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Full text of "The ... biennial report"

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Field Museum of Natural History 
Report 1969 - 1970 



In his recent work, Reason Awake, Rene Dubos, the distinguished 
biologist, wrote, "There is no way for mankind to retreat from reason 
or from science; but this does not mean that mankind must continue 
on the road that it is now following. Trend is not destiny." Dubos 
was referring to the precipitous and destructive course which has 
been pursued by mankind in the current scientific-technological age, 
yet referring hopefully to the opportunity man still has for creative 
effort to terminate, and even reverse, the deterioration of the bio- 
sphere which we all occupy. Man slowly and painfully is coming to 
the realization that his future depends on a rational accommodation 
with nature and the ecological laws that govern it, rather than the 
now discredited attempts to conquer nature. As this adjustment in 
our life patterns occurs, the bank account of scientific knowledge that 
has been accumulated by man becomes the capital for our future. It 
is this bank account to which Field Museum, in company with other 
museums of its type, has been contributing during its entire history. 
The understanding of man and his natural world has been the core of 
Field Museum's program from the Museum's founding day. 

In succeeding sections of this report this Museum's current con- 
tribution to man's understanding of his world is narrated — ranging 
from studies of meteorites that may help to cast light on the origin 
of the earth to studies of parasitic flies of potential importance to 
medical zoology. No one institution, or type of institution or study, 
will keep our bank account of scientific knowledge supplied. Certain 
it is, however, that the collections of Field Museum, their study, and 
the broad public educational programs flowing from them are critical. 

Dubos' words carry a particular and poignant significance for 
Field Museum, an institution dedicated to both reason and science. 
The institutions created by man, as well as man himself, sometimes 
unconsciously accept trend for destiny. Predestination, defined by 
Webster as the "... doctrine that all events throughout eternity have 
been foreordained by divine decree or purpose ..." is a comfortable, 
but risky, way of life. The Board and staff have in recent years been 
trying to build Field Museum's destiny, not drift toward it. 

1 



Recognizing the increasingly difficult financial problem faced by 
the Museum, and all non-profit institutions in the United States 
today, major efforts have been dedicated to strengthening our finan- 
cial base. Many friends of Field Museum responded generously. 
Our membership grew from 15,300 to 19,342. The two-year period 
under review brought to the Museum gifts for operating purposes 
one-third greater than in the preceding biennium. Gifts for capital 
purposes were $819,000 greater than in the preceding period. The 
largest corporate gift in the history of the Museum was made in 
late 1970 by the Standard Oil (Indiana) Foundation which granted 
$500,000 over a five-year period. The gift will be applied toward 
Field Museum's capital improvement program. Other particularly 
generous gifts were received from the following individuals: Mr. and 
Mrs. Bowen Blair, Joseph N. Field, Mrs. John L. Kellogg, Mrs. 
Clive Runnells, Mr. and Mrs. John M. Simpson, Mr. and Mrs. 
Edward Byron Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith, Mr. 
and Mrs. Solomon Byron Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Jack C. Staehle, 
Mrs. David W. Stewart, Mr. and Mrs. Chester Dudley Tripp, 
Women's Board of Field Museum, Mr. and Mrs. Philip K. Wrigley; 
corporations: International Harvester Co., Marshall Field & Co. 
Foundation, The Northern Trust Co., Sears, Roebuck & Co.; and 
foundations and bequests: The Chicago Community Trust, Field 
Foundation of Illinois, The Irene Heinz Given and John La Porte 
Given Foundation, Inc., Robert R. McCormick Charitable Trust, 
Mark Morton Foundation, John G. and Frances C. Searle Fund, 
Sarah Adelia Stanley Trust, Estate of Jens A. Paasche. These 
friends, and the more than 2,000 other individuals, corporations, 
and foundations that made gifts during 1969 and 1970, brought 
strength to Field Museum. Grateful appreciation is due them. 

Despite the gratifying increase in gifts, it became clear during 
1969-70 that Field Museum, and the other Chicago museums, would 
require income beyond that which could be anticipated from gifts 
and other available sources in the foreseeable future. Accordingly, 
the six museums in the Chicago Park District, in collaboration with 
the Park District Commissioners, worked in 1969 to secure authority 
from the Illinois General Assembly to increase the statutory limit on 
the museums' tax levy. As a consequence of this successful effort 
the Chicago Park District was able to approve an increase in tax 
levy support that will result in a doubling of public tax funds avail- 
able to each museum by 1972. It should be pointed out that, even 




Museum President Kemick McDowell welcomes President Richard M. Nixon to 
Field Museum for a meeting of the Great Lakes Regional Environmental QuaHty 
Conference. 



with the doubled level of tax support, local tax funds will comprise 
less than 25% of Field Museum's operating revenues in 1972. 

Further examination of our financial structure brought attention, 
inevitably, to the third possible source of income — the user. Al- 
though an admission charge has been in effect since the Museum's 
founding in 1893, income from admissions had never been a signifi- 
cant sum. In recent years the 75-year-old charge of 25 cents had 
brought less than 3% of our operating income. After long study by 
the Board of Trustees it was determined that some reasonable con- 
tribution by the visiting public was an essential element of any co- 
herent long term financial policy. Thus, on August 1, 1970, the adult 
admission charge was increased from 25 cents to $1.00 and a charge 
of 35 cents for children 6-17 was established under authority granted 
by the Illinois General Assembly and the Chicago Park District. 
The number of free days was reduced from three to one. As with 
tax income, the increased visitors' admission fees will be a modest 
percentage of total income, estimated to be approximately 10% 
in 1971. 

Attention was given to the continuing process of reorganization 
of the internal staff structure and policies. Much staff time has been 
devoted to that much maligned institution, the committee. But 
productive decisions have been made in a measure that justifies the 
loss of traditional "productive" time. Principal among the organi- 
zational changes was the consolidation of all scientific activities of 
the Museum, while retaining traditional departmental structure, 
under the coordinative efforts of a Chairman, Scientific Programs. 
Dr. Robert F. Inger, Curator of Amphibians and Reptiles, and for 
24 years on the staff of the Museum, was appointed to this pivotal 
position in mid 1970. Another important organizational change was 
the consolidation of all divisions presenting educational programs 
below the Ph.D. level into a Department of Education. Mr. Don- 
ald C. Edinger was appointed to the position as Chairman in 1969. 
These two structural changes completed a series of organizational 
changes begun five years ago. 

Three new Trustees were elected during the two-year period un- 
der review: Harry M. Oliver, Jr., William L. Searle, and John W. 
Sullivan. On August 18, 1969 Mr. Henry P. Isham died. Mr. 
Isham had been a Trustee of Field Museum for 23 years. In De- 
cember, 1970 Mr. Lester Armour, a Trustee for more than 31 years, 

4 



died. Mr. Armour's and Mr. Isham's contributions to the Museum 
were many through the years and they will be sorely missed. 

The observance of Field Museum's 75th Anniversary was com- 
pleted in 1969, There are great traditions and a distinguished history 
in this institution to guide those who seek to continue to build it to- 
day. The pages that follow narrate what must be ranked as perhaps 
the most active and productive two-year period in recent decades. 
The last quarter of Field Museum's first century has begun well. 



Special Events 



The past two years have been highlighted by a series of events 
that were indeed special. Many of them — such as the Fiesta Mexi- 
cana, the 75th Anniversary, and the acquisition of the Audubon 
volumes — are detailed in the following pages. 

President Richard M. Nixon came to Field Museum on Febru- 
ary 6, 1970 to convene the Great Lakes Regional Environmental 
Quality Conference. This was the first time a cabinet-level meeting 
had been held outside Washington, D. C. and included, in addition 
to the President and the Cabinet Committee on the Environment, 
Gov. Whitcomb of Indiana, Gov. Milliken of Michigan, Gov. 
Knowles of Wisconsin, and Gov. Ogilvie of Illinois. 

October 10 through November 9, 1969 the Museum offered the 
first Chicago-area public display of the rock samples from the his- 
toric moon landing of Apollo 11. The headline-making exhibit was 
made possible through the co-operation of The University of Chicago 
and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 
Financial assistance for the exhibit was provided by The Field 
Foundation of Illinois, Inc. 

Members' Night attendance continued to break records — in 1969 
5,400 members, their families, and guests helped celebrate the Mu- 
seum's 75th Anniversary. A key feature of the evening was the 
preview of the commemorative exhibit — "A Sense of Wonder, A 
Sense of History, A Sense of Discovery." A new high was attained 
in 1970 when 8,495 individuals responded to our annual Members' 
Night invitation. 



Ramon Medina, Huichol 
Indian dancer from Jalis- 
co, Mexico performing at 
Fiesta Mexicana. 

(Photo by Nickerson) 




Women's Board 

In the past two years the Women's Board has become ever more 
closely interwoven with the fabric of Museum life. The primary 
function of the Women's Board has been to stimulate increased pub- 
lic awareness of the Museum's treasures. To that end, the board 
has presented a number of special events including exhibition pre- 
views, tours, and talks by the Museum's scientific staff. Outstand- 
ing among the events of 1969-1970 were the well-received 75th 
Anniversary dinner, the gala dinner held to preview the Fiesta 
Mexicana, and the enormously successful "Christmas Afternoon at 
Field Museum," attended by more than 1,300 people. To insure the 
success of such events, members of the Women's Board have given 
generously of their time, energy, and enthusiasm. These qualities, 
as well as their many gifts, have earned the Women's Board the last- 
ing gratitude of Field Museum. 



Scientific Programs 

Anthropology Geology 

Botany Zoology 

The Study Collections 

The housing of enormous study collections of ethnographic and 
natural history specimens is the distinctive and unifying characteris- 
tic of the great natural history museums of the world. The collec- 
tions of Field Museum now comprise over 13,000,000 specimens. 
As might be expected, the remarkable variety of the objects in these 
collections imposes a great diversity of mechanical problems. 

For example, the Department of Zoology has seven divisions — 
Mammals, Insects, Birds, Reptiles and Amphibians, Fishes, Inver- 
tebrates, and Vertebrate Anatomy, Each of these divisions has 
more than 100,000 specimens. There are over 300,000 bird skins, 
about the same number of fishes, and approximately 3,000,000 in- 
sects. The uncertainty of the totals is due to the backlog of unidenti- 
fied, uncatalogued material. Every kind of animal must be stored in a 
special way related to the structure of the animal and the manner in 
which study is usually conducted. Ornithologists invariably study 
the feathers and birds are stored as dried skins as this is the best way 
to preserve the feathers. In contrast, fishes, frogs, and snakes are 
preserved whole in alcohol; these animals do not dry well, and ichthy- 
ologists and herpetologists frequently examine internal parts of fishes 
and reptiles during the course of their study. 

Naturally, these varying methods of preservation also require a 
multiplicity of housing arrangements. Animals preserved in alcohol 
are kept in a wide array of sealed containers from 1 4 -ounce vials to 
large stainless steel tanks. Birds and small mammal skins are stored 
on shallow open trays, insects in air-tight, glass-covered drawers. 
The drawers and trays are housed in steel cases to protect the speci- 
ments from light and dust. Insects require the added protection of 
covered drawers because the very fine air-borne particles of Chicago 
can adversely affect the surface of these animals. 

For optimum scientific value, a specimen must be accompanied 
by specific data — the locality and special circumstances of its collec- 
tion in the field, the name of the collector, the date of collecting. As 
a museum specimen may be used in research many years after its 



acquisition, association of these data and the specimen have to be 
guaranteed for a long period of time. First-class rag paper and water- 
proof ink are the key elements in this aspect of museum technology. 
Insect data are printed on minute labels and pierced by the same 
pin used to mount the insect in its tray. Long paper labels are tied 
to mammal or bird skins; frogs and snakes have small serially num- 
bered tags tied to them — the numbers are listed in catalogs of high 
quality paper bound in linen with the data wintten in waterproof ink. 
Shells, if large enough, have the catalog numbers inked directly on 
them or, if too small for this, a label is slipped into the vial or card- 
board tray holding the shells. 

Like the collections of the other three scientific departments, the 
Department of Zoology's collections increase in size annually. The 
zoological collections grew by 143,000 specimens in 1969-1970. In 
1970 2,427 bird skins from Peru, Brazil, Colombia, the Philippines, 
and the Ivory Coast of Africa were purchased through the Board- 
man Conover Fund, which is restricted to this purpose. Six thou- 
sand insects collected in remote areas of Colombia, were purchased 
with general Museum funds. The Thomas Birch collection of mol- 
lusks, a worldwide collection of 14,500 snails and clams, was re- 
ceived as a gift by the Division of Invertebrates; a good portion of 
these specimens has been described in publications, which makes 
them especially useful in research. The Division of Amphibians and 
Reptiles accessioned 11,241 specimens from Thailand, Malaya, and 
Borneo in 1969-1970; all were collected in conjunction with a Museum 
research program which was partly supported by the National Sci- 
ence Foundation. The Division of Insects received a great many 
medically important insects which were removed from wild-caught 
mammals as part of U. S. Department of Defense research programs. 
They include about 10,000 parasitic batfiies from Panama and Vene- 
zuela which were sent to Field Museum to be studied by Dr. Rupert 
Wenzel as part of the research progi'am. Because of its important 
collection of parasitic insects, the Museum received 288 samples of 
lice from Nepal. 

Acquiring, preparing, identifying, and cataloging specimens con- 
stitute only the beginning of the Museum's responsibilities regarding 
the study collections. Maintenance to insure their usefulness over 
a very long period of time is, of course, fundamental. Preventive 
rnaintenance may involve no more than housing in dust-free cases. 
Usually, however, additional special attention is required at regular 
intervals. For example, the paradichlorobenzene used in the bird 

8 



and mammal storage cases for protection against insect attacks is 
renewed every year. The preservative level in every one of the ap- 
proximately 50,000 jars of the fish collection was checked in 1970; 
a defective gasket or cracked lid can result in evaporation of the 
fluid and subsequent deterioration of the specimens. 

Problems of maintaining the anthropological collections are so 
severe that the Department of Anthropology has a conservation lab- 
oratory staffed by a full-time conservator. The anthropology col- 
lections include specimens made of a wide range of substances — 
wood, cloth, metals, animal skins, bone — and each substance has its 
own special hazards which must be understood chemically and physi- 
cally before the objects are treated. Details of the restoration and 
repairs to these specimens must be recorded for the information of 
future scholars. 

The Department of Botany, too, has unique maintenance and 
preservation problems. The department has about 2,000,000 plant 
specimens mounted, as is customary, on paper sheets stored in tight 
steel cases. Because this collection is in constant use, the cases are 
opened often and are thus exposed to damaging air pollutants so 
prevalent in downtown Chicago. Due to excessive heat build-up in 
the summer months, the storage area cannot be closed to outside air. 
The obvious solution is air-conditioning but at present funds are not 
available for this expensive installation. 

Study collections are amassed by museums to serve primarily as 
the basis for research. In addition to its own scientific activities, 
each major museum supports research at colleges, universities, re- 
search institutes, and other museums through an extraordinarily ex- 
tensive program of lending. The Department of Botany, for exam- 
ple, sent out on loan 20,000 plant specimens in 1969-1970 to 209 
individuals at 80 institutions; 40% of these loans provided material 
for the use of graduate students. In this same period the Depart- 
ment of Zoology loaned 41,985 specimens to 326 individuals of whom 
32% were at foreign institutions. 

Museums traditionally charge the borrowers of specimens only 
for postage or freight. The costs of searching for the material in the 
collections, of careful packing and recording of the specimens both 
as they are sent and again on return are all absorbed by the museum 
making the loan. As informed judgment is usually required in the 
selection of specimens and, as many of the specimens are fragile and 
rare, processing loans demands both time and skill. 

9 



Occasionally, it is either too hazardous or expensive to ship speci- 
mens. At these times the scientist or student must visit the collec- 
tions. Again, because of uncertainty concerning the quantity or 
identity of material available, a researcher may tour the collections 
in advance of a formal request for loans. Each of these reasons brings 
many professional visitors to the Museum annually. In 1969-1970 
the Department of Anthropology had 365 such visitors; Botany, 279; 
Geology, 718; and Zoology, 742. 

Tending to the needs of these visitors is usually an interesting 
experience involving an exchange of technical information as well as 
personal satisfaction. The time-consuming staff service involved is 
for the most part a non-reimbursed cost to the Museum. There is, 
of course, reciprocity among institutions; other researchers come 
here, Museum staff members go there. However, since most visitors 
come from universities lacking significant collections, strict reci- 
procity is not generally possible. 

The major museums in this country are making significant finan- 
cial contributions to the support of certain fields of science through- 
out the United States by maintaining the study collections, lending 
specimens, and accommodating professional visitors. These insti- 
tutions in the last several years have made an exhaustive study of 
this type of support and, through a special committee of the Con- 
ference of Directors of Systematic Collections, are attempting to 
gain partial compensation for this effort from the National Science 
Foundation. 



Research and Publication 

Current research projects of Museum staff members range over 
the entire world from Alaska to Melanesia, from eastern Arizona to 
East Africa, from Australia to Thailand, and from Peru to Guate- 
mala. The objects of study are extremely diverse and range from 
mites that live in the quills of bird feathers to the dwellings of In- 
dians who lived in America's southwest more than 1,000 years ago; 
from trees and birds of tropical American forests to the art of Mela- 
nesia; from stone tools of prehistorical Africa to moon rocks collected 
by astronauts. 

This broad sweep of scientific study has characterized the Mu- 
seum's research program throughout its history. The subjects of 

10 



the individual research projects, though highly varied, fall into rec- 
ognizable categories. Those that deal with plants and animals, ex- 
tinct or contemporary, systematize our knowledge of life by recording 
and classifying the species of the past and present. Evolution and 
ecology are also principal themes running through these biological 
studies. 

The determination of the species occurring in tropical America 
has long been the concern of biologists at Field Museum. Currently, 
Drs. Louis 0. Williams, William C. Burger, and Johnnie L. Gentry 
are working on the flora of Central America and Dr. Donald R. 
Simpson on the flora of Amazonian Peru. These long-term projects 
are designed to provide descriptions and keys to the higher plants, 
many of them previously undiscovered, in these botanically rich 
areas. Without this background information, scientific progress in 
understanding the diversity and structure of these tropical plant 
communities would be very difficult and slow. 

That tree-sized species of plants are still unknown prepares the 
mind for the inadequacy of our knowledge of featherwing beetles. 




Students working at "New Perspectives in Archaeology" site in Vernon, Arizona. 
(Photo by Mary David Montague) 



11 



These tiny insects, rarely more than 1/25 of an inch long, are one 
of the main research interests of Mr. Henry Dybas, who continues 
with the painstaking task of describing and classifying these animals 
whose successful evolution of miniaturization has preceded by some 
30-40 million years the efforts of human engineers to achieve analo- 
gous results. 

Search for and description of past life leads to different but equally 
difficult technical problems. The marsupial mammals of Australia 
form a very well known and one of the most distinctive of living 
faunas. Yet there is almost no fossil record of these beasts in Aus- 
tralia from strata older than two million years, which in geological 
terms is only yesterday. Paleontologist Dr. William D. Turnbull 
and his associate from the University of Texas, Dr. Ernest Lundelius, 
have succeeded in uncovering an important older find that will help 
unravel the history of the Australian fauna. The technical difficul- 
ties — other than the physically trying one of investigating over 100 
potential sites — arise from the fact that the fossils are mainly teeth 
and small ones at that. 

Other research projects deal with strategies of adaptation and 
evolution. Dr. Wenzel's investigation on flies that parasitize bats 
attempts to unravel questions that seem highly specific. Is it a 
better strategy for a bat-fly to specialize on feeding on one particular 
species of bat and on one part of that bat? Or is it better, from the 
point of view of the fly's evolutionary success, to retain flexibility at 
the expense of loss of efficiency? This is a common problem many 
organisms have faced throughout evolutionary history; some species 
have become so efficient through over-specialization that they have 
become extinct, while others have disappeared from the face of the 
earth through lack of efficiency. On the practical side, the relation- 
ship between specialization of parasites and transfer to other species 
of hosts is one of the important problem areas of medical zoology 
concerning situations in which diseases are transmitted by blood- 
sucking parasites. 

Adaptive responses are obviously not the exclusive intellectual 
properties of biologists. Anthropologists at Field Museum are con- 
tinually dealing with adaptation in their search, whether the cultures 
being studied are those of the Eskimos of southwestern Alaska in the 
nineteenth century or of the Indians in Arizona 1,000 to 5,000 years 
ago. Dr. James W. VanStone, in his investigations along the Nusha- 
gak River in Alaska, has been concerned with the patterns of cultural 

12 



continuity and change as the Eskimos of this corner of the far north 
successively encountered first Eskimos from Kodiak and the Aleu- 
tian Islands and then Russians and Americans. Are newly intro- 
duced materials used as the invaders bearing them used them? Are 
the raw materials put to new uses? In one instance broken bottles 
were not discarded as would have happened in their countries of 
origin, but were used by the Eskimos as scrapers replacing flinty 
material. Tin cans were converted into baskets of the same shape 
as those formerly constructed of birch bark. In contrast, nails were 
used as nails, needles as needles, and beads as beads. Use as origi- 
nally designed mixed with novel adaptations — is this what all soci- 
eties have done? 

Many research projects have esoteric names — for example, "Min- 
eralogy and chemistry of irons-with-silicate-inclusions" or "Mineral- 
ogy and chemistry of silicate, oxide, phosphate phases in common 
octahedrites." Since these project titles are aimed primarily at spe- 
cialists, it should not be surprising that they convey little information 
to one outside that field of study. Actually, these research projects 
of Dr. EdwardJOlsen are part of broad investigations of the compo- 
sition of meteorites through which mineralogists hope to learn about 
the origin of the earth and the composition of its inner metallic core. 

Very few scientific studies are the work of a single person or 
even the work of persons from a single institution. Prof. Antonio 
Molina R. of the Escuela Agricola Panamerica, Honduras, and Ing. 
Eduardo Izquierdo C, Director of the Peruvian Forest and Wild- 
life Service, are active participants in the research program of the 
Museum's Department of Botany. In the Department of Geology, 
Dr. John Clark's research on ancient climates is conducted in collab- 
oration with Dr. J. R. Beerbower, New York State Teachers College; 
Dr. Olsen's studies of meteorites are part of a joint effort shared with 
three men from the Smithsonian Institution, two from Argonne 
National Laboratory, two from NASA, and one from the Univer- 
sity of New Mexico. Dr. Glen Cole's African archaeological studies 
are part of a program involving faculty of the University of Califor- 
nia. In the Department of Zoology, Mr. Hymen Marx's study of the 
evolution of snakes is a joint project with Dr. George Rabb, Research 
Associate, Field Museum and Associate Director, Chicago Zoological 
Society. Dr. Wenzel's research on bat-flies is part of an ambitious 
program involving 18 other professionals at various institutions. 
Co-operation even involves members of several departments within 
Field Museum: Dr. Alan Solem of Zoology and Dr. Matthew Nitecki 

13 



of Geology put their respective interests together for a project on 
fossil snails. 

University students, mainly at the graduate level, are important 
participants in Field Museum's research program. Substantive con- 
tributions have been made by students to Dr. VanStone's studies of 
Eskimos, to Dr. Robert F. Inger's research on the structure of animal 
communities in tropical forests, and to Dr. Eugene S. Richardson, 
Jr.'s research on fossil assemblages from Mazon Creek, Illinois. The 
students involved in these projects are from the universities of To- 
ronto, Manitoba, Illinois, and Chicago, 

Much of the cost of research projects is borne by Field Museum 
from internal funds. However, significant support comes from the 
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National 
Endowment for the Humanities, the Wenner-Gren Foundation for 
Anthropological Research, United States Army, American Philosoph- 
ical Society, the Irene Heinz Given and John La Porte Given Foun- 
dation, Inc., and United States National Park Service. 

There are, in addition to these outside sources, special funds with- 
in Field Museum designed to support its scientific activities. This 
year we cite only two out of a number. The research programs in 
the Division of Birds owes part of its effectiveness to the Boardman 
Conover Fund which is used to purchase specimens. The extensive 
field program so vital to the research of the Department of Geology 
is substantially assisted by the Maurice L. Richardson Paleontolog- 
ical Fund. 

Every research effort must, before it truly contributes to our fund 
of scientific knowledge, result in publication — in book form or in sci- 
entific journals. Fieldiana, the Museum's own scientific series, is 
devoted mainly to the publication of staff research as well as research 
based on Museum collections and expeditions conducted under Mu- 
seum auspices. The list of publications of the scientific staff of Field 
Museum is given on pp. 26-31. These publications have a remark- 
ably wide distribution. Besides the hundreds of libraries that receive 
each publication, copies are distributed to scientists all over the 
world. 



Interpretation of Science 

Interpretation of science to the public is, of course, one of the 
functions of Field Museum and involves the entire institution. The 
scientific staff is involved in this interpretation in a variety of ways. 

14 



The preparation of an exhibit may require a member or many mem- 
bers of the curatorial staff to meet in consultation with members of 
the Department of Exhibition, to do special research and to engage in 
negotiations with other institutions and collectors for the loan of 
scientific materials for display. 

Public lectures and a variation on that theme, public field trips, 
are part of the interpretative activities of the scientific staff. Dr. 
Nitecki, for example, led geological field trips to the Ozarks and to the 
Grand Canyon and Dr. Bertram Woodland organized the same kinds 
of trips in the Chicago area. Public lectures were given by various 
members of the scientific staff at a number of places — the Beverly 
Art Center, the Cranbrook Institute, Girl Scouts of Naperville, local 
park district councils, and assorted high schools, as well as at the 
Museum. Occasionally, curators are asked to participate in educa- 
tional television broadcasts. Because of their professional interests 
in the evolution and ecology of air-breathing fishes, Mr. Loren Woods 
and Drs. Karel F. Liem and Robert F. Inger presented a television 
program on the so-called "walking fishes" of Florida. 

