stonnellont et unimatd) [?] <ni a gtaitt qnantite 
He ouris qui flit tons tlais. 

Antoine de La Sale, one of the wittiest of French 
writers, lived between the years 1398 and 1461. The 
present work, which was composed for his pupil John 
of Anjou, Duke of Calabria, seems to have been written 
between 1438 and 1447', and places its ^cetious author 
side by side with Adam of Bremen*, Ordericus Vitallis^ 
Torfi*, Rafn' and Karl Wilhelm'. 


Dirtct rtjtrtneui ( La Valliere Catalogve, No. 4573. 
' BniniBTy Vol. in. col. 153. 
OiABttiyVol. iVy ptfe III. 

141. FRiBS {LAURENTy^^^ Underweifung vnd vffle- 
gunge der Cartha Marina oder die mercarten darin 
man fehen mag, wa einer in d welt fey, und wa ein 
ytlich Land, Waflfer und Stet ligen, Straflb. Grieninger 
(1527. in-fol. Av. fig. en bois)/* 


' AoBiTy BmiUtiu dm Bnifuiaistt, for fum^ wt psrtit jtmeriat Sefieatri»9slit f 

Jan. 1859, p. 5. Copenhagen, tvo, 1705. 

* Historic icclitidaitit eeclet, Hsmhmrg, * AmiifvitMes Amiricsage sin* uriffrtt 
€i Bremenm^ vieiaonafpu locor, upttat,^ tepuatrioaslis rtrum Mate-C^ambimmsram 
mh aaat 788, md 1076, Uh, iTj Copen- iaAauriesf Copenhagen, 4tO| 1S37. 
hagen, 4tO| 1579$ Leyden, 4(0, 1595, * Islsad^ HvitrsaMaaslsai^ Oriaisad 
Helmttaedty 4(0, 1670. mad Vialaad •der der Nenaimaer Lekea 

* Histerigt eee/esiattiat libri tredeeimf maf Itlaad aad derea Fakrtea aaek Aaurik^ 
Paris, 5 Tols., 8vo, 1840-45. tekea &her 500 J, vr Colamhas; Hddel- 

* Greealaadis Amtiqaa 4 Copenhagen, berg, 8 to, 1842. 

8vo, 1706; and Hittoris Fia/sadige sati- * Tritor, Vol. 11, p. 635. 

Digitized by 


262 BihRotheca Americana. 

1 C27» 142. LOMITZ OM OLjtMEjiNUS^fFitbw s widi htrdir : 

D. HEN||rici glareani II poetae lavrbaH 

C$i$pb$n : 


%* Sm. 4to ; title one leaf + tbiity-four nambered leaves. 

(PriTtte Ubrafy, New York.) 

**l\ n'j a rien de plus int^restant pour I'hittoire dea grandea 
d^coovertes geographiquet des 15* et 16* siedes, aoe des uivre let 
r^its det cosmographes contemporains qui nous font connaitre la 
maniere dont la connaissance de cet decouvertes t'ett r6pandue parmi 
let peuplet europ^nt. On sait qu'il ftllut attez longtempt pour 
popnlariter la connaistance du Nouveau Continent, et meme Hinri 
L$ritMs GkriMMMs, Pun det plut c6Ubret cotmographet du moyen age, 

Sooique la premiere edition de ta g^ogtuphie dont nout venont de 
onner le dtre, ait pani plat de trente ant apr^ ta decouyerte, ne 
fait qu'une mention pattagere de PAm6riqoe, ce qoi prouve le pea 
de connaittance qa*il en a ea. Dant le dernier cnapitre [Recto of 
leaf 35], en parlant det r6giont non d6critet par Ptoldmee, il dit entr*- 
aatret : ' Porro ad occidentem terra eft, quam Americam aocant, 
longitudine octoginta fermi graduam. Duae infulae Spagnolla et 
liabella : quae quide regionea fecundum littora ab Hifpania laftratae 
funt, Colambo Genuenfi, et Americo Vefputio eiua navigationit ducr- 
but. Sunt qui putent tempore Caefaria Augufti earn terram fiiifle 
notam, atqoe ; Marone, lib. 6. [759-7] Aene. de ea haec protulifle car- 

*** Ucet extra rydcn telliM, 

Extra anni (blifque uiat, obi colifer Atlai 
Axem hamero torqvet, ftellk ardentibat aptsm. 

'* ' Hoc de Aethiopia Maurorum Seruiua intellezit. Landinua aut^ nol- 
lam Aethiopiam extra zodiacum iacere contendit. Itaque ipfe ezponit 
extra, id eft, penc extra. Porrd Donatua folem pro die, annum pro 
nocte poiitum ait. Noa rem incertam indicio lectoria relinquimua'.* *' 


* jii^lM t One book on geography by * ** Farther towards the west, lice a 
Henry Glareanut, poet laureate. Basle, country called America, the length of 
execMd by John Faber, 1527. which it about eighty degrees. There ate 

Digitized by 


BihBotheca AmericMa. 


Although Henij Loritz of Glaris when a Younfi;'man 
held the chair of Mathematics in the University of i 
Basle, and wrote two works on strictly scientific subjects 
(the above and his De Ponderibus et Mensuris\ not to 
speak of the Comment, in Arithmet. et Music. Boethiif)^ 
he scarcely deserves the name of ^' celebre cosmographe." 
Bom in 1488', he was better known as a poet who sang 
his verses, as a musician who played on several instru- 
ments and wrote a great deal on the subject of music, 
as one of the greatest literary critics of his day, as a 
reformer, as the friend of Erasmus, but especially as the 
precursor of Beaufort and Niebuhr^ in those investiga- 
tions which have shown the unreliable character of the 
Latin historians, at least as regards the origin and early 
history of Rome. He held tor several years the pro- 
fessorship of Belles-Lettres in the college of France 
then, and ever since so femous ; and diM at Friburg 
in 1563. " Vossius dit que c'ctait un homme univer- 
sellement savant.'"^ 


Dirttt rtfireueu 

t ( Paiw 
\ Bihlh 
I BMh 

PAicsKay AmmmUs lyM'*** ^^^' ^h P^H ^^^ 

BUlithiCM Tk9ttiitn*^ Vol. ▼, page 119. 

BiUhtkees Bmrl^wians^ page 12. 

D*AvBSAC, Prtjicthas CfttgrsfAifius, page 6t. 

Libri Catalogue for 1861, No. 314, (deicribct a copy containing 

Lorits* own annoutioni and autograph). 
BavNBT, Vol. 11, col. 1624. 
GiAiaUy -Vol. Ill, page 93. 

two idandt, ^^nalla and IssMlm. Those 
countries have been visited along the coasts 
by the Spaniards, Columbo of Genoa and 
AmeHco Vesputio being the leaden of the 
navigation. There are people who believe 
that in the dmes of Cesar Augustus that 
country was known, and that Virgil in the 
Tith book, verses 795-97 of the iEneid, 
wrote the following lines concerning the 
same t * Their land lies without the signs 
[of the Zodiac], beyond the Sun*s annual 
couiie, where Atlas, supporting heaven on 
his shoulders, turns the axle studded with 
flaming start.* Servius understood this 
of the Morish Ethiopia } but Landinus 

declares that there b no Ethiopia lying 
beyond the 2&odiac Therefore he hiinself 
eiplains ' beyond/ as meaning * almost be- 
yond.* Besides, Donatus says that ' Sun* 
stands for 'day,* and 'year* for 'night.* 
We leave this uncertain matter to the 
judgment of the reader.** 

* Bihlhikipu Amirksim*^ p. 3, No. 3. 

* Basle, fol., 1550. 

* Basle, 4to, 1570. 

* jttktnst MsurUsti Basle, tvo^ 177S, 

h *47t f . „ 

* MiCMSLST, BiHHr* Rmsiut^ Vol. i, 
p. 1. 

' mp, BMLLvrfJi^emeattf V. 11, p. 303. 

Digitized by 


264 Biilhtheca /immcoHa. 

1528. I43»- I-OKITZ OK OtjOttASUa-mtbia M widt ktritr: 

Vtnt $f sigMMiurt A »•• 

Bafiles ex Collegio no- 1| ftro. Anno S 
natali Chrifti, || M.D.XXVII. 

C9i$pb9M : 

*^* Sm. 410, thirty-two numbered leaves. In the copy before as, 
folios 31 and 32 are printed on one side only, and these blank 
pages are those which should contain the passages mentioned 
m the edition of 1527 (jufrM No. 142). 

(Botton Achen. Libnry.) 

Dirtet rtfinuetn ( PAJCfta, Ammsla Tffgr^ YoL ▼!, page 166. 
< Navabbiti, Okccitm^ page cxxTi. 
I KloM Catalogue, page 125, No. lysy. 
Hin^rksi Nwggtis^ No. 334. 

1 44* COFFO DA ISOLA {FBTBRy-Ahwi M w$$ieut nprisimt- 
sMg the Sum 9 M$$m Mui Eurtb : 



Stampata in Vcnctia per Augufti/||no 
di Bindoni. 1528. Adi. 14. de 

*^* Extremely small 4to (i\ by 3! inches), signatures A to F in 
fours, making twenty-four leaves, the virs§ of the lut of which 
is blank, whilst the recto contains a printer*s monogram, repre- 
senting a cross and an R, with the words : Cum grstid. Pre- 
ceding the title, there is an oral map of the world filling 
two ptges, upon which appear CmSm, iMmsiftiM, SpMgBu$lIst 
mid9 M9M$t ice. On the reverse of the title another map. 

(Bridih MuieMi.) 

Digitized by 


BikBotheca Amerktma. 265 

The passase concerning Columbus, first made known I £28* 
by Morelli', is on the verso of F. 3, and as follows : mmmm^mm 

Chriftopholo colubo zeouefe nel. 1492. || 
trouo nauegado uerfo ponente molte || 
ifole & cofe noue. ma prima fe troue le|| 
ifole gorgone hefperide iunonia la pio|| 
uiofia la caurera la planaria la neuofia 
ca II naria alincotro dela barbaria da pol- 
ar || go i mar fono ifole uetura colubo 
bra II zil caurera ouo porto fanto mcdera 
& II certe ifole dite deferte & altre dite 
falua II dege. Lanceloto columbo. dapoi 
oltrallafTai 5 ponete el dito chriftopholo 
tro II uo lifola fpagnola iamaique cuba le 
ifo II le de icanibaJi. la terra paria ouer 
mon II do nouo & molte altre ifole. la 
fpagno II la e de longeza de m. 800. larea. 
m. 330. II la cuba difta de la fpagnola. 
mia. 70. nel || puar die fece el colubo 
in uedar fe cu- 1| ba era ifola ouer. terra 
ferma el uete pu || raflai ifole. & pofe nome 
nauigando ala || riuera de cuba femp. 1300. 
m. in ql noui || gar a piu de. 700. ifole. 
hauedone pafTa- 1| te piu de. 3000. dapoi 
el col5bo li fpa/ 1| gnoli nauigari nauegddo 

' LttUTM rmri$ttwu^ p. 63. 


Digitized by 


266 BihBotheca AmerieoHa. 

1528. oltra el cano || bona fperiza perueueno 

■^■^— neluidia a co- 1| locut & andorono piu oltra 

fine nele || extreme parte de lindia. || 

Dirttt rtfimct$i f Momlu, Optrtttt, Vol. I, ptg« 309. 
-j BiUiMttts Grtmittitu*, — . 
( tfttu M Ctlamtmt, page 56. 

145. BORDOtfB (BKHEDtCT)—WitbiM • wUt^ triuuMMUHtriir : 

LIBRO DI BENE-llDBTTo bordone|| 
Nel qual fi ragiona de tutte Tlfole del 
mon- II do con li lor nomi antichi & mod- 
erni Jl hiflorie) fauole, & modi del loro ui|| 
uere, & in qual parte del ma||re ftanno, 
& in qual pa||rallelo &clima||giacciono.||* 
4^ II CON iL BRBVE DI PAPAJjLeone. Et gra- 
tia & priuilegio della|| lUuftrifiima Signoria 
com' II in quelli appare.|||^ M.D.XXVIII. 


C ImprefTe in Venegia per Nicolo d'Arif- 
totile, detto Zoppino, nel mefe di Giuljgno, 
del. M.D.XXVIII. con priuilegio di Leone 
papa, & del Senato diljquefta citta*, che 
niuno per anni diece pofTa quelle ifole 
imprimere, oHimprefTe uendere, ne loro 
luoghi fotto pofti, fotto le pene che in || 
efli priuilegii fi contengono, fe no colore, 

* AntlUii The book of Benedict Bor- modern nanct, liiMoria, &ble« and OMdc 
done, wbkh treat* of all the Uandi of the of life, in what part of tlie Ocean tbqr an 
world, together with their ancient and litnated, what parallel and climate. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 267 

a quali dal com || pofitor loro efprefTa || 4528. 
mete fara' ordinato die le ftam || pino ouer — — 
uendano.ll }^\\ 

%* Folio, title one leaf (text begins on the verso), + eight unnom- 
bered leaves, conuining three double maps + seventy-three 
numbered leaves. The map before the m-st folio represents 
a hemisphere, in which on the N. W. portion we read urrs 
iil UhrMt9ri. Just above the line of the equator are the 
words p9Miii M$d9 nott$, and beneath the equatorial line there 
is a rude tracing of a continent extending into the Atlantic, 
and as far as the tropic of Capricorn. On the verso of foh 
• VI there is a small map, where on the N. £• part we have 
mountains and pictures of houses, and beneath Tirrs ii Uuo* 
rMt§ri. S. £. we have three islands, MsmMtde, hrMsii (on the 
same parallel — brgsii being most easterly), opposite the third 
island, beneath these two, is written Mst9res. S. W. occur in 
the same type the words : stretto^^fU m9d9 n9U9\. On the 
recto of fol. x is ihe representation of a large city, under 
which is printed : <' La gran citta di Temistitan,*' and the text 
underneath begins : ** Terra di sancto Croce ouer mondo nouo, 
fu la prima di tutte queste isole, che trouata fusse, &c." On 
the verso of fol. xi is a small map, showing on the N. W. 
Umdiquif on the N. £. (opposite spMgnoU)^ on the medium line 
on the W., cbsncbiti, on the centre of this line, eurtaxM, on 
the £., mariaiambaL In the extreme S. £. of the map is 
printed paria. On the verso of fol. xii is an island marked 
spagH§U, and N. £. is the representation of a city, under which 
is printed habelU. On the recto of folio xui, is the map of 
another island, with a lofty mountain in the N., under which 
is written Jamaiqua, On the verso of the same fol. we have 
another island, subscribed within the interior of the island, 
cnbd. What ought to have been numbered xrv is numbered 
xviii. On this map we have laid down on the N. W., 
S. Msria ant tea, and beneath SMnta -f-. Due N., S. Maris 
nUfiJa, N. £., an island moferat: On the equatorial parallel, 
on the W., martino ; on the meridian an island, bugbima; 
and S. £., the island dominica. Due S. is laid down an island 
without a name. On the verso of xviii (/. e, of the fol. which 
should have been numbered xiv) are two maps, the one at 
the top of the page shows an island ^t%\%m\tdi guadalupt ; 
underneath other islands are laid down, among others part of 
one marked domsMtca. The bottom map is marked malinina. 
Th^ account of these various islands finishes on the recto of 
fol. XV. All these maps arc on the same scale, or rather the 
same size, viz, •' 5} by 3 inches. 

(PrWtte Librar., New York and Providence.) 

Digitized by 


268 BibUotheca Ammcana. 

1528* Benedetto Bordone was born at Padua', but lived at 
■KBom. Venice% where he cultivated Astrology, Geography, 
Greek literature and miniature paintine as a profession. 
Fontanini' and Tiraboschi^ assert that he was the fether 
of the vain-glorious Julius-Caesar Scaliger. Zeno, on the 
other hand, in a lengthy but interesting note', denies 
the assertion. As to Soiliger, it is well known that he 
claimed to be a descendant of the princely house of delta 
Scala. The date of Bordone*s death is unknown. 

Concerning the work before us, which is a description 
of all the islands then known, with a sketch of the man- 
ners and history of their inhabitants, Lelewell says' : 

** Cet ourrage 6tait achev6 en 1521: ' lo uescouo di Racoscia scrhre 
a Leone sununo pondfice hauer veduto (fol. lxziii— edit, of 1534)/ 
Le pape Leon X, privilegiant le 5 Juin i$2i I'editeur, mourut le 
I*' decembre de meme ann^e. Bordone en 1526, t'addressait au senat 
de Venice pour preserver ton outrage de la contrefa9on. Bordone 

mourut en 1531 [?] Ohycompte 105 figures insulaires 

y comprit les plans de Venise et de Temistetan enfin, 

tuMWirsMlit ou la mappemonde de Ptolemee, avec tous les comple- 
ments de l'ann6 1521, complements qu'on voit dans la carte portu- 
gaise de 1501, dans celle de Sylvano 1511 [sufrM, No. 68], sur le 
globe deSch6ner» 1520 .... La perturbation d'idees g^ographiques 
de cette 6poque se decile d'une maniere singuliere dans I'isolario de 
B. Bordone 1521, I534« On y volt une mappemonde, calquee sor 
la carte portugaise, seulement Bordone ou son modele y introduiait 
la longueur ptol6m6enne de la m^diterran^e.'' 

Lenglet Du Fresnoy^ and M. Renouard^ do not seem 
to have appreciated Bordone's Isolario. 

Dintt refimett 1 ( PANtit, Annsla T^f^ir^ Vol. vni, page 509. 
•j Hatm, Bihlhtec* Itslians^ Vol. it, page 103. 
I CLiMCifTy Bihli§tAifMt CBriemtt, Vol. T, page 92, •. 
Bbumit, Vol. I, col. 1 1 II. 
GtABiti, Vol. I, page 495. 
BiblhtkecM Brwvmisns^ page 15, No. 48. 

* ZsMo, in FoifTAifiin» Bihihtecs dtiP * Gitgr, du Mfj^'j^i^Y^L U,pp. 114 
t/f, Itsl,^ p. 268, note. and 162. 

" MAMMncmELLifG/i9cHet9H^tIts/iMf^. * MitJUdi pcmr itmdier U Gi$gr^t, 

* l9€ eie.^ p. 267. Vol. 1, Part I9 p. 419. 

« St0ris /. Litt. Itsi,^ VoL VII, p. 798. * Atmskt db AUi^ Vol. I, p. 14a. 

Digitized by 


BihUotheca AmericoHa. 169 

146*. MONTjiLBODDO-DU RBDOUER-^^^ ^nSxxyt Ic nOU- '5^9* 

ucau monde et nauigations, faides par Emeric de Vef- "■^■™= 
puce, Florentin, des pays et illes nouuellement trouuez 
auparauant a nous incongneuz : tant en lEthiope que 
Arrabie Calichut et aultres pluiieurs r^ons eftranges, 
tranflate de ytalien en langue francoyfe, par Mathurin 
du Redouer, licencie es loix. On les vend a Paris en la 
rue Neufue Noftre Dame^ a lenjeigne SainS Jehan BapHfte^ 
par Denis lanot {Jans daie)^ pet. in-4, goth/' 


*^ Poor preliminary leaves 4- Izzxiij numbered leaves, accord- 
ing to Bninet*. 

Denys Janot printed at Paris between the years 
1529 and 1545'. 

Dirttt rtftrtnctit T' Cattlogve for it44, page 177, No. 1107, and Dtaeripthm rti^ 
fnnkf page 448, No. 1107. 
' MsHuelf Vol. Ty col. 1160. 
Lhfres Cmrieux^ page 26, No. 121. 
ButUiiu dm Bihliopkilt^ for 1840, page 342, No. 370. 

147. L0RIT2 OR GLARBjiNUS^ff^itbm M widi b9rder : 

HENRICI||glareani poetae lav-||reati 


* Mmrquii Tjptr^fhtfuti^ P* 149 No. logue (Part ii. Vol ii, p. 4A5X and in 

26. (We inserted the above under the Panssb {AmnsJes^ Vol. viii, p. 68, No. 

^te of 1529 on thJa authority ; but since, 121 4) the imprint of Denys Janot on a 

we have ibund in the La Yallicre Catt- work printed in 1520. 

Digitized by 


17^ BibUotheca Americana. 

1529* C$hpb9M: 


%* 4to, thirty-five nombered leaves -f one blank leaf with a 
woodcttt on the verso. 

(PriTate Library, Paris.) 

Dirtet reftrtmcu: ( Pansbi, Jtnnmitt Tiff^gr,^ Vol. ix, page 464. 
\ Hitfrkml Nuggets, No. 1146. 

148. jiPiANus-G. FRisius-*^ Cofmographicus Liber 
Peiri Apiani Mathematici, ftudiofe corrcftus, ac ab 
erroribus vindicatus per Gemmam Phijfium. Vencunt 
Antuerpiae in aedibus Rolandi Bollaert. Et h la Jin. 
Excufum Antuerpiae impen(is Rolandi Bollaert, Typis 
Joannis Graphei, Anno a Chrifto nato iS^9* menfe 
Febr., in 4to Feuilles 56/* 


We can find no edition of Apianus of an earlier date 
with the valuable additions of Gemma Frisius. Tro- 
mel erroneously considers* the edition of 1 539 as the 
first given by the latter. 

** Gemma Frisius s'appelloit RsiNiaus [Rcgnier]. II nlqait i 
Docum [in 1 508*] d'une famille honnete. Ce fut un Medecin pro- 
fond en la theorie de son art, U heureux en la pratique. Mais il 
excella surtout dans les Mathematiques. II fut eztremement aim6 
U estim6 par PEmpereur Charles-Quint, Be memes suivant l*avis de ce 
Prince, qui 6tait S9avant en Astronomie & en Geometric il corrigea 
unc ftute qu'il avait faite en sa Mappemonde, laquelle il d^dia ensuite 
I cet Empereur. II mourut I Louvain [in 1558* or in 1555'] de la 

' Bihii§tAifMi CmHeuUf Vol. I, p. 405, ' ForriNt, BH/htMscs Belgks^ YoL I, 
ou. p. 131. 

* Bihlitkifw* Ameriesiut, p. 6, No. ii. * Fasasavt, TJkestnm, p. 1139. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 271 

pette [or of a stone in the bladder*], toivant Melchior Adam, Suffiride I C 2Q« 
Petri, & Hierome Ghilini." m^^^^ 

To which we may add with Frchcrus* that his " Sta- 
tura fuit parvi, membris gracilibus & facie pallida/* 
As to his annotations to Apianus* CosmograpAsa, Lele- 
well' says that they consist in having : 

'*introduit let notions g6ographiques et une table abondante de 
longitudes et latitudes geographiqaes de Ptol^mee, pour servir a dresser 
les cartes, dont 11 fit en 1 540 lui-meme Tezp^rience I Louvain*." 

Gemma Frisius was the pupil of Apianus, and teacher 
of the celebrated cosmographer Juan de Rojas. 

149. jiPUNUS (FBTBR)—Riet9 tf tbi first Udf: 

^ COSMO-||graphiae introdvctio : cvm|| 

quibufiMM Giometria mc Jftr9n$mut frin- || cif^s Mi turn r$m ntcif- 

A large armillary sphere, below which : 


C$hfh§n 9n tht virso if tbi idst printid liMf: 

IngilftMd^, Anm M.D.XXXI. 

*^* i2mo, title one leaf 4- thirty-one leaves, numbered in Arabic 
numerals from 1-16, after which the enumeration ceases. 
The whole is printed in italics with contractions, and conuins 
several geographical diagrams ; with a blank leaf. 

(British Mutenin.) 

* Lblswbu., Ohgr, iu JUtytm-j^tp * Let Eloits dtt Homwut ScMvams^ Vol. i. 
Vol. II, p. 176. " Mort le 15 Mai 1555, p. 06. 

avant la pttblicadon de ton livre [D* jfsn^ * « Cksrts^ give MMfps mmndi (at rulgut 

lski9\** — D*Atisac, Pfjtctiwi Gi9gr, p. Tocat^ id est Orbis totius Descriptio, Carolo 

70, U9ie, V. dicata. LoTanii, 1 540.** ForrcNS, 

* Ds Taov, Hia. mi ttmfri^ lib. xri. /fc. W/., p. 331. 

Digitized by 


272 BibBotheca Americana. 

I C 2 Q« On the verto of letf c 6 reference it nude to America in these words : 

mama^K^^ ** N$M s$lum M^t fraiUta trts partis || nkc sunt latiu$ lusirMie, uirum 
li mUm quMfta pMrs sh || (continued on recto of leaf 23) Americ9 
VisfutU sMgMcis inginii uiri, iwuiu est. Slui || Mb ifs$ Amiru$ ems 
imuenfre Amerigen quMsi Jme- \\ rid terrsm jute Americi MfpelUri 
U9luntt* tec. 

M. D'Avezac's copy bears a manuscript marginal 
note, dated " 153a F Nonas Octoiris** viz.: 

" Em pMMcis terri deserihit AfUtfi 9mni 
Multis qui MMgnus viwcere wi p$ [tuit]/' 

The work before us is evidently an abridgment of 
the larger Cosmographia of Apianus [No. 127], as entire 
passages in chapters xxv-xxviii, are literally copied from 
the latter. (See supra^ page 239*) 

ICO* IDEM OPUS^Thc only differences are in the following 

colophon on the rect0 of the last leaf: 

ExcM/um log$iftMdij [sic] II An. M.D.XXXIII. || Mense UnuMrU. 

And in the pagination, which is as follows : Title one leaf -|- leaves 
numbered from 2-16 -j- five unnumb. 11. marked r, cif, c$, c^ c$, 
+ three 11. unnumbered and without signatures + five unnumb. 11. 
marked d, dz, d$, d^, i/5,-1- three unnumb. 11 without sig.-|- five 
11. marked e, ez, e $, e^, e $ + there 11. without sig., verso of the 
last of which is blank. 

(PriTtte Library, New York.) 

Dirtct rt/tmeti t ( Pamsu, Ammmits lyp^gr.. Vol. ni, page isS, No. %%, 
i Klotf (^talofue, page lo, No. %$€, 
( Bihlitktct Msrltwitms^ page 1 3. 

ir'jo. ^5^« "^^^ ^^O— " Underweifung und vfll^unge 

m^mmmmm dcT Cartha Marina oder die mercarten, darin man fehen 

mag, wa einer in d'welt fy und wa ein ytlich land, wafler 

und ftet ligen. (Zu Anfang : Von dem nOen land auch 

amarica genant.) Mit 3 Hzjchn. Fol. Strajburg^ 530. 

11 BU/' (Biitach Catalogued) 

* Page 14, No. 359} Bavmr, YoL u, col. 1399 

Digitized by 


BibUoifiica Americana. 273 

I 5 2 • CLEMENT VII AT CHARLES F^First line: ' 5 3 0« 

CAROLVS Qttitttiin Uittina faucnte mt^ 
mentia lEtomanoni Jmpetatut fempet Auguftitis ac 
<Sfmnanie * H^ffpaniatft btriufq, ^icilie * <Setttfa:s 
Urn . Ungatie, Balmatie, (ttoacie * Jnfulatfi l&uU 
latft * jTortunataniv • ac noui ^ttiis Jn)iiatft ... . 

Nimty-first line : 

IBatitm ISononie fuii 9lnno a ^atiuftate Im 
^UleflnuiqttingenteflnuitrigeAnui * * * * 

%* One vellum sheets containing ninety-two printed linei and • 
few words in manascript. 

(PriTate Library, New York.) 

The present is a document emanating from Charles 
V, dated Bologna, March 23d, 1530, and reciting two 
Papal Bulls from Clement VIP. The first of these is 
addressed to Charles V, as sovereign of New Spain^ and 
alludes to the new islands discovered under his auspices, 
in addition to Hispaniola, and such as were subdued 
and Christianized by Ferdinand. 

BeincepiS quo^ coniiliimttis [says he], te quoa)! in 
i)ttmani0 liegetis [?] ISattatas notioneis ati tetfi 
omnia opifict et cdtiitott Tieli copofcttium nd folfi 
e)iictiis aDrmonitioniiufquf • feti et wcvain et bitiiuis 
(H opus fuetit) bt eamm anime celeftis tepi Sant 
patticipeis edpulfutft * omniv ftuTiio eSectutfi**^ 

This document is not interesting merely from the 
fiict that it gives to Charles V authority to furnish 
ecclesiastical dignitaries, thus conceding the long-contro- 

* We Ailed to find thote two Bulls in nations to come to the knowledge of Ood, 
the Luxemb. edition of CRBavBnn*s Bml- the maker and founder of all things, not 
Urhm M^^mmm R^matntm. only by edicts and admonitions, hmt mIs$ hy 

* jinglUl t Whereupon we trust that force anil mrm^ If needful^ in order that 
as long as yon are on earth you will com- their soul may partake of the heavenly 
pel and with all seal cause the barbarous kingdom. 


Digitized by 


174 Bibtiotheca Americana. 

1530* verted right about investitures, at least as r^arded the 
^mmm^mm New World, but also from the circumstance that it 
boldly enounces the doctrine which a few years later 
became the subject-matter of those bitter controversies, 
now personified! in the eyes of the historian by Bartho- 
lomew de Las Casas on the one side, and Juan Gines de 
Sepulveda on the other. It is worthy of notice that 
Sepulveda lived at or near Rome during the entire pon- 
tincal life of Clement VII (i 523-1 534); and we are 
inclined to believe that the too-famous Democraies seam-- 
Jus, seu De JusUs belli causis (a MS. copy of which exists 
in a private library. Providence, R. I.) quotes as an 
authority this Bull of the ambitious Julius de Medids. 

153* ENCISO (Jf. DB)^Under m Urge spbere, held hy m hswd: 

ttota me umM iM partDiant r ptouitid || ais ml 
miiniro: en efpedol titlM iiOiiasi.llr ttota Utgos 
menu )iel wcu tuel mateat || hmtamente eon (a ettfets 
eneomanee:||eonel eegimito tit\ fol s )iel notte: 
ago II eanuenantente emenliada )re al8vnoi3t||)iefec& 
tout j| tenia enla im^xtSM paffa)ia.|| 

Sign* of the zodiac on the verso. 
EnJ *f C*kpbtn : 

. . . ^neimpteffaenlanoMlUnilmarntusleal 
eifitia)! He ^euiUa pot Jufl etom-||iieeger: en el 
aflo )iela eneatnaeion tit nne-Hfitto Moe Jefn 
ef^eUto "at mil x (inini-Hentoiat . 7 . txx. 

%* Polio, title one leaf + fiffy-ieven numbered leaves. 

(Private Libni7, New York.) 

Dhrttt rtftrtnctit ( Pamxu, AmaUt T^ftgr^ Vol. IZ, fegc 475. 
i BiUtlkf Btiirims, Part 11, No. SS63. 
( Ratiel Catalotne, No. 91 1. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotfiica Americana. 275 

154, MjiRTTR (PETERy^mtbiM M h$rdtr representing the I530. 
Ubers $f Hercnlis : ai^BassB- 


^n^lma ^{UM0lan^ 

fl0 |lr0t0n0tfirtj 

Cffdim f<ma 

€ (turn ptittUeglo Jmpetfoli 

(tomplttti opuTi iQlid)a 

elt D IBpia anno 

Within the border^ the words : dianoXa raXd, Sn/lme, {ff Mhftine. 
Cekfbon : 

Eguia. Anno Virginei || partus M.D.XXX. || Menfe Decebri. 

♦^* Title one leaf + one leif for Prefiice + leaves numbered iij- 
cxij, + three unnumbered leaves for Vocahnla Barbara, 

(Privtte Librar., New York and ProTidence.) 

First complete edition of the eight Decades. It is in 

Digitized by 


2y6 Bibliotheca Ammeana. 

I c^o. some respects' more correct than Hakluyt's*, which is 
sKs_s_. usually considered the best. The copy before us contains 
at the end a map in woodcut : " iipus orbis uniuersalis 
.... ghedruct t atwerpen by M, peter de Wale I de 
guldi hanly' which is not without interest when we 
read the note added to the Heber copy', and referring 
to '^ the curious map of Apianus, cut in wood at Ant- 
werp, 1530." See supray page laa. 

Dirut nftrtuett: ( Pinxlo-Babcxa, Vol. n, col. 579. 

•I MsvtsL, Biklhtheem Hi$i$rks^ Vol. 111, Part I, ptge S73. 
I TSKMAUX, No. 36. 
BftVNBT, Vol. I, col. 193. 
Grakssb, Vol. I, page 130. 
Biklhthtem Br$%omiamSf page 15, No. 49. 

155. SAPiDO {SULPicioy--^^ Epitome Hist. 6? Cran. 

" Lyons — 1 530." 

''In un certo libretto [the above] si trova sotto I'anno 1492: 
' Jnsulae quaedam in Oceano^ antiquioribus ignoue hoc aevo veiuti 
novum Orbi ab Americo Vesputio primum & deinde a Chrittoforo 
Columbo lustrantur.' " 


1 56. ** Gemma Phrysivs de Principiis Aftron- 
omiflB & CofmographiflB ; de ufu Globi ; de Orbis divi- 
fione ac Infulis : Joan . Grapheus typis excudebat. 4to 
Antverp 1530. 

^^ Menfe Odobr. Vstneunt cum Globis Lovanii apuJ 
Gregorium Zaflenum, & Antverpie apud Gr^orium 
Bontiumyb^ Scuto Bafilienfir 


* Qf. thepattageoiiTertoofleafUxTiij. ' Bihihtkee* Hthtrisms^ Part Ti, No. 
See Bulletin S$ciiii dt Gitgr.^ for September sic. 

and October, 1S5S, p. 271. * Fits M jL yttpmeci^ p. LXXiil. 

• Parb, Svo, 1587. • AmtsUi Tff9gr,^ Vol. 11, P. 11, p. 737. 

Digitized by 


Bibtiotheca Americana. 277 

157, P0MP0NIU3 MELA— Within an $rnMmented b$rder : 1 ^2^^ 


LiBRi II tres, accuratiflime emedati vna' cum 
Commenta||rijs loachimi Vadiani Heluetii 
caftigatiori-||bus, &||multis in locis auc- 
toribus fadis : id quod cadidus le6tor obi- 
ter, &||in tranfcurfu facile de- 1| prehendet || 

ADIECTA funt praterea loca aliquot ex VADIANI comentarys^ 
/urn- II matim npetitM, £tf obiter expHcata : in quibus aftimandis cen* 
fendifqz doSiffi- \\ mo uiro loanni CAMERTI ordinis Minorum Tbeo- 
logo, cum loacbimo \\ VADIANO non admodum conuenit, || RVRSVM^ 
Epiftola Vadiani, Mb eo pene adulefcente ad Rudolpbum Agri || colam 
iuniorem fcripta, non indigna ieffu, nee inutilis ad ea capienda, qua 
aii" II ubi in Commentarijs fuis libare magis, quam iongius expiieare 
molnit. II 






%* Folio; tide one lcif+ thirteen unnumbered leaves, + one 
hundred and ninety-six + one unnumbered leaf for a title, -|- 
twenty-seven unnumbered leaves, -|- one leaf, recto of which 
is blank, while the verso contains a printer's mark, viz, : a 
tree, a bird flying, and the motto : vnicvm . arbvstvm non 
ALiT Dvos BRITHAC08. No map. * 

(Private Library, New York.) 

See the epistle to Agricola, signature Y. 

Dirtet re/ertw€*M:-f MArrrAUB, Amnmlts '^ffgr,^ Vol. ii, Part ii, page 73S. 
•I BikliHJUes TA$ttianSj Vol. ¥il, page 103. 
I PANfBt, Ammalii Typ^gr.^ Vol. viii, page 141. 
Bihlhtktt* BarlowisMS, page 1 5. 

Digitized by 


278 BibBothca Americana. 

I 530.* I 58. FRIES (LjiURENT)^Reet$ $f ibi first Udf: 

^f?^^B^^B^ iier||ctH^3)iri« nii fe|ei 
nag I lit eitter it V m\i fl^iMk Hi ei« l|t(miUii^i 
litfer ni {let (ig^«(« it ^e ifi i|Ii» Mgejigt irfl i» 
I* #tfte 3tfi|eii. II 

Then woodcut representing men with dogs' hetds, dividing human 

C$l9pb$n : 

9e^<t )fl Qitrtfiitrg M« || J^ltimee •rietbiger 
Mk II Mieiike if Stiti 9dfg{ || tltiit 9ii. 3tr • . 

Jtt • jB • XXX* II 

*^* Folio ; title one letf + twenty-one unnumbered leaves, no 
maps. (See notice on first column of last leaf.) 

(Private Ubnij, New York.) 

Dhrtci r$firtme€ t OiAma, Vol. Ii, page 635. 

I ^g. '* Marinbo (Lucio) — Obra Compuefta de 
las Cofas Memorables e Claros Varones de Efpafla, 
Alcala, 1530. Folio." 

* Part I, No. 46S0. While on the rabject of Ameikaa Lia- 

* We find in Babcia-Puiilo (col. 711) guittict, can the reader infbnn at who it 

what teems to ut an eminently apocryphal that <* VTadingo,** whom Babcia qnotea ao 

boolc, at least under the date o( 1 5 ^o, vhu 1 often with regard to the Central Amerkaa 

** F. Antoicio ox Cspxoa, Dominico^ jA^ languaget f See 7//«/o XTiii, YoL it, p. 

de lat Lenguat de Chiapa, Loques, Cel- 719, tf. He u altogether unknown fo 

dales, i Chinatlecas, imp. Mexico . 1530.** Eoviasa and BiaisrAnf. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca American. 279 

1 6o« MAUm (PETER^i^JFiihiM the SMme hfdir m iM N0. 1$^: I 5 S^* 


nifin y totonotdti) 
flvrid RUB a con- 

til: nfit jinifi ft 
notft 7 mttiio 

ai mtSL txm 

Sum: nwli 

tetftUi benitftateinofttotfl 49 
iipo^ t)Utotif U)co effe potetit. 
€dplitti Anno Hfti. i».9.XXX. 

<Sfi priiiiUsio (tffareo. 

C*hfb0n : 

C dj^rttftitn #fl l)ii( tf0ltt II 

men Epiftolarum Petri Martyris Mediola || neniis citni contro- 
uerfia eruditiffimi || in celeberrima & in omni literaru || genere 
maxime florenti Aca || demia Complutenii in||Aedibus Michae|| 
lis de Eguia||Anno a||Chrifto||nato.||M.D.XXX. 

*^* Polio ; title one leaf + eleven preliminary unnumbered leaves 
-I- one hundred and ninety-nine numbered leaves. (There 
is some misuke in the pagination after fol. 193 or 198.) 
Text in Roman characters. 

(PriTate Libiar., New York and Proii^ce.) 

Digitized by 


28o Bibtiotfiica AmerUoHa. 

1^30* Our readers are aware that Peter Martyr was a 
MBHK^Hf courtier. He acknowledges himself that he took ex- 
treme pleasure in the society of the great', and was on 
intimate terms with the most influential men of his day 
and country. His correspondence with these has been 
preserved» and covers a period of not less than thirty- 
seven years. The first letter bears the date of January 
I, 1488, when he came originally to Spain, while the 
last is dated May, i<25, the year preceding his death. 
These 816 or 813 letters form a curious medley of 
accounts, opinions and descriptions, not altogether 
free from twaddle, but which initiate us into the secret 
workings of the Spanish government at the beginning 
of the sixteenth century, and the inner life of the 
principal personages of the time. The insanity of 
Queen Joanna*, the cupidity of the Flemish courtiers', 
Luther's Reformation*, the expulsion of the Jews% the 
atrocious deeds of the Inquisition^ the conquest of 
Granada^, the attempt on tne life of Ferdinand', the 
battle of Pavia^ &c., are all described with zest and a 
certain couleur locale which is not without charm. But 
the letters which interest us most are the following: 
cxxx. May, 1493, to Jo. Borromeo; cxxxiii, Septem- 
ber, 1493, to Count Tendilla; cxxxiv, same date, to 
AscANio Sforza; cxxxv, October, 1493, to the Abp. 
of Gallicia (?) ; cxxxviii, November, 1493, to Sforza; 
cxL, February, 1494, to the Abp. of Granada; cxlii, 
November, 1494, to Jo. Borromeo; cxlvi and clii, 
December and January, 1494, to Pomponius Li«Tius; 
CLXiv, August, 1495, to Bernardin Caravajal ; 
CLXviii, October, 1496, to the same. 

These are among the epistles to which Humboldt 
calls the attention" of the reader in his interesting 

* ** Felicia hcc (bUndimenu nttune) * Epitt. cccxxxm, if. 
delicioti predicant, magnonim me Tiro- * Epist. xcn. 

mm tola commercia beant.** Efia, xcr. ' Epitt. cxxt, cf. Oans* TtmUh^ 

' Epitt. cccxTi, ff. <*^«> No. 10, p. 3a. 
■ Epitt. Dcxiii, «y. • Epitt. Dcccxni. 

♦ Epitt. DCLXXxix, «f . ■• ExsauM Critifi^ Vol. n. Appendix, 

• Epitt. ▼, Ti, If . P^ »79-»94. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. a8i 

account of Peter Martyr's Opus EpistolarutHy in these 1530. 

words : a^^asa 

**]t terminerai cette note en dtant les lettres de 1493 qui ont rap- 
port k Christophe Colomb {ArcbitbMiasso, Novi Orbis repertort): 
cllcs se trouvcnt pag. 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 81, 84, 85, 88, 89, 90, 
92, 93, 96, 101, 102, 116, dc I'edition d' Amsterdam", 1670, Com- 
parez dans I'edition d'AlcaU de Henares, 1530 [present No. IS9]» 
ptg. 71* 8»» H» ^9» 9«» 95* "6, etc.") 

M eusel also mentions : ^^ Quae ad res Americanas 
fpectant, maxime funt fequentes : [Nos.] 130, 133, 142, 
144, 146, 152, 156, 158, 164, 168, 202, 532, 545, 549, 
551, 560, 562." We refer in the body of this work to 
the other epistles which refer to Mexico, Grijalva, Cor- 
tes, &c. These letters were carelessly written, and the 
testimony of Juan de Vergara'*, who asserts having seen 
Peter Martyr dispatch a couple of epistles while his 
servants were laying the table for dinner, is sufficient to 
account for the inaccuracies and contradictions which 
they contain. Hallam says of these epistles : 

** They are full of interesting facts, and would be still more valuable 
than they are could we put our trust in their genuineness as strictly 
contemporary documents. La Monnove (if I remember right , 
certainly some one) long since charged the author with imposture, on 
the ground that the letters, into which he wove the history of his 
times, are so full of ana'chronisms as to render it evident that they 
were fabricated afterwards.'*** 

" OPUS||£PISTOLARUM||P£rJ{/ Lbonaro, TTpographom Regium, || cl> 

LANENSISy || Protonotarii Ap^tolid, %* Folio, 813 letters. 
Prions Archiepiscopatus Granatensis, at- '*^See his letter to F. de Ocampo sfud 

que i II Consiliis Renim Indicarum His- Quimtanilla y Mbnooza, Archetype it 

panicis, tanta ctira ezcusum, ut||pr«ter Vtrtmdiii Palermo, 1653, quoted by An- 

styli venustatem quoque fungi possit vice tonio, BibL Hitpan, Nova, Vol. ll, p. 371, 

Luminis||Historiaesttperiorumteinporuin.J| and Przscott, Ferdinand and Isabella, 

Cat acceuerunt \\ EPISTOLiE || FERDI- Vol. 11, p. 76, note. 
NANDI da PULGAR l| Coaetanei Lat- " Is it not Vasaus in Ckrenico Hispanige, 

ins pariter atque Hispanicae cum Trac- cap. it, as quoted by Vossros, De Histor, 

tatu Hispanico de||Viris Castellse lUus- Ltf/Ziv., Lib. ill, p. 671 ? 
tribus. ** Literature 9/ Europe^ Vol. I, cap. IT, 

Editio Postsbma. 2 81. Hallam cites in support of hit 

f Amstblodamt, Typis Elsbvikianis. || assertion the following anachronisms : 
Veneont||P^l{/S//S;|| Apud Fbbdbbicum *«in die year 1489 he writes to a fUendi In 


Digitized by 



BibUotheea Americana. 

1530* Mr. Prcscott cites in favor of Peter Martyr's veracity, 
._^i. Galindez de Carvajal'', Alvaro Gomez'^ and Juan de 
Vereara^ all of whom were his contemporaries. Mr. 
Helps adds the name of Las Casas'^. Antonio"*, 
Flechier% Niceron*^, speak highly of our author, while 
Mufloz", although soliciting tne indulgence of the pub- 
lic for " el candor con que [Martyr] lo confiesa todo, 
por su niugun afan en publicar sus borrones," says that 
" debe procederse con gran cautela.'' 

Antonio states*' that when F. Barberini was his brother 
Urbain VIITs nuncio to Spain (1630), the present 
edition of Peter Martyr's epistles had already became 
so rare, that he was obliged to pay a very hieh price for 
a manuscript copy, in lieu of a printed original. Niceron 
adds*^ that " cette premiere edition etant extremement 
rare, M. le premier President de Lamoignon donna 
Texemplaire qu'il avait dans sa Bibliotheque, a Charles 
PatiHj qui en fit faire une nouvelle en Hollande" plus 
belle & plus correcte." Prescott points out some errors 
in this reprint. 

p«aiHar«a te noatrc tempeacads BioriMim, qd ap> 
pelUtioM HIspaai Babtrum didtv, ab Ittlit nu>r- 
GaUictts, medkonui Ekphantiam allL, alii 

allter appeUant. inddiMt pradpitea, Ubero ad ne 
•cribit pcde. EpM. 68. Now if we tbottU erea 
beUere that tbii dlacaw wai known tome yean 
btfbrt the difcoverjr of America and the siefe of 
Naplo [it «/«*«ri WM linown], it it probable that 
It coald have obuUned the name of morbot GalHou 
belbrc tlie latter mra i In Pebnury, if ii, he com« 
mnaicatea the abtolotion of the Venetians by Jaliat 
II, which took place in Pebmary, ifio. Ephu 

If I. In a letter dated at BruMcto, |i Aof., 1520 
Efht. 689), he mentioM the buminK of the canon 
iw at Wittenberg by Lather, which U well known 
to have happened in the eneaiog year.** 

We tQould add, after HuMBourr, that 
in an Epistle dated December 29, 1491, 
Peter Martyr refers to eventt which took 
place at Hitpaniola, the newt of which 
were first brought to Spain, March 16, 
1494. In Rpist. 1 6S, dated October, 1496, 
we find an account of events which hap- 
pened In 149S. The Epbtles iSt, 1S5, 
dated Sept. and Not. 1497, mention the 
arrival of Vasco da Gama at Calichuc by 
the Cape of Good Hope, although the latter 

was not doubled until November oo, 1497. 
Mr. PaiscoTT uys in reply that *<afbr all 
the errors, such as they ar , in Peter Mar- 
tyr*s Rfitties^ may probably chiefiy be 
charged on the publisher.** L«c. r/f., p. 
77, »oM. Mufios is more emphatic t Estty 
persaadidt k que estos errores son del co- 
lector de lot papeles, sueltos do Martir.** 
Hisfr, del Nmcv§ Muiidt, p. xiY. 

