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Biennial Report WAKE COUNTY
PUBLIC SCHOOLS.: .: .: .: .:
" It is the duty of the
State to make the most
of every child born in
it."— E. E. Halk
"The object of the
common school system
is to give to every child
a free, straight, solid
pathway, by which he
can walk directly up
from the ignorance of
an infant to a knowledge
of the primary duties of a
man."— Horace Mann
ZEB V. JUDD
Sentinels op the School Path
|4orth ilarolina State Library
Waiit Count? public
ZEB V. JUDD
BOARD OF EDUCATION, 1905-07
Thomas Johns, Chairman
J. L Foster b. S. Franklin
BO MtD OF EDrJCATION, lii07-'0!1
J. D. Ai^i.EN, Chairman
L. J, Sears E M. RoLLr^fs
people of Wakt Countp:
I came into your service two years ago for the second time, hav-
ing several years previously taught two terms in a little school-
house in Holly Springs
Township. I came with
that deep interest in the
county that can best come
from one who has grown to
manhood within its borders,
and with that understand-
ing of people and country
life that can only come from
one who has shared many
of the same experiences.
The call to the superin-
tendency came unexpected
and unsought but it seemed
a direct and an urgent call.
With clear vision of the
field and of the need of the
children, and with faith that
the people of the county
were ready for much under-
taking if only the way were
presented to them, I took
up the work.
This faith has been more
than justified. You have
rallied to the schools and
have developed a wide-
spread interest that has
leaped into achievement
with surprising rapidity. The returns from our united efforts
during these first two years have been even larger than one might
have hoped for. Your generous gifts for buildings ; your willing-
ness to assume additional taxation ; the valuable assistance given
by women ; in brief, your cordial support of every effort to build
up the schools of the county indicates strong purpose on your part
to give your children every possible educational advantage.
This report is to show to you that your material prosperity —
for Wake is a wealthy county — is expressing itself along upward
Zeb V. JuDD, Superintendent
lines; and to emphasize the fact that "Property, being dependent
on education, can afford to pay to make education universal."
The retiring Board of Education has done a great work for this
county. Their labors, as public officers, can not be too highly
valued, for each of them gave his service at a sacrifice of time and
money. The progress made during their administration, as shown
by this report, brings them the satisfaction of having wrought
The members of the present Board in assuming their office have
outkned an intelligent and progressive policy, and there is every
reason to believe that under their management the schools will
continue to improve.
I wish you to know that we are deeply indebted for assistance
in every phase of our work to State Superintendent J- Y. Joyner
and to his assistants in the State Department of Education. I
am sure you will join me in cordially extending thanks to them,
and to The News and Observer, The Raleigh Bvening Times, The
Woman's Betterment Association, The Woman's Club of Raleigh,
and to the many other agencies that have contributed to our suc-
cess. I wish personally to express my very deep sense of grati-
tude to the men and women who have so generously given time
and worthy service to our cause.
And now a personal word to the teachers : I here express to
you, fellow-workers, my appreciation of the devoted, conscientious
service you have given the schools of this county. I now repeat
what I have so often said, that I have never seen a more faithful
and earnest band of workers. No true history of our great county
can ever be written without a prominent place being given to your
As we enter upon the duties of the new school year. I can only
bespeak the same unselfish giving of yourselves in that earnest,
persistent effort to upbuild our schools that has characterized
your services in the past. Some one has said. "No one has come
to true greatness who has not felt, in some degree, that his life
belongs to his race and that what God gives him, is given for man-
kind." May not this be the motto of each of us : "I will leave my
country not less, but greater and more powerful than she was when
committed to me."
Zeb V. JUDD.
QTfte Campaign for Cbucation
From the beginning of the present administration, it was evi-
dent that the greatest need of the Wake County schools was an
intelHgent, careful presentation of the claims of education. Men
and women everywhere were anxious to hear discussions of the ad-
vantages to be gained through definite, systematic training of the
young — training, not merely of the intellect, but in all the virtues
that go to make up character. Just as the pastor preaches to his
Zebulon, June, 1908
flock the gospel of spiritual salvation, so those who are entrusted
with our schools must preach to all the people the gospel of edu-
To this end no efifort has been spared to respond to all calls for
discuss-on of the different phases of education. Wherever there
have been the first signs of an awakening, efifort has been made to
deepen these feelings, and there labor has been concentrated.
There has been a campaign for education going on in the county
almost continuously during these two years. Sometimes, the
particular object in view was creating sentiment for local taxation;
sometimes it was raising funds for building; while, again, it was
quickening the interest of the people in the general cause of edu-
cation, and making them catch the spirit of iHorace Mann when
LiTTJ^E River No. 2, April 6. I'JOG
The Turner Schooi,, May 190()
he exclaimed, "I would much sooner surrender a portion of the
territory of the commonwealth to an ambitious and aggressive
neighbor than I would surrender the minds of its children to the
domain of ignorance."
Among those who have rendered valuable aid in this campaign
are State Superintendent J- Y. Joyner, Governor R. B. Glenn,
Mr. R. D. W. Connor, State Treasurer B. R. Lacy, Superinten-
dent John E. Ray, Prof. J. B. Carlyle, Superintendent R. B. White,
Dr. Charles D. Mclver, Dr. C. Alphonso Smith, and Dr. S. C.
Mitchell of Richmond.
Special mention should be made of the interest shown in public
education by the Junior Order of United American Mechanics.
On various occasions the Capital City Council has sent out strong,
able speakers, and the councils of the county have presented to
the schools not less than a dozen flaes and Bibles.
"The child is the great asset of society; it is the invested capital that a
generation bequeaths to humanity; it is the working capital that builds for
prosperity. The public school is the great exchange to which this capital
is placed, and whatsoever force withdraws its contribution, or fails to meet
at the exchange, or tends in any way to wrap the social asset in a napkin
of ignorance and withdraw it from the great circulating medium of intelli-
gence is an enemy to society and more to be dreaded than all the political
evils that engross the attention of the nation."
E. C. Brooks,
Department of Education, Trinity College.
"The blessings enjoyed by us to-day have not been wrought out by our own
efforts, but have been given to us by the self-sacrifice and devotion of our
forefathers. It is our duty, therefore, to make the life of the next genera-
tion as large as possible. Without public education this can not be accom-
plished." President J. I. Foust,
State Normal and Industrial College, North Carolina.
Thk Old Apex Building
The New Apex Building
tKljc I.ocal trax jHobcment
For a number of years the census report of North CaroHna
showed a greater percentage of illiteracy than any other State in
the Union except one. It was North Carolina's educational Gov-
ernor, Hon. Charles B. Aycock, who said, "Thank God for South
Carolina !" This condition of illiteracy was caused in large meas-
ure by the fact that so small an amount of money was available
for school purposes, and that this had to be divided between the
races. The great multiplicity of small schools further increased
the difficulties of the problem.
North Carolina expends annually $2.63 for each child of school
age. Wake County had last year a per capita of $3.00. Massa-
chusetts spends on the education of every child within her borders,
between the ages of five and eighteen, $26.42 a year. It is worthy
of note that of this amount 96.57 per cent is raised by local tax-
In North Carolina the first local tax to supplement public school
funds was voted in 1875 at Greensboro. June 30, 1905, there were
more than four hundred local tax districts in this State, of which
number all but 65 were in the rural districts.
Raleigh, the capital of the State and the county seat of Wake,
voted a school tax in 1877; and, with this exception, there was not
a single local tax district in Wake County at the beginning of the
present administration, July 4, 1905.
November 6, 1905, the freeholders of District No. 2, White Oak
Township, commonly known as the Jenks School, made application
to the County Board of Commissioners for an election to ascertain
the will of the people as to whether there should be levied a special
annual tax of not more than thirty cents on the one hundred dol-
lars valuation of property and ninety cents on the poll, to supple-
ment the public school funds. The election was held on the 15th
of December ; and after a strong, persistent fight, it was carried by
a majority of 24 votes.
