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Full text of "The biennial report of the North Carolina Historical Commission [serial]"

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PUBLICATIONS 

OF THE 

NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 

BULLETIN NO. 40 



EIGHTEENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 

OP THE 

NORTH CAROLINA 
HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



1938-1940 



EIGHTEENTH BIENNIAL REPORT 

OF THE 

NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL 
COMMISSION 



July 1, 1938, 

TO 

June 30, 1940 



RALEIGH 

The North Carolina Historical Commission 

1940 



THE NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 



M. C. S. Noble, Chairman, Chapel Hill 

Heriot Clarkson, Raleigh 

J. Allan Dunn, Salisbury 

Mrs. George McNeill, Fayetteville 

Clarence W. Griffin, Forest City 



C. C. Crittenden, Secretary, Raleigh 



LETTER OF TRANSMISSION 



To His Excellency, 
Clyde R. Hoey, 

Governor of North Carolina. 

Sir: — In compliance with Chapter 714 of the Pubhc Laws of 
1907, I have the honor to submit herewith for your Excellency's 
consideration the Biennial Report of the North Carolina His- 
torical Commission for the period July 1, 1938-June 30, 1940. 

Respectfully, 

M. C. S. Noble, 

Chairman. 
Raleigh, N. C, July 1, 1940. 



BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE SECRETARY 

OF THE 

North Carolina Historical Commission 

July 1, 1938, to June 30, 1940 



To M. Cc S. Noble, Chairman, and Heriot Clarkson, J. Allan 
Dunn, Mrs. George McNeill, and Clarence W. Griffin, 

Commissioners : 

I have the honor to submit the following report of the North 
Carolina Historical Commission for the period July 1, 1938-June 
30, 1940: 

ORGANIZATION 

I. The Historical Commission. 

The members of the Commission have remained the same dur- 
ing the biennium. On June 8, 1939, Governor Clyde R. Hoey 
reappointed Mr. J. Allan Dunn for the term ending March 31, 
1945. 

II. The Office Force. 

There has been no change in the personnel of the office force, 
which throughout the biennium has remained as follows: 

Secretary — C. C. Crittenden. 

Collector for the Hall of History — Mattie Erma Edwards. 

Chief Library Assistant- — D. L. Corbitt. 

Restorer of Manuscripts — Mrs. J. M. Winfree. 

Senior Stenographer-Clerk — Sophie D. Busbee. 

Senior Library Assistant — Mrs. W. S. West. 

Manuscript Copyist — Mrs. J. C. Meconnahey. 

Researcher — Marybelle Delamar. 

Janitor-Messenger — Edward Freeman. 

ACCESSIONS 
I. Additions to Collections. 

1. Personal Papers: 

The Alexander Boyd Andrews, Jr., Papers. 1 pamphlet, The Surround- 
ings and Site of Raleigh's Colony. By Talcott Williams of Phila- 
delphia. (Printed from the Annual Report of the American Historical 
Association for 1895, pages 47-61. Washington: Government Printing 
Office. 1896); newspaper, Aurora. Philadelphia, August 10, 1813. 
1 page, positive photostat; Washington: His Person as Represented 
by the A7'tists. The Houdon Statue. Its History and Value. By 
Sherwin McRae. Published by order of the Senate of Virginia. 
(R. F. Walker: Superintendent of Public Printing. 1873. 23 pages.) 
Given by Mr. A. B. Andrews, Raleigh. 



Eighteenth Biennial Report 

Lewis A. Armistead Papers. "The Military Life of Lewis A. Armis- 
tead." Compiled by Dr. Frederick Tilburg, Park Historian, Gettys- 
burg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Pa., March 17, 1939. 3 
typescript pages. Given by the compiler. 

Virginia Dare Papers. Affidavit concerning a "Virginia Dare stone," 
signed by Thomas B. and Thomas William Shallington, April 8, 
1939. Given by Mr. Edwin Bjorkman, Asheville. 1 typescript page. 

Andrew Johnson Papers. Address of W. G. McDonough delivered at 
dedication of marker at grave of Andrew McDonough, Sr. 9 type- 
script pages; address of W. G. McDonough delivered at dedication 
of marker at grave of Andrew McDonough, Jr. 6 typescript pages. 
Given by Mr. W. G. McDonough, 3041/2 Union Street, Nashville, 
Tennessee. 

Clarence Griffin Papers. Tear sheet from The American Press. June, 
1939. Typescript copy of North Carolina Press History, June 1, 1939- 
June 1, 1940. 10 pages; typescript copy of book. History of Old 
Tryon and Rutherford Counties" chapters 1-35, with list of sub- 
scribers; Semi-centennial History of the First Methodist Church, 
Forest City. North Carolina. 16 pages. Compiled by Mr. Clarence 
Grifl!in. Given by the compiler, Forest City. 

W. B. Rodman Collection. "A copy made by the late R. T. Bonner from 
the field notes of the survey made by J. F. Latham in 1851 in con- 
nection with the location and establish [ment] of the Washington- 
Beaufort County line." Paper-bound composition book. Hand- 
written. Given by Mr. W. B. Rodman, Jr., Washington, N. C. 

W. H. S. Burgwyn Papers. 31 Confederate bonds and certificates, 
1861-62; 3 land grants, 1799; 22 letters, 1898-1936; 30 deeds and mis- 
cellaneous papers, 1879-1913; and 84 letters, deeds, bonds, etc., 1799- 
1936. Given by Mrs. W. H. S. Burgwyn, Raleigh. 

Jefferson Davis Papers. Letter to John (H.?) Wheeler from Jefferson 
Davis, June 3, 1854. Given by Mrs. E. B. Cline, Hickory. 

Daniel Harvey Hill Papers. 177 pieces of material. Given by Miss 
Pauline Hill, Raleigh. 

A. B. Hunter Collection. 34 letters and parts of letters, 1871-1931 and 
undated; 19 volumes Sarah L. Hunter diaries; 6 volumes A. B. 
Hunter diaries, etc. Given by Mrs. A. B. Hunter Estate, through 
Mr. J. B. Cheshire, Jr., Raleigh. 

2. County Records: 

Beaufort. 231 marriage licenses, 1927-30. Given by Clerk of Superior 

Court, Washington, N. C. 
Beaufort. Birth and marriage records transcribed from the deed 

books of Beaufort County and other sources. 2 typescript pages. 

Given by Miss Elizabeth Mallison, 122 East 2nd Street, Washington, 

N. C. 
Edgecombe. List of marriage bonds. 21 typescript pages. Compiled 

and given by Mr. Hugh B. Johnston, Jr., county historian, Wilson. 
Halifax. 8 marriage bonds, 1817-30. Given by Mr. E. C. Gregory, 

Salisbury. 
Nash. 238 marriage bonds. Given by Mr. J. N. Sills, Clerk of Superior 

Court, Nashville. 
Person. Marriage bond of Lewelen Jacobs and Mary Russell, Oct. 3, 

1842. Given by Mrs. J. D. Rowlett, Murray, Kentucky. 
Richmond. List of marriage bonds in office of Clerk of Superior 

Court. Prepared and typed by the Historical Records Survey. 
Rutherford. County court minutes, Nov. 15, 1850-May 2, 1862. Bound 

volume. Given by Clerk of Superior Court, Rutherford County, 

through Mr. Clarence Griffin, Forest City. 
Surry. 28 marriage bonds, 1823-26. Given by Dr. T. F. Hickerson, 

Chapel Hill. 
Tryon. Minutes of Committee of [Safety], 1775. 15 photostat sheets. 

Given by Mrs. William Shaw West, Raleigh. 



N. C. Historical Commission 7 

Purchased from the Recordak Corporation, New York, N. Y., through 
the Census Bureau, Washington, D. C, the complete set of micro- 
films of the various North Carolina counties: 1840 census, rolls 
I-VI; 1850 census, rolls I-VIII; 1860 census, rolls I-IX; and 1870 
census, rolls I-XII. All these films were made from originals in 
the custody of the Census Bureau. 

3. Neicspapers: 

Free Press — Extra. March 2, 1895, Kinston; The Daily Free Press, 

April 30, 1895, Kinston; The Caucasian. Nov. 23, 1899, Raleigh; 

The Progressive Farmer. Dec. 5, 1899, April 24, 1909, Raleigh. Given 

by Miss Sybil Hyatt, Kinston. 
Porcupine's Gazette. Philadelphia. Vol. II, No. 286, February 2, 1798, 

pages 1 and 2. William Corbett, publisher. Original. Given by 

Mr. S. W. Worthington, Wilson. 
The Star. Raleigh. Weekly. Vol. Ill, February 14, 28; March 7; 

May 17; Oct. 4, 1811. Given by Dr. Clarence S. Brigham, Worcester, 

Mass. 

4. Civil War: 

Scrap Book of North Carolina Confederate data, submitted by Fred- 
erick B. W'arren, member Martha Kepler Chapter, Children of the 
Confederacy, Asheville. Given by the North Carolina Division, 
United Daughters of the Confederacy, through Mrs. John H. An- 
derson, Raleigh. 

A Southern Vieic of the Invasion of the Southern States and War of 
1861-65. By Captain S. A. Ashe, Raleigh, N. C. (Charlotte, N. C: 
Standard Printing Com.pany. 1938. 75 pages.) Given by State 
College Library, Raleigh. 

5. World War: 

Newspaper clipping regarding Report of Local Exemption Board, 1918. 
Given by Mr. J. S. Kuykendall, Winston-Salem. 

6. Maps: 

"Map of the City of Raleigh, North Carolina. 1939." Prepared in the 
Department of Public Works. Drawn by A. B. U[zzle], Jr. 25-7/8"x 
19-3/16". Scale, 1/2" to 500'. Printed. Given by City of Raleigh. 

State Educational Jig Saw Map. Copyright 1938. Given by Mr. R. H. 
Wilson, Thomasville. 

"Plat of Fort Raleigh Tract, Roanoke Island-Dare County, N. C, for 
North Carolina Historical Commission." 13"xl4-%". Scale, 1" to 
100'. May, 1939. Made by J. L. Murphy, Dare County Surveyor, 
Manteo, N. C. Pen sketch. Purchased from Mr. J. L. Murphy, Dare 
County Surveyor, Manteo. 

"The Old Northwest Territory, . . . How the United States came 
into Possession of Northwest Territory. ... By Federal Art 
Project, WPA of Ohio." F. Rentschler, Artist. 17%"x23". Colored 
and descriptive. Lithographed. Given by the Northwest Territory 
Celebration Commission, Marietta. Ohio 

Purchased from Mr. H. W. Flansburgh, Seattle, Washington, 9 maps, 
as follows: 

"Vicinity of Raleigh, North Carolina." 4i4."x4". Printed. 
"North Carolina" [Morse and Gaston, New York, 1856]. 7^4 "x6%". 

Scale, 1" to 60 miles. Printed. 
"North Carolina" [1795]. 8"x6y2". Scale, 1" to 60 miles. Printed. 
"North Carolina" [about 1821]. Published by A. Finiey, Philada. 

Ili4:"x8y2". Scale 1" to 40 miles. Printed. 
"Johnson's North Carolina and South Carolina" [1866]. Published 
by Johnson and Ward. Inset, "Map of Charleston Harbor." 
23i/4"xl6%". Scale, 1" to 25 miles. Printed. 



Eighteenth Biennial Report 

"Johnson's North Carolina and South Carolina" [1862]. Johnson 
and Ward. 24"xl7". Scale, 1" to 25 miles. Inset, "Plan of 
Charleston, Vicinity & Harbor." Printed. 
"Johnson's North Carolina and South Carolina [1870]. Published 
by A. J. Johnson, New York. Inset, "Map of Charleston Harbor." 
16%"x23". Scale, 1" to 25 miles. Printed. 
"County Map of Florida," "County Map of North Carolina," "Map of 

South Carolina." Undated. 14%"xll%". Printed. 
"A New Map of Nth. Carolina with its Canals, Roads & Distances . . ." 
[1841]. By H. S. Tanner. Inset of "Gold Region." 13y2"xlli/2". 
Scale %" to 25 miles. Printed. 
Purchased from the Library of Congress: 

"Map of Hertford and part of Northampton and Bertie Counties, 
N. C. . . . April, 1863." 2 copies, negative and positive 
photostats. 8 pieces. 20i4"xl8i4"; 19%"xl8"; 18i4"x20i4"; 
191/2 "XI814". 
"Map of a Part of Eastern North Carolina . . . 1864." 4 pieces. 
Photostat. 22-5/16"xl7-l/8"; 25-5/8"xl7-3/16"; 22-l/2"xl7-5/8"; 
23-3/8"xl8". 
Given by Mr. Dudley Bagley, Raleigh: 

"The United States of America . . . 1793." Engraved by Wm. 
Faden. 19%"xl7i/^". Photostat. Original in possession of Mr. 
Bagley. 
"Novissima et Accuratissima Totius Americae Discriptio per N. 
Visscher. 1863." 19-l/2"xl6-3/16". Photostat. Original in pos- 
session of Mr. Bagley. 
"Carolina," by H. Moll, Geographer, 1729. 6^/2 "x4%". Photostat from 

negative in possession of Mr. J. Hampton Rich, Winston-Salem. 
Purchased from Cadmus Book Shop, Inc., New York, N. Y. : 

"Map of North Carolina, showing the routes of railroad travel . . . 
at the end of the year 1882." Printed . . . by . . . University 
Publishing Company, 19 Murray Street, New York, from the 
plates prepared for . . . (Maury's) State Geography. J. Wells, 
Del., Russell, Struthers & Co., Engs., N. Y. 9i4"xl8i4". Scale, 
%" to approximately 15 miles. Map extracted from P. M. Hale, 
In the Goal and Iron Counties of 'North Carolina. (Raleigh, 
1883.) Printed. 
[Northeast section of North Carolina showing parts of Currituck and 
Pasquotank counties.] Photostat. 17"xl5%". Original in William 
L. Clements' Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Given by William L. 
Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 
"To David Stone and Peter Brown Esqrs. This First Actual Survey of 
the State of North Carolina. Taken by the Subscribers is respect- 
fully dedicated By their humble Servants Jona. Price, John Strother. 
1808. Engraved by W. Harrison, Philada. Printed by C. P. Harrison. 
59"x29i4". Scale, 1" to 81/3 miles. Printed. Given by the Water 
Resources Division of the North Carolina State Department of Con- 
servation and Development through courtesy of Mr. Carroll L. Mann. 
"Map of the region occupied and explored by Raleigh's Colony, by 
John White." Drawn 1585. Original in British Museum. This 
photostat from Century Magazine. Vol. XXV, p. 73, Nov., 1882. 3 
copies— 2 negatives, 1 positive: 2-l/16"x5-l/2"; 9-3/16"xl8-ll/16"; 
15-3/4"xl9-3/8". 
"Map of southern part of Atlantic Coast of North America, showing 
the strait leading from Port Royal to the South Sea." Drawn in 
1585 by John White, artist to the Raleigh colony. Original in the 
British Museum. These photostats from Centjiry Magazine, Vol. 
XXV, pp. 66-67, Nov., 1882. 2 copies — 1 positive and 1 negative: 
positive 19-5/16"xl5-ll/16"; negative 18"xl4-l/2". 
"The Famous West Indian voyage made by the Englishe fleete of 23 
shippes and Barkes wherin weare gotten the Townes of St. lago: 
Sto. Domingo, Cartagena and St. Augustines the same beinge begon 
from Plimouth in the Moneth of September 1585 and ended at 



N. C. Historical Commission 9 

Portesmouth in lulie 1586 the whole course of the first viadge beinge 
plainlie desci'ibed by the pricked line Newiie come forth by Baptlsta 
B. ..." 2 photostat copies — positive and negative. Positive 20i4"x 
16%", negative 17"x21%". Made from photostat of copy belonging 
to the William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan, Ann 
Arbor, Michigan. 