** jiwM/et, MS,y pr9/ogo, 

** Di Rehmt Getth [Framtiici XimmSi\i 
Alcala, fol., 1569. 

>' M De lot cuales ceres destss friwurmt 
e§t£t i mingmno u dehe dur mst fee fut i 
Ptdr§ Martir [referring, However, only to 
the Dec des], «/. Helps, Tie SfamiU cm- 
fuest :m Amertes^ Vol. i, p. 107. 

»• Bihl. Hitf, Nrom, Vol. 11, p. ty j. 

** Httuire dm CMrdimsI Xmemet, Vol. 1, 
p. 7, cited by CnAumpii, Dietkuamn^ 
vol. Ill, p. 49, art. Martyr. 

** Memoiret, Vol. XXXill, p. ftio. 

** Hitfr. del Nrntv^Mamda, p. xill. 

Digitized by 


BMiotheca Ameruana. 183 

Dhtei refltremett f MAiTTAniy Amus/et Tyfogr,^ Vol. ii, Pirt ii, paft 743. \ C*10% 

J FAMfBR, Amnmlti Tjpir.^ Vol. Ti, p«fe 445. ^^ 

I MsDSSL, Bihii0tAe€s HitfrU*^ Vol. in, Pt. i, pa|« 171, jf. ■■^■^bbib 

AftcsLATvt & Saxios, BMtotA. Script. Mtdhl.^ col. 1941. 
ScBLdzBBy Briefweektel m, kistor, iakslts^ Pc. ii, page X07, ff. 
Biilitkec* Heierisma^ Part tj. No. »4>4v ^^d Part Til, No. 3944. 
Bi^li9tkee* Bmvfiiiana^ page 15, No. 50. 
BavNBT, Vol. I, col. 194. 
Ebskt, No. 13319. 
OiAiasB, Vol. ly paft 130. 

l6l« MAwwEi or roLTSRRA^** Commentariorum ur- 
banorum Libri XXXVIII. Bafil. 1530. f." 


162. RESENDE (ji. A. DE)^Rict$ $f the first Um/: 

in India a Lufitanis, anno fuperiori, iuxta 
exem- 1| plum epiftolae, quam Nonius Cug- 
na, dux IndisHmax. defignatus, ad regem 
mifit, ex vrbe Ca- || nanorio, IIII. Idus 
Odobris. Anno. 1| || Audore An- 
gelo Andrea Refendio Lufitano. || 

Louanii apud Seruatium ZafTenum, An- 
no II M.D.XXXI. Menfe lulio. Ad fi- || gnu 
Regni coelorum. || 

*J^ 4to, title one leaf + fifteen unnumbered leaves. 

(PriTace Library, ProTidcoce.) 

* BiUitt. HiUT., Vol. I, Part I, Mge Sixti IV, Imueemii VIII, Altxamitr VI 

a8i; and Faimciui, 0/^/. £«/. A61/. Vol. ft Pii III; Venet, 15 18, fol.), which 

TI, page 143, who also mentions : " Ctm- may conrain additional details concern- 

mtmitrii rtrum mricnarum, lib. XZXTIII, ing the first voyage of Columbus and 

cum Oeconomico Xenophontis. Paris, the Embassies of Obedience intrusted to 

apnd Jod, — Badium 1516," and a life of Bemardin de Canrajal and Francisco d« 

Alexander VI bj the same author (Fiut Almeida. 

Digitized by 


a84 Bibliotheca jimericana. 

I c^ !• We found this work in a library devoted exclusively 
._^Hi to America, but, as far as we can recollect, ^iled to dis- 
cover anything relating to the subject before us. The 
title, as well as Meusel's notice', indicates that the work 
belongs to the Bibliotheca Asiatica, There were three 
Portuguese Resendes, who were contemporaries, viz. : 
Andrew Falcam de Resende, a Portuguese poet, who 
died in 1598; Garcia de Resende, the historian and 
poet, who died in 1554, and whose Chronica we notice, 
infray after quoting it in reference to the disposition 
evinced by the noblemen of the court of John II to 
murder Columbus when he landed at Rastello {supra^ 
page 6) ; and the present Angelo Andrea de Resende, 
born in 1498, a prolific writer and a great antiquarian, 
who died, universally respected, in 1573. The reader 
might consult with advantage the works of I. da Sylva*, 
Barbosa y Machado, and de Figaniere', to ascertain 
whether among the numerous plaquettes published by 
A. A. de Resende, some, now extremely rare, do not 
refer to America or at least to Brazil. 

Direct refcrtneti: ( BihliotJUcs Greaviliisms^ page 6oi. 

( Biblhtkeet Br^wniswm^ page 16, No. 51. 

1532* 163. MARiNEo {L,)^^^ OipM^ de Rcbus HifpaniflB 
memorabilibus, CompluH^ Mich, de Eguia, 153a, folio." 

(BiblUtkec* Heberiamt\) 

1 64. BORDONE (^.)— " Ifolario, Vinegia, Zoppino, 

153a, folio." (Graeme*.) 

* SihliotJUcs HiUoricSf Vol. T, Pt. I, »«i^<y Vol. ix, p. 44a ; l^mtrrAO^ jfas/ecis^ 
p. 236. p. 57. Under the date of 1539, we de- 

' Diteitnarh bibthgr, tcrtmgmeu €ttud»i Kribe, /» txtense, an original copy of this 

sppUcaveh a PortMgale do Bratil. work. 

■ Bibliografia Hhtoriea Porntgmeus f • Vol. 1, p. 495. The Trh9r u the 

Lisbon, 8vo, 1850. only work we coold find which mentiona 

* Part II, No. 3618, and Pansbe, ^«- this edition. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotfiica Ammcana. 285 

165. PTOLEMr^Reei$ $f the first Um/: J' 5 3 2» 

||)t0l0mH II CabttW ^t0 II 

graphicae II Cum Eandaui anno||tationibus 
eggrellgie illuftratae. || 

The above title, in the copy before us, it only • &c-tiinile, but 
it teems to have been copied from che original. 

RKt0 *f tbt next pagt, frintti: 

ARGENTORATi II apud Pctruni Opilionem. 

♦^* Folio ; title one leaf + ex numbered leaves, followed by 
eight maps, covering each two leaves, -|- two unnumbered 
leaves. The last map bears no title ; but, west of Iceland, 
there is represented a large continent ** Inde continuatur littori 
terras Baccallaos, 356-60," which contains the following 
inscriptions : terra bacallaos, vltbriora incognita gron- 


(PriTate Library, New York.) 

See verso of the ninety-second leaf for interesting 
matter touching Cabot and Cuba. 

DirKt rtfertMce : BiMioiJkita UeberiamM^ Part T, No. 538S (?) 

l66» LORITZ OR GLARBANUS^^^ dt Geogfophia liber. 
Franc. 1532 fol. ab ipfo audore tertio recognitus." 

{AiJkiMM RamrkieK) 

Evidently an error, as we give (Nos. 142, 143, 147) 
editions dated 1527, 1528 and 1530. 

' Sivi CatM/ogus Profetstrmm At^itm, Bati/iewtht p. 251. 

Digitized by 


a86 BibUotheca Americana. 

* 5 3 2* ^ ^7* ^' J*^*'*'^ ^ ^- CORTES^Rect$ $f tbe first Um/: 


IJles nouuellemet trouuees en la grand mer 
Oce- II ane ou temps du roy Defpaigne Fernad 
&^ Eliza\beth fa femme^ faiil premierement 
en latin par \\ Pierre Martyr de Millan^ ^ 
depuis tranjlate en || languaige francoys. i| 
Item trois Narrations : dont la premiere eft 
de\\ Cuba^ &^ commence oufueillet i22.\\La 
Jecondey qui eft de la mer Oceane^ commence || 
ou fueillet 155. ||L^ tierce^ qui eft de la 
prinfe de Tenuftitan^ com || mence ou fueillet 

^ On les vend a Paris rue fainSi lehan 
de Beau- || uais^ chez Simon de Colines au 
foleil dor. || 

(tutn ptiuUegio* 

C$i$pbon / 

Imprime a Paris par Simon de Colines 
libraire iure de || luniuerjite de Paris ^ Lan 
de grace Mil cinq ces trente-deuxy le dou- 
ziefme iour de Ianuier.\\ 

# # 

^ 4to« title one leaf + seven unnuuibered leaves + two hundred 
and seven nombered leaves. 

(Private Libr., New York tnd Providence.) 

The present is evidently a translation into French 
of our No. 126. The first part, which is a version 
of Peter Martyr's abridgment of the fourth Decade, 
made for Clement VII (supra, page 187, No. no), is 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 287 

dedicated to the Duke d'Angoulemc. On leaf 132 1532. 
there is a new dedication to ^* Marguerite de Flandres ^smamamm 
tante de Lempereur;" and from leaf 155 to the end we 
find the Epitome de les Secande ei Tierce Narraiiones de 
la mar Oceane de Ferdinant Coriese^ translatee de latin en 

Dirtet rtfirtnctt t f MAirTAnx, Amwmltt 2>^., Vol. ii, P»rt II, ptft ff%, 
\ Pansbb, AMUMlet 2)/«fr. Vol. Tin, ptft 153. 
I NiCEBON, Mhuires^ Vol. xxill, ptft lis. 
TiftMAvz, No. 37. 
Bttmrr, Vol. i, col. 093. 
Wifr, Tyfcf^r, slf. Psrisient,t Ptrt II, ptft 9. 
BihlitkecM fieheriama^ Part X, No. S189 
Bihti§tkee€ GretnrU/isMs^ page 17. 
BihlhtktcM BrvtomismOf page 16, No. 51. 
Hibbcrt Catalogue, No. 5M5, and Rctsel't, No. 1159. 

l68. C0RTB3 {FBRNjtNDOy^fTithiit a h§rd$r^ €$mp§sid §f 
twintj'fivi iscntchiiu §f Spanish fnviMCis and tiwns. 

A» DE INSVLIS NVllPER inventis per- 
DiNANDi coRTESii || ad Carolum V. Rom. 
Imperatorem Narrationes, ciim alio || quo- 
dam Petri Martyris ad Clementem VII. 
Pon II tificem Maximum condmilis argu- 
menti II libello. II f His accefTerunt Epiflols 
du£. de feliciflimo apud Indos||£uangelij 
incremento, quas fuperioribus hifce diebus 
qui- II dam fratres Mino. ab India in Hif- 
paniam tranfmiflerunt. || f Item Epitome 
de inuentis nuper India populis idolatris|| 
ad fidem Chrifti, at(^ adeo ad Ecclefiam 
Catholicam conuer- 1| tendis, Autore P. P. 
F. Nicolao Herbom, regularis obfeniantias, 

Digitized by 


288 BibUotheca AmericoHa. 

1532* ordinis Minorum Generali CommifTario || 
■"'""' Cirmontano. || 

f Venduntur, in pingui Gallina. || Anno 

Then, portrtit of the Emperor. 
C*l»fb$n »n ritt$ iftbe Uit Itrf: 

f Coloniae ex ofHcina Melchioris Noue- 
fiani, Anno MUDXXXII. Decimo Ka- 
lendas menfis Septembris.|| 

Verso of the lut leaf, after a printer'* mark, with the inscription : 


5f Coloniae, Impends honefti ciuis Ar-|| 
noldi BircKman. Anno Domini || M. D. 
XXXII. Menfe||Septembri.||» 

♦^* Polio, title one leaf + three prelimintry unnumbered leaves 
4- eight unnumbered leaves for De Insulis 4- thirty leaves for 
the Second Narration -(- thirty-three for the Third Narration 
4- seven unnumbered leaves. 

(Private Librar., New York and Providence.) 

This translation of the Second and Third Narrations 
of Cortes contains, besides Peter Martyr's De Insults^ 

* jfMifice : The Narrationi of Fernando 
Cortet CO Charles V, Emperor of Germany, 
concerning the itlandi lately diKovered, 
with a certain other tract of Peter Martyr, 
to Pope Clement VII, on a limilar subject. 
To these are added two letters referring to 
the most fortunate increase of the Gospel 
among the Indians, which certain friars of 
the Minorite order transmitted fbrmeriy 
from Indb to Spain. Also an Epitome 
concerning the conversion of the idolatrous 
people of India, lately discovered, to the 

Christian faith, and to the Catholic Church, 
by the Rev. Father Nicholas Herbom, 
General CIsmontane Commissary of the 
order of the Minorites of the regular 

Sold at the Fst Hem, 1531. 

Cologne, from the omce of Melchior 
Novesianus, 1531, unth Kalend of Sep- 

Cologne, printed by the honest cidsca 
Arnold Birckman, A. D. 1532, month of 

Digitized by 


BibBothica Americana. 289 

a letter from Friar Martin de Valencia', dated June 1 53 2* 
1 2th, 1 53 1, at the convent of Thalmanaco in Yucatan, ^buhh 
and other letters sent from Mexico by Zumarraea, the 
first bishop of that city, which will be found in the 
Novus Orbis of 1555*. 

Dirt€t rtfirtmcn t f Pawsu, Ammtin Tff^gr,^ Vol. TT, page 413. 

•I Mbvibl, Bihli§tkecM Hiit^rics, YoL 11I9 Pare 1^ paga ^69. 
I TiMNAUXy No. 39. 
Bihlitkees Gremvi/lisMSf page 167. 
Bihliotkecs Hekerisum^ Part I, No. ^037. 
Bihlitkecs Br§wmsMM, paga 17, No. 55. 
BihlktkecM Bsr/§wismg, paga 8. 
Sitvtmt* Jimerkim BiSihgrsfJUr^ paga S7. 

169. '' Martyrio &c y tres cartas de Mexico, 

We find this short notice in Rich's Supplement under 
the date of 1532, but are unable to add anything to it. 
Niceron states', we do not know on what authority, 
when speaking of the Decodes and especially of Hak- 
luyt's edition : *M1 y a eu d'autres editions faites pre- 
cedemment en Espagne, dont j'ignore les dates/' This 
may be one of those early Spanish editions, but we very 
much doubt its existence anywhere and at any time. 
Were it not for the fact that the above title is in Spanish, 
we should think that Rich meant to refer to the dologne 
edition of Savorgnano's Cortes (infra), which contains 
the De Insulis of Peter Martyr, and several letters from 

* **(VALiifoiA, Maittv)— Rdifioto del erden tiempo se ha ocnltade mi sepaltara, apcur de U 

de Sen Prancbco . Naci6 en la villa de Don Jnan, diUgendas que han hecho loe ReUfiowt de w ordea 

de CattiUa la Viefa, fbd nno de loe priaerM Reli- para encentraiiat cecribioi 

gioiot que pasaron a la Nneva Eapafla el aRo de Csrtmt aobre difcreates cotas de loe Tadioti 

icxi. coa celo apottoUco de la coovenioa de loe 1511 fbl. 

yndioe,]rdeloeqoemasfhitoco|ieronteradetan El Lntero de las almas da Koketan [iic\ y 

connunada virtnd^ae nittri6 ea opiDioo de Saatidad Noeva Espala t I5|a, fbl.** 

en el Pneblo de Tlamanalco, donde por tradidoa (ALOiao, MM, Am, MS.) 

dicen qne ha obrado Dioe mncbos nilagfw por mi * Pp. 53^677. 

! ?P: 53^*77. 


•qncUoi NaMiBlca, hatta que coo el discvrao del ktmmtt tUmtirtt^ Vol. XXIIIy p. %l%. 

Digitized by 


290 BibBothte* AmtrieMM. 

1 5 3 2 • 170. zaOLXM {J.}— Rett* 0/ tbt fa-It krf: 

Ptolomaici opens rationem, Praeterea Stra- 
bo||ne, Plinio, &; Antonio audoribus lo- 
cupletata. || palbstina, iifdem audoribus. 
Praeterea Hi-||ftoria facra^ & lofepho, & 
diuo Hieronymo locupletata. || Arabia Pe- 
traea, flue, Itinera filiorum Ifrael per de-|| 
fertum, iifdem audoribus. || abgyppvs, iif- 
dem audoribus. Praeterea loanne || Leone 
arabe grammatico, fecundum recentiorum 
locorum {itu,||illuflrata.||scHONDiA, tradita 
ab audoribus, qui in eius o- 1| peris prologo 
memorantur. || holmiab, ciuitatis regi^, fue- 
tiae, deplorabilis exci- || dij Chriftiernum 
Datiae cimbricae regem, hiftoria. || region- 
VM fuperiorum, fingulae tabulae Geogra|| 
phicae. || 

ARGENTORATi \apud Petrum Opilionem.|| 

%* Folio, one handred and ten nambered letvet -|- eighteen un- 
numbered leaves, occupied with maps. and iNCAtTicrioNSM. 

(Britkh MoMiiB.) 

•* min. charta et typit niti diuimit'." 

James Ziegler or Ciglerus* was a Bavarian theologian, 
born in 1480, who cultivated mathematics and cosmog- 

* MtvtBt, BihL Himr^ VoL I, Part ii, p. 95. * ScBsmi, Samm Lii^ p. %'j^. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 291 

raphy with success, and died in 1549. We suppose 1532* 
that the above is the book referred to by Mr. Biddle', aK^K^H 
under the title of "Ziegler's work on the Northern 
Regions (Argent, ed. of IC32. foi. 92. b.)" in reference 
to Cabot's voyage. It is the only work of Ziegler which 
was printed at Strasburg in 1532, and although the 
words ^^ Liber de regionibus septentrionalibus** do not 
appear on the title, we know that there is a part of the 
work devoted to the northern r^ons (under the quaint 
name of Schondia^ which Ziegler uses for Groenland, Ice- 
land, &c.), and which was published under Biddle's title 
latinized, but only in 1542 {supra). 

In the chapter on Schondiay under the head of Groen- 
landia, on the reverse of leaf xcii, the author says : 

^^ Petnis Martyr mediolanenfis in hifpanicis nauigatioibus 
fcribit, Antoninium quendam Cabotum foluentem a Britannia, 
nauigafle continue uerfus feptentrionem, quoad incideret in 
crui&s glatiales menfe lulio, inde ergo conuerfum remigafle 
continue fecundum littus fefe incuruans auftrum uerfus, donee 
ueniret ab fitum contra Hifpaniam fupra Cubam infulam Cani- 
balum,'* &c. 

Moreri* mentions a work of Ziegler which may have 
some bearing on the subject : De Rebus Indicts liber ; 
unless it is the chapter de Moluccis insulis, added to the 
edition of 1542. 

Direct rtfinmett: rFtiTTAOy AmsJetts Litt^ page 1114. 

•I MiutELy BiUhtktcM HitfrU^ Vol. i. Part IT, page 95. 
(Pansxe, Jimmmln Tjftgr,, Vol. Ti, page 122, No. iss. 

171. HUTTICH OR GRrNjEUS^RM» »/ the first leaf: 



RVM, II una cum tabula cofmographica, 6c 

* Htmtir tfStlaai— Ctitt, p. 31. * Ditiimamrt (iScli edit.), p. 19S. 

Digitized by 


291 BibBothica Ammcana. 

1532. aliquot alijs confimilis || argumenti libellis, 

quorum omnium catalogus || fequenti pate- 
bit pagina. || His acceflit copiofus rerum 
memorabilium index. || 

Then printer's mtrk and : 

Fata uiaro inuenient. 
Easilbab apvd Id. Hbrvagivm, Mbnsb 
Martio, Anno m.d.xxxii.* 

*^* Title one letf -|- twenty-three unnambered learet + ptget 
numbered 584. Woodcutt on pages 30 and 129. 

(PriTite Libr., New York and Profidettce.) 

" Ed. collectionis prima'/* and certainly an invaluable 
collection, which reflects credit upon John Huttich, who 
alone compiled it. Simon Grynaeus only wrote the pref- 
ace, yet it bears the latter*s name, and having been 
printed by Hervagius, Meusel* calls the present work 
ColUctio Huttichi(hGrynaO''Hervagiano. 

John Huttich was born at Mentz towards 1480, and 
died in 1544, at Strasburg, where he held one of the 
canonships in the Cathedral of that city^ " Er war ein 
grosser Freund der Alterthumer," says Jocher*. 

As to Simon Grynaeus, he was an inveterate talker*, 
one of the early Reformers, the personal friend of Luther, 
Calvin and Melancthon, and the fortunate discoverer 
of the last five books of Livy, hitherto lost, and after- 

* ^wgliee t A new globe of regions and 
itlandi unknown to the ancients, together 
with a cosmographical table, and some 
other treatises containing similar things} 
the catalogue of which will appear on the 
following page. An indei of memorable 
things has been added. 

** I am obvious.** 

M Destiny wiU work Its way o«t.** 

Basle, at John Henragius', March, 153^ 

* Kloss Catalogue, No. 1887. 

* Bihli§tke€M Historicm^ Vol. ni, Pc I, 
p. 221. 

' JoRANNis, Scripfrti Histor. idtgrnm" 
iinit. Vol. Ill, p. 311. 

* jii/gemeiMis GtUkrt, Luck^ VoL II, 
col. 1791. 

* H0KT9 di cUr. huerf^ YoL !» p. 166. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 293 

wards published by Erasmus. Not less than seven of 153^* 
his descendants, all bearing the name of Grynsus, have laHnMH 
acquired great reputation as scholars and theologians. 
He died in 1541*. 

Baillet says of the printer^ : 

** Ertsme estimtit fort Herpagitts, & dittlt que noat tvont obliga- 
tion k Aide de nous tvoir donn^ le premier le Prince det Ortceurt 
[Postiriir Scaiigeran. page 54], mais que nous sommes beaucoup plus 
redevables k Hervagius de I'avoir mis en un etat beaucoup plus accom- 
pliy & de n'avoir £pargne aucune depense ni aucun soin pour lui donner 
la perfection." 

The chapters which are of importance to the student 
of American history are : 

The first three voyages of Columbus, pp. 11 5-1 18. 

Vincente Yanez Pinzon's voyage, pp. 122-130. 

The duplicate of Vcspuccius' third voyage, pp. 130-142. 

The four voyages of Vespuccius, copied from GrQninger's edition 

(No. 60), pp. 184-187. 
The extract of the fourth Decade of Peter Martyr, pp. 570-584. 

Mr. Grenville says' : 

** The Title-Page announces a Map, with a description of the Map 
by Munster*, but no map has, as far as I can learn, ever been seen in 
this edition. Neither do Camus, Meuselius, Maittaire, Panzer, or 
any of the Bibliographical books appear to have noticed in this and 
in the subsequent editions the constant deficiency df the map.'' 

We have been more fortunate, for not only do we 
know of a number of catalogues'"" which advertise the 
Novus Orbis of Basle, 1532, "with a map/' but we have 
seen several copies of the latter edition which contained 
it. Whether they were the maps really belonging to 
the work, and described by Munster, we are unable to 

* Atkenae Ramncae^ P* 7I* tenporibtu ab Alberlco Vetmttle el Chrittophore 

• >r«.«r.. Vol. ,, p. 38^ „a w srj:^".S!?r..»wir»sj:i";^^ 

BMCkdruck.^ P* 117* at iaa tern rod sit tripartita, sed anadripartiu { 

* Bihliothtca GrenvillianSf p. 498. ^wun lue Insane intulctaamagnitadine BuroMm 

per Sebatttanuu Munuermu, It 11 in this 

Idnd of geographical treatite that ocean Sec, among othen, Walcknaer'i, Trft- 

the paisage so often quoted t °>^**» Tross*, BihlUtkeeM Heheriams^ Part 

MlB Oceano ocddeatatt fuk mom OiUs aoilris VII, Not. S848 and 2849, Ac. 

Digitized by 


294 BibUotheca Americana. 

1532* say, as no two copies of this edition had the same. We 
KBaaas^ have before us one, which is as follows : 

SALIS. ^ Then a highly ornamented border, and two 
inscriptions within a square, one beginning with the word 
INDIA, and the other SCVTARVIVI. The newly 
rediscovered world is represented on the north of a long 
strip of land, bearing the inscription Terra de Cuba\ the 
isthmus is cut asunder, as in the Chinese maps. The 
southern part contains these words only : PariaSy Cant- 
bait, AMERICA || TERRA NOVA, Prifilia, Then, 
in type of this size, the word : 


This, which we call A, we are inclined to consider as 
the genuine map. We have seen four or five copies of 
the rfovus Orbis of Basle, 1537 {infra), each containing 
a map which is literally copied from the present, but 

with this only difference : the word ASIA is printed 
in a kind of type somewhat different and smaller. The 
latter, which we call B, is also frequently seen in the 
Novus Orbis of Basle, 1555- 

Another Novus Orbis of Basle 1532", contains a map 
bearing the following inscription : 

Tabula nouarum Infularum, quas diuer- 
fis refpedtibus Occidentales & Indianas 

In this, which we call C, the word AMERICA is 
not to be found; we only read on the southern part of 
this continent : 

" Nou orbis,'* Infula Atlantica quam uocant Brafil 
& Americam," and 2)ie 9li» || »elt. || 

** Bib!i9ikt€s Bmomisna^ p. i6y No. 53. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. ig^ 

It is in appearance entirely different from A and B ; 1 532* 
and, if our memory serves us right, we think it belongs aa-B-B 
to some of the small folio Ptolemies. At all events, we 
find in tht Ptolemy of H. Petrus, Basle, 1540 (infra) ^ 
one which resembles it in many respects. The chief 
differences between the latter and C, consist in a different 
title, the absence of the German inscription, and the 
addition of a large caravel on the Pacific, close to the 
Southern continent. 

The demand for bibliographical rarities of this kind 
always brings a supplv. The imagination of book- 
sellers is fertile, as collectors know ; the Ptolemies and 
Munsters published at Basle in large numbers have not 
all found their way into the waste basket, and we fancy 
that these present an easy method of supplying the 
cartographies deficiency in the Novus OrbiSy so fre- 
quently complained of 

The edition of Paris, 1532 (No. 172), contains no 
additions. That of Basle, 1537 {injra)y has Maximilian 
of Transylvania's Letter concerning Magellan's Voyage. 
In the edition of Basle, 1555, the following have been 
added : The Cortez Narrations (Second and Third), the 
letters on the prop^tion of the Gospel among the 
Indians, the epistle of^he Bishop of Temixtitan "in Hu- 
ketan," and the summary of Herborn's Discourse on 
the conversion of the Indians to the Catholic faith. As 
to Balthazar Lydius' edition", Brunet says : 

" Ce recueil renferme la partie de It collection de Grynaeus qui se 
rapporte \ PAmerique, et de plus la dissertation de Varrerius, vul- 
gairement nomm6 Caspar Barreirost neveu du celebre Jean de Barros.** 

This " partie qui se rapporte a I'Amerique," con- 
sists of: 

Navigatio Cristofori CohmbU 
" Vinxintii PinzonL 
" Americi Vesfutiu 

** Htmu 0rhitf id est navfgMtioues prima Vmrrtrii ditcmrtrnm it Orfkyrm rtgittuf 
rn jSnuricamt fuibrnt mJjmmxiwmt Gm»f. Rotterdam, 8to, 1 6i 6 

Digitized by 


296 BibBotheca AmericMM. 

I C ^ 2« ^* Martyr, it Insults nufir htviutis. 

^ •^ FeriliMaMili driissi narrationes. 

Nic. Hirh$rM» ii Iniis c9nvirUndis. 

All taken from the 1555 edition. 

Cornelius Ablijn's version in Dutch'', contains in 
addition the first three decades of Peter Martyr. Under 
the date of 1534, we describe Michael Herr's"* trans- 
lation into German, which gives only the chapters in the 
original of 1532. 

Dirte% rtfirtmetti ( MBUtti, SMhiAus Hisfrks^ Vol. Ill, Put I, ptg« %%t, 
•I Pamsei, jimmsUt l^ftgr,, VoL IX, ptge 405. 
I Rich, No. 7. 
Tbbmavz, No. 38. 
Camos, Mhfires mr dt Bry^ ptge 6. 
BavNiT, Vol. IT, col. 13s. 
TtdMBL, page 3, No. 4. 
Otml, Biilitk, TkertuMM^ VoL ll, ptft 15OU 
Biklitkicm Bsrhwimum^ page is. 

172. IDEM OFUS^Rict§ §f tbi first leaf: 


GioNVM AC iNsvLARVM VE- 1| teribus incog- 
nitarum, una cum tabula cofmographica, 
6c II aliquot aliis confimilis argumenti libel- 
lis, quorum || omnium catalogus fequenti 
patebit pagina. || His acceflit copiofus re- 
rum memorabilium index. || 

■* Dit Nittm Jfttrtk ikr Laait Ktsf- Vander toe, fot, 1563. + 4 U. tl] pp. 

ftu taJt BjlanJea dit M JUtr It* tUta B. L. (Private Library, Prondence. Set 

Mi^« H'ttrill httcirHtna tnttktiil gtneta BiUhthta Bnmiuii; No. 13S.) 
ui*. H'atr an mint vmita P»»nm- ** Not Ktrr, n 'vt'a printed ffrm, f. 

gtttlunM M Ui^tmtrtnf Antwerp, Jan 64« in line 7 of note los. 

Digitized by 


BibUothica AmerkoHa. 297 

Then vignette representing t galley betring the lilies of France, I 532* 
with the motto : 


OTVM a' II Prato, in aula maiore Palatii regii 
ad primam columnam. || 


ImprefTum Parifiis apud Antonium Au- 
gellerum, impenfis loannis || Panii & Gale- 
oti a Prato. Anno M.D.XXXIL VIII. || 
Galen. Nouembris. || 

^'^^ Folio, of larger size than No. 171 (which is also a folio), 
title one leaf (with table of contents on the verso^ ; -(- twenty- 
four preliminary leaves, including nineteen of index, -(- five 
hundred and fourteen pages (p. 512 marked 502, and p. 514, 
marked 507), -(- one leaf containing on its rict§ the register 
and colophon ; the verso blank. Map. The woodcut on page 
30, in No. 1 70, is here omitted. 

(PriTite librar.. New York and Proridence.) 

The map in one of the copies before us, instead of 
being that which is usually found in the Paris edition 
(described, supra^ in No. 171, as D), is the map which 
we call A on page 204. The other copy" contains Oron- 
tius Fine's map. Cancellieri* says ot this edition " piu 
rara di tutte.'* 

DtTHt rtfireneu : ( MArrrAUi, Amusies Tyf^gr,^ Yol. xi, Part ii, page 773. 
4 Pansbs, Amnaltt Tyfogr.^yoX, Tin, page 153^ No. 21 31. 
I HniiBoun*, Bxamen &itifiu. Vol. it, page i%%. »$ti, 
BavMBT, Vol. IT, col. 131. 
Bihlitkieca Br^wnidM^ page 16, No. 54. 
' BiUhtkecM Barltwisna, page 13. 

* Dhttrtmti§ui, 


Digitized by 


298 BihBotheca Americana. 

1532* 1 73« BUTTICH OR OJtrNJEUS^Pncisily Ski tbi Mh99i, with 

iK^K^HB this exceftwn : 

Instead of Galliot Du Pr^'s printer's mark^ there is Jehan Petit's, 
but diflFering somewhat from the two specimens inserted in Bninet, 
as the name of the printer is repeated several times witbm the rig- 
nette, and the lions* neads are of a much bolder type. Then below : 

ruum fub flore Lilio, uia ad fanctum 

As to the map, it is that which belongs properly to 
the Paris edition, and is as follows : 

In a scroll : jjt NOVA, ET INTEGRA VNI- 
folded homeoterical mappemund. On the right of 
the reader there is a separate continent, bearing the 
following inscriptions: BRASIELIE REGIO, RE- 
center inuenta, fed nondu plene cognita. || CIRCVLVS 
ANTARCTICVS; and below, an elongated penin- 
sula, rising from south to north, and containing many 
words in small tvpe, amonc which we read: Mons paf-- 
qualis^ R. S.JebaJt. R. broTdT^ R. real; Monte fregojo^ and 
A II ME II RI II CA. II On the left of the reader, emeig- 
ing from the border, there are several narrow strips, 
with the names : Terra florida^ Cuba^ TucatanSy lanaica 
^sic]. Above, we notice a coat-of-arms exhibiting the 
ilies of France quartered with three dolphins. In the 
ower part of the map, within a square frame, the in- 
scription : 

«« Orontiat . F.* Delph . ad lectorcm." 

Offerimut uhi, candidi lector, vniversam orbb terrarvm detcrip- 
tionem, juzta recentiom Geographomm ac Hydrographomm mentem, 

* I. e, OROMTiot FiifB. When we rec- kiiowledfe» etpecliUy in mitten pertaiBlBg 
oUect the wonderivl actiTlty ditpUyed by to Coiiiio|nphy, and hk tkill m a ceitog- 
tlus vnfbrtiuute man, the extent of hit rapher, we are inclined to believe tktt 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 


senittatnm ^quttoris, turn ptrajlelonim td eas quas ex centris pro- 
portioned gemina cordis humani formula in piano co-eztensam : qua- 
rum laeua borealem^ deztra vero Australem Mundi partem complec- 
titur . Tu igitur munusculum hoc liberaliter ezcipito : habetoque 
gratias Christiano Wechelo^ cujus fauore et impensis haec tibi com- 
munlcarimus . Vale, 1531. Mense Julio." 

(PriTite Library, New York.) 

Dirtct reftrtwett : ( AhCKDOf Bibliotheca Americmma^ MS., Vol. IT, page 641. 
\ Ather Catalogue for 1865. 


I74., FRANCK {SEBASTiANy—^^VftlthMcYi: fpiegel vnd 1533** 
bildniiz des gantzen erdbodens in 4 Buchern, neurlich saasss^smm 
in Afiam, Aphrica, Europam vnd America von neu- 
wen vnbekanten welten, Infeln vnd erdtrichen fo newlich 
erfunden worden feindt geftelt und abgetheilt • . . nitt 
aus Berofo, Joanne de montevilla, S. Brandons Hif- 
tori und dergleichen fabeln, funder aus angenummenen 
glaubwirdigen erfamen weltbefchribern mufelig zu haufF 
tragen etc. Tub., Ulr. Morhart 1533. in-fol." 


This edition is the earliest we could find of Sebastian 
Franck's well-known Mirror of the World. We describe, 
infray under the dates of 1534 and 1542, original copies 
of this curious work, which was translated into Flemish 
in 1563. 

the following may contain some curiout 
matter concerning the New World : << Pro- 
tomathefis: oput varium, ac fcitu non 
minut utile quam necefTarium, &c. PariJUs 
apud Simonem Coiinaemm MDXXXII. foL 
cumfigg. Main. 11. p. 768. Bii>l, Thott, 
111. Ft. I. p. 2 "— (PANxia.) 

The third part of the Protomathesis bears 
the title of De Cosmographia sive mundi 
tph^ra Lihri V^ and it is in this that the 
reader who has access to the work must 
look for the passages, if any there be, 
relating to America. 

* Trkur^ Vol. II, p. 627, contains also 

a notice of an edition of 1534, which 
may only be the edition of 1536, which 
bears the date of 1534 6n the title-page 
and <* tausent funfFhundert yier und dreys- 
segsten jar,'* in the Colophon. 

* «« EDEN (RICHARD)— TrcM^Bc of 
the new India, with other Newfound- 
landes and Ilandes. Lond. £. Sutton, 
'S33''\ (LowNDM, Bih/iogr. Manual, sec- 
ond edition. Part iir, p. 712 j Bmunbt, 
Okabssb, Sec) 

This is only £den*s translation of 
Munster, and should read 1553 instead 
of 1533. 

Digitized by 


3<x> BibBotheem Amerieana, 

'533* ^1 S* cor W«t« (CBltISTOPBEM)—Reet* */ tit frtt ttrf: 



fanda geftum : autore || robbrto momacho 
[sic], 11 cAROLvs Verardus de expugnatione 
regni Granats qus con || tigit ab nine quad- 
rageflmo fecundo anno, per Catholicu 
regem || Ferdinandum Hifpanianim. || Crif^ 
tophorus Colom de prima infularum, in 
mari Indico fitarumjl luftradone, qus Tub 
rege Ferdinando Hifpaniarum fa^ eft. || 
De legatione regis Aethiopiae ad Clemen- 
tern pondiicem vii. ac Rege Portugalliae : 
item de regno, hominibus, at(^ moribus 
eius/ 11 dem populi, qui Troglodits hodie 
efTe putantur. || loan. Baptifta Egnatius de 
origine Turcarum. || Pomponius Laetus de 
exortu Maomethis. || Ledor humanif&me 
habes hie opus quarundam hiftoriaru, quas|| 
iam primu typis noftris ex antiquo & 
fcripto exemplari in com || modum tuum 
euulgauimus.||BAsiLBAB excvdbbat hbnricvs/ 


Digitized by 


BiiSotAeca AmericoHa. 301 

\* Folio; title one leaf, -(- index in two unnumbered letves, -|- 1 53 3* 
one blank, + one hundred and forty-nine numbered leaves, -j- ^^^i^^ 
one leaf, blank on the recto, with printer's mark on verso. 
(Priyate Librar., New York and Providence.) 

The early authors, when referring to the first letter 
of Columbus, generally quote this collection. The De 
Insulis is inserted, pages 11 6-1 21, under the following 
title: Christopharus Columb {sic) de prima Insularum in 
mari Indicio sit arum lustratione. 

** £t pour ce qui est d'Henric Petri [the printer, bom in 1 508'] 
on pent voir ce qui est sorti de sa boutique dans le catalogue que ses 
h^ritiers en firent imprimer in-4^ k Basle, avec une continuation." 


Dirut refertiuti : ( Pansu, AumMla Typogr.^ Vol. vi, ptge A96, No. 937. 
i OtAEttSy Vol. iiy page %%%, 
I Bihlittkecs GnmfiUiaua^ p^ 610. 
Bihlitkeea BrowmimMs^ page 17, No. 57. 
Kioti Catalogve, page 240, No. 3366. 

I J 6. MARTfR (PRTRRy-RiCii •/ thi first leaf: 

PETRI MARTYRISllAB angleria mb- 
DioLANEN. oRATORis || claiiflimi, Fcmandi 
& Helifabeth Hifpaniarum quondam re- 
gum II d confilijs, de rebus Oceanicis & Orbe 
nouo decades tres : quibus || quicquid de 
inuentis nuper terns traditum, nouarum 
rerum cupi-||dum ledorem retinere poflit, 
copiofe, ndeliter, eruditecj doceturlJEivs- 

LONICAE LI II BRI TRES : vbi praeter 

ORATORii MVNERis || pulchemmum exem- 

' BmUt Bmekdnukgrgttck,^ pp. 147- * ymgemems det Savsms smr Ut frimci" 
149, fac-tioiile of the piinter*i mark, and pmut 9mvragu da mtteurt^ Vol. i, page 
aketch of Petri, the printer. 381. 

Digitized by 



BibUotheca Americana. 

1533. plumy etiam quicquid in uariarum gentium 

— =™" mori- II bus & inftitutis infigniter pr^clanim 

uidit, qu^cj terra maricj acciderunt, omnia 

ledtu mire iucunda, genere dicendi poli- 


Then printer's mark (a palm tree and palma bbb). 

BAsiLEAE, 11 apud loanuem Bebelium jj 
M.D.XXXI11. II* 


BafUeae, per lo. Bebelium, An. d Chrifto 
nato M. D. XXXIII. pridie calend. Septemb. 

%* Elon^ted folio ; title one leaf-|- eleven unnumbered preliminary 
leaves including the index -{- ninety-two numbered leaves. 

(PriTate Libr., New York, ProTidence and Washington city.) 

Contains only the first three decades, and the abridg- 
ment of the fourth. 

Dirtet rtfiremtu 


PAMtBt, Annsles Tjffogr.f Vol. ti, page 297, and Vol. iz, page 407 
Mbvskl, BibliotkuA Hitfrica^ Vol, in, Part i, page 273. 
Rjcn, No. 8. 
TxaNAvz, No. 40. 
Tft6MBLy No. 5. 

BiblhthecM Heberimmm^ Part Tl, No. 2415. 
Bihiiotkeca Brtwnimnm^ page 17, No. 58. 
Rothelin Catalogue, No. 4359. 

KloN Catalogue, page 193, No. 2695, dctcribet Melancthon*t copy 
with marginal notes. 

* Jtmglici : The three decades of Peter 
Martyr d*Anghiera, Milanese, the most 
celebrated orator, counsellor of the late 
sovereigns of Spain, Ferdinand and Isabella, 
which, by setting forth in a copious, ^th- 
ful and learned manner everything con- 
cerning the countries recently discovered, 
may captivate the attention of the reader 
cnrioos of novelties. Alto, three books of 

the same concerning his ambassy to Baby- 
lon [Cairo], which, besides the finot 
specimen of oratorical talent, exhibits in 
language most elegant and of the highest 
interest to the reader, evezy remarkable 
thing seen by him on the subject of the 
customs and institutions of the different 
Basle, at John Bebelius*, 1533. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 303 

177. ZUMMARAGA {J.y~Rect$ $f the first Uaf: '533' 

©atfdidfft Ue^ ©rat- — 

llti^ill. II ^^^^ *"^^* ^"^^ •** *e<« II jwffe« 
miPIII' >■ fefli |0|e» aRomlftiik, ke» ««» || geweiiu 

n^ »e»»et ipdefler 3a|iii, «» Stifl || CleweM keit 

Sttenkeit, )» SaMwit || ker|jirt in affwew Cawfillariii tm 

tx\x. tftg 3ft»MHi 9(11110 II fSi. 9* xxxUi. IF %\t\ti 

»ii|(eiM i»|fttt.||C^{ini|, ^» lttr<^e (efi|re»»»g kee 

SKureiilftiike, || fft«Mit %tx |ftiik(»»g iw S^aiifillarb || ^%m 

Mkem, fill @eiiklirieff kee Aiwige kaw iparttt-H gtl «» 

fdtih^^Umni ke» @ielieiikeit. || BuiR krtttew, ^» @eiikr 

iHeff kee Slareiilawige || «» Saifl eiemeiit. || ^» tor^ 

@»«iftri»ii k0» kiffew SRarmfaiiig, fri-||»S Siltfmi, k»k 

irm @itteit aw duke kifee Sn^leiM. 1[ Bn (e<^t ^ 

emklnriejf ke« »ifM« ker graffew || |liikt 3e«i{|titft» 

i» ker 9lekieit erfKwkeitw II kielt ge» Salafii in Svin^ll 


*^* 4to, //«/ if«»# aut l$co, title one leaf + eighteen unnumbered 
leaves. (PriTate Library, New York.) 

"La lettre de Peveque de Temistitan (yille de Mexico) [Juan 
Zummaraga], adressee aa chapitre des Franciscains tenu en 1532 
k Toulouse, qui se trouve jointe i cet opuscule en traduction alle- 
mande, traite de I'etat et du progres des missions dans le Nouveau- 
Monde. Le texte original se trouve aussi parmi les pieces contenues 
ii la fin de la Chronique d'Amandus." 


Tromel seems inclined to consider W[olfang] Stockel 
of Dresden as the printer of this miscellaneous collection. 
According to Santarem% Stockel exercised his trade as 
early as 1495. Falkenstein says^ "bis 15 19;" while the 
latest date ascribed to Stockel by Panzer* is 1524. 

* BihL Amir., p. 4, No. 6. This quota- ^ * Dicti^nairt hiMiagr., Vol. i, p. 396. 
tion dispoiea of Mr. A«her*t assertion as ' Geukicku der Bmekdrmck., p. 181. 
made in his catalogue for 1865, No. %%• * Ainula Tjpogr.^ Vol. xi, p. 304. 

Digitized by 


304 BibUotheca Amerkana. 

1533* 1 78« SCHONBR {j.)^Rict$ $f the first Uaf: 



bris ac cartis fumma cura & diligenda col- 
le II 6tum, accomodatum ad recenter ela- 1| 
boratum ab eodem globum de- 1| fcriptionis 

terrens.||ioACHiMi camerarii.|| 

Forte oculis clari fpectas qui fidera coeli 

In fubiectum etiam lumina flecte folum 

Non eft res indigna tua ifta cupidine lector, 

Ilia magis pulcra eft, haec quoqz pulcra tamen. 

Quid dubitas : ft de aetheria uitam trahis aura, 

Pabula fed tellus & tibi praebet iter. 

Hanc uis, quanta patet, breuibus cognofcere cartis. 

Hoc modicum luftrans perfpice lector opus. 

Nee quae funt olim nee quae modo fcripta requires 

Cunda tibi paruo plana fiitura libro. 

** Ex urbe Norica id . Novembris . Anno XXXIII'.^ 

%* 4to, sine Mnn$ nut Uc$, title one leaf -{- nineteen unnnmbered 
leaves, woodcuts of globes. 

(PriTate Library, ProTidence.) 

It is in this work that the reader will find the first 
(see supra^ page 65) of that long series of calumnies 
which have fastened on the memory of Vcspucdus the 
odious charge of having artfully inserted the words 
" Terra di Amerigo** in charts which he had otherwise 
altered. ^'Americus Vesputius maritima loca Indiae 
superioris ex Hispaniis navigio ad occidentem perlus- 

' BiUitktes Bnwmsms^ p. 17, No. 56. 