Before June 30, 1906, elections had been carried at Fuquay
Springs by a majority of 27 ; at Wendell by 27 ; and at Wakefield
by 35. Elections had also been held at Rolesville, Holly Springs,
Salem, the Patrick School, and Apex, all of which were lost by
In the following August, the Pearce School (Wake Forest No.
6) held an election with the following result: 20 ballots "For
Special Tax" and 4 "Against Special Tax." In September Salem
laid off a new district and called a second election, which carried
with only one vote cast against the special tax. On May 7, 1907,
Holly Springs and the Patrick School, both of which had failed
the previous year, carried elections with only 18 and 2 votes,
respectively, cast against the tax.
On the same day, Cary and Zebulon voted on a special tax. At
Cary, out of a registration of 102 names, only two votes were cast
against the tax. At Zebu-
lon the election carried
On the 28th of May,
Apex held an election on a
special tax with the result
that only nine votes out of
one hundred and forty-two
registered were cast
"Against Special Tax." On
the same day elections were
lost at Wilbon and at Ca-
During the past two years
a special tax to supplement the public school fund has been voted
in eleven districts. In all but two the maximum rate will be
levied. The receipts from this source for i907-'o8, according to
reports made to the office of the Register of Deeds, will be $6,-
Wherever a local tax has been voted, marked improvement has
been noticed. There is a healthier school spirit and greater enthu-
siasm for education. Better houses have been built; a larger
number of well-trained teachers has been employed, at increased
salaries ranging from $40.00 to $95.00, for terms averaging more
than eight months.
The Old Patrick School
The new building is similar in appearance
to that of White Oak No. 2
The idea grows. In White Oak Township, where there are
seven school districts, the first local tax in Wake County outside of
Raleigh Township, was voted December 15, 1905. Within eigh-
teen months of this date, three neighboring districts in this
township carried elections for a special tax by overwhelming
Holly Springs High .School
majorities. While this report is being written news comes that
two other d'stricts in this township have voted a special school tax,
one of which did not register an opposing vote.* A seventh dis-
trict lies along the county line, and is small in area and in popula-
tion. It is seeking to effect a consol dation with an adjoining
district in Chatham County. I am told by reliable citizens that as
soon as this shall have been done, this district, too, will fall into
* St Veil riistricls in < ttior parts of the pi>unty have sent in election rplnrns show-
i-'etrn.xl nijij.iiiies i..r tilt- i:i.k iiiiikiiig a total of eighteen local tax disi rids for the
C"Unt.v, exclusive of Raleigh.
Throughout the entire county our people are beginning to
recognize the importance of introducing the grade system into
the schools. As long as the schools are ungraded a large number
of classes will be necessary ; and, as a matter of course, very little
time can be devoted to each class. Where there are advanced
studies, so much time is consumed with them that the primary
studies are frequently neglected. It has often occurred that the
lower classes have recited
not more than three times a
In view of these facts,
the General Assembly of
1905 enacted a law that in
schools where only one
teacher is employed, the
high school branches shall
not be taught. Th's has
caused much dissatisfaction,
as thereby many of the
brighter and more ambi-
tious pupils are either ex-
cluded from the schools or
compelled to continue in
those subjects already mas-
These conditions offered
little incentive to progress
in the publx schools ; many
of our abler farmers sent
their sons and daughters to
private high schools, while others less able were forced to keep
them on the farms.
Further, it has been seen that the average cost to the county
per pupil is much greater in the small schools than in the large
ones. By an act of the General Assembly of 1901, County Boards
of Education are required to run all the schools of any given
township the same number of days. A just and equal distribu-
tion of the public school moneys to the various districts provides
so small a fund for the little districts that the committeemen are
compelled to offer meager salaries and to accept the services of
inferior eachers. While the County Board of Education has
Barton's Ckeek To\v>'.siiip
Districts Nos. 2 and 5, Cousolidated
Proposed Building with Floor Plan for Dlstkicts Nos. 2 and 5
Bartou's Creek Township, Consolidated
^rrs cicak r-rsirn
North Carolina Stare Library
fixed $35.00 as the minimum month-
ly salary for a one-teacher school
having a censtis of 60 pupils, the
maximum salary allowed schools
with less than 60 pupils is $30.00.
The neglect of the lower grades,
the prohihition of the high school
studies, and the small salaries al-
lowed have combined to make our
people dissatisfied with the old-
fashioned ungraded one-teacher
school. Formerly the public school
was an insignificant factor in the
community's life. The people paid little attention to the teacher
and her methods, or to the character of the school she conducted.
Now they have become more discriminative in their judgment.
These conditions have caused our people to seek relief through
Within the last two years fourteen small schools have been con-
solidated. Since the writing of this report was begun, four others
have combined and four more are before the Board for consider-
It might be well to call attention here to the way consolidation
is effected. It has been the custom of the Board to take every
precaution against unwise consolidation. x\n order for consolida-
tion has never been passed except upon a strong majority petition
from the people. All petitions for consolidation are held over
one month before action is taken. In the meantime, the people
of the districts affected are notified through their committeemen,
and requested to appear before the Board if they know any just
cause why the petition should not be granted.
Schools Nos. 4 and 6
Holly Springs Township, Consolidated
It might be pointed out that the action in relation to Districts
No. 5, Barton's Creek Township, and No. 7, White Oak Town-
ship, form exceptions to this rule for consolidation. In neither
of these cases was any petition presented. The fact is that neither
of the schools was consolidated with any particular school by order
District Xo. 8, St. Maky's Township
of the Board. The attendance at these schools became so small
that it did not justify the employment of a teacher and the Board
simply abolished them.
As County Superintendent, I wish to add this word : We must
not suffer from the dehision that all small schools should be
abolished and that all the remaining schools be made large ones.
In the rural districts, on account of creeks and bad roads, it will
always be necessary to maintain a certain number of small schools.
DisTKicT No. 2, St. Mary's Township
These two schools were consolidated.
School No. 5, Little River TowNsmr
Consolidated with School No. 1. The building for the latter, which was burned, was
not as good as the one here printed.
Perspective of Building for Schools No. 1 and 5
Little River Township, Consolidated
Justice School and Old Bay Leaf
New building- completed January, 1907
High School established July 9, 1907
Old Bay Leak
Bay Leaf High School
Proposed Plan for Consoliiiatkd School
New Light Township
These pictures represent two
small schools in New Light
township. The people are con-
sidering the matter of consoli-
dating them with School No. 2
in the same township.
Schools No. 3 and 4
New Light Township
These two schools, Nos. 2 and 3,
Oak Grove township, were consoli-
dated. For the new seiiool a build-
ing identical with that of the Bay-
Leaf High School is under con-
struction. See page 21.
itCftf i*^*; V
' It mounts athwart the windy hill
Through sallow slopes of upland bare."
On July I, 1905, there were in Wake County 96 school build-
ings for the white race, of which number JJ consisted of only one
room. Three had cloak rooms ; not one contained a lunch cup-
board. Many of these buildings were in bad condition, and a
largfe number of them have since been abandoned.
Last Log Schoolhouse
Abandoned May 1906
During July and August. 1905. the County Board of Education
ordered seven schoolhouses to be built. Each of them was to be
a one-room structure, and to contain neither cloak room nor lunch
closet. They were to range in cost from $260.00 to $400.00.
Withiu four nailes of the Capitol. Abandoned fall of I'JOi.
Before contracts for them had l:;eeii let, all Ijut two had been
changed to two-room plans, and cloak rooms had been added to
some. The best honses built during- the }ear i905-'o6, however,
cost less than nine hundred and fifty dollars.