A scientist's special training and experience is frequently put to 
use in public roles he did not anticipate. For example, Mr. Dybas 
continues to serve as a Trustee of the South Cook County Mosquito 
Abatement District; Mr. Dybas' general competence as an ecologi- 
cally-oriented entomologist and his personal experience with mos- 
quito control in the Pacific makes him especially qualified for this 
public service. 

Finally, interaction with the broadest segment of the public is 
achieved by Museum scientists via popular writing. The Bulletin 
of Field Museum is the staff's principal outlet for articles of this sort, 
but books are produced regularly: Mr. Woods' book Fishes, Dr. 
Austin Rand's Ornithology, an Introduction, and the concise German, 
Swedish, and Dutch editions of Living Reptiles of the World by the 
late Dr. Karl P. Schmidt and Dr. Inger appeared in 1969-70. 

Other Staff Activities 

"Science" in this and other highly technological countries in- 
volves more than actual research and studies. There is a national, 
indeed an international, organizational activity that is concerned 
with the "health" of science. Professional scientific societies exist 
to stimulate development of particular fields of study and to pub- 
lish the results of current investigations. In the United States these 

15 



societies represent a very old tradition, dating back to the American 
Philosophical Society of which Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin 
Franklin were members. Every cm-ator on the staff of Field Mu- 
seum belongs to at least one professional society and it is not unusual 
for a curator to be a member of four or more. 

The relationship of our staff to these associations is not merely a 
passive one. In 1969-1970 Dr. Alan Solem was elected President of 
the American Malacological Union and Dr. Robert F. Inger was 
elected President of the Society for Systematic Zoology. Dr. Rupert 
Wenzel was made a member of the Council of the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science and w^as appointed to the Gov- 
erning Board of the Coleopterists' Bulletin. Other members of Field 
Museum staff served on governing boards, councils, and committees 
of organizations as diverse as the Entomological Society of America 
(Mr. Henry Dybas), the Society of Economic Botany (Dr. Louis 0. 
Williams), and the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetol- 
ogists (Mr. Hymen Marx). 

Seven hundred North American paleontologists and visiting scien- 
tists representing many fields of interest came together for the first 
time at one meeting at the Museum-hosted North American Paleon- 
tological Convention, September, 1969. 

Field Museum as an institution contributed to the success of the 
1970 annual meeting in Chicago of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science by acting as host for several sessions. The 
Museum was also host for the first organizational meeting of the 
Inter-American Institute of Ecology in December, 1970. 

Staff News 

Dr. Karel F. Liem, associate curator of vertebrate anatomy, was 
granted a Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship in 1970. 
Dr. Liem left for Europe in August to begin his study of the evolution 
of the cichlid fishes in Africa's Lake Nyassa and Lake Tanganyika. 

Dr. Austin Rand, Chief Curator, Zoology, and Dr. Robert Deni- 
son. Curator of Fossil Fishes, retired in 1970. Dr. Rupert Wenzel, 
formerly Curator, Insects, became Chairman, Department of Zool- 
ogy, upon Dr. Rand's retirement. Dr. Kenneth Starr, Curator, 
Asiatic Archaeology and Ethnology, resigned July, 1970, to become 
Director of the Milwaukee Public Museum. 

16 



Supporting Staff 

Any discussion of the Museum's scientific programs would be in- 
complete without mention of the supporting staff. These technicians, 
custodians, preparators, assistants, and secretaries are of the utmost 
importance to the proper care of the collections, response to visiting 
scholars, and successful completion of research projects. The scien- 
tists of Field Museum, individually and collectively, as well as the 
administration of the Museum, owe a great deal to the devoted, 
energetic assistance of the supporting staff. 



Educational Programs 

Advanced Studies 

Field Museum has for many years played an important role in 
the education of university students through activities of the scien- 
tific staff and through use of the Museum's facilities — its collections, 
library, and laboratories. 

Many of the university students who use the scientific depart- 
ments of Field Museum are "transients," that is, they come for only 
a few days or weeks to study specimens too fragile or too numerous 
to ship. For most of these transient students, these visits provide a 
means not only of studying the collections, but also of talking to the 
curators, which in effect gives them an opportunity to learn from 
new, "temporary professors," whose points of view may differ from 
those of their regular professors. In 1969-70 more than 500 univer- 
sity students used Field Museum in these ways. 

"New Perspectives in Archaeology," a summer program for high- 
ability college sophomores and juniors, has been conducted annually 
by Dr. Paul S. Martin at Vernon, Arizona since 1964. Supported 
jointly by Field Museum and National Science Foundation grants, 
the program is designed to encourage scholarly development and 
competence in those who hope to pursue a career of teaching or re- 
search in anthropology or another science. In 1969 and 1970 24 
students took part in the program under the leadership of graduate 
students who are basing their doctoral theses on research conducted 
in this program. 

A number of graduate students working toward higher academic 
degrees at one of our local universities (Chicago, Illinois, and North- 

17 



western) conduct much of their research at Field Museum or rely 
heavily on consultation with Museum curatorial staff. Four stu- 
dents who received their Ph.D.'s in 1969-70 were under the direct 
supervision of Field Museum scientists and based their dissertations 
on specimens in the Department of Zoology. Seven others still work- 
ing for their doctorates in the Departments of Geology and Zoology 
have Field Museum staff as thesis advisers. A Wenner-Gren Foun- 
dation post-doctoral fellow in Anthropology did her research under 
the direction of Dr. Donald Collier. Three students working toward 
their master's degrees are doing much of their research in the De- 
partment of Zoology. 

This educational effort of Field Museum is administered through 
the Center for Graduate Studies in Systematic Zoology and Paleon- 
tology, which is a joint undertaking of the Museum, University of 
Chicago, University of Illinois Medical Center, and Northwestern 
University. Seven graduate level courses were given at Field Mu- 
seum under the auspices of the Center for Graduate Studies in 
1969-70. The subject matter of these courses varied from anatomy 
and biogeography to herpetology and vertebrate paleontology. Some 
of these courses were given by Museum staff, some by university 
faculty, and some by a mixture of both. 

Staff from all scientific departments of Field Museum have aca- 
demic appointments at one or more of the local universities. In turn, 
many faculty members have been appointed to the staff of Field 
Museum. Though these cross appointments are honorary in the 
sense that they carry no salary, they are substantial since the holders 
have all the prerogatives of paid staff or faculty. 

The joint participation in teaching and the cross appointments 
are parts of the main goal of the Center for Graduate Studies — the 
combining of university and Museum resources in the Chicago area 
to the benefit of society at large as well as of the institutions and 
persons involved. 

Department of Education 

In 1969 three divisions of the Museum were combined to form a 
Department of Education under the direction of Donald C. Edinger, 
Chairman. Two of the divisions, Raymond Foundation and N. W, 
Harris Extension, will continue their past functions with some modi- 
fication. The third. Division of Audio Visuals, formerly Motion 
Pictures, now includes audio-visual services and evaluation. 

18 



In its concern with a multiplicity of educational aspects, the de- 
partment has been working in a number of areas. A series of three 
field trips, "Geology of the Chicago Region," presented by Dr. 
Matthew H. Nitecki, Associate Curator, Fossil Invertebrates, was 
well received and will hopefully be the first of many such programs. 
In co-operation with the American Association for the Advancement 
of Science the short courses for college teachers — "Biology and 
Human Affairs," "Air Pollution Sedimentation Survey," "Bonding 
and Quantum Mechanics," and "Mathematical Modeling Computer 
Techniques in the Natural and Social Sciences" — are being offered. 
These courses are also being offered at the University of Maryland, 
Clark College, and the University of Texas. 

"Death By Crowding," a travelling high school exhibit, was com- 
pleted by six Frances Parker High School students enrolled in the 
pilot Muscology course. A second Muscology course, co-operatively 
offered with the Chicago Public Schools program for gifted students 
and begun in October, 1970, is a performance-objective, self-paced 
curriculum. 

The Holiday Science Lectures for outstanding Chicago-area high 
school students, co-sponsored by the Museum and the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science, were presented by Dr. 
Thomas Eisner, Professor of Biology, Cornell University, in Decem- 
ber, 1970. Dr. Eisner gave a four-lecture series titled "To Be An 
Insect." 

The Raymond Foundation's pace was a brisk one, with a total 
of 823,524 individuals in organized groups using museum facilities 
and the presentation of 3,231 tours in 1969-1970. The volunteers 
in the Department of Education have proven invaluable as they 
provided over 600 tours to approximately 19,000 children, many of 
whom came from inner city schools. A total of 3,104 hours was 
donated by 15 volunteers. A new group of 15 volunteer trainees 
will soon complete the foundation's intensive training course, en- 
abling Raymond Foundation to provide direct service to an even 
greater number of children. 

The Summer Course in Anthropology for high-ability high school 
students, initiated in 1966 with support from the National Science 
Foundation, was continued through 1970. The highly successful 
course, which offers guest lecturers from local colleges and universi- 
ties in addition to instruction from Museum staff members, use of 
Museum facilities, and field experience at a "dig," has been com- 
pleted by 129 students since 1966. 

19 



During the past two years approximately 3,000 individual jour- 
neys were turned in for credit in the Museum's on-going Journey 
program. Another continuing program, the Members' Children's 
Workshops, continued to evoke a strong positive response. Eleven 
Teacher-In-Service programs were devoted to exploring in depth the 
Museum's educational function and its role as a supplemental learn- 
ing center. 

With the help of a grant from the Office of Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, a detailed analysis of organized group attendance 
is now operational. This analysis is designed to aid the Museum in 
determining educational needs and providing the necessary services 
to meet those needs. 

During the Museum's Fiesta Mexicana the Raymond Founda- 
tion worked with several organizations from Chicago's Mexican com- 
munity to provide bi-lingual volunteer interpreters and guides. More 
than 200 groups of nearly 15,000 school children took part in the 
Fiesta activities. 

Harris Extension has been actively involved in the revision of its 
program of lending portable Museum exhibits to Chicago schools. 
The routing system was revised, exhibits have been renewed and 
inventoried and, in February, 1970, a catalogue was produced. The 
distribution of this catalogue to Chicago schools has resulted in a 
300% increase in loan material requests. 



Library 



Headed by W. Peyton Fawcett, newly promoted Librarian, the 
Library has experienced another two years of steady growth and 
increased use, particularly by students and faculty of Chicago area 
universities. This increase is in part the result of two new pro- 
gi^ams, one w^orked out in co-operation with the Committee on Evo- 
lutionary Biology of the University of Chicago and the other with 
the Museum's Library Committee and Curatorial Staff. In the first 
program a carrier service has been instituted between the University 
and the Museum in order to make the library holdings of each more 
rapidly and easily available to the other. In addition, information 
regarding the contents of periodicals received by the Museum Li- 
brary but not by the University is quickly made available to inter- 
ested faculty members. This service has worked very well and we 
look forward to similar arrangements with other area libraries. The 

20 




Plate depicting the Key West pigeon (quail dove) from John James Audubon's 
The Birds of America. 



second program resulted from a generous gift from the Bertha LeBus 
Charitable Trust. After consultation with the Museum's Library 
Committee it was decided that this money would be used to provide 
a small but select collection of books to provide basic information 
for college and advanced high school students and visitors in all 
areas of the natural sciences. These volumes were selected after 
consultation with the Museum staff and are available in the Li- 
brary's Reading Room as the Bertha LeBus Browsing Collection. 
This collection has proved most valuable and will be maintained 
and added to in future years. 

The Library's acquisition, exchange, reclassification, and other 
programs have continued in a highly satisfactory way. It is hoped 
that reclassification can be completed during the next year and this 
long and difficult project finally concluded. 

The Library was the fortunate recipient of many valuable and 
interesting volumes during this period. Outstanding among these 
was a magnificent copy of the elephant folio edition of John James 
Audubon's The Birds of America, the gift of an anonymous donor. 
This rare and beautiful work, one of the landmarks of American 
ornithology, was published in London between 1827 and 1838 and 

21 



consists of 435 aquatints bound into five volumes. This copy is of 
particular value because it is one of two existing copies enriched with 
an additional 13 plates. It has been described as probably the 
finest set in existence and is displayed in the Museum's North Lounge 
in a specially constructed glass case containing an environmental 
control mechanism which will maintain filtered air in the case at an 
appropriate temperature and humidity. A page will be turned each 
day until all of the 448 plates have been shown. A very rare volume 
entitled A Catalogue oj the Different Specimens of Cloth Collected in 
the Three Voyages of Captain Cook, to the Southern Hemisphere was 
received from Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller of Sussex, England. This volume 
was published in the year 1787 in London and is illustrated with 
actual samples of the tapa or bark cloth collected by Cook and his 
companions during his three voyages. 



Department of Exhibition 

Under the leadership of Lothar P. Witteborg, the Department of 
Exhibition experienced another period of expansion and accelerated 
activity. Aiming at a progi^am of greater public involvement, the 
exhibition staff, which now numbers 19, created a number of imagi- 
native and successful temporary and special exhibits such as a color- 
ful exhibit featuring kites, "The Wind in My Hands," which opened 
in April, 1969 and was happily combined with a kite fly-in in Grant 
Park; "Moon Rocks," an exhibit of rock and soil samples collected 
by NASA's Apollo 11 supplemented with support information on the 
Museum's own meteorite collection and its relevance to the NASA 
space program; and "A Child Goes Forth," which explored toys as 
indicators of the cultures which produced them. 

Field Museum's 75th Anniversary Exhibit — "A Sense of Wonder, 
A Sense of History, A Sense of Discovery" — was the highlight of the 
1969 Members' Night and continues on public view. The exhibit 
offers a gi'aphic portrayal of the Museum's history, examples of the 
scientific research conducted by the Museum staff, as well as aes- 
thetic and innovative displays on the wonders of nature. 

"Fiesta Mexicana," September, 1969, was a cultural-historical ex- 
hibit which viewed the development of indigenous Mexican folk art 
styles from pre-Columbian times to the present with authentic crafts- 
men working in the exhibit hall. A photo essay, live music, and 
dancing, films, lectures, and a craft sales area completed the festival. 

22 



Visitors at "Moon Rocks" — 
an exhibit of rock and soil 
samples collected by NASA's 
Apollo 11. 




Other exhibits shown during 1969-1970 were "The Art and Life 
of the Cuna Indians," "Eskimo Masks: The World of the Taremiut," 
"Tibetan Carpets," and "Illinois By the Sea: A Coal Age Environ- 
ment." Annual exhibits, such as the International Exhibition of 
Nature Photography, sponsored by the Nature Camera Club of 
Chicago, and the Chicago Shell Club Exhibit, were also designed 
and produced. 

The Museum's significant acquisition of four Audubon elephant 
folios (see p. 21) were placed in an environmentally controlled exhi- 
bition case. The department consulted with the Special Bindery of 
R. R. Donnelley & Sons Co., which established the protective criteria 
for the volumes. The elaborate case was then designed by the De- 
partment of Exhibition. 

The department initiated the "Exhibit of the Month," a number 
of small, one-case exhibits shown in the South Lounge. These ex- 
hibits covered themes of current and timely interest as well as 
examples of new acquisitions or "rediscovered" specimens in the 
Museum's collections. Some of the exhibits shown were: "Wedg- 
wood Commemorative Medallion of Captain Cook"; "Carbonaceous 
Stone Meteorite"; "Mexican Jewelry"; "Cast of Australopithecus 



23 



boisei"; the "Garden Spider (Aurantia argiope)," and an example of 
the recent corn bhght that affected the midwest. 

Work progressed on the reconstruction of four Neanderthal man- 
nikens which will eventually replace the figures in the Neanderthal 
diorama in Hall C. Numerous botanical models were completed for 
installation in Hall 29, "Plant Families," and the Chalmers' Topaz 
was permanently installed in the Gem Hall. 

Two information booths were designed and fabricated for use 
in Stanley Field Hall; hundreds of scientific drawings were com- 
pleted by the scientific illustrators; numerous posters, mailers, bro- 
chures, and announcements were produced; and the format of the 
Bulletin was redesigned. Designers also worked in close collaboration 
with the architectural firm of Harry Weese and Associates in develop- 
ing final plans for the department's new quarters which will be ready 
for occupation by autumn, 1971. 



Planning and Development 

Late in 1969 Thomas R. Sanders became Planning and Develop- 
ment Officer, succeeding retiring Robert E. Coburn. Membership, 
Public Relations, and Natural History Tours, as well as fund-raising 
activities were consolidated under his direction. Museum member- 
ship continued to increase. From a total of 15,263 members on 
January 1, 1969 the figure increased to 19,342 at the end of 1970, a 
new record. In 1970 the Bulletin, the Museum's monthly popular 
natural history publication, became the responsibility of the Division 
of Public Relations. New type faces, design, format, color stock, and 
increased number of pages combined to give the magazine a fresh, 
new look. In the autumn of 1970 the first issue of a monthly em- 
ployee magazine. Field Notes, was published. Museum events and 
functions received extensive coverage in all media with an ever-in- 
creasing number of radio and television stations using public service 
spot announcements to announce Museum activities. Field Mu- 
seum's natural history tours program continued to receive enthusi- 
astic response as Tour Chief Phil Clark led a total of six tours to 
Brazil; the Himalayan Kingdoms and Northeastern India; England 
and Scotland; and Guatemala. Museum members with a strong 
geological interest participated in a tour of the Grand Canyon and 
the Colorado River with Dr. Matthew H. Nitecki, Associate Cura- 
tor of Fossil Invertebrates. 

24 



Volunteers 

During 1969 37 volunteers contributed 6,116 hours — one man 
alone gave 864 hours — for an increase of 50% over 1968. The fol- 
lowing year again saw an increase with the total rising to 60 volun- 
teers donating a total of 8,830 hours. These men and women 
have served throughout the Museum in a variety of ways, including 
identifying shells, beetles, and butterflies; preparing specimens for 
the collections; reconstructing a fossil turtle; typing catalogue cards 
of Chinese rubbings, oiling rare books. In October, 1970 the Ray- 
mond Foundation held a progi-am which trained 13 volunteers to 
provided lectures to organized gi'oups. The Museum is deeply 
grateful to these dedicated men and women. 



Building Operations 



In answer to the continuing need for additional space, the Mu- 
seum has once again embarked upon a progi^am of construction, 
beginning with a centralized Department of Exhibition to be located 
on the fourth floor in the area now occupied by the Division of 
Invertebrates and Anthropology storerooms. When remodeled, this 
area will provide approximately 12,000 square feet of air-conditioned 
office and shop space efficiently located next to the freight elevator. 
Filling in one-half of the center lightwell on the west side of the build- 
ing will, by mid-1971, provide the burgeoning Division of Inverte- 
brates with modern processing laboratories, offices, and a library on 
the fourth floor and storage space on the third. The second floor of 
this lightwell fill-in will be dead storage until funds to provide ade- 
quate facilities and equipment to meet other critical Museum needs 
become available. The displaced Anthropology storerooms have 
been moved to existing space on the second floor. 

In addition to the many operational functions constantly requir- 
ing attention in a structure as busy and large as the Museum, the 
Building Operations staff has been involved in the design and com- 
pletion of new" offices for the expanding Membership Department and 
for Public Relations and Natural History Tours. An additional class- 
room was constructed for the Department of Education and the 
sprinkler system has been extended to cover certain hazardous fire 
areas. Work was also begun on improving and increasing the elec- 
trical system in critical areas of the Museum building. 

25 



Publications 

The following list includes the scientific publications of the Field 
Museum curatorial staff, as well as the complete list of Fieldiana, the 
Museum's scientific series, for the years 1969-1970. In addition to 
the publications listed below, staff members have produced numer- 
ous reviews, abstracts, comments, encyclopedia entries, and popular 
articles and books. 



DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Cole, Glen 

1969. Site C. Excavations, 1966, pp. 182-186. In J. D. Clark, Kalembo Falls 

Prehistoric Site. Cambridge University Press. 
1969. (with W. W. Bishop) Revised Stratigraphical Nomenclature For the Ka- 

gera and Orichinga Valleys, Uganda. Appendix III, pp. 125-128. In W. W. 

Bishop, "Pleistocene Stratigraphy in Uganda," Geological Survey of Uganda, 

Memoir X, Entebbe, Uganda. 

Lewis, Phillip H. 

1969. The Social Context of Art in Northern New Ireland. Fieldiana: Anthro- 
pology, vol. 58, 186 pp., 54 figs., 3 tables. 

VanStone, James W. 

1969. Masks of the Point Hope Eskimo. Anthropos, vol. 63/64, nos. 5/6, 
pp. 828-840. 

1970. Akulivikchuk: A Nineteenth Century Eskimo Village on the Nushagak 
River, Alaska. Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 60, 123 pp., 15 plates, 14 figs., 
2 tables. 

1970. Canadian Trade Silver from Indian Graves in Northern lUinois. The 
Wisconsin Archaeologist, n.s., vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 21-30. 

1970. Baron F. P. Von Wrangell's Observations on the Eskimos and Indians 
of Alaska. Arctic Anthropology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1-20. Madison. 

1970. Ethnohistorical Research in Southwestern Alaska: A Methodological 
Perspective. In M. Lantis, Ed., Ethnohistory in Southwestern Alaska and the 
Southern Yukon: Method and Content. University of Kentucky Press. 

1970. Entree Into the Field: Arctic and Subarctic North America, pp. 237-245. 
In R. NarooU and R. Cohen, eds., Handbook of Method in Cultural Anthro- 
pology, Natural History Press. 

1970. (with Joan B. Townsend) Kijik: An Historic Tanaina Indian Settlement. 
Fieldiana: Anthropology, vol. 59, 202 pp., 29 figs., 23 plates. 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 
Baehni, Charles and Luciano Bernardi 

1970. Flora of Peru. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 13, pt. 5A, no. 3, pp. 133-177. 

Gibson, Dorothy N. 

1969. Two New Guatemalan Tournefortias. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, no. 5, 
pp. 65-68, 2 figs. 

1970. Studies in American Plants, II. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, no. 11, 
pp. 173-177, 2 figs. 

26 



Glassman, S. F. 

1969. Studies in the Palm Genus Syagrus Mart, II. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, 
no. 8, pp. 77-103, 12 figs. 

1970. A Conspectus of the Palm Genus Buiia Becc. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, 
no. 10, pp. 127-172, 31 figs. 

1970. A Synopsis of the Palm Genus Syagrus Mart. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, 

no. 15, pp. 215-240, 1 fig. 
1970. A New Hybrid in the Palm Genus Syagrus Mart. Fieldiana: Botany, 

vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 241-257, 14 figs. 

Heller, Alfonso H. 

1969. A New Odontoglossum from Nicaragua. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, 
no. 7, pp. 73-75, 1 fig. 

Ponce de Leon, Patricio 

1969. A New Member of Morganella. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 69- 
71, 1 fig. 

1970. Revision of the Genus Vascellum (Lycoperdaceae). Fieldiana: Botany, 
vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 109-125, 3 figs. 

SCHWEINFURTH, CHARLES 

1970. First Supplement to the Orchids of Peru. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 33, 
80 pp. 

Standley, Paul C. and Louis O. Williams 

1969. Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 24, pt. 8, no. 4, pp. 263- 
474, 57 figs. 

1970. Flora of Guatemala. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 24, pt. 9, nos. 1, 2, pp. 1- 
236, 47 figs. 

Williams, Louis O. 

1970. Tropical American Plants, XI. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 

179-206, 4 figs. 
1970. An Overlooked Genus of the Scrophulariaceae. Fieldiana: Botany, vol. 

32, no. 14, pp. 211-214, 1 fig. 
1970. (with Antonio Molina R.) The Juglandaceae of Guatemala. Fieldiana: 

Botany, vol. 32, no. 13, pp. 207-209. 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Applegate, Shelton p. 

1970. The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part VII. 
The Fishes. Fieldiana: Geology Memoirs, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 381-433, 31 figs. 

Bardack, David and Gloria Sprinkle 

1969. Morphology and Relationship of Saurocephalid Fishes. Fieldiana: Geol- 
ogy, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 297-340, 8 figs., 2 tables. 

Black, Craig C. 

1970. A New Pareumys (Rodentia: Cyhndrodontidae) from the Duchesne 
River Formation, Utah. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 16, no. 17, pp. 453-459, 

2 figs. 

Clark, John and Thomas E. Guensburg 

1970. Population Dynamics of Leptomeryx. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 16, no. 16, 
pp. 411-451, 13 figs., 4 tables. 

27 



Denison, Robert H. 

1969. New Pennsylvanian Lung-Fishes from Illinois. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 
12, no. 12, pp. 193-211, 8 figs. 

1970. Revised Classification of Pteraspididae with Description of New Forms 
from Wyoming. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1-41, 26 figs. 

Golden, Julia and Matthew H. Nitecki 

1970. Catalogue of Type and Referred Specimens of Fossil Echinozoa (Echi- 
noidea and Cyclocystoidea) in Field Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 43-51. 

1970. Catalogue of Type and Referred Specimens of Echinozoa (Edrioasteroi- 
dea) in Field Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 20, no. 3, 
pp. 53-64. 

1970. Catalogue of Type and Referred Specimens of Fossil Stelleroidea in 
Field Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 
65-75. 

Gordon, Ralph and Eugene S. Richardson, Jr. 

1969. Pennsylvanian Invertebrates of the Mazon Creek Area, Illinois. The 
Morphology and Affinities of Tullimonstrum. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 12, 
no. 8, pp. 119-149, 18 figs. 

Kjellesvig-Waering, Erik N. 

1969. Scorpionida: The Holotype of Mazonia woodiana Meek and Worthen, 
1868. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 171-190, 11 figs. 

Lane, N. Gary 

1969. A Crinoid from the Pennsylvanian Essex Fauna of Illinois. Fieldiana: 
Geology, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 151-156, 3 figs. 