Digitized by 


Bibliofheca Americana. 305 

trans, cam partem quae superioris Indian est, credidit 1533*^ 
esse Insulam quam a suo nomine vocari instituit/' -g»s-9B-s 
Yet it is a noticeable fact that Schoner's own globe, 
made in 1520, and still preserved in the city library at 
Nuremberg, gives this name of America vel Brasilia sive 
papagalli terra to the southern part of the new continent. 
S^ caps. XX, XXI, Regiones extra Ptolem^eum^ and the 
last page for a notice ofBrazil. 

** Even in I533> the astronomer Schdner mtintained that the whole 
of the so-called New World was a part of Asia (superioris Indi«), 
and that the citv of Mexico (Temistitan) conquered by Cortes, was 
no other than tne Chinese commercial city of Quinsay, so excessively 
extolled by Marco Polo.*' 


Dirtet reftrtmees t ( Dofpilmaim, Hiu$r, Nmckr. v. Nirub, MMtJkmsiicii^ page 50. 
i HoiiBOLOT, Examem Crieifut^ Vol. t, page 171. 
I Saiitakbm , Vttfuet, 
Caiml. Bihliotk, Bmiuv.^ Vol. ii, page 30. 

179. APIANUS (PRTRRy—Abovi J vigHttti of n mounted gi$bi : 

COSMOGRAPHI- 1| cvs liber petri apiAni ma- || thema- 
tici, iam denuo integritati reftitutus || per Gemmam Phrylium. || 
Item eiufdem Gemmae Phryfii Libellus de Locorum de- 1| fcriben- 
dorum ratione, & de eorum disftantiis in- 1| ueniendis, nunq' ante 
hac vifus. || Vaeneut Antuerpie fub fcuto Baiiliefi p' Gregoriu 
Bontiu. II 

Colophon ' 

loan. Grapheus typis cudebat Antuerpiae, || Anno M.D. 
XXXIII. II menfe Febr. || 

[^^ Veneunt in pingui Gallina per Arnoldum Birckman.'"] 

*«* 4to, sixty-six numbered leaves. 

(Private Library, Paris.) 

Sec recto of leaf 34, and verso of 51. 

• JComos^ Bntw. t, pkyt. Welthtukr, * " P. Apiani Introduetio Gtograpkics f 
Vol. II, p. 613 of Englitb translation. Ingoltt., 1533, 410." {Bibliotheca Hebe- 

• Maittaikk, Aumales Tyfogr ^Yo\, 11, riana^ Part r, No. 5398), we think iden- 
Part II, p. 786, tical with our No. 149. 


Digitized by 


3o6 BHiiotkeca Amerkana. 

'533* 180. /D^jf OPW-" Frib. Biiig.y Paris^ ^S33^ +^-' 

^mammmmm (OftAnu.) 

18 1. ^^ Marine! Siculi. Opus de rebus Hifpanue 
memorabilibus. Compluti, 15339 folio/* 

182. WSM^^* Ohm de las coias memorables de 
Efpafia. Alcala,.Eguia, 1533. fol. — Gothic Letter." 


183. Lojr/T^-" Henrici Gla || reani Helvetii, Poetae 
Lav- II reatiy de Geographia Li- 1| ber vnvs, ab ipib 
Av- II thore iam tertio || recognitvs. || Apvd Fribvrgym 
Brif'Wgoiae, An. M.D.XXXin.||[a/<jpA^»] Apvd Fri- 
bvrgvm Brisgoicvm || Anno M.D.XXXIIL || Excvde- 
bat loannes Faber || Emmevs Ivliacensis || ^S fi^i^ 
leaves ; and one with woodcut on the reverse. 4to/* 

{Bimrksl Ntgg^) 

1 ro^* l84» WEM orus^** De Geographia, woodcut dia- 
mmmmmmmmm grams. With xylogropbic tHscriptioMS. Svo. Venetiis, J. 
A, de SabiOy ^534-" 

(Ubii CMtalogiM«.) 

' Part II, No. 3619. ** Tenuttx mentiont (No. 44) under the 

* Dicthnary^ No. 131139 and BiMt- date of 1534: '^ ^ovua orbit regionam ac 
iAtca HeherismSf Part i, No. 4681. intnlanim veteribua incognitammy BstUtm, 

* No. ii47> ^<i Maittaikk, AHnsltt In-fbL Dcuziteie edition,** which we 
Tyfoir.^ Vol. n, Part n, p. 786 ; Paw- think to be only the following German 
sxRy jAmsies Tyf0grsfkici sh ttrtit invemut translation (No. 1 88)^ with a tide botrowed 
trMm^ Vol. tii, p. 60. ibr the BiUiotUfm Amh-iesht fiom the 

* For 1861, No. A78. edition of 153A. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. ycrj 

185* nuUfCa or B0UtONA—Rtet$ $/ tbt first Urf: 1^34* 

LA LETERA II Mandata dal R. Padre 
frate Francefco da 60 || logna, da Lindia, 
ouer noua Spagna: & dalla|| Citti di Mex- 
ico al. R. P. frate Clemete da Mo || nelia, 
Miniftro della Prouinda di Bologna, ||& i 
tutti li Veneridi padri di eiTa prouin || da 
Tradotta in vulgare da vno frate || dil pre- 
fato ordine de minori d*ofier||uanza. Done 
fi narra la moldtu- 1| dine de le perfone 
die fono co || uertite & die fi conuertano|| 
alia fede, & il grande pre || fente die li 
hanno md/ 1| dato al noftro Papa || Paulo 
terzo, la qualita dell' aere di detto mon/|| 
do nouo, la gradezza del paefe, Toro, 
I'argeto, || e pietre predofe, la bota delle 
acque, i coftumi||del vino, di mond, bofchi, 
animali, & gri || de abondanda di for- 
mento, & altn || grani. La qualitS de gli 
huomi II ni & done, gli eflerddi, la || fede, 
la niina de loro || Idoli, & modi || die 
tenea || no prima, & altre infinite cofe 
piace II uole da intendere. ||* 

€ In Veneda per Paulo Danza. || 

* jtmlUit Lctwr fiom the RcTocad to tlttReTanid Father demeiit of Mom- 
Father Fraoda of Bolofna, witetcn (nm Vm, Sapoior of th« Prarince of Bologoa, 
the vtlf of Mtiko ia Indb or New Spaia, and to all the rereread latben of that 

Digitized by 



BibUotheca Amerkana. 

I C^^ *^ 4to, smi ann$ snt l$c$, title one ietf -f six aimiiinbered lesret, 
^^^^^^ + one blank. 

^^^^^ (Priratc Libraiy, Mew york.) 

We place the present work under the date of 104, 
on the authority of the following notice, which we bor- 
row from Orlandi' : 

"Francefco All^ Minore Oflervante di S. Fnmcitco. Copia di 
lettera cavata dall' originale, fcritta dal Mefico Panno 1554 .ai foo 
fratelli, e madre. Zani, ml Gini$ Fagsnte, p. 4, fol. 87/' 

According to Panzer*, Paul Danza printed between 
theyears 1526 and 1534. 

Temaux' published a translation into French of this 
interesting Letter. 

Dirtet rtftrtmct t Rich, Sgppiememif page i. 

l86» PSTER OF GANl>^Recto $f the first lisf: 

CHRONICA II coMPENDiosissiMA AB || exofdio mundi vfqz ad 
annum Domini || Milleiimum, quingentefimu trigefimu || quar- 
tum : per venenuidum patrem. F. || Amandum Zierixeenfem, 
ordinis Fra || trum MinoHi, reeularis obferuan- 1| tiae, virum in 
Diuinis & huma || nis rebus peritiiBmum. ^ Eivsdem tractatvs 
D£ U feptuaginta hebdomadibus Danielis. || Adiectae svnt epis- 
TO II lae duae quae Chriftiani regis Aethopiae, Dauidis, ad || Clemen- 
tern feptimum, Rhomanum pontificem, jj anno Domini 1533 
deftinatae, cii articulis quibuf||dam de fide & moribus Aethi- 
opum Chriftiano- || rum. ^ Alias quoqz tres epiftolae, ex noua 
maris || Oceani Hifpania ad nos tranfmiflae, de frudu || mirabili 
illic fureentis nouae Ecclefiae, || ex quibus animus Chriftianus I 
merito debeat laetari. || 

^ Antuerpiae apud Simonem Cocum. Anno Do- H mini. 
M.CCCCC.XXXIIII. Menfe Maio. 11 

proTince. TnntUted ioto the vernacular 
language by a brother of the said minor 
order of Observance. Herein is shown the 
great number of persons converted to the 
fiuthy the great present sent to our Pope, 
Paul III} the greatness of the country; the 
gold, silver, precioas stones j the good qual- 
ity of the waters \ the customs, wine, 
mountains, woods, animalu ; the great 

quantity of wheat and other grains} the 
constitution of the men and women ; the 
armies, religion, destruction of their idob 
and former worship, and many other things 
very well worth knovnng. 

* Nnhue degli tcrimri Boltgnesi^ p. 117. 

• jtutuda Typogr,^ Vol. xi, p. 131. 

' Ricmeil Jet pUea rtUtthfes i la CMifmitt 
im Mtxifmt^ 1838, pp. 005-121. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 



f Symon Coquus Antuerpianus, morans H in vico vulgariter, 
nuncupate Die Lorn- ||baerde vefte, eregione Manus deaura- 1| 
tx^ excudebat. Anno Domini, M. || CCCCC.XXXIIIL Menfe 
Maio. II* 

%* Sm. 8yo$ eight unnumbered leaves 4* 01^^ hundred and twenty- 
eight numbered leaves. 

(PriTate Librar., New York and OwPa Head.) 

"Amandus, 8umomm6 (says Trdmel) de Zierikzee, de sa ville 
natale dans File de Schouwen'» etait un religieux franciscain du com- 
mencement du XVI* siecle, qui, comme provincial de son ordre, con- 
tribua beaucoup \ Tamelioration des monasteres dans les Pays-Bas. 
Par la suite il devint professeur de ch6ologie ^ Louvain o^ il mourut 
ie 8 juin 1534*. Ce qui nous int6re8se le plus dans sa Chronique, 
que nous avons sous les yeux, ce sont les lettres 6crite8 par differents 
religieux r^sidant au Mexique, qui s'y trouvent jointes et qui traitent 
du progr^s des missions catholiques dans ce pays. Aucun biblio- 
graphe n'en fait mention et nous ne trouvons nulle part une citation 
de ces lettres, qui ne sont pas sans int^ret.'* 

Among the letters mentioned, there is one by Peter 
of Gand, alias De Mura, dated June 27th, 1529, which 
has been translated into French by Ternaux^ from 
whom we borrow the following note : 

<« Frere Martin de Valence s'exprime ainsi au sujet de ce religieux 
[De Mura] dans une lettre addressee au reverend pere Matthias 
Weynssen, general de son ordre, en date de 1531 : " Au nombre des 
freres erudits dans la langue des Indiens, est un lalque nomme Pierre 
de Gand, il s'exprime dans cette langue avec beaucoup d'eloquence, 
et instruit avec le plus grand soin plus de six cents enfants. C'est lui 
qui a la direction des choeurs dans les jours de fete. II marie avec les 
plas grandes solennit^s aux Indiens qui leur sont destin^ pour 6poux 


* Anglici : Very compendtona chronicle 
beginning with the creation of the world, 
down to the year of our Lord, 1 534, by the 
Rev. Father F. Amandos ZierikMC, of the 
order of St. Franda, of the regular observ- 
ance, a moat learned man in divine and 
human matters. The treadtes of the same 
on the seventy weeks of Daniel. There 
has been added two letters of the Christian 
King of Ethiopia, David, addressed to the 
Roman Pope Clement VII, in the year 
1533, together with some items concern- 
ing the creed and customs of the Christian 
E^iiopians. Also, three other letters ad- 

dressed to us from New Spain in the Ocean, 
concerning the wonderful development of 
the new church which is springing up 
there, and must justly rejoice the human 

Antwerp, by Simon Cocus, A. D. 1533, 
in the month of May. 

* Db Wihd, NeJtrL GeseAriJ,^ p. 134. 
V. HxussBM, OhM. v. Zeel^d^ Vol. 11, 

* FoprxNs, Bihiiotkeca BtlgicM^ Yd. I, 

p. 48. 

' Recueil da pika reiatives i la Comfuhe 
dm MexifiUt '^S'* PP* 193-^03. 

Digitized by 


jio BiiBttheca Amtrieans. 

\K%Am let jeunes fille* chridenne* bien initniitet. LlmpAatriee notre 
-gZZ^^ jouveriine, a tavoyi d'Etpagne uz re»pectable* et Mvaote* relipeues 
pour £lever ces jeune* fillu." 

Dirtcl r^tmcut T Miotu, BURttluf HIitiHts, ToL i. Pan I, ft* 9'- 
i SwuTiui, jUkt Mj^4t, — ^ 
I T>«Mt^ No. S. 
BiUkUtf Btrltwisws, — ^ 
Nijboff Cuilofae, No. >4, 7. 

187* BOKDONS (B.)—WitbiM * miit tnutmtnui itrieri 


Nel qual £1 n^ona di tutte Tlfole del 
mon/ II dO) con u lor nomi antichi & mo- 
demi, || hiftorie, fauole, & modi del loro 
vi||uere, & in qual parte del ma||re ftanno 
& in qual pa || rallelo & clima || giadono. || 
Con la gionta del Monte del Oro || noua- 
mente ritrouato. || con il brbvb dbl papa. || 
Et gratia & priuilegio della Illuftrifll || ma 
Signoria di Venetia co/ 1| me in quelli ap- 
pare. || Jk ||MDXXXIIII. || 


Imprefle in Venegia per Nicolo d'Arif- 
totile, detto Zoppino, nel mefe||di Giugno, 
del. M.D.XXXIIII. n 

*^ Folio, title one leaf 4* nine preliminaiy letret, containing 
three double maps 4* serentj-foor numbered leaves* 

(Pri?ate Ubnr., PtoTidciicc and WatUngtoa city.) 

On page lo there is a plan of the city of Mexico 
before the conquest. 


tHrut rtftrtmeet: ( PAMtxR, Aimsiu Tfftgr^ Vol. Tm, page 541. 
CLtMBNTy BibliHlifae Otriemit^ YoL ▼, page 91. 
Haym, Bih/itas luUisms^ Vol. it, page 103. 
BMinUcd Bnmmismm^ page iS, No. 61. 

Digitized by 


BUBotheca Amerkana. 311 

1 8 8* BUTTICB'ORrNjaUS-EERR^RMi $f tbi fast Usf: 1534* 

2)lc SletH" melt iier limli- 

era iiR 9Ueker- 1| gragli^ra SHeer lerfwikni. @ftwit ken 
ftttra Mik gelreii^eii ler ^iiMiira krallniMer. 9(i4 
litd <tatter «ler Strra wm tei^ iiira fiMiraimk iwill 
wtfere Smikt Irt^ |ti. S^iel) fiiikt «tiit nt^ |ie Ira 
Mr^mMg wik 11 i(t|erfMiiiiira %n 9ftrarail|leit 9uM%s 
fira eiMer ler fitt- |i iefmteit »e(tial0 It feiiil lie 
Xtrttra I SRnfeiititra r || fteiffra || frrajfra i ^wigera i 
9>f4(«fe«. ete. || iui# tusei^ginig mil imilttt lij^ imti- 1| 
geneitra %\tk%, \\ 

ielraft )i 9^Hx% Nr^ Oeitgra 8(?i#er || Mil 
ftalU I Ml irter^eleiilra ttg leS 9)lt¥#ra«. fbi. J)II.B. 


*^* Folio, title one leaf -^ five annumbered preliminary leaves + 
two hundred numbered leaves (last through mistake numbered 
242); printer's mark on verso of the last. Two columns, 
very small black letter ; no map. 

(PriTite Libr., Providence and Wuhington city.) 

German translation by Michel Herr of Huttich's 
Navus Orbis (No. 170). 

Travels of Columbus, Pages 2^37. 

" •* Vespuccius, '« 4i-45> 49-57. 

«« First edition'' (Kloss*.) 

* Catalogue, page 31a, No. 43^99 ^^^ merout marginal notes, very neatly wih- 
•cribet << Melancdion*a copy* with nu* ten.** 

Digitized by 


312 BibUotheca Ameruana. 

I C O A* ^'>«c/ fftrttuu t ( Catsl. BiMotA, Brnmav,, VoL n, page 44. 
^"^^ J Cgtsl. Biblhtk, Tkerwamm^ Vol. ill, page 166. 

^B^^ammia | Bihlitkeea GrenfillismSf |Mige 498. 

Bik/iatJUcd Brtwuisus^ page 18, No. 62. 
Historica/ Nt/ggets^ No. 2018. 
Rich, No. 9. 
Tbrnaoz, No. 45. 
TftoMSL, No. 7. 

BftUNKT, Vol. lY, col. I3A. 

189. RADIAN (JOACB)^Rict$ of tbi first lirf: 

AFRicAE ET EVRopAE coMpENDiARiAM LO- 1| corum dcfcriptionem con- 
tinens praecipu autem || quorum in A£Us Lucas, paiEm autem 
Euan- II geliftae & Apoftoli meminere. || cvm addito in fronte 
LIBRI ELENCHO || regionum, urbium, amnium, infularu, quorum 
No II uo teftamento fit mentio, quo expeditius pius Lector qux 
uelit, meminere queat. || per ioachimvm vadianvm mbdicvm. | 


%* Folio, title one leaf, -f- eight preliminary pages, 4- index in 
thirty pages -|- two hundred and seventy-three numbered pages for 
text. Mappamund, with the word AMERICA inscribed. 

(PriTtte Library, New York.) 

Joachim Vadianus, or von Watte, was born of an 
aristocratic family at St. Gall in Switzerland, Nov. 29th, 
1484*. In our short sketch of this honest and learned 
man {supra^ page 161), we forgot to state that after 
having been a great duelist in his youth, he turned his 
attention towards the sciences, and soon acquired great 
reputation, not only as a theologian, a geographer, a 
mathematician and a physician, but also as a poet, for 
he received the laurel wreath which the Emperor was 
wont to award to the greatest poetical genius in his 
dominions^ We describe, infra^ another work of Va- 
dianus, which contains passages bearing on the subject 
before us. 

* NicuoM, JUhminSf VoL xxxvii, p. 17. ' Tbimiu, EUgUf Vol. i, p. 4a. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 313 

Panzer' describes what would seem two editions of 1534* 
the abo ve, both published in 1 534, one in 8 vo, the other ssbsbmb 
in folio ; yet the title of the 8vo is the only one which 
corresponds entirely to our folio. We describe {infra) 
an 8vo edition, but it is dated Antwerp, 1535, instead 
of Zurich, 1534. Draudius* cites another 8vo edition, 
also printed at Antwerp, and in 1548, with additions. 

See cap. insvlae oc£ani precipvae, on page 267. 

Direct rtfirtuces : i MMTTAitB, AnnaUs Tyfogr,, Vol. II, Part i, page 384 (contains 
-j also valuable details concerning Froschover and his publications.) 
I ludicti Libr, Prokih, (Madrid, fol., 1667), page 557. 
Cata/, Bihli9t. Bunav.^ Vol. 11, page 31. 
Napionb, Del Prime Scopritere^ page 78. 
BiklioiAeea Heheriaua^ Part T, No. 53887 

190. PRTRR MARTTR ^ OFIRDO—Recto of the first leaf: 

L'lN II DIE OC II CIDEN || TALI || jj^ \\ 

Verso of the same : 


Recfo of the first leaf of the second part : 

CIDEN II TALI II jj^ II MDXXXIIII. || Con gratia & 
priuilegio. ||* 

• Amnslet Typegr.^ Vol. Till, p. 313, His Majesty the Emperor, and from many 

Not. 61 and 63. other private accounts. 

« Biblietkeea C/auiea^ p. 786. Second book of the West Indies, 1534, 

« Augliee : First book of the history of with grace and privilege, 

the West Indies. Summary of the General and Natural 

Summary of the general history of the History of West India, composed by Gon- 

West Indies, taken from the work written salvo, Ferdinand de Oviedo, alias de Val- 

by Don Peter Martyr, of the Council of des, a native of the country of Madrid, 


Digitized by 



Bibliotheca JmeruoMo. 

1 5 34.* rersi $ftbe ssm : 

ERAL HISTOIIiia de Tlndie occidentali, compoftt 
da Gonzalo ferdi- 1| nando del Ouiedo, altrimend di 
valde, natio de || la terra di M adril : habitatore & 
rettore de || la citta di ianta Maria antica del Darien, || 
in terra ferma de Tindie : il qual fir riue || duto & cor- 
retto per ordine de la Maefta del Imperadore, pelo 
fiio II real configlio, de le dette In || die. & tradotto di 
lingua caftigliana in Italia- 1| na. Co priuil^o || de la 
lUuftriin II Signoria di Vinegia, || per afli XX. || 

Rf<t0 9f the first leaf if the third psrt: 



CInVinegia, Del mered'Ottobre.||MDXXXIIIL||t 

%* 4to, title one leaf + serenty-nme nmnbered ieavet -f one blank 
+ one title-letf 4- tiz^-fonr leaves + one leaf for tMv$U + 
one leaf giving a description of the two maps + one title-leaf 
4- fifteen nnnambered leaves. Text in Roman characters. 
Between the first and second paru, a folded sup of " D$U 
Spagnvoia.** On vcrio of fol. 48, recto of 49, and verso of 
ca in part second, large woodcau. Finally a v^j large map 
bearing the following inscription : 

iahabitint and gorernor of the oU dty of 
Santa-Maria del Darien, on the mainland 
of tbe Indies; revised and co rrecte d faj 
order of His Majesty the Emperor, throng h 
Im Royal council of the said Indies, and 
translated from the Spanbh into Italian, 
with the privilege of the innstrions Seig- 
niory of Venice lor twenty years. 

Last book of the summary of West 
India, 1534. 

Venice, October, 1534. 

t Haym, Bihiiteed ludumm^ Vol. I, p. 
176, No. 10, ascribes the date (probably a 
mbtake hj the printer) of 1543 to this 
title, to which he adds: ** A fuitf likn 

gfi trmdhi fsmm Mguirt Is mrim dd F, 
GiaMpf di S. Teresm fmi mif rifirits.*' 

• •« Aa Boabra 4« tramdlki iapoftaMM nr to 
mnmikm mrtw de la < Kw » wu 4m terns aai^ 
rkalsM, U ftat placer iaa« MAatloa c«Be qel a M 
Ml* U y a peaietraip* itia BlhUotMvn lapMik 
4cParii«cm8rai<l«tepraea«itilgMkr. je 
vcojt paikr Id d« la piMmm caita de Brirfl «c 
4*oae parik d« 1* AlHqee, coaMralu ca roaotee] 
i5S4t par OB Pofftogab portant te Booi d« Oa 
ViBioVa. Mr. It CapiiaiM d« Mgtte ^ 
qei a M chani par la g o unr e ca iaa t I 
coatiaiwr en let pcrfcc tlen naB l Im t 

l*AflUral Roa«ia, a M imtirtim com 
rexacdtada coaMntive 4*na paicU 

r«i ai paitf da race 4aM Btt i«- 

M i6ii l^4♦5]. ^Bla aow a« 

aeaiftfa par It lanuK Mr. Coftaakeit.** 


Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 315 

''M.D.XXXIIII. Del mese di Dlcembre. || La caru unhiersale 1534* 
della terra ferma & Isole delle Indie occidetali, cio h del mon || do a^^H^HHHi 
nuouo fatta per dichiaratione delli li- || bri delle Indie, cauata da due 
carte da' na- 1| uicare fatte in Sibilia da li piloti della || Maiesta Ce- 
sarea. || Con gratia tc priuilegio dellt Illustrissi il ma Signoria di Vene- 
tit p' anni XX.'" II 

(PriTate Libr.y New York, ProTidence and Hanrard Coll. Libr.) 

Dirtrt nftrttuett C Paicssr, Aumslet Tjftgr,, YoL TUI, page 541, No. 1773. 
i Rich, No. 10. 
I Teanavx, No. 43. 
STKVBNty Hitfricsi Nrnggtu^ Yol. ll» No. 1 808. 
Libri Catalogue for 1859, page 13, No. 93. 
• Bikiitiktes Br§wuismm^ page 18, No. 60. 

191* ANONrUOUS— Beginning $f tbi first Urf: 

LETERA DE LA || nobil cipta : noua- 
mente ritrouata alle In-||die con li cof- 
tumi & modi del fuo Re &||foi populi: 
Li modi del fuo adorare con la || bella 
vfanza de le donne loro : & de le dua || 
perfonc ermafrodite donate da quel Re- 
al II Capitano de larmata. || 

In fine: 

EL V. S. V, Al Suo, D. L, S. 

Data in Peru adu XXV, de Nouembre, 


%* Octavo for shape, four unnumbered leaves, printed in italics. 

(PriTate Libr., New York and Providence.) 

The present is eYidently a modern reprint, to which 
the Historical Nugget:^ prefixes the query whether it 
might not have been printed at Milan in 1830; but of 
the original of this plaquette, we can find no traces. 

' See Maftecm C^mmhidna^ p. a, No. 6. * Yol. ii, p. 467, No, 1689. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americans. 

' 53+^ ^^ describe {infra) under the date of 1535, a plaqucttc, 
BBHHiM similar as to the text, but which is only a fac-simile 
made by the elder Harris from an original in the British 
Museum. The latter is dated ^^ Zhaual. Adi. xxv. di 
Settmbre. M.D.XXXVr Under the date of 1539, we 
describe another, but evidently an original, bearing the 
date {sine loco) of ''xxx di Settembre, M.D,XXXIXr 

As to the substance of this mysterious Italian pla- 
quette, we can only cite Ternaux'. 

*' Description d'une ville que Tauteur nomme Zhaval. La relation 
est si obscure qu'on ne peut deviner dans quelle partie de rAm^que 
I'auteur la place, d'autant plus que le r6cit parait plein d'exageration^.** 

The nearest approach to such a name we could find 
is Zavalitay a settlement of the province of Antioquia, 
in the Nuevo R^no de Granada, mentioned in Alc^o's 

192. MAXIMILLIAN OF TR. AT PIOjtFETTjt^^^ l\ Viag- 

gio fatto dagli Spagnuoli atorno al mondo. Ventfe^ 
1534 in 4to. (non i $36 fans lieu).*' 

{Lhnts OtrrrMur*.) 

The only work bearine this title we know of is the 
translation into Italian of Maximillian of Transylvania's 
Letter to the Abp. of Saltzburg (Nos. 123 and 124), 
and of Pigafetta's account (No. 134), both describing 
Magellan's voyage, and supposed to have been putn 
lished at Venice in 1536 {infra). The above is the 
only notice which we could find of an Italian version 
mentioning the locality. 

* Bihiiotkiftu jtmericaine, p. 9, No. 4.%. 

* The hct that the pUquette was pob- 
Ikhed MTeral timet is not an argument in 
fiiTor of the authenticity of the circum> 
stances related therein. The *' Moon 
hoaiy** in our own country, went through 

several large editions, and we know thai 
in Italy, in the sixteenth century, the 
demand for news from the new world, 
whether real or imaginary, remained mm- 
abated for a number of years. 
* Page 29, No. 143. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 317 

193. ANONrMOUS^Ricto 0/ tbi first ieaf: ^534* 

PREFETTO DEL II la India la nuoua 
Spagna detta, alia Cefarea Maefla re- 
fcritte. II 

%* Sm. 4to, for lizc, situ anno Mut loco, two letret; text in 
Roman characters. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

Francisco Pizarro, the most cruel of those rapacious 
adventurers who have rendered the name of Spain for- 
ever odious throughout the southern part of this con- 
tinent, which they ravaged, decimated and deluged with 
blood, was born near Truxillo, in Spain, toward the 
years 1475 {Garcilasso de la f^ega^), 1478 {Heirera*), or 
1 47 1 (Pizarro^ y Orellana^ Prescotf^), and was killed at 
Cuzco in Peru, June 26th, 1541. He was an illegiti- 
mate child, who had been abandoned, and would have 
perished, had he not been nursed by a sow'. While yet 
a lad he looked after his father's swine, or served with 

' Historia General del Peru^ trots d$ m 
detembrimieutp y como I9 gansren let EtpaM' 
elet, latgiterrsi etvilet qtu Jkuve emtre PmoT' 
rety Almagret sehre la partija it la tierra^ 
cauige y levantamiente de tyranos^ y otres 
u$cces9s farticulares out en la Jkitteria se ceu' 
tiemeHf escrite per el Tnea Garcilate de la 
Vegai Cordova, fol.» 1617 ; 8 + 300 + 6 11. 

This u only the second part. The first is : 

Primera parte de lot Cemmentariot BeaUt^ 
fve tratan del erigeit de lot Yncat^ Reyet 
fve fveren del Perv^ de rv Jd»latria^ Leyet 
y geuierne en pamy en gnerra f de tus vidat 
y ceuquittat^y de todo h que fue aquel Im» 
per toy at Repuhliea^ antes que lot EspagMolet 
pattaran a eli Lubon, fbl., 1609 (coloph. 
dated 1608); ii + 164 11. (Priv. Libr., 
N. Y. and Provid.) 

* Hiu, General f Decad. yt, lib. 10, 
•ap. 6. 

' Varouet Illuttret del Ifuevo Mundof 

Madrid, fbl., 163^. (The author was a 
grandson of Francisco Pisarro*s daughter.) 

* History of tie Conquest 0/ Peru, VoL l» 
cap. II. 

* Primera y Secunda parte de la Historia 
general de las Indias, eon todo el descubri- 
mientoy eosas notables que kan aeaecido dende 
que se gauaron hasta el alto de 1551^ ron la 
conquitta de Mexico y de la Nueva EspaMaf 
Saragossa, fol., by A. Millan, 1553 (nearly 
all notices of this edition state "1551- 
'5S3")j i»» + 140 U., map {Bihliotk, 
Browniana, second part. No. 97) j id., 
Medina del CampOyfol., 1553^ iia + 139 
11.$ fi/., Saragossa, fbl., 1554. (The first 
part by P. Bmhuz, the second, by Millan. 
— Private Libr., N. Y.) As to the 8vo 
editions published at Antwerp by Steelsio» 
Nucio and Belloro, in 1554, we confide 
their description to the patient investiga- 
tions of our continuators. 

Digitized by 




BibBotheca AmericmiM. 

him in the Italian wars. The story is, that having lost 
B one of the herd, he dared not return home, and joined 
at Seville some expedition to the New World, Pizarro 
y Orellana states tnat he served under Columbus. We 
first hear of him in connection with Ojeda's expedition 
in 1 510. His deeds under Pedro Arias and with Diego 
de Almagro {supra, page 245) have been related by 
Xeres^ and Augustin de Zarate^ As to the bloody 
expedition whicn commenced in January, 1531, when the 
piratical flotilla of Francisco Pizarro sallied forth from 
the Bay of Panama to carry fire and sword on both slopes 
of the Andes, the chief historians to consult are, besides 
those already mentioned, Pedro de Cie^a de Leon*, 

* VtrdrnderM rtlseiom d$ U c^mfmista dtl 
Feruf SeviUe, fbl., 1534 {infra) i id^ 
Stlamanca, foL 1 547. 

* Hisioria del detcukrimient9 j fHfmitta 
del PerUf fn Uu c$ssi uatmrslet pu uisiad" 
wunte silt u AsUsm^j ht puet»$n fue km 
svidt; Antweip, lomo, 1 55 St 8+173 11. { 
i/, Seville, fbl., 1577, 4 + 117 + 3 IL 
(Priv. Libr., Provid.) 

' Parte Prhmera || Dela tkr»Mita del Perm, 
Hge traeta la demarea- 1| ehn de fue premiu" 
eiat : la defcriftien dellat. Las W/undachaes 
de la* nueuat tiudades. Las ritosj || ^nar- 
kres de les Indies. T etras eefas efiraMas H 
dignas defer fabidas. Fee km por Pedre Jr 
Oe^a l| de Leen venine de Sen ilia, H 1 5 (3. H 
Colopnon : Impr^a em Senilla tn eafa de 
Martin || de Mentefdeea, jtcahefe a fuinme 
de II Aiarp de milly fuinientes yJH einfmemta 
9 tres aHs. 


— £« Ckreniea || del Perv, N^^eva* H 
memte eserita^ per \\ Pedre de Gefa le 
Leen^ jj ve%ine de Se^ uilla. H En Anvers U 
en eafa de Martin Nucie^ g M.D.LIIII. || 

\*tro, 8 + ao4U. 

— Parte Primera ^De la ekre J niea del 
Perm fme traeta de la demetreaciem de sms 
premimiaSf la deseripeien || dellas^ las fun- 
daeienes de las nmemas eimdades^ l9s\\ rites j 
eestmmkru de les Indies^ y etras ee || sas 
estraMaSf dignas de ser sahidas || Heeia por 
Pedre de Oecd | de Leem, venine |j if &- 
milla. g . . . . £« Anvers jj Per J mam Bel- 
Ure i la emse»a del }ji Smlmsem . 1554. 

%»8to,8 + i8s + 9. Map. 

— Priwsera Parte de la Ckremica del Perm 
, . , . Em Amvers em easa de J mam Steetsh, 
1 554. (Title arranged in all retpecti, asd 
collation the same, as Belloro*s ^t.) 

The firtt three, in a private Libr. Prov- 
idence) all ibor in a private Libr. New 

We vouch hr no other original Spanish 

This valuable historian had the inten- 
tion, when he published the first part of 
his History, to write two additional ports, 
the contents of several books of which he 
gives in the original edition. Liow Ptntto 
does not seem to have been aware of the 
existence of the remaining parts, since he 
only says: **Si acabira otras tres partes, 
^ne prometi6, fueran de mocha estima- 
don** {BpiiMm, p. 84). Bamia adds (CoL 
649) **porque la primera tiene, i deber 
tener tanta, como pondera el P. Mslemdems 
Teseres Flerdaderes de las Imdiat^ lih. 3, 
tap, 8, donde dice, qne aim esta no se halk 
en el Peru{** while Antomio (^f^. H. 
Neva^ Vol. if, p. 184) only expresses his 
regrets. RoBxaTsow considered these MS. 
parts as lost, while Paxscorr Hist, ef the 
Cenq. ef Perm, Vol. ii, p. 328) thought 
they had never been written. Rich {BiU. 
Anseriea Vetms^ p. 8, No. 14) was the fine 
to state that *<The 11. and in. parts in 
MSS. were seen in Madrid some years ago» 
but it is not known what became of them." 
Whoi this most honest and trustwofthy 

Digitized by 


BibBoihica AmerkmiM. 319 

Levinius ApoUonius^, Diqgo Fernandez^ Benzoni", 1534* 
Pedro Pizarro", Miguel Cavello Balboa", Fernando oanH^Hi 
Montesinos'*, J. de Arrij^'', Jose dc Acosta'*, Juan 
de Velasco'^, the poem of Ercilla", the two valuable 
accounts in Ramusio'^ so often* quoted, the books xlvi 
and XLVii in Oviedo^, and the third and fourth Decades 

bibliopole oflered for tale the coUcction of 
MSS^ comprising the copies and originals 
collected \pf Antonio de Ugoina and Lord 
Kingsbofoogh, the tkird part of CSe^a^b 
work was feond among them, and par- 
chased hj a bibliophile in this dty, who 
has it still in hb possession. This third 
part bears the following title : 

Tnxif Iihr$ de Ism Gmerrss CiviUs deJ 
Ptrm ii fuml u Usms is gmrrm it Mf. 
H*€k» fsr Pidrt i* CUms de Le^m t Ctn- 
mitts dt ist Imdist, 

Folio, 424 leaves. 

As to the teend part. It k ytt misshig. 
What 'is called in the Italian version 
(Venice, Jvo, 1 564-1 s66)Ls Stfmds fsm 
and is Terns psrte, n only a translation 
from GoMAaA. 

* de Pertmiit^ Megitnit^ inter Neni erhig 
pr§mineist eeieberriwue^ iusentieme t Cf rehu 
nv esdem geuity Libri V, Ad Istekvm Cls" 
rtvtivm Msldegkemmm sc Pitttmise D§mi' 
mum, Bremis^ exsetsfue Nomi Orhii^ Cf 
PtrMsiit reiiemit ekeregrspkis i Antwerp, 
8vo, 1566 (generally considered the fint 
edition, bnt Rich (No. 44) and TsaMAOZ 
(No. 97), mention a iimo edition of 
I565).« The edition of 1567 is only the 
present with a new title-page. 

** Priwursy Stgunds fsrtt^ de is kitfris 
del Perm, Otmtiene is printers^ it taeeedide 
em is Nmevs RtfsMmy eu ei Perm^ mkre is 
eteeemeiom de ist muever ityet f f ei slisms' 
mtieute^ y esttig§t fme kime ei Preudente 
GsseSf it Oenfsle Pifsrre y tms stfusees. 
Ls Segumds eemtieae is ttrsmnisy sifsmiemts 
de let cemtreroty den Sehsstisn de Csttiiie, 
Sec I Seville, fU., 1571* 

» Ls HittoHs dti Mendt Nveve, Ls 
fvsl trsits deil* Iteie tt Msri nntnsmente 
ritreusti^ Cf deiie nnens Gttd ds iui freprie 
^ednte^ per scfms ^ per terrs insmtiterdeci 
smmif Venice, 8vo, 1565$ //, 8vo, 1571. 
** Reiscien dei detenkrimiente y eenpiists 
V let Reynes del Perm y dei Govieme y 
tsrden fne let NstmrsUs tenisn y teueres 

fu en ellet te kstteareny de imt demmt tetst 
pie en el sn tsktedide kstts eidisde tn/eeks, 
Heekeper Pedre Pifsrre eenpiistsder y fek^ 
isder dettet Scket Reynet y varnw de Is 
' ' ' ' ' inips, ' 

eindsd de Aregnips^ A»t' 1571. MS. 
Private Libr., Boston. We think that it 
has been printed in the Navarrete-Salva- 
Sains Ctleecien de dtemmemtet, 

*' Hitfire dm Pertm^ in TstMAox' tbt- 
eneiii Paris, 1840. 

** Mhmeiret tmr tsneien Pirem^ in Tta- 
WAvx, in, eii. Onr readers are aware that 
there are two works by this author, vns. 1 
Memerist Antignst Hitfrislet del Pem^ 
and the Anslet, TsaMAVX has given only 
the former There is a transcript of both, 
in the original Spanish, in a private library, 

>• Bjrtirpseiende Is idelstrisde let Indies 
dei Permy mediespsrs is etmvenien de ellet f 
Lima, 4to, 1611. 

** Hitteris nsinrsl y mersl de Ism Jndist | 
Seville, 410, 1590. (See tnprs^ p. 240, 
neet 10. 

'* Hitfire ds Reysmme de Hjiite^ in Tta- 
iiAvx*s Reeneii. A comparatively modem 
work, bat written on the authority of valu- 
able nunuscript sources, such as Alfonso 
Palomino, Fa. Maeco ox Nissa, Alonso 


" Ls Arsnesnsf Madrid, 8vo, 1569 
(firK part); id,, 1578 (second part); id,, 
1 590 (third part) ; Salamanca, 8vo, 1 597 
(fourth and fifth parts). 

** Di vir espitsne Spsgnmele Reistiene 
del diteeprimiente 9f cenfnists del Perm, 
fstts ds Frsmeitce Pimmsrro Cf ds Her' 
msnde Pimasrre trnfrstelle, 

— Di vn Seeretsire di Frsncitee Piu' 
nsrre, Reistiene dels cenfnists fstts dells 
prenineis del Peril, detts dipdi is Nnens 
Csstigiist ten is deurittiene deils grmn Cittk 
dei Oueke, In the Rseeeits, YoL ixi, 
fbl. 37i,jf. 

•• Histeria Genersl, only in Vol. IT of 
the Madrid edition, foL, 1855. 

Digitized by 


320 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1534* of Herrera. The manuscript sources", however, still 
HMHBH> present a mass of valuable materials, which no student 
of the history of Peru should overlook. 

Independently of the above-mentioned printed works, 
there are several small volumes, which have greatly per- 
plexed bibliographers. The first is a letter from some 
anonymous official, directed to Charles V, and giving 
the nrst account of the battle in which Atahualpa was 
made prisoner by Pizarro. This was written originally 

*' The following are pretenred in a 
prirate library, in New York 2 

— M. C. Balboa, MisceUanea Antar- 
uca, 400 IL 

— MoNTBSiMot, Analet del Peru, and 
Memorial, 267 U. 

— M. itm Pas, Dialogo lobre lot i ocesot 
variot acacddoi en este Reyno del Peru. 

— Nicholas db ALBBaiMo, Verdadera 
y copioia relacion de todo lo nneyamence 
f ucedido en lot reynoi y provincias del Pern 
dende la ida i elloi del Virrey Blatco Nunes 
Vela hasta el desbarato y muerte de Ooa- 
salo Piaarro. (Seville, 1549)1 So 11. 
*< Copied from a MS. in the Imperial Libr., 
Paris. Appears to have been printed, but 
no copy is known.** — ^Ricr*s annoution. 

— Db la Oasca, Cartas y papeles sobre 
los asuntot del Peru. 1 14 11. 

— Valvbkdb (the bloody Bishop), Re- 
lacion del Peru, 19 11.; iV., Carta al £mp. 
Carlos V. sobre las revueltas del Peru. 
April 0,1539. 43"- 

— ^Replica de Diego Femandes 4 las 
objectiones puestas i su Historia por el lie. 
Sandllan, 40 11. 

— About 700 leaves of Papties yarns, 
extending from 1514 to 1556. 

In a private library, Boston : 

— Relacion de los primeros descubrimi- 
entos de Francisco Piaarro y Diego de Al- 
magro, sacada de la Bib. Imp. de Viena. 
La forma que en estos Reynos del Piru de 
Fray Franciuo dt M»ralt% al Rey. CarU 
de Gabriel de Rojas i Don Antonio de 
Mendosa (Respuestas al instruccion del 
Rey), II de diciembre, 1561. Relacion 
sumaria de la entrada de los EspaAolos en 
el Peru hasu que llego el Licenciado Baca 
de Castro : Del P. Nekarr§, Conqubta i 
Poblacion del Piro. Anon. Offitial ac- 

count, by Pedr§ SamcMes$f of the division of 
gold and silver at Cazamalca, June, 1533. 
Extract from a MS. of Caravamtes^ relat- 
ing to burial of Pisarro, Are. Another 
extract, containing an account of Pe^ 
i» U Gmko, CarU de F. Phsrro k Joan 
de Samano, 8 de junio, 1533. Carta de 
Btmskamar, como pobl6 y se concerto con 
Alvarado. Carta de PeJr^ d$ jUvm'adt al 
Emperador, 15 de enero, 1535. Breve 
relacion del viage de Alvarado. Capitula- 
don entre Pisarro y Alnugo en el Cuzco, 
1 1 de junio de 1 5 3 5. Informadon secreo 
en los Reyes 10 agosto de 35 por el obispo 
Btrlanga para saber como na sido tratauia 
la haaenda real. Carta de Franciuo Pi- 
uarr0 i Juan Vaxquea de Molina, 29 de 
junio, 1535. Carta de Francisco Pimarro 
al Empendor, 1 de enero, 1535. Carta 
de Alws^gro al Emperador, i de enero, 
1535. Rason de las partidas de oro, plata 
i piedras que se fundieron, marcaron i quin- 
taron en la postrera fiindicion del Ouco 
desde 20 de mayo de 35 hasta 31 de julio 
de id. Carta de Diego de Aim^ro al Em- 
perador, 15 de octubre, 1534. Twelve 
doubts or queries (parece papel de Fr. Bat" 
toJomi de Uu Casas. Acto de la fundacion 
del Cusco hecha por Francisco Pisarro. 
Caru de la Jusricia y Regimiento de la 
dudad de Xauja, 20 de julio de IS34- 
Relacion de Framcisce Pissarre y oCros, 
desde Xauxa, 25 de mayo de 1534. Caita 
de Di^e de jUwsagre al Emperador, S de 
mayo, 1534- Carta de Framcisce Pinarre 
k D. Pedro de Alvarado, 29 de julio| 1536. 
Extractos sacados por Muftos. Carta de 
Suaren de Carvajal al Emperador, 3 de 
noviembre, 1539. Carta del Licenciado 
de la Gaiaa al Emperador, 10 de marco, 
1 539. Carta de Framcisce Pinarre al Em- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 


in Spanish, and in all probability printed; but it has, 1534* 
thus hxy eluded the vigilant eyes of bibliographers. It ^smemB^ 
is known through what seems to us abridged versions 
in three foreign languages. One in the Italian — it is 
the present No. 193. We place it first, because the 
German version {infra^ No. 195), which is dated Feb- 
ruary, 1534, states that it was made ^' aus Hispanien 
und Italien." After the Italian we have the German 
translation, or rather abridged paraphrase, just men- 
tioned. We then describe (infray No. 196) a French 
version, also dated 1534, but which numbers seven 
leaves. Do these seven leaves imply some extra mat- 
ter, or a different account altogether ? 