Old Mount Heihmon
District No. 1, Cedar F.vtiv Tomi'-hip
F(<r new building see Ml. Hope on page 27
District No. 7, Swift Creek Town&bip
Counting- houses ordered and in process of erection, there have
been built since July i, 1905, 38 schoolhouses ranging in cost
from $470.00 to $7,172.00. Three private academies have been
The cheapest white schoolhouse built during the vear i9o6-'o7
was erected at a cost of $1,500.00. It has been the policy of the
Board to paint every new house erected.
One of the most encouraging features about the building move-
ment is, that while formerly every dollar that went into a school-
house was taken out of the public school fund, one-half from a
general building fund and one-half from the district fund, now
many of the people have become so impressed with the necessity
of having modern, well-equipped schoolhouses that they are will-
ing to pay a large part of the cost of construction b\' local sub-
scription. In four districts $4,836 was thus contributed.
M 1. ll.Ml.
District No. 0, St. Maiy'.s Towusbip. old Ijuilding
During the present administration there has been an effort to
replace, as rapidly as possible, the qld inadequate buildings with
new ones, well heated, well lighted, commodious, and well ar-
ranged. From June 30, 1905. to June 30, 1907, tliere has been
expended on the schools of Wake County:
Buildings and sitos .$24,01.3 .71
Eepairs and ])ainting 2,386.72
School fuinitiue 0,722.71
Total $32,12.5 . 14
Buildings and sites $126.96.36.199
Eepairs and painting 1.182.24
Total $4,377 . 93
Total for both races $37.-503.07
According to the report of the County Superintendent for 1904
and 1905, the total value of school property in Wake County was
$36,057.00. Tlie report for the year ending- June 30. 1907, shows
the total school property of Wake County to be $85,401.69. of
which amount $48,745.33 in school houses and furniture is
Tlie small building in
the rear of this pictuie is
a part of the old school-
house at Garner.
The larg'e building in
front \va-« erected in 1906
and was burned by light-
ning soon aft r comple-
The New Building at Garner Under Construction
Libraries established prior to January i, 1907:
White At Present
Barton's Creek, No. 1 83
No. 3 54
Holly Spiings, No. 2 lOSf
No. 3 (i2"
House Creek, No. 1 11 7t
No. (i 170
Mark's Creek, No. 2 fl8t
Middle Creek, No. 2A 84
Neuse, No. 3 7(i
New Light, No. 6 84
Oak Grove, No. 2B 40*
White At Present
Panther Branch.No. 1 46
No. 5B 57
No. 1 48t
No. 5A 105
No. 6 72
No. 1 <J8
No. 4 72
No. 7 84
No. 1 1 30*
No. 8 86
No. 9 120t
Supplementary library secured prior to January 1, 1907:
No. Vols, at Present
St. Mary's, No. 1 36
Libraries established since January i, 1907:
No. 1 85
No. 1 83
No. 4 85
Panther Branch, No. 2
No. 2 . .
No. 2 . .
Cary High School
2 . . . .
Supplementary libraries established since January i, 1907:
Holly Springs, No. 2 36 Mark's Creek, No. 2 36
House Creek, No. 1 36 Oak Grove, No. 2 B 40*
*This library rei^eived no county or state aid.
tThis number includes Supplementary Library.
JThis includes village library recently combined with school library.
^Eight books were added to St. Mary's No. 1 in 1907.
School No. 5, Swift Creek
Township, with drawing- and
floor plan of proposed new
During the past year the library movement has received marked ^
impetus, as will be seen from the following statement : O
Total number of libraries in county 44 |H
Total number supplementary libraries in county 5
Total number of volumes in county 4,612
Total amount for libraries and eases $1,080.20
A special bill was passed by the last Legislature authorizing
the Wake County Board of Education to establish, in addition to
the regular six biennial libraries, a twenty-dollar library in any
school that would present to the County Board of Education the
sum of ten dollars ; further, that ten-dollar supplementary libraries'
might be added biennially.
From present indications it is reasonable to expect that before
many years shall have passed, there will be a good library in
every white school in the county.
"It is recorded that God opened the heavens to the patriarch of old and
showed him a ladder leading thither. This ladder is let down to every
descendant of Adam ; it is offered to thy child. But he must be taught to
climb it." — John Henry Pestalozzi.
"Let it be one of the highest virtues on earth faithfully to educate the
children of others who neglect it themselves." — Martin Luther.
"If people or rulers neglect the education of the young, they inflict an
injury upon both church and state; they become the enemies of God and
man; they advance the cause of Satan, and bring down upon themselves the
curse of Heaven." — Martin Luther.
Added since January i, 1907: ' - r^
Number libraries 22 >
Number supplementary libraries 4 ;bi
Number volumes 2 873 (/5
Amount given since January 1, 1907: *^
By local contribution for libraries $210.00 t^l
By local contribution for supplementary libraries 20.00 f^
By state and county — for libraries 410.00 tB
By state and county — for supplementary libraries 40 . 00 J
By books ( estimated value ) 221 . 70 pw
Twenty-one library cases 178.50 "^
"If I could put my w'oods in song
And tell wliat's there enjoyed,
All men would to my gardens throng
And leave the cities void "
The population of Wake County is largely rural, and the occu-
pation of its people is chiefly farming. It has an area of 950
square miles, and consists of 19 townships. These are subdivided
into 93 white school districts (85 rural, 8 city) and 65 colored (60
rural, 5 city). The total population of the county (census of
1905) is 54,626.
Raleigh,* the only city in Wake, has a population of 23,000.
By virtue of an act of the General Assembly the 13 schools of
Raleigh Township are subject to the immediate control of a board
of seven men who elect a special superintendent for them.
Last year there were employed 287 teachers :
According: to the last school census there were in the county :
7, 130 5, 736 3, 803
12,866 ,7,378 20,244
1 ' 1
Of the above number there were
enrolled during the last year :
4,530 L-- -
Girls ''?' ^f^'^
*As extended by act of the General Assembly of 1907.
Page Thirty -five
On an average there were present in the schools every day of
the term :
Average daily attendance
Illiterates (12 to 21)
J White 236^
These figures tell their own story and indicate where our labors
are most needed. The most serious question before us to-day is
that of attendance. Of the entire rural census only ^2 per cent
were enrolled in the public schools, and of these a fraction less than
52 per cent were in daily attendance. The city schools enrolled 33
per cent of the school census of Raleigh Township, and made an
average daily attendance of 82 per cent of this number.
In addition to working for more money to secure modern build-
ings and equipment, longer terms, and better pay for teachers, a
large part of our work for the next two years must be directed
toward getting the children into the schools, and then keeping
"It is idle to dream of a free people unless it be an educated people.
This education must be fostered and controlled by the people for their own
safety. The ideal democracy is dependent upon some knowledge of and
power to discern the truth. Ignorance is bondage — unworthy of strong
men and altogether hopeless. Knowledge of truth brings freedom. 'Ye
shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.' "
President Francis P. Venable,
University of North Carolina.
*A number of districts failed to report on illiteracy.
One of the most valuable aids to the teaching profession of this
county has been the County Teachers' Association, which was or-
ganized on the lyth of March, 1906. Two days before, the
teachers had been assembled in Raleigh to be instructed in
methods of teaching the public school branches. But an equally
important object of this meeting was to cultivate among the
teachers a deeper professional feeling, and to create a more perfect
realization of the responsibilities that rest upon the teacher. The
program consisted of two features, addresses by prominent edu-
cators, and instruction by well-trained and experienced teachers.
