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I N 




O F T H E 






O F T H E 


I. Hiftory and Antiquities of Barnwell Abbey and Stur- 

BRiDGE Fair; with II Plates. 

II. Sir John Cullum's Iliftory and Antiquities of Hawsted; 

IV Plates. 

III. ColletTlions towards the Hiftory of Elmswell, Campsey 

Ash, Sec. 

IV. Orme's Defcription of the Chanonry of Old Aberdeen ; 

I Plate. 

V. Martin's Hiftory and Antiquities of St. Rule's Chapel ; 

the Riding of the Parliament, Sec. ; III Plates. 

VI. Lord Buchan's Remarks on the Progress of the Roman 

Arms in Scotland during the Sixth Campaign of Agri- 
cola ; Plan and Defcription of the Camp at Rae Dykes, 
Uc. ; VI Plates. 

a a VII. 



VII. Gifford's Hiftorical Defcription of the Zetland Islands 
I Plate. 

VIIL A Short Account of Holyhead ; III Plates *. 

* One of thefe is on an additional Leaf of Letter-prefs in N" LIL 







The History and Antiqjjities of BARNWELL Abbet, 

£ Price Six Shillings. ] 

MONGtrhe vario\is Labours of Literary Men, there have ahvays 

been certain Fragments whofe Size could not fecure them a general 

Exemption from the Wreck of Time, which their intrinfic Merit entitled 
them f> (urvive; but, having been gathered up by the Curious, or thrown- 
into Mifccllaneous Colle>ftions by l^ookfellers, they have been recalled into 
Exigence, and by uniting together have defended themfelves from Oblivion. Pieces have been called in to their Aid, and formed a Phalanx that 
might withiland every Attack from the Critic to the Cheefemonger, and. 
contributed to the Ornament as well as Value of Libraries. 

With a fimilar view it is here intended to prefent the Publick with fomc 
valuable Articles of British Topography, from printed Books and MSS. 
One Part of this Colle£lion u ill confiiT: of Re-publications of fcarce and va- 
rious Trafts ; another of I'uch MS. Papers as the Editors are already 
poflefled of, or may receive from their Friends. 

It is therefore propoled to publifti a Number occafionally, not confined 
to the lame Price or Quantity of Sheers, nor always adorned with Cuts; 
but paged in fuch a Manner, that the general Articles, or thofe belonging 
to the refpecElive Counties, may form a feparate Succeffion, if there fhould 
be enougb publifhed, to bind in luitable Clalles ; and each Tra6t will be 
completed in a hngle Number. 

Into this Collection all Communications confiflent with the Plan will 
be received with Thanks. And as no Correfpondent will be denied the 
Privilege of controverting the Opinions of another, fo none will be denied 
Admittance without a fair and impartial Reafon... 

To the Binder. 

^* This Number contains Two Plates, the Head of Mr. Butler, and a 
Plan of Sturbridge-Fair, both properly paged. 

The Signatures are, Title Sheet, p. i — 8 ; C — M, pages 9 — 80. 

B. B b twice, C c — M m, pages i — 104^ 
*A — *D, pages I — 32^ 

T H 5 


O V 


A N D O F 






" Canonici qui nunc funt Barnwelliae coenobium olim habue- 
" cunt, per annos paucos, tempore Gulielmi Rufi, prope Caftelluni 
" Grantabrigenfe, eo in loco ubi nunc eft ecclefia D. Egidii, ex« 
*' tantque adhuc veteris coenobii aliquot veftigia. Tempore ver6 
" Henrici primi tranflati funt Canonici Bernwelliam per Paga- 
" num (Peverellum) comitem Grantabrigenfem." Lelanel, Col- 
ledlanea, Tom. Ill, p. 14.^ 


THE fubje6l of this work is an abftradl of the Regifter of 
Barnwell Abbey, in the hand-writing of Mr. Tliomas 
Rutherforth, rector of Papworth Agnes, in the county of Cam- 
bridge, (and fatlier of the late Dr. Rutherforth), whofe refearches 
into the hiltory and antiquities of the county of Cambridge are 
well known. The original MS. with additions by the Rev. Dr. 
Mafon, is now in the hands of the Rev. Mr. Peck, fenior fellow 
of Trinity College, Cambridge *, who obligingly communited it 
to the editor. 
Among Mr. Baker's MSS. in the Harleian Collection, N° 7036, is, 

*' Liber memorand. Ecclefiae Convent' de Eernewell, p. i— . 152. 
" Idem, ut videtur, quo ufus ell: Lelandus &: Camdenus. Hie 
*' liber ("quantum conje61ura alfequi poffumus) circa 
" an. 26 regni Ed\vardi regis Angliae primi compilatus, An. 
" Domini 1298." 

It is a tranfcript of the Barnwell Ledger Book, Harl. MS. 

An Extr.i(St of the Bernwell Book fee in Lcland's ColIe^Slanea, 
Tom I. pars 2. p. 433 —443- 

The book begins as this, " Regnante illuftri Rege Angl' Will'o 
" primo," Sec. See. 

* See Britifh Topogr. vol. I. [■>, 192. Several volumes of his CoIIedions were 
purchafed at the fale ot" Dr. Malbn's MSS. by Mr. Gough. From the tranfcript of 
the bilhop of Ely's regiftcrs among them are taken the articles in the Appendix. 

B 3 PRO- 



" Sole ad occafum tendente fervor diei tepefcit, 8c miindo fe- 
" nefcente caritas refrigefcit. Set quia fcriptum eft, ubi refrigefcit 
*' caritas, ibi dominatur iniquitas non eft mirum fi fraus, dolus^ 
" & maliiia, cxteraque vitia in mundo pvilulent: fet niagis timen- 
" dum eft li coiivaleicent, quod totum mundum fuo veneno infi- 
*' cient. Quia tamen pie crcditur, quod ubi eft fpiritus Dei, ibi 
*' crit et libertas, fervi Dei quamvis prefluras patiantur in mundo, 
*' non tamen couficientur in tempore male; fet falvabit eos 
*' Dominus, 8c liberabit eos, 8c eruet eos a perfecutoribus, quia 
" fperaverunt in eo. Quapropter et fervi Dei de caetero liberius 
" evadant manus hominum impiorum per Omnipot. Dei adjuto- 
" rium ; ex quo certum eft, quod humana memoria labilis eft, 
" operoe pretium eft in fcriptis aliqua redigere, quae ecclefiae 
" noftrae utilitati poffint proficere, 8c patribus noftris, modernis, 
*' 8c poft futuris, in fuis anguftiis, Sc foevientis mundi perfecuti- 
*' onibus per infpedtionem hujus libelli fubvenire. Ad hoc igi- 
*' tur opus congrue perficiendum fpiritus fandli gratia fuuna 
^' prieftat auxilium." 

Manner of doing homage : extra(5ted from the above book. 

When a tenant thai do his homage, he fliall holde his handys 
togeder, and put them on his ladys handys, and flial faye in 
this forme that foloweth, " I becom your man." 

A copy of this, or fome other book relating to this houfe, is in 

the Archbiftiop's hbrary at Lambeth, N° 959, from which 

the follo\»'ing extradls were communicated by tiie hie Dr. 

Ducarel : 

De Quo Warranto, &:c. 

In fine Itiiieracois Jufiic' multa vintrunt brev" icg', de quo warranto. Rex enim 

;' Hen. III. J ante bicnnium per confilium Domini jotiis de Kirlby inceperat caf- 

trum ("antebrig', undo ex pucipto rc^is fatta fuit inouifitio per bberos & le|^,.k'S 

Jno;nines de ccaiitatii dc procinCtu calUi, qui jurati teccrunt circuitum, incipitiites 



ad locum qvii vocatur Armefwick, circuibant fofla'um caflii, alcendentcs ufque ad 
locum qui vocatur Afwickfton, & defcendentes lecerunt tranfitum per Uiediiii:. 
Guris fcholarura de M'ton * per vetus loHatuiii ufque ad rivcram. Et tandem reilt- 
untes dederunt refponfum fuum quod totus ille circuitus fpe(flabat ad precinduiu 
cafiri per lacrameiitum quod fecerunt. Et ex hac occafione venerunt brevia regi* 
fingula fuper omnes inhabitantcs ultra pontem ex parte cailri. Quo warranto, &c. 
Unde timor omnes invafit ; Prior vero oppofuit le dicens, quod ad ccclefiam fandti 
Egidii juxta caftrum erant canonici de Barnewell in principio fundati, ibique ha- 
buerunt officinas fuas fatis competentes, & duas acras terre ante portam ecclefie fue 
verfus ripam, &c. Tnde Juftic' prefixerunt diem Priori & omnibus habitantibus 
ultra pontem prope caftrum ad fcaccarium regis, &c. Lib. 3. 

Hffic inquifitio fadta fuit tempore !:-imonis de Alfellis qui erat Prl:,r duodecimus- 
in ordine. Ifte Simon, Jolano cedente, eledtus eft in Priorem communi omnium 
voluntare. Epifcopus vero Elienfis Hugo de Baielham (cujus tunc erat officialis) 
eundem cum gaudio fufcepit, & Priorem fecit. Hie Hugo conftituit collegium 
Sanfti Petri in Cantabrigia anno 1280; cui poteftas fadta fuit per Edvvardum pri- 
mum anno regni fui 9'. 

Ex Hiftor. Barnwell. 
Johannes Peckham Archiepifcopus Cant' vifitavit prioratum de Barnewell, lib. 1°, 
Abbas de Kvefham fuit Vicecancellarius, lib. 2. 
Audiens antem rex (Henricus) quod Infulares multa mala facerent in circuitu, 
venit cum magno exercitu ad villam Cantebrig' & ibi hofpitabatur. Rex vero- 
Alemannie Richardus pater regis hofpitabatur in prioratu de Barnewell. Ilex vero- 
fecit edificari portas & facere foflatas in circuitu ville cum magna diligentia, nee 
pcrmifit operarios diebus feftivis ab opere incepto ceflare. Miniftris vero Regis 
quotidie exibant per circuitum infule fi forte poffent aliquos de Infularibus compre- 
hendere. Exierunt ergo quidam Infulares de fua virtute confidentes, & ceperunt 
mala facere in villa de HorninggefTcy fecundum quod confueverant in contemptuni 
Regis. Sed miniftri Regis quatuor ex ipfis comprehenderunt, ceterique fugerunt 
ad naves fuas : de quibus quatuor comprehenfis tres funt decoUati, quartus vero 
erat Walterus de Cothcnham, miles fadtus in Infula, & hie erat laqueo fufpenfus. 
A die ergo illo fafta eft fecuritas habitantibus in patria, quamdiu Rex prcfens- 
erat. Poft paucos vero dies venerunt rumorcs ad Hegem quod Comes Glouc' 
cepiflet civitatcm London', & quod legatus miffus in Anglia a latere domini pape 
obfelTus erat in turre Lond : & receflit Rex cum toto exercitu fuo feftinans ad partes 
illas, & reliquit villaru Cantebrig' fine cuftode. Quod fcientes Infulares venerunt 
cum multitudine armatorum ad villam Cantabrig', 8e portas quas Rex conftruxerat 
igne combulTerunt, & multa mala & depredaciones fecerunt. Burgenfcs vero 
Cantabrigienfes, fcientes eorum adventum, omnes fugerunt ; nee remanlit unus 
etiam ex ipfis qui refifteret Infularibus. Revertentes autem milites per prioratum 
de Barnewell, inicrunt inter fe confilium ad molendinum venti, ut totum prioratum 
eoncremarent, & aulam precipue ubi Rex Alemannie hofpitabatur. Horum. 

* Merton.. 

3 eoBfilluct 


confiiium duravit fcie per duas horas. Sed dominus Hugo de Peche, & dominus 
Kobertus Pcche fraterejus, oppofuerunt fe; diccntes, quod citius n'orerentur <^uam 
permitterent oli'a patris fui & predcceflbruni fuoruni cremari. £t fie Ulvata eft 
domus ab incendio^ &c. Lib. 3. Lamb. MSS. 939. 19. p. 197. 

This latter extradl is printed in this work, p. 15. 

The two following extracts are taken from Baker's MSS. at Cam- 
bridge, vol. XXVin. p. 156. 

"Mart. 15, 153'. Dominus [Epifcopus Elienf] dedicavit magnum altare 
" B. Marie Cantebrig' &c. &c. port biduum in cancello Omnium Sandt' de 
" R.rnwcll (propriam fepukuram habens) eft dedicata." 

" Anno 1538, Henricus VIII. Rex et totius Ecclcfice Anglicanae turn Synodi 
" turn Parliament! auiiioritate fupremum caput confirmatus elediionem prioris de 
" Bernweli fignificat Epifcopo Elien', mandatque ut confirmet, alioquin Rex de- 
*' fcdtum Epilcopi, ut fupremuai caput, fupplcre curabit." Ccllett' Epilcopi 

The account of Sturb ridge Fair, a neceffary appendage to 
the hirtory of the monaftery and parifli in which that famous 
mart is kept, is compiled from various original documents, chiefly 
in the colle^ftions before mentioned. The plan was drawn by the 
late ingenious Mr. Effex, who lived juft to complete it. 


C 9 3 

V j 


.'b"a R k' W E' U. L a b b £ .y. 

T'c '\o e9fr''5fnf.; a t>n' ' 

IN the reign of William the Conqueror, one Picot, a Nor- 
man, furnamed from his office Vicecomes^ had a very rich 
•barortv giv'en him by thfe faid king, in Cambridgefliire. He 
was fherifF of that county, '-but' he rankt as earl among the 
nobility of the kingdom. 

This earl Picot married a noble lady, whofe name was 
,tIuGOLiNE, a^ very charitable, pious, _ good woman. After the 
death of William the Conqueror, and in the reign of his fon 
William Rufus, this Hugoline was feized with fuch a violent 
fit of .ficknefs in Cambridge, that flie was given over by the 
king's phyiicians, and many other phyficians, who were called 
to her affiftance. Upon which, fhe vo\ved a vow (as it is faid) 
to God and alfo to St. Giles (whom flie had always looked 
upon as her peculiar patron), and proniifed, that if Ihe re- 
covered her health, llie would build a church to his honour, 
and eftablifh a houfe of religious, and dedicate the fame to 
God and St. Giles. And to this vow her. hufband confented, 
and promiled to fulfill it. Upon which flie perfedlly reco- 
vered in three days. Therefore both flie and her hufband 
were very zealous to fulfill their vow immediately, but could 

C not 


not agree what order of religions to eftablifli. At laft they con- 
fnlted St. Aniehn, who was then archbilhop of Canterbury, and 
Remigius bilhop of Lincoln, in whole diocefe Cambridge then 
was. By their advice they built a church to the honour of St. 
Giles, with convenient apartments (officinas competeiites)^ near 
the cadle of Cambridge; and having gathered together lix canons 
regular, and fent fur one Galfrid, canon of Huntingdon, a very 
religious man ; they appointed him to govern this their new ereded 
fbciety, to which they gave for their maintenance two parts of 
the tythes of all their demeihes, and of the demefnes of all 
their knights v.ithin that province, having firfl: obtained the leave 
of Remigius, billiop of the diocefe. They gave them alio the 
advowfon'«f lill.thofe churches which belonged to them in fee,,. 
(ik jure fundi) and Picot confirrned all thefe donations by his 
charter, at the initance of his wife Hugoline '. 

Py cot's Charter. 

Pycotus vicecomcs omnibus hominibiis fuis et amicis Francis ec Anglis tarn prse* 
fentibus cjuann tLituris I'al. Sciatis me confilio ifni Rtrrtlgii Line' epi et precibus H. 

■uxoris mrje conHituifle canonicos regulates apudCanrabrigiann ad ccclcliam&ti Egidii 
in p-rpttuuiTi Deo i'ervituros, et eoruni conlino dcdillc eifdem canonicis et concclijire, 
et hac mea charra confirmaffe, pro amore Dei et Chrifti falvatoris mei eccl' Sti tgidii 
de Cant' ubi dcmus eorum fundiita eft, cecl' de Mordone cum capclla de 
P.cddcria, tccl' de Thadi'laws, eccl' de Biune, eum capella cafteili et cum capella 
de Caldtrcore, eccl' de CAimbcrtone, eccl' de Maddingcle, cccl' de Kamptcne, eccl' 
de Harlcftone, et f'e Henchiilone, habendas et tenendas libere, quicte, honorifice, in- 

.tegrr, in prati^-, in jerris, et palluris, et cum decimis molendinorum, et cum omnibus 
a!iis pertinentibus in villa et extra villam, in libcram et piiram et perpetuam elemc- 

• finam. ConCeiTi"rimilirer jam dit^is canonicis confilio predidti R. Line' ep' duas 
partes do omnibus domini? omnium militum mcorum in C^ntabrigtfliire, fcil. de 
Qiieija, de Srowe, de rWaterbtche, de Midletone, de Impctonc, de Uiftone, de 
Grettone, d^^ Hoketon. de Ramton, de Coteham, tie LoUelworth, de i'rumpitone, 
de HarcUngt'eld, de Harlcion, de Everefdon, de Tofte, de Caldtcote, de Kingilon, 
de Wi.'-.epKla, de (.raudena, de Hatteleia, de Pampelworth, de Aldewincle, ha- 

, hend'et ttnend' libere, quiete, et integre, in perpetuam et puram elemol'* ad domus 
iiise et -illic Deo fervicntium perpetuam fullcntacioncm. Hiis tcfl.', Humhido 
capcilano, SiC. ' 

• Reg. Parmvell. F. :. C. 13. 45. ' F. 2. C. 6. 


O F B A R N W E L L A B B E Y. j i 

But before they had fully fettled their little convent ', botli 
Picot and his wife died, and left their eitate and honours to their 
fon Robert, whom they ftriiSlly charged and adjured to finifli 
that work. But he was in a very little time, in the reign of 
Henry I. charged with being in a confpiracy to kill the king, and 
fubvert the kingdom ; and being fummoned to appear before 
the king, he fled to avoid the puniflimcnt of his treafon, and 
fo all his eftate and the barony were con li feat ed to the king's 
ufe * ; and this convent of St. Giles was reduced to very great 
want and mifery. But in procefs of time, king Henry 1. gave 
that barony to one of his favourites, Pain Peverel, a famous 
and a valiant foldier, who had been ftandard-bearer in the Holy 
Land ^ to Robert Curthofe of Normandy, the eldeft fon of the 
Conqueror, and returning into England, uj:!on Robert's accom- 
modating matters with his younger brother Henry then king, 
the faid king took a great liking to Peverel, and gave him the 
barony of Pycot, and the fite where Barnwell priory was after- 
wards built, and confirmed it to the canons of St. Giles by charter, 
together with the church of St. Giles, and the church of Cum- 
berftone ; and moreover gave to them the tythes of all his de- 
mefnes in Cambridge. 

Pain Peverel coming into thofe parts, and feeing the houfe 
of St. Giles defolate, and in a miferable condition, faid, that as 
he fucceeded to the pofTeflions of Picot, fo he would fucceed 
him in finifliing the work which he had left iraperfedt, and 
therefore refolved to increafe the number of canons to the number 
of the years of his own age, viz. 30 "*. But viewing the place 
where the prefent houfe was built, and finding it not fufiicient to 
contain apartments for all his intended canons, but efpecially that 
they had not the conveniency of a fpring, he obtained of the 

' F. a. C. 7. > C. 8- F. 2. ' F. 18. C. 34. 

' F. 2. C. 9. 

C 2. king 


king a certain place without -tl}^; tqw^> of CnmhridgefM ^m^^na 
plalea ufque in i'ln^e/finiCmtebrJ^l^ ^ very.plcajant lituaCionj in the: 
midft of which j,)iqce^pf} ground \yp|re-[t;]^ie, .fpringp galled Barnwallf 
that is, the Sprvh.igs of .tbc Childrm ',(,from the refqrt of- children 
and young perfpns thither yearly, on the' eve of Str;'Jol|n.,^jlie 
Baj)tiil:, to amufe tljien:).|fj^.y,ef/fVvit^ii\y|i-eftl4jiig }-nfitchejSj[ .ii^jd;-p;.|;)e.r; 
il)orts, which concouri'e in .(^i,9>ifesli;iig|>,§ii-if^ito^||jip/a)ij![. 
there held. . _ , j^,^ Yro-incf fi'l ■;;'r 31/Jb ?n{ W^ r: 

On this place, one Godijo,. a; man qf, gi'eat piety,; leadingr;a- 
folitary liffi, had built a .littlej,Qr9;tpry .vf,j,\vpod, to ...the honou!r,pi;, 
St. Andrew the Apoftie^ ,ijBut,l)<^^pg|,clje-^J,p-U£tle;b,e^9re*;;^..^d^ 
the, plact; without inhal^itaat, and, \\\^^\^'^x^^f^ withoijt;*^ ^S^^^^Povs. 

The forefaid lfain;Pe,verel having-^ reib^.ved ,up(xi(T»..j:^q, ji-K-pift^-; 
blilhment of tiie ^priory aforefaid, und,er Galfrid■^forejai/.l,.gav^e, 
them the foHowing cl^ja^ter, not only.jcjonflrming t^atj of..Picot, 
but alio to make additional ^giftsof his ow,a i rui his! arij 

P. Peverel, on^nlbus! hqminibiis §t.:^rpi.cis Francis eti'Anglis, tarn' pr^^ntibus 
quam hituris I'alutmi. Sciatis n-e dediffc ct coiicediire, et jiac inea carta cpnlinvialie, 
c:inonicis mcis Je Cant', pro amore Deij e't pro farike amma^'n^ele; bmncs ecclefias ct 
ornnes citcimas in!hi*e: qiiaS Pxcorus vic:ec<ini*seili)em canonicis idedit, 
coijc.efnt, ft iua carta ccmMiinavti^ tdj;c;',tj tc- S.Egldii de Cant,ai)' gibl domus foruni 
tiifiJati eft, e'c' dc Alordon Cini-i" cap'de Keddferia'.'ec' cle Thadelaw, tc' dc Brunne 
cu;r, cap' c.iilcIH, e: cian cap' di- Caldccorc, ec' de (^oinKjrtone, ec' de Madingele, 
t<f dc Ramion, cc' c'c Jiafltitone^ t-c' de-Hcngilonj habeiid' & m I'ycat's charter. 

Conccflj fmii i-cr jain liidis^canjopicis duas partes dccimarum dc omnibus dominiis 
oViiniu.T) inilirum nico'um iri Cantabrigcfliire, Icil. de L.andheche, de Vv' 
Qi;e!]c, dc Sruvv,. de Middletone, de Impetone, de H)ftcne, de Grectonr^ de. Ho-' 
kirune, dc Raa;pt^de,. dcfCpCenham, dc Lollewertl)e, de TTumpitone,, de H^flin^7 
fclJ,^ de rLifleiloii, de Everidoiie, dc Toft, de CaLiecote, de Kin^flone, de v\ yne- 
p'tl, de {"r^uvdcnr, de Hattelc, 'de I'aiPpiworth, de AldcAincie. Conccfli iimili¥r 
c.ild.t;.n3 laiK.nicis (quendv m lociim iactntcm 'in campis Cantebrig' pro trcidecimacris 
cnca tonrt-s de Bunweilc <]ucm Henricus R. nrclii dedit, ad domum eorum f]abi-_ 
Jrendamet fundandam. y^d h^-brnd' ct tenend' in iiberam et pnram er perpctuani 
cJerjilGnnain libci^c, quierc, integre, a m'agna piatea ii'que in riv' dc Cant' indicc'o et 
in pi inko, (ecui-.dum quod curia eorum in longum txtenditur, et ficut cns,.ipx. 
rriiLhi ct haredibus me'is ilkim luc6m dcdit. Conci nTiimilitcr eis in litieram elcnn -' 
bnani unam hydamtcrra; dt d'nio meo in B unna et diniidiam virgatam terra; quam 
i\adii!phus de Mordone tcndii. Hiis tefl', ?;c. ^ 

^ V i^t D.igdzle, Alon. Aiigl. 11. ^V. j.c. lo. J F/i. c. \i. 



Having things fvire on his own part, he alfo took care for 
their further fecurity to get ajl the necefiary charters of confir- 
mation from the pope, the king of England,: the archbilhop of 
Canterbury, the bilhops of Lincoln and Ely '. 
King Henry the Firft's charter. 

HEN RIC US rex Anglic Herveo epifcopo de Ely, et Gilberto vicecomiti, et 
omnibus baronibus fuis Francis et Anglis de Cantebrigelchyre, falut'. Sciatis me 
dedilTe et conceffiffe, ad preces Pagani Peverel, canonicis de Cantabrige, locum quen- 
dam in campis Cantebiige ja<?ent^m circa fontes de Bernwell, pro creldecim acris 
terrffi ad domum eorum Itabiliendas, et ccctm fuam fundanclam, habend' et tenend* 
in Jiberam et perpetuam elemollnam iibere, quiete, integre, in ricco et marifco a 
piatca ufque in riveriam de Cancebrig', i'ecundum quod curia eorum in longum ex- 
tendityr. Cor.cefli eciam eis dtcimas de dominio meo de Canlebrigia, er fcclefiam 
Sandti F.gidii, et ecclefiam de Cumbertone in perpetuam elemofinam. Tette Rogo 
epifcopo Saruin, Wilto epo Exon^ Johe cpo Badue, Turflano capellano, Hamonc 
dapiferOj apud Merlebrigam in Patchy \ 

Carta D'ni Remigii Lincoln ienfis cpifcopi. 

Omnibus Sandts Matris ecclefire filiis ad quos prefens fcriptum pervcnerit R.e- 
migius Dei gratia Lincoln' ep' eternam in Dno fal'. Noverit univerfitas veftra nos 
diviiice pietatis intuitu, ad peticionem domini Pycoti vicecomitis, 
dcdiffc et conccQlfTe et prtlenti carta noftra confirmiifle canonicis de Cant' ecclef* 
Sti Egidii dc Cant', ubi Liliuifu noliro domus eorum fundata eft, et ecclefia: deMorden 
cum cap' de Redderia, eccler de Thadelows, ecclef de Brunne, cum cap' caft. 
et cum cap' de Caldecote, ecclef de Combenone, ecclef de Maddingele, ecclef 
de Ramton, ecclefias de Harjelion et de Henxton^; hab' et len' iri ^jprios ulus libtre 
'quiete, et integre, cum omnibus aliispertinehtiis ad'inopiam fuam reJevandum. Con- 
cefllnius eciam eis etjTclcr.ti carta nqftra confi'rmav'imuSj ad prefentacionem jam didi 
r^coti, diijs partes deciniarum de omnibus.domir.iis omnmin .militum, pertinenciura 
ad dc Brunna in Cantebrigelhire!, fcik. de Que'ija,' de Stowe, de Warerbeche 
de LandDeche, de Mrduleion, dc Impeionv de HyItoBe,'de Gretton«, de Hokitone, 
de Rampton, de C-otcnham, de Lolichyorih, de ',1 runiiiitcne, dc Haffelingfclde, de 
•Harleli-oh, 'de Evercfdofti?, ^e Tctfie, -di^'Caldccote/deKingilohe, de Wy°epo],' de 
.Craudene, de H-attclcia," de- Pa'mpifi-vithe, de Alde\<'ifKle, habend' et tenend' in 
ulus proprios intrgre quiete Uipere ad domus k.x et in ea Dto Lrvicntium perpetuam 
'futtentationem. ■ Hiis telf, &c. ^ 

Carta Dom.ini Hervei Elienlis epifcopi primi. 

Herveus Dei "gratia. Elytnf epifcopus omnibus Sai.fta: M tris ccclefite filiis et 
fidelibus lalutem,tt Dei benediciencW, etTuam-. Noveririsncs divinarpitfatis intuitu, 
ad prtelentatiotiem domini Pag^ni Pevereij, dediffe et corccffiile et prtfcnti carta 
noUra confirmafle, canonicis regularibus de Barnwelle omnes ecclefias quas piede- 
cellor noiter bona^ mcmoriiE ■* confirmavit. Concefiimus etiam eis duas partes de- 

' F. 3. C. M- . . / i-. 3- C. 14. ^' F. 3: C. 15. 

♦ Poininus Rcmigius Lincoln' epil'copus eis tonceflit et fua cana. . 

3 cimaruini 


cimarum dc omnibus dominiis jam diili Pagani et onimum pertinentium ad baro- 
niam de Brunne in diocefe noftra, hab' et tenend' libere, quiete, pacifice, in liberara, 
puram, cc perpetuam eiemol', fecundum quod continetur in carta predeceflbris 
.nortri ad donnus fuse et illic Deo fervientium perpetuam fuftcntaiionem. Con- 
firmanius tiam eis et corroboramus omnes alias poireiTiones et donationes et ele- 
inofinas a quocunque fibi faftas, relaxanteseis qui jam didlis canonicis et ecclcfise fua; 
aliquid bene feccrint 40 dies de injunda fibi penitentia fecundum quod carta venera- 
bilis dni nottri vV. Cantuar' teftatur. Hiis teft', &c. *. ' 

Carta Domini Nigelli Elyenfis epifcopi, 
Nigellus Dei gratia Elyenl' epifcopus omnibus Sand^ Matris ecclefiie filiis et 
fidelibus fjlutem, et Dei benedi6tionem et fuam. Concedimns et confirmamus et 
hac carta noftra cotroboramus «mnes elemofinas •et donacioiies et poffeffiones 
canonicorum Sandi Egidii., a quocunque fibi datas. Nichilominus autem concedimus 
omnibus aliquid bencficii eis impertientibus vel eos et eorum res manutenentibus 
ct confulentiljus partem et fraternitatem omnium benefaftorum et orationum con- 
ventus ecclefice noltrse et noftrarum, et quod majus eft ab omnium bonorum retri- 
butore retribucionem accipiant Si quis vero aliquid poffelTionum vel dignitatum 
vel libertatum fuarum minuere vel funipere prcfutnpferit, divino fubjaceat judicio 
donee penitenciadudtus quod verfus vos delkjuerit emendaverit. Valete S 

Carta Theobaldi Cantuar' archiep'. 
Theobaldus Dei gratia C. arch* totius Anglic primas omnibus fanda ecclefise 
filiis et fidelibus faluterru Noverint tarn prclentes quam futuri quod omnes pof- 
feffiones quas famuli Chrifti canonici regulates Sandi Egidii de Bernwelle jufie et 
canonice pofTident, vel quas io futuris temporibus canonice adipifci potcrunt tam in 
ccclefiis quam in aliis facultatibus decimarum five aliarum rerum feu donacione 
regum, feu largicione principum, feu aliorumcunquc oblacione fidelium, confirma- 
mus eis, et aufloritate et teftimonio litterarum noftrarum ea corroboramus juxta 
quod in privilegio Domini pape Lucii ct in carta venerabilis fratris noftriN. Elyenf '. 
cpifcopi continetur. Precipimus ergo quod libere et quiete et in pace eas tencant ficut 
melias et liberius tempore regis Henrici tenuerunr. Ne cuiquam liceat eos vel fua 
temere perturbare aut aiiquam in vexacionem infcrre '. 

Earl Picot founded his little canonry at St. Giles's church 
in Cambridge, as aforefaid, in the year 1092 ; but Pain Peverel, 
fo often mentioned, tranflated them from thence to Barnwell, 
anno 1 112, after they had continued at Cambridge 20 years. 
Upon this occafion, there was a vaft concourfe both of clergy 
and laity, and of the burghers of Cambrige. Their new ha- 
bitation was much more commodious than their old one % and a 
church of wonderful beauty and folidity was begun in honour 
of St. Giles. 

'f, 4. C. i6. »F.4. C.17. »F. 4. C. 18. ■»?, 4. C. ly. 



But before he had compleated his number of 30 canons, as 
he propofed, or provided a fufficient maintenance for them, he 
died of a fever in London, in the tenth year after the tranflation 
of the canons to BarnweU. He was brought down to Barnwell, 
and buried on the north fide of the great altar in an honourable 
manner '. 

Prior Gerard having obtained the confent of Hervy bifliop of 
Ely, converted fix churches, which were vacant in his time, and 
which he might have taken away, if he would, and he alfo 
gave them, one hyde of land in Brunne out of his own eftate. At 
the fame time, Pain Peverel provided his church of Barnwell with 
many ecclefiaftical garments, and inriched it with very rich orna- 
ments and real reliques, which he had colle6led in his expedition 
to> Antioch with Robert Curthofe, and which had been pre- 
sented to him by the patriarch, king, and nobles of that place. 
He would have given them alfo other neceffary furniture, and 
finillied the reft of the apartments in a very elegant manner, if 
God had fpared his life \ 

His Ion William, who fxicceeded him, confirmed to the 
eanons^ aforefaid all the donations which they had received from 
his father, and moreover he gave them half a hyde of land of 
his own eftate in Brunne by charter. Afterwards going to, and 
dying at Jenifalem, he left no heir. His four filters, daughters of 
Pain Peverel. divided the whole barony between them '. The 
eldeft of thofe firters, Matilda de Doure, died alfo with- 
out an heir, and then the inheritance came to the three fui- 
viving fifterp. One of thefe, whole name was Alicia, was 
wife of Ha?40N Peche the elder, and had by him both foas 
and daughters. Hamon Peche's eldeft fon was named Gilbert 
Peche the firft. The fecond Galfrid Peche. This Galfrid Pcche 

• F. 5. c. 20. ^ F. 5. C. 2x. 

^ See the pedigree, 



gave to the canons the church of Harlftone to find them habits. 
Hamon, the fon of Gilbert Peche aforefaid, took to wife a 
foreigner, whofe name was Eve, v/ho brought him five fons 
and daughters. His eldeft fon Gilbert. Peche was the laft patron 
of Barnwell Priory of that family.. 

Pain Peverell's fecond daughter's name was Roysia. She was 
the mother of Albreda Harecourr, from whom fprang Galfridus, 
Roger, Robert, William, and Richard Truflebut. But thefe all 
dying without iflae, there remained only three fifters, Royfia, 
Hillaria, and Agatha. The fon of Pvoyfia was Robert de Ros 
fenior, and the fon of Robert was William, and thole three, 
William, Hillaria, and Agatha, were joint heirs. 

But the third lifter was named Ascelina de IVatervik, and flie 
had two daughters, Afcelina de Watervile, and Matilda de 
Dive. Of Afcelina fprang Roger de Torpel, and of Matilda was 
born Hugh de Dive '. ^rr 

Gilbert the fon of Hamon Peche caufed his great grandfather 
Hamon Peche, and Alice his wife, to be taken up, and buried 
in one marble tomb, on the north fide of the great altar, at 
the head of the celebrated Pain Peverel. The father of this 
Gilbert was Hamon, and his mother was Eve, a foreigner, as 
aforefaid, and they had fix fons ; Gilbert, Hamon, Hugh, 
Robert, Thomas, and William. Five of them were great and 
powerful knights {milites). But the fixth a clerk, who had 
many churches, and a plentiful income. Their father died in 
the Holy Land, and they brought his body to Barnwell, and buried 
him in the chapel of the bleffed Virgin Mary. His wife was 
buried on his right hand, and his youngeft fon William, a 
beautiful young man, but a moft valiant foldier, died a batchelor, 
and was buried on the left hand of his father. 

' F.5. C. 23. • F. 3. C. 24. 



In the time of prior Jolan, Sir Gilbert Peche drew up a form 
of proceeding in time of a vacancy of the church of Uarnwell, 
to this efffd; ; It was agreed, by the mutual confent of him- 
felf and the canons of Barnwell, that whenfoever it fliould hap- 
pen that the I^iid monaftery fliould be vacant, that one or two 
canons Ihould be appointed to go to him, if he was within the 
kingdom of England, or to his fteward if he was out of it, 
and to declare the vacancy of the faid monailery, and lliould 
fay thus : — " Sir, we come to you as our patron, and declare 
" the vacancy of our houfe to you, and by your good leave we 
" will proceed to our election." And when they had thus aflced 
leave, they might freely proceed to election, whether they had 
leave or no; provided that, after the ele6lion, they prefcnted the 
perfon elefted to him, and his heirs, as patron, and required his 
confent. And in order to prevent any wafte or defbrudion of 
what belonged to the monaftery during the time of vacancy, he 
bound himfelf and his fucceflbrs to keep but one fervant and one 
horfe, with a boy, who fliould only keep pofteffion as an ac- 
knowledgement of his right of patronage, but do no damage, 
either by taking away, felling, giving away, or changing any 
of the goods belonging to the monaftery. That this fervant 
fliall only be admitted, together with the officers of the houfe, 
to keep things fafe till they were provided with another prior. 
And he eftabliflied this as a ftanding form, and gave this liberty 
(as he expreffes i*:), becaufe he was not willing that any of his 
heirs or fucceiTors fliould do any prejudice to the monaftery. The 
agreement and conceffion was interchangeably figned and fealed 
at Barnwell, anno 1256, the firft Sunday in Advent'. The 
witnefles were Reginald de Gefringhale, chancellor of Cam- 
bridge, Stephen de Wotton, Robert de Rothing, 8cc. This was 
afterwards confirmed by the king at Weftminfter, May la *. 

' F. 16. C. 26. ' Dugd. Mon. Ang. IL 32, 33. 

D This 


This Sir Gilbert Peche had two wives ; the firft was Matilda 
de Hurtings, a lady vei-y eminent, elpecially for her excellent 
accoi-n})liihments of mind; flie left fons and daughters, and died 
at London, and her body was buried in the church of the canons 
of St. Mary Overey (idtra aquamj^ becaufe it could not be 
fafely and honourably brought down to Barnwell (as flie dcfired), 
by reafon of the diifurbance that was then in England. Bur, 
however, her heart was brought down, in plumbeo locello, and 
buried before the high altar near her children ; at which time, 
Sir- Gilbert gave to the church of Barnwell, for the good of the 
foul of his departed wife, lod. of yearly rent in Chavele. After 
this, he married Johanna, the daughter of Sir Symon de Grey. 
He loved and honoured this lady exceedingly, becaufe flie was 
not only extraordinary beautiful, but alfo very good. By her 
he had both fons and daughters, and he loved her children, 
for their mother's fake, better than he did thofe of his firft wife, 
as plainly appeared by his behaviour towards them. For he 
made a good fettlement upon his fecond wife and her children, 
to them and their heirs for ever ; but he left John and Edward, 
his Ions by his firft wife, in a manner without maintenance;^ 
for what reafon was never known ; and he made king Edward, 
Ion ot Henry and Eleanor his queen, heirs of the remainder of 
liis barony '. 

Amongft other things, he gave to tliis houfe the perpetual ad- 
vowlon of the church of St. George in Barnwell. This was 
done anno Domini 1284, anno regni Edward I. 12. Upon 
this, the prior was called to Weftminfter by a royal writ, to 
declare before the juftices of the King's Bench by what fervices 
lie held the priory of Barnwell from the aforefaid Sir Gilbert 
Peche '. Mafter Symon de Afchele was then in the 1 Cth year of 
his priorfhip. He went before the king's juftices (of whom there 

' F. 16. C. 27. ^ F. 6. C. 28. 



were feveral at Cambridge at that time) ; and being afked by what 
lervice he held the priory of Barnwell of Sir Gilbert Feche, he 
anfwered truely, that he held it in liberam^ puram, et perpetimm 
elemofinamy and that he was not bound to him at all upon that 
account, but only to pray for him ; excepting that, in the vacancy 
of the church, they were to let him know, as true patron, and 
defire his leave for ele6lion, according to the agreement above. 
Upon which they appointed the ocStaves of Trinity for him to 
fliew the inftrument of agreement to the jufl:ices of the King's 
Bench at Weflminfter. But he, willing to fave the trouble and 
expence, alledged his own imbecillity, and did fealty to the king 
and queen there, for holding the priory of Barnwell of them for 
the future, according to the form of the inrtrument of agree- 
ment before-mentioned. He alfo there appointed one of his 
canons as his attorney to fliew the faid inftrument at the time 
and place appointed; and alfo to make acknowledgement as afore- 
faid. Accordingly the canon appeared as the prior's attorney, and 
made the acknowledgement, and had it inrolled. The juftices 
prefent on the King's Bench were John de Kyrkebi, at that time 
treafurer to the king; John de Berewyck, the queen's clerk '. The 
inrollment of this acknowledgement, 8cc. may be found among 
the proceedings de ^indena 'Trinitatis apud Wejbn"^ in banco anno 
rezn' rens Edw' Fitz Hen' i i?7io. '^ 

After this, prior Symon conlidering they were now in other 
hands, where they fliouid not be fo much at liberty to fpeak 
for themfelves as when they had a private patron, and fearing 
left the king's efcheators fliould come at the time of a vacancy, 
and do damage to their church, he wifely and prudently applied 
himfelf to Sir Robert Burnel, who was then chancellor to the 
king, made Inm his friend, and by his means obtained letters 

' F. 17. C. 29. " F. 17. 30. 

D 1 patents 


patents under the broad feal from the king, to confirm the pri- 
vilege which Sir Gilbert Peche had given them in his inftru- 
ment of agreement fo often mentioned. Thefe letters patents 
bear telle at Wclfminller, May 12, in the 13th year of the reign 
of Edward 1. ' 

As foon as the king was poffeiTed of this advowfon, thcfe 
whofe bufinefs it w'as began to enquire into the value of it, as 
appears by a writ to this purpofe. 

W. Karleton diledlo amico fuo vie' Cant' & Huntedon, falut'. Fx parte domini 
regis vobis mando, quod venire fccias coram n^e, hoc inltanti die Veneris, in ieptimana 
I'alch', apudCant', xii militcs gladio cinctos, cum aliis pioblt, & legalibus hcminibus 
ad vilam de Bcrnewelle, ad taxand' quid et quantum advocatio ecclefie de Ecrnewelle 
valeai per ann'. Et habeatis ibi breve domini regis, una cum nominibus extentorum, 
et iioc breve. Valete. 

Upon which day, the king's charter, by which he confirmed 
Sir Gilbert Peche's charter concerning the advowfon and the time 
of a vacancy, was pubhckly read before all that were prefent. 
Upon which they proceeded no further, only they tranfcribed 
that charter, and carried it with them to court '. 

There was a very great contefl for the kingdom between Henry 
the Firrt and his brother Robert Curthofe ; for many v/ould 
have expelled Henry, and let up Robert ^ 

I conjecSture, tliat it might be upon this occafion, that Robert 
the fon of earl Picot was concerned in the treafon for wliich 
he forfeited his barony. I am tlie more perluaded of this, be- 
caufe immediately after, on account of the conteff, and the peace 
concluded, this book adds, Rex contulit e^regio rriiliti P. Veverelo 
baroniani qncnn Pycotus 'vicecomcs temtit ■*. 

King Jolm gave to the convent of Barnwell 1 ol. of fllver in 
frank almoigne {elejnop); and in the firft year of his reign he alio 
gave them the manor of Cheltertone,in fee farm (adfeod''Jirmam)y 

' F. 17. 32. ' F. 17. 32. 













and 30]. fterling of filver (blanch) per ann. upon condition that 
he might be dilcharged from the payment of the lol. aforefaid '. 

His fon king Henry II. confirmed the grant which his father 
had given them of Cheilerton \ Edward, the king's eldeft fon, 
befieged the ifle of Ely and the troops therein. They agreed to 
give him admiffion on promife of faving their Uves, limbs, and 
property, and fo peace was reftored ^ 

In the 27 th year of king Edward the Firft, the prior of Barn- 
well was fummoned before the king's juftices itinerant at Cam- 
bridge, to anfwer to a quo war'ranto how he came to have the 
view of frank pledge and allize in Chefterton, and an annual 
fair in Barnwell. As to the firft of thefe, he produced the 
charter of king John, the prefent king's grandfather, which 
teltified that Chelterton was of the ancient demefnes of the 
king, and given them by king John, with all its appurtenances, 
liberties, and immunities in fee farm, for 30I. blanch, per ann'", 
and as to the fair of Barnw^ell, he alledged that king Henry 
had by charter granted them this fair for four days, &:c. Upon 
which the prior was dilmiffed, faho jure regis % 8cc. 

In Domefday-book, Cheftertone is thus inrolled: 

Cestretose dnica iiilla regis. ^ xxx.liid fe defd.Tra 
c . XVI .car . In diiio fu-T .111.7 ix . adhuc pols fieri . Ibi . 11. 

V _ "j ^ . '7 'I 

uiffi 7 XVI . bord 7 vi .cot cu . iiii .car . Pbr ht .1 .uirg tree 

Ptu . viii . car . De marefch • milk anguitt . Redd xv , lib 

arfas 7 penlatas . 7 xiii . lib 7 viii . lot 7 nil . den dc alb nnmis.. 

^ melle fruinto 7 brafio. 7 alijs cfuerudinib T.R.E . redd 

XV. lib ad numer. 7 ctra hoc cfuetudine qtu 

' In the Life of king John, F. 20. C. 39. 

" Vit£ fl. H. F. 20. C. 40. 

^ Vita H. 11. F. 20. C. 40. 

* Rot. 30. An. Ociub. Hillar. anno regni R. E. fitz H. 27. Additions fol. 21. 



'•' Sayerus de Quinci comes Winton' dedic ecctse de Bernewell x libras tcrrse et prati, 
et 4 lokomannos, ec novem di virgatas <xvrx quas confuetudinarii ejus tcnuerunr, 
cum tota fequela, ec confuerudinibus, £cc. Kt prarCcrca v cotar' cum fequela, et oviie 
Ijberum per bonam chartam, et bonam warr'. Quaj)pter fi rex auferet inanerium 
de Cedertone idem comes et heredes ejus tenerentur ad warantiam. Refpice carcam 
que b^naell; etconnrmationem et war' Rogeri deQuincii, fil' ejus, comitis Wynton', 
ct contiabularii Scoci^e '. 

King John's Charter. 

Johannes, Dei gratia, rex Anglite, dns Hybernice, dux Normannije et Aquitan', et 
comes And, archicpis, epis, abbibus, comitibus, baronibus, julticiariis^ viceconit', et 
omnibus bailtis et fidelibus fuis, falutem. Sciatis nos coi.ccfliire, ct prefenti carta 
noftra confirmafTe, priori et canonicis de Bernewell, quod tcneanc de nobis et hercdibus 
noftris in perpetuum villam de Cefletone, cum pertiacntiis luis, ad teod' hrmam pro 
trijinta libr' Iterlingorum bl mcorum annuatim reddend' ;!d Icacc' ad duos anni ter- 
minos, fcilicet ad felUim StiMichaelis quindecim libr', et ad Pafcha quindecim libr'j 
ita quod nos quieti fumus de x libris argenti de elemofina noftra quamvis annuatim 
lolvere debemus. Quare volumus et firmiter precipimus quod predifli prior et ca- 
nonic! habeant et teneant predi(flam villam de Ccilertone bene et in pace, libere, 
et quiete, integre, plenarie, et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis con- 
fuetudinibus fuis, ficut predictum efl:. TelV, &c. Dat' per manus S. Archidiacorr' 
Wall' et J. de Gray Archidiacon' Glovvceft', apud Porceftr', 27° die Aprilis, regni 
noftri anno prime ". 

They had alfo two charters of confirmation from king Henry 
the fon of king John, and alfo one from king Edward I. his 
fon, which was to the fame effecft with thofe of his father, and 
was as follows : 

The charter of confirmation of the fee farm of Cheftertone 

from king Edward I. 

Edwardus, Del gratia, &c. Inipeximus cartam conceffionis et confirmaiionis quam 
dns H. quondam rex Anglic pacer nofter fecit priori et canonicis de B. in hsec 
verba : " Henricus, Dei gratia, rex Angl', diis Hybernije, dux Normannis et Acqui- 
taniiB, et comes Andeg', arcliiepis, epis, abbatibus, comitibus, baronibus, jufti- 
ciariis, vicecomit', et omnibus ballivis et fidelibus fuis, lalucem. Sciatis nos con- 
ceffifle, et prclenti carta noftra confirmalTe, priori et canonicis de B. quod villam de 
Ceftertone cum pertincnciis fuis, quam dns J. rex pater nofler eis concefl'erat et carta 
fua confirmavit de feodi firma pro xxx libr' fterlingorum blancorum annuaim 
reddend ad I'cacc' noftrum, habeant et teneant de cetero de nobis et heredibus 
noftris ad fcodi firmam pro triginta una libris numero hujus modo reddend' ad 
fcacc' noftrum ad duos terminos, fcilicet ad Pafcha quindecim libras, ct x s. ad 

* r. 26, Lib. II. c. 2. » Lib. II. F. 26. cap. 3. 



fefium Sii Mich' xvl. xs. Ita quod nos et heredes noflri per banc conceffionem 
noftram eis faftam quieti erimus in perpetuuni de x 11. argenti quas prsfatus pater 
nofter ct rex ). ante conceffionem et confirmationem fuam eis faftam de predidto 
manerio de Ceftertone, ficut prediftiim elt, eis concefferat annuatim de elemofina lua 
percipiend'. Conceliimus ctiam, pro nobis et heredibus noftris,qiiod manerium predidl' 
de Ccltertone in perprtuum lit quietum de vifu franki plegii. Quare volumus et 
firmiter precipimus, quod predift' prior et canonici habeant ec teneant predidl' 
villam de Cellertone bene et in pace, libere, et quiete, infegre, plenarie, ct hono- 
rifice cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis confuetudinibus quietam in perpetuum de 
vifu franki plegii, ficut prediftum eft. Hiis teftibus, See. Dai' per manum venerabilis 
patris Ricard' Ciceftr' epi et cancellar'noftri, 131110 die Mail, anno regni noflri i3mo." 
Nos autem conccflioncm et confirmationem predict' ratam habentes et gratas eas 
pro nobis et heredibus noflris predidis priori tt canonicis et fuccelforibus fuis con- 
ccdimus ec confirmamus, ficut carta predidl' rationabiiicer, teflatur. Hiis teftibus, 
&c> Dat. per mjnum nollram apud Weflm', i2mo die Junii, anno regni noftri 
ijmo. ' 

The Charter of Edward II. 

Edwardus, Dei gratia, rex Angl', dns Hybcrn', et dux Aquitan', archpis, epis, 
abbatibus, pnoiibus, comitibus, baronibus, juilic' vicec', prcpofitis, miniftris, et 
omnibus ballivis et fidelibus liiis, falutem. Infpeximus cartam ccnfirmacionis 
quam Celebris memoris dns Edw' quondam rex Angl' pater nofter fecit priori et ca- 
nonicis de Bernwelle, in hszc verba; " Edwardus, Dei gratia, rexAnglia?, dnsHybern', 
et dux Aquit', archpis, epis, abbatibus, prioribus, comitibus, baronibus, juftici 
ariis, vicec', prepofitis, miniftris, et omnibus baltis et fid'bus fuis, falutem. Infpeximus 
cartam conceffionis ec ccnfirmacionis, Sec. ut fupra, &c." Nos autem conceffionem 
et confirmationem prediftas ratas habentes et gratas eas pro nobis et heredibus 
noflris, quantum in nobis ett, predidis priori et canonicis et fuccefToribus fuis, con- 
cedimus, et confirmamus, ficut carta prcdida rationabiiicer teflatur. Hiis teftibus, 
&c. Dat' per manum noflram, apud Weflm', 3tio die Dec', anno regni noflri 2do. 

The Charter of King Edward II. whereby the Prior and 
Convent of Bern well are freed from tallages for all their 
ettate in Cambridge. 

Edwardus, Dei gr-tia rex Angl', diis Hybern', dux Aquit', thefauro et baronibus 
fuis de fcaccario falutem. Ex parte diiedti nobis in Chrillo prioris de Bernwell 
nobis eft oileni', quod cum ipfe omnes terras, tenemenca, et reddit'fua, cum perti- 
nenciis, in villa Cantab', ir, com' Cantab', teneat de nobis in puram et perpetuam 
cleniofinam et ipfe ec predeccffores fui priorcs loci ilfius terras et tenemenca et red- 
dicus predidta ab anno diii jolis quondam regis Angl' proavi noflri quiuquageffimo 
quarto; quo anno quoddam talliagiun:! fuper terras, tenementa, et redditus prioris 
tjufdem loci p affeflores tallagii didi proavi noflri in eodem comic' afleifum allo- 

' L. II. F. 26. C. 5. 



catum fult priori ejufdem loci p breve ejufdem proavi noflii, in quo continentur 
quod idem prior et predcceiTorcs fui ex tunc efient quieti de tallagio, et quieti efib 
deberunt, per confiderationem curire ejufdem proavi nollri de tail.igio quieta tenu- 
erint. Vos iiichilominus ipkim priorem, pro co quod aftflbres tallagii in civitatibus, 
burgis ec diiiis noflris in comit' prcdido de annis regni dni Edwardi quondam regis 
Anglia; avi noftri 32do, et diii Edwardi nuper regis Anglic piatris noftri 6to, tal- 
lagium fup ipfum prior' in ead' villa proinde afildcrunt pro prediiSto tallagio nobis 
prjeftando p vie' noftrum comit' predidi diftringi facitis, in iplius prioris difpendium 
non modicum et gravamen ; ct quia eid' priori injiiriari nolimus in hac parte, vobis 
mandamus, quod, fcrutatis rosulis ct memorandis fcaccarii prcdidti, fi p int'pudtion' 
eorundem vobis conftiterit prediftum tallag' difto anno 54°° luper priorem loci 
predifti aneflum rite allocatum fuifTe, et p inquilltionem per vos capiend' vel alio mode 
Jegitimo vobis conftare poterit iplum priorem leu predecefTores luos priores loci pre- 
difti nullas terras, tenementa, feu rcdditus, a predidro anno 54 perciuifTifie, nee diCtis 
anno 32 et 36 habuiffe alia quam eodem anno 54 habuerunt, ct alia caula non 
fuerit quare idem prior de hujufmodi tallagio onerari debet, tunc prefatum priorem 
de tallagio predifto de tempore predidtorum avi et patris nodrorum, prout jullum 
fuit, exonerari et quietum efle facimus. Tefte me iplo, apud Haveringe atie bouie, 
i_5 die Odlob', anno regni noftri ymo. 

The chancellor of Cambridge claimed a jurifdiflion over the 
prior de Bernwell and his canons, and caufed one of the canons 
to be cited % peremptorily to anfwer to a certain fcholar ; but the 
canon refufed to appear, and therefore he fufpendcd him ab in- 
grejfu eccPa, for contempt,and caufed him the next day to be ex- 
communicated by his commiffary ; and then decreed that the 
prior fliould be cited : but the prior not appearing upon the ci- 
tation, was alfo excommunicated ; which when prior Symon 
heard, he wondered at their folly ; but, however, fent his clerk, 
mafter II. de Mebree, and appealed to the confill:orial court of 
the archdeacon's office in St. Mary's church ; and he delivered in 
his appeal in writing, and fpeedily the prior obtained an in» 
hibition from the official of the biffiop of Ely, who appointed 
the parties a day to appear before him in All Saints church, juxta 
hofpif Cant\ on which day they came ; and after much alter- 
cation, the official abfolved the prior and his canon, they giving 

' 1294. 




ifecurity till the coming of the bifliop, and faid to the chan- 
cellor and fcholars, &c, 

Mr. Chancellor, All the jurifdidtion which you have, you have by favour of my 
bilhop, who gave you the juril'diftion over the clergy ; but the archdeacon has 
jurifdiftion over the reiftors and vicars, Jkc. Unutn tantum Jibimet refervavit^ /"^'> 
viroi. Non igitur aufcratis d'no mco quad fuum efl ft placet '. 

Robert de Hard wye held an eftate of the king by ferjeantry, 
by which he was obliged to carry the king a hot loaf \unum Jynii- 
nellum caliduin] every day for his dinner ; and for this fervice he 
ought to have a quarter of wheat every week, with all the bran 
out of the king's demefnes for making the king's bread. But this 
ferjeantry being alienated by parcels, the prior and convent of 
Barnwell came to be poffeif of 121 acres, which are valued 
at fixty fliillings and fix pence pi3r ann\ And the king de 
g'ra Jua fpeciali granted to them that they may hold the 
fame of him and his heirs for half a mark per ann. pro omni 
Jerv\ and gave them, &c. 

HenriC, Dei gratia, rex Angl', &c. dilcdo et fideli fuo Rob' Paffelewe et fociis 
iuis juflic' ad fines lerjanc' aflignatis, falutem. Sciatis quod concelTimus priori de 
Bernwelle, quod illas 121 acras terra: quas tenet de ferjanc' de Cumberton' de cetero 
teneat eafd' de nobis pro J m. folrend' ad fccum nrm in ferto Sanfti Mich', et idcirco 
vobis mandamus quod fic fieri et ipfum priorem pcdm tcrminum habere permittatis. 
T. meiplo apud Weftm', 28 Apr', anno regni nollri j'^. 

1257. They bound their eftate at Wygehale to pay the 10 
marks a year to the chaplains of the univerfity for ever. 

In the civil wars between king Henry and his barons, Symon 
de Montefort, earl of Leicei^er, endeavoured to get into the Ifle 
of Ely with his army ; .therefore the king ordered the bilhop of 
Ely to defend the lile againft him, and to fortify [parreras facere] 
feveral places of the ifle againlt them, and to keep a continual 
guard at the fortified places. But the barons, knowing that the 
ifle was well fortified, and a convenient retreat, confulted how 
they might get into it. And that indeed they did very cautioufly, 

' See Bentham's Hift. of Ely, p. 152. 

E and 

i6l the history and ANTl QJJ I T 1 E S 

and by degrees. But having once got footing there, they 
began to Ihcw their power. They lent their emiflaries out 
every day to leek for phinder, and did a great deal of mil- 
chief both far and near in all the villages round about them. 
They would take the rich, and put them in irons, and keep- 
them prilbners till fuch time as they were ranfomed. Sheep 
and oxen, corn, or malt ^^braficP^ or whatever they could fefc 
upon, they would take away with them into the iile. One day^ 
a rafcally fellow^ one of their gang, coming out of the ifle, with, 
an intent to do mifchief according to their cuitom, was let upon,, 
and taken by fome countrymen, who Immediately ifruck off 
his head; and upon this, a large party of fokliers went out, 
and let fire to feveral places. At laft, they came to the prior's 
manor at Brunne, and fet it on fire, and burnt the prior's 
barn, with all the corn which was there, and all the men. of the 
village fled, fo that there was not one left to afiili in extlnguilli- 
ing the flames. They came every day to the priory of Barnwell, 
and would eat and drink, and made lad delfrvi6fion, and did 
juft what they pleafed. It hapj^cned one day, that a certain 
fellow of a prodigious ftature, called Philip le Champion, came 
and pulled the prior out of bed as foon as it was light, and told 
him, '' that he muft have all his corn \bladum\ and malt \brafia\, 
" and all his provifion \lardarium~^^ for the ufe of his mailer; 
*' therefore," fays he, '* give me the keys^" The prior told him, 
" that if he took away all, it would be innpoflible for them to live." 
But in the mean time came in tw^o others, who were of the 
family of R. de Hewbrqok, who was the prior's fiiend ; and 
they told Philip, " that all the goods of that houfe was already 
" feizcd for the ufe of their ninlfer; and wilt thou carry them 
*' away?" fay they. "• I will," fays Philip furioully. The others 
fvvore he fliould not. Upon which, they all drew their fwords» 
but were kept from fighting there by thoie that flood by. 



They went away in a great rage, to determine the queftion btfor^ 
their mafter in the ille. But, however, they carried away 
nothing at that time '. 

The king, hearing that the iflanders did much mifchief round 
about, came with a great army to the town of Cambridge, and 
quartered there. But the king of Alemaine, that is, Richard, 
the king's brother, quartered in the priory of Barnwell. The 
king caufed gates to be fet up, and trenches to be made round 
the town, with the utmoit expedition. The king's men went 
out every day towards the Ille, to try to catch any of the 
iflanders. Several of tlie illanders went out one day, trufting 
to their own courage, and began to do mifchief, as they 
ufed to do in the village of Horningefeye, in contempt of 
the king ; but the king's men took four of them, the reft 
fled to their boats \_naves'\. Three of them had their heads 
chopt off. The fourth was Walter de Cotenham, who had 
been made a knight ia the ille, and him they hanged upon a 
gibbet. And from that day the inhabitants of the country 
were more fecure as long as the king llayed there. But in a little 
time news came that the earl of Gloucefter had taken London : 
the king immediately hallened thither with his whole army, and 
left Cambridge to fliift for itfelf without a garrifon ; which as 
loon as the iflanders knew, they came with a great party of 
foldiers to Cambridge, and burnt the gates which the king had 
fet up ; and they alfo plundered and burnt all the houfes 
where the king had been entertained, and did a great deal 
of other mifchief. As for the burghers of Cambridge, they 
all fled as loon as they heard of their coming; fo that there 
was noV)ody left to oppofe them. The foldiers, in their return 
by the priory of Barnwell, debated among themfelves at the 

' L. III. F. 45. C. 33. 

E a - wind- 


windmill, whether they fliould burn down all the priory, bnt 
efpecially the hall [au/am'], where the king of Almain had 
been quartered. This debate latted near two hours ; but Sir 
Hugh Peche, and his brother Robert, oppofcd it, and faid, 
*' that they would fconer die than fufFer the bones of their father 
" and anceltors to be burnt;" and by their means the houfe was 
faved, contrary to the defire of a great many of their com- 
pany. But, as they went by the gates of the priory, fome 
of the moft angry of them heavily, threatened the prior John, 
faying, *' that it was through him that Sir Walter de Cotenham 
*' was put to death." This fo very much terrified the prior, that 
lie fied to the abbey of Waltham, and the canons that were, 
left behind lived in continual fear and danger '. 

But this ftorm blew over in a little time ; for as loon as the 
earl of Leicefter was killed at the battle of EveQiam, the king, 
befieged his caftle of Kenilworth, and had it delivered up to him 
upon conditions. And at the fame time, prince Edward, the 
king's eldeft fon, came into the llle of Ely with an army. But 
he managed matters fo prudently, that he had it wholly delivered. 
lip to him upon certain conditions % He behaved himfelf 
indeed in a very handfome and courteous manner towards the 
iflanders, and fo a peace was concluded. But though the people 
were by this means freed from the burthen and miferies of an 
army, the ecclefiaftics were very much oppreffed by the procu- 
rations paid to the legate, whom the pope fent to mediate a peace;, 
and a tenth was given to the king, and alfo to the pope, for 
feveral years fucceffively, and after that, 2oths, 30ths, and I5ths,. 
by way of procurations to other fuccceding legates, and in aid 
of the Holv Land. This was the condition of all ecclefi- 
aftics throughout the nation. But as for the priory of Barn- 

' L. III. F. K. C. 23. * See before, p. 21. 

3 well, 


well, that was more remarkably harraffed by William de St. 
Omer, who was the king's jufticiary to enquire concerning 
the illanders. He took up his refidence in the houfes of the 
priory for a whole year, with a great family, and alfo his 
wife, who would fometimes have twenty-two women. And 
although the prior had all this great charge, and much damage 
done him by and upon account of him and his wife and family^ 
yet he was very ungrateful to the prior, for at the end of his 
commiffion, he fined the prior 403^ for fome mifdemeanor, and 
would not remit it. The prior afterwards put it upon a fair 
trial, and was acquitted without being beholden to the juftice. 

In the 56th year of Henry the Third, there was a trial before 
the judges itinerant at Cambridge, between the prior of Barn- 
well and the prior of .Chikefaund, concerning the power of 
holding a court at Rois's crofs [apud crucem Roys '], which court 
the earl of Glouceiler demanded for the land which he had given 
to the prior of Barnwell in Pynecote. But this matter was fettled, 
by the prior of Barnewell giving the prior of Chikefaund five 
marks, and there was a writing made between them to end all dif- 
putes for the future. 

Mention is made of 4s. yearly rent of a certain houfe in 
Barnwell parifli to be paid to the nuns of St. Radegund, 
I Edward I. 

4 Edward I. the king's officers came to Cambridge, to 
take a general and particular account both of rich and poor, 
and of every perfon, what and how much every one held, 
and of whom, and by what fervice, and how long they had it, 
with a great many other articles. At which time, the envious 
and malicious took the opportunity to do as much mifchief to 
their neighbours as they could. At the fame time alfo, feveral 
of the inhabitants of Cambridge all^dged, that they had ufed,. 

, « Roy Ron, 



and ought by right to have, a drift for their cattle ' between the 
bakehoufe of the prior and canons and the river, viz. from 
Greencroft to the pafture of Eftenhall, and back again, and that the 
prior had fet up hedges, and made ditches to ftop the drift, only 
by the negligence and confent of Hervey Cogging, who after- 
wards made himfeif a canon ; and that the burghers of Cam- 
bridge winked at it, out of refpe<5t to the faid Hervey. Nay, 
what was more, there was a great wall built in their way. But, 
iipon the canons producing the charter of Pain Peverel ', the 
whole matter dropt. 

One of the multitude however, faid, " I fancy you have no 
*' more regard for that good man, who gave you fo many 
*' churches and fo much land, than you have for another, and 
*' never think of him hut upon fuch occafions as thele." To 
which one of the canons replied, " No, we can never forget him, 
" for he fits every day at our table next the prior, and hath his 
^' portion both out of the cellar and kitchen.^' And indeed this is 
fo far true, that the portion of Pain Peverel is daily fet before the 
prelident in the refedfory, and will be fet there for ever \ 

The Charter for the Fair at Barnwell. 

Heniicus, Dei gratis, rex Anglic, Sec. archiepis, epis, abbatibus, prioribus, con- 
•ventibus, baronibus, jalticiariis, prspofuis, miniftris, et omnibus bdUivis et fide- 
libus fuis, lalutem. Sciatis nos, intuitu JJei, pro falute animc et animarum 
anceftorum ct lieredum noftrum, concefTiflc, et hac carta iiollra confirmafTe, Deoet 
■ecclelLc beuti Egidii de Barnwell, et priori et canonicis ibid' Deo tervientibus, quod 
ipfi et fuccelTores eorucn habeant in perperuum unain teriam apud Barnwell, fingulis 
antiis prr iv dies duraturam, videlicet, in vigil' et in die Sanfte Ethcldrede ' virg' 
in eihaie et per dies duos proximos lequentes, nili tcria ilia lit ad nocutnentum vici- 
•narum feriarum. Quare volumus et firmiter precipimus quod predi(fli prior ec 
■can', et eorum foccelibres habeant in perpetuum feriam predict', cum omnibus perti- 
jienciis, ct libertatibus, et liberis confuetud' ad hujuimodi feriam pertinentibus, ficut 

■' v;de Charer. » L. III. F. 49. c. y,. 

' St. EthJred'* day ia ihe next day betore JMidUinuner-day. 



predift* eft. Hiis teflibus, J. Bathon', Richard' Dunhoim', &c. Dat' per rnanum 
venerabilis patris R. CyceRr' epi, cancellarii noQri, apud Weflm', anno lej^ni 
noftri tertio cieciino '. 

Upon obtaining this charter, the burghers of Cambridge were 
uneafy for fear it fhould be to their prejudice, upon account of 
fome privileges which the prior and convent of Barnwell claimeci 
as belonging to their fair. However, at laft, they came to an 
agreement in a friendly manner before the itinerant jultices, 
which were then at Huntington, and had it enrolled in their 
rolls in the year lo.zi,. regm r. Heii Jil' Johannis 16, pridie nonas 
OHobris feria quarta.. And afterwards, for their greater fecurity, 
had it again enrolled in the KingVbench, m crajlino atiimarum, 
anno d'ni regis 17, apud London\ The agreement was to this 
effedl; that the burghers of Cambridge fliould fuffer the prior 
and convent to hold their fair freely, peaceably, and quietly, 
cum pertinentiis, according to their charter ; Jdlvo tamen d'cis 
burgens\ quod qui'eti fint in feria predi&a de thelonio, et Jlallagio^ 
et botagio ; an-d for this conceflion the prior and convent are to 
pay to the burghers half a mark per ann'' in recompence of all 
damages which may come to the faid burghers upon account 
of the faid fair \ 

But afterwards, in the 27th year of Edward tlie Firft, there 
arofe a dif[)ute between the prior and convent, and the mayor 
of Cambridge, upon account of the goods of a felon, who ran 
away, and left them in the fair. The prior's bailiff feized thofe 
goods, and carried them into the convent. But Robert Tuylcr,, 
then mayor of Cambridge, demanded them, as of right belonging 
to him as mayor, and and this matter was carried before the barons 
of the exchequer by the mayor. But, by the mediation of. 
friends, it was fettled without a trial ; and there were articles 
of agreement drawn up between them, which were in fub-- 

' L. II. F. 37. C. 27. » L. II. F. 31. C. 28. 



fiance, That the prior and convent fliould fuffer all that lived 
wirhin the town or liberties of Cambridge, who, according to 
the cultom of the faid town, omnia in eade?n villa emergencia 
fujUnent et Jujlinerc tenentur^ ut in vigil\ taUiag\ Jcottag\ feBis^ 
et aliis contributtonibus^ according to what the burghers of the 
laid town do, to be free in the fair of the prior and convent 
aforefaid of ftallage, bothage, and toll. And that the goods 
of theives, fugitives, and cut-purfes, if any fuch are hereafter 
taken or found in the faid fair by the prior or his bailiffs, 
lliali be immediately delivered to the bailiffs of Cambridge ; 
and that the burghers of Cambridge fliall indemnify the 
faid prior and convent againft all perfons for their fo doing. 
And the burghers agree, that all that live in the town and liberties 
of Cambridge, and do not bear, or are obliged to bear, the 
duties, or perform the fervices above-mentioned, fhall be as 
much obliged to the cuftoms of the fair, as thofe that come 
from any other place '. 

The prior of Barnwell liad a wood in Brunne, joining upon the 
way called Arming-ftreet, and it happened that on feria quarta 
ante diem Pafchcc- there came two noted rich merchants from 
about Stamford, and three ftrangers wth them. They drank 
together at Caxton, and went on, and when they came under 
the prior's wood in Arming-ftreet way (it v/as after fun-fet, about 
fuch time as they went to church to perform that fervice which 
in thofe times was called 'fenebrce) the ftrangers fet upon the two 
tradefraen, knocked them off their horfes, killed, and robbed 
them. The cries of the tradefmen were heard in Stow church ; 
but the robbers, having got all they had, came the fame night to 
Royiton \ad villam de Cruce Roys']; and being aflved how they came 
fo wounded, and what made their cloaths io bloody, they fiid, 

L. II. F. 3 1. C, 32. 

" thai: 


** that they had hke to have been killed by thieves, and that they 
" efcaped their hands with much difficulty." But the next morn- 
ing, the men were found dead, and it was immediately reported 
every where, that the prior's carpenters, whom he had fent thither 
to ffeU his wood* and who lay there in a hut night and day, had 
killed them. But when the coroner's inqueft came to fit on the 
bodies, they acquittc?d the mafter carpenter, whofe name was Peter 
de Burg, becaule it v/as proved that he was at Brunne church at 
the time wh-en the murder was committed. 

The report of this murder coming to king Edward, and alfo 
how and where they were killed, he fent out an edi6l through- 
out all England, commanding all the woods through which the 
common road lies, on both fides the king's highway, for the 
breadth of 60 feet, to be cut down ; and there was a time fixed 
for the owners of the woods to do it in, under a heavy penalty. 
When the prior of Barnwell heard of this, he caufed all the 
trees ftanding upon the banks of the ditches to be felled, and 
the ditches to be filled and leveled, and all the under%vood to be 
flubbed up to the breadth of 60 feet, for fear of falling into 
the king's hands. And Wilham Baldwyn did the fame by his 
wood of Stow, oppafite to it, and fo made the pafTage there 
more fafe than before. 

The brethren of tire order of St. Mary of Carmel having 
pitched upon a place in St. John's parifli in Cambridge, to build 
tliemfelves an houfe, the prior and convent of Barnwell, recSlors of 
the laid church of St. John, and Symon the vicar of the fame, op- 
pofed their building there, becaufe by that means they would in- 
clofe and make ufelefs a great many houfes which were wont to be 
inhabited by the parilhioners, who paid real and perfonal tithes 
and oblations to the faid church, and of w^hich they fhould be 
deprived by reafon of the Carmelites building there. For the 
Carmelites alTerted, that they were exempt from payment of 
tithes and oblations by a grant from the apoftolic fee. Upon 

F which 


which controverfy, both parties agreed to refer the matter to the: 
archdeacon of Ely and the officiaL And they, after having 
heard bath lides, determined that the CarmeUtes fliould pay to 
the prior and convent of Barnwell 1j\s,. per arm. in recompence 
for all damages which the faid redors and their vicar fliouId' 
fuitain by their building there. 

The ground which the Carmelites had inclofed at the date of 
this agreement extended in length from the king's highway to 
the great water-courfe, and in breadth from the land formerly 
John Alured's to the adjoining lane which leads to the water- 
courfe '. 

Now, as the dwelling of the Carmelites in that parifh would 
be to the detriment and prejudice of the vicar, and lelTen the 
income of his vicarage, therefore the prior and convent of Barn- 
well agreed that he fliould be abated this 14s. out of a penfion 
of 20s. which he iifed to pay them yearly, and that now he 
fliould only pay 6s. for the future. After this agreement, John 
Porthors, burgefs of Cambridge, for eafing the Carmelites, 
gave to the prior and convent of Barnwell a mark/)^/ ami. rent, 
to be received out of houfes in Cambridge which were annexed 
ta the archdeaconry of Ely, and the king's licence was obtained 
for the appropriation of the faid rent. And as for the re- 
maining 8d. the prior and brethren of the Carmelites gave the 
prior and convent of Barnwell full and fufficient fatisfaclion. This 
agreement was made at Cambridge, and bears date anno 1 294, 1 2 
kal. January, and was afterwards confirmed and eltabliflied 
by the pontifical authority at Ditton, 4 idiis February, 1294,. 
under the penalty of the greater excommunication to any one 
ihat fliould prefume to break any part of it '. 

' Tenementum autem qnod predidli fres de Caim' ufque ad tempus confedlionig- 
prefentium inclulerunt le extendit in longitudine a Itrata regia ufque ad magnatn 
aquam currentem, et in iatitudine a terra ^quas fuit quondam Joliis Aluredi ufque 
ad venellam proximam quae diicit ad aquam currentem, 

* L. 1V> F. 80. C. i38» 



Thefe Carmelites dwelt firft in Cheftertone, in a place called La 
Carme, each man having his feparate cell. Afterwards they re- 
moved to Newenbam extra Cantab\ and there they built a number 
of cells, with a handfome church, cloifter, dormitory, and all 
necefiary apartments. Then in 1290, all the brethren of this 
order in England changed their habit for white copes \cap(2\ in- 
ftead of coarfe woollen cloaks \_pallia Jlragulata\. 

In about two years afterwards they removed into the town of 
Camliridge, and there began to build, and ereded a new church 
in Miln-ftreet, in the parilli of St. John, as aforefaid. A certain, 
brother of this order named Humphry, at the defire of William dc 
Luda, bifliop of Ely, had licence to incept in divinity, who after- 
wards incipit folem paritei\ and read in their fchools, in the new 
place before-mentioned, in the parifli of St. John. This Humphry 
was the firft Carmelite who had leave to incept in the univerfity '. 

In the year 1291, the canons of Sempringham firft dwelt at 
St. Edmund's chapel, and applied themfelves much to attending 
lectures and difputations. 

The friars Hermits of St. Auguftine having fixed upon a place 
in St. Edward's parifh, for a perpetual fettlement S^pro manfione 
perpetud\ came to a compofition with the prior and convent of 
Barnwell, re£lors of St, Edward's church, and William, vicar of 
the fame, by way of recompence for the damages which might 
accrue to them, or their fucceflbrs, upon account of the houfes 
and foil taken and inhabited at prefent by the faid friars 
Hermits in the parilh of St. Edward aforefaid, in which the pa- 
riiliioncrs ufed formerly to dwell, who paid oblations and tithes 
real and perfonal to the faid church, from all which the friars 

» Gratiam incipiendi in univerfitate. I.. IV. F. 80. C. 139. 
Priiuo inhabitabant ad capellam StlEadmiindi et kftionibus audiend'et difputati- 
onibus multum hififtebant. Leftiones ec difputatioues habebant di6li canones in locum. 

F 2 Hermits 


Hermits aforefaid afferted that they had an exemption by authority 
of the apoflolic fee; and therefore agreed to pay to the prior and 
convent of Barnwell and their vicar 4s. per ann. (viz.) 2s. on 
Chriftmas-day, and 2s. on Eafter, in the church of St. Edward; 
and they further agreed, that if they neglected the paymen^at 
the appointed time and place, that the bifliop of Ely for the 
time being fliould compel them to pay, by proceeding to ex- 
communicate them immediately upon their neglefl, without 
the previous ufual procefs of law. And they agreed to fet 
afide their privileges on this account, and to be alfo obliged 
to make a competent fatisfa6tioa for all reafonable damages 
and charges, which the faid redtors or vicar might fuilaiu. 
upon that account. They alfo agreed farther, that if the 
faid friars fliould afterwards enlarge their habitation within 
the bounds of the faid parifli, that then the faid recfkors and. 
vicar fliould have a farther yearly allowance in proportion, 
to the enlargement ; and this they bound themfelves to 
in the fame manner as aforefaid, falvis prhilegiis in omnibus 
aliis. They agreed alfo, that the Heremites fliould admit 
none of the parifhioners of St. Edward to receive the facraments 
of the church, and that all their hired fecular fervants fliould.' 
receive the facrament in St. Edward's church, make their oblations,, 
and pay their tithes there. This agreement was made by Guido,, 
official of Ely, in the conventual church of Barnwell, die Lunce 
proxima poji jejlum JanBi Martini^. 1290, and fealed with his- 
feal, and the feal of the parties concerned, in prefence of 
Mafter Galfrid de Pakenham, chancellor of the univerfity of 
Cambridge, Mafter Hugh de Pagrave,. and Henry Sampfon, pro- 
feflbrs of civil law, and abundance of other witnefTes '. 

In the beginning of the year 1 290, dame Dionifia de Monte 
Canifo began to build a church, and many other apartments for 

' L. IV. F. 81. C. 141. And fee. Baker's MSS. in Brit, Muf. vol. II. N" I. 
5 <^^ 



the ufe of fifters of the order of the Minorites in her manor of 
Waterbeche. And in the courfe of the year \_a7ino revoIuto\ four 
Ji/lers, the firft four of which came thither from France about 
Afcenfion-day, planted there an abbefs and fillers, Minoreffes of the 
order of St. Clare. But Symon prior of the convent of Barnvvell, 
redtors of the church of Waterbeclw, and Gonftantine, the per- 
j)etual vicar of the place, earneftly oppofed their fettlement there, 
alledging, that it would neceffarily be a prodigious damage to 
the mother church, viz. the parifli church of Waterbeche, and 
confequently to them and their fucceffors. For if they were 
fuffered to fettle there, they would draw away all, or moll part, 
of the fmall tithes,- as milk, calves, lambs, wool, the tithes of 
orchards, oblations, confeffions, and other things, belonging of 
common right to the faid church, and which had been con- 
Itantly and quietly paid heretofore. After pretty warm dif- 
putes, they came to an accommodation, by the advice of Guido, 
official to William bifliop of Ely, and other friends, and all 
parties agreed to abide by the official's- determiniation, by au- 
thentic writings ' under their refpeilive feals. 

The abbefs's name, as appears by the writing aforefaid, was 
Johanna de Nyverriis. Thefe writings, or letters patent, bear 
date at Waterbeche, 3d of the ides of February, 1294, Upon 
which, the official examined and confidered the matter, to fee 
what advantage would accrue to the raonaftery of the abbefs and 
lifters, by retaining thefe tithes, &c. for the future, and what 
damage and lofs \t would be to the portion of the vicar of the 
place for the time being. 

And, after a full and mature deliberation upon the matter, he 
appointed, that, for recompence of the fmall tithes, 

■ Which writings were called letters patent in the leiger-book of Barnwell, where 
they may befeenat length. 





Deincrementis animalium j5 priorem religioforum et non aliorum, ec ortis, frudibire 
arborum, vivarioruni, et aliis minutis inclufis ibidem fepukura et oblacionibus dc 
diia fundatrice et heredibus kiis, fua libera familia et aliis amicis nobilibus qui cum 
cis ibid' venerint et moram ibi fecerint cum eifdem abbatifla et forores de Water 
Beche folvent perpetuo dc bonis ejulcicm manciii fui pracdifti vicario de Water Beche, 

every year at two terms of the year, 22s. fterling in the pariili 
church of Waterbeche, viz. lis. at Eaftei", and its. at Michael- 
mas ; and that the vicar fliall demand nothing more upon the 
account aforefaid of any of the fecular fervants of the monaltery, 
which are always employed in the fame, to wit, as in the 
kitchen or cellar, and the like, and one fteward of the manor, 
except they are of the parilli of Waterbeche. The vicar lliall 
take nothing for oblations or confeffions without the abbefs's 
confent. But as for their fecular fervants that are employed in 
any of their concerns out of the monaftery, any where within 
the parilli of Waterbeche, whether they are parifhioners or 
ftrangers, they fhall make the ufual oblations to the mother 
church of Waterbeche, at leaft four times a year, and fhall 
there receive the facraments of the church ; and if they die 
there, and ought to be buried any where elfe, prima mijfa 
cuffi corpore prefenti cekbretur in ipfa ecckjia, et oblaciones mo- 
rientis ibidem. And that the bifliop of Ely, or his official for 
the time being, fliall have power at any time to compel 
the faid abbefs and lifters to pay the aforefaid annual rent 
of 22s. to the vicar in the form aforefaid, fairly and with- 
out contention, notwithftanding any privileges they either have 
now, or fliall hereafter obtain. And he alfo determined, that 
it fliould not be lawful for the faid abbefs and lifters to proted: 
nor defend, or fujEFer to be defended, their fecular fervants, vel 
aliena animalia^ feu eorum exitum in aliquo contra ordinatiotiem 
predicl\ But, that he might do no prejudice to the convent of 
Barnwell by his determination, he declared that they ought to 
receive and have all the tithes garbarum et feni et pajiura et aliis 




Udere et plene ficut ante ; and for the better fecurity of the parties 
concerned, he put the feal of his office to this his determination ; 
and thebidiopof Ely, arter ne iiaa r^^orv i«formed of the con- 
tents of it, caufed his feal alfo to be affixed. This determination 
bears date at Waterbeche, Die Veneris in fefto fan£i<z Scolajticce' 
virg. id eft, quarto idus Februarii^ anno Uni 12^^. WitneiTes, 
Sir Wilham de Kyftetot, Sir Wilham Touchet, knights. Matters 
John and Thomas de Redefwell, Henry de Pentelaros, friars 
John de S'to Eadmundo, Robert de Swapham, canons, and mafters 
John Pikard, and Walter Sauccage, chaplains to the bifhops of 
Ely, with many more '. 

The friars of St. Mary began to build in the parifh of All 

Saints by the Caftle, A. D. 129. . . 

Sed per ja^um f^/);/// nunciabatur eis novum opus. Et fecerunt pacem pro in- 
demnitute matris cccte pro 3i. marce ann', qiiam reJdunt infirmario de BernewelJe; 
unde fada eft compofitio, et figillo Hugonis de Balefham Elyenfis epi fignata ''. 

In the year 1 297, the brethren de penitentia Jefu Chrijii bought 
a principal mefTuage of John le Rus, which was oppofite to the 
chapel of Saint Edmond. But as that mefTuage was of the fee 
of the canons of Barnwell, prior Jolan would not fufFer them 
to take pofTeffion of it. Upon which, John le Rus came along 
with the faid brethren to the prior, and with tears in their eyes 
begged his pardon, and that he would give them leave to take 
l^ofTeffion of their houfe. And upon John le Rus making an. 
acknowledgement in writing, that he was to pay a yearly rent 
of 28s. I id. to the convent of Barnwell for that houfe, . and '' 
other houfes in Cambridge, and lands in the field, and binding 
his water-mill in Milne-flrate for the payment thereof, and for a. 
fixed place where they might always diflrain for the fame, and 
to make a more authentic afTurance and acknowledgement of 
the fettlement before the juftices itinerant which were then at-. 
Cambridge ; the prior conferited to their admifliono 

' L. IV. F. 82, and 83. C. 142. * Ibidem, C. 143. 




Thefe friars de Sacco gathered to them many good fcholars, 
and multiplied fo much that the pope decreed, in the coumil of 
Lyons, that they Ihould from thenceforwnrri receive no muie 
i«to tKoii. W1V.1CI, except the friars preachers, Minorites, and Car- 
melites, and he gave them leave to enter into lefs fl:ri<5l \Jaxiores\ 
religious orders if they would. And from that time they dwindled, 
and came to nothing, except only the friars preachers '. 

But the faid John le Rus having fold the greateft part of his 
eitate by parcels, died, and left what he had to his nephew, 
Hugh le Rus, who finding the mill very ruinous, and bound for 
a large rent, pulled it down, by the advice of Guy de Mortuo 
Mari, rector of the church of Kingftone, and carried away all 
the materials belonging to it to the faid Guy's houfe, and laid 
it in his yard ; and fo the prior of Barnwell was deprived of 
the fecurity which he had for his rent. Upon which, he fued 
the faid Grey and Hugh, and had a verdidl againft them, and 
they were forced to give fecurity for the faid rent *. 

In the 1 8th year of Edward I. the 7th of the ides of July, 
about 9 in the morning the church of St. Mary at Cambridge 
was burnt, and many houfes round it ^ 

In the year 1287, on St. Blafe's day, the 3d of February, after 
fun-fet, whilft the canons' were finging compline there arofe 
a very great tempeft, and a terrible flafli of lightning fell upon 
the crofs, which was on the very top of the tower of the 
church, and prefently the fire fell on the tower, quod qu'afi poma 
aurea dejcendebant feint ilia in medio chori, which very much 
frightened the canons. Going out after compline, they faw the 
fparks flying from off the crofs. But feveral, both canons and 
feculars, going up to the top of the tower within it, could find 

* L. IV. F. 8^ C. 14.4. 

* L. IV. F. 88. C. 162.. 

L. III. F. ^2^. a %%, 83. 



nothing ami fs, and thought nil was Tafe. But yet the fire kept 

burning upon the crofs till it had confumecl it dov/n to 

.... But though it burnt there a great while, yet it burnt 
inwardly, and nothing appeared without, fo that they hoped 
the fire was eTtfinguiflied. But this being confumed, the iron 
that fupported the weather-cock \ventilogiuin'] fell down with 
the crofs ; and then the fparks began to fly about terribly, 
and fet fire to the neighbouring houfes at a great diftance, as 
well as to thofe that \Vere nearer, and at the fame time the wind 
was fo very high, and fo cold,, that it was almoft impoffible for 
the neighbours to aflift oiie another. The fire raged and burnt 
all that night, and the day followin'g, till fun-fet. The fire 
which fell down froni the tower of the church fet fire to the 
choir, and did incredible damage, by breaking the boarding 
and the clock, melting the lead, and cracking the windows and 
bells, befidcs what the neighbourhood fviffered '. 

After the fire, the convent were forced to perform divine 
fervice in St. Mary's chapel for above a year. 

1287, a flafli of lightning fet fire to the belfrey of Barnwell 
abbey, and deftroyed great part of the monaftic buildings by 
its undiftinguilliing rage ''. 

John de Kyrkebi, bifhop of Ely, came upon a fet day, at 
the requeft of fome of the canons, to vifit the priory ; and hav- 
ing made a fpeech (as was ufiial) before the great altar, Symon 
the prior faid to him, " My lord, here is nothing to be done." 
** Nay," faith the biiliop, " if there Is nothing to be done, I'll be 
** gone." Then, turning his eyes towards the part that was burnt, 
" See," faid he, " the footlleiis appear;" and fo went away in very 
great pallion, and immediately excommunicated all the inhabitants. 

' L. IV. F. 84. C. 146. 

' Ignis fulmineus ex concufiione tonitrui generalius campanarium monaflcrii de 
Bernwell juxta Cantabrigiam maonamque partem sdificiorum fuoriim indilcreto 
dcvoravit mcendio, anno Dom. 12S7. Thu. Wikes, p. 116. cd. Gale. 

Ecclefia de Bernwell idu fulguris cremabatur. Ann. Wigorn. in Angl. Sac. I. 509. 

G He 


He relaxed the fentence the next morning; but did not fo fooii 
lay afide his refentment againft the prior and convent ; for he 
ufed them ill, and oppofed them in every thing. In the mean 
time, Robert de Ilekitone, Jacrijl of the church, took infinite 
pains, exerting himfelf to the utmofl to repair the church, and, by 
his exertion, almoll: completed it in two years '. Several faid that 
the church ought to be re-confecrated, and others, that it ought 
to be only reconciled after the repairing. However, the prior 
left that to the bilhop, and wrote a very fubmiffive letter 
to him, to beg his pardon, and fent it by his fubprior ; upoa. 
reading whereof, the bifliop could not refrain from tears,, and- 
forgave the debt ^ Afterward, at their requeft, he came and re- 
conciled the church with great folemnity, fprinkling holy water,, 
with wine and afhes, thrice round the church within and without. 
He gave large fums for pious ufes, and to the furrounding^ 
populace, and celebrated mafs at the high altar of St. Giles, and 
granted 40 days indulgence ^ And after he had finiflied the 
whole ceremony, he went to his dinner at Ditton, and took noi 
procurations. This reconciliation was performed, on the firfl: 
Sunday in Lent, pr'idie norC Martiiy anno 1288; and the fame 
John, bilhop of Ely, was dead and buried before Eafter ^ 

William Longchamp, bifliop of Ely, dedicated the conventual 
church of Barnwell to the honour of St. Andrew and St. Giles^ 
in the nth kal. Mail, 1 191, and gave 40 days indulgence upon 
that occafion *. 

* IMultum anhelabat et viriliter laboravit circa rcparationem ecclefiae, et confumi 
mavit fere infra hiennium cum folicitudine. 

* Et debitum dimifit. 

^ Aquam benedi€tain cum vino et cinere ter ecclefiam circuiens interius et ter 
exteriuE. l-arge dedit in pictatibus et populo circumftanti largiflime in frontibus, et. 
rr^iTR M -flebravit ad magnum altare dc Sto Egidio, et iudulgcniiam 43 dierum.. 

* 1.. iV. F. 85. C. 147. • Ibidem, C. ^8, 



John [de Fontibus], bifliop of Ely, dedicated the chapel of the 
Infirmary to the honour of St. Peter, in the time of prior 
Laurence, in the 6th year of king Henry Fitz John, 1222, the 
6th of the nones of October; he granted five days indulgence upon 
this occafion, and therefore every year, upon the anaiverfary of 
the dedication, a folemn mais is celebrate:! in that chapel '. 

The fame bifliop dedicated the chapel of St. Mary to the 
honour of the blelTed Virgin and St. Edmund, king and martyr, 
in the time alfo of prior Laurence, anno 1229, upon St. Agnes' 
day, 12 kal. Jan. and allowed 40 days indulgence; and there- 
fore every year, upon St. Agnes' day, the mafs of dedication 
is celebrated, and upon St. Edmund's day 1 2 kal. Dec. the mafs 
of the martyr is celebrated in that chapel '» 

Mafler Robert de Fulburn, who died a year and three months 
before the burning of the church of Barnwell, was a very great 
benefadlor to the convent. He forgave them 300 marks, v^^hich 
they had borrowed of him. He ordered that they fliould have 
the two horfes which fliould carry his body to be buried there. 
He gave them abundance of filver cups and difhes, a very great 
collection of books, and feveral other things, fo that it was com- 
puted that they had 500 marks by his death. Befides, he 
gave them a flone houfe, over againft St. Sepulchre's church in 
Cambridge, to pay a perpetual chaplain to celebrate mafs for 
him at the altar of St. Auguftine every day '. 

Mafter Galfrid de Pakenham, chancellor of Cambridge, began 
to pave the flreets of Cambridge, in the 19th year of Edward 
the Firft. In order to enable him to carry on that great work, the 
king gave his confent that he fhould take the tolls, &.c. for 
fix years *. 

Feria quint a in cena Uni anno 1295, in the beginning of the 
year, William Luda, bifhop of Ely, in crajiino Annunciationis^ 

' L. IV. F. 15. C. 148. ^ L. IV. F. 87. C. 149. 

^ Ibidem, C» 153. * Ibidem, C. 154. 

G 2 confecrated 


confecrated.crirm. and oil in the church of Bernwell, and intro- 
duced the penitents, which is what had never been done by 
any bifliop of Ely within the memory of man'. And he alfo 
vihted his whole diocefe of Ely by himfelf, and by his oflicial, 
which no other bilhop of Ely ever did. On the fame day, viz. 
Monday, at nine o'clock, king Edward left the caftle of Cam- 
bridge, where he had lodged two nights and days ; and it had 
not been known in the memory of man that any king had 
lain there before ■. 

At the fame time, the king's cofferer depofited rooo pounds 
in the dormitory of Barnwell priory, againft the coming of the 
king to Cambridge. 

And the king's chancellor, Sir John de Lang, lay at the 
monaftry during the king's ftay at Cambridge, and for four or 
five days before his coming ^ 

In the year 1294, there Vv'as fuch a dearth in the land, that a 
bufhel of wheat Vv'as worth 2 6d. as foon as harveft was in. The^ 
4th day of July, all the coffers with treafure throughout Eng-. 
land, as well in churches as any where elfe, were lealed up by 
the king's officers, for his ufe '*. 17 kal. Augufi, the king feized 
the priory of Barnwell, with all its apj^urtenances, into his 
hands, for the tenths of the bifhop of Ely which were unpaid, . 
which amounted to 925I. iis, ^^d. The reaibn why the king 
feized the priory of Barnwell for the bifliop's taij^es was, becaule 
the prior of Barnwell was appointed by the king tQ collect the 
tenths of the temporalities in the bilhoprick of Ely ; but tha. 
bifnop being remifs, and the gij-ipt vuiwilling to pj^efs him, the 

* 1493. Feria :^tia in C'cena DHi i/.p;', inc'ipiente in craftino feu annunc'Dnic', 
ven'patciW. dcLuda ep' Elicnf .onfecravit in ccclel' dePcnwcil cr-.finaet oltum, 
el inviodiixit pcenitentcs. A tfrapore a quo exeat nemoria eg' Elienl' nunquatn 
antca ibi talip fecir. Lib. BeinweH. 

; L, IV. t'. 78. C. 155, 156. ' ibidem. 

* Compaie Annuls oi Duiutaple under this year, 

^ . . - bifnop 

O F B A R N W E L L A B B E y; 45: 

bifhop of Bath, the kmg's treafurer, came to extremity, and 
aneftcd mafter Robert Hokitone, facrill: of Barnwell, fub-collc<5lor, 
and feized the priory for the king's ufe, as afortfaid, till the 
money fhould be paid; which when the bhhop of Ely came 
to know, he paid the money into the exchequer, by the hands 
of malter John, his chaplain, vicar of Tyrington ; and {o ac- 
quitted the priory of Barnwell, and releaied the fub-colle6lor ;. 
and the bifliop himlelf had a difcharge under the leal of the 
chapter of Barnwell, dated, die S.abbati infra o£lav! AJfuinptiomS' 
beate Maris, anno 1294'. 

In the year 1291, there was a new taxation made of all ec— 
clefiaftical and temporal eftates, according to the true valucy-, 
throughout all England, for the tenths granted to king Edward' 
the Firit, for fix years, by pope Nicholas. This tax was 
affeffed and levied by John, bilhop of Wynton, and Oliver,, 
billiop of Lincoln. And they appointed mailer Govy de Co- 
ventre, official to the bifliop of Ely, and mailer Ralph de Fo- 
dringeye, archdeacon of Ely, to be taxers of the fpiritual re- 
venues in the diocefe of Ely. But they appointed mailer Richard 
de St. Frewyth, archdeacon of Bokingham, and mailer Robert 
Lutterel, canon of Sarum, to tax the temporals of the fuid: 
diocefe. Thefe taxers began their perambulation in June, and 
in their taxation proceeded in a 'very different way from v.hat was 
iifual. They were over and above hard upon all religious per-- 
fons. They would not believe them as to the valuation of their • 
ellate upon their credit ; for they not only required the clergy 
as well as the laity to, fwear to the truth of their return ; but. 
alfo obliged the religious to deliver in the" true value of their ' 
temporals in writing, under the feal of their chapter, and fwear. 
to the truth of it. And yet, after ail, would tax juilas they 
pleafed, and in many places to double tlie real value*. 

* L. IV. F. %^. C. J62, 163, 164; 155. 167, '. 



In this taxation the priorv of Barnwell was taxed as followsj 

as to its fpirituahties. 

In Decan' de Ceftertone. 

'Pnor de Bcrnwell, let in Hokitone 

In Hiftone St. And. 

•In Rumprone 

In Middeltone 

■In Land Beche 

In Cottenham 

Eccta de Maddingelc 

Eccta de Waterbeche 

In Decan' Canteb'. 
•Prior de Bernwell, in eccta St. Edw* 
In eccta St. Botulphi 

« Omnium Sanftorum ad Caftrum 

Sti Johannis 

Sti Egidii 

3n capclla de Barnwell 

In Decan' de Scenegeyc 

Eccta de Gilden Mordoa 
Eccta de Craweden 
Eccta dc Tliadclarve 

in Decan' de Bruime. 
In Lolle\<rort1ie 
In Hunger liattelc 
In Kingftone 
In Tofte 
Eccta de Brunnc 
Eccta de Caldecote 

In Decan' de Bertonc, 

Prior de Barnwell in Bertone 

in Cotes 

In Hafelingfeld 

In Wynepol 

In Trumpitone 

Eccta de Combertone 

Eccta de Harleftonc 

In Decan' de Caumpis. 
In Stowe 

Jn SwafFtiam Monalium 
In Pampewithe 
Eccta Hinxtone 

I ' Bona 



2 m. 

2s. 4d. 

40 s. 


46 s. 8d 

. 4s. 8d. 

5 m. 

{ m. 

20 s. 


20 s. 


17 m. 

22s. 8d. 

20 m. 

2 m. 

I m. 


4 m. 

5s. 4d. 

7 m. 

9s. 4d, 

20 s. 


10 m. 

I m. 

20 s. 




45 m. 


20 m. 

2 m. 

20 m. 

2 m« 

15 s. 

18 d. 



40 s. 


40 s. 


42 m. 


12 m. 






24 s. 

2S. 5d. 




2S. 4d. 

30 m. 

3 ni. 

2o m. 

2 m. 

40 s. 


15 s. 


20 s. 

2 3. 

20 m. 

I mo 



Bona Temporalia Prioris 

In Barnwell et Cant* 

In Bertone 

In Cumbertone 

In Ceftertone 

De quibus Iblvunt 

regi p ann* 41 o 

Sie remanent de- 

cimBles 17 3 

In Maddingelc 
In Draytone 
In Brunne 
In Toft 
In Caldecote 
In Feverifhara 
In Wynepol 
Ifl Harleftone 
In Hafelingfeld 
In Wyvelinghani', 
In Trumpiton. 
In Meldeburne 
In Wytlesfored 
In Dokeword 


de Barnwell, in dioc' Elyenf'.. 


verum valorem. 

/. s. 


/. s. 


48 II 


In Pinecote 

% 1 1 


13 16 


In Hokitone 

I I 


41 6 

In Stantone St. Michael 


58 3 


In Impetone 

2- 17 


In Land Beehe- 

4 2 


In Gretton* 



In Herd wye 



In Kingftone 


19 14 


In Everldone 



4 4 


In Wytlesford 


19 12 


In Stowe 



9 7 


in Crawdone 


2 8 


In Thadelows 

2 17 




In Cotenham 



1. z 

In Ramptone 




In Barentone 



In Barnediftonc 



In Rifeby 



In Chavde and Scheperey. 

I I 




In Howes 




SiHnma Summarum 

J77 9 


The tenths of which a^e 

»7 15 

It was faid, that king Edward defired this tax but for three 
years only; but pope Nicholas, who was of the order of the 
Minorites, gave him the tenth both of the Temporalities and^. 
Spiritualities for lix years, andyet that pope died in three years,^ 



Priors of Barnwell. 

,1. Galfridus. He was canon of Huntington, and taken 
from thence to govern the canons of Cambridge near the Caftle, 
hy the confcnt of Anfeln"), archbifliop of Canterbury, and R.e- 
cnigius, bifiiop of Lincoln. He was a man of great hoHnefs 
and piety, and governed that church 20 years ; and after their 
tranllation to Barnwell, he died at a very great age, and was bu- 
ried at the entrance to the chapel of the Bleffed Virgin. 

2. Gerard fucceeded him '. The chief thing, as far as I 
can find, that recommended him to the good liking of Payii 
Peverel, their patron, was, that he was a very chearful and 
Tnerry companion. In his days many apartments were built 
and many lands bought \_jiebmit officind'^ mtiltcB terrte adquifitd\\ 
and he carried on the church with great dihgence, which was of 
wonderful bignefs, and extended itfelf (as it was defigned) into 
the High-flreet, by the affiftance of Payn Peverell. He alfo built 
the dormitory. But, after the death of Payn Peverell, his fon 
William was not fo zealous to promote the work. But, going 
into the Holy Land, he quickly died there, and fo the church 
lay uniinilhed all the time of Gerard, and alfo of Richard Noel 
and Hugh Dpraefman, his fucceffors. ; .; ; 

3. Richard Noel came next, a religious, but a weak and 
faint-hearted man, and unfit for government. After two years, 
he voluntarily refigned his ix)lf, took a formal leave of the 
brethren, went into France, and was never heard of more. 

4. Hugh Domesman, a canon, was made prior in his room, 
a very liberal man, very loving, and much beloved among the 
brethren. He was fo very affable and courteous, that fome 
blamed him, and accufed him of folly, as ading beneath the 
<lignity of a governor. He had a very large patrimony by the 

' About 1U3. 


O F B A U N W E L L A B a E Y: 49 

Oeath of his parents ' ; fevcn fcoie acres of land in the fields, 
and a great many houfes in the town of Cambridge : he alfo 
l)urch^fed two hydes ©f land in Maddingley ; all which he 
gave to the common ufe of the brethren. He recovered the 
church of Wenden % which had been loll: by the negligence of his 
predecelTors ; and, alter having been prior 20 years, he died 
ot a confumption. 

5. Robert, for his goodnefs furnamed Joel.) fucceeded to this 
priorate. He was a canon of unheard-of aufterity ; moft fevere 
in chiding, and harfli in reprimanding. He wholly rcftrained. 
the irregular, and reduced the erroneous, and obliged all to keep 
within the bounds of order and government. Befidcs, he not 
only advifed, commanded, and repryved, but he alfo fet them 
a bright example himfelf. He was very conftant and very 
devout in every part of divine fervice. As he was very eminent 
in the practice of every virtue, fo he was moil remarkable for 
kis chaitity and charity. Sometimes indeed his zeal made him 
fo fevere in intlidling puniQiments, that fome have thought him 
cruel ; but he was a man truly venerable and ;praife-worthy. 
Having prevailed upon a famous knight, one Everard de Beche % 
to give him both aflirtance and advice for the building of offices 
and the church, he took up the very foundations of that pro- 
digious church which had been begun by Payn Peverel, and 
built a more decent and commodious one in its ftead, had it 
dedicated, and then richly adorned it. 

' His father was Ofbern Domefman. Lib. de priori'bus Barnewell, in Mon. 
Ang. II. II. 

* Wendon, in EfTex. See Newcourt, II. 648. Morant, II. 592. 
^ F. 23. To the memory of this Everard de Beche was this infcription on the 
bafe of a crofs in the high road on the welt fide of Bernwell : 

Quifquis es, Evrardi memor elto Bechenfis, ct ora . . . 

Liber ut ad requiem tranfeat abfque mora. 

Lib. de prioribus Tirpra cit. in Mon. Ang. U. 33. 
H At 


At his earneft importunity, William bifliop of Ely granted 
to the ufe of the brethren the churches of Beche, Caklecote, 
and St. Giles's in Cambridge, which had been either negligently 
loft, or unjuiUy taken away ; and he confirmed them to them 
by a writing. He afligned the church of St. Giles in Cambridge 
for curing the fick brethren, and for bleeding thofe in healui 
[nee non Janis minuendisl. He annexed three marks yearly laiary 
to the ot'hce of precentor. 

At lad, being grown old, and worn out with ficknefs, he vo- 
luntarily refigned his priorate, after he had held it 33 years ; 
and lived three years afterwards, and then died, and was buried 
before the great crofs in the church which he had built. Everard 
de Beche, by whofe alliftance he had perfe6led that work, was 
buried on the ibuth-fide over-againlt Payn Peverel, as the belt 
friend of that church, next to him. 

6. William Devoniensis fucceeded Robert, as prior, but, 
by reafon of the fliortnefs of his life, could do no great matters. 
Beiides, in his time, the wiiole kingdom of England was under 
a general interdidt, w-hich brought him a great deal of daily 
trouble and forrow ; for though he was the governor, yet he 
could not carry on the affairs of his church according to his 
willies. He died 8 cal. Jan. anno Domini 121 3, that is, in tlie 6th 
year of the interditfl, and was buried in the fouth cloyfter, near 
the door of the church \Jitxta hojiium eccleji(f\ on the weft fide '. 

7. William de Bedeford, faciift, was eleded into the pri- 
orate on the loth of the kalends of November, after a vacancy 
of about five months. It is faid, that he went but once into 
the Chapter-houfe after his inftallation ; for he died in a few 
days, and was buried on the north-fide within the chapter- 
houfe ^ 

• F. 23. • Ibidem. 

8. Richard 


8. Richard de Burgh fucceeded him, but died in a very 
little time, and was buried near his predeceffor. 

9. Lawrence de Stanesfeld, though a young man, was 
unanimoully choien upon the death of Richard de Burgh. He 
had been chaplain to the three preceding priors, and was a man 
of excellent morals, but no great fcholar ; though it is laid 
he had written feveral books, as particularly *' The Sufferings of 
" the Saints," in three volumes, which was wont to be read when 
the convent were at table. He loved regular difcipline, and was 
very exemplary. When he was fo old that he could not walk, 
he would be carried by his fervants to the entrance of the choir, 
and from thence, with much difficulty, would go into his ftall, 
that he might fliew a good example to thofe who were under 
his care. In his time the interdi(5l was relaxed ; John abbot 
of Fountains being made bifliop of Ely. This prior Laurence 
built the refecSlory, the infirmary, the great hall \jjofpHiu7n\ 
a granary, bakehoufe, brewhoufe, liable for horfes," the in- 
ward and outward gate, and the walls new almoft to the top 
\_ad ■fummum']. He alfo built the chapel of St. Edmund, 
and covered it with lead ; he made alfo very beautiful rails to 
our outer churches, and very excellent barns '. He found three 
carucates when he was elected j)rior, and at his death he left 
thirteen. He did alfo a great many other good things by 
God's bleffi ng, and the people's plentiful affiltance ; for the 
friars did not then, as now, go begging about ". He died in a 
great age, and was honourably buried on the right hand of the 
entrance into the chapel of St. Mary, and covered with a marble 
ftone cum agno ^, anno prior atus fui 38. 

' Cancella etiam ad ecclefias noftras exteriores pulchra fecit et honefla, et horrea 
valde bona. 

* Non enini tunc ficut nunc erant fratres circumquaque mendicantes. 
■* Docs this mean that a iamh was carved en the ftone ? 

H 2 10. Henp.y 


lo. Henry de Eya fucceeded him about 1255; a man of a 
ftrong, robuft body, and of good morals. This man was many 
years chamberlain, to the great fatisfadion of his companions: 
he planted a good orchard with his own hands ; he alfo planted 
a vineyard, and had fome years a great deal of fruit. Aftcr- 
w-ards being made fub-prior, he was eledcd prior upon the 
death of Laurence ; in which poft he was very uneafy, becaufe 
he perceived their goods to wafte, and debts to increafe. The 
order of Mendicants a few years before had taken root in large 
bodies, and had got the burials of the rich and their legacies 
and alms by their iniinuating fpeeches, which before their ar- 
rival were no fmall profit to the conventual church of Barnwell. 
But confidering his own incapacity and exceiiive debts of the 
convent, he refigned his priorfliip into the hands of the official 
of Canterbury (the fee of Ely being then vacant) in the third 
year of his priorate, unknown to the convent. He had, how- 
ever, afterwards a chamber allotted him in the infirmary, in 
which he lay and eat, and one of the ^anons was appointetl to 
bear him company, and to wait upon him. He had alfo an 
allowance out of the cellar and kitchen, and treafnry, equal to 
what two canons ufed to have ; for his boy \^ad garcionem 
J'uwn\ he received nothing out of either, and yet he frequently 
and chearfully invited and treated the brethren of the convent ; 
but his chief bufineis was prayers and alms. He died when he 
had refigned near 14 years, and was buried in the great church 
between tw'o pillars before the leflcr crofs. 

II. JOLAN DE Thorleye ' Came after him into the priorate. 
He was indeed a very little man, but of a very commendable 
underftanding and prudence, and well verfed in the civil law. 
He found his church cruelly opprefTed with a debt of no lefs than 
600 marks, which he endeavoured all he could to get cleared. 

' John de SHOTtEY, Willis, He was chofcn abouc 1256, and refigned 1266. 


O F B A R N W E L L A B B E Y. 53; 

He received in time 200 marks of the executors of William 
Kilkeniji, billiop of Ely, for which he obliged his church to find 
two chaplains for ever, which fliould be ftudents in Cambridge, 
to fay mals for the foul of the faid bilhop Kilkenni. And theie 
two chaplains were to receive 10 marks yearly out of the chamber 
de Barnwell for ever. But that that payment might not icem 
to be burthenfome to the fraternity, he obtained afterwards the 
church of All Saints by the caftle in Cambridge, from Hugh de. 
Balfiiam, biihop of Ely, by the rcfignation of mafter Adam 
Buden, for the proper ufe of the convent, out of which their 
infirmarius was to anfwer 10 marks to the faid chaplains. He 
was fo very careful of the temporal affairs of the monartery, that 
in time he not only cleared tleir debts, but alfo raifed the 
number of canons to '^o^ as they were at firit intended ; and alfo 
purchafed fome lands in Aladdingley and Berton by little parcels- 
He built a handfome apartment and chapel for himfelf. He 
new built part of the cloifter \jpannellum claujlri'] towards the 
wefl, and would have dene more ; but that the wars w hich 
preceded the battle of Lewes did him much damap^e ; for he 
had 13 very good horfes, and their harnefs, feized at WygenhalL. 
And not long after, the ifianders came out and burnt his ban s- 
at Brunne, with all the corn of three carucates, and of the 
church '. And fome of the ifianders alfo confpired his death, 
upon account of Sir Walter de Cotcnham, who was taken by the 
king's officers, and hanged. Upon tins, he fled to the abbey of 
Waltham, where he was' honourably received and entertained \. 
Thefe afflidions brought fuch a \veaknefs upon him, that in a. 

' See before, p. 26. — 28. 

* John de Burgh, fenior, lord of the manor that formerly belonged to I'oberc 
Tipetote (Tiptoft) in Harletlon, was very inveterate againft this prior. Li'I. Coll. i. 
629. ex regiftro Bt-rnewell. 

William de St. Orner, the king's judiciary, flayed a while at Earnewell to inquire 
into the ill behaviour of the ifianders. 

I little.; 

54 TliE ili STORY AND A N T I QJJ I T I £ S 

little time he refigned ' into the hands of the bifliop of Ely. He 
nfierwards recovered his indifpofition, and was very much in 
favour with the bilhop of Ely. After his refignation, he finillied 
the greater part of the" Chapter-houfe, and two parts of the 
■ <J[r,\^cv ^dtios panel/os claujhi]^ and would have done more, if 
he had been let alone ; but John de Parham, archbifliop of 
Canterbury, vilited the priory of Barnwell, in the i6th year 
after his rellgnation, and took away from the laid Jolan his 
former proviiion, and the houfe where he dwelt, and afllgned 
him one chamber in the infirmary, and the common allowance 
of and drink, and loo Ihillings per ami. to be paid out 
of the common purfc, by reafon of his infirmities. And after 
two years, he died, and was buried in the floor before the altar 
of Thomas the martyr. 

12. Martcr Symon de Ascellis came after him, a man emi- 
nent for learning and eloquence. While he wore the fecular 
habit, he took a capital degree in arts at Oxford, and was after- 
wards made profefTor of civil law in Cambridge *. He was w'ell 
known, and much refpecfed amongft the nobility. He took the 
habit of a canon regular in a fit ot ficknefs, after which he con- 
tinued in, and proceeded according" to the ftated rules of the 
houfe, and in every ftation behaved himlelf fo agreeably and to the 
good liking of the whole focicty, that, upon Jolan's refignation, 
they thought him the propereit i:!erfon to be their prior, and 

' 1266, Willis. 

Jolanus, prior of Barnwell, being robbed at Wygenhale, in the county of Norfollc, 
by the fervants of Sir Wni. Bardulf, fled to the abbey of Dereham ; but the fan 
and heir of VVm. Bardulf favoured the canons of Barnwell. 

1237. Part of the church of Barnwell was burnt, and Robert de Fulburne was 
a great benefador to Barnwell abbey, for whom a canon celebrates mals. 

MS. note Kmnct, in Monaft. Angl. 1. c. 

^ Tempore reffandi erat negotiorum crucis Chrifli executor et vacante fede ex 
parte regis cuftos archicpatus Eborac'. We give this in the words of the tranfcriber. 



accordingly they unanimoufly chofe him into that high llation. 
Hugh tie Ballham, bi(hop of Ely, was very well pkaicci with 
this piomoticn of -nraller Symon, who was at the fame time liis 
official, and gladly confirmed him prior. 

It is remarkable, that he took the habit upon the day of the 
tranflation of St. Auguilin, viz. i ith of October ; and on the 
fame day, ten years after, he was chofen prior, and inilalled oa- 
St. Luke's day by the archdeacon of Ely. 

Prior Symon was apprehended, with feveral others, in the 
2 2d year of king Edward I. upon fufpicion of being concerned^ 
in the plot againft the government, upon the information of 
John Lewyn, a canon of Barnwell ; but the prior, and all the 
reil:, were acquitted, excepting William Wlwy and Robert Meflbw, 
who was found guilty.. 

He continued prior fomething better than 30 years, and then,. 
being in a manner worn out by okl age, he refigned his prior- 
fhip, and had a competent provifion alFigned him. He refigned 
into the hands of the bifliop of Ely about the Feaft of St. 
John Baptift, anno 1297, and died before that year was ex- 
pired, and was burled in the floor before the altar of St. Ka- 
therine, in an honourable manner, by his fuccelFor Benedict de 
VVelton, 13th prior of this church, elected 13 July, 1297, 
with whom the regiil:er ends '. 

25 Ed. I. [1297] 20 June. Licence to elect a prior of Barn- 
well on the resignation of Simon de Afcell. The king confented 
to tlie eled:ion of Benedict de Welton, June 26. The tempo- 
ralities were reftored July 3. 

9. Ed. II. [1316] The king being advifed of the ceffion of 
Benedi6t de Welton, prior of St. Giles, Barnwell, granted liczriQG. 
to eledf. 

* Fuller in his Hiflory of Cambridge mentions one Thomas to have been prior 
in 1235; but this leems a miftake, tor if there was any luch prior, 1 juJge it was 
ra.her 1325, or 1335. Willis. 


;30 T H E H I S T O H V A N D A N T I qjj I T I E S 

Dec. 3/FuLK, elei5\e<l prior of the church of St. Giles, 
'Barnwell, had a pardon for his tranTgreffion in prcfelnting his 
eleilion for confirmation to the billiop of Ely before the king 
had given his confcnt, and the king required that within a month 
Jstrers patent from the king fliould be procured for this purpofe. 
For tliis favoui', the prior charged himfelf before the king in 
■the celebration of 7 folemn maffes within the year in this church 
for tlie^ profperous Hate of the king and realm, and the- tem- 
poralities were reftored to him. 

Fulco occurs prior of Barnwell, 28 Sept. 8 Edward II. 1324 '. 

3 Ed. HI. [1330] 23 Jan. Licence to eleft a prior of Barn- 
%vell on the death of Fulk. 

4 Ed. III. Feb. 9. The king confented to the ele6lion of 
brother John de Quye, or, as fome read it, Oxney % canon of 
Ely, prior of Barnwell. The temporalities were reltored March 22. 

1345* 3 non Apr. licence to ele6t John de Brunne, prior, 
on the death of John de Queye, and John de Brunne was 
eledled 10 kal. Dec. 1340 ^ 

23 Ed. III. [1350] I Jul. Alan, prior of Ely, confirmed the 
-ele6lion of brother Ralph de Norton or Northampton, prior 
of Barnwell, and the king reftored the temporalities. 

In September 1388, Richard II. came to the priory and 
lield a parliament there, which by all authors is faid to be held 
at Cambridge ; and indeed fo it was, for Barnwell is a parifh 
in Cambridge. Here it was, that the faid king delivered all 

' Statutes of Michael Iloiife, penes Trin. coll. Camb. 

^ i,;{45, 18 kal. Jan. mortuo Jo. de Oxney, priore Barnewelle, elegitur John de 
Brunne. Bidiop of Ely's Regifter. 

' Obiit John de Quye, et eleftus John de Brunne, 10 kal. Dec. 1345. 

John de Brunne occurs in the bifliop of Ely's Regiller, 1345, 1346. 1348. Sept. 

9- P- 3- Jf'^^- 

1345, 4 non licentia Joh' de Brunne, priori, celebrandi divina in oracoriis 

iL'is infr 1 aiancria fua et redtpriis fibi appropr' in dioc' El', &c. 



the temporalities of the bidiopric of Ely to John Fordham, 
whom he had preferred to that fee, vacant by the tranllation of 
Thomas de Arundel to York. Fordham was much in favour 
with Richard II. who had made him lord treafurer, Jan. 17, 
1586, but removed him from that office at the inflance of the 
parliament in Oi^ober following. Pope Urban XVII. tranflated 
him to Ely, which was confidered as a fort of degradation, but 
he was forced to accept it, having received the pope's bull, Sept. 
27, 1388, at Huntingdon, in his way to attend the parliament at 
Cambridge. The fame day he made his profeffion of obe- 
dience to the fee of Piome in the choir or chancel of the con- 
ventual church of Barnwell, before archbiihop Courtney, who 
was commiffioned to receive it '. 

The nation was in too great a ferment for the king to grant 
the petition of the commons that he would call another par- 
liament the fame year, 13S8; but he fummoned one to meet 
after Candlemas-day following, at Cambridge % where his per- 
fon was more fecure than at London. The minds of men were 
by this time fo well fettled, that, by a general concurrence of the 
members of both houfes, feveral good laws were enaited for the 
public good. The commons likevvife granted half a fifteenth, 
and the clergy half a tenth, for the war with Scotland ^ They 
met in craflina j^ativilatis B. F. 1399 '^. 

In this parliament diverfe ftatutes were ordained ; as, for the 
limiting of fervants wages, punilliment of vagrants, inhibiting 
certain perfons to wear weapons, debarring unlawful games, 
maintenance of fhooting with the long bow, removing the ftaple 
of wool from Middleburgh to Calais, for labourers not to be re- 
ceived but where they are inhabiting, except with licence under 

' Ikntham's Ely, p. 166. ex Fordham. 

'■ There is only the writ for fammcning the p,"cr3 to this par'ianv^nt ar C.imbriJge, 
dated frcm O.iford, July 10, in Cotton's Abridgement. Parliamentury Hift. I. 441. 
* Car.e, II. s^)^. " Knyghton, c. 27 zj. 

I the 


the feaLof the hundred where they dwell. There w^as alfo an a6l 
made that none fliould go forth out of the realm to purchafe any 
benefice with or without cure, except by licence obtained of the 
kinp-; and if tliey did contrary thereto, they were to be excluded 
out of the king's protection. All thefe are printed at large in 
French, in Knighton, c. 2729. In this parliament, John Holland 
the king's maternal brother was created earl of Huntingdon '. 

During the fitting of this parliament. Sir Thomas Trivet 
riding towards Barnwell with the king, who lodged there, fpur- 
ring his horfe too much, the horfe fell witli him fo violently to 
the ground, that his entrails were to burft and perifhed within 
him, that he died next day. Many rejoiced at his death, he 
being efteemed a proud man, as well as fufpe6led of unfair deal- 
ings with the bifhop of Norwich in his journey into Flanders. 
But the chief reafon of his being hated was, becaufe he ii:ood 
by the king againll the lords, and counfelled him the year before 
to difpatch them out of the way ". 

Bifliop Fordham appointed Jan. 2, 1388, the prior and con- 
vent of Ely to receive the firrt moiety of tenths granted by the 
clergy in the priory of Canterbury, provided the king was 
obliged to go out of the kingdom in perfon for the defence of 
the realm and church of England ^ 

1420, March 8, he ordained deacon John Gar, of York, M. A. 
by letters demiflbry, ad titulum prior et conv. de Bernewelle '^. 

In the return of all the patrons and valuation of livings in 
Ely diocefe to billiop Fordham, 1402, is the following cer- 
tificate of John prior of Barnwell, and his convent, dated 

8 kal', Auguft that year K 

' ViraR. II. p. 106. 

" \Vairingham,335 IloHlnfheJ, If. ^65. 

3 Rcgirt. Kordhain, fol. <;. a. 

A Ibid. fol. 1 08. b. 

5 Ibid. fol. 13^. b. 



^ Sti Edwardi, Cantebr', Elienf dioc', 
Sti Sepulchri, cjufd' dioc', 
Meiddyngle, ejufd' dioc', 
Ciimbcrton, ejuld' dioc', 
Caldecot, cjuld' dioc', 
Brunne, ejuld' dioc', 
Vicaria <( Crawden, ejufd' dioc', 
Tadelowe, ejuld' dice', 
Morden, ejufd' dioc', 
Hynxton, ejufd' dioc', 
Harlefton, ejufd' dioc', 
Waterbeche, ejuld' dioc', 

"^ Wenden, Lend' dioc'. 


^ Sti Edwardi, Cantebr', Elienf dioc', val' x m. 

"~ OS. 


viii .m 








, , , xm. 

^ Wenden, Lend' dioc', xs. 

Ralph de Norton prefented to Waterbeche, 1389 '. 
John Barnewell, 1392, to July 23, 1408 ". 
In 1397 he was fummoned to convocation ^; again, 1402 ^; 
1406 5 ; 23 July 1408 ^ 

William Downe, Jan, 14, 1408 ^ 

John Poket, 1444, died Aug. 28, 1464, fuccentor, 1464 *. 

In his time there was a fire at Chefterton '. 

' Reg. Fordham. 

^ 1392. Epus concefTit fratri Joh' de Bernvvell, priori eccte conventualis de Bern- 
well, licentiam audiendi divina in oratoriis five capellis fuis infra maneria Jiia qua-- 
cunque intra noilra dioc' exiflentia, adeo ut non fie ad nocumentum ccclefiarum 
parochialium. Ibid. 

1392. Epus conceffit priori et conventui licenc' dimittendi fruflus ecclefiarum 
fuarum ad firmam ad bene placitum diii. Bifliop of Ely's Regiftcr. 

3 Reg. Fordham, f. io8. a. ■* Ibid. f. 134. b. 

' Ibid. f. 148. * Ibid. 

' He was fummoned to convocation, Jan. 14, 1408. Reg. Fordham, f. 171. b. 

T402, the bilhop direded his letters to John Judde his ofHcial, and to Edm. 
Totyngton facrifl of Eiv, impowering them to hear and take cognizr.nce of the 
crimes objedted againil Robert de Huntyngton, a canon of Barnwell ; to free him 
if he be found innocent; and if he appear guilty, de criminibus veroji convi£lus fuerit^ 
in perpetuam c^rcereni mancipandus, &:c. Bifliop of Ely's Regifter. 

Nov. 15, 1403, Edmund Totyngton, returned anfwer, that he fat in judgement 
on it in the cathedral chOrch of Ely, and that nobody appeared againft him. Ibid. 

' Reg. Grey, ep. El. fol. 142. See his eleflion in Appendix. N" I. 

' A. D. 1463. Incendium apud Chefterton. Baker's MSS. 

I 2 John 


John Whaddon? vicar of Waterbeche, eleded Sept. 24, 1464, 
refigned Nov. 10, 1474 '. 

WiLLi.'\M Tebald, or TiiiBAUD, eleded Nov. 26, 1474. He 
was canon 1454 ", and rab4')rior the fame vear, and till 1474 *. 

John Leverington, praecentor 1474, chofen 1489 ^^ w^as 
prior of Barnwell, 8 fienry VII. [1517J as appears by an old in- 
denture made upon the eKchange of three roods of land with 
Michael Houfe in Cambridge K 

8 Henry VIII. William Rayson, alias Cambrigge, occurs 
prior of Barnwell, and alfo 19 Henry VII. 

Thomas Cambridge, alias Rawlyn, was prior of Barnwell, 
Jan. ao, 14 Henry VIII. [1523] as appears by an old arbitration 
between him and the Mailer of King's Hall, concerning the tythe 
of a certain clofe called the Sale on the right-hand beyond the 
Caftle in the way to Chefterton \ 

' He was fu.nmoncd fo convocanon in 1452, Reg. Bourgchler, fol. 39, 1444. 
lb. f. 64. 1.^60. 1462, 146^ Reg. Cra)^, Tub annis, 1468. 1^.70, 1471, 1472. lb. 
He was prefident at BiQiop Gray's Infcallation. 

* See Reo;i(l;er fub anno. Reg. Gray, ep. El. ful. i ^y. b. See his cleftion in 
Appejidix, N° II. 

5 Computus de Bcrnewell, At this time, Thomas Gates was cellarer ; John 
VVifbich, granator and cellerar; Richard Fulburne, facrift i Tho. Bernard; Tho. 
Foke, prascentor; Nic. Cngge ; John Soham, coquinarius ; John Poket, fuccentor -, 
John Cambridge; John Refham ; In 1474, William Tibald was fub-prior-, Nic. 
Cagge ; William Bowman-, Williati Mafley ; John Leverington, pra^centor ; John 
Trough, faciift ; Robert Saham. He was fummoned to convocation in 1474. Reg. 

* 1489. Jt)hes epos Elienf, archidiac Elienf, &c. fakitem. Cum nos fratr* 
]ohem Levervngton, canonicum monafl;' feu prioratus de Bernwell ordinis Sti Au- 
guftini in priorem ejafd' monaft' elcdlum aui^oritate nofira ordinaria confirmavimus, 
vobis tr.anJamus quatenus didtum Jotiem Leveryngton inducatis, &c. Dae' Sep' i, 
1489. Exrrad' e regr vet' Elienl' voc' le Black Book. 

Inltallatus fuit Sept. 3. 1489. Solut' pro inftallatione fua 5I. &c. 

He affillcd at the inllallation of Morton, bifhop of Kly, Aug. 29, 1479, and 
fat at his right hand at his public dinner at the high Ices. Bentham's Hiftory of 
Ely, p. 179- Appendix, p. :6 *. 

' Penes 'I'rin. cull, ibidem. Reg cp. Elienf. 15 '4. ^S^l' 

* Ex anticp indent, penes Trin. coll. 


O F B A R N W I! L I. A B B E f . 6 r 

Nicholas Smith, not coming into Henry VlH's meafures, was 
forced to refign his priory, 1534, as appears by the following 
record, which, being a large and early ftretch of the fupremacy, 
is inferted here from bilhop Goodrich of Ely's regirter from 
Browne Willis, p. 4. 

Hcnricus Oflavus, Dei gratia, Angllffi e-t Francis rex, fidci defenfor, domi'.ius 
Hibernise, ac totius ecclcfia; Angl' tunc fynodi tunc parliamt-nti audtoiitate (upre- 
mum caput, reverendo in Chrifto patri ThomE permiffione divina Eiicnli epiicopo 
falutem : Sciatis quod eledtionem nuper fadam in monafterio five prioratu noftro de 
Barnewell, veftrje dioc', per liberam refignationem domini Nicholai Smith, ultimi 
prioris loci illius, in manus noftras fafta et audoritate nollram admiffa vacari de 
provide ec defcreto vero domino Johanne Badcock, didli loci canonico in priorem 
loci illius regium aflenfum adhibuimus et favorem. Qiiocicra vobis, tenore pre- 
fentium, tnandatnus quatinus elcdlionem hujufmodi auftoritate velira ordinarie 
in forma debiter confirmare, ratificare et comprobare vcliiis cum favore : alioqum 
veftra precedente negligentia defectum vcllram nos uti fupremum caput ecciefije 
prasdidtie auftoritate nollra fupplere curabimus. In cujusrei teilimonium has literas 
jioftras fieri fecimus patentes. Tefle meipfo apud Weftm', Nov. 24, anno regtii 
vicefimo fexto. Per breve de privato figillo, et de data predida, aut^oritate parlia- 
menti. Crbmv/ell. 

By virtue of which patent, John Badcock being conftituted 
prior, and prefented Nov. 24, 1534, continued till the diflb- 
lution, when yielding up his convent, Nov. 8, 1589, with 6 
of his monks, he obtained a penfion of 61. per ann. which he 
enjoyed 1551, as did his predecefTor Smith a penfion of 20I. 
per ann. when there was likewife paid in annuities 81. out of the 
revenues of the late convent, befiides the following penfions to 
Richard Arnham 61. 6s. 8d. Robert Wyfe 5I. 6s. 8d. Edward 
Balle 5I. 6s. 8d. ' 



' I Mary. Inter annuitates et pentioncs exeunt' de diverfis nuper monafteriis et 
prioratibus in com' Cant', prout in computo Johis Ayre, arm', auditoris iBm, dc 
anno primo reginse Marine, patct : 



This prior Badcock, after the diflblution of his monaftery, 
and the death of John Lacy and his wife (who had taken a 
leafe of the lands and tithes belonging to tlie faid diflblved 
abbey in the fields of Cambridge and Barnwell, of king Henry 
VIII.) took the fame leafe, and farmed the faid tithes and lands, 
as appears above. 

He was the lail prior of Barnwell, and died about the 2d of 
queen Elizabeth, as appears by depofitions taken upon a chan- 
cery fuit for Great St. Mary's tithes between Trinity College and 
WorthinQ,ton '. 

The inltallation of the prior of Barnwell was referved to the 
archdeacon of Ely ^ 

By agreement between the bifliop and prior of Ely, 141 7, the 
fub-prior of Ely was to come to the yearly fynod of the diocefe 
held in the priory K 

To this priory belonged in Ely diocefe in the county of 
Cambridge the vicarages of 

Bourne. ' 





^Robert! Warmington, per ann' 
j William Cook, per aim' 
Annuitates < Gregory R.char.ifon, per ann' 
j Lodov Walter, per ann. 
: Rog. Cholmeley, ratis, per ann. 

Summa 81. 
/'Ivonis Badcock, per ann. 60]. 
I Nich. Smith, per ann. 20I. 

p — . J R.oberti Wyfe, per ann. 

I Richard Arnham, per ann. 61. 
; Edward Ball, per ann. 


Penes Trin. coll. 
Bencham's Ely, p. 270, 
Ibid. /\ppendix, p. 28 

Summa ujixvi I. 








ic6s. 8d. 

6s. 8d. 

1 06s. 8d. 


O F B A R N W E I. L A B B E Y. 63 



Stow St. Mary with ^i curacy '. 

St. Andrew's Barnwell curacy, or the leffer parhli of St. Andrew 
in Cambridge. 

St. Giles in Cambridge, united with St. Peter's by the Caftlc, 
a curacy. 

St. Edward's recftory inC^/z^/Jr/V^^was appropriated to this priory, 
and a vicarage endowed, to which they prefented from 1346 to 
1445, when they granted it with that of the new diffolved church 
of St. John Zachary, to the king \ 

The prior prefented to St. Sepulchre's vicarage, 1396 and 
1406 ^ 

Crawden "•. 

King/ton K 


Melton alias Midleton, 

' They had the churches of St. John and St. Edward in Cambridge, till at the 
defire of king Henry VI. they made them over to Trinity College, in exchange for 
which he gave them Stowe Qtii, which the provoft and fellows of King's College, 
Cambridge, had given to the king, 35 Henry VI. Blomfield Coll. Cantab, p, 2^7. 
The inftrument of appropriation, printed in the Appendix, N= III. fets forth, 
that the pulling down the houfes to build King's College had reduced their 

' Blomf. Coll. Cantab, p. 85. 

' Blomf. ib. p. 79. 

