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O F 














RiNiIItmI fts thfActdirecis Sov' j 

[ la ]• 




JPECT and gratitude having en- 
me to compile a memoir of my 
deceafed Mafter and Patron Mr. Bowyer, 
in the fame performance I included anec- 
dotes of all the eminent perfons any way 
connected with him. A note of about a 
' page's length was allotted to Hogarth. 
' While it was printing, Mr. Walpole's 
Fourth Volume on the fubjedt of Englilh 
Painters came out, and was followed by 
an immediate rage for collcdting every 
I icrap of our Artift's defigns. Perfever- 
I ing in my enquiries among my friends, 
Ll had now amalfed fo much intelligence 
I relative to thefe engravings, that it could 
f no longer be crowded into the fituation 
I originally meant for it. I was therefore 
advifed to publilh it in the form of a Iix- 
penny pamphlet. This intended publi- 
cation, however, grew up by d grees into 
a three-fliilling book, and, within a year 
^^L a 2 aad 

O'^. '' . -jR 5 

C iv ] 

Eatf nfrerwards, was fwelled into 
almoft its prefeiit bulk, at the price ot fix 
fbillings. Such was the origin and pro- 
grefs of the following flieets, which, with 
many corretftionsj Sec. have now reached a 
Third Edition. 


Tfov. 10, 1785, 


t V ] 



THE author of thefe imperfedt fheets cannot 
prefcnt them a fecond "time ro the world, before ho 
has cxpreffed his gratitude for the extreme candour 
ivith which they have been treated by the Menthlf 
Rcviezvers. If J. N. ha? hoe availed himfclf of all 
the corrcftions defigned for his fcrvice, it is becaufe 
the able critic who propofes them has been deluded 
by intelligence manifellly erroneous. _/, W. received 
each particular he has mentioned, in refpeil to the 
affillanca beftowed on Higarib while his Anahjis was 
preparing, from Dr. More!!, a gentleman who on that 
fubjcdt could not eafily miftake. Implicit confideuce 
ought rather to be repofed In a literary co.idjutor lu 
the deceafed, than in any confiftory of females that 
ever "mumbled their wifdom over a goffip's bowl." 
Authors rarely acquaint domeftic women with the 
progrefs of their writings, or the projiorrion of aid 
they folicic from their friends. If it were needful 
that Dr. Morell fhould tranflate a Greek paffage * for 
Hogiulh, how chanced it that our artift Ihould wane 
to apply wh:it he did not previoufly underftand ? I 
nuift add, that the feniimenis, puhlilhcd by the 

• Wheresb'iuts is thit tranflaiion of a Cnek paflHge to bs 
found in ihe AnalyQi ? It may have efcaped my re- I 





rvtewer concerning thefe /fnecdotes, bear no rcfetn- 
blaiicc to the opinion circulated by tlie cavillers with 
whom he appears to have had a remote connexion. 
The patties who fumiflied every circumftance on 
which he founds his reiterated charges of error and 
mtfin formation^ are not unknown. Ever fince this 
little work was edited, the people ibout Mrs. Ho- 
garth have paid their court to her by decrying it as 
** low, ftupid, or falfe," without the Jlighteft ac- 
knowledgement for the fums of money it has con- 
duded to The Golden Head in Leicefier Fields. While 
the talents of the writer alone were queftioned by 
fuch inadequate judges of literary merit, a defence 
on his part was quite unneceflary. He has waited, 
however, with impatience for an opportunity of 
making fome reply to their groundlefs rcAeftions on 
his veracity. This purpofe he flatters himfelf will 
have been completely executed after he has ob- 
ferved that all credentials relative to his difputed 
aflertion (hall be ready (as they arc at this moment) 
for the Reviewer's iufpeftion. J. N. cannot indeed 
difmifs his prcfent advertifement without obferving, 
that though the amiable partialities of a wife may 
apologize for any contradiction fuggcftcd by Mrs. 
Hogarth hcrfelf, the EngHJb language is not ftrong 
enough to cxprcfs the contempt he feels in regard 
to The accumulated ceafure both of her male and 
her female ParaCtes. y. N, 

iSW. I, 1782. 

C vu 2 

Advertisement to the first Edition* 

WHEN this pamphlet was undertaken, the 
Author had no thought of fwelling it to it's prefcnt 
bulk ; but communicating his defign to his friends, 
they favoured him with various particulars of in- 
formation. Some of thefe accommodated themfelves 
to his original plan, if he can be luppofed to have 
had any, but others were more intradable. Still 
aware of the value even of disjointed materials, which 
his profeffion would not afford him leifure to com- 
pad into a regular narrative, and confcious that thefe 
fheets, rude and imperfedt as they are, may ferve to 
promote a publication Icfs unworthy of its fubjedt, 
he difmifTes his prefent work without any laboured 
apology for the errors that may be detedted in it ; 
claiming, indeed, fome merit on account of intelli- 
gence, but not the leaft on the fcore of arrangement 
or compofition. He takes the fame opportunity to 
obferve, that many curious anecdotes of extraordi- 
nary perfons have been unfortunately loft, becaufc 
the pofleflbrs of thofe fugitive particulars had not 
the power of communicating them in proper form, 
or polilhed language, and were unwilling to expofe 
them in fuch a ftate as thefe are offered to the world. 

Ah^ 9, 1 78 1. 

a 4 The 


The ingenious Mr. Crayen of Leipzig hav- 
ing tranflated theFirft Edition of thcfe Anec- 
dotes, &c. into the German Language, dif- 
patched a copy of his work to y. N. attended 
by the obliging letter here fubjoined : 

THOUGH I have not the honour of being 
acquainted with you, I hope your goodnefs will ex- 
cufc the liberty I take of fending you a German 
tranilaiion of the Biographical Aiiccdetes of Mr. Ho- 
garth you published. Being convinced of the merits 
of your produdlion, and its ufefulnefs to fuch col- 
Icflors of prints and connoiflcurs in our country as 
don't undcrftand the En^lijb language, I undertook 
this tranllation, and flatter myfelf you will be 
pleafed to accept of it as a proof of my real efteem 
for you. 

You will find, that I did not always adhere lite- 
rally to the original, but made fomc abridgments, 
alterations, notes, &c. &c. But I hope you will do 
me the juftice to confider, that I wrote for my coun- 
trymen, and therefore left out fuch palTages, poems, 


[ ix ] 

anecdotes, &c. $cc. as would have been entirely tin* 
inrerefting to them, and have fwelled the volume to 
no purpofe. 

As to the typographical performance, I think you 
will be tolerably laclsfied of it. Though the noble 
art of printing is of Gennan origin, your nation has 
improved and brought it to the higheft pitch of 
perfection in point of neatnefs, elegance, and cor- 

I remain, with all pofEble efteem. 

Your moft obedient 

Leipzig in Saxony, 
the i^rhjan, 1783. 

and mofl humble fervant, 


t X ] 

1E following are Tranflattons, by a Friend^ 
from the Dedication and Preface to 
Mr. Cr A yen's performance. 


D E D I C.A T I O N. 

To Mr. Gottfried Winkler, in Leipzig. 

Honoured and Worthy Friend, 

PARDON my prcfumption in offering you the 
llcnder fruit of a few leifure hours. Receive it with 
your wonted kindnefs, and judge of it not by the 
trifling value of the work, but by ihe intention of its 
Author, whofe moft zealous wifli has long been to 
find an opportunity of publickly offering yon, how- 
ever fmail, a memorial of his rcfpeit and friend- 

If my labour in adding a mite towards the diffu- 
fion of the knowledge of the Arts, is honoured with 
the approbation of fo enlightened a Connoilfeur, I 
Ihall feel myfelf completely rewarded. 



[ li ] 

Receive at the fame time my fincereft thanks for 
the obliging communication of your Copy of Ho- 
garth's prints, of which, in my translation, I have 
more than once availed myfelf. 

Live, honoured Sir, many days ; happy in the 
bofom of your worthy family, in the circle of your 
friends, and in ihe enjoyment of thofe treafures of 
the Arts you have coliefled with fuch diftingui&ed 
U&e. Remain alfo a friend of 

Yours, &c. 

The Translator, 


To the GzRMAS Reader. 

COIXECTORS of the Fioc Am were already 
polleircil ot Catdsguts and Mfxoires Raijonaees of the 
engraving! of many great maflers, for which their 
ackno'A'lcdgemenis are due to the iaduflry of a 
Ger/aint, ijemiert, a Hec^uet, a VtrtiUf i dc tf^attTf 
&c. Sec 

But a fimilar illuftralion of Hosarth's copper- 
plates was ftill wanting; though it may be aflied 
what works have a juftcr claim to a diflinguifticd 
place in a compleat collcdion, than thole of this 
inflruftive moral painter, this creative genius ? 

On this account, it ts prefumed that the German 
Lover of the Arts will deem himfelf indebted to 
the T(anflator, for giving him, in his own tongue, 
a concife and faithful verfton of a book that has 
lately made its appearance in London, under the 
title of " Biographical Anecdotes of fl'. Hcgarth, 
** and a Catalogue of bis Works chronologically ar- 
*' ranged." 

7 The 



The Compiler as well as Editor of this work h 
Mr. John Nichols, a PriHler and Bvekfvlltr m 
/,'/«</,)», who, bymuch reading, and an intimate ac- 
quaintance with the Arts and Literature of his 
Country, has honourably diftinguiflied himfelf a- 
mong his profeffional brethren. Ho'k modeftly he 
himfelf judges of this his ufeful performance, ap- 
pears from hia preface to the work. 

It is true, Mr. Ko:!ack Walpolr, who pofll-ffes 
perhaps the comple-itcrt collection of the prinrs of 
this Marter, fomc years ago publitlied a Catalogue 
of them -, but this is only to be found in his work, 
intituled, "' Anecdotes of Puitilhg in Eng'.j >uf coUeiied 
*• by G. Vcrtui;, and ■publijktd by U. WalpUi" a per- 
formance confifting of four volumes in 410, too 
coltly for many collcflors, and inconvenient foj 
others. Moreover all that is to be found there re- 
lative to Hogarth, is not only included in Mr. 
Nichh'i publication, but is alfo improved by confi- 
derable additions, fo that the curious reader has H^al- 
pole's Catalogue incorporated with the prefent wotk. 

The liberty of abridgement, as mentioned in thft- 
title, is venrurcd only in regard to fuch diflufe illuf- 
trations, repetitions, anecdotes, and local flories, as 
would be alone intcrcfting to an Etiglijhman; in a word, 
in fuch parts as do not immediately contribute to 
the illuftration of Hogarth's plates, and would have 
tired the patience of the Gtrman reader. Of the verfe* 
affixed to each copper-plate the firft and laft words 
only are given, as thofe afford fufficient indication 



for a coUeilor who wiftics to become acquainted 
wirh any particular print. How far fome remarks 
of the TranQator are ufcful, or otherwife, is left fo 
the indulgent decifion of Judges in the Arts. 

He ttiuft not however forget it is his duty to ac- 
knowledge the goodnefs of old "Mr. Hansen of 
Ltipjig. fhis gentleman's readinel's in permitting 
him to examine his excellent colleftion of the en- 
gravings of 5r//;yl& artifts, for the purpofe of com- 
paring and illuftrati:ig fcveral paffigcs in the origi- 
nal of this work, claims his warmefl thanks, and a 
public acknowledgement. 


Lelpfi^, February 1783. 

The Translator. 


17] ^^^1 

■■ Lift of Gentlemen, Artifts, &c. who furniflied in- ^^| 

V cidental intelligence 

the Author of this WorL ^H 

Mr. Afiiby- 

Mrs. LfztrV. ^H 

Mr. Baftre. 

Mr. Lh'ify. ^M 

l\Tr. Baynes. 

Dr. I:r<. ^^^H 

Mr. 5^/fA<.v— dead. 

Mr. Lym. ^^^H 

Mr. Bindley. 


Mr. Birch. 

Mr. Malme. ^^^^^^H 

Mr. Bt^wle. 

Dr. Mmkbtufi. ^H 

Mr. Braiibiiiaite, 

Or. Mrc/J— dead. ^H 

Mr Bro'^ning. 

Mr. Morrifnn. ^^H 

Lord C:\>rlcmont. 

Mr. Pink'erton, ^H 

Mr. CbarUon. 

Mr. RjT»fr. ^^| 

Mr. Os/f — dead. 

Mr. '-'»•/. ^H 

Mr. Ce/wan. 

Sir 7i>yi™ RtynMs. ^H 

Mr. a.vf. 

Mr. Riihards. ^^H 

Mr. nojpy. 

Mr. K^rrj— dead. ^H 

Pr. Ducaiel — dead. 

Mr. Ru';.;f> ^^H 

Mr. Duncembe, 

Mr. 5/et-rf/ir. ]^^| 

Mr. Edwards. 

Mr. T^^nf. ^^H 

Mr. Fsrrtf/?— dead. 

Mr. -Thuma!. ^H 

Mr. f<f/7f.— dead. 

Mr. 7rrr. ^H 

Mr. Goodifon, 

Mr. WMrm. ^H 

Mrs. GoJ/ing. 

Mr. H'sttcr. ^H 

Mr. Gmp*. 

Mr. 7. C. fKi/i<r. ^H 

Mr. «„//. 

Mr. Pl',,/;;^. ^H 

Sir >/'« Hawkins, 

Dr. Warton, ^H 

Mr. Hendtr/on, 

Mr. »f'o> ^B 

Mrs. Hogarth. 

Mr. (F./tS— dead. ^H 

Dr. i/ttn/fr— dead. 

Mr. Wbalily. ^H 

Mr. ^. /;-f/a«</. 

Mr. A. H^rr. ^1 

pr. JoAn/o/j— dead 

Mr. H. IVbiie. ^M 

Mr. A'fjj/f. 

Mr. IVilkei. ^H 

Eilhop of A'//(?/«. 

Mr. l\'ili'iams. ^^^ 

Mr. Lans. 

Dr. Hrif*(. ^B 



Mr. Ayton *. 
Mr. Bedford, 
Mr. Bellamy. 
Mr. Clare. 
Mr. Crickitt. 

Dr. DuCAREL-f-. 

Lord Exeter. 

Mr, Foster J. 

Mr. GooDisoN. 

Mr. GuLSToN. 

Sir John Hawkins, K'. 

Mr. Henderson |j. 

Mr. Ireland. 

Dr. LoRT. 

Mr. Morrison. 

Mr. Rogers $. 

Mr, Steevens. 

Mr. Walpole. 

Mr. WiNDHAMf. 

• Hit collection wa» cut up, and fold at Dicki«feB*s, Nn» 
Stnd Street. 

f Died May it), 178;. His colleflion devDlrcs to hia Nephew 
snd Heir, Mr. Ddcarel, lately retumeii from The Eafi JitJm, 

J Died Oa. 3, 178J. His-Jinproved culleaion fold at Bar- 
ferj't auflion rooms, laic Langforifs, March 4, 1783, for 
jf. 105. Mr. Crickitt was tlicPiirchafcr. 

II Mr. H^NDEKsoH fold his colle^ion lo Sir Jdhk Elliot 
for/. 116. in AfTtlx-fi^. 

^ Died January a, 1784. Hii collci^ioti remaliH with hia 

Ktphew and Heir, Mr. Coi 


fl The Right Hon. mUiam ffuidbam, M. P. for Ntrw!cb. 


[ xvii 3 

Extrad from the Daily Advertiser^ 

January 27, I783# 


^' AS an opinion generally prevail?, that the genuine 
impreffions of HogartVs works are very bad, and the 
plates retouched ; Mrs. Hogarth is under the neceffity 
of acquainting the public in general, and the ad- 
mirers of her deccafed hufband's works in particular, 
that it has been owin^ to a want of proper attention 
in the conducing this work for fome years paft, that 
the imprefions in general have not done juftice to 
the condition of the plates ; and fhe has requefted 
fome gentlemen moft eminent in the art of engrav- 
ing/ to infpei^ the plates, wiio have given the fol- 

lowing opinion ; 

^ London^ Jan. 21, 1783. 

** We, whofe names are underwritten, having care- 
fully examined the copper-plates publilhed by the 
late Mr. Hogarth^ are fully convinced that they hf viJ 
Slot been retouched lince hU death. 



* Died Miy 23, 1785. 

+ Executed ^</^., 29, lySj, 

b " N. B. 

> .. 

[ xviii ] 

' N. B. All* the original works arc now properly 
and well printeJ, and to be had of Mrs. Hogarth, at 
her houfe at The Golden Head, in Leicefter-FUldi." 

This is one of the mod extraordinary tcftimonials 
ieverla\d before the public. Hogarth died in 1764. 
Since [hat time his plates have been injudicioufly 
and unmercifully worked, fo as to leave no means 
of afcertaining, through any obfcrvaiion or proccfs 
of art, the exa£t period when they were laft repair- 
qd. Notwithftanding this difficulty, in the year 
1783, we 6nd feveral engravers of eminence declar- 
ing their full conviftlon on the fubjeft. All we can 
do is. to fuppofc their confidence was grounded on 
the veracity of Mrs. Hcgarth. 1 believe the parties 
as to the h€t ; and yet It was impoffiblc for Meflieurs 
B. W. and R. to be adequate judges of the truth to 
which they have fct iheir names as witnefles. 

* By *' *// ihe original works," Mrj. tjegarih mean* only 
fuch plates as arc in her pniTcllion. See page xx, where a great 
munbcr of others, equally original, are tounil. 


fnnU fmiii/k J fylAr. Hog AKTU: GenuimlmfnJlums* tf which 
tfr« /tf 3^ ^tf^tf/ Mrs. Hog AR T u*8 //<»j^ /« Leiccfler Fields, 1 782. 
Size of the Plates 1. 

16^ Inches by 14 Frootifpiece 


XSJ by 111 
16 by 14 

18 by 15 

19 by 15I 
l6| by 13 
t8| by 1^ 
16 by 14 
x6 by 14 
18 by 14 
^o| by i6| 
18 by II 
2o\ by 16 
aoi by i6f 
22 by 17 

19I by 12 
14 by io| 
14 by 9 
lof by 8§ 
12 by8i 

14 by io| 
.9 by. 8 
6il)y 7f 
12 by 8| 

15 by 13 

I J by ijj 
9 by 8 
17 by 13 
12I by 9 
xo by IX 

Harlot's Progrefs, fix prints x 

Rake's Progrefs, eight prints 2 

Marriage a-la-mode, fix prints x 

Four Trmes of the Day, font prints x 

Before and After, two prints o 

Midnight Converfation o 

DidrefsM Poet o 

Enraged Muficiaa o 

Seuthwark Fair o 

Cinrrick \n Y.\ug RicbarJ 111. o 

Calais^ or theRoaft Beef of Old England o 

Paul before Felix o 

Ditto, with Alterations o 

M^es brought to Pharaah^s Daughter o 

Mar,ch to Finchky o 

Strolling AdrelTes drefling in a Barn o 

Four Prints of an Ele^on 2 

Bi(bop of Winchejier o 

Idlenefs and Induftry, X2 prints o 

Lord Lovat o 

Sleeping Congregation o 

Conn try -Inn Yard o 

Paul before Felix^ Remirani o 

Various Characters of Heads o 

Cotumhus breaking the ^gg o 

The Bench o 

Beer Street and Gin Lane^ two prints o 

■ Four Stages of Cruelty, four prints o 

Two Prints of an Invafion o 

A Cock Match o 

The Five Orders of Periwig? o 

The Medley o 

The Times o 

JVilkes o 

Bruifcr o 

Finis o 





If^B, Any perfon purchalingthe whole together ipav have them de- 
livered bound, at the Price of Thirteen Guineas ; a iufiicient Margin 
will be left for framing.— The Analysis of Beauty, in Quarto, 
may alfobe had, with two explanatory Prints, Price 15 Shillings. 

# Cnuint laDpreflions— ] Qgery^tbe meaniogof fuch an epithet in this place ? 

b Z Cre- 

[ « ] 

Crediie Po/lerU 

In the years 1781, 1782, &c. the following Pieces of Hog ah th 
are known to have been fold at the prices annexed. 

Lord B(^e. 5 

Charmcn of the Age« 5 

Bootby fyUhf &c. 5 

DifGOvcry. 3 

Altar-piece, i 

Bich'j Gfory. 4 

Btaver^i Military Pun. 3 

Biack^$/ilti Figures. i 

Boyt peeping, &c. i 

Jpniiius, I 

B€tr Stnet wkh Vartat. 1 

X>arge Hudibrms. ,5 

Inarch to FincbUy Aq. 

F. Proof. % 

Do. fini(baly without 

letters. $ 

Feaoon. R< for Kicb, III. i 
Power of AttT. f. Hofp, 1 
Orator HiniQ. i 



Jacobite's Journal. 
Jiutitb and Hokpbtrtiii, 
Smrab Malcolm. 
Larse Mafquerade. 
Small, lirfi impreflioD. 
Scots Opera. 
Woman fweariog, &c. 
Lady Btrom, 
Hogarti with Dof 
Do. Serjeant Painter. 
Do. icratchcd over. 
Pirjeui and Amdromida. 
Firft Diftrcft Poet. 
Do. Enraged Muficiau. 

Beoch, 61ft fifipreinon. 
Bxrlingtn GaU, 





1 1 















































Samcko at Dinner. i 

Firft Eicdion. 3 

Fair. 1 

Farmer's Return. o 

GuUivtr. o 

//tfirrar^yproof imprelDon. i 
Hfgarib, Eng' ,Shop Bill . i 






Coat of Arms, Sir G. 

Fagtt &c. 
Times, 6rft impreiCoQ. 
Mafterof the Vineyard. 
rurk*s Head. 
Harlot's Progrcfs, firft 

impreffioQ, red. 10 

Marriage Alasnode. 3 
Rake's Progrefs. 4 

Four Times » 2 

Prentices, I ft impreffion. 4 
£le£(ions, ift impreftion. 6 
Gmrrick in Ricb. III. 1 
Gate of Calais^ o 

Pmul hurlefaticd, i 

Scrolling Aorcfles. 1 

Three additional Prints 

to BemvfT^ ice. 1 

MUward'j Ticket. 4 

Mulic introduced te 

Amelia. I 

MarttM /'#/<lir/,meziociatoo 
SpiUer's Ticket. 5 

Two Plates to MiUoK, % 
Front ifpiece to Livt' 

ridg**s Songs. t 

Concert. St, Marys 

Chapel. 5 





















% • 

1 o 

2 O 

% o 





1 o 

4 o 

ft 4 

10 6 

5 « 

X o 

IS 6 

S « 


C I 1 



THIS gf eat and original Genius is faid by Dr« 
Burn^ to have been the defccndant of a family 
originally from Kirkby Thore^ in Wefimor eland : and I 
am affured that his grandfather was a plain yeoman, 
who poffefled a fmall tenement in the vale of Bomp^ 
toiij a village about 15 miles North of KenJal^ in 
that county. He had three fons. The eldeft affifted 
his father in farmings and fucceeded to his little free- 
hold. The fecond fettled in Troutbeck^ a village 
eight miles North Weft of Kendaly and was remar- 
kable for his talent at provincial poetry -f*. The 


* Hiftory of Weftmor eland ^ Vol. I. p. 479. 

t " I muil leave you to the annals of Fanne/* fays Mr# 
V<Atr^ the ingenious Lciflurer on Natural Philofophy, who 
flavoured me with thefe particulars, *' for the reft of the 
** anecdotes of this great Genius ; and fiiall endeavour to 
" flicwyou, that his family pofTefTed fimilar talents, but they 
" were deftined, like the wild rofe, 

• To wiifte their fweetnefs in the defart air.* 
" Happy (hould I be to refcue from oblivion the name of Aid 
*^ Hogart^ whofc fongs and quibbles have fo often deligh fd 
** my childhood ! Thefe fimple llrains of this mountain Tl^etf 
" crltus were fabricated while he Jield the plough, or was 
" leading his fewel from the hills. He was as critical an ob- 
** ferver of nature as his nephew, for the narrov/ ticld he had 
" to view her in : not an incident or an abfurdity in tlie ncigh- 
** bourhood efcaped him. If any one was hardy ■ •. ugh to 
" break through any decorum of old and eil^iblilhed repute ; 

B '' if 

C « ] 

third, educated at St. Bee's^ who had kept a fchool 
in the fame county, and appears to have a man of 


** if any one attempted to orcr-rcach his neighbour, or caft a 
^ leering trye ar his wife; he was fuie to heir himfeif fiing 
*• oirer the whole parifli, nay, to the very boundaries of the 
** ffrfimcnJaMj d\2L\c^ \ to that his fongs were faid to have a 
** greater effed on tbe manners of his neighbourhood, than 
•* even the Urmons of the parfon himfeif. 

** But his poeiical talents were not confined to the tneidentf 
** of his village. 1 myfeif have had the honour to bear a 
** part in one of his plays (1 fay onff for there are fcvcral of 
** chem extant in MS. ia the mountains of Weftmorelamd at this 
•* hour). This plfy was called « The Deftmaion of Tr^/ 
*' It was written in metre, much in the manoer of Lofex de 
**^yega^ or the ancient /V^iwifr drama; the unities were not 
too (Iriflly obferved, for the iiege of ten years was all re* 
prefented ; every hero was in the piece ; fo that the Dra-^ 
matis Pcricnz confined cf every lad of genius in the whole 
pariQi. The wooden horfe — HeHor dragged by the heels— 
•* the fury of DUmed- — the flight of JEneas — and the burning 
*• of the city, were all reprefented. 1 remember aot what 
*^ Fairies had to do in all this ; but as 1 happened to be about 
*^ three fret high at the time of this flill-talkcd-of exhibition^ 
I perfonatcd one of theie tiny beings. The flage was a fa- 
brication of boards placed about fix feet high, on ftrong. 
•* pofts I the green -re cm was partitioned off with the fame 
**• marei iais ; it*s cidir;g was the azure canopy of heaven ; 
'* and the boxes, pit, and galleries, were laid into one by the 
•* Great Author of Nature, for they were the green (lope of 
** a fine hill. Dcf^ifc not, rc^ider, this humble flate of the 
•• provincial drama ; let me tell you, there were more fpeAa- 
*• tors, for thice days together, than your three theatres itt 
** J,ct.tLM would hold ; and let me add, flill movt to your 
cont'i.ficn, that you never law an audience half fo* wdX- 

Tne exhihirion was bctpm with a grand pfoceilio!), fronv 
" the villapc to a great fti^ne (dropt by the Devil about a: 
•* quarter of a mile off, when he tried in vain to ered ar 
•* bridge acrofs Jflndfrarrr ; fo the people, unlike the reft of 
•* the world, have remained a ven* good fort of people evef 



ibftic learning, went earjy to London^ 'whete he fci 
liimed hi^ original dcciipatidii of a fcHooI-inaffer iii 

•• fiocQ. 1 hf the proceffion was Ifcgnn by. tKe mitiftrcU or 
•* five panfhcs, and were followed by a yeoman on b,ull-bac]c 
" — jron ftare ! — ftop then tilf I Jnforttf you tHzt this adept 
*/ had fofaf civil ifed h'is bull, that he wbUld fuffcrihe ycomaif 
^ tooDpudt his back, arid even to play upon his £ddle there* 
** The inarlagers befought Hiixi to join theprocefliofl; but th<5 
** bully not being accuftomed to n)ujt:h company; ani^ parti*' 
" cularly f6 miicK applaufe ; whether he was intoxicated witfaf 

)i\ of 

... P' 

'* tail, andv like another Earofd^ cafried o^ th^ affrighted 
^ yeoman and his .fiddle, over hedge and ditch ^ till he arrived 
'* at his own* field. . This accideift rathe^ infiam6d> than de-! 
" pnelled the good humour ariOd^ itoiH the proceffion | and. 
** t& clown, of jack-pud^ing of the pieces aVaifc^ himfelf 
I ib well of ttM incident,^ tb'it the lunss arid fibs of t6e fpec* 
** tators we^ in m'snlfeft danger^ This chara^ef was the 

V inoft i^hpoHan't perfonage iti the whole {>lay t ibr his office: 
** was to tufif the nioft ferious parts of the' drama itxto bur- 

V ie^iue and ridicule: he was acbt^pound of Harle^ium and 

V the Merry Andrew, of father the Arch- fool oif our ancient 
** kings. His drefs was a white jacket,' covered wfth bulls^' 
**. bear8, birtfs, fifli/ &c. put in various coloured cloth; . Hia 

V trowfefs were decorated* in like manner, afld huiig' rounc( 
*.* with imall bells ; and his pap was that of Folly,* decorated 
*.* with bell8j' aid an otter's brufh impendmg. The lath f^Vord 
? muft be of gfeat afitiquity iti this liland,' for it has beea 
^ the appendage of a jack-pudding ib the rnbuhtains (Si Weft* 
** mreldnd time but of mind. 

" The play was opened by Chfs chara^ef with a lorig^ 
I! which' an^eted the double pufpofe of a ptay-bill and k 
^* prologue^ for his ditty ga^e the audience aforetafte of th^ 

V hieful incident! they were abdtft fo behofd ; , and it Called 

V out the adtors/ one by on'e,' t<j' lihakc the fpcrators ac-. 
'* quatnt^d with their names ana 6hafa6!efs^' v^alkhig found 
7 and routid till the whole J>ramatfs Ferfboai rtfiaid^ one great 
•* tflfefclt on the ftagc. Thie audience being* thus become a*^-;^ 

if X *< quaih^cd 

[ 4 :i 

Ship-Court in The Old Bailey, and was occafionally 
employed as a corredkor of the prcfs. A Latin let- 
ter, from Mr. Richard Hogarth, in 1697 (preferved 
among the MSS. in The Britijb Mufeum, N® 4^77* 
50.) relates to a book which had been printed . 
with great expedition. But the letter fhall fpeak for 

A Diftio- 

** quaintcd with the aftors, the play opened with Far'n run- 
^* ningaway with Hglen^ and Menelaus fcampering after them; 
•* then followed the death of Patroclus^ the rage of Achilles^ 
** the pcrfuafions of UlyJJes^ &c. &c. and the whole interlarded 
*^ with apt fongs, both ferious and comic, all the produ6tioa 
** of Aid Hogaru The bard, however, at this time had been 
** dead fome years," and I believe this F^te was a Jubilee to 
'^ his memory ; but let it not detract from the invention of 
** Mr. Garrick^ to fay that his at Stratford was but a copy of 
** one forty years ago on the banks of Windirmere* Was it 
** any improvement, think yon, to introduce feveral hulls into 
** the proceffion inflead of one? But I love not comparifons, 
•* and fo conclude. Yours, &c. Adam Walker.** 

However Aid Hogard might have fucceeded in the dramatic 
line, and before a rudic audience, his poems of a different 
form are every way contemptible. Want of grammar, metre, 
fenfe, and decency, are their invariable chara^teriftics. This 
opinion is founded on a thorough examination of a whole 
bundle of them, tranfmitted by a friend fince the firft publi- . 
cation of this work. 

* ** Vir Clariflime, ExcuiTo Malplghto intra fcx vel pluri- 
^^ mumfeptemfeptimanas tetamen per totuminconfulco, culpa 
** eft in Bibliopolam confercnda, qui adeo fedinanter urgebat 
** opus ut moras nedtere nequivimus, Utiit fit, tamen mihimet 
** adulor inc fatis refte authoris & verba & men tern cepiiTe 
** (diligenter cnim no^cs atque dies opere incubui ne tibi vei 
*' ulH rcgiorum tuorum fodalium molellus forem). Rudiora 
^* tamen (quorum fpecimen infra exhibcre placuit) & Italico* 
•* Latina^ juxta prxceptnm tuurii, fmlVa feci , aliter fi fccif- 
^* fern, totus fere liNer mutationem futiiiTet. Authorem tarn 
** pueriiiter & barbare loquentem nuoquam aotehac evolvi quod 

*^ memioerim; 

[ 5 ] 

A Didionary in Latin and Englifi, which he 
compofcd for the ufe of fchools *, ftill exifts in MS. 
He married in London ; and our Hero^ and his filters 
ISarj and Anne, are believed to have been the only 
produft of the marriage. 

William Hogarth •f- is faid (under the article 
TflORNHiLL in the Biographia Britannica) to have 


'* meminerim ; faciat ergo lector, ut folent nautse, qui dum 
** foctetaqua, nares pilillkndo comprimunty fpretis enim verbis 
^ fenfoni, fi quis ell, attendat. Multa (infinita poen^ dixerim) 
'* authoris errata emendavi, qusedam tamen non animadveria 
" vercor; Augea enim ftabulum non nili Hercules rcpurgavit. 
** Partem Italico fermone confcriptara praetermitto, iftam enim 
" provinciam adornare fufccpit Do£^or Prageftee Italus ; quamt 
** bene rem geffit, ipfe viderit. Menda Typographica, fpero, 
'* aut nulla, aut levia apparebunt. Tuam tamen & Regiae 
" Societatis cenfuram exoptat Bicilem, Tibi omni iludio ad- 
'^ didiffimus, 

" RicHARDUs Hogarth, ..... Preli Curator." 

* He publiflied " Grammar Difputations ; or, an Exami« 

"nation of the eight parts of fpeech by way of queftion and 

" anfwer, Englijb and Latin^ whereby children in a very little 

" time will learn, not only the knowledge of grammar, but 

** likewife to fpeak and write Latin ; as I have found by good 

" experience. At the end is added a Ihort Chronological in- 

" dex of men and things of the greateft note, alphabetically 

** digefled, chiefly relating to the Sacred and Roman Hillory, 

** from the beginning of the World, to the Year of Chrift 

** 1640, and downwards. Written for the ufe of fchools of 

*^ Great-Britain^ by Richard Hogarth Schoolmailer, 1712.'* 

This little book has alfo a Latin title-page to the fame pur» 

pofe, " Difputationes Grammaticales, &c.'* and is dedicated, 

" Scholarchis, Ludimagiftris, et Hyfodidafcalis Magna Btitan^ 


t Hdgart was the family name, probably a corruption of 
Hogberd^ for the latter is more like the local proaunciatioa 
than the fii ft. This name difguftcd Mrs, Hogart ; and before 
the birib of her fon, (he prevailed upon her huiband to liquify 

B 3 it 

C 6 3 

\)ccn hQvn in |(Jg8, ij) the parifh pf St. Bartboh^ 
piew ♦, London^ to which parifh, it is added, he 
was afterwards ^ bencfaftor. The outfej of his life, 
Jiowcver, was unpromifing. ^f He was bound/' fay^ 
Mn Wa^oUy ** to a mean engraver of arm^ on plate.'^ 
Hogarth probably chofe this occupatioa, as it re- 
quired fome ikill in drawings to which his geniu^ 
vvas particularly turned^ and which he contrived 
affiduoufly to cultivate. His pi^fler, it fince ap^ 
pearsj was Mr. EUis Gamble ^ a iilyerfniith of cmi- 
iiencp, who refided in Cranbmrn-Jlreet ^ Leicefterifields. 
In this pfofeffion it is not unufual to bind appren- 
tices to the fingle branch of engraving arms and 
cyphers on every fpecies qf metal ; and in that par^ 
ticular department of the bufinefs young Hogarth 
yiz^ placed f \ f* but^ before bis time was expired^ 


it into Hefiftib. Thif circumfiance was told to roe by Mr. ^W- 
1/r, who ii a native of HyimarilanJ. By Dr. MoreO^ I waa 

infbrmed that hit real naroe was Ho^0rj^ or Hogardi which 
lirofelf altered^ by c(iaDging d into 9, the Saxon tb. 

'^ On what authority this is (aid, I am yet to learn. The 
resiflers of Si* Barthohmew the Greats and of St. Barthohmew 
ibe Ixfs^ have both beep fearched for the fan>e information 
with fhiiticfs folicitude. The fchool of Hegartb^s father, in 
jyia, was in the panih of J/. MartU^s Ludgate. In the rcgillcr 
of that parifh, therefore, the births gf bis chilclrcu| and hit 
own dca;n, may probibly b^ found t« 

4 f his circumdance has, fince it was firft written, beeq 
reniied by > gentleman who has often heard a fimiUr account 
^rom one of the Imjl IJtmd Jffjt^'Mtifi^s at Goldfiniibs-Hall^ who 
^as i^pprentice to a GlveKmith in the fame ftreet witH Hegartb^ 
And intiinatc with him during the great^ft pairt'of his life. 

} Tb« rtgiAcr gf St, iU^rimU Ltu^sHt hu alfo been fearched to 

me purpofc. ' 


^ lie felt the irapulfc of genius, and that it dircfltcd 
** iim to painting." 

During his apprenticelhip, he fet out one Sunday^. 
with two or three companions, on an excurfion to 
Wibgate. The weather being hot, they went into 
a public-h6ufe, where they had not been long, be- 
fore a quarrel arofc between fome perfons in the 
feme room. One of the difputaius ftruck the other 
00 thfc bead with a quart pot, and cut him very 
mucht The blood running down the man's face, 
together with the agony of the wound, which had 
diftorted })is features into a mod hideous grin, pre- 
fentcd Hogarthf who ihewed himfelf thus early 
" apprifed ©f the mode Nature had intended he 
^' ihould purfue,*' with too laughable a fu"bjed to 
be oviprlooked* He drew out his pencil, and pro- 
duced on the fpot one of the mod ludicrous figures 
that ever was feen. What .rendered this piece the 
more valuable was, that it exhibited an exaft like- 
ncfs of the man, with the portrait of his antagonift, 
and the figures in caricature of the principal perfons 
gathered round him. This anecdote was furniflied 
by one of his fellow apprentices then prefent, a 
pcrfon of indifputable charadcr, and who continued 
his intimacy with Hogarth long after ihey both grew 
Dp into manhood. 

^^ His apprenticelhip was no fooner expired/* fays 
Mr. Walpole^ ^* than he entered into the academy in 
♦^ St^ Martinis Lane, and ftudied drawing from the 
" life, in which he never attained to great excel- 

B 4 ** leiice. 

C 8 ] 

'^ lencc. It was charaftcr, the paffions^ the foul, 
*' that his genius was given him to copy. In co- 
•• louring he proved no greater a maftcr : his force 
*' lay in cxprcflion, not in tints and chiaro fcuro/* 

To a man who by indefatigable induftry and un- 
common ftrength of genius has been the artificer of 
his own fame and fortune, it can be no reproach to 
have it faid that at one period he was not rich. It 
has been aflerted, and we believe with good founda- 
tion, that the fkill and afliduity of Hogarth were, 
even in his fervitude, a fingular affiftance to his own 
family, and to that of his maftcr. It happened, 
however, that when he was firft out of his time, he 
certainly was poor. The ambition of indigence is 
ever produdtive of diftrcfs. So it fared with Ho^ 
garthy who, while he was furnifhing himfclf with 
materials for fubfequcnt perfcdlion, felt all the con- 
tem-»t which penury could produce. Being one day 
diftrcircd to raife fo trifliPig a fum as twenty (hillings, 
in order to be revenged of his landlady, who ftrove 
to compel him to payment, he drew her as ugly as 
pofliblc, and in that fingle portrait gave marks o^ 
the dawn of fupcrior genius *• This ftory I had 
once fuppoled lo be founded on certainty ; but fince, 
on other authority, have been aflurcd, that had fuch 
an accident ever happened to him, he would uQt 
have failed to talk of it afterwards, as he was always 

* Ufiivcifil Mufciim, 1764. p. 549. The fame kind of 
revenge, however, wis t.ikcn by F'cnio^ who, on the cieling of 
St. George*s Hall at M'lndfor^ bDrrowcd the face of hirs^ Man iot^ 
the houlckecpcr, for one of the Furies. 