Geiiealogical: 

The following material was given by Mr. Hugh B. Johnston, Jr., 
Wilson County historian, Wilson, N. C: 

21 typescript pages of Edgecombe County marriage bonds; 1 type- 
script page of Wilson County tombstone records; 38 typescript 
pages, "Notes on the Lawrence, Bogue, Roberts, Bozeman, and 
Martin families"; 27 typescript pages, data on the Moore family; 
and 19 typescript pages, notes on the Ward family. 

"John Kirkpatrick." Historical paper read at unveiling of a monu- 
ment to his memory, September 18, 1938, 2 typescript pages; news- 
paper article from Knoxville Neios-Senti7iel, September 15, 1938; and 
4 snapshots of monument. Given by Mr. E. Spears McCullough, 
Knoxville, Tennessee. 

"Harvey families in America." Brief history and bibliography. 3 
typescript pages. Compiled and given by Mrs. Lewis C. McPherson. 

Records taken from family Bible in possession of Mrs. Mamie Gaskill 
McCulloch, Salisbury. Given by Mr. J. Hampton Rich, Winston- 
Salem. 

Wells and Allied Families, by Guy Herbert Wells and Ruby Hammond 
Wells, 1938. Milledgeville, Georgia. 105 mimeographed pages. Given 
by Mr. Guy H. Wells, Milledgeville, Georgia. 

Descendants of John Tina-man of Vi7-gi7iia, William Graves of Virginia, 
and James Jones of South Carolina, by John D. Humphries. 80 
pages; Georgia Desceyula^its of Nathaniel Pope — Jolni Humphries — - 
Allen Gay. by John D. Humphries. 40 pages; Descendants of Daniel 
McNair — Jacob Miller — James Nishet and Robert Jones, by Mrs. John 
D. Humphries. 65 pages; Descendants of Charles Humphries of 
Virginia, Reuben Brock I of Ireland and Aaron Parker of Virginia, 
by John D. Humphries. 63 pages; Descendants of Charles Humphries 
of Virginia, by John D. Humphries. 15 pages, 2 copies. Given by 
Hon. John D. Humphries, Superior Court, Atlanta, Georgia. 

The Stewart Clan Magazine. Vol. XVL Nos. 1-12 (July, 1938-June, 1939). 
George Edson, editor. Given by Mr. George Edson, * Beatrice, 
Nebraska. 

Data on North Carolina citizens who moved to Georgia between 1700 
and 1800. 5 typescript pages. Given by Mr. Folks Ruxford, Homer- 
ville, Georgia. 

17 boxes of miscellaneous genealogical material on various families. 
Given by Mrs. Daisy Crump Whitehead, Raleigh. 

Given by Mr. C. H. Cory, Jr., St. Petersburg, Florida, the following 
9 volumes of genealogy: Lineal Ancestors of Rufus Rennington 
You7ig Vosburgh and of their Descendants, 50 pages; Li7ieal An- 
cestors of James Cory a7id of His Descenda7its. Vol. I, Part I, 178 
pages; Part IL 183 pages; Lineal A7icestors of Rlioda (Axtell) Coi-y, 
Mother of Captain Ja7nes Co7-y, Vol. H, Part I, 142 pages; Part H, 
160 pages; Lineal A7icestors of Susan (Mulford) Cory, Vol. Ill, Part 
I, 200 pages; Part II, 239 pages; Lineal Ancestors of S7isan {Kitchell) 
Mulford. Mother of Mrs. Susan {Mulford) Cory, Vol. IV, Part I, 146 
pages; Part II, 150 pages. 

"Reminiscences of Christenberry Lee, 1823-1895," published in The 
Forest City Courier, October 6, 1938-January 19, 1939. In back of 
folder, "Local Events of 1938 as Told in the Courier." 22 pages of 
newspaper clippings bound in folder. Given by Mr. Clarence W. 
Griffin, Forest City. 

Gadd Genealogy. 1939. By Joseph Hayden Gadd, Princeton, West 
Virginia. 39 pages. Given by the author. 



10 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

Descendants of Adam Spach. Compiled by Henry Wesley Foltz. Trans- 
lated from the German records and prepared ... by Miss Adelaide 
L. Pries. . . . Published by Wachovia Historical Society, Winston- 
Salem, N. C. 1924. xxvi, 200 pages. Includes separate Index of 
Family Names Contained in "Descendants of Adam Spacli." 11 
pages. Given by Miss Adelaide L. Fries, Winston-Salem. 

7 maps, 1 scrapbook, 22 folders of tombstone and other genealogical 
records. Given by the North Carolina Society, Daughters of the 
American Revolution. 

Aydelott Family Association, Bulletin Nos. 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, and 27. 
Mimeographed. Given by Mr. George Carl Avdelett, New York, 
N. Y. 

Sketch of Adam Phillips read at the unveiling of a marker to his 
memory, September 4, 1938. Compiled and given by Mrs. Leslie B. 
Clark, Dallas, Texas. 3 typescript pages. 

Roster of Soldiers from North Carolina in the American Revolution. 
(The North Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution, xvv, 
709 pages ) 11 copies. Given by the North Carolina Society, Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution. 

Stuart H. Hill Papers. 23 typed pages to be placed in volumes of 
genealogy. 

Memorandum prepared by V. E. Phillips . . . from "History of the 
Bible" in possession of Mr. Charles S. Roberts, Cabool, Texas County, 
Missouri, and formerly the property of Hon. Pleasant B. Roberts, 
member of the North Carolina Legislature from Surry County. 6 
typescript pages. Given by Mr. V. E. Phillips, Kansas City, Missouri. 

History and Genealogy of the Nances by G. Nance. May 1, 1930. 
(Press Printing Co., Albemarle, N. C.) 149 pages. Given by Mrs. 
G. D. B. Reynolds, Albemarle. 

8. Miscellaneous: 

Facsimile of a five-shilling British tax seal with typewritten statement 
attached. Given by Mr. Z. Bennett Phelps, Binghamton, N. Y. 

"Judge William Gaston: Georgetown University's First Student," by 
Richard J. Purcell. The Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. XXVII, 
pp. 839-883 (May, 1939). Given by the author, Washington, D. C. 

Inventory of Federal Archives in the States. Series II. The Federal 
Courts, No. 32, North Carolina. 102 mimeographed pages. Given 
by the Survey of Federal Archives, Work Projects Administration, 
Raleigh. 

North Carolina Tombstone Records, Vol. III. Compiled by Alexander 
Martin Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. Type- 
written bound volume. 255 pages. Given by Mrs. J. S. Welborn, 
Chairman, Alexander Martin Chapter, D. A. R., High Point. 

Historical Paper, No. II, Nununyi, the Kituhwas, or Mountain Indians 
and the State of North Carolina, 40 typescript pages; Historical 
Paper, No. HI, The Calatoochee Aboriginal Trail and its use and 
Development by White People, 30 typescript pages. Given by Mr. 
H. C. Wilburn, National Park Service, Waynesville. 

Charter of The North Carolina Society for the Preservation of 
Antiquities, list of charter members, constitution and by-laws, and 
list of persons present at organization meeting. 2 copies, hand- 
written and typewritten. Given by The North Carolina Society for 
the Preservation of Antiquities through Mrs. C. A. Gosney, Secretary- 
Treasurer, Raleigh. 

Presidential address of Dr. A. R. Newsome before the State Literary 
and Historical Association, December 7, 1939. 15 typescript pages. 
Given by Dr. A. R. Newsome, Chapel Hill. 

Letter from J. Grant to "Bro. Harris," Raleigh, June 18, 1832, regard- 
ing Protestant Methodism. 2 pages. Given by Mr. H. B. RufRn, 
Raleigh. 



N. C. Historical Commission 11 

Historical Annual, National Guard of the State of No7-th Carolina, 

1938. (Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Army and Navy Publishing Com- 
pany. 1938. Pp. 250.) Illustrated. Compiled by the Adjutant 
General's Department, Raleigh. Given by Brigadier General J. Van 
B. Metts, Raleigh. 

Final Report on the Remains of an Old Ship Found on Bodie Island, 
Dare County, North Carolina, May 3, 1939, by Thor Borresen, Junior 
Park Research Technician. 78 typescript pages. Given by the 
National Park Service, Yorktown, Virginia. 

Monuments Erected to Pioneer Who Brought 4-Wheeled Wagons to 
E. T. Newspaper clipping from Knoxville Journal, September 3, 

1939. Given by Mr. E. Spears McCullough, Knoxville, Tennessee. 
Record of Initial Investigation for Archaeological Sites in Certain 

Sections of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. 46 typescript 
pages. 2 copies. The original copy has negatives of pictures. Given 
by Mr. George A. MacPherson, Office of Indian Affairs, Salamanca, 
N. Y. 

Commission issued to Capt. J. A. Jackson, in Stony Creek Company of 
Infantry belonging to the 10th Regiment of Militia, by Charles 
Manly, Governor of North Carolina, February 12, 1850. 1 printed 
page. Given by Mr. Edgar Jackson, 504 North High Street, Franklin. 

An incident of Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge as related by Mr. Gibson 
James, March 14, 1939. 1 typescript page. Given by Mr. Gibson 
James, Maple Hill. 

Roll of Soldiers in Command of Colonel James Walker Fannin, serving 
in the Texas Revolution, 1835-1836. Including those slain in the 
Goliad Massacre, March 27, 1836, at Goliad, Texas. From The South- 
tcestern Quarterly, July, 1939. Author, Mr. Harbert Davenport. 12 
typescript pages. Given by Mr. William D. Kizziah, Salisbury. 

Calendar of manuscripts in the Hayes Collection of Mr. John G. Wood, 
Edenton. 154 typescript pages. Typing done by the Historical 
Records Survey, Raleigh. 

Inventories of State archives of North Carolina, for the following 
agencies: State Planning Board, 11 typescript pages; Library Com- 
mission, 13 typescript pages; Rural Electrification Authority, 17 
typescript pages. Prepared and given by the Historical Records 
Survey, Raleigh. 

Inventories of county archives. 26 volumes. Various states. Mimeo- 
graphed. Prepared and given by the Historical Records Survey in 
various states. 

Inventory of church archives of the North Carolina Baptist Convention, 
Alleghany Association. 24 typescript pages. Given by the Historical 
Records Survey, Raleigh. 

The Nightengale. 1927. Annual. Published by the Seniors of Rex 
Hospital Training School for Nurses, Raleigh, North Carolina. 86 
pages. Given by Miss Lillian Dodd, Raleigh. 

Records of the Proceedings of St. Paul's Church, Edenton, N. C, 1701- 
1841. 310 typescript pages. Typing done by the Historical Records 
Survey, Raleigh. 

Presidential address of Mr. Jonathan Daniels before the State Literary 
and Historical Association, December 1, 1938. 20 typescript pages. 
Given by Mr. Daniels, Raleigh. 

Letter: C. Drake to Joseph Hawkins, Comptroller, August 30, 1823, 
concerning taxables. 1 page. Given by Mr. Harry Davis, State 
Museum, Raleigh. 

North Carolina Place Names Origins. Article compiled and written 
by the Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administra- 
tion and sponsored by the State Department of Conservation and 
Development. 64 typescript pages. Given by the Department of 
Conservation and Development, Raleigh. 

Address "John J. Blair," Springfield Memorial, August 13, 1938, by 
William A. Blair. 4 typescript pages. Given by Mr. Alexander B. 
Andrews, Raleigh. 



12 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

Was Peter Stuart Ney Marshall Ney of France? By LeGette Blythe. 
Address delivered before the State Literary and Historical Associa- 
tion, December 2, 1937. 23 typescript pages. Given by Mr. Blythe, 
Charlotte. 

"History of Lenoir County," from the Industrial Issue of The Free 
Press, Saturday, September 2, 1899. 13 typescript pages. Given by 
Miss Helen B. Chamberlain, State Historican, North Carolina Society, 
Daughters of the American Revolution, Kinston. 

Chapel Hill Commencement in the Year 1888, by Hope S. Chamberlain. 
Paper read before the State Literary and Historical Association, 
December, 1939. 14 typescript pages. Given by Mrs. Chamberlain, 
Chapel Hill. 

9. Pamphlets: 

The North-Carolina Magazine, Political, Historical, and Miscellaneous, 
August-December, 1813. Vol. I, Nos. 1-5. Bound volume. Given by 
Miss Edith Gilbert, Raleigh. 
The following pamphlets were given by Mrs. William Shaw West, 
Raleigh: 

North Carolina — Sir Walter Raleigh. 1920. Letter in pamphlet 
form by Julian S. Carr, President, Sir Walter Raleigh Memorial 
Association. 7 pages. 
War Days in Fayetteville, North Carolina, 18G1-1S65, compiled by 
J. E. B. Stuart Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, 
May, 1910. (Fayetteville, N. C: Judge Printing Company. 1910.) 
60 pages. 
War Cyclopedia. A Handbook for Ready Reference on the Great 
War. Issued by The Committee on Public Information. . . . 
(Washington: Government Printing Office. 1918.) 321 pages. 
Trial and Death of Henry Wirz with Other Matters Pertaining 
Thereto. (Raleigh: E. M. Uzzell & Co., Printers. 1908.) 62 
pages. 
Determination by the Executors of James B. Duke, Deceased of those 
Entitled to Participate in the Distribution to be made under Item 
VI. of the last Will and Testament of Said Decedent and of the 
Amounts they are. Respectively, Entitled to Receive. 137 pages. 
New York Historical Society Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. XXIV, No. 1 
(January, 1940), containing article, "Tryon's Palace," by Fiske 
Kimball and Gertrude S. Carraway. 34 pages. Given by the New 
York Historical Society, New York, N. Y. 
Six Years of Progress and Economy of the Greene County Schools and 
Publication of Audit. Issued by the Board of Education, Greene 
County. (The Rouse Printery, Farmville, N. C. 1930.) 19 pages. 
Given by Mr. H. G. Robertson, Raleigh. 
History of The Rocky River Baptist Church, by E. M. Brooks. 1928. 