After the order of Knights Templars was diffolved, 1313, the advowfon of St. 
Sepulchre's church was given to the priory of Barnwell, at which time I ap- 
prehend the church was raifed a ftory higher for the reception of bells, a id the 
chancel was then added and dedicated to St. Andrew, the patron of Barnwell 
priory, in which the prefentation continued until that houfe was diffolved by Henry 
yill. Mr. Eflex, in Archseologia, vol. VI, 176. 

* They prefented to it 1389. Reg. Fordliam. 

^ Pr. Barnwell patronus erat eccl' Sci Johis et Sci Edwardi in Camb', quas conceflit 
Coll' five Aula; Sanfta- Trinitatis, an. 1444, ideoque iidem appropriata eft eccta 
de Kyngfton. See the Appropriation of the church, Appendix, N" IV. 

3 Water- 



Gilden Morden. 

In Effex. 

Wendon magna vicarage. 

See a lill: of the churches belonging to this priory in Ely 
diocefe, Appendix, N" V. 

In 1402 John Bernweli, prior of Barnwell, certified that the 
patronage of his priory was By t ton redtory in Lincoln diocefe '. 

The poor ftate of the priory is reprefented in order to get 
appropriations, of the church of Kyngston, 1446, and that of 
Stow ^ioy, 1478. Of the former, fee Pat. 16 H. VI. p. 1 . m. 17. 
Pat. 24 H. VI. p. I. m. 2. 24. and 28. and of the latter, Pat. 35 
H. VI. p. 2. m. 4. and 7. 

It appears from a decree of the court of Augmentations, that 
the vicar of Hinxton, in the county of Cambridge, and his 
predecelTors, have enjoyed one annual penfion of 40s. payable 
out of the poffcflions of the late priory of Barnwell, in the faid 
countv, now diffolved ; and it was ordained and decreed by 
the chancellor of the court of Augmentations the 9th of Fe- 
bruary, 34 Henry VIII. that the now vicar of Hynxton fliall 
have and enjoy the faid atmual penfion, to be yearly paid by the 
hands of the bayliffs, or receiver of the iffues, revenues, and 
profits of the faid late priory. 

The redory of Laj^dbeach was appropriated to them by 
William Longchamp, bifliop of Ely, and confirmed by his fuc- 
ceffor, Euftace, about 1200. The prior's portion was taxed at 
il. and the goods at 4I. 2s. 6d. 1290 % 

The college of Corpus Chritti purchafed the manor with the 
advowfoa of the redlory, 33 Ed. III. ^ 

• Blomf. Coll. Cantab, p. 17c. 

^ Hiftory of Corpus Chnili coll. Append. 20. ^ Ibid. 22 — 24. 


OF Barnwell abbey. jC^ 

Licence to grant the advowfon of St. Botulph's church in 
Cambridge to the mafter and fcholars of Corpus Chriiti College 
for 4 marks rent in Cambridge. Cart. i8 E. IIL n. 4. Pat. 
27 E. IIL p. 2. m. 9. The prior and convent of Barnwell had 
been pofTeft of this recftory from the time of Euftace, biiliop of 
Ely, 1197, who appropriated it to that convent, referving only a 
Itipend to the vicar, and were in 1353 empowered to transfer 
all their right therein to Corpus Chrifti College, by licence from 
the bifliop, on condition they paid them 4 marks annually for 
the fame, which payment was made regularly till the mafterfliip 
of Botwright, 1450 ; when, on an omiliion of 4 years, a warm 
conteft arofe betwixt them, which was at length agreed to be re- 
ferred to John Fray, chief baron of the Exchequer, William 
Lichefield, and Gilbert Worthington, clerks, who, after infpcft- 
ing their writings, determined the payment fhould be continued, 
and that the convent fliould deliver up to them all their evi- 
dences relating thereto, and aflift them as much as poffible irl 
getting it appropriated to the college. However, inftead of this, 
the college were advifed to buy off this penfion, which they did 
for 100 marks, 1459, and fold the advowfon to Queen's college 
for 80, referving to themfelves only the liberty of making ufe of 
this church as often as they fliould have occalion, and as they 
were obliged to do by ftatute. The Hail of the Annunciation had 
procured the patronage of this church for this college, 1553) irt 
exchange for fome lands which bifliop Bateman wanted, to finiflli 
Gonville's foundation of his college : the bifliop dying the next 
year, his college refufed to confent; but the difpute was ter- 
minated by their agreeing to pay 40 marks in Heu of all damage^- 
and for the prefervation of peace '. 

' Mafters's Hiftory of Corpus Chriiti Collegej ip, 20,. Sec the agreement 
in the Appendix thereto, N- vi. p. i^:^. 

JC Corpus 


Corpus Cbrifti college had, 37 Henry VIII. in reddit. et 
firmis in Bernewell, per ann. liiis. ivd. ' 

Of their tithes in Waterbeach, fee Cart. 13 E. I. n. 8a. 
Rec. in Scacc. 17 E. I. Paich. Rot. Pat. 20 E. I. m. Plac. in 
com. Cart. 27 E. I. Affil". rot. i. d. 

Concerning their lands in Waterbeche and Gilden Morden,. 
fee Pat. 17 Rich. IL p. 2. m. 23. 

A penfion of los. out of Caldecot '. 

A portion of tithes at Bottefliara, taxed at 2s. ^ 

Portions of tithes were given them by Picot, in Trumpington,, 
Gretton, Hafiieton, Rampton, Lohvorth, Trurapington, Haf- 
lingfield, Harlefton, Everefden, Toft, Kingiton,, Wimpole \. 
Crawden, Hatley,. Pampifworth, and Aldwinckl-e. 

They had a portion in Grantcheiter vicarage -. 

The prior of Barnwell's temporalities at Barton near Cam-- 
bridge were valued at 13I.. i6s. 8d. and he had a portion of tithes 
there value 3s. ^ 

He was taxed at the rate of 61. 135. 4d. for the church of St.. 
peter and St. Giles, Cambridge '. 

He prefented to the vicarage of Chefterton, 1408 ^ 

1377, Nov. 17. Commiffio d'ni ep'i Elienf ad admittendum 
Joh'em de Norton ad vicariam S'ti Joh'is in le Mylne-ftrete, 
Cantebr. ad prefentat. prioriset conv. de Bernewell '. 

1396. Fr. Johannes Afliefold, S. T. P. canonicus de Barn-- 
well, prefentatus per priore.ra de Barnwell, ad vicar' Sci' Joh' in 
Milleftrete, Cantab"^ 

' Mailers' Hid. of Corpus Chrifti College, Appendix, p. 44. 

Blomf. Col!. Cantab. 4. 5. ' Ibid. 28. 

^ See a difpuce between the prior of Barnwell and the reclor of Wimpole about 
the portion of tithes, 1404, in biftop Fordham's Regifter. 

5 Hillory of Corpus Chrifti College, Append. 14. Blomf. Coll. Cantab, p. 229. 

Blomf. Coll. Cantab. 31. ' Ibid 34. 

Ibid. 64. "^ Reg. Arundel, fol, 25- 

'° C. Reg. Fordham, p. 102. b. 



1407, Jan. 20. Tho. Braflington, canon of Barnwell, ad- 
mitted by bifliop Fordham '. 

Ralph de Waterville gave, and William Fitz Otho, who^mar- 
ried his niece, confirmed to them, the advowfon of the church 
of Berton in Kefteven (Burton Strather \) 

Euftace Picot, 4 R. I. gave them lands m Maddingley \ 

■ Blomfeld ex regro epi El'. 

' Carta Willielmi filii Ottonis, de advocatione ecclefi'je de Beitone, 

" Sciant priefentes et futiiri quod ego V/illielmus filius Otonis con.ceffi et Iiac 
niea carta contirmavi Deo et ecclefise Sci Egidii de Bernewell et canonicis ejufd* 
]oci advocationem eccte de Bertona in Ketltevene qiiam Radulphus de Watervill 
avunculus uxoris mese Matildas eis donavit et Matilda de Diva mater ejufdem 
Matilda uxoris me^ carta lua eis confirmavit. His teftibus ; Hugone de Diva, 
"Roberto Guz, Willielmo de Ears, Baldewino de Sco Georgio, Siveftro perfona 
de Ceft. (q. Cheftertcn). . . . , de Whitfand, Roberto de Chantelu, Richardo 
filio Wiliiclmi, Symone filio Willielmi, Willielmo de Chaune." Ex autog' in coll. 
regali Cantab. Mon. Ang. 11. 31. To this deed was probably appendant the feal 
engraved in the Hiflory of the Spalding Society, in our N° XX. p. 63. 

Carta Afcelinae de Watervilla. 
Afcelina de Watervilla omnibus hominibus et amicis fuis Francis et Anglis tatri 
prslcntibus (]uam futuris falutem. Noverit univerfuas veftra me conceiriile et hac 
mea carta confirnialTe Deo et ecclefix fanfti Egidii de Bernevvelle et canonicis ejuf- 
dem loci donationem fratris mei Radulfi de Watervilla quam fecit eidem ecclefias 
et canonicis de advocatione ecclelia; de Bertone in Ketltevene, et carta fua eis 
confirmavit: volo ergo ut earn habeant quantum ad me et hceredes meos pertinet 
libere et quiete in puram elemoCnam pro falute animje mes et pro-animabus ante- 
celTorum meorura et pro anima prienomin.^ti Radulfi fratris mei, quem bona et 
pura devotione ptcEdiftam donationem eis fecifle novi. His teftibus: Radulfo facer- 
dote de Hingitflitunc, Martino facerdote de Berdeks, Radulfo de Diva, Luca de BauSj 
Johanne Baubedor, Radulfo de Tiehemers, Radulfo piftore, et multis aliis. lb. 

Carta Matildes de Diva. 

Matildis de Diva omnibus horn' et amicis luis Francis et Anglis tarn prsefen- 
tibus quam futuris falutem. Noverit univerfuas veftra me conceillfe et hac carta 
mea confirmafle Deo et ecdefie Sti Egidii de Bcrnewelle et canonicis ejufdem loci 
donationem fratris mei Radulfi de VValtervilla quam fecit eidcm ecclefie et ca- 
nonicis de advocatione ecclefie de Bertone in Ketltevene, et carta fua confirmavit, 
volo ergo, &c. Iliis teltibus : Radulfo facerdote de HengftitoHj &c. Ibid. 

^ Lei. Coll. L 630. ex regiftro. 

K 2 De 

68 " THE H I S T O R r AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S 

De falda in Maddingle, Pat. i Ed. II. p. 2. m. 3. vol. IV. 
Cart. 2 Ed. II. n. 36. Brev. in Scacc. 6 Ed. II. Pafch. Rot. Pat. 
6 E. II. p. 2. in. 21. Pat. 17 E. II. p. 2. m. 9. d. 
- The prior and convent had tenements without Alderfgate \ 

Robert Fidburn, 1276, 4 E. I. gave feme itone houies op- 
.pofite St.- Sepulchre's church in Cambridge to the canons of 
,Barnwell ". 

For extents of all their lands, fee Efc. Cart. 5 E. III. art. 97, 
Pat. I 2 E. 111. p. I. m. Efc. Cart. 17 E. III. n. 79. 

The polieirions of this priory are thus ftated in a return of 
the jury compofed of the towniVnen of Cambridge, 3 Ed. I. 

*' The prior and canons of Barnewell held their place and- 
the fite of their conventual church, containing 13 acres and 
upwards, Sec. by grant of Sir Payne Peuerellj knt. their founder 
and patron. They have within and without the town three ca- 
rucates of land and upwards, and los. rent, for which they 
pay to the lords of the fee, 8cc. and the king's bailiff of Cam- 
bridge, who held the faid town in fee farm of our lord the 
king, for lagable and langable^ viis. 

They hold a fmall part by the gift of feveral perfons in frank 
almoigne, and fome by purchafe, &c. of which, earl David 
gave them 2 acres before the door of their church for iiiid, 
yearly rent. 

Countefs Maud gave them two acres in frank almoigne. A 
certain perfon named Picot vicccomes gave them a certain place 
iii the town of Cambridge, where now ftands the church of 
St. Giles by the Caftle, and the fiiid canons lived there 20 
years, till Pain Peverell removed them from their place to Barn- 
well, where they now live. 

' Pat. 36 Ed. HI. p. I. m. 11. Par. 43 E. III. p. 2. m.37. 

' Parker's Hiftory of Cambridge, from a MS. in the Cotton Library. 


O F B A R N W E L L A B D E Y. 6^ 

The .faid canons have alfo by gift o^ Dtmiggy great grand- - 
father of Hervey Dunigg, and Maud his wife, 50 acres of 
land in the fields on the other fide of the bridge, and by 
gift of JllketU 50 acres of land in frank ahiioigne, faving the 
leagable of the lord the king, which they pay annvially to the . 
king's bailiff, as is before included in the grofs fum of Iviis.: 

They have by gift of the faid Hervey 3 meflliages in Gam- 
bridge near the market-place, and two more meffiiages which 

Henry Lifwes z.i\A Robert ie held at the rent aforefaid. of . 

Iviis. fubje6l to leagable. 

They have 20 acres of the fee of the prior of Ely, by gift 
of Willmm Fitz Baldwin Blamigrimn, with a meffuage and two 
marks yearly rent ; and the faid prior anfwered for them forr 
hagable to the king's bailiffs of Cambridge, but by which warrant : 
the prior of Ely claimed they know not. . 

They have by gift of the faid William 72 acres of land, and 1 
a whole meffuage which Ralph Fitz Guido holds of them in 
Bridge-fireet, Sec. and pays the grofs fum of Iviis. beforemen- - 
tioned for hagable. 

They have by gift of Thomas Toylet xxiiii acres of land, of. 
the fee of Baldwin Blaregernum. 

They have by gift of William de Wyflienden by the hands .- 
of the bailif of Cambridge xs. yearly rent. 

They have by gift of Acius Frere 3 mefiliages, and the te* 
nement in the occupation of Reginald Alicon, and 6 acres of the 
fee of Baldwin Blaregernum, S:c. for the foul of Acius '. 

They have by gift of John de Kalays and Baid his wife, ,xl ■; 
acres in Cambridge -field, and the v.'hole fervice of mailer Hugh ': 

' Two priefls were to fay mafs for ever in the alcnonry chapel, dedicated to St. 
Hugh, one for the foul of Thomas Tiiylct,*he other for the foul of Acius J rere, vvhofe • 
bodies were buried in the faid chapel, whicli Acius Frere bought at his own ex- - 
pence, and gave lands and houfes to the cmons of Barnwell and to the almonry, 
Thomas Tuylet gave them 60 acres of land in the aelds of Cambridge. LeL Coll. . 
I, 6i7, ex regiftro Barnwell. 

Nut tale, u 


Nuttole and 17 others, Src. for which the faid canons pay 
yearly to the king, during the refpecftive lives'of John and Baid, 
two corrodees of two canons and one Iree fervant, and xls. 
llerling every year, and 5000 triifes fi)r firing, and 3 cart loads 
of litter; and if Richard le Waleys, fon of the faid Bafil and 
Matilda his After, furvive the faid John and Bafil, then the prior 
and canons were to pay 8s. a year, and 2 carodees. 

They have two w'indmills, but they are raifed on their own 
foil ' ; and they cannot compel " any perfoas to grind there, not 
even their own tenants. 

The faid prior and canons have for patron ^ of their church 
of Barnwell Gilbert Peche ^, by defcent from heir to heir from 
the time of Payn Peverell, their founder and patron. Leonius 
Dnning holds one meffuage cum pertiif in the parilli of St, 
Giles, Cambridge, which were to pafs by defcent on the death 
of Adam Duning his father. William Adam bought the faid 
meffuage of Nich. Weigell, who held it by long fucceffion of 
his anceftors, and holds the horfe-mill in Cambridge, paying 
for the meiTuage 8d. and for the mill 6d. to the faid prior and 
the heir of Walter de Sir Edmund ^ . 

Chefterton was given to them by Henry I. a. r. II. in as ample 
a manner as king John had leafed it to them, at^ 30I. per ann. 
fee-farm rent, which leafe was now made perpetual by that 
annual payment, fo that he and his fucceiTors were for ever 
acquitted from the annuity of lol. which that king had given 
them in frank almoigne for ever out of the faid manor, which 
had view of frank pledge now coniirmed to exempt it from 
the hundred and flieriflF''." 

' I.cvata funt de fuo proprio folo. 
' Aretarc. ^ Advccatum. * 

■* He died 19 Edw. I. 
Mon. Ang. II. 30. ex Rot. hund. pro c. Cantab', in turre Lond. 


'* BJom. C. C. p. 220. See before, p. ij 

I The 


The prior and his tenants in Cheflerton were acquitted of- 
tallage by the judgements of the king's courts '. 

William Kilkenny, bifliop of Ely, who died 1256, left ta- 
this priory 200 marks, for founding two divinity exhibitions at 
Cambridge. This Mr. Baker fuppofes to have been one of the . 
firit endowments for exhibitions ^ 

In the extents of lands belonging to the honor of Richmond, . 
in the county of Yiork, held by landholders in the county of. 
Cambridge, the pnor of Barnwell held in the town of Toft, 
-of the laid f^e and.t;he hem of iybr'.cle Nevill, 4 virgates of- 
land in frank,. worth Lxd. of which he paid to the 
guard of Richmond caftle xxiiid. He held alfo in the town of 
Brtinne, by the fame tenure, 7, acres, ~ worth iiis. 6cl. for which 
he paid nothing. He- held ,aIffo in the town of Caldecot half 
an acre of land in frank aiaioign, worth 7s. 6d. without any 
dedudion \ 

Of their, lands in Dry Draiton, fee Plac. in com. Cant. 27 
Ed. L Rot. 9. d. Rot. 15. Rot. 17. 29 Ed. I. Affif. Rot. 26. 

Richard King, of Wyfb'ich, in the ifle of £ly, and Agnes 
his wife, by a deed of gift, bearing date 13 Auguft, 19 Henry 
Vil. gave to the convent of .Barnwell, the Falcon, in Cambridge, 
et aliam vacuam plateam voc' le Plough, lying towards the gate 
of the Friars Preachers in Cambridge, and alfo one tenement, with 

' BaronibiK pro priore de Eernewell. Rex conceffit eidem quod ipfe et homines 
fui de Ceftretun dc cetero quieti fine de taillagio reciindum quod invenitur. in rotulo 
regis J. XVI, non obftante lolatione taillagii fafti ad fcaccarium anno 8 ec 9 ejul'd' 
regis J. de quo taillagio idem prior et homines fui de Lleiiretun quieti i'unr per 
cartam fu3m quam rex infpexit et p-r coniidcrationem cunse regis. Mcmor.- 25 
Hen. III. rot. 7. b. Rladox's Hiftory of the Exchequer, 622. . 

* Concerning Clieftreton fee Infpex. 5 Hen. 111. m. S. and 10 Fin. 8 Hen. III. m. 9. 
Clauf. II Hen. til. m. 17, 18. Plac. coram rege, 2 Hen.V. Rot. 15. de conlueiu- 
dinibus tenentium in Cheftretone. Par. 5 Hen..V. m. 7.,Pat. i Edw. IV.p. 3. m. 10. 

^ " Item dicunt quod prior de Barnwelle taiet in villa deTcfl, dcfeodo pia:- 
didloet hsered' Albr' de Nevil), mi viVgat' terr?e in elemol', ct valent ixs. inde 
folv'ad ward' Rich' xxiiid-. Idem prior tenet in viUa de Brmme, de eadem tenur' vii 
acr' quae valenc^iiis. vid. pro quibus nihil reddit. Iteni enet in villa de Ca/dcei 
dim' virgat' terra; elemof quss. valet vus. vid. et nil inde reddit." Reg. Honoris de 
^'•'hmond. Appendix, p. 36, 

a dove-. 


:'a dove-honfe and garden adjoining, fituate in Cambridge, butting 
-towards the ftreet called Fryers Preachers-lane; and alfo 28 
. acres of arable land lying difperfedly in the fields of Cambridge 
and Barnwell, upon cdndition that they Ihould, according to his 
.iall will and teftament, every year, upon the Friday in the firft 
weeic in Lent, celebrate there a requiem in a folemn manner in the 
choir of their church, finging a dirige, &c. and on the next 
day faying a folemn- mafs for the fouls of the faid Richard 
King, and Alice his wife, daughter and heir of Alice Baldwin, 
alias Alice Rayfon, the wife of John Rayfon, and for the fouls 
of the parents of the faid John and Alice, and any of their 
brethren and filters that had been benefadors to them; and 
for the fouls of the parents of the faid Richard King, and \\\% 
and their benefactors; and alfo of all the faithful deceafed ; 
that the prior of Barnwell, or, in his abience, the fub- 
prior, and the convent, Ihall meet at the time and in the 
place mentioned, and celebrate their obfequies as above, with 
tapers burning, and bells ringing : that the prior, if prefent, 
fhould every year receive i6d. and every other canon in 
priefts orders prefent, finging and duely praying, as above, 
provided they do not exceed the number of 12 priefts, fliall have 
each 8d. and every other canon not in priefts orders^ if prefent, 
not exceeding five, fliall have each 4d.; and for the ufe and 
waite of tapers,, or candles, ftanding lighted upon and about the 
liearfe, during the Iblemnity, the prior and ofiiciary of the faid 
monaftery lliall every year haye 3s. and the clerk of the faid 
church, being prefent, and knolling the bells, fliall have every 
year 4d. ; and the prjor, or his deputy, fliall diftribute to every 
perfon prefent a halfpenny loaf and two herrings, as far as ten 
ihillings would go, and no farther. And he alfo in his laid 
will appointed, that the mafter of Mich' Koufe in Cambridge, 
•or one of the fellows deputed by him, to be prefent upon the 
. iaid accafions, to overfee the due oblervance and performance 



of the exequies aforefaid by the convent, for which he ordered 
that he fhould receive 2s. every year for his pains ; and that 
he fhould have his breakfaft at the prior's table ; and alfo that the 
faid mafter's fervant, if he brought one with him, fliould break- 
faft with the prior's fervant ; all which expences were to be 
paid out of the rents and profits aforefaid. And he ordered 
further by his will, that if the prior and convent were negligent 
or remifs in performing the ceremonies upon the anniverfary of 
his death, as aforefaid, they fliould, when the faid neglect, &c. 
had been legally proved before the bifhop or advocate of Ely, 
for the firft time, forfeit to the mafter and fellows of Mich' 
Houfe, 36s. 8d. for the fecond, 40s. for the third, 50s. for 
the 4th, 3I. for the 5th, 5 marks, and for the 6th, the whole 
eltate fliould go to Mich' Houfe, who were to perform the fame 
ceremonies, and at the fame time, in St. Michael's church in 
Cambridge, for which the mafter of the college (if prefent at 
the folemnity), or, in his abfence, his deputy, fliould receive 
led. and 12 fellows, if prefent, 8d. each, and 5 other fcholars 
of the college, if prefent 4d. each ; and, if at the faid time of 
the anniverfary, there were not 1 2 fellows and 5 fcholars in 
the faid college, that then the parts of fo many as were wanting 
fliould be diftributed amongft the mafter and what fellows and 
fcholars were then prefent. And the faid mafter muft lay out 
in lights, upon the faid occafion, 3s. and pay to the parifti 
clerk for knolling the bells 6d. and that he fliould diftribute 
amongft pauperes fcolares^ mendicant es^ vel quaji mendicantes 
babent : tantum %d. pro vi^iualibus Juis pro feptimana los. in eos 
equaliter dividend'' fmgulis annuis in perpeiuum : and the re- 
mainder of the rents and profits of the faid eftate fliould go to- 
wards the repairs of the faid college. And he alfo appointed 
one monk of Ely, or any other honeft graduate prefljyter, to be 
appointed by the prior of Ely, to be prefent at, and diligently 

I^ overfee 


overfee whether the fdid mafier and fellows were not negligent 
or rernifs in the obfervation of the faid anniverfary ; and that he 
fhould receive 2S. for his pains. And if the faid mafter, S:c. 
were remifs, they fliould for the firfl: time (upon the neglect 
being duly proved before the bifliop of Ely, or his archdeacon) 
forfeit to the prior and convent of Ely, 36s. 8d. for the fecond, 
40s. for the third, 50s. for the fourth, 3I. for the fifth, 5 marks, 
and for the fixth, the whole eftate fliould go to the faid prior 
and convent for ever, to the ufes and behoof of fuch office as 
fliould have the moil need of it in the faid monalfery, to pray 
for the fouls of the perfons above-mentioned for ever '. 

Part of the Will of Richard Kynge, of Wyfbyche. 1504. 

'< I give and bequeath unto the prior and convent of Barnwell, 
in the diocefe of Ely, my houfe in Petycury in Cambrige, called 
the Fawcon, with all manner of lands and appurtenances thereto 
belonging, under thys condycyon ; that the faid prior and con- 
vent fliall put their commen feale to the indentures made by 
thadvyfe and cownfcU of John Purgold and William Nelfon, 
betwixt the faid prior and convent and me, of and for a yerely 
obyte to be kept at Barnwell, for my foule or other my frendys 
foullys. And yf the fayd piior and convent at the requeft of 
myne executors wythin named, doo not put the commen feale 
to the faid indentur, &c. then I bequeath and gyve my faid houfe 
in Petycury, with all my landys and thappurtenaunces thereto 
belongyng, unto the mailers and fellowys of Sain6t Mighell's 
College, in Cambryge, fo that the faid maifter and fellowys put 
heir comen feale to the indenture as above is vvryttyn, and alfo 
kepe my yerelye obyte according to the fame indenture, S^c/" 

' Ex antiq. charta quatripart. fadt. inter executorcs didli Richardi Prioris de 
Bernwdl, et Ely, et magiftrum domus Mich, penes Tiin. Coll. 

^ Ely Regr. Wed. The date is wanting to this will ; but by the indenture men- 
tioni'd in it, and referred to, it muft be made in the years 1503 or 1504; becaufe 
the faid indenture bears date the 19th of Henry Vll, which was 1504. Note, 
That this will was made in the time of bifliop Redman, though in Well's regiftcr. 
Sec the faid indenture, i;age39^. 



Alexander Rannaw gave to the parifli of Great St. Mary, in 
Cambridge, 1648, a rent of 40s. ovU of White Horfe tenement 
in Barnwell, 20s. for his anniverfary fermon on Sunday after 
Candlemas- day, and 20s. to be distributed to the poor in bread 
the day after '. 

Leland faw in the Library of this priory, 

Chronica Hugonis de S. Vidoria, beginning, Fili Sapientt'a 
^hefaurus eft. 

Epiftols! Symmachi. 

Prometicus Alex. Necham, carmine profa i'ntermixta, begin- 
ning, Sponte Jua genius pater. 

Elias Rubeus, Tripelaunenfis contra inanent nobilitatem. 

Epirtolce varise Caffiodori. 

Chronicon a Nino ad Cosfarem et a Caefare ad Ludovrcum 
Caroli magni filium, beginning, AJfyriorum igitur rex, 

Chronicon, whofc prologue began, Annum ab ea die qua 
Tetrus % 

Of the conventual church and its buildings it is now im- 
poffible to form any idea ; all that remains being only the fprings 
of fome arches, probably of the cloifter, and the precindl wall. 

Perfons buried in their church. 
Eva, mother of Gilbert Peche, patron ^ 

In the Lady chapel, which was dedicated 1334* 
Maud Picot ^ 

' Blomefield, Coll. Cantab, p. 98. * Coll. HI. 15. 

' A. D. 1489. Obiit dns Th' Cheyne, miles, qut dedit pro fepultura fua 10 lib- 
et priori 6s. 8d. et cuilibet canonico, 3s. 4d. 

1489, Meni' Novembr', obiit mag' Ric' Brocher, Th' Bac' et redor de Land- 
beche, qui dedit opus domus et inter can' diftribuend' xxs. 

■* 1496. Obiit mag' Jolies Lcfryngton, 2 cal' Decembr', cujus anime propicietur 

7 In 


'^ In 1469, John Hbre of Bernwell was buried in the priory 
church, and gave to the parifli church of St. Andrew, in Bern- 
,\vell, in Cambridge, a fervice-book called a portifory; and in 
1466, Margaret Hore his widow was buried in the church of 
the nuns of St. Radegund, in Cambridge, now Jefus college 
chapel, where her daughter Emma was then a nun '. 


The fmall parochial chapel of St. Andrew in Barnwell is 

tiled, and has one fmall bell in a low wooden turret. 

At the Eaft end is a free-ftone over Mr. Nicholas Butler, 
t)uried Feb. i, 1686. 

A marble over Mr. Charles Butler, 1 5th child of Dr. John 
and Mrs. Sufan Butler, 1669. 

Ambrofe Butler, efq; died Mar. 11, 1685. 

Hie jacet Johannes Buderde Gorton, in com. Leic. gener. fepultus Sept. 22, KS69. 
^ Refurgemus. 


mortalitatis fuas reliquias 

depofuit Neville Butler, 

generofus, vir ut acri judicio 

ac fapientia'fingulnri ornatifllmus 

ita vita et moribus integerrimus : 

qui nemini unquam injurius 

religionem finceritate, familiam 

diligentia, conjugem fide, 

liberos amore, amices benevolentia, 

atque omhes humanitate colere 

Temper fluduit. Vixit an. Ixvi 

obiic die xiv Martii, A. D. mdclxxiv. 

Mr. Nicholas Buder was buried on the ift of Feb. i686. 

Mrs. Cicely, the fole wife 
of Mr. Neville Butler, 
by whom ihe had fevcn fons 
and feven daughters : 
was buried here on the 
23d of Feb. 1693. 

' ' Bloraefield, Coll. Cantab, p. 168—179. 



Hie jacet Cecilea Folkingham 

Neville Butler generofi filia natu 

tenia, Nicolai Folkingham, A. M. uxor 

chariffima ; finguiari vita probitate 

ac fuaviflimis moribus ornata, qua; 

poftquam peperat filias tres, 
Elizabetham, Ceciliam, Margaretam, 
diuturna tandem tabe abfumpta fu- 
premum vitae diem explevit 21"° 
Martii 1679. Et trifte li'.i defiderium 
apud maritum, liberos, propinquos, 
amicofque reliquit. 

On a flat ftone at the fide of the north feat, 


Mrs. Sufanna 
Mrs. Elizabeth 
Mrs. Cicily 
Mr, William 

Butler, born 

Apr. ID, 1686, died 7th, 

May, 12, 1688, 9th, 

Jan. 6, 1690, i8th, 

Oa. 13, 1694, 19th, 

Of the fmall-pox, April, 1696. 

The Lord giveth, and the Lord taketh away, blefled be the name of the Lord. 




The village of Barnwell ftands about half a mile eaft of Cam- 
bridge, and the chapel (being j^art of the antient priory, of 
which we have already treated at large) ftands about the middle 
of the village ; which is wholly fituate in Preachers Ward. 

Though this may feem all to be but one parilh, it is compofed 
of three, viz. Little St. Andrew's, or Barnwell aforefaid, Holy 
Trinity, and St. Benedict's (in Cambridge), for they have each 
inhabitants living in the faid village ; and fome of the houfes 
belonging to Trinity parifh are fituate neareft the chapel of any 
in the village. 

The Holy Trinity, "i hath in the village r 7"), ^ 
St. Benedict, J of Barnwell. [T^oj 

In this parifh (excluding the other two) are 48 houfes (of 
which two are public ones), and 205 fouls. 

It is charged annually towards the land-tax the fum of 2 3 61. 
17s. 4d. when at four fliillings in he pound, and 177I. 13s, 
when at three fliillings. 

This parifh is a peculiar, being a donative ; and though it 
fends no copy of the parilh rcgifter to the bifliop's office at this 
time, yet it formerly did. 

This village hath often been reduced by fire ; but the laft, 
which happened on September 30, 1731, confumed a great part 
thereof. The fire was fo very fierce, that the engine, which was- 
carried thither to extinguifli it, was deftroyed therewith ; for 
getting it into a farm-yard, furrounded with houfes and barns,, 
the fire fpread fo faft, that the people could fcarcely get out with- 
out being burnt ; nay, fome were very much fcorched, in en^ 
deavouring to make their cfcape. 

A P P E N- 




*' Jacobus Dardiclnus canonicus Troperienfis in legibus licentlatus aplice camere 
et clericus, ejufdemque fedis nuncius in Anglia et colledlor, &c. Johanni eplfcopo 
Elienfis faUitem, defiring him to cite the underwritten perlbns ; and if they do not 
appear and pay their arrears, to fequefter the income of their benefices to pay their 
arrears to the pope. 

In 1394 the priors of Ely and Bernwell for arrears of that year. 

1400. The fame priors and the prior of Anglefey for procurations. 

14 1 4. The prior of Bernwell for arrears that year. Blomf. ex regiftro Fordham 
epi Elienf. 

Bifhop Fordham directing his mandate to John Judde, official, to cite all patrons, 
Sec. to give in a certificate of all the benefices that belong to their patronage, and 
whether they are taxed or not, and of what condition they are, in order to raife a 
tenth for the King, they were cited to appear in St. John Baptift's church at Cam- 
bridge, and did fo accordingly, and gave in their certificates. 

John Bernwell, prior of Bernwell, certified that they were patron of Byton 
red'ory. Line. dioc. val. per annum. xx marc. 

Ecclefia Sanfti Edri Cantab, vicar, val. x marc, per annum. 

Sand;i Sepulchri vicar. c marc. 





caria de Madingle val. 

c. de Cumberton 

c. de Caldecote 

c. de Brunne 

c. de Crawden 

c. de Tadelovv 

c. de Mordon 

c. de Hynxton 

c. de Harlefton 

c. de Waterbeche 

c. de Warden Lond, dioc. 


VIII marc. 





X marc. 
X marc. 


Reg. Fordham, f. 136. a. b. 
In a taxation before 1200, pen. T. Martin, the prior of Bernwell, was taxed 4d. 
for a rent in Ryfeby, in Thinge deanry, in the county of Suffolk:. 

The Preacher's ward in Cambridge, from the Dolphin Gate and the lane's end 
over againfl it, unto the town's end beyond Emanuel College, taking that fide of 
Jefus Lane next Sidney College, with all Barnwell watcheth and wardeth for itfelf. 
The common watch and ward for this ward is Wall's Lane, the lane next beyond 
Chrifts College, Emanuel College Lane, Birdbolt Lane, and the Town's End. 
Spalding's Colkdions. 

In the high gable rental of Cambridge is land late the prior of Barnwell's, lux s. lb. 
The Crofs Keys in Barnwell, late in the tenure of Thomas Wendy, efq; leafe 
100 years, at 1 1, lb. 

M z Among 


Among the perfons charged with pontage for repairs of the great bridge at 
Canibridge, are tenants of lands in Barton, late belonging to the late monaftery of 
Barnwell for 2 hides and | in Barton. 

Bona Prioris de Bernevvell. 
In Bcrnewellc XLViiit. xis. viii d. ob. 

In Berton xiiil. xvis. viiid. 

In Ciimberton xs. vid. 

In Cheftrelone lvijiI. iis. iid. 

De quibus folvit dornino regni per ann. XLit. & fic remanet xvlil, iiis. nd* 

In Maddyngle xixl. xiiis. mid. 

In Drayton mil. mis. iind. 

In Brunne xixl. xiis. viiid. 

In Hafelynfeld mis. 

In Toft ixl. viis. iid. 

In Wyvelyngham xiid. 

In Caldecote XLvms. xd.. 
. In Trumpeton xms. 
« In Feveriham ms. imd. 

In Meldebourne iiis. 

In Wynepol xxiis. 

In Wyttlefye xiiiis. 

In Harlelton xms. 

In Bowefworth 11 s. vid. 

In Pyncote us. vid. 

In Hokyton xxis. mid. 

In Stanton Michael, xiis.. 

In Impyngton lxviis. 

In Landbech Liiiil. IIS. vid. 

In Gritton vs. vid. 

In Herdevvyk xs. xd. 

In Kyngefton xviis. 

In Everefdon xs, vid. 

In Wyttlesford xxs. 

In Stonwe ixs. vnd. obi 

Jn Cranden vius. 

In Barnton xiis. 

In Cotcnham vis. viid. 

In Rampton vis. 

In Bcrnafton lus. 

In Ryfeby iid. 

In Gruele and Che^ith xxis. Yid. 

In Howes vis. vid. 

Summa fummarurH ~ cLsvil. vins. viid. 

From Blonifield's Collea:. Cantab. MS. 



Spiritualia Prioris de Bernewelle. 

Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia de Hokyton xxvis. viiid. 

Cotenham xxs. 

Sandi And. de Hyflon. xls. 

Ecclefia de Maddynglc appropriatur eidem xil. vis. viiid. 
Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia de Rampton xLvil. viiis. 

Landbech xxl. 

Midelton lxviI, viiis. 

Ecclefia de Waterbeche appropriatur eidem xiiil. vis. viiid. 
Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia Santti Edward Canteb. indecl' i marc. 

Sandi Betulphi indecl' luis. mid. 

S?ndti John indecl' xxs. 

Ecclefia omnium San£torum ad caftrum appropriatur eidem mil. xiiis. iiiid:. 

Sanfti Egidii vil. xiii s. iiiid. 

CapcUa de Bernewelle appropriatur eidem xxs. 

Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia Sandli Sepulchri Cant. vis. viiid. 

Ecclefia de Gilden Morden appropriatur eid. xxxl. 

Cranden xiiil. vis. viiid. 

Taddelowe xiiil. vis. viiid. 

Caldecote viiil. 

Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia de LoUewurth xvs. 
Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia de Hungri Hattele vs. 
Ecclefia de Brunne appropriatur eidem xxviiil. 
Porcio ejufdfm in ecclefia de Kyngefton xls. 

Toft XL s. Mr. Dr. Barnwell *;. 
Berton mis. 
Cotes iiiis. 
Hafelyngfeld xxiiiis. 
Wynepol . Mr. Marjhall -j~. 
Ecclefia de Cumberton appropriatur eidem xxl, 
Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia de Trumpeton xxvi 1. viiis. 
Ecclefia de Harleflon appropriatur eidem xiiil. vis. viiid. 
Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia de N. Stowe, xls. 

Suafham monial. cxvl. 
Pampeworth, xxiis. 
Ecclefia de Hurgerton appropriatur xiiil. vis. viiid. 
Porcio ejufdem in ecclefia de Botehefham us. 

Lynton vs. 
Summa totalis ccvl. xiis. mid. 

Et Summa porcionum /da 16 icI. , , , 

appropriat' - 162 15 6]'" ^ ^^^e hand,- 

* Thefe two names written in a very late hand. 
% This fum is doubtful. 



In the tax on wool, 15 ant1 i6 Edvv. III. of which fee Stowe, p 2'?R. 23?. the 
reftorv of thechar=lof terefbrig at Barnwell \>as rated at 5s. f^d. (MS. Blomf.') 
In the axatio honor Ibt Sc tempi, in rhe archdeaconries of Siiffolk and Sudbury, 
1436, in Fordham deanry, reiSior de Bernewell Sanfte Marie ;{'5. 6s. 8 d. 
Clare deanry- 
Prior de Bernewelle 2|d. 
iPrior de Bernewelle temporal. 2 s. 4d, 

z|d. in Wrattyng magno, (lb.) 


'^ O F B A R N W E L i: A B B E T. S31 

The two following advertifements, relative to the privileges of 

the inhabitants of Barnwell, are thought worth preferving 

in a hiftory of that town. 


July 2-, 1785. 
" THE inhabitants are requefted to meet at the Town-hall, on Monday next, at 
twelve o'clock in the forenoon, to confider of the fteps neccffary to be taken to 
prevent the damages and expences incurred by Mr. Alderman Bond, in his Cow 
Caufe with the Commoners of the Hamlet of Barnwell, being paid by the different 
parilhes of this town. 

Cambridge, Ju/y 25, 1785. 
THE inhabitants of this town having been defired, by an anonymous hand-bill, 
to meet at the Town-hall, this day at twelve o'clock, on the bufinefs of the luic 
commenced in Alderman Bond's name, to try ibeir right of common on Stirbridge 
Fair Green ; Mr. Bond thinks it incumbent on him to ftate the following fadts, 
firft observing, that every Freeman, on his admiffion^ takes an oath to preferve the 
Common Rights belonging to the town. 

Frequent complaints having been made, by the inhabitants near Barnwell, that 
Mr. BuUen had impounded their cows from Stirbridge Fair Green, they were re- 
ferred to the Mayor, fenior Alderman, and Town Clerk, as being the moft compe- 
tent to determine whether their claim of common right was juftly founded.. The 
opinion of thefe gentlemen was, that the inhabitants of Cambridge had an undoubted 
right, it having been fo fettled by an Award between the Prior of Barnwell and 
the town of Cambridge, which Award,, together with the covenant Bond, was theit. 
in the corporation cheft. 

On the 4th of June, 1783, Mr. Bullen having impounded Mr. Bond's cow, with 
feveral others, the late Alderman Tunwell, at that time Mayor, with the advice 
and confent of another juflice of the town, took the matter up as a bufinefs that 
concerned the whole torvn, and gave directions to the town clerk, to replevy in Mr. 
Bond's name ; and at the next general quarter feffions held in July, th& following 
order was made : 

" Whereas foine dlfputes have arifen, touching the Tntercommon cf Stirbridge.- 
Fair Green, between the Commoners of Cambridge, and thole of Barnwell withm 
the faid town, and a fuit hath been inftituted in order to try the right of the faid 
Common : It is this day agreed and ordered, that the cofts of fuch (uit on the 
part of the faid town of Cambridge, touching the faid intercommon, be paid and 
borne by the faid town ; and that the Town Clerk be defired to profecute the faid-. 
fuit, to aifert the right of the inhabitants of the faid town to the faid common." 

e SoiJies.- 

§4 11 I STORY AND A N T I QJJ I T I E S, &c. 

Some time in the enfuing fummcr, Mr. J. Bullcn, accompanied with Alderman 
Follow, called on Mr. Bond, dcfiring the matter in dilpute might be fettled by 
.irbitratior. Mr. Bond told them, that for his own part he had no objeftion, but 
^s the matter was of a public nature, he could not agree without the confent of the 
Juftices, who had taken it up ; that he fliould meet them the following evening, 
when he would lay the propoiition before them. The opinion of the Juftices was, 
that, as the claim of common right materially concerned the zvhole town, it ought 
to be legally determined. 

About Augufl: lafl, at a common day, the award and covenant bond above- 
mentioned, were brought out of the chefl: into the hall to be examined, after 
which two junior Aldermen were ordered to replace them in the chefl, agreeable 
to the cuftom of the corporation. 

About ten days before the lafl March Affizes, the Town Clerk gave notice of 
trial, and ajiplied to the Mayor, who keeps the keys of the corporation chefl, for 
the award and covenant bond, which upon fearch were not to be found, though 
they had been examined fo lately as the Augufl preceding. U])on this very extra- 
ordinary bufmefs, the Recorder was confulted, who was of opinion, that as the 
award and covenant bond, by which the common right ivuji have been ejiablijhedy 
was fo unaccountably mifling, notice of trial fhould be countermanded. The 
Juftices concurre.i in opinion with him ; and the Town Clerk, by tbeir dirediions, 
gave orders accordingly. 

This being a ftate of fafts, which cannot be controverted ; Mr. Bond appeals to 
the unprejudiced part of the inhabitants of Cambridge, whether, in a bufmcfs 
which was firft taken up and continued upon public grounds, to try the right df 
the -whole town to the common in queflion, it is confiftcnt with equity or reafon, 
that the expences (hould fall on the individual, who was only the nominal plaintiff 
in this bufinefs. On the ftrange difappearing of the bond and azvard he forbears to 
make any obfervation, as that is a matter which fpeaks for itfelf. His fole view 
in the whole bufinefs was to eftablifli thofe common rights which he, as well as 
everv other Freeman, is fworn to preferve ; and he has not a doubt but this would 
have been done, and the prcfent expence avoided, if the award and covenant bond 
had not been thus unaccountably tvithheld from the Town Clerk. 


p. 40. 1. 16. For " Grey" r. " Guy." 
r. 4.3. 1. 28. For " he" r. " the hnrgeiles." 
P. 66. 1. II. Dec " Treiiipington." 
.App^;ndix, to Banuvtll, p. 32. 1. antep. r. " Holbroke." 

r. 46. I. 12. 16. r. " the Tunne lake. 
53. r intercommoners. 

J. 47. I. 12. r, 53s. 3d. 



To faeep.I.of^AppenJut 


C t 3 

INSCRIPTIONS on "Three large Tablets^ on the South Side 
of the Chancel of Barnwell Church. 

In Memory of fuch of his Anceflors and other Relations as are 
dead and are here named) this Monument zvas ereBed by ] hco^ 
Butler, Efquire^ pref en t Owner of this EJJ ate, A. D. 1736. 

Table I. 

THOMAS BUTLER, of Greys-Inn, London, Efq; Bar- 
rirter at Law, fucceeded his father Nicholas in his eftate at 
Orwell, in this county. He married Mary daughter of Sir William 
Dethick, Knt. of Poplar, near London, by whom he had Nevile- 
Alexander, Thomas, Jane, Mary, and Joan. He was buried in 
the chancel of Orwell, by his father Nicholas, Feb. i, 162 1. 

Ambrofe Aglionby, Efq; hereafter mentioned, vvas buried in 
the chancel of Orwell, Nov. 22, 1651. 

John Butler, gent, of Leicefterfliire, was buried here Sept. 
22, 1669. 

Edward, fon of Dr. John Moore, late Bifliop of Ely, by Rofe 
his wife, daughter of Mr. Nevile-Alexander Butler, hereafter 
mentioned, was buried here March g, 1 690. 

Nevile, fon of Nevile Butler, now of Sandon in Hertford- 
fhire, gent, was buried here June 13, 1720. 

Mrs. Butler, wife of Nevile Butler, gent, of Sandon, afore- 
faid, was buried here, Jan. 14, 1723. 

Mrs. Bodendike, widow of Mr. Jacob Bodendike, of St. 
Martin's Le Grand, London, goldfmith, and mother to the 
widow of the rev. Dr. Butler hereafter mentioned, was buried 
here Nov. 5, 1729, aged 92 years. 

B The 


The rev. Mr. William Butler, fon of Dr. John Butler, curate 
of this chapel ; and of Cliff in Kent, where he died, and was 
buried in the church-yard there by his own defire, May 22, 1727, 
aged 31 years. 

Mr. Benjamin Butler, another of the fons of Dr. Butler, died 
at London, and was buried here October 22, 1731, aged 36 years. 

Table II. 

T<levile- Alexander Butler, gent= Attorney at Law, fon of 
Thomas Butler aforefaid, Efq; fucceeded him in his eftate at 
Orwell. He married Cicely, daughter of Ambrofe Aglionby, of 
the Inner Temple, London, Efq; one of the Fellows and mod 
antient Barrifters of that honourable Society, bv whom he had 
feven fons and Icven daughters ; (viz.) Thomas, Margaret, 
Ambrofe, Humphry, Mary, Cicely, John, Nicholas, Rofe, William, 
William, Jane, Elizabeth, and a daughter Itill-born ; all buried 
at Orwell. 

The faid Nevile-Alexander Butler exchanged his eftate at Orwell 
for this, with Sir Thomas Chichely, 1659 ; then came hither to 
dwell, being the firft Owner that lived therein fince the Diffo- 
lution. He w^s buried here, March 17, 1674; and Cicily his 
widow, Feb. 23, 1693. 

Of their children buried at Orwell, William, Elizabeth, Thomas, 
Margaret, Humphry; William 5 months, Auguft 7, 1652; 
Elizabeth 10 months, Sept. i, 165G; Thomas, aged 27 years^ 
Sept. 30, 1658. 

Of them buried here. 

Cicely, ") 28 fMarch 26, 1680. 

Ambrofe, / 48 I March 1 9, 1685. 

Nicholas, ^aged 38 years. ^ February i, 1686- 

Mary, 1 56 /April 8, 1696. 

John, j 69 \jAix 22, 1714. 






buried at 
39 fSt. Giles's, London, Aug. 21,1689. 

>aged 62 years. < Finchlcy, in Middlefex, 17 15. 

Nanby, in Lincolnfliire, 1730. 

He was fucceeded by his fecond fon A7nbrofe Butler, Efq; who 
married Margaretta Maria, daughter of Edward Sydenham, Efq; 
by whom he had Vere^ a daughter born after his death. He was 
buried here March 19, 1685. 

To him fucceeded his faid daughter, who lived three years, 
and was buried at Ongar in Effex, 1689. She was fucceeded by 
the rev. John Butler, LL. D. redlor of Wallingtoii, in Hert- 
fordfliire, her uncle (who enjoyed that living 44 years). He 
married Sufannah, daughter of Mr. Jacob Codendick, of St. 
Martin's Le Grand, London, goldfmith, by whom he had eleven 
fons and five daughters ; nine born at Wallington, feven at Barn- 
well, viz. Jacob, Ambrofe, John, Sufanna, Nevile, Elizabeth, 
Rofe, Cicely, Jane, Thomas, William, Benjamin, William, 
Alexander, Charles, Francis. 

Sufanna, -^ 10 


buried here April 9, 1696. 

Elizabeth, , 8 

„. , > aged , 

Cicely, ^ 6 

William, ^ 2 

All died of the fmall-pox, and buried in one grave under 
the family feat. 

Charles, 1 7 "| [March 4, 1699. 

Francis, -aged 5 months. > buried here, | February i, 1700. 

Alexander,] 8 J [Augufli6, 1706. 

Ambrofe Butler, gent, attorney at law, in London, fecond fon. 
of Dr. Butler, was buried in St. Katharine's Church, near the 
Tower •-'■■, February 22, 17 12, aged 29 years. 

Dr. Butler aforefaid was buried here May 22, 17 14, aged 69 
years, at the entrance into this chancel. 

* Sir James Butler (probably a relation) was Mafler of the Roya^ Hofpital of ?t. 
Kaiharire, from 16S4 to 1693.' See Bibl. i op. Bfit. No. V. p. 22, and App. p. 88. 

B 2 Table 


Table III. 

He was fucceeded in this eftate by Jacob Butler, Efq; his eldefl 
fon, barrifter at Law of Greys-Inn, A. M. of this Univerfity. 
He married Rofe, daughter of the rev. Mr. Clerk, re£tor of 
Somerby in Lincolnfliire, by Jane, daughter of Mr. Nevile- 
Alexander Butler aforefaid, by whom he had a fon and two 
daughters ; 



> buried here 

April 14, 1723. 
July 7, 1726. 
March 8, 1729. 

All in a grave under this monument. 

Jane Dixon (omitted in the firll: table), daughter of Thomas 
Butler, Efq; was buried here June 30, 1669. 

Mrs. Butler, widow of Ur. Butler aforefaid, died January 12, 
1739, ^'^^ buried here the 17th, aged 78 years, in the fame 
grave with her hufband. 

Mr. John Butler, holler, third fon of Dr. Butler, died Auguft 
2, buried 5th, in llhngton church-yard, 1750, aged 66. 

Alfo buried here Mr. Nevile Butler, of Sandon, in Hert- 
fordfliire, farmer, fourth fon of Dr. Butler aforefaid, died there 
July 12, 1756, aged 69 years; leaving behind him a fon and 
five daughters, all grown up. 

Mrs. Rofe Hardy, relidt of the rev. Mr. Hardy, fevcnth child 
of Dr. Butler aforefaid, died January 1 1, i 757, aged 67 ; buried 
in the church of Saltfleet, Lincolnshire. 



On the North Side of the Chancel, on 'Three other large Tablets, 

is the follozving Infcription : 

As the other Monuments would not contain what was defigned to 
^e put thereon, the /aid ^zcoh Butler, Efq\ ered'ied this, February 


Table IV. 

Jacob Butler, Efq; Barriller at Law, A. M. of this Uni- 
verfity, died the 28th day of May, 1765; and buried here the 
31ft day of May, aged 84; alfo Rose his wife, the 5th day 
of May, 1778, and buried here the 13th day of May, aged 87 ; 
both in a grave, made by himfelf before his death, on the South 
fide of this chancel, near the other monument. They lived and 
died as friends. His unvariable fteadinefs in the caufe of Liberty 
would have intitled him to rewards in any age or country where 
Virtue was not a crime, and Corruption the fafeft path to Honour. 
As his fentiments relating to the public were founded in prin- 
ciple, fo was his conduct in private life ; wherein it would be 
hard to decide whether his conjugal affecSlion, his firmnefs in 
friendfliip, or benevolence in charity truly Chriftian, flione the. 
brighteit ; for he was confpicuous in all. 

In the year 1754, 

To ftem the venality and corruption of the times, he offered 
himfelf candidate to reprefent this county in parliament, unfup- 
ported by the influence of the great, the largefs of the wealthy, 
or any intereif, but that his fingle charadter could eftablifh, the 
efteem of all honeif men and lovers of their country. But when 
he found the ffcruggies for Freedom faint and inefledtual, and his 
fpirits too weak to refill the eflbrts of its enemies, he contented 
himfelf with the teftimony of thofe few friends who dare to be 
free, and of his own unbialTed confcience, which, ui^on this as 
well as every other occafion, voted in his favour; and upon thele 
accounts he was juilly intitled to the name of the Old Briton. 
3 Now, 


Now, Header, 
Behold his hard(hips and ill ufage in life. 
In the year 17 14, he lucceeded his father in this eilatc, of the 
yearly value of 335/. never let for more, yet taxed at 635 /. occa- 
lioned thus : His father, in the year 1705, endeavouring to get 
Sturbitch Fair rated to the poor, as well as then taxed, die Recorder 
of the Corporation, then Sir John Cotton, Daniel Love, Francis 
Piercy, Aldermen, and Thomas Gale Common-council man, all 
Commiffioners of the Land-tax. and owners of good eftates in the 
faid Fair, then leading men and governors of the faid Corporation, 
by the help of others, took the tax from off their eftates, and all 
others of the faid Fair, that had always paid in Barnwell parifli, and 
laid it upon the eftate of Dr. Butler his father. No redrefs to be 
had by appealing ; fo continued for fome years after the faid Jacob 
Butler entered thereon ; then got fome redrefs, fo as to have his 
eftate taxed at 420/. and fo hath continued ever fmce, to his 
great damage and oppreffion, under a large mortgage, fcven 
brothers and lifters portions to pay, four annuities of 2^0 /.per 
annum, two great fires, one in 17 17, the other in 1731, in 
which he loft four thoufand pounds ; on both which, colledlions 
were had by letters of requeft ; no benefit to himfelf, by au- 
thority of the then juftices, who told him, that unlefs he would 
fvvear he was not worth 500/. he fhould have no part of that 
money; which he refu fed, fo loft that 111 are he ought to have 
had. The like attempt was made as to the brief obtained by the 
juftices, Jofeph Kettle at their head, who was a fon of his grand- 
father's horfe-keeper; but in that he fucceeded, and had to his 
lliare the fum of 800/. So ended his life. 

Table V. 

To fupport himfelf under the hardfliips in the other table, he 
took into occupation all his eftate, though very unfit for fuch an 
undertaking, to enable himfelf to bear the burthens aforefaid ; 



fucceeded fo well as to make good all his annual payments, and 
to guard againft all the other demands. In 1721 he married a 
good and induilrious wife, ready to take her lliare of the yi;ke 
then on his flioulders,. hy whofe fortune and diligence lightened 
and enabled him to go forward. 

In 1724, when an a(5l was procured for a turnpike from: 
Cambridge to London, he was therein appointed a trulfee. In 
1731, parties running high, a new one was obtained, grounded 
on great frauds and abufes committed by the old truftees, at the 
expence of the turnpike-money ; to fupport which charge, he 
was pitched upon to make good the faid abufe ; for which end, 
he was fummoned to the county feffions ; arraigned in his gown, 
convided,. fined 10/. and for non-payment was committed. He 
excepted to their jurikiiiftion,. and fubmitted his cafe to any 
Lawyer of their own. choofing, which was accepted ; and Sir 
Philip Yorke, then Attorney-general, was nominated and accepted 
of; his cafe drawn up, and laid before him ; had his opinion 
in favour of himfelf, with which he went to Ely, to the then 
Under-flieriff, Peacock by name, in order to fave the ellreating 
of his fine ; he, being one of their party, did refufe it, and. 
told him, he did not know but he might forge it ; then went 
with it to Newmarket, to one Goodale, then Deputy clerk of the 
peace; there meeting with the fame fate, at latt was obli;^ed to 
tender it to Jofeph Kettle, Chairman at the next quarter feffions, 
one of his judges, and told him, it was hard for him, at the 
expence of two guineas, to teach him and his brethren law; and. 
{o was difcharged. 

Ahab, King of Ifrael, wanted Naboth's vineyard, offered him 
an equivalent for it, but could not prevail. Mr. Sindry, an Alder- 
man of this town, wanting part of my property, thereon to 
erefb a dog-kenncl ; Dp[)lied to his brethren for a leafe of a fpot 
of ground, o:^ which he did eredt one, 



Table VI. 

without any application to me; whereby I was obliged to bring 
my adtion, and had a verdi(51:, whereby it was pulled down, to the 
fatisfadlion of many. This not fuiting his pride, Jezabel-like, he 
lloned me with three indi6tments, aisd my lervant with a 'slui taw^ 
for being in my own manor with a brace of greyhounds; to all 
which I appeared, pleaded, and joined iifne in order for trial, but 
never tried ; fo he had his ends in ironing my pocket, but faving my 
life ; this was a great expence to me. To fiipport his right of flieep- 
walk in all the Lammas grounds on the South fi'ie of the tpwn of 
Cambridge, from being plowed, digged, or inclofed, Edward 
Gillam, a farmer of this town, thougli apprized thereof, would 
plow up his own land, and fuch others as he could hire, to the 
amount of thirty acres, whereby all fheep were damaged in their 
feed, much more in their winter layer : was obliged to bring his 
adlion againft him, which was tried; a verdidt obtained, and are 
now laid dow^n again, w^iich I hope will be a warning to others 
from doing the like. This w^as done for the benefit of this eftate. 

To regulate the great abufes on the commons of Cambridge, in 
1752, he pounded the horfes and cows of feveral put thereon, 
and made them pay ; but one Child, an inmate, replevied his ; to 
fupport whofe action, a fubfcription was fet on foot, and thereon 
was colletfted fifty pounds. The acflion was tried ; a verdi6t had 
againfi: him, with colls. This, he thought, would have ended the 
abufes, which flill continue, though the Corporation are the regu- 
lators of them; and on the admiflion of every member into the 
body, "he takes an oath not to abufe,'or fee them abufed ; fo little 
regard is paid to an oath, which is the only tye of property ! 

He feared his God ; 
he honoured his king ; 
he defpifed his foes ; 
and valued his friends. 





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Proceffus ElevStionis Prioris de Bernewell, Elienf. Dioc. 
Ex Reglil:. Prioratus, p. ^^. et Reglftr, W. Grey, Ep'l ElienT, f. 157. 

EDVVARDUS Dei gratia rex Angl', Fran', et dris Hyb', venerab' in Chrifto 
Patri Will' eadeni gra' epilc' Eli' falutem. Sciatis quod eledtioni nuper faft^ m 
domo five prioratu canon' de Bernwell ord' St. Aug' veftra? dioc' de rcligioib viro 
Fra' Will' Tebald, canonico ejufdem domus five prioratus, in priorem et paflorem 
domus five prioratus prjed' regium aiTenlum adhibuimus et favorem. Et hoc vobis 
rcnore pra?fcntium fignificamus, ut quod veltrum eft in hac parte exequamini. In 
cujus rei teftimonium has iiteras noftras fieri fecimus patentes. Tefte meipib apud 
Weft', ^o die Nov', an' regni noftri 14. 

Rev'inChrifto patri et driodiio WillmoDei gratia Elienf epifc'veftroquecoiiiifrario 
feu coffiiflariis quibufcunque veftri humiles et devoti filii lubprior et conventus domus 
ecclefia; conventualis canonicorum de Bernwell, ordinis St. Aug' veflrae Elienf dioc', 
tarn debitam quani devotam obedientiam cum omni reverentia et honore debitam 
tanto patri. Sacris canonibus conftat elle ftatutum quod ultra 3 menfes pralato pro- 
prio noncareatecclefia regularis, ne per defertum paftoris invadat gregem dominicam 
lupus rapax, aut in facultatibus luis grave dilpendium patiatur. Veftrs igirur 
rev' paternitati notum facimus per prsefentes quod vacante nuper di(^a eccl' noftra 
conventuali per priorem ekftivum et perpctuum folita gubernari per liberum refig- 
nationem ac puram et fpontaneam ceffionem et dimilTionem religiofi viri Era' JoU 
Whaddon, ult' Prioris ibid in facras manus veftras fponte nuper faiSam et per vcs 
rev' pat' admiffam ac in dida eccte et prioratum noft' 10 Nov', 1474, notificatam, 
ex qua tunc noticiam habere cepimus primo et non ante, petitaque et obtenta, ut 
moris eft, ab illuftrifiimo in Chrifto principe et domino noftroEdw'Dei gratia, &c. 
noftro patrono licentia nobis et eiidem prioratui et ecclefiae futurum priorem in eadem 
ccclcfia eligendi. Nos frat' Will' Tebald, prcpfidcns et fubprior dida; ecclefiii: et con» 
fratres et canonici noftri infrafcripti omncs et finguli tunc prjefentes ordinem re» 
gularem fecundum reg' St. Aug' m eadem ecclefia exprefl'e profeffi, et in facris or- 
dinibus conllituti, jus eligendi nobis futurum priorem in eadem ecclefia de jure 
habentes 20 die Nov' anno fupradido in domo capitulari ejufdem ecclefize more 
folito capitulariter congregati et capitulum eodem die facientes, unanimi conienlu 
et aflTenfu omnium et fingulorum confratrum noft' prnsd' tunc prosfentium. 
Statuimus et prefiximus concorditcr inter nos in difta domo capitulari, nobis et 
quibufcunque aliis jus eligendi futurum priorem in dida ecclefia habennbus de 
confuetudine vcl de jure terminum ad comparendum in eadem domo noftra capi- 
tulari ubi eleftionum hujufmodi negotia folitum eft tractare St ad procedcndum in 

B b i huJLif- 


huj'jfmodi eleftionis negotio de futuro priore in didia ecclefia canon' celebrand',. 
ac provi iend' nobis et ecclellse eidem per de futuro priore 
ut premittitur, in e:idem domo, die Sabati, pro\' poft feft' bfe Katerin^ ex tunc 
fequcnt' an' fupradicto, cum continuatione cc prcrogatione dicrum fi oporteat fe- 
qiient' quoufque difta ekttio foret canonice celebrata. Et decrevimus tunc ibidem 
omnes et tmgulos jus ec vocem in hujufmodr eleflione habentes de confuet'.idine vel 
de jure, fi qui linr, fore vocandos ec prcemonendos ad diclum diem et locum cum 
continuaiione ec prorogatior.e priedic' una nobifcum fubpricre ec conventu prcrdic' 
de et lupra dicta c'edione tradlaturos, et jus fuum, fi quod haberunt, profccururos, 
ulteriulque in diets clec'ticnis negotio procefiuros ct prcfecuiuros ulque ad finalem 
expeditionem cjuldem. — Qj-io die Sabati, viz. 26 Nov', &c. mane hora capiiulari 
ad elipendum futurum priorem ejufdem eccla: et canonicze providendiim de codem, 
in dicfa domo capUulari fic aflignato et prsfixo advcniente, celebrata per nos in 
didla eccta primitus mifla de fpiritu S. et fubfequenter ad fonitum campamc com- 
p.-,ren[ibus et prirfentibus perfonaliter in eadem domo nofira capitulari hora ca- 
pitulari more loli'o capitulariter congrcgatis omnibus et fingulis confracribus et ca- 
nonicis noftris in feu de dida eccta exigent', viz. omnibus et fingulis qui voluerunt, 
potuerunt, et debuerunt, in hujuimodi eledtionis negotio commode interefle, viz. 
confracribus nobis Will. Tebald' lubpriore prffidifto, Nicolao Cagge, Will' Bowman, 
Will' MalTev, Joh' Leveryngton praicentore,, Joh' French lacrilla, et Rob* 
Wacherley legitime cicat' fed contumaciter abfent', et Johanne Soham ex tunc 
ct pro nunc dicfar tccte canonicis orJinem regularem fccundum regulam Sti Au- 
guflini in eadem eccla exprelle profeffis prefbiteris, jus eligendi priorem in didla 
eccla ut prsfertur habentibus ; aflumptifque ad nos pro faniori confilio habendo 
quibufdam perfonis fecularibiiSj viz.Magris Ricardo Robinfon decretorum, et Simone 
Burgoin, legum dodloribus, Will' Malfter in decretis licen', et Hen' Rudd in 
urr^.que jure bac' et Rob' Bredon, et Tho' Angold, notariis publicis : Q^uibus 
quidem perlonis fecularibvis diliger.ter per nos requifitis, viz. Magill-er Will' 
Malfter, lanquam juris peritus pro informatione noflra, prcefati vero magiftri Ric' 
Robinfon, Simon Burgoyn, Hen' Rudde, et Tho' Angold, tanquam confiliarii et 
telles, di(5t' vero Rob' Bredon ut not' pub', pra;didtit eledioni interefFent. Incon- 
rinencer didtus fracer Joh' Leveryngton, confrater nofter, ad oliium clauftri publice 
prociamavic nomine noftro ct conventus, ut omnes et finguli qui voluerint, po- 
tuerunt, et debuerunt interefle eledtioni pricdifta;, fi qui tunc prfefentes non eranr, 
ad didam domum capitularem (latim per fe vel procuratores accederent, nobifcum et 
diftis confracriLiUs nolbis de dicta eledione tradtacuri, et jus fuum li quod haberenc 
profecucuri piflUL jure voiunc. Qua proclamatione fadta, nulloalio adido fratre Joh' 
cpponen' et jus aliquod pra-cend' nos pra^fidens et fubjirior prasdid', de con'enfu, 
voluntate, autontate, et mandato omnium et fingulorum contratrum nollruni pre- 
dictor' in di^' domo capitulari exiftent' nobis in hac parte fadl' quafdam monitiones 
et protefiariones fecimus, rune ibidem in fcriptis monentes primo, Iccundo, et 
tertio in genere omnes excommuiiicatos, fufpenios, et interdidos canonicos, vel alios 
quofcunque fi quis vel fiqui forfan intcT nos tunc fuiflet vel fuiflenc, aut qui de jure vel 
confui-tudine eidem elcdtioni faciend^ tunc interefle non deberet, vel non deberenr, 
quod a nobis ct a domo noitro capitulate Uatini recederent, et reccderet qu.libet 


O F B A R N W E L L A B B E T. 13 

corundem, nos et quofcunque ]us habentes intcrelFcndi in hujufmodi elt-d^Ione eli- 
gendi et providcndi nobis et didls- ecclefije de futuro priore, libere cligcre et pro- 
vidcre canonice pcrmittentes. Et protellabantur pro nol)i3 et toto coriventu priedidto, 
quod non fuit intentionis noftrns live didti conventtis quod aliqui excommunicati, 
kilpcnfi, vcl incerdiifti, five alii jus intereflTendi, eligendi, providendi, in ea parte, 
in priBteitur, non habentes nobifcum in hujufmodi cleftioms negoiio quoque modo 
intercfilnt -, nee vo'.umus nut intendimus cligere aut providere dc priore, ut pra;- 
mittitur, cum eirdem : Sed volunuis et protellati fuinu*., palam et exprcfle tunc 
ibidem et pro toto conventu, quod fi qui tales interclTc una nobilcuni in iiujufmodi 
cledlione ncftra in eventu reperiantur, qucd abfir, voces talium et dicfta et fatta 
qi acunque cujuflibet iplbrum pro nullis penitus habeantur, nullique pralhuit luf- 
tragium aut afferant nccumentum. Reccdeniibulque a didta domo capitulari prs- 
diciis perlonis lecularibus de mandato nofcro: et in ipforum ab(^ntia liabita inter nos- 
fubpriorem et confratres nofiros prsdidos capitulum ut prfemittitur, facientes, de 
via procedendi m negccio eleflionis memorar-^ delibcratione diligenti; invocata Sp. 
S. gratia ; revocatis prffidi6lis pcrfonis fecularibus direftoribus, teftibus, et notar', 
ympnoque Vent Creator Spiritus devote decantato cum coUefta, pcrleftifque Uteris 
licentis diii regis, ac toto tenore conftitutionis concilii generalis §!uia propter per 
didtum mag' Will' Maltfler de mandato iiro de verbo ad verbum, ct publice per eund' 
expofit', per quam viam de eleclionis effct melius procedend', repente quail per in- 
fpirationem Sp. S.abfque alia infligatione unanimiter, concorditer, et coiTumiter, fine 
conditicne aliquali placuic nobis et fingulis et omnibus diifti prioratus canonicis- 
fVatrem Will* lebald fubpriorem prxdiftum virum, utique religiofum, difcretum, 
providum, et honeftum, in religione prsdifla exprtlTe profefium, per plures annos 
approbatum, virtutibus infigmtum, et muitipliciter commendatum, prefbiterum 
quadraginta annos tttatis et amplius habentem, in matrimonio legicimo procrcatum, 
in eodem ordine ac diflo prioratu admilTum in Ipiritualibus et temporalibus plu- 
rimum circumlpe^tum, fcicntem et valentem jura prioratus prasdidti defendere et: 
tueri, cui in quantum fciri poterit nichil obviat de canonicis infHtutis in priorem 
di(fti prioratus, ac ipfum fie fubito infpiratum, confenlis et votis fimul expteffis, 
quafi uno fpiritu et una voce fimul eligimus, ac volumus, ct elegitiius in priorem^ 
Et quamvis quas Ipiritu Dei aguntur non iuntlub lege, five anguiliis formarum juris 
arceantur; ex habundanti tamcn ad majorem exprelTionem, ego Will' Malley 
pried', de mandato et voluntate omnium confratrum meorum, ac vice ac nomine eo- 
rundem, et nomine meo, prasfatum tVatrem Will' Tebald, fie ut prafcrtur, una- 
nimiter ct concorditer per me et confratres meos eleftum in priorem didti prioratus, 
eligo in communi et eidem provideo de eodem, ipfimque ele6lionem ut premitdtur 
celebratam nos omnes et finguli tunc prjetentes rullo nollrum rcclamante cxprefie ec 
concorditer approbavimus et ratificavimus: et Te Deum laudanius devote cantantes 
ufque ad fummum altare diftum iplum elcctum nofirum quidem confratres nof- 
trorum depoitaverunt, ac didtam cleciionem de dido elefto, finite cantu cum 
collefta, fie canonice fadtam^ clero et populo in lingua roaterna, per didtum fratrem 
Wiir Mafiey de mandato noOro fecimus folemnitcr pubiicari, et ilibicquenter, 
didta eledtione fie ut prasmirtitur pubiicata, et eidem elcdto g fratres noftros W^ili' 
Bowman et Will' Maffey, procuratores noftros in hac parte Ipecialiter deputatos : 


14 A I' P E N D I X T O T H E H I S T O R Y 

ac mandatum noflium admittentes prsfentata, ut eidem eledtioni de fe canonice fie 
ctlebrata fuuni prsberet conlenfiim ec aflenfuai fcpius et cum inRantia requifitus; 
idem tamen elecftus ie pluriesexcufans, et fuam infufficientiam allegans et pretendens, 
tandem pofl: meridiem cjufdem diei, poft excufationes multiplices, nolens ut aJTeruic 
iilteiius refillere divinje voluntati de divina confifus dementia annuic et confenfit fub 
hac veiboium forma. " In Dei nomine, Amen. Ego Will' Tebald, canonicus regu- 
laris eccti^ de Bernwell, ordinis Sti Aug' Elienf dioc' in eodem prioratu ordinem 
regularem expreffe profeflus, in priorem didi prioratus per conventum ejufdcm 
ecctia; cleftus, et ad confentiend' eidem eleitioni de nic faftum per partem eli- 
gentium fepe et cum inftantia ac tempore debito requilitus, nolens ulterius 
dlvinfe refillerc voluntati Chrifto nomine primicus invocato eidem eleiflioni de me 
f'aiflx et celebratie de divina confifus dementia : In nomine St;\; individuje Trinitatis 
Patris, Filii, et Sp. S. ac beatns Maris virginis, et Sti Egidii, in cujus honore didta 
ccdia efl: dedicata confenfio in his fcriptis." 

Cum igitur ejufdem eleftionis et eledi confirmatio ad vos pertineat, rev' pater, 
eidem paternitaci veftr^ nos prefidens et conventus fupradifti humiliter fupplicamus 
ct devote, quatenus proceffum eled:ionis noflrse prjediflce approbantes, electionem 
nollram priediftam dignemini confirmare, ca^teraque peregerequffi vefiro in hac parte 
incumbunt officio paftorali, ut Deo autore, nobis et prioraiui pra?dido cursque 
cifdeni imminenti velut gubcrnator et prior idoneus prseffe valeat et prodeffe ; 
rofque fab ipfius laudibili regimine poffimus coram Deo perenniter defervire. 
Ceterum ut veftra paternitas rev' cognofcat evidentius vota noftra in pramifiis, ut 
prjemitritur concordaiTe ac nos in petitione hujufmodi exiltere unanimcs et Con- 
cordes priefentes literas noltras elcfiionis noftra; decretum continences, figillo noftro 
confignatas, ac figno ec fubfcriptione magri Rob' Bredon notarii public! fignat', pa- 
ternitaci veitrse rev' tranfmittimus p pra;ltnces. Dat'et acfla fuerunt fupradifta, ptss- 
fixio et termini affignacio ad eligend', &c. alia, ut prxmittitur in dome noftra ca- 
pitulari, anno, &c. 1474, indicl' 8, pontif fandiff' in Chrifto patris et dni noftri 
dni Sixti div' prov' papre quarti anno 4°, menfis vero Novembris 20 et 26 ; prae- 
Icntibus tunc ibidem ad ados cgregiis et diicretis viris Magris Rico Hobynlon de- 
crctor', Symone Burgoyn legum doctoribus, ac Henrico Ruddc in utroque jure bac', 
Cov' ec Lich', Norw', et'dioc', tcftibus ad prasmilla fpetialiter vocatis. 

E"o Rob' Bredon, cJer' Ebor' dioc', pub' autoritate apoftolica et imperiali no- 
tnrius -, pra^nifils ceterifque omnibus et fingulis dum fie ut prcemittiiur, lub anno, 
&:c. fuperius expreflatis, una cum teftibus pra-nominatis, pnefens perfonaliter interfui, 
eaque omnia et fingula fie fieri vidi et audivi, fcripfi, publicavi, et in banc formam 
rcderri publicam, meque hie fubfcripfi, fignoque ec nomine meis folitis et confuetis 
una cum figillo communi didi prioratus fignavi rogaius et requifitus in fidem et 
tcft' omnium ct fingulorum pra;miirorum. 

Scquitur commifllo ad confirmandum eledionem. Sed confirmatio ipfa epi 
Elienfis vacat, vcl commillarii Rici Bole archini Elienf. 

N° II. 


N° II. 
Alia Ele(5lio Prions de Bernwell, Elienf dioc'. 

VAC ANTE prioratu de Bernwell per morrem naturalem bone mcmorie fratris 
Jotiis Poket, qui \icefimo oftavo die nicnfis Augufti, anno D'ni mcccc fexa- 
gelimo quarto, infra prioratum prcdi£ium diem fuum clauiit extremum ipfiufque 
corpore fubfequenterin dida ecctia ecclefiafte iradito fepulture, petita er obtenta ab 
jliuftr', &c. Edwardo rege Angl' et Franc', 2ic. licentia eiigendi, &c. — die Lune, 
viz. 24° die Septembr' [1464] congregati capitulariter confratribus et canonicis 
difte domus, viz. VViltnno Tebald fuppriore,Thoma Gate celerario, John Wyfbech 
granatr' et receptor', Rico Fuibuine lacriila, Thoma Bernard, Thoma Foke pre- 
ceptore, Nicho Cagge, Johne Soham coquinario, Joftne Poket fuccentor', Jofine 
Cambrygg, Joline Refham, difle ecctie canonicis, diaconis et prelbiteris invocata 
fpiritus Sti gratia, ympnoque Veni Creator Spiritus devote decantato — repente quali 
per infpirationem fpititus Sti concorditer et communiter placuit omnibus et fingulis, 
fratrem Johem Whaddon, vicarium de Waterbeche, virum utique religiofum, in 
religione prediift' exprefie profefl'um triginta annos ctaiis et amplius habentem, in 
eodem ordine ac in didto prioratum admiflum quafi uno fpiritu una voce iimul in 
priorem didi prioratus cligere, ac eligimus in noftrum priorem, &c. 

Aflenfus Regius fuper di£l' eled*. 

Edwardus, Dei gratia, rcg' Ang' et Franc', et dns Hib', ven' in Chriflo patri 
W. eadem gra epo Elienf, falutem. Sciatis quod eleiftioni nuper fadte in eccti;e con- 
ventuali Sti Egidii de Bernewell de dileiflo nobis in Chrifto frater Joftne Whaddon, 
canonico ejufdem domus in priorem loci illius regium afTenfum adhibnimus et fa- 
vorem, et hoc vobis tenorc prefentium fignificamus ut quod vcflrum eft in hac parte 
exequamini. In cujus rei teftimoniumhas literas noftras fieri fecimus patentes. T. 
meipfo apud Redyng, 28 die Septembris, anno R. noftri quarto. 

Sequitur comraiiTio W epi Elienf, ad confirmandam di<5^am eleftlonem, dire<5la 
inagro Ricardo Bole, officiali noftro, &c. dat. O£lob' 11, Anno Domini 1464. 

Ex regro W. Gray, epi Elienfis, f, 1S2, 



N° III, 
Appropriatio Ecclefie de Stowe Quye. 

UNIVERSIS SanfljE Matris filiis ad quos prefentes litere pervenerint vel in 
futurum pervenire poterunt Wiltmus permiff' divina Elienf Eps falutem cum 
beu' Salvatoris Jtiu Chrifti, et perpetuam rei gefte memoriam, et fidein indubiara 
prefencibus adhiberc. Exhibite fiquidem nobis pro parte dileflorum filiorum 
prioris ec conventus mon' five prioratus de Bernewell ordinis Sti Auguflini fire 
Elienf dioc' petitionis feries continebat, quod difti mon' five prioratus fruftus et 
proventus eidem mon' five prioratui in iplius primeva fundatione et donatione 
affignati et conGefll, ob caufas plures et diverfas, et prefertim propter carentiam, 
et alienationem advocationis, et juris patronatus duarum ecctarum fan£\orum 
Jotiis et Edwardi in Cantebr' exillentiuni eis et corum mon' five prioratui olim ap- 
propriatarum, quarum advocationem et jus patronatus collegium bte Trinitatis de 
Cant', ad inftantiam Chriflianiflimi principis regis Henrici fexti per donationem et 
conceffioneai predict' prioris et conventus de Bernev/ell predidl' de licentia et bene- 
placlto rev' in Chrifto patris et dni dni Thome permiff' divina tunc Elienf epi 
obtinuit et adquifivit, ac ipfas ecctias appropriare et facere appropriari predidto col- 
legio Sre Trinitatis de Cantebr' ut ipfarum ecclarum frudus et proventus in pro- 
prios ul'us et perpetuos fociorum dift' collegii Ste Trinitatis cedant effe6tualiter auc- 
toritate difti rev' patris Thome tunc epi Elienf realiter et effedlualiter obtinuit. 
Quarum etiam una propter exilitatem frufluum, deftruftionemque domorum, ac 
paucitatem inhabicantiura per edificationem collegii regii in honore B. Marie et SJi 
Nichi de novo eve£\i eft aufloritate predifta alteri unita multum fiint deteriorati • 
et diminuti. Qiiapropter predift' prior ct conventus nobis humiliter fupplicarunt, 
quatenus in recompcnlationem dift' duarum ecclarum fanft' Johis et Edwardi eis 
olim ut predicitur appropriatarum, ac ut cultus divinus in difto mon' five prioratu 
fuftentari et augeri valeat in futurum, ecclia paroch' de Stowe Qaye iire Elienf* 
dioc', cujus advocationem et jus patronatum predift' prior et conventus de Bernevvell, 
per donationem et conceffionem fc'renilfimi principis ctni uri regis Henrici Scxti, 
[^Sequitiv conce/Jio et licentia regis \\\zheiiX. legitime et obtiuent eis et eorum mon' 
five prioratui predift' eorumque fuccefforibus unire, anne^lere et appropriare, ct in 
eorum proprios ufus perpctuo poflidenJ' concedere dignaremur; et quod eidem 
ecctie de Stowe C)iiye per vicarium temporalem idoneum, viz. per religiofum fratrcm 
ejufdem mon' five prioratus vcl alium fecularcm, ad di<fl' relgioforum voluntatem 
inftitucnd' tt removend' poterunt defervire. Nos igitur cupientes quantum cum 
Dei poffumus eidem priori et conventui ac eoruir, mon' paterna maniuetUL,ine pro- 
videre ct eorum neceffitatilnis fiibvcnire, dilcci^os in ("hrifto filios priorem et capi- 
Uilum ecctie iire catli' Elienf uccnon archidum iirum Elienf ad tradand' una 
6 cum 


cum magro Rogero RadclifF, LL. D. nro official! et in hac parte commifTararlo ac 
vice et autftoritate noftris fungeme de ct fupcr appropriarione ct unione di<5l' eccfic 
et ejus caufis mandavimus et fecimus ad domum nram capirularem ecdie noftre 
Elienfis ad certiim terminum competentem vocari : habito infuper et precedence 
fuper pren ilfa cum di61:o priore et capitulo Elienf ' ac riro archido traftaiu diligeiiti 
€t folempni et i'ecutls poflea deliberacoe et caufe cognitione debitis et maturi?, in 
hujufmodi unione, annexione, et appropriatione requifitis, ac licentia dni iiri regis 
Henrici fexti fufficient* habita [Sequitur alia licentia regia] et quia aliunde prepediti 
ulterius examinationi et difcuflioni prefati negotii perlorialiter non valemus magros 
Rogerum RatclifF, officialem nrum, Ricum Laverok, LL. D. ac Wiitum Malfter, in 
decretis licentiatum, noftros aflignavimus et deputavimus commifliirios cum hac 
clauferta, Ita tamen quod vos (res buic 7iegotii> cum effe5lu. — \_Sequitur commll/ioy 
dot. Sept. 26, 1 757.] Cujus commiffionis noftre onus executionis di6l' magr Roejerus 
Radclilf in fe aflumpfit, et proceffit fub forma que fequitur. NosRogerus R ad cliff prc- 
dift' onus commiflionis antedidl' ob reverentiam dit^i rev' patris committentis et ad 
inftantem petitionem predidli prioris et conventus in nos fufcepimus, et ulterius pro- 
cedere ac dift* negotium ad effeflum deducere cum Dei auxilio intcndimus. Et 
tunc incontinenter comparuit Wiltus Tebakl, ibm canonicus regularis prioratus de 
Bernewell, pro priore et conventu ejufdem cum procuratorio fuSicienti [i'^'jus tenor 
fequitur dat. Sept. anno D'ni mcccclvii.] et quandam petitionem lummariam 
porrexit, prout fuperius in exordio recitatur. Et tunc magr Edmundus Konyngef- 
burgh, decret' Dr. comparuit pro priore et conventu ecctie cath. Elienf cunh pro- 
curatorio idoneo \_cujus tenor fequitur.'] Et tunc ibm comparuit magr Thomas Bury, 
cum procuratorio fuflSicienti pro archino Elienf; et tam ipfe quam magr Edmundus 
predict' nomine dnorum fuorum appropriationi fiende ecctie paroch' de Stowe 
Quye predid' prioratui de Bernwell predift. expreffe confenfum dederunt pariter 
affenfum, [cujus Thome Bury procuratorium fequitur dat. Sept. 2, H57'] ^^ Dei 
nomine, Amen. Auditis plenius et intellec^tis ac plene difcuffis per nos Rogerum 
Radcliff, coramiffarium aniedidt' meritis et circumftantiis caufe five negotii appro- 
priationis, &c. eccte paroch' de Stowe Quye priori et conventui de Bernewell ac 
eorura fucceflbrum, &c. Chrifti nomine invocato procedimus in hunc modum. In 
Dei nomine. Amen. Quia per afta inaftita, deduda, exhibita, allegata, et pro- 
bata in caufa five negotio memorato invenimus partem prioris et conventis mon' five 
prioratus de Bernwell fuam fuggeftioncm et petitionem plenius probaffe et ruggefta 
atque petita vera et jufta fore et effe fufficient' fundaffe, deduxiffe, et prDbaffe, 
nichilque effedtuale per quemcunque ex adverfo allegatum, objeftum, prcofitum 
feu probatum fuifle auc effe quod ipforum prioris ec conventus men' live prioratus 
de Bernwell intentionem ledere poffet feu quomodolibet impedire aut enervate t 
Idcirco nos Rogerus antedift' folum Deum pre oculis noftris preponentes de juris 
peritorum confilio, cum quibus communicavimus in hac parte luper premiffis ct fJe 
predift', viz. prioris et capitali Elienf et archidiaconi Elienf expreflo confenlnct 
voluntate et per ea que in dift' caufa five ncgoiio didicimus, recenfitifque p^rr nrs 
primitus caufis in petitione five fuggeftione contentis fupradift' ecctie paroch' de 
Stowe Quye in dift' Elienf dioc' fituat'falvis fubfcriptis, cum omnibus fuis frucTibus, 
icdditibus, proventibus, oblationibus, decimis, poffeffionibus, juribus, pafcuis ct 

B b paliuns 


padnris, conimunibus et piivatis, curiis confuetis et debids cum franchefia falcl* 
ducentarum ovium, libertaiibufquc et pertinen' tam fpiritualibus quam temporalibus 
univerfis, prefatis priori et conventui eorumque fuccefforibiis in fuos proprios ufua 
perpetuis futuris temporibus habend' et pollidend' anneftend' uniend' et incor- 
porand', tore pronunciamus, decernimus, et dcclaramus, ac realiter et cum effedtu 
audioritate nobis commifla appropriamus, annectimus, unimus, et incorporamus per 
banc nram fententiam diffinitivam quam fecimus et promulgamus in hiis fcriptis fie 
quod liceat pred' priori et conv' eidem ecctie defervire et eccleliaftica facramenta 
niinirtrare per presBriim paroch' ido .eum canonicum regularem ejufdem mon' five 
prioratus vel alium fecularera per ipfos religiofos inflituend' et ad placitum remo- 
vend' abfque dotattone vicarie. Salvo jure et intereffe pro modo incumbcntis quod 
nichil fibi depereat pro vita fua. Ec quia per banc noftrara fententiam diffinitivam) 
poteft prejudiciura generari predi<fio rev' patri epo Elienf et fucceflbribus fuis et 
ccclie fue cath' Elienf ac Elienf rchino predift'; ideo pro jure et intereffe ac in- 
dempnitate fuis, predidt' rev' patri ad fynodum pafcbe et fuccelf, fuis fede plena ec 
ea quocumque modo vacante priori et capitulo Elienf annuum cenfum quadraginta; 
denar' ac archino modo exiftenti acfuturis fuis fuccefl' pro jure ac intereffe ac indemp- 
nitate fuis quibufcunque annuum cenfum fex folidoruni et odlo denar' prefato archino 
Elienf et ejus fucceltoribus ad eandem finodum pafche per predid;' priorem et con- 
ventum fidcliter perfolvend' cundiis futuris temporibus refervamus, inchoando eo 
tempore, quo fructus, reddiius, et proventus eccte de Stowe Quye ad ipforum 
teligiororum poffeffionem et commodum realiter et effecftualiter pervenerint ; coiv- 
cedentes dift' priori et convent' au£toritate predifta liberam facukatem et auftori- 
tatcm per ipfos aut per ipforum procuratorem in hac parte conditutum feu procu- 
ratores, pi-efatam ecctiam paroch' de Stovpc Quye cum fuis fruftibus et. pertinen' uni- 
verf tam fpiritualibus ac noftra auftoritate q.uam cito ecclia, vacaverit vel vacate 
contigerit five per mortem, five per refignacoem, five aliis quibufcunque modis le- 
gitimis, ingrediendi et nancifcendij atque in fuos proprios ufus convertendi, poffidend', 
er habend' de eifdem libere difponend', prout ipfis priori et conventui ac fuccelf 
fuis expedirs vidcbitur juribus epalibus et archidiaconalibus ac dignitate ecctie 
cath'Elien' et redloris incumbendspro tempore fua etalioram ut premittitur, femper 
falvis; prefentibus dift' lententie prolationi magris Hugon. Legh in Deer. Bjcc, 8cc. 
tedibus ad premiffa vocatis et rogatis. Dat' et adta funt htec quoad prolationcnv 
f-inrentic fgpdmo die menf Oftobr^ anno Domini aiillimo ccccmo quinquagefimo» 
fcptimo^ in ecclia Sci Scpulcri Cantebr'. 

Et uos Willmus Elienfis eps, &c. deliberatione prehabita omnia fupradi<^a &c. 
nollra au<^orltate recognofcimus, ct de confenfu prioris et capitule ecclie lii-o cathed' 
Elienfis ex certa icieutia approbavimus, &c. Dat' 24 die Oflobr'^ anuo Domini 
MccccLvii, et lire conf anno 410. 

Et nos prior et capitulum ecclie cath' Elienf predi£la recognofcinaus, appro- 
banuis, ratiiicamu<, &c. Dat. Oifl.. 26, A. D. 1457. 

Et nos Jolies Siokes, legum Dr. Archiiliaconus Elienf omnia et fingula prout 
fupra recitantur approbamus, ratlficaraus, 8ic. Dat. Odt. ult. A. D. 1457. 

Deinde fsquitur atteCtatio Notarii Publici, viz. RoB£aT BREDoN^Chci, &c. 

Keg. Gray, foL 101, £ic. 




N" IV. 

CoramlfTio ad inquircnd' fuper nppropriatlone ecclefie de Kingrton 

prioratui de Beriiwell. 

THOMAS permifT' divina Elienf* eps dileclis nobis in Chrifto filiis magro 
Johi Stokes, archino Elienl' LL. D. ec Willmo Malrtcr, in decretis licentiato, 
falutem, graciam, et ben'. Cum nobis ex parte venerab' et religioibrum viroiuni, 
prioris et conventus prioratus five eccHe conventualis Sti Egidii de Bernwell ordiuis 
Sti Auguftini lire dioc' extiterit humilit.'r fuppHcatum, quod cum difli prioratus- 
fruftus, redditus, et proventus eidcm mon' in ipfius primeva tundacione et dotatione 
aflignuti et concertl ob temporura fubfecutorum et prefen' dctrimenta, viz. pefti- 
lentias folito frequentius ingruentes, terrarum fterilitates, cultorum et colonorum 
raritatem, fervientium paucitatem, immoderata et excefTiva eorum llipcndia, ac aug- 
mentatioQcm portionum vicariarum fuarum in tantum decreverint, er exinanit.1 
exiftant et diminuta, ipfique prior et convent' taxationibns, exaftionibus, iinpo- 
fitionibus et aliorum diverlbrum onerura gravitate, quafi vicibus continuatis plus 
folito deprefli ; nee non hofpitalitate et luftentacoe pauperum et debilinm pcr- 
fonarum ac aliorum ad dift' prioratum confluentium, multipliciter gravati exiflant 
ac fervicia et confuetudines eidem debita ita funt depauperata quod ipfius f;icult3tes 
hiis diebus non fufficiunt ad fuftentationenn congruam numeri canonicorum ex fun- 
datione diifli prioratus limitati, nee verifimiliter fufficere debeant infuturum, qua- 
tenus ex premiflis caufis et precipue in recompenfationem duarum ecctiarum paroch* 
fc' faaftorum Jofiis et Edwardi eifdem religiofis appropriat' quarum advocatio ec 
jus patronatus collegium Ste Trinitatis de CanteBr' ad inllantiam regiam, per do- 
nationem et conceffionem prioris et conv' de Bernwell predift' optinuit et fibi ad- 
quifivit, ac ipfas appropriare et facerc appropriare collegio Ste Trinitatis Cantebr' 
ut ipfarum ecctiarum fruflus in proprios ufus et perpetuos fociorum collegii Ste 
Trinitatis predifte cedant efFeflualiter laborat, quarum una propter exilitatem truc- 
tuum deftruftionemque domorum ac paucitatem inhabitantium ad edificationem col- 
legii regii in honore beate Marie et StiNichi de novo erecli, eft alteri unita. Ut cultus 
dirinus in difto prioratu augeri valeat in futurum ecctiam paroch' de Kingfton noftre 
dioc* cujus jus obtinent patronatus, eis ct eorum prioratui predifto corumque fuc- 
ceflbribus unire, auneftere, appropriare, ut in eorum proprios ufus perpetuo poffident, 
concedere dignaremur, et quod eidem ecctie paroch' de Kingfton poterint defervirc 
per vicarium tempora<cm, ad predi£t' religioforum voluntatem removend* nos prout 
ex officii paftoralis debito aftringiraur fubditis nris quatenus in nobis eft jufticie 
compleraentum impertiri, eorumquc neceffitatibus provided cupientes, et pro eo quod 
aliunde prepediti examination! et difcuffioni prefati negotium perfonaliter minime 
fupereffe valemus ad inquirend' pronunciand' examinand' et ea qute fuernnt vifa 
feu quomodoiibet oportuna, cum cohercionis cujuflibet canonica poteftate, vocatis 
de jure vocandis, vobis, de quorum fidelitate atque induftria ad plenum in dno con- 

B b 2 fidimus. 


fidiinus, coramittimus vices nras, ita quod ambo veftrum procedant et exequantur Id 
negotium. De die vero recept' prefentium, una cum modo et forma inquifitionis,. 
examinationis, pronunciationis, atque diffinitiunis predifl*, ac de omnibus et fingulis 
que feceritis in premiffis, nos certlficetis per literas vras patent' harum feriem con- 
tinent' figi'lo autentico figillat'. Dat' in caftro noftro de Wyfbech, penultimo die 
menus Septerabr* anno Domini MCCccxLvito, ct nollre conf * anno tertio. 

(Regr' Tho' Bourgghier, cpi Elienf f. 7.) 

Emanavit ccmmiflio ad inquirend* de jure patronatus ejufdem 
' ecclefie de Kyngefton. Dut' Mar' 3, anno Domini, 1457. 

Certificatoriiim ejufdem Commiflionis. 

INQXJIS I TORES dicunt quod didla ecclefia de Kyngefton vaeat ad prefens 
per mortem dni Thome Stafford alias Haldenham capni ult' reftoris ibm, et vacate 
incepit oftavo die menfis Febr' ult' elapfo. Et quod prepofitus ct fcolares coll' 
regalis B. iVIarie, et Sti Nichi de Cantebr' funt veri patroni ejufdem eccle et hac" 
vice prefat' rho' Rotherham et Walterus Fcid, clici, per qyandam concelTionem 
fpecialem predift' prepofit' et feclar' eis inde faft' funt veri patrcni ecctic aut di£le^ 
Et magr Johes Derby, LL. D. ultimo prefentavic ad eandem. Et difta ecclia noa 
efl litigofa neque pcnfionaria priori et eonventui de Bernewell, prout per evidentias- 
dift' prioris et conv' coram nobis judicialiter exhibitas plenius in eifdem liquet. Et 
de communi eltiraatione valet annuatim viginti marcas, nee didus magr Robertus 
Wodelarke prefentatus eft alibi beneficiatus, fed eft vir converfacois laudabilis, bene 
morigeratus, ac in faeris ordinibus conftitutus, facreque theologie profeffor, &e» 
Que omnia et fingula certificamus, &c. Dat' Mar' 14, 1437. 

Mar' 10, anno 1457, Robertus Charaberlayn, armiger, prefentat Mich' Gu3'anj, 
ad refloriam de Kyngeflon. 

Emanavit altera commiffio ad inquirend' de jure patronatus ejuf- 
dem ecclefie de Kyngefton, 8ic. Dat' Mar' 14, 145 7 ► 

Certificatoriuni inquifitionis predidle^ 

INQUISITORES dicunt ut fupra. Dicunt infuper quod nunquam fcireruns 
aut audiverunt quod predift' Robertus Chamberleyn, aut aiiquis alius nomine con- 
fmiili aliquem titulum feu prefentandi haberet ad eandem ccctiam, fed quod 
quntuor incumbentcs noviter prefcntatos ad eandem titulo et jure magrorum 
WiUmi Derby, et Johis Derby, erant pacifice poflelTionaci in eodem^ &c. Que 
omnia certificamusj ccc. Dat' Cantebr', Jun' 2, 14.5 8 » 



Litera domini Rogeri Chamberlayn, rnilitis, domino diredla flgillo. 

To the Right Reverende Fadir in God, and my fingular good L. the 
Bilhop of Ely. 

REVERENDE Fadh- in God and my good lord, I recommande me to you, 
and certifie you, that the provofl: of Cambridge and I have communed together for 
the patronage of the church of Kyngefton, in the county of Cambng. And 
where Robert my fon hath prefentcd to the sd church, Pleafe it your lordfhip to 
have in knowledge, and thereby to underflande that his title of prefentement is noc 
fo ftrong as he was enformed and counfailed fo to doo, but the provofl of Cambricr 
hath thereto verry right and title as by his evidences and the pofleffion of his title 
plenerly I am both enformed and acertayned. Wherfore I pray your good 
lordfliip to admitte the faid provoft's title without longer refpite or delay, for any 
intereffe that either I or my faid fon fhold have therynne. And this my writing, 
under the feal of myn armes (hall be fufficient furety to yourfelf from all manner 
of hurts et claymes. either by my faid fon or me as in the lawe or othenvife in that 
behalve. And my right good lord, God have you ever in his keeping. Written ac 
my maner of Gidding, the iii day of Jule. 

Roger Chamberlayn, knight. 

(Reg. Gray, epi Elienf, fol. 29 — 54.) 

Renunciatio magiflri Robert! Wodelarke juris et tituli fibi 
competen', in ecclefia de Kyngeflon, ratione prefentationis 
fiipra dide, Dat' Maii xi, 1458. 

' Anno 1458, Maii x. Rectus Woodlarke, prepofitus coll' regall', &c. et fcolarcs 
cjufdeni eccle de Kyngefton veri prefentant VViltm'Tovpne facre theol' profefforem 
ad eandem ecctm, et Julii 5, anno predido dus eps admilit eundem Wiltm Towne 
ad ecclim de Kyngefton, ad prefentacoeiii ejufdem collegii. 

Anno 1458, Jul' x8, DHs conceffit magro Waltero Smyth, facre theol' Bac" 
rcftori eccle paroch' Sti Benedidli CanteBr licentiam selebrandi et per alios cap'- 
nos idoneos celebrari faciend' divina in quadam capella in honore fande /.nne infra* 
pajoch' ecclie fundat'. 

(.Ibrn f. 38.). 




N" V. 

Taxatio ecdefiar' Elienf dioc' au(5lorit-ate ven' patrum dominor' 
Winton' et Lincoln' ep'or' fa6ta per mag'ros R. archin' Elienf 
etc. redoi-em ecclefie de SomerQiam, pofl- feftum S'ti Andree, 
A. D. Mccxci. Ex libro nio-ro Elienfi. 

Decanatus de Chefterton. 



Heketon, prior 

de Bernewell, percepit in decimis 

2 m. 



Hifton, St. Andrew, eadem 




46s. 8d. 
7 m. 







Decanatus de Cantabridgc. 



Cambridge, St. 


I m. 



Capella de Ben 


Decanatus de Brunnc. 

4 m. 
20s. 8d. 




Lollworth, portio pr' de B. 

Hungre battle, pr' de B. percepit 

Kempfton, in 


Decanatus de Berton. 




■ 40 s. 







I OS. 




Decanatus de Campes. 

2 m. 




Swafham monialium 









Nomina patronorum ecclefiar' et vicariar' Elienf dioc'. 
Ecctia St. Sep* Cantab' approp' priori et conventui de Bernewell, et ibi vicar' ad 
prefentat' eorund' prior' et convent. 

Ecctia S. Petri Cant' appr' pr' et conv' B. et regitur j capnum paroch'. 
Ecclia St. Egidii et Omn' Scor* ad caftrum appr' eild' priori et conv' et regitur 
p cap' paroch*. 

Hofpitale de Sterefbrygh : eft ibi hofpitilarius ex collacoe epi Elienf. 
Capella de Bern well appr' priori ejufdem et reg' p cap' paroch'. 



Decanatus de Cheflerton. 
Ecclia de Waterbech appr' pr' &c. de B. Eft ibi vicar' ad prefent* eorund'. 
Ecclia de Madyngle appr', &c. Eft ibi vicar ad preienr. 

Decanatus de Campes. 
Ecclia paroch' de Stowe cum Quye non approp'. Eft ibi redor ad prefent' Jotiis 
Trailly et Jotiis Dengayne ratione manerior' fuor' in Quye et Stowe alcernis vicibus 
[modo appropriat' priorat' de Bernwell. Eft ibi preft^yter paroch' '.] 
Ecctia de Hyngefton app' pr' &C. de B. Eft ibi vicar' ad prefent' cor*. 

Decanatus de Berton. 
Ecctia de Hardlcfton."! , , , „ tta -u* » j r .» « » 

Ecctia deCumbreton;fP ? " ^- ^^ ^- ^^ '^ ^ ^'^ P""^^^"^ '''' ' 

Decanatus de Shengeye. 
Ecclia de Gylden Morden. ] 

Ecctia de Tadelowe. > ap' p' ct c. de B. Eft ibi v' ad prefent' eor% 

Ecctia de Cranden. 

Decanatus de Brunne. 
Ecctia de Caldecot. ") , , j t, r-n -u- > j r .> » 

Ecctia de Brunne. ]'P P ^' ''' ^^ ^' ^" '^' ' ^ P"^'^'"' '^"^ * 

N° VL 

Placitum inter Cancellarium univerf et prior' de Barnewell, de 
X marcis, quas idem prior annuatim folvere tenet ur facer- 
dotibus in univerfitate ftudentibus et divina pro anima ep'i 
Elienf celebrantibus. 14 E. I. 

PRIOR de Barnewell fummonitus fuit ad refpond' magro Thome deHerT^'ngbam 
cane' univ' Cant' de plito quare cum idem prior faccrdotibiis in theoiogia univ' 
Cant' ftudent' ac pro anima magri Willmi dc Kylkeny quond' epi Elienl' divina 
celebrantibus x marc'adeor' fuftcntaiionem fingulis annis pfolvere dcbeat et ipfc 
et Jollanus prior, &c. pradeccflbr fuus p folvere conlucverunt p cartam ipfjus Jol- 
lani et conv' fui quam cane' inde habct, qui quidcm lacerdotcs p pr«d' priorcm et 
univ', Sic. qui pro tempore, &c. deberent provideri, 6cc. quas x marc' &c. prsd' 
prior p biennium lubtraxit indebite, &c. quo minus praed' iacerdoces. Sec. fludere 
jbm ct cclebrare iion poftunr, &c. Et &c. concord.itum eft, &;c» et habcnt chiro- 
graphum, Sec. inter affis' coram juft' regis apud Cam' in odavis Sta Trin' A. 14 
R, Ed' L 

Rot. 22. in cuft. I'hcf ct Cam' Scacc',. 

* What is ia hooks is jn a later band. 



Mandatum ad monend' omnes illos malefadores qui temj^Jore 
infurredlionis intrarunt piioratum de Barnevvell, et proilra- 
lunt arbores ibidem et alia mala ibidem perpetrarunr, quod 
reltituant, alias denuncientur. 

THOMAS, &c. dileclis filiis univerfis et fingulis, decanis, refloribus, vicariis et 
capetis paroch' per civitatem et dioc' noftras Elieiii' conftitutis, falut', grat*, et bened*. 
Ex parte relig' virorum piioris et conventus de Bernewell ordinis canon' Sti Augufl' 
noilrae dioc' nobis extitic gravi conqueitionc monfiratum quod cum omnes illi et 
fingiili qui de domibus, maneriis, grangiis, aut locis aliis ad archiep' epifc' vel alias 
peiibnas ecclefiafticas pertinentibus quicq prseter voluntatem aut pcrmifTionem do- 
minorum vel eorum qui funt hujulmodi rerum cuftodcs deputati, abftrahere, con- 
fumere, vel contraftare prefumpferunt, abftrahi, conilimi, vel contraftari fecerunt : 
IfLi hujufmodi abllradt' confump, contraft' i'uo nomine vel a famlliaribus iuis faftam 
ratas habuerunt vel acceptas ; funt iplb fafto tanquam ecclefiaftica; libcrtatis et 
immunitatis violatore.s, majoris excom' fententia per facras conftitutiones provin- 
ciales per bons memorise nuper Cantuar' archiep' cum fuis fuffraganeis in ea parte 
editas, debite publicatas, ec admiffas, lata damnabiliter involuti. Quidem tamen 
iniquitatis filii tus falutis prorfus iSiemores die Lunse prox' poft feft' Sti Barnabaj 
Aprili ultimo pr£terito aliifque diebus fequentibus quendam fundura fuum apud 
Bernwell inter prioratum ejufdem et magnam ripam quem eidem prioratui nupcr con- 
tulerat pia devotio fundatorum muris, fepibus, foffis, et aliis claufuris undique val- 
latum, cum fecuribus, gladiis, fuftibus, ct aliis armorum generibus cum magno ftrepicu 
et clamore et contra voluntatem difti prioris et conventus hoftiliter invadcntes ac 
prortratis muris, fepibus, et claufuris aliis penitus dirutis ipfum fundum furiofo fpi- 
ritu funt ingrefij, arborefque omnes et fingulas groflas et parvas cujufcunqiie 
generis, ac iubbofcum et filvam ceduam, lignaque arborum ceduarum inibi 
crefcent' proftraverunt ct funditus exciderunt, ficque proftrat' et excif una cum 
aliis bonis ibidem inventis a diclo fundo abduxerunt, cariarunr, contfaxerunt, alie* 
narunt, vendiderunt, et in ufus fuos temerarios pro fuo voluntatis libito con- 
vcrterunt, occulta-runt, et detinerunt, occultant et detinent in prefenti ; eave 
profterni, excidi!, abduci, cariari, coniredtari, et alienari ac vendi, occultari et 
dttineri procurarunt et fecerunt, feu hujufmodi proflrationem, excif, abd', cariat', 
contraft', alien', et vendit' ac occult' et detent' fuo nomine vel a famlliaribus fuis 
faftam ratas habuerunt ct habent pariter et acceptas : fententiam cxcom' maj' in 
<li£tis conftitutionibuset aliis a jure contra prefumptores hujufmodi latam ipfo fad:o 
proculdubio ncquiter incedendo ; in animarum fuarum grande periculum, diflor' 
relig' prcjudicium ct enormem Isefionem, ac libcrtatis ct iraunitatis ecclefiafticn: 
cvidens dctrimentum, et aliorum exemplum peffimum plurimorum. 

3 Nos 


Nos nolentes tarn horrendum facinus et dcteftabile flagitium conniventibii» 
Oculis incultum pertranfirc, ne ceteris tribuatiir audacia confimilia perpetrandi: 
ad lanfta; matris ecclefice injuriain ulf'cifcend' contra prefumptores hujulmodi in 
genercp cenfuras ecclefiafticasdccrevimus procedend',ct quanquam didiprcrump[oixs 
fint ipio faflo majoris excom' fcntentia, lit pra?mittitur, innodati, ex habundantis 
tamtrn, et ad eorum maliciam convincend' vobis et vcdruni cuilibet conjunftim 
et divifim in virtutc obedienti^ coniniittimus et mandamus quatenus onines et fin- 
gulos prtEfu.-nptorcs liujufmodi de quibus prjemittitur in eccldiis et locis publicis, 
ac horis et temporibus competentibus, ubi expedire videritis prinio, 2" et 3" peremp- 
toric reqoiratis et moneatis in genere, quos nos etiam tenore prefcntiLim confimiliter 
rcquirimus et monemus : quod ptcediita dampna, gravamina, et injurias p ipfos 
perpctrat' quatenus ad unumqucmque eorum attinet, prjefato priori et conv' feu 
faltem fenelcallo ejuldem ipforum nomine agnofcant fidelitcr et revolvent, ac bona 
quascunque lupra di6la p ipfos feu eorum aliquem poflefTa vel occupata, qualicunquc 
ti[ulo ad eos pervcniant, reibtuant, realiter et integraliter liberent, fi extent, vel 
fibi competenter latisfaciant pro eifdem fi non extent, infra fex dierum, 2 pro 
primo, 2 pro 2do, et reliquos 2 pro tcrtio ct pcrempt* termino. Ac monitione ca- 
nonica aftignamus, et vos etiam alTignctis, quod fi forte monitionibus vellris, 
immo vcro nodris, non paruerlnt, cum efFedtu, ipfos omnes et fingulos prcpfump- 
tores hnjufmodi fie ut pr.emittitur monitos et hujufmodi monitionibus non parentcs 
lapfo didt' monitionis veftra: termino in di(5lam maj' excom' fententiam incidifle ec 
excomunicatos fuiflc ct effe, et pulfatis campanis, candelis accenfis, ac cruce erefta, 
alTumptis'ad vos omnibus et fingulis capellanis in ecclefiis vefiris celebrantibus, 
ftolum in coUo vellro habentes, publice et folempniter denuncieti?, et denunciet 
quilibet veftrum qui prefent' mandat' noft' receperit exequend' ab hujufmodi de- 
nunciatione non cefiantes quoufque aliud a nobis habueritis in mandatis. Et quod 
feceritis in prsmiffis qualiterque privmifla fueritis executi, nos cum per partem 
diftorum reiigioforum fueritis congrue requifiti clare et diftinde certificetis et cer- 
tificet quilibet veflrum qui in hac parte congrue fuerit requifuus. Dat. in caflro 
£ro de Wilbech, 23 die Julii, anno dm 1381, et lirs confec' 8vo. 

Epit. Regift. epifc. p. 67. 


On Monday the 12th of July, 1549, the vice chancellor called all the heads that 
were prefent at the fchools together in hafl, to go with him after the mayor, to Barn- 
well, to put a Hop to a mob that were up, and marching along with a drum to 
the number of about 200, to pull down the fences «f C. Smythe's dole. Ihc vice- 
chancellor and mayor met ihem that d.iy, and came to agreement in S'. Mary's 
church the fame day ; but it was with a good deal of difficulty that they v;cre ac 
laft prevailed upon to dilpcrfe and be quiet. (Mifcel. P. C. C. C). 

C c N« 


K" IX. 

The Decree of the Court of Augmentation for 20s. paid yearly 
out of Barnwell priory. 

An Arbytrement for 20s. to be paid for the Houfe of Barnewell, 
to the Univerfity, for the liberties in Midfummer Fair. 

Ex Libri Nigri pergamei Acad'se Cantab' folio non numerato 
prope initium. 

HENRICUS O^flavus, Dei gratia, Anglic, Franclfe, et Htberni£B, rex, defenfor 
ac in cerra ecc!::e Anglicans et Hibernicc-e fLipremum caput: Omnibus ad quos prze- 
fentes literse pervenerint falutcm. Inlpeximus in';cr recorda et irrotulamenta curls 
augmentationum reventionum coron^e noflrje quoddam decretum per cancellarium 
et confiUium curiae prsdidfe faftum in hac verba. Memorandum quod termino 
Sc£e Trinitati«:, videlicet, viccfimo nono die Junii, anno regni domini nri Henrici 
oftavi Dei gra' A. F. et H. regis fidei defenforis et in terra ecctiffi Anglia lupremi 
capitis XXXVI placitum fuit in curia didti domini regis augmentationum reventi- _ 
onum coronte liije quoddam fcriptum indentatum fub figillis Willielmi Bokenham, 
WilTBurgoyne, et Thom^e Patenfon, cleric', et Joliis Puregold, generofi, fadtum et: 
figillatum, cujus quidem fcripti tenor lequitur in hac ver'oa. ' To all trewe Chriftea 
people, to whom this prefente wrytyng indented fiiall come, we William Betenhanij 
William Burgoyne, Thomas Paterfon, clerks, and John Puregold, of Cambridge, 
gentleman, fende greatinge in our Lord Code everlaftihg. Whereas certain variancies, 
llrifls, and debats were late had, moved, and dependinge betweene John, by God's 
iulTerance, bylhop of Rowchefler, and chauncelor of th' univerfitie of Cambrige, 
and the maylters and fcholers of the faid univerfitie on that one partie, and Wiltm 
prior of the monallery or priory of Barnewell next Cambrige in the count! of 
Cambrige, and the convent of the fame place, on that other partie, of, for, arid 
upon the right, title, clayme, and poUenion of certeyn lyberties, fraunchifes, graunts, 
cuftomes,and privileges, which the layde chaunceler, maiflers, and fcholers, clayme 
to have and" enjoye to them, and to ther fucceflbrs, ageynft the fayde prior and 
convent, and ther fucceffors, in the fayer of the fnyde prior and convent, holden 
at Barnewell, called Midfomer Fayer, during the tyme of the fayde fayer: For 
th' appeafing whereof the fayde parties have compremitted themfelf to ftande and 
obey th' arbytrement, ordynance, and jugcment of us the forefaydeWillmBokenham, 
Wiltm Burgoyne, Tho' Patenfon, and John Puregold, arbitrors betweene the fayde 
parties, by the will and alTent of both parties indiffercntlye chofen of and upoa 
the prcmifes. And to ftande and obey eyther of the fayde parties- are bounde to 
ih'o:her in the fomme of C marks iterlinge, by their feverall writings obligatorie, 


O F B A R N \V E L L A B B E Y. I7 

fealyd with their comon fealys,* beringe date the vi daye of the monthe of June, 
the 21 yere of the reigne of kynge Henry the Vllth. wyth condytyons accordynge, 
lb that our fayde awarde, ordynaunce, and jugemente were made, and athis fyde 
the fcaCle of the tranflation of St. Edwarde the kynge and marter nexte folowinge 
after the date of the fayde obligatyons, as yn the fame obligdryons more pleynely 
dothe apperc. And we the fayde arbitrors takyng upon us the charge to awarde 
and deymeatwixt the fayde parties of, and upon the premiffys, have dyvers tymes 
fene, hard, and examcnyd the evydence, wrytyngc, tytles, and proves of boihe the 
fayde parties concernynge the iayde premiflys, with good and great delibcratyon ; 
and therupon, by th' alient, wyll, and agrement of bothe the fayde parties, make 
our awarde, ordinance, and jugement acwixt the fayde parties, the 18th daye of 
the fayde monythe of June, the faid 22 yere of the reigne of kynge Harry the 7[.h, 
in nianer and forme folowinge: Fyrfte, we awarde and deme that the faid prior and 
convent, and their fucceflbrs and afligns, fhall have, holde, and enjoye, for the terme 
of 60 yeyrs next followinge after this prefent date, yf the faid fayer contyncwc and 
cndewer lb longe, all fuche lyberties, fraunchefys, and pryvilegys, as the fayde chaun- 
cellor, mayfters, and fcholers aforefayde, or any of them clayme to have, and of 
right have had withyn the fayde fayer durynge the tyme of the fayer, cxepte cog- 
nytyon of plees, and all other caufys, whereas a fcholer, fcholers, fervaunte, or 
common mynyfter of th' univerfitye, or eny of there fervaunts be parties ; and alfo 
we awarde and deme, that at the ende and terme of the faide 60 yerys, that the fayde 
prior and covent, and ther fucceflbrs and afligns, fhall have, holde, and enjoye all 
the fayde premiffys, excepte afore exceptyd, unto the ende and terme of other 
60 yerys as then nexte followinge : that the fayde prior and covent wyll therunto 
agree, and therof make notice unto the faid chaunceller, maiflers, and fchoJers, or 
to ther fucceflbrs, before th' end of the fayde 60 yerys, fo that the fayde fayer con- 
tinue and endewere fo longe. To and for the whych premifes we alfo awarde and 
deme that the fayde prior and convent, ther fixceflbrs and afllgnes, fliall yelde and 
paye yerelye dewringe all the fayde terme to the chaunceller, maifter, and fcholer?, 
and to ther fucceflbrs, or to ther certeyne attorneye or alTigns, 20s. fterlynge, at two 
termes in the yere, that is to witte, atte the feafts of Seynt Michaell th' Arkcangel, 
13s. 4d. and the Annuntyatyon of our Lady, 6s. 8d. duryinge all the fayde term : And 
over that we awarde and deme, that yt fhall not be laweful to the faid prior and 
convent, ther fucceffors nor afflgnes, the faid term and intereft yn the premiiTys to 
anye perfon or perfons to lete, gyft, or afTigne, without the wyll and aflent of fayd 
chaunceller, maifters, and fcholers, and of other fucceflTors. Into wytnes wherot 
to bothe parts of our awarde and jugement, whereof the one parte to remaine to- 
vvarde the fayd chaunceller, maifters, and fcholers, and th' other towards the faide 
prior and convent, and their fucceflbrs, we the fayde arbitrors have fet our fealys 
the fayde i8th daye of June, the fayde 2ifl yere of the reigne of king Harry VII. 
p me,W. Bokenham j p me.WilhTi Burgoyne -, p me,T. Fatenfon ; p mc, J. Puregold, 
Confermed bi decree in the Court of augmentation. 

N. B. This fentence is written with archbifhop Parker's 
own hand, which fee in the beginning of the black 
parchment book. 

c c 2 N' 


N' X. 

Among Hare's Colledions in the Cotton Library. Fauflina, C. III. 

Refcriptnm Gregorii Papae IX. ad priorem cTe Bernewell et can- 
cellarium univ' de quodam ftatuto obiervari faciendo pro cuf- 
todia figilli monafterii Weitm' fub 3 clavibus, quar' una femper 
in manu abbatis ibidem remaneat. 

GREGORIUS epus fervus fervor' Dei dileflis filiis priori de Bernewell, ct can- 
cclbrio de Cantebr' Elienf dioc' fal' et aplicain bened'. Exp'-fira nobis dilei^i filii 
abbatis Wefhri' petitio continebat quod cum dim venerabili fratri liro epo et dilefto 
fiiio priori Elien' et college ipfor' vifitationem ipfius monafterii duxerimus 
tendam difto collega legitime excufato, iidem vifitatores perfonaliter accedentes ad. 
locum et intelligentes quod nonnulli committebantur ibidemque vergebant in jaflu- 
ram ejufd' monailerii et a regulari modeftia plurimum diflbnabant ut cum figillum 
pvediifli monafterii fub tribus clavibus et a tribus monachiis fcrvaretur et abbjte in 
confulto prcdiifto idem monaflerium e fie t ad providendum quibufdam clcricis fecu- 
laribus p conventus lui literas obiigatum et multa de bonis ejufd' p didtum con- 
ventual alienata iliicite vel diftrafia vcl in cnormem ipfius monall-erii lefionem, ut de 
cetera una de predittis clavibus p abbatem fervaretur eundem et alia quodam pro- 
vide rtatuerunt ibidem pro reformatione ordinis et obfervantia regulari prout in 
eor' literis dicitur plenius contineri. Quarc fuit nobis humilitcr fupplicatum ut 
llatuta ipfa faceremus firmitatem debitam obtinere. Qiiocirca difcretione i:ra p 
apoftolica Icripu mandamus quatenus ftatuta ipfa ficut rite ac provide pro utilitate 
ipiius monafterii fafta effe conftiterit faciatis fublato appellationis obftaculo fir«^ 
miter obfervari, contradiftores p ctnfuram ecclefiafticam appellaiione poftpofita coni- 
pefcendo. Datum Perufii^ 7 kal. Dec' Pontificatus iiri anno 8. 

Ex Bib. Cotton. Fauftina, C. III. f. 189. 



N° XI. 


Querelse communitatis ville de Lenn Regis contra burgenfes ville- 
Cantebr' et priorem de Berne welle de quibufd' injuriis. 

RAD 'US de Henmore^ qui fequitur pro tota commiinitare ville Lenn, veiiit et 
queritur de tone burge Cantebr', et depriore de Bernewell, de hoc quod ipfi injufte 
diftrinxerunc hoies ville de Lenn venientes cum mercandis fuis apud Cantebr' et 
apud nundinas de Reche et de Bernewell, pro flallagio et theloneo. Qtii dicunt 
quod; ipti habent cartam dni regis nunc in qua continetur quod id dus rex concelnt 
eis quod quieti fint de theloneo, ftallagio, paflagio et libertatibus prout plenius 
continetur in predida carta p totum regnum Anglie excepta civitate London*. Et 
dicunt quod ballivi de Cantebr' et prior de Bernewell fuat ficut in feifina de vadiis 
burgenfuiai de Lenn,exigendo ab eis thelonium ec (laliagium contra tenorem prediclc 
carte, et petit ilia vadia fibi reddi quieta. 

Et major Cantebr' et prior de Bernewell modo veniunt et petunt predidam car^ 
tarn libi ofcendi, ct bene concedunt quod fi contineatur in pdidla carta quod quieti 
efle debent. Et fuptr hoc venit pdcus Rads et olkndit eis pdidani cartam in aua 
continetur quod quieti eflc debent de theloneo et llallagio, et ideo confideratum eft 
quod pdiAus Rads habeat vadia fua quieta, &c, Et preceptum eft prediftis majorr 
et priori ne amphus prelumant devadiare hoies de Lenn pro ftallagio vel theloneo. 
contra tenorem carte Cue iuper grave,m forisfadluram. 

Pl.ic. Cor. ap. Canteb. cor' juft' itin' in Odtavis See Trip, 14 E, L in culir 
Thef. ec Camerarium Scacc'. Fauftina, C. IIL f. 220. 

N° XII. 

Bulla Eugenii papse priori et conv' de Bernewell, cujiis virtutc? 
valeant demittere ad firmam fuas pofTeffioncs, &c^ 

EUGENIUS eps et papa dilef^is fiiiis priori et conventui prioratus de Berne- 
well ordinis St. Augullini F.lienf dioc' falutem et aplicam benediftionem. Sacre 
religionis lub qua devotum Altifllmo exhibetis farnulatum promeretur honeflas, ut 
in hiis que favoris Hint et gracie nos vobis promp' gaudeat invenillc. Cumquc 
ficut cxhibita nobis nuper pro parte veflra peticio contrnebat, vos nonnullas ecctas, 
terras, poUefiiones, penliones, et porciones prioratui veftro de Bernewell ordinis 
Sii AuguCiini F.lienl' dioc' canonice annexas et appropriatas ac ad ilium legitime 
pertiaentes habere nofcamini, quas per vos iplbs pcilbnaliter commodeque regere 



«t giibernare non poffitis, et pro ipfius iitilitate prioratus plcrumquc conveniat 

ecciclias, terras, poffcffiones, et porciones eafdcni perlbnis aliis pro certa annua re* 

fervacione in arrcndam vel annuam penfionem concedere poteritis, et affignare pro 

piirtf vrllra, nobis Iruit humiliter lupplicarum, ut vobis ecctias, terras, [jofiVlTiones, 

pcnfiones, et porciones ]Mefatas qiiibufcunque perfonis eciam laicis, arrendandi, 

locaiidi, ku ad firm'am vel annuam penfionem concede'ndi, licentiam concedere, ac 

alias )uper hiis opo tune providerc benignitate aplica dignarcmur. Nos igitur 

Jiujuimodi lUjjplicacionibus inclinati, ut etctias, rerras, poflclTiones, et porciones 

fu, rad'.das, uoicunque, et in quibufcunque confidant, perfonis eciam laicis hujuf- 

nii;di perprtu ■> vei ad tempus de quo vobis videbitur arrendar' locare, feu ad firmaru 

vel penfionem hujulmodi concedere et aflignare, ac ipfe peilone laice ecctias, terras, 

policfllones, et porciones prediftas in arrendam, locacionem, feu firmam, vel penfionem 

prcmillam recipcre et retintre libere liciceque valeatis, et valeant vobis et ipfis, aufto« 

ritate a(4ica concedimus per prefentcs ditccfanorum locorum et aliorum quarum 

libet fupcrhoc licenciam minime requifita : Non obftantibus conftitutionibus aplicis 

aut Icgatinis feu iynodalibus vel provincialibus; necnon prioratus et ordinis pre- 

didtorum juramento, confirmacione aptica, vel quavis alia firmitate, roborat' ; itatut' et 

confuetudinibus ceterifque contrariis quibufcunque. NuUi ergo omnino homini 

liceat banc paginam noitre concefllonis infringere, vel aufu temerario contraire. Si 

quis autem hoc attemptare prefumpferit, inuignacionem omnipotenis Dei et bea- 

torum Petri et Pauli aptorum ejus fe noverit incurfurum. Dat. Florencie, anno In- 

carnacionis Dnice miliimo ccccnao xlmo fecundo, quarto ktn' Januar', Ponti-^ 

ficatus noftri anno duodecimo. 

Exhibita fuit Original' in regfo dni epi Eliens xij die Oft. anno Diii 1454, coram 
ven' viro magro Rogero Radclyff, LL. D. offic' Elienf, per diim Wil' Theobald 
canonicuni dilute domus de Barnewell. 

Extrad' e regro vet' Elienf vocat' Le Black Book. 




ProcefTus Barnewellenlis, 


Procefftis habitus pro confirmatione qnoriindam ilatutoriin), privi- 
legiorum, necnon confuetudinum univerfitatis Cantabr', prout 
habetur in univerfitatis regiltro vulgariter didt' The Black 

MARTINUS ' fervus fervornm Del dileftis filiis priori mon' de Bernewell, per 
priorem foliti gubernari, Elienf dioc', et Jolini Depyng canonico Lincolnienfi in 
eadem dioc' rclidenti falutem et apticam ben. Sincere devotionis affeftus quern diledti 
filii iiri doftores et fcolares univerfitatis ftudii Cantabrigiie Elieni' dice' ad nos et 
Romanam gerunt eccliam promeretur ut eorum petitionibus illis prefertim p qure 
ipforum priviligia et jura conferventur eifd' favorabiliter annuamus. Sane pro parte 
doftorum et magrorum et fcliolar' nobis nuper exhibita petitio continebat quod olira 
felicis ri.cort!ationis Honorius primus predeceiTor iir pro incremento et in favorem 
doifiorum et fcolarium qui tunc erant et pro tempore forent univerfitatis tiujiifrnodi 
p quafd' literas Tub dat' Roma apud S. Petrum anno ad incarnatione Dni v^ xxiiii.. 
7mo. die mentis Feb' inter cetera diftriftius inhibuit fuL poena excommunicationis 
quam veniens in contrarium incurreret ipfo fafto ne quis archiepus, epos, archidiac', 
aut eorum officiales in aliquem doftorum et fcolarium eorundem iufpenfionis vel 
excommunicationis feu interdifti fententias ferre aut ipfos vel familiares eorum 
moleilare prefumerent, fed rcdor ipforum doftorum et fcl:iolar' de confilio fan'ioruni 
et feniorum ejufd' univerfitatis fecundum eorum flatuta, caritate femper media, 
corrigere et emendare (luderet prout ftudentium faluti magis videret expedire. Ac 
etiam piae memorie Sergius etiam papa primus fimiliter predecelfor lir etiam pro 
incremento et favorem liujulin' dc°, xc°, ix^, die tertio Mail, inter alia decrevit 
quod nulli arcliiepo feu epo licet univerfitatem prcdi<51:am aut aliquem doclorum et 
fcholar' eoruncem fufpendere, vel excommunicare, feu quoir.cdolibet fub interdiclo 
ponere abfque fummi poniificis adenfu vel ejus fpeciali mandato prout in ipfis 
!ris dicebatur plenius contineri, quodque fuper inhibitione ac decreto necnon eorund* 
predecellorum fupinde confeftis iiujufm' quedam ipfms univerfitatis atuiqua flatuta 
coiBuni confenfu et deliberatione matura magrorum doflor' prcdiilor' ad bonum re- 
gim;n et ftabilitatem ejufd' univerfitatis ordinata fundantur. Et quod etiam ipforum 
inhibitionis decreti ac trarura vigore canc;llarius dicix univerfitatis pro tempore ex- 
iftens, qui fub cancellarii denominatione inibi vicem reftoris obtinuit omnimodam 
fuper corrigendis, et decidendis caufis et negotiis fnpponito5 et pfonas hujufm* 
continentibus juriidiftionem ecclafticam et ipiritualem exercere confueverit, cum 
autem ficut eadem petitio fubjungebat de originalibus diftorum predeceffor' tris 
hujufm' ex eoquod propter diuturnitatem temporis cum jamfeptinginii anni et ultra 

* ManinV. 


ab illarum conceffione defluxerinr, aut ex earum cudodnni negligentia aut alia« 
cafualiter deperditie vel amiffe funt, licet plurimre ipfarum copia de antiquillima 
fcriptura in archivis ejufd'. Univerfiratis recondit;f escape nofcamur, doceri nequear, 
pro parte noihorum clodtorum ct ("colariLim prctator' nobis fuir. humiliter luppii-* 
catum, uc eo'um ct didti- univerfitatis ftatuitt indempnitatib' liipliiis oponune pro- 
vldcre de benii^nitate aptica digiiarcmur, nos igitur dc prcniiftis certain notitiam noti 
habentes hu uini fupplicationib' inclinac' diffictioni vrae per aplica committimus et 
mandamus quaienus lingularuni trarum fr gulis copiis hiijusiil in forma publica 
nobis exhibitis, fi ct poftquam npbis Icgitmit conitkerit- nros dodores ct Icolares qui 
pro tempore fuerunt acuniverfiratem prediQis in pacifica pofienione vel quali iilus 
et exccrcitii coclcfiafticje et fpiiitualis jurildidionis ac oblervationis, inhibitionis, et 
decreti hiijus a tanto tempore fuilT- et tde quod niemoria in contrariuiii nun exiftit 
eild' maS^ns doi5toribus et f holar' obfervautiam inhibirionis tt decieti ac utum et 
exercitium junldictionis ccclefiaflicre et ipiritualis hu')usm authoritate nra approbetis 
ac ctiam confirmetis, non oblldntibus pien/illis ntci.on apli^is et pruvinciahbus, et 
finodalibus ac bona nienwrior Cdcnis et Octoixjni olii.. m regno Anglis ledis apiicje 
k'^atorum conftitutionibus, cett-rilquEe contrariis quibulciinqiK- •, quc/d li non ambo 
hiis exequendis potueritis commode interclle alte, v:um eo nichiiominus exequatur. 
Dat' Roma; apud Stos Apt s Iccundo nono Julii, pontificatus iin anno '3010. 

Reverendo in Chrilto patri et ctno dno Henrico ' Dei gratia Ca:ituar' a chu po et 
Philiipo "" ejuld' gfa Elienl' epo eorum vicariis in fpiriiualibus ac offic' tmbuique 
aliis et finoulis quorum interelt vel mteieHe potcrii, ct quos infra ]criprum tangit 
ne^otium vel tangcre poterit quomodolibet in hiiurum cijulcunquc digniiatiS, flatus, 
oradus, oruinis, conduionis, aur prfficmujemur exiitunt, leu qu' cui.que nomine cen- 
fcantur, ad quorum notitiam prelentem iirum procefium Icu coiitenta in eodcm con- 
tioerit pervcnire poterir, prior prioratus de Bernewed. Eiicnl' dioc' executor ct 1 omif- 
farius ad infra Icripta una cum ven' viro' magro Joline Depyng, canoi.ico Lincoln, 
colle"a nra licet tunc abienteet legitime excufato cum ilia ciaulula (quod fi non ambo) 
a fede aptica dcputat' falutem in dno et mandatis nolhis imo verms apticis firmiter 
obedire. Li'as landlifl"' in Chrilto patris et dm nri i'vlartiiii uivina providentia 
Papa; V. ejus nomine vera bulla plumDea cum cordula c.mapis more Romane 
curie bullata non viciatas, non cancellatas, nee in aliqua lul parie corrupt' led 
omni prorfus vitio et fuTpicione carentes nobis p dilcreium viruin iiuigrum Wiltuni 
Wrawbye in Theologia Baccalaur' 14 die menfis Uftob' anno d'ni ccccxxxmo 
indictionc nona pontificatus fanftiil' in Chrilto p.itris ct cfni d'ni Martini fupradifti 
divina providentia Papx- Quinti anno xiij in ecctia conventuali pretati pnoratus pro- 
curatorem alma? et immaculate univerfitatis Cantebrigia;' diChe dioc' ac cancellarii, 
doclorum, matrrorum, ct Icnolar' tjuld' univerfitatis iepublice allerentem prout nobis 
notario et tellibus hie in fublcriptione notarii dcfcriptis p Iras pjtentcs tub nomine 
univeifitatis, cancellaiii, dodtorum, magiltror' et icholar' j)rcdid:or' notarie faft ac 
figillo coniuni univerfitatis prediftiE realucr comui itas conllabat ad plenum, "i enor 
veto diClar liarum patentium liquiiur, et ctt talis. 