C 9 3 

fend of contraftiDg the necefSties of his youth with^ 
the affluence of his ipaturer age. He has been heard- 
to fay of hiinfelf, " I remember the time when I 
" have gone moping into the city with fcarce a IhiU 
** ling in my pocket ; but as foon as I had received 
*^ ten guineas there for a plate, I have returned 
*' home, put on my fword, and fallied out again, 
<< with all the confidence of a man who had tea 
'^ thoufand .pounds in his pocket/' Let me add, 
that my firft authority may be to the full as good 
as my fecond. 

How long he continued in obfcurity we cannot 
exa&ly learn ; but the firA piece in which he diflin* 
guiflied himfelf as a painter, is fuppofed to have been 
a reprefentation of Wanftead Ajfembly *. In this arc 
introduced portraits of the firft earl Tylneyf his lady, 
their children, tenants, &c. The faces were laid' 
to be extremely like, and the colouring is rather bet- 
ter than in fome of his late and more highly finilhed 

From the date of the earlieO: plate that can be af* 
certained to be the work of Hogarth, it may be pre- 


* This picture is noticed in the article ^hornhiU^ in the Bio* 
gruphia Britanniea^ where, inftead of Wanftead^ it it called 
the Wandfworth aflembly. There feems to be a referentc to 
it in *' A Poetical Epihfc to Mr. Hogarth^ anenoinent Hiftory 
♦* and Convcrfation Painter," written \ViJune 1730, and pub- 
liQied by the author (Mr. Mitchell)^ with two other epidles, 
in 1 73 1, 4to. 

** Large families obey your hand ; 

** AJftmhlies rife at your comipand.'* 
Mr. Hogarth defigned that year the frontifpiece to Mr. Mt* 
cheWs Operai tbi Highland Clans. 


t .0 ] 

began ballnefs, on his otk 
at leaft as early as the year 1720. 

His firft employment fccms to have been the en- 
gnrring of arms and fhop-bills. The next ftcp was 
to defign and furniih plates ft>r bookfcUers ; and 
here we are fortunately fapplied with dares *'. Thir- 
teen folio prints, with his name to each, appeared 
in " Auhry dc la Motraye's Travels," in 1723; 
feven fmaller prints for ** Jpufeius' Golden Afs" 
in 1724 ; fifteen head-pieces to " Beazur't Military 
*' Punifhments of the Ancients,'* and five frontjf^ 
^eces for the tranflation of Lajfandra, i n five vol umcs, 
12°, 1725; fevcntcen cuts for a duodecimo edition 
of Hudibras (with 5tf;/fr'j head) in 17:61 two for 
*' Perfeus and Andromeda," in 1730; two for Milton 
[the date uncertain]; and a variety of others be^ 
|ween 1726 and 1733. 

" No fymptom of genius," fays Mr. WalfoU^ 
** dawned in thofc plates. His Hudibras was the firrt 
*' of his works that marked him as a man above the 
** common; yet, what made him then noticed, now 
*' furprifes us, to find fo litlle humour in an undcr- 
*' taking fo congenial to his talents." — It is certain 
that he often lamented to his friends the having parted 
with his property in the prints of the large Hudibras, 
without ever having had an opportunity to improve 
them. They were purcliafcd by Mr. Philip Overton f, 


particular account will be given ia, 
+ Brotht-r to Hmry Ovrrtta, ihe well-Vnown publillier of ' 

• Of all thefe 1 more 
e Catalngne annexed. 

«i4irMry ptin 

affi\aitSi.Sffa\l„ti Churchy 

E " 3 

jff The Gulden £u€k, near St. Dunjlar^s Church in Fkef-^ 
Stnet ; and ftill remain in the pq^ei&pn of his fuc? 
f eflor Mr. Siofer* 

Mr. Bowles at the Slacjk Hcr/e \n Ccrnbill was one 
pf his earlieft patrpiis. I hac) j^een told that he 
bought nwny a pla^e from Hogarth by the weight of 
the copper ; but am only certain that (hi^ occurrence 
happened in a fingle in|[lanc(?, when the ^Ider Mr. 
Bowles of St. Paul's Churfh^yard offered^ oyer a 
lK)ttle9 half a crown a pound for a plate juft thet^ 
^Qppleted* Tt^i3 circuo^ftance was within the know^ 
)edge of Dr. DucareL-r-Qvx irtift's next friend in tha^ 
jine was Mr. Philip OvertM^ who paid him a fpm^-^ 
)vhat better price fojf his labour and ingenuity. 

Whfsn }fl,r. Walpole fpcaks* of Hogartb^s. early per* 
formances^ he phferves, that they pfe pot above the 
labours pf the people who are generally employe4 
})y bookfellers. Left any reader ^ould inadvertently 
fuppofe this candid writer deiigned the minuteft re* 
flection pn thqfe artifts to whpm the decoration of 
modern volumes is confided, it is- neceffary to ob- 
ferve, that his apcqunt of Hogarth, &c. was printed 
pff abqve teq years ago, before the qames of Cipriani^ 
Angelica^ Bartolozzi^ Sherwin, apd Mortimer were 
found at jhe bottom of any plates defigned for the 
prnament of poems, or dramatic pieces. 

^* On the fuccefsj however, qf thqfe plates/- Mr. • 
1/Falpple fays^ " he commenced painter, a painter of 

9nd fold many of Hogarth* s early pieces coarfcly popjed, as has 
i|inc^ been done by DUey in Bayj CJ^urcb-yard^ 

' *f portraits J 

[ 12 ] 

** portraits ; the mod ill-fuited employment imagi- 
•* nable to a man whofe turn certainly was not flat- 
*^ tery, nor his talent adapted to look on vanity 
<^ v^ichout a fneer. Ycc his facility in catching a 
*' likenefs^ and the method he chofe of painting fa- 
** milies and converfations in fmall, then a novelty, 
** drew him prodigious bufinefs for fomc time. It 
*^ did not laft^ either from his applying to the real 
** bent of his difpofition, or from his cuftomers ap- 
^^ prehending that a fatirift was too formidable a 
** confeflbr for the devotees of fclf-love/* There 
arc Hill many family pidures by Mr. Hogarth cxift- 
iog, in the flyle of ferious converfation-pieces. He 
was not however lucky in all his refemblances, and 
has fometimes failed where a crowd of other artifls 
have fucceeded. The whole-length of Mr. Gar rid 
fitting at a table, with his wife behind him taking 
the pen out of his hand *, confers no honour on the 
painter or the perfons reprefcnted "f-. He has cer- 
tainly mifled the charadter of our late Rofcius^s coun- 
tenance while undidurbed by paffion ; but was more 
lucky in feizing his features when aggravated by 
terror, as in the tent fcenc of King hicbard III. It 
is by no means aftoniftiing, that the elegant fymmetry 
of Mrs. Garrick's form ihould have evaded the efforts 

* This conceit is borrowed from yanho^i picture of Cottey 
Qhherj whofe daughter has the fjimc cmjjioymcnt. 

t It appears that Mr. C. was diflatisficd wi'h his likencfs, 
or that fome difpute arofe between him and the painicr, who 
then llruck his pencil acrofs the face, and damaged it. The 
pifhire was unpaid for at the time of his death. His widow 
then fent it home to Mr. Garrici^ without any demand. 


E '3 3 

of ooeto whofe ideas la baffe nature was more faml* 
liar tban the grace infeparable from thofe who have 
been educated in higher life. His talents^ therefore, 
could do little juftice to a pupil of Lady Burlington. 

What the prices of his portraits were, I have 
ft'ove in vain to difcover ; but fufpedt they were ori- 
ginally very low, as the people who are beft ac* 
9!Uainted with them chufe to be filent on that fubjed. 

In the Bee, vol. V. p. 552.' and alfo in the Gen- 
tleman's Magazine, vol. IV. p. 269. are the following 
Vcrfcs to Mr. Hogarth, on Mifs Fs pidure, 1734. 

*' To Chloe*s pifture you fuch likenefs give. 
The animated canvas feems to live ; 
The tender breafts with wanton heavings move. 
And the ibft fparkling cyeS infpire with love 2 J 
While I furvey each feature o*er and o'er, 
I turn Idolater y and paint adore : 
Fondly I here can gaze without a fear. 
That, Chloe, to my love you'd grow fcvere ; 
That in your Piilure, as in Life, you'd turn 
Your eyes away, and kill me with your fcorn : 
No, here at leaft with tranfport I can fee 
Your eyes with foftnefs languilhing on me. 
While, Ch/oe, this I boaft, with fcornful heart 
Nor ralhly cenfure Hogarth, or his art. 
Who all your Charms in ftrongeft Light has laid. 
And kindly thrown your Pride and Scorn injhade.'^ 

At Rivenhall, in EJfex, the feat of Mr. Wejlern^ 
is a family pidure, by Hogarth, of Mr. fp^cjlern 
and his mother (who was a daughter of Sir Anthony 



C H ] 

thlr}ey\ Chancellor Hoadly, Archdeacon Clarkf 
Plumptre, the Rct. Mr. Cole of Milton near Cam- 
bridg£t and Mr; Henry Taylor the curate there ♦, 1 736; 

In the gallery Of the late Mr. Cole 6f Afiltcn, wai 
a!fo a fmal! whole-length picture of Mr. Wejiern -f-, by 
Hogarth, a (Iriking refctnbUncc. He is drawn fitting 
in his Fellow -Commoner's habit, and fquarc cap 
with a gold taflelj in his chamber at Cbre Hall, 
o\'cr the arch towards the ri\Tr ; and our aftifl, as the 
chimney could i^pt be exprcifcd, has drawn a cat 
ficting near izj agreesbtc to his humour^ to fliew the 

*' When I fat ib him," fays Mr. Qilt, " near fifty 
" years ago, the cuflom of giving vailS to fervant< 
*' was not difcontinacd. On my taking leave of our 
" painter at the door, and his fervant's opening i^ 
*' or the coach door, I Cannot tell which, I offered 
'* him a fmall gratuhy ; bnt the man very politely 
*' refufed it, telling me it would be as much as the 
" lofs of his place, if his matter knew it. This warf 
** fo uncommon, dnd fo liberal in a man of Mr. i7c- 
" garth'} profcflion at that time of day, that it much' 
" ftruck me^ as nothing of the fort had happened 
'' to me before.'' 

* Afterwafdi rrftor of Crawty in HaifrfJ^irr j author 0^ 
'' Btit Mardtfai'i LetTcs," ■' Confufion worfc confouiided, 
aad many oiher celrbrated worki. 

f He died of ihe ftnaji-pox, Alig. i», 1719, and it faid," 
ih the '* Politieal btnic," to have poffcffcd 5000I. a year.' 
He married a fiOcr of lord Balrmaa^ by whom he left a foa' 
waAvna daugh»r>,' 


t iS ) 

tt was likewife Mr. Hogarth's quftom to iketcd dAt 
the fpot any remarkable face which particularly 
Uruck him, and of which he wilhed to preferve the 
remembrance. A gentleman ilill living informs toe, 
tlxat being once with our painter a,t the Bedford 
Oqffee-boufey he obiierved him to draw fomeihiqg^ 
^^ith a pencil on his naiU Enquiring what had bccit 
hi3 employment^ he was fliewn the countenance (a 
whimfical one) of a perfon who was then at a (imall 

It happened in the early part of HogattVs life^ 
that a nobleifiah, who was uncommonly ugly and 
^efarmed^ came to fit to him for his. pi&ure. It was 
Executed with a ikill that did honour to the artift's 
abilities ; but the likenefs was rigidly obferved, with^ 
Cut even the neceffary attention to compHm.ent oif 
flattery. The peer> difgufled at this counterpart o£ 
his dear felf, never once thought of payiiig for a re'^ 
fleAor that would only infult him with his deformities.* 
Some time was fuffered to elapfe before the artift ap* 
plied fot his money j but afterwards many applica^ 
tions were made by him^ (who had then no need of ^ 
banker) for payment, without fuccefs. The painter^ 
however, at laft hit upon an expedient, which hef 
knew mull alarm the nobleman's pride, and by that 
means anfwer his purpofe. It was couched in the 
following card : 

•* Mr. Hogarth's dutiful refpefls to Lor^ ti>m ;. 
^ finding that he does not mean to have the pifture 
•• whiahi was drawn for him/ is informed again of 

'* Mr. Ks netfeffity for the money j if, thcfcfortf, 
** his lordfliip docs not fend for it in three days, it 
wjll be difpofed of, ^ with the addition of a tail, 
and fome 'other little appendages, to Mr. HarCy 
*^ the famous wild-beaft man ; Mr. H. having given 
*' that gentleman a conditional promife of it for an 
** exhibition -pidure, on his lordfliip's refufal.** 

This intimation had the defired effedt. The pic- 
ture was fent home, and committed to the flames. 

To the other anecdotes of this comic Painter may 
be added the following. Its authenticity mull apo- 
logize for its want of other merit 

A certain old Nobleman, not remarkably gene- 
rous, having fent for Ho^rarth, defired he would re- 
prefent, in one of the compartments on a ftaircafe, 
Pharaoh and his Hoft drowned in the Red Sea ; but 
at the fame time gave our artift to underftand, that 
no great price would be given for his performance. 
Ho^irth agreed. Soon after, he waited on his cm- 
plover for payment, who feeing that the fpace al- 
lotted for the pidure had only been daubed over 
with red, declared he had no idea of paying a pain- 
ter when he had proceeded no further than to lay 
his ground. *' Grcun ! faid Hogarth, there is no 
grouyid in the cafe, my lord. The red you perceive, 
is the Red Sea, Pharaoh and his Hoft are drowned 
as you defir d, and cannot be made objedts of Cght, 
for the ocean cowts then all.*' 

Mr. Walpole has remarked, that if our artift " in- 
*^ dulr;fd his fpirit of ridicule in ] crlonalities, it 
** never procLeded beyond fketches and drawing^,** 


and wonders ^' that he never, witjKyti ^ ^fi^^ If ^ 

" livcrcd the very features of anyftakntical perfon.^nL !| 
But this elegant writer, who may|h|fij^^^y Kavp re. 
ccived hisT education in a Courts 
opportunities of acquaintance among the low popular 
cbaraderi with which Hogarth occafionally peopled 
bis fccncs ♦. The Friend to whom I owe this re- 
mark was afTured by an ancient gentleman of unqueC* 
tionable veracity and acutenefs of obfervation, that al- 
moft all the perfonages who attend the levee of the 
Rake were undoubted portraits ; and that, in South- 
vjork Fair and the Madem Midnight Converfatiorty as 
many more were difcovcrable. In the former plate 
he pointed out EJfex the dancing*maker ; and in the 
latter, as well as in the fecond plate to the Rak^s 
Fiopefsy Figg the prize-fighter -f. He mentioned 
fcYcral others by name, from his immediate know- 
ledge both of the painter's defign and the charafters 
rcprcfcnted j but the reft of the particulars, by which 
hefupported his affertions, have efcaped the memory 
of my informant, I am alfo affured, that while Ho^ 
garth was painting the Rakers Progrefsj he had a 
fummcr refidence at IJleworth ; and never failed to 
queftion the company who came to fee thefe pic- 
^rcs, if they knew for whom one or another figure 

* I have heard that he continually took iketches from na- 
ture as he met with them, and put them into his works -, and 
'^ is natural to fuppofe he did fo. 

t Sec the Catalogue at the end of thefe Anecdotef. A 
^^ry coofiderable number of perfonalitics are there pointed 
out under the account of each plate in which they ar« found. 

C was 

was dcfigocd. When they guefled wrong, be fee 
them right. 

Mr« fVdlpoIe has a iketch in oil, given to him by 
Hogartbj who intended to engrave it. It was done 
at the time when the Houfe of Commons appointed 
a committee to inquire into the cruelties exercifed on 
prifoners in the The Fleeiy to extort money from them. 
•* The fcene,** he fays, ** is the committee ; on the 
" table are the infti umcnts of torture. A prifoner 
** in rags, half-ftarved, appears before them; the 
'' poor man has a good countenance, that adds to 
** the interefl. On the other hand is the inhuman 
*' gaoler. It is the very figure that Sahator Roja 
*' would have drawn for hgo in the moment of de- 
" tedtion. Villainy, fear, and confcience, are mixed 
*' in yellow and livid on his countenance ; his lips 
" are contracted by tremor, his face advances as 
eager to lie» his legs ftep back as thinking to 
make his cfcape ; one hand is thruft precipitately 
•* into his bofom, the fingers of the other arc catch- 
*' ing uncertainly at his button-holes. If this was a 
'* portrait, it is the moil ftriking thit ever was 
** drawn ; if it was not, it is ftili finer.** 1 he por- 
trait was that of Batnbridge * the warden of The 

Fleet I 

♦ The late Mr CoU^ of Milun. in his copy of thcfe Me- 
moirs, had written againll the name of Bambridge^ ** Father 
** to the late attorney of that name, a worthy fon of fucb a 
" father. He lived at Camhridgi^^ And in a copy of the 
(iH^ edition, on occafion of a note (afterwards withdrawn) 
which mentioned *' Mr. Bakn'*s having quarrelled with 
•* JIcarnc\* Mr. G^/f wrote, ** Mr. ^^/t/r quarrelled with no 

** man \ 

C i9 3 

FIteti and the (ketch wa^ taken in the beginning of 
the jear 1729, vthen^Bufnbridgf an4 .ttigpn^ (hi3 
|)rcdeceilbr *) were under eqcamination. Both were 
declared ^^ notorioufly guilty of great breaches of 
'' tnift^ extortions, cruelties, and other high crimes 
'* and miiUemea&ojs ;** both were fent to Newgate ; 
VkI Bambridge w^s difqualified by a& of parliament f. 
The fon % ^^ Huggins was pofiefled of 9 valuable 


'* man : he might coolly debate with Mr. Hcame on a difpu* 
* table point. It is, therefore, a mifreprefentation of Mr. 
*' Aubr^i private character, agreeable to the petulance of 
" this age." 

* Tbe wardenihip of The Fleets a patent office, was pur* 
tha&d of the earl of Clarctulonj for 5000 /• by John Huggins^ 
eiq. who was in high favour with Sunderland and Craggs^ and 
eoAfeqoently obnoxious to their fucceiTors. Huggins^s term in 
the patent was for his own life and his fon's. But, xnAugufi 
Z7>^ being far advanced in years, and his fon not caring to 
take upon him fo troublefome an office, he fold their term in 
the patent for the fame fum it had coft him, to Tfjomas Bam- 
Wi^ and Dongal CuthBert, Muggins lived to the age of 90. 

t Mr. Rayner^ in his reading on Stat. 2 Geo^ II. chap. 32. 
thereby Bantbridge was incapacitated to enjoy the office of 
warden of The Fket^ has given the reader a very circumflantiai 
account, with remarks, on the notorious breaches of truil, &c. 
Committed by Bamhridge and other keepers of Tbe Fktt-Frifon. 
For this publication, fee /^^rr^rj Bibliotheca Legum byBrooke^ 
1777^ p. 16. 

**' A report from the Committee appointed to enquire into 
** the State of the Gaols of this Kingdom, relating to the 
*' Afarjba^a prifon ; with the Refolutions of the Houfe of 
** Commons thereupon," was publilhed in 4to. 1729; and 
reprinted in 8vo, at Dublin the fame year* It appears by a 
MS. note of Old^s^ cited in Britijb Topography^ vol. I. p. 636, 
that Bambridge cut his throat 20 years after. 

t IVilUmm Muggins^ efq. of Heudly Parh^ Hants^ welMcnowtl 
hf his tranllation of the Orlando Furiofo of Ariojlo. Being tn« 

C 2 tended 

C *<* ] 

painting from this Iketch, and alfo of a fcene in the 
BeggOr*! Opera ; both of them full of real portraits. 
On the c'ifperfion of his effedts, the latter was pur- 
chafed by the Rev. Dr. Monkhoufc of Siueerts College^ 
Oxford. It is in a gilt frame, with a buft of Gay at 
the top, It*s companion, whofe prcfent pofleflbr I 
have not been able to trace out, had, in like man- 
ner, that of Sir F;vf;/r// P/Tf^, one of the judges, re- 
markable for his feverity * j with a halter round his 


tended for holy orders, he was Tent to Ma^tlakn CoUrge^ Ox* 
ford^ where he took the degree of M. A. April 30, 1761 ; 
biit, on the death of his elder brother in 17^6, declined all 
thoughts of entering into the church He died July 2, 1761 ; 
and left in MS. a tragedy, a farce, and a tranfiation oi Dante ^ 
of uhich a fpecimen was publifhed in the Briiijh Maga^ 
z'ncy 1760. Some flattering vcrfes were addrefled to him 
in 1757, on his verfion of jirioftoi which arc preferved in 
the Gentleman* s Ma^azine^ vol. XXVII. p. 180; but are not 
worth copying. The lart Mr. Muggins left an ellatc of 2000 L 
a year to his two fons-in-law Thomas Gatehouft^ Efq; and Dr. 
Mttfgrave of ( hinnpr, 

* Sir Francis Page* i *? Charaftcr," by Savage^ thus gibbets 
him to public deteil.ition : 

" Fair Truth, in courts where Jullice fliould prefidc, 
'* Alike the Judge and Advocate would guide ; 
** And thcfc would vie each dubious point to clear, 
** To flop the widow's and the orphan's tear ; 
•• Were all, like Torke*^ of delicate addrefs^ 
** Strength to difcern, and fwcctnefs to exprefs, 
*• Learn'd, juft, polite, bom every heart to gain, 
*' Like Comyns f mild ; like Forte/cm % humane, 

^ Sir Philip Yerhe, chief juflice of the King's Bench, afterwards lord- 
chancellor sni! carl Hardwicke. 

f Sir John Comyns, chief baron of the Exchequer. 

I Hon. It^illiamFortefcMe, then one of the juftices of the court of Com- 
mon Pleasi atterwaidi miller of the Rolls. 

" All- 

C " 3 

The Duke of L^^(// has alfo an original fcene in 
the Star's Opera, painted by Hogarth. It is that in 



" All-cloquent of truth, divinely Icnown, 
** So deep, fo clear, all Science is his own. 

** Of licart impure, and impotent of head, 
** In hiftory, rhetoric, ethics, law, unread ; 
•* How far unlike fuch worthier, once a drudge, 
" From floundering in low cafes, rofe a Judge. 
^* Form'd to noake pleaders laugh, his nonfenfe thunders, 
** And on low juries breathes contagious blunders. 
•* His brothers blufh, becaufe no bhiih he knows, 
** Nor e'er * one uncorrupted finger (hows *.' 
** See, drunk wirh power, the circuit-lord exprel ! 
** Full, in his eye, his betters ftand confeft; 
*' Whofe wealth, birth, virtue, from a tongue fo loofe, 
** 'Scape not provincial, vile, buffoon abufe. 
'^ Still te what circuit is ailign^ his name, 
^^ There, fwift before him, flies the warner — FanMr. 
^* Contcft ftops (hort, CoRfent yields every caufc 
*' To CoA ; Delay enditres them, and withdraws. 
** But how *fcapc prifoners ? To their trial chain'd, 
** All, all (hall ftand condemn'd, who ftand arraign'd, 
** Dire guilt, which elfe would deteftation caufe, 
" Prcjudg*d with infult, wondrous pity draws. 
*' But 'fcapes e'en Innocence his harfli harangue ? 
" Alas ! — e'en Innocence itielf muft hang ; 
" Muft hang to pleafehim, when of fpleen poiTeft, 
^* Muft hang to bring forth aa abortive jeft. 

*' Why hv'd he not cr« Star- chambers had fnii'd, 
** When fine, tax, cenfure, all but law prevailed ^ 
•* Or law, fubfervient to fonae murderous will, 
*' Became a precedent to murder ftilli 
*' Yet e'en when portraits did for traitors bleed^ 
** W^as e'er the jobb to fuch a Have decreed, 
** Whofe favagc mind wants fophift-art to draw, 
*^ O'er murder'd virtue, fpecious veils of law ? 

*' Why, Student, when the bench your youth admits, 
•* Where, though the worft, with the beft rank'd he fus ; 

* w When l^age one uncorrupted finger (hows.** D. of Wharton. 

C 3 " Whcra 

C " 3 

which Lucy and Polfy arc on their knees, before 
their refpcftive fathers, to intercede for the life 
of the hero of the piece. All the figures are either, 
known or fuppofed to be portraits. If I am not mif- 
informed, the late Sir Thomas Robin/on (as well 
known by the name of Long Sir Tiomas) is (landing 
in one of the fide-boxes. Macheath^ unlike his 
fpruce reprefentative on our prefent ftage, is a 
Douching bully; and Polly appears happily difen- 
cumbered of fuch a hoop as the daughter of Peacbum 

•* Where found opinions you attentive write, 
^* As once a Raymond^ now a Lee to cite, 
** Why paufe you fcornful when he dint the court } 
*^ Note well his cruel quirks, and well report* 
'< Let his own words againil himfelf point clear, 
** Satire more (harp than verfc when roofl fevere." 
Nor was Salvage lefs {tytre. in his profe. On the trial of 
this unfortunate poet, for the murder of James Simdair in 
2737, Judge Page, who was then on the bench, treated him 
with his ufual infolcnce and frverity ; and, when he had 
fummed up the evidence, endeavoured toexafperate the jury, 
«s Mr. Savage ufed to relate it, with this eloquent harangue 3 
** Gentlemen of the Jur)', you are to confider that Mr, Savage 
•• is a very great mnn, a much greater man than you or I, 
•' gentlemen of the jury; that he wears very fine cloaths, 
*♦ much finer cloaihs than you or I, gentlemen of the jury j 
*' that he has abundance of money in his pocket, much more 
** money than you or I, gentlemen of rhe jury : but, gentle- 
•* men of ihejur\-, is it not a very hard cafe, gentlemen of 
** the jury, that Mr. Savage Qxould therefore kill you or me, 
•* gcniler.icn of the Jury ?*' 

Pope alfo, H,}race^ B. 11. Sat. i, has the following line : 
** Hard words or hanging, if your judge bcPtfg'r." 
And Firlirin^^ in i^rm Jcnei^ makes PartriJ^eizy^ with great 
ra'vete^ after prcmifing that jiul^o Page was a very brave man, 
a:ui a man ot great wir, *' It is indcca charming (port to hear 
** trials on liie and cc^ith I" 

4 within 

[ as ] 

within our younger memories has worn. His Grace 
gave -^5 /. for this plfture at Mr, Rich's auftion. Ar 
nother copy of the fame Tccne was bought by the 
late Sir fVilliam Saunderfon ; and is now in the pof- 
feOion of Sir Henry Gough. Mr, Walpole has a paint- 
ing of a fcene in the fame piece, where Machcath 
is going to execution. In this alfo the likenefles of 
fValker^ and Mifs Fenton afterwards Dutchefs of Bol^^ 
ion (the original Macbeatb and Folly)^ are prcferved* 
In the year 1726, when the affair of iW/iry T<?/rx, 
the rabbit-breeder of Godalmingy engaged the public 
attention, a few of our principal furgeons fubfcribed 
their guinea a-piece to Hogarth^ for an engraving 
from a ludicrous iketch he had made on that very 
popular fubjed. This plate, amongft other portraits, 
contains that of the notorious St. Andre, the anato- 
mift to the royal houfehold, and in high credit as a 
furgeon. The additional celebrity of this man arofe 
either from fraud or ignorance, perhaps from a due 
mixture of both. It was fupported, however, after- 
wards, by the reputation of a dreadful crime* His 
imaginary wealth, in fpite of thefe difadvantages, to 
the laft infured him a circle ^of flatterers, even 
though, at the age of fourfcore, his converfation 
was oSeniive to modeft ears, and his grey hairs were 
renderecl ftill more irrevercnd by repeated adts of 
untinacly lewdnefs*. A particular defcrip^ion of 


• The truth and propriety of thcfe flrl^iirc? halving been 
. difputed by aa ingcoious correfpondcnc in the Puifiit: Advert'fer^ 

C 4 ^ his 

t i4 ] 

tills plate will be given in the future catalogue df 
Hogarth's works* 

In 1727, Hof:artb ajireed with Morris^ an uphol- 
ftcrer, to furnilh him uith a defign on canvas, rcpre- 
fcnting the clement of F arth, as a pittern for tapellry* 
The work not being j crformed to the fatisfadtion of 
JVfcr/., he refulcd to pay for it; and our artill lutd 
him for the money. This fuit (which was tried be* 
fore Lord Chief Jufticc E\r^ at PVeJlminfter, May 28, 
1728) was determined in favour of //(?fjr/A. Ihc 
brief for the deiendaat in the caufe^ is prcfcrved 
below f . 


his letter, with remarks on it, it fubjoined by way of appendix 
to the prefent work. In this place performances of fuch a 
length would have ia^ermpted the narrative rdpc^ing Hogartb 
and bis productions. See Appendix I. 

t In c5i Banco. 
WitttAM HocAltTH Plaintiff. Joshua Mokrts, Defendant. 
,-..„- f The Plaintiff declares, that on the 30th oi December^ 
•'^'** Ii7i7f at Jyefiminfier zforeh'idy Defendant was in* 
debted to him 30/. for painter's work, and for divers mate- 
rials laid out for the faid work ; which Defendant faithfully 
promifed to pay when demanded. 

Plaintiff alfo declares, that Defendant promifed to pay for the 
faid work and other materials, as much as the fame was worth ; 
and Plaintiff in fa<ft fays the fame was worth other 30/. 

Plaintiff alfo declares for another fum of 30 A tor money 
Itld out and expended for Defendant's ufe, which he promifed 
to pay. 

The faid Defendant not performing bis fcveral promlfe^ the 
plaintiff hath brought this a^ion to his damage 30/. for which 
this adion is brought. •• 

To which the Defendant hath pleaded ncn ajfumpjit^ And 
thereupon iffue is joined^ 


The Defendant is an upholAcrer and tapeflry-worker, and 


In J 730, Mr. Hifgartb married the only daughter 


was recommended to Plaintiff as a perfon (kilful in painting 
patterns for that pufpofe ; the Plaintiff accordingly cume to 
Defendant, who informing him that he had occnlion ror a ta<* 
pcftry defign of the Element of Earth, to be pointed on can- 
vas. Plaintiff told Defendant he was well ikiHcd in painnng 
that way, and promifed to perform it in a workmanlike man- 
ner ; which if he did. Defendant undertook to pay iiim for it 
twenty guineas. 

Defendant, foon after, hearing that Plaintiff was an engraver^ 
and no painter, was very unegfy about the work, and ordered 
his fervant to go and ncqnairu Plaintiff what he h. d heard ; 
and Plainti^ then told the laid fervant, * tl.ut it was a bold 

♦ undertaking, for that he never old iiay thing of that kuid 

* before \ and that, if his mailer did not like it, he ILould n ^t 

• pay for it/ 

Thar ieveral times fending after Plaintiff to brin<j the f .me 
to Defendant's houlc, he did not chink tit f<« co do ; but c if- 
ried the fame to a private place where T*vteridant keeps Ibiuc 
j>eople at work, and there left it. A^ j-ot \s Defendant was 
informed of it, ht fent for it homt;, and confuked with his 
workmen whether the defign was fo painted as they could 
work tapcdry by it, and they were all unauunous that it waf 
not finidied in a workmanlike manner, and that it was impo£> 
fible for them to work tapellry by it. 

Upon thk, Defendant lent the paiatingback to Plaintiff bjr 
ills fervant, whojicqur^intcd him, ^ that the lame did not aufvi^ 

* tiie Defendant's purpofe, and that it of no ule to him j 

* bur if he would finifh it \i\ a proper tnanner, Defenc'ant would 

• take It, and p:iy for it.' 

Defendant employs fome of the fined hands in Europe la 
working tapelhy, who are mod of them foreigners, and have 
worked abroad as well as here, and are perfect judge* of per- 
formances of this kind. 

The Plaintiff undertook to 6ni(h faid piece in a month, but 
it was near three months before he fent to the Defendant to 
view it ; who, when he faw it, told him that he could nut uiake 
any ufc of it, and was fo dif»ppointed for want of it, ih^r he 
was forced to put his workmen upon working/ other taptlby 
tjiai WAS aut befpoke, to the value of 200/. which now lies 

C *« ] 

of Sir James Tbornbill ♦, by whom he had no child. 

by hiniy and another painter is now painting another proper 
pattern for the fa id piece of tapeflry. 

To prove the cafe as above fci fonh, call Mr. IViUiamBraJ' 

To prove the painting not to be performed in a workman- 
like manner, and that it was impoflible to make tapeflry by it, 
and that it was of no nfc tci I'faintiff, call Mr. Bernard Dorrider^ 
Mr. PhiWps^ Mr. Dt Friend, Mr. Danten, and Mr. Pajon:^ 

[Hy the counftl's memoranda on this brief it appears, that 
the witnciTes examined for the Plaintiff were Thomai King^ Fan^ 
derhanh^ Le Card, Thornhilly and Cullumfton^'* 

* Jamti 7hornhiU, efq. ferjeant-paintcr and hiftory-paintcr 
to King George I. In June 1 7 1 5, he agreed to paint the cupola 
of 5/. PauVs church for 4000/. and was knighted in April ii%o% 
Id a flattering account given of him immediately after his deaths 
which happened May 13, 1734, in his 57th year, he is faid to 
hare bceii ^' the greateft hiftory-paintcr this kingdom ever 
*^ produced, witnefs his elaborate works in Crreenvjicb'HoJffital^ 
. ** the cupola oi St, Fau.\^ the altar-pieces oi AU' Souls CaUegt 
•* in Oxford, and in the church of JVeymouth, where he wa» 
•* born ; a cirling in the palace of Hampton ^:ourt, by order of 
•* the late Earl oi Halifax : his orhcr works fhine in divers 
•* noblcmens* and gentlemens* houfes. His later years were 
•* employed in ropying the rich cartoons of Raphael in the 
** gallery of Hampton-Court^ which, though in decay, will be 
•* revived by hib curious pencil, not only in their full propor- 
** tions, .but in many other fizcs and ihapes, he in a courfe of 
** years had drawn rhem. He was choien reprefentative in 
«* the two Inft parliaments for }Vcymouth, and having, by hif 
«* own induftry, acquired a coniiderable elUte, re-purchafed 
** the feat of his anceftors, which he re-edified and cmbelliihed. 
•* He was not only by j)afcnr9 appointed hi (lory-painter to 
•* their late and prelent majeltics, bur ferjeant-paintcr, by 
•* \;hich be was to paint all the royal palaces, coaches, barges, 
•* and the rnyal navy. This late patent he furrendercditi fa- 
•* vour of his only fon John ^hornhii\ F f<j; He left no other 
•• ifliic but one daughter, now the vv.fe of V.r U'm..HogeKrth^ 
•* ad'pircd fjr his curious m:niaf.i:e co:ivert;ri >n paintings. 
** Sir yameshis left a nioSi valuable Coli«.i5tion of pictures and 
•* other curiuliiics/* 


[ n 3 

This unioDi indeed^ was a flolen one, and cohfe- 
quently without the approbation of Sir James^ who, 
confidering the youth of his daughter, then barely 
dghteea, and the ilender finances of her hufband, 
as yet an obfcure artift *, was not eafily reconciled to 
the match. Soon after this period, however, he be- 
gan his Harlot^s Progrefs (the coffin in the laft plate 
is infcribed 5f//^wiA^r 2, 1731)5 arid- was advifed by 
Lady TbomhiU to have fome of the fcenes in it placed 
i> the way of his father-in-law. Accordingly, one 
Morning early, Mrs, Hogarth undertook to convey 
^eral of them into his dining-roonu When he 
*^ofe, he enquired from whence they came ; and 
^itxg told by whom they wdre introduced, he cried 
out^ a Very well ; the man who can furnifli repre- 
^ntations like thefe, can alfo maintain a wifd 
Without a portion." He defigned this remark as 
^ excufe for keeping his purfe-ftrings clofe ; but, 
*^On after, became both reconciled and generous to 
^•^^ young couple. 

Our artift's reputation was fo far eftablilhed iii 
1731, that it drew forth a poetical compliment from 
Mr. Mtchelly in the epiftle already quoted^ 

An allegorical cieling by Sir James Tbornhsll is at 
the houfc of the late Mr. Huggins^ at Headley Parkf 
Hants. The fubjeft of it is the ftory of Zephyrus 
and Flora ; and the figure of a Satyr and fome others 
were painted by Hogarth. 

* He was called on this occafion, in the Craftfrnan, " Mr. 
•* Hogarth^ an ingenious dcfigner and engraver." 


C ^3 ] 

In 1732 (the year in which he was one of the 
party wiio made A Tour by land and Water ^ which 
will be duly noticed in the Catalogue) he ventured 
to attack Mr. fopCj in a plate called *' The Man 
*^ of Tafte ;** containing a view of the Gate of £«r- 
lhigt:7i'houje ; with Vope whitewalhing it, and bc- 
fpattcring the Duke of Cbandos^s coach *. This plate 
was intended as a fatire on the translator of Horner^ 
Mr. Kent the arcbitedt, and the Earl of Burlington. 

♦ ^'^ Pope piibliflicd in 173 1 a poem cMt^ Falfe Tafte ^ in 
•• which he very particularly and fcvcrcly criticifes the houfe, 
•* the furniture, the g.irdcns, and the entertainments of Timon^ 
'^ a man of great wealth and little tade. By 7imon he was 
** univerfally liippofed, and by the £arl of Burlington^ to 
'* whom the poem is addrefled, was privately faid to mean 
*^ the Duke of Ciandos ; a man perhaps too much delighted 
*' with pomp and Ihew, but of a temper kind and beneficent, 
** and who had confequently the voice of the publlck in hit 
** favour. A violent outcry was therefore raifed againfl the 
** ingratitude and treachery of Pope^ who was faid to hive 
** Leeri indebted to the patronage of Chandos for a prefent of 
'^ a thousand pounds, and who gained the opportunity of 
** infulting him by the kindnefs of his invitation. The receipt 
'^ of the thoul'and pounds P^/r publick^y denied; but from tho> 
^* reproach which the attack on a character fo amiable brought 
*• upon him, he tried all meant of cfcaping. The nanic <>f 
** Cltla>id\sz% employed in an apology, by vihich no man was 
** fatiiHed \ and he was at Ull reduced to (lieltcr his ttmuiity 
*^ behind diiUmulation, and endeavour to make that dlfbtlicvcd 
** which he never had confidence openly to deny. He wrote 
•• an exculpatory letter to the Duke, which was anfwered 
** with great magnanimity, as by a man who accepted his 
*' excufe without believing his proklTions. He laid, that to 
•* have ridiculed his tafle, or his buildings, had been an indif- 
*• fcrcnt uftlon in another man ; bat that in Popc^ after the 
*• reciprocal kindnelt that had been exchange J between thcni, 
•• it had been lefs cafily cxculcd."' Zv, Jubn/on^ in bis Life cf 

5 It 

[ ^9 ] 

It was fortunate for Hogarth that he efcaped the laih 

of the former. Either Hogartb^s obfcurity at that 

time was his protedtion, or the bard was too prudent 

to cxafperate a pahiter who had already given fuch 

proof of his abilities for fatire. What muft be have 

felt who could complain of the " pidured fliape** 

prefixed to GuUiveriana^ Pope Alexander's Supremacy 

und hfallibiUty examined j &c. by Ducket^ and other 

pieces, bad our artift undertaken to exprefs in colours 

a certain tranfadtion recorded by Gbber ? 

