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I-a-e 9, nineteenth line from top for "S. W.- Laidley, read W. .S. Laidley. 
l-ase ;». ei«hteenth line fr.m, l.ottoni, for James -M." Bro%vn. read James f. 

Brown. 
l-a-'o 17 last line at bottom, for -Virgina" read Vinjinia. 

Pa-e 04' first and second lines from bottom, for "I'.ancorder." read Recorder. 
I'age 70. twenty-second line from top. for "Saunders-' read Saudrrs. Same m 

fourth and ninth lines on page 202. 
rage iL'.o, last line at bottom right column, for -William B. Zane," read William B. 

Zinn. _, .. 

I-a;;e ^■^r,, seventh line from !)ottom in second column, supply the name "Smith 

after Nehemiah. 
I'age ]<ili. in tenth line fr«m bottom, for November "20th." read November 29th. 
I'age 1«8, first line at top, for "abopt," read aUopt. 
I'age 173, third line from bottom, for "Seators."' read f^owlors. 
Page 182, second line from top, for "Thuse." read Thus. 
Page 1S9, seventh line from bottom, for "Mason," read llarion. 
Page 11'5, first line at top omit final "s" in Conrmiion. 
I agj -'-e eleventh line from bottom, for "1779," read IH'i). 
Page 2.51, second line from bottom for "Nnxon." read Sixou, and for "James" read 

■John. 
Page 200. thirteenth line from top. for S. "V." Mathews, read S. W. Mathews. 
I'age 2.S5, tifth line from top. for "Virgfinia," read VirfjinUi. 
Page 2.S8. twenty-first line from bottom, for '-Kerchnal." read Krnhevai. 
Pa-e 291. first line at top, omit final '"e" in Green. 
1 age 318. third line from top, for "Piedmont." read Pnintytoini. 
la^e :;22. thirteenth line from bottom, after name of "Eustace Gibson," add that 
i)f ■liiiiir.'i AjiIIioiiii Hunhcs. 



Second Biennial Report 



Of the Department of 




ARCHIVES AND HISTORY 



of the 



State of West Virginia. 



VIRGIL A. LEWIS, M. A., 

State Historian and Archivist. 




" I cannot but think that he to whom shall be afforded the opportunity 
to tell of the progress of West Virginia, when in a few years, half a century 
shall have elapsed, will be justified if he characterizes as marvelous the first 
fifty years, rivaling as they will, the best in all the glowing records of Ameri- 
can Commonwealths.'' 

Geouge B. Cortelyou. 



( Checked 
^ay 1913 



;v.)3;^5;^ 



<r V 



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL. 



State of West Virginia, 
Department of Archives and History, 
Charleston, October 1, 190S. 
To His Excellency, 

Honorable W. M. O. Dawson. 

Governor of West Virginia. 

My Dear Sir: — 

By the provisions of Section Three of Chapter LXIV of the Acts 
of the Legislature, Session of 1905, the State Historian and Archi- 
vist is required to make annually a report to the G-overnor to be 
transmitted by him to the Legislature, which report shall contain 
an exhibit of all the State Papers, Public Documents, Books, 
Phamplets and other property belonging to the Department o" 
Archives and History, together with annual accumulations, and a 
statement of the receipts and expenditures thereof; and accom- 
panied by such recommendations as he deems best for the State's 
interest in the Department. In compliance therewith I now have 
the honor to transmit to you herewith the Second Biennial Report 
of this Department, for the two fiscal years endin,g respectively 
September 30, 1907, and September 30, 1908. Again thanking 
you for the kindly interest and earnestness you have manifested in 
the work of the Department, I remain, yours 
I Most obediently, 

Virgil A. Lewis, 
State Historian and Archivist. 



SECOND BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE STATE 
HISTORIAN AND ARCHIVIST. 



PART ONE. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



ROOMS AND FURNITURE. 



The State Department of Archives and History is located on the 
third fioor of the Capitol Annex Building where it occupies eight 
thousand five hundred square feet of floor space, exclusive of the 
office of the State Historian and Archivist, and other private rooms. 
The ceiling (metal) is fifteen feet high, thus giving a wall surface 
of more than five thousand square feet for book-shelving, portraits, 
maps, etc. The entire surface of floor, walls and ceiling is painted 
in tints, thus giving to the whole a pleasing effect. It is lighted 
by day by thirty-two large windows, and four sky-lights, the lat- 
ter being 9x12 feet. At night it is rendered brilliant by one hun- 
dred and fourteen gas jets and one hundred and twent.y-six electric 
lights, each of the latter being of sixteen candle j)Ower. Steam 
heat is supplied from twenty radiators connected with a central 
plaint. The elevator service is by the tower in the center encased 
with glass on all sides. On the floors, in offices under reading tables, 
and in aisles, there are three hundred yards of carpet; there are 
thirty-eight bookcases, which together with that on the walls, ag- 
gregate three thousand, eight hundred and seventy-three feet of 
shelving; sixty-two show cases; thirty-two tables; twenty-four 
chairs; and thirteen miscellaneous filing. cases and other pieces of 
furniture. Among this are many pieces to which attach historic, 
interest. Three of the walnut cases stood in the "West Virginia 
Building at the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia, in 1876 ; 
seven pieces were used for the State exhibits in the various Exhibit 
Buildings at the World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago, in 
1893 ; four pieces 'were used in the State Exhibit at the Louisiana 
Purchase Exposition at St. Louis, in 1903 ; and fourteen of the best 
show-cases in the rooms were used for the State History Exhibit 
at the Jamestown, Ter-Centennial Exposition on Llampton Roads, 
Virginia, in 190". 



THE LIBRARY SECTION 



THE DEPARTMENT LIBRARY— ITS FOUNDATIONS AND 

GROWTH. 



The Library of the Department has some interesting historic 
details connected with its beginning and growth. Some mention of 
these will not be improper here. 

The Old Virginia State Library at LE\\asBURG: — By an Act of 
the General Assembly of Virginia passed April 8, 1831, the Supreme 
Court of Appeals was required to sit at Lewisburg in Greenbrier 
County, now West Virginia, ninety days annually, beginning on 
the first Monday in August for the hearing and determining of 
all causes which were appealed from counties now in West Virginia, 
except those of Berkley, Jefferson, Hampshire, Morgan and Hardy. 
An Act of March 20, 1832, provided that the ''Statutes at Large" 
of Virginia, Session Acts since the revisal of the Code in 1819, the 
Supreme Court Reports and all other books of which there were 
duplicates in the Law Library, should be sent to Lewisburg, where 
John A North, clerk of the Court of Appeals, w^as made ex officio 
Librarian. By another Act, passed December 13, 1833, the sum of 
$1,200.00 was appropriated to provide a library for the Court of 
Appeals at Lewisburg and the Librarian at Richmoiu.d w^as re- 
quired to transmit to Lewisburg duplicates of all books then consti- 
tuting the Library in that city, or that should thereafter come into 
it. Thus was a State Library established at Lewisburg. Years 
passed away and many valuable miscellaneous volumes were added 
to it. Then came the years of the Civil War and State division, 
when many of the books were scattered and lost. The New State of 
West Virginia laid claim to all public property within its limits, the 
library at Lewisburg included. In 1866, Sylvanus W. Hall of Mar- 
ion County, then Clerk of the new West Virginia Court of Appeals, 
went to Lewisburg where he fovind the library of the old (Virginia") 
Court of Appeals, in the custody of a young lawyer — Henry IMason 
Mathews — afterward Governor of the State. He turned all over 
to ]Mr. Hall and assisted in boxing and packing when all were taken 
in w^agons to Allegheny Station cm. the old Covington and Ohio 
Railroad and shipped by way of Washington to Wheeling. There- 
after they, together with the books in the West Virginia Law 
Library, Avere shipped back and forth between Wheeling and Char- 
leston, a.s the Seat of State Government was changed here and there 



G Archives and History. [W. Va. 

until 1885, when they were brought to Charleston to be taken awa> 
no more. 

The West Virginia Historical and Antiquarian Society : — 
This Society was organized in the Senate Chamber of the Stale 
House at Charleston January 30, 1890, and received from the 
Secretary of State, a charter of incorporation on the 11th of 
February, 1890. The Board of Public Works gi'anted it the use 
of a room on the first floor of the State House — one now used by the 
State Superintendent of Schools — and in this it deposited its fir^jt 
collections. 

The Historical Society Made the Custodian of the State's 
Miscellaneous Books: — On the 19th of February, 1891, Dr. ]\[. 
S. Bryte, a member of the House of Delegates, who had been active 
in the organization of the State Historical Society, reported Joint 
Eesolution No. 10, in a Preamble to which it was set forth that : 

Whereas, there are many Volumes, Documents and Papers in 
possession of the State Librarian which are of no value to tlie 
Law Librar}^, but of great value for Historical, Biographical and 
Scientific research, investigation and reference and 

Whereas, Such Books, Documents and papers are being con- 
tinually received by said Law Library', 

Therefore he it Resolved, That the State Librarian, with the con- 
sent and approval of the Supreme Court of Appeals of this State 
be, and is hereby authorized to turn over to the "West Virginia 
Historical and Antiquarian Society" such books, documents and 
papers, other than those belonging exckisively to the "Law Libra- 
ly" as are now in the possession of the State Librarian, or which 
may hereafter come into his possession, and which may be deenn d 
of special importance and interest to the said Society, both as col- 
lections and reference in publishing and preserving historical, bio- 
graphical, scientific, and other information relating to the Stat'. 

This Resolution was speedily adopted by the Legislature and the 
writer well remembers the condition in which these miscellaneous 
books were found — piled in heaps on the floors, and against rough 
unplastered walls in the uppermost parts of the attic of the State- 
House — and covered with the accumulated dust of years. He knows 
too, how these books — hundreds of volumes — were cleaned and car- 
I'ied down three flights of stairs to the first floor where, for th'^ 
time they were deposited in the room assigned by the Board o'' 
Public Works for the use of the Soeietv. From here its collec- 



390S] AoniTioNS to the Departjient Libbary. 7 

tions were moved to the second floor and later to the tliird floor, 
where they remained in the room now used as an Armory, until 
purchased by the Department of Archives and History, after which 
they were removed to the third floor of the new Capitol Annex 
Building where they are now deposited. Among these were some 
of the volumes from the old Lewisburg Library. 

ADDITIONAL FOUNDATIONy. 

Annually for sixteen years, the Legislature made small appro- 
priations of money to aid the Historical Society in its work, and 
with a portion of this — beyond contingent expenses — a few books — 
volumes of much value — were purchased each year. But the chief 
sources from which accessions came to the Library, were those Ol 
liberal spirited persons who made contributions of books, documents, 
papers, etc., to its collection. These constitute its most important 
foundations; chief of which has been the following: — 

Its First Doxation : — Within a few weeks after the State His- 
torical Society was organized, it received from the generous and 
scholarly General J. Watts DePeyster of New York City, a box of 
valuable books — in all nearly a hundred volumes — some of which he 
was the author himself. He had heard of the inauguration of the 
movement to preserve the history of the State and to lay the foun- 
dation of a State historical and miscellaneous library, and he de- 
sired to encourage it to the extent of his donation. 

The Summers Donation: — This was made in 1894, by Lewis 
Siunmers, Esq., of Charleston, West Virginia, a sou of Jvidge George 
W. Summers, he and his brother, Judge Lewis Summers, being long 
prominent residents of the Great Kanawha Valley, and active in the 
official life of Virginia before the Civil War. It was from their 
Library that the donation came, and it consisted largely of Federal 
Publications now most valuable, both because of age and the sub- 
jects of which they treat. 

The Brown Donation: — In 1895, Hon. James H. Brown, o£ 
Charleston, who had been one of the first Judges of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals of West Virginia, donated to the Historical 
Society a large collection of Federal Publications for the years of 
the Civil War. Because of the time at which they were issued 
they possess much historic interest. 

The Broun Donation : — About the year 1896, Major Thomas L, 
Broun contributed to the Society a number of bound volumes of the 
"Reports and Proceedings of the Board of Public Works" of Vir- 



ARCirivEs AXD History. [W. Va 



ginia, together with other volumes of the Reports and Transactions 
of the old James River and Kanawha Canal Company. It was 
this donation that became the foundation of the present unexcelled 
collection of the Public Documents of Virginia now in the Depart- 
ment of Archives and History, 

The Hale Donation :— In 1902, Dr. John P. Hale of Charlestoti. 
by wall, bequeathed to the Historical Society his private library of 
nearly four hundred volumes of rare works treating of history, art. 
science and general literature. This collection is one of great 
value, and consequently attracts much interest on the part of schol- 
ars and of general readers as well. 

THE CREATION OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHI^^S AND HISTORV. 

It has been stated that during the existence of the State Histor- 
ical Society, the Legislature made small appropriations annually, 
to aid in its work. These appropriations were usually accom- 
panied with the provision that books, relics, etc., collected and pur- 
chased with the money thus appropriated, should be and remain the 
property of the State, to be held in trust by the said Society for 
the said State. By an Act of the Legislature passed Februar}' IS. 
1905, the State Department of Archives and History was created, 
with an official known as the State Historian and Archivist at its 
head; its management being under the control of the Board of 
Public Works. One of the provisions of this Act was. that tin? 
Department should take into its keeping all property of whatever 
character, which had been purchased wath the State's money and 
held in trust for the State by the West Virginia Historical Society, 
this to be made a part of the collection of the Department of Ar- 
chives and History. When the officials of the Historical Society— 
a private corporation — learned of this provision, they proposed to 
the Board of Public Works, to sell its entire collection to the De- 
partment of Archives and History ; an agreement was reached — ^May 
25, 1905— by which they w^ere paid the simi of $580.00, and their 
entire collection — Library and all — has been transferred to this 
Department, where it is being classified, and labeled, as required 1)y 
law. 

ADDITIONS INIADE TO THE LIBRARY SINCE IT BECAME THE PROPERTY OF 
THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF xVRCHIVES AND HISTORY. 

Some very valuable contributions have been made to the Library 
since it became the property of the State Department of Archives 
and History. 



3908] Accessions ry Purchase. 9 

The Howard Donation: — In 1907, Hon. Hirain R. Howard ot 
Point Pleasant, West Virginia, donated a most valuable collection of 
West Virginia Public Documents — Journals of the Senate an<] 
House of Delegates — of the early years of the State, now long out 
of print and very difficult to obtain. 

The Burdett Donation:— In the summer of 1907, ]Mrs. Abbie 
Ann (Johnson) Burdette, wife of the late Hon. John S. Burdette, an 
early Treasurer of the State, gave to the Department a number of 
volumes, among them being Documents relating to the history of 
the State in the years of war, when it came into being. 

The Faulkner Donation: — In 1908, ex-United States Senator 
Hon. Charles J. Faulkner, Jr., of Martinsburg, West Virginia, 
donated to the Department a most valuable collection of Public 
Documents of Virginia; covering as they do the years from 1830 
to 1850 ^nd collected by his father, Hon. Charles James Faulkner, 
Sr., who was long connected with the old Virginia State Govern- 
ment, and a Unitegl States Minister to the Court of France during 
the administration of James Buchannon. 

The Laidley Donation : — Judge S. W. Laidley in 1908, gave to 
the Department a number of Federal Documents which aided very 
materially in filling out broken sets of these publications. 

The Brown Donation : — This was a donation made to t'his De- 
partment in 1908, by James M. Brown of Charleston, a son of Judge 
James F. Brown whose contribution to the Library of the Historical 
Society has been noticed. This may therefore be called "Th'^ 
Second Brown Donation." It consisted of a large number of vol- 
umes of much value. 

COLLECTIONS PURCHASED. 

Several collections of books have been purchased by the Depart- 
ment. In 1906, a number of volumes were purchased from the 
estate of Colonel J. B. Peyton who w^as clerk of the House of Dele- 
gates for many years. A valuable collection of the Public Docu- 
ments of Virginia were purchased from Judge James M. Mason of 
Charles Town the present year; and nearly six hundred volumes 
were bought from the estate of the late Judge George W. Sum- 
mers of Kanawha County. Such in brief are the Library Founda- 
tions and accessions. Thus it is that, both by purchase and dona- 
tion, the Library continues to grow. This data will be more valuable 
in the future than now — that is, when the Library will have grown 
to larger proportions. 



10 Arciuvks and History. [W. Va. 

THE LIBRARY AS IT NOW IS. 

The following figures in general itemized form, show the Li- 
brary as it is. It now contains, of 

History and Miscellaneous Literature. .. .12,414 Volumes and Pamphlets. 

Federal Publications 11,228 Volumes and Pamphlets. 

State Publications 7,724 Volumes and Pamphlets. 

A total of 31,3G(i Volumes and Pamphlets. 

Of these Volumes and Pamphlets — 

There are bound in Leather 11,4S8 

There are bound in Cloth 8,4G0 

There are bound in Paper 1,999 

Books and Pamphlets in Paper, Boards or 

Leatherette 9,419 

ni,3GG 
Total Volumes and Pamphlets in Library 

September 30, 1908, is 31,3CG 

Total Volumes and Pamphlets in Library 

September 30, 1906, was 23,1G2 



A gain in the biennial period of 8,204 



The Historical and Miscellaneous Section: — The books and 
pamphlets in this Section cover a wide range in Literature, — so wide 
indeed that this can only be determined by a Catalogue or Finding- 
List. History, biography, science, art, religion, and many other 
subjects far too numerous to mention here arc widely covered. By 
far the most important part of this Section is the Virginian His- 
tory—History of the Virginias — which it contains. 

Federal Pubucations Section : — This is a rare collection of the 
Documents of the National Government, rare because many of these 
date far back toward the beginning of the Republic — even to the 
days of the Continental 'Congress. Here too, with them are pub- 
lications of the Smithsonian Institution and of the National Mus- 
eum, as well. It is said that the Government Printing Office is the 
largest Publishing House in the World, and nearh^ twelve thousand 
of its publications — Volumes and Phamplets — are in this Depart- 
ment, where they are now received as published, the Department 
having been designated as a Depository for them. 

State Publications Section : — This is known in many libraries 
as the "Legislative Section" because it is here that Members of the 
Legislature and all other State officials, have access to all the 



190SJ PfBLic Documents of Virginia. 11 



publications of other States, thereby seeing what they have done, 
and are doing along every line of State Governmeat work. Section 
four of the Act creating this Department makes it the duty of the 
Secretary of State to deliver to it at least sixty copies of all West 
Virginia Public Documents for exchange for similar Documents 
with other States. This he has done, and the Department now has 
on its "Exchange List" the libraries of all the States and Terri- 
tories of the Union. Nearly eight thousand volumes of these Docu- 
ments of other States are now on its shelves. 

THE PUBLIC DOCUMENTS OF VIRGINIA — THEIR RELATION AND IMPOR- 
TANCE TO WEST VIRGINIA. 

For two hundred and fifty years West Virginia was a part of- 
Virginia and throughout this long period all Public Documents per- 
taining in auy manner to West Virginia are to be found among 
those of Virginia ; and if we are to have a complete collection of our 
own, we must secure it by making a complete collection of those o£ 
Virginia. To do this, the Department has made a special effort, 
and from the Ohio to the Chesapeake, and even far beyond the limits 
of both States, these Public Documemts and State Papers of Vir- 
ginia, while the two States were one, ha.ve been collected. The 
result of this quest is that we now have on the shelves the Journals 
of the House of Burgesses of the Colonial Period from 175-1 to 
1776 ; w^hile for the time since the Revolution- — that of the Com- 
monwealth — of ^Messages of the Governors. Journals of the Senat-.- 
and House of Delegates, Codes. Statutes at Large, Session Acts of 
the Assembly. Reports of Executive Officers, Boards controlling 
State Institutions and other Special and ^Miscellaneous Public Docu- 
ments, the Department has in all about five hundred volumes. This 
is probably the best collection of the printed documents of Virginia 
now extant, and among them as stated, are those pertaining to We^t 
Virginia while it was a part of A^irginia. 

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS OF THE RESTORED GOVERNMENT WHEN FRANCIS 

H. PIERPONT WAS GOVERNOR. 

The most remarkable, the most memorable event in the historv 
of any American State is that in the annals of the Virginias — a 
Period when there WTre two Governments in Virginia — the old 
State Government at Richmond and the Restored Government of 
Virginia at Wheeling— a Period when there were three State Gov- 
ernments on the soil of Virginia— the old State Government at 



12 Arciiivfjs and History. [W. Va. 

Richmond, the Restored Government at Alexandria, and a mew State 
Government — that of' West Virginia, at Wheeling. A strange re- 
cital in history, one that tells how the old State Government at 
Richmond passed out of existence and gave place to the Restored 
Government removed thither from Alexandria; and how the Re- 
stored Government had made possible the existence of the new 
State of West Virginia, in the Trans- Allegheny Region of the old 
Commonwealth. Because of the deep interest manifested by stud- 
ents of history, collectors have made a specialty of buying all docu- 
ments which in any manner relate to the Restored Government. 
West Virginia was late in beginning to collect and preserve the^e. 
no effort being put forth until it was done by the Department of 
Archives and History. In it have been gathered the following: — - 

1. Journal and Documents of the Richmond Convention, which adopt- 

ed the Ordinance of Secession 18G1. 

2. Speech of Waitman T. Willey on Federal Relations in Richmond 

Convention — 1861. 

3. Proceedings of the Clarksburg Convention of April 23, 1861. 

4. Proceedings and Resolutions of the First Convention of the People 

of Northwestern Virginia, at Wheeling, May 13, 1861. 

5. The Address of the First Wheeling Convention to the People of 

Northwestern Virginia, May 15, 1861. 

6. Proceedings of the Second Convention of the People of North- 

wester Virginia, assembled at Wheeling June 11, 1861. 

7. An Address of the First Wheeling Convention (May 15, 1861) 

to the People of Northwestern Virginia. 

8. Ordinances Adopted by the Second Convention of the People of 

Northwestern Virginia, assembled June 11, 1861. 

9. Journal of the Regular Session of the Constitutional Convention 

assembled at Wheeling, Nov. 26, 1861. 

10. Journal and Proceedings of the Called Session of the Constitu- 

tional Convention, reassembled Februaiy 12, 1863. 

11. Thirteen hundred and sixty-five Autograph Letters of the official 

Correspondence of the Restored Government for the year 
1862. 

12. The Address in Pamphlet form of Governor Pierpont to President 

Lincoln, on the Abuses of the Military Power in the 
Command of General Butler in Vii'ginia. 

13. All the Messages of Governor Pierpont to the General Assembly 

of the Restored Government, 1861, to 1865. 

14. Reports of the Auditor of State under the Restored Government, 

for October 1, 1861, and for November 1862. 

15. Constitution of Virginia and Ordinances Adopted by the Conven- 

tion assembled under the Restored Government at Alex- 
andria February 13, 1864. 



190S] Bibliography of West Virginia Documents. 13 

IG. An Address of the Delegates composing the New State Consti 
tutional Convention, to their Constituents, adopted Feb- 
ruary IS, 1SG3. 

17. Acts of the General Assembly under the Restored Government, 
Session beginning July 1, 18G1, at Wheeling. 
IS. Session Acts of the General Assembly under the Restored Gov- 
ernment, Session beginning December 2, 1S62, at Wheel- 
ing. 

19. Session Acts of the General Assembly under the Restored Gov- 

ernment, Session beginning December 4, 18G2. 

20. Journal of the Senate under the Restored Government, Session 

beginning December 2, 18G1. 

21. Journal of the Senate under the Restored Government, Session 

beginning December 4, 18G2. 

22. Journal of the Senate under the Restored Government. Con- 

vened at Richmond, June 19, 1SG5. 

23. Journal of the House of Delegates under the Restored Govern- 

ment, Session beginning December 2, 18C1 

24. Journal of the House of Delegates under the Restored Govern- 

■ ment, Session beginning December 4. 18G2. 

25. Journal of the House of . Delegates under the Restored Govern- 

ment. Convened at Richmond June 19, 1SG5. 

26. Address of Hon. John S. Carlile to the People of Harrison county. 

West Virginia, urging them to assemble in defense of the 
Union. Dated January 16, 1861. 

There are other valuable Public Documents relating to this Period 
which as yet have not been secured for the Department, l)ut no 
effort is being spared to find and get them for it. 

A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE JOURNALS AND PUBLIC DOCU- 
MENTS OF WEST VIRGINIA, WHICH HAVE BEEN 
ISSUED SINCE THE FORMATION OF THE 
STATE. 

The Public Documents of West Virginia inclitdc all the publica- 
tions of the State. They embrace the Journals of the Senate, and 
those of the House of Delegates ; the ^Messages of the Governors ; 
etc., the Reports of all elective State Officials, as the Auditor, 
Treasurer, State Superintendent of Free Schools, Attorney-Gen- 
eral, and Secretary of State ; of all appointive State Officials, as 
the Adjutant-General, Commissioner of Immigration, Commissioner 
of Labor, Commissioner of Banking, Chief Mine Inspector, Ta-i 
Commissioner, State Llistorian and. Archivist, Fish and Game War- 
den, and the State Librarian ; of the Boards of Directors of tho 
Penitentiary, the Boys' Reform School, the Industrial Home for 
Girls, the West Virginia Asylum, of ^Miner's Hospital No. 1, of 



14 Akchives and History. [W. Va. 

Miners' Hospital No. 2, and of Miners' Hospital No. 3; of Boards 
of Regents, as those of the "West Virginia University, the Pre- 
pai-atory Branch of the University at Montgomery, the Preparatory 
Branch of the University at Keyser, of the State Normal School 
and its Branches, of the Schools for the Deaf and the Blind, of 
the West Virginia Colored Institute, and of the. Bluefield Colored 
Institute; of the Humane Society, and of the Trustees of the Point 
Pleasant Battle Monument; of the State Board of Agriculture, 
the State Board of Health, the State Board of Embalmers, the 
Board of Dental Examiners, the Commissioners of Pharmacy, the 
State Geological and Economic Survey; together with mumbers ol 
miscellaneous documents relating to State Boundaries, Railroads, 
Mineral Springs, the Board of Public Works, Impeachment Trials 
State Exhibits at World's Fairs. Legislative Investigating Commit- 
tees, Virginia Debt Material, etc. etc. 

Public Documents are the materials for the historian. Without 
such a collection he, however much inclined, can never do justice 
to a State. Nor without them, can its people ever have an accurate 
knowledge of the founding and growth of their institutions ; nor of 
their own development in governmental affairs, educational and 
other interests. Not only this, but posterity can not have the means 
of judging, as it might, of the deeds, and principles of action, and 
of the legislation of ancestors. Thus the State that neglects to pre- 
serve its Public Documents, loses much to future generations — to 
the whole world indeed. 

Fortunate is the State that possesses a complete collection of its 
Public Documents ! Sometimes war, at other times fire, but more 
frequently the carelessness and thoughtlessness of persons filling 
public offices, have made sad havoc among them. But, fortunate in 
this respect has been West Virginia — thanks to its Department of 
Archives and History. It has been from the beginning, a leading 
object to make its rooms a great depository for the States' 
Archives — State Papers and Public Documents— a Department in- 
trusted with the collection and preservation of whatever may 
serve in the future to illustrate the life of the people of the State. 
When it began its work of rescue and preservation, the State had 
existed for more than forty years, and no collection of its Public 
Documents were anywhere extant. Since then the Documents of the 
Old Mother State, of the Restored Government of Virginia, and 
those of West Virginia have been collected from far and wide, 
and constitute the richest collection in the Department. How well 



1908] Messages and Public Documents. 15 

this work has been, and is being done, is left to those most interested 
in it to say. Almost every other American State has carefully col- 
lected and catalogued its Public Documents. The following is the 
result of the first attempt to make a classified list of the Public 
Documents of West Virginia, nearly all of those so listed, being in 
the Department Library. 

documents relating to the beginning of the state. 

1. Resolutions adopted by the First Convention of the People of North- 

western Virginia — First Wheeling Convention — which assembled 
at Wheeling May 13, 18G1. 

2. An Address of the Central Committee of the First Convention of the 

people of Northwestern Virginia — First Wheeling Convention — 
assembled at Wheeling May 13, 1861, as required by the Four- 
teenth Resolution of that body. 

3. Ordinances and Proceedings of the Second Convention of the People of 

Northwestern Virginia— the Second Wheeling Convention — which 
Restored the Government of Virginia, and took the necessary 
action leading to the formation of West Virginia. 

4. Report of the Executive Committee of the Constitutional Convention 

to the first Legislature of West Virginia — June 20, 1863 — detailing 
the steps taken by said Committee to secure the admission of 
West Virginia into the Union. 

5. Report of the Committee of the first Legislature of West Virginia— 

1863 — on Executive offices as to the date of the beginning of the 
same. 

6. Report of the House Committee on the Judiciary on the Second Sec- 

tion of an Ordinance of the Constitutional Convention entitled 
"An Ordinance to Provide for the Organization of the State," 
adopted February 19, 1863. Defines time when terms of office of 
all first State oflicials began. 

7. Report of the Joint Committee on State Seals and Coat-of-Arms — 

September 26, 1863. 

8. Correspondence between Francis H. Pierpont, Governor of Virginia 

under the Restored Government, and Arthur I. Boreman, first 
Governor of West Virginia, in July, 1863, in relation to the Books 
and Funds of the Restored Government being left with the new 
West A''irginia Government. 

MESSAGES AND DOCUMENTS.** 

Under the laws of "West Virginia all Reports of State ofificials. 



**It should be rememberGd that under the first Constitution — ISOf, to 1ST2 — all 
State officials were elected for a term of two years, beginning March 4th. in odd 
years : iind the Legislature held Annual Sessions, beginning on the third Tuesday 
in .Tanuary. "Reports" of State officials received by the Governor for the fiscal 
year ending September ."^0, 1872, were "Last Annuals." TTnder the Second Consti- 
tution, ratified in 1872, and in force since that date, all State officials are elected 
for four years, beginning March 4th. in odd years ; and the I^egislature holds biennial 
sessions, beginning on the second Wednesday in .January, in odd years. All "Re- 
ports" of State officials received l>y the Governor for the biennial period ending 
September .30, 1874, were "First Biennials." 



16 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

whether elective or appointive, together with those of Regents, 
Directors or other Boards, must be put in the hands of the Governor 
at the close of the period for which they are made ; he causes them 
to be printed separately for the use of the ensuing Legislature. 
Twenty-seven hundred copies of each may be printed, of which 
number twenty- four himdred are bound separately for distribution. 
The remaining three hundred copies are laid by until after the 
adjournment of the Legislature, when, together with the last mes- 
sage of the Governor to the Legislature, thej^ are bound in volumes 
designated as "Messages and Documents." There w re, of course, 
no doeuments presented to the first Session of the Legislature — 
that which convened June 20, 1863. The Public Documents — some 
of them, such as have been preserved — ^of the Sessions of 1864 and 
1865, — were printed in the Journals of the two Houses. In 1866, 
Governor Boreman caused a small octavo volume of Documents to 
be printed. Public Doeuments of the years 1867, 1868 and 1869 
were i)rinted as appendixes to the House Journals of these years. 
In all the years from 1869 to 1893 inclusive, the Public Documents 
were printed in a single volume for each Session. For the Sessions 
of 1895, 1897 and 1899, the Public Documents were printed in two 
volimies for each Session. For the Sessions of 1901 and 19l)3, they 
Avere printed in sets of three volumes each. And those for the years 
1905 and 1907, in sets of four volumes each. This Department has 
all volumes ever issued except that for the Session of 1871 and for 
that of 1879. It is hoped that these volumes may soon be in its 
possession. 

MESSAGES OF WEST VIRGINIANS GOVERNORS TO THE LEGISLATURE OF 

THE STATE. 

No State can have in its archives more valuable documents than 
the ^lessages of its chief Executives sent to its Legislative bod.y. 
These productioms are carefully i)repared by intelligent men wlio 
are well informed as to the conditions of the State at the time oC 
which tliey write. This Department has copies of all the messages 
which have been sent by West Virginia Governors to the Legisla- 
ture of the State. These are as follows: — ■ 

First Message of Arthur Ingram Boreman June 20, 1SG3. 

Second Message of Arthur Ingram Boreman January 19, 1864. 

Third Message of Arthur Ingram Boreman.. January 17, 1865. 

Fourth Message of Arthur Ingram Boreman January 16, 1866. 

Fiftli Message of Arthur Ingram Boreman January 15, 1867. 

Sixth Message of Arthur Ingram Boreman January 15, 1868. 




A West Vikgima Girl at the Court of Fraxce. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. Joseph Spencer, was born September 27. 
17S8; grew to womanhood near Vienna, Wood County, West Virginia; 
became tlie wife of General Levi'is Cass in 180G; and accompanied him to 
Detroit, where he was Governor of Michigan Territory; was a "Cabinet 
lad.v" while hei- husband was Secretary of War, 1832 to 1836; was with 
him in Paris while he was United States Minister, at the Court of France, 
and afrerwaid accompanied him in his oriental travels. She died at De- 
troit, March 31, 1853. From a painting by General David H. Strother, 
(1842) of Martinsburg, West Virgina. 



190S] Legislative Jouexals of the State. 17 

Seventh. Message of Arthur Ingram Boreman January 19, 18C9. 

First Message of William Erskine Stevenson January 18, 1870. 

Second Message of William Erskine Stevenson January 17, 1871. 

First Message of John Jeremiah Jacob January IC, 1872. 

Second Message of John Jeremiah Jacob November 19, 1872. 

Third Message of John Jeremiah Jacob October 20, 1873. 

Fourth Message of John Jeremiah Jacob January 13, 1875. 

Fifth Message of John Jei-emiah Jacob November 10, 1875. 

Sixth Message of John Jeremiah Jacob January 10, 1S77. 

First Message of Henry Mason Mathews January 8, 1879. 

Second Message of Henry Mason Mathews January 12. 1881. 

First Message of Jacob Beeson Jackson January 11. 1882. 

Second Message of Jacob Beeson Jackson January 10, 1883. 

Third Message of Jacob Beeson Jackson January 1.5, 188-5. 

First Message of Emanuel Willis Wilson .January 12, 1887. 

Second Message of Emanuel Willis Wilson April 20, 1887. 

Third Message of Emanuel Willis Wilson January 9, 1889. 

Fourth Message of Emanuel Willis Wilson January 15, 1890. 

First Message of Aretus Brooks Fleming January 10, 1891. 

Second Message of Aretus Brooks Fleming January 11, 1893. 

First Message of William Alexander MacCorkle January 9, 1895. 

Second Message of William Alexander MacCorkle January 14, 1897. 

First Message of George Wesley Atkinson January 9, 1899. 

Second Message of George Wesley Atkinson January 9, 1901. 

First Message of Albert Blakesley White January 14, 1903. 

Second Message of Albert Blakesley White January 2fi, 1904. 

Third Message of Albert Blakesley White January 12, 1905. 

First Message of William M. O. Dawson January 10, 1907. 

Second Message of William M. O. Dawson (Special) . .January 17, 1907. 
Third Message of William M. O. Dawson January 28, 1908. 

(In addition to the messages enumerated here nearly all of the Governors have 
sent to the Legislatures "Special ^lessages" on special subjects ; these, while not 
listed here are all in this Department.) 

JOURNALS OF THE STATE SENATE. 

(AXXUAL SESSIOXS.) 

.Tournal of the Senate for the Session beginning June 20, 18G3. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 19, 1864. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 17, 1865. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 16, 1866. 
.Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 15, 1867. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 21, 1868. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning Januarv 19. 1869. 



18 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 18, 1870. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 17, 1871. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January ItJ, 1872. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 19, 1872-3. 

(biexmal sessions.) 

Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 13, 1875. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 10, 1877. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 8, 1879. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 12, 1881. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 10, 1883. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 11, 1885. 
Journal of the Senate. for the Session beginning January 12, 1887. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 9, 1889. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 14, 1891. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 11, 1893. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 9, 1895. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 13, 1897. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 11, 1899. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 9, 1901. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 14, 1903. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 11, 1905. 
Journal of the Senate for the Session beginning January 9, 1907. 



Note — .Tmirnals of the Senate for the extra sessions of 1808 and of 1887, are 
also in the coKeetion of the Department. 

JOURNALS OF THE HOUSE OF DELEGATE'S. 

(ANXUAI. SESSIONS.) 

Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning June 20, 18G3. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 19, 18G4. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 17, 18G5. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 16, 186G. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 15, 18G7. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 21, 1868. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 19, 1869. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January IS, 1870. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 17, 1871. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January IG, 1872. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning Novem. 19, 1872-3. 

(BIENNIAL SESSIONS.) 

Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 13, 1875. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 10, 1877. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 8, 1879. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 12, 1881. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 10, 1883. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 11, 1885. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 12, 1887. 



lOOS] Legislative Manuals axd Civil Lists. 19 

Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 9, 1889. 
Journal of the H'ouse of Delegates for Session beginning January 14, 1891. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 11, 1893. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 9, 1895. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 13, 1897. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 11, 1899. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 9, 1901. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 14, 1903. 
Journal of the" House of Delegates for Session beginning January 11, 1905. 
Journal of the House of Delegates for Session beginning January 9, 1907. 



Note — Journals of the House of Delegates for the extra sessions of 1868 and of 
1887, are also in the collection of the Department. 

MANUALS, WITH RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE TWO BRANCH- 
ES OF THE LEGISLATURE, WITH CIVIL LISTS AND 
REPRESENTATION IN CONGRESS. 

(for axxual sessions.) 

For First Annual Session June, 1SG3. 

For Second Annual Session Januai'y, 1SG4. 

For Third Annual Session January, 18r5. 

Four Fourth Annual Session January, 1866. 

For Fifth Annual Session January, 1867. 

For Sixth Annual Session January, 1868. 

For Seventh Annual Session January, 1869. 

For Eighth Annual Session January, 1870. 

For Ninth Annual Session January, 1871. 

For Tenth Annual Session January, 1872. 

For Eleventh Annual Session November, 1872-73. 

(for riexxial sessioxs.) 

For First Biennial Session January, 1875. < 

For Second Biennial Session January, 1877. 

For Third Biennial Session January, 1879. 

For Fourth Biennial Session January, 1881. 

For Fifth Biennial Session January, 1883. 

For Sixth Biennial Session January, 1885. 

For Seventh Biennial Session January, 1887.. 

For Eighth Biennial Session Januaiy, 1889. 

For Ninth Biennial Session January, 1891. 

For Tenth Biennial Session January, 1893. 

For Eleventh Biennial Session January, 1895. 

For Twelfth Biennial Session January, 1897. 

For Thirteenth Biennial Session January, 1899. 

For Fourteenth Biennial Session January, 1901. 

For Fifteenth Biennial Session January, 1903. 

For Sixteenth Biennial Session January, 1905. 

For Seventeenth Biennial Session January, 1907. 



20 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



REPORTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS OF THE AUDITOR OF STATE. 

Report of a Committee composed of Samuel P. Hildreth, Lucian A. Ha- 
gans and Dr. Lewis W. Webb, on the Condition of the Auditor's Office, 
of the New State of West Virginia, July 14, 18G3. 

Report of the Auditor, Samuel Crane, made November 1, 1863, exhibiting 
the amount of money received into the Treasury for "Literary Pur- 
poses" and deposited therein on the day that West Virginia became 
a member of the Union. 

Preliminary Report of the Auditor of State showing condition of his office, 
November 8, 1S63. 

(annual bepoets.) 

First Annual Report of the Auditor; dated January 14, 1864. 
Second Annual Report of the Auditor; dated December 13, 1865. 
Third Annual Report of the Auditor; dated December 13, 1SG6. 
Fourth Annual Report of the Auditor; dated December 20, 1867. 
Fifth Annual Report of the Auditor; dated December 1, 1868. 

Sixth Annual Report of the Auditor; dated , — , 1869. 

Seventh Annual Report of the Auditor; dated November 26, 1870. 

Eighth Annual Report of the Auditor; dated , — , 1871. 

Ninth Annual Report of the Auditor; dated November 15, 1872. 

(biennial reports.) 

First Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1873 and 1874. 
Second Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1875 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscals- years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1885 and 1886. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1887 and 1888. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1895 and 189G. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Auditor tor the Fiscal years 1897 and 

1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1899 and 

1900. 
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1901 and 

1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscals years 1903 and 

1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Auditor for the Fiscal years 1905 and 

1906. 



Note — In addition to tlip foregoin? the Department is in possession of a num- 
ber of special reports and statutes issued from the Auditor's offices at various 
times, cliief among them lieing a "Statement Showing Values of Ijands. Lots and 
Buildings by Years and Counties from ISfiO to ]8(?0." Issued .lanuarv 31. 1867. 



19081 Reports of State Treasurers. 2:i 



REPORTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS OF THE TREASURER OF STATE. 

(axxual reports.) 

First Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated January 20, 1864. 
Second Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated January 20, 1865. 
Third Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated October 1, 1866. 
Fourth Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated October 1, 1867. 
Fifth Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated October 1, 1868. 
Sixth Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated October 1, 1869. 
Seventh Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated October 1, 1870. 
Eighth Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated October 1, 1871. 
Ninth Annual Report of the Treasurer; dated October 1, 1872. 

(BIEXXIAL RfJPORTS.) 

First Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1873 and 1871. 
Second Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1875 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1885 and 

1886. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1887 and 1888. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1893 and 

1894. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1895 and 

1896. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1897 and 

1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1899 and 

1900. 
Fifteenth. Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1901 and 

1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1903 and 

1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Treasurer for the Fiscal years 1905 and 

1906. 



Note — Other Documpnts relating: to the finance!? of the State are on file in this 
Department : among them heing the Report of Goveinor Boreman. on the Civil 
Contingent Fund. February IS. 1868, and the Majority and Minority Reports of the 
".Joint Committees on Finance and Claims" which contain detailed statements of 
the condition of the Treasury of the State, as they existed February 22, 1871. 

REPORTS OF THE STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF FREE SCHOOLS. 

N. B. — Under the First Constitution of the State this office was desig- 
nated as the General Superintendent of Free Schools. 



22 Archives and Histoky. [W. Va. 

(annual reports.) 
First Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools for 

1864.* 
Second Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools for 
, 1865; dated January 13, 1865. 
Third Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools for 

1866; dated December 8, 1866. 
Fourth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools; 

dated December 24, 1867. 
Fifth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools; 

■dated October 8, 1868. 
Sixth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools; 

dated January 9, 1869. 
Seventh Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools; 

dated January 4, 1870. 
Eighth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools; 

dated January 2, 1871. 
Ninth Annual Report of the General Superintendent of Free Schools; 

dated January 16, 1872. 
Tenth Annual Report of (he General Superintendent of Free Schools; 

dated February 12, 1873. 

(biennial REPOKTS.)! 
First Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1873 and 1874. 
Second Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1875 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, foi- 

Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1SS5 and 1886. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1887 and 1888. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years of 1889 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years of 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 



*Tlip First Animal Report of the General f'urer'rtordent nf Free Soli'iols, is- 
not in fhis Department: and extended research has failed to find it. It has been 
suggested that it may not have been made: this is not th" rise, it ■"•'>» n-'-'do qs 
references to it prove. It covered the educational work of the Nevs' State for th<* 
year I8G4. and evidently bore a date in December, 1864, or early in .January. 1805 
it may yet be found. 



1908] Documents of Department of Free Schools. 23 

Twelfth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, for 

Fiscal years 1895 and 1S9G. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, 

for Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, 

for Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, 

for Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, 

for Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the State Superintendent of Free Schools, 

for Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

CoMPiLATioisrs OF THE ScHOOL Law:* — Ever since the establish- 
ment of the Free School System the School Law of the State has 
been compiled by the State Superintendent of Free Schools and 
distributed from his office. In Section 2 of Article X of the first 
Constitution of the State, framed in 1861-2, it was declared that: 
' ' The Legislature shall provide as soon as practicable for the estab- 
lishment of a thorough and efficient system of Free Schools." In 
compliance with this constitutional provision, the Legislature at 
its first Session, passed an Act December 10, 1863, providing for 
the establishment of Free Schools. This was amended March 2, 
1884, as to election of Commissioners and County Superintendents, 
and exempting the City of Wheeling from the operation of the 
law. Numerous changes in the Act were made, February 25, 186-'). 
An Act passed February 27, 1867, was so sweeping in its changes 
that it was almost a re-enactment of the School Law. This was now 
codified by Daniel Laihb and appeared as Chapter XLV of the 
Code of 1868. Changes in the School Law prior to this date were 
made largely upon the recommendations of Hon. William Ryland 
White, first State Superintendent of Free Schools. Compilations 
made and distributed from the Department of Free Schools, by the 
State Superintendent, have been as follows : 

In 1869, by H'on. H. A. G. Ziegler 1,000 copies. 

In 1870, by Hon. Alvin D. Williams 1,200 copies. 

In 1870, by Hon. Alvin D. Williams 1,500 copies. 

In 1873, by Hon. Benjamin W. Byrne (No. copies unknown.) 

In 1876, by Hon. Benjamin W. Byrne (No. copies unknown.) 

In 1881, by Hon. Bernard L. Butcher (No. copies unknown.) 

In 1883, by Hon. Bernard L. Butcher (No. copies unknown.) 

In 1887, by Hon. Benjamin S. Morgan (No. copies unknown.) 

*It is possible that other compilations of the School Law may have been made 
and distributed, bnt no evidence of this has been found. Difference in number of 
conies between that of first and last compilations exhibits the growth of the Free 
School System. 



24 



Arcieives and History. 



[W. Va. 



In 1891, by Hon. Benjamin S. Morgan (No. copies unknown.) 

In 1894, by Hon. Virgil A. Lewis (No. copies unknown.) 

In 1897, by Hon. James R. Trotter (No. copies unknown.) 

In 1903, by Hon. Thomas C. Miller 25,.500 copies. 

In 1908, by Hon. Thomas C. Miller (complete revision) 20,000 copies.) 

Programs of Teachers' Institutes:* — Ever since the year 1879, 
the State Superintendent of Free Schools has been required by 
law to prepare and distribute a Program of AVork for the County 
Teachers' Institutes. This publication has been variously desig- 
nated as a "Course of Instruction," an "Institute Program." an 
"Institute Annual," etc., but always containing "A Program." 
These have been as follows : 



Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 
Program 



of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachei-s 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 
of Teachers 



' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 
' Institutes, 



1879, 
1880, 
1881, 
1882, 
1S83, 
1884, 
1S85, 
1886, 
1887, 
1888, 
1889, 
1S90, 
1891, 
1892, 
1903, 
1894, 
1895, 
1896, 
1897, 
1898, 
1899, 
1900, 
1901, 
1902, 
1903, 
1904, 
1905, 
190G, 
1907, 
1908, 



Prepared by Hon. Wm. K. Pendleton. 
" " Hon. Bernard L. Butcher. 



" Hon. Benjamin S. Morgan. 



" Hon. Virgil A. Lewis. 



" Hon. James R. Trotter. 



" Hon. Thomas C. Miller. 



*^Inoli raatorial of groat historic interest is being forgotten in the flight of years. 
Nowhere is this more true than in connection with the origin and growth of our 
pdi"at!onal'^'orlj. especially that part which is literary rather than statistical. In 
TSCj, the State 'J'eachers Association was organized at Fairmont, and the Program 
of lOxe^cises arranged and printed for the second meeting which was held at Clarks- 
burg in 1860. In the latter year. Institutes and Associations were formed in sev- 
erat counties of the State, resulting in manifest improvement to the Teachers; and 



1908] Department of Free Scihx)ls — Continued. 25 

OTHER PUBLIC DOCU^IENTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF FREE 

SCHOOLS 

A GRADED COURSE OF STUDY. 

A Manual and Graded Course of Study for Country and "Village Schools. 
Compiled by Benjamin S. Morgan, 1891. 

A Manual and Graded Course of Primary Instruction for Country and Vil- 
lage Schools. Compiled by Virgil A. Lewis^ 1894. 

A Manual and Graded Course of Primary Instruction for Country and 
Village Schools. Compiled by Thomas C. Miller, 1904. 

A Manual and Graded Course of Primary Instruction for Counti-y and 
Village Schools. Compiled by Thomas C. Miller, 1908. 

WEST VIRGIXIA EDUCATIOXAL DIRECTORY. 

The State Educational Directory. Prepared by James R. Trotter, 1899. 



the Stale Superintendent, Hon. William Ryland White, prepared and distributed a 
"Constitution for County Teachers' Associations." In 1868, the teachers of Upshur. 
Monongalia. Preston, Mason, Kanawha, Harrison, Ritchie, Marion, Wood and Ohio 
Counties held Institutes : and the Teachers of Wheeling were holding monthly 
meetings. In all old and new theories were discussed in that spirit which is best 
adapted to discover what is true. Essays, addresses, and discussions on topics cf 
interest to educators were the usual order. In 1870, Hon. Alvin D. Williams, State 
Superintendent of Free Schools, did more than any one else to emphasize the char- 
acter and importance of Institute worlv. Upon his appeal for aid, Dr. Barnas 
Sears, (ieneral Agent of the Peabody Fund, contributed one thousand dollars, to 
aid in the Institute worlc. This was a small sum but educators came for a pittance 
from other States and assisted in the work. Among these were Hon. E. E. White. 
State School Commissioner of Ohio ; William Mitchell, Superintendent of the Co- 
lumbus City Schools : N. M. McLaughlin, of McConnellsville, Pa. ; Dr. W. W. Wood- 
ruff of that State; Di-. I. W. Andrews of Marietta College; and Robert Kidd, the 
celebrated elocutionist. Institutes were held at Parkersburg, Buckhannon, Philippi, 
Fetterman, Moundsville, Lewisburg, Harrisville, Kingwood, French Creek. New Mar- 
tinsville, Peytona and Boone C. H., Charleston, Ravenswood, Point Pleasant. Harp- 
er's Ferry, Martinsburg, Fairmont, Weston, Circleville, Romney, Grantsville, Mid- 
dlebourne and Morgantown, and the work done this year marks an era in the edu- 
cational work of the State. By it teachers were improved, stimulated, and en- 
couraged and the Free School System was vitalized and strengthened. State Super- 
intendent Williams appeared as an instructor in fourteen of these Institutes. There 
was active work in 1871, in which Dr. Sears contributed eleven hundred dollars 
to aid in promoting the Institute work of the State. In 1872, Dr. Pendleton, then 
State Superintendent, had a plan to establish an Institute lasting one month, or 
two of two weeks each, in each Senatorial District. In 1873, but three Institutes 
were held in the State. Dr. Sears' contribution being but three hundred dollars. 
In 1874, six Institutes were held under the auspices of State Superintendent Byrne. 
These were at Point I'leasant, Charleston, Lewisburg, Parkersburg, Grafton and 
Weston. Dr. Sears' contribution was six hundred dollars. In 1875, Dr. Sears con- 
tributed eight hundred dollars and eight Institutes were held in the State. The 
same number were held in 1876, with the same sum of money contributed thereto. 
A change came in 1877. By an Act of February 28, that year, the school month 
was made to consist of twenty-two days, twenty to be devoted by the teacher to 
teaching, and two to attending a District Institute. Herein was introduced the 
first compulsory attendance provision ; a failure to attend the Institute meant a 
pro rata reduction of salary. By an Act of March .5, 1879, the teacher was again 
required to teach twenty-two days ; the District Institute was abolished and County 
Institutes, one or more, provided for in each county. Five hundred dollars were 
appropriated annually to pay instructors, none of whom were to receive more than 
twenty-flve dollars for an Institute. There was no compulsory attendance feature. 
In 1879, the law was so amended as to make the Institute work uniform through- 
out the State. This was accomplished by requiring the State Superintendent to 
prepare a "Course of Instruction" — an Institute I'rogram, — and to prescribe the 
method of instruction therein. The Institute Law of 1881, practically re-enacted the 
above provision, adding the compulsory attendance feature, with the penalty pro- 
vision, that a failure on the part of the teacher, without reasonable excuse, pre- 
vented him or her from entering an examination that year. From that date to 
this the compusory feature has continued without change, save, that the teachers 
are now paid a per diem for attendance. 



26 ■ AncHiVES and History. [W. Va. 



The State Educational Directory. Prepared by Thomas C. Miller, 1902. 

The State Educational Directory. " " " " " , 1904. 

The State Educational Directory. " " " " " , 1905. 

The State Educational Directory. " " " " " , 1906. 

The State Educational Directory. " " " " " , 1907. 

The State Educational Directory. " " " " " , 1908. 

PR0GE.\M AXD SVGGESTXGXS FOR LIBRARY DAY AX» FOR WEST VIRGINIA DAY. 

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. Prepared by T. C. Miller, 1905. 

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. " " " " " , 1906. 

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. " " " " '' , 1907. 

Programs for Library Day, and W. Va. Day. " " " " " , 1908. 

WEST VIRGINIA ARCOR AND T.IRD DAY' ANNUAL. 

Arbor and Bird Day Annual. Prepared by Thomas C. Miller, 1900. 



Arbor and Bird Day Annual. 
Arbor and Bird Day Annual. 
Arbor and Bird Day Annual. 
Arbor and Bird Day Annual. 
Arbor and Bird Day Annual. 



1903. 
1904. 
1905. 
1906.' 
1907 



MILITARY DOCUMENTS THE MILITIA — REPORTS OF THE ADJUTANT- 
GENERAL REPORTS OP THE QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL THE 

NATIONAL GUARD OF THE STATE. 

N. B. — The iMilitary Papei-s and Documents in this Department, 
are of the greatest interest, embracing as they do, the entire IMili- 
tary history of the state, both in war and peace. Among them are 
the Rosters of every West Virginia Regiment in the Federal ser 
vice, and that in manuscript of the Thirty-first Virginia Regiment 
Confederate States Army, the ranks of which were largely filled by 
West Virginians. The War Papers and Documents of the State in 
this Department are as follows : 

1. Report of the Board of Military Claims for the year ending Decem- 
ber 31, 1866. 

2. Supplementary Report of the Board of Military Claims; dated Feb- 
ruary 12, 1867. 

3. Report of Colonel Gibson Lamb Cranmer, West Virginia Commis- 
sioner in the Board of Trustees of the Antietam National Cemetery, at 
Antietam, Maryland, December, 1866. 

4. Report of the West Virginia Commissioners concerning Gettysburg 
and Antietam National Cemeteries, January 2, 1867. 

5. Report of Colonel Gibson Lamb Cranmer, a Trustee to the Antietam 
National Cemetry for the year 1867; dated January 1, 1868. 

6. Report of Hon. Chester D. Hubbard, a West Virginia Commissioner 
in the Board of Managers of the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettys- 
burg, Pennsylvania; dated January 14, 1S6S. 

7. The Military Claim of West Virginia against the United States; 
dated March 26, 1868. 



1908] Repokts Al)juta-<:t General's Office. 27 

8. The Marion County Riots, Documents relating thereto; dated Octo- 
ber 5, 1868. 

9. Report of Colonel Gibson Lamb Cranmer, a West Virginia Commis- 
sioner In the Board of Trustees of the Antietam National Cemetery; 
dated January 1, 1869. 

10. Reports concerning the movements of the State Troops in the 
great Railroad Riots at Martinsburg and elsewhere in 1877. 

11. Report of Colonel (afterward General) John W. M. Appleton, as 
to the movements of the State Troops in the Rioting in the New River 
Coal-Fields in 1880. 

12. Report of Colonel John W. M. Appleton, detailing the movements 
of the State Troops in an effort to preserve order in the New River Valley 
in 1881; dated November 21, 1881. 

13. Dispatches relating to the Cannelton (Fayette county) Riots, No- 
vember IG, 1881. Submitted by Governor Jackson to the Extra Session of 
the Legislature in 1882. 

14. Report of the West Virginia Service Commission made in 1902. 
Commission created by Act of the Legislature, approved February 22, 
1901. 

(AX^'UAL eeports.) 
First Annual Report of the Quartermaster-General; dated December 31, 

18G3.* 
Fourth Annual Report of the Quartermaster-General; dated January 1, 

1867. 
First Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated January 18, 1864.** 
Second Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated December 31, 1864. 
Third Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated December 31, 1865. 
Fourth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; 'dated January 1, 1867. 
Fifth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated September 30, 1867. 
Sixth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated September 30, 1868. 
Seventh Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated September 30, 

1869. 
Eighth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated December 31, 1870. 

Ninth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated , — , 1871. 

Tenth Annual Report of the Adjutant-General; dated , — , 1872. 



*Under the law of Virginia the Adjutant-General was c.t oflicio Quartermaster- 
General, and performed the duties of both offices ; hut in the progress of the Civil 
War it became apparent that the duties of the two offices were so diverse, and during 
active hostilities, so (inert)us. that they could not be, conveniently and satisfactorily, 
preformed by the same person ; and in order that there might be more efficiency 
in both Departments, a law was passed by the West Virginia Legislature .July 2.3, 
1863, separating them, and making the office of Quartermaster-General independent. 
On the passage of this law. Colonel George AV. Brown, of Preston county was ap- 
pointed to that office and served until by an Act passed February 12, 1867, the 
offices were again united, that is the Adjutant-General was once more made eo) 
officio Quartermaster-General. In September. 1866, Francis H. Pierpont. the first 
Adjutant-General of the State, resigned and the duties of his office devolved upon 
Colonel Brown, the Quartermaster-General, until the two offices were reunited. It 
was he who under date of .January 1. 1867. made the report of both offices for the 
year 1866. The Second and Third Reports of the Quartermaster-General — those 
for 1864 and 186."i — are not in this Department, but it is hoped that they may yet 
be foiuid and added to its collection. 

**In this Department but not in the Adjutant-General's office. It was printed 
in connection with Fxecutive Document, Xo. 1, in appendix to the Senate .Journal 
for Session beginning .January 10, 1864. But one copy is known to exist, and it 
should be reprinted at once. 



28 Aiiciirv'ES anu .History. [W. Va. 

(BlENNI^M, REPORTS. J 

First Biennial Repoi^t of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 1873 

and 1874. 
Second Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the' Fiscal years 

1875 and 187G. 
Third Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 1877 

and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal j'ears 1881 

and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 1883 

and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1885 and 1886 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1887 and 188S. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1889 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1891 and 1892 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1893 and 1S94. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

. 1895 and 189G. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1897 and 1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1899 and 1900. 
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the- Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant General for the Fiscal years 

1903 and 1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Adjutant-General for the Fiscal years 

1905 and 1906. 

REPORTS OF THE COMMISSIONER OF IMMIGRATION. 

(annual reports.) 

First Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; , 1864.* 

Second Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; . . . ., 1865.* 
Third Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated De- 
cember 27, 1866. 
Fourth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated Jan- 
uary 13, 1868. 



*The First and Second Reports of the Commissioner of Immigration are not in 
this Department. Researeli has been made for them and it is hoped that they may 
yet be found. March 2, 1SG4, the Legislature passed an Act creating the office of State 
Commissioner of Immigration ; and two days later Governor Boreman appointed 
.Toseph H. Diss Debar, designer of the State Seals and Coat-of-Arms, to this posi- 
tion. He engaged actively on the worli before him and his reports are State Docu- 
ments of rare interest. 



]908] Documents Relating to Penitentiary. 29 



Fifth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated Jan- 
uary — , 18G9. 

Sixth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated^ De- 
cember 20, 1S69. 

Seventh Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated 
', , 1870. 

Eighth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated , 

, 1871. 

Ninth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Immigration; dated , 

, 1872. 



tReport of the State Immigration Agent, C. E. Lutz; dated August, 1882. 



REPORTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS 
OF THE S^TATE PENITENTIARY.* 

1. Copy of Deed for Land on which the State Penitentiary is located; 
dated June 1, 186G. 

'2. Report of the Board of Public Works concerning the location of the 
Penitentiary and the appointment of a Board of Directors there- 
for; dated December 29, 1866. 

3. Majority and Minority Reports of the Joint Legislative Committee to 

Investigate the Affairs of the Penitentiary, 18G8. 

4. Majority and Minority Reports of the Joint Special Legislative Com- 

mittee appointed to Investigate the Charges against the Super- 
intendent of the Penitentiary, 1869. 

5. Report of the Joint Legislative Committee to examine the Condition 

and Investigate the Management of the Penitentiary. Dated Feb-. 

ruary, 1887. 
C. Testimony taken before the Joint Special Legislative Committee to 

Examine and Investigate the Management of the Penitentiary, 

1887. 
7. Rules for the Government of the Peniten<^iary as revised by the 

Warden and adopted by the Board of Directors,, 1894. 

(annual reports.) 
First Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary; dated 
January 1, 1867. 



tMarch 14, 1S70, the Les:islatnrp passer! nn Act anthoriziog the aiiiiointment of a 
State Agent on Immigration, and appropriated $500.00 to aid him in his work. 
Mr. C. E. Lutz, of Randolph county, who received this appointment, went to work 
energetically, and within the next two years succeeded in locating over two hun 
dred Swiss families in the State. But no further appropriations were made and he 
was forced to suspend the work. His Report to the Governor, made in August 
1SS2, and on file in this Department, is a valuable State Document. In lSf)7 the 
Board of Public Works appointed Mr. Thomas Popp, of Kanawha county, to the 
position of State Immigration Agent. But there was no appropriation made and 
he was unable to accomplish but little work. Henceforth the work of Immigration 
received but little attention until the present time, when, in 1007, Hon. .lohu 
Nugent was appointed to this position and has made it one of much importanc- 
to the State : he having visited Europe in the interest of his work. His report 
of his work for the year 1S97 (in manuscript), is filed in the Governor's office. 

♦Prior to the date when the Penitentiary was ready for occupancy, the Governor, 
by authority of the Legislature, rented a portion of the Ohio County jail for a 
State prison. 



30 Archhes and History. [W. Va. 

Second Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary; 

dated December 31, 1868. 
Third Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary; 

dated , —, 1869. 

Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary; 

■dated , — , 1870. 

Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary; 

dated , — , 1871. 

Sixth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary; 

dated September 30, 1872. 

(biennial bepokts.) 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1873 and 1874. « 

Second Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1S75 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1885 and 1886. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary for 

Fiscal years 1887 and 1888. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary, for 

Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary, for 

Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary, 

for Fiscal years 1893 and 1S94. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary, 

for Fiscal years 1895 and 1896. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary, 

for Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Boai-d of Directors of the Penitentiary, 

for Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary, 

for Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Penitentiary, 

for Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Board "of Directors of the Penitentiary, 

for Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 



1908] Hospital i-or Insane at Weston. . 31 

REPORTS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA 
HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE, AT WESTON, IN LEWIS COUNTY. 

1. Report of the Joint Legislative Committee to examine the West Vii'- 

ginia Hospital for the Insane, at Weston, 1863. 

2. Report of the Joint Legisaltive Committee appointed to investigate 

the affairs of the West Virginia Hospital for the Insane, 1869. 

(annu.^l reports.) 

Preliminary Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the In- 
sane at Weston; dated December 31, 1863. 
First Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated , — , 1864.* 

Second Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated — • ■ , — , 1865.* 

Third Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated October 12, 1866. 
Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated December 13, 1867. 
Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated September 30, 1868. 
Sixth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated September 30, 1869. 
Seventh Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated September 30, 1870. 
Eighth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; dated September 30, 1871. 
Ninth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston ; dated September 30, 1872. 

(biennial reports.) 
First Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston; for the Fiscal years 1873 and 1874. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1875 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of tlie Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1885 and 1886. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1887 and 



*The First and Second Annual Reports of the Board of Directors of the Hos- 
pital for the Insane at Weston, are not among the coliectlons of this Department. 
Enquiry for them continues to be made and it is hoped that they may be found. 



32 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

Ninth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for the 

Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1895 and 1896. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for 

the Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for 

the Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for 

the Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for 

the Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Hospital for 

the Insane at Weston, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

The beginning of the Hospital for the Insane at Weston, has an 
interesting bit of history comnected therewith. On the 22d day of 
March 1858, the General Assembly of Virginia passed an Act pro- 
viding for the establishment of the ' ' Trans- Allegheny Lunatic Asy- 
lum." The Governor was required to appoint thre?. Commission- 
ers, one from the Shenandoah Valley and two from that part of 
the State east of the Blue Kidge, to detcrmiDe a location for the 
Institution. Three points, — Sutton, in Braxton County, "WestOQ, 
in Lewis County ; and Fayetteville, in Fayette County- were named, 
one of which was to be selected. The Commissioners agreed upon 
Weston. The Act providing for the Institution carried with it 
an appropriation of $25,000.00 for the purchase of lands, not ex- 
ceeding three hundred acres. In 1860, the Assembly appropriated 
$50,000.00 for the work of construction, and in 1861, a similar sum 
for the same purpose. Work was suspended by Virginia because 
of the War, but it was resumed under the direction of the Re- 
stored Government, and later completed by the New State of AYest 
Virginia. 

REPORTS OF THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA 
UNIVERSITY, AND OTHER DOCUMENTS RELATING THERETO.* 

THE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE. 

1. Reiwrt of Samuel P. Hildreth, agent, concerning the sale of Agricul- 
tural College Scrip, and Investment of the Proceeds thereof; 
dated April 10, 18C6. 

*0n the 2d day of July, 1802. Congress passed an Act by which Land Scrip 
was appropriated for educational purposes. In accordance witli tliis Act Scrip to 
the amount of thirty thousand acres for each Senator and Representative in Con- 



1908] West Vikgima Agrici'Ltural College. 33 

2. Report of Samuel P. Hildi-eth, Cashier of the National Savings Bank, 

in regard to the Agricultural College Bonds. 

3. Special Message and Report of the Board of Visitors of the West 

Virginia Agricultural College; dated January 30, 18C8. 

4. Report of the Librarian, J. R. Weaver, of the West Virginia Agricul- 

tural College, with Catalogue of books in its Library, June 16, 
1868, and the Condition of the Reading Room, and List of Text- 
Books for use of Cadets, first year ending June 16, 1868. 

5. Roster of Cadets of the West Virginia Agricultural College, June 16, 

1868. 

6. Report of the Professor of Natural Sciences in the West Vii'ginia 

Agricultural College, June 17, ISGS. 

7. Report of the Executive Committee to the Board of Visitors of the 

West Virginia Agricultural College, June, 1868. 

8. Regulation for the Government of the West Virginia Agricultural Col- 

lege June, 1868. 

9. Catalogue of the Board of Visitors and Officers and Students of the 

West Virginia Agricultural College, June, 1SG8. 

10. Courses of Study in the Preparatory, Literary, Scientific, and Military 

Departments of the West Virginia Agricultural College, June, 
1868. 

11. Special Message and Report of the Board of Visitors of the West Vir- 

ginia Agricultural College, for the year 1SG7; dated Ja^iuary 30, 
1868. 

12. Second Annual Report of the Board of Visitors of the West Virginia 

Agricultural College; dated June 17, 1868. 

(axnual reports.) ■ 

First Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity; dated June 17, 18C8. 

Second Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity; dated June 17, 1869. 

Third Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity; dated June 15, 1870. 

Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity; dated June — , 1871. 



gress was appropriatpfi niul the fmicis realized therpfrom. donntefl. was designated 
for the endowment of Agricultural Colleges. In some of tlu> older States, tbeir 
portion was used to au.arment Hie endowments of Colleges and Universities already 
in existence: but for West Virginia it meant the founding of a new institution. 
The total number of acres appropriated to the State was one hundred and fiftr 
thousand which were sold for 890,000.00. which sum was invested in United 
States bonds. The Legislature by an Act of February 7, 1867, provided for the found- 
ing of a State Agricultural College, in compliance with the provisions of the Act of 
Congress, and Oovernor Boreman a few days later appointed a Board of Visitors 
for the proposed institution. Citizens of Morgantown and Monongalia countv ten- 
dered it the property of the old Woodbiirn Seminary, together with that of Mo- 
nongalia Academy, and cash, bonds, bank stock and other property, the whole 
valued at $51,000.00. This tender was accepted by the Board of Visitors, and the 
West Virginia Agricultural College was formallv onened .Tune 27. 1807. with 
one hundred and twent.v-flve students in attendance. Bv an Act of the Legislature 
passed at the Extra Session of that body, December 4. "ises. the 'name "West Vir- 
ginia Agi-icnltural College" was changed to that of "West Virginia University", by 
which Title the institution continues to be known. The name "Board of Visitors" 
was also changed to "Board of Regents", the latter succeeding to all the rights, 
powers, and privileges of the former. 



34 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity; dated June — , 1872. 

(BIENjyiAL REPORTS.) 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity, for the Fiscal years 1873 and 1874. 

Second Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity, for the Fiscal years 1875 and 1876. 

Third Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity, for the Fiscal years 1877 and 1878. 

Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity, for the Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 

Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity, for the Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 

Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity, for the Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 

Seventh Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1885 and 1886. 

Eighth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1887 and 1888. 

Ninth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University for the Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 

Tenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 

Eleventh Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 

Twelfth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1895 and 1896. 

Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 

Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
Univei'sity, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 

Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 

Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Board cf Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 

Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

Ill the numbering of these Reports, it seems that the one desig- 
nated Second Annual Report of the Board of Visitors of the "West 
Virginia Agricultural College", is the same as that marked First 
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the "West Virginia 
University". 

REPORTS OP THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE STATE NORMAL 

SCHOOL. 
(axnuai, rkports.) 
First Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal School 
for 1867; dated January 1, 1868. 



1908] 



Reports of State Normal School. 



35 



Second Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal 

School; dated January 15, 18G9. 
Third Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal 

School; dated November 29, 18G9. 
Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal 

School; dated December 19, 1870. 
Fifth Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the State Nownal 

School; dated ; , — , 1871. 

Sixth Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal 

School; dated , — , 1872. 

(bienxial reports.) 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1873 and 1874. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1875 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1885 and 188G. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1887 and 1888. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1895 and 189G. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State 

School, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 



Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 
Normal 



*0n the 27th of February, 1867, the Legislatiu-e passed an Act declaring that there 
be established a State Normal School to be called the "West Virginia State Normal 
School," for the instruction and practice of teachers of Common Schools in the 
science of education and the art of teaching, to be established at Marshall College 
in Cabell county. The General Superintendent of Free Schools, the Secretary of 
State, the Auditor and Treasurer with one other person from each of the three Con- 
gressional Districts, the latter to be appointed by the Governor, were made to con- 
stitute "The Board of Regents of the State Normal School." The Governor ap- 
pointed .T. T. McClure of the First District; .T. ,T. Barrick, of the Second District; 
and W. O. Mathews, of the Third District. The first meeting was held in Guyan- 
dotte, Cabell county, September G, 1867. Before adjournment, arrangements were 
completed for putting the present — Marshall College State Normal School — in oper- 
ation. 



36 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal 

School, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal 

School, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the State Normal 

School, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

REPORTS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA SCHOOL FOR THE DEAF AND 

THE BLIND. 

1. Report of the Principal of the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and 

Blind at Staunton. Virginia, Concerning West Virginia Patients 
therein, and Showing the Indebtedness of the State for their 
Treatment. Dated December 7, 1866. 

2. Second Report of the Principal of the Institution for the Deaf and 

Dumb and the Blind at Staunton, Virginia, Concerning West 
Virginia Patients therein. Dated December 27, 1867. 

3. Third Report of the Principal of the Institution for the Deaf and 

Dumb and the Blind at Staunton, Virginia, Concerning West Vir- 
ginia Patients therein, and Showing the Indebtedness of the 
State for their Treatment. 1S69.* 

(anxual reports.) 
First Annual Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for the 

Deaf and Blind for the year ending September 30, 1870. 
Second Annual Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for the 

Deaf and Blind for the year ending September 30, 1871. 
Third Annual Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for the 

Deaf and Blind for the year ending September 30, 1872. 

(BtEXXIAL REPORTS.) 

First Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1873 and 1874. 
Second Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for Iho Fiscal years 1875 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1885 and 1886. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1887 and 1888. 

*ThiR flocurapnt has not bepn found, hnt it evidently hart an existence for Got- 
ernor William E. Stevenson, in his messase to the Ivesislature, dated .Taniiary 10, 
1870. states that he has the pleasure of transmitting it to that body. It seems that 
no such Document was received in 1S6S. 



1908] Schools ioe the Deaf and the Blind. 37 

Ninth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1S89 and 1890. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1895 and 189G. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Fourtenth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School for 

the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years of 1903 and 1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Regents of the West Virginia School 

for the Deaf and Blind for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 
The By-Laws of the West Virginia Institution for the Deaf and Dumb 

and the Blind, for the year 1875. 

The 4th Section of Article 10, of the first Constitution, pro- 
vided that the Legislature should, when it was practicable, make 
suitable provision for the blind, mute, etc. Prior to and during 
the Civil War, the Deaf and the Blind Children of the western 
counties of Virginia — now West Virginia — were educated at Staun- 
ton in the Shenandoah Valley. Under date of December 7, 1866, 
James F. Patterson, Secretary of the Board of Visitors of "The 
Institution for the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind" at that place 
transmitted from his Board to Governor Boreman, and through him 
to the Legislature a Report, or Document, "Concerning West Vir- 
ginia Patients in that Institution and showing the Indebtedness 
of the State therefor." From this it appared that there were 
then fifty-three inmates from what is now West Virginia, and rep- 
resenting the counties of Harrison, Barbour, Ritchie, Taylor, Logan, 
Lewis, ]\Iason, Gilmer, Preston, Kanawha and Berkley, together with 
the City of Wheeling. It was further shown that for their board, 
clothing and tuition, the State of West Virginia was indebted Lo 
the Institution at Staunton in the smn of $24, 382. 55. No action 
was taken at this time, and under date of December 17, 1867, the 
Board of Visitors again memorialized the Legislature, through 
Governor Boreman, who sul^mitted the Document to that body. 
Still another memorial was received in 1869. Meantime, Governor 
Stevenson was urging upon the Legislature the establishment of 
an Institution for the care of these unfortunates. In his message 



38 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

to that body in 1870, he said: "We are under moral obligation to 
give such assistance as is in our power to the Deaf and Dumb and the 
Blind in our midst; and humanity and sound policy alike demand 
that some action be taken for this purpose, if possible, at your 
present Session." The Legislature hearkened unto the voice of the 
Governor, and on March 3d ensuing, passed an "Act for the Es- 
tablishment of the "West Virginia Institution for the Deaf and the 
Blind." It was located at Romney, in Hampshire County, in the 
beautiful South Branch Valley, and speedily put in operation. 
When ready, the unfortunate children who had been cared for at 
Staunton and at the Ohio Institute were brought home to their 
own State ; and all claims adjusted for their care. Since then West 
Virginia has discharged the duties imposed by the very laws of. 
nature and all just claims of humanity by making this Institution 
an honor to the State. 

TAXATION— REPORTS OF TAX COMMISSIONS— ASSESSMENT LAWS 
—REPORTS OF THE TAX COMMISSIONER. 

1. Report of the Judiciary Committee of the House of Delegates on 
State Taxation of the United States Securities. Adopted January 24, 
186G. 

2. Statement of the Auditor as to the Amount of Taxes due the State 
from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and showing the Taxes as- 
sessed on said property in each of the Several Counties through 
which it Passes. Dated February 4, 18G7. 

3. Statement from the Auditor Exhibiting the amount of Taxes Assessed 
in the Several Counties of the State for the year 18C6, with rate of 
Commissions Allowed Sheriffs for Collecting the Same. Dated Jan- 
uary 31, 1888. 

4. Report of the Legislative Committee on Finance upon the Equaliza- 

tion of Taxes, 1883. 

5. The First or Preliminary Report of the First West Virginia Tax 
Commission, Submitted to Governor Jacob B. Jackson, June 10, 1884. 

6. Appendix to the Preliminary Report of the West Virginia Tax Com- 
mission, 1884. 

7. Minority Report of the West Virginia Tax Commission made by 
Joseph Bell to Governor Jackson, October 27, 1884. 

8. Second Report of the West Virginia Tax Commission to Governor 
Jackson, November 22, 1884. 

9. Third Report of the West Virginia Tax Commission, submitted to 
Governor Jackson, 1884. 

10. Fourth Report of the West Virginia Tax Commission, submitted to 
Governor Jackson, December 13, 1884. 

11. Final Report of the West Virginia Tax Commission, submitted to 
Governor Jackson. December 24, 1884. 



1908] Reports of the Secretary of State. 39 

12. Testimony taken before the Board of Public Works in Relation to 
the Valuation of Lands and Town Lots, with Orders of the Board as 
to Equalizing such Values. 1882. Laws of the State of West Virginia 
relating to the Assessment of Taxes, Licenses, Collection of Taxes 
and Sales of Delinquent and Forfeited Lands, 1883. 

13. Laws of the State of West Virginia Relating to Assessments, Taxes, 
License, Collection of Taxes, Sale of Delinquent and Forfeited Lands, 
1887. 

14. Laws of the State of West Virginia Relating to Assessments of 
Taxes, License, Collection of Taxes, and Sale of Delinquent and For- 
feited Lands, 1887. 

15. Laws of the State of West Virginia Relating to Assessments and the 
Collection of Taxes, now in Force, 1891. 

16. Assessment Laws of the State of West Virginia, Relating to the Col- 
lection of Taxes, and the Sale of Delinquent and Forfeited Lands now 
in Force, 1896. 

17. Laws of the State of West Virginia Relating to Assessments, License, 
Collection of Taxes and Sale of Delinquent and Forfeited Lands, 1899. 

18. Report of Proceedings and Testimony taken before the Board of 
Equalization in Relation to the Valuation of Lands in the State of 
West Virginia as made and returned in the year 1900. 

19. Laws of the State of West Virginia Relating to Assessments and the 
Collection of Taxes, 1901. 

20. The Preliminary Report on Taxation and Municipal Charters, 1901. 

21. The Final Report of the West Virginia Commission on Taxation and 
Municipal Corporations with Bills prepared by Said Commission, Dated 
October 20, 1902. 

22. First Biennial Report of the State Tax Commissioner of West Vir- 
ginia, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1900. 

REPORTS OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE— SUPERINTENDENT OF 
PUBLIC PRINTING— COMPILATIONS OF COR- 
PORATION STATUTES. 

1. Report of the Joint Committee on Public Printing, February, 18G0. 

2. Report of the Committee on the Accounts of the State Printer, 1872. 

3. Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Printing for the Fis- 
cal years 1885 and 1886. 

4. Report of the Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate the Public 
Printing, Binding and Stationery, done for, and supplied to the State. 
Session of 1897. 

5. Biennial Report of the Superintendent of Public Printing, Binding 
and Stationery, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 

6. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State and ex officio Superintend- 
ent of Public Printing for the years 1901 and 1902, with Abstracts of 
Corporations. 

7. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State for the Fiscal years 1903 
and 1904. Contains List of Charters issued for this Biennial Pe- 
riod. 



40 Archives and Histoky. [W. Va. 

8. Biennial Report of the Secretary of State on Corporations, -witti List 
of Cliarters Issued in the years 1905 and 190G. 

9. Statutes of West Virginia Authorizing the Formation of Corpora- 
tions and Joint Stock Companies, for Manufacturing, Mining, Insur- 
ance, Banldng, Railroads, Express Companies, etc., June, 1882. 

10. Compilation of Statutes of West Virginia relating to the Formation 
of Corporations and Joint Stock Companies, June, 1883. 

11. Compilation of the Statutes of West Virginia relating to the Forma- 
tion of Corporations and Joint Stock Companies, in force November 1, 
1887. 

12. Compilation of the Statutes of West Virginia relating to the Forma- 
tion of Corpoi'ations and Joint Stock Companies, in force July, 1889. 

13. Compilation of the Corporation Laws of West Virginia relating to 
the Formation and Regulation of all Classes of Corporations and 
Joint Stock Companies. In force in June, 1891. 

14. Compilation of the Corporation Laws of West Virginia embracing the 
full Text of the Statutes relating to all Classes of Corporations and 
Joint Stock Companies. In force January, 1S94. 

15. Compilation of the Corporation Laws of West Virginia relating to 
Corporations and Joint Stock Companies. In force October, 1900. 

16. Pocket Manual and Official Directory of West Virginia for the year, 
190G. 

17. A Manual of the State of West Virginia for the years 190G and 1907. 

GEOLOGY— REPORTS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS OF THE STATE 

GEOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SURVEY OF THE STATE.— 

THE STATE GEOLOGIST. 

1. A Geological Examination of Monongalia County, West Virginia, by 
John J. Stevenson, Ph. D., Professor of Chemistry and Natural His- 
tory in the West Virginia University; — together with Lists of Fos- 
sils and Description of New Species, by F. B. Meek of the Smith- 
sonian Institution. Printed as a Public Document in 1871. 

2. The Topography of West Virginia; Its Natural Resources, Minerals, 
and Origin and Distribution of its Soils. Samuel B. Brown, 1889. 
Public Document. 

3. Map showing Occurrence of Coal, Oil and Gas in West Virginia. By 
I. C. White, State Geologist. Dated January 1, 1904. 

4. West Virginia Geological Survey: — Administrative Report; Levels 
Above Tide; Petroleum and Natural Gas. Vol. I, by I. C. White, State 
Geologist. Dated March 20, 1899. 

5. West Virginia Geological Survey: — Levels above Tide; True Merid- 
ians: Report on Coal. Vol. 11. By I. C. White, State Geologist. 
Dated June 15, 1903. 

G. West Virginia Geological Survey: — Petroleum and Natural Gas; Pre- 
cise Levels. Vol. 1(a). By I. C. White, State Geologist. Dated 
July 1, 1904. 

7. West Virginia Geological Survey: — Clays, Limestones and Cements 
Vol. HI. By G. P. Grimsley, Assistant State Geologist. Dated April 
1, 190C. 



190S] Geological Slrvey — Fish CoiuiissioxERS. 41 



West Virginia Geological Survey: — Supplementary Coal Report. Vol. 
11(a). By I. C. White, State Geologist. 

(UIEXNIAL REPORTS.) 

First Biennial Report of the Geological and Economic Survey for the 

Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Second Biennial Report of the Geological and Economic Survey for the 

Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Third Biennial Report of the Geological and Economic Survey for the 

Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Geological and Economic Survey for the 

Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Geological and Economic Survey for the 

Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

The State Geological and Economic Survey was created by an 
Act of the Legislature passed February 26, 1897. It is composed 
of the Governor, State Treasurer, President of the University. 
President of the State Board of Agriculture, and the Director of 
the Agricultural Experiment Station, all of whom serve without 
compensation, receiving onh' actual expenses. Among its duties are 
those of making an examination of the geological formations of 
the State, with reference to building stone, clay, ores, and other 
mineral substance, the classification of soils, forests, and an exam- 
ination into the physical features of the State with reference to 
their practical bearing upon the occupations of the p'eople. The 
law requires this work to be in charge of a geologist of established 
reputation, and such assistants as may be deemed necessary. Dr. 
I. C. Wliite of ]\Iorgantown is the State Geologist in charge, with 
Prof. G. P. Grimsley as Assistant. 

REPORTS OF THE STATE FISH COMMISSIONERS*— THE GAME AND' 
FISH WARDEN— BIENNIAL REPORTS. 

First Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal years 

1877 and 1878. 
Second Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1S79 and 1880. 
Third Biennial Report of -the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1881 and 1882. 

*The Beard of Fish rommissioners was created by an Act of the Legislature 
passed February 20. 1877. There were three members — .Tohn W. Harris, II. B. 
Miller and C. S. White — and their first meeting was held at Berkeley Springs 
.Tuly 17, 1877. when an organization was effected. From, here they proceeded to 
Donegal Springs, Pennsylvania, and Druid Hill Park. Maryland, to examine the 
fish hatcheries at these places. Returning, they entered upon the discharge of 
their duties, which thev continued to pursue imtil ISO", when by an Act of the 
Legislature — passed February liOth of that year — this Board was "succeeded by an 
ofBcial called the Game and Fish Warden who, with increased duties, continues to 
fill the office. 



42 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

Fourth Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 18S3 and 1884. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1885 and 1886. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1887 and 1888. 
Seventh Biennial Report of tlie State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1889 and 1890. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1891 and 1892. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1893 and 1894. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the State Fish Commissioners for the Fiscal 

years 1895 and 189G. 
First Biennial Report of the Game and Fish Warden for the Fiscal 

years 1897 and 1898. 
Second Biennal Report of the Game and Fish Warden for the Fiscal 

years 1899 and 1900. 
. Third Biennial Report of the Game and Fish Warden for the Fiscal 

years 1901 and 1902. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Game and Fish Warden for the Fiscal 

years 1903 and 1904. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Game and Fish Warden for the Fiscal 

years 1905 and 190G. 

THE STATE BUREAU OF LABOR.* 

(biennial reports.) 
First Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1889 and 1890. 
Second Biennial Repoit of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1891 and 1892. 
Third Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1893 and 1894. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1895 and 1896* 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1897 and 1898 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1899 and 1900, 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1901 and 1902. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1903 and 1904. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Labor for the Fiscal years 

1905 and 1906. 



*Tlie State Bureau of Labor wai5 created by an Act of tbe Legislature passed 
February '21. 1S8M. its ob.iect being to collect and compile statistics relating to, and' 
to provide for tbe inspection of Indnstrial Establishments in West Virginia. It 
is under the control and management of a commissioner known as tbe "State Com- 
missioner of Labor"' who is apjiointed by the Governor for a term of four years. 



1908] Boundaries — Depaktjiext of Mixes. 43 

STATE AND COUNTY BOUNDARIES. 

1. Boundary line between West Virginia and Maryland: — Report ot 
John De La Camp, late Surveyor in Charge of the Maryland and Vir- 
ginia Boundary Survey. Dated February 1, 1868. 

2. Message of Governor Borenian Concerning Boundary Line between 
_ West Virginia and Maryland. Dated February IS, 18G7. 

3. Report of the Commissioners Relating to the Boundary Lines of the 
Counties of Cabell, Mason, Wayne, Lincoln, Kanawha, Boone and Lo- 
gan. Dated February 2, 1808. 

4. Report of Judge George W. Thompson on the Jurisdiction of West 
Virginia over the Ohio River, 1848. Printed in Senate Journal Session 
of 1881. 

■ 5. Report of the Joint Boundary Commission on the West Virginia- 
Pennsylvania Boundary. Dated December 14, 1882. 
G. Boundary between Pennsylvania and West Virginia: — Con-espondence 
between Governor Jacob B. Jackson and the Pennsylvania Authori- 
ties regarding the Same. Submitted to the Adjourned Session of the 
Legislature in 1882. 

7. Report of the Joint Commission on the Survey of the West Virginia 
and Pennsylvania Boundary, in 1883. The Commissioners were J. 
C. Gist, John C. Chipley and F. L. Hoge, on the part of West Vir- 
ginia; James Worrall, James McCulloch and W. W. Walker for Penn- 
sylvania. 

8. The Meridian Boundary of West Virginia and Pennsylvania: — De- 
scription of Old Monuments, and the Position of New Stones, 1883. 
By C. H. Sinclair, of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

9. Report of C. H. Von Orden, U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, and As- 
sistant, to C. H. Sinclair, Surveyor of the Meridian Line between 
Pennsylvania and West Virginia, and of that part of the Pennsylvania 
Line which borders on West Virginia. Dated February 9, 1884. 

10. Report of the Joint Commission on the Boundary Line between Penn- 
sylvania and West Virginia, 1884. 

11. Report on the Survey of the Parallel Boundary between Pennsyl- 
vania and West Virginia, 1885. Dated January 15, 1886. 

12. Final Report of the Joint Boundary Commission on the Parallel 
Boundaries between West Virginia and Pennsylvania. Made Octo- 
ber 16, 1886. 

13. Report of the Engineer on behalf of the State as to the Surveys of 
Marion, Monongalia and Wetzel Counties. Made in 1904. 

14. Report (in Manuscript) on the Boundary Line between West Vir- 
ginia and Kentucky, and on the Concurrent Jurisdiction of the two 
States over the Big Sandy River, 1905. 

REPORTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES. 
(annual reports.)* 
First Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1883. Dated June 
30, 1884. 



*The Reports of the "Department of Mines" are required to be made and pr'nted 
annually, in order that the latest information and Statistics may be distributed 



44 Archives axd History. [W. Va. 

Second Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1884. Dated De- 
cember 31, 1884. 

Third Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1885. Dated May 
15, 1886. 

Fourth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1886. 

Fifth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1887 and 1888. 

Sixth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1889. 

Seventh Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1890. 

Eighth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1891. 

Ninth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1892. 

Tenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1893. 

Eleventh Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1894. 

Twelfth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1895. 

Thirteenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1895. 

Fourteenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1896. 

Fifteenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1897. 

Sixteenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1898. 

Seventeenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1899. 

Eighteenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1900. 

Nineteenth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1901. 

Twentieth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1902. 

Twenty-first Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1903. 

Twenty-second Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1904. 

Twenty-third Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1905. 

Twenty-fourth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 190C. 

Twenty-fifth Annual Report of the State Mine Inspector for 1907. 

The first Legislation requiring mine inspection in West Virginia 
was that of the passage of an Act Fehrtiary 22, 1883, which pro- 
vided for the appointment of An Inspector of ]Mines for the State — 
the term of office being two years. In compliance therewith, the 
Governor appointed Oscar A. Veazey to that position. He servjd 
two years and was then succeeded by H. J. Tucker, who served until 
1887, when by the passage of an Act February 25, that year, the 
State was divided into two Inspection Districts, with an Inspector 
in each. Henry Cunningham was appointed in the First District 
and M. F. Spruce in the Second. By an Act of February 23, 
1893, the State was divided into three Inspection Districts, and 
David M. Harr was appointed Inspector in the First District; M. 
F. Spruce in the Second and H. A. Robson in the third. In 1897 
an important change was made in the mine inspection of the State. 
By the provisions of an Act of February 17, that year, the office 



among operators, miners, and citizens of tlie State at tlie earliest date after Com- 
pilation. As will be seen the Reports have appeared under different headings but 
in the Chronological order for fiscal or calendar years in which they appear above. 
Because of a change from the calendar year to the fiscal year the Fifth Annual Re- 
port was made to cover the whole of the year 1S87 and the first six months of 
1888. Prior to this the calendar year was in use in the Department: since that 
time the fiscal year ending June .30th has been prescribed by law. 



190S] Documents Relating to State Banking. 45 



of Chief ]\line Inspector was created and the State divided into 
four Inspection Districts, each with a District Mine Inspector. An 
Act passed February 14. 1901, the office of Chief Mine Inspector 
was continued and the State divided into tive Inspection Districts 
with a District Mine Inspector in each. On the 24th of February 
19Q5, an Act was passed creating an Executive Department known 
as the "Department of ]\Iines, " at the head of which was an oificial 
known as Chief Mine Inspector, with seven District Inspectors — 
one in each of the Seven Districts into which the State was divided. 
February 22. 1907, this last Act was amended in several particulars. 
The officer at the head of the "Department of ^Mines'' is designated 
Chief of the Department of ]Mines. He is required to divide the 
State into twelve "jMining Districts," and appoint therein a Dis- 
trict Mine Inspector for each. 

REPORTS OF THE STATE BANK EXAMINER, AND THE COMMIS- 
SIONER OF BANKING.* 

Fii'st Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1891. 
Second Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30. 1892. 
Third Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1893. 
Fourth Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1894. 
Fifth Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1895. 
Sixth Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September SO, 1896. 
Seventh Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1897. 
Eighth Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1898. 
Ninth Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the j'ear ending 

September 30, 1899. 
Tenth Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1890. 
Eleventh Annual Report of the State Bank Examiner for the year ending 

September 30, 1901. 
Twelfth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Banking for the year 

ending September 30, 1902. 



♦The Act of the Legislature which created the office of State Bank Examiner 
was passed Fehrnary 2.S. ]S01, and continued in force until February 21, 1001, 
when this law was so amended as to change the title of this official to that of the 
Commissioner of Banking. Notwithstanding this, the Reports are numbered In the 
consecutive order in which they have . appeared. These are made and printed an- 
nually, and are therefore not designated as "'biennials." 



46 Archives axd History. [W. Va. 

Thirteenth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Banking for the year 

ending September 30, 1903. 
Fourteenth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Banking tot the 

year ending September 30, 1904. 
Fifteenth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Banking for the year 

ending September 30, 1905. 
Sixteenth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Banking for the year 

ending September 30, 190G. 
Seventeenth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Banking for the year 

ending September 30, 1007. 
Eighteenth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Banking for the year 

ending September 30, 1908. 

REPORTS OF THE STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE* AND OF THE 
WEST VIRGINIA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION.f 

(biennial reports.) 

First Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the 
Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 

Second Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the 
Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 

Third Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the Fiscal 
years 1895 and 189G. 

Fourth Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the Fis- 
cal years 1897 and 1898. ■ 

Fifth Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the Fis- 
cal years 1899 and 1900. 

Sixth Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the Fis- 
cal years 1901 and 1902. 

Seventh Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the 
Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 



*The State Board of Agriculture was created by an Act of the Legislature passed 
March 13, 1891. It was composed of one Commissioner from each Congressional 
Dist-riot. whose terms began on the 1st day of April. ISOl. The first meeting was 
held in Charleston on the first Monday in May ensuing. The members were B. F. 
Fisher of the First Congressional District : C. R. Sperrow of tlie Second Congres- 
sional District; .Tohn M. Rowan of the Third Congressional District; and Thomas 
Clark Atkeson of the Fourth Congressional District. Mr. Atkeson was elected 
President, and Harry M. Turner of Jefferson county, Secretary. 



tBy reference to the list of the Reports of tlie Board of Regents of the West Vir- 
ginia T'niversity. it will be seen that that institution owes its existance to the 
creation of the West Virginia Agricultural College established in 1807. by aid of 
Congress, Act of July 2, 18(12. TTnder the provisions of that Act many States es- 
tablished similar institutions. What was known as "Tlie Hatch Act" anproved 
March 2, 1887. provided for the establishment of Agricultural Experiment Stations 
in connection with these Agricultural Colleges. For this purpose, the sum of .$15.- 
000.00 was appropriated annually to each institution, and it was the intention of 
Congress that this sum should be available July 1, 1887, but, because of ambiguity 
in the wording of the Act. the Treasury Department refused to allow the appro- 
priation to be disbursed ; and it was not until there was additional legislation by 
the Fiftieth Congress, that the money became available. This was for the Fiscal 
year ending June 30, 1888. The Governor of West Virginia promptly accepted 
the appropriation for this State, and the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 
University at its meeting June 9-13. 1888. accepted the conditions under which the 
appropriation was made. The first Report of the "Station Staff" dated January 20, 
1880, contains interesting historical data relative to the establishment of the insti- 
tution. This Department is in possession of a large number of the "Bulletins" is- 
sued by the Station and efforts are being made to complete its collection of 
these Documents. 



1908J ACiRICUI.TL'KAL REPORTS. 47 

Eighth Biennial Report of the State Board of Agriculture for the 
Fiscal years 1905 and 190G. 

(quaeterly reports.) 

Soon after The Farm Review was discontinued, in October, 1905, the 
State Board of Agriculture began to issue quarterly reports. These 
-have been as follows: 

First Quarterly Report, Ending March 31, 1906; contains proceedings of 
the Thirteenth Annual Meeting of the State Horticultural Society. 

Second Quarterly Report, Ending June 30, 1906;. contains Report of the 
Fifth Annual Meeting of the State Poultry Association. 

Third Quarterly Report, Ending September 30, 1906; deals with Live 
Stock Problems. 

Fourth Quarterlj' Report, Ending December 31, 1906; treats of Dairy 
Farming in the State. 

Fifth Quarterly Report, Ending March 31, 1907; treats of Farmers' In- 
stitutes. 

Sixth Quarterly Report, Ending June 29, 1907; deals with West Virginia 
Agriculture and its Possibilities. 

Seventh Quarterly Report, Ending Septem.ber 30, 1907; contains Pro- 
ceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of th State Horticul- 
tural Society. 

Eighth Quarterly Report, Ending December 31, 1907; contains Report 
of the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the State Horticultural Society. 

Ninth Quartei'ly Report, Ending March 31, 1908; contains Reports of the 
Annual Meetings of the Sheep Breeders and Wool Growers Associa- 
tion and of the West Virginia Live Stock Association. 

Tenth Quarterly Report, Ending June 30, 1908; treating of Forestry in 
the State. ^ 

Eleventh Quarterly Report, Ending September 30, 1908; treating of High- 
ways. 

The official organ of the Agricultural interests of the State, has 
been published under the auspices of the State Board of Agricul- 
ture. This — first known as The West Virginia Farm Bulletin^ - 
made its first appearance April ]. 1892, and was continued under 
this title until July, 1893. when the name was changed to that of 
The West Virginia Farm L'eporfer. It was thus known until Jan- 
uary, 1898, when the name was changed, this time to that of The 
West Virginia Farm Be view: hy this it was known until October, 
1905, when its publication was discontinued. 

Allied Organizations: — The oldest organization allied with th> 
Agricultural interests of the State is "The West Virginia Sheep 
Breeders and Wool Growers Association". Its reports and pro- 
ceedings were published in the Bulletin — Reporter — Review until 
its suspension, after which these have been printed in pamphlet 
form. "The West Virginia State Horticultural Society", was 



48 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

organized in 1887; the "West Virginia Live Stock Association", iji 
1900; the "West Virginia State Poultry Association'', in 1900; and 
the "West Virginia State Diary Associa.tion ", in 1904. The re- 
ports and proceedings of these organizations were likewise pub- 
lished in the official organ, until it was discontinued, since which 
time they have been published in pamphlet form. 

THE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIJIEXT STATION. 

1. Review of the Bulletins and work of the "West Virginia Agricultural 
Experiment Station for the years 1899 and 1900. 

2. Report of the Work of the Agricultural Experiment Station for the 
years 1903 and 1901. 

3. Report of the Work of the Agricultural Experiment Station for the 
years 1905 and 190G. 

First Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1888. 

Second Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion tor Fiscal year ending June 30, 1SS9. 

Third Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1890. 

Fourth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1891. 

Fifth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1892. 

Sixth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment Sta- 
tion for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1893. 

Seventh Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1894. ■* 

Eighth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1895. 

Ninth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1896. 

Tenth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1897. 

Eleventh Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1898. 

Twelfth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultui-al Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1899. 

Thii-teenth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1900. 

Fourteenth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1901. 

Fifteenth Annuol Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1902. 

Sixteenth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1903. 

Seventeenth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 
Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1904. 



1908] DocujiEXTS OF State Board of Health. 49 

Eighteenth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 

Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1905. 
Nineteenth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 

Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1906. 
Twentieth Annual Report of the West Virginia Agricultural Experiment 

Station for Fiscal year ending June 30, 1907. 

REPORTS OF THE STATE BOARD OF HEALTH.. 

(annual reports.) 

First Annual Report of the State Board of Health for 1881. 
Second Annual Report of the State Board of Health for 1882. 
Third Annual Report of the State Board of Health for 1882. 
Fourth Annual Report of the State Board of Health for 1883. 
Fifth Annual Reijort of the State Board of Health for 1884. 

(biexxial reports) 

First Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1885 and 188G. 
Second Biennial Report of the State Board of Health fr the Fiscal yeai'S 

years 1887 and 1888. 
Third Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1889 and 1890. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1891 and 1892. 
Fifth Bienial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1893 and 1894. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1895 and 189G. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

years 1897 and 1898. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1899 and 1900. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1901 and 1902. 
Tenth Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal years 

1903 and 1904. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the State Board of Health for the Fiscal 

years 1905 and 190G. 

The State Board of Health was created l\v an Act of the Legis- 
lature passed Macrh 8. 1881. It consisted of six members, two Phy- 
sicians from each Congressional District, required to be graduates 
of reputable ^ledical Colleges, and a continuous practice of not less 
than twelve years. The first members were Dr. James E. Reeves of 
Wheeling; Dr. George B. ]\Ioffett. of Parkersburg; Dr. C. T. Rich- 
ardson of Charles Town ; Dr. George H. Carpenter of Moorefield ; Dr.. 
Andrew R. Barbee of Point Pleasant ; and Dr. Isaiah Bee of Prince- 



50 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

ton. The first meeting of the Board was held in Charleston June 
21, 1881, at which time an organization was effected by the election 
of Dr. Moffett as President; and Dr. Reeves, Secretary. 

REPORTS OP THE COMMISSIONERS OF PHARMACY.* 

First Biennial Report of tlie Commissioners of Ptiarmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1881 and 1882. 

Second Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1883 and 1884. 

Third Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacay for the Fiscal 
years 1885 and 1886. 

Fourth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1887 and 1888. 

Fifth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1889 and 1890. 

Sixth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1891 and 1892. 

Seventh Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1893 and 1894. 

l^ighth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1895 and 1S9G. 

Ninth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1897 and 1898. 

Tenth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fiscal 
years 1899 and 1900. 

Eleventh Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fis- 
cal years 1901 and 1902. 

Twelfth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fis- 
cal years 1903 and 1904. 

Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioners of Pharmacy for the Fis- 
cal years 1905 and 1906. 

The Act of the Legislature creating this Commission was passed 
February 21, 1881. It consisted at -that time of one member from 
each Congressional District appointed by the Board of Public 
Works. These were Edward Boeking of Wheeling ; J. L. W. Baker, 
of Martinslntrg ; Ed. L. Boggs. of Charleston; and A. N. Williams 
of Parkersburg. An organizati6n was affected at Wheeling on the 
31st of May, 1881, when J. L. W. Baker was elected President; 
Ed. L. Boggs, Vice-President, and Edward Booking Secretary and 
Treasurer. The Law was re-enacted in 1882, when an organiza- 
tion took place April 11, 1882, at which time Ed. L. Boggs became 
President; A. N. Williams. Vice-President; and Edward Becking, 
Secretary and Treasurer. 



♦This Department has. as yet, been able to secure but few of the Reports of 
this Board but an effort to find them is continued. 



1908] Documents of West Virginia Asylum. 51 

SECOND HOSPITAL FOR THE INSANE AT SPENCER. 

First Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane, for the Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 
Second Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Third Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

the Insane for the Fiscal years 1S95 and 1896. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Directors of the Second Hospital for the 

Insane for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

February 20, 1885, the Legi.slatiire by Joint Resolution appointed 
Dr. A. H. Kuntz of Lewis County; Joseph Van I\Ieter of Hardy 
County; James Withrow of Greenbrier County; and John G. Schil- 
ling of Roane County, members of a Commission to report upon a 
proper location for a Second Hospital for the Insane. The report 
made was favorable to Spencer, in Roane County; and by an Act 
of the Legislature passed February 21, 1889, the Institution wa.s 
located at that place. The Governor, in compliance with law, ap- 
pointed a board of nine directors. In May ensuing these met at 
Spencer and organized by electing Hon. John ]\I. Sydenstricker of 
Greenbrier County, President ; John A. A. Vandale, Secretary ; and 
William Woodyard, Treasurer. 

REPORTS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA ASYLUM FOR INCURABLES, 
NOW THE WEST VIRGINIA ASYLUM. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Asylum for Incurables, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Vii'ginia 

Asylum for Incurables, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Asylum for Incurables, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Asylum, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Asylum, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

This Institution was established by the provision of an Act of 



52 Akchr'es axd History. [W. Va. 

the Legislature passed February 17, 1897. Eight Directors were 
provided for — four males and four females — and the institution was 
established at Huntington, in Cabell County. By an Act of the 
Legislature passed February 25, 1903, the name of this Institution 
Avas changed to that of "The West Virginia Asylum." 

REPORTS OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA 
REFORM SCHOOL. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 1889 and 1890. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1892. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 189.5 and 1896. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Directqjs of the West Virginia 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Reform School for the fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Ninth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virgina 

Reform School, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

The West Virginia Reform School for Boys was established by 
the provisions of an Act of the Legislature, passed February 11, 
1889, when a Board of Directors, six in number, was appointed 
by the Governor for its management. It was located at Prunty- 
town, the old seat of Justice of Taylor County, and the Board with 
its first Superintendent, Prof. C. C. Showalter of Preston County, 
in order to obtain information necessary to the management of 
the Institution, visited the ^Maryland House of Refuge, and St. 
Mary's Industrial School at Baltimore and the National Reform 
School at Washington. D. C. 
REPORTS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA INDUSTRIAL HOME FOR GIRLS. 

First Biennial Report of ihe Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Industrial School for Girls, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Industrial School for Girls, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Industrial School for Girls, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the West Virginia 

Industrial School for Girls, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 



1908] University Preparatory Schools. 53 

Fifth Biennial Report of tlie Board of Directors of the West Virginia 
Industrial School for Girls, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 190G. 

Established at Salem in Harrison County. Created by an Act of 
the Legislature, passed February 18, 1897. Board of Directors 
consists of six members — three males and three females. 

REPORTS OF THE PREPARATORY BRANCH OF THE WEST VIRGINIA 
UNIVERSITY AT MONTGOMERY. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Preparatory Branch 

of the University, at Montgomery, for the Fiscal years 1895 and 1896. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Preparatory 

Branch of the University, at Montgomery, for the Fiscal years 1897 

and 1898. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board' of Regents of the Preparatory Branch 

of the University at Montgomery, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Preparatory Branch. 

of the University at Montgomery, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Preparatory Branch 

of the University at Montgomery, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Preparatory Branch 

of the University at Montgomery, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

This school was established" by an Act of the Legislature passed 
February 16, 1895 — a provision of which located it at Montgomery 
in Fayette County. It was placed under the control of the Board 
of Regents of the West Virginia University, with the State Sup- 
erintendent of Free Schools as an ex officio member. The erection 
of the building and the management of the Institution was placed 
in the hands of a Committee consisting of three members, and it 
was opened for admission of students in 1896. 

REPORTS OF THE PREPARATORY BRANCH OF THE WEST VIR- 
GINIA UNIVERSITY AT KEYSER. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Keyser Branch 
of the West Virginia University, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 

Second Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Keyser Branch 
of the West Virginia University, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 

Third Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Keyser Branch 
of the West Virginia University, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

This Institution was established at Keyser, in Mineral County, 
by an Act of the Legislature, passed February 15, 1901. It is 
under the control of a Board of Regents of six members, appointed 
by the Governor. This body makes reports of the condition and 
needs of the School. 



54 Akchives and History. [W. Va. 

REPORTS OP THE WEST VIRGINIA COLORED INSTITUTE. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 

Colored Institute, for the Fiscal years 1891 and 1S92, 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 

Colored Institute, for the Fiscal years 1893 and 1894. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 

Colored Institute, for the Fiscal years 1895 and 189G. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virgina 

Colored Institute, for' the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 

Colored Institute, for the Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 

Colored Institute, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virgina 

Colored Institute, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the West Virginia 

Colored Institute, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 190G. 

The West Virginia Colored Institute, situated at Institute in 
Kanawha County, was established at "Farm" now "Institute," 
Kanawha County, by an Act of the Legislature, passed March 4, 
1891. 

REPORTS OF THE BLUEFIELD COLORED INSTITUTE. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Bluefield Colored 

Institute, for the Fiscal years 1895 and 189G. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Bluefield Colored 

Institute, for the Fiscal years 1897 and 1898. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Bluefield Colored 

Institute, for the Fiscal years 1899 Und 1900. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Bluefield Colored 

Institute, for the Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Bluefield Colored 

Institute, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Board of Regents of the Bluefield Colored 

Institute, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 1900. 

This Institution was established at Bluefield, in Mercer County, 
by an Act of the Legislature February 21, 1895. 

OFFICIAL REPORTS OP THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL OF THE STATE. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Attorney-General for the Fiscal years 

1885 and 1886.* 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Attorney-General, for the Fiscal years 

1893 and 1894. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Attorney-General, for the Fiscal years 

1899 and 1900. 



♦It is seen that this Department has but few Reports of the Attorney General. 
An effort to find additional ones is being made but thus far without success. It 
is believed that these have not been printed consecutively. 



1908] Documents of Miners' Hospitals. 55 

Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Attorney-General, for the Fiscal years 

1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Attorney-General, for the Fiscal years 

1903 and 1904. 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Attorney-General, for the Fiscal years 
1905 and 1906. 

■ 1 
REPORTS OF THE BOARD OF MINERS' HOSPITAL NO. 1. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 1, for Fiscal 

years 1899 and 1900. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 1, for Fiscal 

years 1901 and 1902. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 1, for Fiscal 

years 1903 and 19^04. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 1, for Fiscal 

years 1905 and 1906. 

This Hospital, located at Welch, in McDowell County, was es- 
tablished by an Act of the Legislature passed February 24, 1899. 

REPORTS OF THE BOARD OF MINERS' HOSPITAL NO. 2. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 2, for the 

Fiscal years ]899 and 1900. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 2, for the 

Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 2, for the 

Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 2, for the 

Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

Miners' Hospital No. 2, at McKendree, in Fayette County, was 
established by an Act of the Legislature passed February 24, 1899. 

REPORTS OF THE BOARD OF MINERS' HOSPITAL NO. 3. 

First Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 3, for Fiscal 

years 1901 and 1902. 
Second Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 3, for Fiscal 

years 1903 and 1904. 
Third Biennial Report of the Board of Miners' Hospital No. 3, for Fiscal 

years 1905 and 1906. 

The establishment of Miners' Hospital No. 3, at Fairmont, in 
Marion County, was due to the provisions of an Act of the Legis- 
lature passed February 24, 1899. 

REPORTS AND CATALOGUES OF THE STATE LAW LIBRARY. 

(catalogues.) 
Catalogue of the State Law Library for the years 1881 and 1882. 



56 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

Catalogue oi' the State Law Library for the years 1883 and 1884. 
Catalogue of the State Law Library for the year 1889. 
Catalogue of the State Law Library for the year 1890. 
Catalogue of the State Law Library for the year 1895. 
Catalogue of the State Law Library for the year 1900. 
Catalogue of the State Law Library for the year 1905. 

(RErORTS.) 

Biennial Report of the State Law Librarian for the years 1877 and 1878. 

Biennial Report of the State Law Librarian for the years 1879 and 1880. 

Biennial Report of the State Law Librarian for the years 1881 and 1882. 

Biennial Report of the State Law Librarian for the years 1883 and 1884. 

Biennial Report of the State Law Librarian for the years 1893 and 1894. 

Biennial Report of the State Law Librarian for the years 1895 and 1896. 

REPORT OF THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHIVES AND 

HISTORY. 

First Biennial Report of the State Historian and Archivist, for the Fiscal 
years 1905 and 190G. 

The State Bureau of Archives and History was created by the 
provisions of an Act of the Legislature passed February 18, 1905. 
Its rooms are in the Capitol Annex Building. 

REPORTS OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE POINT PLEASANT BATTLE 
MONUMENT— OTHER MONUMENTS. 

First Biennial Report of the Ttastees of the Point Pleasant Battle 

Monument, for the Fiscal years 3 901 and 1902. 
Second Biennial Report of the Trustees of the Point Pleasant Battle 

Monument, for the Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Third Biennial Report of the Trustees of the Point Pleasant Battle 

Monument, for the Fiscal years 1905 and 190G. 

Report on Levi Morgan Monument at New Martinsville. (See page 31 — 
Message of Governor Albert B. White to the Legislature, January 
14, 1904). 

Report of the Francis H. Pierpont Statue Commission made to the Gov- 
ernor in 1904. , 

The Trustees of the Point Pleasant Battle Monument were ap- 
pointed under the provisions of a Joint Resolution of the Legis- 
lature adopted February 7, 1901, for the purpose of erecting a 
monument on the battlefield of Point Pleasant, in Mason County, 
to commemorate the desperate battle fought thereon, between the 
Virginians and Indians, October 10, 1774. 



1908] MiSCELLAXEOUS DOCUMENTS. 57 

REPORTS OF THE STATPJ BOARD OF DENTAL EXAMINERS. 