Mueller, Robert F. and Edward J. Olsen 

1969. Mineral Assemblages and the Chemical History of Chondritic Meteo- 
rites. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 16, no. 15, pp. 377-410, 8 figs., 1 table. 

Nitecki, Matthew H. 

1969. Redescription of Ischadites koenigii Murchison. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 

16, no. 13, pp. 347-359, 15 figs., 1 table. 
1969. Surficial Pattern of Receptaculitids. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 16, no. 14, 
pp. 361-376, 11 figs. 

1969. Art and the Things of Earth. Earth Science, vol. 22, no. 5, p. 208, 1 fig. 

1970. North American Cyclocrinitid Algae. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 22, 182 
pp., 53 figs., 8 tables. 

1970. Redescription of Ischadites elrodi (S. A. Miller, 1892) a Lower Devonian 

Receptaculitid. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 77-83. 
1970. (with Julia Golden). Catalogue of Type Specimens of Trilobites in Field 
Museum of Natural History. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 22, 117 pp. 

Olsen, Edward 

1969. Pyroxene gabbro (anorthosite association): Similarity to Surveyor V 
Lunar Analysis. Science, 166, pp. 401-402. 

1970. (with A. Anderson, A. Crewe, J. Goldsmith, P. Moore, R. Newton, 
J. Smith, and P. Wyllie). Petrographic History of the Moon Suggested By 
Petrography, Mineralogy, and Crystallography. Science, 167, pp. 587-589. 

1970. (with E. Jarosewich). The Chemical Composition of the Silicate Inclusions 
in the Weekeroo Station Iron Meteorite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 
vol. 8, pp. 261-266. 

1970. (with T. E. Bunch and K. Keil) Mineralogy and Petrology of Silicate 
Inclusions in Iron Meteorites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 
vol. 25, pp. 297-340. 

28 



1970. (with T. E. Bunch) Compositions of Natural Osumihtes. American 
Mineralogist, vol. 55, pp. 875-879. 

1970. (with J. V. Smith, A. Anderson, R. Newton, and P. J. Wyllie) A Petro- 
logic Model For the Moon Based On Petrogenesis, Experimental Petrology, 
and Physical Properties. Journal of Geology, vol. 78, pp. 381-405. 

1970. (with J. V. Smith, A. Anderson, R. C. Newton, E. Olsen, P. J. WyUie, 
A. Crewe, M. Isaacson, and D. Johnson) Petrologic History of the Moon 
Inferred from Petrography, Mineralogy, and Petrogenesis of Apollo 11 Rocks. 
Proceedings of the Apollo 11 Lunar Science Conference, vol. 1, pp. 897-925. 
Pergamon Press. 

1970. (with T. Bunch) Empirical Derivation of Activity Coefficients for the Mag- 
nesium-rich Portion of the Olivine Sohd Solution. American Mineralogist, 
vol. 55, pp. 1829-1842. 

1970. Introduction and Appendix I. Stereogram Book of Rocks, Minerals, and 
Gems. Hubbard Press. 

Olsen, Everett C. 

1970. New and Little Known Genera and Species of Vertebrates from the 
Lower Permian of Oklahoma. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 357-434. 

Paul, C. R. C. 

1970. The Aboral Nervous System of Marsupiocrinus Morris. Fieldiana: Geol- 
ogy, vol. 16, no. 18, pp. 461-469, 9 figs. 

Russell, Dale A. 

1970. The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part VII. 
The Mosasaurs. Fieldiana: Geology Memoirs, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 361-380, 
10 figs. 

ScHRAM, Frederick R. 

1969. The Stratigraphic Distribution of the Paleozoic Eumalacostraca. Fieldi- 
ana: Geology, vol. 12, no. 13, pp. 213-234, 1 fig., 1 table. 

1969. Some Middle Pennsylvanian Hoplocarida (Crustacea) and Their Phylo- 
genetic Significance. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 12, no. 14, pp. 235-289, 31 figs., 
3 tables. 

Turnbull, William D. 

1970. Mammalian Masticatory Apparatus. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 18, no. 2, 
pp. 147-356, 48 figs., 13 tables, app. 

1970. Structural Composition and Dental Variations. The Murids 

Broom Cave Fauna, Late Pleistocene, Wombeyan Caves Area, V. 

Records of the Australian Museum, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 1-24. fuJ.' J^R. 
1970. (with Ernest L. Lundelius, Jr.) The Hamilton Fauna. A Late Pliocene 

Fauna from the Grange Burn, Victoria, Australia. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 19, 

163 pp., 2 figs., 8 tables, 31 plates, 10 graphs. 

Zangerl, Rainer 

1969. Bandringa rayi. A New Ctenacanthoid Shark from the Pennsylvanian 

Essex Fauna of Illinois. Fieldiana: Geology, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 157-169, 7 figs. 
1969. (with E. S. Richardson, Jr., B. G. Woodland, and D. L. Zachry, Jr.) 

Early Diagenetic Phenomena in the Fayetteville Black Shale (Mississippian) 

of Arkansas. Sedimentary Geology, vol. 3, pp. 87-119. 

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 

Forcart, Lothar 

1969. Veronicellid Land Slugs from the New Hebrides, with Description of 
Semper ula solemi. New Species. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 51, no. 12, pp. 147- 
156, 3 figs., 2 tables. 

29 



Hassinger, Jerry D. 

1970. Shrews of the Crocidura zarudnyi-pergrisea Group with Descriptions of 
a New Subspecies. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 5-8. 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

1969. Comments on Cynocephalus Boddaert versus Galeopithecus Pallas. Z. N. 
(S) 1792. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, vol. 25 (6), pp. 202-203. 

1969. The Evolution of Mammals on Southern Continents. VI. The Recent 
Mammals of the Neotropical Region: A Zoogeographic and Ecological Re- 
view. Quarterly Revue of Biology, vol. 44 (1), pp. 1-70, 16 figs. 

1970. Notes on Tertiary Platyrrhine Monkeys and Description of a New 
Genus from the Late Miocene of Colombia. Folia Primatologia, vol. 12, 
pp. 1-37, 4 figs., 12 pis. 

1970. Dental and Periodontal Diseases and Abnormalities in Wild-Caught 
Marmosets (Primates, Callithricidae). American Journal of Physical Anthro- 
pology, vol. 32, pp. 377-394, 5 pis. 

1970. Metachromism Like It Is. Evolution, vol. 24 (3), pp. 644-648. 

1970. Cerebral Fissural Patterns in Platyrrhine Monkeys. Folia Primatologia, 
vol. 13, pp. 213-240, 8 figs. 

1970. Supplementary Notes on Neotropical Oryzomys dimidiatus and Oryzomys 
hammondi (Cricetinae). Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 51, pp. 789-794, 2 figs. 

Heyer, W. Ronald and Phillip A. Silvertone 

1969. The Larva of the Frog Leptodactylus hylaecactulus (Leptodactylodae). 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 51, no. 11, pp. 141-145, 1 fig. 

Inger, Robert F. 

1969. Organization of Communities of Frogs Along Small Rain Forest Streams 
in Sarawak. Journal of Animal Ecology, vol. 38, pp. 123-148. 

1970. A New Species of Frog of the Genus Rana from Thailand. Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 51, no. 14, pp. 169-174, 3 figs. 

James, Pauline, Frank W. Judd, and Joseph Curtis Moore 

1970. First Western Atlantic Occurrence of the Pigmy Killer Whale. Fieldiana: 
Zoology, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 1-3. 

Kethley, John 

1970. A Revision of the Family Syringophilidae (Prostigmata: Acarina). Con- 
tributions of the American Entomological Institute, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1-76. 

LlEM, Karel F. 

1970. Comparative Functional Anatomy of the Nandidae (Pisces: Teleostei). 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 56, 166 pp., 66 figs. 

LiEM, Sioe Sing 

1970. The Morphology, Systematics, and Evolution of Old World Treefrogs. 
Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 57, 145 pp., 70 figs., 9 tables, app. 

Marx, Hymen 

1970. (with T. S. Olechowski). Fea's Viper and the Common Gray Shrew: A 

Distribution Note on Predator and Prey. Journal of Mammalogy, vol. 51, 

p. 205. 
1970. (with George B. Rabb). Character analysis; An Empirical Approach 

Applied to Advanced Snakes. Journal of Zoology, London, vol. 161, pp. 525- 

548, 4 figs., 12 tables. 

Rand, Austin L. and Dioscoro S. Rabor 

1969. New Birds from Camiguin South, Philippines. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 
51, no. 13, pp. 157-168. 

30 



Segall, Walter 

1970. Morphological Parallelisms of the Bulla and Auditory Ossicles in Some 
Insectivores and Marsupials. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 51, no. 16, pp. 169- 
205, 26 figs. 

SoLEM, Alan 

1970. The Endodontid Land Snail Genera Pilsbrycharops and Paryphantopsis. 
Veliger, vol. 12 (3), pp. 239-264, 3 figs., 6 tables. 

1970. Malacological Applications of Scanning Electron Microscopy I. Intro- 
duction and Shell Surface Features. Veliger, vol. 12 (4), pp. 394-400, 3 plates, 
1 table. 

1970. The Land Snail Genus Afrodonta (Mollusca: Pulmonata: Endodontidae). 
Annals of the Natal Museum, vol. 20 (2), pp. 341-364, 2 figs. 

1970. Fritz Haas, 1886-1969. The Nautilus, vol. 83 (4), pp. 117-120. 

Traylor, Melvin a., Jr. 

1970. Two New Birds from the Ivory Coast. Bulletin of the British Ornitholo- 
gists' Club, vol. 90, pp. 78-80. 

1970. A New Race of Serinus citrinelloides. Bulletin of the British Ornitholo- 
gists' Club, vol. 90. pp. 83-86. 

1970. Notes on African Muscicapidae. Ibis, vol. 112, pp. 395-397. 

1970. East African Bradornis. Ibis, vol. 112, pp. 513-531. 

Van Regteren Alten, C. O. 

1970. Notes on Land Slugs, 16^: Deroceras from Afghanistan, including De- 
scriptions of D. Kandahar ensis. Fieldiana: Zoology, vol. 51, no. 15, pp. 175- 
178, 1 fig. 

Wenzel, Rupert L. 

1970. Family Streblidae. In N. Papvero, ed., A Catalogue of the Diptera of 
the Americans south of the United States. Fascic. 100, 22 pp. 



Field Museum of Natural History Bulletin 

VOL. 40, 1969 



Alanne, Elizabeth Collier, Donald 

Shadowing a Museum Detective, no. 2. Chicago Comes of Age, The World's 

The Fairest of Stones, no. 8. Columbian Exposition and the Birth 

of Field Museum, no. 5. 
Burger, William and 

Ronald Liesner Dybas, Henry S. 

Cycadeoidea, Did This Flower Ever The 17-Year Cicada: A Four-Year 

Blooml, no. 6. "Mistake"?, no. 8. 

Fawcett, W. Peyton 



Conqueror of the Colorado, no. 3. 



Clark, John 

Treasures in the Attic, no. 7. 

Fricke, George 
Clark, Phil Insects, Summer Journey, no. 6. 

The Gray Eminence of Kew Gardens, 

no. 7. Holloman, Regina 

The Gardens of Great Britain, no. 10. Acculturation and the Cuna, no. 7. 



31 



Legge, Christopher 

\Vc Don't Know Whose It Was Bid It 
Wasn't Cleopatra's, no. 1. 

and Edward G. Nash 

James Edward Little, Dealer in Sav- 
age Weapons, Curios, Skins, Horns, 
Ivory, & c, no. 4. 
Last Voyage of Progress, no. 12. 

MuNSON, Cheryl Ann and Patrick J. 
From The Palos Site: An Early His- 
toric Indian Village Near Chicago 
(a site report), no. 3. 

Nash, Edward G. 

The Potato, A very short history of a 
very valuable plant, no. 3. 

NiTECKi, Matthew H. 

The River That Flows Through Time, 
no. 1. 

Rand, Austin L. 

Brazilian Bird Walk, no. 2. 



Richardson, Eugene S., Jr. 

Paleontological Convention Notes . . ., 
no. 10. 

Roscoe, Ernest 

Major John Wesley Powell, Illinois 
Naturalist, no. 5. 

SoLEM, Alan 

. . . in his dim, uncertain sight, no. 3. 

Webber, E. Leland 

On Our Seventy-fifth (excerpt from a 
speech), no. 6. 

Williams, Patricia M. 
Links to the Past, no. 3. 
Kites, no. 4. 
Karel Liem: A Lesson in Persistence, 

no. 6. 
Ptom-, Diken- and Ariaspis'!, no. 9. 
Pewter: the collector's alloy, no. 10. 
What Makes Orchids So Special!, 

no. 11. 



VOL. 41, 1970 



Burger, William C. 
Fall Color, no. 10. 
Southern Leaf Corn Blight, no. 12. 

Chun, Edline 
Of Gems and Things, no. 4. 

Clark, Phil 

The Inca's Empire and Darwin's Ga- 
lapagos, no. 2. 

Delsing, Patricia M. 

The Welcoming of the President, no. 3. 
The Day Before, no. 3. 

Denison, Robert H. 

The Origin of the Skeletons in Animals, 
no. 12. 

Dybas, Henry 

Population Explosion — 17-Year Lo- 
cust Style, no. 5. 
Aurantia argiope, no. 9. 

Edinger, Donald C. 

Learning About Our Environment, 
no. 3. 



Education at Field Museum, 1922- 
1970, no, 5. 

Ehrlich, Paul R. 

The Population Crisis: Where We 
Stand, no. 10. 

Fawcett, W. Peyton 
All About Audubon, no. 5. 
Happiness Is a Ripe Love Apple, 

no. 8. 
Pious Pelican, no. 12. 

Fricke, George 

Journey Program Stimulates Students' 
Interest, Provides World Perspec- 
tive, no. 6. 

Gentry, Johnnie L., Jr. 

Dieffenbachia — a Poisonous House 

Plant, no. 8. 
Poisonous Holiday Plants, no. 12. 

Hershkovitz, Philip 

The Decorative Chin, no. 5. 



32 



Legge, Christopher C. 
Hornbill Carving, no. 9. 

LocKwooD, Frank 

The Museum's First Million (ex- 
cerpted from The Life of Edward E. 
Ayer, 1929), no. 8. 

Olsen, Edward J. 

Early Returns on the Lunar Samples, 

no. 2. 
Geochemistry — a study of airborne lead 

pollution, no. 6, 
Snow, no. 12. 

Putnam, Lee 

How We Got to Where We're Going, 
no. 7. 

Ramey, Karen 

Turtle Lore: Fact and Fiction, no. 11. 

Rand, Austin L. 
New Museums for Old, no. 6. 

Simpson, Donald R. 

Flight Across the Andes, no. 4. 

SoLEM, Alan 

Extinction Strikes 10,000 Species, 

Man Remains Unconcerned, no. 4. 

Another View of the Elephant, no. 12. 



Straub, Virginia M. 
Byssus, no. 9. 

Traylor, Melvin a. 

The Vanishing Peregrine!, no. 9. 

VanStone, James W. 

Nushagak: A Russian Trading Post in 
Southwestern Alaska, no. 11. 

Williams, Patricia M. 

Su-Lin, Super Star of the Thirties, 
no. 1. 

The Mysterious Missing Moon of Ger- 
many, no. 2. 

Presidential Visit to Field Museum, 
no. 3. 

The Unique Gift of Charles R. Knight, 
no. 6. 

Tell Me Everything You Know, no. 7. 

Williams, Louis O. 

Milkweeds Are Milkweeds, no. 5. 

WiTTEBORG, LOTHAR P. 

Museums in a Changing World, no. 1 1 . 

Woods, Loren P. 

The Changing Great Lakes, nos. 7, 8. 



33 



Field Museum o 

Statement of Revenues an 
Years ended Decembe 



Source of Income: 

Investment income availed of — 

Consolidated security investments (Note 4) 
Securities of individual funds 

Rental income 



Chicago Park District tax collections. 

Contributions 

Government and other grants 

Admissions 

Memberships 

Visitors' services — net 

Other 



Operating Costs: 

Scientific 

Education and exhibition 

PubHcation, illustration and photography 

Library 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 

Building improvements, maintenance and security. 

Administration and general 

Construction of new zoology facilities (Note 6) . . . 



Deficit for year . 



See accompanying notes, pp. 36, 37. 



34 



Natural History 
Expenditures - Current Funds 
31, 1970 and 1969 



1970 



Unrestricted Restricted Total 



1969 



Unrestricted Restricted Total 



$1,082,240 


122,213 


1,204,453 


953,685 


108,514 


1,062,199 


72,251 


66,758 

188,971 


139,009 


42,326 
996,011 


79,011 


121,337 


1,154,491 


1,343,462 


187,525 


1,183,536 


112,000 


188,971 


112,000 
1,455,462 


112,000 




112,000 


1,266,491 


1,108,011 


187,525 


1,295,536 


480,605 




480,605 


422,019 




422,019 


363,163 


33,010 


396,173 


323,382 


294,545 


617,927 




404,820 


404,820 




372,248 


372,248 


189,274 




189,274 


53,110 




53,110 


171,966 




171,966 


161,033 




161,033 


171,096 




171,096 


210,694 




210,694 


9,775 


626,801 


9,775 
3,279,171 


16,029 


854,318 


16,029 


2,652,370 


2,294,278 


3,148,596 


645,305 


423,607 


1,068,912 


621,688 


408,739 


1,030,427 


346,639 


24,990 


371,629 


312,471 


183,505 


495,976 


191,209 


1,427 


192,636 


175,618 


1,362 


176,980 


101,255 


27,168 


128,423 


93,187 


252,298 


345,485 




55,628 


55,628 




34,326 


34,326 


863,421 


19,302 


882,723 


723,851 


23,177 


747,028 


574,775 


6,674 


581,449 


516,509 


3,360 


519,869 




235,613 
794,409 


235,613 


2,443,324 


40,601 

947,368 

93,050 


40,601 


2,722,604 


3,517,013 
237,842 


3,390,692 


$ 70,234 


167,608 


149,046 


242,096 



35 



NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 

December 31, 1970 

1. Basis of financial statements 

In accordance with common institutional practice, building alterations and 
renovations and acquisitions of collections, furniture and equipment are charged 
to expense as incurred. No depreciation is provided on the Museum building, 
but annual appropriations (not based on the cost or remaining lives of specific 
assets) are made from the Operating Fund for heating plant renewal. In all 
other aspects, the accompanying statement is prepared on the accrual basis of 
accounting. 

2. Restrictions on expenditures 

The restricted and Museum Modernization funds are subject to restrictions 
placed upon the funds either by the donors or by the Board of Trustees. Those 
funds restricted by donors may be expended only in accordance with the terms of 
the respective gifts. Those funds restricted by the Trustees may be expended 
only for the purposes designated by the Trustees; such restrictions are revocable. 

3. Museum Modernization Fund 

As of January 1, 1970, a new Museum Modernization Fund was established 
and credited with restricted contributions and accumulated investment income 
aggregating $1,341,523 at December 31, 1970. This fund is not included in the 
accompanying statement of revenues and expenditures — current funds. Of the 
total contributions credited to the fund, $500,000 was received in 1969 and is 
subject to refund to the donors, with interest, if certain conditions are not met. 
No charges were made to the Museum Modernization Fund in 1970. 

4. Policy on investment income determination 

Effective in 1970, the Museum adopted what is known as the total return 
concept for investing its funds functioning as endowment (i.e., those funds on 
which restrictions on the use of principal have been imposed by action of the 
Museum's own Board of Trustees, rather than by outside donors or testators). 
Under this concept security investments are selected on the basis of expected total 
return including dividends, interest, and prospective appreciation. Since this 
policy may involve the purchase of attractive low yield investments, with result- 
ing reductions in dividend and interest receipts, the Museum has decided to 
compute investment income (from the funds functioning as endowment) available 
for expenditure each year as 5% of the average June 30 market values of the 
securities for the three preceding years. Differences between this amount and 
dividends and interest actually received each year are charged or credited to 
accumulated net gains on sales of securities held by funds functioning as endow- 
ment. In 1970 the resulting charge amounted to $107,576. 

5. Pension plan 

The Museum has a contributory trusteed pension plan covering substantially 
all employees. Pension expense under the plan, including amortization of past 
service cost over 15 years, amounted to $102,000 ($105,000 in 1969). The Mu- 
seum's normal policy is to fund pension costs accrued. The unfunded past service 
liability at December 31, 1970, as actuarially computed, was approximately 
$465,000. 

36 



6. Real estate valuation 

During 1970 the building located on the Museum's land at the corner of State 
and Madison Streets was designated as a Chicago landmark by the Chicago City 
Council. Counsel for the Museum believes that this designation has caused a 
decline in the value of the property but that the amount of any loss which the 
Museum may have sustained is not presently determinable. It is not believed, 
in any event, that such decline is material in the Hght of the Museum's total 
endowment funds. 

7. Reclassifications 

Certain amounts in the 1969 financial statements have been reclassified to con- 
form to the 1970 presentation. 



The Board of Trustees 

Field Museum of Natural History 

We have examined the accompanying statement of revenues and expenditures 
— current funds of the Field Museum of Natural History for the year ended De- 
cember 31, 1970, prepared on the basis described in Note 1. Our examination 
was made in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, and accord- 
ingly included such tests of the accounting records and such other auditing pro- 
cedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. 

In our opinion, the statement mentioned above presents fairly the revenues 
and expenditures — current funds of the Field Museum of Natural History for the 
year ended December 31, 1970 in conformity with the method of accounting de- 
scribed in Note 1 to the financial statements applied on a basis consistent with 
that of the preceding year, except for the change in accounting for investment 
income explained in Note 4. 

Arthur Young & Company 
Chicago, lUinois 
February 12, 1971 



37 



Contributions and Bequests 



The gifts of many individuals have built a gi'eat mu- 
seum. Contributions and bequests now and in the future 
will permit needed improvement of exhibits, expansion 
of the educational program, and increased support of 
scientific research. The following form is suggested to 
those who wish to provide for Field Museum of Natural 
Histoi'v in their wills: 



Form of Bequest 



I do hereb}^ give and bequeath to Field Museum of 
Natural History of the City of Chicago, State of Illinois: 



Cash contributions to Field Museum of Natural History 
are allowable as deductions in computing net income for 
federal income tax purposes. 



38 



DONORS TO THE COLLECTIONS OF THE 
MUSEUM 1969 - 1970 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 



Mrs. David J. Allen 
Anthropology Curriculum 

Study 
Herbert Baker 
Herbert Baker 

Advertising, Inc. 
Harlan J. Berk 
Sammy Berk 
Mr. and Mrs. Harold C. 

Boehme 
Miss Louise Borchelt 
Mrs. Mary Wilmarth 

Brown 
Dr. William C. Burger 
Robert Campbell 
Mrs. Ross P. Cicero 
Dr. Glen H. Cole 
Gary Edwards 
Mack Gilman 
Mrs. Paul Grant 
Harry Hefler 
Estate of Mrs. Jane 

Warder Hodgson 
Jon Holtzman 



Paul Holtzman 

Dr. and Mrs. F. Louis 

Hoover 
Lester Landman 
Evaristo Ledesma 
Estate of John A. Leith 
Mr. and Mrs. Phillip H. 

Lewis 
James E. Lockwood, Jr. 
Joseph C. Lyons 
Jerome Matuch 
Miss Florence Mikowski 
Mrs. Glenn W. Miller 
Mrs. Robert Nelson 
Albert Hardy Newman 
Mrs. Leslie Payne 
Mrs. Virginia Pettet 
Stephen Polyak 
Mrs. Elizabeth C. Porch 
Joaquin Mendoza 

Preciado 
Mr. and Mrs. David 

Press 



Mrs. Clarence B. 

Randall 
Georges D. Rodrigues 
Walter W. Sheridan 
Mrs. Lincoln Shimidzu 
Mrs. Samuel W. 

Simpson 
William F. Smith 
Mrs. Richard D. 

Stevenson 
Studio 33, Inc. 
Miss Marian Templeton 
Mrs. Mary Antonia 

Thomas 
James D. Thornton 
Baroness S. F. van 

Hoevell Teding 

van Berkhout 
E. Leland Webber 
Major Joseph W. 

Wheeler 
Mr. and Mrs. Raymond 

J. Wielgus 



DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 



British Museum 
(Natural History) 

California State College 

University of California 

Phillip T. Clark 

Dr. Jose Cuatrecasas 

Dr. R. Daubenmire 

Professor Angel Diaz 

Dudley Herbarium, 
Stanford University 

Donald C. Edinger 

Escuela Agricola 
Panamericana 

Dr. Robert Fleming 

Robert Fogel 

J. Fogelson 

Harvard University 
Herbaria 

Herbario Nacional, 
Institute de Biologia, 
Universidad Nacional 
Autonoma, Mexico 

Institute Botanico, 
Caracas 



Iowa State University 
University of Iowa 
Dr. B. A. Krukoff 
Loma Linda University 

Herbarium 
Francis Lukas 
Michigan State 

University 
University of Michigan 
John R. Millar 
Missouri Botanical 

Garden 
Museu Nacional, 

Rio de Janeiro 
New York Botanical 

Garden 
Ohio State University 
GTS Universidad de 

Costa Rica 
Palynologiska 

Laboratoriet, Sweden 
Royal Botanic Garden, 

Scotland 
A. Saejarto 



Robert Schanzle 
Dr. Rolf Singer 
Smithsonian Oceanic 

Sorting Center 
Stanford University 
W. S. and J. K. Street 

Expedition 
Texas A. & M. 