The social side of this meeting is worthy of mention. The
teachers had been notified through the office of the County Super-
intendent that during the meeting they would be, through the
Woman's Club, the guests of the people of Raleigh. Upon their
arrival, a committee met the teachers and sent them with escorts
(boys from the Raleigh High School) to the homes where they
were to be entertained. The second evening a concert and re-
ception was given at Peace Institute under the auspices of the
Teachers' Club of Raleigh. After the program refreshments
All the sessions were well attended, and at the close of the
meeting, the teachers organized the Wake County Teachers'
Association with ninety-four members.
The teachers returned to their schools with quickened interest,
and with a deeper love for their work.
The first regular meeting of the Wake County Teachers' Asso-
ciation was held at the North Carolina Summer School. During
the past session three bi-monthly meetings were held, at the last of
which the teachers were again entertained by the Woman's Club
and the Woman's Betterment Association. The annual concert
and reception was held at the Baptist University for Women.
For a better appreciation of the work of the Association, note
the following programs :
TOINT TOWNSHIP MEETING OF THE TEACHERS OF
THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1906.
8 p. M. — Hall of Representatives.
1. Invocation — Rev. M. M. Marshall, D.D.
2. Addresses of Welcome:
On behalf of City — Mayor Jas. I. Johnson.
On behalf of Educational Institutions — Dr. George T. Winston.
3. Responses to Addresses of Welcome:
On behalf of Women Teachers — Miss Minnie L. Franklin, Gary.
On behalf of Men Teachers — Prof. J. E. Dowd, Leesville.
The Joint Township Teachers' Meeting — Gounty Superintendent Zebu-
Ion Vance Judd, Wake County.
The Woman's Association for the Betterment of Public Schoolhouses
in North Carolina— Mrs. W. R. Hollowell, State President, Goldsboro.
Southern Educational Progress — Dr. Chas. D. Mclver, President State
Normal and Industrial College.
The Relation of the Average Intelligence of a State's Citizenship to Its
General Welfare — Dr. C. Alphonso Smith, University of North Caro-
FRIDAY, MARCH 16.
9 A. at. — Hall of Representatives.
1. How to Teach Reading — Prof. Charles L. Coon, State Department of
2. Local History — Prof. E. P. Mo?e5, Superintendent City Schools, Raleigh.
3. Language Lessons — Prof. Charles L. Coon.
5. Adjournment (1 p. M.).
2:30 p. M. — Hall of Representatives
1. History — Events Leading Up to the Revolutionary War — Prof. E. L. Mid-
clleton Princi|ial Gary High School.
2. First Lessons in Drawing — Prof. Charles L. Goon.
3. Adjournment to Raney Library Hall for Joint Session with Woman's
4. Words of Welcome — !Miss Fannie E. S. Heck, President Woman's Club.
5. Stereoptican Entertainment and Lecture on Roadside Improvement —
Mrs. F. L. Stevens, Raleigh.
6. Music — Mrs. Horace Dowell, Miss Martha Manney.
8 p. M. — Peace Institute.
Concert and Reception Tendered by Teachers' Club of Raleigh — President,
Dr. R. T. Vann, President Baptist University for Women;
Secretary, Mr. Ernest Cruikshank, St. Mary's.
1. Concert under the Direction of Mr. James P. Brawley, Director of Music,
Peace Institute Auditorium.
Mrs. Helen IMcLemore, Soprano.
Mrs. Henri Appy, Soprano.
Mrs. Wade R. Brown, Contralto.
Mr. Wade R. Brown, Tenor.
Mr. A. C. Jackson, Baritone.
Miss Emma V. Anderson, Violinist. _^
Mrs. Jessamine Harrison Irvine, Pianist.
Miss Elizabeth D. Burtt, Pianist.
Mr. James P. Brawley, Pianist.
Cotillion Valse Albeniz
The Ould Plaid Shawl (Old Irish) Battison Haynes
Loch Lomond ( Old Scotch ) Vogrich
Love Has Eyes (Old English) Bishop
A la bien Aime Sclniett
Hungarian Dance No. 5 Brahms
Spanische Caprice Moszkotvski
"Meine Ruh ist hin" Schubert
Mrs. Appy, Mrs. Brown, Mr. Brown, Mr. Jackson.
2. Toasts — Toastiiiaster, Superintendent James Y. Joyner.
Woman as an Educator — Rev. McNeely DuBose, Rector St. Mary's
Our Great Women — Dr. B. F. Dixon, State Auditor.
The Public Schools of Wake County — Hon. Thomas .Johns, Chairman
County Board of Education.
3. Reception, 9:30 to 11.
SATURDAY MARCH 17.
10:30 A. ii. — Hall of Representatives. '
1. Organization of Count}' Teachers' Association.
2. The Wake Betterment Association — Miss Edith Ro\'ster, Peace Institute.
3. Privileges and Opportunities of Public School Committeemen — Superin-
tendent James Y. Joyner.
4. The Place of Public High Schools in Our Educational System — Dr.
Francis Preston Venable, President University of North Carolina.
5. The Need of a Well Defined System of Public High Schools in Wake
County— Prof. J. B. Carlyle, Wake Forest College.
6. Final Adjournment.
JOINT TOWNSHIP MEETING AND THE BI-MONTHLY MEETING
OF THE WAKE COUNTY TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION
THURSDAY, MARCH 21, 1907.
8:30 p. ji. — Hall of Representatives.
1. Invocation — Rev. T. N. Ivey, D.D.
2 Address of Welcome — Hon. Joseph G. Brown.
3. Response to Address of Welcome — Mr. W. O. Beazley.
4. Address, "The Three Tasks of the South''— Dr. S. C. Mitchell, of the
Chair of History- of Richmond College, Virginia.
FRIDAY", IMARCH 22.
10 a. m. — Hall of Representatives.
1. Language — Miss Edith Royster.
2. History— Prof. D. H. Hill.
3. Reading — Miss lone Dunn.
4. Round-Table Discussion, "The Recitation"" — Led bj- Superintendent Zeb
5. Adjournment for dinner (1 p. m.)
2:30 p. M. — Hall of Kepkesextatives.
1. Language — Miss Edith Royster.
2. Reading — Miss lone l^unii.
3. Excursion to Agricultural and ^Mccliaiiical C'<ill('g(' and xarious parts of
4. Methods of Teaching Agriculture (Illustrated Lecture) — Dr. F. L.
5. Insects Injurious to Cultivated Plants (Illustrated Lecture) — Prof.
8:30 p. M. — Baptist Uxiver.sity for \Yomex.
Concert and Reception given by the Woman's Club of Raleigh, and the
Wake County Betterment Association.
1. Concert under the Direction of Mrs. E. C. Duncan, Chaiinian of the
Music Committee of the Woman's Club.
Vocal tSoloisfs — ]\Iiss Blinn, Mrs. Dowell. Mrs. Hall. [Mrs. [NIcKinnnon.
Pianists — ^Irs. A. \A'. Knox, ^liss Swicegood.
Chorus — Last Night.
Woman's Clul) Chorus.
Reading — [Mary Stuart Schiller
[Miss Lucile ^^'ithers.
Miss Burkhead, [Miss Green, Mrs. Hall. [Mrs. Albright.
Song — Springtide Becker
Piano Solo— "Brer Rabbit."
Duet — Hear [Me, [Norma.
Mrs. Chas. [\kdvimmon, [Mrs. J. .T. Thomas.
Violin Solo Mazurka hy Utratkoicski
[Miss Phyllis Woodall.
Chorus— I Would That My Love.
Piano Solo — The Lorelei.
Group of Songs.
Recitation — Tom Sawyer.
Group of Songs.
Chorus — ^loon Rise.
2. Reception, 0:30 to 11.
Miss Annie Thompson.
Woman's Club Chorus.
SATURDAY, MARCH 23.
10 A. M. — Hall of Representatives.
1. Round-Table Discussion based on Jean ^litchelTs School — Led by Super-
intendent Zeb V. Judd.