First Biennial Report of the State Board of Dental Examiners, for the 

Fiscal years 1903 and 1904."- 
Second Biennial Report of the State Board of Dental Examiners, for the 

Fiscal years 1905 and 190G. 

The first ^Members of this Board were Dr. J. N. Mahan, of Char- 
leston; Dr. E. Gr. Hamil. or ^lartinsbtirg ; Dr. J. N. Devore, of 
Manningtoa; Dr. James R. Stathers, of Sistersville ; and Dr. Charles 
H. Bartlett, of Parkersburg. The first INIeeting of the Board was 
held at Parkersburg on the first Wednesday in August, 1897 ; all 
the Members being present. Charles H. Bartlett was chosen Presi- 
dent and James R. Stathers, Secretary and Treasttrer. 

REPORTS OF THE STATE BOARD OF EMBALMERS. 

First Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal 

years 1900 and 1901.t 
Second Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal 

years 1902 and 1903. 
Third Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal 

years 1904 and 1905. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the State Board of Embalmers, for the Fiscal 

years 190G and 1907. 

CONSTITUTIONS AND JOURNALS OF CONSTITUTIONAL CONVEN- 
TIONS. 

1. Journal of the First Session of the First Constitutional Conven- 
tion; Convened November 26, 1861, and Adjourned February 18, 18G2. 

2. Journal of tho Second Session of the First Constitutional Convention; 
reassembled February 12, 1863, and adjourned February 20^;h en- 
suing. Printed in Wheeling Intelligencer. 

3. Copies of the First Constitution of the State. 

4. Journal of the Second Constitutional Convention; Convened Jan- 
uary 16, 1872; adjourned April 9th ensuing. 

5. Copies of the Second Constitution of the State. 

REPORTS OF RAILROAD COMMISSIONERS. 

1. Report of the Commissioners of West Virginia as to the Chesapeake 
& Ohio Railway. Dated June 4, 1867. 



♦The State Board of Dental Examiners was created by an Act of the Legislature 
passed February 20. 1807. but the President, ("harles tl. Bartlett, in his Biennial 
Report made in 1004, states that he has no knowledge of any previous Reports 
having been made. He, therefore, gives details of proceedings from date of organ- 
ization. 



tThls Report is not in this Department. Search for it will be continued. It is 
possible none was made for this biennial period. 

The State Board of Embalmers was created by an Act of the Legislature passed 
February 24, 1S99, at which time it was made to consist of two embalmers from 
each Congressional District. Members are appointed by the Governor. 



58 Archives and History. [W. Va, 

2. Report of the West Virginia Commissioners of tlie Covington H 
Ohio Railroad. Dated February 19, 18G8. 

3. Testimony taken by the Joint Committee of the Legislature of West 
Virginia appointed to inquire into the Charges for Freight and 
Travel on the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, 1877. 

4. Report of the Railroad Committee of the House of Delegates on the 
Discrimination of Freight and Passenger Rates on Raili'oads within 
the State. Dated February 5, 1881. 

REPORTS OF TRUSTEES OF BERKELEY SPRINGS. 

RepQrt of the Trustees of Berkeley Springs to the Legislature. Dated 

February 4, 18C9. 
Report of the Board of Trustees of Berkeley Springs. Dated December 

12, 1882. 
Report of the Trustees of Berkeley Springs. Dated December 11, 1886. 

Berkeley Springs now in ^lorgan County, had become known be- 
fore the French and Indian War, and, as the "Warm Springs' '^ 
were famous before the Revolution, they were included in the Royal 
Grant to Lord Thomas Culpeper, Lord Ilopton and others in 1680. 
and descended to Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cam- 
eron, who wedded jMargaret only daughter of Lord Culpeper. In 
1756 he donated and set apart forever these Springs for the public 
use and benefit, the same to vest in the Colony. In 1776 — firi^t 
year of the Commonwealth — the General Assembly passed an Act 
establishing a town by the name of "Bath" at the Warm Springs^ 
and as trustees thereof appointed some of the most distinguished 
West Virginia pioneers then residing in the Eastern Pan Handle. 
Among them were Bryan Fairfax, Thomas Bryan IMartin. Warner 
Washington, Rev. Charles ]\Iynn Thurston, Robert Rutherford, 
Thomas Rutherford, Alexander White, Philii) Pendleton, Samuel 
Washington, William Ellzay, Van Swearingen, Thomas Hite, James. 
Edmonson and James Nourse. They were to lay out into Lots 
the fifty acres embraced in the donation from Lord Fairfax. In 
1808 — just a century ago — it w^as shown to the General Assembly 
that a number of the above-named Trustees were dead, and that body 
on the 1st of February that year, appointed others ; viz : Hugh 
Holmes, Henry St. George Tucker, Philip C. Pendleton, Alfred 
Powell, Henry Turner. John Baker, Stephen Dandridge. Elisha 
Boyd, David Hunter and Rawleigh Colston. Years came and went; 
the town of "Bath" became "Berkeley Springs;" and then came 
the Civil War, at the close of which, the title to the "Springs" 
property vested in the State of West Virginia. February 28, 1866, 
by joint Resolution the Legislature directed the Judge of the Tenth 



1908] Berkeley Springs — The Humane Society. 59 

Judicial Circuit to appoint twenty trustees for the ''Berkeley 
Springs" property. This he did as follows: — 

From. Morgan County — General David H. Strother, Hon. Aaron 
Becthol, Henry Williard, Ul)erto Mendenhall and John Siler. 

From Jefferson. County— h. P. W. Balch, J. A. Chapline, John 
Quigley, Henry Berry and John F. Schley. 

From Berkeley County — Commodore Charles Boreman, Bethuol 
]M. Kitchen, Dr. John S. Wilson, Dr. E. Boyd Pendleton and D. 
Darby, Esq. 

From the State at Large — Governor Arthur I Boreman, Gen- 
eral Thomas Maley Harris, J. B. Ford, Nathan Goff, Jr., and Hon. 
James Carskadon. 

On the 4th of July ensuing the trustees thus appointed assem- 
bled at Berkely Springs and Organized by electing General David 
H. Strother, Secretary, and Henry Williard, Treasurer. The Reso- 
lution providing for the appointment of Trustees made the Judge 
of the Tenth District, President. It is to be regretted that this 
Department has, as yet, been unable to procure other Reports of the 
Board controlling this historic property. 

REPORTS OF THE WEST VIRGINIA HUMANE SOCIETY. 

First Biennial Report of tlie West Virginia Humane Society, for the 

Fiscal years 1899 and 1900. 
Second Biennial Report of the AVest Virginia Humane Society, for the 

Fiscal years 1901 and 1902. 
Third Biennial Report of the West Virginia Humane Society, for the 

Fiscal years 1903 and 1904. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the West Virginia Humane Society, for the 

Fiscal years 1905 and 1906. 

The West Virginia Humane Society was created by an Act of the 
Legislature passed Februaiy 17, 1899, its declared object being 
"for the protection of children and the helpless aged and the 
prevention of cruelty to animals." "It is God-like to protect 
those who cannot protect themselves," said its founders. So 
thought a number of actively humane ladies of Wheeling, who for 
years had discussed the best way, method and means for the amount 
of the work they saw should be done. Accordingly on, the 18th 
day of May, 1896, there was a gathering of these at No. 1233 
Market Street, and ere there was an adjournment, what has since 
been know as the "AVest Virginia Humane Society" had been or- 
ganized. Dr. Harriet B. Jones was elected President, and Captain 
Charles J. Rawlings, Secretary. 



60 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

MATERIAL RELATING TO THE PUBLIC DEBT OF THE COMMON- 
WEALTH OF VIRGINIA AND THE RELATION OF WEST 
VIRGINIA THERETO. 

1. Joint Resolution adopted by the General Assembly of Virginia Feb- 
ruary 28, 18GG, addressed to West Virginia regretting a Reunion of 
the two States and Proposing a Plan for the Mutual Adjustment 
of the Public Debt of the Commonwealth. 

2. Reply to Foregoing, Made by a Joint Resolution of the Legislature 
of West Virginia, January 30, 1807. 

3. Joint Resolution of the Assembly of Virginia relative to the Debt 
of the Commonwealth. Adopted February 10, 1871. 

4. Report of Joint Special Committee on the Foregoing Resolution. 
Adopted February 20, 1871. 

5. The Inter-State Debt of Virginia and West Virginia: Correspond- 
ence between the Governor and the Western Virginia Committee of 
London. Submitted to Adjourned Session of Legislature, 1882. 

6. Report of the Virginia Debt Commissioners appointed by West Vir- 
ginia — the Campbell-Bennett-Jackson Commission of 1871. 

7. Original: The Bill of Complaint of Virginia, in the Action of the 
Commonwealth of Virginia vs. the State of West Virginia, with at- 
tached Documents. 

8. The Demurrer of West Virginia; overruled by the U. S. Court. 

9. Proceedings in the Equity Suit of the Commonwealth of Virginia 
vs. the State of West Virginia, Vol. 1. Compiled by Hon. Clarke 
W. May, Attorney-General, 1907. 

10. Proceedings in the Equity Suit of the Commonwealth of Virginia 
vs. the State of West Virginia, Vol. II. Compiled by Hon. William 
G. Conley, Attorney-General. 

REPORTS OF THE COMMISSIONER OF INSURANCE. 

First Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1873 and 1874. 
Second Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1875 and 1876. 
Third Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1877 and 1878. 
Fourth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1879 and 1880. 
Fifth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1881 and 1882. 
Sixth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1883 and 1884. 
Seventh Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1885 and 1886. 
Eighth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1887 and 1888. 
Ninth Biennial Re,port of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1889 and 1890. 



1908] Insurance — World's Fairs. 61 

Tenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1891 and 1892. 
Eleventh Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1893 and 1894. 
Twelfth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1895 and 189G. 
Thirteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1897 and 1898. 
Fourteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1899 and 1900. 
Fifteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1901 and 1902. 
Sixteenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1903 and 1904 
Seventeenth Biennial Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, for Fiscal 

years 1905 and 190G. 

The matter of Insurance soon attracted the attention of the 
Legislature and as early as March 2, 1864, an Act was pa&sed by 
that body, requiring all Insurance Companies doing business in the 
State to make report thereof to the Auditor. This law was var- 
iously amended until by an Act passed by the Legislature February 
25, 1871, all Insurance Companies desiring to do business in the 
State, were required to file with the Auditor an accurate statement 
showing their financial condition, and to receive from that official 
a Certificate of their compliance with law, and atithorizing them 
to transact business in the State. This made it necessary for the 
Auditor to make an "Insurance Report" and this has been done by 
him biennially since 1873. 

WORLD'S FAIRS— REPORTS OF COMMISSIONS— HAND-BOOKS. 

(reports.) 

Report of State Board of Centennial Managers for West Virginia, at 

the United States Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia, in 1876. 

Report of the Board of World's Fair Managers of West Virginia, at 

the Columbian Exposition at Chicago, in 1893. Dated January 20, 

1894. 

Report of the West Virginia Board of the Louisiana Purchase Exposi- 
tion at St. ftouis, in 1904. 

(hand-books.) 

Resources of West Virginia — A Hand-Book. Prepared by M. F. Maury and 
William M. Fontaine, for distribution at the United States Centennial 
Exposition at Philadelphia in 1870. 

Tlie Mountain State — a Hand-Book. Prepared by George W. Summerrs, 
for distribution at the World's Fair, Chicago, 1893. 



62 Akchives and History. [W. Va. 

History of Education in West Virginia, compiled by Hon. Benjamin S. 
Morgan, State Superintendent of Free Schools, and Prof. Jacob F. 
Cork, for distribution at the World's Fair, Chicago, 1893. 

Hand-Book of West Virginia — Prepared by Virgil A. Lewis, for distribu- 
tion at the World's Fair, St. Louis, 1904. 

History of Education in West Virginia, compiled by Hon. Thomas C. 
Miller, State Superintendent of Free Schools, for distribution at 
the World's Fair at St. Louis, 1904. 

History of Education in West Virginia, compiled by Hon. Thomas C. 
Miller, State Superintendent of Free Schools, for distribution at 
the Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition, on Hampton-Roads, Vir- 
ginia, 1907. 

"West Virginia Agricultural Resources and Possibilities", by John B. 
Garvin, Secretary of the West Virginia State Board of Agriculture. 
For distribution at the Jamestown Ter-Centennial Exposition on Hamp- 
ton Roads, Virginia, in 1907. 

REPORTS OP THE BOARD OP PUBLIC WORKS, AND ACCOMPANY- 
ING DOCUMENTS. 

1.* Report of the Board of Public Works Concerning the Location of the 
Penitentiary, and the appointment of Directors. Dated December 
29, 18GG. 

2. Report of the Kanawha Board to the Board of Public Works, for the 
year 1864. 

3. Answer of Greenbury Slack, Collector, to the Report of the Kanawha 
Board, for 18G4. Submitted to the Board of Public Works. Dated 
February, 1865. 

4. Annual Report of the Kanawha Board for the year 1865. Made to 
the Board of Public Works. 

5. Report of the Board of Public Works. Dated February 6, 1869. 

6. Second Semi-Annual Report of the Kanawha Board to the Board of 
Public Works. Dated April 1, 1872. 

7. Third Semi-Annual Report of the Kanawha Board to the Board of 
Public Works. 

The Board of Public Works under the first Constitution — 1863 
to 1872 — was composed of the Governor, Auditor and Treasurer — 
three members. Under the second Constitution — 1872 to present 
time — it is composed of the Governor, Auditor, Treasurer, Attor- 
ney-General and the State Superintendent of Free Schools — five 
members. 

MISCELLANEOUS STATE DOCUMENT^. 

COXTESTS. IMPEACH5IEXTS, ETC. 
PUBLIC PAPERS. 

Public Papers of Governor A. B. Fleming; one Vol. from February 6, 

1890, to March 4, 1893. 
Public Papers of Governor W. A. MacCorkle; one Vol. from March 4, 

1893, to March 3, 1897. 



190S] FixDiNG-LiST OF Library. 63 

Public Addresses of Governor G. W. Atkinson; one Vol. from March 4, 
1897, to March 3, 1901. 

Public Addresses of Governor A. B. White; one Vol. from March 4, 1901, 
to March 3, 1905. 

Report of the Committee on Roads and Internal Navigation. Dated 
February, 1866. 

Majority Report of the Contest Committee and Journal of the Joint Ses- 
sion of both Houses of the Legislature for Determination of the 
Contest of Aietus Brooks Fleming vs. Nathan Goft' for the office of 
Governor of West Virginia. Dated January 16, 1890. 

Report of the Minority Members of the Contest Committee in the Mat- 
ter of Aretus Brooks Fleming vs. Nathan Goff, for the office of 
Governor of West Virginia. Pending before the Joint Session of the 
Legislature of West Virginia, 1890. 

Proceedings in the Impeachment Trial of John W. Kennedy, Judge of the 
Tenth Judicial Circuit of West Vii'ginia, February, 1865. 

Charges and Specifications against Nathaniel Harrison, Judge of the 
Seventh Judicial Circuit of West Virginia, with notices of Proceed- 
ings for his Removal, February 3rd and ensuing dates, 1870. 

Proceedings of the Senate sitting for the Trial of the Impeachment of 
John S. Burdett, Treasurer of the State of West Virginia, Decem- 
ber 3, 1875. 

Proceedings of the Senate sitting for the Trial of the Impeachment of 
Edward A. Bennett, Auditor of the State of West Virginia, Decem- 
ber 3, 1875. 

An OBSERVATION: — The foregoing list of the Public Documents 
and State Papers, is incomplete. Three years ago no collection of 
them was in existence. Since that time, they have been gathered 
from the Ohio to the Alleghenies and the Potomac. It has been, 
and will be, a primary object of the Department of Archives and 
History to prosecute the work of collecting, arranging and classi- 
fying the Public Documents of the State, in such manner as to 
make each and every one of them readily accessible to every per- 
son — citizen of the State or otherwise — who may desire to examine 
or refer to them. This work has been hastened as rapidly as pos- 
sible with the limited means and assistance at hand. All other 
States and Nations now give the most careful attention to the 
preservation of their Public Documents, and West Virginia in this 
field of Avork as elsewhere, must keep pace with her sister Com- 
monwealths. 

A FINDING-LIST FOR THE DEPARTMENT LIBRARY. 

A Finding-List is in the course of preparation. This had its 
origin in a desire to give to the Public, at the earliest possible date, 
a ready method of ascertaining the contents of the Library. The 



64 Archives a>-d History. [W. Va. 

State Historical Society never issued any catalogue, and consequent- 
ly none has ever been prepared, and to do this in complete dictionary 
form will require a long time and much labor. Hence it was re- 
solved to defer at least for a time the Avork of cataloguing and 
prepare and issue a short title-list of all books, phamplets, and 
Public Documents in the Library in the form which could be most 
rapidly prepared and at the same time answer the most numerous 
and important questions likely to be asked of a catalogue. The 
plan outlined, and to be pursued does not assume to be based 
upon any scientific system or to follow any fixed plan. The effort 
will be to answer as practically as i^ossible what is believed to be 
the needs of those likely to use the Library. Accordingly, in de- 
termining the number of divisions and subdivisions of a particular 
class of books, not only what would seem the natural manner of sub- 
division, is being considered, but also the number of books in the 
Library falling within the particular class. Books are to be 
placed under the heading to which they belong. Thus the title.- 
of all volumes, phamplets and papers, treating of or relating ia 
any way to South America, are to appear under the index title or 
heading, SOl^TH A]MERICA. they being arranged thus alphabetic- 
ally by authors or editors. If it be an anonymous work then '.t 
will be placed in alphabetical order under the word of the title 
which seems most likely to be generally remembered, the title of 
the subdivision being considered as well as that of the book. So 
with the names of all the States and Nations of the world; after 
which follow that of science, art and poetry headings. .Such in 
brief is the plan of work for hastily making known to the Public 
the contents of the Library and at the same time rendering all 
material readily accessible to the reader desiring to make research 
and investigation in any line of work, in which he can find assistance 
here. Labels, have been placed in the books and on them will be 
put the necessary characters of identity as rapidly as possible. 

NEWSPAPERS IX THE DEPARTMENT LIBRARY. 

Rare success has attended the efforts of the Department to col- 
lect newspapers of the State of the Olden Time. It now has i.'i 
its possession one hundred and thirty-six bound volumes, amon-.^ 
them being the old Westfrii Courricy, Charleston, 1823; AVesteni 
Virgiiiicni and Kaimwha f'oiiufy Gazette, 1826: the Kanmcka Ban- 
ner, 1831-32; the Philadelphia Beeorder, 1826; the Episcopal Baii- 
corder, 1836; the B^iltimejre Telegraph and Advertiser,, 1800; the 



1908] Manuscripts in the Library. 65 



Kanawha Eepuhlican, 18-41-12-43; the Kanairha Valley Star, 1856- 
1861; the ^Vhccling Intelligencer, from 1852 to 1884; the Wheelmg 
Register, from 1885 to 1892; the Greenbrier Independent, from 
1866 to 1884; the Richmond Whig and Advertiser for several years, 
beginning with 1833; the Richmond Encfuirer for several years, 
beginning with 1824; the National Intelligencer, several volumes; 
the Xeir York Tribune, the Nciv York Times, and the New York 
World for the years of the Civil War — volumes that money could 
scarcely buy. These and many other volumes — both State and Nat- 
ional — make a rich and rare collection. EtiPorts are continued to 
secure other volumes. 

THE MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

The Department is making an interesting and valuable collec- 
tion of manuscripts — among them many rare ones. It will be re- 
membered that the Legislature made an appropriation to purchase 
the manuscript Journals and Debates of the first "West Virginia Con- 
stitutional Convention, this being at the time in the possession of 
Hon. Granville D. Hall, the stenographer of that body, the second 
Secretary of State, but now residing at Glencoe, Illinois. This 
has been delivered to the Department and is kept in a steel vault, 
where it Avill be preserved until it is printed. Its value to the peo- 
ple of the State can not be estimated. There are three thousand, 
three huudred pages, and the Public Printer estimates that it will 
make four volumes of, say eight hundred printed pages each. 

Many hundred other manuscript productions might be cited but 
the following will suffice to show the character of the collection : — 

1. Original Roll of Persons Organized to Defend Kanawha County 
against Invasion at the Time of John Brown's Insurrection at Har- 
per's Ferry, October, 1859. 

2. Roster and Reminiscences of the Kanawha County Riflemen of 1861. 

3. Notes on the Draper Family of Virginia; and the adventures of Mary 
Ingles when a captive among the Shawnee Indians. Written in 
1852. 

4. Withdrawal of the AVestern Virginia Members of the Richmond Con- 
vention -(1861) which adopted the Ordinance of Secession, with 
some account of their return home. Written by Hon. Chester D. 
Hubbard, a member from Ohio county. 

5. Roster of Members of the First and Second Conventions of the Peo- 
ple of Northwestern Virginia — the two Wheeling Conventions — which 
assembled May 11th and June 13, 1861, respectfully. Written for 
Virgil A. Lewis in 1889 by Gibson Lamb Cranmer, one of the Secre- 
taries of the Conventions. 



■66 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

6. Poem in Commemoration of the Burning of Her Majesty's Ship, the 
"Sir Robert Peel", on Lake Erie in 1S38. 

7. Petition to the General Assembly of Virginia for an Appropriation 
to open a Turnpike Road from Glenville, in Gilmer county to Bull- 
town in Braxton county. 

S. History of the Fitzwater Family of West Virginia. Written by 

Colonel John L. Cole. 
9. Notes on General Wise's Invasion of the Great Kanawha Valley in 

1861. Written by Benjamin T. Wyatt. 

10. Sketch of the Life of Hon. Benjamin W. Byrne. 

11. The Remarkable Record of General John H. Oley, Federal General 
of the Civil War. 

12. Reminiscences of Alva Hansford, Pioneer Settler of the Great Ka- 
nawha Valley. 

13. History of the Hagans Family of Preston and Monongalia counties. 
Written by Judge John Marshall Hagans. 

Constant inquiry on the part of the Department is being made for 
this class of productions, and they are added to the Collection as 
rapidly as they can be acquired. 

THE MUSEUM SECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

The JMuseum Section of the Department has grown rapidly in 
the past two years and the interest of the Public therein has in- 
creased proportionately. The facilities have been much improved, 
but this improvement has not been adequate to the increase in ex- 
hibits. Ten large show-cases similar to those used in the Library 
of Congress, were brought back from the Jamestown Exposition 
and placed in the Department where they have been filled with 
valuable history material and interesting curios and relics. Still 
many other valuable exhibits in this class are stored awa.y in drawers 
and elsewhere awaiting case-room for display. Perhaps the two 
most interesting exhibits added to the collection in the past two 
years, are: first, a replica of the famous Blennerhassett ]\Iansion 
which once stood on what is now known as Blennerhassett 's Island 
in the Ohio river, in "Wood County, West Virginia — the most in- 
teresting structure ever reared in the Ohio Valley ; and second, an 
exact reproduction of the ]\Iodel of James Rumsey's Steamboat, 
now in the Transportation Section of the National JMuseum -at 
Washington. General Washington spent the night of September 
6th, 1784, at "Berkeley Springs", now in Morgan County, West 
Virginia ; and there met James Rumsey the inventor of the steam- 
boat, who under promise of secrecy, showed him the model of his 
boat — ^similar in all respects to the model here. This section of thi 
Department will continue to be enlarged. 



1908] Battle Flags of the State. 67 

THE BATTLE FLAGS OP THE STATE. 

As is well known, the Act of the Legislature creating this De- 
partment made it the custodian of the State's Battle and Regiment- 
al Flags borne by West Virginians in time of War. These tattercti 
and torn relics are associated with the most thrilling events in our 
histary, and they have a peculiar interest to the gallant men still 
living who followed them in the fierce conflicts of the Civil War. 

In the first Biennial Report of this Department, we described 
briefly the flags of the various West Virginia regimental organiza- 
tions deposited here. When speaking of the Fifth Regiment Volun- 
teer Infantrj^, we said: "There are no flags, banners or guidons 
of this Regiment in the Department.'' Now we are happy to be 
able to change this statement. Through the kindness and patriotic 
spirit of Dr. Daniel Mayer of this City, who Avas the first Surgeou 
of the Fifth Regiment, we have secured its first battle flag. With 
it, » the Doctor furnishes the following statement: — 

''In 1861, the Fifth Regiment Virginia Volunteer Infantry was 
organized at Ceredo, in Wayne County, now West Virginia. The 
ladies of Proctorsville across the river in Ohio, all good, loyal women, 
presented the Regiment with a flag, made by their own hands, bear- 
ing the legend '5th Va. Regiment.'. It was given in cliarge o£ 
Corporal Samuel Jones of Company H., a boy but sixteen years 
of age, who carried it in all skirmishes and on all marches until 
the United States Government furnished a new Regimental flag, 
much larger and heavier, and a stronger man than Corporal Jones 
was detailed as Standard Bearer. The Colonel then ordered Cor- 
poral Jones to return the flag which he had borne, to the Quarter 
]\Iaster, but contrary to this order, he kept it in his possession and 
much of the time carried it about his body, the emblem to which he 
had become so much attached. The war ended, years passed away, 
and the flag was forgotten, until 1885, when Corporal Jones, whose 
home was then in Indianapolis, 'Indiana, totally blind and being 
led by a little child, appeared at a meeting of the Grand Army cf 
the Republic at Louisville, Kentucky, where he made inquiry for 
Dr. Daniel Mayer, the former Surgeon of the Fifth Virginia Fed- 
eral Infantry. He was told that Dr. ]\Iayer was present but en- 
gaged in the business of the session, and that he could not see him 
before night. He replied that he must leave for his home, and 
requested that some one present receive the flag he liad with him — 
the same he had borne in battle's stern array — and in his name 
present it to Dr. Mayer of the old Fifth Regiment. Mrs. Otto li. 



68 Akciuves and History. [W. Va. 



Michaelson of Charleston, "West Virginia, who was present attend- 
ing the National Enicampment of the Women's Relief Corps, in a 
neat little speech, accepted the banner, promising to deliver it to 
Dr. Mayer. This she did and he had long in his possession. He 
carried it with him to the reunion of the old Fifth Regiment at 
Ironton, Ohio, in September, 1908, where but forty-eight of the 
veterans of the regiment answered roll-call. Dr. Mayer brought 
the flag back home with him and only last week — November 13, 
1908 — presented it to the Department of Archives and History, 
there, as he said, 'to he kept forever.' " 

Thus after more than forty years, this Department is enabled t'^ 
add to its collection of State battle flags another emblem of the 
soldiery of West Virginia in the times that tried the souls of men. 

THE ART SECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

State Libraries and State Capitol Buildings have become depos- 
itories for works of art — paintings, sketches and drawings — such as 
illustrate biography and history — and West Virginia has done 
something — commenced the w^ork — in this Section of the Depart- 
ment of Archives and History. Here on easels standing on the 
floor, or hung on w^alls and cases are luany Portraits and Sketches. 
Among them are the following : 

PORTRAITS. 

1. Of James Rumsey, of Berkeley Springs, now Morgan county. The 
West Virginia Inventor of the Steamboat, 1783. 

2. Of Harman Blennerhassett who built the mansion on Blennerhassett's 
Island, in the Ohio, two miles below the mouth of the Little Kana- 
wha river— now Parkersburg. 

3. Of Margaret Blennerhassett, wife of Harmon Blennerhassett. 

4. Of Elisha Wesley McComas, of Kanawha county; elected Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, on ticket with Henry A. Wise in 1855. 

5. Of James Lawrence Carr, of Kanawha county; appointed Lieutenant- 
Governor of Virginia upon the resignation of E'lisha Wesley Mc- 
Comas in 1857. 

6. Of Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois; President of the United States 
from 1861 to 18G5. 

7. Of General U. S. Grant, Commander of the Armies of the United 
States in Civil War. 

8. Of Francis H. Pierpont, of Marion county, Governor of Virginia 
from 1861 to 18CS. 

9. Of Daniel Polsley, of Mason county, Lieutenant-Governor of Vir- 
ginia, under the Restored Government, from 1861 to 1863. 

10. Of Daniel Lamb, of Ohio county; compiler of the first Code of West 
Virginia, 1868. 



190S] Portraits — Drawings — Sketches. G9 

11. Of John Hall, of Mason county; President of the Constitutional Con- 
vention which framed the first Constitution of West Virginia. Con- 
vened November 26, 18G1. 

12. Of Samuel Price, of Greebrier county; Lieutenant-Governor of Vir- 
ginia, 1863 to ISG.?; United States Senator, 1876 to 1877; President 
of the Constitutional Convention which framed the Second Consti- 
'tution of West Virginia. Convened January 16, 1872. 

13. Of Henry G. Davis, of Mineral county; United States Senator from 
1871 to 1883; and Nominee for Vice-President on the Democratic Ticket 

in 1904. 

14. Of Thomas A. Morris, of Kanawha county; Methodist Episcopal 
Bishop. Last who made the rounds of his Conferences on horse- 
back. 

1.5. Of Rev. Asa Shinn, of Harrison county; founder of the Methodist 
Protestant Church. 

16. Of Alexander Scott Withers, of Lewis county; author of "Chroni- 
cles of Border Warfare," published at Clarksburg, in 1831. 

»7. Of Wills De Haas, of Ohio county; author of the "Early Settlements 
and Indian Wars of Northwestern Virginia." Published in 1851. 

18. Of Dr. John P. Hale, of Kanawha county; author of "Trans-Alle- 
gheny Pioneers," published in 1886. 

19. Of Andrew Summers Rowan, of Monroe county; he who bore the 
"Message to Garcia". 

^0. Of Arthur I. Boreman, first Governor of West Virginia, delivering 
his Inaugural Address, twelve o'clock, noon, June 20, 1863, on plat- 
form in front of Lin sly Institute, Wheeling; sketched from life 
by Joseph H. Diss Debar. 

21. Of Aretus Brooks Fleming, of ^Marion county; Governor from 1890 
to 1893. 

22. Of George W. Atkinson, of Kanawha county; Governor from 1897 
to 1901. 

^3. Of William M. O. Dawson; Governor from 1905 to 1909. Present In- 
cumbent. 

24. Of Joseph Marcellus McWhorter, of Greenbrier county; auditor from 
1865 to 1869. 

25. Of Thomas Boggess, of Roane county; Auditor from 1869 to 1871. 

26. Of Edward A. Bennett, of Cabell county; Auditor from 1871 to 1877. 

27. Of Patrick Fee Duffy, of Webster county; Auditor from 1885 to 1893. 

28. Of Isaac V. /ohnson, of Barbour county; Auditor from 1893 to 1897. 

29. Of Jacob Edgar Boyers, of Tyler county; Secretary of State, from 
1863 to 1SG5. 

30. Of Granville D. Hall, of Harrison county; Secretary of State, from 
18G5 to 1867. 

'31. Of James M. Pipe.?, of Marshall county; Secretary of State, from 

1869 to 1871. 
"32. Of Charles Hedrick, of Kanawha county; Socertary of State, from 

1873 to 1877. 



70 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

33. Of Henry S. Walker, of Kanawha county; Secretary of State, from 
1S85 to 1890. 

34. Of William E. Chihon, of Kanawha county; Secretary of State, from 
1893 to 1897. 

35. Of William A. Ohley, of Marion county; Secretary of State, from 
1890 to 1893. 

36. Of Charles W. Swisher, of Marion counly; Secretary of State, from 
1905 to 1909. Present Incumbent. 

37. Of Lewis Summers, of Kanawha county; a Judge of the General 
Court of Virginia in 1819; and a member of the Virginia Constitu- 
tional Convention, of 1829-30. 

38. Of John Jay Jackson, Jr., of Wood county; a Judge of the Federal Dis- 
trict Court of West Virginia from 18G3 to 1907. 

39. Of Alpheus F. Haymond, of Marion county; a Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals from 1873 to 1882. 

40. Of Henry Brannon, of Lewis county; a Judge of the Supreme Court 
of Appeals from 1889 to present time. 

41. Of Henry C. McWhorter, of Kanawha county; a Judge of the Su- 
preme Court of Appeals, from 1897 to present time. 

42. Of George Poffenbarger, of Mason county; a Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals from 1901 to present time. 

43. Of Joseph M. Saunders, of Mercer county; a Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals from 1905 to 1907, when he resigned. 

44. Of William N. Miller, of Wood county; a Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals from 1907 to present time. 

45. Of Ira E. Robinson, a Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals of 
Taylor county, 1907. 

46. Of William Burdette Mathews, of Marshall county; Clerk of the 
Supreme Court of Appeals. 

47. Of John L. Cole, of Kanawha county; State Librarian in 1875. 

PORTRAITS OF GENERAL OFFICERS OF WEST VIRGINIA IN FED- 
ERAL SERVICE. 

1. Major-General Jesse Lee Reno,- of Ohio county; killed in battle of 
South Mountain, Maryland, September 17, 1862. Highest ranking 
officer who gave his life for the Union. 

2. General Benjamin Franklin Kelly, of Ohio county; shot through the 
body at the battle of Philippi, Barbour county. West Virginia, June 
3, 1861. Recovered. 

3. General John S. Witcher, of Cabell county. 

4. General Robert Saunders Northcott, of Harrison county. 

5. General Thomas Maley Harris, of Ritchie county. 

6. General David Hunter Strother, of Berkeley county. 

7. General James A. J. Lightburn, of Lewis county. 

8. General Isaac Hardin Duval, of Brooke county. 

PORTRAITS OF GENERAL OFFICERS OF WEST VIRGINIA IN CON- 
FEDER.A.TE SERVICE. 
1. Lieutenant-General Thomas Jonathan Jackson (Stonewall), of Harri- 
son county; died of wounds received in battle at Chancellorsville, 



1908] Pictures i.\ Art Sectiox. • 71 

Virginia, May 3, 18G3. Highest ranking officer wlio gave liis life to 
the Confederacy. 

2. General Albert Gallatin Jenkins, of Cabell county; died of wounds 
received in battle of Cloyd's Mountain, Virginia, May 9, 1864. 

3. General William L. Jackson, of Wood county. 

4. General John Nicholas Clarkson, of Kanawha county. 

5. General John Echols, of Monroe county. 

G. General John McCausland, of Mason county. 

PAINTINGS, SKETCHES, AND DRAWINGS. 

1. Federal Pickets at "Camp Anderson'' on New River, West Virginia; 
1SC2. Drawn by J. Nep. Roesler, Corporal of Colors, Forty-seventh 
Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 

2. Battle of Point Pleasant, October 10, 1771; by Captain Joseph A. 
Faris, of Wheeling. (Loaned.) 

3. Siege of Fort Henry, Wheeling, 1782; by Captain Joseph A. Faris, 
( Loaned ) . 

4. Cummins Jackson's Mill, on the AVest Fork of the Monongahela, in 
Lewis county. Scene of the boyhood days of Stonewall Jackson; by 
Sabra Gather Woodford. 

5. Flat-boating on the Ohio in 1817. 

C. The Block-House, the most simple form of a Pioneer Fort in West 

Virginia, during the Indian Wars. 
7. The Palisade Fort, Second grade of Border Forts in West Virginia, 

during the Indian Wars. 
S. The Stockade Fort, the strongest and most durable structure of 

defensive and offensive operations in West Virginia in the Indian 

Wars. 
9. The House of James Rumsey, the Inventor of the Steamboat, at Shep- 

herdstown, Jefferson county. From a sketch made by Henry Howe, 

the Historian, in 1842. 

10. Scene of a Pioneer Home in West Virginia, a hundred years ago. 
From a sketch made by Henry Howe. 

11. Greenway Court, a Stone Building; the heme of Thomas, Sixth Lord 
Fairfax, and Baron of Cameron; where he executed deeds for Lands 
to Pioneer Settlers in what are now the Counties of Jefferson, Berke- 
ley, Morgan, Hampshire and H'ardy, West Virginia. 

]\Iany more Portraits, Sketches and Drawings should be added to 
these in possession of the Department — Portraits of men and wom- 
en prominent in the early history of the State; of the men who 
made State; and of those most active in its growth and develop- 
ment — and sketches, drawing.'^ of battle-fields, and other historic 
scenes, together with the wonders in the natural scenery of the 
State. 



72 ■> Archives and History. [W. Va. 



THE WEST VIRGINIA STATE HISTORY EXHIBIT. 

MADE AT THE JAMESTOWN TER-CENTENNIAL EXPOSI- 
TION ON HAMPTON ROADS, VIRGINIA, 1907. 

The West Virginia Commission of the Jamestown Exposition, 
requested the State Department of Archives and History to make 
the States Exhibit at said Exposition ; this to be made under the 
direction of the State Historian and Archivist. 

He undertoolv this work, and was fortunate in securing tlie co- 
operation of many people in the State who were in possession of val- 
uable material for tiie Exhibit and who were willing to let it be 
used for this purpose. 

Chief among these were Dr. Henry Stahl, of Parkersburg; Cap- 
tain C. Fritz Hess, of Point Pleasant ; Hon. George A. Vincent, and 
Mrs. General Clarence Smith, of Fairmont; numbers of others con- 
tributed valuable exhibits. The complete Exhibit was shipped 
from Charleston to the Exposition Grounds and returned without 
breakage or damage of any character. 

The space assigned to West Virginia in the Palace of History 
at the Exposition was in the central part on the "left side of that 
Building between the Exhibits of New York on the left and that of 
Penn.sylvania on the right. 

It occupied 840 square feet of floor space, and 1,312 square feet 
of wall space. Every foot of this was occupied. On the floor were 
ten large Model Show Cases, similar to those in the lil)rary of Con- 
gress, and made expressly for this Exhibit. 

• All were filled with Histor^^ ]\Iaterial, the wall space together 
with tliat on the four columns which stood in front of the 
space, were covered with Portraits, Sketches and Drawings, all 
illustrative of the History of the State. At the close of the Expo- 
sition, the State property, show-cases, portraits, and all other mater- 
ial were returned to Charleston where it has been made a part of the 
collection of the Department of Archives and History. ]\Iueh credit 
is due for the careful ]iacking and handling of the furniture and 
Exhibits to and from the Exposition, to j\Ir. Arthur J. Thompson 
of Clarksburg, and IMr. Thomas A. Pauley of Charleston, both of 
whom rendered most valuable assistance to the Historian and Archi- 
vist while making the Exhibit. The following is a list, nearly com- 
plete, of the West Virginia History Exhibit at the Exposition. 



190S] The State History Exhibit. 73 

1. THE MODEL OF JAMES RUMSEY'S STEAMBOAT. A reproduc- 
tion, of that in the Transportation Section of the National Museum 
at Washington. 

2. A REPLICA OF THE BLEXNERHASSETT MANSION. The most 
interesting structure ever reared in the Oiho Valley. 

SHOW-CASE "A". 

HISTORICAL DOCUMEiSTS. 

1. A Virginia Land Warrant for lands in Hampshire countj\ Dated 
August 28, 1789. 

2. An Original Deed of Transfer of title for the Lands on which the 
Capital City of West Virginia now stands. Executed December 28, 
1787 

3. A Captain's Commission, issued to Jesse Van Bibber of Kanawha 
county. Dated July 28, 1801. Signed by Governor James Monroe. 

4. A Poll-Book used at an Election held in Kanawha county, April 13, 
1835. 

5. An autograph letter, bearing date August IG, 1808. 

6. An autograph letter, addressed to the General Assembly of Virginia 
by George Washington, December 27, 1798. 

7. A Deed for Land in Frederick county, Virginia; executed by Lord 
Thomas Fairfax, December 5, 17G1. 

8. Document showing the result of the vote on the Ordinance of Seces- 
sion, in Kanawha county. May 23, 1861. 

9. An autograph card of John Randolph, of Roanoke. 

10. Military Scrip. Issued by William Walker, at the city of Granada, 
for the Republic of Nicaraugua, August 30, 1856. 

11. An Official Letter, written by Charles Hale, acting Secretary of State, 
June 11, 1872. 

12. An Affidavit made by Edward Brace Terrell before the Lord High 
Mayor of London, July 13, 1767. 

13. A Plan of Charleston, the Capital of West Virginia. Made March 
29, 1807. 

14. An Official Bond. Executed by John A. North, Clerk of the Virginia 
Court of Appeals, sitting at Lewisburg, now W^est Virginia. Dated 
July 10, 1852. 

15. A Pardon. Granted by President Grant. 

IG. A Muster-Roll of a Comapny of Monongalia county men in the War 
of 1812. 

17. Shackles. Used during the Civil War in Federal Guard-House at 
Charleston, West Virginia. 

IS. Bullet Moulds. Used for making bullets .in West Virginia in Pio- 
neer times. 

19. A Dagger. Found under the hearth-stone of the Blennerhassett Man- 
sion after its destruction by fire in 1812. 

20. Bullet Moulds. Made of stone, bolted together when in use. 

;21. Powder-Horn. Carried in the Revolution; also in the War of 1812. 



74 Archives and Histoky. [W. Va^ 

22. Wooden Powder-Bottle. Carried by Fleming Cobb in the Battle of 
Point Pleasant, West Virginia, October 10, 1774. 

23. A Spoon. Made from horn of Buffalo, by a soldier in Lord Dunmore's 
Army in 1774. 

24. Powder-Horn. Made by Rev. Gideon Hinkle in 1825, the first Lu- 
theran Minister in Mason county, West Virgina. 

25. A Gourd. Used as a powder-horn by Captain John Wilson when 

commanding the Kanawha Riflemen in the War of 1812. 
2G. Three Swords. Carried by members of the Third Regiment, West 
Virginia Federal Cavalry, during the Civil War. 

27. A Sword or Dagger. Found on Blennerhassett Island, nearly a hun- 
dred years ago. 

28. An Indian War Club. Belongs to Indian Collection in the State De- 
partment of Archives and History. 

j9. Indian Arrows. Long preserved in West Virginia. . 

30. Piece of Federal Flag Staff, shot off in action in battle of Charleston, 
West Virginia, September, 18G2. 

31. Block of Wood with bullet imbedded therein. From battlefield 
of Carnifax Ferry, West Virginia. 

32. Thirteen Indian Tomahawks. Found among the hills and valleys of 
West Virginia. Representing every known form. 

33. Steelyards. In use in West Virginia many years ago for weighing 
heavy articles. 

34. A Peculiar Form of Scales or Balances. 

35. Apothecary Scales. Such as were in use among early West Virginia 
Physicians. 

36. Ink Stand. In use in office of the County Clerk of Greenbrier 
county from 1778 to 1830. 

37. A Scutching .Axe. Used in flattening logs in the erection of pioneer 
cabin homes in West Virginia. 

38. A Frow. An instrument used in "riving" or splitting clap-boards for 
pioneer cabin roofs. 

39. Waffle Irons. Used for baking waffles before the introduction of 
stoves. 

40. A Beaver Trap. The property of Daniel Boone during his residence 
in the Great Kanawha Valley, 1789-1798. 

41. A Shovel Blade. Found at bottom of well once in Fort Randolph 
at Point Pleasant, West Virginia. 

42. Keys. Used for doors of first bank building in Charleston, West 
Virginia. 

43. A Spur. Found on scene of the IMountain Meadows Massacre, Utah. 

44. A Stencil Plate. Used by Bell Boyd, the famous Confederate Spy. 

45. A "Seng Hoe." Specimen of those used in digging ginseng in the 
State many years ago. 

46. Fire-Tongs. Like those found at pioneer fire-sides. 

47. Copper Spoon Moulds. Such as were used by pioneer settlers in 
making pewter spoons. 

48. An Instrument used by pioneer doctors for extracting teeth. 



1908] State History Exiiigit — Continued. 75 

SHOW-CASE "B". 

PIfOTOGKAI'IIS of: 

1. Hon. Arthur Ingram Boreman. .. .First Governor of West Virginia. 

2. Hon. Daniel D. T. Farnsworth .... Second 

3. Hon. William E. Stevenson Third " " 

4. Hon. John J. Jacob Fourtli " " 

5. Hon. Henry M. Mathews Fifth 

6. Hon. Jacob B. Jackscn Sixth 

7. Hon. Emanuel W. Wilson Seventh " 

8. Hon. Aretus B. Fleming Eighth " 

9. Hon. William A. MacCorkle Ninth 

10. Hon. George W. Atkinson Tenth 

11. Hon. Albert B. White Eleventh" 

12. A Confederate Monument at Lewisburg, Greenbrier county. 

13. A Monument at the grave of Hon. Jonathan M. Bennett, at Weston^ 
in Lewis county 

14. A Monument at the gra,ve of General James A. J. Lightburn, near 
Jane Lew, in Lewis county. 

15. A Monument at the grave of Alexander Scott Withers, author of 
"Chronicles of Border Warfare," at Weston, in Lewis county. 

16. Plan of Monument for battlefield of Point Pleasant, Mason county. 

17. And Old Mansion House. The home of the Goff Family at Clarks- 
burg, Harrison county. 

IS. General R. E. Lee and staff on battlefield of Spottsylvania Court 
House, Stonewall Jackson of West Virgina, being by his side. 

19. The Davis Child's Shelter, at Charleston. Founded by Hon. Henry 
G. Davis. 

20. An old Chruch at Point Pleasant. Erected in 1816. 

21. Singular rock formation in Pineville, Wyoming county. 

22. Remarkable rock formation on the Nash Farm, near Buffalo, in Put- 
nam county. 

23. Statue of General Andrew Lewis, on Washington Equestrian Monu- 
meni, Richmond, Virginia. 

24. An Historic Mansion. The old home of the Jackson Family at Clarks- 
burg, in H'arison county. 

PORTRAITS. 

1. Of Major Angus McDonald, the builder of Fort Henry, at Wheeling,^ 
1774. 

2. Of Washington Hall, Wheeling, in which met the Conventions whlcn 
reorganized the Restored Government of Virginia and formed the 
State of West Virginia. 

SHOW-CASE "C". 

HISTORICAL PAPERS. 

1. A Pardon. Granted by President U. S. Grant. 

2. An Autograph Letter. Written by the Historian, George Bancroft^ 
April 15, 1857. 



76 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

3. An Autograph Letter. Written January IS, 1862; concerning trans- 
portation in an old time stage coach. 

4. A Virginia Land Grant; for lands in Hampshire county; signed by 
Governor Robert Brooke. 

5. A Receipt. Given George W. Summers in payment of License fee for 
permission to practice law. 

0. A Commission. Issued to Wilson B. Cunningham, of Kanawha coun- 
ty, May 28, 1847. Signed by Lieutenant Raleigh T. Daniel of Vir- 
ginia. 

7. A Summons. Issued in the name of King George III, for Valentine 
Crawford of Berkeley county. West Virginia. 

8. A Receipt for subscription to fund for the purchase of Mount Ver- 
non. 

9. An Interesting Promissory Note. 

10. A Lieutenant's Commission; signed by Governor Francis H. Pier- 
pont. 

11. A Virginia Land Grant. For an Island in the Monongahela River. 

12. Resolutions of Respect. Adopted by Virginia Court of Appeals sell- 
ing at Lewisburg, now '"West Virginia on the death of Chief-Justice 
Marshall. 

13. Bond of John A. North as Clerk of the Virginia Court of Appeals 
sitting at Lewisburg. 

1.4. A Virginia Land Grant (1791) for lands in Hampshire county. 
Signed by Governor James Wood. 

15. An Autograph Letter. Written at Richmond, April 14, 1832. Ad- 
dressed to John A. North, Lewisburg, Greenbrier county. 

16. A Virginia Land Grant. For 5000 acres in Harrison county. (1786.) 

17. A Captain's Commission; issued to Captain Jesse Van Bibber of Ma- 
son county, 1804. 

18. A Virginia Land Grant. For 378 acres of land in Hampshire county. 

HISTORY JIATERIAL. 

1. Two steel Pointed Pikes with handles eight feet long. Brought to 
Harper's Ferry by John Brown, in 1859. 

2. The Shaft taken from the Bolting Apparatus in Cummins Jackson's 
Mill on the West Fork river in Lewis county, where Stonewall Jack- 
son spent his boyhood days. 

SHOW-CASE "D". 

HISTORICAL PAPERS. 

1. A Financial Statement. Shows the total revenues of Charleston, the 
Capital of West Virginia, in 1825, to have been $230.00yo. 

2. A Colonial Virginia Land Grant. From King George III., for lands 
in Augusta county. Dated May 1, 1773. Signed by Lord Dunmore. 

3. A Pardon. Granted by President U. S. Grant. 

4. A Virginia Land Grant. For lands in Monongalia county. 

5. A Virginia Land Grant. For Lands in Youghiogheny county. 

-6. A Prospectus for A Map of Virginia. By James Madison, 1805. 



1908] State History Exhibit — Continued. 77 

7. A Lieutenant's Commission. Granted John Evans of Monongalia 
county. 

8. A United States Land Warrant, for lands for Michael Seagrist of 
Mason county. 

9. A Petition. Signed by Alexander Welch of Greenbrier countj-. 

10. A Business Statement. For Public Printing for the District Court of 
Parkersburg. Dated December 10, 1855. 

history :material. 

1. An Old Masonic Apron. Once the property of John Hill of Gauley 
Bridge, a soldier of the War of 1812. 

2. An Old Masonic Text Book; the Property of John Hill of Gauley 
Bridge, Fayette county. 

3. Old Fashioned Spectacles. The property of John Hill of Gauley 
Bridge; now deceased. 

4. Metal Plate. Engraved in commemoration- of the completion of 
the Hale House, now the Ruffner Hotel, Charleston. 

5. Metal Buttons. Worn extensively by West Virginia Pioneers. 

6. Fragment of a tree which grew at the head of the grave of Stonewall 
Jackson, at Lexington, Virginia. 

7. Piece of Fringe, cut by a Confederate ballet from the flag of the 
Thirteenth West Virginia Federal Infantry at the battle of Kerns- 
town, Virginia. 

8. Army Button. Picked up on Custer's battle field in the Black Hills. 

9. West Virginia Buttons. First made -for the State. 

10. Fish-Scale Jewelry. Made in Florida. 

11. A Pocket Compass. Used by early West Virginia Explorers. 

12. Oyster Shell with pipe adhering thereto. 

13. Hand Mail-Bag. In use in the Great Kanawha Valley from 1845 to 
1860. 

14. Twig from an elm tree which grew at the grave of Anne Bailey, the 
Pioneer Heroine of the Great Kanawha Valley. 

15. A Military Pass. Issued at Charleston, May 10, 1865. 

16. A Facsimile in Wax of a Stone recently dug up on Wheeling Island. 

17. A Pony Shoe found in the Detroit Mine, after an explosion in which 
nineteen miners lost their lives. 

IS. A Surgical Instrument used for extracting bullets from wounds dur- 
ing the Revolution. 

19. Miniature Model of the Santa Maria, in which Columbus sailed on 
his voyage of discovery. 

20. Breast-Pin worn in West Virginia more than a hundred yeai's ago. 

21. Knee-Buckles. Once the property of Thomas Neale, the grand-father 
of Stonewall Jackson. 

22. Mittens knit by Bertie Cole, a blind pupil in the schools for the 
Deaf and Blind at Roraney, Hampshire county. 

23. A Military Pass. Issued by a Federal Officer at Charleston, in 1863. 

24. Slippers made by Ida Bowers, a blind pupil in the schools for the 
Deaf and Blind, at Romney in Hampshire county. 

25. A Picture of the Hospital for the Insane at Weston, Lewis county. 



78 Archives aisd History. [W. Va. 

2G. Gun-Flints, of which every merchant in West Virginia Icept a sup- 
ply a hundred years ago. 

27. A Flint-Lock Rifle. Once the property of Mathias Van Bibber, prom- 
inent West Virginia Pioneer. 

28. A Blunder-Buss — An old English piece, early introduced into the 
American Colonies. 

29. A Squirrel Rifle. One of those in use by first West Virginia set- 
tlers. 

30. Bullets, from battlefield of Point Pleasant, March 30, 1SG3. 

31. Pistol carried by Dr. John P. Hale of Charleston, while commanding 
"Hale's Battery," C. S. A. 

32. A Flint-Lock Musket made in Richmond in 181.5. Such as this were 
used in arming the Militia of Western Virginia nearly a hundred 
years ago. 

33. A Flint-Lock Musket. Used by the early Militia of West Virginia. 

34. An Historic Rifle, once the property of Lewis Wetzel. Changed to 
percussion lock more than fifty years ago. 

35. A Musket left in Fairmont, at the time of General Jones' Confeder- 
ate Raid, in 18G3. 

3G. A Flint-Lock Musket used by Confederates at the battle of Scarey, 
Putnam county, July 17, 1861. 

37. A Flint-Lock Rifle used in the war of 1812. 

38. A Bullet from Braddock's Field. Battle fought July 9, 1755. 

39. A Flint-Lock Pistol — A Specimen of the first pocket arms in use in 
West Virginia. 

OLD ?;ewspapers. 
In this case were a number of copies of rare old newspapers taken from 
a large collection of similar ones in the Library Section of the State 
Department of Archives and History. 

SHOW-CASE "E". 

HISTORY ilATERIAL. 

1. A Pocket Handkerchief. Used in the Mexican War: Has picture 
of Zachary Taylor in the center, and of battle and other scenes 
around margins and in corners. 

2. Map of Virginia engraved in 1787, to accompany Jefferson's "Notes 
on Virginia." 

3. A "Charmed Shirt" worn by the native soldiers of the Philippine 
Islands in the belief that they can not be killed while wearing it. 

SHOW-CASE "F". 

PHOTOGRAPHS. 

1. Mrs. Malinda Baldwin of Kanawha County, West Virginia, when in 
the one hundred and fourth year of her age. 

2. A group of officers of the First and Second West Virginia Volunteer 
Regiments, in the Spanish-American War. 

3. A Parade, participated in by boys, inmates at the West Virginia 
Reform School. 



1908] State History Exiiidit — Continued. 79 

4. An Emigrant Scene in the mountains of the State of Wyoming. 

5. A Group of Soldiers of the Second Regiment West Virginia Volun- 
teer Infantry in the Spanish-American War. 

6. A Group of Officers of the First Regiment West Virginia Volunteer 
Infantry in the Spanish-American War. 

7. Old M. E. Church, on Virginia Street, Charleston, West Vii-ginia, 
in which the Second Constitution of the State was framed, 1872. 

8. Petroleum Fields near Wolf's Summit on the line of the Baltimore 
& Ohio Railroad, in Harrison county. West Virginia. 

9. Scene in an Oil Field at Cairo on Hughes River, in Ritchie county. 

10. Oil wells at Ellenboro, Ritchie county, West Virginia. 

11. Sistersville — a busy town in the greatest oil field in West Virginia. 

12. A Scene in a Petroleum field on the Ohio River in Tyler county. 

13. View in an Oil Field in Doddridge county, West Virginia. 

14. An Oil-Weil Scene in a Mannington Oil Field, in Marion county, West 
Virginia. 

15. A Monument reared at Salem, Virginia, by the Margaret Lynn Lewis 
Chapter of the Daughters of the Revolution to the Memory of Gen- 
eral Andrew Lewis, the "Hero of Point Pleasant and of the Revolu- 
tion." 

IG. A Monument. It marks the Grave of Hon. John S. Carlile in the 
Odd Fellows Cemetery at Clarksburg, West Virginia. He was a leader 
in the formation of West Virginia. 

17. The House, still standing at Becklej% Raleigh county, West Virginia, 
in which Major (afterward President) William McKinley, had his 
head-quarters in the winter of 1861-62. 

18. Scene of the last public execution in West Virginia; that of John F. 
Morgan at Ripley, Jackson county, December 16, 1897. State law 
now requires all executions to take place at the State Penitentiary. 

19. The Historic town of Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, as seen from 
Loudoun Heights. 

20. Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, as seen from Bolivar Heights. 

21. Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, as seen from Maryland Heights. 

•22. A Monument — erected to the memory of Meriwether Lewis, of the 
Lewis and Clark Expedtion of 1884-5-6, at his grave in Lewis county, 
Tennessee. 

23. A Photographic view of the Battle of Point Pleasant, West Vir- 
ginia, between white men and Indians, October 10, 1774. 

24. A Monument marking the grave of General Thomas M. Harris, of 
Ritchie county. West Virginia. A Federal officei". 

25. A Mountain Town in the Rocky Mountains, Wyoming. 

26. A Photograph of the Home of Governor Francis H. Pierpont, still 
standing at Fairmont, Marion county, AVest Virginia. 

27. George Washington's H'ead-quarters at Fort Loudoun, now Winches- 
ter, in the Shenandoah Valley, while defending the early West Vir- 
ginia settlements during the French and Indian Wars. 

28. The Cotta.ge in which Stonewall Jackson was born. It stood on 
Main Street. Clarksburg, West Virginia. Site now occupied by the 
mercantile establishment of Mr. David Davidson. 



80 Akciiives and History. [W. Va. 

29. A winter Scene on the Great Kanawha — Steamboats being cut down 
at the mouth of Elk river in January, 1878. 

30. Winters' Tavern, on an eminence about five miles east of Clarks- 
burg, West Virgina. It was long prominent in the early history of 
the old Northwestern Turnpike. 

31. The Leaden Plate buried by the French at Point Pleasant, West Vir- 
ginia, August 18, 1749, asserting their claims to the region, over 
that of the English. 

32. The Old Stone Tavern, still standing, in Pennsboro, Ritchie county. 
West Virgina. Erected to accommodate Travelers, on the Old North- 
ern Turnpike. Erected in 1845. 

33. A Photographic copy of an Autograph Letter of John Letcher, Gov- 
ernor of Virginia. 

34. A Photographic picture of a Masonic Apron worn by Meriwether 
Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Now the property of a 
gentleman residing in Lewis county. West Virginia. 

35. A Photographic picture of a watch once the Property of Meriwether 
Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Now owned by a resi- 
dent of Lewis county, West Virginia. 

36. General Robert E. Lee and Staff on the battle-field at Spottsylvania 
Court House, Virginia, early in 1SG3. Stonewall Jackson of AVest 
Virgina is beside him 

SKETCHES. 

1. A View of the State University Buildings at Morgantown. 

2. A Sketch showing a birds-eye view of the town of Weston, in Lewis 
county. 

SHOW-CASE "G". 

MAXUSCKIPT.S. 

1. The Shaw Memorial. An important document relating to the Civil 
War. 

2. A Biography of Gen. John H. Ohley, prominent in both the civil 
and military history of the State. 

3. A History of the Wilson Family, of the New River Valley. 

4. An Orderly and Record Book of Captain John Wilson's Company 
of Kanawha Riflemen in the War of 1812. 

5. Historical and Descriptive Sketch of the Great Kanawha Valley, by 
Dr. John P. Hale. 

6. A Valuable Manuscript prepared for the late Dr. John P. Hale, of 
Charleston. 

7. A History of the Engles-Draper Family of Southwest Virginia. 

8. A Report on the Archaeology of the New River Valley. By Dr. John 
P. Hale. 

9. A Monograph — The History of the Hagans Family of West Virginia 
10. Reminiscences of Great Kanawha Valley. By Alva Hansford. Dic- 
tated to Mr. William H. Edwards in 1884. -^ 




X 



H 



ri o 

o -« 

O - 

a. > 

Dh o 



3 1 






^ a 



1908] State History Exhibit. — Continued. 81 

HISTOKV PAPERS. 

1. A Virginia Land Grant Issued to Samuel Hanway in Montgomery 
county, Virginia. 

2. A Parchment Deed of Transfer from Charles Calvert, (Lord Balti- 
more.) 

3. A Virginia Land Grant for lands in Monongalia county. 

4. A Virginia Land Grant for 500 acres of land in Monongalia county. 

5. A Virginia Land Grant for 198 acres of land in Hampshire county. 

6. A Fairfax Deed executed July 6, 1760, for land in Frederick county, 
Virginia. 

7. A Virginia Land Grant, for 200 acx'es in Hampshire county. 

8. A Virginia Land Grant. Issued to John Prickett for 400 acres of 
land on Monongahela river. 

9. A Virginia Land Grant, for 1000 acres of land in Monongalia county. 

10. A United States Land "Warrant. Issued to Joseph Engles for 150 
acres of land 

11. A Maryland Land Grant from Charles Calvert to Francis Billingsley, 
■dated September 11, 1664. 

12. An Autograph Letter, written by William A. Harrison of Clarksburg, 
November 1, 1833. 

13. An Autograph Letter. Written in Richmond, Virginia, May 15, 
1835. 

14. Succession in Office: — Johnson Reynolds succeeded John A. North 
as clerk of the Virginia Court of Appeals sitting at Lewisburg. 

HISTORY MATERIAL. 

1. Nails from the ruins of the Virginia University buildings burned 
October 24, 1895. 

2. Miniature Idol from Yucatan. 

3. Copies sold by early merchants of West Virginia to Children learn- 
ing to write. 

Children learning to write. 

4. Linen Cloth, made in a West Virginia home before the Civil War. 

5. Horn or Tusk of some extinct animal. From the Valley of the Big 
Sandy River. 

6. Cotton Cloth made from cotton grown in West Virginia during the 
Civil War. 

7. A bit of Glass from the window of a Church destroyed by the 
Johnstown flood. 

8. A Fragment of Marble from the grave of Stonewall Jackson. 

9. A Collar for Ladies. Worn in West Virginia ninety years ago. 

10. A Ball of Hair. Found in the stomach of a hog in Pocahontas 
county. 

11. A Razor. Once the property of Mathias Van Bibber, a personal 
friend of Daniel Boone. 

12. Cane. The handiwork of a Confederate Soldier from Harrison Count- 
ty while a prisoner of War. 

13. Cane. Cut by Daniel Boone in the Y6w Pine ^Mountains of Upper 



82 Aechives and Histoey, [W. Va. 

Gauley. Left in Great Kanawha Valley when he removed to Mis- 
souri in 1798. 

14. Cane. Made from the hull of the British Man-of war Charon, sunk 
in York River in 1781. 

15. A Spy-Glass once the property of George Washington. 

IG. A Singular Fungus growth. Grew on a post in a coal mine on 
New River. 

17. Snuff-Box. Once the property of H'arman Blennerhassett. 

18. Litchens. Carved by Mrs. G. H. Hill of Bluefield, West Virginia. 

19. A Letter Trunk. — Owned by the Fleming Family of Marion county, 
for a hundred years. 

20. Copy of the Ohio Magazine Almanac, — 1830. 

21. A Persian Spoon. 

22. A Military Pass issued at Parkersburg in 1862. 

23. A Miniature Confederate Flag, made in Kanawha county in 1862. 

24. An Archaeological Specimen from Puerto Rico. 

25. Singular growth of the Root of a white-oak tree. From Clay coun- 
ty. 

26. Peculiar gi'owth of the limb of an apple tree. From Kanawha coun- 
ty. 

SHOW-CASE "H". 

PHOTOGRAPHS. 

1. Of John S. Lewis, born in Mason county in 1801. 

2. Of John Henderson, a Revolutionary Soldier and pioneer settler of 
Mason county. 

3. Of James Wilson of Kanawha county. An attorney selected by Har- 
man Blennerhassett for his defense. 

4. Of Dr. Jesse Bennett, first regularly educated Physician of Mason 
county. 

5. A Birds-eye View of the town of Fairmont. 

6. Of General Lee and Stonewall Jackson, on the battlefield of Spott- 
sylvania Court House. 

7. Of a Church erected at Point Pleasant in 1816. 

8. Of the Burial Place of James Rumsey, in St. Margaret's Church, 
Westminister Abbey. 

9. Of General Peter H. Steenburgen, of Mason county. A Soldier of the 
War of 1812. 

10. Of the late Pvlrs. Agnes Sehon, of Point Pleasant, a grand-daughter 
of Col. Charles Lewis, killed at the battle of Point Pleasant, Octo- 
ber 10, 1774. 

11. A Group of Confederate Soldiers just returned to Charleston from 
Appomatox, 1865. --j, 

HISTORY PAPERS. 

1. A Telegram sent by General Lee from Petersburg, Virginia, Feb. 
21, 1861. 

2. A Receipt given for money on account by Stonewall Jackson, when 
a Constable in Lewis county. 



1908] State History Exhibit.— Continued. 83 

3. Eighteen Ballots — tickets — of Elections long past. 

4. A Document relating to Lord Fairfax's Surveyors, dated September 
15, 1746. 

5. A Muster Roll of Captain McFarland's Company of Monongalia Ran- 
gers in 1778. 

6. An Autograph. Letter. Written by Henry J. Fisher of Mason county 
in 1813. 

7. A Document pertaining to affairs in Greenbrier county, in 1845. 

8. A Legal Document relating to matters in Kanawha county. 

9. Kanawha County Court Papers, dated June 2, 1838. 

10. An Autograph Letter. Written by Benjamin H. Smith of Kanawha 
county. 

11. A Business Contract, having historical value. Dated September 25, 
1834. 

12. An Article of Agreement entered into between David Dixon of Ritchie 
county, and Robert Tibbs, of Monroe county. 

13. A Fairfax Document. An order of the King, authorizing the payment 
of the Fairfax surveyors. 

14. An Affidavit, relating to the Fairfax Surveyors. 

35. A Petition of the Burgesses of Virginia to King Charles II. 

16. A Deed for Land executed by Thomas Lewis to Walter Newman, for 
land in Mason county, dated December 2, 1797. 

17. A Diploma of Graduation. Granted by Yale College to Augiastus A. 
Stuart, of Greenbrier county. 

18. A Fairfax Document. Relates to the survey of the "Northern Neck" 
of Virginia, in which lay the counties of Berkeley, Morgan, Jefferson, 
Hampshire and other territory in West Virginia. 

19. An extract of a Letter. Written June 29, 1729, by Lieut-Governor 
Gooch, of Virginia, to the Lords of Trade and Plantations in Lon- 
don. 

20. Instructions given by Lord Faii'fax, to his surveyors in 1773. 

21. A Pension Certificate. Granted to John Jones of Kanawha county, 
for services in the Revolution. 

22. A Fairfax Document. Dated March 26, 1746. Relates to the boun- 
dary of the great landed estate owned by him. 

23. A Legal Document relating to the will of George Washington. 

24. A Legal Document. Relates to the early History of the Great Ka- 
nawha Valley. 

23. A Report of an Early West Virginia Survey. 

26. An Autograph Letter. Addressed to the Virginia Supreme Court of 
Appeals sitting at Lewisburg. 

27. A Fairfax Document. Addressed to Lord Fairfax by his surveyors, 
October 31, 1736. 

28. Part of a Report made to Lord Fairfax by his surveyors. 

HISTORY MATEBIAL. 

1. An Old Mirror. In use in a West Virginia Pioneer Home one hun- 
dred and fifty years ago. 



84 ARCHr\'ES AXD History. [W. Va. 

SHOW-CASE "I". 

PHOTOGEAPHS. 

1. Of the Yorktown Monument. Designed by Gen. William P. Craighill, 
of Jefferson county, West A'^irginia. 

2. Of the Statue of General Andrew Lewis, on the Washington Monu- 
ment at Richmond, Virginia. 

3. Of tlie Soldier's Monument at Wheeling. 

4. Of the Oldest Tombstone in West Virginia. Erected in 1735. 

5. Of a figure in human form. Arranged from Indian Arrow Points, in 
the collection of Captain C. F. Hess, Point Pleasant, West Virginia. 

6. Of Cummins Jackson's Home where Stonewall Jackson spent his 
boyhood days. 

7. Of Castle Rock on Guyandotte river, Wyoming county. 

8. View of Cummins Jackson's home, where Stonewall Jackson resided 
when a boy. 

9. Of Captain French Enzer Chadwick, a native of Monongalia county, 
and the Commander of the battleship "New York." 

10. Of Judge Daniel B. Lucas, of Charles Town, Jefferson county. 

11. Of Colonel Kellian V. Whaley, member of Congress, under the Re- 
stored Government of Virginia. 

12. Of General Albert Gallatin Jenkins, Confederate General, West Vir- 
ginia. Killed in battle at Cloyd's Mountain, May 9, 1864. 

13. Of Lieutenant Andrew Summers Rowan of Monroe county, who bore 
the message to Garcia. 

14. Of Joseph H. Diss Debar, designer of the Coat-of-Arms and Seals of 
the State. 

15. Of an Old House, still standing, on the battlefield of Princeton, in 
Mercer county. Civil War. 

16. Of the Home of General Charles Lee, of the Revolution, at Leetown, 
Jefferson county. 

17. The home of Horatio Gates, of the Revolution, still standing in 
Jefferson county. 

18. The Site of Old Fort Loudoun at Winchester, in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, where General Washington made his head-quarters while defend- 
ing the West Virginia Frontier, during the French and Indian War. 

19. An Old Cemetery. The Strode graveyard in Jefferson county. 

20. Of Hon. Frank Hereford of Monroe county. A U. S. Senator. 

SKETCHES. 

1. A bird's-eye View of Morgantown, in Monongalia county. 

2. Prints of Hon. James Clark McGrew, of Preston county. A member 
of the Virginia Convention of 1S61 which adopted the Ordinance of 
Secession. 

3. Old Newspapers. In this Case are a number of copies of Old News- 
papers taken from the Collection of many such in the State Depart- 
ment of Archives and History. 



1908] State History ExiimiT. — Continued. 85 

SHOW-CASE "J". 

OLD STATE CL'RREXCY. 

1. One hundred and thirty specimens of State issues in circulation be- 
fore the Civil War. Some of it represented the Colonial currency of 
the Revolution. ^ 

III STORY :\IATERIAL. 

1. Candle Moulds (3 pairs) in use in West Vii'ginia pioneer homes. 

2. Candle snuilers (3 pairs), In use when candles were burned. 

3. Old Grease Lamps, in use in W^est Virginia homes before the intro- 
duction of candles. 

4. Lanterns, (3 in number) in use in West Virginia from fifty to one 
hundred years ago. 

5. Miner's Lamp. Carried by a miner in the Detroit Mine, at Paint 
Creek, Kanawha county, at the time of the explosion January 18, 
1906, when nineteen persons lost their lives. 

6. Glassware and Chinaware used in the Governor's Mansion at Rich- 
mond, during the Administration of Joseph Johnson, the only West 
Virginian ever Governor of Virginia. Served from 1851 to 185G. 

7. An Earthen and a Pewter Basin. Both in use in Pricket's Fort, on 
the West Fork of the ISIonongahela River, now in Marion county, 
during the Indian Wars. 

8. Knives and Forks. Made by a country blacksmith in West Virginia 
more than a hundred years ago. 

9. Candle Sticks (5 in number), in use in West Virginia sixty years 
ago. 

10. Mortar and Pestle. In use by a Pioneer Physician more than a hun- 
dred years ago. 

11. A Wooden Door Lock. In use on the doors of cabin homes, of West 
Virginia settlers a hundred years ago. 

12. Sickles used for reaping Grain; in use in West Virginia harvest 
fields, before the introduction of the grain Cradle. 

13. A Wooden Pitch-Fork. In use on the Seagrist Farm, in Mason coun- 
ty, seventy-five years ago. 

14. A Bottle made of Cowhide. Found on the battlefield at Point Pleas- 
ant, Mason county, many years ago. 

15. Flax Hackles. (2 in number), used for cleaning flax and making it 
fit for spinning. 

16. Flax which has been "hackled" and is ready for spinning. 

17. Flax Thread, whcih has been spun and is ready for the needle. 

18. A Reed used in loom for weaving linen and other cloths. 

19. Shuttles: Used in the loom by the pioneer weaver. 

20. A Bunch of Flax, "broken" and ready for the hackle. 

21. A "Man's Saddle." Such as were in use for carrying burdens, by the 
West Virginia Frontiersman a hundred years ago. 

22. "Sanders," (3 in number) used for drying ink on paper before the 
Introduction of blotting paper. 

23. Bottom of a Cask, found among the fZe&n's floating in the Ohio river 
just after the Johnstown flood. 



86 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

24. A Floor Rug, made by hand in Harrison county, by Mrs. Benjamin 
Robinson more than eighty years ago. 

SKETCHES — ON COLUMN "a". 

1. The Residence of James Rumsey, at Shepherdstown. 

2. Greenway Court, the residence of Lord Fairfax, while making deeds 
for hundreds of thousands of acres of land in West Virginia. 

3. A Pioneer Home, in West Virginia, a hundred years ago. 

PORTRAITS, SKETCHES — ON COLUMN "b". 

1. Portrait of James Rumsey, the Inventor of the Steamboat. 

2. Hon. Daniel Lamb, of Wheeling, Ohio county. Compiler of the first 
West Virginia Code. 

3. Hon. John Hall, of Mason county, President of the first Constitutional 
Convention of West Virginia. 

4. Harman Blennerhassett, of Wood county, who engaged with Aaron 
Burr in his scheme of founding a Southwest Empire. 

5. Dr. Wills DeHass, of Ohio county. Author of "The Settlement and 
Indian Wars of Western Virginia." 

6. James Lawrence, of Kanawha county, whom Governor Wise, in 1S55, 
appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia. 

7. Jacob Edgar Boyers, first secretary of State of West Virginia. 

8. A Muster-RoU of a Company of West Virginians in the War of 1812. 

9. Fractional Currency of the United States during the Civil War. 

10. A Pioneer Block-House, the simplest form of a place of defence, in 
West Virginia during the Indians Wars. 

PORTRAITS, SKETCHES, ETC. — ON COLUMN "c". 

1. Mrs. Margaret Blennerhassett, wife of Harman Blennerhassett. 

2. Judge Lewis Summers an eminent Jurist of Kanawha county. 

3. Samuel Price, of Greenbrier county. A Lieutenant-Governor of Vir- 
ginia. 1863-1864. 

4. Mrs. Thompson, the last surviving grand-daughter, of Colonel Charles 
Lewis, who was killed at the battle of Point Pleasant. 

5. A Confederate Note Memorial. 

6. A Fac-simile of the Declai'ation of Independence of the United States. 

7. A Palisade Fort, one of the class of forts in West Virginia during 
the Indian Wars. 

8. Portrait of John Hursey of Harrison county. President of the Clarks- 
burg Convention of April 23, 18G1. 

9. Thomas A. Morris, one of the Bishops of the M. E. Church. Born 
in Kanawha county, now Cabell. 

10. Lieutenant Andrew Summers Rowan, of Monroe county, whom Pres- 
ident McKinley sent to carry the Message to Garcia. 

PORTRAITS AND SKETCHES — ON COLUMN "d". 

1. Portrait of Major John Cantrell, of Mason county. Distinguished 
Pioneer. 

2. Hon. William A. Quarrier, eminent Jurist of Kanawha county. 



1908] State History EIxhibit. — Continued. 87 

3. A Fiat-Boat on the Ohio River, 1817. 

4. A Stockade Fort, one of the places of defense in West Virginia dur- 
ing the Indian Wars. 

PORTEAITS ON LEFT PAETITION WALL. 

1. Hon. William E. Chilton, ex-secretary of State. 

2. Hon. Henry S. Walker, ex-Secretary of State. 

3. Hon. Sobieski Brady, ex-Secretary of State. 

4. Hon. J. M. Pipes, ex-Secretary of State. 

5. Hop. Granville D. Hall. ex-Secretary of State. 

6. Hon. William A. Ohley, ex-Secretary of State. 

7. Hon. Peter Silman, ex-Treasurer of State. 

8. Hon. Marmaduke Dent, ex-Judge Court of Appeals. 

9. Rev. Asa Shinn, of Harrison county. 

10. General Thomas Maley Harris, Federal General, of Ritchie county. 

11. General Isaac Hardin Duval, Federal, of Brooke county. 

12. General James A. J. Lightburn, Federal General, of Lewis county. 

13. General Jesse Lee Reno, Federal General, of Ohio county. 

14. General David H. Strother, of Berkeley county. Federal Ofl&cer of 
the Civil War. 

PORTRAITS ON EIGHT PARTITION WALL. 

1. General Joseph H. Sprigg, ex-Attorney-General of the State. 

2. Alexander Scott Withers, Author of "Chronicles of Border Warfare", 
published at Clarksburg, in 1831. 

3. Hon. Elisha Wesley McCoraas, of Kanawha county, Lieutenant-Gov- 
. ernor of Virginia, under Henry A. Wise. 

4. Arthur I. Boreman, first Governor of West Virginia, delivering his 
Inaugural Address, June 20, 1863. 

5. Thomas O'Brien, an ex-Treasurer of State. 

6. Col. Robert White, an ex-Attorney-General of the State. 

7. Hon. Henry Mason Mathews, an ex-Governor of the State. 

8. General John E'chols, Confederate General, of Monroe county. 

9. General John McCausland, Confederate General, of Mason county. 

10. General William Lowther Jackson, Confederate General, of Wood 
county. 

11. General John Nicholas Clarkson, Confederate General, of Kanawha 
county. 

12. Hon. Charles Hedrick, of Kanawha county, ex-secretary of State. 

13. Hon. Thaj^er Melvin, eminent Jurist of Wheeling. 

PORTRAITS, SKETCHES, PAINTINGS, PHOTOGRAPHS, ETC. — ON REAR WALL. 

1. Daniel Polsley, of Mason county, Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia, 

under the Restored Government. 

,2. Augustus A. Stuart, of Greenbrier county. 

3. Robert Sanders Northcott, Federal General, of Harrison county. 

4. Hon. Edwin Maxwell, of Harrison county. 

5. Attorney-General C. C. Watts, of Kanawha county. 

6. Col. Andrew Lewis, a son of General Andrew Lewis. 



Archives and History. [W. Va. 



7. Charles Dickens, painted on ship-board by Joseph H. Diss Debar, in 
January, 1842. 

8. Col. Charles Clendenin, prominent Mason county Pioneer. 

9. Stonewall Jackson. Born at Clarksburg, Harrison county. West Vir- 
ginia, in 1823. 

10. Hon. Romeo H. Freer, of Ritchie county, ex-Attorney-General. 

11. Hon. John L. Cole, an ex-State Librarian. 

12. Albert Gallatin Jenkins, Confederate General, of Cabell county. 

13. Hon. Joseph M. McWhorter, of Greenbrier county, an ex-Auditor of 
State. 

14. Thomas S. Riley, an ex-Attorney-General of the State. 

15. Alfred Caldwell, an ex-Attorney-General of the State. 

IG. Frank Cox, an ex-Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals. 

17. Hon. Henry G. Davis, an ex-United States Senator. 

18. General John S. Witcher, of Cabel Icounty, Federal Officer of the Civil 
War. 

19. General Benjamin F. Kelly, of Wheeling, Federal Officer of the Civil 
War. 

20. Patrick Fee Duffy, of Webster county, an ex-Auditor of the State 

21. Isaac V. Johnson, of Barbour county, an ex-Auditor of the State. 

22. Jonathan M. Bennett, of Lewis county, an ex-Auditor of Virginia. 

23. Warren Miller, of Jackson county, an ex-Judge of the Supreme Court 
of Appeals. 

24. Thomas Boggess, of Roane county, ex-Auditor of the State. 

25. Edward A. Bennett, of Cabell county, ex-Auditor of the State. 

PAINTINGS. 

1. A Sleeping Beauty — by Riley Fleming, of Marion county. 

2. His Little Daughter— by Riley Fleming, of Marion county. 

3. Mrs. John Barnes — by Riley Fleming, of Marion county. 

4. Mr. John Barnes— by Riley Fleming, of Marion countv. 

5. Betty Zane, receiving the Powder at the siege of Fort Henry. 

6. The Old Court House, at Williamsburg, Virginia. 

7. Battle of Point Pleasant, Mason county, October 10, 1774. 

8. Scene of the Boyhood days of Stonewall Jackson. 

9. Head of White-faced Durham. 

SKETCHES. 

1. Home in which Stonewall Jackson was born, Clarksburg, Harrison 
county. 
• 2. John Brown's Fort at Harper's Ferry. 

3. Sketch of Prominent Character in Kanawha Salines. By General 
David H. Strother. 

4. Drawing of Leaden Plate, buried by the French at Point Pleasant, 
Mason countj-, August IS, 1749. 

T^riSCELLANY. 

In addition to the foregoing there were paek-saddk^s of the olden 



o 13 _ 



5. K ^ 




o 




1908] State History Exhibit. — Continued. 89 



times, and much other material suggestive and illustrative of the 
life of the West Virginia People in By-Gone days. 

THE STATE EXHIBIT IX THE WEST VIRGIXIA BUILD- 

IXG. 

X'otwithstanding the large amount of space aAvarded the State in 
the Palace of History, it was insufficient for our Exhilnt and a por- 
tion of til is was displayed in the West Virginia building. 

The second floor had on it the best Archaeological collection that 
Avas to be seen at the Exposition. Here too, were many implements 
and utensils illustrative of the pioneer life of the olden times. 
Among these were spinning wheels, a plow with a wooden mould- 
board from Xicholas County ; lanterns, lamps and candle-sticks witii 
many other articles too numerous to mention, all of which proved 
to be of great interest to the generation of today. 

On the walls of the lower floor were the following Portraits, 
Sketches etc. 

1. W. M. O. Dawson, Governor of West Virginia. 

2. Arnold C. Scherr, Auditor of State. 

3. Charles W. Swisher, Secretary of State. 

4.' Alpheus F. Haymond, Marion county, late Judge of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals. 

5. William B. Mathews, pi-esent Clerk of Supreme Court of Appeals. 

6. Henry C. McWhorter, Judge of Supreme Court of Appeals. 

7. Heni-y Brannon, Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals. 

8. George Poffenbarger, Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals. 

9. William N. Miller, Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals. 

10. Joseph M. Sanders, Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals. 

11. Clarke W. May, late Attorney-General of the State. 

1. Coat of Arms of the State in Colors. 

2. Making Apple Butter in West Virginia seventy-iive years ago. 

3. Landscape View of Blennerhassett Island. 

4. Landscape View of Forest Scene in Kanawha county. 

5. A Fox Chase in the Shenandoah River in the olden time; and Sequel 
thereto. 

It is safe to say that the display of history, archaeology, and art 
material far exceeded in both quantity and interest that to be seen 
in any other State Building on the Exposition Grounds. 

THE RECEIPTS AXD EXPEXDITURES OF THE DEPART- 
MEXT OF ARCHIVES AXD HISTORY. 

Cliaptor LXIV of the Act creating the Department of Archivus 
and History, passed February 18, 1905. provides that it shall 



90 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

be under the management of the Board of Public Works — which 
body shall disburse all moneys on its own order which may be 
appropriated for the expense of the Bureau (Department) ; — the 
Auditor to issue his warrants therefor upon such vouchers as the 
Board of Public Works may provide. The Department is placed 
in charge of a person appointed by the Governor, and who is known 
as the State Historian and Archivist, who shall among other duties 
make a statement of the receipts and expenditures of the Depart- 
ment, accompanied by such recommendations as he deems best for 
the State's interest in said Department. In compliance with this 
requirement, it is stated that the Legislature at its regular Session 
in 1907, appropriated for the biennial period, beginning October 
1, 1906, and ending September 30, 1908, the sum of $9,000.00. 
See Session Acts of 1908, pp. 555, 573. The Department has no 
income or source of revenues other than appropriations made by 
the Legislature. The expenditures of this Appropriation are 
shown in the proceedings of the Board of Public Works, and printed 
by items in the Report of the Secretary of State, under the head of 
** Allowances by the Board of Public Works, from October 1, 1906, 
to September 30, 1908, payable out of the appropriation for State 
Archives and History. ' ' From this it appears that there had been 
disbursed of this appropriation of $9,000.00 for salaries, books, 
furniture, and other incidental and contingent expenses, to Septem- 
ber 30, 1908, the sum of $8,674.35, thus leaving in the treasury on 
that date, a balance of $325.65. It should be mentioned that the 
larger part of this balance had been expended but not disbursed 
at the close of the fiscal year, September 30, 1908. 

RECOMJIENDATIOXS OF THE STATE IIISTORIAX AND ARCHIMST. 

The Department of Archives and History has grown since its 
organization far beyond the expectation of those who created it. 
Yet its work is but begun ; but if it receives a liberal patronage — 
that is adequate appropriations — it will speedily become — is becom- 
ing now — the most interesting institution in the State, and it will 
give to West Virginia a prominent place among the States and 
Nations of the world which are now engaged in rescuing from ob- 
livion the history and annals which their people have made in the 
Past; and in saving and preserving that which they make now and 
Avill make hereafter, that all may be transmitted to posterity. As 
the Department grows, its needs increase : it is one of incessant 
labor — no office hours — but work for all from earlv morning until 



190S] Recoiimexdatioxs of the State Historian. 91 

late at night. This, and only this, will produce that expansion 
which should come to any section of the Department, Money will 
therefore be needed to promote all these interests. Under the pro- 
visions of law creating it the Department is placed under control of 
the Board of Public Works, on the orders of which body all 
, appropriations for it are disbursed. This is a guarantee of econ- 
omical management in the expenditures of money. 

The following recommendation of appropriations for the Depart- 
ment for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1909, and 
September 30, 1910, appear to be necessary to enable it to achieve 
the desired results ; viz : — 

For Salary of State Historian and Archivist $2,500.00 

For Salary of Assistant 1,000.00 

For Salary of Attendant 1,000.00 

For Salary of Stenographer and Typewriting 1,000.00 

For Purchase of Books, Manuscripts, and other Collections 1,500.00 

For Shelving and necessary furniture 500.00 

For Contingent and Incidental Expenses 500.00 

For Binding Books and Papers 500.00 

Inasmuch as all appropriations for the Department are to b;^ 
disbursed by the Board of Public Works, it may be said that it will 
be better that the appropriations read: for salaries of employees; 
purchase of books, manuscripts and other material for the collec- 
tions; building shelving, book-cases and purchase of furniture; 
and contingent expenses, say $9,000.00. 



APPENDIXES. 



PART TWO. 



LIST OF APPENDXIES. 



I. West Virginians who were Members of the Virginia House of 
Burgesses Before the Revolution. 

II. West Virginians who were Members of the General Assemiy 
OF Virginia from the Year 1777 to 18C5 — That is while the 
two States were one. 

III. West Virginians who Occupied Seats in Virginia Conventions 
while the two States were one. 

IV. Some History of the Restored Government of Virginia from 1861 
to 1865. 

V. Historical Data Relating to the Formation of West Virginia — 

The Men Who Made the State. 

VI. Counties of West Virginia as they Existed in 1861, with their 
Total Representation in the Making of the State. 

VII. First State Officials of West Virginia — Their Nomination, Elec- 
tion AND Inauguration. 

VIII. The Legislatures of West Virginia, — Membership and Organiza- 
tion. 

IX. The State Administrations of West Virginia, — Elective Civil 
Officials of each. 

X. The Supreme Court of Appeals, — Its Organization and Member- 
ship — The State Law Library. 

XL The Second Constitutional Convention of West Virginia which 
Assembled at Charleston, Kanawha County, January 16, 1872, 
AND Adjourned April 9th ensuing. 

XII. The Capitals and Capitols of West Virginia. 

XIII. West Virginians avho have been Members of the Federal Con- 

gress since the State was Admitted into the Union. 

XIV. West Virginians who were in some way Connected with the 
Virginia Government while the two States were one. 



96 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



PREFATORY NOTE PERTAINING TO APPENDIXES. 



Sources of Information — Labor of Compilation. 



The material contained in the following appendixes is the result 
of years of research. No source of information has been neglected. 
Journals of the old Virginia House of B.urgesses; of the Senate 
and House Journals of the Virginia General Assembly ; of those of 
the Assembly under the Restored Government of Virginia; and of 
those of the Legislature of West Virginia since it became a State; 
together with Virginia Almanacs, tiles of newspapers and other 
publications, and many public documents and manuscript records 
at Richmond and at many county seats in "West Virginia, the whole 
covering more than a hundred years, have been widely and carefully 
consulted. Who were the public men — law makers — of West Vir- 
ginia who occupied seats in the House of Burgesses of Virginia 
before the Revolution — that is, in the Colonial Period? Wlio were 
the West Virginians that represented West Virginia countie.s in 
the General Assembly of Virginia from 1776 to 1865, the period 
of the Commonwealth ? Who were the West Virginians who sat in 
all the Virginia conventions from 1775 to 1865, inclusive? Who 
were the West Virginians that M^ere in some way connected with the 
Virginia Government Avhile the two States were one? Wlio were 
the West Virginians that composed the Conventions of the People 
of Northwestern Virginia at Wheeling in 1861? Who were they 
that reorganized the Restored Government of Virginia, and thus 
provided a way for the formation of AVest Virginia? Who were 
they who have made its laws and controlled the destiny of the 
State from that time to the present? Who were the West Vir- 
ginians that, as members of the National Congress, have given to 
their State a name and standing among her sister Commonwealths? 
xVll these questions, with many others, are answered in the following 
pages. The labor of compilation has been tedious and prolonged, 
but the work has been done with care and. as is believed, is as 
accurate as it will ever be possible to make it. 



APPENDIX I. 



WEST VIRGINIANS WHO WERE MEMBERS OF THE 

VIRGINIA HOUSE OF BURGESSES BEFORE 

THE REVOLUTION. 



1754 TO 1775. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



In 1492, Christopher Columbus made knoAvn to Europe the ex- 
istence of a New World, and immediately all nations from the 
Mediterranean to Scandinavia, engaged in trans-Atlantic Voyage 
and Discovery. This continued for more than a hundred years, 
but the sixteenth century closed, and if we except San Augustine, 
no white man had found a home from the everglades of Florida 
to the pine-clad hills of Nova Scotia. But this was not to con- 
tinue. The 10th of April, 1606, was a great day in the History 
of the New World. On that date King James I. of England 
granted a charter, or letters patent, to an association of men of 
his kingdom, known as the "Virginia Company of London," by 
the provisions of which they were authorized to plant a colony on 
the shores of Virginia, in North America. Three small vessels 
— the "Susan Constant," the "God-Speed," and the "Discovery" 
— were secured and anchored at Blackwall, in Middlesex County, 
on the Thames river three and one-half miles above London, where 
one hundred and five men went aboard as Colonists bound for the 
New World. The Ocean was crossed, the James river ascended 
for fifty miles, and on a peninsula on its right bank, on the 13th 
day of May, 1607, these Middlesex men went on shore and laid 
the foundation of Jamestown, the first English town in America. 

West Virginia was not included in the first grant to the Vir- 
vinia Company— that of 1606 — but it was embraced within the 



98 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

chartered limits as enlarged in 1609 ; and henceforth for two hun- 
dred and fifty years the two Virginias — Virginia and "West Vir- 
ginia—were one. 

English Settlements spread along the James river, until in 1619, 
they were divided into eleven sub-divisions called boroughs; each 
was tlien instructed to elect representatives, called burgesses, to con- 
stitute a Legislative body — the first in America — called the House 
of Burgesses. There was no Senate or Upper House, the Governor 
and his Council performing the functions of such a body. The 
House of Burgesses — the first Legislative l)ody in America — was 
organized in 1619, and continued to be the law-making body of 
Virginia, throughout all its Colonial Period, even to the beginning 
of the Revolution. 

In 1634, Virginia was divided into eight counties, or shires, 
similar to those of England. An effort was made to keep Civil 
Government abreast of the most adventurous pioneers, and hence 
])rovision was made for the formation of new counties. In 1734, 
thirty-two counties — all east of the Blue Ridge — had ])een check- 
ered on the Map of Virginia. To these in 1738, Avere added 
Augusta and Fredrick Counties, Avest of that IMountain barrier. 

The First Tw^o West Virginia Counties. — The only repre- 
sentative units in "West Virginia during the existence of the old 
House of Burgesses, Avere Hampshire county, organized in com- 
pliance Avith an Act passed by tliat body in November, 1753. — 
lAventy-seventh year of the reign of King George II. — and Berke- 
ley county, created by an Act of February, 1772, — tAvelfth year 
of King George III. Their representatives in the House of Bur- 
gesses Avere as folloAvs : 

(session beginninCx AUGrsT 22, 1754.) 
Hampshire County. — Gabriel Jones and — Parker. 

(session beginn'tng ai'gust 5, 1755.) 
Eampslilrc County. — Galn-iel Jones and Parker. 

(session beginning march 25, 1756.') 
Bampshire County. — Thomas Bryan JMartin and Thomas AValker. 

(session beginning APRIL 30, 1757.") 
Hampshire County. — Thomas Bryan ^lartin and Thomas Walker. 

(session beginning march 30, 1758.') 
Hampshire County. — Thomas Bryan Martin and Thomas Walker. 

(sessions beginning SEPTEMBER 14, AND NOVEMBER 9, 1758.) 

Hampshire County. — Gabriel Jones and Thomas AValker. 



3908] West Vircixias ix House of Burgesses. 99 

(session beginning FEBRUARY 22. 1750.) 

Hampshire County. — Gabriel Jones and Thomas "Walker. 

(session beginning NOVEMBER 1, 1759.) 

Hampshire Countij. — Gabriel Jones and Thomas Walker. 

(session of 1760 and 1761.) 
'Hampshire Cou)tt)j. — Gabriel Jones and Thomas Walker. 

(session beginning NOVEMBER 3, 1761.) 

Hampshire County. — James Keith and Thomas Rutherford. 

(session beginning march 30, 1762.) 
Hampshire Cointtij. — James Keith and Thomas Rutherford. 

(session beginning NOVEMBER 2, 1762.) 
Hampshire Coimtij. — James IMercer and Thomas Rutherford. 

(session beginning MAY ]9, 1763.) 
Hampshire County. — James Mercer and Thomas Rutherford. 

(session beginning JANUARY 12, 1764.) 
Hampshire County. — James jMercer and Thomas Rutherford. 

(session beginning OCTOBER 30, 1764.) 
Hampshire County. — James Mercer and Thomas Rutherford. 

(session BEGINNING MAA^ 1, 1765.^ 

Hampshire County. — James ^Mercer and Thomas Rutherford. 

(session of OCTOBER, 1765.) 
Hampshire County.''^ : 

(session beginning NOVEMBER 6, 1766.) 

Hampstiirc (U)uniy. — Thomas Rutherford and James IMercer. 

(session beginning MARCH 12, 1767.) 
Hampshire County. — Thomas Rutherford and James Mercer. 

(session beginning MARCH 31, 1768.) 
llampshire County. — Thomas Rutherford and James ]\Iercer. 

(session of MAY, 1769.) 
llampshire Count]). — Abraham Tlite and James ^Mercer. 

(session beginning NOVEMBER 7. 1769.) 
Hampshire County. — ^Abraham Ilite and James ]Mercer. 

(session beginning MAY 21. 1770.) 
Ha)npshire County. — Abraham Hite and James Mercer. 

(session beginning -JULY 11. 1771.) 
Hampshire County. — Al)raham Hite and James ]\Tereer. 

*But an imperfect list of the membership of this Assembly is in existence, and 
the names of the representatives from this county do not appear therein. 



;i!)3;55;5 



100 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



(session beginning FEBRUARY 10, 1772.) 

Berlceley County. — Robert Rutherford and Thomas Hite. 
Hampshire County. — Alexander White and James Mercer, 

(session beginning march 4, 1773.) 
Berlceley County. — Robert Rutherford and Thomas Hite. 
Hampshire County. — James Mercer and Joseph Nevill.* 

(session beginning may 5, 1774.) 
Berlceley County.- — Robert Rutherford and Thomas Hite. 
Hampshire County. — James Mercer and Joseph Nevill. 

(session beginning JUNE 1, 1775.) 
[Berkeley County. — ^Robert Rutherford and John Hite. 
Hampshire County. — James Mercer and Joseph Nevill, 



The Revolution began in 1775, and on Saturday the 24th day of 
June of that year, the House of Burgesses adjourned never to 
meet again. Henceforth for two years, the government of Vir- 
ginia was administered by a body known as the Committee of 
Safety; and in this time the Colonial form of Government w.is 
exchanged for that of the Commonwealth. 



*Mr. Nevill was elected in place of Alexander WHiite who had been appointed 
to the office of Deputy King's Attorney. White was the first member of the National 
Congress from the territory now embraced in West Virginia. He served in that 
body from March 4, 1701, to March 3, 1793. His home was in Martinsburg, Berke- 
ley County. (See 'First Biennial Report of this Department, p. 1S2.) 



APPENDIX II. 



WEST VIRGINIANS WHO WERE :\IEMBERS OF THE GEN- 
ERAL ASSEMBLY OF VIRGINIA FROM 1777 TO 
1865— THAT IS, WHILE THE TWO 
STATES WERE ONE. 



Virginia was the first of the American States to frame and 
adopt a Constitution. The old order of things had passed away; 
the Colonial System was at an end ; and Virginia, now rising to 
the dignity of a sovereign State, hastened to prepare a form of 
organic law as a basis upon which to found future legislation. 
A Convention for this purpose assembled in the old Colonial Cap- 
itol at Williamsburg, May 6, 1776, — the year of Independence— 
and having completed its work, adjourned June 29th, ensuing. The 
Constitution thus prepared was unanimously adopted on that day, 
and continued to be the organic law of Virginia for fifty-four 
years. On the date of its adoption, Patrick Henry took the oath 
of office as the first Governor, and the machinery of Government 
- — legislative, executive, and judicial — of the new Commonwealth, 
was put into operation. Article IV. of this Constitution declared 
that the Legislative Department should consist of two distinct 
branches, which together should be a complete Legislature, to be 
called the General Assembly of Virginia. One of these was des- 
ignated as the House of Delegates, the membership of which was 
composed of two representatives from each county, and one eacli 
from the boroughs of Williamsburg and Norfolk. The other 
House was called the Senate. It consisted of twenty-four mem- 
bers, there being one from each of the twenty-four Districts into 
which the Commonwealth was divided. Senators were divided 
into four classes of six members each, and so chosen that one 
class expired annually. Senators were required to be jiot Ipss than 
twenty-five years of age at the time of their electioi:;, and to be 
residents within the Districts represented. All bilk; were require 1 
to originate in the House of Delegates to be approved or rejected 
by the Senate, or to be amended with the consent of the House 
of Delegates ; except money bills which in no instance could be 



102 Archivks and Histoey. [W. Va. 

altered by the Senate, which body could only wholly approve or 
reject them. The Sessions of the General Assembly were held 
Annually, and the bare names if nothing more, of AVest Virginians 
who occupied seats in that body throughout the long period in 
which the two States were one. must ]irove of much interest to all 
West Virginians now and hereafter. That these may be known it is 
necessary that we have a chronological list of "West Virginia 
Counties existing and created within this period. These were as 
follows : 

NAJEE WIIEX FORMKD XAME WHEN FORMED 

Hampshire Nov. 175.3. Marshall Mar. 12, 1835. 

Berkeley Feb. 1772. Braxton Jan. 15. 1836. 

Monongalia Oct. 1776. Mercer Mar. 17, 1837. 

Ohio Oct. 1776. Marion .Tan. 14. 1842. 

Greenbrier Oct. 1777. Wayne .Tan. 18,1842. 

Harrison May 1784. Barbour Mar. 3, 1843. 

Hardy Oct. 178.",. Ritchie Feb. 18, 1843. 

Randolph Oct. 1786. Taylor Jan. 19, 1844. 

Pendleton Dec. 4, 1787. Doddridge Feb. 4, 1845. 

Kanawha Nov. 14, 1788. Gilmer Feb. 3. 1845. 

Brooks Nov. 80, 1796. Wetzel .Tan. 10, 1846. 

Wood Dec. 21,1798. Boone Mar. 11, 1847. 

Monroe .Tan. 14, 1799. Putnam Mar. 11, 1848. 

.Tefferson .Tan. 8,1801. Wirt .Tan. 19,1848. 

Mason Jan. 2, 1804. Hancock .Tan. 15, 1 848. 

Cabell .Tan. 2. 1809. Raleigh .Tan. 23, 1 850. 

Tyler Dec. 16, 1814. Wyoming Jan. 26, 1850. 

Lewis Dec. 18,1816. Upshur .Mar. 26, 1851. 

Nicholas .Tan. 30, ISIS. Pleasants Mar. 29, 1851. 

Preston .Tan. 19,1818. (^alhoun Mar. 5,1855. 

Morgan Feb. 9, 1820. Tucker Mar. 7, 1856. 

Pocahontas Dec. 21, 1821. Roane Mar. 11, 1856. 

Logan .Tan. 12. 1824. McDowell Feb. 20, 1858. 

.Jackson Mar. 1 , 1 831 . Clay Mar. 29, 1858. 

Fayette Feb. 28, 1 831 . Webster Jan. 10, 1860. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that of these West Virginia 
Counties, two — Hampshire and Berkeley — existed before the Rev- 
olution ; then IMonongalia, Ohio and Greenbrier were formed 
during the continuance of that war, and that all others in the list 
were created between its close and the year 1860, Webster being 
the last one formed by an Act of the General Assembly of Virginia, 
within the limits of West Virginia. 

Under the provisions of the first Constitution of Virginia (177G 
to 1830), each county was entitled to two delegates in the Lower 
House of the General Assembly, regardless of population or w^ealth. 
Under the second Constitution (1830 to 1850), the total member- 
ship of the House of Delegates was 134, of which number 29 
were from West Virginia. It should be stated that upon the or- 
ganization of Alexandria county in 1847, the total number in the 



1908] West Virgixiaxs i.\ tiii; Viki.ixia Assembly. 103 

House was increased to 185. ruder tlic tliird ('onstitutioii (1851 
to the division of the State in 1863), the total nnni])er of niembciis 
in the House of Delegates was 152, of wliieh iiumber 4J were fri)m 
West Virginia. 

The following shows names of Counties and of representativi'.s 
—Senators and Delegates from West Virginia, so far as can now he 
ascertained — from them in the General Assembly of Virginia from 
1777 to 1865, — a period of eighty-eight years. 

SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, MAY .5, 1777, AND ENDING SATUR- 
DAY, .JUNE 28, 1777. 

SEXATORS. 

District of West Augusta David Rogers. 

Berkeley. Havipshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Yohogania* .John Cannon and Joshua "Wright. 



Berkeley County — Philip Pendleton 
and Thomas Hite. 



Hanrpshire County — • Abram Hite 
and Joseph Nevill. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, MAY 4, 1778, AND ENDING SATUR- 
DAY, MAY ZO, 1778. 

SENATORS. 

District of West Augusta David Rogers. 

Berkeley. Hampslrire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

DICr.ECA I'ES. 



Bcrkelcif County — -James Nourse 

and Thomas Hite. 
Greenbrier County — John Stuart 

and William Hutchinson. 
Hampshire County- — Abram Hite 

and Enoch Innes. 



Monongalia County — Jesse Pigman 
and John Pierce Duvall. 

07^10 County — Major Samuel McCul- 
loch and Col. David McClure. 

Yohogania County — Col. John Can- 
non and Joshua Wright. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER .5, 1778, AND ENDING SAT- 
URDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1778. 

SEXATORS. 

District of West Augusta David Rogers. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc ; Robert Rutherford. 



DCrECA'IK; 



Berkeley County — Thomas Hite and 
James Nourse. 



Huinpshire County — Abram Hite 
and Enoch Innis. 



*XoTn. — r>.v (111 Act of fli(> Cipneral Asscmbl.v passed at the Extra Session. l(7f'>. 
the bounds of ihe old "District of West Augusta." were defined (See First Biennial 
Report of this Department, p. ]2.'^). By the same Act the said District was divided 
into three counties — Ohio. Monongalia and Yohogania — which continued as such 
until 1784, when by tlie western extension of ilasou and Dixon's Line, much the 
larger portion of Yohogania county fell into Pennsylvania, and the residue in 
Virginia, being too small for a separate county, was by an Act of Assembly added 
lo Ohio county. (See Henning"s 'Statute at Large,' Vol. XII. p. 114.) 



104 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, MAY 3, 1779, AND ETSTDING SATUR- 
DAY, JUNE 26, 1779. 

SENATORS. 

District of West Augusta David Rogers. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

DELEGATES.* 



Berkeley — Thomas Hite. 
Yohogania — James Innes. 



Ohio — Samuel McCulloch and Eh- 
euezer Zane. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 4. 1779, AND ENDING 
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1779. 

SENATORS. 

District of West Augusta David Rogers. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutlierford. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Moses Hunter and Thom- 
as Hite.f 
Hampshire — Abram H'ite.ft 
Monongalia — John Pierce Duvall.tf 



Ohio — Andrew Robinson and Sam- 
uel McCulloch. 

Yohogania — William Harrison and 
James Innes. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, MAY 1, 1780, AND ENDING JULY 14, 

nso. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, &tc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Yohogania, and Ohio John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES.§ 



Berkeley — Moses Hunter and Adam 

Stephen. 
Monongalia— Janies Chew. 



Ohio — Ebenezer Zane. 
Yohogania — James Innes. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY. OCTOBER IG, 17S0, AND ENDING 
TUESDAY, JANUARY 2, 1781. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia. Yohogania, and Ohio John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Adam Stephen and Moses 
Hunter. 



Greenbrier — Archer Mathews and 
James Reid. 



Monongalia — James Chew and James Neale. 



*NOTE. — Other West Virginians were certainly memliers of the House at this 
time, but the names of those here given are the only ones which can be identified 
in the Journal. — V. A. L. 

tNoTE. — Thomas Hite was elected but died before the beginning of the Ses- 
sion. 

ttNoTE. — fnder the Constitutional provision each county was entitled to two 
Delegates. Therefore, when but one name appears, this is due to the fact that the 
member did not attend the Session, or his name cannot be identified in the Journal, 
as a West Virginian. — T. A. L. 

§NOTE. — No further names of the West Virginia membership of this session has 
been identified. — F. A. L. 



1908] West Viegixiaxs ix the Virginia Assembly. 105 

SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, MAY 7, 1781, AND ENDING SATUR- 
DAY, JUNE 27, 1781. 

SEXATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Yohogania, and Ohio John Pierce Duvall. 

delegates. 
Berkeley — Adam Stephen and Moses [ Greenbrier — George Clendenin and 

Hunter. Archer Mathews. 

Monongalia — James Neale. I Yohogania — James Innes and Adam 

I Stephen. 

SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1781, AND ENDING 
SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1782. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Yohogania, and Ohio John Pierce Duvall. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Adam Stephen and Mo- 
ses Hunter. 

Greenbrier — Archer ]\Iathews and 
George Clendenin. 



Yohogania — James Innes and Sam- 
uel 'Irwin. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1782, AND ENDING 
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1782. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Yohogania. and Ohio John Pierce Duvall. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Adam Stephen and Dol- 
phin Drew. 

Hampshire — Abram Hite and Elias 
Poston. 



Monongalia — Charles Martin and 

Benjamin Wilson. 
Greenbrier — George Clendenin and 

James Reid. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, MAY 5, 1783, AND ENDING SATUR- 
DAY, JUNE 28, 1783. 



Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Yohogania, and Ohio John Pierce Duvall. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Adam Stephen and Moses 

Hunter. 
Hampshire — Elias Poston and 

Abram Hite. 



Monongalia — Benjamin Wilson and 

Francis Warman. 
Ohio — David Shepherd and Eben© 

zer Zane. 



106 Akckives axi) History. [W. Va. 



SESSION BEGINNING OCTOBER 20, 1783, AND ENDING MONDAY, DE- 
CEMBER 22, 1783. 

SEXATORS. 

No record of West Virgina Membership in the Senate, has been found. — 
V. A. L. 

DEI.KCATES. 

Berkeley — Adam Stephen and Moses | Monongalia — Francis Warman and 

Hunter. | Benjamin Wilson. 

Greenbrier — Andrew Donnally. 1 Ohio — David Shepherd and Ebene- 

Ilampshire — Elias Boston and [ zer Zane. 

Abram Hite. | 

SESSION BEGINxXING MONDAY. MAY 3, 17S4, AND ENDING WEDNES- 
DAY, JUNE 30, 1784. 

SEXATOHS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Ohio and Yohogauia John Bierce Duvall. 



DEr.EC.ATES. 



Berkeley — Moses Hunter and Adam 

Stephen. 
Hampshire — Ralph Humphreys and 

Isaac Van Meter. 



Monongalia — Benjamin Wilson and 

Francis Warman. 
07) io — Ebenezer Zane and David 

Shepherd. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER IS, 1784, AND ENDING 
FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1785. 

SEN.VTORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford, 

Monongalia, Ohio, Yohogania John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Moses Hunter and Adam 1 Monongalia — Benjamin Wilson and 

Stephen. | Francis Warman. 

Oreenhrier — Andrew Donnally and Ohio — Ebenezer Zane and David 

George Clendenin. | Shepherd. 

Hampshire — Ralph Humphreys and 
Isaac Van Meter. 

. SESSION BEGINNING :\IONDAY. OCTOBER 17, 1785, AND ENDING 
JANUARY 20, 1786. 

SEXATOKS. 

Berkeley . Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia. Ohio, and Yohogania John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Moses Hunter and Philip ] Harrison — George Jackson and John 



Pendleton. 
Greenbrier — George Clendenin and 

Andrew Donnally. 
Hampshire — Isaac VanMeter and 



Prunty. 

Monongalia — David Scott and Wil- 
liam Pettyjohn. 

Ohio — David Bradford and David 



Ralph Humphreys. I Shepherd. 



1908] 



West Virgixiaxs ix the Vikoixia Assembly. 



107 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 16, 178G, AND ENDING 
THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1787. 

SE.XATOKS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Ohio and Yohogania John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — ■ James Campbell and 
Thomas Rutherford. 

Greenbrier — George Clendenin and 
James Henderson. 

Hampshire — Elias Poston and Sam- 
uel Dew. 

Hardy — Isaac Van Meter and Job 
Welton. 



Harrison — John Prunty and George 

Jackson. 
Monongalia — Thomas Pindell and 

David Scott. 
Ohio — William McMahon and Moses 

Chapline. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1787, AND ENDING 
MONDAY, JANUARY 30, 1788. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire and Hardy Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Ohio and Yohogania John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Thomas Rutherford and 

James Campbell. 
Greenbrier — George Clendenin and 

Henry Banks. 
Hampshire — Elias Poston and David 

Humphreys. 
Hardy — Job Welton and Isaac Van 

Meter. 



Harrison — George Jackson and John 
Prunty. 

Monongalia — William McCleery and 
Charles Martin. 

Ohio — William McMechen and Arch- 
ibald WoO'd. 



SESSION BEGINNING JUNE 23, 1788, AND ENDING MONDAY, JUNE 

30, 1788. 

SEXATOES. 

Monongalia, Ohio and Harrison John Pierce Duvall. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Robert Rutherford. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Philip Pendleton and Jo- 
seph Swearingen. 

Greenbrier — George Clendenin and 
Henry Banks. 

Hampshire — Samuel Dew and Wil- 
liam Heath. 



Harrison — Hezekiah Davisson and 

Charles Martin. 
Ohio — Archibald Wood. 
Randolph — Jonathan Parsons. 



SESSION BEGINNING OCTOBER 20, 1788, AND ENDING TUESDAY, 
DECE'xMBER 30, 1788. 

SEXATORS. 

Monongalia. Ohio. Randolph and Harrison ,Iohn Pierce Duvall. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Robert Rutherford. 



108 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



DELEG.' 

Berkeley — Philip Pendleton and Jo- 
seph Swearingen. 

Greenbrier — George Clendenin and 
Henry Banks. 

Hampshire — Samuel Dew and Rob- 
ert Parker. 

Hardy — William Heath and Isaac 
Van Meter. 



.TES. 

Harrison — Hezekiah Davisson and 
William Lowther. 