University 
University of Texas at 

Austin 
Tulane University 
U. S. D. A. Forest 

Service 
U. S. D. A. National 

Arboretum 
Universidad del Valle, 

Colombia 
Universidad Nacional 

Mayor de San Marco 
Vanderbilt University 
Mike Wilson 
University of Wisconsin 
Rudolph Ziesenhenne 



39 



(Donors to the Collections — continued) 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 



University of Arkansas 
Mrs. Charles Asher 
Ray Bandringa 
Francisco Mueller Basto 
Professor J. R. 

Beerbower 
Bruce Bell 
Mr. and Mrs. Melvin 

Berry 
Scot Bowman 
Jay Brouwer 
University of California 
Carnegie Museum 
Gerard Case 
University of Chicago 
Glenn Commons 
Denver Museum of 

Natural History 
Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln 

Douglass 
Jerome Duluk 
Dr. David Dunkle 
Dr. Wyatt Durham 
Robert S. Florczyk 
Thomas Gibbs 
Alan Gottesfeld 
Reinhold Groh 



Thomas E. Guensburg 

Paul Harris 

Harvard University 

Jerry Herdina 

Charles Hocking 

Earl Hoffman 

Miss Katherine Kamp 

Peter Kasik 

Robert Kott 

John Krzton 

Dr. V. E. Kurtz 

Stephen Le May 

John Lugar 

Dr. Richard Lund 

Professor R. W. 

Macomber 
Maine Township 

High School West 
Arch McLean 
Dr. David Nicol 
Dr. Ronald Parsley 
Dr. C. R. C. Paul 
Casey Pawlak 
Mr. and Mrs. Ted Piecko 
R. Peter Richards 
Steven Richardson 



Mr. and Mrs. Chas. 

Rodden 
Miss Mildred D. SchefTel 
David Schessel 
Bernard Schmidt 
Shuler Museum of 

Paleontology 
Herman M. Slatis 
Dr. W. H. Smith 
Dr. Thomas Taylor 
Dr. John H. Tenery 
Tiffany and Company 
Chester Dudley Tripp 
Joseph Urban 
Mrs. Roderick Van 

Trump 
Dr. Peter P. Vaughn 
B. W. Vogt 
Donald Weir 
Mr. and Mrs. Robert H. 

Whitfield 
Mr. and Mrs. Francis A. 

Wolff 
Jay Wollin 
David Wren 
David Young 



DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 



Arthur C. Allyn 
Peter L. Ames 
W. F. H. Ansell 
Dr. William F. Barr 
Julian Boos 
Ronald A. Brandon 
William L. Brown, Jr. 
Dr. and Mrs. Thomas A. 

Burch 
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 

Burke 
Ellen Carlson 
Ruth Carlson 
Miss Emilda Castillo 
Epimaco Castillo 
Mr. and Mrs. Crawford 

N. Gate 
Chicago Shell Club 
Chicago Zoological 

Society 
Dr. Earle A. Cross 
Stanley J. Dvorak, Jr. 
Henry Dybas 
Paul Earl 



Dr. David H. Eccles 
Dr. Robert E. Elbel 
Mr. and Mrs. Walter 

Erman 
Madame Felipe Espil 
Dr. Edward W. Eager 
Jacob J. Fischthal 
Florida Board of 

Conservation 
Mrs. Arthur A. Frost 
Dr. Dean P. Furman 
E. Gerrard & Sons 
Miss Susan Girardi 
Dr. B. P. Glass 
H. K. Gloyd 
Dr. David Greenfield 
Dr. Earle A. Gross 
Gulf Coast Research 

Laboratory Museum 
Mrs. Lloyd Orr Haid 
Miss Adelaide M. 

Harrold 
D. Hitchin 



Donald Hocking 

C. E. Hoger 

F. E. Holly 

Dr. Harry Hoogstraal 

Dr. Henry Howden 

Leslie Hubricht 

University of Illinois 

Medical Center 
Raymond J. Jae 
Japan Monkey Centre 
Michael Johnson 
Eugene P. Keferl 
Mrs. R. B. Kemp 
Dr. David Kistner 
Dr. Glen M. Kohls 
N. L. H. Krauss 
Ronald Lambert 
Mr. and Mrs. John 

Landers 
Dr. Robert E. Lewis 
Dr. Karel F. Liem 
Lincoln Park 

Zoological Society 



40 



(Donors to the Collections — continued) 



Ch'eng-Chao Liu 
Dr. Carlos Machado- 

Allison 
Dr. William MacLean 
Joe T. Marshall 
J. I. Menzies 
Andrew Moldenke 
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur T. 

Moulding 
Thomas Olechowski 
Dr. Orlando Park 
Dwain W. Parrack 
Dr. Luis E. Pena 
Terry Perry 
Dr. B. V. Peterson 
Fred Pfaff 
Karl Plath 
Laurie Price 
Dr. George Rabb 
Dr. D. S. Rabor 



Dr. Frank J. Radovsky 
Dr. Austin L. Rand 
Dr. Charles Reed 
Dr. Eugene S. 

Richardson, Jr. 
Arnold Richter 
Rev. J. C. E. Riotte 
San Diego Zoo 
Sana Atallah 
Mrs. Frieda Schilling 
John G. Shedd 

Aquarium 
William E. Sieker 
AUyn G. Smith 
Mrs. Clara Spiegel 
R. Andrew Stevens 
Dr. Walter Suter 
Dr. M. A. Tamers 
Melvin Traylor 



Ray Treon, Jr. 

Dr. William TurnbuU 

U. S. Army Medical 

Department 
Dr. R. L. Usinger 
Dr. Harold K. Voris 
Dr. John Wagner 
Mrs. D. C. Ward 
Mr. and Mrs. R. H. 

Warren 
Richard Wassersug 

E. Leland Webber 
Donald Weir 
Frederick T. Wiggins, Jr. 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 

F. G. Wood 

Dr. Conrad Yunker 
August Ziemer 
John Zitta 



LIBRARY 



Banco de la Repiiblica, 
Bogota, Colombia 

W. J. Barrow Research 
Laboratory, 
Richmond, Va. 

Joseph Spear Beck 

Mrs. Frank Bopp 

British Museum 
(Natural History) 

Cambridge Philo- 
sophical Society 

Dr. John B. Carpenter 

Dr. Donald CoUier 

David R. Cook 

H. Croasdale 

Dr. Ulrich F. Danckers 

Dr. L. S. Davitashvili 

Henry S. Dybas 

Dr. E. C. Edinger 

Encyclopaedia Brittanica 

W. Peyton Fawcett 

Albert M. Fehring 

Dr. Henry Field 

Dr. Roland W. Force 

Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 

Dr. Fritz Haas 

K. Handtke 

Mrs. R. F. Howe 

Insj;itut des Hautes 
Etudes de I'Amerique 
Latine, Paris 



Japan Racing Association 
N. L. H. Krauss 
Dr. Kenneth F. Lampe 
Christopher C. Legge 
Dr. PhiUip H. Lewis 
Dr. Karel F. Liem 
Alton A. Lindsay 
Mr. and Mrs. Remick 

McDowell 
Richard A. Martin 
Mrs. George Allen Mason 
Sidney M. Mead 
Dr. Joseph C. Moore 
Dr. A. Edward Murray 
Edward G. Nash 
Newberry Library, 

Chicago, 111. 
Natividad Noriega 
Dr. Edward J. Olsen 
Dr. Luciana Pallestrini 
Mrs. Howard R. Peterson 
Michael Prokop 
Dr. Austin L. Rand 
William N. Roark 
Ernest J. Roscoe 
Frederick Rosengarten, 

Jr. 
Samuel R. Rosenthal 
Dr. Alberto Ruz Lhuillier 
Tom L. Sancha 
Dr. Wayne Serven 



Dr. Donald R. Simpson 
Dr. Leon Siroto 
Dr. H. Sleumer 
Hermon Dunlap Smith 
Dr. Alan Solem 
Dr. Kenneth Starr 
Mrs. Virginia Straub 
Mr. and Mrs. William S. 

Street 
Dr. Bogdan Stugren 
Tokyo National Museum 
U Tun Yin 
Mrs. Nelson H. Utley 
Charles Valauskas 
Dr. James W. VanStone 
Venezuela. Direccion de 

Cartografia Nacional 
Charles Vesely 
Dr. Paul D. Voth 
Dr. Allen Wardwell 
A. S. Warthin, Jr. 
E. Leland Webber 
Dr. Marvin J. Weller 
Whatcom Museum of 

History and Art, 

Bellingham, Wash. 
Raymond Wielgus 
Dr. Johannes Wilbert 
Mrs. Carl Williams 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 
Glenn E. Wixom 
Loren P. Woods 



41 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

Mrs. John Stephens Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Warren 

Mrs. Autumn Grisch Henry P. Wheeler 

DONORS OF MATERIALS TO THE MUSEUM 

The Art Institute of Chicago National Institutes of Health 



42 



DONORS TO THE FUNDS OF THE 
MUSEUM -TOTAL FOR 1969-1970 



INDIVIDUALS 



DONATIONS OF $5000 OR MORE 



Lester Armour 
Mr. & Mrs. Bowen Blair 
Dewitt W. Buchanan 
James A. Cathcart 

(Foundation) 
Mr. & Mrs. Elliott 

Donnelley 
Mr. & Mrs. Gaylord 

Donnelley 
Joseph N. Field 
HBB Foundation- 
Mr. & Mrs. Theodore 
Tieken 
Mrs. John L. Kellogg 
William H. Mitchell 



Estate of Jens A. Paasche 

(Bequest) 
Mr. & Mrs. John Shedd 

Reed 
Mrs. Clive Runnells 
John S. Runnells 
John G. and Frances C. 

Searle Fund 
Mr. & Mrs. John M. 

Simpson 
Mr. & Mrs. Edward 

Byron Smith 
Mr. & Mrs. Hermon 

Dunlap Smith 
Mr. & Mrs. Solomon 

Byron Smith 



Mr. & Mrs. Jack C. 

Staehle 
Sarah Adelia Stanley 

Trust (Martin A. & 

Carrie Ryerson 

Endowment Fund) 
Mrs. David W. Stewart 
The Ruth and Vernon 

Taylor Foundation 
Mr. & Mrs. Chester 

Dudley Tripp 
Women's Board of 

Field Museum 
Philip K. Wrigley 



DONATIONS OF $1000-$4999 



Dr. T. George Allen 
Arthur C. Allyn 
James W. Alsdorf 

(Foundation) 
Mr. & Mrs. A. Watson 

Armour III 
Mrs. Stanton Armour, Sr. 
Mr. & Mrs. David H. 

Barnow 
Harry O. Bercher 
Mr. & Mrs. J. H. Becker 
William McCormick 

Blair 
Mrs. L. E. Block 
Mary and Leigh Block 

Charitable Fund, Inc. 
Baird Brown 
Mr. & Mrs. Cameron 

Brown 
Miss Margaret B. 

Conover 
Mrs. James A. Cook 
Dexter Cummings 
Mr. & Mrs. C. S. Cutting 
Mrs. Suzette M. 

Davidson 
Mrs. Burt J. Denman 
Mr. & Mrs. Theodore C. 

Diller 



Mr. & Mrs. Thomas E. 

Donnelley 
Mr. & Mrs. R. W. Ellis 
Robert C. Erwood & 

Mildred Johnson 
Mrs. Webb A. Everett 
Albert D. Farwell 
Marshall Field 
Mr. & Mrs. Nicholas 

Galitzine 
Mrs. Anne Rickcords 

Gait 
Paul W. Goodrich 
Ernest Guild 
Charles C. Haffner III 
Hales Charitable Fund, 

Inc. 
Mrs. Burton W. Hales 
Mrs. Corwith Hamill 
Mr. & Mrs. Herbert C. 

Hansen 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert F. 

Hanson 
Mrs. Esther Pardee 

Harper 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert S. 

Hartman 
Mr. & Mrs. J. B. Hawkes 



Mrs. Joseph W. Hibben 

(The Seabury 

Foundation) 
Mrs. Robert Hixon 
Dr. Helen Holt 
Mr. & Mrs. Roger F. 

Howe 
Mrs. C. Agnes Lawrence 
Robert O. Lehmann 

(Otto W. Lehmann 

Foundation) 
Mr. & Mrs. John W. 

Leslie 
Mr. & Mrs. Maurice Lieb 
Mr. & Mrs. Remick 

McDowell 
Mrs. F. Leighton 

Merserve 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles 

Minarik 
Col. & Mrs. John B. 

Naser 
Mr. & Mrs. Norman 

Nelson 
Mr. & Mrs. Harold W. 

Norman 
Mr. & Mrs. Bruce Parks 

Olson 



43 



(Individuals' Donations of $1 000- $4999— coA??//7iyeo') 



Seymour Oppenheimer 

James L. Palmer 

Mr. & Mrs. John Reich 

David W. Rewick 

Mrs. Frances E. Riley 

J. H. Riley 

Mrs. T. Cliflford Rodman 

Mr. & Mrs. Samuel R. 

Rosenthal 
Mr. & Mrs. George W. 

Ryerson 
Mr. & Mrs. Irving 

Schweiger 
William L. Searle 



Mr. & Mrs. Thomas W. 

Sigborn 
Mr. & Mrs. Gerald 

Sivage 
Mr. & Mrs. Leslie H. 

Smith 
Dr. and Mrs. Daniel 

Snydacker 
Mr. & Mrs. R. D. Stuart 
Mr. & Mrs. William G. 

Swartchild, Jr. 
James L. Taylor 
Mr. & Mrs. G. H. 

Watkins 



John W. Watzek, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. James E. 

Weber 
Mr. & Mrs. Medard 

Welch 
Miss Adele Whitney 
Miss Lois Whitney 
Mr. & Mrs. Ronald 

Wilson 
Mr. & Mrs. J. Howard 

Wood 
Mr. & Mrs. Frank H. 

Woods 
Mrs. Claire B. Zeisler 
Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth V. 

Zwiener 



DONATIONS OF LESS THAN $1000 



Mr. & Mrs. Ely M. Aaron 
Jules Abramson 
Paul W. Ackerman 
Roger Ackley 
Cyrus H. Adams III 
Earl H. Addison 
Dr. Bernard H. Adelson 
Dr. Robert Adler 
Robert S. Adler Family 

Fund 
Lawrence J. Aggerbeck 
W. B. Agler 
Elbert V. Ainger 
0. A. Akerlund 
Mrs. H. Albertine, Jr. 
George Albiez 
Thomas W. Adler 
William W. Alderman, 

Jr. 
A. M. Aldrich 
Arthur D. Alex 
Edward Alexander 
William H. Alexander 
Charles J. Allen 
Fred M. Allen 
Walter L. Allen 
John AUerton 
Hamilton Allport 
Mrs. A. Alschuler 
Richard H. Alschuler 
Mrs. Josephine C. Ames 
Miss Bonnie J. Andersen 
Alfred Anderson 
Mr. & Mrs. C. E. 

Anderson 
Corliss D. Anderson 
Donald B. Anderson 
Miss Gretchen F. 

Anderson 



Mr. & Mrs. Hugo 

Anderson 
Mr. & Mrs. J. A. 

Anderson 
Stephan Anderson 
Vern Anderson 
Arthur Andre 
Mrs. Marjorie C. Andre 
Mrs. Roy Andrews 
Henry Angsten 
H. E. Anning 
Vernon Annamunthodo 
W. John Anthony 
Gordon Appell 
Arthur I. Appleton 
Frank K. Armour 
Laurance H. and 

M argot B. Armour 
Norbert F. Armour 
Mrs. Stanton Armour, Sr. 
Mrs. Vernon Armour 
A. Watson Armour IV 
Mrs. Clara Stockton 

Armstrong 
Mrs. E. Armstrong 
Leslie Arnett 
Herbert R. Arnold 
Mrs. L. Arnold 
Lester Aronberg 
Harry Aronson 
George Arquilla, Jr. 
William Arzbaecher, Jr. 
Frederick Asher 
Guilford N. Askew 
Carl E. Atwood 
Henry J. Auer 
Edwin C. Austin 
Arthur Averitt 
Mrs. John P. Ayer 



Mrs. Gustavus Babson 
Alexander Bacci 
Richard L. Bach 
Arthur A. Baer 
Mrs. R. A. Baer 
David P. Baier 
Miss Pat Bain 
John W. Baird 
Mrs. R. M. Baird 
Mrs. H. Bairstow, Jr. 
George J. Bakalis 
James Baker 
E. M. Bakwin 
Charles A. Balch 
Benjamin H. Baldwin 
William H. Ball 
Williard J. Ball 
Ronald Balut 
James Banks 
Dr. Sam W. Banks 
William B. Banta 
Edward Bara, Sr. 
Mrs. L. Barazowski 
Franklin D. Barber 
H. A. Barber 
Oscar A. Barke 
Paula S. Barker 
W. Curtis Barkes 
Dr. & Mrs. G. Barnett 
Mr. & Mrs. D. H. 

Barnow 
G. G. Baron 
Charles L. Barr 
George Barr 
Mrs. Avis Barrett 
Mrs. Scammon Barry 
George W. Barth 
Henry Bartholomay III 



44 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Robert C. Bartlett 
George F. Bartoszek 
Paul J. Basinger 
Charles Bass Trust 

(Bequest) 
Emery Bass 
Mr. & Mrs. R. O. Bass 
George A. Basta 
James Bateman 
Miss Faye E. Bates 
Ernest T. Baughman 
Alvin H. Baum 
Harry T. Baumann 
Mr. & Mrs. Mark L. 

Baxter 
Michael Bayard 
Mrs. G. Beach, Jr. 
Orville C. Beattie 
Ross J. Beatty 
Miss Edith Becker 
Mrs. S. Max Becker, Jr. 
Robert C. Becherer 
Mr. & Mrs. A. N. 

Bederman 
Ernest A. Bederman 
Frank C. Bednar 
Mrs. Morrison D. Beers 
Harry R. Begley 
Daniel W. Behnke 
Mrs. B. L. Behr 
Dr. H. R. Beiser 
Mrs. L. Bell 
Dr. John Bellows 
Alfred Benesch 
John F. Benjamin 
Bertram W. Bennett 
Mr. & Mrs. E. H. 

Bennett, Jr. 
Gail Bennett 
Mrs. G. Bent 
John P. Bent 
Mrs. P. Bentley 
William Bentley 
Keith Bentz 
Harry 0. Bercher 
Lambert Bere 
Garret L. Bergen 
Robert Berghoff 
Richard Berliner 
Mrs. E. Bermingham 
Mrs. L. Berton 
Jack Besser 
Harry J. Bettendorf 
Dr. Henry B. Betts 
Miss Hermine Beukema 
James B. Bevill 
Miss Moyra Beynon 
Charles E. Bidwell 
Andrew P. Bieber 



Mrs. L. W. Bicker 

Charles F. Biersborn 

Paul E. Birk 

Mrs. F. J. Bittel 

Richard Bittenbender 

E. R. Bixby 

W. R. Blew 

Mr. & Mrs. J. B. Black 

John C. Blackmore 

Blake Blair 

Mrs. E. McCormick 

Blair 
E. S. Blanck 
Dr. R. H. Blankshain 
T. R. Blatchford 
W. R. Blew 

Mr. & Mrs. M. M. Blink 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph Block 
Mr. & Mrs. P. D. Block, 

Jr. 
Harry Blout 
Milroy R. Blowitz 
Herbert Blum 
Mr. & Mrs. H. R. 

Blumberg 
CM. Blumenschein 
Raymond S. Blunt, Sr. 
Mrs. G. V. Bobrinskov 
Earl C. Bodine 
Harold C. Bodine 
Paul J. Bodine, Jr. 
Stephen Bodjanac 
W. S. Bodman 
Arthur Boettcher 
James A. Boggis 
Mrs. Joan Bohlin 
Henry BoUing 
Gerald G. Bolotin 
Howard Boltz 
Mrs. M. E. Bonadonna 
Orville J. Bond 
Louis Bonhajo 
Jerome Bonkowski 
Mrs. Miriam Booth 
Mrs. M. Storrs Booz 
Mr. & Mrs. F. H. Bopp 
Dr. & Mrs. W. Borges 
Mrs. B. Borland 
Mrs. J. J. Borland II 
Mrs. M. Boruszak 
Fred M. Borwell 
Fred P. Bosselman 
J. E. Bossong 
C. Laury Botthof 
Jackson L. Boughner 
J. R. Boulis 
Mrs. A. J. Bowe 
Mrs. William J. Bowe 
Robert Bowen 



Mrs. C. Bowen 
Murray L. Box 
Darrell S. Boyd 
Dr. & Mrs. J. R. Boyd 
Mrs. A. B. Bradley 
Harold S. Brady 
James Brakefield 
Dr. L. H. Brammer 
A. Bramsen 
S. Bramsen 
Theodore C. Brand 
Dr. H. Brandman 
LesHe A. Brandt 
Mr. & Mrs. W. H. 

Brandt 
William T. Branham 
Harvey W. Branigar, Jr. 
Lester W. Brann, Jr. 
David P. Brannin 
John J. Bransfield, Jr. 
E. L. Brashears 
August J. Braun 
Dr. Milton Braun 
Thomas Breen 
WiUiam E. Breitzke 
Dr. & Mrs. W. C. 

Brennan 
Miss Hannah Brenner 
Dr. & Mrs. H. C. 

Breuhaus 
George L. Briggs 
Mrs. Adele C. Brigham 
Miss A. M. Bright 
Dr. Allan G. Brodie, Jr. 
Mrs. Bertram Z. Brodie 
Mrs. A. L. Brody 
Mrs. Louise K. Broman 
Mr. & Mrs. M. S. 

Bromwell 
Beckwith R. Bronson 
Walter D. Bronson 
H. C. Brook 
Mrs. Melvin Brorby 
Charles L. Brown, Jr. 
Mrs. Gardner Brown 
Isidore Brown 
James E. Brown 
James Brown IV 
Mrs. Murray C. Brown 
Mrs. Roger O. Brown 
Dr. Rowine H. Brown 
Mr. & Mrs. J. Russell 

Brown 
Mrs. J. W. Brown 
Sheldon Brown 
Mrs. W. A. Brown, Jr. 
Mrs. W. L. Brown 
Aldis J. Browne, Jr. 
Miss Callie Broxton 



45 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Richard H. Bruce 
Matt Bruch 
Mrs. A. L. Bruckner 
Joseph E. Brunswick 
Miss D. M. Bryan 
Mrs. J. Bryan 
Miss D. C. Bryant 
Leo E. Bryant 
Mrs. C. Buchanan 
Mrs. De Witt W. 

Buchanan, Jr. 
Donald P. Buchanan 
Eugene D. Buchanan 
Gordon Buchanan, Jr. 
Walther Buchen 
Mrs. E. Buckingham 
Dr. Paul C. Bucy 
Mrs. R. W. Buddington 
Robert E. Budorick 
Mr. & Mrs. A. C. 

Buehler, Jr. 
H. L. Buehler 
Robert Buehler 
Louis J. Buffardi 
Roland A. Buhl 
Lewis E. Bulkeley 
Richard Bullock 
Clayton B. Burch 
James E. Burd 
Patricia J. Burda 
William C. Burger 
F. E. Burgess 
Mrs. K. F. Burgess 
Miss Mildred Burgess 
Herman Burgi, Jr. 
Mrs. A. L. Burke 
Mrs. J. O. Burke 
Thomas M. Burke 
Leo Burnett 
Mr. & Mrs. L. C. Burns 
Miss M. L. Burns 
Richard E. Burow 
Robert S. Burrows 
Edwin R. Burt 
Raymond C. Burton 
Robert R. Burton 
Mrs. D. M. Burwell 
John C. Butler 
Edward J. Byrne 
Dr. Hyo Hyun Byun 

Louis F. Cainkar 
Mr. & Mrs. S. C. 

Caldwell 
Wesley C. Calef 
Daniel H. Callahan 
Eugene Callen 
Milton H. Callner 

Foundation 



Mrs. Harry Calvin 
Chris Cameris 
Mrs. Chesser M. 

Campbell 
Donald F. Campbell, Jr. 
Hugh Campbell 
Mrs. James Campbell 
Ralph O. Campbell 
Dr. Kenneth M. 

Campione 
David L. Canmann 
Alfredo Capitanini 
Nicholas J. Capos 
Mrs. Charles Carey 
Thomas F. Carey 
Otto Frederick Carl 
George T. Carlin 
Leo J. Carlin 
Roger L. Carlson 
Donald A. Carney 
Peter R. Carney 
W. Roy Carney 
Mr. & Mrs. Dorr B. 

Carpenter 
Mrs. R. F. Carr 
Lewis C. Carroll 
Dr. M. E. Carroll 
Miss Anne G. Carter 
John C. Carter 
Philip V. Carter 
Dr. Robert W. Carton 
F. Strother Gary, Jr. 
Dr. & Mrs. D. J. Caseley 
Thomas J. Casey 
Victor M. Cassidy 
Mr. & Mrs. J. H. Gate 
Silas S. Cathcart 
J. Herbert Cattell 
J. J. Cavanaugh 
The Caxton Club 
Warren Cecil 
John L. Cella 
Joe Gervenka 
Dr. Helen Challand 
Rayrriond M. Champion, 

Jr. 
Mrs. H. T. Chandler 
Mr. & Mrs. K. Chandler 
Marvin Chandler 
Caroline S. and 

George S. Chappell, Jr 
Dr. Allan G. Charles 
Dr. J. A. Chenicek 
Chicago Shell Club 
Chicago Woman's Club 
Dr. Wayne S. Chilcote, 

Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. F. Newell 

Childs 



William G. Chorn 
Peder A. Christensen 
Dr. G. L. Christopher 
Mrs. F. S. Church 
Herbert S. Church, Jr. 
Robert R. Church, Jr. 
Miss Deborah Cicerchia 
Miss Helen M. Cirese 
Roy W. Clanskv, Jr. 
Mrs. E. C. Clark 
Norman Clark 
John Walter Clarke 
Mrs. Philip R. Clarke 
Miss Georgetta Clarkston 
John K. Clauson 
J. Benjamin Cleaver 
James E. Clemens 
George L. Clements 
Lloyd T. Clemetsen 
Mrs. Duane L. Clinton 
A. J. Clonick 
Kent S. Clow 
Miss Marion Clow 
Mr. & Mrs. H. Clorfene 
William F. Coale, Jr. 
Eleanor Coambs 
Mr. & Mrs. R. E. Coburn 
Mrs. Eric W. Cochrane 
John L. Cochran 
Robert P. CofRn 
Mr. & Mrs. A. H. Cohen 
Miss Laura Cohen 
Maxim M. Cohen 
Perry Cohen 
Lester M. Cohn 
Norman Cohn 
Robert H. Cohn 
Mrs. Charles C. Colby 
Bruce H. Cole 
Dr. Roger B. Cole 
Clarence L. Coleman 
Marvin H. Coleman 
Ira Colitz 
Julien Collins 
Mrs. Philip Colnon 
WiUiam R. Colton 
E. M. Combs III 
John H. Coman 
Fairfax M. Cone 
Philip Conley 
James Conner 
Ronnoc Hill Connor 
Arthur W. Consoer 
Philip Contant 
Mr. & Mrs. James Cook 
Richard S. Cook 
R. W. Coomer 
J. C. Corbett 
Mrs. M. P. Cornelius, Sr. 