Direct nftrtnctii i Bihliotheea Utherimna^ Part l. No. 1 961. 
( BiUioiktta OrtmntilliMta^ page 537. 

perador, 18 de febrero, 1539. Caitai de 
Ftlipe Gmtierrem al Emperador, 10 de feb., 
1539* y 3^ ^^ diciembre^ 1540. Cartu 
de ManueJ de Bspiuar al Emperador, 6 de 
eneroy y 30 de mayo, 1539. Carta de 
Gonxalo Femandex de Oviedo al Empera* 
dor, 15 de octubre, 1537. Carta de Fran- 
cisco Pixarro al Obbpo de la Tierra firme, 
2$ de agotto, 1537. Relacion de Manuel 
de Rspinar, Dedaradon con juraroento 
de San Juan de Utcategui, Valladolid, 3 
de agosto de 1 543. Caru de la Justicia y 
Regimiento de la Oadad lot Reyes al Au- 
diencia de Panami, 14 *de julio de 1 541 
Carta de D. Diego de Almagro a la Real 
Attdkncia de Panama, 14 de julio, 1541 
Carta del Maestre Mmrtin de Aratuo^ 15 
de julio, 1 541. Carta de Alwu^ro al Au- 
diencia, 8 de nov. 1541. Carta de Fr. 
yicente de Fdlverde^ obispo del Cuxco, 4 la 
Audiencia de Panam4, 11 de nov. 1541. 
Relacion de Fk/divia 4 S. M. 1 5 de oct. 
1550. Caru del obispo, Fr. yieeute Vml^ 
verde^ al Emperador, 20 de marso, 1539. 
Reladon (escrita por Pedro Sarmiento) del 
viage que hizo el magnifico seftor capitan 
Jorge Robledo i de Us dos cibdades quel 
dicho poblo e fundo en la provindas de 
Ancerma y Quinvaya, &c. Rdadon (escrita 
por Juan Bautista Sardela) de lo que sus- 
cedio al mag. S. capitan Jorge Robledo en 
tl descobrimiento que hiso de las provinctas 

de Antiochia e dbdad que en ellas fundo. 
Descripdon de los pueblos que hay al rede- 
dor de la dbdad de Santana de Indios. 
Carta de Pedro de Fd/dtvia al Emperador, 
4 de set. 1 545. Dicho del capitan Frau' 
tioeo de Carvajal sobre la pregunta 38 de la 
inibrmadon hecha en d Cuxco en 1543 
4 favor de Vaca de Castro. Carta de Frau- 
eiuo de Barrionuevo y otros al Emperador, 
15 de junio, 1542. Carta de Betalcazar 
al Emperador, ^o de set. 1 542. Caru de 
Hernando de Sil^a y otros al Emperador, 
14 de set. 1 542. Caru de Viutura Be/tran 
al Emperador. 8 de oct. 1542. Extractos 
sacados por Muftox, Rdadon de las cosas 
que S. M. deve proveer para los reynos dd 
Peru, embiada desde lot Reyes i la corte 
por el Licenciado Martel Santojo, 1542. 
Capituladon con Orellana. Extractos sa- 
cados por MuAox de un papel de Augustiu 
de Zarate, Reladon de lo que ha sucedido 
despues de la prision dd Virrei Blasco 
NuAex Vela en aqudlos reinos hasu que 
not pardmos dd puerto dd Nombre de 
Diot, que fii6 4 27 de marxo deste aAo de 
1 545. Caru de Belakanar d Emperador, 
20 de didembre, 1544. Rdadon de lo que 
en sttsuncia escrivio d Licenciado Gatea 
cerca de lo sucedido en el Peru en d det- 
barau de Gonxdo Pixarro i de los que le 
seguian. CarU de Oonualo Piuarro 4 Pedro 
de Valdivia, 30 de oct. 1 546. Montesinos^ 

Digitized by 


3^2 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1534. 1 94. HONTER (J.y-Recti 0/ tbi first Uaf: 

"~™™™ DIONYSII II APHRiDE TOTivs OR/ || bis 
(itu, Antonio Becharia Veronenfi inter- || 
prete, confumatiflimum opus. || ioannis 
PRiETEREA || Hontcri CoFonenfis de Cof- 
mographiae || rudimentis libri duo. || Coelo- 
rum partes, ftellas cum flatibus amnes, jj 
RegnacJ cum populis, parue libelle tenes.|| 

Colophon : 

%* 4to» title one leaf-)- three annumbered leares -|- ninety-nine 
numbered pages» -|- two blank leaves, with the printer's device 
on verso of the last. 

(British Mnscom.) 

There is nothing on America in the Dionysius^ not 
even the slight allusion contained in the address in 
the edition of 1 518 (No. 93); but in Honter's work, 
which commences on page 65 with a separate title, 
the reader may consult page 91, the chapter: nomin 
INSVLARVM ocEANi ET MARIS. Ifi occtduo Dovcades^ Hes- 

Analet del Peru, and Memorial antiguat 
hiitorialet del Peru. Reladon de la lUce- 
•ion y gOTiemo de los Ingat SeAoret natu- 
ralet que fueron de lu provinciat del Peru 
V otras cosat tocantes i aquel reyno por el 
illmo. SeAor Don Jmom Sarmieiito^ Pre- 
lidente del Consejo Real de Indias. In- 
stmccion del Inga D. Diego de Castro TttU' 
emui lupangui para el Licenciado Lope 
Garcia de Caitro. Suma y narracion de 
lot Ingat que lot Indiot llamaron Capac 
cuna, &c., traducido por Juem it Betanos, 
Reladon brebe de la ConqoitU de la Nuera 
Etpafla, por Fr. Franeitco i* j^gmilar. Re- 

lacion dd tuceto de la Tenida dd diaao 
Chino tobre ette campo y de las demas 
cotat tucedidat i cerca de dlo. Una rela- 
don de lo sucedido en Indias con Linuhon 
Corsario Chino. Compendio historial dd 
estado de lot Indiot del Peru, con mucha 
doctrina y cotas notables de ritot, coetun- 
bres e indinadones que tienen, nueramente 
compuesto por Loft de AtUuua, Dot Re- 
ladonet dirigidat al Virrey dd Peru, Don 
Andret Hurtado de Mendoia, 1561 y 
1571. Relacion dd detcubrimiento y coo- 
quitta dd Peru, etcrita por uno de lot Con- 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 323 

peridesy Fariunata^ America^ P arias ^ IsabeUa^ Spagnolla 6f I534« 

GadeS, ^sssBsssam^ 

John Honter was a Cronstadt' theologian, who intro- 
duced Reformation into Poland*. He died in 1549. 
We are unable to state whether the above elementary 
cosmography differs from the Rudimentorum Cosmograph- 
icorum^ whicn we notice, in/ray under the date of 1548. 

Dirtct rtfirtneti t I Sihliotktes TUttisms^ Vol. ir^ page 105. 

( Pansbs, AmmsIu ly^ifr., Vol. ix, page 406, No. 9]]. 

195, ANONrMOU^^Reet§ $f tbi first Um/: 

M9 ^if^MiM itiil||3tft(ieii.||aReMfe 9ein1ari0.ll1534.ll 

\* Sm. 4to, /Mr/ l$c$f tide one leaf -|- three unnumbered leaves. 

(Private Library^ New York.) 

This account is essentially the same as the Copia delh 
Lettere (No. 193), but more succinct. 

** Gazette d*une ezcessive raret^ et qui parait aroir iti imprim^e 
I Nuremberg. Elle contient la premiere nouvelle de la decouvtrti dn 
Pir§M, et est rest6e inconnue I tous les bibliographes que nous avons 
pu consulter. On y annonce que le gouverneur de Fannmja (Panama) 
dans I'Inde a ^crit I sa majesty (Pempereur Charles V.) qu'il est 
arriv6 un navire du P^rou avec une lettre du Regent Francisco Pis* 
carlo (Pizarro) annoncant qu'il a d6barqu^ et qu'il s'cst empare du 
pa)rs. Qu' avec 200 Espagnols (infanterie et cavalerie) il s'etait em- 
Darau6, et qu'il 6tait arrive chez un grand seigneur appeU Cassiko, 
qu'il avait refuse la paiz et I'avait atuqu^, que les Espagnols avaient 
et^ rictorieuz et qu'ils s'etaient empar6s de 5000 castiilans (pieces 
d'or) et de zo^ooo marcs d'argent .... qu'ils ont tir6 deux millions 
d'or du dit Cassiko, etc., etc." 


* YoMivt, Dt Naturs Artittm^ iiw de 410, 1711$ and Staiawolixi, Serif tor, 
AtMtkisi^ Lib. lii, p. 202. poionUomm ktestoutas ; Yefuce, 4to» 1 627 ; 

* JdCHBft, Mgem, Gtlktrt, Lixie,^ Vol. which, at we have since ascertained, con- 
II, p. 1695, on the authority of Csvit- taint, alto, detailt concerning dx Stob- 
TiNOia, S^tiwun Hangar, Lit. ,* Leipsig, nicsa {ntfrs, Not. 69 and 95). 

Digitized by 


324 Bibliotheca Americana. 

I 5 3 4.« 1 96. ASONYMOUS^Witbin m b9rdir : 

MuttttHUd (ettat 

•*» «>> 

• S 34-- 

Then woodcat' repreaenting chenibt rapporting a shield ; and 
below : 

^oftte name 'Ht ®onfo(t. D 

Rtet0 tftht first Itaf: 

Sntfttsuent les II Utcest )ie ^tantos^ yf^atro II 
gottitenieitv)ni tfclie passt etptoufnce nommee le 
yeru fat- 11 f ant mention ^t% menteUlen- jlfes cfiofes 
tant beuet pat 't%% \ ptoptest seuljc qtte pat lettes 
a H lus enttO5ee0 pat eenix (| an xmVcm passt 
t)aii{tetllanx qneUest font eontennest pluffents el)ofe0 
nott- D tteUe0 tant )ie tfcfieffeis en cette ptonCnee 
ttonnees n r nfeellns passt emeneeB que He plnHents 
anlttes II matef^anliifest et tfef^effes : x ce liepnte le 
temp0 ql II monta fnt met inf qneis a ptef ent. II 

%* lamo, aeren annumbered leavet. 

(Bridth MoMom.) 

Dirtt nfmmtm t ( BiUMkita OifmiUitiu, pi|c $37. 

\ Cttsbgiu it Limrti Curinut, No. 13I. 

' Similar to the aiark in Mtrfmu Ijfffi ^°* *'^ *^ Bavntr, Vol. it, coL loft. 

Digitized by 


1 97- ^^'^^ 

Ribliotheca Americana. ^^^ 

'97* ^^^^^^ {SEBASTIAN)-^Recto 9f the first leaf: 1534* 

«(tliftcl|:f|ilegelii — 

imk \\\\viX% %ti %w)^n, II erMl0keitS low 

%%\%%\VM %tvtM\\m^i^ to kier li^eri 
neinn^ to 9lfl-j| awi9[)i|rteai^n^aiKiliiik VweHcai 
gPett mik alteitti9l«4 aler knviil le- 1| gfifMtri Sinker i 
»tttottil^tto#S Mk 3ifetoige(egeiiietti9vSfeiiieUei 
ge II liJI^f^ieligeMf^ikfftikiik ker kaHm ge(ege«ev kiMnr 
kiik eiitiikiier i mkin || mev i gejlnlt i (ele« i nefex i rengtov i 
gto«kett I ceremkKiM i gfa# i regimtt 1 1| ^of icelp i fUtea i 
Irax^ilriegigeiieriifvfl^titlierilleikmg kil kerlleiike- 
ntKg I elgeiitU^ fir kie MgeM gepelt i Vk^ etoial kfl Ken || 
gefimkeMex neUett k«k 3«fetoitti(t iwf^ 8erof0i3oaMMe|| 
ke iMiite kiSai@. SraakoM ^ifloriitift kerg(eid|eM || 
faibetoifmk tuff a«geMiiiKettig(Mlliirkige« || erfamf i 
tveltf^reikentiiiflfeng \^ |M|f traJIgS bft att|^ kUe«i 
liettleftffigeK kie|er« to || eto iMkelS^ eMgeteilt k«k 
kerllfafftikomiad kerglei^e* || to Seit^ tie aaf^-ll 
giiitgeK. II WX etoew )fl eiik Mge|eKtfte« Kegifler nf eS 
toM|ft(te9.||AKiiMit |erik«k f^nitiiet kie nentkel $er- 
reviker f« liMitker Itr-DH^ i^iiler kie meKf^ew liMker. 
ipfftl. xlb). Ixlii). II* 


* Anglici : World-book : mirror and the eye. Alio tomething about the newly 
likeness of the whole globe, set forth and found world and islands, not from such 
arranged by Sebastian Franck of Woerden like fables as those of Berosus, John of 
[in Holland], in four books, namely in Monte Villa [Mandeville ?] and S. Bran- 
Asia, Africa, Europe and America. Also don*s history, but from accredited, trust- 
of all the lands, nations, provinces and worthy, experienced geographers, brought 
islands comprised therein { situation, size, together with great pains from widely di^ 
plants, properties, and of the people and fiised books, and embodied and published 
inhabitants thereof, names, shapes, mode of in a single volume, the like of which in 
life, morals, religion, creeds, ceremonies, German was never before publbhed. 
laws, government, policy, manners, cus- Come and behold the work of the Lord, 
toms, war, industry, firuits, animals, cloth- so wonderful among the children of men. 
ing and fiuhions, properly represented to Ps. 46, 64. 

Digitized by 


326 BibUotheca jtmericana. 

I C^i|.« Fern i/fo/ii ccxxxvij : 

taMfeit fivff II |«iibe(t tier tub breiiffifkeii iur. II 

On the verso of fol. ccx begins the account of America : 

IF 80« ttnierict im kierbteii tei|( bef nettiVmi 
fiSLMttMU). erfwikeii. 

%* Folio, title one leaf + fonr unnumbered preliminary leaves + 
two unnumbered leaves + leaves marked iii-ccxxxvii -|- seven 
unnumbered leaves. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

Sebastian Franck or Francus seems to have been an 
author of some consequence, since we find him included 
among the Prima classis^ in qua auctorum damnatse me-- 
mori^ Opera ediia^ &c.' ; but as we have not access to 
such outlandish authorities as the works of Arnold% 
SeckendoriP, Crenius^ and Keckermann', we borrow 
the following from Jocher* 

** Bin Wiederuufer und Mysticus aos Deuttchland oder von Woer- 
den in Holland, hielt sich um 1535 zu Ulm auf, von dannen er sich 
aber wegen seiner Irrtbikmer wegbegeben mQssen. Er lehrte mit den 
StoiciSf dasz alle SAnden gleich w2ren, und alle Secten und Religionen 
mit zur wahren Kirche gehdrten, verachtett die heilige Schri&, und 
drunge nur auf den Geist ; dannenhero er von Luthero, Melanchthone 
und andem widerleget worden, auch noch vor Luthero um 1545 

Bayle says^ concerning the work before us : 

''II ne faut pas oublier une Chronique Allemande 0^ il mela bien des 
choses prodigieuses. Mr. Moreri a parl6 de lui sous le nom de Franck 
mais il n'en dit presque rien, quoique Mr. de Sponde' qu'il cite eut 
pu foumir des particularitez, & entre autres celle-ci, que Francus fut 
chass6, de Strasbourg, et que sa Chronique y fut condamnee/* 

* Index Lihnr. Pnhth, (Madrid, fbl^ * ii Hitfr, ia Optra Ommim § GcDtra, 
1667), p. 884. ibl^ 1614 

* KinUm umd Ketuer Hisfr, | Frankit, * JtUgem, Geitkrt. Lexk^ VoL ii, p. 719. 
fi^., 1699. * Dicthnwmre^ art. Frmmu, 

* Cnm.dtLmtker.i Frankft., 4(0, 169ft. * Anmsi, md mmu, 15^9* mm- 9t ^« 

* jimiwisdvirs, f Lyont, 8vo, 1697. Bavlb. 

Digitized by 


BibBoiheca Americana. 327 

1 98. XSRBS {FRANCIS^WitbtM M h$rder and under m vigmtu : \ C O^ 

W la ir^niittiftci M |)^rn \\ 

8 ptoufncfa Hel Ctt^co Uarnana la nueua OtaftiUa : 
€oni|tt{fta)ra pot el magnffico || s esfotcalio cauos 
Hero ;f rancifco pifacto t^io ^el eopitan ^on^alo 
piparto caua || Uero tie la ciuDiati tie Ctugillo : eomo 
eapftan general tie la eefarea 5 eatfioUea || mageftati 
til empetatior 8 res n^o feftor : iBmbiatia a ftt mas 
geftati por ;f raneiisco : tie Xere^ natural tie la mus 
noble 8 mtts leal dutiati tie ^euilla fecretario tiel || 
foliretifielio feiior entotiais \m pflineiafi s conqulfta 
tie la nuena Otaftllla s bno II tie IO0 primeros cons 
quiftatiores tiella. ^<ii<ScS^iS<S«i3^eS«£S 
€ ;^tte bffta 8 examinatia efta oiira por mans 
tiatiotie 19% fefloreti Inqnifitioreisjltiel areoblfpatio 
tie 3euUla: r Impreffa en cafa tie 13arti)olome 
peref en el mes tie JuUo. gliio tiel parto blrgfnal 
mil X qttlnientois s tregnta s (luatro.* <£ ^. 

** FoliOf title one leaf -f eighteen unnumbered letves^ printed in 
two columns, the verso of the last leaf, which contains a con- 
tinuation of a piece of poetry, is in three columns. 
(Private Library, New York.) 

♦ AngUci : A true account of the con- Very Loyal city of Sevilla 5 secretary of the 

quest of Peru, and of the province of said captain throughout the conquered 

Cuzco, called New Castil» subjugated by provinces and countries of New Castil, and 

Francisco IHzarro, Captain [In the service] one of the first conquerors of that country, 

of His Majesty the Emperor, our master. A work seen and examined by order of 

Dedicated to hiis Majesty the Emperor, by Messrs. the Inquisitors of the Archbishop- 

F. Xeres, a nadve of the Most Noble and ric of Sevilla, and prin^ in the estab- 

Digitized by 


3^8 Bibliotheca Americana. 

\C^A^ '' Je n'ti po trouver sur Francisco de Xhht d'tutret renseignementt 
'^^'l^ que ccux qu*il nous donne lui inline. On roit par Ic titrc dc ton 
"^"^"^^ hvre, qu*il 6ttit secretaire dc Pran90]s Pizarre et l*un dcs premiers 
conquerants du Perou : ce fut par I'ordre de ce chef qu'il ecrivit sa 
Relation I Cazamalca meme 11 fiit de retour I Seyille le 9 Janrier 
1534 pune 3d, see recto of £8, in this edition]. C'est probable- 
ment rHistoire du Perou, sans nom d'auteur qui se troure cite sous 
le No. 41 [our No. 199, a very different work], de ma bibliotheqne 
americaine ; mais comme je n'ai jamais vu I'original, je n'ai pu veriner 
ce fait. 

'' La conqu^te du Perou fiit traduite en langue italienne, ou plutdt 
en dialecte y^itien, par Domenico de Gaztelii, gentilhomme navar- 
rais, natif de Tudela, et secretaire de don Lope de Soria, ambassadeur 
de Charles V pres la republique de Venise oh I'auteur la ^t imprimer 
en 1535, chez Stephano da Sabio [our No. zoo, and at Milan, in the 
same year, by Gotardo da Ponte, our No. 201]. Le tezte espagnol 
fut reimprime en 1 547 ^ Salamanque chez Francisco Fernandez de 
Cordoue [infra], II parait que cette seconde 6dition, la seule que 
j'aie pu me procurer, rat revue avec beaucoup de negligence, car on y 
trouve quelquefois des passages tronques, dont on ne peut comprendie 
le sens qu'l Vaide de la version de Gaztelii : ce qu'on a eu soin de 
fiure observer dans les notes. 

'' Cette relation, fort rare aujourd'hui, est rest^e inconnue I plusieurs 
historiens espagnols : je citerai entre autres Pizarro y Orellana qui, 
dans son ouvrage sur les hommes illustres des Indes, ne dit pas an mot 
de X6res ni de son livre, quoiqu'il ne parle presque que des Pizarre, 
et qu'il remplisse ses marges de citations. 

'' Barcia a fait entrer Thistoire de la Conqu^te du P^rou dans sa col- 
lection intitulee : HisfrUdorts frimitivos de Us Indias^*^ 

(Tbsnaux* ) 

This edition of Xeres contains the following passage, 
which is not in the edition of 1547 : 

i? potil en efta (iu)ia)i ^t SbtvAWti algunois am 
emiiKiia o tnalicfa: $ ottois con ignotanda )ie la 
berira)! en fn aiifenda Ift ma(trata)io fu lonta bn 
lUialso )iolU)io ft ^t afcenta tft falfa eottft l)6iite \ 
ta tontairamhe s tft leros 9ftt natural la bfuUioi 
)ffo I fu 9fenfa Inn ffguiites mettois* 

lithment of Barthotomew Peres, in the ' Vol. 111. 

month of July. The jrctr of the Immaai- * Introduction to hit own tnntlatioa of 

late Coocepcion 1534. Xtr$n Parii, 1837. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 329 

TMs is followed by a long piece of poetry, containing 1534* 
a ei'^ter number of stanzas' than in the Salamanca gBBSB^ 

Besides the Italian versions already mentioned, there 
is another in Ramusio^, an English translation in Pur- 
chase, and one in French in Temaux's* RecueiL 

I OO* ANONrMOVS-^ff^itbtM M widi h$rdir, and undir a Urgi • 
square vigmtte (which, we think, is only a repetition of the border 
and woodcut in No. 198). 

'^%p lit ir(itti}ttt|la M fl^rtt ^%^ 

Uamalia la mteua €aftUIa. Ea 41 tints potliiiiinii 
bo||lttnta)i fue matattiUofamente conquiftolia nt 
(a felidf n Hma bnttttta Hel IBnipetaliOT 5 lEles 
niuftro Mot: s pot (a ptulintda 5 potla ptus: 
Uentia s effuetf )iel tnits magnifito 5 bale II tofo 
tattalleto el Copltan ;ftandfeo pi^atto Couetnall 
)iot 8 alielanta)io lie la nueua caftUlaig lit fu 
letmalino l^etnanbo pifattois tie fus anlmofois 
eapitanes II z (teles s effotfaHos eompaftetos l| eO 
el St tallaton. h 

Within an ornamented border, and below the double-headed eagle 
escutcheon : 

(E iSfta oiita ftte impteffa || en (a mug noble 5 

' <*It [the CoMjuistd] ends in Barcia Tom. xzYf, 1853, and Oayangot con- 

with lome poor Tenet in defense of Xerei, jectures them to have been written by 

hj a friend, which are ampler and more Oriedo.** Ticmot, Hia, of Sf^m, Liit., 

important in the original edition, and con- Vol. ti, p. 40, nou 37. 

tain nodcei of hit life. They are reprinted * Raceolta^ Vol. iii, fbl. $j%~^%, 

in the BiUitua de Amfra EtfigUiet^ * Pilgriwus^ Pt. 11, B. vii, pp. 1491-4. 

4a . 

Digitized by 


330 BibBotheca Americana. 

1534* ^^S n ^^^^ citt)ia)i ire 3< H uUlaien cofa ire ISarto^ 
lome II peret* en el II mess tie II AiitiL II i^ || flfio He 
mil r quiniitoss $ treijnta 5 quatro* II 

%* Polio, tide one leaf-|- eight unnumbered letret, printed in 
long lines ; the verso of the seventh leaf conuins t portion of 
the text, followed by t repetition of the large chap-like 
vignette on the title-page. Recto of the eighth leaf blank. 

(PriTtte Library, New York.) 

This Narration is very different from Xcres' (No, 
198). It was evidently composed by one of Pizarro's 
companions, and seems to be the original of the third 
part of our No. 190, but more succinct than the Italian. 
The Bibliotheca Grenvilliana^ states that it is identical 
with the Relatione (fun Capitano Spagnuolo della Conquista 
del Peru, published by Ramusio, but with " many varia- 
tions/' an assertion which we have no means of verify- 
ing at present. 

Dirtct rtfinmeti ( Scmwimobl, Tket^vrvt UUhtAecslit^ Vol. i, page 166. 
•I PAMstt, Amnd/es T^ptgr., Vol. TU, page 1*4, No. 38. 
I TsKNAOXy No. 41. 
EauT, No. 51^9. 
OiAiniy VoL 1X9 page 251. 
BivMBT, Vol. iiy col. 130. 
BiMnMees Htknimmm^ Part TU, No. 4600. 

'535* 200. XERES-OAZTSLU^Ricti 0/ tbi first iisf: 


cia del Cuzco || de le Indie occidentali. i| 

Then, coat-of-armi with the double-headed eagle, holding in its 
dawt a medallion, with the following legend inscribed thereon: 

Con gratia & priuilegio per anni X. || 

• Vol. II, pafe sj6. 

Digitized by 


BibBoiheca Americana. 331 

Firsi $f tbi Htle-pMge : ' 5 3 5« 

NefTum ardifca di flampare il prefente *~~~" 
volume o || far flampar ne ftampato da 
altri dare a vendere in || li loghi del noflro 
dominio fotto la pena che nel || breue 

C$l$pb$n : 

Stampato in Vinegia per Maeftro || 
Stephano da Sabio del MD || XXXV. NeP 
mele || di Marzo. || 

%* 4to (signatures in eights), title one leaf, -|- fifty-nine unnum- 
bered leaves, -|- one leaf with the above colophon on the r/r/#, 
and on the verso an escutcheon sporting a large crown with 
the word SABIO. The narrative begins on the recto of the 
fifth leaf. 

(Private Libnr., New York, Providence and Harvard Coll. Libr.) 

* Mr. Grenville, in a MS. note added 
CO his copy (now in the British Moseum), 
refers to this pasuge as indicating that the 
present was the first of the two editions of 
Oaztdu*s version. 

In reply to Graissb's iling at BiVNXTy 
vm. / *^ Quand il dit que ces deux demiers 
volumes [Ootardo de Ponte*s and Stephano 
da Sabio*s ediaons] sont la traducdon de 
Touvrage de F. Xeres (V. Oviedo et Xeres), 
je ne comprends pas comment la version 
d*un livre pourrait etre imprim6e en 1 5 3 5 qui, 
selon les propres mots de Tauteur (i la fin 
de la Vtrdaders reiacion 1547, v. Oviedo), 
avait M 6crit dans la ville de Caxamalca 
par ordre de Franf. Pizarro peu avant le re- 
tour de Taoteur a Seville, le 3 Juin 1538.** 
(Vol. II, page 251,) we beg leave to sute 
that there is no authority whatever for this 
"peu avant le 3 Juin 1538.** On the 
contrary, there is evidence that Xeres wrote 
his account long before that date. The 
Vtrdaders reiacion ends with the arrival in 
that city of the vessel commanded by Rod- 

riguez, on board of which it u more than 
probable that Xeres was a passenger, as the 
craft belonged to him : ** Ls vna d$ Us dn 
MMi postrerss q Uegarou^ en la ol vino per 
maestro FrScisco rodrignem et de Francisco 
de Xeren natnral desta eiudad JT Senilla t el 
jual escrinio esta reiacion,** &c., Sec, (Recto 
of the last leaf in edition of 1534.) This 
vessel reached Seville, June 3d, 1534: 
** Sn el sobredicko aMo (/. e, •* AMo d" mily 
fniuittosy treyntaj ftro,** see a few lines 
above, where he refers to the arrival of a 
vessel ** a nuene ^enero**)^ el tercero dia del 
mes <r Junio llegaro otros dos naos en la vna 
venia for maestre FrScisco rodriguea** 
(Recto of £ 8.) The Xeres, which is the 
original from which the present Italian 
translation, as well as the Spanish reprint of 
1 547 were made, was printed in July, 1 5 34. 
There is no difficulty, therefore, in under- 
standing how a work commenced at Caxa- 
malca as early as March, 1533, which b 
the date when Francisco Pixarro ** ordered 
that a reiacion should be written to be sent 
to His Majesty,** and which was completed 

Digitized by 



BibUotheca Americana. 

'535* Italian translation of Xcrcs' Conquista (No. 198), by 
ai^^KKs Domenico de Gaztelu or Gazulo% but with the omission 
of the last sentence and stanzas in the original. 
Alcedo says' of the translation : 

'< Ntci6 en It villi de Ochtnditno del Sefiorio de Vizca^t (Temaiiz 
nyt in «' Tudelt") ; ert Ctbtllero del Orden de Alcantart, Ministro 
del Tribuntl de la contradizit mtfor 7 del Contejo de Htdenda.*' 

Dinct rtftrtmut f Hatm, BiUhuem hslismm^ Vol. I, page 177, No. %, 
X PnfBLo-BAiciAy col. 649. 
I Riciiy No. II. 
BavittTy Vol. II, col. S30. 
BikliHktem Htherismm, Part IX, No. 3179. 
BiUtHkecm Grtwmillimms^ page 536. 
BitliHktem Bnmmisns^ page 19, No. 65. 
Lhtrts Otriemte^ No. 1 39. 

20 1 • IDBM 0PI75— Above a woodcut like that described in No. 200. 


cia del Cuzco||de le Indie occidentali. || 

No imprint. 
C*l*pb0m 0» tbt vtn* *f tb$ Utt tt*f: 

a ImprefTo in Milano per Domino Go- 
tardo II da Ponte a compagnia de Domino 
lo. II Ambrofio da Borfano nel Anno || del 
Mille cinquecento e || trenta cinque. || 

in all probability a few dtyt after the vetiel 
arrived at Seville, in June, 1534. should 
have been printed in Taly of the tame year, 
and republished in a diflferent language nine 
months afterwards. 

We should also add that BauNtr gires 
the date of 1535 to de Ponte*s edition, 
whilst Graesse prints it "1538.** The 
dtle of da Sabio*s is also given by the latter, 
in a manner which differs materially from 
the copy before us. Must we understand 

that da Sabio printed two separate ( 
of the Oaatelu version in 1535, and that 
de Ponte likewise gave two, one in 1535, 
and the other in I C3S ? 

* Antonio, Bittitk. H. Nrom^ VoL I, 
p. j»9. 

* BiMiH, Ameriamm, MS., Vol. i, men- 
tions also an imaginary edition of Oatsteluli 
versbn of ATfrri, ** Madrid, 4(0, 15^5.** 
We think there b a life of Qaztelu in 
Baena, Hij»i de MairU, 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 233 

Then, within t frtme, t, shield with tn etgle, tnd the words I C 7 C« 

%* 4to (signature in eights), title one leaf + three preliminary 
leaves + forty unnumbered leaves. 

(Britith Masemn.) 

This rarissime edition is altogether inferior to the 
preceding, in typography, paper or woodcuts, and seems 
to be only a clumsy imitation, but evidently of 1535. 

Dinct reftrew€u t ( Mihlhikam GrtMrnittimms^ — , 

I Lhfrts emrinjtf page %% No. 139. 
( BivitET, Vol. 11, coL S30. 

20 2* jiPIjtNUS {PBTBRy-'Ricti $f tbi first Usf: 


cum quibufdam Geotrutria ac Aftro- \\ n$mia principijs ad eam || nm 
necijfarijs. || 

Then sphere, and below : MD XXXV. 

C$i$pb$n : 

Venetijs per lo. Antonium de Nicolinis de SaUoj \\ sumptu CsT 
requifitione D. MeUhioris || Sijfa. Anno Domini. \\ MDXXXV. 
Menjis lanuarij. || 

%♦ Sm, 8vo ; title one leaf + thirtv numbered leaves + one leaf, 
verso blank, but on the recto, Nicolini's printer's mark, and 
the device dissxmilivm infida societas. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

See verso of leaf 22 and recto of 13 ; and, supra^ our 
Nos. 149 and 150. 

Dirt€t rtferencet : ( CANCBLUiai, Diturtmmiii^ page 46. 
J Canotai, Fitm^ page 300. 
( HvMBOLDT, ExMun CnHfMif Vol. it, page 101. 

203* SABBLLicus (M. c.)-" RhapfodiiaB Hiftoriarum 

" Paris, 1535, folio." 


' BiUitkeim Uitfricm Vol. I, Part i, page 96. 

Digitized by 


334 BibBotheca Americana. 

1 5 3 5 * 2 04* ^^^ooMiAS {J AC PHiL,y-^^ Supplemetitum Chron- 
"=^^™" icorum, Omnes Fcrc Hiftorias quae ab orbe condito 
hadenus geftae funt iucunda admodum dicendi breuitate 
compledens. Opus fane quam vtiliffimum, & cuiufuis 
conditionis viro pernecefTarium : primura quidem a 
Venerando patre Jacobo Philippo Bergomate ordinem Ere- 
mitarum profeflb confcriptum, deinde vero eruditorum 
quorundam diligentia, raultis mendis, ac fuperfuis qui- 
bufdam rebus diligentiilime repurgatum, in ftudioforum 
omnium gratiam atque vtilitatem. Cui infuper addita 
eft noftrorum temporum breuis quaedam acceffio eorum 
annorum hiftorias ac res tum priuatas tum extemas 
compledens quae ab anno . 1500 . ad annum 1535 . tum 
hie, tum etiam alibi geftae funt. Pariiiis, M .D.XXXV 
(1535). Apud Simonem CoUneum^ in vico D. Joanms Bel- 
louaceniis. Cum priuil^o. Et i la Jin. Praeftantif- 
fimum hoc atque utiliffimum totius orbis Chronicorum 
opus : ea omnia quae ab ipfa mundi creatione ad annum 
ufque 1535. perada funt breui quodam ftylo compledens 
excufum eft Parifiis, opera ac praelo Jacobi Nyuerdi ad- 
fcriptitii bibliopolae & chalcographi : fumptib. uero ac 
diligentiiT. cura, Simonis Colinafi, & Galeoti i Prato bib- 
liopolarum Parifien. Anno a Chrifto nato M. D.XXXV. 
pridie Calendas Augufti. in Fol., Feuillets 443. Sans 
les pieces liminaires. 

** Quoique cette Edition toit fbrieoteinent tronqu^e, on ne It doit 
pts tout \ fait rejetter^ I caate du Livre XVII. qui sert de Supl^ent 
I I'Ouvrage, & qui contient certains articles, qui ne sont pas I m6- 
priser : comme ceuz JP Alius MMutitius, Cbrist$pb$rMj L§ng$HMSf J$. 
CM^burnius, Jmmms LMscaris, 8cc., mais il hnt absolument I'accom- 
pagner d'nne Edition plus ancienne : entre lesquelles je choisirais 
celle de Tan 1506. in Fol/' 


Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 23S 

The chapter^ iv permaximis insults^ &c., is on folio 1535* 

412. . ... — -= 

This truncated edition, with the valuable chapter 
XVII, however, was republished at Venice, 1547*, folio. 

Direei refirtmcn if* BiUhtki^ Curiemu^ Vol. iii, page I So. 

•1 Bittor, Tjpogr.f London, 1717, Part 11, page is. 
I Maittamb, Jtrnmatet^ Vol. il. Part it, page 824. 
' NicBftON, Mbmiretj Vol. XTir, page SS3. 
FABtfciut, Bihlhtk, Lot, med,. Book ix, page 3S. 

20 5» VjtRTHEAfA-DIAS^Ricti $f tbi first leaf: 

mututxn it §lttil0uir0 it ii 

Uattliema iSolosnefe nello IBgitto^ nella Bolivia 
nella Eiaiifa tiefetta, ^ felice, nella ijS^tt II Ha, nella 
Jntifa, $c nella IBtftsopia. He fetie II el biuete U 
coftumf tielle ptefate ^ro II ufncfe. G IBt al jifente 
agfontottf ol II nine Jffole nouatntte rftrouate. II 

Then large vignette similar to the one in the edition of 1522, but 
not 80 well finished. 


([ Stampato in Vinegia per Francefco 
di Aleflan/ 1| dro Bindone, & Mapheo Pa- 
fini companiy a || fanto Moyfe al fegno de 
Langelo Ra- || phael. M.D-XXXV. || del 
mefe d'Aprile. ||* 

%♦ Sm. 8vo, title one leaf + leaves numbered from 2-100 + 
three unnumbered leaves, 

(Private Library, New York.) 

Direct refereMces : ( Hayu^ Bihlioihiem Italimms^ Vol. i, page 181, No. 3. 
\ Panxbk, Jtmnalet Tffcgr.^ Vol. Till, page 545. 

jtMglici I Printed at Venice by Francis the sign of the Angel Raphael, April, 
4i Alexandro Bindone and Mapheos Pa- 1535* 
fini, Companiont of St. Moses [ ? ], at The rest as in No. 98. 

Digitized by 


336 Bibliotheca Jmeruana. 

1535. 206» ASONrMOUS-~Rict$ $f tbi first iiMf : 

IVttrra W 

l,a notU iSftta nitottamnite 

tUironata olU JntiU (on l{ 

fitui (oftumi r mo)ii tiel 

fiio lEle r foi poiion 

£( moM trel fun alHitate con la 

bella bfan^a trelletronne lorn. 

IBt tie le trua petfone etmafcotrite 

tionate )ra quel lEleol <Sa|)i- 

tano tiella Artnota. 

Then tquare vignette. 
In tint : 

Data in ZhauaL Adu xxv. di Settembre, 

%* 410, smi Mnn$ sut l$co, text begins on vers$ of title, followed 
by three unnumbered letvea, printed in italics. 

(Privtte Libnr., New York and Proriaencc) 

Our transcript is made from two impressions, gen- 
erally considered as authentic originals, but which are, 
in fact, only fiic-similes executed by the elder Harris. 
The original is in the British Museum. 

Dir*€t rtftrtnctt t ( Bihlitkeem GnmviUimmm^ page Sa2, and Part II, page 445. 
•I Bikiioikecm Bnfwnums^ page iS, No. 63. 
I BBimrr, VoL iii, coL loai. 
GftAUUy Vol. IT, page 183. 

* Awgik*! Letter firom the noble city nen of their women, and concemUig two 

recently discovered in the Indies, with the hermaphrodites given by the King to the 

customs and mannen of its King and captain of the fleet, 
peoples, their religion and the fine man- Dated Zhaval, September 25th, 1535. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. ^37 

207* OFIBDO ((?. F. DEy^Bil$w tbi arms $f SfssM, prsMtid in red: I C 3 C* 

Then tt the bottom of the page : 
Vtrit $f tbt titlt-fsgt : 

Vrimera parte )re la t)tftotia natural s s^^ll^al 
tie las iiOriais sHais r tierra firme )iel mar oceano : 
eferfpta por el twjX || tan gontalo ternantief tie 
ii^bietm r baltieis : aleastie tie la fortaler a tie- 1| la 
dtttiaii tie faneto Bomingo tie la s^a efpaftolais 
erontfta tiela Sboxx^ \\ cefarea s cattolleais magefs 
tatieiEt tiel emperatior tioncarlojs qutnto tie tal ndbre: 
res II ^^ efiuifta: r tie la ferentf^ma r mug potierofa 
resna tiofta Juana fn matire nueftrois II feftoreis. 
yor ntso mantiatm el attctor eferittio lass cofais 
marauillofaiEt que as en tii- II nerfais sHajs r partest 
tieftais intiiasi r imperlo tiela corona real tie caftilla: 
fegfi lo bi II tio r fnyo en besnte r tiois aftois r matt 
que t)a que bine r reHtie en aquella^ partesacill^a 
qnal t)tftoria eomienea enel primero tiefcubrimiento 
tieftas inbiasi : s fe eontie II ne en besnte Ubrott tSiz 
primero bolnmen. 11 

In fine: 

. . . l.a qnal U aeabo r iminrimio enla mus 
noble 5 mus leal cibtioti tie ^ebUlaien la emyrlli ta 


Digitized by 


23^ BiiBotheca Aimricans. 

1535* ^< Sttam iSromiiergetiel pofttero tifa M mest Be 
'^etiemtve. 2lftD tie m\i x quinientost s teesnta s 
cineo Aftust. I 

%* Folio, title one leaf, + four preliminary learet, + text 1-186 
+ uble i86i-i9i (Colophon on Terto), + Epist$U 192^193, 
with arms of Oriedo on die Terto of the last. 

(Prirate Ubr^ New York, Prorideace and Washington dtjr.) 

As we have already stated (pam 257) the present work 
is entirely different from the rfatural Hysioria de las 
IndiaSy published in IC26 (supra^ No. 1^9)* This is 
the genuine ^'General and Natural History of the 
Indies" of Oviedo, so often quoted. It was originally 
divided into three parts, numbering in all fifty books. 
The first part is the present No. 207, which contains 
nineteen books, and, we think, a portion of the fiftieth 
(on shipwrecks). These nineteen and a half books were 
republished at Salamanca, in 1547 {infra). In 1557, 
the twentieth book, which is the first of the second 
part, was printed separately'. No other portion of 
this work appeared in print until 1851. 

The traditions and stories concerning the subsequent 
fiite of the unpublished parts, still find credence even 
among usually trustworthy bibliomphers. Some of 
the latter, forgetting that in the edition of 1557> there 
is a notice printed, announcing the fiict that the print- 
inj^ of the rest of the work was interrupted by the death 
ofthe author*, believe to this day that a great conflagra- 
tion destroyed the printing establishment of Franasco 

* f Libro . XX . De la fegunda parte de 
la general J hiftoria de las Indias . Bfcripu 
por el Capitan || Gon^o Femandes de 
Ooiedo^ 7 Valdes . Al- Jl cayde de la fbrta- 
lesa y poerto de Sicto Domin || go, d*la Ula 
EfpaAola . Cronifta d* fu Mageftad. U Que 
trau del eftrecho de Magellans. || f £n 
Valladolid . Por FrancUco Femandes de 
Cordooa. || Impreflbr de fa Mageftad . AAo 
de M . D . LTU. y 

%* FoUoy title one leaf + sixty-dirce 


(Private Libr., Proridencc). 

* The end of Chapter XXXV, on fhL 
LXIIII, which is the last, reads as lU- 

**, , . .to para fa 
almendras que tengo < 

^f No le imprimo mas defta obra, por- 
qoe morid el autor.** 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 339 

Fernandez de Cordova, His Majesty's printer, with all 1 535. 
its contents, including the printed parts and manuscripts .bbbibb 
of Oviedo ; while others assert that the unpublished 
books have never been written at all, and exist only in 
the imagination of booksellers. Even Brunet himself, 
as late as the last edition of his valuable Manuel^ asserts 
that ''on ne sait ce que sont devenus les livres 21 a 
28,'' although he himself cites the work which contains 
these very books in full. 

The facts are simply these : 

After Oviedo's death, the manuscripts of the remain- 
ing twenty-nine and a half books were scattered, but 
nearly all collected again, since in 1775 a set was kept 
in the archives of the Ministerio de Gracia y Justicia 
de Indias ; and Jose Alvarez Baena stated, when he was 
about to print his Historical Dictionary, that he had 
copied and collated the whole, preparatory to publish- 
ing it: "Todo se hallaba copiado, comprobado y en 
disposicion de imprimirse." At all events, when the 
Royal Academy of History commenced collecting the 
manuscripts of Oviedo, for the purpose of publication, 
it obtained possession of the origmal codices, bequeathed 
at the beginning of the seventeenth century by the Pro- 
fessor of Divinity in the Cathedral of Seville {Maestre'^ 
escuela), Don Andres Gasco, to the Casa de Contrata- 
cion, and which once belonged to the Convent of Mon- 
serrate. They lacked a few pages, which, we believe, 
are still missing, and the XXV filth Book, which was 
afterwards found among some stray papers collected 
from the scattered archives of the Jesuits, in the library 
of the Count de Torre-Palma. 

The whole work has been lately published by the 
Royal Academy of History of Madrid, in a style and 
with a care which confer the greatest credit on the editor, 
printers and publishers'. 

• Hittoria General y Natural de las In- Oviedo y Valdet, Primer CronisU del 
dias, itlas y oerra-firme del mar ociano, Nuevo Mundo. Pablicala la Real Aca- 
por el Capitan Oonzalo Fernandez de demia de la Historia, cotejada con el co- 

Digitized by 



BibBothica Ammcans. 

1535* As to the composition of the work, it seems to date 
i^Ks^HB as far back as 1526^ Mr. Ticknor infers from seireral 
passages in Books xxxiii and xxxiv, that Oviedo kept 
each book or each laroe division open for additions as 
long as he lived'. The work, it is well known, was 
written from official documents, sent to him expressly^, 
as the authorized Chronicler of the Indies ; an office 
held probably before by Frav Bernardo GentiP, and 
afterwards by Herrera and Solis. 

There is a translation into Italian bv Ramusio* of 
this first part, the first ten books of which were trans- 
lated into French by Jean Poleui*. 

Dhrtet rtftrtmett C Pamsbb^ jtmrnsia Ijff^f VoL Tn, page 1^4. 
i TmiAUZy No. 46. 
I BtVMBTy VoL IT, col. 199. 
MihUtiktem HeheriMMs^ Part Tl, No. «S)3 (with avtognph). 
MiUhtJktcs Bn m mimmM^ page 19, No. 64 (with antofraph). 
Himrusl Nrnggtu^ Vol. u^ No. S067. 

dice original, enriquedda coo lat enmien- 
daa y adicionet del aotor, k iUnttrade con 
U rida y el joicio de las obrat del mismo 
por D. Joti AaiADoa db Lot Rioa. 

Madrid, Imprenta de la Real Academia 
de la Hittoria, iS5i~5»-53~55. 

%* Folio, 4 vdt., nup. 

Tke III voLcoatalnsfroai Book I to Book XX. 
•• ad •• •* •* XX ** XXIX. 

*• Id •• •• ** XXIX «• XXXIX. 

M ^ (4 (4 u XXXIX •* L. 

which " libra qninqoagMmo et el dltimo 
libro de la Hittoria natwal y general : le 
qoal tracta de lot infortuniot k naufiragiot 
acaeaddot en lat maret de lat Indiat, itlat 
y Tierra-Firme del mar Of^ano.** 

* *< Yo he etcrito en ette breve Sumario, 
6 Reladon, lo que de aquetta natural Hit- 
toria he podido redvcir i la memoria, i he 
dexado de hablar en otrat cotat muchat, 
de que enteramente no me acuerdo, ni tan 
el propio como ton te podieraran etcrevir, 
ni expretarte tan largamente, como etti^n 
en la General, i Natural Hittoria de Indiat, 
pu de mi wuof ttiig$ tfcritm,** mpmd Bxa- 
ciA*t reprint, Vol. i, p. 56. 

* Hiaij •fSfmmith Litarstmrt, Vol. 11, 
p. J3, mui »3. 

* *< Demit detto digo que yo tengo ^edu- 
lat realet, para que lot gobemadoret me 

enTien relafioo de lo que tocare 4 la hit- 
toria en tnt gobemadonet para cttat hit- 
tofiat.** Introduction to B. xxxui. Vol. 
ni, p. S5S, of the Madrid reprint. 