Patcat univerfis p preientes me joliem Kolbroke, S. T. P. univerfitatis Cantatjt* 
Elienf dioc. cancellar' magros, dodores, et Icholarcs oiifte umverluatis tt ftudii 
iinanimi aflenlu et conlenlus tcciiic, coiiUituifle, et ordinalle, dilcdlos nobis in Chrilto 

» llcmy Chichley. * J'hilip Morgan. 

1 niagros 

O F B A R N W E L L A B B £ Y. 33 

magros Radulphiim Duckworihe, Joftem Athyll, Wiltum Wrawbye, ct Willum 
Sill' c'icos, et coium quemlibet, in folid' nras veros et univerfitatis nre predict* le- 
gitimos prociir:uorcs ac4oruin, ne»otioriim, geflorum, et nuncios fpeciales, dantes et 
Concedenrcs eifu' procuratoribus iiris et cuilibet eoiuai in Iblid' i)Iena n ct liberam 
poteflatem pro nobis et univerfitate lira predifta in Romana curia et cancellaria 
ejnfd' impetrandi contradicendi tam Iras (impliccbquam legend! gratiim feu juAitiam 
Conrinentes prefentandi, prorpcjuendi, et eai um caufas et materiiis excipiend' petcndi, 
in !oca et judices convcniendi, confenricndi, et contradicendi, necnon coram quibui- 
cunque judicib' cognltorib' inqiiifitorib' ordinariis feu eoruai couiiilariis ac fedis 
aptice delegatis ex officio mere feu martinario, vel ad j-artis mftantiam, feu aliter 
qualitercunque proccdentibus feu proceflijris in omnibus caufis, negotiis, litibus, con- 
troverfiis, querelis, p vel contra nos feu univerfitatem riram predial' niotis feu mo- 
vendis, et fpecialitcr in negotio confirmationis quorunilum privilegiorum nrorum ct 
univerfitatis nre prcedi6l' et executionis cujufdam bullae aptice confirmatorio ab ea- 
dcm fede nobis ap' n';S obftante, itn, yidelicet, quod non iit melior conditio occupantis, 
fed quod unus iucepit quilibet eoruni libere profequi mediate vaieat ct finire, po- 
teflatem itaque generalem et mandatum fpeciale pro nobis ut premitiitur et univer- 
fitate predi.f>a coniparendi,agendi, defcndendi, excipiendi.replicanni, libellandi, articu- 
landi, feu quamcunque aliam fummarie petitionem verbo vel in fcriptis femel dand' 
minii^rand' petend' recipiend' et proteftand' litem feu lites conteftand' et contellari 
petend' et audiend' juramentum tam de cainmnia quam de veritate dicend' et de 
coilulione vitand' et quodlibet aliud genus liciti juiamenti preftand' et jurand' po- 
nend' articuland' pofitionib' et articulis refpondend'interogatorum minillrando teiles,. 
tras, privilcgin, indulgentias,inflrumenta, et muniraenta quKCunque exhibendi et often- 
dendi interefle iiium, alleoandi, et admittendi, patendi, et in teflcs et eorum difta 
dicendi crimina defedtus objiciendo, obje6tis feu objiciendis refpondendi, in integrant, 
rertitutionem damnornm, eftimationum e\pens'er iniereire quodlibet, ncc non et a qui- 
bufcunque iufpentionis.excommunicationis, interdifli, et fequcitri fententiis a jure vel 
ab hore latis feu ferendis, abfoluiionis et relaxationis beneficium petendi, rccipiendi, 
et obiinendi in judices notaries et loca confentiendi vel diffentiendi, ac eos et ea recu- 
fandi, pronuntiationes faclendi, peiendi, et audiendi, concludendi, et concludi petendi 
fenrentias tam interloquatorias quam definitorias ferri petendi, et audiendi, et ab ei> 
et quolibet alio gravamine in judicio vel extra nobis feu univerfitati Tire illatis feu 
inferendis provocandi et appcllandi, provocationes et appellationes notificandi et in- 
timandi et earum cauias profequendi aliura vel alios procuratorem vel procuratorcs 
fuo loco et cujuflibet eorum fubltituendi, fubftitutum aut fubflitutos in fe et eorum 
queiidibet re-affumendi, et generaliter omnia alia et fingula faciendi, exercendi, et 
cxpediendi que in. premilTis vel circa oportuna faerint feu quomodolihet necelHiria 
pro eifd' vero procuratorib' iiris et eorum quolibet fubflitutis vel fubllituendis ab 
eifd' vel ab eorum aliquo, nos ratum, gratum, et firmum ppetuo habitari quicquam p 
eofd' vel eorum aliquem aiftum, geflum, feu procuratum fuerit in premiffis vel in 
aliquo premiflb (ilb vd judicatum folvi cum omnibus claufulis fub ypotetica et obli- 
gatione omnium rerum iiiarum promittimus, et cautionem exponimus p prefentcs. 
I-n cujus rei tefliraonium ligilkim iirum commune prefentib' duximus apponend'. 
Dat' Cantabr' in novacapella univerfitatis arc 10 die Oclobris anno Dni 1^30. Nos 

D cum 

34 A P P E N D I X T O T H E H I 3 T O R Y 

cum ea que dccet noveiitis recipiiTe quaram' frarurn apticarum tenor dinofcitnr eiTe 
taiis ; Maftiniis epus (ervus fervqrum Dei dileiStis fili;5 priori mon' de Bernewell, &c. 

' ut in bulla Martini imediate pvecedcnre. 

Poil: quanim'quidem lirerarutn apticarum prefentationem et reccptionein prefatus 
>Yi;'rgr Willmus procurator nos Guni inftanria reqaifivit iit ad executinnem diflarurrr 
trarum apticarum et in cifd' contentorum procedcre ruiaremus. Nos igitur prior, 
executor, et comiffiir anredift' volcntes tanquaiU obedienti;-e filiiis Iras et nrandatum 
aptlcura fupradift' in hac parte direft' reverrnter excqui ut teneniur au6toritate 

. a;)Tica nobis in hac parte dircft' et ccrSilTi, 'coiiliJerata forma didarum Irarnm de 
raore, conluetudine, et juriidiiftionc cancellarii et univerfitaris predict' aliifqt'.e in difiis 
tris apticis feriofius'Gomprehenfis juxta ipfari:nn continentiarn et tenorem fummarie 
et diligcnteV ihqiia;fivimus veritaiem. Et quia p inquilitionrni ct fumariani cogni- 
tioncm bujufmodi ex fide dignorum tedimonio rejierimus cance'.larium diftir uni- 
verfitatls in pofleilione et exercitici ecclefiafticas jurilditSiorti'S fuili'e et eflV, idcirco lios 
executor apficus antedift' de Bulla atdica pnrdiifla et contcnta in eadern plcnioreai 
nofi'tiam habere voicntes prcmifl' quarto dccimo die et icco pro tribunali icdintcs 
cid' magro Wilhno Richer in apparitoreUi eleft' et prip..irus depUtat' diem Luna? ex 
tunc prox' fequent pod d\S.' qnartum dccimum diem eid' nir^gro Wiltmo procuratnri 
omnibufque aliis quorum intereft vel interclTe poterir in h jc parte ad comparend' 
allegand' et proponend' et ad cetera que ad negotium vrl in neeptio contirraationis 
in prefatis Iris aptlcis content' fnerint faciend' et expediend' in domo capitulari 
prioratus iiii pradicii prsfiximus et aiTignavimus; quo quidem die Luua?, viz. i6 die 
in,:nf' Odob' anno Dorriini lupradifti, idem magr Wdts' procurator prcdift* coram 
vobis executore aptico antedico' in dielo domo capitulari pro tribnnali fedcnte pro- 
curatorio nomine quo fupra comjjaruit, et quofd' articulos infe^itis de fcript'Ioco ct 
nomine libelli fumarii indifl-or'confirmationis negotio pro parte cancellari', m grorum, 
doflorum, et fcholar' univerf prjeoicifr p no? admitti petiit, et iuper nos cum 
debita inrtantia requilivit. Copia vero articulorum predift' fequitur in hac forma. 

In Dei nomine, Amen. Coram vobis priore prioratus de R'eriie'well, Elienf 
dioc' executore aplicoet delegato, una cum magro Jotine Depyng, canonico Lincoln', 
collega vro, cum ilia claufula quod fi non ambo ad prelens ie licite excufanre ad 
exequerd' certas tras apticas fup' confirmatione quorundum privilcgiorum p Homanos 
pontifices cancellario doftoribus et fcholaribus univerfirads t'antabrisiae di<ffe dioc' 
indubitataiuni a iannnque confuetudiuum et jurifditlioni's eccUfise urivcrfitatis ejnfd' 
legitime ('qutat'. Ego Wiltus Wrawbye, S. T. B. procurator et procuratorie 
.nomine di<floi* (Cancellarii, doft' et icol' univerfitatis predifte infrafcripios articulos 
do, <acio, et exhibeo, et p vos due executor' nomine quo iupra cos eteorum quem- 
libet admit! peto, ad quos proband* offero parat'. 

I. Iiiipriaiis articulo et probare intendo quod Roman! pontifices inhibendo de- 
creverunt ct p eorum fcripta inter alia concelTcrunt doftorib' et I'cohir' uni\ eriiiatis 
predict', quod nudus arcldepus, epus, archidi. c', aut eorum ofiicialcs in aliquam doc- 
tnruni et Icholar' pr;rdid' I'ufpenlionis, excommunicationis, feu interdidi lenrentias 
ferrc, aut ipfos leu eorum familiares ijifamve unlverfitatem moleftare feu quomodo- 
libet (ub interdido ponere pridumet tub poena excominunicatioKis quam conirave- 
iiiens incurfcret. iplo f'aifto. 

2. Item 


2. Item quod fuper inhibitione et decreto hujufmodi nee non aliis p fedem aplicam 
eiJ' .uniyei-i' cancelP nonnulhi di£te uiiivcrb' 0;:.tuta de comiini conlilio et dclilx- 
ratipne^matui-a mngroruni dGclor" u-aiverfiiatis predidt' conciita hint, cariCellarlukjue 
diiflsp univers' pro tempore exiftensj qui fub cancellapii denominatione inibi \iccm 
redloris obtinuit et obtinct juxta diaa priv.ilegia et llatuta omniirioda fuper cor- 
rigend' et puri'end' cxcefius I'upponitorura feu pfonarum ditte univ' ac tog- 
nofcend' et detiden4';ca.uris ct negOiiis' fupponitds et perfonas hiijufmodi contin- 
gentibus jurifdictioncm ccclefiarticam et fpirituakm exercere confuevit et cxercet 
pacincc in pr-fenti et avticulariter diviinii. 

3. Articido et intendo pr(>bare ego procurai' prediflus quod omres et finguli 
fcolaies feu clerici in lacris etin minoribus ordinibus conilitini, curat! et non curat!, 
ad linivtrl'' Cantabr' gratia ftudii coiifluentes tarn feculares quam regulares, exempti 
et non exempri, cujufcunque gradus, Ibtus, conditionis, ordinis, vel dignitatis fuerint, 
quamdiu in univerlitate predidta expedantes et ut fiudentes exillunr, eorum etiain 
famm<ire5 ac ejuid' univerl' miniftri corfiunes, necnon fcriptores, iliiiminatorcs, li- 

. gatorefque bbrorum, atque ftationarii, tuerunt et funt ac folent et effe debeht tam ex 
antiqua confuetudine p teaipus cujus contrarii memoria bujurrnodi non exirtit pa-' 
cifice.uhtata, quam ex concelli'ine aplica, deet fuper jurifdicdone ecclef;aflica et fpi- 
ritual! cancellarii univerfitatis piedidt' p tempore exi^entis. 

4. Item quod cancellarius difte univ' quicuuquc pro tempore fuo exiflens in per- 
fonas ac in eorum rebus omnem et cmnur.od' uium et juvifdiftionem ecclefiafticanx 
criiTjiiium et exctfTuiim corre^iionem, dcbnquentium piinitionem, pcenarum ec 
niulctarum impoiltioncm, relaxatior.em, et cxafiionem, ttflamentorum plbnarum pre- 
diftarum ai.probationem, infinuationem, et reprobationem, ac cenfunt cujufcunque 
ecclefiallica? exercitium a tempore cujus contrarii memoria non ex:flit, habuit et 
habet folum et in folid' fcientiinis ct toleraiitibus quibufcunque, archiepis, epis, " 
archidiac' provinc' Anglicana;, et de omnibus et fmgulis predjftis difpofuit prout in 
prefcnti difponit. 

5.. Item quod diift' cancellarius quafcunque pfonas etiam fibi non fubdit' nee 
fubjeft' contrahentes cum perfonis fupradidtis cid'cancellario fubditis vcl fubjeflis vel 
crga eafd' feu earum aliqueni deliiLjuentes, folebatet debet maxime inobedicntes et 
rebejles per cenfuras ecclefiafticas compefcerf, caftigare, fufpendere, excommunicare, 
et abfoivere, ficut quoque poteft, debet, et foJet, principales perfonas fibi fupponitas 
in rertio articulo. 

6. Item quod omnia et fmgula prajmiffa funt publica, manifefta^notaria, ct firmofa, 
et fuper eifu' p i.ioc' Elienl' et ali^a loca convicina laboravit et laborat publica vox 
et fama. 

Qiiorum fa6>a fide qis in hac parte requiritur, peto ego procurator antediftus 
omqem et omnimodum tifum et jurifdicftionem ccclefiatbcam folum et in folidum 
quam ad perfonas in icrtio aniculo fuperius expreffas ad canceliar' univerfitatis 
prffid' pro tempore exigent' p yos dne prior executor antedictus pertinere ct per- 
tinere debere, decern!, et dcclarari, iplumque ulum ct exercitium fpiricualis jurif- 
di^iionis cancellariis univerfits.tis prsed' juxta conceffiones apticas et laudabiles 
conluetudines univerfitat s i>riefatEE audjtoritate . aplica vobis comill' approbari et 
confirniafj, ukeriufque fieri, quoniam veftroincunibic officio in hac parte. Quibus j> 

D 2 ricjs 


n s admiiris idem procurator ad eos proband' tcrtes prox' infrafcriptos produxit; 
viz. Jotiem Dynne, Juliem Thorp, Walterum Barley, Tho' Marchande, Willum 
Lavender, Tlipmam Thirkiil, Wilkim Soil,, quibu-; per nos admilTis tc de dicend* 
in diit' caDl'a vericate fupraviiftis articulis et in ciid' contentis in forma juris juratis 
iecrere et fioillacim p nos diligencer examinatis, quorum depofuionum tenores fe- 
quntur in hiis verbis. 

jolines Dynne, ccntis 79 annoru'.n, liberie onditionis et bonse fjmx ut dicic 
teltis admiPuis, et juratus, et diligenter examinatus iuper p'imo articulo, et dicit quod 
continet veritatem ; interrogatus p quid Icir, dicit quod vidlc diverla privilegia et re- 
fcripta apoftulica tenorem primi articuli continentia. Interrogatus luper lecundo 
articulo dicit quod continet vtrritatem. Interr.igarus quomodo i'cit quod nonnuila 
flatuta facta p cancellar', magros dodlorcs przeJidns vidk' et piomulgationeni icu 
publicationem hujiifmodi ftatutorum varias poenas et eccticas continent' 
audiv'it, et di^tuin canceliarium pro tempore exident' qoandoque p le quanduque ejus 
comiff^rium jurifdidtionem ecclicarn et cognitionem cauiaruni luppunit- r' et [)cr- 
Ibnarum univerfitatis pra;d' tarn in perfonis quam caufis eos contiigeniibus vidit p 
fexaginta annos exercere. Interrogatus fuper articulo luoius recitatoet in eo contentis 
dicit quod hoc novit et vidit quafi j? 60 annos qu.iiiter cancellarii prnnlif s univerl"' 
Canrabr' habutrrunt prout adhuc haberu omnes et finguli omnem et oninimodutn 
jur'fdiiflionem eccticam foiurn et in folidum in et de perfonis in dicto tertio articulo 
nominatis, et exercitium ejufd' in cifd' perfonis et earum rebus ohtinuerunt er ex- 
ercuerunr, etficquiiibet eorum hibuit et exercuit, et realiter line ahqua interruptione 
ufu; fult. Interrogatus qui fuerunt lili cancellarii qui exercitium et jurildidionem 
hujufin' habuerunt, dicit fcientia fua quod iRi viri venerabiles magri et dodores, 
viz. Ricardus ie Scrope, Johnes Dunwyche, Eudo le Zouch, Joties Burgh, \A^illus 
Colvyle, J()ftes Neketon, Ricus Derham, S'ephus le Scrope, J'-lies Hikynhail, 
Rob:us Fitzhugh, Marmadukus Lumeleye, Joties Holbroke, canceilarius, et alii 
quamplures de quibus non recolit ad prefcns. Interrogat' de quar o articulo dicit 
quod continet veritatem de fcientia fua prout fuper depifu't, et quod omnes et finguli 
cancellarii fuis temporibus in perfonis tertio articulo lupius contentis et in eorum re- 
bus habuerunt omnem jurifdic^nem ecclicarn et in eas delinquentes infra territorium 
univerf predictor' p cenfuras eccticas, puta p fufpenfionem et excommunicationem 
et alias pcenas, conr;pffcerunt et punierunt, tefiamentorumque earund' perfonaium 
omnium et fingular' infra univerfitate decedentium ex eorum officio conceflerunt 
adminidrationes, bonorum hujufm' calculum recepcrunt, plenarie aquietancias con- 
cefierunt,et fie fecit quiiibet de videre et notitia fua, nee unqunn audivit contrarium. 
Interrogatus an di6li cancellarii ifta p eum depofua folum de confuetudine habu- 
erunt, dicit quod non folum de confuetudine ufuali fed etiam de priviltgio eidcm 
univerf et cancellario ejufd' a diverfis pontificib' Romanis antiquitus concefT', et 
dicit fe tenorcs divcrfos difti privilegii vidifle et legiffe. Interrogatus ultra de 
fcientia et tollcrantia archieporum, eporum, archidiac', diric »Hiod continet veri- 
tatem de fcientia fua, quia cuftodes fpiritualitatis epatus Eiicnf t- ticns quotiens 
ipfius fede vacante deputati official, etiam eporum et archidiai' Eiicnl' continue 
intra diftam univerf fpedantes ejufd' univerfitatis cancellario jurifd clioncrn 
hujufm' in perfonas fibi fubjc<5t' continue exercere noverunt et fine interruptione 
aliqua a tempore cujus conirarii, &c. pcrtnifJeruntj <£t de prelenti quitte per- 




■mittunt, quod fine notitia et permifTione diclor' archieporum, eporiim, et aichidiac* 
iJnorurn fuorum non poffit fieri quovilmodo. Ipfimet ctiaiii archit-pi et epi, quorum 
unu3 nuie Jolks Fordham jam nupcr Eiitiil' hujulm' teniporibns quibus didt' lilicT.i' 
dioc' vifitabant cum ad villani Cantabrigia; dcclinarunt ad requifitioncrn canccUarii 
univerfitatis prted' pro tempore exiflentis privilegia ct conructudines ipfius univer- 
fitatis intimantis et publice dcclaraniis a corrtctione, ufu, et exercitio iuritdi6iionis 
ecclefiafticfe quoad perlonas eidcm cancellario liibjeft' totaUter fijperffderunt. In- 
terrogatus fupcr quinio ariiculo dicic quod contintt veritarem ; requifuus p quoci 
fcit, dicic quod novic ec vidk quafi p 60 anncs qualiter cancellar' prsdid;' et alii 
quol'cunque laicos et cticos non fuse jurirdiftioni luppofitos in perfonas fibi lubjedt' 
et tuppofic' delir.quentes vel ofFcndentes cum cilb' peiicnis qualitercun-que contra- 
hentes non tolum p poenas pecuniarias ct corporales juxta privilegia regum Angliae 
eis concefia fed et p ccnfuras ecclefiafticas correxerunt, conflrinxerunt, et caRigariinr, 
et redcmptioncs pcenarum tarn temporaiium quam fpiritualium limitarunt, feccrunr, 
et reccperunt, ec cos a ceiifuris ecckfialticis ablolverunt. Requilitus fuper Itxto arti- 
culodicit quod continet veritatem quoad depofua per eum, et dicit (luod fie fuit et eft 
tentum, reputatum, ct vulgaricer promulgat' p terrpus et tempora cujus et quorum 
contrarii memoria vel mcinoric non exiftic feu exiflunt. Kt ultra dicit quod 
nee vidit nee audivit aliquem dicentem quod vidic vel audivit contrarium uficatum, 
nee quod aliquis majorum luorum viderit vel audivcrit diAum reputatum leu juda- 
catum in contrarium, et fie dicit eft communis opinio. 

Johes Thorpe, fcxaginta et octo annorum, libere conditionis et bonje famce ut dlcir, 
ct tefiis admilFus et juratus, interrogatus fuper premiflfis articulis oJbus et fingulis 
concordat cum conteftc fuo preccdente in oibus, hoc e.NCepto quod non eft tantie 
statis, ct quod non vidit riec novit Ricardum le Scrope prsdict' cancellarium. 

Walter Barley, setatis 58 annorum et amplius, liberae conditionis et bona fam^ 
ut dicit, icftis admiflus requifitus diligenter fup prsmifiis articulis oibus dicit quod 
continent veritatem. Et deponit ut depofuit primus conteftis fuus prajterquam 
quod non eft tantte artatis et quod non novit prirdiiRa nifi p 42 annos, ncc aoyic 
Kicaidum le Scrope, nee Joti;m Dunwyche, prsedicft' cancellar'. 

Thomas Markande ', zetatis 40 annorum et amplius, teftis admifi'us et libera con- 
ditionis et bona; fam^e ut dicit, requifitus diligenter fup premifl"' articulis oibus 
€t fingulis dicit quod continent veritatem, et concordat cum primo contefte fuo ex- 
cepto quod non tft tanr^ fetatis, nee pr^difta nifi p 30 annos vidit, nee novit Ricum 
Scrope, Johem Dunwyche, Johem Burgh, nee Wiltum Colvyle, prjcdidl' cancellar*. 

Willus Lavender, xetatis 48 annorum, libera conditionis et bon^ famje, ut dicit, 
teftis admifl"us et fup' prsmiffis diligenter examinatus, concordat cum fuo prasdido 
contefte in omnibus. 

Tho' Thirkvil, a'tatis 40 ann' et amplius, liberje conditionis et bonce fams ut 
dicir, teftis adm flTus, juratus et examinatus fup prasmiflis concordat cum proximo 
contefte fuo in oibus, et cald'caufas reddit Icientiie. 

Wiltus Sull, 26 ann' ct amplius, libera conditionis et bonte famje ut dicir, teftis 
admifl'us, et examinat' fup content' in articulis novit p 10 annos in ceteris oibus cum 

' Probably the fame wlio was fellow of Corpus Chiifti CoIIe e :nd proflor 1417, oie of tlie ino^ 
eminent antiqmries of his time, who made a collec^tion ot ihe pri\"Hcg«, ftmute-, &:c. of the univer- 
fi'.y, now among their archives. He died 1439. Maliers' Hill, of Corpus Chiifli College, p. 41, 41^ 



prox' contefte fuo concordat, excepro quod non nr>vic alios canccllarios de pras- 
didlis quam Rubtum litzhugli, Marmaducum Lumtleye, ec Jclkm Holbrckc, 

Detnum depofuiomim priEdi^orum teftium piib'icritione fa£la et streflationum 
prtrdiift' cidein prociiratori cererirque omnibus qu runi iiitereft leu intcrefie 
porerit in hac pnrte copiisp nos decret' ulieriorilque produclionis termin' denunciac' 
nihil diil'-vel objfft' contra tefies feu eorum depofuiones, diem Jovis extunc prox' 
fequent eid' ppcuratori ca^rerifque quorum intereil vel intereffe poterit ad proponend' 
oniflia utfafta exillent in difta dom' captari pro terniino ultro et pereniprorioaffigna- 
vimus; quo quidem die Jovis advenientc,viz. 19 die nT^nf 0(5iob', anno Dnifupcadift', 
inftrumentum publicum copias quarund' iiaruni, privilegiorum, et iiidulroruni apti- 
coruni continens, una cum aliis cvidentiis, muiumentis, et fiatutis a l.bro uatutcrum 
d'\6i?c univeri' clicitis et extraiiis in fublidium probacionis prsedidlse coram nobis 

Copia vero didli inllrnmenti pubiici fequitur in hsee verba : 

In Dei' nomine, Amen. Per preiens ]iub!icum inflrumentum conflet embus 
maiVifefte, quod anno ab incarnatione CTii fecurdum curfum et coniputatioiiem eccli^ 
An'glicancE Mccccxxix, indiclione 7ma5 ponrificatus fancftifl'' in Chrii'lo patii's et DiiT 
liri Dni Martini divina providentia Paper V'ti anno xiimo, menf Sept' die noho, in 
capella 'Corporis thrifti infra ecctiam paroch' beatce Marife virgihis Cantabrigiie' 
fciiuai', in mei notarii publici et teflium fubfcriptorum pra^fentia ccnflitati'perfo- 
naliter ven' viri magri Jotiis Wolpett et ]<fiU Botwriglit ', magn in artib' univerfitatis 
Cantabr' pr^cd' Elienf'dioc' procuratores duas tras apticas, unaiti, viz. Jotiis xxdi, 
alteram vero Bonifacii ixni quondarn Romanorum Pontificiim, more curia; Piomdnorum 
buliatas, regiflrumque ejufd' univerf variorum et diverforum juriura, privilegiorum, 
libertatum, munimentoruni, ac jurifdiflioncm prtefats univerf et ipfam univerf cbn- 
cerneniium, copias continens, et inter alia duarum bullar', unius fcil' Honorii !mi, 
alteriufqueSergii, quond'eliam Romanor' Pontificum, ab archivis ejufd' univerfitatis 
extraliendo protulerunt, exhibuerunt, et oflcnderunt palam etpublice, tunc ibm alle- 
gantes fe eas in diverfis mundi partib' in jurium et jurifdictionis dicl;^, univerfitatis fub- 
fidiuui et defenfionem, ut afferuerunt, exhibituros, et fPpter earum notoriam vetuflatem 
et viarum pericula eas ad jianes remotas corncde cariiue nequire, et ea occ;ifione tranf- 
cripto exemplare aut copiis plurimum indigere. Undemihi notario et teflibus infra- 
fcriptis prffidiftas bullas ac etiam regilbum pradift', afcultanda et infpicienda tradi- 
derunt et iib'eravcrunt, atrente requirente et rogante, prai'iabitis deliberatione et in- 
fpeifiione diligentibus fupcr eifd' nle notar'difias bulias tranfumere, tranfcribere, five 
exeiftplare et diflum' regiftruin quoad ilia! duas bullas fideliier copiare, et fuper in- 
fpcftione, traiifumprione, iranfcriptione, excmplatione five copiatione hujufm' pub- 
licum uiUrumentum conficere, et te.ftes fubfcriptos in premiffis ttftimonium i^hibere, 
ijuarum unius, fcil' Johis pap£ xxiidi tenor fequitur et efl: talis. 

Jolies cpus fervu-3 fervorum Dei, &c. iHic infcr'ibi debet ^bulla inlegre prciit ftipra 
bahetiir fol' imo Inijus volumnh. 

Tenor vero bullae Bonifacii fequitur in Iiiis verbis. 

' Jolin Bonvrighr, who was proaor tli's year wiih John Wol[ ett, was chortn niafier of C. C. C. in 
thi; iiniverfity, 144.3, was n'l'tor of Swaffham hi the couiuy of Noifolk, his native town, and d\ing 1474, ■ 
was buiied in bia cliurch, where lii. monument remains. Mailer^' Hifi' of C. C. C. p. 45—48. 

5 Bonifacius 

O F B A R N W E L L A B B E Y. 39 

"Bonlfaclus cpus fervorum fervus Dei, Sec. Ilic eiiam infcribi debet hu'i'a Bcfii/adi 
papa integre ficut ir.firkiir fupra foT zdc. 

Seqiiunttir etiam hie bidUs dua, viz. Boncrii et Sergii paparum j quis quidem bulla 
■itraeniantitr fupra, fol' 3^/4. 

Tenor vero alioriim miinimenrorum et flnrtitor' fcqultur, ec efl tali?. 
. Item excommunicamus et excommunicatoa cienuntiamus ot-s p'.urbatores pacis 
iTOiverfitaiis Cantabrigia', ac etiam omnes et fingulos privilcgia, iibertates, ftu con- 
fuetiidines api-robata et confucta indebite feu maliciofe im[)Ugnantes, encrvantes, 
itnpugnationem ieuinnervationem eonind', feu aliciijus eorum confentientes, faventes, 
feu conlulenies, feu quovis qua-fuo cciare iinpui^np.tioncm, feu enervationem, ut pre- 
raittitur rnachinaiite?, feu procurantcs clam vel paLim, direfte vel indircfte, omnium 
et finouloium in liac parte delinqueniium abfolutione cancelhuii IfHus univerfiratis 
fpecialiter lefervata. 

Statuimus fub poena etiam anathcmatis quod fi aliqui fct lares a!.iquem fciunt fub 
nomine Icolaris fe gcrere vel in focietate fua aliquam habeant qui magrum non habeat 
ac leftionibus ordinariis magri fui fecunduin formam pr£di>Ram non interlit, vel qui 
concubmam fuam manifefte tenet, vel aliquo mode p figna manirefta vel fa^ii evi- 
dentia malce opinioris fuerit, et hoc quia fur vel incontincns pacis pturbator fuerit 
magio iuo denunciet, vel cancellario ut poft dcnuntiationem ftatim ab univerfitate 
expelli poffit. 

Item moiiemus primA, cdo, et 3110, fub poena excommunicationis majoris, ne quis 
de c^tero in vicis fcholariurn turbationem aliquam pulfu, tractu, feu quovlfmodo 
faciat, foveat, aut procurat, aut eodem die feu aliquo alio tempore fiant conventiculce 
feu concurfus fcholaiium alicujus facultatis p fe vel facultatum llmul ad difponend' 
eligend' vel uominand' eis capitaneum, ducem, cancellarium, procuratorem, vel be- 
dellos, feu quemcnnquc alium vel alios duflores vel alios ofRciarios quocunque nomine 
Gcnfeantur, nee ad hujulm' conventiculas vel concurfus faciend' campanas pulfand* 
cornu vel tubis dangent, nee quovis alio qua;fito colore convocent feu faciant con- 
gregar', ac infup in hujuim' contravenientes fentontiam fecimus in hiis fcriptis, fuper 
quo llatuto decernimus quod talis contraveniens ilatim auftoritate nra pro excora- 
rnunicaio p ecclias denuiitietur, nee ab hujufm' exccmunicatione abfolvetur quoufque 
c\{\x univerfitatis communi ratione hujufm' excell'us fuam communi.folvic duplicar. 

Provifum eft etiam ije publico coveje p plateas de csetero fiant, fed omnino in- 
hibeantur, quia vifum eft univerfitati p hujufmodi coreas plurimapoffe evenire pe- 
ricula. Item ftatuium quod omnes did' inhibition' contravenientes ipfo faflo in 
fencentiam incidere exconiunicationis, et ideo inhibeat canccltar' de ca;tero hujufm' 
coreas fieri fub pcena anathematis, poena nichilominus incarcerationis hujufm'-tranf- 
grcflbrib' iminenie. 

Item ftatuimus qucd fi clericus alium lira: univerfitatis clericnm ad forum feu judi- 
cium laicale de cetero vocari, trahi,vfel in caufa convenire fecerit, feu convenerit, vel 
qtiomodolibet in hac parte ve.xaverit, extunc ipie necnon quicunquediftas univerfitatis 
clericus cujufcunquf ronditionis extiterit confilium, auxiliuni, vel favorem eifd' in 
prx-mifiis vei eorum aliqun pra-ftans ipfo fa-£to fententiam excommunicacionis incurrat, 
a qua mfi tam univerf prau1id:e jui ifdiftio fuerit ufurpata vel impedita quam parti 
quic turbata iu hujufm' perfecucione fuerit de injuria dampnis, expenfis, et intercfie, 



prills p eundem integre fecit fatisfiiftum p di£t' univcrfitatis canceliarlnm prefi- 
dcntcm vei quemcunque nullatenus ablolvacur. Quod (i hujufm' ablokitio prastcr 
vel conrra formatn pr^dift' aliqiialitcr fuerit impenia ip!b jure niillius peniteas fit 
momenti. Item flatuiinus fiib pcena excommunicacois quam extunc in rxn p ... 
fecimus in hiis fcriptis ne aliquis vel aliqui fefta et folempniiates Sanclor' Huyonis, 
Edmundi, Cutiiberti, Wilti Ebor, in aliqiio loco fmgulari publice j) communi con- 
curfu fcholarium cujufcunque nationis deputat' celebrare attemptent, fed quibuflibet 
in fua parochiali eccta Deo et Sco cui devotus eft, fi velit, cultiim augeat divinum. 

Quibusp nos, petente didto procnratore, debite pnblicatis, decretis copiis 
omnibus cas habere, volentibus, datus eft dies Veneris prox' tunc fequens, ad audi* 
endam in difla dome caplari fententiam confirmationis et approbationis privilegiorum 
et confuetudinum didt.^ univeriitatis )uxta mandati aplici nobis dirtdti exigentiam 
et tenorem, fi proponenda et propofifa non obfiftant. Qiio quidem die V'eneris prox* 
tunc fequente adveniente, viz. 20 die fepe dift' menfis Odobris, nobis pro tribunal! 
fedente in doino eaplari fopius antedift' di(5ioque procuratore fententkim confirma- 
toriam poftulante, proclamationeque pubiice facia de nro niandato an aliquis volu- 
erit contra iirum procefium objicere p Willum Richer, apparitorem irrum prsd', 
Bullo contiadiftore apparent?, nee aliquo alio propofito feu objeclo quod noltruni- 
proceffum potuit impedire, ad noftram fententiam proceflimus p huac modum. 

In Dei nomine. Amen. Nos prior prioratus de Barnewell, Elienf ' dioc', executor,. 
€t commiffarius ad infrafcripta auttoritate aptica deputatus, una cum ven' viro- 
magro Joline Depyng canonico Lincoln' collega iira, cum ilia claufula (quod fi non 
ambo licet abfente et legitime excufato) prout nobis p inftrumentum public' evi- 
denter apparuit figno et fubicriptione magri Radulphi Bemyngton notarii publici) 
confignatum p magrum Willum VVrawbye, canceMarii magrorum do^or' et fcholar' 
univerfitatis Cantabrigian diflse dioc' procuratorem cum debita inftantia fuimus requi- 
£ti quatenus ad prolationem fentcntice confirmatoriae privilegiorum, confuetudinum, 
et ftatutorum diflje univerfitatis procedere dignaremus juxta formam predict' nobis 
fpccialiter direftorum. Idcirco nos comiffar' antediftus rimatis per nos depo- 
fitionib'tellium produclorum, infpcftifqueomibuset fingulis inftrumentis piiblicis, pri- 
vilcgiis; evidentiis, munimentis, aliifque ftatutis indifta caufa produftis et exhibitis, ac 
jnvelligato toto proceffu in hac parte coram nobis habito a-tque gefto de confilio 
jurifperitorum nobifcum aflidentium a/i fententiLC prolaiionem procedimus in hunc 
modum, &Co, 

In Dei nomine. Amen. Quia nos prior antediftus executor aplicus p a6>a aciitata- 
dedu^a et exhibita coram nobis invenimus fufiicienter effe probatum quod Romani 
pontifices in favorem dotf^orum ct fcholarium univerfitatis Cantabr' prsdicls eifd' p 
fua refcripta aptica concefterunt et deftrric^ius inhibendo fub poena excommunicacois 
quam vcniens in contrarium incurret, et ipfo fac^o ne quis architpus, epus, archidiac', 
aut eorum official' in aliquem doftorum feu fcholar' univerfitatis proed' fufpenfionis, 
excoTucois, feu interdicti fententia ferre,aut i, io& aut familiares enrum moleftarepra?- 
furaerentjfed reftor ipforum do^orum et fcholarium deconfiliio fcniorum et fanioruirv 
cjufd' utiiverf fecunjum corum fta:uta_,charitate femp' media, corrigere et emendare 



ftuderet prout fludentium faluti magis videret expedite. Decreveriint etiain qct 
nee liceret eifd* archiepis, epis, archid' univerlitatem ipfam vel al^quem dodlorum feu 
fcholar' ejufd' excommunicare, fufpendere, feu qiioir.odolibet Aib interdifto po- 
nere abfqne fummi pontiP aflcnfu vel ejus i'peciali mandate; quodque fur^er inhibi- 
tione et decreto hu'iufm' necnon tris fuperinde conteclis qusedatn univeifitatis arni- 
quiora ftatuta coinuni confcnfu et deliberatione matura magrorum etdoflorum prtcd' 
ad bonum regimen univerfitatis pra^didt' ordinata fundantur. Et quia ipfoi urn et 
inhibitionis decreti et literarum vigore Invenimus quod cancellar' diflje univerfi- 
tatis pro tempore esiflens, qui fub canccUarii denominacoe inibi vicem reftoris 
obtinuit atque obtinet, fuper corrigend' et puniend' excelTus fuppofitorum feu per- 
fonarum ejufd' univers' ac cognofccnd' et decidend' caufis et negoriis fuppofitos et 
perfonas hujufm' contingentib jurifdiftionem ecclefiaftican; et fpiritualem exercere 
confuevit etiam a tempore cujus contrarii memoria non exiltet prout exercei notorie 
in prcefenti abfque perturbacoe, molellatione, feu inquietatione arciiieporum, eporum, 
archid' eorum offic' quorumcunque ; imo quia reperimus archiepum, epum, et archid' 
ab omni et omnimoda jurifdiftione ecclica et fpirituali in difta univerl' et ejuid' 
fuppofitis ac perfonis fe totaliter ablHnuilTe; idcirco nos prior antedicflus in hac 
parte executor apticus ipfas concefliones, obfervantiam inhibitionis et decreri, pri- 
vilegia, ftatuta illorum et exercitiura jurifdiflionis ecclicce et fpirituahs hujusm auc- 
toritate aplica nobis in hac parte comilfa approbamus.laudamus, ratificamus, et in hiis 
fcriptis p nram fententiam confirmamus tris apticis non obltantibus necnon provui- 
cialib finodalitS necnon bonce memorise Oiflonis et Oftoboni olim in Anglia fedis 
apticse legatorum conftitutioniB ceterifque contrariifque quibufcunque. In quorum 
omnium et fingularum teftimonium prsefentes Iras iiras patentes feu pr^fens publicum 
inftrumentum nrum proceffum et ejus feriem continens exinde fieri et p Ricum 
Bightefleye audoritate aptica notar* publ' praedift' fcribam nrum in hac parte 
fcribi, fignari, et publicari mandavimus et juffimus, ririque figilli appofitionc fecimus 
comuniri. Data et afta funt hiPC anno, indiftionc pontificatus, menfe, lucis, prope prin- 
cipium hujus publici inftrumenti denotatis, dieb' tamen variis, menf ' Odtobris, prout 
p proceffum fpecifice defignatur, prefentib' difcretis viris magris Wilhno Gull. Jobs 
Smyth, JoheCapmakc, clicisEbor' etLincohi dioc', et plurib' aliis teitib' ad preinilla 
vocatis fpecialiter et rogatis. 

Tenor vero didi indrumenti excufatoril (viz. Johnis Depyng canonici Line') 
nofcitur cffe talis. 

In nomine Dei, Amen. Per prefens publicum inftrumentum cundis appareat evi- 
dcnter qd anno ab incarnationc dni fecundum curfum et coniputationem eccti.-^ Angli- 
cans 1430, indiftione 9a, pontificatus fanftilT' in Chrifto patris et Dili nri Dili iV]ar- 
tini divina pvidcntia Pap^e V. anno 13, in ecclia parochiali Sti dementis Cantebr', 
menf Odtobr die 11, in mei Radi llemyngron, notarii publici, triunique fubfcip- 
torum prefentia pfonaliter conftitutus difcretus vir niager Wiltus W'rawby, cancellarii, 
magrorum et dodorum univerfitatis Cantebr' did' Elienf dioc' procuratorcni ad 
hoc legitime deputatum palam et publice tunc \t>m fe afierens et affirmans, qualdacn 
Iras ejufd' fandiff' Dili iiri Dili Martini divina providentia Paps fupradidi ejus 
vera bulla plumbea cum cordula canapis appendentc more Komana; curia bullatas 

E noii 


Bon viciatas.noii canceliata^, non rafas, ncque ab 'litas,nec i.i aliqua fui parte corruptasj 
fed omni vitio et fufp finiftra ut mihi notario fupraJifto videatur carentes, 
de et fuper iiegotio confirmationis quorundam privilegiorum univerfitatis pra>d' et 
corund' executionis a fedc aptica nomine univeifitatis pried' obtent', .-ecnon venerab" 
viris priori prioratus dc BerneweU did;' Elienl' dioc' et Johni Depynge canonico 
I.incoln' in eadem dice' rcfidenti cum ilia c'aufula qd fi non ambo, &c. a dida 
fcde aptica dired' Tub dat' Romas 2do non' Juiii anno pontif ' ejufd' fandiff' D'ni 
iiri fupradidi ^duxit, et cid' magro Jotii Depinge, tunc iBm in ecctia Sfi Clementis 
prsd' prjeienti eald' tras prjEfentavit et exhibuit, ac revcrentcr palam cum variis 
inliantiis pluries fupplicavit, ac etiam requifivit eund' quatenus onus hujufmodi 
Irarum fuper fe affumeret, et juxta tenoreni earund' cum cffedu ^cederet, quibus p^. 
iplum magrum Johem fupradidt' cum ea qua decuit reverentia et humilrtate receptis- 
ac fcriofe perle^lis (pteftabatur publice ct ^mifit fe mandatis apticis in Ileitis et ca- 
nonicis femper obedire paratum, aflerens tamen et affirmans fine aliqua fiftione (ut 
dixit) qd exccutioni trarum aptlcarum hujufmodi p tunc vacare non poterat propter 
magna et ardua eccliam cathedral' Lincoln' conccrnentia quibus ad tunc prsepeditus 
erat et multipliciter occupatus, et fie p ilia inftantia magro VVilto Wiawby, pro- 
curatori lupradido, donee tempus magis congruun> alias fibi vacaret, notificavit, et fe 
publice exculavit, quam etiam excufationem didto priori college fue notificari voluit 
f: prefentes •, fuper quibus igitur prffidudtione, pra?fentationc, icceptione, fupplica- 
tione, requifitione, et excuiatione tarn mager Jolies Depyng praed' quam inager 
Wiltus Wrawbye, procurator anteditt', requifivit me notarium fuperdid'fibi et aliis 
quorum intereft fuper hiis conficere publicum inflrumentum fivepublica inftrumenta^ 
Ada fuerunt et funt hjec prout fupra fcribuntur et recitantur fub anno, indidione». 
pcnti'ficatu, menfe, die, et loco predidtis, prefentibus difcretis viris magro VVilto Gull, 
iragro in artib', ac Johne Smythe, ctico Ebor' et Lincoln' dioc', teftibus ad premifla 
vocacis fpecialiter et rogatis. Et egoRadus Remynton, cticus Ebor' et Lincoln' dioc' 
publicus audoritate aptica notarius priemifiis produdioni, prcefentationi, reception!,, 
fupplicationi, requifitioni, et excufationi fupradidis caterifque aliis et fingulisdum fie 
(ut premittitur) agebantur et ficbant fub anno, indidione, pontificatu, menfe, die, et 
loco predidis una cum [)ra;nominatis tellibus prefens perfonalitcr intcrfui, eaque 
omnia et fingula fie fieri vidi et audivi, feripfi, publicavi, etin hanc publicam formam 
redegi, fignoque et nomine meo folitis et confuetis fignayi, in fidem et tertimonium 
omnium pra-miflbrum rogatus et requifitus. Et ego Ricus Pightefleye, elicus Lin- 
coln dioc' audoritate aptica notarius publicus, &c. z// in loco fupra jncmorato ufqiie 
/zi irrZii? (teftimonium omnium pra^mifforum) imiufive \ foft hcnc verba fequentia 
ibi oniijja hie inferi debeant, rafuram vero iflarum diiflionum ' Alia loca' in 6i linea a< 
capite hujus inftrumenti computand : approbo ego notarius antedidus, ac etiam con- mihi notario de interlincamentis ifiarum didionum ' quos' in prima linea lecundie 
membranae, et ifius didionis ' matura' lupra 55am lineam a capite fecundae mem- 
branx' computandc), quos approbo ego notarius antedidus defeftus meos corrigendo. 
Habetur in archivis academuz in publiea forma fub Jigillo prioris et conventus BernC' 
zveUenfts. Ex Coll MSS. Hare. 

3 Eugenius- 



Eugenius epus, fervus fervorum Dei, &c. in futuram rei memoriam. Dum attentse 
confideratlonis indagine pfcrutamur quod per literarum (India favente cliarifmatum 
cunftorum largitore Diio viri crefcunt fcientiis eruditi, divini nomiiiis fideique catho- 
licae cultus protenditur, omnibufqiie profperitas conditionis adaugeatur humans, li- 
benter non folum loca quibus hujufmodi (ludia vigent,illorumque fuppofita gratiis et 
libertatibus fulcirc laragimus, fed etiam ilia qua pro ftudiorum fubfiftentia necnon 
eorum et lappofitoriirn hujufmodi favoribus proinde fadta comperimus, ut illibata per- 
fiftantcuma nobis petitur aplicsconfirmationis munimine roboramus. Dudum llqui- 
dem pro parte dileftorum filiorum magrorum, dodtorum, ec fchoiarium univerfuatis 
ftudii Cantabrigis, Elienf'dioc' piae memorise Martino Pap^ quinto prcedeceffori nro 
expofito olim foelicis rccordacois Honorius Papa primus et pr^edeceiTor nofter pro 
incremento ec in favorera dodorum et fchoiarium qui tunc crant et pro tempore 
forent univerfuatis hujufmodi p quafd' tras fub dat' Roms apud stum Petrum ab 
incarnat' Diii 624 die ymo menf Feb', inter cstera dellriclius inhibuerat fub pcena 
excomois, quam veniens in contrarium incurreret ipfo faflo, ne quis archiepus, epus, 
archid' aut eorum officiarii in aliquem dodorum et fchoiarium eorund' fufpencois 
vel excois feu interdifli fententias ferre, aut ipfos vel familiares ipforum moleftarc 
prsefumercnt, fed reftor ipforum doftor' et fcolar' de confilio feniorum et faniorum 
cjufd' univerf fecundum eor' ftatuta, charitate femp media, corrigere et emendare 
fluderet prout ftudientium faluti magis videretur expedire, ac pia; memorise Sergius 
etiam Papa primus fimiliter prjedccefTor fir etiam pro incremento et in favorem 
hujufmodi p alias fuas tras fub dat'ap' Lateranum anno ab incarnat' hujuhnodi 699^ 
3tio die menf Mail, inter aliadecreverat quod nullis archiepo vel ejSo licerct univcr- 
fitatem pr^edift' aut aliquem doftorum aut fcholar' eorund' fufpendere vel excom- 
municare, feu quomodolibet fub interdifto ponere abfque fummi pontif aflenfu vel 
ejus fpeciali mandato, quodque fup inhibitione ac decreti necnon Honorii et Scrgii 
pradeceiTorum noftrorum fuperinde confecftis tris hujufmodi qurcdam ipfius 
univerf* antiquo ftatuta communi confenfu et deliberacoe matura magrorum et 
doftorum prsedidt' ad bonum regimen et ftabilitatem ejufdem univerfitatis ordinata 
fundabantur, ipfarumque inhibitionis cc decreti et literarum vigore cancellarius 
didae univ* pro tempore exiftens qui fub cancellarii denominacione inibi vicem 
reftoris obtinuerat et tunc obtinebat omnimodam fuper corrigendis puniendilque 
exceflibus fuppofitorum feu perfonarum ejufd' univ* ac cognolcendis et decidend' 
caufis et negotiis fuppofua et perfonas hujufmodi contingentib' jurildidionem 
eccticam et fpiritualem exercere confueverat, quodque de originalib' didtorum Ho- 
norii et Sergii prsedecefforum liror' tris hujufmodi ex eo quod propter diuturnitatem 
temporis, cum tunc feptingenti anni et ultra ab illarum concelTionc defluxerant, aut 
exearum cuftodum negligcntia aut alias cafualiter dcperditae vel amiffae fueruiu, licet 
plurimas ipfarum copias de antiquiffimo fcriptura in archivis ejufd' univ' recondite 
extare nolcerentur, doceri nequirec iple Martmus prasdecefTor p luas tras dileflis filiis 
priori mon' de Bcrnewell p priorem foliti gubernan dift' dice' ejus proprio nomine 
non exprelfo, et J-tini Depyng canonico Lincoln' in eadem dioc' refidenti; cum 
claufula (quod fi non ambo hiis exequendis polTent intereffe alter ipforum ea 
nichilominus exequeret) dedit in mandatis ut eis fingular' trarum Honorii et Sergii p-^x- 

E 2 dv.ceJctuta. 


decefibrnm fingulis c;^piis hujufmodi in forma publica exhibitis, fiet poflquam ipfis 
leoitin-.e conthirct magros, doclores, et fcholares qui pro tempore tucrant, ac univ' 
pr:i-dnftam in pacifica poficflione vel quafi ulus ecexercitia ccctica Ipiritualilque jurif- 
diftionis, ac obfcrvacois,, et decreti hujufmodi a tanto tempore fuifie ct 
tfle quod memoria in contiarium non exiflerct, cild' magris, dodorib' er fcolarib' ob- 
fervantiam inhibitionis et decreti, necnon uium et excrcitiuiTj jurili. ;diio is erclicte 
ac fpiritualis hujufmodi audtoritate iua approbarent et ctiam confirm..rcnt prout 
in prtedicftis ipfius Martini prxdecelibris his plenius continetur. Poflmudum ficut 
cxhibita nobis nuper pro parte magrorum, doftor' et Icoiar' pradift' peutio ccnti- 
nebat ipfe prior (eodem Johne diftarum trarum prefati Martini proedeceflbris exe- 
cutioni intereile nequente feq' fop hoc legitmie excuiante) quia p ipfarum copi- 
arum exhibitionem necnon alia atta actitata et dedudla coram eo fibidiftos magros, 
dodiores, fcolares, et univerfitatem a Idpradicto tempore in pclTeCrione hujufmodi 
abfque pturbatione, moleflacione, vel inquifitione archieporum, eporum, arcliid' aut 
eorum officialium quorumlibct fuiilc et elle legitime conllitit, iplolque archiepos, 
epos, et archid' et officiales a pretata jurildittione fe totaliter abflinuiire reperit ob- 
fervantiam inhibitionis et decreti, necnon ufum et exerciiium jurifdidionis hujufmodi 
magris, do<ft' et fcol' pra^fatis, vigore didlarum trarum ejuld' Martini prsdeceflbris 
fententialiter approbatis, laudavic et ratificavit pariter et confirmavit prout in. 
iris autenticis defuper coiifeftis latius cognofcitur contineri : quare pro parte 
difl' magrorum, do6l' et fcolar' nobis fuit humiliter luplicatum ut approbationi,, 
laudacoi, ratificoi, ct conlirmacoi prsdidt' pro illarum lubfiftentia firma robur 
aportolicse confirmationis adjicere de benignitate aplica dignaremur. Nos itaque 
hujufmodi fupplicationibus inclinati approbationem, laudat', ratificat', et confiimati- 
onem prjedid:', ac qua^cuncjue inde lequura rata habentes et grata ilia aptica auc- 
toritate confirmamus, et prslentis fcripti patrocinio communimus, fupplentes omncs 
defedus, fi qui forfiian intcrvenerint, in eild'. Nulli ergo omniuo homjni liceat banc 
paginam iire confirmationis, communitionis, et lupletionis infringere, vel ei acceflu 
temerario contraire : fi quia autem hoc attemptare pra^lumpferit indignationem omni- 
poteniis Dei et Beatorum Petri et Pauli apoftolorum ejus fe noverit incurfurum. 
Dat' Roma: apud faniflum Laurentium in Uamofo, anno incarnationis dnics i433> 
14 kalend' Oftobris, pontificatus iiri anno tertio. 

From Hare's MS CoUedions, and from Mifcellan. P. C. C. C. C. de rebus 



n; XV. 

The CDmpofition between the Town of Cambridge and the Prior 

of Barnwell. 

TO all manner people to whom this prefent writing fliall come, or the fame fee, 
hear, or read. Wee Hugh Chapman, John Purgold, Williain Barber, and William 
Nellbn, fend greeting in our Lord God everlafting. Whereas great variance, difcord, 
and controverfies have long been depending, and yet in variance depend, between 
the prior and convent of the houfe of Barnwell, in the county of Cambridge, of 
that one part, and the mayor, bayliffs, and burgelfts of the town of Cambridge, 
of that other part, upon the right, title, claim, and pofiefTion of certain fifhings, 
in the common icream that goeth and runneth from and againll the nuns' lake 
unto Ditton j and alio of and upon all manner of liberties and franchelTes of foldy 
commoning and feeding of (lieep and hearts ; and of and upon the right, title, 
intereft, of all manner of tithes, rents, annuities, or annual rents -, and of and 
upon the right, title, and intereft of the ferry between Cambridge and Cheflerton ;. 
and alfo for divers quarrels, fuits, debates, and trefpades, complaints, and de- 
mands had, moved, or depending between the faid parties ; and alfo for divers 
trefpafles and aftions of trefpafles hanging or moved between the faid prior and 
one John Bell, burgcfs of the faid town of Cambridge ; and alfo between one 
John Fofter of Ditton, gent, and one Thomas Mathew of Cambridge, burgefs ; 
and by reafon and occafiun of the premilfes cither of the faid parties have been put 
to great trouble, vexation, coils, and charges : tor the reformation and utter deter- 
mination of the fame, in ending many great inconveniencies which might hereafter 
fall, the faid parties have alfentcd, agreed, cholen, and named us the faid Hu^h 
Chapman, John Purgold, William Baker, and William- Nclfon, indifferently ro hear 
and examine the premilTes, and all the circumftances of the iame, and then to make 
final determination thereof between the laid parties, according to right and good 
confcitnce, and thereupon either of the faid parties by their common affents have 
bound themfeives to other by their feveral deeds obligate, fealcd with their common 
feals, to obey and perform the award, ordinance, and judgment of us the faid 
Hugh Chapman, John Purgold, Wm. Barber, and Wm, Ntlfon arbitrators, 
indiflerently cholen between the faid parties, to award, ordain, and deem, of and 
upon the premifrcs, lo that our award, judgment, and ordinance be made, and 
given in writing, and delivered to the faid parties, under our fcals, before a certain' 
day id the indorlc. ent of the laid obligations contained and fpccified, as m the laid 
indorfemcnt more pl.iinly app'-areth. Thereupon, we, the laid Hugh Chapman,. 
John Purgold, Wm. liarber, and Wm. Ncifoi), arbitrators aiorelaid, have called- 
before us the faid parties, and ripely heard and examined the dcoiands, anlvvers„ 



replications, and rejoynes, of both the faid parties, with all due circumflancea 
thereto belonging, in divers and fundry times and places v and now we the laid 
arbitrators, the zid day of January, in the year of our Lord God 1505, after a 
diligent examination of the premifes, and the circumdance of the lame, and the 
titles, allegances of either of the fame parties by us clearly underftood, by good 
and great deliberation, and fpecial defire of either of the laid parties, award, 
ordain, and deem between the faid parties, alonely of and ypon all articles com- 
prifed in the mdorfement of the faid obligation, in manner and form following : 

Imprimis, where the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgefies complain that the prior 
and convent of the houfe of Barnwell aforefaid intend to ufe and occupy, and 
dayly uleth the liberty of fifhing in the common ftream that runneth from againft 
the nuns' lake unto I)itton, feverally to themfelves, and to their own proper ufe, 
diredtly againft the pnviledges granted to the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgefies of 
the faid town of Cambridge : we award, ordain, and deem that the faid mayor, 
bailiffs, and burgcffes, and their fucceflbrs, fhall peaceably occupy and injoy the 
liberty of fifhing and fouling in the faid common llream that runneth from Nuns 
Lake unto tiie Hone wall of the weft-part of the faid houfe of Barnwell, feverally 
to then.fclvcs and their lucceffors for ever, without any interruption of the faid 
prior or his fucceffors, or of any other perfon or perfons whatfoever in their 
name : Alio, we award, ordain, and judge, that the prior and convent of the houfe 
of Barnwell, and their fucceffors for evermore, fhall have and take to them and 
their fucceffors for evermore, all the liberty of fifhing and fouling in the whole 
pooie, called Barnwell-poole, which runneth diredlly right againft the faid houfe 
between the v/eft wall and the eaft wall of the laid houfe, and the liberty of 
filhing and fouling from the Old Fery at Chefterton, which was now of late 
againit Branlies door unto Ditton lake, without interruption of the faid mayor, 
bailiffs, and burgeffes, and their fucceffors, or any other perfon or perfons in their 
names. Alfo, we award, decree, and ordain, that as touching the liberty of fifli- 
incr in the water that runneth from the eaft wall of Barnwell unto the forefaid Old 
Ferry, the faid prior and convent, and their fucceffors, the mayor, bailiffs, and 
aldermen, and fuch perfons as have been mayor in the faid town, and their 
fucceffors for the time being, with fuch perfons as it fliall pleafc them to call 
unto them, fhall be inter commons for ever, to filh with lawful nets at their 
pleafure, provided alway that there fhall no other burgefs, nor commoner of the 
faid town, fifh in the faid middle part of the river that runneth from the faid eaft 
wall unto the Old Ferry, with no manner of nett, nor other engine, nor lay no 
hives in the fame, except it be with a hoope nett or angle. Item, where the faid 
mayor, bayliffs, and burgeffes make title and claim to the moiety of the Ferry 
between Chefterton and Cambridge, and likewiie the prior and convent of the 
faid houfe of Barnwell make claim and title to the fame : alfo, where the faid 
prior and convent a(k and claim of the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes, out of 
the chamber oi the faid town, a certain annual rent of ten pounds by the year, and 
certain tuhes by jofcment of eftuall, for the time of Stourbridge-fair, and for three 


O F B A R N W E L L A B B E Y. 47 

or four acres of ground that lieth void in paradole, where the Daddry ftaiuleth, 
which was wont to be eared and fowcn, we the faid arbitrators award, ordain, and 
decree, that the faid prior and convent, and their fucccffors, (liall Iiold and occupy 
feverally to themfelves ihe faid ferry, for ever, without any interruption of the faid 
mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes, fo that the faid burgeffes fliall have their free 
palfage as they have had in times pafl of old cuftom, and for the reco ..;, ife of the 
lame, we award, ordain, and decree that the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes, fiiall 
have and hold to them, and their fucceffors, of the faid prior and convent for ever, the 
liberty and privilege of Midfuraraer-fair, and by the year to the faid prior and con- 
vent, and to their fucceffors of the faid prior and convent for ever the liberty and 
priviledge of Midfummer-fair, paying yearly, and by the year, to the faid prior 
and convent, and their fucceffors, or certain attorney, at the end of the fair, four 
marks of good and lawful money of England, for full contentation of the 
liberty of the faid Midfummer-fair, by year, and alfo for full recompence of the 
faid annuity and tithings that the faid prior claimeth yearly, as above is rchearfed : 
Provided always, that the faid mayor and bailiffs for the time being, at the time 
©f the faid Midfummer-fair, fliall make recognition after the old cuflom, as in 
making of their proclamation, or otherwife, that they hold the faid N. B. it is not 
fair of forefaid prior and convent, after the manner above-written. '^^'^. '° ^^^ ^^'^' 
Item, where the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes complain that the pnorandcon- 
faid prior claimeth and occupieth inter common between more barns ^"^^'■■ 
and Cambridge, and wrongfully furchargcth the common in divers other parts about 
Cambridge againft all right and good confcience, we award, ordain, and judge 
that the faid prior and his tenants (hall have, occupy and injoy inter common with 
the bounds of Cambridge and Barnwell, as he hath done in times paft, after the 
tenure of his land, and when all other inter-commons be feffed and ffinted after 
the tenure of land, he and his tenants in likewife to be flinted and feffed with them. 
Item, when the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes pretend certaine injuries done tO' 
them by the laid prior and his predcceffors by reafon of their furcharging of their 
common, and taking away of their netts in the faid water, and wrongfull amer- 
ciaments in his court at Chefterton, and by many other m-eans, and in likewife 
where the faid prior complaineth that the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes hath 
many times and often wronged and ireipaffed againfl him by the pining of cattle, 
and his tenants amercing of him and theai in court at Cambridge, and indiclmg 
of his tenants and fervants againft right and good confcience : We award, decree, 
and judge that the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes Ihali remit and forgive all 
manner of variances, contrivarfes, debases, and trefpafles, had or done to them the 
faid prior and his tenants, from the bi.gnia!i)g of the world untill the day of the 
date of thefe prefents, and withdraw ail manner of fuits or pleas by them nv ved 
or depending againit the faid prior and his fervants, or tenants, at their fuic ;inJ 
promotion, and difcharge the faid prior and his tenints, and fervants from ad 
manner of amerciaments and indi(flments by the occalion of the premifes in the 
court of the faid mayor, bailiffs, and burgeffes, or in any other courr, at iheii 



proper cods and charges. And in like manner we award and iudge that the fald 
prior (liall reniift and forgive all manner of variances, conrroverfies, debates, 
debts, and trelp.iffcs, had and done againfi: him and his predeceflTors, by the faid 
mayor, bailiffs, anJ burgeffes from the beginning of the world untill this day, and 
withdraw all m.mner of fuits or pleas moved, depending, or hanging againfl: the 
faid mayor, bailitfs, and bnrgeffes, in any court at his fuir, and difcharge the faid 
ma", or, bailiffs, and biirgeiTes, from all man er of amerciaments done in his court 
af ChcflenoR, by reafon of the premifes at his own cofts and charges. Alfo 
vihere there was matter of variance between John Bell, late mayor of Cambridge, 
and the faid prior, *or taking away and with-holding the net of the faid John Bell, 
and fifhing in the faid river, and for ftriking each of them othe, and alfo be- 
tween John Forlter, gent, of Ditton.and his fervants of the one part, and Thomas 
M:vhew, of Cambridge burgefs, of the other part, by the occation of fifhing in 
the laid river ; We award and judge, that the faid John Bel! and Thomas Mathew 
for their part, fliall remit and forgive all manner of variances and trefpafTes done 
to them by the faid prior and his fervants, John Forfler and his fervants, and with- 
draw all manner of inflruments, aiftions of trefpaflfes, that they, or any of them, 
have moved, ftirred, or attempted in any court againfl: the faid prior, his fer- 
vants, John Forller and his fervants, at their own proper cofts and charges. And 
in likewife the faid prior and John Forfter (hall forgive and releafe all manner of 
injuryes and trefpafTes committed againft them, or each of them, by the faid John 
Bell and Thomas Mathew. Alfo we award and ordain that for the more furety and 
fafety to be given to the premifes, either of the faid parties above-written, to our 
lawde and judgment in this prefent writing indented fpecified interchangeably, 
fhall put their common feals athis fide of the feaft of Eafter next to come under 
the pain contained in the faid writing obligatory. Into witnefs whereof, we the 
faid arbitrators to either part of this writing indented, whereof that one part (hall 
remain with the faid prior and convent, that other part with the faid mayor, bailiffs, 
and burgefles, have put their feale, the forefaid twenty- fecond day of January, 
and in the year aforefaid. 

From the book commonly called, The Crofs Book of the Town of Cambridge. 





In Com' Cantebr' de vifu franci plegii. 

In hundredo de Eringford. 



Craudene, \ 





Croxton, j ^^ 

Eltene, De 
Brunne, De 

CaldecoteJ De 


De Wmo Pikard, 2s. 
De Joftne de Beche, 2S. 
De feodo Rob'ti Beche, 2S. 
De Ro^to Bancis, 2?. 
De Walto de Yfelhm, 2s. 
De Wil'mo deWythenhnij 2S. 
De Fulco fil. War. f m. 
De Priore deChickefant, sod. 
De Walto de Ho, izd. 
De Ric' de Andevill, 2s. 
De Rob'to Lolleman, 2s. 
De Colino de Feughs, 2s. 
De Rad' fil. Fulcon, 
De Hug' Giffard, 
De Wm. Engayne, >t ni. 
De Johe fil. Henr. 
De Alic' launz Manch. - 
De Calf de Scalar. 2s. 
De Stepho Turpin, 2s 
De Rad' de Dunton, 
De particip' fuis. 

hundredo de Stowe, 






Ifellim, < 

De Galfr' de Bands-, f m. 
De Gerardo de Toftes, 2s. 
De Elena de Beche, 5s. 

In hundredo de Stapelho. 

e Rad' de Cameys, 2s. 


iDeRad' fil. Rob'd, izd. 





Baldwyno de Stowe, T 
Wmo de Stowe, J 
Symon Camar' 2s. 
Wmo Sto George,."! 
& homage > I2d 

GilBo del Sap' J 
Rad' Saunzaver \ 
Phito de Columbers J 
Baldwyno de Frevill, 5s. 
Alano de Turri, i2d. 
Jotine de Caldecote, is. 
Elena de Beche, 2s. 
Galfrido de Toftes, zs. 


De RoBto de Maftings, ^s. 
J De Jotine de Wall, 1 
tOeWalt'deCapellis, J" 
De Wynero de Thorington, 


DeEdmdo de Kemellcet, | m. 
De Walto deDunftanvill, \m. 
De homag' ab15s de Salopef- 
[ bury, 4s. 
Badlingham, De Ebordo dc Franceys, 2s. 

In hundredo de Stans. 

Swaffham, De Hug' de Crauden, 2s. 

o cru fDe Comit' de Oxon, 2s. 
Swarinam,^ i-t t-l » j r. 1 

(^ De 1 horn de Burgo, 4od. 

Bodekefham,De Comit' Richardo, | m. 

Stowe, De Wmo Engayne, 2s. 

wiu u fDe Will' Fallemach, "I 
W ilburham. < -p.„ n;, • ^ MS. 

[De Martino Carmar, J ^ 

Alia Wil- f De Rad fil. Fulcon, izd. 

burnham. {_De ten' W'mi Pikef, i2d. 

In hundredo de Radefeld extraneis. ' 

Oxcroft, De Plio BafTet, i2d. 

Wrattinge, De Jacobo de Frivill, 2od. 
Karleton, De priore de Lewes, 5s. 

Brinkele, De Wmo' Moyun, as. 

Burgo, De Tho. de Burg, 4od. 

Dullingham tenentes terra m ^-j). — i2d. 
Sneylewell, De Hen. fil. Will. i2d. 
Parva Karleton, De Wmo' deKirketon,i2d. 
F In 



In hundrcdo de Chevele. 

Dirton, De Rob''to de Valeynes, 2S. 

Saxron, De Hen. dcBello Campo,4S. 

Silverle, De Rog'o Arfik, 3s. 

A lie, De Rob'o de Gynes, 3 s. 

In hundredo de Chilford. 

Sudecampes, DeSarra de Knapwell, 4s. 
Enhale, De Baldwyn de Royfe, 2S. 
Wykham, De Wmo Ruffdi, 4s. 
Horfea,. De Watto de Capell, 2s. 
^, ,. fDe Alex' de Scalar', "1 ^^ 

P'va Abiton, De liug^ de Vallibus, 4s. 
fDe Galf. de Scalar', 2s. 
' [De feodo Buftardi, 2s. 
Fampefwrth, De Rad de Bancis, 2S. 




In hundredo de Wittlesford. 

f De Rac! Picot, f m- 
' |_De tent. feod. Grefteyn, f m- 

In hundredo de flendijh. 

{De Johne fil. Hen. 4s. viz. 2s. 
pro Hinton, et 2s. pro Wib- 
biirnham et Kneefwrth. 
Feverfham^ De W'mo de Warbeltcn, 4s. 
Fulburn, DeNich' 

In hundredo de Northjlo'we.- 

Stanton, De Hen. de Nafford, 2s. 

Alia Scant. De Pfeo de Stanton, ; m» 

Hokitone, De ten. feod. Petit, i2d. 

, ]L 1 fl>e Elena de Bcche, 1 
l.andbeche, {^^ „ , „ ' m m^ 
' |_De Hug. de iSray, j 

In hundredo de Cejiertone,. 

Childerle, De Hen. de Childerle, 23. 
liyllonj De abbe de Eynelham, ics. 

In hundredo de Papezvrthe. 

Pappewrth, De Johe Beche, 5s. 
Alia Pappewrth, De Rob'to Bclmes, 2S, 

^ . f De Rob'to de Coniton, 2s. 

Comiton, •< T> D 1 1 ' iji 

}_De Baldw Blangernum, 2S. 

Bokeiwrth, De W'mo fil. Hen. 5s. 

Jn hundredo de Werle. 
Malketon, De Nich' de Vavafur, 2 s. 

fDe Hug. Grandin,4s. "(^temp,^ 

\ De Rad fil. Fulcon, 3s. J H. 11. 

Harleton, DeRog'o de Huntingfield, 4s. 

("De Godefrid de Crau- 

Hafelingfeld, | cumbe, 5s. 

(^ De Rob'to de Schalar, 4s. 
De W'mo de Thorileya, 2S. 
De Rob'to deChatlillun, i2d^ 
De W'mo de Dive, I2d. 
DeGilb' Picot, i2d. 
DeGilb'fil. W'mi i2d. 
De Alano de Berton, i2d. 
De Dec. Hen. Torchencfe, 23» 
De Dec. W'mi Babel, 2s. 
Cumber- f De Joh'ne de Cottenham, 2S» 

ton, \ De ten. Tho' de Waddon, 2S. 
Granfete, DeDeG.Ebor'deNevvnhara,2S» 
f De Ida de Beche, i m. 
I De Hen. de Childerle, 2s. 

Wynepol, °f ^1Tp' C.^^^'^^"' '^^- 
1 r j Alex de Bancis, izd. 

/De W'mo le Franceys, i2d. 

I De Dec. Walt' Daiware, 2s. 


/TN II r De Fetronilla de Orevvel ,1 
Orevvell, < r^ „ , ,-^ ,, MS^ 
' I^De Hen. de Orevvell, J ^ 

/// hundredo de Trippelam. 
Trumpiton, | ^'^ ten' tram Joliis de Cayly,, 


Seldeford, Ifabella de Schalar J 


Hardleflon, { De Wait'o Clement, 2s. 

^De ten leoJo Gcrnyun, 2s.. 



III CoinW Cantab\ 

De auxllio vicecomitis d€ hundredo de Papwcrth 113 6| 

North ftowe o 19 10^ 

Chefterton i 2 o 

Stowe I 15 6 

Erming Ford 120 

Triplavve 230 

Et pro fefta abbatiff' de Chateriz 050 

Et pro quarterio trument' deaux' vie' 

Wetherby 1 13 8 

Preter de Johanna Somery in Haflingfeld 050 

Cliilford o 15 9 

Whitlesford o 13 o 

Radeford i 5 6 

Cheveley o 13 o 

Stapelhow 068 

Stane 013 6 

Flemdifh 074 

la hundredis dlverfis habult prior de B. terras et ten', tenentes, et rcdiiitus, fer\ icia 
et homag', confuetudines et villanos ; fed quia miniftri vie' frequenter faciunt dilL c- 
tiones voluntarias et injuftas, quofdam indebite diftringentes, et aliquibu'- qui juIle 
eflent diftringendi parcentes, ne de cetero prior vel tenentes fui per hujufmodi dif- 
tri(5tiones injufte gravenier pro fedtis com' vel hundred), auxilio vie' et warpenes, in 
hoc opufculo fuit utile fcribere nomina hundredorum, tenencium, et tenemcntorum, 
quje hujufmodi fervicia debent facere, et ab antiquo facere confueverunt. Ncc 
oportebit de cetero f}:>pter hujufmodi diftrifliones ire ad caflrum ad videndum ro- 
tulum vicecomit': fed potius videant, et doceantur p librum iftum. 

, Annotatio feodorum Comit' Cantebrig' et hundred' aux' vie' fe<5t' et warpenes. 

Hundred de Papwrthe. 

Travel f Walt' fili Rob'ti dz i fedam et idem et pticipes fui debent de aux. vie 
' \ 23. et eil ibi i hyd'geld. 

{Hen. le Quefque dz i fe<fl:. et de aux. vie 2S. lad. pro fed', et efl: ibi 
hyd. geld. 
Rob'tus Hi. Eborardi dz i fed. quam cancellavit, de aux. vie iZ. ob. 
Fief Tthe I ^''''^''"s de Grava dz 1 fed. et de aux. vie I2d. ibidem. 
' j_Rad de Crellenton dz i fed. et de aux. vie i2d. 

iPetrus de Beche tenz feod. i militis de Com. Oxon. de honore Rich* 
non dz fedam ; de aux. vii; 4s. et funt ibi quinque hyde geld' el 
debent pontagium. 
Paonewrthe f^^^'^ '^^ Bemmes tenz feod di' milit. de feodo Luvitor, et debet 
Aon' ' 1 fs'^^ni ^d Com' Hunt' de aux. vie, 4s. de quibus reddit is. in Com' 
° ^ Hunt' et funt ibidem 7 virgatJe terrx geld' et debet pontagium. 

N. B. dz fignifies deht or debent, and tenz tenet or ienent. 

F 2 Conitone, 




■Rob't de Coniton tenz duas ptes feod. uniiis milif. de feodo Hardwyn de 
Scalar' et dz i fed' et dc aux' vie' 4s. Ibidem. Baldwyn Blangiun 
tenz quintam partem feod'imilic' de feod'Pycot, et funt ibi tres hyd. 
et I virgat' terra? geld' et dz pontagium. 
Et memorandum quod feod' qd fuit Agn' le Rope folet reddere de man' de- 
Stanton in Com' Cantab' de aux' vie' 4s. et de vvarpenes zs. et modo quieta fi , 
per cartam dni regis. 

f Alans de Fuges tenet tram ptem'feod' i mil' de epo Eli, et dz i fedtam, 
et de aux' vie' 4s. Ibdem i hyd de pontag'. Ibdem Johs de Cur' dz 1 
fedam et de aux' vie' 25. 

Feodo Wydon de eur' dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 2s. Alau's la Zuche 
tz mann' de Hon' Rich. IBdem herdes abbis de Neuvill tz i hyd' 
trre geld et dz fed' et pent' dC: hon'. Rich' per focag' Tota villa dz . 
de aux' vie' 2 m. 

fil Oliva; Rob' Ot. Reg' f. Carpent debent i fed' de feodo , 
li epi. 
Fcndrayton, Rob' Bollard dz i feft' tz i hyd^ trs de ab'Be de Ramefeye. 

■Ws fil' Hen' tz feod. i mil' et dirii de feodo de Scalar' et dz i fed'' 




■ f'lho' 
' \ Kli 


de aux' vie' ids, ec tz 4 hyd' et 


et dz pontag'. Ibdem W's- 

de Hobreg. tzibidm Conington, Hatele, et Craudn feod. i mil' et 
de dno rege in eapite, et dz 1 k£C quam Lucas fil' Galf fac'pro eo, 
et tz 3 hyd' et l.g^eld' redd.aux' vie' in Waterbeehe. 


In hundredo de Northjiowe,. 

J' Henry de Nafford tz feed, f mil' de Rad' de thorn et dz i fed' et de 
aux' vie' 3s. et tz 2 hyd' et f geld' et dz pont. — Ibm Willielmus de 
Chedwey tz feod. 4 m. DeBar' Wifcardi Leydit et dz left' et de aux' 
Stanton, J vie' 39. et tz 2 hyd' geld. — Ibidem Phils de Stanton tz feod' 
1 mil' de Bar Hamon perche de Hon' Rich' et dz i fed' quam Jolis = 
fils Symon fac pro eo, et dz aux' vie' cum Lollewrche 3s. et tz 2 j- 
, hyd' geld. 

/-Eborard de Trumpiton tz feod. i mil' cum tra Johs Crexi in Calde-. 
cote de feodo Pcvercl, etdz i fed' et infra annum et dimid' de warda 
Gretton, < caft' ^ m. — Ibidem tz feod. i mil' de feodo de Mortun cum tra de 
Berton et de Newnham et de Cantab' Ibidem Galf fil', Galf dz i 
V» fed' et de aux' vie' j\.\d. 
I Phir de Stanton tz feod. i mil'de feodo epi Eli. Ibidem tenet feod.. 
Lollewrthe. i i mil' de hon' de Peverel de Hamon Pcche, et funt ibidem 2 hyd' 

[ geld' et dz pont' et de warda caft' infra ann' et t — t "''• 
J . J Phil' de Infula tz feodi i mil' de epo Elienf. — Ibidem Alex' de Im= 

nipstonc,^^ pitone tz feod. i mil' deepo Eli, ct dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 3s. . 





Rob' de Beche tz feod. i mil' de Par Hamon, et dz aux' vie' 4';.. 

et tz 5 JTyd' trffi geld'. — Ibidem Hugo de Bracy tz feod. i mil' 

dc feodo epi Eli, et reddit in ann et f de warda caft' -J- m. fcitz de 

feodo Rob'ti dc Bcclie, et dz pontag. 

Ram > fRob'de Inlula tz feod. i mil' de feodo epi Eli, et dz i fed' quam. 

P ' \ Walt' Fieman facie pro eo. 

'Job's de Granfete et participes Ibi tenent 2 ptes feodi i mil' de feodo 

Pevercl in Brone de Rcb'to de Uoi' et ibi Jem Johes dz i feet' et de aux' 

vie' i8d, et de warda calf Infra ann et 5 4s. 2td. et tz i.^ hyd' geld' 

Hokitone, J et dz pont. — Ibidem Rob' de inlula tz -^ hyd' geld', et in Weftvvic 2 

hyd' gtld' et defendit 2 pees feod. 1 mil' de hon' Rich, — Ibidem Rob'' 

Clivard tz i^hyd' non geld'pro quarta parte fervic'imirdeCom'Hunt' 

Ibidem Hugo de Burdeley, et Rog'Giffard tenent ^ feod. 1 mil'de Com' 

Hunt' ivbbas Crouland dz i fed' et tz t viHam per totum in lib' elemos, 

r Hugo deBurdeley dz i fedt' et tz in.Maddingcle, Rampton, et Cottti3n> 

' \ feod. I m. de Gilb' Pcche de feodo epi Eli. 

«,,• 11-, JGodefrid' de Craucumbe rz feod. 1 mil' de Jollne de Beche de feodo 

miaaiiton, | ^-.. j,j._ p^^, ^^, ^.^^^, ^^^ ^ j.^^, ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^.^ 

Weft ■ /Richard Belebuche tz ^ feod. i mil' de epo Eli, et dz i fed' et de aus' 
j_ vie' 2S. 

r Templar' tenent i ejufd'm villse in liberam elemof. de Eli. — Rich' de 
Waterbeche, ^ Butal' tz feodo t mil' de feodo W'mi Hobrig de Bokefwrth, et red' 
*• aux' vie' cum Bokefwrthe, et tz i hyd' geld'. 

]n Hundredo de Chejlerton. 

Rob' de Ocle tz feod. i, mil' de Comit' Hunt' — Ibem Joh's de ChilderJe- 








tz feodo i mil'de epo Lincoln, et dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 2s. et ts-es 
iunt hyd' geld ibidm, et debet pont'. 
'Hen' de Colevile tz feod. 2 mil' de epo Lincoln. — Ibidem de feodo 
abbatis de Eynefham dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 8s. et funt ibide feodo 
ejulclem abbatis 15 hyd' geld, et tz in focag de epo Linccln, ec 
debet pontag'. 

Rol)'t de inlula tz de epo Eli tertiam jitem villa; in focag' — Ibidem- 
Johannes de Cotcnham tz feod. i mil' de epo Eli, et dz i fed' ct 
dc aux' vie' 2s. — Ibidem Pet' de Pclh' tz feod. ^ mil' de feodo 
epi Eli, et dz i fed' et aux' vie' 2s. 
'Rich' Belebuche tz 1 hyd' trs de feodo epi Eli el dz i fed' et de aux' 
vie' 2S. — Ibidem Rob' de Infuladz 1 fed' quam Job's Wombe faeit 
pro eo et idem Rob' dz de aux* vie' 4s. et funt 2 hyd' geld' et dz 
Rich' de Draytone tz feod. i mil' de feodo de Hardewyn de Scalar' 
dz I fed' et de aux' vie' 3s et tenet 3 hyd' geld' et dz pont. — 
g Gifflird tz feod. \ m. Rad' de Mortuom', et tz 5 hyd' geld, et dz 
pout'. — Ibidem prior de Swavefh' tz 3 hyd. non geld' ct dz fed' et 
tz in lib' elemof',. 



I et c 

, 1 Ko 



In Hvndredc de Stotve, 




Johs de Scalar' tz I feodo i mil' de feod. de Scalar' et defend' fe pro 
I hyd' geld' et d/, i fcft' et de aux' vie' I2d. ct de aiix' ppoici i6d. 
115m Rad Samplon tz 2 f hyd' geld' per ferjanciam de dno rege, et dz 
Croxton, \ 2 ptes i fcdt' ec de aux' vie* ipfe et homag' fuiim totuni ^s. per ann. 
15m Luciana de Cadamo tz i f hyd' geld' de eodem feodo, et dz 3 
ptes I feci:' Prior de linnt' tz de eoa feodo 1 hyd' geld' in lib' ele' 
Yvo Quarel tz de eod' feodo 1 hyd' geld'. 

fHered' Albri de Neiiil tz feod. i mil' de hon' Rich' infimul cum 3 | 
virgat' trs in Swavefli' et dz i fed' de aux' vie' 2s. et defend' fe 

pro 2 hyd' geld' — IBm RoB de Beche tz i t hyd' geld' de Hamon 

Liber KlienP p f feodo i mil' et dz ad warda caft' infra 3 ann' f m* 

ad duas vices, et dz pont'. 
Hen' de Longo Campo tz feod. i mil' de baron' de Mumbray, et defend' 

fe pro 3 hyd' geld' et i rod' et dz i k& et de aux' vie' 4s. 6d. et 

dz pont'. 
Granteden. Lib' Elienf. 

A W's de Stowe et Baldewyn de eadem tz 2 hyd' geld' p -J fe. i mil' de 

fe. abby de Rames' et dz i feft' et aux' vie' 4s. — Ibm Symon Ca- 

merarius tz i hyd' geld' p focag' de Galf de Scalar' de Waddon, et 

dz I feft. quam Ada Albert fac' pro eo in comit' et Pet' fil' Alex' 

pro CO in hund' et dz aux' vie. 2od. 
Rob' Mile tz feod. t mil' de Hamone Peche de hon' Pevel et dz warda 

Carta \ infra 3 ann' et duas vices el dz pont'. — Ibidem Alans dc 

Turri tz feod. 1 mil' de hon' Rich' et dz i fedt' et de aux' vie' 2s. 

— Ibidem Johs Verley tr 7 hyd' trs viz. i hyd' et | p t fe'mil. de 

feodo Rob' fil Watt, et dz i fedt' et de aux' vie' 2 id. ct fciend' quod 

ibdm funt 12 f hyd' preter tiam prioris de Bern' et tiam prioris dc 

Sto Neoto. 
"Rob' Avenel tz feod. t n""'' ^e hon' Bonon. — Watt de Leyceft tz 

feod. t mil' de eoS hon' Gilb' fil' Thorn' tz fe' t mil' de hon' de 

Rob* de Sap tz tert' ptem fe' i mil' de hon' Rich' et dz i feft* et tz 

I hyd' geld*. — Ibidem Jells de Sto Georgio tz i hyd' geld' de hered* 

Matild' Dive de hon' Peverell. — Hen' de Trumpiton reddit focag' 

pro eo. 
Baldewyn de Frevill tz fe' 2 mil' de fe' Scalar de dno rege in 

capite, et defendit fe pro 6 hyd' geld' et dz 1 fed:' et de aux' vie* 

8s. iid:J.. 

a EverlHon, 









Richd de Andevill tz fe' r mil' de fc' Wifcardi Luydet, et defend' fe pro 
1 5 t hyd' geld'et dz i kd'etde aux' vic'5S. ec dz pont. — Rob' Bcche 
I tz I hyd' geld' — IBm VVarin' Torehenefle tz | hyd' non geld* de hon' 
1 Rich' et dz i feet'. — I6m Jacobus de Eveifdon tz § hyd' de fe' epi 
Eli' et dz I feft'.IBm Rich le Rous et ppes tz i virgut tfa de feodo de 
Scalar' et dz pontag'. 
■ Johs fir Rog' tz 1 hyd' geld' pro i6ma parte feodi i mil' de hon' Rich* 
ec dz I fed.' et de aux' vie' yd. — Ibin jut'is Croxi tz i virg' tfte geld' 
p 4 feodo I mil' de fe' Peverel in Orwell, et dz i fedt' et de aux' vie* 
yd. etdeWarda call' infra' 3 ann 4cd. ad 2 vices. — ll3m Theobald' fil' 

Fulcon tz I hyd' tree geld p 4 ^codi 

I mil' de feodo de Scalar' ec 
r hyd' geld' de hon' Rich' tj 


clz pont. — Ib'm Jotis de Elington tz 
dz pontagium. 
'Gaif ' de Baucis tz 3 mil* de Hamone Feche cum tfa Alex' de Bancis in 
Wynepol et cum tra Baudethum de Sto Geo. in eadam et cum tra 
Rob'Beche in Everfdon, et defend' fc pro 4 | hyd' geld' et dz i feft' 
et dz de war' callri infra 3 ann' 40s. ad 2 vices. — Ibm W's de 
Sto Geo' tz tram fuam in Hattele et Kingeflone pro fe. i mil. 
de fe. Matild. de Diva in Eringeltone. — Memorandum qil Nigells 
de Radewell tz i hyd' in Meldeburne geld. — Galf de Scalar' 
etTho* de Waddon tz 2 hyd' ec 3 virg' trse in Crawtden. — Rob* 
de Frugers in ead' i hyd' 3 virg' tra. — Humfred' ad eccm in 
ead' I I hyd'. in villa Gildenmerdon 2 | hyd' de diverfis feodis. 
Jotics Gocelin in ead' i h"'d' — Alex' Andevill in Cloptone 2 | hyd' — 
item, Tho' de Pernefs in ead' 3 virg' cfr^. — Item, Tho' fil' Hugon' 
in ead* | virg' tt<"e. — Item, Galf' de Scalar' in homag' in ytepel- 
mordon i hyd'tiiE. — Item, Rob' de Fugeres in Alington i hyd'. De- 
canus de Schenegeys 3m ptein i hyd' in ead'. Johs le Goye in Ba- 
fingburne i hyd*. Prior de Chickeiond in Tadelowe 2 i hyd*. 
Matild' de Dunton in Wendeye i virg' trs. 

In Hundredo de Erlngeford. 

CloDton / ^''-'^' '^'^ Andevill tz feod. i mil' cum virgat' trae in HacelCj et i hyd' tree 
'^ ' I in Cravveden de Baro Warin' fil' Ceroid. 

iW's Kay tz feoil. | mil'' de hon' Bonoii non dz fe6l' neque aux' vie' — 
Wydo de Brecy tz A feodi i mil' de eod' hon'.— IBm Galf de Scalar' 
tz I hyd' tra: de feodo de Scalar' non dzfeft'et dla hyd' eft geld. 
Pet' de Beche et Walt' d Yltlham tz | hyd' trie geld' per \ teodi mil' de- 
hon' Pech'. — "Bm, W's de Wittchton tz \ hyd' geld' per \ feodi miT 
de eod' hon' — It3m W's Pickard tz \ hyd' trs geld per \ feodi nrjil' 
de eod' hon' — ibm Rad de Bancis tz \ hyd' trae geld' per 4 feoda mii' 


de eod' hon' ec de warda call' infra ann' et | 10s. — Ibm Hob' de 
Beche tz \ hyd' tr.-e geld' per \ feodi nsil' de lion' de Perche' Baldcw\ n 
de Parncs tz 3 virgat' tne geld' de Comit' de Sto Paulo p fervic' \ i 
mil' ec dz fcftani cc aux' vie' 2s. — ll5ni Hende Mordon dz i feiil;'. 






Wend eye, j 


Fulco fir Warn' tz feod. i mil' de hered' Reg' Torpell de feodo 
Peverel. — Ibm prior de Chickefund iz i hyd' et i virgat tra geld* 
de Baronia W'mi de Bello Campo, et dz i feet' et aux' vie' 2S. — ■ 
113m prior de Bernvvell tz tram qua: fuit. Hug' de Pinnecote et efl: 
de foedo prioris de Cliickefend, et dz fe<ft' — Elias le W-aley's tz I 
hyd. et i virg' zrx, et dz i feft'. 
rPhil' de Abington tz i fe' i mil' de hon' Bonon — Ibm Alanus de Fugeres 
tz I hyd' trffi geld' p 3m ptem feodo i mil' de feodo Scalar, et ipfe 
Alanus et feod. fil' Jocelini et Humfr' fil' W'mi debent i k6t\ et de 
aux' vie' 8d. — Ibm Alex' le Moyne tz i virgat' trs geld' de feodo 
Hardwyn de Scalar' pro izma pte feodi i mil'. 
„ 11 fW's de Quoye dz 1 {&& quam cancellavit — Walt' de Ho' tz i feodi i 
llat e , <^ j^jp j^ hon' Rich' 5s. 7 virgat' trs geld' et dz i feifl' et de aux' vie' as. 
Alic'fine Mauntelet ppes fui tz mann' de feodo Cammarii p focag' 
de hon' Rich' et dz i feft' et de aux* vie' los. et funt ibi 7 hyd' 
geld' cum Knetfwrthe que eft de feodo Camarii, 
Galf de Scalar' tz feod, 3 mil' de feodo de Scalar' et dz i fedt' que 
Tho' de Waddon facit pro eo, et de aux' vie' 7s. 6d cum homag' fuo 
de Mordon et de Knetfwrthe. — Ibm Rad' de Saham tz feod. | mil' 
de hon' Rich' et ipfe et Galf Turpin' dz i fed: et tz | hyd' tr£e geld' 
— Ibm funt 2 I hyd' geld' de homag' G. de Scalar'. 
JHamon de Valeynes tz | feod. mil' cum feodo Rich' Biboys in Abingtoil 
de hon' Comit' Glov'nie — Ibm W. de Hobrig' tz feod. | mil' de 
Comit' Glovernie de Vet' tene.m' et nunc reddit fervic. feodi -i i 
mil' — Alex' le Moyne tz feod. | mil' de Comit' Glovernie. 
W's le Rus tz feod. | mil' de dno rege in capite. Mar's Martin tz i hyd' 
tree geld' p fervic' | mil' de feodo de Scalar' et dz fedl' et de 
aux' vie' 2s. 
Martin Cam'arius et Rad' de Denton tz 4tam ptem feodi i mil' de 
hon' Rich' et Martin dz | feft'. Ones libi tntes dz aliam | feft. 
et tota villat* dz de aux' vie' 4s. funt ibi 2 hyd' geld'. 
• Rob' Lulleman tz feod. i mil' de Hamone Peche, et dz i feifl' et de aux' 
vie' 3s. et de ward' call' infra ann' et | — | M. — Ibdem Had' fil. 
Joceliu* ctHumf ad Monafl;' dz de aux' vic'iod. — Alanus de Fu- 
geres tz feod. I mil' de feodo Robert Pykot in EokefwrthCj et funt 
1- ibi 4 I hyd' geld'. 
Alex' de Bancis dz i feiSI' et de aux' vie' 2s. Galf de Caxton tz 4tam 
ptem I mil' de feodo de Hardewyn de Scalar' et dz i k£i' et de 
aux' vie' 2s. — Ibm Egid' de Argenten tz 4tam ptem feodi i mil* 
feodo Wifcard' Leydct. 

3affingburn, ■ 



Meld re, 








*b Vt. , . 

Hund^ de Trippclaivc. 

^W's deEverenesetAlan'deHyd' tzfeod. \ mil. de lion' Bonon et non 
dz fed;' neque aiix' vie' — Ibm Job's de Kayly tz feod. 2 mil' de i;Oii' 
com' Aubemarle. s. de Hon' Ch' — et dz 1 fefl' et de aux' vie' 8r. p 
ann. — It3m Hen' de'l'rumpiton tz feod.i mi' de fedd.Matild'de Diva 
Trumpitone, i et dz i fcift' qaam Albinus fac' pro eo. et dz p ami' aux' vie' 
— 115m W's Bernard dz i left' et refpond' de aux' vie' cum Jolij dc 
Hayly, et funt ibi p totuin 12 hyd'trs. — verum 9 \ funt geld' et 
2 { hyd'quas Alan' de Hyd' et Ws deEverenes tz de hon' Bonon. 
non fuut geld' — iBm Eborard. tz feod. i mil' de feod. de Mortunu 
Baldewyn de Frevill tz 3 ptem fe. i mil' de dno rege in capite et dc 
hon' Rich' 4 ptem feod. i mil' — et de epo Eli' feod. i 5 mil' et 
idm Baldewyn dz i fedt' et de aux' vie' los. p ana' ^t iBm funt 2 l 
trs geld', 
r Ws de Hcrleflon' tz feod. \ mil' de feod. Eli et dz i fcft' et de a\!x' 
vie' nidi — Jotis ie Moyne dz i fefl:' pro epo Eli et de aux' vie' 
nich'. — It3m Jotis fil' Nidi le Moyne tz 2 ^ hyd' tras per fer- 
janciam de dno rege, et non funt geld' non dz aux' vie' neque 
ie<ft'. , . . . . 

'Nidls de Barrlngtone tz I hyd' trs de feod. Mandevill geld' et dz r 
fed' et de aux' vie' nichil. — Ibm Tho' fil' Hen' dz i fefl: et de aux' 
vie' nieh' et funt ibi 7 hyd' geld'. — Ibm Jotis de Scalar' dz i feCt' 
et de aux' vie' nich'. . 
Ws fir R.ictid tz feod. mil' de baron Rich de Munfichet, et iljm dz t 
fed' quam Warin fil' Sweyn fac. pro eo, et de aux' vie' 20s. p ann'. 

{AbbilTa de Charteriz dz pro4pte i mil' 5s. et i quart' fruitienti pro 
fedt' fua.— Ibm Gaif de Bands tz 1 hyd'. terra de hon. Rich'et non 
; eft geld' et nondzfedl' neque aux' vie'. 
TT 1 n rSerle de Elaukefton dz i fed* et de aux' vie' nich. et idm Serle tz de 
.i.j V.' L epo Ell ' : 

sh '...., rj^^fes de Biirgo tz feod, i mil' de f€od..ep Eli et nullam dz fedl' neque 

.^■o-i-si ?.- . Sux* vie' — l^m Galf de Schalar' tz feod. j Tnil'de feod. Peverel et dz 

HarleftonX •■ i fed' etde aux' vie' folvit cum feod. Gernegan. — IBm Walt Clement 

' ;- tz feod. I mil' feod. Eli ?t dz i feft' et de aux' vie' 2s. — Ibm dc 

-. feod. Gernegan 2s. de aux' vie' p-ann' et i^era funt 8 hyd' tr;E geld'. 






■ • ' 'Hund.deWethelfe. 

V • m rSaerus de S'to Andrea' etppesfui tz feod. i rail' de com' Glov' de hon' 
r.rington, | Rich'—Ibm Rob' de Berke tz feod. i mil'. 




/ Alaniis de Baffingburn tcnz feod.i mil' de hon' Rich' — Ibidem Rob' de 

\ Beche ti feod.i mil'. deHainon I'eche, et dz de aux' vic'4d. et de wardii 
caftri infra ann' ct I — f n". — Ibidem Hen' de Childerle tz feod. i mil' 
de baron. Warino;. fil. Gerold. dz i feft' et Hupr. de Crawedene dz fctfl' 
Itjm Galf de h.ncis dz i feft' et de aux' vie' icd. — IBm Wmus de 
Francis tz feod. v mil' de baron Leydtt et dz de aux' vie' lod. 
Ws Torpel tz feed, i mil' de comit' Glovernie — Ibidem Rob's de Ore- 
well tz I hyd' geld, p focag' de Hen' de Bokefwrth, et dz i fe£t' etde 
aux' vie' i2d. 

f Nichs le Vauafur tz feod. i mil' cum tra quam Rob' de Infulaz de coin 
'I Wcftwyc et Hokiton de hon. de Rich' et dz i iVfl' ec aux' vie' 32d. 
Symon Martin tz feod. t mil' de baron. Hardewvn de Scalar' et dz i 
fedl' et de aux' vie' 3 2d. Bernard de Rothomag' tz 4 ptem feod i mil* 
de feod. de Scalar' et dz i iedl' et de aux' vie' 8d. — I'Bem AbbifTade 
Charteriz dz i fed' et lunt ibi z f hyd' geld'. Et fciendm qd'Abbiffa 
reddit p ann' 5s. pro fed:' et dz aux' vie' i quarter frumenti. 

'Baldevvyn de V'er tz 4 ptem feod. i mil' de baron. Muntichet — Ibidem 
totum homag'Rich' dc Munfichet dz de aux' vie' 2os. p ann'— IBm 
Warin fil' W'mi dz i feft' pro Rich' de Munfichet^ — Ibm Abbatilfa 
de Chateriz dz i feft' el funt ibi 6 hyd' geld'. 
Rog' de Hunringfeld tz feod. i mil' de com' Glouernie— Ibidem Alex'" 
Maniant tz feod. f mil' de baron. Hamon Peche, et dz i fed* et de 
au.x' vie' lid. Rad' Carbonel dz i fcdt' et de aux' vis' iid. et ibi funt 

L 5 M' geld'. 

'Alan' de Berton et pptes fui tz feod. 2 mil'de baron. Leydet, et debent 
I fed' et de aux' vie' 3s. ad. — Ibidem Kob' Cantuar' tz 1 hyd' trte 
hon' deLeyeeft' p 4 ptem feod. i mil'.— Ibidem funf6 hyd' geld', et 
debent pontag'. 
Jofts de Cotenhm tz feod. i mil' de Saero de S'to Andrea de hen' 

Pevercl' et dz ward' call' infra ann' et i — ~ m. et funt ibidem 2 

hyd' geld'. 
'Barthol' Pcch' tz i t feod. mil' de hr^n' Bon'. — Tbidem Rob't le Eyr dz" 

fed' et pont' — ItSm Hawifa de Q^uinci tz fc' i mil' de hon' de 

Mortum' VES' Walt, et dz aux' vie' 1 zd. — Ib^m Hen' Ri)des tz feod, 

t mil' de baron' Leydet, et dz i fed' et de aux' vie' i2d. ■ ' 
Steph's de Sumeri tz feod. { mil' de Sno regein eapite, etdz i fed' 

et de aux' vie' 5s. — IBm RoB de Scalar' dz i fed' et de aux' vie'' 
HefelingfeldJ i2d. PriorifTa de Stratford tz feod. j- mil' de com' de Mandevill. . 
I IBm Rog' de Meldetord tz i-t hyd' Ue abBe Eborac' p focag' et dz 

fed'. Ibidem funt 13 hyd' geld'. 











Hund, de Chilfordt 


Comes Oxonia. 

I .^ ..: 



' W's Burre et ppes fui tz feod' i mil' de baron' de Rich' Munfichet. 
Sudecampes,< — Ibidem W's de Knapvvell dz i feft'pro tota villa per ann' — Ibin 

(_ flint 2 h)'d' geld'. 
Noftrefeld, Feod. de Berners et feod. prioris de Hatfeld debent de aux' vie' 28d. 

{Baldewyn de Rofcye tz i hyd' trae geld p fervic' feod' i mil' de hon' dj 
Wyrmegeye — Ibidem idm Bald' dz 1 fed' & de aux' vie' 4s. p ana' 
— Clar'. 
{W's Roffel et Steph's de Hays tz 2 hyd' tra de feod. com' Oxon' de hon' 
Rich' p fervie' 4 mil. et byd' quam Steph' tz efl geld' et dz i feet' et 
de aux' vie' 2s. p ann' B. 
Stratle, Tho' de Lamford tz man' de epo Eli p fervic' i mil. 

S Walt's de Capell tz feod. f mil' de com' Oxon' de hon' Rich' — Ibidem 
Walt' dz I fecb' et de aux' vie' I2d. p ann' et ibi funt 3 hyd' geld' 
B.^Ibidem eft \ virgat' trze quce fuit Galf ' fil' Rich' ec quam tenuic 
1.1V/..V.J, . j^ 1^^^, ^j^ cj^pg p fervic' 4 feod. i mil' — Ibidem Galf dz fedt' et de' 
/ aux' vie' lod. p ann' Clar' — Ibidem de feod. de et de KneviU 
L et W'i Barbedor' debent 2 feft' et de aux' vfc' i4d. 

(Maur' de ead et Rad de Elfond' tz feod. i mil' cum Norton in coni' 
Exe' de com' Oxon, de hon', et hidata eft in magna Campes — Hubs 
Povere tz 1 hyd' geld, de hon' de Lamele. 

-, , f Nicii de Fornell tz feod. 2 mil'de hon' R.ich' non dz feft' neque aux' vie* 

Bercham, < r . -u- u j 1 j j 

^ (_ et lunt ;bi 4 hyd. non geld. 

Linton, W's de Sey tenz fe' 1 mil' de hon' Rich' et non dz fc3' neque aux' vie'. 

Parva f Alex' de Scalar' et Alanus de Money tz fe. i mil' de hon' Rich' — IBin 

Linton, 1 dz 1 fed.' et aux' vie' 2s. p ann' et funt ibi 2 i hyd' trx geld. 

HiUriche- r Phil' de Danys et W's le Ros tz feod. i mil' de com' Oxon', et non 

(ham, l_ debent feft' neque aux' vie'-, et ibi funt 5 hyd' non geld'. 

j Com' Oxon' tz 7 hyd' trs non geld' et dz de aux' vie' 4s. per ann' et 
Abington,<; nullam de fed' Clare. — Ibidem ComitilTa dz 4s. de firma et de hered* 

[ Canvill i6d. de firma. 
Parva /Hug' de Vaus, Herveus fil' Pagani, et ppres fui tz feod. i mil' de Hon* 
Abington, (^ Rich, ei dz i fedt' et de aux' vie' 4s. et funt ibi 4 hyd' tr.^ geld'. B. 

(Galf de Scalar' tz feod. i mil' de hon' Rich' et dz fed' ct de aux' vie' 
2s. 1 id. p ann' — Ibidem tz Joh'es de Saufton ^ feod' i mil' de feod' 
Hardwyn de Scalar' et dz aux' vie' 2s. per ann' et nullam dz fed' — 
Ibidem tz Trillram de Fraxino I feod' 1 m. de feod. com' Wintoii 
^ * ^ de hon' de Traflinton, et dz 1 fe6t' ct de aux' vie' 2s. per ann' et ibi 
funt 7 hyd' quarum 3 4- •"""£ geld' Clar'.— Ibm Tho' Hamelin dz 20s. 
de firma, Ibm feod, W'mi Pirot dz 13d. de aux' vie'. B. 
-Rad' de Bancis tz '^ 1 rnil' de hon' Pvich' ct dz 1 feifl' et de aux' vie' 2s. 
ry r \ — IB™ Rob' Safrcy et W's Fcrard tz i hyd' trie p fervic' ^ feod.i niiL 
^ , " ' < de hon' Rich' et dz per ann' de aux' vie' Sd.-.-Ibidem funt 7 hyd' 
^'^^"' I verum t hyd trs? quam Rad' de. ct -^^^iU'^ fil' Had' et Rob* 
Saffrey tenet ihyd', et funt geld'>' 

G 2 Horfcye, 


y, J. r kern de Horfeya Tnlis de Penfeld dz 6d, de firrr.a, et ^d. 

Houeye, ^ —Ibidem VV's Minac' dz i fefi' et de aux' vie' 4d. 

de aux' vyc, 






SauHon, • 

//.•.'«^. o'f T'Fttlcsford. 

Eft ibidem feod. i mil', verum Saeriis deS'to And'r et ppes fiai tz medi- 
etatem et hcredes de Torpel medietatem de 3no rege in cipite, et dz 
de aux* vie' 2S. per ann' ct non dz feft' Clar'. — llim funt 20 hyd' trs 
non geld'. — IBm Ws de Barbador dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 2s. et de 
feod' de Lincoln' Clar'. — Ibidem Triftram de Fraxino dz ad ward* 
caft' f m. infra ann* et {. 
Eft de hon' Bonon' et debz feci' neque aux' vie*. Sed dz per ann' 2s. de 
warda pen et funt iBm 20 hyd' tr^ non geld' et ibidem hyd' geld' 
quam abbas de Derhm ct prrorifTa de ead''. 

Heredes Gaudini tz feod. f mil' de hon' Rich' et Had' Saham tz 
aliud f feod. mil' de hon' Rich' et dz fe(Et' et de aux vie' 2s.— 
Ibidem Jordanus de Aubernum tz | feod. i mil' de com' Marefcall, 
et non dz fefl* neque aux' vie' iis. — Ibidem Andr* de Goys tz i 
fedl' et dc aux' vie' 3s. — Ibidem funt 4 hyd' geld' de feod. Rad' de 
Saham et Alic. dc Furnivill, et dz left* et pont'. — et funt ibidem per 
totum 20 hyd' Clar' Prior de Wttlesford tz i virg' trse feod. W'i 
de Colevill, et dz fed' et pont. 
Rog' de Akeny tz man' de Wtlesford de Rad' de Thony p focag'— 
Ita qd dz habere cum preiJic. Rad' in exercitu quando ictm Rad' 
ibit cum dno rege in exercitu, et ibidem funt 12 hyd' trae non geld' 
dz I feft'. 

Rich' de Attauefton tz feod' 2 mil' de 3'no rege in capita, et dz 1 fe£l' 

et aux' vie' 2s. per ann' et funt ibi 4 hyd' geld'. Ibidem Rob' de 

Someri tz ptes 1 1 mil' de feod' comitcfle, et non dz fedl' neque aux' 

vie' Abbas de Grefteyn tz 2 hyd' trae in elemos' et funt ibi per totum 

^ 8 hyd'. 



rPhil' I 

, \ Rlk 

y funt 

Hund, de Radeford, 

Baflet tz feod. i mil' de honore Rich' et dz 3 ptes fedl* et Phil' 
L-fpaud 1 ptes feftse, et Phil' Baflet dz p ann' de aux' vie' iSd. Et 
nt ibi 2 hyd' geld'. 
Jacobus de Frevill tz feod. 2 4 mil' cum terra Joh"s Jacob in pva 
Karleton. W's deKirketon et tra Herbert! de Alenton in SwafF- 
ham,etpro eod. Jacobo Joh'es de Walepol dz facere i fedl' et 
Joh'es Jacob, i fed:' — Icfm Joh'es dz de auji' vie' 6s. et idm Joh'es 
habet in Wrattinge 2 i hyd' geld'. 





Ro,!;^' de Coievill tz feod. i mil' de coniit' Warcn'. IbBcni. Hugo 

Grandin tz ,^ feod. i mil. dc Ivor' Kich': — IbniWs Kirk'ttor, Ilog' 

Leuerrer, Jolis llaukiH, Jot'is V,, dcbenc i'accre 1 k£i.]^ni ftv,c[.' 

. Rog' Colevil. Hug' Grandin dz 1 fedl' ad coniit' et hiind'ct idm Hug' 

dz de aiix' vie' 4s. — Ibm tz Ivog' Coievill 7 I hyd'gcld ll3m Hug* 

Grandin tz i | hyd' geld. — Itrm Ws de Kirketoc tz i hyd' tise quae 
jacct in Parva Kareltuii, et efl geld' ct eft de feod. de Hardwyh de 
Scalar'. Idm W's dz p ann' 1 8d. de aux* vie'. 

^.'f !f^°" ^^ I ^'■ior de Lewes tz 6 hyd' geTd' et dz o ann' los. de aux' vie'. 
Willinghm, I J b ^ 

w's de Moyun tz 3 hyd' rrje geld' et dz p ann' 4s. de aux' vie' et Rich' 

Luce dz I fedt. pro feod. "W'i de Moyun, et idm tz piitdic' tram de 


mil' in burg' in Swafi'ham de hon' Rich' 16m 



in iocag. 
CTho' de Burgo tz feod. 2 







Saxton, ^ 

funt 5 t liyd' ux geld'. Idm Tho' dz i fed. et Rog'^.tleEffex 1 ledl' 
et pets Tho' p ann' de aux' vie'. 'f::}--t { ' ' 

Joh's Hifc-t 6 hyd' trx geld de ombz quietas — Ibidem tz Eftrangia 
hyd' tr^ gtld. de feod. Hardewyn de Scalar' et dz p ann' 4s. de 
aux' vie' Eadm Eftrangia dz 1 led' ec Rad' Matefrey dz 1 fed' ec 
ictm Rad' tz i hyd' irse in ead' de feed. Britann' predida Lftrangia 
cum tra Jofis fil' Hug' in Swaffham tz predidtam tcrtanl pro feod. 
I mil' de feod. 'Hardewyn' de Scalar' Rad' Matefrey dat' p ann' 
1 2d. de aux' vie' de hon' Ricli. 
Hen' fil' Wilt'i tz i hyd' tr^ de hon' Rich' p focag' et dz aux' vie' izd, 
per ann'. 

Hundred, dc Cheveleyc 



f Rad' de Thoni tz Kertling pfcr janciam de fl'no rege, et ibi font 10 hyd', 
|_ trse non geld', et in villa de Kertlinge nulla eft led' neque aux' vie'. 
T'Rad' de Cameys tz Ditton ad feod firmam p los. de hered' Rad' fil* 
Hug' et ibidem funt 10 hyd' geld', et iclm Ract dz per ann' i fcd'et de 
aux' vie' 4s. per ann'. 
Tho' de Valeneys tz Ditton de feod' Cameys per fervic' militare de hon' 
Rich' fcit. feod. 3 milit' ibidem funt 5 hyd' tfffi geld' et iBrn ictm 
Tho' dz I fed' ct de aux' vie' 4s. per ann'. Tho' de Lauenhm Hen* 
de Bello campo tz Sexton de com' Oxon' per lervic' miiitaif' viz. feod. 
2 mil'. — 1dm Tho' dz i fed' per ann' et de aux' vie' zs. per ann'. — \%m. 
Hen' de Bello Campo dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 2s. per ann'. — tm funt 
2 hyd' trse geld'. EtTho' de Lauenfim eftcapitalis flns ejuldm villae. 
Galf Arfic tz feod. 2 mil. de comit' Oxon' et ibidem funt 6 hyd' 
tras. ct 40 acres geld'. Ibidem Galf '^z i k&,' et de aux' vie' 4s. 
per ann'. 









/-Hamon Peche tz feod. i mil' de comit* Rici Marefcail' ec ibidem de eod* 
feod. 3 hyd* et non geld, et non debent fed:' neque aux' vie. — Km 
W's fii' Luce tz 6 ptem i mil' de feod' de Hen' Kemefh de Hon' Rich' 
idm W's dz I left' et de aux' vie' 1 2d. per ann'. — Et ell ibidem de 
eod' feod' i hyd' geld'. 
Rob' de Gynes tz feod' i mil' de Hen' de Bello Campo. Et The' dc 
Valeynes dc feod. comit' Oxon. Ibidem funt 3 hyd' et 40 acres trae 
geld'. — Idm. Rob' dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 2s. per ann'. 

Hundred, de Si ape! bo. 

Abbas de Ramefeye tz 10 hyd' trs non geld' de dno rege in capite. 
Ibidem tz Rad. Carreys 2 \ hyd' trte de feod. Britann' et hon' Rich' 
per fervic' feod. i mil'. — Mm dz per ann' aux' vic'et dz. 1 led. 
quam Auch fir Eudon. et Gilb' fil' Galf faciunt. pro eo. Ibidem tz 
Hen' fil' Rob' i hyd' et i virgat' trre de hered. 1 ho' de Burgh de 
hon' Rich' et reddit ad fcutag' 2S. — Ibm dz Johs Feresfeid i feft' per 
ann'. Ibidem dz Rob' fil' Yvon i kSC per ann' Abbilla de Chartcriz 
tz I i- hyd'. ttcB de feod' epi Eli in libm elemos'. 
Rob' de Haftings tz 2 hyd' tre geld' de hon'. Rich' per fervic' i mil* 
dz I fed' et de aux' vie' 2s. 







f Johs de Vaus' tz feod' 1 mil' de baron' W'l Perci — Ibm funt 4 
\ hyd' geld' et tota villa dz i feci' et de aux' vie' 5s. 



Wymcr de Corrington tz feod. i mil' de hon' Rich' — Ibm funt 3 hyd* 

trns non geld' et tota villa dz 1 fed' quam Jotis de Sirefman facie 

pro ea. 
Hub'tus de Burg' tz | feod. mil' de dno rege. Phil. Bafiet tz feod. i mil' 

et Radd de Saham tz feod. 4 mil'de hon' Rich'. — Ibm funt 11 hyd' 

trze geld'. 
Nichs de Kennet tz feod. i \ mil' de comit' de Warenn' ibidem funt 

3 I hyd' non geld, et tota villa dz feft' et non aux' vie'. 
Walt' de Donel'tunvill tz 2 ptes ejufd villa p ferjarciam de hon' de 

Meldham non geld'. Ibm tz Rob'fil' W'l | feod. r-il' deepo Rocheft' 

et idinti Piob' tz i § hyd' ei homines fui dz i fed' ct de auX' vie' i6d. 

Clar' — Prior de Ely tz 1 h'd' tr£ in lib'm demos'^ 

{Walt' de Yfelham tz 40 acras trze de Walt' de Dunellanvill per foccg'. 
— idm Walt' et ppes fui tz 42 acras rr^ de feoO' de burg' p locag' ct 
dz I fed' g ann' et idem debent 4d. p ann' de au.\' vie'. — B. 



Hundred, de Sia e. 

W*s fil* Marcin et Jolis ^t Relle.KT. fciod' rmil' dc hon' d^ Bukin'gh^ar 

—Ibm Eult' dc la Lande dz i Ica'et Mig' lii^Auouilmi ■ Icci' pro 
comit' c[uas debent pro tota villat" — Ibm funt 10 hyd' trse geld' et 
tota villa dz 2 marc' dc aux' vie et hanco peg'. 







, W's de Kobrigge rz feod' i mil' de.e^o Eli, et dz i fcvT;' — Ws de Qj.ieyc 
tz in Qiieye et in Hattele fto'd' ^ mi!' de \\''mo de Hohrigge qui tz 
J in caput de duo rege — Idm W's de [lobriggc dz per ann' de luix' 
I vie' prQ.C^ueyCjIijkcrwrthe, Cp^rjiton, Beche, Graiidene, IlatceJe los-. 
I Albriciusdzied'.V ..?."* ^ 
Ws tz feotl'-27 pr'es i mil' de Fe'oci. A^tm deRamefe, id'm Ws dz fed' 
et de aux' viq\i8d. Clai' — ibidem Briaa' fii' Alan' tz i hyd' tre pro 
4ta pte feod. i mil' de Hon' Britannise. — Ibidem in C^eye fiiat 3 ^ 
bvd' et 10 acr. trje geld' et 6 ~ hyd' rrfe de llbro Elienf. 
f Ws 'I'alcmach tz feod. i mil' et Martin' Camcrar' feod. | mil' de com' 
Oxon' Rog' te Lourd dz i fed' protota villa, et dz villa per ann' 
de aux' vie' 4s. ct ibidem funt 4 hyd'. geld' Clar'. . ; 

. Rob' de Inlula tz'2 hyd' trae de hon'^Britan' p fotag' Rad* fii' Fulcon 
tz 40 acr' tra; ibidem de hon' Britan' p focag* idem'' dz cf 
aux' vie' per aftn' lod. — Et idem Rad' et Joints fil'. Hch' tz'i hyd' 
■tra*geld'. lit Templar' et W's PikoT: tz 3 hyd' trie ripn.^eld'et 
n'uMa fefla debetcr in VVilbiirham. , -'■-'-■/■.; 

Comitiffa Oxon. tz feod. i mil' de hon' de Clar^ 'ef 'nulP reddit 
fcurag'. IbiderrVdz Ws fil' Mayerni i feft' Gaif ad'Fordhm i 
Swaffham, { fed' iMartin le Blund- dz i fed' et Rich Birt et ppes fui 1 left' 
Ibidem debent de aux' vie' 7s. lod. per ann' Ibidem fynt iq .hyU- 
geld'—Clar'.: , ' •' " "' \ ^ 

.Hug' de'^Crawdene ti feod. i mil' de feod. Harnon Peche, et tz 1 ^. 
hyd'— idm Hug' dz i fed' ct de aux' vie' per ann. izd. B. Ibidem 
Eborard le Franceys dz 1 fed' et de aux' vie' i2d. per ann' et tz c 
hyd' B; — Ibidem jobs fil' Bald, dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 'zt .pcr- 
anh'— Clar'.-^lbidem Herbert' de Alenchum tz in SwaiTh, Carlet,'. 
Balclh' ct Bad bur Jr feod. i ^ mil* de feod. Hard' de Seal' Id'm dz i 
fed' deaux* vie" i8d. per ann'. Ibidem iunt 7 hyd' tne geld' et 3^ 
de libfoEiienS'Clar'. 



■' Hundred, de Fkmedich.^ 




"Ws de Warbleton tz 3 i hyd' de hon' Rich' Tbm War'^oi'd^fer'; 

neffe et Rad'Matefreys tz i hyd' et i v rg' tra» grid' de hon' Rch'- 
et dz I fed. et de aux' vie. 2od. — Tbidi n Rob"'de la Marcer tz ' 
•1 hyd' trse geld' de epo Eliens. et dz i fed' et de aux' vie' 6d.- "^ 
iciis de Bello Campo jz feod. f de ^fio rege in capite, et dz i fed' 
et de aux' vie' ^%. et tz 4 hyd' trs geld. — Ibidem Rob' de Manets t? 
de epo Eli et folebat faeere fed' et dz aux' vid' 2S. lod. ' t tz 3 hvd*' 
quce folebant ef!*c geld'. — Ihidem Rog' ta Zuche tz per ibcng'f r dz 
deaux' Vic' i marc' de hon' Rich'. Ibidem W's fil''W'areil' tz fVnd, 

— _ .^ 

mil' de com' Eflex. Hamon Pailelowe tz 4 hyd' non geld' de coiruc' 

Marefcallo per focag'. 
f Alan de NeuiU tz feod.' i mil. de hon' Rich'— Tbm Jobs fil' Hm' tz 
\ feod. t mil' de hoa' Uich' — tota villa dz 1 fed' et de aux' vie' is. 




The Twentieth Part upon all Ecclefiaftical Revenues, which was 
granted to King Edward the Firlt by the Pope, and affefled 
: by Walter Biiliop of Norwich, was colIecSled by the Prior of 
Barnwell, and is as follows : ' 

Decanatus de Wifebeche. Value 

Ecc' de Leveiington, cum vicar. .So marc 

Neuton, cum vicar. 35 ni- 

Ecc' deTiJ. 5-- m. 

Eim, cum capella de Emenethe 60 m. 

Wyfebeche S'^ ™« 

Vicaria de eadem 10 m. 

Vicaria de Elm- ■ , , ia.m. 

Decan de Ely. 

Wytlefeye St. Andr' 

St. Maris 













Sta; Marie dc Ely 


Omnium Storvitn ad Caftrum 

Ecc' Sti Egidli 

Sti Petri ad'paftruM,. 

n 'i'jjt I ib .hlfca 

IllUi tiKi 

I- 'rlblJI 'nc' 



15 m. 
20 m. 
20 m, 
50 m. 
, .; ao m. 

lit tuvr ■■ . ;' 

jT ^ ao in, 

' . 15 m. 

, j8 m. 

20 m. 

15 m. 

15 m. 

4 m. 

6 m. 

60 m. 

75 m- 

, , 20 ra. 

Decan' de Canteb'. 


4 marc 
22s. 4d. 

2 t ni. 

3 m- 


I m* 



I m. 

I m. 
2 I m. 

I ou 

I m. 

I OS. 


3 m. 


5 m. 4odr 5|, 
rod 'Jb 'i?9f^' ! 'T'P'^- 


\ ■' 

» This tax was'^granted anno i2!;4, as appears by Annales Monaft. Burton, p. j6e. ; Ed. 
N, B. The year i2S4,v\'as the jSth of Henry ill.— Q;. Was it aot {255 ? 





S?i dementis cum Vicarla 

Sti Sepulchri , 

Om Storum juxta hofpitalc 

Sti Michaelis 

Sta^ Mari3C 

Sti Edwardl 

Sti Jotinis 

Sti Botulfii 

Sti Benedifti 

Sti Petri aB Portatrj 

Sti Andrese 

Sti Trinitatis 

Vicaria ejufdem 

Capella Sti Andres de Bernewelle 

Sti Vigoris dc Fulburn 

Vicaria ejufdem , .x 

Porcio Prioris de Penfend 

Capella Sti Eadmundi in eadens 

O'ium Storum de Fulburn ^ 





Vicaria ejufdem 

Vicaria de Hintone 

Abbiffa de Berkinge habet m. capella Sti 7 

Decanat. de 



Eadmundi de Fulburn 


Prior de Bernw. in eadem 

O'ium Storum de Stantone 

Sti Michaelis de Stantone 



Prior de Bernw. in eadem 

AbBas CroyelandicE 

Sti Andreae de Hyilone 

Prior de Hake in eadem 

Prior de Bernw. in eadem 

Stse Etheldrede de Hyllon 

Abbas de Eynlham in eadem 

Ecca de Drayton 

Abbas CroylandiiC in eadem 

7 ra. 

4s. ou. 

I m. 


40 sT"'" 


2 m. 


12 m. 


3 "^■• 




b m. 

5s. 4d.. 

& m. 

■ 53- 4d- 

6 m. 


5 m- 







7d. i 

jjl m. 

115. 8d^ 



5 ri''' 


2 m. 


40 m. ' 

2 in. 

30 m. 


25 m. 

- 17s.- '"" 

30 m. 


25 § m. 






4 m. 



20 m. 

I m. 

2 m. 


22 m. 


10 ni. 


2Z m. 

14s. 8di 

33 m. ■• 




I m. 


16 m. 

10s. 8d; 

2 m. 


2 m. 


20 m. 

1 m. 

4 m. 


25 m. 

1 6s. 8d. 

1 m. 


H h 





Abbas de Ramefeye in ead. 



Abbas de Ramefeye in eadem 


Prior de Ely in eadem 


Prior de Bernw. in eadem ' 


Prior de Bermundifeya in eaa. 

Prior de Bernw. in ead. 




Pappwrthe Agn. 

Prior de Huntedon in ead. 

Pappwrthe Everard 

Prior de Svvavefey in ead. 




Vicaria ejufdem 



Prior de Bernv/. in eadem 



Prior de Sto Yvonis in ead, 

Childerle major 

— rninor 

Abbas de Kaniefeye in Gravele 
Idem ; bbas in EU'efwrthe ' 
Icem aobas in Cnapwell 




Prior de Bernw. in eadem 



Swwe cum vicar. 




25 m. 

16s. 8d. 

I m. 


15 m. 

. 10s. 

25 t m« 

i8s. 4d. 

2 t m. 


18 m. 




ID m. 


3 "1- 


.10 m. 






5 m. 

2I m. 

t. * 

lecant. dc Knapwell. 


10 m. 

i m. 



V 4 m. 

3 2d. 

^ m. 4cd. 

4 rn. lod 





8 m. 

5s. 4d. 

20 m. 

1 m. 



20 m. 

I m. 



3 ni« 


•n^JbJ ib .Jtriro- ■ 6 m. 


:; 22 1 m. 


10 m. 

i m. 

9 m. 




4 m. 


10 m. 

1 m. ■ 


2S. , 

Dccan. de Brunne. 

• ... 

23 m. 

15s. 4d. 

4 m. 


t m. 


15 m. 


15 m. 

I OS. 

17 m. 









Prior de Bernw. in ead. 

Everldone Parva 

Prioriffa de Markeyate in ead, 

Everfdone Magiu 

Ecc'a de Toft 

Prior de Swavefeye in ead. 

de Bjrnw. in cerris 


Decanat. de Bertone. 

Ecc'a de Bertone 
Prior de Bernw. in ead. 
Scelford Magna 


Trippelawe ': 


Vicaria ejufdem 







Prior de Sco Neoto in ead. 

Cotes _ . 

Prior de Bernw. in ead. 

Aringtone cum decimis de Sees 


Abbas de Sees in ead. 

Hafelingfeld cum laico tenemento 

Prior de Bernw. in eadem 


Vicaria ejufdem 

Prior de Swavefeye in ea3 

Prior de Bernw. in ead: 


Prior de Longa Y't\\gi 




21 m. 


2% m. 

18s. 8d, 

5 "!• 


20 m. 

1 m. 

8 m. 

5 s. 4d. 

3 m. 


6 m. 


5 r"» 


15 m. 

I OS. 

8 m. 

5S. 4d. 

i m. 


3 m. 


I2r m. 


20 m. 

I m. 



15 m. 

I OS. 

36 m. 

24s, ■ ; 

14 m. 

9s. 4d; 

50 m. 

2 m. 1 

36 m. 


6 m. 


S ni" 

2 |m. 

15 m. 

I OS. 

12 m. 


64 m. 

3 m. 32d. 

4 m. 


14 m. 

9s. 4d. 


1 2d. 




2d. 1 1 farthing 

13 m. 

8s. 8d. 

12 m, 



1 2d. 

60 m. 

3 m. 

I m. 


24 m. 

1 6s. 

4 m. 

3 2d. 



I OS, 


9 m. 



1 2d. 


U h a 




Idem Prior in penc'one 



Vicaria cjufdem 

Ab. de Sto Albano 

Prior de Lewes 

Prior de Berneweile 

Prior cie Ijiiremedwe in terris 

Haukiflone et capella de Neutonc 

Porcio Prioris de Ely 

Vicaria de eacf. 

Decan' de Scenegeye. 



Vicar, ejufdem 


Prior de Lewes in ead. - 

Abbas de Laucfidene in tempOfaliti 

Wendeye templariorum 

Templarii in ead 

Baffingbuine cum fuis capeffiij '' 

Vicaria ejufdem ' ' ' 

Prior de Rumburk ',, ' -' 

Litlington J '"' 

Abbas de Eynefliaiji Hi ead; 

Stepelmorden currt capellis 

Schenegey holpitalis 





Vicaria ejufdem 


Gildcne Morden 

Vicaria eJLifct 

Canonici de NovdLoco intempltiz 

i'nor de Ware in ^tclree in templliz 








12 m. 


20 m. 

I m. 

10 m. 

t m. 

5 '"• 

40 d. 

5 m- 




5 m. 


15 m. 


10 m. 

I m. 

5 !"• 


6i m. 

41 d. n-iidakc. 

30 m. 


5 m. 

40s. qry 4od, 

30 m- 



3 3d. 

5 m. 


29 m. 

ic,s. 4d. 

ID m. 

t m. 

120 m. 

6 m. ■ 


1 2d. 

5 ni- 





2 yd. 







15 m. 


1 2 m . 

■^8- ' 


I OS. 

4 m. 





2 m. 


1 2d. 


3d- .. ■ . 



■ n 




Decacat' de Habitone. 

Abbas de Sautre 
Hofpitalis de Neuporte 
Abbas de Derham 
Prior de Monte Mokelin 

Dokefworthe Sti Petri 
Dokefworthe Sti Joliis 

Abbas Greftingae 


Precentor de Ely 

Prec. de Bemweitd 

Abbas de Walijiam 


Abbas de Sautre in templbz 

Prior de Hatfeld in templCz 

Abitone Mag. 

Prior de Hatfield reg. 

Abbitone Parva 

Abbas de Waltham in eaS 

Idem Abbas in Badburham 

Prior de Rumburgo 


prior de Hatfeld reg. 


Prior de Swavefeye 

Prior de Rumburgo 

Prior Monachorum de Thetford 


Prior de Ykeworthe 



Quidam nomine prions de Linton 

Frcs holpitalis de Ncuport 


Caumpes Magna 

2-rior de Hatteld reg. 

Prior de Hake in ecca de Wykham 



20 m. 

I m. 


s^- , , 


id. i fartl 

1 00s. 




12 m. 


18 m. 


16 m. 

IDS. 8d, 

25 m. 

i6s. 8d. 

20 m. 

I ra. 

18 m. 


12 m. 





13d. 5 



25 m. 

16s. 3d, 





10 m. 

i m. 

5 m. 


9 m. 



I od. I- 



4 m. 


12 m. 


4 m. 

3 2d. 

20 m. 

I m. 


lod. s 

3 m. 


4 m. 




3I m. 


16 m. 

IDS. 8d. 

18 m. 


6 m. 




15 m. 

I OS. 

12 m. 


8 m. 

5s. 4d. 

6 m. 




Decanat' de "Wilburham. 

Value VIcelTims 

12 m. 8s. 

Stowe , cm. 4od. 

Trior de Bernw. m eaa J ^ 



Wilbiuham P-irva 

I'rior de Hatfeld "+ ' 

Wilburham Magna Templar 3° » ' 

Abbas de Monte Sti MichaeUs 40S. 2s. 

_ , , C!0 III. ZUa» 

Botekeiam ;; ,-r, .ic 

Porci.nrbi.deNuttele ^m 4- ^^ 

Canonici de Nuttele / ^ 

Prior de Longa Villa ^°°^; {I ^ 

Prior de Bernw. ,* 

Prior de Tonebrig ^^ 5^; J ;„^ 
Swapham Monial ,^ 

Prior de Bernw. J' ' ^ ' 

Swapham Sti Cynci - , , 

Prior de Rumburg in ead. . 1°=" ' 

Swapham Sfe Man^ ^^^ ;j^ «^-^^ 

P"^'- 1^ 1^'y 20 m. I m. 

Steyecheworde ^^ ^_ ^ ^_ 

J^^^l'^S'^''" - lom. fm. 

W^«'^ 10 m. I m. 

Bu'-g . 10 m. i m. 

Brinkele ■ 4 m. 32d. 

V^dlingham ^ ^ z d. i farthing* 

Prior de Lewes in penlione % , 

_ , . J 2 in. luu. 

Idem in ead. ^^ ^^^^ 

Carkton _ ^ j. 

Prior de Lewes in ead . ,t. ^ 1 „„„ 

Idem Prior in Carleton et WlUlngham m lemplBz 3o\. 3° • 

Wertone '5'"- '°'- 

Prior de Lewes in ead: 5 i • ^^ 

Idem Prior in penfione 3 

^11 mi. OQ 

Prior de Hatfield reg. 

Wrattinge ^ 

Balefham ^ o„ 

Wendene Magn. in Dioc' Lond' i^ m. ob. 

5 m. 4od. 

3od id. i 

10s. 6d. 

20 m. I m; 

2 m. 



Pope Gregory taxed the Univerfal Church with a 15th for the fubfidium terr;o 
faiidlae, or aid towards a Crufade. In 1275 ', after the Council of Lyons, this was 
levied by Mailer Revmund de Nogeriis and Frier John de Erlington, according to the 
true value. At which time the fpiricuals and temporals of the priory of Ham well 
were taxed at 500 marcs per ann', the loth of which was 50 marcs, and the whole 
loth, for 6 years, 300 marcs; and yet thisPcffie died before three years. 

• Chron. Tho, Wikes, p. 103. 



The Example of Abbot Stancsfield (fee p. 51.), may be pur- 
ralleled by a parifli prieft lince the Reformation, whofe EpitapU 
in Ubbefton Church in Suffolk, runs thus : 

To the Memory of the 

Rev. Mr. George Jones, who was a minifter of God's word i« 

this place for 40 years (wanting but 5 months :) 

He was a diligent and faithful laborer in God's 

Vineyard, I'paring no pains nor Ihrinking 

back at any difficulty, as appeared in this 

inflance, that when he could neither go 

nor ftand without help, he was then 

carried by two in his chair from 

his own door to his chariot, and likewife fo to 

church, where again by two he was conduded 

to the delk, where he did read divine fervice, 

preach twice the fame day, and 
perform the whole of the facred fundlions, 
and this not for once or twice, but for many days, 
under great weaknefs and indifpolition of body. 