Soon after his marriage, Hogarth had fummer- 
lodgings at Soutb'-Lambetb ; and being intimate with 
Mr. Ty^/, contributed to the improvement of The 
Spring Gardem at VauxbaU^ by the hint of embellilh- 
ing them with paintings, fome of which were the 
fuggeftions of his own truly comic pencil. Among 
thefe were the " Four parts of the Day,'* copied 
by Hayman from the defigns of our artift. The 
fcenes of " Evening" and " Night'* are ftill there ; 
and portraits of Henry VIII. and Anne BuUjn once 
adorned the old great room on the right hand of the 
entry into the gardens. For his affiftance, Mr. ^yers 
gratefully prefented him with a gold ticket of ad- 
miffion for himfelf and his friends, infcribed 


This ticket, now in the poffeffion of his widow, is 
itill occafionally made ufe ef. 

Ih 1733 his genius became confpicuoufly known. 
The third fcene of his ** Harlot's Progrefs** intro- 
duced him to the notice of the great. At a board 


[ 30 3 

«f Trcafury ivhich was held a day or two after the 
appearance of that prints a copy of it was (hewn by 
one of the lords, as containing, among other excel* 
kncieSj a ftriking likenefs of Sir Jobn Gonfon *. It 


* That Sir yoha Gonfon took a very a^jve part againfl tb^ 
Ladies of Pkafure, is recorded by more than one of their 
irotaries : In " A View of the Town, 1735," by Mr. 7. GiU 
hert^ a fellow of Ptter Houfe Cambridge^ and ati intimate coxxx'* 
paoioD of Lovelifig -*-, I meet with thefe lines : 

•* Though laws fevere to punifh guilt were made, 
** What honeft man is of thefe laws afraid } 
^' All felons aguinft judges will exclaim, 
•* As harlots ftartle at a Gonfon^s name,** 
The magiftrate entering with his myrmidons was deiigned 
as the reprefentative of this gentleman, whofe vigilance on 
like occ^^ons is rocprded in the following elegant Sapphic 
Ode, by Mr. hoveling. This gentleman was educated at ff^in* 
cheficT'Jhhool^ became a commoner of Trinity Colkgey Oxford^ 
urat ordained deacon, lived gaily, and died young. His il}'le, 
however, appears to have been formed on a general acquain* 
tance with the language of Roman poetry ; nor do any of his 
cflfufions betray that poverty of expreffion fo confpicuous in 
the poems of Nicholas Hardinge^ efq. who writes as if Horace 
was the only claffic author he had ever read. 

Ad Johannem Gonfcnumj Equitem. 
Pellicum, Gonfoncy animofus hoilis. 
Per minus caftas Druria tabernas 
Lenis incedens, abeas Diones 

iEquus alumnis ! 
<Nupcr (ah didu miferum !) Oli*vera 
Flevit ereptas viduata moechas, 
Qpas tuum vidit genibus minores 

Ante tribunal. 
Dure, cur tanti in Femris miniftras 
iEiluas ir^ ? 'pofito furore 

f In the cone6l;ion of Lovi&mg*s Poems, X74if are two by CiUgri, 
Ltwkng alfo addrtflfcd a poem, not printed in his works, '* Giloiri§/MO,** 
^jjnd in Giiktrt*s Poems, publiihcd 1747, is *' A fainili«r £piille (q my 
** hitikA BiM Loveling*'* 


C 31 3 

gaTe DDivef fai {atisfadion ; * from the Treafury eack 


Hue adeSy multk & prece te vocantem 

Gratior audi ! 
Nonne fat moechas mal^ feriatas 
Urgct infeftis fera fors procellis? 
Adderis quid tu ulterior puellis 

Caufa doloris? 
Incolunt, eheu ! thalamos fupernos, 
Nota quae fedes fuerat Poetis ; 
Nee domuin argento gravis, ut folebat^ 

Dextra revcrtit. 
N3nnpha quat nuper nituit theatro, 
Nune flat obfcuro mifera angiportu, 
Suppliei vellens tunicam rogatque 

Voce Lyaumm 
Tc voce rebus Druria mentis; 
Voci communi Britonum Juventus 
Tc vocat, nunc 6 ! dare te benignuxn 

Incipe votig. 
Singulum tunc dona feret lupanar : 
Liberum mittet Rofa Luiitanum, 
Gallic! Haywarda et generofa mittet 

Muncra Baccbi. 
Sive te forian moveat libido, 
Aridis pellex rcquiefcet lilnis, 
Callida effoetas renovare lento 

Verberc vireo. 
The fame poet, fpeaking of the exhilarating cffeSs of Gin» 
which had juft been an ofaje<St of Parliamentary notice, has 
the following ilanza : 

Utilis mcechx fuit & Poets ; 
Sprevit hinc Vates Dolopum catervas, 
Moecha Gonfonum. tetrica minantem 

* FroDtc laborem. 
Thus, between the poet and the painter, the fame of our 
harlot -hunting Juftice is preferved. But as a flave anciently 
rode in the fame chari<)t with the conqueror, the memory of 
a celebrated flreet-robber and highwayman will defcend with 
that of the magiftrate to pofterity, James Dalton^s wig-box 
being placed on the tefter of che'Harlot*8 bed. I learn from 


r 3« 3 

lord repaired to the print-lhop for a copy of it, and 

Hogartb rofc completely into fame. This anecdote 
was related to Mr. Huggim by Qjrijiopber Tiljotiy efq. 
one of the four cfiief clerks in the Treafury, and at 
that period under-fecretary of ftatc. He died Auguft 
25, 1742, after having enjoyed the former of thefc 
oiEces fifty-eight years. I ihould add, however, 
that Sir John Gopfon is not here introduced to be 
made ridiculous, but is only to be coniidered as the 
image of an adivc magiftrate identified. 

1 he familiarity of the fubjeft, and the propriety 
of it*s execution, made the *' Harlot's Progrcfs*' 
taftcd by all ranks of people. Above twelve hundred 

the Cruhftreet Journal^ that he wai executed on the 1 2th of 
Ma^f 1730. ^'\l John Gonfm died January g^ 176J. He <vas 
remarkable for the charges which he ufed to deliver to the 
gnnd juries, which are iaid to have been written by Orator 
Henley. The following puffs, or fneers, concerniog them, 
arc found in the firft number of tht Gruhjlrcet Journal^ dated 
January 8, 1730. ** Ycllcrday began the General Quarter 
•• Seiiion*;, &c. when Sir JohnCronfttn. b-jing in the chair, give 
*^ a mod incomparable^ learned^ ^nd^ng charge to the Grand 
«* Jury." Daily PoJI. 

•* The Morning Pofl calls Sir JobiCs Qhargc excellent^ Urnmtd 
^ 9nd ky€iU Tiie Evening Pttft calls it an excellint leBurc and 
•* nfeful tbargey 

Thr».c of thcfc performances had been publiihed in 1718 *• 
8ir Joints niuie is aifo pr^fcrvcd in Mr P#?/A works : 
** 1 alkcrs I'tc Iearn*d to bear ; Motuux 1 knew ; 
** HenUy himfclf I've heard, and / udgell too, 
♦* The Doctor's wormwood ftyle, the ha(b of tongues 
*^ A pedant Uiukcs, the dorm of Gonfon^s lungs.'^ 

Fourth Sat. of Dr. Donne vcrlified. 

• One charj;c by Sir John Gonfon is in the Political State, vol. XXXV. 
fb 50 i and two oit)Ci» m vol. XXXV 1. pp 314. 333*t 


t 33 1 

nmes were entered in oiir artilPs fubfcription-booki; 
It was made into a pantomime by Tbeopbihts Giber i 
and again rcprefented on the ftage, under the title 
of yie Jew decoyed, or a HarIoi*s Progrifr, in^a 
Ballad Opera« Fan-mounts were likewife engraved, 
containing miniature reprefentaticms of all the fix 
plates« Thefe were ufually printed off with red ink, 
three compartments on one fide^ and three on the 
other *. 

The ingenious Abbe Du Bos has often complained^ 
that no hiftory-painter of his time went through a 
feries of aftions, and thtis, like an hiftorian,* painted 
tbe fucceflBve fortune of an hero^ from the cradle to 
the grave. What Du Bos wiihed to fee done. Ho* 
garth performed. He launches out his young ad- 
venturer a fimple girl upon the town^ and conduds 
her through all the viciffitudes of wretchednefs to a 
premature death. This was painting to the under. 
Handing and to the heart; none had ever before 
made the pencil fubfervient to the purpofes of mo- 
rality and infirudtion ; a book like this is fitted to 
every foil and every obferver, and he that runs may 
read. Nor was the fuccefs of Hogarth confined to 
his perfons. One of his excellencies confifled in 
what may be termed the furniture f of his pieces ; for 


* It was cuftomaiy in HogartVs family to give thefc fans to 
the maids. 

+ Among the fmall articles of furniture in the fcencs of J&- 
garthy a few objects may fpccdily become unintelligible, be- 
caufe their archetypes, being out of ufc, and of periOiable na- 

D turei| 

[ 34 3 

as ialbhi!me and hiftorical reprcTentatioas the Tewer 
trivial circumftances arc permitted to divide the fpcc- 
tator's attention from the principal figures, the greater 
is their force ; fo in fcencs copied from familiar life, 
a proper variety of little domeftic images contributes 
to throw a degree of verinmilitude on the whole. 
*' The Rake's Icvce-room," fays Mr. Wa/pole, " the 
** nobleman's dining-room, the apartments of the 
" hufband and wife in Marriage Alamode, the Al- 
** derman's parlour, the bed-chamber, and many 
** others, are the hiftory of the manners of the age." 
It may alfo beobferved, that Hoganh, both in the 
third and laft plate of the Harlot's Progrefi, has ap- 
propriated a name to his heroine which belonged to 
a well-known wanton then upon the town. The 
Grubjireet Journal for Augujl 6, 1730, giving an a( 
count of fcveral proftitutcs who were taken up, in*' 
forms us that " the fourth was Kate Hackabout 
*' (whofe brother was lately hanged at Tyburn)^ 3 
" woman noted in and about the hundreds of 
*' Drury, i^cJ' 

In 1735 our arttft loft his mother, as appears 
the following extrafl from an old Magazine ; " June 

tnrei, can no longer be found. Such is tht Dare /er Larit (a 
cireiibr board with piecei of looking-glaftinfcrted in it),hung 
up over the chimney-piece of ihe Dijlnfi'd Peii ; and ihc J/-xi 
Caie (a dry talte'ef* bifcnit perforated wtlh many holei, and 
fbrmerlygivcnftway in grrai qnaniitiei 3l the Fcafiof Paffover), 
generally ufed only :i a a Hy-lrap, and hung ttpai fuch nj^aiol^ 
the wall in the Tixth plate of the Hmrler'j Pragrt/i. I hive 
frequently met with both ihcfc aniclei in mean boufet. 

C 35 ) 

^ Iff tJSS^ Died Mrt. HcffiHb^ mothet to ihfc 
^ celebrated paiater, of a fright from the fire which 
*' happened on the pth, in Ceal Couri^ Si. MartinU 
** LMm^ and burnt thirteen houfes * ; amongft others^ 
^ one belonging to JoAn Hygpns, efq. late Warden 
^ of 7J^ Fil^r/, was greatly damaged/* 

The " Rake's Progrefs'' (publiflicd in the fame 
]rear^ and fold at Hogarth's houfe, the Golden Head 
in Leuefier Fieldi)^ though ** perhaps fuperior^ had 
•* not," as Mr. WalpoU obferves, " fo much fucceft^ 
'* from want of novelty ; nor is the print of the 
** arreft equal in merit to the others \. 

•• The curtain^ however/' fays he, ** was tooW 
^* drawn afide, and his genius flood difplayed in it» 
*' full lullre. From time to time our artift continued 
^' to give thofe works that ihould be immortal, if 
'^ the nature of his art will allow it. Even the xt^ 
^' ceipts for his fubfcriptions had wit in them. Matiy 
^* of his plates he engraved bimfelf, and often e±* 
•* punged faces etched by his affiftants, when they 
^' had not done juftice to his ideas. Not conredt 

with ihining in a path untrodden before, he was 

ambitious of diflinguifhing himfelf as a painter Of 



* The fire began at the houfe of Mrs. Calloway^ who 
Iccpt a brandy-(hnp. This woman was committed to Ne^vc^grnhf 
h appearing, among other circum fiances, that (he had threat* 
cned •• to be even with the landlord for having given her 
warning, and that (he would have a bonfire on the aoth of 
Jmne^ that ihould warm all her rafcally neighbours.'* 
f Hogarth attempted to improve it, but without much 
fococfs. The adUicional figures are quite cpifodicaU See 
the Catalogue. 

Da " hiftory; 




I 36 ] 

*^ hiftory J and lA I736.prefcnted to thp hofpital. oiP 
** . S/. Bartbohmew^ of which he had been appointed 
" a governor*, a painting of the Fool of Bet be fda^ 
'* and another of the Good Samaritan. But the gc- 
f^ nius that had entered fo fpelingly into the calami- 
*^ ties and crimes of familiar life, dcferted him in a 
walk that called for dignity and grace. The 
burlefquc turn of his mind mixed itfelf with the 
moft fcrious fubjedls. In the Pcol of Bethe/day a 
^^ fervant of a rich ulcerated lady beats back a poor 
man that fought the fame celeftial remedy ; and 
in his Danae [for which the Duke of Ancajlir 
f ^ paid 60 guineas] the old nurfe tries a coin of the 
:** golden Ihower with her teeth, to fee if it is true 
** gold. Both circumftances are juftly thought, but 
'^^ rather too ludicrous. It is a much more capital 
^^ fault that Danae herfelf is a mere nymph of 
** Drury. He feems to have conceived no higher 
** degree of beauty/' Dr. Parfons alfo, in his Leo 
tures on Phyfiognomy, 4to. p. 58, fays, " Thus 
*' yielded Danae to the Golden Shower, and thus 
^^ was her pai&on paiated by the ingenious Mr. 
«* Hogarth:' 

The novelty and excellence of Hogarth's perfor- 
mances foon tempted the needy artift and print- 

* In Seymour*s hiftory of London^ vol. IL p. 885, is the 
following notice of our artift : 

•« Among the Governors of St, BartMomf^.v's Hoffital, wai 

** lately chofen Mr. William Hogarth the celebrated printer, 

<' whvO, uc are told, defigns to paint the ftair-cafcof the faid 

* •* hofpital, and thereby become a bcnefador to it, by giving 

<* his labour gratis." 


dealer to avail themfelves of his defigns *, and rob 
him of the advantages which he was entitled to de- 
five from them • This was particularly the cafe with 
the " Midnight GDnverfation/' the ** HarlotV* and 
** RakeV Progreffcs -f», and the reft of his early 
work^. - To put a flop to depredations like thefe on 
the property of himfelf and others, and to fecure 
the emoluments refulting from his own labours, as 
Mr. Walpoh obferves, he applied to the legiflature, 
and obtained an aft of parliament, 8 George IL 
chap* 3^,. to veft an exclufive right in deiigners and 
engravers, and to reftrain the multiplying of copies 
of their works without the confent of the artift J* 


V * He bought up great quantities of the copies of his works ; 
and they ilill remain in poiTeflion of his widow. The ** HaN 
** lot's** and the •• Rakers'* Progrefs, in a fmaller fize than 
the original, were publilhedy with his permiffion, by Thomas 
Bakc^eUj a printfeller, near the Horn tavern^ Fleet^Jireet. 

+ Of the Harlot^s Frogrefs I have feen no Icfs than eight 
piratical imitations. 

X Lord Gardenfion^ one of the lords of fcffion in Scotland^ 

on delivering his opinion in the court of feflion upon the que- 

ftion of literary property, in the caufe of Hinton and DonaUfon 

and others, all bookfellers, in July 1773, ^^"' introduced the 

works of Hogarth : ** There is nothing can be more fimihr 

** than the work of engraving is to literary compofition. I 

** will illuftrate this propofition by the works of Mr. Hogarth^ 

•* who, in my humble opinion, is the only true original aaih*. r 

••• which this age has produced in England. There is hirdly 

•* any charader of an excellent author, which is not juftly a*. - 

** plicable to his works. What compofition, what varu : . , 

•* what fentimcnt, what fancy, invention, and humour, wc 

** difcover in all his performances ! In every one of them an 

•* entertaining hiftory, a natural defcription of charafters, ao'^ 

♦* an excellent moral, 1 can read his works over aad ovc • . 

D 3 " Hot.:.. . 

[ 38 } 

This ftsmte was drawn by hU friend Mr. Ut^Hu * 
who took for his model the eighth of Queen j 
in favour of literary propeity ; but it was not fo i 
euraiely executed as entirely to remedy the evil ; fqi 
in a caufc founded on it, which came before I 
Uardwiike in Chancery, that excellent Lawyer deter* 

" Haraet't char^^eriClic of excellency in n-riiing, Jk!i' rrftl'iia 
**p!aitiiii and cTcry time 1 penife them, 1 dilcover new 
•* besuiici, and feel frcfli enicrtainmcni : can 1 fay more in 
*' comnicndatii'n of ihe literary compofilinnt of a Btilfr or ■ 
"Su'ifif There \t grear aitihority for this parallel ; the le- 
** gilUiitrc CLtnTiOercd the u-orkt nf aiithura and eiigravert 
" in the fame light ; t!iey have granted tlie fame prote^ion t» 
•' both; and it is remarliable, th^t the aft of paiiiament forihe 
*' pcD[c£iioD (.f ihofe sbo invent new ent{ra*ingf, or pcintt, 
" it almofl in the fimc «orii» with the aft for the proteitian 
•• and cacouragcmeni of lircrary com p*ifi' ions." Thii it taken 
&o(n a 4to pamphlet, puhlilliedin \-jT\hy JanuiSaJK'itB^ cf(|. 
advnc4:r, one of the eounfe) in ihc caufe. 

• " T!i;it Hi^/nipenned theftalute, I wai toMby Mr. //»■ 
*' ^ar/i himfcif. The deterinination of Lord llardiuLkt vi»» 
" lhu< occaBoned. Jfffiry, the prinifellcr at the corner of 
*' Si. M'UtWi Lam, had employed an artifi to draw aod en- 
*' grave a print reprefenting the Briiifti Herring FiftacTy; and, 
" having p^id htm for ji, iwok an aflignmeni of the right to 
*' the prgpcrty in ic accruing lo ihc arnit by the a^t of parlia- 
■" roent. The proprietorj of one of the magazines pirated 
" it in a Gipilar fize, and Jrftrys brought hit biil for an in- 
" junflion, to which the defendaatt demurred: and, upon 
" argiin-eot of the demurrer, ihc fame v/ai allowed, for the 
" reafon abtivemcniioned, ^inA the bill difmilTed. H»garib 
*' attended ibe heating ; and lamented to me that he had cni- 
•* pliiyed Hyg^int to draw the aft, addling, that, when he firft 
" prfjcfted it, he Imped it would be fuch an encouragement 
•' 10 engraving and printfelling, that prinlfellert' would fi>on 
" bctoice 31 nuTieniui as bakert' lliopt ; which hope, iiot- 
*' withllanding the above chcvk. does at thii limefccm to he 
*' pretty nearly gratified." For ih,; kbh ay rta^tri art iaJtbirJ 
I* Sir JoliD Uawkint. 


t $9 1 

mined that no aflfignee^ claiming under an aiSgn- 
ment from the original inventor^ could take any be* 
nefit by it. Ikgartb^ immediately after the pafling 
the ad^ pttbliflied a finall prints with emblematical 
devieesj and the following infcription exprefling hii 
gratxtttde to the three branches of the legiilature : 

** Id humble and grateful acknowledgment 
Of the graee and goodnefs of the LEGISLATURE, 


In the ACT of PARLIAMENT for the Encouragement 

Of the Arts of Defigning, Engraving, &c. 

Bj the Eodearcmny and alnx>ft at the fole Expence^ 
Of the Defigncr of this Print in the Year 173$; 

By which 
Not only the Profeflbrs of thofe Arts were refcued 
From the Tyranny, Frauds, and Piracies 
Of Monopolizing Dealers, 
And legally entitled to the Fruits of their own Laboun ; 
But Genius and Indufiiy were alfo prompted ' 
By the moft noble and generous Inducements to exert themfelres ; 

Emulation was ezcited| 
Ornamental Compofitions were better underftood ; 
And every Manufa^ure, where Fancy has any concern. 
Was gradually railed to a Pitch of ?erfedion before unknown ; 
laibmuch, that thoie of Geeat-Bilitaik 

Are at prefent the moft Elegant 
And the moil in Efleem of any in Euaops/* 

This plate he afterwards made to ferve for a receipt 
for fubfcriptions^ firft to a print of an *' Eledion 
** Entertainment ;'* and afterwards for three prints 

D 4 more^ 

C 4» ] 

more, reprefentlng the ^' polling for.Biembers for 
^^ parliament, canvafling for votes; anil-^h^ring the 
<^ members.'* The royal crown at the tpp of this 
receipt is darting its rays on mitres, gctron^ts, the 
Chancellor's great feal, the Speaker's hat, &c. &c: 
and on a fcroU is written, ** An A&. for the Encou- 
** ragement of the Arts of Defigning, Engraving, 
^* and Etching, by vetting the Properties thereof in 
^^ the Inventors and Engravers, during the Time 
** therein mentioned." It was " Defigned^ etched, 
*^ and publiihed as the A& direds, by fF. Hogarth^ 
•' March 20, 1754." After Hogarth's death, the 
legiflature, by Stat. 7 Geo. III. chap. 38. granted to 
his widow a further exclufive term of twenty years 
in the property of her hufband's works. 

In 1736 he had the honour of being diftinguifhed 
in a mafterly poem of a congenial Ilumourift. The 
Dean of St. Patrick* s^ in his " Defcription of the 
** Legion Club," after pourtraying many charadlcrs 
with all the fcvcrity of the moll pointed fatire, ex-. 

" How I want thee, humorous Hogarth ! 
** Thou, I hc::r, a pleafant rogue art J 
** Were but you and I acquainted, 
•' Every monfter fliould be painted : 
*^ You fliould try your graving tools 
^* On this odious group of fools ; 
*^ Draw the beafts as I defcribe them ; 
** Form their features, while I gibe them ; 

•' Draw 


C 4« 3 

f« praw them like, fori oflure jrc, 

•* Yc^jWiU; need no <tfrifoi;j^ra. 

^^ Draw them fo, that we may trace .j 

" All the foul in every face." 

. .... • * 

An elegant; compliment was icon after paid to f&« 
^orth by SomerviUj the author' of The - Cbace, who 
dedicates his Hobbinol to him as to ^^ the greateft 
" matter i^-the burlefque way/- Yet Fielding, in 
the Preface to Jo/epb Andrews, fays, >* He- who 
^^ ihould call the ingenious Hogarth a bUrlef^ue 
" painter, would,: in my opinion, dp him very little 
" honour, ^for. fureit is -much cafier, much lefs 'the 
*^ fubjedt of admiration, to paint a man with a nofe^ 
*' or any other feature of.a. prepofterous fizc, or to 
" expofe him^ih fome abfurd or monftrous^ attitude^ 
^' than to exprefs the afie&ions of men on canVas. 
'^ It hath been thought a vaft commendation cf a 
" painter, to fay his figures feem to breathe ; l)ut 
^' is a much greater and nobler applaufe, 
" that they appear to think */' 

* " What Caricatura is in painting, fays Fielding^ Burlefque 
is in writing ; and in the fame manner the comic writer and 
painter correlate to each other. And here I ihall obfenre, 
that as in the former the pointer feems to have the advantage ; 
fo it is in ' the latter infinitely on the fide of the writer : for 
the Monflrons is much eafier to paint than defcribe, and the 
Ridiculous to defcribe than paint. And though perhaps this 
latter fpecies doth not in either fcience fo ilrongly afiedl and 
agitate the mufcles as the other ; yet it will be owned, I be- 
lieve, that a more rational and ufeful pleafurc ariies to us 
frona it," 


C f ] 

Vmeent Bounu, that claflical ornamenc cf /T^/?- 
minjler Stbocl, addreffcd the following copy of hen- 


" Oyi mores hominum improbos, iaeptotf 
" Incidis, nee inclcganter, reri, 
*• Derifor lepidus, fed & fevcrus, 
** Correftor gravis, at ncc mvenuftus ; 
" Seu pingis merctricios amores, 
" Et fccnas mifera viccfque vitx ; 
•• Ut tcntat prctio rudem puellam 
f*.Corruptrijc anus, impudcns, obe&i 
, -jff, Ut (c vbc rcprimtt Ubidinofus 

• f* Seortator, vencri paratus omni : 
** Seu dcfcribcre vis, facete cenfor, 
" Bacchanalia fera protrahentcs 

, *^ Ad conSnia craftina" diei, 
. r". Fraflos ciim cyathis tubes, matellatn 
, .Sf. Not! plcnam oiodo fed fuperfluentetn, 
" Et fortetn validumque combibonem 
" Litantem fupcr amphord rcplet^i 
" Jiicundiftimus omnium fereris, 
*' Nullique arti6cum fecundus, xtas 
" Qiios prxfcns dedir, aut dabit futura. 
, f* Matte 6, cja age, maiSe fis aniicu* 

• ** Vircuti : vitiiquc quod noraris, 
*' Pcrgas pingerc, Si cxhibere coriim. 
" Cenfura utilior tua «quiorque 
•' Omni vel falirarum accrbitntc, 
" Omni vcl rigidiflimo cachinno." 

C 43 1 

By priated propoTaby dated Jan. i$, 1744-5, £^ 
ggrth offered to the higheft bidder ** the fix piduret 
<( called The Harlot's Progn/s^ the eight pidures 
•^ called Tbe Rake's Progrefs^ the four pidures re* 
^ prefefitbg Mornings Noon, Evemf^, and Nigit^ 
^ and that of ACompof^ rfSiroiUng ASreffes dr^ffmg 
^^ in a Barn ; all of them his own original paintings^ 
^' from which no other copies than the prints have 
^* ever been taken.'* The biddings were to remain 
open from the firft to the laft day of Fehruary^ on 
theie conditions : ^' i. That every bidder ihall have 
** an entire leaf numbered in the book i>f iale, on 
<< the top of which will be entered the name and 
*^ place of abode, the fum paid by him, the time 
'^ when, and for which pidure. — 2. That, on the 
'^ lad day of fale, a clock (ftriking every five mi- 
^' nutes) fhall be placed in the room ; and when it 
^' hath (truck five minutes after twelve, the fir ft 
*' pidure mentioned in the fale-book will be deemed 
^* as fold ; the fecond pidure when the clock hath 
*' ftruck the next five minutes after twelve; and 
** fo on fucccffively till the whole nineteen pidhires 
*^ are fold. 3. That none advance lefs than gold 
^ at each bidc^ing. 4. No perfon to bid on the laft 
•* day, except thofe whofe names were before en- 
*• tered in the book. — As Mr. Hogarth's room is but 
** fmall, he begs the favour that no pcrfons, except 
^' thofe whofe names are entered in the book, will 
^* come to view his paintings on the laft day of fale."* 


r 44 ] 

The piAures were fold for the following prices : 

Six Harlot's Progrefs, at 1 4 guineas each ^.88 4 o 

Eight Rake'sProgrefsjat 22 guineas each 184 16 o 

Morning, 20 guineas 21 o o 

Noon, 37 guineas 38 17 o 

Evening, 38 guineas 39 18 o' 

Night, 26 guineas 27 60 

Strolling Players, 26 guineas 27 6 o 

427 7 o 

At the fame time the fix piftures of Marriage- a-la-' 
mode were announced as intended for Sfale as foon 
as the plates then taking from them Ihould 
be completed. This fct of Prints may be regarded 
as the ground-work of a novel called " The Marriage 
** A&j' by Dr. Sbebbeare, and of " The Clandcftine 
** Marriage/' In the prologue to that excellent 
comedy, Mr. Garrick thus handfomely expreffed hi^ 
regard for the memory of his friend : 

** Poets and painters, who from nature draw 
** Their beft and richeft (lores, have made this law : 
** That each ihould neighbourly affift his brother, 
** And ftcal with decency from one another. 
" To-night, your matchlefs Hogarth gives the 

** thought, 
" Which from his canvas to the ftage is brought. 
•* And who fo fit to warm the poet's mind, 
** As he who pidturM morals and mankind ? 

'' But 

1 * 

^ • 


t AS 1 

^ Sot Dot the fame their chiraders and fceneft ; 
^^ Both Ifibour for one end^ by different means : 
^' Each, as it fuits him, takes a fep^rate road, 
'^ Tbeif one great objed:. Marriage a la Mode ! 
*^ Where tides deign with cits to have and hold, 
^^ And change rich blood for more fubftantial gold! 
*^ And honoured trade from intereft turns afide. 

To hazard happinefs for titled piide. 

The painter dead, yet ilill he charms the eye; 

While England lives^ his fame can never die : 
** But he, * who ftruts his hour upon the ftage/ 
^ Can fcarce- extend his fame for half an age ; 
** Nor pen nor pencil can the ador fave, 
** The art, and artift, fliare one common grave ••** 

* This idea originally occurred in Colle^ Cllher^s Apohj^^ 
From thence it was traDfplantedby L/^'^into his celebrated 
poem intituled 7ht ABor. Lying thus in the way of Garrick^ 
he took it up for the ufe of the prologue already quoted. 
Ladly, Mr, Sheri Jan J in his beautiful ilf<?/i(?/$-, condefcended to 
borrow it^ only becaufe it fpared him the labour of unlocking 
the richer ftorehoufe of his own imagination. 

I may however remark that Cthher^ when he fuggefted thif 
mortifying reflection, had more reafon on his fide than fome 
•of his fucceifors who have indulged themfelves in the fame do* 
lorous Urain of complaint. To whatever oblivion the cele- 
brated aftors of the laft age have been refigned, the pencil of 
Hogarth^ Dancey Zoffani^ and Reynolds^ had left Mr. Garrick 
not the flighted reafon to be apprehcnfive that, in his own 
particular cafe, the art and the artift would alike be forgotten. 
Aleanwhile, let our heroes of the (lage be taught to moderate 
their anxiety for podhumous renown, by a recollection that 
their peculiar modes of excellence will, at lead, be as well 
preferved to futurity as thofe of the lords Chatham and Man/* 
fields whofc talents, perhapS| might fupport an equal claim to 

6 Hogarth 


■ [ 4« ] 

He^hgrfh Iiad projcdcd a Happy Marriage, hj waf fl 
of counterpart to his Marriage A la Mode. A defigo J 
for the firft of his intended fix plates he had ikctched ' 
out in colours ; and the following is as accurate aa' 
account of it as could be furnifhcd by a gentleman 
who, long ago enjoyed only a few minutes' fight of , 
fb imperfcft a curiofity. 

The time fuppofed was immediately after the re- 
torn of the parties from church. The fcenc lay in 
the ball of an antiquated country manfion. On one 
fide, the married couple were reprefcnted fitting. , 
Behind them was a group of their young friends of 
botb fexes, in the aft of breaking bride-cake over 
their heads. In front appeared the father of the 
young lady, grafping a bumper, and drinking, with 
a fcemiiig roar of exultation, to the future happinefs 
of her and her hutband. By his fide was a table 
covered with refrcftiincnts. Jollity rather than po- 
Ittenefs was the defignation of his charaifter. Under 
the fcreen of the hall, feveral ruftic muficians In 
grotefque attitudes, together with fervants, tenants, 
&c. were arranged. Through the arch by which 
the room was entered, the eye was led along a paf- 
fcgc into the kitchen, which afforded a glimpfe of 
faccrdotai luxury. Before the dripping-pan flood a 
well-fed divine, in his gown and caflbck, with his 
watch in his hand, giving direftions to a cook, dreft , 
all in white, who was employed in balling a baunch-l 
of venifon. 

Among the faces of the principal figures, none* 


C 47 ]: 

l:M]t diat of tbe young ladf was completdy fioHhed. 
JEJfigartb had been often reproached for his inability 
«o impact grace and dignity to his heroines. The 
"fcride was therefore meant to vindicate his pencil 
£rom fi> degrading an imputation. The effort^ how* 
^vecy was unfuccefsful. The girl was certainly 
pretty ; but her features, if I may ufe the tenxij^ 
ivere uneducated. She might have attra&ed notice 
as a chambermaid, but would have failed to extort 
applaufe as a woman of faihion. The parfon, and 
hb culinary aflbciate, were more laboured than any 
other parts of the pi^re. It is natural for us to 
dwell longefl; on that diviiion of a fubjed: which is 
mod congenial to our private feelings* The painter 
(at down with a refolution to delineate beauty im« 
proved by art ; but feems, as ufual, to have deviated 
into meannefs ; or could not help negle&ing his ori« 
ginal purpofe, to luxuriate In fuch ideas as his iitua« 
tion in early life had fitted him to exprefs. He 
found, himfelf, in ihort, out of his element in the 
parlour, and therefore haftened, in queft of eafe and 
amufement, to the kitchen fire. ChurcbiUy with 
more force than delicacy, once obferved of him, 
that he only painted the backfide of nature. It mult 
be allowed, that fuch an artift, however excellent 
in his walk» was better qualified to reprefent the low- 
bom parent, than the royal preferver of a foundling. 
The iketch already defcribed (which I believe is 
in Mrs, Garrick^s poflTeflion) was made after the ap- 
pearance of Marriage d la Mode, and many years be« 


fijrt tifr^ffifi's dcaili. Why he did not pirfevcre iii'^^H 
Ms plan, during fuch an inren'al of timr, we cail^^^| 
only gucfs. It is probable that his undertaking re-^^H 
quired a longer fucccflion of images relative to do-'^^| 
mcftic happtnefs, than had fallen within his notice, ^^| 
or courted his participation. Hogarth had no chiU' ^^| 
drcn ; and though the nuptial union may be happ/^^B 
without them, yci fuch happinefs will have nothing j^H 
pifturefque in it; and we may obfcrve of this truljT ^^| 
natural and faithful painter, that he rarely ventured ^ 
10 exhibit fcenes with which he was not perfeftly 
well acquainted. 

Let us, however, more completely obviate an ^J 
objciSion that may be raifed agaioft the propriety of ^^| 
ihe foregoing criticifm. .Some reader may urge, that ^™ 
perhaps, all circumftances confidercd, a wedding ce- 
lebrated at an old manfion-houfc did not require the 
appearance of confummate beauty, refined by the 
powers of education. The remark has feeming juf- 
tlce on its fidei but Hogarth had previoufly avowed 
his intent to exhibit a perfect face, divefted of vnal- 
garlty ; and fuccecdcd fo well, at lead in his own 
opinion, that he carried the canvas, of which WK^^fil 
are now fpeaking, in triumph to Mr. Carrick, whovB^^V 
private ilritturcs on it coincided with thofe of the 
perfon who furnifhes this additional confirmation of 
our painter's notorious ignorance in what is ftyled— 
THi; GRACFFiTL. From the account I have receive* 
concerning a defign for a previous compartment t 
longing to the fame ftory, ihcrc is little reafon to ta- 




C 49 3 

fnent the lofs of it. It contained* no appeal either 
to the fancy or to the hearts. An artift^ who^ re- 
prefenting the marriage ceremony in a chapel^ ren- 
ders the clerk, who lays the haflbcks, the principal 
figure in it^ may at lead be taxed with want of 

Soon after the peace of Aix la Chapelle^ he went 
over to France f and was taken into cuftody at Calais, 
while he was drawing the gate of that town> a cir- 
cumftance which he has recorded in his pidlure^ in- 
tituledj " O the Roaft Beef of Old England T pub- 
lilhed Marth 26> 1749^ He was. adually carried 
before the governor as a fpy^ and, after a very ftriO: 
examination, committed a prifoner to Grandjire^ his 
landlord^ on bis promifing that Hogarth fliould not 
go out of his houfe till it was to embark for England. 
This account, I have good authority for faying, he 
himfelf gave to his friend Mr. Goftling at Canterbury^ 
at whofe houfe he lay the night after his arrivd. 

The fame accident, however, has been more cif- 
cumftantially related by an eminent Engiijh engraver, 
who was abroad when it happened. Hayman^ and 
Cbeere the ftatuary, were of the lame party* 

While Hegartb was in France^ wherever he went, 
he was'fure to be diffatisfied with all he faw. If ah 
elegant circumftance either in furnirurci or the or^- 
namcnts of a room, was pointed out as deferving 
approbation, his narrow ^nd conftant reply wa?j 
*' What then? but it is French I Their houfes 
*^ are all gilt and b — t." In the ftreets he was 

£ often 

t 50 1 

often clamouFODfly rude. A tattcr'd bag, or a pair 
of filk flocking5 with holes b them, drew t tor- 
rent of imprudent language from him. In vain 
did my informant (who knew that many Scotch and 
Irijh were often within hearing of thefc reproaches, 
and would rejoice at leaft in an opportunity of get- 
ting our painttr mobbed) advife him to be more 
cautious in his public remarks. He laughed at all 
fuch admonition, and treated the offerer of it as a 
pufillanimous wrc'ci:, unworthy of a refidence in b 
free country, n-.iking him the butt of his ridicule 
for fevcral evenings afterwards. This unreafonablc 
pleafjnTry was at length completely extinguilhed by 
what happened while he was drawing the Gate at 
■Calati ; for though the innocence of his defign was 
rendered perfectly apparent on the tcftioiony of other 
fltctcbcs he had about him, which were by no mean* 
fuch as could ferve the purpofc of an engineer, he 
was told by the Commandant, that, had not the 
peace been a<5tually jigned, he Ihould have been 
obliged to have hung him up immediately on the 
Tamparts. Two guards were then provided to con- 
vey him on Clipboard i nor did they quit him till he 
was three miles from the fliore. They then fpun him 
round tike a top, on the deck; nnd told him he »-u 
at liberty to proceed on his voyage without farther 
attendance or moleftation. With the fllghtcft allu- 
lioa to the ludicrous particulars of this affair, poor 
Hegarth was by no means plcafed. The leading cir- 
cumftancc in it his own pencil has recorded.. 

t 51 3 . . . 

Soda ^er this period he purchafed a Iktla houfe 
ACUJwick ; where he ufiully paffed the greateft 
part of the fummrr feafoB^ yet not without ogoii* 
fiooai vifits to his dwelling tn Lekefter Fitidi. 

In 17 jj5 he appeared to the world in tdie charac* 
ter of an author^ and publilhed a 4}uarto valuing 
intituledj ^* The Analyfis of Beauty^ written with a 
*'view of fixing the fluAuating Ideas of Tafie.'* 
In diis. performance he Ihe ws» by a variety of ex« 
amplesy that a curve is the line of beauty^ and that 
iDUod fwelling figures arc mod pleafing to the eye ; 
and the truth of his opinion has been countenanced 
by fubfequent writers on the fubjed:. 