Monongalia — Charles Martin and 
Thomas Laidley. 

Ohio — Archibald Woods and Wil- 
liam McMechen. 

Randolph — Jonathan Parsons and 
John Elliott. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1789, AND ENDING 
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1789. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Ohio and Yohogania John Pierce Duvall. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — -Philip Pendleton and Jo- 
seph Swearingen. 

Greenbrier — Hugh Caperton and 
George Clendenin. 

Hampshire — Isaac Parsons and 
Isaac Miller. 

Harrison — John Prunty and George 
Jackson. 



Hardy — Isaac Van Meter and Wil- 
liam Heath. 

Monongalia — William McCleery and 
Thomas Pindell. 

Ohio — Archibald Woods. 

Pendleton — William Patton and Pe- 
ter Hull, Sr. 

Randolph — Jonathan Parsons and 
Cornelius Bogard. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1790, AND ENDING 
WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1790. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Ohio and Yohogania John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Andrew Waggener and 

Joseph Swearingen. 
Greenbrier — Thomas Edgar and 

William H. Cavendish. 
Hampshire — Isaac Parsons and 

Elias Poston. 
Hardy — Isaac Van Meter and George 

Stump, 
/farrison— George Jacfcson and John 

Prunty. 



Monongalia — John Evans, Jr., and 
William McCleery. 

Pendleton — William Patton and Pe- 
ter Hull, Sr. 

Ohio — Benjamin Riggs and John 
Henderson. 

Randolph — Cornelius Bogard and 
Abraham Claypoole. 



SESSION BEGINNING OCTOBER 17, 1791, AND ENDING DECEMBER 

20, 1791. 

SENATORS. 

Hampshire, Berkeley and Hardy, etc, Robert Rutherford. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison and Randolph John Pierce Duval!. 



1908] 



West Virginians in the Virginia Assembly. 



109 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Andrew Waggener. 

Greenhrier — William H. Cavendish 
and Hugh Caperton. 

Hampshire — Isaac Parsons and Ell- 
as Patton. 

Hardy — George Stump and Jonathan 
Parsony. 

Kanaioha — George Clendenin and 
Daniel Boone. 



Monongalia — John Evans and Thom- 
as Pindell. 

Ohio — William McMechen and Ben- 
jamin Biggs. 

Pe7uUet07i — William Patton and Pe- 
ter Hull, Sr. 

Randolph — Abraham Claypoole and 
Cornelius Bogard. 



SESSiON BEGINNING OCTOBER 1, 1792, AND ENDING DECEMBER 

28, 1792. 

SENATORS.* 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Col. John Smith. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison, and Randolph John Pierce Duvall. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Andrew Waggener and 

Robert Throckmorton. 
Greenhrier — Hugh Caperton and 

William H. Cavendish. 
Harrison — Hezekiah Davisson and 

John Haymond. 
Hardy- — George Stump and Jonathan 

Parsons. 
Hampshire — Elias Poston and Isaac 

Parsons. 



Kanawha — Henry Banks and Wil- 
liam Morris. 

Monongalia — John Dent and John 
Davis. 

Ohio — Archibald Woods and Charles 
Wells. 

Pendleton — William Patton and 
Jacob Conrad. 

Randolph — Cornelius Bogard and 
John Hadden. 



SESSION BEGINNING OCTOBER 21, 1793, AND ENDING DECEMBER 

13, 1793. 

SENATORS. t 

Berkeley, Hampshire, etc Col. John Smith. 

Monongalia, Ohio, etc Thomas Wilson. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — David Hunter and Henry Kanawha 



Bedinger. 
Greenhrier — John Hutcheson and 

William H. Cavendish. 
Hampshire — Elias Poston and Isaac 

Parsons. 
Harrison — John McCally and John 

Haymond. 
Hardy — • Jonathan Parsons and 

James Machir. 



George Clendenin and 

William Morris. 
Monongalia — William John and 

John Davis. 
Ohio — Benjamin Biggs and Charles 

Wells. 
Pe-ndleton — Robert Davis and Jacob 

Conrad. 
Randolph — Abraham Claypoole and 

John Hadden. 



*NOTE. — At this time Greenbrier county, lay in a Senatorial District with 
Southwest Virginia counties, represented by General \Yilliam Russell of Washington 
county : while Penflleton county was in a District whose representative wa"^; 
Colonel Sampson Mathews of Augusta county. General Russell and Colonel Mathews 
were heroes of the battle of Point Pleasant, fought October 10, 1774. — V. A. L. 

tNoTE. — Pendleton county was at this time in a Senatorial District, with coun- 
ties in the Shenandoah Valley, represented by Alexander St. Clair. — V. A. L. 



110 



Archia'es a:s-d Histoev. 



[W. Va. 



SESSION BEGINNING NOVEMBER 11, 1794, AND ENDING DECEMBER 

27, 1794. 

SEXATORS. 

Berkeley, HamjJShire, etc Col. John Smith. 

Mononcialia, Ohio, etc Thomas Wilson. 



DELEGATES 

Berkeley — David Hunter and Henry 

Bedinger. 
Greenbrier — William H. Cavendish 

and John Hutcheson. 
Hampshire. — Isaac Parsons and 

Francis White. 
Harrison — George Jackson and John 

Haymond. 
Kanawlia — William Morris and 

George Clendenin. , 



Monongalia — John Evans and John 
Davis. 

Ohio — Benjamin Biggs and Charles 
Wells. 

Pendleton—'PeieY Hull, Sr., and Ol- 
iver McCoy. 

Hardy- — James ^lachir. 

Randolph — Abraham Claypoole and 
James Hadden. 



SESSION BEGINNHSTG TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 10, 179.5, AND END- 
ING DECEMBER 29, 179-3. 

SENATORS. t 

Berkeley, Hampshire. Hardy, etc Hugh Holmes.* 

Greenbrier. Kanaicha. etc John Preston. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison, and Randolph Thomas Wilson. 



DELEGATES. 



BerfceZt'y-rElisha Boyd and Richard 
Baylor. 

Greenbrier — William H. Cavendish 
and John Hutcheson. 

Hampshire — Elias Boston and Isaac 
Parsons. 

Harrison — John Haymond and Max- 
well Armstrong. 

Hardy ■ — ■ James INIachir and Adam 
Fisher. 



Kanaicha — Thomas. Lewis and 
George Clendenin. 

Monongalia — John Evans, Jr., and 
Peregrine Foster. 

Ohio — Charles AVells and John Con- 
nell. 

Pendleton — Peter Hull, Sr., and Ja- 
cob Conrad. 

Randolph — Robert Green and Corne- 
lius Bogard. 



SESSION BEGINNING TUESDAY, NOA'EMBER 8, 179G. AND ENDING 
DECEMBER 27, 1796. 



SENATORS.) 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Col. John Smith. 

Greenbrier, Kanawha, etc John Preston. 

Monongalia. Ohio. Harrison, and Randolph Thomas Wilson. 



*NoTE. — Prpderick county, now in Virginia, was then in the Senatorial District 
with Borlveley. Hampshire, and Hardy, and Hugh Holmes, probably resided at Win- 
chester, in tliat county. — V. A. L. 



tNoTE. — Pendleton county was then in a Senatorial District composed of sev- 
eral counties now in Virginia. It was represented by John Oliver. — V. A. L. 



1908] 



West Viegi.xiaxs ix tuk Virgixia Assembly. 



Ill 



DELEG 

Berkeley — -Elisha Boyd aud Wil- 
liam Lemon. 

Greenbrier — -William H. Cavendish 
and John Hutcheson. 

Hampshire — Alexander King, Isaac 
Parsonst and Fielding Calmes$. 

Harrison — George Arnold and Max- 
well Armstrong. 

Hardy — James ^Machir and Adam 
Fisher. 



VTES. 

Kanawha — William Clendenin and 

AVilliam Morris, Jr. 
Monongalia — John Evans, Jr.^ and 

John Dent. 
Ohio — Charles Wells and Charles 

Connell. 
Pendleton — Peter H'lill, Sr., and 

Robert Davis. 
Randolph — Robert Green and John 

Chenoweth. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 4. 1797. AND ENDING JANUARY 

2.5, 1798. 



SEXATOUS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire. Hardy, etc Hugh Holmes. 

Greenbrier, Kanawha, etc John Preston. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison and Randolph John Haymond. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Elisha Boyd and John 

■ Dixon. 

Greenbrier — William H. Cavendish 

and John Hutcheson. 
Hampshire — Elias Poston and John 

Snyder. 
Harrison — Benjamin Robinson and 

George Arnold. 
Hardy — Jacob Fisher and Christian 

Simons. 



Ohio — Charles Wells and Archibald 

Woods. 
Kanawha — E'dmond Graham and 

William Morris, Jr. 
Monongalia — William INIcCleery and 

John Evans, Jr. 
Pendleton — Peter Hull, Sr., and 

James Reed. 
Randolph — John Hadden and Adam 

See. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 
JANUARY 26, 1799. 



1798, AND ENDING 



SEX \TORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire. Hardy, etc Hugh Holmes. 

Greenbrier. Kanawha, etc John Preston. 

Monongalia. Ofiio. Randolph, and Harrison John Haymond. 



DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Magnus Tate and Alex- i Kanairha 

ander White, Jr. 
Brooke — William Caldwell and John 

G. Young. 
Greenbrier — 'WiUiam H. Cavendish 

and John Mathews. 
Hampshire — Fielding Calmes and 

John Higgins. 



Thomas Lewis and Jo- 
seph Ruffner. 

Monongalia — John Evans, Jr. and 
Thomas Wilson. 

Ohio — Benjamin Biggs and Ebenezer 
Zane. 

Pendleton — William Mackey and 
Jacob Hull, Sr. 



tisaac Parsons died during the Session. 

:j1"iekling Calmes was elected to fill the vacancy caused l)y the death of Isaac 
Parsons. 



112 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Hardy — Jacob Fisher and Christian 

Simons. 
Harrison — .John G. Jackson and 

John Prunty. 



Randolph — William B. Wilson and 
John H'adden. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1799, AND ENDING 
JANUARY 28, 1800. 



Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Charles McGill. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison, and Randolph John Raymond. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Magnus Tate and Alex- 
ander White, Jr. 

Brooke— 26hn G. Young and Rob- 
ert* Caldwell. 

Greew&rie?'— John Mathews and Wil- 
liam Cavendish. 

Hampshire — Fielding Calmes and 
John Higgins. 

Hardy — Jacob Fisher and Christian 
Simons. 

Harrison — John Prunty and John G- 
Jackson. 



Eanaivha — Thomas Lewis and David 
Ruffner. 

Monongalia — John Evans and Thom- 
as Wilson. 

Ohio — Benjamin Biggs and Ebene- 
zer Zane. 

Pendeton — William McCoy and Ja- 
cob Hull, Sr. 

Randolph — William B. Wilson and 
John Hadden. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER, 1, 1800, AND ENDING JANUARY 

23, 1801. 



Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Charles McGill. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Randolph, and Harrison John Haymond. 

Greenbrier, Kanawha, etc John Preston. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — James Stevenson and 
Alexander White, Jr. 

Brooke — John G. Young and Fran- 
cis McGuire. 

Greenbrier — John Mathews and Jo- 
seph Hanna. 

Hampshire — Osborn Sprigg and 
John Higgins. 

Hardy — Jacob Fisher and Christian 
Simons 

Harrison — John Prunty and John 
G. Jackson. 

Kanawha — William Morris. 



Monongalia — William John and 
Benjamin Reeder. 

Monroe — William Haynes and John 
G ray. 

Ohio — William McKinley and Hen- 
ry Smith. 

Pendleton — William McCoy and Ja- 
cob Hull, Sr. 

Randolph — Adam See and William 
B. Wilson. 

Wood — Hugh Phelps and John G. 
Henderson. 



*yirginia Almanac for ISOO, has William instead of Robert. 



1908] 



West Vikgixiaxs in the Virgixia Assembly. 



113 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1801, AND ENDING 
FEBRUARY 2, 1802. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, Hardy, etc Charles McGill. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Randolph, and Harrison John Haymond. 

Greenbrier, Kanawha, etc John Pi-eston. 

DELEGATES.* 

Berkeley — Joseph Crane and Jam(3S ; Kanawha — William Clendenin and 

Stevenson. | David Ruffner. 

Brooke — John G. Young and Fran- Monroe — John Gray and John Un- 



cis McGuire. 

Greenbrier — John Mathews and 
Thomas Bowyer. 

Hampshire — Osburn Sprigg and 
John Higgins. 

Hardy — Jacob Fisher and Christian 
Simons. 

Harrison — John Prunty and Dan- 
iel Davisson. 



derwood. 
Ohio — Henry Smith and William 

McKinley. 
Pendleton — William McCoy and 

Jacob Hull, Sr. 
Randolph — Adam See and William 

B. Wilson. 
Wood — Hugh Phelps and Hezekiah 

Bukey. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1802, AND ENDING 
JANUARY 29, 1803. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, and Hardy Lewis A. Washington. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison and Randolph Thomas Wilson. 

DELEGA'I KS. 



Berkeley — Magnus Tate and James 
Stevenson. 

Brooke — John G. Young and Wil- 
liam Brown. 

Greenbrier — 'James W. Mathews 
and William H. Cavendish. 

Hampshire — Osburn Sprigg and Ja- 
cob Jenkins. 

Hardy — Jacob Fisher and Christian 
Simons. 

Harrison — Daniel Davisson and 
John Prunty. 

Jefferson — Joseph Crane and Jacob 
Manning. 



Kanawha — Robert McKee and Da- 
vid Ruffner. 

Monongalia — William John and 
Dudley Evans. 

Monroe — John Monroe and John 
Gray. 

Ohio — John Morgan and John Mills. 

Pendeton — William McCoy and Ja- 
cob mill, Sr. 

Randolph — William B. Wilson and 
John H'adden. 

Wood — Edward Stevenson and John 
G. Henderson. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1803, AND ENDING 

FEBRUARY 2, 1804. 

SENATORS. 

No record of West Virginia Membership in the Senate, has been found. — 
T. A. L. 



♦Note. — From some cause Monongalia county appears not to have been repre- 
sented in this Session. — V. A. L. 



114 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — James Campbell and 
Magnus Tate. 

Brooke — Francis McGuire and John 
G. Young. 

Greenhrier — John Mathews and 
William H. Cavendish. 

Hampshire — Jacob Jenkins and 
John Snyder. 

Hardy — Christian Simons and Ja- 
cob Fisher. 

Harrison — John Prunty and Ed- 
ward Jackson. 

Jefferson — George Tate and Abra- 
ham Morgan. 



Kanaxcha — William Clendenin and 

Andrew Donnally, Jr. 
Monongalia — Dudley Evans and 

William G. Payne. 
Moiiroe — John Gray and David Gra- 
ham. 
Ohio — William McKinley and John 

Morgan. 
Pendleton — Peter Hull, Sr., and 

William McCoy. 
RandolpW-^Sohn Hadden and Math- 

ew Whitman. 
Wood — H'ezekiah Bukey and John 

G. Henderson. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1804, AND ENDING 
FEBRUARY 1, 1805. 



SENATORS. 



Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Lewis Wolfe. 

Green'brier, Kanaivha, etc Daniel Sheffey.* 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Elisha fioyd and Samuel ' Kanaivha — David Ruffner and Car- 



Boyd. 

Brooke — Moses Congleton and Rob- 
ert Caldwell. 

Greenbrier — John Mathews and 
James Anderson. 

Hampshire — Thomas MuUady and 
John Snyder. 

Hardy — Christian Simons and Ja- 
cob Fisher. 

Harrison — John Prunty and Na- 
thaniel Davisson. 

Jefferson — George Tate and Abra- 
ham Morgan. 



roll Morris. 

Monongalia — Benjamin Reeder and 
Dudley Evans. 

Monroe — John Gray and David Gra- 
ham. 

Ohio — John Mills and John Morgan. 

Pendleton — 'Peter Hull, Sr., and 
John Davis. 

Randolph — William Wilson and 
William Ball. 

Wood — Jacob Beeson and John 
Neel. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1805, AND ENDING 
FEBRUARY G, 1806. 



SEX.\TORS. 



Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Lewis Wolfe. 

Green'brier, Kanav:>ha, etc Daniel Sheffey. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison and Randolph Philip Doddridge. 

Pendleton, etc James Allen. 



*NoTB. — Daniel Sheffey resided at Staunton in Augusta, that county then be- 
ing in the Senatorial District with Greenbrier and Kanawha.- — V. A. L. 



1908] 



West Virgixiaxs ix the Virgixia Assembly. 



115 



DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Mathew Ranson and Kanatuha 
Philip C. Pendleton. 

Brooke — Moses Congleton. 

Greenbrier — William Morrow and 
James Anderson. 

Hampshire — John Snyder and Wil- 
liam Donaldson. 

Hardy — Christian Simons and Ja- 
cob Fisher. 

Harrison — John Prunty and Isaac 
Coplin. 

Jefferso7i — Daniel Morgan and Jo- 
seph Crane. 



William Morris and N. 
Wood. 

Monongalia — Dudley Evans and 
Benjamin Reeder. 

jMonrve — John Gray and John 
Woodward. 

Ohio — Thomas Evans and John 
Morgan. 

Pendleton — Jolan Davis and Na- 
thaniel Pendleton. 

Randolph — Jacob Kittle and Wil- 
liam Ball. 

Wood — Thomas Tavenner and 
James G. Laidley. 

SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1806, AND ENDING 
JANUARY 27, 1807. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc ■ Lewis Wolfe. 

Mono7i(jalia, Ohio, Harrison and Randolph Philip Doddridge. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkecy — Philip C. Pendleton and 

James Stevenson. 
Brobke — Moses Congleton and Geo. 

Edgington. 
Greenbrier — James Anderson and 

Linah Mimms. 
Hampshire — John Snyder and Wil- 
liam Donaldson. 
ITarrti!/— Christian Simons and John 

Cunningham. 
tiarrison — Elias Lowther and John 

Prunty. 
•Jefferson — James Hite and Daniel 

Morgan. 
Kanawha — John Reynolds and Ed- 

mond Morris. 



Mason — Jesse Bennett and John 

Henderson. 
Monongalia — Dudley Evans and 

Benjamin Reeder. 
Monroe — Andrew Bierne and Isaac 

Estill. 
Ohio — William Irwin and William 

McKinley. 
Pendleton — John Davis and Roger 

Dyer. 
Randolph — William Marteney and 

Nicholas Gibson. 
Wood — James G. Laidley and Thom- 
as Tavenner. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1807, AND ENDING 
FEBRUARY 10, 1808. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc. Lewis Wolfe. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison and Randolph Philip Doddridge. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Aaron Paris, Philip P. 
Wilson* and Philip C. Pendleton.* 



Mason — John Allen and John Hen- 
derson. 



*NOTE. — Philip P. Wilson rlipd early in the Session and Philip C. Pendleton was 
elected to fill vacancy thus caused. 



316 



Archives and Histoby. 



[W. Va. 



j^rooke — Moses Conglelon a-d Geo. [ Monongalia — Benjamin Reeder and 

William G. Payne. 
Monroe — Andrew Biern 
Estill 



Bdgington. 
Oreenhrler — Linah Mimms >nd 
William Morow 



e and Isaac 

and John 

Morgan. 
P 

'lleton — Isaac Hinkle and Peter 

mi' ''■ 
"" \ 'h — Nicholas Gibson and 

^^^^^''^Martenev. 
Wood — T. „ ^ ^ 

_ nas Tavenner and Ja- 
cob Beesv 



William Morow. Estill. 

Hampshire— 3 ohn Higgins and Wil- OTiio— William Irwin 

liam Donaldson. | Morgan, 

^arrfy— Christian Simons and John 

Cunningham. 
H«m60H-Elias Lowther and John 

Prunty. 
je/ferson— Carver Willis and Smith 

Slaughter. 
Kanawha - William Morris and 

John Reynolds. 

SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY DECEMBER 5. 180,^^^ ^^^^^^ 
FEBRUARY IS, Ihm. 

StNATOUS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc • ■ • ■ • ' '^^'^^^is Wolfe. 

GreenbrieY, Kanawha, etc ■ • • • philip " Smith. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison and Bandolph .... • • • • • ■■■ -^^^idridge. 
Pendleton, etc Smith. 

PEl-El.ATFS. 

,„.,.,„_.a™. .a,., an. Geo,., , -;-;"-- '--- k. 

j;„rlts Coa.eto. a„. Ceo. j -:;-- -^ t P 
Edgington, ' _. _. 

Greenbrier-William Morrow and 
Dennis McLaughlin. 

Hanvpshir e-ioMn Higgins and Wil- 
liam Donaldson. 

jj„,.rty_-Christian Simons and John 
Cunningham. . 

Horri.son-John Prunty and Elias 

Lowther. 
je/rerso«-Aaron Willis and Smitli 

Slaughter. 



Jlioriroe— Andrew Bierne ant 

Estill. ^^ 

(-;,lo — William Irwin and < 

Miller. ^^ 

Pendleton — Veiev Hull, Jr 

John Davis. ^ 

Randolph — Nicholas Gibson 

William Marteney. ^ 

^Vood— James Tavenner and J 

Beeson. 



Slaugnter. _,,^t^ 

SENATORS. 

Lewis Wo 

Berkeley, Hampshire and Hardy - -- •■;•■• ^^.^^ ooddric 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison and Bandolph 

DELEGATES. 

T^tP and Philip 1 Kanaicha-^ John Reynolds and 
Berfceley-Magnus Tate and PhU ^_^^ ^^^^^^^.^^ 

.""■uTtme. Wilson and John | 31«.o«-John Allen and John 
J? roofce— James i Culloch. 

G. Young. ' 



1908] 



West Viegixians ix the Virginia Assembly. 



117 



Cabell — Elisha Wesley McComas Monongalia — John Fairfax and 



and Manoah Bostick. 

Greenbrier — John Mays and Dennis 
McLaughlin. 

Hampshire — Alexander King and 
Francis White. 

Hardy — Christian Simons and Ja- 
cob Claypoole. 

Harrison — John Priinty and Allison 
Clarke. 

Jefferson — William Tate and Abra- 
ham Morgan. 



Ralph Berkshire. 
Monroe — John Gray and William 

Graham. 
Ohio — John Morgan and Abraham 

Birckhead. 
Pendleton — Peter Hull, Jr., and 

John Davis. 
Randolph — Adam See and William 

Marteney. 
Wood — Jacob Beeson and James G. 

I,aidley. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 3, 1810, AND ENDING 
FEBRUARY 14, 1811. 

senators. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, Hardy, etc Lewis Wolfe. 

Cabell, Greenbrier, Kanaivha, Mason, etc Francis Smith. 

Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio, Randolph, etc James Pindall. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 

delegates. 



Berkeley — Magnus Tate and George 
Porterfield. 

Brooke — James Wilson and John G. 
Young. 

Cabell — Elisha Wesley McComas 
and Jesse Spurlock. 

Greenbrier — Linah Mimms and Bal- 
lard Smith. 

Hampshire — Francis "UTiite and 
Alexander King. 

Hardy — Christian Simons and Ja- 
cob Claypoole. 

Harrison — John Prunty and Isaac 
Coplin. 

Jefferson- — Daniel Morgan and Ra- 
leigh Morgan. 



Kanaivha — John Reynolds and Clau- 
dius Buster. 
Mason — John McCulloch. 
Monongalia — ■ Dudley Evans and 

John Nicklin. 
Monro6 — John Gray and Hugh Ca- 

perton. 
Ohio — John Morgan and Abraham 

Birckhead. 
Pendleton — Peter Hull, Jr., and 

John Fisher. 
Randolph — William Marteney and 

James Booth. 
Wood — Jacob Beeson and John 

Neel. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1811, AND ENDING 
, FEBRUARY 21, 1812. 

senators. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Lewis Wolfe. 

Cabell, Greenbrier, Kanatvha. Mason, etc Francis Smith. 

Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio, Randolph James Pindall. 

Pendleton, etc Charles Johnson. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley— '^hoxms Shearer and An- I Kanawha — John Hansford and Da- 
drew Waggener, Jr. vid Ruffner. 



118 



Archives a>:d History. 



[W. Va. 



Brooke -=- James Wilson and John 

G. Young. 
Cabell — Elisha Wesley McComas 

and Thomas Ward. 
Greenbrier — Ballard Smith and 

William Morrow. 
Hampshire — Alexander King and 

^James White. 
Hardy — Christian Simons and 

James Machir. 
Harrison — Isaac Coplin and John 

G. Jackson. 
Jefferson — Thomas Griggs, Jr., and 

Raleigh Morgan. 



.l/«.so>? — John Henderson and John 
Cantrell. 

Monongalia — Dudley Evans and 
John Nicklin. 

Monroe — Hugh Caperton and John 
Gray. 

Ohio — John Morgan and William 
Irwin. 

Pendleton — Peter Hull, Jr., and Rob- 
ert P. Flannagan. 

Bandolph — James Booth and Wil- 
liani Martenej-. 

^Yood — Thomas Tavenner and Ja- 
cob Beeson. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1812, AND ENDING 
FEBRUARY 23, 1813. 



SEXATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, Hardy, etc Lewis Wolfe. 

Greenbrier, Kanawha, Mason, Cabell, etc Francis Smith. 

Monongalia, Ohio, Harrison, and Randolph James Pindall. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Edward Colston and 
George Porterfield. 

Brooke — James Wilson and John 
Eddie. 

Cabell — Elisha Wesley McComas 
and Manoah Bostick. 

Greenbrier — Ballard Smith and 
William Morrow. 

Hampshire — Francis White and Al- 
exander King. 

Hardy — James Machir and Samuel 
McMechen. 

Harrison — Isaac Coplin and Wil- 
liam Newland. 

Jefferson — Raleigh Morgan and 
William Tate. 



Kanaicha — David Cartmill and 

John Hansford. 
Mason — John Henderson and John 

Cantrell. 
Monongalia — Dudley Evans and 

Felix Scott. 
Monroe — Hugh Caperton and John 

Gray. 
Ohio — William Irwin and Adam 

Faris. 
Pendleton — Peter Hull, Jr., and Rob- 
ert P. Flannagan. 
Randolph — Edwin 'S. Duncan and 

William Marteney. 
Wood — John Stockley and Joseph 

Tomlinson. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, MAY, 17, 1813, AND ENDING MAY 26, 

1814. 



SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Alfred H. Powell. 

Cabell, Greenbrier, Eanaivha, Mason, etc Henry Chapman. 

Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio, Randolph, etc Noah Zane. 

Pendl^on, etc Chapman Johnson. 



190S] 



West Vikgikians in the Virginia Assembly. 



119 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — E'lisha Boyd and Edward 

Colston. 
Brooke — John Edie and William 

Brown. 
Cahell — John Morris and Edmund 

McGinnis. 
Greenbrier — William Morrow and 

John Mathews. 
Hampshire — Fred§rick Sheets and 

George Sharfe. 
Hardy — Vincent Williams and Sam- 
uel McMechin. 
Harrison — Daniel Morgan and Geo. 

J. Davisson. 
Jefferson — George W. Humphreys 

and Robert Worthington. 



Kanawha — John Hansford and Jno. 
Wilson. 

Mason — John Cantrell and William 
Clendenin. 

Monongalia — Dudley Evans and Fe- 
lix Scott. 

Monroe — Adam Thomas and John 
Gray. 

Ohio — William Irwin and Adam 
Faris. 

Pendleton — Peter Hull, Jr., and Na- 
thaniel Pendleton. 

Randolph — John M. Harte and Wil- 
liam Marteney. 

Wood — Joseph "Tomlinson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 6, 1813, AND ENDING FEBRUARY 

14, 1814. 

SENATORS. 

BerkeJeiy, Hatnpshlre, Hardy, etc Alfred H. Powell. 

Cabell, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Mason, etc Henry Chapman. 

Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio, Randolph, etc Noah Zane. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Elisha Boyd and Ed- i Kanatvha — John Wilson and John 



mund Colston. 
Brooke — John Eddie and William 

Brown. 
Cabell — John Morris and Edmund 

McGinnis. 
Greenbrier — William Morrow and 

John Mathews. 
Hampshire — George Sharpe and 

Frederick Sheetz. 
Hardy — Samuel McMechen and Vin- 
cent Williams. 
Harrison — Daniel Morris and Geo. 

J. Davisson. 
■Jefferson. — George W. Humphreys 

and Robert Worthington. 



Hansford. 

Mason — John Cantrell and William 
Clendenin. 

Monongalia — Dudley Evans and Fe- 
lix Scott. 

Monroe — John Gray and Adam 
Thomas. 

Ohio — William Irwin and Adam 
Faris. 

Pendleton — Peter Hull, Jr., and Na- 
thaniel Pendleton. 

Randolph — John M. Harte and Wil- 
liam Marteney. 

Wood — John Stokeley and Joseph 
Tomlinson. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1814, AND ENDING 
JANUARY 19, 1815. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Alfred H. Powell. 

Cabell, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Mason, etc Henry Chapman. 



120 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio, and Randolph Noah. Zane. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — George Newkirk and 

John R. Cooke. 
Brooke — John Eddie and William 

Brown. 
Cabell — Elisha Weslej- McComas and 

Manoah Bostick. 
Greenbrier — John Mathews and 

James McLaughlin. 
Hanipshir6 — George Sharpe and 

Edward McCarty. 
Hardy — ■ Vincent Williams and 

Charles A. Turley.' 
Harrison — John Prunty and James 

McCally. 
Jefferson — George W. Humphreys 

and Thomas Van Swearingen. 



KanaxisJia — John Hansford and John 

Wilson. 
Mason — John McCuUoch and John 

Cantrell. 
Monongalia — Dudley EVans and 

John Fairfax. 
Monroe — John Gray and Adam 

Thomas. 
Ohio — John Irwin and Adam Paris. 
Pendleton — Peter Hull, Jr., and Na- 
thaniel Pendleton. 
Randolph — Adam See and William 

Marteney. 
Wood — John Stokeley and Hezekiah 

Bukey. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1815, AND ENDING 
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1816. 



Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Alfred H. Powell. 

Cabell, Greenbrier, Kanaicha, Mason, etc Henry Chapman. 

Harrison, Monongalia. Ohio and Randolph Noah Zane. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Andrew Waggener and 

Archibald Shearer. 
Brooke — John Eddie and Philip 

Doddridge. 
Cabell — John Morris and Elisha 

Wesley McComas. 
Greenbrier — James McLaughlin and 

William Morrow. 
Hampshire — George Sharpe and 

Warner Throckmorton. 
Hardy — Christian Simons and Chas. 

A. Turley. 
Harrison — Joseph Johnson and Ed- 
ward B. Jackson. 
Jefferson — George W. Humphreys 

and Thomas Van Swearingen. 
Kanawha — John Wilson and John 

Hansford. 



Mason — John McCulloch and John 

Cantrell. 
Monongalia — Dudley Evans and 

John Wagner. 
Monroe — John Gray and Conrad Pe- 
ters. 
Ohio — William Irwin and Adam 

Paris. 
Pendleto7i — Peter Hull, Jr., and 

John Hopkins. 
Randolph — Adam See and William 

Daniels. 
Tyler — John McCoy and Arthur In- 

ghram. 
Wood — Hezekiah Bukey and John 

Stokeley. 



190S] 



West Viegixiaxs ix the Virginia Assembly. 



121 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 1816, AND ENDING 
FEBRUARY 22, 1817. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, etc Alfred H. Powell. 

Cabell, Greenbrier, Kanawha, Mason, etc General Francis Preston. 

Brooke, Monongalia, Ohio and Tyler George I. Davison. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 



Berkeley — George Porterfield and 
Edward Colston. 

Brooke — John Eddie and Philip 
Doddridge. 

Cabell — John Smith and Andrew 
Burnett. 

Greenbrier — Charles H'yde and John 
Mathews. 

Hampshire — James Daily and Ed- 
ward McCarty. 

Hardy — John Craigen and Jacob 
Miller. 

Harrison — John McWhorter and Ed- 
ward B. Jackson. 

Jefferson — William P. Craighill and 
Daniel Morgan. 

Kanawha — Thomas L. Buster and 
John Wilson. 



DELEGATES. 

I Mason — Enos Thomas and Charles 
! Clendenin. 

Monongalia — Thomas Wilson and 
Ralph Berkshire. 

Monro0 — John Gray and Adam 
Thomas. 

Ohio — William Irwin and Alexander 
Caldwell. 

Pendleton — Jesse Hinkle and Har- 
mon V. Given (Gwinn?). 

Randolph — Isaac Booth and Wil- 
liam Marteney. 

Tyler — John McCoy and Arthur In- 
gh-^r,i, 

Wood — John Stokeley and Hezekiah 
Bukey. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1817, AND ENDING 
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1818. 



SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire. Hardy 

Brooke, Monongalia. Ohio. Preston, and Tyler George I. Davison. 

Cabell. Harrison, Kanawha and Wood 

Greenbrier, Monroe, etc Francis Preston, 

■Jefferson, etc Alfred H. Powell 

Pendleton, etc -. Chapman Johnson. 



Berkeley — Israel Robinson 

Archibald S. Portei-field. 
Brooke — ■ John Eddie and William 

Brown. 
Cabell — Elisha Wesley McComas 

and Edward McGinnis. 
Greenbrier — Berry B. Wethered and 

James McGlothlin. 
Hampshire — Edward McCarty and 

William Naylor. 



DELEGATES. 

and . Leicis — John McWhorter and John 

Bozarth. 
Mason — John Henderson and John 

Cantrell. 
Monongalia — John Wagner and 

Thomas Byrne. 
Monroe — Isaac Estill and Conrad 

Peters. 
Ohio — William Irwin and Isaac Lef- 

fier. 



122 



Archives aad History. 



[W. Va. 



Hardy — Jacob Miller and Christian 
Simons. 

Harrison — John Davisson and Ed- 
ward B. Jackson. 

Jefferson — ■ George W. Humphreys 
and George Reynolds. 

Kanaioha — Lewis Summers and 
John Hansford. 



Pendleton — John Hopkins and Jesse 
Hinkle. 

Randolph — Isaac Booth and Wil- 
liam Marleney. 

Tyler — John McCoy and William 
Wells. 

Wood — John P. Mayberry and Jacob 
Beeson. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1818, AND ENDING 
SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1819. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampsliire, Hardy 

Cahell, Harrison, Kanawha, Lewis, Randolph, and Wood .... 



Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas, etc Francis Preston. 

Jefferson, etc Alfred H. Powell. 

Ohio, Brooke, Tyler. Monongalia and Freston George I. Davisson. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 



DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Israel Robinson and , Mason 
Archibald Porterfield. 

Brooke — John Eddie and William 
Brown. 

Cabell — Elisha Wesley McComas 
and Edward McGinnis. 

Greenbrier^-J an^es McLaughlin and 
Charles Hyde. 

Hampshire — Francis White and 
William Armstrong. 

Hardy — James Machir and Jesse 
Cunningham. 

Harrison — John Davisson and Jo- 
seph Johnson. 

Jefferson — Daniel Morgan and Ben- 
jamin Davenport. 

Kanawha — John Hansford and Phil- 
ip R. Thompson. 

Leuns — John Bozarth and Edward 
Jackson. 



John Cantrell and James 
M. H. Beale. 

Monongalia — Dudley Evans and 
John AVagner. 

Monroe — William Vass and William 
Vawter. 

Ohio — Moses W. Chapline and Isaac 
Leffler. 

Pendleton — John Hopkins and John 
Cunningham. 

Preston — Frederick Marsh and Wil- 
liam Sigler. 

Randolph — Isaac Booth and Wil- 
liam Marteney. 

Tyler — William Wells and William 
Delashmutt. 

Wood — Hezpkiah Bukey and Isaac 
Morris. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1819, AND ENDING 
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1820. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire; Hardy William Throckmorton. 

Greenbrier, Monroe, etc Andrew Hamilton. 

Jefferson, etc Harry St. George Tucker. 

Brooke, Harrison. Monongalia. Ohio, Tyler and Randolph. .George I. Davis- 
son. 
Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 



1908] 



West Virginians ix the Virgin'ia Assembly. 



123 



delegates. 



Berkeley — Joel Ward and John Por- | Mason — John Cantrell and John 



terfield. 
Brooke — John Eddie and George 

Edgington. 
Cabell — John Laidley and Edmund 

McGinnis. 
Greenbrier — William Smith and 

James McLaughlin. 
Hampshire — Francis White and 

William Armstrong. 
Hardy — Jethro Nevill and Jesse 

Cunningham. 
Harrison — Joseph Johnson and 

Humphrey Paris. 
Jefferson — - Braxton Davenport and 

Edward Lucas, Jr. 
Kanawha — Claudius Buster and Jo- 
seph Lovell. 
Leiois — John McWhorter and John 

Raymond. 



Henderson. 
Monongalia — Alphius L. Wilson and 

Dudley Evans. 
Monroe — William Vass and Michael 

Erskine. 
Nicholas — Edward Ryan and Wil- 
liam Hamilton. 
Ohio — William Irwin and William 

Chapline. 
Pendleton — Thomas Jones and 

James Johnson. 
Preston — Frederick Marsh and John 

Fairfax. 
Randolph — Samuel Ball and Isaac 

Booth. 
Tyler — William Wells and William 

Delashmutt. 
Wood — Isaac Morris and Hezekiah 

Bukey. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1820, AND ENDING 
TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 1821. 

sexatoes. 

Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas Andrew Hamilton. 

Jefferson, etc Harry St. George Tucker. 

Hampshire, Berkeley and Hardy William Throckmorton. 

Kanawha, Mason, Cabell, Randolph and Lewis 

Ohio, Brooke, Tyler, Monongalia and Preston George I. Davisson. 



delegates. 



Berkeley — Joel Ward and John Por- 
terfield. 

Brooke — John Eddie and Philip 
Doddridge. 

Cabell — Edmund McGinnis and 
Elisha Wesley McComas. 

Ch-eenbrier — James McLaughlin and 
Pierre B. Wethered. 

Hampshire — Francis White and Ed- 
ward McCarty. 

Hardy — James Machir and Chris- 
tian Simons. 

Harrison — Lemuel E. Davisson and 
Daniel Kincheloe. 

Jefferson — Edward Lucus, Jr., and 
Braxton Davenport. 

Kanaivha — Joseph Lovell and Na- 
thaniel Thompson. 



and 



Monongalia — John Wagner 

Thomas S. Haymond. 
Monroe — William Vass and John 

Gray. 
Morgan — John Sherrard and Robert 

Gustin. 
Nicholas — William Hamilton and 

David Stewart. 
Ohio — William McKinley and Moseg 

W. Chapline. 
Preston — John Fairfax and Nathan 

Ashby. 
Pendleton — Thomas Jones and 

James Johnson. 
Randolph — Daniel H'art and Wil- 
liam Marteney. 
Tyler — William Wells and John 

Witten. 



124 



Archives axo History. 



[W. Va. 



Lewis — John Haymond and Joliii 

McWhorter. 
Mason — John Cantrell and John 

Henderson. 



Wood — Isaac Morris and David 
Creel. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY. DIJCEMBER 3, 1821, AND ENDING 
MONDAY, MARCH 4, 1822. 



SENATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan William Throckmorton. 

Brooke, Monongalia, Ohio, Preston and Tyler Alpheus P. Wilson. 

Cabell, Harrison, Kanaivha. Lewis, Mason, Randolph and WoofZ.. Edwin S. 

Duncan. 

Greenbrier ,Monroe, Nicholas, etc Andrevi^ Hamilton. 

Jeffehson, etc Harry St. George Tucker. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Levi Henshaw and Rich- 
ard Claggett. 

Brooke — Richard Bi'own and Robert 
Hartford. 

Cabell — Edmund McGinnis and Al- 
exander Catlett. 

Greenbrior — John Mays and Pierre 
B. Wethered. 

Hampshire — Francis White and 
Ephraim Dunn. 

Hardy — Jethro Nevill and Jacob 
Miller. 

Harrison — Joseph Johnson and Jed- 
ediah W. Goff. 

Jefferson — Smith Slaughter and Ed- 
ward Lucus, Jr. 

Kanawha — Joseph Lovell and Lewis 
Ruffner. 

Leiris — John Bozarth and Lewis 
Maxwell. 

Mason — John Cantrell and Peter H. 
Steenbergen. 



Monongalia — Thomas S. Haymond 
and Charles S. Morgan. 

Monroe — William Vass and Michael 
Erskine. 

Morgan — John Sherrard and Igna- 
tius O'Ferrell. 

Nicholas — William Hamilton and 
Hedgman Trippett. 

Ohio — William Chapline and James 
Shannon. 

Pendleton — John Dice and Thomas 
Jones. 

Preston — John Fairfax and Nathan 
Ashby. 

Randolph — Isaac Booth and Wil- 
liam Marteney. 

Tyler — John McCoy and William 
Delashmutt. 

Wood — Isaac Morris and Hezekiah 
Bukey. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY. DECEMBER 2, 1822, AND ENDING 
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1823. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan William Throckmorton. 

Brooke. Monongalia. Ohio. Preston and. Tyler Alpheus P. Wilson. 

Cabell, Harrison. Lewis, Mason. Randolph and WoocZ.. Edwin S. Duncan. 

Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas, etc John Brown. 

Jeffen-son, etc Harry St. George Tucker. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 



1908] 



West Virginians ix the Virgixia Assembly. 



125 



Berkeley — Richard Claggett 
Levi Henshaw. 

Brooke — Robert Hartford and Phil- 
ip Doddridge. 

Cabell — John Everett, Jr., and Fred- 
erick G. L. Beuhring. 

Greentrier — John Mays and Pierre 
B. Wethered. 

Hampshire — Francis White and 
Ephraim Dunn. 

Hardy — Jethro Xevill and Christian 
Simons. 

Harrison — Daniel Kincheloe and 
Jedediah W. Gk)ff. 

Jefferson — Smith Slaughter and 
Daniel Morgan. 

Kanawha — Mathew Dunbar and 
James Wilson. 

Lewis — Edward Jackson and Lew- 
is Maxwell. 

Mason — Enos Thomas and Isaac 
Newman. 



delegates. 

and Monongalia — Charles S. Morgan 
and Ralph Berkshire. 

Monroe — William Vass and Michael 
Erskine. 

Morgan — John Sherrard and Igna- 
tius O'Ferrell. 

Nicholas — Hedgman Trippett and 
John G. Stevenson. 

Ohio — Adam Faris and James Shan- 
non. 

Pendleton — Thomas Jones and John 
Hopkins. 

Pocahontas — John Gilliland and Le- 
vi Moore. 

Preston — John Fairfax and Nathan 
Ashby. 

Bandolph — Isaac Booth and Adam 
See. 

Tyler — John McCoy and William 
Delashmutt. 

Wood — Isaac Morris and .loseph H. 
Samuels. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1823, AND ENDING 
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 1824. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan Francis White. 

Brooke. Monongalia. Ohio. Preston and Tyler Alpheus P. Wilson. 

Cabell, Harrison, Kanawha, Mason and Randolph Edwin S. Duncan. 

Jefferson, etc William E. Page. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Edward Colston and Is- | Monongalia — Charles S 



rael Robinson. 
Brooke — Jesse Edgington and John 

McMillan. 
Cabell — John Everett aiin John 

Laidley. 
Greenbrier — John Mays and James 

Kincaid. 
Hampshire — Christopher Heiskell 

and Alexander King. 
Hardy — Jethro Nevill and John Van 

Meter. 
Harrison — John Gather and Daniel 

Kincheloe. 
Jefferson — Smith Slaughter and 

Braxton Davenport. 



Morgan 
and Thomas S. Haymond. 

Monroe — William Vass and Alexan- 
der Dunlap. 

Morgan — John Sherrard and Robert 
Gustin. 

Nicholas — Robert Kelly and John 
G. Stevenson. 

Ohio — Adam Faris and Isaac Leff- 
ler. 

Pendleton — ^Thomas Jones and John 
Dice. 

Pocahontas — John Gilliland and 
Levi Moore. 

Preston — William Sigler and Wil- 
liam B. Zane. 



126 



Archr'es and History. 



[W. Va. 



Kanawha — James Wilson and Van 

B. Reynolds. 
Lewis — Thomas Bland and Lewis 

Maxwell. 
Mason — Enos Thomas and Isaac 

Newman. 



Randolph — "William Daniels and 

William Marteney. 
Tyler — Joshua Russell and William 

Delashmutt. 
Wood — Henry L. Prentis and Mathi- 

as Chapman. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1824, AND ENDING 
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1825. 

SENATORS. 

Berkdley, Hampshire, Hardy, and Morgan Elisha Boyd. 

Brooke, Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio. Tyler, etc Charles S. Morgan. 

Cabell. Kanawha, Mason, etc Joseph L. Fry. 

Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas, Pocahontas, etc John Brown, Jr. 

Jefferson, etc William B. Page. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson 



DELEGATES 

Berkeley — Edward Colston and Is- 
rael Robinson. 

Brooke — John McMillan and Sam- 
uel Hardman. 

Cabell — John Laidley and John Ev- 
erett. 

Greenbrier — Ballard Smith and Jo- 
seph Alderson. 

Hampshire — David Parsons and 
Jonathan Pugh. 

Hardy — Jethro Nevill and John J. 
Van Meter. 

Harrison — Daniel Morris and John 
Gather. 

Jefferson — John J. A. Washington 
and Daniel Morgan. 

KayiaiDha — Joseph Lovell and John 
Welsh. 

Lewis — Thomas Bland and John Bo- 
zarth. 

Logan — ^Peter Dingess and James 
Bias. 

Mason — John McCulloch and Enos 
' Thomas. 



Monongalia — Thomas L. Haymond 

and Ralph Berkshire. 
Monroe — William Vass and Alex- 
ander Dunlap. 
Morgan — John Sherrard and Joseph 

P. Adams. 
Nicholas — Robert Kelly and John 

G. Stevenson. 
Ohio — William McKinley and Zach- 

ariah Jacob. 
Pendleton — John Dice and Harmon 

Hiner. 
Pocahontas — John Grimes and John 

Gilliland. 
Preston — Benjamin Jeffries and 

Benjamin Shaw. 
Randolph — Isaac Booth and Wil- 
liam Marteney. 
Tyler — John Witten and William 

Delashmutt. 
Wood — Isaac Morris and Mathias 

Chapman. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1825, AND ENDING 
THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1826. 

SE^'^ATORS. 

Berkley, Hampshire, Hardy, Morgan, etc Elisha Boyd. 

Greenbrier, Monroe. Nicholas, etc John Brown, Jr. 

Brooke, Harrison, Monongalia, Ohio, etc Charles S. Morgan. 



1908] 



West Vibgixiaxs in the Vikginia Assembly. 



127 



Cabell, Kanawha, Mason, etc Joseph L. Fry. 

Jefferson, etc William B. Page. 

Pendleton, etc Chapman Johnson. 



DELEGATES 

Berkeley — William Good and John Mason 
Porterfield. 

Brooke — Jesse E'dgington and Sam- 
uel Herdman. 

Cabell — John Everett, Jr., and Eli- 
sha Wesley McComas. 

Gree« brier— Ballard Smith and Jo- 
seph Alderson. 

Hampshire — David Parsons and 
John Sloan. 

Hardy — Jacob Miller and Jethro 
Nevill. 

Harrison — George I. Williams and 
Jedediah W. Goff* and John Gath- 
er.* 

Jefferson — Carver Willis and Daniel 
Morgan. 

Kanaivha — Lewis Riiffner and Van 
B. Reynolds. 

Lewis — Thomas Bland and John 
McWhorter. I 

Logan — Peter Dingess and Benja- | 
min Smith. i 



John McCulloch and Wil- 
liam A. Hereford. 

Monongalia — Richard Watts and 
Francis Billingsly. 

Morgan — Robert Gustin and Wil- 
liam Sherrard. 

Monroe — William Vass and Alexan- 
der Dunlap. 

Xicholas — John G. Stevenson and 
Robert Kelly. 

Ohio — Isaac Leffler and William 
McKinley. 

Pendleton — Jacob Greiner and Har- 
mon Hiner. 

Pocahontas — John Gilliland and 
George Burner. 

Randolph — -Robert McCrum and 
William Marteney. 

Preston — William Sigler and Ben- 
jamin .Jeffries. 

WoofZ— -Isaac Morris and John G. 
Jackson. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1826, AND ENDING 

MARCH 9, 1827. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy, and Morgan Elisha Boyd. 

Brooke, Monongalia, Ohio, Tyler, etc Charles S. Morgan. 

Cabell, Kanawha, Mason, etc Joseph L. Fry. 

Greenbrier, Monroe, Nicholas, etc Pierre B. Wethered. 

Jefferson, etc William B. Page. 

Pendleton, etc David W. Patterson. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Edward Colston and Wil- I Monongalia — Richard Watts and 

iam Good. I Francis Billingsly. 

Brooke — Jesse Bdgington and John i Monroe — Hugh Caperton and Alex- 
McMillan, ander Dunlap. 

Cabell — John Everett, Jr., and Eli- Morgan — Benjamin Orrick and Gas- 

sha Wesley McComas. I saway Cross. 

Greenbrier — Samuel McClung and Nicholas — John G. Stevenson and 

Joseph Alderson. I Hedgman Trippett. 

♦Note. — Jedediah W. Goff died near the beginning of the Session and John 
Cather was elected to fill the vacancy caused thereby. 



128 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Hampshire — James Gibson and John 

Sloan. 
Hardy — Jethro Nevill and Jacob 

Miller. 
Harrison — John Gather and George 

I. Williams. 
Jefferson — Daniel Morgan and Car- 
ver Willis. 
Kanaivlia — James H. Fry and Lewis 

Ruft'ner. 
Lewis — Thomas Bland and John 

McWhorter. 
Logan — Griffin Stallings and Joseph 

Stratton. 
Mason — Samuel McCulloch and 

Isaac Newman. 



Ohio — Morgan Nelson and Isaac 
Leffler. 

Pendleton — Jacob Greiner and John 
Dice. 

Pocah-ontas — • John Gilliland and 
John Grimes. 

Preston — William Carroll and Wil- 
liam B. Zinn. 

Randolph — -William Daniels and 
Isaac Booth. 
j Tyler — Arthur Inghram and Wil- 
liam Underwood. 

Wood — Thomas Tavenner and Hen- 
ry L. Prentis. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 3. 1827, AND ENDING 
SATURDAY, MARCH 1, 1828. 



SENATORS. 

Berkeley, Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan Charles A. Turley. 

Brooke, Monongalia, Ohio, Tyler, etc Charles S. Morgan. 

Cabell, Kanawha. Mason, etc Joseph L. Fry. 

Greenbrier. Monroe, Nicholas, etc._ Pierre B. Wethered. 

Jefferson, etc Augustine C. Smith. 

P6ndleton, etc David W. Patterson. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Moses T. Hunter and Ed- 
ward Colston. 
Brooke — Samuel Henderson and 

John McMillan. 
Cabell — Solomon Thornburg and 

John Everett, Jr. 
Greenbrier — Samuel McClung and 

Joseph Alderson. 
Hampshire — James Gibson and 

Thomas Carskadon. 
Hardy — Washington G. Williams 

and Leonard Neff. 
Harrison — George I. Williams and 

John T. Brown. 
Jefferson — Carver Willis and Daniel 

Morgan. 
Kanauha — James McFarland and 

Daniel Smith. 
Lewis — Thomas Bland and John 

McWhorter. 



Monongalia — Richard Watts and 
Francis Billingsly. 

M(mroe — William Vass and Hugh 
Caperton. 

Morgan- — John Sherrard and Benja- 
min Orrick. 

Nicholas — Robert Kelly and John 
G. Stevenson. 

Ohio — John Parriott and Samuel H. 
Fitzhugh. 

I'cndleton^ John Dice and Thomas 
Jones. 

Pocahontas — George Burner and 
John Gilliland. 

Preston — Benjamin Shaw and Wil- 
liam B. Zinn. 

Randolpli — Joseph Hart and Wil- 
liam Daniels. 

Tyler — Arthur Inghram and John 
Wells. 




West Vircima Law-Makers of the Oldex Time. 
Members of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth, on their 
Journey over the Alleghenies and the Blue Ridge, to attend a Session of 
that body at Richmond. Time— about 1820. (Ideal.) 



1908] 



West Vibginiaxs ix the Virgixia Asseimblt. 



129 



Logan — Griffin Stallings and Peter 

Dingess. 
Mason — Isaac Newman and Samuel 

McCulloch. 



Wood — Thomas Tavenner and Da 
vid B. Spencer. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1828, AND ENDING 
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1829. 

SENATOES. 

Berkeley. Hampshire, Hardy, Morgan, etc. Charles A. Turley. 

Brooke, Monongalia, Ohio, Tyler, Preston, etc Charles S. Morgan. 

Cabell, Kanawha, Mason, Harrison, etc John J. Allen. 

Greenbrier. Monroe, etc Pierre B. Wethered. 

Jefferson, etc Augustine C. Smith. 

Pendleton, etc David W. Patterson. 



DELEGATES. 



Elisha Boyd and Joel 
Doddridge and 



Berkeley 

Ward. 
Brooke — Philip 

Jesse Edgington. 
Cabell — Solomon Thornburg and 

.John Everett. 
Greenbrier — James McLaughlin and 

William Smith. 
Hampsliird — Thomas Carskadon 

and Samuel Kercheval. 
Hardy — William Seymour and John 

Mullen. 
Harrison — John T. Brown and Geo. 

I. Williams. 
Jefferson — Daniel Morgan and Car- 
ver Willis. 
Kanaiolia — Daniel Smith and Math- 

ew Dunbar. 
Leiols — Thomas Bland and Gideon 

D. Camden. 
Mason — Samuel McCulloch and 

Mathew W. Stribling. 



Monongalia — Richard Watts and 
Edgar C. Wilson. 

Monroe — William Vass and Hugh 
Caperton. 

Morgan — Gassaway Cross and John 
O'Ferrell. 

'Nicholas — Robert Kelly and Addi- 
son McLaughlin. 

Ohio — John Parriott and Samuel H. 
Fitzhugh. 

Pendleton — Thomas Jones and Reu- 
ben Dice. 

Pocahontas — William Arbogast and 
William Gilliland. ( 

Preston — Guy R. C. Allen and Wil- 
liam B. Zinn. 

Randolph — Adam Myers and Benja- 
min Dolbeare. 

Tyler — • Joseph McCoy and Arthur 
Inghram. 

lFoo(Z--Thomas Tavenner and Da- 
vid B. Spencer. 



SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, DECEMBER 7. 1829, AND ENDING 
TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1830. 



Berkeley. Hampshire. Hardy, and Morgan Charles A. Turley. 

Brooke, Monongalia, Ohio, Tyler, etc Charles S. Morgan. 

Cabell. ICanawha. Mason. Harrison, etc. John J. Allen. 

Greenbrier, Monroe, etc Pierre B. Wethered. 

Jefferson, etc . Augustine C. Smith. 

Pendleton, etc David B. Patterson. 



130 



Akchives and History. 



[W. Va. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Charles J. Faulkner, Sr., 
and Elisha Boyd. 

BrooTce — Jesse Edgington and John 
Herdman. 

Cabell — William Spurlock and Fred- 
erick G. L. Beuhring. 

Greenbrier- — Cyrus Carey, and Jo- 
seph Alderson. 

Hampshire — Thomas Carskadon and 
Samuel Kercheval. 

Hardy — William Seymour and John 
Mullen. 

Harrison — John T. Brown and Geo. 
I. Williams. 

Jefferson — Bushrod C. Washington 
and Daniel Morgan. 

Kanatoha — Mathew Dunbar and 
Daniel Smith. 

Lewis — Thomas Bland and Samuel 
• L. Hays. 

Logan — Griffin Stallings and James 
Bias. 

Mason — Isaac Newman and Benja- 
min Thomas. 



Monongalia — Richard Watts and 
Francis Billingsly. 

Monroe — William Vass and Hugh 
Caperton. 

Morgan — Gassaway Cross and John 
O'Ferrell. 

Niclwlas — David Stuart and Addi- 
son McLaughlin. 

Ohio — Samuel H. Fitzhugh and Jno. 
Parriott. 

Pendleton — -Harmon Hiner and Ben- 
jamin McCoj'. 

Pocaliontas — John Grimes and Wil- 
liam Arbogast. 

Preston — Benjamin Shaw and Guy 
R. C. Allen. 

Tiandolph — Joseph Harte and Isaac 
Booth. 

Tyler — Peregrine Wells and William 
Delashmiitt. 

Wood — Henry L. Prentis and David 
B. Spencer. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER G, 1830, AND ENDING APRIL 19, 

1831. 



SEXATORS. 

Monongalia. Preston and Randolph Charles S. Morgan. 

Monroe, Greenbrier, etc Andrew Bierne. 

Berkeley, Morgan and Hampshire Elisha Boyd. 

Lewis, Harrison and Wood John McWhorter. 

Brooke. Ohio and Tyler Jesse Edgington. 

Logan, Mason, Nicholas, Cabell and Kanawha William McComas. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

DELEGATES.* 

Berkeley — Thomas Davis and Levi ] Mason — Isaac Newman. 

Henshaw. | Monongalia — Richard Watts and 

Brooke — John C. Campbell. | Francis Billingsley. 

Cabell — William Spurlock. j Monroe — John H. Vawter. 

Greenbrier — Henry Erskine. j Morgan — John O'Ferrell. 



*It bas been stated that from 1770 1o 3 830. the representation in the General 
Assembly was composed of two members from each County regardless of popula- 
tion or wealth. This was changed by the Constitution of 1829-30 the basis of repre- 
sentation thereunder being one of population. Thus it was that a number of Coun- 
ties which prior to 1830. had two members in the House of Delegates, thereafter 
had but one,. Still others were united in a Delegate District with one Delegate. — • 
y. A. L. 



1908] 



West Virginians ix the Virginia Assembly. 



131 



Hampshire — Ephraim Dunn and 

Thomas Carskadon. 
Hardy — William Seymour. 
Harrison — George J. Davisson and 

George I. Williams. 
Jefferson — Kdward Lucus and John 

S. Gallaher. 
Kanaicha — George W. Summers. 
Leicis — Samuel L. Hays. 
Logan — Anthony Lawson. 



XichoJas — Addison McLaughlin. 
Ohio — Zachariah Jacobs and John 

Parriott. 
Pendleton — Harmon Hiner. 
Pocahontas — John Baxter. 
Preston — William B. Zinn. 
Randolph — Joseph H'art. 
Tyler — John McCoy. 
Wood — John J. Jackson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DEHEMBER 5, 18-31, AND ENDING MARCH 21, 

1832. 

SENATORS. 

Monongalia, Preston, and Randolph Charles S. Morgan. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Monroe, Greenbrier, etc Andrew Bierne. 

Berkeley. Morgan and Hampshire Elisha Boyd. 

Lewis, Harrison and Wood John McWhorter. 

Brooke, Ohio and Tyler lesse Edgington. 

Logan. Kanawha. Mason, Cabell, Nicholas, Fayette, Jackson — William Mc- 
Comas. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Charles J. Faulkner, Sr., i Logan — Anthony Lawson. 
and William Good. 

Brooke — John C. Campbell. 

Ca/^e7Z— William Spurlock. 

Fayette and Nicholas — John G. Ste- 
venson. 

{rreenbrier — Henry Erskine. 

Hampshire — Thomas Carskadon and 
Elias Poston. 

Hardy — John Mullen. 

Harrison — George I. Williams and 
William Johnson. 

Jefferson — 2 ohn S. Gallaher and 
Henry Berry. 

Kanatoha — George W. Summers. 

Leicis — Samuel L. Hays. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 

183 



Mason and Jackson — Nehemiah 

Smith. 
Monongalia — Francis Billingsley 

and William G. Henry. 
Monroe — John H. A^awter* and John 

W. Kelley.* 
Morgan — ^Henry A. Byrne.f 
Ohio — Samuel G. Fitzhugh and John 

Parriott. 
Pendleton — Harmon Hiner. 
Pocahontas- — John Gilliland. 
Preston — William B. Zinn. 
Randolph — Joseph Hart. 
Tyler — John McCoy. 
Wood — Isaac Morris. 

1832, AND ENDING MARCH 9, 



SENATORS. 

Monongalia, Preston and Randolph Richard Watts. 

Movroe, Greenbrier, etc Andrew Bierne. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 



*XOTE — John H. Vawter in lieu of .Tohn W. Kelly, declared unduly elected, 
tllenry A. Byrne ejected, having no freehold. 



332 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Berkeley, Morgan and Hampshire Elislia Boyd. 

Lewis, Harrison and Wood John McWhorter. 

Brooke, Ohio, Tyler Jesse Edgington. 

Cabell, Jackson, Kanawha, Logan, Mason, Fayette and Nicholas — William 
McComas. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Charles J. Faulkner, Sr., 
and Levi Henshaw. 

Brooke — John C. Campbell. 

Cabell — Elisha Wesley McComas. 

Fayette and Nicholas — John G. Ste- 
venson. 

Greenbrier — Joseph Alderson. 

Hampshire — William Vance and 
Thomas Sloane. 

Hardy — John Mullen. 

Harrison — Waldo P. Goff and Daniel 
Kincheloe. 

Jefferson — - John S. Gallaher and 
Henry Berry. 

Kanawha — James H. Fry. 

Leiois — Samuel L. Hays. 



Logan — Anthony Lawson. 

Mason and Jackson — Nehemiah 

Smith. 
Monongalia — William G. Henry and 

William J. Willey. 
Monroe — Henry Alexander. 
Morgan — John Sherrard. 
Ohio — John Parriott and Isaac Leff- 

ler. 
Pendleton — Harmon Hiner. 
Pocahontas — William Cackley. 
Prestoti — William G. Brown. 
Randolph — Isaac Booth. 
Tyler — John McCoy. 
Wood — John P. Maybery. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 2,, 1833, AND ENDING MARCH 14, 

1834. 



SENATORS. 

Monongalia, Preston, Randolph Richard Watts. 

Monroe, Greenbrier, etc Andrew^ Bierne. 

Hampshire. Berkeley, Morgan, etc William Donaldson. 

Harrison, Lewis, and Wood Waldo P, Goff. 

Brooke, Ohio and Tyler Jesse Edgington. 

Kanawha, Mason. Cabell, Logan, Nicholas, Fayette, and Jackson. .Benjamin 
H. Smith. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Charles J. Fulkner, Sr., 
and Edward Colston. 

Brooke — John McMillan. 

Cabell — Allen McGinnis. 

Fayette and Nicholas — John G. Ste- 
venson.* 

Greenbrier — William Gary. 

Hampshire — William Vance and 
Thomas Sloan. 

Hardy — John Mullen. 

Harrison — Daniel Kincheloe and 
John Gather. 



Lewis — Samuel L. Hays. 

Logan — Griffin Stallings. 

Mason and Jackson — James Smith. 

Monongalia — Francis Billingsley 

and Isaac Cooper. 
Monroe — Henry Alexander. 
Morgan — Isaiah Buck. 
Ohio — John Parriott and John 

M'Lure. 
Pendleton — Thomas Jones. 
Pocahontas — William Slavin. 
Preston — William Carroll. 



♦Note — Succeeded in contested election against David Stuart, and took liis seat 
December 7th. 



3908] 



West Virginians in the Vikginia Assembly. 



Jefferson — • John S. Gallaher and 

Gerard B. Wager. 
Kanawha — James H. Fry. 



Randolph — Isaac Booth. 
Tyler — John McCoy. 
Wood — John P. Maybery. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 1, 1834, AND ENDING MARCH 12, 

1835. 



SEXATOHS. 

Monongalia, Preston, and Hardy Richard Watts. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Monroe, Greenhrier, etc Andrew Bierne. 

Tyler, Brooke and Ohio John McCoy. 

Hampshire. Morgan and Berkeley William Donaldson. 

Harrison, Lewis and Wood Waldo P. Goff. 

Kanaioha. Mason, Cahell, Logan. Nicholas. Fayette arid Jackson. .Benjamin 
H. Smith. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Edward Colston and Ed- 
mund P. Hunter. 

Brooke — John McMillan. 

Cahell — Wade Hampton. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Samuel 
Price. 

Greenbrier — Pierre B. Wethered. 

Hampshire — William Nixon and 
William Vance. 

Hardy — John Mullen. 

Harrison — Daniel Kincheloe and 
Wilson K. Shinn. 

Jefferson — Henry Berry and John 
S. Gallaher. 

Kanaioha — George W. Summers. 

Leicis — Weeden Hoffman.* 



Logan — Anthony Lawson. 

Mason and Jackson — Andrew Wag- 

gener. 
Monongalia — William J. Willey and 

Stephen H. Morgan. 
Monroe- — Henry Alexander. 
Morgan — John Sherrard. 
Ohio — John Brady and John Par- 

riott.f 
Pendleton — Thomas Jones. 
Pocahontas — William Cackley. 
Preston — William Carroll. 
Randolph — Isaac Booth. 
Tyler — Van B. Delashmutt. 
Wood — Henry L. Prentiss. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 7, 1835, AND ENDING MARCH 24, 

1836. 



SEN.\T0RS. 

Monongalia. Preston and Randolph Francis Billingsly. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Monroe and Greenbrier Andrew Bierne. 

Hampshire. Berkeley and Morgan William Donaldson. 

Harrison, Lewis, Wood and Braxton Waldo P. Goff. 

Marshall. Ohio. Tyler and Brooke John Parriott. 

Kanaioha. Mason, Cahell, Logan, Nicholas, Fayette and Jackson Benjamin 
H. Smith. 



♦Note. — In the place of James L. Bennett, who.se seat was declared vacant in 
consequence of leaving the Commonwealth. 

tSucceeded John M'Lure, prevailing in his contest for the seat on the 2Gth of 
January. 



134 



Archh'es and History. 



[W. Va. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Edmund P. Hunter and 

Levi Henshaw. 
Brooke — Jacob DeCamps. 
Cabell — Frederick G. L. Beuhring. 
Fayette and Nicholas — Hudson M. 

Dickinson* and Samuel Price. 
Oreen.brier — Pierre B. Wethered. 
Hampshire — Thomas Sloan and 

William Nixon. 
Hardy — John Mullen. 
Harrison — William A. Harrison and 

Daniel Kincheloe. 
Jefferson — Thomas Griggs, Jr., and 

Henry Berry. 
Kanawha — George W. Summers. 
Lewis — Samuel L. Hays. 



Logan — Joseph Straton. 

Mason arid Jackson — Andrew Wag- 
gener. 

Monongalia — William J. Willey and 
Stephen H. Morgan. • 

Monroe — Augustus A. Chapman. 

Morgan — John Sherrard. 

Ohio and Marshall — Moses N. Chap- 
line and Zodoc Masters. 

Pendleton — William McCoy, Jr. 

Pocahontas — William Cackley. 

Preston — William Carroll. 

Randolph — William Marteney. 

Tyler — Van B. Delashmutt. 

Wood — Henry L. Prentiss. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 5, 1836, AND ENDING MARCH 31, 

1837. 



SENATORS. 

Monongalia, Preston and Randolph Francis Billlngsly. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Hampshire, Berkeley and Morgan William Donaldson. 

Harrison, Logan, Leiois and. Braxton Waldo P. Goff. 

Marshall, Brooke, Ohio, and Tyler John Parriott. 

Kanawha, Cabell, Logan, Nicholas, Fayette and Jacfcson. . .Benjamin H. 
Smith. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Robert V. Snodgrass and 

Elisha Boyd. 
Braxton and Lewis — Thomas Bland. 
Brooke — John McMillan. 
Cabell — Thomas McAllister. 
Fayette and Nicholas — Hudson M. 

Dickinson. 
Greenbrier — Ballard Smith. 
Hampshire — Thomas Sloan and 

William Nixon. 
Hardy — John Mullen. 
Harrison — -William A. Harrison and 

Wilson K. Shinn. 
Jefferson — John Davenport and Jonu 

Peters. 
Kanawha — Andrew Donnally. 



•Note. — Pamuel Pricf succeeded ^Ir. 
the seat December 30th. 



Logan — Joseph Straton. 

Marshall — Alexander Newman. 

Mason and Jackson — Henry J. Fish- 
er. 

Monongalia — ^William J. Willey and 
Isaac Cooper. 

Monroe — Augustus A. Chapman. 

Morgan — Samuel Johnston. 

Ohio — John Brady. 

Pendleton — William McCoy. 

Pocahontas — William Cackley. 

Preston — Buckner Fairfax. 

Randolph— Wi\\\a,m C. Haymond. 

Tyler — John Ripley. 

Wood — Abraham Samuels. 



Dickinson, prevailins in his contest for 



190S] 



West Virgixiaas i\ the Vikgixia AsfSE.\iBLY. 



135 



SESSION BEGINNING JANUARY 1, 1838, AND ENDING APRIL 1, 1838. 

SEXATORS. 

Monongalia, Preston and Randolph Francis Billingsley. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Berkeley, Morgan, and Hampshire Thomas Bland. 

Marshall, Brooke, Ohio, and Tyler John Parriott. 

Kanawha, Mason, Cabell, Logan, Nicholas, Fayette and Jackson.. .Benjamin 
H. Smith. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Tillotson Fryatt and Rob- 
ert V. Snodgrass. 

Braxton and Lewis — Marshall Trip- 
pett. 

Brooke — Campbell Tarr. 

Cabell — Solomon Thornburg. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Hudson M. 
Dickinson. 

Greenbrier — H. G. Pinnell. 

Hampshire — William Odell and 
George Park. 

Hardy — John Mullen. 

Harrison — William A. Harrison and 
Jesse Flowers. 

Jefferson — John Peters and William 
Lucas. 

Kanawha — Daniel Smith. 

Logan — Jonas McDonald. 



Marshall- — Alexander Newman. 

Mason and Jackson — Henry J. Fish- 
er. 

Mercer (and Giles) — Manilius Chap- 
man. 

Monongalia — Thomas S. H'aymond 
and Stephen H. Morgan. 

Monroe — Augustus A. Chapman. 

Morgan — Isaiah Buck. 

Ohio — William McConnell. 

Pendleton — William McCoy. 

Pocahontas — John Gay. 

Preston — Buckner Fairfax. 

Randolph — Henry Sturm. 

Tyler — John Ripley. 

Wood — John P. Maybery. 



SESSION BEGINNING JANUARY 7, 1839, AND ENDING APRIL 10, 

1S39. 



Monongalia, Preston and Randolph Francis Billingsiy. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Berkeley. Morgan and Hampshire Charles J. Faulkner. 

Lewis, Harrison, Wood and Braxton Thomas Bland. 

Ohio, Brooke, Tyler and Marshall Moses C. Good. 

Kanawha, Mason. Cabell, Logan. Nicholas, Fayette and Jackson. .Benjamin 
H. Smith. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Tillotson Fryatt and Rob- 
ert V. Snodgrass. 

Braxton and Lewis — Weeden Hoff- 
man. 

Brooke — Campbell Tarr. 

Cabell — Solomon Thornburg. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Oliver L. 
Waite. 



Marshall — Elbert H. Caldwell. 

Mason and Jackson — Nehemiah 

Mercer (and Giles) — Manilius Chap- 
man. 
Smith. 

Monongalia — Thomas S. Raymond 
and John Clayton. 

Monroe — James A. Dunlap. 



136 



AucpiiVEs a:«d History. 



[W. Va. 



Greenbrier — Joseph F. Dangerfield. 

Hampshire — • William Odell and 
George Park. 

Hardy — WiJliam Seymour. 

Harrison — Jesse Flowers and Ed- 
ward J. Armstrong. 

Jefferson — Bushrod C. Washington 
and George Reynolds. 

Kanaivha — Daniel Smith. 

Logan — Henry Farley. 



Morgan — John O'Ferrell. 
Ohio — William O'Connell. 
Pendleton — William McCoy. 
Pocahontas — John Gay. 
Preston — William Carroll. 
Randolph — Henry Sturm. 
Tyler — James M. Stephenson. 
Wood — John J. Jackson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 2, 1S39, AND ENDING MARCH 19, 

1840. 

SEN.'i.TORS. 

Monongalia, Preston and Randolph William J. Willey. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Berkeley, Morgan, Hampshire Charles J. Faulkner. 

Lewis, Harrison. Wood, and Braxton Thomas Bland. 

Ohio, Brooke, Tyler and Marshall Moses C. Good. 

Kanatoha, 3Iason, Cabell, Logan, 'Nicholas. Fayette and Jackson . .B-ohevt 
A. Thompson. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Jacob Myers and Ed- 
mund P. Hunter. 

Braxton and Lewis — Jacob J. Jack- 
son. 

Brooke — John McMillan. 

Cabell — Solomon Thornburg. 

Fayette and Nicholas — George Al- 
derson. 

Ch-eenbrier — Henry Erskine. 

Hampshire — David Gibson and 
James Allen. 

Hardy — William Seymour. 

Harrison — George Hay Lee and Ed- 
ward J. Armstrong. 

Jefferson — William C. Worthington 
and Anthony Kennedy. 

Kanawha — Van B. Reynolds. 



Logan — Anthony Lawson. 
Marshall— EAhert H. Caldwell.* 
Mason and Ja'ckson — Nehemiah 

Smith. 
Mercer and Giles — Charles King. 
Monongalia — John Clayton and 

James Evans. 
Monroe — Augustus A. Chapman. 
Morgan — Henry Myers. 
Ohio — William McConnell. 
Pendleton — Harmon Hiner. 
Pocahontas — Benjamin Tallman. 
Preston — William Carroll. 
Randolph — Henry Sturm. 
Tyler — James M. Stephenson. 
Wood — John J. Jackson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 1, 1840, AND ENDING MARCH 22, 

1841. 

8EX VTORS. 

Monongalia, Preston and Randolph William J. Willey. 

Berkeley, Morgan and Hampshire Charles J. Faulkner. 

Lewis, Harrison, Wood and Braxton Thomas Bland. 

♦Note. — ^Mr. Caldwell was successful In his contest, and succeeded Mr. John 
Scott, and took his seat on the 10th of January, 1840. 



190SJ 



West Viegixiaxs ix thk Virginia Assembly. 



137 



Ohio, Brooke, Tyler and Marshall Moses C. Good. 

Kanaivha, Mason, Cabell, Logan, Nicholas, Fayette and Jackson. . .Robert 
A. Thompson. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Jacob Vandoren and Til- 
iotson Fryatt. 

Braxton and Lewis — Jacob J. Jack- 
son. 

Brooke — William Jones. 

Ca&e/?— Peter C. Buffington. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Addison Mc- 
Laughlin. 

Greenbrier — Henry Erskine. 

Hamv-shire — William Vance and 
William Odell. 

Hardy — John Mullen. 

Harrison — George H. Lee and Ed- 
ward J. Armstrong. 

■Jefferson — George B. Stephenson 
and William C. Worthington. 

Kanaivh a — Andrew Donnally. 



Logan — St. Clair Ballard. 

Marshall— E.\hevt H. Caldwell. 

Mason and Jackson — Andrew Bryan. 

Mercer (and Giles) — Oscar F. John- 
son. 

Monongalia — John Clayton and Ca- 
leb Tanzey. 

Monroe — Augustus A. Chapman. 

Morgan — Cromwell Orrick. 

Ohio — William McConnell. 

Pendleton — Harmon Hiner.. 

Pocahontas — George Burner. 

Preston — William G. Brown. 

Randolph — Samuel Elliott. 

Tyler — James M. Stephenson. 

Wood — John Stephenson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER C, 1S41, AND ENDING MARCH 2G, 

1842. 

SE.VATOKS. 

Monongalia. Preston. Randolph William J. Willey. 

Berkeley, Morgan, Hampshire Charles J. Faulkner. 

Braxton, Harrison, Lewis and Wood Wilson K. Shinn. 

Ohio. Brooke. Tyler and Marshall Alexander Newman. 

Kanaivha. Mason. Cabell. Logan. Nicholas. Fayette and Jackson. .Robert 
A. Thompson. 

DELEGATES. 

Berkeley — Edmund P. Hunter and Marshall — Jefferson T. Martin. 

Nehemiah 



James M. Newkirk. 

Braxton and Letcis — Philip Cox. 

Brooke — William Jones. 

Cabell — Fredrick Moore. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Addison Mc- 
Laughlin. 

Greenbrier — Henry Erskine. 

Hampshire — William Vance and Da- 
vid Pugh. 

Hardy — John Mullen. 

Harrison — Daniel Kincheloe and Ed- 
ward J. Armstrong. 

Jefferson — John Moler and Anthony 
Kennedy. 

Kanavjha — Daniel Smith. 

Logan — Robert A. Clendenin. 



Mason and Jackson 

Smith. 
Mercer (and Giles) — ■ William H. 

French. 
Monongalia — William S. Morgan 

and Joseph F. Harrison. 
Monroe — Allen T. Caperton. 
Morgan — Cromwell Orrick. 
Ohio — Daniel M. Bdgington. 
Pendleton — Harmon Hiner. 
Pocahontas — John Grimes. 
Preston — William G. Brown. 
Randolph — Samuel Elliott. 
Tyler — Presley Martin. 
Wood — John J. Jackson. 



ViS 



Archives a>'d History. 



[W. Va. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 5, 1842, AND ENDING MARCH 28, 

1S43. 



SENATORS. 

Marion * Monongalia, Preston and Randolph William J. Willey. 

Hampshire, Berkeley and Morgan Thomas Sloan. 

Harrison, Leiois, Wood and Braxton Wilson K. Shinn. 

Marshall, Brooke, Ohio, and Tyler Alexander Newman. 

Kanaicha, Mason. Cahell. Logan, Xicholas, Fayette and Jackson. .Ro'oevt 
A. .Thompson. 

DELEGATES 



Berkeley — James M. Newkirk and 
William T. Snodgrass. 

Braxton and Lewis — Cabell Taven- 
ner. 

Brooke — Darwin E. Stanton. 

Cnhell and Wayne — Fredrick Moore. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Aaron Stock- 
ton. 

Greenbrier — John B. Caldwell. 

Hampshire — Charles Blue and John 
Ward. 

Hardy — Jam.es S. Miles. 

Harrison — Benjamin Bassell and 
Avigustine J. Smith. 

Jefferson — John S. Gallaher and 
William C. Worthington. 

Kanaioha — Andrew Parks. 

Logan — Griffin Stallings. 



Marion — Zedekiah Kid well. 
Marshall — Jefferson T. Martin. 
Mason and Jackson — Charles 

Miller. 
Mercer (and Giles) — William 

French. 
Monongalia — Caleb Tanzey. 
Monroe — William Adair. 
Morgan — Peter Dyche. 
Ohio — Daniel M. Edgington. 
Pendleton — John Bird. 
Pocahontas — Benjamin Talman. 
Prest07i — William G. Brown. 
Randolph — Henry Sturm. 
Tyler — James G. West. 
Wood — Daniel R. Neal. 



H. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 4. 1S43, AND ENDING FEBRUARY 

15, 1844. 



SENATORS. 

Marion, Monongalia. Preston, Randolph and Barbour. .William J. Willey. 

Hampshire, Berkeley, and Morgan Thomas Sloan. 

Harrison, Leivis, Wood, Braxton and Ritchie Wilson K. Shinn, 

Marshall, Brooke, Ohio, Tyler Alexander Newman.. 

Kanaioha, Mason, Cabell, Logan, Xicholas, Fayette. Jackson and Wayne 
Robert A. Thompson. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — William T. Snodgrass 

and Edmund Pendleton. 
Braxton and Leiois — Mathew Edmis- 

ton. 



Kanaicha — John Lewis. 
Logan — Henry Farley. 
Marion— William S. Morgan. 
Marshall — John Parriott. 



•Note. — Marion County was formed in 1842, it had embraced a part of Mon- 
ongalia, in which William J. Willey resided ; he therefore continued in the Senate- 
from the new County. 



1908] 



West Virginians in the Vibginia Assembly. 



139 



Brooke — Darwin E. Stanton. 

Cabell and Wayne — Henry W. Shel- 
ton. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Francis Ty- 
ree. 

Grcenlirier — Thomas Creigh. 

Hampshire — Charles Blue and John 
Ward. 

Hardy — James S. Miles. 

Harrison — • Edward J. Armstrong 
and Luther H'aymond. 

Jefferson — John S. Gallaher and 
William F. Turner. 

Mason and Jackson — John Arm- 
strong. 



Mercer and Giles — Albert G. Pen- 
dleton. 

Monongalia — John H. Bowlby. 

Monroe — Samuel Hamilton. 

Morgan — John O'Ferrell. 

Ohio — Daniel M. Edgington. 

Pendeton — John Bird. 

Pocahontas — John Gay. 

Preston — Israel Baldwin. 

PandoljJh and Barbour — Henry 
Sturm. 

Tyler — James M. Stephenson. 

Wood and Ritchie — Daniel R. Neal. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 2, 1844. AND ENDING MARCH 28, 

1845. 

SENATORS. 

Marion. Monongalia, Preston, Randolph, Barbour and Tat/Zo?-. .William 

J. Willey. 

Jefferson, etc John S. Gallaher. 

Monroe, Greenbrier, Mercer, etc Allen T. Caperton. 

Kanaioha, Mason, Cabell, Fayette, Logan, Nicholas, Wayne and Jackson 

Robert A. Thompson. 

Hampshire, Berkeley and Morgan Thomas Sloan. 

Harrison, Leiois, Wood, Braxton, Ritchie and Taylor Wilson K. Shinn. 

Marshall, Brooke. Ohio and Tyler Alexander Newman. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Edmund Pendleton and 

Jacob Myers. 
Braxton and Leicis — Samuel L. 

Hays. 
Brooke — John Miller. 
Cabell and Wayne— Frederick G. L. 

Beuhring. 
Fayette and Nicholas — Francis Ty- 

ree. 
Greenbrier — Joel M'Pherson. 
Hampshire—Charles Blue and John 

Ward. 
Hardy — Charles Carter Lee. 
Harrison — Benjamin Bassel. 
Jefferson — William F. Turner and 

Benjamin F. Towner. 
Kanawha — Daniel Smith. 
Logan — Henry Farley. 



Marion — Zedekiah Kidwell. 
Marshall — John Parriott. 
Mason and Jackson — John Hall. 
Mercer and Giles — William H. 

French. 
Munongalia — Alexander Wade. 
Monroe — Samuel Hamilton. 
Morgan — John O'Ferrell. 
Ohio — Daniel M. Edgington. 
Penaleton — Benjamin Hiner. 
Pocahontas — John Gay. 
Preston — William Hamilton. 
J^andolph and Barbour — Henry 

Sturm. 
Taylor — Charles W. Newlon. 
Tyler — James M. Stephenson. 
Wood and Ritchie — John J. Jackson, 

Sr. 



140 



Archjves and History. 



[W. Va. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 1, 1S45, AND ENDING MARCH 6, 

184G. 



SEXATORS. 

Marion, Monongalia, Preston, Randolph, Barhour and Taylor. .William J. 

Willey. 

Jefferson, etc John S. Gallaher. 

Monroe, Greenbrier, Mercer, etc Allen T. Caperton. 

Marshall, Brooke, Ohio, Tyler and Doddridge Alexander Newman. 

Hampshire. Berkeley, and Mofgan Thomas Sloan. 

^Wood, Harrison, Leivis, Braxton, Ritchie, Taylor, Doddridge and Oilmer 

John G. Stringer. 
Kanawha. Mason. Cal)Cll, Fayette. Logan. Wayne, Xicholas and Jackson 

Robert A. Thompson. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — William L. Boak and 

Adam Small. 
Braxton, Leivis and Gihner — John 

S. Camden. 
Brooke — John Miller. 
Cahell and Wayne — Elijah Adkins. 
Fayette and Nicholas — John Mc- 

Clung. 
Green brier — Elisha Callison. 
Hampshire — Asa Hiett and Daniel 

Thompson. 
Hardy — Charles Carter Lee. 
Harrison and Doddridge — Jesse 

Flowers. 
Je/fej-son — William F. Turner and 

Benjamin T. Towner. * 
Kanaicha — Spicer Patrick. 
Lo.(7a?)— Joseph Goare. 
Marion — John Clayton. 



Marshall — John Parriott. 

3Iason and Jackson — Spencer Ad- 
ams. 

Mercer and G;7es — Albert G. Pen- 
dleton. 

Monongalia — Alexander Wade, Jr. 

Monroe — Samuel Hamilton. 

Morgan — Andrew Michael. 

Ohio — Daniel M. Edgington. 

Pendleton — Benjamin Hiner. 

Pocahontas — William Arbogast. 

Preston — Buckner Fairfax. 

Randolph and Barhour — Washing- 
ton J. Long. 

Taylor — Nathan Hall. 

Tyler and Doddridge — James G. 
West. 

Wood. Ritchie and Doddridge — Dan- 
iel R. Neal. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 1, 184(5, AND ENDING MARCH 23, 

1847. 

» 

. SENATORS. 

Marion, Monongalia. Preston. Barbour. Randolph and Taylor. .William J. 

Willey. 

Jefferson, etc John S. Gallaher. 

Monroe, Greenbrier, Mercer, etc Allen T. Caperton. 

Hampshire. Berkeley, and Morgan Thomas Sloan. 

Wood, Harrison, Lewis, Braxton. Ritchie, Doddridge and Gilmer. .John G. 

Stringer. 

Marshall. Brooke. Ohio. Tyler, and Doddridge John Parriott. 

Kanawha. Mason. Cabell, Fayette. Logan, Wayne, Nicholas and Jackson 

James H. Fry. 



1908] 



West Vieginia:xs in the Vikginia Assembly. 



141 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — William L. Boak and 
Adam Small. 

Braxton, Lewis and Gilmer — James 
Bennett. 

Brooke — Thomas Bambrick. 

Cabell and Wayne — John Morris. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Hiram Hill. 

Greenbrier — John B. Caldwell. 

Hampshire — Asa Hiett and Daniel 
Thompson. 

Hardy — Charles Carter Lee. 

Harrison and Doddridge — John S, 
Duncan. 

Jefferson- — Andrew Hunter and Wil- 
liam B. Thompson. 

KanaiDha — Spicer Patrick. 

Logan — St. Clair Ballard. 

Marion — Thomas S. H'aymond. 

Marshall — Wylie H. Oldham. 



Mason and Jackson — Charles B. 

Waggener. 
Mercer and Giles — Cornelius White. 
Monongalia — Andrew Brown. 
Monroe — Christopher J. Beirne. 
Morgan — John W. Breathed. 
Ohio — Daniel M. Edgington. 
Pendleton — Anderson M. Newman. 
Pocah07itas — William Cackley. 
Pr est 071 — Buckner Fairfax. 
Randolph and Barbour — Henry 

Sturm. 
Tayler — John S. Burdett. 
Tyler, Doddridge and Wetzel — John 

W. Harner. 
Wood, Ritchie and Doddridge — 

James M. Stephenson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 6, 1847, AND ENDING APRIL 5, 

1848. 



SENATORS. 

Hardy, etc Gabriel T. Barbee. 

Barbour, Monongalia, Preston, Randolph, Marion and Tai/Zer. . . . John S. 

Carlile. 

Jefferson, etc John S. Gallaher. 

Marshall, Brooke, Ohio, Tyler, Doddridge, and Wetzel John Parriott, 

Monroe, Greenbrier, Mercer, etc Allen T. Caperton. 

Hampshire, Berkeley and Morgan Thomas Sloan. 

Wood, Harrison, Leivis. Braxton, Ritchie, Taylor, Doddridge and Gilmer 

Jacob G. Stringer. 
Kanawha, Mason, Cabell. Fayette, Logan, Wayne, Nicholas and Jackson 

James H. Fry. 

DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — • James E. Stewart and 
Thomas Brown. 

Braxton, Leivis and Gilmer — Addi- 
son McLaughlin. 

Brooke — Thomas Bambrick. 

Cabell and Wayne— Allen McGinnis. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Hiram Hill. 

Greenbrier — Samuel Price. 

Hampshire — James Allen and Asa 
H'iett. 

Hardy — William Seymour. 

Marion- — Thomas S. Haymond. 



Marshall — Wylie H. Oldham. 
Mason and Jackson — James Greer. 
Mercer and Gi?es— Madison Allen. 
Monongalia — Caleb Tanzey. 
Monroe — John H. Vawter. 
Morgan — Andrew Michael. 
Ohio — Daniel M. Edgington. 
Pendleton — George W. Dice. 
Pocahontas- — William Cackley. 
Preston — John Scott. 
Randolph and Barbour — Henry 
Sturm. 



142 



Abohives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Harrison unci Doddridge — Joseph 

Johnson.* 
Jefferson — 'Joseph McMurran and 

John A. Thompson. 
Kanawha — Andrew Parks. 
Logan and Boone — Isaac Morgan. 



TayZo)— John S. Burdett. 
Tyler, Doddridge and Wetzel 

James 1. West. 
Wood, Ritchie and Doddridge 

James M. Stephenson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 4, 1S48, AND ENDING AUGUST 17, 

1849. 



SENATORS. 

Hardy, etc Gabriel T. Barbee. 

Barbour, Monongalia, Preston, Randolph, Marion and Taylor John S. 

Carlile. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Hampshire, Berkeley and Morgan Thomas Sloan. 

Wood, Harrison, Leivis, Braxton, Ritchie, Doddridge, Gilmer and Wirt 

John G. Stringer. 
Marshall, Brooke, Ohio, Tyler, Doddridge, Wetzel and Hancock John 

Parriott. 
Kanaioha, Mason, Cabell, Fayette, Logan, Wayne, Nicholas, Putnam and 

Jackson James H. Fry. 



DELEGATES. 



Berkeley — Charles J. Faulkner and 
William L. Boak. 

Braxton, Leivis and Gilmer — B. W. 
Byrne. 

Brooke and Hancock — T. Jacob De- 
Camps. 

Cabell, Putnam' and Wayne — Fred- 
rick Moore. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Fielding Mc- 
Clung. 

Greenbrier — Samuel Price. 

Hampshire — James Allen and Asa 
H'iett. 

Hardy— Felix B. Welton. 

Harrison and Doddridge — Benjamin 
P.assel, Jr. 

Jefferson — W. C. Worthiugton and 
John A. Thompson. 

Kanawha and Putnam — James M. 
Laidley. 

Logan and Boone — James H. Fergu- 
son. 



Marion — James P. Arnett. 

Marshall — William P. McDonald. 

Mason, Putnam, Wirt and Jackson — 

Mercer and (Giles) — Elijah P. Bai- 
ley. 
Charles Clendenin. 

Monongalia — Caleb Tanzey. 

Monroe — Christopher J. Beirne. 

Morgan — Robert C. Gustin. 

07uo— William Pitts. 

Pendleton and (Highland) — Benja- 
min Hiner. 

Pocahontas — William Cackley. 

Preston- — Buckner Fairfax. 

Randolph and Barbour — David Goff. 

Taylor — John S. Burdett. 

Tyler, Doddridge and Wetzel — Josi- 
ah Boyers. 

Wood. Wirt. Ritchie and Doddridge 
— Henry B. Collins. 



*NOTE. — Election declared void — re-elected upon writ of election 



1908] 



West Virgixiaxs ix the Virginia Assembly. 



143 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 3, 1849, AND ENDING MARCH 22. 

1850. 

sexators. 

Hardy, etc Gabriel T. Barbee. 

Barbour, Monongalia. Preston. Handolph, Marion and Taylor John S. 
Carlile. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Berkeley, Morgan and Hampshire .Moses S. Grantham. 

Lewis, Harrison, Wood, Braxton, Ritchie. Taylor, Doddridge, Gilmer and 
Wirt Mathew E'dmiston. 

Marshall, Broolce, Ohio, Tyler, Doddridge, Wetzel and Hancock John 

Parriott. 

Kanawha. Mason. Cabell, Fayette. Logan. Wayne. Nicholas, Jackson, Put- 
nam, Boone and Wyoming James H. Fry. 



delegates. 



Berkeley — Allen C. Hammond and 
Lewis Grantham. 

Braxton, Lewis and Gilmer — James 
Bennett. 

Brooke and Hancock — Nathaniel 
Wells. 

Cabell, Putnam and Wayne — John 
Morris. 

Fayette and Nicholas — Hiram Hill. 

Greenbrier — Samuel Price. 

Hampshire — Robert Powell and Wil- 
liam P. Stump. 

Hardy — Felix B. Welton. 

Harrison and Doddridge — Charles S. 
Lewis. 

Jefferson — Talbot S. Duke. 

Konaicha and Putnam — Spicer Pat- 
rick. 

Logan and- Boone — James H. Fergu- 
son. 

Marion — Zedekiah Kidwell. 

Marshall — Garrison Jones. 



Mason. Putnam. Wirt and Jackson 
William Hicks. 

Mercer and Giles — Albert G. Pen- 
dleton. 

Monongalia — Francis Warman. 

Monroe — Christopher J. Beirne. 

Morgan — Joseph S. Duckwall. 

Ohio — James S. Wheat. 

Pendleton and (Highland) — Benja- 
min Hiner. 

Pocahon tas — William Cackley. 

Preston- — Stephen B. Wlieeler. 

Randolph and Barbour — Charles S. 
Hall. 

Taylor — Mortimer H. Johnson. 

Tyler, Doddridge and Wetzel. — 
James G. West. 

Wood, Wirt, Ritchie and Doddridge 

— James Cook. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 2, 18.50, AND ENDING MARCH 31. 

1851. 



sexators. 

Hardy, etc Gabriel T. Barbee. 

Jefferson, etc Hierome L. Opie. 

Berkeley, Morgan and Hampshire .Moses S. Grantham. 

Leicis. Harrison. Wood, Braxton. Ritchie. Doddridge. Gilmer and Wirt 
Mathew Edmiston. 



144 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Tyler, Brooke, Ohio, Marshall, Doddridge, Wetzel and Hancock. .James G. 
"West. 

Logan, Wayne, Kanawha, Mason, Cabell, Fayette, Jackson, Nicholas, Put- 
nam, Boone and Wyoming E Vermont Wai'd. 



DELEG 

Berkeley — Allen C. Hammond and 
Lewis Grantham. 

Braxton, Leiois and Gilmer — Sam- 
uel Lr. Hays. 

Brooke and Hancock ■ — Nathaniel 
Wells. 

Cabell, Putnam and Wayne — Jere- 
miah Wellman. 

Fayette and Nicholas— Robert Dun- 
lap. 

Greenbrier — Elisha Callison. 

Hampshire — William P. Stump and 
Alexander Monroe. 

Hardy — Felix B. Welton. 

Harrison and Doddridge — Charles S. 
Lewis. 

Jeff en-son — Talbot S. Duke and John 
M. Jewett. ' 

Kanawha and Putnam — Spicer Pat- 
rick. 

Logan and Boone — James H. Fergu- 
son. 



ATES. 

Marion — E'ngenius L. Boydston. 

Marshall — William Jenney. 

Mason, Putnam, Wirt and Jackson 

— Robert T. Harvey. 
Mercer and Giles — George W. 

Pearls. 
Monongalia — Francis Warman. 
Monroe — Christopher J. Beirne. 
Morgan — Lemuel Vanorsdal. 
Ohio — Charles W. Russell. 
Pendelton and (Highland) — James 

B. Kee. 
Pocahontas — William Cackley. 
Preston — Buckner Fairfax. 
Randolph and Barbour — Henry 

Sturm. 
Taylor — Mortimer H. Johnson. 
Tyler, Doddridge and Wetzel — John 

W. Horner. 
Wood. Wirt, Ritchie and Doddridge 

— William Lowther Jackson. 



SESSION BEGINNING JANUARY 12, 1852, AND ENDING JUNE 7, 1852, 

SENATORS. 

Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan Robert B. Sherrard. 

Greenbrier, Nicholas, Fayette, Pocahontas, Raleigh and Braxton . .Thomas, 
Creigli. 

Harrison, Ritcliie, Wood, Doddridge and Pleasants Benjamin Bassel. 

Barbour, Upshur, Lewis, Gilmer and Randolph Albert G. Reger. 

Ohio, Brooke and Hancock Thomas Sweeney. 

Jefferson and Berkeley Moses S. Grantham. 

Logan, Boone, Kanawha, Putnam and Wyoming Evermont Ward. 

Mason, Jackson, Cabell, Wayne and Wirt John Hall. 

Marshall, Wetzel, Marion and Tyler Jefferson Martin. 

Monongalia. Preston and Taylor Alexander Wade, Jr. 



Barbour — Elam D. Talbott. 

Berkeley — James W. Gray and 
James M. Newkirk. 

Braxton and Nicholas — Robert Dun- 
lap. 

Brooke and Hancock — Edward 
Smith. 



DELEGATES. 

Marion — Zedekiah Kidwell and Ulys- 
ses N. Arnett. 

Marshall — Garrison Jones 

Mason — John McCulloch. 

Mercer — Reuben Garretson. 

Monongalia — Andrew McDonald and 
John Lemley. 



.%v\ 







'■^fifr:^... 



^*pi 



A Gexekal Muster at a West Virginia County-Seat. 
Time— about 1840. Militia of the county assembled. The Captain 
and Drill-Master is a veteran of the war of 1812. He is giving the new 
Colonel and his staff information upon the Military tactics of the Com- 
monwealth and the Programme of tlie day. (Ideal.) 



190S] 



West Virginians in the Virginia Assemblt. 



145 



Doddridge and Tyler — Benjamin W. 

Jackson. 
Fayette and Raleigh — William 

Prince. 
Gilmer and Wirt — Minter Jackson. 
Greenbrier — Samuel Price.* 
Hampshire — Thomas White and 

James Allen. 
Hardy — George R. C. Price. 
Harrison — Charles S. Lewis and 

Thomas L. Moore. 
Jackson — George Crow. 
Jefferson — Benjamin Moore and 

John T. Gibson. 
Kanawha — Spicer Patrick and An- 
drew P. Fi-y. 
Lewis — Jonathan M. Bennett. 
Logan, Boone and Wyoming — Isaac 

Morgan. 



Monrce — John H. Vawter and John 
Echols. 

Morgan — Andrew Michael, Jr. 

Ohio — Charles W. Russell and Ches- 
ter D. Hubbard. 

Pendleton — James B. Kee. 

Pleasants and Ritchie — William 
Lowther Jackson. 

Pocahontas — Andrew Nottingham. 

Preston — William B. Zinn and John 
Scott. 

Putnam — John Bowyer. 

Randolph — John Taylor. 

Taylor — John S. Burdett. 

Upshur — David S. Pinnell. 

Wayne — Jeremiah Wellman. 

Wetzel — David West. 

W^ood — John J. Jackson, Jr. 



SESSION BEGINNING NOVEMBER 22, 1852, AND ENDING APRIL 11, 

1S53. 

SENATORS. 

Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan Robert B. Sherrard. 

Greenhrier, l^icholas, Fayette, Pocahontas, Raleigh and Braxton. .Thomaa 

Creigh. 
Harrison, Ritchie, Doddridge, Pleasants and Wood. .Benjamin Bassel, Jr. 

Barhour, Upshur, Lewis, Gilmer and Randolph Albert G. Reger. 

Ohio, Brooke, and Hancock Thomas Sweeney. 

Berkeley and Jefferson Moses G. Grantham. 

Logan, Boone, Kanaivha, Putnam and Wyoming Evermont Ward. 

Mason, Jackson, Cabell and Wirt John Hall. 

Marshall, Wetzel, Marion and Tyler Jefferson Martin. 

MoPMngalia, Preston and Taylor Alexander Wade, Jr. 

DELEGATES. 

Barbour — Elam D. Talbott. ' Marshall — Garrison Jones. 

Berkeley — George H. McClurej and Marion — Ulysses N. Arnett and Zed- 



James M. Newkirk. 

Braxton and Nicholas — Robert Dun- 
lap. 

Br'Oke and Hancock — Edward 
Smith. 

Cabell — Henry B. Maupin. 

Doddridge and Tyler — Benjamin W. 
Jackson. 

Fayette and Raleigh — William 
Prince. 



ekiah Kidwell. 
Mason — John McCulloch. 
Mercer — Reuben Garretson. 
Monongalia — Andrew McDonald and 

John Lemley. 
Monroe — John H. Vawter and John 

Echols. 
Morgan — Andrew Michael, Jr. 
Ohio — John H. Oldham and Charles 

W. Russell. 



•Note. — Resigned April 27th, 1852, and Benjamin P. Renick elected in his 
stead. 

fin place of James W. Gray, resigned. 



146 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Gilmer and Wirt — Minter Jackson. 

Greenbrier — Benjamin P. Renick. 

Hampshire — James Allen and Thos. 
B. White. 

Harrison — Thomas L. Moore and Cy- 
rus Vance.* 

Jackson — George Crow. 

Jefferson — Jno. T. Gibson and Ben- 
jamin Moor. 

Kanawha — Andrew P. Pry and Spi- 
cer Patrick. 

Lewis — Jonathan M. Bennett. 

Logan, Boone and Wyoming — Isaac 
Morgan. 



Pendleton — James B. Kee. 
Pleasants and Ritchie — Montgomery 

Bottom. t 
Pocahontas — Adam Nottingham. 
Preston — William B. Zinn and John 

Scott. 
Putnam — John Bowyer. 
Randolph — John Taylor. 
Taylor — John S. Burdett. 
Upshur — David S. Pinnell. 
Wayne — Jeremiah Wellman. 
Wetzel — David West. 
Wood — John J. Jackson, Jr. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 5, 1853, AND ENDING MARCH 4. 

1854. 



SENATORS. 

Hardy. Hampshire and Morgan John C. B. Mullin. 

Greenhrier, Nicholas, Fayette, Pocahontas, Raleigh and Braxton . .Thomas 
Creigh. 

Harrison, Ritchie, Doddridge, Pleasants and Wood Uriel M. Turner. 

Barhour, Upshur, Lewis, Gilmer and Randolph Albert G. Reger. 

Ohio, Brooke and Randolph Lewis Steenrod. 

Berkeley and Jefferson Moses S. Grantham. 

Logan, Boone, Kanawha, Putnam and Wyoming Evermont Ward. 

Mason, Jackson, Cabell, Wayne and Wirt John Hall. 

Wetzel, Marshall, Marion and Tyler James G. West. 

Monongalia, Preston and Tyler Alexander Wade, Jr. 



Barbour — Elam D. Talbott. 
Berkeley — George H. McClure and 

Henry J. Seibert. 
Braxton and Nicholas — James P. 

Given. 
Brooke and Hancock — ^ Edward 

Smith and Thomas J. Hewett. 
Cabell — Andrew McComas. 
Doddridge and Tj/Zer— Samuel P. P. 

Randolph. 
Fayette and Raleigh — William 

Prince. 
Gilmer and Wirt — John E. Hays. 
Greenbrier — Benjamin P. Renick. 
Hampshire — Isaac Parsons and 

Jesse Lupton. 



DELEGATES. 

Marion — - Alpheus P. Haymond and 
John Barnes. 

Marshall — Bushrod Price. 

Mason — Griffith B. Thomas. 

Mercer — William M. Meadors. 

Monongalia — John B. Laugh and 
Henry Coombs. 

Monroe — John Taffany and Andrew 
Bierne. 

Morgan — ^George B. Dyche. 

Ohio — Thomas M. Gaily and John C. 
Campbell. 

Pendleton — James B. Kee. 

Pleasants and Ritchie — James Ma- 
lone. 

Pocahontas — Adam Nottingham. 



*In place of Cliarles S. T>ewis. rosiariPd. 
tin place of William L. .Tackson, i-esigned. 



1908] 



West Vikgimans in the Virgi.nia Assembly. 



141 



Hwdy — John H. Ca&siii. 

Harrison — Thomas L. Moore and 

Ancfrew S. Holden. 
Jackson — Squire M. Gallahue. 
Jefferson — James D. Gibson and 

Clarke W. Button. 
Kanaioha — Spicer Patrick, Daniel 

Smith. 
Lewis — John Brannon. 
Lofjan, Boone and Wyoming — Joseph 

Barrett. 



Preston — John A. F. Martin and 

William B. Zinn. 
Putnam — Robert T. Harvey. 
Randolph — John Phares. 
Taylor — Zadock Shields. 
Upshur — Washington Summers. 
Wayne — William Vinson. 
Wetzel — Charles Horner. 
WoofZ— John Jay Jackson. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 3, 1855, AND ENDING MARCH 19, 

1856. 

SENATORS. 

Hox. Elisha Wesley McCojias, of Kaxawha Cox^xty, Lieutenant-Gov- 
ERxoB President. 

Hampshire, Hardy, Morgan James D. Armstrong. 

Greeoibrier, Nicholas, Fayette, Pocahontas, Raleigh and Braxton . .Thomas 
Creigh. 

Harrison, Doddridge, Ritchie, Pleasants and Wood Uriel M. Turner. 

Barhour, Upshur, Lewis, Gilmer, and Randolph Albert G. Reger. 

Ohio, Brooke and Hancock Lewis Steenrod. 

Jefferson and Berkeley Francis Yates. 

Kanaivha, Boone Logan, Putnam and Wyoming Andrew Parks. 

Jackson, Mason, Cabell, Wayne and Wirt Fleet W. Smith. 

Wetzel, Marshall, Marion and Tyler James G. West. 

Preston, Monongalia and Taylor Jonathan Huddleson. 



DELEG 

Barhour — Joseph Daniels. 
Berkeley — R. D. Seaman and John 

Blair Hoge. 
Braxton and Nicholas — Marshall 

Trippett. 
Brooke and Hancock — O. W. Lang- 

fitt. 
Doddridge and Tyler — Absalom 

George. 
Fayette and Raleigh — William Ty- 

ree. 
Gilmer and Wirt — • Peregrine Hays. 
Greenbrier — A. W. G. Davis. 
Hampshire — Isaac Parsons and Asa 

Hiett. 
Hardy — Felix B. Welton. 
Harrison — Robert Johnson and An- 
drew S. Holden. 
Jackson — Daniel Frost. 



ates. 

Jefferson — Wells J. Hawks and 
Harris Towner. 

Kanawha — Benjamin H. Smith and 
•Charles Ruffner. 

Leivis — John Brannon. 

Logan, Boone and Wyoming — J. H. 
Anderson. 

Marion — Ulysses N. Arnett and 
John S. Barnes. 

Marshall — R. C. Holliday. 

Mason — Griffith B. Thomas. 

Mercer — Napoleon B. French. 

Monongalia — William Lantz and R. 
W. Caruthers. 

Monroe — Alexander Clarke and Al- 
exander D. Haynes. 

Morgan — Lemuel Vanorsdall. 

Ohio — James Paull, Gibson L. Cran- 
mer and John Brady. 



148 



Arcpiives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Pendleton — James B. Kee. 

Pleasants and Ritchie — James Col- 
lins. 

Pocahontas — Adam Nottingham. 

Preston — E. T. Brandon and J. A. F. 
Martin. 

Putnam — R. N. B. Thompson. 



Randolph — S. Bosworth. 
Taylor — Charles W. Newlon. 
Upshur — William C. Carper. 
Wayne — Jeremiah Wellman. 
Wetzel — David West. 
Wood — Arthur I. Boreman. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 7, 1857, AND ENDING APRIL S, 

1858. 

senators. 

Hon. William L. Jackson, of Wood County, Lieutenant-Governor, 

President. 

Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan James D. Armstrong. 

Mercer, Monroe, etc. Napoleon B. French. 

Greenbrier, Fayette, Nicholas, Raleigh, Braxton and Pocahoyitas. .'William 

Smith. 

Wood, Ritchie, Doddridge, Pleasants and Harrison Daniel R. Neal. 

Lewis, Barhour, Upshur, Gilmer, Randolph and Tucker. .. .Joan Brannon. 

Ohio, Brooke and Hancock Alfred Caldwell. 

Jefferson and Berkeley Francis Yates. 

Kanawha, Boone, Logan, Putnam, Wyoming, Roane and Calhoun. .. .John 

A. Warth. 

Jackson, Mason, Cabell, Wayne and Wirt Fleet W. Smith. 

Wetzel, Marshall, Marion and Tyler James G. West. 

Preston, Monongalia and Taylor Jonathan Huddleson. 



Barbour — Henry Sturm. 

Berkeley — • K. D. Seaman, John 

Blair Hoge. 
Braxton and Nicholas — Benjamin 

W. Byrne. * 

Brooke — Edward Smith. 
Cabell — Tnomas Thornburg. 
Doddridge and Tyler — John McKay. 
Fayette and Raleigh — William 

Prince. 
Gihner, Wirt and Calhotin — S. 

Stalnaker, 
Greenbrier — Thomas Creigh. 
Hampshire — Hugh Parrill and 

M. Powell. 
Hancock — George McC. Porter. 
Hardy — John H. Cassin. 
Harrison — Robert Johnston and D. 

D. Wilkinson. 
Jackson and Roane — J. H. Chase. 



delegates. 

Jefferson — Wells J. Hawks and Lo- 
gan Osburn. 

Kanawha — Charles Ruffner and 
Nicholas Fitzhugh. 

Leiois — William E. Lewis. 

Logan, Boone and Wyoming — Ever- 
mont Ward. 

Marion — Ulysses N. Arnett and Al- 
pheus F. Haymond. 

Marshall — Robert Alexander. 

Mason — Alexander Long. 

Mercer — James M. Bailey. 

Monongalia — Alfred M. Barbour and 
A. G. Davis. 

Monroe — Allen T. Caperton and A. 
A. Chapman. 

Morgan — Joseph S. Duckwall. 

Ohio — Andrew P. Woods, and Thom- 
as Sweeney. 

Pendleton — James B. Kee. 



G. 



R. 



1908] 



West Vibginians iist the Virginia Assembly. 



149 



Pleasants and Ritchie — Henry C. 

Creel. 
Pocahontas — Adam Nottingham. 
Preston — J. C. Kemple, R. E. 

Cowan. 
Putnam — R. N. B. Thompson. 



Randolph and Tucker — Samuel 

Crane.* 
Taylor — Mortimer H. Johnson. 
TJVshur — R. L. Brown. 
Wayne — John Plymale. 
Wetzel— E. Clarke. 
Wood — Arthur I. Boreman. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 5, 1859, AND ENDING APRIL 2, 

1860. 

SENATORS. 

Hampshire, Hardy, and Morgan James D. Armstrong. 

Mercer, Monroe, McDoivell, etc Napoleon B. French. 

Greenbrier, Fayette, Nicholas, Braxton, Raleigh, Pocahontas and Clay 

William Smith. 

Wood, Ritchie, Doddridge, Pleasants, and Han-ison Daniel R. Neal. 

Lewis, Barbour, Upshur, Gilmer, Randolph, and T^cfcer. .. .John Brannon. 

Ohio, Brooke and Hancock Alfred Caldwell. 

Jefferson and Berkeley Thomas M. Isbell. 

Kanawha, Boone, Logan, Putnam, Wyoming, Roane, and Calhoun 

William D. Pate." 

Mason, Jackson, Cabell, Wayne and Wirt William W. Newman. 

Marion, Wetzel, Marshall and Tyler James Neeson. 

Preston, Monongalia and Taylor Charles W. Newlon. 



DELEGATES. 



Barbour — Wm. Johnson. 

Berkeley — Wm. H. Mong and R. K. 
Robinson. 

Braxton, Nicholas, Clay — Joseph A. 
Aiderson. 

Brooke and Hancock — G. McC. Por- 
ter. 