46 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $^ 000— continued) 



Malcolm D. Corner 
Dr. William H. Cornog 
Dr. Maurice H. Cottle 
Donald Cottrell, Jr. 
Thomas H. Coulter 
Charles B. Coursen 
Richard N. Courtice 
Mr. & Mrs. R. B. 

Courtney 
Mrs. William S. 

Covington 
Mr. & Mrs. Ralph Cowan 
Dr. Jack P. Cowen 
Alfred Cowles 
Knight C. Cowles 
Mr. & Mrs. Clifford B. 

Cox 
C. R. Cox 
Thomas R. Coyne 
Mr. & Mrs. S. G. Craig 
Mrs. Norman L. Cram 
Arthur A. Cramer, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. W. F. 

Crawford 
Walter H. Creber, Jr. 
Mrs. John J. Crown 
Lester Crown 
B. W. Crume, Jr. 
Victor Cullin 
Frank Cullotta 
Tilden Cummings 
Samuel W. Curry 
Mrs. Austin T. Cushman 
A. Michael Cusick 
Michael J. Cusumano 
Paul William Cutler 
Dr. & Mrs. R. P. Cutler 
Paul William Cutler 
Miss Gertrude Curtis 

Thomas C. Dabovich 
Miss Thorine Dahl 
Mrs. Florence F. Dane 
Dr. David Danforth 
George Edson Danforth 
William F. Danforth 
Oscar O. D'Angelo 
Mrs. W. A. Daugherty 
Sigmund W. David 
Mr. & Mrs. L. S. 

Davidow 
David W. Davidson 
Mr. & Mrs. Eugene A. 

Davidson (Sterling 

Morton Charitable 

Trust) 
CharJas A. Davis 
Dr. Charles F. Davis 
Mrs. D. D. Davis 



Howard J. Davis 
Orval C. Davis 
Dr. T. N. Davis III 
Wesley H. Day 
Mr. & Mrs. J. Deagan 
Bruce Dean 
Thomas A. Dean 
Mr. & Mrs. E. Dedmon 
James J. Deegan 
Norman DeHaan 
Louis H. T. Dehmlow 
Dr. Friedrich Deinhardt 
Anton R. Dekom 
Paul A. Delcourt 
Mrs. Charles DeLong 
George L. DeMent 
William R. Demmert 
R. J. DeMotte 
Joseph W. Dennis 
Mrs. J. R. DePencier 
William E. Derrah 
Ashley D. DeShazor 
Joseph Desloge 
Gus C. Detlefsen 
Edward J. DeWitt 
Mr. & Mrs. De Ver 

Sholes 
John J. Devery 
Mr. & Mrs. J. De Young 
David L. Diana 
Mrs. Albert B. Dick, Jr. 
Mrs. Edison Dick 
E. G. Dierks 
Miss Nancy A. Dietrich 
Mr. & Mrs. J. E. 

Dietzgen 
John B. Diezel 
Mr. & Mrs. Otto C. Dill 
Robert C. Dille 
Robert Diller 
W. S. Dillon 
Dominick Di Matteo, Jr. 
Mrs. Phelix Dinelli 
J. Richard Dirks 
Geoffrey Whitmore 

Disston 
Dr. & Mrs. J. W. Ditzler 
Mrs. Arthur Dixon 
George Dlesk 
Dr. F. W. Dobbs 
Isidor Doctor 
Mrs. E. J. Doering 
Burtis J. Dolan, Jr. 
Robert J. Dolan 
John L. Dole 
W. Fred Dolke 
David Dolnick 
James C. Domabyl 
Norbert F. Dompke 



Mrs. Stephen E. Donlon 
David E. Donnelley 
James R. Donnelley 
Miss Kathryn F. 

Donnelly 
Robert G. Donnelley 
Raphael G. Dooman 
Maurice M. Dore 
Mr. & Mrs. Q. P. 

Dorschel 
George D. Doty 
Arthur H. Douglas, Jr. 
Miss Clara Douglas 
William C. Douglas 
H. James Douglass 
Mrs. H. J. Douglass 
John F. Douglass 
Mr. & Mrs. G. H. 

Dovenhuehle 
Lyman M. Drake, Jr. 
Robert T. Drake 
George Dreher 
Raymond C. Dreier 
Max Dressier 
Mr. & Mrs. R. M. Drevs 
Miss Dianne G. Drobish 
Daniel B. Droege 
Joseph A. Dubbs 
Miss Ruth Duckworth 
Walter J. Ducey 
Mrs. A. A. Duer 
Lester Dugas, Jr. 
George B. Duhamel 
Steven J. Dulla 
Miss Louise Dunbar 
Norman J. Dunbeck 
Carl P. Duncan 
Louis C. Duncan 
Mrs. Allison Dunham 
William E. Dunlap 
Charles Dunlop 
The Reverend R. G. 

Dunlop 
Lewis Dunn 
William J. Dunn 
William E. Dunshee 
Robert L. Duntley 
Winfield T. Durbin 
R. Gregory Durham 
Miss Cynthia Ann Durko 
B. L. Durling 
Henry Dybas 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert T. 

Dyer 
Wilbur E. Dyer 

Thomas E. Earle 
The Earth Science Club 
of Northern Illinois 



47 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Carl J. Easterberg 

Mrs. A. D. Eastman 

Carl H. Ebert 

Nate Eckstein 

Morris R. Eddy 

Mr. & Mrs. W. M. Edens 

Mrs. Guy Ederheimer, 

Jr. 
Murray Edes 
Peter Edge 

Dr. 0. H. Edinger, Jr. 
Lawrence L. Edlund 
James A. Edmonds 
Mark Egan 
Gerard J. Eger 
Marvin W. Ehlers 
Stanton L. Ehrlich 
Walter H. Ehrmann 
Fred R. Eiseman 
Ernest A. Eklund 
William Elfenbaum 
Mrs. Elsie H. Elgin 
Avery Eliscu 
E. E. Ellies 
Miss Grace E. Elliott 
Dr. Margaret Elliott 
Mrs. G. Corson Ellis 
Dr. James P. Elmes 
Mrs. Henry Embree 
J. W. Embree, Jr. 
Miss M. Caroline Emich 
William L. English 
Robert A. Enlow 
E. Stanley Enlund 
Mrs. Laura Pratt Erick 
Donald Erickson 
Walter Erman 
Floyd Ervin 
Jerome L. Ettelson 
Mrs. Bergen Evans 
Chester Evans 
W. M. Evans 
Boyd Everett 
William S. Everett 
Gordon H. Ewen 

A. L. Fader 

Mr. & Mrs. Abel F. 

Fagen 
W. E. Fahey 
Stanley W. Faierson 
S. J. Fairweather 
Mrs. Ralph Falk 
Joseph C. Fall 
Paul E. Fanta 
David L. Fargo 
Mrs. H. D. Fargo, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Preston 

Farley 



Mrs. Ernest H. Farrell 
Richard J. Farrell 
Bernard Feinberg 
Mrs. Bernard J. 

Felbinger 
Charles R. Feldstein 
John F. Fenn 
Mrs. J. F. Fennelly 
Mr. & Mrs. Calvin 

Fentress, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Judge H. 

Fern 
Armin F. Fick 
Jack H. Fields 
Robert S. Fiffer 
Dr. & Mrs. Morris 

Fishbein 
Mylon O. Fisher 
Mr. & Mrs. P. M.Fisher 
Mr. & Mrs. Robert D. 

Fitzgerald 
Robert G. Flagg 
Mrs. E. F. Flegg 
Miss Anne Fleischman 
Miss Louise Fleischman 
Dr. James F. Fleming 
Joseph Fletcher 
Mrs. Mildred C. Fletcher 
Philip H. Flick 
Mrs. J. B. Fligman 
John Flodin 
James G. Flood 
Anton G. Florian 
Fred S. Floyd 
Jerry H. Fogelson 
Charles W. Folds 
Cifford P. Foley 
Dwight W. Follett 
Mrs. Eliot E. Foltz 
Dr. L. Forcart 
Mrs. John L. Forch, Jr. 
Edwin S. Ford 
Alfred K. Foreman, Jr. 
Peter B. Foreman 
Donald C. Forrey 
Mrs. George H. Forsyth 
Miss Thelma A. Fowler 
Earl B. Fox 
John Jay Fox 
Richard Foxwell 
Charles D. Fraker 
Stanley Framburg, Sr. 
Ejler Frandsen 
A. A. Frank, Jr. 
Gerald B. Frank 
ZoUie and Elanie Frank 

Fund 
Marshall Frankel 



Charles P. A. 

Frankenthal 
Mr. & Mrs. E. S. Fraser 
Mrs. George E. Frazer 
Hermann Frauen 
Dr. Vincent C. Freda 
Miss Carolyn Frederick 
Dr. Christabel H. 

Frederick 
Dr. Kenneth A. Freeman 
Mr. & Mrs. Gaylord 

Freeman, Jr. 
William M. Freeman 
Frederick E. French 
Miss Phyllis J. French 
Mrs. J. Dennis Freund 
Robert A. Fried 
Dr. Stanton A. 

Friedberg 
Mrs. Herbert A. 

Friedlich 
Fred M. Friedlob 
Mark Friedman 
WiUiam J. Friedman 
Edwin H. Friesendorf 
Hellmut FVitzsche 
William D. Frost 
FVank M. Fucik 

E. Montford Fucik 
R. Neal Fulk 

W. W. Fullagar 
Mrs. A. W. F. Fuller 
Douglas R. Fuller 
Mr. & Mrs. Judson E. 

Fuller 
Dave Fultz 
Frank A. Furar 

Joseph M. Gabriel 
Lawrence N. Gabriel 
Rudolph R. Gabriel 
Miss Elsie Gadzinski 
Mrs. M. H. Gaines 
Filmore W. Galaty 
Mrs. Geraldine Gallagher 
John F. Gallagher 
Mrs. H. W. Galley 
Mrs. Anne Rickcords 

Gait 
Jack Gaiter 
Mrs. Helen Gant 
William E. Garapick, Jr. 
Mrs. James L. Garard 
Mrs. Myrl A. Garas 

F. Sewall Gardner 
Henry K. Gardner 
Mrs. Harry H. Garner 
Mrs. J. M. Garner 
Miss Maryella Garner 



48 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Alan C. Garrett 
Robert R. Garrison 
George P. Garver 
W. H. Garvey, Jr. 
Dr. Carl L. Gast 
Harvey P. Gates 
Richard I. Gavin 
Robert Gay 
Mrs. Ruth K. Gaylord 
John J. Gearen 
A. E. Gebhardt 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul G. 

Gebhard 
Dr. John E. Gedo 
James W. Gee 
Dr. & Mrs. Clyde Geiger 
John T. Geldermann 
Calvin M. George 
Raymond I. Geraldson 
John H. Gerard 
Samuel H. Gersh 
Louis Gershon 
Mrs. Jesse R. Gerstley 
Edward J. Gessner 
Mrs. Harry W. Getz 
James R. Getz 
Oscar Getz 
Montanarella 

Giannandrea 
Thomas E. Gibbs, Jr. 
William T. Gibbs 
Mr. & Mrs. Willard 

Gidwitz 
Procter J. Gilbert 
Dr. R. Kennedy 

Gilchrist 
Robert T. Gilchrist 
Mr. & Mrs. J. G. Gilkey, 

Jr. 
Langdon B. Gilkey 
Joseph L. Gill 
Dr. & Mrs. John 

Gilmore 
Miss Constance G. 

Gintilas 
Dr. Tawfik F. Girgis 
Mr. & Mrs. Dennis F. 

Glass 
Louis J. Glass 
James J. Glasser 
Mrs. Morris Glasser 
Mrs. James J. Glassner 
Robert T. Glidden 
Mrs. Charles F. Glore 
Mrs. Albert H. Glos 
John P. Gnaedinger 
Robert V. Gnapp 
Louis H. Goebel 



Mr. & Mrs. C. H. 

Goelzer 
Mr. & Mrs. G. C. Goewey 
Bertrand Goldberg 
Mr. & Mrs. Herman 

Goldberg 
Fred L. Goldsby 
Joseph J. Golman 
August T. Gonia 
Mrs. Howard Goodman 
George S. Gordey 
CoHn S. Gordon 
Herman J. Gordon 
Miss Marion G. Gordon 
Sidney S. Gorham, Jr. 
Richard Gough 
Mr. & Mrs. Howard P. 

Gould 
Mrs. Samuel Gould 
Harold J. Graf 
Paul A. Graf 
Mrs. Everett D. Graff 
William Grage 
Mr. & Mrs. A. R. 

Graham 
Donald M. Graham 
Robert L Graham 
William B. Graham 
Michael E. Grant 
Dr. Gunars Graudins 
Eugene Gray 
WiUiam Scott Gray III 
Dr. John Grayhack 
Dr. Edward D. Greaves 
James L. Green 
Miss Ruth E. Green 
Aubrey J. Greenberg 
Mr. & Mrs. Howard H. 

Greene 
Mrs. Howard T. Greene 
Dr. Lois D. Greene 
Dr. J. P. Greenhill 
Dr. Bernard M. 

Greenwald 
Col. CHfford C. Gregg 
Frank Gregor 
James J. Gregory 
Mrs. Stephen S. Gregory 
Dr. Dorothy Grey 
Edwin R. Griesbach 
Alvin G. Griffith, Jr. 
Bruce C. Griffith 
Mrs. Carroll L. Griffith 
George Griffith 
Dr. Herold Griffith 
Mrs. John L. Gring 
Harold T. Griswold 
Gordon A. Groebe 
Leonard H. Grosse 



A. J. Grossman 
Frank D. Grossman 
Mrs. W. F. Grote, Jr. 
Mrs. Leon Grotowski 
Chris Grumbos 
Mr. & Mrs. H. F. 

Grumhaus 
Ernest A. Grunsfeld III 
Paul Guenzel 
Gunnar E. Gunderson 
Robert M. Gunn 
Mrs. R. C. Gunness 
Miss Helen K. Gurley 
Mr. & Mrs. Dale R. 

Gustafson 
Miss Ruth E. Gustafson 
Dr. Edwin L. Gustus 
Mr. & Mrs. Grover 

Guthaus 
Mrs. D. N. Gutmann 
H. C. Gwinn 
Mrs. Robert P. Gwinn 

Ralph F. Haag 
Charles H. Haas 
Thomas Hack 
John W. B. Hadley 
W. W. Haerther 
Charles C. Haffner III 
Paul A. Hakanen 
Dr. R. G. Haley 
Arthur B. Hall 
Dr. Buford Hall 
Dr. Dennis M. Hall 
Edward Hall 
Richard W. Hall 
Charles L. Halladay 
Romaine M. Halverstadt 
Chalkley J. Hambleton 
Arthur J. Hamer 
Hunt and Jean Hamill 

Foundation 
James L. Hamilton 
Joseph W. Hancock 
Jack C. Hand 
J. Russell Hanson 
Joseph F. Harant 
John H. Harder 
Frank Harding 
Mrs. D. Foster Harland 
Meredith E. Harmon 
John Harplan 
Chauncy D. Harris 
Gerald H. Harris 
Mr. & Mrs. Mortimer B. 

Harris 
Mrs. Augustin S. Hart 
Harry J. Hart 
Richard F. Hart 



49 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1 000 — continued) 



Raymond H. Hartigan 

Robert S. Hartman 

Mrs. Walter J. Hartmann 

Mr. & Mrs. William E. 
Hartmann 

Harvard University 
(Dept. of Mollusks of 
the Museum of Com- 
parative Zoology 

Mrs. Byron Harvey 

Daggett Harvey 

Harry L. Hatton 

Mrs. Benjamin 
Hausman 

Larry Havlicek 

Walter Hawrysz 

Mr. & Mrs. J. F. Hayes 

Mrs. William H. Hazlett 

Mrs. James P. Hecht 

Myron A. Hecht 

Walter L. Hedin 

Reuben E. Hedlund 

Mrs. Otto H. Hedrich 

Dr. Bart T. Heffernan 

Miss Helen Heggie 

William H. Heidenreich 

Mrs. Clifford Heindel 

Mrs. Ben W. Heineman 

Walter W. Heinze 

Alfred Heller 

Henry M. Henriksen 

Dr. David D. Henry 

Mrs. John A. Henry 

F. C. Hensel 

Martin K. Henslee 

Harold H. Hensold, Jr. 

H. L. Henson 

Mrs. Victor Herbert 

Jerry Herdina 

Gerard F. Herkes 

Mrs. Carolynne 
Hertenstein 

J. H. Herz'Family 
Foundation 

Douglas Hewitt 

Mr. & Mrs. R. L. 
Heymann 

Mrs. J. O. Heyworth 

Howard John Hibbert 

J. Patrick Hieber 

Edgar J. Higgins 

Howard E. Hight 

Mrs. Marion Hilker 

Kimball Hill 

Thomas F. Hill 

David C. Hilliard 

William H. Hillier 

George S. Hilton 

Victor H. Hinze 



Henry D. Hirsch 
Milton W. Hirsch 
Dr. H. J. Hirshfield 
Robert F. Hite 
Mrs. F. P. Hixon 
D. R. Hoaglund 
George S. Hoban 
John Hobart 
Edward W. Hobler 
Charles H. Hocking 
Robert C. Hodgkins 
Mrs. G. C. Hodgson 
Mr. & Mrs. Karl 

Hoenecke 
Richard Hoerger 
Dr. Dieter F. Hoffman 
Dr. Eugene Hoffman 
Dr. Gerald G. Hoffman 
Irving Hoffman 
Hon. J. J. Hoffman 
Raymond A. Hoffman 
Miss Vera R. Hoffman 
Miss Frances C. 

Hoffmann 
Dr. Ned U. Hohman 
Myron Hokin 
Mrs. W. S. Holabird, Jr. 
William Holabird 
Marshall M. Holleb 
Mrs. Letitia Baldrige 

Hollensteiner 
Joseph F. HoUerbach, Jr. 
Thomas Hollingsworth 
Gerald V. HoUins 
Raymond Hollis 
Mr. & Mrs. Allen D. 

Holloway 
William E. Holly 
V. V. Holmberg 
Carl Holzheimer 
Miss Frances Hooper 
Miss Alice A. Hoos 
H. E. Hoover 
Stephen Y. Hord 
Mrs. WiUiam Dodge 

Home, Jr. 
Leo O. Horstein 
Mrs. Helen Horton 
Rev. John Horton 
John T. Horton 
Mr. & Mrs. A. Horween 
Mr. & Mrs. Leonard 

Horwich 
Robert J. Hoshell 
L. E. Houck 
Joseph J. Houda 
John W. Hough 
Harvey H. Howard 
James A. Howard 



Miss Amy L. Howe 
Mrs. J. E. Howie 
Mrs. William Hewlett 
N. Landon Hoyt 
Mrs. John D. Hrdlicka 
Frank B. Hubachek 
Dr. J. I. Hubbard 
Ralph F. Huck 
George A. Huggins 
Dr. Charles E. Hughes 
Ted Hunsaker 
J. N. Himter 
Lemuel B. Hunter 
Mrs. Raymond J. Hurley 
James M. Hurwith 
Frank D. Huth 
Mrs. James L. Hvale 
Mr. and Mrs. Paul 

Hylbert 
D. P. Hynes 

Mrs. W. Ickes 
Massao Igasaki, Jr. 
Michael L. Igoe, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Charles Iker 
Mrs. H. B. Ingersoll 
Robert S. Ingersoll 
Mrs. S. L. Ingersoll 
G. K. Ingraham 
Warren L. Ingraham 
Mr. & Mrs. M. H. 

Ireland 
Miles Irmis 
Mrs. Spencer E. Irons 
Frank 0. Irwin 
George M. Irwin 
Mr. & Mrs. G. S. Isham 
James L. Isham 
Miss Katharine P. Isham 

Robert A. Jablonski 

David Jackson 

Mrs. R. B. Jackson 

Carl B. Jacobs 

Jesse A. Jacobs 

Mrs. Walter H. Jacobs 

Raphael Jacobson 

Andrew P. Jaeger 

Mrs. Eugene Jaffe 

Louis Jaffe 

Mr. & Mrs. R. Jahn 

David W. James 

Mrs. Ralph C. James 

Mr. & Mrs. T. N. James 

Richard Janetka 

Miss Wynnette Janicek 

Miss Barbara Jannusch 

Mr. & Mrs. C. G. Janus 

Mrs. Leonard Japp, Sr. 



50 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Willard K. Jaques 
Mrs. C. E. Jarchow 
Charles C. Jarchow 
Andrew O. Jaros 
Sidney F. Jarrow 
Fred Jasper 
Robert W. Jay 
Albert E. Jenner, Jr. 
Dr. Thesle T. Job 
Harold R. Johnsen 
Alan W. Johnson 
Calmer L. Johnson 
Carl A. Johnson 
David E. Johnson 
Edwin L. Johnson 
Dr. Frank R. Johnson 
Milton C. Johnson 
Mrs. R. L. Johnson 
Robert M. Johnson 
Dr. Walter L. Johnson, 

Jr. 
R. G. Johnstone, Jr. 
Charles W. Jones 
Dr. Morris H. Jones 
C. R. Jonswold 
Paul Jorgensen 
Gabe Joseph 
Harold R. Judelson 
C. C. Jung 
Karl Jung 
B. B. Junkunc 

Miss Irmgard A. Kaak 
Miss K. R. Kaczkowski 
William V. Kahler 
Simon Kahn 
John A. Kahoun 
Miss Annette Kamysz 
Burton W. Kanter 
Ben G. Kaplan 
Lambert P. Karst 
Mr. & Mrs. B. C. Karzas 
Mr. & Mrs. L. Kasakoff 
Dr. J. E. Kasik 
Mr. & Mrs. V. Kastning 
Gerald S. Kaufman 
Henry W. Kaufman 
M. G. Kaufman 
Mr. & Mrs. W. H. 

Kaufman 
Harry H. Kay 
James G. Kazanis 
Donald S. Keare 
Mrs. J. J. Kearns 
Miss Catherine M. 

Keebler 
Marshall W. Keig 
Roy C. Keister 
Thomas W. Keith 



Mr. & Mrs. R. Kelemen 
Dr. A. Kelertas 
Russell P. Kelley 
Mr. & Mrs. W. K. 

Kellogg II 
Mr. & Mrs. E. B. Kelly, 

Jr. 
Dr. F. B. Kelly 
Mrs. G. N. Kelly 
Mr. & Mrs. T. A. Kelly 
Mrs. Margaret P. Kemel 
Wallace B. Kemp 
Miss M. R. Kempe 
Charles F. Kennedy 
Philip L. Kennedy 
Mrs. R. L. Kennedy 
Clarence B. Kenney 
Mrs. Geoffrey Kent 
Mrs. William Kerr 
Charles C. Kerwin 
Edward M. Kerwin 
Mrs. M. Kestnbaum 
Robert D. Kestnbaum 
Mrs. S. W. Ketola 
Mrs. E. Ogden Ketting 
Ferenc J. Kezdy 
Sam Kharasch 
Alan R. Kidd 
Alan R. Kidston 
Robert J. Kieckhefer, Jr 
The Honorable R. J. 

Kiley 
William W. Kimball 
Mrs. H. W. King 
Dr. Lowell R. King 
Dr. Robert King 
W. S. Kinkead 
Dr. Janet R. Kinney 
Robert S. Kinsey 
Mrs. Weymouth 

Kirkland 
Mr. & Mrs. C. 

Kirkpatrick 
Mr. & Mrs. W. A. 

Kirkpatrick 
Lyman R. Kirst 
Miss Mixie Kitazaki 
E. H. Kitzelman 
Lester A. Kitzman, Jr. 
Philip A. Klapman 
Mr. & Mrs. S. Klefstad 
Roger H. Klich 
Donald J. Kline 
Roger Klocek 
Philip C. Klohr 
Fred F. Kloman 
Dr. Leo J. Knaff 
Mrs. R. F. Knott 
Mrs, F. M. Knight 



Hugh S. Knowles 

Robert S. Knowles 

Leonard S. Knox 

Mrs. John Koch 

Raymond F. Koch 

Raymond J. Koch 

Herman Kogan 

Mrs. S. Kohn 

Dr. & Mrs. L. W. Kolb 

Martin J. Koldyke 

N. F. Korhumel 

Miss Maurine Kornfeld 

Peter J. J. Kosiba 

Robert S. Kosin 

Miss L. V. Kosinske 

Mrs. S. Kosterlitz 

C. James Kotal 

Dr. & Mrs. J. D. Koucky 

Igor Kovac 

Dr. Joseph Kovacs 

Harry O. Kovats, Jr. 