Aax)Dg the letters of Dr. Bircb is the following 
iix)rtone^ fent with the '* Analyfis of Beauty/' and 
dated .Nfev. 25, 1 753 : " Sir, I beg the favour of you 
'^ to prefent to the Royal Society the enclofed work, 
" which will receive great honour by their accept- 
'^ ance of it. I am. Sir, your moft obedient hum* 
" ble fervant, Wm. Hogarth/' 

In this book, the leading idea of which was 
hieroglyphically thrown out in a frontifpiece to his 
works in 17451 he acknowledges himfelf indebted 
to his friends for afliftance, and particularly to one 
gentleman for his corre&ions and amendments of at 
lead a third part of the wording. This friend, I am 
aflured, was Dr. Benjamin Hoadly the phyfician, who 
carried on the work to about a third part, Chap. IX. 
^d then, through indifpofition, declined the friendly 
oS«;e with regret. Mr. Hogarth applied to his neigh- 

£ a bour^ 


i 5« J 

boufj Mr. Ralph ; but it was impoflible for two fucli 
perfont to agree, both alike vain and pofitive. He 
proceeded no farther than about a iheet, and they 
then parted friends, and feem to have continued fuch. 
In the Eftimate of the Manners and Principles of the 
Times, vol. I. p. 47, publilhed in 1 757 by Dr. Brown, 
that author pays a compliment to Mr. Hogarth's ge- 
nius. Mr. Ralphs animadverting on the work, 
amongft other things, fays, '* It is happy for Mr. 
^* Hogartbf in my humble opinion, that he is brought 
*' upon the flage in fuch company, rather for the 
*^ fake of fattening fome additional abufe upon the 
** public, than of beftowing any fpecial grace upon 
him. ^ Neither the comic pencil, nor the ferious 
pen of our ingenious countrymen (fo the Efti- 
•* mator or Appraifer's Patent of Allowance runs) 
** have been able to keep alive the tafte of Nature 
'* or of Beaut)'.* For where he has chofcn to be a 
niggard of his acknowledgements, every other 
man would chufe to be a prodigal : Nature had 
" played the Proicus with us, had invited us to 
*' purfuc her in every Ihape, but had never fuffered 
" U3 to overtake her : Beauty all had been fmitten 
•' with, but nobody had been able to aflign us a 
** rule by which it might be defined : This was Mr. 
*' Hogarth's tafk ; this is what he has fucccedcd in ; 
•' coinpofition is at laft become a fcioncc; the ftu- 
^* dent knows what he is in fcarch of; the connoif- 
" feur what to praifc ; and fancy or fafhion, or 
" prefcription, will ufurp the hacknied name of taflc 

^' no 


C 53 3 

'^ no more. So that, whatever may he faid in dif- 
*' paragement of the age on other accounts^ it has 
^^ more merit and honour to claim on this^ than any 
*^ which preceded it. And I will venture for once 
** to prophefy, from the improvements already ma- 
*^ nifeftedy that we ihall have the arts of defigning 
^^ to value ourfelves upon, when all our ancient vir« 
** tues are worn out/' 

The office of finifiiing the work, and fuperintend* 
ing the publication, was laftly taken up by Dr. Mo^ 
relly who went through the remainder of the book *. 
The preface was in lik? manner corredled by the 
Rcy.Mr.Townley. The. family of //(?rjr/^ rejoiced 
when the lad fhcet of the Analyfts was printed- olF; 
as the frequent difputes he had with his coadjutors, 
m the progrefs of the work, did not much harmonize 
his difpoiition. 

This work was tranflated into German by Mr^ 
Mylinsy when in England^ under the author's infpec- 
tion ; and the tranflation, containing twenty-two 
iheets in quarto, and two large plates, was printed in 
LfindoHj price five dollars. 

Of the fame performance a new and correA edition 

♦ Dr. jif, once obfervcd to J. N. in a letter on this fuhjeft, 
^ In the 13th chapter I was fomewhat puzzled with the^f 
** and roufiJ^ or the concave and cowvex^ appearing the reverfe ; 
*' till the fun happily ihining in upon the corqice, I had a fair 
•• example of what he intended to exprefs. The next chap- 
•• ter, wirh regard to colour hg^ did not go on quite fo fmooth ; 
•• for, if I fatisfied hm^ I was not fatisfied myfeif with his 
** peculiar principles ; nor could I relifh his laying the blame 
•♦ on the €olourmtn^ &c," 

E 3 was 

C 54 1 

WIS (Jafy Tj 1754) propofed for publication at Bcr^ 
Sn, bj Cb* Fr. Vok^ with an ezplanatioD of Mr. H«- 
gariVs iaiirical prints, tranflated from the French ; 
the whole to fubfcribm for one dollar^ but ^fter fix 
weeks to be raifed to two dollars. 

An ItaBan tranflation was alfo publifbed at Leghorn 
SB 176 1, 8rOy dedicated *^ All* illuitriflime Signora 
^ I%ina M^hMiux^ Jhmz In^Ie/e.^ 

** This book,** Mr. ff^alpoU obfcrvcs, ^* had many 
^ fcnfibk hints and obfervations ; but it did not 
^ carry the convi^os, nor meet the univerfal ac* 
** quiefcence he ezpe&ed, As he treated his con* 
*• temporaries with fcom, they triumphed over this 
^' publication *9 and irritated him to czpofe him, 

** Many 

^ One exception to tfait remark oc^rs in rhr G^ntlemuin'i 
Mfgmzhtt for I7$4« p. 14 ; where the rcvicner of the Analyfit 
obfervei, that it is " a book written with ibac precthon aad 
** perfpicuity which can on)y reAilt froo^ a pert'e^ koonrlcdge 
** of hifi fubjefi in al! iti extent. Hit rules are illustrated by 
** near two hundred flgnm, engraved by faimfelf ; the know* 
^* ledge which it contains is uoiverfaiiy vfeiul, and as all terroi 
** of art are avoided, the language uill be uuiverfaliy under- 
*< fiood. The pki}-er and the dancing- mafic r, whom others 
*' coniider as pattemi of jnfi aifrioD and gtnreel dcportjaaiit, 
** are not leis iaSni£ted than the ftatu;iry and ibe painter ; 
^* nor is thpre any fprdes of beauty or elegance that is not 
** here invrAigatcd and anpl)'fed. 

** A book, by whirh the author has difcovered fuch fupe* 
** riority, could fearce fiail of creating many enemies ; thofe 
^* whe-tdznit hit Analyfis to be juA, are difpoled to deny tb«t 
^* it is new. Though in the year 174S1 having drawn a fef* 
^ peotise line on a painter's pallet, with theie words under 
^ it, < the Itoe of beauty/ as a frooti^iece to his prints, no 
^* ^S^'^" hieroglyphic ever produced greater variety of ipcm 
# cmUtioBi bpth painters and fculpiois then came to ct^uira 


C s$ 3 

^^ Many wretched burlefque prints came out to ri- 
<^ dicule his iyftem. ThcFe was a better anfwer ta 
*' it in one of the two prints that he gave to illuf- 
** trate his hjrpothefis. In the bait, had he con^becfc 
^^ bimfelf to fuch outlines as compofe awkasdneftt 
^ and deformity, he would have proved half lu» 
^ afl^Ftion ; but he has added two iamples of grace 
*^ in a young lord and lady> that are ftrikingly ftiffl 
^ andaffeded. They area Bath beau and z countyi 
** Beauty." 

Hcgartb had: one failing in common with moft 
people who atuun wealtb and eminence without the 
9id of libera] educatioo. He afiedted to defpife 
every kind pf knowledge which he did not pofiefs. 
Having eft^blifiied his fame with little or no obliga^ 
noi^to literalure, he either conceived it to be need- 
]eik^ or decried it becaufe it lay out of his readu 
His fentiments^ in fliort, refembled thofe of Jsack 
Cadiy who pronounced fentence on the clerk of 

*^ the meaning of a fymbol, which they foon pretended ta 
** hsive been their old acquaintance ; though the account 
^ they could give of its properties were fcarce io fatisftdoiy 
** as that of a day-labourer, who conflantly ufes the kn/er^ 
«« could give of that inflnunent, as a mechanical power. The 
** work, however, will live when thefe cavils arc forgotten ; 
** and except the originals, of which it is pretended to be a, 
<« copy, are produced, there is no quedion but that the name 
^ of the author will defcend to pofterity with that honour 
'* which competitors only can wilh to withhold." 

It ibould be obferved, however, that the general decifion on 
H^gartb^s performance may be juft. Certain we are, that it 
hai not been reverfed by the opinion of the Firft of our Ms* 
4eni Painters. 

£ 4 Chatham 

[ 56 ] 

Cbafbanif becaufe he could write and read. Till^ 
ID evil hour, this c(^)ebrated anift commenced an 
author, and was obliged to employ the friends al- 
ready mentioned tp cotre^ his Analyfi$ of Beauty *y 
he did not fecm to have difcovered that even fpelling 
was a neceflary qualification ; and yet he had ven- 
tured to ridicule f the late Mr. Riches deficiency as 
to this particular, in a npte which lies before the 
Rake whofe play is refufed while he remains in con- 
finement for debt. Previous to the time of which 
we are now i[5eaking, one of our artiiPs common 
topicks of declamation was the ufcleflhei^ of book% 
to a ipan of his profefiioQ. In Deer^ftreiU among 
other vplumes configned by him tp the paftry cppk, 
we find ^urnbuU on ancient Fainting^ a treatife which 
Hogarth Ihould have been able to underftand, before 
be ventured to condemn* Garrick himfelf, however, 
was not more dudile to flattery. A word in favour 
of Sigi/munda, might have commanded a proof print, 
or forced an original fkctch out of our artift's hands. 
The furnifher of this remark owe? one of his fcarceft 
performances to the fucccfs of a compliment, which 
might have ftuck even in Sir Godfrey KnelUr^s throat. 

• The Anal^^: itfclf however alfords fufficicnt fpccimens of 
inaccuracy in fpclling. Thus we have (prcf. p. xix.) Sychmen 
ipifead of Cyclamtn ; (p. 44.) calc/donian for C/j»a!crdonian ; 
{p. 65.) nuckles for inucklcs ; (p. 97.) Irif-^-ftitch for Iris- 
fiicch, &c.&:c. In the (heeci that contain thefe errors , it is 
eafy to conceive that Ho^artb mud have been his owncorre&or 
of the prcfj. 

+ It IS fo extraordinary for an illiterate perfon to ridicule 
inaccuracy of fpdlingi that this might probably be a real 


C S9 J 

The foUowing autlien(icated flory of ourwtift 
will alfo fenre to flieir;liow much marc eafy it it to 
detcdt iU-plaoed €t hyperbolical adulation refpeding^ 
others^ than when appUed to ourfelves • Ikgarsk 
being at dinner with the great CbefeldtHf and fixne 
other company^ was told that Mr. TiB&r Fr^^ .iur** 
geon of Si. Bartbol0mew^s ib/pital^ a few evenings 
before at Dick^s C^ee^oufif hzdzSkntd, that Greene 
was as eminent in compofidon as HanieL ^^ Tha£ 
'^ fellow Freke^ replied Hbgartb, '^ is always (hooting 
^ his bblt abfnrdly one way- or another 1 Handel is a 
<< giant in mufic; Gr(rdif.(inly a light Florimd kind of 
** a compoftr.** — ^* Ay," fays our artift's informanry 
^^ but at the fame time Mr. Freke declared you Were 
^ as good a portrait- painter as Vandjck^^^^^^ There he 
<« was in the right," adds Hcgarib ; '^ and fo by .Gr<— I 
M am, give me my time, and let me dioofe my fub- 

With Eh*. Hoadlyj the late Chancellor of Wincbejier^ 
Mr. Hogarth was always on terms of the ftridteft 
friendlhip, and frequently vifited him at Winckefler^ 
St. Crefs^ and Alresferd. It is well known, that Dr. 
Hoadlfs fondnefs for theatrical exhibitions was fo 
great, that few viiitors were ever long in his houfe 
before they were folicited to accept a part in fome 
interlude or other* He himfelf, with Garrick and 
Hogarth^ once performed a laughable parody on the 
fcene in Julius Ca/ar, where the G^7^*appean to 
Brutus. Hogarth perfonated the fpedre ; but fo un- 
retentive was his memoryj thatj although his fpeech 



r 5» ] 

dmfifted wily of two lines, he was unaWe to get 
riiem by beart. At laft tboy hit on the following 
<fipedicnt in his favour. The vcrfc* he was ro €)©-■ [ 
hver were written in fuch large letters, on the omfid» 
oi an iiluminated paper- lanthorn, that he could read 
them whco he entered with it in his band on thft i 
ftaga. Hogarth painted a fcene on this occalion, re^ 
prcfcnting a futling booth, with the Duck of Cianber- 
land's head by way of fign. He aJfo prepared ihe 
play-bill, with charafterifttc oinaments. The ori- 
ginal drawing is ftill preferved, and wc could wifti it 
were engraved ; as the flighted Sketch from the 
defign of fo grotefque a painter would be welcome 
CD the numerous colleiaors of his works. 

Hogarth was alfo the moft abfcnt of men. At 
table he would fometimes turn round his chair as if 
he had finished eating, and as fuddcaly would return 
it. and fait to his meal again. I may add, that he 
pnce diEcficd a letter to Dr. Headiy, thus, — " To 
•* Che Dodor at Chelfia." This epillle, however, 
by gtrad luck, did not mifcarry; and was prefervcd 
by the laxe Chancellor of Winthefiert as a plcafaDk 
memorial of his friend's extraordinary inattention. * 

Another remarkable inftancc of Hogarth's abfcncfl 3 
was told rac, after the firft edition of this work, by one 
of his intimate friends. Soon after he fct up his 
carriage, he had occafion to pay a vilit to the lord- 
mayor (I believe it was Mr. Reckford). When ho 
want, the wcat^r was fim ; but bufinefi deuined 
him til> a viokoc fliower of rata came on. He was 
t let 

iet oMt of th^ Manfion-houfe by a different door frooni 
that at whigh he entered ; aad, feeing the i ata^ bfi« 
gan itnmcdiately to call (or a hagkncy-coach* Not 
one was to be met with on any of the neighbouuog 
(lands } and our artiflt (allied forth to brave the 
(lornia and a&ually reached Ldctficr^Us withoiK 
beftowidg a thought on his own carriagp^ till Vixu 
Bogarih (furprized to fee him i^ wet aad (jj^aibed) 
a&ed where he had left it, 

Mr. WaipoU^ in the following note, p. 69, it 

willing to expofe the indelicacy of the FUmiJb pain<> 

lersy by comparing it with the purity of H^arti. 

^^ Whep they attempt humour^" fays our author^ 

*' it is by making a drunkard vomit ; they take eva» 

^^ cuations for jokes ; and when they make us fick^ 

'^ think they make us laugh. A boor hugging a 

^' frightful frow is a frequent incident^ even in the 

^* works of Temers.*' Shall we proceed to examine 

whether the fcenes painted by our countryman are 

wholly free from the fame indelicacies ? In one plat^ 

of Hudibra^f where he encounters a Skimmingion^ a 

man is making water againft the end of a houfe, 

while a taylor's wife is moil fignificantly attending 

to the dirty procefs. In another plate to the fame 

work^ a boy is piiSng into the ihoe of Ra^ho, whAt 

the widow is (landing by. Another boy in the En^ 

raged Mufician is eafing nature by the fame mode j 

^d a Uttle mifs is looking earneftly on the operatioiw 

In the March to Fmcbley, a difeafed foldier has no 

t)e(ter employment ; and a woman is lik^wife (lai;ing 


t 6o :l 

ii htm out of a wiD(!b'i^« This circumftahce did not 
efcape the obfervation of Rouquet the enamelkr; 
whofe remarks * on the plates of our artift I (hall have 
siore than once occaiion to introduce* •• II y a,^ 
feys he, " dans quelqucs endroits de cct excellent ta- 
** bleau, dcs objets pcut ctrc plus propres ^ peindre 
** qu'a decrire. D bu vicnt que les oreilles font plus 
** chaftc que les yeux ? Ne fcroit ce pas parce qu'ort 
" pcut regarder certains objets dans un tableau, et 
" feindrfe de ne pas Ics^ voir; et qu*il neft pas A 
•* ats6 d'entcndre une obfccnicc, et de feindre de ne 
** Tentendre pas ! L'objct, dont je vcux parlcr, eft 
^* toutefois peuconfiderable; il s'agitreulementd*un 
•* foldat a qui le voyage de Montpelicr convjendroit 
*' mieux que cclui A'EcoJfe. 1 /amour lui a fait une 
^* bkffure, &c/' Was.this occurrence delicate or pre* 
cious enough to defcrvc fuch frequency of repetition ? 
In the burlcfquc Paul before Felix, when the High 
Prieft applies his fingers to his nofe, we have reafon 
to imagine that his manoeuvre was in confequcnce of 
fome otfenfivc efcape during the terrors of the pro- 
conful of 'Judea^ who, as he is here reprefented, 
conveys no imperfcd* image of a late Lord Mayor, 
at the time of the riots in London. In this laft in- 
ftance, indeed, I ought to have obfcrved that Hogarth 
mean to fatirize, not to imitate, the painters of lioU 
land and Flanders* But I forbear to dwell any longer 
on fuch difgufting circumflances; begging leave only 
to a(k, whether the canvas of Tenters exhibits nattier 

♦ Some account of this work will be given in a future page. 


C ^i 3 

obje&s than t1}ofe of the woman cracking a loufe 
between her nails in the fourth plate of the HarUfs 
Progrefsi a Scotch bag- piper catching another in his 
neck while he is performing at the EleAion feaft « 
Aurora doing the fame kind office for a Syren or Nereid, 
in the Strollers y &c. ; the old tooth lefs Freruh bcl- 
damSy ilobbering (Venus forbid we ihould call it ki£- 
fing) each other in the comic print entitled Noon ; 
the chamber-pot emptied on the Free Mafon's head, 
in the Rejoicing Night ; or the Lilliputians giving a 
clyfter to Gulliver f In fome of thefe inftances, how- 
ever, the humour may compenfate for the 'indelicacy » 
which is rarely the cafe with fuch Dutch piAures as 
have juftly incurred the cenfure of Mr. IValpoIe* 
Let us now try how far fome of the compofitions of 
Hogarth have befriended the caufe of modelty* In 
the Harlots Progrefsj Plate VK we meet with a hand 
by no means bufied in manner fuitable to the pu* 
rity of its owner's fundtion, Hogarth indeed, in 
three different works, has delineated three clergy- 
men ; the one as a drunkard ; the fecond as a glut- 
ton ; and the third as a whoremafter, who (I borrow 
Rouquef^s v^ords) " ell plus occupedc fa voifine que 
** de fon vin, qi^il repand par une d'ftraftion qu* 
" elle lui caufe." He who, in the eyes of the vul- 
gar, would degrade our profeffors of religion, .de- 
fervcs few thanks from focicty. In the Rakers Pro» 
grefs, Plate the lad, how is the hand of the ideal 
potentate employed, while he Is gazing with no very 
modeft afpcdl on a couple of young women who pafg 

z before 


[ <« ] 

hrt hii erf! mimbered 55 ? and to wtiat particti* 
lar objed are the eyes of the faid females fuppofcd to 
be direded * ? Nay, in what purfuit is the grenadier 
engaged who ftandj with his face toward the wall in 
Plate 9. of Indajlry end Wme/sF May we addrefs an- 
other queftion to the reader? Is iht *' /mile of Socrates,*' 
or the •' benevolence of the dcfigncr,*' very dlRinguifli- 
able in the half dozen laft inftances ? It has been ob- 
fcTTcd indeed by phyfiognomlfts, that the Jmile of 
the real Socrates rcfembkd the grin of 2. falyr; and 
perhaps a few of the particulars here alluded tO| a* 
well as the prints entitled Before and After, ought 
to be considered as a benevolence to fpeculative old 
maids, or miffts nor yctenfranchifed from a boarding 
fchooU Had this truly fenfibic critic, and elegant 
writer, been content to obfcrvc, that fuch grofs cir- 
cumftances as form the chief fubjcft of Flemijb 
piftures, are only incidental and fubordinatc in thofe 
of our artift, the remark might have cfcaped rcpre- 
hcnfion. But perhaps he who has told us that ** S/, 
** f *■/■/ hand was once improperly placed before the 
" wife of Felix," fliould not have fufTered more 
glaring infults on decency to pafs without a cenfure. 
On this occafion, though I may be found to differ 
from Mr. ifalpole, 1 am ready to coofefs how much 

• See a note on Marriaji'a-la-MeJt (under the j-ear 1 745) f 
frotn whence it fiiffictemly appe:irt, that iitJtlUacUi, See. had 
been imputed in /fi^artii't performances, and ihat, tlicrefore, 
nbcn he advertised the fix platet of Marria^t-a-la-Mede, be 
thought it neceffhry 10 atTure die public that no 'iKiitlkary, <"»- 
Jtanry, Qt ftrftntHty^ would bo found in any of thefe n 
Icntuiioo*' . 


f ^ 3 

itgSLvA h ^due to the opinkntt of tt geifttenikn WtiMb 
{nind has been bng exdrcifcd ttm ft fobjeft which is 
atooft new to me; efpecbiHy when I recoiled thtt 
my prefent refearcbes would have bad tio guide, bitt 
for the lights held tmt in die kft vdHme of tht 
Anecdotes of Pamtihg in England^ 

Hogarth boafied that he could draw a ^eant wHih 
his pike, going into an alehoufe^ and his Dog fe!* 
lowing hhn, with only three ftrotes ;----^hicb he cx^ 
ecuted thus : 


A* The perfpcdive line of the door. 
R The end of the Serjeant's pike, who is gone in. 
C. The end of the Dog's tail, who is following him. 
There are fimilar whims of the Caracci. 

A fpecimen of HogartVs propenfity to mcrrimetit, 
on the mofi trivial occafions, is obfervable in one of 
his cards requelling the company of Dr. Arnold Ring 
to dine with him at the Mire ♦. Within a circle^ tD 

* The exigence of this card having been douoted, it it 
-engraved in our title-page, from the original now in Charki 
Street^ Groftfenor ^nare^ in the poiTeffion of Dr. fVri^bt. 


C 64 

which a knife and fork are the fupportcrSf the 
written part is contained. In the center is drawn a 
pye, with a niitn on the top of it ; and the invita- 
tion of our artift concludes with the following fport 
on three of the Gr^^ifc letters— to Eia Beta Pi*. The 
reft of the infcription is not very accurately fpelt. 
A quibble by Hogarth is furely as refpe&able as a 
conundrum by Swift. 

•* Some nicer virtuofi have remarked, that in the 
*' ferious pieces, into which Hogarth has deviated 
•^ from the natural biafs of his genius, there are 
•* fome ftrokcs of the ridiculous difccrniblc, which 
** fuit not with the dignity of his fubjcft. In his 

PREACHING OF St. Paul, a dog fnarling at a cat'f-; 

and in his Pharaoh's Daughter, the figure of 
** the infant Mofes^ who expreffes rather archnefs 
'* than timidity ; arc alledged as inftances, that this 
" artift, unrivalled in his own walk, could not rcfift 
** the impulfe of his imagination towards drollery, 
** His pidlure, however, of Richard III is pure and 
** unmixed, without any ridiculous circumftances, 

* This pun reminds us of a fimihr one from Garth to 
JRowe^ who making repeated ul'c of iiis fnuff-box, the DoBor 
at lad fent it to him with the two G^eck letter: written on the 
l*d> 9f h (^^^t ^^)' '^^ ^^'^3 the four Dennis was fo provoked, 
^8 to declare, thut ** a man wlio could make fuch a vile pan, 
•* would not fcruplc to pick a pocket." 

f The cat fpitting at the dog is a circumftance in the fourth 
plate of Iiidrjfry and IdUnefs^ where it is naturally introduced. 
The dog^ attends on a porter who is bringing in goods ; and 
the warchoufe cat, who confiders this animal as an invader, is 
preparing to defend her perfon and prcmifes. 

" and 

C 6s ] 

•* and ftrongly imprefles terror and amazement/* As 
thcfc obfervations arecxtraded from the Jirj} edition 
of Dr. WartotiS •* Effay on the Genius and Writings 
** of Popi^* it would be uncandid if we did not ac- 
company them with the following note from a lubfe- 
quent edition of that valuable performance : <* The 
'^ author gladly lays hold of the opportunity of this 
'^ third edition of his work, to confefs a miftakc he had 
•* committed with refped to two admirable paintings 
•* of Mr. Hogari/jf his Pai'L Pkeachino, and his 
" Infant Mo^ls ; which, on a cloler examination, 
** are not chargeable with the blcnjilhes inputed to 
•* them. Juftice obliges him to declare the high 
** opinion he entertains of the abilities of this ini- 
•* mitable artift, who fhines in fo many different 
*' lights, and on fuch very diffimilar fubjtds ; and 
*' whofe works have more of what the. ancients 
•* called the H0OZ in them, than the compofi.ions 
•* of any other Modern. For the reft, the author 
** begs leave to add, that he is fo far from being 
** alhamed of retracing his error, that he had ra- 
'« thcr appear a Man of Candour, than the beft 

^ CuiTic that ever lived*." 


♦ When this ample, nay, redundant, apology by Dr. Jo^ 
ftflh Wm-t^n firft made its appearance, Hogarth wa^ highly de* 
lighted with as much of it at he undcrftood. l^ut, not knew* 
log the import of the word HOOX, he haf^.ntd m his frieiidt 
for information. All, in their turn, fported with his want of 
Acill in the learned languages ; Uril telling him ir wns Grecl; 
for one ftrange thing, and then for another, fo that' his mind 
remained in a (late of fufpence ; as, for aughc he knew to the 

F contrary^ 

t • 

C '« 3 

In one of the early exhibitions at Spring Gardetitt 
a very iilcafing (hiall pifture by Hogarth marfc its 
firft eppearance. It was painted for the cail of 
CharUmont, in whpfe collection it remains*. It was 
intituled, Piiquet^ or Virtue in Danger, and (hews 
us a young lady, who, during a t^te-^^titty had juft 
loft all her money to a handlomc otiicer of her own 
age. He is reprefcnted in the aft of returning her 
a handful of bank bills, with the boj>e of exchang- 
ing them for a foftcr acquifuion, and more delicate 
plunder. On the chimney-piece is a watch-cafe and 
a figure of Time over it, with this motto — NUNC 
Hogarth has caught his heroine during this moment 
of hciication, this ftruggle with herfelf, and has 
marked her feelings with uncommon fuccefs. "Wa- 
vering chaftity, as in this inftance, he was qualified 
to difplay ; but the graceful referve of Iteady and 
exalted virtue he would certainly have failed to ex* 
prefs. He might have conveyed a perfeft idea of 
iuch an IpbtgetUa as is defcribcd by Mr. Hayley, in 
one of the cantoes of his. beautiful poem on the 
Triumphs efTtmfitr ; but the dignity of the fame fe- 
male at the fauric altar would hare baffled the moll 
vigorous eSbrts of his pencil. 

contrary, fume fuch muning mifjht lie nnrfer thdie crooked 
letters, a* would ovcrlci ihc contplimciiti paid him in (he for- 
mer parli of ihe paragraph. No Hioic liroe, therefore, had 
palTed before he eould dctennine whether he ought to ntr*€t 
or continue hi$ charge agaioft bis adverfary : but ii wai at kfl 
obliterated. Fur feveral months afterwardt, hnwever, poor 
Hegarih never praifed hit provilion oi' hit wme, without being 
aflud what proportion of the H90£ he fuppofed to be >a citbcr. 
* An eiigraviog from thii pidiiie roiy be cxpcfied from 
Mr. Livtfitf. 

i «7 3 

Hogarti^ Plequtt, or Pirtue in Danger^ when ex- 
hibited at Sfrif^ Gdrdens, in Mfjf, 176 ij produced 
the following explanation : 

Ye fair^ ht warned, and {bun thofe arts^ 

That farithtefs men do life for hearts : 

Weigh o'6r and o^er the deftinM man^ 

And oft this little lefibn fcan ; 

If he his charafter don't fear. 

For yours he*tt very little care : 

With fcorn repulfe the wretch lb bold. 

Nor pawn your virtue for his gold ! 

Of gaming (cards or not) beware^ 

Tis very 6ften found a fnare ; 

But^ left my precept tlill fliould fail. 

Indulge me — whilft I tell a tale : 
Dorinda^ chearful, young, and gay. 

Oft Ihone at Balls, at Park, and Play ^ 

Bleft with a free, engaging air, 

In IhoYt, throughout quite debonnair ; 

(Excufe me — fliall I tell the truth ?) ^ 

That band of mifled, heedlefs youth, 

Graming— had quite poflefsM her mind. 

To this (no other vice) inclinM : 

She oft would melancholy fit. 

No partner near for dear Picquet ! 

** At laft a cruel fpoiler came," 

And deeply learn'd in all the game ; 

A fon of Mars^ with iron face, 

Adorn'd with impudence and lace ! 

Acquaintance with her foon he gains. 

He thinks her virtue worth his pains : 

F % Cards 


Cards (after nonrenfe) amc in courfci 
By fap advances, not by force. 
The tabic fct, the cards arc laid, 
Dorinda dreams not ftie's betray'd ; 
The cards run crofs, ftic fumes and frets, 
Her brilliant necklace foon flic betts> 
She fears her watch, but can't refill, 
A mtniature can fcarce be mill I 
Jit lafl both watch and trinkets go, 
A prey to the devouring foe : 
Nay more (if fame but tells us troc). 
She loll her di'mond buckles too I 
Her bracelets next became his prize. 
And in his hat the treafure lies. 
Upon her Virtue next he treats, 
And Honour's facred name repeats : 
Tenders ihc trinkets, fwears and lies. 
And vows her pcrfon is a prize I 
Then fwears (with hand upon his breafl) 
That he wiibout her can't be bled ! 
Then plies her with redoubled pains, 
T' exchange her virtue for his gains : 
Shame's purple wings o'erfliade her face. 
He triumphs over her difgracc ; 
Soon turns to jeft her fcruplcs nice. 
In fiiort, Ihc falls ! — a facrificcl 
Spoil'd of her virtue in her prime. 
And, knoi-ving Heaven detcfts the crime, 
Is urg'd, perhaps, to dare his rod, 
'* And niHi unfummoo'd to her God V 

C 69 3 

Ye fair, if happinefs yc prize^ 
Regard this rule. Be timely wife.'* 

In the *^ Miier's Feaft/' Mr. Hogarth thought 
proper to pillory Sir Ifaac Shard j a gentleman pro^ 
yerbially avaricious. Hearing this, the* fon of Sir 
Ifaac, the late Ifaac Pacatus Shard •, efq, a young 
Twn of fpirit, juft returned from his tsravels, called 
at the painter's to fee the pidure ; and, among the 
reft, aiking the Cicer$ne ^^ whether that odd figure 
^ was intended for any particular perfon^** on his 
replying, ^^ that it was thought to beyery like onfe 
** Sir Ifaac Shard ;*' he immediately drew his fword", 
and daihed the canvas* Hogarth appeared inftantly 
in great wrath ; to whom Mr. Shard calmly juftified 
what he had done, faying, ^' that' this was a verjr 
^ \2nwarrantable licence ; that he was the injured 
^^ party's fon, and that he was ready to defend any 
•^ fuit at law j" which, however, was never infti- 

About 1757, his brother-in-law, Mr. Thomhill, 
refigned the place of king's ferjeant-painter in favour 
of Mr» Hogarth ; who foon after made an experi- 
ment in painting, which involved him in fome dif- 
grace. The celebrated collcftion of pidhires be* 

longing to Sir Luke Schaub was in 1758 fold by pub- 


* A polite gentleman, of great learning, and much 
efteemed. He had ibme good piflures, and a very fine li- 
brary, in the great ho\)fe at FeMam (formerly inhabited by 
Lord Trevor)^ which, together with a contiderable eftate 
there, was bequeathed to him by his augt Mrs. /////• 


[ 7" 3 

lie auffion * ; and the admired plftiire of Sip/munr/4 
(purchafed by Sir Thomas Sebright for 404/. 5/,) 
exdted Mr. Hogarth's emulation. 

** From a contempt of the ignorant viitnofi of 
'* the age," fays Mr. WalpoUf *• and from indigna- 
*' tioD « the impudent tricks of pidhire-deak-rs, 
" whom he faw continually recommcmiing and 
« ■ vending vile copies to bubble collcGors, and from 
*• having never ftudicd, indeed having fcen, few 
*' good piflures ofihe great //u/w/i maftcrs, he ptr- 
'* fuaded himfclf that the praifcs btftowcd on thofe 
" glorious works were nothing but the cffefts of 
** prejudice. He talked this language rill he bc- 
** lieved it ; and having heard it often aHened, as is 
** true, that rime gives a meUownefs to colours an4 
** improves them, he not only denied the propofi^ 
" tioti, but maintained that plflures only grew 
f black and worfe by age, not dillinguiftiing bc^ 
•* tween the degrees in which the proportion might 
*' be trucor falfc. He went farther : he determinc4 
** to rival the ancients — and unfortunately phofc one 
<* of the finefl pi^urci in England as the objeft of 
^' his competition. This was the celcbiared Syr/; 
** muniia of Sir Luie S^baui^ now in the pofltflioq 
" of the Duke of Newca^/c, faid to be painted by 
** Corrcggie, probably by Furino, but no matter by 
" whom. It is impoffibie to fee the pltfture, or read 
" Dryden's inimitable talc, and not feel that the fame 
* of th» col- 

f* foi4 


• See the navie] of the purchafer 
IcAtOD, in the GntlcmM'i Afi^«uM, 

, and prici 
'.Jit, p. > 

i: n 3 

^ fi>nl animated both. After many eiTays^ Hogarth 
^ at laft produced his Si^fimmda^^hvLt no more like 
^ Sigifinuuda^ than I to Htnuks. Not to mention 
•* the wretchednefs of the colouring, it was the re- 
** prefentation of a maudlin (trumpet juft turned out 
*^ of keeping, and, with eyes red with rage and 
^ ufquebaughy tearing off the ornaments her keeper 
^ had given her. To add to the di%uft raifed by 
^ fuck vulgar expreffion, her fingers were bloodied 
•* by her lover's heart *, that lay before her, like 

«* that 

* Re painted tlie heart from an injeAed one provided for 
him by Citfar HmmBm the furgfcon \ and, on the anthority of 
repeated ioQ^e^ioOy I venture to affirm, that the fingers of 
jSf^j/^iMMM^ are unflained with blood, and that neither of her 
haodf i« employed in rending oi:nament8 from her head, or 
any other part of her perfon. In this inftance Mr. H^alpoU*s 
foemory mull have failed him, as I am con6dent that his roif* 
reprefentation was nndefigned. It is whifpered (we know not 
with how much truth) that Mrs. H. was hurt by this defcrip- 
tioo of the picture, and that ihe returned no thanks for the 
volume that contains it, when it was fent to her as a prefeiit 
by its author. It ihould feem that (he dill deligns to difpofc 
of this ill-fated performance, and thinks that its reputation 
required no additional biaft. 

1 hare reprinted this note, without corre&ion^ that I might 
diereby obtain the fairer opportunity of doing juilice to Mr. 
JFalpoIe^ concerning the faithfulnefs of whofe memory I had 
ventured to exprefs a doubt. Genuine information is not al- 
ways to be had ; nor (hall I hefitate a moment to apologize 
for the fallaeiouihefs of mine. The fingers of Si^i/mmiuU were 
^rigimaify ftained with blood. This indelicate and oflen&ive cir- 
cnmftance was pointed out by fome intelligent friend to /£^» 
gartb^ who relu^antly effaced it. 

A correfpondent, however, on reading this work, has fur- 
niihed an additional reafon why the lady already mentioned 
may be offended by the fevcrity of Mr. H^alpoWt ftridures on 
Si^Jmunda. ** It has been whifpered that Count Guifcard's 
•* Vfiskw was a copy from the daughter cfSir Jama fbonthiu. 

. f 4 "If 


r 7» 3 . 

that ^f a ihcrp, for her dinner ♦• None of the 
** fober grief, no dignity of fupprcffed anguifli, no 
•* bvoluntary tear, no fettled meditation on the fate 
** flic meant to meet, no amorous warmth turned 
" - holy by dcfpair ; in fliort, all was wanting that 
** fliould have been there, all was there that fuch a 
" ftory would have banifl:ed from a mind capable of 
*^ conceiving fuch comi>licaced woe ; woe fo ftcrnly 
'* felt, and yet fo tenderly. Hogarth's performance 
•* was more ridiculous than any thing he had ever 
^* ridiculed. He fet the price of 400/. on it, and 
*' had it returned on his hands by the perfon for 
*• whom it was painted. He took fubfcriptions for 
" a plate of it ; but had the fenfe, at laft, to fup- 
*' prefs ir. I make no more apology for this account 
^^ than for the encomiums I have bellowed on him* 
** Both are didated by truth, and are the hiftory of 
** a great man's excellencies and errors. Milton, it 

•* If this circuirftancc he true, the very accompliflied Critick 
*' of Strawierry Hill will own at l«aft that her wrath and Juno's 
«* had the fame provocation, * Judicimm Farldis^ fpretaqu% 
** injuria form dt^ Impartiality, however, obliges us to add^ 
** that Mn. Hogarth^ though in years, is ftill a very fine wo« 
** man ; ami that Mr. Walpole*s idea of what a pifture oiBi* 
<« g'fmtiniia ought to exprefs, is poetically conceived, and de- 
*^ livered with uncommon elegance and force of language« 
•* 'l\iit Joler grief ^ \\{r dignity of fupprtjed anguifh^ the involun^ 
«* iary tcar^ iht fettled meditation on the fate Jbt meant to meet^ 
«* and the amorous ivarmtb turned holy hy dej^air^ arc words that 
** fill the place of colours, fuppiy all the imperfc^ions of 
** Hogarth*s dcfign, and fucceed even where a Furino or a Cer^ 
*• rc^gio may have fnilcd " 

* I'his circumflance wat ridiculed in a grotefque print, 
called A Harlot iUtUering ^er a hullocICi heart. By WHUam 

« is 

t n ] 

* B faid, preferred his Paradi/e Regained to h*$ im* 
•* mortal poem •/• 

Hognrtt^ however, gave dtredions before his death 
that the Sigtfmunda ihould not be fold under joo L 
and, greatly as he might have been mortified bf 
ChurctdlVs inve&ive, and the coldnefs with which 
the pidure was received b^ the reft of the world f , 


* •• Many canfes may Titiate a writcr't judgement of hit owii 
works. Od that which bat coft him much labour he fets a 
high value, becaufe he is unwilling to think that he has beai 
diligent in vain ; what has been produced without toillbme eft 
forts is confi<1efed with delight, as a proof of vigorous faculties 
and fertile invention ; and the Inil work, whatever it be, has ne^v 
ceifarily rood of the grace of novelty, Mtkony however it hap* 
pened had this prejudice, and had it to himfelf.*' Dr. Johnsow« 
f Sigifmunda^ however, though flie milled of judicious ad- 
mirers, had, at lead, the good fortune to meet with a flatterer 
in the late Mr. Rohert LUyJ^ whole poem intituled Geuiiu^ 
J^nvy^ and 7/W, addreiled to WtUiam Hogarth^ efi^. ha« Cbp 
following lines. Time is the fpeaker. 