2. Address, "Rural Education in Relation to State and National Life,"
Professor J. B. Carlyle, Department of Latin, Wake Forest College.
3. Final Adjournment.
'Along a pine-clad bill it lies
O'erlooked by limpid Soullicrn skies.
Page forty- four
Sncreaseb Salaries anb Henstfjeneb
Within the last decade there has been phenomenal development
throughout the entire South in agriculture and industry. There
has been in consequence such a demand for intellig-ent' energetic
young men that it is becoming exceedingly difficult to secure their
services as teachers. Recent years have witnessed the opening to
women of professions and occupations hitherto closed to them.
Trained women are more in demand to-day than ever before. All
the world is competing for their services. These new conditions
make higher salaries for teachers an absolute necessity.
As the public is coming into a higher appreciation of intelligent
service in other professions and occupations, so school boards and
committeemen are awakening to the diiTerence in value between
the services of poorly-trained, and well-trained teachers. This
fact is brought out in the following table :
Average salary for white men teachers $34.59*
Average salary for white women teachers 29.33*
Average salary for white men teachers $37 .84
Average salary for white women teachers 29.72
Average salary for white men teachers .$43 . 33
Average salary for first-grade white women 35.87
TERM OF WHITE SCHOOLS
1904-'05 113 days.
1906-'07 ...v. 117.22 "
1906-'07 in local tax districts 161.8 "
Four districts supplemented their funds by local taxation, the
total amount of which was $905.00 for the year 1906-07. Four
others lengthened the term by local subscription, as shown by the
following table :
Holly Springs 47
Apex . ' 40
Olive Chapel ' 40
Total 142 i 468.00
•These figures were obtained from records in Superintendeut's office.
The above figures do not include money contributed for in-
creasing- teachers" salaries.
MUSIC TAUGHT IN CONNECTION WITH PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Catawba Springs. Swift Creek No. 2_
Wilbon. Holly Springs No. 4
Mt. Moiiah. St. Mary's No. 5
Wendell, Mark.s Creek No. 1
Olive Chapel, White Oak No. 9
Holly SpriniTs. Holly Springs No 2_
Wakefield. Little River No. 4
1, 4f)9. 00
SL'PPLEMENT To SAL.\KIES P.V SUPSCRIPTION
Our people have shown their faith in and desire for better
teachers, not only by a]^plying to the Iloard of Education for in-
creased appropriations, but also by contributing to supplement the
salaries allowed. In some instances this supplement was paid
through the County Treasurer ; in others, directly to the teacher.
Following are the districts that reported their contributions to
the Count}' Superintendent, with a statement of the amount:
Barton's Creek, No. (i .$15 . 00
Holly Springs. No. 2 lo . GO
Little River, No. 4 90 . 00
Middle Creek. No. 3 150 . 00
New Light, No. 7 17.50
Oak Grove, No. I 10 . 00
St. Mary's, No. 5 20 . 25
Wake Forest, No. (i 58 . 50
White Oak, No. 1 120 . 00
Wliite Oak, No. 4 27 . 50
White Oak, No. 9 210.00
Total $73U . 75
Page Forty -six
^i)t Wovk of tfje Wakt Countp l^omen
July I, 1906-June 30, 1907
The \\'oman's lictterment Association has Idccii of invahiable
assistance to the schools of Wake County. During its brief his-
tory of five years it has made itself felt in ever}- phase of the
school work. To its iuHuence may be attributed much of the in-
creased attendance, the deepened -ntercst among both patrons and
pupils, and the call for better buildin.gs and equipment.
MISS CLYDE HOLT
President Woman's Betterment Association
The best part of the woman's work can never be estimated in
dollars and cents. Information about material help is difficult to
get. owing to the modesty of our women in making claim for
credit. There is regrettable hesitancy in report-making.
Though many of the schools were not heard from, $1,145.86
was reported to the Secretary as having been raised last year
directly through the Association.
In addition to the cash offerings, much labor was given for the
improvement of grounds and buildings. Two associations sub-
scribed $750.00 toward new buildings. This amount is not in-
cluded in the above, as it was not paid in last year. Through the
Executive Committee at Raleigh, prizes, aggregating in value
$108.00, were distributed. These prizes were given bv ]^Iessrs.
Royal & Borden, Chas. J. Parker, Josephus Daniels, Clarence H.
Poe, Mrs. E. E. Moffitt, and the Central Association.
As County Superintendent, I feel that too much can not be said
in commendation of this most valuable auxiliary to the County
Department of Education. The County Association has spared
neither time nor pains in the effort to advance the interests of the
The iifth annual report may be obtained from 2\Iiss Edith
Royster, President, or from Aliss Daisy Bailey W'aitt, Secretary
of the Executive Committee, of Raleigh.
The following condensed summaries of work done at places
where prizes were won will doubtless be of interest.
June 30, 1906, to July i, 1907
District No. 2, Holly Springs Township
Awarded first prize — $50.00 from the County Association.
Amount raised. $268.72.
Means : Fees, contributions, and entertainments.
In addition, ten women have become personally responsible for
$500.00. pledged by the local association to the building fund.
Old house, barn, and 90 wagon loads of rubbish were removed
from school site.
Street was opened leading to school house, and walks laid off.
Four acres of the ten-acre school site were planted in cotton,
and is now being cultivated by the members of the ^^'oman's Bet-
terment Association. The seed and fertilizer were donated, the
latter by the Raleigh Phosphate \\'orks. The grounds will be
laid oft', sodded, and set with shrubbery as soon as the services
of a landscape gardener can be secured.
The association sent out committees of two to canvass that sec-
tion of the county in the effort to secure petitions for the location
of one of the county high schools at Holly Springs, and to
strengthen sentiment for the local tax election then pending in
that district. So successful were these women in their eff'orts
that the his^h school was secured ; and, akhough a local tax elec-
tion had failed the previous year, it carried at this time hv a large
majority, only i8 votes heing- cast against the tax.
A supplementary library was obtained.
The teachers were Air. R. A. lUirt and Miss Clvde Holt.
The Woman's Betterment Association of Holi,y Springs
Chopping their Cotton Field
The Woman's Betterment Asssciation of Holly Springs
Resting in the Shade
District No. 3, Swift Creek Township
Awarded one of the second prizes — a case of maps worth $12.50,
from Mr. Charles J. Parker, and a picture worth $5.00, from the
Amount raised, $57.00.
Means : Fees, contributions, entertainments.
Bought : An unabridged dictionary and stand ; one framed
1 picture; 56 Perry pictures; shades for eight windows. Had the
: windows arranged so room could be ventilated, paying entire cost
of material and labor.
2; Teacher's chair and desk and rural library were secured.
^ Two framed pictures, a globe, soap, towels, and two door
ml . scrapers were contributed.
5 Washed eight windows and scoured the floor.
Of Cut down 15 trees and laid off a play ground; planted flowers,
^ shrubs, etc.
^ More than one hundred stumps were removed by the pupils.
The course of the road was changed to run bv the front of the
2; Walk was laid off.
Money was raised for a supplementary library.
There are nine active members of the association exclusive of
pupils, with Mrs. J. W. Penny, President.
Miss Claire Turner was the teacher.
District No. 4, St. Mary's Township
Awarded one of the second prizes — teacher's desk and chair
worth $17.50, given by Royal & Borden.
Amount raised, $47.28.
Means : Entertainment, box party, ice cream party.
This amount was raised to improve the old house and to buy
new desks. As the little fund grew the need for a new school-
house seemed more and more apparent. By the close of the term
$750.00 had been subscribed by the community, and a plan selected
for a $1,600.00 building. The county will give the desks for the
new building, and the Betterment Association, of which Miss
Sarah Stancil is president, can use the $47.28 to beautify the
house and grounds.