Frank B. Kozlik 

Edward A. Kracke, Jr. 

Douglas Kramer 

Dr. & Mrs. A. M. Krause 

Barry Krause 

Dr. LeRoy Krbechek 

Henry B. Kreer 

Don Kreider 

Miss J. G. Kremer 

Carl Kresl 

Miss Mary Jean Kretzer 

Leonard O. Krez 

William Krick 

Miss Lucille Kriel 

Mathew F. Kritchever 

Miss Dona Kriz 

Kenneth Kroehler 

W. A. Kroeplin 

William Krucks 

Miss Margaret Kruse 

Jack R. Kubik 

Harold E. Kuehl 

Eugene J. Kuhajek 

Robert H. Kuhn 

Mr. & Mrs. R. J. Kuhn 

Robert E. Kulasik 

Sigmund Kunstadter 

Irv Kupcinet 

Commander J. F. 

Kurfess USN 
Clyde Kurlander 
Mrs. K. Kurtzon 
Henry M. Kusher 
Dr. A. Kushner 
Mr. & Mrs. LeRoy S. 

Kwiatt 
Mr. & Mrs. F. C. Kyle 



51 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Dr. John R. Laadt 
Kenneth B. Lacy 
David L. Ladd 
Mrs. Louis E. Laflin, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. George Lamb 
George W. Lamberson 
Mr. & Mrs. R. H. 

Lamberton 
S. J. Landau 
J. Malcolm Landen 
Sigurd Lee Landon 
F. Howard Lane 
William Noble Lane 
Mrs. George Taylor 

Langhorne 
Joseph B. Lanterman 
Mrs. Walter D. Larkin 
Earl D. Larsen 
Joseph C. Larson 
Dr. A. F. Lash 
Willard K. Lasher 
Miss Frances E. Latham 
Richard A. Laubhan 
Fred T. Lauerman 
Fred P. Lauth 
J. G. Lavish 
Russell M. Lawall 
George C. Lawlis 
Miss C. Agnes Lawrence 
Dr. Charles H. Lawrence 
William H. Lawrence 
Mrs. W. R. Lawrence 
Gerard Lawson 
John F. Lax 
Gordon Leadbetter 
George J. Leahy 
Estate of Anna E. 

Lebensohn (Bequest) 
Dr. T. LeBoy 
Mrs. E. Fred Lechler 
Dr. Francis L. Lederer 
Bertram Z. Lee 
Harold B. Leeper 
Leslie C. Lehman 
Morris I. Leibman 
Frederick W. Leich 
Dr. Murray H. Leiffer 
John G. Leininger 
Dr. & Mrs. C. A. Lekas 
Edward L. Lembitz 
Robert L. Leopold 
William H. Lerch 
John Lerner 
John H. Leslie 
James N. Lesparre 
Dr. & Mrs. F. Lestina 
D. S. Letchinger 
Stanley B. Levi 
Joseph M. Levine 



Mrs J. Y. Levinson 
Robert A. Lewis 
Mrs. S. Liebman 
Paul B. N. Lind 
Mrs. Muriel P. Kindahl 
James A. Linen IV 
Howard Linn 
Mrs. William Lippman 
Donald C. Lisle 
Dr. W. C. Liu 
Mrs. K. T. Livezey 
Mrs. John Livingood 
Mr. & Mrs. Homer J. 

Livingston 
Joseph F. Lizzadro 
Glen A. Lloyd 
L. R. Lock 
Mrs. J. E. Lockwood 
Mrs. Clarence Loeb 
Dr. Henry S. Loeb 
Edward E. Loebe 
R. M. Loeff 

Richard J.Loewenthal, Jr. 
John 0. Logan 
Anthony A. Lopez, Jr. 
John S. Lord 
James H. Lorie 
Dr. Warren C. Lothrop 
Charles S. Lott 
Mr. & Mrs. Albert E. M. 

Louer 
Miss Ruth Loughead 
Dr. & Mrs. Franklin 

Lounsbury 
H. Norris Love 
Bryan Lovelace, Jr. 
WiUiam H. Lowe 
James R. Lowenstine 
Maurice R. Lowenstine 
L. N. Lucas 
Russell Q. Luckow 
Frank Luczak 
Earle Ludgin 
Ralph J. Lueders 
Edmund Luff 
Francis F. Lukas 
Mr. & Mrs. Ronald Luna 
Mrs. F. J. Lunding 
William Lusthoff 
Don T. Lutz, Jr. 
Mrs. Jeneva A. Lyon 
E. J. Lyons 

W. F. Maas 
William D. Mabie 
Donald Macarthur 
Charles C. MacDonald 
H. E. MacDonald 



Mr. & Mrs. Roberts. 

Macdonald 
William G. Macias 
Joan Maclntire 
E. K. Mack 
Mr. & Mrs. D. 0. 

MacKenzie 
Mrs. W. D. Mackenzie 
John A. MacLean 
Mrs. J. A. MacLean, Jr. 
J. de Navarre Macomb 
Mrs. Duncan MacRoe, 

Jr. 
Mrs. Albert F. Madlener, 

Jr. 
Frank L. Madlener 
Otto Madlener 
Mrs. Irving H. Mages 
Robert B. Maher 
Mr. & Mrs. A. A. 

Malinowski 
Dr. Francis D. Malloy 
Gerald Mandel 
Mrs. Frank W. Manegold 
Mr. & Mrs. H. Manhoflf 
Mrs. J. F. Manierre 
Robert E. Mann 
John F. Mannion 
Mrs. W. H. Mannon 
George L. Manta 
Gilbert Marcus 
R. Bailey Markham 
Dr. Leo Markin 
Harold E. Marks 
Miss Rachel B. Marks 
Stanford D. Marks 
Sydney R. Marovitz 
Mckimm Marriott 
E. S. Marsh 
Peter J. Marsh 
Jay Marshall 
Paul G. Martens 
Mr. & Mrs. C. V. Martin 
Dr. Stanley Martin 
Mr. & Mrs. Howard 0. 

Martisen 
Mrs. Margaret Martling 
Arnold D. K. Mason 
Keith Masters 
Miss Dorothy R. 

Matchett 
Mrs. Narcissa Thome 

Matchett 
Selwyn R. Mather 
Thomas N. Mathers 
Robert Matson 
John G. Mattas 
Leonard S. Matthews 
Robert Matthies 



52 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Walter J. Mattick 
John C. Maulding 
Augustus K. Maxwell, 

Jr. 
Robert E. Maxwell 
Mrs. David Mayer 
Mrs. Frank D. Mayer 
Harold M. Mayer 
Mrs. Winifred P. Mayne 
Mrs. Durham Mead 
John L. Means 
Dr. L. Steven Medgyesy 
Mr. & Mrs. Leo A. 

Meehan 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry W. 

Meers 
Miss Jean Meese 
Dr. Kermit Mehlinger 
Gerhard B. Meissner 
Gail M. Melick 
Miss Margaret Mellody 
William N. Melzer 
W. G. Mendell 
Dr. Karl Menninger 
John D. Merkel 
Peter H. Merlin 
Alexander Merrill 
Glenn E. Merritt 
Jack N. Mervis 
Paul H. Mesenbrink 
Gordon M. Metcalf 
Carl A. Metz 
Dr. Karl A. Meyer 
Allen C. Michaels 
Edward Michalko 
Robert D. Michels, Jr. 
Andrew Michyeta 
Mr. & Mrs. F. L. Mies 
Munroe Milavetz 
Mrs. C. Phillip Miller 
C. R. Miller 
Glenn R. Miller 
Homer L. Miller 
Dr. & Mrs. J. Roscoe 

Miller 
Leslie V. Miller 
Nathan Miller 
Norman A. Miller 
Mrs. Thomas S. Miller 
John J. Milligan 
Mr. & Mrs. John Milliken 
Mrs. Dorothy Stone Mills 
Mrs. Harold J. Mills 
Ralph Mills, Jr. 
Mrs. Florence J. Milnor 
Robert W. Minett, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. W. J. 

Mitchell 
Dr. Michael R. Mizen 



L. T. Moate 
Edward C. Mobbs 
Mr. & Mrs. S. L. 

Moinichen 
H. G. Mojonnier 
Mrs. T. Mojonnier 
Mrs. Janos Molnar 
Myron T. M onsen 
Dr. Clark Montgomery 
John R. Montgomery HI 
Miss Carolyn Moore 
Mrs. Philip W. Moore, 

Jr. 
Fred M. Morrelli 
Joseph N. Morency, Jr. 
Albert A. Morey 
Dr. Freda Morgan 
K. P. Morgan 
Samuel Morgan 
John P. Moriarty 
Mrs. Charles M. M orison 
Harry E. Moroni, Jr. 
Jerrold L. Morris 
Mrs. Gertrude Morrison 
George L. Morrow 
Mrs. J. Morrow, Jr. 
R. M. Morrow 
Howard C. Morton 
Horace C. Moses, Jr. 
Walter H. Moses 
Alfred E. Mossner 
Mrs. Arthur T. Moulding 
Russell G. Moy 
Mrs. D. G. Moyer 
Robert L. Muckley 
Mr. & Mrs. L. J. Mueller 
John Muhlenberg 
J. Bernard Mullen, Jr. 
Manly W. Mumford 
Keith Munroe 
Dr. Daniel J. Murphy 
Mr. & Mrs. G. J. Murphy 
O. R. Murphy 
W. Richard Murphy 
Prof. G. N. Murray 
Philip Lee Musick 
Hughston M. McBain 
N. E. McCabe 
Mr. & Mrs. L. H. 

McCain 
Mrs. Marie Leach 

McCain 
Mr. & Mrs. R. G. 

McCallister 
Ward McCallister 
Nolen A. McCleary 
Miss Jean A. McClelland 
Mr. & Mrs. J. J. 

McClure, Jr. 



Mr. & Mrs. Brooks 

McCormick 
Fowler McCormick 
George Cole S. McCray 
E. S. McCready 
Dr. Walter C. McCrone 
Dr. T. M. McCuIlough 
Mr. & Mrs. Paul D. 

McCurry 
Mrs. Edward D. 

McDougal, Jr. 
Dr. Ernest G. McEwen 
Risley B. McFeely Jr., 
E. J. McGehee 
Charles S. McGill 
John P. McGoorty, Jr. 
J. R. McGoun 
Mr. & Mrs. William B. 

Mcllvain 
Miss Mabel McKay 
Mr. & Mrs. Donald 

McKellar 
D. F. McKenzie 
John A. McKinven 
Robert W. McKittrick 
William Wood 

McKittrick 
Mrs. Herbert P. 

McLaughlin 
Mrs. W. G. McLaury 
Mr. & Mrs. D. H. 

McLucas 
Miss Shirley McMillen 
Frank McNair 
James E. McNamara 
Mr. & Mrs. J. E. 

McNamara 
William H. McNeill 
Joseph M. McNulty 
Cleo Edwin McPherson 
A. L. McWilliams 

Mrs. Charles F. Nadler 
Mrs. Walter H. Nadler 
Mrs. Kathleen B. Nagel 
Paul Nagel, Jr. 
Mrs. Jerome Naman 
Bernard Nath 
Mrs. Claude Nathan 
Mrs. Sylvia J. Nathan 
George L. Naylor 
Harry E. Neander 
Mr. & Mrs. K. 

Nebenzahl 
Mrs. Lloyd F. Neely 
Mr. & Mrs. Willard R. 

Neely 
Mrs. Arthur L. Nehls 
Mrs. Walter R. Neisser 



53 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $^ 000— continued) 



Arthur W. Nelson 

Harold A. Nelson 

Hubert B. Nelson 

Mr. & Mrs. J. B. Nelson 

W. H. Nelson 

Dr. Joseph G. Nemecek 

Graham Netting 

T. B. Nendick 

D. W. Neville 

Dr. William E. Neville 

Robert B. Newman 

New Horizon Club 

Miss Josephine Newson 

Mr. & Mrs. Milton A. 

Newton 
Mollie B. Nieland 
Arthur C. Nielsen, Jr. 
George Nielsen 
Alden W. Niemoth 
Mr. & Mrs. L. H. Niems 
Sam Nierman 
Thomas M. Niles 
W. A. Ninnis 
Mrs. G. F. Nixon 
Miss Anna W. Nock 
Jeremiah J. Nolan 
John 0. Nordling 
Mrs. Lawrence E. 

Nor em 
Theodore J. Nork 
The James N orris 

Foundation 
Mrs. Lester Norris 
Mrs. Carl R. Norton 
Dr. Gertrude Novak 
J. B. Novak 
Edward W. Nugent 
Mrs. John Nuveen 

James F. Gates, Jr. 
Robert O'Boyle 
Mr. & Mrs. R. E. 

O'Brien 
Daniel O'Connell 
John R. O'Connell 
Emmitt M. O'Connor 
Lawrence L. O'Connor 
Mr. & Mrs. Joseph R. 

Odell 
William R. Odell 
Mr. & Mrs. William W. 

Oelman 
Mrs. James Offield 
Wrigley and Edna J. 
•^Offield Foundation 
Paul E. Ogle 
De Witt O'Kieffe 
Dr. George A. Olander 
Charles E. Olcott 



Dr. Eric Oldberg 

Dr. & Mrs. R. S. Oldberg 

Edward Oldfield 

Daniel J. O'Leary 

Mrs. Larry Olin 

Henry C. Oliver 

Dr. Marguerite Oliver 

Mr. & Mrs. K. J. 

Ollendorff 
Mr. & Mrs. Conway H. 

Olmsted 
John F. O'Loughlin 
Seymour Oppenheimer 
Dr. John R. Orndorff 
Harold I. Orwin 
W. Irving Osborne, Jr. 
Mrs. Gilbert H. Osgood 
Mrs. Helena P. Osuch 
J. Sanford Otis 
James Otis, Jr. 
John Ekern Ott 
Wendel Fentress Ott 
William H. Ott 
Dr. G. H. Otto 
Anderson A. Owen 
John E. Owens 
John H. Owen, Jr. 
Mrs. Ralph W. Owen 
Mr. & Mrs. H. J. Owens 
Mrs. Alvin M. Owsley 
Norman M. Oyen 

Andrew J. Pach 
F. V. Paine 
Max J. Palmer 
R. M. Palmer 
Clarence 0. Palmquist 
Angelo A. Pane 
Edson M. Paradise 
Mr. & Mirs. Roland 

Parduhn 
Mr. & Mrs. R. E. Park 
Norman A. Parker 
Dr. Francis M. Parks 
Dr. J. J. Parodiz 
Dr. Jacqueline Parsavand 
Cecil A. Partee 
Lloyd C. Partridge 
Judge Herbert C. Paschen 
Daniel E. Pasowicz 
Monroe B. Passis 
Joseph Pastore 
Dr. Philip Y. Paterson 
Robert Pates 
Norman Patinkdn 
Mr. & Mrs. Marshall 

Patner 
Donald W. Patterson 



Mr. & Mrs. T. A. 

Patterson 
John M. Patton 
Richard J. Patton 
Charles Paveza 
Mr. & Mrs. R. Payson 
John H. Payton 
Mr. & Mrs. H. B. 

Peabody 
Mrs. E. S. Pearsoll 
Donald E. Pearson 
Roy E. Peavey 
Frederick R. Pedrigi 
Dick Pelles 

Vernon J. Pellouchoud 
Kurt G. Penn 
Louis L. Penner 
Mrs. John F. Perkins 
Harold L. Perlman 
Mr. & Mrs. Ward E. 

Perrin 
William A. Perry 
Frank Pesce 
Dr. Albert G. Peters 
William O. Petersen 
Albert C. Peterson 
Clifford T. Peterson 
Mrs. Mildred R. Peterson 
Mrs. Nancy Peterson 
Adelor Petit, Jr. 
Guy S. Petit-Clerc 
William J. Pfeif 
Mr. & Mrs. Herman J. 

Pfeif er 
Miss Roselyn Pfeiffer 
J. F. Pfrank 
Howard Phalin 
H. F. Philipsborn 
Wilbert J. Pichler 
Albert Pick, Jr. 
Mrs. Robert Picken 
Edward A. Pieklo 
Mr. & Mrs. F. E. 

Pielsticker 
J. Norman Pierce 
Franklin H. Pierson 
Mr. & Mrs. Milton 

Pikarsky 
Mrs. John F. Pilgrim 
Bert O. Pinch 
The Pioneer Fund 

(Mrs. Lewis E. Myers) 
Mrs. Gordon L. Pirie 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
Mrs. Samuel C. Pirie, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. George M. 

Plews 
Paul M. Plunkett 
John W. Pocock 



54 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Mrs. Barbara Polikoff 

E. J. Pool 

Mr. & Mrs. G. A. Poole 

Mrs. Henry Pope, Jr. 

James Pope 

Mrs. William P. Pope 

Edward C. Porter 

Mrs. I. R. Post 

Mrs. Charles S. Potter 

Dr. Robert Morse Potter 

Mr. & Mrs. A. W. Potts 

Charles C. Powell 

H. Robert Powell 

Joseph A. Power 

Peter B. Powles 

Robert C. Preble, Sr. 

Charles D. Preston 

Mrs. E. S. Price 

Jay H. Price, Jr. 

Mr. & Mrs. W. T. 

Priestley 
Mrs. Arthur C. Prince 
Harry Prince 
Robert A. Pritzker 
Mr. & Mrs. J. A. 

Prosser 
Raymond Prucha 
Alex Pruzan 
Dr. Charles B. Puestow 
Mr. & Mrs. R. H. Pugh 
Victor W. Purcey 

Mrs. R. T. Quackenbush 
Ward L. Quaal 
Gene Quirini 

S. S. Raab 

Dr. E. M. Racher 

Mrs. Dorothy W. 

Radack 
Richard J. Radebaugh 
Mrs. Arthur Raff 
Mr. & Mrs. L. S. Raisch 
Mr. & Mrs. G. A. Ranney 
Allen N. Ransom 
Earle S. Rappaport 
Dr. Lilly Rappolt and 

Miss Laura F. Martin 
James M. Ratcliffe 
Roy A. Rauschenberg 
Clayton L. Rautbord 
Miss Martha L. Ravlin 
Kathleen Ray 
Dr. Frank Raymon 
Dr. A. L. Raymond 
Paul Raymond 
William T. Reace 
William M. Redfield 
Lawrence N. Redlin 



William A. Redmond 
Miss Gertrude E. Reeb 
Mr. & Mrs. C. A. Reed 
Guy L. Reed 
Dr. Clifton L. Reeder 
Mr. & Mrs. Howard C. 

Reeder 
William A. Reego 
Miss Ruth Regenstein 
Mrs. R. H. Reel 
Mrs. R. G. Regan 
Bryan S. Reid, Jr. 
Dr. F. Theodore Reid, 

Jr. 
Mrs. Sophie M. Reiffel 
Dr. Arthur F. Reimann 
Lester E. Rein 
Keith Reinhard 
Miss Marie K. Remien 
Fred H. Remmert 
John W. Rendall 
Fred A. Replogle 
Mrs. Harold Reskin 
Miss Ada K. Rew 
Mrs. I. R. Reynolds 
Thomas A. Reynolds, Jr. 
John Riccardo 
J. E. Rice 
Robert B. Richards 
Dr. Maurice L. 

Richardson 
Mr. & Mrs. C. F. Rietz 
Elmer W. Rietz 
William C. Riker 
George G. Rinder 
Ridger F. Ringham 
Denis J. Rintz 
Mrs. John Ritchie 
Charles E. Ritter 
Mrs. Margaret H. Robb 
Mrs. Leo L. Roberg 
Harry V. Roberts 
William J. Roberts 
Hugh Robertson 
Scott Robertson 
Hugh Robertson 
Mrs. J. J. Robichaux 
John H. Robinson 
John W. Robinson 
Sanger P. Robinson 
Theodore W.':Robinson, 

Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. E. O. Robson 
Henry W. Rodewald 
John H. Rodger 
Daniel P. Rodriguez 
Dr. Douglas D. 

Rodriguez 
Dr. Arthur A. Rodriquez 



Mr. & Mrs. W. H. 

Roegner 
Davis H. Roenisch 
A. C. Roeth, Jr. 
Robert W. Rogers 
John Roggenkamp 
John Roloff 

Mrs. R. N. Roloson III 
William R. Rom 
Miss Virginia M. Roos 
Harry A. Root, Jr. 
Mrs. Philip Rootberg 
Mr. & Mrs. C. J. 

Roothaan 
Mrs. Evelyn Rose 
M. R. Rosen 
Gerald Rosenband 
Harry B. Rosenberg 
Dr. Ronald Rosenberg 
Nathan Rosenstone 
Albert Jay Rosenthal 
Gerson M. Rosenthal, Jr. 
Dr. & Mrs. Peter A. Rosi 
Stephen Rosos 
Mrs. Charles H. Ross 
Dr. David E. Ross, Jr. 
Earl Ross 
Miss Gwen Ross 
Miss Lillian A. Ross 
Peter H. Ross 
Robert C. Ross 
Dr. William M. Ross 
Theodore Rossman 
William R. Rostek 
Dr. S. D. Rothman 
Albert B. Rothschild 
Mr. & Mrs. A. F. 

Rothschild 
Mr. & Mrs. E. A. 

Rothschild 
Mr. & Mrs. E. Rothschild 
Mr. & Mrs. M. N. 

Rothschild 
Miss Edith Rotta 
Mr. & Mrs. E. J. Roubik 
Mrs. Paul Rowan 
Dr. D. A. Rowley 
Dr. Bernard Rubin 
Edward P. Rubin 
Arthur Rubloff 
Mrs. F. E. Rubovits 
John W. Ruettinger 
Carlton A. Rune 
Mrs. Mary H. Russell 
Mrs. Paul Russell 
Mrs. Fifer Rust 
Dr. J. H. Rust 
Edward C. Rustigan 
Arthur Ryan 



55 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Mrs. Charles Ryan 
Werner Ryser 

Robert G. Sachs 
Robert W. Saigh 
Mrs. Charles M. Sailor 
Saint Patrick High School 

Anthropological 

Society 
Alan Saks 

Mrs. Robert C. Sale 
Dr. Melvin R. Salk 
Mrs. Charles S. Salmon 
S. M. Salvino 
J. A. Samartano 
Nathan Samburs 
Marshall G. Sampsell 
William D. Sampson 
Frank B. Sanders 
Henry T. Sanders 
Mr. & Mrs. Thomas R. 

Sanders 
Miss Margaret H. 

Sanderson 
Chester F. Sargent 
Richard E. Savin 
Mrs. Alvah L. Sawyer 
Leonard B. Sax 
Dr. Loren D. Sayer 
Mrs. Henry Scarborough 
Miss Hazel Schafer 
Herbert T. Schaffner 
Francis R. Schanck 
Ernest G. Schau 
Miss Marion H. Schenk 
Mrs. Ben D. Schenker 
Haskell Schiff 
Mrs. Gerhart Schild 
William E. Schindler 
Richard W. Schlienz 
Harold W. Schloss 
George M. Schlosser 
Mr. & Mrs. N. J. 

Schlossman 
Miss Eleanor 

Schluderbacher 
Fred H. Schmidt 
Mrs. K. P. Schmidt 
E. L. Schnadig 
David M. Schneider 
Roy E. Schneider 
Mrs. Harry 

Schneiderman 
J. T. Schriver 
W. F. Schroeder 
Walter E. Schuessler 
E. Charles Schuetz 
Carey Tyler Schug 
Miss Isabelle Schuh 



William A. Schwab 
Edwin C. Schwartz 
Nathan Schwartz 
Dr. & Mrs. J. S. 

Schweppe 
Roy T. Schwerdtman 
Harry Schwimmer 
Peter J. A. Scott 
Robert M. Scott 
A. T. Seaholm 
Lymond L. Sealy 
Glenn R. Seals 
Irving Seaman, Jr. 
Miss Dorothy Sears 
Gordon Seavoy 
Jerome R. Sebastian 
S. E. Sebestyen 
Frank Sedlacek 
Mr. & Mrs. Noel 

Seeburg 
Mr. & Mrs. Nel M. 

Seeburg, Jr. 
Irving N. Segal 
C. Gordon Segersten 
Dr. Ben Seid 
Walter H. Seidel 
Edwin A. Seipp, Jr. 
John H. Sengstacke 
Paavo R. Seppo 
Mr. & Mrs. C. H. 

Sethness, Jr. 
George S. Severance 
Fred P. Seymour, Jr. 
James G. Shakman 
Mr. & Mrs. Allen L. 

Shapin 
Mr. & Mrs. J. R. Share 
Ludwig J. Sharlog 
Donald H. Sharp 
Alfred P. Shaw 
Connor B. Shaw 
John I. Shaw 
Dr. Noel G. Shaw 
Burcher Sheard 
Mr. & Mrs. Victor J. 

Shebelski 
Mrs. Charles C. Shedd 
Jeffrey Shedd 
Dr. John J. Sheinin 
Mrs. A. W. Sherer 
Mrs. E. E. Sherff 
John H. Sherman 
Saul S. Sherman 
William A. Sherwin 
W. Lee Shield 
John T. Shively 
Dr. Robert W. 

Shoemaker 
E. H. Shomo 



Gerald L. Shott 

Dr. Harry Sicher 

E. J. Sierocinski 

Mrs. Wilma Silberman 

Vincent D. Sill 

Mrs. C. W. Sills 

Herbert Silverman 

Harry Silverstein 

Anthony Simons 

Mr. & Mrs. W. Simpson 

Mr. & Mrs. E. R. Sims 

Miss Marilyn Singer 

William A. Singer 

Mr. & Mrs. T. B. 