He was eminently pious and very greatly * ' 

learned, though it was much veiled by his 
modefly and humility, yet did fhine through 
it, to the obfervation of thofe who were 
capable Judges. 
Obiit, Jul. 15, 1704, 2t. 75. 
Mrs. Jane Jones his reliifl, Ap. 9, 1705, aged 74, 
2 Sam, i. 23. Col. iii, 4. 


FlakJl-p fS. 

i 73 1 


Is kept near half a" mile eaft of Barnwell, on a fpot anticntly 
called Sterefbrigg *, from the little river Stere^ or Sture^ 
that runs by it^ and not, as Mr. Blomefield f fays, from the toll 
paid for all young cattle or fleers that pnffed over the bridge ; 
for the name was prior to the hofpital and chapel to which that 
toll was granted. 

There have been many fdly guefles made at the name and 
original of this fair to pleafe the curiofity of the ruiticks reforting 
to it, but fcarce a fiUier than that of Thomas Fuller, in his Hiftory 
of the Univerfity, p. 66, concerning the Clothier of Kendal. 

But we find in the Certificatorium % returned upon inqueft to 
king Edward the Firft, that king John granted this fair for the 
benefit of the Hofpital of Lepers § which flood there. " Ad 

* Camden's Britannia in Cambridge ; Layer's MS. Hiftory of Cambridgefhire. 

•\ Colledt. Cantab, p. 1 7 1 . 

\ Ex rotulis Hundred, pro comitatu Cantab, in arce London. See Appendix, 
N° I.': 8 Edw. L Hofpitale de Sturbridge vocatum domus Leproforum ibidem. — 
Didtum hofpitale alienatum eft infra 30 an. temp. Hen. III. Feria ad feftum 
exaltationis crucis — conceffa didV' hofpit' in fuften' per Joh' reg'. Hofpitale de 
Stereiburgh : eft ibi hofpitalarius ex collacoe epi Elien'. Noia patronor' eccl' El' 
dice', Capella de Stereft)rigge valet x marc' non taxatur, 1402. Reg. Fordham, 

f- 1,37- 

§ The council of Lateran had decreed, that lepers fliould have their own fe-i 
parate chapel, cemeter)', and minifter, whenever they were fufficiently numerous 
to afford it, without detriment to the antient churches. This was confirmed by 
Hubert archbiftiop of Canterbury in a council at London, A . D. 1200. He 
decreed, that they might be exempted from payment of tithes of tjicir gardens, 
and de nutrimcntis aniinaliiim raifed for their food. V. Decretum Hub'erti epi Cant' 
in Concil. Joh, Spclman, Tom. II. p. 507. 

I i " diaum 



*' di£lum hofpitale pertinet quaedam feria ad feftum exaitadonis 
" crucis quae durat in vigilia fandae crucis ceu die f^ndns crucis 
** fequente infra claufum cum pertinent. Ad di6l. hofpitale, 
" quam quidam fcriam dominus Johannes rex predeceffor domini 
*' regis qui nunc ei\ leprofis in didlo hofpitaU commorantibus 
" ad eorum fuftentationem conceffit." 

This hofpital for lepers was dedicated to St. Mary Magdalen, 
and was before 1245 in the difpofal of the burgeffes of Cam- 
bridge till about that year, when we find Hugh de Northwold 
bidiop of Ely unjuftly got the patronage of it-, which was 
enjoyed by his fucceflbrs, who collated the mailer or warden till 
the fuppreflion ■f. 

In the certificatorium we are told, that the " cuflos hofpitalis 
" tenet 24 acras terroe Sz. dimid. in campo Cantabrigienfi ad fuf- 
*' tinend. ibid. Leprofos ilcut de jure debet 8c confuevit." The 
townfmen there alfo, being the inquifitors, certify, that the ad- 
vowfon of this hofpital was by right theirs ; but that Hugh Nor wold, 
bifhop of Ely, had invaded their right in Henry the Third's time, 
about I 245. 

Leland, from the Liber Eernwellenfis coenobii, has " Fra- 
'^ tres de Sterebrige ubi nunc domus vetus eo loco ubi nunc 
" pars fori lanarii, Angl. ti/e Duddery ^." 

In Edward the Third's time there was a commiffion " ad in- 
" quirend. de terris & libertatibus ad capell. de Sterefbrigg per- 
" tinent jj." Which chapel, fays Mr. Layer, I reckon, was the 
fame that now remains, and is only ufed to lay lumber of 
the fair in, and inftead of a tipling booth in the time of the 

* Appendix I. 

f Tanner, Not. Mon. 48. 

§ Collccl. I. 444. 

f) Hare's Colleft. vol. III. fol. ^^, See Appendix \% 

■ \ 
: 1 

c?^.q , Thi^ 

cl ;iO F S T U Jl. B, R I D G E., F.;A I ,R. , 7^^ 

This chapel is ftill ftanding near the Paper-mills, and is iilbd 
as a vidlualling-houfe in time of the fair, and their bury.- 
ing- place was near the place nou-- called Coldhams^ where 'tis fiip-^ . 
poled fome houfes formerly flood, from the antient bricks 
often there found. 

14 Henry IV. the warden recovered from the bailiffs the 
ftallage of things on the land called Cbapel-yard"^^ \ by which it 
Ihould Teem that even before the delecration of the chapel, its- 
yard was occupied by the people of the fair. 

Fordham bifhop of Ely granted 40 days indulgence, 1390, 
to all who affifted in the repairs of this chapel. 

The following inftitutions to this chapel are taken from the ■, 
bidiop of Ely's regitlers f . 

In 1 391 Robert T'akell^ then cuftos, died, and bifliop Fordham 
collated Jo-6/; Mif//^/c/, LL. B. and in 1390 that bilhop granted 
an indulgence of 40 days pardon to all who extended their 
charitable benevolence to this hofpital. 

Metfeld refigned it \o Robert Flatten and he, 1 391, exchanged 
it for Waldenewton in Winchefter diocefe, with T'bomas de Pattejle\ 
who refigned it the fame year ; and Metfeld had it again ; 
and after refigned it to "jobn JVinkeperie ; who, in 1395, refigned ; 
and Metfeld had it a third time, and refigned it to Platte in 
1402; and in 1403 Metfeld had it once more on Flatte's refig- 
nation ; and in 1407 exchanged it again with William Wynwegb 
for the cuftody of the free chapel of St. Radegund in the Arches 
under St. Paul's, London. He exchanged it with William Waltbam ; 
who refigned it, 1408, to Metfeld again. 

In 1^11 Jobn Arundel was cuftos ; and at the diflblution 
Cbrijlopher Fulvebye^ who was living 1553, and received a yearly 
penfion of ;^6o. out of the revenues, which was referved to him. 
for life. 

* Reg. Fordham epi Elienf. fol. 228. cited by Tanner ubi fup. 
•f- See Appendix III. 

I i a This 


This chapel is in the bounds of the parifli of Barnwell. The 
profits of the holpital were firft leafed 1497 for 99 years to the 
corporation of Cambridge ; and in 1545 they obtained another 
leafe for 60 years of Henry VIII. ; but in 1605, 4 James I. 
they were granted by James I. to John Shelbury and Philip 
Chewte, gentlemen *. 

Arundel biHiop of Ely changed the day of the dedication of 
Trinitv Church, Cambridge, to the ninth of Odlober, becaufe 
the bufmefs of this fair interfered with it -j-. 

The original charter for this fair does not appear. 
From a charter granted 30 Henry VIIL it appears that the 
magilf rates and corporation of Cambri<ige. Obtained a frefh grant 
of this fdir, in confideration of 1000 marks by them paid to the^ 
king, who refuned the former grant. See Appendix V. This 
charter was confirmed by Elizabeth, a r. 32. In it are fpecified' 
the different quarters o-f the fair' affigned to the feveral trades 
and dealers from the plan. See Appendix VI. 

hi a controverfy between the pi-ior and convent of Barnwell, 
and the mayor, biu'geffes, and commonalty of Cambridge, con- 
cerning Sturbridge Fair, Sec. and the matters in difference being- 
referre-d to an avvarv_i=, it was ordered, among other things, the 
20th of Aug. 8 HenryVlII. - 

That, the mayor, burgefies, 8>:c. for evermore, fliall have, 
hold, and in joy e, keep and maintain the fair, called Sturbridge 
Fair, as well within the faid town of Barneweli, &c. as in all 
o^her lands and fields of the faid prior and ^convent, lying on the 
calt between the faid monaftery and towii ol: Barnewxilj, and a 
bridge called Sturbridge, from the fealt of St. Bartholomew unto 
the fealt of St. Michael in .September ; and^tbat they and their 
farmers- might, without let or malcftation of the faid prior and 

.-nil ■. 
* Blomcfielcl, CoU, Cantab, p. 171, 172. f See Appendix IV. 



convent, build ftalls, fhops, &c. the mayor, 8cc. throwing 
clown all banks, chimneys, Sic. -within four clays after Michael- 
nifeis, and provided, that all fuch farmers of any houfe or fhop 
letten by the prior aniF convent fhould pay but one fhilling by 
the year to the mayor, &c. for his and their houfe and lliop. 

Queen Eliz: 31 regni fui, granted to the mayor' and com- 
monalty of Cambridge, Sturbridgc Fair, and the power of 
building and difpofing of booths in the fame, as isihere men- 
tioned -. 

The proclamation f is to be in Vigilia Nativ. B: Virginis, and 
tc be finilhed before 11 o'clock " ante horam uridecimarri tei-mi- 
netur."' The vigil of the Nativity of - the Blefled Virgin is the 
7th of September, on which queen Elizabeth • was born, which 
probiibly was the reafon of her fixing it to that day,, it being 
originally on the vigil of Holy Rood Day-|*^-^'^ io Jnyi 

The vice-chancellor § has the fame power iri' dais fair that he 
has in the town of Cambridge in all ' refpedlis'. - S'efe' Hare,' vol. II. 
p. 135 ; Black Book, p. 81. See alfo the Prodor's Book, Hare, 
vol. r. p. 97. 7 Ric. 11. The fair is to be proclainied by the vice- 
chancellor and mayor, and they are to proclaim firft'-*?* alterrris' 
""vicibus annuatim." The vice-chancellor wtint fifft iri'the 3ifl: 
of queen Eliz. Anno 1589. The odd a'lways his. 

His power over the weights and meafures- was granted' by 
writ 7 Henry v. See Appendix VII. And duriiig a difpute 
btetw-een the univerfity and th^ city of London, 7 Henry V. this 
power, with that of keeping the peace, was 'lodged in the (lierifF; 
Appendix VIII. and IX. 

The heads of the ■ univerfity 's privileges may be feen in A'p- 

pendix X. The publjck beam for^^veighing ©4* hops vaSwreco- 

•' * From a MS. belonging to Dr. Parrri^ri'' i'-^'"- ''.';- -'''^''-'i^- ^^ 'I"" ''^:-'"" "* 
•f- Black Book, p. 83. 
+ Dr. Richardfon's MSS. 
§ Queen Elizabeth's Letters Patent in the 31ft year of her reign. , 


yS II I S T O II Y AND, A; N T: t <^U I T I E S 

vered to the imiverrity 12 Charles. II. ;, having been, during the 
civil war, ufurped, by the GorpQra,tion. See Appendix XI. 

The univeiiityis always to have ground affigned for a booth 
by the mayor on Bartholomew's Day. See the Queen's Letters 
Patent ubi fypra *. 

1525, Robert Braffie, born at Bunburie in Chefliire, vicar of 
Prefcotr, doflt^r of divinitie, elected the 1 3th provofl: the 3d of . 
CKftober, 1556, and fo remained two yeares, who being vice- 
chancellor, 1558, was much commended for his witedome in with- 
Jftanding the heads and mailers of colleges in this univerfitie ; 
when, as they had all, except, him, confented and concluded to 
fell all their wrightes and jurifdicSlions in Sturbridge Faire, to the 
mayor, bayliffes, and burgefles of the towne of Cambridge. He 
proteiled openly againil the pope's vifitors in queen Marie's dayes +. 

For the rent of certain (hops and booths here granted to the 
mayor and burgefles by Philip and Mary, See Appendix XI. 

The tolls payable at the fair may be feen in Appendix XII. 

By order of Rich. II. the IherifF was to apprehend all perfons 
who broke the peace in Bernwell fair, whether fcholars or townf- 
men. Appendix XIII. ^^ 

The curate of St. Andrew's the Lefs, commonly called Barn- 
well, is alfo the Sturbridge Fair preacher, of which hereafter. 

But A. D. 1 7 10, a difpute arifing between the corporation of 
Cambridge, and the patron of Barnwell, concerning the right of 
appointing a Sturbridge-Fair preacher, caufed the two following 
Advertifements to be publillied : 

^^ September xhQ nth, 17 10. 
*' WHEREAS Mr. Mayor of Cambridge has adually this year, 
*' contrary to law, ancient ufage and culfom, fet up an unlicenfed 
" preacher at Sturbridge Fair, in oppofition to the prelent patron 

* Black Book, p. 85. 

■f From Hatcher's Lift of Provolls, Fellows, aad Scholars, of King's College, &c. 

7 " and 



<* and niiniftcr of Barnwell, who claim the tight of preaching 
** there by immemorial prelcription : 

" We, the patron and minil^er thereof, do hereby make it 
** known, in vindication of our own juft rights, and thofe of the 
** future patrons and minifters of the faid parifli. That we fhall 
" deem the perfon or perfons, who have, or fliall prefume, in 
*' oppofition to us, to preach within the faid parifli-bounds, to 
*' be intruders upon our privilege ; and that we will ufe all law- 
" ful means to aflert and maintain our title againft all fuch 
" ufurpers and their abettors." 

" Cambr, September loth, 1711. 
** WHEREAS 'tis the refolution of the corporation of Cam- 
** bridge, againft the prefent incumbent of Barnwell, to fet up a 
*' preacher in Sturbridge Fair ; being led thereinto, by artificially 
*' perfuading Ibme of his predecefTors into an illegal note, againft 
** the patron, his clerks and fucceflbrs in the faid living : And 
" Sturbridge Fair|being in the parifh of Little St. Andrew's Barn- 
*' well, and the minifters thereof have (when right and law pre- 
*' vailed) time out of mind, without any difturbance (the faid 
*' corporation of Cambridge finding alwaies a pulpit) performed 
.** the fervice of the two Lord's-days during the faid fair, with 
** their congregation, fervice-books, veftments, pulpit-ornaments, 
" and parifh-clark, in gratitude for the colledion that hath been 
." there alwaies made, for the better fupport of themfelves under 
*' their fmall parochial income, till the laft year 17 10; for 
** which intrufion, then, the unwary ufurper was cenfured in 
■**'the Biftiop's ecclefiaftical court: Thefe do humbly give no- 
" tice to the gentlemen of the fair, that the pulpit not being 
*' allowed this year as ufual, and it not being known foon enough 
*' to provide one, the fervice of the next Lord's day, during this 

*' prefent 


v».^ rpjrefent fair^.vviU be pei.for ned in the parifh-chiirch, morning 
""" and evening, by the minilter of BamwelL • 

*< Will. Piers." 
c 'Sturbriilge Fair is fet out aiiniially-^an St. Bartholomew's day 
■ by, tlje-mayOT,. aldermen, and the reft of the corporation of Cam- 
abridge/} ay ho 'all ride thither in a grand proceflion,: wJith mufic 
r|?lafing before them., and moflof the boys in town on horfeback 
-ivfl^r thejn, vvho^ as foon as the ceremony is read over, ride races 
..aboptiithe.plae^;, when,, returning to Cambridge, each boy huS a 
cake and fome ale at the town-hall r but we believe that old cuftorti 
is now laid afide. On the feventh of September they ride in 
the fame manner , to proclairn it; which being done, the- fair 
>egins^ and continues three ,\veeks, thovigh the gre'4te£t part fe 
.over in a, fortnight. ; 

This fair, which was thought fome years ago io be the greateft 
in Europe, is kept in a corn field about half a mile fquare, hav- 
ing the river Cam running on the north fide thereof, and the 
rivulet called the S^our (from which, and the bridge over it, the 
fair received its. name) on the eaft fide; and it is about two 
miles eatt of Cambridge market-place, "where, during the fair, 
coaches^ chaifes,.and chariots, attend to carry perfons to the fair. 
The chief diverfions at Sturbridge are drolls, rope-dancing, and 
fometimes a mulic-booth ; but there is an a6l of parliament 
\vhich .prohibits the ailing of plays within ten miles of Cambridge. 
If the field on which the fair is kept is not cleared of the 
corn by the twenty-fourth of Auguft, the builders may trample 
it under foot to build their booths ; and on the other hand, if the 
fame be not cleared of the; booths and materials belonging thereto, 
by Michaelmas-day at noon, the plow^men may enter the fame 
with their horfes, plows, and carts, and deflroy whatever they 
find on the premifes ; as for the filth, dung, iiraw, &c. left be- 
I hind 


hind by the fair-keepers., make them am.ends for their trampling 
and hardening the groimd. 

The fliops or booths are built in rows like ftrcets, having each 
their name, as Garlick-Row, Bookfellers-Row, Cook-Row, Scc^ 
And every commodity has its proper place, as the Cheere-fair,f 
Hop-fair, Wool-fair, Sec. And here, as in feveral other ftreets 
or rows, are all- forts of traders, who fell by wholefale or retail, 
as goldfmiths, toymen, brafiers, turners, milliners, haberdailiers, 
hatters, mercers, drapers, pewterers, China-warehoufes, and, in a 
word, moft trades that can be found in London ; from whence 
many of them come : here are alfo taverns, coffee- houfes, and 
eating-houfes in great plenty, and all kept in booths, except fix 
or feven brick houfes built many years ago, and in any of which 
(except the coffee-houfe booth) you may at any time be accom- 
modated with hot or eolgl roaft goofc, roait or boiled pork, 8cc. 

Crofling the main road, at the fouth end of Garlick-Row, and 
a little to the left hand, is a great fquare, formed of the largeft 
booths, called the Duddery, the area of which fquare is from 240 
to 300 feet, chiefly taken up with woollen-drapers, wholefale 
taylors. and fellers of fecond-hand clothes, &:c. where the dealers 
l\ave,a room before their booths to take down and open their 
packs, and to bring in waggons to load and unload the fame. 
In the centre of this fquare was (till within thefe three years) 
erected a tall maypole, with a vane at the top; and in this 
fquare, on the two chief Sundays during the fivir, both forenoon 
and afternoon, divine fervice is read, and a fermon preached 
from a pulpit placed in the open air, by the minifter of Barnwell, 
as aforefaid, who is very well paid for the fame, by the contri- 
bution of the fair-keepers. 

In. this duddery only, it is faid, there have been fold 1 00,000 1. 
worth of woollen manutadures in lefs than a week's time ; be- 
fides the prodigious trade carried on here by the wholefale taylors 

K k from 


from Lomlon, and molt other parrs of England; who tranfafb 
their bnfineis wholly in their pocket books, and meeting here their 
chapmen from all parts, make up their accounts, receive money 
chiefly ii> bills, and take further orders. Thefe, they fay, exceed 
by far the fale of goods adually brought to the fair, and deli- 
vered in kind ; it being frequent for the London wholefale-men 
to carry back orders from thrir dealers for 1 0,000 1 worth of 
goods a man, and (bme much more. And once in this duddery, 
it is faid, there was a booth, confifting of fix apartments, all be- 
longing to a dealer in Norwich fluffs only, who had there above 
20,000 1. worth of thofe goods. 

The trade for wool, hops, and leather, here is prodigious ; 
the quantity of wool only fold at one fair is faid to have amounted 
to 50 or 60,000 1. and of hops very little lefs. 

September 14, being the horfe-fair day, is the day of the- 
greateft hurry, when it is almoffc incredible to conceive what 
number of people there are, and the quantity of victuals that day 
confumed by them. 

During the fair, Colchefter oyfters, and white herrings juft 
coming into feafon, are in great requeft, at leaft by fuch as live in 
the inland parts of the kingdom ; where they are feldom to be 
had frefli, efpecially the latter. 

The fair is like a well-governed city, and lefs diforder and con- 
fafion tabe feen there than in any other place where there is fo 
great a concourfe of people. Here is a court of juftice always open' 
from morning till night, where the mayor of Cambridge, or his 
deputy, fits as judge ; determining all controverfies in matters 
ariling from the bufinefs of the fair, and feeing the peace thereof 
be kept ; for which purpofe he hath eight fervants, called Red- 
coats, attending him during the time of the fair and other public 
occafions ; one or other of which are conftantly at hand in moft 
parts of the fair ; and if any difpute arife between buyer and 



feller, Sec. on calling out 'Red-coat^ you have inftantly one or morc 
come running to you; and if the difpute is not quickly decided, the 
offender is carried to the faid court, where the cafe is determined 
in a fummary way (as is pra6lifed in thofe called Pye Powder 
court^ in other fairs), from which fentence there lies no appeal. 

About two or three days after the horfe-fair-day, when the 
hurry of the wholefale bufinefs is over, the country gentry, for 
about ten or twelve miles round, begin to come in, with their 
fons and daughters ; and though diverfion is what chiefly brings 
them, yet it is not a little money they lay out among the tradef- 
men, toyfliops, &:c. belides what is flung away to fee the puppet- 
fliews, drolls, rope-dancing, wild beafts, &c. of which there is 
commonly plenty. 

The lalt obfervation we fliall make concerning this fair, is, how 
inconveniently a multitvide of people are lodged there who keep 
it ; their bed (if we may fo call it) is laid on two or three boards, 
nailed to four pieces that bear it about a foot from the ground, 
and four boards round it, to keep the perfons and their cloaths 
from falling off; and is about five feet long ; ftanding abroad all 
day if it rains not ; at night it is taken into their booths, and put 
into the beft manner they can ; at bed-time they get into it, and 
lie necktjnd heels together till the morning, if the wind and rain 
do not force" them out fooner ; for a high wind often blows down 
their booths, as it did in the year 1741; and a heavy rain 
forces through the hair-cloths that cover it. 

Though the corporation of Cambridge bas the tolls of th!s. 
fair, and the government as aforefaid, yet the body of the uni- 
verfity has the overfight of the weights and meafures thereof, 
(as well as at Midfummer and Rech fair) and the licenling of all 
fliew-booths, wild beafts, Sec. And the proctors of the uni- 
verfity keep a court there alfo, to hear complaints about weights 
or meafures, feek out and punifli lewd women, and fee that the 
gownfmen commit no diforders *. 

* Carter's Hiftory of CambridgcfhirCj p. 21 — 27. 

K k 2 'the 


^he Cry of Sturbridge Fair, copied from Berfet College Library 
MS. CVI. N° 31. the pajfages in books from Baker's MSS. in 
the Univerfity Library, Vol. XLI. p. 142. 

1. WE charge and llraightlie command, i,n the name of our 
foveraigne Lady Marye, by the grace of God queene of Englande, 
France, and h-eiande, defendour of the fayth, and of the church 
of Englande, and alfo of Irelande, on earth the fupreme head, 
and in the name of the ryght honourable lorde the bysflioppe of 
Winchefter, and lord chancellor of the univerfitie of Cambridge,, 
that all manner of fcholers, fcholers' fervants, and all other per- 
fons within this faire, and the precindte of the fame, kepe the 
queene's peace, and make noe fray, cry out as flireking, or any 
other noife, by which infurreftions, conventicles, or gatheringe 
of people may be made in this faire, to the troble, vexinge, or 
difquietinge of the queene's liege people, or lettinge of the officers 
of the univerfitie to execute their offices, under the payne of im- 
prifonment, and further puniQiment, as the offence fliall require. 

2. [Alfoe we charge and command, that all manner of fchol- 
lers, fchollers' fervants, weare noe weapons to make any fray upon 
any of the kinge's people, neither in comeinge nor goeinge from 
the faire, under paine of banifliment.] 

3. [Alfoe we charge and command, that all manner of 
Grangers that come to this univerfitie, or the precinct of the 
fame, to thefe faires, to leave liis weapons at theire innes, that 
the kinge's peace may be the better kept, and for the occafion 
cnfueinge on the fam.e, under the paine of forfeitinge the 
weapons, and further punifhment, as the offence fhall require. 
And that innkeepers comeinge in to have theire weapons in the 
inns, under paine of puniflnnent.] 

4. Alfoe we charge and command, that all common woomen 
and mifbehaved people avoide and withdrawe them out of this 
faire, and the precindte of the fame, immediatelie after the crye, 

5 that 

OF S T U R B- R I D G E FAIR. 85 

that the queene's fabjeds may be the more quiet, and good 
rule the better maintained under the pairie of imprifonmente. 

5. Alfo we charge and command, that all manner of bakers 
that bake to Telle bake their loves for one penye, and foure for 
another,'. of good pafte, well boulted, and lawful fife, after as 
the graine goes in the markette. And that the baker have a 
marke upon everye kinde of his bread, wherebye yt may be 
knowen whoe did bake yt, under paine of forfeiture of his bread. 

6. Alfoe that all bakers fliall obferve and kepe fuch life 
of all breade as ftiall be given them by the oilicers of the 
univerfitie, under the paine of forfetinge their bread; and 
yf it happen to any baker that he be found aguine fawtie [in 
any article pertaineinge to our lawfull bread, according to the 
quene's law, that then fuch baker,] after three monitions, Ihall 
be imprifonned and puniQied in the pillorye, accordmge to the 
lawes of our fovereigne lady the queue. 

7. Alfoe, everye baker that baketh horfe-breade f^o fell, that 
he fell three loves for a peny, after good and lawful fie, as fliall 
be given him by the univerfitie, and that it be made of good 
peafe and beanes, and other lawfull ftuffe, and have a marke 
upon it under paine aforefaid. 

8. Alfoe all browne bakers, as well inholders as others, ob- 
ferve and kepe fuch fife of horfe-breade as Ihall be given them 
by the faid officers, under the panes and punifhments as of 
other bakers is reherfed. 

9. Alfoe, that noe bruer fell into this faire, ne any where 
within the precincle of the fame, a barrell of good ale above 
[two Ihillings and two pence], nor a barrell of hollle ale above 
[one fhilling,] no red ale, nor ropye ale, no longe ale, but good 
and wholefome for man's bodye, under the paine of forfeiture ; 
and that every brewer have a marke upon liis barrell, whereby it 



may be knowen whofe it is, under the paine of imprironment 
and fine, at the difcretion of the officers of the univerlitie. 

10. Alfoe, that every barrel of good ale houlde and containe 
16 gallons, [13 or] 15 gallons of clere ale, and one gallon for 
the yeft, and the hogllied 8 gallons ; that is to fay, 7 gallons 
and a pottel of clere ale, and the refidue for the yeft, under the 
paine of forfeiture, and further punifliment after the difcretion 
of the officers of the univerfitie. 

11. Alfoe we command, that the beare-bruer fell a kilderkin 
of double beare into this faire [for two fliillings and two-pence], 
and a kilderkin of fingle beare [for one ffiilling] ; and if any 
bruer, either of ale or bere, be found fawtie in any of the pre- 
miffes, after that he hathe been three tymes amercioned, that then 
the faide bruer fliall be comitted to priibn, there to remaine untill 
he have made fyne with the officers of the univerfitie. 

12. Alfoe, that noe typler fell into this faire, nor within the 
precindl of the fame, a gallon of good ale above [four pence,] 
nor a gallon of hoftle ale [above two-pence ;] nor the beare 
fellers a gallon of doble beare above [four-pence ;] nor a gallon 
of fingle beare above [two-pence,] under the paine of xii pence 
for every tyme. 

13. Alfoe, that no typler, ne gawger, fell by other meafure 
than by gallon, pottell, quarte, pinte, on paine of xii pence for 
every tyme. 

14. Alfoe, where great hurts, detriments, and deception hath 
bene to the queue's fubjedls in tyme paft,- by the reafon of falfe 
and unlawfull meafures broughte by potters and other perfons to 
be foulde and bought in this faire, and the precindfe of the 
fame, in avoidinge thereof the faid hurt and untrue meafures, we 
ftraightlic command and charge, that every potter, and all fuch 
perfons as bringe fuch potts to be foulde in this faire, or the 
prccinfte of the fuiic that they from henceforth fell and bye 


OF S T U R B R r D G E FAIR. 8; 

from good and lawful meafure, as is aforefaid [gallons, pottles, 
quarts, pints, and halfe pints], under paine- of imprifonmenr, 
and there to remaine untill they have made a fine with the 
officers of the univerlltie. 

15. A Ifoe, that every tipler and gawger that felleth ale or 
beere in this faire, that they have their meafures well and lawfully 
lized and fealed, accordinge to the Quene's maiefties' ftandard of 
the univerfitie ; and alfo that every brewer, that hath ale or 
beare to fell, have a figne at his booth [doore], whereby they 
may be better knowne, under the paine of punifliment. 

16. Alfoe, that every one that hath wyne to fell in this fayre, 
[as white, redd, clarett, gafcoyne, malmfye, or any other wine 
they] lliall fell [no dearer than they doe at London, except one 
halfe-penny in a gallon towards carriage ; and that every vintner 
have potts, their meafures fized and fealed, after the ftandard of 
the univerfitie, under the paine of forfeiture, and thcire bodies 
to prifon] according to the adt of parliament thereupon made, 
except his lawful! allowance reafonablie to be made by the offi- 
cers of the univerfitie for the carriage, under the paine in the: ' 
faid a6le comprifed. 

For the Fijh Fayre. 

1. Alfoe, that all perfons that bring [linge-fiQi, ftoc-fifti, or] 
any kinde of falt-filh, to be foulde in this faire [or in the pre* 
cincl of the fame], that they fell noe rotten fyflie, nor brente 
fyfhe, nor reftie fyfhe, but good, lawful, and holfom for man's 
body, under the paine of forfeiture [of the fifh, and of their 
bodies to prifon]. 

2. Alfoe, [that] all [manner of] perfons that have falmon, 
herrings, eeles, to fell in this faire, that the vefTels called butts, 
barrells, haulfe barrels, and firkins, [that they fell none of them 
before they] be fene and fearched before they be put to fale; 



and that the butt hoiilde Ixxxiiii gallons well and trulie packed 
by ytfelfe, upon payne for every butt, barrell, and haulfe barrel!, 
foe lackinge their faid meafure, fix Ihillings and eight-pence ; 
and that the great falmon be well and truly packte by ytfelfe 
without grill, or broken belied falmon with the fame; and that 
all fmall fyfhe, called grill, be pade by therafelfe onlye, without 
medhnge, upon payne of forfeiture, and lofing fix Ihillings 
and eight pence for every butt, baiTell, and halfe barrell, foe 
found fawtie, or contrary to the ftatute of parliament, in the 
which ftatute thefe points and other mo be more plainlye ex- 

[3. Alfoe we command, in the kinge's name, and the chan- 
cellor of this univerfitie, that noe man doe attempt or inter- 
meddle in the office of the gongerQiipp, but fucli as fhall be 
appointed by the officers of the univerfitie ; alfoe that every pike- 
monger that bringeth fifh to fell in this faire, as pike, tench, 
roach, pearch, eele, or any other frefii fifli ; and that the fifli be 
quick and live like, and of fize and bignefs according to the ftatute 
thereof made, under the forfeiture, and their bodies to prifon.] 

Alfo that everye pikemonger that bringeth frefihe fylhe to 
fell in this fayre, as pike, tenche, roche, perche, ele, or any other 
frefhe fvffiie, that the fyflhe be quicke and livifhe, and of fife 
and bignefs accordinge to the ftatute thereof made, under the 
paine of forfeiture. 

Alfo that noe butcher fell any of the tallowe of fuche beafts as 
he fliall kyll to fell in this faire, or the precindle of the fame, 
to any h\it to fuche craftemen and tallowe-chandelers as are dwel- 
lers within the faide univerfitie, and the precincfte of the fame, 
and they for ro make the faid tallow in good and lawful candles, 
fo that the faide ,iiniverfitie and towne of Cambridge, nor other 
the quene's fubjects, be in any wife difappointed, but the better 
ferved, and that they fell not a pound of candles above iid. 



tior the bocher a ilone of tallow above xvid. under the paine 
of imprifonment. 

4. Alfoe, that every butcher that hath flefli to felle in this 
faire, that he bringe no rotten flellie nor murraine, but good and 
houlfome for man's body ; and that every butcher bringe with 
him tlie hide and tallow of all fuch flefhe as he fliall kyll [to fell] 
in this faire, and the precindte of the fame ; [and that every one 
bringe with him the liver and lunges of all fuch beads] under 
the paine of forfeiture. 

5. Alfoe, that every perfonthat felleth by meafure, as by ell 
or yard, wollen clothe, or linen clothe, worfled, or filke, that 
he have his fifed and infealed, after the ftandard of the univer- 
fitie, under payne of forfeiture, and their bodies to prifon. 

6. Alfo every perfon that felleth by meafure, as by bulliell, 
halfe bulhell, peckc, [or haulfe pecke,] cole, falte, mullarde 
feede, or any other things ; that their bufhels, haulfe bulbels, 
pecks, be fifed and infealed after the ftandarde of the univerfitie, 
under the payne of imprifonment, [and fuither as it fliall 
pleafe the officers of the univerfitie.] 

7. Alfoe, that all perfons that fell by weight have good and 
lawful! weights, fifed and infealed, and to agre with the ftandard 
weight of the univerfitie, under the payne of imprifonment, and 
further fine, as it fhall pleafe the officers of the univerfitie. 

8. Alfoe, that no man fhall regrate any of the thinges, 
[as ling fifh, fait fifli, herringes, falmon, pikes, tench, waxc, 
flaxe, rofin, pitch, tarr, cloath, nor any thinge of grocer ware, 
or any other merchandize in the faire, under the paine of 
forfeiture, and their bodies to prifon, and to make fyne as it fliall 
pleafe the officers of the univerfitie ; and he regrateth that buycth ' 
any of the faid thinges afore rcherfed, or any manner of mer- 
chandize of any .man in this fayre, and felleth again the iame 

•LI 'i'^-- -..thinges, 


thinge.s in tbc faid fayre, and inhanflnge the price of the faid' 
thinges more then it was before. 

; 9. .Alfo, if there be any perfon that will ferve any perfonall 
adionV' either for debt, viclualls, injurye, or trefpafsj or thinke 
themfelves wronged in any of the faid premilTes, or otherwife, 
let him complaine to my lord chancellor's commiflbrye, or other 
officers of I he nniveriitie, which fliall hold and keepe courts 
dayly and howerly in this fayre dureinge the fame, to the intent 
that they fhall be heard with lawful favour, right, and confciencey. 
and after the libcrtES of the fame. 

God fave the Kingd^- 

I^rofH an ancient MS. belonging to Dr. Farmer*. 
l>ivers Orders concernlnge the Boocthes in Sturbridge Faiiv.. :> 
Eliz. Regina. Anno ...... Martij 25t6.' 

FORASMCCH as fome queftion hath bene naade of the manefr: 
of tenure of boothes in Sturbridge Fayer, fonae houlding one 
opinion, and fome another, everie man fpealcinge his fantalief 
therein, alErminge his owne opinion to be the true cuftomcj 2th^r 
that it oaghte to ftande for truethe; for that, it hath not, btne' 
generally knowne to all men whether any cuftome hath rerHaiiied 
written in any records of this towa€ conccrninge, tU^.fiUiie: fajre^] 
yea or no. . ;.i;o-. ^y/r.h 

Commandment thereof hath been given to the twvj&e clerked;, 
that the records of the faide towne ilioulde be fearchc^, which'e 
beinge done, it is founde in the oulde and auncient record, called • 
the Grolle Eooke of the fayde Towne, that remaincth there writt.: 
ten ; the cuftome without date ; which beinge reude to the whoL<5 
.ho\vfe, qucl^ion was afkcd, whether any man docth knowe any 




<otlicr cullome then that, and alfo whether any free burgefle of 
this towne doeth houlde his booethe? in any other manner or 
fourme, or by any other cuitome then is her^e extant and. pre- 
fcribed : whereunto it was anfwered by one whoJe voice, that 
that writinge which is written in the faide Crofle Booke, bearinge 
110 date, is the verie true cuftome ufed in the faid towne con- 
cerninge Sturbridge fayer, and tlie booethes in the fame, and 
that every burgeffe of this towne havinge any boothe or boothes, 
in the faid fayer, doeth houlde and enjoye the fame boothes by 
vertue and force of the fame curtome ; and therefore this day 
and yeare, by common confente of the whole commonalty, the 
lame cullome is adjudged the onely good, true, whole, founde, 
perfe6l, and inviolable cuftome obferved, and to be obferved, as 
ufed tyme out of minde, fo to continue. 

It is ordeined, ena6led, eftablilhed and ordered, accorded and 
agreed, by the whole aflent and confent aforefaid, that no free 
burgefle or burgeffes of this towne, whiche hereafter fliall 
keepe, houlde, have and enjoye, any boothe or boothes, grounde 
or groundes, within the faide fayer, called Sturbridge, or the pre- 
cindls thereof, by anie coloure or title, be it by inheritance, fuc- 
ceffion, alienation, gifte, or fale, or otherwife, whatfoever it be, 
Ihall not be taken, accompted, nor adjudged to be in lawful! 
polTeflion of his or theire faid boothe or boothes, grounde or 
groundes, before he or they fhall come to the Guilde-hall of the 
faide towne, at a common dale, or court-daie there houlden : 
and then, in the prefence of the raaior for the time beingc, one 
alderman afliftant to him fpecially named, and the bailiffs of the 
faid towne, and there receive and take deliverye of feifen ; and 
fo admitted of and in every of the faid boothe or boothes, 
grounde or groundes, accordinge to the olde ufage of the faido 
towne ; and then to pay for every fuche boothe or booth es, 

L 1 2 groimde 


grounde or groiindes, fo to be recorded and regirtred into the^ 
faid book, Sec. That is to fay, to the maior for the time beinge 
iiiid. ; to the towne-boxe, for the ufe of the towne, iiiid. ; to the 
towne-clarke for wrightinge and regiftringe the fame iiiid.; and 
alfo to the ferjeante of the warde where the boetli doth lie iid. 
for every boethe. After all which thingc^ done, and dueties 
before rehearfed paid, the faide burgeiTe hathe adjudged to be in 
full and lawful! polfeflion of all and fingular the faid. boothe or 
boothes, ground or groundes, accordinge to the lawes, ftatuts, , 
ordinances, and cuftomes of the towne, as here before hath bene 
iifed tyme out of minde,^ and not before. 

Item, it is ordeined, eftablilhed, enacled, accorded, and agreed, 
that after poffeffion lawfully taken, by any burgeiTe or burgeffes, 
of and in any boothe or boothes, grounde or .groundes, withiii 
the faide fayer, in manner and fourme befoEe mentioned, then 
■yt fliall be lawful to any fuche burgeiTe and owner of boothe 
or boothes, grounde or groundes, within the faide fayer, to ali- 
enate, bargain, fell, exchange, or put awaye his faide boothe or 
boothes, grounde or groundes, or any of them, at anye tyms, 
duringe his Ivfe,- at his will and jjleafure, to anie other free 
barges of the faide towne, hee makinge furrender, delivering 
ftate, and recordinge the fame in the regifter booke aforefaid, as 
before hath bene ufed ; and after the, fame niauer and fourme 
as it is before exprefied, any ade, ordinance, claufe, fentence, 
ufe, or cuftome feminge to the contrary notwitbftandmge. •j[>iii'& 

Item, it is further enaQed, ordeinedy accorded and agreed,' by 
the whole aflent and confent aforefaide,,tha,t every burgeiTe of 
the faide towne, which nowe bee, and hereafter (liall bee, law- 
fully poffcfied, and in any boothe or boothe&j' grounde or 
groundes, hi the f\ide fuyer of Sturbridge, in maner as. before 
lehearfcdy fliall and may.e,.. by- Jiis lall., will. and tcfl.araent,.gev,e 

" f and 



and bequeathe all and everie of his faide boothe or boothes, 
grounde or ^roundes, to any other perfon or perfons, as hberally 
and freely as he myghte gave or bequeathe any other lands, 
tenements, or moveable goodes that he hathe ; fo that he or they 
to whorae fuch gifte or legacie flial be made concerninge any 
boothes or boothe .grounde in the faide fayer, fliall be free bur- 
gefle or burgefies of the faid towne, after fuch maner and fourme 
as before and hereafter is, and flial be declared for the mainte- 
nance and good continuance of this towne, and accordinge to the 
cuftorae of the towne heretofore ufed. 

■- And furthermore it is ordeined, -accordeti 'and. agreed, that 
every fuche burgelTe, having boothes in his lawfuil pofleirion as 
before is exprelTed, fliall and may, at his free wULand liberty, by 
his laif will and teftament, will and bequeathe all and every of his 
faide boothe or boothes, grounde or groundes, to be' foul de, and 
the money thereof comminge to be emploied for the: preferment 
of his or theire children, payment of his debts and legacies, and 
for fullfilHnge his or tlieire lade will' or wills; and the faid^ 
teftatoa' fiiall or maye nominate and appointe one free bargelfe! 
or more, at hi5 pleafure, by his faide teitamente or lalie will, to*- 
make fale, of .his. ;faide: boothe- or boothes, grounde or'groundfefef 
accordingly. And: for, lacke of any fuche fpecially appointed, it 
fhal be lawful, by force .aud virtue of this ordinance, to the ex-- 
ecut'Qr . or executors ■ jofj znyi ifuthe burgefl-e .fo . will in ge ' H is boothe; , 
o): boothes, graunde drgvoundes to be fduIdeV tci make .foleof the 
fame boothe or bootheSj grounde or grouitdes, accordinge to the 
faide will and teilamcnt ; and for the' clue, performance of the 
fame, aod after fale Ibjnade, eitheiivby the perfon); of. perfons to 
thatrappointedl or d-fe J'of [default f of: iiicli appointment, by the 
executors of the. faide: teilator, fo it be made to. a burgeffe or- 
bjLirgeiies of the fame towne. The fame fale fliall ftande and. 

94, H I S T O R Y A N D A N T I Q^U I T I E S 

be as good and effedlual, to all intents and purpofes touchihge 
the due accompUflimeiit of his or their faide will or wills, as y^ 
the faide Tale had bene made by the verie owner of the faide 
boothe or boothes, groimde or groundes in his lyfe tyme. 

Item, it is ordeined, enadled, accorded, and agreed, by the 
whole afiente and confente aforefaide, that after the faide fale 
made in maner and fourme aforefaide, he or they fo makinge 
the fale accordinge to the will of the faide teftator, fliall come 
to the Guilde-hall in Cambridge, at the nexte common da,y, or 
court next followinge, there to be houlden, and there before the 
maior., one alderman, and bailiffs, as the cuftome is, fhall acknow- 
ledge the faide fale fo by him or them, according to the latte 
will of the faide teftator. And then the partie who hath 
boughte, or ih^l\ bie, or purchafe anie of the fame boothe or 
boothes, grounde or groundes, being a free burgeffe, flial be 
admitted to the fame, and have ftate, liverie and feizin delivered 
iinto him or them there in the face of the court, before the 
maior, aldermen, and bailiffs, as it is before expreffed ; and fliall 
paie for the recordinge, regiftringe, and admittinge to the fame, 
for every boothe or gronnde fifteen- pence to be divided in 
•maner and fourme aforefaide ; all which knowledge, furrenders, 
and ftate, delivered, had, and made, in maner and fourme be- 
fore mentioned, dial be decreed, taken, and adjudged to be as 
good, fuffident, and lawful, concerninge the performance and 
accornphftiment of the faid will, and to all other intents and 
purpafes, as thoughe the fale of the faid boothe or boothes, 
grounde or groundes, with the furrenders, ftate, and liverie of 
the fame had bene done and made by the verie owner and teftator 
by bis lyfe tyme, and in his owne perfon, any atSle, ordinance, 
claufe, fentcnce, ufe, or cuftome to the contrarie notvvithftandinge. 
a Item, 


Item, it is further ordeined, accorded, and agreed, by the 
whole affente and confente aforefaide, that yf any biirgeffe of 
the townc, being lawfully polTelled of any boothe or boothes, 
grounde or groundes, within the faid fayer, fliall chance to d\ e 
inteftate, as concerninge- unie declaration or difpofition of his 
faid boothe or boothes, grounde or gronndes, as is before ex- 
preffed, that then, and in that cafe, it is ordeined and eflabliihed, 
accorded and agreed, that the next heire or heires of every fuch 
burgeflc, beinge poffeffioner, which is lawfully begotten, or 
knowne to be nexte heire or heires, fliall have and enjoye everye 
of the faide boothe or boothes, grounde or groundes, in which 
his faide father or aunceftor, fo inteilate, dcceafed, the third parte 
of all the faide boothes in fuch cafe indifferently to be allotted 
and fett out for the wyfeof the faide burgelTe onely excepted; 
which third parte fhal be and remaine to th« widdowe or wife 
ef the faide burgeife fo deceafed, duringe her lyfe, according^ 
to the ordinance of this towne- 

Anno Eliz. 31°. 

MEMORANDUM, That the xxvith daie of Septfeznber, anno- 
Eliz. by a common aifente, the intereil', righte, ettatc, title, and 
pofTefTion, of every poffeffioner of boothe or boothes",at Stur- 
bridge-Fayer, kept by furrender or leafe lioulden of this towne,, 
is confirmed and ratified, good and available to them and everie 
of them, accordinge to theire feverall tenures, in as ample and' 
large maner as heretofore they have had and enjoyed the fame 
by vertue of theiie feverall furrenders and leafes (anie forfeiture 
or caufe of ceafinge, or determination of fuch intereft or intcrefts 
notwithftandinge) except always and rcferved to the maior, bai- 
ISffs, ,and biirgeffcs of the fiude towne of Cambridge, ail fuche 
■ ' ; r4>i,htc„ 

96 HIST OR Y AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S, See- 

righte, tytle, and intereft as they have, or of right ought to have, 
by the cuilomes and ordiiiances of the faide towne, ot, in^ and to 
all thofe boothes and boothe groundes, which late were William 
Mnniey's, one of the aldermen of the faide towne- and except 
alfo the intereft of a leafe graunted to Mr. Henry Clarke, till fuch 
tyme as he hat he founde fureties for the performance of the 
covenants contcined in his leafe which he hath of the towne's 

In Fefto Bartholomew 

Anno Domini 1595. 

MEMORANDUM, That this daye and yeare, by a common 
confente, it is agreed, that the order made February, 

Anno Regni Hen. 061:avi 13°. concerninge enjoyers of boothes 
to dwell within the towne^ and fliewinge in what tyme he 
fliail fell them yf he go out Cif the towne, fliall Hand, remaine, 
and be in full force .and effefle ; and that no maior of the towne 
of Cambridge from hence forthe fliall propounde any grace, or 
do any adle or ades, devife or devifes whatfoever, to the breache 
or violating thereof; and .that the maior of this towne, yearly 
to be chofen, on the dale of his eled:ion, or on the daye that 
he taketh his oathe againft vintinge, fliall make folemn oathe 
,to the obfervatioa hercDf, 

,yr: ,'<'ol 8i^";j uv.ju. 

ir lO Jl3-.i. •'" 


[ 97 3 

,0 jJ " .:. Alo'J 3 ,vl J. 

« JOHN METEFELD^2^0aobpr,,r-3.8^,belng then LL. B. was by bifliop 
Fordham made mafteriOr^uf^os jSj^hetftec'ta^jpel or,ho]^ical of St. Mary Magdalen, 
of Stcrebridge, whicti, however, he foon alTpr quitted •, for on 24 January, 1391, 
the bifliop gave the fame Iiofpital p Pat^ej ; but on the 29th of the 
fame month, J. Metefeld was collated to it again, and refigned it a fecond time ; 
and was a third time collated to it, 8 February, 1395, and religned it again 1402 ; 
on the laft of December in which year the bifhop prefented him to the reftory 
of Tyringion, in the diocefe of -Norwich, .calling liim his couQn Cconfanguineum 
nojlrum) i in 1403, Oftober^ 3., he was once more collated to the maflerlhip of 
Sterebrige hofpital, which be exc&pDged in 1407 for that of the free cliapel of 
St. Radegund in the crypts of St. Paul's cathedral, London; and Aogufl 9, the 
fame year, 1407, the bifliop collated him to .the reflory of Leverington, in the Ille 
of Ely; and 20 Oftober following^ he was finally and the fifth time admitted 
maflier of Sterebridge chapel-/ I have laid all thefe together, that the curious may 
obferve what a deal of chopping and changing of preferment, and ftiifting from 
one place to another, was in ufe at that time. September 25, 1390, he was again 
collated by the bifliop to the rectory of Pulham, in Norfolk ; -and 23 September, 
139 1, was ordained fubdean in the bifliop's chapel at Downham, and in the fame 
chapel, prieft, September 20,. 1399, being of the diocefe of llochefler. In 1407, 
he is called Licentiate in both laws ; and Augufl; 8, 1404, he was chancellor to 
bifliop Fordham. In 1407, the bifliop being fummoned to a convocation, ap- 
pointed him one of his proxies there, on account of his ill flate of health and 
many infirmities, in which year he was prefent at the vailing of Alice Thurgarton 
in the bilhop's oratory at Downham, where fhe received the rnantel and ring from 
the bifliop, who, after high raafs faid by himfelf, adminiftred to her the vow of 
chaftity in this form of words: 

" I Alice Thurgarton, avow perpetual chafl;ity in the prefence of you honourable 
" fadre in God Sir Johan bi Codes grace byfshop of EI3', and behote to lyve 
" ftablilh in this awovv, and i,n, wltnefle thereof, Iwit^h my'ne owpe honde make my 
*' figne benethe." i : , ( . 

In 1408, on July 23, a convocation was heJ^ St. Paul's, to corifider of the 
proper means towards fettling the peace and unity, of the church ; to this meeting 
he was returned among fome other learned men whom the bifliop fent out of his 
diocefe to that purpofe. In 1410 he was archdeacon of Ely, and the next year I 
find him ftyled Utriu/que Juris. Do£lov," (MS. Cole.) ;> 

M m NUl^blNiE 

[ 98 ]. ' 1 

Authore T. H I L L, e Coll. S. Trin. Soc. 

EXPOSITAS late Cam! prope flumina merces 
Divitiafque loci, vicofque, hominumque labores, 
Sparfaque per virides paffim magalia campo? 
Atlantis die niagne nepos, qnem Candida fertur 
Cyllenes gelido pepe'riffe in vertice Maja. 
Tu Deus ingenii, lucri tu diceris idem, 
Tc matutinis precibus Mercator adorat . 

Anxius, innumerafque recenfens ordine gazas, :' '" ef^oio "u^^ '<■"' 

Grande tibi Pario fpondet de marmore fignum. ^ ' ' '■' ' ^*^'"^'' 

Si bonus annueris, multufque advenerit tmptor,' ' ::jK' 

• Si pellis fures, hec quicquan^ furHpiMpfS.. ■-* ^'"' Y^; ' ^*'^ ''' ' "'' 

Ergo ades, & fida due me per fingula dextraL'I^'""*^ ='^^ ^'f^-^' < 
Eft in confpeau Grantee notiffima fama '"^' -i^i^^^^' os hfif 

Urbs, opulenta olim, Papje dum regna manebant, ' ' . 

Et fervile jugum, Domus hie fundata vetufta ■ .:....-■ o^ : 

Rclligione fterit, lanftffi tenuere forores ; ' KOJSor 

Noftra ah ! temporibus quantum mutantur ab illls. 

Nunc folurri tantiE fas eft operofa videre 
Fundamcnta domus, & non fine laude ruinas ; 

Sandtarum at' remanent veftigia nulla fororum. !»i?a:i-/i.. uA'^... ■■'■^■[ 

Incipit ex illo'notos SruRBRic'rA campos "' •"xiB'Jrio.i qorlhcl 

Oftentare procul, (vocis qutenam hujus origo- ^"o f"'" tJ3int0f 

Quam patriam agnofcat, Britonafne. an Saxonas inter i" tSirtiffJiSnr xaku. 

Mat'a fit, an Darios potius yelit ilia Parentes, ■ -rin .^ „.',, o . , - 

Qua;rere dirfulimus, nee fas eft omnia fcire,) 

C^uam fimul afpicias, totam hue migialTe putares 

Sedibus avulfam, quam lambit Thamefis urbem. 

At prius optati quam fifteris a-quore campi 
- Pauca docerid'us" eris, pau^is, adverte, doeebo-.- '-f" j/.j.. s i-iuJ ni 

Quifquis es, O igitur moneo, dum Sirius ardet '- i- i 

Pnlverearqu'e-ciet-tcmpeftas plurima nubes, '" 

Si tantum paueos iterumque iterumq^ue rogandOj 

Extorquere afles potes a Cuftode fevero, - 

"-- Ire pedes noli, longum eft iter, & tibi Rhedam, vqiuq 3crh ■ 

Qu^a veftere, bonam folidi pars qijarta parabit. 

Non tamen hae ratione velim te fcandere currum, 

Qui.Orydon noftram nuper qui milTus in urbem 

I'iJcrat baud ur-quam Rhedam, nifi qua pater olim 



Et fcenum, cererenique domum portare folebat. 
Artificis miratur opus, fabrlcafque rotafque 
Axemque & quid non ? fedet ergo, infuetaque vultu 
Gaudia tcftatur, liec'jam tibi, Phosbe, caballos 
Invidet ille tuos, licet ipfum fepc Magifter 
Nafonis quondam legeret cum dulcc poem;i. 
Multa Phlegonte fupe'r, fuper & Pyroente doceren 
Interea eft opera; pretium, nee parva voluptas ,." ;. 

Audire aurigas convicia mutua dantcs ; ; .\.. . . 
•' Hue Domine, unus ait, bijugi luihi narrjque'parati 
Expeftant virga monitum, folertior. alter ' 
Clamantis prsevertit equos, & fede relidta 
Defluit in terram pernix, & talibus in|ir, 
Oftia dum pandit mo.llitque fedilia dettra. 
" Ne qusefo, ne crede ifti, mendacior alter 
Non eft, nam quamvis fe dixerit efte paratum, 
Ingrediare modo, fallet, cogetque fcdere 
Invitum, nedtetque moras plurefque manebit, 

Te contentus ego : quid non tacundia poffit 

Ille quidem fuafit, penitufque intraverat unus ^ 

Pes currum, primoque in limine pendulus htefi; 

Non tulit hoc alter, plenus led defilit ira 

Torva tuens, ceu fepe canis, fiquando voracern 

Dentibus infrendens albis, meditetur in hoftem n-qo'iM 

Horrida bella, velitque abreptam ulcifcier efcam. '■' - 

Pone venit tacitus, colaphumque impingit, at ille 

(Senfit enim) pariter refpondet, & idtibus iftus 

Ingeminat, quanto proh ! Divl utrinque fragore 

Infonuere, genje, gemitumque dedere crepantes. 

Extemplo coeunt vulgus, ftudiifquc repente 

Scinduntur variis, partes, prout cuique libido ell 

Accipiuntque fuas, & dant folantia did:a, 

Dum favet Aurigce huic alter, favet alter 8r illi. 

*' ToUe caput, Iblidoque magis confide cerebro,'* 

Dixerat hie ; aft Adverfarius, " Ilia fubter 

Pugnos ingere nunc, animamque huic excute folam« 

Talibus inter fe monitis hortantur amicura ^ ' 

Quifque fuum, donee tandem civilis Enyo 

Bacchari cjepit jamlongius; undique ferpit 

Dira lues, pugnam ornat qiaifque ; legitque yirurri vh* 

Tum vero avulfos, aurce ludibria, crines rr ' '■ 

Cernere erat, largofque .cruoris' currere rivos. 

Hie ego, nam nee me fan-^a labor Ifthmius iinquani 

Clarabit pugilem, nee funt ea praemia cordi, ■■,?V^->o- ■ 0^ 

Dum nefciret adhuc, cui det Victoria palmai]i,^,„fi j^^ji /' >, sii 



Et dubils nunc hue, nunc ilhic tenderer alis ; 

Fugnantes de me linquo, currumque propinquum 

Scando citus, campofque peto, celebrefque Tabernas. 

Quo fimul ac ventum eft, nummo de more foluto 

Dimitto Automedonta meum, vicofque per omnes 

Erro vagus, quocunqUe pedes animufque ferebant. 

Et modo per denfos faccorum ducor acervoS 

Difficilis modo fit per olentes femita pifces. 

Nunc obftant carpenta vice, nunc tardat euntem 

Turba frequens hominum, laffas modo verberat aures 

Raucus clamor anus, vendentis poma nucefque ; 

*' Elige quas mavis, funt optima poma nucefque.'^"^^^^.^.^. 

Parte alia buccas inflatus turpiter ambas / 

Stat Tubicen, populumque vocat mirac'laque partdit, 

*' Hie Elephas, hie ille, inquit, Getulia qual'em 

Non vidir, cujus confcendere nobile dorfum 

Si foret in vivis, optaverit Hannibal ipfe." 

Denos ille homines, ingentia pohdera, tergo; _ i;,^ ;;j;^^:,,^ ^'^ 

Aure utraque duos, totidteque proborcide-geltat. :;^.^-, m-jlnup •'! 

Regins nomen fitantum ^diverit ANN.^ '. .^ ,'::;:^ .^^ ^^^^ 

Gaudet, & egregium placido ore fatetur amorem, , /^^_.j ^.._,.. ^ j^^ 

At Turca, 8c Lodoix Turca crudelior iras " /" ' "' < 

Accendunt illi, furiataque pedtora verfant. 

Progreffum ulterius, me parvula charta, legendani , , 

Feftivus, quam prober hqmuncio, fiftitj^at; ill^ ^.;^^^ '^ 

Spirantis mirandaVefert fpe^£taculace^^.'_ -■, ■. . ^nCr/if 

Iliic defundi circum regale WlLHEtJ^,-- ;'". \-.'. 

Stant comites buftum, dominumque quetuiltur adempta'm - 

At Tu, fpedator, focias ne refpue guttas 

Mifcere, extremum.meriti vcdigal honoris. 

Parte alia ingreditur, plaufuque excepta fecundo 

Imperium Anna capit, fojiumque afcendit avitum. 

Stat fimul Eugenius, laurum cui bella recenteraj^.yv^ " ^.^^^^^ '^jj^ 

^ternafque parat felix viftotia laudes ; ...i.. ,.i.> 

At Tuer Hifpanus non horrida fuftinetora, 

Et qua^rit latebras, & currere velle videtur. 

Quo tamen uique inter pomsria Ibla yagamur > 

Adum nempe nihil, mediam nifi protinus urbem 

Vifimus, inque ipfa veftigia figo Subuira. 

Hie autem quodcUnque ingenti cernitur orbe 

Pulchra tibi pra?ftant compendia, five Tabernas 

Diverfas, hominum feu contcmplabere mores. ^ ,y^^ 

Qualis ubi pulfis procul seftas aurea nimbis ' ■■ 

Ridet, et ad notos, redokntia pabula, florcs 

Hyblaas invitat apes,' pars roicida citcum 

O F S T U R B R I D G E F A I R. ,ot 

Prata volant, referuntque thymo turgentia crura. 

Condere pars latebras, pulchrifque liquentia mella 

Certatim flipare favis, opus acriter urget 

Qusque datum, refonant cellsque & cerea tedta. 

Haud fecus excrcent kfe per compita vulgus 

Mercuriale, inftant omnes, quo quemque parandi 

Duke vocat ftudium, diverfaque cura negoti. 

Turn merces culpare emptor, laudare paratus 

Venditor, infidiafque alternaque retia tendunt. 

Cum lucro quodcunquc poteft mercaricr alter, 

Alter vendere avet, cautufque & providus audit,. 

Si male prudentem quis fallere pofltt amicum. 

" Novi ego, dicebat quidam, (fimul explicat omnes 

Quotquot habet, verfatque manu, quamque ordine, merces) 

Quam foleant omnes proprias res tollere, contra 

Deprimere alterius, fed fie mihi profpera cund:a 

Cedant, ut non his meliores mercibus ufquam 

Invenies, cundtas quamvis fcrutere tabernas. 

Nee fum ex illorum numero, qui plus femel hie fe- 

Haud conferre audent; mercatorque unius anni : 

Nam quoties hoc tempus adeft, haud fegnius & nos 

Adfunius, ut jam non redeat conftantior annus. 

Omnes ne norunt, decimus September habetur 

Ex quo me vidit vicinia tota morantem, 

Hac ipfa ftatione, loqui fed plura volenti 

Nil equidcm hire adeo contra quod dicere pofTimi 

Emptor refpondet, " pretium fed difplicet." — " Eja' 

Siqua fides, ago tam tecum quo, fi pater efles. 

Tecum agerem padlo, fraterve" (nee ille profefto 

Mentitur, fratrem fraudare patremque paratus.) 

" Hxc aliis narra, fed nos non credimus ; an to 

Nil unquam me emiflfe putas ? Quid denique prodeft^ 

Quid fit mercatura quotannis, vendere merces 

Si pluris non Granta folet ? Proinde accipe, fi vis 

Quod dixi pretium. Poflem modo, at h^ecce minoris 

Auleret a me nemo, fores ego claudere certe 

Pra;tulerim, vacuaque domum migrare crumena, 

Ut iibet, & valeas. — & Tu ; vix protulit unum 

Ille pcdem, vocat hie abeuntem, & talia fatur : 

" Dure nimis, cur ah ! prohibes me viveres ? verum 

Qiiando ita vis, numera nummos, & quod petis aufer ; 

Spero loci pofthac quod non eris immemor hujus, 

Quandocunque opus ell, veniefque benignior olim. 

Scit coelum, fcis ipfe, lic;t non fcire fateris, 

Quam mihi nil ex hoc poflit contingere lucri." 

His reliqua inter fele agitant commercia turba • 




Fuuclibus, e cundtis cognofcere fufficit unum. 

Jam vcro defledle oculos, paulumque togata 

Turba vide quid agat, namque hie veiiaiitur, 8c ipfi 

Quorum pulvereo vcrruntur fyrmate vici. 

JEris cgens fiquis (qualem perfepe fuifTe 

Mc non diffiteor^ neque enim me inopem, miferumque 

Si fortuna tulit, vanum tulit atque fuperbum) 

Hue illuc errare, oculofque per omnia circum in inuV 

Ferre avidos amat, atque animum oblcdtare tucndo. .. .:. •■ 

(Ah miferas plantas, Doitiinus quels contigit Ipfe) 

Nil agit infelix, iiec^ fiquid fperat, habebit. 

Taiuum inter denfas, fpcttacula fplendida, gazas 

Ambulat indefeffus, ibi fufpirat & eheu ! 

Cur tantum arridetis ? ait, vel cur ego pauper, 

Cwm tantum arridetis ? inanibus indulgere 

Nil refert votis, nee adeft elamata,pecunia. 

Obftant fata, malique ira implaeabalis aftri. 

Sunt quibus unum opus eft ubi fervet plurima turba 

Crifpatos ferro crines, myrrhaque madentes 

Oftentare, fatis nempe hi fecilFe videntur 

Si placeant vulgo, nymphxque morentur oeellos. 

Eft quoque quem pra^ceps juvat alea, cernere talos 

Currentes gaudet, fonltumque audire fritilll. 

Heu fuge damnofos jadtus, fuge cautus avara 

Tedla procul, nam ni flavi tibi virga metalli 

Pullulet, aurataque fluat Padtolus in area, 

Heu truftra amiflbs flebis cum tempore nummos. 

Ille igitur folus vellem hue defeendat, abunde 

iEris cui, cerebrique parum eft, cui crafTa Minerva 

Blanditur, fortemque jubet fperare faventem. 

Huie etenim infanti quondam chariflima mater 

Pingue caput mulcens, " Madte, O mi Parvule, dixit. 

Matte puer, nam fi quod anus, fi quod facra veri 

Vox habeat, multos non illaudata per annos, 

Fortunatus eris. - 

E regione domus trabibus contexta falignis 

Cernitur, ignaves fcdes, laflifque viarum 

Opportuna fatis, fpatiofas poffidet sedes 

Graius homo, ut perhibent, quocum certare, nee audet 

Pindarus hie nofter, fordetque Batefius Ipfe. 

(Dorothea una novo rivali cedere nefeit : 

Dorothea, ingenio pollens, & mille placendl 

Artibus, & cuncti gnara & ftudiofa palati.) 

Non illo quifquam Tcje prsftantius ufum 

Nov it, jucundamve valet mifcere Cocoam. 

Hanc angufta obftat fi res majoribus aufis 


O F S T U R B R I D G E F A I R. 103 

Ne dubites intrare ca.fam, tibi fcilicet auro 
Non opus eft ullo, nee copia qua;ritur illic, 
Sed bene fecurum reddent te quatwor afles. 
Hos modo fer tecum, te non felicior alter 
Tedta fubit, nuUi plures folvuntur honores. 
Omnibus unus honos, & ledes omnibus una, 
Pallentes Orcus non accipit jequior Umbras. 
Hie quodcunque novum Auloniis moliiur in oris 
EuGENius, legitur, mileros feu fallere Gallos. 
Fraude velit, bello feu credere malit aperto. 
(Seu virtus fit, five dolus, piirandus utroque) 
Vi<ftrices ! en cerno aquilas, atque omnia Isetus 
Accipio, baud ill^ fruftra per nubila pennas 
Exercent, folum affbetse portare Tonantem. 
Sed ncque quid noftrae valeant, ad ire Phalanges. 
Te pigeat, funt & nobis pugnare parata 
Peftora, difficilemque baud averfantia Martem. 
Quid non Churchilii dextra fperare licebit, 
Aufpiciifque Annje; Gallorum Flandria ftrage 
Crcffiacique iterum fpumabunt fanguine campi. 
Ite alacres igitur, qucecuque in proelia fortes 
Ite animje, fupen pro.vobis arma capeiTunt 
Omncs, inque ipfum fua ftant perjuria Galium.. 
Forte quid Or.mondus taciat, qua claffis arena. 
(Ilia catenati claffis regina profundi) 
Vela legat finuofa, & opimas terreat oras 
Pagina narrabit verax ; fed ne tamen illi 
Tu plus interea felicern parce vovere 
In patriam reditum, & partam fine fanguine laurum. 
Compcdibus duris inimicas vinciat auras 
wffiolus, & tuta; pateant remeantibus undce-. 

fi quod vellem poffem quoque, me neque vates,, 
Andinus caneret melius, nee cederet Heros 
Heroi iliaco, bello & piet^te Britannus. 

Juftior has quanquam partes, famamque Patroni 
Arriperet RiiEDTciNA, Deus cui dulcia dudura 
Pocula, Caftaliofque indulfit amicior hauftus : 
Atque ego, fi faciles refiffent fofte Camcenffi 
Nobilius molirer opus, tu Gs anta beata 
Audires, tu Granta, duo cui lumina prtebet 
Sf.ymcriana Domus, neque cnim mihi dicere fas eft 
Patre magis, JS atone tumes, dum fortiter Arces. 
Alter Palladias tibi proiegit, ornat & alter. 

1 decus, I noftrum, fie cum longieva Seneftus. 
Gommunem abripuit, nobilque tibique Parenteni.. 




Reflet adhuc, cui mox Academia deferat ultro 

Maturos Fafces, nee fek fentiat orbam. - i- - • ; 

■Qiio vehor ? Icariis aufus me credere pennts '^''^^^ *^3^ 

Ah deinens ! onerique impar lub mole fatifco; 

Ujterius vetucre Dex. Sed Cynthius aurem 

Vellit & inccptuni repetam, jubet Argumentum, 

Haud procul hinc tur.ris nubes qUcE vertipe celfa 

Pulfat, ubi dulcefque Lyrse, fidiumque fonora 

Arreftas Plebis concordia detinet Aures. 

Claufas denfa fores circumftat Turba, ftupetqiie 

Miraturque fonos, & tinnula comprobat sera. 

riic aliquis vifus fociis feflivior (llli 

Andrea cognomen, quis barbarus, Ille rudifque 

Ufque adeo vivit cui non eft Andrea notus ? 

Ut multos intra invitet, faciatque lucellum 

Ante fores fublimis adeft, hunc Plleus ornat 

Verficolor, Picftis 8s floribus aemula veftis. 

Tam pulchram non Iri Geris, licet induat Ipfe 

Veftimenta tibi Deus, & fit fartor Apollo. 

Hie ftultum fimulat, gaudetque Jocofus haberi, 

Sed non et fimulalfe putes, vult namque videri 

StLiltus, & eft ; querno quem nitens fufte Colonus ''- 

Sufpicit, inque hilares folvit dura ora chachinnos. 

Ah ! ne te intrandi capiat tam dira Cupido, 

Nee tantum mirare Melos, Rhodopeiia quamvis 

Pled:ra redilTe putes, fabricataque ftamina, Thebas. 

Eft homo qui incedit nigra comitante Catcrva 

Cui Baculum Infigne Officii, quo pellere turbaiu 

Obftantem, valeatque fores effringere claufas. 

Non tam Myrmidonum turba ftipatus Achilles 

Trojanos terrere Duces, pavidofque folebat 

Scftari Phrygas, immenfumque fugare per aquor. 

Hunc Juvenes vitate viruni, comitefque nefandos, 

Pifficipue fi quem decorabit Purpura nota, 

Purpura nota nimis, fruftra efFugifle feveri 

Cenforis fid:o moliris nomine multtam. 

Index Veftis erit, manifeftabitque latentem. 

Turn tibi tempus erit, magno cum optaveris emptum 

Intaftum limen, cum Tympana Rauca melofque 

Oderis, & monitus fero experiere fidcles. 

Hoe ego conlilium difcedens linquo manenti, 

Nam me pertjefum turbse, magniqiie laboris 

Et Phoebi duftum cxemplo, qui feffus & jeger 

Rhcda prascipitcm fugiente relinquit Olympum. 

Ad Grantam revehit Currus, propriofque Penates; 

Hie Auriga fuos, hie fiftit Mufa Caballos. 



. T O 


N" I. 

*' A DVOCAT' domus hofpital' Leprofor' de Sturbrlge folebat et dejure 
j[^ pertincre debet burgenf' Cant' qui tenent' villam pdcam cum fuis per- 
tinent' ad feod' firtna de 3no rege alienat' tunc per vacationem ejufd' hofpitalis 
de diftis burgenf injufte per dnum Hugonem de Northvvold quondam epum 
Elienf* et per ejus fucceffbres, qui ad eor' voluntatem dederunt dco hofpitali ca- 
pellanis ibm, coramoraut' in hereditione dni regis ; et predial' burgenfes ville Cant* 
patiuntur grave damnum qui tenent di<fl:am villam de f?odo firma de dno rege; 
et haftenus nulli monftratum non fuit dno Hen' rege ffe dni regis qui nunc eft 
et ejus coi.-'^lio et eiiam tam coram jultit' itinerantibus quam coram efcaetor' et 
inquif dni regis apud Cantab' venientibus, et de hac per d'num regem nihil eft 
eraendatum. Ifta prelentatio alienat' eft infra 30 annos tempore Elenrici regis ffis 
Edwardi qui nunc eft. 

Item cuftos hofpitalis pJci tenet xxiiii"' acras et dim' terrs in camp' Cant' ex 
conceffu pUirimorura, et dicunt quoJ pdcs cuftos noa fuftiaet iBm aliquos Icprofos 
ficut de jure deberet. 

Item jur' dicunt ad di£lum hofpitium pertinere quandam feriam ad feftnra exal- 
tationis St£e Crucis, qus durat in Vigilia Stce Crucis ceu die Stas Crucis fequente 
infra claufum, cum pertinet ad diflum hofpitale, quam quidem feriam dnus Johes 
rex predecelTor ttiii regis qui nunc eft leprofis in dicto hofpitali commorantib' ad 
eor* fuftentaiionem dedit et conceffit." 

Kot' Hundred' 9 E. I. from a copy of Layer's MS. Hiftory of CambridgcH le 
in the poilcffion of Mr. Gcugh. 

* A N® ir. 


N' II. 

Commiffio ad inqviirencV et certificand' de terris et tenementis 
et libertatibus ad Capellam de Steresbrigge pertinentibus. 

From Hare's CoUeftions, III. f. 58. b. 

REX dileftis fibi Niclio de Styvecle, vicecotniti Cantebr' Joiini de Dliton et 
Steptio Morice juniori, falutem. Sciatis qd cum nuper p tras nras pat' de- 
derimus et concefferimus dilefto ctico nro Johi de Piouceby capellam de Steref- 
brigge tunc vacantem et ad nram donationem fpe£i:ant' ratione temporalium epatus 
Elienf tunc in manu iira certis de caufis exiftentium, habend' cum fuis juribus et 
pertinen' quibufcanque ; acjam inteileximus qd diverf terrae, tenementa, reddi- 
tus, libertates, et alia jura qu^ ad capellam pradift' ab antiquo pertinebant ab 
ead' capella temporjb' quib' temporalia epatus prad' tarn in manu nra quam in 
raanibus progenitor' nrorum quondam regum Anglis extiterunt, fubtradta tuerunt 
in nfje et capellas prffid' (cujus collatio ad nos et hered' nros temporib' vacationis 
epatus prjed' dinofcitur pertinere) grave prEejudicium et damnum ac culcus divini 
qui in ead' capella pro aiabus progenitorum nrorum fieri daberet diminutionem 
manifeftam, nos volentes fuper prsmifTa plenius certiorari, affignavimus vos et 
duos vrum ad inquirend' p facramentum proborum et legalium hominum de com' 
Cantebr' p quos rei Veritas melius fciri poterit qua et cujufmodi tcrr^, tenementa, 
redditus, libertates, et alia jura quse ad capellam przedift' ab antiquo pertinebant 
temporib' quibus temporalia epatus pracd' in manibus diflor' progenitor' nrorum 
feu nra aut aliorum cxiiterunt fubtrafta fuerunt, et p quos vel p quem et a quo 
tempore et ubi et qualiter et quomodo. Et ideo vobis mandamus qa ad certos 
dies ad loca quos vos feu duo vrum ad hoc provideritis diligentem fup prEemiffis 
omnibus et fingulis et aliis articulis et circumftantiis ea tangentibus faciatis inqui- 
fitionem et earn diftinfte et aperte fa^tam nobis fub (iglllis vris vel duorum vrum 
et figillis eorum p quos fafla fuerit five dilatione mittatis, et hoc breve. Et tu 
praifate vicecomes ad diem et locum prcedos venire fac' coram vobis vel duob' 
Vrum tot et tales probos et legales homines de baltia tua per quos rei Veritas in 
pr^emiffis melius fciri poterit et inquiri. In cujus rei teftim' has tras riras fieri feci- 
mus patentes. Telle meipfo apud VVeftm' 3*''° die Junii anno regni nrl 37°. 

Ex Rot. Pat. de anno 37° Edw. III. p. i, m. 12. in dorf in Turri Lond'. 

No III. 


N<^ III. 

TH01VIAS &c. dilcflo nobis In Xto Jolii Cokenacke clico Gov' et Liclv 
dioc' ialutem. Hofpitale Ste Marie Magdalene de Sterefbrig lire dioc' per 
mortem Diii Wilti de Mulflio ultimi cuftodis ejufdcm vacans et ad liram colla- 
tioncm pleno jure fpedlans libi contulimus intuitu caritatis. Dat' Dec. 6" 1376. 

Ex regiro Arundel epi El', t. 2 c. 

Anno Dili 1390 Julii die iS^^Dns concefflt omb' auxiliantib' ad fuftentacoeni 
feu gubernacoem capelle t^te IMarie Magdalene de Sterelbrigge dioc' Eiienf qua- 
draginta dies indulgentle. 

Ex regro Fordham epi El', f. 1 1 . 6. 

Anno Dili 1391, 24 die Jan. Diis contulit DIio Thome de Patefle hofpitale 
alias liberam capellam Ste Marie Magdalene de Sterefbrugge per refignacoeni 
Thome Flatte ctici ex caufa psrmutacois cum ecclia paroch' de Walde Newton 
Line' dioc' vacante'et'ad collacoem diii epi Eliens fpeftantem. 

' Commiffio direfl' magro Jotii Potton commifTar' Diii Willmo de Oakeham de- 
can' Cantebr' et W. Cokeneffe et non a'rchid' ad eum ipiducend'. 

Reg' Fordham, £.30. a. 

A. D. 1391, 29 Jan. Dns contulit magro Metefeld bacal' in Iegibus'li6rpitale 
alias liberam capellam de Sterefbrugge fue collacois vacantem p refignac' Tho. Fu- 
tefte fupradict'. 

Commiffio direcla fuit magro Jotii Albon et Nictio Depyns in legiBs bacal* ad 
eum inducend'. lb. 

A. D. 1395 8° die Febr. Diis contulit magro Johi Metefeld clico cuftodiam 
five magifterium libere capelle five hofpitalis B. Marie Magd' de Sterefbrugge g 
liberam refignacoem Diii Joliis Wynkeperie vacantem. 

lb. f. ^^. 2. 

A. D. 1402, 28 die 0£t. Diis contulit Dno Rot)to Flatte presbrum liberam ca- 
pellam B. Marie Magd' de Sterefbrugge p iib' refign' magri Johis Metefeld ult' 
cuflodis ejufd' capelle five hofpitalis vacantem feu vacans et ad coliacoern diii fpec- 

Reg' Fordha, f. 77. b. 
* A 2 AD. 


A. D. 1403, 3 die Od. Dns contulii magro Johi Metefeld utriufq juris licen- 
ciato liberam capellam five hofpitale B. Marie Magd' de Sterefbrugge p reCgn' Dni 
RoBti Flatte ult' ciiftodis ejufd' vacantem feu vacans. 

lb. f. 83. b. 

J. Metefeld confanguineus epi El' fuit. 

A. D. 1408, 28 die 0(flobris. Dns contulit magrum JoKis Metefeld utrufq jure 
licenciato capell' five hofpit' B. Marie Magd' de Sterefbrugge p lib' refign' magri 
Willmi Waltham ulc' cuftodis five magri ejufd' cap' five hofp' vacantem. 

lb. f. 103. b. 

N" IV. 

THOMAS permiflionc divina eps Elicnf dile£lis filiis perpetuo vicario eccle 
paroch' S. Trinitatis Cantbr* nofl' dioc' ac omnib' et fingulis ipfius ecctie 
parochianis falutem, gratiam, et ben'. Quia ficut accepimus feftum dedicationis 
eccte vre predidte tempore nundinar' de Sterefbrigg' prope viliam Cantebr' fupra- 
dict* annis fingulis contingebat, vofq eccte predidte parochiani circa negotiationes 
vras et alia mundana opera nundinar' hujufmodi occafione adeo fuifliis multipli- 
citer occupaci qd diiSho dedicationis felto ad ecctm vra predid.' debite accedere, aut 
divinis inibi oblequiis interefl~e devote minlme potuiftis prout in hac parte plcnius 
fumus informati, nos igitur ex caufis fupradiftis et aliis legitimis nos in hac parte 
moventibus feftum dedicationis hujufmodi ufq ad novum diem menfis Odobris ad 
laudem Dei ampliand' et vram devotionem divinis obfequiis ferventius excitandam 
duxiaius falubriter transferend'. Quocirca univerfitati \rx precipiendo mandamus 
quatenus ordinacoem nram in hac parte debite acceptantes feftum dedicacionis 
ccclie vre fupradifte dido nono die menfis fupradidi fub annis fingulis in futur' 
folempniter ceiebratis, et ad didam ecctm vram Ipfo die devote accedentes votivis 
orationibus a Deo fatagatis vror' delidorum promereri. Dat' apud Dytton 16° 
die Julii anno Dni MCCCLXXVI, et nrc confec' tertio. 

Ex regno Arundel epi Elienf, f. 18. 

N" V. 


N° V. 

Charta pro feria Sturbrigenfi tenenda. 

RE X * archiepis, epis, ducibus, comitibus, &c. falutem. Cum p quand* infor- 
macoem p Jotinem Baker generalem attorn' nrum qui pro nobis tunc fequc- 
batur in cuiia nra coram juftic' Hris ad plita coram nobis tenend' affign' die Mer- 
curii prox' poft craftinum Purificationis Bta; Maris anno nro regni xxx"'' p manus 
fuas ^prias verfus majorem, battios, et burgenfes villas Cancabr' in com' Cantabr* 
exhibitam expofit' et dat' fuit eidem curire intelligi et informari quod did:i major, 
baltii, et burgenfes predidje villae Cantabr' in com' Cantabr' p quatuor annos tunc 
e'lapfos et amplius ufi fuerunt et ad tunc utebantur habere nundinas five feriam 
apud Bernewell et Sturbridge in com' pdco in craflino Sti Banholomei Apli et ab 
eodem craflno continue ulq' quartum decimum diem prox' pofl feftum exaltatlonis 
Sta? Crucis fequen' finguHs annis tenend' cum omib' libertatib' et liberis confuetu- 
dinib' ad hujuhn' feriam feu nundinas fpedtant' et ptinent', necnon liabere et te» 
nere ibm p totum tempus predi6t' p fenefcallum et alios miniftros fuos cur' ped' 
pulvenfat' et colore ejufdem attachar' nonnullos lubditos nros ad nundinas feu fe- 
riam circumfluentes, ac eos tam p corpora quam p bona et cattella fua multociens 
inquietare et aggravare, ac diverfas fines et amerciamenta de ligiis fubditis Tiris 
capere et ad folum commodum diftor' major' balliviorum et burgenluim detinere et 
convertere, ac etiam habere omnimod' alias forisfafturas et regalicates quafcunq in- 
fra prcecin(flum nundinarura et feria pred' apud Barnevvell et Sturbrig predict' 
annuatim tempore ferije feu nundinarum earund' contingent' de quib' omibs et 
fingulis libertatib' et franchef, fupradift' prjed' major' baltii, et burgenfes p fpa- 
tiura didorum quatuor annor' fup nos apud Bernewell et Sturbrige in diflo com' 
Cantabr' ufurpaverunt in iiri et nrse regi^ prerogatives grave dampnum et pre- 
judicium ac in magnum contemptum nrum, unde prediiTt' Johes Baker petiit ad- 
vifamentum curise predidt' in premiflis, ficq pred' major, baltii, et burgenfes pra:- 
muniabantur ad refpondend' nobis quo warranto clamabant habere libertatesj 
franchefias, ac privilegia fupradifta p quod preceptum fuit vicecom Cant' p breve 
nrum qd non omitteret propter aliquam libertatem in ballivia fua quin venire fac' 
coram' nobis ad certum diem in did\o brevi iiro content' ubic'o.nq tunc effemus in 

* Henry Vin. John Baker was attorney general from s8 to 31 pf his reign. .See Dugdalc 
Chronica feries, p. 85. 

4 An^lia. 


Anglla majorcm, battios, et burg' villje Cant' in difto com' Cant' ad refpondend' 
nobis quo wairanro clamabant habere diverfas libertates et fraunchefias in com' 
prced'. Unde impetiti fuerunt, et poflmodum, fcilt' die Lunse prox' poft crafli- 
num afcenfionis Dili aijno regni nri xxxi'"° coram nobis apud Weftm' vener' pre- 
dict' major, battii, et burgenf g attornat' fuum, et habito audita premiffor' petie- 
runt inde diem interloquendi ufq in Oftavis Ste Trinitatis tunc prox' futur' et 
cis concedebatur, aiiilq diverfis diebus prefat' major, ball' et burgenf in hunc 
modum concef tandem dies '^at' fiiif eifd' majori, balti ei burgenf ufq diem 
Mercurii in Craftino Sti Jdllnis Baptje anno regni nri tricefimo coram nobis apud 
Wellin'. Et fi idem major, ballii et burgenf fedente curia tunc et ibm nihil 
in extincoem informationis pred' dixiffent qd tunc omnes et finguli libertates et 
franchefuie pred' in manus. nras feilirentur, et remanerent. ■ Jid quos diem et locum 
coram nobis veneruni predi'fli major, ballii, et burgenf- exaft' p attornat' fuum et 
nihil pro jure et titul'o fuis ad habend', clamand' feu utend' eis et fuccelTpri^)' Tiris. 
libertates, jurifdifiiones, et privilegia pred' placitaverunt, nee aliqi.iid in extiiicpein 
informationis pred' dixerunt : fug quo vifis et p cur' pred' intelleflis omhl6ps et (in- 
gulis premiiiis maturaq deliberacoe- lup indc prius hablta concefTum ftiit quod 
omnes et fingula: libertates, fraunchefia?, et privilegia in informaeoe pred' fpeci- 
ficat' in manus iiras feifireutur et remanerent., E^t'qd pred' major, baltji, et bur- 
genfes capercnrur ad fatisfaciencf nobis, deredemptione f^a'^^^^ utii'kt.iiturpatione 
fuis fup nos de libertatibus, fraun'chefiis, j'urifdi6lionib'>e't privileg^is prediclis prout, 
p recordum inde in cur' nra prsdicta refiden' plenius'lpo'terit ap^^;-ere, et licet 
predift' major, batlii, et burg' habeant diverfas cartas, et.tras pat^ntes progeni- 
t'orum nofirorum quondam regum Angliae et confirinacoes earunjJ pi-ed' feriam ac 
nonnulja privilegia, auftoritates, jurifdidiones, et libertates eis^et.predecefforil^' fuis 
fa6t' et concell' p verba generalia et noh plane fpecificat'pi-obanteVet.iteftificuntes, 
uc accepimus, ipli tamen nobifcum in plito prosd' contendere nokhtes ac libertates 
fuas predidas contra nos defehdere rccufantes p certos .difcretos bu'rgenfes, ejufd' 
villae in ea parts fufHcienter aud^orifatos ad pfonam iiram regiam accedentes. 
feipfos ac omnia jura, jurif-liftlones, privilegia, et libertates qu« in feria five 
nundiriis ac libertatib' pvedidis in informacoe predi£l' fpecificat' unquam habue-r , 
iimt lirzE regiJE voluntati et bene placito fubmifcrunt humillime. 

Supplicantes quatenus nos gratiam nram eis de contemptu et ufurpatione fuis 
pred' ac de rcdemptione fua in hac parte impertire ac eand' feriam five nuudinas ^ 
ac libertates, franchefia, et privilegia prced' non folum eis reftituere, fed eand' feriam ; 
five nundinas fub exprefTo nomine Sturbridge Payer fub modo et forma inferius '" 
defcript' pro furfia mille marcarum noTe finis in hac parte folvend' did' majori, 
baltiis, et burg' et eorum fucceflorib' confirmare et p chartam nratp.eis inde. con- j 
ficicnd' de novo concederc dignaremur; unde nos attendentes et plene' intelligeutes , 
maximum relevamen et fubfidium p qd didns burgus five villa in annuis fumptib*^ 
et onerib'* fup fupportatur et nianutcnetur confiftere et eife ratione feriae five nun- 
dinarum pra^d' aiq quafi integram feodam firmam nram vi.llje prtedid' nobis annua- 
tim debet in eifd' nundinis five feria; annuatim colligi et levari maxima queq 
alia beneficia et conioda tam ad omnium fubditorum iirorum in dido burgo de- 


O. F S T U R B R I D G E F A I H, 7 

gentium et inhabitant' quam alioium illuc confluentium fuflentacoem ct relevamen 
occaCone ferine five nundiriarum illarura contigere et accederc, pietate moti ate] fiip- 
plicationib' pra:fatorum major' bafliorum, et burgenf favorabiliter inclinati, nec- 
ron diftam villam five buigum iirum Cantabr' raanutenere et fupportare volentes, 
feriam pred' five nundinas ac omnes et hngulas libeitatcs, franchei"' et privileg' ia 
inforniacoe predift' fpecificat' prediftis majori, baltis, et burg' rclliiulraus p pre- 
fentes, judicio predi£lo fi.ip informacioe ilia habico npn obilante utriufq eaiid' fe- 
riain five nundinas vocat' Sturbrige Fayre cum orfib' libertatib* et liberis confue- 
tudinib' ac comoditatib', proficuis, et auttoritatibus quibuicunq' quibus ipfi in.ijor, 
baltii, burg' et predeceflbres fui ante hzec tempora ibm utebantur et gaudebant ac 
uti et gaudere folebant eild' majori, balliis, et burgenf non folum ratificand' et 
confirmand' prout p prefentes ratificamus et confirmaiuus, fed etiam de novo duxi- 
mus concedend', et eifd' majori, battiis, et burg' de contemptu, ufu, ct ufurpacoe 
pred' pardonand'. Sciatis igitur qd nos de gta nra fpeciali et ex certa fcientia et 
mere motu iiris pardonavimns, rtmifimus, et relaxavimus prscfatis majori, baitiis, 
et, burg' villffi five burgi iiri Cant' alit' dicl' majori, baitiis, ct burg' yiluie Cant' in 
com' Cant' feu quocunq alio noie five quibufcunq aliis nominib' iidem major, baffii, 
et burg' cenfeantur, omnes et fingulos contemptus, ufus, ufurpationes, tranfgref- 
fiones, intrufiones, abufus, et malefaft' contra nos, dignitatem iiram rejiiam et nrara 
.coronam in utend' tenend' exercend' appundluand' et cufi;odiend' feriam five nun- 
.dinas prsed' ac omnia et fingula afbones, feft' querel' informacoes, et demand' quae 
EOS verlus cofdem majorem, ballios, et burg' ratione prsmiiTor' vel eornm alicuj' 
habemus, habuimus, leu habere poterimus quovifmod' necnon omnia et fingula ju- 
dicia, condempnacoes, et executiones verfus diftos majorem, battios, et burgenf lug 
pra^miffis vel aliquo prjemidorum ante hsc tempora reddit' adjudicat' ac etiam 
omnia et fingula fines, amerciairenta, penalitat' forisfaft' impriibnamenta, fatis- 
•facoes, ac redemptiones quas ipfi erga nos occafione premiflbr' vel alior' eorum 
incurrere debent feu debuerunt, et ulterius nos ob amorem et afre(Sionem quos 
crga divSt' villam nrani five burgenf Cant' ad majorem, ballios, et burg' ejufd' 
villa five burgi gerimus et habemus de gra iira fpeciali ac certa fcientia et mero 
motu iiris necnon in confideratione didtce fums miile marcarum nobis ut preinit- 
titur lolvend' conceffimns et per prefentes concedimus pro nobis et heredib' iiris pre- 
fat' majori, balliis, et burgenf villce five burgi iiri Cant' prsedift' qd ipfi et fuccef- 
fores fui imppetuum feriam five nundinas infra burgum prted' et villam de Berne- 
well et in campis de Sturbrige et Barnewell prted' in difio com' Cant' p hoc no- 
men Sturbrig Fayer a fefto Sti Bartholomei Apli ufq fefl:um Michis ArchangeU 
cxtunc prox' fequent' cum ombus et omnimodis libertatib' privilegiis, et liberis con- 
fuetud' ad hujusm feriam five nundinas aliquo tempore pcrtinentib' five fpeflant* 
feu fpeftare et ptinere debent' quare volumus et firmiter precipirnus pro nobis et 
fucceflTorib' iiris prxd' qd prefati nunc major, battii, et burg' et fucceflTores fui 
villas iirse Cantabr' predict' habeant et teneant ac habere et renere poffint et va- 
leant fingulis annis imppetuum did:am feriam five nundinas infra burgum predifl* ac 
villam de Barnewell et in campis de Sturbrige et Barnewell predid' p hoc nomen 
Sturbrig Fayer a diao fcfco Sti Banhi Apli ufq di(.T feltum Sti Michis Archi' 



extunc prox' fcquem' cum omBs et omniirodis libertatib' privilegiis, ac libefls con» 
fuetudinib' ad hujufm' feriam five nundinas aliquo tempore' ptilientib' fpeftantib' 
-ficuc piaedi^um eft ; et qiioniam ad feriam five nundinas illas vocat' Sturbrig Fayer 
non foliim mercatoriim pro rebus et mercandizis fijis ibm esponend' noltrorum fub- 
ditorum .p totius regni 'iiri Anglije et aliorum dominiorum nrorum circuitum nec- 
Tion extraneoriHTi pro rebus et rnercandizis ibm emend' et venilend' maxinius et 
frequentiflimus fit concurfus, volumus ac per pra?rentes conceaimus qd prefati 
major, battii, et burgcnf ac fiicceffores fu\ cum congrua affiftenc' recordator' et 
alderman' ejufd' villae five burgi ac cum alio debito apparatu et ornatn ""igulis an»- 
'nis imperpetiium aliquo uno die feu divcrfis diebus in fefio feu pofl: dicinm fefturh 
Sti Baritii quem vel quos iidem major, baltii, et burg' juxta difcretiones fuas 
ad hoc affign' tarn infra burgum fiVe villam Cant' et libertatem ejufd' qu-im infra 
viliam et campos de Sturbrig et Barnewell pradift' dift' feriam five nundinas per 
iwmen de Sturbrig Fayer incipiend' et tenend' proclamare valeant, et itJm pacera 
inram ab embus obfervare et cuilodire noie liro mandari faciant, et qd ipfi major, 
■batlii, ct burg' cc fucQtflores fui ab ilia feria five nundinis inceptis in aliquo loco 
congruo infra limites et bundas ejufdem feriae five nundinarum habeant et teneant 
ac habere et lenere poflTmt imppetuum durante fcria live nundinis predi^' cur* 
pedis pulverifat' p recordator' five fenefcallum fuum cuftod' et tenend' et qnod 
-didi recordator five fencfcaJlus fuus cur' pred' tenens habeat cognitionem et deter- 
"niinationem omnium et fingulorum plitorum et que\;clarum tarn omnium et era' 
nimod' debitorum, conrrafluum, conventionum, et tranfgreffionum, qoam aliarum 
•caufarum quarumcunq tarn inter mercatores quam alios fubdicos iiros et extraneos 
quofcuniq infra limites et bundas ferise five nundinarum emergentium five con- 
tingent' et cadem placita five querela; juxta legem et confuetudinem regni iiri 
Angfue haftenus in hujufm' cur' ufitat' et juxta formam ftatuti inde edit' et provif 
•^udiend' et finaliter terminand' ac debitam txecutionem demandand' in fam amplis 
niodo et forma i)rout ditfti major, baitii, et burg' villfe prcdift' vel predeceilbres fin 
antehac ufi fuerunt et non aliter, et qd difti major, ballii, et burgenf et fuceeflbrei 
fui p ecnum fervientes et miniftros quofcunq tranfgrelTores infra limites et bun-das 
ferice five nundinarum illarum compert' ct exiflent' tam p corpora fua areftare 
quam p bona et catella fua attachiare et falvce cullodije comiuittere donee de iranf- 
grellionibus p ipfas perpetrat' plene fatisfac', ac fines quofcunq pro hujufm' tranf- 
greflionibus ac alia quccuuq fines, amerciamenta, exitus, et forisfaft' infra didlam 
feriam five nundinas contingent' et in diet' curia debit' affifa capere, recipere, le- 
vare, et habere, eaq omnia et fingula ad proprios ufus convertere et habere pofllnt 
et valeant abfq interruptione, moleftatione, mipedimcnto, feu gravamine riri vel he- 
red' nrorum jullic' efcaetorum, vicecomit' aut' aliorum baltiorum feu minillrorum 
nrorum vel hered' lirorum aut aliorum quorumcunq abfq computo, &c. Concef- 
fimns infiipcr ct ])er prefcntes conced.mus pro nobis et hered' iiris pred' majo^i, 
batlils, et burgenf burgi five villa: pred' qd ipfi et fuccefibres fui imppetuum ha- 
beant et teneant ac habere et tenere polTint di<f^as nundinas five feriam vocat* 
Sturbrig Fayer tarn fu: er folo, fundo, et terris in campis Sturbrig et B.)rncwcll 
et Scmpryngham vulgaricer diit' le Whyte Chanons juxta Cantabrig' fuper folo, 
■ fundo, 

O F S T U R B R I D G E F A I Fu 9 

fnndo, et terra it5m ptinen' capell^e Bte Marite Magdalenas voc' Sturbrig Cliappel 
■quam fuper folo, fundo, et terra quorumcunq alior' infra fines, limites, et bundas 
tiLirgi, villic, et camporum pra^d' et qd ipfi opell' dockas,fliopas, et ilallas vulgariter 
di(ft' boothes, dockes, (hoppes, et ftalles quofcunq neceflarias pro mercandizis, vic- 
lualib' vafis batell', ct meicimon' ibm ponend' cxponend' et vendend' sedificarc, 
fodere, et preparare poffint et valeant in tam amplis et confimilibus modo et 
forma prout ipll antehac ibm a;diticare, t'otlere, et preparare confuevemnt ; et volu- 
mus ac per prefentes concedimus pro nobis et hercdibiis nris pred' prefat' majori, 
balliis, et burg' qd ipfi et luccefTores fui burgenfes burgi feu villte Cantabr' prcd' 
inippetuum foil habeant, teneant, ct podideant opcUas, dockas, fliopas, et ftallas, 
intra nundinas five feriam prediftam, ac in edificand' fodiend' conflituend' five fiend' 
in tam amplis modo et forma prout ipfi praeantea habuerunt et tenuerunt, et pro- 
hibemus qd nullus torinfecus non exiilens burgenfis burgi five villcC Cantabr' 
prffid' aliquas opelias, dockas, (hopas, five ftallas infra nundinas five feriam prted* 
habent et tenent five pofiidcnt a die emanationis brevis nri prsd' de quo war- 
ranto habuerunt, tenuerunt, feu poifiderunt, vel habere, poffidere, et tenere confue- 
verunt, habere, tenere, et poflidere valeant et poffint, valeatq et poffit eafd' juxta et 
fecundum ordinationes et liatuta per majorem, recordat' alderman' ec commune 
confilium burgi live villse Cantabr' predict', vel majorem partem eorund' in ea 
parte fiend' et ftabiliend' et juxta et fecundum crdinationem nrara inferius decla- 
ratam. Concefiimus igitur ac per prefentes concedimus pro nobis et heredib' iiiis 
prefat' majori, battiis, et burg' qd mnjor et quatuor princlpales confiliar' burgi five 
villae prffid' pro tempore exiftent' cum conlenfu communis confilii burgi illius, vel 
major pars eorund' quorum diftos majorem et duos de diiflis quatuor principalib' 
confiliar' pro tempore exifl:ent' tres effe volumus, lotiens quotiens fibi placuerit auc 
fore videbitur expedire feipfos in Gilda Aula burgi prsd' infra eundem burgum 
exillent' congregate et convenire poffint tt valeant, et ibm leges, ordinationes, ec 
flatuta tam pro falvatione, commodo, et utilitate burgi pra;d' ac bono regimine, 
gubernatione, tuitione, et manutentione nundinar' five ferine prccdift' quam pro 
iccuritate illorum burgcnfium qui hujufm' opelias, dockas, fiiopas, five fialJa 
it5m habent et tenent, et pro difpofitione ct concinuatione earundem de tempore in 
tempus condere, facere, ordinare, et ftabilire, ac eafdem leges, ordinationes, et ilatuia, 
fecundum fanas difcretiones fu.;s prout cafus et rei neceflitas exigeret mutare et re- 
formare ; necnon ea oia et lingula in executionem de tempore in tempus poncrc 
et demandare prout eis melius videbitur expedire poflint et valeant imppetuum abfq 
impedimento uri vel heredum nrorum aut aliquorum quorumcunq. ita femper qd 
idem major, quatuor principales conhliarii, aldermanni, et coinune confilium n 
hujufm' leges er rtatuta ordinare debent qd omnes et finguli tales burgenfes burgi 
prasd' qui ad folutionem r\\€tx fumx- mille marcar' contribuentes fuerunt ac pro fo- 
lutione earund' nobis obligati exitlunt ec eorum heredes habeant, teneant, dc gau- 
deant fibi et heredibus fuis imppetuum omnes et fingulas hujufm' ec confimiles 
opelias, dockas, (hopas, ct ibiUas, ac libertatem faciend' confiruend' cpdificand' five 
locand' eafd' opelias, dockas, fiiopas, et fiallas infra precinftum nundinar' hve feria; 
pried' quales et quas ipfi aut eorum aliquis modo hubent feu habet aut ante 

'* I> aliqLio 


aliquo tempore habuerunt feu habent ; noUimus enim quod illi burgenTes feu alH 
qui non tribuerunc funvac preclii^ae habeant nee habere leu clamare poffunt nee de- 
beant aliqnas opcllas, dockas, ftopas five flallas, neque libertatem facieiid', conflru- 
end', a?dihcand', feu locand' bujufm' opellas, dockas, fh(;pas five ftalias infia prae- 
cinc\um nundinar' five ferin? pr^ed' nifi taniummodo fecnndum leges, ftatuta, et 
ordinationes qua; pra?d' major, quatuor confiliarii, aldermanni, et coe coni'dium in ea 
part' faciant, fed ab omni jure, tirulo, et interefTe fuis in ;'■ lem penitus iint exclufi 
imppet' ; et ulteritis qd ipfi fimiliter ordinare poffint fi volueiint aur neceffarium foro 
videbitur qd omnes et finguli hujufm' btngenf burgi five villa; pritd' qui ^liquas 
opellas, dockas, (hopas five ilallas infra nundinas five feriam prced' in piselcnt! ha- 
benr, tencnt, et poffident, ct in futuro habere, tenere, et puilidere contigerint eafd' 
opeHas, dockas, Ibopas five flallas habeant et teneant fibi hevedib' et aflionat' fuis 
jure hereditario imppetuum, ita femper quod jus hereditar' illud ad aliquem bur- 
genfem burgi five villffi prsed' omnino defctndat ; et tamen ulterius ordinary pof- 
fint qd bene liceat hujufm' burgenfib' diftas opellas, flaopas five fla!!r.s ad pijefens 
habentib' et impofierum habere contingentib' eas omnes et fingulas cuicunq al' 
burgenf burgi illius five cuicunq filio fuo five filiae aut filio five filis alterius bur-- 
genf illius burg' vendcre, alienare, ac per ultimam fuam voluntatem licite et libera 
difponere et legate poffint et valcant. Et ulterius voUimus et per prefentes conce- 
dimus pro nobis et heredib' liris prefatis majori. battiis, et burgenf et fucceflbr* 
fuis, qd major, aldermanni, et coe confilium difti burgi five vills vel major pars 
eorund' pro tempore exifl:ent' quofcunq inhabitautes infra univerfitatem iiram 
Cant' de tempore in tempus affeflare poflint et onerare ad folvend' et contribuend' 
id qd necelTariuin fore videbitur pro falvatione, defenfione, manuteniione, et luitiona 
vilkc five burgi iiri prasdcam contra et adverfus impetus et fluxus aquarum ibm 
contingentium quam pro emendend' ftratas et venellas villiE five burgi praedid' ae 
vias ad villam five burgum prsed' et feriam five nundinas prsed' ducentes, ac pro 
aliis negotiis ct caufis de cetero ibm emergent' et fiend' cancellario, magris, fcolarib* 
et fludenribus di<^e liras univerfitatis et corum fuccefforib' omnino exceptis. Et li 
aliqua fuma congrua et necefi^aria impofterum fuper inhabitantes prediitos infra vil- 
l.un five burgum przed' pro tempore exillen' ex caufis prediflis per diftos majorem^ 
aldermannos, et coe confilium prad* pro tempore cxiftentes vel majorem partem 
eorund' determinari, aflignari, vel imponi contigerit, tunc major villa five burgi prad' 
pro tempore exiftens habeat plenam virtutem prefentium [et] poteftatem eandem 
I'umam per fervientes fuos ad hoc dcputand' de tempore in tempus levand' petend' 
ct coUigcnd' ac eandem furaam fie levatam et colleftam per et fuper vifum et difcre- 
tionem ipforum niajoris et aldermannorum feu majoris partis eorund' in ufum, de- 
fcnfionem, emendationem, tuitionem, et manutentionem feriae five nundinarum ac 
villx five burgi et viarum pra'd' convertend' et applicand'. Et fi aliquem vel 
aliquos hujufm' levatione contradicentes feu repugnantes invenerint, tunc ipfum 
vel iplas fie contradicentes et repugnantes fccundum difcretionem fuam puniend* 
et caftigaiKi' ; provifo femper qd hjec prefens conceffio iira ficut premittitur pras-. 
fatis majori, balliis, et burgenf' villae pred' aut aliqua parcclla per nos concell* 
feu fa€t' nullo mode fe extend' in dampnum, detrimentum, et prejudicium Ijte- 




rarum nrarum patentinm p nos feu progenitores nras cancellarlo, magris, fcolarib* 
et earum fiicceilbr' in iiniverfitate villa fiije Cant' de et fuper aliqnibus liLer- 
tatibus, privilegiis, et franchefiis ante hsc tempora per nos feu progenitores liros 
fub magno figillo Anglia; fa6l' feu conccfT'; fed qd difli canccUar', magri, et fco- 
lares et eoriim fucceflbres habere et poflidere valeant habeantq et poffidcant omnes 
et omnimodas libertates, franchefias, et privilegia in diftis Iris patentib' en per 
nos feu progenitores nras prseantea conceff' ac eis uti et gaudere poffint adco 
'libere, quiete, et pacifice, prout idem cancellarius, magri, fcolares, et eorum fuc- 
ceflbres pretextu trariim patent' prasd' habere^ poflidere, uti, ct gaudere debean- 
et valeant, aut habere confueverunt, abfq perturbatione, impedimento, molefla- 
tione, diftriiftione, feu calumnia diftorum majoris, balliorum, et burgenf vei fuc- 
ceflbr' fuorum feu aliquorum juflitiar' efcaetor' vicecomit' aut alior' officiar* feu 
minirtror' iirorum quoruracunq; difta concefTione nra eifd' majori, balliis, et burgenf 
five aliqua in eadem contenta, recitata, et fpecificata, aut aliquibus aliis ftatutis, ac- 
tibus, ordinationib', provifionib', feu prociamationib' in parliamento pro feu extra 
parliamentum in contrarium ante h£ec tempora fadt* feu concefi"' aut impofterum 
faciend' feu concedend', aut aliqua alia re, caufa, vel materia quacunq in aliquo 
non obfl:ante, et ulterius volumus, et per prefentes concedinius, qd diifli major, baJ- 
lii, et burgenf habeant banc cartam iiram figillo liro figillat' abfq fine feu feodo 
magno vel parvo nobis in hanaperio cancellar' nro feu alibi ad ufum lirum red- 
dend' feu folvend', eo qd exprefia mentio, &c. 

Ex Mifcellan. P. inter Cod. MSS., in C. C. C.C. f. 302. 

B 2 K'VI, 


. N° VI. 

Quotl major "& biirgenfes Cantabrigie licite poffint de cetero 
tenere feriam five nundinas apiid Sturbridge et Barnewell 
annuatini per fpacium 36 dierum modo quo ipfi retroa6lis 
temporibus ufi fuerunt, fiilvis Temper omnibus libertatibus et 
privilcgiis univerlitatis ibidem. 

F.K Bib. Cottoniana Fauftina C. III. 

EMZABETII Dei gratia, &c. Omnibus ad quos ha; liters noflrs patented: 
, pervenerint falutem; Cum major, ballivi, ec burgenfes viUie noftrse Cante- 
briojiE in comitatu Cantabrigie ante tricefimum annum incliri & precharilTiini 
patris noflri Domini Henrici Dei gratia nuper regis Anglije oclavi de tempore 
in tempus esiftentes tempore ciijus contrarii niemorice hominum non exiftit 
habuerint ac uli fuerint habere et tenere quotannis quandam feriam five nundinas 
apud Barnewell cc Sturbridge, in prediflo comitatu Cantabrigiae ac infra liber- 
tatem villas noftre Caniabrigicc tentam five tentas ac per nomen nundinarum de 
Sturbrige cognitam ceu cogniias incipientem five incipientes quolibet anno in feRo 
fan£li Bartholomei apoftoli et ab eodem fefto continue ufque decimum quartum 
diem proximum poft feftum exaltationis Sancte Crucis fingulis annis durantem five 
durantes, una cum omnibus ctomnimodis jurifdiftionibus, authoritatibus, curiis, pro- 
ficuis curiarum, liberis- confuetudinibus, tolnetis, doccagiis, picagiis, ftallagiis, opel- 
lis, groundagiis, advantagiis, comoditatibus, proficuis, eafiamentis, et aliis libertati- 
bus quibufcumque ad hujufmodi feriam five nundinas pertinentibus vel qaoquo modo 
fpeftantibus, exceptis nonnuUis libertatibus, potefiatibus, jurifdiftionibus, immuni* 
tatibus, prefcriptionibus, confuetudinibus, eafiamentis, preheminenciis, proficuis, et 
commoditatibus univerfitati noflre Cantebrigi;iD infra eafdcm nundinas habitis, ufitatis, 
perceptis, qute quidem nundinte per laudabilem induflriam majoris, ballivorum, & 
burgenfium villx- Cantebrigiiie predielse a tempore in tempus exiftentes (loci ipfius- 
comoditate, academic vicinitaie, & temporis oportunitate opitulantibus) in longe 
maximas celcberimas totius Anglis nundinas evaferint, unde plurimum utilitatis tarn 
mercatoribus per univerfum reguum Anglia: ubique locorum difperfis ad eafdem 
nundinas concurrentibus ac merces et merchandilas fuas ibidem brevi tempore ven- 
dentibus quam etiam emptoribus ad nundinas illas de fingulis totius regni partibus ad 
pifces falfosjbutyrum, cafeum,mel,falcm, linum,canabum, piccm, et bitumen, aliafque 
merces Sc merchandifas q^uafcunque emcndas ac providendiis venientibus allluxit, ac 
1 cum 



Gum ex proficuis earundetn nundinarum major, ballivi, et burgenfes difle ville Canta- 
brigise de tempore in tempos per tempus immemoratum exKtentes non folum maxi- 
niam partem feptuaginta libra rum legalis monetc Anglis pro feodo firme ville Can- 
rabrigia- prcdiftai ac allarum libertatum et francliefiarum fuarum per cartas diver- 
fornm progenitorum noftrorum regum Anglie refervatas levaverint, verum etiam 
earundem nundinarum beneficio eandem villain in vlis, ftratis, foffis, ac aliis oneribus 
quamplurimis fupportare et manuteneie per totiim tempus prediftum ufque tri- 
cefimum annum rcL^ni precharilTimi patris nofiri praedicli iatis habiies effed^i I'unt et 
potentes, accum univerfis commoditatibus antediiftis non obflantibus poftca, videlicet 
die Mercurii poflremum poft craftinum purificationis Beate Marie anno regni illuf- 
triflimi ac prechariffimi patris noflrl domini Henrici nuper regis Anglie oftavi tri- 
tefimo per Johannem Buker attornatum difti nuper patris noltri prechariffimi in 
euria cjufdem nuper patris noftri apud Weflm' coram jufliciariis ejufdem nuper 
patris nofiri ad placita coram ipfo nuper domino rege ac patre noftro tenenda 
affignat' dat' fuit eidem curiae intelligi et informari quod major, ballivi, et burgenfes 
dift^ villx Cantebrigise in comitatu Cantebrigia; ad tunc pro tempore exillentes 
per quatuor annos tunc ultimo cl.ipfos et amplius ufi fuerunt et ad tunc utebantur 
habere nundinas five feriam apud Barnewell et Sturbridge in comitatu Cantebrigise 
in craftir.o fanfti Bartholomei apofloli et ab eodem craftino continue ufque deci- 
mum quartum diem proximum poft feftum exahationis Sanfte Crucis fequcntem fin* 
gulis annis tenend' cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis confuetudinibus ad hujuf- 
inodi teriam five nundinas fpeftant' necnon habere et tenere ibidem per totum 
lempus prediftum per fenefcallos et alios miniflros fuos curiam pedis pulverifati et 
colore ejuidem capere et attachiare nonnullos di61os nuper domini regis ac patrist 
noftri fubditos ad nundinas et feriam predidlas conferentes, et eos tam per corpora 
quam per bona et catalla fua multoties inquietare & aggravare, ac diverfos fines, 
redemptiones, et amerciamenta de hujufmodi difti nuper parris noftri fubditis eapere, 
ct ad folum commodum dift' majoris, ballivorum, et burgenfium detinere et con- 
vertere, ac etiam habere omnimodas alias forisfafluras et regalitates quafcunque infra 
precinft' nundinarum feu ferie praedifte apud Barnewell et Sturbrige predict' 
annuatim tempore ferie feu nundinarum earundem contingerc; et quod de omnibus- 
ct hngulis libertatibus et franchefiis fupradi^fis predifti major, ballivi, &: burgenfes- 
per fpatium diilorum quatuor annorum et amplius fuper diflum dominum regeia 
apud Barnewell et Sturbrige predift' in difto comitatu Cantebrigise uiurpaverunr 
in dift' domini regis et fuse regis prerogativae grave damnum et prejudiciuni ac ia 
magnum contempt' ipfius domini regis prout per informationem predict' in di(fla 
curia dit^i nuper domini regis ac patris noftri precharifiimi remanend'plenius liquet^ 
Sutler qua quidem informatione diclis tunc majore, ballivis, & burgcnfibus villce 
Cantebrigia: predi^' premonitis exiftentibus ad refpondend' quo warranto clamabanc 
habere libertates, franchefias, et privilegia predict' fi quid pro fe et fuccefforibus ftiis- 
in extimftionem informationis predift' dicere vellent aut fcirenr, ac eifdem majore et 
ballivis, & burgenfibus die Lune proximo poft craftinum alcenfionis domini- anno 
regni predic' nuper patris noftri prechariffimi tricefimo prime coram iplo domiiio 
rege et patre noftro prechariflimo apud Weilm' per attornatum fuum comparer^ 


14 A P P E N D I X T O T H E II I S T O R Y 

libus, et diverfis diebiis mterloquendi els in eadem curia datis et conceflis, tandem 
<lie jilercurii in craflino fanfti Johannis Baptifte anno regni difti nupcr domini 
legis ac patris noftii prechariiUmi tricefimo primo, quia did! ad tunc major, ballivi, 
et burgenfes nolcntes cum dicto patre nodro precharlilimo in hac parte contendere 
jut libertates I'uas prediftas defendere, fed femetipfos quoad feriam feu nun- 
■<l;nas de Siur bridge predict' ac alias libertates in eadem informatione fpecificat' 
voUintaci et bene placito diiHi nuper patris noftri pra-chariffimi humilime fubmit- 
temes nihil dixerunt in cxtinciionem informationis predifte, conceffum et confideratum 
iuic per curiam dicli domini regis ac patris noftri quod omncs et fingui:^ libertates, 
iVanchefie, et privilegia in informatione predi<aa fpecificat' in manus didli patris 
noftri prechariHimi feiferentur et remanerunt prout per record' inde in difta curia 
tiicli nuper patris noftri remanente plenius poterit apparere ; cumqne major, ballivi, 
ct burgenfes noftri difte ville noftre Cantebrigise nunc pro tempore exiftentes per 
dileftum et-fidelcm noftrum Rogerum North militem dominum North de Kyrtling 
fnmmum et capitalem di£be ville fenefcallum nobis humilime fupplicaverint qua- 
tcnus nos regia pietate moti feriam predidam vocatam Sturbridge Fair cum om- 
nibus IJbercatibus et liberis confuetudinibus antedivflis eifdem majori, ballivis, et 
burgenfibus concedere dignaremur, nos equis poftulationibus eorumdem majoris, 
ballivorum et burgenfium favorabiliter annuentes longum et continuum ufum 
tarundem nundinarum vocatarum Sturbridge Fair per eofdem majorera, ballivos, et 
burgenfes, eorumque predeceffores in forma predifta habit' confiderantes ac proficua 
et utilitates tam m^rcatoribus quam emptoribus ad eafdem nundinas venientibus ac 
ctiam majori, ballivis, et burgenfibus ville predidle et univerfitati noftre predidlse 
provenient' perpendentes, hrme infuper noftre continuationi ,unde maxima pars ex 
proficuis earumdem nundinarum levari folebat profpicere volentes, ac ut d'lCta. villa 
noftra Cantebrigis tarn in oneribus fuis fupportetur quam fub profpero et pacifico 
regimine noftro augeatur et condecoretur defiderantes, ex gratia noftra fpeciali ac 
ex certa fcientia et mero motu noftris di£tam feriam feu nundinas de Sturbridge 
quotannis apud Barnewell et Sturbridge infra libertatem difte ville Cantebrigije 
tenend' ac in fefto farnfti Bartholomei apoftoli annuatim inceptur' et ab eodem fefto 
continue ulque decimum quartum digm proximum poft feftum exaltationis Sanfle 
Crucis annuatim teraporibus futuris duratui' una cum omnibus et omnimodis ante- 
aVkYis proficuis, commoditatibus, tafiamentis, curiis, proficuis curia', authoritatibus, ju- 
rifdiftionibus, facukatibus edificandi, conftruendi, erigendi, cooperiendi, removendi, 
locandi, nccnon ordinandi et difponendi opellas loc' earumdem nundinarum et opella, 
rum conluetis, ec aliis libertacibus, franchefiis, et liberis confuetudinibus univerfis 
quibus ipli nunc major, ballivi ct burgenfes eorumve predeceilores in nundinas 
preditt. aliquibus teinporibus rctroafti,; ufi aut gavifi fuerunt, prefatis majori, 
ballivis, et burgenfibus ville noftre CantelirigicE et eorum fuccelloribus imperpetuum 
Damus et concedimus., ac pro nobis, heredibus, ct fucctlloribus noftris (quantum in 
nobis efl) rcilituiraus extra manus noftras, deliberamus, confirmamu?, raiificamus, et 
approbamus per prelentes, falvis tamcn ac femper cxceptis ct relervatis tam nobis 
Jiercdibus t^t lucccfibribus noftris quam canctllario, magiftris, St fcholaribus dicSie 
imiveifituUs noftre Ca,ntabrigiie et fucceflbribus luis omnibus eC fingulis privilegiis, 



Ifbertatibus, franchefiis, immunitatibus, preheminenciis, poteftaribus, jurifdiflionibus, 
prefer! ptionibiK, con fuetudinibuSjealiamentiSjproGcuisjCommoditatibus, et advantagii* 
quibufcLimciue a dictis cancellario, rpagiftris, et fcolaribm univerfitiitis noftre Can- 
tebrigiie, aut eoriim aliquo, aut ab eorum miniftris, famulis, aut fervicntibus, aut al> 
eurum aliquo aut ab aliqua vel aliquibus diifle univerfitatis noftre Caniebrigias per- 
fonis priviltgiatis in di<flis nundinis, feria, feu feriis predict. Anglice voc„t Sturbridge 
Fair, vel ijifra precinfl. earumdem, vel aliquibus fubditis nortris, cetibus, conventi- 
bus, ceu congregationilius infra fuburbia ville noftre Cantcbrigiffi, vel infra villam de 
Barneweii, aqt ejuftlera ville campos et iimites, ante hac vulgariter yocate Sturbridge 
Fair, vel in aliquibus locis ubi feria five nundine vulgariter vocate Sturbridge Fair 
ante haec tempora tenebantur quae ratione, caufa, vigore, vel virtute alicujus dona-^ 
lionis, conceffionis, feu confirmadonis noftre vel progenitorum noftrorum ante hcec; 
tempora habit' ceu faft' aut alicujus aftus parliament! aut quae per iplos aut ipforu;n 
aliquem in nundinis, feria ceu feriis prediftis aut precinflis earumdem vel in diftis^ 
G€t-ibus, convent ceu con^regat vel in diflis locis ubi feria feu nundine vulgariter 
vocate Sturbridge Fair ante hac tenebantur habit' gavif ufitat* aut percept' fuere ali- 
quo tempore per majorem partem viginti annorum proxime preteritorum hiis literis 
noftris paientibus aut hac conceffione, reftitutione, ceu deliberatione noftra, aut aliqua 
lege, caufa, re, vel materia quacumque in contrarium inde aliquo modo nonobftante^ 
habend' tenend* utend' et gaudend' feriam five nundinas una cum omnibus et omni- 
modis a«tedi£>is proficuis, commodiiatibus, eafiamentis, curiis, proficuis curiarum, 
aurhoritatibus, jurifdiftionibu?, facultatibus edificandi, conftruendi, erigendi,Gooperi- 
cndi, removendi, locandi, necnon ordinandi et difpouendi opellas locis earumdem 
nundinarum et opellarum conluetis et aliis libertatibus, franchefiis, et liberis confue- 
tudinibus univerfis quibus ipfi nunc major, ballivi, et burgenfes eorumve prsedeceffores 
temporibus retroaftis (ut prsfertur) ufi velgavifi fuerunt (exceptis preexceptis) pre- 
fatis majori, ballivis, et burgenfibus, eorumque fuccefforibus imperpetuum prcdi^lo^ 
judicio in predicto brevi de quo warranto reddito aut aliquo adln,ordinatione, abufu,, 
non ufu, aut aliqua alia re, caufa, vel materia quacung. in aliquo non obftante : Volu» 
mus infuper et pro nobis, heredibus, et fuccefforibus noftris ex certa fcientia et 
mero motu noftris prefatis majori, ballivis, et burgenfibus, et eorum fuccefforibus 
(quantum in nobis efl) damus et concedimus per prefentes quod ipfi et eorum fuc- 
celTores de tempore in tempus futur' tempor' exiften' ordinationes, regulas, et ftatuta,- 
fecunduiu formam et efFe(fium harum literarum patent' quoad paciticam et quietam 
gubernationem nundinarum predi(5tarum, ac tarn quoad edificationem, ereflionem^ 
cooptur' locationem, diflocationem, remotionem, limitationem, prefi6tionem, et ordi- 
iiationem opellarum quarumcunque infra nundinas prediflas de cetero erigend' quam 
ctiam quoad difpofuiones et affuranc' earundem per ultimae volumat' donationes,. 
furlum reddiciones, aut aliter fiend' necnon quoad fingul' artium, facuhatum, occu- 
pationum, feu raiftcriorum mercatores, opifices, atque artifices, opellas feu fiationes 
aliquas in nundinis prediftis tenentes five occupantes conjunftim prout decet) locisj 
opellis, et ftationibus unicuique earumdem anium, facultatum, occupationum, et 
myfleriorum mercatoribus, opificibus, et artificibus defignatis, et confuetis, fpeciaiiter, 
veto in <juodam loco, earumdem nundinarum vocato Chenpfide collocand' ordinandi - 



defignand' difponend' et deputand' facere, conftituere, edere, et ftabilire pofTlnt et 
valeant imperpetuum vel ad tcmpus prout eis magis expedire videbit duratur' eC 
inviolabiliter obfervand' dummodo ordinationes, regule, et ftatuta hujufmodi jure, 
tituh;, ilve intcrefle alicujus burgenfes difte ville Cantabrigiae legitime ct fecundum 
coni'sietudiiies et ordinationes difte ville tenenti feu pofTidenti aliqnam opellam in 
r,unJinis predidlis, nee libertatibus aut privilegiis canccllarii, magiftrorum, et fcho- 
larium univerfiratis noftre Cantabrigije, nee confuetudinibiis fuis ante hac per ma- 
jorem partem viginti annorum proximo prcteritoriim ufitat' aliqualiter derogent nee 
iegibus aut flatutis regni noftri Angli^e f'uerint repugnant' ac diimmcdo hu'iufmodi 
ordinationes, regule, aut flatuta non prohibeant nee redringent aliquem perfonam 
per univerluatem priediftam privilegiat' a conduftionc alicujus opelle feu opellarum 
in nundinis prediitis, ac que quideni ordinationes, regule, aut flatuta tarn per pre- 
fatos majorem, ballivos, et burgenfes aut eorum IbcceHbres impoderum edenda et 
ftabilienda quam per eos aut eorum predeceffores ante h^c edita feu flabilita de 
tempore in tenipus mutandi, rcvocandi, rejiciendi, adnihillandi, aut fecundum eorum 
difcretionis confirmandi, necnon alia qusecumque de tempore in tempus edendi, ordi- 
nandi, et ftabiliendi prout temporis mutatio dt rerum eventus exigebit, eifdem raajori, 
ballivis, et burgenfibus, eorumque fuccefforibus pro nobis, heredibus, et fuccelToribus 
noftris (quantum in nobis eft) ex certa fcientia et mero motu noltris plenam autho« 
ritatem damus et concedimus faculcatem : Nolumus autem fed exprefle pro- 
hibemus per prefentes aliquos venditorcs aliquarum mercium Anglise appeliat' 
mercery wares, ceu grocery wares, alibi in nundinis prsdidis locari vel aliquam 
opellam ceu Itationem ad hujufmodi merces vendend' in nundinis illis occupari nifi 
in prediflo loco vocato Cheapefide; nee aliquos pannos laneos ceu veflimenta aliqua 
fad:a ex panneis Janeis alibi in eifd' nundinis vendicioni exponi prsterquam in loco 
confueto ibidem vocato the Duddery ; nee aliquos aurifabros alibi in eifdem nun- 
dinis locari feu merces fuas in aliquibus opellis vendicioni exponere nifi tantum _ 
in loco earumdem nundinarum antiquitus appellato Cooper Lane, alias Golde 
Smithis Rowe ; nee aliquos fabros ftannarios, Anglice pcwterers, vel brafiers, alibi in 
nundinis illis merces fuas vendicioni exponere nifi folummodo in ftationibus et 
opellis earumdem nundinarum confuet' in Pewtry Piowe et Brafier Rowe ibidem. 
Providemus ramen et exprelTe volumus per prefentes qd omnes et fmguli burgenfes 
nodre ville predicte qui fecundum ordinationes ante hac in eadem villa faftas et 
'confuetudines ejufdem villa; hadtenus ulitatas aliquam feu aliquas opellam ceu 
opellas in nundmis prediftis de pretatis majori, ballivis, et burgenfibus modo tenenc' 
libi, hercdi' us, et affignaris fuis burgenfib' dicte ville vel proprio termino vitevcl anno- 
rum, live hujufmodi opellam ceu opellas perquerirint iive earn vel eas per dil^ef^un^ 
hereditarie acceperint, earumdem opellarum quamlibet fibi, heredibus, et affignatis 
fuis burgenfibus di<fte villa vel pro termino vite vel annorum fecundum feparales 
eorum (latus, titulos, interefle, et terminos quos in ciiciem juxta ordinationes in eadem 
villa ante haec faflios et itabilitos ac publice eorumdem majoris, ballivorum, et bur- 
genfium authoritate in eadem ville nupcr confirmat' ac fecundum confuetudines 
ejuldem villa; hattenus ufitatas habcnt de cetero, habeant, et teneant, ac habere et 
tenere valeant harum prefcntium literurum noftraruai patentium beneticio cc vigore^ 



3tt in lam amplis modo ac forma ac fi haec prefens carta noftra ciHlibet burgenfium 
predifl' (quoad opellas fuas quas modo de prefatis majorc, ballivis, ec burgcufibuj 
in nundinis predid^' ac in forma predi£t;i tenent) eflet confecla aique concell'a ; pro- 
vifo femper quod quo melius unitas et concordia inter cancelhirlum, magiflros, *t fcho- 
lares univerfitatis noftre prcdidte Cantebrigieac majorem, ballivos, et burgcnfes difte 
ville noftre Cantebregie foveat' et confervat' nolumus neque intendimus has iiteras 
noftras patentes aut quicquam content' in eifdem intelligi, accipi, vel torqueri ad 
toUend' coartand' diminuend' aut in dubium vocand' ullam partem libertatum, fran^ 
chefiarum, immunitatum, potedatum, juvifdidionum, prefcriptionum, confuetudiaum, 
eafiamentorum, beneficiorum, aut commoditatum, a diftis cancellario, magiftris, et 
fcholaribus, aut eorum aliquo, vel ab eorum minillris, famulis, feu ferviencibus, aut 
eoruna aliquo in nundinis, feria five feriis prediiflis vocatis Sturbridge Fair, habit' 
gavis' ufitat' vel percept' ratione, caufa, vigore, ceu virtutc alicujus conceffionis, a£iu8 
parliamenti, prefcriptionis, aut confuetudinis cujufcumque, aut ab ipfis vet ipforum 
aliquo in nundinis pri-diftis vel in aliquibus fubditorum noftrorum cetibus, conven- 
tibus, ceu congregationibus infra fuburbia ville nollre Cantebrigie vel infra villam 
de Barnewell aut ejufdem ville campos ct limites ante hac vulgariter vocato Stur- 
bridge Fair, vel in aliquibus locis ubi ferie ceu nundine vulgariter vocate Stur- 
bridge Fair ante hac tempora tenebantur habit' gavis' ufitat' vel percept' aliquo tem- 
pore per majorem partem viginti annorum proximo preteritorum, fed quod predifto 
cancellario, magifiris, et fcolaribus, ac fucceflbribus fuis eoiumque fingulis et ipforum 
miniftris, famulis, et fervientibus quibufcuraque bene liceat et licebit in nundinis five 
feriis prediftis uti, frui, gaudere, habere, tenere, et percipere omnia et omnimodo 
libertates, franchefias, immunitates, poteftates, jurifdiftioncs, prefcriptiones, confuetu- 
dines, eafiamenta, beneficia, et commoditates, per nos feu per aliquem progenitorum 
aut predecefforum noflrorum ceu per authoritatem parliamenti ipfis aut ipforum alicui 
datis, concelljs, aut confirmatis, vel ab ipfis aut ipforum aliquo in eifdem nundinis, 
ceubus, convemlbus, five locis predicts vulgariter vocatis Sturbridge Fair, aliquo 
tempore per majorem partem viginti annorum proximo preteritorum habit* percept' 
ufitat'aut gavis' in tam amplis modo et forma ad quemcumque effeftum, propofitum, feu 
intentionem ac fi hae litere noftre patentes majori, ballivis, et burgenfibus ville noftre 
Cantebrigie predifte omnino faftce non fuiffent, abfque ullo fcrupulo, dubitatione, ceu 
queftione de, in, aut fuper ea removendi hiis literis noftris patentibus aut materia 
feu re aliqua in eifdem contends in aliquo non obftantej provifo femper et noftra 
voluntas et intentio' eft quod he litere nollre patentes aut aliqua res ceu materia 
quecumque in eifdem fuperius content' nullo modo fe extendat neque quovif- 
modo intelligat' interpretet' ceu accipiat' ad toUend' evacuand' reftringend' de- 
minuend' feu coarftand' privilegia, libertates, immunitates, preheminencias, authori- 
atates, jurifdifliones, proficua, commoditates, advantagia, ceu eorum aliqua vel aliquod 
ante hire tempora per nos five progenitores noftros majori, ballivis, et burgenfibus 
d\Q:c ville noftre Cantebrigie dat' cradit' feu conccfs' queque nunc virtute et pretextu 
aliquarum licerarum noftrarum patentlum aut progenitorum noftrorum, vel ratione 
ct vigore alicujus aftus parliamenti ante hac editi feu provifi pleno et intcgro 
robore jure exiftit, feu exiftunt, et dehinc exiftere poterit feu poterinr, fed quod has 

* C Iiteras 


literas noftras patentes atque omnia et fingula in eifdem contenta omnimodo habeant, 
accipianr, et inrerpretent' imperpetuura contra nos, heredes, et fucceflbres noftros, 
atque omnes alias perfonas atque perfonam, corpus politicum atque corpora politica, 
nunc aut impofterum aliquod jus, titulum, aut interelTe de aut in prediclis nundinis, 
feria feu feriis de Sturbridge habentes aut vendicantes aut habentia ceu vendi- 
cantia, quain liberaliflime ad omnem iifum, comraodum, et utilitatem ipforum majoris-, 
ballivorum, et burgenfiuni, et fuccefforum fuorum. Et quod difti major, ballivi, et 
burgenfes, et eorum fucceflbres his Uteris noftris patentibus imperpetuum uti poffint 
et valeant in quacumque juris forma ad omnes efFedtus et intentiones prout iis 
niaxime commodum meliufve expedire videbitur, aliqua re feu materia quacumque 
in prefentibus aut aliqua lege, ordinatione, ceu materia quacumque in coiurariura 
inde in aliquo non obftantibus. In cujus rei teftimonium has literas noftras fieri 
feciraus patentes cede meipfa apud Weftm' decimo die Augufti anno regni aoftri 32* 

N" Va 

BREVE patens direft' cancell* ut fupervident menfuras in feriis de Stere- 
bridge. 7 R. II. 

In hoc refcripto coUegi poteft ferias de Sterebridge teneri in fuburbio villas 

Breve patens H. VII, direftum cane' vel vicecanc' et procuratorib' Cantebrigi^e. 
«|uateans fupervideant Vafa cum falmone, allece, anguiUis, ac certis pifcibus In 
Cantab', Barnwell, et. Sterebridge, &c. 