' ** Aunque d protonotario Pedro Martir 
que era de Milan, i fray Bernardo Gestil 
que era SidlUnt, k ambot fiieron hittori6- 
graibt de S. M., hablaron en cotat de In- 
diat.** (OnxDo, lib. 34, cap. 3.) All we 
could atcertain concerning thit Onrnx. ia 
what we (bund in Mvllos {Pnitg^^ p. XIT), 
wis. / *<era dd orden de Santo Domingo^ 
retidia y enteAaba en Btpefta i princtpioa 
dd Siglo ZTi : era conoddo dd c^ebre co- 
mendador griego [?], y gosaba crMitot de 
ingenioto poeta. Die etcritot Snyot nada 
he polido taber mat de que pent6 ilnttrar 
lat hasaAat dd gran capitan en vertot be- 
roycot;** and be refen to three lettert 
(libb. 5, 15 y 17) in the Ofm* S^$t$i, of 
Locio Marineo (h/rM), 

' RmcflUf Vol. Ill, from Ibl. 74 to feL 

* VHisfire Saimrettt a GemersUe du 
Imdu, Itltif et Terre Fmme de Ugremd wmr 
•cesme, Parit, by Vatcotan, 1556; ioL, 
5 + 135 U. (Private Libr., Providence.) 

We cannot recollect where we have teen 
that Poleur had been Frandt Ft valet-de- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 341 

2o8* it^/9C£r (c;it^c;oitr>)—** Margarita Philoso- 1 535* 

PHiCA, rationaliS) Moralis philofophiae principia duo- «s=™" 

decim libris dialogice compledens, olim ab ipfo autore 

recognita, nuper autem ab Orontio Fineo, Delphinate cal^ 

tigata et auda, vna cum appendicibus itidem emen- 

datis, et quamplurimis additionibus et figuris ab eodem 

infignitis. Quorum omnium copiofus index verfa con- 

tinetur pagella. Virefcit vulnere virtus. Bafileae Hen- 

ricus Petrus excudebat impenfis Conradi Refchii Anno M.D. 

XXXV. 4. 

** Hirfcb . MilUn . 11 . p. 56 . Bologn. Crev. 11 , p. 54 • BibL 

Scbw. tun.** (PANsts*.) 

«« IT cirt$ cbi iw mmm Csru Jht its/ 1$$$, imprissM in BssiUs, si vide 
FsrU M z^.$ z$ grsdi di Latitndmt Austraii. (Margtr . Philoa • p . 
1534)-" (Camotai*.) 

Thit mtp betrt the following title : 

TYPvs vNiverfalis terrae, ivxta moder- 
norvm distinctionem et extensionem per 

And this inscription : 

paria feu prifilia. 

It seems that there is in the editions of the Margarita 
published after 1 5 1 2, a Declaratio SpecuH orbis compositi 
a Gualtero Lud. canonico Deodatensiy which can only be 
an extract from our No. 49, as we have since ascertained 
that it does not contain the passage relating to America, 
which we mention. M. D'Avezac cites* concerning 
Walter Ludd's works and supposed editions of other 
cosmographers, Oberlin*, Gravier^ and Beauprc^. 

' Not ** Oeorges,** at we wrote it, wfra^ * Notic* de la Grammaticm J^uratm it 

p. 144. VklUiini^ mp. [Millin] MagMsim Emeyc/^^ 

• jtrnmsUi Tyfgrafk., Vol. vi, p. 308, piiifnt, for 1799, Vol. T, pp. 3*3-7. 
No. 1033. * Hiu»ire it U «///r et de rmrromilsse^ 

' f^^i d'Amerieo Fetpmceif p. 1S5, note, ment de SMint'Die ; Epinil, Svo, 1836, pp. 

* Ffjeetitm de* Cartes de Geegrefiie, p. 100-9. 

5a, met, * BBAorii, Ue, eit.^ pp. 59-87. 

Digitized by 


34^ BibUotheca Americana. 

I r 2 C. 209* VJDIANXJZ {J.y-'WitbiM MM iUgsnt h$rdir : 


ORBIS^ II conferes ad ea pottffimii lo- 1| ca, quord palEm Euan- 
gelifte II & Apoftoli memnere. || Cum elencho audo. || Per 
lochimum Vadianum || Medicum. || AccefEt peregrinatio Petri 
et I Pauli Apoftolord cum ra- 1| tione temporum || Per Erafmum 
Roterod. | cum Priuilegio. || I. G. 1535. || 


Antuerpie apud loan. Grapheum || anno. M.D.XXXV. 

%* Sm. 8yo, title one leaf + three preliminary unnumbered leares 
+ two hundred and twenty numbered leaves. 

(Private Library, Park.) 

See, on fol. 208, the chapter: InsuU Oceani pr^cip. 

Dirtct rtfltrtmes t i MAiTTAUtXy jtrnmatei Tjfpogr^ Vol. r, Part 11, page 306. 
) Pansbb, Jbmmlu lyp^gr,^ Vol. ri, page %^, Fo. S07. 

2 IO» PTOLMMr-SBRFETUS-^Rieto $f tbi first iiMf: 


ALEXANDRINI || geographicab enar- || 


BYMHBRi II traladono, fed ad Grsca & prifca 
exemplaria a Mi- 1| chaele Villanouano iam 
primum recognid || Adieda infuper ab eo- 
dem fcholia, || quibufexoleta urbium no/ jj 
mina adnofbi fecu || li more expo || nun- 

ueterum turn recentium tabuU adneSuntur varijd; \\ auolen- 
tium ritus & mores || explicantur. || 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 343 

Woodcut, with the wordi VSVS ME GENVIT 5 then : ^ 53 5« 

Ftrs$ if the titU-fagi : 

siMO DOMINO II Sebaftiano epifcopo Brixi- 
nenfi^ Bibaldus|| Pirckeymherus*|| 

%* Folio; title one letf+ one hundred and forty-eight pages + 
one blank leaf •{- fifty folioed leaves for maps, viz.: ten for 
Europe, four for Africa, twelve for Asia, one for hemisphere. 
On the obverse of folio 28, which treats : oceanx occidbn- 
TALis 8EU TkRRAE NOVAE TABULA, there is « Hide map, where 
on the western part, between N. L. 50^ and 30^, are laid down 


the latitude line of 25° N. there is a label in small black 
letter : '' Spagnolia que et 0£Fun [ ? ] dicit gignit aur* mastice, 
aloen, porcellanam, canellam et zinaber' Latitudo insule 4. 40 
milliaria longitudo 8 80 milliaria. Et inuenta est per Chris- 
tophorii Columbu lanuen Capitaneum Regis Castilie an domini 
1492. Aadle loco panis vesaint serpentibus maximis et radi- 
cibus dulcibus sapore castanear' presetentibus. Under the 
equator, and to the right of 5^ S. L. there is another inscrip- 
tion, likewise in rude black letter : Hec terraann adiacentib9 
insulis inuenta est p' Cristoferam Columbum ianuensem ex 
mandato Regio Castelle." Beneath this, to the left, in large 
Roman capitals TERRA NOVA. Opposite these words, to 
the right, a rude woodcut of savages, and a wild animal re- 
sembling a she-panther, with a black letter inscription under- 
neath, beginning : Reperitur hie anlal, &c. Folio 50 contains 
the last map, headed in rude woodcut engraving : orbis . typvs • 


TissiME . DEPiCTA . 1522 . L . F. On the west opposite 40** 
N. L. ifMhelU, a little further to the south fpagno la. Opposite 
1 5^ S. L. Batoia {sic), to the right of this CMmbaUs. Below 
in large black letter ^OKtiCA* The remainder of this 
splendid volume is ended by : INDEX PTOLEMAEI copio- 
sissiMvs, &c. Beneath, the same woodcut as on the grand title- 
page. Register A-F in sixes, F in seven, with Errata on the 
recto of last leaf; verso blank. (As ^r as we can recollect, 
this map is identical with the mappamund in the Pt$iimy 
of 1522.) (British Museum.) 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

'535* ^^^ details concerning the life, works and martyrdom 
■^^»» of Michael Servetus, born at Villanueva in Aragon, in 
1509') or at Tudella, in 1511% or at Tarragona', and 
burnt alive, at the instigation of John Calvin, at Geneva, 
October 27th, 1553, we refer the reader to the works 
and dissertations of De la Rochet, Struvius', Chauffe- 

Sic*, D'Artigny*, Alwoerden', Sandius^ Bock% Seelen*, 
ienson^ Maty'% Boysen", Mosheim", Wigand'', Gib- 
bon'*, Wright*', Sigmond'^ Drummond'% Romey**, 
Saisset", de Valayre*, Galiffe", Rilliet", Schadc^, and to 
Calvin's own defenc^, which never did, and never can, 
exculpate him from his complicity in this dreadful crime. 
Our readers are aware that one of the charges brought 

r'nst Servetus, and which led to the immolation of 
: unfortunate man by a set of fiendish fanatics, whose 

* MlOUL DB LA ROCHI, BMhtk^tu 
AmgUitii Amsterd., i8mo, 1717-18, Vol. 
II, p 79 } Alwoikden, Hiifr. AGck, Ser- 
viti . . • Diuertitt'fnt exfiies ; Helmtt., 
4tOy 1717$ NiCBBON, Mim»irtt, Vol. xi, 

p. »»4. 

* P'AmowT, Nmvesmx hiimmrtt^ Vol. 
II, p. 56. 

' CHAorripii, ait. Servit^ note A. 

* /oe. eh^ Vol. T, pp. 5-S2, and A£r- 
wi0ires §fLiterssmref Lood., Svo, 1722. 

* Bil/htk, Hisfr. Litt, $ lena, 8vo, 
1763, Vol. Ill, p. 181S. 

* Bihlitktim jtrnti-Trimitsritrmm, 4ec.; 
Amsterdam, 8?o, 1684, pp. 6-15. 

* Uittwria Autitriuitmriormm | Leiptif . 
8to, 1774-76, Vol. II, p. 3»a, If. 

* S»ltcta Litter mriM f Labedc, iinio, 
17*6, N. II, pp. 5a-76. 

* Brief jtccemtit ef the feretemtiea Mud 
hmrmimi of Ser^tetms fir sm heretic f Lond., 
8toj 1743- 

'* jimtkemtic Memoirs ef tke Life of 
Rieksrd MesJ, M. D, § London, 8vo, 


" Historis MicA, Serveti^ Dituruaioue 
emsrrataf VlCemb., 410, 1711 

" Anderweitiger yermek eher voi/ttaM" 
digeu mmd mmpsrtheyiukem KetfMjeteAieAtef 
Hdmtt., 4to, 1748. 

'* De Servetimio 1. de Amtitrimitsriis i 
RatUbon, 8vo, 1575. 

>« MitcellaneoM Works (Losd., 8to^ 
1814), Vol. y,p.4oo«f. 

»• An Afoloiyfor Servetmsf Wiabcch., 
8?o, 1806. 

'* TJke Ummotieed TAeories of Servehu, m 
Diuertatioa addressed to tie Adiesi Society 
ofSiockJUlmi Lood., 8to, 182^ 

" Tke Life of Mickmi Serptims, tke 
S^itk Pkysicism^ wis, for tke aUeged 
crime of Hererf^ vuu emtrmpftd^ imtfrimmed 
and imrmed hj Jokm CWvf», in tke city rf 
Geneva^ Oct, 27, 15535 Lood., 121D0, 
1830, reprinted 1848, i2mo. 

'* Hommes et Ckoses de Divert Tamf* | 
Paris, i2mo, 1864^ pp. 121 to 171. 

'* kH/MMiet d'Histoire^ do Uormk et 
de Critifmef Paris, i2mo. 1859, pp. 119 
to 227. 

** Freigmemt Mistorifme smr Mkkd Sor- 
^et {Ligeodet et Ckromifma Smisset); PSvis, 
l2mo, 1842. 

*' Notices GimioJogifmes smr Its fmmiOts 
genevoistsi Oenive, 8vo, 1831-1836W 

Proces O'imimeJ Imteate k Gemive^ em 
1553, comtre Mickei Serwt^ roSgie ^m^ 
let Documents Origimssutf Oenera, luno, 

** Etudes sur le proch de Servet f Str»- 
burg, 8to, 1853. 

^ Defeusio ortkodox^ fidei de smrm Tri^ 
uitate^ comtru prodigiosus errores BfBckmSs 
Serveti Hisfemi : uki ostemditur k^reticot 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 34^ 

foul memory should be held in abhorrence for ever, was 1 535* 
a passage from the present edition of Ptolemy^ stating sBessaH 
that Palestine was not such a fertile country as people 
generally believed, since modern travellers related that 
It was entirely b|rren. We have shown, after Mosheim 
{supray page 202^')> that the incriminated passage was 
already in the PioletKy of i C22. Besides, it was omitted 
in the second edition which Servetus published in 1541 

'' J'ai d^ observe qae Gomtra fait allution auz ^itions de Servet 
de 1535 et 1541. Dans la premiere on trouve : 'Iterum Colonus 
rerersus Continentem et alias quam plurimas insulas adinvenit qutbus 
none Hispani felicissime dominantur. Toto itaque quod ajunt aber- 
rant ccelo qui hunc continentem Americam nuncupari contendunt» 
cum Americus mM/t0 post Colnmtum eamdem terram adierit^ mc cum 
HufMMis iili, sed cum Portugallensibus nt sums mirces c$mmutMret, eo 
se contulit.' Cette note s^ere et en partie injuste, n'a pas empech6 
Pediteur d'ajouter I son Edition la carte de 1522 qui offire en grands 
caracteres le nom d'Am^rique," 


Dirat rtfortmiut ( Rjudkl, Ctmwunt, da Clsmd, Pt$l, Gmgr^ page 61. 
•j FABuaot, Bihiitk, Grsecm^ VoL T, page 276. 
I PAMUft"*, AuasJei Typ9gr,^ Vol. Tii, page 365, No. 776. 
HomiAMM, Ltxicw^ Vol. m, page 319. 
BauNST, Vol. IT, col. 955. 
LabanofFCataloguey page S, No. 23. 

jure lUdii coenemd^i esse, 9 mtmimmm de or Philadelphia, and which we were oom- 

homine hoc tarn impio jmsti Gf meriti timf- pelled to go to Boston to consult. We 

turn Gemexnefuiue SMfpIiciumf per Joaumem should not mention this drcnniatance, 

CWv/ffMs ; Oliva 8?o, 1554. which in other commonities will cer- 

'* See, alsoy an elaborate article in the tainly seem tririal, bat for a desire on 

New Atemirs of LiteratMref Lond., Svo, oor part to sUte, that if we have 1 

1725-7, Vol. I, p. 26, sf, US book collectors whoae selfishness is a 

'• Examea Crhipie, Vol. it, p. 137, scandal and a disgrace, we can also boast 

mote. of a few bibliophUes who delight in plac- 

*^ Thanks to the Rev. S. R. Johnson, ing within the reach of those who need 

Professor in the N. Y. General Theolog- them all the resources at their command. 

ical Seminary, we have at last obtained Dr. Johnson u one of these, and we take 

the loan of a copy of Panser*s Annalet this method to acknowledge the faTor re- 

Typoirafhici i a work we were unable to ceived at his hands, and to express our 

purchase, hire or borrow in New York sincere gradtude. 


Digitized by 


34^ BibBotheca Ammcana. 

'535* 2II« STEINHOWEL (fy^fFithiM MM mmMmimtii k$rdir, with 

HK^BHHB midsllhns m wo$dcnts : 

^roniea ©efcl|rel-« 

img Ml gewelMie •■sewge.iStimlltler tteli ffifMi' 

iie«i9ir«i«f« || 8M«ke«ietMlf i<ll|gnif4tffirMi|| |if« 
ti?{niiiiefe«iMMiefifiMetiM||inil tlgMg. Vtj^ 
grt«i«ir||Ug|le« $i|l«r»iO« tl •(i||fe Ml 8lft$i 
«t4 $i-|IMf#er »trt|ett||lef4riie».|| J^ \\ •etnUtt 
3« 9niitfe«firti tM 9lleli«i || Dei ^flUw CgeMiffouH 

In fin* : 

M.D.XXXV. ImJngnstmn. 

%* FoliOf title one leaf + five unnumbered preliminanr leavet* 
text i-cxxxvix numbered leaves. Woodcut hj H. S. Benliam*. 

(PriTttc libniy. New Yoric) 
See verso of cm : 

8i« ttweriet Inn kierUm #e|( ler Sett ii| Hum 

m . cccc xcbii * erf«iike«.|| 

We are of impression that the present is a later edi- 
tion of H enrich Steinhowel's Chronicle, of which the 
Kloss Catalogue* mentions one dated Frankfort, 1531. 

Dirttt rtftrtmm * GtAinB| YoL n* ptge 140. 

I eib* 212* LORiTz OR GLAREJtNus-^^ Ht Gcographia liber 
^g^^gsam unus, ab ipfo autore iam tertio recognitus. Apud Fri- 
burgium BrifgoiaeAn. M.D.XXXVL Dicavii autor Joanni 
a Lafco Poloniae baroni. In fine : Apud Friburgwm 
Brifgoicum Anno. M,D.XXXVL Excudebai Jommes Faber 
Emmeus Juliacenfis. 4. 

** Hir/cb ATtlUn. in. p. 52. BM. Dilbnr.*' 


' Pa|e 291, No. 4049. ' jUmsU* Tff^.f YoL TU, p. 6i» No. i^ 

Digitized by 


BibHotheca Americana. 347 

213. TRITBSMUS {J.)—Rict$ $f the first leaf: ' 5 3 ^» 


ABBATIS SPANHEllmenfisEpiftolanim 
familiarum libri duo ad diver || fos Ger- 
manise Principes, Epifcopos, ac eru || di- 
done praeftantes uiros, quorum || Catalogus 
fubiedus eft. || 

Woodcnt representing two heads, then : 

Caefarea Maiejftatis, ne quis alius impune 
intra || quatuor annos imprimat. || H AGA- 
NOAE EX OFFICINAII Petri Brubachij, 

%* 4to, tide one leaf -{- seven annnmbered letvet -{- three han- 
dred tnd forty-fonr pages. 

(Imperial Libraiy, Parit.) 

Whatever may be the merits of this laborious Bene- 
dictine (born in 1462, died in ici6 or 1519'), as a pro- 
lific describer of books which existed only in his imagin- 
ation, or else which were destroyed immediately after 
his elaborate description of them, for no traces have 
been seen since, he is entitled to a place in this BibHo- 
theca only on account of a letter, dated August 12th, 
1507, and addressed to Jo. Valdicus Monapius, wherein 
the ''uncritical" Spanheim abbot complains that he is 
too poor to purchase a map (probably Ruysch's) which 
cost at Worms as much as forty florins. The passage 
is on page 296, and as follows: 

* Spondb*! continaation of Baroniut* Ltr, Juiewums iet Sovmhs^ Vol. ii, page 
Amudts^ Anno 1499, n. xi, «^ Bail- 14, m0te i. 

Digitized by 


34^ BibBotheca AmerUoHa. 

1^3 6* '' CompaniTi antem mihi tnte ptacot diet pro tere modico, tpluenm 

^^^^^^^ orbit polchrtm, in qoandute panra nuper Argentiiue imprettun, 
timul ec in magnt ditpotitione globom teme in pltno expannim com 
Intulit et Regionibat noTiter tb Americo Vetputio Hitpano inTentu 
in Mari Occidentali, tc vertut Meridien ad Parallelom ferme dcci- 
mum* (qnadragetimum)/* 

Kloss' annotation' *' Ed. mnca^* can only refer to a 
separate edition of those valuable Epistles, as they are 
included in the Opera histmca^ Francrf.^ 1601, foK 

•I Pamsib JbmsU* Tj^ftgr.^ YoL ni, pige 115. 
I MoRBU, Duthmmsirt^ YoL Tin, pige 130. 

CAMCBLUEftiy Diitnismkni^ page 46. 

BtumtT, Yol. Tiy No. 1873a. 

Camotai, ft^tgif pAge 299. 

L11.BWBL, Gitgr. im Mtyem^j^e^ YoL II, ptge 145, mm. 

Bodldan Catalogiiey Yol. in> ptge 669. 

214* '* Pbtri Martyris ab Anglbria de r^us 
Oceanids et de orbe novo decades. Lut, Paris. 1536. 

In-fol." (jMMMAn*.) 

We failed to discover other mentions of this edition 
than those to be found in Graesse^ who copies Brunet, 
and in Brunet^, who copies Temaux. The British 
Museum, Mazarine and Imperial Libraries at Paris, 
as well as the private collections in this country, all so 
rich, have been duly ransacked, but such an edition 
could not be found. 

* ** Psrslielmm deeimam doit designer * Tratr, Vol. i, p. 130. 
50^ d*aprds TuMgei bien connu par la letcre ' AiUniul^ Vol. i, col. 293. 

de Totcanelli, de compter 5^ pour chaqtie * The translation of Oricdo, by Pouoa, 

intenralle.** — D*Atbsac. mentioned by Ternaux (No. 47), under 

* Catalogue, page 158, No. 3618. the date of 1536, is erroneously dated. It 

* Vossivs, dt Lmtim Histtr.^ page 644. was printed at Paris by Vascosan in 1556. 

* BibtUtkifMt AmiricatHt, No. 47 6is, (See, m^a^ p. 340, note 9.) 

Digitized by 


BihBothtea Americana. 349 

215. MAXlUtLlAK or TttANartrANlA V PtGAFiTTA. 1536. 
Rtctt rf tbt first Uaf: ^^^^^ 

IL VI AGGIO II PATTO DA GLi spa||gnivo- 
LiA II TORNO a'l || mondo. || Coii Gratia per 

%* 410, itMi hc9 (but supposed to htve been printed tt Venice), 
title one leaf, -{- three preliminary leaves, -(- forty-seven un- 
numbered leaves. On the recto of the last leaf, a short vocab- 
ulary of the langtiage of Brazil. No water-mark. 

(Private Libnr., New York and ProYideace.) 

The present contains an Italian translation of the two 
accounts of Magellan's voyage already described {supra^ 
Nos. 122 and 134). The version ot Pigafetta's narra- 
tion is taken from Fabre's French translation^ which 
itself was made from the Italian. If Pigafetta's account 
was originally written in French, how is it that Fabre 
had to copy an Italian original ? If it was originally 
written in Italian, how is it that the present translation 
was made from the French ? 

** Je m'etais d'abord £6 i Ramusio, qui s'exprime i &ire croire que 
c'est lui qui le premier avait songe i traduire en italien I* Ex trait in 
voyagi de Pigafitta fiiit par Fabre, et la lettre de Maximilien Tran- 
silvain ; mais j'ai trouv6 depuis que Ramusio n'a fait que copier une 
traduction imprim6e k Venise en 1536 [the above]. 

** II n'a chang6 que fort peu de mots. II a abrege le discours pr6- 
liminaire, a supprim6 les numeros des cent quatorze chapitres dans 
lesquels Fabre avait divis6 I'ouvrage, et y a aiout6 les titres des cha- 
pitres dans lesquels il Pa divis6 lui meme. II en a m8me copi6 les 
fiiutes les plus grossi^res ....'' 


Dirtct rtfenncu: ( Bihlhtlucm Heheriams^ Part ix» No. 3119. 
•j Bihli9the€M Grenvilliama^ page 548. 
I BibH9tkecm BrowmiMMOf page 19, No. 67. 
Hist$rical Nugieti, No. 1753. 
Ubri Catalogue for 1861, No. a88. 

BtimxT, Vol. ▼, col. 1 1 67, containt alto a sharp bat merited 
reply to the overrated Dibdin*. 

* Frtmier wysge mufmr dm Mndt^ p. ilv, Mott, ' See Library Omfsmhn^ p. 409. 

Digitized by 


350 BibBotheca jfmeruana. 

153^* 216. FLAUiNius {JOHN ANTBONTy-^* Epiftok ad Pau- 
■■■■■■■^ lum III. Pont. Max. initio Pontificatus . £/a^/2^ belli 
recentis Aphricani defcriptio ad Ampliflf. P. Antonium 
Puccium Sandorum Quatuor Cardinalem . Etufdem de 
quibuidam memorabilibus novi Orbis nuper ad nos 
tranfmiflis ad eundem . Eiufdem Conflidus ille Pannoni- 
CU8 cum Turcis, in quo Pannoniae rex interiit. In fine: 
Bononiae op . Vincent . Bonardum Parmen . et Marc. Anta- 
nium Carpen .Jocios . Anno Jalutis M.D , XXXVI. Menfis 
Mar Hi . 4. 

** Bibl. Sen. Lipfr 


This Flaminius must not be mistaken for the John 
Flaminius whose life and death are related in so touch- 
ing a manner by yalerianus\ The reader will find a 
full account of John Anthony Flaminius (i. e. Zarrabini 
de Colignola, 1 464-1 536), in Vossius', Fabricius^ and 
Tiraboschi'. We suppose that this epistle de quibusdam 
in Novo Orbcy is also to be found in Capponi's edition^ 
of Flaminius' Letters. 

217. ziSGLER {jjiMBsy-^^Terrae/anffae, quam Palaef- 
iinam nominant, Syriae^ Arabiae^ Aegypti et Schondiae doc-- 
tiffima defcriptio y una cumjlngulis tabuUs earundem regioMtm 
typographicis (lege topographids) authore iacobo zibg- 
LSRO, Landavo-Bavaro. Holmiae plane regiae urbis color 
mitoffima clades, ab eodem^ dejcripta, Terrae JanBae altera 
dejcriptioy iuxta ordinem alphabetic quae ad fcripturom 
proxime direSa efty util{ffima etiom plebeio leffori, authore 

* AMWsla Tjpogr^ YoL ix, p. 415, No. « BiUitkttM iitd. fif Jm/m. Lmt. Lib. 
164. TI,^50I. 

* it Litursif, InfelUitMU^ Lib. 1, p. 13. * Si»rU dt U Ltt, list,. Vol. yd, p. 140!. 
' ir Hiutkii L^nUf p. 6Ss. * Efitt, fsmilisru$ BoIo|M» 410, 1744. 

Digitized by 


Bih&otheca Americana. 351 

WOLFGANGO yvsisssNBVRGio, pridcm Acodemtae Bafili" 1536. 
enfis Mathematico, Index totius aperis locupletiffimuSy qui 9=BBsssssa 
in priori editione dejiderabatur. ElenchuSy quo libro et 
capite Bibliorumy et quoties Jlnguli Palaeftinae loci continen- 
tur. Argentorati, apud Vuendelinum Richelium 1536. 
\in-foiy\ (MiuiEt«.) 

See the chapter relating to ^' Schondia/' and our No. 


2 I 8. BROCARD 9 PETER MARTTR-^Rectc of tbi first iiof: 
DESCRI- II PTio TERRAS 8ANCTAE || cxa&iffima, autore Bro- 

cardo Mona-||cho libellus diuinarum rcriptura-||ruin ftudiofis, 

multolJvtilifEinus. II 

De Nouis Infulis nuper repertis, & de||nioribus incolanim 

earundem^jlper Petrum Martyrem || res le&u digna.H 
If ANTVERPIAE jj In aedibus loannis Steelfii || Anno a 

Chrifto nato II M.D.XXXVI. H 

C9l9fb$u : 

Typis loan Graphei. || M.D.XXXVI. || 

%* Sm. 8vo for size, signatures in fours, title one leaf 4* twenty- 
eight unnumbered leaves, then the di insulis in nineteen un- 
numbered leaves, on the verso of the last a vignette, with the 
words : ** 10. stbbl sivs. Concordia, res parue crescunt." 

(Prirate libr., New York, Brooklyn and Providence.) 

A copy before us, in all other respects like the pres- 
ent, lacks the colophon. 

The first part contains only an account of a journey 
to the Holy Land in 1232, by a Dominican monk, of 
German origin, called Brocard, Brochard, or Brocardus, 
often quoted by Danville. The second part, which 

* OuNUi, BiUiotkeea^ p. 388. Catalog, Ubror. rarhr, (ed. 1753), P* 734> 

" Bihliotk Hisi9r.^ Vol. 1, Part 11, p. Bobclsi, Bihli^gr, cHikOf f, 571; BAoa, 

95 { Fakttao, jSmaitcta, p. 1114$ Vogt, BiMotJL Lih, Rar. ««rvfrt.. Vol. it, p. 323. 

Digitized by 


2^2 BibUotheca AmiricoHa. 

1^26. b^ns at the twenty-ninth leaf, is the extract from 
^aa^a^^ Peter Martyr, described, supra^ page 187, No. no. 

Dirut rrfirewtu t ( BiUiotktcM GrttMfWisaM^ page 98. 

i Bibli^thies Br§wmisaMf p«ge 19, No. 66. 
I BiUitktes Bsrlrwis^ — ^ 
RiCHy SMffUmeat, page %. 
BBVUBTy Vol. ly coL 1270. 

I C37. 219. SMRo Bosco {oioyANNi D/>-." SphcTa Volgarc 
BHBmv novamente tradotta con molte notande addition! di 
Geometria, Cofmographia, Arte Navigatoria, et Stcrco- 
metria, Proportioni et Quantita delli Elementi, Dif- 
tanze, Grandeze, et Novimenti di tutte li Corpi celefti, 
cofe ccrtamcnte rade et maravigliofe. Auctorc M. 
M auro Fiorentino Phonafco et Philopanareto, curims 
woodcuts (two containing a globe with America). 4to, 
VenetiiSy B. Zanetti^ ^S37* Printed ^ad iftanzia di Gio- 
van' Orthega di Cation Burgenfe Hifpano comorante in 
Fircnze* No doubt this Orth^ was the author of 
the arithmetical Treatife printed at Rome in 1 515, as 
M auro calls him a mathematician** 

It is evident that a work originally written in the 
early part of the thirteenth century cannot contain any- 
thing on America ; but the De Sphera of Sacro-Bosco 
(1. e. John Holywood, Oxon.) became to the mathema- 
ticians and geographers of the century following the 
re-discovery oy Columbus an inexhaustible source of 
commentaries, some of which certainly contain refer- 
ences to the oceanic discoveries, attributed, especially 
by the Italian commentators to Vespuccius. The above 
contains only a woodcut, but Fr. Giuntini's Comrnen- 
taria (chap, in), present features of greater interest; 
unfortunately the date of publication* excludes the 
work from our BibUotheca. 

' Catalogue for 1861, No. 641 a. * LyoM, 1578, 8to. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 2S3 

2 20. GIUSTINIANI (AUG,)^Reet$ of tbi first leaf: ^537* 


TAVOLA II della Eccelfa & lUuftriffima 
Republi. di Genoa, da fideli & approuad 
Scrit/ II tori, per el Reueredo Monfignore 
Agoftino Giuftiniano Genoefe Vefcouo dill 
Nebio accuratamente racolti. Opera cer- 
tamete molto laudeuole, a Stu/||dio{i afTai 
comoda, & communemente a tutti vtilif- 
{ima. Facedo per || la varieta delle opere 
chiaramente conofcere, quanto fi deb || ba 
da tutti riprouare el male, &; conflante- 
mente pro/ 1| curare el bene della fua Re- 
publica. II ^ 1^ «^ II 

Then Urge woodcut, two angeli supporting the anni of Genoa, with 

f GENOA. II ^ M.D.XXXVII. 4» || 

* John Stoiptlbk, born in Suabia, in grapher. We, therefore, mffu that there 

1452 (Baylb), or in 1471 (D*Atbzac, may be t map or some ptMage relating to 

Proj*cti9Ms Geogr.f p. 49), died in 1530 America in the following work t 

(D*ATKtAC, ioc, dt.)f or at Tubingue, in ** Cftm^grafAicst slifutt dttcripti9M*9j9, 

1 511 (VoMiut, de AfatJkaiy lib. in, p. 148), StdeJUri juuingemth m at k mM iei iasigmh $ 

or at Blaubert, in 1531 (Mblch. Adam, de tplUtra e0tm9grapkiem^ di dmpliei ternt 

yit, P kilts. ^ p. 74), of the plague or from proieetitne in pummm^ ite tsi^ qus rstione 

the efiect of a tbelf which ttniclc him cwmmodims ck^4t eosmtgrapkicst^ fuss mm^ 

on the head, in accordance with hit own pM mundi vcamty desigmsri fmeamtf OmnU 

prediction (CALvitiot, ap, Baylb), was reetm data per J; Dryatidnm, Marporg. 

not only a mathematician, astronomer and Eucb. Cenficornus, 1537.*' 

utrolof^ bat also a rtmarktble cotmo- %* 4(0, ao U. + 5 pUtet or maps. 


Digitized by 


354 BihBttheca Americana, 

1537. C»l*th$»: 

— — ^ Finifcono li annali della Inclita Citta 
di Genoa c6 diligen || cia, & opera del 
nobile Laurentio Lomellino forba, flapadll 
in la detta citta Lanno dell'incarnacione 
del noftro Si/ 1| gnore. M.D.XXXVIL Et 
nono della reforma II ta Liberta. Regnante 
el quinto Duce. Per || Antonio Bellono 
Taurinefe con gratia || & priuilegio della 
eccelfa Re/ 1| publica di Genoa, a di || xviii. 
de Mazzo. || l{l || ^ ^ || ^ || 

%* Folio, title one leaf 4* thirteen unnumbered leaves 4* two hun- 
dred and eighty-two numbered leaves. 

(Hinrard College Library.) 

These are the well-known annals of the Republic of 
Genoa by Giustiniani, the editor of the polyglot 
Psalter (No. 88 bis). The work contains on fol. ccxiix 
an interesting account of Columbus, and a mention of 
the bequest supposed to have been made by the Ad- 
miral ^^ all* ufficio di. S, Georgia la decima parted* of what 
he owned, for the erection of an hospital, we believe. 
The passage is sometimes cited to impart an air of 
authenticity to the codicil, made according to military 
usage, and written on a blank leaf of a breviary, said to 
have been presented to Columbus by Alexander VI, 
and found afterwards in the Corsini library at Rome, or 
picked up in a book-stall, and purchased for a few 

As to the Annals, Bayle quotes Francesco Zazzera% 
to prove that the manuscript was tampered with by the 

' N%tt% om Cflumhittf p. 160. ' aptid Micm. JurriNiANi, gii Scritt9ri Ligmr,^ p. 19. 

Digitized by 


Biblioiheca Americana. ^SS 

editor or publisher. Some extracts and translations 1537* 
into French will be found in one of the histories of ^bs-bsb 

Lewis XII, published by Theodore Godefroy'. 

: r Joi 
\ Vo 
I Ha 

Dirtet rtftrtmctt : C Jovius, Blogis Doctor, vinr,, cap. cxzz. 

Vossivt, de Himr, Lath,^ lib. ni, page 68 1. 

Hatm, Biblhteea It^lianay Vol. i, page ica. 

FoMTAKiNiy Bibliot. delT Rlofmttma itai.. Vol. ii, page %%%, 

Cancillixbj, Disurtamomif page 139. 

BftUMST, Vol. iiy col. 1 61 8. 

Bihllotheca GrunfiUiama^ Part II, page ill. 

Crevenna Catalogue, Vol. y, page 101. 

221. BORDONS {B,)^fFitbin a wUi •mamintei htdir: 




con li lor nomi antichi &|| moderni, hiilorie, 
fanolC) &; modi || del loro viuere, & in qual 
parte || del mare ftanno, 8c in qual || parallelo 
& clima||giaciono.||RICORRETTO ET 
DI II Nvovo RisTAMPATo || con la gionta del 
Monte II del Oro nouamente || ritrouato. || 

Then vignette, and IN VENETIA. 

Stampato in Venetia per Francesco di 
Leno. II 

%* Folio, siuni tnno, title one leaf + nine preliminary leave* + 
seventy-four numbered leaves. 

(Prirate Ubrarr, New York.) 

We suppose the above to be the edition mentioned 
by Rich*, with the following note : 

* Our readers are aware that thii learned ton'i, and Jean de Saint-OeUia' Wtttira 
joriit pabliihed at Paris, between 1615 it hnh XII. 
and i6i», Qaude de Seyasel's, Jean d'Au- * BiUiuktca jiMuriuma Vttn, Ko. 1^ 

Digitized by 


35^ Bib&otheca Americana. 

I C ^ 7 • ** This edition was probably published before 1 540. At the end 
^gg^g^^^^ i« « <^opy of • letter from the Prefitt$ of New Spain, giving an ac- 
count of the conquest of Peru, by Pizarro, in 1933. At p. 10 is 1 
plan of the great city of Temistitan (Mexico)." 

DirHi rtftrtn€t» t f MafHtem O^ m mh i Mm m ^ No. 10. 

•] Sttvemt" jhterksa BiUhgr^ktr^ page 41. 
I BtVMBT, Vol. I, coL 1 1 II. 

222* NUNEZ {PMDRoy-^^ Tratado da Sfera^ com a Theo- 
rica do Sol, & da Lua, e primeiro libro da Geogn^ dc 
Claudio Ptolomeo AUxandrino [aumentados con muchas ano- 
taciones y figuras para Ju mas facil inteligencia^'] Hunc 
Nonnius [1. e. the above Nufiez], annotadonefque & 
figuras adjunxit. Simul editus eft : 

^' Um [dos^'] Tratado em defenfam da Carta de marear 
com regimiento da ahura [en los cuales fe declaran todas 
las prinUpales dudas de la nauegacion^ con las tablas del 
movimiento delfolyfu declinacion^ y el regimiento de la al- 
tura ; aft al medio dia, como en los otros tiempos'] Olifipone 
apud Germanum Gallardum 15379 in folio." 


Black letter, pp. 26. (Rm'.) 

"E\ c61ebre Martin Alfonso de Sousa, propuso k Nufiez rarias 
dudas sobre la nauegacion, de resulus de la que habia hecho fi It 
India por los mares del sur ; y la satisfaccion que 616 i ellas la abri6 
campo para examinar los principios cientificos de la nautica y refotar 
los errores en que se incurria, por la ignorancia de los navegantes. 
Con este objeto habia escrito y publicado en 1537, dedidmdolo al 
Infante D. Luis." (NATAmtxTs>.) 

For a magnificent and true eulogium on Nufiez, the 
greatest of the Portuguese mathematicians (born in 
1492, died in 1577), the teacher of Don Sebastian of 

> Diuertsehu mbrt U Hitfrit ir U ' Bihlitk. Bii^. NtvM^YtA. u» p. 112. 
NsmtUs^ pp. 1 71-174. * BihlhtA, Amerksms f^etmt. No. a6. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 357 

Portugal, and the precursor of Newton (as regards the 1 537. 
theory of light and colors, in the De Crepuscu/is), see «««-.- 
Navarrete', Barbosa y Machado^ Stockier^ Montucla*, 
and Teissier^. M. Denis says that " le P. Simon de Vas- 
concellos lui attribue un Roteiro do BrasiL qui n'a jamais 
ete pubhe. 

223. HUTTICH'GRrNAEUS^Rict$ $f the first Utf: 



RVM II una cum tabula cofmographica, & 
aliquot alijs confimilis || argumenti libellis, 
quorum omnium catalogus || fequenti pate- 
bit pagina. || His accemt copiofus rerum 
memorabilium index. || 

Then printer's mark, and 

Nihil arduum fatis. 


Nauigatio Caroli Caefaris aufpicio in co- 
mi/ II tijs Auguftanis infHtuta.* || basileae 


* BHIileta LusiumU. * jUglki: Like No. 171, with the lA- 

* Buau iitor. litre e trigtm t fngr. dition of the following: 

Ja$ matktm. em PortKgtIi Parii, 8ro, 1819. "To tbii lut edition ii added the navi- 

* HiueireJei Maliimatipui^$6), gation undettaken under the auapicea of 
Vol. I, p. 46I. the Emperor Charle*. 

* Eltget 4ei Seavemt, Vol. i, p. 471. " Basle, Norember, 1537" 

Digitized by 


358 BibBotheea Americana. 

1537. C$l$phM: 

BRI. II ANNO M. D. XXXVI. [stc) \\ 

%* Folio, title one letf -f twcnty-four onnumbered leaTCS + six 
hundred pages + one leaf on vers$ of which the printer's 
mark. Mappemond described as B, supra^ page 294. 

(Private Libr., New York and Prorideace.) 

In addition to the contents of the early editions, this 
contains the letter of Maximilian of Transylvania, from 
page 585 to page 600. 

I ; f Bibi 

\ Bihi 


Dirtct rtfirtmttt : ( Bihihtkecm Htkerisms^ Part m. No. 131. 
BiUitkecM BnwmisMm, page 19, No. 69. 
Bihliptkeea Bsrhwimut^ page 14. 
Bib!i9tke€M Brtv^rtmmty — 
Kion Catal., page 106, No. aS88. 
TadMELy No. 10, nnder the date of 1536. 

I c^S* 224* SABELLicus^^^ K\i3i^{o^\2t Hiftoriarum Ennea- 
dum. Bade, Hervagius, 1538, a vols., fol." 


''Cette Edition en quatre volumes in f§lio^ chez Henragius [the 
complete edition of 1560] avait ete pr6ced6e Pan 1538 par une Edition 
en deux Volumes in f$li§y chez le meme Hervagius ; mais celle-ci ne 
contenait que les Enneades, & les dix Lirres d'Exemples, avec une 
HistQrica Synopsis, qui continuait les Enn6ades jusques ^ l'ann6e 1538. 
Cette continuation fut faite par Celius Secundus dnrion." 


225* LORiTZ OR GLjiRSANus^^* De Geographia Liber 
unus. FeneL SabiOy 1538, 8vo." 

{BihlitktcM Bekerimu^,) 

* BihlitktcM Hisfrics, Vol. I, Part i, ' DktioMmsfre, Vol. nr, p. loS, m§et £. 
pege 96. • Part 1, No. 2967. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheea Americana. 2S9 

2 26* MARINSO {L,y^fFitbm a tdsteful border : ^539* 


Then the arms with the double-headed eagle, followed by 

i^ttclo iSlarineo ^intlo Oto- II ronifta D fuss iSlaiefs: 
tatiest II )f( lass cofass memora || ties )fe IBfpafta. II 

Aflo de. M.D.xxxix. 

Colophon : 

C Ecabofe la ptefente obta )f( lass co- 1| fass S(l^ 
Ittftress s excellentess )fe iSfpafta. atompuefta pot 
el ^foctiffinu) II baron 2.uclo iSlarineo ^(ntlo Otoro^ 
nifta )f( ftt. 3* at. <Kt. II iSl. IBn la noble Silla )fe 
aieala tie l^enatess. i&n II cafa tre Suan tre iSto^ 
car I a Otatorf e tiiass trel II mess tre iFulto* IBe JQlU s 
<!|ttinientoss || s ^Tresnta s B^uene Eftoss. || (/.) 

%* Folio, title one leaf 4* lune preliminary leaves + one hundred 
and ninety-two nombered leaves. 

(Harvard CoU. Library^) 

Our readers recollect that the great decay of letters 
in Spain under John II, Henry I V, and even of Fer- 
dinand and Isabella, was followed by a revival, due 
chiefly to the example of Italy at that time, and the 
influence of a few Italian scholars who had made Spain the 
land of their adoption, among whom the author of the 
work before us may be said to have exercised a greater in- 

' Preicott*! bequest. 

Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

'539* ^^^'^^^ ^^^^ ^"7 other. Lucius or Lucas* Marineo, called 
^^m/mmm Siculus, owlng to his Siciliati origin, was born about 
the year 1460. From Palermo, where he Uught Belles- 
Letters, he removed to Spain, and held lor twelve 
years the Chair of Latin Literature in the University 
of Salamanca. He was afterwards appointed to the 
offices of Royal Chaplain and official historiographer', 
and is supposed to have died shortly after the year ^S33' 
He wrote a number of historical works*, of which Gin- 
guene says' '^qu*il destinait ses recherches plutot a plairc 
a ses protecteurs qu*a instruire ses lecteurs*.'* We do 
not know whom Marineo intended to please in writ- 
ing the present, but it is worthy of notice that in the 
chapter De otras yslas apartadas del Hemispherio Uamadas 
Indias (fol. clxj), he calls the great Genoese navigator: 
'' Pedro Colonr 

M eusel says^ of this work : Primo opus hocce prodiit 
Compiuti 1533. fol. (in Latin, for we mention, supra^ 
No. 159, a Spanish edition of 1530), dein Franconirti 
1570 in Roberti Belt coUectione, simulaue separatim, 
tandemque in Andreae Schotti Hispania illustrata T. L 


We were in hopes that Lucio Marineo's correspond- 
ence* might prove as interesting as Peter Martyr's, who 
was his personal friend, but we failed to find in it any- 
thing relating to the subject before us. 

Diritt rtftrtmeut ( Bihlhikitm Hthtrismm^ Part T, No. 2885. 
•j Bftimrry VoL 11I9 col. 1431. 
( ORAmBy YoL IT, p«ge 400. 

" Antomio, BihlUtk. Hitp, Novs^ Yd, 
If, p. 369 (Appendix). 

' TiRABOscHiy SioHs d, Lett, Itai.^ Vol. 
TFT, p. 1008, <f. 

* MoNGTTotx, Bihli9tktca Sia$it$ Paler- 
mo, foL, 1 720-1, Vol. n. 

* Hiatire Lit, tTJtslit, Vol. Tilly p. 361. 

* Prescott*! opinion it much more favor- 
able. " It it,** tayt be, " a rich repotitory 
of detaib retpecting the geography, tu- 

tittict and mannen of the Penintola, with 
a copiottt butodcal notice of erenti in 
Ferdinand and Itabella't reign.** (Biu. 
9/ FerJinmmd mmJ IsaMlm, Vol. n, p. 

'94. •) 

* BiblhtkecM Historictf Vol. Ti, Pan i» 
p. j8. 

' SfimidrmmfsmiiiarmmlUri ZTnycr^ 
tiomet et esrmtMt; Valladolid, fol.^ 1514* 
(Prirate Libr., N. Y.) 

Digitized by 


BihBotheca Ameriama. 361 

227. ANONTMOU^-Ricto of tbi first leaf: '539* 


B^obil Otitta nmittamSte tftrouata alle %x^ 

die conli fuoi coftumi r modi del fuo Re 
X foi popoli. II Li modi del fuo adorare con 
la bella vfanza delle donne loro.|| Et delle 
dua perfone Ermafrodite donate da quel || 
Re al Capitano della Armata. || J^ || 

Then small woodcut, followed by nineteen lines of text. 