104 pages. Given by Mrs. G. D. B. Reynolds, Albemarle. 
Biltmore Forest — the Property of Mr. George W. Vanderbilt. An 
Account of its Treatment, and the Results of the First Year's Work. 
By Gifford Pinchot, Consulting Forester. (Chicago: The Lakeside 
Press. R. R. Donelly & Sons Co. 1893. Pp. 49.) Purchased from 
Mr. H. W. Flansburgh, Seattle, Washington. 
The Proceedings of the Revolutionary Committee of the Town of 
Netcbern, North Carolina, 1775. 4 pages. Reprint. 3 copies. Given 
by Mr. Douglas McMurtrie, Chicago. 
The Battle of Alamance (The First Battle of the American Revolution) . 
By William Edward Fitch, M. D. Published by the Burlington, North 
Carolina, Alamance Battle Ground Commission. 1913. 80 pages. 
Given by the author, Burlington. 
"The Beginning of Public Agricultural Experimentation in America. 
The Trustees' Garden in Georgia." By James W. Holland. Re- 
printed from Agricultural History, Vol. XII, pp. 271-298 (July 1938). 
26 pages. Given by Mr. James W. Holland, Savannah, Georgia. 



N. C. Historical Commission 13 

The following 28 leaflets and pamphlets were given by Judge Heriot 

Clarkson, Raleigh: 

Response to the Toast Our Sister State by Justice Heriot Clarkson, 
at annual banquet of the South Carolina Bar Association, Colum- 
bia, S. C, February 18, 1938. 10 pages. 2 copies. 

Address of Heriot Clarkson, Senior Justice of the Supreme Court of 
North Carolina, . . . 1939, in the Senate Chamber . . . , in 
Raleigh, . . . presenting portraits of Wilson G. Lamb, Past Pres- 
ident, and John C. Daves, President of the N. C. Society of the 
Cincinnati and President General of the Society of the Cincinnati 
of the nation. 3 typescript pages. 

Address of Heriot Clarkson. Justice of the Supreme Court of North 
Carolina, Homecoming Event. On August 8th, 1930, at George- 
town, S. C. 14 pages. 

Program. Dedication of the Community Hall known as "Geneva 
Hall" at Little Switzerland, N. C. Wednesday, August 1, 1928. 4 
pages. 

Program. Unveiling of Monument to Heroes of Kings Mountain 
that went through Gillespie Gap, . . . Gillespie Gap, July 4, 1927. 
14 pages. 

"Esau.'" Address of Heriot Clarkson at Kinston, June 17th, 1923, 
before Baraca-Philathea Association. 8 pages. 

Address by Heriot Clarkson, . . . June 10, 1926. Graduating Class 
Belmont Vocational School. 15 pages. 

Little Switzerland, North Carolina. Nature's Playground. The 
Beauty Spot of the Blue Ridge on the Scenic Highway State Route 
No. 19. . . . Issued July 1, 1931. 11 pages. 

Address of Heriot Clarkson, . . . before the Daughters of the Anieri-, 
can Revolution, Guilford Battle Chapter, February 21, 1931 . . . 
Greensboro, N. C. Also before Society of Cincinnati at . . . 
Raleigh, N. C, February 23, 1931. 18 pages. 

Heroic Incidents in the Life of General Francis Maj-ion, by Heriot 
Clarkson. Part II, The Hornet's Nest. Same author. 29 pages. 

The Liquor Laws of North Carolina. A compendium of the statutes 
and decisions now in force bearing on the manufacture, sale, gift, 
or handling of intoxicating liquors. By Heriot Clarkson. 
(Raleigh: Mutual Publishing Company, Printers. 1909.) 26 
pages. 

The Dissent of Justice Heriot Clarkson that the Pasquotank Act is 
Unconstitutional in Five Particulars and Injunctive Relief the 
Remedy. November 1, 1935. Newman, et al, v. Warkins, et al., 
No. 171. 29 mimeographed pages. 

State of North Carolina, Ex Rel. Corporation Commission, Appt., v. 
Transportation Committee of the North Carolina Commission on 
Interracial Co-operation. North Carolina Supreme Court — Feb. 
12, 1930. 12 mimeographed pages. 

Address of Justice Heriot Clarkson, Unveiling at St. Marks Church, 
Memorial Tablet to Rt. Rev. Joseph Blount Cheshire, Jr., and Rev. 
Edwin Augustus Osborn. Sunday, November 26th, 1933. 5 mimeo- 
graphed pages. 

A Joint Resolution Requesting Congress to Rebate at Least 15% of 
the Tobacco and Cigarette Tax Collected from North Carolina to 
Relieve the Land Tax for Schools of the State. 2 mimeographed 
pages. 

Washington's Birthday, February 22nd, 1935. Additional Historical 
Gems and Ideals. By Heriot Clarkson, ... 8 mimeographed 
pages. 

Questions to be Submitted to Candidates for State Senate and Lower 
House of Representatives. Answers of Francis 0. Clarkson, 
Candidate for State Senate from Mecklenburg County. 6 mimeo- 
graphed pages. 



14 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

Radio Address of Justice Heriot Clarkson . . . , October 11, 1932, 
Celebration of the 111th Birthday of Sir George Williams, the 
Founder of the Y. M. C. A. 3 mimeographed pages. 2 copies. 

Address of Heriot Clarkson, ... at the 71st Founders' Day, Anni- 
versary Exercises of Johnson C. Smith University. April 7, 1938. 
12 mimeographed pages. 

The Speech of Heriot Clarkson. To Establish a Textile School at the 
State College. This contest, made by himself, D. A. Tompkins 
and others, resulted in the establishment of the School. ... 6 
mimeographed pages. 

Radio Address of Heriot Clarkson . . . March 13, 1932. . . . United 
Action for Employment in War against Depression. 5 mimeo- 
graphed pages. 

Address of Justice Heriot Clarkson of the Supreme Court . . . pre- 
senting the portrait of Justice Alfred Moore of the Supreme Court 
of the United States, to the Law School of the University of 
North Carolina, on Saturday, February 10th, 1934, at 11 o'clock 
A. M. 8 mimeographed pages. 

Program. Mass Meetings Prohibition Forces conducted by the Fly- 
ing Squadron at Hugh Morson Auditorium, Thursday and Friday, 
February 11 and 12. . . . Undated. 4 pages. 

Address of Justice Heriot Clarkson, at the Memorial Day Exercises 
of the Johnston Pettigrew Chapter, United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, May 10th, 1933 — Raleigh, N. C. 12 mimeographed pages. 

Statement as to the Foundation of the Church of the Resurrection 
and Geneva Hall at Little Switzerland, N. C. 5 mimeographed 
pages. 

Article for the Rescript of Gamma Eta Gamma (Cambridge, Mass.). 
By Heriot Clarkson, Senior Associate Justice of the Supreme 
Court of North Carolina. February 22, 1937. 5 mimeographed 
pages. 

Address of Heriot Clarkson, Senior Justice of the Supreme Court 
of North Carolina — August 21, 1937 — at the Eighteenth District 
Bar Meeting at the Marion Lake Club. 6 mimeographed pages. 

Mecklenburg Drainage Commission, 1913. By Heriot Clarkson. 24 
pages. 
A Saga of the Carolina Hills. By Hodges Mathes. 10 pages. Given 

by Mr. H. H. Brimley, Raleigh. 
The following pamphlets were given by Mr. Nolan C. Brown, State 

College Library, Raleigh: 

The North Carolina State Exposition will be held in Raleigh, North 
Carolina, -from October 1st to October 28, 1884- Office in the 
Agricultural Department Building, Raleigh, N. C. (Edwards, 
Broughton & Co. 1884.) 11 pages. 

Descriptive Catalogue of Southern and Acclimated Fruit Trees, 
Grape-Vines, Small Fruits, etc.; cultivated and for sale at the 
West Green Ntirse7'ies d Gardens, four miles toest of Greensboro, 
by 8. W. Westbrook d C. P. Mendenhall. . . . (Greensboro: 
Printed at the "Times" Job Office. 1856.) 34 pages. 

Eleventh Annual Fair of the North Carolina Agricultural Society, 
to be held in the City of Raleigh on October 17, 18, 19 & 20, 1871. 
(Raleigh: Nichols & Gorman. 1871.) 40 pages. 

Turner's North Carolina Almanac for the Year of our Lord 1901. . . . 
Published by The Enniss Publishing Co., Raleigh. 70 pages. 

Branson's Agricultural Almanac for the Year of our Lord 1901. . . . 
Carefully Calculated for the Latitude and Longitude of Raleigh, 
by Levi Branson, Publisher, Raleigh, N. C. 48 pages. 

Branson's . . . Almanac . . . 1902. ... 48 pages. 
Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Convention of the North 

Carolina Rural Letter Carriers' Association. Held at Raleigh, North 

Carolina, Monday and Tuesday, July 4 and 5, 1927. (Albemarle, 

N. C : The Press Job Print.) 28 pages. Given by Miss Gertrude 

Gunter, Raleigh. 



N. C. Historical Commission 15 

II. New Collections. 

1. Personal Papers: 

John Riley Ross Papers. Roster of Capt. Tripp's Company [1865]. 

1 large sheet. Loaned by Mrs. Ruby Ross Swindell through Miss 
Elizabeth Mallison, Washington, N. C. 

Shine Family, 1715-1783. Manuscript list of the Shine family births 
and marriages. 2 pages. Given by Mrs. Margaret Shine, Faison. 

Hersilia R. Fort Papers, 1844-1859. 42 letters and papers. Loaned by 
Mrs. Florence C. Batts, Gary. 

John A. Gates Papers. Teacher's First Grade certificate of Thomas L. 
Bass, Sampson County, July 12, 1880. Signed by Edwin W. Kerr, 
Examiner. 1 printed page. Given by Mr. John A. Gates, Fayette- 
ville. 

Western Collection, 1828-1905. Letters, business papers, Civil War 
diaries, pamphlets, etc. 77 pieces. Purchased from Mr. J. E. Parrish, 
Henderson. 

Ruffin-Smith Papers. Letter, April 29, 1861, Ruffln Smith to his niece, 
Sally Smith, of Scotland Neck, N. C. 4 pages; and genealogical 
notes, 1 typescript page. Given by Mr. John Hill Spivey, Portsmouth, 
Virginia, through courtesy of Miss Reba Shields, Raleigh. 

Hiues Collection, 1742-1888. Deeds, receipts, court papers, pamphlets, 
etc. 123 pieces. Given by Mrs. W. T. Hines, Kinston. 

Maben Jones Papers. Our Neglected Graves, letter written by Eliza- 
beth Hawes Ryland, Beulahville, Va., to Editor of The Richmond 
Times-Dispaich. 2 typescript pages; entries from "Journal E," kept 
by William Dibrell Jones, April 1, lS21-Sept. 30, 1822. 3 typescript 
pages; "Peter Francisco," article from William and Mary Quarterly 
Historical Magazine, Vol. Xll, No. 4 (April, 1905). 6 typescript 
pages. Given by Mr. Maben Jones, Columbia, South Carolina. 

Mrs. Robert Lowry McMurran Collection. Newspapers, broadsides, 
etc. Given by Mr. Harry T. Davis, Raleigh. 

George Burgwin Johnston Papers, 1861-1862. Journal of Captain 
Johnston while he was a prisoner of war. 76 pages. Bound volume. 
Given by Miss Katherine H. Hilliard, Oxford. 

Thomas Jefferson Papers. Letter "To the General Assembly of North 
Carolina," declining re-election as President of the United States. 

2 photostat pages. Given by Governor Clyde R. Hoey, Raleigh. 
Duke University Collection. Pamphlets, leaflets, etc., relating to the 

Duke Centennial Celebration. Given by Mr. A. S. Brower, Executive 
Secretary, Duke University Contennial Celebration, Durham. 
J. Granville Leach Papers, 1888. Leaves from the Journal of Colonel 
J. Granville Leach. North Carolina Episode. 5 typescript pages. 
Given by Mr. Julian P. Boyd, Pennsylvania Historical Society, 
Philadelphia. 

2. Superior Court Records: 

Transcript of record in suit of Beaufort County vs. Martin County. 
22 typescript pages with blueprint of line in dispute. Given by 
Mr. Junius D. Grimes, Washington, N. C. 

3. Diaries: 

Diary of Henry Eubank, 1856-1909. Purchased from Mr. Arthur L. 

Eubank, Route 3, Greenville, South Carolina. 
Diary of J. B. Clifton, Louisburg, Surgeon, Provisional Army, C. S. A. 

72 pages. June 30, 1863-July 30, 1864. Typescript. Given by Mr. 

M. S. Clifton, Jr., Raleigh. 

4. Civil War: 

Miscellaneous lists of Confederate soldiers and letters relating to the 
records. 23 pieces. Given by Mrs. T. L. Caudle and Mrs. Mary 
Bennett Little, Wadesboro. 



16 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

5. World War: 

History of the American Legion Auxiliary, Raleigh Unit No. 1. 3 
volumes. 1936-1938. Scrap books, typescript and newspaper clip- 
pings. 

DIVISION OF DOCUMENTS 

I. Classification and Arrangement. 

The individual items such as maps, newspapers, and pamphlets 
listed above under "Accessions" have been classified, arranged, 
and filed during the biennium. Large collections received during 
the biennium have not been worked, however, because of the lack 
of an adequate staff. Here, as in other phases of the work of the 
Commission, the need of additional workers is evident. 