Page Fifty ,^'g'*'
District No. i, Mark's Creek Township
Amount raised, $182.80.
Means : Prize party ; box party ; contributions from teachers
and pupils, including ten dollars for labor given.
Yard was cleaned and windows were washed.
Flower garden was plowed and laid off.
Bought : Eight framed pictures, window shades, zinc to replace
dirt boxes under stoves, hat and cloak racks, chandelier, two
lamps, two rugs, etc.
Miss Marie Moss was president of the Association.
Mr. K. H. Mclntyre was principal of the school.
District No. 2, Mark's Creek Township
Awarded year's subscription to Nezvs and Observer, offered by
Mr. Josephus Daniels.
Amount raised, $38.20.
Means : Two box parties, play, contributions.
Bought: Shades for 14 windows, chair for teacher, two framed
pictures, two hanging lamps, curtain for stage.
Cleared away undergrowth around the building and plowed the
Rearranged grounds by transplanting trees and laying off cir-
Planted about twenty-five flower plants, four trees, and a scup-
Washed 16 windows.
Mrs. Eli T. Scarboro is president of the Association.
The teachers are Miss Annie Pulley and Miss Hattie May
Framed pictures were awarded to Apex and Wilbon ; a year's
subscription to The North Carolina Booklet to Mt. Moriah; to
each of the following schools, a year's subscription to The Progres-
sive Farmer: Nos. i, 4, and 7, House Creek Township; No. i,
Cedar Fork Township; No. 3, St. Matthew's Township; No. i,
Panther Branch Township.
Page Fifty -one
'The sedges Haunt their harvest.
A distinctive form of educational activit_\- in the county last
winter was the school social. For popular gatherings no place is
better than the schoolhouse, and no chaperones are better than
the fathers and mothers.
Our school officers and teachers have recognized these facts ;
and by allowing the schoolhouse to be used for public entertain-
ments, they have made it the center of the community's social life
and interests. Incidentally, much money has been raised for
Often the entertainment was in the form of ice-cream suppers,
oyster suppers, or box parties, thougii not infrequently guessing
and voting- contests afforded much amusement and some revenue.
For the box parties, the young ladies of the community ar-
ranged boxes and baskets of things good to eat. Sometimes
they prepared them at home ; sometimes they purchased them
and filled them with fruits, candies, and other delicacies. These
refreshments were sold to the highest bidders, and the young
man who purchased a box or basket invited the young lady who
gave it to share its contents. Her name was found inside on a
slip of paper, but the buyer in some occult fashion usually learned
before making the purchase what name he would find.
An attractive appearance always added to the sale-value of
these parcels. The addition of a big ribbon bow often made a
Following are a few of the more successful of these school
socials, with the amount of money raised :
Wendell — 1 prize party $100 . 05
1 box party 43.50
Eagle Rock— 2 box parties 30 . 00
1 play 7.45
Cade Springs — 1 entertainment 22. 12
1 box party 7 . 88
1 ice-cream supper 13 . 53
Wilbon — 2 entertainments and 1 oyster supper 60. 11
Samaria — 1 box party ■ 16 . 00
Ebenezer — 2 box parties 4 . 98
Mt. Hermon — 1 entertainment 6 . 75
Oak Hill— 1 box party 12.10
Dutchman — 1 entertainment 16 . 00
Fuquay Springs — 1 entertainment and 1 oyster supper 88 . 00
Holly Springs — 1 oyster supper and box party 35.68
1 birthday party 12 . 54
1 play 21 . 10
1 boys' minstrel IS . 05
Turner School — 1 entertainment 6.25
Total $480 . 59
Q I I ill' 111
Wendeli^ Graded School
WHITE SCHOOL DATA, 1906-'07
ScHooT.s AND Teachers
Barton's Ckeek Township:
No. 1, C. E. Edwards, E. S. Edwards
No. 2, Mrs. E. W Brogden (a)
No. 2, Mattie Nichols (b)
No. 3, Essie L. Burt
No. 6, G. L. B. Penny
No. 7, Mrs. S. W. Thompson
No. 1, Beatrice Council
No. 2, Sankie Gilbert
No 1, W. G. Crowder
No. 2, A. P. P.Jones, E. E. Rollins
Cedar Fork Township:
No. 1, M. M. Kollins, Ida Thompson
No. 2, G. J. Green, Mrs. G.J. Green
No 3, E. Walton
Holly Springs Township:
No. 2, R. A. Burt, Clyde Holt
No 3, Delcie Collins
No. 4, J. C. Utiey, Mamie Burt
No. 5, Lillian Markham
House Creek Township:
No. 1, Alma Sorrell
No. 2, Cora McC. Morgan
No. 3, Mrs. C. B. Smith
No. 4, Metta G. GuUey
No. 5, Mrs. Sarah E. Bledsoe
No. 6, J. E. Dowd, Eula Baucom
Little River Township:
No. 1, Oscar Caudill (a)
No. 1, Lessie Weathers (b)
No. 2, Allie Weathers
No. 3, Birdie D. Baker
No. 4, W. O. Beazley, W. S. Beazley, Mary A.
Craig, Ella S. Pippin
No. 6, Florence Powell
Mark's Creek Township :
No. 1, K. H. Mclntyre, Marie Moss, Jennie Hester
No. 2, Annie Pulley, H. M. Weathers
No. 3, Ettie Avent
No. 4, Mamie I aker
No. 5, Mrs. Lela M. Horton
No. 6, A. R. Hodge, Jr.
WHITE SCHOOL DATA, 1906-'07— Contioued
Schools and Teachers
Middle Creek Township:
Xo. 2. Ada Xorris. Kate Maynard (a) 110
No. 2, ]\Iamie Lee A vent (b) 110
No. 3, A. A. Crater, Alice Taylor . | 160
No. 4, Vallie Adams 1 no
No. 6. A. E. Sorrell ' 95
Neuse River TowNsiiii':
No. 1, Mrs. Lillian B. Simmons 140
No. 2. Ora A. Taylor 120
No. 3, Mrs. Alice M. Reddish 144
New Light Towxshii' :
No. 1, Elizabeth T. Kelly -.. | 88
No. 2, Nora Wlieeler 100
No 3, W. J. Simpson i 100
No. 4, W. D. Ray I 120
No. 5, Annie Bell Woodlief 1 120
No. 6, Alice E. Ray I 107
No. 7. D. H.Stallings ' 120
Oak Crove Township: J
No. 1, H. ,T. Sorrell I 105
No. 2, L. Olivia Parhain(a) 100
No. 2. A. C. VVeatherly(b) ^ 115
Panther Branch Township:
No. 1, Marv Williams II31
No. 2. Alice Bryan, Jessie Turner
No. o, Adelaide Stephenson
No. 4, Ruth C. Taylor
No. 5, Mamie Lane Taylor (a)
No. •"). Mrs. Mary Person Cooper (b) 120
St. 31ary's Township:
No. 2, Nannie A. Penny
No. 4, Sarah Stancil
No. ."), Will Francis, OHie Stegall(a)
5, Willie Staley(b)
6, Stella Johnson
St. Matthew's Township:
No. 1. Catherine E. Vernon
No. 2, Lucy M. Powell
No. 3, D. R. Green
No. 4, Mrs. J. F. Keith
No. '), Vernia England
48 f 29
WHITE SCHOOL DATA, 1906-'07— Continued
Schools and Teachers
Swift Ceeek Township:
No. 1, Ernie Booker, Allie Ogburn
No. 2, T. C. Council, May Adams
No. 8, Claire Turner
No 4, Annie Terry
No. 5, W. W. Utlev
No. 6, J. P. Goodwin
No. 7, Mary Woodward
No. 8, Elsie Griffin
Wake Forest Township :
No. 1, MaryJarman, Edith Taylor, Marie Lankford,
No. 2, Pearle Harpjer, Ida Winstead
No. 3, Tiliie Goldie Ranes
No. 4, Rubv L. Britt
No. 5, W. F. Hodge
No. 6, L. N. Ranes, Laurie Kedford
White Oak Township :
No. 1, J. H. Campen, Minnie Franklin
No. 2, Alice K. Kawlev, M. M. Mitchell
No. 4, T. H. Barbee-_"_
No. 5, A'iola Maynard
No. 6, Hattie Lee Upehurch