Singleton 
Ross D. Siragusa, Jr. 
Dr. Albert H. Slepyan 
Dr. Noah H. Sloan 
James Sloss 
Burton M. Smalley 
John Smalley 
Robert W. Smick 
Carl R. Smith 
Dr. Clayton Smith 
Eldon J. Smith 
Farwell Smith 
Mrs. George D. Smith II 
Goff Smith 
Miss Grace F. Smith 
Herman Smith 
John F. Smith 
Dr. Mark E. Smith 
Miss OUie M. Smith 
Thom E. Smith 
Walter H. Smith 
WiUiam S. Smith 
Walter S. Snodell Jr. 
James U. Snydacker 
James E. Snyder 
Walter H. Sobel 
Dr. Harold A. Sofield 
Dr. G. Alan Solem 
Mrs. Hugo Sonnenschein, 

Jr. 
Mrs. Robert Sooy 
James P. Soper, Jr. 
Christ J. Sorensen 
Mrs. Edwin J. Souhrada 
R. M. Spark 
George Spatta 
Frederick P. Spaulding 
Mr. & Mrs. J. G. Speer 
Dr. I. Joshua Speigel 
Joseph Spencer 
Mrs. L. M. Spencer 
Robert Spicer 
Mrs. Arthur H. Spiegel 
F. William Spiegel, Jr. 
Mrs. Gatzert Spiegel 



56 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Ronald Spiegel 
Mrs. Robert Spiel 
Leonard M. Spira 
Mr. & Mrs. Joel Spitz 
Mrs. Charles A. Sprague 
Mrs. Gloria Sprinkle 
Richard A. Staat 
Miss Kate Staley 
Mrs. Elmer J. Stamm 
Frederick K. Stamm 
Thomas Stanislawski 
Eugene J. Stankiewicz 
Emil Stanley 
Frederick J. Stannard 
Dr. D. H. Stansbery 
Dr. W. C. Starrett 
Dale Starzvk 
C. B. Stateler 
Earl F. Steffens 
Dr. Enrique Steider 
Mrs. Herbert Stein 
Karl E. Stein 
Sydney Stein 
Paul W. Steinbrink 
Mrs. Julius P. Steindler 
Stanley Steiner 
Mr. & Mrs. W. J. 

Stellman 
Dr. Frederick Stenn 
John L. Stephens 
Herbert L. Stern, Jr. 
Russell T. Stern, Jr. 
Mrs. Joseph True Steuer 
C. Gardnar Stevens III 
Miss Kathryne A. 

Stevens 
Mrs. Clement D. Stevens 
John Stevens 
Ben T. Stevenson 
Arnold D. Stine 
James P. Stirling 
Robert W. Stitt 
E. J. Stoll 
Mrs. Leon Stolz 
Robert G. Stolze 
Marvin N. Stone 
Prof. W. H. Stone 
Miss Phyllis A. Stout 
Mrs. Margaret F. 

Strandjord 
Mr. & Mrs. T. O. 

Stratton 
Mrs. David R. Straub 
Mrs. Frederick W. Straus 
Mrs. R. E. Straus 
Herbert R. Strauss 
Mrs. Herman A. Strauss 
Ivan G. Strauss 
Robert Strauss 



Dr. William B. 

Stromberg, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. R. D. Stuart 
Robert D. Stuart, Jr. 
Dr. & Mrs. Robert Study 
Erwin A. Stuebner 
Allen P. Stults 
Mrs. R. E. Sturtevant 
Carroll H. Sudler, Jr. 
Dr. Oscar Sugar 
Edwin T. Sujack 
Bolton Sullivan 
Mrs. Frank L. 

Sulzberger 
Dr. & Mrs. Hirotoshi 

Sumie 
Edmund J. Sumnarski 
R. P. Sunderland 
Ernest G. Sundin 
William A. Sundlof 
Novel E. Surbaugh 
Mr. & Mrs. J. L. 

Surpless 
Albert E. Suter 
William Sutherland 
Dr. George C. Sutton 
Hector Suyker 
Mr. & Mrs. A. C. 

Svoboda 
Hilbert G. Swanson 
Dr. David R. Swarner 
Mrs. James Swartchild 
Mrs. Allen W. Swenson 
Miss Gayle Swenson 
Irving G. Swenson 
Swett Family Fund 
Arthur T. Swick 
George H. Swift, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Gustavus F. 

Swift, Jr. 
Thomas Swigart, Jr. 
J. R. Swihart 

Harold Taff 

Frank Takahashi 

Mrs. C. Conover Talbot 

Stuart Talbot 

Dr. J. H. Talbott 

Dr. & Mrs. J. R. 

Tambone 
Miss Pearl B. 

Tanenbaum 
Miss Joyce Tani 
L. Shirley Tark 
Nathan B. Tasemkin 
Mr. & Mrs. A. Tatham 
Mrs. Colleen Tatner 
Allen S. Taylor 
Mrs. A. Thomas Taylor 



Mr. & Mrs. Edward Hall 

Taylor 
Harold N. Taylor 
Mr. & Mrs. John W. 

Taylor 
WiUiam L. Taylor, Jr. 
Joseph A. Tecson 
N. M. Temple 
Dean Terrill 
Dr. Charles S. Textor 
Ashley C. Thomas 
Mr. & Mrs. Bruce K. 

Thomas 
Edwin C. Thomas 
Joseph P. Thomas 
Mrs. Thomas M. Thomas 
Dr. John B. Thomison 
David L. Thompson 
C. Harold Thompson 
Mrs. Frank D. Thompson 
Dr. John R. Thompson 
Joseph Thompson 
Mr. & Mrs. Raymond G. 

Thompson 
Russell W. Thompson 
Warren H. Thon 
William E. Thoresen 
Mr. & Mrs. Bruce 

Thorne 
Mr. & Mrs. J. E. 

Thornton 
Mr. & Mrs. Reuben 

Thorson 
Robert Thrasher 
Howard A. Thrun 
Douglas E. Tibbitts 
Mr. & Mrs. W. Tichy 
S. N. Tideman, Jr. 
Mrs. Albert H. Tippens 
Mr. & Mrs. L. Tobias 
Newton Tobey 
E. L. Toffenetti 
Mrs. Peter G. Torosian 
Victor Torsberg 
Dennis Toyomura 
Eugene A. Tracy 
Mrs. Wilfred Tracy 
H. G. Trainor 
Dempsey J. Travis 
George S. Trees 
Mrs. Edna Trentlage 
Miss Grace Tress 
Miss Mildred Tress 
Dr. F. E. Trobaugh, Jr. 
William C. Trotter 
Charles H. True, Jr. 
John Truempy 
Richard Truitt 
William N. Tucker 



57 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



CPL. James A. Turnbull 
Dr. & Mrs. W. D. 
Turnbull 

C. F. Tuzin 
Robert D. Tyler 
Mrs. Thomas S. Tyler 

Edgar J. Uihlein 
Gerard M. Ungaro 
Louis A. Unti 
Mrs. F. W. Upham 
Mr. & Mrs. F. Allen 

Upson 
Nelson M. Utiey 
Glenn S. Utt, Jr. 

Mrs. Derrick Vail 
Harrison Van Aken, Jr. 
F. J. Van Bortel 
Mr. & Mrs. Duncan 

Vanderlip 
Mr. & Mrs. Peter 0. 

Vandervoort 
John B. Van Duzer 
Edna V. Vanek 
John C. Vanek 
James Van Santen 
Dr. James VanStone 
Dominick Varraveto, Jr. 

D. Throop Vaughan 
Howard A. Vaughan, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. W. E. 

Veerhusen 
K. L. Vehe 
Herbert P. Veldenz 

D. J. Velo 

M. P. Venema 
Mrs. J. T. Venerable 
Mr. & Mrs. J. T. Vernon 
Dr. Frank J. Veverka 
Charles H. Vial 
Robert C. Victor 
Mrs. Bohumil Vlach 
Dr. Anton Vlcek 
Edward J. Vogt 
J. A. Volkober 
C. P. Voll 

Mr. & Mrs. E. Vondrak 
Dr. H. C. Voris 
C. W. Vorreiter 
Omer G. Voss 
Charles S. Vrtis 

E. H. Wachs 
Dr. Harry K. 

Waddington 
John Alexander Wagner 
Richard Wagner 
Orlin I. Wahl 



Arthur W. Wakeley 
Dr. & Mrs. Maurice 

Wald 
Mr. & Mrs. C. Waldo, 

Jr. 
Donald Wales 
C. R. Walgreen, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. H. M. 

Walken 
Frank R. Walker 
Malcolm M. Walker 
Reno R. Walker 
Mrs. Samuel J. Walker 
Dr. Lydia Walkowiak 
Mrs. William Waller 
Dr. Eugene L. Walsh 
Thomas M. Walsh 
Louis K. Walter, Jr. 
Dimitry Wanda 
Mr. & Mrs. M. H. 

Wandrey 
David E. Wanger, Jr. 
Mrs. Cyril L. Ward 
Mrs. J. Harris Ward 
S. Donald Ward 
Ben H. Warren 
Ben 0. Warren 
James L. Warren 
John S. Warren 
Paul G. Warren 
Mrs. Hempstead 

Washburne, Jr. 
Mrs. Hempstead 

Washburne, Sr. 
John W. Washburn 
Dr. Milan M. Wasick 
Mrs. I. B. Wasson 
F. M. Watkins 
Mrs. Henry B. Watkins 
William A. P. Watkins 
Albred Watrin 
Artemus D. Watson 
Richard H. Watson 
Mr. & Mrs. Herbert J. 

Watt 
Amos H. Watts 
Mrs. Morrison Waud 
Mr. & Mrs. Leslie H. 

Waverly 
Kline Weatherford 
The Reverend R. C. 

Weaver 
William D. Weaver 
Dr. E. F. Webb 
James E. Weber 
Robert B. Weber 
Frederick F. Webster 
Mrs. Roderick S. Webster 
Kenneth L. Weeks 



Thomas Weeks 
Charles W. Wegener 
Dr. Henry G. Wehringer 
Byron S. Weil 
Mrs. Celia O. Weinberg 
Melvin A. Weinstein 
Myron Weinstein 
David R. Weinstock 
Paul Weir 
Maxfield Weisbrod 
William M. Weisenborn 
Mr. & Mrs. E. Weiss 
A. W. Weissbrenner 
Carl J. Weitzel 
Mrs. Paul A. Welbon 
Clarence W. Weldon 
Mrs. D. P. Welles 
Mrs. E. K. Welles 
Mrs. John P. Welling 
Robert H. Wellington 
C. A. Wells 
James M. Wells 
Lyman R. Wells 
Mrs. Maurice L. Wells 
Thomas E. Wells 
Eugene F. Welter 
Barrett Wendell 
F. Lee H. Wendell 
Mr. & Mrs. D. Wenner, 

Jr. 
William C. Wenninger 
Peter L. Wentz 
Reinald Werrenrath 
Richard WessHng 
Arthur H. West 
George Westerberg, Jr. 
WiUiam H. Westrup 
H. O. Wetmore 
R. J. Wetter lund 
Mrs. J. P. Wharton, Jr. 
Mr. & Mrs. Henry P. 

Wheeler 
Rex Wheeler, Jr. 
Henry P. Wheeler 
Mrs. H. P. Wheeler 
Charles F. Whipple 
Mr. & Mrs. Jay N. 

Whipple 
Jerome P. Whiston 
Robert B. Whitaker 
Alexander P. White 
Mrs. Dorothy L. White 
James J. White 
Dr. P. C. White 
Mrs. Lawson Whitesides 
Russell M. Wicks 
Jack Widick 
Frank J. Wiedner 



58 



(Individuals' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Dr. Henry W. Wiggins, 

Jr. 
Robert B. Wilcox 
Mrs. Lydon Wild 
William Wilke III 
Miss Carolyn F. 

Wilkerson 
Philip Will, Jr. 
Joseph Willens 
Albert D. Williams, Jr. 
Miss Dorothy F. 

Williams 
Harry J. Williams 
Miss Irene Lois Williams 
Dr. Jack Williams 
Dr. Louis O. Williams 
Melville C. Williams 
O. B. Williams 
Mrs. Philip C. Williams 
Mrs. Jack A. Williamson 
Samuel P. Willits 
Alexander Wilson 
Christopher W. Wilson 
G. Rex Wilson 
Grant V. Wilson 
Miss Janet Wilson 
Mr. & Mrs. J. P. Wilson, 

Jr. 
Mrs. Robert E. Wilson 
James R. Wimmer 
James G. Wing 
Joseph Winiecki 
Louis J. Winkler 
Mrs. Elwyn C. Winland 
Dr. I. C. Winter 
Walker Winter 



Alfred A. Wittersheim 
Arthur Wlochall 
Steve Wojtanek 
Murray Wolbach, Jr. 
C. W. Wolf 
John B. Wolf 
Mrs. Milton H. Wolf 
Mr. & Mrs. Arnold R. 

Wolff 
Mr. & Mrs. R. E. Wolff 
Mrs. Marvin J. Wolf son 
Mr. & Mrs. Clifford 

Wolper 
Arthur M. Wood 
Donald M. Wood 
Percy A. Wood 
Mrs. R. Arthur Wood 
James C. Wood 
Gen. Robert E. Wood 
W. Lloyd Wood 
W. Roberts Wood 
Daniel Woodhead, Jr. 
Harry Woodnorth 
Mr. & Mrs. F. H. Woods 
John L. Woods 
Robert A. Woods 
Miss Mary H. Woodward 
Harry Woodnorth 
Mrs. Ira Wool 
Francis C. Woolard 
Otto R. Wormser 
David L. Wren 
C. G. Wright 
Dr. & Mrs. F. Howell 

Wright 



Miss Margaret J. Wright 
Mrs. Therese S. Wrobel 
Miss Lydia Wulf 
Mrs. Eleanor M. 

Wurster 
Miss Frances Wyant 
Alex K. Wyatt 
Mr. & Mrs. Harry N. 

Wyatt 
J. Frank Wyatt 
Ralph E. Wynbrandt 
Joseph E. Wyse 

A. D. Yablin 
Dr. Seymour H. Yale 
Louis P. Yangas 
Theodore N. Yelich 
John M. Yoder 
Daniel J. Yomine 
Mrs. Ray M. York 
Fred J. Young 
Mr. & Mrs. George B. 

Young 
James Webb Young 
Paul S. Young 

J. William Zabor 
George Ziegler 
David Zimberoff 
John W. Zimmer 
Stanley Zimmerman 
Clifford A. Zoll 
Anthony A. Zurek 
Mr. & Mrs. Howard E. 
Zuvers 



59 



CORPORATIONS AND FOUNDATIONS 
DONATIONS OF $5000 OR MORE 



The Chicago Community Trust 
Chicago Tribune Foundation 
Commonwealth Edison Co. 
Field Enterprises, Inc. 

Chicago Daily News 

Chicago Sun-Times 

World Book 
Field Foundation of Illinois 
The Irene Heinz Given and John La 

Forte Given Foundation, Inc. 
Graham Foundation for Advanced 

Studies in Fine Arts 
Illinois Arts Council 
Illinois Bell Telephone Co. 
International Harvester Co. 



Bertha LeBus Charitable Trust 

(Bertha LeBus Fund) 
Marshall Field & Co. Foundation 
The Oscar G. and Elsa S. Mayer 

Charitable Trust 
Robert R. McCormick Charitable 

Trust 
Mark Morton Foundation 
The Northern Trust Co. 
The Peoples Gas Light & Coke Co. 
Sahara Coal Co., Inc. 
Sears, Roebuck & Co. 
The Shinner Foundation 
Standard Oil (Indiana) Foundation, 

Inc. 
Sun-Times/Daily News Charity Trust 



DONATIONS OF $1000 -$4999 



American National Bank and Trust Co. 

of Chicago 
American Philosophical Society 
American Telephone & Telegraph Co. 
Amsted Industries, Inc. 
Arthur Andersen & Co. 
Baxter Laboratories, Inc. 
James B. Beam Distilling Co.- 

Blum-Kovler Foundation 
Borg-Warner Foundation 
Burlington Northern Foundation 
Leo Burnett Co., Inc. 
Carson Pirie Scott & Co. 
Chemetron Corp. (Foundation) 
Chicago Bears Football Club 
Chicago Title & Trust Co. 
Chicago Today 
Clow Foundation 
Columbia Pipe and Supply Co. 
Commerce Clearing House 

(The CT Foundation) 
Consolidated Foods Corp. 
Container Corp. of America 
Continental Bank Charitable 

Foundation 
Crowell Collier and MacMillan 

Foundation 
The A. B. Dick Foundation 
The Do-All Company 
R. R. Donnelley & Sons Co. 
Ernst & Ernst 
First Federal Savings & Loan Assoc. 

of Chicago 
First National Bank of Chicago 

Foundation 



Foote, Cone & Belding 

General American Transportation 

Corp. 
Hammond Corp. (Foundation) 
Harris Trust and Savings Bank 

(Foundation) 
The Hugh M. Hefner Foundation 
Hi-Life Packing Co. 
Household Finance Corp. 
Illinois Tool Works Foundation 
Inland Steel-Ryerson Foundation, Inc. 
International Business Machines Corp. 
Jewel Companies, Inc. (Foundation) 
M. S. Kaplan Co. 
James S. Kemper Agency, Inc. 

(Kemper Educational & Charitable 

Fund) 
Kirkland, EUis, Hodson, Chaffetz & 

Masters 
Link Belt Co. 

Marsh & McLennan Foundation, Inc. 
McMaster-Carr Supply Co. 
The Merchandise Mart 
Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, 

Inc. 
John Mohr & Sons 
Morton International, Inc. 
Motorola Inc. (Foundation) 
C. F. Murphy Assoc. 
Northwest Industries, Inc. 
George Pick & Co. 
The Quaker Oats Foundation 
Rollins Burdick Hunter Co. 
S & C Electric Co. 
Santa Fe Railway Foundation, Inc. 



60 



(Corporations' Donations of $1000 — $A999~continued) 



Scribner & Co. 
Skil Corp. 

St. Charles Travel Bureau 
Sunbeam Corp. 
Swift & Co. (Foundation) 
Texaco, Inc. 

The Toni Co. (The Paper Mate Co.) 
Union Oil Company of California 
Union Stock Yard & Transit Co. of 
Chicago (Prince Foundation) 



United-Greenfield Corp. 

(TRW Foundation) 
United States Gypsum Co. 
United States Steel Foundation, Inc. 
Universal Oil Products Co. 

(UOP Foundation) 
Victor Foundation 
Walgreen Benefit Fund 
Arthur Young & Co. 
E. W. Zimmerman, Inc. 



DONATIONS OF LESS THAN $1000 



Acme Barrel Co. 

Advance Heating & Air Conditioning 

Corp. 
Aerosol Research Co. 
Alden's Inc. 

All American'Life & Casualty Co. 
Allied Asphalt Paving Co. 
AlHed Mills, Inc. 
Allied Structural Steel Co. 
Allstate Insurance Co. 
Alnor Instrument Co. 
Amazon Hose & Rubber Co. 
American Airlines Foundation 
American District Telegraph Co. 
American Hospital Supply Corp. 
American Sab Co., Inc. 
Amphenol-Borg Electronics Corp. 
Anderson & Litwack Co. 
Apex Railway Products Co. 
Apex Smelting Co. 
Armour & Co. 
Atlas Electric Devices Co. 
Automatic Electric Co. 

Baird & Warner, Inc. 
The Bakery 
Barns Ely Co., Inc. 
Beatrice Foods Co. 
Bigelow-Garvey Lumber Co. 
Fred S. Bremer Co. 
Bronson & Bratton, Inc. 
Budd Business Forms Inc. 
Burgess Envelope Co. 
Burroughs Corp. 

Cadillac Glass Co. 

Callaghan & Co. 

Calumet Heat Treating Corp. 

Camera Exchange 

C. D. Cash Manufacturing Co. 

CEF Foundation 

Central Lake Currency Exchange 

Central National Bank in Chicago 



Central Steel & Wire Co. 
Century Weaver Foundation 
Chatham Paving Co. 
Cherry Electrical Products Corp. 
Chicago Bridge & Iron Co. 

(Foundation) 
Chicago, Burhngton & Quincy 

Railroad Co. 
Chicago City Bank and Trust Co. 
Chicago Heights Steel, Div. of 

AlHed Products Corp. 
Chicago Litho Plate Graining Co., Inc. 
Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific 

Railroad Co. 
Chicago Seven-Up Bottling Co. 
Chicago Specialty Manufacturing Co. 
Chicago White Metal Casting 
Christensen & Olsen Foundry 
Citizens National Bank of Chicago 
City Products Corp. 
Clearing Industrial District Inc. 
Coca Cola Bottling Co. of Chicago 
Combustion Engineering, Inc. 
Comprehensive Copy Service Inc. 
Construction Aggregates Corp. 
Continental Airlines, Inc. 
Continental Glass Co. 
Coronet Films 
Corey Steel Co. 

Crooks Terminal Warehouse, Inc. 
Crown Zellerbach Corp. 
Crush International, Inc. 
Cuneo Press Inc. (Foundation) 

Charles C. Davis & Co. 
Dean Industries (Foundation) 
Dempsey & Co. 
Edward Don & Co. 
Reuben H. Donnelley Corp. 
Alan Drey Co., Inc. 

Edit Inc. 

M. G. Electric Service Co. 



61 



(Corporations' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Electro-Kinetics, Inc. 
Bob Elmore & Assoc, Inc. 
The Emulsol Egg Products Corp. 
Englewood Electrical Supply Co. 
Enterprise Paint Foundation, Inc. 
A. Epstein & Sons, Inc. 
Equipment Storage Corp. 
Frederick J. Essig & Co. 

Faber Foundation 

Fabrico Manufacturing Corp. 

Feldco-Major, Inc. 

Felt Products Manufacturing Co. 

J. C. Ferguson Publishing Co. 

Ferrara Candy Co. 

File-Ad Service Co., Inc. 

Firks Exhibitions Inc. 

First National Bank of Morton Grove 

Fischbach & Moore Electrical 

Contracting, Inc. 
L. Fish Furniture Co. 
Florsheim Shoe Co., Inc. 
Foley & Lavish Engineering Co. 
Foremost Liquor Stores Charitable 

Foundation 
Fox Furniture Co., Inc. 
G. B. Frank Inc. 
Z. Frank, Inc. 
Otto Frankenbush, Inc. 
FrankHn Boulevard Community 

Hospital 
Freund Can Co. 
Frito-Lay, Inc. CPepsico Foundation, 

Inc.) 
FuUerton Coal Co. 

Garrity Co. 

The Gaylord Foundation, Inc. 
General Electric Co. 
General Exhibits and Displays, Inc. 
General Mills, Inc. (Foundation) 
Glenbard Tool Manufacturing Inc. 
GoldshoU & Assoc. 
Jerry Golten Co. 
Gordon Bros. Iron &. Metal Co. 
Lou Gordon Provision Co. 
John H. Grace Co. 
The Grainger Foundation 
(W. W. Grainger, Inc.) 
Edward Gray Corp. 
Great Lakes Agency, Inc. 
Great Lakes Contracting Co. 
Great Northern Paper Co. 
Griswold & Bateman Warehouse Co. 
Guaranty Savings & Loan Assoc. 

Harris Hub Co., Inc. 
Hart, Schaffner & Marx 
Hartford Insurance Group 



Haskins & Sells 

Hautau & Otto, Inc. 

Heco Envelope Co. 

Heineman's Bakeries 

Helpmate, Inc. 

The W. W. Henry Co. 

Hess-Stephenson Co. 

Fred S. Hickey Corp. 

Holabird & Root 

Harry Holland & Son, Inc. 

Charles HoUenbach, Inc. 

Household Finance Foundation 

T. N. Hubbard Scientific Co. 

Humboldt Manufacturing Co. 

Hyre Electric Co. 

Paul F. Ilg Supply Co. 
Illinois Central Industries 
Illinois Railway Equipment Co. 
Illinois-Wisconsin Sand and Gravel Co. 
Interlake Steel Corp. (Foundation) 
Hanns D. Isenberg Foundation 

Jahn & Oilier Engraving Co. 
Johns-Manville Corp. 
Juergens & Andersen Co. 

Katz Agency TV & Radio 
King Arthur's Pub 
A. M. Kinney Assoc, Inc. 
Knapp & Tubbs, Inc. 
Koppers Co., Inc. 
Stanley Korshak, Inc. 
Krahl Construction Co. 
Paul J. Krez Co. 
Kroger Co. 

Lance Construction Supplies, Inc. 

F. Landon Cartage Co. 

Lapham-Hickey Steel Corp. 

LaSalle Messinger Paper Co. 

LaSalle National Bank 

Lawson Products Inc. 

Harry Lee & Sons, Inc. 

Link Belt Co. 

The Lockformer Co. (Foundation) 

Joe Louis Milk Co. 

Low's Inc. 

Luce Press Clippings, Inc. 

Earle Ludgin & Co. 

Gerald H. Lurie Co. 

Maclean-Fogg Lock Nut Co. 
Mandabach & Simms, Inc. 
Manpower, Inc. 
Marquis Who's Who Inc. 
Marsh and Truman Lumber Co. 
Marsteller Inc. 
Matherson-Selig Co. 



62 



(Corporations' Donations of less than $^000— continued) 



Maxwell Sroge Co., Inc. 
Mayfair Molded Products Corp. 
Mechanical Plating Co. 
Mehring & Hanson-Wendt Inc. 
Meister Brau Inc. 
Merchandise National Bank 
Metropolitan Structures 
Michigan Avenue National Bank of 

Chicago 
Midwest Federation of Mineralogical 

and Geological Societies 
M & K Sales 
Miehle-Goss-Dexter, Inc. 
Mohawk Electric Construction Co. 
Mojonnier Bros. Co. 
Monarch Laundry Co. 
Monogram Models, Inc. 
Monon Railroad 
Murphy & Miller Corp. 
Murray Brothers 
Mutual Federal Savings & Loan Assoc. 

of Chicago 

Estate of Leander J. McCormick 

W. C. McCrone Assoc, Inc. 

Norton McMurray Manufacturing Co. 