O F S T U R B R I D G E F A I Pw i^ 

N" vin. 

7 Hen. V. Quod Vic* habeat corre<Stioiieai viclualium, raenfu* 
rar' et poudeium in feria de Sturbrig' pendente lite inter 
Univerfitatem et cives Londinen\ 

From Hare's Colleffions. 

REX dilefto et fideli fuo Wilti Afenhull chivaler vie' firo Cantebr* falutem. 
Sciatis qd cum diverfte lites, difcentiones, et debars inter cancellarium et fcholare^ 
Dniverfitatis nrx Cantebr' ex una parte et majorenl aldermannos et cives civitutis 
ur'£ Lond' ex altera de eo qd tarn difti cane' et Icalares quam priedicti major, alder- 
manni, et cives prjetextu diverfarum libertatuum, franchefiar' quietanciar' et immu- 
nitatum utriq parti p cartas ^genitorum nrorum quondam regum Anglise quasi 
confirmavimus conceftarum clamant habere cuftodiam aflifx et afl'ais; panis, vini, 
et cervifiae, et fppvifum menfurarum et ponderum civium Lond' ad feriam five nun-, 
dinas de Stirebr?gge confluentium, ac corrcflionem, punitionem, caftigationem, po- 
reftatera, et gubernationem earund* ac poteftatem menfuras et pondera legaiia con- 
fignandi, et tranfgreffores in proemiffis puniendi et cafligandi, ac quaedam alia in cartis 
et confirmatione prsedidis contenta, motee fint et fubortje, quK coram confilio firo 
pendunt indecifas. Nos inde volentes tam ad riotas et alia mala et inconvenientia 
evitanda quje in hoc cafu in pturbationem pacis lirae et ligeorum nrorum de facili 
oriri poterunt quam j) falva et fana gubernatione regimine ferise five nundinarum 
hujusm ne aliqua riota, mala, damna, vel inconvenientia hujusm litibus, diflentioni- 
bus, et debatis fic pendentib' uUo modo fiant in eifd' ^ut ad nos attinet debite ^vi- 
dere, de avifamento difti confilii nri ofdinavimus, ac vobis tenore prsfentium co- 
mittimus poteftatem ad prjedidtas alTifam et affaiam panis, vini, et cervifise p pr^d* 
cives venditioni exponend' cuftodiend*. Ac ad menfuras et pondera eorund' civium 
ad feriam five nundinas apud Sterebrigge prsd' in prox' tencnd' confluentium fup 
vidend' necnon ad eofd' cives corrigead', puniend', caftigand' et gubernand' aC 
praedifta menfuras et pondera legaiia confignand' et tranfgreffores eorundem civium 
in diftis feria five nundinis in prsmiffis hac vice tantum puniend* et caftigand' ad 
finem qd pax nra in ligeos nros prsd' (^put decet) in ombus obfervetur. Et ideo 
vobis mandamus qd circa prjemifla diligenter intendatis ac ea faciatis et exequa- 
mini in forma prsed' Damusautem tam prajfatis canc'et fcolarib' quam prsfatis ma* 
jori, alderroannis, et civibus, ac aJiis quorum iutereO: tenore prefentium firmiter in 
mandatis qd vobis in premiffis faciend' et exequend' pareant, obedianc, et intendant 
prout decer. In cujus rci teftim' has tras aras firi fecimus pat*. Tefte Joline Ducc 
Bedford cuftode Angliae apud VVeftm' 14 die Julii anno regni nti 7 per conlilium. 
Ex rot' pat' de anno 7 JH. Hqn. V. membr' 29 in turr* Lond'. 

* C a N- IX, 


N- IX. 

A. D. 1534, 24 die Julii in die Veneris. Dr. Edmondes and I WilHatTJi 
Buckmafter, meffyngers, lente from thuniverfitie to procure and fet forthe ther 
caufe and lute agaynft the townefmen concernynge our privilegees : whofe prodtors 
were mafters Brakyn, Slegge,. R. Chapman and J. Chapman, J. Miller aldermen 
of Cambridge. We met at Lambeth before my, Lorde Crtauncellor and my Lorde 
of Canterbury with the Duke of Norfolke ; ther wer prefenie belyde- my Lorde 
Marques of Exeyter, the Deane of the chapell, Dr. Sampfon, and the King's Aim-- 
ner Dr. Fox, Dr. Therlbye and Dr. Haynes. VV'heare it was decreede by the faide 
Lordes that Styrbridge fair was in the fubarbes of Cambridge, and the Vicechan- 
cellor or his commiilary might keep courte cyvyll ther tor plees wher a fcoler was. 
the one party. Item, that in the fame faire thuniverfitie hatl the ovcrfighte correcr 
tion and puniflimente of all.weightes and mefures of all manner of vytayll of all; 
regraters and foreftaUers. Item, it was determyned that fpices be vytaill.. 

From the Black Paper Book of the Univerfuy», 

The heads of the Univerfitle's privileges in Sturbridge Fair«. 

Annis 1533 and 1534, Dr. Herries Vicechancellor.-^ 

Fiift, The Proftor's comiflary and other officers of the univerfity keep a court' 
in the fair, becaufe it is within the fubarbs of Cambridge, and the univerfity are- 
clerks of the market, and have the overfight and- correclion of weights and mea- 
fures, and vidluals in the fair. 

2. They hold plea in the faid court of contraifls and trefpafles made within the- 
faid fair as without, which was one of the things agreed upon in a compofitioni 
with the town, viz. that the univerfity fliould have the like privilege there as the.- 

3. They hear and determine pleas perfonall as well between fchoIarSj feirvants, 
as all foreigners and others of the kind's fubjefts, if a fcolar or fcholar's fervant be 
©nc party by the commiflary in the fiir court by the order of the civil law by wit- 



jiels or otherwife, excepting in caufes relating to vldtuals, wherein they determine 
according to the common or ftatute law. 

4. They make proclamation in the faid fair before the proclamation of the 
inayor of Cambridge, by virtue of the king's letter patent as confervators of tlic 
peace, and as having the overfeer of vidtuals which is the firft thing fold in the 

5. The Pfoftors fearch all manner of fifh as well fait-fifh as other, pewter, brafs,. 
&c. haires, girthwebb, filks, furs, beds, and all upholftery wares, fpices and gro- 
cery, rape-feed, muftard feed, fuftians, worlteds, fays, honey, foap, oil, tallow, 
wax, &c. brought to be fold in the faid fair, an 1 take the forfeitures of the fame 
when faulty, &C. This they do by virtue of royal charters. 

6. The Prodors by virtue of the king's writt diredted to the univerfity, and as 
clerks of the market are the proper g. tigers in the fair to gauge all manner of bar- 
relled wares bvouj^ht to be fold, and take the ufual fees allowed by the law for 
the fime, as- alio fur weighing, viz^ of every one that bringeth falmon or any thing 
of like nature to Ije fold iz d. fir every Jafl: gauging. For every lall. of oil gaug- 
ing 12 d. Item, for-every lail of foap weighing and gauging 12 d. For every lalt 
of honey weighing and gauging' 4 s. &c. and the fines and forfeitures for want of 
weight and mealure.. 

7. The Taxers take- of all viftuallersin the fair a greater or leflTer fum according 
as' they can: agree for breach of the aflize of bread and beer which they fell in the 
fair. N. B. 'i'nis taken in lieu of lieavier penalties which the offending vidlualler 
incurrs, and the taxers may lawfully inilid for fuch offence. 

8.. For every cart load of oats to be fold in the fair they take 4d. &c. 

Ex Mifcel. F. C. CC dc rebus.Caat. 

N° XL 

lilterse patentes de redditu annuali exeunte de quibufdam fhopes et boothcs in 
Sturbrige concefTo majori et burgcnfibus lab quad' conditione. 

Philippus et Maria Dei gra rex et retrina 4nglie, Hifpanie, Francie, utrufq Sici- 
He, Jerufalem, et H.ihernie, fidei defcni'ires, archeJuces Auilrie, duces Burgundie,. 
Mediolani et Brabantie comites, Hnfpur^ie, Flandrie, et Tirolis omnihus ad quos 
prelcntes tras perven' fal'. Cum quiciim annualis redditus ofto librar' quindccim 
Iblidor' et duor' denar' annuatim exeunt et Iblvcnii' de certis fhopes et les boothes 
in Sturbrige in com' Cinfebr' in tenura maioris, ballivor' er.burgenf ville nre 
Cantebr' ad luftentationem et manucenttonem cerror' obituum annivcrfar* et an- 
nualis cujufd' elemofine erga paupcrrs infra pdcam villamannuari fiend' rationc 
C'i]ufd' adus parlti ap' Weftm' anno rtgni precharilTimi fris firi Edw. VI. nup reg' ' 

■ Anglie 


Anglle 2do tenti, ac ratione cujufd' prefentacois fee' tenorem ejufd* adus hab'uc 
et ii&.' in manus nup didli f ris nri devenic ac etiam in manibus iiris jam exiftit ec 
cum dcus pra^charil' fr' iir a temp' ejufd' pari' annuacim durante vita fua folvebat 
et dedit, ac nos fimilitcr a regno nro inchoato hucufq annuat' folverimus et dedi- 
mus prajfatis majori et burgenfibus ville are pdce quendam aliiim annualcm reddi^ 
turn 6 librar' decern folid' et 6 den' parcell' fupra Icripti annualis redditus 8 1. 13 s, 
2 d. ea intentione qd iidem major, bailtvi, et burgenfes annuatim de tempore in 
tempus p di(S;um annualem redditum 61. 10 s. 6 d. p nos ut prjefertur cild' dat* 
et folutvim erogarent et diftribuerent ac erogari et diflribuere facient pauperib' et 
egL-nis infra pdca villam nrani Cantebr' inhabitantil)' et cofnoraiuib' ad tempera 
et loca ufirata juxta fuas et laudabiles donator' voluntates et mode et forma prout 
iidem major, ballivi, et burgenles femp antea ufi facere foliti fuident, fciatis igitur 
qd nos tain pro caufis et confidcrationib' pdcis ac intuitu pietatis qua habemus ad 
pios cccte fitus et ceremonias fee' catholicam fidem et donaior' voluntates irtfra; 
pdcam villa iira Cantebr' annuatim imperpetuum de cetero faciend' et obfervand' 
ac ctiam pro eo qd prsedce fliopaj et les boothes in Sturbrige pdct' funt et tpe M' 
fionis parlti pdci fuerunt terre cullumar' et nofl' de nobis aut de aliquo manerio 
nro tent' ac proinde fupradict annual reddit 8 1. 15 s. 2d. de iild' fliopis et les 
boothes exeunt' ac ut prcefettur annuatim folvend' juxta puram, fimplicem, et legi- 
timam intentionem pdci aftus parli ac ratione et vigore ejufd' aliquo Icgltimo 
modo in manus' dci prechariffimi ffis iiri devenire non debuilTet et in manitSs 
aris jam exiftit aut cxiltere poteft quam pro fidclitate, indullria, ac acceptabili fer- 
vitio nobis p pdcos majorem, ballivos, et burgenfes ante hac fa£t' et -impenf ac 
impofterum habend" faciend' et impendend' de gratia lira fpeciale ct ex certa 
fcientia et mero motu nris dedimus et concefiimus et p prelentes damus et conce- 
dimus prefatis majori, ballivis, et burgenfiBs pdidle ville iire Cantebr' fupradift' an- 
nualem reddit' 8 1. 15 s. 6 d. de ipfis Ihopes et les boothes in Sturbrige annuatim 
exeunt' ct folvend' adeo plene, libere, et integre, ac in tam amplis modo et forma 
prout iid' major, ballivi, et burgenfes pdci portione recltat' dcum annualem reddi- 
tum unquam habuerunt, ufi, vel gavifi fuerunt, aut habere, uti, vel gaudere dcbue- 
runt aut potuerunt fi idem annuales redditus nunquam in manus pdci prtscharif- 
iimi fris iiri aut riras deveniflet, et adeo plene, libere, et integre, ac in tam ampiia 
modo et forma prout idem annualis redditus ad manus di£li prjecharifTimi fris nri 
ratione vel prcetcxtu pdidi actus pari' vel aliter quocunq modo devenit feu deve- 
nire debuit, devenerunt feu devenire debuerunt, ac in manib' iiris non * exiftit vel 
cxifi-unt feu exiftere debet vel deberent, habend' tenend' gaudend' ct retinend' 
jidicum annualem red' 81. 15s. 2d. p nos p prefentes preconcclf cifd' majori, bal- 
livjis, et burgenfib' et cor' fuccefibnb' imperpet' ad opus, ufus, et intcntiones fupra- 
di(5t' annuatim imperpet' ut pfertur obfervand' et perimplend*. Mandantes etiam 
etcp plentes firmiter inpingendo pcipientes tam Thef et Baronib' fcacc' nri quam 
i5ib' et fingulis receptoribus, auditonbus, et aliis officiariis et miniftris nror'hered* 

. * Kon; fo in the fair copy, but in another corre£lcd draught which is joined with this in the 
Coltoii book it \ijjm, 

5 « 

O F S T U R B R I D G E F A I R, ?3' 

fit fuccefibr' nror' prefate reglne quibufcunq ec cor'^ cuilibet qd ipfe et eor' quilibct 
fijp totam demonltrationem har' licerar' patcnriLim aut fup irrotulament' eoiunci' 
abfq aliquo brevi feu warranto a nobis vel heredib' aut fucccfforib' firis pre fate re- 
gine quoquo modo impetrand' obtinend' feu prerequand' plenam, integram, dcbi> 
tannq allocationem, defalcationem, deduftionem, et exonerationem manifeftam pre- 
fatis majoris, ballivis, et burgenfib' et eor' fucc' de Omni pdiiflo redditu 81, 15 s. 2d. 
p nos p. prercr,:es pconcel' facient et percaufabunt. Et he litere nre patentes auc 
irrotulamenrimi earund' triinr annuacim et de tempore in tcmpus tarn diclis thei' 
et baronib' fcaccaru liri qoam oib' cc fing' pdidis receptorib' audicorib' et aliis 
officiariis et minittris nris hered' cc fucceffor' nrum pfate regine quibufcunq et eor* 
euilibet fufficiens warrant' ct exoneratio in hac pte. Ac ulterius damns pro confi- 
deratlon pdicta ac ex certa fcicntia et mere motu iiris p pfencesconcedimus pfatis 
majori, ballivis, er burgcufib' totum illud pdidt' reddit' 8 1. 15 s. 2d. et profit' 
ejufd' a fello S. Michis arcliang' ultimo pretento hucufq proven' five exiOen' habend' 
eifd' majori, ballivis, et burgenfib' ex dono iiro abfq compoto feu aliquo alio pro- 
inde nobis heredib' vel fucc' iiris prefate regine quoquo modo redend' folvend' vel 
faciend', Ac etiam voUimus pro' confiderationib' pdiftis ac ex certa icientia et 
mero notu iiris p prefent ccinC'cdimus pfatis majori, ballivis, et burgenfib' qd ha^ 
beant et habebunt has Iras nras patentes fub magno figillo nro Anglic debico modo 
fadl' et figillat' abfq fine feu feodo magno vel parvo nobis in hanoperio iiro vel 
alibi ad ufus nros quoquo modo reddend' folvencj' vel faciend'. Eo qd exprefla 
mentio de veru valore annuo aut de aliquo alio valore vel certitudine prremifibr' 
aut de aliis donls five conceffionibus p nos feu aliquem progenitor' nror' prcefatis 
majori, ballivis, et burgenfibus ante hec tempora faft' in prtcfentib' minime faftis 
exiilit' aut aliquo ftatuto, ^Qu, ordinatione, provifioiie, feu reflrictione inde in con- 
trarium faft' edit' ordinat' five provif aut alia aliqua re caufa vel materia qui- 
cunque in aliquo non obfiante. In cujiis rei teflimonium has tras nras fieri feci- 
mus patentes. Tellibus- nobis ipfis apud \VefttTi''23 die Junii annis regnor' iiror' 
teltio et 4to per breve de privata figillo. 

£x rot' pat' de an' 3' et 4 Phil, et Mar. regum p. 7. in Domo Converfor. Lond.. 
Bib. Cott. Fauftina, C. iii. f. 407. 

This is alio entered at length in the. book, commonly called " The Crofs Book, 
af;the Town of Cambridge." 

N°- XII.. 




N° XII. 

The piiblick beame for weighing of hoppes recovered to the 
Univerfity at Sturbridge Faiii, in a letter to the Maior and 
Aldermen, 12 C. II. for in the civil warr the town had 
ufiirpt it. (Vicechancellor's little black book.) 

Cha. R. 

TRUSTY and vvellbeloved we greet you well. Whereas wee are informed 
from our Univerfity of Cambridge, that leverall of their rights and priviledges 
(which they have heretofore enjoyed by charter and cuflomej have in thefe late 
yeares of publick diflra£lion been intrenched upon by our towne of Cambridge, and 
fome of the officers thereto belonging, particularly the right of fetting up the foie 
publick beame for the weighing of hops and other things ot great bulk in Sturbridge 
faire, which did anciently belong to the faid Univerfity and their officers, and 
which as we are informed (befides other evidences) appeares by the zQs of your 
court regiftred in the mayoralty of Mr. Foxton. Now wee being defirous to keepe 
a good correfpondence between our faid Univerfity and towne, and that either 
body ffiould enjoy their juft rights, have thought fitt to rcqucfl you to permitt our 
Univerfity and their officers (till you fliall fhew fufficient caufe to the contrar}') to 
enjoy without difturbance the aforefaid right of fole weighing fuch hops as (hall 
be ibuld at Sturbridge faire, together with all other their anticnt priviledges. And 
upon notice fliall be carefuU, that no intrenchment bee made upon any of thofe 
rights which you may juftly claime. Given under our fjgnet manuell at our court 
at Whitehall the thirtieth day of Auguft in the twelfth yeare of our reigne. 

To our trufiy and wellbeloved William Morrlce. 

the mayor and aldermen of 
the towne of Cambridge. 

Concordat in originali. 
The original was delivered to Examinat per nos 

Mr. John Ewen, mayor, Will. Dillyngham Procur. 

by me Maith. Whenn. Joan. Gardneu Procur. alt. 

Matth. White, not. pub. 

From Tabor's book, p. 728. 
Eliz. The mayor keq)S Barnwell and Sturbridge fair for 36 days. Sturbridge 
fruin Bartholomew to Holy croffe. Barnwell morefolito. 

Liber privilegior' burgi. 
From The Great Black Book it ajipears that the old cry (or proclamation) at 
Styrebridge fayre was much different from what it is now. 


O F S T U II n R I D G E F A 1 R. ■ 25 

N** XIIT; 

Quod Vicecomcs capiet p"'turbatores feriae Barnewellciifis five 
fcolares iint live de communitate villas. 

] • i8 Ric! IL 

REX vicecoiti Cantebi"' falutem. Cum nuper de gra nra fpeciali et de avi- 
lainto confilii liri concefferimus et .p. cartam iiram confiniiaverinius ^ nobis et hsere- 
dib* nris dileSis nobis in Chriilo priori et couv' de Bernewell qd ipfi et fuccelTores 
fui imppetuum habeant quandam feriam apud Bernewell fingulis annis p 14" dies 
duratur', viz. p 7 dies ^x fequent' eodem die computato cum omnib' libeitatibus 
€t confuetudiriib' ad hu}ufm:' feriam ptiacnt' dura tamen feria ilia noii fit ad no- 
cumentum vicinarum feriarum j)Ut m carta nra prced' plenius continetur jaiiXj 
prsefati prior et conv' nobis intimaverint qd tam plures de coicate villas Cantebi' 
quam de univerfitate ejufd' villas in congregationib' et conventiculis iljicicis ad 
feriam prsd' venire et eal'd' priorera et conv' quo minus ipfi hujufm' feriam fuam 
ibm juxta concefljonem nram pra^d' habere valeaat ijnpedice intendunt manifefte. 
Nos, qui univerfis et fingulis ligeis nris tam majorib' quam minorib' equalis judex 
et oportunus ^reftor fore aflringimur vinculo juraraenti, volentes -tam indempnitati 
ipforum prioris et conv' ac inviolabili falvatioui omnium jurium fuor' eis pdiftam 
concefllonem nram incumbemium quatn iHrefic obfervationi pads nr^ quam ubiq 
confovere renemur jDfpicere, ac tranfgreflbres ei delinquentes in bac parte (fi qui 
fuerint) cunti rigore juftitice caftigave ct dcbite cohercerc. Tibi priEcipimiis dif- 
tridtius quo polTumus injungentes qd <ppter bonum pacis et evkationem periculo- 
rum qute ligeis nris prcediclis feriam pr^d' decenter confluentib' et metu et raalicia 
hujufm' congregationum" et conventiculor' terribiliter evenire poflit apud villam 
de Bernewell tempore ferine pra'd' pfonalitcr accedas et ibm ^clamari ec taliter 
ordin2 i facias ne quis cvijufcunq' ilatus, gradus, feu facultatis fuerit aliqua hujufm* 
conventicula et congregationes illicita in eadem feria ullo colore facere, diccre, vel 
inere prffifumat clam vel palam p qu:E pax nra ledi feu populus nofter pturbari 
aut folitus concurfus populi hri ad feriam prird' impedire poterint quovifmodo, 
univerfos ct fmgulos quos in hac parte delinquentes invenire potcris arellans et 
carccrali cuftodie committens in ead' ialvo cuftodlend' quoufq ^ eorum delibe- 
ratione aliter duxerimus demandand'. Tefie me ipfo apud Weilm' 12° die Julii 
anno rcgni iiri 18". >J< Ex rot' clauf de anno iS° regis ilici II. niembr' 3 indorf 
in lurr' Lond'. 

* D N° XiV. 



N" XIV. 

Cuflom and toll due in the time of Sturbridge Fair for divers- 
wares brought thither* 

For every cade of red herrings at the lying, i. 

For I GO of ling, 6' 
For every loo of wabboks ling, . 4 

For every 100 of codds, 4 

For every 100 of wabboks codds, 2 

For every heap of fi(h to be retailed laid upon a matt of the old affizc, 2 

Of every jiile of cured fifli for ground age, 4 
Of grindeftones every foot, 

Of every perfon that recaileth foap, for his ftandlng in the fair,, 2 

Of every hundred wainfcot, 8 

Of every dicker of leather, 2 

Of every 100 calf- n<ins, 4 

Of every 100 fheep-fkins, 2 
For groundage of every load of pales, Ihovels, pack-faddles, cart-faddles, and 

goddends, 4 

Of every great falt-flone, 2 
Of every bu[hel of muftard feed. 

Of every load of ba/kets, farms fkepps leeper and fuch other, 4 

Of every ftranger felling frefhwater fifli in kemblin, I 

Of every cart load of oifters for cart and {landing, 4 

Item a barrel of ofmonds, 2 

Item a barrel of pitch, 2 

Item a barrel of tar, 2 

Item a barrel of herrings, 2 

Item a barrel of cork for dying, 2 

Item for every barrel of cured fifb,; Z 

Item a barrel of falmon, 4 

Item a barrel of oil, 4 

Item a barrel of honey, 4 

Item of flurgeon a barrel, 4 

Item a barrel of fope, 4 

Item a barrel of eels, 4 

Item a barrel of birdlime, 4 



O F S T U R B R I D G E r A I R. «7 

Item cart laden uith poles, i 

Of every cart loadeii with heboldines, i 

Of every horfe with a wombtye loaden, ■§• 

Of every cart loaden with beyondfca claphold, 2 

Item 100 of beyondfca ■> iaphold for groundage* 1 

Of every cart loaden v.:'.':. Englifh claphold and lying down, 2 

Of every horfe fold, i 

Of every load of kobboldynes for groundage, i 

Of every cart loaden with faggots, befides the fall penny, i 

Of every cart loaden with fmiths coals, 2 

Of every cart loaden with timber, 2 

Of every cart loaden with Uuhes, 2 

Of every cart loaden with boards, z 

Of every cart loaden with cheefe, 2 

Of every load of boards, hurdles, fpokes, and lathes, for groundage, 2 

Of every load of hewn timber, for groundage, 2 

Of every fodder of lead, for groundage, 2 

Of every cart or wayne loaden with lead, for groundage, 2 

Of every load of iron, for groundage if he hath no booth, 2 

Of every cart loaden with iron, for laying down, 2 

Of every cart loaden with hayres, a 

Of evety cart loaden with fackcloath, z 
Of every cart loaden with any manner of merchandize then aforefaid, at lying 

dovvn befide the groundage, 2 

Of every cart or wayne loaden with nails, at lying down, 2. 

Of every perfon felling nails, for groundage, 6 

Of every keel or boat that beareth a helm, as oft as he cometh, 2. 

Of every keel or boat that beareth no helm, as oft as he cometh, I 

Of every heap of coals, _ 4 

Of every cart loaden with merchandize dilcharged at Barnwell, a 
Of every cart charged with merchandize at Barnwell other than the inhabitants' 

goods of Cambridge, coming from Barnwell to the fair and there difcharge i 
Of every cart charged with the inhabitants' goods at Cambridge or at Barnwell 

and difcharged at the fair, f 

Of every cart loaden with merchandize or wayne goying out of the fair, 2 

* D a N" XV. 


N' XV. 

Styrbrydge Fayre, anno 1553^ Reg. Mar. i\ 

From the MS. library of Bene't CoU. Cambridge. 

N° 32. 

Aftre our hartie comendacions; wheras contrary to certain privileges grauntecf 
by the kings majeftie and his noble progenitours unto his univerfitie of Cambridge 
oone John Daye and Stepban Rolandfon wardens of the crafce and miflery of the 
Pewterers within the citie of London, have put in a certaine information wnh you 
in the king's courte of Thexcheker agaift John Meare oone of the bedells for 
the univerfitie of Cambridge for certaine pewter feafed unto the king's ufe at the 
lift Sturbrid-;e feare, his hignefs' pleafure is that you proceade no further to judge- 
ment therein, but luffre the fame to ftay and hange untill his majeftie's will be 
further knowne, and thefe ihall be your fufEcient warrant for the fame. Fare you 
well, from the king's majiities' palace of Weflminfter the 22 of November 1550. 

Your loving frend. 

This fent to the barons of th'Excheqiier from the counfayl. 

Item another to the promoters ut infra bi the fame counfaylors. 

In termino Stl Mictis anno nii'' Regn' Edv. Vl". 

Mem' quod Johannes Daye Sc Stephanus Rovvlandfon gardiani artis miflere de 
lez Pewterers civitatis London' venerunt coram baronib' hujus Atccarii xix" die 
Oftobris hoc termino in propriis perfonis fuis et facramentum prefiiterunt corpo- 
rale, quod ipfi decimo die Septerabris ultimo pretent' apud Barnwell in com* 
Cant' in apertis nundinis ibidem tunc tentis vocat' Sturbridge feyer feifiverunt et 
ad opus dni regis et ipforum Johannis Daye et Stephani Rawlandfon arreftarunt 
diverfas pecias ele^ri ad tunc ibidem operati in falinis, oUis, et cooperioriis pro ollis 
4 viz. 


viz. XXXV falinas vocal' holowe fakes ac tres ollas vocat' quarte pottcs et unam 
ollam vocat' a pynte potte ponderant' in toto xxm ];. valor' cujuflibet lib' inde 
iiid. ot5. de bonis et catt' cujufdam Johannis Warrene Pewterer ct ix cooper- 
toriis pro oUis ponderan' unam lib' et quatern unius librat' val' in toto iiii S. de 
bonis et catallis cujufdam Henrici Browne Pewterer pro eo quod faline, oUe, er 
coopertoria predifta deceptive fa6le, fufe, et operate fuerunt de infufficient' nie- 
tallo eledtri multo fubtus bonitat' metalli eledri fafti, fuli, et operati in civitate 
London contra formam ftaluti in hujufmodi cafu inde nuper edit' et provif. Quo- 
rum pretextu iidem Johannes Daye et Stephanus fuerunt tunc ibidem de falinis, 
ollis, et coopertoriis prediftis ad opus prediftum polTeflicnati. Et ipfi fie inde pof- 
fcffionati exiftentes poftea viz. xi die Septembris apud Barnwell predictam venit 
quidam Johannes Mere al'. Meres de villa Cantebrig' ad tunc unus bedellorurn 
univeiTitatis Cantabr' una cum quam pluribus aliis fibi aggregatis vi et armis ac 
diftas falinas, ollas, et coopertoria extra manus et pofTeflionem dni regis et ipforum 
Johannis Daye et Stephani cepit et refcuffit, et voluntatem fuam inde fecit in con- 
temptu dni regis ac contra leges fuas, unde predi<Sti Johannes Daye et Stepl'anus 
Rowlandfon pctunt avis. Curiae in preraiffis. Ac quod prediftus Johannes Mere 
al' Meres veniat hie ad refpondendam dno regi tarn de contemptu prediflo quam 

de bonis prediflis. Ac quod iidem Johannes Daye et Stephanus Rowlandfon «• 

eorundem bonovum habere valeant juxta formam flatuti predifli. 

^■° 34- 

Edvvardus Sextus Dei gratia Anglie, Francic, et Hiberni^ Rex, Fidel Defenfor, 
et in terra Ecclefias Anglicante et Hibernicae fupremum caput Vic' Cant' falutem. 
Precipimus tibi quod non omittas propter aliquara liTDertatem quin venire facias 
coram baronibus de faccario noftro apud Weftmonall' in Oftavis Sti Hillarii 
Johannem Merc alias Meres de villa Cant' nuper unuhi bedell' univerfitatis Cant* 
ad refpondendum nobis de diverfis falinis et aliis rebus de infufEcient' metallo elec- ■ 
tri operatis nuper ad Johannem Deye et Stephanum Rowlandfon gardianos artis 
de lez Pevvterers London ad opus noftrura certis de caufis tanquam forisfad' perti> 
nent' nuper feift et arreftat' ac in manibus et pofleflione ipfius Johannis Mere ad 
opus nofirum cuftodiend'- demifs' aut de pretio five valore inde, unde nobis nondum 
eft refponfum, et habeas' ibi tunc hoc breve. T. Rogero Cholmeley mil' apud 
Vi'eflm' xii° die Novcmbris anno regni noltri quinto. 



N' 55. 

'Wheras thuniverfitic of Cambrige have bi the king's itiajeftle aiid other his 
"tloble pvogenitours charters ainong other things the viewe, ferche, correif>ion, and 
fbrfcture of all pewter that comyth to Sturbrige fayr unmerchantable, and youe 
J<chn Dave and Stephan Rowlandfon intermedled with the ferche therof, clayming 
the moytie of all fbche pewter as ther was fownd forfeted, and being therof de- 
nyed have put in to the kings majeflie's court of thefchekyr for the recovery of 
the fiiydc moytie an information agaynfl: John Mere one of the bedels for the fayd 
univerfiiie and the officer appoynted with other for the ferche therof aforfayd. 
The king's majeftie's pleafure is for faving of the fayd privileges that youe pro- 
cede no further thcrin, bm fuffcr the fame to rtaye and hang untyl his majeftie's 
wyll be 'further knowen, and this (hall be your fufficicnt warrant for the fame. 
Fare ye wel, from the King's Palace of Weflm' ye xxi Nuvemb' 1550, 

Your lovyng Frends. 

"Edw. Somerfet. T. Cant. J. Warwike. J. Bedford. "W. Worthe. Ed. Clynto. 
W.Paget. T.Ely. Th.Cheyne. 

Mem. that Mrs. Fan and Branfoye wer joyned with Mr. Mere and Mr. Shir- 
wood in ferche at this tayer. 

Mr. Mery's cofls to difcharge the Pewterers enformatlon. 

Spent in his jornye-xvS. 11 ^f. 

Unde allowed of the townfmen towards his chargys xviis. 1 3. and rec. herof 
of thuniverfitic raoneye at London xl §. 14 Novera. an. 1550. 

At this ferche of pewter the aldermen of the Pewterers wer inhibited ther 
ferche bi the ferchcrs of the univerfitie and town, but at length agreed to ferche 
joyntly. 10 Sept. 

Mem. That the wardens of the Pewterers of London ceafing the pewter wer 
refcued bi J. Mere bedel and the towns men, and toke from them the pewter for- 
feted, wheruppon thei fued the fayd J. Merc in the eickekyr, he fought to the 
counfayl for redrefs to the confirmation of the univerfitie's privileges, and optayn« 
ed their letters to the wardens chargyng them to ceafe of their futc. 
To ihe chargis wer the baylyes contributorye. 

li" 36. 

F-. S;T U.R BR I. D G E. F A I R» ^i 

Thus receyved bl the Bedel and the- Townfmen aod partly found by promoters. 

Rychard Lylye of Stow of Thold in Gloffeterfliere hathe put to fale ^,T 

contrary to the llatute vii peces of weldie frefe and hathe paid 
for his fyne to Draper the partye that fued xx s, and for the 
quenes parte . . . - :: •;;;! n- .- ' • ykln, 

Receyved of Mr. Caree. of Bryflow for ;icv pece§ of kariey, put tp-;^- ,t, 
' fale contrarye to the ftatute . . . . •js'^'r. > •-.lyi.T j^j^ifjt.:'.. 

And off Maye for felts forfeited , . , . / . ,vs;iiir3. 

Receyved of Tho. Mate for 11 l^arfeys aud i frcfa " . ' xxx s. 

Receyved of Mr. Ryngfted for e'sphaunge olde fylver and from John 
Holls XXV s. wheregf Tho. Gardenc;- the promoter h^d xx s. and 
vs. for the quene.. , , ,, • 

Receyved of Thomas Daye for n\ peces pf karfeye put to fale cpn- 

trarye to the adl andfeafed fgr the quene , . . xxx.s.. 

Receyved of the 11 Str£aches anc^ Bowldgr: of . Wa:yjsi\.:for clothes 

forfeyred .. . . / x'.-r ■■■• ->.'r.^-!~' • x s. 

Receyved of the Wardens of the Pewterers for pewter forfeited viii s. iiu 3< 

Receyved of Smythe Tv/yffyn and Had(lack for •■-..;:. i-i ?•. vni4.,., 

Receyved of Mr. Cdxe of Bryftow for VIII peceo. »,„ = .j;i xi;-s»..f-. r-. -^i 

Receyved of Mr. Chambers Habberdaslher for a; ^ri;r,:!Gappe fold-^.i : . 
Receyved of.Mn Kytchyn Goldfmith for .bying.6 qf. ^(i<9;^j -Lt/iJ '-. ^ ?•;:;•.■■' > i.c_' 
Receyved of Mr. Hamlett for mattrefles forfey ted T ' vs. "'"'"' 

Receyved of Geo. Alys for the lyke . . vs». 

At the bottom of the page it] a different hand are the three following Items^ 
which feem to be the difburfements of the taxors. 

Item for the woman for the fewing . . li s. 

Item paid Wyltm Gf£ng&for,a capp«.. .5.^^,^^ . ,.^^ lis. ilii cL . 

item for our chargys at the fay re '»■ "" '^ i •• x s. 

N« 37, 


K^ 37. 

" 'Styrbr' Fay^e 1555. 

'Imprimis, Rec' of RoBt Putman of Stafford towne ' -; I XL s. ' 

■It. of Thorns Duffyld of London for karfeys and cotons . xxx s. 

It. of Mr. Kempe for XXI karfeys . . ' , - ^ XL s. 

It. of Mr. Ingledew of London for x pec' frefe . • • vs. 

It. of Huffeye for frefes ■, .' i, (^ ^ymC mis. 

It. of Richard Tayler draper ^ • , :>'.:}tL.1 ^h iii s. rili^d'. 

It. of the Pewterers . - . - « h^tijluii : 11 s. X 3. 

It. of Mayat for unfealed karfeyes i .^ ■■-r- ^ xii s. 

It. of Mr. Myllys for 11 brode clothes i • xii s. iiii S, 

It. of Mr. Torkynton for V karfeyes •* .ii.cii^ .*,..; us. viii 3. 

It. of Mr. Lute for VI karfeyes • » ; ■ vs. 

It. of Whvpps Draper of London >. jiiiolay* ins. -H 

It. of Mr. Care of Briftowe . , b:qib' . xx d. ; vj 

It. of Mr. Lee for III yards brode clothe i-'^^'- •-• . v I. xi'cf.:' -I 

It, of Pynchbeck and Jackman for fether beds • ■• xin s. -ini a. 

It. of John Maffeye for III packs of frefe ~. . xriiS.' .ii«3» 

It. of Mr. Sprat for karfeys . . . .vs. -iv ,,_.. 

It. to the chapell keepers and attendinge on the beame and fkals;) ."liVi ^0 b37\(3D3H 
Mem. that Mr. Fletcher hathe remayninge in his bands of Mr.TIudrdn'sofJ^en^r 
don I remnente of brode clothe of iii yards fave a-nayle not yet dev^yded. ■' t j--: • - 

. •? ;v1iot Eolb-jWnr,-; "ot :?J3lmfiH .I .-paaH 




B Pv I T A N N I C A. 



.S3M uion ,;.-!>i...; 


' 'The History and Antiquities of 
BAW S TB:D, In the County of Suffolk. 

tijiiiju J.> iiLii J. 

[Fiice Nine Shillings.] j 

AMONG th(i varlaus Labours of Literary Men, there have always 
been certain Fragments whofe Size could not fecure them a general 
Exemption from the Wreck of Time, which their intrinfic Merit entitled 
them to furvive ; but, having been gathered up by the Curious, or thrown 
Into Mlfcellaneous CoUcclions by Bcoklellers, they have been recalled into 
Exigence, and by uniting together have defended themfelves from Oblivion. 
Original Pieces have been called into their Aid, and formed a Phalanx that 
might wlthftand every Attack from the Critic to the Cheefemonger, and 
contributed to the Ornament as well as Value of Libraries. 

With a fimilar view it is here intended to prelent the Publick with fome 
valuable Articles of British Topography, from printed Books and MSS. 
One Part of this Colledion will confiftof Re-publications of fcarce and va- 
rious Tracts ; another of fuch MS. Papers as the Editors are already 
poflefled of, or may receive from their Friends. 

It is therefore .propofed to publifh a Number occafionally, not confined 
to the fame Price or Quantity of Sheets, nor ahvays adorned with Cuts; 
but paged in fuch a Manner, that the general Articles, or thofe belonging 
to the refpecfllve Cduiitles, may form a feparate Succeffion, if there (hould 
be enough publiflied, to bind in fuitable Clafles ; and each Traft will be 
completed in a'ungle Nvmiber. 

Into this Colledlon all Communications confiftcnt with the Plan will 
be received with Thanks. And as no Correlpondent will be denied the 
Privilege of controverting the Opinions of another, fo none will be denied 
Admittance without a fair and impartial Reafon. 

*;)(;.* This Number contains Four Plates; one of them, the Portrait of 
Mifs D R U R Y, may be had feparately, Price is. 



O F 

H A W S T E D, 

In the County of SUFFOLK. 

By the Rev. Sir J O H N C U L L U M, Bart. F.H. and A. SS. 







D V E 11 T I S E M E N T. 

^X^IIE Compiler of the following pages cannot lay them before 
-»- .the Public, without exprefling a wifli, that he could have 
rendered them lefs unworthy of its notice. His materials, as 
thofe of an individual muft be, were, though not fcanty, yet 
ckfedlive in many particulars, and at various periods ; nor dares 
he be confident, that of thofe which he poffefled the bell ufe 
has been always made. Several little circumftances and hints 
may have efcaped his attention, which others perhaps would have 
feized, and happily applied ; and fome of his conclufions may be 
poflibly thought lefs accurately deduced. He is certain, however, 
of his defign, which is that of contributing his j^ittance towards 
the innocent amufement, and happinefs, of fome of his fellow- 
creatures. To this purpofe, he has not contented himfelf with 
tracing the revolutions of property, with drawing out gene- 
alogies, and giving a lift of the recflors of the church ; but has 
interfperfed, wherever he was able, fketches of ancient life and 
manners; happy, if in his rambles and refearches as a Topo- 
graphical Hiftorian, he can allure into his company the Moral 
I'lulolbpher, and make him the affociate of his journey. He 
hopes, he has not been entirely difappointed in his views ; and 
that the Reader of the following compilation will be induced 
by it to fet a proper value upon his being born in the eighteenth 
century, dittinguiilied above all that preceded it by equal and well 

A 3 executed 


executed laws, by civil and religious liberty, and a general civi- 
lization and philanthropy. It is not indeed prefumed, that the 
following Eflay can be fufficient to fet this truth in its full light ; 
ail to which it can pretend is, to fcatter a few rays upon it ; but 
a County Hiftory, conduced on the fame plan, would difplay it 
in all its fplendor. , 

It may not perhaps be improper to add a few words concern- 
ing the order and diftribntion of this work. The firft place was 
thought due to Natural Hiftory, oji account of the divine origin 
of the objects which it embraces. The fecond was affigned to 
the Church, as involving many particulars of a facred and re- 
ligious nature. The proprietors of land, and its cultivation, fell 
of courfe into the third and fourth. Had the Compiler obferved, 
that l^is precurfors in this walk, had been unanimous in the ar- 
rangement of their materials, he would not have ventured to 
deviate from that plan ; but, as that did not appear to be the cafe, 
he thought nimfelf at liberty to adopt fuch a method as feemed 
to him mofl proper. 

On the oppofite page are correded fome typographical errors, 
which fliould not have appeared, if a nearer refidence to the prefs 
had given an opportunity of a repeated corredlion of the proof- 
flieets. There remain unnoticed fome few feeming inconfiftencies 
in orthography, which arofe from the Compiler's adopting that of 
the Books or MSS. which happened to lie before him at the time 
of tranfcribing. 

Hardvvick-Houfe, T f^ 

a6 July, 1784; .... J* *^' 

t vii ] 


T. 3. 1, i. before /outi infert, the. P. 4. I. 21. tad, ferfoliata. P. 9. 1. 19. after //y</.mfert, pf. 
P. 27. 1. II. after BeaJs infeit, 2. 1. 16. expunge, 2. P. 77. 1. 7. read, 1647. P. 87. 1. 12. 
expunge, el i a lofci. in note 4. read, fumma. P. 95. 1. 20. for two read, eki'en. P. 101. 1. 8. 
read, Lifc-eJIate. P, 116. note i. read, 17. Note 3. 1, 1. for or read, for. P. iig. at the end 
of note I. read, 324. P. 134, 1. 20. read. Panels. P. 136. note 2. read, achie'vcmcnt. P. 139. 
1. 24. after ^/a^r^^ infert, and. P. 164. 1.6. after as infert, of. P. 174. 1. 10. read achievements. 
P. 182. 11. II, 14, read, Siligo. P. 184. 1, 4. md, Bujlnli. Note 2. 1. i. read, numbers. P. 3107. 
1. 7. read, average. 

Directions to the Binder. 

Plate I. The Church to face page 41. 
Plate II. Portrait of Mifs Drury, to face page 146. 
Plate III. Seals, to face page 156. 
Plate IV. The Portable Altar, to face page 142. 
The Pedigrees of the Cloptons, the Drurys (which confifls of four 
parts), and the Cullums, are all properly paged. 

S. VL r, • • ,'[ 5 O 3 

.£1 .1 .^2 .1 .-i-5i ,bssi .^ .1 .i;^ .1 .t ,3gftiiqx9 .di .1 .s .rolai JcMiZL wJiK .ii .f .^s /' 

.3 .1 .sot .'I .\:vy,\% fbRi-i owv lot .os-.l .JP...1 .Raa«i^itM:n 4 ^Jon ni .Vl\yX^ i ^^^^ ,ss.rrji:jjj. 

ilia 3i^2 ;■;; .on .1 .-u^ ,f)r,ji -^o i )l ,i .i .? sk.M .\i ,b«i .i :xoi;,<3ii .'i .vxiAi-iViA ,bBst 

Ai ,b£aT .1 3Jon .ojj . ' '^1 .Ijsj-i .os;.I .aji .'I .^.sj ,bF/. : . i '*o 

. : .1 .^.-i .'I :■■. .Ti^: .').' .Oi .'[ ' iVi^a ,Ji3>nr.i.?- 

. .. .1 A .:. t' ., .1 .ft-yii'd ^i;yi 

o] fblUflO ;rl r .! 

'.o a.fiiMOO ilDrrfw) 8!^;i;jfl J srki ^2mci'1oj3 srij ^o £ti3igib3T ai L 

[ I ] 

H A W S T E D. 

C H A P.\ 1. 


HAWS TED, in Domefday book Haldfted ', is diftant from 
Bury St. Edmund's, in the county of Suffolk, between 3 
and 4 miles to S.W; and from London about 70 to N.E. It is 
fituated in the Hundred of Thingo, in the archdeaconry of 
Sudbury, and diocefe of Norwich ; and furrounded by the vil- 
lages of Nowton, Great Welnetham, Lawfhall, Whepfted and 
Horningiheath. The bounds pafs through the north and fouth 
doors of Nowton church. It frequently happens in crowded 
towns, and fometimes even in the country, that private houfes 
are fo lituated as to have fome part at leaft of the perambulat- 
ing cavalcade, pafs through them : but for a facred building in 

' In Haldfteda . xxviri . libi homioes de . iiii . c tra . 7 Odo ten& . i . car 

7 duo clerici . Alboldus & petrus . 11 . c . 7 Agenetus . xx . ac sep in . uitt . 

& XXI .Bor . Sep. xin . c.&.ii ..feru . 7.XVI .ac pti. Silua de.iii .pore. 

Hi pot dar & uend tr.f& sac 7 foe 7 com reman Sco.Sep uat iiii. 

lib.Ecta de xxx ac liBe inlong.viii .qr. 7 .vi . in lat.& inget 

XIII . d. 7 oboJ. 

Domefday Book, Fol. 358. a. 

B the 


the country to be thus circumftanced, is, I beUeve, very unufual '. 
Upon the bounds to S. W. grew fome years ago a majeftic tree, 
called the Go/pel Qak : it flood on an eminence, and commanded 
an extcnllve prolpcLT:. Under the fliade of this the clergyman 
and his parifliioners ufetl to ftop in their annual perambulations, 
and, furveying a condderable extent of a fruitful and well-cul- 
tivated country, repeat fome prayers proper for the occalion. 

Domefday book fays this parifh contains 13 carucates, or 
about 1300 acres ; and is 8 furlongs long and 6 broad. In both 
thefe particulars it is much beneath the truth: it contains about 
2000 acres; and if we double the length and breadth, we fliali 
approach nearer its real dimenfions. 

The furface of the ground is diverfiiied with thofe gentle in- 
equalities fo pleafing to the eye, and in this country fo favour- 
able to agriculture. The foil is a light-coloured ftrong loam, bj 
Nature fertile in paftures and timber; and by cultivation, pro- 
ducing plentifully every vegetable for the ufe and pleafure of 
man which the- climate will permit. The oak, afli, and maple, 
are the predominant timber-trees ; and thefe are probably the 
only original natives. The lime, fycomore, poplar, broad and 
narrow-leaved elm, beach, walnut-tree, Scotch and fpruce fir, 
oriental and occidental plane-trees (of which only the poi^lar,. 
beach, Scotch fir and ehus ' are indigenous of Great Britain),, 
tlirive as well as if they were the natural produce of the place» 
The plane-trees deferve fome notice, efpecially the firft fort, 
which is a native of the Levant, was cultivated near ancient 
Rome with an excefs of fondnefs, and introduced into England 

• There was a chapel on a bridge in Drokvvich, Worcefterfhire, through which 
the high tuiiipiUe-ioad pafTcd, till within a very few years; aiui the congregation 
luting on one lide of tlje king's way, heard the preacher from his pulpit on the 
othtr. The congregation obtained leave to take the chapel down about 1763, on 
condition of building another in a better fituation ; but this, like other public 
works, was fo badly executed of brick, that it is almoll ufclefs already. Nath's 
Wore. I. 529. 

It has been doubted whether the narrow- leaved elm be a native of England. 
Sec Mr. Barringion in I'hil. Traiil'. i7''J9; vol. LIX. art. 5. 

3 i>y 

Chap. I.] OFHAWSTED. 3 

by lord Bacon, who died in 1627. There are three of them on 
rather a dry fpot a little to fouth of the Place : the largeil is 9 
feet 10 inches in circumference at 3 feet above the ground ; the 
others are not much fmaller : all of them at the height of about 
8 feet divide into branches, which fpread every way near 20 
feet from the trunk. The original ones at Gorhambury are now 
no more: thefe are probably not much their juniors, nor ex- 
ceeded by many in England. One of the latter fort, not far 
from the others, and alio on an elevated fpot, has fiiot up to the 
height of about 60 feet, with a ftrait round ftem that meafures 
6| feet in circumference at 3 feet above the ground. It is a brit- 
tle tree, its branches being frequently fliattered by the wind. 
This, fays Mr. Evelyn, who calls it the Weft-Indian plane, and 
who wrote his difcourfe of foreft-trees in 1662, is not altoge- 
ther fo rare as the other : yet Johnfon, who republillied Ge- 
rarde's Herbal in 1636, mentions only the firft fort; of which 
one or two young ones were then growing with Mr. Tradefcant. 
Some wild cherry-trees (Primus Avium) have alfo thriven in a 
hedge-row near the Place to a confiderable fize : one about 40 
feet high meafures 5 feet in circumference at 3 feet above the 
ground. Some apple orchards thrive well; and cyder is fome- 
times made, but not excellent. But even the beft liquor of that 
kind would be very ill relilhed by the common people in this 
barley-bearing county. 

To thefe more majeftic produ6lions of vegetation is fubjoined 
a lift of thole of more humble growth. Some of them are me- 
dicinal; fome rare; and few of them perhaps fo common as to 
be found in all parts of the kingdom. Whatever they be, they 
form part of that gay robe with which the earth is invefted : 
and though we may not be able to difcover all their ufes, at leaft 
they are too beautiful and various to be trampled on unheeded. 

Great wild Valerian {J'^alcriana of.') \\\ moift fliady places. 
Wild Teafel {Tilpfacui Fulhnum fylv.') 1 . 1 j . . 
Small wild Teal'el {DipjlKus plojus) J ^ » ' 

■i 2 Little 


Little Field Madder {Sherard'm arnj^ in corn. 

Woodroof {^Afpifiila odorata) \\\ Ihady places* 

Gronnvell (^Litho/permiini c^.) by the road-fides. 

Moneywort (^L,yftmachiti numi/iulariii) in, moill places. 

Snge-leaved black Mullen {yerbafciun nignini) by the road-fides.. 

The greater Periwlncle {I'lnca majar^ in hedges. 

Deadly Nightdia^Ie {^Airopa Bdiadonna) in hedges^ 

Great Throatwort {C(;;/«/)^««/rf TracbeliuDi) in hedges^ 

Autumnal Gentian {Gcntia7m Amarella) in paftures. 

Sanicle {Samcula JLiiropiea) in woods. 

Thorough- wax {Bupknrum rottind'ifohuni) in corn. 

Wild Angelica {/Ingelica fyheftris^ \\\ woods. 

Baflard Stone-Parfley {S'ljbn Ainomiwi) in hedges. 

Earth Nut {Btiniui'n Bulbocajianum) in pafi;ures. 

Water Hemlock {Phellandrium aquaticum). 

Great Burnet Saxifrage {Pimpinclld major) in woods. 

Purging Flax {L'lnum Calbart'icwn^ in pallures. a ■ 

Mo\.\ittai\ (ATyoJhrus m/'/i/wus^ in paftures. . - ,^;. 

Chequered. Daffodil, or Fritillary {FritiUaria Melcagris)\n. meadow's,. ' 

Meadow Saffi'on {Colchiciimautumnale) in meadows. 

Yellow Centaury (Chlora ptifoliatd) in paftures. 

White Sengreen {Saxifraga grmndatd) in paftures. 

Night-flowering Catch- fly (Sdene noEiifiora) in corn. 

Orpine, or Live-long {Ssdiim Telephhtm') in paftures. 

Wood Sorrel (0.\udis acetofelld). 

Agrimony (^Agr'nnonia R'lpaloriiun') in hedges. 

\\ ild Larkfpur {Ddphinium Confol'.dci) in corn. 

Common Columbines {_Ajuiiegia vu/gS) in hedges. 

Great Baftard Hellebore (^H ikborns fcctidus') in woods. 

Crefted Cow-wheat {jSlelampyriun cr'ijlatuvi) in woods and paftures. 

Wild Succory {Cichorium Intybus) by the road-fides. 

Dwarf Carliiic Thiftle (Carduiis acatilos) in paftures. 

Ploughman's Spikenard (Coniza fquarroji}') m hedges. 

Panfies, or Heart's-eafe {Viola "Tricolor) in corn. 

Green Man-orchis (Opbrjs Antkropopbora) on dry grafty banks. 

Bee Orclils {Opbrys apijera') in paftures. 

Burnet {^Poicrium Jangu'ijorbd) in paftures. 

Croiwort, or Mugweed (J^'^alanlia cruciatd) in hedges. 

Rough Horfe-tail, or Shave- grafs (Eqiitfetuin byemale) in woods. 

Adder's Tongue {ppbiogloj/um •vidgalmn) in paftures. 

Mart's Tongue {_Ajplenium Scolopendiuni) in fr.adv hedges. 


Chap. I.] OF HAW S T E D. 5 

White Maiden-hair (^AJplcn'um Ruta muraria) on the church, and old 

walls about the Place. 
Male and female Polypody {Folypodium Mas et Fern.') in fhady hedges. 
Morel {PhaUui ejculentus) in fliady places. 
Crimfon Cup Peziza {Pe%iza cocdma) on half-rotten flicks in fliady 


Beneath the upper coat of black vegetable mould, produced 
by cultivation, and the fucceffive decay of vegetables, appears the 
natural foil, a light-coloured loam, which the natives call a 
clay '. Of this are made threfliing-fioors, now not much ufed 
for wheat ; as alfo a good mortar, or daubing^ for the walls of 
houfes ; fo that if bricks were made here, as they ufed to be, 
there would be few fpots that produce more matenals towards 
building a comfortable cottage for a poor man. At about 10 
feet deep the loam' becomes of a very deep blue colour, and fo 
continues for about 30 feet, beyond which I believe the pick-ax 
has not reached; for there are no wells in the higher fpots of 
the village. In both thefe Ih-ata are found fmall fnake-ftones 
(Helmintholithiis Ammonites)^ crow-ftones (Helmintholithus Gryphi- 
tcs), and fmall irregular fragments of chalk almofc as hard as 
lime-ftone. Of gravel, there is but little; and that fine, and 
greafy, good neither for the roads, nor garden walks. 

Some pretty rivulets wind through the meadows ; and fprings 
fife indifcrirainately in the higheft and loweft grounds. T'/je 
Place, that Hands higb, is fupplied by a fpring that rifes fiill 
higher at feme diflance from it : and in a low part of the lane 
tliat leads from the Green towards Whepfccd, is another that rifes 
to a level with the road : it had formerly a margin of free-ilone, 
part of which ftill remains infcribc<i ; 

Ir i3 cert-iinly, properly fpc.iking, nor a cby, bfing t!iickly interfperfed with 
little ncdi'.ies of challi, and coiifcqu-ntly elFervclciisg with acids. 



Jacob's well. 
Empty the fea, 
And empty me. 

Its boaft is not a vain one ; for it was never exhauftcd during 
the late fuccellion of remarkably dry fummers. Near a farm- 
houfe at Finford Endy which ftands in a valley, nearly on a le- 
vel with the laft, when a well was dug in 1780, water was not 
found till the depth of 36 feet. At fiich very unequal depths 
are thefe little fubterraneous currents difperfed. 

The Land Rail, that fcarce, and delicate bird, is found here in 

The air, it fliould ieem, is falubrious, there being no marfhes 
nor ftagnating waters to load it with noxious vapours. Nor are 
the inhabitants fubje(5t to any particular maladies. They are re- 
markably free from coughs : and while the places of worfhip in 
the metropolis refound with the labouring lungs of the audi- 
ences, in this church 

No coughing drowns the parfon's faw. 

Why they are free from this diforder, no better reafon can per- 
haps be given, than that they take no pains to guard againft it. 
Even in winter, one of the church-doors often ftands open dur- 
ing the whole fervice, no one thinking it worth while to rife 
and fhut it. Yet for fome reafon or other this place is not fo fa- 
vourable to human life as fome others, about i in 47 dying an- 
nually for thefe laft 14 years. But it is to adults that it feems 
lefs friendly ; for to infant life it is very propitious. In thefe 
laft 14 years, 188 children have been chriftened here; dur- 
ing which time only 33 have died under two years of age, which 
is about I in 6. The moft prolific year in that period was i77 5» 


Chap. I.] OFHAWSTED. 7 

which produced 2 2 children ; not one of which died under two 
years of age. In great cities, I beUeve about one third that are 
born are fwept away under that age. The moft fatal period here 
feems the firft year. 




THE church is a re(5lory endowed with the great and fmall 
tithes, fubje6t only to one modus, which will be men- 
tioned hereafter. Its annual outgoings are ; 

/. s. J. 
Tenths (with acquittance 6c/.) - - 142^ 

Procurations due to the archdeacon of Sudbury at| 
Eafler, - - - j' 

One fynodal due to the bifliop of Norwich at thei 

8 7-. 

fame time (with acquittance ^.d.) 

I 14 

Procurations due to the bifliop on his viiitation (withi , 

acquittance ^.d.) - - jo 3 34 



it WGiikl be inipolHble,- and pirhaps tedious, to give a minute 
and continued eGclefiaitical hiftory of a private church. All 
that is here attempted, isy -to arrange in chronological order fuch 
notices en the fubJevSt as the author has been able to collet. 

We learn from Domefday Book (which was compiled between 
the years 1081 and 1086) that here was a church at that time: 
a benefit which, from the iilence of that record in this particu- 
lar, it is probable feveral villages did not then enjoy. And that 
this village enjoyed it, might perhaps be owing to the neigh- 
bouring monaftery of St, Edmund, which was now grown to 
great power and w^ealth ; for ail thefe religious foundations dif- 
fufed, as far as their influence reached, every kind of civiliza- 
tion. Its polfeffion in land was then 30 acres, to which, it is 
remarkable, fcarcely any addition has fince been made. It has 
been uninterruptedly appendant to the principal manor from the 
earlieft times of which we have any record to the prefent : for 
in 1272. the abbot of Bury St. Edmund's, in right of his ward- 
Ihip of Euftace Fitz-Thomas, the principal lord of the village, 
let the manor, and advowfon, to William de Clifford, the king's 
efcheator, during the minority, in which time the church hap- 
pened to become vacant, and Clifford prefented to it. 

The church, as to its prefent flrudure, is of no antiquity ; 
nor are there any documents of its ancient ftate : the defcription 
of it therefore fliall be poftponed to the end of this divifion of 
the work. 

In 1255, when Walter bifliop of Norwich drew up, by com- 
mand of the pope, the firft account of the value of all the 
church preferments in England (called from him the Norwich 
taxation) Ilawlled was thus rated. 

Snayhvell ' xxij mrc. Hauftede— xx mrc '. 

' What Snaylwell ireans is uncertain ; it occurs regularly through the archdea- 
conries of Sudbury and SiiUblk, and fcems to imply a different taxation : it was fol- 
lowed Crtice atterwards. llarl. MSS. 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 9 

In 12 8 I Cecilia, the widoAV of William Talmache, who had 
been of confequence enough to give name to a manor here, died, 
and left her Ion William, and Gilbert de Melton, chaplain', her 
executors ; the latter with a legacy of hi'ijs. iiij d. In thefe early- 
times, and indeed much later, ecclefiaftics had great power over 
mankind : for, exclufive of that fuperiority, which the lettered 
will always have over the unlettered, their religious charadler, as 
well as the laws in their favour, gave them an opportunity of ac- 
quiring a ftrong influence over the human mind. They could 
not, however, be executors of teftaments without the licence of 
the ordinary; fo that in the prefent inftance a permiffion of that 
fort muft have been procured. The wuU itfelf of Cecilia is not 
extant : but fome particulars of it, as well as fome religious cuf- 
toms of the time, may be collecSled from the chaplain's account, 
who appears to have been the adling executor, and the ilate of 
whofe receipts and expences, moil fairly written, is in my pof- 
feflion. The following items are taken in the order they occur. 

The offerings and dinner of a carter, and two days, on Ealler- 
day, iiij d. that is, an od. each for their offerings, and j d. each 
for their repafl. The offerings made by matters for their fer- 
vants frequently occur ; fo that it Ihould feem to have been a cuf- 
tom. Of the daye, who was an inferior fervant, fomething will 
be faid hereafter. The allowance for a repalf was probably be- 
caufe they were not domertics, and fo did not partake of the fef- 
tivity of the fealbn at the houfe. 

Wax, that is, wax-candles, bought for the executors and their 
fervants againft the feafl of the purification of the Lady Mary, 
\ijd. This feffival was on the 2d of February, and celebrated 
with abundance of candles, both in churches and proceffions, in 
memory, as is fuppofed, of our Saviour's being on that day de- 
clared, by old Simeon, to be " a Light to lighten the Gentiles." On 
' A chaplain (capeUaniis) was the affillant, or curate, to the redor. 

G this 


this day were conlecrated all the tapers and candles which were 
to be ufed in the church during the year. Hence it was alfo 
called Candle-mas-day ; a name ll:ill familiar to us. 

To the facrift of St. Mary's church at Bury, to pray for the 
lady's foul, ijd. One mafs celebrated for the foul of the lady, 
and a ringing for her foul at Hawfted, iijV. The fame at Bury, 
iiijd. The ringing of bells was no inconiiderable part of the 
ceremony at ancient funerals, and is ftill continued among us. 
The defign of it was, that the hving might be put in mind to 
pray for the foul of the departed. Old wills abound with lega- 
cies for thefe ringings. 

A pair of flioes to a prieft for afTifling Gilbert the chaplain in 
celebrating mafs for flie lady's foul, ijd. A pair of flioes, as 
well as of gloves, feems to have been a common prefent of old. 
In one of archbilhop Mepham's conilitutions in 1328, where 
inention is made of thofe who obll:ru(n:ed the payment of tithes^ 
it is faid, " others confnme and carry away, or caufe damage to 
be done to fuch tithes, unlefs gloves or fhoes be firft given or 
promifed them '." 

Our anceftors, when they ordered religious fervices to be per- 
formed for their fouls, not only left money, but frequently alfo 
vi(fluals and drink, to the performers. In a will dated 1506 is 
this : " Item, I will myn executor?, as fone as it may come to 
ther knowledg that I am dede, that they make a drynkyiig for my 
foule to the value of vjj-. viijV. in the church of Sporle *." In 
1526, vj". were left for bread and hale ^o be fpent in the porch 
(that is, chapel) of St. John, after the Dirige ^ And in 1531, 
land was tied by will for brewing 6 bufliels of 77ialt^ baking 3 
bufliels of 'wheat ^ and buying ijj. worth of cheefe^ annually on 
the Monday in Eafter week, for the relief and comfort of the 

' Johnfon's Eccl. Laws, 1328, 7. 

* Hift. Norf. vol.111, p. 443. 

^ Hift. Wcftm. and Cumb. vol. I. p. 613. 


Chap, n.] OF H A W S T E D. ii 

parifbioners of Garblefliam, " there being a dirige," fays the tcf- 
tator, *' on the faid Monday, to pray for my foule '." Thefe re- 
pafts at funerals, and at other memorials for the dead, were cha- 
ritably defigned, as is exprefled in the laft extracl:, for the relief 
and comfort of the poor, who were doubtlefs expe6ted to alTilt 
with their prayers : it is probable, however, that they often 
ended, as many felfivities do, in a manner very little akin to 
the piety with which they began. The cuftom, however, will 
explain the reafon of the various articles of food that occur 
among the following items, ranged under the title of, " Monies 
paid to divers- perlbns for divers things bought for the funeral of 
the lady Cecilia." 

To Henry Belcher, of Bury St. Edmund's, for fifli and herrings, 
ixj. To Allan Fouks for pikes ^ and eels (piks et anguiUis) xxvj j-. 
For cups and diflies, &c. xivj-. vijr/. ob. To Thomas Fitz-Tho- 
mas, of Heyham, for rabbits, xij\r. To Ralph le Smeremonger 
for meat (came) xxj". To Adam le Seper Cook for poultry (vo- 
latilibus) iij s. in part. To bailiif Alexander de Walfliam for 
xvj ^^^\\:, iiijj-. viijV. To John Stowe for wine, xxxiijj. \]d. 
To a baker of Bury St. Edmund's for waftle bread to make mor- 
terels ^ (pro gafteUis e Dip I is die fepulturc dojnine pro morterellis inde 
faciendis) \\]d. 

The bakers at Bury had i quarters and 2 bulliels of wheat de- 
livered them to make bread for the poor there. 

' Hift, Norf. vol. I. p. i8,>. 

^ This is an inftance of this fi(h being in England long before the reign of Henry 
VIII. when it is faid to have been firft introduced. The author alfo of Fleta, who 
wrote in this reign, mentions it; and becaufe the paflage is curious, I will tran- 
fcribe it : " Pifcarias fuas quifque difcretus Brefmiis et Perchiis faciei inftaurari ; 
fed non de lupis aquatkis, Tenchiis vel AnguiUis, qui effufionem Pifcium nituntur 
devorare." L. ii. c. 73. 

^ A morterel was made of waftel bread (which was one of the better forts) and 
milk. It was one of the mefl'es for the poor people of St. Crofs's Hofpital near 
Winchcftcr. Lowth's Life of Wykeham, p. 68. 

C 2 To 


To Thomas Battesford for cloth for black coats, xxxj. in part. 
To Thomas Fuller for white cloth for the poor, xvj. in part. 
To John Camp, of Bury St. Edmund's, furrier, for furs for the 
black coats, viijj. xjd. To John de Northfolck for mending the 
cloaths of the poor people, mjs. To Margery Ely for beer ' for 
the burial, x'lxs. xjc/. 

The cloathing of the poor was a judicious a61: of charity, as it 
could not well be abufed. We fliould now, indeed, think that 
a black coat beftowed on a poor perfon wanted not the addition of 
fur : fuch however was the fafliion of the time ; and a fump- 
tuary law of 37 Edw. III. allows handicraft and yeomen to wear 
iio manner of furre nor of bugg, but onely lambe, coney, catte, 
and foxe. 

If this comfortable provifion was made for the bodies of the 
I^oor, the following charges iliew that no fmall coft was beftowed 
on the lady's own perfon. . To the chandler (candelario) of Bury 
St. Edmund's in part, ixj". \]d. To John Sencle of the fame, for 
wax and divers fpices, iiij /. iiij s. ij d. To Alexander Weftlee of 
the fame, for fine linen and filk, and other neceffaries for attir- 
ing the lady's body (pro findone et ferico et aliis neceJJ'ariis pro cor- 
pore domine attiliando^) xxxijj. 

The chandler was the perfon who made and applied the cere- 
cloth. Elizabeth Tudor, fecond daughter of Henry VII. was 
cered by the ivax-chandler^. And in a MS. ceremonial of the 
funeral of queen Mary, daughter of Hen. Vlll. in the College 
of Arms, we are told that the officers of the chaundry, and the 
clerks of the fpicerVj came and cere-d the queen with linen cloth, 

' It is well known that the art of brewing was formerly exercifcd by women ; as 
it is to this day in Wales. Sec Mr. Barrington on the more ancient Statutes, p. 54. 

* Du Cange has alti//um and attili^mentiim for the attelage, equipage, or har- 
iiois of horfes, and other beafts of draught, and of fliips. The verb does not 
occur. I know not how to tranflate it better. 

' Dart's Weftm. Abb. vol. II. p. 2 3. 

3 "^vax. 

Chap. II.] OF H A W S T E D. 13 

wax, and with a number of fpices very coflly '. Thefe quota- 
tions fufficiently illuftrate the meaning and defign of the la<l: 
three articles. The filk was probably deligned as an envelope for 
the corpfe after it was embalmed. 

This embalming, when confidered as performed for a private 
perfon, is a Itriking inftance of the coftly extravagance of fu- 
nerals at this time. The bills relative to it (and one of them 
not fully paid) amount to vj/. vs. \u}d. Now this year, which 
was not a cheap one, the higheft price of wheat was iiijj. \n]d. 
a quarter. Rating it therefore at the average price of iiijj". \}d. 
this embalming coft as much money as would purchafe about 
xxviij quarters of wheat, which at this time are worth about Ix /. 

The rtipend to Sir ^ Gilbert de Melton, chaplain, for celebrat- 
ing maires for the lady's foul, from Eaiter to jNIichaelmas, xxxiij J", 
iiij^. This would purchafe juft 200 maffcs, at \]d. each. A 
mafs and a ringing was ujd. as we have feen before. 

The diftrelTes in which Edward Ill.foon involved himfelf by his 
foreign wars, bring us acquainted with the value of this reilory 
at that time. In the parliament which met in March 1340, the 
prelates, earls, barons, and knights of fl)ires, granted the king 
for two years the ninth flieaf, fleece, and lamb. The contribu- 
tion which this village Vv'as to make, is thus recorded in the Rot. 
None Garbarum, S^c. taken 14 and 15 Edw. III. at Henhow, near 
Bury, before the abbot of Leyflon, Nic. de Lafte, Roger de 
Tode, Phil, de Rifby, Thomas de Afshe, John Deneyt, and 
others, jurors. 

' Arch^olog. vol. III. p. 401. 

^ This is the only time he has the honourable di(lin£Vion of Sir prefixed to his 
name. It was a title of refpefl aiven formerly to fevcral perfons befides knights: 
as Sire Gierke, Sir Monk, Sire Man of Laws, &c. in Chaucer ; and lb frequently 
bellowed on priefts, that it has crept even into afts of parliamcat. Tyrwhiit's 
Gloflary to Chaucer. 


14 n I S T O R Y AND A N T I QJJ I T I E S [Chap. II. 

They fay that the church of Haiiftede is worth xiiij/, xiijj". 
injcl. They fay that the value cannot be extended this year : and 
they fay that the ninth pait of the flieaves, fleeces, and lambs, 
is worth this year cxiijj. n'ijd. and no more, becaufe the redor 
ot the church holds divers poffeffions (tenementa)^ confiiting of 
lands, meadows, paftures, rents, with the tithe of hay, and 
other fmall tithes, the great tithes and offerings, which are 
worth yearly ix/. as is reprefented by fix men of the laid vil- 
lage, on their oaths, viz. Robert Aldred, Nich. de Areford, Adam 
de Wrighet, Walt. Coo, Hugh Raifon, and John Lambard. 

hi 1358, the cuftomary tenents paid their lord at Chriftmas 
a fmall rent, called offering-filver. Eleven of them paid in 
all xviij6^. 

In 3386, the Chriftmas-ofterings, made by the mafter for his 
domellics, were much increafed : for then they were xiiij ^. for 
7 fervants. And the candles bought for them againft the purifi- 
cation of the Lady Mary coft \ d. 

hi 1387-9-90, the fame fum w'as paid, and called clothing- 
filver. I know not the defign of this payment. 

hi a deed of 1399, niention is made of a crofs in Pinford 

hi 1448, one of the outgoings of the manor was, pro Rome- 
fcot^ ij J-. 

From the middle of this century are preferved feveral wills ' 
made by the inhabitants of this village, and which exhibit to us 
feveral religious cuftoms and modes of thinking that prevailed in 
former times. From their general tendency, they were evident- 
ly the manufa6lure of ecclefiaftics ; the duties of w^hofe oflice 
called them to the bed-fide of the fick, who frequently (as is 

' They are lodged in the regiftrar of the archdeaconry of Sudbury's office at 
Bury: and I am happy in this opportunity of acknowledging the liberality of Mr. 
Iiham Dalton, the prefent regiftrar, in permitting me to make fuch extradls from 
them as I thought proper — without a fee. 


Chap. II.] OF H A W S T E D. 15 

ufual at all times) deferred executing this folemn a(fi: to that fea- 
fon, when the mind, intent upon futurity, was little anxious 
abovit the difpofition of temporal riches, except as the means of 
purchaling that happinefs, which it was thought they could pro- 
cure in another ftate. Even if the fick man had wiflied to de- 
cline the interference of a religious, he could fcarcely have done 
it ; for his phyjlcian was ordered by an ecclefiaftical law, firft 
effe(ftually to perfuade him to call for the phyficians of the foul, 
that when his patient had taken fpiritual cure, he might with 
better effect proceed to bodily medicines : and laymen were of- 
ten to be diiiliaded from making their wills without the prefence 
of a parifli prieft, as they defired their wills to be fulfilled '. 
Nay, it lliould feem as if the religious expected a third (ur fome 
other part, according to circumlliances) of the moveables of 
thofe that died intefl;ate, and which they ought to have be- 
^queathed for pious purpoles ''. 

Margery Muryell of Haufted, widow, made her will Dec. 12, 
1451 ; and her firrt bequelt was \\]s. \n]cL to the high altar of 
the parifli church there for tithes forgotten. She then bequeath- 
ed xiijj. \\\]d. to the fabric of the church; xIj". to be fpent on 
her burial day, in vicStuals and drink for the poor and her neigh- 
bours ; V marcs to be reterved for celebrating her obfequies, the 
day of her death, for xx years, being \r]s. i\.\]d. for each anni- 
verfary, to be expended in works of charity for the health of 
her foul, and of thofe of her parents and benefactors deceafed ; 
\]s. viij^. towards the repairs of the common way ' at Herd wick; 
and iijj. iiij^. towards thofe of the king's common way in Hauf- 
ted, oppofite the tenement of Robert Pyper. To her god- 
daughter (Jilie Jpiyituali) Margery Fuller, vjj-. M\\\d. all her beds 

• Johnfon's Ecclef. Laws, 1229 — 1236. 
^ Id. 1261. 15. — 1268. 23. 

^ Such legacies were very common in former times before any eflfedlual laws were 
made for the repairs of the high-ways. 

i6 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. If. 

and cloaths, and Inch a girdle as llie fhouid choofe. To another 
god-daiighter, a Iheep. After bequeathing 3 more Iheep and 
x'ljd. each to 3 perfons, and half a marc to a poor woman ; flie 
appoints two executors, with a legacy of half a marc to each for 
their trouble ; and directs them, that with the confent and ad- 
vice of John Clopton, efq, they difpofe of all the relidue of her 
goods and chattels in charitable works, for the welfare of her 
foul, and of thofe for whom flie was bound to pray. 

In 1452 AHce, the widow of John Bokenham, late of Hauf- 
tede, gentylman, bequeathed iijj'. iiijo'. to the high altar of the 
church there. Alfo v marcs to a proper chaplain to fay mafTes 
in the faid church a whole year for her foul, and for that of her 
hufband ; and for th.e fouls of thofe for whom fhe was bound to 
pray. To Richard Borle, gentylman, a black coat ; the fame to 
his wife. To John Makeroo, a black coat, and one of kendal. 
To Ifabel Stanton, her ferving-maid, a black coat, one of a 
green colour, and two veils — Jia7nmeola. The refidue of all 
her goods flie left to be difpofed of by her executors, as they 
fliould think proper, for the welfare of her foul, of her huf- 
band's, and of thole of all her benefadlors. Proved at Forn- 
ham St. Martin ', Od. 2, 1452. 

In 1480 John Meryell, junior, of Haufted, bequeathed his 
foul to God Almighty, and to our Lady Saint Mary, and to all 
the holy company in heaven, and his body to be buried in the 
holy fepulchre, that is in the cherch yerd of Haurted. He left to 
the high altar there xij d. for tithes forgotten : and to the friars 
of Bab well to pray for his foul a trental of mafles % xj". This 
is in Englilh. 

Bab well 

' A village two miles from Bury. The wills of this neighbourhood were gene- 
rally proved in that church, as the abbot of Bury would not fuffer the archdeacon 
of Sudbury, or his deputies, to exercife any afl of authority within the town. 

* A trental of mades was, as its name implies, thirty mafles, perfor/ncd either 


ChaplL] O F H A W S T E D. 17 

Bab-ivell \\"as about one mile out of the north gate of Bury. 
Some ruins of it Hill remain ; and a houfe built within its pre- 
cinifls retains the name of the Friary. Thefe friars were firit 
fettled near the abbey, but difplaced by the monks, who every 
where held them in abhorrence. They were, how'ever, great 
favourites m ith the people in general ; for in turning over a 
multitude of wills, 1 obferve they had frequent legacies left them. 
And in one of the accounts of the bailiff of this manor, in the 
time of Richard II. there is the payment of a carter for fetching 
tiles for them from Sudbury, which was i 8 miles from their houfe. 
They affiled the lick (fays Sir William Dugdale') in making their 
teitaments ; which accounts for their appearing fo often in them. 

Robert Parker of Hawfted, in 1492, bequeathed his foul to 
Almighty God, &:c. and his body to be buried in the holy fepul- 
ture ; and to the high auter in the cherche, in recompence of his 
dewes too little paid, and for the helthe of his foul, ijj-. v\d. To 
Margaret his wife all his hoftiliaments ", utenfelys, and jowellys % 
to his houfe pertaining. 

His fon Henry Parker foon afterwards ordered a prieft to fing 
for his foul a year after his deceafe : a quarter in each of the 
two years next following, and half a year in the third. 

In 1493, Roger Drury of Hawfted, Efq. being in hole mende, 
antl bclevyng as God and the church wuld he fhuld, made his 
teftament. Such a profeffion of orthodoxy w^as not very com- 
mon : but fome of the enemies of Lollardifm might think it 
neceifary, or decent, to profefs in their wills the fteadinefs of their 
faith, cfpecially in this reign, which was particularly unfriend- 
one a day for 30 days together, immediately after the burial ; or all together on 
the 30th day. When the teftator was fo poor that he could not afford a whole 
trcnral, he fometimcs ordered half a one. Thirty feems to have been a favourite 
number in thefe porthumous ceremonies. The thirtieth day, or month's mind, 
frequently occurs in antient wills. 
' Warwlckfliire, p. ii;. 

^ hhjVdlamenls, mean ^tuff of Houfehcld, as it is exprcffed in the wills of Sir 
Roger and Sir William Drurv, that will be recited hereafter. 
■' jcc.ilia I any vaKiable furniture, or utenfils. 

D ly 


ly to the dodrines of Wickliff. Ke left c marcs to maintain a 
fcholar of divinity at Cambridge for x years, who was-to preach 
once a year at Bury, and once at Hawfted. But if he decUned 
preaching, he was to have but vij marcs yearly. He had a well- 
furnilhcd chapel in his houfe, as will farther appear by his will, 
which will be ffiven at lenoth. 

In 1503 Johanne Cowper, late wife of William Cowper of 
Hawfted, among other legacies bequeathed to her fon John one 
" acre of land errabyll, lying at Wynefmere Hill, under the 
*' condycion that he fynde a lampe before the roode in the 
*' cherchc of Hawfted, with the rent thereof as long as he leve. 
" — and yff it may be re ... . red, then I wyll that the forefeyd 
" John Cowper fynde it, or ellys it to be fonde as long as the 
" woi-lde ftonde." 

Wifer people than Johanne Cowper could not, at that time, 
forefee for how few years their pious legacies would be applied to 
the purpofes for which they were left. This piece, 25 Henry VIII. 
was in her fon Thomas, who then enfeoffed Robert Drury, Efq. 
and feveral others in it, without declaring the ufes to which it was 
to be applied. It was then called Lanip-iond, a name it retains to 
this day, and belongs to the parilh. The rood before which this 
lamp was to hang, was the reprefentation of our Saviour on the 
Crofs, with the Virgin Mary on one fide, and St. John on the other, 
placed on the top of that wooden fcreen of Gothic work which ftill 
divides the church and the chancel. This fcreen, from the life 
above-mentioned, was often called the Rood-lojt ; and from its 
being latticed, or cancellated, gave name to the chancel. 

The revenues left for the lupport of lamps and candles rauft 
have been of confiderable profit to the church. Not only the 
images of faints had lights burning before them, but the graves 
of thofe who could afford it were befet with them, either occa- 
lionally, or conftantly. The dirty vapours iifuing from thefe 
lights begrimed the very obje^Sfs they were dcfigned to embellilli ; 
< — fxda nigro fimiilacbra fiimo. Whoever has been in Roman 
3 Catholic 

Chap. II.j O F H A W S T E D. 19 

;Gatholic countries mufl have obferved this efFedV, particularly in 
the fmall chapels : nor are the fumes produced by the flames of 
fo many undluous bodies either agreeable or wholefome : though 
this is a little remedied by the incenfe-pots that are toffed about, 
during fome parts of divine fervice. 

In 1506 William Wyffin the older willed, that an honed 
preft fliould fynge for his fowle, and all his good frends Ibwles 
in the chirche of Halftede, be an hole yere, takyng for hys fty- 
pend as his executors and he fliould agree. Item, he beqwethed 
to the fryers of Babwell to pray for his fowle, iijj^. iiijV. 

William Clark of Havvfted in 15 12. — Item, I will that they 
doo for me and my friends xx/. at my buriall dale and yeerdaie. 

Robert Legat, who died in 1526, is the only teftator who 
bequeathed nothing to pious ufes, though he left his two daugh- 
ters XX J", each. And this is the more remarkable, as the Refor- 
mation was but now beginning to dawn. Soon after, indeed, 
religion was fo unfettled, that teftators were often afraid of leav- 
ing any pious legacy ; and when they did, the more cautious 
ones frequently fubjoined the condition, " if the laws would let 
*' it ftand good." 

In 1528, Robert Wefyn of Halfted. — The refidue of my' 
goods not wylled, I wyll that my wyffb have them to bryng me 
honeftly to the erthe, and in dedes of charite. 

The fame year William Wyffin.— Iteni, I w^ill that the xxvjj-. 
xiijd. that my fone Robert ows unto me, I wyll that a preft fliall 
have it for to fynge a quarter for me and hym in the chyrche of 

In 1533 Alen Legett, who feems to have had confiderable 
property here, among other things a hoi^fe called Mcrei/es, left 
iij s. iiij d. to the high altar, and legacies to his children ; and if 
they fliould die without lawful ifllie, " than 1 woU that yt be 
*' towlde (tolled, or rung) and don for me and my wifFe, and all 

D 2 *' Ghriften 


'* Chiirten fowles in dedys of charyte, and to the fcherche, and 
" of heyweys, and to pore peple." He bequeaths alfo to the re- 
paration of the church x\s. " and the feyd Alen Legett hatli ge- 

vine up all ... . and tytyl in the Church e-hoKjfe of Haw- 

llede, otherwiffe callid the Gylde Hall, in the hands of John 
Macrowe and Thomas Wyffine, to the ule of the towne." Wil- 
liam Eglyn, the parfon, was one of the witneffes ; the canon 
law requiring, that the parifh priert, or the proper curate, if it 
conveniently might be, fliould be one of the witneffes to a 

The church-houje (as it is ftill called) or Guild-hall, is clofe to 
the church-yard, and continues the property of the parilh, being 
within a few years convened to a work-houfe. 

A guild-hall (a name ftill familiar to us) was a rooin w^here a 
fociety, or brotherhood, met. Thefe focieties w^ere formed for 
the advancement of charity, religion, or trade, and called gilds, 
or guilds, from a Saxon word, fignifying money, becaufe every 
member contributed fome money towards the fupport of the bro- 
therhood to which he belonged. 

The little Parochial Guilds were fometimes fo poor, that they 
could not afford to have a room of their own, but met at the 
members' houfes. In general, however, they were in a better 
condition, and poffeffed or hired a houfe near the church, which 
was called the Guild-hall, or Church-houfe. This fituation was 
convenient for them, as their bufinefs was to pray as well as eat. 
They confifted of an alderman, brethren and fitters : the parfon 
of the parifli, and the principal perfons of the neighbourhood, 
were generally members. They had lands, received legacies, 
Stc : they frequently met ; but their grand affembly was on the 
day of their patron faint, when they went to church, and offered 
up their prayers at his altar for all the members of the fociety, 
both living and dead. From this faint they took their diftindliion, 


Chap. II.] OF H A W S T E D, 21 

as St. Thomas's guild, St. John's guild, Sec. They beilowed an- 
nual falaries upon the poor, received travelling ftrangers, and did 
other a6ts of charity, as far as their revenues allowed. Their 
meetings were crowned by a dinner, and ended frequently in a 
manner not very conliftent with their beginning. 

Of thefe guilds Mr. Blomefield in particular, in his Hiftory of 
Norfolk, has preferved many records, which Tnew the defign of 
their inftitution, and exhibit a lively picture of ancient manners. 
Of that in queftion I find no memorial, except on a perilhing 
fragment of paper in the church cheft, dated 15 Apr. 1637. 

Certayne goods in the Gilde Hale. 

Imprimis, 6 plaunkes for 3 tables, with treflcls that they 

ly on, and 2 formes. 
Item, 1 large fpits. 

Thefe were doubtlefs the wreck of the former furniture, and 
were ufed, as tradition reports, befides at the meetings of the 
brotherhood, at the celebration of the nuptials of the poor peo- 
ple, who fometimes here held their wedding feaft, which was 
occafionally honoured by the prefence of the principal perfons 
of the village, who, from a gallery at the end of the large 
room, took a view of the ruftic merriment on the unpaved floor 

From thefe ancient guilds are derived our modern clubs ^ which, 
in fome of the diftant parts of the kingdom, where manners are 
flow in changing, 11:111 retain very flrong marks of their origin. 
Of this I have a curious inflance now before me in the " Rules 
" and orders agreed on by the Good-Intent Society, meeting at the 
*' houfe of Richard Treeve, inn-keeper, in Sennen ' Church 

' Sennen is that extremity of Cornwallj which is commonly called the Land's 

" Town,. 


" Town, in the county of Cornwall, begun the 2d day of May 
" 1778." From a copy of thefe, with which the landlord him- 
felf prefented me in 1779, I fliall fele6t a few particulars, which 
have fuch an air of ancient piety and rude fimplicity, that they 
might well pafs for the ordinances of a guild 3 or 4 centu- 
ries ago. 

The grand objefl of the fociety is by a monthly contribution 
of IS, by every member, to provide for fuch of the body as lliall 
be fick or infirm. 

*' If any member fliall be afflided with the venereal difeafe or 
" itch^ or Ihall receive any hurt by 2XX.&x\0i\.\\^ f muggier s ^ officers^ 
" bailiffs^ or through dnmkennefSy quarrelling^ or any other thing 
" of his own feeking, he lliall receive no benefit for fuch mis- 
*' fortune from the club. 

" Every member is to attend the funeral (the expence of which 
" is not to exceed 3 pounds) of a deceafed member; and is to 
** meet an hour before the time appointed for the funeral, to at- 
" tend the corpfe to church and interment^ then return to the club' 
" roo?n^ andfpend two-pence each member, then depart the room 
** on forfeiture of three-pence. 

" No bailiff, bailiff's follower, foldier, major's ferjeant, or ap- 
*' paritor of the fpiritual court, fliall be admitted a member. 

** If any member appear in the club-room dij'guifed in liquor 
** he fliall forfeit fix-pence. 

'* If on any extraordinary occafion the flewards fliall fummon 
" all the fociety together, each member fhall then, and at all 
*' other times, expend for his club two-pence. 

" If -Txnj mtmbQr JJjall profanely curfe or fwear, he fliall for- 
♦< feit fix-pence for each offence therein. If any member fhall 
" brawl, fing fongs, or refufe to keep filence at the fteward's 
*' command, he fliall forfeit four-pence. If any member fhall 
*'^ give fcurrilous a}id abujive language to any other member, he 

" fliall 

Chap. II.] O F H A VV S T E D. 13 

*' Ihall forfeit fix-pence. If any member fliall Jlrike another 
" member in the club-room in club hovirs, he fliall forfeit five 
*' fliillings, or be excluded. If any member fliall be guilty of 
" tbeft^ he fliall be immediately excluded : or if any member 
*' fliall live a fcandahus and bafe manner of life, he fliall be 
*< excluded. 

" The fociety fliall have an annual feaft ox\ 25 June (except 
<* it happens on a Sunday, and then on the day following) at the 
" houfe of the faid John Treeve, where every member fliall 
*' meet at 9 o'clock in the forenoon, and then proceed in an or- 
" derly manner to the parijh church of Sennen to hear a fermon, 
** preached by the minifi:er, who fliall be allowed half a guinea 
" for the fame ; then return in the fame manner to the club- 
" houfe, where a dinner is to be provided at one fliilling a head : 
" the expence of the whole day, including dinner, is not to ex- 
" ceed one fliilling and fix-pence. 

*' No womayi to be admitted a member of the fociety, nor /hall 
^^ come into th.Q room in club-hours, the miflirefs or the maid of 
" the houfe excepted, or to pay for an abfent member, and to 
" depart in a quarter of an hour: and // they abiife any member ^ 
" the perfon who was the caufe of their coming fliall forfeit 
*' three-penoi." 

It would be curious to contraft with the above fome extrails 
from the code of laws, by which fome of the clubs in the neigh- 
bourhood of St. James's are regulated. 

In 1536, Henry VIII. caufed a valuation of all ecclefiaflical 
preferments in England to be made. This redory was then rated 
at xj/. xvjj-. x^. ob. its prefent valuation in the king's books. 
About the fame time a comApofition probably took place between . 
the patron and the re6tor for the tithes of the park, which was 
enclofed in this reign. In the reign of Elizabeth, the payment 
was a buck and doe, in lieu of tithes for the demefne lands. Af- 
4 terwards 


teruards vijV. u year, under the name of a modus. Since the 
park has been converted into a farm, fo much of it has been 
broken up, that vij/. a year becomes nearly an adequate compo- 
fition for the tithes of the remaining paftures, for which only, 
and not for the demefne lands in general, the modus has, for 
this lait century, been underftood to be paid. To anfwer a pri- 
vate purpofe, the mention of this modus was omitted in the ter- 
rier made about 60 years ago, and preferved in the church cheft. 
It was however acknowledged by my predeceiTor ; and will, I 
truft, be never thought an obje(5l worth difputing. 

Alice Semar, widow, of the town of Hawfted, in 1552, be- 
queathed to her lifter Anas, xlj-. of lawful money of England, 
and her beft gown and beft kirtle '. To Cecily, the faid lifter's 
daughter, a red petticoat. To Hawfted church, to the building 
of the roof, x j". To eleven poor houfeholders in Hawfted, which 
fhe named to the re6tor thereof, yds. To John Baker's daugh- 
ter, god -child to her hufband, xijV, Alio t.o Sir William Sebot- 
fon^ par/on of Hawfted, her curat, xxd. Witneffes, William Se- 
botfon, and John Macrow, of Hawfted. 

Proved in the church of Fornham St. Martin before Thomas 
Syraonds, clerk, commifTary and official within the archdeaconry 
of Sudbury, 17 061. 1552. 

Rofe Sparke, of the townfliip of Haulfted, widow, in 1553 
directed her executors to beftow at her xxx"" day ' xxj. with mafs 
and dirige : and that poor people lliould have other xx j". among 
them fhortly after her xxx'" day. She bequeathed to Rofe 
Sparke, her fon Rauf's daughter, a bullock, a brafs pot, and 

' The kirtle was the garment under the mantle. The latter was a loofe cloak 
faftened at the neck or breaft. Even our beft lexicographer has called them both 
upper garments. The difference is well afcertained by Sandford, in his Geneal. 
Hid. p. 322. 

* Called, month's day, in the will of Margaret countefs of Richmond. Elfe- 
where, moni/ys miml. 


Chap. II.] OFHAWSTED. 25 

her fecond gown. To Roger Cowper, her godfon, ijj". To Ro- 
bert Sparke, her fon, her beft feather-bed, with all thereto be- 
longing. To young John Sparke, hergrandfon, her fecond bell 
feather-bed, with all thereto belonging. To Audrey, Agnes, and 
Robert Sparke, her grand-children, a cow amongft them. To 
her fon John her buffed /tool '. To Rauf her fon's wife, her 
beft kirtle. To her fifter Anne, her round gown. To John 
Sparke's wife, her beft hook % To a grand-daughter, her fecond 
hook. She made her fon Robert executor, and Thomas Cowper 
to be to hym a guide and a helper, and to fee her will fulfilled. 
Witnefs, William Sebotfon, her curate, Rauf Sparke,^ Edmund 

Gyles Wyfhn of Hawfted, hufbandman, being of whole 
mynde and perfect remembrance, for which he thanked Almigh- 
ty God, made his laft will in 1554, and dire6ted the charges of 
his funeral to be done honeftly by the diredlion of his executors. 
He bequeathed to the high altar, for his tithes forgotten and neg- 
ligently paid, iijj. \\\]d. After leaving his principal property to 
his wife and children, he adds : Item, I give to Alice Stuarde, 
my god-daughter, to the preferment of her marriage, vjj-. viijc/. 
And to Elen Stuarde, her fifter, a yearling calfe for a remem- 
brance. The refidue of my goods, cattels, with all my ftuff of 
houfeholde and utenfells, I give wholly to Elyn my wife, to 
bring me honeftly to the yerthe, and paying my detts. And I 
will alfo, and charge my faid wife, that flie kepe, or caufe to be 
kept, a yearly obyt for my fowle, by the fpace of three years 
next after my deceafe, expending yearly for the fame vj. And 

' A buffed ftool is an oval wooden flool without a back. A hole is generally 
cue in the feat for the convenience ot taking it up. Common in country- houles. 
Ufed alfo to fet a child's coffin upon in church. 

"^ The hook, worn at the bottom of the ftays, is flill in ufe, to regulate the fit- 
ting of the apron. 

E I niake 


I make and ordayne executors the fame Elyn my wife, and Mar- 
ten Gyllye; and Edmund my fon to be fupravifor ; and I give to 
every of them for tlieir labour and paynes iij J", iiiji^. Thefe be- 
ing wytnefs, Sir William Eglyn, derke, William Adams, Henry 
Wyxe, Thomas Rutlecke, and Edmund Matyward, with other*. 
And in further wytnefs hereunto I have put my feale. 

Thomas Green of 1,'awfted, hufbandman, in April 1555? be- 
queathed his foul to Almighty God, and all the company in hea- 
ven, without one religious legacy. 

John Macrow, of the townihip of Hawfted, hufbandman, in 
Augulli5 57, bequeathed his foul to Almighty God, and to his 
blelTed Mother, our Lady Saint Mary, and to ail the company in 
heaven. He gave to the high altar, for his tithes and oblations 
forgotten, x\]d. He had property at Hawfted, Great Welnetham 
and Bury ; at which latter he gave his houfe and yard to Robert 
his fon. His witVs name was Alice, to whom, among other 
things, he gave one of his beft pots, the bed he lay on at that 
time, and a chyft with all that was in it, except a payre of beades 
that was his firft wife's, and which he gave to Anne, his daugh- 
ter. He has no particular reiigious bequeft, faying only at laft, 
" the relidew of my goods not gyven or beqaethed, I put them. 
" to the difpoficion of mine executors." William Sebotfon, par- 
ion of Hawfted, was one of the witnefles. 

A pair of beads mentioned above was a fet of ftrung beads 
which our anceilors ufed as a mechanical help to afcertain the 
number of their prayers. They had their name from a Saxoa 
word, which lignifies to pray. Sometimes they were called a 
j)air of Pater-nofters. A pair, or fet, confifted of various nvmi- 
bers of pieces from 30 to 70, and perhaps more; befides that, 
every tenth was fucceeded by one larger and more embelliQied 
than the reft ; thefe larger ones were called gatides. So Eleanor, 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. ^^ 

duchefs of Gloucefler, who died in 1399, bequeathed a pair of 
Pater-nofters of 50 pieces of coral, with 5 gaudes of gold ' ; an- 
other pair of 30 pieces, with 4. gaudes of jet; a gaude begin- 
ning and finilliing the fet. So Chaucer, 

Of fmall coral about her arm flie bare 
A pair of bedis, gaudid all with green. 

They were alfo frequently worn dependant from the girdle, as 
may be feen in fome old portraits, and in monumental fculptures ; 
of the latter I have fac-fimiles, which diltindlly fliew the gaudes. 
Even the girdle itfelf, when ftudded, feems anciently to have 
ferved for a pair of beads ; as I have been informed fbme fin- 
ger-rings have done when fet round with ftones. The gaudes 
were for Pater-nofters, the common beads for Ave Maries. 

Thefe devotional trinkets were often blefled by the pope, and 
as fuch were forbidden to be brought into the realm, 1 3 Eliza- 
beth \ Some of them are ftill preferved in the cabinets of the 
curious : they are of various materials and workmanfliip ; fome 
are extremely valuable ; particularly a fet belonging to the 
duchefs dowager of Portland, who poffeffes an immenfe colle6lion 
of curiofities both natural and artificial, with an intelligence ex- 
celled by none. It confifts of 32 pieces, which are plum-ftones 
about half an inch long, on which are exquifitely carved the 
heads of Roman emperors, heathen deities, &c. from antiques. 
The loweft reprefents the buft of a pope, on whofe cope are the 
figures of St. Peter and St. Paul, executed with fuch minutenefs 
and delicacy as to require and well bear a glafs. This pope is 
fuppofed to be Clement VII. to whom thefe beads are faid to 
have belonged, and which are judged to have been the work of 
Benvenuto Cellini. 

' Royal Wills, p. 180, 182. 

* Johnfon's Ecclef. Laws, 816, 10. 

E a Sir 


Sir William Drury, in Dec. 1557, bequeathed his foul to Al- 
mighty God, our Lady Saint Mary, and to all the holy compa- 
ny of heaven ; and his body to be buried in the church of 
Hawfted, after and according to his degree, by the direction of 
his executors. 

It is needlefs to give any more extracts from wills, as thofe 
already adduced fufficiently delineate the manners of the times, 
as far as they can be collected from thefe dociiments : and as ths 
reformation of religion, which was foon to be confirmed, oblite- 
rated their leading charafler, and threw them much into that 
caft in which they at jorefent appear. 

In perufing the above wills, the circumftance that mull firft 
ftrike, is the abundant piety that pervades almoft every one of 
them. They generally begin with a legacy to the high altai:, 
and conclude with leaving the refidue to be difpofed of in works 
of charity, according to the difcretion of the executors. With 
regard to the kind offices that vv'ere to be performed for the fouls 
of the deceafcd, the teftators feem to have fliewn as great a va- 
riety of fancy, as they could have done in their drefs, or the fur- 
iiirure of their houfcs ; fcarcely any two agreeing in the fame 
mode of thefe religious fervices. That thev lliould be extreme- 
ly felicitous about their performance cannot be wondered at, when 
we conllder of how great value they were taught to believe them. 
The lalvation of the foul was thought to depend upon them. 
And even if fome of better underftanding had harboured feme 
doubts about their efficacy ; ftill the expedfation of being barely 
remembered after death, is fo foothintr and flattering to the hu- 
man mind, that we Cannot be furprized at the care and expence 
bcftowed upon thefe poflhumous attentions. We ffiould there- 
fore be referved in our cenfures on this cullom of our anceftors : 
if we cannot but pity their too eafy faith in believing that the 
prayers of the living could benefit the fouls of the dead, ftill 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 29 

however we muft allow that they gratified one of the fondeft 
wifhes of the heart of man, that of furviving, as long as we 
can, in the memory of others. With this view, we ftill eredt 
to our departed friends the monument in the church, or the ftill 
more pcrifliable memorial in the church-yard, in hopes that our 
furvivors will beitow the fame upon us : and the ancient month's 
mind, when diverted of all fuperftition, and the modern mourn- 
ing-ring, both fpeak the fame language. 

Befides, though prayers for the dead could do them no fervice, 
they might ftill be ufeful to the living. For the perfon wha 
prays with earneftnefs and devotion for another, muft necefiarily 
reduce his mind to fuch a ferious and collecSled ftate, as muft be 
very favourable to his ov/n fpiritual welfare ; fo much truth i'-- 
there in the old rhyming diftich ; 

Qui pro alio orat. 
Pro fe laborat. 

It is far from ray intention to become tlie apologift for prayers, 
for the deceafed : 1 would only fet them in tlieir proper light. 
The unprejudiced part of mankind have no doubts of their in- 
efficacy to the purjiofe defigned. They were often performed 
(if v.e may judge from what may now be obferved in Catholic 
countries) in a manner very far from devout ; and money was 
frequently left for them, which ought to have defcended to no- 
ceflitous relations. 

The thanking the Almighty for the bleffing of a found un- 
derftanding, when a man was about to perform one of the moft 
ferious ads of his life, was furely not an ill-timed gratitude. Not 
lefs proper feems to have been the commendation of the foul to 
thofe powers, who were fuppofed to be the guardians and patrons 
of human happinefs, when a deed was to be executed, which 
was to take effect immediately upon the feparation of that foul 


;o HISTORY AND A N T I QJJ 1 T I E S [Chap. Tl 

from the body : an event of the utmoft importance to man, and 
which generally was likely foon to take place. It feems, as if 
WQ now thought, that thefe were the eftufions of an excelhve 
devotion. Even a bilhop can now make his will without men- 
tioning the name of God in it : while, by a ftrange perverfenefs, 
a treaty of peace between two belligerent powers, which, they 
and all the world know, is nothing but a rope of fand, begins, 
" In the name of the holy and undivided Trinity." 

The relationfiup between fponfors and their god-children, who 
were called Jpiritnal Jons and daughters^ was formerly efteeraed 
much more facred than at prefent '. The prefents at chriften- 
ings were fometimes very coniiderable : the conne6lion lafted 
through life, and was clofed by a legacy. This laft mark of at- 
tention (even ftill not quite difufed by fome old-falliioned people) 
feems to have been thought almoft indifpenlible. For, befides 
the inftances above-cited, in a will from which no extrad:s have 
been given, the teftator left every one of his god-children a bu- 
Ihel of barley. This was in 1469, when the legacy was not 
worth above \\]d. or \\\]d. 

The wiih of our forefathers to be brought honeftly to the 
earth, and to be buried according to their degree, is now much 
fallen into difufe. The funeral cxpences of former times are 
now diverted into other, perhaps not better, channels. Nothing 
is now more common than to read of the private interments of 
perfons of the firft diftincflion. The lifelefs carcafe, it is faid, 
is of no value, and therefore cannot be committed to the ground 
with too little expence. But furely it was lately the refidence of 
a noble inhabitant : and we view, and treat with reverence, even 
the tattered garment of an illuftrious perfon, long fmce departed. 
Befides, though the corpfe itfelf be infenfible of the honours 

' There were even fome ecclefiaftical laws that forbad the marriage of fpiritual 
■relations. Johnfon, y.^-o, 129 — 1009. 8 — 1017. 7, 

3 bellowed 

Chap. II.] OF H A W S T E D. 31 

beftowed upon it ; ftill, however, thofe honours exprefs the grief 
and refpecft of the furviving relations, and may make proper and 
lafting impreflions upon the attendants. A funeral, with all its 
*' pride, pomp, and circumftance," is one of the moft eloquent 
leffons of morality. 

From the very fmall importance of fome of thefe wills, it 
fliould feem, that to make a will was the fafliion of the times, 
and a ceremony thought proper for the laft fcene of life. Other- 
"wife one would have thought, that a dying perfon's requell to 
fome of his neareft relations and friends might have fecured the 
expenditure of a few fliillings for the welfare of his foul. Thus 
Elizabeth, the widow of Edward IV. feems to have judged this 
formality necelTary. She exprefsly declares, that flie had been 
plundered of all her pofleflions by her fon-in-Iaw, Henry VI T. 
and that flie had no worldly goods to do the queen's grace, her 
deareft daughter, a pleafure with, nor to reward any of her 
children : yet {he makes her teftament with all due folemnity ; 
appoints three executors, and requefts her daughter the queen,, 
and her fon, the marquis of Dorfet, to put their good-wills and 
help to its performance '. 

About the beginning of the reign of Elizabeth, there was a 
euftom (not yet quite abolifhed) of recording the funerals of per- 
fons of diiliindion in the Herald's College \ Among the entries 
of this fort is the following : 

Mem. That the right worfliipful Sir Robert Drury, of Haw- 
fled, in the county of Suffolk, knight, married Anne, daughter 
of the worfhipful Sir Nic. Bacon, of Redgrave, in the county of 

* Royal Wills, p. 350. 

* The laft but one of thefe entries is for the late duke of Kingflon, in' which it 
is certified, that his obfequies were performed with all due Iblcnnity, " except the 
" attendance of the officers of the College of Arms to marfhal the funeral, which, 
*' on account of his grace's deceafc at Bath, and the great afflidion of his moft no- 
*' ble duchefs, was not recollc(ftcd. by her grace till too late to prepare the ceremo- 
" nial. E. Kingston." 



Suffolk, knight and baronet ; and had ilTue two daughters, Do- 
rothie and EHzabeth, both which died young fans iflue. 

The laid Sir Robert departed this prefent hfe the fecond day 
of April, anno Domini 1615, and was interred in the chancel of 
the pariHa church of Hawlted aforefaid. His funeral was wor- 
fhipfully folemnized by his aforefaid right worfhipful ladie dame 
Anne Drury, Sir Henry Drury of Hewgeley, in com. Bucking- 
ham, knight, being chiefe mourner, being affifted by the right 
worfliipful Sir William Wray of Glentworth, in com. Lincoln, 
knight barronet, Sir Robert Drury of Rougham, in com. SufF. 
knight, Mr. Drwe Drury, Ar. and Mr. Robert Drury, Ar. the 
faid funeral being ordered by Richmond Herald, deputy to Mr. 
Clarencieux, king of arms, and Cheller Herald, the firft of Ju- 
ly ' in the yeare abovefaid. 

Dru. Drury. A. Drury. Ed. Bacon. Ro. Bacon. Butts Bacon, 
Bacquevil Bacon. Thomas Drury. Henry Felton. Phill. 

MS. in Heralds Coll. I. 16. fol. 369. 

From the above memorandum it appears, that though the Re- 
formation had made funerals lefs chargeable in fome refpe6ls 
than they had been before ; ftill however they were attended with 
very confiderable expences. In the reign of Elizabeth had been 
alfo introduced, and was ftill continued, a coflly ftyle in monu- 
mental archite6lure ; the altar-tomb, with its cumbent figures, 
having now raifed over them elaborate canopies, fupported with 
Grecian pillars. Thefe monuments were, I believe, more ex- 
penflve than thofe which had in general been eredled for fome 
time before the Reformation. 

' The parifh regifter fays, i June. 


Chap. IT. J OF H A \V S T E D. 


The following is *^ a note of all the church goodes of the pa- 
" rifli church of.Hawfted, made this 15th of April, 1637,'* 
from a decaying piece of paper in the church chert. 

Imprimis, the communion table with 2 carpets; one of them 
of lattine, and the other of fuftine. 

Item, one table cloth, of dyoper, and 2 napkins of dyoper. 

Item, one communion cup of filver, with the plate to lay 
bread on, of filver alfo ; and one flaggon of fine pewter. 

Item, one furples and the houde. 

Item, one church bible * of the largeft vollura. 

Item, one boucke of common prayer. 

Item, two bouckes of homiles. 

Item, the boucke of canons. 

Item, two other bouckes, one of Juel's works, and the other 
of Erafmius upon the evangeles % with a defk belonging to 
them, Ifanding in the middle fpace. 

Item, two regirter bouckes. 

Item, one flatute boucke ' made the 3d of king James. 

Item, one boucke for the right of kinges. 

Item, one paper boucke '* to fet in the names of flrange 


' A bible of the larger volume was enjoined by Henry VIII. Edward VI. and the 
80th canon. The prefent one was probably king James's bible, printed in fol. 161 1. 

* Edward VI. in the firit year of his reign, enjoined, that within 12 months 
Eralmus hisparaphrale on the gofpel be provided, and conveniently placed in the 
church for people to read in. Bifhop Juel's defence of his own apology, was in 
fuch efteem (fays Granger) that it was commanded by Elizabeth, James I. and 
Charles I. and four archbifliops, to be chained in all parifli churches for public ufe. 
He was one of thegreatefl: champions of the reformed religion. 

^ I fuppofe a book that contained the afV for the annual obfervance of Novemb. 
5, and thofe pafTed at the fame time againll thofe concerned in that plot, and Popifli 

* This book is now lofl:, but I have feen part of one belonging to a neighbour- 

F ing 


Item, ten other fmall prayer bouckes which were injoined to 

Item, two payer of orgaynes * ftanding in the chanfell. 

Itcin, one cufliing belongmg to the pulpet, one ciuten of 
'bu .... 

Item, one oure glafe % with an iron frame to it. 

Item, one great cheafte ^ with 3 locks and 3 keis, and one 
little bockes within it, which hath the town evidences, and two 
brafies for the B . . . . and one large peefe of iron. 

ing parifh continued down as low as 1 706. And fo great was the number of names, 
that it feems to have been the fafhion of the time to entertain the audience with a 
variety of preachers. This booI< was enjoined by the canons of 1571 and 1603 ; 
and continued to be an article of epifcopal enquiry in this diocefe till at leaft as late 
as 1 686. " Have you a book of paper, wherein are duly recorded the names and 
" licences of all fuch ftrangers as are admitted at any time to preach in your church 
** or chapel ?" The introduclion of new doftrines both civil and religious, abous 
■which people thought fo differently, made it neceffary for government, for a long 
time after the Reformation, to lay frequent reftraints upon preachers. Thefe books 
jire now become ufelefs, and bifiiops ceafe to enquire after them. 

' Thefe muft have been of fmall dimenfions to have been placed conveniently 
in a room only 33 | by i8 feet. 

* In the account of the church-wardens of St. Helen's, in Abington, Berks, iv^. 
•was paid for an hour glafs for the pulpit, in 159 1. Archaeolog. V. I. p. 22. There 
is fcarcely perhaps an earlier mention of this implement. It was uled at Paul's Crofs 
in 1616 ; for in a painting of that and the church, of thatdate, now in the Library 
of the Society of Antiquaries of London, I obferved an hour-glafs near the preacher; 
and the cuftonfi continued tiU aficr the reftoration ; for a very fine one, which coft 
xviij J. was brought from Holland to Lynn, in Norfolk. Blomtfield's Hifl:. V. IV. 
p. 131. The iron frames in which they flood are fometimes ftili fecn near pulpits. 

^ The large cheft with 3 keys ftiil contains the evidences belonging to the parifh ; 
and was probably in being before the Canons of 1603 enjoined every parifh to pro- 
vide a fure coffer, with 3 locks and keys, in which the parifli rcgifler was to be kept. 
It has a narrow hole on the top cxadtly over the little box lodged within, through 
which the money of the charitable was to be dropped. A box of this ibrt, called 
ibe poor mens box y was enjoined by Edw. VI.; the alms fo collected were to be 
diflributed among the poor at convenient times, in the prefence of the parifh. The 
canons of 1603 ordered it to have 3 keys; and the placing it within the large one 
that had that number, appears a frugal compliance with the law. The bralfes and 
the long piece of iron, whatever were their ufes, bave efcaped the three locks 
iind keys. 


Chap. IL] OF HAWSTED. 3^ 

Item, the cover of the fiinte of winefcot. 

Item, ten forms great and fmall. 

Item, in the fteeple three great bells, with all things belonging 
to them. 

Item, one little bell ', hanging between the church and 

Item, one beere and three ladders ftanding iu the fleeple. 

Item, two great ches ' flanding in the neather foUer ^ of the 

Having thus put together whatever this place could fupply 
towards illuftrating fome of the religious cuftoms and modes of 
thinking of our anceftors, I fliall now proceed to the de- 
fcription of 


But I muft firft hope to be indulged in a fliort paufe in the 
church-yard, which I can never enter without a variety of re- 
flexions rufliing in upon my mind : for, exclufive of thofe ferious 
thoughts, with which thefe fcenes of mortality, wdierever they 
occur, muft neceffarily infpire a contemplative mind, I confider 
this and other rural repofitories of the dead, as the laft refting- 
places of fome of the moft valuable members of fociety ; of thofe 

^ It ftill hangs there on the rood-loft, and is about 6 inches diameter. It was 
rung probably at fome particular parts of divine fervice (as at the confecration or 
elevar'on of the Hoft, wlicnce it is fometimes called the fiici'w.g, q. d. conle- 
crating b;ll), to roule the attention of the audience, fome of whom who fat at 
the S. E. and N. E. corners of the church could not well fee what was tranf- 
afting at the high altar. I recolleft not to have clfewhere ktn one of thefe bells ; 
and wonder that this has efcaped all the reformations that this church has fuffered. 
The faint's bell was hung on the outfide, and gave notice to thofe abroad when 
the more folemn afts of religion were performing. 

- Thefe were probably the old ones ufed before the Reformation, when the 
various veftments belonging to the church required much more room than they do 
at prefent ; they are now gone. 

^ i. e. the lower Ilorj'. 

F 2 ^vho 


who have fpent their days in inceffant labour and poverty, cul- 
tivating the lands of others, and reaping harvefls, which fill 
the kingdom with plenty, and of which they themfelves can 
purchafe but a fcanty pittance. It is from thefe " rude fore- 
*' fathers of the hamlet" that our fleets and armies are fupplied 
with an intrepid race of warriors ; from thefe. that our manu- 
fa(51uring towns are furniflied with ufeful mechanics, and 
imperial London itfelf prevented from becoming a defert. What 
unformed Hampdens, Miltons, and Cromwells, may here repofe, 
I indulge not my fancy in conje(Sturing, while I am certain that 
under thefe neglecfted hillocks lie thofe who, with perfevering 
patience, performed the tafk allotted them by heaven ; and, at 
the clofe of it, laid down their lives with a reiignation, which I 
can witnefs would have done credit to philofophers. 

In this church-yard the aflies of two paftors arq mingled with 
thofe of their flock. On an altar monument clofe to the 
chancel door is this infcription: 

If virtue and goodnefs could have faved from death;;. 
Thou hadfl not htre been ftopt. 
Underneath is interred the body of the Rev. 
Anthony Pitches, 
Late redor of this parifh ; 
Whofe modefty and fincere love of truth was fuch. 
That to flatter his memory would be to infult 
His afhes. 
A man of great humanity, equal probity, and 
Undiflembled piety. 
In preaching the word of God, he was 

Diligent and fuccefsful ; 

In doing it, moft exafl and exemplary. 

The firmnefs of his virtue carried him with credit 

Through all the difficulties of his time. 
His notions of God were, like that great Being, 
Juft and venerable : 
Of R.eligion, like the dodtrine he taught. 
Pure and fcriptural : 


Chap. 11.] O F H A W S T B D. 3^ 

Of Government, like the laws of his country^ 

Free and manly.. 

In a word, 

He really was, vvhac he would others to be, 

A true Englifhman, and a true Proteflanr^ 

A Loyalift, and a Chu-chman. 

He died Auguft 15, 1; 'o, aged 63. 

Under the eaft window of the chancel a mural tablet of ftone;^, 
fronting four coffin-lhaped monuments, in thus infcribed : 

H. M. S. 

To the memory of the R.ev. Mr. Ricli. Pitches, A. M. reftor of this 
parifli, ar;d Ton to the late Rev. Mr. Anth. Pitches, reflor of this parilh 
alfo; who, to the great grief and lofs of all that knew hiin, after a long 
and tedious illnefs, rcfigned his f)nl to God who gave it him, in hopes 
of a blefled refurrcftion to life eternal, on the 6th day of Oft. 

. ( lEtnt. 40, 
Anno<( „ , . ^ ♦ 

j^Sakuis 1727. 

To the memory of Mrs. Henrietta Maria Pitches, wife to the Rev. Mr- 
Rich. P:tches, and daughter of William Capell, Efq; of Stow Hall, ir» 
Suffolke. Slie left behind her one fon and two daughters, and rdigncd 
ber foul to God who gave her it, on the 5th day of Nov. 

. f 7Etat. 47, 

Anno < n , .. ^■^*r 
(_halut. 1720. 

To the memory of Sarah Tyrrell, widow, fifter to the late Rev. Mr., 

Anthony Pitches, reftor of this parifh, and wife to Mr. Henry Tyrrell,. 

Attorney at law, in London. She departed this life in a good old age. 

on the 5th day of February. 

. fiEtat. 86, 
A-nno < c 1 . 

|_Salut. 1724-5. 

To the memory of Mrs. Mary Capell, daughter of the a,bove-men- 
tioned William Capell, Efq; She departed this life on the twentieth day 
of Jan. Anno Salur. 1724-5. 

Arms. A lion rampant crowned, empaling a lion rampant 
between three crofs crofllets litche. Creft, a lion's head erafed. 


38 HISTORY AND A N T I dU I T I E S [Chap. IT. 

The humble efforts of the ruftic Mule flioiild not be defpifed. 
They have often a very afrc6ting fimplicity, and tell the moral 
tale tuU as well as more laboured compolitions. The following 
are ibledted from fome others of an equally fober and rational 

Here lieth the body of Jofeph Pavis, Here lyeth the body of Edward PalTey, 
who dyed May the 6th, lyoi. who dyed the loth of May, 1701. 

Think oft of death Few were his years on earth 
And feare to fin ; But yet in living well. 

When this life ends. He is more fafe 

Eternity begin '. Thau they that fourfcore tell. 

Mr. Thomfon Wycks dyed March Here lyeth the body of Mercy " 
the 9th, 1714, aged 24 years. fon of llobert Hay ward, who.dep. 

Behold I'm dead, yet Hull Hive. '^^^^^'^ J^^^ 4, 1694, aged 40 

'J'ake heed all ye that me furvive. ^ 

There is a great partiality to burying on the fouth and eaft 
fides of the church-yard. About 20 years ago, when I firft 
became rector, and obferved how thofe fides (particularly the 
fouth) were crowded with graves, I prevailed upon a few perfons 
to bury their friends on the north, which was entirely vacant; 
but tiie example was not followed as I hoped it would: and they 
continue to bury on the fouth, where a corpfe is rarely interred 
without difturbing the bones of its anceftors. 

This partiality may perhaps at firft have partly arifen from 
the antient cuflom of praying for the dead ; for as the ufual 
approach to this and moft country churches is by the fouth, it was 
natural for burials to be on that fide, that thofe who were going 
to divine fervice might, in their way, by the fight of the graves 
of their friends, be put in mind to offer up a prayer for the 

' A fmgular fubflantive and a plural verb do not fhock a SufFolcian — fuch a 
barbarifm is one of the leading features of his hmguage. 
- It was a puritanical fafhion to chrilkn by fuch names. 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 39 

welfare of their fouls ; and even now, fince the cuftom of 
praying for the dead is abolillied, the fame obvious iituation 
of graves may excite ibme tender recolle6tion in thofe who view 
them, and filently implore " the palhng tribute of a Ugh." 
That this motive has its influence, may be concluded from the 
graves that appear on the north fide of the church-yard, when 
the approach to the church happens to be that way ; of this 
there are fome few inftances in this neighbourhood. Still, how-^ 
ever, even in this cafe, the foutii fide is well tenanted ; there 
muft therefore have been fome ether caufe of this preference.. 
The fuppofed fan6lity of the eafl is well known, and is derived. 
from our Saviour's, that Sun of Righteouliiefs, appearing in that 
quarter with refpeit to us ; from the tradition of his aicending 
to heaven eallward from mount Olivet; and from an opinion that 
He will appear in that quarter at the lall day. Hence the cuftom 
of building churches with one end pointing towards the eaft ; 
of our turning ourfelves in fome parts of our prayers towards 
that point; and being buried with our faces direfted that way. 
Has then the idea been extended, and any analogy conceived 
to be between the Sun of Righteoufnefs and the material fun; 
fo that thofe who are buried within the rays of the latter may 
hav^e a better claim to the prote6lion of the ? Ho'Vever 
this may be, and whatever origin this preference of the fouth 
and eaft to the north may have had, the fail itfelf is certain. 
Morefin, as quoted and tranflated by Brand, in his " Popular 
*' Antiquities," p. 53. fays, in Popifli burying-grounds, thofe 
who were reputed good Chriftians lay towards the fouth and 
eaft; others, who had fuffered capital punifliment, laid violent 
hands on themfelves, or the like, were buried towards the north : 
a cuftom that had formerly been of frequent ufe in Scotland. 

In this church-yard ftood formerly a Oo/}, two fiagmeiits of 
which lie clofe to the fence on the foutii fide ; and its hand- 


^> HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. H. 

fome pedeftal, charged with the Driiry arms, is cut in two, and 
Icrves as ileps to the north door of the church. 

Another flood where the diredlion-poft now ftands, clofe to 
the church-yard, and gave the name of Cocks-crouch ' Lane 
(as appears by old deeds) to the lane at the eaft end of the 
Church Houfe. 

Crqlfes were very early erected in church-yards, to put paf- 
fengers in mind to pray for the fouls of thole whofe bodies lay 
-there interred; in 150 1, a crofs was alfo ordered by will to be 
ere6ted in Hardley church-yard, Norf. " pro Palmis in die 
Hamis Palmarum offerendis "." 

Though few perhaps would wifli to fee thefe ceremonies re- 
vived, yet may it be doubted, whether, if thefe crofies were 
now ftanding, the morals of the parifhioners would be injured 
by them. The peafant paffing by them, in the morning, to 
his daily labour, might, by calling his eyes upon fuch obje6LS, 
receive an imprelTion, that would have a happy influence on his 
conduct the reft of the day. 

No cattle but fheep are fulFcred to feed in this enclofure, fo 
that the precaution mentioned in the following lines is never 
iieceffiiry here ; 

With wicker rods we fenc'd her tomb around, 

To ward from man and beaft the hallo w'd ground : 

Left her new grave the parfon's cattle rafe, 

For both his horfe and cow the church-yard graze. 


' Cock's Crouch is, God's Crofs. The firft word is corrupted in that manner 
■siore than once in Chaucer. 

" Blomcfield's Hid. Vol. V. p. 11 33. 

I Let 


Chap. II.] OF H A W S T E D. 4^ 

Let us now confickr the Chupxh itfeif. 

It is dedicated to All Saints, and fitnated near the centre of 
the village. It is built of freeftone, and flints broken into 
fmooth faces ; materials moft durable, and by the contrail or 
their colours producing a Very good effect. Of this kind of work 
more is to be met with in this diocefe than in almoll the whole 
kingdom befides. The porches, buttreffes, and embattled pa- 
rapets, are, in general, the moft laboured parts ; the flints not 
being only mixed with the free-ftone, but beautifully inlaid in a 
variety of patterns. Of this inlaying, the lower part of this 
fteeple exhibits no inelegant fpecimens, in mullets, quatre-foils, 
interlaced triangles, &c. 

Of the exad; age of the prefent building I have no records : 
but it fpeaks fufficiently plainly for itfeif. The very obtufely 
pointed arches of the windows fhew it at firft fight to be of no 
confiderable antiquity ; for the very lliarply-pointed arch, which 
lucceeded the circular one about the year 1200, expanded itfeif 
by degrees, and grew more and more obtufe, till towards the 
reign of Henry VII. it approached the fegment of a large circle. 
The munnions alfo of the windows carried ftrait from the bottom 
to the top befpeak a modern date ; for before the reign of 
Henry VI. thefe munnions diverged towards the top, and formed 
a variety of beautiful tracery in the upper part of the window. 
Thefe particulars are fufficient to prove the building to have no 
pretenfions to antiquity. The arms of the Druries, in ftone, in 
the fteeple, will go very nearly to afcertain its precife date. That 
family did not purchafe the manor and advowfon till 20 Hen. VII. 
and the arms of the purchafer. Sir Robert Drury, empaling 
thofe of Calthorpe his wife ; as alfo thofe of his fon Sir William 
empaling thofe of his firft wife, Jane St. Maur, are over the weft 

G dcor 


door of the fleeple, and were doubtlefs wrought intoit at the 
time of its conftrudtioii. Sir Robert died in 1520, and his 
daugliter-in-law Jane in 1517 ; the age therefore of the prefent 
building may be fixed at the beginning of the i6th century ', 
and the excellence of its workmanfhip would not difgrace any 
period. Its walls for about two feet above ground are of free- 
ftonc, and pro;e6t all round in the nature of a buttrefs, exa6lly 
like thofe at VVindfor-Caftle ; a particular which I recolledf not 
in any other country church. Of the handfomely embattled 
fteeple, 63 feet high, the engraving will give an idea. At one 
of its corners is an iron weather-cock, which has folicited the 
eledlric fliock for centuries ; but the fabric flill remains entire ; 
and I cannot help obferving, that if modern philofophy did not 
feem to afcertain the power of iron rods to condu61; the lightning, 
I fliould almoft doubt the faifl ; for there is another facft that 
appears to warrant a different conclufion ; and this is, that 
almoft every country fleeple, exclufive of its weather-cock, is 
furniflied with feveral iron rods that are let into the ftone battle- 
ments to flrengthen them ; thefe rods ought to condudl the light- 
ning into the buildings, and fhatter them to pieces: flill, however, 
thefe buildings brave the tempeft, and ftand unflricken for ages. 

The Chancel is of a different age and inferior flyle, its walls 
being of rough flints plaflered over ; its fouth windoAv next the 
church fharp pointed at top, and ornamented with a quaterfoil, 
is certainly older than thofe of the church ; bnt this is later than 
the building itfelf; for clofe to it are the vefliges of a lancet 
window, which was flopped up to make room for it. The bottom 
of this window, as well as of that oppoflte to it (which is of 

» Yet, in 1533, °"'^ ^^ ^^ parifliionersleft xl j. to the reparation of the church : 
and another in 1552, xj. to the building of the roof. The firll bequeft vvas meant 
probably for the general fupport of the church ; the fecond might be for the new 
tiling of the roof, or the repair of fome accidental breach. 


Chap. 11.] OF H A W S T E D. 43 

the lame age, though larger) comes within two feet, or lefs, of 
the ground ; much lower than thofe in the church, or the old 
ones in the chancel : a particularity which 1 have noted in fome 
other country churches in thefe parts, and for which 1 cannot 
well account. There w^as alfo on this fide another lancet window, 
and a third much wider, both flopped \\p, perhaps for the 
monuments within. Thefe lancet windows (lb called from their 
flender fliape terminating in a point") fuccefeded the circular 
ones, and had a very mean appearance. If ever they were 
tolerable, it was on the north fide, that as little air as poflible 
might be admitted from that quarter ; when they were in 
triplets, and adorned with taper columns, they had a good 
effect. The eaft window is evidently of the fame age with thofe 
in the church, and probably put in to correfpond with them. 
The north window, though exacSlly oppofite that on the fouth, 
and of the fame age, is different from it both in fize and 
pattern. The north and fouth windows of the church are alfo 
different from each other. This particular is mentioned, as the 
■want of uniformity in mofl ancient buildings is one of their 
moft ftriking characters. Our old architedts fcem to have thought 
that beauty confifted in variety. The roof was entirely made 
new in 1780, when the thatch was exchanged for tiles, at the 
expence of i o o ;^. 

The ufual entrance into the church is by the fouth porch, at 
the right hand corner of which, clofe to the door, Hands a pillar 
of SmTex marble two feet high, and nine inches in diameter, on 
which doubtlefs flood a bafon for the holy water ', into which 

' It was formerly called a holy water y?(j/>, or Jlcup; and was generally a ftor.e 
bafon inferred in the wall, clofe to the door, fometimes within, fometimcs without. 
The veftiges of them are flill common. They were alio frequently near altars in the 
church, on the north fide, or at the right hand of the officiating prieft ; fo that 
where one of thefe appears (except juft at the entrance) it may be concluded that an 
altar formerly flood clofe to it. 

G % thofe 

44 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U 1 T I E S [Chap. IT. 

thofe ^vhc) entered rhe cliurcli dipped one of their fingers, and 
then crolfed themfelves, as is 1x111 the conftant cuftom in Catholic 
covintiies. This door-cafe, as well as that oppofite to it, have 
both circular arches, with zig-zag mouldings, evidently of a much 
older ftyle and date than any other part of the building ; nor is 
this an uncommon circumflance ; for which I have elfewhere ', 
and I think falisfaiftai'ily, accounted, by fuppofing that thefe an- 
cient door cafes, in comparatively modern buildings, belonged to 
former churches : and when thefe went to decay, and were to be 
rebuilt, the arched door-cafes, both from their materials and con- 
ftruction continuing found and entire, were wrought up in the 
new^ work, and now exhibit a great diverfity of ftyle. 

The Church confifts of a body or nave only, and is within the 
walls 58 feet long, 29 ^th wide, and about 36 to the higheft 
point of the roof. There are fome pews for the principal inha- 
bitants towards the Eall: end, in the neighbourhood of the 
pulpit. The reft of the feats are probably coeval with the churchy 
being regular benches, all alike, with a low^ back- board to each. 
Pews, that fo much deform our Proteftant churches, were not 
common till the beginning of the laft century ; but, however 
uniform and undiftinguiflied the ancient feats were, and however 
pecuharly improper fubjeils to excite any of the ungentle 
pailions, they were very early the caufes of contentions, which 
the fynod of Exeter endeavoured to obviate in 1287, by de- 
claring, that all perfons, except noblemen and patrons, w hen they 
came to church to fay their prayers, might do it in what place 
they pleafed \ Early in the laft century, there feem to have 


' Antiquarian Repertory, vol. II. p. 238. 

^ SecStaveley's Hiflory of Churches, p. 277, lail edition. The editors of the Hif- 
tory of Wcftmorland and Cumberland inform us, that in feveral churches in thofe 
parts the feats are to this day unappropriated. The contrary praiftice, add they, is ex,- 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 4$ 

been fome clifputes about the feats in this church ; for from a 
decaying paper, fome years ago in the church chelV, it appeared, 
that Richard Pead, Reg'rarViS, direilcd an inrtrurnent to the church- 
wardens, charging and commanding them to place the inha- 
bitants in fuch leats in the church as they fliould think proper, 
according to tlicir eftates, degrees, and callings ; but their 
power was not to extend to feats belonging to houfes of note 
and worfliip. Returns were to be made of thofe that were 
refractory ; dated i Dec. i6?.3. " Is there any ftrife or contention 
about feats in the church?" is ihll an article of epifcopal enquiry. 

The roof is formed of the rafters on which the tiles are laid,, 
the intervals being filled with oaken planks. The braces and 
principals are carved ; of the latter every other one is fui3ported 
by an angel. Thefe angels, when vveil executed, I have always 
reckoned among the moil agreeable ornaments of our ancient 
churches. Their drapery and different attributes admitted much 
variety and elegance of fculpture ; and their being reprefented 
as hovering over the congregation, and aflifting their devotions, 
muft have conveyed the moil: pleaiing and animating ideas to our 
anceitors. There is no doubt (fays an old Capitulum) but the 
prefence of God's angels is in churches \ And in the Com- 
munion Service fct forth by Edward Yl. the Almighty is 
befeeched " to accept this our bounden duty and .fervice, 
*' and to command thefe our prayers and fupplications by 
" the miniftry of thy holy angels to be brought up into thy 
" holy tabernacle, before the iaght of thy Divine Majeily.!* 
The angels in this church have had their heads and wings 
taken away, probably by Mr. Wm. Dowiing, of Stratford, in 
this county, who made his reforming circuit in the years 1643 

iremely inconvenient in many places, particularly in the metropolis, where one may 
frequently fee molt of the congregation {landing in the alleys, whilft the pews riij 
locked uj\ the o'.vners thereof being in the country, or perhaps in bed.Yol. I. p..4S5- 
» Jojinl'on's Ecclef. Laws, 9^4. 10. 

• and. 

4S "HISTORY AND A N T I QJJ I T I E S [Chap. 11. 

and 1644, to deftroy the fuperftitious images and infcriptions 
311 churches; and did increcib'e mifchief. I have part of the 
journal of his tranfadlions ; the angels and cherubiins in the 
roof are conftantly ordered to be taken down : to have taken 
them down would often have endangered the roof; fo defacing 
was thought fufficient. 

The font, elevated on two fteps, ftands at the Weft end, in 
the centre ; placed there, I apprehend, fince the Reformation ; 
for, in its prefent fituation, it would have obftrudted the ancient 
procellions, which entered the weft door of the fteeple, and 
advanced to the high altar. It is of plain ftone, fquare without, 
and circular within, i ;- feet in diameter, 1 1 inches deep, lined 
with lead, and having a hole at the bottom. Through this 
hole the confecrated water ', when it was to be renewed, was 
let off^, and defcended into a cavity below, where it was abforbed 
by the earth, that it might not be irreverently thrown away, or 
applied to any profane ufe. At the upper edge of it are the 
remains of the iron faftenings, by which the cover was for- 
merly locked down, for fear of Sorcery ". How long this cuftom 
continued I cannot fay ; but a lock was bought for the font in 
Brockdifli church, Norfolk, as late as 1553 \ A cover is all the 
canons now require. 