II. Cataloging. 

During the biennium only the individual items listed above have 
been cataloged. Approximately 200 volumes from the Auditor's 
office have been labeled and numbered, but the catalog cards have 
not been made. The same is true for approximately 200 boxes of 
papers from the Treasurer's office. Workers of the Historical 
Records Survey are now classifying and arranging papers from 
the Treasurer's office, the Comptroller's ofl^ce, the Secretary of 
State's office, and the Governor's office, in order that these may be 
cataloged. About 5,000 cards have been made for the land grants, 
but approximately 15,000 more cards are yet to be made. A 
National Youth Administration project and the Historical Re- 
cords Survey project have rechecked some marriage bonds, but 
the bonds from the following counties remain to be rechecked: 
Burke, Caswell, Chowan, Craven, Currituck, Forsyth, Franklin, 
Gates, Haywood, Hyde, Iredell, Lenoir, Lincoln, McDowell, Meck- 
lenburg, Nash, New Hanover, Northampton, Onslow, Perquimans, 
Person, Polk, Randolph, Richmond, Robeson, Rockingham, 
Rutherford, Stokes, Surry, Tyrrell, Wake, Warren, Wilkes, and 
Yadkin. The total number of bonds to be rechecked is approxi- 
mately 115,000. This work should be completed and an index of 
the marriage bonds prepared as soon as possible, for such an 
index will be of value to the public and at the same time will 
eliminate the wear and tear on the bonds themselves. In order 
to catch up with the cataloging, which is far behind, a new em- 
ployee is badly needed. 

III. Repair. 

The Restorer of Manuscripts has prepared 14,864 sheets of 
manuscript for binding. Of these, 7,738 sheets were patched with 



N. C. Historical Commission 17 

paper, 1,228 sheets were covered with crepehne, 314 sheets were 
covered with tissue paper, 170 sheets were backed with heavy 
paper, and 2,649 sheets were sized with gelatine. A total of 2,781 
sheets of records of the General Court, listed below, were ar- 
ranged and prepared for laminating and binding — an unusually- 
tedious and exacting task. Twenty-three pieces of old paper 
money were cleaned and pressed, two old bindings were repaired, 
two large maps were mounted on cloth and bound with ribbon, 
sixty-four volumes were bound in loose-leaf binders, and sixty- 
four volumes and 174 sheets were made ready for the bindery. 
For poisoning silver fish and other insects, 1,324 paper cylinders 
containing arsenate of lead were made. 

Through the generosity of the National Society, Daughters of 
Founders and Patriots of America, through their Preservation 
and Restoration of Records Committee, 2,781 sheets of records of 
the General Court of North Carolina, 1693-1767, were laminated 
by Mr. W. J. Barrow, of Newport News, Va. 

IV. Binding. 

The following volumes have been bound or rebound during the 
biennium : 

Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Johnston County, 

1784-1793. 2 volumes. 
Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Chowan County, 

1791-1798. 2 volumes. 
Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Craven County, 

1772-1784. 2 volumes. 
Inventories of Estates, Halifax County, 1773-1779. 2 volumes. 
Governor's Office: Lists of Taxables, Militia, and Magistrates, 1754- 

1770. 1 volume. 
Deed Book, Halifax County, 1796-1802. 4 volumes. 
Deeds, Deeds of Trust, Bonds, and Bills of Sale, Robeson County, 1821- 

1826. 2 volumes. 
Lists of Taxables, Halifax County, 1784-1834. 2 volumes. 
Book C, Inventories and Sales of Estates, Chatham County, 1800-1830. 

2 volumes. 
Secretary of State's Papers: Inventories, Accounts, Sales of Estates, 

etc., 1771-1784. 1 volume. 
Wills, Craven County, 1810-1839. 2 volumes. 
Secretary of State's Papers, 1778-1782. 1 volume.. 
Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Bertie County, 

1778-1792. 3 volumes. 
Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Craven County, 

1784-1787. 2 volumes. 
Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Chatham County, 

1794-1799. 1 volume. 
Minutes of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Edgecombe County, 

1820-1826. 1 volume. 
Inventories, and Sales and Accounts of Estates, Orange County, 1800- 

1809. 1 volume. 

Through the generosity of the National Society, Daughters of 
Founders and Patriots of America, through their Preservation 



18 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

and Restoration of Records Committee, 18 volumes of the records 
of the General Court of North Carolina, 1693-1767, have been 
rebound. 

Thirty-six volumes of abstracts of marriage bonds, prepared 
by a National Youth Administration project and typed by the 
Genealogical Society of Utah, have been bound during the bien- 
nium. The total number of these volumes of indexes bound to 
date is 54, covering 19 counties, as follows : Alamance, Ashe, 
Bertie, Brunswick, Bute, Cabarrus, Carteret, Cumberland, Dup- 
lin, Edgecombe, Guilford, Halifax, Johnston, New Hanover, 
Orange, Pasquotank, Rowan, Surry, and Wake (to 1825), 

In addition, in the offices of the Historical Commission, no less 
than 64 volumes of records of various types have been bound or 
rebound in loose-leaf binders. 

V. Use of Records : 

During the biennium by far the largest number of visits in the 
Commission's history has been made to the Search Room for the 
purpose of consulting the manuscript records. The number is 
3,918, compared to 3,423 during the preceding biennium and only 
about 500 during the 1924-1926 biennium, a decade and a half 
ago. Of the total, 3,076 visits have been made by North Caro- 
linians, and the remaining 842 by persons from thirty-three 
states of the Union, the District of Columbia, Canada, the Ba- 
hama Islands, and the Panama Canal Zone. 

Of the total number of visits, 917 have been made for purposes 
other than genealogical : in the preparation of newspaper articles 
and radio programs ; in establishing the locations of old churches, 
courthouses, and academies ; in preparing materials for teaching ; 
and especially in the preparation of monographs on various 
topics. Extensive use has been made of the large and constantly 
growing map collection. 

Among the colleges and universities represented by the re- 
searchers have been the following: the University of Chicago, 
Hendrix College, the University of North Carolina, Duke Uni- 
versity, Wake Forest College, Elon College, Meredith College, 
North Carolina State College, Davidson College, Georgetown Uni- 
versity, Ohio State University, Harvard University, Limestone 
College, Greensboro College, Maryville College, the University of 
Buffalo, the University of Texas, Yale University, Agnes Scott 
College, and the University of California at Los Angeles. 

Among the wide range of topics under investigation by these 
researchers have been the following: the history of the Consti- 



N. C. Historical Commission 19 

tution of the United States, the history of Granville County, the 
mercantile activities of the John Gray Blount family, the religious 
press in North Carolina to 1865, the history of the State Capitol, 
the history of Camden County, a biography of William Lee David- 
son, a biography of Zebulon B. Vance, the history of the upper 
Cape Fear Valley, the history of urology in North Carolina, the 
life of William Gaston, the Revolutionary history of Cumberland 
and Hoke counties, the industrial history of North Carolina, 
political conflicts in the state during the Civil War, the life of 
Thomas Burke, the history of Orange County, the history of 
Southern literature, a study of Tryon's Palace, the Federal and 
state courts in North Carolina during Reconstruction, a biography 
of Willie Jones, earlj^ culture in North Carolina, the Democratic 
societies of the post-Revolutionary period, Calvin H. Wiley and 
his educational policies, a biography of John Henry Boner, the 
free Negro in the state before 1861, crimes and punishments in 
colonial North Carolina, the ad-valorem issue in ante-bellum 
North Carolina, early maps of Carolina, the Republican party in 
North Carolina during Reconstruction, the history of Catawba 
County, the history of banking in Tennessee, Tennessee's relation 
to the Union from 1847 to 1861, the Tory war in North Carolina, 
agricultural promotion in the state from 1850 to 1860, the history 
of the Jews in North Carolina, the history of science in the South, 
the history of British East Florida, a biography of James Iredell, 
the history of Wilson County, the development of state flood 
control, the culture of early white settlers in the Great Smoky 
Mountains National Park area, the history of the Tuscarora 
Indians, the Democratic press in North Carolina from 1789 to 
1800, and agricultural developments in ante-bellum North 
Carolina. 

The Historical Commission has followed the policy of making 
its collections available for microfilming, and during the biennium 
use has been made of this privilege in several cases. Most im- 
portant has been the microfilming by Mr. and Mrs. Barnes F. 
Lathrop of large quantities of materials, relating especially to 
the Civil War and Reconstruction periods, for the University of 
Texas. Several hundred photostats have been supplied at cost to 
persons and institutions throughout the nation. 

A total of 375 certified copies from the records of the Com- 
mission, necessary for pension claims and for admission to 
patriotic societies, have been prepared and furnished without 
charge to North Carolinians and others. Of these, 203 were sup- 
plied to North Carolinians, and 172 to persons outside the state. 



20 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

as follows : Alabama, 4 ; Arkansas, 1 ; California, 4 ; Colorado, 1 
Connecticut, 1 ; District of Columbia, 46 ; Georgia, 16 ; Illinois, 6 
Indiana, 1 ; Kansas, 1 ; Kentucky, 3 ; Louisiana, 15 ; Maryland, 3 
Michigan, 3 ; Mississippi, 3 ; New Hampshire, 1 ; New Mexico, 2 
New York, 1; Oklahoma, 2; Pennsylvania, 7; South Carolina, 11 
Tennessee, 12; Texas, 14; Virginia, 3; Wisconsin, 1. Research 
has been done by the staff to establish the eligibility of many Civil 
War and Revolutionary soldiers for gravestones which are sup- 
phed by the United States War Department. 

PUBLICATIONS 

The Historical Commission, during the thirty-seven years of its 
existence, has published and distributed free of charge more than 
twenty-five volumes of lists, calendars, and full-length copies of 
documents and manuscripts, and, since 1924, The North Carolina 
Historical Revietv, a quarterly (on a subscription and exchange 
basis). In these publications an effort has been made to main- 
tain a high standard of scholarship, and they are nationally recog- 
nized as maintaining such a standard. In addition, numerous 
pamphlets and leaflets of a more popular nature have been issued. 

During the 1938-1940 biennium the Commission has continued 
its publication program along the lines already laid down. Two 
volumes of inventories of county records, prepared by the His- 
torical Records Survey, a nation-wide Work Projects Adminis- 
tration project, were published (the first volume of the series had 
been issued during the previous biennium) , completing this phase 
of the Survey in North Carolina which thereby became the first 
state in the Union to finish this task. The title of these volumes 
is as follows : 

TJie Historical Records of North Carolina: The County Records. 
Volume II, Craven-Moore; Volume III, Nash-Yancey. Copy prepared 
by the Historical Records Survey of the "Works Progress Adminis- 
tration. Edited by C. C. Crittenden and Dan Lacy. (Raleigh: 1938, 
1939. Pp. xii, 568; xii, 760.) 

The historical quarterly, containing articles, documents, booK 
reviews, and historical news, has been continued, as follows : 

The North Carolina Historical Review, Volumes XV, Nos. 3-4; XVI, 
Nos. 1-4. XVII, Nos. 1-2. (Raleigh: 1938-1940). 

The regular biennial report has been published as : 

Bulletin No. 39. Seventeenth Biennial Report of the North Carolina 
Historical Commission, July 1, 1936-June 30, 1938 (Raleigh: 1938. 
Pp. 40.) 

Pamphlets and leaflets of a more popular nature have been 
published, as follows : 

Guide to North Carolina Historical Highioay Markers. (Raleigh: The 
North Carolina Historical Commission and the North Carolina De- 



N. C. Historical Commission 21 

partment of Conservation and Development. First edition, 1939. 
Pp. 31. Map.) 

Guide to North Carolina Historical Highway Markers. (Raleigh: The 
North Carolina Historical Commission and the North Carolina De- 
partment of Conservation and Development. Second edition, 1940. 
Pp. 43.) 

Hoic the North Carolina Historical Commission Serves the Public. 
(Raleigh: 1940. Pp. 4.) 

The Hall of Histortj. (Raleigh: 1940. Pp. 4.) 

In press is the following: 

Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, Volume V, edited (as 
were the four preceding volumes in this series) by Adelaide L. 
Fries. 

In preparation are the following : 

A History of the North Carolina Counties, by D. L. Corbitt. 

The Letters and Pavers of the Governors of North Carolina, 1789-1795, 
edited by A. R. Newsome. 

A Guide to the Archives of the North Carolina Historical Commission, 
by D. L. Corbitt. 

A Descriptive Inventory of the Private Manuscript Collections in the 
North Carolina Historical Commission Archives, by the Historical 
Records Survey. 

A Gtiide to Manuscript Depositories in North Carolina, by the Histor- 
ical Records Survey. 

Plans are being made for the publication of several series of 
volumes on a continuing basis for a number of years to come, and 
the aid of the Historical Records Survey is being sought in doing 
the necessary copying. Under consideration are the Vance, Man- 
gum, Graham, and other collections in the Historical Commission 
archives and the Pettigrew and other papers in the Southern 
Collection in the University of North Carolina Library. In addi- 
tion, so many new unprinted official source materials for the 
period of North Carolina history before 1791 have been turned up 
within the past few years that a new edition of the Colonial and 
State Records is being considered, and the aid of the Historical 
Records Survey is also being sought in this connection, 

HISTORICAL MARKERS 

The historical highway marker program, inaugurated in 1935 
and conducted co-operatively by the Highway and Public Works 
Commission, the Department of Conservation and Development, 
and the Historical Commission, has been carried on vigorously 
during the biennium. The necessary research has been conducted 
under the supervision of the secretary by Miss Marybelle Dela- 
mar, of the staff of the Historical Commission, while inscriptions 
have been written by a group of the State's leading historians, 
who under the law are empowered " to designate . . . points of 
historic interest in the order of their importance, and to provide 



22 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

appropriate wording for their proper marking." These historians, 
who for this purpose have met every few weeks with the secre- 
tary of the Historical Commission and who have given many 
hours of their time without any remuneration whatsoever, are as 
follows: A. R. Newsome, H. T. Lefler, and Cecil Johnson of the 
University of North Carolina; D. A, Lockmiller and L. W. Earn- 
hardt of State College ; G. W. Paschal and F. W. Clonts of Wake 
Forest College ; W. A. Mabry, R. H. Woody, and J. C. Robert of 
Duke University ; and F. W. Johnston of Davidson College. 

An effort has been made to mark spots in all parts of the state 
and to lay proportionate stress on the various periods and phases 
of history, rather than to pay undue attention to military events 
or to some other phase of the subject. The list of markers covers 
such a wide variety of topics as iron works, cotton mills, forts, 
military campaigns, colleges and academies, railroads, bridges, 
inns and taverns, courthouse sites, churches and the sites of re- 
ligious events, Indian villages, Indian wars, former capitals of the 
colony and state, old plantations and plantation houses, army 
camps, early libraries, and the birthplaces, homes, and graves of 
men and women who have made contributions to history. 