Nalco Chemical Co. 

National Bank of Albany Park in 

Chicago 
National Boulevard Bank of Chicago 

(Foundation) 
National Bureau of Property 

Administration, Inc. 
National Lacquer & Paint Co. 
National Tea Co. 
Needham Harper & Steers, Inc. 
Henry Newgard & Co. 
Newman-Green, Inc. 
North American Car Corp. 
Northwest Screenprint Co. 
Northwestern Photo Engraving Co. 

Olympia Fields Internal Medicine 

Assoc. S. C. 
0-T-D Corporation 

Panama Banana Distributing Co. 
CD. Peacock Jewelers 
Peat, Marwick and Mitchell 
Pella Windows and Doors, Inc. 
Pepper Construction Co. 
Perfection Tool and Metal Heat 

Treating Co. 
Perkins & Will Service Co., Inc. 
H. F. Philipsborn & Co. 
Pick Hotels Corp. (The Albert Pick, 

Jr. Fund) 



The Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co. 

(Foundation) 
The Plastic Contact Lens Co. 
William A. Pope Co. 
Portec Foundation 
Precision Steel Warehouse, Inc. 
Price Waterhouse & Co. 
Producers Livestock Credit Corp. 
Productigear Co. 

Production Metal Products Co., Inc. 
Pullman Inc. (Foundation) 

R & S Cermak Liquors, Inc. 
Radio Steel & Manufacturing Co. 
Real Estate Research Corp. 
The Regensteiner Publishing 

Enterprises, Inc. 
John E. Reid & Assoc, Inc. 
Resol Manufacturing Co., Inc. 
Roberts and Porter, Inc. 
Rohlen Foundation 
Ro.ss, Hardies, O'Keefe, Babcock, 

McDugald & Parsons 
Runkle-Thompson-Kovats, Inc. 
Runzel Cord and Wire Co. 
Russell-Hampton Co., Inc. 

K. Schlanger Co. 

J. Schonthal & Assoc. 

Schuessler Knitting Mills (Foundation) 

Arnold Schwinn & Co. 

Sciaky Brothers, Inc. 

Scott, Foresman & Co. 

Sealy Mattress Co. 

Sears Bank & Trust Co. 

John Sexton Sand and Gravel Corp. 

Seyfarth, Shaw, Fairweather & 

Geraldson 
J. R. Short Milling Co. 
Signode Corp. 
Sinclair Koppers Co. 
John M. Smyth Co. 
Son and Prins Co. 
Spector Freight Systems, Inc. 
The Sperry & Hutchinson Co. 
SRA Foundation 

Standard Alliance Industries, Inc. 
Standard Car Truck Co. 
Standard Process Corp. 
Standard Photo Supply Co. 
Starbey Food Products Co. 
Steel City Furniture Co. 
Stepan Chemical Co. 
Charles A. Stevens & Co. 
Superior /Rogers Graphics, Inc. 
Supreme Life Insurance Co. of 

America 
Sweetheart Cup Corp. 



63 



(Corporations' Donations of less than $1000 — continued) 



Symons Manufacturing Co. 
Szabo Food Service, Inc. 

Talman Federal Savings & Loan 

Assoc, of Chicago 
Tee-Pak, Inc. 
Trans-Union Corp. 
Arthur C. Trask Co. 
Travel Service of Illinois 

Union National Bank of Chicago 

United Agency, Inc. 

United Air Lines 

United Conveyor Corp. 

The United Educators Foundation 

United Motors Service 

Universal Metal Hose Co. 

Universal Wire & Cable Co. 

Urban Investment & Development Co. 

Vaco Products Co. 

Vapor Corp. 

Variety Auto Supply, Inc. 



Ventfabrics, Inc. 

Warwick Electronics Inc. 

The Water Tower Hyatt House 

WBBM-TV 

Wedron Silica Co. 

Weeden & Co., Inc. 

Harry Weese & Assoc. 

Western Community Salvage Co. 

Western Weighing & Inspection Bureau 

Westinghouse Electric Corp. 

Wilkins-Anderson Co. 

Winzeler Manufacturing & Tool Co. 

Wisconsin Tool & Stamping 

Jack Witkowsky 

Wolfberg & Kroll 

Woodbridge Ornamental Iron Co. 

Wyler Foods 

Young & Rubicam, Inc. 
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. 

The Zack Foundation 



64 



Board of Trustees 



December 31, 1970 



OFFICERS 



Remick McDowell, President 

Harry 0. Bercher, Vice-President 

BowEN Blair, Vice-President 

John M. Simpson, Vice-President 

Edward Byron Smith, Treasurer and Assistant Secretary 

E. Leland Webber, Secretary 



BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Harry O. Bercher 
BowEN Blair 

William McCormick Blair 
William R. Dickinson, Jr. 
Thomas E. Donnelley II 
Marshall Field 
Nicholas Galitzine 
Paul W. Goodrich 
Remick McDowell 
J. Roscoe Miller 
William H. Mitchell 
Charles F. Murphy, Jr. 
Harry M. Oliver, Jr. 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
John Shedd Reed 



John S. Runnells 
John G. Searle 
William L. Searle 
John M. Simpson 
Gerald A. Sivage 
Edward Byron Smith 
Mrs. Edward Byron Smith 
Mrs. Hermon Dunlap Smith 
John W. Sullivan 
William G. Swartchild, Jr. 
E. Leland Webber 
Julian B. Wilkins 
J. Howard Wood 
Blaine J. Yarrington 



HONORARY TRUSTEES 



Joseph N. Field 
Clifford C. Gregg 
Samuel Insull, Jr. 
William V. Kahler 



Hughston M. McBain 
James L. Palmer 
Louis Ware 



65 



OFFICERS 



WOMEN'S BOARD 



December 31, 1970 



Mrs. Edward Byron Smith, President 

Mrs. Wesley M. Dixon, Vice-President 

Mrs. John T. Moss, Vice-President 

Mrs. William G. Swartchild, Jr., Vice-President 

Mrs. Emmett Dedmon, Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Rolly O. Swearingen, Corresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Philip C. Williams, Treasurer 

Mrs. Thomas E. Donnelley II, Assistant Treasurer 



Mrs. James W. Alsdorf Mrs. 

Mrs. a. Watson Armour III Mrs. 

Mrs. Lester Armour Mrs. 

Mrs. Vernon Armour Mrs. 

Mrs. W. H. Arnold Miss 

Mrs. Edwin N. Asmann Mrs. 

Mrs. Russell M. Baird Mrs. 

Mrs. Ernest S. Ballard Mrs. 

Mrs. Claude A. Barnett Mrs. 

Mrs. George R. Beach, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. George W. Beadle Mrs. 

Mrs. Laird Bell Mrs. 

Mrs. Edward H. Bennett, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. B. E. Bensinger Mrs. 

Mrs. Richard Bentley . Mrs. 

Mrs. Bowen Blair Mrs. 

Mrs. Edward McCormick Blair Mrs. 

Mrs. William McCormick Blair Mrs. 

Mrs. Joseph L. Block Mrs. 

Mrs. Leigh B. Block Mrs. 

Mrs. Philip D. Block, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. William J. Bowe Mrs. 

Mrs. Arthur S. Bowes Mrs. 

Mrs. T. Kenneth Boyd Mrs. 

Mrs. Robert E. Brooker Mrs. 

Mrs. John A. Bross, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Cameron Brown Mrs. 

Mrs. Gardner Brown Mrs. 

Mrs. Isidore Brown Mrs. 

Mrs. John Whiteside Brown Mrs. 

Mrs. Daniel C. Bryant Mrs, 



Walther Buchen 
Thomas B. Burke 
Robert Wells Carton 
Henry T. Chandler 
Nora F. Chandler 
George Chappell 

F. Newell Childs 
Robert E. Coburn 
Fairfax M. Cone 
Peter F. Connor, Jr. 
Thomas J. Coogan 
James A. Cook 
James R. Coulter 
William S. Covington 
Norman L. Cram 
Herschel H. Cudd 
Leonard S. Davidow 
Emmett Dedmon 
Charles S. DeLong 
Edison Dick 

William R. Dickinson, Jr. 
Arthur Dixon 
Wesley M. Dixon 
Wesley M. Dixon, Jr. 
Elliott Donnelley 
Gaylord Donnelley 
Thomas E. Donnelley II 

QUERIN DORSCHEL 

G. Corson Ellis 
R. Winfield Ellis 
Winston Elting 



66 



Mrs. Ralph Falk Mrs. 

Mrs. Ralph Falk II Mrs. 

Mrs. Arthur G. Falls Mrs. 

Mrs. John F. Fennelly Mrs. 

Mrs. Calvin Fentress Mrs. 

Mrs. Joseph N. Field Mrs. 

Mrs. Gaylord A. Freeman Mrs. 

Mrs. a. W. F. Fuller Mrs. 

Mrs. Douglas R. Fuller Mrs. 

Mrs. Nicholas Gautzine Mrs. 

Mrs. Maurice Patrick Geraghty Mrs. 

Mrs. James Gordon Gilkey, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Julian R. Goldsmith Mrs. 

Mrs. Howard Goodman Mrs. 

Mrs. Paul W. Goodrich Mrs. 

Mrs. Donald M. Graham Mrs. 

Mrs. Stephen S. Gregory Mrs. 

Mrs. Harold F. Grumhaus Mrs. 

Mrs. Robert C. Gunness Mrs. 

Mrs. Robert P. Gwinn Mrs. 

Mrs. Burton W. Hales Mrs. 

Mrs. Corwith Hamill Mrs. 

Mrs. Frederick Charles Hecht Mrs. 

Mrs. Ben W. Heineman Mrs. 

Mrs. James O. Heyworth Mrs. 

Mrs. Joseph W. Hibben Mrs. 

Mrs. W. Press Hodgkins Mrs. 

Miss Frances Hooper Mrs. 

Mrs. Samuel Insull, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Spencer E. Irons Mrs. 

Mrs. Henry P. Isham Mrs. 

Mrs. Henry P. Isham, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Byron C. Karzas Mrs. 

Mrs. Thomas A. Kelly Mrs. 

Mrs. Richard Lea Kennedy Mrs. 

Mrs. Walter A. Krapft Mrs. 

Mrs. Bertram D. Kribben Mrs. 

Mrs. Louis E. Laflin, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Gordon Lang Mrs. 

Mrs. John W. Leslie Mrs. 

Mrs. Edward H. Levi Mrs. 

Mrs. Homer J. Livingston Mrs. 

Mrs. Albert E. M. Louer Mrs. 

Mrs. Franklin J. Lunding Mrs. 

Mrs. Wallace D. Mackenzie Mrs. 

Mrs. Richard D. Mason Mrs. 

Mrs. David Mayer Mrs. 

Mrs. Frank D. Mayer Mrs. 

Mrs. Brooks McCormick Mrs. 

Mrs. John T. McCutcheon Mrs. 

Mrs. John T. McCutcheon, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Edward D. McDougal, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Remick McDowell Mrs. 

Mrs. Henry W. Meers Mrs. 

Mrs. J. RoscoE Miller Mrs. 

Mrs. William H. Mitchell Mrs. 

Mrs. John T. Moss Mrs. 

Mrs. Charles F. Murphy, Jr. Mrs. 

Mrs. Lewis E. Myers Mrs. 

Mrs. Charles Fender Nadler Mrs. 

Mrs. Richard H. Needham Mrs. 

Mrs. John Nuveen Mrs. 



Paul W. Oliver 
J. Michael O'Riley 
Walter Paepcke 
Henry D. Paschen, Jr. 
John T. Pirie, Jr. 
William Roe Polk 
William P. Pope 
Charles S. Potter 
Edward S. Price 
Frederick Childs Pullman 
George A. Ranney 
John Shedd Reed 
Howard C. Reeder 
Joseph E. Rich 
T. Clifford Rodman 
Clive Runnells 
John S. Runnells 
Harold Russell 
George W. Ryerson 
Leo H. Schoenhofen, Jr. 
John G. Searle 
William L. Searle 
Patrick Shaw 
John M. Simpson 
John R. Siragusa 
Gerald A. Sivage 
Edward Byron Smith 
Farwell D. Smith 
George Dresser Smith II 
Hermon Dunlap Smith 
Solomon Byron Smith 
Lyle M. Spencer 
Gatzert Spiegel 
Jack C. Staehle 
Gardner H. Stern 
Adlai E. Stevenson III 
Robert E. Straus 
Joseph L. Strauss, Jr. 
William S. Street 
Walter A. Stuhr, Jr. 
Carroll H. Sudler 
William G. Swartchild, Jr. 
ROLLY O. Swearingen 
Edward F. Swift 
GusTAVus F. Swift 
Phelps H. Swift 
A. Thomas Taylor 
Bruce Thorne 
Theodore D. Tieken 
Chester D. Tripp 
Thomas S. Tyler 
Derrick Vail 
Cyril L. Ward 
J. Harris Ward 
Louis Ware 
Thomas M. Ware 
Hempstead Washburne 
Hempstead Washburne, Jr. 
George Harry Watkins 
Morrison Waud 
E. Leland Webber 
John Paul Welling 



67 



Mrs. Frank O. Wetmore II 
Mrs. Henry P. Wheeler 
Mrs. Tieken Wheelock 
Mrs. Julian B. Wilkins 
Mrs. Philip C. Williams 
Mrs. Jack A. Williamson 
Mrs. John P. Wilson, Jr. 



Mrs. J. Howard Wood 
Mrs. Frank H. Woods 
Mrs. Philip K. Wrigley 
Mrs. Blaine J. Yarrington 
Mrs. Rainer Zangerl 
Mrs. Ernest Zeisler 



68 



Staff 

December 31, 1970 

E. Leland Webber, B.B.Ad., C.P.A., Director 

SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMS 
Robert F. Inger, Ph.D., Chairman 

DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY 

Donald Collier, Ph.D., Chairman 

Paul S. Martin, Ph.D., Chief Curator Emeritus 

Phillip H. Lewis, Ph.D., Curator, Primitive Art and Melanesian Ethnology 

James W. VanStone, Ph.D., Curator, North American Archaeology and Ethnology 

Glen H. Cole, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Prehistory 

HOSHIEN Tchen, Ph.D., Consultant, East Asian Collection 

Christopher C. Legge, M.A., Custodian of Collections 

Christine S. Danziger, M.S. Conservator 

Raymond Wielgus, Restorer, Anthropology 

Lillian Novak, B.A., Departmental Secretary 

Robert J. Braidwood, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 

Philip J. C. Dark, Ph.D., Research Associate, African Ethnology 

Fred Eggan, Ph.D., Research Associate, Ethnology 

J. Eric Thompson, Dipl. Anth. Camb., Research Associate, Central American 
Archaeology 

George L Quimby, M.S., Research Associate, North American Archaeology and 
Ethnology 

F. Clark Howell, Ph.D., Research Associate, Old World Prehistory 
James R. Getz, Field Associate 

Evett D. Hester, M.S., Field Associate 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY 

Louis O. Williams, Ph.D., Chairman 

William C. Burger, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Vascular Plants 

Johnnie L. Gentry, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Vascular Plants 

Patricio Ponce de Leon, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Cryptogamic Herbarium 

Donald Ray Simpson, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Peruvian Botany 

Dorothy Gibson, Supervisor, Herbaria 

Rolf Singer, Ph.D., Visiting Research Curator in Mycology 

69 



Roberta C. Carnagio, B.A., Departmental Secretary and Librarian 
Margery C. Carlson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Sidney F. Glassman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Palms. 
E. P. KiLLiP, A.B., Research Associate, Phanerogamic Botany 
Rogers McVaugh, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vascular Plants 
Donald Richards, B.S., Research Associate, Cryptogamic Botany 
Ing. Agr. Antonio Molina R., Field Associate 
A. H. Heller, Associate 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY 

Rainer Zangerl, Ph.D., Chairman 

Edward J. Olsen, Ph.D., Curator, Mineralogy 

Eugene S. Richardson, Jr., Ph.D., Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

Bertram G. Woodland, Ph.D., Curator, Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology 

John Clark, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Sedimentary Petrology 

Matthew H. Nitecki, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Fossil Invertebrates 

William D. Turnbull, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Fossil Mammals 

Orville L. Gilpin, Chief Preparator, Fossils 

Winifred Reinders, Departmental Secretary 

Edward Anders, Ph.D., Research Associate, Meteoritics 

Ernst Antevs, Ph.D., Research Associate, Glacial Geology 

David Bardack, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vertebrate Paleontology 

Albert A. Dahlberg, D.D.S., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Robert E. DeMar, Ph.D., Research Associate, Geology 

Arnold M. Friedman, Ph.D., Research Associate, Geology 

Louis H. Fuchs, B.S., Research Associate, Meteoritics 

Ralph G. Johnson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Paleoecology 

Walter Kean, B.S., Associate, Mineralogy 

Erik N. Kjellesvig-Waering, B.S., Research Associate, Fossil Invertebrates 

Robert F. Mueller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Paul B. Moore, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Everett C. Olson, Ph.D., Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

Bryan Patterson, Research Associate, Fossil Vertebrates 

George W. Reed, Ph.D., Research Associate, Meteoritics 

Joseph V. Smith, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mineralogy 

Thomas N. Taylor, Ph.D., Research Associate, Paleobotany 

J. Marvin Weller, Ph.D., Research Associate, Stratigraphy 

R. H. Whitfield, D.D.S., Associate, Fossil Plants 

Violet Whitfield, B.A., Associate, Fossil Plants 

DEPARTMENT OF ZOOLOGY 
Rupert L. Wenzel, Ph.D., Chairman 

70 



Joseph Curtis Moore, Ph.D., Curator, Mammals 

Philip Hershkovitz, M.S., Research Curator, Mammals 

Emmet R. Blake, M.S., D.Sc, Curator, Birds 

Melvin a. Traylor, A.B., Associate Curator, Birds 

M. DiANNE Maurer, A.B., Assistant, Birds 

Hymen Marx, B.S., Associate Curator, Reptiles 

Loren p. Woods, B.S., Curator, Fishes 

Henry S. Dybas, B.S., Head, Division of Insects 

John B. Kethley, Ph.D., Assistant Curator, Insects 

August Ziemer, Assistant, Insects 

Alan Solem, Ph.D., Curator, Invertebrates 

Karel F. Liem, Ph.D., Associate Curator, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Sophie Andris, Osteologist 

Mario Villa, Tanner 

Marilyn A. Kurland, Departmental Secretary 

RUDYERD Boulton, B.S., Research Associate, Birds 

Alfred E. Emerson, Ph.D., Sc.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Harry Hoogstraal, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

David Kistner, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ch'eng-Chao Liu, Ph.D., Research Associate, Reptiles 

Helen M. McCammon, Ph.D., Research Associate, Invertebrates 

Charles F. Nadler, M.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Charles Ernest Oxnard, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Clifford H. Pope, B.S., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

George B. Rabb, Ph.D., Research Associate, Amphibians and Reptiles 

Charles A. Reed, Ph.D., Research Associate, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Robert Traub, Ph.D., Research Associate, Insects 

Ronald Singer, D.Sc, Research Associate, Mammalian Anatomy 

Alex K. Wyatt, Research Associate, Insects 

Luis de la Torre, Ph.D., Associate, Mammals 

Jack Fooden, Ph.D., Research Associate, Mammals 

Waldemar Meister, M.D., Associate, Anatomy 

Edward M. Nelson, Ph.D., Associate, Fishes 

Harry O. Nelson, B.S., Associate, Insects 

Karl Plath, Associate, Birds 

DioscoRO S. Rabor, M.S., Associate, Birds 

Lillian A. Ross, Ph.B., Associate, Insects 

Walter Segall, M.D., Research Associate, Vertebrate Anatomy 

Ellen T. Smith, Associate, Birds 

Robert L. Fleming, Ph.D., Field Associate 

Georg Haas, Ph.D., Field Associate 

71 



Frederick J. Medem, Sc.D., Field Associate 
Dale J. Osborn, Ph.D., Field Associate, Mammals 
William S. Street, Field Associate 
Janice K. Street, Field Associate 

DEPARTMENT OF EXHIBITION 

Lothar p. Witteborg, M.A., Chairman 

Harry E. Changnon, B.S., Assistant to the Chairman 

Carl W. Cotton, Taxidermist 

Samuel H. Grove, Jr., Artist-Preparator 

Ben G. Kozak, B.F.A., Chief Exhibit Designer 

TiBOR Perenyi, Ph.D., Artist 

Donald R. Skinner, M.F.A., Chief Graphics Designer 

Solomon A. Smith II, M.A., Coordinator of Special Exhibits 

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 
Donald C. Edinger, M.S., M.Ed., Chairman 

N. W. Harris Public School Extension 
Jonathan G. Taylor, B.A., Co-ordinator 
Ronald Lambert, Preparator 
Bertha M. Parker, M.S., Research Associate 

James Nelson and Anna Louise Raymond Foundation 

for Public School and Children's Lectures 
Marie Svoboda, M.A., Co-ordinator 
Harriet Smith, M.A., 
Edith Fleming, M.A. 
Ernest J. Roscoe, M.S. 
Dorothy Geel, Departmental Secretary 

Division of Audio-Visuals 

Janet M. Swinton, M.A., Co-ordinator 

THE LIBRARY OF THE MUSEUM 
W. Peyton Fawcett, B.A., Librarian 
Chih-Wei Pan, M.S., Cataloger 
Eugenia Jang, Serials Librarian 
Alfreda C. Rogowski, Order Librarian 
Max L. Plaut, M.A., Reference Librarian 

FIELD MUSEUM PRESS 

Editorial Office 

James W. VanStone, Ph.D., Scientific Editor 

Patricia M. Williams, B.A., Managing Editor, Scientific Publications 

72 



Division of Printing 

Harold M. Grutzmacher, in charge 

DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT 

Thomas R. Sanders, B.S., Planning and Development Officer 

Phil Clark, B.A., Tours 

Joyce Zibro, B.A., Public Relations Counsel 

Dorothy M. Roder, Membership Secretary 

Virginia M. Straub, Secretary to the Women's Board 

ADMINISTRATION 

Norman W. Nelson, B.S., C.P.A., Business Manager 

GusTAV A. NOREN, Assistant to the Business Manager 

Susanmary C. Young, B.A., Secretary to the Director 

Betty J. Peyton, Secretary to the Chairman, Scientific Programs 

Beverly C. Scott, B.S.C, Secretary to the Business Manager 

Mary A. Hagberg, L.L.B., Registrar 

Richard D. Janecki, A.A., Chief Accountant 

Michael D. Lee, B.Sc, Purchasing Agent 

THE BOOK SHOP 

UNO M. Lake, A.B., Manager 

DIVISION OF PHOTOGRAPHY 

John Bayalis, Photographer 

Ferdinand Huysmans, Dipl. A., Assistant 

Clarence B. Mitchell, B.A., Research Associate 

BUILDING OPERATIONS 

James R. Shouba, Building Superintendent 
Leonard Carrion, Chief Engineer 
Jacques L. Pulizzi, Superintendent of Maintenance 
Rudolph Dentino, Assistant Chief Engineer 

THE GUARD 

August Teschendorf,* B.S., Security Chief 



VOLUNTEERS 

Mrs. Richard Bentley 
Mr. Harlan J. Berk 
Mrs. Harlan J. Berk 
Mrs. Jack Blackmon 
Mrs. Hugo Brod 



Mrs. Robert L. 

Brookman 
Mrs. Roger Brown 
Mrs. Thomas D. Burke, 

Jr. 



Mrs. Orlando R. 

Cabanban 
Mrs. WiUiam M. Carson 
Miss Nora Chandler 
Mrs. John Colliopoulos 



Resigned December, 1970 



73 



Mrs. Leonard Davidow 
Mrs. Britton A. Davis 
Mr. James B. Dickson 
Mr. Stanley J. Dvorak, 

Jr. 
Mrs. Henry Dybas 

Dr. Margaret Elliott 

Mrs, Charles Fuller II 

Mrs. Maurice P. 

Geraghty 
Mrs. Joseph Girardi 
Mr. Solomon Gurewitz 

Miss Gertrude M. 

Hannen 
Mrs. Ann Marie Hegarty 
Mrs. William A. Hoff 
Mr. Claxton E. Howard 
Mrs. Robert C. 

Hyndman 

Mrs. Robert Y. Jordan 



Mrs. Rudolph Karall 
Miss Mary Kay Karzas 
Mrs. Robert T. Keppler 

Mrs. Wallace D. 

Mackenzie 
Mrs. Arthur E, 

MacQuilkin 
Mrs. John Maris 
Mrs. H. F. Matthies 
Mr. Edmund S. Meltzer 
Mrs. George Morrison 

Mrs. Frank Nellis 
Mrs. Seymour 
Nordenberg 

Mrs. Ronald A. Orner 
Mrs. Richard Oughton 

Mrs. Philip Y. Paterson 
Mr. Herman J. Pfeifer 
Mrs. Theodore H. Pincus 
Mrs. John Prokup 
Miss Mae Provus 



Mr. Vernon Reaves 
Mrs. Samuel R. 

Rosenthal 
Mrs. Harold M. Ross, 

Jr. 

Mr. Sol Sackheim 
Mrs. A. R. Sarabia 
Mrs. James W. Sasso 
Mrs. Alice K. Schneider 
Mr. Wayne Serven 
Mr. Stephen A. Shank 
Miss Cynthia Sholl 
Mrs. C. William 

Sidwell 
Mrs. Nathan M. 

Silberman 
Mrs. James G. Speer 
Mrs. George T. 

Spensley 
Mrs. John Stephens 
Mrs. James Swartchild 
Mrs. Allen W. Swenson 

Mrs. Roy R. Wiley 
Mrs. Marvin Wolfson 



74