%* Sm. 4to, sine anno ant loco ; two unnumbered leaves printed 
in Roman characters. No water-mark. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

The present is dated ^' xxx di Settembre M • D . 
XXXIa/' and unquestionably an original. See, supra^ 
Nos. 191 and 206. 

228* zoRiTz OR GLAREANUS^^^ Dt geograpHia liber 
I. Frib. Brisg. p. J. Fabrum 1539 in 4**.'* 


'' Prima ancor di Werdenkagen e del ^Munstero vegonsi dal 
Glareano decorati col comun titolo di Condottieri e il Colombo e 
il Vespucci quae regiones ab Hispanis lustratae sunt Columbo Gen- 
uensi et Americo Vesputio nauigationis Ducibus. 

** Henr. Glar. Geogr. an, 1539 /• 35. Rifl^ftono gli Avversarj cbe 
al dire del Glareano {Rag. /. 80) gli Ammiragli, i Capitani di mare, 
i Condottieri de IP imprest fur ono Spagnuoli; Colombo e Vespucci non 
pik cbe Piloti Acutissima riflessione /" &c.» &c. 


* IVIffr, Yol. m, p. 93. * yiu^ p. ft69, and U9t$, 


Digitized by 


362 BiUhtkeca Americana. 

1539. ^^9* ^«*^^^t^»-" Petri Apiani I Cofmographia, per 
Gemmam || Phryfium, apud Louanienfes Medicum' ac 
Mathema- 1 ticum infignem, rcftituta. Additis de adem 
re ipfius 1 Gemmse Phry. libellis, vt fequens pagina 
docet. II Un globe. II ^ Vaencunt Antuerpise in pingui gal- 
lina Arnoldo Berckm^no . 1.5. 3. 9.1 A la fin. ^ Ab- 
folutum Antuerpie per A^dium Coppenium, 1 cura & 
impenfis Arnoldi Berckman, 1 Anno Chriftiano, 1539/' II* 
4^ 61. fc, I fnc. Fig. Rom. 


Tromel erroneously considers this edition as the first 
containing Gemma Frisius' annotations. (See, supra^ 
page for an edition of 1533-) 

1540* 230. AFIANUS^OBMMArRISIUS^RictiiftbiJirstUMf: 


PER GEMMAM || Phryfium, apud Louanienfes 
Medicum ac Mathematicarum || infignem, 
Denuo reftituta. Additis de eadem re 
ipfius II Gemms Phry. libellis, quos fequens 
pagina docet. || 

Then globe, and below : 

M . D . XL . II Vseneunt Antuerpiae in 
pingin gallina Arnoldo Berkmdno. || 

* Angth}: Coimography of Peter Apian For sale in Antwerp, ac the sign of tlie 

r eit o re d by Gemma Frisios, physician at Fmt Hen, by Arnold Berckman. 

LottTain, and a distingubhed mathemati- Finished at Antwerp by Egidiut Coppen, 

dan, together with the treatises on the by the care and at the expense of Arnold 

same subject by Gemma Frisins himself, Berckman, A. D. 1539. 

as will be seen in the following pages. * Bihliot Aifme AmiricMne^ No. 11. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca AmericafM. ^6^ ' 

C§l9pb»n: 154^* 

Excufum Antuerpiae opera Aegidij Copenij. y Anno a Chrifto ^mmmmmm 
nato . I 5 4 o . H 

%* 4to ; title one leaf -|- two unnumbered leaves -|- folios num- 
bered from nil to Lxiy followed by one unnumbered leaf, 
with vignette or printer's mark on vers§ / revolving diagrams ; 
no map in the present copy. 

(PriTate Library, New Vork.) 

** C'est d'apr^s Tedition de 1540 qu'a ith fiute la traduction Fran- 
9aise [infra].** 


Dirtet rtferenets s ( CLiMiNT Biblhtkique Qtritiue, Vol. i, page 405, in a note correct- 
•I ing HiNDKXiCM CafuJ PamJeetmt BrsMdirkmrgieoif page 210). 
I OtAsni, Vol. X, page 159 ( ? ). 
^ Mamulf Vol. i, col. 34a. 

231. FTOLRMT^MUNSTER^RiCf •/ tbi first Uof: 

GEOGRAPHIA || vniversalis, vetvs et 


VIII. II Quorum primus noua tranflatione 
Pirckheimeri et || acceflione commentarioli 
illuftrior quam hade || nus fuerit, redditus 
eft. II Reliqui cum grseco & alijs. uetuftis 
exeplaribus col/ 1| lati, in infinitis fere locis 
cafligatiores fadi funt. || Addita funt in- 
fuper Scholia, quibus exoleta urbium || 
montium, fluuiorumcp nomina ad noftri 
feculi mo/ 1| rem exponuntur. || Succedunt 
tabulae Ptolemaic^, opera Sebaftiani Mun || 
fteri nouo paratae modo || His adiedae funt 
plurim^ nouae tabulae, moderna or/ 1| bis 

Digitized by 


364 BibHotheca Ammcana. 

1540* faciem Uteris & pidura explicantes, inter 
auas II qusdam antehac Ptolemaeo non 
hierunt additae.H Vltimo annexum eft com- 
pendium geographic^ de/ 1| fcriptionis, in 
quo uarij gentium & regionum ri/ 1| tus & 
mores explicantur. || Pr^fixus eftquocp uni- 
uerfo open index memorabiliu || populo- 
rum, ciuitatum, fluuiorum, montium, ter- 1| 
rarum, lacuum &c. || 


%* Folio, title one leaf -|- nine prelimintiy leaves, including six 
for the index ; -|- seventeen annambered leaves -|- one blank, 
-|- one hundred and fifty-four pages of text, and forty-eight 
maps, filling two leaves each, with descriptions on the reverse ; 
then an appendix (sometimes placed before the maps), num- 
bering from 157 to 195. The first map is a mapp«mund, 
with the word America ; the forty-fifth, vix. : novab imsvi^ab, 
bears the following inscription on the southern portion of our 
continent : ** Insula Atlatica quam uocant Brasilij U Ameri- 
cam'/' The description is on the reverse. 

(Prirate Library, Kew York.) 

** Son edition de Ptol6m6e [1. /., Sebastian Munster's], cinq fois 
imprim6e, 1540, 1541, 1541, 1545, 1552, servit de modele I la nou- 
velle formation [/. /., modernized represenution of Ptolemy's inhabit- 
able world : n§va it quam antifuit, uerior Eunp^g firmatW] pour les 
autres g^ographes I r6tranger." 


Dirtct nfirewcts t f Biblhtbeea Hebtrimu^ Part t, No. 539S. 
•I Biblhikeca Bsrlowiama, page 15. 
I HomiAMif, Lexifu, Vol. m, page 319. 
Orabmx, Vol. ▼, page 501. 

* ili^/<CtfG9/mM^/tf0tf, No. 7, states that graphia uniTersalis de Munster . Basilis 
<*La misma [mapjl in la edicion de Hen- 15CO fbl.** 
ricQs Petrus Basilise 1545 i en la Cosmo- " Gitgr, dm Moytw-J^t^ VoL n, p. 176. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 365 

232* ANONYMOVS-^Ricf •f thi last UAf: I 54^* 

<tti)rtftopi)orttB (ttaftrera ISurgeiifCB ati lectotemll 
focti ioptifmi miniftru* Olicolon Jcofticf^on. || 
^i pancf pnoffe vx^\ uenetStri facertiois : 
Ut ftaptCjarC quClftet JntruB i^aftet :. ... etc. 

Then a long list of errata, and : 

Jmptimiofe efte manual tie Etrultoe en lallgrS 
dutratr li JSlexico pot matro^o D lois || iEteuetlHiffb 
nu)0 fefioteis oiifpois li la nueuall i&sspafia s a fue 
exp^fae : en cafa Tie Sua || iStomtetger. ^flo lil 
nacimieto li nueftro Mot II Sefu <Si)tifto D mill s 
quinietoe s ^(uatha* || E xU) Trias 91 meis li Betiefite. II 

%* This work exists only in fragments. 

(PriTate Libniy, Madrid.) 

The precise date of the introduction of printing in 
America is, as in almost every country, a Question which 
still perplexes the historian of the art. We do not pre- 
tend to be able to solve it to the satisfaction of every 
critic ; but thanks to the data kindly furnished us by 
SeAor Don Joaquin Garcia Icazbalceta, of the city of 
Mexico, whom we consider the highest authority on 
such matters, we are enabled to set forth an elaborate 
statement of the facts which, thus far, afford the only 
plausible arguments in the case. 

On one point bibliographers agree, viz. : the city of 
Mexico is entitled to the honor of having printed the 
first book on the American continent. But who was 
the first printer? What was the first book printed? 
What is the precise date when it was first issued ? In 
the absence of original proofs, the reader must deduce an 
answer to these queries from the following authorities : 

The earliest and most trustworthy author who men- 
tions the subject is Fray Augustin Davila Padilla, who 
says' that Fray Juan de Estrada : 

' H\u. it Ufvndacitn it U Proviiteia it Mixifi Bruxelles, fbl., 1625, P* 54^* 

Digitized by 


366 BihBothica Americana. 

I 5^^* ** Eftando en ctfa de Nooicios hizo una cofa, que por la primera 
^^^^^^^ que fe hizo en efta tierra bailaua para dark memoria, quando el autor 
no la tuulera, como la tiene ganada, por auer fido quien fue. £1 
primer libro que en efte nueuo mundo fe efcriuio, y la primera cola 
en que fe exercito la emprenta en efta tierraj, fue obra (uya. Daua- 
feles a los nouicios yn libro de S. luan Climaco, 7 como no loa 
auia en romance mandaronle que lo traduxefle de Latin. Hizolo affi 
con prefteza y elegancia, por (er muy buen Latipo y Romancifta, y fue 
fu libro el priroero que fe imprimio por Juan Pablos, primer imprefor 

Sue i efta tierra vino. Bien fe mueftra la deuocion de fanto Domingo 
e M6xico» en que m hijo fuyo haya fido el primeo que en efte mundo 
nueuo imprimieftey y cofa tan deuota como la efcalera fp^l de S. 
lua Climaco." 

From this authority we gather only two Acts, viz. : 
The EscalaEspirifualw^ the first book printed in Mexico, 
and Juan Pablos was the first printer who exercised his 
art in that city. The date must be borrowed from 
another author. 

Alonso Fernandez states* that : 

*' Efte padre [Juan de Eflradal imprimi6 la traducion que hizo de 
r. luan (;limaco» muy prouechou para gente que trau de devocion 
y efpiritu. Efte fiie el primero libro que fe imprimi6 en Mexico, y 
fu6 afio de mil y quinientos y treinta y cinco [i535]«" 

Fernandez agrees with Davila Padilla, but he omits 
the name of the printer, while he gives a date. 

We then find Gil Gonzales Davila, the official chron- 
icler of the Indies, who says' that: 

" En el afio de mil y quinientos y treinta y dos [1532] el virey Dd 
Antonio de Mendo^a lleuo la Imprenta a Mexico. El primer Im- 
preftbr fue luan Pablos ; Y el primer libro que fe imprimio en el 
Nuevo Mundo fiie el que efcrivo San Juan Climaco con titulo de 


' HiMi9riaE€laisstkadiMvetir§stiemf0s; rey {Hist,^ p. 122).** He is tuppoted 

Toledo^ foL, 161 1, p. 122. to have been a nadve of Mexico, and to 

^ * Tuaro B<l*tiastic$ dt U frimiihfa have died in 1579, tayt Antonio (Bih- 

Jglesia di Ut Indisi (kcidental*s j Madrid, /iMi. Hitf, Nova^ Vol. i, p. 686), on 

Ibl., 1649-55, Vol. I, p. 23. the aathority of Datila Papilla, /oc. <ff^ 

* <* Juan de la Magdalena** was the lib. 11, cap. LTn. If so, the latter hit. 

cloister name of Juan de Estrada, called torian, who was born in 1562, and joined 

bjr Fbinandis ** hijo legitimo del Vir^ the order of the Dominicans, in Mexico, 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 


The only discrepancy between this statement and the 1 540* 
two preceding, is in the date, which is certainly errone- aaBa-sK 
ously given oy Gil Gonzales Davila, as the Viceroy 
Mendoza did not come to Mexico until the middle of 
October 1535*. 

We then find an official document, lately discovered, 
which seems to counterbalance the claims of Pablos to 
the credit of having exercised his profession in Mexico 
as early as 1536, in any other capacitv than that of jour- 
neyman printer or agent. It is a privilege dated Octo- 
ber nth, 1554, granting in the name of the Viceroy 
Luis de Velasco, to Juan Pablos, the exclusive right for 
eight vears to carry on a printing establishment in New 
Spain . This document mentions another privilege 
granted by the king to Juan Pablos for six years, and 
extended oy the viceroy to four more, which last four 
years were then approaching their termination. That 
is, ten years in all, carrying us back to 1 544, as the date 
when Pablos was first authorized to print. We should 
also notice that it was not until 1556 that he assumed 
the title of ^^ primer impresor en esia grande^ insigne y muy 
leal ciudad de Mexico^.** 

Until some fortunate bibliophile succeeds in discover- 
ing a printed, dated and imprinted Mexican copy of the 
Escala espiritual^ we must remain in doubt as to the date 
and name of the printer. Such a discovery has not yet 
been made. No bibliographer either in Europe or in 
America has seen the book, and no author mentions it 

Not., I579» may have known de Ettradk 
peraonally ; which circumstance would in- 
crease the weight of his assertions. 

* It must be said, however, that the 
exact date of the arrival of Mendoza is 
yet a matter of discussion. Notwith- 
standing the authority of Fr. Baltaiar de 
Medina,* who gives the date of August 
15th, 1535, the journal of the sessions of 

* CrinicM dt U Prtvineia d$ San Di^ d* 
Mtjcif dt RtlM»$0$ dtseslfctt dt N, P, 8. Frmm- 
HK9i Mexico, toL, l68a, p. %i%. 

the Municipality of the city of Mexico 
(MS.) shows that on the 1 3th of October, 
measures were adopted to give a public 
reception to the vice-roy, and that, on the 
17th, the circumstance is mentioned as 
having taken place. 

* It should be noticed that, notwith- 
standing thu privilege, Antonio Espinota 
printed in Mexico before the expiration of 
the eight yean. 

^ In the colophon to Constituciones d»i 
anuhispadt de Mexic*; Mexico, fbl. 1556. 
(Private Libr., Mexico.) 

Digitized by 



BihUotheca Americana. 

1 540« di visu. It is even doubtful whether future inquirers 
mmtmsBB^ will be more successful. As the edition was made exclu- 
sively for the novices of the convent of St. Dominick, 
few copies must have been printed. These, being dis- 
tributed among students and even children, their de- 
struction could but be rapid ; and this is the reason, we 
suppose, why no copy has come down to us. The con- 
sequence is that some bibliographers deny that the book 
was ever printed at all in Mexico; and they find an 
additional argument in the dedication' affixed to the 
translation of the work made by Luis de Granada.' This 
translator says, after stating that there were already two 
translations : 

" De las cuales trtslaciones, la una et tambien antigua, y tan anti- 
gua, que apenas se entiende, y la otra, es may nuera, hecha por algon 
aragonet 6 yalenciano, la cual no et menos oscura y dificil que la 
patada, asi por la dificultad del libro» como por muchos yocablos que 
tiene peregrinos y estrangeros, como hab9rrms, siUdurnhn, mr»hihU 
y otros tales.** 

This ^^ new" translation made by an Arragonese is 
wholly unknown to us. The other " very old" is the 
anonymous version executed by command of the &mous 
Archbishop of Toledo, Ximenes de Cisneros"*. No 
mention is made of Juan de Estrada's translation in this 
dedication ; from which certain critics infer that it never 

* To Dona Catmliiuiy Qoecii of Portugtl, 
and wife of John III. 

* Orabssx mentions editiont oi Sala- 
manca, 1571, Valladolid, 15S3, and Mad- 
rid, 1 611, all 8yOy and **ane riimpreision 

rtlighM dt la •rdtm dt S, Dmv/i^*), Lish^s^ 
1562, Syo.** The latter it Tery probably 
the original edidon of Luit de Granada*a 
tramlation, who then lived in Portofal, 
(pBLUCit, Enssy§ di mna BiblioU^ P* 131)* 
SeAor Icaxbalceta knowa of a Salamanca 
edition of 1563, by Andrea de Portono- 
taiiit, Svo» which, howerer, it not the 
priMctfs, at the priyilege mentiont a pre- 

** Ohras dt S, Jusn CliwuM^ trsdrnx, en 
CsmlUme fr wundsd^ del Card, Fr, Xi- 

wuutt di Gmensf Toledo, foL, 1504. It it 
** a luxttriout fbUo of a hundred leavca,** 
wyt Mr. TiCKNoa, who p oateaaet a copy 
of this rare edidon {hia. ^am. Lit.^ V6L 
ur, p. 1 60, 0.) This Cdutial Lmddtr^ in in 
original form, it a kind of atcetic trcatite, 
written by Johannet, freqoendy called 
Climacut (from the dde of thit workX 
Scholatdcut (from hit rapid progreM in the 
Kiencet), and Sinaira (from hit hermitage 
at the foot of the Sinai). He was a aadrc 
of Paletdne, born about 525, and who 
died in 605. The Climaae or Lmdiv ^ 
Utantm^ deriyet iti name fWun the idea of 
the author that there are thirty steps or 
roundt to lead the soul to periwtkMi. It 
was originally written in Greek, and ia 
the aphorittic form. 

Digitized by 


Biblioiheca Americana. 369 

existed, deeming it an impossibility that Luis de Gra- 1 540* 
nada should not have known the work, as he was a con- --=__= 
temporary of Juan de Estrada, and belonged to the same 
monastic order. To which it may be said in reply that 
the translation was made for immediate use, privately 
printed, intended exclusively for the inmates of a con- 
vent, and that Luis de Granada may not have heard of 
a publication of this character, undertaken at a distance 
of five thousand miles. 

But to deny the existence of the Escala, we must 
reject the testimony of Davila Padilla, which course is 
fraught with difficulties. Davila Padilla was a Mexican 
by birth" who knew the family of Juan de Estrada, if 
not Estrada himself, and belonged to the same congre- 
gation. To write his History, he had access to the 
archives and chronicles kept oy the Dominicans, and 
may have gathered direct information from some of the 
friars who knew de Estrada personally. He was a man 
of the highest character, who received in 1 599, from 
Philip III, the appointment of archbishop of Santo Do- 
mingo. What interest could such a distinguished pre- 
late nave in disguising the truth, or in asserting that a 
certain book had been printed, if he did not believe that 
such was actually the case ? We therefore repeat, after 
Seflor Icazbalceta, that " on doit regarder comme par- 
faitement etabli que YEscala a etc le premier livre im- 
prime a Mexico, quoiqu'il ne soit pas improbable 
Qu'avant on y ait imprime des syllabaires ou d'autres 
feuilles detachees, comme on Ta avance, sans en donner 
(cela soit dit en passant) des preuves suffisantes a Tappui." 

But what is the precise date when the Escala was 
printed in Mexico ? 

Davila Padilla states" that Juan de Estrada joined 
the Dominican order in 1535, and that he made his 
translation while yet a novice. Considering that his 

" Born in the city of Mexico in 1561, Scriptor. ord. Prgedic,^ Vol. 11, p. 351. 

died in 1604. See concerning Davila y The notice in Antonio (if/M Hii^. ^ovtf, 

Padilla, Gonsalis DAyiLA, TlUat, ecehs. Vol. i, p. 351) is extremely meager. 

tU is* Ittdioiy Vol. 1, p. 789, and Ecbaio, ^* l9c cit., p. 66S. 


Digitized by 



BUBothica Americana. 

1 540* novitiate lasted a year, that the work had been under- 
-9-Bs---- taken, not as a literary effort, but simply to supply an 
immediate want, and that in consequence the trans- 
lation was probably printed soon after being written, 
we may affix the date of 1536. 

This date agrees prefecdy with that of the introduc- 
tion of printing in Meidco. Brought over by Men- 
doza, it must have reached Vera-Cruz at the same time; 
and if we calculate the time for the journey to the city 
of Mexico and the organization of the printing office, we 
find that 1 536 is a date which tallies with the time when 
Estrada had finished his translation. 

But who was the first printer in Mexico? Juan 
Pablos is usually considered as being entitled to the 
honor ; but we will endeavor to show that he does not 
stand first on the list. 

As the Escala is not to be found, no one can say that 
it bears the imprint of Juan Pablos. Seftor Icazbalceta 
is of opinion, tnat if a copy is ever discovered it will be 
seen that it is either anonymous or under the name of 
Juan Cromberger. We describe, in/ra^ all the books 
now in existence and known, printed in Mexico before 
1600. The earliest is the present No. 232, and this, 
together with those which follow to 1544, has the im- 
print of Cromberger. The last of these'' contains in 
the colophon the following words: *^que Dies hayay^ 
which indicate that the printer was already dead ; and 
the fact is that his name does not appear after this"^. 
The publications which follow do not bear any imprint, 
and it is only in a work printed January 17th, 1548'% 

** Dttrinu MpUma . . . e^mfaats fw P#- 
if de C9rj0ma ; Mexico, 4to, 1 544 {infra), 

^^ We mutt confett thtt the mentioii 
of a D^ctrina krevi tU 1st fuu fut per^ 
tentcen iU ft csflica^ bearing the imprint 
of Juan Cromberger, and the date of 1547 
{apudO, ^tMVKT^Dicuonuairi di BihliJtgU 
Catk$/ifut^ col, 941, w. 158), staggered nt; 
but by referring to the authority quoted by 
M. Brunet (BmlUtiu dm hiHifkiU^ 14* 

we found that the work described by M. 
DnBAftSBAox-BB«NAtp was only the Apt- 
trimm of Bishop Zummaraga, which bean, 
indeed, the imprint of Cromberger, but the 
date of <* M.dzliij,** on the dtle>page, and 
** M.d.quarenta qtro alios** [1544] in tbe 
colophon. Thb ediaon we describe b^m^ 
'* A Doetrina, in Spanish and Mexicnm 
(h/ra), which eusts Mily in firagmeats. 

Digitized by 


BihRoiheca Americana. 371 

that the name of Juan Pablos is given for the first time. 1 540* 
Others may yet be found with an earlier date ; but in a»esB- 
a disquisition like the present we must limit ourselves 
to the documents before us. We have shown that it 
was only in 1556 that Pablos took the title of "First 
Printer, ' and that 1544 is the earliest date when he was 
first entitled to it. Cromberger died before I544» and 
we infer that Pablos succeeded him, but are inclined to 
think that no work printed by the latter under his own 
name will be found bearing an earlier imprint than 

But how can we account for the title of " Primer im- 
presor en esta ciudad de Mexico^* assumed by Pablos ? 

The word Primer^ may mean first in point of talent 
or position, and we have abundant proofs that the early 
printers were not over modest. But if it does mean 
first in the order of dates, the following explanation, 
which we borrow fjrom Seflor Icazbalceta, will prove 
satisfactory : 

''Jean Cromberger etait an imprimeor ceUbre tebli \ Seville long- 
temps avant que le yice-roi Mendoza vint s'y embarqner pour la Noa- 
velle-Espagne. Soic que le yice-roi ait pa8S(6 un march^ avec Pimpri- 
meur, soit que celui-ci ait pris I'affkire pour son propre compte, 
toujours est-il que I'imprimerie yint ayec le vice-roi. II n'est pas \ 
supposer, cependant, que Cromberger eiit quitt6 un 6ublissement 
florissant dans une si riche ville, pour aller s'exposer aux dangers d'un 
voyage loinuin dans des contrees non encore bien connues ou pad- 
fiees. Nous savons du reste, qu'il ne le fit pas. Sa maison a con- 
tinue d'exister sous son nom \ Seville jusqu'eq 1 546, au moins ; d'o(k 
il resulte qu'il possedait en meme temps deux imprimeries, une \ 
Seville et rautre \ Mexico. Tout porte \ croire que Juan Pablos 
€tait un des ouvriers, pent ^tre le chef d'atelier ou prote, de Crom- 
berger et que celui-ci lui a donn6 le materiel n^cessaire pour venir 
fonder un nouvel 6tablissement \ Mexico, en lui accordant un traite- 
ment fixe ou une part dans les b^nifices. Notre imprimerie n'etait 
done qu'une succursale de celle de Seville. CVst un arrangement 
que de nos jours on fiiit encore assez souvent. Mais comme Pimpri- 
merie mexicaine appartenait r6ellement \ Cromberger, Pablos etait 
bien oblig6 de mettre le nom du proprietaire et non pas le sien, sur 
les livres qu'il imprimait. Cela n'empechait pas les habiunts de la 
ville, qui tous connaissaient et vo3raient Pablos, sans Stre \ m^me de 
savoir ses rapporu avec Cromberger, de le regarder comme le pre- 

Digitized by 


272 Bibttotheca Americana. 

I 5^0* °^^^' imprimear, et il T^tait en effet, quoiqoe ce ne fat pas poor ton 
, propre compte, mais comme employ^ dc Crombcrgcr. Davila Padilla 
ne pouvait pas plus faire cette distinction, et il ne I'aura pas troovee 
dans les Merits dont il s'est servi DOur composer son Histoire. 

Au commencement de 1541, womberger 6tait dql mort; et meme 
d'aprcs Brunet'* le nom de Jean Cromberger est accompagn^ des nnoct 
qui Dios ferdme dans la soascription du Palmerin de Oliva, imprinie 
en 1 540. La nouvelle de son deccs aura du arriver k Mexico vers la 
fin de I54i> car les communications n*^taient ni fiiciles ni frequentes. 
Jean Pablos resolut alors de sa rendre acquereur de Tetablissement 
au'il gerait. Pour y parvenir il devait s'entendre avcc les hcriders 
de Cromberger ; et il n'y a pas lieu de s'etonner au'il leur ait fallu a 
peu pres trois ans pour arriver k se mettre d'accord. L'affaire ne fiit 
reglee qu'en 1 544 ; le nom de Cromberger disparut alors pour faire 
place ^ celui du nouvel acquereur Jean Pablos qui songea aussitot a se 
munir du privilege qui lui fiit accord^ la meme ann6e/' 

After Juan Pablos, we find several other printers; 
but there seems to have been only seven of them from 
the introduction of printing to the close of the sixteenth 
century, viz. : Juan Cromberger, Juan Pablos, Antonio 
Espinosa, Pedro Ocharte, Pedro Balli, Antonio Ricardo 
and Melchior Ocharte. Among these, Espinosa, or de 
Spinosa, is the only one who displayed a printer's mark. 
This contained the motto : Virtus in inJlrmiiaU perficiiur. 
Antonio Ricardo removed to Lima where he was the first 
printer. In a work printed by him in IS9^^ ^^ states 
that he was born in Turin, and as Juan Pablos was a 
native of Brescia, in Lombardy, two Italians are entitled 
to the credit of having introduced the art of printing on 
this continent. The names of these two printers were 
probably in their 'mother-tongue, Giovanni Paoli and 
Antonio Ricciardi. 

We do not think that the number of works printed 
in America in the sixteenth century, the existence of 
which is well authenticated, at the present date, ex- 
ceeds one hundred. We give, infra, a list composed 
of all those which have come to the notice of Seftor 
Icazbalceta, and to our own. Additions will certainly be 

'* Manuel^ Vol. ly, col. 330. Agia, Trmtadt j purtur iohre el aerokh 

" Pbdro di OffA*s Primera parte de perteual de les Indies del Pens ; Lima 
Arauco domado {imfra)^ an«l in MiauiL db fbl. 1604. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 373 

made in the course of time, although the ransacking of 1 540* 
the Mexican convents, under the enlightened guidance aaasss 
of the present Secretary of State for Mexico, whose 
library may be said to represent the bibliographical 
treasures of that country, has not brought to lignt, as 
far as known, as many curiosities of this character as 
were expected. 

These early works are chiefly of the kind intended 
for the religious education of the Indians, and written 
either in Spanish or in the native dialects, together with 
grammars and vocabularies to learn the same. There 
is also a sprinkling of theological treatises and rituals 
for monkish use. They are printed either in Gothic, 
Italic, or Roman characters, displaying occasionally a 
few rudely executed woodcuts. We find among them 
all the forms, from the folio to the octavo; but, as 
was then the custom in Spain, of a size smaller than 
elsewhere. The binding is usually plain vellum wrap- 
pers ; and as to the condition of the books, we doubt 
whether there is a single copy which is not torn, incom- 
plete, soiled, stained or worm-eaten. 

Leaving aside all theories and assertions concerning 
the existence of a printing establishment in Mexico as 
early as 1536, our list will evince a fact which must 
remain above all cavils and objections. It is that the 
earliest book printed in America, as far as known at 
the present time, is not, " beyond a doubt, the Doc- 
trina Christiana of 1544'y* nor the Vocabulario of Mo- 
lina, dated 1571'', nor tne Ordinationes Ugumque collec- 
tionef^^ which never existed (at least with a Latin title 
and under the date of 1549), but the present Manual 
de AduhoSj which bears the date of December 13 th, 
1540, and the imprint of Juan Cromberger. 

*• Rich, BihL Amer, Vetus^ p. 5, No. 14. duced there tome years before that period.*' 

"The remark of Ternaux (Bibi, Hht. of Printing in America^VoX.i^^.i^^ 
Americy p. 13) that Thomas considers '* Egviara, ^/^//oM. Afir^riVtfivtf, p. 221, 

Molina's Vocalulario as the first book copied the title from Pinelo-Barcia, col. 

printed in Mexico, b incorrect. Thomas 827, and found himself followers in Cot- 

only says, after mentioning a work pub- row, Typographical Ga%etteer i Oxford, 

lished in New Spain in 1604, "there can 8vo, 1831, p. 172, and Falksnstsin, 

be but little doubt that Printing was intro- Geukiektt dcr BuckdrucL^ p. 329. 

Digitized by 


374 BibBotheca Americana. 


1540 Alt* 1600 ; 


1 540. — Mumd it AJmlm (pmeiit No. 131). 
i^^i.^Mihchm dd nfmmtMt ttrrtrnm dt OiuuauU {hfra). 
1 543« — Dtetrhtm eritiisms {htfra), 
1 544. — 1>ifsrtii$ dt Jumm Otrmm {htfrm), 

^ DtU mstura dt tkm m kmt dt kmtr Ut prtetthmtt (hfra). 

" Sane work | am tmm {infra), 

** DB CoftMTAy D^etrhm erittisms {hfra)» 
1546.— JDictrntf erittisms {infra). 
1547. — Rtgls erittiana {infrs), 
1548. — Ordtnsnust dt Amtmit dt Mtndtms {infrs), 

** Dteerins tm tstitUsmt y mtstitstts {infra), 

1 549. — F. BtATO DB OMOKAy Optra MtdkinaRa | Mez., 410 {infrs. We doobt the cor^ 

rectnen of tl k date, althovgh it n certainly to printed on the tide-page). 
1550. — Dtetrins tn estttHsm y mtxicsms (another edition, infrs), 
1553. — Pbmo db OAirrSy Dtetrins erittisns tm Itngms mumiesmsf Mex., Svo. 
1554. — Fr, Alpn. a Vbaacbvcb, Rtetgnitit Smmmmlsnm | Mez^ Ibl. 

" "< " *" DisUetiesRMtthtiti Mez., fek 

** F. CBBVAimt Salasab, Dialtgif Mes., Sto. 

IC55« — ^ALOMio DB M0UNA9 yteahmlsrit mtmieamtf Mez., 4to. 

[Frtvaae UW., N. T.] 

1556^ — Am, A VBaACBvcBy Sftenhm etnjt^itnmf Mez., 410. 

** Ctnttitmeitnts dtl aruthisfadt dt Bi/tmiet j Mez., fol. 

*' Ordinsrimmt sseri trdinis bttrtmitsrmm f Mex., 4to. 

** Fbbtbb, Snmsrit dt 1st fntmtst dt fists y tn tm It rtymu dtl Pirm$ Mer, Sro. 
1557. — Atru, A VBBACSVCBy Pkysiea ^temlatitf Mez., ibl. 
155I. — ^Mat. OiLBBBTiy jirtt dt Itngna dt MicJUsesnf Mez., %ro, 
1559,^ ** « Dialtgt dt dtetr, ekria, tn Ung, dt idkbtsesmf Mez., IbL 

«< ** ** ykskulsr, dt dtetr, ekrist. tm Itt^, dt MieMtaean$ Mez., 4to. 

" ** ** Grammatiea latina f Mtx,^ two, 

** A. OB LA VxEA Cbvs, Carta, tint annt^ 14 ii* S Mez., fbl« 
i$6o,*~ddsmmsl para admtinittrar Itt taeramunttt (Lat. and Spanish)) Mez., 4to. 
1561* — Mtttalt Rtmammmtf Mez., ibl. 

• F. 4e Cacda« Jrtts dt las Ut^. Ckitfm, Ztptt, R«flMial**— Leon FiMlo, £»Mmm. p. 109 z Bckaid, 
CtUslts f Uumtnttem / Mezko^ 410 { (**Mgaa ds $tHft9r, 9rd» i tm i n k / TcfMax, ll«. If). 

Digitized by 


Bibtiotheca Americana. yjS 

i563._PuGAy Frromhrnty f «^&k/w, Ac. ; Me»^ fol. (hfra), 

[Prhrat* Ubr., N. Y. and Prerid.] 
1565 *-Cal«AfM Poimm ConcWi Tridemtimi (uue amuo)^ Mex., 410. 

" A. OB MoLiMA, CBufeu. Bimyr Mex,y CastelL f Mex. 410, 121 +3 11. 

[Private libr., PrarU.] 

" " " Ow/Mf. wuy0r Biex.j Quttil. hrtvti Mex., 410, iai+3 U. 

[Prirate Ubr., Provid.] 
I566.t-Fr. B. A LxDitMA, De Septem novge l^is saermgemtisi Mex., 410. 
1567.1-Jli^/Mjr c$Mait. deia O^radia de losjurMmeniw; Mex., fol., one leaf only. 

" ImuitmUt ordtnit Btati Franciui ; Mex., 410. 

** Fr. Bbnito Fbxmandxz, D»etrim* em leugus wdtieca | Mex., 4to. 
1568 {-Same %vork ; Mex., 410. 

** Mauuslp. sdmimist. Ut sacrsm. (Lat. and Spanish) | Mex., 4(0. 

** Several Papal BuUi; Mex., 4to. 

1571.— A. 01 Molina, Arte de U Jengus Mex. j Cmutt,^ Mex., by Ocharte, la**, 
3 + 8a + 35 U. 

[Private Libr., N. Y. and Provid.J 

" A. DB Molina, FeeaMsrie em Umgms Mexksms jf Outett,^ Mex., by de 
Spinota, fol. a+i6x 11. 

[Private Ubr., Provid.] 

*' Same work; Mex., ibl., 4+111 U. 

[Private Ubr., PR^Hd.] 

'573*ll~'^''* P- »■ AourrO) Trmtade de fme se dehem adatimtet. Ut sacr. i Us imS§n 
Mex., 8yo. 

1574- — F''' J* B. DB Laouna, jtrtey Dieeiemarie, em lei^^mm de MMckemsm^ Mex., 8vo. 

** OrdemMnueu $ehre a/emtsiss f Mex., fbl., 6 IL 

1575. — Fr, Mat. Gilbbbti, Tesere eepMt, defhrei em Umg, de MieUscmmf Mex., Syo. 

" Fr. J. DB LA Anvnoacion, DoctHma eriti, em east, y Mexie, i Mex., 410. 

[Private Ubr., N. Y.l 
" Dr, S. J. £. BvBNAyBNTUBA, Misiica Tkeelegisi Mex., 8vo. 

1576. — Fr. A. OB Molina, Arte de Umgmm msexieama ; Mex , 8yo. 

[Private Ubr., N. Y.] 

" F, M. OB Vaboas, Deetrimm em Mexiesme, CmsteU.y Otomiif Mex., 410. 
1577. — Fr, J. Mbdina, Deetrimslis, fdei Im Meckmseemem. Imdenm lemgmsf Mex., fbl. 

" Fr. J, OB la Anonciacion, Senmemsrie em letigma msexicsms ; Mex., 4(0. 

*' Comsmtemtmiie a Is ligica de Aristeteles; Mex., 8vo. 

** Omutia Dnmhi Amdregt Aleiati Emttlemuua f Mex., 8yo. 

** Ovidii Nasonis tsms de Tristihus^ Mex., 8yo. 
1578. — Fr A. DB Molina, Cenfes^marie mteyor em lemg, east.y msex, $ Mex., 4to. 

** *' *< '* Doetrims em iemgms muxiesms f Mex.f 4to. 

* Fr, Domingo de la Annnadacion, Dtitrinm { Ledetma, Dt S*ft*m ntvs l0g,/ Ilex., 4to. 

d^rlttUns tn tmsttlUiu / Mtsiuuf / Mex., 4to [" Probably tbe fine book printed in tbe Roman 

(Tcraanx. No. 91). letter In Mexico,** Ricb, BiUhtkacs Jmtrkmnm 

t Tr. Manoqaia, Dtctrima tkrtitUmm tn Itngum Fttut, No. 46.] 

tMMtt€m f Mex., If 56, 4to (Remeaal, BItt, it | A. de Vetancort, Artt d* Is Itmgum Mitxi- 

CM^^ei, fli. Ill, cap. Til, Temaiix, No. 98). mm«/ Mexico 1571* (Temaux. No. 118. No 

X Fr, Pedro de Feria. Dtetrius trlttlmiut tn sock worie exists under tbis date. There is an 

Unrum CtuttUrnnm j Cftltus / Mex., by Pedro edition of 1671, mentioned in BiMtkttm Utht. 

OdMite, 4to, 8-i>ii6 U. (Temaax, No. 104). ritmrn^ Pt. i. No. 711a) 

Digitized by 


37^ BibBot?uca AmeruoHo. 

157S. — Fr, J. Di CoKDOTAy jtnt em ieapis Ztftttta^ Mei., 8vo. 
i$lS.—CtrtmMual y rmhricmgtm, nm U •ritm d$ etiek, iss wtisasf Mei.^ 8vo. 

** Inttruechn J £ru f. rtg. el $Jkh dhtimf Mex., Sto. 
158^. — Fr. J. DX Gaona, CeUfMh de U fern del shms em /n^. Mam. | Mcju, 8vo. 
1583. — OAtciA ou. Palacio« DimUget miUitsres$ Mez., 410. 

** F«riii« ^rrv. mdmthittr, mf. Imiiei S. Bsftimi Smcrsmumimwi $ Mex.y 8vo. 

** Fr. B. Sahagvh, PtmlmteSa Cknaisas ; Mes.» 410. 

I585.*-Tsiiciro||CATH£CISMO||t Bxpoaaow de h||DoctxiiM Chritdaiu, por| 
Scrmonet. || Paia qvE lm cviai t ortot || minittrot prediqoeii j enteAca a 
lot Yndiot y a Ut demas penonat. Q Im»ks«o con licziicia db la | Meml 
AmMemcim^ emU Qmdsd dehs Reyet^ per Amtemie Riemrde prhmere b^retter 
emeu^t Reymet del Firm, | AftO D£ M . D . LXXXV . || Etta tavado va 
Real por cada pliego en papeL || 4C0, 8 preL 11. + 21 5 niimbr. 11.' 

[Private Ubr., N. Y. tad Provid.] 

** Cem/etmumrh farm let emreu de Imdiet eem Is fmstrmeeiem cemtrm ms rhes trmdmcide 
em Um lemgmm ^kkms^y Aywisrai Lima, by A. Rkardo, 410, 4+27 IL 

[PrivaM Libr., Piork.] 

** Bumatetgem, de BmteUmt (for tbt ocdcr of Fraacacans) ; Mez.^ 410. 
1^87. — CoMUitmtiemet erdim,frmr, eremit, S, Jtmg.i Mex., 8yo. 
1589. — Fenmmy mede dejmmdsr Is* eefrmdisi del cerdea de S. Fr. | Ifez , 8fO. 
t$9*. — Fr. Ag FAiFAiCy 1>mtsde kre^H de Me£eims$ Mex., 4to. 
I593.f-Fr. A. ox Lot RxTiti Arte em kmgms musteea; Mex., 8vo. 

** Fr. FftAWC ox Altaxaoo, Fe em i mls rie em kmgms miittecsf Ilex., 4to. 
1594. — J. E. ox BoxNATumrtA, JlCsiies Tbeelegisf Mex.> 8to. 
1595. — Regis de Imfrsilet wtemereti Mex., 4tD. 

** A. DXL RnfCOK, Arte Meetksme | Mex., 8to. 

*• Fumdsehm e Jmdm^emeiss de Is erd, de Is Merced; Mex., Sto. 

15964-P. ox OIIa, Prnmers fsrte de Arsmee demtsde, eemepmeste per ei Beemeisde Fedrm 
de 0§s^ mstmrsJ de h» h/smtes de Bmgel em CJUli. hmpreeee em Is eimdsd dm 
let Reyet per Amtemie Rksrde de Turim ; 410, 1 1 + 335 11., portrait. 

[Private UW., M. t. aad Pni*id.1 

icoo.B-Fr. I. BAonrrA, Cemfuhmsrh em lemgms wmeksms; Mex., Sva 
^ •* [PrifattLlbr.,ll.T.) 

i6oa|- ** ** Ad ve r te m e i st S ht eemfueret de Im£tf Mex., 2 Tola., 8¥0. 

** RslMtm Bluerisds de Ism Exesmist de Felipe JIf Mex., by P. Balli, 4(0. 


• FtemimUrU m Is leag. gamtrei del P«ra v m —Jrf dt U Uaime J 

Ui^m Sifs9»le; lima, istO. Ml. tvo (Ter- psdrt Antoalo del Ria( 

aaax. No. 164). adMoo (Tcmaaz, No. aas). 

1 The IbUowiac, howvrtr. te, ai ftr ai kaova, | Pedro de Ola, TitmUm' dt Umm dd lie 

tha eariicst Uom toolu 1199, mmm / Uiaa, 1999 (Tcraaox, No. a|0>. 

«^ Dtetrimm CkHttimrns (en Qplehva y Ayouua). —flmtkmj smHfmst mu tn U tMnllmtittimm 

Jtmprtsf tn U eimdsd ds U$ rtf0$, fw Amtmh Itngus Nskmstl tnmtmd* j trtetmf •! P. ^ism 

Rksrd*. erimtrs tmfrt$$9r tn *tf$ rtpiM dtl Urn. Bsmtists. /rsmttesif; Mex., tvo (Tcnaax, N«k 

jn» dt it.D.LXXXinh In^ de S C orttia. %u). 

Rksrd*. Primtrs tmfrt$$9r tn ttfs rtpiM dtl Firm, Bsmtists. 

M. dt M.D.LXXXmh In^ de 8 E ortUa. XM). 

et 84 ff. chUMt.** rBnuict, Vol II, col. 78a) | A. dt Oaate, Psrtar dt ra kmOrt dttn m Is 

t J. Gidona. C»ltfmht tn Itngms Mtxksns / fsemltsd dt Tktnltgis . . . €trts dtl ttrvkh ftr* 

Mex., I ni (Teniaax, No. 190). mm/ dt U$ tmdhs dt Pint f Nmtvs Bi^sMs, feL, 

X Geronimo de Ore, 9^Mt Csiktlkt Indisntf Iteo. ta fpJBiUhtk, Brtmnisms, No. agS, prtU^ 

Mex., t99S (Tenuttx, No. tH)* ¥f «■ Amcricaa ia pm rioe). 

Digitized by 


Bibliotfieca Americana. 377 

Our readen are doubdets aware that only ^in January, 1639, printing was first per- 
formed in that part of North America which extends from the gulph of Mexico to 
the firocen ocean/** The fint press and font of type were imported by Rev. Jesse 
Glover, who defrayed a part of the expense, the balance being contributed by several 
gentlemen in New England and Amsterdam. A London printer, called Stephen 
Daye, came at the same time with the printing apparatus, in 1 638, and the office was 
located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. *'The first thing which was printed,** says 
Winthropf , *< was The Frumtu^s Oaik ; the next was an almanack made for New Eng- 
land, by Mr. William Peirce, mariner},** both of which, according to Thomas, were 
issued in 1639. As to thtjSrst hook printed north of Mexico, it was the following : 







Whereunto is prefixed a difcourfe de- 
claring not only the lawfuUnes, but alfo 
the neceffity of the heavenly Ordinance 
of finging Scripture Pfalmes in 
the Churches of 

Co/J. m. 

Let the word of God dwell plenteoujly in 
jfMT, in all wifdome^ teaching and exhort' 

ing one another in Pfalmes^ HimneSf and 
fpirituall Songs, J^^g'^i ^ '^ ^^^ ^*f^ 

grace inyonr hearts, 

lames y. 

If any he afflicted, let him fray, and if 
any he merry let him Jing pfalmes. 



\* 8vo, sine loco (Cambridge, by S. Daye). Title one leaf+seven leaves for pref- 
ace + one hundred and forty-nine unnumbered leaves + one leaf for errata 
(Thomas says ^'300 pages**), in Roman characters. It is stated that there 
are some slight differences in different copies, indicating alterations introduced 
in the progress of printing this edition. 

(Private Librar., New York, Cambridge and Boston.) 

The work was prepared for the preu under the supervision of Richard Mather, 
Thomas Weld and John Elliot, of Indian Bible notoriety. 

* Thomas, /k. eit.^ Vot i, p. 205. there are any copies in existence of these two pub- 

t Hlittrj •f Vtm Emgland ffm i6)0 f 1649} lications. Mr. S. P. Haven U of opinion that Th* 

Bo«ton, 8vo, 1825, Vol. i, p. 289. Frttmsm^t Omth was printed on one tide of a sheet 

X We have been nnable to ascertain whether of small paper. 