•« While Sigifinumda^s deep diftrefs 
•* Which looks the foul of wretchednefs ^ 
'* When I, with flow and foftening pen^ 
<* Have gone o*er all the tints agen, 
^' Shall urge a bold and proper claim| 
•* To level half the ancient fame; 
** While future ages, yet unknown, 
•* With critic air fliall proudly own 
♦• Thy Hogarth firft of every clime 
♦* For humour keen, or flrong fublime, &€•*• 
It is but juftice, on one hand, to add, that when LUfJynott 
this eulogium, he was not yet enlifted under the banners of 
fa£lion ; but impartiality, on the other hand, requires w« 
Ihould obferve that, having, like Hogarth^ feen few pidur^ 
by the beft mafters, he was treating of an an he did not uh^ 

The authors of the Montblf Review are of opinion, that 
Mr. Wlal^li fpeaks too contemptuoufly of Sigi/mutiJa^ and that 
there it no ground for tl)e infiauation that the perfon for 


I 74 ) 

JieneTtr wholly at)arKtoiied his dcfiga of hating a ^ 
pUce prepared from it. Finding abundant confola" 

whom it ttas paiatctl thought meuily of it. " Wc h.ivc in ■ 
" «ur polTeflion (fay tticy) a letter to H«ganb from the noble ^ 

' peifuii 
' lowing 

terms ; 

ivhich he ckprelTct himlclf in the fol* 

■/ rea/fy ihiisk the ptrformancc fi firiking ttni^ 

* immileilrt that the ceitfiaaiif htrviig it htfvt rnt'i tyn, 

' it »ftt» ece^imiHg melaiuiifffy idiat U arifi /'■ ettt'i mini, «,'AiVi| 

B itiig Jrira-it Icfort if. 

mUaft Jiximijh !n iht Utfi.** 

Surely [his cpiille, ifffcnuinCi wat ironical. OrAiallwelup- 
pofe that, afterward), his lordfiup oaly faw the jii^ure thrmigh 
the (Ufgufliiig medium of die price ? Mr. WVit/i'i opininn of 
the piece will be bell conveyed ia his own word*, which are 
therefore copied in p. 3i. 

Dr.iU^rW/, an intimate friend of Mr. i/o;(ir/i,«howu applied 
to for itiformatioD, relunied for anfuer: " Hii excelkocicftt | 
*■ as well a) bit foiblei, are fo univerfally known, that I canr ' 
** not add to (he former, and would not, if I could, to >b« 
'* latter. 1 (hould think wt lived in a \«ry-ill-naiuied worlrf, 
" if the wbimi and foIhcB in a man'i life were to be expolcda 
** and his oddities and millakes, uh^ra mitnt, fetioufly coa- 
■' demned. But the unhappy affair of A^i/niinMUreqliiret ania 
•' madvcrfion. And 1 will venture lo fay that even thi> Sigif, 
" mtiHda would not have deferved fo many hard thing* » 
*' hare been fa id of it, \i Mi . Hegarih bad timely and pro- 
" perly obfcrvtd the caution — Mmiuii Jt Taiula. But it wai 
*' lo altered, upon the criticifio of one ConnintTeur or ano- 
*' ihet ; and cfpcrially wlicn, relying no longer upon flrength 
" of geniui, be had recourfe to the /rigteti itttt unAf^iiitat 
*' woe of a female friend ; tttat, when it ^peiuwi ut the cx- 
•■ hibition, I fcarccknev it again myl«If, asd from a pafT^iblg 
" picture IE became lit:le belter than ih« wretched figure 
" here r«pi(fenled. In n>y opimon, 1 never faw a finer re* 
■* fcniblaacc of flcfli and blood, vthilc il « canvas wat wum, 
•* I tncAD v.ti i but. like that of real fl^ib, ai fbon as it wjs 
** chilled, the beamy wore off. And thii, be faid, could not 
** be helped, ai no col«ur«, but thofe of pure n.iture, as 
** ult'awwiwf, &c. nould keep their naturaibrightnefi. But 
" it is granted that colouring «a> not Mr. HsgAnb't forte; 
*' and the fubjc^t «c aic upon ia » ditigreeable ooc." 

lioa 1 

^0fi^ )a t^p flattetf of ipl&love^ lie appealed Scoax ti« 
public judgement to his own, and had adualljr tftlked 
with the eekbfaled Mr, Hn!f about the price of the 
engravings whkh was to haire been executed ft om a 
^alkr paiatiiRg*^ CQpiisd by himfblf from the large 
jpoe. Death abwe feeur^d him from the coocempt 
(vifh obAtnacy woidd ha^e riveted on his manne. To 
ezpcieis a ibrrow like that of ToMcnd's daughtex^ fear 
fnoifim artUb are fully qualified. We muft except 
indeed Sic Joftma RiymUs^ with whofe penotl Beauty 
in ^ her forans^ and the pafliona in all their varie* 
tv^s^ w^ equaUy familiar. 

Since the preccdbg paragraph was written, the 
compiler of this volume Jhas feen an unfinilhed 
plate of Sigi/munda, attempted after the manner of 
£delim^k, etched by Mr. Bafire^ but not bit-in^ and 
frotp vhich ccmfequently no proof can have been 
taken. The fize of the pkte ia i8 inches by i6t« 
The outlines in genera!, and particularly of the 
face, were completed under the immediate dire&ion 
pf Mr. Hpgarthjir. It was intended to bepubliihed 

* The firil ftetch in oil for Si^lfmunday and a drawing from 
the fini(K)ed pidure, are in the poffeffion of Mr. Samuel Ireland. 

t At the Club of Arti{U, it was not unufual to reproach 
Hogarth with want of due attention to the Ancients, whom he 
always afff^ied to defpife. It accidentally happened that Mr. 
Bafire^ whiift this, plate was in hand, was employed likewife 
in engraving,. £or the Society of Antiqnaries, two plates of aa 
antique bronze from thecolleiftion of Mr. HM's^ fo remarkably 
groteique, that Mr. Hogarth veiy readily confented that his 
)>Iate ihould be poftponed, and declared, *' he could not have 
f^ fcpagiaed that the Ancients had pollefied fo much humour.'^ 

. - by 

r -ji 3 

) wild would tears lb 

" As give four hundred pound» to cry ? 

** I own, he chole the prudent parr, 

" Rather to break his word than heart ; 

•' And yet, mcthinks, "lis ticklift dealing, 

" With one fo delicate— in feeling. 

" However, let the picture ruft, 

•* Perhaps time's price^nhancing duft, 

" As ftatues moulder into earth, 

" When I'm no more, may mark its worth j- 

" AnJ future coimoifleurs may rife, 

** Honed as ours, and full as wife, 

** To puff the jncce and painter too, 

" And nuke aoe then what Gaiiio 's now,". 

** Tlic Ijift memorable event in our aftift's life," 

as Mr. VValpole obfcrves, " was his quarrel with Mr. 

*' Wilkiiy in which, if Mr. Hogarth did not com- 

" mence diroft hoftiVrties on the latter, he at leaft 

•' obliquely gave the firft offirnce, by an attack on 

•* the friends and pany of that gentleman. This 

*' conduft was the more furprizlng, as he had all 

" his life avoided dipping his pencil in political 

** contefts, and had *arly refufcd a very lucrative 

" offer that was made to engage him in a fet of 

" prims againft the head of a court- party. Without 

** entering into the merits of the caufc, I (hall only 

" ftate tke hOi. In Srpletnbtr 1 76a, Mr. Hogarth pu- 

•• blifhed his print of The Tmef, It was anfv.ered 

•• by Mr. JViliit in a fcvcre Piorih Briton •. On thii 

* See hcr«ftei, p. 8j. 

i: 79 1 

^ the painter c AHJitcd the oHicatufii flf ^e wrhcn 
^* 'Mt.'ChurcinUj the poet, then Mgiged in the war, 
** and wrote his epiftle to Hogarth, not the brighteft 
^* of his worfcf ♦, and in which the fevereft Rrdkcs 
"** fell on a defefi: that the painter had neither caufed 
•^ nor could amend — his agef; and Vrhich, how* 
*w ever, was neither remarkable nor decrepit ; much 
*^^ lefs had it impaired his talents, as appeared by his 
*< having compofed but fix months befote one of 
•* his moft capital works, the fatire oYi the Metho- 
** difts. In revenge for xk&& eptftle, Hogarth carica- 
•* tured CburchtU^ under the form of a canonical bear, 
** with a club and a pot of porter — et vituU iu dig^ 
^* nus & hie — never did two angry men of their abi- 
*^ Utics ihrow mud with lefs dexterity.* 

The concluding obfervation of Mr. Wdlpok is mor- 
tlfyingf y true. It may te amufing to compare the 
account given of this fquabble, which long engrdTed 
the attention of the town, with the narrative of it 
printed by Mr. WiUies ; who dates the circumftances 
of it in the following manner : 

*• Mr. Hogarth was one of the firft' who, in the 
*^ paper war begun by lord Bute on his acceffion to 
*^ the Treafury, facrificed private friendlhip at the 
^ altar of party madnefs. In 1762, the Scotch mi- 

* In the Beauties of all the Maipzines, 17739 p* 440, Is a 
droll ^^ Epiflle from Jacob Henriques^ born lanho Domini, &c. 
** to Mefiieurs Hogarth and Churchill greering." 

t For this the Satariil unmercifully apologizes in the c^- 
clulion of his poem, which may be fcen in the Catalogue^ 
under ttie fear 1763, in a note on N° 2. 

7 ** nifter 



t So ] 

I variety of hireling) Into Bis 'ptf^- 
** fome of whom were gratified with peiiiions, others 
" with places and penfioas. Mr. Hcgartb was only 
•* made ferjeant-paiatei to his majefty, as if it was 
** meant to infinuatc to him, that he was not allowed 
•' to paint any thing but the wainfcot of the royal 
•* apartments. The term means no more than houfi' 
•* fainter, and the nature of the poll confined him 
•* to that bufinefs. He was not employed io any 
•' other way. A circumftance can fcarcely be ima- 
** gined more humiliating to a man of fpirit and 
" genius, who really thought that he more particu- 
" larly excelled in portrail'pcimitig. 

" The new m'miftcr had been attacked In a variety 
" of political papers. The Norlh Briton in particu- 
" lar, which commenced the week after Tbe Briton, 
« waged open war with him. Some of the numbers 
'* had been afcribed to Mr. Wilkes, others to Mr. 
" Churchill, and Mr. Lloyd. Mr. Hogarth had for 
" feveral years lived on terms of friendlhip and io- 
'* limacy with Mr. Churchill and Mr. Wiikeu As the 
** Buckinghamjbire militia, which this gentleman bad 
, •* the honour of commanding, had been for fome 
" months at Winchcjler guarding the French prifo- 
** ners, the Colonel was there on that duty. A friend 
** wrote to him, that Mr. Hcgarth intended foon to 
•* publilh a political print of The Times, in which 
** Mr. Pitf, Lord Temple, Mr. Churchill, and himfelf, 
■* were held out to the public as objects of ridicule. 
'* Mr. lyUkts, on this notice, rcmooftratcd by two of 

** ihcir 


C 81 3 

^< their common friends to Mr. Hogarib, that fuch t 
*^ prpceediqg would not only be unfriendly in the 
** higheft degree, but extremely injudicious ; for 
'* fuch a pencil ought to be univerfal and moral, to 
*' fpeak to all ages, and to all nations, not to be dipt 
^< in the dirt of the fa&ion of a day, of an infigni« 
*' ficant part of the country, when it might command 
** the admiration of the whole. An anfwet was fent^ 
^^ thai neither Mr. Wilkes nor Mr. Churchill were at* 
'* tacked in ne ^mes, though Lord Teff^le and Mr. 
** Pitt were, and that the print flxould foon appear* 
** A fecond mefiagc foon after told Mr. Hegartb, that 
*' Mr. WiUes fliould never believe it worth his while 
** to take notice of any refledions on himfelf ; but 
** if hrs friends were attacked,' he Ihould then think 
** he Was wounded in the moft fenfible part, and 
'* would, as well as he was able, revenge their caufe ; 
adding, that if he thought the North Btiton would 
infert what he fent, he would make an appeal to 
the public on the very Saturday following the pub- 
lication of the print. H^e Times foon after ap- 
peared, and on the Saturday following \^Sept. 25, 
** 1762,] N** 17, of the North Briton^ which is a di- 
*• redt attack on the king's ftrjeant-painter ♦. If 

«• Mr. 

^ As much of this paper as relates to our artift is here 
fubjoined : 

•* The humourous Mr. Hogarth^ the fuffofed author of the 
** Analjifii 0f Beautyy has at lad entered the lift of politicians, 
•* and given us a print of Sp&e Times, JFhrds are man^sprovincr^ 
** fays Pope I but they are not Mr, Hogarth* s ^xoy'mct. He 
** (bmewfaere meations his being indebted to a friend for a 

O ** third 



C 81 3 

_ _ W • • m a 

*' Mr. Wilkis did write that paper, he kept his word 

'^ better with Mr. Hogarth, than the painter had 

*^ done with him. 

€€ It 

** third part of the wording: that ii his phrafe. We all titter 
'** the inf^ant he takes up a /tm, but we tremble when we fee 
** the pencil in his hand. I will do him the juftice to (ay, that 
** he polTefics the rare talent of gihbetting in. colours, and 
** that in moll of his works he has been a very good moral fa- 
'* tirift. His forte is there, and he ihould have kept it. When 
'* he has at any time deviated hombif own ptcmlimr 'walk, he 
** has never failed to make himfelf perfectly ridiculous. I 
*' need only make my appeal to any one of his hifttrical or 
** portrait pieces, which are nov^* confidered as almoft beneath 
** all criticSfm. The favourite Slglfmunda^ the labour of fo 
** many years, the boafted effort of his art, was not human, 
'* If the figure had a referoblance of any thing ever on earth, 
*' or had the leaft pretence to meaning or exprefiion, it was 
** what he had (een, or perhaps made, in real life, his own 
'* wife in an agony of palTion ; but of what paflion no con-> 
** noifTeiir could guefs. All his friends remember what tire* 
** fome difcourfes were held by him day after day about the 
** tranfcendent merit of it, and how the great names oi Ra* 
^* phael^ Fandyke^ and others, were made to yield the palm of 
** beauty, grace, expreilion, &c. to Jiim, for this long la- 
** lK)ured, yet flill, uninterefting^ fingle figure. The value be 
'** himfelf fet on this, as well as on fome other of his ^orks, 
** almoft exceeds belief; yet from poUceacfs or fear, or fome 
** other motives, he has a&ually been paid the moft ailonifliing 
^* fums, as the price, not of his merit, but of his unbounded 
'• vanity. 

** The darling paiHon of Mr. Hogarth is to (liew the faulty 
*• and dark fide of every object. He never gives us in perfec- 
** tion the fair fact of nature^ but admirably well holds out 
** her deformities to ridicule. The reafon is plain. All ob« 
** jeds are painted on his retina in a grotefque manner, and 
'* he has never felt the force of what the French call is helU 
** tiotwri. He never caught a fingle idea of beauty, grace, or 
** elegance ; but, on the other hand, he never milled the leaft 
** flaw in almoft any produ^ion of nature or of art. This is 


I 83 J 

^^ It is perhaps worth remarking, that the painter 
'* propofed to give a feries of political prints, and 

*« that 

** hli true charader. He has fucceeded veiy happily in the 
** way of humour, and has mifcarried in every other attempt, 
*' This has arifcn in fome meafure from his bead, but much 
'* more from his heart. After Marriage a la MoJe^ the public 
*^ wiflitd for a feries of prints of a baffy marriage. Hogarth 
** made the attempt, but the rancour and malevolence of his 
** mind made him very foon turn with envy and difguft from 
** objeds of fo pleafing contemplation, to dwell and feaft a 
** bad heart on others of a hateful caft, which he purfued, 
^ for he found them congenial, with the moll unabating zeal, 
** and unrelenting gall. 

** I have obferved fonae time his fiulngjwn. He has long 

** been very dim^ and atmofi ^rm if his beams, ' He feems To 

** confcious of this, that he now glimmen with horrovued light m 

** Jebn BuU*s hottfe in flames has been hackneyM in fifty diffc- 

*^ rent prints ; and if there is any merit in the figure on (lilts, 

** and the mob prancing around, it is not to be aCcribed to 

** Hogartby but to Callot. That fpirited ItaUan^ whom the 

'* Engiyb painter has io carefully ftudied, has given us in the 

'* Balli diSfeJfania di Jacomo Callot^ the very fame ideas, but 

'^ infinitely more ludicrous in the execution. The piece it 

- ** Smaraolo anrnuto. Raff a di Boio. The Times mud be con* 

** fclTed deditute of every kind of original merit. The print 

** at firft view appears too much crouded with figures ; and is 

** in every part confufed, perplexed, and embarrafied. The 

^^ fiery is net well told to the eye; nor can we any where difcovcr 

** the fainted ray of that genius, which with a few ftrokes of 

** the pencil enabled us to penetrate into the deepeft recelTes 

** of thought, and even caprice, in a rake^ a harlot^ and a fre* 

** Jfigate yoMfig man of quality* 

•• J own loo that I am grieved to fee the genius of Hogarth^ 
*^ which flionld take in all ages and countries, funk to a level 
•* with the miferabie tribe of party-etchers, and now, in his 
** rapid decline, entering into the poor politics of the faction 
*^ of the day, and dci'ccnding into low perfonal abufe, indcad 
*• of inftru^ing the world, as he could once, by manly moral 
-** fatire. Whence can proceed fo furprizing a change ? Is it 
^* the fiowardncTs of old age ? Or is it that envy and inipa- 

9 2 ** ticnce 

C 84 ] 

<< that Tie Times were marked Plate I. No farther 

<< progrefs was however made in that defign. The 

*^ public 

** tience of refplendent merit in every way, at which he has 
*< always fickened ? How often has he been remarked to droop 
*^ at the fair and hooefi applaufe given even to a friend, 
** though he had particular obligations to the very fame gen- 
** tleman ! What wonder then that fome of the moft refpec- 
*' table chara&ers of the age become the objeAs of his ridi« 
** cule } It is fufiicient that the reft of mankind applaud ; 
** from that moment he begins the attack, and you never can 
** be well with him, till he hears an univerfal outcry againd 
** you, and till all your friends.have given you up. There is 
** bciides a filly affectation of fingularity, joined to a ftrong 
** defire of leading the reft of the world : when that is once 
'* found impradlicable, the fpleen engendered on fuch an oc« 
** cafion is difcharged at a particular objed, or ends in a ge- 
*' nerai mifanthropy. The public never had the leaft Ihare of 
** Hogarth's regard, or even good-will. Gain and tfoniiy have 
*< fteered his little bark quite through life. He hat never 
^ been confiftent but with refpe£t to thole two principles. 
** What a defpicable part has he a6led with regard to the fo- 
** cicty oi Arts and Sciences! How fliuffling has his conilux't 
•* ^en to the whole body of Artifts ! Both thefe ufefi:! I'ocic- 
^* ties have experienced the moft ungentcel and offcnfivc bcha- 
•* viour from him. There is at this hour fcarccly a linglc 
*• man of any degree of merit in his own proteltion, with 
** whom he docs not hold a profcfTed enmity. Is is impoffiblo 
*< the lea ft degree of fricndfhip could ever fubfift in this in- 
'* tercourfe of the arts with him ; for his infufferabic vanitv 
** will never allow the leaft merit in another, and no man or' 
** a turn of mind will ever condefcend to feed his pride 
•• with the grofs and fulfomc praife he experts, or to burn the 
'* incenfe he claims, and indeed fnuffs like a moft gracious 
*' god. To this he joins tio i'mall ftmre of jealoufy ; in con- 
'* fequence of which, he has all his lite endeavoured to lupprefs 
'< riling merit, and has been vcr)' expert in every mean under- 
** hand endeavour, to extinguiih the leaft fpark of genuine 
^* fire. But all treHius was not born, nor will die, with Mr. 
** Ilo^arth: and notwithftanding all his ungenerous efforts to 
^^ damp or chill it in another, i will crufi ig a difcerning and 

•< liberal 

C «5 3 

" public beheld the firft feeble eflforts with execra- 
'^ tionsy and it is faid that the caricaturift was too 

** much 

** liberal fpirit in the Knglljb nation, to patronize and reward 
<* all real merit. It will in the end rife fuperior to the idle 
'* laugh of the hour, which thefe triflers think it the higheft 
'* praife to be able to raife. For my part, I firarcely know a 
*' more profligate principle, than the indifcriminately facri- 
** ficing every thing, however great or good, to the dangerous 
** talent of ridicule ; and a man, whofe fole objedt is dummodo 
** rifum excutiatj ought to be avoided as the word peft of fo* 
'* ciety, as the enemy moft to be feared, I mean a treacheroiu 
** friend. Such a man will go all lengths to raife a laugh at 
** your expence, and your whole life will be made miferable 
/* from his ambition of diverting the company for half an 
*• hour, 

** I love to trace the ideas of a Genius, and to mark the 
** progrefs of every art. Mr. Hogarth has heard much of 
•* the cohwehs of the law, and the Jpinning^m jpider-weh^ feV. 
** This is thrown on paper, and the idea carefully treafured. 
** Lord Hardwicie being at the head of the law, and defervedly 
*' in as high eileem with his countrymen as any man who 
'* ever held the feals, unfpotted in life, and equally revered 
*' by prince and people, becomes an excellent fubje£t for the 
** fatirical pencil of a malevolent painter. He is accordingly 
*' emblematically reprefented by Mr. Hogarth as a great fpider 
** in a large, thick web, with myriads of the carcafes of^^es^ 
•• clients I fuppofe, fucked to death by the gloomy tyrant. 
** Mr. Hogarth had heard of Mr. Pittas being above all his 
** fellow -citizens, and of his fuperior virtue having raifed him 
•* to an envied and dangerous height of grandeur. Now this 
'* he has taken literally, and, with the kind aid of Callot^ has 
^* put Mr. Pitt on flilts, and made the people look up to him i 
*^ which, after all this infipid ridicule, they will continue to 
'* do, as a kind of tutelar deity, from whom they expect 
'* that fecurity and thofe blellings they defpair of from others. 
** As to the conceit of the hellowsy to fignify, I fuppofe, Mr. 
•• Pitt's endeavours to blow up the flames of war and difcord, 
•* it is at once very poor and very falfe. His whole condpft 
*< the laft feffion in parliament, and out of the houfe ever 
y finccy has demonilrated the contrary : ne^ne ihto hoc ora* 

G 3 •* tionc 

[ 86 ] 

" mneltlrtirt by the general opinion of mankind, 
*' poffefs himfelf afterwards fuificicntly for the ex 
" cution of fuch a work* 

** Whc| 

*' tione Jehtm, fei «««/« mapt viti ti moribus cemfraha'y 
" Cic. dc Fin. 

'* Lord I'cmplt is a of fine parti nnd tinftillied hap; J 
" nour, who has (hewn a ihorough diJinterefiedncrj, a greaf 3 
" lore of liberty, aod a fteady aitMhmetit to the public, 
*' every pnri of hit contluft through lite. It wa» impoflibl^^ 
** fuch a charafler could be miflcd by ihc poifoooui Ihafts of 1 

•' eUTy, which we fee pointed at all fiipcrior virtue 

" Mr. Hfgarih's wit on this noble lord is confiped to the 
•' wretched conceits of the Temfli Cofcc-hovfc, and a fquiri to 
•' fignify t\it flawing aa . je roiniftry. I really believe thi» wit 
** is all Mr. Heganh'i owe. 

" When 3 man of parts dedicates his talents to the fervice 
" of his country, he Jtfervcs the higheft rewards; when he 
*' nukes them fubfersicnt to bafe purpofes, he tneriln execra* 
*' tion aod punilhmcnt. Amont; the Spa^am, mufic and poe- 
*' try were made to ferve the nobltft piirpofci of the Lacrjf. 
*' manias ftate. A itianly courage and great contempt of 
'* death were infpiredliy them; and the poet, mufician, fol- 
'* dier, and patriot, were often the fame good citizen, wht> 
" defpifed the low mtchcmic inert of the profcflion, and wai 
•* zealous only for the glory of his coiinrry. In the year 
•' 174.6, when the Guarji were ordered to march to Fia.-hby, 
" on the moft important (crrice they could be employed in, 
•' the cxtinguifhing a Scettijb rebellion, which threatened the 
•' intire roin of the illuflrious family on (he liirone, an<], in 
*' confequcnce, of our Hbertiei, Mr. Hoganb came out with 
" B print to make them tiJicuIoits to their oounirymcn and to 
" all EuTfpt; or perhaps it rather was to tell the Steli in his 
*' way how little the Guard* were to be feared, and that they 
" might fafcly advance. That the ridicule mi^hl not ftop 
" bere, atid that it might be as of&nlive at pufTible to his own 
"Jbvtrtign, he dedicated the print to the king of Prti[ilia •, 
** as an eiKitiTapf ef am. \% this pattiolilm! Id old ^«n^ 
f! or in any of the Gncian ftates, he would have been pii> 
* Ttut is the orthography of Air. Htgarib, Sec th4 print. * 

C ?7 1, 

^' When Mr. Wm^s was the fecond time brougbt 
•• from the ^awer to Wefiminfter^haU^ Mr. Hogotth 
*' (kulked behind in a corner of the gallery of the 
^' Court of Common Pleas ; and while the Chief Juf- 
^* tice Pratt *, with the eloquence and courage of old 

** nifhed as a profligate citizen, totally devoid of all principle. 
** In Engiattd he Is rewarded, and made /irjeant painter to 
*< that very king's grandfon. I think the term means the 
^* fame as what is vulgarly called >^<7«/^'painter ; and indeed 
** he has not been fuffered to caricature the royal family. The 
** pod of portrdit-patnter is given to a Sc9tfmmiy one Ran^ay\ 
'* Mr* Hogarth is only to paint the wainfcot of the rooms, or, 
'* in the phrafe of the art, may be called thtit ^nmei-faUter^ , 
^' But how have the Guards offended Mn Hogarth^ for he it 
•* again attacking them in Tht Times f Lord Harringtons it* 
** cond troop of grenadier guards is allowed to be very pcrfeft 
•* in every part of military difciplinc; and Hogarth's friend, . 
*' the kingofPri^, could have (hewn him the real trApor* 
'* tance of it. He had heard them much applauded, and 
** therefore muft abufe them. The ridicule ends however in 
** mrs compoffd hy Harrington^ and in a piece of cl&ck'Work ; 
'S but he ought to have known, that though rbomme machisu 
•* is not found philofophy, it is the true doctrine of tactics. 

** The Militia has received fo many jull tedimonies of ap- 
'^ plaufe, both from their king and country, that the attack 
*' of envy and malevolence was long expected. But I dare fay 
** this poor jeftcr will have Mr. George TownJhend*s free confcnt 
*• to vent his fpleen upon him and the gentlemen of Norfolk* 
** I believe he may ever go on in this way almoft unnoticed ; 
•* at one time ridiculing the Guards for a difordcrly^ and at 
" another the Militia for an exa^ and orderly march. Mr. 
** Tows^fiend will flill have the warm applaufe of his country, 
*' and the trueft fatisfadtion, that of an honeft heart, for his 
•* patriot labours in eftablilhing this great plan of internal de- 
** fence, a Militia^ which has delivered us from the ignominy 
•• of firiign hirelings^ and the ridiculous fears of invafion, by 
'* a brave and well-difcipHned body of EngUJhmen^ at all times 
•* ready and zealous for the defence of their country, aad of 
^^ its laws and conditution.'* 

* The prefent Lord Camdem^ 

G 4 « Rome^ 

C 88 ] 

^^ Rome, was enforcing the great principles of Magna 
^^ Cbarta, and the EngUfi conftitution, while every 
'* breaft from him caught the holy flame of iibeny, 
'^ the painter was wholly employed in caricaturing 
^^ the perfon of the man ; while all the reft of his 
^^ fellow citizens were animated in his caufSy for they 
^^ knew it to be their own caufe, that of their coun- 
^^ try, and of its laws. It was declared to be fo a 
** few hours after by the unanimous fentcnce of the 
** judges of that court, and they were all prefent. 

" The print of Mr. Wilkes was foon after pub- 
*' lifted, drawn from the life by IVilUam Hogarth. It 
*^ muft be allowed to be an excellent compound cari" 
^^ caiuraf or a caricatura of what nature had already 
^^ caricatured. I luiow but one ftort apology can be 
•* made for this gentleman, or, to fpcak more pro- 
'* perly, for the perfon of Mr. IVilkes. It is, that 
*' he did not make himfelf, and that he never was 
^^ folicitous about the cafe of his foul, as Shakfpeare 
^^ calls it, only fo far as to keep it clean and in 
*^ health. I never heard that he once hung over the 
*^ glafly ftrcam, like another Narcijus, admiring the 
*• image in it, nor that he ever ftolc an amorous 
•' look at his counterfeit in a fide mirrour. His 
'• form, fuch as it is, ought to give him no pain, 
** becaufe it is capable of giving plcafurc to others. 
•* 1 fancy be finds himfelf tolerably happy in the 
** clay-cottage J to which he is tenant for life^ becaufe 
^* he has learnt to keep it in good order. While 
«« the ftarc of health and animal fpirits, which hea- 

. <* vcn 

C «9 ] 

'* ven has given him» iliall hold out^ I can fcarccly 
'^ imagine he will be one moment peevilh about the 
^^ outfide of fo precarious, fo temporary a habitation, 
^^ or will even be brought to own, ingemum Galha 
^^ male habitat. Monfieur tft mat logi» 

^^ Mr. Churchill was exafperated at this perfinat 
*^ attack on his friend. He foon after publilhed the 
*^ Epiftie to ffllliam Hogarth «, and took for the motto, 
^* ut piSura poejis. Mr. Hogartb^i revenge againft 
*^ the poet terminated in vamping up an old print of 
^* a pug' dog and a bear, which he pubiifhed under 
« the title of The Bruifer C. Churchill (once the 
^* Revd. !) in the character of a Rujftan HercU'^ 
«* les. &c.'* 

The Editor of the Monthly Review^ for November^ 
1769, in an account of Mr. Wilkes^s correfpondcnce, 
remarks, ** The writer of this article had in fub* 
*^ ftance the fame relation from the mouth of Mr. 
^' Hogarth himfclf, but a very little while before his 
<' death f ; and the leading fads appeared, from his 
" candid reprefentation, in nearly the fame light as 
" in this acount which our readers have been juft 
** peruling." 

* This gave rife to a catchpenny, intituled , ** ^«/' Reply 
**• to Parfon Bruin ; or, a Political ConferencC| occafioned by 
«' an Epiftie to miUam Htgitrib^ £fq;" 4to. 

f *^ Which was prohably accelerated by this unlucky (we 
*^ had alrooft faid unnatural) event ; for Wllkis^ Churcbil!^ and 
** Hogarth^ had been intimate friends, and might have conti- 
** nued fuch as long as they lived, had not the daemon of po- 
** iitics and party fown diicord among them, and dllTolved 
♦• rtclr union.'* 

6 I have 

C 9* II 

I have been aiRircd by tbftftiepd^ who firJft carried 
txid read the mvedive of CkwrcldU to Hogarth^ that 
he feemed quite infeoibJbe to the oiofi farcafiical 
parts of it. He, wa« fi> thoroug^l^ wounded before 
by the North Briion, efpecially widi regard to what 
related to domeftic happinefs, that he htj ho where 
open to a frefli ftroke. Some readers, however, may 
entertain a doubt on this fubjc^ A man feels moft 
exquifitely when the merit of which he is proudeft is 
denied him ; and it might be urgedj that Hogarth 
was more foUcitous to maintain the charafter of a 
good painter, than of a tender hulband. 

One quotation, however, from CburchilTi Epiftlc 
the warmeft admirers of our matchlefs artift muft be 
pleafed with : 

^' In walks of humour, in that caft of ftyle, 
<' Which, probing to the quick, yet makes us fmile ; 
'^ In Comedy, his natural road to fame, 
^^ Nor lee. me call it by a meaner name, 
^^ Where a beginning, middle, and an end, 
*^ Are aptly join*d ; where parts on parts depend, 
'' Each made for each, as bodies for their foul, 
** So as to form one true and perfed whole, 

♦ — the friend ] Dr. Mfrell. The conduct of this gen- 
tleman cannot fail to put the reader in mind of Sir Fretful 
Plagiary s complaint in Mr. Sheridan's Critic: ** — if it is abufe, 
^* why one is always fure to hear of it from one damo*d |^od-> 
** naiurcd/r/Vff^ or another." 

« Where 

[ 9» 1 

•' Where a plain ftorj^to the eye is t»ld, 
*« Which we conceive the moment we behold • j 
*^ Hogarth unrivard ilands, and fliall engage 
i* Unrivard praife to the moll diflant age/' 

Hogarth having be^n faid to be in his dotage wh^n 
he produced his priot of the Bear, it fhould feem as 
if he had . been provoked to make the following ad- 
ditions to this print, in order to give a further fpe- 
cimen of his fiill exifting genius* 

In the form of a framed picture on the painter^s 
palette, he has fcprefehted an Egyptian pyramid ^f , on 
the fide of which is $ Chejhire cheefe j;, and round it 

3000 iL 

* M While thinking figures &om the canvas ftart^ 
** And Hogarth is the Garrkk of his art/* 
is a couplet in Smart^s Hilliad §. 

f The pyramid, &c. This ftroke of f.^tire was retorted on 
Hogarti^ and employed to exprefs his advanced age and de- 
clining abilities ; while the CbeJInre cheefe, with 3000 /• on it» 
feemed to imply that he himfslf merited an annual penfton. 

X I received this explanation from an injpniaus friend.— 
The late Mr. Rogers explained it thus : " Mr. Pitt is repre- 
^* fented in it fitting at his eafe [in the pofirion of the great 
** Sir Ijaac Newton in WcJlmtnft9r^Ahhey\ with a milUftone 
** hanging over his head, on which is written 3000/. in allufion 
'* to his faying, that Hanover was a mill-flone round the neck 
^' oi England^ on account of the expences attending it ; and his 
^* afterwards adding himfelf to the public expences by ac- 
^* cepting a penfion of 3000/. a year. He is firing a mortar- 
^* piece levelled at a Dove bearing an olive-branch (the fymbol 
^ of peace) perched on the flamlard of England ; and is fup- 

§ The compliment from the KiHtad to Mr. Hogarth^ Mf. Smart 
obferves, '< is reciprocal , and rcflc6ifcs a luftre on Mr. Garruk^ both 
^' of them having fimilar talents, equally capable of tiic highcft clc- 
'* vation, and of reprcfcntiog the ordinary fccnes of life with the mod 
U esquiiite humour." 

** ported 

C 9^ ] 

3000 /. per annum ; and at the foot a Roman Ve* 
tcran in a reclining pofture, deiigned as an ailufion 
to Mr. PitCs reiignation. The cheefe is meant to 
allude to a former fpcech of his, wherein he faid 
that he would rather fubfift a week on a Che/hire 
chccfc and a iboulder of mutton, than fubmit to the 
implacable enemies of his country. 

But to ridicule this charadtcr fiill more, he is, as 
he lies down, firing a piece of ordnance at the ftan- 
dard of Britain, on which is a dove with an olive- 
branch, the emblem of peace. On one fide of the 
pyramid is the City of London, reprefented by the 
figure of one of thQ Guildball giants, going to crown 
the reclining hero. On the other fide is the king of 
Fruffia^ in the charader of one of the Ca/ars^ but 
fmoking his pipe. In the center fiands Hogarth 
himfelf, whipping a Dancing Bear (Churchill) which 
he holds in a firing. At the fide of the Bear is a 
Monkey, defigned for Mr. Wilkes. Between the legs 
of the little animal is a mop-fiick, on which he 
feems to ride, as children do on a hobby-horfe : at 
the top of the mop-ftick is the cap of liberty. The 
Monkey is undergoing the fame difcipline as the 
Bear. Behind the Monkey is the figure of a man, 

*' portrd by the Cir\- of LarJan^ denoted by the two Giants in 
*' CulUhaU. lL\i;ayib ii flogging li'ilkss and Churihill^ and 
*'- n.. iking thcin dance to the icrnpings of a fidier ; defigned 
*• 5?) rc])rc1ci.: a NoLlemin [Earl li-mpU]^ who patronized 
** tiicm in T765, and who, tor his unmeaning face, has ever 
*' iKtii dcKii'jcd without a feature. Sec Trujlir\ Trcfaoe, 


C 93 3 

but with no lineaments of face^ and playing on a 
fiddle. This was dcfigned for Earl Temple* 

At the time thefe hoftilities were carrying on in a 
manner fo virulent and difgraceful to all the parties, 
Hogarth was vifibly declining in his health. In 
1762, he complained of an inward pain, which, 
continuing, brought on a general decay that proved 
incurable *• This laft year of his life he employed 
in retouching his plates with the aflliftance of feveral 
engravers whom he took with him to Chifwick. On 
the 25th of OSober, 1764, he was conveyed from 
thence to Leicifier-Jields, in a very weak condition, 
yet remarkably chearful; and^ receiving an agreeable 

* It may be worth obfcrving, that in " Independence," a 
poem which was not publifhed by ChurcblU till the iafl week of 
September^ 17^49 l^C conAders hii antagonift as a departed 
Genius : 

** Hogarth would draw him (Envy muft allow) 
** E*en to the life, was Hogarth living now." 
How little did the fportive Satirift imagine that the power of 
pleating was fo foon to ceafe in both ! Hogarth died in four 
weeks after the publication of this poem ; and Churchill fur- 
vived him but nine days. In fome lines which were printed ia 
Novemher 1764, t lie compiler of thefe Anecdotes took occafioa 
to lament that 

«« Scarce had the friendly tear, 

•* For Hogarth died, efcap'd the generous eye 

•* OF feeling Pity, when again it flow'd 

*' For ChitrchilPs fate. Ill can we bear tl\c iofs 

** Of Fancy's twin-born offspring, clofe ally'd 

** In energy of thought, though different paths 

•* They fought for fame ! Though jarring pafliont fway'd 

** The living artifts, let the funeral wreath 

** Unite their memory !'* 


letter from the American Dr. FrMklin^ drew up a 
rough draught of an anfwer to it ; but going to bed^ 
he was feized with a vomitings upon which he rung 
his bell with fuch violence that he broke it^ and 
expired about two hours afterwards in the arms of 
Mrs. Mary Lewis, who was called up on his being 
taken fuddenly ill. To this lady, for her faithful 
fervicesy he bequeathed loo/. After .the death of 
Hogartb^s fifter, Mrs. Lewis fucceeded to the care of 
his prints ; and, without violation of truth, it may 
be obfervcdy that her good nature and afiability re- 
commend thefe performances which ihe continues to 
difpofe of at Mrs. Hogartb^s houfe jn Leicefter-fquare, 
Before our artift went to bed^ he boaftcd of having 
eaten a pound of beef-fteaks for his dinner ^^ and 
was to all appearance heartier than he liad been for 
a long time before. His diforder was an aneurifni ; 
and his corpfe was interred in the church-yard at 
Cbifwick, where a monument is ereded to his 
memory, with this infcription^ under his family 

" Here lieth the body 

Of miliam Hogartb, Efq. 

Who died OElober the 26th, 1 764, 

Aged 67 years.** 

* The Mtnthhf Rcfievoer unintentionally reads fipper^ In- 
dead of Mmnefm As to this article of minute intelligence^ 
whether it be true or fahc, it was communicated by Mis. 