An illustrated forty-two page booklet, issued jointly by the 
Historical Commission and the Department of Conservation and 
Development and listing all markers approved through March 1, 
1940, was published toward the end of the biennium and may be 
had upon application to either of the departments indicated. 

Each marker has the state seal in a scroll at the top center, 
is double-faced, has black lettering on an aluminum-colored back- 
ground, and is mounted on an iron pipe imbedded in a concrete 
base. Each is placed on a numbered, hard-surfaced highway. In 
case the object marked is not at the same place as the marker, 
the distance and direction are given. The inscriptions have been 
made brief in order to facilitate reading them from passing 
automobiles. 

During the biennium approximately $10,000 (the maximum 
amount available) was expended from the Highway Fund for the 
marker program and the inscriptions for 206 markers (making 
a total of 343 since the beginning of the work) were written and 
sent to the foundry, as follows : 

District A : Bertie, Camden, Currituck, Gates, Hertford, 
Pasquotank, and Perquimans counties: 

VIRGINIA-CAROLINA DIVIDING LINE, Currituck County. 
VIRGINIA-CAROLINA DIVIDING LINE, Knox Island, Currituck 
County. 



N. C. Historical Commission 23 

LAND OWNED BY GEORGE WASHINGTON, Gates County. 

CHOWAN COLLEGE, Hertford Countv. 

MURFREE HOUSE, Hertford County. 

JOHN H. WHEELER (home), Hertford County. 

EDENTON TEA PARTY HOUSE (site), Chowan County. 

District B: Beaufort, Dare, Hyde, Martin, Tyrrell, and 
Washing-ton counties: 

GRANVILLE GRANT, Beaufort County. 

ASA biggs (home), Martin County. 

JAMES JOHNSTON PETTIGREW (grave), Washington County. 

AUGUSTINE DALY (birtliplace), Washington County. 

DR. SUSAN DIMOCK (birthplace) Beaufort County. 

FEDERAL ATTACK ON WASHINGTON, Beaufort County. 

BURNING OF WASHINGTON, 1864, Beaufort County. 

FORT HILL (site), Beaufort County. 

FORT BRANCH, Martin County. 

BRITISH INVASION, 1813, Hyde County. 

District C: Carteret, Craven, Jones, Onslow, and Pamlico 
counties : 

SALT WORKS, Carteret County. 

GEORGE E. BADGER (birthplace). Craven County. 

SHINE HOME, Jones Countv. 

WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Jones County. 

WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Craven County. 

WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Onslow County. 

WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Craven County. 

District D: Brunswick, Columbus, New Hanover, and 
Pender counties: 

WHISTLER'S MOTHER (birthplace). New Hanover County. 

ALEXANDER LILLINGTON (grave), Pender County. 

FORT JOHNSTON, Brunswick County. 

FORT FISHER, New Hanover County. 

HINTON JAMES (grave), Pender County. 

ARTHUR DOBBS (grave), Brunswick County. 

SAINT PHILIPS CHURCH, Brunswick County. 

SPANISH ATTACK, Brunswick County. 

EDWARD B. DUDLEY (home). New Hanover County. 

S. S. SATCHWELL (site of home), Pender County. 

WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, New Hanover County. 

WILMINGTON AND WELDON RAILROAD (terminus). New Hanover 

Countv. 
CORNWALLIS (route), Columbus County. 
EARLY DRAWBRIDGE (site). New Hanover County. 
STATE SALT WORKS (site). New Hanover County. 
ROBERT HOWE (site of home), Brunswick County. 
ALFRED MOORE (site of home), Brunswick County. 
JAMES MOORE (site of home), Pender County. 

District E : Edgecombe, Franklin, Halifax, Nash, North- 
ampton, and Warren counties : 

RAM ALBEMARLE (place where built), Halifax County. 
CORNWALLIS (route), Halifax County. 
CORNWALLIS (route), Northampton County. 
HORACE GREELEY (where married), Warren County. 
CORNWALLIS (route), Nash County. 
JOHN BRANCH (grave), Halifax County. 



24 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

JETHRO SUMNER (site of inn), Warren County. 

TOWN COMMON, Edgecombe County. 

BUTE COUNTY COURTHOUSE (site), Warren County. 

ELIAS CARR (home), Edgecombe County. 

SHOCCO SPRINGS, Warren County. 

RALEIGH AND GASTON RAILROAD (terminus), Halifax County. 

WILMINGTON AND WELDON RAILROAD (terminus), Halifax 

County. 
WASPIINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Halifax County. 
WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Edgecombe County. 
LOUISBURG COLLEGE, Franklin County. 
GREEN HILL PLACE, Franklin County. 
LITTLETON COLLEGE, Warren County. 

DISTRICT F : Duplin, Greene, Lenoir, Pitt, Wayne, and Wilson 
counties : 

BRYAN GRIMES (plantation), Pitt County. 

HUGH McADEN (site of home), Duplin County. 

BATTLE OF ROCKFISH (site), Duplin County. 

BATTLE OF KINSTON (site), Lenoir County. 

WAYNESBOROUGH (site), Wayne County. 

WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Pitt County. 

SHERMAN'S MARCH, Wayne County. 

NORTH CAROLINA RAILROAD (eastern terminus), Wayne County. 

TOWER HILL, Lenoir County. 

WILLIAM HOUSTON (site of home), Duplin County. 

DISTRICT G : Alamance, Caswell, Durham, Granville, Orange, 
Person, and Vance counties : 

FRANCIS NASH (site of home), Orange County. 

THOMAS RUFFIN (grave). Orange County. 

ROMULUS M. SAUNDERS (home), Caswell County. 

FIRST PUBLIC MEETING TO PROMOTE RAILROADS (site of 

house), Alamance County. 
NATHANAEL GREENE (route). Person County. 
CORNWALLIS (route), Person County. 
THOMAS BURKE (where captured). Orange County. 
THOMAS PERSON (site of home), Granville County. 
BARTLETT YANCEY (home), Caswell County. 
EDMUND FANNING (site of home), Orange County. 
WILLIAMSBOROUGH, Vance County. 
LINDLEY'S MILL, Alamance County. 
PYLE'S DEFEAT (site), Alamance County. 
REGULATORS HANGED (spot), Orange County. 
BATTLE OF ALAMANCE (site), Alamance County. 
RED HOUSE CHURCH, Caswell County. 
THOMAS H. BENTON (birthplace). Orange County. 
HORNER'S MILITARY SCHOOL, Granville County. 
WILLIE P. MANGUM (home site, grave), Durham County. 

DISTRICT H: Chatham, Harnett, Johnston, Lee, and Wake 
counties : 

TORY RAID, Chatham County. 

CHARLES MANLY (site of law office), Chatham County. 
JAMES I. WADDELL (home), Chatham County. 
RAMSEY'S MILL, Chatham County. 
CHARLES D. McIVER (home), Lee County. 
WALTER HINES PAGE (birthplace). Wake County. 
GEORGE E. BADGER (grave), Wake County. 
EXPERIMENTAL RAILROAD, Wake County. 



N. C. Historical Commission 25 

RALEIGH AND GASTON RAILROAD, Wake County. 

WILCOX IRON WORKS, Chatham County. 

STATE COLLEGE, Wake County. 

CAMP BRYAN GRIMES (site), Wake County. 

LEONIDAS L. POLK (home), Wake County. 

SHERMAN'S MARCH, Harnett County. 

FALL OF RALEIGH, Wake County. 

OLD BREASTWORKS, Wake County. 

GENERAL GRANT IN RALEIGH, Wake County. 

DISTRICT I: Bladen, Cumberland, Hoke, Robeson, Sampson, 
and Scotland counties: 

ROBERT ROWAN (grave), Cumberland County. 
CORNWALLIS (route), Cumberland County. 
CROSS CREEK, Cumberland County. 
BATTLE OF ELIZABETHTOWN, Bladen County. 
LAFAYETTE (tour), Cumberland County. 
MacPHERSON CHURCH, Cumberland County. 
OLD TOWN HALL, Cumberland County. 
SHERMAN'S MARCH, Scotland County. 
SHERMAN'S MARCH, Laurel Hill, Scotland County. 
FORT BRAGG, Cumberland County. 
SHERMAN'S MARCH, Cumberland County. 
SHERMAN'S MARCH, Laurinburg, Scotland County. 
ANGUS W. McLEAN (birthplace), Robeson County. 

DISTRICT J: Forsyth, Guilford, Rockingham, and Stokes 
counties : 

WOMAN'S COLLEGE, Guilford County. 

GREENSBORO COLLEGE. Guilford County. 

BENJAMIN FORSYTH (site of home), Stokes County. 

DAVID S. REID (home), Rockingham County. 

STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS (where married), Rockingham County. 

ALEXANDER MARTIN (site of home), Rockingham County. 

TROUBLESOME IRON WORKS, Rockingham County. 

WASHINGTON'S SOUTHERN TOUR, Forsyth County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Stokes County. 

BEARD'S HAT SHOP, Guilford County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Forsyth County. 

DISTRICT K: Anson, Davidson, Montgomery, Moore, Ran- 
dolph, and Richmond counties : 

JOHN J. McRAE (birthplace), Anson County. 
SNEEDSBOROUGH, Anson County. 
BENJAMIN WILLIAMS (grave), Moore County. 
ALSTON HOUSE, Moore County. 
COX'S MILL (site), Randolph County. 
LEONIDAS L. POLK (birthplace), Anson County. 
SHERMAN'S MARCH, Rockingham, Richmond County. 
SHERMAN'S MARCH, N. C.-S. C. boundary, Richmond County. 
SHERMAN'S MARCH, Anson County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Davidson County. 

District L: Cabarrus, Mecklenburg, Rowan, Stanly, and 
Union counties: 

CHRISTIAN REID (grave), Rowan County. 

JOHN STEELE (home). Rowan County. 

CORNWALLIS (route). Union County. 

RURAL FREE DELIVERY (first route), Rowan County. 



26 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

BATTLE OP CHARLOTTE, Mecklenburg County. 

NATHANAEL GREENE, Mecklenburg County. 

SAM'L McCORKLE (site of academy), Rowan County. 

GRIFFITH RUTHERFORD (site of home), Rowan County. 

BATTLE OF COWAN'S FORD, Mecklenburg County. 

WM. LEE DAVIDSON (at Cowan's Ford), Mecklenburg County. 

TRADING FORD, Rowan County. 

CAMP GREENE, Mecklenburg County. 

KNOX HOME, Rowan County. 

LEE S. OVERMAN (home). Rowan County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Grant's Creek, Rowan County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Salisbury, Rowan County. 

CAMP POLK, Wake County. 

DISTRICT M: Alexander, Alleghanj^ Ashe, Davie, Iredell, 
Surry, Wilkes, and Yadkin counties : 

THOS. L. CLINGMAN (birthplace), Yadkin County. 
TORRENCE'S TAVERN (site), Iredell County. 
JESSE FRANKLIN (home), Surry County. 
SIAMESE TWINS (grave), Surry County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Mount Airy, Surry County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Dobson, Surry County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Wilkes County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Iredell County. 
RICHMOND PEARSON (home), Yadkin County. 

District N: Avery, Burke, Caldwell, McDowell, Mitchell, 
Watauga, and Yancey counties : 

CRANBERRY MINES, Avery County. 

SINK HOLE MINE, Mitchell County. 

TOD R. CALDWELL (site of home), Burke County. 

VALLE CRUCIS EPISCOPAL MISSION, Watauga County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Watauga County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Caldwell County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Boone, Watauga County. 

STONEMAN'S RAID, Burke County. 

District : Catawba, Cleveland, Gaston, Lincoln, Polk, and 
Rutherford counties : 

KINGS MOUNTAIN BATTLEGROUND, Cleveland County. 
CORNWALLIS (route), Cleveland County. 
SCHENCK-WARLICK MILL (site), Lincoln County. 
STEPHEN D. RAMSEUR (grave), Lincoln County. 
IRON WORKS, Lincoln County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Rutherford County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Polk County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Catawba County. 
PATRICK FERGUSON (site of camp), Cleveland County. 

District P: Buncombe, Haywood, Henderson, Madison, and 
Transylvania counties : 

QUALLA BOUNDARY, Haywood County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Henderson County. 
STONEMAN'S RAID, Buncombe County. 
MARTIN'S SURRENDER, Haywood County. 



N. C. Historical Commission 27 

District Q: Cherokee, Clay, Graham, Jackson, Macon, and 
Swain counties: 

CHEROKEE DEFEAT, Macon County. 

CHEROKEE VICTORY, Macon County. 

CHEROKEE DEFEAT, Jackson County. 

CHEROKEE DEFEAT, Macon County. 

NIKWASI, Macon County. 

CHEROKEE WAR, Cherokee County. 

FORT BUTLER, Cherokee County. 

YONAGUSKA, Swain County. 

CHEROKEE INDIAN RESERVATION, Jackson County. 

CHEROKEE INDIAN RESERVATION, Swain County. 

FORT HEMBREE Clay County. 

De SOTO (route), Macon County. 

De SOTO (route). Highlands, Macon County. 

De SOTO (route), Franklin. Macon County. 

De SOTO (route), Clay County. 

De SOTO (route), Hayesville, Clay County. 

De SOTO (route), Cherokee County. 

De SOTO (route). Murphy, Cherokee County. 

De SOTO (route), Cherokee County. 

STIMULATION OF HISTORICAL INTEREST AND 
INVESTIGATION 

Within the past few decades the people of North CaroHna and 
of the nation at large have displayed a notably increased interest 
in the history of this state, and for this increased interest it 
seems that the Historical Commission may rightfully claim much 
of the credit. It was the pioneer organization in the state to build 
up a large and comprehensive collection of manuscript materials, 
and as the official repository of state and county archives it is the 
only organization which possesses these latter materials in any 
considerable quantities. By the distribution of its published 
volumes and pamphlets, through its quarterly journal. The North 
Carolina Historical Review, through public addresses and radio 
talks by the secretary and other members of the staff, and 
through information released from time to time, the Commission 
has continually sought to stimulate public interest in the state's 
history. The secretary has represented the Commission at meet- 
ings of the American Historical Association, the Southern His- 
torical Association, and the Society of American Archivists. Mr. 
D. L. Corbitt has attended the sessions of the latter organization 
and Miss Mattie Erma Edwards was present at the 1940 meeting 
of the Association of American Museums. The secretary in 1938- 
39 was chairman of the committee on the publication of archival 
material of the Society of American Archivists, in 1938-1940 he 
was chairman of the Conference of Historical Societies, and in 
1940 he was appointed a member of the National Advisory Board 



28 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

of the WPA Historical Records Survey. He has served on boards 
and committees of various additional WPA projects and of other 
organizations. The Commission has made a point of co-operating 
with numerous patriotic and historical groups within the state, 
and the historical marker program has done much to arouse 
popular interest. Advice and aid have been given to a large 
number of researchers and historical writers. The Commission 
has constantly striven to make itself the focal point and the 
clearing house for historical interests and activities in North 
Carolina, During the biennium more than 5,000 letters have been 
written in the conduct of the general business of the Commission, 
and many of these letters have contained information on the 
history of the state. 