The Ten Commandments are painted on the eaft walls of the 
church, and near them the Lord's Prayer and the Belief. The 
former only are required by the Bad canon, which direds them 
to be ffct at the eaft end of every church and chapel, where the 

The confecrated baptifmal water iifed to be kept in the font. In 1236 it was 
not to remain more than feven days, after the baptifm of an infant. 2 lidw. VI. 
it was to be clianged every month once at lealt. 

"^ " Pontes baptifmales fiib fera claufi teneantur, propter fortilegia." Conftitution 
of Edmund in 1256. The forcery here guarded againit was fome vulgar fuperftition, 
fiivs 1-indwood, better concealed, than explained. 

' Blomefield, Vol. III. p. 228. 


Chap. II.l OFHAWSTED., 47 

people may bcft fee and rend them. Qaccn Elizabeth ordered 
them to be placed at the eaft end of the chancel. This might be 
convenient formerly, when prayer-books were not fo commoa 
as at prefent ; but now they fcarcely anfwer any other purpofe,, 
than to disfigure the walls, by being generally ill executed, and 
becoming obfcure. 

The Chancel is 33 7 by 18 feet, and about 24 high. The 
ceiling is coved and plaftered, and divided into compartments 
by mouldings of wood, the interfedlions of which are adorned 
with antique heads, and foliage, preferv-ed from the old one. All 
its windows have been handfomely painted. Several coats of 
arms of the Drurys and Cloptons Hill remain, as alfo fome 
headlefs figures of faints and angels, The deftroying the faces 
of " Superititious Images" was a facrifice that often fatisfied 
Oliver's ecclefiaftical vilitors. The communion table is raifed 
two fteps, which (as well as the area within the rails) are of black 
and w^hite marble, and muft have been made fince the Refto- 
ration ; for the levelling the fteps in chancels was a great obje£L. 
with the Fanatics, and one of Dowfing's conftant direcflions. 
It was defigned to diminifli the dignity of the communion table, 
which was fometimes placed in the middle of the chancel. 
Without the faith of hiftory, pofterity would hardly credit the 
difputes of .their forefathers about the name and fituation of this 
piece of church furniture. That in queftion is furniflied widi a 
green cloth fringed, a linen cloth and two napkins, two cups and 
two patins of fdver, and a pewter fiaggon. 

At one corner ftands a wooden lecftorne, on which lie Erafmus's 
Faraphrafe, Bilhop Juel's Works, and the Book of Homilies ; 
the laft very lately ordered by the vilitors to be procured, in 
compliance, I fuppofe, with the 80th canon, though it was not 
an article of enquiry in the primary vifitaticn of the late bilhop. 


j ] H I 3 1 O !i Y AND AN T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. II. 

i! will t.ikc probably a long unclithirbed ilumber with its com- 

. The weft end, und part of the north and iouth fides are fur- 
niihcd with fculptured benches and defks. All redtors were 
'.onimanded to find thcfe at their own expcnce ; they were for 
'he priclls and clerks to fit in, and lay their books, while they 
were readino; or linrdn'j their hours or breviaries '. On the 
liorth fide is a veltry, under which is a vault. 

In the middle of the pavement at the weft: end is a foft light- 
coloured ftone, 5 f. 4 i. by 2. ii. with a fmall crofs engraven 
at one corner ; it had formerly, no doubt, one at each cornej-, 
and a fifth in the middle ; but thefe are worn out by being 
much trodden upon. It was the upper part of an altar, which 
was ahvays marked in that manner upon its confecration. Some- 
times the upper ftones of tombs are fo diftingvdftied ; as that 
for the French queen, afterwards duchefs of Suffolk, in the 
neighbouring church of St. Mary, at Bury. In the S. aile of 
St. Alban's abbey-church, at entering, is a tomb covered by a 
moft beautiful and thick llab of dark Derby fliire marble, richly 
inlaid by the hand of nature, with great variety of foflTil fliells, 
and having a crofs cut in it at the four corners, and a fifth in 
the centre, and probably the table of fome altar in that fuperb 

The church and chancel are divided by a wooden fcreen of 
Gothic work. This ufed to be called the Rood-loft, from the 
rcprefentation of our Saviour on the Rood or Crofs, ufually placed 
upon it, between the figures of the Virgin Mary and St. John. 
It was before thefe that the lamp was to burn, for which a piece 
of land was bequeathed in 1503. Thefe images were ordered 
to be taken down, i Edw. VI. fet up again by queen Mary, and 
finally abolifticd 2 Eliz. Their place is at prcfent not very orna- 

.' Johnfon's Ecckf. Laws, 1250, and Addenda. 


Chap. II.] OF HA \V S T E: D. 


mentally fupplied by a painted tablet of the royal arms, which 
I wonder to fee fo frequently in churches, as I know of no law 
that enjoins it; as it is often a fliabby, never an elegant piece of 
furniture, and as the church has badges enough befides of her 
dependance on the ftate : The little bell on this fcreen has been 
mentioned before, p. 35. 

In the fteeple are three bells ; the two largeft were call: fince 
the fafliion ceafed of chrilfening and naming bells; and have 
only the names of the founder and church-warden. Henry 
Pleafant made me, 1696. Thomas Cafon, church- warden; the 
fmallefl is infcribed, 

(i!;feriji3 aniiis tttomt campaira Jo'innts. 

The re61:or made a note in the regifter, that the great bell, when 
new calf, weighed ten hundred and a half and twenty-five 
pounds ; the other, eight hundred and three quarters and ievcn 

Having thus given fome account of the church, and its fur- 
niture, I lliall proceed to defcribe, in chronological order, th« 
fepulchral monuments it contains. 

Within an arched recefs, in the middle of the north-wall 
of the chancel, and nearly level with the pavement, lies a 
crofs-legged figure of ftone. The late Sir James Burrougli, 
in the Appendix to Magna Britannia, in Suffolk, fays, I know 
not upon what ground, it is for one of the family of Fitz- 
Eultace, who were lords here in the reigns of Henry III. and 
Edward I.' it is certainly coeval with the chancel, which is of that 
age. That all thefe crofs-legged figures are for Knights Templars, 
as has been fuppoied, is certainly not true ; thofe in the Temple 
church at London, were not for perfons of that Order ; it is 
probable they were for thofe who had been in the crufades, 01 

H had 

S9 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. 11. 

had by any means contributed to that fervice. However that 
may be, this kind of monumental figuie feems to have been 
much in falhion till the year 1 31 2, when the order of Templars 
finking into ruin and contempt, whatever had reference to them 
fell almoil entirely into difule '. That in queltion is a very 
handfome one ; the arch being elegantly fculptured with foliage^ 
and a Gothic turret riling from the head and feet, connected by 
a battlement at top. 

As ancient perhaps as the laft, is a flat flab of Suflex marble, 
near the chancel door, 7 feet long, and wider at one end than 
the other. It has been mifplaced, lying north and fouth ; it was 
probably for an ecclefiaftic ; but no veftige of an inlcriptioii 
remains. Stones of this fliape were frequently the lids of 
coflins, which lay no deeper than their own depth in the earth, 
fo that their coverings formed part of the pavement. 

In the middle of the church towards the eafl end, is a flat 
flab of Suflex marble, 8 ^ by 4 ^ "feet ; by its efcutcheons in 
brafs, it appears to be for Ro'^er Dniry^ Efq; who died in 1500, 
and was buried here. The efcutcheons are, 

1. A tau between 2 mullets in chief. Drury, 

2. Drury empaling a coat charged with a chevron. Han^ 

3. Drury empaling, firft, a coat charged with a chevron, on 
which is a crofs-crofllet ; fecond, 2 lyons paflant guardant. 

4. Drury empaling quarterly, ifl. 3 m\fllets on a bend, 2d. 
obfcure, except a chief ; 3 as 2, 4 as i. 

On a flat flone, clofe to the fteps that lead to the com- 
munion-table, is the portrait of a lady in brafs, in one of the 
head-drefles that were in fafliion in the reign of Henry VIL 

' Archccolog. Vol. II. p. 294. 


Chap. IL] O F H A W S T E D. 51 

triangular at top, with long depending lappets ; at her girdle 
hangs a bag or purfe, by a long Ibing, as alfo her beads ; con- 
lifting of 30 fraall pieces and 4 large ones. On this ftone 
are four efcutcheons in brafs : 

I. AlUngton and Argenton quarterly. 

1. AlUngton and Argenton quarterly empaling Drury. 

3. AlUngton and Argenton qviarterly empaling Gardener. 

4. Drury empaling, chequee a fefs ermine. Calthorpe. 

whence it appears that this ftone is for Urfula, fourth daughter 
of Sir Robert Drury and Ann Calthorpe : Ihe married Giles, Ion 
of Sir Giles Allington by Mary Gardener. 

At the head of the laft is another with only one efcutcheon 
in the centre, for Jane daughter of Sir William Saint Maury 
firft wife of Sir WilUam Drury, who will be next mentioned ; 
file died in childbed in 1517 ; the efcutcheon is, 

Drury empaling quarterly, i quarterly, 2 chevrons, 2 eight 
pellets, 3, 2, 3. 3d as 2d, 4th as ift. 2. a pheon. 3. a lyon 
palTant guardant femee of crofs crolllets. 4. 3 efcallops in a 
border engrailed. 

All thefe three lafl: had infcriptions ; but I fuppofe an un- 
fortunate orate pro anhna was their ruin. 

On the top of an altar monument of SufTex marble, in the 
fouth eaft corner of the church, is the portrait in brafs of a 
knight in armour, between his two wives, about two feet high, 
his hair is clipped fliort, his wifkers and parted beard are long ; 
his armour is flourillied with fome different metal, with large 
protuberances at the flioulders ; at his neck and wrifts are fimilar 
narrow ruffs or ruffles ; his toes are very broad. The ladies are 
habited both alike ; though this fliould not have been, for 
one died at leafl: 40 years before the other; the firft, dying, 

H 2 as 


as has been faid before, in 15 17; the other furviving her 
hufoand, as is reprefented by her eyes being oj^en, while thofe 
of the other are dofed. The hair had now been drefled for fome 
time in a much lefs forced and unnatural falhion, parted in 
the middle, and gracing- each temple. The cap, now be- 
come of a moderate fize, had affiimed a not inelegant curve 
in front, and was embellifned with a fillet ; the mantle, or 
upper garment, has round hanging lleeves, reaching to the 
ground ; the ruffs at the neck and wrifts are the fame as the 
man's ; as are alfo the broad toes, and unbecoming protuberances 
at the Ihoulders ; the fexes, it is obfervablc, at all times follow- 
ing each other's fafliion in feveral particulars of their drefs. The 
beads had quitted the girdle, and given place to the bible, which 
hung by a ribbon almoft as low as the feet. This defcription 
has been the more minvite, as it may afcertain the date of fimilar 
figures, that have loft their infcriptions. The age of thefe is 
fixed by the following epitaph on a brafs plate: 

^ci'c Ii^ctl) fIot?)co notD in caitlj S\;r E2Ipflm SDrur^i, fenvs()f, 

^iicf) one as Uiijvlcft Ije I^Ijcd Ijci'c iuas lotjco of ctocry lui'gljt ; 

g>aclj tcinpcrancc Ijc DpD rcra^inc, ftitij prticcnt ciirtcfi', 

%m\) ncHc nii'uoc, iiiitf) jtiflifc jo^iiD ftirfi li'bcralitj,'; 

^3 fame ptfelf fijall fouiiD foj me t})c slo:i? of Ijis name 

Q9itc1) better tijcn ti-is metall mute can aj? pjcnotutcc tl)c fame. 

etc Icticntlj of ficffv Jan^Vcr, tijc vcrc of dljciff, J f^nu, 

i3 tjictifrtuti f^'tjc IjunDrcD fs.'ftj,' fc^eii fjtiJ 'ovtM tljrpiJ untUiinD. 

ZZll)Q ret fctl; ii.'i)c, anD fiiad Do ftyll, in ijcails ef tljcut ^t Unctu ^pi. 

<iI5co Qiwimt i\)c flvppcs of fucf; a ff cli ii% licrtiics to cnfiie i)rm. 

Beneath the two ladies are figures of feveral children, with 
their names; Robert, William, Henry, Roger, Anne, Mary, 
Elizabeth, Fraunces, Bryget, Wynefryd, Urfula, Audrey, Do- 
rothy, Marget, Kateryn, Dorothy, Elizabeth. 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 52 

The monument next in antiquity to this is a mural one in the 
fouth eaft corner of the chancel. It confiils of a bafemcnt about 
3 feet high, on which, under an ornamented arch, hes tlie figure 
of a young female large as life, her head reclining on her left 
hand ; her mantle is drawn clofe about her neck, and edged with 
a fmall ruff; her hair is in many fmall and Ihort curls, without 
any cap or covering ; above is an emblematical female perfonage, 
furrounded with a glory, and fcattering flowers on the figure 
below : on each fide of the bafement fits a greyhound, the cog- 
nizance of the family. This is a very pleafing monument, of 
painted alabaftcr, and well executed ; only difgraced by an ugly 
death's head. All fuch reprefentations and emblems as this, 
bones in faltire, &c. I could wilh to fee baniihed from fepulchral 
monuments ; they are difagreeable objecSts in themfelves, anfwer 
no purjiofe of morality, and feem not confiflent with the fpirit 
of Chriiiianity, which never paints death in frightful or difguft- 
inf? colours. 

The infcription on a tablet of black marble is, 






GUI % 




' The word is plain enough. In the Monumenta Anglicana it is Cades, with 
Cldda q. * QuiE q. 


















Oppofite the latt is a noble mural monument, conlifting of a 
bafement, on which is a farcophagus of black marble, beneath a 
double arch fupported by Corinthian pillars. Over the arch, in 
an oval frame, is a mod fpiritcd bull: in armour, large as life. The 
%\ iirlike implements on the arch, and the relt of the ornaments, 
are all in a good tafte. This is a performance of Nicholas Stone, 
who received for it ^("140. ' 

The oval frame whicli furrounds the bull is thus infcribed ; 


' Anecdotes of Painting in Englaixl, Vol. II. p. 28. 







Ill two compartments over the farcophagus is, 





EQuiT : aur: honore (nec id domi) 











bonorum bona parte PAUPERIBUS, 



■ anim^e postliminio reddendum, 


TERR.E postliminio REDDI, 









ut pater et filius eodeivt munere, eoque summo fun- 


nicolao patre sigilli custode, 

francisco filio cancellario. 


officio erga defunctum pie, pie functa, 

hoc quod restat saxi spatium % 

quie de ipsa dicenda erunt inserendis, 

(ita velit deus, ita velint illi) 

posteris reliquit. 

On two fmall x^annels in the bafement : 

Dorothea Roberti et Anna3 
Drury filiola pulcherrima, annis 
4 nata, mortiia, hoc etiaiii 

tumulo tegitur. 

She little promis'd much. 
Too foon untide : 

She only dreamt (he liv'd. 
And then fhe dyde. 

The two laft epitaphs are, I apprehend, from the pen of Dr. 
Donne. His connedion with the family makes the fuppofition 
probable ; and the fingularity of the expreffion, " Anno fui Jefu," 
in both of thefe, and in his own written by himfelf, feems to con- 
firm it. 

Contiguous to the Lift but one is another large mural monu- 
ment, confifting, as the laft, of a farcophagus on a bafement, over 
which is a lofty entablaiure, fupported by two fquare fluted pil- 
lars of the Ionic order, and furmounted by a large cfcutcheon of 
the arms and creft., The whole is made of a white hard plafter, 
painted of a dark grey colour, and orn-am^ented with gilding and 

r.l q. 

The {"pace continues uninfcribed, no friendly hand having been ^found to fill 

-,) the void. 


Chap. II.] OFHAWSTED. 57 

flowers. It was the work of an Italian ' ; for in the fteward's 
accounts in the year 1675, I find ^^5. were three times ad- 
vanced " to the Itahan on account of the monument." And on 
the north fide of the arch that divides the church and chancel 
the artift has thus recorded' his own name and performance. 

DiAciNTo: cowcij : fecit: de: monument©, 1675. 

It is rather a heavy performance, and fcarcely juflifies the em- 
ploying of a foreign workman in preference to a native. A 
tablet over the farcophagus has this infcription in gold letters : 




ocuLis Tuis proponere; 


d'ni THOMiE Cullum baronetti ; 


fuit ENIM Deo devotissimus, 


■ There is another monument, evidently of the fame artift, but upon a much 
fmaller fcale, in the chancel of Mildenhall Church, for Sir Henry North, Bart, who 
died in 1O71. The Norths and CuUums were at that time clofely conne<Sed by 








A flat flab of black marble at the foot of the laft, has this : 


Animis coelo reddicis, 

Gorporuni exuvias 
Rev'dus Georgius Pitches, 
Glim hujus ecclefice 
Paftor fidiffimus ; 
Sara uxor ejus chariffima : 
Quorum morum probitatem, 
Turn vit£e per omnia fandtimoniam 
(Quod poflunt maxime) 
Hic A. D. 1672."! f Ilia A. D. 1706. 
JEtnt. {use 65. J \ ^tat. fuie 90. 
Sarah Tyrrel filia eorum nata maxima 
In infigne pietatis erga defunftos 
Hoc marmor pofuit. 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. Sj 

On a flat flab of white marble, bordered with black, clofe ta 
the crofs-legged figure, is this ; 

Hie infra fitus eft 

Thomas Cullum 

Frater natu minor Dudleii Cullum, Bar'ti, 

Obiit 2 2 die Decembris, 

. fRedemptionis, 1700. 
Anno-J Tp^ . V o 
\_^tatis fuas, 38. 

Cui tanta fuit, etiam in hac turba, animi ferenitas, 

Tantus amoris et harmonic aiFedus, 

Ut lubitus et inopinatus ejus decefius 

Fidem fecefit, 

HarmOnicos angelorurii choros 

Animam iis adeo fimilem et adoptivam 


(Ut nobis accidit) 


Intrepida pone reliquit angelos 

Surfum celeriter exurgens anima ; 

Et quam primum cantus cslicolarum audit. 

Voce baud minus divina 

Ipfa cantabat. 

On three mural tablets on the north fide of the chancel, 
adorned with neat pillars, &c, of marble, are the following, 
infcriptions ; 

Hie jacet 

Quod mori potuit 

D'ni Dudleii Cullum, Baronetti ; 

Viri, non una fed multis, 

lifque prajftantiffimis virtutibus infignitu 

Nimkum Dei Optim. Maxim, affiduus 

Et fmcerus erat venerator: 

Regiae m ijeftatis fidelis fubditus, 

Pairije amator fortis, 

Libertatis vindex acerrimus. 

Nee vitae p: ivats minus indaruit 

Ornamcntis : 

I z S radio 

^o HISTORY AND A N T I Q.U I T I E S [Chap. II. 

Studio conjugal! erga binas uxores 

Nedum fuperandus, 

Vix fuit aflequendus, 

Et ne te diutius morer 


Summa erga omnes humanitate 


Cui parem non facile nos invenimus. 

Nee pofteri funt vifuri. 

^, .. fwffiltati.s Lxiii°. 

Obut anno < o i .• o 

{_SalutlS MDCCXX". 

Depinge, Marmor, 

Sublimem, juftam tamen, iconem hon'lis Ann:e 

FilijE auguftilHtni Joh'is d'ni Berkley, Baronis de Stratton, 


Dilefliffims uxoris d'ni Dudleii Cullum de Hawfled Bar'ti, 

Cujus egregia lam externa quam interna ornamenta 

(Numero et fplendore 

GalaxicE fimilia) 

Qiiaquaverfum efFulgebant. 

Inaffeftatam humilitatem in fecundisj 

Inexhauftam patientiam in adverfis, 

DifFufam charitatem pauperibus, 

Benignam clennentiam univerfis -, 


Catholicam pietatem Deo 

Huj'JS priEclarse Fcemin;e 

(nunc ccelicolffi) ' ""'* 

Agnofcebant mail ; 

Maximi pendebant omnes* 

Nofce ergo, viator, 

"Quod fortunae cOrporifque dotibus 

Erat illuftris, 

Natu illuftrior, 

Virtute illuftriffima. 


iEftima, et lemulare. 

J-.I •• fiEtatis XLiinl. 

Obiit anno< n i .- 

j^Salutis MD.CClX'!. 


Cfaap. 11.3 OFHAWSTED. 6i 


Tandem infcriptum feras, 

(Quod ipfe olim voluit et curavit) 

Hie juxta requiefcere 

Annam, alteram 

D'ni Dudleii CuUum, Bar'ti, uxorem: 

Quie fanguine ilium attingens, 

Virtutibus autem conjundtior, 

A teneris annis intra caftum ejus limen 


Difciplinis optimis ab ipfo inflituta, 

Vifa eft precipue digna, 

Ut fibi in matrlrr.onium adfcifceretur, 

Orbitatis fuze, et jam ingravefcentis statis 

Obleftamentum et folatiurp. 

Huic vero fuperftes, 

Secundas experta eft nuptias 

Cum revcrendo viro Johanne Fulham, 

Honefta gente orto, 

Et de Compton in agro Surrienti redore '. 

Ita dcineeps per quindecim annos vivitur, 

Ut merito dubium fit. 

An eflet amantior ille. 

An h£Ec amabilior ^. 

Nempc unum quemque vitse ftatiim 

Pietate, fide, prudentia 

Morum fuavitate exornans, 

r\<- r iEtatis Lii. 

Obnt anno < ^ ^ 


Another mural monument of marble, near the laft, Is thus 
infcribed : 

To the facred memory 

of Dame Anna Cullum, 

wife of Sir Jafper Cullum, 

of Hawfted Place, Baronet, 

She lived and died 

a pattern of piety, charity, and humility, 

on the 9th of Feb. 1735-6. 

aged 56 years. 

' He dfed at Compton, io July, 1777, aged 80, being then alfo archdeacon of LandafT, csmn 
of Wiiidior, and vicar of lileworth. 

* The attradlions of a lady, iwelve years older than her huftand, may be eafily gueflcd at. 
— — • Cupid took his ftand. 
Upon a H'idovr's joiuturclaivd. 



On a flat ftone near the chancel door is. 

To the refpedled 

IMemory of the Rev. 

Mr. John Smith, A. M. 

Redlor of this parilh 

Twenty-three years. 

And of Elizabeth 

his beloved mother. 

She departed this life 

3d Oft. 1740. 

He 2d Jan. 1762. 

aged 54. 

In the middle of the church, oppofite the reading-defk, a flat 
flab of black marble, bears this infcription : 

In a vault beneath this ftone are depofited 
the R.emains of 
Sir John Cullum, Baronet, 
the only ifTue of Sir Jafper Cullum, Baronet. 

His firfl: wife was Jane daughter and heir of Thomas Deane of Freefolk, in 
Hamplhire, Efq-, by whom he had oue daughter who died an infant; his fecond 
(whom he left an inconfolable widow, and who dedicates to his memory this flight 
teftimony of her affeftion) was Sulannah, fecond daughter and coheir of Sir Thomas 
Gery, of Great Ealing, in Middlefex, knight, by whom he had twelve children, 
feven only of whom,- John, Thomas-Gery, James, Sul'anna, Ifabella, Jane, Mary, 
felt the affliftion of furviving his death, which was on the i6th of January, 1774, 

in his 75th year. 

Stop, Reader, nor with heedlefs fteps pafe by, 

Where all the amiable virtues lie. 

Open and candid through life's ev'ry part, 

Whate'cr he fpoke flow'd genuine from the heart. 

Himfelf thus guilelefs, he fufpefted none. 

And fuffer'd many wrongs, but ne'er did one. 

Though clouds o'ercaft this good man's middle day. 

Bright he beheld his fun's declining ray. 

At kit, all peace and harmony within. 

His body free from pain, his foul from fin, 

He pafs'd to heav'n without one groan or figh — 

God grant me thus to live, and thus to die. 
Moft honour'd, beft of fathers, thus a fon 

Wiih painful piety infcribcs this ftone. 

T. R. S. I. C. B. 

A flat 

Chap no O F H A W S T E D. 6j 

A flat black marble near the font, has this : 

Beneath this ftone lie the remains of Ellen the wife of Chriftopher Metcalfe, of 
this parifh, efq; who, at the age of 41 years, was torn from her alliidl-ed family and 
friends, oa the 6th of March, 1775. 


The following lift is taken partly from bifliop Tanner's index ' 
to the inftitution books, preferved with them in the bilhop's 
office at Norwich, partly from the books themfelves, and partly 
from the parilh regifter. The two firft articles are the bifliop's 
own notes. 

Regiftrum nigrum S. Edm. fol. 171. Abbas et conventus quiet, 
clam, et remifit Thome Noel et hered. advoc. eccl'ie de Halftead, 
I Henry II. 

Regiftrum Alb. S. Edm. fol. 278. 14 Edward I. Thomas fil. 
Euftachii (capitalis d'n's ville) tenet advoc. ecc. 

1 kal. Apr. i3o8,Rogerus fil. Euftachii de Halfteade, ad pref. 
d'ni Thome fil. Euftachii mil. et d'ne Joanne la Colevyle de Hal- 
ftede matris fue, patronorum ejufdem. 

4 kal. Jul. 1330, Jo'ES fil. Wili'i de Bradfield de Radfwell, ad 
pref. d'ne Alicie de Grey hac vice vere patrone ejufdem. 

10 Nov. 1 36 1, Jo'es de Bedford, ad pref. Wili'i Clopton, mil. 

8 Mar. 1404. Clemens Cooke preft). ad pref. Wili'i Coggefl:iall 
de Clare. 

19 Mali, 1422, Rob. Ive, per lib. refig. Clem. Cooke, ad pref. 
Roberti Clerk, reitoris de Waldingfield, Wili'i Clopton, arm. 
Roberti Cooke de Lavenham, verorum ipfius ecc. patronorum. 

26 Junii, 1422, GiLBERTUs Mylde, de Stradefliillj prefbyter, ad 
pref. Rob. Cooke, per lib. refig. Roberti Ive. This was a family 

' This index is a work of great labour, and extremely ufeful to thofe who waiit 
to procure the regular fucceffion of the incumbents of any particular parilh ; it 
was made in the beginning of this century, when the compiler was chancellor of 



of note inthefe parts. The feat of the Cloptons at Kentwell, in 
Melford, was acquired by marriage with an heirefs of this name. 
2.6 Mar. 1453, Will. Colman, ad pref. Jo'is Ciopton, arm. 

21 Dec. 1456, magifter Thomas Coote, in deer. Baccalau- 
reus, ad pref. ejufdem, per hb. refig. Will. Colman. 

18 Jan. 1505, Thomas THORNEY,per lib. refig. Tho. Coote, 
ad pref. Roberti Drury, mil. 

1 r Jul. 1526, d'n's Will. Eglyn, prefbyter, ad pref. Rob. 
Drury, mil. He refigned, I fuppofe, fome years before his death ; 
for- he was witnefs to a will in 1554, under the title of Sir 
William Eglyn, clerke. 

22. Jul. 1547, Will. Sibotson, capellanus, ad pref. WilL 
Drury, mil. He was witnefs to the wills of two of his female pa- 
ri fii ion ers, in which he was called their curate ; and in one of 
them, dated 1552, parfon of Hawfted. He was buried 1 9 April 
1565. He had alfo the contiguous re(5lory of Nowton. 

22 Maii, 1565, Ric. Adams, ad pref. Eliz. Drury, vid. et 
reliift. Will. Drury, mil. He was chaplain to the earl of Bath, and 
buried here 28 July, 1601, 

2 Dec. 1601, Jos. Hall, A. M. ad pref. Rob. Drury, mil. 
He was afterwards billiop of Exeter and Norwich, well known 
for his learned and pious writings, as well as for his fufferings. 
This living was his firft ecclefiaftical preferment, to which he was 
invited by a letter from lady Drury, which was delivered him 
in the ftreet as he was going to receive from julge Popham the 
appointment to the mafterfliip of Tiverton fchool in Devonffiire. 
He accepted moft thankfully the lady's oSer, faying he was going 
to the weft, but God had pulled him back, and he muft turn 
eaftward. Being thus fettled in the fweet and civil country cf 
Suffolk, as he expreffes it, his firft work was to rebuild his ruinous 
parfonage-houfe ; which, if -we may judge from its prefent ap- 
pearance, he did in a very humble ftyle of architedture. About 


Chap. ILJ O F H A W S T E D. 65 

two years after, he manicd a daughter of Mr. George Wenyeve, 
of Brettenham, in this county ; and his eldell: fon Robert was 
chrirtened here, 26 Dec. 1605. That year he attended Sir 
Edmund Bacon to the Spa ; and in that journey had an oppor - 
tunity to inform himfclf, with his own eyes, of the ftate and 
pradtices of the Romiih church. Upon his return, he found 
not that fatisfatftion which he expelled in this place ; his patron 
Sir Robert Drury refufing to reftore to the re61:ory about ten 
pounds a year, and inlifting, as tradition reports, upon his ac- 
ceptance of a modus for the herbage of the park. By this un- 
juft detention, as he called it, the living was not a competent 
maintenance, and he was forced to write books in order to buy 
fome. He refolved therefore to embrace the firft opportunity of 
quitting this place, which he did in 1608, when lord Denny 
gave him the donative of Waltham Holy Crofs in Eflex. I con- 
jedlure he did not much refide here : for during his time there 
are not above two years in the regifter of the fame hand. While 
he did refide, he preached three times a week. Till within a few 
years, there was (as I am informed by a gentleman who has feen. 
it) in the parfonage-houfe, a plate of lead, with his motto, 
Imiim nolo. Siimmum neqiieo. ^iefco: adopted, I fuppofe, when 
he firft fettled here, and exprefiive of a mind, not totally un- 
ambitious, yet content : and it is probable, if his fituation here 
had been comfortable, he would have lived and died in the fame 
obfcurity with his predeceflbrs and fucceffors in this recflory. He 
died under lequeftration and in poverty, 8 Sept. 1656, in his 
Sad year, and was buried at Heigham, near Norwich. 

4 Jul. 1608, EzEKiEL Edgar, clericus,. in Art. Mag. fuper preef. 
Roberti Drury, mil. vacan. per refignationem ult. incumb. He 
was deprived of this recftory in 1643, by the fame fatal ordinance 
that eje6ted his predeceffor from his biflioprick : but refided here 
till his death, which was in 1648; and he is entered, in the 

K regifter 

C6 11 1 S r O R Y AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S. [Ghap. It 

regiller, parfon of Halfted. He had a fon of both his names, 
horn in 1620 ; and, in a feoffment of 1647, llyled Ezekiel Edgar 
the younger, clerk. lie was admitted to the re6lory of Great 
Stanmore, in Middlefex, in 1662, and died the next year. 

1 643, Theophilus Luddington became recTtor upon Edgar's 
deprivation. It is needlefs to fay, his name occurs not in the 
inllitution Book. He had the good fortune to retain his pre- 
ferment after the Reftoration, when many, who had been put 
into the hvings of deprived minifters, were in their turn difpof- 
feffed. He was buried here 24 June, 1D70. 

Upon his death, the inhabitants prefented a petition to the 
patron, recommending a fucceflbr in the redory. This petition, 
as it is not very long, and for its decency and good fenfe might 
ferve as a model for llmilar addrelTes, is inferted here at length. 

To the right wordiipful Sir Thomas CuUum, knight and bart. 

The humble petition of the inhabitants of the town of 


That whereas it hiath plcafed God to take from us, by death, 
our late incuml)ent Mr. Luddington, who, by reafon of his 
long and languilhiiig iicknefs, was not able by himfelf to officiate 
or fupply his cure for feveral years before his death ; but did, 
with your worlliip's confent, and our very good likeing, procure 
the fame to be fupplied by Mr. John Smith, who hath officiated 
and fupplied the cure for thefe three years laft pall and upwards, 
with extraordinary care and pains ; whofe knowledge, integrity, 
and quiet and peaceable living and converfation, hath fufficiently 
appeared and been fliewn to us, during the faid time. Wherefore 
"vve whofe names are fubfcribed, out of the tender care both for 


€hap. II.] OF H A W S T E D. 6y 

ourfelves and the reft of the parifli, do freely, voluntarily, and 
of our own accord (in this matter, wherein not only our bodies 
and eftates, but our fouls alfo are highly concerned) moffc 
humbly requelt and befeech your worfhip, that the faid Mr, John 
Smith (of whofe abilities and good life and converfation we have 
had fuificient knowledge and alTurance) may be ftill continued 
amongft us, and fettled as our minifter, and have the benefice 
conferred ujxjn him ; or that your worfhip will pleafe to refpite 
the fettling of any man in that place, until your return into the 
country : and that we may not have a ftranger impofed upon us, 
M'hofe learning, hfe and manners, we (liall be altogether ignorant 
of. And your petitioners, as in duty bound, &c. Thomas Gilly, 
Edward Sparke, Sufan Hammond, Sufan Edgar, John Moflcj. 
Thomas Page, John Sparke. Churclirwardens, Charles Sparrow, 
Ambrofe Death. 

This modeft and fenfible application, for fome reafon or other, 
proved ineffed;ual, for 

1670, George Pitches was prefented, Sir Thomas Gullum^. 
bartu patron; he enjoyed his preferment but a fhort time, being 
buried here 17 March, 1672. 

1672, John Harris. The fame patron. He was buried here 
4 Feb. 1689. 

1689, Anthony Pitches. Sir Dudley Cullum, bart. patron. 
From feveral letters I have from him to his friend and patron Sir 
Dudley, he appears to have been a man of good underftanding, 
and morals. He was buried here 17 Aug. 1720. 

1720, Richard Pitches, fucceeded his father. The fame 
patron. He was buried here 12 0(5t. 1727. 

1727, Richard Williams. Sir Jafper Cullum, bart. patron. 
He gave a bond of refignation ; but would not quit, till com- 
gelled by a law-fuit. 

K 2 17313^ 

68 . H I S T O R Y -A N D A N T I Q.U I T I E S [Chap. II. 

1737' John Smith. The fame patron. He was fon of Mr. 
William Smith of Southampton and Elizabeth his wife; and 
grandfon of captain John Smith, of Leckford-abbefs, in Han.ts. 
His mother was buried here in 1740, when he inferted the above 
note of his family in the regii^er. He was buried here 8 Jan. 

20 April, 1762, John Cullum, M. A. fellow of Catharine 
Hallj Cambridge : his father pati on. He was born 2 1 June, 1733; 
and educated at Bury School ; whence he went to Catharine-Hall, 
Cambritlge, of which, after having taken the degrees of batchelor 
and mailer of arts, he was eledled fellow, 7 Dec. 1759. hi March, 
1774, he became a member of the Society of Antiquaries; in De- 
cember that year, was inll:ituted to the living of Great Thurlow, 
in this county; in March 1775, "^^'^^ elected a Fellow of the 
Royal Society; and in this year 1784, is innocently at leaft 
amufing himielf in compiling the hiftory, fach as it is, of his 
native place. 

Some Extrads from the Church Regifters ' ; the firft of which 

begins in i 558. 

The huriall of Joane Grene, wedow, and fifter to William Seboifon, parfon of 
HawPted and Newton, i Feb. 1560. 

The biiriall of Mrs. Anne Wenteworth, wedow, 26 Nov. 15^1. 

The chrirteninge of Mrs. Elizabeth Rookwood, dauglitcr oi Mr. Robert Rook- 
wood the younger, 26 Jan. IJ03. — She wab buried 29th. 

The chrillemng cf Henry Drury, the fon of Mr. Henry Drury, 28 June, 1564. 
Me was buried the fame day. 

The chrilkning of Elizabeth Drury, daughter of Mr. Robert Drury, of Rougham, 
14 July, 1564. 

' Church Rcp;lfters were firft enjoined to be kept, by Cromwell the king's vicegerent in fi)iritu,il 
affairs, in 1538, jiift upon the dilfokuion of relif;i<nis houltf. Tn :i;47> Edward VI. enjoined 
the fame ; as did Elizabeth in 1559; from whicli laft period, thele parochial records were in 
general kept with tolerable regnlaiity ; and lince the aboluioa of huiuihtiones [kjIi mortem by 
Clt-arles II. arc the bell evidences of family delccnts. 


Chap. II.] OF H A W S T E D. 69 

The chriftening of Henry Rookwood, fon unto Mr. Robert Rookwood, 25 
Feb. 1564. 

William Sebotfon, parfon of Hawfted, was buried 19 April, 1565. 

The mariage of Mr. John Tirril, of Gipping, and Dame Mary Corbett, 24 
June, 1565. 

The I ith day of November, 1565, et Re. Elizabeth, 7th, was baptized Mr. 
Henry Dniry, the fon of Henry Drury Efquire, and born the Tuefday night before, 
the 7th Nov. 

Met. That Margarett Sparke gave to the repay.nng of the church iijs. iiijd. paid 
by William her fonne. 

Anno Domini 1575. 

M3. That Mr. Robert Drury, the firil fonne ot Mr. William Drury cfquire, was 
born 30 Jan. betwixt 4 and 5 of the clock in the morning ', the Sunne in Libra 
anr.o 1574, at Durham Houfe, within the Precindl of Weftminfter. 

Dame Elizabeth Drury, wedow, late wife of the right vvorfliipfuU Sir Wm. Drury, 
knight, was buried 20 Maye. Eadem F.lizabetha animam in manus <fni commen- 
davit, 19° hora media int. 5 et 6 mane. 

1576. Mrs. Frauncis Drury, daughter of Mr. William Drury, efquire, was born 
8 June, between twelve and one of the clock after noone, and was baptized the 
13th, being Wednefdaie in Whitlon Week. 

1577. Mr. Edward Barnes and Mrs. Dorothe Drury were married 26 Auauft. 
■157 ». Mrs. Elizabeth Drury, the lecond daughter of Sir William Drurv, knroht 

was born 4 Jan. in Eflex, at my Lord Kiche his place, ut die*. 

From 1^81 to 1587, the regifler is dcfcftive. 

1587. Mr. George Parker, and Mrs. Auderie Drury, were married ;8 Dec. 

1589. The funerall of the right worfl:iipfu!l Sir William Drury, knight, was 
executed 10 March. 

1601. Mr. Richard Addams, parfon of Hawftcd, was buried 28 July, 

1604. John Crofts, the fonne of William Crofts, Gentleman, was baptized 
21 Oftober. 

1605. Robert Halle, the fonne of Jofeph Halle, was baptlfed 26 Dec. 

1606. Barbary Powell, the daughter of Mr. Crofts, was buried 14 April. 

1610. Mrs. Elizabeth Drury, daughter to Sir Robert Drury, was buried 17 Dec, 

161 1. Ezekiel Edgar and Sulan Ward were married 16 Odlober. 

1613. The rcgiller is figned for the firft time by Ezekiel Edgar, reftor eccfa:. 
and Gilbert Spalding and Robert Nunn, Church-wardens. 

16 1 5. The funeralls of the right worfliipfuU '"ir Hubert Drury, of Hawflcad, 
knight, were celebrated, and nis corpie buritd in Hawllcd cl.urch cliancell, 1 June. 

1621. I'hefe are to tellify and acknowledge, that Sulan Lillye, the wife of 
Thomas, dwelling and dying in the Dayrie-houfe of Hawflcad Houfe, was, with 
the confcnt and leave of Mr. Tlomas Rewfe, on my lady Wraye's behalf, and 
Ezekiel Edgar, parfon of Hawflead then being, on the Churche's behalf, upon 
fpccial delyrc, carrycd to Whcpflead chuich to be buried tiiere, 28 Nov. " 

The rcafon of this minureiiefs prob.ihly was, that, wlien his fortune was to be hereafter 
told, the Alhologcr would want to be informed of the prccifc time of his biitli. 
* Li i6j6 there is another entry of the like cautious and'jcalous import. 


70 HISTORY AND A N T I QJ7 I T I E S [Chap. IL. 

1624. The buryall of the right worfhipfiill lady the lady Anne Drury, widow, 
once the wife of the right worfhipfiill Sir Robert Drury lord of Hawftead. Shee 
dyed in Hardwick Houfe, 5 June, about ten o'clock in the night, and was buryed 
jp Hawflead church chancel, 6 June, about eleven o'clock in the nighr. 

1627. Mrs. Elizabeth Ayfcoghc, the daughter of Sir Edward Ayfcoghe, and 
the lady Frances his wife, was baptized 15 Nov. 

1634. Anne Wingfield, the daughter of Mr. Anthony Wingfield, Captayne, 
and Anne his wife, was baptized 26 Feb. buried 17 Sep. 1638. 

1636. Mr. Thomas Coventrye was buried 18 Aug. 

1638. Anthonie Wingfield, the fonne of Anthonie Wingfield, Captayn, and 
Anne his wife, was baptized 23 May. 

1648. Mr. Ezckicl Edgar, parfon of Haldead, was buried 15 Feb. 

From 1653, to the Reftoration, marriages were performed by the civil officers at 
Bury ; and fome of this pariih were (o married there, as I have feen in the regifter 
of that town. 

1653. 17 July. CoUefled towards the Relief of Marlborough, in theparifli of 
Haulllead, thcfumofil. lis. 6d. 

24 July. Colledcd in this^ parifli, for the Propagation of the Gofpel in New 
England, the fum of 2I. 5s. §d f. 

1655. 20 June. CoUeded towards the relief of the Protellants in Savoy, the 
fum of 2I. 9s. id. 

1 6 (;8. Mary the daughter of Sir Thomas Cullum, Bart, and Dudly his lady, was. 

baptized 6 Feb. This entry and the two next muft have been made fome years 

after the events. 

1660. Elizabeth the daughter of Sir Thomas Cullum, Bart, and Dudly his lady, 
was baptized 30 March. 

1662. Tho. the fon of Sir Thomas Cullum, Bart, and Dudly, his lady was^- 
baptized 20 April. 

1664, Sir Thomas Cullum, Baronet, v/as buried 9 April. 

1670. Mr. Theophilus Luddington, rcdor of Hailed, was buried 24 June. 

1672. Mr. George Pitches, redor, was buried 17 March. 

1675. Mr. William Hanmer and Mrs. Peregrine North ' were married t Oft. 

1678. Mrs. Edgar, widow, was buried 28 May. 

An account of inch as have been buried in or at the parifh church of Hawfted, 
flnce the ift of Auguft 1678, when the adl for burying in woollen took place \ 

1680. The lady Dudly Cullum, wife to Sir Thomas-CuUum, Bart, buried 10. 

' The father and mother of Sir Thomas Hanmer, fpeaker of the Houfe of Commons. 

* Tlie day when the affidavit was brought was (according to the <iireftron of the a£t) regiftered 
till 1724 ; but this is generally now neglefted as ufelefs. Perhaps no aft of Parliament is better 
obferved than that for burying in woollen. The common fliroud is io cheap and decent a drefs, 
that there is no temptation to ufe any other. And in this parifli at leaft, the perfons of chief 
note adopted it as foon as the aft pafled ; for there is but one inftar.ce (and that in the cafe of 
an inferior perfon) of the forfeiture for burying in linen. 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 71 

Sir Thomas Cullum, Bart, buried i 6 Oftober. 

1685. Mr. Jo. Burton, B. D. and Fellow of St. John's Coll. Camb. buried 
10 June. 

1689. Mr. John Harris, redtor of this parifh, buried 4 Feb. 

1692. Mr. Henry North, of Woodbridge, and Mrs. Mary Cullum of this 
parifli, were married 21 Jan. 

1698. Memorand. That the 3d of May there fell a deep fnovv, and it froze 
■Iiard the night following. 

William Cawftone and Mary Baldwin, of this parilh, were married 8 Sept. 
The faid William is a Hufbandman, and liable to pay as. 6d. as the King's Duty. 

1700. Mr. Thomas Cullum buried 27 Dec. As the faid Mr. Cullum was a 
Gentleman, there is 24s. tote paid for his buriail. 

170T. J 8 Jan. There was a fort of a Hurricane that did great damage both by 
Tea and land. 

5 Feb. There was thunder and lightning, and hail, in a terrifying manner; and 
•on the 7th, there was hail and thunder, and wind almoft as great as the former-, on 
the 1 6th there was another dreadful ftorm of thunder and lightning. 

I ■ . DO 

1703. Nov. 25 and 26. in tne evenmg of both thofe days there were very con- 
fiderable cempeflis of thunder and lightning ; and 27th in the morning, there was 
a moll terrifying hurricane, intcrmixt with thunder, that threw down chimnies, 
barns, trees, and houfes, in feveral places, and deftroyed many perfons by land : 
and at fca there were 14 men of war loft, among which was a rear admiral, befides 
abundance of merchant ftiips to an extraordinary value. 

1706. The number of men and women above 16 years of age in this pariftj, as 
given in to my lord Biihop of Norwich at his vifitation, 29 April, Men 81 i 
Wouwn 93. 

Mrs. Sarah Pitches, relidt of Mr. George Pitches, fometimc re<5tor of this parifh, 
buried 28 Nov^ 

1708. Mr. Robert Bugg, of Bardwell in SufF. and Mrs. Battina Capell, of 
-Stanton, were married 28 Sept. 

1709. The hon. Anr.e Daughter of the right hon. John Lord Berkley, Baron 
of Stratton, and wife to Sir Dudley Cullum, Bart, was buried 2 June. 

About 7 fcore and 10 communicants in this parilh, 19 July. 

Mr. Robert Eyton, reftor of Eyton in Shropftiire, and Mrs. Elizabeth Butts % 
daughter of Mr. William Butts, late rcdor of Harteft, deceafed, were married 

1710. Sir Dudley Cullum, Bart, widower, and Mrs. Anne Wicks, finglevvoman, 
both of this parilh, were married 12 June. 

1712. Antony fon of the rev. Mr. Robert Butts, cl. and Elizabeth * his wife, 
buried 1 1 May. 

' She was fi^pr of Robert Butts, afterwards bifhop of Ely. 

* She was diiighter of Mr. Pitches, reftor of this parifli, and died when her hu(b»nd was 
bifliop of Norwich, where flie was buried in th< chapel belonging to the bifliop's palace, with 
an elegant epitaph. See BlomelicUl, V. 11, p. 4*8. 

5 1714. 



1714. The Rev. Mr. John Warren, reftor of Fornham All Saints and St. 
Martin's, and Mrs. Dudley Pitches of this parifh, were married 29 April. 

17 16. Robert, fon of the Rev. Mr. Robert Butts, minirter of Bury, and 
Elizabeth his wife, buried 14 May. 

1720. Rev. Anthony Pitches, rec>or of this parilh, buried 17 Aug. 

Sir Dudley CuUum, Bart, died 16 Sept. and was buried 27th. 

1723. 18 June. The number of communicants given in then, being tha 
primary vifitation of Thomas lord bifhop of Norwich. — Men 86. Women 89. 

1724. Mrs. Mary Capeil, buried 23 Jan. 
Mrs. Sarah Tyrrell, widow, buried 8 Feb. 

1726. Mrs. Henrietta Maria wife of Rich. Pitches, late reflor of this pariflr, 
buried 8 Nov. 

1727. Rev, Mr, Richard Pitches, late refior of this parifli, buried 12 Oft. 

1728. Richard Brixey, gent, buried r Jan. 

1729. Mr. Michael Brixey, gent, from the place, buried 6 Dec. 

1730. Jane, the daughter of John CuUum Efq; buried 28 Jan. 

1733- J"hn, fon of John Cullum, Efq; and Sufan his wife, was baptized in 
the chapel at Hawfted Place, 19 July, by me John Smith, then curate of Nowton, 
now (viz. 1739) reftor of Hawlted. 

1735. Elizabeth, relift of the late Rev. Mr. Anthony Pitches, redtor, buried 
25 Odtober. 

1736. Lady Cullum, wife to Sir Jafper Cullum, Bart, buried 17 Feb. 

1737. Anne Fulham, wife of the rev. Mr. Fulham, of Guilford, Surry, widow 
of Sir Dudley Cullum, Bart, buried 3 Feb. 

1744.. Mary, daughter of John CuUum, Efq;. an-d Sufan his wife, buried 29 

1745. Anne, daughter of John Cullum, Efq; and Sufan his wife, buried 20 


1754. AnAftfor the better preventing clandedine marriages cakes place 25 

Sir Jafper Cullum, Bart, aged 84, buried 8 Nov. 

1756. Sarah, daughter of Chriflopher Metcalfe, Efq-, and Ellen his wife, bap- 
tized 15 Sept. 

Jafper, fon of Sir John and Lady Cullum, buried 21 May. 

1757. Mrs. Brixey (bom i April, 1658) Grandmother to Sir John Cullum, bu- 
ried 16 Jan. 

1762. Rev. Mr. Smith, late reftor of this parifh, buried 8 Jan. 

1763. Frederica Sophia, daughter of Chriliopher Metcalfe, Efq, and Ellen his 
Wife, baptized 20 Nov. 

1769. Lucy, daughter of Chriftopher Metcalfe, Efq-, and Ellen his wife, bap- 
tized 26 Nov. 

1 7 73- Jemima, daughter of Chriftopher Metcalfe, Efqj and Ellen his wife, 
baptized July 4. 

» By his firft wife. 


Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 7 

1774. Sir John Culkim, Bart, buried 22 January. ; 

1775. Philip fon of Chriflopher Mctcalte, Efq; and Ellen his wife, baptized 

6 March, 

Ellen, wife of Chriftopher Metcalfe, Efq; buried 13 March. 

1777. Sarah, daughter of Chriftopher Metcalfe, Efq; and Ellen his wife, bu- 
ried 15 February. „ ^, , J 

1778. John, fon of Thomas Gery CuUum, Efq; of Bury St. Edmunds, and 
Mary his wife, buried 29 Odober. 

1780. Mrs. Margaret Barton, widow of Mr. Chriftopher Barton, of Bromley, 
in Middlefex, and mother of the late Mrs. Metcalfe, aged 88, buried 24 June, 

1782. Jemima, daughter of Chriftopher Metcalfe, Efq; and Ellen his wife, bu- 
ried 6 June. 

1783. Aa ad takes place i Oftober, that impofes a tax of ^d. upon the entry 
■of every chriftening, marriage, and burial, except thofe of fome poor perions, 
particulariy circumllanced. A tax, moft vexatious to the clergy, and which, it is 
thought, will be unprodudive to the ftate. 

In°April 1784, the bifhop of the diocefe, among other direftions to his clergy, 
gave fome very judicious ones relative to the proper keeping of parilh regifters— 
an objea to which, in this diocefe at lead, epifcopal attention was never before 
extended. 1 hope his lordlhip's care in this refpeft will be properly regarded, 
and that we fliail never meet with fuch entries as ihis^ " the fon of Jankin the 
" fliepherd bapdzed." 

Benefactions to the town of Hawsted ; extracted from a 
vellum book in the church cheft, into which the original 
Deeds were fairly tranfcribed in 17 ig* 

For the explanation of the beginning of the firft deed, it is 
neceflary to premile, that from fome deeds in my polTeflion it 
appears, that Robert Drury, Efq; father of Sir William, had on 
20th Dec. 25 Henry VIII. with many other gentlemen, been 
enfeoiFed in the four parcels of land fpecified in Sir William's 
feoftement ; but no declaration had been made to what ufes they 
were to be applied. They had all probably been formerly be- 
queathed for religious piu-pofes ; but at that critical time it might 
be thought prudent to throw them unconditionally into the hands 

L of 

74 HISTORY ANDANTI Q,U I T I E S [ehap.-H;. 

of peiTons of power, who might preferve them for the benefit 
of the village. The Reformation had now taken fiich ftrides, 
that there was no longer any hope of appropriating them to their 
original ufes; and therefore the inhabitants requefted Sir William, 
that they might be applied to the general advantage of the place. 
This is called Sir William Drury's feofFement : but it certainly 
was not his benefadion. 

I. Sir William Drury, Knt. at the reqiieit of the inhabitants of the town of 
Hawfled, and according to a pron:iifc which he had lately given them, did on 6 June, 
^6 Henry VIH. enfeoif Richard Corbetr, Efq; Henry and Roger Drury, gentlenieu, 
his Tons, Henry Pain, gentleman, William Eglin, clerk, John Sparrow, Ralfe 
Sparke, Martin Gylly, Thomas Cowper, Edward Wyffin, and Robert Sparke.,.in 
one mefTuage, called The Churcb-Hoiife, with its appurtenances, bounded on the 
north by a way belonging to the manor of Hawfted Hall, and contiguous to the 
church-yard ; and on the Ibuth by the king's highway, anciently called Cokkefaowch 
Ijine\ abutting towards the weft upon lands belonging to the faid manor, called 
Park Field; and towards the eaft on the highway that adjoins to Langage-Meadow, 
Alio in a Clofe called Brown's Tujt ', in the town of Hawfted, computed at 3 acras, 
lying between a Clofe called Matterel's towards the weft, and the land of Robert 
Rookwood towards the weft, abutting at both ends on the lands of the faid Robert 
Rookwood. Alio in a piece of land called The Lampe Lend, lying between the 
common way called Wynrefmere Lane on the eaft, abutting on one fide upon a 
piece of pafture in the tenure of Giles Wyffin towards the fouth, and on the other, 
iipon'a way called the Drift Way towards the north. Alio in three acres of land, 
lying between the lands of Sir Wm. Drury on the north, abutting at one end upoa 
Colclfield, otherwife called Hongredown, towards the weft, and at the other upon 
the meadow of the faid Sir Wm. Drury towards the eaft. The faid feoffees, their 
heirs and aftigns, to have and to hold the faid houle and lands, for the perpetual 
relief -and ule of all the inhabitants of the town of Hawfted for the time being, 
(Ad opus femper et ufum omnium inhabitantium villaj de Hawfted pro tempore 
exillentium) paying to the faid Sir Wm. Drury, his heirs and aftigns, the fervices 
before due and cuftomary ;^ and an annual rent of zs. 8d. of Enghfta money, to be 
paid half-yearly. 

' John Cowper, of Bury, the fon and heir of William, who held this Clofe conjointly with three 
others, to the ule and benefit of him the l.iid William, his heirs and alTigns forever, as appears 
b}' a deed, dated 4 Henry VII. did on 20 Dec. 13 Henry Vlll. cnfcofFe William and Robert Drury, 
Efqrs. of Haufled, and fifteen more, in this Clofe, for the piirpofe of fiipponing the king's taxes, 
and other burdens and impofitions that fliotild be laid on the faid inhabitants for ever, as far as the 
rent of the Clofe would go (ad opus et ufun^ omnium pauperum inhabitantium ville de Hawfled, 
ea intentione ad fupportandum taxationes domini regis, ac alia onera et impofitiones predic^tis inha- 
bitantibus inipnnen<las, in perpetuum, fecundum quantitatem proficui di(5li claufi) which Clcle •,, is 
purchafed of the faid John Cowper, by John Clerk of Hauftcd, lately deeeafed, who bequeathed it 
of his own free will to the faid iiihabitints for the purpofes above-mentioned. 


Chap, n.] O F H A W S T E D. ^5 

This feoffement was renewed in 1592, and 1635; after which it was negle<fled 
till 1 7 19, when it was renewed by William Leppingwell and Robert Carter, fons 
and heirs of the two daughters and coheirefTes of George Nunn, deceafed, who was 
the eldeft brother and heir at law to Robert Nunn, deceafed, the laft furviving 
feoffee. The laft renewal was in 1769. 

II. Sir Robert Drury, of Hawfted, in the county of Suffolk, Knight, " bein^ 
*' by the Grace of Almighty God, minded to build an almjhoufe for the perpetual 
*' habitation and dwelling of fix poor -women unmarried; and to allow every one of 
them five pounds a year of current Englilh money, to be paid quarterly by the lord 
of the manor of Hawfted Hall cum Buckenham's ; the faid fix women to be at the 
nomination of the faid Sir Robert, during his life; and after his death, at the 
nomination of the feoffees for the time being, for ever, out of the poor inhabitants 
of the following towns ; out of the town of Hawfted, one poor woman tor the 
firft place that (hall be void ; one out of the town of Whepl^ed for the fecond 
place; one out of the town of Rrockley for the third; one out of the towns of 
Ched burgh and Reed by turn in courfe, for the fourth ; and two out of the burrough 
of Bury St. Edmund's for the fifth and fixth ; fo as the overfcers of the parifli in the 
fiid burrough, out of which any poor woman (hall be placed in the faid almfhoufe, 
do provide relief and maintenance of all things ncceflary unto fuch poor woman, as 
for whom, by her becoming impotent and weak, the faid allowance of five pounds 
a year lliall not b^ fufficient : in default of which provifion, the feoffees for the 
time being, fliall fupply the faid fifth and fixth places for ever, with fuch poor out 
of any of the towns within five miles of the faid almfiioufe, as to them fhall feem 
meet ; fuch towns putting in fufficient fecurity for relieving the poor woman with 
all things ncceffary, in cafe flie fliould grow impotent and weak, fo that her five 
pounds a year allowance fhall not be fufficient. The fame Sir Robert, out of his 
charitable difpofirion to the poor, being alio minded to allow yearly tor ever for 
the better relief and maintenance of the poor of the following towns, twenty and 
two pounds of current Englifh money, that is to fay, to the poor of the town of 
Hawfted 6 pounds; of Whepfted 5 pounds; of Brockley 4 pounds; of Chedburgh 
4 pounds; and of Reed 5 pounds ; to be paid quarterly by the lord of the manor 
of Hawfteti Hall cum Buckenham's, to the overfcers of the poor of the faid parifhes, 
^'ith this intent and purpofe, that if any poor woman placed in the faid almfiioufe 
fhall grow poor and impotent, fo that fhe ftiall want relief, the overfcers of the 
parilh out of which ftie was cholcn, fliall relieve and maintain her with all things 
neccfTary; in default of which relief, tlie lord of the faid manor fhall relieve her, 
and detain fo much of the fumms payable to fuch overfcers as will fatisfy himfelf. 
— To carry the above dffigr.s into execution, the laid Sir Robert did, on 18 March, 
1610, give, grant, enfeoff, and confirm to Sir Nicholas Bacon, of Redgrave, in 
the faid County, Knight, Sir Edmund Hacon his fon and heir. Sir John Heigham 
of Birrow, Sir Robert Jermyn of Rufhbrnok, Sir R.ohert Drury of Rougham,^ 
1'homas Drury of the Inner Temple, Eiq; Richard Brabon, clerk, parfon of 
Whepfted, John Hcly, clerk, kzckicl E'dgar, clerk, parfon of Hawfted, Gilbert 
Spalding of Hawft:ed, yeoman ; all tlvofe la'nds and tenements, Sec. then or latt ly 

L 2 called 


called Hardwick, or Hardwkk Wood, in the faid county, fometime belonging to 
the late moiiaftery of Bury St. Edmund, then diffolved : As alio an annuity of 
20 pounds, iffuing out of the manor of llawfted-Hall with Buckenham's, and all 
his pofiefflons in Havvfted, to be paid quarterly to the faid feoffees, their heirs and 
afllgns for ever, in the church porch of Hawfted ; to the only ufe, behoof y intents' 
and purpofes,. that they the feoffees, the furvivor and the furvivcrs of them, and the 
heirs of the furvivor, fliould, at the cofts and charges of the lord of the manor of 
Hawfled Hall with Buckenham's, convey the faid eHate at Hardwick, and the 
annuity of 20 pounds, to the fi'd feoffees and others, as to them fhould feem meet 
and requifite, to the number of twelve; and fuch renewal to be made in like 
manner for ever hereafter in all ages, for continuing the faid premifes in feoffees 
hands for ever. To the end, that the feoffees for the time being, fliould for ever, 
and at all time and times, after the death of the faid Sir Robert Drury, upon 
reafonable requeft to them made, and at the cofts and charges of the lord of the 
faid manors, demife and to farm let, the faid eftate at Hardwick, and the annuity 
of 20 pounds, to fuch perfon as ffiall be lord of the faid manors, for fuch term of 
years (if fuch perfon fhall be lb long lord) and fuch conditions as to them Ihall 
feem meet, referving always the rent of 52 pounds to be paid quarterly to the 
fix alms-houfe women, and to the overfeers of the poor, as aforefaid, by the lord 
of the faid manors for the time being, or his afligns. Provided always. That the 
lord of the faid manors, fhall from time to time as is neceffary, repair and rebuild 
the alms-houfe intended to be builded, in fuch fort as the fame fhall be firft 
founded and erefted. 

Sir Robert referved to himfelf the power of revoking and m.aking void this 
deed, by any writing fealed and fubfcribed by him with his name, or by his lad 
will and reftament. 

The original was fubfcribed by Sir Robert with his name, in letters of gold ; and 
always kept in the church chelt of Hawfled, till the year 1754, when for fome 
reafon or other it -was depofited in that of Wheplled. 

This feoffement v/as renewed in 1647, when there were three furviving feoffees 5 
in 1682, when there was but one j in 1712, when there were three; and in 1734, 
when there were two. 

TIT. John Froft, of Hawfled, labourer, in confideration of 22/. paid him by 
John Alvis and Giles Froft, Church-wardens, Proairatores, (part of which 22/. 
was the gift of Robert Kidd, late of Hawfled, labourer, deceafed, and of Anne 
Spalding, fpinrter ; and part was in the hands of the church-wardens) did on 30th 
Sept. 1622, convey to twelve perfons named in the deed, a piece of land with a 
cottase or tenement built upon ir, at Pinford Inn, near the Park Gate, containing 
by eitimation 7 perches : the faid twelve perfons, their heirs and alTigns, to have 
and to held the faid land and cottage to their own ufe and benefic for ever, 
abfolutely and v^ithout any condition •, yet with this hope, intention, trulf, and 
confidence, that at all future times, fixteen fhillings of the rents and profits arifing 
from the efVate, (liould be employed and paid annually for the relief and fupjiort 
of the poor, aged, and needy inhabitants of the town of Hawfted, who live honeflly, 



Chap. II.] O F H A W S T E D. 77 

quietly, and piouflj', and of none other ; and that the rennaining part of the 
rents and profits fbould be paid every year to the church-wardens, to be dilpoled 
of according to their dilcretion, for the general benefit of the inhabitants of the 
faid town of Hawfled. 

This feoffement was not renewed till 1719, by Robert the grandfon of Robert 
Mayhew, the lall fin viving feoffee ; again in 1769. 

IV. I Jan. 1674, ThoiTias Tyrrel of Hawfled, gent, and William Barker, of 
the fame,, porchafed of John Pilborough, and Anne his wife, for the fum 
of 45 pounds, paid by the chief inhabitants of the faid town, one piece of land and 
pafture, foiiutiine farce! of a field tailed Mcllpojl Field, and a ccrtayn way or lane 
thereunto adjoining, lying in Havvfted, containing by eltimation 5 -t acres. Alfo 
contiguous to the laft, a pightel oi land, called Barnard's, or Little Parkers, con- 
taining by eftimation i acre. One end of it abuts upon the king's highway, leading 
from Halltcd Green, towards Mennold Green. Of the faid purchaf; money, 40 
pounds were given by the lady Frances Wray, widow, deceafed, to be a town flock 
for the benefit of the poor people of the faid town ; the other five pounds were given 
by Bridget Spalding, widow, deceafed, for the fame purpofe. 

In 1651, Thomas Tyrrel the furvivor, enfeoffed 12 perlbns in the above two 
pieces of land. After which, this eftate, like fome of the former, was neglefted 
till 1 7 19, when Robert the grandfon of John Sparke, the lad furviving feoffee, 
renewed the feoffement. It was laft renewed in 1769. 

The lands in this and Sir Wm. Drury's feoffement (including a houfe valued at 
%L 2S. a year), are let for 9/. i6s. a year. 

Lady Wray's charity is diftinguifhed by the diftribution of 28 fhlUings every 
half year, in her name, to the poor, in the church. 

V, Sir Thomas Cullum of Hawfled Place, Bart, by his will, dated 2 May, 166:, 
and proved 20 May, 1664, bequeathed to the mafter and wardens and worfliipful 
company of Drapers, London (of which he was a member) and to their fucceffors 
for ever, four houfes in Trinity Minories parifh in or near London, then leafed to 
fcveral tenants for 41/. los. a year, in trufl: and confidence, and to the intent and 
purpofe, that they and their fucceffors fhould (among other annual charitable pay- 
ments) pay every year for ever 5/. 10s. for and towards the relief of the poor of the 
pariffi of Hawfted, in the county of Suffolk-, of which §1. 10s. two fliillings were 
by the church-wardens of the faid pariffi to be weekly laid out in bread, to be by 
them and the overfeers of the poor, or the more part of them, according to their 
beft difcretions, with the confent of the lord of the manor, diftributed every Sabbath- 
day in the year, among fuch poor people of the faid pariffi, as ufually come to the 
church, having no lawful or jud caufe to the contrary. The remaining fix Ihillings, 
the church-wardens for the time being, are to receive for their trouble. 

According to the above bequeft, 12 two-peny loaves are every Sunday diftributed 
to poor people in the church. 




Lords of the Manor, and othj^r Proprietors of Land.. 

A MONG the obligations we owe to the rehgious focieties, 
-^^^ founded by our anceftors, one is, their preferving many 
notices of famiUes and property, which would otherwife never 
have reached our time. They were extremely careful of the 
evidences of their pofleffions and privileges, tranfcribing them 
into regifters, and often placing them on the altars of their 
churches : and the perpetuity of fuch communities prevented 
the difperfion and lofs of their muniments. To thefe circum- 
Ifances it is owing, that we have now fome very ancient re<:ords 
of the village at prefent under confideration. 

In the time of king Edward the Confefibr., Leofstan the fewer 
of abbot Leofstan, and Stannard his relation, gave Halfted to St. 
Edmund. About the fame time, Odo and his wife are faid to 
have done the fame '\ What thefe donations were, does not 
appear ; but they were probably all the lands which thofe bene- 
faitors poffedcd in this place. Something, however, more 
fpecific and important was bellowed by that pious monarch, early 
in his reign ; for Halfted was involved in his enormous grant to 
the monallery of the royalties (Jura regalia) of all the villages in 
eight and and a half contiguous hundreds. 

' Monaflicon Ang. V. I. p. 2,93, 4. and a MS. thus defcribed hi Tanner's 
Nor. Monafl:. p. 506. Canulariuin teirarum, libeitatum, &c. ad hanc abbatiariT 
(Icil. Sti. Edmundi) fpeftantium, m;inu recenciore, ex antiqiiis rcgiltris ccenobii 
ddcriptum foho grandiurculo, MS. penes doni. Rob. Bacon, Barr. Ir belonged 
sherwards to Tom. Martyn, who vakied it highly ; aiid is now my ^^roperty. I 
iliall quote it hereafter, as MS. C. 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 79 

At the Conqueror's furvey, xxviii free-men held here mi 
carrucates of land, or about cccc acres. Odo held i carrucate: 
Albold and Peter, two ecclefiaftics, 11; and Agenetus xx acres. 
Who the principal lord was, does not appear; for I flioidd think 
no one of thofe named was fuch. The inferior proprietors had 
the privilege, not always enjoyed by perfons in their ftation, of 
alienating their lands without the licence of their lord. The 
right of holding courts for deciding the difputes, and punifliing 
the offences of the vaflals, belonged to the monaftery, as well 
as a right of common. There were in villains,, xxi bordarers, 
and II flaves : three orders of vaflals that are conftantly men- 
tioned as dilfindt, in Domefday, and as appendant to manors ; 
but whofe fpecific kinds and degrees of fervitude, interpreters 
feem not well able to afcertain. 

In the time of the Conqueror, St. Edmund pofl^^fled here iiii 
carrucates of land, as appears in the regifter of John North- 
wold. MS. C. 

Anfelm, abbot of St. Edmund (who prefided. from 1. 11 9 to 
1148} with the advice of his barons, granted Halfted, or (as it 
is exprefll^d in another evidence) lands in Halifed, to William 
fon of Ailboldus, and Robert his fon and heir. And the faid 
William and Robert confirmed to the abbey the churches of 
Bertune and Culeford in fee. Harl. MSS. 639. p. 7. 

Henry I. gave Halfted to St. Edmund and abbot Anfelm, for 
the fervice of the altar, and particularly for buying wine for the 
celebration of mafles. Pinchbeck's Regifter. 

Hervey, who was facrift in the time of the fame abbot, re- 
covered for the monaftery fome lands of Thomas Noel ', af 
Hauftcd. Monaft. Ang. V. I. p. 300. 

' This Thomns vvns probably the piincipal lord of the village : for we have 
already feen in the lift of the patrons of the redlory, tliat i Henry II. the abbot 
and convent, releafed to Thomas Noel and his heirs, the advovvfon of the church, 
of Kauftede. 

5 About 

8o HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. Ifl, 

About this time, a family, as was common, took its name 
from tlie place : and in the reign of king Stephen, Ralph de 
HaUlede and Roger his brother, gave the abbot an opportunity 
of carrying a point of great confequence from the crown. The 
Itory is thus related. William Martell the king's fewer, attended 
by many prelates, barons, and others, and fitting in his feat 
of juflice, in the bhliop's garden, at Norwich; two courtiers 
(duo curiales) Jordan de Blofieville, and Richard de Waldan, 
produced a young man, named Herbert, who was ready to prove 
to the court, that he ferved Robert Fitz Gilbert in the army, 
when the king led his forces againft Bedford, at that time in 
the poffeffion of his enemies, and that Robert and Adam de 
Horninglherth had difcourfe with Ralph de Halftede and Roger 
his brother (who had come privately out of the town, and 
changed their horfes, fliields, and faddles) about betraying, and 
'murdering the king. They therefore demanded, in the king's 
name, that the caufe might be heard, and juftice done. Upon 
this, Ording the abbot, who was prefent, liood up, and ha- 
rangued the court, informing them, that the accufed brothers 
were within the liberty of St. Edmund, and therefore amenable 
only to him. This privilege was difcufled at large : and the 
abbot eftabliflied his claim, by the determination of the court, 
and coniirmation of the king. MS. C. '. 

The above Ralph held here of the abbot one carrucate and a 
half of land, and two borderers, as appears among the records 
of abbot Baldwyn. MS. C. 

Of this family was probably John de Hawfted, who, i Edw, 
II. obtained a grant to himfelf and the heirs of his body, of 
the manor of Deulliangre com. Northamp. with certain lands 

' At the end is this note: Et fciend. quod ida cronica prefcripta clare pateC 
n Pfiltcrio capellc cfni aK)is ufualiter jatentc coram codem. Records of various 
kinds were often bound up wi'th facred books. See Bib. Top. Brit. N" XX. p. 45. 


Chap. HI.] OF H A W S T E D. Si 

in Whittlewood, and divers other lands in the faid county, antl 
II Edward II. was in the wars of Scotlap.d. 15 Edward II. he 
had the 'caftle and honour of Clare, co. SufT. committed, to 
his charge; and i Edward III. was made fenefchal of Gafcoine. 
Moreover, 4 Edward 111. in confidcration of his fervices done, 
and to he done, he ohtained a grant of 200 marks fterling to 
be paid annually during his life, out of the cuftoms of Bourdeaux. 
He had fummons to parliament 6, 8, 9 Edward III. but never 
after '. 

Abbot Sampfon (who prelided from 1192 to 1211), and the 
convent, granted to Robert the fon of Ralph de Halftede, and 
his heirs, a meadow in Ilalftede belonging to Horningflierth 
Hall, and lying between the great road to Clare and the pond 
near the mill of the faid Robert, to be holden by the free fervice 
of paying 11 s. annually to Horningflierth-Hall '. 

The faid Robert had one knight's fee in Haurtede, and half a 
one in Brockley. 

Abbot Sampfon, and the convent, granted and confirmed to 
Thomas the fon of Robert Noel and his heirs, all the land which 
Galfrid the Sacrift held in Halftede, by the fervice of paying 
yearly xlj". K Thefe were doubtlefs the lands which Henry I. 
gave for the fervice of the altar ; which Hervey the Sacrift 
recovered of Noel for the monallery ; and which Noel was 
now glad to redeem by this annuity. This annuity continued, I 
believe, to be paid till the Diffolution ; and was fometimes applied 
to its original purpofe; for in the account of the bailiff of the 
manor, 7 Henry V. xlj. were faid to be paid to the Sacrift, for 
finding wine to celebrate mafTes in the monaftery. The next 
year for buying wax candles for the high altar. 

' Dugd. Bar. V. II. p. 126. 
* Harl. MSS. 639. p. 7. 
3 Ibid. p. 4. 

M The 


The faid abbot and convent confirmed alfo to the faid Thomas 
and his heirs all the focage which William the Ion of Ailbold, 
and Walter the fon of the faid William, and uncle of the faid' 
Thomas, held in Halllede and Effelde % and all the land which 
they held in Bury St. Edmund's, by the fervice of paying an- 
nually to the fteward of the hundred of Thingo xviijd. This 
Thomas held alfo lands in Dickleburgh in Norfolk, of the abbot 
and convent, by the iervice of finding a horfe of x s. value, for 
the king's army, when he went into Wales, at the expence of 

the abbot and convent ". 

A fine was levied 21 Henry III. between Richard le Chanoyne, 

petent, and John Noel, tenent, of 3 carrucates of land in Ilau- 

• ftede, the right of John. 

A fine was levied 53 Henry III. between Bcnedi(51: de Hau- 

ftede, querent, and Galfrid Watlow and Claricia his wife, im- 

pedients, of a melTuage, and 5 } acres of land in Hauftede, the 

right of Benedid:. 

A fine was levied the fame year, between Henry de Stanton, 

querent, and Walter de Stanton, deforciant, of i mefTuage, 24 

acres of land, and i acre of wood, with their appurtenances, in 

Hauftede, the right of Henry, who granted them to Walter for 

his life. 

The earliefl principal lords of the village that are fpccified as 
fuch in records, are the family of Eustace, or Fitz Eustace. 
The firfl record in my polTcffion that mentions them is dated 
the lail: year of Henry III. and as it has preferved alfo a point 
of law, though happily now^ for us nothing more tlian a 
matter of curiofity, 1 fliall give it in the language of the 


' I know not wliat place this means. 
» Harl. MSS. 639, p. ;, 8. 


Chap. III.] OF II A W S T E D. C j 

Henricus, Dei gratia, &c. Dilcdo. clerico fuo magiflro Richnrdo C-IifTord, 
efcae'ori luo cicra Trcntam, fakitem. Cum nos clamavimus cuClodiam omnium 
terrarum et tenenientorum que fucrunt Eudachii filii Thome nuptr dtrtunfti ad 
nos pertinere, pro co quod idem Kulhchius manerium de Cafewyk cum percicenais 
tenuic de nobis in capite. Ec ballivi diledti nobis in Chrido abbatis de Sanclo 
Edmundo ad nos et confilium noftriim accefTerunr, ex parte predict! abbatis, et 
nobis intimarurit quod cuftodia vianern de Ilaljlc^,' quod fuit prcdidi Eullachji, 
et quod eft de feodo ipfius abbatis, prope villam Sanfti Edmundi, ad ipfum 
abbatem, et non ad nos, pcrtinet, co quod prediflum manerium de Calcwyk, quod 
predidtus Euftachius de nobis tenuit in capite, efl de Baronia de Cokes, que fuic 
efcaeta noflra, et non de corpor? corone noftre : et in magna carta noftra conlinetur, 
quod cuftodia terrarum que lunt de feodo aliorum habere non debtmus occafione 
alicujus Baronie, aut aiicujus partis ejufdemque fuit efcaeta noflra. Cum rotulos 
fcaccarii noftri fcrutari fecimus, et fcrutatis rotulis eifdem invenimus, quod pre- 
didium maneiium de Cafevvyk e(l de Baronia do Chokes que fuit efcaeta noftra, ficut 
ballivi predifli abbatis aflerunt, et non de corpore corone noftre. Et vidiR-us, quod 
per prediftum manerium de Cafewyk, ex caufa predifta, non pofTumus cuftodiam 
predifti manerii de Halltede quod eft de feodo predidi abbatis habere, ac fi idem 
manerium de Cafewyk elTet de corona noftra. Nolentes predidlo abbati fuper 
detencione predidti manerii de Halftede injuriare, vobis mandamus, quod cuftodiam 
ejufdem manerii de Halftede, cum pcrtinentiis, predido abbati, tanquam doir.ino 
feodi illius, vel fuis ballivis, ad opus ejufdem abbatis liberetis habendum ufque 
ad legitimam etatem heredum Euftachii predidi. Tefte meipfo apud Weftm. xxiij 
die iMaij, anno regni noftri lvi°. ' 

From the above record it appears, that this family had other 
poiieffions befides thole at Hawfted, which latter it is probable 
they acquired by Thomas Fitz Euftace marrying Joane one of 
the daughters of Thomas Noel, about 6 Henry III. They had 
alfo confiderable property at Gnatefliall, in this county '. 

The abbot havin'^ thus his claim allowed him, immediately 
let the manor of Hauflede, and advowfon of the church, dunng 
the minority, to William Clifford, probably a relation of the 
Efcheator's, for xx pounds fterling, paid in hand. The witnefTes 
to this agreement were William de Swyneford, Robert de Hoo, 
John de Saint Clare, Thomas de Ickworth, Knights, William de 
Walpole, Robert de Meleford, Thomas de Helegey, Stephen de 
Sidolfefmere, Walter Freyfcll, and Fachard his brother, with 
others '. 

■ MS. C. ^ MS. C. MS. C. 

M 2 During 


During the minority, the church of Halftede hecame vacTint; 
and William Clifford prefented to it, by virtue of the above- 
mentioned leafe. 

This minority appears to have been as long a one as well 
could be : for the heir did not come of age till 1 1 Edward I. 
as appears by the following note; which is entitled the Homage 
for Halilede. 

Memorandum, That Thomas, that is de Lifcrcs Fitz Eiiflace of Halftede, diJ 
homage and fealty to abbot John, for the polTeflions he held of the laid abbot ii) 
Haldede, in the abbot's chapel at Cheventon ', on the morrow ot St. Denys the 
Marcyr, the 21ft year of the reign of Edward the fon of Henry ; Wiiliain Talemache 
and many other perfons ftanding by, and viewing the ceremony. Afterwards the 
faid Thomas was dltliained for ilie fine payable to the abbot j upon which he went 
to the faid abbot at Elmefwcli, upon the vigil of St. Thomas the Apollle, the 
beginning of 22 Edw. demanding remedy in that bch?lf. Afterwards the laid 
Thomas acknowledged ac the fame place, in the prelence of Robert de Glemesford, 
Nicholas de Crefilngham, Henry Bakun, Hobert de Norwold, Roger de Welefham, 
and many others, that he claim.ed to hold all his pofTclTions in Halftede of the 
abbot, upon which account he had been in the wardftiip of abbot Simon his pre- 
deceflbr ; which wardfhip the faid abbot recovered from the king, and let to 
William Clifford. By virtue of which, the faid V/illiam, during the wardlliip, 
prefented a certain clerk of his to the church of Halftede, who was accordingly 
admitted to it, and continued in it a long fpace ot tune, upon pretext that the laid 
abbot had leafed to him, the faid William, the wardfiiip of his the faid Thomas's 
pevfon, and all his lands and tenements with their appurtenances. And as it was 
found that the faid Thomas had been in fuch wardlhip, the abbot difcharged him 
from the fine, and the diftrefs which had been fuffered on that account ". 

During the above rainority, namely, 14 Edw. I. a furvey was 
taken of this village among others, when Solomon de Hoff and 
his affociates, itinerant juftices, made the circuit of this county. 
T'his furvey is long and minute ; but its very minutenefs fur- 
nidies ^o many llriking particulars, that I fhall tranfcribe it 

' A village about 6 miles from Bury, given by Vv'illtam the Conqueror to the monaflery. Here, 
as alfo at Elmfwcll, aboat 6 miles t'roiii Buiy, the abbot had a Icat. as he had likcwiic at other places. 
Upon the vilitatigii ot the abbey, jjivvious to its DiiroUition, one ot the tew charges againli the 
abjot was, that he f:;ent loo much o! his time at his coiuitry hoiiies, 

^ AIS. C. 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 85 

Hauftcdc. I'homas Filiiis Eujladi ' capitalis dns cjiifdem ville tenet i melT. cc 
et XL a. terre, x a. prati, et x a. bofci, unum niolcndinuni " verur. cum libertate 
falde ' apr. et verr. ■* cum advoc. ccclie rjuldem ville dc abbate ^ci. Edini, et 
facit hundredode '1 hingho pro ie et tenentibus fubl'criptis unam ledam de iij fep- 
timanis in iij ieptinianas •, et xxx d, per ann. ballivo ejufdem hundred!, et ad 
feretri)m Sci Edmi xls. per ann. et idem abbas tenet dc duo rcge in capite. 
Idem Thomas tenet dc eodcm abbate per prediita lervicia ^^ a. terre, quas villani 
fui de eo tenent cum fuis me'J. Calfridus Freman tenet dc rodein Thoma i meff. 
ct XX a, terre cum pt-rt. pro ijs. per ann. heres Johannis del Brcke tenet de eodem 
I melV. et iij a. nrrc pio i;] d. per ann. Johcuuies Coc tenet 1 meH". lij a. terre et 
iij rodas terre, viz. nieli'. et iij a. de pred. Thnma et iij rodas de Roberto le Ros pro 
iiljd. et idem K. dc pred. abbate. Radiilphus Carpenler tenet ij mcfl". et vij a 
terre, viz. i mefl'. et vj. a. terre de eodem Thoma pro iiij d. ob. per ann. et 1 meli. 
et I a. terre de Roberts Ic Ros, et i!le 11. de pred. Thoma. 'TLwmas Is Bars tenet 
1 nielT. dc eodem Thoma, ct i a. terre provd. per ann, Robet t us Bernard t<;r\i:-t 
de eodem Thoma 1 rndf. ct ix a. terre, i a. prati pio ixd. p<;r ann. Galfridus 
de Arefcrd tenet i mtlT. et 1 a. icric de eodem Thoma pro vj d. per ann. Uadulpb^Y'S 
Upholder tenet i mefl. dc eodem pro iiijd. per ann. Fjiietyn tenet i melT. vij a terre 
et j rodam- terre, viz. vij a. terre de eodem Thoma, pro iiij s. per ann. ct i meli'. 
ct I rodam terre de Roberto de Beylbam pro iij d. et ille de predi(5to Tlioma. Johannes 
de Genen tenet v. a. de Willieiino Tclcmache pro i libra cimini *, et i!lc de pred. 
abbate. ll'Uhelntus 

' At Gnatfliale, where he had property, he was called Euface iJe Hi^ujlck- 

* A I'orn-miU was a common appendage of a manor. Sometimes the tenants were obliged to grind 
at that and no (ither. See Dugdale's \\ anv. p. 668. So the old author of jh-xtyc^e, generally 
printed with Fitzherbert's hushnnitiy, fays, it is to the moft part cuftom of the tenants to grind 
C'/rn at the lord's iiiiln, and that as me feemeth, all fiich corn as groweth npon the lords grotmd, 
that they fpend in their houfes. — And if they grnd not their corn at the lords miin, the 'ord may 
amerce them in his co<irr; or e (e he mav hie them at the common law, de leita molendini iucinula. 
Chap. IX. 1 am informed, it is Itill fo at Manehefter. 

^ When lords of manors granted parcels of lands to their dependants, they often refer\ed tothem- 
felves the exclufive privilege of having a fleepfold; fo that the little tenants could not fold their own 
flieep on their own land, but were obliged to let them be folded with fhoic of the lord, or pay a 
fine. This was enriching the lord's domains ; but a moft cruel empovcriflm.cnt of the lands of his 

* How the Aper and Verres efftntially differed. I cannot fay ; but it may be worth rciiiarking, that 
in all the villages in 'liis iurvey, w hert the lord had the liberty of fold, he is laid to have that a'lo 
/^pri et \'erris ; whereas, when the liberty of fold did not belong to him (as it frequently did not) 
then l;e had, Libertatem Tauri et Apri, or libcrum ! aurcm et Aprum. The nature of this jjri- 
vilege, audits vexatioiilneis to the village in general, appears from the feillewing verdic't pre'erved 
by '1 horoton, in his Kill, of Nott. p. 42 — 13 i-dw. 1. the jury found that J B. quondam hufljand 
of Maud, had his But! ami B'to' at Kei worth, f>u to gn ami eat /« tht ccif, rnearfo-vui, cr any othtr pia,:t 
in tl}i laid ti<u.n, where he would. And that it was, as the laid Maud alledi:ed, in her anfwer, b\r 
realon of th^ tei ements ai;d ad'.owfon of the church in the laid town in which flic was at that tin.'e 
eiu'ow«'. Therefore Tho. de R. who had taken and empoui.ded her bull, becauic he eat of his 
corn, vsa- • v./i/iVorV/a, at her mercy. 

' i'l.i d in-(fuit at tie hundred court every three weeks was a very troublefome fervice : many 
who h- I • I ihe abhot did it only twice a vi^ar, at Michaelrnas and Chriflmas. 

' C umniin is a warm aron:aiic feed, uied by our anceftors fVr many medicinal purpofes ; perhaps 
alio for the p rclervation of their pigeons, which are fo remarkablv fond of ir, that to this da-. , a cake 


86 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. IN. 

IVUHehmts Talmache tenet i melT. cc fi^, a. terre, xij a. prati, xxiiij a. bofci, 
I tnolend. ventr. cum libertate falde, Apr. et Verr. de abbnte Sci. Edm'i pro uno 
teodo militis ', et facie pro le et tencntibus fuis i feft. ad hund. de Thingho de 
iij feprimanis in iij fcptimanas, et ballivo ejufdem hiind. xij d. per ann. et ad ward. 
Caftclii Norwic. ad finem xx feptiman. iij s. et idem de cino rege. idem W. tenet de 
eodem abha:e xxxij a. terre per pred. fervic. quas villani fui de eo tenent cum fuis 
VnefT. Mnbil Gymel tenet de eodem Willielmo i rnefT. et ij a. terre pro ij s. per ann. 
, Vbilippus Noel '■ tenet i nieff". \m a. terre, iiij a. prati, vij a. boici ab eodem abbate 
pro xvijd. per ann. et Cii. feft. hund de Thingho-, et xl a. terre de Thoma Fil. 
Eujlac. pro xij d. per ann. et ille Thomas de pred. abbate, et ille ut fupra. Walterus 
di' Stanton tenet i meff. j^^ a. terre, iij a prati et pilhve, i a. bofci de eodem 
abbate pro xvij d. per ann. et tti. fed. hundredo de Thingho, et ille abbas ut fupra. 
Robertus de Ros tenet i meff. lvi a. terre, iij a. prati, v. a. bofci, viz. mefT. pred, 
et XL a. terre, bofcum, et pratum pred. de pred. Tboma Fil. Eujlacii pro xvij d. per 
ann. et ille Thomas de pred. abbate, et idem de rege, et xij a. terre de Edmundo 
de Welnctham pro i d. per ann. et d^i lib. piperis ", et idem E. de abbate, et ille ut 
fupra •, et v a. terre de Roberto de Beylham pro ob. per ann. et idem R. de Gilberto 
del Have, et ille G. de abbate, et ille ut fupra. jJdam de De?iham tenet i mefT. 
de eodem pro vjd. per ann. Edwardus Bercarius tenet i meff. pro vij d. per ann. 
Agnes dc B'^Jfo tenet i meff". pro vj d. Johannes Cohbe i meff". ij a. terre pro xxx d. 
IfabsUa fila R'lcardi i meff. pro xxij d. per aim. Philippus Childe i melT. pro xijd. 
IVilliclmus ael Dam i melf. pro xijd. Johannes le Eloze i mefl". ijd. Williebnus de 
Cramaville tenet i meflT. vij a. terre, vu a prati, viij a. bofci, viz. meff'. pred. y^ et 
vj a. terre, bolcum et pratum pred. de pred. abbate pro ixd. per ann. et xxxij d. 
ad feretrum Sci Ednii. et unam fedam hundredo de 1 hingho pro fe et tenentibus 
fuis fubfcriptis ; et ix a. terre de Roberto de Ros pro vjd. per ann. et ille de pred. 

well fcnfoned with it, is often placed in Dove-hoiifes. A hod's wife, fays Overbury in his Charaftcrs, 
is the cummin feed of his Dove-ho\ife. It was frequently a referved rent. 

' It is not afcertained what quantity of land conftituted a knight's fee, nor what military fervice 
was. to be perfonncd foi- it. It was, however, in confequence of this fee, that Talmache was to 
pay iij s. every xx weeks for the guard of Norwich Caftle. f he abbot ufed to pay yearly for caftle- 
guard and wait-fee xvj 1. iij s. iiij d. ; for his eight hundreds and a half vj i. xiij s. liij d. rent, which he 
colicrted of the tenants that held the fees of him, every twenty weeks. Blomefield's Hift. Norf. 
V. II. p. 575. The manor is ftill charged with this outgoing, which is now called " a feodary, or 
" caftle guard rent, due to his majelty ;' and paid at the end of every five terms, reckoning twenty 
W'eeks to a term, iij s. each term : befides i s. viij d. acquittance. This tax was formerly called 
ivarfenni, that is, vvardpenny, and was confirmed' to the abbot for the eight hundreds and a half 
by king |ohn. 

• Spelled alio about this UmtNuill; afterwards Ntiixe/L His defcendants had fome property or 
claim liere longer perhaps than thofe of any recorded in this furvey ; for 6 Henry VIII. yr/wcj Ao^iv//, 
of Hylcote in Stafiordflure, gentleman, gave up all his title and chum to all the lands, &cc. which his 
ancellors held in Haufted. 

^ Pepper has been at all times of the greatcft ufe in the kitchen ; but how it came to be fo often 
paid in part of rent, I cannot well guefs. Jt was not like thole jjlcifnig and uncoftly acknowledge- 
ments of a rofe or gilliflouer ; but being a foreign produrtion, muli have l)een bought by the tenant, 
and might full as well have been procured by the lord. 

Our ancellors were very fond ot fpices, and imported fome of the more valuable kinds of them 
foon after the Conqucll: they doubtlefs found them necelfary for digefting the grols food that made 
part of their meals. A porpelTe, I fliould fuppofc, icquired a good dole ot lealonin 

3 ' abbate : 

Chap. III.] OF H A \V S T E D. S7 

abbate: et vij a. terre de Philippn Noel, pro i'ls. et-idem de abbate; et xvj .1. de 
"Jobanne Bolax pro vj d. et idem J. de pred. abb;ue ; ct ai)bds de dno rege. Wtllielmus 
Alteivcnt tenet i mefl'. et dim a. terre pro xij d. per ann. "Johannes de Breris ' v a. [ 
vd. per ann. Gaijridus Catclot 1 mcfl". pro vjd. Waltenis le Holder i mtfT. pro i ob. 
Thor.'as Mercalor i mefi". pro vj d. Jcbtimies Cott i meff. pro vjijd. per ann. Vi'illtehuus 
Bercarins ^ ij a. terre pro ijd, per ann. Johannes de Beylham tenet i mefl". Lij a. 
terre, iij a. bofci, ij j^'au. viz. mefT. et xxx a. terre, ij a. et di. bofci, i a. 
prati de abbare Sci Ecrni pro ixd. per ann. et quarta parte i ie(5l. ad bund, de 
Thingo. Item iij a. de Willielmo Talemache pro xiiij d. et idem W. de pred. 
abbare : et xij a. terre et cfi a. bofci de Peiro de Gynulpro ob. per ann. et idem P. 
de abbate. et v a. de Rogero de Exnynge pro id. per ann. et ille de abbate : et ij a. 
terre, 1 a. bofci et i a. bofci et i a. prati de Stmano de Haujlede, et idem S. de 
abbate, et abbas de d'no rege. Benediclus de Haujlede tenet i mefl". et xv a. terre 
cum pert. viz. mefi". et v a. de pred. abbate pro v d. et ij buff, avcne : et v a. terre 
de 'ihoma fil. Euftac. pro ij s. i d. ob. et ille de abbate ; et iij a. et di de Roberto 
de Ros pro ijd. et ille de pred. Thoma, et ille de abbate : et 1 a. ft d'i de Willielmo 
Talemaebe pro ijd. ct ille de abbate, et abbas de rege. Jcbaiuies Filius IVakelyn tenet 
I melT. et ix a. terre cum pert. viz. melT. et v a. terre de pred. abbate pro iij d. per 
ann, et i bulT. avene : et ij a. de Roberto de Beylham pro vijd. per ann. et i a. 
de Willielmo Talemache pro vd. per ann. et i a. de Thoma fil. Eullac. pro vjd. 
per ann. et ille de abbate, et abbas de rege. Nkbolaus Aldred ^ tenet i melT. xviij a. 
terie, i a. prati de pred. abbate pro viij d. per ann. et i bufl". avene. Saleman Childe 
tenet i meff. dc eodeni N. pro vj d. per ann. Adam Aldred tenet i meff. et xviij a. 
terre, viz. de abbate meff. et xv a. terre cum pert, pro vd. per ann. et i bull', 
avene; et iij a. de Galfrido Filio OJherti pio ijd. et ille de abbate. Matilda Cobb 
tenet ij a. terre de codem Adam pro iiij d. Joatma de Wra7npli>igham tenet i meir. 
de abbate pro vd. ct ij buff, avene per ann. Jobannes Ic Hove tenet i melT. et iiij a. 
terre de pred. abbate pro iijd. ob. per ann. et ij bulT. avene. Regents de JankcJle 
tenet i mefl". et i a. terre de eodem abbate pro i d. ob per ann. "Jobannes Carpenter 
tenet I mefl". ij a. terre de eodem abbate pro xijd. per ann. Thomas Films Ofoerti 
tenet viij a. terre pro ij d. per ann. de abbate. Johannes de Cheventon tenet i mefl". 
XV a. terre, iii] a. bofci de pred. abbate pro ixd. per ann. Henricus Filitts Nicholai 
ctRichardus filius ejus tenet i mefT. xv a. terre, iiij a. bofci de eodem abbate pro 
ixd. per anr. Rogerus de Manezvsde tenet i mefl". et xv a. terre, viz. mefl. et 
vij a. de Edmundo de V/elnetham pro xiij d. et i funima " avene : et ij a. de Semano 
de Hauflede pro ijd. per ann. et ille de pred. E. et ille de abbate-, et ij a. terre 
de'fhomafii. Eullac. pro iiij d. per ann. ct ij a. terre de Johanne del Broke pro 
id. pred. Thoma, et ille de abbate. ct ij a. de Flofintali Sanfli Jobarwif 
de Batisford^ pro iiijd. in perpetuaii elemolinam. Johannes Elhctt tenet i fiielT. 

' Afterwards Kryars. Biyar^s ivooJ to this day. 

' Sheplierd. Hence Barker ; a name it ill extant here. 

3 This is one of the lew Saxon names that occur in this lift. EUred, its coniiption, llill remains in 
the neighbourhood. 

■i Siimma is 8 biifhels, or a cpiarter. 

» In this county. This holj-ital, upon the Difiblution, was granted to the Grcfliam familj- : and the 
timbci-vvork of :he origin."! Royal Exchange is laid to have been lawn cut, and in tliis 



cc V a. ct iTi teri-c-. viz. mciT. et ij a. et di terre de Willielmg dc CrawaTill pro ij d. 
j)ci" aiin. ct ii!e o'e^'.bbate; er i] a, tcnede Roberto de /lo.f pro v dV per ann.< et iile 
t!f abbace; et i a. de GaIf,ido Freeman pro i d. per ann. et idem G. de Tbpna Fil. 
Euflar. ti ille de abbate, ct itlem abbas totum hoc de df.o rcae. Bemardus ttnct 
1 mejl. et iij a. terre, viz. mefl. et i a. de Edmtindo de Wtlnetham pro ijd per aim, 
ct ij i..' terre de Wiliiclmo Talchdche pro ^iijd. per ann. et illi (ie abbate lu i'gper. 
iiciifiidus FUius Ojjjerti tenet i meii. et xij a. terre, viz. mtfl". tt viij. a. pro ij d. 
ij. per ann. de abbate, et iij a. de Semano de Haujhde pro iiijd. per ann. et t a. de 
'JoJjaivie Bolax pro ob. per ann. et ilie de abbate. WilUei'nus Bercarius tentt v. a. 
ttrre ec ui. viz. de Wllilelnio Qam^vill ij a. pro ij d. ij a. et di de Roberto de Belcha?n 
\no ijd. ob. et i a. de A/j/'/7 Gymelti Roberto de Ros \->xo id. et illi de abbate. 
J.icia foror ejufdtm W. tenet i mefT, i a. et i rodain terre de abbate pro r d. cb. 
per ann. Idayae tenet i mcd. ij a. et di terre, viz. mefi'. de Williehiio Cramavill pro 
xd. per ann. et pred. terrain tltCalfrido Fil.OJberto pro id. ob. et illi de abbate. 
lVii7ieJi}?us Pachet tenet i meff. et &i a. terre dc Edmutido de V/ehietham pro xijd. per 
ann, Heredes Thome Farniefiiar \tenent i tnclT. viij a. teric, viz. meff. et vj. a. de 
WiUielmo Cramavill pro vjs. et ij a. de Roberto de Bcyloam, et de Semano pro ijd. 
per ann. et illi de abbate. Semanus de Ojmundisfelde tenet i meff. x.'tvij a. terre, ij a. 
bofci et iij a. prati de abbate Sci Edmi pro xviij d. per ann. Ricardiis de Saxham 
tenet i meff. „„ xiij a. terre cum pertin. viz. xxvij a. I'e pred. abbate pro xx d. 
per ann. et xx a. de WiUielmo de Cramavill pro vj d. et ix a. et di de Roberto de 
Beilhum pro viij d. et v. a. er di de Semano, pro iij d. et iij a. de Calfrido Filio Ojherti 
pro id. et I a. de WiUielmo Alderman pro i d. et dc Roberto Breris et Galfrido Fre- 
iiianv a. provd. et dt Johanne Elyott iij a. pro id. item i meff. et xv a. terre de 
Edmundo de Weltknelham pro ij s. iiij d. et iij buff, avene per ann. et iij a. et Su 
de Rogero de Manewode et Ffabella k Ros pro iij d. ec totum hue de abbate pred. ^. 

The above detail exhibits a picflure of this village very dif- 
ferent from what fome may have expeded. It has been thought, 
that thefe parts of the country, fo favourable to the production of 
trees, were fome centuries ago over-run with wood; and that our 
forefathers lived furrounded and almoft fulfocated with thickets 
and forefts. Whereas we fee by this account, that the whole 
quantity of wood here was but 68 acres. It is probable, indeed, 
that the hedges and borders of the fields were at this time fur- 
niflied with timber-trees, and other wood, as we fliall fee they 
afterwards were. Even two centuries before this, when Domef- 

' Parchment maker. '■ MS. C. 


Chap. III.] OFHAWSTED. 89 

day-book was drawn xip, the quantity of wood here amid not 
have been confiderable. There was then faid to be, *' Sylva de in 
" Pore." or wood fufficient to yield maft for the fupport of three 
Hogs. What precife quantity of wood was fuppofed neceflary 
for that purpofe, is not eafy to fay: but we may fafely conclude, 
it bore a very fmall proportion to the contents of the lands in 
the village '. 

The prodigious quantity of arable land is a circumftance not 
a little remarkable. Almoft the whole village was under the 
plough ; for there were between 1 3 and 1 4 hundred acres of 
arable land, and only 45 of meadow. But this confideration 
will meet us again under the article of agriculture. In the mean 
time it may not be amifs to obferve, that the above numbers of 
acres are by computation ; for it was not till about 1 7 years after 
this, namely, 31 Edw. I. that the quantity of an acre was fettled 
by law ; and this is the reafon, that in this furvey, the village 
is reprefented as containing lefs land by a fourth part than it 
adlually does, fince its acres were meafured by ftatute. In like 
manner, to this day, where miles are computed, they are always 
longer than thofe that are meafured. Why computation fliould 
thus exceed menfuration, I pretend not to determine. 

The populoufnefs of this village at fo remote a period is ano- 
ther circumftance worth obferving. There were no lefs than 50 
mefluages or houfes. At this day there are but 52; 12 of 
which are divided into 2, and 3 into 3 parts^ or tenements, con- 
taining in all 70 families, and 415 perfons. If therefore the 
houfes were as well flocked with inhabitants as they are now, 
the place muft have been nearly as populous as it is at prefent. 

• The author of N" VI. of Bib. Top. Biit. thinks, that the word pore, in 
Domefday fometimes means not hogs, but forcaries, or certain number of hogs, 
p. 46. Perhaps that enlarged fenfe of the term may be applicable in the prelent 

N Fifty- 


Fiftv-feven perfons are fpecified as holding land or houfes ; and 
there might perhaps be more ; for when the acres holden by 
villans come to be diftindtly enumerated, they fall Ihort of the 
grofs numbers fciid to be ib holden ; fo that perhaps fome of 
thofe occupiers may by fome miftake have been omitted. The 
domeftics aUb of the lords of the two manors were certainly 
numerous, and ought to be reckoned among the inhabitants,, 
though they held neither lands nor houfes. 

It is not perfe(5lly eafy to account for this populoufnefs, 
which was not national. It prevailed alfo, I obferve, among 
the neighbouring villages. Perhaps the abbatial government 
might be favourable to it. The ecclefiaftics were mild and 
indulgent landlords : their courts, where their tenants were tried, 
were probably lefs arbitrary, than thofe of the great manerial 
lords ; and their dependants lefs likely to be torn from their 
homes and families, than thofe of the warlike barons. For thefe 
caufes, it is likely, the villages under the jurifdidlion and prote61:ion 
of the neighbouring abbey might invite fettlers from other 
parts, and enjoy a population in general unknown. So I am 
informed, that in thofe parts of Italy, from which the Jefuits 
have been expelled, the lands that belonged to that fociety have 
become worfe tenanted and worfe cultivated than they were before 
the fupprellion of thofe Religious. 

Of the above 57 perfons, 43 were occupiers of land, which 
is nearly double the number of thofe at prefent. This great 
difFufion of land may at firft fight be thought to have contri- 
buted to the comfort and plenteous living of the inhabitants ; 
yet perhaps it did not in fad:. Seven of the occupiers held two- 
thirds of the whole ; fo that there were barely 400 acres to be 
divided among 36 perfons, which is, upon an average, about 
1 1 acres a man ; but the parcels were very unequally divided. 
Now a fmall parcel of land, it is well known, is always cultivated 


Chap III.] O F tt A W S T E D. 91 

at a proportionably much greater expence than a large one, and 
generally in an inferior manner ; fo that no one lives more poorly, 
or fares more hardly, than a little farmer; while the public is alfo 
a lofer by his fcanty crops. Befides, mofl of the little occupiers 
of old were obliged to do many fervices for their lords, which took 
up much of their time, and prevented their making the moft of 
their own fpots. It is probable, therefore, that the occupiers of 
thefe little patches of land did not live in greater plenty than if 
they had been day-labourers ; and it is certain, that the village, 
thus frittered to pieces, produced on the whole lefs corn than if it 
had been equally divided into 1 5 or 20 farms. 

By the above furvey, it alfo appears, that there were now two 
manors in the village. That belonging to Fitz Euftace was the 
capital one, and emphatically called the Manor of Hawfted. The 
lite of the houfe was probably an irregular fpot, near the prefent 
Lodge, furrounded with a deep moat, and containing about 2000 
fquare yards. It is called by fome old people, I know not why, 
Jews lard. The other was called afterwards T'a/mcJcbe'T, alias 
Bokenhain''s ; and the prefent flyle of the manor is, the Manor of 
Hazvjied Hall, with Bokenhanis. The houfe was afterwards the 
refidence of the Drurys, and called Hawjled Houfe ^xu^HawJied Places 
part of which is ftill Handing. 


The father of Thomas, mentioned in the above furvey, died, 
as we have feen, the laft of Henry III. and was called Euftace Fitz 
Thomas. He married Johanna la Colvyle, who, under the title of 
Johanna la Colvyle (for widows, efpecially heirefTes, often re- 
fumed their maiden names) with Thomas her fon, prefented Roger 
Fitz Euftace, probably, another of her fens, to the re6lory of 
Hawfted, 2. Edw. II. The manor did not continue in this family 
more than two generations after this. For, by the exemplification 
of a fine, it ai:)pears that, 10 Edw. II. Thomas Fitz Euftace- and 

N 2 Amicia 

92 HISTORY AND ANTlQ^UlTlES [Chap. 111. 

Amicia his wife, fettled, after their deceafe, the manors of Hau- 
ilede, and Codenham near Boxford, with their appurtenances, 
upon Robert the fon of the faid Thomas : that Robert died feifed 
of the manor of Hauftede; and that Sir John Fitz Eultace, his 
fon and heir, and Ehzabeth his wife, fold it to William de Mid- 
dilton, and Ifabella his wife, 27 Edw. III. 

The above Thomas and Robert his fon, in the reigns of Edward 
I. and ill. obtained grants of free warren in the manor of Hauftede. 
We complain, and with reafon, of the feverity of the prefent 
game laws ; but what fhall we fay of thofe times, when lords 
were forced to fue to the crown for liberty to kill game on their 
own manors ? 


This family was very anciently fituated at Mendham in this 
county. Sir William, who purchafed this manor, was flierifF of 
Norfolk, 20 and 25 Edward III. During the fliort time he was lord, 
namely, 32 Edward III. an extent, or furvey, and valuation of the 
manor was taken, which contains fome particulars that are worthy 
of notice. It begins with, " Eft ibidem mej/uagium edi/icatum, 
" cum tribus gardinis, et duobus curtilagiis ad eundem inclufum. 
" Columbarium. Molendinum quod valet per ann. XLS'." 

Though this Ihort defcription of the manfion itfelf conveys no 
fpecific idea, yet it implies fome excellence of conftru6lion, that 
had not perhaps been long introduced. It had probably been 
newly erefted by Sir William himfelf. Of the elaborate archi- 
tedture of this reign, even in civil buildings, feveral curious par- 
ticulars may be colle^fted from Chaucer's works. 

The houfe was furnifhed with a pigeon-houfe, three gardens, 
and two court yards. The luxury of three gardens, at this early 

' The original, nnd a copy of it, of a not much later date, are both in my pof- 
fcflion ; the lauer is of elegant penmanlhip, fome of it written with red ink, that 
Itill retains the utmofl beauty and frcflinels, 

4 period^ 

Chap 111.3 O F H A W S T E D. 93 

period, muft at firft appear very remarkable, when it is known at 
how low an ebb horticulture was at the beginning of even the 1 6th 
century, hi 151 2, the opulent earl of Northuniberland, whofe 
houfehold confilted of 160 perfons, had, 1 think, but one gar- 
dener, who attended " hourely in the garden for fetting of erbis, 
" and clipping of knottis, and fweping the faid garden clene." 
Nay, it fhould feem as if fometimes there was not even one ; for 
among other workmen of the houfehold, as a painter, a joiner, 
and a milnar, is mentioned " the gardener of the place where 
" my lord lyeth, // there be oone '." And in 1539, "^^^ later," 
according to Evelyn, cabbages were imported from the 
Netherlands. The truth is, in the reigns of the firft Edwards, 
the cultivation of the garden was extended even to the more 
curious and delicate produ6lions ; but neglected afterwards 
during the contentions of the houfes of York and Lancafter, when 
horticulture, as well as the other arts of peace and polilhed life, 
gave way to the havock and devaftation of civil war; nor did it re- 
cover to any confiderable degree till the time of Elizabeth. This 
we learn from the defcription of England prefixed to Holinfhed's 
Chronicle, publifhed about the middle of the reign of that prin- 
cefs. The paflage is fo curious that I cannot forbear tranfcribing 
it. " Such herbes, fruites, and roots alfo, as grow yeerelie out of 
" the ground, of feed, have been veric plentifull in this land, in 
*' the time of the firft Edward ', and after his dales ; but in pro- 
" ceffe of time they grew alfo to be negle^led ; fo that from Henry 
*' IV. till the latter end of Henry VII. and beginning of Henry VIIF. 
" there was little or no ufe of them in England, but they remayned 
" either unknown, or fuppofed as food more meete for hogs, or 
*' favage beafts, to feed upon, than mankind. Whereas in my 
" time their ufe is not only refumed among the commons, I mean 
** of melons, pompions, gourds, cucumbers, radiflies, fkirrcts, parf- 

' Northumberland Houfehold Book, p. 42. 

* In 1294, great repairs were done to the kitchen garden, and other garden walls 
belonging to the priory at Dunftaple. Annals of Dunftaple. 

** neps- 


*' neps, carrots, cabbages, navewes, turneps, and all kinds of fallad 
" herbes ; but alfo fed upon as daintie dilhes at the tables of de- 
" licate merchants, gentlemen, and nobilitie, who make their pro- 
" vifion yeerlie for new feeds out of ftrange countries, from 
" whence they have them abundantlie '." 

It appears alfo from the following items, that tiles were ufed, or 
made here, at this time ; a refinement not known, even in fome 
towns, till many years afterwards. The hiftorian of Nottingham 
informs us, that the firft tiled houfe there was in j 503. " i acr. 
*' I rode terre cum una domo tegulator. Prec. Acr. xii^." Whether 
we are to underftand by the barbarous and mutilated -wovdtegulator, 
that the houfe was tiled, or inhabited by tile-makers, it may be dif- 
ficult to fay. -Summa valor, dom. tegulator, vi/. xiiij. iiii^. may 
incline one to think the former : yet, in the whole rental, but one 
houfe is fo defcribed ; 2ii\d fumma valor, is applied to a fingle ob- 
ject, as molendini. In a rental, 15 Henry VII. mention is made 
oi tyk-houfejield^ tyle-boufe grove, tyle leys. 

The lord held in his own hands 572 acres of arable land, 50 of 
meadow, pafture for 24 cows, 12 horfes, and as many oxen, and 
40 of wood. This was a noble demefne, and may ferve to give an 
idea of the plenty that mud have reigned in the manfion of the 
principal perfon of the village above four centuries ago. The pro- 
portion of arable land to meadow was greatly diminiilied within 
about 80 years ; for, inftead of being 24 to i, it was now only a 
little more than 1 1 to i. This was probably owing, partly to the 
great encouragement which Edward III. gave to the wcoUen ma- 
nufacture, and partly to his wars, which mud have been inimical 
to tillage. The confumption of flelh-meat, we may conclude, had 
now increafed ; and indeed 5 years after this, it was enjoined by 
ftatute, that no grooms, or fervants of lords, Ihould have flefli or 
fidi above once a day. 

There feems to have been a park here even earlier than this ; 

' Holinfhed, p. 208. 


Chap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. 95 

for a piece of arable land of 36 acres was called Park Ji eld. It lay 
on the weft of the church. 

The principal lord had now begun to extend his property, and 
engrofs the village. The eftates of Stanton and Noel (now called 
No well) and of others, to the amount of 2 1 8 acres, had been pur- 

The pleas and perquifites of the court were worth lxvj. viii^. 
a year. 

There were 32 free tenants (Ubere tenentes), 17 of whom per- 
formed fuit of court every 3 weeks. They paid all together 
LXiiiJ". nd. ; 3 pecks of oats (avene grojfe) \ 5| cocks and hens. 
The lord had wardfliip and marriage ' of all the heirs under age. 
Among the names are thofe of John Fylet, whofe name a farm on 
the eaft fide of the green ftill bears. It was early the proj^erty of 
the Rookwoods, and is fo now of their reprefentative, Sir Thomas 
Rookwood Gage, bart. See Fillet's arms, Plate 3, N" 7. of Henry 
Hopper, by whofe name a piece of grovmd is ftill diftinguillied ; 
and of Robert Cuppere, whofe defcendants, now called Cowper, 
ftill remain here. 

To this manor belonged two nativi, or fervants born of fervile 
tenants. Their tenures and fervices are fo diftindlly enume- 
rated, that we have a perfect idea of their ftate and condition. 

Thomas Frame holds i meffuage and xxx acres of arable 
land and pafture at the yearly rent of xxj-., to be paid, by 
equal portions, at Eafter and Michaelmas, and Chriftmas mils', 
called offring-Jilver, befides i cock and 11 hens, at the fame time. 
And he fliall mow the lord's meadow iiii whole days. And all 

' When a great man's tenants were his vaflals, and ahnoft as much his property 
as the land they cultivated, no one could be io proper to prelerve this conncdlion 
and attachment, by the fuitable education and marriage of the minorjs, as the lord 
himfelf. But uhcn more civilized manners prevailed, this privilege, well enough 
adapted to a rude and barbarous age, became an ufelefsand intolerable burden. V. e,: 
can hardly now believe, that it has not been abolifhed much above a century. 


the cuftumary ' tenants^ when they mow the lord's meadow 
fliall have i bufliel of wheat for bread, and vifif. for drink ; 
and one whole day's produce of the manor dairy for cheefe. 
And he fliall reap viii whole days in autumn; and fhall 
have every day a wheaten loaf, xv of which are made of i 
bulhel of wheat, and ii herrings at nine o'clock, ad nonam \ 
and he fhall pay, MercJjetttum ^ et Heriettum '', And he fliall 

* The Nativi and Cu/lumarii feem here to mean the fame perfons, however 
ihey may in other parts have been diftinguifiied. In the harveft expences of next 
reign, herrings, 8cc. were bought for the cuflumary tenants, which are now faid to 
be provided for the Naiivi. 

■ At this time there were but two meals a day ; what was called dinner at 9, 
and fupper at 5 ; and this plan of life was fuppoled conducive to long life : 

Lever a cinque, diner a neuf, 

Souper a cinque, coucher a neuf. 

Fait vivre d'ans nonantc et neuf. 

Recreations hiftonques, as quoted by Dr. Henry, in his Hiftory of Britain. 
Upon the above authority I have tranQated, ad tionam, at 9 o'clock, which was 
probably the dining-time of thcfe poor labourers. The ninth hour was (lri(5My (ac- 
cording to the Roman cuftom of beginning the day at 6 in the morning, which our 
ancellors ufed), 3 in the afternoon, when the Religious on falting-days were allowed 
to eat their dinner. Hence nona, or the 9th hour, denoted the hour of dinner, at 
whatever time that repaft was taken." Archaolog. vol. VI. p. 152. 

* Tliis was a fine which the tenant paid upon the marriage of his daughter: 
Ibmetimes it was paid only when (lie married a man of another village; for then the 
Lord loft a dependant. 

* A Heriot was a fine of the befl: beaft paid upon the death, or alienation, of a 
tenant. The origin of which cuftom was this. Anciently, when the tenures were 
military, and for life only, the arms and war horfe of the tenant, upon his death went, 
together with the land, to the Lord, being due to him, as having either been pur- 
chafed out of profit of the land, or originally granted by the Lord for the public 
defence, and which therefore ftiould revert to him, that he might beftow them 
on the fucceeding tenant for the like fervice. But when the feud became inheri- 
table, the reafon of the Heriot ceafed ; and the arms and horfe went to the heir, 
who fucceeded to the land. Yet in fome manors, the Lord ftill referved this cuf- 
tom : and though originally the Heriot was the beft horfe •, yet it came in time to 
be the bed bcaft ; for the tenants, to difappoint their lords, would often fell their 
aims and horfes ; and therefore a law was made, that the lord might take the beft 
beaft in lieu of them : and fo the Heriot came to be efteemed the beft beaft ever 
after. And as it arofe by cuftom, or tenure, after the feud became inheritable -, 
hence we find in fome manors, a cuftom of paying it in goods, and in fome, in 
money. Cunningham's Law Dift. 


Chap. III.l O F II A W S T E D, 97 

ferve the office of head reaper ; and the yer;r he faall be in. 
that office, he fliall be difcharged of half his rents and fervices; 
he fliall alfo have meat and drink at the lord's table, if the 
lord keep houfe ; and if he does not, he fliall have the fame 
allowance of corn as a ploughman, and fliall have a horfe 
Handing in the manor liable, that he may execute any of tho 
lord's bufinefs. His fon may marry without the lord's licence; 
but his widow may not ' ; and flie fliall hold during her life 
the aforefaid tenements ~. The faid Thomas holds alfo another 
melTuage and xv acres of arable land, for which he pays xii s. 
a year ; iid. at Ghriftmas for offering-filver, and 11 hens. Ke 
fliall alfo mow iiii days, and reap as many, for the lord, for 
which he fliall have the fame allowances and privileges as before. 

All the refb held their lands by rents and fervices nealiy in 
the fame proportion. The hardefl: terms were thofe impofed 
on John Paget, who for a meffuage and in acres paid iiis. 
and a hen a year ; mowed xi days, and reaped iiii, for the lord. 

All their rents in money amounted to ciiiij". iiid. Tiie 
mowing days were xlii ; reaping days lx ; the offering filver 
was Xviii^. befides i cock, and xviii hens. 

Annual outgoings {Redditus refoluti). 

To the Sacrifl of St. Edmund's Bury, xlj. 

To the Hundred of Thinghowe, us. iii d.- 

To the lame for the Nowel eftate {pro 

tenemenfo Nozve/) . xviid. and fuit. 

To the fame for the Stanton eftate xvii*^. and fuit* 

To Nowton Halle for the Nowel eftate, viii<^. 

To the fame for the Stanton eftate, viii d. 

' Arid the reafon was, fhe might marry a man who was an enemy to the lord. 
~ A tenement lignificd formerly fometimcs what we call an eftate, that includes 
both houfe and lands. At prefent we call a fingle houfe a tenement. 

O " The 

f,5 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U 1 T I E S [Chap. III. 

The year after the above furvey was taken, Sir William 
Midclleton fold the manor, &c. to Sir William de Clopton : but 
I riiall poiipone the account of that family, till I have traced the 
Talmaches and Bokenhams, who were lords of the other manor, 
to their extindion : foon after wiiich event, the Cloptons be- 
came polTefled of both. 

Talmach and Bokenham. 

A branch of the family of Talmach were feated in the reign 
of Edward 1. at Bentley, in this county, whence they removed 
in the reign of Henry VII. to Helmingham, the prefent refidence 
of their reprefentative the earl of Dyfart. They occur alfo very 
early in this place, as we have already feen by the funeral of the 
lady Cecilia I'ahnacb, g Edw. I. Who her hufband was does not 
appear; but the expences of her interment imply that the family 
rnuft have been of no little confideration. In the account of 
Gilbert de Melton, one of the executors, mention is made of 
JVilliam I'almacb^ the other executor, and of John 'Talmach. 
The former was doubtlefs the perfon, whofe property was con- 
fiderable here, as well as at Brockley, Rede, and other contiguous 
villages, 14 Edw. I. when the furvey of this village, before re- 
cited at length, was taken. He alfo married a lady of the name 
of Cecilia, and died before 7 Edward II. for then a fine was 
levied between Cecilia the widow of Sir Wm. Talemach, querent, 
and Thomas, Parfon of Somerton, and Roger, Parfon of Hauftede, 
deforciants, of two meffuages and fix carucates of land, with 
their appurtenances, in Hauflede, Brockleye, Somerton, and 
Hertherlf ; by which the above ettate was fettled on her four 
fons, John, William, Edmund, and Thomas Talmach, and 
their heirs, in default of which it was to go to the right heirs 
of the faid Cecilia. 


Ciiap. III.J O F H A W S T E D. 99 

The fee or manor of Talmach feems to have been for feme 
time out of that family ; for in the Computus of Henry de 

Glcmham, Robert de GifFord, de Rokewood, Hamon de 

Muckelfeld, and WiUiam de Middilton the flieriff, of the aid 
of XLS. from every knight's fee granted to Edward III. in the 
20th year of his reign, for making his eldeil: {on. ' a kp.ight ; 
Edmund de jVauncy paid xls. for a knight's fee which he and his 
tenants held in Haiiftede of the abbot of Bury, which William 
I'ahnage (for fo the name was fometimes written) formerly held 
of the faid abbot '. 

This family began alfo to fell fome of their property to the 
Cloptons, at the latter end of the reign of Edward III. or the 
beginning of that of Richard II. For a deed, 6 Richard II. re- 
cites, that Sir Wm. Clopton had purchafed lands and tenements 
in Halfted, Whepfted, Nowton, and Brockley, of Sir Wm. 
Talmach, and died fei&d of them ; upon whofe death, John, 
fon and heir of the faid Sir Wm. Talmach, entered upon the 
faid lands, &c. and kept Sir Wm. Clopton, fon of Sir Wm. 
decealed, out of the poffeflion of them. This affair was com- 
promifed, and 16 Richard II. Sir Wm. Clopton releafed to Alice 
the daughter of Wm. Talmage, and wife of W^n. Bokenbam^ 
and her heirs for ever, all his right and claim to the lands, &c. 
in Hallted, Nowton, Horningfheath, and Whepfted, which he 
had lately purchafed of John Talmage. Witneffes, Walter 
Clopton, chev. John Bures, John Rookwod, Wm. Rookwod, and 
others ; to this his feal is appendant, fee plate III. N° 6. The 
fame day he releafed the faid Wra. Bokenham and Alice his 
wife from all adlions real and perfonal, which he ever had, or 

' This was the Black Prince: and the honour of knighthood was conrorred on 
him, as foon as the army landed in France, the memorable year of the battle of 

' Harl. MSS. 370. p. i, 

O 2 could 


coukl have, again ft them, froni the beginning of the Nvorld, to 
the date of that iriftrumcnt. 

Jllice Bckenhani was dead (as was probably her hiifband) 
before 5 Henry VI. for tliat year, John Bokenham her {^d\\ and 
heir was in poiTeiTion of the eftate, which Ihe had inherited ; 
and executed a deed to which is appendant his feal, tliat bears 
a frett, which was his own paternal arms, as w-ell as of his 
rnother. Seethe plate, N° 8. He lived not long after; and 
what is fomething uncommon, was fucceeded by a brother of 
both his names, as appears by the following extradl from a deed 
dated 1 1 Henry VI. 

Omnibus Chilfli fidelibus, &c. Gilbertus Mylde perfona ecclefie de Hauflede, 
Johannes Woodward, &c. lalutem. Noveritis r.os predift. Gilb. &:c. remififTe, re- 
laxaffe, &c. Johanni Bokenbam de Hauflede totvim jus noltruin ckimeiim que unquam 
habuimus in imo tenemento cunn fui? pert, in villis de Hauflede, &c. quod nuper 
habuimus ex dono et feoffamento Johannis Bokenham finioris, fratris prcdidl Jo- 
harviis Bokenham. 

The fame year, he did homage for his lands here, as appears 
by the following certificate: 

Hec indentura fadla inter Willielmum abbatem de monaflerio Sanfli Edmundl ex 
parte una, et johanneni Bukynham de Hawfled ex altera, teftatur, quod idem 
Johannes fecit homagium dido abbati, in magna camera manerii fui de Elmfvveli, 
pro terris et tenementis que clamat tcnerc de di6to abbate in villa de Hawlted pre- 
di^ta in com. Suff. et folvit feodum camerario. In cujus rei teflimonium his in- 
denturis partes predifte figilla fua ahernatim appofuerunt. Hiis teflibus, Willielmo 
Vv'ytlyfeye, Adam Bury, I'lieodorico Hertford, monachis; Johanne Croftys, Thoma 
Peyton, et Williehno Berdweli, armigeris. Datum apud Elmfwel! predift. vicefimo 
priniodie menfis Januarii, anno regni regis Henrici VP' pod conqueftum undecimo. 

The feal of William Curteys the abbot, of red wax, is ap- 
pendant to it, and charged with the reprefentation of the ftory 
of St. Edmund's head being found" by a wolf. The fame legend 
is alfo alluded to in the feal of Clement Denfton. See the plate. 

This John Bokenham was married the next year (12 Henry 
VI.) to a woman of the name of Alice, when he entailed his 


Chap. Iir.] O F H A W S T E D. loj 

eftatc upon his ilTue ; of which, I iufjpofe, defpairing, 26 
Henry VI. he fold " alle hefe londes and tenements, wodes, 
" medes, and paftures, rents and fcrvices, "whiche were late to 
" on John BolLenham, brother on to the feid John Bokenham, 
" as they lye within the townys and feldes of Hawiied, Horn- 
*' ingflierthe, Nowton, and Whepfted, in the fliire of SufF, for 
" the fome of a ckI. of good and lawfull money," to John 
Marfliall, Efquver, referving to himfelf and his wife a life-ftate 
therein; and fubje6ling himfelf to this ftrange condition; " alfo 
*' the feid John Bokenham fchall fynde fufficeaiinte furete in 
" ^il. to the feid John Marfliall, if fo be that the weifF of the 
*' faid John Bokenham deye, that he fchall wedd noo woman 
" by whom he may have any iffue." This caution proved un- 
necelTary. He probably did not live long after this ; nor did his 
wife long furvive him, dying his widow in 1452, as appears by 
her will, already recited, p. 16. So that Marfliall muft have 
been fortunate in his purchafe. 

Thus ended, in this place, the intereft of the Talmaches, and 
the Bok.enhams their defcendants, who had continued here for 
at leaft 166 years, — a longer eftablifliment than any fucceeding 
lords maintained. 


By a fine ', levied 33 Edward III. it appears, that Sir Wm. 
de Clopton and Mary his wife, bought the manor with the ap- 
purtenances of Sir Wm. de Middilton and Ifabella his wife; the 
latter referving to themfelves an annual rent of xxs. out of the 
manor. The purchafe is thus defcribed ; the manor of Hauftede 

The deed is indented at top, and on the fide where the lines end •, the edges 
marked with lome dimidiated capital letters, grown very faint and obfcure. 

2 with 

102 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S ^Cnap. III. 

■u'ith its appurtenances, the advowfon of the church, one toft, 
200 acres of arable land, 8 of meadow, 12 of wood, fix fliillings 
and eight pence rent, and \ pound of pepper, with the homages 
and all the fervices of Wm. de Pembregge, and 14 others. The 
purchafe-money was 600 1, as appears by the following receipt 
in full. 

Noverint univerfi, quod ego Willielmus de MiJdilton recepi dc d'no Wilto de 
Clopton milite cencum libras in auro et argento, in perfolutionem fex centum 
librarum, in quibus michi tenebatur pro vendicione manerii de Haufted fibi fafta : 
de quibus fex cenrum libris fateor me bene et fideliter fore pacatum ; et prediftum 
dnm Willielmuni heredes et executores fuos inde fore quietos in perpetuum per 
prelentes. In cujus rei teftimonium huic prcfenti fcripto figillum meum appofui. 
Datum apud Clopton die Martis proxime poft feftum Sandli Gregorii Pape, anno 
regni regis Edwardi tercii poft conquellum tricefimo quarto. 

The feal is ilill entire, except part of the circumfcription, and 
may be lecn in the plate, N° 5. 

At the fame time. Sir Wm. de Clopton fettled his purchafe, 
after the death of himfelf and his wife, upon Thomas their fon, 
and his heirs male. 

Sir Wm. died before his wife ; for flie was lady of the manor 
JO — 13 Ric. II. as appears by the accounts of John Clerk, who 
calls himfelf Ballivus ' Domine Clopton de manerio fuo de Hau- 
flede : from them 1 fliall fele^ft a few particulars. 

In 1386, among the Redditus ajjlfi, fet or Handing rents, is 
xviijd. rent, called Clothing Silver., paid at Chriftmas. Firma 
terre et pajiure ; a garden called Nowell, let for x s. a year. 
ExitHS maneriii iffues or profits of the manor; LXijs. viijd. 

' The Bailiff was next in dignity to the Steward. He was to rife early ; and 
go round the whole farm, to fee if every thing was as it fhould be. It was hit 
duty to take care that all the labourers in hufbandry performed their tafks properly; 
and in fhort to attend to every thing that concerned the cultivation and good 
management of the demefne. He was not to board in the houfe, but be allowed 
wages to find his own vidtuals. Fleta, Lib. II. Cap. 73, where the duties of his 
office arc fet down in detail. Many curious particulars in ancient economics may 
be found in that author. 


Clrap. IIL] OF H A W S T E D. to^ 

for n mL faggots; fruit of the garden ; xvjs. for keeping flicep ; 
for letting out the lady's carts xiij s. ; for letting out her ploughs, 
iiij s. ij d. Among the Redditus refolutiy or outgoings ; paid annually 
to the Sacrift of St. Edmund's Bury, xls. ; to the bailiff of the 
hundred, vs. iiijd.; to Nowton Hall, ixd. ; to the hundred for 
fuit, xvjd. Among the Cujius minuti', llioeing the fleward's ' 
{SeneJchaUi) horfe, vj d. Rewards to the fervants of the manor 
vjd. ; for the tax of our lord the king, for half a quindene {pro 
di qui'den.) vs. — Stipendia famuhrum\ wages of the bailiff xiijs. 
iiijd. a year; of the carter, vjs. viijd. ; of the deye, vs.; i qr. 
iij b. of oatm.eal for potage for the fervants. 

In 1389, among the expenfa forinfeca, or extraordinaries ; 
expences for the lady Erpingham, w itli her fervants and horfes,. 
vij s. viij d. '. A horfe bought for the re6ior, and prefented to him 


' T\\t fteivard wzs the head fervant belonging to a great perfon. He was to 
hold courts-, and attend to, and preferve, all the manerial rights. He was to take 
care, that all the offices belonging to the manfion houfe were well locked. He was 
to have an inventory of all the flock on the manor; to fee that the ferjeant, bailiff, 
and other fervants, behaved themlelves properly, and did not wafle their tin-.e at 
Diffci/ms, frays, wreftling-matches, ale-houfes, ?iV\d Vigils; that all of tlicm, upon 
their entering on their fervicc, produced proper fecurity for their good behaviour. He 
was every night to receive an account, from the different departments, ot all the 
confumption in the family. In fliort, all the domeftics were to be anfvverable to 
him ; but he could difmifs none. That power was referved to the lord. Fleta, 
lib. II. cap. 72. 

* How money came to be paid, I know not : afterwards are mentioned i quarter 
and I buftiel of oats for the lady Erplngham's horfes. Thefe allowances v.ere formerly 
delivered with fo much accuracy, that the extraordinary expences occafioned by 
vifnors were always fet down -, the names, arrival, and ftay of fuch vifitors being 
fpccified ih the groom's roll, which was examined every night by the fleward, 
Fleta, lib. II. cap. 74. 

This lady Erpingham was daughter of the lady Clopton. For Sir Thomas 
Erpingham of Norfolk married Joan the daughter of Sir VVm. Cloptou. Of this 
beautiful and virtuous lady and her hufband, Blomcfield in his Hiff. of Norfolk, 
Vol. III. p. 647, has tranfcribed a remarkable llory, half ferious and half comic, 
from Hey wood's rTNAIKEION. That he was miftaken in calling this lady his 
fecond wife, and faying (V. II. p. 51-^.) that his firft died in 1404; lee what hc 



by the lady's order, xxvjs. ixd. Paid Stephen the bellman for 
a new bell, by the lady's order, xxvj s. viij d. I'he expences of a 
man and a carter to Sudbury [17 or 18 miles] to fetch tyles for 
the friers at Babwell, xviijd. The expences of a carter to Mil- 
denhall [12 miles] to fetch ruflies ' for the lady, vjd. 

How long this lady lived, I know not ; nor whether Thomas 
Cloptan, her fon, upon whom, as we have feen before, the manor 
was fettled, after the death of his father and mother, ever lived 
to poiTefs it ; if he did, it was not long ; for before the end of 
Ric. II. it was vefred in his elder brother, Sir TFm. Clopton^ who 
fuiFered fome enormous outrages from Philip Fitz Eujiace and 
others, as may be gathered from a roll in my pofleffion 6 feet 
long, containing pleadings in the court of King's Bench, Weft- 
minfter, in the reigns of Ric. II. and Henry IV. By thefe it 
appears, that Sir Wm. Clopton brought his adion againft Philip 
Fitz Euftace, John Heyden, John Clerk, chaplain, Hugh de 
Baldwyne, Roger Gebon, Thomas his brother, John Laufele, 
John Smyth of Afliton, and John Waryn, for having, on the 
Sunday before Michaelmas, 21 Ric. II. with force and arms, that 
is, with fwords, bows and arrows, broken into a clofe in Hauftede, 
belonging to the faid Sir Wm. and cut down there xx oaks, 
c allies, and xl poplars, and carried them off, together with 
other goods and chatels, namely, linen and woollen cloths, vefTels 

fays himfelf, V. I. p. 53. The arms of this match, Erpingham (V. an uiefcutcheon 
in an Orle of Martlets A.) empaling Clopton, I faw a few j-ears ago in a window 
at Kentwell Hall, in Melford, the feat of the Cloptons. 

' With thefe her apartments were to be Itrown. Bullein, in his " Bulvvarke of 
" Defence," printed 1562, fays, " Rufncs tliat grow upon dry ground be good 
" to Itrcw in halls, chambers and galleries, to walk upon, defending apparell, as 
*' trains of gowns and kerties, from the du(f." p. 21. Thomas of Becket was 
thought finical and extravagant for having frefh ruflies, every day, " for fpoiling 
" of the cloaths." Siukfpeare frequently alludes to this cuftom ; which in 177 i, 
1 obferven w;is kept up in the council chamber at Hull, and in the room oppofite 
to it ; and which I recollecl not elfewhere, except in fome unpaved churches. 