C 95 1] 

• • • • 

On another fide^ which is ornamented witli a 
mafque^ a laurel wreath, a palette, pencils^ and a 
hobkj infcribed *' Analyfis of Beauty," are the fol- 
lowing verfes by his friend Mr. Garrick : 

*' Farewell, great painter of mankind. 

Who feach'd the tiobleft point of art ; 
Whofe pidtur'd morals charm the mind. 

And through the eye corredt the heart. 
nonius fire thee,* reader, ftay. 

If nature touch thee, drop a tear ; 
If neither move thee, turn away, - 

For i£)^ar/i&V honourM duft lies here.^ 

On a third fide is this infcription : 

" Here lieth the body 


Relift of Sir James Tbcmbill, knight. 

Of Tbornbill in tlie county of Dorfet. 

She died November the 12th, 1757, 

Aged 84 years." 

And on the fourth fide e 

** Here lieth the body 
Of Mrs. Jnne Hogartb, filler 
to William Hogarib, Efq. 
She died Augujl the 13th, 1 771, 
Aged 70 years." 


C 96 3 

Mr. Hayleyt in his juftly admired EfiJiU i» M ' 
Eminent Painter (Mr. Remmy), has fince exprcfled 
himfcif concerning our artift in terms that confer 
yet higher honours on his comic excellence : 

*' Nor, if her favour'd hand m.iy hope to fhcd T 
" The flowers of glory o'er the /kilful dead, 
" Thy talents, Hogarth ! will flic leave unfung ; 
** Charm of all tyes, and Theme of every tongue ij 
*• A feparate province 'twas thy praife to rule 
*• Self-form'd thy Pencil ! yet thy works a Schooy 
" Where ftrongly painted, la gradations nice, 
** The Pomp of Folly, and the Shame of Vice, 
*' Reach'd thro' the laughing Ej'e the mended MiOj 
" And moral Humour fjwrtivc Art refin'd. 
*' Whik- fleecing Manners, as minutely ftiown 
" As the clear profpcft on the mirror thrown ; 
" While Truth of Charaflcr, exaftly hit, 
" And dreft in all the dyes, of comic wit ; 
*' While thefe, in Fielding's page, delights fupply, 
*' So long thy Pencil with his Pen (hall vie. 
" Science with grief beheld thy drooping age 
" Fall the fad vidim of a Poet's rage : 
" But Wit's vindi^ive fpleen, that mocks cotltroiri 
" Nature's high tax on luxury of foul ! 
•* This, both in Bards and Painrors, Fame forgives | 
*' Their Frailty's buried, but their Genius lives." 

Thus far the encomiaft, who fecks only for oppor- 
tunities of bellowing praife. A more impartial nar- 
rative will be ej:i)cded from the biographer. 


It nqJiybe truly obfervedof Hogarth ^x)\2t all his 
povfers of delighting were re (trained to his pencil *. 
Having rarely been admitted into polite circles, none 
of his (harp cornets had been rubbed off, fo that he 
continued 16 the' lalt a grofs uncultivated man. 
The'llighteft contradiSiott' tranfported him into rage^ 
To be member of a Club confiding of mechanics, or 
fhofe'fiCt matty removes above them, fcems to have 
Bteti^tlAt Utmbft of his focial ambition ; but even in 
thcfe allehiblies he was oftener fent to Coventry for mif- 
behaviour; than any other perfon who frequented 
them. To fome confidence in himfelf he was cer- 
tainly entitled ; for, as a comic painter, he could have 
claimed no honour that would not moft readily have 
been allowed him ^ ; but he was at once unprinci^ 
pled and variable in his political conduct and attach- 
ments. He is alfo faid to have beheld the rifing 
eminence and popularity of Sir Jojhua Reynolds with 
a degree of envy ; and, if I am not mifinformed, 
frequently fpoke with afperity both of him and his 
performances. Juftice, however, obliges me toadd^ 
that our artift was liberal, hofpitable, and the mod 
pundhialof pay-maftcrs; fothat, in fpite of the emo- 
luments his works had procured to him, he left but an 

* Mr. iralpoJe once Invited Gn^ the Poet and Hogarth to 
dine with him ; but what with the referve of the one, and t 
want of colloquial talents in the other, he never pafTed a duller 
tine than between thefe roprefentatives of Tragedy and Comtdjj 
being obliged to rely entirely on his own etibrcs to fupporc 

f The moft folid praife, perhaps, that ever was given to our 
trtift, was a legacy of 200/. *^ for the great pleafure the tcfla- 
" tor had received from his works." 

H incoiifiderable 

[ 9» ] 

inconiiderable fortune to bis widow. His pUtcs \ 
deed nre fuch rcfoarccs as may not fpeedily be t] 
hauflcd. Some of his domeOics had lived mai 
years in his fcr^'ice, a circumftancc that always 
flcds credit on a maftcr. Of moft of ihefe 
painted Urong likenclTcs on a canvas ftilt in 
ihgartb'i pofleffion. 

His widow has alfo a portrait of her h 
and an excellent buft of him by Roul/i/liaCt a flri 
refemblance ; and one of his brothcr-tn-law 
7hcmhilly much refrmbling the countenance of MtS. 
"Hogarth. Several of his portraits alfo remain in hgr 
pofTeinon \ viz. a finifhed portait of Mrs. Mary Lewis ^ 
themes Ceomhci of Dorfttjh'tre^ ^g^d io8 ; Lady 
hiU; Mrs. Hogarth herfclf, &c. &c. 

A portrait of Hogarth ;vith his hat on, painted for 
the late Rev. Mr. TmnnUy by Welldoti, and faid to 
be finilhed by himfelf, is in the poiTeflion of Mr, 
James Townleyj proSor in DoHors Comment. A mez- 
zotinto print from it will be nientioned under the 
year 1781 in the Catalogue. 

Mr. Edmards, of Beaufort Buildings, has the por- 
trait of Sir Geer^e Hay, The Savoyard Girl, The 
Bench, and Mary ^een of Scots *, by Hogarth. 

A converfationpiece by him is likcwifc at Wun- 
fead in Effex, the feat of Earl Tylney f. And Mrs. 
Hoadtf has a fcene of Rimger and Clarinda in The 
Sufpitious Hu/band -, and the late Chancellor Hoadij 

n for H portrait of Rln. CbotrngnAltj, buE 
two fittmgt, to ilic Qiiecn. 


* Origipully beg 
■ttercd, arter one ui 

♦ See p. 9. 



C '99 3 

repeidflg a fong to Dr. Greene^ for him to compofe \ 
both by Hegartbn The firft of thefe is an indifferent 
pi&ure, and contains very inadequate likenefles of 
the perfons reprefented. 

One of the beft portraits Hogarth ever painted, 
is ' at tJchfieU. It is of a gentleman with whom 
he was very intimate, and at whofe houfes at 
Mortlake and in Ironmongers- Lane he fpent much of 
his tune — Mr. Jofepb Porter^ of London, merchant, 
who died yf|pr/V 7, 1749. Mrs. Pt^r/^r the filler of this 
gentleman (who was daughter of Dr. Jobn/on's wife 
by a fbrtner hufband) is in pofifeffion of the pic- 
tiirc.— 7^*^ Steers, efq. (of The Paper Buildings in 
^be TeOipIe) has an audtion by Hogarth, in which Dr. 
Cbauncey, Dr, Snagg, and others, are introduced ; 
and the Earl of Exeter has a butcher's (hop, with 
Siiiri^ fighting, &c. 

Of Hogarth's leflTer plates many were deftroyed. 
"When he wanted a piece of copper on a fudclen^ he 
would take any from which he had already worked 
off fuch a number of imprefiions as he fuppofed he 
ihould fell He then fent it to be effaced, beat out, 
or otherwife altered to his prefent purpofe. 

The plates which remained in his pOfifeffipn were 
fecured to Mrs, Hogarth by his will, dated Jugwji 12, 
1764, chargeable with an annuity of 80 /.to his 
lifter Jnne *, who furvived him. When, oti the 


. ^ To whom, in cafe ofMn. H^gartPs rotnying again, he 
gBTc cbe plfites of Marriage i la Mode, and of the Harlot's 
and Ra)Le*< Progreft. 

H 2 death 

C lOO ] 

death of bis other fifter^ ^e left off the bufinefs in 
which Ihe was engaged (fee^ in the Catalogue^ the 
firft article among the ** Prints of uncertain date,") 
he kindly took her home, and generoufly fupported 
her, making her, at the fame time, ufefql in the 
difpofal of his prints. Want of tendernefs and !!• 
berality to his relatiofis was not among the failings 
of Hogartb. 

Of HogartFs drawings and contributions towards 
the works of others, perhaps a number, on enquiry, 
might be found. An acquaintance of his, the late 
worthy Mr. John Sanderfony architcA, who repaired 
tFoburn Abbey ^ as well as Bedford Houfe in Bloomjburf' 
fquare, pofleffed feveral of his curioiicies. One 
was a fketch in black-lead of a celebrated young en- 
graver (long fiuce dead) in a (alivation. The bed 
that can be faid of it is, that it was mod difguflingly 
natural Even the coarfe ornaments on the corners 
of the blankets which enwrapped him, were charac- 
teriflically expreffed. Our artiil feems to have re- 
peated the fame idea, though with lefs force, and 
fewer adjun&s, in the third of his Elcdlion prints, 
where a figure fwaddled up in flannel is conveyed to 
the huftings. Two other works, viz. a drawing in 
Itidian ink, and a painting in oil colours, exhibited 
Bedford Houfe in different points of view ; the figures 
only by Hogartb. Another rcprefented the corner of 
a ftrcct, with a man drinking under the fpout of a 
pump, and heartily angry with the water, which, 
by iffuing out too iaft, and in too great quantities, 


C 10' 3 

# . - , • - • . .• 

" had ddugcd his face. Our great pabter had obliged 
Mr. Sanderfon with feveral other comic iketches, &c» 
but moft of them had been either begged or flolen^ 
before the communicator of thefe particulars became 
acquainted with him. 
In the year 1 745, one Launcelot Burton was ap- 

' pointed naval officer ztDeal. Hogarth had feen him 
by accident ; and on a piece of paper, previouily 
imprefled by a plain copper-plate, drew his figure 
with a pen, in imitation of a coarfe etching. He was 
repxefented on a lean Canterbury hack, with a bottle 
(ticking out of his pocket ; and underneath was an 
infcription, v intimating that he was going down to 
take poileffion of his place. This was inclofed to ^ 
him in a letter ; and fomeof his friends, who were, in 


the fecret, protefted the drawing to be a print which 
they had feen expofed to fale at the ihops in London ; 
a circumftance that put him in a violent pafHon, du* 
ring which he wrdte an abufive letter to Hogarth^ 
whofe name was fubfcribed to the work. But, after 
poor BurtorCs tormentors had kept him in fufpcnce 
throughout an uneafy three weeks, they proved to / 
him that it was no engraving, but a fketch with, a 
pen and ink. He then became fo perfeftly recon^ 
oiled to his refemblance, that he fhewed it with ex- 
ultation to Admiral Vernon^ and all the reft of his 

In 1753, Hogarth returning with Dr. Morell from 

' a vifit to Mr. Rich at Cowley^ flopped his chariot, and ^ 

* got out, being ftruck by a large drawing (with a ^ 

H 3 coal)f 

t •! 


I Ae 


alcboufe. He immediately 
made a fketch of it wiih triumph ; it was a St, 
Cco'it "fid trjt Utagon, ail in ftrait lines. 

H'-gartb iv.ade one eflay in fculpturt. He wanted 
a (ign to diHinguifti his houfe in IjheJier-fieUU ; and 
thinking none more proper than the Golden llind, 
he, out of a mafs of cork made up of fevcral thick- 
peiks compafted togctlKr, carved a bufl of Vandyck, 
which hr g^U and placed over his door. It is long 
fince dec:i.)cd, and was fucceedcd by a head in 
plafler, Mhich has alto petifticd ; and is fupplied 
by a head of Sir tpac l^ewton. Hr^arlb modelled 
another rcfemblance of Vandjck in clay ; which is 
likew'fe dt-ftroycd. 

It is very properly obfcrved by Mr. WalpoU, that 
" If ever an author wanted a commentary, that none 
<* of bis beauties ir.ight be lofi, It is Hogarth \ not 
<* from being obfcure (for he never was that but in 
*• two or three of his firll prints, where iranfient na- 
*' tional fullies, as Lotteries, Iree-mafonry, and the 
" Satitb Sea, were his topics) but for the ufe of fo- 
" reigncr<, and from a multiplicity of little inci- 
*' dents, not cflcntial to, but always heightening the 
*' principal atftion. Such is the fpider's web cx- 
** tended over the poor's box in a parifli church ; 
" ihc blunders in archlicfture in the nobleman's feai» 
*' fecn through the window, in the firft print of 
** Marriage a la MnU; and a thoufand in the Strollers 
" dreHingina barn, which, for wit and imagination, 
" without any oche^ aid^ is perhaps the beft of all 

" his 


[ 103 3 

'* his Works; as, for ufeful and deep fatire, that on 
** the Methodifts is the moll fublimc. Rouqueij the 
^^ enamellcr, publifiied a French explanation^ though 
a fuperficial one, of many of his prints, which, 
it was faid, he had drawn up for the ufe of Mar- 
shal BellciJIe, then a prifoner in England*^ 
However great the deficiencies in this work may 
be, it was certainly fuggefted by Hogarth^ and 
drawn up at his immediate requeft. I receive this 
information from undoubted authority. Some ef 
the circumftances explanatory of the plates, b^ com-^ 
municatcd ; the reft he left to be fupplied by Rouquet 
his near neighbour, who lived in the houfe at which 
Gardelle the cnameiler afterwards lodged^ and mur- 
dered his landlady Mrs. King. Rouquet^ who (as I 
learn from Mr. Walpole) was a Swifs of French ex- 
tradion, had formerly publifhed a fmall traft on the 
ftate of the Arts in England, and another, intituled 
** L'Artdepeintureen fromageouen ramequin, 1755;'* 
1 2 mo. (V. " La France litteraire, ou Diftionaire des 
" Autcurs Franfois vivans, par itf. Formey^ 1 757 .*') On 
the prefent occafian he was liberally paid by Hogarth, 
for having cloathed his fentiments and illuftrations in 
a foreign drefs. This pamphlet was dcfigned, and 
continues to be employed, as a conftant companion to 
all fuch fets of his prints as go abroad. Only the le^ 
ter defcriptive of the March to Finchley was particu- 
larly meant for the inftrudlion of Marfhal BelUiJU *. 


* Whilil the Marflial was a prifoner !r. Eft^lmJ^ Monficur 
Coitlo^on opened a fubfcription at two gulneaf) one to br paid 

H 4 on 

C IC4 ] 

It was added after the three former epiflles had been 
printed off, and before the plate was publUhed. The 
entire performance, however, in my opinion, exhi- 
bits very (Irong marks of the vivacious compiler's 
tafte, country, and prejudices. Indeed many paf- 
fagcs mud have been inferted without the privity of 
his employer, who had no fkill in the French lan- 
guage. That our clergy always affe^ to ride on white 
horfeSy and other remarks of a fimilar turn, &c. &c« 
could never have fallen from the pen of Hogarth, or 
any other EfigliJI^man. 

This epiftle bears alfo internal evidence to the 
fuggeftions Rouquet received from Hogarth. Are not 
the felf-congratulations and prejudices of our artift 
fufficiently vifible in the following paiTage ? 

*' Ce Tableau dis-je a le dcfaut d'etre encore tout 
** brillant de cette ignoble fralcheur qu'on dccouvrc 
** dans la nature, et qu^on ne voit jamais dans les ca- 
** binets bien cilebres. Le terns ne Va point encore ob' 
** fcurci de cette dc^efumie, de cc ujagejacri, qui le 
*' cachera quelquejour aux yeux profanes du lulgaire, 
*' pour ne laijfer voir fcs beautes qu^aux initiesJ* 

en fubfcribing, the other on the delivery of •* A Di6>ionary 
•' of Arts and Sciences," in two large folio volumes. Many 
of the nobiliry, as well as gentry fubfcribed ; hut very few of 
them mndc -jiood their fecond payments, or had the work ; 
and the author dedicated it (in gratitude, it is fuppofed, for 
the generous patronage he received from the EngliJJj) to 
Marflial BdUlflc ; whofe place of confinement was in The 
Round Titvcn at iriMtJ/or Caftle ; where the large dining-rooni 
is ftill ornamented with a variety of humourous ir^^r^ engrav- 
ings, and i'- imall library of French books* 


C "5 ] 

■The title of this performance is^ ^' Lettres de 
*« Monfieur ♦ ♦ k un dc fes Amb k Faris, pour lui 
'^ expliquer les Eftampes de Monfieur Hogartb^-^ 
" Imi^xim^ z Londres : etfe vend chez ii. DadJUy^ 
*^ dans Pali Mill ; et chez M Cooper, dans Pater^ 
** ncfter RoWf 1 746/' (Le prix eft de douze fols.) 

I ihould here obferve, that this pamphlet affords 
only defcriptions of the Harlot*s and Bjuh^s Pfogrefi^ 
Marriage a la Mode, and the March to FincUey. Nine 
other plates^ viz. the Modern Midnight Conyerfaticn^ 
the Diftrejid Poet, the Enraged Mufician, the Fair, 
Strolling ABreJfes drejjing in a Barn, and the Four 
fhnes of the Day, are entimerated without parttcufair 

I am authorized to add, thar Hogarth, not long 
before his death, had determined, in compliance 
with the repeajted folicitations of his cuftomers, h^ 
have this work enlarged and rendered into Englijb, 
with the addition of ample comments on all his pof^ 
formances undefcribed by Rouquet. 

" Hogarth Moralifed *'* will however in fome fmall 
degree (a very fmall one) contribute to preferve the 


* In the year 1768 was publiflied a work, intituled, ** Ho* 
** garth Moralifed. Being a complete Edition of Hogarth* s 
** Works. Containing near Fourfcorc Copper- Plates, moft 
^' elegantly engraved. With an Explanation, pointing out 
^ the many Beauties that may have hitherto efcaped Notice, 
*• and a Comment on their Moral Tendency, &c. . With the 
** Approbation of Jane Hogartk^ Widow of the late Mr. K<?- 
«* garth."* 

The hiftory of the work is as follows : The Rev. John 
frt^fler epgaged with fome engravers in this dclign, after Ho» 


[ 106 ) 

metnoT7' of thofe temporary circumftaftces v 
WalpoU is fo juflly apjirehenfive will be lofl 
rity. Such an undertaking indeed requires a more" 
incmatc acquainrance with fleeting cuftoms, and paft 
occurrences, than the compiler of this work can 
pretend to. Yet enough has been done by him to 
awaken a fpirit of enquiry, and point out the means 
by which it may be farther gratified. 

Th« works of Hogarth, as his elegant biographer 
b»s well obferved, arc his hiftor)' * i and the curious 

|«tr^/ dntli, when they could cvrf'n into i 
jmpuniiy. Mri. Hf^trtb, finding her property would be miKli 
iScAcd by it, wai gUd to accept an offer they made her, of 
emcring into p»nt\er(lnp wiih them ; and they were very gtad 
to receive her, ktiAwinc her naine nould give credit to rhe 
ptibliCBtioti, and thai (lie uould certainly Supply m-tny ancc- 
doln to explain the platet. Such ai ate found in the work 
an probably all hen. The other Ouff wai introduced by the 
editor to eke eut ihc book. We are informed, that, when 
th« underialfing vim comple'ed, in order lo get rid of lier 
pariniTi, {be tvai glad to buy out their fharci, fo that ihe 
whole expcDce which fell on Ixr amimnied to at Icafl 700/. 

* *■ Thty abound," f.iy» an excellent judge, " io true ha- 
'* mcnf; and fatire, which ii generally well-direfled; tliey 
" arc admirable moral lelToni, and afford a fund of eniertain- 
" mint fuiicd to every tsllc: a circumllance, which Chews 
" them to be j'ift copies of nature. We may cunfider ihem 
" too «s valuable repofitorics of the manners, ciitlum*, and 
*' drelTei of the prefcni jgc. What amufement u'ould a col- 
" lefliort of ihri irind aff»rd, drawn from every period ot liie 
" hilloryof Britain' — How far the workt of Ht^atib will 
" bear 3 critical examination, may be the fuhjcft of a licile 
" more enqniry. Jn defign Hc^arth wai fcldom at a lofi. Hi» 
" inveniton W3( tortile, and hit jiidgemeni accurate. An im- 
" proper incident :i ratcly introduced] a proper one rarely 
** emitted* 

C W7 1 

tfe highly mdebted to Mr. fFalpok for a catalogue 
of printi^ dxawn up from his own valuable colledios, 


^V, omitted. No one could tell a ftory better; or make it, in 
** all its circumdances, more intelligible. His genius, how- 
** ever, it oiiifl be owned, was fuited only to low, or famiiiir 
** fubjeSl. It never foared above common life : to fubjefis 
** naturally fublime, or which from antiquity, or other acci* 
** dents, borrowed dignity, he could not rife. In compoii* 
*' tion we fee little in him to admire. In many of his prints, 
** the deficiency is fo great, as plainly to imply a want of all 

•^^ principle; which makes us ready to believe, that when we 
'^ do meet with a beautiful group, it is the effeft of chance. 
'* In one of hit minor works, the Idle Prentice, we feldom 

^^ fee a crowd more beautifully managed, than in the laft 
** print. If the (heriff*s officers had not been placed in a line, 
^* and bad been brought a little lower in the pifture, fo at to 
** have formed a pyramid with the cart, the compofition had 
** been unexceptionable : and yet the firil print of this work 
** is fo flriking an inftance of difagreeable compofition, that 

. ** it is amazing, how an artift, who had any idea of beailti- 
** ful forms, couldfuffer ib unroafterly a perf[>rmance to leave 
*\ his hands. Of the diftribation of light Mttgmrth had as 
*^ little knowledge as of compofition. In fome of his piedes 
** we fee a good effect ; as in the execution juft mentiooed ; 
** in which, if the figures at the right and left comers had 
^^ been kept down a little, the light would have been beaufi* 
*' fully diAributed on the fore*ground, and a little fine le« 
*' condary light fpread over part of the crowd': but at the 
*^ fame time there is fo obvious a deficiency in point of eiTecl, 
*^ in moft of his prints, that it is vecy evident he had no prin* 
** ciples. Neither was Hogmrtb a aiafter in drawing. Of the 
^* roufcles and anatomy of the head and handli he had perfe£t 
** knowledge ; but his trunks are often badly moulded, and 
*^ bb limbs ill fet on. I tax him with plain bad drawing ; I 
*^ fpeak not of the niceties of anatomy, and elegance of out* 
'* line t of thefe indeed he knew nothing $ nor were they of 
<* ufe in that nnode of defign which he cultivated x and yet his 
** figures, upon the whole, are infpired with fo much life 
*^ and mcaningi that the eye is kept an good humour, in fpite 

•• of 

in t77 1. But 4 s ficitber that catdo^e,' nor his 9p- 
pendu(to it ifi 1780, have given the whole of Mr. 


** of its tnclination to (Sod fault. The ancborof the Analyfii 

** of Beauty, it might be fuppofed, would have ghren ui more 

** inikaoces of grace, than we find id the works of i/i^«r/i$ ; 

** which fliev;s drongly that theory and prafiice are not always 

** united. JMany op|)ortUDitics his fuhjc^s naturally afford of 

** introducing graceful attitudes ; and yet we have very few 

*^ examples of rhem. With toftaiices of pidurefque grace 

^* his works abound. Of hit expreffion, in which the force 

*^ of his genius lay, we cannot fpeak in terms too high. In 

«* e\iery mode of it he was truly excellent. The paflions he 

** thoroughly underftood, and all the effects which they pro- 

** duce in every part of the human frame : he had the happy 

'* art alfo of conveying his ideas with the fame precifion with 

** which he conceived them. — He was excellent too in cx- 

** preffing any humormis oddity, which we often fee ftamped 

** upon the human face. All his heads are caft in the very 

*« mould of nature. ' Hence that endlefs variety, which is dif- 

^ played through his works : and hence it is, that the differ- 

** cncc arifei between his heads, and the affe£led caricaturas 

'< of rhoie matters, who have fometimes amufed therofelves 

.** with patcl|ing together an alTemblage of features from their 

^^ own ideas. Such are Sfagniokt^s ; which, though admirably 

** executed, appear plainly to have no archetypes in nature. 

«* H0gsrih\ on the other hand, are collections of natural cu- 

*' riqlilies. The 0.v/Iyr4/-heads, the phyficians*arms, and fome 

** of his other pieces, arc exprefsly of this humorous kind. 

** They are truly comic ; though ill-natured effufions of 

** .mirth : more entertaining than SjnignioUt* t^ as ihey are pure 

*» nature; but Icfs innocent, as they contain ilUdire^ed ridi- 

** cule. — But the fpecics of cxpreiTion, in which this muder 

*' perhaps moft excels, is that happy art of catching thofe pe- 

** culianties of' air, and gcuurc, which the ridiculous part of 

f^ every profclTion coatrad ; and which, for that reafon, be* 

. ** conic charadteriilics of the whole. His counfellors, his un- 

. *^ dertakcrs, his lawyers, his ufurers, are all confpicuous at 

** light. Jn a word, almoft every profeflion may fee, m his 

** workS| .that particular Ipecics of affectation which they 

" (hould 

C ^^ 1 

ad^fn^Vt^Stb&AOk LHopdlttibit -I Audi ik» he hhmcA 
if, 1)}r hdHdiig^lAx^Wa^^i catalogub;:! 'haveet^ 
deavouretd^frpmxlatcu* dlTooven^ of oUV ^i^'s printi 
in othct |CoUediona^"tQ arrange tbem in chronolojg;i* 
cal order. Jt-nuiy not bcunamufing to ttacd the rife 
and progrela. oL a Genius ib Ihikingly Original; 

Hogarth ff^ £rft inopreffions of all his plates to 
hisiate friends the Rev. Mr. Tczvniey and Dr. ^aac 
Scbomherg *• Both fets were fold iince the death of 
thefe gentlemto. That which was Dr. Scbomberfs 

•* fliould moft dndca^our to avoid. The execution of this 
^ mafterb weil-fuiced to hilfubje^ts, and manner of treating 
*^ tkem* He etches with great fpirit; and ne\'er gires one 
«* unncceffaryflroke. For myfcif, I greatly more value the 
•« Works oi his own needle^ than thofe high-fini{hed prints oq 
** which he eoiploytd other engravers. For as the production 
*^ of an effe£^ is not his talent ; and as this is the chief exceU 
♦* lencc of high finifliing ; his own rough manner is certainly 
** preferable ; in which we have moft of the force and fpirit 
** of his expreffion. The manner in none of his works 
•* pleafes me fo well as in a fmall print of a corner of a play- 
«* houfe/ There is more fpirit in a work of this kind, ftruck 
'' off at once^ warm from the imagination, than in all the 
•* cold corre^nefs of an elaborate engraving. If all his works 
^' had been executed in this ftyle, with a few improvements in 
** the compofitions, and the management of light, they would 
** certainly have been a much more valuable colteftion of 
** prints than they are. The Rake's Progrefi, and fome of 
•* his other works, arc both etched and engraved by himfelf ; 
*^ they are well done ; but it is plain he meant them as furni* 
*• turc. As works defigned for a critick*s eye, they would 
<* certainly have been better without the engraving, except a 
«« few touches in a very few places. The want of effe^ too 
«* would have been lefs confpicuous, which in his higheft- 
*• finiflicd prints is difagrceably ftriking.** Gilpin^ EJfay om 
Frints^ p. 165. 
* To whom Hogarth bequeathed ten guineas for a ring. 

6 became 

- ^ 




Pi^P t »° ] ^H 

beMme the property of the late Sir >fo Oh^mn,}tiM 
Tonct; and paflcd after his death into the hands oFh'M. I 
brother, the late Sii H'HJiam Chapmaa. I fiioutd add, .1 
indeed, that our artift never forted his impreflioni^l 
fcle^lUng the flight from the flrong ones : &> ihac I 
they who wifli to poHels any equal feiics of bill 
prints, muft pick it out of different leu. I 

A portrait of Samuel Martin^ efq. the antagonift dt I 
Mr. U'ilieif which Mr. Hogartb had painted for hia I 
own ufe, he gave as a legacy to Mr. Martin. I 

Mrs. Biiyrtes, of Kmeton-H^U, near Richmoiulf Tork* I 
JbirBf has an original pidiure by Hogarth, four fceC | 
two inches long, by two feet four inches wide. It if ] 
a landfcape, wiih fcvcral figures ; a man driving ^ 
fliecp ; a boat upon a piece of water, sod a diftant j 
view of a town. This piAure was bought in London^ J 
by her lather, many years ago. ] 

At Lord Effx'i fale, in January 1777, Mr. Garrick < 
bought a picture by Hogarth, being the examination . 
of the recruits before the jufticcs ShaU<nv and Silenct* 
For this, il was faid in the news-papers, he gave 350 j 
guineas. 1 have Unce been told, that remove the | 
figure 3, and the true price paid by the purchafer '. 
remains. In private he allowed that he never gave 
the former of thcfe Turns, though in the public ; 
prints he did not think fuch a confefljon neceSary* j 
It was in reality an indiifcrent performance, as tfaolis j 
of Hi^anb commonly were, when he fttove to pfttut 1 
up to the ideas of others. 

Mr. Browning, of King's College^ OimbruJge, has ft 
rtnall pi^ure by Hogarth, reptcfentlng (Uart-Marktl. 


ft (ecfns toliave-been one of our arcift's early per-* 
£Mtnances. ~ 

Tl^crc arc thrfc ]aigerpii%iHrK^>y Hofftriif over 
the altar in the cburfih <if 5/, M^ry R§dcl>ff ^^ Bn^^jt 
the fealxng pf fk^ faicrecl JS^pukjire^ the AfccniioDy 
and the three Utnes^ hQ^ A fimi of money wso 
left 40 defray the cjcpeuce of thefe ornaments^ and 
it found its way kktp H9gartb^*s pocket. The origioal 
^k^hea in oil for th^e porfonnances» are now at 
Mih Hogiirtb*t hpHie In Lricefier^JleUs. 

In Ijord Grrfvmor^4 houfe> at MHatiiy Wejimbifter^ 
}s a fp3a}l punting by our arttft on the foUowmg 
fubje&* A boy's pap^r-kite in falling become en* 
tangled with fur^ : the boy arrives juft as a crow b 
tearing it ^i pieces. The expreffion in his face is 
worthy of Hegartb. 

Hogarth was alfo fuppoCed to have had fome hand 
in the exhibition of figns '^^ projeded above 20 years 
ago by Bcnml fharntafi^ of feftive memory \ but I 
am informed^ that he contributed no otherwife to«* 
wards this display, than by a few touches of challu 
Apiong the heads of didinguifbed perfonages, finding 

^ It having been requcfted in the Catalogue of th it eichiM- 
tion (which was- in Baw-Jlrect^ Cavtni'Gardim) that all remarkt 
on the arcifts, or their performances^ might be feot to The $/• 
Jam$s^$ Cbronick ; the compiler of thefe Anecdote* tranftnttted 
^ iVH hafly liaeSy whiofa were printed in that paper Jfril t^^ 
X76a. They are not wonh tranfcribing : but a fliortextr^^ 
wili prcferve the assumed names of fome ai the artifis — 

•^ And Mttfm^re^ Ltfter*s^ /?Vi/* , and Fiflfhottrtu^ name, 
** With thine> FauJyck^ diall live toendleit taine; 
^^ In your colledtion Wit and Skill combine, 
** And Hvmotir flows -hi every fiell-cbait Sign,'* 


chofr of die King bf Pruffut and the Emprefs of 
Huwgarjj be changed the cad of cheir eyes (b as tcr 
make chem leer fignificantly at each other. This is 
telated on the authority of Mr. Colmart: 

Mr. Bicbardjhn (« now,** as Dk*. Jokipm lay», 
^ better known by his books thair his*- piSure^y'* 
though his colouring is allowed to be mafflerly)- hav^ 
ing accounted for ibme claiEcal -quiftations in his 
notes on Milton j unlearned as he was,- -by bis Ton's 
aiiifiing him as a teleicope docs the eye in agrono- 
my ; tbgartb ihewed him with a telefcope- looking 
through his fon (jp no very decent attitude) at a 
Vir^l aloft on a Ihclf ; but afterwards deftroyed the 
plate, and recoiled the prints. Qu. if any remain, and 
what date?*^ much queftion whether this fubjed was 
ever thrown upon copper, or meant for the public eye* 

In the ** Nouveau Didaonnaire Hillorique, Caertj 
•• X783,** our artitl is thus cbaraderized : " Ses 
*' compofitioQS font mal dellinees & tbibletmrnt colow 
^^ ties ; mais ce font des tableaux parlaiis de divcrfes 
^ fcencs comiqucs ou morales de la vie. II avoit 
*• neglige le mechanifme de Ion art, c'eft u-dire, les 
'* traits du pinceau, le rapport dcs i>aicic!» entr^clle?, 
^ Teftct du clare obfcure, rharmonie du colons, &c. 
^ pour s'elever jufqu a la perfection de ee mccha- 
" nifmc, c'eft a*dire, au poctique & au inuml de la 
*' peinture. ^ Je reconnois,* Jilbit-il, * tout Ic inonde 
'* pour juge competent (dc mes tableaux, escepte Its 
" connoilfeurs de protellion. Un ieul excmple prou- 
'' vera conibiea i;:ui£t. 11 avoit f;uc graver une 

*' eibnipe. 

C '<3 ] 

^ t&3thpt^ dans laquelle il avoit ezprim6 avec 
** €nttpe les differens totirmens qu*on fait eproaver 
*' iui atiimslux. Un chartier fouettok im jour fef 
*' chevaux avec beaucoup de durete ; un boti hbmroe^ 
*^ touche de pitte, Iui dit, ' Miferable ! tii n'as done 
**• paftvu Teftampe 6" Hogarth ?* II u'ctoit pas feule-» 
^* mint peintre, il fat ecfivaiif. 1) publia en 1750 
'* un trait6 en Anghis^ intitule, * Analyfe de la Beautii 
** L'autctif pretend que les foriiies arfondies confti« 
^' tuent la beauce du corps : principe vrai \ certain^ 
*' ^rdSy faux a plufieurs autres. Vcj. fur cet ar« 
** tifte, la iecond volunie du * Mcrcure dc France/ 
•' Janlriet^ *77**' 

Mr. fitir Duponfi a merchant, had the drawing 
of Paiil before FiUx^ which he purchafed for 20 gui- 
neas, and bound up with a fct of Hof^arth^s printfw 
The ^'faole fee was afterwards fold by audion, at 
Baket^s^ for 17 /. fo VLt. BiUard (>{ Little Britain^ in 
whofe catalogue it ftood fome time marked at 25 /• 
and was parted with for lefs than that fum. 

The following original drawings, by Hogartby arc 
now in the coilcftion of the Rev. Dr. Lort : 

A coloured ft:ctch of a Family Fi^ture,^ with ten 
whole-length figures^ moft infifpidly employed. A 
Head of a Sleeping Ghikl, in colours, as large* af 
life, &c. &c. &c. 

When Hogattb defigned the print intituled Afar»f;3ff, 
bis idea of an 0/^ilItf/V/ appears to have been adopted 
from one of that forlorn (ifterhood, when emaciated 
ky corroding appetites, or, to borrow Dijden*s more 

I forcible 

C "4 ) 

ibrctbTe language, by '^ agony of uaaccomplillieil 
'< l3vc." But there is in being, and perhaps mLekefier^ 
fields^ a fecond portrait by our artift, exhibiting the 
influence of the fame misfortune on a more fleih? 
carcafe. The ancient virgin* now created of, is 
corpulent even to (hapelcflnefs. Her neck reiembles 
a collar of brawn ; and had her arms been admined 
On the canvas, they muft have rivalled in magnitude 
the thighs of the Famefian god. Her bofom^ 
luckily for the f|iedator, is covered ; as a difplay of 
it would have ferved only to provoke abhorrence. 
But what words can paint the cxcefs of malice and 
vulgarity predominant in her vifage ! — ^aa inflated 
hide that Icems burfting with venom—- a brow 
wrinkled by a SirdonU grin that threatens all the 
vengeance an afironted Fury wou)d rejoice to exe- 
cute. Such ideas alfo of warmth does this moun* 
tain of quaggy fleih communicate, that, without 
hyperbole, one might fwear flie would parch the 
earth (lie trod on, thaw a frozen poft-boy, or over- 
heat a glafshoufe. '' How dreadful," faid a by- 
ftandcr, " would be this creature's hatred !'* " Ho\» 
•* much more formidable," replied his companion, 
•* would be her iovc !** — Such, however, was the 
ikill of Hoj^tvfh^ iha: he could imprefs fimihr indi- 
cations of fi-ie virginity on features directly con- 
traded, and force us to acknowledge one identical 
charaiiUr in the briai-fuU and exhaufted reprefcnta* 
live of involuntary female celibacy. 

* She IS (till living, and has been loud id abnfe of :hU 
work» a.circuir.fuacc to uaich Uie owes a niche ia it. 


C «i5 ] 

^ Mr. &. Ireland has likewife a iketch in chalk, on 
blue paper; of Falflcff and his companions ; two 
iflLCtches intended for the '^ Happy Marriage ;" a 
ikecch for a pi&ure to fliew the pernicious efSrdts of 
mafquerading ; iketch of King George IL and th^ 
foyal family ; iketch of his prefent Majefty; taken 
haftily on Ikeing-the new coinage of 1764; - portrait 
of Hogarth by himfelf, with a palette ; of Juftice 
Weyb^l Qi Sir Jams .^bornbill i of Sir Edward 
IValpale'\'i of Vx^intni George Lambert^ the land* 
fcape-painter ; of a boy \ of a girl's head^ in the 
character of Dianas finiihed according to Hogari/Zs 
idea of beauty ^ of a black girl ; and of Governor 
Rogers and his family, a converfation-piece ; eleven 
iketches from Nature, defigned for Mr. Lambert ; 
four drawings of converfations at Button^s Coffee^- 
boufe; Cymon and Ipbigenia; two black chalk draw- 
ings (landfcapes) given to Mr. Kirby in 1762 ; three 
heads, ilightly drawn with a pen by Hogartb^ to ex- 
emplify bis di(lin£tion between CharaHer and Gar/- 
cature, done at the defire of Mr. Townley, wbofe fon 
- gave them to Dr. Scbomberg ; a landfcape in oil ; 
with feveral other iketches in oil 

The late Mr. Forreft^ of Tork Buildings^ was in 
pofTeffion of a (ketch in oil of our Saviour (defigned 

' ^ Among the complimenti Hogarttwsis difpofed to pay hit 
own genius, he aiferted his abilicy to take a complete likeneit 
in thrte ([uarters of an hour. This head of Mr. fyiifif was 
painted within the compafs of the time prcicnbedy but had 
afterwards the advantage of a fecond litting. 

f iMr. IFalpfiU is now poflclTed of the poi trait of hit brother 
Sir Eikk'urd, 

I 2 as 

[ "6 1 

as a pattoril for painted glafs), tofrether with the 
original portrait of Tibfon the Laceman *, and fcvcral 
drawings defcriptive of the incidents that hap])ened 
during a five days tour by land and water. The 
parties were Meffieurs Hogarth^ Tbornhill (fon of the 
late Sir James )^ Scntt (the ingenious landfcape* painter 
of that name), Totball -f , and Forrefi. They fet out 


♦ iThis, and tfic preceding artiefe, are now irt th« poffeffion 
of Ptttr Cpxe^ ciq. oi College Hiii^ in the city, executor to Mr. 
ForreP.^ and brcuhcrto the Rev. William Coxe^ who has obliged 
the world with his Tnvcis ihronijh Poland^ RvJHa^ &c. 

f The following brief Memoirs of Mr. WtlUtum Tothall^ 
F. A S* were communicated by Dr. Ducarel^ who was pcr- 
fonaffy acquainted with Mr. fotlntlU and received the intel- 
ligence in a letter from the Rc^. Mr. Lyn^ Mimfter of »^. 
Ma^y^s at Drver^ to whom the particulars in it were related 
by CHprnin BitlfiroJe of that town. 