No. 8, M. B. Forbes
No. 9, A. T. Holleman
COLORED SCHOOL DATA, 1906-'07
Baeton's Creek Township:
No. 1, F. P. Tharpe
No. 2, Sylvia C. Thornton
No. 3, Glovenia Mayo
No. 4, Hattie B. Love
No. 1, Candaee Rice
No. 2, Lucy J. Royster
No. 3, Thomas Morrison
No. 1, Blanche A. Blake
No. 2, W. B. Hunter, M. A. Height
Cedar Fork Township:
No. 1, Ada Ruffin
No. 2, Flossie E. Burroughs
COLORED SCHOOL DATA, 1906-'07— Continued
Schools and Teachers
Holly Springs Township:
No. 1, Alice E. Carring'ton
No. 2, S. F. Turner, Mag-gie Edwards
No. 3, Tempie' H. Howell
Hous Creek Township :
No. 1, Nannie AV. Fuller, Lula J. Peace, Nellie
No. 2, Annie Debnam
No. ;!, .Tolin H. Harp
No. 5, Nannie J. Chavis
No. 6, VV. H. Kay
Little River Township :
No. 1, Moliie Alston ___ __
No. 2, Mary N. Watson, Joshua Jones
No. 3, Bertha R. Perry
No. 4, S. H. High, Cecilia Fuller
Mark's Crekk Township:
No. 1, Pattie A. Hi^rh
No. 8, Nora L. Wilder
No. 5, Thomas J. Foster, Lee Metta TerrelL
Middle Creek Township:
No. 1, Maggie V. Birdsall
No. 2, Antoinette H. Clanton
No. 3, Mary F. Sims
No. 4, Sarah J. Peddy
Neuse River Townsnip:
No. 1, Allie L. Banks
No. 2, I. C. High, .Ir., Rosabelle Birdsall
No. 3, James A. AVatkins
New Light Township:
No. 1, Dicy B. Chavis(a)---
No. 1, Georgia E. Cooke (b)
No. 2, Minnie L. Brooks ._-
No. 3, Robert B. Eatjn
Oak Grove Township :
No. 1, Sarah J. Pratt
No. 2, R. E. Steptoe
Panther Branch Township:
No. L Fannie J. Sims
No. 2, Alice B. Ellerbee
No. 3, Carrie T. Mial
113 70 34
115 116 103
120 79 54
140 159 128
COLORED SCHOOL DATA, 1906-'07— Continued
Schools and Teachers
St. Mary's Township:
No. 1, W. A Jones, Parthenia Day
No. 2, Christine C. Perry
No. 4, Lizzie B. Foster
No. 5, Leah H. Gorham
No. 6, Fidelia Adams
St. Matthew's Township:
No. 1, B. M. Montague, Nannie Staneill
No. 2, John G. Dunn. Sarah Townes
No. 3, C. S. High, Blanche High
No. 4, Mabel Young
No. 5, R. H. Peace
Swift Creek Township:
No. 1, Ada C. Holland
No. 3, J. Y. Hackney, E. E. Whitaker
Wake Forest Township :
No. 1, Sarah C. Johnson, M. Braswell, Eliza Haw
No. 2, Minnie B. Flagg, Mattie Jeffreys
No. 3, F. R. Freeman, Mary A. Outlaw
No. 4, M. Lillian Braswell, Lydia Whitaker
White Oak Township:
No. 1, M. W. Brown, Candace Rice
No. 3, Annie E. Bunch
®J)e Count? ^igJ) ^cf)ool£(
Under the provisions of an act of the General Assembly of
1907, the County Board of Education established at Gary, April
3, 1907, the first county high school in the State of North Garo-
lina. To secure this school, the stockholders of Gary High
School sold to the county for $2,750.00 their entire plant, worth
about $6,000.00. While this report is in preparation, improve-
ments are being made which will increase the valuation of this
property to more than $8,000.00.
Gary has a population of only 508 ; but it contains much tax-
able property. The special tax of the district for the year 1907-
'08 will be $1,888.51. The entire fund for this school will be a
little less than $4,500.00 annually.
The Old Pitbt.ic School Building Ai Oary
Wake Gounty is entitled to three other public high schools, and
the greatest interest and activity is being shown in the efifort to
secure the location of them. The women of Holly Springs have
been canvassing that section of the county to get a large petition
asking for one of these schools. As a special inducement for
the Board's placing the high school for the southern part of the
county at Holly Springs, the people offer a new six-room brick-
veneered building erected at a cost of $7,270.15. of which amount
they subscribed about $3,500.00. Other places showing marked
interest in the high schools are Fuquay Springs, Garner, Bay
Leaf, Rolesville, Wendell, Wakefield, and Zebulon.
Touching the high schools, I may be pardoned for allowing this
report to go a little beyond July i, in order to record the action of
the succeeding- Board of Education in locating the remaining
three public high schools at Bay Leaf, Holly Springs, and Wake-
Ion. The contest for the latter was especially spirited. It re-
sulted in a compromise ; and the school will be built between the
two small villages of Wakefield and Zebulon, which are hardly
more than a mile apart. Citizens and friends of these places
donated ten acres of land as a school site, and $8,000.00 for the
In addition to the above, Raleigh has a high school which, under
the principalship of Mr. Hugh Morson, has done excellent work
since its establishment in 1905. A sixteen-thousand-dollar build-
ing for this school is now in process of erection, and will be
ready for occupancy early in April.
"North Carolina possesses every element of wealth excepting skilled labor
and technical knowledge. Give her these and she will become the garden-
spot of the earth." Presidext Geo. T. Winstox,
Agricultural and Mechanical College of North Carolina.
Life lies before vis as a large quarry lies before the architect; he deserves
not the name of an architect except when out of this fortuitous mass he
can combine with the greatest economy and fitness and durability some
form, the pattern of which originated in his spirit. — Goethe.
The youth who does not look up will look down; and the spirit that does
not soar is destined perhaps to grovel.- — Disraeli.
NORTH CAROLINA STATE LIBRARY.
' For Nature beats in perfect tune.'
Page Sixty -five
Colored School, No 6, House Creek Township
Shotwell Colored School, Mark's Creek Township
Colleger in Mafee Count?
At first it was intended that this report should mention only the
public schools of the county, but it seems fit in this connection to
make a brief statement of the advantages for college and business
education ofifered by the colleges in Wake.
There are five colleges for the academic training of white boys
and girls, as follows :
Wake Forest College
Agricultural and Mechanical College
Baptist University for Women
St. Mary's School
Two Business Colleges :
King's Business College
Draughon's Business College
Oi 3 01
Two institutions offer insti-uction in the higher branches
of study to the colored youth :
St. Augustine School
1, 324, 309
Note.- — The above figures were furnished by the heads of the
OTafec Jf orEs:t College
Wake Forest, the oldest college in North Carolina, was estab-
lished in 1834, and for four years was conducted as a Manual
Labor School. In 1838 it was chartered as a college. Since that
date it has graduated 1,077 men. The number of graduates last
year was 52 and the enrollment was 371.
The college has seven buildings, including a Gymnasium and
Hospital. The value of the buildings and grounds is $188,925.00;
and the endowment is $300,000.00, aggregating $488,925.00.