Chap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. 105 

of filver, brafs, and copper, and other ntenfils belonging to his 
houfe, befides barley, beans, peafe, and oats, to the vakie of 

Fitz-Euftace, ^vho was the principal, after various delay's pvit 
in his anfwcr, and alledgcd, that the clofe into which he had 
broken, and the trees which he had cut down, and carried away, 
belonged to him, and not to Clopton. To the reft of the charge 
he made no reply. He was found guilty of the whole, and 
adjudged to pay xxiijl. damages. To avoid payment, he availed 
himfelf of all the procraftinations and evafions which the law 
has always allowed ; and it does not appear that the biifmefs 
was concluded, 9 Henry IV. Yet during this litigation, namely, 
on the Thurfday after the feaft of St. Bartholomew, 8 Henry IV. 
Robert Fitz-EtiJIace, probably a brother of Philip, had given up to 
Sir William all claim to the manor of Hawlted, both ft)r himleif 
and his heirs. 

What a pidture of the violent mode in which our anceftors 
fufFered their animofities againft one another to burft forth ! 
The cutting down trees might perhaps tend to the afcertaining 
of right ; but the carrying off corn and houfliold furniture 
could proceed from nothing but the lawlefs and ferocious 
manners of the age : and what aggravated the enormity w^as, 
that the parties were nearly related ; for it appears by the 
ix:digree, that Edmund Clopton, Sir William's brother, had 
married a Fitz Euftace. I willi that thefe diforders had been 
confined to the laity ; but one of the above-named rioters was 
in orders ; and I doubt the excefles committed by ecclefiaftics 
form part of the chrradler of early times. 1 Edw, III. no lefs 
than 32 clerici, among feveral townfmen of Bury, were con- 
vided of a moft daring afTault upon the abbey '. The mutual 
hatred of the feculars and regulars was excellive. 

' Regiftrum Vefliarii ; among the colledanea of the late Sir James Burrough, 
mafter of Caius Coilegf, Canibridge, who in 1764, bequeathed to the library of Sf. 

r James's 


Let lis now for a moment turn our thoughts to a more 
pleafi ng fubjeifl. During this vexatious dillurbance, Sir Wm. 
Clopton granted to Thomas Smyth a piece of ground called 
Dokmedw, in Ilauftede, for the annual payment of a rofe, at the 
nativity of St. John the Baptill, to Sir William and his heirs, 
in lieu of all fervices. Dated at Hauftede, on Sunday nest before 
the feaft of All Saints, 3 Henry IV. 

Ancient deeds are often dated on a Sunday, being executed 
in churches or church-yards, for the greater notoriety. 

But I fliould not have noticed this inftrument, if it had not 
been for its giving me an opportunity of illuftrating ancient 

The rofe was formerly a greater object of luxury than it is 
at prefent. The water diftilled from it gave a flavour to a variety 
of didies ; and ferved to wafh the hands at meals ; a cuftom 
itill preferved in fome of our colleges '. At marriages and other 
feftivities, the guefts wore chaplets of rofes. The author of 
the romance of Perce-Foreft, defcribing an entertainment, fays, 
every perfon wore a chaplet of rofes on their head. The 
conftable of France (and probably other great officers, at other 
courts) when he waited on the king at dinner, had one of thefe 
crowns. Women, when they took the veil, and when they 
married, were thus adorned. Warriors wore their helmets 
encircled with thefe flowers, as appears from their monumental 
figures. This fondnefs of our anceftors for this fragrant and 
elegant flower, and the various ufes to which they applied it, 
explains a particular that at firft fight feems fomewhat whimfical, 
which is, the buPjels of rojes, fometimes paid by vaflals to their 
lords. For part of the above I am indebted to the agreeable 
author of " Hiftoire de la vie privee des Fran(;ois," Vol. 11. p. 221. 

James's church, in Bury, a MS. folio and quarto, which would be of confiderable 
ufe to an hiflorian of the abbey and town. 

' And alfo in many of the public halls of the liverymen of London. J. N. 


Chap III.] O F II A W S T E D. 107 

The fingle rofe paid as an acknowledgement, was the diminutive 
reprefentative of a biifliel ; as a fingle pepper-corn, which is 
ftill a referved rent, is of the pound ; a payment, originally 
of fome worth, dwindling by degrees to a meer formality. 

Tired out, I fuppofe, with the vexations attending his pro- 
perty in this place, Sir William by a deed in French, dated at 
Melford, 2 Henry V. conveyed the manor with its appurtenances, 
which had been his father's, to William Clopt on, fon of Sir Thomas, 
and who was his firft coufm. 

But he could not enfure him the quiet poifeffion of his pur- 
chafe ; for the family of Fitz Euftace, and their conneiStions, 
appear to have quitted their property here with great relu6lance, 
and given their fucceffors every poffible moleftation. For not 
many years after the outrageous attack before mentioned fuc- 
ceeded another much more difingenuous and formidable. The 
firft notice that occurs of it is from the following writ out of 
the court of chivalry, preferved in Harl. MSS. N° 1178. 36. 
and thus entitled in the catalogue ; " A writ in Frenc- 1 of John 
*' duke of Bedford, Conftable of England, requiring John duke 
" of Norfolk, and JMarfliall of England, to bring WiUlam Clop- 
*' ton, of Suffolk, efq. to anfwer in the court of chivalrie to 
" Robert Eland of the county of Lincoln, efq. who charged 
" tJie laid Wiliam Clopton with putting his feal of arms to a 
" falfe and forged deed." 

Johan Filz, frcre et uncle an roys, due de Bedford et a' Anjoy, conce de Rich- 
mond et de Ker.dal, et conneftable d' Angletene, a notre tidcher coiifin Johan 
due de Norfolk, marfchal d' Angle-tCrrc, ialuz. Nous vous mandons et chargeons, 
que vous fates arrcfter ct venir devant nous, ou notre lieutenant, a WcfiiTunfter, a 
le quinfime du Saint Hillar prochain venant, William Clopton de conte de SufF. 
efqiiirc, pour adonques refpondre devant nous, ou notre lieutenant, en la coar de 
chivalerie, a Ilobeit Eland efquire de conte de Nicholl ', de ce que le dit Robtrt 
adunques luv furmettra par voie d'arrnes, touchant ce qu'il fauxment et encontrc 
honerte et gentilciTe d' armes, amis et appofe le feal de fes armes a iin taux et 
forge fair, aux dommages du dit Robert de "; et plus, a ce qu'il dit. Remandants 

' Lincoln. 

1* 2 par 

io8 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U 1 T I E S [Chap. III. 

par devanc nous au die jour, ou iceft notre mandement, tout ce que vous en avez 
i'aitz. Donne ioubs le feal de notre office Ic 23 jour de Novembre I'an du regno 
du notre knior k roy Henry fifime puis le conquelt d'Angleterre feptiefine. 

This curious record lliews witli what formality affairs of 
honour were formerly adjuilcd. We now proceed in a much 
more fummary manner. The charge was of a very ferious 
nature : whether the court came to any decifion about it, or 
Avhether any combat enfued, does not appear : but probably 
neither ; for we foon after find the parties engaging in another 
court, and with arms very different from thofe of chivalry. 
For in Eailer term, 8 Henry VI. William Clopton and William 
Gal yon cfquires, brought an adtion in the court of King's Bench, 
againft R.oger Bernerdefton, of Kedyngton, in the county of 
Suffolk, gentilman, and Robert Eland of Ratheby, in the county 
of Lincoln, gentilman, and Elizabeth his vvife, for having 
caufed, on Sunday next before the exaltation of the holy crofs 
[14 Sept.] 8 Henry VI. to be publiflied and read at Kedyngton 
and Melford, in the county of Suffolk, two deeds, by virtue of 
which the faid Robert and Elizabeth claimed the manor and 
advowfon of Hauflede, to the diflurbing of the faid William and 
William in the poITefhon of the fame, to their damage of m1. 

Eland pretended that the faid manor and advowfon were 
granted and confirmed 17 Edward III. by Sir Robert Bretonn, 
knight, William deRokelond, and Robert de Hildercle, to Sir John 
Fitz Euftace and Elizabeth his wife, and their heirs, in default of 
which to the heirs and a dig ns of the faid John for ever. And 
that by virtue of a letter of attorney from the faid Sir Robert, Wil- 
liam, and Robert, diredfed to Sir John de Welnetham, knight, Ri- 
chard Freflell, and Sir John de Bradefeld, red:or of the church of 
Ilaufted, the faid John and Elizabeth were put in full pofTefFion 
of the faid manor and advowfon. That from the faid John and 
Elizabeth the faid manor and advowfon defcended to their fon 


Chap III.] OF H A W S T E D. 109 

John, whofe daughter Ehzabeth was then the wife of him the 
faid Robert Eland, who claimed the fame in her right. The 
deeds upon which he founded his claim were produced and read 
in court. 

There is one circumflance in the pleadings that may be worth 
remarking, which is, that in an age when they were fo carelefs 
in orthography, that if the name of a perfon, or place, was re- 
cited twice in the fame deed, it was generally fpelled two dif- 
ferent ways ', Eland fliould quibble about a letter, alledging, that 
he lived 3.t Ray t/jeSi)',.:ind not -i^lRatheby^ as fet forth in his ad- 
verfary's bill. 

But even in this court this affair was not determined, but re- 
ferred to arbitrators, whofe award, though- rather long, is too 
curious not to be tranfcribed. 

To all trevve criften men to whom this prefent writyng cometh to, we Clemenr 
Denfton, clerk, Richard Aired and Robert Peyton, we fendyn zou gretyng in God 
everlafting. Know ze that whereas we the ieyd Clement, Richard and F.obert, 
arbitrators chofen betwene William Clopton and William Gallon on the oon partic, 
Robert Eland and Elizabeth his wyf, and Roger Bernerton on the other partie, be 
bothe parties aflent chofen, upon the right, title, and pofieffion of the maner of 
Hauftede, in the fhir of' Suff. with the apportcnances, and the avoylbn of the 
chirch of the fame towne, awardedyn be our dedes endented tripartite, v;hich beren 
the date in the fell of Seynt Symond and Jude, the zer of the regne of kyng Harri 
the fixte after the conquelt the xijthc. Ther as the feid Robt. Eland fhewith a 
dede endented and feyth, that the feid maner of Haufted fnuld be tallied to his 
wyfe -, and William Clopton and William Galyon feyn, that it is a fals dcde and a 
forged -, and theruppon they token axcion of forgyng of that dede in the K) nges 
Bench ageyn the faid Rob. Eland, Elizabeth his wyf and Roger Bernefton : and . 
the feid Wm. Clopton and his counceill han fhewed and declaryd to us the feyd 
arbitrators, that themaner of Hawfled with the appertenances was zone to Sir John 
Fitz Euftace and to Elizabeth his wyf, and to the helres of Sir Jolm. And the 
letter of attorne was accordyng to that dede •, and as Wm. Clopton feyth, that 
Eland or on for hym hath raled that dede, and newe wrctyn it ayen, and made 
therof a dcde in the taille. And Wm. Clopton and his counceyl declared, that the 
dede that is untrewe is not of the hand in wryting, ne of ynke of the letter cf 
attorne, which letter is trewe in wryting. And ther as the dcde and letter of attorne 

I Of this the award that inimedi.Uely follows may ferve as an example ; where the oithogcaphy 
is continually varied, 



were put in day'tng divers tymes er than we the leid arbitraitors medlyd therwith ; 
that is to fey, whan John Symond, recorder of London, and John Doreward fquyer 
of Eflex, Robert Cauiidilli, Thomas Fulthorpe, and Wm. Goodred, i'ergeaunts 
of the lavve and other recordedyn, that it is the i'apne dede that they fye -, and Robert 
Caundyfli feyth, lie myglit not have the dede of Eland to fen it out in the light 
aycnlt the fonne, atte leyfer. And now wc thre arbitrators han the dede, and 
mowe fen it age5n the fonne at oi;r leyfer, we fcyn how it was lyke to have be 
wrete beforn, and was rafed of that letter, and fuh wreten ther on azen with a 
dede and a febie ynke to feme old, and the ynlce untrewly gommyd, that with efy 
handclyng the ynke wull faden, and weryn away : ther as the letter of attorne is 
wretyn with a trewe ynke, and for any handelyng wull laft as a trew dede afketh. 
Alfo we the feid arbitrators han full knowlich of all the olde nnen aboute Haufted, 
-and of a woilhipfuU perfon that dwelled with Sir Wm. Clopton knyght, whan he 
bought Haufled, that highte Sir Robert Clerk, feyde uppon his deth bedde, that 
ther was never non fuche tayle as the feid llobert Eland fpeketh of, ne non feifyn 
delyvercd be none fuche dede, ne never was taille of the maner of Haufted herd 
of, to any of the Fitz Euftach, but a taille to the heir malis, the which was made 
be fyn to Fitz Euftach, and that was deternnyned as he fcith. And now we han 
the dede that the faid Robert Eland ftiewed, and atte our leyfer mowe fen it in 
the fonne, we have fully perceyved that it was lykc to have be wrete beforne tyme, 
and is now rafed, and newe wretyn ageyn. So that we the faid arbitrators fully 
we knowe that it is an untrewe dede and forged. VVherfor we the feid arbitrators 
awardyn that the feid William Clopton han that untrewe dede to cancelle it, and 
to don therewith as him lyfl:. In wittenefle that this was ourentent, and the caufe 
of our award and accorde as for that article of the untrue dede, we the feyd 
Clement, Richard and Robert, arbitrators in the articles above reherced, han fette 
to our fceles. Wretyn in the Feft of Seynt Symon and Jude, the zer of the regne 
of kyng Harry the Sixte after the Conqueft the xijche. 

All their three feals are entire. That of Deiifton, who was 
archdeacon of Sudbury, is engraven ; fee the plate, N° 3 : the 
wolf and St. Edmund's head appear towards the bottom. Alred's, 
a noble one, almoft i \ inch in diameter, bears a chevron en- 
grailed between three griffins heads erafed : Peyton's, a crofs 
engrailed, in the dexter quarter a mullet. 

Thus was this tedious bufinefs finally arranged ; and the 
charge of forgery retorted and proved upon Eland. 

During the time of this difpute, there fcems to have been a 

manumiflion of the Nativi ; for in a rental of 7 Henry V. is 

tliis ; '' Jam fequitur de tcrris et tenemcntis modo demiffis ad 

3 " firmam, 

Ghap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. m 

" firmam, que quidem tenementa nativi tenentes ab antiquo 
'* tenuerunt." The manor this year was laid to be of the clear 
yearly value of XLijl. xvs. ixd. and half a pound of pepper. 
This laft was paid for a piece of land called eleven acres, near 
Gag's Green, which lies at the northern extremity of the village. 
Nowell's Garden was let for xs. a year. 

William Clopton died in 1446, and was buried in Melford 
Church in this county, where his figure in armour lies on an 
altar monument within an arch, at the upper end of the North 
aile. Within the arch are painted thefe efcutcheons : 

I. S abend A. ' between 1 cotifes dancette O. Clopton. 

2^ A lion rampant S fefs compon. O and B. Mylde, 

3. Clopton empaling A, in a chief V 1 mullets pierced O. Driiry, 

4. Clopton empaling G, a faltire between 4 crofles patte O. 

On the front of the monument is a brafs plate with this epitaph, 
which fhews, that however the virtues of the fubjecSl might 
entitle him to the love of mankind, when alive, the Mufes did . 
not much befriend him after his death : 

SDapClis tt laratis, pruocns, tt in omnibus Hrgu« 
jartibus ct gnarus, gencrofo fanguine clarus, 
Conottuc Ijoc SCumuIo Clopton seitllus in arto, 
^eD ntmt£! ciciguo, tanto tirtutis amtro. 
^it oum titcbat p^uoentis nomcn fjabcbat 
3uff0 ; nam cunctis Dare fucfait fenfa Mwtis ; 
Confiliumquc pctcns fit Iccio? inoc rcceDcns 
^uam t)entcn0 : ncmpe Dtrco^Dcs pacts amo:c 
jl^crtcre gauocbat, Dapc quos pjop;!ia rcfoticbat. 

» Sometimes the bend was Ermine, as in Hawlled chancel window. Sometimej - 
it had only one Ipot, as on the tomb of a Rookwood in Stanningfield church ; 
fometirres the fpor, and 2 annulets interlaced, as in Glemsford church : fometimcs 
only one annulet, as it was borne by Sir Walter Clopton, who was prefent wicii . 
Henry V. at the fiege of Rohan. Harl. MSS. .1386. p. 84. 

paiipfciUis - 

112 H I S T O R \' AND A N T I Q^ U I T I E S [Chap. IIL 

pauprribiis pnttiit fua Jamm fcmpcr, abttit 
J15ii!iii3 a'j Ijac tianttis tnoigcna fri; pcrcgi'tn'. 

Sliiio mo:o; f Ijcu fcra mo^s iitrata tiiilt fo^s 

sp. C quatcr, tcxto Ciirifii qiiatcr S Rnuil anno 
iLpiitc muiico rapmt qua l-pr. Incc qiuetjit, 
ausuffi niciifc, poff frSum tirginis alme, 
Siuarta ncmpc Die, liScrnarDi tigiltaq; 
^uic fijon focia fucrat Qgaigcria bina : 
jDfinia fuit nata SDarr^ S ifraunrcrfqj fccui;9a. 
iruiuis titriquc fatiim ftiltt hm male, p^ime 
315ts Sccima luce ft nonas Dc'ps'is tnoc, 
3niio miUcno D'lii c quatcrq; tJtgcno. 
£luaito jpoft anno ruit altera Die DuoDcno, 

He was fucceeded by his foil Joy^w C/opfon, of whom, as coii- 
nc6led with this village, nothing occurs. He was flieriff of the 
counties of Norfolk and Suffolk 30 Henry VI. married Alice 
Darcy of Maldon, in Eflex, and died advanced in years 13 Henry 
VII. .He and his wife are buried under an altar monument of 
grey marble, within an arch, on the N. fide of the communion 
table at Melford : and at their heads are ftill remaining their 
portraits kneeling, painted fmall in frefco, with the arms of 
Clopton and Darcy (A 3 cinquefoils G) on their drefs. It fliould 
not be omitted, that not long before his death he was inftru- 
mental in at Icaft repairing, perhaps re-building, that moft: 
beautiful chapel, now u fed for a fchool, at the E. end of Melford 
chancel, as appears by the following infcription on the battlements: 

prap fo'. tijc folDlc cf Jofjn l^rH, a»it! foi fljc foule of iobit tllopton, (Sfqtusre, mto 
fvav fo; t\}c foiilc of l\\?cl)arD llotjcoav, llBoteler luitb ^o\}n Clopton, oflf luljos goDis 
tuis cljap};cl rs imbav'trliD, b\! Ijis cjrccutojs. JDrai? fo: tljc foUiIis Df CiKiUiam (iClopton 
Cfqbovcvc, 9I?argcrp, anD J^argcri? |)ts luififs, ano fo: all t!jcr parentis ano cljilDrcn. 
2nD fo; tl)c fotulc of illicc Clopton, anD foj Joljn Clopton, ano foj all t)is rfjElDrcn, 
anD fo: all tlje foulifi fljat tlje faiD 3Iol)n is bounDe to pjap fo:, iDljiri; dccd tijts cljappcl 
nelu rcpare. A" D'i m°cccc°lxxxxvi. 

" This is a miftake of the engraver's for Drury, as appears by the pedigrees of 
both the ianVilics, as well as fiom the amis on this monument. 

Chap. III.3 O F H A W S T E D. 113 

In a deed in his time, mention is made of the camping ' pjghtel, 
which joined to the eaft-fule of the church-yard : this, with the 
church-houfey was let, in the next reign, for xiij s. iiij d. a year. 
The field has entirely loft its name, which is the more re- 
markable, as in fome parts this adlive game of our anceftors is 
ftill much in fafhion. There is alfo a large ploughed field, in 
which a ftrip of glel)e land lies, belonging to Filet's farm, called 
Julian's. The labyrinths, and mazes made of earth-works, the 
fcenes of ruftic diverfions of old, were in fome parts called 
Julian's Bowers, If any fuch exiftcd here, as from the name 
there probably did, the plough has levelled them, as in other 
places, and the very tradition of the fport is forgotten \ 

After his death. Sir Jf'ni. Clopton his fon became poffeired of 
this manor; and 19 Henry VII. by the name of Sir Wm. Clopton 
of Melford, in the county of Suffolk, knight, {o\\ and heir of 
John Clopton, efquire, enfeoffed Sir Wm. Waldegrave, knight, 
Sir Robert Peyton, knight, and feveral others, in it, to the ufe 
of his will. To this deed he affixed the feal of Franceys, his 
grandmother being an heirefs of that name: it is of red wax, 
near an inch in diameter ; the fliield is reprefented as hanging 
on a tree, which diverges at top into two round heads. 

The next year he fold the manor and advowfon, with their 
appurtenances, to Sir Robert Drury, knight, in exchange, for the 
manors of Henfted and Blomftons, in this county, and M marcs, 
cc of which were paid in hand ; and the reft were to be paid by 
inftallments, between the hours of nine and ten in the forenoon, 

' Camping wis not only good exercife for the performers themfclves, but fup- 
pofed alfo to be kich for tht- field on which they engaged, according to Tufier; 
In meadow or p.idiire (to grow the more fine) 
Let campers be camping in any of thine ; 
Which if ye do fiiffer, when low is the fpring, 
Yoti g;iin to yourlelf a commodious thing. 
* Sec Ilutcnins's Ilillory of Dorfctfhire V. I. p. 100. 

Q at 

1 14 HISTORY A N D A N T 1 Q_U I T 1 E S [Chap. 111. 

at the rode altar in the church of the monaftery at St. Edmund's 
Bury. The deed is dated i6 Nov. 20 Henry VII. and figned 
Avithin the fold of the parchment, VVilUam Clopton, though it; 
is only faid that the parties have interchangeably let their leals. 
The feal is broken off. Several receipts on paper for the pur- 
chafe-money are flill extant, and figned, " By me Wyllyam Clopton^ 
knigbtr His feal, a ton, out of which iffues fome plant, per- 
haps a caltrop, which might be contraded to the firft fyllable of 
his name. 

Sir William, 1 2 Feb. following, fuffered a recovery of the 
manor, &c. to the ufe of Sir Robert Drury. To this is appen- 
dant a feal of green wax, reprefented in the plate N° I. and two 
days afterwards, John, Robert and William, fons of Sir William, 
releafed their title in the faid manor, &c. to Sir Robert. 

Thus ceafed this family's intereft here, after a continuance of 
better than 140 years ; and the Drurys now engrolTed almoft the 
whole village. 

The Cloptons took their name from a village in this county : 
from which they were probably detached very early, as there is 
no record that mentions their having any poffellions there. 
William de Clopton had property at Wickhambrook, 43 Henry 
111. and his grandfon Sir Thomas acquired the manor of Kent- 
well, in Melford, by marrying Catharine the daughter and heirefs 
of Wm. Mylde or Meld, who died 48 Henry III. It was his 
brother Sir William who purchafed this manor, and probably 
rclided here: but his fon felling it to William fon of Sir Thomas, 
the family quitted this place, refiding at their noble feat called 
Kentwell-Hall, in Melford, where they continued till Sir William 
Cloptofi left an only daughter and heir married to Sir Simonds 
D'Ewes. Their only daughter Siffilia, who died in 1661, was 
the wife of Sir Thomas Darcy, hart. Soon after the Revolution, 
that eftate was in Sir Thomas Robinfon, bart. whofe grandfon 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 115 

Sir Thomas, early in this century, fold it to John More, alias 
Mould, elquire, whofc defcendants ftili poliels it. 

A younger branch of the Cloptons had for fome time been 
feated at Lyfton, in Effex, about two miles off, where they con- 
tinued till Foley Clopton^ M. D. a batchelor, left that eftate to his 
only fifler, married to Edward Crifpe, of Rury, efq. They 
fold it to Wm. Campbell, efq; who now refides there. 

The name, I believe, became extinct by the death of Dr. 
Foley Clopton, in 1730, who left the chief part of his eftate 
for the founding an hofpital at Bury, for lix old men and fix old 
women. His fifter died without ifTue : her niece Elizabeth 
Clopton was married, in 1746, to the Rev. Mr. Gilbert Affleck, 
of Dalham, in this county, who died in 1763 ; Hannah, another, 
was married to Martin Folkes, efq; of Chevely in Cambridgefliire; 
and the iffue of thofe two matches are the reprefentatives of this 
ancient, and refpedlable, family. 

D RU R Y. 

Having thus traced the lords of the two manors to the ex- 
tin(flion of their property in this village, I fiiall now give fome 
account of the Drurys, in whom both of them were firft united. 
This family came into England at the conqueft ; immediately 
after which, they were feated at Thurfton, in this neighbour- 
hood, where they continued till Sir Roger Drury (who died in 
141 8) removed to Rougham ; and Roger Drury (who died in 
1500) became feated here. Their pedigree is here given from the 
beautiful original in the poffeffion of Sir William Wake, bart. 
one of the reprefentatives of this family, and whofe kindnefs in 
the loan of it, I feize with pleafure this occafion of acknow- 
ledging. Mr. Blomefield mentions it ; but fays, he had no op- 
portunity of making extrads from it '. 

'liill. Norfolk, V. I. p. 185. 

Q 2 This 

1 16 II I S T O Jl Y AND A N T I QJJ 1 T I E S [Chap. III. 

This Roger, by the name of Roger Drury, of Ilawfted, elq; 
became pofielTed of the manor of Bokenham's, 3 Edw. IV. it 
being then afligned him by William Colman, to whom it had 
been releafed by John JVIarfhall, who, as w^e have feen before, had 
been eftated therein by John Bokenham, and Alice his wife. He 
died probably not long before his will was proved, which was on 
22 March, 1500, in the chapel of St. Leonard, near Norwich. 
He muft have reached a great age, as his father is faid to have 
attended John of Gaunt in his expedition into Spain, in 1386. 

The will itfelf is dated 20 Jan. 1493; and at that time he 
feemed dovibtful of the place of his fepulture, which, was after- 
wards certainly in this church ; to which he was yet very penu- 
rious, bequeathing it only the contingency of a fermon once a 
year for ten years: perhaps he was the lefs liberal, as the advow- 
fon was not yet in his family. The will is extant in the rcgiftry 
of the bifliop of Norwich, and contains fo many remarkable 
particulars as to be worth preferving. 

In Dei nomine, Amen, I Roger Drury, of Hawlfted, in the com. of Suffolk, 
efqiier, beynge in hole mende, and beleyvint^ as God and the church wuld I 
fliuld ', the XX davKif January^ in the year of our Lord God mcccc and Lxxxxiij, 
malic my teftament in this wyle. Fyrlt 1 bequeth my Ibiile to Aimyghty God, and 
to our Lady Seine Mary, and to all the Company of Hevyn ; my body to be 
burved in fuche place wher I trurt in God to afllgne at the tyme of my dethe. Alfo 
1 will that mvn executors rccevve my detts, and pay my detts : and it any wronge 
have I do ", as God defend, to any perlon or perfons, duly provid and examyned 
be mv faid executors, I will they be rcftored. Alfo 1 will that if it pleafe the 
abbot of Bury, and iiis convent, to kepe a deryge for me in the quere, antl maffe 
of requiem on the next day at the hey aultar, becaufc it plcafed them to make me a 
brother ^ of their chapter, I will that the faid abbot have xxs. the prior vjs. viijd. 


' Xotice has been before taken of this profelTion of his orthodoxy. Seep. 671. 

* This provilion is not imfiefiuent in old wills, and marks an age when the great were both 
wilhng to oppress iheir inferiors, and able to do it with impunity. When death approached, they 
felt rcmorle of confcienee, and enjoined their executors to ledrcfs injuries, of which none could be 
inch comix-tent judges as thofe that had committed them. Tlie prefent teftator, by the expiellion 
" as Ciod defend" (that is, forbid), implies his hope that he had not commitied any; but how can 
a man wrong another without knowing it, or without the otlier's complaining to him it he dares f 

' Perfons of the firll rank were delirous of becoming brethren of religious focieties ; for they 
r>ere to participate in the merits of their prayers and otlier \\oith)' aiftions, while living; and to be 


Chap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. ^17 

the fexten, iijs. iiijd. the felerer, iijs. iiijd. the chantor, iijs. iiijd. and every other 
monke preftc, xxd. and they that be no prelles, xij d. apece. ; and this I will imme- 
diately be doon after my deceaffe, as fone as it may. Alfo I bequeth to Anne 
BafTet, the doughter of John Baffet and Elizabeth his wife, xls. to her maryage. 
Ahb I bequeth to Mr. Thomas Coote, parfon of Hawfted, for my tythes not full 
content in tymes part, xx s. Alfo I bequeth to the hey auter of the churches of 
Hartcft, Somerton, and Whepfted, to iche of them, vj s. viijd. Alio 1 bequeth to 
the reparacion of the church of Onhosvs, wher I am patron, xls. Alfo to the ij 
houles of Frerers of Thetford, to iche of them for a deryge, and a mafle, xiij s. 
iiijd. To the nunnes of the fame towne, xxs. in lyke wyle to the Freres of Sud- 
bury, xiij s. iiijd. in lyke wyfe to the Freres of (Hare, xiiis. iiijd. lyke wife to 
the white Freres of Cawmbrege, iijs. iiijd. Alfo I bequeth to Ric. Jerveys, 
xiijs. iiiid. to Agnes his wyfe, iijs. iiijd. to VViltm. Hyndey, vjs. viijd. to 
Henry Fynche, iijs. iiijd. to Belamy, iiis. iiijd. to Nunne, xxd. to Roger 
Aired, iijs. iiijd. to Elizabeth Drury, my fervant and kyncfwoman ', x marks, 
whcch Roberd my fonne hath in his kepyng. Alfo I will, and fpecyally defyer, 
my faid executors, and John Bafle, to take heed to the yerly payment of xs. 
by yer of annuitye, which George Nunne payth, and muft pay, during the 
terme of xxxvij ^ers, from Mychelmas laft parte, which was the ix yer of kyng 
Henry the vij, as by the dedys of the faid annuitye more playnlye apperyth : the 
which xs. 1 will be fpent in red herynge, yerly, in Lenton, amonge the inhabi- 
tants of Whepfted, fume more, and fume leiTe, as povertie rcquiieth: and to be 
bought and dclyvered by the hands of the faid John BafTe, during his life, and 
after his deceffe, by the hands of luche on as fliall be named by myn executors. 
Alio 1 will, that Anne my wyfe have all luch fluff of houfhold, utenfiles, plate, and 
jewels, with the bocks [books] that wer her or [before] I maryed, withought any in- 
terrupcon, or trobill. And 1 will that fhe have of my plate, a gilt pece .... with 
a bafe foote, which weycth xxiij unc. A ftandyng pece white and gilt, the which 
weyeth xxvij unc. myn old filver bafon with the Drury's armes departed S which 
weyeth xxxvij unc. alfo my gilt ewer ', the which weyeth xviij unc. Alfo I will 
that flie have my chaled pece with m} n armys in the boiom, the which weyeth xij 
unc. becaule flie hath ij peces of the fame fute. Alfo I will that Ihe have my 
playne flat pece, with a gilt knoppe, which weyeth xvj unc. Alfo I will that fhe 

prayed for by them when dead. When this Roger was admitted into the fraternity he mentions, I 
know not; but in 1440, his elder brother Henry, and Elizabeth his wife, with Himiphiey earl of 
Bvitks, his countefs, and two tons, Henry de Bourcher earl of Ewe, and his Ion, Anne de V'ere, a 
daughter of the earl of Oxford, and leveral others, received this favour; when they gave the 
monallery a grand entertainment, belides two rich copes with all that belonged to them. Regillrum 
Curteys. MSS. B. 

' The relations of perfons of rank and fortune fometimes waited upon them in the capacity of 
ftrvants. Tlie earl of Northimiberland, about this period, was fcrved by his lecond Ion, as carver, 
by his third, as fewar. Houfehold Book. See alfo the Dilfcrtatiou prefixed to the 3d volume of Air. 
\\'art()n"s Hift. of Englifli Poetry, p. •: if. 

* Quartered. He bequeaths another bafon with his whole arms. 

* When Greruio was boalHngof the finery he could bellow upon his wife, he fays ; 

-mv houle 

Is richly fiirnidicd with plate and gold, 
Bafoni and civsrs, to lave her dainty hands. 

Taming of a Shrew. A. II. 



have my powder-box ', which vveveth vij unc. Alio I will that flie have my 
piimc-r ' clothed with purpill damalke; and my bok.e clothed with red leather, in 
which boke is the mafic of Jhu. AUb I will that Cne have my white counterpeynt '', 
which hath myn armys ; my greene coverlyght " wrought with white coton, my 
payer ot' fiiftyans \ my hoole chamber " that I ly in, my ij bedds in my maidons 
cnamber hoole, "with the change of fliets longyng to all the faid chambers. Alfo 
I will that fl-je have of myn other fhets and napery fuch parte as fhe thynkyth 
ncceir.iry for her withought contradicon. AHo 1 will that Hoberd my fonc have 
my bocks of Lat^n lying in my chapell or longing thereto, the day of the making 
of this my teftamenr, except the bocks before except. Alfo I will that he have 
my ij veflments, on of cloth cf golde, the other of red fylk, with ij corporafes \ 
the ton lyke to the vcftment of golde, the tother blacke velvet, with all the atKer 
clothes, frunteleys % and hangyngs concernyng to the faid chapell. Alio I will 
that he have to the faid chapell my gilt chaleys, weying xx unc. my ij fiandyng 
candleftykkes of xxiij unc. n^y ij cruets ' gilt and white xx unc. Alfo I will that 
he have my filver balbn with myn hoole armys, and the white ewer thereto, the 
which weyeth f,^ and xj unc. Alfo I will that he have my chafyng chafor of filver, 
which weyeth xxvij unc. Alfo I will that he have the xiij fponys, the which are 
dayly in the borery, with the fquare peynts, which weyen xiij unc. di et quart. 
Summa v„'\ and xiij unr. di et quart. Alfo I will that the faid Roberd have my 
gret cownterpeynt with ihe boufers '° armys, and my payer of ftamyns ". Alfo I 
will that Anne the wyfe of the faid Roberd my fone have the choyfe of my two 

' Towder, originally employed to clean the hair, was not, I believe, iifed as an ornament, till 
after the middle of the lali century. This powder-box was probably for perfumed powder, which was 
of e;irly ule, particulnrlv for the cloaths. In a copy of a wardrobe account, 9 Ehz. in the polleffion 
of the duchels dowager of Portland, occur 6 lb. of fweet powder ufed for the queen's robes, at 
13 s. 4d. a pound. 
'^ The primer contained a colleftion of prayers, pfahiis, hjmns, &c. in Latin and Englifli ; re- 
tained, v.'ith alteration, after the Reformation. Brit. Topog. II. p. 323. 

3 Now called counterpane. An ornamental covering for the bed. 

♦ Couvre lit, Fr. now commonly called a quit ; a name not unknown formerly. 

« Blankets made of fullian. So' in Chancer, a great man, comforting his daughter, who was 
become melancholy, promiies her, among other luxuries and elegances, 
Your blankets fliall be of fuftayne. 

' The whole furnitine of my chamber. 

' The C'r/icr<2j «as the conftcrated hoft, and the cafe in whiihitwns depoli'ed was called the 
C'lrporai Caic, and lometinies only the Corpcras. So in Blomefield's Hilt. Norf. (where by the bye, 
more intormation relative to ancient manners and culioms may be tollec'teci, than in perhaps all the 
other county hillories put together) ; a cafe of red velvet on one lidc, for the Cotporaji to be put in. 
V. II. p. cij. Corpora! Cafe of blew cloth of gold tiffue, with the Curporafe iherein ready hallaiK-eds 
639. Sornctimes a cloth or covering was laid over this cafe ; as, a Ccrporas Kercoir, with ti.e cafe of 
ivhiie Aaniajl-, wrouglu with branches of gold, &c. 67S. Two Corpora! Cappes (Capfa;, or Cafes) 
one without a C^rtfc/'; Hill. Dunwich, p. 158. 

• Cloths for the front of the altar, more ornamented than the other parts; as they often are at 

« 'I hefc flood on the altar, and contained water, and wine. 

'° Bourchers. 

" Blankets made of wool. Etamisr, forte d'etoffe legcre qui ert faite ccmine la toile, avec de la 
laine feche et dcgraiifcc avec du liivon noir. Richlet. Siamcn Petticoat, with two guards. Eall- 
ward Hoe, printed 1605. 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 119 

mafers '. And I will that Margaret the wyfe of my fone "William have the tother 
mafer. The on mafer with the cover filver gilt, weyeth xvj iinc. and the tocher 
with the peynted cuver and the gilt knoppe, weyeth xvj unc. Alio I will that 
Anne the doughter of the faid Roberd have my primer clothed in bawdekyn \ 
Alfo I will that William my fone have my ij Inglyfhe bocks, called Bochas, of 
Lydgat's ' makyng. Alfo I will that the faid William have on of my fedyrbedds, 
with a traverfin * of the fame fute, lying in the chapell chamber. Alfo I will that 
Anne my wyfe have of my cofers and chefts, fiich as (he thynketh fliall be necefTary 
for her. The relidue of my Huff of houlhold in the keeping of the faid Roberd 
and Anne his wyfe, at the tyme of my dethe, except afore except, and except 
niy plate not bequethen, I will that the faid Roberd my fonne have. Alfo I will 
that William my fone have all fuche Ihepe as I have at gey ft ^ at my dethe. The 
fume of this my tellament, Icgat. in money, as it is above wretyn, drawith xxvjl. 
xiij s. iiijd. befide the x markc ailigned to Elizabeth Drury, the which x marke 
Roberd my fone hath in keeping. Item, I will that c marke, the which my fone 
Roberd hath of myn in keeping, in money and in plate, goe to the fyndyn of a 
fcoler of Devenyte in Cawmbreyge * for x yer, gevyng him x marke yerly, if he 
will preche ones in the yer, daring the x yer at Hury, and ones at Hawfted : and 
if he will not preche, then I will that he have but viij marke by the yer. Alfo 
I will that Katrine, Jane, and Anne, the doughters of my faid fone William, have 
cl. which is in the keping of the faid William, to ther maryage; that is to fey, 
iche of them l marke : and if anv of the iij fufters dye, I will that her l marke 
be departed ' betwyn the toder ij fufters ; and if any of the iij fufters intende to be a 

' Thefe mafers have been thought by Du Cange and others, to have been bowls or cnps, made of 
feme precious materials. Some have thought, that they were made of maple ; lometimes at leall 
they were made of that wood, according to Spenfer, who (peaks of 
A ma-zci ywroiight of the mafle aia'V. 

Minfliew fays, they were made of the roots of that tree, which are remarkable for their beautiful 
veins. Perhaps they were made of any wood, which, when turned and polillicd, fliewed an elegant 
and variegated furface. Laiigham, in his Garden of Health, printed in 1 1;97, mentions the medicinal 
virtue of the gumm of the mazer or ivild cherry- trei. p. i ^6. They were let or mounted with lilvcr, 
as we often tee cocoa nut-fliells at prefent. Among Cardinal Woliey's plate was a great malar, and 
four fmall niafars, and a cover of wood. Gutche's Coll. Cur. II. p. 33S. A curious malei is en- 
graven, and defcribed, in Gent. Mas;. 1784. p. 257. 349. 

^ Gold brocade. 1'he riJicil clodi. 

3 About the \ear 1 360, Boccacio wrote a Latin hirtory, in ten books, cilled, de Cafibus Vironim 
et Feminarum illuftiium. It was foon afterwards tranflated into French, by one Laurence, a Fi\nch 
ecclefiailic. '1 his tranflation was the original of Lydgate's Poem, which confifts of 9 books; and 
in the earlieft edition, printed at London, without date, in the reign of Henry VlIL is thus entitled, 
" The Tragedies gathered by Jhon Bochas, of fuch princes as fell from theyr eliates, through the 
" miitabilitie of fortune ; fince the creation of Adam until h\s time, &;c. tianllattd into Englifh 
" by John L\dgate, monke of Bury." Warton's Hift. Englifli Poetry II. p. 61, 2. 

'I his was the book bequeathed; and being yet in MS. was certainly a valuable legacy. There 
were probably feveral copies of this work in this neighbourhood. 

* This word occurs in the Royal Wills, p 73. and n.eans a Bdfter, which lies acrcf. 

5 Thefe are now called, Joiji Cattle ; and are the cattle of other people taken to palhire at ^o 
much a v\eek or month. Theie in queftion could not be fuch ; they were perhaps inch as were 
fat, and fit for flaughter. Or did he happen to have any of his own at Giyft, at this tine? 

* How much our ancertors attended to this object, the mimberlefs exhibitions, ftill exiitiug in our 
univeriities, area proof. See alfo Kennett's Paroch. Antiq. p. 214, 15. 

" Divided. So in the old lervice of matrimony, " till Death us ilepaii." 

t woman 

120 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. m. 

woman of religion ', than I will that fhe have x marke, the day of her profeflion, 
the refidue to be dcpaited betwyn the tother ij fullers; and if ij of them dye or 
they be maryed, than I will that flie that furvyveth, hath c marke " of the faid cl. 
and the l marke relidue I will be difpofed by the difcrecon of my faid fone William, 
my fone Roberd, and Katrine my doughter, to the profyte of his other children. 
And if all the iij fufters dyen, then I will the faid cl. be difpofed of the difcrecon 
of my faid fone William, Roberd, and the faid Katrine, among his other children, 
as the cafe fliall require. The which cl. I will my fone William have in kepyng 
tyll the faid dou;^'hters be maryed. And if the faid William dye, or they be 
maryed, than I will my fone Roberd have the cl. in kepyng tyll the faid doughters 
be maryed. And for the performance of this my teftament and laft will of my 
meveable goods ^, 1 make myn executors the faid Roberd my lone, and William 
my fone. 

He was fucceeded by his eldeft fon Robert,^ fo often mentioned 
in his will ; who in a mortgage '* made to him of a meffuage and 
two crofts, in Pynford Street^ in this village, i Henry VII. was 
called Robert Drury, of Hawiled, Efq. One of his firft adts after 
his coming to his inheritance, feems to have been the procuring 
from the pope a licence for the chapel in his houfe ; which yet 
W26 certainly in life before, as his father left it fo handfomely 
furniflied, at his death. This licence bears date the 7th of the 
calends of July, i o pope Alexander VI. which is 25 June, 1501, 
and is as follows : 

Julianus miferatione divina epifcopus Oftienfis, diledlo in Chrifto Roberto Drury 
nobili Norwicenfis diocefeos, falutcm in Domino, tx parte tua fuit propofitum 
coram nobis, quod, cum quedam capella in manerio tuo de Halftede dide diocefeos 
quafi per unum miiiare vel circa a parochiali ecclefia de Halftede diftet, adeo quod 
propter hujufinodi diltantiam, hiemaii et aliis temporibus anni, propter nives, 
giacies, imbres et inundationes aquarum, ec viarum difcrimina quibus ilia regio 

' If one became a nun, (he was to have x marke (or vjl. xiijs. iiijd.) the day (he took the 
veil. This, i iuppofe, was the ufual lum which religious locietits at that time received, for the 
maintenance of a young woman during her lite. One of them was a nun at Brufyard in this 

^ So at all events, no one was to have more than c marke (or Lxvj I. xiijs. iiijd.) which was 
donbtlefs thought an ample fortune for a gentleman's daughter. 

3 He fays meveable (niovcible) goods ; for a man could not difpofe of his lands till 32 Henry VHI. 
which is the rcafon that we find the teflators before that tin;e, lo bulily eniployed in dilpoiitig of 
their pcrlonal etfets, and totally hlent about entailing or felling their manors, Sic. 

* The deed is indented at top, and on the left fide ; the indentures being marked with large 
dimidiated capital letters ; a cuftom frequent in this, and the reijiu of Edward 1\'. 

habundat ; 

Chap III.] - O F H A W S T E D. 121 

habiindat ; pro miffis et aliis divinis officiis audiendis, tu et uxor tua, ac heredes et 
fucccflbres, e: familiares tui, ac alii pro tempore declinantes, prefertim dominicis 
et aliis feftivis diebus, prout tenemini, didani parochialcm ecclefiam commode, 
prouc tu et uxor tua, ac heredes et fucceflbres, ac familiares predidi velletis, 
accedere non poteftis, defideratis in difta capeila in manerio predidto, que nonduni 
confecrata exiftit, per prefbyterum ydoneum fecuhrem vel regularem, pro tempore 
depucandum, miffas ec alia divina officia cckbrari facere, et ea audire, ac Eucha- 
riftiam et quecunque alia facramenta et lacramentalia ecclefiaftica, quoriens fuerit 
opportunum, ab eodem prefbycero recipere, quod vobis minime pcrmitticur abfque 
fcdis aportolice difpenfatione et licentia fpeciali ; quare fupplicari fccifti humiliter 
tibi et uxori ac heredibus et fucceflbribus et familiaribus tuis predidis in perpetuum 

fuper hiis per fedis predifte clementiam provider!. Nos igitur attendenies, 

quod in hiis que ad divinum cultum pertinent favorabiles effes debemus et benigni, 
tuilique in hac parte fupplicationibus inclinati ; auftoritate domini pape, cujus peni- 
teiiciarie curam gerimus, et de ejus fpeciali mandato fuper hoc vive vocis oraculo 
nobis fafto, ut per quemcumque prelbyterum ydoneum fecularem vel regularem, 
per to et heredes tuos ac fuccellbres prediftos deputandum, cum altari portabili, ei 
aliis rebus ad hoc neceffariis et opportunis adhibitis, veflri ordinarii et loci predidi 
redoris aut prefbyteri parochiani licentia minime requifita, mifTas et alia divina 
officia, dominicis et aliis feftivis ac proteftis diebus prout vidcbitur, ceiebrari 
fa<:ere et ea audire, ac euchariftiam et quecumqUe alia facramenta et facramemalia 
ecclefiaftica ab eodem (felto pafchali duntaxat excepto) libere et licite recipere 
poflitis et valeatis ; jure tamen parochialis ecclefie In omnibus femper falvo, et fine 
alicujus juris prejudicio, tibi ac heredibus et fucceflbribus utriufque fexus ac pref- 
bycero predido (veris exiftentibus fupradidis), tenore prefentium liberam conce- 
diinus facultatem -, ac tecum et heredibus et fucceflbribus ac prelbytero prefatis 
fuper hiis difpenfamus in perpetuum, conftitutionibus apoftolicis ac provincialibus, 
et fynodalibus conciliis editis generalibus vel fpecialibus, nee non Ottonis et Odoboni 
©lini in regno Anglic apoftolice fedis legatorum, ceterifque conrrariis non obftantibus 
quibufcumquc. Datum Rome apud fandum Pctrum fub figillo officii pcnitenciarie 
vij kal. Julii, pontifieatus domini Alexandri pape vj anno decimo. 

Appendant to the above, by a ftrong woven cord, is a thin 
feal, reprefenting I believe (for the impreflion is rather obfcure) 
a perlbn feated under a Gothic canopy, and holding a child ; 
beneath is an efcutcheon with two keys in faltire, furmounted 
by a triple crown, circumfcribed, sigillum oficii sacre pe- 
i^iTENCiARiE ap'lice. It is of white wax, incrufted on the 
iide of the imprellion with a thin coat of red. A fliarp oval, 
2 ^ by I I inches, fecured in a tin cafe by the cord before-men- 

R tioiicd 


tioned palling through its back and the cafe, and tied to the 

The above is tranfcribed, as not being in tlie eommon form ; 
for thefe licences were not generally granted by the pope, but 
by the biiliop of the diocefe, who did not prefume to grant 
thefe domeiUc chapels fvich privileges, and make them fo nearly 
independent of the parifli church, as his hplinefs did. The 
general requiiites for granting thefe licences were, that the 
perfon fliould be a man of rank and confequence {nobil'is)^ an 
invalid, or living at a diftance from the church : the laft of 
which circumftances is, in the prefent inftance, aggravated by 
the badnefs of the roads, which is defcribed with all the wordy 
parade of a modern conveyancer. 

The portable or moveable altar granted in the above licence- 
was fo called to diftinguilli it from the larger and more folid one 
of mafonry : and at this perhaps maffes might be celebrated in 
any apartment m the houfe. Thus Sir John Bardolf and his 
wife had a licence from the pope, in 1353, to have a portable 
altar, upon which a proper prieft might, in a fuitable place, 
in their prefence, celebrate mafles, and other divine offices '. 
They had fometimes very diftinguiflied privileges annexed to 
them. Thus Baldwin, abbot of Bury, in the time of the 
Conqueror, brought one of them of porphyry from Rome, welL 
furniflied with reliques, and at which, as long as the convent 
preferved it entire, maffes might be celebrated, though the 
whole kingdom lay under an interdisfl, unlefs the pope inter- 
dialed that by name % 

My friend Mr. Fenn, of Dereham, has in his poffeffion one 
of thefe implements. It belonged formerly to Mr. Thomas 
Martin, who ellecmed it a fingular curiofity. It is made of 

' Hift. Norf. Vol. IV. p. 210, 
! Battely's Antiq. Bur. p. 4S. 


Chap, m.] O F H A W S T E D. .123 

wood, in the fliape of a reading defk ; 167 inches high, 18 
^vide, and 1 1 deep. The front part is of box, carved in high 
reHef with the traihng branches of the vine. The fides are of 
oak, on the upper parts of which are fculptured the branches 
of the fig tree ; and lower down, the emblems of the Evangelifts, 
two on each fide. The whole is coloured and gilt upon a white 
incruftation. The inclining part at top opens ; and the front 
occafionally falls down : upon this latter, I fuppofe, were placed 
the confecrated elements, while the book refted on the upper 
part. Within are drawers, and niches, for the hoft, reliques, 
&LC. See an engraving of this flirine in plate IV. 

A few years after his father's death, namely, 20 Henry VII. 
Sir Robert made, as we have feen, the defirable purchafe of the 
principal manor ; and by afterwards induftrioufly buying every 
little parcel of land that could be procured, became the pro- 
prietor of almolt the whole village. And as a fpecimen of the 
concife manner in which conveyances were then fometimes 
made, the following is fubjoined : 

This bill witneflTeth, That 1 Robert Gippes, of Cowlinge, in the county of 
Suffolk, Hufbondman, knowlege me by thele prefents to have folde unto Sir Robert 
Drury, knight, half of a meflbage, and of five acres of land and con half, and a 
rode of medow and pafture lyeing and fituate in Hawftede, to hym and to his 
heires for ever, for five pounds of lavvfuU money, the whiche five pounds I 
knowlege me to have receyved ; and the feid Sir Robert, his executors and affignes 
thereof, and of every parcel of the fame, I acquit and difcharge for ever. In 
witneile whereof to this bill I have fet my feale, the vj day of January, the vij yer 
of king Henry the VII Ith. 

Sir Robert was privy counfeilor to Henry VII. and i Henry 
VIII. procured licence to impark 2000 acres of land, and 500 
of wood, in Hawfted, Whepfted, and Horningflieath. He died, 
I fuppofe, foon after 24 Henry Vlll. for that year, he and 
Thomas Bacon, gentleman, and Roger Sturgeon, enfeoffed Sir 
Robert Norwich, chief juftice of the King's Bench, and feveral 

R 2 - others, 


other.-, in his manor, &c. of Hawfled, for the purpofe of ful- 
filling and executing his lafr will. From his fliakiilg hand, he 
was then probably old. His feal of red wax is a fmall at>tique. 
The deed is indented, without letters at the ed-jr . H=e, was 
buried in St. Mary's chvnxh at Bury, under a large altar menu- 
ment of ftone, which is beneath the laft arch of the chancel 
towards the eaft, oa the fouth fide. Weever attributes this to 
a Roger Drury, who died in 1472, and Agnes his wife, who 
died in 1445 ; of both of whom the pedigree is filent. But 
the \yomaa's head-drefs is of a later period ; and the whole is 
evidently of thje fame date as that oppofite to it, for Sir William 
Carew, w'ho died in 1501, and whofe wife in 1525; flie was 
firft coufin to Sir Robert : AH that remains of any infcriptioii 
on Sir Robert's monument, is this diftich, on the wooden, 
palifades ; 

Suche as ye be fome tyme ware wee, 

Suche as wee are, fuche fchail ye be. 

Sir William Drury, his fon, fuffered a recovery of the manors 
of Hawfted and Onehoufe, 27 Henry VIII. Four years after- 
wards he procured a grant of the contiguous manor of Whep- 
fted, with the advo\vfon, that had lately belonged to the mo- 
naftery of St. Edmund. This muft have been a capital addition 
to his pofleffions. The pedigree makes him marry a daughter 
of Henry Sothell, attorney general to Henry VII. But no fuch 
perfon appears in Sir William Dugdale's feries. Robert South- 
well miles was made Mafter of the Rolls, 33 Henry VIII. and his< 
fucceffor appointed 4 Edward VI. 

By the grants which he obtained from queen Mary he ap- 
pears to have been a favourite of that princels : his teftamentary 
difpofition of one of them is worth noticing. He had pur- 
cliafed the wardfliip and marriage of the heir of the Drurys of 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 125 

Rou^ham, who, he intended, flionld marry his daughter Eli- 
zaheth; but it" any difagreement on either fide fliould hajipen, 
he does not iniiit that the marriage ll^ould take place; but 
dire<fts, that his faid daughter fliould, in that cafe, have the 
whole advantage that might arife from the wardfliip and mar- 
riage. A fingular legacy to the young lady, \vhcm he had 
dertined for his ward's wife. The match of courfc took place, 
when the minor was thus thrown into his miftrefTes power. 

He was one of the knights of the fhire from 7 Edward VI. to 
the time of his death, which happened, as we have already feen 
by his epitaph, 1 1 Jan, 1557. His will is extant in the regiftry 
of the prerogative court of Canterbury ' ; and needs no apology 
for its infertion. It is often from thefe records alone that we 
can become acquainted with- the property, relations, modes of 
thinking, and feveral other particulars, of our anceftors. 

In the name of God. Amen. I Sir William Drurye, knight, the xxvjth dav 
of December, in the yere of our Lord God a thoufande five hundred fihie and 
feaven, make and ordeyn this my prefent teflamenc and laft will, in manner and 
fourme following ; that is to faye, Firfle, I geve and bequeath my foule to Almightie 
God, our Ladye Sainte Marye, and to all cholly ccnnpanye of Heaven; and my 
bodie to be buried within the churche of Hawfled by my firfl wif, after and ac- 
cordinge to, my degree, by the difcreiion of myn executors. And by this my 
prefcnt teftament, and lafle will, 1 revoke, and adnulie, all other willes and tcfta- 
mentis by me before this tyme made : and 1 will that no perfonne ror perfonnes 
fhall take any advantage, profit, or commoditie, by reafon of any fuche teilament, 
or will, by me at any tyme before this tyme made. And to fulfill this my prefcnt 
teftament, and laft will, and every thuige that is, or {hall be, therin conteyned-, I 
make and ordevne myn exccu'.or, Elizabeth my wif; and I ordeyn, and fpeciallye 
defire, Sir Richard Kiche knight Lor^.c Kiche, to be a fupervifor, to call upon 
myn executor for the true perfourmance, and execution, of this my prelent tefta- 
ment, and laft will ; to aide and helpe her in fuch things, as fhal be rcquifite and 
receflarie for the fame : and 1 geve unto him. for his paynes and tricnddiip therein, 
a gilte cuppe with :. blue flower in the tcpp. And I will, that my faid wif and all- 
my cliildren, and BieJget Jervis, have every of them a blacke gowne ; and every 

' The gratification of curiofity is frequently not a little expenfive. In the jrefent infianrc, the 
previous liberty of exarr ining, the fees of oliice, and a gratuity to the traiiforiber, coft one j^uinoa j 
Delides thirteen fix-penny ftamps upon the three flieets of paper. 



of my houfholde fervgunts, blacke coates. And I will and require, my faide executors 
to pay my dettis, as fone as they convenientlie may. Item, I gcve and bequeth to 
Elizabeth my wif fortie pounds worth of my plate, after the rate of vjs. the 
ounce and all oilt, and vs. filver and parcel ' gilt, if it can be convenientlie born, 
and my dettis being difcharged and trulie paid. And I geve and bequeth alio to 
my faide wif, all the refidew of my plate, to be difpofed to my children, and my 
fonne Roberte's children -, fo that my dettis may be well and trulie paide of the 
refidew of my goods and cattales, and this my prefent telkment, and laft will, alio 
performed with the fame refidew of my goods, and with the yffues and profittes, 
rentes and fervices, of fuch mannors, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, as here- 
after be willed, devifed, and afiigned, to my faid executor, for the terme of certayne 
yeers : and fuch parte of the fame plate as William Drury, my fonne Roberte's 
eldeft fonne, fhall have to be delivered him at his full age. Alfo I geve to my faid 
wif, thirtie payer of good flieets, fixe fetherbedds, and vj mattrafies, with boltkrs 
for them ; of whiche fetherbedds, two of them be in myn owne chamber; and I 
geve unto the fame Elizabeth my wif, the fparvers ^ and hangings of the fame two 
beildcs ufually occupied and hanging over and aboute the fame two beddes : and 
aUb the hanoings ' aboute myn owne chamber, and the hangings in the mayden's 
chamber, where Elizabeth Holt did lye. Alfo I geve unto my faid wyf fix pillowes 
of downe, one trufTing cofer *, and the cofer of walnott tree, and one great fhipp 
cofcr 5 ; and fix carpet cufshinnes ", the beft flie will chufe; and one culshinn of 
fiike wrought with the nedill ; three cufshinnes of fattin paned; one carpitt for a 
cupbord of thole whiche were of her owne making. And alio I will that fhe 
Ihall have all her chaines and jewelles, with all her appareiU belonging unto her. 

' Partly gilt. So Shakfpeare "has, *' a parcel-gilt goblet ;" and, " a tapfter, parcel-bawd." This 
partly-gilt plate is called in Sir Roger Driiry's will, before recited, '' gilt and white." 

* A Jharnnr Iccms to have been that frame, with its valances, at the top of the bed, to which 
the curtain rods were fattened ; including perhaps fometimes the telfor, or head-piece. A fparver 
of orein and black lay, with courteyns of the fame, h Jfcr-vrr, with courtayiaes to the fame, of 
yellow and greine, from an in-vcntory of furniture, 30 Henry VIII. See Horda Angel Cynnan, III. 
p. 66, 7. In an inventory, dated 1606, mention is made of a fpaivcr of wainlcoat. Perhaps, Eip'ver 
pur Ic corps de n're ftignV, in Royal Wills, p. 31. may mean a kind of canopy, that was raifed 
over the lepulchre of our Lord, on Good Friday, v.hen the Pix, containing the conlecrated Hoft, 
or body of our Lord, was placed on it. See Hift. Norf. V. 1. p. 517, 18. 

3 The old hangings were geneially of ajras or tapeilry, fufpended from the cornice by tenter- 
hooks, and eafdy removed. 

♦ A chell in which cloaths, bed furniture. Sec. were packed up. A //a^«^-bed was fuch as could 
be eafdy packed up, and removed. A cloth iek horle that caryeth my lord's irujjinge bed, and all 
things belongynge yt, when he rydes. Sec the Houfehold Book, p. 3^9. 

5 'a large Ibong cheft, like thofe ufed by failors on fliip-board. Cofers, or chefts, were not 
trifling legacies, being often curiouily wrought, and of colUy woods, as cyprefs, &c. 

'' Cufliions covered with carpet fluff; or do they mean fuch as were fometimes laid upon carpets, 
on the floor? for though fuch carpets were not commonl; ufed, yet perhaps they might be iome- 
times. The earl of Monmouth tells us, in his Memoirs, that upon his ariival at court, he found 
<]ueen Elizabeth////?;^ /ciu upon her cuJhioi:s, p. 136. She had cufliions laid- for her in the privy 
chamber, and there flic heard fervice. From that day fl-,e giwv vvorfe and worfc : flie remained upon 
her cfjiiioin four days and nfghts at the leaft : all about her could not pel hiade her to go to bed. p. 138. 
On her great feal, her feet reft on a culhion. In Horda Angel Cynnan, III. pi, 15. a carpet is 
i'pread on the floor before her. 


Chap III.] O F H A W S T E D. 127 

And alfo I will that my faide wif have the fecond vefliment ' with the albe ^, and 
ail that belongeth to it, for a prccil to I'woe in. And I will that my laide wif fliall 
have the reaionnable wearing and occupying of all other my beddes, fparvers, 
hanginge for beddes, curtaincs, plate, cofers, chtftes, (heetes, table cloothes, and 
naprye, and hangings for chambers, and all other hangings whatfoever they be, or 
fl:all happen to be, at the tyme of my deceafe, until luch tyme as my heire fliall 
aocomplilh his full age of xxj years ; and then to be left for the furniture of my 
houfe at Hawrted, except fuch as fhall herafter in this my prefent teliam.ent be 
Gtherwife devifed ; fo as my dettis be paid and difcharged, and other legacies in this 
my prefent teftament fulfilled. Alio 1 will that the laid heire at his full age have 
my belt veRiment, with the albe, and all that belongeth to it, and the belt aulter 
clothe, and all the refidew of the veftimentis and aulter clothes, with the fluff in 
the chapell, except fuch as I have before bequethed to my laid wif. And alfo I 
geve unto my laid heire, at his full age, all the evidences 3 of myn inheritance, 
\vhich fliall remayne, defcend, and come to him, with the boxes wherin the fame 
evidences, or any parcel of them, be. And I geve and bequech to my faid wif 
two brals potts, two fpits, a kettill, and two pofnets *: and I bequeth to my laid 
heire, at his full age, all the refidew of my brafs potts, with the refidew of my fpitts, 
with racks of yron to tourne fpitts in ; two ketcills, and a panne, with a garniflie of 
my belt vefliil ^ And I will that my faid wif (hall have one other garnilhe of 
my bed vcffiU next that ; provided always, and I will, that all fuche ftuffe of 
houfholde, plate, goods, and chattales, as I have afore geven to my faide heire, to 
be delivered to him at his faid full age. And I will, geve, beqr.f th, and affigne 
unto my faid wif, the manners of Mawfted Hall and Talmage, otherwife called 
Buckcnham's, with their appurtenances, and all other my landes, tenements, and 
hereditaments, in Hawfted, Newton, and Sidolfmere, which late were my father's 
Sir Robert Drurye, knight, or any other to his ufe ; to have and to hold the faid 
niannors, landes, tenements, and hereditaments, to my faid wif and her alTignes, 
for terme of tenne yeers next, and ymmediatelie following after my deceafe, to~ 

' The principal veftment ; which was a cope made clofe on both fides, and open only at the top 
and bottom ; fo that, when the prieft had occafion to ufe his handsj he took up the garment before.- 
It was often of very rich lluff. 

* The albe was not verj' unlike the furplice ; only the fleevesvvere clofe at the wrifts. It had on 
it alfo fonie pieces of linen, emblematical of the four nails driven into ChrilVs hands and feet. 

1 To judge from thofe that have come into my hands, few families have been more careful than 
this of the prefervation of the evidences of their eftates. 

* Little bafons or porringers. Chaffing diflies, po/neti, and fuch other filver veflHs. Lord Bacon. 
Thefe in queftion were doubtlefs of baier metal. 

s Garnifli of velFell, was a fervice of pewter, or fome other metal, probably gilt, or wafliedover; 
for vvhich reafon, in the Northumberland Houfliold Book, it is called, a gamjh of counicrfeit njijjell,. 
A garnifli of it coll xxxvs.; and two of them ferved a year. In another place, it is called, rough 
fevjicr vej/il ; and, what is ftrange in the family of fo opulent a nobleman, an hundred dozen ot it 
were hired by the year, atiiijd. a dozen. When V\ arham was enthroned archbifliop of Cantcr»- 
bury, in 7504, one of the expences of the dinner was, de conduftienc ^qq gamijlj. vaj. eted. (pewter) 
capient. pro le garnifli, xd. Lei. Coll. VI. J). 3 1 — 3. Counterfeit bajons and eivers are 
the articles forbidden to be imported, ^ Edward IV. When old Gieiuio defigned to difplay th&- 
richnefs and value of his houlhold furnitme, he did not dil'dain mentioning his pewter and brafs. 

^Taming of a Shrew, Aft li> 


wards the pavment of my dettis, and fulfilling this my prefent tedament and laft 
will. And for more furetie that my faid dettis and legacies Ihulde be well and 
trulye paide and fulfilled, with the yfl'ues, rentes, fervices, and profitts, coming 
of the faid manners, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, by the fpace of tenne 
yeers, I caufed, long before this tyme, aftates to be executed of all luche the faide 
mannors, landes, and tencdients, as wer of my late father Sir Robert Drurye, 
knight, to thufe of me for terme of my life, ahd tenne years next after my deceafe, 
without empechement of wad, as by certain deedes indented, fealed, and figned 
by me more plainlie it appearcth. I will neverthelefs that my daughter, dame 
Mirye Corbett, fhall have in ferme the fcite of the mannor of Hawfted Hall, with 
all fuch pafture grounde, and medowe grounde, as Roger Hawlled latelie had and 
occupied with the fame, paying yeerlie to my faide wif, during the faid tenne yeers, 
iiijl. And I will and geve to Dorothee Drurye my daughter, for thadvauncement 
of her marriage, two hundred pounds ', to be paid at her age of xx" yeers. And 
wheare by my dedc, fealed with my feale of armes, and figned with my hande, I 
have geven and granted to my fonne Henry Drurye, and to his heires, one annuitie 
or yeerlie rente of xx" marks yeerlie, going out of my manor of VV'hepftede, men- 
tioned in the lame graunte, 1 will that the fame be trulie paide, according to my 
faide graunte. And alfo I geve to my faide wif all my other goods and cattalles, 
whatloever they be, not in this prefent teftament and laft will otherwife geven, be- 
qaethed, or affigned, to thintent to perfourme the lame, and towards the payment 
of my faid dettis. And I geve unto Bredget Jervis, my faide wif's gentilwoman, 
vjl. xiijs. iiijd. fterling, toward thadvauncement of her marriage. And I geve 
unto my fonne Henry Drurye, one good fetherbedd, a bolder, a pillowe of downe, 
a coverlctt, a payr of blanketts, and a payr of (Leetes. Alio I geve, bequeth, 
and afilgne unto the faide Henry Drurye my fonne, and to theires males of his 
bodie lawfullie begotten, the reverfion, after the deceafe of Elizabeth my wif, of 
the uiannor of Bradfeelde, v/Ith the appurtenances, and of other landes, tenementis, 
and hereditamentis, which I latelie purchafed of lord Willoughby of Perham. And 
I will alfo, that my faide fonne Henrye fhall have yeerlie, during the lif of my faide 
wif, toward his exhibition * and living, tenne marks, parcel of the yeerlie rente of 
nyneteen pounds and odd mony, going out of the mannor of LawfhuU, whiche 
rente the queencs majelfie did by her letters patentes, amonge other things, geve 
to me and my heires. Item, i geve, bequethe, and alTigne, to my (aide wit, to the 
pcrfourmance of this my prefent teftament and lall will, tlie rcfidewe of the yeerlie 
rente of xixl. and certayne odde money, going out of the mannor of Law(l)ull, 
whiche our foveraine ladie queen Marye lately gave unto me <ind mvne hcncs, 
emongeft other things, to have and to hold the faide refidewe to my faide wif, for 
terme of xiij yeers next after my deceafe ; the remayndre therof, after the lame xiij 
yeers, to the faide Elizabeth my wife, for terme of her lif; and after her deceafe, 
and the fame xiij yeers ended, to remayne to theires males of my bodie lawtullie 

' About 60 years before, this tertator's grandfather thought a hundred marcs were a fufficient 
fortune fir a gentlewoman. And in this will, this lady's lifter has two hundred marcs alUgned her 
/or her foaune. 

* Maintenance. A word ftiU familiar in the uuiverfjti£s. 

5 begottc-T i 

Chap. III.J OF H A VV S T E D, lap 

begotten ; and for default of fuch yffiie, the remayndre thereof to my right heires 
for ever. Alfo I geve to my iaide wif all my lands, rentes, and revcrfions, called 
Ingeham's, with the Grange called Hencote, and the landrs and tenements there- 
unto belonging, for the terme of xiij yeers next after my deceafe, toward the 
payement of my dettis, and the fulfiilinj^ of this my tcftament and laft will. 
And I geve and bequeth unto every of my houftiolde fcrvants tenne fhillings. And 
I will that every of my faide fervants fliall be well and trulie paide and fatisficd of 
and for all fuche fomes of money as been due unto them for their wages, as alfo 
for their liveraies ' within one monneth next after my deceafe ; and I will alfo, that 
my houfe be kept at my coftes and charge by the fpace of one monneth after my 
deceafe ; and that my falde fervants, and other of my hculholde, fiiall, at tl.eir 
free will and pleafure, have and take their meate, drincke, and lodgeing, during 
that monneth. And wheare I have'obtayned and bought of the kin;; anti queene's 
majefties, the wardelTiip and marriage of F^obert Drurye, coufyn and heire of John 
Drurye, late of Rougham in the countie of Suffolk, efquire, deceafed, to thintent 
that marriage fhulde be had betwixt hym and Elizabeth mv daughter, my mynde, 
will, purpole and intent is, that the fame marriage fl^ulde take elFccle : never- 
thelefs, if any difagreament (hall happen to be, erher of the partie of the faide 
Robert Drurye, or on the partie of the faide Elizabeth ; I will then that the faid 
Elizabeth, my daughter, fhall have the hole profile and commoJitie, that fhall or 
may arife, and growe, by reafon of the wardefhip, and marriage cf the fame 
Robert, or of any other his heire, whiche I ought to have by my faid bargayne, 
with the king and queene's majefties, the fame^Robert deccaling within age, and 
unmarried to my faide daughter. And if it happen the faid P.obert Drurye and his 
brother to deceafe before marriage, or difagreament, fo as fhe be not advaunced by 
this gifte; thenne I will that my faid daughter Elizabeth fliall have two hundred 
marks for thadvauncement of her marriage. And I pray, will, and define my 
faide wif, according to fuch motion as I have made unto her, to affure unto Henry 
Drurye, Thomas Drurye, and Robert Drurye, fonnes r-f my faide fonne Robert 
Drurye deceafed, the manor of Hawcombye, with thappurtenances, in the countie 
of Lincoln, to have and to holde to them' in reverfion, aftfr her deceafe, and to 
theires males feverallie of their bodies lawfuUie begotten, toward thadvauncement 
and preferment of their livinge. And ailb her to fee to the bringing up of my (aide 
fonne Robert's children, as mv fpeciail and onlye rruft is in her, to uhome I have 
committed all theis things before remembred, for thofe conhderat.ions, and other 
before fpecifled. Item, 1 geve unto maifter Payne vjl. xiijs. iiijd. to Mr. Butler 
iijjl. to William Wrenne, XLS. to Anne Gokiingham iiij 1. to Alexander Mariot 
XLS. and to Water Lorde other xls. In witncfTe of all theis premifTes, theis 
perfones undernamed have fet to their hands; and the faid Sir William hath fet to 
his feale of armes % the dav and yere firll above written. William Drury, Henry 
Yelverton, Henry Payn, William' Wrenne, Alexander Marriott, 

' Lihtraticnes, or liieratw,e, ailouances of corn, &c. fo fervants, ^i//wrc(/ at certain times, and 
in certain quantities. They arc often mentioned in eld accounts. As c!eth:'s were among the aHo^^" 
ances from religions hotifes to their depend ints (iee the corrodies granted by Croyhmd Abbey, Hift. 
■ of Cro)land, Appendix, X" XXXIV.) it ip not improbable that the v.ord came m .,t:er-age_s to be 
confined to the imiTorra of the retainers, or fervants of the great, who were hence called hwry-jcyuants. 

* See the plate, N° q. „ , 

S Probatutn 


Probatum fuit fuprafc;iptum teflamentum, coram S'no apud London, 29 die 
menfis Apriiis, 1558, Juramento Edmundi Brudcneil, fratris ec procuratoris dae 
Elizabeth, reiicte difti dcfundti, et executricis, &c. 

It appears by the above will that Sir William's ekleft fon 
Robert was dead, and that his fucceffor was a minor. This 
gentleman, whofe name was William, had the honour of en- 
tertaining queen Elizabeth, at his houfe here, in her progrefs 
in 1578. She rode in the morning from Sir William Cordell's 
at Melford ; and dined with one of the Drurys at Lawfliall Hall, 
about 5 miles diliant from Hawfted. This vifit is thus recorded 
in the regifter of that parifli, under the year 1578 ; 

It is to be remembred, that the queen's highnefle, in her progreffe, riding from 
Melford to Bury, 5" Aug. Regineque 20, annoque d'ai predidto, dined at Lavvlhall 
Hall, to the great rejoicing of the faid parifli, and the country thereabouts. 

In the evening flie came to Hawfted ; her apartment there, 
ever afterwards, as ufual, retaining her name. Tradition re- 
ports that {he dropped a filver-handled fan into the moat. It was 
at this time, perhaps, that the royal gueft beftowed the honour 
of knighthood upon the mafter of the manfion. 

It w"as this Sir }FilHam Drury^ I apprehend, who rebviilt, or 
greatly repaired, Hawlied Houfe, afterwards called Hawfted 
Place ', or I'be Place. My reafons for thinking fo will appear 
from fome circumftances in the defcription which I am going to 
give of it; and in which I fliall be the more particular, as it will 
afford me an opportunity of illuftrating in fome meafure the 
tafte and mode of living at that period. 

Its fituation, as of many old feats in this neighbourhood, is 
on an eminence % gently floping towards the fouth. The whole 


' Tlace means a feat, a manfion, a refidence. See Mr. Steevens's note on 
«• As you Hkeit," A. II. S. 3. 

* The proper fituation of houfes began to be attended to in this reign. Lord 
Bacon, who pubiilhed his Eflays before the end of it^ fays, in his 45th, " he that 

«< builds 

Chap. III.] OF HAWSTED. 131 

formed a quadrangle, 202 by 211 feet within ; an area for- 
merly called the Bafe Court, afterwards the Court Tard. Three 
of the fides confilted of barns, ftables, a mill-houfe, flaughter- 
houfe, blackfmith's-fliop, and various other offices, which Tlar- 
rifon, in his Defcription of Britain, tells us, began in this reign 
to be thrown to a greater diftance from the principal houfe than 
they were in the time of Henry Vlli. The entrance was by a 
gate-boufe in the centre of the fouth-fide, over which were 
chambers for carters, &:c. This w^as afterwards laid open, and 
fenced with iron palifades. The jnanfi07i-houJe^ which was alfo 
a quadrangle, formed the fourth fide, ftanding higher than the 
other buildings, and detached from them by a wide moat, faced 
on all its banks with bricks, and furrounded by a handfome 
terrace, a confiderable part of which commanded a fine view of 
the furrounding country, and befpoke a talte fuperior to the 
artificial mount, which in many old gardens was to be clambered 
up for the fake of profpecl. The approach to the houfe w-as 
by a flight of fteps, and a ftrong brick bridge of three arches, 
through a fmall jealous wicket, formed in the great well-timbered 
gate, that rarely grated on its hinges. 

Immediately upon your peeping through the wicket, the firft 
objedl that unavoidably ftruck you, was a ^oviQ figure of Hercules % 

" builds a fair houfe upon an ill feat, committeth himfclf to prifon. Neither do 
" I reckon it an ill feat only where the air is unwholefome, but likewife where 
*' the air is unequal ; as you (hall fee many fine feats fet upon a knap of ground 
" environed with higher hills round about it, whereby the heat of the fun is pent 
*' in, and the wind gathereth as in troughs." &c. 

' Perhaps he might be defigned to reprefent a wild man, or favage, having no 
attribute of Hercules but his club, and all his limbs being covered with thiclc 
hair. He refembles much the fupportcrs of the arms of the late lord Beikley of 
Stratton, and of the prefent Sir Jolm Wodehoufe. Hombre Sahagio, jull come out 
of the woods, with an oaken plant in his hand, and forgrown with inofs and ivy, was 
one of the perfonages that addreffed queen Elizabeth at her famous entertainment 
at Kenehvorth Caftle. 

S 2 as 


as it was called, holding in one hand a club acrofs his llioulders, 
the other refting on one hip, difcharging a perennial ftream of 
water, by the urinary paffage, into a carved ftone bafon. On 
the pedeflal of the Itatue is preferved the date, 157B, which 
was the year the queen graced this houfe with her prefence ; fo 
that doubtlefs this was one of the embellifliments bellowed 
upon the place againit the royal viiit. Modern times would 
fcarcely devife fuch a piece of fculpture as an amufing fpedtacle 
for a virgin princefs. A fountain was generally (yet furely inju- 
dicioully in this climate) efteemed a proper ornament for the 
inner court of a great houfe \ This, which itill continues to 
flow, was fupplied with water by leaden pipes, at no fmall ex- 
pence, from a pond near half a mile off. 

This hmer courts as it was called, in which this ftatue Hood, 
and about which the houfe was built, was an area of 58 feet 
fquare. The walls of the houfe within it were covered with 
the pyracantha (Mejpilus Pyracantha) of venerable growth, 
which, with its evergreen leaves, enlivened with clutters of fcarlet 
berries, produced in winter a very agreeable effedl ^ 

Having crept through the v/icket before mentioned, a door 
in the gateway on the right condu6led you into a fmall apart- 
ment, called, the J?noaking room ; a name it acquired probably 
foon after it was built ; and which it retained, with good reafon, 
as long as it Hood. There is fcarcely any old houfe without a 
room of this denomination ^ In thefe, our anceftors, from 
about the middle of the reign of Elizabeth, till within almoft 
every one's memory, fpent no inconfiderable part of their vacant 

' In the inward court, fays lord Bacon, in his model of a palace, let there be a 
fountain, or fome fair worli of ftatues, in the midd. In the court at Redgrave 
Hall, in this county, ufed to be a huge figure of Cerberus. 

* This plant feems again coming into fafhion for covering the walls of hoiifes, 
particularly in the neighbourhood of London. 

^ If modern houfes have not a room of this fort, they have one (perhaps feveral) 
unknown to the ancient ones, which is, z powdering room for the hair. 


Chap, in.] OF H A W S T E D, 133 

hours, redding more at home than we do, and having fewer 
rcfoLirces of elegant amufemcnt. y\t one period at lead:, this room 
was tiiought to be the fcene of wit; for in 1688, Mr. Hervey, 
afterwards earl of Bridol, in a letter to Mr. Thomas Cullum, 
deiircs " to be remembered by the witty fmoakers at Haufled." 
Adjoining to this was a large wood clofet, and a paffage that led 
to the dinin^^ room, of moderate dimenlions, with a large buffet. 
Thefe occupied half the fouth front. At the end of the dining- 
room was originally a clovfier, or arcade, about 45 feet long, 
fronting the eaft, and looking into a flower- garden within the 
walls of the moat. The arches were afterwards clofed up and 
glazed ; and a parlour made at one end. There are few old 
mmfions without one or more of thefe flieltered walking-places ; 
and they certainly had their ufe : but this age of lift, fand- 
bags, and carpets, that dreads every breath of air, as if it were 
a peftilence, fliudders at the idea of fuch a body of the element 
being admitted into any part of a dwelling. This cloyfter was 
terminated by the fpacious and lofty kitchen, ftill {landing, and 
well fupplied with long oaken tables. 

On the left hand of the entrance, and oppofite the fmoaking 
room, was the chapel, a room of ftate, much affected by the old 
manerial lords, who feem to have difdained attending the pa- 
rochial church. The papal licence for it has been already given. 
The laft facred office performed in it was the chriilening of the 
author of this compilation. Through this was a door into the 
drawing-room, or largeft parlour, which with the chapel occu- 
pied theother half of the fouth front. Adjoining to the parlour was 
a large gloomy hall, at one end of which was a fcreen of brown 
wainfcot,^in which was a door that led to the buttery. Sec. Thefe 
formed the weft fide of the fquare. Beneath thefe apartments, 
and thofe on the fouth fide, were the cellars, well vaulted with 
brick. The north fide was occupied by the kitchen, and various 

offices I 


offices ; and at the back of it wtis a drawbridge, Thefe were 
the apart-nents on the ground-floor, which was raifed 12 feet 
above the furface of the moat. Over the gateway, chapel, and 
largeft parlour, were the royal apartments, which were ap- 
proached by a ftair-cafe out of the hall. On this ftair-cafe, 
againft the w^all, flood fome painted boards, reprefenting various 
domeftic fervants : I have one of them, a very pretty well- 
painted female, faid to be for a houfe-keeper. I know not 
w^hether this fancy be as old as the houfe ; the portrait 1 have, 
is certainly, from the drefs, not more than a century old. Several 
bed-chambers of common proportions occupied the chief part 
of the rell: of the firil ilory. Among the rooms on that floor, 
was one called xhejlill-room ; an apartment where the ladies of 
old much amufed themfelvss in diftilling w^aters and cordials, as 
well for the ufe of themfelves and of their poor neighbours, as 
for feveral purpofes of cookery '. In this room fl:ood a death's- 
head ; no improper emblem of the effeds of the ojoerations car- 
ried on within it. 

Contiguous to one of the bedchambers was a wainfcoted clofet, 
»bout 7 feet fquare; the pannels painted with various fentences, 
emblems, and mottos. It was called the painted clofet ; at firft 
probably defigned for an oratory, and, from one of the fen- 
tences, for the ufe of a lady. The drefles of the figures are 
of the age of James I. This clofet was therefore fitted up for 
the laft lady Drury, and perhaps under her diredion. The 
paintings are well executed ; and now ^ut up in a fmall apart- 
ment at Hardwick lioufe, 

' It may not be unentertaining to fee a lift of fome of the plants which were 
formerly ditlilled, taken from the Northumberland Houfehold Book. 

Rofes, buradge, femingtory (fumitory;, brakes, columbyns, okyn leefe, hart's 
tongue, draggons, parcclly, balme, walnot-iecfes, longdobcef (langue du bceuf, 
ox-congue), prymerofcs, faigc, forrel, red mync, betany, cowll^-pj; dandely'in, tennel, 
fcabias, elder-flours, marygolds, wilde tanicy, wormewoodc, woodbind, endyff", 

Chap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. 135 

As fome of thefe emblems are perhaps new, and mark the 
tafte of an age that deUghted in quaint wit, and laboured conceits 
of a thouland kinds ; I fliall fct them down, confclhng myfelf 
unable to unravel fome of them. 

The following fentences, which are intelligible enough, arc- 
in cartouche fcroUs, in narrow panels, at top ; 

Sluodfis effe velis, niblique malis. 

Summam nee metuas diem, nee optes. 

^ucs cupio, hand capio. 

Parva,fed apt a mihi : nee tamen hie requies, 

Nunquam minus j'ola, quam cum fola. 

Amplior in cxlo domus ejl. 

Frujlra niji Dominus. 

Emblems with mottos. 

1. A monkey fitting in a hoiife window, and fcattering money into the ftreet '. 

Ut parta labuntur. 

2. A camel trampling in dirty water S 

Fura juvent alios, 

3. A fire on the banks of a river. 

Dum fervi neeeffaria ^. 

4. A painter, having begun to Iketch out a female portrait. 

Die mihi, quails eris ■* ? 

5. A human tongue, with bats wings, and a fcaly contorted tail, mounting into 
the air \ 

^0 tendis? 

' This is among the emblems of Gabriel Simeon, a Florentine, (publifhed in Englidi, together 
with the " ILmUal Dei'i/es'" of Claudius Paradin, in i 591), and deligned to make us " laugh at thofe 
" nfurers, and the like, who heap up great fums of money, and leave it either to their brother or 
" nephew, or elle to dicers, whoremaficrs, gluttons, and the like, fcarcely ever remembering this 
" excellent and golden fentence, male parla male dllabunlur" 

* The camel is reported to love dirty water, and, it is faid, will not drink at a river, til! he has 
troubled it with his feet. This is among the fymbols and emblems publiflied by Camerarius in 1590, 
with this diflich ; 

Turbat aquam fitiens cum vult haurire camelus ; 
Sic pacem, ex bellis qui lucra fsda litit. 
3 Alluding to the old adage, I'iie and ixaier are good fervcinls, hit lad majiirs 

* A hint to female vanity. 

s This is among the HertUal Divjfei of Paradin j and means to flicw the foul extravagances of 
this unruly member, 

6. A 


6. A tree with fickly leaves, and a honey-comb at its roots. Near it another, 
quite leaflefs. 

' Nocet empta dolore voluptas. 

7. An eagle in the air, with an elephant in its talons. 

Non vacat exiguis. 

8. Some trees leaflefs, and torn up by the roots ; with a confufed landfcape. 
Above, the fun and a rainbow '. 

Jam fatis, 

9. An old man afleep, with affes ears, and ants that feem carrying fomething 
into his mouth. 

Etiam afino dormienti. 

10. One man (landing on the uppermoft point of the earth; and another anti- 
podal to him. 

Et hie vivitur ^. 

1 1. A man endeavouring to light a candle at a glow-worm. 

Nil tamen impertit. 

12. A globe refling on a crab- 

Sic orlis iter. 

13. A greyhound difengaged from his collar, and licking his mailer's hand. 

Non fugitiva fides. 

14. The fun quite black, and golden ftars. 

Nee euro videri. 

15. A blackamore fmoaking a pipe '. 

Intus idem. .. ■ 

16. A bird of prey, in the air, devouring a fmall bird ''. 

Fruor nee quiefco. .. 

ly. A. man ro\Ving in a boat, with a town clofe in fight. 

Et tamen averfor. 

18. A bee- hive, with bees about it. 

Cum melle aetiJeiis. 

19. A fire burfting from the top of a chimney. 

Alte, fed extra locum. 

• The moft faire and bountiful queen of France, Katherine, -iifed the fign of the rainbow for her 
armes, which is an infalhble fign of peaceable calraenes, and tranquillitie. Paradin. 

» This, 1 luppole, alludes to Sir Francis Drake's Voyage roiind the World in 1580; an atchicve- 
ment, which miift for many years have continued the iubjeft of dilcourlc and admiration. In 
modern times, fuch an expedition is looked upon as fcarcely more than a common navigation. 

3 Tlie blackamore and the pipe vvexe, in the reign of James, thought luitable companions for one 
another, i he king's dillike of tobacco is well known. 

* The meaning of this emblem is perhaps the fame with one in Camernrins, which reprefcnts a 
bird of prey in the air, with a fmall bird in his talons, and in puifuit of fonic others, with this 
motto and dillich : 

Parta tenens, non parta fequar. 
Multa licet fido faj)ieii3 in petioie condat, 
I'] lira a\ido tamen ulquc appctit ingenio. 

SO. A 

Chap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. ' 137 

20. A pilgrim traverfing the earth ; with a ftaff, and a light-coloured hat, with 
a cocklefhell on it '. 

Dum tranfis, time. 

21. A man's hand holding fomething like a rope lighted, and from which fmoke 
and fire ifllie. 

Arfit, cripuity evanuit. 

22. An afs flandingon his hind legs, his head appearing through the upper part 
of a white area. Beneath his head a horfe is feeding. Near them is a woodcock, 
with one foot on a lanthorn. 

Et occiilte, et apertc, 

23. A bear in his den. 

Obfcure, fecure. 
2^. A man taking the dlmenfions of his own forehead vviih a pair of compafTes % 

Front i nulla fides. 
25. A man in a fool's drefs, blowing with a pair of bellows a pot fufpended in 
the air, with fome fire in it ^ 

Sat injujfa calet. 

z6. A death's head, with fome plant of a dark hueifluing from one eye, and lying 
on the ground j while a fimilar plant, of a verdant colour, fprings erett from the 

Ui moreris vives. 

27. A bat flying after a large black infedt. 

Trahit fua quemque, 

28. A rofe and a poppy. 

puzzi, ponga. 

29. A mermaid, holding a mirror in one hand, and combing her hair with the 


30. A bucket defcending into a well. 

Defcendendo adimpkor, 

I With his cockle bat TinAflaff. Shakfpeare. Or, as he is defcribed in Greens Never too late, 1616. 
With Hat cfjiraw, like to a fvvain, 
Shelter for the fun and rain, 
With fcaUop-Jljeil before. 

The cockle-flitll hat was one of the effential badges of the pilgrims vocation : for the chief 
places of devotion being beyoncl fea, or on the coalls, they were accullomed to put cockle (liclls upori 
their hats, to denote the intention or performance of their devotion. Warburton. See Hamlet, 
A. IV. S. IV. 

* This, I fuppofe, is defigncd as a contradiilion to a fancy of Ariftotle's, that the fliape, and 
feveral other cir^umftances, relative to a man's forehead, are expreflive of his temper and inclination. 
Upon this luppofition, bimeon, before-mentioned, has invented an emblem, repreftnting a human 
head, and a hand ifluing out of a cloud, and pointing to it, with this motto, F'om hominem p'^firt. 

3 This may perhaps exprefs the folly of thofe who are fond of fomenting difputes and animotlties: 
as that moie elegant one of Simeon's, which repreftnts a warrior flirring a fire with his fvvord, and 
lofing one of his eves by a fpark that flies out of it, with this motto, Ignii gla.ilo non foJiaidus. 

T 31. An 


31. An eagle, going to take fomething from a fire. Her neft of young ones near. 

Pie fed tcmere. 

32. A naked blackamore pointing to a fwan with one hand, and to his own teeth, 
with the other. 

Jam fumus ergo pares. 

33. A bird ' thrufting its head into an oyiler, partly open. 

Speravi ei peril. 

34. A bird ■ feeding in a crocodile's mouth. 

Pafcor, at laud tiito. 

35. A boar trampling on rofes '. 

Odi profanum vidgus. 

36. A fliip that has anchored on a whale *, which is in motion. The crew alarmed. 

JSufq^uam tuta fides. 

37. Two rams fighting, detached from the flock» 

l>!ec habet viSloria laitdem. 

38. A hedge-hog rolled up, with apples on his prickles '. 

Mihi plaudo ipfe donii. 

39. A philofopher looking at a ftar with a quadrant. 

Defipiii fapiendo. 

' It is called the Oyflrr-catchr {Ha-matcpus cfiralegus Lin.) and is faid to do its bufinefs very 
dextroufly. The motto feems to i'uppofe otherwil'e. 

* TtlcIHu!, -a kind of wren ; which is reported to live on the fragments of meat which it picks out 
of the crocodile's mouth ; an operation with whicii the latter is lo delijjhted that he entertains the 
};reatell afteftion for this bird, and takes the iitmoft care not to hurt it. Camerarins, before-men- 
tioned, reprelenis the crocodile as an emblem of gratitude, on this account, with this motto, Gratis 
fer'vire juaindum. How the prcl'cnt motto is applicable to the fubjeft, I cannot iay. 

^ That is, an impure and voluptuous perfon trampling upon, and dcipiling elegant and virtuous 
pieaiuics. Oamerarius has this, with the following diltich ; 

Quid fubus atque rofis ? nunquam mens ebria hixu 
\'ii tutis ftudiis eilc dicata poteit, 
" ^lilton has piclented us \\ ith this image ; 

- . that fea beall, 

Leviathan, which God of all his works 
Created hugeft that fwim the ocean llrcam : 
Him, hapl>' flumb'ring on the Noru-ay foam, 
The pilot of ioii-.e fmall night foundcr'd (kift", ' 
Deeming fome ifland, eft, as fcamen tell, 
With fixed anchor in his Italy rind. 

Moors by his fide, under the lee. Par. Loft, B. IT.. 200. 

The above pallage, Mr. W'arton thinks, the poet drew from one in his favourite Aiioiio, where 
AOolpho, Dudon, and Renaldo, are faid to have feen fo large a whale, that they took it for.-n iiland. 

Notes on Spenler, vol. ]]. p. 261. 
s The emblem of a frugal careful perfon. Pliny tells us, Prstparare Hiemc eiinaccos libi Cibos ; 
et vohitatos iupra jaccntia ponia, aliixa fpinis, uiumi iion amplius tcnentes ore, ponare ea in cavas 
Mhorts. Plutarch fays, that the hedgehog, in autumn, tolls iifelf among the grapes, which it has 
Cl.n^^^ed to ptill from thevines, and which it conveys, upon its fpines, to its young ones. To this 
Lfcr account C'amerarius alludes in this diflich ; 

I'.ricium hie (]iii ecu gr;:dicntem confpicis uvam 
h'n.'ti '^s, ct opes tu tpictpic hniiue tuis. 

40. A 

Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 139 

40. A garland of leaves lying on the ground, and in flames. 

^.'d ergo fefellit ? 

41. A full bucket drawn up to the top of a well. 

Hand facile emergit. 

The bottom panels are adorned with flowers, in a good tafte. 

"Tbe zvindows, in general, were fpacious ', but high above the 
floors. In iViU earlier times, they were very narrow, as well as 
high, that they might be more difficult marks for the arrows of 
an enemy ; and that, if the arrows did enter, they might pafs 
over the heads of thofe that were litting. After this precaution 
was needlefs, the windows, though enlarged, continued to be 
made high, even till modern days. The beauty of landfcape, 
fo much ftudied now, was then but little or not at all regarded ; 
and high windows, when opened, ventilated the apartments 
better than low ones % and when fhut, the air they admitted was 
lefs felt. 

On two porches, between which ftands the figure of Hercules, 
are ftill extant in Hone the arms of Drury, confifting of 1 6 
quarterings, and thofe of Stafford of Grafton, O. chev. G. with 
a canton Ermine, and 5 other quarterings. This circumftance, 
corroborated with the general flyle of the building, and the 
date on the pedeltal of the flatue, induced me to believe, that this 
houfe was rebuilt, or thoroughly repaired, by that Sir William 
Drury, who married a lady of the name of Stafford, who fuc- 
ceeded to the eftate upon the death of his grandfather in 1557. 

Windows, large even to excefs, were become fo fafhionable in this reign, that 
lord Bacon, in his 45th Effay, complains, " you fliall have fometimes fair houfes fo 
" full of glafs, that one cannot tell where to become, to be out of the fun, or 
" cold." 

This, I am aware, is a dodlrlne that has of late been combated by fome 
French philofophers, who inform us, that, from experiments made in hcfpitals, they 
find that the unwholefome vapours, IfTuing from the invalids, do not mount 10 
the top of the apartments, but are fufpended, not much above the evaporating 

T 2 The 

,40 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. HI. 

The walls of the houfe were chiefly built of timber and 
plaftcr. "The plajler in the front was thickly ftack with fragments 
of glafs, which made a brilUant appearance when the fun ihone,. 
and even by moon-light. Much of it liill remains, and appears 
to be but little injured by two centuries; perhaps, will furvive 
the boafted ilucco of modern artiils. I wifli I could give the 
receipt for this excellent compofition : I can only fay, it contains 
plenty of hair, and was made of coarfe fand, abounding with 
ftoncs almoll as big as horfe-beans. And in Ibrae of the oM 
walls round the houfe, where the bricks have crumblied away,, 
the layers of mortar continue found, and fupport themfelves by 
their own compa6lnefs. The art was not loft even in the lall 
century ; for fome plalter on an outhoufe, which bears the date 
yf i66r, ftill remains perfedlly firm. 

This houfe was no bad fpecimcn of the flcill' of former 
artirts, in erecting what fliould laif. Part has been taken down^. 
not from decay, but becaufe it was become ufelefs. What is left 
promifes to ftand many years. The mode of its conftru(51:ion con- 
tributed to its durability ; for the tiles proje6ted confiderably over 
the firft ftory, and that over the ground floor: fo that the walls 
and fills were fcarcely ever wetted. 

In the year 1685, this houfe paid taxes for 34 fire-hearths. 

The banks of the moat were planted with yews and variegated 
liollies ; and, at a little diftance, furrounded by a terrace that 
commanded a fine woodland profped:. Here were orchanh and- 
gardens in abundance ; and a bowling-yard^ as it was called,, 
which always ufed to be efteemed a necelfary ajipendage of a 
gTcntleman'S feat '. 

' Sir Thomas Hanmcr, the fpeakcr, who died in 17^6, had a very fine one, 
contiguous to his houfe at Aiilcenhidl ; and was perhaps one of the lall gcntleaitn 
ui ary J'alliion ia the county,, that an^ufcd themlelvcs with that divtilion. 


Chap III.] O F II A W S T E D. 141 

This place was m'cU furnifhed with fi/b-ponds. There is near 
it a feries of five large ones, on the gentle declivity of a hill, 
running into one another ; the upper one being fed with a per- 
ennial fpring. There is another fimilar feries of fmall ones, 
that ferved as flews. Thefe muft have been made at a very 
heavy expence ; but they were neceflary, when fifli ' made fo 
confiderable a part of our diet, as it did before the Reformation ; 
and when bad roads made fea fidi not fo eafily procured as at 

There was alfo a rabbet-warren in the park, a fjiot that would 
have borne good wheat. But it was, like :\: pigeon-boufe, a con- 
Ifant appendant to a manerial dwelling. 8 Jac. I. a liable near 
the coney-warren was let with the dairy farm : and even in the 
next reign we hear of the warrenofs lodge. 

One principal reafon of the number of warrens formerly, 
was the great ufe our anceftors made of furr in their cloathing. 
** I judge warrens of conies," fays Harrifon, " to be almoft in- 
" numerable, and daily like to increafe, by reafon that the black 
" Ikins of thofe beafts are thought to countervayle the prifes of 
" their naked carkafes." The latter were worth 2 yd. a piece,, 
and the former 6 d. '^ 17 Henry VIII. 

I fliall clofe the account of this ancient feat by a fummary 
dcfcription of it, in a furvey of the manor taken in the year 
1 5 8 I .. 

' Sir WiHiam Dugclale has prefcrved a curious inllance of the great price, af 
leaft in the inierior parts of the kingdom, of what is now efleemed a very ordinary 
fifli. 7 Henry V. a brcme was rated at xxd. and 32 Henry Vi. a pye of four of 
them, in the expences of two men employed for three days in taking rhem, in baking 
them in flour, in fpices, and conveying it from Sutton in Warwickfliire, to the earl 
f)f Warwick, at Mydlam in the north country, coft xvj s. ijd. Hift. Warwick,, 
p. 668. 

'■ See " Forme of Cury," pp.. 16^1, 8.. 

> V>'illielmu& 

142 II r S T O R T AND A N T I Q^U IT I E S [Chap. III. 

Willielmus Drury miles, dominus hujus manerii, habet in manibus fuis fcitum 
^n.inerii de Buckenhams, in quo inhabitar, quam opcime conftruftuni, cum uno 
curcilagio, gardino, uno le mote circumjacente, uno le traves ' ante portatn mef- 
fuagii prcditli, et unam magnam curiam undique bene edificatam, cum ftabulis, 
orreis, pillrino, le dayery hovvi'e, ec aliis edificiis neceffariis ec aptis pro manu:en- 
cione capitaiis meflliagii predidi, et uno orco five pomario, ex parte oriental! mef- 
Tuagii ec magns curie predide. 

Sir William Drury was eledted one of the knights of the 
fliire in 1585; and in 1589 killed in a duel in F" ranee. His 
^arpfe was brought into England, and interred in the chancel 
here, where a fine marble butt of him in armour ftill remains. 

The ^commiffion for the inquifition after his death is dated 
18 Feb. 22 Elizabeth, and diretfhed to William Waldgrave, John 
Higham, Nicholas Bacon, and WiUiam Spring, knights ; to 
enqviire into the annual value of Sir William's lands, at the time 
of his death, particularly of the manors of Bokenham, Tal- 
mage, and Hawfted ; and a tenement in Reed, called Pickard ; 
alfo what houfehold fluff, and napery, and other linen. 

The depofitions were taken at Bury, 24th September following, 
from which I have feledted a few particulars. 

Roger Reve of Bury, gent, holds, by leafe, the profits of the 
fayres and markets in Bury, at 36 1. a year's rent, 40 s. de- 
duflions. 140 pounds of hops were worth 4I. which is about 
yd. a pound. Wheat 8s. a comb; barley 6s. 8d. rye 5s. 

The new park is \inletten, worth about 20 marks yearlie, 
befides profits of deer and conies. Another perfon valued the 
park very differently, unleis he included the profits of the live 
flock in it : he faid, the new park is not very much charged with 
deer and conies; and worth yerelie 50I. 

' Traves, the diifiionaries fay, are a kind of fliackles for a horfe, that is taught 
to amble or pace. Does tlie word here mean the place where horfes werefo trained? 
In a leafe dated 1593 (which will be hereafter mentioned) iflofe, or walk, called 
the Horfeivalk, appears to have been near the houfe. 

\ The 

% m 

Chap. IlIO OF HAWSTED. 143 

The demefnes and profits of the manors of Hawfted, and for 
copiehold and freehold thereof, amount yeerUe to 127I. befides 
the rent corn. 

hi his time, two Uttle eftates had acquired the names of manors \ 
for, in a furvey of the manor taken in 1 58 1, we met with mane- 
rium de Cobdozves^ and manerium de Felets; but no manerial rights 
or privileges appear to havei)een annexed to them. The truth is; 
where a perfon of fome confequence refided or remained (ma- 
nebat), his houfe and demefnes frequently acquired the title of a 

At the fame time many of the houfes were fiiid to be well 
built, and covered with tiles, as the parfonage, the hall, the long 
houfe near the church, 8ic. and furniflied with orchards and 
gardens planted with various kinds of fruit-trees, befides bopyards^ 
that will be mentioned hereafter, fo that tlie village feems to have 
been in a profperous ftate at that period. 

Several lanes, as they are now called, flill retained the names 
of Jlreets ; as Pinford Strete\ Smyth Strete that led from the Green 
towards Bury; Caldwell Strete (or Frames Lane), that led from 
Hawfted Green to Menoll Green ; this laft taking its name from 
the fpring, or well, mentioned at p. 5. Street often fignified for- 
merly a made road or way, Jlratum, as Icknild Street, Watling 
Street, &c. 

Sir William was fucceeded by his eldeft fon Robert Dri/ry; who, 
even before he was out of mourning for his father,^ attended the 
earl of Effex to the unfuccefsful fiege of Rohan, in 1591, where 
he was knghted % when he could not exceed the age of 14 years. 

' He was knighted, fays his epitaph (fee p. ■^^.) net at home, but at the ficge 
of Rohan — a circumftance that was mentioned, as adding a iufire to his title, lie 
was not " dubb'd with unhack'd rappicr, and on carpe't-confideration," but in tl.e 
field of battle; an honour, of which military people were not a little proud; and 
who contemptuoufly called thofe ccrpet knights, who received that dignity at home 
in the iofr fiiken days of peace, fcec Johnfon's and Stcevens's notes on I'wciitii 
Night, Ad. III. S. IV. 



As fooii as he came of age, he connedled himfelf with one 
of the heft famiUes in the county, by marrying Anne, the 
elcleft daughter of Sir Nicholas Bacon, of Redgrave, the firft 
baronet of England. In 1603, he was eledled one of the 
knights of the fliire; an honour which he enjoyed as long as 
he lived. He patronized the learned and witty Dr. Donne, to 
whom and his family he affigned apartments in his large houfe 
in Drury Lane. In Dec. 16 10, he had the misfortune to lofe 
his only fvirviving child, which feems to have produced a great 
change in his deiigns, and plan of life ; for not long afterwards, 
lie let his dairy and park here for three years : and in that leafe, 
which will be mentioned hereafter, are fome inftances of his 
tafte for horticulture, and the embellifliment of his feat. On 
the 1 8th of March following, he founded that ample charity of 
52I. a year, already mentioned. With the fame fpirit of li- 
berality, he beftowed, the September following, a munificent 
reward upon 'a faithful fervant ; it may be a curiofity to fee the 
form and manner in which he did it. 

This indenture, made 3 Sept. 1611, between Sir Robert Drury and Gabriel 
Catchpole, of Hawfted, yeoman, witneficth, that the faid right worfhipful Sir 
Robert Drury, for and in confideration of the good and faithful fervice of the faid 
Gabriel already done and performed, and hereafter to he done and performed, unto 
the faid Sir Robert Drury, while ftrength, and habilite of the bodie, of the faid 
Gabriel will permit, hath demifed, granted, and to farm letten, unto the faid 
Gabriel, and his affigns, all that meffuage, lately built upon a parcel of ground, 
fome time a wood, known by the name of Bryei's Wood, in Hawlled, with all 
the buildings, orchards, gardens, lands, meadows, &c. now ufed with the fame ; 
alfo a clofe of land, called Sparrow's Tuft, containing 20 acres, for 40 years, if 
the faid Gabriel fhould live fo long ; he the faid Gabriel paying yearly to the faid 
Sir R.obert, his heirs and affigns, for the fame, one pepper corn at Michaelmas. 
Provided always, that it may be lawful for the faid Sir Robert, during any part of 
the above term, to revoke and make void the grant. The faid Gabriel agreeing to 
^repair the houfe and buildings belonging to the demifed premilcs. 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 145 

About the faPxie time, when Sir Robert fold the leafe of the 
almoner's barns, tithes, fairs, and markets, of Bury ; he gave 
that town lool. to remain as a ftock for ever, to purchafe fireing 
for the poor there. 

hi 161 2, he made a journey to Paris, and perfuaded Dr. Donne 
to attend him ; it was there the Do6lorfaw the remarkable vifion 
of his wife, who was at that time brought to bed of a dead . 
child in England '. 

Sir Robert feems now to have quitted his feat at Hawfted ; and 
to have refided at Hardwick Houfe^ not far diftant. For in the 
year 161 3, he procured a licence from the archbifliop of Can- 
terbury for having divine fervice performed in his houfe there, 
for himfelfj wife, and fervants, as \Yt\\ as for the widows of his 
newly founded almflioufe. This licence is figned, Tho. Ridley; 
and the feal of red wax appendant to it, is engraven in the plate, 
N° 2. 

Dr. Walton is miftaken, in making Sir Rol e t accompany 
lord Carlifle in his embafly to Paris, for that was in 1616 ; and 
Sir Robert died the latter end of May, 1615. He was buried 
on the north fide of the chancel here ; M'here his widov/ ereiSled 
a beautiful monument to the memory of his father and him, 
employing that excellent artift Nicholas Stone, who had given fo 
fine a proof of his ability, in the tomb of her father and mother 
in Redgrave church. 

Thus did the name of Drury become extind in this village, 
having flouriflied in it jufl: 150 years. 

Sir Robert had two daughters : the elder, Dorothy, died at the 
age of 4 years ; the younger, Elizabeth, to increafe the grief 
of her parents, reached almoft 15. Of this young lady's 
monument, with her epitaph, fome account has been already 
given, p. 53. Tradition reports, that (lie died of a box on the 
ear, wliich her father gave her. This conceit rofe probably 

' Biog. Brit. 

U from 


from her being reprefcnted both on her monnmenf, and in her 
pi(fture, as recUning her head on one hand ; jull as the ftory of 
lord RiifTel's daughter dying of a prick of her finger took its 
origin from her ilatue in Wellminfter Abbey, which reprefents her 
as holding dov/n her finger, and pointing to a death's head at her 
feet. Another tradition relating to her is, that flie was deftined 
for the wife of prince Henry, eldefi: fon of James I. She was 
certainly a great heirefs ; and their ages were not unfuitable : 
but whether there be more truth in this, than in the other, I 
pretend not to fay; though this came from refpecfable authority. 
What is certain is, that'flie is immortalifed by the Mufe of I>r. 
Donne, v,ho had determined to celebrate her anniverfary in an 
elegy as long as he lived ; 

Accept this tiibute, and his firft year's rent, 
Who, till this dark fliort t^jper's end be fpent, 
As oi"t as thy feafl: fees this widow'd earth. 
Will yearly celebrate thy fecond birth, 
That is, thy death. 

However, we have nothing beyond the fecond anniverfary : 
the truth feems to be, that panegyric had been fo profufely 
lavilhed in two efiTays, that it was quite exhaufted. Some of 
the lines have been noticed in the Spectator, N° 41, where they 
are by miftake faid to be a defcription of Dr. Donne's miftrefs, 
inftead of the departed daughter of his friend. They are in- 
fcribed on her portrait in my pofieflion ; and, I fiiould fuppofe, 
from the appearance of the paint, were put there foon after 
they were written. They are now inferted at the bottom of the 
engraving. This portrait is as large as life, well painted ; and 
the only one of the family left at Hazv/led Place. The great 
expectations of the perfon it reprefents, the praifes beftowed 
upon her by one of the greatelt wits of the age, and the fingu- 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 14^^ 

larity of the attitude, feem to make it worthy of being preferved 
by the graver. The original is much more highly finiflied than 
could be reprefented upon the fcale of the prefent plate. 

Lady Drury refided, during her widowhood, at Hardwick 
Houfe ; and in 161 6, procured a renewal of the licence for a 
chapel there. The place chofen for that purpofe, by this lady 
of fortune and rank, was an abfolute cellar; and puts one in 
mind of thofe caverns, in which the primitive Chriftians are 
faid to have fometimes performed their religious fervices, for 
the fake of privacy. She died at Hardwick Houfe, 5 June, 1624, 
and was buried in Hawfted chancel the next evening ' ; the 
regifter alone recording her death, though flie had left a void 
fpace after her hufband's epitaph, for the infertion of her own % 

Sir Robert's heirs were his three fillers, i. Frances % mar- 
ried firft to Sir Nicholas Clifford ; afterwards to Sir William Wray, 
of Gientworth, in Lincolnfliire, Bart, from whom are defcended 
the prefent Sir Cecil Wray, Bart, and lord Bolfon. 2. Diana, 
fecond wife to Sir Edward Cecil, third fon of the firft carl of 
Exeter. 3. Elizabeth, fecond wife of William, fecond earl of 
Exeter, by whom flie had thre.e daughters, from whom the noble 
families of SvifFolk, Stamford, Sec. are defcended. Upon the 
partition of Sir Robert's eftates, that at Hawfted, and its environs, 
was fettled on the lady Wray ; the widow of whofe only fur- 
viving fon Sir Chriflopher, the honourable dame Albinia Wray, 
with three of her fons, fold the eftate flie polfefTed here, 15 
Odtober, *' in the year of our Lord Chrift (according to the 

' This would be reckoned very quick difpatch, even for a perfon of the humbled 
condition-, but there is a fimilar inftance of a lady Drury, who was aUb a widow, in 
1375. See extrads from the parilh regifter under that year, p. 69. 

^ See p. 56. 

^ This lady refided in Lincolnfhire; how long (he lived, I cannot exadly fay. Sh? 
executed a leafe of lands here in 1635, and was dead before 1647, when her ciiarity, 
ftill enjoyed by the poor of this village, took place. 

U 2 *' accompt 

148 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. III. 

" accompt ufed in England), 1656," to Thomas Cullum, efq^ 
fjr 17,697 1. when the intereft of the Drurys ceafed here, after 
a continuance of 190 years. 

In the church cheft are preferved fome papers, which may 
help us to form an idea of fome of the numberlefs oppreffions, 
under which the nation in general, and this village in particular, 
laboured, during the civil wars, and confequent ufurpation, of 
the laft century. I fliall tranfcribe fome of them. 

1. The 9 day of Jenevary, 1642, receaved of the conftables of Hawfted, the 
fom of twcntey on pound, leveii fliillinges, foucr penfe, which fayd fom was im« 
poled upon the fayd toune, towardes the laOe motive of the gret liibfide, granted 
by the temporail, in the feventten yere of his majefty's rayne. I faye receaved the 
day and yeie above written, the fom of 2 i 1. lis. 4d. for the ufe of king and par- 
lemente, p me, John Daynes. 

2. June 6, 1642, receaved of the church wardens and overfeers of Hawfted, 
there contribution for there poor diftreffed brethren in Ireland, the fum of i61. 16s. 
which I am to pay to the high flierife. I fay, receaved p me, Jo. Sparrowe. 

3. In April, 1643, the weekly alleflrnent ' upon lands and goods amounted to 
2I. 14s. 8d. How long this weekly afleflrnent continued does not appear j but at 
leaft to September. 

4. Whereas by a late ordinance of parliament, intimating the approaching of the 
enimy towards the confines of thefe aflbciated counties % five hundred horfe, with 
the trayned troopes, are to be raifed in the faid counties, which are to marche to 
Cambredge for the fafetie of the afTociation : whearof 350 horfes are charged upon 
this county, for the compleating the faid farvice-, the proportion of our hundred of 
Thingo being 11 and upwards, every horfe to be worth lol. at leafl, furnifhed with 
afufficient grate faddle, piftols and fwords, of five pounds of monneys; to provide 
the fame to bee payd to the treafurer appointed by the deputy leafetennants ; for 
the repayment wheareof, every parifh and partie fiiall have the publique faith. And 
alfoe, that every towne and parilh doe fend thare horfes, and fit riders, armed as 
aforefaid, with one mounth's pay, being 3I. 10s. which is alfo to be paid to the 
faid treafurer, at Bury St. Edmond's in the faid county, the 22d day of thisinftant 
Auguft. The faid monies are to be raifed according to the iifeall rates. Thefe sre 
therefore, by virtue of the faid ordinance and warrant from the deputy leafetennants,. 
to require you to find one horfe and rider compleat as abovefaid, with the mounih's 
pay, and bringe him before the deputy leafetennants, the day abovefaid. And you 

• Thefe affcfrmerts were ordered to be made by both hoiifet of parliament, j8 February, 1643, 
for the repayment of 6o,oool. with intereft, which the citizens of London had advanced for the 
fupply of the army. 

' Effex, Cambi'idgefliire, Ifle of Ely, Hert ford fli ire, Suffolk, Norfolk, and city of Norwich, 
aflbciJitcd in 1642. Of thefe the earl of Manchefter was general. 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 14^ 

are hereby authorized to diftrainc fuch as (hall refufe to pay the faid rates, and to 
make fale of the goods fo diftrained, according to the ordinance of parlianrient. 
Hereof fail not. Dated at Reede, Auguft 12, 1643. Jo. Sparrowe. 

To the conftables You are to receive of the conftables 

of Halted. of Nowton towards the charge, 5I. 

25 Auguft, 1643. 

5. Receaved of the towne of Halfled, a bl. Horfe"! ^^ 
for the ufe of the kinge and parliment, prifed J 

^ Thomas Chaplin. 
Samuel IVIoody. 

6. April 25, 1644. Receaved the day and year above written, by me, whofe 
name is fubfcribed (being treafurer for raifmg money towards payment of the 
hundred thoufand pounds agreed to be forthwith advanced, for our brethren in Scot- 
land, towards payment of their army, raifed for our affiftance), the fum of 45 
fhillings, of Mr. Sparrow, high conftable of Thingo hundred, in the county of 
Suffolk, which is to be paid to the faid Mr. Sparrow or his afiigns, with intereft,. 
after the rate of eight pounds per cent, for the fpeedy payment whereof the publicke 
faith of both nations is engaged. I fay, received of ieveral perfons in Harfted, in 
the faid hundred. John Clarke. 

7. Oftober 2, K544. Receaved the day and year above written, by me Sir 
Thomas Middieton, knight, of divers perfons of the town of Hawited, the fum of 
four pounds of lawful money of England, being fo much voluntarily lent by them^ 
towards r/ifing of forces to be employed under my command, for the reducing of 
North Wales to their due obedience to the parliament ; and to be repayed to the 
faid townfmen, their executors, or adminiftrators, with iniereft for the fame, after 
the rate of 81. per cent, per ann. by fuch ways and means as are exprefled in an 
ordinance of the lords and commons in parliament, publilhed in print, 21 February 
laft, enabling me the faid Sir Thomas Middehon to take fubfcriptions for the 
fervice aforefaid. Thomas Middelton. 

Receaved by me, John Sparrowe. 

8. About the fame time was " a rate made according as the two /.. s^ dj~ 
" former great fubfidies were gathered," which amounted to — 1126 

9. Colleifled in the parifh of Haufted, Odlober 13, 1644, for Sir 

William Brueton ' . 311' 4; 

10. Conftables accounts. 

1655. Paid to Goodman Hay ward,, for carrying xxi Indes of faltpettefi 

to Bury — I 14 o 

Paid to Martin Nunn, for carrying of a lode of tubs for the faltpetter 

men — — •_ — 034 

1656. Laid out for the towne for a fword and hanger ~. — 086. 

Brereton. He was general of Chcfiiire. 


■tso HISTORY AND AN T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. III. 

Laid out for 2 headpeces, and lor fcoring (fcouring) and lining and /. s. d. 

fringe — — — — — — 056 

r,aid out for Bandelleors ' — — — — 020 

Laid out for a lock for the towne mnfket — — — 046 

Laid out to Hetiry Perkin and Fiancis Hikkr for trayning, and a quarter 

of pov.'dcie — 024 

Laid out to Mr. Gilly for a coftk't - and a hcadpecc 1 10 o 

Laid out to Thomas Porker i'or going to Mildenhall, and for a quarter 

of powder — 014 

Laid out for fcoring the coftlet, and lining it, and lefTning it, and 

mending the prick — 076 

i6^'6. Laid out for carrying i7/Z)a to Sudbury — ■ 100 

During the above period, the conftable was ahnoft continually 
•employed in relieving and conveying foldiers and others, many of 
them faid to have pafles from the Protector himfelf. Inccffant 
hues and cries were the confequence of the country being thus 
infefled with vagabonds. 

The affair of faltpetre, that occurs above, requires fome ex- 
planation ; and I am enabled to give a fatistadtory one, frcm 
bifliop Watfon's Chemical Eliays -\ " Before inch large quan- 
*' titles of faltpetre were imported from the Eaft Indies, the 
*' manufadiuiing of it in England was much attended to; 
" though it appears from a proclamation of Charles 1. in the 
*' year 1627, that the faltpetre makers were never able to fur- 
" nifli the realm with one-third of the faltpetre requifite, 
** efpecially in time of war. This proclamation was ilTued in 
** 1627, in confequence of a patent granted in 1625, to Sir John 
*' Brooke and Thomas Ruflcl, for making faltpetre by a new 
-" invention. In this new invention, great ufe was made of all 
'*' forts of urine ; for the proclamation orders all perfons to fave 

' Bandokers, for mufkettiers ; which are little charges of powder like boxes ; fo called be- 
•caufe they arc hanged and fattened to a broad band of leather, which the man puts rbout his neck. 
Rlinfliew. Sometimes, the baud or b-lt itfislf, with its charges, was fo called. See a print of one 
of thefe accoutrements, in Horda Angel C)nnan, vol. III. plate ii. fig. iv. 

* Corflet. Armour for the breaft and back. 

3 Vol. I. p. 286. 

<■<' the 

Cliap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. 151 

" the uriae of their families, and as much as they could of their 

" cattle, to be fetched away by the patentees, or their aliigns, 

'* once in twenty-four hours in tlie fummer, and in forty-eight 

" hours in the winter leafon. This royal proclamation was no 

" fmail inconvenience to the fubjedi: ; but it was not lb great a 

<' one as that by which the faltpetre makers were permitted to 

** dig up the^oorj- of all dove-boufes, Jlab/es, &c. the proprietors 

*' being at the fame time prohibited from the laying of fucli 

<' floors with any thing but mellow earth. To this grievance all 

*' perfons had been fubjetSled by a proclamation in 1625, which 

" was revived in its chief extent in 1634; the new invention 

" not having anfwered the purpole for which the patent has 

" been granted ; and it was not till the year 1656, that an adl 

*' of parliament pafTed, forbidding the laltpetre makers to dig 

" in houfes or lands, without leave of the owners." Water 

having been poured upon earths, in which faltpetre is generated, 

to diirolve all the falts contained in them, is afterwards palTed 

through wood apes^ in order to fupply the unformed parts of the 

faltpetre with a proper alkaline bafis '. 

From the above quotation we may conjedure, that the 21 

lodes of faltpetter carried to Bury, were loads of earth from dove- 

houfes, il:ables, &c. ; and that the tubs for the faltpetter men,, 

were full of urine, or fome other material of the fame kind,. 

In 1668, occur thefe articles ; 

s. d. 
Yor cixtfing faltpetter Uqucr — — 18 4 

Foccarrying of the tubs — — — — — — 30 

. Tkeie lail charges fliew, that though Cromw^ell relaxed the 
molt vexatious part of the faltpetre grievance; the nation flill 
continued to be in fome degree burthened with it, even after the 

•■ p. 200. 


154 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U ITI E S [Chap. lU, 


This faaiily was featcd at Thorndon, in this county, at leaft 
as early as the j 5th century : for in 1483, John Cullum of that 
place, by his will, directed his body to be buried in the church* 
yard there ; appointed a fecular prieft to pray and ling a year for 
his Ibul, and to be paid by his fon Thomas ; and bequeathed 
leveral legacies to religious ules. For paying his debts, and 
fulfilling his will, he ordered his lands in Wetheringfet to be 
fold. He mentions John and Sybly Cullum, who, I prefume, 
were his children. This will was proved 8 June, 1483; and 
is extant in the archdeacon of Sudbury's office at Bury. 

The above Thomas Cullum occurs, in 1494, as a feoffee in a 
deed, which relates to the village of Thorndon, as I was in- 
formed by the late Mr. Ives. 

There feems therefore but little occafion to derive this family, 
as the heralds have done, from the Culms of Devonfliire, and 
to feat it in this county, only four generations before Sir Thomas 
Cullum, who died in 1664; when the name occurs here, ac- 
cording to its prefent orthography, full 300 years ago. 

The firft of the family, connedted with Hawfled, was T'hotnas 
Cullum, who, being a younger fon, was put to bufinefs in London; 
and became a very fuccefsful draper in Gracechurch Street. He 
married a daughter of Mr. Nicholas Crifpe, who died in the 
prime of life, leaving him the father of a numerous ofF-fpring. 
I find the following epitaph for her, in her hufband's hand. 
The monument was probably confuraed by the dreadful fire in 

Hear under refteth the body of the truly vertuous gentlewoman Mrs. Marie 
Cullum, daughter to Mr. Nicholas Crifpe, marchant, wife to Thomas Cullum, draper, 


Chap. III.] O F II A W S T E D. 133 

of this pariQi. She departed this life the 22d of July, 1637, in the 36th year of 
hir age, having had iffue 5 fons, and 6 daughters. 

Hir corpes interr'd lies hear. To reigne eternallie 

Which liv'd with a free fpiric, Among the julT:. 

Who by God's mercie, To live and die well. 

And hir Saviour's meritt, Was hir whole ir.deavor ; 

Departed in afflired hope And in afllirance died 

And certain truft, To live for ever. 

If that all women wer but near fo good as (hee, 
Then all men furely might in wives right hippie bee. 
Would any know, how virtus rare in hir did cake; 
I fay no more ; (he was a crisfe, born of a pake. 

The boaft at the end of the lail line, that his wife*3 mother 
was a Pake, was better founded than fuch kind of boafts often 
are. She was Rebecca, the daughter of Mr. John Pake, of 
Broomfield, in Eflex. I have fome of her letters, after fhe was 
married, that mark a very good head and heart ; and the follow- 
ing, when flie was lingle, is worth preferving : 

" Deare Mother, , 

My humble dutye remembred unto my father & you, &c. I received. upon 
Weddenfday laft a letter from my father & you, whereby I underftand, it is your 
pleafures, that I flioulde certifie you, what times I do take for my luce, and the reft 
of my exercifes. I doe for the moll: part playe of my lute after fupper, for then 
commonlie my lady hearech me ; 8c in the morninges, after I am reddie, I play an 
hower ; 8c my wrightinge & fiferinge, after 1 have done my lute. For my drawinge, 
I take an hower in the afternowrie ; & my French at night before fupper. My lady 
hath not bene well thcfe tooe or three dayes : fhe telleth me, when (he is well, that 
fhe will fee if Hiiliard v.ill come and teche mc ; if flie can by any means, (lie will. 
Good mother, I doe knowe, that my learninge hath bene a greate charge both to 
my father 8c you, and a great paine to myfelfe. If I flioulde through a little floch 
forget that which I have bedowed all my time to learne, and a greate dele of paines 
before I came to- it, I were greatlye to be blamed for it. But I hope I fhall have fo 
good a care to kepe it, andfo great a deficr to increafe it, that it fhall be pleafinge 
to my father 8c you, and every one clfe. As touchinge my nevve corfe in fervice, I 
hope I (hall performe my dutye to my lady with all care and regard to pleafe her, 
and to behave myfelfe to everyc one clfe as it fiiall become me. Mr. Harrifone 
was with me upon Fridaye ; he heard me playe, and brought me a dudon of trebles ; 
I had fome of him when I cume to London* Thus defuing pardqne for my rude 

X writiiige. 


writingf, I leave you to the Almightie, defiringe him to increafe in you all health 
& happines. 

Fridayc night. Your obedient daughter, 

1595. Rebecca Pake." 

This letter ', written in a very beautiful hand, and diredled 
*' to my good mother Mrs. Pake, at Broumfield, deliver this," 
fliews how much attention was paid both to the ufeful and orna- 
mental accomplilhments of this young woman. It was an age, 
when female education was much attended to. The queen her- 
felf was extremely accomplifhed '. The nobility, and perfons 
of fortune, retained in their fervice many young people of both 
fexes, of good families, and beftowed upon them the fafhionable 
education of the time : their houfes were the heft, if not the 

' It was faftened in the old, and very efFedtual manner, with wax and ravelled 
filk ; the latter, when the letter was to be opened, was cut with a knife or pair of 
fciflars, while the former remained unbroken. To this cuftom of fecuring letters, 
Shakfpeare alludes in his " Lover's Complaint;" 

— — Letters fadl^' penn'd in blood. 

With Jleidcd filk feat and affedredly 

Enfzvath''d end feaT d to curious fecrecy. 

It was one of thefe letters, that Charles V. when crippled with the gout, found 
fuch difficulty in opening. Charles s'efforfoit d'ouvrir la lettre de Henri ; mais. 
comme elle etoit enlacee avcc dejils defoie, fcs doigts, couverts de nodus, et prefque 
perclus, ne pouvoient les rompre. Ililloire de France par M. Gamier, as quoted 
in " I'Efprit des Journau.x," for April, 1782. 

This fafhion continued till at leafl; late in the laft century. For I have feen a letter 
from Chrillina, the abdicated queen of Sweden, to our Charles 11. dated at Rome, 
in 1678, that was thus fecured. 

^ Of this the duchefs dowager of Portland is in polleflion of a very curious proof. 
It is a very fmail book, containing fix prayers, all of confiderable length ; the firft 
and laft are in Englifli, the ftcord is in French, the third in Italian, tiiC fourth in 
Latin, and the fifth in Greek. It is difficult to fay, whether the piety or the good 
fenfe they contain be predominart. They exhibit a fpecimen of exqulfite pen- 
manfliip, which there is the bell leafon to believe was executed with her majefly's 
own hand ■, nor can there be much doubt of their being her own compofition; for, 
cxclufive of tradition, they have this internal evidence, there is fuch a profound 
humility and fclf-abafcment pervading the whole, as fcarcely any of her fnbjeds 
would have ventured to put into her mouth, even in the form of a prayer. 


Chap. III.] O F il A \V S TED. ij5 

only feminaries of elegant learning. Such was the fltuation of 
the perfon who wrote the above letter ; flie was probably very 
young at that time ; and was in the fervice of fome lady of 
fafliion, who admitted her as her companion in her vacant 
hours ; allowed her to improve herfelf in what flie had learnt ; 
and was defirous of having her inftru6led by Mr. Hilliard, one 
of the beft miniature painters of the age. 

Mr. CuUum was one of the flierifFs of London in 1646 ; and 
in Auguft 1647 was, with the lord mayor and feveral others, 
committed to the Tower for high treafon, that is, for having 
been concerned in fome commotions in the city, in favour 
of the king. He was never mayor; the ruling powers, I fuppofe, 
not thinking proper he fliould be trufted with that office, hi 
1656, as has been before faid, he made his purchafe in this 
place, to which he retired from the hurry of buhnefs and public 
life, being then near 70 years old. Immediately upon his pur- 
chafe, he fettled his eftate on his only furviving fons Thorn r.s 
and John, referving to himfelf only a life intereft in it. Ver^- 
foon after the Reftoration, he was created a baronet, his patent 
bearing date 18 June, 1660. This mark of royal favour, and 
his having been committed to the Tower for favouring the king's 
party, in i 647, might, one would have thought, have fecured 
him from every apprehenfion of danger ; but whether it were 
that he had temporized a little during fome period of the 
Ufurpation, or that money was to be fqueezed from the opulent 
by every poflible contrivance, he had a pardon under the great 
feal, dated 17 July, 1661, for all treafcns and rebellions, with 
all their concomitant enormities, committed by him before the 
29th of the preceding December. Some crimes were excepted 
from the general pardon, as burglaries, perjuries, forgeries, and 
feveral others; amongft which, fliall w^e laugh or weep at finding 

X 2 witch- 

j,r,6 HISTORY AND A N T I a.U I T I E S [Chap. Ilf. 

witchcraft? He died 6 April, 1664, and was buried in the 
chancel here. 

of his uleful charities fomc account has been already given. 
A ftreet in London ilill bears his name, and where he had con- 
fiderable property, of which he jull efcaped feeing the deftruction, 
by the fatal fire. 

I have two portraits of him. In one, he is in his alderman's 
gown, which is fcariet, trimmed with fables; a large ruff, and 
clofe black cap, edged with white. In the other, he is in his 
flieriff's gown, which is black, the arms adorned with black and 
gold loops and buttons, juft like the drefs of the fellow-com- 
moners at Cambridge ; a broad falling band, a fafiiion peculiar 
to the time of the Ufurpation ; gold-fringed gloves ; and the 
black cap as before. This was painted by Sir Peter Lely ; and 
is fcarcely inferior to the pencil of Vandyck. The impreflion of 
his gold ring feal is given in the plate, N° 10. within is en- 
graven the name of his friend, Ralph Ingram, with his own : 
this, I believe, was not an imcommon cuftom. 

He was fucceeded by his eldeft fon Thomas Cullum, who, about 
the year 1657, married Dudley ', the fecond daughter of Sir 
Henry North of Mildenhall, in this county, Bart. In 1680, he 
and Mr. Rotherham v.'ere eledfed members of parliament for the 
burrough of Bury St, Edmund's by a majority of the Freemen : 
but the alderman returned Sir Thomas Hervey and Thomas 
Jermyn, efquire, who had been elected by a majority of the 
corporation. And the former petitioned the houfe in vain againfl 
the return; as, in 1 7 i 3, Jermyn Davers and Gilbert Affleck, efqrs. 
did, in fimilar circumftanees, againfl: the honourable Carr Ilervey 
and Aubrey Porter. 

' Pereorine, lier fifier, was the mother of Sir Thomas Hanmer, the Speaker. 
Several of her letters are in my pofleffion, and befpealc her a woman of a very cul- 
tivated underftanding. From her the prefent Sir Charles Bunbury inherits a good 
eftatc in ibis county. See p. 70. 

2 Of 




Chap. III.] O F H A Vv S T E D. 157 

Of the Chriftinas hofpitality cxercifed by Sir Thomas, I have 
feveral inftances in the lills of the guefts invited to the Place at 
that feftive feafon. The company was divided into two parties; 
one invited a day or two after Chriftmas Day ; the other on 
New Year's Day : a third party, who, I fuppofe, ftayed at home, 
had each of them a peck of wheat, and a ftone of beef. The 
whole number of all forts was about 60 : the women came with 
their hufbands ; but no children are mentioned. 

Sir Thomas and his lady were more united in their deaths than 
in their lives ; flie dying in September, and he in Oflober, 1680, 
They were both buried here. 

Their portraits were painted by Sir Peter Lely, and in his 
beft manner. His picfture is remarkable for being almoft entirslv 
brow^n ; his complexion, flowing peruke, drapery, and the ground, 
being Httle elfe than different fliades of that colour : yet the 
whole produces a very good effect. She has a mod pleafmg 
countenance ; her hair flowing in loofe ringlets on lier forehead 
and IhoulderSj with a very large Angle pendant in her ear. Her 
drapery is a fky blue. Both thefe portraits, as -well as that be- 
fore-mentioned, are in perfe6l prefervation and freflinefs. 

Some accounts of the overfeers of the poor about this period 
are preferved in the church cheft, and v/ill appear fcarcely credible 
to the prefent age. 

From a6 May 1670, to 25 May 167 1, they exj^ended on the 
relief of the poor 3I. i8s. They gathered two rates, which 
amounted to 3I. 2 s. 8d. 