Cabell — Henry B. Maupin. 

Doddridge and Tyler — S. P. F. Ran- 
dolph. 

Fayette and Raleigh — James Mont- 
gomery. 

Gilmer, Wirt and Calhoun — Robert 
R. Turner.t 

Greenbrier— Mason Mathews. 

Hampshire — Charles Blue and D. 
Gibson. 

Hardy — John H. Cassin. 



Harrison — John S. Hoffman and J. 

B. West. 
Jackson and Roane — Daniel Frost. 
Jefferson — John J. Locke, and John 

T. Gibson. 
Kanaivha — Isaac N. Smith and 

Isaiah A. Welch. 
Lewis — William E. Arnold. 
Logan, Boone and Wyoming — St. C. 

Ballard. 
Mercer — James M. Bailey. 
Monongalia — Andrew Brown and 

John Wallace. 
Monroe — ^uen T. Caperton, A. A. 

Chapman. 
Morgan — Joseph S. Duckwall. 
Mason — H. M. H'anley. 
Marion — inomas S. Haymond. 



*N0TE. — The seat of Samuel Crane, the returned delegate was successfully con- 
tested by Jacob Conrad, who, in pursuance of the decision of the House, took his 
seat .January 11th, 18.58. 

tThe Seat of Robert R. Turner, the returned delegate, was contested by Ab- 
salom Knotts, who, in pursuance of the decision of the House, took his seat January 
20, 18G0. 



150 



Archives axd History. 



[W. Va. 



Marshall — James D. Morris. 

Ohio — D. M. Edgington, John Knote, 

Nathaniel Richardson. 
Preston — R. E. Cowan and John 

Scott. 
Pendleton — James B. Kee. 
Pocahontas — James T. Lockridge, 
Pleasants and Ritchie — Lewis A. 

Phelps. 



Putnam — John J. Thompson. 
Randolph and Tucker — Samuel 

Crane. 
Taylor — James K. Smith. 
Upshur — Benjamin Bassel. 
Wood — Arthur I. Boreman. 
Wayne — James Ferguson. 
Wetzel — James P. Ferrill. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 2, 1861, AND ENDING MARCH 31, 

1862. 

SENATORS. 

Hampshire, Hardy and Morgan James D. Armstrong. 

Nicholas, Greenbrier, Fayette, Raleigh. Braxton, Pocahontas, Clay and 

part of Webster Joseph A. Alderson. 

Wood, Ritchie, Doddridge, Pleasants and Harrison (Vacancy.) 

Lewis, Barbour, Upshur, Gilmer, Randolph. Tucker and part of Webster 

John Brannon. 

Ohio, Brooke and Hancock- (Vacancy. » 

Jefferson and Berkeley Thomas M. Isbell. 

Boone, Kanawha, Logan, Putnam, Wyoming, Roane and Calhoun. .William 

D. Pate. 

Mason, Jackson, Cabell, Wayne and Wirt William W. Newman. 

Marion, Wetzel, Marshall and Tyler James Neeson. 

Taylor, Monongalia and Preston Charles W. Newlon. 



DELEGATES. 



Barbour — William Johnson. 

Berkeley — Israel Robinson and 
Adam Small. 

Braxton. Nicholas and Clay — Dun- 
can McLaughlin. 

Cabell — Albert Laidley. 

Fayette and Raleigh — John J. Cole- 
man. 

Greenbrier — Mason Mathews. 

Hampshire — A. W. McDonald, Jr., 
and Charles Blue. 



Hardy — Charles Williams. 
Jefferson — Thomas C. Green and 

Andrew Hunter. 
Logan. Boone and Wyoming — Isaac 

E. McDonald. 
Mercer — Robert A. Richardson. 
Monroe — Wilson Lively and John 

M. Rowan. 
Pendleton — Jam.es Boggs.* 
Pocahontas — James T. Lockridge. 



SESSION BEGINNING DECEMBER 7. 1863> AND ENDING MARCH 10, 

1864. 

SENATORS. 

Hampshire. Hardy, and Morgan James D. Armstrong. 

Nicholas, Greenbrier, Fayette. Raleigh^ Braxton. Pocahontas, Clay and 

Webster Joseph A. Alderson. 

Wood. Ritchie, Doddridge. Pleasants and Harrison. .Kenner B. Stephenson. 



*.7ames Boggs resigned, and R. P.. Dice elected to fill vaeaiicy. 



1908] 



West Virginians ix the Virginia Assembly. 



151 



Lewis, Barbour, Upshur, Gilmer, Randolph, Tucker and Webster . .John 

Braniion. 

Ohio, Brooke and Hancock Daniel M. Shriver. 

Jefferson and Berkeley Andrew Hunter. 

Logan, Kanatvha, Boone, Ptitnam, Wyoming, Roane and Calhoun. .Ja.mes 

M. Lawson. 

Mason, Jackson, Cabell. Wayne and Wirt William W. Newman. 

Marion, Wetzel, Marshall. Tyler James Neeson. 

Taylor, Monongalia, Preston Charles Newlon. 



DELEGATES. 



Barbour — William Johnson. 

Berkeley — Robert W. Hunter and 
Israel Robinson.* 

Boone, Logan and Wyoming — James 
A. Nighbert. 

Braxton, Nicholas, Clay and Web- 
ster — Luther D. Haymond. 

Brooke and Hancock — N. W. White. 

Cabell— P. C. ButRngton. 

Doddridge and Tyler — Samuel J. 
McMillan. 

Fayette and Raleigh — Benjamin R. 
xjinkous. 

Gilmer, Wirt and Calhoun — J. S. K. 
McCutchen. 

Greenbrier — Mason Mathews. 

Hampshire — Alexander Monroe and 
J. S. H'iett. 

Hardy — Charles Williams. 

Harrison — George W. Lurtyt and 
L. W. Holden. 

Jackson and Roane — George W. Du- 
val. 

Jefferson — Jacob S. Melvin and W. 
Burnett. 

Kanawha — Isaiah Welch and V. 
Kendrick. 

Lewis — William J. Bland. 



McDoioell (Tazewell and Buchanan) 
— Reece T. Bowen. 

Marion — Thomas S. Haymond and 
Stephen A. Morgan. 

Mason — James Hutcheson. 

Marshall — James M. Hoge. 

Mercer — Robert A. Richardson. 

Monongalia — Dudley Evans and D. 
B. Stewart. 

Monroe — John M. Rowan and Wil- 
son Lively. 

Morgan — George W. Sherrard. 

Ohio — Joseph H. Pendleton, Thomas 
A. Edwards and Alfred Hughes. 

Pendleton — E. T. Saunders. 

Pleasants and Ritchie — Bugenius 
Tibbs. 

Pocahontas — William L. McNeil. 

Preston — Robert E. Cowan and C. J. 
Cresap. 

Putnam — William E. H'erndon. 

Randolph and Tucker — B. W. Craw- 
ford. 

Taylor — John A. Robinson. 

Upshur — Willis H. Woodley. 

Wayne — J. M. Ferguson. 

Wetzel — Leonard S. Hall. 

Wood — Edward D. McGuire. 



SESSION OF 1865-1866. 



Session of December 4, 1865,— When this session began, the 
war was past; state division was an accomplished fact; and no 
member from the Trans- Allegheny Region — now West Virginia- - 
answered roll call in that bodv. No more were West Virginians to 



♦Robinson died — William P.. Colston elected. tLrirtv resigned — Vacancv. 



152 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

cross the Blue Ridge to participate in the legislation of the "Old 
Dominion." Henceforth, two states were to exist where but one 
had been before, and now the Mother and the Daughter— Virginia 
and West Virginia — were to reside upon the ancient estate. 



APPENDIX III. 



WEST VIRGINIANS WHO OCCUPIED SEATS IN VIRGINIA CONVEN- 
TIONS WHILE THE TWO STATES WERE ONE. 



(Sources — Journals and Documents of these Conventions — Force's American 
Archives — American State Papers — Stanard's "Colonial Virginia Register" — and 
Brenaman's "History of Virginia Conventions.") 

The Virginia Conventions, some of them at least, have been 
among the most important ever assembled in any American State. 
In all of these. West Virginians occupied seats, and that too with 
credit to themselves and the constituency which they represented. 
On the 24th of May, 1774, the House of Burgesses having heard 
that the commerce of Boston harbor was to be stopped on the first 
day of June ensuing, adopted a resolution denouncing the Boston 
Port Bill. This so enraged Lord Dunmore, the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of the Colony, that on the next day, he dissolved the House. 
Many of the burgesses departed for their homes, but twenty-five 
of them lingered in Williamsburg until May 30th, when they unite i 
in a call upon all the burgesses to reassemble in convention at 
that place on the 1st of August 1774. One of those who remained 
at Williamsburg and signed this call, was ROBERT RUTHER- 
FORD, a burgess from Berkeley county, West Virginia. 

THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT WILLIAMS- 
BURG, AUGUST 1, 1774; ADJOURNED AUGUST 6, ENSUING. 

(Total membership was 132.) 

DELEGATES FROJI WEST VIRGINIA. 

Berkeley County — Robert Ruther- 1 Hampshire County — James Mercer 
ford and Thomas Hite. and Joseph Nevill. 

THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT RICHMOND, 
MARCH 20, 1775; ADJOURNED MARCH 27, ENSUING. 

(Total membership was 121.) 

DELEGATES FROM WEST VIRGINIA. 

Hampshire county — James Mercer, j District of West Augusta — John Ne- 
BerJceley county — Adam Stephen I vill and John Harvie. 
and Robert Rutherford. I 



154 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT RICHMOND, 
JULY 17, 1775; ADJOURNED AUGUST 26, 1775. 

(Total membership was 105.) 

DELEGATES FROM WEST VIRGINIA. 

Berkeley county — Adam Stephen 1 District of West Augusta — John 

and Robert Rutherford. Harvie, and George Rootes. 

Hampshire county — James Mercer. 

THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT RICHMOND. 
DECEMBER 1, 1775, ADJOURNED JANUARY 20, 1776. 

(Total membership was 112.) 

DELEGATES FROM WEST VIRGINIA. 

Berkeley County — William Drew I Hampshire County — John Nevill 
and Robert Rutherford. | and James Mercer. 

THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION* WHICH ASSEMBLED AT WILLIAMS- 
BURG, MAY 6, 1776; ADJOURNED JULY 5, 3 776. 

(Total membership was 131.) 



DELEGATES FROM WEST VIRGINIA. 



Berkeley County — Robert Ruther- 
ford and William Drew. 

District of West Augusta — Charles 
Simms, and John Harvie. 



Hampshire County — Abraham Hite 
and James Mercer. 



THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT RICHMOND, 
JUNE 2, 1788; ADJOURNED JUNE 27, 1788. 

(Total membership was 172.) 

DELEGATES FKOJI WEST VIRGINIA. 



Berkeley County — William Darke 
and Adam Stephen.! 

Greenbrier County — George Clen- 
denin and John Stuart. 

Hampshire County — Ralph Humph- 
reys and Andrew Woodrow. 

Hardy County — Isaac VanMeter and 
Abel Seymour. 



Harrison County — George Jackson 

and John Prunty. 
Monongalia County — John Evans 

and William McCleery. 
Ohio County — Archibald Woods and 

Ebenezer Zane. 
Randolph County — Benjamin Wilson 

and John Wilson. 



*It was this Convention which framed the first Constitution for Virginia — the 
earliest dooument of its l<ind prepared for a free State in the annals of the world. 
It was in force until 1830 — a period of fifty-four years — under it twenty-one of the 
present counties of West Virginia were created, which with Hampshire and Berke- 
ley, formerly existing, made the number twenty-three, when this Constitution ceased 
to be operative. 

■\Speccli of General Aflnm St'^phei). of Berkrle)/ co\in1}i, ^Ve!<i Virptnia, in favor 
of the ratifieaiion of the Federal Conxfiiution: — ;XIi-. Stephen addressed the chair- 
man, but in so low a voice thar hf could not \w distinctly heard. — Pie described in a 
feeling manner the unhappy situation of the country, and the absolute necessity of 




A West Virginian Who Voted to Ratify the Federal Constitution. 
Colonel Archibald Woods, who was one of the Delegates from Ohio 
County to the Federal Convention at Richmond, in June, 1788; was born 
in Albemarle County, Virginia, November 14, 1764; served under General 
Greene in his North Carolina Campaign in 1781; settled in Wheeling at 
the close of the Revolution, when the whole of Northwestern Virginia was 
a frontier settlement, exposed to incursions of the Indians. Was for 
twenty years President of the Northwestern Bank of Virginia at Wheeling, 
organized in 1817, and the first banking institution in West Virginia. 
Died October 26, 1846, aged eighty-two years. Buried at the Stone Meet- 
ing House on Wheeling Creek. 



1908] West Virgimaxs in Virginia Coxvextioxs. 155 



This Convention met to ratify or reject the Federal Constitution 
which had been framed and recommended to the States by the 
Federal Convention on the 17th of September, 1787, at Phila- 
delphia. The only question was whether Virginia should ratify 
the new National Constitution. The opposition was led by Patrick 
Henry; and James Madison marshalled the forces for ratification. 
Of the sixteen members from "West Virginia, fifteen voted for ratifi- 
cation, while but one — John Evans, of Monongalia — voted against 
it. The total vote on ratification stood 89 yeas, and 70 nays — 
a majority of ten for ratification. Had the West Virginia members 
followed the leadership of Patrick Henry, Virginia would not have 
ratified the Federal Constitution — at least not then. 

THE VIRGINIA COXVE-NTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT RICH'MOND, 
OCTOBER 5, 1829; ADJOURNED JANUARY 15, 1830. 

(Total membership was 96.) 

DELEGATES FROM AVEST VIRGINIA. 



Berkeley County — Elisha Boyd and 

Philip Pendleton. 
Brooke County — Philip Doddridge 

and Alexander Campbell. 



Cahell County — John Laidley. 
Greenbrier County — William Smith. 
Hampshire County — William Taylor 
and William Donaldson. 



preventing a dismpmherment of the confederacy. I was, says he, sent hither to 
adopt the constitution as it is. but such is my regard for my fellow-citizens, that 
I would concur in amendments. The gentlemen on the other side have adduced no 
reasons or proofs to convince us, that the amendments should become a part of the 
system, before ratification. What reason have we to suspect, that persons, who are 
chosen from among ourselves, will not agree to the introduction of such amendment 
as will be desired by the people at large? — In all safe and free governments, there 
ought to be a judicious mixture of the three different kinds of government. This 
government is a compound of tliose different kinds. But the democratic kind pre- 
ponderates as it onght to do. The members of one- branch are immediately chosen 
by the people : and the people also elect in a secondary degree the members of the 
other two. — At present we iiave no confederate government. It exists but in name. 
- — The honorable gentlemen asked where is the genius of America? What else but 
that genius has stimulated the people to reform that government, which woeful 
experience has proved to be totally inefficient. What has produced the unison of 
sentiments in tlie states on this subject? I expected that filial duty and affection 
would have impelled him to enquire for the genius of Virginia — that genius which 
formerly resisted British tyranny, and in the language of manly intrepidity and 
fortitude said to that nation — thus far and no farther shall you proceed. What 
has become of that genius which spoke that maganimous language — that genius 
which produced the federal convention? Yonder she is in mournful attire, her hair 
dishevelled — distressed with grief and sorrow — supplicating our assistance, against 
gorgons, fiends and hydras, which are ready to devour her, and carry desolation 
throughout her country. She bewails the decay of trade and neglect of agriculture 
—her farmers discouraged — her ship-carpenters, blacksmiths and all other trades- 
men unemployed. .She casts her eyes on these, and deplores her inability to relieve 
them. She sees and laments that the profit of her commerce goes to foreign states. 
She further bewails 'hat all she ran raise by taxation is inadequate to her neces- 
sities. — She sees religion die by her side — public faith prostituted, and private con- 
fidence lost between man and man. Are the hearts of her citizens so deaf to com- 
passion that they will not go to her relief? If they are so infatuated, the dire 
consequences may be easily fof-eseen. — Expostulations must be made for the defec- 
tion of Virginia, when congress meets. They will enquire where she has lately 
discovered so much political wisdom — she that gave an immense tract of country 
to relieve the general distresses? — Wherein consists her superiority to her friends 
of South Carolina, and the respectable state of Massachusetts, who to prevent a 
dissolution of the iinicn. adopted the Constitution, and proposed such amendments 
as they thought necessary, placing confidence in the other states, that they would 
accede t-o them ? — After making several other remarks, he concluded by declaring 
that in his opinion, they were about to determine whether we should be one of the 
United States or not." (Sec '.Journal of the Convention", p. 459.) 



156 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Harrison County — Edwin S. Dun- 
can. 

Jefferson County — Hierome L. Opie* 
and Thomas Griggs, Jr. 

Kanawha County — Lewis Summers. 



Monongalia County — Charles S. 
Morgan and Eugenius M. Wilson. 
Monroe County — Andrew Bierne. 
Pendleton County — William McCoy. 
Pocahontas County — John Baxter. 
Randolph County — Adam See. 



This Conventi'on assembled for the purpose of amending the 
Constitution of the State. The Act of Assembly passed February 
10, 1829, provided that the membership of the Convention should 
consist of four members from each of the twenty-four Senatorial 
Districts. The Convention found it necessary to frame an entirely 
new Constitution. It was submitted to the people for ratification 
and the vote stood 26,055 for the Constitution, and 15,563 votes 
against it. The people of what is now West Virginia, were opposed 
to the Constitution because they had not been able to secure therein, 
the reforms they sought, and the vote within the bonds of said 
State stood 1,383 for ratification, and 8,365 against it. 

THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED IN THE STATE 
HOUSE AT RICHMOND, OCTOBER 14, 18-50; AND ADJOURNED 

AUGUST 1, 1851. 

(Total membership was 135.) 

DELEGATES FROM WEST VIRGINIA. 



Barbour County — John S. Carlile. 

Berlceley County — Charles James 
Faulkner and Dennis Murphy. 

Cabell County — Elisha McComas. 

Gilmer County — Samuel L. Hays. 

Greenbrier County — Samuel Price 
and William Smith. 

Hamjjshire County — Charles Blue 
and Thomas Sloan. 

Hardy County — William Seymour. 

Harrison County — Joseph Johnson 
and Gideon D. Camden. 

JacJcson County — Joseph Smith. 

Jefferson County — Andrew Hunter 
and William Lucas. 

Kanawha County — Geoge W. Sum- 
mers and Benjamin H. Smith. 

Lewis County — Thomas Bland. 



Logan County — James H. Ferguson. 

Marion County — James Neeson. 

Mason County — Henry J. Fisher. 

Marshall County — Jefferson T. Mar- 
tin. 

Monongalia County — Waitman T. 
Willey. 

Monroe County — Augustus A. Chap- 
man and Allen T. Caperton. 

Morgan County — James E. Stewart 

Ohio County — John Knote, Zacha 
riah Jacob, and Thomas M. Gaily, 

Pendleton County — A. M. Newman 

Preston County — William G. Brown 

Taylor County — Edward J. Arm 
strong. 

Wood County — John T. Snodgrass 
and Peter G. Van Winkle. 



Again there was a demand for a revision of the Constitution and 
in compliance with this, the General Assembly passed an Act, 



place. 



"Hierome L. Opie resigned his seat and .Tames M. Mason was chosen In his 



190S] 



West Virginians in Virginia Conventions. 



157 



March 9, 1850, submitting the question of calling a convention for 
this purpose. In April following the people voted largely in favor 
of the Convention. The election of delegates took place in August 
ensuing. Again these were chosen by Senatorial Districts. Oa 
the 30th of July 1851, the Convention adopted the Constitution 
which it had framed by a vote, 75 yeas to 33 nays ; and on the 23d, 
24th, and 25th of October ensuing, the people ratified it by a vote of 
75,748 for ratification and 11,060 against ratification. 

THE VIRGINIA CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT 
RICHMOND, FEBRUARY 13, 1861 ; AND ADJOURN- 
ED SINE DIE NOVEMBER 6, 1861. 



(Total Membership was 152.) 



DELEGATES FROM WEST VIRGINIA. 



Barbour County — Samuel Woods. 

Berkeley County — Allen C. Ham- 
mond and Edmund Pendelton. 

Braxton, Nicholas, Clay and Web- 
ster — Benjamin W. Byrne. 

Brooke County — Campbell Tarr. 

Cabell County — Wm. McComas. 

Doddridge and Tyler — Chapman J. 
Stuart. 

Fayette and Raleigh — Henry L. Gil- 
lispie. 

Gilmer, Wirt arid Calhoun — C. B. 
Conrad. 

Greenbrier County — Samuel Price. 

Hampshire County — Edward M. 
Armstrong and David Pugh. 

Hancock County — George McC. Por- 
ter. 

Hardy County — Thomas Maslin. 

Harrison County — John S. Carlile 
and Benjamin Wilson. 

Jackson and Roane — Franklin P. 
Turner. 

Jefferson County — Alfred M. Bar- 
bour and Logan Osburn. 

Kanawha County — George W. Sum- 
mers and Spicer Patrick. 

Lewis County — Caleb Boggess. 



Logan, Boone and Wyoming — James 

Lawson. 
Marion County— K\\)hQn& F. Hay- 

mond and Ephraim B. Hall. 
Marshall County — James Burley. 
Mason. County — James H. Couch. 
Mercer County — Napoleon B. 

French. 
Monongalia County — Waitman T. 

Willey, and Marshall M. Dent. 
Monroe County — Allen T. Caperton 

and John Echols. 
Morgan County — Johnson Orick. 
Ohio County — Sherrard Clemens 

and Chester D. Hubbard. 
Pendleton County — Henry H. Mas- 
ters. 
Pocahontas County — Paul McNeil. 
Pleasants and Ritchie — Cyrus Hall. 
Preston County — Wm. G. Brovs^n and 

James C. McGrew. 
Putnam County — James W. Hoge. 
Randolph and Tucker — John N. 

Hughes. 
Taylor County — John S. Burdett. 
Upshur County — George W. Berlin. 
Wayne County — • Burwell Spurlock. 
Wetzel OoMniy— Leonard S. Hall. 
Wood County — John J. Jackson. 



The autumn of 1860 was a time fraught with matters of the 
gravest importance. Governor John Letcher, influenced by the 



158 Akchives and History. [W. Va. 

pressure of the times, issued a proclamation convening the General 
Assembly in extra session, January 7, 1861. Seven days later an 
Act was passed providing for a Convention of the People of Vir- 
ginia, the delegates to which were chosen in the same manner 
as prescribed for the election of members of the Assembly. The 
morning of the 13th of February 1861, witnessed a memorable 
scene in and around the old Sl^ate House at Richmond. There Vir- 
ginia had convened her renowned Jurists, profoundest thinkers and 
literary characters, among them being men who had held higli 
positions in the councils of the State and Nation. The Convention 
held sessions as follows : 

Regular Session beginning Wednesday, February 13, 1861, and 
ending May 1, 1861. 

First Adjourned Session began June 12, 1861 and ended July 1. 
1861. 

Second Adjourned Session began Wednesday, November 13, 1861, 
and ended December 6, 1861. 

The Convention organized by electing John Janney of Loudoun 
county (now in Virginia) President, and John L. Eubank of tha 
city of Richmond, Secretary. A committee on Federal Relations 
was appointed and then the Convention entered upon w^eeks o£ 
work. On the 16th of April, an Ordinance of Secession was re- 
ported from this Committee, which on the next day, was adopted 
by the Convention, the vote standing 88 yeas to 55 nays. 

HOW WEST VIRGINIANS VOTED ON THE ORDINANCE OF 

SECESSION. 

Those voting for it were Allen T. Caperton, John Echols, 
Napoleon B. French, James Lawson, Johnson Orick, Henry L. Gil- 
lespie, Cyrus Hall, Leonard S. Hall, John N. Hughes, Samuel Woods 
and Franklin P. Turner — eleven in all. 

Those voting against it were : — Edward M. Araistrong, George 
W. Berlin, Caleb Boggess, Wm. G. Bro^vn, John. S. Burdett, James 
Burley, Benjamin W. Byrne, John S. Carlile, Sherrard Clemens, 

C. B. Conrad, James H. Couch, Alpheus F. Haymond, Chester 

D. Hubbard, John J, Jackson, Wm. McComas, James C. McGrew, 
Henry H. Masters, Logan Osburn, Spicer .Patrick, Edmund Pendle- 
ton, George' McC. Porter, Samuel Price, David Pugh, Marshall M. 
Dent, Ephraim B. , Hall, Allen C. Hanmiond, James W. Hoge. 
Burwell Spurlock, Chapman J. Stuart, George W. Summers, Camp- 
bell Tarr, and Waitman T. Willey — thirty-two in all. 



3908] West Virci-\ia>s ix Virginia Convextions. 159 

• Those not voting were Thomas IMaslin, Benjamin Wilson, Alfred 
M. Barbour, and Paul McNeil — four in all. 

Those who voted in the negative and afterwards changed to 
the affirmative, were George W. Berlin and Alpheus F. Haymond. 

Those who did not change from the negative to the affirmative, 
but afterwards signed the Ordinance of Secession were Alfred 
M. Barbour and Paul ]McXeil. 

West ViKGiNi.ysrs Expelled — Vacancies Filled: — On the 19th 
of April, John S. Carlile left Richmond for his home in Harrison 
county, and the next day, there was a meeting of West Virginia 
members held in a room at the Powhatan Hotel (now Ford's) in 
Richmond to determine upon a couree of action. Those present 
were James Burley, Sherrard Clemens, Marshall ]\I. Dent, Eph- 
raim B. Hall, Chester D. Hubbard, John J. Jackson, James C. 
McG-rew, Spieer Patrick, Chapman J. Stuart, George McC. Porter, 
Campbell Tarr, and possibly one or two others. Neither Waitman 
T. Willey nor William G. Brown was present, they not having been 
notified of its hurried gathering. General Jackson acted as chair- 
man. All resolved to leave the Convention City the next morning 
for their homes, proceeding by way of Alexandria and Washington 
City, and this was done. George W. Summers, James W. Hoge, 
Caleb Boggess, James H. Couch, and others returned to their 
homes within the next few days, thus leaving the West Virginia 
niv'mbership in the Convention greatly reduced. 

On Thursday, June 20, 1861, Alpheus F. Haymond, one of the 
Delegates from IMarion County, West Virginia, and Chairman of 
the Committee on Elections and Privileges, presented a "Report 
in Relation to Absent Members" in which it w^as stated that this 
Committee "had come to the following conclusions and observa- 
tions, ' ' to wit : 

First, As to the members of the Convention who are absent : 
Caleb Boggess, of Lewis county ; Sherrard Clemens, of Ohio county ; 
John Echols, of Monroe county ; James W. Hoge, of Putman county ; 
Thomas Maslin, of Hardy county; Spieer Patrick, of Kanawha 
county ; Edmund Pendleton, of Berkeley county ; Burwell Spurlock, 
of Wayne county; Franklin P. Turner, of Jackson county; and 
Benjamin Wilson, of Harrison county, who have not as yet attend- 
ed the Convention during its present session (the first adjourned 
session) ; some are in the field serving the State; some are detained 
on account of sickness, and others are absent from causes unknown 
to the Committee. It has not been able to ascertain that anv ol 



IGO Aechi\-es axd History. [W. Va. 

these members are absent from their seats by reason of disloyalty 
to Virginia or sympathy with her enemy." 

Secondly, As to certain other absent members: — It appearing 
1)0 the satisfaction of the Committee that William G. Brown and 
James C. ]McGrew, of Preston county; James Bnrley, of ^Marshall 
county ; John S. Burdett, of Taylor county ; John S. Carlile, of 
Harrison county; Marshall M. Dent and Waitman T. Willey, of 
Monongalia county; Chester D. Hubbard, of Ohio county; George 
McC. Porter, of Hancock county ; Chapman J. Stuart, of Doddridge 
county ; Campbell Tarr, of Brooke count}^ ; and John J. Jack- 
son, of Wood county, elected members of this Convention, have 
been engaged in a conspiracy against the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia, and are now engaged in aiding and abetting the open enemies 
of Virginia:— Therefore, RESOLVED, That the said AVilliam G. 
Brown, John S. Burdett, John S. Carlile, :\Iarshall :\I. Dent, Wait- 
man T. Willey, Chester D. Hubbard, John J. Jackson, George McC. 
Porter, Chapman J. Stuart and Campbell Tarr, be and they are 
hereby expelled from this Convention, and that their seats as 
members of this Convention be and are hereby declared vacant." 

"Thirdly, The Committee further report that James H. Couch, 
of Mason county; and George W. Summers, of Kanawha county, 
have resigned their seats ; that elections to fill their vacancies have 
been held, but official information has not been received as to 
who is elected.'' 

On motion the Report w^as laid on the table, ordered printed, 
and the Committee instructed to report the testimony on which 
the Report was based." See Journal of the Convention, Vol. I. p- 
257, and Document XXVII. Vol. II. 

On June 28th, the Resolution in the above Report came up for 
action. A division of the question was demanded and ordered. 
The next day the name of William G. Brown of Preston county, 
was called aucl he was expelled by a vote of seventy-three yeas to 
eleven nays. Then James Burley and John S. Burdett were ex- 
pelled the same day the vote standing eighty -five yeas: nays one. 
Next came the name of John S. Carlile who was expelled, the vote 
being eighty-two yeas: nays one. Then the seats of IMarshall 1\I. 
Dent, Ephraim B. Hall, and Chester D. Hubbard were declared 
vacant. John J. Jackson was expelled at the same time the vote 
standing seventy-nine yeas; and six nays. The question was then 
severally put on the Resolution so far as it related to James C. 
McGrew, George McC. Porter, Chapman J. Stuart and Campbell 



1908] West Virgi>ians ix Virgima Conve.ntioxs. 161 



Tarr, and they were expelled. Mr. Ilaymond of ]\Iarion county, 
the chairman of the Committee, then moved that so much of tho 
Resolution as related to Waitman T. Willey be recommitted to 
the Committee. This was on Saturday June 29th and on Monday, 
July 1st the Convention adjourned to meet again on the 13th of 
November ensuing. 

It reassembled at the time, this being the beginning of the seeoni 
adjourned session. Three days later — November 16th — the Con- 
vention adopted the following resolution : 

"RESOLVED, That Waitman T. Willey be and he is hereby ex- 
pelled as a member of this body on account of his disloyalty to 
the Confederate States and his adherence to the enemies of the 
same." (See Journal of the Convention, Vol, I. p. 326.) Meantime, 
John N. Hughes, the delegate from Randolph county had been 
killed in the Confederate army at the Battle of Rich Mountain, 
July 11, 1861. 

November 18th, Mr. Haymond reported Document 34, which 
provided for filling vacancies in the membership of the Convention. 
During the recess between July 1st and November 13th, elections 
were held in the Confederate military (jamps from the West Vir- 
ginia counties in which there were vacancies, and the soldiers voted 
for successors to the members who had been expelled,. Six soldiere 
from Marion county voted at the Court House in Richmond and 
elected a successor to Ephraim B. Hall. 

On the 19th of November the Convention adopted a Preamble 
and Resolution as follows: 

"WHEREAS, vacancies have occurred in the representation of 
the counties of Ohio, Brooke, Marshall, Marion, Monongalia, Pres- 
ton, Taylor, Harrison, and Wood, by the expulsion of the late 
delegates from the said counties ; and in the Randolph-Tucker 
Delegate District by the death of John N. Hughes, killed in the bat- 
tle of Rich Mountain. — 

AND WHEREAS, These vacancies could not be filled in the mode 
prescribed by law, in consequence of the occupation of said conn- 
ties by the public enemy — 

AND WHEREAS, The Governor in order to provide for tlie 
exigency, issued a proclamation (advisory in its character) in- 
viting the loyal citizens of those counties to vote in their respective 
camps for delegates to fill these vacancies. Under said proclama- 
tion, elections were accordingly held in several camps, at which 



162 Archives axd History. [W. Va. 

elections Joseph H. Pendleton was chosen as the successor of Chester 

D. Hubbard of Ohio county ; Joseph D. Pickett, to succeed Camp- 
bell Tarr of Brooke county ; Jett'erson T. Martin to succeed James 
Burley of Marshall county; Stephen A. Morgan as the successor 
of Ephraim B. Hall of ^Marion county ; Jonathan M. Heck to suc- 
ceed Marshall M. Dent of ^lonongalia county; Robert E. Cowan 
and C. J. C. Cresap to succeed William Gr. Brown and James C. 
McG-rew, respectively, of Preston county ; John A. Robinson to 
succeed John S. Burdett of Taylor county ; William P. Cooper to 
succeed John S. Carlile of Harrison county ; Edward D. ]\rcGuire 
as the successor of John J. Jackson of Wood county ; and Jacob 
W. Marshall to succeed Jolm N. Hughes of the Randolph-Tucker 
Delegate District. 

BE IT THEREFORE ORDAIXED, That said elections be and 
the same are hereby ratified, and the said Joseph H. Pendleton, 
Joseph D. Pickett, Jefferson T. ]\Iartin. Jonathan IM. Heck, Robert 

E. Cowan, C. J. C. Cresap, Stephen A. ]\Iorgan, John A. Robinson, 
William P. Cooper, Edward D. IMcGiiire and Jacol) W. IMarshall, 
are hereby admitted to seats in this Convention." This was adopt- 
ed November 29th, by a vote of si'venty-nine yeas to twenty nays. 
All occupied their seats: — Pendleton, Martin, Heck, Cowan, Cre- 
sap, Morgan, Cooper, ^Marshall and ^NleGuire. — on November 20th : 
Robinson on the 27th ; and Pickett on the •ith of December, ensuing. 

On the 22d of November, the Committee on elections Avas in- 
structed to in([uire into the absence of Sherrai'd Clemens, a delegat" 
from Ohio county; Benjamin Wilson from Harrison county; and 
Caleb Boggess from Lewis county ; and report to the Convention 
whether such absence was due to their disloyalty to the State ov 
Confederate States, and if so whether they should n(»t l)e expelled. 
See Journal of the Convention, Vol. I, P. 35-4. 

November 29th, the Committee submitted a Report stating tliat 
its members were satisfied that Sherrard Clemens and Caleb Bog- 
gess were absent from the Convention by reason of disloyalty to 
the Commonwealth of Virginia and the Confederate States; and 
should therefore be expelled from the Convention ; that the Com- 
mittee had no evidence of the disloyalty of Benjamin Wilson nor 
to explain his absence. This was laid on the table. Decembt r 
4tJi, Franklin P Turner of Jackson county endeavored to secure 
action on this Report, but was unable to do so. Two days later it 
was again called up but action postponed. It was the last day oc 
the Convention and the matter was nevermore heard of. 



APPENDIX IV. 



SOME HISTORY OF THE RESTORED GOVERNMENT OF 
VIRGINIA FROM 1861 TO 1865. 



The most remarkable chapter in the history of the government 
of the individual American States, is that which treats in detail 
of the RESTORED GOVERNMENT OF VIRGINIA from 1861 to 
1865. It has been called a "Reorganized Government," and a 
"Provisional Government," but it was neither. The people of 
Northwestern Virginia foreswore their allegience to the old Vir- 
ginia State Government, but upon its ruins, as it were, they •re- 
stored the exact form, giving a strict adherence to its constitutional 
and statutory forms of law. There was reorganization, but not 
change. It was their abstinence from the introduction of any new 
elements of revolution, an avoidance as far as possible, of all new 
and original theories of government. It was an adherence to the old 
constitutional standard of principle, and to the traditional habits 
and thoughts of the people — a strict adherence ' ' to. the old Model ' '-- 
the Virginia Government of former days. Hence it was a restora- 
tion of a governmental form well known to the people — a "Re- 
stored Government" — • one designed for the whole State, and not 
for a part of it. Its existence made possible the formation of the 
State of West Virginia. 

The Ordinance of Secession was adopted by the Virginia Con- 
vention, sitting at Richmond, April 17, 1861. JMany of the people 
of Northwestern Virginia had, in county conventions, expressed 
in no uncertain terms, their disapproval of this actiwi. In some 
of these meetings they had vowed determined resistance thereto; 
but it remained for the first call for united action to go out from 
Clarksburg — the birth-place of Stonewall Jackson. Here on the 
22d of April, 1861, nearly twelve hundred citizens of Harrison 
county convened' in compliance with a call issued forty-eight hours 
before. The meeting was organized by electing John Hursey, 
Chairman, and John W. Harris, Secretary. By resolution this 
body recommended to "the people of the counties of Northwestern 



164 



Aechives and Histoby. 



[W. Va. 



Virginia to appoint delegates not fewer than five in number, of 
their wisest, 'best and most discreet men to assemble in Convention 
at Wheeling, on the 13th of May ensuing, to consult and determine 
upon such action as the people of Northwestern Virginia should 
take in the fearful emergency." An "Address" containing this 
recommendation was printed and messengers bore copies thereof 
to adjoining and adjacent counties. Others were distributed along 
the lines of railroad westward to Wheeling and Parkersburg; and 
eastward to Martinsburg and even to the Lower Potomac. The 
time was short, the emergency great, and from Hancock to Wayne, 
and from Wood to Hampshire, the people hastened to comply with 
the request sent out from Clarksburg. Meetings were held in 
counties, in cities and towns, at school-houses, and cross-roads, and 
delegates appointed to the proposed Convention at Wheeling. Time 
passed by and brought the eventful day. 

THE FIRST CONVENTION OF THE PEOPLE OF NORTHWESTERN 
VIRGINIA AT WHEELING. 

(Convened in Washington Hall, May 13, 1861; adjourned May 15th en- 
suing. In session three days.) 

MEMBERSHIP REPORTED BY COUNTIES. 



Barbour County — E. H. Menafee, 
Spencer Dayton and John H. 
Shuttleworth. 

Berkeley County — A. R. McQuilkin, 
John W. Dailey, and J. S. Bowers. 

Brooke County — Adam Kuhn, David 
Kervey, Campbell Tarr, Nathaniel 
Wells, J. R. Burgoine, James 
Archer, Jesse Edgington, R. L. 
Jones, James A. Campbell, Rob- 
ert C. Nicholls, Joseph Gist, John 

G. Jacob, Eli Green, John D,. Nich- 
ols, Bazeleel W-ells and Mont- 
gomery Walker. 

Doddridge County — J. Cheveront, S. 
S. Kinney, J. Smith, James A. 
Foley, J. P. F. Randolph. 

Frederick County — George S. Sen- 
seney. 

Ho^mpshire County — Owen D. Dow- 
ney, George W. Broski, Dr. B. B. 
Shaw, George W. Sheetz, George 
W. Rizer. 

Hancock County — George McC. Por- 



ter, W. L. Crawford, Louis R. 
Smith, J. C. Crawford, B. J. 
Smith, Thomas Anderson, Wil- 
liam B. Freeman, W. C. Murrj% J. 
L. Freeman, John Gardner, Geo. 
Johnston, J. S. Porter, James Ste- 
venson, J. S. Pomeroy, R. Brene- 
men, Daniel Donalioo, D. S. Nich' 
Olson, Thayer Melvin, Ewing 
Turner, James H. Pugh, H. Farns- 
worth, James G. Marshall, Sam- 
uel Freeman, John Mahan, David 
Jenkins, William Hewitt, William 
Brown, A. Moore, D. C. Pugh, Jon- 
athan Allison, John H. Atkinson, 
Joseph W. Allison. 

Harrison County — ^ John S. Carlile, 
Thomas L. Moore, John J. Davis. 
Solomon S. Fleming, Felix S. 
Sturm, James Lynch, William E. 
Lyon, Lot Bowen, Dr. Duncan, 
Waldo P. Goff, Benjamin F. Shut- 
tleworth. 

Jackson County — Andrew Flesher, 
David Woodruff, C. M. Rice, Geo. 



3908] 



The Restored Government of Virginia. 



1G5 



Leonard, J. F. Scott, G. L. Ken- 
nedy, J. V, Rowley. 
JLewis County— T. M. Chalfant, Al- 
exander Scott Withers, J. W. Hud- 
son, Perry M. Hale, J. Woofter, 
W. L. Grant, J. A. J. Lightburn. 
Marion County— R. R. Brown, J. C. 
Beeson, Isaac Holman, Thomas H. 
Barnes, Hiram Haymond, Harvey 
Merrifleld, G. W. Jolliffe, John 
Chisler, Thomas Hough, William 
Beatty, James G. Beatty, Aaron 
Hawkins, Jacob Sturm, Francis 
H. Pierpont, Jesse Shaw, Joshua 
Carter. 
MarslraJl Count]/— Jolan H. Dickey, 
John Parkinson, Thomas Morris, 
W. Alexander, John Laughlin, W. 
T. Head, J. S. Parriott, William 
J. Purdy, H. C. Kemple, Joseph 
Turner, Hiram McMechen, E. H'. 
Caldwell, James Garvin, L. Gard- 
ner, H. A. Francis, Thomas Dow- 
ler, John R. Morrow, William 
Wasson, Nat Wilson, Thomas 
Morgan, S. Dorsey, Jr., R. B. Hun- 
ter, J. W. McCarriher, J. B. Mor- 
ris, R. C. Holliday, William Col- 
lins, W. R. Kimmons, G. W. Ev- 
ans, William McFarland, J. Horn- 
brook, John Reynolds, Remem- 
brance Swan, J. B. Hornbrook, 
James Campbell, F. Clement, J. 
Winders, William Baird, Dr. 
Marshman, William Luke, J. Gar- 
vin, S. Ingram, William Phillips, 
Jr., A. Francis, Thomas Wilson. 
Lot Enix, G. Hubbs, John Wilson, 
John Ritchie. J. W. Bonar, J. Al- 
ley, S. B. Stidger, Asa Browning, 
Samuel Wilson, J. McCondell, A. 
Bonar, D. Price, G. W. Evans, D. 
Roberts, George Hubbs. Thomas 
Dowler, R. Alexander, E. Conner, 
Charles Snediker, John Winters, 
Nathan Fish. V. P. Gorby, Alfred 
Gaines. J. S. Riggs, Alexander 
Kemple, Joseph McCombs, W. Al- 
exander. 



Mason County — Joseph S. Machir, 
Lemuel Karpold, William E. Wet- 
zel, Jonn Godley, Wyatt Willis, 
William Wiley Harper, William 
Harpold, Daniel Polsley, Samuel 
Davies, J. N. Jones, Samuel Yea- 
ger, R. C- M. Lovell, Barney J. 
Rollins, David C. Sayre, Charles 
H. Bumgardner, John O. Butler, 
Timothy Russell, John Hall, A. 
A. Rogers, William Hopkins, Eu- 
gene B. Davis, David Rossin, Asa 
Brigham, Charles B. Waggener, 
John M. Phelps, Stephen Corn- 
stock, W. C. Starr, John Greer, 
Appolo Stevens, Major Brown, 
John J. Weaver. 
Monongalia County — Waitman T. 
Willey, James Evans, Leroy Kra- 
mer, William A. Hanaway, Wil- 
liam Lazier, Elisha Coombs, 
George McNeeley, Henry Dering, 
Dr. H. N. Mackey, Evans D. Fo- 
gle, James T. M. Laskey, James 
T. Hess, Charles H. Burgess, 
John Bly, William Price, Dr. A. 
Brown, Dr. J. V. Boughner, D. P. 
Fitch, E. B. Taggart, Alpheus 
Garrison, Dr. John McCarl, J. A. 
Wiley, Joseph Snyder, Joel Bowls- 
by, Amos S. Bowlsby, A. Derra- 
net, N. C. Vandervort, Daniel 
Wliite, Dr. D. B. Dorsey, Jacob 
Miller, Dr. Isaac Scott, Marshall 
M. Dent, Rev. Peter T. Laishley, 
Edward P. St. Clair, William B. 
Shaw, P. L. Rice, Joseph Jolliffe, 
William Anderson. 
Ohio County — John Alman, L. S. De- 
laplain, J. R. Stifel, Gibson 
Lamb Cranmer, Alfred Caldwell, 
John McLure, Jr., Andrew Wilson, 
George Forbes, A. J. Woods. 
Thomas H. Logan, James S. 
Wheat, George W. Norton, N. H. 
Garrison, E. Buchanan, John Pier- 
son, P. Witham, Perry Whitten, 
E. McCaslin, A. B. Caldwell, John 
R. Hubbard, A. F. Ross, William 
B. Curtis, John Steiner, Daniel 



16G 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Lamb, Chester D. Hubbard, H. 
Armstrong, S. H. "Woodward, 
James W. Paxton, A. A. Handlan, 
Stephen Waterhouse, J. Horn- 
brook, L. D. Waitt, John K. Bots- 
ford, George Bowers, Robeit 
Crangle, J. M. Bickel, James 
Panll, John C. Hoffman, Jacob 
Berger, A. Bedillion, Sr., George 
Tingle, Samuel McCulloch, J. C. 
Orr. 

Pleasants County — Friend Cochran, 
Robert Parker, R. A. Cramer, 
James W. Williamson. 

Preston County — Harrison Hagans, 
R. C. Crooks, W. H. King, James 
W. Brown, Charles Hooton, Sum- 
mers McCrum, William B.. Zinn, 
W. T. Brown, Reuben Morris, D. 
A. Letzinger, John Howard, G. H. 
Kidd, James A. Brown, William 
P. Fortney. 

Ritchie County — Noah Rexroad, D. 
Rexroad, J. P. Harris, A. S. Cole. 

Roane County — Irwin C. Stump. 

Taylor County — J. Means, J. M. Wil- 
son, T. Kennedy, Thomas Gather, 
John S. Burdett, J. J. Allen, B. 
Bailey, George R. Latham, T. T. 
Monroe, J. J. Warren. 

Tyler County — Daniel D. Johnson, 
Daniel Sweeney, V. Smith, W. B. 
Kerr, J. C. Parker, James M. 
Smith, J. H. Johnston, Isaac Da- 
vis, S. H. Hawkins, D. King, Wil- 
liam Prichard. 

Upshur County — W. H. Williams, 
C. P. Rohrbaugh. 

Wayne County — William W. Brum- 
fleld, C. Spurlock, F. Moore, Wil- 
liam H. Copley, Walter Queen. 

Wetzel County — F. E. Williams, Jo- 
seph Murphy, Elijah Morgan, Wil- 
liam Burrows, B. T. Bowers, J. R. 



Brown, J. M. Bell, Jacob Young, 
Reuben Martin, R. Reed, Sr., 
Richard Cook, A. McEldowney, B. 
VanCamp, John McClaskey, S. 
Stephens, R. W. Lauck, John Al- 
ley, Thomas McQuown, George W. 
Bier, William D. Walker. R. S. 
Sayers. 

Wirt County — Henry Newman, E. T. 
Graham, B. Ball. 

Wood County — S. L. A. Burche, 
John J. Jackson, Sr., J. D. Ingram. 
A. Laughlin, Wellington Vroo- 
man, J. C. Rathbone, G. E. 
Smith, D. K. Baylor, M. Woods, 
Andrew Alls, Joseph Dagg, Jr., N. 
W. Warlow, Peter Riddle, John 
Paugh, T. E. McPherson, Thomas 
Leach, S. S. Spencer, E. Deem, 
N. H. Colston, A. Hinckley, Ben- 
nett Cook, George W. Henderson, 
George Loomis, J. L. Padgett, 
S. D. Compton, S. N. Peterson, G. 
H. Ralston, V. A. Dunbar, A. R. 
Dye, W. H. Baker, William John- 
ston, Jr., Dr. Jesse Burche, S. Og- 
den, Sardis Cole, P. Reed, John 
McKibben, W. Athey, C. Hunter, 
W. P. Davis, R. H'. Burke, George 
Compton, C. M. Cole, Roger Tif- 
fins, Edward Hoit, W. B. Caswell. 
Peter Dils, W. F. Henry, A. C. 
McKinsey, Rufus Kinnard, John 
J. Jackson, Jr., C. J. Neal. J. G. 
Blackford, Henry Cole, W. E. 
Stevenson, Jesse Murdock. J. 
Burche, J. Morrison, A. H. Hatch- 
er. A. Mather, Charles B. Smith, 
Arthur Drake, H. Rider, B. H. 
Bukey, John W. Moss. R. S. 
Smith, M. P. Amiss, T. Huntei', 
J. Barnett, T. S. Conley and J. J. 
Neal. 



THE TEMPORAKY AND PERMANENT OROAXIZTIOX.* 

William B. Zinn. of Preston County Temporary President. 

George R. Latham, of Taylor County Temporary Secretary. 



*A number of Vice-rresidents were appointed but their names have not been 
found in any records which I have examined.— r. A. L. 



lOOSl The Restored Goverxjiext ok Virginia. 167 



Dr. John W. Moss, of Wood County Permanent President. 

Charles B. Waggener, of Mason County. Marshall M. 

Dent, of Monongalia and Gibson L. Cranmer. 

of Ohio County < Permanent Secretaries. 

James R. Ewing, of Ohio County Sergeant-at-Arms. 

A. Clemens and R. Higgens Doorkeepers. 

It lias been stated that this was a ^lass Convention. This is not 
true. The members were chosen as delegates by the people of 
their respective counties in compliance with .the "Call" sent out 
from Clarksburg. In Wood county and. perhaps, one or two others, 
it was resolved that any good Union m(Mi therefrom, presi^nt at the 
Wheeling Convention, should be delegates therein. On: the first 
day a Committee on Credentials was apix)inted, Andrew Flesher, 
a delegate from Jackson county, being Chairman thereof. At threo 
o'clock this Committee reported duly accredited delegates from th>^ 
counties of Hancock, Brooke, Ohio, IMarion, ^lonongalia, Harrison, 
Preston, Wood, Riteliie, Lewis, Upshur, Gilmer, AVirt. Jackson, 
Mason, Wetzel, Pleasants, Barbour, Hampshire, Berkeley, Taylor,. 
Tyhu-, Doddridge, Roane, Frederick,, and JMarshall — twenty six in 
all. The total vote by counties for President at the last election 
Avas made the basis of representation. 

On the motion of Campbell Tarr of Brooke county, tlic President 
appointed a committee on State and Federal Relations consisting oi' 
one member from each county. The membership was as follows; 

Campbell Tarr, of Brooke county; Waitman T. Willey, of Mon- 
ongalia county; John S. Carlile, of Harrison county; General Jolm 
J. Jackson, of AVood county; Charles Hooton, of Preston county; 
Daniel Lamb, of Ohio county ; George McC. Porter, of Hancock 
county; Joseph S. Machir, of Mason county; Daniel D. Johnson, <)f 
Tyler county ; James Scott, of Jackson county ; George W. Bier^ 
of Wetzel county ; R. C. HoUiday, of ^Marshall county ; Alexander 
Scott Withers,* of Lewis county; E. T. Graham, of Wirt county; 
Francis H. Pierpont, of Ma.rion county ; Spencer Dayton, of Bar- 
bour county ; George S. Senseney, of Frederick county ; John S. 
Burdett, of Taylor county ; A. R. McQuilkin, of Berkeley county ; 
Friend Cochran, of Pleasants county; J. E. Stump, of Roane coun- 
ty; S. Martin, of Gilmer county; C. B. Rohrbaugh, of Upshur 
county ; Ownen D. Downey, of Hampshire county ; and James A. 
Foley, of Doddridge count}'. 

Resolutions of the Convention : — For three days and running 
far into the night, there was heated del)ate as to the best plan of 

*Author of "Chronicles of Bordoi- Warfare." 



168 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

immediate action. Some were determined to at once abopt a Con- 
stitution, fonii a government for the counties represented and fill 
the offices by temporary appointment. Others regarded this plan 
as one of spasmodic disruption, and stood rather for legalized 
resistance. Discussion \Vas interrupted late on the night of the 
third day by the Committee on State and Federal Relations beg- 
ging permission to report through its chairman, Campbell Tarr. 
This was a skillful blending of all opinions. It was as follows : 

1. RESOLVED, That in onr dolibeiate .iiidgment the ordinance passed by the 
Convention of Virginia, on the ITtli day of April. 1S61, known as the ordinance of 
secession, by which said Convention iindertoolt in the name of the State of Vir- 
ginia, to repeal the ratification of the Constitution of the TJnlted States by this 
State, and to resume all the rights and powers granted under said Constitution, is 
unconstitutional, null and void. 

2. RESOL\'ED, That the schedule attached to the ordinance of secession, sus- 
pending and prohibiting the election of members of Congress for this State, is a 
manifest usurpation of power, to which we ought not to submit. 

3. RESOLVED, That the agreement of the 24th of April. 1861. between the 
<'ommissioners of the Confederate States and this State, and the ordinance of the 
2.5th of April, 1861, approving and ratifying said agreement by which the whole 
military force and mililary operations, offensive and defensive of this Common- 
wealth, are placed under the chief control and direction of the President of the 
Confederate States, upon the same principles, basis and footing as if the Common- 
wealth were nnw a member of said Ccnfederacy, and all the acts of the executive 
■officers of our State in pursuance of said agreement and ordinance, are plain and 
palpable violations of the Constitution of tiie United States, and are utterly sub- 
versive of the lights and liberties of the people of Virginia. 

4. RESOIiVED, That we earnestly urge and entreat the citizens of the State 
every where, but more especially in the Western section to be prompt at the polls 
on the 23rd instant : and to impress upon every voter the duty of voting in con- 
demnation of the Ordinance of Secession, in the hope that we may not be involved 
in the ruin to be occasioned by its adoption, and with the view to demonstrate 
the position of the West^on the question of secession. 

5. RESOLVED. That we earnestly recommend to the citizens of Western Vir- 
ginia to vote for members of the Congress of the ITnited States, in their several 
districts, in the exercise of the right secured to us by the Constitution of the 
United States and the State of Virginia. 

6. RESOLVED, That we also recommend to the citizens of the several coun- 
ties to vote at said election for such persons as entertain the opinions expressed 
in the foregoing resolutions, for members of the Senate and House of Delegates 
of our State. 

7. RESOLVED, That in view of the geographical, social, commercial and In- 
dustrial interests of Northwestern Virginia, this Convention is constrained in giv- 
ing expression to the opinion of iheir constituents to declare that the Virginia Con- 
vention in assuming to change the relation of the State of Virginia to the Federal 
Government, have not only acted unwisely and unconstitutionally, but have adopted 
a policy utterly ruinous to all the material interests of our section, severing all 
our social ties, and drving up all the channels of our trade and prosperity. 

8. RESOLVED, That in the event of the Ordinance of Secession being ratified 
ty a vote, we recommend to the people of the Counties here represented, and all 
others disposed to co-operate with us. to appoint on the 4th day of .Tune. U8G1. del- 
egates to a General Convention, to meet on the lltli of that month, at such place 
as may he designated by the Committee hereinafter provided, to devise such mea- 
sures and take such action as the safety and welfare of the people they represent 
may demand. — each County to appoint a number of Representatives to said Con- 
vention equal to double the number to which it will be entitled in the next House of 
Delegates ; and the Senators and Delegates to be elected on the 'Z?,d inst., by the 
counties referred 1o, to the next General Assembly of Virginia, and who concur In 
the views of this Convention, to be entitled to seats in the said Convention as mem- 
bers thereof. 

0. RESOLVED. That inasmuch as it is a conceded political axiom, that gov- 
ernment is founded on the consent of the governed and is instituted for their good, 
and it cannot be denied that the course pursued by the ruling power in the State, 
is utterly subversive and destructive of our interests, we believe we may rightfully 
and successfully appeal to the proper authorities of Virginia, to permit us peace- 
fully and lawfully to separate from the residue of the State, and form ofirselves 
into a government to give effect to the wishes, views and interests of our constitu- 
ents. 

10. RESOLVED, That the public authorities be assured that the people of the 
North W^est will exert their utmost power to preserve the peace, which they feel 
satisfied they can do. until an opportunity is afforded to see if our present diffi- 
culties cannot receiive a peaceful solution; and we express the earnest hope that no 



1908] 



The Restored Govejinment of Virginia. 



169 



troops of the Confederate States be introduced among us, as we believe it would 
"be eminently calculated to produce civil war. 

11. RESOLVED, That in the language of Washington in his letter of the 17th 
of September, 1787, to the President of Congress, "in all our deliberations on this 
subject we have kept steadily in view that which appears to us the greatest interest 
of every true American, the consolidation of our Union, in which is involved our 
prosperity, felicity, safety and perhaps our national existence." And therefore we 
will maintain and defend the Constitution of the United States and the laws made 
in the pursuance thereof, and all officers acting thereunder in the lawful discharge 
•of their respective duties. 

12. RESOLVED, That John S. Carlile, James S. Wheat, C. D. Hubbard, F. 
II. Pierpont. Campbell Tarr, George R. Latham, Andrew Wilson. S. H. Woodward 
and James W. Paxton be a Central Committee to attend to all the matters con- 
nected with the objects of this Convention ; and that they have power to assemble 
this Convention at any time they may think necessary. 

13. RESOLVED, That in accordance with the last resolution, a Central Com- 
mittee of five be appointed to attend to all matters connected with the objects of 
this Convention, and that they have power to assemble this Convention at any time 
they may think necessary. 

14. RESOLVED, That the Central Committee be Instructed to prepare an 
.address to the people of Virginia in conformity with the foregoing resolutions, and 
cause the same to be published and circulated as extensively as possible. 

By order of the Convention. 

John W. Moss, President. 
G. L. Cranmei!, 
M. M. DenTj 
C. B. Waggener, 

Secretaries. 

There was but little discussion, and the report was adopted, but 

two dissenting voices being heard. Then the Convention sang 

"The Star Spangled Banner," and adjourned sine die. These 

Eesolutions became the basis of all future action leading to the 

formation of West Virginia. 



THE SECOND CONVENTION OF THE PEOPLE OF NORTH- 
WESTERN VIRGINIA AT WHEELING. 

Convened June 11, 1861, and continued in session until June 25th 
•ensuing ; adjourned to reassemble August 6, 1861 ; in session until 
August 21st ensuing, when it adjourned sine die. The membership 
^vas as follows: 

MEMBERSHIP. 

Doddridge and Tyler — Chapman J. 
Stuart, senator, William J. Bore- 



Alexandria County — Henry S. Mar- 
tin, and James T. Close, delegates. 

Barbour County — Nathan H. Taft, 
and D. M. Myers, members of the 
House of Delegates, and John H. 
Shuttleworth and Spencer Day- 
ton, delegates. 

Brooke County — Joseph Gist, Sena- 
tor, H. W. Crothers, member 
House of Delegates, and John D. 
Nicholls and Campbell Tarr, del- 
egates. 

Cabell County — Albert Laidley,* 
member House of Delegates. 



man, member House of Delegates, 
and Daniel D. Johnson, and 
James A. Foley, delegates. 

Fairfax County — John Hawxhurst 
and Eljen E. Mason, delegates. 

Gilmei- County — Henry W. Withers, 
delegate. 

Hampshire County — James R. Cars- 
kadon, senator, and Owen D. 
Downey, George W. Broski, James 
H. Trout and James J. Barracks, 
delegates. 



♦Albert Laidley did not remain at Wheeling. He went to Richmond where 
he occupied a seat in the General Assembly, session beginning December 2, ISGJ, as 
•the delegate from Cabell County. 



170 



AKCIIIVKS AM) HiSTOKY. 



LW. Va. 



Hancock County— George McC. Por- 
ter, member House of Delegates, 
John H. Atkinson and William L. 
Crawford, delegates. 

Hardy County — John Michaej, dele- 
gate. 

Harrison County — John J. Davis, 
and John C. Vance, members 
House of Delegates, and John S. 
Carlile, Solomon S. Fleming, Lot 
Bowen,* Benjamin F. Shuttle- 
worth, and Charles S. Lewis, dele- 
gates. 

Jackson Comity — Daniel Frost, 
member House of Delegates, and 
James F. Scott and Andrew 
Flesher, delegates. 

Jefferson County — George Koontz, 
delegate. 

Kanaivha County — Lewis Ruffner, 
member House of Delegates, and 
Greenbury Slack, delegate. 

Lewis County — Blackwell Jackson, 
senator. Perry M. Hale, and J. 
A. J. Lightburn, delegates. 

MaHo7i County — Richard Fast and 
Fountain Smith, members House 
of Delegates, and Francis H. 
Pierpont,t 'Ephraim B. Hall, 
John S. Barns, A. F. Ritchie, 
and James O. Watson, delegates. 

Marshall County — Remembrance 
Swan, member House of Dele- 
gates, and E. H. Caldwell and 
Robert Morris, delegates. 

Mason County — Lewis Wetzel, mem- 
ber H'ouse of Delegates, and 
Charles B. Waggener, James 
Smith, and Daniel Polsley, dele- 
gates. 

Monongalia County — Leroy Kra- 
mer and Joseph Snyder, members 
House of Delegates, and Ralph L. 
Berkshire, William Price, James 
Evans and Dennis B. Dorsey, del- 
egates. 



Ohio County — Thomas H. Logan 
and Andrew Wilson, members of 
H'ouse of Delegates, and Daniel 
Lamb, James W. Paxton, George 
Harrison, and Chester D. Hub- 
bard, delegates. 

Pleasants and Ritchie — James W. 
Williamson, member House of 
Delegates, and C. W. Smith and 
William Douglas, delegates. 

Preston County — Charles Hooten 
and William B. Zinn, members 
House of Delegates, and William 
B. Crane, John Howard, Harrison 
Hagans, and John J. Brown, del- 
egates. 

Putnam County — George C. Bowyer, 
member House of Delegates, and 
Dudley S. Montague.ft delegate. 

I'andolph and Tucker — ^ Solomon 
Parsons, member House of Del- 
egates, and Samuel Crane, dele- 
gate. 

Roane County — T. A. Roberts, del- 
gate. 

Taylor County — Thomas Gather, 
senator, Lemuel E. Davidson, 
member House of Delegates, » 
John S. Burdett and Samuel 
Todd, delegates. 

Upshur County — ^Daniel D. T. Farns- 
worth, member House of Dele- 
gates, John L. Smith and John 
Love, delegates. 

Wayne County — William Rate! iff. 
member House of Delegates, and 
William W. Brumfield, and Wil- 
liam Copley, delegates. 

Wetzel County — James G. West, 
member House of Delegates, and' 
Reuben Martin, and James P. 
Ferrell, delegates. 

Wirt County — James A. William- 
son, member House of Delegates, 
and H'enry Newman, and E. T. 
Graham, delegates. 



*Lot rtowen resigned Auanst I.''.. 1861. because of a connection witli the 
Army, and was succeeded the following day by Charles S. Lewis. 

tFrancis H. Piorjiout. having been elected Governor, resigned August 10, 
ISOJ. anrl was succeeded by Ephraim B. Hall. 

•i-vAnother delegate from Putnam County qualified and took his seat, August 
12, 1861, but his name has not been ascertained. — V. A. L. 



1908] 



The Restored Goverxmext of Virginia. 



171 



Wood County — John W. Moss, 
member House of Delegates, and 



Arthur I. Boreman, and Peter G. 
Van Winkle, delegates. 



THE temporary AND PERIIAXEXT ORGANIZATIOX. 

Denniis B. Dorsey of Monongalia County Temporary President. 

Gibson Lamb Cranmer of Ohio County Tempoi-ary Secretary. 

Arthur I. Boreman of Wood County Permanent President. 

Gibson Lamb Cranmer* of Ohio County Permanent Secretary. 

Thomas Hornbrook* of Ohio County Sergeant-at-Arms. 

The Ordinance of Secession was ratified l\v the peopk^ of Vir- 
ginia, May 23, 1861, and this gave rise to the Second Convention 
of the people of Northwestern Virginia. On that da.te, State Sena- 
tors and Members of the House of Delegates were elected through- 
out Virginia, and by the provisions of the eighth Resolution if 
the First Convention, all those who would attend were made mem- 
bers of the Second Convention. In a further compliance with that 
resolution, the counties so disposed, were to appoint, on the 4th of 
June, a number of delegates equal to twice their representation in 
the General Assembly. This was done in many counties as is 
showTi by the membership, and what is known as the Second Wheel- 
ing Convention assembled in Washington Hall, that city, June 11, 
1861. 

First Steps in the Reorganizx\.tion of a Restored Government. 
An organization was effected and the President, Arthur I Boreman. 
appointed a Committee on Order of -Business, the members thereof 
being John S. Carlile. of Harrison county; Daniel Lamb, of Ohio 
county; Francis H. Pierpont, of ]\rarion county; Harrison Hagans, 
of Preston county; Peter G. Van Winkle, of Wood county; Ralph 
L. Berkshire, of ^Monongalia county; Daniel Polsley, of IMason 
county; W. I. Boreman. of Tyler count}'; E. H. Caldwell, of 
Marshall county; Daniel Frost, of Jackson county; George McC. 
Porter, of Hancock county; Daniel D. T. Farnsworth, of Upshur 
county; and William Copley, of Wayne county. On the third day 
John S. Carlile, the chairman, reported from this Committee "A 
Declaration of the People of Virginia lleprescnted in Convention at 
Wheeling." In this it was said: 

"Viewing with great concern, the deiilorahle condition to which tliis once 
happy Commonwealtli must he rerluced, unless some regular adeonate remedy is 
speedily adopted: and appealing to the Supreme Kuler of the T'niverse for' the 
rectitude of our intentions, do hereby, in the name, and on behalf of the good 
people of Virginia, solemnly declare that the preservation of their dearest rights 
and liberties and their security in person and property imperatively demand the 
reorganization of the Government of the rommonwealtli. and that all Acts of the 
said Convention and Executive, tending to separate this Commonwealth from the 
United States, or to levy and carry on war against them, are witliout authority, 
and void : and the offices of all who adhere to the said Convention and Executive, 
•whether Legislative, Executive, or .Judicial, are vacated." 



♦Cranmer and Hornbrook were authorized to appoint their own assistants. 



172 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

On Friday the 14th — the third day of the Session — this Com- 
mittee reported "An ordbiance for the Reorganization of the State 
Government." It declared as follows: 

"The People of the State of Virginia hy their Delegates assem- 
hlccl in Convention at Wheeling, do ordain as follows:" 

1. A Governor and Lieutenant-Governor for the State of Virginia stiall be 
appointed by this Convention to discharge the duties and exercise the powers which 
pertain to their respective offices by the existing laws of the State, and to continue 
in ofHce for six months, or until their successors be elected and qualified. 

2. A Council of five members, shall be appointed by this Convention, to con- 
sult and advise with the Governor respecting such matters pertaining to his official 
duties as he shall submit for consideration. 

3. The Delegates elected to the General Assembly on the twenty-third of May 
last, and the Senators entitled under existing laws to seats in the next General 
Assembly, together with such Delegates and Senators as may be duly elected under 
the Ordinance of this Convention or existing laws, to fill vacancies, who shall 
qualify themselves by taking the oath or affirmation hereafter set forth, shall con- 
stitute the Legislature of the State, to discharge the duties and exercise the powers 
pertaining to the General Assembly. 

4. The Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Attorney-General, members of the 
Legislature, and all officers now in the service of the State, or of any county, city, 
or town thereof, or hereafter to be appointed to such service * * * shall take 
the following oath or affirmation : 

"I solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the 
United States, and the laws made in pursuance thereof, as the supreme law of the 
land, anything in the Constitution and the iaws of Virginia, or in the Ordinance of 
the Convention which assembled at Richmond on the thirteenth of February, 1861, to 
the contrary notwithstanding: and that I will uphold and defend the government 
of Virginia as vindicated and restored by the Convention which assembled at 
Wheeling on the eleventh day of June 1S61." 

June 18th the Convention proceeded to consider the matter of 
Seals (Greater and Lesser) for the Reorganized Government, and 
it was resolved to use those of the old Commonwealth with the 
addition of the words ''Liberty and Union" added upon the ob- 
verse and reverse discs of each. The same day salaries were fixed 
as follows : that is to say : Governor, $3,000.00 ; Auditor, $2,000.00 ; 
Treasurer, $1,500.00; Secretary of the Commonwealth, $1,500.00; 
President and Secretary of the Convention, President of the Sen- 
ate, and Speaker of the House, $8.00 per day each; IMembers of the 
Convention and of the General Assembly, $4.00 per day ; Sergeant- 
at-arms of the Convention and the Assembly, $4.00 per day ; Door- 
keeper, $2.00 per day and Pages $1.00. 

Election of Officials of the Commonwealth. 
The 20th day of June was the day fixed for the election of officers. 
For Governor: Daniel Lamb of Ohio county, nominated Francis 
H. Pierpont* of Marion county, and he was elected without opposi- 
tion. For Lieutenant-Governor: Dr. John W. Moss, of Wood 
county, nominated Daniel Polsley,t of Mason county, and he too, 
was elected without opposition. The next business was the election 
of a Governor's Council, or Council of State, consisting of five 
members, and Peter G. Van "Winkle, of Wood county ; William A. 

*tSee these references on page 174. 



1908] The Restored Goveexmext of Virginia. 173 

Harrison of Harrison county ; William Lazier of Monongalia count}', 
and Daniel Lamb and James W. Paxton of Ohio county, were elect- 
ed. Lamb and John S. Carlile were appointed to inform Gover- 
nor Pierpont of his election ; he returned with them to the Conven- 
tion Hall where he delivered a short inaugural address, and then 
took the oath of office, it being administered to him by Andrew 
Wilson, a Justice of the Peace, of Ohio count^^ Thus Francis H. 
Pierpont became the Governor of Virginia. At five o'clock 
o'clock that evening the Convention passed over to Wheeling Island 
to -witness a salute fired by the soldiers stationed thereon in honor 
of the election of a Governor. On the 21st of June, James S. 
Wheat,J of Ohio county, was elected Attorney-General of the Com- 
monwealth; and an Ordinance was adopted providing that the 
General Assembly as soon as organized at Wheeling, elect by joint 
ballot, an Auditor of Public Accounts, and a Treasurer, and Secre- 
tary of the Commonwealth. The amount of the bond of the Treas- 
urer was fixed at $20,000.00; that of the Auditor, at $20,000.00; 
and that of the Secretary at $5,000.00. All State Funds paid into 
the State Treasury were required to be deposited in the Merchant 's 
and Mechanics' Bank at Wheeling, or one of its branches at Point 
Pleasant, Clarksburg and Morgantown; or in the Northwestern 
Bank of Virginia, at Wheeling, or one of its branches at Parkers- 
burg and Wellsburg. But if any of such funds were collected 
east of the Blue Ridge, they were to be deposited in the Bank of 
the Old Dominion at Alexandria. 

Having been in session twelve days; having elected one half of 
the State officers — Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, and Attorne} - 
General — and having provided that the General Assembly should 
elect the other three — Auditor, Treasurer and Secretary — and hav- 
ing published an "Address of the Convention now in session at 
Wheeling to the People of Virginia, ' ' the Convention took a recess, 
June 25th, until 2:00 p. m. on the first Tuesday — the sixth — in 
August ensuing, unless otherwise ordered by the Governor with the 
advice of his Council. On the date fixed it again assembled and 
continued in Session until August 20th when having completely re- 
organized the Restored Government, it adjourned sifie die. 

On the 19th of June, the Convention had provided by an ordin- 
ance, that the delegates elected to the General Assembly on the 23d 
of May preceding, and the seators entitled to seats therein, to- 
gether with such delegates and senators as might be elected undei- 
the ordinances of the Convention, should assemble in the city of 

$SeG this reference on page 174. 



174 Archives and History. [w. Va. 



Wheeling on the first day of the succeeding July, and proceed to 
organize themselves under existing laws in their respective branches. 
In compliance with this Governor Pierpont issued a proclamation, 
June 23d — the third day after his inauguration — convening the 
Assembly in Extra Session on the date fixed by the Convention — 
July 1st, 1861. 

*Francis H. I'lerpont, third son of Francis and Catherine (Weaver) Pierpont, 
was born .January 25, 1.814, in Monongalia County, Virginia, four miles east of 
Morgantown, on the farm settled by his grand-father, .Tohn Pierpont, a native of 
New \ork, in 3 770, Then in the "District of West Augusta." who erected a dwelling 
and a blockhouse also, for protection against the Indians. In the last mentioned year 
was opened the first land office in Northwestern Virginia. .John Pierpont married a 
daughter of Colonel Zackwell Morgan, the founder of Morgantown, who had emigrated 
thither from Eastei'n Virginia. .Joseph Weaver, the maternal grandfather of the sub- 
.iect of this notic(\ was a native of Central I'ennsylvania, who settled on a farm near 
Morgantown about 1785. In 1814, Francis Pierpont, the father of tlie sub,iect, 
moved from the old homestead to land purchased by him about two miles from 
Fairmont, now Marion — then Harrison — county, West Virginia. In 1827, he made 
his residence in .Middletown, now Fairmont, where he conducted a tannery in con- 
nection with his farm. His young son Francis, the subject, assisted his father 
in his several occupations until manhood. His educational opportunities were, in 
the meantime, limited. In .June. 183.^, lie entered Allegheny College, at Meadville, 
Pa., from which he was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in September, 
1830. He taught school until 1841, when he removed to Mississippi where 
he continued teaching, but the following year he returned home because of the 
failing health of his father. Having studied law in the leisure intervals of his 
career as a teacher, he was now admitted to the bar. From 1848 for a period of 
eight years, he served as local counsel of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Com- 
pany, for tlie counties of jMarion and Taylor. In 18.53 he engaged in mining and 
shipping of coal by rail : and soon after in the manufacture of fire-bricks. In De- 
cember, 1854. he married .Tulia A., daughter of Rev. Samuel Robinson, a Presbyterian 
minister of New York. In religious faitli, he was himself a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church with which he had connected himself at the age of seventeen. 
He early took interest in politics, and though not an aspirant for office, he activel.v 
participated in Ihe compaigns of the Whig I'arty, with which he affiliated from 1844 
to 1800. In 1848 lie was the Presidential elector on the Taylor ticket. In the 
Momentous Presidential Campaign of 18(50, he supported Lincoln, and thenceforth 
Ihe groat events of his life followed each other in rapid succession. It was he who 
planned the Restored Government. He died in his eighty-fifth year, and is buried in 
Woodlawn Cemetery at Fairmont, West Virginia. 

fDaniel Polsley. who was elected Lieutenant-Governor by the Convention, was 
bora November 3, 1803. at Palatine, then known as I'olsley's Mills, on the east bank 
of the Monongahela liver, then in Monongalia (now Marion) county. West Vir- 
ginia. He attended the "old field" schools of the vicinity, the village schools, and 
then attended the law lectures by .Judge Tucker at Winchester, in the Valley of 
Virginia, and was admitted to the bar. Soon thereafter he removed to Wells- 
burg, in Brooke count.v, where he became the editor of the "'Western Transcript" 
published at that place. In 1845, he removed to Mason county where he engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. l)ut continued to practice his profession. He was an 
ardent Union man during the war between the states : and was one of the dele- 
gates from that county to the First Wheeling Convention. He served two years 
as Lieutenant-Governor under the Restored Government, after which he was elected 
.Judge of the Circuit Court. In 1866, he was elected to a seat in the lower House 
of Congress and served one term: He died at Point Pleasant, Mason county. West 
Virginia, October 14. 1877. 

tThe Colonial home of the Wheat Family was at Alexandria, Virginia, where 
its raembers, as merchants, wm-e permanently identified with the business interests 
and affairs of the community. In 1832, .lames M. Wheat who married Martha 
Brewer of Berkeley Springs, Morgan county. West Virginia, removed to Wheeling, 
where he engaged "in the manufacture of window glass. He was followed to this 
new field of action by other members of the family at Alexandria. Among them 
being General .James S. Wheat, who however, came "directly from Washington where 
lie had been a law student. At Wheeling he was admitted to the bar in 1831, 
and at once became prominent in his chosen profession. He was a man of refine- 
ment and culture, and courtly and faultless in his manner. He was one of the best 
equipped attorneys of his day; was a i-eady and lluent speaker, and on all public 
occasions was much in demand as an orator. He rendered valuable service as the 
legal advisor of the otHcials of the Restored Government. His last public service 
was that as a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1872, which framed the 
present constitution of West Virginia. 




The Statue of Hox. Francis H. Piekpoxt, Governor of Virginia Under 
THE Restored Goverx^iext, 1861-1868. 
In Statuary Hall of the National Capitol. Presented to Congress by the 
State of West Virginia under the provisions of an act of the Legislature 
passed January 22, 1901. It was executed in Florence, Italy, by the 
American Sculptor, Franklin Simmons, at a cost of $8,000.00; received 
at Washington, and November 29, 1903, was placed on its pedestal in 
Statuary Hall, where it soon attracted wide attention. For biographical 
note, see p. 174. 



1908] 



The Restored Goverxmext of Virginia. 



175 



MEETING OF THE FIRST GENERAL ASSEMBLY UNDER THE RE- 
STORED GOVERNMENT AT WHEELING. ITS FIRST EXTRA SES- 
SION BEGINNING JULY 1, 1861; AND ENDING JULY 26, ENSUING. 



Accomac and ^Northampton Counties G. F. Watson (6). 

Boone, Logan, Kanaicha, Putnam, Wyoming, and a part of Roane. .Green- 

bury Slack (5). 

Brooke. Hancock and Ohio Joseph Gist (1) . 

Fairfax and Alexandria James T. Close (4). 

Hardy. Hampshire and Morgan James Carskadon (1). 

Mas£>n, Jackson, Cabell, Wayne and a part of Roane. .Andrew Flesher (7). 

Monongalia. Preston and Taylor Thomas Gather (2). 

Nicholas. Fayette, Pocahontas, Raleigh, Braxton. Greenbrier and Clay 

John R. McCutchen (8). 
Ritchie, Doddridge. Harrison, Pleasants and WoorZ. Chapman J. Stuart (1). 
Upshur, Barbour, Lewis, Gilmer, Randolph, Calhoun and Tucker; and a 

part of Roane and a part of Webster Blackwell Jackson (3). 

Wetzel, Marshall. Marion and. Tyler James Burley (2). 

Daniel Polsley, of Mason County, Lieutenant-Governor. . .P?-e.sitZeHi. 

William W. Lewis Clerk. 

Jesse S. Wheat Sergeant-at-Arms. 

D. V. Tharp Doorkeeper. 

Alexander Campbell Page. 

,1.. Were qualified and toolt their seats .July 1, 1861. 

2. Were qualified and took their seats .July .3. 1861. 

3. W^as qualified and toolc his seat July 5, 1861. 

4. Was qualified and toolv his seat .July 6, 1861. 

5. Was qualified and took his seat December 2. 1861. 

6. Was qualified and took his seat February 2, 1862. 

7. Was qualified and took his seat .July 5.-1862. 

8. Was qualified and took his seat January 6, 1863. 



DELEGATES. 



Accomac County — Samuel W. Pow- 
ell. 

Alexandria. County — Gilbert S. Mi- 
ner. 

Barbour County — D. M. Myers. 

Berkeley County — Bethuel B. Kitch- 
en. 

Boone. Logan and Wyoming Coun- 
ties — Robert Hageri and Joseph 
H. Baker. 

Braxton. Xicholas. Clay and Web- 
ster Counties— William D. Roily- 
son. 

Brooke County — H. W. Crothers. 

Cabell County — Edward B. Wright. 

Doddridge and Tyler — William J. 
Boreman. 



Fairfax County — John Hawxhurst. 

Fayette County — Edward M. Ryan.- 

Gilmer, Calhoun, and Wirt Coun- 
ties — A. J. Williamson. 

Hampshire County — James H. 
Trout, and Owen D. Downey. 

Hancock County — George McC. Por- 
ter. 

Hardy County — John Michael. 

Harrison County — John J. Davis 
and John C. Vance.3 

Jackson County and part of Roane 
— Daniel Frost and David J. Kee- 
ney.i 

Kanaicha County and part of Roan'} 
— - Lewis Ruffner, James Pr. 
Brown' and Spicer Patrick. 



176 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Lewis County — George J. Arnold, s 

and Perry M. Hale. 
Marion County — Fountain Smith 

and Richard Fast. 
Marshall County — Remembrance 

Swan. 

Mason County — Lewis "Wetzel and 
Lewis Bumgardner.7 

Monongalia County — Leroy Kramer, 

and Joseph Snider. 
Morgan County — Joseph S. "Wheat. 
Northampton County — George B. 

Dunton. 
Ohio County — Thomas H. Logan and 

Andrew "Wilson. 



Pleasants and Ritchie Counties — 

James "W. Williamson. 
Preston County — "William B. Zinn, 

and Charles H'ooten. 
Putnam County — George C. Bowyer. 
Randolph and Tucker Counties — 

Solomon Parsons. 
Taylor County — L. E. Davidson. 
Tyler and Doddridge Counties — 

William I. Boreman. 
Upshur County — ■ Daniel D. T. 

Farnsworth. 
Wayne County — William Ratcliff. 
Wetzel County — James G. West. 
Wood County — John W. Moss and 

George W. Henderson. 



Daniel Frost, s of Jackson County Speaker. 

Gibson Lamb Cranmer, of Ohio County Clerk. 

Evans D. Fogle^ Sergeant-at-Arms. 

James O. Hawley First Doorkeeper. 

James Musgrave 2nd Doorkeeper. 

1. Robert Hager entei-pd May 5, 18(i2, .ind was rpjected two days later, havin,? 
been a minister of tbe Gospel at the time of bis election. Joseph H. Baker entered 
December 18, 1862, as the successor of Hager. 

2. Committee on Elections refused to seat him January IG, 1862. 

3. John C. Vance resigned February 2, ISfi.^. 

4. David J. Keeney entered December 4, 1862, as successor of Frost. 

5. James H. Brown entered December 2, 1861, but resigned January 14, 1802. 
Spicer Patrick entered February 1, 1862, as the successor of Brown. 

6. Arnold resigned December 8, 1862 ; succeeded by Perry M. Hale, January 
2, 1863. 

7. Lewis Bumgardner entered December 17, 1862, as the successor of Wetzel, 
deceased. 

8. Daniel Frost until May, 1862. then George McC. Porter. 

9. Evans D. Fogle from July 1, 1861, to December 3, 1861, then PhiliB Rogers 
of Monongalia county. Fogle resigned to become Quarter-Master in the United States 
Army. 

The First General Assembly under the Restored Government 
convened at Wlieeling July 1, 1861. In the Senate three member* 
were present; these w^ere Joseph Gist, representing the District 
composed of Hancock, Brooke and Ohio; James Carskadon rep- 
resenting District composed of Hampshire, Hardy and IMorgan; 
and Chapman J Stuart representing that of the counties of Ritchie, 
Dodridge, Harrison, Pleasants and Wood; Daniel Polsley, Lieu- 
tenant-Governor and ex-officio President of the Senate, took the 
chair and addressed these members. A temporary organization 
was effected. By resolution of Joseph Gist, John A. Wilson of 
AA^heeling was appointed Clerk of the Senate pro tern. On his 
further motion Jesse S. Wheat was declared Seargeant-at-arms 
pro tern, and Alexander Campbell was appointed Page. The House 
likewise proceeded to a temporary organization, no quorum being 




Hox. LuciAN A. Hagaxs. 
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia, under the Restored Govern- 
ment, 1861—1865. 
(See Biographical Notice, p. 178.) 



190S] The Restored Government of Virginia. 177 



present. On the motion of James G. West, of "Wetzel county, who 
called the House to order, Gibson Lamb Crammer of Wheeling was 
appointed temporary clerk. It was then found that those present 
were George MeC. Porter, of Hancock county ; H. W. Crothers, of 
Brooke county; Thomas H. Logan and Andrew Wilson of Ohio 
county; Eemembrance Swan, of Marshall county; James G. West 
of Wetzel county; John W. Moss, of Wood county; Wm. Rat- 
cliffe, of Wayne county ; Fountain Smith, of Marion county ; Leroy 
Kramer, of Monongalia county; Lewis Wetzel, of Mason county 
and James W. Williamson, of the Delegate District composed of 
Pleasants and Ritchie counties — fifteen in all, not a quorum. An 
adjournment was taken until the second day ; then the majority o- 
the members were in their seats. Prayer was offered by Rev. D. 
Hervey of the Presbyterian church. A permanent organization was 
effected. For Speaker, George McC. Porter nominated Daniel 
Frost, of Jackson county ; James W. Williamson nominated James 
G. West of Wetzel county, but subsequently withdrew his name at 
the request of that gentlemen; Leroy Kramer nominated Fountain 
Smith of Marion county; Frost was elected. On motion of James 
G. West, Gibson Lamb Cranmer, the temporary clerk was unani- 
mously elected permanent clerk. At 7 :00 P. M. both branches re- 
ceived the message of Governor Pierpont and five thousand copies 
were ordered printed. In this the Governor said : " I regret that I 
cannot congratulate you on the peace and prosperity' of the country, 
in the manner which has been customary with Executives, both State 
and Federal. For the present those happy days which as a nation we 
have so long enjoyed, and that prosperity which has smiled upon 
us, as upon no other nation, are departed. We are passing through 
a period of gloom and darkness in our Country 'h history, but we 
must not despair. There is a just God who ^ rides upon the whirlwind 
and directs the storm.' Let us look to Him with abiding confidence. 
You have met, gentlemen, in the midst of Civil War, but I trust 
you may yet be assembled under happier auspices, when the strife 
shall be over and peace and prosperity be restored to this once 
happy country." Accompanying this message were his correspon- 
dence with President Lincoln, together with letters received by 
liim from Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, and Caleb B. Smith, 
Secretary of the Interior, all showing recognition of the movement 
to restore Civil Government to Western Virginia. 

On July 9th, the Election of State Officers was the joint order of 
the day. For Secretary of the Commonwealth, William B. Zinu 



178 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

nominated Lucian A. Hagans* of Preston County; John W. Moss 
nominated George Loomis of Wood county; L. E. Davidson nomi- 
nated Ellery R. Hall, of Taylor county. Hagans was elected on the 
first ballot. 

For Auditor of Public Accounts, Samuel Crane and N. Wilkin- 
son were placed in nomination. Crane was elected on the first 
ballot. 

For Treasurer of the Commonwealth, Fountain Smith nominated 
Campbell Tarr of Brooke county; James H. Trout nominated 
Samuel P. Hildreth, of Ohio county. Tarr was elected on the 
first ballot. 

Another joint order for the same day was the Election of United 
States Senators. At 2:00 P. M. the Assembly proceeded by joint 
ballot to elect a successor to R. M. T. Hunter, U. S. Senator from 
Virginia, who had resigned his seat in that body, and John S. Car- 
lile of Harrison county, was elected Adthout opposition. Then fol- 
lowed the election of a successor to fill the unexpired term of Jam^i-s 
M. Mason, who like Hunter, had resigned his seat after Virginia 
adopted the Ordinance of Secession. H. W. Crothers nominated 
Daniel Lamb, of Ohio county; Lewis Rutfner nominated Peter G. 
Van Winkle of Wood county ; and Leroy Kramer nominated Wait- 
man T. Willey of Monongalia county. Willey was elected on the 
first ballot. 

On July 24th the Committee to examine the bonds of public 
officers, reported that Samuel Crane, Auditor of Public Accounts, 
had executed a bond Jul.y 9, 1861, for $20,000.00, conditioned ac- 
cording to law ; with Chapman J. Stuart, of Doddridge county. 



SKETCH OF LT'CIAX ADAMS HAGAXS. 

*The Hagans family is of Kn^lisli extraction. Richard, the imigrant an- 
cestor, came to Boston, Massaclinsetts. in 3 630. From there lie went in- search 
of a home which he found in New York colony on the shores of Lalie Champ- 
lain. A grandson. George Hagans, wedded Persus Eggleston in 1783, she being a 
native of Williamsburg, Massachusetts. They had two sons — Harrison and Elisha 
M. — both of whom came to Preston county, in 1S12. The former was born in Clinton 
count.v. New York, in 1796. At Brandonville in Preston county. West Virginia, he 
wedded .Tane McCullom, and they had issue ten children, the fourth being Lucian 
Adams Hagans, the subject of this sketch. He was born at Brandonville. .January 31, 
1825. He was educated in the "old field" schools of that day; at the old King- 
wood Academy, and was graduated from Washington (Pa.) College in 1840, where 
he was a school-mate of James G. Blaine. He returned home and engaged in the 
mercantile business at his native town — Brandonville. Here he wedded his cousin 
Lovelia, a daughter of Elisha M. Hagans and his wife, Anna Morrow (Brown) 
Hagans who was a sister of the late William Guy Brown of Preston county. The 
issue of this marriage was two children, a daughter. Myra Bell who died in infancy; 
and a son, Wilber E. who still survives. He continued the mercantile business un- 
til the beginning of the War between the States when he was elected secretary of 
the Commonwealth, in which capacity he continued until ISf!.'), when he resigned. 
Returning home he removed to Wheeling, where he became one of the editors and 
proprietors of the Daily Intelligencer of that city. In 1S74, he removed to Chicago 
and purchased an interest in the firm of Rand, McNally & Co. He was thus engaged 
until his death which occurred January 10, 1890. His remains repose in beautiful 
Graceland Cemelery overlooking Lake Michigan, where a suitable monument marks 
• the spot. 



1908] The Restoreu Goverxmext of Virginia. 179 

James Burley, of Marshall county, and Wm. Katcliff of Wayne 
county, as securities therein, which had been approved by the Gov- 
ernor. That Campbell Tarr, Treasurer of the Commonwealth, had 
executed a bond July 10, 1861, in the penalty of $50,000.00 condi- 
tioned according to law, with Wm. T. Hammond, Nathaniel Wells 
and Joseph Applegate, as securities therein, which had not as yet 
been approved by the Governor. That Lucian A. Hasans, Secretary 
of the Commonwealth, had. executed a bond, dated July 12, for 
$5,000.00 conditioned according to law, with Harrison Hagans, 
Wm. Hagans and Wm. Frey, as securities therein and approved 
by the Governor. See House Journal pp. 83-84. 

On the same day a Committee appointed to examine the Treas- 
urer's office reported that up to this date, the financial statement 
of said office was as follows: — 

Total receipts to July 24, 1861 $37,449.39 

Dibursements to date 2,659.22 

Leaving a balance in Treasury of $34,790.17 

There was much important legislation, highly characteristic of 
the time. 

Reguk.vr Sessiox of this General Assembly Convened Decem- 
ber 2, 1861 ; Ad.journed February 13, 1862. 

When this Assembly convened in regular session, it was at once 
ready for business, both Houses having been organized at the begin- 
ning of the extra session in the preceecling July. Its sessions were 
held in the Linsly Institute. Governor Pierpont sent his m&ssage 
to both Houses, and ten thousand copies were ordered printed. 
He graphically described existing conditions. In it he said: '"I 
regret that I cannot congratulate you upon the termination of the 
great Civil War with which it has pleased Divine Providence to 
chasten the pride of the American people. It still rages in our 
midst, and around our very homes. But a year ago, no nation was 
more prosperous than this. Peace, happiness and prosperity pre- 
vailed throughout the land. Now the elements of civil society hav? 
been broken up. Brothers are arrayed against brothers, and father 
against son; and rapine and murder are desolating the land." 

The session was a busy one. ]\Iany acts were passed, among them 
one to organize the county Court of Alexandria; to incorporate the 
Parkersburg and Big Sandy Eailroad Company; to appropriate 



180 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

$21,684.00 to the Northwestern Lunatic Asylum at Weston ; to regu- 
late the inspection of salt in Kanawha county; and for the organ- 
ization of troops for the Federal Army. 

Second Extra Session op this First Assembly May, 5, 1862; 
Adjourned May 15, 1862. 

In a few minutes after being called to order both Houses were 
ready for business, and the Governor was informed of this ; w^here- 
upon he sent to each an executive message, one thousand copies 
of which were ordered printed. In this he set forth the legislation 
needful to be enacted. This received attention and the body ad- 
journed at the end of a session lasting but ten days. 

Election op State Officials by the People. 

An Ordinance adopted by the Second Wheeling Convention, June 
19, 1861, provided that "A Governor, Lieutenant-Governor and 
Attorney-General" should be appointed for six months or until 
their successors should be elected and qualified. This was done by 
the Convention. The General Assembly was required by law to 
provide for the election of these three officials. This it did by 
passing an Act January 17, 1862, providing that on the 22d of 
the succeeding May, an election should be held to choose officials 
for the unexpired terms of said offices, — Governor, Lieutenant- 
Governor and Attorney-General. Mass conventions in Wood and 
other counties named for these offices the men who had been for- 
merly elected by the Convention — Pierpont, Polsley and Wheat. 
An election was held on the date fixed, with the following result : 

Counties. For Goverxok, For LiErT-OoTEHNOR, Attorney-General, 

F. H. Pierpont. Daniel Polsley. James S. Wheat. 

Accomao C2?! 222 222 

Alexandria 108 192 191 

Braxton 40 ... ... 

Brooke 301 487 486 

Clay -27 27 27 

Doddridge 4.'?8 428 427 

Gilmer 120 113 113 

Harrison 730 706 690 

Hancock 342 .340 340 

Jackson 311 300 303 

Kanawha 640 638 627 

Lewis 370 362 359 

Monongalia 12.52 1171 1174 

Marion 873 837 822 

Mason 730 671 607 

Marshall 131 7 1308 1314 

Northampton 11 .... .... 

Ohio 1531 1538 1599 

Preston 068 949 940 

Putnam 173 166 165 

Pleasants 102 195 195 

Ritchie 383 380 416 

Roane 70 76 65 

Randolph 78 76 50 

Taylor 466 441 441 

Tucker 104 104 103 



1908] The Restored Government of Virginia. 18i 



Tyler 463 309 401 

Upshui- 364 362 362 

Wood 1127 1122 1120 

Wetzel 301 274 28'2 

Wirt 212 204 201 

Fairfax 248 240 239 

Total . 14S24 14328 13441 

Scattering 124 voters. 

The Third Extra Session of the G-eneral Assembly Which 

Convened December 4, 1862 ; and Adjourned 

February 5, 1863, 

Again this First General Assembly convened in extra session. It 
met in the United States Court Room, and was ready for work. The 
Governor's message was received and ordered printed. In it he 
said : ' ' Gentlemen, it is our fortune to live in these times of fear- 
ful responsibilities and duties. We are making history to be read 
by, and exert its influence upon, coming generations. With a deep 
sense of our responsibilities and with an earnest supplication to 
the Great Source of all strength for assistance in the discharge 
of our respective duties during this momentous crisis, let us enter 
upon the work before us. " 

The military affairs of the Commonwealth: — The Northwestern 
portion — was discussed and much attention given this matter; thy 
entire military force of the counties represented being organized, 
and general officers being elected therefor. December 22d, a recess 
was taken to the 6th of January, 1863. 

It w^ill be remembered that on the 9th of July, 1861, the Second 
Wheeling Convention elected Waitman T. Willey to a seat in the 
United States Senate, to fill the unexpired term of James M. Mason 
who upon the adoption of the Ordinance of Secession by Virginia 
had resigned his seat in that body. The time for which Mr. Willey 
had been elected would expire March 3, 1863, and, January 23d, 
the General Assembly in joint session proceeded to elect his suc- 
cessor, Spicer Patrick of Kanawha County, nominated Lemuel J. 
Bowden; H. W. Crothers of Brooke County, nominated Lemuel J. 
Kenzie ; and Charles Hooton nominated Waitman T. Willey. Lemuel 
J. Bowden* was elected on the second ballot. 



♦Note. — Lemuel J. Bowden was born in Williamsburg, Virginia, .January 16, 
1S15., He was graduated at William and Mary College and was admitted to the 
Virginia bar. Speedily he attained to prominence in his profession. He was 
three times a member of the General Assembly ; a member of the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1850-.51, and a Presidential elector in 1S60. When the Civil 
War came he adhered to the Union: left a valuable estate in Williamsburg and went 
to Washington, and then to Wheeling, where he manifested much interest in the 
Restored Government. He took his seat in Congress, the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, 1863, but died .January 2, 1864, and was buried at Washington City. 



182 Archives axd History. [W. Va. 

The business of the Session being finished the Assembly adjourned 
sine die. Thuse ended the first General Assembly of Virginia 
under the Restored Government. 

THE RESTORED GOVERNMENT AT ALEXANDRIA. 

Days and weeks came and went and brought June 20th 1863. At 
high noon on that day, the sovereignty of a new State — WEST 
VIRGINIA — was extended over all the region within its bounds, 
where that of the Restored Government had been exerted previous- 
ly. It was exactly two years since that June day 1861, when 
Governor Pierpont had taken the oath of office, and entered upon 
the discharge of his duties. Now the seat of government — Capital 
of the Restored GovemmerLt — must be removed beyond the limits 
of "West Virginia. On the 5th of February 1863, it w^as pro- 
vided that whenever the Governor should deem it expedient for th'3 
public good that the offices of the Auditor and Treasurer should 
be kept in the city of Alexandria, or in any other place in the 
Commonwealth outside of the City of Wheeling, he should make 
proclamation thereof ; and he was authorized to convene the General 
Assembly at such place as he should select for the seat of govern- 
ment. He chose Alexandria and made proclamation accordingly. 
This was the old city on the west bank of the Potomac nine miles 
below Washington City. It was the Old Belhaven of Colonial days ; 
the first military headquarters of Colonel Washington in 1754 ; the 
scene of the landing of Braddock's ill-fated Army in 1755; and 
had been incorporated in 1784. The streets were laid out on the 
plan of those of Philadelphia — crossing each other at right-angles. 
On every hand were verdant hills ; the broad expanse of the Potomac 
spread out far and wide ; while to the north might be seen thft 
National Capitol with its beautiful columns, white walls and tower- 
ing dome, forming a most conspicuous object. It was governed 
at this time by a Mayor and a Common Council of sixteen members. 
It was to this city that Governor Pierpont removed the archives 
and paraphanalia of the Restored Government. 

It was a remarkable removal of a Government. Daniel Polsley, 
its Lieutenant-Governor, Henry J. Samuels, its Adjutant-General, 
Samuel Crane, its Auditor of Public Accounts, Campbell Tarr, 
its Treasurer, and James S. Wheat, its Attorney-General, all 
resigned when the time for removal came, and Governor Pierpont 
left with buit two members — Lucian A. Hagans, his Secretary of the 
Commonwealth, and Lewis W. Webb, who had been appointed Audi- 
tor — of his official family, proceeded to xVlexandria. There n 



1908] The Restored Government of Virginia. 183 

brick building, in which are now the offices of the Alexandria "Watei* 
and Light Company, was occupied and this became the State House 
of the Kestored G-ovemment. There he filled vacancies by appoint- 
ment. Leopold C. P. Cowper was made Lieutenant-Governor and 
a Mr. Smith, Treasurer of the Commonwealth. On the 23d day 
of May preceding Grovernor Pierpont had been re-elected for the 
full term of four years beginning January 1, 1864. At the same 
time members of the General Assembly were chosen in that part 
of Virginia outside of AVest Virginia which gave adherance to the 
Restored Government, or rather that part which was under control 
of the Federal Armies. These members thus chosen, constituted the 
Second General Assembly under the Restored Government. The 
first session with membership and organization, was as follows: 

REGULAR SESSION OF THE SECOND GENERAL ASSEMBLY UNDER 
THE RESTORED GOVERNMENT, BEGINNING MONDAY, DE- 
CEMBER 7, 1863; AND ENDING FEBRUARY 6, 1864. 

SENATORS. 

Accomac and NortTiainpton . . . .James H. Kellam* and Samuel W. Powell.* 

Alexandria and Fairfax Thomas P. Brown.** 

Loudoun W. P. Mercier, 

Norfolk City C. H'. Whitehurst. 

Hampton District T. S. Tennis. 

Norfolk and Princess Anne Counties F. W. Lemosy. 

Leopold C. P. Cowper, Lieutenant-Governor . .President. 
Frederick A. Augustien. of Fairfax County. .Clerk. 

Charles H. Lewis Engrossing Clerk. 

Ehen E. Mason, until December 7, 186 Jf: then 

Sam.uel Davis Sergeant-at-arms. 

William Hough, until December 12, 186-'f then 

John J. Cole Doorkeeper. 

Frank Leiois Page. 

Larkin Patton Custodian of Senate Chamber 

DELEGATES. 

Accomac — William H. Gibbons and i Alexandria — Allen C. K'armon and 



Thomas H. Kellam. t 

Northampton — ^John R. Birch. 

Portsmouth City — James W Brown- 
ley. 

Prince WilUa^n — Enoch Haislip. 

Norfolk County — Richard E. Nash. 



Reuben Johnston. 
Norfolk City— Andrew L. Hill. 
Loudoun — J. Madison Downey and 

J. J. Henshaw. 
Elisabeth City Cou?ity — Robert B. 

V\^ood. 
Fairfax — Job J. Hawxhurst. 



♦f-'amupl W. Powell snccpssfiilly contested the seat of Thomas 11. Kellam, and 
took his seat, January 20. 1S04. 

**Tiie seat of Thomas P. P.i-own was nnsnceessfnlly contested by .Tames S. Pnrdy. 
tThomas H. Kellam. one of the members from Accomac, who had been un- 
seated in the Senate, by Samuel W. Powell, January 20, ],SG4, appeared as a mem- 
ber of the House, December 5, ]865. 



184 Archives and Histoet. [W. Va. 

J. Madison Downey, of Loudoun County. .Speaker. 

George Tucker Clerk. 

Talmadge Thome Sergeant-at-arms. 

Daniel W. Leiois First Doorkeeper. 

Joseph Golton Second Doorkeeper. 

Franklin Watkins Page. 

Larkin Patton Custodian of Hall of House of Del- 
egates. 

Both Houses received the message of G-oyernor Pierpont. In this 
he briefly reviewed the history of the Restored Government while 
Wheeling- was its capital city. Among other recommendations ho 
strongly urged the calling of a convention to frame a new Con- 
stitution for the Commonwealth. A Bill called the "Convention 
Bill No. 9," providing for this was prepared and enacted into a 
law. 

January 24, 1864, Resolutions on the Death of Edward Everett, 
were adopted, at the time of his death, and G-overnor Pierpont 
was directed to transmit copies thereof to the Governor of IMass- 
achusetts. 

On February 5, 1864, the two branches of the General Assembly 
convened in joint session for the election of State officers. Samud 
W. Powell nominated Lucian A. Hagans, the present incumbent 
for Secretary of the Commonwealth. The total vote was sixteen — 
six in the Senate, and ten in the House. Hagans received all of 
them, and was declared unanimously elected. C. H. Whitehursr 
nominated Lewis W. Webb, for Auditor of Public Accounts, there 
was no opposition and he too was declared unanimously elected, 
to that office. T. S. Tennis nominated W. F. Mercier for Trea- 
surer of the Commonwealth; and Thomas P. Brown nominated 
John J. Henshaw. The later was elected. The business of the ses- 
sion was at last completed and the body adjourned. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION CONVENED UNDER THE RE- 
STORED GOVERNMENT AT ALEXANDRIA. 

ASSEMBLED FEBRUARY 13, 1864; ADJOrRXED Sine die APRIL 11, 1864. 
MEMBERSHIP. 



Aecomac County — William H. Dix. 

Accomac-Northampton Senatorial 
District — Arthur Watson. 

Alexandria Coimty — Walter L. 
Peun. 

Alexandria-Fairfax Senatorial Dis- 
trict — S. Ferguson Beach. 



Elizabeth City County — Robert B. 

Wood. 
Fairfax County — John Hawxhurst. 
Loudoun County — John J. Henshav/, 

James M. Downey and B. W. 

Grover. 



1908] The Restored Governmext of Virginia. ISn 



Norfolk County — George R. Boush 
and Philip G. Thomas. 

Norfolk Cifi/— Lewis V/. Webb. 

Norfolk Senatorial District — Mor- 
gan W. Wing. 

Northampton County — William P. 
Moore. 



Princess Annei County — John W. 

Stone. 
Princess Anne and Portsmouth 

Senatorial District — LeRoy G. 

Edwards. 
York, Warwicke, Charles City, and 

Neio Kent Counties, and City of 

Williamsburg — T. S. Tennis. 

LeRoy G. Edwards President. 

W. G. Cowing Secretary. 

In compliance with the Act of Assembly recently enacted this 
Convention framed a New Constitution for the Commonwealth. 
Section 27, of Article IV. read as follows: "The General Assembly 
shall provide by law for adjusting with the State of West Virginia 
the proportion of the public debt of Virginia, proper to be borne 
by the States of Virginia and of West Virginia respectively; and 
may authorize, in conjunction with the State of West Virginia, 
the sale of all lands and property of every description, including 
all stocks and other interests owned and held by the state of Vir- 
ginia in banks, works of internal improvement, and other companies 
ajt the time of the formation of the State of West Virginia. 

It shall not provide for the payment of any debt or obligation 
created in the name of the State of Virginia by the usurped and 
pretended State authorities at Richmond." 

It will be seen that the small number of delegates to this Conven- 
tion was due to the fact that after West Virginia had been formed, 
by far the greater part of Virginia was still within the Confederate 
lines. 

On the 7th of April the Constitution was adopted by the Con- 
vention ; but it was not ratified by the people ; it was never sub- 
mitted to them for ratification. 

Governor Pierpont writing of this Convention says: — "Objec- 
tion has been raised to the proceedings of the Constitutional Con- 
vention of Virginia under the Restored Government, on two 
grounds — 

1st. — That the number constituting the Convention was too small. 

2d. — That the convention did not submit its action to the people 
for ratification or rejection. The answer to the first objection is 
that all were represented which were in the Federal lines. More 
than one-tenth of the State was represented. The answer to the 
second is that it was AvhoUy useless to submit the Constitution thus 
amended to the people for ratification or rejection. Suppose there 



186 Archives Axn History. [W. Va. 

was only one-eighth of the State represented; the adoption of th<j 
Constitution by that eighth would be no expression of opinion of 
the other seven-eighths. No person is so silly as to maintain that 
the adoption or rejection of the Constitution by one-eighth thus 
ma.de by the Convention would have been any expression, of public 
sentiment in the State.'' (See 'Calendar of Virginia State Papers.' 
Vol. XL pp. 356, 357.) 

Second Session of this Gexeeal Assembly Convened at Alex- 
andria. 

Assembled December 5, 1864; Adjourned March 7, 1865. 

The organization effected at the preceding session was continued. 
Governor Pierpont, having been informed by a committee that the 
Assembly awaited his pleasure, immediately transmitted his mes- 
sage, thereby adding another remarkable Document to the long 
list of the calendar of Virginia State Papers. In it he said :' ' The 
condition of the Commonwealth, as far as I can learn, is deplorable 
indeed. The fires of Civil War have lighted nearly every neigh- 
borhood in three-fourths of it." He proceeded to detail the diffi- 
culty of reorganizing the counties then under Federal control be- 
cause of the hostility of General Butler, commandant of the ]Mili- 
tary District of Virginia and North Carolina. 

December 8, 1864, the two Houses met in Joint Session for the 
purpose of electing a United States Senator to succeed the late 
Hon. Lemuel J. Bowden, deceased; and another as the successor 
of Hon. John S. Carlile, whose term would expire March 4, 1865. 
The House of Delegates presented the names of Joseph Segar, of 
Elizabeth City, and John Underwood, of Alexandria; the Senate 
those of Lewis McKenzie of Alexandria, and S. Ferguson Beach. 
The whole number of votes cast was sixteen, of which Segar r-^- 
ceived eleven, and was declared elected to succeed Lemuel J. 
Bowden, as United States Senator. December 9th the two Houses 
assembled in Joint Session to elect a successor of John S. Carlile, 
the present incumbent, to serve six years from the 4th day of 
March, 1865. Whole number of votes cast was sixteen, necessary to 
a choice, nine ; John C. Underwood received twelve and was elected. 
Neither were ever admitted to seats in the Senate. 

Another year had passed away and the joint Assembly proceeded 
to elect an Auditor of Public Accounts, and a Treasurer of th>^ 
Commonwealth. For the office of Auditor, John W. Kelley received 
two votes and Lewis W. Webb thirteen votes; he was declared 




Gexekal David Huxtek Strother. 
Born at Martinsburg, Berkeley County, West Virginia, September 26, 
1S16; Died at Charles Town, Jefferson County, March 8, 1888. Served in 
Federal army during the Civil "War; was on the staff of General John 
Pope in 1862, when the above picture was sketched from life by Joseph 
H. Diss Debar. Later, in 1865, he served as Adjutant-General under 
Governor Pierpont when the Seat of the Restored Government was re- 
moved from Alexandria to Richmond. Formerly, he was artistic and liter- 
ary contributor to "Harper's Monthly" under the nom-de-plume of "Port 
Crayon." His literary fame is almost world-wide. 



1908] The Restored Govebnmext of Virginia. 187 

elected. For Treasurer: James P. Barlow received five votes and 
Warren "W. "Wing received eleven votes and was declared elected. 
Tuesday March 7, 1865 the Assembly finished its Second Regular 
Session and adjourned never to meet again at Alexandria. 

THE RESTORED GOVERNIMENT AT RICHMOND. 

February 25 1865, the following ''Joint Resolution to authorize 
the Removal of the Seat of Government;" was reported, as follows: 

^^ Resolved hy the Senate ajid House of Delegates of Virginia, 
That the Governor of this Commonwealth be, and is hereby author- 
ized to change the seat of Government of this State to Norfolk, or 
any other convenient place in this State, whenever in his opinion, 
the interests of the State would be promoted by such removal. 
Provided, liowever, that nothing in this resolution shall be (so) 
construed as to authorize the location or detention of the seat of 
Government, at any other place than the city or Richmond, when 
the city of Richmond can be safely occupied as the Seat of Govern- 
ment of the State. ' ' 

Acting under this resolution Governor Pierpont, ]\Iay 25, 1865, 
removed the capital of the Restored Government to Richmond, the 
recent capital of Virginia, and of the late Confederate Government. 
He was immediately waited upon by representative citzens from 
every portion of the State, and listened attentively to them and 
took counsel with them in their misfortunes. In response to his 
inquires he learned that but a few in any county, of none in some, 
could hold office because of the disqualification imposed upon them 
by the Alexandria Constitution for the participancy in the southern 
side of the War between the States. With the removal of the 
seat of the Restored Government to Richmond, th personnel of the 
Restored Government was again almost entirely changed. Lucia n 
A. Hagans, the Secretary of the Commonwealth, had resigned and 
returned to liis home in Preston county, West Virginia, and his 
successor Avas Charles H. Lewis. The Auditor of Public Accounts, 
Lewis W. Webb, had been succeeded by William F. Taylor; and 
Francis J. Smith was now Treasurer of the Commonwealth, instead 
of Warren J. Wing, who had served in that capacity the preceding 
year at Alexandria. David H. Strother of Martinsburg, West 
Virginia, "Port Crayon" of Harper's WeeMy, author of "The 
Virginia Canaan." and who had risen to the rank of Brigadier- 
General in the Federal Army, was Adjutant-General. Governor 
Pierpont at once sent him in person to all counties that had reprc- 



188 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

sentatives in the General Assembly at Alexandria, summoning them 
to Richmond, in 1865, their legal terms ending July 1st ensuing. 
They met in the Governor's Reception Room. There the Governor 
informed them that without the repeal of the disfranchisement laws, 
he could not reconstruct the State, as there were no persons to vote : 
that they had the power to remove this disability, and that if they 
would agree to do so, he would call them in extra session. They 
assented. The extra session was called and the third session of the 
second Assembly convened in Richmond. Because of its historical 
signification the rolls of membership and organization is given as 
follows : 

SESSION BEGINNING MONDAY, JUNE 19, 1865, AND ENDING FRIDAY, 

23, ENSUING. 