Eighteen professors, six instructors, and six assistants give in-
struction in the sixteen departments of the college. Four degrees
are conferred, — Bachelor of Arts, requiring four years; Master of
Arts, five ; Bachelor of Science, four, which may include two years
in medicine ; Bachelor of Laws, three, including Law and Political
The College Library contains eighteen thousand volumes and
the best current literature. All students have free access to the
Wake Forest has been closely identified with the public schools
of North Carolina. Twenty per cent of the County Superinten-
dents, two State Superintendents, and a large number of the
teachers received their training at Wake Forest. The college lays
stress on the obligation of its men to the public, and large numbers
of her sons are entering the service of the State. The famous
Literary Societies offer excellent training for such service. So
important is the work of these Societies in the view of the Trustees
and Faculty that all other student orders or fraternities are for-
Living expenses and special fees at Wake Forest have always
been moderate. Young men of character who are prepared to do
college work are welcomed. It is urged that students complete
the full high school course before seeking admission to the College.
Those who present certificates from accredited high schools are
admitted to the college classes without examination. Aid toward
meeting expenses may be secured from the Students' Aid Fund, of
which Dr. Walter Sikes is Treasurer. General correspondence
mav be addressed to President W. L. Poteat.
^. & iW. CoUcgc
The College is beautifully located in the western suburbs of
Raleigh, a mile and a quarter from the State Capitol.
The purpose of the College is to furnish industrial education in
the followmg subjects: Agriculture, Civil, Mechanical, Electrical
and Mmmg Engineering, Industrial Chemistry, and Cotton Manu-
facturing. It is well equipped for instruction in all these lines,
ownmg 675 acres of land with suitable farm buikKngs, also labora-
tories, drawing-rooms, work-shops, power-houses, electric plants,
and other similar equipment. There is a model cotton mill, fully
equipped for instruction in carding and spinning, weaving and
designing, dyeing and other textile work.
The courses of instruction offer a combination of practical and
theoretical work, about half the time being devoted to lectures and
recitations, and the other half to work in the shops, laboratories,
drawing-rooms, green-houses, dairies, fields and mills. It is in-
tended to furnish both technical and liberal education. There are
full courses of four years, short courses of one and two years, and
special winter courses of eight weeks. Teachers' courses, for the
special training of rural teachers, include a one-year's course and
a four-weeks' course in May.
The College has a Faculty of forty teachers and five hundred
students; tuition is $45.00 per year; there are 120 scholarsh:ps.
Self-supporting students earn about $6,000.00 annually by work
at the College. There is no room for idlers; the motto of the
College is Work; its rule of conduct for each student is "Do your
work thoroughly day by day; Let others alone; Be a gentleman."
The College is intended to supply the State's need for industrial
workers, managers and promoters to meet the changed conditions
due to the abolition of slavery and the demand for educated skilled
"A century ago education was for the few, and was designed to
equip them for the learned professions ; to-day education is for the
many, and is intended to fit them for life's practical work."
Paiic Sc: ■ciify-f7\.'o
^i)t l^apm mni\itv&itv for OTomen
This institution was established for the purpose of offering to
young women a grade of instruction equal to that given in the
colleges for boys. Its plant consists of six buildings well furnished
and equipped, occupying three acres of ground in the heart of
Raleigh, all appraised at $200,000.00.
It has a Faculty of thirty-four officers and teachers, and oft'ers
instruction in the Arts, Sciences, Philosophy, Music, Art, Elocu-
tion, Business, Pedagogy, and Bible.
The School of Arts, Sciences, and Philosophy employs ten pro-
fessors, two assistants, and two instructors. Heads of depart-
ments, with one exception, teach only one subject each. The
Chemical, Physical, and Biological Laboratories are equipped with
$2,500.00 worth of apparatus.
The School of Pedagogy is open only to Juniors and Seniors,
but a short course is offered for common-school teachers.
The Music School employs eleven teachers, and uses thirty-three
pianos, together with claviers, violins, and a large pipe organ.
The Business School fits capable young women for self-support
by office work.
The Bible School is designed to prepare pupils for better service
in their churches, and counts for the A.B. degree.
The Art School employs two teachers, who give instruction in
Oil and China Painting, and in Applied Design.
In addition to her regular work in Elocution, the head of that
department, with the aid of an expert assistant, directs the training
of the students in Physical Culture.
The school is conducted on the self-government plan, whereby
students largely regulate their own conduct, under the general
direction of the college authorities.
The religious life of the school is nourished and developed partly
by daily chapel exercises and the regular Sunday school and church
services, but mainly by numerous weekly classes for Bible and
Mission study, Personal Worker's Classes, a vigorous Y. W. C. A.,
and daily twilight prayer-meetings.
The school is run at cost as nearly as possible, and nearly one-
half of the boarding pupils save from $50.00 to $60.00 per session
by three-quarters of an hour daily domestic service.
For further information, address R. T. Vann, President, Ra-
leigh, N. C.
St. Mary's School, the Diocesan School for the Episcopal Church
in the two Carolinas, is the oldest of the educational institutions
for women located in Raleigh. It was established in 1842 by Rev.
Aldert Smedes, and was conducted by him and his son, Dr. Bennett
Smedes. for fifty-five years as a private Church school, until its
purchase by the Church in 1897.
St. Mary's is located in the west enci of Raleigh in a beautiful
grove of twenty acres, with the school buildings in the middle of
the grounds, surrounded by beautiful old oak trees and attractive
stretches of campus. The original buildings still form the central
group in the landscape, but they are now sheltered by the newer
buildings, which are being added from time to time as the needs of
the School demand. This arrangement in itself speaks the ideal
for which St. Mary's stands — the conservation of all the best
Southern traditions of the past, modified by the changed conditions
of the present — a blend of the conservative and the progressive.
The spaciousness of the grounds and the convenient grouping of
the buildings, of which there are at present nine, make a strong
impression on the visitor.
St. Mary's maintains an academic course equal in standard to
that of the other colleges for women in the Carolinas, and lays
special stress on the general development of its students. "Special
attention to the social and religious side of Christian education
without slight to academic training" is a slogan of the School.
The Academic Department includes the College, the Preparatory
School and the Primary School ; the Fine Arts Department em-
braces a flourishing Music School, a good Art School, and a young
School of Elocution ; and there is a well-established Business De-
partment, and a newly instituted course in Home Economics
(domestic science and domestic art).
In its present buildings St. Mary's can accommodate 125 board-
ing students and twenty-five teachers. The School is at present
without endowment, but maintains a number of scholarships. The
expenses of the School are moderate, ranging from $275 to $400.
"The people's schools in a State, a county, or a community, can be no
better than the people desire and decree. Upon the people themselves must
largely rest the responsibility of making the schools what they ought to be.
and to the people themselves largely belongs the credit or discredit of what
they are." State Superintendent J. Y. Joyner.
"Education is power, and power is wealth to North Carolina, and encour-
aged by the present results we should press forward to do still more in the
future for the educational broadening of the youth of our State, getting as
we do from such work, a return not only in dollars and cents, but in moral
and mental development, — a high type of useful men and women to be the
future guides and rulers of our people."
Governor R. B. Glenn.
'"The education of the masses is the chief business of the State. No other
work in which the State engages compares with this in beneficial results.
It is the State's only means of securing to every one equal opportunity, and
by equal opportunity I mean the chances to be the thing which God in-
tended each of us to be." Ex-Governor C. B. Aycock.
Uofki Carolina State! LibranJ
The wood was sovran with centennial trees '
GC 379.75655 W146r
Wake County (N.C.). Board of Education.
Biennial report, Wake County Public Scho
3 3091 00202 1202
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IN U. S. A.
I^Z Syracuse, N. Y.
^3 Stockton, Calif.
^^e Co., N. C. Board of Education
Report cof thej .^ake County Public SchooJs