HALL OF HISTORY 

During the biennium definite progress has been made in the 
development of a first-class historical museum. Since the occu- 
pation of new quarters in January, 1939, new display cases, a 
printing press, storage equipment, and other needed facilities 
have been obtained, old display cases have been renovated, and 
exhibits have been reorganized along chronological and topical 
lines. An effort has been made to add to the attractiveness of the 
exhibits by avoiding the crowding of cases and walls and by using 
printed labels, colored case linings, display stands, and other ap- 
proved features of exhibition technique. 

The completion of the Fred A. Olds Memorial has been note- 
worthy. In order to create a living memorial to the founder of 
the museum, one which would be of constant and lasting interest, 
the Commission has set up in specially designed cases, illuminated 
by fluorescent lighting, an exhibit of models, figurines, and docu- 
mentary material illustrating the various modes of travel and 
transportation in North Carolina from the Indian canoe to the 
airplane. 

Valuable aid has been received from the Work Projects Ad- 
ministration and the National Youth Administration. Workers 
furnished by these agencies have played an important part in 
cleaning and caring for objects in the museum, in installing 
exhibits, and in performing other tasks which the Collector, who 
has no assistant on the Commission's regular staff, would other- 
wise have been unable to do. 

The museum has continued to co-operate with other pubHc 
agencies, such as the Fort Raleigh Museum, the Fayetteville His- 
torical Celebration, the Raleigh Centennial Committee, and the 



N. C. Historical Commission 29 

Committee on the North Carolina exhibit at the New York World 
Fair. There has also been close co-operation with the State 
Museum and with the Advertising Bureau of the State Depart- 
ment of Conservation and Development. Aid has been given to 
many authors and publishers in obtaining illustrations for various 
publications, and numerous persons have been assisted in re- 
search activities. 

From its beginning the Hall of History has looked on aid to the 
public schools as one of its major objectives. During the past 
biennium thousands of school children have visited the museum 
singly or in groups, and information on historical matters has 
been furnished to teachers, students, and classes. Efforts are 
now being made toward increased co-operation with the schools 
by arranging exhibits and gallery talks in correlation with class 
work. 

Estimates based on registration of visitors indicate that at 
least 40,000 persons have visited the Hall of History during the 
biennium, including tourists from nearly all the states of the 
Union and from several foreign countries. 

Although it is believed that the work of the museum has been 
broadened and made more effective, there is yet much to be done. 
The program for the next few years should include the following 
objectives: 

(1) The improvement of exhibits. The Hall of History should 
follow the practice of all leading museums in rotating exhibits 
and thereby increasing attendance, emphasizing the importance 
of various displays, and making possible the effective presenta- 
tion of material. Special exhibits appropriate for anniversaries, 
celebrations, and other similar occasions should be arranged. In- 
creased use should be made of dioramas, relief maps, charts, and 
other visual aids. 

(2) The publication and distribution of historical leaflets. 
Exhibits should be supplemented with leaflets giving additional 
information on the displays. These should be made available to 
visitors and also should be distributed through the mail. 

(3) Closer co-operation with the schools. In addition to its 
regular displays, the museum should provide printed material, 
gallery talks, and loan exhibits to supplement the work done in 
schools. This is a recognized function of museums. 

(4) Opening the Hall of History at hours when the public is 
at leisure. At the present time thousands of clerks in stores, 
office workers, and others are unable to visit the museum because 
it is open only during their working hours. Provision should be 



30 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

made to keep it open in the evenings and on Saturday and Sunday- 
afternoons. 

(5) The organization of a state museums association. Here- 
tofore North Carolina has not been able to boast of its achieve- 
ments in the field of museum development, and at present in this 
field the state is ranked by the American Museums Association 
as forty-second among the forty-eight states of the Union. The 
Hall of History should promote the development of good museums 
throughout the state and should assume the leadership in the 
creation of an organization for this purpose. 

During the past biennium many valuable gifts and loans have 
been received. Outstanding is a collection of several hundred 
items of wearing apparel, table silver, china, and other articles 
illustrating life in the late nineteenth century, loaned by Mr. 
Southgate Jones of Durham. Another important accession is a 
full-size model of the Raleigh, one of the first railroad locomo- 
tives used in the state, a gift from the Seaboard Air Line Rail- 
way. Ceremonies in which Governor Hoey, other state officials, 
and railway officers participated, marked the presentation of the 
Raleigh. Mr. John A. Park of Raleigh for several years has con- 
cerned himself with the development of a collection of air-mail 
cachets for the museum, and during the biennium has made 
valuable additions to this collection. 

A complete list of accessions during the biennium, which testi- 
fies to the public's widespread interest in the Hall of History, is 
as follows : 

Clothing : 

1. Infant dress worn in 1859 or 1860. Given by Miss Louise Waters, New 
Bern. 

2. Piece of jeans woven by Flora Hollifield of Little Switzerland. Given 
by Mrs. S. T. Henry, Spruce Pine. 

3. Hand-embroidered baby vest made in 1865. Given by Mrs. David Jones, 
Fayetteville. 

4. Confederate uniform (coat and epaulettes) of Dennis D. Ferebee. 
Given by Mrs. Robert Lowry McMurran, Portsmouth, Virginia. 

5. Collection of clothes worn in the 19th century. Loaned by Mr. South- 
gate Jones, Durham. 

6. Christening robe and cap of Edward Sanders of Johnston County; 
worn about 1850. Given by Mrs. Lou Sanders Williams and Miss Julia 
Sanders, Dunn. 

Coins : 

1. Canadian penny, 1909; Greek coin, 1925; and Dutch coin, 1929. Given 
by Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Raleigh. 

2. Elizabethan sixpence, 1573. Given by Mr. Stanly Wohl, Raleigh. 

3. Collection of coins. Loaned by Mr. Southgate Jones, Durham. 

Currency : 

1. Fifty-dollar note. Continental currency, Philadelphia, September 26, 
1778. Given by Mr. Lacy Burch, Chapel Hill. 



N. C. Historical Commission 31 

2. State of North Carolina Civil War note, five cents. Given by Mr. 
Frank Howard, Raleigh. 

3. Fifty-dollar note, Warren County script, Warrenton, December 1, 1864. 
Purchased from Mr. Adams B. White, Raleigh. 

4. Seven pieces of Confederate currency. Given by Dr. Harold L. Faggart, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Flags : 

1. Silk Confederate flag made by ladies of Shreveport, Mississippi. Loaned 
by Mr. Gavin Dortch, Raleigh. 

2 Confederate flag. Given by Mr. Baxter Durham, Raleigh. 
3. Confederate flag used by L. O'B. Branch Drum Corps, Raleigh. Given 
by Miss Mary Birdsong, Raleigh. 

Household Furnishings: 

1 Old v^^afer iron. Given by Mr. Marvin J. Pearce, Raleigh. 

2. Bread tray, iron cooking pot, and iron griddle. Given by Mrs. R. A. 
Ricks, Raleigh. ■ ^ .-^ 

3. Collection of handwork, lace, and other articles used m the nineteenth 
century. Loaned by Mr. Southgate Jones, Durham. 

4. Collection of silver, china, and glassware used in the nineteenth cen- 
tury. Loaned bv Mr. Southgate Jones, Durham. 

5. China plate used at the time of the Revolution. Bequeathed by Miss 
Margaret Erwin McDowell, Burke County. 

6. Four squares of patchwork quilt made about 1850. Loaned by Mr. 
Southgate Jones, Durham. 

Manuscripts and Reproductions of Manuscripts: 

1 Photostat of charter of Hiram Lodge No. 40, A. F. and A. M , Raleigh. 
Given by Hiram Lodge No. 40, A. F. and A. M., Raleigh, through Mr. 

R. R. Pool. ,^ 1 ,^ ^ • 

2 Photostats of the commissions of Maj. Robert S. Young and Captain 
John Phifer Young. Given by Mr. Burton H. Smith, Charlotte. 

3 Letter from Stith H. Bishop to his wife, written from Wilmington, 
Sept. 15, 1839. Given by Mrs. J. F. Parker, Wake Forest. 

4. Charter of Raleigh Post, American Legion Auxiliary, and two cita- 
tions. Given by Miss Mattie Higgs, Raleigh. 

5 Tvpewritten copy of a citation issued by Gen. C. J. Bailey, commanding 
the 81st Division just after the last action of the World War, citing 
Brig. Gen. George W. Mclver, 161st Brigade. Given by Brig. Gen. 
George W. Mclver, Washington, D. C. . 

6. Commission signed by Governor Daniel L. Russell designating Thomas 
K. Bruner North Carolina delegate to the Paris Exposition m 1900. 
Given by Mr. W. H. Adams, Raleigh. 

Maps : 

1 Photostats of two maps of North Carolina made by John White in 
1585 and of Boazio's map, 1589, showing route followed by Sir Francis 
Drake when he carried the first Roanoke colony back to England. 
Purchased from Carolina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 

2 Framed manuscript map of Raleigh, showing public lands and privately 
owned plots in 1814 and 1819; made by Walter Gwynn in 1867. Trans- 
ferred from office of State Superintendent of Public Buildings, Raleigh. 

3 Twenty-five maps made in connection with land dispute cases m 
Chowan and adjoining counties. Loaned by Chowan County through 
Mr. Richard Dillard Dixon, Edenton. 

Miscellaneous : 

1 Part of an original rail of the old Raleigh and Gaston Railroad— a 
wooden stringer, a strap iron, and a spike. Given by Mr. J. H. A^ildes, 
Franklinton, through Mr. E. J. Cheatham, Franklmton. 



32 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

2. Old Raleigh and Gaston Railroad ticket from Porestville to Henderson 
and ticket from Paint Rock to Salisbury, issued by Richmond and 
Danville Railroad on account of Western North Carolina Railroad. 
Given by Mr. A. B. Wester, Raleigh. 

3. Gold watch formerly ovi^ned by General Junius Daniel, C. S. A. Given 
by Mrs. Ellie Cooper, Henderson. 

4. Redwood plaque with carved portrait of Col. Fred A. Olds. Purchased 
from Mr. Jacques Dement, Raleigh. 

5. Eight drafts for weaving. Given by Miss Florence Dixon, Guilford 
College. 

6. Three copies of The Wildcat (published in France by 81st Division), 
May 12, 1919; May 17, 1919; May 29, 1919. Loaned by Mr. William L. 
Johnson, Raleigh. 

7. Old wooden brace and matching bit, reamer, and screw driver. Given 
by Mr. B. K. Jones, Raleigh. 

8. Plaster cast of Queen Elizabeth's seal. Loaned by Mr. A. B. Andrews, 
Raleigh. 

9. Medallion in honor of the Fayetteville Historical Celebration, 1939, 
celebrating the 200th anniversary of the coming of the Scots to the 
Cape Fear Valley and the 150th anniversary of the ratification of the 
Federal Constitution by North Carolina. Purchased from Fayetteville 
Historical Celebration, Inc., Fayetteville. 

10. Guttapercha inkwell carried through Civil War by H. Houston Wood, 
from Jackson County. Loaned by Mr. John D. Wood, Raleigh. 

11. Two Indian hammer stones and a paint cup. Given by Capt. and Mrs. 
John W. Crinkley, Eagle Springs. 

12. Six handmade pins taken from colonial currency and a strand of silk 
made in North Carolina. Given by Mr. Southgate Jones, Durham. 

13. Pair of spectacles used over 100 years ago. Given by Mrs. William 
Shaw West, Raleigh. 

Models: 

1. Model of Wright biplane, first heavier-than-air machine flown by motor. 
Purchased from Mr. James R. Huntley, Monroe. 

2. Model of covered wagon of type manufactured by Nissen Wagon Co., 
Winston-Salem, about the middle and the latter part of the nineteenth 
century. Purchased from Mr. James R. Huntley, Monroe. 

3. Model of Hattie Butner, stagecoach in Wachovia Historical Society 
Museum, Winston-Salem. Purchased from Mr. James R. Huntley, 
Monroe. 

4. Full-size wooden model of one of the first locomotives used on the 
Raleigh and Gaston Railroad. Given by the Seaboard Air Line Railway 
Company through Mr. W. D. Faucette, Chief Engineer, Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia. 

5. Scale model of Model T Ford, 1913, one-eighth actual size. Given by 
Mr. Henry Ford, Dearborn, Michigan. 

6. Model of colonial schooner Sultana; models of two canoes. Purchased 
from Mr. James R. Huntley, Monroe. 

7. Model of Napoleonic coach, winner of second prize in Fisher Body 
Company competition, 1937. Loaned by Mr. James R. Huntley, Monroe. 

Music : 

1. Governor Manly's Quick Step, composed by Samuel Owen. Purchased 
from Miss M. Helen Kereiran, Towanda, Pennsylvania. 

2. Photostat of two sixteenth-century English folk songs, from originals 
in the Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. Purchased from Caro- 
lina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 

3. Photostat of song Forever, Forever to the Good Old North State — 
words by Captain John Cameron of Hillsboro; adapted to Scotch air 
Hail to the Chief and arranged for the pianoforte by H. J. J. Solomans. 
Purchased from Carolina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 



N. C. Historical Commission 33 

Photostats of Title Pages and Text of Books: 

1. Photostat of title pages of Hakluyt's Divers Voyages Touching the Dis- 
coverie of America. London, 1582. Purchased from the University of 
Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 

2. Photostat of page 310 of Hakluyt's Voyages — a list of those who stayed 
on Roanoke Island, 1586-1587, under Ralph Lane. Purchased from 
Carolina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 

Pictures: 

1. Eleven photographs of articles in the Museum of Domestic Life at 
Springfield Church near High Point. Purchased from Dunbar and 
Daniel, Raleigh. 