(length of session five days.) 



Accomac and Northampton Sam W. Powell. 

Loudoun F. W. Mercier. 

NorfolJc City C. H. Whitehurst. 

Norfolk and Princess Anne Counties F. W. Lemosy. 

Hampton Senatorial District T. S. Dennis. 

Leopold C. P. Cowper, Lieutenant-Govei-nor . .President 

R. F. Walker, Richmond City Clerk. 

F. v. Sutton Sergeant-at-arms. 

Miles C. Eggleston, Henrica County Doorkeeper. 

Alfred Thornton Custodian of Senate Chamber. 



Accomac County — Wm. H. Gibbons 

and Thomas K. Kellam. 
Alexandria — Allen C. Harmon and 

Reuben Johnston. 
Northampton — John R. Birch. 
Prince William Co. — Enoch Hais- 

lip. 



Norfolk — Andrew^ L. Hill. 
Loudoun — J. Madison Downey, and 

John J. Henshaw. 
Elizaheth Citij— Robert Wood. 
Fairfax — Job J. Hawxhurst. 



J. Madison Downey Speaker. 

P. H. Gibbon, Richmond City, vice George Tucker, re- 
signed Clerk. 

Thomas L. Keyidall, Northampton County Sergeant-at-arms. 

Robert Somerville Page. 

i.lfred Thornton Custodian, Hall House of Delegates. 

This body, in five days, removed the disability to vote and by 
resolution, the next General Assembly was given continued author- 
ity to remove the disqualification to hold office. "With the fund 



1908] The Restored Government of Virginia. 189 

in the Treasury of the Alexandria Government appropriated by 
the Assembly, Governor Pierpont rehabilated the Western Lunatic 
Asylum, and the institution for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind at 
Staunton ; and the Eastern Asylum at Williamsburg, all of which 
institutions were destitute of supplies. Dr. R. A. Brock ,the dis- 
tinguished Virginia historian, writing in 1882 of the administration 
of Governor Pierpont at Richmond; says: ''He also found, upon his 
arrival in Richmond, the United States ]\Iarshall busy libeling the 
property of the late Confederates for confiscation, A few days 
afterward. President Johnson issued a proclamation confiscating the 
estates of certain classes unless pardoned. It was stipulated that 
all petitions should be recommended by the governor. He soon pre- 
ceived that the the President was temporizing, and was led to appro 
hend that the "Pardon Mill" was a force at leastfi if no worse. He 
accordingly determined to recommend all petitions offered him. He 
next protested to the Attorney-General against the further iniquity 
of libeling property which it was never designed to confiscate, and 
which only entailed grevious expense on the owners. His protest 
was effective. He next interposed for the suppression of the class 
of pardon-broker harpies, who obstructed the due course of the 
Executive clemency as provided. He refused to recommend any 
petition which would pass into the hands of a broker, and this de- 
armed these repacious thieves. He next interposed for the relief 
of citizens who were under civil indictment for offences which were 
within the province of military authority and recommended leniency 
and conciliation to the courts." He also appointed, upon the 
recommendation of those duly interested, efficient regents for the 
University of Virginia, and for the Virginia Military Institute, 
without reference to party affiliation. See ''Eminent Virginians." 
R. A. Brock, p. 386. 

Governor Pierpont continued in office beyond the period of his 
terai, w^hieh expired January 1, 1868, and held until April 16„ en- 
suing when he was succeeded by General Henry H. Wells appointed 
provisional Governor by General John M. Schofield, commanding 
the Militar\^ Department of Virginia. He retired to private life, 
his home being at Fairmont, Mason county. West Virginia. It was 
his boast that in the whole history of the Rastored Government, 
but a single alteration had been made in the Constitution of Vir- 
ginia, and that was to reduce the number of members in each branch 
of the General Assembly necessary to constitute a quorum to do 
business. The name of Francis H. Pierpont will long be an honored 
one on the pages of the history of the Virginias. 



190 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



THE FINANCES OF THE RESTORED GOVERNMENT. 

(From Wheeling to Richmond.) 
The following statement is prepared from the Reports of the 
several Auditors of Public Accounts, under the Restored Govern- 
ment and submitted annually to Governor Pierpont, at the close 
of the fiscal years. 

RECEIPTS FOR THE YEAR ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 1861. 

Hancock County, from Taxes and Licenses .f 4,604. 8.^ 

Brooke County, from Texas and Licenses .$ 4,604.83 

Ohio County, from Taxes and Licenses 27,220. 80 

Marshall County, from Taxes and Licenses 10,662.19 

Wetzel County, from Taxes and Licenses 1,687. 13 

Tyler County, from Taxes and Licenses 2,140. 00 

Wood County, from Taxes and Licenses 6,341. 13 

Doddridge County, from Taxes and Licenses 874. 25 

Harrison County, from Taxes and licenses • 8,50.00 

Preston County, from Taxes and Licenses 1,000. 00 

Monongalia County, from Taxes and Licenses 320. 00 

E. M. Morton, loan to Commonwealth .500. 00 

Amount of F. H. Pierponfs Check, Northwestern Bank 3,008.83 

From the Lunatic Asylum west of the Allegheny Mountains 27,000.00 

From the Federal Government. Virginia's distributable share of the 

sale of Public Lands. Act of Congress, 1841 44,857. 13 

Savings Banks of the citv of Wheeling 117. 73 

Notarv Public of the city of Wheeling 51. 30 

Hempfield Railroad 75. 51 

Foreign Insurance Companies 62. 07 

Making in all $1 38,054. 1 3 

Expended to September 30, 1801 57,608. 29 

Balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1801 , $80,355. 84 

For the Fiscal Year ending Sept. 30, 1802, the Receipts were $205,251.80 

Balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1801 80,355. 84 

Making a total of $285,007. 84 

Expended to Sept. 30, 1862 105,460. 17 

Leaving in Treasury Oct. 1. 1862 $120,146. 67 

For the period from Oct. 1, 1862, to June 19, 1863, receipts were. . . ?252,529>.71 

Balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1862 120,159.01 

Making a total of $372,688. 72 

Expended from Oct. 1, 1862, to June 19, 1863 ^i^I'nS^'^o 

Leaving a balance in Treasury, June 20, 1862 22.5,280. U.^ 

Appropriation to West Virginia by Restored Government, Feb. 4, 1863 loO,UUU.uu 
Appropriation to West Virginia by Restored Government, Feb. 4, 

1863, of all balance not otherwise appropriated 25,000.00 

By balance due of said appropriation, $20,771.46 H^^'lll'-^ 

Balance in Treasury June 20, 1863 $29,508. o7 

Receipts from June 20. 1863, to Oct. 1, 1863 '^on'inl'K- 

Balance brought forward -9,50».&i 

Making a total of $37,771 . 59 

Expended from June 20, 1863, to Oct. 1, 1863 ^^t'H'^cn 

Leaving balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1863 c/rlV'roA' oo 

Receipts from Oct. 1, 1863, to Sept. 30, 1864 -^^ot-p^^fi^ 

Balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1863 33,bd(.bU 

Making a total of ^^^?'onI"?o 

Expended from Oct 1, 1863. to Sept. 30, 1864 < 1,861. 13 

Leaving balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1864 $66,296.79 

Receipts from Oct. 1. 1S64, to Sept. 30, 1865, '^^ic-oSA-TQ 

Balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1864 66.296.79 

Makin<' a total of $191,318.89 

Expended' from^Oct. 1, 1864, to Sept. 30, 1865 93,235.16 

Leaving balance in Treasury Oct. 1, 1865 $98,083. 73 



APPENDIX V. 



Historical Data Relating to the Formation of West Virgin [ a. 



For full thirty years before the Civil War, State division had 
been a theme of earnest discussion throughout the trans-Allegheny 
Region — now West Virginia. It was the existencee of the Restored 
Government at the head of which was Governor Pierpont, that 
made this possible. The Wood county delegates came to the First 
Wheeling Convention — May 13, 1861 — with banners and trans- 
parencies bearing the legend, "New Virginia, now or never," and 
this became a rallying cry in that body. The ninth Resolution in 
the series which it adopted was as follows: 

Resolved, — "That in as much as it is a conceded political axiom, that govern- 
ment is founded on the consent of the governed and -instituted for their good, and 
it cannot be denied that the course pursued by the ruling power in the State is 
utterly subversive and destructive of our interests, we believe we may rightfully and 
successfully appeal to the proper authorities of Virginia, to permit us peacefully and 
lawfully to separate from the residue of the State, and form ourselves into a gov- 
ernment to give effect to the wishes, views, and interests of our constituents." 

In the second Wheeling Convention which assembled June 
11, 1861, the thought uppermost in the minds of the delegates, was 
that of a New State west of the Alleghenies, "New Virginia and 
the Union" was now the rallying cry and the movement to secure 
this was afterward strongly supported by the officials of the Re- 
stored Government. 

On the 7th of August, 1861, the President, Arthur I Boreman, 
in compliance w'ith a resolution of James G. West of Wetzel County, 
appointed a "Committee on a division of the State.'' It was com- 
posed of James G. West of Wetzel County; Wm. L. Crawford, o!" 
Hancock County; John D. Nicholas, of Brooke County; Andrew 
Wilson of Ohio County; James H. Burley, of Marshall County; 
Daniel D. Johnson, of Tyler County; Chapman J. Stuart, of 
Doddridge County; James W. Williamson, of Pleasants County; 
Wm. Douglas, of Ritchie County ; Peter G. Van Winkle, of Wood 
County; Andrew Flesher, of Jackson County; Lewis Wetzel, of 
IMason County; Wm. y\f. Brumfield of Wayne County; Leroy 



192 Archives axu HisTORr. [W. Va. 



Kramer, of Monongalia County ; John S. Barnes, of IMarion County ; 
Thomas Gather, of Taylor County; William B. Zinn, of Preston 
County; Solomon Parsons, of Tucker County; Samuel Crane, oE 

' Randolph County ; D. M. Myers of Barbour County ; John L. 
Smith, of Upshur County; J. A. J. Lightburn, of Lewis County; 
Henry H. Withers, of Gilmer County; John J. Davis, of Harrison 
County; E. T. Graham, of Wirt County; Greenbury Slack, of 
Kanawha County; James H. Trout, of Hampshire County; Jolm 

. Hawxhurst, of Fairfax County; and Gilbert S. Miner, of Alex- 
andria County. 

On the 13th of August ensuing, this Committee reported "An 
Ordinance for the Division of the State." This produced long 
and earnest debate ; changes and additions were made, and on the 
20th this was adopted. It was as follows : 

AN ORDINANCE TO PROVIDE FOR THE FORIMATION OF A NEW 

STATE OUT OF A PORTION OF THE TERRITORY OF 

THIS STATE. 

(adopted august 20, 1S61.) 

Wheras, it Is represented to be the desire of the people inhabiting the counties 
hereinafter mentioned, to be separated from this commonwealth, and to be erected 
into a separate state, and admitted into the union of states, and become a member 
of the government of the United States ; 

Section 1. The people of Virginia, by their delegates assembled in convention 
at Wheeling, do ordain that a new state, to be called the state of Kanawha, be 
formed and erected out of the territory included within the following described 
boundary ; Beginning on the Tug Fork of Sandy River, on the Kentucky line where 
the counties of Buchanan and Logan join the same ; and running thence with the 
dividing lines of said counties and the dividing line of the counties of Wyoming and 
McDowell to the Mercer county line, and with the dividing line of the counties of 
Mercer and Wyoming to the Raleigh county line ; thence with the dividing line of 
the counties of Raleigh and Mercer, Monroe and Raleigh, Greenbrier and Raleigh, 
Fayette and Greenbrier. Nicholas and Greenbrier. Webster, Greenbrier and Poca- 
hontas, Randolph and Pocahontas, Randolph and Pendleton, to the south-west cor- 
ner of Hardy county; thence with the dividing line of the counties of Hardy and 
Tucker, to the Fairfax Stone; thence with the line dividing the states of Maryland 
and Virginia, to the Pennsylvania line ; thence with the line dividing the states 
of Pennsylvania and Virginia, to the Ohio River ; thence down said river, and in- 
cluding the same, to the dividing line between Virginia and Kentucky, and with 
the said line to the beginning ; including within the boundaries of the proposed 
new state the counties of Logan, Wyoming, Raleigh, Fayette, Nicholas, Webster, 
Randolph, Tucker, Preston, Monongalia, Marion. Taylor, Barbour, Upshur, Harrison, 
Lewis, Braxton, Clay, Kanawha, Boone, Wayne, Cabell, Putnam, Mason, Jackson, 
Roane, Calhoun, Wirt, Gilmer, Ritchie, Wood, Pleasants, Tyler, Doddridge, Wetzel, 
Marshall, Ohio, Brooke, and Hancock. 

Section 2. All persons qualified to vote within the boundaries aforesaid, aad 
who shall present themselves at the several places of voting within their respective 
counties, on the fourth Thursday in October next, shall be allowed to vote on the 
question of the formation of a new state, as hereinbefore proposed ; and it shall 
be the duty of the commissioners conducting the election at the several places of 
voting, at the same time, to cause polls to be taken for the election of delegates to a 
convention to form a constitution for the government of the proposed state. 

Section 5. The commissioners conducting the said election in each of said 
counties shall ascertain, at the same time they ascertain the vote upon the forma- 
tion of a new state, who has been elected from their county to the convention, 
hereinbefore provided for, and shall certify to the secretary of the commonwealth, 
the name or names of the person or persons elected to the said convention. 

Section 6. It shall be the duty of the governor, on or before the fifteenth day 
of November next, to ascertain and by proclamation make known the result 
of the said vote ; and if a majority of the votes given within the boundaries men- 
tioned in the first section of this ordinance, shall be in favor of the formation of a 
new state, he shall so state in his said proclamation, and shall call upon said dele- 



1908] The Formation of West Virginia. 192 



gates to meet in the city of Wheeling, on the 26th day of November next, and or- 
ganize themselves into a convention ; and said convention shall submit, for ratifica- 
tion or rejection, the constitution that may be agreed upon by it, to the qualified 
voters within the proposed state, to be voted upon by the said voters on the fourth 
Thursday in December next. 

Section 7. The county of Ohio shall elect three delegates ; the counties of 
Harrison, Kanavrha, Marion, Marshall, Monongalia, Preston, and Wood shall each 
elect two : and the other counties named in the first section of this ordinance shall 
each elect one delegate to the said convent-ion. * » » * * 

Section 10. When the general assembly shall give its consent to the formation 
of such new state, it shall forward to the congress of the United States such con- 
sent, together wtih an official copy of such constitution, with the request that the 
said new state may be admitted into the union of states. 

************ 

A. I. BoREMAN, President. 
G. L. Craxjier, Secretary. 

The vote of the people on this "New State Ordinance" was taken 
on Thursday October 24, 1861, at which time 18,408 votes were cast 
for it and 781 against it; Governor Pierpont having learned of 
this, issued a Proclamation on the 6th of November ensuing re- 
quiring the delegates elected to the Constitutional Convention to 
assemble on the 26th of that month; they having been chosen by 
senatorial Districts, counties, and Delegate-Districts. The member- 
ship of the Convention w^hich framed the first Constitution of 
"West Virginia, was as follows : 



194 



Archives and Histohy. 



[W. Va. 



LIST OF MEMBERS OF THE FIRST WEST VIRGINIA CONSTITUTION- 
AL CONVENTION WHICH ASSEMBLED AT WHEELING, VIRGIN- 
IA, NOVEMBER 26, 1861, AND ADJOURNED FEBRUARY 18, 1862; 
TOGETHER WITH THEIR AGE, PLACE OF NATIVITY, OCCUPA- 
TION, COUNTY REPRESENTED, AND PQST OFFICE ADDRESS: 

(reassembled FEBRUARY 12, 1863; AND ADJOURNED SinC CUe. FEBRUARY 20, 

1863.) 



Name 



Age 



fTordon Battelle 

John Ij. Bog-gs* 

James H. Bi-own — 1 — 
John J . Brown ... . 
Rlcliard L. Brooks* 
Wm. \V. Brumfielcl ... 

E. H. OaUlwell 

Thos. R. Oarskadou.. . 
James S. Oassady— 2.. . 

H. !)■ Ohapman 

Richard M. Oook— 3 ... 

Henry Derlng 

John A. Dllle 

Abijah Dolly 

I). W. Gibson* 

Samuel T. Griftitli*.. . 

Rol)eit Hagar 

Ephriam B. Hall 

John Hall 

Stephen M. Hansley .. 
Thomas W. Harrison . 

Hiram Haymond 

•Tames Hervey 

J. P Hobaek-4 

.Joseph Hubbs 

Roljert Irvine : 

Daniel Lamb 

R. W. Lauck 

K S Mahon 

Andrew Mann— 5 

J R McOutc-hen— 6 .. 
Dudley S. Montague .. 
Kmmett J O'Brien. . . . 

Griinville Parker 

.lames W. Parsons 

Jume^ W Paxton 

David S. Pinnell* 

Josephs. Pomeroy 

John M. Powell 

J. Rol)inson 

A. F. Ross* 

Lewis Ruffner 

Kdward W. Ryan— "... 

Geo. W. Sheetz 

.losiah .Simmons 

Harmon Slnsel 

Ben.iamin H Smith— 8 
Abram D.Soper . .... 
Ben,|. Ij. Stephenson . 

Wm. K Stevenson 

Benjamin F. Stewart. 
Chapman .T. Stuart ... 

(xustavus F. Taylor 

Moses Tichenael* 

Thomas H. Trainer — 
Peter G. Van Winkle . 

William Walker 

William W. Warder .. 

.Io«eph S Wheat* 

WaitmanT. Willey.... 
Andrew J. Wilson 



Nativity 



470hi 

Virginia . 
Vii'ginia . 
Virginia . 
Virg2nia . 



8H| Virginia 



U 



Virginia . 
Virginia . 
Virginia 

Mass 

Virginia . 
Virginia . 

Penn 

Virginia . 



Virginia 
Virginia . 
Ireland .. 
Virginia . 
Virginia . 
Virginia . 

Ohio 

Virginia . 

Penn 

Virginia . 

Pe n n 

Virginia 
Maryland 



Virginia 
Virginia 
Virginia 

Mass 

Virginia 
Virginia 



Penn . . . 
Virginia 



Virginia . 

Virginia . 

Virginia . 

Virginia . 
44 Virginia . 
. . Virginia . 
66 New York 
. . Virginia . 

40 Penn .. .. 
'>2 New York 

41 Virginia . 
36 Virginia 



Occupation County 



Minister 



Lawyer 

Ijawyer 

Farmer 

Farmer 

Lawyer 

Farmer 

Farmer 

Physician... 

Farmer 

Me; chant — 

Lawyer. . .. 

Farmer 

Physician . . 
Physician — 

Farmer 

Lawyer 

Farmer 

Fanner 

Lawyer 

Farmer 

fiawyer 

Farmer 

Fiirmer . . . . 

Lawyer 

Cashier 

Lawyer 

Farmer 

Farmer 

Hotel keeper 
Mechanic ... 

liawyer 

Farmer 

Merchant 



Minister 
Minister 



42 Virginia . 
58 New York 
34 Virglni:i . 
40 Virginia . 
. . . Virginia . 
.">0 Virginia 
60 Virginia 



Teacher . 
Salt Mant'r 
Minister . . 
Carpenter. . 
Farmer ... 
Carpenter . 

fjawyer 

Lawye'- 

Farmer .... 

Farmer 

Merchant . . 

Ijawyer 

Tjaw.ver 

Minister . . . 
Minister ... 

Tiawyer 

Lawyer 

Planner . . . . 



Ijawyer. 
Fa»riner 



Ohio 

Pendleton 
Kanawha .. 
Preston . ., 
Upshur — 

Wayne 

Marshall... 
Hampshire 
Fayette ... 

Roane 

Mercer 

Monongalia 
Preston . 
Hardy . . . 
Pocahontas 
Mason . .. 

Boone 

.Marion 

Mason 

Raleigh — 
Harrison . 

Marion 

Brooke... 
Mc Do we II.. 
Pleasants .. 
Lewis . ... 

Ohio 

Wetzel .... 
Jackson — 
(Greenbrier. 
Nicholas .. . 

Putnaifi 

Barbour — 

Cabell 

Tucktr 

Ohio 

Upshur 

Hancock . .. 
Hai'rison. . 
'Calhoun — 

|ohio 

i Kanawha .. 
[Fayette .... 
Hampsliir*' 
' Randolph .. 
Taylor. ... 

IjOeran 

Tyler 

Olay 

Wood 

Wirt 

Doddridge . 
Braxton ... 

Marion 

Marshall .. 

Wood 

Wyoming.. 

Gilmer 

Morgan 

Monongalia 
Ritchie 



Postofflce 



Wheeling 



Charleston 

Kingwood 

Rock iJave 

Ceredo . 

.Mou lids vi lie 

New Creek Sta. 
Fayetteville ... 
Spencer 



Morgantown 
Kingwood .. 
Greenland . . . 



W Columbia... 

Boone <' H 

Fairmont 

Point Pleasant. 

Marshall 

Clarksburg 

Palatine 

Wellsburg 



.St. Mfirys 

Weston 

Wheeling 

Martinsville ... 
Ravens wood . .. 



Red House Sh'ls 

Burnersville 

Guyandotte 

St (ieorge 

Wheeling 



Fairview 

West Milford.. . 



We.st Liberty. . 
Kan. Salines. . 



Piedmont 

Leedsville . . .. 

Pruntytown 

TiOgan C H 

Sistersville 

ClayC H 

Parkersburg. — 

Newark 

West Union 

Braxton C. H. .. 

Fairnii>nt 

Cameron 

Parkersburg 

(Oceana 

Troy 

Berkele.v Spr'gs. 
Morgantown . . . . 
Pennsboro 



JOHN HALL. Point Plesant P. O President. 

ELLERY R. HALL. Pruntytown. P. O Secretary. 

J.\MES C. ORR, Wheeling. P. O Sergeant-at-Arms. 

See reference notes en ne.xt page. 



1908] The Forjiatiox of West Virginia. 195 

The Second Session of the Coxvextioxs — As will be 
seen hereafter this Convention reassembled February 12, 1863, 
for the purpose of making the changes in the Constitution required 
by Congress regarding the extinction of slavery in the proposed 
State. Because of the changes in membersip which had taken place 
a committee on Credentials was appointed. Its report stated that 
A. F. Ross, had been elected a member of the Convention from 
. Ohio County, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Gordon 
3attelle ; David S. Pinnell of Upshur County, elected to fill vacancy 
resulting from the resignation of R. L. Brooks; Joseph S. Wheat, 
a member form Morgan Count.y, hitherto unrepresented; John I;. 
Boggs, of Pendleton County, not previously represented : J. Robin- 
son, of Calhoun County, it having no representative heretofore; 
Andrew Mann appeared and took his seat as a represenative from 
Gfreenbriier county; Rev. Moses Tichenael, of Marion County, 
to fill vacancy caused by the removal of Hiram Haymond from the 
county, who thereby vacated his seat ; James H. Brown of Kanawha 
County, reelected to fill vacancy resulting from his own resignation ; 
Dr. Samuel T. Griffith, of Mason County, appeared as the successor 
•of John Hall, President of the Convention, whose resignation was 
read and Abram D. Soper, of Tyler County, elected to the Presi- 
dency ; There was a contest* between Dr. D. W. Gibson and 
Samuel Young, for a seat in the Convention as a representative 
from Pocahontas County, not hitherto represented. The decision 
was in favor of Dr. Gibson. Thus it was that from the time of the 
Assembling of the Convention until its final adjournment, sixty-one 
members occupied seats therein, and forty-seven counties were 
represented, thus leaving but one — Webster — without representa- 
tion, there being but forty-eight counties then iiiolnded within the 
proposed boundaries of the New State. 

♦Occupied seats in the Second Session of the Convention, which convened Feb- 
ruary 12, 1863, and adjourned February 20. ensuing; but not in first session. 

1. James II. Brown resigned his seat February 1?, ] SG2. 

2. James S. Cassady resigned February ], 18f!'2. 

3. Richard M. Cook was admitted to a seat January 21. 1S62. 

4. J. P. Hoback was admitted to a seat January 23. I8fi2. 

5. Andrew Mann was admitted to a seat February 14, 1803. his credentials be- 
ing a petition signed by fifty citizens of Greenbrier county. 

6. J. R. McCutchen was admitted to a seat Januar.v 11, 18R2. 

7. Rev. Edward ^Y. Ryan was admitted to a seat February 3. 1862. 

8. Benjamin H. Smitli resided in Kanawha county, but had petitions signed 
by citizens of Logan county, praying tliat he represent tliem in tliis Convention, 
and he was thereupon admitted to a seat. 



*XoTE. — The report of tlie Committee on Credentials on the Tontest between 
Dr. D. W. Gibson and Samuel Young, for a seat in the Convention from Pocahontas 
County, is indicative of the timps — of the time when a new State was being born 
amid the throes of Civil War. The Committee says : 

"The facts are in brief, that last October, in view of the probable recalling 
•of the Convention, some twenty-flve citizens of Pocahontas county drew up and 



196 Abchives and History. [W. Va. 



At length the work on the Constitution was completed, and a 
' ' Schedule' ' attached thereto. In this John Hall, James W. Paxton^ 
Peter G. Van Winkle, Elbert H. Caldwell and Ephraim B. Hall, 
were named as Commissioners, whose duty it was to cause the 
Constitution and Schedule to be published in such newspapers 
printed within the proposed New State as they deemed proper. 
April 3, 1862, was designated as the day upon which the people 
should vote on the adoption of the amended Constitution. The 
result of the election was 18,062 votes for ratification, and 514 
against ratification. 

The General Assembly Under the Eestored Government Grants 
Permission to Form a New State Within 
THE Bounds of Virginia. 

The Constitution of the United States provides that "no new 
State shall be formed or erected withiui the jurisdiction of any 
other State, without the consent of the Legislature of the State 
concerned." Therefore it was necessary to have the permission 
or consent of the General Assembly of the Restored Government. 
For this purpose, Governor Pierpont, having learned the result 
of the vote on the Constitution, issued a Proclamation April 18th, 
convening that body in Extra Session, at Wheeling on the 12th 
day of May ensuing. That body assembled on the date fixed and 
on the second day of the session enacted as follows: 

CHAP. 1. — An ACT giving the consent of the Legislatnre of Virginia to the 
formation and erection of a new State within the jurisdiction of this State. 

Passed May 13, 1862. 

Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That the consent of the 
Legislatnre of Virginia be, and the same is hereby given to the formation and erec- 
tion of tlie State of West Virginia, within Ihe .inrisdiction of this State, to include the 
counties of llnncock, Brooke. Ohio. Marshall, Wetzel, Marion, Monongalia, Preston, 
Taylor. Tyler. Pleasants, Ritchie, Doddridge, Harrison, Wood, .Jackson. Wirt, Roane. 
Oaihoun, Gilmer, Barbour, Tucker. Lewis. Braxton, Upshur, Randolph, Mason, 
Putnam, Kanawha. Clay, Nicholas, Cabell, Wayne, Boone, Logan, Wyoming, Mercer, 
McDowell, Webster, Pocahontas, Fayette, Raleigh, Greenbrier, Monroe. Pendleton, 
Hardy, Hampshire and Morgan, according to the boundaries and under the pro- 
visions set forth in the Constitution for the said State of West Virginia and the 
schedule thereto annexed, proposed by the convention which assembled at Wheeling, 
on the twenty-sixth day of November, eighteen hundred and sixty-one. 



signed a petition that Samuel Young, of that county be permitted to occupy a seat 
on the floor of the Convention as the delegate from that County. That petition 
was drawn Iiy Dr. Gibson, of Pocahontas county, present contestant for a seat, and 
was signed by him. Since a short period after that time. Mr. Young has not been 
in Pocahontas County and people there knew nothing of his whereabouts. On the 
day of the recent election to fill vacancies, a number of refugees from Pocahontas, 
who were in Upshur county, to make sure of being represented in the Convention, 
and having by consultation with an attorney, ascertained that a delegate so elected, 
would probably be received, held an election at Buckhannon, and elected Dr. D. W. 
Gibson. Both these gentlemen believing themselves entitled to seats by the best 
expression that could be obtained, had come in and made application." 

Dr. Gibson was awarded the seat, while the Convention paid the mileage and 
three days per diem of Mr. Yoting. — V. A. L. 



1908] The Formation of West Virgi.nia. 197 

Section 2. Be it further enacted, That the consent of the Legislature of Vir- 
ginia be, and the same is hereby given, that the counties of Berljeley, Jefferson and 
Frederick, shall be included in and form part of the State of West Virginia when- 
ever the voters of said counties shall ratify and assent to the said Constitution. 
« • • • * 

West Virginia Admitted Into the Union. 

All eyes were now turned toward Washington City, where the 
Thirty-seventh Congress was in session. Virginia under the Re- 
stored Government had five members in that body. These were 
John S. Carlile, of Harrison county; and Waitman T. "Willey, of 
Monongalia county, in the Senate; and Kellian V. Whaley, o£ 
Wayne cunty; Jacob B. Blair, of Wood county, and William G. 
Brown, of Preston county, in the House of Representatives. 

The Commissioners named in the Schedule, supplied with copiers 
of the ratified Constitution and certified copies of the Act of Assem- 
bly granting permission to erect a New State within the bounds of 
Virginia; and accompanied by Harrison Hagans of Preston county 
Granville Parker of Cabell county ; Daniel Polsley of Mason county, 
the latter the Lieutenant-Governor under the Restored Government ; 
and others interested in the admission of a New State, proceeded to 
Washington where they arrived on the 22d of May 1862. Three 
days thereafter. Senator Willey laid the matter before the Senate, 
which body referred it to the Committee on Territories, of which 
Benjamin F. Wade of Ohio county, was Chairman. On the 23d 
of June — nearly a month later— he reported from his Committee, 
''Senate Bill No. 365" providing for the admission of the State 
of West Virginia into the Union and for other purposes ; this was 
read a first time and passed to its second reading. On the 26th, 
it was read a second time and passed to its third reading. It had . 
been so amended that the Constitution should be referred back to 
the people of the proposed State for amendment regarding the 
gradual extinction of slavery therein; and further, that when this 
had been done and certified to the President of the United States, 
he should make proclamation thereof, and that sixty days there- 
after, the State should be admitted into the Union on an equal foot- 
ing with the other States. On the next day it was again considered. 
On July 1st, there was extended an animated debate, and this was 
renewed and continued on the 7th. On the 14th the Bill was vari- 
ously amended and passed by a vote of 23 yeas and 17 nays — a 
majority of six votes. 

The vote in the Senate on the admission of West Virginia is an 
interesting event. In 1860 there were thirty-three States represent- 
ed by sixty-six Senators. By the withdrawal of Eleven Southern 



198 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



States this number was reduced to forty-four. In 1861 it was. 
increased by the admission of two members from the new State of 
iKansas ; and by two from Virginia under the Reorganized Govern- 
ment, thus increasing the whole number to forty-eight. Let us see 
how these voted JuIa^ 14, 1862, upon the question of admitting 
West Virginia into the Union. On that day Lafayette S. Foster 
of Connecticut occupied the chair pro tern in the absence of the Vice- 
President ; Lazarus AV. Powell of Kentucky, demanded the yeas and 
nays and they were ordered. John "W. Fornej^ called the roll : 

Those voting yea were — 

Henry P>. Anthony and James F. Simmons of Rhode Island ; Daniel Clark and 
.John P. ilale of New Hampshire : .Jacob Callamar and Solomon Foot of Vermont : 
Wllliiam Pitt Fessenden and Lot M. Morrill of Maine ; Ijafayette S. Foster of Con- 
necticut ; Henry Wilson of Massachusetts ; Ira Davis of New York ; John C. Ten 
Eyck of New .Jersey ; .John Sherman and P.enjaniin F. Wade of Ohio : .Tames W. 
Grimes and James Harlan of Iowa : Timothy 6. Howe of Wisconsin : Henry S. I^ane 
of Indiana ; James II. Lane and Samuel C. Pomeroy of Kansas : Henry M. Rice and 
Morton S. Wilkinson of Minnesota ; and Waitman T. Willey of Virginia. 

A total of 23 votes. 

Those voting nay were — 

.Tames A. P>ayard and Willard Saulsbury of Delaware : Orville H. Browning and 
Lyman Trumbull of Illinois : .Tohn S. Carlile- of Virginia : Zachariah Chandler and 
Jacob M. Howard of Michigan ; Anthony Kennedy of Maryland ; Preston King of 
New York; Edgar Cowan of Pennsylvania; Oarrett Davis and Lazarus W. Powell 
of Kentucky : James A. ^IcDougal of California ; Benjamin Stark of Oregon : Charles 
Sumner of Massachusetts ; Robert Wilson of Missouri; and Joseph A. Wright of 
Indiana. 

A total of 17 votes.. 

Tliose not voting were — 

James Dixon of Connecticut ; John R. Thompson of New Jersey : David Wilmot 
of Pennsylvania : James A. Pearce of Maryland : James W. Nesmith of Oregon ; 
Milton S. Latham of California ; John B. Henderson pi Missouri ; and James R. 
Doolittle of Wisconsin. 

A total of 8 votes. 

Tlius it is seen that the Senators from Rhode Island, Vermont, 
Maine, Ohio, Kansas, Iowa, and Minnesota voted for the Bill; 
while those from Kentucky, Illinois, and Michigan, voted against;. 
and those from New York, Massachusetts, Indiana and Virginia 
were divided. The most earnest friends of the Bill in the Senate 
were Willey, Wade, Collamar, Hale, Fessenden, Ten Eyck, Pomeroy,. 
Lane of Kansas, and Wilkinson. The most active in their opposi- 
tion WTre Carlile, Bayard, Trimibull, Wilson and Sumner. 

On the 15th day of July, but one day after the final vote in the 
Senate, William Hickey, chief clerk of that body, appeared at the 
bar of the House of Representatives and informed it that the 
Senate had passed Senate Bill No. 365, entitled "An Act for tlu; 
Admission of West Virginia into the Union, and for other pur- 
poses," and stated that he was directed to ask the concurrence of 
the House therein 



]90S| The FoRiiAxiox of Wkst Vik^inia. 199 



On the next day the Bill came up for consideration, and was 
read a first and second time. Then John A. Bingham, of Ohio, 
demanded the previous question on its passage, Joseph E. Segar 
objected to its third reading, and moved to lay it on tiie table. 
Justin S. Morrill, of Vermont, asked him to Avithdraw the motion 
that another might be made to postpone further consideration oC 
the Bill until the following December. The Six'aker declared any 
motion out of order pending a call for the previous question. The 
House refused by a vote of 70 nays to 4-i yeas to lay on the table. 
Then Roscoe Conkling, of New York, moved that further considera- 
tion of the Bill be postponed until the second Tuesday in December 
next, and on that motion demanded the previous question. Jacob 
Beeson Blair, of Parkersburg, Virgin!;), asked him to withdraw 
the demand for the previous question, but this was declined. Blair 
then declared that if this motion prevailed it would be equivalent 
to killing the Bill. John A. Bingham then demanded the yeas and 
nays, and this was sustained ; and the motion to postpone was adopt- 
ed by a vote of 63 yeas and 53 nays — a majority of ten. On the 
next day the second session of the Thirty-seventh Congress closed; 
the proposed new State of West A^irginia had not been admitted 
to the Union, and there was great discouragement on the part of 
its friends. It was evident that the great battle was yet to be 
fought. 

THE THIRD SESSION. 

^Months came and went — August. September, October, November— 
and then on Monday, December 1, 1862, the Thirty-seventh Con- 
gress assembled in its third session. At noon on Tuesday, the 9tli 
ensuing, John A. Bingham obtained the floor and demanded the 
regular order of business. "The regular order of business," said 
the Speaker, "is the consideration of Senate Bill No. 363, providing 
for the admission of West Virginia into the Union, which Avas 
postponed at the last session to this day." Bingham asked that it 
be put upon its passage, as it was important, as he said, that "it 
be passed at this time." Martin F. Conway, of Kansas, spoke 
against the Bill. Then began discussion and argument such as is 
without a parallel in the wlioh^ liistory of State admission in Con- 
gress. For two days there were many speeches, jjro and con, all 
resplendent Avith rhetorical flourish and literary excellence. So 
many were there that the reports thereof cover manj^ pages of the 
"Congressional Globe,"' in Avhieh they were printed. On Wednes- 
day, the 10th, debate Avas closed by order of the House, and at two 



200 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

o'clock on that day the Speaker said: "The question recurs upon 
the third reading of the Bill.'' The Bill was ordered to its third 
reading, and it was accordingly read a third time. Charles A. 
Wickliffe, of Kentucky, then called for the yeas and nays upon the 
passage of the Bill, and the call was sustained. The roll was 
called, and the Bill was passed by a vote of 96 yeas to 55 nays — 
a majority of forty-one. 

The vote in the House of Representatives when the final and 
greatest struggle was fought and won for the admission of the 
State, is of great interest to every West Virginian. One hundred 
and fifty-one votes were recorded. 

Those voting yea were — 

Cyrus Aldrich and William Windom of Minnesota ; Isaac N. Arnold, William 
Kellogg, Owen Lovejoy and Elihu 15. Washburn of Illinois: Elijah Babbitt, Samuel 
S. Blair, James H. Campbell, John Covode. William M. Davis, James T. Hale, John 
Hickman, William D. Kelley, John W. Killinger, William E. I.ehman. Robert Mc- 
Knight, Edward McPherson, James K. Moorehoad. John Fatten, Thaddeus Stevens 
and John P. Verree of Pennsylvania : William P. Sheffield of Rhode Island ; Stephen 
Baker, Jacob I'. Chamberlain, Ambrose W. Clark, Frederick A. Conkling, R. Hol- 
land Duell, Alfred Ely, Reuben E. Fenton, Richard Franchot, Augustus Frank, Ed- 
ward Haight, William E. Lansing, Abram B. Olin, Theodore M. Pomeroy, Charles 
B. Sedwick, Socrates N. Sherman, Eldridge G. Spaulding, Burt Van Horn, Robert 
B. Van. Valkenburg, Charles H. Van Wyck and William Wall, of New York ; Portus 
Baxter and .Tustin S. Morrill of Vermont; Fernando C. Beaman, Frances W. Kellogg 
and Rowland E. Trowbridge of Michigan ; John A Bingham, Harrison G. Blake, 
William P. Cutler, Sidney Edgerton. .lohn A. Gurley. Richard A. Harrison, Valentino 

B. Horton, .John Hutchiiis, Albert G. Riddle, Samnel Shellabarger, Carey A. Trimble 
and Samuel T. Worcester of Ohio: Jacob Beeson Blair, Kellian V. Whaloy and Wil- 
liam Guy Brown of Virginia; Alford A. Burnhara and Dwight Ijoomis of Con- 
necticut; Andrew J. Clem'euts and Horace Maynard of Tennessee; Schuyler Colfax, 
William McKee Dunn, George W. Julian, William Mitchell. Albert G. Porter, .John 
P. C. Shanks and Albert S. White of Indiana ; Thomas M. Edwards and Edward H. 
Rollins of New Hampshire ; Thomas D. Elliott, Samuel Hooper and Amasa Walker 
of Massachusetts ; Samuel L. Casey of Kentucky ; Samuel C. Fessenden, Thomas A. 
D. Fessenden, John N. Goodwin. Anson P. Morrill, Frederick A. Pike and John H. 
Rice of Maine ; Frederick F. Low, Timothy G. Phelps and Aaron A. Sargent of Cali- 
fornia ; John T. Nixon and John L. N. Stratten of New Jersey ; John W. Noell of 
Missouri ; John F. Potter and A. Scott Sloan of Wisconsin ; and James F. Wilson of 
Iowa — in all ninety-six votes. 

Those voting 7iay were — 

William Allen, James M. Ashbey, Samuel S. Cox, James R. Morris, Warren P. 
Noble, George II. Pendleton, Clement L. Vallandigham and Chilton A. White of 
Ohio : John B. Alley, Charles Delano, Daniel W. Gooch, Alexander H. Rice, Benja- 
min F. Thomas and Charles R. Train of Massachusetts ; Sydenham E. Aucona, 
Joseph Bailev, Charles J. Biddle, Philip .Johnson, John D. Stiles and Ilendrick B. 
Wright of Pennsvlvania ; George T. Cobb and William G. Steele of New Jersey ; 
Roscoe Conkling. Isaac C. Delaplain, Alexander S. Diven. James E. Kerrigan, Moses 
F. Odell, Edward H. Smith, John B. Steele and Elijah Ward of New York ; Martin 
F. Conway of Kansas: James A. Cravens. William S. Ilollman. John Law and 
Daniel W. Voorhees of Indiana ; John W. Crisfield and Francis Thomas of Maryland ; 
John J. Crittenden, George W. Dunlap, Henry H. Wadsworth, Aaron Harding, Rob- 
ert Mallory. John W. Menzies, William II. Wadsworth. Charles A. Wickliffe and 
George H. Y'eaman of Kehtucky ; .lames E English of Connecticut ; Bradley F. 
Granger of Michigan ; William A. Hall, Elijah II. Norton, Thomas L. Price and 
James S. Rollins of Missouri; Anthony L. Knapp, William A. Richardson and James 

C. Robinson of llinois ; Joseph E. eegar of Virginia ; and George K. Shell of Oregon, 
■ — in all fifty-five votes. 

The analysis of this vote presents some interesting facts. The 
representatives from Maine, six in number, voted solidly to admit 
West Virginia into the Union ; in Illinois there were four votes for 



1908] The Fokmation of West Virgixia. 20x 

it and three against it; Pennsylvania cast sixteen for and six 
against ; New York, twenty for and eight against ; Ohio, twelve for 
and eight against; Indiana, seven for and five against; Mass- 
achusetts, five for and six against; Missouri, one for and four 
-against ; while New Jersey divided equally — two yeas and two nays. 
Thus it was that on the tenth day of December, 1SG2 was com- 
pleted the legislative action necessary to the admission of West Vir- 
ginia into the Union. On the 11th, Emerson Ethridge, of Tenn- 
essee, Clerk of the House of Represenfatives, informed the Senate 
that the House had passed Senate Bill No. 365, providing for the 
admission of the State of West Virginia into the Union. December 
15th, George T. Cobb, of New Jersey, from the Committee on En- 
rolled Bills, reported that it had found truly enrolled, '*An Aet 
(S. B. No. 365) for the admission of West Virginia into the Union." 
December 16th, another message by Mr. Ethridge informed the 
Senate that the Speaker of the House had signed Senate Bill No. 
365, providing for the admission of West Virginia, and that he was 
directed to bring it to the Senate for the signature of its President. 
Thereupon the Vice-President signed the Bill, and it was delivered 
to the proper committee to be presented to the President of the 
United States. On the 23rd ensuing, Orville H. Browning, of Illi- 
nois, reported from this committee that it had that day presented 
to the President of the United States the Enrolled Bill (S. No. 365) 
for the admission of West Virginia into the Union. On the 5th 
of January, 1863, a message from the President of the United 
States, by his Secretary, John G-. Nicholay, informed the Senate 
that he had on the 31st of December, 1862, signed and approved 
an Act (S. No. 365) for the Admission of the State of West Vir- 
ginia into the Union, and for other Purposes. 

Reassembling of the Constitutional Conven'tion : — Again the 
Constitutional Convention assembled, February 12, 1863, for the 
purpose of making the changes in the Constitution regarding slav- 
ery. The resignation of John Hall, its President, was received, 
accepted, and Abram D. Soper of Tyler County, was elected to fill 
the vacancy. The session continued eight days, when having made 
the necessary changes in the Constitution, the body adjourned sine, 
die, February 20, 1863. The Constitution, as amended, was submit- 
ted to a vote of the pople, March 26th ensuing and the result was 
a.s follows : — 



202 



Archives and History. 



[W. V.u 



VOTE ON THE AMENDED CONSTITUTION. 



Barbour 

Boone 

Braxton 

Brooke , 

Cabell 

Calhoun* 

Clay 

Doddridge 

Fayette 

Gilmer 

Greenbrier* 

Hampshire 

Hancock 

Hardy 

Harrison 1 

Jackson 

Kanawha t 

Lewis 

Logan* 

Marion 

Marshall I 

Mason 1 

McDowell* 

Mercer* 

Monongalia 1 

Monroe 

Morgan 

Nicholas 

Ohio 1 

Pendleton 

Pleasants 

Pocahontas* 

Preston 1 

Putnam 

Raleigh 



For. Against. 
471 



0( 

120 

448 
100 

04 
463 

30 
383 



373 
76 
,074 
499 
,050 
596 

965 

,430 
,112 



415 

362 
155 
850 
181 
253 

737 
275 



10 

4 

3 

56 



For. Aga 

liandolph 167 

Ritchie 753 

Roane 159 

Tayjor 639 



Tucker 45 

Tyler V3S 

Upshur 742 

Wayne 85 

Webster* 

Wetzel 275 

Wirt ISO 

Wood 1,222 

Wyoming 



Vote in 38 counties, as 

above stated 20,622 

Soldiers" votes taken with- 
in West Virginia 6,007 



inst. 
la 



12: 

1 



440- 
94 

534 

3i3 



Total votes taken within 

West Virginia 26,632 

Soldiers' votes taken out 
of West Virginia 1,689 

Whole amount of votes, 
duly taken and re- 
tnrnod 28,321 



Rejected Votes, viz : 

Soldiers 379 None against 

Citizens 43 None against 

422 



Thi.s result, together with copies of the amended Constitution, 
as ratified by the people was certified, April 16th to President Lin- 
coln by Hon. Abram D. Soper. President of the Convention; and 
Daniel Lamb, James W. Paxton, Peter G. Van Winkle, Ephraim 
B. Hall and Elbert H. Caldwell, the Conunittee of that body, a^ 
named in the Schedule and on the 20th of April, he issued a Procla- 
mation declaring that sixty days thereafter — June 20, 1863 — the 
State of "West Virginia, should be admitted into the Union on aiR 
equal footing \d\\\ the other States. 



•^?so returns received at date of tabulation. 



APPENDIX VI. 



COUNTIES OF WEST VIRGINIA AS THEY EXISTED IN 

1861, WITH THEIR TOTAL REPRESENTATION 

IN THE MAKING OF THE STATE. 



The First Convention of the people of Northwestern Virginia 
which assembled at Wheeling May 13, 1861, and the Second one 
which convened at the same place June 11, 1861, are popularly- 
known as the First and Second Wheeling Conventions, respectively. 
The men composing these bodies, together with those who were 
members of the Constitutional Convention which assembled Novem- 
ber 26, 1861, and which framed the first Constitution of the State, 
were the men who made West Virginia. Their names have been 
given in connection with the Conventions of which they were mem- 
bers; but the following classification or grouping by counties exhi- 
bits at one view the representation each county had in the making 
of the State. It will be remembered that the membership of the 
Second Wheeling Convention Avas composed of members of the 
General Assembly who had been elected on the 23d of May 1861, 
together with delegates appointed by the several counties, as mem- 
bers of the Convention only. 

ALEXANDRIA COUNTY.* 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention, May 13, 1861: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention, June 11, 1861: — 
Henry S. Martin and James T. Close.t delegates. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention, 'Novem'bcr 26, 1861. — 
No representation. 



♦Note — The counties of Alexandria. Fairfax, Frederick, Accomac and Northamr)- 
ton, the last two on the eastern shore of Virginia, were not, of course, included in 
West Virginia, hut their representatives, by their participation in the actions of 
the First and Second Wheeling Conventions, and as members of the General Assem- 
bly, at Ihat time, did much to aid in reorganizing the Restored Government and In 
the formation of the New State. — V. A. L. 

t.Tames T. Close was afterward Colonel of the Seventeenth Regiment West 
Virginia Infantry, 



204 Abchives and Histoev. [W. Va. 

babboue county. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

E. H. Menafee, Spencer Dayton, and John H. Shuttleworth. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Nathan H. Taft and D. M. Myers, member of House of Delegates, and 
John H. Stuttleworth and Spencer Dayton, delegates. 

3. In both Wheeling Conventions : — 
Spencer Dayton and John H. Shuttleworth, 

4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Emmett J. O'Brien. 

BEEKELET COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

A. R. McQuilkin, John W. Dailey and J. S. Bowers. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
No representation. 

BOONE COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Robert Hager. 

BRAXTON COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Gustavus P. Taylor. 

BROOKE COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Adam Kuhn, David Hervey, Campbell Tarr, Nathaniel Wells, J. R. Bur- 
goine, James Archer, Jesse Edgington, R. L. Jones, James A. Camp- 
bell, Robert C. Nicholls, Joseph Gist, John G. Jacob, Eli Green, John 
D. Nicholls, Bazaleel* "Wells, and Montgomerj' Walker. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Joseph Gist, senator, and H. W. Crothers, member of House of Delegates, 
and John D. Nicholls, and Campbell Tarr, delegates. 
Z.In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Joseph Gist, John D. Nicholls and Campbell Tarr. 
A. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

James Hervey. 



"Thp "InteHig'encpr" has it Rasl. 



1908] County Repbesentation in Making West Vieginia. 205 



CABELL COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Harrison County Delegates, acted as alternates. Instructed to do so by 
Cabell County Convention. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — 
Albert Laidley, member of House of Delegates, 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Granville Parker. 

CALHOUN COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
J. Robinson. 

CLAY COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Benjamin L. Stephenson. 

DODDRIDGE COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

J. Cheveront, S. S. Kenney, J. Smith, James A. Foley, and J. P. F. Ran- 
dolph. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Chapman J. Stuart, Senator, William J. Boreman, member of House of 
Delegates, Dodridge-Tyler District, Daniel D .Johnson of Tyler county, 
and James A. Foley, of Doddridge county, delegates. 

3. 7n "both Wheeling Conventions: — 
James A. Foley. 

4.171 the Constitutional Convention: — 
Chapman J. Stua^;t. 

FAIRFAX COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

John Hawxhurst and Eben E. Mason, delegates. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
No representation. 

FAYETTE COUNTY. 



l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

No representation. 
2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — 

No representation. 



200 Arcpiives and History. [W. Va. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
James Cassady* and Edwai'd W. Ryan.* 

FREDERICK COUNTY. 

1. Ill the First Wheeling Convention: — 
George S. Senseney. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
No representation. 

GILMER COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
Henry H. Withers. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
William J. Warder. 

GREENBRIER COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — ■ 
Andrew Mann.f 

HAMPSHIRE COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Owen D. Downey, George W. Broski, Dr. B. B. Shaw, George W. Sheetz, 
and George W. Rizer. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

James R. Carskadon, senator, Owen D. Downey, James H. Trout, James 
J. Baracks, and George W. Broski, delegates. 
Z. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Owen D. Downey and George W. Broski. 
4.171 the Constitutional Convention: — 

Thomas R. Carskadon. 

HANCOCK COUNTY. 

1. 7n the First Wheeling Convention: — - 

George McC. Porter, W. L. Crawford, Louis R. Smith, J. C. Crawford, B. 
J. Smith, Thomas Anderson, William B. Freeman, W. C. Murray, J. L. 
Freeman, John Gardner, George Johnston, J. S. Porter, James Steven- 
son, J. S. Pomeroy, R. Brereman, David Donahoo, D. S. Nicholson, 
Thayer Melvin, Ewing Turner, James H. Pugh, H. Farnsworth, James 
G. Marshall, Samuel Freeman, John Mahan, David Jenkins, Wil- 
liam Hewitt. William Brown, A. Moore, D. C. Pugh, Jonathan Allison, 
John H. Atkinson and Joseph W. Allison. 



*Cassady resigned February 1, 1862, and on the 4th day of February 1862, E. 
W. Ryan was admitted to a seat to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation 
of Cassady. Cassady had been admitted to a .seat November 26, 1861. (See 
'.Tournnl of the Co'^vention." P. 7.) 

t\Yas a'imittPd to a seat February 14th, 1863, at "Called Session," — See "In- 
telligencer" February 16, 1863. 



190S] CorxTY Represextatiox ix Making West Virgixia.' 207 

2. 7?j. the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

George McC. Porter, member of House of Delegates, John H. Atkinson 
and William L. Crawford, delegates. 
o.In both Wheeling Conventions : — 

George McC. Porter, John H. Atkinson, and William L. Crawford. 
4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

Joseph S. Pomeroy. 

HAEDY COUXTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Co7ivention:— 
- No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
John Michael, delegate. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Abijah Dolly. 

IIARRISOX COUXTY. 

1. 7u the First Wheeling Convention: — 

John S. Carlile, Thomas L. Moore, John J. Davis, Solomon S. Fleming, 
Felix S. Sturm, James Lynch, William E. Lyon, Lot Bowen, Dr. Dun- 
can, Waldo P. Goff and Benjamin F. Shuttleworth. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

John J. Davis, John C. Vance, members of the House of Delegates, 
John S. Carlile, Solomon S. Fleming, Lot Bowen, Charles S. Lewis, 
and Benjamin F. Shuttleworth, delegates. 
o.In both Wheeling Conventions : — 

John J. Davis, John S. Carlile, Lot Bowen, Solomon S. Fleming, and 
Benjamin F. Shuttleworth. 

4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Thomas W. Harrison and John M. Powell. 

JACKSOX COTJXTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Andrew Flesher, David Woodruff, C. M. Rice, George Leonard, James F. 
Scott, G. L. Kennedy, and J. V. Rowley. 
2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Daniel Frost, member of the House of Delegates, James F. Scott, and 
Andrew Flesher, delegates. 
2. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Andrew Flesher and James F. Scott. 
4. In the Constitutional Convention: — ■ 

E. S. Mahan. 

JEFFERSOX COUXTY. 

1.171 the First WheeliJig Convention : — 
No representation. 

2. /« the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
George Koontz. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
No representation. 



208 Aechives and History. [W. Va^ 



KANAWHA COUNTY, 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Lewis Ruffner, member of House of Delegates, and Greenbury Slack,. 
Delegate. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
James H. Brown,* and Lewis Ruffner. 

LEWIS COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Alexander Scott Witliers,t J. W. Hudson, Perry M. Hale, J. Woofter, W. 
L. Grant, James A. J. Lightburn, and T. M. Chalfant. 
2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Blackwell Jackson, senator. Perry M. Hale and James A. J. Lightburn, 
delegates. 
?,.In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Perry M. Hale, and J. A. J. Lightburn. 
A. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

Robert Irvine. 

LOGAN COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Benjamin H. Smith.t (an alternate.) 

MARION COUNTY. 

1 . In the First Wheeling Convention : — 

R. R. Brown, Jacob C. Beeson, Isaac Holman, Thomas H. Barnes, Hi- 
ram Haymond, Harvey Merrifield, Joshua Carter, George W. Jolliffe, 
John Chisler, Thomas Hough, William Beatty, James C. Beatty, Aaron 
Hawkins, Jacob Sturm, Francis H. Pierpont, and Jesse Shaw. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Richard Fast and Fountain Smith, members of House of Delegates, and 

Francis H. Pierpont, John S. Barns, Ephraim B. Hall, A. F. Ritchie, 
and James O. Watson, delegates. 
3 In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Francis H. Pierpont. 
A. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

Ephraim B. Hall and Hiram Haymond.§ 

♦Brown resigned the last day of the Regnlar Session, February 18, 1862, was 
reelected and seated in the Second or Called Session. 

tThe author of "Chronicles of Border Warfare," published at Clarksburg, West 
Virginia, in 18.31. 

±Was admitted to a seat .January 8. 1862. See 'Journal of the Convention 

SResigned. Moses Ticheneal elected to fill vacancy caused thereby. See "In- 
telligencer" for February 13th, 1863. 




Hox. Campbell Tarr. 

First Treasurer of the State of West Virginia. 

(See Biographical Sketch, p. 221.) 



1908] County Representation in Making West Virginia. 209 

marshall county. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
John H. Dickey, John Parkinson, W. Alexander, John Laughlin, W. T. 
Head, J. S. Parriott, William J. Purdy, H. C. Kemple, Joseph Turner, 
Hiram McMechen, E. H. Caldwell, James Garvin, L. Gardner, H. A. 
Francis, Thomas Dowler, John R. Morrow, William Wasson, Nat. Wil- 
son, Thomas Morgan, S. Dorsey, Jr., R. B. Himtei', J. W. Carriher, 
J. B. Morris, R. C. Holliday, William Collins, W. R. Kimmons, G. W. 
Evans, William McFarland, J. Hornbrook, John Reynolds, Remem- 
brance Swan, J. B. Hornbrook, James Campbell, F. Clement, J. 
Winders, William Baird, Dr. Marshman, William Luke, J. Garvin, S. 
Ingram, William Phillips, Jr., A. Francis, Thomas Wilson, Lot Enix, 
G. Hubbs, John Wilson, John Ritchie, J. W. Bonar, J. Alley, S. B. 
Stidger, Asa Browning, Samuel Wilson, J. McCondell, A. Bonar, D. 
Price, G. W. Evans, D. Roberts, Thomas Dowler, R. Alexander, E. 
Conner, Charles Snediker, John Winters, Nathan Fish, V. P. Gorby, 
Alfi-ed Gaines, J. S. Riggs, Alexander Kemple, Joseph McCombs, and 
Thomas Morris and George Hubbs — 71 in all.* 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
Remembrance Swan, member of House of Delegates, and E. H. Caldwell 
and Robert Morris, delegates. 

Z.In hoth Wheeling Conventions : — 
Remembrance Swan. 

i. In the Constitutional Convention: — ■ 
E. H. Caldwell and Thomas H. Trainer. 

MASON COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — • 

Joseph S. Machir, Lemuel Harpold, William E. Wetzel, John Godley, 
Wyatt Willis, William Wiley Harper, William Harpold, Daniel Pols- 
ley, Samuel Davies, J. N. Jones, Samuel Yeager, R. C. M. Lovell, Bar- 
ney J. Rollins, David C. Sayre, Charles H. Bumgardner, John O. But- 
ler, Timothy Russell, John Hall, A. A. Rogers, William Hopkins, Eu- 
gene B. Davis, David Rossin, Asa Brigham, Charles B. Waggener, 
John M. Phelps, Stephen Comstock, W. C. Starr, John Greer, Apollo 
Stephens, Maojr Brown and John J. Weaver. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Lewis Wetzel, member House of Delegates, and Charles B. Waggener, 
James Smith and Daniel Polsley, delegates. 

3. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 
Daniel Polsley and Charles B. Waggener. 

4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
John Hall.t 



♦Marshall county had largest representation iu the Convention. 

tllall was President ; he resigned at the beginning of Called Session, February 
12, 18C3, and Dr. Samuel T. Griffith of West Columbia, Mason County, was elected 
to 'fill vacancy. See "Intolligencev" February 14, 1863. 



210 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

mercer county. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Richard M. Cook.* 

MONONGALIA COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Waitman T. Willey, Leroy Kramer, William A. Hanaway, William 
Lazier, Elisha Coombs, George McNeeley, H. Bering, Dr. H. N. Mack- 
ey, James T. M. Laskey, James T. Hess, Charles H. Burgess, John 
Bly, William Price, Dr. A. Brown, Dr.. J. V. Boughner, D. P. Fitch, 
B. B. Taggart, Alpheus Garrison, Dr. John McCarl, J. A. Wiley, Joseph- 
Snyder, Joel Bowlesby, A. Derranet, N. C. Vandervort, Daniel White, 
Dr. D. B. Dorsey, Jacob Miller, Dr. Isaac Scott, Marshall M. Dent, 
Rev. Peter T. Laishley, E. P. St. Clair, W. B. Shaw, Joseph Jolliffe. 
William Anderson, Evans D. Fogle, P. L. Rice, and James Evans, and 
Amos S. Bowlsby. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

LeRoy Kramer and Joseph Snyder, members House of Delegates, and 
Ralph L. Berkshire, William Price, James Evans, and Dr. D. B. Dor- 
sey, delegates. 
Z. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

LeRoy Kramer, Joseph Snyder, William Price, James Evans, Dr. D. B. 
Dorsey. 

4. In the Constitutional Convention: — • 
Waitman T. Willey ,and Henry Dering. 

MONROE COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — ■ 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention : — 
No representation. 

MORGAN COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention : — 
Joseph S. Wheat. 



*Was nclmitted to a seat January 21. 1862. See "Journal of the Convention" 
p. 101. 



190S] County Representation in Making West Virginia. 211 

MCDOWELL COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
J. P. Hoback. 

NICHOLAS COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. 7» the Constitutional Convention: — 
John R. McCutchen. 

OHIO COUNTY. 

1. Tn the First Wheeling Convention: — 

L. S. Dellaplain, J. R. Steifel,* Gibson Lamb Cranmer, Alfred Cald- 
well, John McClure, Jr., Andrew Wilson, eorge Forbes, A. J. Woods,t 
Thomas H. Logan, James S. Wheat, George W. Norton, N. H. Gar- 
rison, E. Buchanan.t John Pierson.J E. McCaslin,t A. B. Caldwell.t 
John R. Hubbard.t A. F. Ross,$ William B. Curtis.J John C. Hoff- 
man,:;: J. C. Orr.i Perry Whitten,| H. Armstrong, P. Witham, John 
Steiner," Daniel Lamb, Chester D. Hubbard, S. H. Woodward, 
James W. Paxton, A. A. Handlan,§ Stephen Waterhouse, George 
T. Tingle, Jacob Hornbrook, L. D. Waitt,tt John K. Botsford, George 
Bowers, Robert Crangle, J. M. Bickle,$t James Paul, Jacob Berger,** 
A. Bedillion, Sr., and Somuel McCulloch, John Steiner. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Thomas H. Logan, and Andrew Wilson, members of House of Delegates, 
and George Harrison, Daniel Lamb, James W. Paxton, and Chester 
D. Hubbard, delegates. 

0. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Thomas Logan, Andrew Wilson, Daniel Lamb, Chester D. Hubbard. 
i.In the Constitutional Convention: — 

James AV. Paxton, Daniel Lamb, Gordon Battelle, and A. F. Ross. 

PENDLETON COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — 
No representation. 

5. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
John L. Boggs. 



*The "Intelligencer" has it J. Ij. 

tThe "Intelligenaer" has it A. P. 

JThe "Intelligencer" does not have names marked thus. 

"The "Intelligencer" has it Stover. 

§The "Intelligencer" has it Handlin. 

ttThe "Intelligencer" has it Wait. 

ttThe "Intelligencer" has it Rickell. 

**The "Intelligencer" has it Barger. 



212 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

PLEASANTS COrXTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — \ 

Friend Cochran, Robert Parker, R. A. Cramer, and James W. Willp.m- 
son. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

James W. Williamson, member House of Delegates, and C. W. Smith, 
delegate, 
o. Jn both Wheeling Conventions: — 

James W. Williamson. 
4. /n the Constitutional Convention: — 

Joseph Hubbs. 

POCAHONTAS COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention : — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Dr. D. W. Gibson. 

PRESTON COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — - 

Harrison Hagans, R. C. Crooks, W. H. King, James W. Brown, Charles 

Hooton, Summers McCrum, William B. Zinn, W. T. Brown, Reuben 

Morris, D. A. Letzinger, John Howard, G. H. Kidd, James A. Brown, 

and William P. Fortney. 
2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — • 
~ Charles Hooten and William B. Zinn, members House of Delegates, and 

William B. Crane, John Howard, Harrison Hagans, John J. Brown, 

delegates. 
Z.in both Wheeling Conventions: — 
Charles Hooton and John Howard. 

4. Jn the Constitutional Convention: — 
John J. Brown and John Dille. 

PUTNAM COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

No representation. 
2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

George C. Bowyer, member House of Delegates, and Dudley S. Mon- 
tague, delegate.* 
Z. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

Dudley S. Montague. 

RALEIGH COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 



♦Another delegate from this county qualified and took his seat August 12th 
1861, but his name has not been ascertained. — T. A. L. 



190S] Cou.xTY Represextatiox ix Making West Viegixia. 21'J 

2.I71 the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

No representation. 
Z. In the Constitutional, Convention: — 

Stephen M. Hansley. 

BA>'DOLPH COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — 

Solomon Parsons and Samuel Crane, delegates from Randolph-Tucker 
Delegate District. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Josiah Simmons. 

RITCHIE COUXTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Noah Rexroad, D. Rexroad, J. P. Harris, and A. C. Cole. 
2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

William Douglas, a delegate. 
2. In the Cofistitutional Convention: — 

Andrew J. Wilson. 

EOAXE COUXTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention : — 
Irwin C. Stump. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
T. A. Roberts. 

Z.In the Constitutional Convention: — 
H. D. Chapman. 

TAYLOR COUXTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

J. Means, J. M. Wilson, T. Kennedy, Thomas Cather, John S. Burdett, 
J. J. Allen, B. Bailey, George R. Latham, T. T. Monroe, and J. J. 
Warren. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Thomas Cather, senator, and Lemuel E. Dividson, member House of 
Delegates, and John S. Burdett and Samuel B. Todd, delegates. 
Z.In hoth Wheeling Conventions: — 

John S. Burdett. 
A. In the Constitutional Convention: — • 

Harmon Sinsel. 

TUCKER COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — 

Solomon Parsons and Samuel Crane, from Randolph-Tucker Delegate 
District. 
Z.In the Constitutional Convention: — 
James AV. Parsons. 



214 Abchives and History. [W. Va. 



TYLER COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

Daniel D. Johnson, Daniel Sweeney, V. Smith., W. B. Kerr, J. M. John- 
son, S. H. Hawkins, D. King, William Pritchard, J. C. Parker, James 
M. Smith, and Isaac Davis. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

William J. Boreman, member House of Delegates, from the Doddridge- 
Tyler Delegate District, and Daniel D. Johnson and James A. Foley, 
delegates. 

3. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 
Daniel D. Johnson. 

4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Abram D. Soper. 

UPSHUR COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
W. H. Williams, and C. P. Rohrbaugh. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

Daniel D. T. Farnsworth, member of the House of Delegates, and John 
L. Smith and John Love, delegates. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
Richard L>. Brooks. 

WAYNE COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

William W. Brumfield, C. Spurlock, F. Moore, William H. Copley, and 
Walter Queen. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention : — 

William Ratcliffe, member House of Delegates, William W. Brumfield 
and William Copley, delegates. 

3. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 
William W. Brumfield and William Copley. 

4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 
William W. Brumfield. 

WEBSTER COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 
No representation. 

3. In the Constitutional Convention : — 
No representation. 

WETZEL COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

F. E. Williams, Joseph Murphy, Elijah Morgan, William Burrows, B. T. 
Bowers, J. R. Brown. J. M. Bell, Jacob Young, Reuben Martin, R. 
Reed, Sr., Richard Cook, A. McEldowney, B. Van Camp, John Mc- 
Claskey, S. Stephens, R. W. Lauck, John Thomas McQuown, George 

. W. Bier, William D. Walker, R. S. Sayers, and John Alley. 



1908] County Representation in Making West Virginia. 213 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

James G. "West, a member of the House of Delegates, and Reuben Mar- 
tin and James P. Ferrell, delegates. 
Z.In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Reuben Martin. 
4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

R. W. Lauck. 

WIRT COUNTY. 

1. In the First Wheeling Convention : — 
Henry Newman, E. T. Graham, and B. Ball. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

James A. "Williamson, member qI the House of Delegates, and Henry 
Newman and E. T. Graham, delegates. 
Z. In both Wheeling Conventions: — 

Henry Newman and E. T. Graham. 
4. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

Benjamin F. Stewart. 

WOOD COUNTY. 

2. In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

S. L. A. Burche, John Jay Jackson, Sr., J. D. Ingram, A. Laughlin, 
"Wellington "Vroman, J. C. Rathbone, G. E. Smith, D. K. Baylor, M. 
"Woods, Andrew Alls, Joseph Dagg, Jr., N. "W. Warlow, Peter Riddle, 
John Paugh, T. E. McPherson, Thomas Leach, S. S. Spencer, E. Deem, 
N. H.^ Colson, A. Hinckley, Bennett Cook, George W. Henderson, 
George Loomis, J. L. Padgett, S. D. Compton, S. M. Peterson, G. 
H. Ralston, Y. A. Dunbar, A. R. Dye, "W. H. Baker, "William Johnson, 
Jr., Dr. Jesse Burche, S. Ogden, Sardis Cole; P. Reed, John McKib- 
ben, W. Athey, C. Hunter, R .H. Burke, "W. P. Davis, George Compton, 
C. M. Cole, Roger Tiffins, Edward Holt, "W. B. Caswell, Peter Dils, 
"W. F. Henry, A. C. McKinsey, Rufus Kinnard, John Jay Jackson, Jr., 
J. J. Neal, J. G. Blackford, Henry Cole, "W. E. Stevenson, C. J. Neal, 
T. Hunter, M. P. Amiss, J. Barnett, T. S. Conley, Jesse Murdock, J. 
Burche, J. Morrison, A. H. Hatcher, A. Mather, C. B. Smith, Arthur 
Drake, H. Rider, B. H. Bukey, John W. Moss, and R. S. Smith. 

2. In the Second Wheeling Convention: — 

John W. Moss, member of the House of Delegates, and Arthur I. Bore- 
man, and Peter G. "Van "Winkle, delegates. 

3. In both Wheeling Conventions : — 
John "W. Moss. 

i. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

Peter G. "Van "Winkle and "William Erskine Stevenson. 

WYOMING COUNTY. 

l.In the First Wheeling Convention: — 

No representation. 
2. In the Second Wheeling Convent :on: — 

No representation. 
Z. In the Constitutional Convention: — 

"William "Walker. 



APPENDIX VII. 



FIRST STATE OFFICIALS OF WEST VIRGINIA-THEIR 
NOMINATION, ELECTION AND INAUGURATION. 



Early in the year 1863, it became evident to all that West 
Virginia would be admitted into the Union, and this meant officials 
for the New State. On the evening of February 19, 1863 — the day 
before the final adjournment of the Constitutional Convention — 
a meeting was held in Wheeling for the purpose of taking the in- 
itiative in having a general convention of delegates from all th:^ 
counties to nominate candidates for State officers at the election 
soon to be held under the new Constitution. Judge Abram D. 
Soper, of Tyler county, then President of the Constitutional Con- 
vention presided, and prominent men from all over the proposal 
State M^ere present. A resolution was adopted recommending to 
the people of each of the forty-eight counties of the New State to 
appoint delegates to meet in Convention at Parkersburg, on the 
first Wednesday after *the expiration of ten days from the date of 
the proclamation by the President declaring West Virginia a State 
in the Union. 

The Uncoxditioxal Union Con\^ntion : — The people acted upon 
this recommendation, and delegates were selected accordingly, to the 
Convention to assemble at Parkersburg, May 6, 1863. Cabell 
county, at a convention at Barboursville, selected delegates thereto, 
on the 27th of INIarch ; Brooke County, April 2d ; Tyler April 3rd ; 
Braxton April 7th ; Preston April 13th ; Lewis April 13th ; Harrison 
April 13th; Pleasants April 14th; Hancock April 14th; Wetzel 
April 18tb; Barbour April 18th; Tucker April 20th; Marion April 
25th ; Hampshire April 25th : Ohio April 27th, and others following 
in rapid succession. On the 22d of April a Refugee Convention 
was held at Charleston, composed of Union men from the counties 
of ]\Ionroe, Greenbrier, Raleigh, IMercer and Wyoming. AYilliam 
Chambers of Monroe, was made Chairman, and A. G. W^illiams of 
Greenbrier, Secretary. A delegation was selected to represent each 
of these counties in the Parkersburg Convention. 



1908] First State Officials of West Virginia. 217 

At length the time arrived for the Convention, and on the evening 
of j\Iay 5th, fifty delegates thereto left Wheeling on the steamer 
"OHIO NO. 3," accompanied by a reporter for the "Intelligencer", 
and the delegates Avere from Hancock, Brooke, Ohio, Marshall, "Wet- 
zel, Tyler, Marion and Preston counties. Others joined them at 
Moundsville, New ]\Iartinsville, and Sistersville. 

Wednesday morning May 6tli the old town of Parkersburg was 
thronged with people. There was but one hotel — "Alls' Central," 
but the people opened their homes to the delegates, and all found 
entertainment. 

The Convention assembled at 3 :00 P. i\I. in the old Court House— 
a large room — but there was not standing room. Judge Chapman 
J. Stuart, of Doddridge count^^, called the Convention to order, 
and nominated James Gr. West of Wetzel for Temporary President- 
Thomas Cather of Taylor, nominated Ellery R. Hall of Marion, 
for temporary Secretary. Rev. Mr. Campbell of the Presbyterian 
church offered prayer in an impressive manner. A Committee on 
Permanent Organization was appointed, consisting of Chapman J. 
Stuart, of Doddridge; Benjamin IT. Smith, of Kanawha; Abram 
D. Soper, of Tyler; Leroy Kramer, of Monongalia; James R. Cars- 
kadon, of Hampshire; Daniel Lamb, of Ohio; Joseph B. Nay, of 
JMai'ion ; and John J. Brown of Preston. 

A Committee on Credentials was appointed as follows: — Thomas 
Cather, of Taylor ; George McC. Porter, of Hancock ; William 
Swearingen, of Marion; Chapman J. Stuart, of Doddridge; Robert 
Irvine, of Lewis ; Spicer Patrick of Kanawha ; Robert Hager, of 
Boone, and T. C. IMcCann, of Greenbrier. 

On motion of Dr. Patrick, of Kanawha, the Rules of the House of 
Delegates were adopted for the government of tli6 Convention. 
Judge Stuart of the Committee vn Pe^'manent Organization reported 
the following: 

For President — Dr. Spicer Patrick, of Kanawha county. 

For Secretary — Ellery R. Hall, of Marion county. 

For Assistant Secretary — Jacob Edgar Boyers, of Tyler county. 

Dr. Patrick was conducted to the chair, from which he made an 
eloquent address. He then substituted the name of General Lewis 
Ruffner, of Kanawha, for that of his own on the Committee on 
Credentials. 

CampbeU Tarr, of Brooke, moved the appointment of a Committee 
on Resolutions. He declined the chairmanship, and the Committer 
consisted of A. F. Ross, of Ohio cnnntv; George McC. Porter, o'' 



218 Abchives and History. [W. Va. 

Hancock Daniel Lamb, of Ohio; Benjamin H. Smith, of Kanawha; 
and William. B. Zinn, of Preston. On motion of Daniel D. T. 
Farnsworth, of Upshur, a Committee on Basis of Representation 
was appointed. It consisted of D. D. T. Farnsworth; Daniel Lamb, 
of Ohio; William B. Zinn, of Preston; George W. Bier, of Taylor; 
Chapman J. Stuart, of Doddridge ; W. P. Amiss, of Wood ; John M. 
Phelps, of Mason; Robert Hager, of Boone; and T. K. McCann, of 
Greenbrier. 

William E. Stevenson gave notice that the Methodist Episcopal 
Church had been procured for the use of the Convention and it 
adjourned to meet there at 8:00 A. M. the following day. That 
evening a great New State mass meeting was held at the Court 
House, and the speakers were Ross, of Ohio; Porter, of Hancock; 
E. M. Norton, of Ohio; and Kellian V. Whaley, of Mason. On 
Thursday morning the Convention assembled as per adjournment. 
The building was in an unfinished condition, the windows being 
partly boarded up. Immediately after reading the minutes of the 
preceding day, Mr. Harrison Hagans, of Preston, moved to ad- 
journ to Wheeling, Daniel Pack, of Ohio, moved to lay the motion 
on the table and this was done. Thomas Gather then presented 
the report of the Committee on Credentials, the following being 
the list of Delegates with counties by them represented : — 

BARBOUR — George M. Yeager, James F. Harvey and Spencer Dayton. 

BOONE— Robert Hager. 

BRAXTON— William D. Rollyson, and James G. McCoy. 

BROOKE— David Hervey, Nathaniel Wells, H. W. Cothers, William P. 
Strain, Campbell Tarr, James Archer, C. F. Scott, R. M. Wells, and 
George Hooker. 

CABELL— William H. Copley. 

CLAY — F. J. Baxter and W. King. 

DODDRIDGE — Ephriam Bee, Edwin Maxwell, Chapman J. Stuart, and 
Floyd Neely. 

GILMER— J. F. W. Holt, W. W. Warder, D. F. Steinbeck, Thomas M. 
Brannon, Mathew Holt, and John Varner. 

GREENBRIER— J. F| Caldwell, T. K. McCann, and Andrew W. Mann. 

HAMPSHIRE — James Carskadon, Thomas R. Carskadon, and John 
Hughes. 

HANCOCK — John H. Atkinson, John Gardner, James L. Freeman, Daniel 

Donahoo, and George McC. Porter. 
HARRSISON— Thomas L. Moore, and Benjamin Shuttleworth. 



1908] First State Officials of West Virginia. 21D 

JACKSON— D. J. Keeney, J. F. Scott, S. Harpold, T. A. Roberts, D. Har- 
pold, H. S. Mahan, "William Cunningham, Charles Harpold, J. A. 
Smith, C. M. Rice, D. D. Rhoades, D. Woodruff, H. R. Sherman, I. 
King, G. L. Kennedy, Cole Williamson, and E. S. Mahan. 

KANAWHA — Spicer Patrick, Lewis Ruffner, Greenbury Slack, John D. 
Young, S. Benedict, Fredrick Walker, and Benjamin H. Smith. 

LEWIS — Minter Bailey, E. M. Tunstill, Minor C. Hall, Newton B. Barnes, 
and Robert Irvine. 

MARION — Leonard Lamb, Joseph S. Morris, Peter T. Barnes, William 
Swearingen, Robert Moran, Joseph W. Cromwell, Ellery R. Hall, Wil< 
liam Conaway, John Pritchard, William Fox and Joseph B. Nay. 

MARSHALL— M. Dunn, J. W. Purdy, J. L. Parkinson, J. R. Bell, William 
McFarland, William Blake, and George Edwards. 

MASON — Lewis Bumgardner, E. M. Fitzgerald, Michael Roseberry, John 
M. Phelps, J. P. R. B. Smith, William H. Tomlinson, William E. 
Wetzel, Asa C. Brlgham, John J. Weise, and George W. Murdoch. 

MERCER— Joseph Snapp. 

MONONGALIA— Leroy Kramer. 

MONROE— William F. Chambers. 

MORGAN— Joseph S. Wheat. 

NICHOLAS— John R. McCutchen. 

OHIO — Peregrine Whitham, Thomas B. Stewart, John E. Sisson, Daniel 
Lamb, E. M. Norton, Lewis Lunsford, I. M. Pumphrey, Jacob Horn- 
brook, Alfred B. Caldwell, R. W. Hazlett, R. W. McClellan, Daniel 
Peck, J. A. Metcalf, Samuel Irvine, James Bodley, Philip Scheie, Per- 
ry Pierson, A. F. Ross, E. A. Weber, Jacob Hull, John Claytor, S. 
Louis Steifel, J. C. Hupp, N. C. Arthur, and Henry C. Flesher. 

PRESTON — William B. Zinn, Charles Hooton, John J. Brown, Harrison 
Hagans and John Howard. 

PLEASANTS — Robert Patterson, Jr., E. W. Johnston, J. W. Williamson, 
and Thomas Johnson. 

POCAHONTAS— David M. Burgess, and Samuel Young. 

PUTNAM— Charles M. Pitrat, George C. Boyer, and Dudley S. Montague. 

RALEIGH— T. K. McCann, (Alternate), 

RANDOLPH— Joseph Hart, Milton Hart, and W. J. Drummond. 

RITCHIE— Alexander Lowther, Jr., William H. Douglas, J. H. Prince, 
William Harris, J. B. Yeagei;, John Douglas, J. Malone, and A. J. 
Wilson. 

ROANE — Marcellus McWhorter, Joseph Boone and James Riddle. 

TAYLOR— Thomas Gather, L. E. Davidson, J. C. Fleming and N. B. Jones. 

TYLER— Abram D. Soper, I. T. Nicklin, V. Smith, Jacob Edgar Boyers 
Boyers, W. B. Kern, and Daniel Sweeney. 



220 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



UPSHUR^ — E. J. Colerider, John Lowe, Daniel D. T. Favnsworth, D. S. 
Pinnell, F. Berlin, S. B. Phillips, Daniel Simmer, John J. Burr, and 
Nathan H. Taft. 

WAYNE— William H. Tomlinson, (Alternate). 

WETZEL— James G. West, G. W. Bier, E. Kyle, John R. Brown, John 
Murphy and F. G. Steel. 

WIRT — Thomas A. Gilmer, Robert Perrin, John Husted, Benjamin F. 
Stewart, A. Hawley, Richard Timms, M. E. Baker, Lewis Coe, Esq. 
Petty, Esq. Buell, Samuel Thornton, J. L. Boggs, B. Hilbert, John B. 
Smith, B. F. Ball, B. Vernon, C. W. Fisher, H. S. Burns, M. L. Lock- 
hart, A. House, Lewis Rodgers, E. Beatty, M. L. Sayre, Hiram Depue, 
William McCutchen, C. Boggs, and E. S. Graham. 

WOOD— J. S. Keifer, William Beckett, L. A. Beckwith, John Flinn, H. 
Buckley, J. C. Harris, M. P. Amiss, Milan Dils, E. I'racewell, T. F. 
H. Slavogt, H. P. Dils, John A. Hutchinson, Jr., John McKibben, 
George W. Henderson, Z. Hickman, John Dixon, E. Whitlatch, Jacob 
Marshall, A. D. Reeder, William T. Cook, W. Johnston, Sr., William 
E. Stevenson and W. P. Davis. 

WYOMING — James O. Hawley, (Alternate). 

Thus the report of the Committee showed two hundred and thirty- 
five duly accredited delegates present, and representing forty coun- 
ties. 

Nomination of a State Ticket: — The basis of representation 
was determined by dividing the white population of each county 
at the last census, by the number of delegates therefrom, and each 
delegate separately, being entitled to give the vote ascertained by 
such division, to belong to him. A majority of the whole vote 
given was necessary to make a nomination. 

Nominations were declared to be in order. For the office of 
Governor, James G-. West, presented the name of Samuel Crane, 
of Randolph County ; E. M. Norton, that of Arthur I. Boreman*, of 



♦Arthur Ingram Boremnn. thf> first Governor of West Virginia, was born at 
Waynesburg, Pennsylvania. .July 24, 1S2.'?. At the age of fonr years he came with 
his parents to Tyler County, West Virginia, where he attended the school of that 
day. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1S43, In which year he located 
in Parkersbnrg, and began the practice of his profession, in which he soon rose to 
distinction. In 1855 he represented Wood County in the General Assemljly of Vir- 
ginia, and by successive elections continued in that capacity until ISGO. He became 
an ardent new State man, and was President of the Second Wlieeling Convention 
which assempled June 11, 1801, and which reorganized the Restored Government of 
Virginia and prepared the way for the formation of West Virginia. He was elected 
first Governor of West Virginia ; was inaugurated .Tune 20, 1803, and by successive 
elections served until 1809, when he was elected a member of the United States Sen- 
ate inwhich body he served six years. Thereafter he resumed the practice of law 
in Parkersburg, where he was later elected .Tudge of the Circuit Court, and served 
eight years, his term beginning January 1, 1889. He was a leader of men In the time 
in which he lived, not from the intrigues of craft and cunning, but from an innate 
and rightful sovereignty of human nature. 




Judge Jacob Edgar Boyers. 
First Secretary of State of West Virginia. 
(See Biographical Slcetch, p. 221.) 



1908] First State Officials of AVest Vikginia. 221 

Wood county ; and Benjamin H. Smith, that of Peter Gr. Van Win- 
kle of the same county. There was no choice on the first ballot ; the 
name of ]Mr. Crane was withdrawn and i\Ir. Boreman was nominated 
on the second ballot. 

For office of Secretary of State, Thomas Gather presented tha 
name of Ellery K. Hall, of Marion County; Chapman J. Stuart, 
that of Jacob Edgar Boyers,f of Tyler; Leroy Kramer, that of 
Jasper Y. ]Moore, of Clarksburg; and WiUiam Douglas, that of S. 
K. Dawson, of Ritchie, Mr. Hall declined, and ]Mr. Boyers was nomi- 
nated on first ballot. 

For the Treasurer, Daniel Lamb named Campbell Tarr,ff of 
Brooke county, and there being no other name presented, he was 
nomination by acclamation. 

For the office of Auditor of State, E. 31. Norton named Samuel 
Crane,:}: of Randolph; H. W. Crothers presented that of John J. 
Brown of Preston ; a delegate named Thomas L. ]Moore of Harrison, 

tJacob Edgar Boyers, the first Secretary of State, was born on the banks 
of the Monongahela river, in Monongalia county, West Virginia. February 0. 1832. 
His father was .Tosiah, a son of Jacob Boyers of Culpeper county. Virginia ; his 
mother. Susannah M. was a daughter of .Jacob Pindall an able member of Congress 
from Clarksburg. She died when the subject of this notice was but nine days old. 
AVhen three years of age. his father removed to a farm two miles from iliddle- 
boume in Tyler county, West Virginia, and here the boy grew to manhood. He at- 
tended tJie old Northwestern Virginia Academy at Clarksburg ; where his teachers 
were the distinguished (Jordon B.-Tttelle and Alexander Martin, the latter the first 
President of the University of West Virginia. In 1.S.54-.5.5 he attended Allegheny 
College at Meadville, Pennsylvania. He was admitted to the bar in Middlebourn'e 
in the latter year. In 1860-1-2-.3 he was the editor of the Tirqinia Plaindealer, 
published nt Middlebourne. In 186.3. he was nominated at the "I'arkersburg Union 
Convention" for the ofiice of Secretary of State : was tlie youngest of the eight 
nominees of that Convention and is now the last survivor. ' In 1864. he was ap- 
pointed a brigadier-general by Governor Pierpont. After the formation of West 
Virginia he served three times as County Superintendent of Free Schools of Tyler 
County. In 1879. he removed to Mentor, Campbell county, Kentucky, where he' en- 
gaged in the practice of law and where he now resides. In 1861. he wedded Landora 
Fitz-Allen, a daughter of William Swan of Middlebourne. and the issue was one son, 
now engaged in business in Marietta, Ohio. 
p. 75.) 

ttThe Tarr family is of Prussian origin. Peter Tarr. the American emigrant 
ancestor, came to Pennsylvania near tlie close of tlie Revolutionary War : about 
the year 1800, he removed and settled on King's Creek, then in Brooke, but now 
Hancock county. West Virginia, where he established tlie first iron smelting estab- 
lishment west of the Alleghenies. His eldest son, William, wedded Mary, a daugh- 
ter of .Tames Perry, veteran of the Revolution, and engaged in business, in Wells- 
burg. Brooke county ; where on .January S. 1810, Campbell, the subject of this sketch 
was bom. He received his early training from his mother, who was an educated, 
cultured lady, and obtained his business experience in the mercantile house of 
his father. ' A student of books, men and environment, he became a leader of pub- 
lic opinion, and when the crisis of 1860 came the voters of Brooke county, elected 
him to represent them in tlie Convention at Richmond in 1861, in which he opposed 
and voted against the Ordinance of Secession. He served two years as Treasurer 
of the Commonwealth, under the Restored Government, and was then elected the 
Treasurer of the new State of West Virginia. In 186.5 he returned to private life, 
on his farm near Wellsburg, where he died, December 22, 1870, leaving issue five 
children — one son and four daughters. 



:i;i?amuel Crane, the first Auditor under the Restored Government, and the 
first one to fill that office in West Virginia, was born at Richmond Virginia : when 
but a boy he came to Tucker county where he grew to manhood. He married 
a lady from near Riclimond, and removed to Beverley, Randolph county, where he 
practiced law until the beginning of the Civil War. when he became an active New 
State man : and as such, represented the Randolph-Tucker District in the Second 
Wheeling Convention. While a member of this body he was elected, July 9, 1861, 



222 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

but he declined and Mr. Crane was nominated almost unanimously. 

For the office of Attorney General, George McC. Porter presented 
the name of Aquila Bolton Caldwell^t of Wheeling; and Chapman 
J. Stuart that of Edwin Maxwell of Doddridge. Mr. Caldwell was 
nominated. 

Next in order was the nomination of three Judges to compose the 
Supreme Court of Appeals. Daniel Peck presented the name of 
Benjamin H. Smith, of Kanawha; William H. Douglas that of 
Eobert Kercheval, of Ritchie; E. M. Fitzgerald that of James H. 
Brown, of Kanawha ; William B. Zinn that of William G. Brown ol: 
Preston ; Leroy Kramer that of Ralph L. Berkshire, of Monongalia ; 
Loyd Moore that of William A. Harrison of Clarksburg ; and Camp- 
bell Tarr that of Peter G. Van Winkle of Parkersburg. A vote was 
taken and Berkshire, Harrison and Brown of Kanawha, were found 
to be nominated. 

Thus was nominated the first State ticket in West Virginia. Ail 
nominations were made unanimous. Of the nominees, four — Bore- 
man, Berkshire, Harrison and Caldwell — had been Whigs; and 
four — Boyer, Crane, Tarr, and Brown— had been Democrats; now 
all alike were loyal New State Men, working for its success and the 
preservation of the Union. An Executive Committee with power ic 
fill vacancies on the ticket should any occur, was appointed. It 
consisted of Benjamin H. Smith, of Kanawha, as Chairman, William 
E. Stevenson of Wood ; and Chapman J. Stuart of Doddridge. On 
motion of William E. Stevenson the loyal papers of the State were 
requested to publish the proceedings, and then the Convention — the 
first nominating State C'onvention that ever assembled in West 
Virginia — adjourned sine die. The delegations going up the Ohio 
left Parkersburg at 5 :00 P. M. on the steamer "Eagle", to Marietta, 



Auditor of Virginia under the Restored Government. It is to his official report 
that we are indebted for much of our Icnowledge of the financial history of that 
time. He was prominently mentioned in connection with the nomination for first 
Governor, but that honor went to Arthur I. Boreman. and he was nominated and 
elected as the first Auditor of West Virginia. His wife died in Wheeling in 1863, 
and in 186fi, he removed to Missouri to assume the management of the family and 
property of a deceased brother. Soon after he entered the ministry of .the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, in which be continued until his death, which resulted from 
exposure to inclement weather while conducting revival exercises. His only child 
was a daughter who wedded .Tames Shriver of Wheeling. Soon after she died, leav- 
ing a little son, that was killed under a street car in that city. 



IIAquila Bolton Caldwell was a representative of one of the oldest and most 
influential families of the Northern Pan-Handle. His Grandfather, .Tames Caldwell, 
settled in the vicinity of Wheeling in 1777 — the darkest of the Revolution — and his 
father, Joseph, born that year, was a soldier in the War of 1812, and long Presi- 
dent of the Exchange Bank of Wheeling. He wedded May Tarnall of Winchester, 
Virginia, and had issue ten children, one of whom was Aquila B., the subject of this 
sketch. He was educated for the law ; rose rapidly in its practice. He wedded 
Matilda Newman of the Pan-Handle. He made an excellent Attorney-General and 
an efficient member of the Board of Public Works. He was Attorney-General again 
in 1869-70. 



1908] 



First State Officials of West Virginia. 



22;'. 



where they were transferred to the "Iowa". From ^Marietta the 
correspondent of the Wheeling Intelligencer, who had been in at- 
tendance at the Convention, sent a telegram to his paper, giving tho 
names of the nominees, and a few minutes thereafter, an extra edi- 
tion informed the people of Wheeling of the result of the work of 
the Convention. 

On the 12th of May ensuing, Daniel Lamb, James W.. Paxton, 
Peter G. Van Winkle, E. H. Caldwell, and E. B. Hall, the Execu- 
tive Committee, of the Constitutional Convention, issued a Proclama- 
tion declaring May 28th as the date upon which an election for the 
choice of State officials should take place. Accordingly polls were 
opened throughout the State, with the following results: — 

OFFICIAL RETURNS OF THE VOTE FOR OFFICERS OF THE STATE OF WEST 
VIRGINIA, SO FAR AS RECEIVED, .TUNE 12, 1863. 



Counties 









IQ* 



■^ & 



&,a2 



5« 



o a 









--. o 

55 . 



fl 
■?^ 



Barbour 770 

Boone 102 

Braxton 212 

Brooke 678 

Doddridge 742 

fiilnif-r 289 

Hampshire 1.3.5 

Hancocli 418 

Hardy f)l 

Harrison 20.S7 

.Jackson .5.^4 

Kanawha 6.5.5 

Lewis 1184 

Marion 1428 

Marshall 2067 

Mason 747 

Monongalia 1585 

Morgan 261 

Ohio 290.5 

Pendleton 161 

Pleasants 239 

Preston 1639 

Putnam 232 

Randolph 239 

Ritc-Iiie 667 

Roane 177 

Taylor 867 

Tyler 720 

Upshur 879 

Wayne 289 

Wetzel 870 

Wirt 375 

Wood 1603 

33 Counties 25797 



768 
102 
222 
675 
683 
287 
131 
416 
91 

1972 
525 
654 

1178 

1404 

1999 
742 

1562 
2.59 

2875 
161 
211 

1628 
924 
2.38 
5<!3 
177 
849 
484 
879 
287 
817 

1540 



765 
102 
2''' 2 
665 
742 
287 
131 
417 
91 

2024 
522 
619 

1181 

1434 

2021 
733 

1584 
259 

2866 
161 
■238 

1640 
223 
•238 
661 
177 
880 
688 
874 
287 
869 
371 

1546 



772 

102 

2^2 

669 

724 

286 

132 

416 

91 

1977 

518 

620 

1181 

1129 

1978 

724 

1561 

258 

2766 

]61_ 

1602 
226 
231 
652 

177 
839 
695 
878 
287 
825 
372 
1549 



90 
ooo 

662 

735 
•287 
133 
416 
91 

2018 
522 
504 

1178 

1426 

2032 
733 

15.59 
2.58 

2840 
161 
239 

1614 
224 
2.38 
663 
177 
881 
708 
878 
273 
564 
369 

1548 



754 
102 
ooo 

673 

727 

244 

132 

419 

91 

1968 

520 

657 

1173 

1372 

2064 

i.5S6 
258 

2876 
361 
239 

1614 
22.3 
224 
652 
177 
869 
710 
874 
276 
852 
370' 

1558 



775 



664 
739 
283 
132 
416 
91 

1955 
526 
658 

1179 

1392 

2039 
7.32 

1545 
258 

2786 
161 
238 

1548 

225 
664 

177 
880 
699 
878 
275 
862 
367 
1558 



753 

102 

222 

665 

720 

243 

132 

416 

91 

19.59 

508 

668 

1171 

1363 

1973 

i.548 
257 

2737 
161 
238 

1607 
231 
224 
641 
177 
857 
684 
872 
282 
812 
369 

1542 



24996 25513 24857 25141 24637 24924 24r25 



224 Akchives and History. [W. Va. 

The Beginning of the New State Government, June 20, 1863. 

The 20th day of June 1863, was a remarkable one in the Histoiy 
of the Virginias. In Wheeling a vast multitude nironged the 
streets. Thousands of flags fluttered in the breeze ; the display of 
bunting was the most attractive ever seen in the "Western Metro- 
polis." It threatened rain — June showers; now all the beauties of 
a" clear sunlight were shown, then a cloud chased all away. There 
were June showers — little ones — not enough to drive the people from 
the streets. A procession marched through the principal streets and 
then halted in front of the Linsly Institute. It was filled with 
people ; the streets were filled with men, women and children, and 
the yards, windows and roofs were filled with eager faces. A large 
platform liad been erected in front of the Institute, and thither the 
officers — • officials of two State Governments — were conducted as 
they arrived. Hon. Chester D. Hubliard called the multitude to 
order. Thirty-five tastefully attired and beautiful little girls, rep- 
resenting the American States, sang the "Star Spangled Banner." 
Rev. J. T. McLure addressed the Throne of Grace. Then came 
two Governors — Francis 11. Pierpont, the head of the 'Restored 
Government,' and Arthur I Boreman, chief Executive of a State 
just then beginning to be. The first delivered a Valedictory, the 
second an Inaugural Address. The sovereignty of the Restored 
Government of Virginia was terminated on the soil of West Vii'- 
ginia. Governor Pierpont retired with the Restored Government 
to Alexandria. Three cheers were given for West Virginia; the 
little girls sang E Plurihus Unum: the band played the "Star 
Spangled Banner,'' and thus terminated the ceremonies of the 
inauguration of West Virginia as a free and independent State. 




Hox. Akthur Incram Boreman. 
First Governor of West Virginia. (See Biographical Notice, p. 220.) 



APPENDIX VIII. 



THE LEGISLATURE OF WEST VIRGINIA— MEMBERSHIP 
AND ORGANIZATION. 



Under tlie provisions of the first Constitution of the State — 1863 
to 1872 — the Legislature met annually and State Senators were elect- 
ed for a term of two years; and members of the House of Delegates 
for one year. Under the present Constitution — 1872 to the present 
time — the Legislature meets biennially ; State Senators are elected for 
a term of four years ; and members of the House, of Delegates for two 
years. 

Then and Now. — It is nearly forty-seven years since the meeting 
of the First Legislature, in the Linsly Institute Building, in Wheel- 
ing, at twelve o'clock, high noon, June 20, 1863. Then there were 
nine Senatorial Districts and the Senate consisted of eighteen 
members; then there were forty-eight counties, and forty-seven 
members representing counties and Delegate Districts. Since then 
two counties — Berkeley and Jefferson — have been added, and five 
others — Mineral, Lincoln, Grant, Summers and Mingo — have been 
created, thus increasing the number to fifty-five. Since then the 
number of Senatorial Districts has been increased to fifteen. Since 
then the number of members of the House of Delegates has been 
increased from forty-seven to eighty-six; and the number of Sen- 
ators from eighteen to thirty — membership in both Houses nearly 
doubled. Then the subjects of legislation were few ; for there were 
then no public institutions and no material development ; and 
Sessions of the Legislature attracted comparatiyely little attention. 
Now how different ! Not quite a half century gone, but the growth 
and development of the State have surprised the Nation and en- 
listed almost world-wide interest. This has brought with it vastly 
increased needs of legislation, and a Session of the Legislature, 
with its more than a hundred members and attaches, presents a 



226 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

busy scene and attracts wide interest. The changes which have 
taken place in the Legislature indicate the progress and develop- 
ment made by the State. 

The Journals of the Legislature. — The Transactions and Pro- 
ceedings of the Senate and House of Delegates are printed in the 
"Senate Journals" and "House Journals," a volume for each 
House. There have been twenty-eight Regular Sessions — ten An- 
nual and eighteen Biennial. In addition thereto separate volumes 
of the Journals have been printed for five Extra Sessions — those ot' 
1868, 1887, 1890, 1904 and 1908— those for other extra, extended, 
or adjourned Sessions having been printed as appendixes to the 
Journals of preceding regular Sessions. Thus it will be seen that 
the Legislative History of the State is comprised in sixty-six bound 
volumes of Journals — thirty-three of the Senate and thirty-three 
of the House — and if we would acquaint ourselves with that His- 
tory we must consult these volumes — many of them ponderous 
ones. This has been done in the preparation of the following 
material; and some interesting facts have been presented. From 
June 20, 1863, to January, 1879, a period including thirteen Leg- 
islatures or regular Sessions — ten Annual and three Biennial— the 
rolls of the membership are full, containing as they do, with slight 
exceptions the name, age, nativity, occupation, postoffice and res- 
idence county of each member. From January 8. 1879, to January 
13, 1899, a period in which there were ten Biennial Legislatures — 
there is, with the exception of that of 1891, a total absence of data 
relating to the membership, save that the names, with counties or 
districts represented, are given. From January 11, 1899. to 1908. 
a period in which there were four biennial sessions, the data given 
in connection with the membership of both Houses is again full and 
well arranged. 

Throughout the long period, from 1779 to 1899. the only sources 
of information as to the membership (that of 1891 excepted) con- 
sist of the enrollment on the first day of the Session of members 
"who appear to have been elected," and the Eeport of the Com- 
mittee on Privileges and Elections; it being difficult in some in- 
stances, to determine the county or district represented by the 
persons named. In the Session of 1881, it is impossible to ascertain 
the residence county of Senators, and the rule seems to have been 
to give initials instead of the full given names of members. For 
the years 1881 and 1883, the list of Senators has to be made up 
from the Journals of these two Sessions, each Journal containing 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



227 



the names of new Senators, but not those of hold-over members, 
either by Counties or Districts. 

Such is a notice in brief of the Journals — sixty-six volumes — • 
of the Legislature ; and they contain the Legislative History of the 
State for nearly a half century. Neither time nor labor has been 
spared in consulting them in the preparation of the following 
material compiled, as is believed, as accurately as it is possible to 
do it. It exhibits at a glance the names of all the law makers of 
the State, with interesting facts relating to them, together with 
names of attaches, and data concerning them. 

THE FIRST LEGISLATURE. 

(Convened at \\Tieeling, June 20, 1863; Adjourned December 11, 1863.) 

Senators. 



Name. 

.Tohn H. Atkinson. 
Aaron Bechtol. 
.Tohn B. Bowen. 
John .7. Brown. 
Edward C. Bunker. 
.Tames Burley. 
.Tames Carskadon. 
William H. Copley. 
D. D. T. Farnsworth. 
Aaron Hawkins. 
Daniel Haymond. 
Chester P. Hubbard. 
Kdward S. Mahon. 
Edwin Maxwell. 
Thomas K. McCann. 
Tohn M. Phelps. 
Wm. D. Rollyson. 
Oreenbury Slack. 
Wm. E. Stevenson 
Samuel Young 

John M. Phelps 

President, 
Ellery R. Hall, 

Clerk, 
Edmcnd Ivyle, 

Hergeant-at-arms. 

W. M. DU.VNINGTON, 

Door-kccpcr. 
Charles H. Wheat. 
Alex. R. Campbell, 

Pages. 



Lewis Ballard 
John S. Barnes. 
.Tames I. Barrick. 
Ephraim Bee. 
.Tohn Boggs. 
George C. Bowyer. 
Lewis Bumgardner. 
Thomas Copley. 
Wm. L. Crawford. 
Horatio N. Crooks. 
H. W. Crothers. 
L. E. Davidson 
S. R. Dawson. 
W. S. Dunbar. 



IGE 


OCCCPATIOX. 


Nativity. 


District. Post-office. 


4.".. 


Brick Man'f. 


Ohio. 


1st. 


New Cumberland 


.5n. 


Stageman. 


Virginia. 


10th 


Berkeley Springs. 


4.5. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


8th. 


Buffalo Shoals. 


.38. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


3d. 


Kingwood. 


.35. 


Farmer. 


N. Y. City. 


3d. 


Morgantown. 


02. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


2d. 


Moundsville. 


44. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


10th. 


New Creek. 


4.3. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


8th. 


Guyandotte. 


4.3. 


Merchant. 


New York. 


6th. 


Buckhannon. 


•>r>. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


2d. 


Basnettsville. 


TO. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


4th. 


Federal Hill. 


4S. 


Banker. 


Connecticut. 


1st. 


Wheeling. 


47. 


Farmer. 


Maryland. 


5th. 


Ravenswood. 


3."). 


Lawyer. 


A'irginia. 


4th. 


Clarksburg. 


3S. 


R. R. Con'tr. 


New York. 


9th. 


Middle Ferry Brook. 


42. 


Minister. 


Virginia. 


9th. 


Point Pleasant. 


26. 


Land Agent. 


Virginia. 


6th. 


Braxton C. H. 


.5.5. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Kanawha C. H. 


45. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania 


5th. 


Parkersburg. 


35. 


Minister. 


Virginia. 


9th. 


Edray. 


42. 


Minister. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Point Pleasant. 


29. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 




Fiiirraont. 


o.-) 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania 




Pine Grove. 


G2. 


Carpenter. 


Virginia. 




Fairmont. 


15. 


Student. 


California. 




Wheeling 


15. 


Student. 


Iowa. 




Wheeling. 




Delegates. 






37. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Monroe. 


Lindside. 


47. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Marion. 


Fairmont. 


30. 


^lerchant. 


Virginia. 


Hampsh 


ire. New Creek. 


GO. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Doddrid 


W. Oxford. 


40. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Pendleton. Senaca. 


31. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Putnam 


Winfield. 


47. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Mason. 


Hartford City. 


r.i. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Wayne. 


Falls of Tug. 


30. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Hancock. Freeman's Land'j 


62. 


Farmer 


Pennsylvania 


.Wood. 


Belleville. 


43. 


:Merchant. 


Ohio. 


Brooke. 


Wellsburg. 


40. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Taylor. 


Flemington. 


30. 


Minister 


Maryland. 


Ritchie. 


Ellenboro. 


40. 


, Carpenter. 


Virginia. 


Raleigh. 


Raleigh C. H. 



228 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. Age. Occupation. Nativity. County. Post-office. 

Michael Dunn. 48. Mercbant. Virginia. Marshall. Moundsville. 

Solomon S. Fleming. 50. Merchant. Virginia. Harrison. Shinnston. 

Alfred Poster. 4.S. Merchant. Virginia. Wirt. Newark. 

John C. Gillilan. 43. Farmer. Virginia. Greenbrier. Falling Springs. 

Nathan Goff Sr. 65. Bankei* New York. Harrison. Clarksburg. 

Benoni Griffin. 49. Farmer. Virginia. Pocahontas. Beech Bottom. 

Robert Hagar. 53. Minister Virginia. Boone. Kanawha C. H. 

Perry M. Hale. 30. Hatter Virginia Lewis. Weston. 

James H. Hinchman. 45. Farmer. Virginia. Logan. Rich Creek. 

Isaac Holman. 53. Farmer Pennsylvania. Marion. Palatine. 

David J. Keeney. 40. Merchant. Virginia. Jackson. Ravenswood. 

Cyrus Kittle. > 43. Farmer. Virginia. Randolph. Beverly. 

Leroy Kramer. 44. Merchant Pennsylvania. Monongalia. Morgantown. 

Daniel Lamb. 53. Lawyer Pennsylvania. Ohio. Wheeling. 

Thomas Little. 45. Farmer. Virginia. Mercer. Frenchville. 

John B. Lough. 50. Farmer. Virginia. Monongalia. Arnettsville. 

Andrew W. Mann. 20. Farmer. Virginia. Greenbrier. Falling Springs. 

James C. McGrew. 48. Merchant. Virginia. Preston. Kingwood. 

J. M. McWhorter. 35. Clerk of Ct. Virginia. Roane. Spencer. 

John Michael. 46. Farmer. Virginia. Hardy. New Creek. 

Spicer Patrick. 70. Physician. New York. Kanawha. Charleston. 

Anthony Rader. 52. Physician. Virginia. Nicholas. Summersville. 

S. I. Robinson. 37. Farmer Pennsylvania.Wetzel. New Martinsville. 

Andrew F. Ross. 47. Teacher. Pennsylvania.Ohio. West Liberty. 

Lewis Ruffner. 66. Salt Man'f. Virginia. Kanawha. Kanawha Salines. 

George W. Sheetz. 39. Carpenter Virginia. Hampshire. Piedmont. 

W. W. Shriver. 54. Maryland. Ohio. Wheeling. 

Felix Sutton. 61. Farmer Dis. Columbia.Braxton. Braxton C. H. 

Daniel Sweeny. 53. Minister. I'ennsylvania. Tyler. Sistersville. 

Joseph Teter, Jr. 35. Farmer. Virginia. Barbour. Belington. 

Jacob Teter. 37. Farmer. Virginia. Upshur. Peck's Run. 

Joseph Turner. 53. Farmer. Virginia. Marshall. Moundsville. 

Peter G. Van Winkle. 55. Lawyer. New York. Wood. Parkersburg. 

Joseph S. Wheat. 60 Farmer. Virginia. Morgan. Sir John's Run. 

William T. Wiant. 30. Merchant. Virginia. Gilmer. Glenville. 

Edward D. Wright. 52. Farmer. Virginia. Cabell. Guyandotte. 

William B. Zinn. 65. Flour Merchant. Virginia. Preston. Zinn's Mills. 

Spiceb Patrick, 

Speaker, 70. Physician New Y'ork. Kanawha. Kanawha C. H. 
Gkanvillb D. Hall, 

Clerk, 25. Reporter. Virginia. Wheeling. 

Sylvanus W. Hall, 

Assistant Clerk, 25. Clerk. Virginia. Fairmont. 

S. G. W. Morrison, 

Sergeant-at-arms, 45 Foundryman. Maryland Wheeling. 

Wm. W. Holliday, 

Door-keeper, 63. Pennsylvania Wheeling 

John K. Duncan. 16. Student. Pennsylvania Morgantown. 

Reuben J. Bullard, 

Pages. 14. Student. Virginia. Wheeling. 



THE SECOND LEGISLATURE. 

(Convened at Wheeling, January 19, 1864. Adjourned March 3, 1864.) 



John n. Atkinson. 
Aaron Bechtol. 
John B. Bowen. 
John J. Brown. 
Edward C. Bunker. 
James Burley. 
James Carskadon. 
William H. Copley. 
William S. Dunbar. 
Dan. D. T. Farnsworth. 
Aaron Hawkins. 
Daniel Haymond. 
Chester D. Hubbard. 
Edward S. Mahon. 







Senators. 




44. 


Brick Man 


f. Ohio. 


1st. 


54. 


Stageman. 


Virginia. 


10th. 


46. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Sth. 


39. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


3r. 


36. 


Lawyer. 


N. Y. Citv. 


3d. 


62. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


2d. 


44. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


10th. 


44. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Sth. 


40. 


Carpenter. 


Virginia. 


9th. 


45. 


Merchant. 


New York 


6th. 


6a. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


2d. 


76. 


F'armer. 


Virginia. 


4th 


40. 


Banker. 


Connecticut. 


1st. 


4V. 


Farmer. 


Maryland. 


5th. 



NewCumberland. 

Berkeley Springs. 

Buffalo" Shoals 

Kingwood. 

Morgantown. 

Mounds\ille. 

New Crtek. 

Guyandotte. 

Raleigh C. H. 

Buckhannon. 

Basnettsville. 

Federal Hill. 

Wheeling. 

Ravenswood. 



1908] 



Tin-: LEoisLAxrnE of West YiRGi:aA. 



229 



Name. 
Edwin Maxwell. 
John M. Plielps. 
Wm. D. Rollyson. 
Greenbury Slack. 
Wm. E. Stevenson. 
Samuel Young. 



Age. Occupatiox. 
36. Lawyer. 
43. Minister. 
26. Merchant. 
56. Farmer. 
45. Farmer. 
3G Minister. 



Wm. E. Stevenson, 45. Farmer. 

President. 
Ellert R. Hall, 29. i^awyer. 

Clerk. 
Alpheus D. Hagans, 42. Moulder. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 
Thomas L. Boggess, 64. Farmer. 

Door-keeper. 
John H. Charnock. 36. Bricklayer. 

Janitor. 



Alex. R. Campbell 
Charles H. Wheat. 
Pages. 



16. Student. 
16. Student. 



Nativitv. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Iowa. 
California 



County. Post-office. 
4th. Clarksburg. 
7th. Point Pleasant. 
6th. Braxton C. H. 
7th. Kanawha C. H. 