•• Sir, Donttr^ Jnne 1 1 , 1781. 

** The following narrative of your friend TinAaiJ may be de* 
** penued uf on, as C<<ptain Buljirodt int'orms me he frequently 
'* heard it from Tothall hin>ie1f. (^is father was anr apothe- 
•• cary in FUet-flrtei ; but dying, as Captain Bnlflr^de thinks, 
** while his ion was young, and in but indifi'ertnt circum« 
*' ftances (as his mother afterwards pra£tiled as a midwife], 
•• he was taken by an uncle, who was a ffflimongef. He lived 
'* with his uncle tome time ; but^ not approving of the bufi- 
** nels, r;;n away from him, and entered on board a mcrchanc- 
•• (hip gnjng to The H'cfi Ividier, He alio went fevcral times to 
♦• 'Sfxfomndland During the tknc of hir being in The H%ft 
** Indies^ thoiigh fo early in life, he was ifvdefatigablc in the 
♦' collcclin* of Qiells, and biou;;ht hume fcveral utterly un- 
*• known in f.nvltind. He continued at fta till he was almofl 
•• 30 years of age. Tii one of his vo*. aaf»s he was taken by 
** the SpaMiard J and marched a coniidf^rable way np' the 
•• country, without lh'>c or locking, with onJy a wooHtn cap 
** on his head, and a brown wailkoat on, with a large flaff 
** in bit hand. He Ii^ afrerwirds his pit ^ure draw or in' this 
^ drcli. He coatiQued a prilouer till cjcchan^cd^ 


C »«7 ] 

. St midnight, at z moment's warniog, from the Bed* 
fQtdArms Tavern, with each a ihirt in his pocket. 


'< When be was about 30 yean of age« he went as fhopman 

•* to a woollcn-drapcr at the corner ot Tav{pock Cottrty Covtnt 
•** Gardai^ with whom he continued fome ycars^ and his mafter, 
^ finding him a faithtul icrvent, told him, * as he dealt 
** only in cloth, and hi& cuHoniers were taylors, he would 
•* lend him mcney to buy ilialloons and trimmini^s, and re« 
*' commend him to his clmpmen, if he liked to take the trou* 
** ble and the profit of the branch upon him&lf.' He readily 
•* accepted the propoiaL 

** About the lame time an acquaintance in- 77»f Weft Indies 
^* ient him a puncheon of rum. Before he landed it, he con« 
^' fuUed his lualE^er what he Ihould do with it ; who advifed 
'* htm to fell it put infmall quantities* and lent him a cellar 
*^ in his houfe. Me followed this advice ; and, finding the 
•• profits ronfiderable, ivrote to his correfpocdcni in fhe Wtft 
•• Indies to fend him another fupply ; Hnd from this time he 
•* commeiKTcd rum, brandy, and 4tia!loon mcrcbant. 

*V 1 cannot lenrn how long he continued in this way ; but 
** his maftcr having acquired a fortune, and being detirous of 
** retiring from bufinefs, left him in piiTctli&n of his whole 
** ftock at prime coil, and he was to pay him as he fold it. 
/* He now commenced wooUcn-drr^per, and continued in this 
*^ bufinefs till he acquired a fum fiifficient, as he thought, to 
*' letire upon ; and he left hin bufincis to his fiiopman, the 
** late Mr. Joh Raj^ on the fame conditions his mailer left it 
•• to him. 

** During his refidence in Covent Garden^ he became a mem- 
•* ber of the club at the BtdforA Cofee-httifc^ and of couri'c 
•* coRtraded an acquaintance v^'wYl Hogarth ^ jL^m^'/*/, and other 
*' men eminent in their way ; and Hrgartb lived iome time in 
** hig houfe on the footing of a n.oft iniimatc friend. 

*^ On quitting his bufinel's (being troubled with an afihroa* 
** tical coiuplaint) he came and fettled at Dover i where, toon 
** becoming cotmcdted wiih certain perions in the fmuggling 
*^ branch, he fitted out a bye«boat, which was defigned (as is 
' ** fuppofed) to promote their bulinci's ; but in this branch 
** Fortune, which had hitherto fmiled upon his endeavours, 
** now frowned upon his atttmpts. The vcflel, in going over 

1 3 ** with 

[ "8 3 

They had particular departments to attend to. Hi* 
gdrtb and Scott made the drawings ; ThtimbiH the 
map; Tcthali fi^ithUiUy dilchargt^d the joint office of 
treafurer and caterer; and Forreji wrote the journal. 
l*hey were out five days only ; and on the fecond 
n^ght afttr ihtir return, the book was produced, 
bound, gilt, and lettered, 2nd read at the fame ta- 
vern to the mcp.ibeis of the club then preicr*r. Mr, 
Forrcjt had alto dra;vings of two of the merribcrs 
(Gill rid Hun: anJi Bcr» Puad), remarkable fat men, 
in ludicrous fituaiions. Etchings from all rhefc hav- 
ing beers made in 1782, accon^.par.icd bv the 
journal in k'.ter-preis, an accoiint of ihern wi.l ap- 
pear in the Catalogue under that year. 

■• «i;:h f'-^n'ir r>:!fr 1. fi><, I'o rf J'jrcd hi v.. :^n: he v.?e r v-tr 
•* frraircrt'ci m hiE c.rcinr.f^ancr?, snd he could nc: live a? iic 

" r'.*.'.I?d do^'T \ '^ hrrr hif r-Vi trier.*:! JI/. -a '■:'*■ fe:* tp: i' v.- 

I .^ a ■ 

• ■tC^ka ■.k.l; • • •■< •^ •■> 4> UVV .t-^i'la*. *••••.■• :^ 

* * n I rs ♦ ro.T. /).- :• "" , • r» whi • ^ hi v. c - ! o c ^ o;; ! i ;•:•; v r « c I . 
*' he h:»d :hr i:r».i:: •orrunc t:« find ir-mc v^.j-bit f.iff.if : wr.-.:. 

•• : ;o^ . *., r.:.d v ::.«: h'lnc i r.: T*. A/it-' C-l':-* TiT 7.-. . 

K.J cu'Acztii.r. o! fhil 5 arc: fill;'.? u^ri K.:«: b*. luJ:.. :. rt 

* ' The Tr.rt j;. ' ■ r ^- :? : h c ni 1 ' fra r rr r. :' v.- h a: I h :. v£ c- :':■;■. :'. 

•* fcm C?.n".. I>*-*"'o»i-, 1: There fho;;^c Sc arv niht.: ;•.::•:- 
• > - ■ 

•' ».n;arwhicl' y.... r.-i drrir.v,:* n: krpv—.j;. ' fii./. S: i.-.r-i y 
*• TO irrAc 'he :nr".:-v, end *r c:«'r.r.'ir.:.:c:.:i :: ; :«.= :<n.. >; , 
^* vou: mofi obL'di*;^: h'Mxblc icrvAt«:, ^ 1 v.>.*^ .* 


• • 

• • 


t 119 3 

A tranfcript of the journal was left in the h^ds of 
Mr.G<?j?A>Jf *,whowrotean imitation of it in Hudibra/lic 
verfe; twenty copies only of which having beca 
.printed in 1781, ah a literary curioHty -f , I was x^ 
quefted by fome of my friends to reprint it at thq 
end of the fecond edition of this work. It had ori- 
ginally been kept back, in compliment to the writer 
of the profe journey ; but, as that in the mean time 
had been given to the public by authority, to prc- 
ferve the Tour in a more agreeable drefs cannot, it 
is prefumed, be deemed an impropriety. See the 
Appendix, N^ III. 


♦ inUiMtt GdftUng^M. A. a minor canon of Canterhitiy 
thedral for fifty years, and vicar of Sione in the ifle of OAfS, 
KmIj well known to all lovers of antiquity by his truly on 
• ginal •* Walk in and about Canttrhury^^ firft printerd in ijf^ 
, q{ which there have been three editions He died Manh 9, \ 
1777, in the Sid year of his, age. Of his father, who was 
firft a minor canon of Canterhnry^ and aftcrwnrds one of the 
prieils of the ch^pcl-royal and fub-dean of St. FauPs^ there 
arc fevcral anecdotes, communicated by his Ion, in Sir John 
Ha*uohins^s ** Hillory of Mufic." To which m ly be added 
what King Charles II. is reported to have faid of him, ** You 
'* may talk as much as you pleafe of your nightingales, but I 
•* have a Gojling who excels them all.** Anpthcr time, the 
faine merry monarch preiented him with a filver tgg filled 
with guineas, faying, *^ that be had heard thuc eggs were 
•* gt)od for the voice.** 

t See the Catalogue, under the year i782. 

I 4 CATA. 


C »»o ] 


O F 


I AM now engaged in an undertaking, which 
from its nature will be imperfed. While //o- 
ptrtb was yet an apprentice, and worked on his 
mailer's account, we may fuppofe be was not at li- 
berty to affix his name to his own performances. 
Nay^ afterwards, when he appeared as an indepen- 
dent artifty he probably left many of them anony. 
mous, being fome times obliged to meafure out his 
exertions in proportion to the fcanty prices paid for 
them. For reafons like thefe, we may be lure that 
many of his early plates muft have eluded fearch ; 
and, if gradually difcovered, will ferve only ro Iw cH 
the colledions they will not adorn. — The judicious 
connoifleur, perhaps, would be content to poficfs 
the pidhurs of R.';fct!k^ without aiming at a com- 

♦ It 1$ proper to acVnovledge, th«t ill I'uch fhon f:nftnref 
ind an not a I ions « n ihcie pertcrmancci a« kie dii'iineuiil^ed hj 
being primed boih in /;*iVj and bettrctn ir^^'crrfid c:».T.r.-iaf. arc 
copied irviB the 1. ft of Hi^mrtFj vorlj puhldbed br Mr. IT^^- 


^letc aflemblage of the Roman Fayence tiiat paiici 
pnder \\\s naqie. 

In fealing the dates of his pieces there is alfo. dif<^' 
ficulty. Sometimes, indeed, they have been inferrjs^ 
from circuniilances ^Imoft infallible ; as in refpe^ 
the Rabbit-bre^d^r^ ^^. which WQuid naturally have 
been pubUfhed in the year 1726. On other occaiions 
they are deu^rmined within a pertain compafs of time. 

. Thus the Ticket for Milward, then a player ^ I*i>- 
icoln's'lnn Fields, ipoft have preqedecj 173J, when he 
removed with Rich tp Covent Gmdeni apd h b 
^equally fure, that Orator Heniey chrifiemnj; an bfanf, 
and A Girl /wearing a child to a grave citi^n^ cao^ 

.put before 17 35, in which y^ar we Know that J. K. 
$chley^ one of Ricart^s coadjutors, had re-engravad 
them both for the ufe of tbe fourth volume of the 
Religious Ceremonies^ publiHied at Amfierdamm 17 36. 
But how are we to guefs at the period that produced 
Sancbo at Dinner , or The Dif cover y f 

The merits and demerits of his performances 
would prove deceitful guides in our refearches. At 
our artift grew older, he did not regularly advance 
in eltimation ; for neither the frontifpicces to Triftram 

. Shandy.^ the Titnes^ the Bathos, or the Bear, can be 
faid to equal many of bisearlieft produdtions. — Under 
fuch difficulties is the following chronological lift of 
our author's pieces attempted. 

The reader is likewife entreated to obfcrve, that 
throughout the annexed catalogue of plates, varia* 
tionS| &c« J. N. has mentioned only fuch as he has 


C "2 3 

tem/ Alike tm willing to deceive or bedeceived, he 
bas fupprefled all intelligence he could not authenti- 
cate from immediate infpedion. He might eafily 
1)ave enlarged his work by admitting particulars of 
'doubtful authority, fometimes imperfe£Uy recolle&ed 
by their feveral communicators, and fometimes of- 
fered as fportive tmpofitions on an author's credulity. 
Of this weaknefs every one poflfefles fome ; but per- 
haps no man more than he who ambitioufly feeks op- 
portunities to improve on the labours of another. 
J. N. is fure, however, that Mr. Wcipohy whom none 
can exceed in taite and judgment, will be little con- 
' ccmed about the merits of a performance that 
founds its claim to notice only on the humbler pre- 
tences of induftry and corrednefs. 

I. W. Hogartb^ engraver, with two figures and two 
Cupidr, April 28, 1720. 

I . An emblematic print on the S$uib Sea. W. He- 
garth inv. &f fc. Sold by Mrs. Cbttcol in Weftminfter- 
bally and B. Caldwell^ PrintJeUsr in Nnvgaie-^Jreer . 
•* Per/ons riding on wooden^borfts. He Devil cutting 
'^ Fortune into collops. A man broken en tbe wheels isc. 
" A very poor perfcrmanee.** Under it are the fol- 
lowing verfcs : 

See here the caufes why in Lend§n 
So many men are made and undone % 


i ^*3 ii 

Tfeit arts and honeft trading drop, 
To fwarm about the Dcvirs Ihop (A), 
Who cuts out (B) Fortune's golden haunches^ 
Trapping their fouls with lots and chances, 
Sharing 'cm from blue garters down 
To all blue aprons in the town. 
Here all religions flock together, 
Like tatne and wild fowl of a feather, 
*' •lica^ng their ftrife religious buftle. 

Kneel down to play at pitch and huftle (C) : 
Thus' when the fhepherds are at play ; 
Their flocks muft furely go aftray ; 
^e wdeful caufc that in thefe times 
(E) Honour and Honefty (D) arc crimes 
That publickly are punifh'd by 
(G)' Self-Intercft and (F) Vilany ; 
So much for mony's magic power, 
Guefs at the reft, you find out more. 

Price One Shilling ». 
It may be obferved, that London always affords a fet 
of itinerant poets, whofe office it is to furniih in- 
fcriptions for fatirical engravings. I lately overheard 
one of thefe unfortunate fons of the Mufe making a 
bargain with his employer. ** Your print," fays he, 
^Ms a taking one, and why won't you go to the price 
*' of a half-crown Epigram ?" From fuch hireling 
bards, I fuppofe, our artift purchafed not a few of 
the wretched rhimes under his early performances; 
unlefs he himfelf be confidered as the author of them. 

* For fomc further account of this defign, fee the article 
J£r» cfT^Jie^ under the year 173 a, N** 7. 

5 Of 

1 A 

C i«4 3 

Of this print emblematic of the S^tb Ses^ t fa ere 
are, however, two imprefliont. 1 he fecond, printed 
for Bowles, has been retouched, 

*. The Lottery *• W. Hogarth inv. ISftulf. Sold 
iy Cbileoi and Caldwell. '* Emblematic^ and not good.** 
This plate is found in four different ftates. In one 
there is no publifhcr's name under the title. Ano- 
ther was foU by Chtlcot^ i^c. A third was printed 
and fold by S. Sywf/on, in Maiden-Ume^ near -Covent 
Garden. A fourth was printed for Jpbn Bowles^ in 
whofe pofleiEon the plate, which he has bad re- 
touched, remsuns. The following explanation ac- 
companies this plate : ^^ i. Upon the pedeftal, Na- 
*^ tioqal Credit leaning on a pillar, Supported by 
'^ Juftice. 2. Apollo (hewing Britannia a pidhire re- 
*^ prefenting the Earth receiving enriching fhoweri 
*^ drawn from herfcif (an emblem of ftatc lotteries). 
^ 3* Fortune drawing the blanks and prizes, a* 
♦• Wantonnefs drawing the numbers. 5, Before the 

* It pppearSi from the following notice in the Ceneral Ad* 
vtrtifer^ Btc. X2, i/Ji, that this and the foregoing print were 
re-pub! ifhed by J^cwies during tl^ life of Hogarth. 

*^ Lately reprinced, dcfigncd, and engraved by Mr. Hlliiam 
•* llngmrth. 

•* Two Print! on the lottery. One of rhem (bowing the 
*' drawing of the Lottery by Wantonnefs and Fortune ; and by 
** fuitable eniblcms repreicnts the fuipence of the adventurers, 
^^ the £tuauon of the forrunare and unfortuate. 

•• The oth'^r print is a burlefq:ie reprefentation of the folly 
** and madnefs which inlpires all ranks of people after lottery* 
** gaming, with the pernicious confequences thereof. PrUt 
•• One t:hi!UMg. 

*• Sold by J. Bowles^ at the Black-bcrfc, 10 C^Mhill.*' 

** pedcflalj 

w"^ped#ftAl, Sufpcncc turned to iuid ftohy Flope afld 
** Fear. 6, On one harfd, Oobd Luck being clcii- 
•* vated i^ fcized by l^leafurc and Folly ; Fame per* 
^' fuading him to raife finking Virtue, Arts, &c« 
** J. On the other hand. Misfortune opprcfled hj 
«* Grief, Minerva fupporting birii points to the 
*^ fweets of Induftry. 8. Sloth hiding hts head in 
^^ the curtain. 9. On the other fide, AVarice hug^ 
** ging his money. 10. Fraud tempting Defpair 
** with money at a trap-door in the pedeftal.** Prkd 
One Sbiiling.-^Hwi not Hogarth, on this occafiort, 
condefceodect to explain his own meaning, it mult 
have remained in feveral places inexplicable; 

* I . Fifteen plates to Juiry de la Motraje^s '* Travels 
•* through Europe, AfiOy and Part of Africa.^* W. Hd- 
garth Jcuip. on fourteen of them ; viz. plates V. IX. X**, 
of thefe (viz. XXX.) contains a portrait of Cbarks 
the Xllth of Sweden. Several of the pictures, from 
which the Seraglio, &c. were engraved, are ftill in 
being, and are undoubtedly authentic, being painted 
ifl Turkey^ and brought home by De la Motraye, at 
his return from hi» travels. 1 hey were fold about 

* At the bottom of this plafte, rn one copy of the En^UJb 
' edition, the name of Ilogartb, though eraied, is fuf&cienti/ 

t In lattrt of the RngUJb copies of thii work, inllead of 
Plate XXX. by Hogarfh^ we only find a very fmall and imper* 
k£t copy of it by another handr 

• - twenty- 

[ m6 ] 

twenty^five years ago at Hackney^ for a mere trifle^ 
together with the plates to the prefent work. The 
latter, in all probability, are defiroyed* This book 
was originally publifhed in Englijb at Lond^n^ il%il 
afterwards in French at Thi Haguif in ijzy ; and 
again in Englijh * at London^ revifed by the. author; 
with the addition of two new cuts, in 1730. In the 
French edition, Plate V. Tom. I. is engraved by 
R. Smithy inftead of Hogarth, fo that this interme* 
diate copy contains only fourteen plates by him. Ic 
is probable alfo, that fome other anonymous ones, in 
all the editions, were by the fame engraver. His 
reputation, indeed, will fave more than it iofes by the 
want of his fignature to ellabliih their authenticity. 

2. Five Mufcovites. This (biall print appears at 
the corner of one of the maps to the fecond volume 
of the foregoing work. It has no intelligible refer- 
ence ; but, in the Englijh copy now before me, is 
the lad plate but one, and is marked C — T. 11. In 
a former edition of the prefent catalogue, it was 
enumerated as a feparate article, but muft now be 
reckoned as one of the fifteen plates to Motraye's 

To thefe I might add three plates more. If Ho^ 
garth engraved the Mufcovitei at the corner of the map 
already mentioned, he likewife furniihed the figures 
in the corner of another, marked T. L— B. And 

* This, (ln6\ly fpeaking, was not a re- publication ; it is the 
identical edition of 1723, with the addition of m Preface and 
.an Appendix. New title-pages were again printed to it, and 
a thii'd volume added, in 173^* 


t la? 3 

Plate T. I>-XVI. and T. II.— XXXVII. I have likei 
wife reafon to fuppofe were the works of our artill $ 
eighteen plates in all ; though the three latter being 
only conje&ural^ I have not ventured to fee them 
down as indifputed performances. Of the Mt^c^ 
vUes there is a modern copy *• 
• I, have juil been aflured by a gentleman of un« 
doubted veracity^ that he was once poflefled of a fee 
of plates engraved by Hogarth for fome treatife on 
mathematicks ; butj confidering them of little value, 
difpofed of them at the price of the copper. As 
our artift could have difplayed no marks of genius 
in reprefentations of cycloids^ diagramSi and equi* 
lateral triangles^ the lofs of thefc plates is not hea« 
yily to be lamented. 

I. Seven fmall prints to ** The New Metamor« 
'^ phofis of Lucius Apuleius of Medaura. LondoH^ 
*^ printed for Sam. Brifcoi^ 1724.** izmo. 2 voL 
L Frontifpiece. IL Feftivals of Gallantry, which 
the noblemen of Ramt make in the churclies for the 


entertainment of their miftrefles. III. The banditti's 
bringing home a beautiful virgin, called Camilla^ 
from her mother's arms, the night before ihe was to 
have been married. Vol. L p. 11 3. No name tp 
this plate. IV. Fantcfio^i arrival at the houfe of an 
old witch, who is afterwards changed into a beauti- 
ful young lady. V. The provincial of the Jefuits* 
recovery of his favourite dog from the cooper's wife. 

^ Mr. Walfek enumcratot ooly n plates. 

[ 128 3 

VI. Fffcb^s admiffion of her unknown hufliand in 
the d^rk, who always depaned before the raurn of 
light. VIL Cardinal Oii^oni and his niece's viiic td 
an bcrrtiitage in the holy defart, called Ctfi;vtf/^/tf/^ « 
the CardinaKs difcourie againft folitude to the her- 
mit, who had not been out of his cell, nor fpoke a 
nord, for forty years together. Plate IV. is the only 
one that has the leaft trait of character in it. 

4. Mafqueradcs and ojieras^ Burlington gate. JV. 
Hogarth inv. f^ fcu'p. Of the three (mail figures irt 
the center of this plate, the middle one is Lord 
Burlington^ a man of confiderable tafte in Painting 
^d Archice&ure^ but who ranked Mr. Kent (an in- 
different artift) above his merit. On one fide of the 
peer ii Mr. Campbell^ the architect ; on the other, 
his lord(hip*s poftilion. On a (Iiow-cloth in this plate 
ii alfo fuppofed to be the portrait cf King George IL 
who gave loco /. towards the mafquerade ; together 
with that of the Eafl of reterborougk^ who oflfers 
Cuzzoifl^ht Italian finger, 8coo L and Ihe fpurns at 
him *. Mr. HdJegger^ the regulator of the Mafque- 
rade, Is alfo exhibited, looking out at a window, 
with the letter //. under him. The fubftance of the 
foregoing remarks is taken from a eoIleAion lately 
belonging to Captain DaiHie -f^, where it is laid that 

* She is rather drawing the money towards her with a rakc. 

f This col le^rnn, conlitling of 241 prints, in tiiree port* 
ftu'.lle*, was fold at CbriftiPs^ April ^^ '781, for 5q guineas, to 
Mr. Ingham Fofirr^ a wealthy ironmonger, fincc dead. A let, 
ennraiQing only 100 prints, had been fold ibnr.e lime hefortf^ 
at the Time place, for 47 guineas. The Hon. Topham Beau- 
€Url*s let, of only Q9 prints, was fold in 1791 (while this note 
Ivlf prmting gff lor the iirfl edition) for 34./. lOi. 


C f«9 3 

tfa^ Wfci^ furnUhed t>V 'ad eminent Cbhrioifleur 4. 
A boMrd is Kkewifc difplayed, with the words— 
*' Long Rooiii. Fawks^s dexterity of hand.*^ ' It ap- 
pears from the following advertifement in MiJVs 
Weekly Journal for Saturday^ Decen^er 25, 1725, 
that this artift was a man of great confequence ixi 
his pfofeifion. ^' Whereas the town hath lately been 
^* alarriied, that the famous Fawks was robbed and 
*^ murdered, returning from perfotming at , the 
•* Dutchefs of Buckingham's houfe at Chelfea ; whicK 
'* report belhg raiftd and printed by a perlon to gain 
** mohey to himfelf, and prejudice the afcove men* 
' ^* tidned Mf. FaibiS, tvhoTe unparalleled pefforman* 
** ces have gained hiiii fo much applaufe from the 
*• greatcft of quality, ind mbft curious obfervcrs: 
<* We think, both in juftice to the iiyured gcntle- 
^' man, and for the fatisfad:i6n of his admirers, that 
*^ we cannot plcafe oUt teadefs betfer than to acquaint 
*' them he is alive, aild wifl not only perform his. 
^^ ufual furprizing dexterity of hand, pofture-mafter, 
" arid mufical clock ; but for the greater diveriion 
** of the quality and gentry, has agreed with the fa- 
^* mous Powell of 7 be Btiih for the feafon, who has 
^* the largeft, richefi, ind nioft natural figures, and 

* It is not, indeed, inconvenient for the reputatiod of this 
fsim6us conhoifleur, that his name continues to be a fccret* 
Either he could not fpell,* or his copier wsis unable 16 read 
what he undertook to tranfcribe. PqfiiUon mu(b be a roiftake 
for fome other word. The whole note, in the original, ap« 
pears to ha?e been the production of a male Slipjkp^ perhaps 
of high faihion. His petulant invcAive againft Lord fimriiagtom 
it here omitted. 

K ^' fineft 

C 130 1 

^^ fineft machines in England, and whofe former per- 
«c fbrmances in Covent Garden were £> engaging to 
<*' the town^ as to gam the approbation of the befl: 
'* judges, to Ihow his puppet-plays along with him, 
*' beginning in the Cbrijlmas holidays next, at the 
*' old Tennu'Court in Jama-Jlreet, near T!be Haymar" 
^' kit ; where any incredulous perfons may be fatisfied 
^^ he has not left this world, if they pleafe to believe 
•* their hands, though they can't believe their eyes*" 
— ^* May 25/' indeed, ^ 1 73 if died Mr. Fawhs, 
'' famous for his dexterity of hand, by which he 
^' had honefUy acquired a fortune of above 1 0,000 /• 
^' being no more than he really deferved for his great 
^' ingenuity, by which he had furpafled all that ever 
<< pretended to that art/' Political State, yoL XLL 

P- 543- 

This fatirical performance of Hogarth^ however^ 

was thought to be invented and drawn at the in(tiga<» 

tion of Sir James Tbornhill, out of revenge, becaufe 

Lord BurFpigton had preferred Mr. Kent before him 

to paint for the king at his palace at Kenfington. Dr. 

Fauftus was a pantomime performed to crowded 

houfes throughout two fealons, to the utter neglect 

of plays, for which rcafon they are cried about in a 

wheel- barrow *. We may add that there are three 


♦ Dr, Faujlusvfzs firft brought out at Lincoln s.Inn Fields ia 
1733, and the fuccefs of it reduced the rival theatre to pro- 
duce a like entertainment at their houfe in 172$. From a 
ibarcc pamphlet in oAavo, without date, called •* Tragi- 
** comical Relie^ions, of a moral and political Tendency, 

** occafioQcii 

t lit J 

pnois 6i this finall mafquerade, kc* one a copy 
firom tbe firft. The brigiaals ixave Hagarib'^ name . 


^* occ^fioaed by th^ prefetit ^taJtt of the two Rival-Theatret 
'^ in Drury'Lane and Lincchfs^InH Fields^ by Gahriel ReuMfl^ 
*^ £fq." I ihali tninfcribe an illtlftratiori of thefe plates : ** A 
'* feie years ago. by the help of HarUj^iu^j and Dn Fdujlus^ 
*' and P/tr/tf ana Proferpiae^ and other iofenial perfons, the 
'' New-Houle was railed to as high a pitch 6F popularity and 
^* Tcoown as ever it had been known to arfive at. Tho''tfae 
^* adors there coniifled cYihtfkf oi Seatcby zn^lrijh^ and FrtMcif 
** Strollers, who were utterly unacquainted with 'the Englijb 
** Stflge, and were remarkably deficient in elDcutFon and gcf. 
'* ture :. yet fo much waa the. art of juggliog at that time ifi 
<< vogue, and fo extreamly was the nation delighted with 
** Raree-Shows, and foreign rtprefentationsy • that all people 
^* flocked to the. New-Houfe, whilft the Old one was alcogo- 
V ther deferted, tho' it then could glory in a» excellent a fet 
** of EngUJh adors as ever had trod upon any iikage. In the 
** midfl of this joyful profperity and fuccefs, the Managers of 
** tbe New-Houfe were not without fecret uneafincfs and dif- 
** content, whenever they coniidered how ilippery a ground 
** they flood upon, and how much a jufter title their rivals 
** had to the favour and affections of the people. They were 
'* therefore always intent upon forming deiigns and concerting 
*• meafures for the entire fubverfion of the Old-Houfe, For 
** this purpofe, they conftancly kept in pay a (landing army 
*< of Scaramouches, who were fent about the town to polTcfs 
*^ it with averfion and refentment againd the Old Players^ 
** wfaoie virtues had rendered them formidable, and whoiie 
** merit W;as (heir greateft crime. Thefe Scaramouches, in fo 
*< corrupt and degenerate a time^ when blindncl's and tbily, 
** aad a falfe taHe every where reigned, were every where 
*' looked on as men of a fupcrior ikill to all other actors, and 
'^ oonfequently had a greater influence than the re A, and 
<< could lead after them a larger number of followers. Ir was 
" by means of the inceflfant clamour and o ncry that thefe 
*• miicreants railed, and of the lies and forgeries which iW-f 
^* faattered about the nation, that the common people were 
*^ fpirited up to commit the mod extravagant a6ts of iniolence 
,**aa4 outrage on the Managers of the Old-Houfc. /hey 

K a ** wcrdi 

C «3» 3 

within the frame of the plate, and the eight verfes 
are different from thofe under the other. It is fome- 
rimes found without any lines at all ; thofe in the 
firft inllance having been engraved on a feparate 
piece of copper, fo that they could either be retained, 
difinifled, or exchanged, at pleafure. In the firft 
copy of this print, inflead of Ben Jfcn/on's name on 
a label, we have Pafquin^ N® XL This was a pe- 
riodical paper publilhed in 1722-?, and the number 
fpecified is particularly fevere on operas, &c. T he 
verfes fo the firft imprelCon of this plate, are, 

^* vrere made the fport and derifiAn of fools, and tvcre dcli- 
'' vered up to an enraged and deluded populace, as a prey to 
** the faiy of wild beads. Their eoemies were continually 
*' plotting and confpiring their deftmdion, and yet were con- 
'* tinually profecuttng them for Sham-Plots jand pretended 
** Confpiracief, and fuboming wirnefles to prtfre them guilty 
** of attempts to undermine and blow up the Xew-Houfe. 

<* During thecourfe of thofe violent and illegal proceeding.% 
** tfie New A£lor8 were not wanting in any pains or 
** to gratify and incrcafe the then popular tafle for Rarec- 
** Shows, and Hocus-Pocus Tricks. Scenes and iMachincs, 
** and Puppets, and Pollure- Mailers, and Adtors, and Singers, 
*' with a new fet of Heathen Gods and Goddcflcs, and fevcral 
•• other torcigi) Decorntions and inventions, were fcnt for 
•* Uon\ F^an.etnd Italy ^ sind were ready to be imported with 
*' rhe firft fair wind. But quarrels lalling out anK)Dg the 
** Managers ot the Houfe, and one or two of the principal 
*' Aftors happening to quit the Stage, and the people grow* 
*< ing tired with fo much foul play, and with the fame decrfth 
** Hfifms fo often repeated, the fcene changed tt once, the "jox 
** fopttH turned againft the New-Houfe, which funk under a 
** lujd ('Mufiimy and contempt, and wis deferred not only by 
** rhe Spc^ators but even by its A6lors, who, to fare them* 
" frlvrs from the .juftice of an tbufed and enraged people, 
** were fox red to tly out of the nation, and to beg for protec- 
'• tion and fabfiftcnce from their wicked Confederates and 
*• 1 cllov;- Jugglers abroid." 


. L »33 J 

Could now dumb Frnt/hu^ to refwm the age, 

Copjure up Sbakejpiar^s or Ben Jobnfon^s ghoft. 
They'd bluih for fliaqnej to fee the Engtijb fiage 

Debauched by foorrieSj at fo great a cod* 
What would their ^nanes fay ? fliould they behold 

Monfters and mafquerades, where ufeful plays 
Adorned the fruitfull theatre of old»^ 

And rival wits contended for the bays. 
Price ijbilling 1724. 

To the fecond irapreffion of it : 

O bow refin'd, how elegant we 're grown ! 
What noble Entertainments charm the town ! 
Whether to hear the Dragon's roar we go, 
Or gaze furpriz'd on Fazvks*s matchlcfs ihow. 
Or to the Operas^ or to the Mafqucs, 
Tq eat up drtelansi and t* empty flafques. 
And rifle pies from Sbakefpear^s clinging page, 


Gfdod gods t how great 's the gufto of the age* 

In this print our artift ha; imitated the engraving of 


To the third impreffion, u e. the copy : 

Long has the (lage produdive becQ 

Of offsprings it could brag op. 
But never till this age was feen 

A Windmill and a Dragon. 

O C&ngreve, lay thy pen afide, 

Sbakefpear^ thy works difown, 

. Since monfters grim, and nought beiide. 

Can pleafe this fenfelefs town. 

K 2 I Ihould 

[ »34 3 

I (bould have obfervcd, that the idea of the fore- 
going plate was fioren from an anonymous one on 
the fame fubjed. It reprefent? Herculei chaining 
follies and deftroying mopfters. He is beating Heiy 
dagger J till the money ho had amafled falb out of his 
pocket. The fituation of the buildingSi &c. on the 
fides, &c. has been followed by our artiA. Mer- 
€ury aloft fuftains a fcroU^ on which is written ^' The 
^' Mafcarade dcftroy'd.'* The infcription under this 
print is " Hci Degeror. 1 I am undone." Price 

1. Five fmall prints for the tranflation oiCaJfandra^ 
in five volumes duodecimo. fV. Hogarth inv.i^ fculp. 

2. Fifteen head jpi^ces for ** The Roman Military 
** Puniihments, by John Beaver j Efq. London^ From 
** the happy JlcvoJqtiop, Anno ?xxvii/' (i. e. 1725. 
Small quarto^ pp. 155. From the preface it ihould 
fecm that the author bad been Judge Advocate. The 
book is divided into fcventeen chapters, each of 
which, except the fecond, third, feventh, and twelfth, 
have fmall head-pieces prefixed, of ancient military 
puniiliiiicnts, in the mannelr of Callot^s Small Miferies 
of War. W. Hogarth inv. & fculp. |n >779» were 
firil fuld by a printfellcr ten of thefe prints, together 
with two others not iq the book, being fcenes of 
modern war ; a pair of drums being in one, and a 
foldier armed with a muflcet in the other. Thus are 
there three prints in the book not in this fet; viz. 
Chap. 9. Soldiers fold for ilaves. 10. Degradation. 


C ^3S 1 

i6. Baniikifteiit; There is alfo in tlie title-page % 
Iktte figure of a Roman General fitting ; probably 
dohe'by Hogarth^ though his name is not under it. 

In the year 1774, thefe plates were in the poflef- 
fion of a Button-maqufa£turer at Birmingham* There 
are only eleven, one of them being engraved on both 
fides. They were given by him, however, to my 
informant, who parted with them to S. Harding an 
engraver, who fold them to Humphry the printfeller 
near Temfle-Bar^ their prefent proprietor. How they 
fell into the hands of the Birmingham manufa^rer 
(who took off a few impreflions from them)^ is un* 

Querj^ Does the plate engraved on both fides 
contain the two modern defigns ? 

In a Catalogue of Books fojd by W. Bdtboe^ was 
included " Part of the Colledion of the late ingeni- 
** ous W. Hogarth^ Efq. Serjeant Painter to his Ma- 
** jefty ;'* in which was BeaverU •* Roman Military 
^' Punifliments/* with twelve plates by Hogarth^ 

The plate to Chap. XVII. viz. " Pay ftopt wholly, 
** or in part, by way of punifliment*'—^' Barley given 
*' to offenders inftead of wheat, &c.'* differs in many 
inltances from that fold with the fet. At the bottom 
of the former, in the book, we read, *^ W. Hogarth^ 
'* Inven^./culpt!" The latter has *^ W. Hogarth^ in^ 
*^ vent, iifec'^ The former hw a range of tents be* 
hind the pay-table, Thefe are omitted in the latter ; 
which likewife exhibits an additional foldier atten^ 
*dbnt on the meafuring^ out of the corn, &c« 

'K4 Id<> 



I do Dpt neaa to Iky that the plate fold wich tiM 
let ts fpurioiis. Had ic beeo a copy, it would natur| 
rally have been a fervile one. Some rcafon, now UO"' 
difcoverable, muft have prevailed on our artift t»] 
re-cngrave it with variations. 

N. B. The two " fcenes of ipodern war," mentioa- 
ed alfo in p. 1 34. were dcfigned for a continuation of 
the fame work, which was never printed, as I guefs 
from the coiiclufion of the Author's preface. " This 
" regularly divided my book into two parts; one 
** treating of the Roman, the other of the Modern Mi- 
" litary Pmifimients. The firft I now fend into the 
" world, as a man going into the water dips his foot 
*' to feel what reception he is like to meet with \ by 
** that rule refolving, either to pubUfli the fecond 
*' pirt, or fit down contented with the private (atis- 
•* fadion of having, by my ftudlcs, rendered myfelf 
*• mote able worthily 10 difchaigc the duties of my 
" office." 

I have (incfi been affurcd, that our Author's heir 
. was a paftry-copk, who ufed all the copies of this ^ 
book for waftc-paper. 

3. A burlefque on Kent's altar piece at St, Cltmtnfi 
with notes. " // rcprr/ents at^tls very ill drawtt, 
" fhying en varmus tnf.rumintt." Speaking of this 
jpiint, Mr-Ifrt/jpo/if ill one place calls it a^djaf/t'; ant} 
in another, i. burl-fqiie on ICeni't Ahar- piece. But, 
it' wc mav believe Boiarlh himiclf, it is neither, but 
a very fair and honc0 rcorefcnution of a dcfpicabte 
pcilojmancc. The following is our artift'$ inlcrip- 
tioD to it, iranfcribed verbatim ij? literjtm. 