2. Three photostats of engravings from DeBry's edition of Harlot's 
Virginia, owned by Mr. Joseph B. Cheshire, Raleigh. Purchased from 
Carolina Blue Printers. 

3. Photographs of engravings: Philip II of Spain (from painting by 
Antonio More) and The Defeat of the Spajiish Armada: The Engage- 
ment of the Fleets heticeen Doever and Calis, by A. Ryther. Purchased 
from Mr. Albert Barden, Raleigh. 

4. Two photographs of scenes at Fort Raleigh, Roanoke Island. Given 
by Department of Conservation and Development, Raleigh. 

5. Three snapshots of old carriages at Hayes, Edenton. Given by Mr. 
John G. Wood, Edenton. 

6. Photograph of model of the locomotive Tornado at Purdue University; 
photograph of model of the Raleigh by the side of a modern locomotive 
of the Seaboard Air Line Railway. Given by Seaboard Air Line Rail- 
way Company, through Mr. W. D. Faucette, Norfolk, Virginia. 

7. Photographs of St. John in the Wilderness, Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Hendersonville, showing graves of Christopher Gustavus 
Memminger and wife, and tombstone of Rev. John Grimke Drayton. 
Given by Mrs. Sadie S. Patton, Hendersonville. 

8. Photograph of carriage in which Lafayette is said to have come from 
Somerton, Virginia, to Murfreesboro, and photograph negative of two- 
wheeled cart. Given by Mr. H. H. Brimley, Raleigh. 

9. Four snapshots of scenes at Pittsboro: Ramsey's Tavern; the colonial 
kitchen from which meals were served to Cornwallis while he was at 
the Scurlock house; the chimney of Ramsey's Tavern; and the colonial 
house from which American snipers harrassed the British. Given by 
Mr. Frank Smethurst, Raleigh. 

10. Five photographs of the Dortch Building, Raleigh, before it was razed 
to make way for the new Justice Building. Given by The JS;ews and 
Observer through Mr. Charles Parker, Raleigh. 

11. Twelve photographs showing model of Elizabethan galley in Science 
Museum, London, and nine photographs of ship drafts from Fragments 
of Ancient English Ship^vrightry, manuscript in the Pepysian Library. 
Purchased from the Science Museum, London, England. 

12. Photograph of miniature of John Gray Blount. Given by Mr. Frederick 
T. Widwer, Boston, Massachusetts. 

13. Photograph of etching of Richard, Lord Edgecombe, from painting by 
Sir J. Reynolds; etching owned by Mr. A. B. Andrews, Raleigh. Pur- 
chased from Mr. Albert Barden, Raleigh. 

14. Three photographs of boats used in North Carolina. Given by the 
United States National Museum, Washington, D. C, through Mr. Frank 
A. Taylor, Washington. 

15. Ten photographs of the North Carolina sharpie Chase. Given by the 
United States National Museum, Washington, D. C, through Mr. Frank 
A. Taylor, Washington. 

16. Three photographs of colonial boats. Given by The Mariners' Museum, 
Newport News, Virginia. 

17. Three snapshots of the model of the locomotive Tornado at Purdue 
University. Given by Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana. 

18. Engraving of James K. Polk by H. B. Hall from a painting after 
Healy. Purchased from Mr. H. H. Diers, Washington, D. C. 



34 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

19. Photograph of monument at the supposed birthplace of Andrew 
Jackson. Given by Mr. Albert Barden, Raleigh. 

20. Photograph of house in which Andrew Johnson was born, Raleigh. 
Given by Department of Conservation and Development, Raleigh. 

21. Pour photographs: Lewis Addison Armistead; monument at Gettys- 
burg where Armistead fell; vault in St. Paul's cemetery in Baltimore, 
where Armistead is buried; and bronze tablet on this vault. Given 
by Dr. Frederick Tilberg, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. 

22. Two engravings of Thomas Hart Benton. Purchased from Mr. H. H. 
Diers, Washington, D. C. 

23. Photograph of engravings of the United States Arsenal at Fayetteville, 
from Harper's Magazine, 1865. Given by Miss Jeannette Biggs, Oxford. 

24. Photograph of Col. Dennis D. Ferebee, Confederate States Army. 
Given by Mrs. Robert Lowry McMurran, Portsmouth, Virginia. 

25. Eight photostats of drawings made by the Raleigh Art Center illus- 
trating sixteenth century English armor and photographs of sixteenth 
century English armor in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York 
City. Purchased from Carolina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 

26. Three engravings: Battle of King's Mountain; Battle of Eutaw 
Springs; Battle of Cowpens. Purchased from Mr. H. H. Diers, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

27. Photograph of plaque for Olds Memorial Exhibit in the Hall of History. 
Given by Mr. Kenneth Mear, Raleigh. 

28. Currier and Ives print representing Johnston's surrender to Sherman, 
near the present city of Durham, April 26, 1865. Loaned by Dr. and 
Mrs. Raymond S. Crispell, Durham. 

29. Photograph of hearse used at Washington, 1856-1858. Given by State 
Museum, Raleigh. 

30. Colored lithograph of Gen. Robert E. Lee and staff. Given by Mr. 
John W. Crawford, Raleigh. 

31. Lithograph (1876) showing the Bennett House, near the present city of 
Durham, where Johnston surrendered to Sherman, April 26, 1865. 
Loaned by Mrs. H. S. Gill, Raleigh. 

32. Photograph of engraving of Sir Walter Raleigh's home, Hayes Barton. 
Loaned by the Roanoke Island Historical Association, Manteo, through 
Mrs. Caroline Stringfield, Manteo. 

33. Photostat of engraving of John, Lord Carteret and Earl of Granville, 
published 1757 by T. Major; original owned by Mr. A. B. Andrews, 
Raleigh. Given by Mr. A. B. Andrews, Raleigh. 

34. Photostats of engravings of Edmund Fanning, Sir Walter Raleigh, 
and the Earl of Bath; originals owned by Mr. A. B. Andrews, Raleigh. 
Given by Mr. A. B. Andrews, Raleigh. 

35. Photograph of Company B, 321st Infantry, 81st Division. Made in 
Souligre, France, in June, 1918. Given by Mr. William L. Johnson, 
Raleigh. 

36. Collection of photographs of prominent North Carolinians. Given by 
Miss Pauline Hill, Raleigh. 

37. Three photographs of the Confederate armored gunboat Neuse. sunk 
at Kinston in 1865. Given by the Department of Conservation and 
Development, Raleigh. 

38. Photographs of the North Carolina State Exposition, Raleigh, October, 
1884. Loaned by Mr. Jesse Primrose, Raleigh. 

39. Engraving of Tryon's palace at New Bern. Given by Mrs. Marshall 
DeLancey Haywood, Raleigh. 

40. Photograph of locomotive Raleigh beside a modern Diesel locomotive of 
the Seaboard Air Line Railway. Given by the Seaboard Air Line 
Railway, Norfolk, Virginia, through Mr. W. D. Faucette, Norfolk. 

41. Photograph of D. M. Jolly, Kenansville. Given by Mr. Gilbert M. 
Honeycutt, Kenansville. 

42. Photograph of painting of Dr. Susan Dimock, first woman physician 
in North Carolina. Given by Mrs. Fred Worthy, AVashington, N. C. 

43. Twenty-five sketches and watercolor paintings of wild flowers, by Miss 
Mary Ramseur. Given by Miss Rebecca Schenck, Greensboro. 



N. C. Historical Commission 35 

44. Thirty-one photographs of county courthouses in North Carolina. 
Given by Mrs. Daisy C. Whitehead, Lynchburg, Virginia. 

45. Photograph of L. O'B. Branch Drum Corps, Raleigh. Given by Miss 
Mary Birdsong, Raleigh. 

46. Engraving of old State House, Raleigh, published in London, 1831. 
Given by Mile. Jaclen M. DeChaux, Maisons Laffitte, Prance. 

47. Photograph of Jacob Marling's painting of the Old State House (origi- 
nal in Hall of History) and of the model of the old locomotive Tornado 
at Purdue University. Given by Dr. Charles M. Heck, State College, 
Raleigh. 

48. Photograph of mule-drawn street car used in the parade at the Raleigh 
Centennial Celebration, May, 1940. Given by Mr. Wade H. Lucas, 
Raleigh. 

49. Two photographs of Frutchey Mound site in Moore County. Given by 
Mr. Clarence W. Griffin, Forest City. 

50. Photograph of General George W. Mclver, former President Taft, and 
former Governor Manning of South Carolina during the World War. 
Given by General George W. Mclver, Washington, D. C. 

51. Thirty-two photographs taken during the Raleigh Centennial Celebra- 
tion, 1940. Given by The Raleigh Centennial Committee, Raleigh. 

52. Photostats of the Davis Hotel, Kittrell, and the Globe Warehouse, 
Durham, from Emerson's North Carolina Tobacco Belt Directory, 
1886-87. Purchased from Carolina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 

53. Photostat of diagram showing Indian "bowling alley" excavated in 
Georgia; from Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and 
Letters. Vol. XXI. Purchased from Carolina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 

54. Photostat of the present seal of North Carolina. Purchased from 
Carolina Blue Printers, Raleigh. 

55. Collection of magazine illustrations portraying scenes in North Caro- 
lina during the nineteenth century. Purchased from Mr. H. W. Flans- 
burgh, Seattle, Washington. 

56. Sixteen postcards from the Valentine Museum, Richmond, Virginia. 
Given by the Valentine Museum. 

57. Photostats of the John White paintings; made from the watercolor 
copies in the Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Purchased from 
the William L. Clements Library, Ann Arbor. 

Stamps and Cachets: 

1. Envelope with cachet of first all-North Carolina air mail flights, 
October 11-16, 1937, mailed in Warrenton, carrying Roanoke Island- 
350th-anniversary stamp; envelope with national-air-mail-week cachet, 
Warrenton, May 15-21, 1938, air-mail stamp. Given by Miss Mattie 
Erma Edwards, Raleigh. 

2. First-flight cachet, first transatlantic air mail. New York to Marseilles, 
May 20, 1939. Given by Mr. John A. Park, Raleigh. 

3. Envelope carrying first-flight cachet, northern trans-Atlantic air mail, 
New York to Southampton, June 24, 1939. Given by Mr. John A. Park, 
Raleigh. 

4. Envelope carrying first-flight cachet, air mail experimental route 2001, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-Camden Airport, New Jersey; rotary wing 
air craft. Given by Mr. John A. Park, Raleigh. 

5. Envelope bearing Mexican air mail stamp. Given by Dr. C. C. Crit- 
tenden, Raleigh. 

6. Envelope carrying cachet, British Trans-Atlantic air mail, first flight, 
England-United States, via Eire, Newfoundland, Canada. Given by 
Mr. John A. Park, Raleigh. 

7. Envelope and cachet of first air mail round-the-world flight. Given by 
Mr. John A. Park, Raleigh. 

8. Air mail cachet, 100th trans-Atlantic flight (Europe-United States) Pan 

American Airways. Given by Mr. John A. Park, Raleigh. 



36 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

War Relics: 

1. Bullet from 37 millimeter gun, 1916 model. Loaned by Mr. Burt 
Thomas, Raleigh. 

2. Portion of cannon ball thought to have been fired from Fort Fisher 
during Civil War. Given by Mr. W. B. Keziah, Southport. 

3. Miniature replica of British naval cannon used during siege of York- 
town, Virginia, in 1781. Given by Mr. W. J. Barrow, Newport News, 
Virginia. 

4. Hull of one-pound shell engraved by German prisoners during World 
War. Given by Mr. A. P. Arnold, Zebulon. 

5. Volunteers' Cross issued by France in 1937, awarded KifRn Rockwell. 
Given by Mr. Paul Rockwell, Asheville. 

6. Sword found buried in top of Fort Barnwell, Craven County. Given 
by Mr. Grover C. Bush, Lenoir. 

7. Rifle used in Civil War. Given by Judge Michael Schenck, Raleigh. 

8. Iron cutlass said to have been used in Revolution and Civil War. Given 
by Miss Sybil Hyatt, Kinston. 

9. Two bullets found on farm near Raleigh. Given by Miss Ruth Young, 
Raleigh. 

10. Three fragments of shells picked up by donor at Fort Fisher, March, 
1940. Given by Dr. C. C. Crittenden, Raleigh. 

WORK PROJECTS ADMINISTRATION PROJECTS 
With the aid of Federal rehef funds the Historical Commission 
has been able to carry on a number of activities which otherwise 
would not have been possible. During the biennium more than 
$175,000 (eight times the Commission's biennial appropriation) 
has been spent on various Work Projects Administration projects 
with which the Commission has co-operated, as follows: 

(1) Miscellaneous projects. Workers from the Art Project, 
the Library Project, and other projects have assisted in the work 
of the Hall of History, in the preparation of catalogs and indexes, 
and in the performance of other tasks. 

(2) A National Youth Administration project. Under the 
direction of Mr. D. L. Corbitt, this project has completed the work 
of abstracting the marriage bonds in the archives of the His- 
torical Commission. All bonds have been checked, and those of 
Ashe, Alamance, Bertie, Brunswick, Bute, Cabarrus, Carteret, 
Cumberland, Duplin, Edgecombe, Guilford, Halifax, Johnston, 
New Hanover, Orange, and Pasquotank counties have been alpha- 
betized and typed. A handwritten card index to John W. Moore, 
compiler, Roster of North Carolina Troops in the War Bettveen 
the States, has been prepared and the letters A, B, and about 
one-half of the C's have been typed. Typed indexes have been 
prepared of the wills from Ashe, Bertie, Brunswick, Burke, Bute, 
Caswell, Carteret, Chatham, Chowan, Craven, Cumberland, Dup- 
lin, Edgecombe, Franklin, Halifax, Johnston, Jones, Mecklenburg, 
Nash, New Hanover, and Perquimans counties. At the present 



N. C. Historical Commission 37 

time no NYA workers are employed in the offices of the Historical 
Commission. 

(3) The Survey of Federal Archives. This project, which has 
as its objective the listing of the records of all Federal agencies 
within North Carolina, has been continued during the biennium 
on a state-wide basis, sponsored by the Historical Commission and 
under the direction of Miss Emily Bridgers, Thirteen of a total 
of seventeen volumes of descriptive inventories have been com- 
pleted and mimeographed, covering the Departments of Agricul- 
ture (three volumes), Commerce, the Interior, Justice, Labor, the 
Navy, the Treasury, and War, the United States Courts, the 
Veterans' Administration, and the Farm Credit Administration. 
Volumes yet to be issued will list the records of the Civil Works 
Administration, the Emergency Relief Administration, the Works 
Progress Administration (Work Projects Administration), and 
miscellaneous agencies. Copies of the completed sections have 
been placed in the archives of the Historical Commission, in the 
libraries of Duke University and the University of North Caro- 
lina, and in various college libraries and public libraries of the 
state. Copies have also been sent to approximately eighty 
libraries and archival depositories in other states. Plans call for 
the completion of the project within a few months. 