Parkersburg. 

Edray. 



5th. 
9th. 



5th. Parkersburg. 

. . . . Fairmont. 

. . . . Brandonville. 

. . . . Farmington. 

. . . . Wheeling. 

. . . . Wheeling. 

. . . . Wheeling. 



Delegates. 



William Alexander. 
.Tames I. Barrick. 
•John Boggs. 
Lewis Bumgardner. 
Charles W. Burke. 
W'illiam Cassady. 
Jesse H. Gather. 
Samuel A. Childers. 
Mitchell Cook. 
Thomas Copley. 
W'illiam L. Crawford. 
Horatio N. Crooks. 
David Cunningham. 
Samuel R. Dawson. 
Joseph H. Diss Debar 
Abi.iah Dolly. 
Michael Dunn. 
Solomon S. Fleming. 
Alfred Foster. 
Nathan Coff. Sr. 
Benoni Griffin. 
Robert Ilagar. 
.Tames II. Hinchman. 
Henson L.Hoff. 
Isaac Holman. 
David .T. Keeney 
William H. King. 
Leroy Kramer. 
Daniel Lamb. 
Thomas H. Logan. 
John B. Lough. 
A. J. McDonald. 
.Tames C. McGrew. 
Dudley S. Monague. 
Enos W. Newton. 
Aaron D. Peterson. 
Anthony Ruder. 
Samuel I. Robinson. 
Andrew F. Ross. 
Lewis Ruffner. 
Charles F. Scott. 
George W. Sheetz. 
Abram D. Soper. 
Henry Stump. 
Felix Sutton. 
Alva Teeter. 
Joseph S. Wheat. 
James W. Williamson. 

Leroy Kramer, 
Speaker. 



49. Farmer. 
32. Merchant. 
49. Farmer. 

47. Farmer. 

41. Farmer. 

59. Farmer. 

42. Farmer. 

48. Carpenter. 
46. Farmer. 

61. Farmer. 
37. Farmer. 

62. Farmer. 

60. Farmer. 
39 Minister. 

43. Farmer. 
46. Farmer. 

49. Merchant. 
51. Merchant. 
43. Merchant. 

66 Banker. 

50 Farmer. 

54 Minister. 

46 Farmer. 

55 Farmer. 
54 Farmer. 
40 Merchant. 

35 Carpenter. 
44 Merchant. 
54 Lawyer. 

36 Merchant. 

51 Farmer. 

36 Farmer. 
50 Merchant. 

63 Hotel Keeper. 
68 Editor. 

49 Farmer 
53 Physician. 

37 Farmer. 

47 Teacher. 

67 Manufacturer. 
26 Lawyer. 

39 Carpenter. 

68 Lawyer. 
47 Surveyor. 
62 Farmer. 
42 Farmer. 
61 Farmer. 

50 Farmer. 



44 Merchant. 



Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania 

Virginia. 

Maryland. 

France. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

New York. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Pennsylvania 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Vermont. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

New York. 

Virginia. 

D. C. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 



^Marshall. 

Hampshire. 

Pendleton. 

Mason. 

5th. Del. D. 

Fayette. 

Taylor. 

Cabell. 



Moundsvllle. 

New. Creek. 

Seneca 

Hartford City. 

Leeds ville. 
Fayetteville. 

Flemington. 
Guvandotte. 



6thDel.Dist.Camp Piatt. 
Wayne. Falls of Tug. 
Hancock. Freeman's Landing. 
IstDel.Dist.Bellville. 
Marion. Beatty's Mills. 
Ritchie. Ellenboro. 
Doddridge. St. Clara Colony. 
Hardy. Greenland. 

Marshall. Moundsvllle. 
Harrison. Shinnston. 
Wirt. Newark. 

Harrison. Clarksburg. 
4th Del. Dis. Clarksburg. 
Boone. Kanawha C. H. 

Logan. Camp Piatt. 

Barbour. Phillippi. 
Marion. Palatine. 
.Tackson. Ravenswood. 
Preston. Albright. 
Monongalia. Morgantown. 
Ohio. Wheeling. 

Ohio. Wheeling. 

Monongalia. Arnettsville. 
2d Del. Dist.Arnoldsburg. 
Preston. Kingwood. 
Putnam. Red Plouse Shoals. 
Kanawha. Kanawha C. H. 
Lewis. French Creek. 

3d Del. Dist.Kanawha C. H. 
Wetzel. New Martinsville. 
Ohio. Wheeling. 

Kanawha. Kanawha Salines. 
Brooke. Wellsburg. 
Hampshire. Piedmont. 
Tyler. Sistersville. 

Roane. Walton. 

Braxton. Braxton C. H. 
Upshur. Peck's Run. 
Morgan. Sir John's Run. 
Wood. Ben's Run. 



Pennsylvania.Monongalia.Morgantown. 



230 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. 



Age. Occupation'. 



Nativity'. 



Granville D. Hall, 

Clerk. 
William P. HubbaeDj 

Assistant Clerk. 
S. G. W. Mop.RisoNj . 

Sergant-at-arms. 
William W. Hollidat, 

Door-keeper. 
John H. Charnock, 

Janitor. 
John W. Morrison. 
L. D. Williams. 
John A. Fleming. 

Pages. 



26 Reporter. 



36 Bricklayer. 
13 Student. 
13 Student. 
13 Student. 



Virginia. 
Virginia. 



63 Foundry man. Maryland. 



Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 



District. Post-office. 



Harrison. . . . Shinnston. 



Ohio. 



Wheeling. 



. Wheeling. 

.Wheeling. 

.Wheeling. 
. Wheeling. 
.Wheeling. 
. Shinnston. 



THE THIHD LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened alj Wlieeliug January 17, 1865. Adjourned March 3, 1865.) 



Sex.\tors. 



John H. Atkinson. 
Aaron Betchol. 
John B. Bowen. 
John J. Brown. 
James Burley. 
Wm. F. Chambers. 
James M. Corley 
William S. Dunbar. 
Dan. D. T. Famsworth. 
Aaron Hawkins. 
Daniel Haymond. 
Bethuel M. Kitchen. 
Edward S. Mahon. 
Edwin Maxwell. 
Daniel Peck. 
John M. Phelps. 
William Price. 
Greenbury Slack. 
Wm. E. Stevenson. 
Edward D. Wright. 

Wm. E. Stevenson, 

President. 
Ellert R. Hall, 

Clerk. 
Alpheds D. Hagans, 

Sergeant-at-arms. 
Thos. L. Boggess, 

Door-keeper. 
William H. Phelps. 
Edward S. Dillon. 

Pages. 



4't Bricklayer. 
55 Stageman. 
47 Farmer. 
39 Lawyer. 
63 Farmer. 
65 Farmer. 
55 Farmer. 
4 I Carpenter. 

45 Merchant. 

65 I'^armer. 
77 Farmer. 
52 Farmer. 
49 Farmer 
37 Lawyer. 

66 Lawyer. 
44 Minister. 
60 Farmer. 
57 Farmer. 

46 Farmer. 
54 Farmer. 



42 Farmer. 
30 Lawyer. 

43 Moulder. 

66 R. R. Agent. 
16 Student. 
16 Printer. 



Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Penn.sylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

New York. 

Pennsylvania 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Maryland. 

Virginia. 

Vermont. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 



Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 



1st. 
loth 

Sth. 

3d. 

2d. 

ath 

oth. 

9th. 

6th. 

2d. 

4th. 
lOth. 

5tb. 

4th 

1st. 

7th. 

3d. 

7 th. 

5th. 

Sth. 



Sth. 



H. 



Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 



New Cumberland. 

Sir John's Run. 

Buffalo Shoals. 

Morgantown. 

Moundsville. 

Kanawha. C. 

Weston. 

Raleigh C. H. 

Buckhannon. 

Basnettsvill<\ 

Federal Hill. 

Martinsbui'g. 

Rav^nswood. 

Clarksburg. 

Wheeling. 

Point Pleasant. 

Andy. 

Kanawha. 

Parkersburg. 

Guyandotte. 



Parkersburg. 

Fairmont. 

Brandonville. 

Farmington. 
Wheeling. 
Point Pleasant. 



Delegates. 



Thomas P. Adams. 
William Alexander. 
John S. Barnes. 
John Boggs. 
Greenberry D. Bonar. 
William S. Cassady. 
Nicholas Casto. 
Jesse H. Cather. 
Joseph A. Chapline. 
George K. Cox. 
Horatio N. Crooks. 
Owen D. Downey. 
Lewis Dyche. 
James H. Ferguson. 
Solomon S. Fleming. 
Jacob T. Galloway. 



40 Claim Agent. 

50 Farmer. 

4S Farmer. 

50 Farmer. 

t;4 Farmer. 

00 Farmer. 

3r» Farmer. 

44 Farmer. 

30 Lawyer. 

43 Farmer. 

63 Farmer. 

50 Hotel Keeper. 

42 Laborer. 

49 Lawyer. 

52 Merchant. 

52 Farmer 



Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 



Hampshire. New Creek. 
^Marshall. Moundsville 
Fairmont. 



-Alarion. 

Pendleton 

Ohio 

Fayette. 

.TacksoL". 

Taylor 

Jefferson. 



Senaca. 

West Liberty. 

Fayetteville. 

Jackson. C. H 

Fl-^mington. 

Sheplierdstown. 
2d Del. Dist.Cox's Mills. 
IstDel.Dist.Bellville. 
Hampshire. Piedmont. 
Morgan. Sir John's Run. 
Cabell. Guyandotte. 

ITarrison. Shinnston. 
Tvler. Twiggs P. O. 



1908] 



The Legislatuke of West Viegixia. 



231 



Name. 
Baptiste Gilmore. 
Nathan Goff, Sr. 
Theodore N. Gorrell. 
Adam Gregory. 
Benjamin Hager. 
Joseph W. Hale. 
James H. Hinchman. 
Isaac Holman. 
Harvey F. Hyer. 
John Kellar. 
William H. King. 
George Koonce. 
Leroy Kramer. 
Edmund Kyle. 
Daniel Lamb. 
Thomas Little. 
John B. Lough. 
William Mairs. 
John Michael. 
Joshua S. Morris. 
James C. McGrew. 
Henry C. McWhorter. 
Abel B. Parks. 
Spicer Patrick. 
Aaron D. Peterson. 
Jesse F. Phares. 
David S. Pinnell. 
Ell Riddle. 
Charles F. Scott. 
Abel Segur. 
Buckner .7. Smith. 
William Smith. 
Benj. L. Stephenson. 
Thomas H. Trainer. 
Rathbone Van Winkle. 
Meredith Wells. 
William Wilen. 

Leroy Kramer, 

Speaker. 
Granville D. Hall, 

Clerk. 
WiLLTAJi P. Hubbard, 

Assistant Clerk. 
S. G. W. MoRRisiox, 

Sergeant-at-arms. 
Joseph S. Wheat, 

Door-keeper. 
John H. Charxock. 

Janitor. 
John A. Fleming. 
John W. Morrison. 
George W. Myers. 

Pages. 



Age. Occupation. 
40 Merchant. 
0!t Banker 
30 Clerk. 
33 Parmer. 

51 Minister. 
48 Farmer. 
40 Farmer. 
55 Farmer. 

57 Farmer. 

30 Carpenter. 

46 Merchant. 

45 Merchant. 
33 Farmer. 
55 Lawyer. 

46 Farmer. 

52 Farmer. 
3»; Physician. 
48 Farmer. 
48 Farmer. 

51 Merchant. 
'28 Clerk. 

57 Farmer. 

72 Physician. 

50 Farmer. 

30 Merchant. 

52 Physician. 
60 Farmer. 
27 Lawyer. 
55 Farmer. 

44 Brick Maker. 

45 Farmer. 
40 Farmer. 
48 Minister. 
30 Lawyer. 

47 Farmer. 

45 Furniture D'r. 



Nativity. 
Maine. 
New York. 
Maryland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Connecticut. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Vii'ginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
New York. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Connecticut. 
Ohio. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
New Jersey. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 



County. Post-office. 
Mason. Point Pleasant. 

Harrison. Clarksburg. 
Ohio. Wheeling. 

4th Del.Dist.Buckhannon. 



Boone. 

Wirt. 

Logan. 

Marion. 

Braxton. 

Barbour. 

Preston. 

Jefferson. 



Brownstown. 
Newark. 
Kanawha C. H. 
Palatine. 



Pleasant Creek. 

Albright. 

Harper's Ferry. 
Monongalia.Morgantown. 
Wetzel. Pine Grove. 
Ohio. Wheeling. 

Mercer. Charleston. 
Monongalia. Arnettsville. 
Kanawha. Pocataligo. 
Hardy. New Creek. 

Putnam. Winfield. 
Preston. Kingwood. 
Roane. Roane C. H. 

Doddridge. New Milton. 
Kanawha. Kanawha C. H. 
Lewis. French Creek. 

5th Del.Dist.Beverly. 
L'pshur. Buckhannon. 
Ritchie. Pennsboro. 
brooke. Wellsburg. 

Wayne. Ceredo. 
Hancock. New Cumberland. 
.Berkelev. Martinsburg. 
3d Del.Dist. Clay C. H. 
Marshall. Moundsvillo. 
1st Del.Dist.Parkersburg. 
OthDel.Dist. Brownstown. 
Berkeley. Martinsburg. 



45 Merchant. 



Pennsylvania. Monongalia. Morgan town. 



20 Virginia. 

21 Virginia. 

44 Maryland 

62 Virginia. 

37 Virginia. 

14 Virginia. 

14 Virginia. 

12 Virginia. 



Wheeling 

Wheeling. 

Sir John's Run. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 
Wheeling. 
Wheeling. 



THE FOURTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Wheeling January 16, 1866. Adjourned March 1, 18G6.) 



James Burlev. 
John S. Burdett. 
William F. Chambers. 
Joseph A. Chapline. 
James M. Corley. 







Sex. 


ATOBS. 






64 


Farmer. 




Pennsylvania. 


2d. 


Moundsville. 


47 


Merchant. 




Virginia. 


3d. 


Pruntytown. 


66 


Farmer. 




Virginia. 


9th. 


Peterstown. 


31 


Lawver. 




Virginia. 


lOth. 


Shepherdstown 


56 


Farmer 




Virginia. 


6th. 


Weston. 



232 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



D. H. K. Dix. 
Isaac H. Duvall. 
Robert Hagar. 
Aaron Hawkins. 
Daniel Haymond. 
Bethuel M. Kitchen. 
Edward S. Mahon. 
Edwin Maxwell. 
Emmet .T. O'Brien. 
Daniel Peck. 
William Price. 
Oreenbury Slack.- 
William E. Stevenson. 
Edward D. Wright. 
Vacancy* 

William E. Stevenson 

President. 
Ellery R. Hall, 

Clerk. 
Edwin W. S. Mooee, 

Assistant Clerk. 
Alpheus n. Hagans, 

Serc/eant-at-arms. 
Richaed G. MahoNj 

Door-keeper. 
Charles PI. Pumphrey. 
Edward S. Dillon. 

Pages. 



John C. Ballard. 
Ephraim Bee. 
Jacob C. Beeson. 
Joseph Bell. 
John Bennett. 
Jacob II. Brlstor. 
.\lfred W. Brown. 
Richard P. Camden. 
John S. P. Carroll.t 
James S. Cassadv. 
Henry S. Combs." 
Mitchell Cook. 
Samuel Cooper. 
David Cunningham. 
William B. Curtis. 
Peter Darnel. 
Henry G. Davis. 
Abiiah Dolly. 
Lewis Dyche. 
Solomon S. Fleming. 
James P. Given. 
Nathan Goff, Sr. 
Harrison Hagans. 
James II. Higgins. 
Ulysses Ilinchman. 
Abram Ilinkle. 
George Hooker. 
Jacob Hornbrook. 
Daniel D. .Tohnson. 
John Kellar. 
George Koonce. 
Edmund Kyle. 
Thomas Little.tt 
Marquis L. Lockhart. 
Williams Mairs. 
Rufus Maxwell. 
Joseph E. McCoy. 



38 Minister. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Winfield 


41 Merchant. 


Virginia. 


1st. 


Wellsburg. 


.56 Minister. 


Virginia. 


8th. 


Newport. 


66 Farmer. 


Virginia. 


2d. 


Basnettsville. 


78 Farmer. 


Pennsylvania 


4th. 


Federal Hill. 


53 Farme.' 


Virginio. 


10th. 


Shanghai. 


50 Farmer 


Maryland. 


5th. 


Ravenswood. 


38 Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


4th. 


Clarksburg. 


46 JNIechanic. 


Virginia. 


6th. 


Burnersville. 


67 Lawyer. 


Vermont. 


1st. 


Wheeling. 


61 Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


3d. 


Andy. 


nS Farmer. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Kanawha C. H. 


47 Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


5th. 


Parkersburg. 


5.5 l'"'armer. 


Virginia. 


8th. 
9th. 

5th. 


Guyandotte. 


47 Farmer 


Pennsylvania. 


Parkersburg. 


31 Lawyer. 


Virginia. 




Fairmont. 


20 Clerk. 


Virginia. 




Fairmont. 


44 Moulder. 


Virginia. 




Brandonville. 


32 Farmer. 


Virginia. 




Cottagtville. 


14 Student. 


Virginia. 




Wheeling. 


17 Student. 


Virginia. 




Wheeling. 



Delegates. 



47 Millwright. 
63 Farmer 

52 Merchant. 

46 Manufacturer. 

49 Minister. 
31 Teacher. 
42 Farmer. 
55 Banker. 
36 Farmer. 
4.5 Farmer 

47 Ironmaster. 

48 Farmer. 
45 Merchant. 
62 Farmer. 
44 Merchant. 

50 Millwright. 
41 Merchant. 
4ft Farmer. 
4." Laborer. 

53 Merchant. 
47 Blacksmith. 
68 Banker. 

60 Merchant. 
38 Wheelwright. 
5S Physician. 
30 Merchaat. 
50 Farmer 
53 Merchant. 

29 Farmer. 
5S Farmer. 
47 Merchant. 

36 Farmer. 
47 Farmer. 

30 Clerk. 

37 Physician. 
37 Farmer. 
27 Merchant. 



Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
New York. 
Vermont. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia, 
'.'irginia. 
Ohio 
England. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 

Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 



Monroe. Centreville. 

Doddridge. Oxford. 

Marion. Fairmont. 

Ohio. Wheeling. 
2d. Del. Dist. Stee:- Creek. 
Taylor. Grafton 

Monongalia. Andy. 

Lewis. Weston. 

Wayne Buffalo Shoals. 

Fayette. Fayette C. H. 
Monongalia. Stewart's Town. 
6th Dei. Dist. Wyoming C. H. 

Jlampsnire Cacapon Bridge. 

Marion. Mannington. 
Ohio. West Liberty. 

Mason. West Columbia. 

Hampshire. Piedmont. 

Hardy. Greenland. 
Morgan. Sir John's Run. 

Harrison. Shinnston. 
Braxton. Mouth of Birch. 

Harrison. Clarksburg. 

Preston. Brandonville. 

Jackson. Cottageville. 

Logan. Rich Creek. 

Pendleton. Mt. Freedom. 

Brooke. Cherry Hill. 

Ohio. Wheeling. 
Tyler. Long Reach. 

Barbour. Pleasant Creek. 

Jefferson. Harper's Ferry. 

.Wetzel. Pine Grove. 

Alercer. Frenchville. 
Wirt. Wirt. C. H. 

Kanawha. Pocataligo. 



5th Del. Dis. St. George. 
Roane. Spencer. 



*At the beginning of this session Henry Mason Mathews, of Greenbrier county, 
apneared as a senator-elect from the Ninth Senatorial District, but he refused to 
take the required oath and on February 15th his seat was declared vacant. 

tJohn S. P. Carroll successfully contested the seat of William W. Brumfleld, of 
Wavne countv, and qualified January 24, 1866. 

ttOn January 31, 1866. Thomas Little, of Mercer county, presented a petition 
claiming a seat as a delegate from that county, and to this he was admitted on the 
5th of the ensuing February. 



190S] 



The Legislatuke of West Virginia. 



233 



Name. 

Charles H. McCurdy. 
Abraham R. McQullkin. 
Henry C. McWhorter. 
David S. Pinnell. 
Anthoni,' Rader. 
Eli Riddle. 
Buckner .T. Smith. 
AVilliam Smith. 
Samuel S. Spencer. 
Samuel B. Stidger. 
Thomas H. Trainer. 
James W. Williamson. 
John S. Witcher. 
William Workman. 
William B. Zinn. 

David S. Pinnell, 

Speaker. 
William P.Hcebakd, 

Clerl: 

AXDREW JOHN.SON, 

Assistant Clerk. 
Oeohge Cozad. 
J. L. S. Hall. 
Van B. Hall. 

Committee Clerks. 
S. G. W. Morrison^ 

Sergeant-at-arms. 
Joseph S. Wheat. 

Door-keeper. 
John W. Morrison, 
John W. Morrison, 
John A. Fleming. 
George W. Myers. 

Pages. 



Age. Occupation. 

44 Farmer. 

48 Merchant. 

'20 Lawyer. 

53 Physician. 

55 Phyf,ician. 

61 Farmer. 

44 Brickmaker. 

46 Farmer. 

44 Parmer 

35 Physician. 

48 Minister. 

53 Farmer. 

26 Merchant. 

44 Farmer. 

68 Farmer. 



53 Physician. 

22 Lawyer. 

23 Clerk. 

24 Lawyer. 
23 Farmer. 
31 Clerk. 

45 Foundryman. 

63 Tanner. 

15 Student. 
15 Student. 
13 Student. 



Nativity. 

Virginia. 

Vii-niiiif.. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Ohio 

Pennsylvania 

Virginia. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 



District. Post-office. 



.Tefferson. 

Berkeley. 

Kanawha. 

Upshur. 

3d Del. Dist. 

Ritchie. 

Mancock. 

.Berkeley. 

1st Del. Dist. 

Marshall. 

.Marshall. 

1st Del. Dist 

Cabell. 

Boone. 

Preston. 



Kabletown. 

Shcpherdstown. 

Charleston. 

Buckhannon. 

Summersville. 

Pennsboro. 

New Cumberland. 

Martinsburg. 

Parkorsburg. 

Moui.dsville. 

Moundsvillo. 

Ben's Hun. 

Cabell C. H. 

Baldknob. 

Reedsville. 



Virginia. Upsher. Buckhannon. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Ohio. Buckhannon. 

Virginia. Fairmont. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Maryland Wheeling. 

Virginia. Berkeley Springs. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Shinnston. 

Virginia ,. Wheeling. 



THE FIFTH LEGISLATURE. 



(Convened at Wheeling, January 15, 1867. Adjourned, February 28, 1867.) 

Senators. 



John S. Burdett. 
James Burley. 
James Carskadon. 
Joseph A. Chapline. 
D. H. K. Dix. 
Abijah Dolly. 
Isaac H. Duvall. 
Dan. D. T. Farnsworth. 
Robert Hagar. 
Daniel Haymcnd. 
Joseph T. Hoke. 
Edward S. Mahon. 
Reuben Martin. 
Emmet J. O'Brien. 
William E. Stevenson. 
Greenbury Slack. 
Charles A. Thatcher.* 
Alstorphius Werninger. 
Andrew Wilson. 
Edward D. Wright. 
Samuel Young. 
William B. Zinn. 



48 Merchant. 
65 Farmer. 
47 Farmer. 
32 Lawyer. 
39 Minister. 

49 Farmer. 
42 Merchant. 
47 Farmer. 
f>'i' Minister. 
79 Parmer. 
31 Lawyer. 
51 Farmer. 
53 Farmer 

47 Mechanic. 

48 Farmer 
59 Farmer. 
57 Physician. 
61 Justice. 

56 Manufacturer 
56 Farmer. 
38 Minister. 
69 Farmer. 



Virginia. 


3d. 


Pruntytown. 


Virginia. 


2d. 


Moundsville. 


Virginia. 


10th 


New Creek. 


Virginia. 


nth. 


Shepherdstown. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Winfleld. 


Virginia. 


10th. 


Greenland. 


Virginia. 


1st. 


Wellsburg. 


New York. 


6th. 


Buckhannon. 


Virginia. 


8th. 


Newport. 


Virginia. 


4th. 


Federal Hill. 


Virginia. 


nth. 


Martinslnu'g. 


Maryland 


5 th. 


R.avenswood. 


Virginia. 


2d. 


Van Camp. 


Virginia. 


')th. 


Purnesvilje. 


Pennsylvania. 


5th. 


Parkersburg. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Kanawha C. H. 


New York. 


9th. 


Lewisburg. 


Virginia. 


4th. 


Clarksburg. 


Virginia. 


1st. 


Wheeling. 


Virginia. 


8th. 


Guyandotte. 


Virginia 


.0th. 


Edrav. 


Virginia. 


3d. 


Reedsville. 



*Charles A. Thatcher was elected at a special election held Fourth Thursday in 
May, 1866, in the Ninth District, to fill vacancy therein caused by Henry Mason 
Mathews' refusal to subscribe to the prescribed oath. 



234 



Akchives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. 



Age. 



William e. Stevenson^ 

President. 
Ellery R. Hall, 

Clerk. 
Edwin W. S. Mooke, 

Assistant Clerk. 
A. J. Clark, 

Committee Clerk. 
J. L. Gould, 

Committee Clerk. 
J. T. McKevitt, 

Committee Clerk. 
Alphbus D. Hagans, 

Sergeant-a t-arms. 
R. G. Mahon, 

Door-keeper. 
Thomas Whitten. 
Zer .T. Hagins. 

Pages. 



48 



21 



2U 



13 
15 



S. T. Ai-mstrong. 
Rhodes D. Ballard. 
Bphriam Bee. 
'.Tacob C. Beeson. 
.Tacob M. Bickel. 
navid Billmyer. 
Thomas Boggess. 
William I. Boreman. 
John Bowyer. 
Alplieus W. Brown. 
John W. Brown. 
Charles W. Burke 
Joseph F. Caldwell. 
John J. S. P. Carroll. 
Samuel Cooper. 
John W. CVacraft. 
r>avid Cunningham. 
Reuben Davisson. 
James H. Fergu.son. 
Solomon S. Fleming. 
Joseph H. Gibson. 
Nathan Goff, Jr. 
James Grose. 
George Harman. 
Thomas M. Harris. 
Francis Heermans. 
James H. Hibbets. 
Jonathin Hiser. 
N. N. Hoffman. 
,Tohn .Johnson. 
John Kellar. 
.John Kincaid, 
George Koonce. 
Daniel Lamb. 
John G. Lane. 
J. A. J. Lightburn. 
Thomas I^ittle. 
Marquis L. Lockhart. 
Andrew W. JIann. 
Thomas R Marsmann. 
Jacob McCarty. 
Abraham R. McQuilkin. 
Henry C. McWhorter. 
Fields F. Neel. 
John D. Payne. 
David S. Pinnell. 
Edward Smith. 
William Smith. 
William TL Snider. 
Samuel S. Spencer. 
Gustavus F. Taylor. 
Charles A. Yaughan 



OCCCPATIOX. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Clerk, 

Lawyer. 

Teacher. 

Farmer. 

Jloulder. 

Farmer. 
Student. 
Student. 



Nativity. 

Pennsylvania 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

New York. 

New York. 

New York. 
New York. 
New York. 



County, Post-office. 

5th. Parkersburg. 

.... Fairmont. 

.... Fairmont. 

.... Morgantown. 

.... Jjuckhannon. 

.... Shepherdstown. 

.... Brandonville. 

.... Cottageville. 

.... Wheeling. 

.... Biandonville. 



Delegates. 



25 Lawyer. 

61 Farmer 

64 Farmer. 

53 Merchant. 
50 Merchant. 

55 Farmer. 
37 Farmer. 
50 Lawyer. 

70 Farmer. 

43 Farmer. 
37 Farmer. 

44 Farmer. 

71 Physician. 
.37 Farmer. 
4(5 Merchant. 
•OS Lawyer, 
fj;^ Farmer. 

45 Farmer. 

49 Lawyer. 

54 Merchant. 

46 Merchant. 
25 Lawyer 
63 Farmer. 

35 Farmer. 
53 Editor. 

30 Merchant. 
28 Farmer. 

36 Farmer. 
40 Editor. 

50 Farmer. 

50 Farmer. 

56 Merchant. 
4S Merchant. 
.~>7 Lawyer. 

37 Lawyer, 
43 Miller. 
48 Farmer. 

31 Clerk. 
3.^ Farmer. 

43 Physician. 
45 Farmer. 
40 Merchant. 
30 Lawyer. 
rtCi Farmer. 
20 Farmer. 
r>4 Physician. 
71 Physician. 

47 Farmer. 

51 Farmer. 
45 Farmer. 
30 Lawyer. 

44 Farmer. 



Maryland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania, 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
s'irginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
England. 
Virginia. 
Virainia. 
Ohio. 

Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virsinia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Viriiinia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 



Marshall. 

Logan. 

Doddridge. 

Marion. 

.0-.10. 

Jefferson. 

Roane. 

Tyler. 

Putnam. 

Monongalia 

Ohio. 



Wayne. 

Hampshire. 

ivanawha. 

Alarion. 

Taylor. 

Cabell. 

Harrison. 

Preston. 

Harrison. 



Mouudsville. 

Bald Knob. 

Oxford. 

Fairmont. 

Wheeling. 

Shepherdstowu. 

Spencer. 

Middlobourue. 

Winfield. 

Andy. 

Elm Grove. 
5th Del. Dist. New Interest. 
Greenbrier. Lewisburg. 

Buffalo Shoals. 

Cacapon Bridge. 

Charleston. 

Mannington. 

Webster. 

Cabell. C. H. 

Shinnston. 

Brandonsville. 

Clarksburg. 
3d. Del. Dist. Cross Lanes. 
7th Del. Dist.Seymoursville. 
Ritchie. Ritchie C. H. 

Preston. Kinuvvood. 

Hancock. Wellsvillo. O. 
Pendleton. Brushy Run. 
Monongalia. Morgantown. 
Jackson. Sandyville. 

Barbour. Pleasant Creek. 

Fayette. Fayettoville. 

Jefferson. Harper's Ferry. 

Wheeling. 

Proctor. 

Jane Lew. 

Frenchville. 

Wirt C. H. 

Falling Spring. 

Dallas. 

4th Del. Dist. Mount Murphy. 
Berkeley. Shepherdstown. 

Kanawha. Charleston. 
Monroe. Indian Creek. 

6th Del. Dist.Peeryville. 
Upshur. Buckhannon. 

Brooke. Wellsbnrg. 

Berkeley. !Martinsburg. 
2d Del. Dist. Glenville. 
1st Del. Dist. Parkersburg. 
Braxton. Braxton. C. H. 

Slason. Upland. 



Ohio. 

Wetzel. 

Lewis. 

Mercer. 

Wirt. 

Greenbrier. 

Marshall. 



W08] 



The Legislature of West Virgixia. 



235 



Name. 
Wright Welton. 
Joseph S. Wheat. 
James A. Williamson. 
William Worliman. 

David S. Pinnbll^ 

Speaker. 
William P. Hubbaiid, 

Clerk. 
Andrew Johnson^ 

Assistant Clerk. 
S. G. W. Morrison^ 

8ergant-at-arms. 
Wesley Mollohan. 
Hugh Sterling. 
Van P. Hall. 
A. B. Rohrboiigh. 

Committee Clerks. 
John II. Charnocl?. 

Janitor. 
John W. Morrison. 
George W. Myers. 
John A. Fleming. 

Pafjcs. 



Age. Occupation. 
56 Farmer. 
64 Tanner. 
46 Physician. 
45 Farmer. 



54 Physician. 

23 Lawyer. 

24 Clerk. 

46 Iron Fd'r. 

25. Lawyer. 

24. Clerlv. 

32. Clerk. 

31. Editor. 

39. Bricklayer. 

16. Student. 

14. Student. 

16. Student. 



Nativity. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 



Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Maryland. 

Virginia. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 



District. Post-office. 
Mineral. Ridgoville. 

6th Del. Dist.Peeryville. 
1st Del. Dlst. Parkersburg. 
Boone. Bald Knob. 



Upshur. Buckhannou. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 

Kanawha C. II. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 

Buckhannon. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 

Shinnston. 



THE SIXTH LEGISLATURE. 



(Convened at Wheeling, January 21, IS 



Adjourned, March 5, 1868 ) 



Senators. 



Lewis Applegate. 60. 

William I. Boreman 51. 

James Burley. 66. 

James Carskadon. 4.S. 

Joseph A. Chapline. 33. 

D. H. K. Dix. 40. 

John Dawson. 64. 

Willis .T. Di'ummond. 29. 

Dan. D. T. Farnsworth. 48. 

Alfred Foster. 47. 

Joseph T. Hoke. 32. 

Alex R. Humphreys. -'7. 

Reuben Martin. 54. 

William Price. 63. 

Greenburv Slack. 60. 

William E. Stevenson. 49. 

Alstorphius Werninger. 62. 

Andrew Wilson. 57. 

William Workman. 46. 

Edward D. Wright. 57. 

Samuel Young. 39. 

William B. Zinn. 70. 

William E Stevenson, 

President. 49. 
Ellery R. Hall. 

Clerk. 33. 
EIdwini W. S. Moore. 

Assistant Clerk. 22. 

A. J. Clark. 26. 

L. R. Abbott. 22. 

Orlando Stevenson. 21. 

Edwin Frey. 29. 

Committee Clerks. 
Alpheus D. Hagans, 

Scrgeant-at-arms. 46 
R. G. Mahon, 

Door-keeper. 34. 



Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Minister. 

Farmer. 

]\Ierchant. 

Grazier. 

Merchant. 

Lawyer. 

Grazier. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

.Justice. 

Mnn'fr. 

Fa rmer. 

Fa rmer. 

Minister. 

Farmer. 



Farmer. 
Lawyer. 

Lawyer. 

Lawyer. 
Lawver. 
Student. 
Lawyer. 



Moulder. 
Farmer. 



Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

New York. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

A'irginia. 

Virginia. 



1st. Independence. Penn. 

4th. Middlebourne. 

2d. Moundsville. 

10th. New Creek. 

11th. Shepherdstown. 

7th. Winfleld. 

10th. Berkeley Springs. 

6th. BelingtoH. 

6th Buckhannon. 

5th. Newark. 

11th. Martinsburg. 

9th. Second Creek. 

2d. Van Camp. 

3d. Mooresville. 

7th. Charleston. 

5th. Parkersburg. 

4th. Clarksburg. 

1st. Wheeling. 

Sth. Bald Knob. 

Sth Guyandotte. 

9th. Edray. 

3d. Reedsville. 



Pennsylvania. 5th. Parkensburg. 

Virginia. Fairmont. 

Virginia. Fairmont. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Virginia. Fairmont. 

Pennsylvania Parkersburg. 

Switzerland Buckhannon. 

Virginia. Brandonville. 

Virginia. . Cottageville. 



236 



Abchives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. 
John H. Chai-nock, 

Janitor. 
Joseph S. Chapline. 
Thomas B. Witten, 



Age. Occupation. 

40. Bricklayer. 

13. Student. 

14. Student. 



Nativity. 

Virginia. 

Iowa. 

Virginia. 



CouNTi'. Post-office. 

Wheeling. 

Washington, D. C. 

AVheeling. 



William Adamson. 
.Toseph W. Allison. 
S. T. Armstrong. 
Henry Bender. 
David Billmyer. 
.Tacob B. Blair. 
Thomas Boggess. 
James V. Boughner. 
Eidmund H. Chambers 
Owen G. Chase. 
John L. Cole. 
William B. Crane. 
Reuben Davisson. 
James W. Dunnington. 
George Evans. 
Benjamin Fleming. 
SoJ'omon S. PlemSng. 
James H. Ferguson. 
John Ferguson. 
Nathan Goff, Jr. 
Samuel Gold. 
Adam Gregory. 
Robert Hager. 
Matthew K. Harrow. 
Francis Heermans. 
James Hervey. 
Ulysses Hinchman. 
Fenelon Howes. 
Alexander Huffman. 
Alexander M. Jacob. 
Noah James. 
John Largent. 
Edward S. Mahon. 
Andrew W. Mann. 
George W. Martin. 
James T. McClaskev. 
Henry C. McWhorter 
William W. Miller. 
John W. Morgan. 
Cyrus Newlin. 
Joseph W. Parker. 
David S. Pinnell. 
Henry W. Pope. 
William M. Powell. 
William C. Richmond. 
Eli Riddle. 
John Rufus Smith. 
.Tackson Spaulding. 
William S. Steere. 
William C. Stewart. 
Levi ,T. Tahler. 
William H. Tomlinson. 
William Waggv. 
William M. Welch. 
Asa W. Woodford. 



Delegates. 



Merchant. 

Machinist. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 
46. Lawyer. 
8. Farmer. 

Physician. 

Farmer. 

Physician. 

Surveyor. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 
55. Merchant. 
5o! Lawyer. 
60. Banker. 
26. Lawyer. 
35_ Farmer. 
37^ Minister. 
58'. Minister. 
42. Farmer. 
31.' Merchant. 
48. Lawyer. 

Physician. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Man'f'r. 

Farmer. 
20. Lawyer. 
iiS. Lawyer. 
55- Physician. 
33. Farmer. 

33. Farmer. 
44. Farmer. 
63. Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 
4.^. Farmer. 
'26. Lawyer. 

34. Farmer. 



56. 



60 
3!). 
72 
4.3.' 
46. 
41. 
52. 
34. 
57. 
51. 
31. 
30. 
53. 



30. 

V7 
30. 
48. 
35. 



Ireland. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 
Maryland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
A''irginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
MaFyland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 

Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 
Virginia. 



Pendleton. 

Hancock. 

Marshall. 

Braxton. 

Jefferson. 



Mouth of Seneca. 
Fairview. 
Mouudsville. 
Braxton C. H. 
Shepherdstown. 



1st Del. Dist. Parkersl)urg. 
Roane. Spencer. 

Monongalia Morgan town. 
Jefferson. Harper's Ferry. 

Putnam. Buffalo. 

Kanawha. Charleston. 

Preston. Portland. 
Taylor. Webster. 

5th Del. Dist. Beverly. 
Mercer. Concord Church. 

Marion. Fairmont. 

Harrison. Shinnston. 
Cabell. Cabell C. H. 

Marshall. Moundsville. 

Harrison. Clarksburg. 
Berkeley. Mill Creek. 



4th Del. Dist. Webster C. 
Boone. Newport. 



H. 



Fayette. 

Preston. 

Brooke. 

Logan. 

Barbour. 



Mt. Cove. 
Kingwood. 
Wellsburg. 
Rich Creek. 
Belington. 



2d Del. Dist. Grantsville. 
Ohio. Wheeling. 

Doddridge Centre Station. 
Hampshire. Pawpaw. 
.Tackson. Ravenswood. 

Greenbrier. Falling Springs. 
Marion. Mannington. 

Monongalia. Easton. 
Kanawha. Charleston. 
Ohio. Wheeling. 

Wetzel. Pine Grove. 

Monroe. Union. 

Ohio. Wheeling. 

Upshur. Buckhannon. 

7th Del. Dist. Luney's Creek. 
Tyler. Contreville. 

(■(h Del. Dist. Richmond's Palls. 
Ritchie. Pennsboro. 

Morgan. Berkeley Springs. 

Wayne. Cassville. 

1st Del. Dist. Bull Creek. 



Wirt. 

Berkele.v. 

Mason. 



Wirt C. H. 
Martinshurg. 
'oint Pleasant. 



."^d Del. Dist. Clay C. H. 
Mineral. New Creek. 



Lewis. 



Weston. 



Henry C. McWhorter, 

Speaker. 
William P. Hubbard^ 

Clerk. 
Andrew Johnson, 

Assistant Clerk. 
Geo H. Williams. 
Daniel K. Shields. 
Henry C. Showalter. 
Henry A. G. Ziegler. 
Committee Clerks. 



31. Lawyer. 

24. Lawyer. 

25. Clerk. 
00 

26. Iron F'dr. 
22. 

28. Carpenter. 
Clerk. 



Ohio. Kanawha. Charleston. 

AVheeling. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 

Wheeling. 

AVheeling. 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



237 



Name. 



Age. 



S. G. W. Morrison, 

Scrffcant-at-arms. 47. 
John Q. Bellville, 

Door-keeper. 48. 

Horatio D. McGeorge, 

Janitor. 57. 

George W. Myers, 15. 

Robert E. Ferguson. 13. 
George M. Pinnell. 18. 

Pages. 
John W. Morrison. 17. 

Fostmastcr. 



OcCDPATiON. Nativity. District. Post-office. 

Clerk. Triadelphia 

Lawyer. Morgantown. 

Editor. Philippi. 

Carpenter. Morgantown. 

Student. Wheeling. 

Student. Moundsvllle. 

Student. Buckhannon. 

Student. Wheeling. 



THE SEVENTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Wheeling, January 19, 1869. Adjourned March 4, 1869.) 



Senators. 



Lewis Applegate. 61. 

William 1. Bcreman 52. 

James Burley. 69. 

Joseph A. Chapline. 35. 

Jesse H. Gather. 48. 

D. H. K. Dix. 41. 

John Dawson. 65. 

Willis J. Drummond. 30. 

Henry G. Davis. 42. 

Ephraim Doolittle. 34. 

Dan. D. D. Farnsworth. 49. 

Alfred Foster. 48. 

Joseph T. Hoke. 33. 

Alex. R. Humphreys. 58. 

George K. Leonard. 53. 

William Price. 65. 

John M. Phelps. 48. 

Z. D. Ramsdell. 52. 

Alstorphius Werninger. 63, 

Andrew Wilson. 59. 

William Workman. 48. 

Samuel Young. 40. 



Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Minister. 

Farmer. 

Merchant. 

Merchant. 

Minister. 

Grazier. 

Merchant. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 

Minister. 

Man'f r. 

Justice. 

Lumber M'cht. 

Farmer. 

Minister. 



Dan. D. T. Farnsworth, 

President. 49. Grazier. 

Edward W. S. Moore, 

Cleric. 23. Lawyer. 



H. M. Cage, 

Assistant Clerk. 



23. Clerk. 



L. R. Abbott. 23. 

James E. Hooten. 30. 

Henry A. G. Zbigler. 29. 
Committee Clerks. 

Alphecs D. Hagans, 
Seryeant-at-arms 

Robert Hagar. 
Door-keeper, 

John H. Charnock, 

Janitor. 
Joseph S. Chapline. 
Willie A. Northcott. 
Henry Long. 

Pages. 



Lawyer. 
Lawj#r. 
Editor. 



47. Moulder. 
59. Minister. 



41. 
15. 
15. 
13. 



Bricklayer. 
Student. 
Student. 
Student. 



Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Maryland. 

Virginia. 

New York. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Maine. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 



New York. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Iowa 

Tennessee. 
Virginia. 



1st. Independence. Penn. 

4th. Middlebourne. 

2d. Moundsvllle. 

11th. Shepherdstown. 

3d. Flemington. 

7th. Winfield. 

10th. Berkeley Springs. 

6th. Belington. 

lOth. Piedmont. 

2d. Forksburg. 

(;th. Buckhannon. 

5th. Newark. 

11th. Martinsburg. 

9th. Union. 

5th. Parkersburg. 

3d. Mooresville. 

7th. Point Pleasant. 

8th. Ceredo. 

4th. Clarksburg. 

1st. Wheeling. 

8th. Bald Knob. 

9th. Edray. 



6th. Buckhannon. 

.... Fairmont. 

.... Martinsburg. 

.... Fairmont. 

.... Wheeling 

.... Philippi. 

.... Brandonville. 

.... Newport. 

.... Wheeling 

.... Snepherdstown. 

.... Clarksburg. 

.... Wheeling. 



Delegates. 



Joseph W. Allison. 
Rhodes D. Ballard. 
John Bowyer. 
George W. Carpenter. 



38. Machinist. 

63. Farmer. 

72. Farmer. 

42. Minister. 



Virginia. Hancock. Fairview. 

Virginia. Logan. Bald Knob. 

Virginia. Putnam. Winfield. 

Virginia. Greenbrier. Lewisburg. 



238 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. 
James Carpenter. 
John J. S. P. Carroll. 
Benjamin F. Charlton 
Andrew S. Core. 
Elias Cunningham. 
Reuben Davissou. 
Henry H. Dils. 
John W. Duffe.v. 
George Edwards. 
Solomon S. Fleming. 
William H. H.Flick. 
William M. French. 
Alpheus Garrison. 
Joseph H. Gibson. 
Samuel Gibson. 
Samuel Gold. 
Benjamin F. Harrison. 
INIatthew W. Harrison. 
Sidney Haymond. 
Francis Ileermans. 
James Hervey. 
Fenelon Howes. 
John A. Hutton. 
Alexander M. Jacob. 
John J. Jacob. 
John S. Keever. 
John Kincaid. 
Daniel Lamb. 
Edward S. Mahon. 
Thomas W. Manion. 
Andrew W. IMann. 
Ijewis A. Martin. 
.Tames T. INIcClaskey. 
Jacob J. Miller.* 
David S. Pinnell. 
William M. Powell. 
Thomas G. Putnam. 
John Reynolds. 
Barney J. Rollins. 
Owen G. Scofield. 
Charles W. Smith. 
John F. Smith.* 
John Rufns Smith. 
William H. Snider. 
Jesse F. Snodgrass. 
Louis C. Steifel. 
Levi J. Tabler. 
Richard Thomas. 
Calvin Tyson. 
John T. Vance. 
Isaac P. Williams. 
B. Willis Wilson.* 
William O. Wright. 

Sor.OMON S. Fleming, 

Speaker. 
William P. Hubbakd, 

Clerk. 
James M. Ewing, Jr., 
Edwin Fret. 
S. T. Armstrong, 

Assistant Clerks. 

J. W. DnNNINOTON. 

8ergcant-at-arms. 
John Q. Bellville, 

Door-keeper. 
H. D. McGeorge, 

Janitor. 
Henry C. Myers. 
Clay McClaskey. 
Samuel K. Logan. 

Pages. 



52. 
39. 
84. 
54. 
5U. 
47. 
60. 
58. 
45. 
56. 
27. 
50. 
35. 
48. 
47. 
36. 
*38. 
42. 

.so! 

33. 
40. 
40. 
61. 
44. 
30. 
37. 
58. 
.50. 



Ijl. 
56. 
34. 

30. 
40. 
48. 
3^. 
47. 



Occupation. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Surveyor. 
Merchant. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 

Merchant. 

Merchant. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Surveyor. 

Merchant. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

I'hysician. 

Merchant. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Minister. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Physician. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 

Editor. . 

Lawyer. 



40. 
53. 
40. 
30. 
40. 
65. 
44. 
33. 
36. 
27. 
31. 



Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Calico Pr. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 

Tjawyer. 

Merchant. 



56. :Merchant. 



Lawyer. 
Clerk. 
Lawyer. 
I awyer. 



Lawyer. 



4:'. Carpenter. 



Carpenter. 
Student. 
Student. 
Student. 



Nativity. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
. Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
.Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Maryland. 
Ireland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Maryland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
New York. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
New York. 
New York. 



County 
Monroe. 
Wayne. 
Marion. 
Ritchie. 
Braxton. 
Taylor. 
J St jijei. DlsT 



Post-office. 
Gap Mills. 
Buffalo Shoals. 
Mannington. 
Elleaboro. 
Bulltown. 
Webster. 
Parkersbmg, 



7th Del. Dist. Moorefield. 
Marshall. Moundsville. 



Harrison. 

Pendleton. 

Mercer. 

Monongalia. 

Preston. 



Shinnston. 
Franklin. 
Concord Church. 
Moorosville. 
Brandonville. 



Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 



4th Del. Dist. Frost. 
Berkeley. Mill Creek. 

Jefferson. Shepherdstown. 
Lewis. Weston. 

Harrison. Ouiet Dell. 
Preston. Kingwood. 

Brooke. Wellsliurg. 

Barbour. Bolington. 

5th Del. Dist. Hut^^onville 
Ohio. Wheeling. 

Hampshire. Romney. 
1st Del. Dist. Parl-orsbnrg. 
Fayetti' Fayottcville. 

■ Ohio. Wheeling. 

.Tackson. R.nv^^nswood. 

Wetzel. Burton. 

<jrnbr.& Mon. Falling Springs. 
Kanawlia. Charleston. 
Monongalia. Easton. 
.Teffprson. TCearneysville. 
TTpshur. Buckhannon. 

Tyler. Centreville. 

3d Del. Dist Nicholas. C. H. 
Marshall. Woodlands. 
Mason. 
Wirt. 
Kanawha. 

Morgan. 

2d Del. Dist. 

Doddridge. 

Ohio. 

Berkeley. 

Marion. 

Roane. 

Mineral. 

Boone. 

.Jefferson. 

Sth Del. Dist. 



Letart Falls. 
Wirt C. H. 
Charleston. 

Berkeley Springs. 

Glenville. 

Yeater's Mills. 

Wheeling. 

Martinsburg. 

Palatine. 

Spencer. 

New Creek. 

Peytona. 

Harpers Perry. 

Guyandotte. 



Virginia. Harrison. Shinnston. 

Virginia. * Wheeling. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Switzerland Wheeling. 

'>Iaryland Moundsville. 

Virginia. Ellenboro. 

Ohio. Wheeling. * 

New York. Moi'gantown. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Virginia. Fairmont. 

Pennsylvania Liverpool. 



Jacob J. IVIiller and .John F. Smith, of Jefferson county, successfully contested 
the seats of Ben.iamin F. Harrison and E. Willis Wilson, and were seated the 
former on the 29th of January, and the latter on the 1st of February ensuing 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



239 



THE EIGHTH LEGISLATURE. 

(Convened at Wheeling, January 18, 1870. Adjourned, March 4, 1870.) 

Senators. 



Najie. 
Lewis Applegate. 
^Villiam I. Boreman. 
John R. Brown. 
.Tames Gather. 
Jesse H. Gather. 
Mitchell Cook. 
William B. Grane. 
Henry G. Davis. 
Spencer Dayton. 
Ephraim Doolittle. 
Samuel Gold. 
George Harman. 
Alex. R. Humphreys, 
(ieorge Koonce. 
George K. Leonard. 
Spicer Patriclj. 
John M. Phelps. 
Z. D. Ramsdell. 
Alstorphius Werning 
Andrew Wilson. 
Samuel Young. 



Age. Occupation. 



62. 
.53. 
44. 
5.".. 

4n. 

52. 
45. 
44. 
49. 
35. 
37. 
41. 
50. 
52. 
54. 
74. 
49. 

er. 64: 
59. 
41. 



Farmer. 
Lawyer. 
Parmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Merchant. 
Lawyer. 
Minister. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Merchant. 
Merchant. 
Physician. 
Minister. 
Man'fr. 
.Trstice. 

Lumber Mch't. 
Minister. 



D. D. T. Farnsworth. 50. Grazier. 

President. 
Edwin W. S. Moore. 24. Lawyer. 

Clerk. 
Hexrt M. Cage. 24. Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 
James E. Hooton. 31. Lawyer. 

Leb R. Abbott. 24. Lawyer. 

Committee Clerks. 
William H. Collett. 20. INIerchant. 

Hergeunt-a t-arm s . 
JoNN H. Charnock. 45. Bricklayer. 

Door-keeper. 
Thomas P. Witten. 10. Student. 
Henry Long. 14. Student. 

Pages. 



Nativity. 
Virginia. 
Pennsylvania. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Mrginia. 
Maryland. 
Connecticut. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
New York. 

Virgiina. 

Maine. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 

New York. 

Virginia. 

Virginia 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 



District. Post-office. 

1st. Independence. Penn. 

4th. Middlebourne. 

2d. Hannibal, Ohio. 

5th. Glenville. 

3d. Flemington. 

8th. Rockview. 

3d. Portland. 

10th. Piedmont. 

6th. Philippi. 

2d. Moundsville. 

11th. Mill Creek. 

10th. Lunov's Creek. 

9th. Union. 

11th. Harper's Ferry. 

5th. Parkersburg. 

Tth. Kanawha C. H. 

7th. Point Pleasant. 

8th. Ceredo. 

4th. Clarksburg. 

1st. Wheeling. 

9th. Edray. 

6th. Buckhannon. 

.... Fairmont. 

.... Martinsburg. 

.... Cameron. 

.... Fairmont. 

.... Parkersburg. 

.... Wheeling. 

.... Wheeling. 

.... Wheeling. 



Delegates. 



.John R. M. Agnew. 
Asbury C. Baker. 
Benjamin F. Ballard. 
Rhodes D. Ballard. 
Nathan C. Barlow. 
George M. Belzhoo-\er. 
Jerome T. Bowyer. 
Henry Brannon. 
Goble G. Burgess. 
George T. Carpenter. 
Rufus A. Chambers. 
.John Collins. 
Elbridge G. Cracraft. 
John J. Davis. 
Reuben Davisson. 
Daniel Donehoo. 
George Evans. 
John Faris. 

Thomas G. Farnsworth. 
Charles B. Fisher. 
Richard A. Flanagan. 
William H. H. Flick. 
William Gandee. 
Nathan Goff, Sen. 
James Guthrie. 
Ferdinand R. Hassler. 



47. 


^Merchant. 


Virginia. 


IstDoLDlst. 


St. Maiy's. 


30. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Preston. 


Fellowsville. 


36. 


T^awyer. 


Virginia. 


Monroe 


Maple Lawn. 


04. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Logan. 


Raid Knob. 


40. 


Mechanic. 


Virginia. 


4th Del. Dist 


. Edray. 


2.5. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania 


. Jefferson. 


Shephcrdstown. 


28. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Putnam. 


Winfleld. 


32. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Lewis. 


Weston. 


37. 


Lawyer. 


Kentucky. 


Wayne 


Wayne C. H. 


43. 


Minister. 


Virginia. 


Grnbr.& Mon 


. Falling Springs. 


40. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Grnbr.&Mon 


. Peterstown. 


55. 


Merchant 


Pennsylvania. 


. Preston. 


P.ru.-eton Hills. 


23. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania. 


, Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


.34. 


liawyer. 


Virginia. 


Harrison. 


Clarksburg. 


4.0. 


li'armer. 


Virginia. 


Taylor. 


Web?ter. 


42. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania, 


. Hancock. 


Fairvicw. 


40. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


, Mercer 


Princeton. 


57. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Ohiix. 


West Liberty. 


33. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Upshur. 


Buckhannon. 


31. 


Clerk. 


Virginia. 


Wirt. 


Wirt C. H. 


63. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Fayett<! 


Fayotte C. IL 


28. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


Pendleton. 


Franklin 


56. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Roane. 


Walton. 


71. 


Banker. 


New York. 


Harrison. 


Clarksburg. 


.50. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Wetzel. 


Fanlight. 


32. 


Civil Engineer. 


New York. 


Jackson. 


Jackson C. IT. 



240 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. i 

James Hervey. 
Robert M. Hill. 
Hiram R. Howard. 
William R. Howe. 
James M. Jackson. 
Martin Judy. 
Daniel Lamb. 
John W. Lamon. 
George Lyncb. 
Rufus Maxwell. 
Alphcus McCoy. 
Francis W. Weadows. 
Jacob J. Miller. 
Floyd Neely. 
Francis H. Pierpont. 
Alfred H. Pownall. 
William Price. 
Thomas G. Putnam. 
Noah Rexroad. 
Jacob Ropp. 
James Scott. 
Benjamin H. Smith. 
George C. Sturgess. 
Albert B. Summers. 
Joseph Teter. 
E. C. Thomas. 
William M. Welch. 
Relman Wells. 
Joseph S. Wheat. 
John S. Wilkinson. 

William M. Welch. 29. Lawyer. 

William P. Hubbaed. 26. Lawyer. 

James M. Ewing, Je. 27. 
.Sdwin Frey. 3i 

"Edmund Shaw*. 
William I. Mathews.* 30. 

Assistant Clerk&, 
Db L. Davis. 30. House Joiner. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 
John Q. Belvillb. 43. Carpenter. 

Door-keeper. 
Thomas D. Campbell. 14. 
Simon P. Parker. 15. 

Irvin Ritzell. 18. 

Ellwood W. Shallcross 10. 

Pages. 



^GE 


. OCCDPATIOl 


>f. Nativity. 


50. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


36. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


27. 


Editor. 


Ohio. 


4.S. 


Merchant. 


Maryland. 


44. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


-Z'l. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


60. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania. 


43. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


56. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


41. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


30. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


41. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


53. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


46. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 




Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


40. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


6b. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania. 


81. 


Lawyer. 


New York. 


56. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


61. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


55. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


71. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


27. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


45. 


Physician. 


Virginia. 


41. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


8.^. 


Physician. 


Ohio. 


i!!). 


Lawyer. 


Marvland. 


84. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


67. 


Surveyor. 


Virginia. 


5!). 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 



DiSTEiCT. Post-office. 

Brooke. Wellsburg. 

Marion. Palatine. 

Mason. Point Pleasant 

Marshall. Rosby's Rock. 

IstDel. Dist. Parkersburg. 

7th Del. Dist. Mouses. 

Ohio. Wheeling". 

Berkeley. Mill Creek. 

2d Del. Dist. Arnoldsburg. 

5th Del. Dist. St. George. 

Braxton. Tate Creek 

Boone. Short Creek. 

Jefferson. Kearneysville. 

Doddridge. West Union. 

Marion. Fairmont. 

Hampshire. Ronniey. 

Monongalia. MooresVille 

3d Del. Dist. Nicholas C. H. 

?^itchie Ritchie C. H. 

Berkeley. Little Georgetown 

6th. Del. D. Table Rock. 

Kanawha. Kanawha C. H. 

.AIonon2:alia. .Alor^antown 

Kanawha. Kanawha C. H 
Belington 
Moniiilsvillo. 
New Creek 
Ben's Run 
Berkeley Springs. 



Barboiiiv 
Marshall. 
Mineral. 
Tyler. 

Morgan. _ ^^ „„. 

8th Del. Dist. Hamlin, Line. Co. 



Maryland. Mineral. 



New Creek. 



Clerk. 
Lawyer. 
Lawyer. 
Photographer. 



Student. 
Student. 
Student. 
Student. 



Virginia. Wheeling. 

Virginia. Wheeling. 

Switzerland BucLhannon. 

Marfir fsburg. 

Virginia Wheeling. 

Virginia. Parkersburg. 

Ohio. Whppling. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Maryland. 

Virginia. 



THE NINTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston, January 17, 1871. Adjourned, March 2, 1871.) 

Senators. 



Wm. A. Alexander. 


54. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Frazier"^ Bottom. 


Lewis Applegate. 


63. 


Farmer. 


Virs:inia. 


1st. 


Independence. Penn. 


Lewis Baker. 


.S8. 


Editor. 


Ohio. 


1st. 


Wheeling. 


William I. Boreman. 


54. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania. 


4th. 


Middlebourne. 


John R. Brown. 


4.^1. 


Farmer. 


Ohio. 


2d. 


Hannibal. Ohio. 


William C. Carper. 


44. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


6th. 


Buckhannon. 


James Gather. 


m. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


5th. 


Glenville. 


Mitchell Cook. 


53. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


8th. 


Rockview. 


William B. Crane. 


46. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


3d. 


Portland. 


Henrv G. Davis. 


4.5. 


Merchant. 


Maryland. 


10th. 


Piedmont. 


Spencer Dayton. 


50. 


Lawyer. 


ronnecticut. 


6th. 


Philippi. 


Samuel Gold. 


38. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


11th. 


Mill Creek. 



♦Resigned, and W. I. Mathews appointed in his place. 



190S] 



The Legislatlt.k of West Virginia. 



HI 



Najie. - 

<ieorge Ilarman. 
Alex. R. Humplireys. 
William B. Ice. 
Okey Johnson. 
Thomas B. Kline, 
(ieorge Koonce. 
Spicer Patrick. 
William Price. 
Charles V. Scott. 
.Tames Scott. 

T.EWis B.\KEn. 

Prcsidrut. 
Edwin W. S. Mooee^ • 

Clerk. 

A. W. KXOTTS, 

Assistant Clerk . 

K. A. CUNNIXGTTAM. 

V. D. Hickman. 

Committee Clerks. 
N. S. CLAr>K, 

Seryeant-ttt-anns. 
Bat.lakd Cook. 

Door-kccprr. 
K. Moore. 
<;. W. Englo. 
Alston Ct. Dayton. 

rntics. 



Benjamin F. Ballard. 

Robert G. Barr. 
Charles M. Bishop. 
.John Boggs. 
Henry Brannon. 
Hamilton P. Brown. 

I>pmuel Chenoweth. 

A. B. Clark. 
Elbridge G. Cracraft. 
Reuben Davisson. 
Daniel Donehoo. 
.Tohn Faris. 
.Tames 11. Ferguson. 

Pachard A. Flanagan. 
.Tohn Garrett. 
Isaac II. Griffin. 

Ferdinand R. Hassler. 
Francis W. Heiskell. 

.Tames Hervey. 
Charles Horner. 
.Tohn H. Hovermale. 
.Tames M. .Tackson. 
.Tohn P. .Tones. 
Wesley C. Keever. 
.Tohn W. Keys. 
Valentine Langfltt. 
Charles S. Lewis. 
.Tohn B. Lough. 
Brvon Love. 
William Lynch. 



licwis A. !Martin. 
John McCraw. 



Benjamin McGinnis. 



^GK. 


OccurATiox. 


Nativitv. 


CnuNTV. Post-office. 


42. 


Farmer. 


\'irginia. 


lOfh. 


Luney's Creek. 


60. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


9th. 


L'nion. 


lU. 


Farmer. 


^'irginin. 


2d. 


Barrackville. 




Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


5 til. 


Parkersburg. 


"■'0. 


Lawyer. 


Maryland. 


8th. 


Cabell C. H. 


5.-?. 


Merchant. 


Ohio. 


11th. 


Harper's Ferry. 


75. 


Physician. 


New York. 


7th. 


Kanawha C. H. 


GO. 


Farmer. 


I'ennsylvania 


3d. 


Mooresville. 




Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


4th. 


Ilarrisville. 


5"g'. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


9th. 


Table Rock. 


38. 


Editor. 


Ohio. 


1st. 


Wheeling. 


2.-;. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


9th. 


Fairmont. 


20. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 




Mannin.'jton. 


21. 


Clerk. 


Virginia. 




Mount Freedom.. 


46. 


Clerk. 


Virginia. 




West Union. 




Mechanic. 


Ohio. 




Parkersburg. 


30. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 




Rockview. 


17. 


Student. 


Virginia. 




Wheeling. 


L5. 


Student. 


Missouri. 




Kanawha C. H. 


13. 


Student. 


Virginia. 




Philippi. 




Delegates. 






37. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Greenbrier & Maple Lawn. 








ISIonrof 




30. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania, 


, Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


42. 


Merchant. 


^'irginia. 


Preston. 


Rowlesbur.g. 


56. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Pendleton. Mouth of Seneca. 


33. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Lewis. 


Weslon. 


60. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Greenbrier & 

Monroe. Franliford. 


59. 


Carriage Maker 


Virginia. 


Randolph 
Tucker 


Beverly. 


20. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Upshur. 


Bnckhannon. 


24. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


4ft. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Taylor 


Webster. 


43. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania 


Hanco'.'k. 


I''ai:-view. 


58. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Ohio. 


West Liberty. 


53. 


Lawyer. 


Vfrginia. 


Lincoln & 








Cabell. 


Cabell C. II. 


64. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Fayette 


Fayette C. H. 


65. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Logan. 


Chapmansville. 


32. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Poc.ihontas & 








Webste 


r. Webster C. H. 


34. 


Civil Engineer. 


New York. 


Jackson. 


Jackson C. H. 


40. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Hampshire Pawpaw, Mor- 










gan County. 


54. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


Brooke. 


Wellsharg. 


50. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Wetzel. 


Burton. 


43. 


Mechanic. 


Virginia. 


Morgan 


Berkeley Springs. 


45. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Wood. 


P.arkersburg. 


3S. 


Merchant. 


England. 


Preston . 


Fortl.Tud. 


30. 


Physician. 


Ohio. 


Wood. 


Bell\il!.'. 


4'2. 


Plasterer. 


Virginia. 


Mineral. 


Piedmont. 


38. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Doddridg 


e. Lon.g Run. 


50. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Harrison. 


Clarksburg. 


58. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Monongal 


ia. Arnettsville. 


35. 


Farmer. 


A'irginia. 


Barboui. 


Peel Tree. 


53. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Calhoun 
Gilmer, 
Dis. 


& 

Del. Glenville. Gil- 
mer County. 


.32. 


Lawyer. 


Vir.ginia. 


Kanawha 


Charleston. 


44! 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Ral., Wyom., 
ISIcDowell, Joel's Branch, 








Del Dis, 


W.voming Co. 


35. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania 


, Ritchie. 


F.Ilenboro. 



•241 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. Age. 


Occupation. 


Nativity. 


County. 


Post-office. 


James L. McLean. 


37. 


Lawyer. 


New Jersey 


Putnam 


Winnold. 


Wm. R. McDonald. 


58. 


Engineer. 


Virginia. 


Marshall. 


Cameron. 


Francis AV. Meadows. 


42. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Boone. 


Short Creek. 


.James Morrow, Jr.* 


34. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Mai-ion 


Fairmont. 


Moses C. Nadenbousch. 


43. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Berkeley. 


lledgesville. 


James L. Nelson. 


52. 


Dentist. 


Virginia. 


Greenbrier & 










Monroe, 


Lewisburg, 










Del. Dis. 


Greenbrier Co. 


Lewis S. Newman. 


31. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Marshall. 


IMoundsville. 


Alplieus Pritchard. 


4.S. 


Lumber Mer. 


Virginia. 


Marion. 


IMannington. 


Wm. D. Rollyson. 


32. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Braxtou. 


Salt Li;k Bridge. 


William Siiannon. 


38. 


Farmer. 


Kentucky. 


Wavhe. 


Wayne C. H. 


Samuel ISheppard. 


08. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Wirt. 


Zacksville. 


David Simmons. 


34. 


Farmer. 


A irginia. 


Roane. 


Spencer. 


A. W. Smitli. 


51. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Grant & 
Hardy, Del 
Dis. 


. Greeiiland, Grant 
County. 


Antliony Smith. 


27. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Tyler. 


Wick, Tyler Co. 


Jolin A. Stellley. 


48.' 


riiysician. 


I'ennsy Ivania 


. Berlvelev. 


Fallings Waters. 


Benj. L. Stephenson. 








. Clay & Nich- 










olas. 


Clay C. H. 


r. E. Stiibbs. 


2."i. 


Attorney. 


Pennsylvania, 


. .T?fferson. 


Shepherdstown. 


George C. Sturgiss. 


2S. 


Attorney. 


Ohio. 


Monongalia. 


Morgantown. 


Sylvester Upton. 


.IS. 


Farmer. 


■\ irginia. 


Mercer. 


Jumping Branch. 


William H. Webster. 


3.~>. 


:\Ianufactnrer. 


^ticliigan. 


]Mason. 


Green Bottom. 


Tliomas J. West. 


35. 


I'armer. 


Virginia. 


Harrison. 


West Milford. 


K. Willis Wilson. 


l'(«. 


T>a\vyer. 


Virginia. 


Jefferson. 


Harper's Ferry. 


Benjamin F. Wyatt. 


40. 


F;u-mcr. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Cliarieston. 


Elbeidgb G. Ce.\craft 












Spealccr. 


'24. 


Lawyer. 


Pennsylvania Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


Wir.LIAM T. BrRDETT, 








> 




Cleric. 


03 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Charleston. 


'Georgh Cozad. 


28. 


y^awyer. 


Ohio. 


Lewis. 


Weston. 


J. Bern.\rd Teytox. 


35. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Greenbrier. 


White Snip. Spr 


p. B. Duffy. 


33. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Braxton. 


Sutton. 


Committee Clerks 












H. R. Howard. 




Editor. 


Ohio. 


Mason. 


Point Pleasant. 


A. G. TiBBITS. 


30. 


Lawyer. 


N. H. 


Monroe. 


T'nion. 


C. B. Webb. 


45. 


Editor. 


Massachusetts. Waync^. 


Ceredo. 


Assistant Clerics. 












John W. Horner. 


53. 


Lawyer. 


V^irginia. 


Wood. 


Parkersburg. 


8ergeant-at-arms. 












Albert G. Davis, 








] 




Jarvitor. 


50. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Marion. 


Rivesville. 


0. P. H. Washburne, 












Door-Jceeper. 


40. 


Stone Cutter. 


Ohio. 


Lewis. 


Weston. 


"E. W. Shallcross. 


18. 


Student. 


Virginia. 


Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


T. D. Campbell. 


15. 


. Student. 


Virginia. 


Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


D. W. Beach. 


17. 


Student. 


V'irginia. 


Kanawha. 


Charleston. 


E. M. Estill. 


18. 


Student. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Charleston. 


Pages. 








• 





THE TENTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston, January 16, 1872. Adjourned February 29, 1872.) 



Wm. A. Alexander. 
M. B. Armstrong. 
Lewis Baker. 
George A. Blakemore. 
William C. Carper. 
Jesse H. Gather. 
John A. Cunningham. 
Samuel Gold. 







Sen 


ATORS. 


55. 


Farmer. 




Virginia. 


.')3. 


Farmer. 




Virginia. 


89. 


Editor 




Ohio. 


38. 


J.awyer 




Virginia. 


45. 


J-awyer. 




Mr^inia. 


bl. 


I'armec 




Virginia 


40. 


Boatman. 




Virginia. 


3U. 


r-armei' 




Virginia. 



7th. Frazier's Bottom. 
5th. Reedyville. 
1st. Wheeling. 
10th. Franklin. 
0th. Buckhannon. 
3d. Flemington. 
1st. New Cumberland. 
11th. Mill Creek. 

*At the election held in Marion county for members of the House for this ses- 
sion, James Morrow, Jr.. and Joseph B. Nay received the same number of votes^- 
•each 1,123. January 17th the House by a vote of 38 yeas to 13 navs gave the seat 
to Morrow. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West VmcixiA. 



243 



Name. 
M. R. Hereford. 
William B. Ice. 
Thomas B. Kline. 
John W. Morgan. 
George H. Morrison 
Andrew J. Pannell.* 
Robert Patterson. 
William Price. 
Preston Pew. 
Charles F. Scott. 
James Scott. 
Robert B. Sherrard. 
■Carlos A. Sperry. 
Joel E. Stollings. 
E. Willis Wilscn. 



Age. Occupatiox. 
47. Physician. 
62. Farmei. 
30. Lawyer 
57. Farmer 
33. Lawyer 
. . Lawyer. 
54. 1-awyer. 
67. Farmer. 
50. Trader. 
32. Lawyer. 
56. Farmer. 
54. Farmer. 
38. Lawyer. 
37. Lawyer. 
27. Lawyer. 



Carlos A. Sperky, 

President. 
Joseph S. Miller^ 

Clerk. 
A. W. Knotts, 

Assistant Clerk, 
E. A. Cunningham. 

P. B. DCFFT. 

T. H. Perciv.\l. 

Committee Clerks. 

N. S. Clark, 

Seryeant-at-arms. 

Augustus Ball, 
Door-keeper. 

E. Moore. 
Alston G. Dayton. 



38. 

38. Lawyer. 

23. Lawyer. 

27. Merchant. 
22. Clerk. 
33. Merchant. 



. . Mpcl>anic 

54. Farmer 

17. Jitiident. 

14. Student. 



Nativity. 
Virginia. 
Virginia 
Maryland. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohif.. 

Pennsylvania. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
\ irginia 
A'irf'.inia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 



Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 



District. Post-office. 



Ohio. 

\irgini.T. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 

Delegates. 



7th. 

2d. 

8th. 

2d. 

6th. 

1st. 

4th. 

3d. 

5th. 

4th 

9th. 
10th. 

9th. 

8th. 
11th. 



H. 



Nicholas C. H. 
Barracksville. 
Cabell C. II. 
Pine Grove. 
Braxton C. 
Wheeling. 
St. Mary's. 
Mooresville. 
Glenville. 
Harrisville, 
Table Rock. 
Moorefield. 
Lewisburg. 
Boone C. H. 
Harper's Ferry. 



9th. Lewisburg. 

Cabell C. H. 

. . . . Mannington. 
. . . . Mt. Freedom. 
Braxton C. H. 



Parkersburg. 

Boone C. 11. 

Whoeliug. 

Phillipi. 



Name. 
Robert G. Barr. 
William C. Barclay. 
William. G. Bennett. 

George W. Bier. 
Charles M. Bishop. 
Wm. L. Bridges. 
John A. Campbell. 
A. Nelson Campbell. 
S. M. Cornwell. 
G. F Cross. 
John Dawson. 
Trueman Elliott. 
Isaac L. Enoch. 
William Fisher. 

A. Brooks Fleming. 
John W. Orantham. 
Henry Harrison. 
Henry T. Hughes. 
John A. Hutton. 
.John P. Jones. 
Oordon L. Jordon. 
Absolom Knotts.* 

Valentine Langfitt. 
Albert A. Lewis. 
John D. Lewis. 
John M. Lighter. 
John B. Lough. 
James L. Mauzy. 
Thomas E. McCoole. 
Albert F. McCown. 
John J. McComas. 
Thomas E. McKennan. 
James H. Miller. 
John Monroe. 



Age. Occupation. 
31. Lawyer. 
44. Merchant. 
42. Farmer. 



59. 
44. 
39. 
29. 
29. 
47. 
36. 
68. 
61. 
30. 
49. 



40. 
42. 
64. 
39. 
59. 
41. 

38. 
45. 
71. 
.39. 
59. 
56. 
42. 
40. 
56. 



Merchant. 

Merchant. 

Lawyer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Comr'l. Ag't. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 

Surveyor. 

Farmer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

^Merchant. 

Farmer. 

T/awyor. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Merchant. 

Farmer. 



Nativitv. 
Pennsylvania. 
Kentucky. 
Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
England. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 



CouNTr. 
Ohio. 
Brooke. 
Calhoun & 

Gilmer. 
Marshall. 
Preston. 
Mercer. 
Hancock. 
Monroe. 
Barbour. 
Jefforson. 
Morgan. 
Harrison. 
Wirt. 
Grant & 

Hardy. 
IMarion. 
.Tefforson. 
McDowell. 
Roane. 
Randolph. 
Preston. 
Summers. 
Calhoun & 
Ritchie 
Doddridge. 
Lewis. 
Kanawha. 
Pocahontas. 
TvIonouR'alia 
Pendleton. 
Mineral. 
Mason. 
Lincoln. 
Ohio. 
Fayette 
Hampshire. 



Post-office. 
Wheeling. 
Wellsburg. 

Grantsville. 
Moundsville. 
Rowlesburg. 
Bethel. 

New Cumberland. 
Union. 
Evansville. 
Harper's Ferry. 
Berkpli'y Springs. 
Wilsonburg. 
Newark 

Moorefield. 
Fairmont. 
Middleway. 
McDowell C. n. 
Spencer C. H. 
Hutronsville. 
Portland. 
Jordon's Chapel. 

Minora. 

Long Run. 

Weston. 
Kanawha Salines. 

Huntersville. 
. .Arnettsx ille. 

Franklin. 

New Creek. 

Hartford City. 

Fall's Mills. 

Wheeling. 

Oauley Bridge. 

Capon Bridge. 



tfAndrew J. Pannell to fill vacancy caused by the resignation of M. F. Hullihen. 



244 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. - 


Vgb. 


Occupation. 


Nativity. 


County. 


Post-office. 


Elijah Morgan. 


70. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Wetzel. 


Porter's Ferry. 


Moses C. Nadenbousch. 


44. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Berkeley. 


IlediTcsville. 


James M. Nash. 


~>i'<. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


I'utnam. 


Buffalo. 


John C. Parker. 


47. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Tyl.'r. 


Grandville 


Alex M. Poundstone. 


?,C). 


Lawyer. 


I'ennsylvania, 


, Gilmer. 


Grantsville. 


Wm. O. Bennett. 


4-2. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Upshur. 


Buckhannon. 


Alphens Prichard. 
Felix Prunty. 


49. 
55. 


Farmer. 
Farmer. 


Virginia. 


]\Iarion. 




Virginia. 


Kitchie. 


Oxford. 


Antlionv Kador. 


01. 


Physician. 


Virginia. 


Nicholas. 


Summersville. 


E. 11. llluh'i: 


~>'2. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


.laciison. 


.rackson C. H. 


Janice Kniiinsnn. 


U(j. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Ohio. 


Valley Grove. 


Williamm I). Rollyson 




Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Braxton. 


Salt Lick Bridge. 


.Tames Uuckman. 


02. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Pleasants. 


Willow Island. 


James H. Sidebottom. 


04. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Boone. 


Booae C. II. 


John W. Stout. 


47. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Wood. 


Lubeck. 


George C. Sturgiss. 


29. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


.\Ion(inu:alia 


Moraanrov.n. 


Albert E. Summers. 


47. 


Physician. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H 


John M. Thayer. 


53. 


Farmer. 


Virgiina. 


Tavlor 


Grj'.rioa 


James Taylor. 


54. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Calhoun & 
Ritchie. 


IMinora. 


Thomas J. West. 


39. 


Farmer. 


Virgiina. 


iTarrisoi) 


West ISIilfoid. 


Wm. E. Wilkinson. 


80. 


Blacksmith. 


Virginia. 


Wayne. 


Wayne C. H. 


George W. Williams. 




Law.ver. 


Virginia. 


Greenbrier. 


Fran ford. 


Henrv S. White". 




Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Marshall. 


Bellton. 


H. S. White. 


45. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


?^ogan. 


Logan C. II. 


Albekt E. Summers^ 












Spca/icr, 


47. 


Physician. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


3vanawha C. H. 


J. Beknaiid PeYTO-N, 












Clerk, 




Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Charleston. 


George Cozad. 


28. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


Lewis. 


Weston. 


Edward L. Wood. 




Student. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Chaileston. 


E. G. Ai>burtis. 




Clerk. 


Virginia. 


Berkeley. 


.Martinsburg. 


Assistant Clerics. 












A. M. Campbell. 


21. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Roane. 


Spencer. 


A. (5. TiBBETTS. 


31. 


Lawyer. 


N. H. 


Monroe. 


Union. 


S. A. Morgan. 


30. 




Virginia. 


Marion. 


Rivesville. 


Committee Cleil;s. 












John W. Horner, 












Ser(/cant-at-arms. 


54. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Wood. 


Parkersbiirg. 


L. H. Campbell, 












Door-keeper. 


30. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Gilmer. 


Glenville. 


Patrick II. Dai ley, 












Janitor. 


59. 


Private. 


Ireland. 


Wirt. 


Elizabfvh. 


George Calvert Lewis. 




Student. 


Virginia. 


Harrison. 


Clarksburg. 


D. W. Beach. 




Student. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Charleston. 


E. M. Estill. 




Student. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Charleston. 


Pages. 













THE ELEVENTH LEGISLATURE. 

(Convened at Charleston, November 19, 1872; adjourned April 7, 1873. > 
(Re-assembled September 20, 1873; adjourned December 22, 1873.) 



.Jonathan M. Bennett. 
Charles M. Bishop. 
George A. Bakemore. 
Charles T. Caldwell. 
Gideon D. Camden. 
John A. Cunningham.* 
Hudson M. Fiickinson. 
Presley C. Eastham. 
John W. Grantham. 
R. C. Guston. 
J. L. Hall. 
Septimius Hall. 
Daniel D. Johnson. 
Alexander M. Jacob. 
J. T. McClaskey. 
Isaac E. McDonald. 



50. Law.ver. 
45. Merchant, 
34. Lawyer 
25. l.av^ver. 
00. Lawyer 
41. Boatman. 
07. I ar)ner 
53. Farmer 
5.3. Merchant 
40. Lawyer 
27. Lawyer. 
25. Lawyer. 
37. Lawyer. 
48. I'^arnier 
50. Farmer. 
34. Grazier. 



Senators. 






Virginia. 


9th. 


Weston. 


Virginia. 


1 0th, 


Kingwood. 


Virginia. 


11th. 


Franklin. 


Ohio. 


4th. 


Wirt C. H. 


Virginia 


3d. 


Clarksburg. 


Virginia. 


1st. 


New Cumberland. 


Virffinia. 


8th. 


Fayetteville. 


\irginia. 


5th. 


Point Pleasant. 


Virginia. 


12th. 


Middleway. 


\irg:nia. 


12th. 


Berkeley Springs. 


Virginia. 


9th. 


Philippi. 


Virginia. 


2d. 


New Martinsville. 


Virginia. 


4th. 


Long Reach. 


Virginia. 


1st. 


Wheeling. 


Maryland. 


10th. 


Easton. 


Virginia. 


7th. 


Wyoming C. H. 



*The seat of Andrew J. Pannell of Ohio county was successfully contested by- 
John A. Cunningham, who qualified December 11, 1872. 



1908] 



The Legislatuke of West Virginia. 



245 



Name. Age. 

Bushrod W. Price. 64. 

Charles F. Scott. 34. 

Winston Shelton. ^7. 

Robert B. Sherrard. 55. 

Albert E. Summers. 48. 

Elliott Vawter. 60. 

<5eorge J. Walker. 43. 
William E. Wilkinson. 32. 



Daniel D. Johnson. 
President. 

Joseph S. Miller. 

Clerk. 
William T. Buedett. 

Assistant Clerk. ' 
■c. II. Hodgson. 
I.oiis Benneit. 

E. A. Cunningham. 

Committee Clerks. 
N. S. Clahk. 

Sergcant-at-arms. 
John D. Alderson. 

Door-keeper. 
S. li. Reger. 
ruUer Hardwicke. 

Pages. 

F. P. Roach. 

Messenger. 



Occupation. 
I'^ai'inpr 
Lawyer. 
Parmer. 
Farmer 
Physician. 
Surveyor, 
Lawyer 
Blacksmith. 



37. Lawyer. 

24. Lawyer. 

25. Lawyer. 

. . Editor. 

23. Lawyer. 

24. Clerk. 

. . Mechanic. 
18. Student. 

17. Student. 
16. Printer. 

16 



Nativity. 
Virginia 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virpinia. 
England. 
\irginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

Virginia. 

Virginia 

Ohio 
Virginia. 

Virginia. 
Virginia. 

Virginia. 



County. Post-office. 

2d. Moundsville. 
3d. Harrisville. 

6th. Kesslers Cr's Lanes. 

11th. Moorfleld. 

6th. Kanawha C. H. 

8th. Union. 

5th. Jackson C. H. 

7th. Wayne C. H. 

4th. Long Reach. 

Cabell C. H. 

.... Kanawha C. H. 

.... Berkeley Springs. 

.... Weston. 

.... Mt. Fredom. 

.... Parkersburg. 
Nicholas C. H. 

.... Philippi. 

.... Kanawha C H. 

.... Wyoming C. IT. 



Delegates. 



A. O. Baker. 

A. .1. Barrett. 
Thomas A. Bradford. 
Isaac J. Ellison.* 
William G. Brown. 
Lewis Bumgardner. 
R. Hume Butcher. 
John A. Campbell. 

P.. P. Clendenin. 
lyeroy Cofran. 
f Joorge Crow. 
George O. Davenport. 
M. W. Davis. 
George Deaver, Jr. 
Thomas G. Farnsworth. 
Joseph JNI. F^prguson. 
William Fisher. 
Eli Fleming. 
Jesse Flowers. 

B. H. Folev. 
George R. C. Floyd. 
M. Gwinn. 

,Tohn Hinchman. 
.Tohn Ilindman. 
Madison Ilivel.v. 
William TT. Hudson. 
Andrew J. Pannell.t 
.Tm-oh F Jolinson. 
C'Trles K.Tntner. 
Absalom Knotts.ft 
A. W. Knotts. 
William S. Laldley. 
(Joorge W. Legg. 
.A Ibert A. Lewis. 
William W. Miller. 
Samuel McMillan. 
James H. Miller. 
Robert >[onroe. 
George II. Morrison. 
William H. Potter. 



Merchant. 

Farmer. 

l^awyer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

)jaw.\er 

Lawyer. 

Farmer 

Manufacturer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer 

Physician. 

j>fprchant. 

Farmer 

Merch.mt. 

Physician. 

Farmer. 

Farmer 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Miller. 

Farmer. 

Carpenter. 

Physician. 

Farmer. 

IMannfacturer. 

T :iwyci 

Merchant. 

Lawver. 

Artist. 

Merchant. 

Civil Engineer. 

I'armor 

.Merchant. 

Farmer 

Law.ver. 

Teacher. 



Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

N. Hampshire 

Pennsylvania. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

A"irginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

^[aryland. 

Virginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Viralnia 

■\'irginia. 

Virginia 

Virgini.n 

Virginia. 



Marshall. 

Lincoln. 

Barbour. 

Mercer. 

Preston. 

Mason. 

•Jefferson. 

Hancock. 

Boone. 

.Taylor. 

Jackson. 

Ohio. 

Harrison. 

Hampshire 

Upshur. 

Wayne. 

Hardy. 

Berkeley. 

Marion. 

Wood. 

Logan. 

Summers. 

Monroe. 

Brooke. 

Roane. 

Kanawha. 

Ohio. 

Pendleton. 

Preston. 

Calhoun. 

Marion 

Kanawha. 

Berkeley. 

Lewis. 

Ohio. 

Doddridge. 

Fayette 

Wirt. 

Braxton. 

Morgan 



Moundsville. 
Hamlin. 
Philippi. 
Spanishburg. 
Kingwood. 
Hartford City. 
Rippon. 

New Cumberland. 
Mouth Sh. Creek. 
Grafton. 
Angerona. 
Wheeling. 
Cherry Camp. 
North R. Mills. 
Buckhannon. 
Wayne C. H. 
Moorefield. 
Little Georget'n. 
Mannington. 
Parkersburg. 
Logan C. H. 
Green Sulphur S. 
Egypt. 

Hollidav's Cove. 
Walton.' 
Paint Creek. 
Wheeling. 
Franklin. 
Brueeton Mills. 
Minora. 
Mannington. 
Kanawha C. H. 
Mill Creek. 
Weston. 
Wheeling. 
West Union. 
Gauley Bridge. 
Burning Springs. 
Braxton C. H. 
Sleepy Creek. 



ttAlisnlom Knotts, of the Second Delegate District, successfully contested the seat 
of .\. S. Price, and qualified November 26, 1S72. 

*Isaac J. Ellison, of Mercer county, took his seat in the Adjourned Session 
October 20. 1873, as the successor ef William L. Bridges, resigned. 



246 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. 


Age. 


Occupation. 


Nativity. 


District. 


Post-office. 


AVilliam Price. 


68. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvania 


. Monongalia. 


Mooresville. 


William Prince. 


54. 


Farmer. 


Pennsylvanii 


Raleigh. 


Raleigh C. H. 


John M. Reynolds. 


37. 


.Millwright. 


Virginia. 


Mason. 


Point Pleasant. 


James Robinson. 


61. 


Farmer 


Virginia. 


Ohio. 


Valley Grove. 


Thomas E. Rogers. 


25. 


Lumber Detiler. 


New. Jersey. 


Kanawha. 


KanKwha C IT. 


James Ruckman. 


G'.',. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Pleasants. 


Willow Island. 


J. W. Shirley. 


35. 


Farmer. 


Virginia 


Jefferson. 


Smithfield. 


Booker Short. 


.35. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Wyoming. 


Pond River. 


Anthony Smith. 


28. 


Farmer 


Pennsylvania 


. Tyler. 


Wick. 


William' H. Snider. 


56. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Gilmer. 


Glenville. 


Joseph Snyder. 


47. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Monon.galia, 


, Easton. 


Thomas S. Spates. 


50. 


.Merchant. 


Mar.vland. 


Harrison. 


Clarksburg. 


T. M. Stone. 


32. 


Merchant. 


Ohio. 


Wetzel. 


Pine Grcve. 


John W. Stout. 


48. 


Farmei . 


Vii'ginia. 


^Vood. 


Lubeck. 


John Taylor. 


66. 


Farmer 


Virginia. 


Randolph. 


Leedsvllle. 


James Taylor. 


54. 


.Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Ritchie 


Cornwallis. 


John M. Thayer. 


54. 


Farmep. 


Massach\isetts.Taylor. 


Grafton. 


John J. Thompson. 


64. 


Physicion. 


Virsrinia. 


Putnam. 


Raymond City. 


M. C. Totten. 


36 


Broker. 


Maryland. 


Mineral. 


Piedmont. 


Marshall Triplett. 


62. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Webster. 


Welsh (ilades. 


B. C. Vinson. 


33. 


Physician. 


Tennessee. 


Cabell. 


Mud Bridge. 


Edward F. Vossler. 


48. 


Farmer. 


Germany. 


Grant. 


Grant C. H. 


Henry S. White. 


32. 


IiTerchant. 


Virginia. 


Marshall. 


Belton. 


James Withrow. 


54. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Greenbrier. 


Lewisburg. 


William J. Woodell. 


49. 


Merchant. 


Virginia 


Pocahontas 


Greenbank. 


W. W. MiLI.ER. 


34. 


Civil Engineer. 


M'.-ginia. 


Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


Speaker. 












J. Bernard Peyton, 


37. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Greenbrier. 


Kanawha C. II. 


Clerk. 












Joseph Ruffner. 


24. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


E. G. Alburtis. 


56. 


Clerk. 


Virginia. 


Berkeley. 


Martinsburg. 


E. L. Wood. 


27. 


Student. 


Virginia. 


1-Ianawha. 


Kannwha C. 11. 


J. M. SCROGIN. 


46. 


Printer 


Virginia. 


Taylor. 


Fetterman. 


Assistant Clerks. 












H. R. Howard. 


30. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


Mason. 


Point Pleasant. 


William M. Patton. 


45. 


Farmei'. 


Virginia. 


Harrison 


Romine's Mills. 


Patrick B. Duffy. t 


35. 


Merchant. 


Virginia. 


Braxton . 


Sutton. 


George J. Wetzel. 


36. 


Carpenter. 


Virginia. 


Wirt. 


Burning Springs-. 


J. Speed Thompson. 


26. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Summers. 


Hinton. 


Gibson J. Butcher. § 


49. 


1/awyer. 


Virginia 


Lewis. 


Weston. 


Committee Clerks 












John W. Horner 


55. 


Lawyer. 


Virginia. 


Wood. 


Parkersburg 


8ergeant-at-arms. 












S. H. Campbell. 


40. 


Farmer. 


Virginia. 


Gilmer. 


Glenville. 


Door-keeper. 












E. M. Estill. 


20. 


Carpenter. 


\irginia. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H^ 


D. W. Beach. 


19. 


Painter 


Virginia 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


Frank Cox. 


•• 


Student. 


Virginia. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C H. 


Pages. 
Patrick H. Dailey. 


54. 


Private. 


Ireland. 


Ivanawha. 


Kamwha C II. 


Janitor. 













THE TWELTH LEGISLATURE. 

(Convened at Cliaiieston, January 13, 1875; Adjourned February 2G, 1875.) 

(Re-assembled at Wheeling November 10, 1875; Adjourned, December 23, 

ensuing.) 



Senators. 



XL N. Arnelt. 
Jonathan M. Bennett. 



2d. 
9th. 



Mai-ion 
Lewis. 



Fairmont. 
Weston. 



^Patrick B. Duffy died February 21, 1873, and Gibson L. Butcher was appointecE 
in his place. 

^Appointed in place of Patrick P.. Duffy, deceased. January 23, 1873. 



19081 



TuE Legislatuke of West Vikcixia. 



247 



Xamf,. 
Ralph L. Berkshire. 
Charles M. Bishop. 
Will. T. Burdett. 
Alfred Caldwell.* 
Oideon D. Camden. 
William C. Clayton. 
.Tohn Cimninghnm. 
Hobert F. Dennis. 
Hudson M. Dickinscn. 
Presley C. Eastham. 
Thomas Ferrell. 
Moses S. Grantham. 
R. C. Glisten. 
David Goff. 
Daniel D. Johnson. 
George Loom is. 
Isaac E. McDonald. 
Ira .1. McGinnis. 
Andrew .J. Pannell.* 
Bushrod M'. Price. 
Charles F. Scott. 
Winston Shelton. , 
Robert B. Sherra'rd. 

Daniel D. Johnson, 
Prcsidcn t. 

JOSEni S. MlLLEE^ 

Clerk. 

E. A. CUXXIXGHAM, 

Assistant Clerk. 
A. M. Campbell. 
C. H. Hodgson. 
William ^M.^rtix. 

Committee Clerks. 
J. D. Aldersox. 

8crgcant-at-anns. 

F. D. Roach, 

Door-keeper. 
C. C. Bosley, 
W. 1'. Fry, 
Robert I. Herndon, 

Parjes. 



OccuPATiox. Nativitv. District. I'ost-office. 

]Oth ^ilnnouvjalia. iNForsantown. 

10th Preston. Kinawnod. 

Gth Kanawha. Kanawha C. H. 

1st Ohio. Wheeling. 

■ kl i iavriscn. Clarksburg. 

n th Mineral. Keyser. 

] st I [ancock. New Cumberland. 

Sth <:re?ribiier. Dewisburs'. 

Sth Fayette. Fayetie C. H. 

Tith ^!nsnn. I'oint Pleasant. 

.5th Uoane. Ro.xalana. 

I^t'i. . . lii'rkeloy. Martinsbur,g. 

12th .Morgan. Berkeley Springs-. 

0th ilanrtolph. Beverly. 

4th Tyler. Long Reach. 

4th Wood. P'U-kersbur.g. 

7th Wyoming. Oceana. 

7th Cabell. Guyandotte. 

1st < liiio. . Wheeling. 

2d :\Iarshan. IMoundsville. 

3d Uit-hio Harrisvilln. 

6th Nicholas. Nicholas C. H. 

11th Hardy. Moorefield. 

4th Tyler. Long Reach. 

.^. Cabell. Cabell C. II. 

I'ondleton. Franklin. 

I'oano. Spencer. 

Mor.gan. Berkeley Springs. 

Cabell. Huntington. 

Nicholas. Nicholas C. H. 

Wyoming. Wyoming C. II. 

Ohio. Wheeling. 

Kanawha. Kanawha C. H. 

Putnam. Hurricane. 



Delegates. 



Ilezekiah Agee. 
Daniel W.'Babb. 
George A. Blakemore. 
John A. Campbell. 
W. D. Carlile. 
Sylvester Chapman. 
W. V. Chidester. 
Strother M. Cornwell. 
Marshall Depue. 
Dyer, D. Dix. 
Charles P. Dyche. 
Isaac L. Enoch. 
Thomas J. Farnsworth. 
James Ferguson. Sr. 
A. Brooks Fleming. 
J. H. Gettinger. 
.T. H. Good. 
Moses S. Hall. 

Samuel A. Houston. 
Daniel Huffman. 
John A. Hutchinson.. 
William T. Ice. 
Jacob B. Jackson. 
L. S. Jordon. 
Mahlon S. Kirtley. 
Jacob II. Long. 
John B. Lough. 



03 I'^'armer 
42 Farmer 
rl7 Lawyer. 
31 Lawyer. 
27, Lawyer. 
42 Surveyor. 

40 Farmer 
50 I'^armer. 

41 Farmer 
25 Merchant. 
30 Blacksmith. 

42 I'^armer 

4~) Farmer & G'z"r. 
f)7 Farmer 
35 L.a\Ayei- 
4R. Merchant. 
48 Lawyer. 
50 Physician. 

'2S Farmer. 
52 Minister. 
34 Lawyer. 
34 T^awyer. 

46 Lawyer. 
34 Lawyer. 
37 Farmer 

47 Farmer. 
02 h'armcr. 



Virginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Ohio. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

\irginia. 

\'irginia 

\ irginia 

Virginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia 

Virginia. 

\ irginia. 

Virginia. 

Maryland. 

Ohio. 

Massachusetts 

Virginia. 
\ irginia. 
Virginia. 
\ irginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
\ irginia. 
Virginia. 
\ irainia 



Kanawha. 

Grant. 

Pendleton. 

Hancock. 

Harrison. 

Kanawha. 

Lewis. 

Barbour. 

Roane. 

Nicholas. 

?iIorgan. 

Wirt. 

Upshur. 

Wayne. 

Marion. 

Berkelev. 

Ohio. 

■Ritchie, 2d. 

Del Dis 

Monroe 

Gilmer. 

Wood. 

Barbour. 

Wood. 

Ohio. 

Putnam 

Tucker. 

Monongalia 



Kanawha C. II. 
Greenland. 
Franklin. 

New Cumliorland. 
Clarksburg. 
Coal burg. 
Big Skin Creek. 
Fvansville, P. Co. 
Spencer. 
Nicholas C. H. 
Berkeley Springs. 
V, irt C. H. 
Buckhannon. 
Wayne C. II. 
Fair.nont. 
Marti asbura'. 
Wheeling. 

Harrlsvillo. 
Sc'd C'k.. G'br. Co-. 
Steer Cieek. 
P.irkorsburg. 
Philippi 
Parkcrsburg. 
Wheelin.g. 
Hurricane Station. 
.Mum Hill. 
Ainettsvillo 



*.\lfrcd Caldwell was elected to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of 
Andrew J. Pannell, who died before his term expired. 



248 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. 
James M. Mason. 
John A. McCulloch. 
Robert McEldowr.ey 
Samuel A. Miller. 
Alexander Monroe. 
James Montgomery. 

J. W. Morgan. 
John Powell. 
Alpheus Prichard. 
David F. Pugh. 
William M. Reynolds. 
George W. Reynolds. 
Linn Rogers. 
Christopher Roles 
Edmund Sehon. 
<3eorge W. Shinn. 
Booker Short. 
Robert Simpson. 
Adam Small. 
Joseph Snyder. 
Samuel S. Spencer. 
Daniel S. Squires. 
C. J. Stone. 
■Chapman J. Stuart. 
Isaac S. Tanner. 
•Tames Taylor. 
John W. Thornburg. 
Alfred Turner. 
Sylvester Upton. 
John W. Vaughn. 
James W. Warden. 
William M. Welch. 
Thomas J. West. 
Henry S. White. 
George W. Williams. 
James H. Wilson. 
William J. Wooddell. 
Peter Zinn. 



Age. Occupation. 
36 Lawyer 

20 Farmer. 
36 Lawyer. 

54 Lawyer. 
.57 Lawyer. 
CI Farmer. 

45 Farmer. 

55 Farmer. 
52 Lumber M'ch't. 

28 Lawyer. 
52 Farmer 
3!) Farm. & Stk.Dr. 

29 Farmer. 

52 Farmer, 
ol Lawyer. 
42 FaL-mer. 
36 V^armer 
3ti Merchant. 
36 Ore. Miner 
47 Farmer. 

53 Farmer 

46 Farmer. 
44 F.'irmer. 

55 Lawyer. 

44 Farmer & Phys. 

56 .Merchant. 

42 Farmer 

45 Farmer. 

43 Farmei'. 
50 Farmer 
35 Farm. & Stk. D. 
34 Lawyer. 
43 Farmer 

34 I\ferchant. 
41 Farmer 

35 Manufacturer. 
50 Merchant. 
50 Horticulturist. 



Alexander Moxbob, 

Speaker. 
J. Bernard Peyton, 

Clerk. 

J. W. WOFFINDIX. 

J. M. Scroggin. 
B. S. Thompson. 
Notes Rand. 

Assistant Clerks. 

W. L. MOFFETT, 

Sergeant-at-arms. 
William M. Patton, 

Door-kccpcr. . 
E. J. Tavlor. 
H. R. Howard. 
James Hamill. 
Samuel L. Webb. 

Committee Clerks. 



57 Lawyer. 

39 I^awyer. 
30 Editor. 
4.S Printer. 
55 Farmer 
35 ?iook-Kceper. 



Nativity. 
Virginia 
Virginia 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia. 
Virginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Ohio. 

Virginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

^ irginia. 

^ irginiii. 

Virginia 

Virginia. 

Maryland 

Virginia. 

\irginia. 

Pennsylvania. 

\ irginia. 

\ irginin. 

Virginia. 

Maryland. 

\irginia 

\'[rginia 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 

Virginia. 



Virginia. 

Virginia. 
England. 
Virginia. 
\ irginia. 
Virginia. 



District. 
Jefferson. 
Mason. 
Wetzel 
Kanawha. 
Hampshire. 
Fayctti' 

Ohio. 

Boone. 

Marion. 

Tyler. 

Mercer. 

Taylor. 

Brooke. 

Raleigh. 

Mason. 

Jackson. 

Wyoming. 

Ohio. 

Berkeley. 

Monongalia. 

Wood. 

li raj. ton. 

Lo.ffan. 

Doddridge. 

J-^fferson. 

Ritchie. 

Cabell. 

Marshall. 

Summers. 

IJncoln. 

Hardy. 

Mineral. 

llarriscn. 

Marshall. 

Greenbrier. 

Preston 

Pocahontas. 

Preston. 



Post-office. 
Charles Town. 
Point Pleasant. 
New Martinsville. 
Kanawha C. H. 
Romney. 
Cannoltcn, Kan. 

Co 
West Liberty. 
!Madison. 
Manniugton. 
Middleb.wrue. 
Princeton. 
Prunrytown. 
Bethany. 

Coal R. Marshes. 
Point Pleasant. 
Ripley. 
Poimd River. 
Wheeling. 
Martinsburg. 
Easton. 
Pi'.rkersbur<r. 
Salt Lii-'k i;ri.lge. 
Cbapman«ville. 
West Union. 
Siicphei'dscown. 
Cornwallis. 
Cabell C. H. 
Fair Hill. 
.Tumping Branch. 
Hamlin. 
Wardensville. 
Kevs.^r. 
^^■est Milford. 
Bellton. 
Williamsburg. 
Gern'.an Si>ttrmt 
wri"'e.n Bank. 
Tunnelton. 



Hampshire Romney. 



Kanawha. 

I^ewis. 

Taylor. 

Summers. 

1-ranawha. 



ICanawha C. II. 
Weston. 
Fettermau 
Hinton. 
Kanawha C. H. 



33 Stock Dealer. Virginia. 



Kana'n ha. Kanawh;i C. H. 



48 Farmer. 
29 Farmer. 
32 Lawyer. 
29 Clerk. 
23 Teacher. 



Virginia. 
\ irgiaia. 
Ohio. 
Virginia 
Virginia. 



Harrison. 
Ritchie 
Mason. 
Jeft'orson. 



Romine's Mills. 
Cornwallis. 
Point Pleasant. 

Kernevsville. 



Kanawha. St. Albans. 



THE THIRTEENTH LEGISLATURE. 

Convened at Wheeling, January 10, 1877. Adjourned March 2, 1877.) 



Name. 

TJ. N. Arnett. 
W. W. Adams. 
Felix J. Baxter. 
Ralph L. Berkshire. 
William T. Burdett. 
C T. Butler. 
Alfred Caldwell* 



Senators. 




stric: 


r. County. 


Post-Office. 


2d. 


Marion. 


Fairmont. 


8th. 


Summers. 


Hinton. 


6th. 


Braxton. 


Sutton. 


10th 


Monongalia. 


Morgantown. 


6th. 


Kanawha. 


Ivanawha C. H. 


12th. 


Jeflferson. 


Shepherdstowu. 


1st. 


Ohio. 


Wheeling. 



190S] 



The Legislatltse of "West Virgixia. 



249 



Name. 


District. 


County. 


Post-Offich 


William C. Clayton. 


11th. 


Mineral. 


Keyser. 


Robert P. Dennis. 


8th. 


Greenbrier. 


Lewisburg. 


Wayne Ferguson. 


7th. 


Wayne. 


Port Gay. 


Thomas Ferrell. 


5th. 


Roane. 


Roxalana. 


David Goff. 


9th. 


Randolph . 


Beverley. 


Mosos S. Grantham. 


12th. ^ 


Berkeley. 


Martinsburg. 


Daniel D. Johnson. 


4th. 


Tyler. 


Long Reach. 


.John I*. .Tones. 


10th. 


Preston. 


Portland. 


Mahlon S. Kirtley. 


5th. 


Putnam. 


Hurricane Station. 


George Loomis, 


4th. 


Wood. 


Parkersburg. 


Levi M. I.owe. 


2d. 


Wetzel. 


Pine Grove. 


Ira J. McGinnis. 


7th. 


Cabell. 


Guyandotte. 


Charles W. Xewlon. 


9th. 


Taylor. 


Grafton. 


David Pugh. 


nth. 


Hampshire. 


Capon Bridge. 


Charles F. Scott. 


3d. 


Ritchie. 


Harrisville. 


William H. Tarr. 


1st. 


Brooke. 


Wellsburg. 


Eli Marsh Turner. 


3d. 


Harrison. 


Clarksburg. 


Ultsses N. Aenett. 








President. 




Marion. 


Fairmont. 


E. A. CUXNINGHAIX. 








Clerk. 




Pendleton. 


Franklin. 


William Martin. 








Assistant Clerk. 




Cabell. 


Huntington. 


J. D. ALDE R.SOX. 








Serf/eant-atAarms. 




Nicholas. 


Nicholas C. H. 


George W. Silcott 




Calhoun. 


Grantsville. 


Joseph S. Duckwall. 




Morgan. 


Berkeley Springs. 


J. 11. Markham, 




Wayne. 


Fort. Gay. 


Coiniinttce Clerks. 








Thomas H. Percival. 








Door-Keeper. 




Jefferson. 


Harper's Ferry. 


W. P. Fry. 




Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


Robert T. ITcrndon. 




Putnam. 


Hurricane Station. 


Charles M. Wheat. 




Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


Pages. 










Deleg. 


.A.TE.S. 




Xa.me. 


OCCUPATIOX. 


Count 1'. 


Post-Office. 


Albert Allen. 


Farmer. 


Boone. 


Boone C. H. 


William E. Arnold. 


Lawyer. 


Lewis. 


Weston. 


Charles M. Babb. 


Farmer. 


Grant. • 


Greenland. 


James W. Ball. 


Farmer. 


Roane. 


Reedysville. 


R. G. Barr. 


Lawyer. 


Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


Jabe7 Beaid. 


Farmer. 


Mason. 


Arbuckle. 


Alfred Beckley, Sr. 


Farmer. 


Raleigh. 


Raleigh C. H. 


Kyle Bright. 


Farmer. 


Greenbrier. 


Williamsburg. 


Robert H. Browse. 


Farmer. 


Pleasants. 


Grape Island. 


A. G. Calvert. 


Farmer. 


Wetzel. 


Silver Hill. 


William N. Chancellor. 


Merchant. 


Wood. 


Parkersburg. 


John J. Chipley. 


Lawyer. 


Hardy. 


Moorefield. 


■G. F. Cross. 


Miner. 


Jefferson. 


Harper's Ferry. 


P. W. Cunningham. 


Farmer. 


Harrison. 


Hessville. 


William B. Davidson. 


I'armer. 


Mercer. 


Red Oak Ridge. 


James Dunkln. 


Grazier. 


Harrison. 


Bridgeport. 


Albert G. Eastham. 


Farmer. 


Mason 


Point Pleasant. 


William Elliott. 


Farmer. 


Preston. 


Reedsville. 


Thomas J. Farnsworth. 


Farmer. 


Upshur. 


Buckhannon. 


E. Boyd Faulkner. 


Lawyer. 


Berkeley. 


Martinsburg. 


James H. Ferguson. 


Lawyer. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


Benjamin F. Fisher. 


Farmer. 


Braxton. 


Braxton C. H. 


Eustace Gibson. 


Lawyer. 


Cabell. 


Huntington. 


P.. P. Gooch. 


Physician. 


Summers. 


Hinton. 


.Tohn B. Gray. 


Farmer. 


Monongalia. 


Laurel Point. 


M. S. Hall. 


Phvsician. 


Ritchie. 


Harrisville. 


O. V,'. 0. Hardman. 


Man-f. 


Tyler. 


Centreville. 


Peregrine Hays. 


Farmer. 


Gilmer. 


Glenville. 


William L. Flearn. 




Ohio. 
Wood. 


Wheeling. 
Williamstown. 


Hiiih C. Henderson. 


Farmer. 


Asa Hiett. 


Farmer. 


Hampshire. 


North River Mills. 


James Law. Ilooff. 


Merchant. 


Jefferson. 


Charles Town. 


E. L. Hoffman. 


Farmer. 


Berkeley. 


Mill Creek. 


l^lihu Hutton. 


Farmer. 


Randcilph. 


Huttonsville. 



250 



Archives a>;d History. 



[W. V.v. 



George W. Imboden. 


Lawyer. 


Fayette. 


Hawk's Nest. 


John C. Johnsoii. 




Harrison. 


Bridgeport. 


Rufus Knotts. 


Farmer. 


Calhoun. 


Minora. 


John H. Kunst. 


Merchant. 


Taylor. 


Pruntytown. 


Lewis Largent. 


Merchant. 


Morgan. 


Paw Paw. 


Robert Lowe. 


Farmer. 


^Marion. 


Bobtown. 


Williams? Maxwell. 


Farmer. 


Doddridge. 


Smithtown. 


James T. McClaskev. 


Farmer. 


Monongalia. 


F.aston. 


G. S. McFadden. 


Gen. Trader. 


Marshall. 


Moundsville. 


A. B. Modisett. 


Farmer. 


Barbour. 


Philippi. 


W. E. Parriott. 
X. E. Pennybacker. 


Farmer. 


Marshall. 


Belton. 


Lawyer. 


Pendleton. 


Franklin. 


Joseph W. Morgan. 


Farmer. 


Ohio. 


West Liberty. 


William A. Quarrier. 


Lawyer. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


John D. Rigg. 


Man'f. 


Preston. 


Morgan Glen. 


John H. Riley. 


Lawyer. 


Jackson. 


Jackson C. H. 


John A. Robinson. 


Merchant. 


Miner al. 


Patterson's Creek. 


Bartley Rose. 


Farmer. 


JIcDowell. 


Snake Root. 


John M. Rowan. 


Grazier. 


Monroe. 


Union. 


Harvey Samples. 


Farmer. 


Clay. 


Pleasant Retreat. 


M. H. Shirtz. 


Merchant. 


Wirt. 


Burnin.g Springs. 


George W. Siple. 


Farmer. 


Pocahontas. 


Green Bank. 


Robert Simpson. 


Merchant. 


Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


J. B. Somerville. 


Teacher. 


Brooke. 


Bethany. 


Hurston Spurloclc. 


Lum. Dlr. 


Wayne. 


Cerodo. 


Lyman Stedman. 


Farmer. 


Hancock. 


Brown's Island. 


James Stewart. 


Physician. 


I'utnam. 


Raymond City. 


William Stratton. 


Lawyer. 


Logan. 


Logan C. H. 


Charles E. Wells. 


Merchant. 


Marion. 


Glover's Gap. 


John S. Wilkinson. 


Farmer. 


Lincoln. 


Hamlin. 


E. Willis Wilson. 


Lawyer. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


Eustace Gibson, 


Lawyer. • 






Speaker. 




Cabell. 


Huntington. 


J. Berx.\rd Peytox, 


Lawyer. 






Clerk. 




Greenbrier. 


Wheeling. 


Noi'Es Rand. 


Clerk. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


J. M. SCROGIN. 


Clerk. 


Taylor. 


Fetterman. 