Digitized by 


378 Bibliotheca AmericoM. 

1541. 2 3 3 • PTOLEMr-SERFETUS-^MiVi a Urgi wdcut : 

DRiNi II Geographicae Enarrationis, || Libri 

OctO. II EX BILIBALDI PIRCKE. \\ymheri tralatione, 

Jed ad Gntca ^ prijca i Michaile Villanouano \Servetus\ jj 

Jecundb recogniti^ & hcis innumeris denuh caftigati. AdieSa 

infuper ab eodem Scho \\ lia^ quibus '& difficilis ille Primus 

Liber nunc primum expHcatury & exoleta Vrbium y nomina 

ad noftri JecuU morem expanuntur. ^nquaginta ilU 

quoque cum ueterum turn \\ recentium TabuU adneSuntur^ 

uarijqz incolentium ritus 6? mores expUcantur. || 

Accidit Index bcupUtiJJimus baffenus non uifus. Q 

Proftant Lugduni apud Hugonem i Porta. 

M . D . XLI . 

C$hpb9n : 

Excudebat II Galpar Trechfelll 
Viennae \\M ,D , XLI . 11 

%* Folio, title one leaf, with Seiretas' address to the reader on 
the verso ; followed by one hundred and forty-nine numbered 

Sages + one blank + nfty maps, each filling two leaves, with 
escriptions on the reverse + fifty-six nnnumbered leaves for 
index -f- one for table -f- one for colophon. The- ^' Tabula 
terrse nouse*' and oasis . ttpvs . VNiviasALis, are literal re- 
prints of the two maps of that name in the Ptolemv of 1522, 
the word America appearing in the latter only. The descrip- 
tion of the New World is on signature 28, on reverse of the 
map, and ends with these significant words: ^'Tota itaqz, 
quod aiunt aberrant ccelo qui hanc continentem America nun- 
cupari contendunt, cum Americus multo post Columbia eande 
terram adieret, nee cum Hispanis ille, sed cum Portugallensi- 
bus, Qt suas merces commutaret, ed se contulito.'* 

(Prirate Ubmy, New York.) 

''De Charlieu, Servet retouma I Lyon. II eut le bonheur d'y 
trouver Pierre Palmier, ArchevSque de Vienne, qu'il avait connu i 
Paris ; k ce Pr61at qui aimait les S9avans & les enconrageoit par fes 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 379 

benftits, le preflk de venir \ Vienne, oiH il lai donna un apptrtement I j4-^ * 
aupres de Ton Palais. Servet, pour temoigner fa reconnoiilance k Ton ^^^g^^^^ 
nouveaa Mecene, donna une feconde Edition de la G6ographie de 

Ptolemee, k la lai dedia Cette edition de Ptolemee, qui 

eft in-foL comme la premiere, fiit fiute \ Vienne en 1541. par Gaf- 
pard Trefchfel, fameax Imprimeur, que les liberalites de Pierre Pal- 
mier y avoient attir£. Elle eft magnifique, & en meme terns d'une 
raret6 extraordinaire." 


Dirttt refirtntett ( HorrMAN, Lexinmy Vol. m, page 319. 
J Bibliotheca Barl^wiaua^ ^-. 
I Crevenna Catalogue, Vol. v, page oo. 
Labanoff Catalogae, No. 24. 
Klots Catalogue, page 137, No. 3325. 
Ebx*t,.No. 18233. 

234. ANONYMOUS^RiCto $f tbi first liaf: 

lElelacion DI efpfttafile tetremoto $ agora nueuo:: 
mente ta aconteciDro en la cifiDraDr D (Suatimala: tn 
cofa Dre grADre aDrmiracion s ^t ^^^^ exempio para 
$ toDro0 no0 emenDremo0 D nueftrois pecalrois s e^te^ 
moss aprefciuiDross para quADro 39U10 fuere feruiDro 
^t 1100 Ilamar* 

In fine: 

jpue impreffa en la grS ciu)ra)i D Dftexico en 
cafa Dre SuA Otromfierger afto D mill s (|uinittO0 s 
quarlta s bno* 

%♦ 4to, four leaves. 

(Private Library, Madrid.) 

An edition of the same plaquette was also published 
in Spain, four leaves, 4to. 

235, -rfP/.-</^ra (P.)— " Cofmographia per Gemmam 
Frifium correda, Norimb. 1541. in-4®." 

* NtMViMur Mhmires ^kitfirt^ kc^ VoL n, p. 65. ■ Triw^ Vol. i, p. 159. 

Digitized by 


380 BiHiotheca Americana. 

1541* 23 6» ATIANVZ {F.y-Rtcf •/ thi first iidf: 



Fimtiji per lo. Ant§nium dt NtctUnu de SaU$. Sumptm V | 
nqutfitiom />• MiUbitris Sejfat. Jnn§ Domini. || MDXXXXL 
Minfis lulij. II 

*^ Sm. 4to ; title one leaf + twenty-three nombered lesres. 
Woodcnt on verto of the last representing a cat holding a 
mottte between its teeth, with the motto : DiisiuiLiYii • ivi- 


(PriTite Libraiy, New York.) 

See, st^a^ page 272, and Nos. 127, 149 and 150. 

237. MUNSTSR {SRBAST.y-Cofmographia Befchreibung 
aller Lender. 

Bqfel [durch Henrichum Petri fl m.dzli. fol. 

First edition apparently of Munster's well-known 
Cosmograpbia. See, infra^ under the date of 1544. 


\CA,2 238» nANCK {SRBAST.y^First siPiM iimis $f tbi tUU-fMgi : 


I mk %mt»i9 %tS gM- II #e» ^tiile«« i imi 

9t%tfi9M$\\9f»t$ BMn^ im kier lis 
4rr I II MhA\^ i« V{U« i V)i|HctM i %»- \\ t$^tm ink 
KMerictnigejieU mmI titelpttiMi^ tier ktrtft iegriff«er 
M» II %vt I tttti«« I l|hmriii#ni ml 3ttfe(ii i ge(egeii|eipt i 
griffe I urttte i geiiii|« i elpgnif^tft 1 1| 

Lut line of the title-page : 


* Pftge 19, Mo. 71. 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 381 

%* Polio, stMi he (perhaps Frankfort'), title one leaf + four nn- I 54-^* 
numbered preliminary leaves + l«*ves numbered iii-ccxzxvii ^^^^sss 
+ seven unnamberea leaves. This edition differs from the 
edition of 1534 (No. 197) only in the arrangement of the 
lines in the title, and is probably only a new issue of the 
latter, but with a new title-page. 

(Private Libr., New York and ProTidence.) 

IMricr refkrtweet : f ScnsLiidiM, KrgUtUkkhittu^ VoL i, pages 109-121*. 
J Biblhtkeea BrvwMtana^ page 20, No. 70. 
I OiAiNB, Vol. 11, page 627. 

239. CABEQA DB yACA^Under a large ctuUtf-arm with the 
d§uhU'heMded eagle : 

€ Sn xtXmm qne ik SfoKV tm- ii 

fle^ catena tit boca ire lo acoifcfUo enlas Jnlrias || 
enU otmolfa tiontie sua pot gouemalrot $3-||p!)il^ 
lie natfiaetitienre el afto lie besntell 8 Hete tiofta el 
aflo D ttesnta s ^^is || ()ue toluUi a J&euHU eon 

C»hpb*n : 

tatio enla magniiieai noble is antiqttifnma ^uHo^ll 
t(e IKamota: pot IO0 tonreoHoiEt batoned glup-IIAin 
lie pat S Juan ^ieatHo eompafietos im n ptefTotes 
He nbto0 be^inoK Ma tifela (itt||1ia)i. % eofta 5 
efpenfas tiel bittnofo ba || ton Jluan peHto mufettl 
meteaHet || tie Ubtos betino He HAeHlna Hel II eampo. 
^abofe en iz^% Hias n Hel xm% He ®etutte. Afto || 
Hel naffimiento H n!o fal uoHot Jlefu (Stifto He || 
mil 8 (|u{nlentO0 8 1 <)natenta 8 HO0 1| A{io0. II 

* Bridtk Mnaeam Cttalofoe. ' Coataina abo an inttfcidng tketch of Franck. 

Digitized by 


382 Bibliotheca Americana. 

I C^2« *^ Sm. 4to (signatures from A to I in eights); title one leaf -|- 

^^„^^^j^^ sixty-six unnumbered leaves, twenty-nine lines to a full page. 

(Private Libnr., New York.) 

There are two distinct works which bear the name of 
Cabe9a de Vaca. The present, which is the ReladoMy 
relates the hardships and adventures attending the expe- 
dition from the Bay of Tampa to the village of Cora- 
zones in Sonora, and which lasted eight years, every day 
almost being marked with unexampled sufferings. The 
other consists in the CommentarioSy which were written 
under Nuftez' direction by Pero Hernandez'. This 
was added to the second edition of the Relacian, pub- 
lished in 1555. The latter thrilling narrative was com- 
posed by Alvarez Nuftez, better known under the name 
of Cabe9a de Vaca, which he inherited from his mother. 
The origin of this strange surname is thus related by 

*^Au mois de Juillet 121 2, I'armee chr^tienne, commandee par 
les rois de Castille, d'Arragon et de Navarre, s*avan9ait contre les 
Maures, lorsqu'arrivee k Castro-Ferral, tous les passages se trouverent 
occupes par I'ennemi. Les Chretiens allalent done se voir forces de 
retourner sur leurs pas, quand un berger, nomme Martin Alhaja» se 
presenta au roi de Navarre, et offrit d'indiquer un chemin par lequel 
!'arm6e pourrait passer sans obstacles: le roi envoya avec lui don 
Diego Lopez de Haro et don Garcia Romeu. Pour qu'ils retrouvas- 
sent la route, Alhaja p]a9a k I'entree du passage qu'il avait decouvert le 
squelette d'une tete de vache (Cabefa di vaca), 

*'Lt 12 du meme mois les chr6tiens gagnerent la bataille de las 
Navas de Tolosa, qui assura k jamais leur suprematie sur les Maures. 

" Le roi recompensa Martin Alhaja en ranoblissant ainsi que sa 
descendance, et celui-ci en m6moire de I'evenement qui lui avait 
m6rit6 cet honneur, changea son nom en celui de Cabe9a de Vaca." 

His mother, Dofia Teresa, was a lineal descendant 
of Martin Alaja ; but he was himself a native of Xeres', 

* Preface, and Antonio, Biblhtk, Hitp, Jmlmcia^ cap. 37, op. Tbrnauz. Fkanck- 
Nwa, Vol. I, p. 61. BNAu, Bihl, Hispmnkoy p. 255, mentions a 

* Recueilf Paris, 1837, p. 2. work concerning the « noble j antigua 

* Abgotk ox MouMAy Nohitma di An* Casa de Cabefa de Vaca.** 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Amerkaita. 


and the grandson of Pedro de Vera, the conqueror of 
the Canary islands. « 

He was one of the three only survivors of the un- 
fortunate expedition of Pamphilio de Narvaez to Florida 
above mentioned, who succeeded in returning to Spain. 
There was a fourth, a negro, called Estavanico, who 
met a singular fate. He remained in this country, found 
his way into Mexico, and some years afterward became 
the guide of Marco de Nizza in the disastrous expedi- 
tion to the unknown town of Cibola. Estevanico fell 
into the hands of the Indians, who put him to death, 
alleging that he, a black man, could not be the envoy 
of a race of whites. 

Alvarez NufLez died at a ripe old age^. We do not 
recollect where we have seen it statod that it was at 
Seville in 1564. 

The chief authorities concerning this daring adven- 
turer, or his expeditions, are Schmidel', Gomara*, Ben- 
zoni^, Garcilasso de la V^*, Herrera^, Torquemada'"*, 
Charlevoix" and Funes". 

This account was translated into Italian by Ramusio'', 
and paraphrased into English by Purchas'^ Ternaux 
gave a French version^ and Mr. Buckingham Smith a 
new translation from the original Spanish'^ 

The text was printed by Barcia'*, who availed him- 
self of the opportunity to add a dissertation*^ vindicating 


* N. DiL TscHo, Historia Prov, Psra' 
ftiariai Liege, fol., 1673, lib. i, cap. xiv. 

* yera ki$t$ria admiraud^t eujmsdam 
uavigat. ; Nuremb., 4to, I599« *cap. zxxi. 
Schmidel*! account was inserted for the 
first time in an appendix to the second part 
of the fTe/thMcAs, published at Frankfort, 
fbl., in 1567, the first volume of which 
is Sebastian Franck*s well-known work 
(sMfrm^ No. 197). It was republished in 
German, in 1599$ but Hulsius, dissatis- 
fied with certain omissions, gave this Latin 
translation, which is the most complete. 

* Hist, gtn, ii las ludias^ lib. n, cap. 
XL VI and Lxxiz. 

^ Hia, dil NmtVQ Momd^, lib. n, cap. 

IX ^mendons only Pamphilo de Nar- 

• Hist$r, gtn. dil Peru^ lib. i, cap. m. 

* Decad. iii. lib u, cap. nr ; Decad. nr, 
lib. IV, cap. 4-8 J Decad. vi, lib. i, cap. 3-8. 

'* Momarquia Indimua^ lib. xiv, cap. xxu. 

" Histoin du Paraguay^ Vol. i. 

" Bmsofo di la hist. cMl dil Paraguay ; 
Buenos- Ayres, 3 vols., 4to, 18 16-17. 

'• Vol. in, fol. 310-30. 

** PilgrimiSf Part, n, B. vm, pp. 1499- 

" Washington city, 4to, 185 1, privately 

*• Histiriadins Primithfis, VoL I. 

*'' By A. Aaoonfo. 

Digitized by 


384 BibBotheea Amerieana. 

1 542. Cabe^a de Vaca from the aspersions of Honorio Phili- 

^^mmm^ poHo'*, who deemed it strange that our adventurer 

should have presumed to perform miracles, which, as 

everybody knows, is a privilege belonging exclusively 

to the clergy, and not to mere " scelestos milites." 

All the authors and bibliographers who mention this 
RelacioH, quote only the edition of iSSS*^* which, to 
within a few years, was the only one known. 

240. rTOLBBtr—liUSSTSR—Rttt0 *f thi firtt iuft 

GEOGRAPHIA || vniversalis, vetvs et 


VIII. II Quorum primus noua traniladone 
Pirckheimeri et || acufGone commentarioli 
illuflrior quam hade || nus fuerit, redditus 
eft. II Reliqui cum graeco & alijs uetuftis 
exeplaribus col/ 1| lad, in infinids fere lods 
caftigadores fadi funt. || Addita funt in- 
fuper Scholia, quibus exoleta urbium, || 
mondum, fluuiorum c^ nomina ad noftri 
feculi mo/ 1| rem exponuntur. || Succedunt 
tabulae Ptolemaicae, opera Sebaftiani Mun|| 
fteri nouo paratae modo. || His adiedae funt 
plunmae nouae tabulae, moderna or/ jj bis 
faciem litens Sc pidura explicantes, inter 

** In hit cttriout Nova Tyfis Tnmtmu acseuJ» en Us Jm firmadot fiu Aam i Ut 

Nmviiatio^ t. /. fel., 1621. InMai$ ValUdolid, by Fernandex de Car- 

** La Relation y eomemtarUt del gever- dova, 1 5 55. 4to, 142+2 U. {BtbRmketa 

madar Ahar Nu»em CaSefa de Vaea de 1$ Brewuiama^ No. 104). 

Digitized by 


Bib&otheca Americana. 385 

auas II qusdam antehac Ptolemso noni542.^ 
raerunt Vltimo annexum eft com- 
pendium geographicae de/ 1| fcriptionis, in 
quo uarij gentium & regionum ri/ 1| tus & 
mores explicantur. || Praefixiis eft quo^ uni- 
uerfo open index memorabiliu || populo- 
rum, ciuitatum, fluuiorum, montium, ter-|| 
rarum^ lacuum Sec. || 

Third line of the recto of the second leaf: 

Sebaftianus Munftenis in BafUienfi aca- 
demia || Hebraifmi profeflbr, S. || 

In Jim : 
MARTIOy AN. M • D . XLII. ||' 

%* Folio, title one leaf + nine preliminary leaves, including six 
of index + seventeen leaves + one blank + one leaf for 
another title-page, beantifblly illustrated, on the reverse of 
which is a mappemund, occupying two pages, and bearing the 
title of TYpvs vNiYBRSALis. It coutains ** America seu insula 
Brasilij,'* above which lie Cuba, Hispaniola, Terra-Florida, 
Francisia, between which and ** Terra nova siue dc Bacalhos,'* 
runs a passage labeled ** Per hoc fretCk iter patit ad Molucas.'' 
Then twenty-two maps, the seventeenth of which is the 
** NovAi iNsvLAB xvu NOVA TABVLA,*' on the rcvcrsc of which 
is the description. These maps are followed by the Second 
Book of Ptolemy, printed in double columns, and numbering 
from I to 195. The borders were designed by Holbein'. 
(Private Libr., Brooklyn and Owft Head.) 

* The AiMtma Raurica (p. 14) men- ' Rvmohr, Holbtim; Leipsig, 1836, p. 

tions **TaMit Pt$lamaicgi^ & appendix 114, quoted by Gkaimk. 

Ifgrgphia^ I540>** but we are unable to * In Rich's Supplement^ page 2, we 

ascertain whether the present edition is find: "1542 Isla: Fruto de todos los 

intended. Santos, Folio. Sevilla.** Thit is only the 


Digitized by 


3^6 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 543* ^^^ present is Sebastian Munster's edition of PtoUupf. 

•j HorrMAN, Ltxit. BUrifr., Vol. ni, f*ft jio. 
( GitAini, Vol. T, p. 501. 

241. COPBRNICK (N.)—Reet* tf the first Itaf: 

REVOLVTioNiBvs oRBi || vm coelefHum, Libri 
VI. II Habes in hoc opere iam recens nato, 
& sdito II ftudiofe ledor, Motus ftellanim, 
tam fixarum || quam erraticarum, cum ex 
ueteribus, turn etiam || ex recentibus obfer- 
vadonibus reftitutos : & no- 1| uis infuper 
ac admirabilibus hypothefibus or- || natos. 
Habes etiam Tabulas expediflimas, ex || 
quibus eofdem ad quodiis tempus quam 
mcili II me calculare poteris. Igitur cme, 
lege, fruere. || 

Norimbergae apud loh. Petreium, 
Anno M.D.XLIII. 

\* Folio; title one leaf-f- nine prelimintiy leaves, including four 
for the index -f- one hundred and ninety-siz numbered leaves. 

(British Museom.) 

See in Book i, cap. 11 1. ^omodo terra c6 aqua unum 
globH perficiaty especially the passage on foL 2 : " Maps 

work of the Spanish physician Roderick Tm^i Santos^ o Amtidaf efkmm comtrm d 

Diax or Ruy Diaz de Isla, mentioned by ma/ Frmtues kMtlmd*^ y disfmesf en d 0m- 

Antonio (Bihiht, Hiipan. Nova. Vol. ii, pitst dt T04I0S Santu de Lisbon Ad 

page 164), in these words : Joannem iii. Portugallic Regain . HispiU 

<< Tratmdo comtra Us buhms^ sive Frmf dt apud DominJcum Robert! in folio I54i<** 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 387 

id eiit darum, si addantur insulae," &c., &c. We 1543* 
should add, however, that not only Schoner corre- 
sponded with Copernick, but he was one of the editors 
(Andreas Ossiander being the other) of this great work. 
He even paved the way ror it, several years in advance, 
by the publication of a well-known treatise'. 

" First tnd rarest edition of this celebrated work. The author's 
real name was Copernick, or Zopernick, the C being pronounced 
like Tz. He died 24th May, 1 543, only a few hours after he had 
received the first copy of his labors in print.'* 


Dirict rtfertnets: (QAumm^ Tyck, Brsk, Vits^ access, N, Copernici^ page 319. 
•j HvMioLDT, Cosmos^ Vol. II, pages 681, 687, nott» 
( EasaT, Dictionary^ No. 5190. 

242. DOCAMPO {r.y^Below a Urgi W99d(ut of the arms of Spain: 

L®si quatro Ufiross pttmetoss Dre la Otrollntca 
general ^z IBfpafta que recopila el tnae- il ixtts 
jplwCan lio canpo {sic) crlaTio g cronifta Tiel II i5m^ 
petatior lEles nueftro Mot pot man-IIDratio Dre fu 
mageftaDr pefatea* U Bn^amora* Enno .fSi.M. 

Cthpbtn : 

C ;f ueta impteffoiEt eftos quatto UttoiEtiiprimetos 
Ire la Otvonica ^t l&fpafta i|ue tecopUa el iBaeftto 
J^loiltian iro canpo, ortonifta lie la DHageftati 
<Sefatea, en la magni- 1| fica, noile, s antiquimma 
(ittlrair IrelEamom pot el Contra II )io baton Suan 
picatDio impteffot Ire Itbros, beHno tie laHtiidja 
ciutiati. ^ eofta s efpenfas )iel bittuofo baton || $uan 

' Ad Clariu. v. i* Jo, ScAoHcnim, Jt dam mathematica studiosum narratio prima i 
libris rrvlutionum ermditiss, viri ei mathe- Dantzick, 4x0, 1 540. 
wsatici Nic$/ai Optmici . , . per fuem- ' Caulogue for 1861, No. 1916. 

Digitized by 


388 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1 543*^ V^D^tro muffetti metcaDret Tie Ubtoss befino D 4IU)ihia 
"^ — yit\ campo. ^cabatonfe a quince || lilaa liel mejt He 
Mt\itm\nt. Efto Tuel nofci II mi^ Dre nueftro faliu^ 
aDror Jef u dirifto || )ie mil s quinientoss s quatenta s II 
tress aftoss. l^esnanDro en Bfpa-||fta el BmpetaHinr 
Droit Otar-lllosEs nueftro feflot sHlEle natutal.;.||iSill 

%♦ Title one lctf+ leaves numbered on the recto from fol. 11 to 
fol. ccxxxv + ten unnumbered leaves for the table. An ex- 
tremely well-printed book. 

(PriTAte Libraiy, New York.) 

Florian do Canpo^ Docampo^ or de Ocampo', was 
born of a Portuguese family at Zamorra^, about the year 
1500'. He studied at Alcala under Antonio de Le- 
brixa, joined the church, was appointed in 1539 chron- 
icler of Charles V, and died in i^5^^ Mr. Ticknor 
says' that " the work of Ocampo, in its very structure, 
is dry and absurd." At all events it contains an inter- 
esting chapter (xxth on fol. civ) devoted to the discovery 
of the islands of Hispaniola, Cuba, &c. It is worthy of 
notice that Columbus is not mentioned by name. The 
work was reprinted with additions, Medina del Campo, 
fol., 1553', Alcala, fol. 1578^ and Madrid, 10 or only 
2 vols. 4to, 1 79 1*. 

Hrrirf rtfinweut f Frbttag^ Jtmaltctm^ page 198. 

•I MsotsL, Bihii§tAecs Hhfricm^ Vol. ti, Part i, page 1%U 
I Baumoaitkn, Nackrkkttn vtn tmrkwird,^ Vol. i, page 115. 
GiAUsiy Vol. V, page 4. 
Bihlhthua Gremfillimns^ page 1 1 3. 

^ Title-page and colophon. a peniion for Ocampo, and say that lie wm 

* fttAMCKEHAVf Bihii0tA,Hitpam,f p. 11^, then fifty-five yean old, and had keen 
' TiCKMOKy Hitfry 9/ Sfsmisk LtterU" chronicler from 1539. (Sec *Gapit«loi y 

tmrt, Vol. II, p. 27. I^cs,* Valladolid, folio, 1558, f. W) — 

^ Antonio, Bibl'MhtcM Hit^ns Npvs^ Ticknok, /pc. cit^ p. 28, «. 7. 

Vol. I, p. 394. * Rbsabal, BiblhttcM di /m Etcrk, ir 

* « The Cortes of Valladolid, 1555, in ht Sits OiigMt Maytei^ p. 237 
their 'Petidones* cuviii. and cxxis., ask * Baoiirr, Vol. nr, col. 150. 

Digitized by 


BibRotheca Americana. 389 

243* yALBNCIA (M, DE)— Recto of the first lidf: 1 543 • 

tICon ))rttttU0t0 tttt)imai " 

Then woodcut of an escutcheon. 

C l^itto Uamalro W^tiixt^ Ire bfttugtieis btU $^ 
topUifo. atopHolio pot bn teligiofo yottitsues. || Ire 
U otirf 91 fetraiieo palrte fflt fvactoco HSitigilro al 
mus nueftto II feftot ;f taiuffco yeffoa : teforei^o Dl 
mus ef(late({)ro r fnu . . . J 

€ % 910m : g nUlraii^ji le li 

)rUi0 tolropolretofo s )< ^u ISenbCta JtHatire || la bit:: 
gen fanetaiBatCa. ;f ue inqiveffallla irvefetite obra, 
Uamatra STefoto Ire bittu- II Ireis, en la billa Ire JQle:: 
tffna Irel eS II po, pot ^elrvo Ire (Softto im- II ptefot 
Ire Utto0. gUabofe allbesente triais 19 <!&ttttte.||Mo. 

^ . s . tm . II 

%* 4to, title one leaf + twenty prelimintry unnumbered leaves + 
one blank + sixty-four unnumbered leaves 4- leaves numbered 
Lzv-czxxv + one leaf for the above colophon. 

(Private Librtiy, Mexico.) 

This anonymous compilation by a Portuguese monk 
of the Franciscan order, interests us only on account of 
two letters : one from Martin de Valencia forwarded to 
the bishop of Mexico to the general chapter of the Fran- 
ciscans held at Toledo ; the other, addressed to the said 
de Valencia by the friars of the Franciscan Convent or 
Talmanaco, dated June 12th, 1531. These two letters 
have also been inserted in the Latin Cortex of 1532 
(supra^ No. 168), and in the Novus Orbus of 1555'. 

SHnct rtftrtme : TstMAux, No. 50. 
* FoL 665, If. 

Digitized by 


390 BibUoiheca Americana. 

I 543* ^ 244* FjtLENCIA (MARTIN DE) V A. DE OLAFE. 

vi^^ ^ n II '^'^^^ l»«ri)alio s ex?plo lieloa fielea. 

itienau^taTio paDrre ftas Stniaiteis Dre efpoleto: 
ftagle Dreloss menoreis Hela otDren D Del fetafiro p^xt 
nurStco fant jptancifco. IBl qual mattsrio ted!ii« 
enla ciuDraDr Dre jpef potU betDraDr H Dre nueftra fagra 
fe, a nueue Hiass Del meis Dre p IBneto Drel ftfto He 

%* 4to» eleven unnambered leaves. 

(Private Library, ProTidence.) 

<' This IS an introductory paragraph on the recto of the first leat 
of a small 4to tract of 1 1 unpaged leaves, Gothic Letter, without 
title, place of printing, or date. It conttins, first, the above-men- 
tioned *• Martyr to** written by F. Antonio db Olavi, dated ** en tl 
C99Vint0 di Situval,** April 10, 1532, translated, as the anon3rmou8 
author of the tract states (on the verso of the 2d leaf), by him, horn 
an old sheet which had been sent by King John, of Portugal, to 
the general chapter of Franciscans, held at Toledo '* en el dU del 
sancto pentecostes.** Then follows a letter of F. Martin db Valen- 
cia, sent by the bishop of Mexico to the same chapter, accompanied 
by another, addressed to Martin de Valencia by the friars of the 
Franciscan convent at Talmanaco, dated June 12, 1531. 

** The copy before us bears the stamp of Mr. Tcrnaux's collection. 
It has the same contents as his No. 50, but a different title." 

{Bihlhtketm Br9^misaa\) 

The present is not a separate work, but simply a por- 
tion of the preliminary part of the above No. 243. 

Direct rtfirttue t TstMAUx, BihIi$tMifme Africsime^ No. oSo. 

* First Part, p. 20, No. 72. Giovanni di Sacrobusto e da altri, per An* 

* The fuUowing from Anthony Bro- tonio Brudoli. In Venexta per Franceico 
ciou, a well-known ** Pestifero Eretico/* Bmcioli, e Frategli 1543, in 4.** 

who occupies such a prominent place among (FoMTAimtif .) 

the ** Damnati prim^ tlatsis^** may contain 

a map : " Trattato della Sfera, raccolto da f BiUhi^cs luUmmm, Vol. n, p. t&j. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 391 

245* DIONrSIUS—Rict0 9f tbi first iiaf: I 543. * 



Then large woodcut, representing two globes, one issuing out of 
an open eye, the other with the word AMERICA ; and below : 


Cum gratia fcf priuilegio. 
In fine : 

Venetiis per Bartholomeum cognomen to Imperatorem : fcf|| 
Francijcum eius generum . Anno M . D , XLIII . \\ 

%* Sm. 4to ; title one leaf + thirty-nine unnumbered leaves, 
printed in Italics. 

(Private Librtiy, New York.) 

Dirict re/eriMca: THoppmann, Lexicon, Vol. 11, pages 106-7. 
i Brvnbt, Vol. II, col. 731. 
( OtABstx, Vol. II, page 402. 

246, PiGHius {A,)--^^ De (equinoSiorum folftitiorumque 
inuentione, et de ratione Pqfchalis celebrationis^ PariSy %V0y 


See, supray page 180, No. 107, for the first edition of 
this curious work, which was several times reprinted. 

' Bihiiotk€caBntannicafVo\.ii,co\.7$7, de Medina d*avoir extrait de la premiere 

* De Medina (P.)—" Lihro de /as £dit. de cet ouvrage tout ce qui forme le 

Grandenas y cotas memorabUs dt Espatta, sien. Or comme cette premiere edidon 

Primum Hispali apud Dominicum de Ro> est de 1 544, quoique dat^e de 1 543 a la 

bcrtis 1543 . fol." (Antonio, Bibi. Hisp, fin, il est fort douteux que celle de P. de 

Nova^ Vol. II, p. 215.) Medina, de 1543. cit6e par Antonio, ex- 

**Dans une note de la seconde edit, de iste.** (Brunbt, Vol. in, col. 1572.) 
•a Chronique, Fhrian do Cmmpo accuse P. See, infra^ under the date of 1549. 

Digitized by 


39^ Bibliotheca Ammcana. 

I CA,0, 247. NUErAS LnrE^-Vndir s hsMttfuiiy prnMmewtid ^#r- 

^ggg^g^g^ dir C9nummg thi Mrms 9/ Sfsm : 

^ei^tff Q 0vbtnatuM tmt- 
namiU ^td^M n um^S^,Z 

inttiM s hum ttatsiW mitnto s tovtSttMtUm )iclii0 
inliiojEt : que it f^an )(( guatliat en d il ttmStjo $ 
autiildas teoles q en tUM ttSttm : $ pox Wtosi los 
ot(O0 II gonetmo^rotes 1 iue^es s petfonas pattieus 

ttlt^nitH II ^^^^^^^^^ S lieclatodon ^ellaisll 
IIUITIPIIXf II pata la gottemoeUm lie la« Jn-jj 
liiae, 8 finen tratamientD lie IO0 II natutaleis tiellast. 
;f ueton im-|| ptefas pot manlialiio )ie|| Ids feffures: 
ptef{)i^e, s )iel eonfefo lie las $n- 1| tiiasr: en la 
billa II lie Uleala || lie II l^enates : en cafa lie Joan fl 
He IStocat a 0(1)0 liias liel || nt% lie Julio Hel afto || 
He nfo faluaHorll Jefn etif-||to||^.]9.Xi,«».|i 

%♦ Folio ; title one leaf + thirteen numbered leaves. 

(PriTite Libr., New York and PnnridcAce.) 

Rich calls' this extremely rare volume " thtfirsi col- 
lection of printed laws relating to the new world/' and 
Ternaux* " le premier recueil qui ait etc public." These 

^ Biblhtk, Amtrie, Fittms, p. 5, No. 13. * SiMtJUfne jhUrkstMf p. 11, No. 49. 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 293 

two assertions have caused many readers to misappre- 1543' 
hend the real character of the work, which is not a col- ^==ss^ 
lection or a ** Recapilacion^** but simply two ordinances 
of Charles V, known among historians as the famous 
Nuevas LeyeSy and which have been the cause of so much 
mischief They were issued especially for the better 
treatment of the Indians, and, we believe, for limiting 
the partitions^ of lands among the conquerors. Leon 
Pinelo states^ on the authority of Juan de Grijalva^ 
that these laws " tan odiosas," were prompted by the 
publication of the manuscript tract Dies i sets remedios - 
contra la peste que destruye las Indias. They were issued 
at Barcelona, November aoth, 1542, completed at Val- 
ladolid, July 4th, 1543, and ordered to be printed, and 
enforced immediately throughout the Indies. 

The present is the first edition of these laws. The 
second was published at Madrid in 1585'; the third, 
which we believe was the last, at Valladolid in I6o3^ 

As to the Ordenanzas of Antonio de Mendoza, we 
describe them, infra^ under the date of 1548. 

Although as early as 1556 Antonio Maldonado had 
proposed to frame a Repertorio de las Cedulas^ and the 
work known as Pugds Cedularid'y which must be consid- 
ered as the first step in that direction, had already been 
published, it was not until the rescript of Philip II, dated 

' BpitowUf p. 63, QT. HxutBftA, De- fut en ellas |l residem : y for todot Us otros 

cad. Tii, lib. ▼!, cap. x, p. 120. Goutrua- 1| dores, jKezes y ptnonas parti' || 

* Crottica de la orden de S, jtngiutim en emlares delias. \\ En Valladolid, || Rn la Lm- 
las Pren. de la Nueva BspaHaj Mexico, prenta del Ueeneiado Varen de Castre, || 
4to,i6i4. AM0deM.DCIII,\\ 

* **LxTiisyOft]>SNAM9AsnaeTa8,hechas *J^ Fol. Title i 1. + 13 nomb. 11. + i 
por 8u MagesUd, pan la Governadon de las blank, b. l. 

Indias, 1 buen tratamiento de los Indiot, que * Pkilippus Secundus Hispaaia\^rmm^ et 

se ban de goardar en el Consejo, e i por to- Indiarum |f Rex, Promisioes, eedulas^ In- 

do8 los otitw Govemadores, Juecet, i Per- stmcienes de su M^estad: Orde || nan fas de 

tonas Particulares de ella, en Madrid, 1585. difites^ y amdiieia dela nueua Espana : y fa 

fbl. en Casa de Francisco SaneAets** — Pins- elM tratamii || /• y ^urvacio tf* les yndios 

lo-Bakcia, Vol. XI, col. 828. dende el\a%o 1525. haua el presente , 

* Leyes y || Ordenanzas Nucoa- \\ mente de , 6^ . \\ Bn Mexico en casa || de Pedro 
kechas tor sn Mages- \\ tad^ para la goner- Ocharte . || ilf . D . LXIII, \\ 

naciS de las Indias, y buen tratamiento\\y \* Fol. Title i 1. + 3 prel. U. -|- 407 

conservacien de let Indies : que se han de numb. 11. B. l. 

gnardar en || el Consejoy Andieneias Realet [Prtrats Ubr., N. Y. and Provld.] 


Digitized by 



Bibliotheca Americana. 

'543* ^57^> ^^^ ^^ unknown jurist undertook to compile a 
iH^^^BB general code. All that we have been able to ascertain 
concerning this anonymous collection is, that the chap- 
ter treating of the Council of the Indies only was printed 
in 1593 (sic pro 1573?) Leon Pinelo says* that the 
publication was interrupted by the death of the author. 

Di^o de Encinas was more successful, although he 
published only four volumes, not in I599^ but in 
1 596*% which, however, were suppressed by the Council 
of the Indies, as Encinas had prepared them without 
having been previously authorized. 

Thus far those codes had only been collections of 
cedulas and ordonnances arranged in alphabetical order ; 
but as the number of laws increased, and, let it be said, 
with appalling rapidity, it became necessary to change 
the method, and adopt a kind of digest, omitting the 
abrogated laws and abridging those m force. It was 
only^ in 1608 that the plan was thus altered, but instead 
of mtrusting the work to individuals who acted on 
their own responsibility, as had been the case hitherto, 
a board composed of two members was created. Four- 
teen years, however, elapsed before any appointment 
was made. Finally in 1622, Rodrigo de Aguiar and 
Leon Pinelo commenced the first volume, but instead 
of continuing the work, they published in 1628 a 
Sumario or abridgment for the private use of the mem- 
bers of the Council". Aguiar died, and the entire 

* he, eh,, p. iio. 

* Lion Pinelo, he. eh,^ p. lai ; Baicia 
eren tayi {Rpit^mt, VoL n, coL 8ii) that 
it containt ordonnancet of tJib date. 

'* Prwviuiut I eedv/aSf esfittths ir t| tr- 
demswfaSf iuttrmeehmety y e&rtss^ lihrmaoi y 
itt' y fmekmimt en iiferemut tiemf^t pT tut 
Magett^i dt^hs seMores Reyes Catoliees 
den FemsMdoy d$§a Tsabel^y Rtmperader^ 
den Cttrht deghriesa memtrisjy de»a Insna 
m msdre^y Cateiiee Rey don\ Feiipe, eon 
senerde de lee seMeres Presidentes^ y de sm 
Censeje RemI de leu In || dims^ fme en sns tiem^ 
pes ia snide teenntes ed knen genieme de 
Iss Indiat^y^mdministrnehn de U jnetkis 

en elUt, Ssemde fde elh de he lihrM ir/| 
dhke Centeje per m msndnde, pars fme ae 
eepMf entiends^y te tengm m-> || ticU dehnme 
ceres delh eas* preneyde detpeus pu ee |ief^ 
enhrieren Iss Indiss | kssu sgeirs, |l JBa Mm- 
drid. II Rn Is heprents Resl!]\ M.D.XCrL 
Folk). Vol. I. 14 prel.U. + 462 pp. VoL 
II, 14 prd. 11. + 3S1 pp. Vol. in, 13 
preL 11. + 481 pp. Vol. nr, lo preL 

U. + 4i5H».- 

[Private Ubr., Previa.] 

^* Setmsries^de U^Rteep'dsciengemersiye 

Iss LeyeSf Ordensmfss, Previshnes^ Cedvlssp 

Instmechnes y Csrtss B Aeerdsdss^ fme per 

hs Rtyes Csiliees de CssHUs ee ism pm^ 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 


work devolved on Leon Pinelo. It was in the course I 543* 
of these preparations that the Father of American Bib- -=_B-aB= 
liography perused " quinientos libros Reales de cedulas, 
manuscritos; i en ellos mas de ciento y veinte mil hojas, 
i mas de trecientas mil decisiones"." 

In 1634, Leon Pinelo had accomplished his task; but 
the compilation remained in manuscript. We think 
that he died soon afterwards, for we find Juan de Solor- 
zano Pereira appointed to continue the work. Nothing 
more was done until 1660, when a new board or Junta 
de la Nueva Recopilacion de Indias was appointed. They 
completed the code to the year 1680, and it was finally 
promulgated by royal decree May i8th, i68i'^ Four 
years before, however, Juan Francisco de Montemayor 
y Cordova, who was already known by his Mexican 
reprint of the Sumario of 1628, had published two Sum- 
maries'* which have since become extremely rare ; but 
these could supply the place only temporarily of a gen- 
eral code. 

In the great Recopilacion just mentioned, the laws 
relating to the Indies are divided into forty chapters, 
each law bearing in the margin the name of the king 

mulgado .... por las Indims OccidemtaleSf 
Is/as y Tierrm Firme Jeimar \\ Oceano .... 
Ptr el LicenciaJo Don R§drig§ de jlguisr y 
AcuMai Madrid, by Jaan C^nzalet, 1618, 
fol., 8 prel. 11. + 178 pp. + 4 11. 

[Prirate LIbr., Providence.] 

Reprinted in Mez., fbl., 1 677, 8 + 38 5 11. 

'* Epitome^ p. 123. 

^* RecofilaeioM || de leyes de Us reynos || 
de 1ms Indias. || Mandadas imprimir^y pvb^ 
lUar ^per la Magestad Catolica del Rey \\ 
Don Carlos II. || Nvestro SeHor, || va dhfi- 
dida en fvatro tomos^ || eon el Indice general^ 
y al priuciph de cada Tomo el Imdice || espe^ 
eial de l§s titulos^ cue contiene, || Temo pri' 
wiere, |j Bn Madrid: Por Ivlian de Paredes^ 
Mo de 1681. Fol., Vol. I, 6 11. + 300 
pp. Vol. 11, 3 11. + 299 pp. Vol. ni, 3 
11. + 30a pp. Vol. nr, » 11. + 145 pp. + 
200 pp. for index. 

[Private Ubr., Proddence.] 

The second edition it dated 1756, the 

third, 1774, the fourth, 1794, the fifth 
and last, 1841. Brvnkt mendons (Vol. 
nr, col. 1 1 38) an edition of 1754, which 
does not exist. 

** Samarios de las Cedulas^ Ordenes y 
Provisiones Reales^ que u Aan despacbado 
per SM Magestad para la Nueva BspaMaff 
otras partes ; espeeialememte desde el aMo de 
mil seiscieutosy veinto ocho^ en que se inS' 
primieron los quatro Lihros^ del primer to- 
mo de la Recopilacion de las Leyes de Indias^ 
kasta el aBo de mil seiseientos y sesenta y 
sietei Mexico, fol., 1678, 9 + 276 11. 

— Recopilacion Samaria de algunos autos 
acor dados de la Real Audienciay Chancil' 
leria de la Nueva BspaMa, que rende en la 
ciudad de Mexico para la mejor expedicio 
de los negocios de su cargOf desde el aMo de 
mil quiniitosy veinte y ocho en que sefundo 
kasta este presente aMo de mil seiseientos y 
setenta y siete^ com las ordenaufas para su 
Goviemo, Fol., iine anno ant loco, 60 U. 

Digitized by 


^g6 BibBotheca Amiricana. 

1543. who promulgated it, and the date. Seftor Icazbalceta 

aB9s»-B writes to us that : 

"Ce code qui, tout une forme ou tout Pautre, a regi PAineri^ue 
pendant trois si^clesy est encore partiellement en yigueur chez nous. 
11 n'a jamais 6te positivement abroge, mait le tempt, et surtont les 
changements politiques qui ont eu lieu, en ont rendu caduques toutes 
les dispositions. Let avis sur le m^rite de ce code sont tres partages. 
On doit le jogcr d'apr^s Pesprit du tem^t, et non d*apres nos idees 
modernes. C'est toujours un monument venerable et qui devra etre 
etudi6 par tous ceux qui voudront connaltre Phistoire de I'Amerique.'* 

As to the Nuevas LeyeSy there is a reliable extract in 
Herrera'*, and an interesting account in Remcsal**^. 
Seftor Icazbalceta will publish in the forthcoming second 
volume of his Coleccion the entire text, copied n-om the 
notorial act concerning the announcement of those laws 
by the public herald in Mexico, May 24th, 1544. 

Dirtet reftremee» : f ffihliotAeeM GreMvillimnaf Part n, p. ^50 (copy printed on Tdliim). 
i BiUitkiCM Sr§wnisMa, page ao^ No. 71. 
I Historical Nuggets^ No. 1731. 
BaoNBT, Vol.'uiy col. 104a. 
GiAHtty Vol. IT, page 193. 


unus, ab ipfo Authore iam no || uiillme 
recognitus. || 

Vignette, a hand catting a Gordian knot. 

^ PRiBVRGi BRisGoiAB || StepHanus Mele- 
chus Grauius excu- || debat, Anno M . D . 

%* 4to» title one leaf 4- thirty-fiye numbered leaves. 

(Private Ubrary, New York.) 

See foL 35, and supra^ page 262. 

Direct rtferttti s f Bihlitkeem Bsrhwismm^ — . 

•j SihlitAeest jfmtrieMMst PrtwurtUs, page la. 
(TeAmbl, No. 1%, 

** Decade tu, lib. Ti^cap. 5, pp. no— 113. ** Sht, dt CU^mt^ Lib. nr, cap. 10. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Americana. 397 

249. ZUMARRjtGA {J.)^fFitbifi an escutcheon Mud horier : I i±±. 

ut^ofa tit iM tofM i| ptnt- U cnt s U te catl)oli(a 
S a Ufa ctillftian "oalt en eftUo llano (taco-llmfi 
InteligMii. etapuefta pot U el ^tnttiHUSimo , Sb - 
Hd fras II ^A (umartaga ptlmet otpd II D Mexico. 
Bel eafejo 1} fit mall 8^ta^> imjiffa I la mifma 
dn- n Tiali 19 Mexico pox Sn mftlia^io II $ a fn cofta. 

Ctltpbn on the recto of the fourth leaf of signature i : 

1 lRi)dra s alatan^a lie n!o fenor Sefu X{lo s )>< 
la gl'io- II fa bitgl fancta ^flaria fit nia)n;e : ai| fe 
oeaba el ptefen- ii te ttata^o. SI qual fue bifto s 
examlnalio s cottegi||)o pot mAHa^io Dl . H . ^ . 
9a fcas iuan ^Knmarljtaga: ptintet ®1)ifpo tie 
^ilexieo : s )iel edfeio : t fit ^ageftali. ^e. ims 
fimiofe efifta gtA dit||tia)f D Cenitd)tUia Mexico 
liefta nueua || Sfpafta : en eafa )ie Juft etdbetget 
pot II mfltiatro t\ mifmo fefior ofijio Sd II fras Jitft 
(ttmattaga s a fn eofta. I ^abofe lie {mptimlt a . 
xUii . n )iiais liel meis )ie Jnnlo : Ml! alio titfSi,'^, 
^UBxt I ta s ^0 Aiu>!(* II 


%* 4to» eighty-four anirambered letfyet; signatares a-liiii. 

(PriTate Libfary, Mexico.) 

Dirt€t refirenees : i Bmllain 4m SiUUpkilt /or 1859, page 183. 