(4) The Historical Records Survey. Sponsored by the Histori- 
cal Commission, this Work Projects Administration project has 
continued its program of inventorying the basic materials for 
research in the state. By the end of the 1936-38 biennium most 
of the field work in the inventorying of county records had been 
completed and the first volume of The Historical Records of 
North Carolina, containing lists of the records of twenty-six 
counties, Alamance through Columbus, had been published by the 
Historical Commission. During the 1938-40 biennium the second 
and third volumes, completing the series and containing lists of 
the records of the remaining seventy-four counties. Craven 
through Yancey, have been published by the Historical Commis- 
sion. Through the publication of these volumes. North Carolina 
has become the first state in the Union to complete the inven- 
torying of its county records, a work which is still being carried 
on by Historical Records Survey projects in other states. 

In addition to the completion of the county records program, 
satisfactory progress has been made in the inventorying of state 
records, of church records, and of manuscript collections ; in the 
listing of early American imprints ; and in the collection of vital 
statistics from cemeteries. Inventories for eight state offices and 



38 



Eighteenth Biennial Report 



for four Baptist associations have been approved for publication, 
and many more are in an advanced stage of preparation. A Guide 
to Manuscript Collections in the Duke University Library has 
been prepared and distributed in a mimeographed edition. A 
Guide to the Southern Historical Collection in the University of 
North Carolina Library, a publication of perhaps 500 pages, has 
been prepared and turned over to the University Press for print- 
ing. Over 50,000 titles of early American printed works in 
libraries of the state have been listed, of which over 30,000 have 
been typed and routed to the Chicago office of the American Im- 
prints Inventory, a sub-unit of the Historical Records Survey. 
Approximately 5,000 cemeteries have been surveyed and 110,000 
individual tombstone cards have been typed and filed, in addition 
to the quantity prepared during the previous biennium. Thou- 
sands of manuscripts in the vaults of the Historical Commission 
have been classified, arranged in special manuscript boxes, and 
labeled. During the biennium the Survey has employed an aver- 
age of over 100 persons and has expended a total of more than 
$157,000. 

Mr. Dan Lacy, State Supervisor of the Survey, resigned on 
April 1, 1940. He was succeeded by Mr. Colbert F. Crutchfield, 
who still held the position at the end of the biennium. 

APPROPRIATION AND EXPENDITURES 

The expenditures of the Historical Commission, just as those 
of other North Carolina state agencies, are made from biennial 
legislative appropriations, as allotted quarterly by the Budget 
Bureau. The following classified table shows the appropriations 
and expenditures for each fiscal year of the 1938-1940 biennium : 



Appropriation 



Expenditures 



Appropriation 



Expenditures 



Salaries and Wages 

Supplies 

Postage, Telephone, Telegrams, Express. 

Travel Expense. 

Printing and Binding 

Repairs and Alterations 

General Expense 

Equipment 

Insurance 

Additions and Betterments 

Workman's Compensation 



Total 

Less estimated receipts. 
Appropriation _ . 



$16,004.00 
302.00 
445.00 
715.00 
5,179.00 
25.00 
974.00 
504.00 
160.00 
235.00 



$24,543.00 

2,100.00 

$22,443.00 



$16,000.50 

289.53 

417.28 

674.52 

5,119.58 

14.88 
967.33 
474.37 
160.00 

74.22 



$16,124.00 
305.00 
390.00 
600.00 
4,785.00 
25.00 
100.00 
549.50 
160.00 

21.50 



$24,192.21 

2,103.83 

$22,088.38 



$23,060.00 

1,900.00 

$21,160.00 



$16,050.50 

306.19 

389.80 

599.52 

4,368.45 

24.67 

82.00 

539.59 

160.00 

21.50 



$22,542.22 

1,948.54 

$20,593.68 



N. C. Historical Commission 39 

Before the economic depression of the early nineteen thirties, 
the Historical Commission was receiving an annual appropriation 
for historical work of more than $30,000 (excluding the addi- 
tional appropriation for the Legislative Reference Library, which 
was under the control of the Historical Commission until April 1, 
1933, when it was transferred to the Attorney General's office). 
At the bottom of the depression the Commission's appropriation 
was cut to $11,315, or only a little more than one-third the pre- 
depression figure. As general business conditions improved and 
as the state's revenues increased and its financial status improved, 
the appropriation was augmented until in 1939-1940 it was 
$21,000. This amount, however, was only sixty-eight per cent of 
the appropriation ten years before. If the Historical Commission 
was to render the many and varied services which the State and 
the public had the right to expect, it was evident that its appro- 
priation would have to be at least restored to the pre-depression 
level. 

The Commission's annual appropriations and expenditures for 
the past biennium have been as follows: 

Year Appropriation Expenditures 

1930-1931 . $30,865.00 $23,565.03 

1931-1932 _- 24,86500 18,338.51 

1932-1933 20,065.00 13,286.15 

1933-1934. 12,826.00 11,223.13 

1934-1935 11,315.00 11,298 23 

1935-1936 19,364.00 16,156.51 

1936-1937 20,294.00 19,985.59 

1937-1938 21,843.00 20,478.17 

1938-1939 22,443.00 22,088.38 

1939-1940 -- 21,000.00 20,433.68 

FORT RALEIGH 

In May, 1936, the Historical Commission offered the Fort 
Raleigh area to the National Park Service, and, after an investi- 
gation, that agency announced in June, 1938, that the offer would 
be accepted. After some delay the necessary papers were pre- 
pared and sent to Washington, but the attorneys of the Park 
Service returned the papers with the request that certain matters 
be clarified. At the end of the 1938-1940 biennium the transfer 
of the title had not yet been made, but it was expected that the 
transaction would be completed shortly. 

Paul Green's historical drama, "The Lost Colony," was pre- 
sented several times weekly in an open-air amphitheatre at Fort 
Raleigh during the summer of 1937, the 350th anniversary of the 
coming of the colony. The play was so successful that it was 
continued during the summers of 1938 and 1939, and, as the 



40 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

biennium closed in June, 1940, the play had just opened for its 
fourth run. Tens of thousands of persons had seen it, it had been 
widely praised by critics everywhere, and it was generally ac- 
claimed as the greatest theatrical production ever written and 
staged in North Carolina. 

SOCIETY FOR THE PRESERVATION OF ANTIQUITIES 

In the Historical Commission's Seventeenth Biennial Report 
(page 40) your secretary pointed out the need for an organization 
for the care of historic houses, graves, battlefields, and the like 
throughout the state. He is now happy to report that a move- 
ment in which he participated culminated in the creation, in 
October, 1939, of the North Carolina Society for the Preservation 
of Antiquities, Incorporated, with Colonel Joseph Hyde Pratt of 
Chapel Hill as president and Mrs. C. A. Gosney of Raleigh as 
secretary-treasurer. The secretary of the Historical Commission 
is ex officio a member of the Society's board of directors and the 
Commission has provided office space for the secretary-treasurer 
of the Society. During the nine months of its existence, the new 
organization has inaugurated an active campaign for the preser- 
vation and care of the state's historic shrines, and important 
results are expected to follow. 

NEW QUARTERS 

Probably the most important development for the Historical 
Commission for many years has been the move into space al- 
lotted to it in the new State Office Building, at the northwest 
corner of Salisbury and Edenton streets, diagonally across from 
the Capitol Square. Erected at a cost of approximately $674,000 
(including the cost of the land), this building houses the Depart- 
ment of Conservation and Development, the Department of Public 
Instruction, the School Commission, the Industrial Commission, 
the Board of Charities and Public Welfare, and several smaller 
state agencies. The Historical Commission has been allotted the 
first floor and about one-half of the ground floor, quarters which 
have been especially designed for its needs. The building was 
constructed in 1938-1939, and the Historical Commission moved 
in early in 1939. 

The transfer of the Commission's large quantity of archives 
and manuscripts, its publications, its displays and display cases 
in the Hall of History, and its office equipment was no small 
undertaking. Several weeks were required and, although exten- 



N. C. Historical Commission 41 

sive use was made of Federal relief labor, the total cost of moving 
alone amounted to more than $1,000. After the move many 
months were needed to arrange properly the archives and displays 
and to make other necessary adjustments. 

The chief features of the new quarters are as follows : 

(1) The Hall of History occupies one entire wing of the first 
floor and a small part of the other wing. There are six large 
display rooms, three smaller display rooms, an office and a work 
room for the Collector, and storage areas of various sizes (one on 
the ground floor). 

(2) Adequate office space for the present needs of the staff are 
provided on the first floor and ground floor. 

(3) The large search room, containing suitable tables and 
chairs, specially designed racks for manuscripts, a microfilm pro- 
jecting machine, and other appropriate equipment, offers ample 
facilities for the public to make use of the Commission's collec- 
tions. 

(4) Most important of all, there is much more space for 
archives than in the old building. Three separate archive areas, 
each separated from the others by fire walls and each large 
enough to contain two tiers of stacks, are available. 

The special session of the General Assembly, in September, 
1938, appropriated $27,500 to match Public Works Administration 
funds for the purchase and installation of equipment for the 
Historical Commission. While the application for the PWA 
grant was rejected, the Commission nevertheless was permitted 
to extend the appropriation from the state for the purchase of 
equipment, notably the following: specially designed stacks for 
the archives, furniture and equipment for the Search Room and 
offices, and new cases for the Hall of History. In addition, the 
old cases were renovated. 

A PROGRAM FOR THE FUTURE 

As the biennium ends, the Historical Commission seems in a 
better position than ever before to undertake a broad program of 
activity. For many years, in its rooms in the State Adminis- 
tration Building, the Commission was so crowded that its func- 
tions were limited and its services impaired. Now, however, in 
larger and better designed quarters, it can launch a broader and 
more comprehensive program for the service of the state and the 
nation. 



42 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

In planning such a program the Commission should continue to 
devote the major part of its attention and efforts along the same 
lines as in the past. There are certain phases of the work, how- 
ever, which appear at the present time to deserve particular 
attention : 

(1) More publicity is needed. While historians and persons in 
similar professions are aware what the Historical Commission is 
accomplishing, the general public, both in North Carolina and 
throughout the nation at large, know little or nothing about what 
is being done. In the past the Commission has issued press re- 
leases from time to time and has made use of the radio and the 
rostrum to disseminate information, but these efforts need to be 
increased multifold. Frequent press releases should be distrib- 
uted, and in other ways publicity should be sought. It is dis- 
couraging to the members of the staff to labor hard and con- 
scientiously over a period of years, only to discover that the 
masses of the populace are not only poorly informed about the 
Historical Commission and its work but actually do not know that 
such an agency exists. If an agency of this kind is to have 
public support and be maintained by adequate appropriations, it 
must keep the public well informed of its activities and accom- 
plishments. 

(2) A larger number of publications for the masses of the 
people should be issued. It is very well for the Commission to 
distribute publications for historians and other members of the 
learned professions, and such activity, which has been at the very 
foundation of the Commission's achievements in the past, ought 
not to be curtailed. But at the same time it ought not to be for- 
gotten that the vast majority of the populace will never even see 
such scholarly publications, so that a different and more popular 
type of literature ought also to be made available. It would be 
well for the Commission within the next few years to publish and 
distribute, especially to the public schools, large editions of 
pamphlets and leaflets on the history of the state. 

(3) A broader archival program is desirable. A procedure 
ought to be worked out and made effective whereby the Commis- 
sion is automatically made the custodian of the records of the 
various state agencies as soon as these records shall have become 
non-current. Likewise a more extensive program for the acqui- 
sition and preservation of non-current county records is needed. 
Considerable strides in this direction have already been made, but 
there is a great deal more to do before the desired goal is reached. 



N. C. Historical Commission 43 

(4) Wider use should be made of the microfilm. By means of 
this device, which makes possible the reproduction of records at 
a cost so low as to have been unbelievable a few years ago, it will 
be practicable for the Commission to obtain copies of large quan- 
tities of archival materials in other states and in the North Caro- 
lina counties. The Commission has already purchased and in- 
stalled in its Search Room a microfilm projecting machine, and 
within the near future a microfilm camera probably ought also to 
be obtained. 

(5) A photostating machine should be acquired. Every year 
the Commission arranges for a commercial concern of Raleigh to 
make photostats of several hundred documents for persons in 
various parts of the country. Such a machine could be operated 
by a member of the staff of the Commission and some revenue 
would result. 

(6) New equipment for the care and preservation of manu- 
scripts ought to be installed. A fumigating vault for the de- 
struction of insects and a laminating machine for strengthening 
and prolonging the life of manuscripts ought to be acquired. 

(7) The historical highway marker program should be com- 
pleted. Already 343 markers have been approved, but there are 
still several hundred spots which fully deserve markers, and the 
program should be continued until every one of these has been 
designated. Since the annual appropriation of $5,000 a year from 
the Highway Fund will purchase only about 100 markers, it is 
obvious that the work will have to be carried on for several more 
years before it is done. 

(8) A broad movement should be conducted for the restoration 
and care of historic houses, battlefields, graveyards, and the like 
throughout the state. The creation of the North Carolina Society 
for the Preservation of Antiquities marks a long step in the right 
direction, and various "patriotic" and other organizations have 
played a part in this work. But many historic old buildings are 
hastening to decay, so that they will not be in existence much 
longer unless immediate steps are taken to preserve them. 

(9) A broad program of museum development throughout the 
state ought to be undertaken, and the Hall of History, together 
with the State Museum, ought to assume leadership in the 
movement. 

(10) A larger staff is needed by the Historical Commission. 
The program of expanded activity outlined above cannot be 
properly carried on by the present staff, and several additional 



44 Eighteenth Biennial Report 

employees are needed and have been requested in the budgetary 
estimates for the 1941-1943 biennium. 

During the thirty-seven years of its history the North CaroHna 
Historical Commission has made an enviable record and has be- 
come generally recognized as one of the leading state historical 
agencies in the entire country. There is no good reason why the 
high standards of the past cannot be maintained in the future 
and why the Commission cannot go on to even higher standards 
of achievement. 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. C. Crittenden, 

Secretary. 
Raleigh, N. C, 
July 1, 1940.