B. Speed Tho-mpsox. 


Clerk. 


Summers. 


Hintou. 


E. L. Bill. 


Clerk. 


Ohio. 


Wheeling. 


Assistant Clerks. 








Clarence L. Smith. 


Lawyer. 


Clarion. 


Fairmont. 


Geo. D. Dix. 


Merchant. 


Nicholas. 


Nicholas C. H. 


James Ilamill. 


Farmer. 


Jefferson. 


Kearney svi lie. 


J. H. Daugherty. 


Merchant. 


Pendleton. 


Franklin. 


Committee Clerks. 








Napoleon B. French^ 


Farmer. 






Sergeant-at-arms. 




Mercer. 


Princeton. 


Joseph A. Watson, 


Painter. 






Assistant. 




Lewis. 


Weston. 


S. H. Campbell. 


Farmer. 






Door-keeper. 




Gilmer. 


Glenville. 


D. W. Beach, 








Postal Messenger. 




Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


Prank Cox. 


Student. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


M. W. Donnally. 


Printer. 


Kanawha. 


Kanawha C. H. 


French N. Hays. 


Farmer. 


Gilmer. 


Glenville. 


Pages. 









THE FOURTEENTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Wheeling, January 8, 1879. Adjourned, March 10, 1S79.)' 

Sexatoks. 



First District— wnUam H. Tarr of 

Brooke County, and Joseph J. 

Woods of Ohio County. 
Second — Levi M. Lowe of Wetzel 

County, and Lewis S. Newman of 

Marshall County. 



Third — Eli M. Turner of Harrison 
County, and David McGregor of 
Ritchie County. 

Fourth — Daniel D. Johnson of Ty- 
ler County, and John W. Stout of 
Wood County. 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



251 



Fifth — Mahlon S. Kirtley of Put- 
nam County, and Robert S. 
Brown of Jackson County. 

Sixth — Felix J. Baxter of Braxton 
County, and Albert E. Summers 
of Kanawha County. 

Seventh — Wayne Ferguson of 
Wayne Countj', and David E. 
Johnston of Mercer County. 

Eighth^W. W. Adams of Summers 
County, and Robert F. Dennjs of 
Greenbrier County. 



Xinth—C. W. Newlon of Taylor 
County, and William Ewin of 
Tucker County. 

Tenth — John P. Jones, of Preston 
County, and William C. McGrew 
of Monongalia County. 

Eleventh — David Pugh of Hamp- 
shire County, and Charles Wil- 
liams of Grant County. 

Tioelfth—C. T. Butler of Jefferson 
County, and E. Boyd Faulkner of 
Berkeley County. 



Daniel D. Johxsox. 
E. A. Cunningham. 
H. C. Entler. 
H. C. Duncan. 
Thomas W. Keller. 
Thomas P. Paeke. 
John D. Alderson. 
George S. Chilton. 
Charles M. Wheat. 
William P. Fry. 
Thomas R Konnody 



President. 

Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Page. 

Page. 



Delegates. 



Tyler County. 
Pendleton County. 
Jefferson County. 
Wayne County. 
Hampshire County. 
Monroe County. 
Nicholas County. 
Kanawha County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 
Ohio County. 



Barbour County — Thomas A. Brad- 
ford. 

Berkeley — Bethuel M. Kitchen, and 
D. F. Billmyer. 

Boone — Samuel H. Campbell. 

Braxton — Ellis S. Hyer. 

Brooke — Joseph C. Gist. 

Cabell — Thomas H. Harvey. 

Doddridge — Chapman J. Stuart. 

Fayette — Samuel Carter. 

Gilmer — William H. Snider. 

Grant — Arnold C. Scherr. 

Greenbrier — Samuel P. Hawver. 

Hampshire — Alexander Monroe. 

Hancock — Joseph H. Quinn. 

Hardy — John J. Chipley. 

Harrison — John C. Johnson, and 
Ira C. Post. 

Jackson — William A. Parsons. 

Jefferson— :i. S. Melvin, and W. H. 
T. Lewis. 

Kanaivha — A. A. Rock. Martin 
Hill, and John C. Montgomery. 

Leiois — George J. Arnold, 

Lincoln — Thomas L. Bell. 

Logan — Hugh Toney. 

Marshall — John Xnxon. and James 
Alex. E^ving. 



Marion — ^John Righter, and James 
H. Furbee. 

Mason — William R. Gunn, and La- 
fayette F. Roush. 

Mercer — Carroll Clarke. 

Mineral — Joseph V. Bell. 

Monongalia — J. Marshall Hagans, 
James Hare. 

Morgan — Washington Unger. 

Monroe — R. T. McNeer. 

Ohio — John J. Jacob, Andrew Wil- 
son, Thomas H. Logan, and Ben- 
jamin Fisher. 

Pendleton — J. E. Pennybacker. 

Pocahontas — George H. Moffett. 

Preston — Page R. McCrum, John H. 
Holt. 

Putnam — William Kii'tley. 

Raleigh — William McCreery. 

Roane — A. L. Vandal. 

Sumw.ers — B. P. Gooch. 

Taylor— L,. E. Davidson. 

Tyler — Henry A. Rymer. 

Upshur — A. M. Poundstone. 

'lyayne — Albert C. Fulkerson. 

Wetzel— A. G. Calvert. 

Wirt — Jonathan Sheppard. 



252 



Archives and History. 



[W. Vv. 



First Del. Dlst. — Hugh Mearns, Ben- i Third Del. Dist. — Geo. W. Reynolds 



jamin H. Butcher, and C. P. Ross. 
Second Del. Disf.— E. J. Taylor, 
and James S. Barr. 



George H. Moffet. 
J. Bernard Peyton. 
J. B. Crodch. 
.Tames Hammmill. 
Hiram H. Howard. 
.1. M. McCoy. 
Nathaniel S. Clark. 
James P. Nealls. 
Frank P. Thompson. 
Charles P. Anderson. 
Robert R. Richarrtson. 
John L. Thornhill. 



Fourth Del. Dist. — Elihu Hutton. 
Fifth Del. Dist. — Winston Shelton. 
Sixth Del. Dist. — John McGraw. 



Speaker. 

Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Pocahontas County. 
Monroe County. 
Tyler County. 
Jefferson County. 
Mason County. 
Marion County. 
Wood County. 
Hampshire County. 
Kanawha County. 
Ohio County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 



THE FIFTEENTH LEGISLATURE. 

(Convened at Wheeling, January 12, 1881. Adjourned, March 1.5, 1881.) 

Senators.* 
First District — Joseph J. Woods, Seventh — David E. Johnston, t Joel 



and John R. Donehoo. 

Second — Lewis S. Newman, and 
Fontain Smith. 

f\ird — David McGregor, and Frank- 
lin Maxwell. 

Yourth — John W. Stout, and D. A. 
Roberts. 

Fifth — Robert S. Brown, Andrew R. 
Barbee. 

Sixth — Albert E. Summers, and 
Harvey Samples. 



E. Stallings, and Jerome Shelton. t 

Eighth — Robert F. Dennis, and Wm. 
McNeel. 

Ninth — William Ewin, and Thomas 
J. Farns worth. 

Tenth — Wm. C. McGrew, and Wm.. 
M. O. Dawson. 

Eleventh — Charles Williams, and 
Joseph Van Matre. 

Ticelfth — E. Boyd Faulkner, Sam- 
uel Davisson. 



Albert E. Summers. 
X). D. Johnson. 
Alfred Rheixstrom. 
John D. Alderson. 
David O. Kelly. 
D. R. Neal. Jr. 
T. F. Parks. 
John M. Hamilton. 
Frank Wheat. " 
Henry Emsheimer. 
Bushrod Burley. 



President. 

Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Kanawlia County. 
Tyler County. 
Ohio County. 
Nicholas County. 
Oreenljrier County. 
Wood County. 
Monroe County, 
rnlhoun County. 
Ohio County. 
Ohio County. 
Marshall County. 



Delegates 

Barbour — Lewis Wilson. 

Berkeley — B. F. Brady, George Fer 

rel. 
Boone— James Meadows. 
Braxton — Benjamin F. Fisher. 
Brooke — George W. McCord. 



Cabell — George W. Hackworth. 
Doddridge — Williams Maxwell. 
Fayette — Isaac J. Settle. 
Gilmer — Levi Johnson. 
Grant — Charles M. Babb. 
Greenbrier — John M. Sydenstricker. 



*It is to be regretted that the resident counties of the members of the Senate 
cannot be determined from the Journal of that body for this session. 

fDavid E. Johnston, who had been a member of the Senate in 1879. tendered his 
resignation July 20, 1880, to take effect August 10th ensuing, and Jerome Shelton 
was elected at a special election to fill the vacancy. 



1908] 



The Legislatuee of West ViaciiNiA. 



253 



Hampshire — Alexander Monroe. 
Hancock — John W. Hobbs. 
Hardy — William Fisher. 
Harrison — Beverly H. Lurty, Moses 

H. Davis. 
Jackson — John H. Riley. 
Jefferson — Frank Beckwith, John 

W. Grantham. 
Kanawha — William A. Quarrier, 

James H. Ferguson, and E. Willis 

Wilson. 
Lewis — Andrew, Edmiston. 
Lincoln — Joseph W. Holt. 
Logan — John B. Floyd. 
Marion — James Morrow, Jr., and 

Charles E. Wells. 
Marshall— W. D. Wayt, and Josiah 

Sinclair. 
Mason — George Rowley, and George 

W. Tippett. 
Mercer — Isaiah Bee. 
Mineral — Joseph V. Bell. 
Monongalia — Henry L. Cox, and 

James S. Watson. 
Morgan — John T. Siler. 
Monroe — Benjamin F. Irons. 



Ohio — Samuel A. Kepner, Frank P. 

McNeil, Charles W. Seabright and 

William P. Hubbard. 
Pendcton — Joshua Day. 
Pocahontas — George H. Moffett. 
Preston — U. N. Orr, and Page R. 

McCrum. 
Putnam — John K. Thompson. 
Raleigh — William Prince. 
Roane — Marshall Depue. 
Summers — N. M. Dowry. 
Taylor — Reuben Davisson. 
Tyler — Selman Wells. 
Upshur — David Poe. 
Wayne — Albert C. Fulkerson. 
Wetzel — Septimius Hall. 
Wirt — Lewis Sheppard. 
First Del. Dist. — David H. Leonard, 

P. Sharp, D. Q. Steere. 
Second Del. Dist. — J. B. Crumrine, 

George Lynch. 
Third Del. Dist.— J. L. Hall. 
Fourth Del. Dist. — C. J. P. Cresap. 
Fifth Del. Dist. — Charles Mc. 

Dodrill. 
Sixth Del. Dist.— Floyd Lusk. 



E. Willis Wilson. 
.7. Bernard Peyton. 
Harrison Cain. 
.Tames P. Nealis. 
George J. Thompson. 
.Tolin N. Clarkson, .Tr. 
R. W. Taylor. 
John W. Pultz. 
James M. Johnson. 
John L. Thornhill. 
Frank P, Thompson. 
Harvey M. Scott. 
.\. C. Swartz. 
Frank M. Engle. 



Speaker. 

Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Mailing & BankingPage 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Kanawha County. 
Greenbrier Coim'ty. 
Gilmer County. 
Barbour County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Mason County. 
Randolph County. 
Hampshire County. 
Jefferson County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 
Ohio County. 
Ohio County. 



THE SIXTEENTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Wheeling, January 10, 1883. Adjourned, February 23, 1883.) 



Senators. 



First District — John R. Donehoo, 
and Nathan B. Scott. 

Second — D. M. Hostutler, and Foun- 
tain Smith. 

Third — George W. Hays, and Frank- 
lin Maxwell. 



Fourth— B. A. Roberts, and Anthony 
Smith. 

Fifth — Andrew R. Barbee, and Wil- 
liam Woodyard. 

Sixth— Gohle G. Burgess, and 
Robert T. Harvey. 



*It is to be regretted that the resident counties of the members of the Senate 
cannot Le determined from the Journal of that body for this session. 



254 



Aechives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Seventh — Joel E. Stallings, and 
John B. Floyd. 

Eighth — John G. Lobban, and Wil- 
liam L. McNeel. 

Ninth — Harvey Samples, and Benja- 
min W. Byrne. 

Teni/i— Thomas J. Farnsworth, and 
M. W. Coburn. 



Eleventh — William M. 0. Dawson, 
and William C. McGrew. 

Tioelfth — George E. Price, and Jo- 
seph Van Matre. 

Thirtenth — Samuel Davisson, and 
Jacob S. Melvin. 



Thomas J. Farnswoeth. 
John D. Aldeeson. 
.T. M. Hamilton. 
P. J. Parke. 
H. C. Duncan. 
T. H. Marshall. 
Charles H. Vandiver. 
David O. Kelley. 
Frank Wheat. 
Frank Thompson. 
Bushrod Curley. 
Henry Emsheimer. 



President. 

Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Seargeant-at-arms 

Dooi--keeper. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Postal Messenger. 



Barbour County — John AV. Corder. 
Berkeley — George P. Evans, and Ma- 
rion L. Henshaw. 
Boone — Albert Allen. 
Braxton — James A. Boggs,* and 
John H. Cunningham.* 
Cabell— P. H. McCulloch. 
Calhoun — Taylor R. Stump. 
Doddridge — Williams Maxwell. 
Fayette — L. D. Isbell. 
Gilmer — Melville Stump. 
Greenbrier — William H. McClung, 

and John F. Garing. 
Hampshire — Henry B. Gilkeson. 
Harrison — John Li. Ruhl, Charles 

W. Lynch. 
Jackson — Virgil S. Armstrong, and 

Charles L. Brown. 
Jefferson — John W. Rider, and Isaac 

Fouke. 
Kanaioha — James F. Brown, James 

H.Brown, and John M. Collins. 
Lewis — William K. Wilson. 
Lincoln — Joseph W. Holt. 
Logan — L. D. Chambers. 
Marion — John C. Jones, and Jesse F. 

Sturm. 
Marshall — John Nixon, and W. S. 

Simonton. 



Upshur County. 
Nicholas County. 
■ ■ Calhoun County. 
Monroe County. 
Wayne County. 
Ohio County. 
Mineral County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 
Marshall County. 
Ohio County. 

Delegates. 

Mason — John M. Eckard, and J. Or- 

ville Sayre. 
Mercer — Isaiah Bee. 
Mineral 



C. W. Dailey. 
Monongalia — Henry L. Cox. 
Jfonroe^James H. Adair. 
Morgan — J. J. Hetz;el. 
Nicholas — David McQueen. 
07) io — Joseph J. Woods, Louis F. 

Steifel, Blackburn B. Dovener, sand 

J. Hamilton Burtt. 
Pendleton — J. Edward Pennybacker. 
Pleasants — Oliver Gorrell. 
Preston — John D. Rigg, and Uriah 

N. Orr. 
Putnam — Lewis J. Timms. 
Raleigh— Wm. C. Riffe. 
Ritchie — Tnomas E. Davis. 
Summers — A. A. Miller. 
Taylor — David Powell. 
Tyler — Wm. M. Powell. 
Upshur — J. J. Morgan. 
Wayne — Thomas Harrison. 
Wetzel — Septimius Hall. 
Wirf— M. H. Shirtz. 
■[I'ood — Samuel T. Stapleton, Er- 

win D. J. Bond, James T. Mc- 

Mechen,-!- and W. A. Cooper.f 



♦.Tames A. Boggs, of Braxton, was elected. December 21. 1SS2. to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of John H. Cunningham, who died en the preceding 8th of 
November. „ ^,, ,, 

tJames T. McMechen was elected on the 4th of .January. 1SS.3, to fill the vacancy 
<aused by the resignation of W. A. Cooper, of Wood county. 



190S] 



The Legislatl-ke of West Vibginia. 



255 



First Del. Dist.— George W. Mc- 

Cord. 
Second Del. Dist. — George Harmon. 
Third Del. DtsL— William P. Payne. 



Fourth Del. Dist.— Henry A. Yea- 

ger. 
Fifth— Bel. Dist.— A. B. Parsons. 
Sixth Del. Dist. — A. B. Wells, and 

Jacob Salisbury. 



Joseph J. Woods. 
J. Berxaed Peyton. 
Henry Fry. 
Benjamin H. Oxley. 
S. B. Hall. 
.ToHN F. Gillespie. 
E. P. NnzuM. 
Oeorgb p. Sargeant. 
.Tames P. Nealis. 
.Tohn L. Thornhill. 
Herman Stoetzer. 
Howard Talbot. 
T'^'rank Roberts. 
Charles S. Adams. 



Speaker. 

Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Lincoln County. 
Wetzel County. 
Pendleton County. 
Ohio County. 
Barbour County. 
Hampshire County. 
Kanawha County. 
Ohio County. 
Tucker County. 
Ohio County. 
Ohio County. 



THE SEVENTEENTH LEGISLATURE. 

(Convened at Wheeling, January 14, 1885. Adjourned, February 27, 1885.) 

Senators. 



First District — Nathan B. Scott of 

Ohio County, and J. B. Somer- 

ville of Brooke County. 
Second — Daniel M. Hostutler,* and 

Jacob Cochran* of Wetzel County, 

and Bushrod W. Price of Marshall 

County. 
Third — George Warren Hayes of 

Calhoun County, and Presley W. 

Morris of Ritchie County. 
Fourth — Anthony Smith of Tyler 

County, and E. D. J. Bond of 

Wood County., 
Fifth — William Woodyard of Roane 

County, and Charles L. Brown of 

Jackson County. 
Sixth — Goble G. Burgess of Wayne 

County, and Rufus Switzer of Put- 
nam County. 
Seventh — John B. Floyd of Logan 



County, and John W. McCreery 
of Raleigh County. 

Eighth — John G. Lobban of Monroe 
County, and Marion Gwinn of 
Summers County. 

Ninth — Benjamin W. Byrne of Ka- 
nawha County, and J. W. Morri- 
son, Jr., of Braxton County. 

Tenth — 'M. W. Coburn of Barbour 
County, and Stark W. Arnold of 
Upshur County. 

Eleventh — Wm. C. McGrew of Mo- 
nongalia County, and Wm. M. 0. 
Dawson of Preston County. 

Twelfth — Geo. E. Price of Mineral 
County, and Samuel L. Flournoy 
of Hampshire County. 

Thirteenth — Jacob S. Melvin of 
Jefferson County, and Algernon 
R. Unger, of Morgan County. 



Georok E. Price. 
.Tohn D. Alierson. 
.Tohn M. Hamilton. 
F. .T. Parke. 
.T. H. Da gherty. 
Ernest .T. Simpson. 
S. A. Hays. 
David O. ICelley. 
Tlenry ICmshoimpr. 
Frank Wheat. 
Frank Thompson. 
^Tarshall V. White. 



President. 

Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Engrossing Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Postal Messenger.. 

Page. 

Page. 

Pago. 



Mineral County. 
Nicholas County. 
Calhoun County. 
Monroe County. 
Pendleton County. 
Berkeley County. 
Gilmer County. 
Greenlirier County. 
Ohio County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 



*.Tacob Cochran was elected to fl.l the vacancy caused by the death of Hon. D. 
M. Hostutler, for whom memorial exercises were held in the Senate .Tanuary 10, 1885. 



256 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Delegates. 



Barhour County — S. C. Rusmisell. 
Berkeley — .James H. Smith, and I. 

B. Snodgrass. 
Gilmer — Robert R. Marshall. 
Greenbrier — Thomas H. Dennis ard 

William H. McClung. 
Hariipshire — Henry B. Gilkeson. 
Boone — Wm. Workman. 
Braxton — Benjamin F. Fisher. 
Cabell — John B. Laidley. 
CalJioun — Charles H. Richardson. 
Doddridge — E. G. Taylor. 
Fayette — W. J. Davies. 
Lewis — George I. Davisson. 
Lincoln — Benjamin H. Oxley. 
Logan — M. S. Ferrell. 
Maroin — Alpheus F. Haymond, and 

Eli L. Parker. 
Marshall — Frank Arnold, and 

George Edwards. 
Mason — A. Green Beard, and J. Or- 

ville Sayre. 
Mercer — A. C. Davidson. 
Mineral — John F. Gilmore. 
Monongalia — John E. Price. 
Monroe — George Alderson. 
Morgan — Silas J.Hovermale. 
Klicnolas — H. C. Callison. 
0?ito — John J. Jacob, Jr., William 

Myles, Edward Robertson, Robert 

White' 



Pendeton — Jacob Hinkle. 
Plaesants — John J. Poynter. 
Preston — Thomas Fortney, W. H. 

Glover. 
Harrison — Ira G. Post, Jesse F. 

Randolph. 
Jackson — J. P. Campbell, S. H. 

Hayman. 
Jefferson— R. P. Chew, Daniel B. 

Lucas. 
Eanaioha — J. B. Fleming, Henry C. 

McWhorter, A. A. Rock. 
PMinam— Charles McGill. 
Raleigh — Aden Thompson. 
Ritchie— W. G. Miller, 
Summers — John G. Crockett. 
Taylor — David Powell. 
Tyler — William W. Givens. 
Upshur — J. S. W. Dean. 
Wayne — C. W. Ferguson. 
Wetzel — Aaron Morgan. 
Wirt — W. C. IMcConaughey. 
Wood — Robert Alexander, James T. 

McMechen, Samuel T. Stapleton. 
First Bel. Dist. — E. J. Owings. 
Second Del. Dist. — Wilbur F. Dyer. 
Third Del. Dist. — L. B. Chambers. 
Fourth Del. Dist. — Charles P. Dorr. 
Fifth Del. Dist. — Harmon Snyder. 
Sixth Del. Dist. — Andrew Parks- 

and Jesse Roach. 



Thomas H. Dennis. 
,T. Bernard Peyton. 
ViKGiL S. Armstrong. 
Robert Herndon. 
S. Brdce Hall. 
Thomas D. Houston. 
.T. H. Deshon. 
Thornton Henshaw. 
A. W. Werninger. 
.Tohn L. Thornhill. 
Benoni S. Good. 
Frank M. Engle. 
.Joseph S. Chambers. 
James E. Cunningham. 



Speaker. 

Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Seargeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Mail and Banking Page. 

rage. 

rage. 

Page. 

Page. 



Greenbrier County. 
Greenbrier County. 
.Tackson County. 
Cabell County. 
Wetzel County. 
Ohio County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Berkeley County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 



Ohio County. 



THE EIGHTEENTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston, January, 12, 1887. Adjourned, February 25, 1887.) 

Senators. 
First District — J. B. Somerville of ' Second — Bushrod ^Y- Price of Mar- 



Brooke County, and Nathan B. 
Scott of Ohio County. 



shall County, and J. H. Furbee of 
Marion County. 



190S1 



The Legislatuke of West Vikgixia. 



257 



Tfiird — Presley W. Morris of Ritchie 

County, and Edwin Maxwell of 

Harrison County. 
Fourth — E. D. J. Bond of Wood 

County, and John D. Sweeney of 

Tyler County. 
Fifth — Chas. L. Brown of Jackson 

County, and William Woodyard 

of Roane County. 
Sixth — Rufus Switzer of Putnam 

County, and E. M. McCallister 

of Cabell County. 
Seventh — John W. McCreery of Ra- 
leigh County, and Benjamin H. 

Oxley of Lincoln County. 
Eighth — Marion Gwinn of Sum- 



mers County, and Mexico Van 
Pelt of Fayette County. 

Ninth — J. W. Morrison, Jr., of 
Braxton County, and Robert S. 
Carr of Kanawha County. 

Tenth— Stark W. Arnold of Upshur 
County, and A. C. Minear of Tuck- 
er County. 

Eleventh — Wm. M. O. Dawson of 
Preston County, and Joseph Sny- 
der of Monongalia County. 

Twelfth — Samuel L. Flournoy of 
Hampshire County, and George B. 
Price of Mineral County. 

Thirteenth — Algernon R. Unger of 
Morgan County, and J. Howard 
Gettinger of Berkeley County. 



Oeorge E. Price. 
.TOHN D. Alderson. 
.T. H. Marcijm. 
Thomas J. Grass. 
George W. Warren. 
Alfred Rheinstroni. 
.Tames H. Daughevty. 
Herman G. Steotzor. 
Thomas D. Houston, 
oeorge W. McClintic. 
Frank Wheat. 
James L. Bnrley. 
John Lake. 
Noble Beattie. 



President. 

Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-ai-ms. 

Door-keeper. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Engrossing Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Postal Messenger.. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Delegates. 



Mineral County. 
Nicholas County. 
Wayne County. 
Lincoln County. 
Summers County. 
Ohio County. 
Pendleton County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 
I'ocahontas County. 
Ohio County. 
Marshall County. 
Mineral County. 
Kanawha County. 



Barbour County — David W. Shaw. 
Berkeley — George M. Bowers, and 

G. H. Ropp. 
Boone — L. D. Hagar. 
Braxton — Peyton Byrne. 
Cabell — Andrew Rosebury. 
Calhoun — John M. Hamilton. 
Doddridge — E. G. Taylor. 
Fayette — J. S. Kincaid. 
Gilmer — Robert F. Kidd. 
Greenbrier — John M. Sydenstricker, 

and William H. McClung. 
Hampshire — A. L. Pugh. 
Harrison — Henry Haymond, and M. 

G. Holmes. 
Jackson — J. E. Brown, George B. 

Crow. 
Jefferson — Daniel B. Lucas, R. P. 

Chew. 
Kanawha — Henry C. McWhorter, W. 

H. Toler, L. H. Oakes. 



Jesse 



Lewis — George I. Davisson. 
Lincoln-^B. S. Chambers. 
Logan — Henry C. Ragland. 
Marion — George "\V. Kinsey, 

F. Sturm. 
Marshall — Josiah Sinclair, J. T. Mc- 

Combs. 
Mason — J. S. Spencer, James L. 

Heusley. 
Mercer — W. M. Reynolds. 

Mineral — William Middleton. 
Monongalia — John Marshall Ha- 

gans. 
Monroe — John M. Rowan. 
Morgan — Lewis Largent. 
Nicholas — John E Peck. 
0?iio— Joseph J. Woods, C. J. Glea- 

son, A. D. Garden, N. E. Whitta- 

ker. 
Pendleton — .J J. Hiner. 



258 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Pleasants — Oliver Gorrell. 
Preston — J. P. Jones, J. T. Hoke. 
Putnam — Daniel H. Gates. 
Raleigh— W. C. Riffe. 
Ritchie— J. M. McKinney. 
Hummers — .John G. Crockett. 
Taylor — A. H. Thayer. 
TyZer— Silas Smith. 
JJpshur — Stillmau Young. 
Wayne — C. W. Ferguson. 
^Vetzel—^B.c6b Cochran. 



TVirf— J. W. Depue. 

Wood — William N. Chancellor, A. 

A. Kellar, and R. L. Woodyard. 
First Del. District — Isaac H. Duvall. 
Second Del. Dist. — J. J. Chipley. 
Third Del. Dist.—W. H. H. Cook. 
Fourth Del. Dist. — Henry A. Yea- 

ger. 
Fifth Del. Dist.— J. F. Harding. 
Sixth — Del. Dist. — P. B. Cochran, 

Frederick Gandee. 



John M. Rowan. 

J. BEEXAED I'EYTON. 

•Chaeles p. Dorr. 
Michael. B. Devine. 
Virgil S. Armstrong. 
■George P. Sergent. 
George P. Sergent. 
Joe. Plymale. 
George E. Boyd, Jr. 
David E. Peebles. 
William E. R. Byrne. 
L. H. Kelly. 
Goss Peyton. 
Squire Halstead. 
Joseph Chambers. 
Kenna McClung. 
■Clement Carroll. 
Leon Davis. 



Spealvcr. 

Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Committee ("lerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Engrossing Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Mail and Banking Page. 

Page. 

Pago. 

I'age. 

I'age. 

I'age. 

Page. 



Monroe County. 
Cabell County. 
Webster County. 
Tyler County. 
.Tackson County. 
Hardy County. 
Calhoun county. 
Wayne County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 



Braxton County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Nicholas County." 
Wyoming County. 
Greenbrier County. 
IMeasant County. 
Wayne County.' 



THE NINETEENTH LEGISLATURE. 



<Convened at Charleston, January 9, 1889. Adjourned Fe])ruarv 22, 1889.) 



Senators. 



First District — Nathan B. Scott of 

Ohio County, and B. J. Smith of 

Hancock County. 
■Second — J. W. Yeater of Wetzel 

Countj', and James H. Furbee of 

Marion County. 
Third — -Edwin Maxwell of Harrison 

County, and Presley W. Morris 

of Ritchie County. 
Fourth — Milton R. Lowther of 

Wood County, and John D. Swee- 
ney of Tyler County. 
Fifth — William Woodyard of Roane 

County, and Alex. R. Campbell of 

Jackson County. 
Sixth— E. M. McCallister of Cabell 

County, and B. J. Pritchard of 

Wayne County. 
Seventh — Benjamin H". Oxley of 



Lincoln County, and John W. Mc- 
Creery of Raleigh County. 

Eixihth — Mexico Van Pelt of Fay- 
ette County, and John W. Ar- 
buckle of Greenbrier County. 

Ninth — Robert S. Carr of Kanawha 
County, and J. W. Morrison, Jr., 
of Braxton County. 

Tenth— A. C. Minear of Tucker 
County, and Thomas E. Davis of 
Taylor County. 

Eleventh — Joseph Snyder of Monon- ' 
galia County, and William G. 
Worley of Preston County. 

Twelfth — George E. Price of Min- 
eral County, and Samuel I^. Flour- 
noy of Hampshire County. 

Thirteenth — J. Howard Gettinger of 
Berkeley County, and Charles H. 
Knott of Jefferson County. 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



259 



Robert. S. Carr.* 
George .T. Walker. 
Steele R. Hawkins. 
James A. Madison. 
Henry C. Showalter. 
Jame.s .1. Peterson. 
E. Ij. Coburne. 
J. II. Dougherty. 
S. S. Kuypers. 
W. R. Hudson. 
Clarence Moore. 
Henry Gilmer. 
■George W. McCliutic. 
A. R. Stallings. 
E. II. Curtis. 
Tbomas G Mann. 
Jacob Kemple. 
James H. Marcum. 
Clarence Moore. 
J. E. Watson. 
A. A. Franziiolm. 
Charles Drvden. 
Fred S. Scott. 
Percy W. Laidley. 
John B. White. 
<?. W. Boss. 
Thomas J. Grass. 
Homer Morrison. 
Clarence Burdette. 
John Cracraft. 
John Fry. 



President. 
Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 
Door-keeper. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Engrossing Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
.\ss't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Sergeant-at- 
Ass't. Door-keeper 
Postal Messenger. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 

Delegates. 



Kanawha County. 
Jackson County. 
Kanawha County. 
Wood County. 
Ritchie County. 
Cabell County. 
I'pshur County. 

Graur Cuuiuy. 

arms 

arms 

arms 

•arms 

■arms 

arms 

arms 

arms 

arms 

Braxton County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 



Barhour County — David W. Shaw. 

Berkeley — Joseph G. Kitchen, and 
Geo. W. Buxton. 

Boone — Jacob C. Edelman. 

Braxton — George Goad. 

Cabell — Henry J. Samuels. 

■Calhoun — Henry A. Altizer. 

Doddridge— 3. W. Stuclc 

Faj/e^fe— Charles Hill. 

Gilmer — William H. Jack. 

Greenbrier — J. M. Sydenstricker, 
Wm. H. McClung. 

Hampshire— K. L. Pugh. 

Harrison — A. C. Moore, and Gwinn 
Minter. 

Jackson — A. E. Archer, V. L. Casto. 

Jefferson — B. D. Gibson, and R. P. 
Che 

J{anatoha — A. E. Aultz, Daniel May- 
er, and W. Parrish. 

Lewis — William. E. Lively. 

Lincoln — A. B. Shelton. 

Logan — W. E. Justice. 

Marion — C. A. Pritchard, and D. M. 
Harr. 



Mdrshall — J. T. McCombs, Samuel 
R. Hanan. 

Mason- — John V. Stearne, Thomas 
Lansing Davles. 

Mercer — R. G. Mcador. 

Mineral — J. P. Williams. 

Monongalia — Edgar W. St. Clair. 

Monroe — John P. Shanklin. 

Morgan — G. F. Weber. 

Nicholas — .John E. Peck. 

Ohio— A. D. Garden, L. F. Stifel, 
Joseph J. Woods, and John Corco- 
ran. 

Pendeton — George A. Blakemore. 

Pleasants — Robert J. Hammett. 

PresfoH— Uriah N. Orr, M. S. Bryte. 

Putnam — J. W. Kirk. 

Raleigh — Azel Ford. 

Ritchie— J. C. Gluck. 

Summers — John W. Johnson. 

Taylor — A. H. Thayer. 

Tyler — Silas Smith. 

Upshur — Stillman Young. 

Wayne — Robert Napier. 

Wetzel — Aaron Morgan. 



*Xt the session of ISSO. tlie Senate lialloted twelve days before it elected a Pres- 
ident. Hon. Robert S. Carr, of Kanawha countv, being then chosen on the 126tb 
■toallot. 



260 



Archivks and History. 



[W. Va. 



Wirt — Lindsay Merrill. 

Wood — Wellington Vrooman, L. F. 
Stone, and J. M. Meyer. 

First Del. Dist. — Brooke and Han- 
cock — Isaac H. Duvall. 

Second Del. Dist. — Grant and Har- 
dy — Joseph Sprigg. 

Third Del. Dist. — Wyoming and 



McDowell — William Bandy. 
Fourth Del. Dist. — Pocahontas and 
Webster — Charles P. Dorr. 
Fifth Del. Dist. — Randolph and 

Tucker — W. L. Kee. 
Sixth Del. Dist. — Clay and Roane — 

Benjamin J. Taylor and Jesse 

Roach. 



Joseph J. Woods. 
John M. Hamilton. 
W. Brown Gibbs. 
A. W. Knotts. 
J. II. Daugherty. 
A. E. Stewart. 
Joseph Chambers. 
Goss Peyton. 
Leon Davis. 
William E. Lively, Jr. 
John Doddridge. 
Kenna McCliing. 
Burnett Parish. 



Speaker. 

Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Ohio County. 
Calhoun County. 
Roane County. 
Marion County. 
Pendleton County. 
Barbour County. 
Wyoming County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Wayne County. 
Lewis County. 
Kanawha County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Greenbrier County. 



THE TWENTIETH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston, January 14, 1891. Adjourned March 14, 1891.) 

Senators. 



Name. District. 


Nativity. 


Occupation. 


Post-Office. 


COUNTV. 


John W. Arbuckle. 


8th. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Lewisburg. 


Greenbrier. 


Alex. R. Campbell. 


5th. 


Iowa. 


Gen. Ins. Agt. 


Wheeling. 


Ohio. 


Solomon Cunningham. 


l'2th. 


Virginia. 


Farmer and 












Stock Dealer. 


Upper Tract. 


Pendleton. 


Thomas E. Davis. 


10th. 


■N^irginia. 


Merchant and 












Banker. 


Grafton. 


Taylor. 


D. A. Dorsey. 


2nd. 


Virginia. 


Lumberman. 


Moimdsviile. 


Marshall. 


David W. Gall. 


10th. 


Virginia. 


Editor & Law. 


rhilippi. 


Barbour. 


Alpheus Garrison. 


31th. 


Pennsylvania 


Farmer & Mer. 


Pedler's Run. 


J.Ionongalia 


Henry B. Gilkeson.* 


12th. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Romney. 


Hampshire. 


Orlando Hardman. 


.3rd. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 


Grantsville. 


Calhoun. 


Charles II. Knott. 


13th. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 


Molers. 


.TeflVrson. 


Milton II. Lowther. 


4th. 


Virginia 


Merch.int. 


Elizabeth. 


Wirt. 


James II. Marcum. 


6th. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 


tlnntinstoi) 


C.I bell. 


Presley W. Morris. 


3rd. 


A^irginia. 


Editor & Law. 


Ritchie C. II. 


Ritchie. 


William Morris. t 


4th. 


Virginia. , 


Farmer. 


Mld'llelourne 


Tyler. 


.7. W. Morrison. 


9th. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 


Braxton C. H. 


Braxton 


Newton Ogdin.t 


4th. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 


St. Marys. 


Pleasants. 


Alexander Parks. 


13th. 


Marylard. 


Flour Man'f& 












Grain Merch. 


Martinsburg. 


Berkeley. 


B. J. Prichard. 


6th. 


Kentucky. 


Lawyer. 


Wayne C. H. 


Wayne. 


John A. Sheppard. 


7th. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Logan C. H. 


Logan . 


John W. St. Clair. 


8th. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Fayetteville. 


Fayette. 


Frank W. Stewart. ft 


1st. 


Virginia. 


Real Estate 












Agent. 


N. Cumberland 


Hancock. 


Cornelius C. Watts. 


9th. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Charleston 


Kanawl^a. 


Nelson E. Whitaker. 


1st. 


Maryland. 


Manufacturer. 


Wheeling. 


Ohio. 


Rankin Wiley, Jr. 


5th. 


Kentucky. 


Lawyer. 


Vt. Pl.^nsant. 


Mason. 


William G. Worley. 


13 th. 


Pennsylvania 


Lawver. 


Kingwood. 


Preston. 


,T. W. Yeater. 


2nd. 


Virginia. 


Physician. 


New Dale. 


Wetzel. 


John W. McCreary. 


7th. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Raleigh C. II. 


Raleigh. 



*llenrv B Gilkeson of Hampshire county, was elected at the general election 
in 1890 as the successor of Samuel L. Flournoy, who had resigned. 

tWilliam Morris, of Tayler county, in the Fourth District, contested the seat of 
Newton Ogdin, of Pleasants county, and was seated February 18, 1891. 

tlFrank W. Stewart, of Hancock county, in the First District, took his seat in 
the Senate he having been elected at a special election held January 3, 1891, for 
the unexpired term of B. J. Smith, who had died in vacation. 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



261 



Name. 


Nativity. 


Occup.\.Tioy. 


Po.st-Offick. 


COONTT. 


John W. McCkeaky, 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Raleigh C. H. 


Raleigh. 


President 










Holly G. Aem strong. 


Virginia. 


Merchant 


Jackson C. H. 


Jackson. 


Clerk. 










Will A. Strickler, 


Virginia. 


Clerk. 


Ritchie C. H. 


Ritchie. 


I>. R. Harding, 


Kentucky. 
Virginia. 




. Huntington. 


Cabell. 


.T. W. Wellman, 


Lawyer. 


Wayne C. H. 


Wayne. 


Assistant Clerks. 










11. S. Blair. Jr. 


West Virginia, 


, Lawyer. 


Ritchie C. H. 


Ritchie; 


Hilton McDonald. 


West Virginia. 


Teacher. 


.Mann. 


Logan. 


Henry A. Smith. 


Virginia. 


Merchant. 


Spcnce-. 


Roane. 


J.en Chambers. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 


Matvillo. 


Raleigh. 


J. C. McPherson. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 


Lewisburg. 


Greenbrier, 


Charles O'Grady. 


Ireland. 


Bookkeeper. 


Charleston. 


Kanawha. 


Committee Clerks. 










M. K. Tracy, 


Virginia. 


Clerk. 


Wheeling. 


Ohio. 


t^ergeant-at-arms. 










Willis Dent, 


Virginia. 


Miner 


Coal Valley. 


Fayette. 


Door-keeper. 










L. L. Kennett, 


West Virginia. 


, Student. 


Himtington. 


Cabell. 


<"amden Gall. 


West Virginia. 


. Student. 


Philippl. 


P. arbour. 


<;viy Warren, 


West Virginia. 


, Student. 


Charleston 


Kanawha. 


William D. Hopper, 


Kentucky. 


Student. 


Charleston 


Kanawha. 


Henry H. Wood, 


Ohio. 


Student. 


Charleston. 


Kar-.awha. 


Walker A. Carder, 


West Virginia. 


, Student. 


Charleston. 


Kanawha. 


Pages. 











Delegates. 



Name. 

liouis Bennett. Virginia. 

Wm. yi. Arnold. Virginia. 

John I'. Austin. Ohio. 

.1. M. Boggs. Virginia. 

Thomas C. Brown. Virginia. 

M. S. Bryte. Virginia. 

C. L. Campbell. Virginia. 

.Joseph E. Carle. Ohio. 

J. ^r. Carney. Virginia, 

.lames F. Clark. Virginia. 

C. F. Cook. Virginia. 

.John Corcoran. Virginia. 

AV. G. H. Core. Virginia. 

.\. S. Dandridge. Virginia. 

10. P>. Dyer. Virginia. 

R. 1». Erwin. Virginia. 

James H. Ferguson. Virginia. 

.John B. Finley. Virginia. 

Romeo. H .Freer. Ohio. 

A. D. Garden. Ohio. 

B. D. Gibson. Virginia. 
George Goad. Virginia. 
Samuel H. Gramm. Penn. 

H. J. Greer. Virginia. 

Samuel R. Hanen. Ohio. 

Henry A. Hartley. Virginia. 

Walter A. Hollo. Virginia. 

Geo. .V. llott. Virginia. 

S. .1. Ilovermale. Virginia. 

Albert S. Johnston. Virginia. 

Lester Keller. Ohio. 

.T. E. Kendall. Virginia. 

William C. Kiser. Virginia. 

John F. Laird. Maryl'd. 

J. H. Lambert. Keut'k'y. 

Robert Lamon. A'irginia. 

Van Linville. W. Va. 
Salmon W. Lockhart. Virginia. 

Charles W. Lynch. Virginia. 

Warren Miller. Ohio. 

M. W. Miller. Virginia. 

I. B. Moore. Virginia. 

Henry B. Morgan. Virginia. 

Aaron Morgan. Virginia. 

P. A. Pugh. Virginia. 



N.vtivity. Occupation. 



Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Farmer and Teacher. 

Physician. 

Architect. 

Farmer. 

Physician. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Glass Worker. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer. 

Jjawyer. 

Civil Engineer. 

Lawyer. 

Gardener. 

Lawyer. 

Mer. and Lum. Dealer. 

^Lin'f. and Lum. Dealer. 

Vavmcr. 

Teacher and Farmer. 

Farmer and Grazier. 

Farmer. 

Teacher and Farmer. 

Teacher and Farmer. 

Journalist. 

Physician. 

Farmer. 

Farmer. 

Lawyer. 

Farmer and Merchant. 

Farmer. 



Farmer. 
Lawyer. 
Lawyer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 
Farmer. 



Post-office. 

W-eston. 

Leading Creek. 

Redmud. 

Big Otter. 

Nicholas C. H. 

Bruceton Mills. 

Moorefleld. 

Volcano Junction. 

Jackson C. H. 

Col. Sui. Springs. 

Oceana. 

Wlieeling. 

St. Mary's. 

Sliepherdstown. 

Charleston. 

Orange Cave. 

Charleston 

Davis. 

Harrisville. 

Wheeling. 

Charles Town. 

Strange Creek. 

Grafton. 

Flat Rock. 

Glen Easton. 

Mason town. 

St. Clara. 

Cold Springs. 

Berkeley Springs. 

Fnion. 

Beury. 

Gazil. 

Franklin. 

Parkerslnirg. 

White's Creek. 

Martinsburg. 

Van. 

Reedy Ripple. 

Clarksburg. 

Jackson C. H. 

Loudensville. 

Frost. 

Rivesville. 

Porter's Falls. 

Fairview. 



County. 
Lewis. 
Gilmer. 
Mason. 
Clay. 
Nicholas. 
Preston. 
Hardy. 
Wood. 
Jackson. 
Greenbrier. 
Wyoming. 
Ohio. 
Pleasants. 
Jcfl'orsou. 
Kanawha. 
Greenbrier. 
Kanawha. 
Tucker. 
Ritchie. 
Ohio. 
.Jefferson. 
Braxton. 
Taylor, 
ifason. 
Marshall. 
Preston. 
Doddridge. 
Hampshire. 
Morgan. 
Monroe. 
Fayette. 
Kanawha. 
Pendleton. 
Wood. 
Wayne. 
Berkeley. 
Boone. 
Wirt. 
Harrison. 
.Tackson. 
Marshall. 
Pocahontas. 
Clarion. 
Wetzel. 
Hancock. 



262 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Name. 


Nativity 


Occupation. 


Post-Office. 


County. 


C. A. Prichard. 


Virginia. 


Farmer and I 


Aim. Dealer 


. Mannington. 


Marion. 


Isaac C. Price. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Raleigh C. H. 


Raleigh. 


George F. Kandall. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Pine Bluff. 


Harrison. 


Henry J. Samuels. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 




Barboursville. 


Cabell. 


J. A. Sarver. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Roxalana. 


Roane. 


David W. Shaw. 


Virginia. 


Teacher and 


Farmer. 


Philippi. 


Barbour. 


H. M. Shumate. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Concord Church. 


Mercer. 


Evi Sias. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Jefferson. 


Lincoln. 


Robert Simpscn. 


Virginia. 


Merchant. 




Wheeling. 


Ohio. 


Anthony Smith. 


Penn. 


Lawyer and 


Farmer. 


Wick. 


Tyler. 


Edgar W. St. Clair. 


Virginia. 


Farmer and 


Stock Dlr. 


Stewartstown. 


Monongalia. 


L. P. Stone. 


Ohio. 


Merchant. 




Belleville. 


Wood. 


Albert II. Stump. 


Virginia. 


Hotel. 




Grantsville. 


Calhoun. 


Wm. W. Thomas. 


Virginia. 


Timber Dealer. 


Winfleld. 


Putnam. 


Wm. R. Thompson. 


Virginia. 


Attorney at 


Law. 


Hinton. 


Summers. 


C. A. Wever. 


W. Va. 


Farmer. 




Martinsburg. 


Berkeley. 


Wm. M. Welch. 


Maryl'd. 


Lawyer. 




Keyser. 


Mineral. 


H. S. White. 


Virginia. 


Hotel. 




Logan C. H. 


Logan. 


Robert White. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 




Wheeling. 


Ohio. 


Stillman Young. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Stillman. 


Upshur. 


Louis Bennett, 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 




Weston. 


Lewis. 


Speaker. 












J. Bernard Peyton, 


Virginia. 


Clerk. 




Huntington. 


Cabell. 


Glerk. 












Wm. E. R. Bxrne. 


Virginia. 


Lawyer. 




Braxton C. H. 


Braxton. 


.1. M. SCROGIN, . 


Virginia. 


Book-keeper. 




Parkersburg. 


Wood. 


B. P. Conrad. 


Virginia. 


Clerk. 




.\ddison. 


Webster. 


Edwin L. Wood. 




Clerk. 




Charleston. 


Kanawha. 


Geo. S. Chilton. 


Virginia. 


Clerk. 




Charleston. 


Kanawha. 


Assistant Clerks 












M. C. McKay. 


Ohio. 


Butcher. 




Ravenswood. 


Jackson. 


, Thos. S. Haymond. 


W. Va. 


Student. 




Fairmont. 


Marion. 


Thos. M. Neale, 


W. Va. 


Student, 




Keyser. 


Mineral. 


J. B. Moore, 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Andy. 


Wetzel. 


J. M. Ferguson, 


Virginia. 


Editor. 




Hinton. 


Summer.s. 


M. D. Haines, 


W. Va. 


Book-keeper. 




St. Mary's. 


Pleasants. 


Committee Clerks. 










W. Brown Gibbs. 


Virginia. 


Clerk and F 


armer. 


Reedyville. 


Roane. 


8ergeant-at-Arms. 










Thos. L. Fbamster. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Lewisburg. 


Greenbrier. 


Doorkeeper. 












A. M. Campbell. 


Virginia. 


Farmer. 




Kessler's Cross 




Cloak Room Keeper. 






L,anes. 


Nicholas. 


John M. Doddridge, 


W. Va. 


Student. 




Charleston. 


Kanawha. 


Mail and Bankin>j Paije. 










E. B. Stephenson. 


W. Va. 


Student. 




Clay C. H. 


Clay. 


Leon M. Davis. 


W. Va. 


Student. 




Ceredo. 


Wayne. 


Journal and Bill Payes. 










J. W. Fry. 


W. Va. 


Student. 




Charleston. 


Kanawha. 


Wilbur Stump. 


W.Va. 


Student. 




Glen Elk. 


Kanawha. 


Richard Welch. 


W. Va. 


Student. 




Keyser. 


Mineral. 


Rollo Mahon. 


W. Va 


Student. 




Jackson C. H. 


Jackson. 


Floor Pages. 













THE TWENTY-FIRST LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston, January 11, 1893. Adjourned February 24, 1893.) 

Senators. 



First District — Nelson E. Whitaker 

of Ohio County, and William H. 

Tarr of Brooke County. 
Second — D. A. Dorsey of Marshall 

County, and James H. Furbee of 

Marion County. 



T/ii'rrZ — Orlando Hardman of Cal- 
houn County, and George W. Farr 
of Doddridge County. 

Fourth — William Morris of Tyler 
County, and High C. Henderson 
of Wood County. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West Viugixia. 



2G3 



Ft/^7i— Rankin Wiley, Jr., of Ma- 
son County, and Sylvestei' Hard- 
man of Roane County. 

Sixth — James H. Marcum of Cabell 
County, and James H. Stewart of 
Putnam County. 

Seventh — John A. Sheppard of Lo- 
gan County, and Wm. M. Mahood 
of Mercer County. 

Eighth— John AV. St. Clair of Fay- 
ette County, and William Haynes 
of Summers County. 

Ninth — Cornelius C. Watts of Ka- 
nawha County, and John E. Peck 
of Nicholas County. 



Tenth— David W. Gall of Barbour 
County, and Charles H. Scott of 
Randolph County. 

Eleventh — Alpheus Garrison of Mo- 
nongalia County, and William G. 
Worley of Preston County. 

Tivelfth — Solomon Cunningham of 
Pendleton County, and John B, 
Finley of Tucker County. 

Thirteenth — Alexander Parks of 
Berkeley County, and Robert 
Earl of Jefferson County. 



R.VNKIX WlLI.EY, .TR. 

William E. R. P.yisne. 

.T. W. BnMG.\KDXEK. 
W. S. BUETON. . 

Will A. Strickler. 
Henry A. Smitli. 
A. G. Neal. 
Bilton McDonald. 
W. H. King. 
C. L. Morris. 
O. J. Wilkinson. 
Thomas S. Haymond. 
E. .T. Sommpi-viiiu. 
L. L. Kennett. 
T. P. Combs. 
M. Burgpss. 
Everett Ilardmau. 
Henry Woods. 
Leon Morrison. 
Guy Warren. 



President. 

Clerk. 

Rergeant-at-aruis. 

Door-keeper. 

Assistant Clork. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Cleric. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Engrossing Clerk. 

Postal Messenger.. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Delegates. 



Mason County. 
Braxton County. 
Wirt County. 
Putnam County. 
Rltc-hie County. 
Roane County. 
Cabell County. 
Logan County. 
Upshur County. 
Tyler County. 
Cabell County. 
Mason County. 
Mason County. 
Cabell County. 
^Mineral County. 
Wayne County. 
Calhoun County. 
Kanawha County. 
.Taekscn County. 
Mineral County. 



Barbour — David W. Shaw. 

Berkeley— E. S. Tabler. 

Boone — James A. Allen. 

Brooke-Hancock Delegate District 

— Samuel W. Atkinson. 

Cahell — Alvin Davis and E. M. Mc- 
Allister. 

Calhoun — Aristotle Smith. 

Doddridge — iWalter HoUe. 

Fayette— T. P. Davis and J. R. 
Koontz. 

Gilmer — French N. Hayes. 

Greenbrier — Wm. McClung and 
James F. Clark. 

Hampshire — George A. Hott. 

Harrison — Edwin Maxwell and Hen- 
ry Wickenhofer. 

Jackson — George W. Staats and R. 
L. Thompson. 



Jefferson — A. S. Dandridge, Jr. 

Kanaxoha — William Seymour Ed- 
wards, John B. Floyd, W. W. Ri- 
ley and H. J. Wills. 

Kanawha — W. S. Edwards, John B. 
Floyd, W. W. Riley and H. J. 
Wills. 

Lincoln— H. B. Griffith. 

Logan — L. D. Chambers. 

Marion — John H. Brock and Clar- 
ence L. Smith. 

Marshall — B. P. Bowman an^d Geo. 
B. Games. 

Mason — John P. Austin and H. J. 
Greer. 

Mercer — H. M. Shumate. 

Mineral — H. Clay Shaw. 

Monongalia — James M. Anderson. 

Monroe — Albert S. Johnston. 



264 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Nicholas — F. L. McGee. 

Ohio — C. W. Brockunier, I. W. Im- 

hoff, J. B. Wilson, S. G. Smith* 

and M. J. O'Kane.* 
Pendleton — Peter Harper. 
Pleasants — Robert G. Hammett. 
Pocahontas — J. P. Moomau. 
Preston — H. A. Hartley and C. 

Hartmeyer. 
Put?iam — William W. Thomas. 
Raleigh— Isaac Prince. 
Ritchie — J. M. McKinney. 
Roane — N. B. Hoff. 
Hummers — Ballard P. Shumate. 
Taylor — Samuel H. Gramm. 
Tyler — Stephen G. Pyle 
Upshur — A. B. Clark. 
Wayne— P. H. Wilson and W. T. 

Workman. 
Wetzel — Charles J. Lavelle. 



Wirt—n. C. Trout. 

^yood — James Hunter, J. C. Kimes 

and Samuel T. Stapleton. 
Braxton-Clay Delegate District — 

George Goad and Richard Shel- 

ton. 
Lewis-Webster Delegate District — 
— B. P. Conrad and Wm. E. Lively. 
Randolph-Tucker Delegate District 

George H. Daniels and Lloyd 

Hansford. 
Hardy-Grant Delegate District — 

M. W. Gamble. 
Jefferson-Berkeley-Morgan Delegate 

District — John B. Brosius and 

Stuart W. Walker. 
.¥( Doioell-Wyoming Delegate Dis- 
trict— Alhert W. Cook. 
Tyler-Wetzel Delegate District — M. 

W. Burgess. 



D.wiD W. Shaw. 
.T. Reknard Teyton. 
C. P. Lynch. 

K. M. ViCKERS. 

Sila.s G. Crouch. 
Beauregard McCaw. 
.T. A. Hopkins. 
.T. R. Stanley. 
Alfred E. Kenney. 
P.. B. McCormick. 
Thomas M. Wilson. 
C. L. Campbell. 
George Kenna Welch. 
R. B. Smoot. 
Boniamin Wheeler. 
.T. K. McMahon. 
( iiarles H. Knapp. 
.Tames C. Hoge. 
Willie Trimble. 
Kenna McClung. 
Henry Lively. 
Fay Simon. 
John W. Fry. 
.T. A. Summerfield 



Sneaker. 

Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Mail and Banking I'age. 

Library Page. 

.Journal Page. 

.Tournal Page. 

Cloak Room Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

I'age. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Barbour County. 
Kanawha County. 
Lewis County. 
Boone County. 
Kanawha County. 
Cabell County. 
.Tefferson County. 
Pleasants County. 
Calhoun County. 
Wayne County, 
^lonongalia County. 
Hardy County. 
Kanawha County. 
(Jreenbrier County. 
Clay County. 
Ohio County. 
Barbour County. 
Putnam County. 
Nicholas County. 
Greenbrier County. 
Lewis County. 
Barbour County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 



THE TWENTY-SECOND LEGISLATURE. 



(Convened at Charleston, January 9, 1895. Adjourned February 22, 1895.) 

Senators. 



First District — William H. Tarr of 
Brooke County, and Nelson E. 
Whitaker of Ohio County. 

Second — James H. Furbee of Ma- 
rion County, and John A. Hoge 
of Wetzel County. 



Third — George W. Farr of Dod- 
dridge County and Stuart F. Reed 
of Harrison County. 

Fourth — High C. Henderson of 
Wood County, and H'enry C. Lock- 
ney of Calhoun County. 



*M. .T. Q'Kane. of Ohio county, successfully contested the seat of S. G. Smith, 
and (jualifled January IG, 1803. 



J90SJ 



The Legislaturk of West Virginia. 



265 



Fifth — Sylvester Hardman of 
Roane County, and James M 
Hensley of Mason County. 

Sixth — James H. Stewart of Put 
nam County, and James A 
Hughes of Cabell County. 

Seventh — Wm. M. Mahood of Mer 
cer County, and ^yilliam H. H 
Cook of Wyoming. 

Eighth— WiUiam Haynes of Sum- 
mers County, and Thomas P. Da- 
vies of Fayette County. 

NiPth — John H. Peck of Nicholas 



County, and George H. Patton of 
Kanawha County. 

Tenth — C. H. Scott of Randolph 
County, and U. G. Young of Up- 
bhur County. 

Eleventh — William G. Worley of 
Preston County, and Samuel H. 
Gramm of Taylor County. 

Twelfth — John B. Finley of Tucker 
County, and P. S. Hyde of Min- 
eral County. 

Thirteenth— B.o\>evt Earle of Jef- 
ferson County, and Brice W. Cat- 
lett of Morgan County. 



AVlLLI.MI (i. WOKLEY. 

,ToHN T. Harris. 

E.MMET W. SH0W.\LTER. 

Clarke W. May. 
C. W. Hall. 
L. W. Wade. 
AV. C. Worden'. 
Archibald A. Taylor. 
Henry G. Shaffer. 
Homer B. Woods. 
Winfield S. Starcher. 
Wirt R. Neal. 

CYRUS WiLLEY. 

IHram Campbell. 
.Tohn R. Herrman. 
i'layton E. Coleman. 
Lawrence McClure. 
<"harles E. Hughes. 
Wade Coffman. 
Kenna (J entry. 



I'resident. 

Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

lOngrossing Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeaut-at-arms. 

Diior-keeper. 

Mail and Banking 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Delegates. 



Preston County. 
Wood County. 
Marion County. 
Lincoln County. 
Kanawha County. 
Braxton County. 
Cabell County. 
Ohio County. 
Preston County. 
Ritchie County. 
Calhoun County. 
Wood County. 
Summers County. 
Calhoun County. 
Kanawha County. 
Marion County. 
Wayne County. 
Webster County. 
Harrison County. 
Kanawha County. 



Barbour — William B. Corder. 
Berkeley — George F. Evans, and 

Charles L. Stuckey. 
Boone— George Hill. 
Cahell — Jacob S. Davis and Thom- 
as Hawkins. 
Calhoun — G. W. Maze. 
Doddridge — J. R. Kemper. 
Payette — John McNabb and George 

P. Bumgardner. 
Gilmer — S. F. Whiting. 
Greenbrier — T. H". Jarrett and R. 

D. Erwin. 
Hampshire — Evan P. Pugh. 
Harrison — J. W. Hess and Harvey 

W. Harmer. 
Jackson — O. B. Kiser and Robert F. 

Fleming. 
Jefferson — Angus W. McDonald and 

A. S. Dandridge. 



Kanawha — W. H. H. Toler, Lewis A. 
Martin, Peter F. Jones and Wm. 
S. Edwards. 

Lincoln — J. D. Porter. 

Logan — S. B. Lawson. 

Marion — J. F. Sturm and J. H. 
Brownfield. 

Marshall— Ll. B. Purdy and T. C. 
Pipes. 

Mason — Byrd Hill and H. J. Greer. 

Mercer — James A. White. 

Mineral — Frances M. Reynolds. 

Monongalia — James M. Anderson. 

Monroe — ^^Marcellus J. Kester. 

Xicholas — J. D. Groves. 

Ohio — .Joseph C. Brady, Alex. R. 
Campbell, S. G. Smith and Abra- 
ham Stamm. 

Pendleton — William H. Boggs. 

Pleasants — Charles McKnight. 



266 



Archives akd History. 



[W. Va. 



Pocahontas — J. P. Moormau. 
Preston — William H. Glover and 

James W. White. 
Putnam — J. H. Collins. 
Raleigh — Isaac C. Prince,* and Azel 

Ford.* 
Ritchie — P. W. Morris. 
Roane — Cyrus A. Crislip. 
Summers — M. .1. Cook. 
Taylor — F. B. Blue. 
Tyler — Stephen G. Pyle. 
Upshur — A. B. Clark. 
Wayne — H. B. Adkins and J. G. 

Smith. 
Wetzel — Wm. Ankrom an5 John M. 

McKimmie. 
Wirt — A. Pearson. 
Woo(Z— Richard M. Corbitt, John C. 

Kimes and Samuel T. Stapleton. 



Brooke-Hancock Delegate District 
—Frank H. Smith. 

Tyler - Wetzel Delegate District — 
William Ankrom. 

Braxton-Clay Delegate District — 
Joseph A. Pierson and J. W. Kidd. 

Lewis-Webster Delegate District — 
Andrew Edmiston and J. M. Hoo- 
ver. 

TucJcer-Randolph Delegate District 
— J. F. Harding and Lloyd Hans- 
ford. 

Hardy-Grant Delegate District — 
John D. Rinehart. 

Morgan-Berkeley-Jefferson Delegate 
District — A. W. McDonald and 
Charles L. Stuckey. 

Wyoming-McDowell Delegate Dis-^ 
trict — A. W. Cook. 



WiLLiAjr SEyMOUR Edwards, 

William M. O. Dawsox. 

E. E. Hood. 

U. S. Davis. 

Marshall S. Oornwell. 

D. E. Mathews. 

B. F. Curry. 
Edward Corder. 

T. W. B. D ckwall. 
J. W. Graham. 
W. T. Alexander. 
W. B. Hawkins. 
David Thompson. 
John P. Austin. 
A. H. Mahonb. 
Alfred Philipps. 
Thomas Caldwell. 
Stillman Young. 
M. B. Morris. 
William Edmonds. 

C. N. Smith. 
G. L. Cuzzons. 
George T. Goshorn. 
Moore Fleming. 
Howard Jarrett. 

J. O. Summers. 
Walter Blue. 
Ralph Mever. 
W. W. Graham. 
Withers Adams. 
Romeo Crislip. 



Speaker. 

Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Cloak Room Keeper. 

Asst. Cloak Room Keeper. 

Librarian. 

Banking and Postal Page. 

.Journal Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Kanawha County. 
Preston County. 
Kanawha County. 
Preston County. 
Randolph County. 
Gabell Co^lnty. 
Lincoln County. 
Roane County. 
Morgan County. 
Wirt County. 
Putnam County. 
Cabell County. 
Tucker County. 
Mason County. 
Kanawha County. 
Fayette County. 
Wood County. 
Upshur County. 
Gilmer County. 
Wood County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 
Grant County. 



THE TWENTY-THIRD LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston, January 13, 1897. Adjourned February 26, 1897.) 

Senators. 



First District — Nelson E. Whitakcr 
of Ohio County, and Oliver S. 
Marshall of Hancock County. 



Second — John A. Hoge of Wetzel 
County, and S. W. Mathews of 
Marshall County. 



♦The seat of Isaac C. Prince, of Raleigh county, was successfully contested by -Azel 
Ford, who qualified January 14, 1895. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West Vibgi^^ia. 



267 



Third — Stuart F. Reed of Harrison 
County, and George W. Farr of 
Doddridge County. 

Fourth — Henry C. Lockney of Cal- 
houn County, and Commodore D. 
Dot&on of Wood County. 

Fifth — James M. Hensley of Mason 
County, and A. G. Hughes of 
Jackson County. 

Sixth — James A. Hughes of Cabell 
County, and Alonzo Garrett of 
Wayne County. 

Seventh— W. H. H. Cook of Wyo- 
ming County, and Carlos V. White 
of Logan County. 

Eighth — Thomas P. Davies of Fay- 
ette County, and N. C. McNeil of 
Pocahontas County. 



Ninth — George W. Patton of Kana- 
wha County, and E. G. Pierson of 
Clay County. 

Tenth — U. G. Young of Upshur 
County, and George C. Cole of 
Lewis County. 

Eleventh — Samuel H. Gramm of 
Taylor County, and Richard E. 
Fast of Monongalia County. 

Ttvelfth — P. S. Hyde of Mineral 
County, and Bernard G. Baker of 
Grant County. 

Thirteenth — Brice W. Catlett of 
Morgan County, and Harry C. 
Getzendanner* of Jefferson Coun- 
ty. 



Nelson B. Whitaker. 

John T. Harris. 

J. N. Devore. 

C, C. Hamrick. 

Emmett M. Showalter. 

Alexander R. Campbell. 

Frank M. Thomas. 

A. W. Bell. 

Louis E. Schrader. 

Edgar Stewart. 

Arthur Phillips. 

S. B. Browning. 

W. C. Worden. 

W. H. Young. 

Martin L. Jones. 

E. P. Babb. 

J. W. Stuck. 

E. Finle.y Kitson. 

Roscoe S. Lockney. 

Chandler Campbell. 

Charles B. Coleman. 

Lawrence McClure. 

A. H. Hughes. 

Joseph Lerov. 

Guy S. Deeds. 

Arthur Wotring. 

J. F. Wilson. 

Isaac Miller. 

Frank R. Perkins. 



President. 

Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Stenographer. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

.Tournal Clerk. 

Journal Clerk. 

Page. 

Mail and Banking Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Librarian. 

Cloak Room Keeper. 

Asst. Cloak Room Keeper. 



Ohio County. 
Wood County. 
Jackson County. 
Webster County. 
Marion County. 
Ohio County. 
Preston County. 
Clay County. 

Monongalia County. 
Fayette County. 
Logan County. 
Cabell County. 
Upshur County. 
Wyoming County. 
Mineral County. 
Doddridge County. 
Tyler County. 
Calhoun County. 
Ohio County. 
Kanawha County. 
Wayne County. 
Jackson County. 
Cabell County. 
Kanawha County. 
Preston County. 
Taylor County. 
Cabell County. 
Greenbrier County. 



Delegates. 



Barbour — James W. Gawthrop. 

Berkeley — James B. Small. 

Boone — F. Marion Vickers. 

Cabell — Edward A. Bennett and 
W. Childers. 

Calhoun — Alfred E. Kenney. 

Doddridge — E. G. Taylor. 

Fayette-^John L. Ryan and Christo- 
pher H. Payne. 



Gilmer — William M. Arnold. 
Greenbrier — Benjamin F. Harlow 

and William H. McClung. 
Hampshire — B. W. Power. 
Harrison — A. W. Davis and J. W. 

Hess. 
Jackson — John S. Darst and O. B. 

Kiser. 
Jefferson — J. Garland Hurst. 



*Harry C. Getzendanner. of Jefferson county, took his seat January 21, 1897, 
having successfully contested tha-t of G. W. Shafer. 



268 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



Kanawha — W. H. H. Toler, John H. 

Hunt, Robert E. Hughes and Pe- 
ter F. Jones. 
Lincoln — Grant Cremeans. 
Logan — P. D. Ferrell. 
Marion — John A .Bock and W. H. 

Bunner. 
Marshall — John W. Leach and S. 

R. Hanen. 
Mason — Byrd Hill and William W. 

Jackson. 
Mercer — J. C. Pack. 
Mineral — Charles F. Hahn. 
Monongalia — Geo. W. Laishley. 
Mcnroe — M. J. Kester. 
Nicholas — John D. Groves. 
Ohio — T. M. Garvin, H. F. Behrens, 

W. H. C. Curtis and W. H. Blon. 
Pendleton — John McCoy. 
Pleasants— George Kelsall. 
Pocahontas — M. J. McNeil. 
Preston — W. H. Glover and James 

W. White. 
Putnam — J. H. Collins. 
Raleigh— C. P. Stovei". 
Jiitchie — C. L. Zinn. 
Roane — A. R. Parsons. 
Summers — J. T. Hume. 



ToyZor— Humphrey F. Brohard. 

Tyler — A. L. Hughes. 

Upshur — Henry Colerider. 

Way7ie — W. L. Mansfield and H. B. 
Adkins. 

Wetzel — L. M. Stephens. 

Wirt—T. J. Owens. 

Wood — S. T. Stapleton, Charles 
Hunter ard A. T. Moriston, 

Brooke-Hancock Delegate District 

— Henry C. Hervey. 

Tyler - Wetzel Delegate District — • 
George H. Umstead. 

Braxton - Clay Delegate District — 
E. W. Cutlip and J. E. Sirk. 

LeiviS'Webster Delegate District — 
George W. Crook and C M. Dod- 
rill. 

Randolph-Tucker Delegate District 
— T. P. R. Brown and Lloyd Hans- 
ford. 

Hardy-Grant Delegate District — C. 
L. Hall. 

J0fferson-Berkeley-Morgan Delegate 
District — John Henshaw and Ro- 
manus Hunter. 

McDowell - Wyoming Delegate Dis- 
trict— H. M. Cline. 



Samthcl R. ITanex. 


Speaker. 


R. B. Hood. 


Clerk. 


Oyrus a. Crislip. 


Sergeant-at-arms. 


.TosEPir M. Allen. 


Door-keeper. 


Hon. .John B. Floyd. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Edward Corder. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Edwin M. Keatley. 


Assistant Clerk. 


.Toseph Sparks. 


Assistant Clerk. 


T. W. B. Duckwall. 


Assistant Clerk. 


('. Summers. 


Assistant Clerk. 


W. E. Crooks. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Hon. W. M. O. Dawson. 


Assistant Clerk. 


lioy Collins. 


Committee Clerk. 


William B. Mathews. 


Committee Clerk. 


1<\ C. Cook. 


Committee Clerk. 


W. H. Brand. 


Committee Clerk. 


E. H. Curtis. 


Committee Clerk. 


W. T. Grose. 


Committee Clerk. 


.Tohn P. Austin. 


Committee Clerk. 


Kced Crane. 


Committee Clerk. 


A. U. Stallings. 


Committee Clerk. 


S. 0. Pauley. 


Committee Clerk. 


Samuel Grimes. 


Committee Clerk. 


Samuel .Taeob. 


Committee Clerk. 


C. W. Moore. 


Mail and Banking Page. 


Kenna L. Hunt. 


Page. 


Edward Young. 


Page. 


Hollister Rummel. 


Page. 


Charles Neale. 


Page. 


Barbee McGill. 


Page. 


Willie Leach. 


Page. 


Freeman Einvillo. 


Page. 


John McEldowney 


Page. 



Marshall County. 
Kanawha County. 
Uoane County. 
Taylor County. 
Kanawha County. 
Uoane County. 
Mercer County. 
Cabell County, 
^lorsan County. 
Kanawha County. 
Mineral County. 
Preston County, 
r'utnam County. 
Marshall County. 
McDowell County. 
Marion County. 
Brooke County. 
Nicholas County. 
Mason County. 
Preston County. 
Grant County, 
liincoln County. 
Webster County. 
Brooke County. 
Harrison County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 
Kanawlia County. 
Kanawha County. 
Putnam County. 
Marshall County. 
IJncoln County. 
Wetzel County. 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



269 



Julius Kauffman. 
Phil H. Waters. 
Ira F. Jones. 
S. M. Davis. 
Fred Huskins. 



Page. 

Librarian. 

Assistan Door-keeper. 

Cloak Room Keeper. 

Cloak Room Keeper. 



Kanawha County. 
Kanawha County. 
Ohio County. 
Fayette County. 
Kanawha County. 



THE TWENTY-FOURTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston, January 11, 1899. Adjourned February 25, 1899.) 



Senators. 

District. Name. 

First Nelson E. Whitaker. 

Oliver S. Marshall. 
Second Jesse F. Sturm. 

S. V. Mathews. 
Third Anthony Smith. 

Ceorge W. Farr. 
Fourth Robert F. Kidd. 

Commodore I). Dotson. 
Fifth Marry C. Woodyard. 

A. G. Hughes. 
Sixth James H. Mareum. 

Alonzo Garrett. 
Seventli Jas. F. Beavers. 

Carlos V. White. 
Eighth Charles W. Osenton. 

N. C. McNeil. 
Ninth Walter L. Ashby. 

E. G. Pierson.* 
Tenth Stark L. Baker. 

George C. Cole. 
Eleventh Thomas F. Lanham. 

Richard E. Fast. 
Twelfth John J. Cornwell. 

Bernard J. Baker. 

Thirteenth Robert C. Burkhart 

. Harry C. Getzendanner.* 

OuvER S. Marshall. President. 

John T. Harris. Clerk. 

Louis E. Schrader. Assistant Clerk. 

W. B. Parkhdrst. Assistant Clerk. 

F. M. Thomas. Assistant Clerk. 

A. W. Bkll. Assistant Clerk. 

J. W. Stuck. Assistant Clerk. 

A. W. Brown. Assistant Clerk. 

E. F. Chapman. Assistant Clerk. 

E. W. McKnown. Assistant Qlerk. 
Edgar D. Baker. Committee Clerk. 
A. C- Holmes. Committee Clerk. 
D. T. McNeil. Committee Clerk. 
T. W. B. Duckwall. Committee Clerk. 

F. B. Burke. Committee Clerk. 
S. R. Hanen. Committee Clerk. 
Pierce Campbell. Committee Clerk. 
Charles W. Swisher. Sergeant-at-arms. 
C. C. Hayes. Door-keeper. 

Guy Deeds. Chief .Journal Page. 

A. Hoyt Hughes. Mail and Banking Page. 

Rnymond Fast. Page. 

Robert Cole. Page. 

Frank Creel. Page. 

J. A. White. Page. 

Charles Neal. Page. 

Alfred Lee. Page. 



Post-office. 

Wheeling, Ohio County. 
New Cumberland, Hancock Co. 
Sturm's Mills, Marion County. 
Moundsville, Marshall County. 
Wick, Tyler County. 
West Union, Doddridge County 
Glenville, Gilmer County. 
Parkersburg, Wood County. 
Spencer, Roane County. 
Ravenswood, Jackson County 
Huntington, Cabpll County. 
Shoals, Wayne County. 
Welch, McDowell County. 
Logan, Logan County. 
Fayetteville, Fayette County. 
Marlinton. Pocahontas Co. 
Charleston, Kanawha County 
Clay, Clay County. 
Beverly. Randolph County. 
Weston, Lewis County. 
Newburg, Preston County. 
Morgantown, Monongalia Co. 
Romney, Hampshire County. 
Petersburg, Grant County. 
Martinsburg, Berkeley County. 
Shepherdstown, Jefferson Co. 

New Cumberland. Hancock. 

Parkersburg. Wood. 

Wheeling. Ohio. 

Charleston. Kanawha. 

Preston. 

Clay. 

Doddridge. 

Hancock. 

Cabell. 

Roane. 

Randolph. 

Doddridge. 

Pocahontas. 

Morgan. 

Wood, 

Marshall. 

Calhoun. 

Fairmont. Marion. 

Thurmond. F.iyette. 

Kanawlia. 

Jackson. 

Monongalhi. 

Lewis. 

Taylor. 

Logan. 

Kanawha 

K.nnawha. 



*At the beginning of the session of 1809, protests were made against Harry C. 
Getzendanner and E. G. Pierson participating in the deliberations and proceedings 
of the Senate, they having served in the United States .\rmy, in the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war ; the former as Captain of Company M, 2d Regiment West Virginia In- 
fantry ; and the latter as Second Lieutenant of Company IT, Second Regiment West 
Virginia Infantry — both being lucrative offices under the United States Government 
— But the Senate, on January 24, 1899, decided that they should retain their seats. 



270 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



Delegates. 
Name. Codntt. Post-Office. Occupatiox. 

H F. Asbury I'lit-nam Liberty Physician. 

R B. Ash :\rarion (Jlover's Gap Farmer. 

J. Nelson Bakci- I'reston Kvansville Farmer. 

Isaiah Bee Mercer I'rinceton Physician. 

H F Behrens < >hio Wheeling Merchant. 

E'dward A. Bennett. . . .Cabell Huntington Farmer. 

Stuart H. Bowman . . . Harbour Valley Furnace Educator 

W. F. Brown Hancock Vrroyo Fruit Grower. 

H. L. Carter Boone Madison Physician. 

B. W. Connelly < )hio Wheeling Carpenter. 

Geo. W. Crook Lewis Vlum Bridge Farmer. 

J. A. Cunningham .... Randolph Vlpina Farmer. 

H. S. Cushwa Berkeley Martinsburg Merchant. 

W. B. Cutright I'pshur Buckhannon fiducator. 

J. S.'Darst lackson Cottagevillo Miller. 

John W. Davis Harrison Clarksburg Lawyer. 

Thomas B. Davis .... :Nnneral Keyser Farmer. 

W. R. D. Dent* Taylor ( Jrafton Lawyer. 

Jake Fisher P.raxton Sutton Lawyer. 

R. A. Gorrell Pleasants Twiggs Farmer. 

E. M. Grant Monongalia Morgantown Supt. Wat. Wk3. 

C. L. Hall Hardv Lo.st River Physician. 

J. J. Haptonstall .... Fayette Stone Cliff Physician. 

F. H. Harmison Morgan Berkeley Springs .... Merchant. 

H. F. Harnlsh Wood Parkersburg Manufacturer. 

French N. Hays «;ilmer Glenville l'\armer. 

Byrd Hill :Mason Beech Hill Farmer. 

A. L. Hughes Tvler Vlma Minister. 

John H. Hunt Kanawha Charleston Lawyer. 

Charles Hunter Wood Williamstown Trader. 

J. Garland Hurst .... Jefferson Harper's Ferry Farmer. 

T. H. Jarrett Greenbrier Blue Sulphur Springs. Farmer. 

W. H. Kelbaugh lackson Wiseburg Fducator. 

J. R. Kemper 1 )oddridge Long Run Minister. 

J. P. Knight Calhoun Big Bend Farmer. 

Frank Legge Marshall McMechen Railroad Agt. 

J. D. Logan.f Monroe Union I awyer. 

John H. Long P.raxton Heaters Fducator. 



M. P. Malcolm Kanawha Lewiston Physician. 

W. L. Mansfleld Wayne Wayne .Tournalist. 

L. A. Martin Kanawha Charleston Lawyer. 

Albert Meade ;.ogan Dingess Educator. 

Homer G. Merrill Wood Slate Farmer. 

C. F. Millender Wayne Ceredo Lumber Dealer. 

I. B. Moore Pocahontas Sunset Farmer. 

C. F. Morris Kanawha Jarrett Minister. 

]i W. Morrow .lifferson Charles Town .Tournalist. 

John McCoy Pendleton Franklin Farmer. 

Ralph McCov ( )hio Wheeling Brick Mason. 

Harrv. W. McClure . . Ohio Wheeling Hotel Keeper. 

Geo. C. Mcintosh .... Fayette Fayettevillo Journalist. 

Benjamin J Redmond.. Mason Palatine Publisher. 

Joun Nixon ?ilarshall Rosby's Rock Farmer. 

Robert E. O'Brien .... Wirt Burning Springs Merchant. 

J. A. Oldfleld McDowell Welch Lawyer. 

x-j. p. Raymond Greenbrier Frankfort Physician. 

Owen S.McKinnev. . . . Marion Maggie I'armer. 

R. W. Rine '. . . . Tyler Bird 1 >rummer. 

Julius Seherr P'reston Eglon Merchant. 

P.. P. Shumate Summers Pipestem Farmer. 

Geo. E. Smoot Lincoln Sheridan Fducator. 

N. A. Snuffer Raleigh Marshes Minister. 

Wilbur Spencer Roane Lincoln Minister. 

L. M. Stephens Wetzel New Martinsville .... Oil Operator. 

Wm. B. Stump Hampshire Romney Farmer. 

W T. Talbott Webster Vddison Lawyer. 

J. B. Taylor Cabell Ona Physician. 

Howard Wagoner . . . Tucker Davis Lawyer. 

R. L. Walker Nicholas Tipton Parmer. 

Z W. Wyatt Harrison Bridgeport Physician. 

C. L. Zinn Ritchie Auburn Farmer. 

' *Willla-m R. B. Dent, of Taylor county, took his seat in the House February 14, 
1899. he having successfully contested the seat of Humphrey F. Brohard. 

tin the spssion of 1899, J. D. Logan of :\Ionroe county, successfully contested 
■the seat of Charles M. Via, and by decision of the House qualified January 16, 1899. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West Viegixia. 



271 



Owen S. McKinney. 
Wm. E. R. Byrxe. 
J. Bernard Peyton. 

M. H. Dyer. 

William McDonald. 

J. \V. DiNGESS. 

B. L. Neville. 
T. A. Null. 
E. J. Wilcox . 
•C. A. Clark. 
D. J. W. Clarkson. 
Will A. Strickler. 
Alfred E. Kenney. 
P. R. T. Lynch. 

J. E. SUMMERFIELD. 

B. H. Webb. 
John C. .Johnson. 
R. D. IIarmison. 
Fred M. Seibert. 
.Joseph D. Smith. 
Muss Burgess. 
B. McCaw. 
Scott IjOwe. 
W. II. Poling. 
10. 11. Morton. 
Shirley H. Mitchell. 
•Tolin Patton. 
•C. H. Smith. 
Henrv Stephenson. 
A. N. Campbell. 
Frank Fry. 
Guy Poling. 
Lamar Q. Downtain. 
Raymond Young. 
-John E. Ivenney. 
.John McEldowney. 
T. .T. Meade. 
Alfred Huff. 
Fred Ilamrick. 



Speaker. Fairmont. Marion. 

Clerk. Charleston. Kanawha. 

Assistant Clerk. Ka'iawha. 

Assistant Clerk. .... ICanawh-i. 

Assistant Clerk. Mineral. 

Assistant Clerk. . . ; Lincoln. 

Assistant Clerk. Cabell. 

Assistant Clerk. Cabell. 

Assistant Clerk. Wayne. 

Assistant Clerk. Summers. 

Assistant Clerk. Kanawha. 

Assistant Clerk. Ritchie. 

Assistant Clerk. Calhoun. 

Committee Clerk. Gilmer. 

Commutee Clerk. Raleigh, 

Committee Clerk. Kanawha. 

Committee Clerk. Harrison. 

Committee Clerk. Tucker. 

Committee Clerk. Berkeley. 

Committee Clerk. .Jefferson. 

Committee Clerk. Wayne. 

Committee Clerk. Cabell. 

Committee Clerk. Marlon. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. Addison. Webster. 

Door-keeper. ICIizabeth. Wirt. 

Cloak Room Iveeper. ICanawha. 

Asst. Cloak Room Keeper .Jefferson. 

Gallery Door-keeper. 
Ivibrarian. 

Mail and Banking Page Kanawha. 

Page. Barbour. 

I'age. I'utnam. 

J'ago. ICanawha. 

I'age. Kanawha. 

I'ago. Wetzel. 

I^age, ^lingo. 

Page. 

Page. Clay. 



THE TWENTY-FIFTH LEGISLATURE. 
(Convened at Charleston January 9. 1901. Adjourned February 22, 1901.) 

Sexators. 



district. n.\me. 

■First Samuel George. 

Nelson E. Whitaker. 
Second Andrew Clark. 

•Jesse F. Sturm. 
Third Harvey W. Harmer. 

-Anthony Smith. 
Fourth Hiram Campbell. 

Itobert F. Kidd. 
Fifth ByrdlJill. 

Harry C. Woodyard. 
Sixth John Y. York. 

.James H. Marcum. 
Seventli < 'larke W. May. 

.Tames F. Beavers. 
Eighth Alex McVeigh Miller. 

( harles W. Osenton. 
Ninth Andrew .T. Horan. 

Walter L. Ashbv. 
Tenth W. B. Corder. 

Starke L. Baker. 
Eleventh Thomas E. Davis. 

'i'homas V. Lanham. 
Twelfth Richard C. Price. 

.John W. Cornwell. 
Thirteenth William Campbell. 

Robert C. Burkhart. 



Anthony Smith. 
Thomas .T. D.vvis. 
.John T. Harris. 
■Louis E. Schrader. 



President. 

President's Secretary. 
Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 



post-office address. 

Wellsburg, Brooke County. 
Wheeling, Ohio County. 
Dean, Wetzel County. 
Sturm's Mills, Marion County. 
Clarksburg, Harrison County! 
Harrisville, Ritchie County. 
Creston, Wirt County. 
Glenville, Gilmer County. 
Beech Hill, Mason County. 
Spencer. Roane County. 
Yorkville. Wayne County. 
Huntington, Cabell County. 
Hamlin, Lincoln County. 
Welch, McDowell County. 
Alderson, Monroe County. 
Fayetteville. Fayette County. 
Summersville, Nicholas Co. 
Charleston. Kanawha County. 
Astor. Taylor County. 
Beverly, Randolph County. 
Grafton, Taylor County. 
Newburg. Preston County. 
Moorefleld, Hardy Coupnt.v. 
Rorane.v, ITampshire County. 
Charles Town, Jefferson Co. 
Martinsburg, Berkeley County. 

Harrisville. 



ParKersburg. 
Wheeling. 



Ritchie. 
Monongalia. 
Wood. 
Ohio. 



272 



Archives a>'d History. 



[W. Va. 



R. M. Bakek. 

W. L. BOUGHNER. 

J. H. Meek. 
Frank H. Babb. 
John F. Blessing. 
.T. W. Stuck. 
Thomas O. Hokan. 
J. M. McVey. 
M. F. Mathey. 
John R. Foster. 
A. W. Goad. 
E. M. Heermans. 
r. Hal Marcum. 
J. K. Scott. 
E. W. Spurlock. 
George R. Jacobs. 

A. B. Clark. 
R. H. Cotton. 
Charles Tinder. 
Charles K. Pettit. 
Roy O. Shaffer. 
Ddncan McRa. 

B. H. Fitch. 
Fkank Tyrbe. 
David S. Pettigrew. 
Alfred Lee. 
William Thomas. 
Frank Beller. 

Fred Walker. 
Willard Steele. 
Garnet Gibson. 
Earl Fortney. 
James Baker. 
Ward Lanham. 
James H. Carwithen. 
Maury Robinson. 
William A. Barton. 
Nelson Edsington. 
Harry Brown. 
Joe Kenna. 
Homer O. Crookslianks. 



Assistant Clerk. Huntington. Cabell. 

Assistant Clerk. Marion. 

Assistant Clerk. Wayne. 

Assistant Clerk. Grant. 

Assistant Clerk. Mason. 

Assistant Clerk. Doddridge. 

Assistant Clerk. Clay. 

Assistant Clerk. Fayette. 

Assistant Clerk. Raleigh. 

Printing Clerk. Kanawha. 

Assistant Journal Clerk. Roane. 

Committee Clerk. Monongalia. 

Committee Clerk. Cabell. 

Committee Clerk. Greenbrier. 

Committee Clerk. I^incoln. 

Committee Clerk. Kanawha. 

Committee Clerk. T'pshur. 

Committee Clerk. Brooke. 

Committee Clerk. Summers. 

Committee Clerk. Wood. 

Committee Clerk. 

Engrossing Clerk. Ohio. 

Sergeant-at-arms. lluutinztun. Cabell. 

Ass't. Sergeant-at-arms. llun(in<.,'toii. Cabell. 

Door-keeper. Suninit'rsvillo. Nicholas. 

Chief Journal I'age. Kanawha. 

Journal I'age. 

.Ton null I'age. 

.Toinual I'age. 

Page. Ritchie. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. Marion. 

Page. Randolph. 

Page. Preston. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Delegates. 



County. 



Post-Office. 



Name. 

John D. Alderson Nicholas Summersville. 

John G. Aten Mason Letart. 

J. Nelson Baker Preston Evansville. 

Ira S. Bartlett Roane Spencer. 

R. F. Brammer Cabell Cox's Landing. 

W. W. Brannon Lewis Weston. 

T F Briant Summers Talcott. 

if. Lon. Carter Boone Madison. 

L. D. Chambers Logan Logan. 

J. C. Christopher Tucker Thomas. 

J. S. Cochran Clay Pleasant Retreat. 

E C Colcord Kanawha St. Albans. 

II T Cushwa Morgan Berkeley Springs. 

John S. Darst Jackson Ravenswood. 

Thos. P. D'avies Fayette Montgomery. 

Jake* Fisher Braxton Sutton. 

R M Fisher Morgan Berkeley Springs. 

C W. Good Jackson Sissonsville. 

K M Grant Monongalia. Morgantown. 

E W Grover Cabell Huntington. 

C L Hall Hardy Lost River. 

Virgil T. Handlfv Taylor West Grafton. 

Samuel D. Ilanna Mason Hartford. 

Benjamin F. Harlow Greenbrier Lewisburg. 

W. H. Harris Marsliall Glen Easton. 

French N. Hays Gilmer Glenville. 

James Hearn ' Mercer Ada. 

W T. Henshaw Berkeley Martinsburg. ' 

Henry C. Hervey Brooke Wellsburg. 

Malcolm Jackson Kanawha Charleston. 

T. H. Jarrett Grpenbrier Blue Sulphur Springs. 

Shelton Johnson K,anawha East Bank. 

Alferd E. Kennev Ctilhoun Arnoldburg. 

G. A. Laughlin Ohio Wheeling. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



27c 



Xajie. 



County. 



Post-office. 



T \ Law Barboui- Astor (Taylor County) . 

\ \ Llliy Raleigh Beckley. 

v. B.' Lowry Tyler Sistersville. 

L. M. Luzader Ritchie^ Harrisvllle. 

Lewis A. Martin Kanawha Charleston. 

C. P. Millender Wayne Ceredo. 

Claude J. Mitchell Putnam Plymouth. 

Aaron Morgan Wetzel Porter's Falls. 

L. J. Murphy Pleasants St. Mary's. 

L. M. McClintic Pocahontas Marlinton. 

Joseph R. McCluro Lincoln Sioto. 

John McOoy Pendletom Franklin. 

Abram McCulloch Ohio Clinton. 

Geo. C. Mcintosh Fayette Fayetteville. 

Perry Nicely Wood Parkersburg. 

J. W. Owens WV>od Williamstown. 

A. IS^. Prichard '. Marion Mannington. 

Francis M. Reynolds Mineral Keyser. 

J. S. Roberts Wetzel luka. 

Julius Scherr Preston Eglon. 

Josiah H. Sinclair Marshall Benwood. 

S. G. Smith Ohio Wheeling. 

R. R. Smith McDowell Welch. 

Samuel T. Ctapletou Wood Parkersburg. 

Henry Steck Ohio • Wheeling. 

W^illiam P.. Stump Hampshire Romney. 

Charles W. Swisher Marion Fairmont. 

W. G. Talbot Upshur Buckhannon. 

Charles M. Via Monroe Red Sulphur Springs. 

Llovd Washburn Harrison Good Hope. 

C. M. Wetzel* Jefferson Millville. 

Lewis C. Williams Webster Camden-on-Gauley. 

D. M. Willis Harrison Bridgeport. 

William G. Wilson Randolph Blkins. 

W. L. Wilson Wayne Ceredo. 

E. R. Woodyard Wirt Elizabeth. 

L. H. Zinn Doddridge Summers. 



William G. Wilson. 
C B. Kefauvee. 
Harry Shaw. 
E. C. Frame. 
W. B. Parkhurst. 
S. S. Buzzard. 
E. R. Hoffman. 
C. L. Topping. 
W, H. C. Curtis. 
E. E. Hood. 
John P. Austin. 
A. O. Stanley. 
H. S. Rum MEL. 
J. L. Shri\'er. 
T. G. Gates. 
J. F. Maynard. 
E. E. Watson. 
E. J. Slaughter. 
Kelly IMalcolm. 

E. G. Ryder. 

F. D. BuRK. 
Ivory C. Jordan. 
John K. Worden. 
Charles Siebert. 
Stanley Hodges. 

E. G. Young. 
S. C. Harless. 
.Tasper F. Kyle. 
J. C. Canfield. 

F. A. McGrew. 
J. T. Caldwell. 
W. H. Ramsey. 
A'incent Woodyard. 
J. A. Ripley. 

J. B. Knotts. 
Alvin B. Cummings. 



Speaker. 

Speaker's Secretary. 
Clerk. 

Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Assistant. Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. , 
Committee Clerk. ' 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk.. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Enrolling Clerk. 
Enrolling Clerk. 
Sergeant-at-arms. 
Ass't. Sergeant-at-arms. 
Door-keeper. 
Assistant Door-keeper. 
Mail and Banking Page. 



Klkins. 



»h. 



^lulvanc 



Ripley. 



Randol 
Taylor. 
Marion. 
Monongalia. 
Kanawha. 
Morgan. 
Lincoln. 
Kanawha. 
Ohio. 
Kanawha. 
Mason. 
Marion. 
Kanawha. 
.Jackson. 
Taylor. 
Mercer. 
Preston. 
Jackson. 
Nicholas. 
Braxton. 
Wood. 
Kanawha. 
Tucker. 
Ohio. 
Mineral. 
Barbour. 
Kanawha. 
Harrison. 
Greenbrier. 
Jackson. 
Wood. 
Fayette. 
Wirt. 
.Inckson. 
Marion. 
Ohio. 



*R. W. Morrow, elected November 6, 1900, as a member of the House from Jef- 
ferson countv. died before the beginning of the session, and at a spcial election held 
January 5, 1901, C. M. Wetzel was elected to fill the vacancy caused thereby. 



274 



Archives and History. 



[W. V\. 



Roscoe MuUins. 
John Sentz. 
Charles W. Neale. 
Prank McCray. 
Lawrence L. McCIure. 
James C. Aldredge. 
William H. Triplett. 
Arthur Arnold. 
W. L. Peters. 
Ernest Mickey. 
T. C. Davis. 
Claude Dickinson. 
E. T. Whorton. 



Ass't. Mail & Banking 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 



Page 

Kanawha. 

Kanawha. 

Marion. 

Wayne. 

Logan. 

Webster. 

I^ewis. 

Kanawha. 

Kanawha. 

Kanawha. 

Cabell. 

Fayette. 



THE TWENTY-SIXTH LEGISLATURE. 



(Convened at Charleston January 14, 1903. Adjourned February 27, 1903.) 

Senators. 



Di.sTniCT. Name. 

First Jacob Snyder. 

Samuel George. 
Second Charles E. Carrigan. 

Andrew Clark. 
Third Charles T. Caldwell. 

Thomas A. Brown. 
Fourth J. S. Darst. 

Byrd Hill 
Fifth Ci. A. Northcott. 

Clarke W. May. 
Sixth W. H. H. Cook. 

John Y. York. 
Seventh William H. McGinnis. 

M. F. Matheny. 
Eighth E. C. Colcord. 

B. O. Holland. 
Kinth Alex McVeigh Miller. 

Andrew J. Horan. 
Tenth Robert F. Kidd. 

Hiram Campbell. 
Eleventh Charles W. Swisher. 

Ira E. Robinson. 
Twelfth George C. Cole. 

Harvey W. Harmer. 
Thirteenth Stark L. Baker. 

W. B. Corder. 
Fourteenth L. J. Porman. 

Richard C. Price. 
Fifteenth John J. Cornwell. 

William Campbell. 



Clarke W. May. 
O. J. Wilkinson. 
.John T. Hauris. 
Louis E. Scheadee. 
John W. Fenton. 
w. l. bo0ghnee. 
J. H. Meek. 
H. W. Smith. 
Thomas O. Hoean. 
s. s. buzzeed. 

M. e. BOWEEMASTER. 

A. B. Shannon. 
Hugh Hammond. 
John P. Blessing. 
Ben.tamin H. Dunbar. 
A. D. Butts. 
Charles F. Tinder. 
James Harpold. 
John Wallace. 
.T. M. Caldwell. 
H. A. Stover. 
David Hill. 
Ambrose White. 
James Leanord. 



President. 

President's Secretary. 
Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant ClerK. 
Assistant Cleru. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Engrossing Clerk. 
Ass't. Engrossing Clerk. 
I'rinting Clerk. 
Assistant Printing Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 



Post-Office. 

Wheeling, Ohio County. 
Wellsburg, Brooke County. 
Benwood, Marshall County. 
Dean, Wetzel County. 
Parkersburg, Wood County. 
Elizabeth, Wirt County. 
Cottageville, Jackson County. 
Beech Hill, Mason County. 
Huntington, Cabell County. 
Hamlin, Lincoln County. 
Windom, Wyoming County. 
Yorkville, Wayne County. 
Beckley, Raleigh County. 
Beckley. Raleigh County 
St. .\lbans. Kana",^ha County, 
i^ogan, Logan County. 
Alderson, Monroe County. 
Summersville, Nicholas Co. 
'xlenville, Gilmer County. 
Creston, Wirt County. 
Fairmont, Marion County. 
Grafton, Taylor County. " 
Weston, Lewis County. 
Clarksburg, Harrison County. 
Beverly. Randolph County. 
Berrysburg, Barbour County. 
Petersburg, Grant County. 
-Moorefield, Hardy Count.v. 
Romney, Hampshire County. 
Charles Town, Jeferson Co. 

Hamlin. Lincoln. 

Cabell. 

Parkersburg. Wood 

Grafton. Taylor. 

Grafton. Taylor. 

Marion. 

Wavnc. 

Tyler. 

Clay. 

Morgan. 

Preston. 

W.yoming. 

Doddridge. 

Mason. 

Fayette. 

Kanawha. 

Summers. 

.Tfif kson. 

Ohio. 

Wood. 

Putnam. 

Mason. 

Logan. 

Marion. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West Vikgixia. 



275 



W. S. Clay. 
S. G. Pauley. 
John P. Austin. 
Taylor Marcum. 
E. J. Thomas. 
King Shepard. 
Alfred Snyder. 
A. M. Miller, Jr. 
Lewis Largent. 
P.. B. Watts. 
David S. Pettigrew. 
A. W. Mann. 
Paynor White. 
P>. J. Rpdmond, Jr. 
Willard Steele. 
La CO Corder. 
W. W. Thomas, Jr. 
< 'laude Dickinson. 
Raymond Sanders. 
H. O. Robinson. 
Robert Guinn. 
Richard Wilton. 



CommUtee Clerk. Raleigh 

Committee Clerk. Lincoln. 

Committee Clerk. Mason. 

Committee Clerk. Cabell. 

Committee Clerk. Jackson. 

Committee Clerk. Kanawha. 

Committee Clerk. Oliio. 

Committee Clerk. <iroenbrier 

Sergeant-at-arms. I'aw I'aw. Morgan. 

Ass't. Sergeant-at-arms Wayne. 

Door-keeper. Summersvullo Nicholas. 

Assistant Door-keeper. Greenbrier. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. ■ • ■ • ISIason. 

Page. Ritchie. 

Page. Harbour. 

Page. Putnam. 

Page. ^^'ayne. 

Page. fiercer. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. Kanawha. 

Page. Kanawha. 



Delegates. 

(The figure preceding the name of the connty indicates the number of Delegates 
10 which the county is entitled.) 



County. 



Xajib. 



Post-Office. 



Barbour 
Berkeley 



Boone . 
Braxton 



Brooke 
Cabell 



Stuart H. Bowman Phllippi. 

Jacob Sites Marlowe. 

John C. Hutzler Martinsburg. 

James H. Allen Six Mile. 

John S. Garee Canfleld. 

10. B. Carlin Sutton. 

C. G. Buchanan Wellsburg. 

i'hilip M. Merritt Barboursville. 

C. M. Buck Huntington. 

Chas. L. Simpson Huntington. 

Calhoun Alfred E. Kenney Grantsviue. 

Clay Mark C. Kyle Clay. 

Doddridge J. W. Bee Greenwood. 

Fayette J. W. Blizzard Nuttallburg. 

W. H. Martin (latewood. 

J. M. Ellis Mt. Hoptf. 

Gilmer French N. Hays Glenville. 

Grant C. M. Babb Falls. 

Greenbrier Dr. W. P. Lowe Falling Springs. 

H. L. Van Sickler Lewisbur.t;. 

Hampshire Dr. J. F. Gardner Capon Bridge. 

Hancock John E. Newell Mercer. 

Hardy J. Ward Wood Lost City. 

Harrison Edwin Maxwell.* Clarksburg. 

.rasper S. Kyle Clarksburg. 

Jackson A. W. Hawk SandyvlUe. 

Robert E. Hughes Ripley. 

Jefferson C. M. Wetzel Millville. 

Kanawha C. X. Edgington Charleston. 

Morris P. Shawkey Charleston. 

C. E. Rudesill Charleston. 

Shelton Johnson East Bank. 

Geo. C. Weimer St. Albans. 

Lewis Roy V. Chldester Weston. 

Lincoln' Joseph R. McClure Sloto. 

Logan . . Dr. Jas. E. McDonald Man. 

Marion H. R. Furbee Mannington. 

.Vmos O. Stanley Fairmont. 

.T. O. McNeeley Fairmont. 

Marshall W. H. Harris (ilen Easton. 

« T. E. Parriott Bannen. 

:Mason John G. Aten Chestnut. 

Samuel D. Hanna Hartford. 

Mercer Thomas Reed Oakvale. 

D. P. Crockett, M. D.. :\I. E. (Goodwill. 

Mineral Francis M. Reynolds Keyser. 

Mingo Geo. R. C. Wiles. Williamson. 

^Monongalia Altha Warman Morgantown. 



*Died during the session, February 5, 190." 



276 



Archives aivd History. 



[W. Va. 



1. Monroe . . 

1. Morgan . 

2. JklcDovvell 



Nicholas 
Ohio . . . 



1. Pendleton 

1. Pleasants 

1. Pocahontas 

2. Preston 

1. Putnam 

1. Kaleish . . 

1. Randolph 

2. Ritchie . . 

2. Roano . . . 

1. Summers 

1. Taylor . . 

1. Tucker. .. 

2. Tyler 

1. Upshur . 

2. Wayno . . 

1. Webster . 

1. Wetzel . . 



1. Wirt 
3. Wood 



1. Wj-oming 



Frank P. Moats. 
Harry Siiaw. 
C. L. Topping. 
W. B. Parkhuest. 

HOLLISTER S. RUMMEL. 

.T. p. Glass. 
H. G. Johnson. 
Stanley Hodges. 
Kelly Malcolm. 
Upshur Higginbotiiam. 
Clark Colerider. 
.T. L. Shriver. 
.T. F. Maynard. 
W. E. Crooks. 
Bert E. Sayee. 
Camden Swisher. 
C. H. Bell. 
Gilbert Holman. 
Phil Waters. 
J. Bernard Peyton. 
J. E. Boyer 
Samtjel T. Stapleton. 
Charles Siebert. 
Sylvester Curtis. 
C. R. Martin. 
Stanley Cunningham. 
F. C. Cooke. 
Daniel Montague. 
e. burch koen. 
Elliah McRa. 
George S. Moore. 
Harry N. McCeory. 
C. Stephens. 
George W. Hanna. 
h. h. worden. 
Edgar McRa. 
.T. M. Maynard. 
Harry Hallanhan. 
Ernest Miller. 



Lewis C. Snyder Morgantown. 

. . .Geo. Alderson, Jr Alderson. 

. . . S. C. Cross Great Cacapon. 

. . . W. S. Cope McDowell. 

Harvey Hagerman Bradshaw. 

. . . Isaac A. Dix Ivirkwood. 

. . .Ralph McCoy Triadelphia. 

Daniel Moody Wheeling. 

Wm. G. Caldwell Wheeling. 

Henry W. Schrebe Wheeling. 

. . .M. G. Trumbo Brandywine. 

. . .T. C. Davis Wasp. 

. . . Dr. J. P. Moomau Greenbank. 

. . . W. B. Freeland Terra Alta. 

J. W. Davis Etam. 

. . . Wm. G. Barnhart Red House Shoals. 

. . . W. S. Steele Marshes. 

. . . Lew Greynolds Elkins. 

.. .E. C. Goffi GofEs. 

Benjamin McGinnis Ellenboro. 

. . . J. G. Schilling Spencer. 

C. C. Kelley Reedyville. 

. . .M. M. Warren Pence Springs. 

. . . Virgil T. Handley Grafton. 

. . .A. M. Cunningham Parsons. 

. ..T. P. Hill McKim. 

R. L. Gregory Sistersville. 

. . . Henry Colerider •. . .French Creek. 

. .D. B. Hardwick Fort Gay. 

M. M. Morrison Wayne. 

. . .E. H. Morton Webster Springs. 

. . F. M. Keller Hundred. 

A. F. Dulaney West. 

. . .G. A. Burdett Lucile. 

. . . Frank P. Moats Parkersburg. 

F. P. Hatfield Leachtown. 

I. S. McPherson Lubeck. 

. . . John W. Cook Jesse. 



Speaker. 
Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant ClerK. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Cierii. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Lieriv. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk, 
t^ommittee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee cierk. 
Committee Cierk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
<'ommittee Clerk. 
Sergeant-a t-arms. 
Ass't. Sergeant-at-arn 
Door-keeper. 
Page. 
Page. 



Parkersburj 
I'^airmont. 

Charleston. 



Wood. 

Marion. 

Kanawha. 



Roane. 
Wood. 
Ohio. 
ffhio. 
Tyler. 
Tucker. 
McDowell. 
Kanawha. 
Marion. 
Monongi 
Roane. 
Marion. 



la. 



Macdoiiald. 



Tucker. 

Jackson. 

Favette. 

Cabell. 

Pleasants. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West Viucixia. 



277 



H. Latimei- Hughes. 


Page. 


J. Buell Swope. 


Page. 


Percy Love. 


Page. 


Leo Woods. 


Page. 


Edgar Sites. 


Page. 


Clay Scott. 


Page. 


Arthur Smith. 


Page. 


William Truslow. 


Page. 


John Goshorn. 


Mail i 


Roy Rutherford. 


Page. 


George Hilsheimer. 


Page. 


Lonnie Dorsey. 


Page. 


Lvle Olston. 


Page. 


Paul Kyle. 


Page. 


Clarence Cook. 


Page. 


.John Moms. 


Page. 


Herbert Skeens. 


Page. 



and Banking Page. 



.Tackson. 
Summers. 
T.nvlor. 
Cabell. 
Berkeley. 
Barbour. 
Kanawha. 
Kanawha. 
Kanawha. 
Webster. 



THE TWENTY-SEVENTH LEGISLATURE. 



(Convened at Charleston, January 11, 1905. Adjourned March 1, 1905.) 



Sexators. 



District. 

First 

Second 

Third 

Fourth 

Fifth 

Sixth 

Seventh . . . . 

Eighth 

Ninth 

Tenth 

Eleventh . . . 

Twelfth 

Thirteenth . 
Fourteenth . 
Fifteenth . . . 



Name. 



Post-Office. 



Oliver S. ^Marshall New Cumberland, Hancock Co. 

.Jacob Snyder Wheeling. Ohio Couutv. 

T. P. Hill McKim, Tyler County. 

Charles E. Carrigan Moundsville, Marshall County. 

Samuel Hatfield Cairo, Ritchie County. 

Charles T. Caldwell Parkersburg. Wood County. 

E. W. McKown Spencer, Roane County. 

J. S. Darst Cottageville, Jackson County. 

Ira Clay Hicks Hurricane, Putnam County. 

Gustavus A. Northcott ...Huntington Cabell County. 

William W. Whyte Welch, McDowell County. 

W. H. H. Cook Windom, Wyoming County. 

W. A. Ballard Crimson Springs, Monroe Co. 

W. H. McGlnnis lieckley, Raleigh County. 

Joseph A. Browning Madison, Boone County. 

E. C. Colcord St. Albans, Kanawha County. 

William Simpson Johnson.. Red Star, Fayette County. 

Alex McVeigh Miller Alderson, Greenbrier County. 

Jake Fisher Sutton, Braxton County. 

Robert F. Kidd Glenville, Gilmer County. 

Joseph H. McDermott .... Morgantown, Monongalia Co. 

Charles W. Swisher Fairmont, Marion County. 

Arthur K. Thorn Clai-ksburg Harrison >.'ounty. 

George C. Cole Weston, Lewis County. 

W. D. Talbott Buckhannon, bp.5uur County. 

Stark L. Baker Beverly, Randolph County. 

Samuel B. Montgomery . . Tunnelton, Preston County. 

L. J. Forman . . . Petersburg, Grant County. 

William Campbell Charles Town, Jefferson Co. 

John J. Cornwell Romney, Hampshire County. 



Gustavus A. Northcott. 
John E. Day. 
John T. Harris. 
Louis E. Sheader. 

0. J. Wilkinson. 
John S. Scott. 
A. G. Hughes. 

W. L. BOUGHNER. 

A. AV. Brown. 
J. W. Stanley. 
F. C. Cook. 
Hugh L. Hammond. 
A. D. Butts. 
H. W. Smith. 
H. W. B. Mullins. 
Charles F. Tinder. 
H. G. Johnson. 
Homer Gray. 

1. A. Lytlb. 
M. S. Hodges. 



President. 


Huntington. 


Cabell. 


President's Secretary. 
Clerk. 






Parkersburg. 


Wood. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Wheeling. 


Ohio. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Huntinarton. 


Cabell? 


Assistant Clerk. 


Fairmont. 


Marion. 


Assistant Clerk. 


K^ngwood. 


Preston. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Morgantown. 


Monongalia. 


Assistant Clerk. 


New Cumberland 


Hancock. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Cottageville. 


Jackson. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Welch. 


McDowell. 


Assistant Clerk. 


West Union. 


Doddridge. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Charleston. 


Kanawha. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Middlebourne. 


Tyler. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Madison. 


Boone. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Hinton. 


Summers. 


Assistant Clerk. 


Elkins. 


Randolph. 


Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 















278 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



J. M. McVey. 

S. W. Moon. 

H. T. Lyttletox. 

B. T. Nern. 

Alfred Lee. 

Clark Colerider. 

S. O. Ddnlap. 

W. H. Morgan. 

W. E. Hill. 

D. J. Senseman. 

S. A. McVet. 

W. E. Swan. 

R. C. Lilly, .Jr. 

R. A. Doogla.ss. 

Homer Parkin.s. 

P. H. Anderson. 

J. K. Scott. 

Alfred Boggs. 

A. C. Campbell. 

Elmo McVey. 

J. L. Buckley. 

Ha.sten Jones. 

A. B. Shannon. 

W. P. Vickers. 

J. D. Parriott. 

A. L. Anderson. 

Arthur .J. Thompson. 

Thomas O'Brien, Jr. 

Byrd Hill. 

J. M. Horsey. 

W. B. Pedigo. 

Moses Darst. 

William L. Peters. 

M. W. Ryan. 

Reynor White. 

Russell H. Barr. 

Russell Lutes. 

Charles E. Campbell. 

John Burns. 

Robert Cole. 

Robert J. Williamson. 

Clay Scott. 

Benamin J. Reclmond, Jr. 

Smith Coldwell. 

Denver H. Graham. 

Robert Cole. 

Alonzo Dorsey. 

James Wentz. 



Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clei-k. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Sergeant-at-arms. 
Ass't. Sergeant-at-arms. 
Door-keeper. 
Bill Clerk. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. « 
Page. 
Page. 



Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Mail and Banking 

Page. 

Page. 



Wheeling. 



Ohio. 



Clay. 
Parkersburg. 



Clay. 
Wood. 



Page. Weston. 



Lewis. 



Delegates. 



County. 

1. Barbour 

2. Berkeley. 



Name. 



Post-Office. 



1. Boone. . 
3. Braxton. 



1. Brooke. 
3. Cabell . 



1 . Qilhoun . 

1. Clay 

1. Doddridge. 
3. Fayette . 



]. Gilmer . . 

1 . Grant. . . 

2. Greenbrier 



Hampshire. 
Hancock . . 
Hardy . . . 
Harrison . 



2. Jackson 



.V. W. Kittle Philippi. 

.John C. Hutzler Martinsburg. 