From 25 May 1671, to 11 May 1672, 4I. 7s. The word- 
collection was then ufed, as it ftill continues to be, for money 
raifed by rate, and bellowed on the poor. The old Vvay of re- 
lieving the poor was by colletling o\: gathering money for them 
from the inhabitants, who gave as they were able, or inclined ; 
a cuftom that flill prevails in fome parts of Wales, where the 



clergyman, oa a Sunday, announces from his deflv, the name 
and circumdances of the perfon who wants rehef, and a co/- 
leBion is made in the congregation. This mode has its ad- 

From ID May 1672, to 8 May 1674, (two years) 13I. 19s. 3d. 
This account was attelled by the reftor, as well as the overfeers. 
The next year, 15I. 3s. 8d.; the next, 81. 2s. 2d.; the next, 
13I. 4 s. 9d.; this account w^as delivered to the Juftices ; the 
next, 14I. OS. 2d. ; the next, only 4I. i6s.; the next, ending 
28 April 1680, Tol. 15s. 8d. 

The ertate and title devolved on Dudley Cullum^ the eldefl fon, 
who had been educated at Bury School, under that excellent 
grammarian Mr. Leedes. In 1675, he went to St. John's College, 
Cambridge, where the young men at that time, however frugal 
they might be in other refpedts, drefled as Beaux ; for, in his 
tutor's bill for 1675, 7 s. were charged for mending his fword ; 
and the year following, 3 s. for the fame purpofe. Yet this laft 
year did his mother tell him by letter, that llie could not agree 
that he fliould have a hanging for his chamber, without his 
father's confent, as it would be a confiderable charge, and as all 
fellow-commoners had not their chambers hanged.^ Here, among 
other accomplifliments, he amufed himfelf with engraving, as 
appears by his college bills, and the following letter to him, which 
preferves the name of an artift, of whom I find no other men- 
tion, and who at leaft promifed well : 

" Sir, 

It was my mifhap to be out of the way, when the bearer of your note came ; and 
having perufed it, I Ihall defire to offer the beft of my fervices to you, and fl-iall 
not doubt of performing my part, fo as to give you a further fatisfadion, than 
can probably be expected, in a few days, if you can fpare but two or three 
hours in a day. If 1 fliould begin to-morrow morning, by Saturday night, I 


Chap. III.] O F • II A W S T E D. 159 

queftion not, but you will be able to grave any thing better than you can draw or 
write. This from him who dcfires to be tound, 

Your painful fervant 

Odober the pth, 1676. to command, to my power,. 

Euv/ARD Smith. 

■ " Sir, 

I have always one half down, and the other when performed. The enclofed is 
graved upon copper and filyer, by a boy that is but 14 years old, and but 3 or 4 
days practice, Mr. Urlin's fon the goldfmith. He never handled a graver before I 
begun with him. I took it off from his graving with blacking." 

Towards the end of the next year, he feems to have medi- 
tated a journey to the Continent, a defign which, I beheve, was 
never executed. About the fame time, he recovered from the. 
fmall-pox ; a circumitance, certainly not worth mentioning, 
except as affording an inltance of the great dread which our 
anceflors had of that diforder; the recovery from which, though 
now, among perfons of the better fort, an almoft difregarded^ 
event, formed then a kind of era in a man's hfe. This is fo 
ftrongly exprelfed in the following letter to him on this occafion, 
and which does alfo fo much credit to the matter and the fcholar, 
that I am tempted to tranfcribe it : 

« Sir, 

I doe not doubt but you have a great many friends that rejoice with you at your 
recovery from the fmall-pox ; and the requeft of this paper is, that I may be thought- 
one of the number; not onely becaufe I efteeme you, as 1 have rcaibn, my very 
good friend, but alfo for the good fignes you already give of being an honeff and 
fober gentleman, fuch as may both fupport the honour of your faiaily, and promote, 
alfo the good of your country; and therefore no man that loves either could have 
been vvillmg to have loft you. You are now paft, Sir, one of the moft dangerous- 
and mifchievous dilealcs that reigne in humane bodyes, and that ufually fet upon' 
men, when they are furtheft removed from their friends -, and have fiopt the 
ret'irne of many a young gentleman beyond the leas, when his hopes and fayles have 
been fpread homeward. And though the defign you went out withail- bei. 
as I heare, layd afuie, yet whenfoevcr you fhall refume the defire of feeing fofeigns 
countryes, you may now pafie the feas with a great deale more fecurity to ycurfclfe, 


i6o HISTORY AND A N T I Q^ U I T I E S [Chap. HI. 

and fatisfadlion ro your friends. But before that, I lieare there are fome hopes of 
feeing you again in the country, when I hope you will favour with your company, 

S I R, 
Bury, December 20, Your mofl: affedtionate fervant, 

1677. Edw. Leedes." 

On the 8th of September, 1681, he married Anne, daughter 
of John lord Berkley of Stratton, at Berkley, now Devonfhire, 
Houfe. A few years afterwards, 1684, he had a difpute with 
his mother-in-law, Chriilian lady Berkley, about fomething 
more than I cool, which he claimed in right of his wife. This 
difpute is only noticed, for the manner in which the affair was 
partly compromifed : the parties agreed, that the money fhould 
be put into an iron cheft, or ftrong box, and there locked up ; 
and the faid cheft or box lodged in the chamber of Martin Folkes, 
efquire, in Graye's Inn, and the key delivered to Sir Dudley 
Cullum : the faid money there to remain, until it fliould be 
determined by the judgement of the high court of chancery, or 
of fome of his majefty's courts of Weftminfter, to whom the 
faid money of right belonged. 

For feveral years he relided chiefly at his feat here, being re-, 
markably fond of his garden, into which he introduced moft of 
the curious exotics that were then known in England. He 
fpeaks in particular, in 1694, of his orange trees, which were 
then much lefs common here than they are at prefent, as thriv- 
ing in the moft luxuriant manner. His green-houfe was 58 
feet long, 14 wide, and 10 high. He correfponded with the 
philofophic gardener and planter Mr. Evelyn, who diredled his 
botanical purfuits, and whofe ftove for the prcfervation of 
green-houfe plants he adopted. Of the fuccefs of this new 
invention he gave Mr. Evelyn an account in a letter, printed in 
the Philofopliical Tranfadions ', and at the end of Mr. Evelyn's 

' Vol. XVIII. N" 2 12. 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E D. t6i 

works. The excellency of it confiilcd in admitting frefli air 
into the green-honi'e in winter, and in managing that air in 
I'uch a manner as to keep up the fire to any degree of heat-: 
a contrivance, fays Sir Dudley, *' which has certainly more per- 
*' fe<ftion than ever yet art was before matter of;" and which 
had highly obliged him, and " all the loveis of this hortulane 
*' curiofity and recreation." 

To one end of the green-honfe adjoined a building which was 
called the Banqueting Houfe^ the foundation of which wag. wafhed 
on two iides by the moat. The ground room (under which was 
a cellar), I remember, was a favourite ftation of the angler : over 
that was the feftive apartment, about 14 feet fquare, with almoll 
as much glafs as a lanthorn, and commanding a mod. cheerful 
•prorpeift. This, as well as the green-houle, were built, I ap- 
prehend, foon after the year 1680. 

The amufements of the country he ill -exchanged for the 
e^penfive buftle of public life ; landing, in 1702, with Samuel 
•Barnardifton, efq; a contefted eleilion for the county, againft the 
earl of Dyfart, and Sir Robert Davers, baronet. Lord Dyfart 
and he were returned; lord Dyfart having above 2200 votes; 
Sir Dudley Gullum above 2100; Sir Pvobert Davers above 2000; 
and Mr. Barnardifton about 1800 '. 

He had juft before lolt his only brother Thomas Ctdlum^ who 
-died a batchelor, and for whom he had a great affection. He 
had been educated with his brother at Bury School ; and in June, 
1679, was admitted a fellow-commoner of Chrift's College, 
Cambridge. H£ appears to have been a gentleman of lively 
.parts, and the moft amiable manners. -1 have feveral letters to 

' It may be a matter of curioftty to mention, that there are two other polls for 
rthe county printed; one in 17 10, when Sir Thomas Hanmer had 3433 votes; 
5ir-Robert Davers 32;?3 •, and Sir Philip Parker, 2034. 1 he other iii 1727, when 
Sir Jermyn Davers had 3077 ; Sir William Barker 23^63 ; and John Holt eiq. 2365. 

y him 


him from his accomphfhed aunt, Peregrine Hanmer, Mr. Hervey, 
uftenvards the liril earl of Bnrtol, and feveral others, full of 
the fprightliefl fallies of wit, and of the moil affedtionate ex- 
preflions of friendship. He was a great i^roficient in mufic j 
and a molf paihonate admirer of the fair fex, upon one of 
whom, a near relation of his friend Mr, Hervey's, he wrote 
volumes of profe and verfe, which are perhaps fome of the. 
lateft inftances of thofe enthnfiaflic love rhapfodies which our 
. anceftors fo much admired. He w^as fometimes, however., a man 
of bufmefs ; for, 15 Charles II. when the laity granted the king 
fubfidies for carrying on the war againft the Dutch, he was one. 
of the Commiffioners for the hundred of. Thingo. 

Sir Dudley, in about a year after the death of his lady in 1709, 
married Mrs. Anne Wicks ; but died, without iffue by either, in i 
1720; leaving his eflate x.o Jafper Culki7ny to whom the title,., 
upon the extincflion of the elder branch, defcended. 1 have a. 
good miniature in oil of Sir Dudley, paft his prime, in a large 
wig, and long cravat. 

The poors rates ftill continued extremely moderate : the village, 
indeed was not fo populous as it is- at prefent ; and the manerial 
houfe probably afforded fome relief to the neceflifous. But the 
lownefs of the rates muft not be attributed to thefe caufes only: 
the Paupertatis pudor et fuga certainly operated at that time more, 
forcibly upon the lower people, than at prefent. Scarcely any 
relief was afforded, except in ficknefs. 

In 1 68 1, the money expended for the poor amounted to 
13I. 8 s. 6d. fome of the articles are: 

s. d. 
Layd out for woolen and bread for Edward Goodwin's burial — — 7 6 
For a cheefe for the funeral — — < — . — .13 

For beer at the funeral — — — — — 26 

. So that there was an humble banquet, even at the interment 
of this poor man, who was buried at the expcnceof. the parifli. 


Chap. III.] OF H A W S T E a i6^ 

In 1682, only 3I. 9s.; the next year, il. 17s. 11 d.; the 
next, il. 17s. 3d. Some years are here wanting. In 1688, 
7I. 7s. 6d; the next, 61. 8s.; the next, 7I. 17^. 6d.; the 
•next, lol. 8 s. 4d. The accounts are nowvery careleflly kept. 

s. d. 

25 Sept. i6"5, laid out for Goody Nunn to tlie mountibanke for her eyes 25 o 

1 1 Sept. 1697, laid out for i dozen cf .patches for the poor — 36 

Sept. 17.00, carried the widow Snich one y>^'-^ of thorns —~ 12 o 

Difburfed from 7 Dec, 1706, to 21 April, 170.7 — — £•'^3 4 7 

Sir ya/per Cullmn was fon of John Cullum, of London, efq. 
the fecond fon of the firft baronet, by Anne daughter of 'I'homas 
Lawrence of Woodborough, Wilts. I have portraits of them 
both, well painted, in the reign of William. He is fitting in ati 
elbow chair, in a loofe gown, large wig, and a band like thofe 
worn by the clergy at prefent; fo that that part of drefs was even 
then continued by fome old-fafliioned people ; and was net, as it is 
now, peculiar to a profeffion. She is alfo fitting;; her head 
built up with one of thofe narrow lofty caps, peculiar to the latter 
end of the laft century, and as prepofterous as any of the modern 
ones, with infinitely lefs elegance ; over this is a black tranfparent 
hood, tied under the chin, the ends of which, with thofe of -the 
cap, hang down before, almoft to the waift. Her countenance 
is as freQi as if juft painted. Sir Jafper was high flierifF of the 
•Gounty in 172a, -when Arundel Coke, efq. was executed for 
maiming and disfiguring Mr. Crifpe of Bury. The unhappy 
<:onvi6t, to avoid the crowd that was likely to attend fuch a 
fpedacle, defired, if the fli^riff thought there were no hopes of 
pardon, to fuffer early in the morning. His requeft was com- 
plied with. And it fliould feem as if a refcue was apprehended; 
for, among the expences, there is the charge of two guineas for 
an exraordinary guard to attend the execution. Sir Jafper died 
an an advanced age in J754; and was fucceeded by his only fon, 

Y a John 


"^ohn Cullum^ who received fome part of his education from 
Dr. Defaguliers. t^e was afterwards of the Inner Temple, being 
defigned for the pra6lice of the law. He died in 1774, i^^' ^^'^ 
75th year, whicli, it is ibraething remarkable, was an earlier 
period than that reached by his three immediate anceftors. Of 
his marriages, iffue, and chara^ler (as fome others before-men- 
tioned), fomething may be feen in the pedigree, and in his 

I have a moft ftriking likeneis of him, painted at the latter end 
of life, and in his ufvial fimphcity of drefs, by Mr. Dance: befide^ 
one of his fecond wife, by the excelling pencil of Angelica 
KaufFman, whofe good lafte chofe to reprefent her in the drefs 
fhe ufually wore, as more becoming a perfon advanced in life, 
than any fancied drapery or ornaments. The fame incomparable 
artift executed alfo the portrait of the compiler of this hiflory, 
in his clerical habit, and with a book in his hand. 

Sir 'John Cullwn \v^s fucceeded by his eldeft fon of the fam-e 
names, who is now recSlor and patron of tlie church, as well as 
lord of the manor. 

The other principal proprietors are, Sir Thomas Rookwood 
Gage, baronet,, whofe niaternal anceftors, the Rook woods, had 
lands here, at lead as early as. the reign of Henry V. Jofliua 
Grigby, and Chrillopher Metcalfe, efqrs. The latter, re ikies here 
in a good manfion, which. he almoft rebuilt in 1783, of white 
brickj a moft elegant and durable manufailur^, for fome years 
carried on at Woolpit, about ten miles off. He has called his feat 
Hawjled Farm-, formerly The Walnut, I'ree. 

It now remains^to fa^y fomething of the prefent ftate of this 
place : but the article of agriculture will include the chief that 
can be advanced on that fubje6l. I fliall therefore now throw 
together a fe,w mifcellancous particulars. 

Chap, in.] OF H A W S T E. D. 165 

Of the population, and the poor. 

I have already taken notice ot the populoufnels of this place, 
14 Edward I. near 500 years ago; when, to judge from the 
number of melTuages, it was probably not much inferior to that 
at preient. At that period, almoft all the land was tinder tillage. 
By de2,rees,v as will be hereafter fliewn, pafture-grovinds, and 
thofe ill-cultivated, increafed very con liderably ; this caufe, with 
frequent wars> and two parks formed in the beginning of the 
1 6th century, certainly contributed to depopulation. 

I have no further lights to conduit me ia this refearch till 
the year 1 55 8,. w^hen the paiifli regitter begins. From this I 
have eXtracSled the following five feries of twenty years each, , 
with the refpeitive number of the baptifms and burials in each; 




IS59 — 1578 



1620 — 1642 ' 

I 24 

104 - 

1688 — 1707 


119 = 

1730 — 1749 


11 1 

1762 — 178 I 



If thefe' records have been accurately kept (and 1 fee no reafon 
to fuppofe the contrary), the above ftatement will prove, that the 
ntumber of the inhabitants of this village has been doubled in 
200 years. However, I lay^ no ftrefs upon the two firft feries', , 
producing them only as matter of curiofity ; but upon the third i 
and laft, which are of the greatefl confequence, I can fafely rely. . 
From the characfler of the recStor, during the firft of thofe 
periods, and from his minuting down feveral little matters in • 
the regifter, there can be no doubt of his.exaitnefs. For the 
laft I can anfwcr myfelf. By comparing thefe two together, it. 

* Three years, in this feries are wanting i(i the regifler. 



appears that the baptilms in the laffc are to thofe in the firft, 
uearly as five to three. With this proportion agrees the number 
of communicants, or of thofe above i 6 years of age, at different 
periods. It is noted in the regifler, that in the year 1706^ 
there were 174; in 1723, 175; and in 1783, when I laft 
numbered the inhabitants, there were 261 above that age. 

In the courfe of i 3 years 1 have taken three numerations. 
In 1770, there were 346; in 1777, 386; in 1783, 415; ^o 
t'nat in that period the inhabitants have increafed 69, or one 
fifth of the firft number ; an increafe as v/onderful as it is 

The medium of the above three numerations is 382. The 
number of deaths for tlie laft 14 years, from 1770 to [783, is 
119, which, upon an average, is ratlier more than 8 in a year; fo 
that about i in 47 dies annually, which is about a mean pro- 
portion in country villages. Of the 119, 33 have died under 
2 years of age; 13 above 70; 7 above 80; and 2 above 90. 
During the above period, 188 have been born ; 89 males, and 
99 females. 

The num.ber of hotrfes in 1783 was 52, which is, as near as 
can be, 8 to a houfe ' ; however, 1 2 of thefe are what are called 
double tenements, that is, divided into two parts for two families ; 
and 3, treble tenements; adding therefore 18 to 52, we may 
call tlie whole number of houfes 70 ; and then each, upon an 

And this is nearly the proportion in the contiguous parifh of Horninglheath ; 
and I believe in many others in the neighboi-irhood. As a magiftrate, I have fre- 
quent opportunities of knowing how the cottages of the poor fwarni with inha- 
bitants ; and with what difficulty the overleers provide dwellings for thofe that 
belong to their parifli. Nay, fometimcs they aie obliged, for want of room, 
to grant them certificates, empowering them to live dfewhere- So that allowing, 
that fome cottages have been pulled down of late years, it was not, that they were 
uninhabited, but unprofitable eftafes -, and thofe that remain arc crammed with in- 
mates to a degree, of which clofet calculators hav^ never dreamed. 

5 average. 

Chap. III.] O F H A \Y S T E D. 167 

average, will contain a family of 6 perfons, which is a good 

Of the above 52 honfes, with their divifions and fubdiviiions, 
only 35 were, in 1783, inferted in the duplicate of the parochial 
furveyoFS of the window-lights. Upon the fight of v/hich, and 
allowing 6 perfons to a houfe, a ftranger would conclude, that 
this village did not contain many more than 200 inhabitants; 
fo little depen<lance is there upon thefe documents. 

Inflating the increafe of population in this place, I have no 
particular hypothefis to ferve. I merely fet down fads. Let 
abler political arithmeticians apply them in their full extent. 
Yet, from the above furvey, I confefs, I do not find 'myfelf funk 
into fuch defpondency, as ta think that the nation is decreafed a 
million and a half of Inhabitants within a century,, and is now 
reduced to four millions and a half. 

And here I cannot help expreffing fome furprife, though the 
population of the kingdom in general is of the greateft con- 
fequence to the Hate, and has exercifed the pens of able cal- 
culators, who have differed from one another in a manner almoft 
incredible,. yet that government fhould ftill continue inadlive in 
the difpute, which it might clofe with fo much eafe. If, for 
inftance, in the year 1780, When the billiops received the king's 
commands to procure from the clergy a lift of the Papifts in their 
refpedlive pariflies, they had been alfo commanded to require 
the number of the inhabitants; thefe returns would have been 
as fatisfadory as the former, and fettled a point of the firft im- 
portance in a fliorttime, and with little difficulty. If there be 
good reafon to fuppofe, that the more chearful and fanguine cal- 
culators are alfb the moil: accurate ; why not afcertain a fa6t, that, 
muft make every friend to this country rejoice, and every enemy 
tremble ? but if the more gloomy and defponding ones be right ; 


,(?8 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. IIT. 

Avliy not make us acquainted with our confumptive condition, 
that we may try every remedy for our rehef ? 

As to the increafed population of this village, it is hot diffi- 
cult to account for it. It has taken place entirely among the 
labouring people ; and that is owing to the farmers employing 
ih many more hands than they formerly did: for a farmer that 
ulbd to manage his farm with, the help of a man and a boy, will 
now employ on the fame farm double that number, or more : 
not that he difJains to labour with his own hands ; but that he 
bellows upon his lands a cultivation double of what he formerly 
did. Now, the more fervants he keeps, the more will gain fettle- 
ments, marry, and contribute to ftock the place with inhabitants. 
It is therefore an improved agriculture which has increafed the 
population here,; and muft i^roduce the fame efFecfl wherever it 
is practifed. 

As the increafe of population has taken place among the 
labourers, we partly fee the reafon of the increale of the poors 
rates, which have of late rifen to a very ferious height, though 
the Gnildball has been for fome years converted into a work-houfe, 
\vher<; the poor are fupported in a cheaper, as well as a much 
more comfortable manner, than they ufcd to be in their own 
wretched and filthy cottages. For fome years after 1724, the 
rates continua:! under lol. a year; and never exceeded 30 1. till 
.1735 5 from which period, by fluctuating advances, they reached 
50I. for the hrit time in 1758; in 1767, they exceeded lool.; 
in 1774, they role to above i 50I. from which time to the prefent 
they have, upon an average, ftood at about that height. 

In what degree this increafe of the poors rates ought to be 
attributed to the increafe of the poor, is a nice matter to deter- 
mine. Thofe who have not perhaps bellowed vipon this point 
all the confideration it deferves, and who feel the weight of this 
heavy tax, fay, that there is a relaxation of induftry among the 


Chap. III.] OF 11 A W S T E D. 169. 

lower people, who are improvident for the future, depending 
upon parochial fupport, to which they have recourfe frequently 
upon inadequate occafions ; and that this is the fole caufe of the 
increafed rates. There is doubtlefs fome truth in this ; and it is 
further certain, that there is one fpur to induftry lefs than for- 
merly, which is, that fcruple and delicacy which the poor ufed 
to have in applying for relief: they now often demand affiftance 
with a confidence unknown in former times, which the old poor 
do not aifume, and of which they are alhamcd in the younger 
ones. This behaviour is a feature in the charader of the prefent 
age, which feems to aim at abolilliing all fubordination and de- 
l)eiidance ', and redui^ing all ranks as near to a level as poflible. 
But fuch conduct cannot fail of being extremely mortifying and 
iriitating to thole who are fupporting them by whom they are 
infulted, and who frequently work harder themfelves than the 
very perfons they relieve. But, after making every proper al- 
lowance of this fort, I cannot but be of opinion, that the 
increafed number of the poor is a circumllance by no means to 
be omitted by thofe who are contemplating the increale of the 
rates that are to fupport them. If more than one hundred per- 
fons have, as I am confident is the cafe, been added to the poor 
of this village within the laft thirty, perhaps twenty, years ; 
the common accidents and calamities attending fuch an increafe 
muft neceflTarily, without any other caufe, have brought upon 
the parilli a very great additional charge. 

' Of this there was a very ftriking proof, while rhefe (heets were in the prefs. 
Till now, there ufed to be a clofe connexion between the landlord and the tenant ; 
the latt-er looking up to the former as his patron, and defirous of fhewing him every 
mark of attachment and refpeft -, but in the contefled eledtion for the county, in 
April 1784, when feveral gentlemen canvafied their tenants, they found they had 
already engaged their firft votes, and wrre even denied their fecond. How far this 
revolution of manners may be produftive cf n.nion;il benefit, may, I think, juftly 
admit of a doubt. 

Z But 


But if an improved agriculture has, in fome meafure, con- 
tributed to produce this evil ; has it not alfo, it may be afked, 
brought with it, in fomc meafure,' an ability to fupport it? 

1 could not help throwing out thefe few loofe hints on a fub- 
je£l {o interefting to humanity ; and which is certainly of fuch 
magnitude as to claim the ferious attention of the legiflature. 

The common employment of the poor women and children 
within doors, is fpinning yarn ; by which the moft induftrious 
perfon has not of late years been able to earn 6d. a day. 

Some words and expressions used in this place, 

AND the neighbourhood. 

■ Jfeard; afraid. Saxon. 

I a'nt avifedof it. I am ignorant of it; cannot recol!e<fl it. S'avrfcr; French. 

A Balk. A (lip of grafs, left by the plough, as a divifion, or boundary. 

A Bargain. A parcel ; an indefinite quantity. As, I have a good bargain of 
corn this year; a good bargain oi iambs. 

Battlings. The croppings of trees, larger than faggot flicks, yet lefs than timber. 

Bcgcne. Worn, decayed. As the thatch is lamentably begone. So Shakfpeare, 
Woe begone. 

What a blaring you keep ! fays a mocher to her crying child. Applied alfo to the 
noife of cows and flieep. 

A Bumbay. A quagailre, from ftagnating water,, dung, See. fuch as is often feen 
in farm-yards. 

The Buck of a cart or waggon. The body. 

A Bunny. A fwelling from a blow. 

To call a ftone, &c. to throw. 

Chovee. A fmall beetle, of a bright chefnut colour, and with a green gilded head 
and corfelet. 

Cohered. Unfound ; applied to timber. 

To crack or crake of. To boaft of. 

Ethiops of their fweet complexion crack. Shakefpear. Love's Labour Loft. 

Two good haymakers 

Worth twenty crakers. Tufler. 

A Baufey-hcaded fellow. Giddy, thoughtlefs. 

Deathfmear. An undefcribed diforder that carries off infants. 

I am quite dilver'd, fays a nurfe worn out with watching and attendance. In 
Germany the nurfes throw dill-water on the beds of fick perfons, for whom they 
want to procure reil. 

To ding. The fame as czil. 

1 A Dcoke 

Chap. III.] O F H A W S T E D. 171 

A Booh or Doke. A fmall hollow in a level board : fd an imperfeftion in a 
fchool-boy's marble is called a doke. 

I have fuch a pain in my head and ears that I am almoft dunt ; numb, ftupified. 
Spoken alfo of a (heep, that goes moping from a diforder in the head. How you 
dnnt me ! fays a mother, to her noify child. 

We are in Eknion to have a bad harveft this year. 

Things are in EkSfion to be very dear. Likely. 

The bees are elvifi to-day ; irritable, fpiteful. 

To fay or fey a pond or ditch. To clean, by' throwing the mud out of it. 
Such muddy deep ditches, and pits in the field. 
That all a dry fummer no water will yield -, 
By feyingf and calling that mud upon heaps, 
Commodities many the hufbandman reaps. Tuflfer. 

Flags. The furface of heaths or commons, pared off, to lay garden vfalks, &c. 
with. So flags of ftone for paving foot-paths. 

Fog. Coarfe grafs in meadows, which the cattle do not willingly eat, before it 
be frod-bitten. 

I'ond. Faint or fulfome ; applied to fmell or tade. 

Every Foot anon. Every now and then. 

Frawn. Frozen. 

Such a field lies Gain for me ; conveniently. I bought fuch a thing pretiy gain -y 
at a reafona^le price. 

Sand-Galls ; fpots of fand in a field where water oozes, or, as we fay, fpews up : 
and lands where fuch fpots are frequent, are called galty lands. 

Geer is a word of univerfal application ; as doctor's geer, means apothecary's 

Glum. Gloomy, fulky -, fpoken of a perfon. 

Gofe. A ftack or mow of corn. Tuffer, among the articles of hufbandry fur- 
niture, mentions a gofe ladder. He ufes alfo gove and govin^ ; 
In goving at HarveR, learn (kilfully how 
Each grain for to lay by itfelf on the mow; 
Seed barley the purefl gove out of the way. 
All other nigh hand gove jufl as ye may. 

He's all a Gore cf blood. Blood runs plentifully from his wound. 

A Gotch. A jug, or big-bellied mug. 

A Grey parfon. A layman, who hires the tithes of the parfon. 

A Grip. A fiiallow drain to carry water off the roads, ploughed fields, 8cc, 

A Hake. A pot-iron. 

Hinder he goes. Yonder. 

Hockey. The merry-making of the reapers after harveft. 

Hull. The hufk of a nut; and fliell of a pea. 

Hulver. The Saxon word for Holly, commonly ufed. 

A Jag. A parcel, or load of any thing, whether on a man's bark, or in a carri^^e '. 

An Inder ^India), a great quantity. I have laid an indcr of loads of gravel in 
my yard. He is worth an indcr of money. 

' See p. i6j. 

Zz A Job. 


A 7^51^. A piece work undertaken bj' a labourer, at a certain price, and which 
he finifhes at his own time. He is then laid to work by the Job. 

A Jounce. A jouh, a fhock, or fliaking bout; To, z jouncing trot; hard, rough, 
f^nr fhake"! the bone?. Shaklpeare lias jauncc and Jauncing, in the fame fenfe. See 
Malone's Supplement, V.I. p. 26'). Mow many words in Shakfpeare might be 
explained in the's kitchen ! 

Lanih Storms. So tlx fl:epherds call the ftorms that happen about the time that 
lambs fall. 

/f^/ weather ; dull, wet, nad)-. 

A Lift. A gate uitliout hinges. The two ends of it reft in mortiles in the two 
ports, out of which it is occafionally lifted, as in harvelt time, &c. 

He's a Limb fvr inllchitf ; much addided to it. A Limb for apple pye; a de- 
vourer of it. 

A Linh. Some woods in this neighbourhood are fo called ; as the Link, at Rufli- 
,brcok; Drir.kflon Link. 

A Loop of pale?, is as much as fills up the fpace between two pofls.- 

Matiiker. Girl. A word long peculiar to this county. 
No fooner a fowing, but our, by and by, 
With mother or boy, that alarum can cry. TufTen 

A Mort of people, &c. a great number. 

A Mortal, or mortation, quantity of any thing ; very great. 

Mummy, corrupted from mamma. 

'Nation. The lame as mortal, and mortation. 

To Owe, is ufed in the fenfe of, to own, poffefs. So Shakfpeare : 

W'hat art thou, that keepft me out from the hoiifc I owef Com. of Errors. A. III. S.F. 

I am not worthy of the wealth I oive. All's Well that Ends Well. A. I. S. V. 

Pack-rag Day. Michaelmas Day, when fervants remove with their bundles. 

Paved. Spoken of dirty clay roads, that arc become dry and paflable. 

Tlamhers. The floor of a room, from the French. Drayton ufes the word : and 
Shakfpeare has p'anched gate, that is, made of boards. 

A fore Plot. Spot or place. 

Priming a tree, is pruning it. 

Pulling-umc. 1 he evening at fairs ; when the young fellows pull and haul the 
girls, to get them into alehoufes. 

Purely well; in good health. 

I'm almoft quackled; choaked, fuffocated, as with fmoak, or any ftrong vapour. 

Od rabbet it. An oath; not of the angrielt. 

Raffle, or raffling pole ; ufed to ftir the fcwel in an oven. 

Rafty morning. Cold and damj). 

Ranney. Shrew moufe. Mus araneus. 

He fpends every thing he can rap and rend ; lay his hands on. 

You (han't run your rig upon ?ne ; affront by a continuance of rude and infulting 

Ro-juens. The crop of grafs after mowing. 


€haf. III.] OF H A W S T E D. 173; 

He begins to fag. To decline in his health. 

Sales. Times or feafons. You don't mind being out all fala of the night. 
Rayfiile and Bar/ale, is haymaking and barking- time. 

A Say; a tafle, chiefly a relithing one : as cattle, that have broken into a piece 
of corn, and can fcarcely afterwards be kept out of it, are faid to have gotten a 
fay of it. Shakfpeare ufes this word in the fenfe of a fample, tafle; in King Lear, 
A. V. S. III. 

— — Thy tongue fome fay of breeding breathes. 

See Mr. Sceevens's note there. 

Sear wood; dry, dead. Saxon. This word often occurs in Shakfpeare. The woodr^ 
ftealers always tell you they never take any h\.\\.fear wood. 

Sbim. Scima, Saxon. Splendor. The white mark in a horfe's forehead. 

Sibberige. Banns of matrimony. 

Silt. Sand and dime left on meadows by a flood. 

Shruff. Light rubbifli wood, which hedgers, &c. claim as their perquifite. 

Skep. A wicker bafket, wider at top than at bottom, with two handles at top».. 
So alfo a fkep of bees. 

Slappy bread ; not baked enough. 

Slop. The underwood in a wood, 

' Shid, Sludge. Mud, mire. 

Snajh. Snuff of a candle. 

A Sort. A great many ; as, a fort of people ; Shakfpeare, Spenfer, &g= . 

Spalt. B.nttle. Applied to timber. 

Spit-deep. The depth of a fpade. So fpitteJ, for dug.. 

Spoiig. A narrow flip of land. 

I was never {ojlam'd in my life ; amazed, confounded. Spoken by a fellow who 
thought he had feen a perfon walking, who had been buried. 

A Stank. A dam to flop water. 

Stover; &^y food for cattle, except grain, which, I think, is never fo called. 
Turfy mountains, where live nibbling fheep. 
And flat meads, thatch'd withy?owr, them to keep, Tempeft, A. IV. S.I;, 

He has waited a good Stound. Some time. 

To Stry ; deflroy, fpoil. var. dial. 

To Swop. To exchange. 

He takes on forely for him. Grieves very much. 

A Tidy body. /\n adtive, cleanly perfon. A good recommendation of a fervaoti, 

A good Tidy crop of corn ; good in a fufhcient degree. Tufler, who was a . 
Suffolk farmer, ules it in the following pafl"age, for, in good condition ; , 
If weather be fair, and tidy thy grain, 
Make fpeedily carriage for fear of a rain. 

Tile-fhard\ a piece, or fragment of a tile. A very common word among brick- 
layers. So potfloard, a piece of broken pot, occurs feveral times in fcripture. Job 
took a potfoard to fcrape himfelf withall. 

•He lies by the wall; is dead. Spokea of a perfon between the time of his death 
and burial. 

A IVmnel. A calf weaned. Tufl"cr has the word oftner than once. 

A Whelm.. 

174 U I S 1" O R Y AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. Ilf; 

A TJ-'helm. Half a hollow tree, . laid nnder a gate-wa)', for the water to run 
through. A bad fubftiture for a brick srch. 

To IVindrow, is, when grafs' has been tur, fpread, and partly dried, to rake it 
into rczos, and fo make it hay, by expofiag it'thoroughly to the wind and fun. 

A JVoodfp-ite. A '.voodpecker. 
< ^ffufuijr. Very great. The fame aS- mortal, mortation, and nation. 


Of the value and cultivation of land, with some 
other incidental particulars. 


S this village exhibits no traces of any intrenchment or for- 
tification, either Britilb, Roman, or Danifii ; nor of any 
military road palling through it : as it could never boafl of a 
-caftle, immortalized by its lieges, or the brilliant atchievements 
of its poffeffors : as no telTelated pavement, military weapons, 
or pot of ancient coins, were ever difcovered in it— -its humble 
hiftorian mull be contented to record the revolutions in its culture, 
the employments of the farmer, and the labours of the horfe 
and ox. Nor does he difdain this furvey and delineation of rural 


Hanc olim veteres vitam coluere Sabini, 

Hanc Renuis et frater ; fie fortis Hetru; ia crevit 

Scilicet, et rerunn fafta eft pulcherrima Roma. Virg. 

In the time of Edward the Confeffor, and of the Conqueror, 
Havvfted, as we learn from Domefday, was worth 4I. a year, 
which is about a halfpeny an acre, according to real menfuration. 
It was then faid to contain 13 carucates, or about 1300 acres of ^ 
arable land ; 1 6 acres of meadow ; and wood for 3 porcaries. 
In this account, the paftures bear a prodigioufly fmall proportion ' 


Chap. IV.l OF H A W S T E D. lyi 

to the arable land ; but at that period, and long after, the cul- 
tivation of corn was the grand objedt of agriculture : for though 
fome of the more powerful and wealthy men may have had 
their larders well flored with meat, and hecatombs of beafts 
were llaughtered for fome of their banquets, yet bread mull: have 
conftituted a much greater part of the general diet, than it does 
at prefent. Even the days of abitinence, at all periods before 
the Reformation, muft have leffened the confumption of animal 
food, and incrcafed that of vegetable. 

I have in my poffefiion a leafe of the 13th century, Which 
rates the value of land higher than I expected. The land lay 
not indeed in Hawftcd, but in Nowton ; but as that is a con- 
tiguous village, and the ground there of much the fame nature 
as here, I think I may fairly make ufe of it ; efpecially as its 
antiquity makes it alfo a curio'lity. '■ 

Sciant prefentes ^t futuri quod ego Bartholb'meus filiiis - - - - de fanfto Edmundo' 
concefll et dimifi Wi\mo 'I'rghe pro /ex fciidis quos mihi dedit pre manibus, V/w»J-' 
acr{7s tern- in villa de NeuEuh, fcilicei: de ilia terra quam^teneo de aula de Neutunj, 
jacentes inter terras qiias dimifi Roberto et Ricardo Glowcefter, abuttantes ad iinum 
caput fuper terram Roberti de Neutun verfus orientem, tenendas et babendas de me 
et he-edibus mers f idem Waltero ct heredibus vel luis. afiignacis a fePio fanfti Mi- 
chacHs prcxime pofl obitum Lodcwici regis Francie nfque in terminufn fex amwrum 
feqv.entium. Et ego et heredes mei v^^arunrizabimus prefato Waltero et heredibus, 
vel iuis aflignatis prediftam terram ufque in terminum prediftum. Et fi ita aliquo* 
cafu contingjt quod ego Bartholomeus vel heredes mei non poffimus waruntizare 
predi(ft-;m terram preditto Waltero et heredibus vel fuis affignatis, ego Bartholomeus, 
vel heredes .mei tradenuis predifto Waltero et heredibus fuis five afTignatis tantam ' 
terram in alio loco ejufdem precii, fcilicet de terra que rnihi eecidit hereditarie de ' 
feodo patris mei in campis fanfli Edmundi, tenendaai et haber.dam predifto Waltero 
et heredibus fuis vel fuis afilgnatis ufque ad prediftum terminum. Ad finem vero 
fex annorum predidtorum recipiam ego vel heredes mei prediftam terram ir.eam a 
predidto Waltero et fui^, {ine omni malo ingenio.lulutam et quietam. Hanc autem 
convenciohem firmiter figie'dolo tenendam pro nobis heredibus noflris utriquc 
affidavimus ; et ad majorem fecurltatem figilla noflra fcriptis noltris hinc inde appoi- 
fuimus. Hiis, tcuibus Ricardo deLagare, Nicholao filioAlgari, Thonia.Aurifabro,.. 
Johanne delanfto Albano, Henrico filio Stephani Aurifabri, Adam Hovel, Robertpdfiii 
Neutun, et Waltero filioejus, et aliis '. 

• It may at firft fight feem foniething ftrange, that many artcient 'deeds, of no great .confelqii^snce^, 
flioiild be attefted by lo many vvitneffes. 'B.iit it may beaccoititcd for frani (heir bsiog tsft'^uted at ■ 
courts, and other public meetings. - •.! i ; > , , .. . 



Here arc two ucrcs of arable land let for 6 years, for 6s. 
"which i^ 6(1. an acre annual rent; indeed it lliould be eftimated 
at rather more, as the whole fum was advanced at firtl:. The 
leafe is of the utmoft ilmplicity, without any claufes about 
culture. Sec. The landlord warrants the two acres to the tenant, 
or two others of equal value, and the tenant engages to give them 
up, at the ejcpiration of the term, ireely and peaceably, fnie 
omni nialo ingenio. They pledge therafelves to each other lor 
the due performance of the contract, and for the greater fecurity 
let their feals, in the prefence of eight perfons who are named, 
belides others. The date from which the leafe was to com- 
mence, is fomething remarkable. The cuttom of affixing 
dates to deeds was not become general in the reign of Henry 
III. and the prefent date, inftead of being that of the reign 
of the Englifli monarch, is that of the death of Louis the 
French king. This was probably Louis the IXth, afterwards 
canonized, who died 25 Auguft, 1:270, and whofe fame for 
piety, particularly his pallion for the crufades, which coll him 
his Hfe, made his death an epoch. He had befides reftored 
many of the Englifh dominions in France, taken by his anceftors; 
and was brother-in-law to our Henry IH. 

It may not be amifs to remark, that this deed is indented ; and 
that the indented edges are marked with the dimidiated letters of 
the word cibographum. Inftances of fuch indentures before 
this reign are not very frequent '. 

The following deed is about the fame time. 

Sciatit prefentes et fiituri quod ego Robertus deBeylham concefli, dedi, et hac prc- 
■fenci carta inea confirmavi Roberto filio Waltcri de Meleford pro liomagio et fervicio 
("no et pro duabus marcis argenti quas milii dedit in Gerfumam % unam acram terre 
et dimidiam cum fuis pertinenciis in villa de Haufted. Quarum dimidia acra pre- 
didte terre jacctjuxta terrara preditSti Iloberti ex una parte, et terram "Willielmi de 

" See Madox's Form. Aug. Differtation, p. z8. 

* This was the purthal'e money j not the earned. The annual payment of a penny was to fecure 
the purchaier from every kind of demand that could be made on the land. 


Chap. IV.] O F H A W S T E D. 177 

Camera ex altera, cum omnibus fepibus et foflatis. Et una acra terre jacet juxta 
terram predifti Willielmi de Camera ex una parte, et terram Johannis iilii M:u -i li 
ex altera. Salvo tamen diclo Roberto de Beylham tota paflura jacente ad capud 
predifte acre terre fue abeatur in predlfla terra tota magis auc minus, tenendum et 
abendum de me et heredibus meis predido Roberto filio VValteri et licredibus luis 
vtl aflignatis fuis, cuicumque, quibus, quando, ubicumque dare vendere vel affignare 
voluerint, libere, quiete, bene in pace, in feodo et hereditate perpetua, reddendo iride 
anmiatim m\h\ vel heredibus meis, tcinan denarinm, videlicet ad pafcham, pro om- 
nibus ferviciis, confuetudinibus, exaftionibus, cujufcumqne fedis curie, rcgiis prc- 
ceptis, et omnibus fecularibus demandis. Et ego predidtus llobertus de Beylham, 
et hcredes mei warrantizabiiViUs, acquietabimus et in omnibus defendemus toram 
prediflam terram cum lepibus et foliatis prcdiifio Roberto iilio VValteri et heredibus 
luis vel aflignatis fuis per predi6tum fervicium, contra omncs homines et femivas ', in 
perpctuum. Et ut mea conceflio, donacio, carte mee confirmatio rata permaneac 
et ftabiiis, huic fcripio figillum meum appofui. Hiis teftibus, Ricardo de Saxham, 
Roberto de Ros, Alexandro de Exninge, Semanno de Ofmundesfclde, Alan de 
feroch, Alana IVleflbre, Henrico filio fuo, Wydone Maymund, Nicolao k Cupere. 

The next is a few years after the two laft, when deeds were 
generally dated. As it differs in many refpedls from the firft of 
thofe two, and as leafes of fuch early times are not very common, 
I fliall tranfcribe it, 

Hec eft convencio fadta inter Philippum Nuel ex una parte, et Henricum filium 
Nicholai de fanfto Edmundo et Ricardum filium ejus ex altera parte ; ita videlicet 
quod predidus Philippus conceffit et dimifit prediclis Henrico et Ricardo, ad rotJtn 
vitam eorum, omnes terras et tenementa fua in Haufted et Neuton, pro decern 
Marcis argenti annuatim eidem Philippo et heredibus aut aflignatis fuis vel eorum 
heredibus, die fandti Michaelis in fine cujuflibet anni folvendis, aut fuo certo arornato, 
fcriptiim de dimiruone predifte terre inter eos fadtum dcferenti, una cum litera 
aquietancie ejufdem termini, figiilo predicti Phili[)pi vel heredum aut aflignatoruni 
fuorum, fi de eo humanitus contingar, fignata, bene et fideliter, et fine ulteriori 
diiacione in ecclefia conventuali fanfti Edmundi coram altari fandli Nicolai. '1 ali 
tenure adjunfto; quod fi contmgat predifl^os Henricum vel Ricardum in folutione 
predifte pecunie, termino ftatuto, in parte vel in toto deficere, cum fuper hoc fu- 
erint requifiti ; predi£lus Henricus et Ricardus volunt et concedunt quod predidus 
Philippus, &c. pofllt omnia tenenr.enta in fcripto contenra cum omnibus fuis per- 
tincnciis ingrediet feyfire, et ea bene et pacifice recipere fibi et heredibus vel afllg- 
mtis fuis in perpetuum, fcripto dimifionis inter eos conftdo non obftante, fine 
aliquo clameo prediftorum Henrici et Pvicardi, feu alicujus nomine fuo. Et pufi; 

' Mr. Barrjngton obferves, that perhaps the firil; inftance in the Statute Book of an apprehenfion, 
that a ii'r;«a« is not included in the word man, occurs ii Jdwardlll. Oblervations en the ir.ore 
Air;iaU Statutes, p. 243. An eailier inllance of inch an apprehenfion appears in the prefent deed. 

A a deceffumi 



17S H I S T O R Y A N D A N T I Q U I T I E S [Chap. 

dccefllim preilidlorum Henrici ec Ricardi omnia predidla tenementa cum pertincnciiq 
predido Philippe, ?cc. Iblute et quiete revertantur. Ec fi predidus Henricus tt 
Ricardiisin t'ata difcedant ante termir.ura folutionis ultimi anni, quod abiit, idem 
Hcnricus tt Piicardus volnnt et corrcedunt pro fe et heredibus ct executoribus luis, 
quod heredes vel executores eorum teneantiir ad folutionem ultime ferme fade de 
trudibus de prediftis terris et ter.emeiuis p: ovtnitntibus ; dummqdo quod heredes 
et executores predidorm Henrici vel Ricardi habeant et teneant omnia tenemtnta 
predida cum omnibus fuis percinenciis ulque ad fintm termini predidi. Et Henricus 
el Ricardus concedurit Tub pena et diftridione predicT;a, quod in predidis terris 
bolcis domibus nee gardinis facicnt neque fieri pcrmitrent vailum vcnditionem nee 
deflrudionem, nifi tantummodo ad Hufoote ' et Hcybote '. Hoc adjed^ quod 
fi contingat quod dominus rex Anglic ab eildcm Henrico ct Rira'do fimul cum aliis 
Hbere tenentibus in pirtibiis illis denianda et tilliaaia exigat, quod abfit, tunc pre- 

tlidus Philippus ab eifdem demandis eos cabit. In cujus rei tcRimcnium 

alter alterius fciipio ad mf^dum cyro^iraffi c.-niedo figilla lua alicrnjtim appo- 
fuerunt. Hiis tcitibu?, Waltero I're^lcU, WiUifdmo de Cramavile, Roberto de 
Ros, Semannodc Olmundisfelde, Roberto dc VVeylham, Galfrido Ofborn, Nicholao. 
Aldred, Adam de Saxham, Henrico filio Wllliclmi ec alii';. D;Uum apud fandum' 
Edniundum Die Lune proxime pofl feftum fanfti Ma:, i Evai gelifte, anno regui 
rcois Edwardi filii regis Henriei decimoj finieme jam anno. 

The feals of green wax are both preferved ; one of them is 
I believe an antique, with two human figures, one turning from 
the other, an oval, cii c:umfcribcd, '• Sigilkim Henrici fil. Nitholai :" 
the other bears a Hon rampant gardant, a circle, circumfcribed, 
" Je fuys fel de aNuell" — it belonged, J fuppofe, to one of his 

At the fame time, by another deed, Nuell let to the fame per- 
fons for their joint lives, for 30 marcs of filver paid in hand, and 
for 10 marcs annual rent, his whole meiTuage in IlauHed, with 
"till the lands, woods, meadows, paftures, rents, ways, paths, 

' Wood, for fiiein^. 

" Wood for ie]>airing the hedges. Boir, or Frnf, means profit, advanfage. 

' An inftriiiT.ent of cotntvaiicc attefted by vvitneiies was, in the Saxon times, ca]]ei\ Ciiro^ra/ifjum, 
;^iid by the Normans, Charm. To prevent fr.iiids, they made their deed^ of nnitual covenant in a part 
and connierpart, npon the fame piece of parchment, and in the middle between the. two copies drew 
the capital letters of the a phabet, or ibmetinies the word svNCKArHos. and il^en cut'aiuuder, in 
an indented manner, thcfaid piece, which, being delivered to the two parties concerned, were proved 
authentic by nia:ching with one another, ^\hcn tlii? prudent cnflon. had for fon c time prevailed,-., 
llie word C hirogiaphnm was appropiiated to fuch bipartite writings. Kennett's Glolfary. The 
j>refunt deed is iliiis indented ; and its indented edi:;e marked vviih large and fn.all din idiatcd letters, 
taken 1 believe at random. From the fiiort.icls of ancient deeds, and the ahbreviafed manner in 
uLich they were written, fevercl pairs mi^ht be cut out of the lame ik'ia of parchment. 


Chap.IV.] OF H A W S T E D. i;9 

hedges, with all the other tenements in Hauftede and Neuton ' 
that in any manner belonged to it. 

The parchment of thele deeds is of extreme thinnefs ; and 
the writing ftill retains its original blacknefs. 

14 Edward I. as we have already feen, Thomas Fitz Euftace, 
the chief lord of the village, held in his own hands 240 acres 
of arable land, 10 of meadow, and 10 of wood. William 
Talemache, the next perfon in confeqiience to him, held 280 
acres of arable land, i 2 of meadow, and 24 of wood. Philip 
Noel, another principal proprietor, held 120 acres of arable 
land, 4 of meadow, and 7 of wood. Robert de Ros held 56 
acres of arable land, 3 of meadow, and 5 of wood. Walter de 
Stanton held 80 acres of arable land, 3 of meadow and pafture, 
and I of wood. William de Cramaville held 140 acres of arable 
land, 6 of meadow, and 8 of wood. John Beylham held 5 a 
acres of arable land, 2 of meadow, and 3 of wood. And feveral 
fmaller tenants are not faid to have any meadows or paftures. 

From thefe inllances it appears, that almoft the whole atten- 
tion of the farmer was beftowed on his plough. For thefe feven 
perfons occupied among them, 968 acres of arable land, and 
only 40 of meadow, juft 24 to f ; not that it is to be fuppofed, 
that the fmaller tenants had no pafture ; or that the larger pro- 
prietors had among them all no more than 40 acres of land, for 
the feed of their cattle. Meadow ground was properly what was 
referved for mowing : it was called, pratum falcabik. The 
borders of their arable lands were broad, and though abounding 
with trees and bufhes,fupplied doubtlefs a confiderable quantity of 
grafs. However, one acre of hay-ground to twenty-four of arable, 
Mas a very fmall proportion, and befpeaks a ftrong preference 
to tillage. I willi, the record whence the above notes are taken, 
had recited the number of cows and flieep belonging to each land- 

* Beuton o: Nuton was afterwards fpelled Noixton, as Nudl became No-well. 

A a 2 Though 

i8o HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. IV. 

Though their annual payments are all fet down ; yet nothing 
can with certainty be colle6ted, with refpedl to the value of 
their lands, for they paid from almoft yd. to lefs than a farthing 
an acre a year. Some of thofe who paid the very low rents, 
probably performed fome fervice in hulbandry for their landlord, 
in lieu of m.oney ; and fome of the fmall fums were perhaps 
of the nature of quit-rents. However, we may not probably 
be far from the truth, if we lay their lands in general at ^d. 
an acre. 

In the year 1281, the prices of various kinds of grain, the 
produce of this village, were as follows : Of wheat, about the. 
Converlion of St. Paul (25 January) from 4s. 3d. to 4s. 5d. a 
quarter; in Lent, 4s. 6d. afterwards, 4s. 8d. ; of filigo ', from 
2S. 8d. to 2 8. lod.; of barley, 3 s. 6 jd. ; of new peafe, from 
2 8. 9{d. to 2S. II l(\; of old peafe, 2s. 4|d. ; of draget % 
2 8. Id. ; of oats, from 2S. 2d. to 2s. 4d. 

This was a year of moderate plenty, and therefore may be 
confidered as the ftandard of the prices of grain, about this 
period; for in turning over the Chron. Pret. I find, that at 
different times, from 1246 to 1270, wheat fold at what were 

' Si/igo was a kind of light and white wheat, Pliny fays of it, fj'ginein proprie. 
dixerim tritici dclicias •, candor eft, fine virture, et fine pondere, conveniens hu- 
midis tra<ftibus — ey/7/^/«^ lautifilmus panis. Vulgo ble blanc, lays his commen- 
tator. Googe, in his Hufbandry, printed in 1577, in his account of the difi'crcnt 
kinds of wheat, lays, Rcbns is ihe tairelt and weightieft ; Silgo is ufed in the fineft 
cheate; Trimejlre is ripe in three months. Siligo^ fays Littleton in his Diftionary, 
is a fine wheat, of which they make manchet. The Chron. Prer. in the year 
13S7 (where the author fays, he knows not what it is) makes it 1 s. a quarter,\vhen 
wiicat was 2S. In a compotus of the year 1405 (fupplied nie by a tnend) it was- 
4s. a quaiter, when whcac.was 5s. 4d. which 1 apprehend was a very great price 
for it. 'J.iJ. 

^ Draget is cats and barlev mixed together. It occuis in the will of lady Clare, 
who c'ied in 1360. ?ee Royal Wills. 1 ufier, wlio fainied in this county about 
the middle of the fixteenth century, calls it dredge. 

Thy dredge and thy barlev go threfli out to malt.— 
Sow barky and dredge with a plentiful hand. 


Chap. IV.] O F H A W S T E D. iSi 

then all efteemed the enormous rates of 1 3 s. 4cl. ; 1 6 s. ; 4I. t 6 s. 
and even 61. 8 s. a quarter, if the author may be credited, who 
fays at tiie fame time, that provilions were fo fcarte, that parents 
ate their children, hi 1243, it fold at 2 s. a quarter; in 1286, 
at 2s. 8d.; in 128S, it funk to is. and in the north and weft 
parts, even to 8 d. Suppoling then 4s. fed. to be about the 
mean price of a quarter of wheat, and /td. a year's rent of an acre 
of land, the difproportion between the produce of the land and its 
rent is almoll: incredible ; for, if (as I fufpecft) an acre produced, 
in general, only i ^ quarter ', it would, if the ground was 
cropped only two years together, give the hufbandman 13 times 
the rent of his land one year wirh another; a profit, which the 
beft farmers, in the prefent ftate at improved agriculture, can 
rarely, I believe, reach. That lands Ihould be thus rated, can 
only be attributed to the frequent and almoft entire failures of 
their crops,, unknown in modern times, in well cultivated 
countries; and which muft have been owing to an ill managed: 
hufbandry, that funk entirely under an unfavourable feafon. 
At one time we are told, the ground v/as fo hard that it coidd 
not be tilled; at another, that the rain and hail deftroyed the. 
crops ; the confequence was, not only a fcarcity, but often a 
famine. Even fo late as the reign of queen Mary, Bullein tells 
ns, that" bread was fo fkant, inibmuch that the plain poor 
" people did make very much of acorns ; and a ficknefs of a 

' The learned author of Fleta, who wrote about this period, and who, in his 
Treatile of Law, has not dildained inferting levcral particulars relative to rural 
economy, informs us, that if an acre of wheat yield only three times the feed fown, 
the farmer will be a loler, unlels corn fliould fell dear. His calculation is this : 
three ploughings is. 6d.; harrowing id.; two budiels ot feed is.; weeding one 
haifpcnyi reaping 5d.; carrying id.-, in all 3 s. i -^ d. which is 1 fd. more than the 
value of 6 hulheis. I. If. c. 82. Nothing is laid of the rent of the land, expence of - 
manuring, &c. This account would have been more curious, had ihe author 
informed us, what was then efteemed a fair average crop. 1 have fuppofed it 

6 " ftiong;- 


" llrong fever did fore moleft the commons." Bulwark of 
Defence, fol. 30. 

Not that we are to imaghie, that good hufoandry was not 
now known ; for fome writers, even before this period, have 
lliewn the contrary ; but to know and to pradlife are very dif- 
ferent things. Are there not invincible prejudices, even in this 
enlightened age, with which agriculture has to contend? In how 
many parts of this ifland do turneps Hill remain unhoed ? 

The fame year, 1281, the price of a bullock was 8 s. 6d.; 
of a hog 2 5. 6d. ; of a pig 6d. ; of threfliing a quarter of wheat 
3 d. ; of filgo 2 Y d. ; of barley i ^ d. ; of peafe 2d.; of draget i d. ; 
of oats 1 d. ; a man's wages for cutting fire-wood for two days 
was 4d. which feems great pay. A carter was allowed for his 
Eafter-day's repaft, i d. Another had four bulhels of filgo for 
lix weeks work of various kinds; and a girl for winnowing corn, 
and keeping the young heiffers, geefe and poultry, of the manor, 
for fourteen weeks, i qviarter of the fame grain. A fervant, 
called a Daye ', had 1 2 d. for the fame employment, from 
Michaelmas to Eatter. 

In 1359, the lord of the principal manor held in his own 
hands 572 acres of arable land, eilimated from 4d. to 8d. an 
acre ; and eight pieces of meadow, or mowing-ground, valued 

' He occurs fotnetimes as an attendant upon the carter. Sometimes it fliould 
feem, as it" he belonged to the dairy, by having calves to fell. He was certainly 
of the loweft clafs ot fervants, as he is always placed the lad in the Hit, and with 
fmall wages; probably, what we lliould now call a day-labourer, a perfon employed 
about any work. He occurs in the flatutes of 25 and 37 Edward III. in th-; iaitcr 
of which, the old hnglifli tranllation calls him a Deyar. Chaucer, whom no 
cotemporary chara6ter could efcape, rhus alludes to his frygal fare, where in the 
Nonne's Preefle's Tale he is defcribing a poor widow: 

Itso win ne drank (he, neither white ne red ; 

Hire bord was ferved mod wi:h white and black. 

Milk and brown bred, in which flic found no lack ; 

Scinde bacon, and fometime an ey or twcy ; 

For ftie was as it were a mancr Dey, — i. e. a kind of Dey. 


Chap. IV.] O F H A W S T E D. 183 

at 202s. 4d. a year; the quantity of which was probably about ' 
50 acres. For though the larger parcels are each valued iu the 
grofs at fo many Ihillings a }car, yet the quantities of three of 
the fmaller are fpecified : one piece of 3 acres was valued at los, 
a year ; one of 1 acre at 5 s.; and another of i acre at 4s. Taking 
therefore the mean price of 4s. the 202 s. 4d. was probably the 
annual value of about 50 acres. He had befules, in Circuitu 
Broci'y paihire for 24 cows, worth 36s.; as alfo for 12 horfes, 
and as many oxen, worth 48 s. a year. He held alfo 40 acres 
of wood, valued at is. an acre; and the croppings of the trees 
and hedges about his fields, at 6 s. 8d. a year. 

Though, from the increafed quantity of grafs -grounds, the 
confumption of flefli-meat was probably increafed ; yet the poor 
land-holders, who were obliged by their tenures to work for 
the lord fo many days in hay-time and harveft, had, at this time, , 
no other allowance of animal food than two herrings a day each, . 
and fome milk from the manor dairy to make them cheefe ; they 
had befides each man a loaf, of which 15 made abufliel, and 
an allowance of drink, not fpecifietU Of thefe there w ere eleven, 
who were to perform, amongft them, 42 days work in hay-time, 
and 60 in harveft. 

The great inferiority of arable land to meadow^, in point of 
value, in about the proportion of one to eight, may be accounted 
for fiom the fmali quantity of the latter, at a time when hay 
was fo great a part of the fupport of the live ftock in winter. 
Why there w^as fo fmall a quantity of it, may not be fo eafy to 

In 13S6, tl:ie produce of the farm, which the lady of the 
manor held in her own hands, wa-, according to the bailiff's ac- 

Brocus is a brook, or a fmall Hream. In a furvey of this manor in 1581, we 
have, Brccum five >ofuium, and Torren^em five Brcctnn.. 1 he; demeines were 
warered wiih a rivultt, ihe Ihrubby banks of which aiForded a confiderable quantity 
of pafture, 



count (which was always from Michaelmas to Michaelmas) 69 
quasters, 5 ^ hufliels of wheat ; 54quarteiP, 4 buihels of barley ; 
1 1 quarters, 7 buQiels of peafe; 29 quarters of haras ' ; and 65 
quarters, 4 buihel of oats. 

Oat-meal was part of the food of fervants. This year, 1 2 
budiels were ufed for the broth of feven. Tuller, a SuffolL 
farmer, tells us ; 

Though never fo much a good hufwife doth care. 

That fuch as do labour have hufbandly fare •, 

•Yet feed them, and cram them, till purfedoth lack chilike. 

No fpoon meat, no belly full, labourers thinke. 

This is not the cafe now. Pork and bacon are the Suffolk la- 
bourer's delicacies; and bread and cheefe his ordinary diet. 

In 1387, 66 acres were fown with wheat, allowing 2 bufliels 
to an acre; 26 acres with barley, allowing 4 buHiels to an acre ; 
25 acres with peafe ; 25 acres with haras; 62 acres with oats, 
allowing 2 ^ builiels of each to an acre. 

The ftock was 4 cart horfes {equi careSlarii), 6 ftone horfes 
{Jiotti), 10 oxen % 1 bull, 26 cows, 6 heiffers, 6 calves, 92 


* What particular grain this was, I cannot/ay; but its name implies, that it was 
a horfe-corn, from Haracium (Luc.) and Haras (Fr.) which fignify a flucl of 
horfes : and the accounts before me Ihew, that horfes were ferved witli it, both 
threfhed and in fheaves : and one year the (heep, in winier, had 120 Iheaves of 
it, 12 of which made a bufhel. It was thrertied at the lame price as peale and 

■ oats, which was 2d. a quarter, while wheat was threfhed at 4d. 

* By all the accounts I have, it appears, that the number of horfes and oxen 
kept for labour were equal. The latter were alfo fed with oats, and fliod \x\ froily 
weather. It cannot be unpleafing to ihnfe who arc ii tcrelled in this lui jcd, to hear 
what the old author of F"leta fays about ir. A plough of oxen {^caruca bourn, a 
pair I fuppofe) with two horfes, will do as much as it ti)cy were all hortes. A plough 
of oxen will go forward in heavy had, where one of horfes would itop. A horle 
kept for labour ought to have every night the fixth part of a buihel of oats ; for 
an ox 3 Y meaiures of oats, 10 of wiiich make a bufhel, are lufficient for a week. 
L. II. c. 73. It is of fervice to oxen, to be rubbed twice a day with a whifp of 

-ilraw, as by thofe means they will take more pleafure in licking themfelves— eo 


Chap, IV.] O F H A W S T E D. 1S5 

muttons, 10 fcore of hogerells (flieep of the 2d year), i gander, 
4 gee{Q (auc. maroL ^ 30 capons % i cock, 26 hens. 

The quantity of arable land" in tillage, this year, appears from 
the above account, to have been 2 1 4 acres. The whole, there- 
fore, fuppofing one-third lay fallow, was 321; a great decreafe 
from 572, which was the arable part of the demefnes in 1359. 
The dairy is rather increafed; and a flock of near 300 flieep 
is now mentioned. There was nothing faid of a flock before, 
though doubtlefs there was one ; but if it had been of the con- 
fequence of that at prefent, it would hardly have been palTed 
over in lilence. Of the meadows or pafture grounds, no par- 
ticulars occur ; yet it may be conckided, they had continued to 
increafc, from the dairy and flock increaiing, while the arable 
land decreafed. There were alfo let this year, the pafture, and 
the herbage of pafture, of feveral pieces, the fizes of which are 
not fpecified. 

quod afFeflius fe lambebunt, c. 7^. where more of their utility maybe feen. Har- 
rifon, in his Defcription of Britain, prefixed to Holinfhed's Chronicle, mennons an 
odd praftice, in his time, with refpedt to this animal. " When they are young," 
fays he, " many graziers will oftentimes annoynt their budding homes, or typpes of 
*' homes, with hony, which mollyfieth the naturall hardenefle of that fubliance, 
" and thereby maketh it growe into a notable greatncfs. Certes, it is not ftraunge 
*' in England to fee oxen, whofe homes have the length of three foot between the 
" typpes." p. 220. Thefe large horns muft have been often inconvenient in huf- 
bandry ; but horn was a mod ufeful article in various manufadtures, particularly 
that of drinking cups, of which thofe of the largefl; fize have ever been moft 

' Au:. marol. muft mean geefe, as diflinguiflied from ganders. In 1587, there 
is an allowance of oats expended fuper aucis marol. In 1389, it is expreffed, fufer 
aucis pond. The lad word perhaps from the French, /cM^r^, to lay an egg. The 
word is not in the Gloflaries. 

^ The cuftom of making capons is faid to have been, introduced among us by 
the Romans. 

Ne nimis exhaufto macrefceret Inguine gallus, 
Amifit tefles. Martial, L. xiii. Ep. 6^. 

It is remarkable, that the art of preparing this article of luxury (bould be entirely 
loft in this neighbourhood ; a capon never appearing in Bury market. 

B b The 


The dairy of 2.6 cows was let for 81. a year, cid p/enam 
Jirmam\ the ladtage of a cow, with its ealfj and a hen,, being- 
rated at 6 s. 8d^ ',. and tv/o cows thrown into the bargain (pret^ 
y vacc. in avmitag.) Wheat was fold for 4s. a quarter ; oats for 
2s. two lloiie liorfes (I fuppofe entirely worn out), for 5 s.;. acarE 
horfe for 21s.; a cow for 45.^ an. ox. for 13 s.. 6 d.; a boar foe 
IS. 8d. ;^ a capon for 4d. 

A cart-horfe * was bought for 30 s.;. 30 fowls to be made 
capons, for 2S. 3d. ; a goofe (auc. marol.) for 6d.; a hen foir 
2d. Wheat was threflied for 4d. a quarter, and other grairt 
for 2d. A reaper had 4d. a day. is. iid. was paid for cutting; 
and tying up 3 acres of wheat, per tajkam; and 3 s. 4d, for 
cutting and tying up 6. acres of bolyraong ; a pair of cart wheels 
eoft 6 s. 

In 1388, the produce of the farm was 6 9. quarters, 2 bufhels 
of wheat; 52 quarters, 2 bufliels of barley ;. 23 quarters, 3. 
buOiels of peafe ; 2.8 quarters of haras ;, 40 q^uarters, 4 bufliels- 
ef oats. 

' This was alfb the rem of the ladage of' a cow, vith its calf, in 138S, in th'e- 
arljoining village of Horningflicath : when alfo the laiflage of 9J. ll.cep was let at 
I id -ach. \: is much that no mention is- made of this latter kind oflad.ige, in 
this village. Ir was an objeft in rural economy, at ieafl; as^lnte as the tirne of I ufier,, 
who gives leveral dire£lions about- it •, and Harrifon fays, that " ewts milk, added to- 
** that of kins, makes chetfe that abides longer moill, and eats more brickie and< 
" mellow." 

- Though in thefe accounts cart h^n-fes zndi Jl alliens appear to be difiihguifhed, yet 
we leain Irom Harrifon, that in the reign of Elizabeth, horfcs. kept for draught or 
burden were ftoned, and geldings appropriated to the faddle. " Our land," fays, 
he, '* dooth vecld no afles, and t; eretore \va want the generation alfu of mules and 
" fomers ; and therefore the mo(t part of our carriage is made by thefe, which; 
" remaining^ are either referved for the cart, or appointed to beare fuch. 
" burdens as are convenient for them. Our cart or plough-hories (for we uls them 
" inditfcrentlie) are commonlie fo llrnng, that five or lix of them will draw three 
•' thouland weightof tlie grc.itell talc, wirh eafe, for a long journie^ although it be 
" not a load of common ufage, which confiiteth onelis of two thoufand. Such 
" as are kept alfo for burden will carie four hundred weight commonlie, without 
*^ anie hurt or hindrance." p. 220. 

Ys/y few ilonc horfes are now kept in the county, except for propagation. 


Chap. IV.] O F H A W S T E D. igy 

In 1389, 57 acres were fown with wheat; 24 acres with 
barley; 22 acres with peafe ; 38 acres with har^s ; 54 i^ acres 
with oats. 

Wheat fold for 4s, and 5s. a quarter; barley for 3s.; oats 
for as. An old ftallion grown iifelefs (quod inutilis pro Jlauro) 
for 1 2 3.; a cow for 3 s. 8d.; another for 4s, 6d,; a pig or 
porker fporcellus) for is. 4d.; a capon for 4d.; a cart-load of hay 
for 5s.; a cow's hide for is. 8 d. 

A horfe's hide tawed ' (dcalbatum) was bought foi: is.; bul*- 
mong '■ for 2 s. a quarter; a ftone-horfe for i^s.; a calf for is. 
Wheat was threlhed for 4d. a quarter; barley, peafe, and haras, 
for 2d. 44 hogs, or hoggcrels (for they are called both) were 
gelt for IS. 8d. 60 perfons, hired for one day to weed the 
•corn, had 2d. each. Meadow ground was mown for 6d. aa 
acre ; malt made for 6 d, a quarter ; and 6 yards of canevas for 
table-cloths, coft I2d. 

In 1390, the produce of the farm was 42 quarters r bufliel 
of wheat, from 5 7 acres, which is lefs than 6 bufhels an acre ; 
38 quarters 2 bufhels of barley from 24 acres, which is better 
than 1 2 bufhels an acre ; 34 quarters, 2 j bufhels of peafe, from 
22 acres, which is better than 12 bufliels an acre; the quantity 
of haras is obliterated; 33 quarters 2 bufhels of oats, from 54 ~ 
acres, which is about 5 bufliels an acre. 

Either of the two firft mentioned crops, of 13^6, and 1388, 
would ruin a modern farmer. For in three nearly fucceflive 
years therc were 183 acres fown with wheat ; we may there- 
fore conclude, that the annual number was about Jo i. Yet ia 
aieither of the befl years did the quantity of wheat reach 70 

' Tawed is drefled white, with alum. Tawcrs of kther are mentioned among 
the artificers in a ftatute of 23 Edward III. 

' Bidmong^i or Boljnton^y a word (till familiar to us, means peafe and oats fown 

B b a quarters. 

i88 HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. IVv 

quarters. However, no particular dearnefs of corn followed ; 
fo that, probably, thofe very fcanty crops were the uiual and 
ordinary effedts of the imperfe6l hufbandry then praftifed. And 
this too, as being the manor farm, was likely to be at leaft as well 
cultivated as any in the village. But the produce of the prefent 
year bears a more melancholy afpedf. Lefs than 6 buftiels of 
wheat from an acre is not only a crop, by which a tolerably 
managed farm is now rarely or never difgraced, in the moft un- 
favourable fealon ; but it even then produced a great fcarcity; 
for wheat role from 4s. and 5 s. a quarter, to 13 s. 4d.; barley 
from 3 s. to 5$. 6d.; oats from 2 s. to 6s. 8d.; peafe were fold 
at 8 s. a quarter ; and of w heat there were fold only 3 quarters, 
•whereas in one of the former years there were 18; in the 
other 24. 

An ox was fold for 12s.; 5 acres of wheat ftubble for is. Cd.j 
a cow's hide for is. 2d. ; the peafe of the garden for 6s. 

A cow, with her calf, was bought for los.; another for 6s.; 
a thiid for 7s. 3d.; two cows before calving, for 15s. id.; a. 
boar for 2s. yd.; and 6 calves, the property of the daye, for 6sr 
3 s. 4d. was paid for the exchange of barley for feed. 

A carpenter's wages was 4d. a day. A man hired for 3 } days- 
to fill the dung-cart, had i od. ; a ferjeant's ' (jervient ) wages 
were 13s. 4d. a year ; a carter's i os.; a ploughman's (tentcris 
carucej los; a plough-driver's " (fugatorts caruce) 6 s. 8d. ; a 
flrepherd's I OS. 4d.; a daye's 5 s.; and three men had is. 6d, 
for going to Sudbury (16 miles off) to fetch tiles for the friars 
at Babwell near Bury. 

' Seri'iens de manerio, A fteward who is employed by the lord to occupy feme 
particular groiincs, and to account tor the yearly profits of them. Kcnnctt's Glofl". 

^ It is his bullncfs 10 yoke the oxen equaJl)', anjd drive them uithotn cither 
Hriking, goading, or over-prtfllng tht-m. He Ihouid be neither melancholy nor 
paffionate, but lively, and full of finging, chtcring wi-th his tanes the labourirg 
cattle. He fhould i^^'^, and be fond ot them, flcep with them every night, kraich, 
curry, and wipe them (prurire,Jlriliare, torcan.) Flcta, L, 11. c. 7S. 


Chap. IV.] O F H A W S T E D. if9 

Sixty acres were fovvn with wheat, 2 ^ bufliels to an acre ; 32 
acres with barley ; 31 acres with peafe ; 23 acres with haras, 3 
bufliels to an acre ; 48 acres with oats. 

In a lite of hufbantlry, the harveft is ever an affair of the 
greateft confequence. I have therefore thrown together two 
years tranfavStions of that feafon, that we may form the better. 
idea how that important bufinefs was contlucled. 

The outgoings on that occafion were called the cofls of au- 
tumn (cujlus autwnnales)^ and are thus f^ated. 
• In 1388, the expences of a ploughman, head reaper, baker, 
cook, brewer, deye, 244 ^ reapers ', hired for one day,: ^30 bed?-: 
rejjes " (precaf) the men fed, according to cuf^om, with bread 
and herring. 3 quarters 3 bu(hels of wheat from the flock ; 5 
quarters 3 bufnels of malt from the flock; meat bought, los. lod.; 
5 flieep from the flock ; filh and herrings bought, 5s, ; herrings 
bought for the cufliomary tenants, yd,; cheefe, milk, and butter^ 
bought', 9s. 6d. ; fait 3d.; candles 5d.; pepper 3d.; fpoons, 
diflies, and fauceis, 5d. 

30 bedrepes, as before; 19 reapers, hired for one day, at 
their own board, 4d. each; 80 men, for one day, and kept at 
the lady's board, 4d. each; I4.0 ^ men hired for one day, at 3d, 
each: the wages of the head-reaper 6s. 8d.; of the brewer 3s. 
4d. ; of the cook 3s. 4d. 30 acres of oats tied np, l;y the jolt 
as we now call it (per tafiom), is. 8d.; 6 acres of bolymong 
cut, and tied up, by the job, 3s. 4d. ; 16 acres of peafe, cut 
by the job, 8s.; 5 acres of peafe and bolymong cut, and tied" up, 
by the, job, 2s. 6d. ; 3 acres of wheat cut, and tied up, by the 
job, IS. lid. 

> The meaning of this, I fuppofe, is, that one of the men was employed only half 
a day. ■ " 

* Bedre-pes were days of work performed in harveft time by the cuftomary 
tenants, at the ^/V^/«^ or requifiti(-n of th( ir lords. 

^ The dairy was ictj which was the rcalun that thcfe articles were bought. 



In T389, the expences of a carter, ploughman, head-reaper, 
cook, baker, brewer, fliepherd, deye, 221 reapers hired for one 
day, 44 pitchers ', ftackers, and reapers (pitcbar. tajjator. metent.) 
for one day, 2 2 reapers, hired for one day, for good will (de 
amore)^ 20 cuftomary tenants; a quarters 6 bufhels of wheat 
from the ftock; beer 8d.; 5 quarters i bufliel of malt, 1 8s. 9 7 d.; 
meat 9s. iijd.; fifli and herring for 6 bideron % 4s. 8d. ; 
herrings for the cuftomary tenants 5d.; cheefe, butter, milk, and 
eggs, 8s, 3|d.; oatmeal 5d.; fait 3d.; pepper and faffron ' lod.; 
candles 6d.; 5 pair of gloves * lod.; difhes id.; fpoons i jd. ; 
faufets id, 

* Hence a pitch-fork : fometimes called a pike, or pike-fork : 

A rake for to rake up the fitches that lie, 

A pike for to pike them up handforae to drie, Tuffcr. 

* Bedrepes. q. 

* This oriental plant was firft cultivated in England in the reign of Edward III. 
but ufed here before he was born; for in 1309, when Ralphe Bourne was inflalled 
abbot of St. Auftin's, Canterbury, one article of the dinner's expences was, fajfron 
and pepper 33 s. Lei. Coll. vol. VI. p. 35. In 1366, no lefs than 1% pound of fijf'ron 
were confumed in the houfehold of IVIargaret countefs of Norfolk at Franilingham 
Caftle, in this county. Extrad:s from her Reward's account, in my pofieflion. It 
continued long to be a confiderable article of cookery, as well as medicine: " I 
" nnift hzvQ faff ran," fays the clown in the Winter's Tale, " to colour the warden 
*' pies." But, according to the revolution of falhions, its ufe has of late much de- 
creafed, in both. It was chiefly cultivated in Norfolk, Suffolk, ElTex, and Cam- 
bridgelhire ■■, now, I believe, only in the laft. Several pieces of land in this countjr 
ftill retain its name ; at Fornham St. Genevieve is a piece called, the Saffron Tardi 
another at Great Thurlow, the Saffron Greimd; and a piece of glebe land near 
Jinninoham church yard, the Saffron Pans, or Panes, fo named, I fuppofe, from 
jhe flips, or beds, in which the plants were fet. 

Ill having but forty foot workmanly dight. 
Take faffron enough for a lord and a knight. Tufler. 

"It will add but little -to the length of this note to obferve, that this is the only 
plane in the world, of v/hich the Chives (anthera?) only are ufeful. 

* Give _g/cT« to thy reapers, a iargefs to cry. TufTcr. 

Tlie rural bridecrroom, in Laneham's or Lawgham^s account of the entertain- 
ment of queen Elizabeth at Kenelworth Callle, in 1575, had " a payr of harveft 
•' gloves on his hands, as a fign of good hufbandry." The monalla^ at Bury 
allowed feveralof its fervants zd. i ^kcc for ^hve/ilv/r, in autumn. 

5 2ia 

Chap. IV.] O F H A W S T E D. igi 

212 reapers hired for one day, 3d, each, befides their board, 
13 acres of wheat cut, tied up, and trefelled (trefeland.) at yd. 
an acre; i acre of oats, cut, tied up, and trefelled, at 5d.; 6 
yards of canevas for the table, I2d. ;. grinding 5 quarters T 
bulhel of malt, 8d. 

What a fcene of buftling induftry was this T for, excludve of 
the baker, cook, and brewer, who,K we may prefurae, were fully 
engaged in their own offices, here were 553 perlons employed 
in the firft year;, in tl\e fecond, 52a \. -and in. a third, of which. 
1 have not given the particulars, 538 : yet the annual number 
«f acres of all forts of corn did not much exceed 200.. From, 
this prodigious number of hands, the whole bnfinefs (except 
fome fnialler paicels put out by the job) mull have been foon 
finiflied. There were probably two principal days ;. for two. 
large parties were hired, every year, for one day each. And 
thele days were perhaps at fome diftance from each other,, as all 
the different forts of corn were fcarcely ripe at the fame time.. 
Yet 1 know not, if the obj.e£i was to finifli the general harveftin 
2 or 3 days, whether all the crops might not be fawn fo as to bwe 
all fit to he cui at once. The farmers at prefent fow their different 
grains witii a view to a harvell of about 5 wrecks continuance. 

Thefe ancient harvefl. days muff have exhibited one of the 
'inoft cheerfid fpedacles in tiie workL One can hardly imagine 
a more animated- fcene thaa that of between- two and three 
■hundred harveff people all buluy employed at once, and enlivened- 
with the expedliation of a felHvity, which perhaps they expe- 
rienced but this one Icafon in the year. All the inhabitants of 
the village of both fcxes, and of all ages that could work, mull 
have been affen^-bled oa the cccafion ;, a mufter, that in .the 
prefent ftate of things would-be impoffible. The fuccefs- of thus 
compreffing fo much bulinefs into lb fhort a time muft have 
depended on the weather.. But difpatch feems to have been the 



plan of agriculture; at this ;time, at Icaft in this village. We 
have feen before, that 60 perfons were hired for one day to 
weed the corn. 

Thefe throngs of harveft people were fuperintended by a 
perfon who was called the head-reaper ' {fupermejbr, elfewhere 
emphatically niejfor^ and prapq/itus), who was annually ele6led, 
and prefented to the lord by the inhabitants ; and it fliould feem 
that in this village at leatl, he was always one of the cuftomary 
tenants. The year he was in office, he was exempt from all 
or half of his ufual rents and fervices, according to his tenure; 
was to have his vidiuals and drink at the lord's table, if the lord 
hept houle (fi dominus hofpitium tenuerit)^ if he did not, he was to 
have a livery of cor4i, as other domeftics had ; and his horfe was 
to be kept in the manor ftable. He was next in dignity to the 
-fteward and bailiff. 

The hay harveft was an affair of no great importance. There 
■ were but 30 acres of grafs annually mown at this period. This 
Avas done, or paid for, by the cuftomary tenants. The price of 
mowing an acre was 6d. 

Leafes and rentals muff now continue this detail, as I have no 
more bailiffs accounts, which throw light on fo many particulars 
relative to rural life. But I cannot difmifs them, without re- 
marking, that they are all in Latin, with almoft every fyllable 
abbreviated. But how abfurd was it for a fervant to lay before 
• his miftrefs the long detail of her year's income and expences in 
-a language that was probably equally unintelligible to them both! 
The perfon who audited the account, and whofe fee for it always 
appears as an item, moft likely wrote it out, and explained it to 
the parties. The inconveniences of thus tranfa6ting bufinefs in 

• The perfon, I fuppofe, defigned by Tuficr, where he fays ; 
Grant harvcjl lord more by a peny or two, 
Tc call on his fellows the better to ido. 


Chap. IV.] OF II A W S T E D. ip3 

an unknown tongue muft have been very great, and the peiTons 
interefted muft have often felt themfelves much embarraffed. 
And therefore the countefs of Stafibrd, who died 17 Henry Vt. 
faid with much good fenfe, " I ordeyne and make my tefta- 
" ment in Enghfli tonge, for my moft profit, rcdyng, and un- 
** derftandyng '." 

In 141 o, Sir VViUiam Clopton granted the following leafe : 

Hec indentura teftatur, quod Willielmus Clopton miles concefllr, traciJit, et ad 
finnara dimifit, VValtero Bone de Bury Tandti Edmundi; manerium fuum de Haufted 
juxta Bury in com. SiifFolk, cum omnibus Ibis pertinentibus, ec proficuis predido 
manerio per totum predidum comitatum qualitercunque ipeftaniibus, exccpta advo- 
cacioneecclefie ville de Haufted, una cum wardis, mnritagiis, releviis, et efchaetis ; 
et ialva eidem Willielmo, in manerio pred:do, aula cum cameris, ctquina, domo 
molendini, et uno ftabulo cum duabus cameris, uno gardino juxta aulam, et 
omnibus ftagnis infra predi£lum manerium, cum libero ingreflu et cgreflu pro ie 
et afllgnatis fuis, per totum terminum Tubfcriptum. Habendum et tenendum pre- 
diflum manerium, cum omnibus fuis pertinentibus, exceptis preexceptis, predido 
W'akero et aflignatis fuis, a fefto Pafche proxime futuro, ufque ad terminum et 
finem . . . annorum ex tunc proxime iequentium et plene completorum ; reddendo 
inde annuatim predifto Willielmo aut alFignatis fuis viginti libras legalis monete, 
ad fefta fancti Michaelis arcliangeli, et pafche, equis porcionibus. Et predictus 
Walterus folvet capitalibus dominis feodi fervicia inde debita et confueta, nee non 
fatisfaciet penes dominum regem, et qnofcunque alios, pro omnibus oneribus dido 
manerio per totum terminum fupradiftum quovis modo incumbentibus. Ac etiam 
reparabit et fuilentabit omnes domes et muros predicli maneril in coopertuia ec 
daubura, fumptibus fuis propriis, durante termino predifto; excepto quod non 
reparabit aut fuftentabit aiiquas domos aut muros predido Willielmo et affignatis 
fuis fuperius refervatos. Et predidus Walterus Ipppabit et fhredabit, in predic'io 
manerio, temporibus congruis et fefonalibvis, durance termino predido-, excepto 
quod non loppabit aut (hredabit arbores circa bordara; foflatorum predidi manerii, 
nee fhredabit nee loppabit arbores circa predidum iDanerium, durante termino pre- 
dido. Et quod predidus Walterus recipiet de predido Willielmo, in principio 
^ termini predidi, ftaurum fubfcriptum, videlicet, xx vaccas, etj taurum, pretium 
cujudibet capitis ixs. mi (lortos, pretium cujuflibet capitis xs.; et iDJ boves, 
pretium cujuQibet capitis xnjs. mjd. Predidus Walterus vult, et concedit per 
prcfentes, quod ipfe liberabic, et furfum veddet predido Willielmo, aut affignatis 
luis, totum prediflum ftaurum, in fine termini predidi, aut pretium cujufiibet 
capitis capiendum eft ad electionem predidi Willielmi, aut affignatorum lucrum. 

> Royal Wills, p. 378. 

Co Et 

J 94 HISTORY AND A N T 1 QJJ I T 1 E S [Chnp. IV. 

Et prediftus Walteriis tot acras terre in predifto manevio, in eadem cultiira et fefona 
aratas, feminatas, et compofatas, in fine termini predifii dimittet, ficut eas in prin- 
cipio termini recepit. Et predicftus Willielmus non fe intromitiet de fervientibus 
didi Walteri, nee de cultura terre predifti manerii, durante termino predifto: nee 
perfequetur contra aliquos fervientes vel tenentes ville de Haufted, infra terminum 
predidtum, vel poft, pro aliqua tranfgrefrione facta per diftos fervientes vcl tenentes, 
durante termino predifto. Et prediftus Willielmus habebit ayfiamcnta grangiarum, et 
domorum didti manerii, pro bladis fuis ibidem liberandis ct ejionerandis, cum libero 
ingrefiu& egreffu, pro fe et afiignatis fuis, a fetloPafcheproxime futuro poft datum 
prefentium, ufque ad nativitatem fanifli Joliannis Baptifte tunc proxime feqiiens, 
fine contradictione predifti Walteri, feu cujufdam alterius. Ec predidlus Walterus 
habebit ayfiamenta grangiarum et domorum predidi manerii, pro bladis fuis ibidem 
liberandis et exonerandis, cum libero ingrelTu et egreflu pro ie et affignatis fuis, a 
i'cCio Pafciie infra terminum prediclum, ufque ad feftum nativitatis fandti Johannis 
Baptifte ex tunc proxime fequens, fine contradi6lione predidi Willielmi, feu cujuf- 
cunque alterius. Et fi preditSla firma a retro fuerit in parte vel in toto, ad aliquos 
terminos fupradictos, per quindenam, tunc bene liceat predifto Willielmo, auc 
affionatis fuis, in predifto manerio, cum omnibus pertinentlbus fuis predidis, et in 
qualibet parcella eorundcm, diftringere, et diftriftiones abinde abfugare, afportare, 
et removere, quoufque de arreragiis difte firme plene fuerit fatisfaftum. Et fi pre- 
diifta firma a retro fuerit in parte vel in toto ad aliquos terminos fupradlftos, per 
unum menfem, tunc bene liceat predido Vv'illielmo, aut affignatis fuis, in prediftum 
manerium cum omnibus pertinentlbus fuis, fimul cum omnibus bonis et catallis 
ibidem inventis, reintrare, et in priftino flatu fuo retinere, prcfentl dimiffione ullo 
modo non obfiante. Et ad omnes et fingulas convenciones fupradiftas bene et 
fideliter ex parte difti V/a!teri tenendas et obfervandas, idem Walterus obligat fe et 
heretics ec executores fuos in centum libris legalis monete folvendis eidem Vv''illielmo 
aut executoribus fuis, fi defecerit In premifiis, vel in aliquo premllTorum. Et ad 
omnes et frngulas convenciones fupradidtas bene et fideliter ex parte didi W^illielmi 
tenendas et obfervandas, idem Willielmus obligat (c, heredes ct executores fuos 
in centum libris legalis monete, folvendis eidem Waltero vel executoribus fuis, fi 
defecerit in premiffis, vel in aliquo premiflTorum. In cujus rei teftimonium, hiis 
indenturis partes fupradifte alternatim figilla fua appofuerunt. Datum die Lune in 
fefto fancii Mathie apolloli, anno regni regis Henrici quarti poft conqueilum 

Though the manor, or demefne lands, above demifecl, were 
well underftood by the parties concerned, yet modern curiofity is 
difappointed at not being informed of the number of acres, as 
well as of the rent. The landlord referved to himfelf the 
advowfon of the rccilory, with the wards, marriages, reliefs, and 

efcheats ; 

Chap. IV.] O F H A W S T E D. 195 

efcheats ; befules.the manor-hoiife, M'ith its chambers ', kitchen, 
mill-houfe, a ftable with its chambers, a garden near the houfe, 
and all the ponds. The tenant was to maintain all the houfes 
and walls (except thofe which the landlord relerved tp himfcU") 
in covering and daubing " ; and not lop and flired the trees about 
the borders of the enclofures, nor thole that immediately fur- 
rounded the manor-houfc. He was to receive, at the beginning 
of his term, feveral head of live flock, the price of which was 
fixed, and which he was to deliver up at the expiration of it, or 
their value in money, at the option of the landlord. He was 
alio to leave, at the end of his leafe, as many acres, as well 
ploughed, fown, and manured, as he received at firft. The 
landlord was not to interfere with his tenant's fervants, nor with 
the culture of land ; nor profecute any of thofe fervants, nor 
any tenants of the village, either during, or after the leafe, for 
any trefpalTes committed during that term. If the rent was in 
arrear, either in part, or in the whole, for a fortnight after the 
two days of payment, the landlord might diftrain ; if for a 
month, re-enter and re-poflefs. Each of the parties bound 
themfelves to forfeit lool. upon the violation of any part of the 

What a pidlure of the violence and diforder of the times ! 
What tenant now thinks it neceffary to ftipulate with his landlord, 

' Thefe were probably fervants- rooms, which, as well as the kitchen, were de- 
tached from the houfe, as I believe was not uncommon in former times. 

^ Mod of our inferior houfes, and feveral barns, Sec. have their walls Hill daubed. 
The compofition is a light coloured maris, dug a little below the furface of the 
ground, in feveral parts of the village : it is very tenacious ; and when well kneaded 
with ftraw, and fome additional chalk, forms a compadt mortar, which, if tolerably 
flieltered from the weather, by projefting roofs, and eves-boards, or weather-boards, 
will laft 50 years. Cottages thus plaftered or daubed are warm and comfortable ; 
their walls are not fubject to grow moilt by change of weather -, and, in my opinion, 
look better than thofe in many parts, which are formed of ill-fhapen fragments of 
Hones cemented with a foil that is yearlv crumbling away. 

C c 2 " that 


that he Ihall not interfere with the culture of his farm; nor pro- 
lecute any of his fervants or dependants for any mifdemeanours 
they may commit ? Did the tenant want to fcrcen his hufband- 
men from the juftice of the law, or from the arbitrary violence 
of his landlord ? ' 

Upon how fliort a default of payment might the tenant's pro- 
perty be feized ! and how enormous was the penalty (no lefs 
than five years rent) on either party, upon the infradion of any 
of the articles ! 

The jirohibition of breaking-up paftures, that was never 
omitted in after-times, does not appear from this leafe to have 
been now thought neceffary. The tenant was only bound to 
leave as much and as well-cultivated arable land, as he had 
received. Attention was even now paid to the prcfervation of 

Several rentals, about this time, fpecify rents, but not the 
number of acres. One, however, in 1420, mentions 8 acres 
of arable land let at 6d. an acre. Another, in 142 1, 38 acres, 
at gd. an acre; and a garden at the old rent of los. a year. 
Land Teems not now to have been of more value than it was 
above 80 years ago. Thefe were not the times of improvement. 
In 1448, the hay of an acre was worth 5s. which it muft have 
been in 1359? when an acre of meadow was worth 5s. a year. 

In 149T, the abbot of Bury let two pieces of paiture, con- 
taining together 1 8 acres, to a man and his wife, and their exe- 
cutors, &c. for 80 years, for 6s. 8d. a year, which is about 4 ' d. 
an acre. The tenants were to extirpate ail the thorns growing 
on the faid pall:ures, within the firil: 12 years. And if the rent 
was not paid on the two ufual days, or if all the thorns were not 
extirpated within the time prefcribed, the landlord might re-enter, 
and diftrain the tenants, and all their goods and chatels found 
on the farm, or e/ft'wbere in the village. 


Chap. IV.] OF H A W S T E D. 197 

This leafe marks very ftrongly the languid manner in which 
hufbandry was carried on, at this period. There would, I believe, 
be but little need, in a modern leafe, of a claufe to compel a 
tenant, upon pain of ejecStion, to grub up the thorns in his 
paftures ; the fevered condition he would think would be, not 
to be permitted to do it. The allowance of i 2 years for clearing 
18 acres, feems to befpeak no great alacrity in performing the 
bufinefs. The exadnefs of payment, and the extent of the 
diftraining power, denote a great degree of harllinefs and feverity. 

From this leafe we cannot be furprii'ed, that in 1500, when 
the lands of the manor w'ere meafured, " per virgam vocatam 
" le ftandard, continentem 16 | pedes in longitudine," none of 
them, even thofe about the manor-houfe, which we may pre- 
fume were moft valuable, were let for more than is. 6d. an acre,, 
and only one piece reached that rent. is. 4d. w-as the general 
rate. Pafture and arable land were not diftinguiflied in value,- 
This probably was ow'ing to the increafe of the former ; other- 
wife, svhat was become of the meadows that in 1359 were worth 
5s. an acre? 

In the reign of Henry VIII. (tfie year not fpecified) 31 i- acres 
of arable land were let for is. an acre, and 34 ^ acres of arable 
land, and 4^ acres of meadow, for 42s; which is is. an acre 
for the arable, and aod. for the meadow. 

In 1536, 4 acres of arable land were let for 4s. a year; 
7 acres for 8s.; and Clopton's clofes (about 25 acres), for 20s. 
now for 20I. 

In 1546, 2 acres, 3 roods, of meadow, wx^re let for 14s. a 
year; ^ an acre of meadow for 2s. 6d. ; 3 acres of pafture, foe 
4s. ; and 2 acres of londe (that is arable land), for 2S. 

In 1572, 39 acres, confifting of " londe, meadowe and paf- 
" ture," w^ere let for 2 i years for 4I. 9s. a year, which is about 
2s. 3d. an acre; the landlord referved to himfelf the liberty of 


ipS HISTORY AND A N T I Q^U I T I E S [Chap. 17. 

hawking, baying \ hunting, and fouling; with power to diftrain 
upon default of payment on the ufual days ; and to re-enter 
upon default of a month. The tenant might ftuhb and grubb 
the buHies and briers growdng on the grounds; and eare % break 
up, and put in tillage, all the pafture grounds, except the 
horders about the fame, where there grew either wood or timber; 
and might crop, lop, and flired, fuch trees as had been ufed to 
he cropped, lopped, and flireded, and none other. He w-as alfo 
to lay, and leave the eareable land to pafture, one whole year 
before the end of the leafe. 

The fame year, 14 acres 3 roods were let for 21 years, for 
al. 9s. 2d. a year, which is about 3s. 6d. an acre. Alfo 4 acres 
for 4s. Both leafes with the fame articles as that firit men- 

By thefe leafes, the tenant was left at his liberty, whether he 
would clear his fields from buflies or not. The landlord cove- 
nants and grants, that \\q //jail and 7nay Jlubb, Sic, as if it could 
be a matter of indifference to either party, whether the lands 
were well cultivated, or half .their value loft. 

The refTiridlion that the borders of the fields where timbe- 
grew, fliould not be ploughed up, was very judicious. In thoft 
bufliy belts that were fome yards broad, grew con fiderable quan- 
tities of timber, and that of the heft fort ; as trees that have 
room to extend their branches on all fides, and are expofed to all 
the vicifiitudes of the weather, by ftanding fingle, grow larger, 
and of a more comj^ait texture, than thofe that are crowded to- 
gether in woods. The clearing of thefe borders in modern times, 

' This word, winch occurs only in this leafe, means rabbet-netting. A hay, fays 
Minfhew, is a net to catch conies. And in the Suffolk, Mercury, tor 6 February, 
1720, is advertifed, as loft from a warren in the neighbourhood, *' A rabbet-net, 
called a htiy," 

^ To ear is to plough ; fo ufed in the Englilli tranflacion of the Bible, and other 
.contempor.iry writings. Eareable, in this lealo, is tb- 'me as arable. From the Latin. 


Chap. W.] OF 11 A W S T E D. 199 

will, in my opinion, operate very ftrongly towards the cfecreaie 
of timber. Some raajeftic pollards, and other trees, the pro- 
duce of thefe nurferies, ftill remain at a diftance from the 
hedges, but will never be fucceeded by others, as no foftering 
and proteiling bullies are now left. 

It was no lefs judicious to confine the tenant to lopping and 
llireding fuch trees as had been before lopped and flircded. The 
cuftom, which prevails in many places, of flireding timber trees 
to their very fummits, not only deftroys their beauty, but injures 
their growth : for how can a tree have a large body without 
large limbs ? The pruning of trees, deftined for timber, re- 
quires fo much caution and judgement, that no country gentle- 
man fliould think that operation beneath his attention ; inftead 
of which, it is generally left to the carelefs and unflvilful hand 
of a common labourer, who often, with a lingle ftroke of his 
hook, fpoils a tree that would have been fit for the navy. 

Harrifon ' has accounted for the fcarcity of timber, againft 
which the two laft mentioned leafes guarded fo carefully : and 
Mdiat he fays, fo well illuftrates the period and fubjeft of which 
I am treating, that I truft the reader will not be difpleafed with 
the tranfcript of it. " This fcarfitie at the firft grew, as it is 
" thought, eyther by the induftrie of man, for maintaynance of 
■" tillage, or elfe thorowe the covetoufneffe of fuch as in prer- 
*' ferring of pafture for their Iheep and greater cattell, doe make 
'* fmall account of firebote and tymber : or finally, by the crueltie 
" of the enemies, whereof we have fundrie examples declared 
" in our hiitories." He proceeds thus, a little afterwards. " Al- 
" though I muft needs confelTe, that there is good ftore of great 
" wood or tymber here and there, even now,, in fome. places of. 
*' England, yet in our dayes it is farre unlike to that pkntie 
•' which our auncefters have feene heretofore, when ftately 
" building was lefs in ufe. For albeit, that there were then 

' P. 212. 

** greateri 


*' greater number of mefluages and manfions almoft in every 
" place, yet were their frames fo flite and flender, that one 


meane dwelUng-houfe in our time is able to countervayle very 
" many of them^ if you confider the prefent charge, with the 
" plentie of timber that we beftow upon them. In times paft, 
" men were contented to dwell in houfes, buylded of fallow, 
" willov/, plumme-tree, hardbeamc, and elme, fo that the ufe of 
" oke v/as in a manner dedicated wholy unto churches, religious 
'' houfes, princes palaces, noblemens lodgings, and navigation ; 
" butjiow all thefe are rejected, and nothing but oke any whit 
*' regarded." 

In 1574, 15 acres were let for 21 years, for i8s. 4d. a year, 
which is lefs than I s. 3d. an acre. The tenant was to take only 
two crops together : he was alfo yearly, and every year, during 
the leafe, at his own proper coft and charge, to ftubb, and reaf 
up, all manner of bufhes and thorns upon a certain clofe, taking 
the fluiie in lieu and recompence of his charges, bellowed about 
making clean the faid clofe. 

In 1575, the landlord was to receive in part of rent, three cart 
loads of barley ftraw, good, fweet, and well ended. The laft 
term is ftill ufed for inned, houfed. 

In 1577, 21 acres in the tozvne, fylds, and hamlets', of Haw- 
fted, were let for 21 years, for il. us. 8d. a year, which is 
about IS. 6d. aa acre. The tenant was to ftubb and reat up the 
thorns, as before. 

It was the fame landlord. Sir William Drury, that granted 
the three laft mentioned leafes; and by them it fliould fcem, 
as if he thought it neceffiry that fome better management 
fhould take place in his eftate. For the tenants have it not now 
in their option, whether they will ftubb up the bullies, or not ; 
the landlord does not covenant and grant, that they Jhall and maf; 
but the tenants covenant and grant that they ivill', to which they 


Chap. IV.] OF II A W S T E D. 201 

are encouraged by having the buflies for their trouble. The 
bufinefs however did not promife to be done in a very hulbandlike 
manner, as it w^s to be repeated annually. 

Thefe particulars may be thought too minute ; but they mark 
ftrongly the ftate of hufbandry two centuries ago. 

In 1580, the enclofed ground called t/je nezv Park ', with a 
meffuage called t&e Lodge therein, Langhedge meadow, with a 
dole called the hlorfe-pafure, the Ox-barn^ at Haw/led Houfey 
witli a chamber there, called the Mill-boTfe * chamber, the cai tcr's 
ftable, and the carter's chamber, v/ithout the outermolt gate- 
houfe, were let, for 10 years, for 5 61. i8s. twenty good and 
able loads of barley-ftraw, and twenty combs of oats, a year ; 
a fine of 50I. being paid before the execution of the leale. 
The landlord might re-enter, and repoffefs, upon 20 days 
default of payment, the rent being legally demanded. I'he 
tenant was to pay 8s. for the tajke ^, as often as it fliould become 

' Harrifon fpeaks with indignation of the incrcafing number of parks, in his time, 
as inimical to tillage and population. " Certes, if it be not. one curfe of the Lorde 
" to have our countrey converted in fuch forte from the furniture of mankinde, 
*' into the walkes and fhrowdes of v/y!de beaftes, I know not what is any." p. 205. 
* In 1410, as wc have feen, the landlord rcferved to himfelf the 7«/7/-^^i7/t'. Thele 
were formerly no uncommon appendages of a great houfe. Barnaby Googe, in his 
" Whole Art and Trade of Hufbandry," printed 1586, gives this account of a 
hoiife-mill : " when as in a great houfe, there is great need of corn milles, and the 
" common milles being farre off", the way foule, and I at mine own libertie to grind 
*' at home, or where I lift [which fometimes the principal lords would not fufter], 
*' thinking to make a mille here at home, when neither place nor authority will 
" ferve me to build either a water-mille, or a wind mille ; and a querne^ or a hand- 
*' Kiilk, doth but little good ; and to build a horfe-mille were more troublefonie : 
■*' when I faw the tvheels, that they ufed to draw water, turned with iijfcs, sr vicn, I 
*• thought in the like fort, the wheel of a mill might be turned, and after this forr 
*' devifed I this engine, -which a couple of alTes, guided by a boy, d<f-eajily ttirn; and 
" make very fine n>eal, fufficient for mine own houfe, and mod times for my; 
•* neighbours, whom I fufter to grind toll-free." p. 10. 

This mill was in a back-houfe, and faid to be a new-fafhioned one. 

^ Tajie means tax ; it is elfewhere called, take. Shakfpearc, in the firft part of. 

Henry IV. has,. tajk'd the whole flate. And Holinlhed, p. 422. " There, 

" was a new and ftrange fubfidie or taJke granted to be levied for the king'^ ufe." 
Steevens's note. ' ■• - • 

D d due; 


due ; to have fufficient/'r^-<5oo/^, plough-boote^ carte-bootey harrow- 
boote, and bedge-boote ; and be diicharged from the payment of 
all manner of tithes. 

The provifo of the legal demand of rent, previous to diftrain- 
ing, occurs only in this, and one other leafe, this reign. It 
was a claufe very favourable to the tenant, as it fecured him from 
any fudden exertion of his landlord's power. The tenant was 
exempted from the payment of tithes ; not that this park had 
fvich exemption ; but probably becaufe the patron, from ms 
influence and authority, could make a better compofvtion with 
the re6lor, than the tenant could ; an ancient, difingenuous 
cuffcom, not yet every where abolifhed. 

Here were feveral hop-yards^ as they were called, at leaft as 
early as the year 1581, as appears by a furvey of the manor 
then taken : in 161 6, one near the place ., containing i| acre, was 
valued at 2I. a year. 

The cultivation of hops had been introduced into England in 
the reign of Henry VIII. and feems to have been early attended 
to in this county : for Bullein, who wrote " his Bulwarke of 
<* Defence," in the middle of the 1 6th century, mentions their 
growing at Brufiard, near Framlingham, and in many other 
parts. And in '* his Government of Health," he fays, " though 
" there cometh many good hops from beyond fea, yet it is 
" known, that the goodly t?///^?^ and fruitful grounds of England 
** do bring forth, to man's vife, as good hops as groweth in any 
** l^lace in this world, as by proofe I know, in many places in 
" the countie of Suffolke, whereas they brew their beere with 
** the hops that groweth upon their own grounds." And from 
the manner in which Tufler, who was a Suffolk farmer, about 
the fame time, mentions them, and from the frequent directions 
he gives about their management, I fhould fuppofe, that almoft 
every perfon, who had a proper fpot, cultivated fome at leaft 
for his own ufe : 


Chap. IV.J O F H A W S T E D. 203 

Meet plot for a hop-yard onct found, as I told, 
Make thereof account, as of jewel of gold. 

<« There are few farmers or occupiers in the countrie," fays 
Harrifon, " which have not gardens and hops growing of their 
" owne, and thofe farre better than do come from Flanders unto 
** us '." This crop has not been cultivated here for many years. 

It appears alfo by the above furvey, to how great a degree the 
lands were negle<5led ; pieces of terra et pajiura dumofa et bojcalis, 
continually occuring, and fome of them in the lord's own hands. 

In 1589, 24 acres were let for ti years, for 41s. 8d. a year, 
nearly is. 9d. an acre. The tenant was to pay takes^ fifteenths, 
tenths, and the tithes. 

By an inquifition taken at Bury, 24 Sept. this year, it appears, 
that 40 acres of meadow and pafture, in this village, were worth 
lol. a year, which is 5s. an acre ; and that wheat was 8s. a 
comb, barley 6s. 8d. and rye 5s. 

At the fame time, the farm called Hazvjled Hall was let for 
aol. a year, 20 combs of wheat, 10 of oats, and 3 loads of 
wheat ftraw. 

In 1593, the court-yard, being the hafecourt of the place, 
or capital manlion-houfe ; the bozvling yard, and banks ^ lying 
near the faid houfe ; the orchard, which by an old map appears 
to have been 1 1 acres ; the clofe, or walk, called the borje-walk ; 
the cb'y^.Z'OZ^/"^; the hog-yard; the paftures, feedings, and grounds, 
within the walls of the faid houfe; the old park, with \.\\q lodge. 
See. therein ; were let for 3 years, for 40I. a year, with power 
to re-enter, and re-poirefs, upon 20 days default of payment. 
The landlord referved to himfelf the capital houfe, the moat, 
and all other waters, and their fiflieries ; the pafturage, and 

' P. no. 

*■ Thefe were the terraffes formed by the earth thrown out of the moat. 

D d 2 walk 

204 HISTORY AND A N T I Q_U 1 T I E S ' [Chap. IV. 

walk of two geldings ', and of 50 deer, male and female, 
whereof 6 to be bucks ; and the liberty of taking brick from 
the clamp to repair the capital houfe. The tenant was to pay- 
yearly, to the parfon of the chmxh, one buck, and one doe % in 
feafon, for and in the name of the tithe, payable out of the 
demefne lands of the manors of Havvfted, Tal mage's, and Buck- 
enham's. He was alfo to pay and deliver at the capital houfe, 
all the corn and grain that Ihould grow or renew on any of the 
grounds during the leafe, if any lb be. He was to have to his 
own proper ufe all the deer in the park, except thofe before 
referved. He was to keep the park-pale, and the buildings, in 
repair, bing allowed timber for the fame : he was to cherifh; 
and maintain the fruit-trees in the orchard ; to break up none 
of the paftiu'es ; nor to affign over any part of the lands he had 
hired, except by his laft will. 

The prohibition of breaking up paftures feems to be repeated 
in this leafe ; in one claufe it is exprefled, though without any 
penalty annexed ; in another it feems to be implied, in 
the landlord's taking all the corn, if there fhould be any. 
Tbis prohibition was particularly necelTary about this period, 
when the exceffive exportation of corn had raifed it to an 
immoderate price ^ The farmer, tempted with this profpetft 

' Thele were for his own riding ; as horfes for draught were generally kept floned. 
See p. 186. " Geldings" fays Harrifoi^, " are now growne to be very dere among us, 
" cfpecially if they be well coloured, juftly lymmed, and have thereto an eafie 
*' ambling pace. For our countrimen, leeking their eafe in every corner, where it 
" is to be had, delight very much in thefe qualytits, but chiefly in their excellent 
" paces, which, befides that it is in manner peculiar unto hories of our foyle, and 
*' not hurtful to the rider or owner, fitting on their backs ; it is moreover very 
" pleafaunt and deleft able in hys eares, in that the noyfe of theyr well-proportioned 
" pafe doth yceld comfortable founde, as he travclleth by the vvaie." p. 220. 

* This was a common compofition for the tithe of a park, and continues ftill in 
many places •,. as at Hengrave, In this neighbourhood. 

3 See Chron. Pret. And in 1598, when the county compounded for the provifions 
to be delivered for the royal houlehold, wheat was rated at 408, a quarter. 

I of 

Ghap.lV.] O F H A W S T E D. 205 

of gain, v/ould, if not prevented, have broken up alibis paftures, 
and facriiiced the certain profits of his grafs-grounds to the ever 
more precarious ones of tillage, and which -would in a great 
meafure have ceafed, when foreign demands flackened.. 

The humane attention to the tenant's family, in cafe of his 
death, by empowering him to aliign the farm, by his laft will^ 
fliould not pafs unnoticed, at a period, when people in low life 
appear not to have been fo much confidered by their fuperiorsj- 
as they are at prefent '. And in this inftance the indulgence is 
the more remarkable, as it is not likely that the tenant fliould: 
lay out much money on his farm, for fo fliort,a leafe. 

The fame year, 1593? a piece of ground called- the Long^- 
Lawne^'i containing 67 acres, 3 roods — the Little Lawne, iq-,, 

acres, i rood — a grove q2i\\q(\ Elming Grove, 23 acres, 3 roods, 

a little lazvne by it, 1 2 acres, 2 roods — Oakley wood, with the./ 
ponds and waters leading up to the garden, 44 acres, 3. roods — ^■ 
grounds and lawnes towards Bury, 59 acres — a piece of ground, 
called the Little Harpe, 3 acres, 5 roods — in all, 231 acres, 3, 
roods, being parcels of land within or ntzr Hawjied Park, called 
7i\io the great Park \ were let for three years, for 57I. 13&. 9d.. 
a year, which is nearly 5s. an acre. Alfo a piece of pafture, 
called Bricklefield, 62 acres, 2 roods; and a wood, lying therej;,. 
called Kow Wood, 13 acres, 3 roods ; in all 76 acres, 1 rood °: 
were let at the fame time, and to the fame perfon, for 1 61. a 
year, which i? above 4s. 3d. an acre. The tenant was to have 
all the wood and trees that fliould fall, or be blown down, or: 

' A tenant may now, by law, dcvife his leafe. 

* In a rental of this manor, made in 1500, mention is made of 9 acres in campov 
vccato le lawnde ; and fb this word was pronounced by Shakfpsdre_, and hi; 
cotemporarics ; ^' ' 

Under this thick grown brake we'll fiiroud onrfelves, 
For through this latmd anon the deer will come; 

Hid Part of Henry YI. Aft III. Sc.l. 
It was properly an unciiled plain, extended between woods. Steevens's note™. 

5o6 HISTORY AND A N T I QJJ I T I^E S [Chap. 17. 

leane down, by the winds and tempeft; and if he fliould ftubb 
' 01' pull up any bulhes growing on his grounds, for cleanfmg the 
fame, he was to have fuch i")art of them for his trouble, as 
iftiould pleafe his landlord. The landlord was to keep hirfl 
harmlefs from all damages and eofts of fuit, which he might 
fuftain for default of payment of tithe or herbage. And if 
the tenant broke up, and fowed with corn, any part of his 
grounds, the landlord was to have and take one half of the 
corn growing thereon. 

In 1 599, diitraining upon default of payment was not to take 
place till 30 days, and then only if the rent had been lawfully 
demanded. — It is pleafing to note thefe gradual advancements of 
forbearance and lenity. 

Land, from the above ilatement of its rents, feems to have 
increafed but little in its value, this long and profperous reign. 
Even the paftures of the park, towards the clofe of it, had only 
reached the rent of meadows 200 years before. 

From the negledl of paftures, which, at different times, 
^neither the landlord nor the tenant feem to have been in earneft 
in clearing from buflies ; tillage was probably chiefly attended 
to, and that too with good fuccefs, if we may believe Harrifon, 
who publi filed his defcription of Britain in 1577 : he fays, that 
in ordinary years, each acre of wheat, one with another, through- 
out the kingdom, if well tilled and dreffed, would yield 20 
bufhels; of I:)arley, 36 ; of oats, and fuch like, 5 quarters. 
And Tufler, who wrote fome time before him, fays the fame ; 
for he thus divides corn harveft into ten equal parts : 

1. One part caft fonh for rent due out of hand. 

2. One other part for feed to fow thy land. 

3. One other part leave parfon for his tith. 

4. Another part for harveft, fickle, and fith. 

5. One 

Ghap. IV.] OF H A W S- T E D. 20^. 

5:. One part for ploughwrite, cartwrite, knacker ', and fnuth. 

6. One part to uphold ihy teems that draw therewith. 

7. Another part for fcrvant and workman's wages laic. 

8. One part likewife fer filbcllie daie by dale. 

9. One part thy wife for needful things doth crave. , 
lo. Thy felf and thy child the hfl: part would have. 

The tenfold produce of the feed fown, is about the avarage of 
modern crops ; fo that in this rcfpedl, agriculture has been much 
tvie ianie for luo centuries. rhe great advantage which the 
farmer of the prefent time has over his predeceffoi , in the 1 6th. 
century, is derived from turneps and clover, whicli are cultivated'i 
in ibme parrs, and beans in. others : fo that, ftridly fpeaking^ a: 
good farmer's arable land is fcarcely ever fallov/, or unprofitable, 
to him : whereas, in the old hufbandry, the land, every third 
year, when it did not bear corn, bore nothing. 

In 1603, Hawfled Hall^ or manor-houfe, with 126 acres of,, 
land, fituate. in the towne and fields of Hawfted, were let to 
William Crofts, efq; of Bury St.. Edmvind's, for 11 years, for. 
40I. and 10 combs of oats a year, which is about 6s. 8d. an . 
acre. The landlord referved to himfelf the liberty of keeping- 
courts in the houfe ; with power of re-entry upon 28 days, 
default of payment, or upon any of the grounds being affigned S 
to another. It was covenanted, that no paftures Aiould be broken.;, 
up, but no penalty was^ annexed. 

Ixw^WyXh^dairy-houfe^ fituate on the weft fide of the out- 
ward coiut-yard of the chief houfe called HawJJed Houfe^ a bar-ny 
Sec. a garden,- feveral utenfils of houfehold, the ufe of the., 
brewing and baking-houfes at the chief houfe, with five parcels, .. 
of Hawfted park, containing together 155 acres, were let for- 
3 years for 85 1. 5s. a year, which is near us. an acre* The 

'Knacker is ftill a Suffolk word, for the perfon who inakcs harjrefs, collars, .and' 
leather turniture in general for the farmer. 

landlord . 

^o8 H 1 S T O R:y A N. D A N T I Q U I T i E S [CFiap,m 

landlord refei-.veii to liirafelf. the liberty of fupplant'mg^ rcmovino-, 

or taking awayj^ any of the fick am ore-trees ', rofe-trees % or 

. artichokes % then growing in the faid dairy-garden. The tenant 

could not affign the farm but tp his wife or, children, and to 

rthofe only by his laft.wil.l,: and if he broke up, and fowed, any 

of jthe paflmes, he w:as to forfeit \\ of the .crop.. He was,, to 

:the"{itmc5ft of his power, to preferve, and dlierifii up, the trees 

p.nd plnnto, in the gardon or orrhard. and the' frime garden well' 

plant with licrbs. ' He was to pay 40s. if he killed any. deer tliat 

fhou'ld break inio^ his' fields: he was not to .keep'. any ftpned 

horfe loofe, Uild at liberty ; nor joift any mares, geldings, or 

-colts, , for a fhorter titiie than the whole fummer ; nor convert 

intP hay-ground a fpecified pafture. The landlord difcharged 

him 'from pay ihg all fifteenthsV tentlis, taxes, and fublidies,''due 

out of the demifed' lands ;' as alio all tentlis due to the inciirh* 

bent of the reftof y. 

In the fchedule of the utenfils in the milk houfej are Ta^w- 
tiontd t\vo cheefe'-^ feds "^y and two evangele^ffah -. In 

' Thoiigh the, fickf more-tree thrives fo vvell, apd is now fo common in England^ 
yet it certainly is not a native. " It is a ftranger," fays Gerarde, who wrote in 
1597, " in Englatid, only it groweth in the walks and places of pleafiire of noble- 
" men, where it is efpecially planted for the fhadow fake.'' It is a native of Swit- 
zerland. Thofe now mentioned muft have been nujfery plants, and probably were, 
the firft feen in thefe parts. '"■'"" ' 

* The rofe-trees were probably of the fcarcer kinds. Sir Richard Wellon, who 
wrote 40 years after this, fays, " we have red rofes from France." 

^ Evelyn, in his Aceraria, written in 1699, fays of the artichoke, " 'tis not 
"very long fince this noble thidle came firft into Italy, improved into this mag- 
*' nitude by culture, and fo rare in England, that they were commonly fold for 
*' crowns apiece." 1 hey were introduced, however, long before this into our 
gardens; for in Gerarde there is a print of the globe kind, which he calls, cinara 
maxima Anglica, and mentions the different ways of drefiing it. By the attention 
paid them in this leafe, they were certainly, at that time, efteemed rarities. 

* Cheefebreds are Cheefeboards ; as the pax-board, that ufed to be kiffed in token 
•of peace and amity, was fometimes called the pax-bred. So alfo " a new bred to 
*.' give othys upon, made of wainfcoaic''' (for there were filver breds) occurs in 
Hiftory of Norfolk, vol. IF. p. 609. 

^ Evangektt (Evangelifts) Fatts were, I apprehend, fo called, from being charged 


Chap. IV.] OF H A W S T E D. eog 

In 1615, the hovifes, barns, and lands, c^iWed Haw/led Pm'i^ 
were let for i 2 years, at thefe rents ; every acre, not ploughed, 
and meafured to the tenant, 9s.; every acre of meadow, 17s. 
a year ; and every acre of arable ground (which after the fir ft 
two years were to be 70) half the corn that fliould grow on the 
fame.. The landlord referved to himfelf the walk of 10 deer, 
in the park, with liberty to hunt and take them ; and, befides 
the ufaal power of entering upon the lands with carts and horfes 
to carry away timber, was to have a paffage over them with 
coaches '. The tenant was to be difcharged from tithes, for 
which he was to pay his landlord 40s. a year, on Lammas-day : 
he was to be allowed, by the next tenant, half the expences he 
fliould incur, for locks and keys, hooks, hinges, and glafs- 
windows '. And upon the violation of any of the covenants, 


with the images of thofe faints, whicli were to be imprinted on the cheefes. The 
War\vick(hire, and particularly the fage cheefes made in Gloucefterfhire, have ftill 
fometimes various devices on them. Almoft every thing belonging to our anceftors 
bore fome religious imprefs. The npojlle fpoons, formerly prelented at chridenings, 
and fo called from having the figures of the apoftles at their ends, are jnot all yet 
melted down. Mr. Gough has what might be called an evafigelet fpoon, widi the 
figure of St. Mark's lion on the top of "the handle. Mr. Pennant, in his Journey 
to Snowdon, p. 287. mentions the waijfajl cup of the apojile, whom probably, adds 
that ingenious tr;iveller, they invoked at the time of drinking. It bcre probably 
the name, or figure, of the faint. A ftanding cup, called the michell; and a broad 
ivhitejiat pece, having a michell, were among cardinal Woliey's plate. Coll. Cur. vol. 
II. p. 303. And I have a fac-fimile of a lady in monumental brafs, whofe fantaftic 
head-drefs, of the reign of Edward IV. is charged with. ILaD^- • • • ^ 3Icf" i^crcp. 

' This is the firft tmie thefe carriages are mentioned. They were as yet rare in 
the country. They are fuppofed to have been firft introduced into England by the 
earl of Arundel, in 1580. 

^ This is the firft claufe refpefting glafs windows; a luxury, probably, but juft 
now introduced into farm- houfes here. In 15^7, though glafs was then much niore 
common than it had been, yet was it ftill luch a rarity, that the ft:eward of the 
earl of Northumberland thought it advifeable, that becaufe the glafs of the windows 
of my lord's caftles and houfes through extreme winds did decay and wallc, the 
fame Ihould be taken out and laid up fafe, during; his lordiliip's abfence. In 1661, 
when Mr. Ray was in Scotland, the windows of the ordinary country houfes there 
were nox glazed ; and only the upper parts of even thofe in the king's palaces had 

« I'robablv Jitlpt, 

E e glafs i 


for which no powef of re-entry was given, was to forfeit three 
times the value of the damage fo incurred. 

In 1 6 1 6, when a furvey of tlie manor was taken, the demefne 
lands confifred of 306 | acres of pafture and arable land, and 
38 \ of meadow, in all 405 ^, and were valued at 349I. a year, 
which is above 12s. an acre. 39 \ acres of wood were valued 
at 12I. a year, wdiich is about 6s. an acre. 

The Hall Farm confiited of 175 acres (8 ^ of which were 
meadow) and was valued at 91I. 7s. id. which is about i os. an 

Great Pipefs farm confided of i 38 ^ acres (8 | of which were 
meadow) and was valued at 50I. a year, which is about 7s. an 

Some pieces of meadow and pafture, near the principal man- 
iion, were rated at more than a guinea an acre. 

The timber (called in a furvey made in 1581, grojja arbor es 
mearemn) on the manor was valued at 1480I. i os. 

Among the demefne lands was a piece of 9 acres, called the 
Tarrock. This was formerly a fenced place, in which was a 
dog-houfe, and where deer were kept in pens, for the courfe. 
The fpot was to be a mile long, and a quarter broad, and nar- 
rower at one end than the other '. In t 58 1, it was called le Pok 
(perhaps from its lliape) and faid to be, palis inclujus^ in fins 
boreali parci. It is now known by the name of the Paddock^ and 
confifls partly of wood, and partly of arable land. 

In 1 620, Bryefs Wood Par m was let for 21 years, for 15I. a 
year. Upon breaking up and fowing any of the paftures, their 

glafs ; the lower ones having two wooden fhutter?, to open atpleafure, and admit 
the frefh air. Itin. p. 187, 188. And in lome of the dillant parts of the kingdom 
I have, within a few years, obferved, that feme of not the worll cottages are not 
yet provided with glafs windows ; a comfort, which the pooreft houfe in this village 
has long enjoyed. 
) See ample direiftions for this fport, in Dif^ionar. Ruftic. 

5 "whole 

Chap. IV.] OF HA W S T E D. ttt 

whole produce was to be forfeited. All the compoft, muck, and 
marlc, that fliould arife on the farm, was to be bellowed upon: 
forae part of it : and at the Chriftmas before the end of the 
leafe, the landlord might enter and plough the funimer-tilth 
lands, allowing the tenant 3s. 6d. an acre for them. 

The fame year, a clofe called Upper Lifmer, next Whepfted, 
containing 20 acres, was let for 10 years, for lol. a year. The 
tenant might ftubb up the buflies, and plough and fow the whole, 
for the firft 5 years, and was to lay it down with gra'fs, the lad 5, 
in the beft and moft hufbandly falhion. He was not to cut 
and plafli the quickfets, but at feafonable times ; and was to lay 
the hedges after the moft hufbandly failiion. 

This is the iaft time we hear of flubbing up buflies : rent of 
land was now become too ferious an affair for the tenant, though 
not bound by covenants, to fuffer them to reign undillurbed. 
To eradicate them entirely was referved for a future period. 

In 1625, 20 acres were let for 18 years, for 61. 13s. 4d. a 
year, which is 63. 8d. an acre. Five years before the end of 
the leafe, one-third of the arable land was to be laid, and kept 
to pafture. 

This period, from 1603, the peaceful reign of James I. flands 
confpicuous for an aflonifliing and unequalled increafe of the 
value of land. The rents are now more than double of what 
they were even at the clofe of the Iaft reign : yet in that the 
foundation of their prefent advance muft have been laid ; and in 
many parts of the kingdom the advance muft then have aflually 
taken place; for in 1593, wheat might be exported, when it 
did not exceed 20s. a quarter; whereas in 1563, it was not to 
exceed los. In 1624, wheat might be exported when it did not 
exceed 32s. a quarter. 

That the rents of land in this village were not advanced to 
any confiderable degree, during the reign of Elizabeth, mull 

E e 2 have 


have beea owing to the indolence or indulgence- of an opulent 

landlord, who did not feize the earliefl: opportunity of increaiing 

his revenue. That great advances fnuft^have been made in other 

jjarts, is evident, as has been juft obferved, from the different 

prices, at which wheat might be exported in an interval of only 

30 years, from 1563 to 1593. Harrifon, who publirned his 

defcription of Britain during that period, has noticed the caufe 

of this revolution : " certainly," fays he, " the foyle is eten now 

*' in thefe our dayes, growne to bee muche more fruitefull, than 

" it hath been in times paft. The caufe is, that for our 

*' countriemen are growne to be more payneful, fkilful, and 

" careful, thorowe recompence of gayne\ infomuch that my 

*' fynchroni, or time felowes, can reap at thys prefent great 

" commoditye in a lyttle roume ; whereas of late yeares, a 

" great compafie hath yeeldcd but fmall profitc, and thys onlye 

" thorowe the idle and negligent occupation of fuch as manured, 

^* and had the fame in occupying '." , He has elfewhere re- 

rnarked the improved condition of the farmer, and embclliflied 

the paffage with fuch lively ftrokes of rural charader, and 

economy, that I cannot forbear tranfcribing it ; " So common 

*' were all forts of treene vefTels in old time, that a man Ihould 

*' hardly find four pieces of pewter (of which one peradventure 

" was a falte) in a good farmer's houfe ; and yet, for all this 

*' frugality (if it may fo be juftly called) they wxre fcarce able 

*' to live, and pay their rents, at their days, without felling of 

*' a cow, or a horfe, or more, although they paid but four 

*' pounds at the uttermoft, by the year \ Such alfo was their 

" poverty, that if fome one od farmer or hufbandman had been 

at the alchoufe, a thing greatly ufed in thofe days, amongft 


' r. 109. 

* This, fays the marginal note, was in the time of general idlcncfs. 

" fix 

Chap. IV.] OF H A W S T E D. 213 

*' fix or feven of his neighbours, and there, in a bravery, to 
" lliew what ftore he had, did call down his jjurfe, and therein 
" a noble, or iix fliilHngs in filver, unto them, it was very Hkely 
" that all the reft could not lay down fo much againft it. Whereas, 
" in my time, although peradventure four pound of old rent be 
" improved to forty or fifty pound, yet .will the farmer think 
*' his gains very fmall toward the midft of his term, if he have 
*' not fix or feven years rent lying by him, therewith to purchafe 
*' a new: leafe ; befides a fair garnifti of pewter on. his ccwbord, 
*' three or four feather-beds, fo many coverlets, and carpets of 
*' tapeftry, a filver falte, a bowle for M'ine (if not a v.'hole neft) 
" and a dozen of fpoons, to furnifli up the fute. This alfo he 
** taketh to be his own clear ; for what flock foever of money 
*' he gathereth in all his years, it is often feen, that the land- 
" lord will take Ibch order with him for the fame, when he 
" reneweth his leafe (which is commonly eight or ten years 
" before it be expired, fith it is now grown almoft to a cuftom, 
<' that if he come not to his lord fo long before, another fliaU 
<' ftep in for a reverfion, and fo defeat him, outright) that it 
** fliall never trouble him more than the- hair of his beardr,! 
" when the barber hath walhed and fliaven it from his chin '." 
Tuffer, who wrote in the fame reign, talks alfo of fines, and 

high rents : 

Great fines fo neere did pare me, . . , , 

Great rent fo nuich did ficare me. 
Though country health long ftaid me, 
Yet leafe expiring fraid me. 
So by the leafe of 1580, recited above, it appears that the 
landlord received a fine of 50I. upon granting it. 

In 1627, 9 I acres were let for twelve years, for 3I. los. a 
year, which is rather above 7s. an acre; and 39 acres for 20 1. 

' P. 189. 



which is about los. 4.6. an acre; the whole wa's in threS pieces, 
called /^^ Lifmers, The tenant was not to plough any of the 
lands, except for the firft feven years ; after which, the whole 
was to be laid to pallure, upon penalty of 5I. for every acre not 
fb laid. .^^"i: ■ 

In 1628, the houfe called tbe Dairy, and 341 acres i rood, 
in 7 pieces, chiefly pafture, being part of the great park, be- 
longing to the chief houfe called Hazvjied Place, were let for 7 
years, for 137I. 8s. 9d. a year, which is about 8s. an acre." 
The tenant, if he broke up, and fowed any of the paftures, 
was to forfeit the v/ho!e crop. He might crop and lop fuch 
pollards ' as had before been cropped and lopped. 

The fame year, 112 acres, part alfo of the great park, lying 
in the parifli ^ of Hawfted, were let for 6 years, for 61I. is. 7d. 
a year, which is about iis. an acre. The'tenant, upon break- 
ing up and fowing any of the paftures, W' as to forfeit 5s. yearly 
for every rood fo broken up. 

In 1633, 62 acres, 2 roods, were let for 21 years, for 42I. 
15s. 3d. a year, which is about 13s. 8d. an acre. The tenant 
had liberty to break up and fow o^ly 2 \ acres, and that only for 
the firii 11 years. 

In 1635, 92 acres, parcels of the great park, were let for 21 
years, for 49I. is. 7d. a year, which is about los. 8d. an acre. 
The tenant was to forfeit 40s. a year, additional rent, for every 
acre of pafture which he fliould plough and fow. 

In 1636, 57 acres were let for 10 years, for 29I. 8s. 6d. a 
year, which is about ids. 4d. an acre, with the fame penalty 

' This is the firft time this word occurs. In 1632, are mentioncJ all fuch trees, 
pollards and hiifbands as bear tops for fireing. 

* I'his, I think, is the firft time that any deed in my poflefilon ufes this word. 
The Latin term is villa : and in Englifti deeds-, the lands are defcribed as lying in 
the town, townftiip, and fields of Hawfted. Anciently, a diftridlj when confidcred 
ecclefiaftically, was called apivi/h-, when civilly, a ^77/, or toivti. But the word 
parijtj is now fo generally uled, that the diflindlion is nearly loft. 


Cl-np.IV.]' OF H A W S T E D. 215 

upon breaking up paftures, as in the laft. 16 cait loads of muck 
were to be laid yearly on fome of the arable lands; and the great 
cattle foddered in winter with hay, en the palhirts. 

In 1658, the Hall Farm w^s let for 1 1 years, for 1 1 J-^1. a year. 
Upon 28 days default of payment, the demife was either to be 
void, or the landlord might diftrain at bis option. The tenant 
might not aflign the farm to any perfon whatever ; and was 
to forfeit 40s. a year for every acre of paflure which lie Ihould 
break up. 

In all thefe leafes from 1603, diftrefs was to take place upon 
28 days default of payment, without the previous legal demand 
of the rent ; a provifo that had been admitted in the reign of 
Elizabeth, and which was fo favourable to the tenant, that it 
Ihould feem, by the omiffion of it, as if the landlord wiilied 
to keep him in perpetual terror. In oppofition to this mult be 
fet the humane claufe, that empowered the tenant to aflign, by 
his lafl will, his farm to his wife or children, or his executors 
for the performance of his will : an indulgence, which I fup- 
pofe was often found fo detrimental to the eftate (for who can 
fay, ^lales fint pucri^ qualijque futura fit uxor f) that it was 
denied in 1658, and never afterwards granted '. The tenants 
were in general to pay all the town charges; and repair the build- 
ings, being allowed timber for that purpofe ; as well as wood 
for fireing, and for implements of hufbandry. 

In 1682, the following wages of fervants and labourers ii> 
hufbandry, were rated and appointed by the juftices of the 
peace, at their quarter feffions, holden at the neigbouring 
town of Bury St. Edmund's, 34 April. 

Wages by the year. A 2d hind or hufbandman, or /. s, d. 

h s. d. common fervanc above 18 

A baylifFe in hufbandry —600 years of age — — 3 10 o 

A chief