{ Dittiimrio Umhf, it Wu.y Gtigr^^ Vol. ▼, page 96^ 

Digitized by 


398 BibBotheca Amerk§na. 

1544* 250. GERSON {J.y-H^itbin m h^rdir: 

Criiittrtttii Wt CSSS 

lioctot Sttan <ftetfon )ie||)iomina C))ttftiana: a 
qual- II quifta ntus yuecto^a. Cra- D ^u^Oio )ie Utl 
en llgua ®af lltellana para el W t xtM,^w\^wtt»s. 
fatio. inqiteffo en ^- 1| xieo : en eafa He tuan 
ctom-Ofietget. ^ot m9)ia)io s a eof ||ta )iel lEl . il^ . 
otUpo lie la mefllma dtttiaH ;ftas iuS (umatjl 
taga . lEleutfto s examinolio || pot fit nian)ra)io . jj 
aifto He . ^ . H . xKUi . 11 


If ^aliofe el CrlpattUo He Suanligetfon: a gloria 
8 loor He la fanctifHrna triniHaH : s H || la faeratff:: 
ftma birgS fanrta ^ilarla re^na H los an- 1| gelen. 
I? He loiEt glorionfnmos fant iuan ISoptUtaifl 
I? fant Sofepl). |^ fant ^rftetfeo. SI qual it fms 
pri-ll ntio en la grft duHaH H CennettUtlan ^itexieo 
He II ita nneua IBfpaffa en eafa He iuA trdterger $ 
Hios I! aga . ^catofe He imprimir . afto He . ^ . H . 
xliiii . U 

%* 4to, twenty-eight unnumbeied leaves, thirty-three lioet to a 
All! page. Long lines, no catch-words, signatures a, b, c, in 
eights, d, in fours. The colophon is on the verso of the last 
leaf. Large woodcut on the verso of the title-page. 

(PriTate Library, Mexico.) 

Dirut reftrencit: i BmlUtin dm Bihli^fiAiU, 1859, page 183. 
( Dicciouarh Uuhf, de Hist.y Gfgr. 

A copy of this and of the above No. 249, were dis- 
covered a few years ago in a curiosity shop at Toulouse. 

Digitized by 


BibRotheca Americana. 399 

2 5 1 • CORDOVA (P. DEy-fFitbm an 9rnsmintid h9ritr : I ^\\- 

SI ® Pdrtttd rpiatta jia " 

infttttcUinr infomtocUi lielos inliMlois: por maneta 
lie ts^totU . <Som- 1| puefta pot el nitts teuetenHo 
polite II fcas $e)(to lie (Etot^oita: )e tttenaljmes 
motia: pr{meto fun)ia)rot 9Ia otllHen lieloe ^te^: 
^icaHotesEt Has ^naslltiel xsm ^Iceano : s pot ottos 
teligio II iz% Hoctos ))la mifma otlil. i,a $1 jiliots 
ttiiia fite btfta s examiiKOia s a fi II uolra pot (I 
mus . It . 3 . el lietda 1 1| )(o Cello tie i&a^oual 
JnqitflUaliot en efta mteua Sfpaffa H pot H fiSlas 
itSttCH, i,a quol fne em.- II pteffa hi Wexieo pot 
mantiatro liel H mus . %t . ^ . tid ftag Suft fnmaxs 
ta-llsa (imet ofitfpo Hefta tivHiSLtn )iel eailfeio )ie fu 
M&^tStsOi . re . s a fii eofta. llSlfto )ie . M . li . xUii}. || 
<Kt0 pteuUegio lie fu . ^ . 1 . 2, . ^ . 

In fit*: 

Jmpteffa en la gtanlie s mas leal einliali 

He ^e- R xieo : en cof a lie Suan Ottomtetget : que 
faneta glotia asa a eofta Hel liiel)o Mot otjio. 

^atofe lie imptimlt . Sffo lie ^ . li . xUii . || 

%* 4to, title one leaf-)- twenty-nine unnumbered leavet. 

(Prirate Libr., Providence and Mexico.) 

*' Petrut de Corduba, ein spanischer Dominicaner von Corduba, 
welches auch sein Geschlechts-Nahme war, gebohren um 1460, stu- 
dirte zu Salamanca die Rechte, trat aber hernach dwelbst in obge- 
dachten Orden, gieng 15 10 als Mistionarius nach Domingo, wurde 
Provincial seines Ordens, schrieb «/ v$(Mbulari$ en Ungiu ztfiutt, 
und starb den 29 Jun. 152;." 


* jlllgtmtina Gtltirt. Ltxic., Vol. m, col. 146s. 

Digitized by 


400 BibUotheca AtnericoMa. 

1 544* ^^ O^it the long colophon at the end^ which con- 
tains the imprint. 

Direct referenca : ( Bihlitktem Htherisna, Part tu, No. 4780. 
J Bih/htAeca BrowMiamm^ page 11 , No. 73. 
I Rich, page 5, No. 14. 
BairMBT, Vol. nr, cd. 464. 

2 5 2. FRISIUS (G,)-'Rect0 9f tbi first UmJ : 



pijs aftronomiae & Cofmographi^, 

Deep vfu Globi ab eodem edi- 

ti. Item de Orbis diuifione, 

& Infulis, rebuf(5 nu- 

per inuentis. 

Then woodcnt of a mounted globe and : 

I®- Antuerpiae excudebat Ioannes|| Rich- 
ard. An . D . 1 544 . II 

C»l*fb»n : 

C Antuerpis typis excudebat || loannes 
Grauius . Anno . || M . D . XLIIII . || 

%* Small 8vo ; title one leaf 4- eighty -eight unnumbered leaves 
-|- three for tables. 

(PrlTate Library, New York.) 


" C Caput . XXX . De America. ' Amer- 
ica ab inuentore Amerio \sic\ Vefputio 
nomen habet/ '' &c. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca Ammcana. 401 

253. jiPLtNUS^FRISIUS-^RictP ff thi first lesf : I 544» 

La Cofinographie de Pierre ii ~ 

Apian, libure trefutile traidant de toutes 
les regions & pays || du monde par artifice 
Aftronomicque, nouuellemet traduid || de 
Latin en Fran9ois. Et par Gemma Fri- 
fon Mathema-ljticien & Dodeur en Medi- 
cine de Louuain corrige. || 

Auecq aultres libures du mefme Gemma Fr. appartenantz || 
audid artifice, come la page enfuyuante la declaire. || 

Then woodcut of a mounted globe, below which m •d.xliiii. and: 

^ On les vend en Anuers fur le pont de 
chambre chez Gregoire Bonte || a Tefcu 
de Bafle, imprimez en Latin, Francois, & 
Flameng. || 

\ Abfolut eft cest ceuure Cofmographicque de Peere Apian, 
auecq aul || tres liures de la mefme fcience, Aux defpens com- 
muns de Gemma || Frifon, & Gregoire Bonte. Imprimes en 
Anuers || par Gillis de Dieft, au moys Daouft. || . 1544 . || SB* || 

%* Elongated 4to ; title one leaf -|- one unnumbered leaf + leaves 
numbered iii-lxv -|- one unnumbered leaf with printer's mark 
on the verso. Many woodcuts ; revolving diagrams on verso 
of leaves xu xiit» xlix» and recto of XLviir. Mappemund 
covering verso of xxv and recto of xxvi, inscriptions in Latin 
and Dutch ; word America inscribed. 

Dinet r^'tnwettt ( Libri Catalogue for 1861, page 14, No. no. 
\ BauMET, Vol. I, col. 34». 
( OaAxatiy VoL 1, page 159. 


Digitized by 


402 BibBotheca Americana. 

I 544* 254* DB LBBWIS OR RIKBL-^Ri£t9 9f tbi first lisf: 

■~~~ C fifte en btt cdpfliUi treue que tracta U la I infc 
neta He como it i^ft He i^a^et las pceffto Htieis : conk: 
puefto pot 29Uiiiinii )flid)el cam II xano : $ ef ta I 
latll la fimeta pte D fus ficfofoss II opufcttloss : tO:: 
ntattpaHo pa comfl btilQiaH* II 

Then the text on the^ttme ptge. 

€ aii^ata 5 %\sixi^ He iifo feftot Sefu ifio s ^ la 
bfogf fcta ^a- R da tu maHte : aquf fe acaita efte 
itteue cdpenHU i que ttacta He la II manera que it fia 
He tenet en el i^atet He las ^tocefflones* IBll qval 
it iniptimUi en efta gtan duHoH H Centiclititlan 
Mexico II Hefta nvena IBfpafta pot manHaHo Hel 
mus teu^eHo feftot Hon || ^^tas Sui fumattaga : 
lintet ®i)ifpo He la mifma cfuHaH. Bel I cdfeio He 
ftt mageftaH • xc 5 a fn cofta • IBn cafa He Snan 
ctomitetll get * Efto He . ^ * 29 « xlfiii * I 

%* 4to, tignatare a in eight, h, in four, twelve unnumbered leares. 

(PriTate Libfary, Mexico.) 

We suppose this Richel to be the Denys Leewis men- 
tioned by Foppens' and Fabricius% known among the 
scholastics as the Doctor extaticus. This prolific mystic 
was born at Rickel in Belgium, in 13941 and died in 
1 47 1. He belonged to the order of the Carthusians, 
and his Speculum was the first work printed in Belgium'. 

Dirtct rtftnueeis i Mondidier Catalogue, page 98, No. 1871. 

{ Dtci^msrh Univ, de Hisi9r,y Gitgr,^ Vol. ▼, page 961. 

^ Biblitktca BtlgitM^ Vol. i, p. 241* ' I«a Suna SAMTAMBKa, DkthmmMrt 

* Bibl, mtd, it iiSHm, Lst., Mb. it, p. 95. Bihliigr^JkifMi, VoL i, p. S93. 

Digitized by 


BibBotheca AmericoM. 403 

255. DB LBBWIS OR RIXBL^RiCiP 9f thi first Usf: \ 544. 

C Wit t% bn (dpIHUi fnteue que ttarta Ula maneta — 
)ie como fe i^ft )ie i^ater las ycefnones : compuefto 
pot BionifUi Vi\x^tl cattttxano : $ efta I lot! I la 
Ihiura pte H fitis flciofois opufmloss : tomanfiOio pa 
comfl btflQia]i« 

€ 9Li| it acaiia (fte fnceue dipfliUi )ie SUinsflo 
catrtttxano : ca la aUfdon )ie loss li atgumftoss cd fuss 
refpueftass . ^c * $ trata He lo $ es mftHolio 5 be)ia)io 
I las p II cefftofss : I eipedal f la D Ototpttss Xpl: 
pot ntsa caiifa it rontft^o. Smfiffa 2 ntexiHco 
pot mft)ia)io DL 0. oiifio Hd fcas ^uft ^mattaga : I 

%* 4to» /^ Mnn9f sixteen leaves instead of twelve like the above, 
owing to a long exhortation at the end, wherein it is stated 
that the present is a second edition of the above No. 249. 

(PriTAte Library, Mexico.) 

Dirtti rtjtrtnet t Dkhusrh Ukht, it Hia»y Ottgr,^ VoL ▼, page 96a. 

256. {BioNDo M.A.y^^^ M. A. Blondi De Ventu et 
navigadone, cum defcriptione a Gadibus ad Novum 
Orbem. Venetiis^ I544> in-8*" 


See, infray under the date of 1546. 

257. MATTBi or roLTBRRA--^^ Commentarii rerum 
urbanarum, lib, xxxtiii. cum Occonomico Xcnophon- 
tis, Bafil . per Frobenium, 1544, fol." 

> Jlimmilf Table, No. 1977ft. * Bihl, Lst, Mtd., Vol. ▼^ p. 14ft. 

Digitized by 


404 Bibliotheca Americana. 

1544. 258. MUNSTBR (SEBAST,)---Ricto •/ tbi firs$ Uaf: 

COSMOGRAPHIA. ll^^fllQ^d- 

Hita n atter Senber 3)nird| « 

6ei«pM»»ii aHimflcniw hi Hefner iegriffei 1 1| %f er 
uXttt, ^errf^tfftM i|| 6tetteM, ktl ttm^jftigerMM 
lerliwnt : || Sittnt geirei^ 1 iriitiiii§ 1 gf tiiiei 1 fectex 1 kxk 
Itatie-llrMtgi^vr^ Me gti^e neltilitk flrMew-||Hi| 
Scitf^er »tti«». || »«« ti^ (cftiiler« hi ielew (mM 
gcfKiilMi llbtiik Itrin iefd|Mfel|. II 9U(rS «tt figiireM 
kill f^fltet (ftuM ItftM erHertiMl fir ttgen gefelt.. || 
®etnt<t )i 8ftfel iiir4 ^emri^iMi || ^etri. fbnu 

%* Folio ; tide one leaf, -|- six prelimioary leaves, 4- twenty-four 
woodcut maps of two leaves each -|- pages numbered to dclix. 
Mappemundy with the words: America sen insuU BrssU^, 
and map zziiij, with the following inscription on the verso : 

%\t xeiie II nettt %tt gtiffex Himk kttra 3iife-||(e« Ira 
%tM @i^t II ximi gefmibex. || 

(PriTite Libr., New York.) 

See the chajpter 8(» %tti xeiHeit i»fe(» from leaf 
Dcxxxvi to leaf dcxlij. 

Sebastian Munster was born at Ingleheim in 1489, 
and died of the plague, at Basle, in May, 1552. He was 
a most prolific author (forty printed works ; see the list 

* AHglMt Cotmography. Detcripdon don. Alto, which paiticttlan have been 

of all countries, by Sebastian MQnster, found in each country and theiein ob- 

wherein are contained the origin, customs, senred. All explained by drawings and 

habits, laws, creeds, sects and occupations fine maps, and placed before the eye. 

of all nations, goTemments, cities and re- Printed at Basil, by Henry Petri, in the 

markable tdwns through the whole urorld, year 1 544. 
and particulariy through the German na- 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 405 

in Heger'), and not only a great mathematician and 1544* 
cartographer, but one of the best Hebrew scholars ^^ 
his time : " Gertnanorutn Esdras hie Straboque conditur^^' 
says his epitaph. Modest and learned, this good and 
conscientious man did not escape the centure of a cer- 
tain school of critics. 

The Athenae Rauricae^ mentions editions of this work, 
" Laf. 1543 . 1545 . 1550 . Germ. 1544 . 1546 . 1550 . 
155^ . 1564 . 1578 . 1621 ./(?/.*• 

Extended extracts have been published in English^ 
Brunet mentions' an Italian translation, under the date 
of 1558, printed by Petri, at Basle. The French edi- 
tion, by Belleforest*, is well known. 

Dirtet rrfertuces: f STuinrSy Biklhtk, Histor, Se/eet., cap. xvi., page 761. 
I Cdta/ig, Bibl'ftk. Bumsv., Vol. 11., page 35. 
I Nafionb, Del Primo Scophrore^ P^S^ S-14, il~a6. 
HitfrUal NMggets^ No. 1954. 

259* OLARBANUS {HBNRT LORiT.y-^* Dc Gcogniphia 
liber unus ab ipfo aucthore jam tertio recognitus. Ve- 
netiis, apud Petrum et Jo. Mariam fratres et Cornelium 
nepotem de Nicolinis de Sabio, ad inftantiam Mel- 
chioris Seffac, anno Dfti M . D . XLIV, in 8°." 


' GnfT. BiickersaaI,Vo\. i., pp. 79-140. tAe ComogrspAye of Sebastian Munuer ; 

* ''Here lies the Etdrat and Strabo of London, i6mo, 1574, 101 11. (BihL He- 
the Gennans.** beriana,) 

* Page 24. • Manuel, Vol. in, col., 1945. 

* A treaty te oftki newt India wtA other * La Comograpkie univer telle de tout le 
new founde landes and IlandeSy as well monde .... Auteur en partie Aiunster, 
eoMtwarde as westwarde, as they are inowen mats beaucoup plus augmentee ornee et en- 
and founde in these oure days, after the de- richie par F, de Belief oresty tant de les 
scripcion of Sebastian Munster in his boke recherches^ tomme de Paide de plusieurs me- 
of uniuersaU cosmographie f London, by moires par hommes amateurs dePhistoire et 
Edward Sutton, laroo, 1553, loa pp. de leur patrie^ Parb, a rob., fol., 1575. 

[Private Libr., Provideoce.] [Private Ubr., N. Y.] 

— A briefe Collection and compendious ^ Memorie Intomo ai poeti Laureati f 
Bxtraet ofstraunge Thinges, gathered out of Milan, 1839, 8?o, page 348. 

Digitized by 


4o6 BibUotheca AmericMa. 

I 544* 260* OIAMMULLARI (P. F,y-^Rict9 •/ tbi first iisf: 

""^ PIER FRAN II cEsco giambvl || lari 


DiU Sit$y Forma^ V Mifuri^ dilU H Infern9 di Danti. | 

Then oblong vignette representing Noah's trk» with the motto : 


In Ftrenxi per Neri Lhrtilata M. D . XLIIII. 

%* Sm. 8vo ; title one leaf» + pages numbered from 3 to 153, -|- 
a uble of thirteen unnumbered leayes^-f 1^^^^^ i^gis^^* 
and vignette on the yerso. 

(Prirate Libnur.» New York.) 

This work, from one of the founders of the famous 
Academy of La Crusca, is certainly curious and inter- 
esting (especially to philologists, on account of the 
introduction of accents for the purpose of showing the 

f>ronunciation of the Florentines), but it reauires no 
ittle stretch of imagination to place it among tne books 
relating to America, on the strength of a small fanciful 
map on page 18, which exhibits on the West a kind of 
promontory with the inscription : terra incognita, 
and on the South : montb dbl ptrgatorio. 


Dirtet rtftrtmcut [ BihliHJktcm BektrUa^ Pjut ▼, No. 1816. 
Nioai, i9fr, i» Fi^rtmt, Seritt^ page 453. 
BavMiTy Vol. n, coL 1581. 
GtAiitiy VoL uif page 78. 

1545. 261. FERRER {yjtiME.y-^^SeMtencias cat ASUcas del Divi 
" Barcelona, — I545-" 

**CMrtMs dil gTMM CMrdiMsldi EspsUydi Us Rtyis CMtMu0s a 
M9Sin jMimi Fimr $ Us ctnUsUcUuis di isU j su iitUwsen S9hrt U 
fMrtUUn dil msr Ocisnt c$n il Rij di P$rtmgsli y itrs (mtU di Fimr 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 407 

i D, CristibMl C9Un. (Hallanse impresas en Barcelona el afto mil ^ 54^5* 
qoinientos cuarenta y cinco en el raro libro que compil6 el mismo — -^s,^^. 
Ferrer y titulo Sentencias CMtbolkas del Divi poets Dant,**) 


See in Navarrete's Coleccion^ Ferrer's letter " A I muy 
magnifico y spetable SeHor el SeHor Almirante de las Indias^ 
en la gran isla de Cihan^^ dated August 5th, 1495. 

This James Ferrer de Blanes (who should not be 
mistaken for another James Ferrer, /. ^, Jacques Ferer, 
the discoverer or supposed discoverer of Cape Boja- 
dor^) seems to have been a native of Catalonia, a cos- 
mographer by taste and a jeweler by occupation. The 
only traces we could find of this mysterious personage, 
who, together with Pighius, gave us more trouble than 
all the authors cited in the Bibliotheca together, are in 
dialogue xlv of Oviedo's Sluincuagenas^^ where he is 
made one of the interlocutors ; and the following ex- 
tract, the discovery of which we cannot but compare to 
the finding of a needle in a hay-stack : 

*' Ucobus (Mosen laume) Ferrer de Blanes. Catalunos sub Regi- 
but Catholicis Ferdinando & Elisabetha scripsisse dicitur Lemosino 
termone : Sentencies Catoliques del Divl Poeu Dant anno MDXLV. 
(alicubi) editas : quode D Thomas Ant. Sanchez SylL Peem. Hisp. 
ann. MD. T. I. Preleg. pag. xxvii. //f." 


262. jiPIANUS {P.)—Recte tf the first leaf: 

^ COSMOGRAPHIA || petri apiani, 
PER GEMMAM FRisivM || apud Louanicnfes 
Medicum & Mathematicu in{ignem,||iam 
demum ab omnibus vindicata mendis, ac 
non-||nullis ipfius quoq; locis au6ta. Ad- 
ditis eiufdem argu- || menti libellis ipfius 
Gemmae Frifii. || 

I CiliceUtif VoL ii, page 97. 3 aptid CLEMENcm. 

A NAYAatBTB, Diurtachn »brt la His- 4 Bihliotkeem Hispanim Vetut^ Vol. u, 
r«r. d* Is Nsutiea^ page ifto. p. 337, wif. 

Digitized by 


4o8 BibUotheca Awurtcama. 

^ 54*5* Then a large mounted sphere, and : 

"~"~" M . D . XLV . II Vaencunt Antucrpiae fub 
fcuto Bafilienfiy Grcgorio Bontio. || 

^ Excufum Antuerpisy opera Aeg • 
Diefthemij || Anno d Chrifto humans falu- 
ds II Authore nato, || . 1 545 • || 

%* 4to, title one leaf 4- sixty-six numbered leaves for text; on 
the virs§ of the last, printer^s mark with the quotation: 


Three revolving diagrams (on folios 28, 49, and virs^ of 1 1^ ; 
large mappemund, folded, with a few words in Dutch ; the 
inscriptions in Latin. This continent bears on the Southern 
part the word America, and on the Northern, which is onlj 
a very elongated prolongation, Bsccslisrum. 

(Privtte Libfiry, N«w York.) 

Dinct rtftnmcit t ( CstmL BiMotA, JIvmv., Tom. 11, page 34. 
i TidMBL, No. 13. 
( Obaimi, Trimr^ Vol. i, page 159. 

263. ICING ALFH0N8US-^Rict9 •/ the first liMf: 


HisPANiARVM REGIS, || aftronomics tabuls in 
propriam integritatem rcftitutaB,ad calcemlj 
adiedis tabulis qus in poflrema edidone 
deerant, cum plurimoru || locorii correc- 
tione, et acceflione variarii tabellani ex di- 
verfis au-||toribus huic open infertani, cum 
in vfus ubertate, tum dimcultadsHfubfidiu: 
Quorum nomina fumma pagellis quinta^ 

Digitized by 


BibUotheea Americana. 409 

fexta & fcptimalldefcribuntur. Qua in re 1545- 
Pafchafius Hamellius Mathemadcus infi- 1| ™™™™ 
gnis idemq ; Regius profeflbr, fedula ope- 
ram fuam prsftitit. || 

Then printer's mark. 

PARisiis, Ex officina Chrijiiani wecheli fub 
fcuto Bafilienji, in vico lacobao. Anno 


(Priyate Library, Paris.) 

We insert the present on the authority of Bishop 
Kennett*. It is evident that it is not in the Alphonsian 
tables (which were composed only in 1252, although 
printed for the first time in 1492, ten years after the 
death of King Alphonsus) that we must look for some 
passage relating to America, but in the notes or preface 
of Pascal Du Hamel. M. D'Avezac, however, who had 
the kindness to examine the work, states that it does 
not contain anything germane to the subject before us'. 

264. OyJEDO^GOHORY^RectB $f tbi first Uaf: 

L'hiftoire de la ii terre nevye 

DV II Peru en Tlnde Occidentale, qui || eft 
la principale mine d'or du || monde, na- 
gueres defcou- || uerte, & conquife, & || 

* O11MU9 BibUotheea Uuhfertalh^ p. 32} proYed to be the caie with tcYeral bookt 
FABUcnrt, BibUotheea Latiua Medist et in- mentioned in the Bibiioth^ Am» PrimorJia^ 

JSm. setat.. Lib. i, p. 192. as for intUnce PoMTAMirt* poem ii Meteo- 

* Biblioth. jimtriese Primrdia, p. 12. rum liber (p. ii), and Thomas* Historie 

* We should sute that such has likewise of Jtalie (p. 1 3). 


Digitized by 


4IO BiiBotheea AmirieoKa. 

'545* nominee la nou-||uelle CafHUe^HTraduitte 
—"^ d* Italien en Francoys. || 

On let vend a Paris au Palsut en la Galerie | par ou on Ta i 
la Chancellerie en la || boutique de Vincent Sertenas. 1 1545. 

Lut line of leaf Bij ; 

L*audeur eft Gonzalo Ferdinadi del 
Ouiedo nadf de Ma || dril ^ a {ai€t rhif> 
toire generale, dot eft extraid ce fum- 
maire. || 

Imprime a paris par Pierre Gaul- 1| der, 
pour lehan Barbe & Vincent Sertenas. || 


%* Small elongated 4(0, title one leaf 4- three prelimtnaiy un- 
numbered leaves -|- forty-nine unnumbered leaves. The copy 
in the Imperial Library, at Paris, contains a map which is 
not in the copies which we have examined in thb country, 
(Privite Libfiry, N«w York aod Providcnoe.) 

Moreri and Jocher ascribe to Jacques Gohory a His- 
ioire du Pirou; Barcia-Pinelo' and Brunet state that 
this Gohory was the translator of the present extract, 
which the latter considers 'Ma troisieme partie d'un re- 
cueil italien impr. a Venise et a Milan en 1535 [ii^^ 
Nos. aoo and aoi ?]." 

The opinion that Jacques Gohory is the translator is 
borrowed (if our memory serves us right, as we have 
not the book before us and cannot procure it at present) 

* EpHmm^ VoL n, col. 645, with the date of <* 1553.** 

Digitized by 


BibBoiheca Americana. 411 

from the Bibliothique fran^oise of La Croix du Maine, 1 54 (• 
The title shows that it was a translation from the Ital- h^^h^ 
tan ; and the note in signature Bij states that the au- 
thor of the original work was OvicSdo. Now, the " re- 
cueil iialien impr. h Venise et h Milan en 1535*' is only 
the translation of Xeres' Con^uista, bv Gaztelu. The 
only work of Oviedo in Italian whicn corresponds to 
the present, is the Librojecondo delle Indie occiaentaUy or 
second part of the collection printed at Venice in 1534 
{snpray page 314). We r^ret that we are not in a 
position to compare again these two works. 

As to Gohory, Gohorri or Jean de Gorris, he was a 
French astrologist, poet, historian and prolific writer 
on almost every subject, well known for his eccentrici- 
ties, and who, "disgusted with the world and all within," 
ended his days in 1 576, poor and almost forsaken. We 
notice that a number of his works were published by 

Dhtct TtfirtwetM t t Titif auz, page 1 1^ No. $%, 
i BftVMXT, Vol. m, coL i88. 
C Bihiiotktcm Brtwmisms^ page %%^ No. 77. 

265* ^MSENDE {GjiRCLi DBy^Surm§UMtid hy tw$ w$$dcMts, 
$ni repnsintmg a sphere, the ether, the srms §f Pertugai: 

Esitro irsis obrais He <Sarcia Ire lEteHflre que ttata 
Ha bUia e gtaHifHinaiS birtuHeiS ; e biiHaHeiS : mag^ 
nanfmo eisforpo : excellenteis coftumeis e mantais e 
mits ttwcM feitois Ho cfiriltfantfnnui : mitito alto e 
mitito poHerofo princfpe el lEles Hfi SoAo o fegunHo 
Hefte nome : e HoiS Vitsfi He Vortugal o ttef eno He 
glorfofa memorta: comepaHo Ho feu nafcimento e 
toHa fita blHa atf a tora He fitk motte: cfi ottttais 
obrais que aHiante ft feguem* Com priitUegfo 

Digitized by 


412 BibBotheca jfmeruana. 

1545 /»>/.. 

fl loitiuir Ire UeiKi e Ira glorfofa birgem noffa 
fen^ora St uahon Ifitro Ira bUia t festois Mtes 

Horn SoAo festtnUo He Vortugal fos inu: 

pteffo em cafa He Eitsis roHrigueiS Kbreiro Hel teg 
noffo fentor aois xU Htais Ho meis He Svnto He mil 
e qitintentois e qvarenta eineo aniuiis* 

%♦ Folio, ** au titrc sacc^de TAlytH accordant Ic priyil^. Lc 
feuillet tuiyant donne un prologue de 1 'an tear, puis Tiennent 
cet mots : Fey fits : virtudes : e§stumis : e manbas ^il Rej 
d§m Umm § SigU9d$ qui smucU baya. Ced condu, commence 
la vie du roi (avec un titre special) ; elle debate i^ la p. I et 
finit I, la p. ccxxiiij. La biographie achevee commence : A 
trasUdafi0 d$ C$rp§ d9 muy cMt$lic$ i muy esf$rfMd$ Ret de 
Mo e Segunde deste neme, l^c. Apr^s le feaillet czzzTJ 
▼ient : Um da Iffante dona Beatrix pera Saybeyaf le feaillet 
czliiij presente une grande estampe divis^e en petits comparti- 
ments repr^sentant la vie da Christ : au centre on remarque 
ce titre : Cemessasse a paixae de nesse senber Jesu Cbriste teda 
inteira : Segunde #/ quatre evagelistas : tirada de tedes elies em 
iiuguagem pertugues, ajuntada e cencertada per Garcia de re- 
sende, Cet opuscule est mentionn6 comme in^dit par Barbosa 
dans sa Bibliotheque Lusitanienne. Dans an 6casson le feuil- 
let diij continue ce titre : eomefasse e %ermae sobre e vimda dies 
sides ires Reys mages. Fei viste e examinade peies depmiades 
da sicta iuquisifh. (Ce dernier opuscule a et£ entierement in- 
connu I Barbosa). La table vient en definitive. L'oaTrage 
est imprim6 k deux colonnes en caracteres gothiques. On 
n'en connait que trois exemplaires. Ces details sont em- 
prant^ I la bibliographie de M. Innocendo da Sylva.** 

(FBftnmAiiD Dm.) 

Garcia de Resende, one of the greatest poets and 
chroniclers of Portugd, was born at Evora about the 
year 1470, and is supposed to have died after 1554. 
His intimacy with King John II, and the position 
which he held at the Court, must have enabled him to 
witness the scenes which he relates with so much zest 
and originality. It is in the present, which contains a 
life of the greatest of Portuguese kings, that the reader 

Digitized by 


BibUotheca Americana. 413 

will find a spirited and authentic account of the inter- 1 545* 
view between John II and Columbus at the palace ""^ 
Almeria, when the great navigator, after being ariven by 
a furious storm, had been compelled to land in the port 
of Cascaes, March ist, 1492, thus imparting to almost 
a personal enemy the first tidings of the successful issue 
of^his voyage. The work has been frequently reprinted. 

Dinct rtfutaet t Jo. da Stlta, DicchiuwU ML f^riagmp Vol. u, page to, 
266. MBDINA (P.y-Uiidir a Urge iscMtcbi9^ $f Spain: 

en f|ue St contienm Utim \m Vit%\M, 'BnUx^ 
ciones, Sbtttttnn, s 9ixASw, $ a U 1iimiana«fs 
gocUi fon necfffatio0, s St titvi faiet, tecf^a pot 
el tnoeftto Tj^t^xn 'at JUletiina. SitigUia al fetes 
ntfnmn s mus efelotefenio feftut, titm Tffi^tli^t 
ptincipe )ie Bfyafta, s tielas )iob i&ieUia^ . re . 
^ (Eton itteuUegio impetial •i!^ 

Cthfhtn, vtitbin *fr*mt : 


ytoue II etio s btClHia)! liela nauegoeion, f enefee el iite? 
rente itttollUamaiio arte de navigar, f^ecto 
S otlllienatio pot el moeftto ye)ito )ie JKetiCnall 
betino tit iZ^enUla. jTne bUto s optono^io, en la 
inHH pe eofa )ie la Conttaetaeion tit las Jnliiais, 
pot el ¥i-llloto masot s ®ofmogtapf)ot tie H 
^ftaseftati. II 

1^ afft-||ntefmo fue man)ia)io bet s examinat pot 
el eonfeio tealHUe fu SS^^tixiA, en la noble billable 
Uallatiollb, eftan-ii)io enella el V^ineipe nneftto 

Digitized by 


414 BibBotheca AmericaMs. 

1545. feftot, fi fit teal totte. Jmll^timio it mlaUfcH 
— bUla, en cafa Die iPranrifco ftman-HDin l»e Cmc^ 
Iroua impteffor, hMito a lais efmeUus maso- 1 r»: 
2Uabo it pdmno Irta Irel meis He ®cttibre. flio 
Hel II nofcimiento Ire nueftco feftor Sefu cfrtUto, He s 
qiti-ljnieiitois s giuitenta s cinco sffois* || 

%* Folio, title one letf 4- five muiaiiibered letyet 4- one hundred 
numbered leaves 4- one letf for colophon. On the recto of 
le«f zxn, a map exhibiting the Isthmus, Florida and Penu 

(Prirtte Ubr., N. Y^ Ptovid^ aod Hanraid OoO. Lik.) 

Pedro de Medina was born at Seville' about the year 
I493\ He seems to have led, for a short time, a 
sea-raring life'. He was escaminer of the pilots for the 
Indies ; and acquired great repute as a cosmographer 
and historian^ The present work was translated into 
French by N. de Nicolai, in 1554; in Italian by V. 
Palendno de Corzutu, in 1555 ; in German by Michael 
Coignet, in 1576; and in English by J. Frampton, in 
1 58 1. Navarrete states% in noticing these numerous 
reimpressions : 

** Esto prueba el aplanso universal con que fu^ redbido el tratsdo 
de Medina, como elemental para dirigir la enseflanza de la niutica en 
las naciones eztrangeras, hasta muj entrado el siglo xvii. Fn^ so 
autor ezaminador muy principal de los pilotos 7 maestres de la car- 
rera de Indias, 7 viendo entonces cuan pocos sabian lo que concemia 
k su profesion, oulso simplificar 7 fiicilitarles esta enseflanza publicando 
un compendio de su jirti, que con el titulo de RigmuMt$ de Mswigs- 
ci$M se imprimi6 en SeviUa en 1552 7 1563. Con el miamo dbjeto 
escribi6 una Snma di c§sm$grMfU en 1561, que sa ha conservado ine- 
dita 7 vimos original en la libreria del conde del Aguila en SeviUa." 

Dhtct rtftrtmcut ( Rich, page ^ No. 15. 

•I BtvMXT, Vol. my c^ 157ft. 
I GtABaii, VoL IT, page 46^. 
BihitptkieM BnmmUuim^ page fts» No. 75. 

* AifTONio, BiU, Hitp, iV»v«, Vol. n, * See Lib. it., cap. n, of the pmeot 

p. 215 ; Framckbnau, BihL Hitp^ p. 344. work. 

' NAYAftftSTi, Dittrt, ». U Hist9r, de Is * (jf. ''!fi'^ under the date of ifA 

Nsmtka, p. 161. hit Liirt iegrwuUam. 

Digitized by 


BUSotheea Americana. 415 

267. CJHTIKR {yAC9pES^Rtet$ $f the fast Utf: '545' 


Aicdnde narration, de la nauiga- 
don faide ef yfles de Canada, Ho- 
chelage & Saguenay & autres, auec 
pardculieres meurs, langaige, 8c ce- 
rimonies des habitans d'icelles : fort 
deledable a veoir. 

Avec priuil^e 

On Us uend i Paris au Jecond fillier en la grand 

Jalle de Palais iS en la rue neufue Noftredame i 

Tenfeigne de le/cu de frace^ far Ponee Roffet di8 

Faucheury 6f Antheine le CUrc frhres. 


%** 8yo, title one letf ^with privilege on the verto) 4- one onnam- 
bered leaf 4- leaves numbered 3, 3, 5, 4* ^^'^ beginning with one 
unnumbered leaf, followed by leaves numbered 7-48 (leaf 8 marked 
7 by mistake). The last two and a half leaves contain a vocabulary 
of the ** Idgage des pays & Royaulmes de Hochelaga & Canada." 

(Bridth Muteam.) 

Digitized by 



BibBotheca Amerkana. 

1 545* ^^^ ^ '^^^ ^^ Jacques Cartier, born at Saint Malo, 
■HSB^BB December 31st, 1404, and who died after 1552, we re- 
fer the reader to tne documents published by Charles 
Cunat', M. Michelant*, and the excellent introduction 
added by M, D*Avezac to the Tross reprint^ 

If we are to believe Lescarbot, Car tier made four 
voyages to New-France; but we have aujthentic accounts 
of three only, and it is doubtful whether the Saint Male 
navigator wrote any of them. 

The French original of the account of the first voy- 
age is lost. The earliest version is to be found in Ra- 
musio\ whence it was translated into English', and 
afterwards into French*, This French version was 
added by Lescarbot to his well-known Hisioire', and in- 

' Ssiut Mal§ lUmttri pmr ut hUrinn 
(St Malo, 1864, 8yo?) 

* y^j^t di jsfvtt Ctrtiit mv Csmada 
tu 1534, nmvelU idithu^ pmhiik d'sfrh 
ttditUu di 1598 «f ^Mprh Rammu9f fsr 
M, H, MktiUnt mvn demx esrtei^ dieu- 
wumtt imidin mr ysfuet Carikr tt U Cmus- 
dM^ c^mmmwifmit ^ J£ Alfrgd Rtmi ; 
Park, Syo, 1865. 

* Bref rkh et tmeehute usttoHm dt Is 
mttt'tiMthm faht tm mdzzxt et mdxxxti 
pMT U esfitmime yacpus CMrtitr sux iitt 
de CanadM^ Hickitts^a, Ssguttuy et autres, 
RHwtfreuiem ffMrie de Feditiem erigmMle 
rsrisshu de 1IDXX.Y 0vee let vsrisntet dee 
msmmterht de Is BiUietk^ne JatpMsk^^i- 
eidee d'mae hrive et tuednete imreJkctien 
kiuerifue fsr M, D*Aveuse | Puis, Syo, 

* VoL iii» fel. 413-441. 

* A thort and || briefis narration of the 
two H Naoigationt and Dbcooeriei H to the 
Northweait partes called H Newe FraTnce : it 
First translated out of French into Italian, 
by that famous || learned man Oio : Bapt : 
Ramutins, and now turned H into English 
by John Florio t worthy the rea- il ding of 
all Venturers, Trauellers, 11 and Discouerers. 

Imprinted at Lon- |j don, by H. Bynne- 
man^ d^yelling H in Thames Streate, neere 
vnto H Baynardes Casteli. H Anno Domini. 

\* 4to, 4 IL + 80 pp. 

[Prtrate Ubr., PnyridMice.] 

aux Terres-neufues de Canadat, No- H ran- 
bergue, Hochelage, Labrador, et D pays a£a- 
cens, (tite nouuelle France, II aoec partico- 
lieres maun, langage, et H ceremonies dcs 
habitans d*icelle II a aoYBN, R ds L*iMPti- 
MKBiB n de Raphael du Petit Val, Libraire 
et Imprimeurlldo Roy, i TAnge RaphaS.! 
M. n. xcviii. svee permstiem. 

%* 8vo, title I + 7 U. + pp. 17-71. 

Having been informed that there was a 
copy of this extremely rare work in a pri- 
vate library on Long Island N. Y^ we wrott 
to the owner thermf, but oor letter having 
met the fate of a number of similar re- 
quests, we feel constrained to make ov 
collation from Tross* reprint. When we 
see how little disposed certain coUecton 
are to promote the cause of science, «c 
feel tempted to exclaim with Mommsdi 
{sfud his edit, of Pindar) : 

^ luclemeutiores temscieretftie Mt Matta 
bibiiolkecariet itntemi^ fMt xfei pemet W 
deter ieret tsntum li^t etutedieSsmt, at de- 
negsmde sliquid diimftstis su 


^ Lib. in, cap. n-T, in Wnoire de k 
NeuveUe Frsuce^ centemsmt let tunf^sthm^ 
decemvertet et kshitatieutfshetpsr let FrgB' 
feit it Indei Oeeidemtala et Nmveile Frsmt 
test PsMtJUriti de ws Rets Tret GirMlm, 
et let dhferutfortumet d^heux em Pexeewtke 
de eet ekeett^ depuit cemt smt jutput i km 

Digitized by 


Bibliotheca Americana. 417 

serted by Tcmaux in his Archived ^ and by the Sociiti 1 54.5« 
LUtiraire et Historiquede Sluebec in a volume composed asa-a-s-a 
exclusively of such reprints^. 

The account of the second voyage is the present No. 
267, of which only one original copy is known to exist. 
This sold at the Courtanvaux sale for thirty cents. The 
British Museum possesses the copy from which the 
Tross reprint' was made. Ternaux's version'® was 
copied from two manuscripts (Nos. 10025 & 10265 .3 . 
iq the Imperial Library at Paris). We think that the 
Quebec reprint was borrowed from Ternaux's. 

The French original of the third voyage is also lost. 
We have only fragments, collected by Hakluyt", whence 
they were copied by Purchas". 

Dirett refereticti i .( Santander Catalogue, Vol. !▼, No. 5799. 
•j Bibliotheca Grenvilliana^ page 818. 
(Brunit, Vol. I, col. 1605. 

268. MARINEO {L.)-^Recto of the first leaf: I ?46. 

Sbwnwcxa Die la clariffCma bCTra g i)eroCco8 i)eti^os 

He los reses Iron jpetnanTio s Irofta S?fatel, facalro 
He la otra granHe He las cofas memoratles V1B,U 
pafta compuefta pot Eucio Jttlarineo ^iculo. Co^ 
(eHo en cafa He Sua He ^sala, mil s quinieto s 
qnareta s fepes aftois* 

%♦ Sm. 4to, title one leaf 4- seven tyrsevcn numbered leaves. 

(Private Library, New York.) 

This epitome gives the chapter and repeats the blun- 
der mentioned supra^ page 360. 

. , . jB« qu9i est eomprise rHhtoire Morale^ • Arckh/ez des yoyaget^ Vol. i, p. 117. 

NatureUe et Geograpkipie de la dite fr^ * V^yagei de Decouverte am Canada^ entre 

vimcif Paris, limo, 1609, 24 11. +8 88 pp.. Us annies 1534 </ is^i^far Jacques Car- 

3 inapt; /J., 1612; /^, 1618, 55 11. +970 //rr, I* Sieur de Rolervaly Jean Aiphonu 

pp., 4 mipt (all three in a private library, de Xancfigne^ tec. ; Quebec, 8vo, 1843, 

New York). These are the only real pp. 1-23. 

editions. The publications of 161 1 and '* loc, cit,^ Vol. 11, pp. 5-66. 

1617 are m^ly new issues, difiering from " Vol. i, pp. 232-240 j contains also 

the first and second editions solely in the pp. 201-232, the first and second voyages. 

date on the title-page. '* Pilgrimesy Book viii, cap. iv. 


Digitized by 



418 BibBotkica AmmcMo. 

I 546* 269. LMMCBMM {L.y^Riri$ rf thi Jtrst ksf: 

^niteiilite geitmtg I Hie 

gr»t(e» mum |tiet )<l negM frft#ii|ci|t 
C|H|Hm gvif ||3iilitiliie«r |U| lier«a|e(t|iii»tt cteet 
9tt(fr«iie» Ue||€|Tif etfett ttrrMt gemnttti krihrM fete 
(ell wit feiiieii g(i-|| lenriw Mftii§ f#teMif(i# lef^rU 
ie«itirr )M(ctft C|ri{le»- 1| ({# Mt|ge(e8tif(»4iri( Ue 
9mi<frtii lie C|f{f enfeit II INvtyt i« nerle fitlet 
gefterettiiral i» eiiier || (itr|e«)eit Mf nt^ffettiMl i« 
|e(Mlfe» Irieget toiler let 3l?le»||iral tie niglei^ 
fiiett. W^ ^^"^ II ^ifel grtjfev mtfti Mil feiiie< geiuu 
led ielefittmig 1 1| liivt C|ri1leiUi# tslgelegti lir# ftoqr 
£er#eni || twi Kielfiiget. II 

In fiat: 

•etmtt Ml iwletlt tsf Itl iMtfent fiMf |iw-|| 
lert Ml fe#< Ml lier#igf itritsf let||Mlfnite| 
le< 3emef0. || 

%* 4to, siat hit, tide one leaf + (iz anaumbered leaves. 

(Pri*Mc Libmy, New Yafk.) 

We r^;ret that the want of space prevents us from 
describing this curious parody. It strictly belongs, 
however, to a Bihliotheca AfricaMa. 

3 Tsuumc, BiUMiipu j^ntmmt, — . 
7 OiAua, Vd. IT, page 171. 
V. BiUhtttec BvUmisas, fge l». 

Digitized by 


BibBotheea jimeruana. 419 

270. jutoimiom—Rtttt tf tbt firit lt«f: 1 546. 

ill ewl'Ui bob! |tt| bnllta fmfti meo loqiti: 
Irt II 01(00 {nrnnaf . yaul^ H Itme (09 dciUi. tapite. II 

f^f^MM Ckviftii)!^ II na: ma« d(tta 5 
b1ia)ie(a 9a 0lte fin entMHdd 5 Uttan: en | ff 
(dtiene f I (otedfrno Ht || totmociO pa intiiois cfl 
totro lo )i¥indpal fi || neoffatio | e( x|IUinD "Htm 
folin 8 olitwr. II 

€ Jmpalfa en JSUxieo )mi¥ nUUia^io )e( lEtenet^ 
^lUlimo fe-lfto¥ 90 teas iuan Cnmottaga: inrimet 
otUpo He ^iUxieo. I 

€ a gUnUi lie iefn ef^vUto 9 )ie fit tentiflita 
xMCaxt : ai|n{ fe oeata U afieliOKi (U eallieciimo pot || 
lioettina mas faeU pata IO0 fn^iiois menon entenjl 
)inio0 s man naio!ii8negto0. Slfiualfneli ims 
ptreilb en la mus leal 8 ffi^an eiu)ia)i I lit ^iUxieo 
pot manltairo 11 tene- 1| tenlitfnmo feftot tifl teas 
inan n (nmatraga : piriniet oliUpo 1 1| UtexUo. 9el 
eof^io H fu O 4llagefta)i, ^e. Oealio II it t iniptimit 
f Hn Til y alio 1 mU r qninil P tos 8 (inaten- II ta 8 
fe80 1 afto0. II 

%* 4to« tinutnret in eights, except x., which it in fonr ; sixty 
nnnumoered leaves. 

(Priratt lAhaaj, M«dco.) 

271* ifONTBtt (7.)—*' Rudimenta cosmographica . Ti- 
gurif apud Froschoveram, 1546, in-8, cartes grav. sur 

bois. (Wildwaaer Cttalofnc'.) 

* Pag* 176, No. sils. 

Digitized by 


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