W. W. Westphal Martinsburg. 

.J. C. Edelman Madison. 

. E. B. Carlin .Sutton. 

R. M. Cavendish Sutton. 

.C. B. Scott Bethany. 

.D. B. Smith Huntington. 

Lew F. Chapman Huntington. 

W. G. Hensley Sarah. 

..L T. Waldo Grantsville. 

.Dr. T. D. Nutter Ivydale. 

. Alfred C. Holmes West Union. 

. G. E. W. Wood Victor. 

W. H. Rardin Mt. Hope. 

H. H. Railey Montgomery. 

. B^rench N. Hays Glenville. 

. .John D. Rinehart Seymourville. 

. Jno. A. Preston Lewisburg. 

William H. McClung Duo. 

. G. K. Kump Romney. 

. George D. Ingram Congo. 

. J. Ward Wood Lost City. 

.Haymond Maxwell Clarksburg. 

:^L C. Jarrett Shinnston. 

.James A. Seaman Ripley. 

Robert T. Wetzel Ravenswood. 



190S] The' Legislature of West Virginia. 279 



1. Jefferson C. il. Wetzel Charles Town. 

5. Kanawha George Walker Pratt. 

Fred Paul Grosscnp Charleston. 

John S. McDonald Charleston. 

L. E. McWhorter Charleston. 

B. E. Carney Sissonsville. 

1. Lewis . . W. R. Jewell Alkire's Mills. 

3 . Lincoln lefferson Lucas Fourteen. 

1. Logan Bruce McDonald Logan. 

0. Mai ion Lamar C. Powell Fairmont. 

Thos. W. Fleming Fairmont. 

James B. Fox Farmington. 

2. Marshall Charles McCamic Moundsville. 

Josiah Sinclair Benwood. 

2. Mason O. B. Harper Pt. Pleasant. 

Alonzo u. Kelly Henderson. 

2. Mercer James Hearn Ada. 

E. S. Baker Bramwell. 

1. Mineral Z. T. Kalbaugh Keyser. 

1. Mingo F. H. Evans Williamson. 

2. Monongalia Altha AVarman Morgantown. 

Zimri Ammons Core. 

1. Monroe George Alderson, Jr Alderson. 

1. Morgan M. L. Maysilles Sleepy Creek. 

2. McDowell L C. Herndon Welch. 

Harvey Hagerman Bradshaw. 

1. Nicholas W. D. Huft' Summersville. 

4. Ohio Daniel D. Moody Wheeling. 

Daniel Maxwell Wheeling. 

.Joseph R. Naylor Wheeling. 

Robert Hazlett Wheeling. 

1. Pendleton G. L. Kiser Franklin. 

1. Pleasants C. P. Craig St. Mary's. 

1. Pocahontas .J. AV. Price Marlinton. 

2. Preston Joseph W. Davis Etam. 

William B. Freeland Terra Alta. 

1. Putnam Joseph Santrock Raymond City. 

1. Raleigh M. H. Griffith Abney. 

1. Randolph Warwick Hutton Huttonsville. 

2. Ritchie C. L. Zinn Auburn. 

Job Musgrave Harrisville. 

2. Roane . E. M. Riddle Spencer. 

C. C. Kelley Cyrus. 

1. Summers F. M. Gallaher Hinton. 

1. Taylor Thomas F. Lanham Grafton. 

1. Tucker John R. Laughry Hannahsville. 

2. Tyler L. W. Parks Atwood. 

W. Russ Smith Sistersville. 

1. Upshur Robert A. Reger Buckhannon. 

2. AVayne Samuel V. Crum Fort Gay. 

Byron L. Osburn East Lynn. 

1. Webster J. S. Cogar AVebster Springs. 

1. AA'etzel Clarence M. Stone AVade. 

Aaron Morgan Porter's Falls. 

1- Wii't A. J. Mitchell Burning Springs. 

0. Wood R. H. Adair Parkersburg. 

J. W. Owens Williamstown. 

E. P. Dye Lockhart's Run. 

1. AA \ oming Thomas A. Cook AA'indom. 

Fred Pacl Grosscup. Speaker. Charleston. Kanawha. 

Harry Shaw. Clerk. Fairmont. Marion. 

C. L. TOPPIXG. Assistant Clerk. Charleston. Kanawha. 

W. B. Parkhurst. Assistant Clerk. 

M. L. D.4.VIS. Assistant Clerk. 

S. S. BrzzERD. Assistant Clerk. 

J. P. (Jlass. Assistant Clerk. 

Best E. Sayre. Assistant Clerk. 

J. L. Shriver. Assistant Clerk. 

O. A. ASHBCRN. Assistant Clerk. 

George W. Strum. Assistant Clerk. 

E. F. Morgan. Assistant Clerk. 

K. C. Moore. Assistant Clerk. 

S. P. Smith. Assistant Clerk. 

Adoi.ph Scherr. Assistant Clerk. 

W. C. WORDEN. Assistant Clerk. 

R. M. AA'ARMAN. Assistant Clerk. 



280 



Archives A^•D History. 



[W. Va. 



Camden Swisher. 
W. E. Arnett. 

H. S. RUMMEL. 

Arthur J. Thompson. 
Marshall Higginbotham. 
Alvin Cdmmins. 
Sylvester Curtis. 
Lawrence Petty. 
Phil Waters. 
C. M. IIaddox. 

A. T. MORRISTON. 

J. W. Lively. 
John W. Cook. 
Walter Hallanan. 
L. W. Hays. 
J. O. Summers. 
C. W. Wolf. 
H. N. Worden. 
C. N. Edgington. 
William Edmonds. 
Robert Beckley. 
Holly Peden. 
John Hoffman Goshom. 
Milton W. Young. 
Warren R. Staunton. 
Leonard Gaskins. 
James Snyder. 
Fred Cbenowith. 
Oscar Akers. 
Clarence Walker. 
Charles M. Lewis. 
Charles Baumgardner. 
W. A. Bender, Jr. 
Willie Leftwich. 
L. G. Young. 
Daniel Morgan. 
Charles Cohen. 



Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. Clarjcsburg. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. • • 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. i ' ' '■ 

Sergeant-at-arms. Davis. 

Ass't. Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. Pnrkor^bur; 

Assistant Door-keeper. 

Assistant Door-keeper. 

Mail and Banking Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. . . . 

Page. 



THE TWENTY-EIGHTH LEGISLATURE. 



(Convened at Charleston, January 9, 1907. Adjourned Marcli 5, 1907.) 



Senators. 



District. 



Name. 



Post-office. 



First 



Robert Hazlett Wheeling, Ohio County. 

Oliver S. Marshall .New Cumberland. Hancock Co. 

Second J. W. Santee Burton. Wetzel Coiu'ty. 

T. P. Hill Middlebourne, Tvler Couutv. 

Third Thos. Gartlan J'arkersburg, Wood Count v". 

Samuel Hattield Cairo, Ritchie County. 

Fourth G. W. Cossin (iunville, Mason Countv 

E. W. McKown Spencer, Rcane County". 

Fifth Wm. A. Carroll* Hamlin, Lincoln Coiintv. 

J. D. Porter* Hamlin Lincoln CountV. 

Ira Clay Hicks Hurricane, Putnam Countv. 

Sixth H. S. White Matewan. Mingo County.' 

W. W. Whyte Welch. McDowell Coimtv 

Seventh E. S. Baker Hramwell. IMoicer County. 

W. A. Ballard Crimson Springs, Monroe Co. 

Eighth Adam B. Littlepage Charleston. Kanawha County. 

F. C. Leftwicht Madison, Boone County. 

Ninth Ales McVeigh Miller \lderson, Monroe County. 

W. S. .Johnson Red Star, Favetto Countv. 

Tenth R. F. Kidd Glenville. Gilmer County. 

Jake Fisher Sutton Braxton County. 

Eleventh B. F. Bailey Grafton, Taylor County. 

Joseph H. McDermott . . . .Morgantown, ]\Ionons;dlia Co. 
Twelfth O. A. Ashburn West Union, Doddridge Co. 

*William A. Carroll, of Lincoln county, in the Fifth District, was elected at a 
special election, January 26th, 1907, as the successor of .7. D. Porter, deceased. 

fF. C. Leftwich, of the Eighth District, was elected as the successor of Joseph A. 
Browning, deceased. 

JWilliam Dawson Talbot, of Upshur county, in the Thirteenth District, died at 
Charleston, February 21, 1907 ; and the vacancy was filled by William Post, of the 
same county, elected at a special election held January 11, 1908. 



190S] 



The Legislature of West Virginia. 



281 



Thirteenth 

Fourteenth 
Fifteenth . 



Arthur Iv. Thorn Clarksburg, Harrison County. 

. F. O. Blue I'hilippi, Barbour County. 

Wm. Dawson Talboctri: . . .Ruckhannon, Upshur County. 

William Post} Buckhannon, Upshur County. 

. L. J. Forman Petersburg, Grant C")jnt> . 

Samuel B. Montgomery ..Tunnelton. Preston County. 
. Gray Silver Inwood. Berkeley County 

William Campebll Charles Town. Jefferson Co. 



Jo'SEPH H. McDermott 

E. E. Hood. 

JoHX T. Harris. 

Louis E. Schrader. 

Homer Gray. 

M. L. Davis. 

Hugh L. Hammond. 

H. W. B. MULLIXS. 
W. L. BOUGHXER. 
O. J. WiLKIXSOX. 

A. D. Butts. 
W. C. Hedrick. 
R. M. Bkowx. 

G. T. SHARM3R. 

M. L. Jacksox. 
Arthur .T. Thompsox. 
C. W. Phillips. 
Feaxk E. Wattermax. 
C. F. Hardex. 
Philip G. Walker. 
R. C. Lilly. 
Lewis L-^rgext. 

JOHX T. SiMPSOX. 

Rayxor White. 
Bexjamix J. Redmoxd. 
Clark Colerider. 
J. K. Scott. 
James Sovine. 
Jacob D. Smith. 

E. L. Hays. 
Bexjamix Hoxecker. 
R. Wade Cook. 

F. W. Stevens. 

E. M. JoHxsox. 
H. P. Sturm. 
Kelly Malcolm. 
Russell Lutes. 
J. E. Peck. 
Alvix Cummixs. 
Phil H. W.\ters. 
Cyrus Crislip. 

J. B. Hillery. 
Tom Booxe. 
W. H. Copeland. 
W. B. Barnett. 
H. M. Adams. 
Douglas Hughes. 

F. A. Wilkin. 
Floyd Cale. 
W. A. Fisher. 
O. W. West. 

J. W. B. Evans. 
W. P. Vicars. 
J. S. Lilly. 
John Thayer. 
Will E. Loxg. 
L. S. Axdersox. 
C. V. Gouqii. 
C. H. Hetzel. 
Robert Williamson. 
R. T. Rymer. 
George Mankin. 
.Tames Wentz. 
Warren Stanton. 
William Riheldaffer. 
William Stewart. 
Isaac Cohen. 
H. S. Holley. 



President. 

President's Secretarv. 
Clerk. 

Chief Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant ClerK. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Assistant Clerk. 
Chief Journal Clerk. 
Mailing & Bankinsj Clerk. 
Asst. Mailing & Bkg. Ck. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Committee Clerk. 
Journal Clerk. 
Sergeant-at-arms. 
Ass't. Sergeant-at-arms. 
Door-keeper. 
Assistant Door-keeper. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 
Page. 



]\Iorgantown. 
Charleston. 
I'arkersburg. 
Wheeling. 



Monongalia. 
Kanwha. 
Wood. 
Ohio. 



Meade ville. 
Grafton. 



Tyler. 
Tayior. ' 



Archives and History. [W. Va. 



Fred Chenowetli. Page. 

Earl Hunt-. Page. 

Ross Stine. Page. 

Harry Hart. Page. 

Charles Campbell. Page. 

Denver A. Graham. Page. 

Johnson Kirltl. Page. 

Russell Wehrle. Page. 

Arthur Terrell. Page. 

Frank Snyder. Page. 

James E. Makolm. Page. 



Delegates. 



County. Name. Post-Office. 

1. Baibour Thomas C. Boyles Philippi. 

2. Bei-kel.^v George Rvneal, Jr Martinsburg. 

I. W. Wood Hedgesville. 

1. Boone B. M. Hager Uewltt. 

2. Braxton S. Wise Stalnaker Flatwoods. 

T. M. Dean Sutton. 

1 Brooke <^- K- Jacob Wellsburg. 

Cabell ' ' ' " " " 'f. L. Hersey Guyandotte. 

D. B. Smith Huntington. 

R. F. Brammer Cox's Landing. 

3 . Calhoun Alfred B. Kenney Grantsville. 

1. Clav J. J. Morton Lizemore. 

1. Doddridge Walter Holle St. Clara. 

0. Fayette Marion Dent Montgomery. 

C. A. Mldelburg Sewell. 

J. M. Ellis Mt. Hope. 

1. Gil'ner French N. Hays Glenville. 

1. Grant (ieorge B. Harmon Maysville. 

" Grf-enbrier Jol'i' A. Preston Lewisburg. 

W. P. Lowe Falling Springs 

1. Hampshire J- S. Ku.vkendall Romney. 

1 IIaneo-"k George D. Ingram Congo. 

J llardv '"'J- Ward Wood Lost City. 

1' Ilarri'scn Charles M. Hart Clarksburg. 

'Marcus L. Riblett Lumberport. 

2. Jackson James A. Seaman Ripley. 

Emory Duffleld Ravenswood. 

1. Jefferson C. M.' Wetzel Millville. 

5. Kanawha Fred M. Staunton Charleston. 

John Nugent t'harlestoii. 

M. T. Roach Charleston. 

R. D. Shepherd Spring Hill. 

L. C. Massey Marmet. 

1 Lev.-is Robert L. Bland Weston. 

1." Lincoln ............... [Rev. Elisha Bias West Hamlin. 

l! Logan .. .x ........... . 'Bruce McDonald Man. 

3 Marion Jesse A. Mason Mannington. 

R. B. Harr Fairmont. 

J. M. Jacobs Fairmont. 

2. Marshall T. J. Parsons Moundsville. 

Josiah Sinclair Benwood. 

'^ Mason ^- B. Harper Point Pleasant. 

" R. T. Embleton Hartford City. 

" Me-cer -T- R. Dillard Bluefield. 

J. F. Holroyd Athens. 

1. Mineral J. T. Carskadon Keyser. 

1 . Mingo F. H. Evans Williamson. 

2. Mcnongaiia. . . . . ...... ! Wm. C. McGrew Morgantown. 

Zimri C. Ammons Core. 

1. Monroi^ . Elbert R. Ballard Ballard. 

1. Morgan ............... .^- E. Allen Berkeley Springs. 

2. .Mcl^owell ............. •^- A. Strother Welch. 

Jordan Taylor Switchback. 

1. Xicholiis L. C. Williams Richwood. 

4. Ohio i Joseph R. Xaylor Wheeling. 

Lewis Buchwald Wheeling. 

Daniel Maxwell Wheeling. 

Julian G. Hearne Wheeling. 

1. Pendleton William McCoy Franklin. 

1. Pleasants C. P. Craig St. Mary's. 

1. Pocahontas Davis L. Barlow Onoto. 

2. Preston L. C. Shaffer Carmel. 

A. Bliss MoCrum Kingwood. 



1908] 



The Legislature of West Virgi>'ia. 



283 



Pulnani 
Riihigh . 
Randolph 
Ritchie . 



Ro.ine . . 

Sunimers 
Taylor . . 
Tu.'kei" .. 
Tyler ... 



Upshur 
Wayne . 

Webster 
Wetzel 

Wirt. .. 
Wood . . 



1. Wyominc 



James A. Sea max. 

C. L. Topping. 
M. S. Hodges. 
R. E. Hughes. 
Charles F. Tindek. 
HowAKD S. Jaerett. 
W. B. Parkhurst. 
F. A. McGbew. 

S. S. Bdzzeed. 
R. M. Kittle. 
I. S. McPheeson. 

D. H. Bargee. 
Charles Steele. 

E. B. Carskadox. 
Julius Schere. 

J. W. Williamson. 
Best E. Sayre. 
J. D. Shott. 
C. E. Robinson. 
S. S. Curtis. 
W. A. Sturm. 
Meredith Ryan. 

F. L. Lynch. 

J. K. Shepherd. 
S. C. Haeless. 
Harry Hays. 
H. A. Carpenter. 
L. O. Curtis. 
F. S. Harr. 
H. Jackson. 
A. W. Bell. 
L. T. Shannon. 
R. T. Wetzel. 

C. C. ASHBUEX. 

H. N. Warden. 
R. M. Maxwell. 
William Edmonds. 
George T. Goshorn. 
Harry Jarrett. 
Herman Pyle. 
Norris Starks, Jr. 
Brown Truslow. 
John Morris. 
Carl Lilly. 
Wilbur Fisher. 
Clyde Grass. 
Richard Huston. 
John Evans. 
Joe Santrock. Jr. 
Harry F. Morris. 
Daniel isrorgan. 
Harry Hood. 



, .Joseph Santrock Raymond City. 

. Dr. S. S. Sutphin Beckley. 

.J. Floyd Strader Elkins. 

.Michael K. Duty Pennsboro. 

W. A. Flesher Smithsville. 

Ben. A. Smith Boyd. 

B. N. Hughes Leo. 

. F. M. Gallaher Hinton. 

.Dr. R. D. Mackin Grafton. 

.A. R. Stallings. Davis. 

. J. H. Strickling Sistersville. 

S. D. Wells Wick. 

. John M. Curry Kanawha. 

.('. F. Harris Crum. 

Byron Osborn East Lynn. 

.J. W. Wooddell Webster Springs. 

.Septimius Hall New Martinsville. 

C. M. Stone Wade. 

.Dr. A. J. Mitchell Elizabeth. 

. John T. Cooper Parkersburg. 

G. H. Devol Red Hill, R. F. D. 

E. E. Shnmway Belleville. 

.J. I. Justice Guyan. 



Speaker. 

Clerk. 

First Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant ClerK. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Assistant Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee cierk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Committee Clerk. 

Sergeant-at-arms. 

Ass't. Sergeant-at-arms. 

Door-keeper. 

Assistant Door-keeper. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Pace. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Page. 

Mail and Banking Page. 



Ripley. 
Charleston, 



Jackson. 

Kan.Twha. 

Pendleton. 



Davis. 



Tnckc 
Ohio. 



APPENDIX IX. 



THE STATE ADMINISTRATIONS OF WEST VIRGINIA- 
ELECTIVE CIVIL OFFICIALS OF EACH. 



THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT. 

Note : — Under the first Constitution of "West Virgfiinia — 1863 to 
1873 — the Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor, Treasurer and 
Attorney-General were elected by the people for a term of two years. 
The General Superintendent of Free Schools was elected by the joint 
vote of the Legislature for a term of two years. The length of an 
administration under this Constitution was, therefore, two years. 

Under the present Constitution — 1872 to the present t;me — the 
Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor. Treasurer, Attorney-General 
and State Superintendent of Free Schools, as he is now called, are 
elected by the people. The Secretary of State was, however, an ap- 
pointive officer from 1872 to 1905, when this office was likewise made 
elective. An administration under the present Constitution is four 
years. 

THE FIRST ADJIIN'ISTRATIOX. 

(From June 20, 1863, to March 3, 1865.) 

Governor — Arthur Ingram Boreman, of Wood County. 

Secretary of State — Jacob Edgar Boyers, of Tyler County. 

Auditor of State — Samuel Crane, of Randolph County. 

Treasurer of State — Campbell Tarr, of Brooke County. 

Attorney-General — Aquila' Bolton Caldwell, of Ohio County, until Dec. 31, 

1864; then Ephraim B. Hall, of Marion County, until the close of the 

Administration. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — William Ryland White, of Marion 

County. 

THE SECOND ADMIXISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1865, to March 3, 1867.) 

Governor — Arthur Ingram Boreman, of Wood County. 
Secretary of State — Granville Davisson Hall, of Harrison County. 
Auditor of State — Joseph Marcellus McWhorter, of Roane County. 
Treasurer of State — Campbell Tarr, of Brooke County. 



190S] State Admixistkatioxs of West Virgi:^ia. 285 

Attorney-General — Ephraim B. Hall, of Marion County, until Dec. 31, 

1865; then Edwin Maxwell, of Harrison County, until Dec. 31, 1866; 

and then Thayer Melvin, of Brooke County, until the close of the 

Administration. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — William Ryland White, of Marion 

County. 

THE third AD5IIXISTRATI0X. 

(From March 4, 1S67, to March 3, 1SC9.) 
Governor — Arthur Ingram Boreman, of Wood County, until February 27, 

1869, then Daniel D. T. Farnsworth,* of Upshur County, until close 

of the Administration. 
Secretary of State — John S. Witcher, of Cabell County. 
Auditor of State — Joseph Marcellus McWhorter, of Roane County. 
Treasurer of State — Jacob H. Bristor, of Berkeley County. 
Attorney-General — Thayer Melvin, of Brooke County. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — William Ryland White, of Marion 

County. 

THE FOURTH ADMIXISTRATIOX'. 

(From March 4, 1869, to March 3, 1871.) 

Governor — William Erskine Stevenson, of Wood County. 

Secretary of State — James M. Pipes, of Marshall County. 

Auditor of State — Thomas Boggess, of Roane County. 

Treasurer of State — James McCawley, of Harrison Count}'. 

Attorney General — Thayer Melvin, of Brooke County, to July 1, 1869; then 

Aquila Bolton Caldwell, of Ohio County, to Dec. 31, 1870; then 

Joseph Sprigg, of Hardy County, to the close of the Administration. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools— Henry A. G. Zeigler, of Barbour 

County, to Feb. 17, 1870; then Alvin D. Williams to the close of the 

Administration. 

THE FIFTH ADMIXISTRATIOX'. 

(From March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1S73.) 

Governor- — John Jeremiah Jacob, of Hampshire County. . 
Secretary of State — John M. Fhelps, of Mason County. 
Auditorof State — Edward A. Bennett, of Marion County. 
Treasurer of State — John Sinsel Burdett, of Taylor County. 
Attorney-General — Joseph Sprigg, of Hardy County, to Dec. 31, 1872; 

then Henry Mason Mathews, of Greenbrier County, to the close of the 

Administration. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — Charles S. Lewis, of Harrison 

County, to Dec. 31, 1872; then William K. Pendleton, of Brooke Coun- 

t}', to the close of the Administration. 



*Arthnr Ingram Boreman having been elected a United States Senator, resigned 
the office of Governor February 27, 1860. By this act Daniel D. T. Farnsworth, 
by virtue of being President of the Senate, became the Acting Governor and served 
six days — February 27th to March 3, ISGO, — the end of the term. 



Archives a>d History. [W. Yx. 



THE SIXTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1877.) 

Governor — John Jeremiah Jacob, of Hampshire County. 

Secretary of State — Charles Hedrick, of Kanawha County. 

Auditor of State — Edward A. Bennett, of Marion County. 

Treasurer of State — John Sinsel Burdett, of Taylor County, to Jan. 30, 
1876; then Sobieski Brady, of Ohio County, to the close of the Admin- 
istration. 

Attorney-General — Henry Mason Mathews, of Greenbrier County. 

State Superintendent of Free Schools— Benjamin Wilson Byrne, of Clay 
County. 

THE SEVENTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1881.) 

Governor — Henry Mason Mathews, of Greenbrier County. 
Secretary of State — Sobieski Brady, of Ohio County. 
Auditor of State— Joseph. S. Miller, of Cabell County. 
Tresurer of State — Thomas J. West, of Harison County. 
Attorney-General — Robert White, of Hampshire County. 
State Superintendent of Free Scliools — William K. Pendleton, of Brooke 
County, 

THE EIGHTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1885.) 

Governor — Jacob Beeson Jackson, of Wood County. 
Secretary of Stoie— Randolph Stalnaker, of Greenbrier County. 
Auditor of *?toie— Joseph S. Miller, of Cabell County. 
Treasurer of State — Thomas O'Brien, of Ohio County. 
Attorney-General — Cornelius C. Watts, of Kanawha County. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — Bernard Lee Butcher, of Randolph 
County. 

THE NINTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1885, to March Z, 1889.) 

Governor — Emanuel Willis Wilson, of Kanawha County. 
Secretary of State— llenvy S. Walker, of Kanawha County. 
Auditor of /Siaie— Patrick Fee Duffy, of Webster County. 
Treasurer of State— \N\\\i&m. T. Thompson, of Cabell County. 
Attorney-General — Alfred Caldwell, of Ohio County. 

State Superintendent of Free fi'c/iooZs— Benjamin S. Morgan, of Monon- 
galia County. 

THE TENTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1889, to March 3, 1893.) 

Governor— Emanuel Willis Wilson, of Kanawha County, to Feb. 5, 1890; 
then Aretus Brooks Fleming, of Marion County, to the close of the 
Administration. 



190S] State Administrations of West Virginia. 287 

Secretary of State — Henry S. Walker, of Kanawha County, to April 21, 
1890; then William A. Ohley, of Marion County, to the close of the 
Administration. 

Auditor of State — Patrick Fee Duffy, of Webster County. 

Treasurer of State — William T. Thompson, of Cabell County. 

Attorney-General — Alfred Caldwell, of Ohio County. 

State Superintendent of Free Shcools — Benjamin S. Morgan, of Monon- 
galia County. 

THE ELEVENTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1897.) 

Governor — William Alexander MacCorkle, of Kanawha County. 
Secretary of State — William A. Ohley, of Marion County, to March 24, 

1893; then William E. Chilton, of Kanawha County, to the close of 

the Administration. 
Auditor of State — Isaac V. Johnson, of Barbour County. 
Treasurer of State — John M. Rowan, of Monroe County. 
Attorney-General — Thomas S. Riley, of Ohio County. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — Virgil A. Lewis, of Mason County. 

THE TWELFTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1897, to March 3, 1891.) 
Governor — George Wesley Atkinson, of Ohio County. 
Secretary of State — William M. O. Dawson, of Preston County. 
Auditor of State — Latelle M. LaFollette, of Taylor County. 
Treasurer of State — M. A. Kendall, of Wood County. 
Attorney-General — Edgar P. Rucker, of McDowell County. 
State Superintendent of Free Scliools — James Russell Trotter, of Upshur 
County. 

THE THIRTEENTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1901, to March 3, 1905.) 
Governor — Albert Blakeslee White, of Wood County. 
Secretary of State — William M. O. Dawson, of Preston County. 
Auditor of State — Arnold C. Scherr, of Mineral County. 
Treasurer of State — Peter Silman, of Kanawha County. 
Attorney-General — Romeo H. Freer, of Ritchie County. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — Thomas C. Miller, of Marion 
.County. 

THE FOURTEENTH ADMINISTRATION. 

(From March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1909.) 
Governor — ^William M. O. Dawson, of Preston County. 
Secretary of State — Charles Wesley Swisher, of Marion County. 
Auditor of State — Arnold C. Scherr, of Mineral County. 
Treasurer of State — Newton Ogdin, of Pleasants County. 
Attorney-General — Clark W. May, of Lincoln County, until his death, 

April 25, 1908; vacancy until 9th of May, ensuing; then William G. 

Conley, of Preston County, to the close of the Administration. 
State Superintendent of Free Schools — Thomas C. Miller, of Marion 

County. 



APPENDIX X. 



THE JUDICIARY DEPARTMENT OF THE STATE GOVERN- 
MENT-THE SUPREME COURT OF APPEALS- 
ITS ORGANIZATION AND MEMBER- 
SHIP—THE STATE LAW LIBRARY. 



Section Seven of Article VI of the first Constitution of tlie State 
provided that the Supreme Court of Appeals should consist of 
three Judges to be elected by the voters of the State and hold their 
offices for twelve years, except that of those first elected, one, 
to be designated by lot, shall hold for four years, another for 
eight years and the third for twelve years, so that one should be 
elected every four years after the first election.* 

As stated elsewhere (See Appendix VIII), the first elective State 
officials were nominated by a Convention held at Parkersburg ]May 
6th and 7th, 1863. When all of the executive officers had been 
named, the President — Dr. Spicer Patrick of Kanawha county — 
declared the nomination of Judges of the Supreme Court of Ap- 
peals to be in order. Daniel Peck of Ohio county, placed in 
nomination the name of Benjamin H. Smith of Kanawha; William 
H. Douglas of Ritchie, named Samuel Kerchnal of that count}'. 



*By the provisions of Section two of Article VIII. of ttie Constitution of 1872 
— the present one — the Supreme Court of Anpeals was made to consist of four 
.Tudces. Bv the twelfth Section of the Schedule attached to this Constitution the 
terms of ail .Tudaes then on the bench were made to terminate Decemlier 31, 1872. 
Four .Tudges were, accordinglv. elected at the sjeneral election in 1872. to take 
office Januai-v 1, 187.3. These were Charles P. T. Moore, James Paull. Alpheus F. 
Raymond and .John S. Hoffman. By the Constitution it was provided that of these 
.Tudges, two should serve for four years, a third for eight years, and a fourth for 
twelve vears. This was determined bv lot, in the presence of the GoTeruor. .Tohn 
J. Jacob (See Act of Decemlier 20, 1872). at twel-ve o'clock. .Fanuary 2", 1873.— 
the tenth day utter the commencement of the first term of said Court. — when Judge 
Moore drew 'the full term of twelve ye.nrs. Judge Taull that of eight years: and 
Judges Havmond and Hoffman the short terms of four years. Immediately there- 
after. Judge Havmond was chosen President of the Court. 

By an Amendment to the Constitution. (See Joint Resolution No. 6, February 
20. inbl. Acts of 1901 p. 462) adopted at the General Election in 1902. this Court 
was made to consist of five Judges, the term of office of the Judges then on the 
bench not being afEected thereby. The Governor was required to appoint a Judge— 
the fifth — one who should serve until January 1, 190.'5, when a Judge elected for 
the full term of twelve years should succeed him. 



190S] The Scpkejie Colkt of Appeals. 289 

E. 31. Fitzgerald of IMason. named James Henry Brown^ of 
Kanawha; "William B. Zinn of Preston, presented the name of 
William Guy Brown; Leroy Kramer of ]\Ionongalia, named Ralph 
Lazier Berkshire of that county ; Thomas Loyd JMoore of Harrison, 
named V William A. Harrison, of that county; and Campbell Tarr 
of Brooke, placed in nomination the name of Peter G. Van Winkle 
of Wood. While the ballot was in progress, the Mayor of Parkers- 
burg informed the Convention that Van Winkle would not accept 
if nominated. Colonel B. H. Smith withdrew his own name, and 
the completion of the ballot resulted in the nomination of Ralph 
L. Berkshire, William A. Hari'ison and James H. Brown. All 
were elected Avithout opposition at the general election,, May 23d 
ensuing. 

Orgaxization of the Court: — The Legislative and Executive 
Departments of the New State Government were put into full 
force and operation June 20, 1863 ; but nineteen day^ passed away 
before the Judicial Department was organized. Then, on the after- 
noon of Thursday, July 9, 1863, the Judges-elect, and other per- 
sons interested, proceeded to the Ohio county Court-house in the 
city of Wheeling, where William A. Llarrison was made President 
pro tern.. It was ordered that the Judge receiving the short term 
in the drawing by lot, about to take place, should be permanent 
President. Sylvanus W. Hall prepared "three equal and similar 
ballots upon one of which w^as written the words, "For Four 
Years;" upon another the words, "For Eight Years;" and upon 
a third, the words, "For Twelve Years." Judge Harrison drew 
the long term of twelve years ; Judge Brown, that of eight years ; 
and Judge Berkshire, the short term of four years. He was, 
therefore, under the order previously made, declared the President 
of the Court. Sylvanus W. Hall, of Marion county, was then elect- 
ed Clerk and Samuel Irwin of Ohio county, was made Crier. Then 
appeared Zachariah Jacob, Daniel Peck, Benjamin H. Smith, James 
S. Wheat, Aquila B. Caldwell, Moses C. Goode, Edwin Maxwell, Ed- 
w^ard C. Bunker, John L. Brown, Hannibal Forbes, Nathaniel Rich- 
ardson and EUery R. Hall, practicing attorneys, who were granted 
leave to practice in this Court. Thus it was, that as the sun sank 
behind the low hills beyond the Ohio that day, the Supreme Court 
of Appeals — th'e Court of last resort — and the head of the Judicial 
Department of our State Government — that of the newest State 
east of the Mississippi river — was completely organized. 



290 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



Judges of the Supreme Court : — The following named persons 
have occupied seats on the Bench of the Supreme Court of Appeals 
of the State, viz : — 

1. William A. Harrison, of Harrison county. Born August 27, 1795; 
■drew the long term of twelve years, beginning July 9, 1863; sexwed until 
September 1, 186S, when he resigned. Died at Clarksburg, December 31, 
1870. 

2. Ralph Lazier Berkshire, of Monongalia county. Born April 8, 
1816; served term of four years from July 9, 1863 to December 31, 1866; 
and again from January 1, 1869 to December 31, 1872, when filling un- 
expired term of Judge William A. Harrison. Was President of the Court 
from 1863 to 1866, and again from 1871 to 1872. Died November 8, 1902. 

3. James Henry Brown, of Kanawha county. Born December 25, 
1818; served a term of eight years from July 9, 1863, to December 31. 
1871. Was President of the Court from 1867 to 1870. Died October 28, 
1900. 

4. Edwin Maxwell, of Harrison county. Born July 16, 1825; elected 
for a full term of twelve years, serving from January 1, 1867, to December 
ol, 1872, when term was ended by the provision of the new Constitution. 
Died February 5, 1903. 

5. Charles Page Thomas Moore, of Mason county. Born February 8, 
1831; elected in 1870 for full term of twelve years; service ended Dec- 
ember 31, 1872, by the operation of the new Constitution; was re-elected 
for full term of twelve years and served from January 1, 1873, to Decem- 
"ber 31, 1880. when he resigned. Was President of the Court in 1880. 
Died — , . 

6. John S. Hoffman, of Harrison county. Born June 25, 1821. On 
the reorganization of the Court, January 23, 1873. drew short term of four 
years, and served from January 1, 1873, to December 31, 1876. Died 
November 18, 1877. 

7. James Paull. of Ohio county. Born July 6, 1818; elected for full 
term of twelve years, and served from January 1, 1873, to May 11, 1875, 
when he died in office. 

8. Alpheus F. Haymond, of Marion county. Born December 15, 1823; 
seiwed term of four years, from January 1, 1873, to December 31, 1876; 
re-elected in 1876 for full term of twelve years, beginning January 1, 
1877; served until January 1, 1883, when he resigned. Was President of 
the Court from 1873 to 1876, and again from 1877 to 1879. Died December 
15, 1893. 

9. Matthew Edmistox. of Lewis county. Born in Pocahontas county, 
September 9, 1814. Served in both branches of the General Assembly be- 
fore the Civil War. Appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals 
as the successor of John H. Hoffman, who resigned June 13, 1876. and 
served until January 1, 1877. Died at Weston June 29, 1887. 



]90SJ The Supreme Col.rt of Appeals. 291 

10. Thomas C. Greexe, of Jefferson county. Born November 5, 1820; 
appointed in 1875 as the, successor of Judge Paull; elected in 1876 for 
unexpired term; re-elected in 1880 for full term of twelve years; served 
until his death, December 4, 1889. 

11. Okey Johnson, of Wood county. Born March 24, 1834; served from 
January 1, 1877, to December 31, 1888. Was President of the Court from 
1881 to 1888. Died June 16, 1903. 

12. James French Patton, of Monroe county. Born September 19, 
1843; appointed June 1, 1881, to fill vacancy caused by resignation of 
Judge C. P. T. Moore. Served until date of death March 30, 1882. 

13. Adam C. Snyder, of Greenbrier county. Born March 26, 1834; ap- 
pointed April 1882, to fill vacancy caused by death of Judge James F. 
Patton who had been appointed successor to Judge Moore, of whose term 

Tiearly three years yet remained; served until January 1, 1885; elected 
for full term of twelve years in 1884, and served until November, 1890. 
-when he resigned. Was President of the Court 1889 and 1890. Died 
July 24, 1896 

14. Samuel Woods, of Barbour county. Born September 19, 1822; ap- 
pointed January, 1883, to fill vacancy caused by resignation of Judge 
Alpheus F. Raymond; served until December 31, 1888. Died February 17, 

1897. 

15. Henry Brannon. of Lewis county. Born November 26, 1837; elected 
in 1888 for full term of twelve years, from January 1, 1889, to December 31, 
1900; re-elected for another full term of twelve years, beginning January 
1, 1901. Was President of the Court 1894 and 1898. and again m 1901 and 
1905. Still in service. 

16. John Warth English, of Mason county. Born January 31, 1831; 
-elected in 1888 for full term of twelve years, from January 1, 1889, to 

December 31, 1900. Was President of the Court 1893 and 1897. 

17. Daniel Bedinger Lucas, of Jefferson county. Born March 16, 1836; 
appointed in 1889 to fill the unexpired term of Judge Thomas C. Green; 
served from January 1, 1890, to December 31, 1892. Was President of the 
Court in 1891 and 1892. 

18. Homer A. Holt, of Greenbrier county. Born April 27, 1831; ap- 
pointed in 1890 as the successor of Judge Adam C. Snyder, and .served from 
November, 1890, to December 31, 1895. Was President of the Court in 
1895 and 1896. Died January 7, 1898. 

19. Marmaduke H. Dent, of Taylor county. Born April 18, 1849; 
'elected in 1892 for full term of twelve years, from January 1, 1893, to 

December 31, 1904. Was President of the Court in 1899 and 1902. 

20. Henry Clay McWhorter, of Kanawha county. Born February 20, 
1836; was elected for full term of twelve years, from January 1, 1897, 
to December 31, 1908. Was President of the Court in 1900, 1903 and 1906. 

21. George Poffenbaeger, of Mason county. Born November 24, 1861; 
■elected for full term of twelve years, from January 1, 1901, to December 
31, 1912. Was President of the Court in 1904 and 1908. Still in service. 



292 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

22. Warrex Miller, of Jackson county. Born April 2. 1848; appointed 
January 17, 1903, under the provision of the Amendment to the Constitu- 
tion, and served until December 31, 1904, when he was succeeded by 
Judge Joseph M. Saunders. 

23. Frank- Cox, of Monongalia county. Born June 18, 1862; elected 
for full term of twelve years, beginning January 1, 1905; resigned, to take 
effect January 28, 1907, and Judge William N. Miller was appointed his 
successor on the same day. Was President of the Court in January, 1907. 

24. Joseph M. Saunders, of Mercer county. Born August 26, 1866; 
elected for full term of twelve years, beginning January 1, 1905 ; resigned, 
to take affect October 1, 1907. Was President of the Court during early 
part of 1907. 

25. William N. Miller, of Wood county. Born October 18, 1855; 
appointed January 28, 1907, to fill the vacancy caused by resignation of 
Judge Frank Cox, and was qualified on January 29, 1907. Was Presi- 
dent of the Court in the latter part of 1907. Elected in 1908 for unex- 
pired term of eight years. Still in service. 

26. Ira E. Robinson, of Taylor county. Born September 16, 1869; 
appointed October 9, 1907, as the successor of Judge Joseph M. Sanders, 
resigned, and qualified October 15, 1907. Elected in 1908 for unexpired 
term of eight years. Still in service. 

27. Luther Judson Williams, of Greenbrier county. Born October 
18, 1856; elected in 1908 for full term of twelve years, beginning January 
1, 1909. 

The Reporter of the Court of Appeals: — The only person appointed 
Reporter by the Supreme Court of Appeals was John Marshall Hagans of 
Preston county. Born near Brandonville, August 13, 1838; appointed 
Reporter July 16, 1864; continued in office until March 1873, when by the 
provision of Section 1 of Article VII of the new CConstitution the At- 
torney-General was made ex-offlcio the Reporter of the Court of Appeals. 
Reported and superintended the printing of five Volumes of the Reports 
of West Virginia, designated "Hagan's Reports." The Court made an order 
February 6, 1866, directing him to publish the first volume of "West Vir- 
ginia Reports" in the style of Grattan's Virginia Reports, and authorized 
him to "include in said volume brief notes on the history of the 
formation of the Court and of the causes which had led thereto." This 
he did as an introduction under the title of "Sketch of the Erection and 
Formation of the State of West Virginia." This invaluable chapter, as 
he wrote it, is imperishably safe in the first volume of the Court of 
Appeals' Reports. Judge Hagans died > • 

Clerks of the Court op Appeals : — The clerks of the Supreme 
Court of Appeals have been as follows : 

1. Sylvanus W. Hall, of Marion county; born in Monongalia county, 
now Marion, June 21, 1838; served from July 9, 1863, to August 18, 1874, 
when he resigned. Died at Fairmont, March 12, 1908. 



1908] The Supreme Court of Appeals. 293 

2. Odell S. Long, of Ohio county; born in Westmoreland county, Penn- 
sylvania, October 16, 1836; served from August 18, 1874, to December 26, 
1897, the date of his death. 

3. James A. Holly, of Lincoln county; born in Cabell county, now 
Lincoln, November 12, 1855; served from January 11, 1898, to November 
17, 1902, when he resigned. 

4. William B. Mathews, of Kanawha county; born in Marshall county, 
August 27, 1866; has served from November 17, 1902, to present time. 
Still in service, 

SOME HISTORY OF THE STATE LAW LIBRARY.' 

The State Law Library, like every other institution, pertaining 
to, or belonging to the State Government, has an interesting history. 
At the time of the organization of the Court of Appeals — July 9, 
1863 — there was of course, not even the mucleus of a Library. As 
stated elsewhere, — page five of this Report — the old Law Library 
of the Virginia Court of Appeals* located at Lewisburg, came in- 
to the possession — what there was remaining of it — of the new 
State of West Virginia. On the page cited above, it will be seen 
that by the efforts of Sylvauius W. Hall, clerk of the Court of 
Appeals, and Henry Mason jMathews. this was shipped from Lew- 
isburg to Wheeling. On the 10th of February, 1866, a resolution 
was reported in the Senate providing for paying the first-named 
gentleman $150.00, and to the latter $100.00 for their time and 
service while thus employed. It was adopted by that body but 
the House never concurred to this. Some of the old books from 
Lewisburg reached Wheeling. On February 7, 1866, — less than a 
year after the close of the Civil War — the Judges of the Court of 
Appeals by a Memorial, requested the Legislature to appropriate 
$2,500.00 for the purchase of books for the Law Library. This 
interested that body and for the first time in its history a "Commit- 
tee on Library" — one that has been continued ever since — Avas 
created. It was a Senate. Committee and was composed of Hon. 
Emmett J. O'Brien, of Barbour county; Hon. D. H. K. Dix. of 
Putnam county; and Hon. Edward D. Wright, of Cabell county. 
Its report, made February 28. 1866, gives us the first view we have 
-of the State Law Liiirary. This n^port was as follows: 

"The Committee on the Library upon whom devolves the duty 
of examining the State Library, beg leave to report: "That they 
Tiave performed that dut.y and find that the present Library of 

*Thf Stato Law Lil>rary consists of law-books — texts and rfports — exclusively. 
The State's Historical and Miscellanoons Library is in the custody of the Depart- 
ment of Archives and History. It has no connection with the Law Library. — V. 
A. L. 



294 Archives and Histoky. [W. Va.. 



the State consists of Reports and Journals received from the execu- 
tives of other States since the orgamization of the State, with Re- 
ports of State officers and Acts and Journals of the Legislature of 
this State, and the United States Statutes for the same period. 
Your Committee find that the number of Volumes is near five hun- 
dred, not classified, the number not being sufficient to render a 
classification practicable or necessary. The Volumes are properly 
inarked as the property of the State and are well taken care of in 
tight cases." See Senate Journal, Session of 1866 p. 149. 

By an Act of February 25, 1867, the Legislature defined the 
Library. It declared that "all books, maps, or charts, now in the 
Library in the State Capitol — Linsly Institute Building — or which 
are required by law to be placed therein, or which may be donated 
to or purchased, together with the Library, now in charge of 
the Court of Appeals, shall constitute the State Law Library."* 

The Legislature after receiving the report of the Senate Commit- 
tee heard with favor the petition or memorial of the Court of 
Appeals, and on ]\Iarch 1, 1866, appropriated $2,000.00 for the 
purchase of books for the ''State Law Library." 

Now, that the appropriation had been made, the Court of Ap- 
peals by an order made July 20, 1866, appointed Hon Edwin Max- 
well, then Attorney-General; Judge George Hay Lee, of Clarks- 
burg, a former Judge of the Virginia Court of Appeals, and Dan- 
iel Lamb, of Ohio county, then engaged in compiling the firet code 
of West Virginia — that of 1868 — a committee of three to expend 
the appropriation for the purchase of such books as were needed 
most in the Library.. This was done and a report of the action of 
the committee made to the Court July 2, 1867. In 1868, the 
Secretary of State was made the Custodian of the State Law Libra- 
ry, with authority to appoint a Librarian whose salary wa.s fixed 
at .$600.00 per a.nnum, payable out of the Contingent Fund. An 
excellent system of "Rules and Regulations." for the management 
of the Library was now for the first time, formulated. An Act 
of the Legislature passed March 28, 1873, provided that the 
Board of Public Works should appoint a competent Librarian who 
should make a catalogue of the books and paper.s in the State Law 
Library, and should keep on file all the newspapers in the State 
which might be furnished the Library, and one published in the 
city of Wa.shington. His term was four years, and his salary 



*Here for the first time in its history, the Liltr.nry is given its legal designa- 
tion — that of State Law Library. 



J 90S] The Supreme Coukt of Appeals, 295 



$750.00 per annum. By this Act he was made ex officio Superiu- 
tendent of Weights and IMeasures. February 26, 1875, the State 
Law Library was for the first time made an item of insurance 
among the contents of the State House. In, 1877,, Act of Febru- 
ary 17th, it was made the duty of the Governor to appoint a State 
Law Librarian, An Act passed three days later, — Act of Febru- 
ary 20, 1877 — made him ex officio Adjutant-General, and another 
Act — that of February 20, 1877 — made him ex officio Quartermast- 
er-General. His term was four years, l)ond in the penalty of $5,- 
OOO.OO, and salary $866.66, of which sum $200.00 was salary as 
Adjutant-General. By an Act of March 6, 1879, a contingent 
fund of $100.00 was appropriated for the Library, and $500.00 to 
the Librarian as Adjutant-General. He had to discharge the du- 
ties of this office as required by the laws of the United States, In 
1883 — Act of February 22d — the Librarian was for the first time 
required to furnish to the Legislature an itemized statement of the 
disbursments of the contingent fund of his office. In 1891, the 
present law relating to the State Law Library was enacted. It 
was Senate Bill No. 98, '^A Bill providing for the appointment of 
a State Librarian and prescribing his duties, "the author and 
patron thereof being Hon. William G. Worley of Preston county. 
From the foregoing it appears that prior to 1867, there was no such 
office as State Law Librarian ; that in 1868, the Librarian was ap- 
l-)ointed by the Secretary of State ; in 1873, by the Board of Public 
Works ; and in 1877, and thereafter, by the Governor. The follow- 
ing named persons have filled the office of State Law Librarian: 

S. A. Heaton, Wood county, from March 4, 1869, to March 3. 1871. 

.Tohn L. Cole, Kanawha county, from March 4, 1871, to June 1, 1875. 

Edward L. Wood, Kanawha county, from June 1, 1875, to March 3, 1877. 

Edward L. Wood, Kanawha county, from March 4, 1877, to March 3. 1881. 

Edward L. Wood, Kanawha county, from March 4, 1881, to October 1,. 
1882. 

W. F. Butler, Ohio county, from October 1, 1882, to March 3, 1885. 

Edward L. Wood, Kanawha county, from March 4, 1885, to February 6, 
1890. 

Benjamin H. Oxley, Lincoln county, from February 6, 1890, to April 1, 
1891. 

Charles L. Hagan, Marion county, from April 1, 1891, to March 3, 1893. 

Edward L, Wood, Kanawha county, from March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1907. 

Guy T, Scott, Ohio county, from March 5, 1897. to July 14, 1898. 

Pleasant S. Shirkey of Kanawha counts-, from July 15. 1898, to March 3, 
1901. 

Samuel W. Starks, Kanawha count\-, from March 4, 1901, to March 3, 
1905, 



296 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



Samuel "W. Starks, Kanawha county, from March 4, 1905, to April 3, 
1908. 

John C. Gilmer, Kanawha county, from December 1, 190S, to , . 

From the foregoing, it appears that from 1877 to 1891, the State 
Librarian was an officially burdened official. In the intervening 
years of this period in addition to being Librarian, he was Superin- 
tendent of Weights and ^Measures, Quartermaster-General, and Ad- 
jutant-G-eneral. For six years previously to the date on which 
the Librarian was made e.r officio Adjutant-General; that is from 
February 18 1871, to February 20, 1877, the duties of that office 
were made incumbent upon the State Superintendent of Free 
Schools, — a curious combination — war and education, — scarcely lesii 
so, when the War Department of the State was attached to the office 
of State Librarian. It has been stated frequently that the Adju- 
tant-General was, in this period ex officio Librarian. Such was 
not the case. The Librarian was ex officio Adjutant-General. 
See Section 1, of Act of Fel)ruary 20, 1877. 



APPENDIX XI. 



THE SECOND CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF WEST 
VIRGINIA "WHICH ASSEMBLED AT CHARLESTON, 
KANAWHA COUNTY, JANUARY 16, 1872; AD- 
JOURNED APRIL 9th. ENSUING. 



In pursuanice of an act of the Legislature of West Virginia, 
entitled "An act to take the sense of the people upon the call of a 
convention and for organizing the same," passed 23d of February, 
1871, and of the election held in pursuance thereof on the 26th 
■day of October, 1871, and of the Governor's proclamation announc- 
ing the result of said election, the Convention elected oa the last 
named day, assembled in the Capitol building, at Charleston, the 
seat of government, at 12 o'clock M., on January 16th, 1872. The 
sessions were held in the Methodist Episcopal church, known as 
Asbury Chapel, which stood on the north-east side of Virginia street, 
between Alderson and Summers streets. The members were elect- 
ed by Senatorial Districts, Counties, and Delegate Districts, as 
follows : — 

MEMBERSHIP OF THE CONVENTION- 



First Senatorial District — William i 
K. Pendleton and A. J. Pannell. 

■Second Senatorial District — Joseph 
W. Gallaher and Alpheus F. Hay- 
mond. 

Third Senatorial District- — Wait- 
man T. Willey, and A. H. Thayer. 

Fourth Senatorial District — Ben- 
jamin Wilson and Daniel D. 
Johnson. 

Fifth Senatorial District — Okey 
Johnson and David H. Leonard. 

■fHxth Senatorial District — Black- 
well Jackson and Samuel Woods. 



Seventh Senatorial District — Nich- 
olas Fitzhugh and Alonzo Gush- 
ing. 

Eighth Senatorial District — Ever- 
mont Ward and Isaiah Bee. 

Ninth Senatorial District — Samuel 
Price and William McCreery. 

Tefith Senatorial District — James 
D. Armstrong and John T. Peerce. 

Eleventh Senatorial District — 
Charles J. Faulkner and William 
H. Travers. 



298 



Akchives axd History. 



[W. Va_ 



Barbour County < — Joseph N. B. 
Crim. 

Berkeley County — Joseph B. Hoge 
and Andrew W. McCleary. 

Boone County — William D. Pate. 

Braxton County — Homer A. Holt. 

Brooke County — Alexander Camp- 
bell. 

Doddridge County — Jepbtha F. 
Randolph. 

Fayette County — Hudson M. Dick- 
inson. 

Hampsliire County — Alexander Mon- 
roe. 

Hancock, County — John H. Atkin- 
son. 

Harrison County — John Bassel and 
Beverley H. Lurty. 

Jackson County — Thomas R. Park. 

Jefferson County*— iMgan Osburn 
and William A. Morgan. 

Kanaiolia County — John A. Warth 
and Edward B. Knight. 

Leiois County — Mathew Edmiston.* 

Logan County — M. A. Staton. 

Marion County — Fountain Smith 
and Ulysses N. Arnett. 

Marshall County — Hanson Criswell 
and James M. Pipes. 

Mason County — Charles B. Wag- 
goner. 

Merecr County — James Calfee. 

Mineral County — John A. Robin- 
son. 

Monongalia County — John Marshal 
Hagans and Joseph Snyder 

Morgan County — Lewis Allen. 
Ohio County — James S. Wheat, 
George O. Davenport and Wil- 
1am W. Miller. 



Pendleton County — Charles D. 
Boggs. 

Preston County — AVilliam G^ 
Brown and Charles Kantner. 

Putnam County — John J. Thomp- 
son. 

Ikitchie County — Jacob P. Strickler.- 

Tx'oane County- — Thomas Ferrell. 

Taylor County — Benjamin F. Mar- 
tin. 

Tyler Coimf)/— David F. Pugh. 

Upshur County — Daniel D. T. 
Farnsworth. 

Wayne County — Charles W. Fergu- 
son. 

Wetzel Comity — Septimius Hall. 

Wirt County — D. A. Roberts. 

Clay-Nicholas Delegate District — 
Benjamin W. Byrne. 

Cahell-Lincoln Delegate District — 
Thomas Thornburg. 

Gilmer-Calhoun Delegate District — 
Lemuel Stump. 

Greenhrier-Monroe-Summers Dele- 
gate District — Henry M. Math- 
ews, James M. Byrnside and Wil- 
liam Haynes. 

Hardy-Grant Delegate District — 
Thomas Maslin. 

Pocahontas-Webster Delegate Dis- 
trict — George H. Moffett. 

Raleigh - Wyoming-McDoivell Dele- 
gate District — William Prince. 

Randolph-Tucker Delegate District 
— J. F. Harding. 

Wood - Pleasants Delegate District 
— James M. Jackson and W. G. H- 
Core. 



Samltsl Price, of Greenbrier County President. 

Gibson J. Butcher, of Weston, Lewis County.. ^ec?-eiari/. 

Barney A. Galligan, of Ohio Copnty First Assistant Secretary. 

Beuhring H. Jones,t of Greenbrier County. .-Second Assistant Secretary. 



•Mathew Edmiston did not qualify and therefore never occupied his seat in 
the Convention. 

tBeuhring H. .Tones died March ISth. and his death was announced to the (Con- 
vention by President Price : whereupon as a testimony of respect for the deceased, 
that body adjourned until ten o'clock the next day. His remains were taken in si 
hearse from Charleston to Lewisburg, where they were laid to rest in the cemetery 
at that place. He has been called the "Poet of Johnson's Island." 



]90S] The Second Constitutional Convention. 299 

John H. Woods, of Philippi, Barbour County. .Enrolling Clerk. 

Jacob B. Cunningham, of Hardy County Sergeant-at-Arm&, 

G. J. Wetzel, of , Doorkeeper. 

Henry S. Walker of Harrison County Printer. 

George Byrne, of Kanawha County Page. 

Frank Cox, of Kanawha County Page. 

John D. Alderson, of Greenbrier County Page. 

Josiah D. Wilson, of Harrison County Page. 

This is the most remarkable body of men that ever assembled in 
the State. Herein were gathered lawyers, orators and statesmen 
— men who had been history-makers in the stirring and thrilling 
scenes of the past few years — men, some of whom had followed the 
fortunes of the old government of Virginia; others who had as- 
sisted in placing a State Line on top of the Alleghenies ; and still 
others who had been foremost in the work of creating a Trans- 
Allegheny State. Some had worn the Blue and others the Gray. 
Now all came together to frame an organic law — a Constitution — 
for West Virginia, a land that had given birth to nearly every one 
of them. It will never cease to be a matter of greatest regret, 
that the debates in that body are lost — never printed.. 



APPENDIX XII. 



THE CAPITALS AND CAPITOLS OF WEST VIRGINIA. 



The city of Wheeling was the capital of the Restored Government 
of Virginia although never declared to be such. The first and sec- 
ond Conventions of the People of Northwestern Virginia, assembled, 
the former on i\Iay 13th, 1861, and the latter on June 11th en- 
suing, in Washington Hall, in that city. The General Assembly 
under that Government held four sessions— one regular and three 
extra. Of these the first and,' fourth sessions, sat in the United 
States Court Room in the Custom House; while the second and 
third sessions convened in the Linsly Institute building. 

The Convention which assembled November 26th, 1861, and fram- 
ed the first Constitution of West Virginia, held its sessions in the 
United State Court Room in the Custom House. ]\Iention has been 
made of the Linsly Institute Building and its history is of interest 
to all West Virginians for it was the capitol of the State from 
June 20, 1863, to April 1, 1870. Noah Linsly from whom it de- 
rives its name and ow^es its existence, was an early attorney of 
Wheeling, coming thither from Bradford, Connecticut. His famil,v 
were of English descent, the imigrant ancestor being John Linsly 
who emigrated from London, England in 1664, and settled near 
New Haven. Noah, the subject, and who came to Wheeling was 
the third son of Josiah and Mary (Fowler) Linsly. He pre- 
pared for College at East Gifford, and then spent five years at 
Yale, being graduated therefrom in 1791. He then engaged in 
teaching; studied law; attended the law school at Litchfield, and 
was admitted to the bar. He came to IMorgantowu, West Virginia 
in 1797, where he spent two years and then removed to Wheeling, 
where he practiced his profession, successfully for several years, 
a portion of which time he was Commonwealth's Attorney. He 



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3908] Capitals and Capitols of West Vikginia. 301 

died unmarried, of hemorrahage of the lungs in 1814, having pro- 
vided in his will for the establishment and maintenance of a school 
on what was known as the "Laneasterian System." Samuel Sprigg 
and Noah Zane were named as executors of the will, and they 
applied to the Virginia Assembly for an Act of incorporation 
or charter for the school. Such an Act incorporating the "Trus- 
tees of the Wheeling Lancasterian Academy, ' ' was passed November 
29, 1814, the following persons being named therein as trustees; 
viz: William Irwin, Daniel Smith, Archibald Woods, Samuel 
Sprigg, John Good, George Knox, Noah Zane, Alexander Cald- 
well, James Hervey, Salathiel Curtis, William Chapline, Jr., Josiah 
Updegraff, Joseph Caldwell, Jesse Edgington and James H. Ralph. 
Ihe Trustees had power to fill vacancies in their own body. (See 
Acts of 1814-15, pp. 123,124.) 

A lot on the line of Alley 11, between Market and Chapline 
Streets was purchased, and thereon was erected a three-story 
building which was in use until 1858, when this property was sold 
and a lot purchased on the corner of Eoff and Fifteenth Streets, 
where in that year, the present structure then and now known as 
the Linsly Institute, was erected. It was this building that be- 
came the first Capitol or State House of West Virginia. 

It was on a large platform erected in front of this building, that 
Governor Arthur I Boreman, the first Governor of West Virginia, 
stood when delivering his inaugural address, — June 20, 1863 — and 
within it, convened at 12 :30 p. m. on that day, the first Legislature 
of West Virginia. The first official reference to, or mention of a 
Capital and Capitol for the New State is to be found in the fir>^i 
message of Governor Boreman, which he sent to the Legislature 
that evening. In it he said: — 

"I recommend that you take speedy action for the establishment of a 
permanent seat of government. I know it is said by some, that it would 
be best to wait until the war Is ended, but I fear if the quesftion is not 
settled by the present Legislature, it will, in a short time, enter into con- 
tests for office throughout the State, and thus become a mattter of con- 
tention for years to come; and until it is settled, the Legislature will not 
be justified in expending the money necessary to prepare the accommo- 
dations for themselves, and the other officers, which are demanded, not 
only as a matter of comfort and convenience, but for the reasonable dis- 
patch of the public business. "When the location is made and the public 
grounds selected in such manner as you may provide, you will then be 
warranted in making appropriations for the public buildings, and they 
may soon be in process of construction." (See Governor's Message, Sen- 
ate Journal Session of 3 863, pp. 12, 13.) 



302 Archives and History. [W. Va. 



But the Legislature did not act favorably upon the recommenda- 
tion of the Governor in this matter. Instead of this, that body, 
on the 9th of December, 1863, by Joint Resolution, authorized him 
to secure the Linsly Institute Building for a State Capitol, the 
resolution being as follows: — 

"JOINT RESOLUTION RESPECTING THE OCCUPATION OP THE 
LINSLY INSTITUTE BUILDING." 

"Resolved by the Legislature of West Yirginia, That the Governor be 
authorized, whenever he may deem it expedient to do so, to cause the 
Executive Offices, or any of them, to be removed to the Linsly Insti- 
tute Building, and to designate what room, or rooms, in the said build- 
ing, shall be occupied for any office so removed." 

"Resolved, further. That the Governor have the authority to rent any 
portion of said Building not required for the use of the Legislature, 
or for Executive Offices as aforesaid, to such person and on such terms 
as he may deem expedient; Provided, that no part of the Building shall 
be occupied or rented for schools during any session of the Legislature." 
— (See Acts of 1863, p. 273.) 

This, Governor Boreman appears to have done, for the Legisla- 
ture continued to make annual appropriations from 1863 to 1870, 
"to pay rent on this building. In his message to the Legislature, 
January 16, 1866, under the caption of ''Permanent Capitol," he 
says:— 

"It may be proper for me to state that the lease on the building now 
occupied as the State Capitol expires in 18G8. With this statement I 
submit the question of the propriety of early action with a view to 
the permanent location of the Capitol without making any recommenda- 
tion whatever on the subject. 

Still the Legislature took no action in the matter. It was not 
even discussed in that body. A year passed away and Governor 
Boreman renewed the recommendation more fully than before. 
In his annual Message to that body under date of January 15, 
1867, he said:— 

"The subject of the permanent location of the capital of the State will, 
no doubt, be considered by you at the present session; and I have no 
hesitation in saying that, in my opinion, the interests: of the State re- 
quire definite and final action thereon before you adjourn. It has hith- 
erto been a source of much controversy and irritation between different 
sections of the State, and will probably continue to be until it is set- 
tled. It is also referred to by the enemies of the State as an evidence 
of a want of confidence in its permanent existence, which, although 
wholly without foundation, nevertheless has its influence on some who 
are not advised on the subject, and who, otherwise, contemplated making 



1908] Capitals and Capitols of West Virginia. 303' 

iheir homes among us. It should be settled also, with a view to the loca- 
tion of other public buildings that are needed, the construction of which 
should be entered upon as soon as practicable. It may also, in time, if 
left open, have an undue effect on other subjects of legislation, and 
will, probably, until finally disposed of, occupy the attention of suc- 
ceeding sessions of the Legislature to the prejudice of other matters en- 
titled to consideration." 

One more entire session of the Legislature passed away and no 
action taken with reference to a permanent seat of government for 
the State. But Governor Boreman, although seemingly a little 
impatient because of the failure of that body to take action on what 
■seemed to him of such importance, again renewed his recommenda- 
tion of previous years. In his message to the Legislature, dated, 
January 21, 1868, we find the following:— 

"The permanent location of the capital of the State is a subject which 
will, no doubt, be considered by you at the present session. In my mes- 
sage to the first Legislature of the State, in 1863, I recommended imme- 
ate action on this question, and my opinion ever since has been, as ex- 
pressed in subsequent messages, that its settlement would tend to the 
tiarmony and prosperity of the State. I refer to what I have hereto- 
fore said, and have nothing to add on this subject." 

Still the subject was deferred by the Legislature ; but Governor 
Boreman was not discouraged. He, however, saw that the continued 
'delay was beginning to exert an influence upon legislation, and for 
the fourth time in succession, he referred to the subject. In his 
last mevssage to the Legislature, dated January 19, 1869. under the 
head of "State Capital", he gave expression to the following: — 

"I think it my duty to again call your attention to the subject of 
permanently locating the capital of the State. I am aware that this; 
"Is regarded by some as a matter of little consequence. With such, of 
course, I differ, but do not propose to trouble you with any extended 
discussion of the subject. It is my opinion, however, that the omis- 
sion to settle this question has, in some degree at least, retarded the im- 
provement and prosperity of the State; and I submit to the more ex- 
perienced members of your body, whether it has had an influence on 
the legislation of the State. I trust you may find it compatible with 
your better judgment to put an end lo this existing controversy before 
the close of the present session." 

Charleston Made the Capital of West Virginlv : — At last the 
Legislature looked with favor upon the continued recommenda- 
tions of Boreman. On the 20th of January. 1869. Andrew Mann, 
.-a member of the House of Delegates from the Greenbrier-Monroe 



304 Archives asd History. [W. Va> 

Delegate District, offered the following Preamble and Joint Kesolu- 
tion, No. 2: — 

"Whereas, The location of the State Capital -has been deferred from 
time to time without any good reason for such delay; and whereas the 
failure to locate the State Capital has created great dissatisfaction on 
the part of the people, deterring enterprising parties abroad from locat- 
ing in the State, rendering ourselves an unsettled people in the estima- 
tion of the public. Therefore 

Resolved by the Legislature of West Virginia: 

That we use our utmost endeavors to locate the State Capital during 
the present session of the Legislature, by such concessions and defer- 
ences to the different desires of mebers of the Legislature, and the peo- 
ple we represent, as will finally settle this vexed question harmoniously, 
placing the Capital where it will develop the natural resources of the 
State the most, and accommodate the largest number of inhabitants." 

This was adopted bV the House and at once reported by ]\Ir. 
]\Iann to the Senate which body referred it to its Judiciary Com- 
mittee with instructions to report a Bill in relation to locating tho 
Capital. But the House did not wait for this. January 21, James 
T. McClaskey, a delegate from Monongalia county, offered House 
Bill No. 4, entitled ''A Bill permanently locating the seat of Gov- 
ernment of this State.'' This passed the House February 17th, 
by a vote of 29 yeas to 23 nays. It passed the Senate February 26, 
the vote standing yeas 17, and nays 4. This Act was to tal^e 
effect April 1, 1870 — more than thirteen months after its passage. 
Section 1, provided that, ''The permanent seat of Government 
for this State is herebj^ located at the town of Charleston, in the 
county of Kanawha." 

There was great rejoicing at Charleston, where the people hast- 
ened to prepare for the coming of the State Government. Public 
meetings were held soon after the passage of the Act and various 
plans were suggested and considered as to the best method ol 
providing accommodations for the officers, records and archives oC 
the State ; and finally, on the 27th of May 1869, a few enterprising 
citizens resolved to take subscriptions to a joint stock companj^ for 
the erection of a building to answer the temporary purposes of 
the law locating the Capital here. This plan seemed to succeetl 
well, and when $16,500.00 had been subscribed, and $1,650.00 paid 
in, the subscribers were incorporated under the name of "The 
State-House Company," the chaTter bearing date August 25, 1869, 
was to expire June 1, 1889. The Capital stock might be increased 
to $100,000.00. The original stock-holders were as follows: 



1908] 



Capitals and Capitols of West Virginia. 



305 



George Jeffries, two shares. 
L. L. Comstock, two shares. 
John Claypool, one share. 
William A. Quarrier, one share. 
Greenbury Slack, two shares. 
Henry C. McWhorter, one share. 
Nicholas Fitzhugh, one share. 
Samuel A. Miller, one share 
Edward B. Knight, one share. 
Henry Chappell, one share. 
Benjamin H. Smith, two shares. 
Moses Frankenberger, one share. 
Hill & Laidley, one share. 
William T. Thayer & Samuel Chris- 
tey, one share. 



Job E. Thayer, one share. 
John Slack, Sr., two shares. 
Hedgeman Slack, one share. 
Thomas B. Swann, two shares. 
James H. Brown, one share. 
John Dryden, one share 
Albert M. Doyle, one share. 
Jlahn P. Hale, one share. 
Henry C. McWhorter, Agent for 

Chai'Jeston Extension Company, 

one share. 
David Eagan, one share. 
Duice R. Laidley, one share. 
Gilliland & Anderson, one share. 
William H. Edwards, one share. 



A meeting of the stock-holders Avas held at the Kanawha county 
Court house, September 24, 1869, for the purpose of organization. 
Benjamin H. Smith Avas elected President; Alexander T. Laidley, 
Secretary; John Slack, Sr. Treasurer; and George Jeffries, Will- 
iam A. Quarier, Greenbury Slack, S. S. Comstock, Thomas B. 
Swann, Edward B. Knight, Henry C. McWhorter and John Slack, 
Sr., Directors. 

Plans, drawings and specification with estimates of cost of a 
building thought to be adequate to the wants of the State authori- 
ties, were obtained from competent architects of Cincinnati; then 
after published notice for bids, the contract for the erection of the 
building, was let to Dr. John P. Hale, of Charleston. Laborers 
were immediately employed in cutting stone at the quarry on Coxe 's 
Hill in the rear of town ; lumber and other material placed upon 
the grounds preparatory to the erection of work-shops thereon ; 
jNIonday the 20th of September, the ground was laid off, and the 
next day excavation for the foundation was begun. The first stone 
was laid off at the south-west corner of the building under the 
direction of Mr. Phillips, the master-workman, on Monday, Sep- 
tember 29th, and on the 3d of November ensuing the corner-stone 
was laid by the IVIasonic Fraternity. Work was prosecuted as rapid- 
ly as possible, but the building could not be completed hy April 
'1. 1870. the time fixed by law for the removal of the seat of govern- 
ment. But other arrangements were made for its accommodation, 
and the citizens of Charleston chartered the steamer "jMountain 
Boy." a popular Kanawha river packet, to convey the Executive 
officers with the archives and paraphernalia of the State Govern- 
ment from Wheeling. At 5:00 a. m., :\ronda\' March 28th. 1870, 



306 Archiv-es and History. [W. Va. 



the "Mountain Boy" arrived at the wharf at Wheeling having on 
board a Reception Committee appointed by the citizens of Charles- 
ton to escort the State officials to that place. It was composed of Dr. 
Albert E. Summers and Dr. Spicer Patrick of Charleston; Colonel 
Jerome T. Bowyer of Winfield, Putnam county ; and Colonel Hiram 
R. Howard and Hon. John M. Phelps of Point Pleasant, Mason coun- 
ty. These gentlemen waited on Governor William E. Stevenson, and 
the other State officials at an early hour, and informed them of the 
plans for transportation. Preparations had been made for the re- 
moval, and the day was spent in transfering to the steamer the 
boxes containing the books, papers, records, etc. of the executive 
officers, the State Library, and the baggage and household goods of 
the officers. At midnight, the steamer enveloped in a mass of 
flags and bunting, cast off her moorings and steamed down the 
Ohio, having on board the State officials, archives and paraphernalia 
of the government of the newest State east of the Mississippi. Par- 
kersburg was the home of Governor Stevenson, and here the 
' ' Mountain Boy ' ' made her first landing. Many persons of the towji 
and vicinity went on board to greet the officials. Wliile this was 
in progress, a little boy named Dobbins, strayed away from the boat ; 
extended search was made, and he was found, after which the 
voyage down the Ohio was continued. Early on the morning of 
March 30th the Committee on Arrangements accompanied by the 
Charleston brass band went down the Kanawha river on the steamer 
"Kanawha Bell", to meet the State party. At ten o'clock a. m. 
attentive ears at | Charleston, heard, in the distance, the shrill 
whistle of the "Mountain Boy." An hour later, she came in sight 
and steamed slowly up to the landing, while the United States 
Artillery, then stationed at Charleston, fired a salute from the 
head of the wharf. All was excitement, but all w^as in readiness. 
The following is the programme of exercises for the day; it ex- 
hibits the manner in which the people Avelcomed the seat of gov- 
ernment to their town. 

A procession formed on Front street, with the left resting on the 
comer of Central avenue, half an hour before the arrival of the 
steamer at the wharf. It was under command of Colonel A. B. 
Jones, Marshall of the daj^ Its order was: — 

1st. The Charleston Brass Band. 
2nd. Company of United States Artillery. 

3rd. The Committee of Arrangements and Reception Committee, 
mounted. 




The Second State Capitoi. Building of West Virginia. 
Erected by the State-House Company, at Chaiieston-on-Kanawha in 1870-1. 



3 908] Capitals and Capitols of West Virginia. 307 



4th. The Governor with all other Officers of the State, mounted. 

5th. The Mayor and Council of Charleston, mounted. 

Cth. The Mayors and Councils of other cities. 

7th. The Judges of Court of Appeals and Circuit Courts. 

8th. Members of the Bar. 

9th. Representatives of all neighboring cities. 

10th. The Charleston Fire Company. 

11th. The several Orders of Odd-Fellows present. 

12th. The Orders of Masons present. 

13th. The Temperance Societies present. 

14th. The children of the Charleston Institute. 

15th. The children of the Union School. , 

IGth. The citizens generally. 

The ]\Iayor of Charleston with members of the municipal govern- 
ment received the State ofiicials, and he then delivered an ad- 
dress of welcome. This concluded, the procession moved up Front 
street, to Dunbar street, thence by Dunbar street to Church street ; 
then do\Mi Church Street to Central avenue ; thence up Central 
avenue, to the residences provided for the Governor and other 
officers of the State. It was a gala day, such as had never been 
seen in Charleston before. As previou.sly stated, the Capitol building 
being erected by "The State-House Company" was not yet ready 
for occupancy, but the people did all possible to accommodate the 
officials, and aided in the transportation of the property. The Bank 
■of the West gave the entire building theretofore occupied by it, 
for the use of a number of the State Officers; the Merchants Bank 
of Charleston furnished a portion of its building to the State 
Treasurer; while the trustees of St. John's Protestant Episcopal 
Church, gave the free use of its schoolroom for the State Library. 
On the 20th of December, 1870, the "State House Company" made 
formal delivery of the Capitol to the Governor and it was im- 
mediately occiipied by the State officials. Governor Stevenson, 
in his ensuing message to the Legislature when speaking of the 
building, said: "It is, as you cannot fail to observe, a neat, com- 
modious, and substantial structure, and reflects much credit upo!i 
the public spirited citizens under whose management it was com- 
pleted and finished. ' ' When completed it had cof^t $79,000.00. 

Wheeling a Second Time the Capital of West Virginia : — For 
a time all went well with Charleston, but disappointment awaited the 
people of that town. On the 18th of January, 1875, — five days after 
the session began — Hon. Jonathan M. Bennett, of Lewis county, a 
senator from the Ninth Senatorial District, introduced "Senate 



308 Archives a^d History. [W. Va. 



Bin No. 29," entitled "A Bill to remove the seat of Government 
temporarily to Wheeling." On the 13th of February this passed 
the senate by a vote of thirteen yeas, to eleven nays. It was reported 
to the Honse of Delegates the same day, and five days later, passed 
that body, the vote standing thirty-eight yeas and twenty nays. 
Grovernor Jacob did not approve this Act and on the twentieth of 
Febmarv^ it became a law without his signature. This Act was in 
form like many of those of the old time Virginia Assembly, that 
is, it was an Act having a Preamble. In this it was set forth 
that : — 

"Whereas. Henry K. List, Michael Reilly, John McLure, Geo. W. Franz- 
heim and Simon Horkheimer, citizens of Wiieeling, have agreed to fur- 
nish the State, without cost thereto, suitable accommodations, in said 
city for the legislative, executive and judicial departments of the State, in- 
cluding the state library, should the seat of government of the State be 
removed temporarily to said city: and 

Whereas, It appears to the legislature that the capital of the State 
should be located at a more accessible and convenient point; therefore. 

Be it enacted by the Legislature of West Virginia. That on and after 
the passage of this act, until hereafter otherwise provided by the law, 
the seat of government of the State of West Virginia shall be at the city 
of Wheeling," 

This meant a new Capitol Building or State House at Wheeling, 
and the people of that city proceeded with much energy, to erect 
it. A Capitol Committee Avas appointed. Captain John McClure 
being its Chairaian. On the 17th of ]\Iarch ensuing, the city coun- 
cil adoplted an ordinance providing for an issue of city bonds to the 
amount of $100,000.00, the proceeds to be used for the erection 
of a Public Building. The Ordinance did not allude to the occu- 
panc}'' of it but it was known to all that the State Government was 
to be its tenanc}^ as long as Wheeling remained the capital city of 
West. Virginia. This ordinance was approved by a vote of tin? 
people oni the first IMonday in April, following. The bonds were 
issued and put on the market. Bids aggregating $429,000.00 were 
made for them, and all were sold above par on Juh' 10th, the pur- 
chasers being : 

John J. Brown of Morgantown, West Virginia $20,000.00 

Exchange Bank of Wheeling, West Virginia 60,000.00 

Bank of Wheeling, West Virginia 15,000.00 

Kingwood National Bank, Kingwood, West Virginia. . . 5,000.00 

Total bonds • sold $100,000.00 



190S1 Capitals a>d Capitols of West Virginia. 309 

J. »S. Fairfax, a competent architect was employed and his plans 
were accepted by the city council early in May. The estimated 
cost of erection was $90,000.00. On the 19th of July, the contract 
for the erection of the Capitol was let to A. R. Sheppard of Mead- 
ville, Pennsylvania, his bid therefor being $82,940.00; he gave bond 
in the penalty of $30,000.00 for the faithful performance of the 
work. He immediately sub-let the contract for the stone work to 
Henry Gunther who began work two days thereafter — July 21, 
1875. On the 4th of the ensuing September, the foundation was 
completed, and on the 18th of that month, the corner stone was 
laid by the Masonic Fraternity". 

But now th'3 people of Charleston resolved to test the constitution- 
ality of the Act providing for the removal of the seat of government. 
The date fixe dfor this was the twenty-first day of May, — and sixty 
days prior to this — jMarch 30tli — John Slack, Sr., John T. Cotton, 
Edward C. Stolle, John C. Ruby, John T. "White, Alexander H. 
Wilson, and Gustave Stolle, representing the interests of Charles- 
ton, applied to Evermont Ward, Judge of the Ninth Judicial Dis- 
trict, for an injunction restraining the State officials from removing 
the State Archives and other public property from Charleston to 
Wheeling or elsewhere. The applicants having entered into bond 
under the penalty of $5,000.00, the injunction was granted and thus 
begau, what proved to be in some respects at least, the most re- 
markable legal proceedings recorded in the judicial history of the 
State. On the 18th of ]\Iay, John L. Cole, the State Librarian, 
appeared in the Circuit Court of Kanawha County, and asked that 
the injunction be dissolved. James H. Ferguson and William A. 
Quarrier. made able arguments in favor of its perpetuation, but 
Joseph Smith, the presiding Judge, ordered the injunction dis- 
solved. He. however, suspended his decree as to the dissolution 
until the 27th, that the plaintiffs might apply to the Supreme 
Court for an appeal. This they did, and it was granted by Judge 
Charles P. T. Moore at Point Pleasant on the 20th of May. The 
time allowed by Judge Smith— from May 18th to 27th — exteude.l 
beyond the time — May 21st — the date on which the removal was to 
have been made as fixed by law. 

In the meantime, on April 24th, Governor John J. Jacob issued 
a notice to the Auditor and all other heads of Departments to have 
tho archives and paraphernalia of their offices made ready for 
shipment to Wheeling on the 21st of May. He employed carpen- 
ters to make boxes for packing the archives ; draymen to convev them 



310 Abchives and History. [W. Va. 

to the wharf -boat; these were arrested and taken into conrt 
where they were held to answer the charge of violating the terms 
of the injunction. Writs were also served npon the State officials 
all of whom made answer except Governor Jacob who gave the 
matter no attention and he was not arrested. On the 12th of iMay, 
the City Council of Wheeling appropriated $1,500.00 to defray the 
expenses of the removal. The steamer "Emma Graham," one of 
the most popular passenger packets on the Ohio, was chartered at 
a cost of $1,000.00 to transport the officials and State property from 
Charleston. At the appointed time she steamed up the Great 
Kanawha like the Ship ' ' Argo ' ' on the Colchis coast in quest of X\v2 
golden fleece, only she was a "capitol ship" in quest of a State 
Government. She arrived at the landing at Charleston at 10:00 
A. M., Thur.sday, Maj" 21, 1875, and made fast to the wharf. 
Captain John McClure, Chairman of the Wheeling Removal Com- 
mittee, was on board and he hastened to notify the Government of 
the presence and purpose of the steamer. All the State officials 
went on board and selected their quarters, and at 12:30 P. ]\I., the 
steamer let go her lines and steamed down the Great Kanawha, 
leaving all the public property behind in the custody of Judge 
Smith, a responsibility which he was loth to accept. Point Pleas- 
ant was passed that evening at seven o'clock; at Parkersburg all 
passengers were transferred to the steamer "Chesapeake," bound 
for Wheeling. When near Sistersville, the boat received an escort 
Committee composed of twenty gentlemen from Wheeling, who had 
descended the river on the steamer "Hudson'' for the purpose of 
conducting the State officials to the new capital city. It was 8 :30 
P. M. Sunday, May 23d, when the "Chesapeake" arrived at 
Wheeling. The erection of the new Capitol Building was not yet 
begun and on Monday morning the State officials established their 
offices in the Linsly Institute Building — the State Capitol of former 
years. The offices of the Governor and Superintendent of Free 
Schools were on the first floor; those of Auditor, Treasurer and 
Secretary of State were on the second. It was a peculiar condi- 
tion of affairs, that of the State officials being in Wheeling, and the 
State property-library', archives and paraphernalia. -in Charleston. 
Nothing could be done until the Supreme Court of Appeals should 
render a decision in the case. Then there were three Judges on 
the bench, viz: Alpheus F. Playmond, John S. Hoffman and 
Charles P. T. Moore. Arguments in the case were made August 
23d, by E. Willis Wilson. William A. Quarrier and James H. Fer- 



390S] Capitals and Capitols of West Virginia. 311 

guson for Charleston; and by W. W. Arnett, Daniel Lamb, and 
Henr}^ ]Mason ^Mathews, the latter the Attorn ey-G-en-eral of the 
State, for "Wheeling. The decision of the Court dissolving the in- 
junction was handed down September 13th, the opinion — an ex- 
haustive one — having been ^^Titten by Judge Haymond. Soon 
after Edward A. Bennett, the Auditor, and Benjamin Daley, the 
private secretary of Governor Jacob, left "Wheeling to superintend 
the shipping of the State property. This was boxed and placed on 
two model barges and the steamer ' ' Iron "Valley ' ' with them in tow, 
left Charleston, at 3 :00 P. :\I. Thursday September 22d and at 3 :00 
P. ]\I. Saturday, the 25th, arrived at Wheeling. On ]\Ionday all 
was taken to the offices of the State officials, and on the 28th Gover- 
nor Jacob issued a Proclamation declaring the Linsly Institute 
Building to be for the time the capitol, and "Wheeling the capital 
of "West Virginia. The Legislature which met on the 10th of Nov- 
ember assembled in "Washington Hall. It was not until December 
1, 1876, that the new Capitol Building erected by the city was 
occupied by the State. On that day, the Governor made proclama- 
tion thereof. 

Charleston a Second Time the Capital of West Virginia: — 
The question of a permanent seat of government now came to be one 
of earnest discussion by the people of the State, who, as it was said, 
had gro^vn weary of having the capital on steamers plying between 
Charleston and Wheeling. The members of the Legislature in the 
session of 1877, were made aware of this dissatisfaction, andaccord- 
ingly sought to remove the cause. On the 16th of January, that 
year. Peregrine Hays, a member of the House of Delegates from 
Gilmer County, submitted "House Bill No. 25" entitled ''A BiU 
providing for the location of a permanent Seat of Government 
for this State, and the Erection thereat of the necessary Public 
Buildings for the use of the State." This passed the House Feb- 
ruary 5th, by a vote of 40 yeas to 16 nays ; and on the 19th of that 
month, it passed the Senate, yeas 12, nays 9. 

By the provisions of this Act the sense of the people was to be 
taken on the question of a permanent location of the Seat of Gov- 
ernment, at an election to be held on the first Tuesday in August, 
1877. The places to be voted for were Charleston, in Kanawha Coun- 
ty ; Martinsburg, in Berkelej^ County ; and Clarksburg, in Harrison 
County. The one receiving a majority of the votes cast was to be 
the permanent capital of the State after ]May 1, 1885, — eight years 



312 



Archives and History. 



[W. Va. 



thereafter. There was a spirited contest. The following shows the 
vote by counties on this question: — 



COUNTIES 


o 

1,415 

48 


til 

B 

a 

4 
3,569 


a 



w 

5 

o 

4 

1 

960 

y5i 

34 1 

1,832' 
587 
479 
39 

1.760 
225 
116 

1,902 

573: 

95: 

594 

13, 

2,169 
328! 

6,140 
261 

1,167| 
885 i 
308 
140 
206 

3,004 

1.017 


COUNTIES 


3 
3 


u 

a 
e 


d 


— 

XI 



Barbour 


Mineral 


561 

1,188 

8 

40 

15 

2.165 

189 

446 

259 

1,798 

5 

2 

859 

1,572 

2 

3 

1,086 

363 


160 

4 

573 

1,193 
146 

8 

■ 32 

2 

1 

172 
1 


1.55 


Berkeley — 

Boone .... 


Monongalia 


626 
1 404 


Braxton 


293 

656 

6 

160 


11 

40 

2 


Morgan 


5 




Nicholas 

Ohio 


965 


Cabell 


218 
280 


Clay 




93 


Doddridge 

Fayette 


1,587 


2 


Pocahontas 

Preston 

Putnam 


241 
42 


Gilmer 


653 
310 

160 

414 

226 

3,875 

68 

41 

42 

1,426 


1 

87 

"l49 

8 

187 

1 

1,340 

2 

29 

'"■'l 


1,654 


Grant 


Raleigh 


1 034 


Greenbrier 




31 






145 


Hancock 




1.995 


Hardy 

Harrison 


Summers 

Taylor 


1,410 
141 


Jackson 


Tucker 


6 




Tyler* 




Kanawha 




843 

2 

79 

1,226 

238 

1,253 

29.943 


60 

1 

2 

24 
186 


163 


Lewis 

Lincoln 


Wayne 


2,011 
362 


Logan 

McDowell 


1 


Wetzel 

Wirt 


51 
612 




2,431 

1,473 

18 


12 
2S 


Wood 


l,--'02 


Marshall 




566 


Mason 


Totals ...... 




8.046 


41.243 

















• No return. 

Charleston had received a majority of all the votes cast. Thirty 
days thereafter the Governor made proclamation of the result, and 
declared Charleston to have been selected as the permanent capital 
of the State, after the expiration of eight years. 

The Act further provided that when the permanent location had 
been decided by the people, the Board of Public Works should 
select and procure a suitable site on which to erect the necessary 
Public Buildings; and it was authorized to receive such donations 
in land or money or both, as should be tendered said Board. In 
order to further aid in carrying into effect the provisions of the 
Act the sum of $50,000.00 was appropriated from the State Treas- 
ury. This money, together with such donations as might be re- 
ceived, was to be expended in the erection of a new Capitol Building, 
or in any building which might be upon the site acquired as afore- 
said so far as might be deemed necessary to fit the same for occupa- 
tion by the several Departments of the State Government. 

The State House Company still owned the Capitol Building at 
Charleston, which it erected for the State in 1870. This property 



^J" 



& UJ 



b- O 



5-^ 



H « 




1908] Capitals axd Capitols of West Virgixia. 313 

was conveyed to the Board of Public Works by deed bearing date 
August 13, 1878 ; and thus the State came into possession of land 
for which the State House Company had paid $8,000.00 and a 
building thereon the erection of which had cost $71,000.00. the 
total cost of the land and building aggregating $79,000.00. This 
building had to be remodeled, in fact demolished, and a new one 
erected on the site thereof. The Board of Public Works employed 
C. C. Kemple and A. Peoples as architects to prepare plans and 
specifications for the contemplated building ; and on May 27, 1880, 
the contract for its erection was let to A. H. Sheppard of IMead- 
ville. Pennsylvania, the same who had erected the State Capitol at 
AVheeling. his bid being $183,245.00. To meet this obligation on the 
part of the State, the Legislature, in addition to the $50,000.00. 
carried by the Act providing for the permanent location of the 
Seat of Government, made additional appropriations of $50,000.00 
in 1881; $34,000.00 in 1882; and $50,247.00 in 1883. Sheppard 
failed to completehis contract, and in June, 1884, the Board of Pub- 
lie Works, employed S. W. Howard as architect and superintendent 
and let the contract for the completion of the work to Henry D. 
Kuffner and James Grady of Charleston, whose bid therefor was 
$61,500.00. Jones and Kelly of Pittsburg whose contract was signed 
August 13. 1881, put in the steam-heating apparatus, ventilators, 
plumlung. gas-fitting, machinery and elevators at a cost of $34,000.- 
00. Then came the painting, carving, frescoing, metal ceilings, 
glazing, stair-building, which brought the total cost of the building 
jup to $389,923.58, at the time it was formally received by the Board 
of Pul)lic Works, July 7, 1888. ' i 

Meantime, the date fixed by law for the removal of the Seat of 
Government from Wheeling to Charleston — May 1, 1885 — arrived. 
For days prior to this the State Officials had been busy packing 
the public archives and paraphernalia in the Capitol at Wheeling, 
and having it transferred to the river where much of it was placed 
upon the model barge ' ' Nick Crawley. ' ' Two steamers, the. ' ' Chesa - 
])eake." Captain William Prince; and the "Bell Prince." Captain 
Kugler : were chartered and early in the morndng of INIay 2, 1885, 
the former having on board the State officials and their effects; 
and the latter having the barge in tow, left the wharf at Wheeling 
and began the descent of the Ohio. Large canvas banners decorated 
the sides of the barge and steamers, and legends thereon informer] 
the populace along the river that the State Capital of West Virginia 
was again in iransifu. At 7:00 P. ]\L Sundav. :Mav 3d. the 



314 Archives and History. [W. Va. 

steamers hove in sight at Charleston. A cannon on the deck of 
the ' ' Bell Prince '' was fired every few seconds ; and all the steam- 
ers in port kept up a continuous blowioig of whistles. This was 
the only demonstration, but the entire population lined the banks 
of the river. Thus Charleston became the permanent capital of 
the State, from which place, so said the law by which it became 
such, "shall never be removed, except by vote of the majority 
of the qualified voters of the State east at an election held for that 
purpose, in pursuance of an Act of the Legislature." 

From the foregoing it is seen that the Seat of Government of 
West Virginia has been located as follows, that is to say: 

At \\lieeling from June 20, 18G3, to April 1, 1870. 

Time — G years,, 7 montlis, and 11 days. 

At Charleston from April 1, 1870, to May 21, 1875 

Time — 5 years, 1 month, and 20 days. 

At Wheeling from May 21, 1875, to May 1, 1885. 

Time — 9 years, 11 -months, and 11 days. 

At Charleston from May 1, 1885, to present time, October 1, 1908. 

Time — 23 years, S months, and days. 

For data relating to the new Capitol Annex Building, see Frontis- 
piece in this Report. 



APPENDIX XIII. 



WEST VIRGINIANS WHO HAVE BEEN MEMBERS OF TH K 

FEDERAL CONGRESS SINCE THE STATE AVAS 

ADMITTED INTO THE UNION. 



West Virginia was formally admitted into tlie Union on the 20th 
of June, 1863, and her members of Congress — both Senators and 
Representatives — took their seats in that body — the Thirty-eighth 
Congress — on the 7th of December, ensuing. The Representatives 
were three in nupaber, and this was continued until, by the ap- 
portionment made under the Census of 1880, the number was in- 
creased to four; no change occurred thereafter until by the Census 
of 1900, the State became entitled to five members. The State's 
representation in Congress since its admission into the Union has 
been as follows : — 

THE THIRTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS. 

(From March 4, 18G3, to March 3, 1865.} 

SENATORS. 

Waitman T. Willey Morgantoivn. 

Peter G. Van Winli;le Par'kers'burg. 

KEPRESEXTATIVES. 

Jacob Beeson Blair Parker shurg. 

Kellian V. Whaley Point Pleasant. 

William Guy Brown Eingioood. 



THE THIRTY-NINTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1865 to March 3, 1867.) 

SENATORS. 

Peter G. Van Winkle Parker shurg. 

Waitman T. Willey Morgantown. 



316 Archives axd History. [W. Va. 

representatives. 

Chester D. Hubbard Wheeling. 

KelHan V. Whaley Point Pleasant. 

George R. Latham Grafton. 



THE FORTIETH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1867, to March 3, 1869.) 

SENATORS. 

Waitman T. Willey Morgantown. 

Peter G. Van Winkle Parkershurg. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Chester D. Hubbard Wheeling. 

Daniel Polsley Point Pleasant. 

Bethuel M. Kitchen Martinsburg. 



THE FORTY-FIRST CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1869 to March 3, 1871.) 

SENATORS. 

Arthur Ingram Boreman Parkershurg. 

Waitman T. Willey Morgantown. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Isaac Harden Duvall Wellsburg. 

John S. Witcher Guyandotte. 

James C. McGrew Kingtvood. 



. THE FORTY-SECOND CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1873.) 

SENATORS. 

Henry Gassaway Davis Piedmont. 

Arthur Ingram Boreman Parkershurg. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

John J. Davis Clarksburg. 

James C. McGrew Kingivood. 

Frank Hereford Union. 



THE FORTY-THIRD CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875.) 

SENATORS. 

Arthur Ingram Boreman Parkersbwg. 

Henry Gassaway Davis Piedmont. 



1908] West Virginians in the Federal Congress. 317 

representatives. 

John J. Davis,* Clarkshurg. 

Frank Hereford TJnion. 

John Marshall Hagans.f Morgantoivn. 



THE FORTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1S75, to March 3, 1877.) 

SENATORS. 

Allen T. Capertonft Union. 

Samuel PriceJ Lewisburg. 

Frank Hereford§ Union. 

Henry Gassaway Davis Piedmont. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Charles James Faulkner Martinshurg, 

Benjamin Wilson Clarksburg 

Frank Hereford Union. 



THE FORTY-FIFTH CONGRESS 
(From March 4, 1877, to March 3, 1879.) 

SENATORS. 

Henry Gassav^ray Davis Piedmont. 

Frank Hereford Union. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

John Edward Kenna Charleston. 

Benjamin Wilson Clarksburg. 

Benjamin Franklin Martin Pruntytoion. 



THE FORTY-SIXTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1879, to March 3, 1881.) 



Frank Hereford Union. 

Henry Gassaway Davis Piedmont. 



*KIection nnsnccessfully contested by Benjamin W'iLson ; took his seat January 
2 i , 1 874. 

tEIoction unsuccessfully contested by Benjamin F. Martin: toolv his seat Jan- 
uary 27, 1874. 

ttDied .July 26, 1870. 

,D_„'>^PPO-"**''^ i° place of Allen T. Caperton, deceased; took his seat December 4. 
18(0. 

sE'ec-*ed ^dintor in iilnee of Allen T. Caperton. deceased, Samuel Price having 
been appointed i)i-<, Icmiiorc: took his seat Janvmry 31, 1877. 



518 Archives axd HisTOEr. [W. Va. 



EEPRESEXTATIVES. 



Benjamin Wilson Clarksburg. 

Benjamin Franlvlin Martin Piedmont. 

John Edward Kenna Charleston. 



THE FORTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. 
(From Marcli 4, 1S81, to March 3, 1883.) . 

SEXATORS. 

Johnson N. Camden Parkersburg. 

Henry Gassaway Davis Piedmont, 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Benjamin "Wilson Clarksburg. 

John Blair H'oge Martinsburg. 

John Edward Kenna Charleston. 



THE FORTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1883, to March 3, 1885.) 

SEXATORS. 

Johnson N. Camden Parkersburg. 

John Edward Kenna Charleston. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Nathan Goff, Jr .' Clarksburg. 

William L. Wilson Charles Tovm. 

Charles Philip Snyder Charleston. 

Eustace Gibson Huntington. 



THE FORTY-NINTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1SS5, to March 3, 1887.) 



SENATORS. 



Johnson N. Camden Parkersburg. 

John Edward Kenna Charleston. 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



Nathan Goff, Jr Clarksburg. 

William L. Wilson Charles Town. 

Charles Philip Snyder Charleston. 

Eustace Gibson Huntington. 



1908] West Virgixiaxs ix the Federal Congress. _ 319 



THE FIFTIETH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 18S7, to March 3, 18S9.) 

SENATORS. 

Charles James Faulkner Martinsburg. 

John Edward Kenna CharJeston. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Nathan Goff, Jr Clarksburg. 

William L. Wilson Charles Toion. 

Charles Philip Snyder Charleston. 

Charles Edgar Hogg Point Pleasatit. 



THE FIFTY-FIRST CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1889, to March 3, 1891.) 

SENATORS. 

Charles James Faulkner Martinsburg. 

John Edward Kenna Charleston. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

George Wesley Atkinson Wheeling. 

William L. Wilson Charles Town. 

John D. Alderson Summer sville. 

James Monroe Jackson* Parkersburg. 

Charles Brooks Smitht Parkersburg. 

John O. Pendletont Wheeling. 



THE FIFTY-SECOND CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1891, to March 3, 1893.) 

SENATORS. 

Charles James Faulkner Martinsburg. 

John Edward Kenna* Charleston. 

Johnson N. Camdenf Parkersburg. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

John O. Pendeton Wheeling. 

William L. Wilson Charles Toivn. 

John D. Alderson Summersville. 

James Capehart Point Pleasant. 



♦TTiiseated February 3, IROO, liy Charles Brooks Smith. 
tTook his S'^at February ?,. 1800. 

JUnseitfd February 2G, 1S90, l)y George Wesley Atl-;inson, who took his seat Feb- 
ruary 26, 1890. 

*Died .January 11, ISO."?. 

tEleeted as successor of .John Edward Kenna. deceased ; and took his seat Jan- 
uary '28, 1803. 



320 Archives axd History. [W. Va. 

THE FIFTY-THIRD CONGRESS. 

(From March 4, 1893, to March 3, 1895.) 

SENATORS. 

Charles James Faulkner Martinsburg. 

Johnson N. Camden Parkersbiirg. 

REPRESEXTATIVES. 

John 0. Pendleton Wheeling. 

William L. Wilson Charles Toion. 

John D. Alderson Summersville. 

James Capehart Point Pleasant. 



THE FIFTY-FOURTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1895 to March 3, 1897.) 

SENATORS. 

Stephen Benton Elkins Elkin.'!. 

Charles James Faulkner Martinsburg. 

RErRESENTATIVES. 

Blackburn Barrett Dovenor Wheeling. 

Alston Gordon Dayton Philippi. 

James H. Huling Charleston. 

Warren Miller Ripley. 



THE FIFTY-FIFTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1897, to March 3, 1899.) 



SENATORS. 



Stephen Benton Elkins Elkins. 

Charles James Faulkner Martinsburg. 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



Blackburn Barrett Dovencr Wheeling. 

Alston Gordon Dayton Philippi. 

Charles P. Dorr Webster Springs. 

Warren Miller Ripley. 



THE FIFTY-SIXTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1899, to March 3, 1901.) 

SENATORS. 

Stephen Benton Elkins Elkins. 

Nathan Bay Scott Wheelimj. 



1908] AVest Virginians in the Federal Congress. 321 

RErRESENTATIVES. 

Blackburn Barrett Dovener Wheeling. 

Alston Gordon Dayton Philippi. 

David E. Johnston Bluefield. 

Romeo Hoyt Freer Harrisville. 



THE FIFTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, IdOl, to March 3, 1903.) 

SENATORS. 

Stephen Benton Elkins Elkins. 

Nathan Bay Scott Wheeling. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Blackburn Barett Dovenor Wheeling. 

Alston Gordon Dayton Philippi. 

Joseph Holt Gaines Charleston. 

James A. Hughes Huntington. 



THE FIFTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1903, to March 3, 1905.) 

SENATORS. 

Stephen Benton Elkins Elkns. 

Nathan Bay Scott Wheeling. 

KEPRESEN TATIVES . 

Blackburn Barrett Dovenor Whe'eli7ig. 

Alston Gordon Dayton Philippi. 

Joseph Holt Gaines Charleston. 

Harry Chapman Woodyard Spencer. 

James Anthony Hughes ; Huntington. 



THE FIFTY-NINTH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1905, to March 3, 1907.) 

SENATORS. 

Stephen Benton Elkins Elkins. 

Nathan Bay Scott Wheeling. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

Blackburn Barrett Dovenor Wheeling. 

Joseph Holt Gaines Charleston. 

Thomas Beall Davis Keyser. 

Harry Chapman Woodyard Spencer. 

James Anthony Hughes Huntington. 



Archives and History. [W. Va. 



THE SIXTIETH CONGRESS. 
(From March 4, 1907, to March 3, 1909.) 

SENATOKS. 

Stephen Benton Elkins Elkins. 

Nathan Bay Scott Wheeling. 

KEPRESEXTATIVES.* 

William Pallister Hubbard • Wheeling. 

Joseph Holt Gaines Charleston. 

George Cookman Sturgiss Morgantoivn. 

Harry Chapman Woodyard Spencer. 

James Antohny Hughtes Huntington. 



IVB'ST VIRGINIA MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, WITH RESIDENCE, BY 

COUNTIES. 

SENATORS. 

Berkeley County Charles J. Faulkner, Jr. 

Oreenbrier County Samuel Price. 

Kanaicha County John Edward Kenna (Both). 

Mineral County Henry Gassaway Davis. 

Monongalia County Waitman T. Willey. 

Monroe County Frank Hereford (Both) . 

Monroe County Allen T. Caperton. 

Ohio County Nathan Bay Scott. 

Randolph County Stephen Benton Elkins. 

Wood County Arthur Ingram Boreman. 

Wood County Johnson N. Camden. 

Wood County Peter G. Van Winkle. 

KKPRKSKNl ATIVE.S. 

Barbour County Alston Gordon Dayton. 

Berkeley County — John Blair Hoge, Charles James Faulkner and Bethuel 

M. Kitchen. 

Brooke County Isaac H. Duvall. 

Cabell County John S. Witcher and Eustace Gibson. 

Harrison County — Nathan Goff, Jr., John J. Davis, and Benjamin Wilson. 

Jackson County Warren Miller. 

Jefferson County William L. Wilson. 

Kanawha County — Joseph Holt Gaines, James H. Huling, John E. Kenna 

(Both Houses), and Charles Philip Snyder. 
Mason County — Daniel Polsley, Kellian V. Whaley, Charles E. Hogg and 

James Capehart. 

Mercer County David E. Johnston. 

Min&ral County Thomas Beall Davis. 

Monongalia County — George Cookman Sturgiss. and John Marshall Hagans. 

Note — All the last named Representatives have been reelected to membership 
in the Sixty-First Congress. 



190S] West Virgixiaxs ix the Fedekai. Congress. 323 

Monroe County Frank Hereford, (Both Houses.) 

Nicholas County John D. Alderson. 

Ohio County — William P. Hubbard, John O. Pendleton, George W. Atkin- 
son, Chester D. Hubbard, and Blackburn Barrett Dove- 
ner. 

Preston County William Guy Brown, and .Tames C. McGrew. 

Ritchie County Romeo H'. Freer. 

Roane County Harry Chapman Woodyard. 

Taylor County Benjamin F. Martin and George R. Latham. 

Webster County Charles P. Dorr. 

Wood County ...Jacob B. Blair, James M. Jaclvson, and Charles B. Smith. 

From the foregoing it appears tliat twelve dilterent persons liavo 
been members of the Senate; and forty-one persons meraber>s of tlie 
Honse of Eepresentatives. 



APPENDIX XIV. 



WEST VIRGINIANS WHO WERE IN SOME WAY CONNECT- 
ED WITH THE VIRGINIA GOVERNMENT, WHILE 
THE TWO STATES WERE ONE. 



In the years preeeeding the war between the States, that is, be- 
fore the division of Virginia, numbers of West Virginians, were 
in various ways connected witli the Government of the Old State — 
the proud "Old Dominion." Among these were the following:^ 



HON. JOSEPH JOHNSON:— Of Bridgeport, Harrison county; was born 
December 10th, 17S5; served as a soldier in the Second War with England; 
was a member of the General Assembly in 1815; elected to Congress in 
1823 and reelected for different terms betwen that date and 1850; March 
21st, 1851, was elected Governor of "Virginia by the joint ballot of the 
General Assembly, receiving seventy-three votes out of a total of one hun- 
dred and twenty-two; fourth Tuesday in May, 185"2, was elected Governor 
by the people for the term of four years, defeating George W. Summers 
of Kanawha county, by a majority of five thousand votes; died at Bridge- 
port, February 27, 1877; the only West Virginian that ever filled the Gu- 
bernatorial chair of Virginia. 



ELISKA WESLEY McCOMAS:— Born in Cabel county; educated at the 
Ohio University, at Athens; studied law and was admitted to the bar in 
1S41; was commissioned as Captain in the Eleventh Virginia Infantry, 
at the beginning of the War with Mexico; served through the war; was 
wounded and taken prisoner; became a member of the General Assembly; 
"was elected Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia on the ticket with Henry 
A. Wise, in 1855; President State Senate, session of 1855-5G; resigned 
later and removed to Chicago; became Editor in Chief of the "Chicago 
Times", the paper being owned by Cyrus H. McCormack; delivered the 
address of welcome to the Prince of Wales upon the occasion of his visit 
to Chicago; died March 11, 1890, aged seventy years. 



JAMES LAWRENCE CARR:— Born in Albemarle county, Virginia, 
February 20, 1813; educated at the University of Virginia, class of 1834; 



1908] West Vibginiaxs Connected with the Virginia Government. 325 

came to Kanawha county in 1834; practiced law in "Wheeling in 1835; re- 
located in Charleston in 1836, and engaged in the practice of law; upon 
the resignation of Elisha Wesley McComas, he was appointed Lieutenant- 
Governor, but declined to qualify; served on staff of Governor Wise in the 
War between the States; died in Charleston, February i, 1875, and is 
buried in Spring Hill Cemetery. 



HON. WILLIAM LOWTHER JACKSON:— Born at Clarksburg, Harrison 
county, February 5, 1825; studied law; was admitted to the bar; served as 
Prosecuting Attorney; member of the General Assembly; was second Au- 
ditor of Virginia, from 1854 to 1857; was appointed Lieutenant-Governor 
on the failure of James Lawrence Carr to qualify; President of State Sen- 
ate, session of 1857-58; became a Confederate Brigadier-General of Cav- 
alry; removed to Louisville, Kentucky, where he served as a Circuit Judge, 
and died there March 26, 1890. 



JUDGE LEWIS SUMMEHS:— Born in Fairfax county, Virginia, Novem- 
ber 7, 1788; settled at Gallipolis, Ohio, in 1808; member of the Ohio Sen- 
ate in 1812; located in Kanawha county, in 1814; was a member of the 
General Assembly in 1817-18; was a meml^er of the Constitutional Con- 
vention in 1829-30; elected a Judge of the General Court of Virginia in 1819, 
by a joint ballot of the General Assembly; died at White Sulphur Springs, 
■Greenbrier county, August 27, 1843, having been on the bench twenty-four 
years, and was buried at "Walnut Grove", the old homestead, on the Great 
Kanawha river. 



HON. GEORGE W. SUMMERS:— Born in Fairfax county, Virginia, 
March 4, 1807, and as an infant, came with his parents to Kanawha county; 
■was graduated from the Ohio University at Athens, in 1826; admitted to 
the bar in Charleston in 1827; member of the General Assembly in 1830, 
and succeeding years; elected to Congress in 1841, and re-elected in 1843; 
member of the Constitutional Convention of 1850-51; nominated by Whig 
party for Governor in 1852; and cam.e within five thousand votes of an 
■election; in the spring of 1861, was a representative on the part of Vir- 
ginia, in the "Peace Conference", held at Washington, one of the most 
important gatherings of public men ever assembled in America; in thta 
body took an active part in defence of the Union; died in September, 1868, 
and is buried beside his wife and brother Lewis, at "Walnut GGrove" on 
the Great Kanawha River. 



JUDGE EDWIN S. DUNCAN:— Born in the Shenandoah Valley in 1790; 
came to Randolph county in 1819; member therefrom in the General As- 
sembly; served as Chief of Staff in Colonel Boothe's Virginia Regiment, 
in the Second War with England; removed to Clarksburg in 1816; member 
of the State Senate in 1820; United States District Atorney for the West- 
>8rn District of Virginia, in 1824; a member of the Constitutional Conven- 



32G Aechives a>-d History. [W. Va. 

tion of 1S29-30; elected a Judge of the General Court of Virginia, by a. 
joint ballot of the General Assembly in 1831; represented Virginia at the 
World's Fair at London, England, in 1851; died at Clarksburg, February 
4th, 1858. 



JUDGE GEORGE HAY LEE: — Born at Winchester in the Shenaniloah 
Valley, in 1807, and graduated from the University of Virginia; settled 
in Clarksburg, and was admitted to the bar in 1831; represented Harrison 
county in the General Assembly; was Prosecuting Attorney of the same 
county; then United States District Attorney for the Western District of 
Virginia; then a Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals in 1850; died at 
his home at Clarksburg, November 20, 1873. 



COLONEL CHARLES S. MORGAN;— Born in Monongalia county, June- 
4, 1799; died in Richmond, Virginia. February 15, 1859; was long con- 
nected with the office of the Auditor of Public Accounts; was Superin- 
tendent of the Penitentiary, and held other positions of public trust in the 
service of the Commonwealth. The following is an inscription on the mon- 
ument at his tomb in Hollywood Cemetery, the "Beautiful City of the 
Dead", at Richmond: "Purity and Wisdom characterized his every ac- 
tion in the various positions of Public Life which he occupied for nearly 
forty years.'" 



JUDGE JAMES NEESON:— Of Marion county; born February 2, 1822; 
died in Richmond, January 26, 1889; was a Judge of the Courts of that 
city. On his monument in Holhwood Cemetery, is the legend: "A Wise- 
Legislator, a Learned Jurist, and a True Gentleman." 



HON. SAMUEL PRICE:— Of Greenbrier county; born July 28, 1805; 
studied law; was admitted to the bar; was clerk of county in 1831; Prose- 
cuting Attorney in 1833; member of the General Assembly in 1835; mem- 
ber of the Conventions of 1850-51 and 1860; was elected Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of Virginia in 1863 ; member of the United States Senate from West 
Virginia in 1876-77; and President of the Second Constitutional Conven- 
tion of West Virginia in 1872; died at Lewisburg, February 25, 1884. 



HON. JONATHAN M. BENNETT: — Born in Collins Settlement, Lewis 
county, October 4, 1816; Clerk of both Courts of his native county; ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1843; member of the General Assembly in 1851; be- 
came Auditor of Public Accounts in 1857, and served untl the close of the 
war; did much to secure the location of the Hospital for the Insane at 
Weston; was a member of the West Virginia Debt Commission, appointed 
in 1871; was a member of the Second West Virginia Constitutional Con- 
vention; die-d at Weston, October 28, 1887. 



]908] West Virgimaxs Coxxected with the Virginia Govebxmext. 327 

JUDGE JOHN J. ALLEN: — An eminent lawyer in Clarksburg, Harrison 
county; was elected as Judge of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Vir- 
ginia; was for many years the president of that body; removed to south- 
west Virginia, where he died several years ago. 



Among West Virginians who were members of the Board of Public 
Works, between the years 1S16, and 1S60, were James McLaughlin, Thomas 
P. Moore, Robert Craig, Heirome L. Opie, Andrew Russell, Peter Scales, 
Lewis Summers, Philip R. Thompson, and John Jay Jackson, Sr., some 
of whom served periods of ten and twelve years. 



913 



■MN 1 1918