C w 3 

•*; TMs Print is cxadly Engraiv'd after y« cclc- 
•« bratcd Altar-Piccc in S/. CUments Church which 
^ has been taken down, by Order of y* Lord Biihop 
** of Loudon (as tls thought) to prevent Difputs and 
<' Laying of wagers among the Parrihioners about y* 
^* Artifts meaning in it. for publick Satisfadtion here 
•< is a particular Explanation of it humbly Ofierd to 
*^ be writ under the Original, that it may be put up 
^f again by which means y' Parifli^es 60 pounds 
.*' which thay nifely gave for it, miay not be Entirely 

" Ipft. 

*« xft. Tis not the Pretenders Wife and Children 

f^ as our weak brethren imagin. 

*< adly. Nor St. CedUa as the Connoifleurs think 

'* but a choir of Angells playing in Confort, 

A i an Organ 

B an Angel playing on it 

t. the (hortcft loint of the Arm. 

D the longed loint 

E An Angel tuning an harp 

F the infide of his Leg but whether right or Left 

is yet undifcover'd 
G a hand Playing on a Lute 
H the other leg judicioufly Omitted to make 

room for the harp 
I& 2 Smaller Angells as appears by their 
K wingf 

This pidkure produced a trad, Jntituled, ** A Letter 

" from a Parifliioner of Si. CUment Danes to Edmund 

" [Gihjon] 

" [Gibfori] Lord Biibop of Lond^n^ . occafiott'd ty 
<< his lordihip's cauiing the pidure over the altar 
<^ tx> be taken down : with fome obfenrations on the 
'^ ufe and abufe of Church-paintings in general^ and 
^ of that piAure in particular, 1725.'* 8vo. See Ap- 
pendix IL The proofs of this plate are commonly 
on blue i)aper, though I have uict with more than 
one on white. The original, after it was removed 
from the church, was for fome years one of the or- 
naments of the mufic-room at ^e Crown and Anchor 
in the Strand. As this houfe has frequently changed 
its tenants, &c. I am unable to trace the pi^hire in 
queftion any further* There is a good copy of this 
print by IXvtJay. 

5. A fcenc in HandeVs opera of Ptolomeo^ perform- 
ed in 1728, wuh Farinelli, Cuzzoniy and Senefino, in 
the charadtcrs of Ptolemy y Cleopatra^ and Julius Cafar. 
1 hofe who are inclined to doubt the authenticity of 
this performance, will do well to confult the rcpre- 
fcntation on a painted canvas in the fmall print on 
malquer.^dcs and operas, where the fame figures oc- 
cur in almoft the fame attitudes. I do not, how- 
ever. \ouch for the gcnuinencfs of this plate. In 
South' ark' fair, our artift has borrowed the fubjcft 
of hi? ihow-cloth from Laguerre; and might, in the 
prticnr inftancc, have adopted it from another hand. 

l he a|>pcarance Farinelii makes on this occafion 

may be jullifiecl by the following quotation from a 

Pamphlet, intituled, Rejlcdions upon Theatrical Ex^ 

prcjfion in Tragedy^ i^c. printed for W. Johnjon, &c. 

a 1755. 

t »39 ] 

1755* '' I ihaU therefore, io my further remarks 
^* upon this article, go back to the Old Italian 
'* Theatric when Farineili drew every body to the 
'^ Uaymarket. What a pipe ! what modulation ! 
*^ what extafy to the ear ! But, heavens ! what 
^' clumfineis ! what ftupidity I what offence to the 
^^ eye ! {leader, if of the city, thou may eft probably 
^' have feen m the fields of Iflingion or MiU-^nd, of 
^^ if thou art m the environs of <9/. 'Jfames% thou 
'^ muft have obferved in the park, with what ealie 
** and agility a G)w, heavy with Calf, has rofe up 
f* at the conunand of the Milk*woman's foot. Thus 
** frpm the mofly bank fprung up the Divine Fari^ 
^^ nelU. Then with long ftrides advancing a few 
^ paces, his left hand fettled upon his hip, in a beau* 
f' tiful bend like that of the handle of an old-faihioA- 
'^ ed caudle-cup, his right remained immoveable 
^^ acrofs his manly breaft, till numbnefs called its 
*• partner to fupply its place ; when it relieved itfelf 
^* in the pofition of the other handle to the caudle* 
" cup/* p.63, &c. 

Under a copy of the print abovementioned, which 
muft have been made foon after its publication, appear 
the following infcription, and wretched ungramma* 
deal lines : 

The three moft Celebrated Singers at the Opera. 

Scire tuum mbil eft^ niji tefcire bocfciat alter. 

Sigra the great, harmonioufly inclined. 

Who charms the ear and captivates the mind/ 


[ 140 ] 



Thou little (lave an emblem is of thofe 
Whofe hearts are wholly att y« worliis difpofe. 

Great Barrenjladt ^ encomiums great and true 
Is very ihort of whats your right 9nd due, 

1 he cbaraAers in the print under coniideration, 
might have been new-chrificn'd by the copier of ir. 

Either the dignity of Senefmo muft have been won- 
derful, or the following paflage in Dr. Warburton^s 
•* Enquiry into the Caufe of Prodigies and Miracles,'' 
(printed in 1727) atfords a mod notorious example 
of the Bathos. " Obferve," fays he, p. 60. " Sir 
•* Walter RaUigh's great manner of ending the firjl 
*• part of the Hi/lory of the World. * By this which 

* we have already fet down is fcen the beginning 

* and end of the Three firft Monarchies of the 

* World; whereof the founders and ercdtors thought 

* that they could never have ended : that of Roiiief 

* which made the fourth, was alfo at this time al- 
' moft at the higheft. \Vc have left it flourifbing 
^ in the middle of the field ; have rooted up, or cut 

* down, all that kept it from the eves and adpiiration 

* of the world ; but after fome continuance, it (hall 

* begin to lofe the beauty it had ; the ftorms of am- 

* biticn (hall beat her great boughs and branches 

* one againft another ; her leaves Ihall fall off; her 

* limbs -.vithcr, and a rabble of barbarous nations 

* enter the field and cut her down/ " V\'hat ftrcngth 

* Bt^^eyfJ^ath I a c::(*ra:o cngngfd by ILt\J{!\v, the operas. 

" of 

[ «4« ] 

«*^ of colouring ! What grace, what noblenefs of cx- 

^*' preffion j With what a majefty does he clofc his im- 

^^ mortal labour! It puts one in mind of the fo much 

<* admired exit of the late famed Italian Singeiu'* 

6. A juft View of the Briiijh Stage, or three heads 

better than one, fcene Newgate^ by M D. V — io ♦. 

This print reprefents the rehcarfing a new farce, that 

will include the two famous entertainments Dr. 

FaUjius and Harlequin Shepherd •\. To which will 

be added, Sidramouchjaik Hall the Chimney-fweeper's 


Kfcape from Newgate through the Privy, with the 
comical Humours of Ben Juhnfon^i Gbojij concluding 
with the Hay Dance, performed in the air by the 
' figures A. B. C- [WHr, Dootby and Cibber'^^ affiftcd 
by ropes from the Mufes. Note, there are no Con- 
jurors concerned in it, as the Ignorant imagine* 

i3» The Bricks, Rubbifli, &c. will be real ; but the 

• • -I 

' Excrements upon Jack Hall will be made of chewed 
' Gingerbread,, to prevent Offence, Vivat Rix. Price 
Sixpence. Such js the infcription on the plate; but 
I may add, that the rcpes already mentioned are no 
other than haliers, fufpcnded over the heads of the 
three managers J ; and that labels iffuing from their 

* Mr.De'vatowzi fcenc-paintcr to Drury-Lane or LincohCs* 
Jtin Fields^ and alio to Gooilmani Fields Theatre. There is a 
iKCZzotiiuo of him with the following title : '* Johannes De- 
•* *tfoto Uiiloricue Scenicufiiue Pidlor." flncen/o Damini pinxit. 
y. Fahr fecit, 1736. 

f Dr. Fiiujfus and IIa*hiju:n Shepherd were pantomimes coti- 
trived by Thnrmond the danciDg-mafler, and a£ted at Drury^ 
Lane in 172!;. 

X — Hatters^ &.C.] The fame idea U introduced in thr 9th 
plate of the apprrtitiLrr-. 



j-rfpe&jve mouths have the following chu«derift!e' ^ 
words. The airy Wilkr, who dangles ihc effigy of [ 
Punchy is made to exclaim — " Poor R — cb\ faith I 
" pitty him." The laureat Cibbtr, with Harlequin for 
his playfellow, invokes the Mufcs painted on the del- 
ing — " Affift, ye facred Nine ;*' while the folemn 
B<K>lh, letting down the image of Jack Hall into the ■ 
forica, is moft tragically blafpheming — " Ha I 
" this will do, G — d d— m me." On a table before 
thefe gentlemen lies a pamphlet, exhibiting a print 
of Jack Shepherd, in confinement ; and over the forica 
ll fufpondcd a parcel of wade paper, confiding of 
leaves torn from The tVay ef the World — Hamlet — 
Maclelb, and Julius Ccafcr. Ben Jonfon'i Ghofl, ia 
the mean while, is rifing through the flage, and 
p ■ g on a pantomimic ftatue tumbled from its 
bftfe. A fidler is alfo reprefcnted hanging by a cord 
in the air, and performing, with a fcroll before hin?, 
that exhibits — Mujtc for the H-'hat — (perhaps the 
What J" ye call it] entertainment. The countenances 
of Tragedy and Comedy, on each fide of the ftage, are 
hoodwinked by the bills for Harlequin Dr. Faufiut 
tnd Harlequin Shepherd, &c. &c. There is alfo a 
dragon preparing to fly; a dog thrvifling his head 
out of his kennel ; a flafk put in morion by ma- 
«hinery, &c. Vivetur In^enie is the motto over the 
curtain. In Mr. IFalpolei catalogue the defcription 
of this plate is, " Booth, Wilkj, and Cii/hrr, 
*f triving a pantomim*^ A Jatire on Jarteu 




C *43 3 

• tV Frontifpiecc to Terra-JiHus. W. Hcgartb fet. 
This work was printed in two volumes la®, at Oa> 
ford^ and is a fatire on the Tory principles of that 
Univerfity. It was written by Nicholas Amherft^ 
author of The Craftfman^ and was originally pub* 
lifhed in one volume. 

2. Twelve prints for Hudibras ; the lisirge fet. W. 
Hogarth niv.finx. etfculp^ Under the head of Butler : 
^* The bafib relievo of the pedeftal reprefents the 
'^ general defign of Mr. Butler^ in his incomparable 
poem of Hudibras; viz. Buikr's Genius in a Car 
l^ihing around Mount PamaJJuSj in the perfons of 
** Hudthras)2Lnd Ralphoy Rebellion, Hypqcrify, and 
** Ignorance^ the reigning vices of his time." This 
fct of prints was publiflied by fubfcription, by P* 
Overton and J. Cooper.. Mr. S. Ireland has Xcyen of 
the origmal drawings ; three others are kno>vn to be 
preferved in Holland; and two more were lately ex-ifl- 
ing in this kingdom. 1 he phtes, as has been Qicpi- 
tioiied already in p. xi, are now the property of Mr« 
Sayer^ whofe name, as publifhcr, is fubjoincd. The 
Rev. Mr. Bowie ^ F. A. S. had a fet with the lift of 
the fubfcribers, which he purchafcd at the Duke of 
Beavforfs fale in IVdtJbiru The printed title to 
them is, **, Twelve excellent and moft diverting 
" Prints ;* taken from the celebrated Poem of Uudi-^ 
•^ bras^ wrote by Mr. Samuel Butler. Expofing the 
" Villany and Hypocrify of the Times. Invented 
" and Engraved on Twelve Copper-plates, by William 

'* Hogartk^ 

[ "44 ] 

" Hogarth, and are humbly dedicated to WiUiam^ 
'* IVarJ, £.(q. of Great Hou^bton in Nn-lbantptonJJ^re; 
** and Mr Allan Ranifay, of Edittbur^h. 

" What excellence can Brafs or Marble claim I 
*' Thefe Papers better do fecure thy Fame : 
** Thy Verfe all Monuments does far furpafs, 
" No Maufoleum's like thy Hudihrai. 

" Printed and fold by PhiUp Overton^ Print and 1 
" Map-fcllcr, nt the GdJen Duek near St. Dunflai 
*' Church in FUet-Jircet ; and John Cooper, in jame^ • 
" Jireet^ Caneat Garden, 1716." 

Allan Reitsfay fubfctibcd for 30 fcts. The number. ] 
of fubfcribcrs in all amounts to 192. On the print 1 
of Hudihras and the Lazcjer is IV. Hogart dtUn. et \ 
fcttlp, a proof that our artift had not yet difufed the 
origintl mode in which he fpelt his name. In the 
fcenc of the Committee, one of the members has his 
gloves on his head. I am told this whimfical cuftom 
once prevailed among our fanctificd fraternity; but it 
13 in vain, I fuppofe, to aflt the reafon why. In piato , 
XI. (earlieft inipreffiona) the words *' Down with 
" the Rump5" arc wanting on the fcroll. — Memo- 
randum. At the top of the propofals for this fet of 
Prints, is a fmall one reprcfenting Hadibrat and 
Ralph, engraved by Pine. The original drawing J 
for it by Ho^^artb is in the poflcffion of Mr. BeieiOf ' 
Silverfmith, in Campton-firect, S'^bo. 

3. Seventeen fmall prints for Hudibras, with But- 

ter'i head. There certainly mull have been feme 



C *45 3 

tnlftake coflcerhing^ this portrait. It Hevei: could 
have been defigncd for the author of Hudibras 5 buf 
niorc ftrongly refetnbles John Bapti/i Monnoyer^ thii 
flower-painter, There is a print of him by Whiter 
from a picture of Sir Godfrey Knelleu This I fup* 
pofe to have been the original of Hogarih^s fmall 

The fame defigns engraVed on a larger fcdle, and 
with fome flight variations, by J. Mynde, for Grty't 
edition oi HudibraSi publiflied in i744» 

l^revious, however, to both, appeared another fet of 
plates, eighteen in number, for an edition in eightcens ' 
of thisi celebrated poem* To thefc it is manifcft that 
Hogarth was indebted for his ideas of fcvcral of the 
fccnes and perifonages both in his larger and fnialler 
performances on the fame fubjedV. That the col- 
\t&ox tnay know the book when he meets with it^ 
the following is atranfcript of the title-page. ** HiC" 
** dibras. In three Parts. Written in the time of 
*^ the late Wars. Corredcd and amended, with ■ 
** Additions. To which is added, Annotations to 
" the third Parr, with an exact Index to the whole; 
** never before printed. Adorned with cuts. Lon* 
** don. Printed for R. Cbijzuel, J. Tonfon^ ST. Uorne^ 
^* and/?. Wtllingicn^ 1710." 

Copies from the fmaller plates are likewife infcrtej 
in Ti/ivnly's tranflatioii of Hudihras into French^ with 
the Evghjh on the oppofite page. He was, I believe, 
an officer in the IrlJJj brigade. The following is the 
title-'page to his work. '^ Hudibrds, Poemc ccrit 

L ** dans 

C 146 ] 

** dans les terns dcs troubles d* AngUterre ; ct tfaduie 
•* en vers Francois ^ avec des remarques ct dcs figures. 
•• 3 torn. i2mo. A Londres^ ^TST*'* ^^ fcems ra- 
ther to have been printed at Paris. The plates have 
DO name fubfcribed to them. 

4* ' unkulariiy or the Wife Men of Godliman in 

•* They held their talents mod adroit 

** For any myftical exploit." Hud IB. 

This print was publifhed in the year 1726, i. c, about 
the fame time that Lord Onjlow wrote the following 
letter : 

" To the Hon*^^. Sir Hans Shane. To be left 
'* at the Grecian Coife Houfe, in Devereux 
" Couji near Temple Car London. 

" Sir, 1 he report of a woman's breeding of rab- 
bits has almoft alarmed England, and in a manner 
perfuaded feveral people of found judg^ of that 
** truth. 1 hare been at fome pains to difcovcr the 
** affair, and think I have conquerd my poynt, as 
** you will fe by the Dcpotition taken before me, 
** which Ihall be publifhed in a day or two, I am 

" Y' humble Servant, 
*' CInndon, Dec. 4//^, 1726. Onslow." 

Soon aficr, Mr. 6V, Andre alfo addreffed this note 
to Sir Hans Sic arte : 

** Sir, I have brought the woman from Guilford 
*' to y* in Leicejhr fields^ where you may if 

«« you 


C HI 3 

■** you plcafe have the opportunity of f?eing hef 
*• delivcrM. I am S' Your Hum Serv^ 

*« S* Andre *4 
^^ To Sir Ham Shane in 
** Bloornjbury Square**^ 

In the plate already mentioned, figure A teprefents 
S/* Andri. [He has a kitt under bis arm, having 
teen at firft defigncd by his family for a fencing and 
dancing-mafter, though he afterwards attached him* 
fclf to mufic of a higher order than that neceflary 
for one of the profeffions already mentioned.] B is 
Sir Richard Manningham^ C Mr. Saint hill a cele- 
brated furgeon here in London, D is Howard the fur«» 
geon 2Lt Guildford, who was fuppofed to have had a 
chief hand in the impofture. The reft of the cha- 
rafters explain themfelves. 

Perhaps my readers may excufe me, if I add a 
ihort account of another defign for a print on the 
fame fubjeit; efpecially as fome collcdtors have 
been willing to receive it as a work of Hogarth^ 

-In Mijl*s Weekly Journal^ Saturday, Jan. lith, 
17^.6*7, was the following advertifement : 

^' The Rabbit affair made clear in a full account 
*' of the whole matter ; with the picftures engraved 
** of the pretended Rabbit- breeder herfclf, Mary 
** ^oftSj and of the Rabbits, and of the pcrfons who 
*' attended her during hef pretended deliveries, 
•' Ihewing who were and who were not impofed on 

* Both tbcfe letters arc in The Brltljh Mufeum. See MS. 
61oan..33i2. XXVL G, and MS. Sloan. 3316.' XXVI. G. 

L 2 •* by 

C h8 ] 

" by her. Tis given gratis no where, but only up 
^' one pair of llairs at the fign of the celebrated 
'* Anodyne Necklace recommended by Doctor Cham" 
^' berlen for Children's teeth, &c." 

The original drawing from which the plate pro- 
mifed in Miji^s Journal was taken, remained in the 
poffeflion of Mr. James Virtue, and was probably de- 
figned by his brother George. It was fold in 17S1 
in the coUeftion of George Scott, Efcj. of Cbij^zvell in 
Effex^ together with eight tracts relative to the fame 
impofture, for three guineas, and is now in the col- 
ledtion of Mr. Gougb. 

St. Andre's Mifcarriage^ a ballad, published ia 
1727, has the following ftanza on this fubjcdt : 

'^ He difledtcd, compar'd, and dilVinguilh'd likewifc 
*^ The make of thcl'c rabbits, their growth and their 

*« fize. 
" He preferv'd them in fpirits, and — a little too late 
** Preferv'd (Vtrtuefculpfit) a neat copper plate," 

There is alfo a copper-plutc, confiding of twelve 
compartments, on the fame (lory. It exhibits every 
ilagc throughout this celebrated fruid. St. Andre 
aj)pears in the habit of a Merry- Andrew. The gene- 
ral title of it is, '* 'I he Doclors in Labour ; or a 
*• ne^v Whim-wham fro:n Guilford. Evirg a rcpre- 
*• fentation of the fi.uds by which the Cc^/i;?;.:;? wo- 
•* man cjnied on htr prc^'enJrd Rabbi: breeding ; 
'* alfo of the fimp*ic^y ot our Doctois, by which 
•* they aflilled tocaiiy on ihat mjpollure, dilco\crod 

" their 

C 149 ] 

*^ their Itill, and contributed to the mirth of his 
•* Majefty's liege fubjeds." 

In A///?'/ Journal for Saturday^ Dec. 17, 1726, is 
alfo the following paragraph, which Ihews that the 
playhoufe joined in the general ridicule of S/. Andre. 
** Laft week the entertainment called 7be Necro^ 
^^ mancer was performed at the Theatre in Uncoln^s* 
'* If:n Fields y wherein a new Rabbit -fcenc was intro* 
'^ diiced by way of cpifode ; by which the Public 
** may underfland as much of that affair, as by the 
'* prefent controverfy among the Gentlemen of the 
" faculty, who are flinging their bitter pills at one 
^* another, to convince the world that none of them 
*^ undcrftand any thing of the matter/' I am told 
by one of the fpcdtators ftill alive, that in this new 
fcene, Harlequin^ being converted into a woman, 
pretended to be in labour, and was firft delivered of 
a large pig, then of a footcrkin, &c. &c. 

From the fame paper of Saturday, Jan. 21, 1727, 
we learn, that ** The pretended Rabbit-breeder, in 
" order to perpetuate her fame, has had her pifture 
** done in a curious mezzotinto print by an able 
^^ hand." It was painted by Lap^uerre^ and fcraped 
by Faber. She has a rabbit on her lap, and difplays 
a countenance expreffive of the utmoft vulgarity. 
In Hogartb^s comic rcprcfcntarion, the remarkable 
turn-up of tho nofe is prefcrved. This, perhaps, 
was the only feature in her face that could not be 
altered by the convulfions of her pretended agony, 

I- 5 or 

I 150 ] 

or our aftift would have given her refeinblance with 
greater exa&ncfs. 

Mr. Dtliingbam^ an apothecary^ in Red-IJon-Square^ 
laid a wager of ten guineas with St. Andii^ that in a 
limited time the cheat would be detcfted. The 
money was paid him, and he expended it on a piece 
of plate, with three rabbits engraved by way of 

I learn from 7be Weekly Mifcellany^ for April 19, 
1740, that a few days before, *^ The celebrated 
*' Rabbit-woman oiGodalmin in Surry was committed 
•' to Guildford Gaol, for receiving ftolen goods." 

In The Gazetteer , cr Daily London Advertifer^ Jan. 
%\, 1763, was this paragraph, which clofcs the ftory 
of our heroine : ** Laft week died at Godalming in 
•f Surry, Alary Tofts, formerly noted for an impofition 
•• of breeding Rabbits/* 


1. Mufic introduced io Apollo by Minerva. Ho* 
garth fecit. ^* FrGntifprece to fome book of mufiCy or 
^^ ticket for a concert.'^ I can venture to affirm, on 
Vinqucftionablc authority, that this print is a mere 
copy from the frontifpicce to a more ancient book of 
inufic. The com])ofer's name has efcaped my 

2. Mafqueradc Ticket. A. a facrifice to Priapus. 
B. a pair of Lccheromcters fl^cwing the companys 
inclinations as they approach em. Invenrcd for the ufc 

of ladies and gentlemen, by the ingenious Mr. H r 

[ticiJiggery Pripe One Shilling, ** 7bere is much zvit 


* ;n 

C «5« 3 

^^ in ibis print. ^ The attentive obferver will find, that 
Hogarth has tranfplanted feyeral circumftances from 
hence into the firft plate to the Analyfts of Beauty^ as 
well as into his Satire on the Methodifts See the or- 
naments of an altar compofed of a concatenation of 
different periwigs, and the barometers exprcfling the 
different degrees of animal hear. At the corners of 
the dial on the top of this print is the date of the 
year (1727), and the face of HeiJtgger appears under 
the figure XU. In the earlieft imprefiions, the word 
" Provocati^•es has, inftead of V -the open vowel U. 
This incorreSncfs in fpelling was afterwards amended, 
though in a bungling manner, the round bottoms of 
the original letters being ftill viiible "f^. 

Concerning John James Heidegger j whofe face has 
been more than once introduced by our artift, the 
reader may cxprefs fome curiofity. The following 
account of him is therefore appended to the fore- 
going article. 

" This extraordinary man, the fon of a clergyman, 
*^ was a native of Zurich in Switzerland^ where he 
" married, but left his country in confequence of an 
*' intrigue. Having had an opportunity of vificing 
** the principal cities of Europe^ he acquired a talle 
^' for elegant arid refined pleafures, which, united to 
** a ftrong inclination for voluptuoufnels, by degrees 

qualified him for the management of public 

amufements. In 1 708, when he was near 50 years 

* In this print our artifl has likewife imitated the manner 
of Callotm 

L 4 . « old. 

C >5* 3 

^* olil, he came to England on a ncgotiaticn from the 
•* Swifs at Zurich ; but, failing in his cmbafly, he 
'* entered as a private loldier in the guards lor pro- 
•* recVion *. By his fprightly, engaging converfation, 
*• and infinuiiting addrcl's, he loon worked himfclf 
*• into the good graces of our young people of fiifhion ; 
" from whom he obtained the appellation of *' the 
" 6*:^ fs Count -{•.* Mc had the iiddrcfs to procure a 
** fubicription, with which in 1709 he was enabled 
•* to furniih out the opera of * Thomyris J,' which 
•* was written in fui^liJh^zmX performed at the Queen's 
^* theatre in the tijymarkei. The mufic, however, 
** was Itali^iti ; that is to fay, airs felcdtcd from fun- 
** dry of the foreign operas by Lojomini^ Scariatti, 
** Stejfanl^ Giiffxirini, and Aibinoni. Mod of the foiigs 
** in • Hbomyru were excellent, thofc by Lonoiuini 
" efpeciiiUy : VaUnihii^ hLrgarita^ and Mrs. Thefts 
*' fung in it; and Ueide?7cr by this performance 
^* a!<Hie was a gainer of 3CC j;,jineas §. The judici- 
** ous remaiV.s he iu:u1j on kveral dcfcdts in the 
*' con.iiiC'c of our optr:is in gcii'.ral, and ihe hints 
" he threw out for itnprovip.g the eiUL-rt-ilnmcnts of 

' Si'f N" 4.^. .Tri»'T^' tlie i^r'irs ot iir:*er* in <!'»'c. 

\ ^tl• Sir >.''■» /',;■"•.'.. Iir:i.ry ot \ii;f^i., \ --I. V. p. i^;. 
He i:« :\':te ti-l:cril i.!.lt.r :l,-s \\\\c in th** *"'i'.i*'c:/' \>.". : ;. 
r,n.l iS. : .i:i-l in >ir. y>/ .'•...■■/. »'. '* Cf^ircri :n vif Ixi-Lcrs i r' 
•' U\cra! I inini'i: IViluiis «!ct-L.i:V(l/' 1? n Ir-nKiiin-^o dcd.c ■- 
\\uw ot Mr. ih,^'i*\ '* Viiion ot Cv::utet^^' lo '* tr.c i:i.'« 

I '1 \\r'\* \vM nnc:li».r ojkt.i cf the i"\iiie mnic^ by I\ .' 

^ '• y ••.•.•-.>'■♦*' :\rK\ ** i\. ..• . j'* '.^crc boih icvivcd in i;:'*; 

C »53 3 

•* the royal theatre, foon eftabliflied his chara&cr as 
•** a good critic. Appeals were made to his judgc- 
" ment ; and fottie very magnificent and elegant dc- 
*^ corations, introduced upon the ftage in confc- 
" quence of his advice, gave fuch fatisfadion to 
" George II. who was fond of operas, that, upon be- 
*' ing informed to whofe genius he was indebted for 
** thefe improvements, his majefty was pleafcd frocri 
*f that time to countenance him, and he foon obtained 


" the chief management of the Opera-houfe in Tbe 
" Haymarket. He then fet about improving anotVier 
" fpecies of diverfion, not lefs agreeable to the king, 
" which. was the mafquerades, and over thefe he al- 
^' ways prefided at the king's theatre. He was !ike- 
^' wife appointed mailer of the revels. The nobility 
*' now carcflcd him fo much, and had fuch an opi- 
*^ nion of his tafte, that all fplendid and elegant en- 
^^ tertainmcnts given by them upon particular occa- 
*^ fions, and all private aflemblics by fubfcription, 
*^ were fubmitted to his dircftion *. 

From the emoluments of thefe feveral employ- 
ments, he gained a regular confidcrable income, 
^' amounting, it is faid, in fome years, to 5000/. 
" which he fpent with much liberality; particularly 
•* in the maintenance of perhaps a fomewhat too lux- 

* J, K. has been favoured with the fight of an amethyft 
fnnfF-box fet in gold, prcfented to //f/V^^^cr in 1731, by the 
diikc of Lorrain^ afterwards ctnperor oi Grmany^ which Hci- 
dcgger very highly valued, and bcqueatlicd to his cxecuror 
LtvAi IP'ay^ cfq. of Richmond^ and which i$ now (I/85) m ihe 
poiTcifioa of his fon Btnjamtn ^"^'j efq, 

'* urious 


C 154 3 

^^ vnom table ; fo that it may be lajd, be raifed an 
«< iocomey but never a fortune. His fcribles, how- 
^ ever, if they dcfcrve fo harfh a name, were com- 
« pletely * covered' by his * charity/ which was 
^ b -undlefs ♦. 

^* That he was a good judge of mufic, appears 
^* from his opera : but this is all that is known of 
f ^ his mental abilities *f- ; unlefs we add, what we 

« have 

♦ After a fucce&ful mafqucrflde, lie hat been known to 
give «way itvcml hundred pounds at a time. ** You know 
** poor objedf of diilrefs better than 1 do," be would fre- 
quently obierve to Mr. f^a^y *^ Be fo kind as to give away 
** thii iDOoey lor me/* This well-known li'^crality. perhaps, 
contributed much to hw carrying oo that diver^on with fo 
little oppolitioo at he met with. 

t Fo^ (Dunctad, 1. 189.) calls the bird which attended on 

** » • ■ a monfter of a fowl, 
•* Something betwixt a Hridrgger and owl.'' 
and explains Heitie^er to mean ^^ a Grange bird from Switzer^ 
** land^ and not (as fome have fuppofedj the name of an emi> 
** nenc perfon, hiio was a man of parts, and, as was faid*of 
•* Pftrutiius^ Arbiter LlcgHnridrum/* 

1 he author ol Jhe tkaMdaiiz^tU has alio put the following 
defcription of our hero into the mouth of Handel: 

** 'I'hou perfection, as far as e*er nature could run, 
•* Of the ugly, quoth H — <^— /, in th* uglied baboon, 
** Human nature's, and even thy Maker's difgrace, 
•* So trightful thy looks, lo grotcfquc is ihy face I 
•• With a hundred deep wrinkles imprefs'd on thy front, 
*^ Like a map with a great many rivers upon't ; 
'^ Thy lafcivious ridottos, obiccne mafquerades, 
** llave unmaidcd whole fcores ev'ry feafon of maids.** 
Fielding alfo has introduced him in the Puppet -fliow, with 
which \\iti Author* s Farct (aded at the Ha^market 1729), con- 
cludes, under the title of CoMMi Ugfy, 

^ Nonfenfc. 

" havfe good authority for fityiffg in lionotir to hii 
^* memory, that he walked from Charing^Crofs to 7V»*- 
*^ pie^bar, and back again ; and when he came home, 
^* wrote down every fign on each fide the Strands 

** As to his perfon, though he was tall and well 
*^ made, it was not very pleafing, from an unufual 
** hardnefs of features *• But he was the firft to 

•^ joke 

♦• Nonftnfe. Too late, O mighty Count, you came. 
•* CMfitm I alk not for inyfelf, for I dildain 

•* 0*er the pl6ot ragged trib« 6f bards to reigH. 
** Me did nay ftars to happier fates prefer, 
•♦ 9ur-intendant dcs plaifirs ^AngUteru* 
•^ If maftquerades you have, let thofc be mine, 
" But on the Signor let the laurel fhine. 
*« Tragedy. What is thy plea ? Haft written ? 
^* Count* No nor read. 

•* But if from duloefs any may fucceedy 
^^ To that and nonfenfe 1 good title plead, 
" Nought clfe was ever in my mafquerade.*' 
* In a Dedication to ** The Mafqucrade, a Poem, infcribea 
•* to Count Heidegger^** (which is the produdion of Mr. FleliU 
tMgy though foifted into the works of Dr. Arbuthnot^) the fa^ 
tctious writer fays, ** 1 cannot help congratulating you on 
*^ that gift of Nature, by which you feem fo adapted to the 
^^ poft you enjoy. I mean that natural mafque, which is tod 
** vifible a perfcAion to be here infiftcd on — —and, I am 
** fufe, never foils 6f making an impreffion on the mod indif- 
•* ferent beholder. Another gift of Nature, which you fecitt 
** to enjoy in no ijnall degree, is that modeft confidence fup^ 
♦• porting yOu in every aft of your life. Certainly, a great 
♦• bletiing ! For I always have obftrvcd, that brafs in the 
** forchegd draws gold into the pocket. As for what man- 
*' kind palls virtues, I (hall not compliment you on them : 
^* fmce you are fo wills as to keep them fccret from the world^ 
>* far be it from me to publilh them ; efpccially fince they irre 
^* thmgs which lie out of the way of your calling. Smile theti 
^* (i^ y^u ^^n fmilc) on my endeavours^ and this little poem, 

" with 


C 156 J 

** joke upon hU own uglinefs ; and he once laid a 
•* wager with the earl of Chejlcrfidd^ that, within a 
•* certain given time, his lordlhip would not be able 
•• to produce fo hideous a face in all London. After 
*' ftrict fearch, a woman was found, whofc features 
•* were at firft fight thought ftronger than Heidegger's ; 
** but, upon clapping her head-drefs upon himfdf, 
^* he was univcrlally allof^vfed to have won the wager. 
Jolly J a well-known taylor, carrying his bill to a 
noble duke, his grace, for cvafion faid, * Damn 
yojur ugly face, I never will pay you till you bring 
me an uglier fellow than yourfelf !* Jolly bowed 
'* and retired, wrote a letter, and fent it by a fcrvant 
•' to Heidegger ; faying, * his grace wiihed to fee him 
•* the next morning on particular bufinefs.' ffc/- 
^^ ^^S^r attended, and Jolly was there to meet him ; 
*^ and in confcquence, as foon as Heidegger'^s wlCit v/2iS 
*^ over, Jolly received the calh. 

" The late facetious duke of Afontagu (the mcmo- 
•* rablc author of the bottle- conjuror at the theatre 
*' in 77?e Haymarket) gave an entertainment at T'he 
•* Devil'tavirn, Tewple-bar^ to feveral of the nobility 
** and gentry, leledling the mod convivial, and a 
*^ few hard-drinkers, who were all in the plor. 
•* Heidegger was invited, and in a few hours after 

•• with candour for which the author defiret no more 

** gratuity than a ticket for your next ball." There is a 
mezzotinto cf Heidegger by J, Faber^ '74»> (other copies dattd 
174.9) from a pointing by f^anloo, a llriking likenefs, no^v 
(178^) in the poifcflion of Peter Crawford^ clq. of Cold Bath 

" dinner 

C 157 3 

'^ dinner was made fo dead drunk that he wtt 
*^ carried out of the room, and laid infenfible upon 
** a bed. A profound fleep enfued ; when the late 
** Mrs. Salmon^s daughter was introduced, who took 
" a mould from his face in plafte^ of Paris. From 
*^ this a maik was made, and a few days before the 
" next mafquerade (at which the king promifed to 
" be prefent, with the countcfs of TarmouthJ^ the 
** duke made application to Heidegger^s valet dc 
" chambre, to know what fuit of cloaths he was 
" likely to wear ; and then procuring a fimilar 
" drcfs, and a perfon of the fame ftature, he gave 
^' him his inftrudtions. On the evening of the 
*' mafquerade, as foon as his majefty was fcated 
*' (who was always known by the conductor of the 
** entertainment and the officers of the court, though 
** concealed by his drefs from the company), Hei^ 
degger^' as ufual, ordered the mufic to play * God 
fave the King ;' but his back was no fooner turned^ 
than the falfe Heidegger ordered them to (Irikc up 
^ Charly over the Water.* The whole company 
were inllantly thunderftruck, and all the courtiers, 
not in the plot, were thrown into a ftupid confter- 
** nation. Heidegger flew to the mufic-gallery, fwore, 
** ftamped, and raved, accufed the muficians of 
*^ drunkennefs, or of being fet on by fome fecret 
^' enemy to ruin him. The king and the countefs 
** laughed fo immoderately, that they hazarded a 
*' difcovery. While Heidegger flayed in the gallery, 
*' * God lave the King' was the tune ; but when, 

" after 



C »58 3 

^ after fetttng matters to rights^ he retired to on« of 
'' the dancing-rooms^ to obferve if decorum was 
-** kept by the company, the counterfeit ftepping 
" forward, and placing himfclf upon the floor of the 
•* theatre, juft in front of the mufic-gallery, called 
'' out in a mod audible voice, imitating Heidegger^ 
** damned them for blockheads, had he not jufl: 
^^ told them to play * Cbarly over the Water.' A 
'^ paufe enfued ; the muficians, who knew his cha- 
'^ radtcr, in their turn thought him either drunk or 
''mad; but, as he continued his vociferation, 
" * Charly* was pkycd again. At this repetition of 
'* the fuppofcd affront, fome of the officers of the 
'^ guards, who always attended upon thcfe occafions, 
-** were for afccnding the gallery, and kicking the 
'^ muficians out ; but the late duke of Cumberland, 
'^ who could hardly contain himfelf, interpofcc!. 
'• The company were thrown into great confufion. 
" * Shame ! Shame !' refoundcd from all parts, and 
'* Heidegger once more flew in a violent rage to that 
" part of the theatre facing the gallery. Here the 
** duke of Montagu^ artfully addreffing himfclf to 
'^ him, told him, ' the king was in a violent paffion ; 
'* that his beft way was to go inftantly and make an 
** apology, for certainly the mufic were mad, and 
" afterwards to difcharge them.' Almoft at the 
** fame inftant, he ordered the falfe Heidegger to do 
** the fame. The fcene now became truly comic in 
** the circle before the king. Heidegger had no 
'* iboner made a genteel apology for the infolence of 

" bis 


C «59 } 

<» his muficians, but the iklfe Heidegger advanced^ 
'* and, in a plaintive tone^ cried out» ^ Indeed, Sire, 
** it was not my fault, but that devil's in my likecefs/ 
** Poor Heidegger turned round, flared^ ftaggered^ 
'< grew pale, and could not utter a word. Thp duke 
'^ then humanely whifpered in his ear the fum of his 
plot, and the counterfeit was ordered to take off 
his mafl:. Here ended the frolick ; but Heidegger 
*' fwore he would never attend any public amufe* 
^* ment, if that witch the wax- work woman did not 
'^ break the mould, and melt down the maik before 
** his face •. ^ 

'* Being once at fopper with a large company^ 
<^ when a queftion was debated, which nationalift of 
** Europe had the greateft ingenuity ; to the furprifc 
^* of all prefent, he claimed that cbarader for the 
^^ Swi/Sf and appealed to himfelf for the truth of it. 

♦ To this occurrence the following imperfeft fbnzas, 
tninfcribed from the hand-writing of Pope^ are fuppofed to 
relate. Thej^ were found on the back of a page containing 
focne part of his tranflation, either of the ** Utad'* or 
•* Odyffey," in the Britijb Mujeum. 

XII r. 

Then he went to the (ide-board, and call'd for much liquor^ 
And glafs after glafs he drank quicker and quicker;. 

So that Heidegger quoth. 

Nay, faith on his oath. 
Of two hogQieads of Burgundy, Satan drank both, j 

Then all Hkc a ■ the Devil appeared, 
And Arait the whole tables of diftief he clearM ; 

Then a friar, then a nun. 

And then he put on 
A face all the company took for hit owr» 
Even thine, O falfe He'idtggcr ! who were fo wicked 
To let in the Devi l 

C '60 ] 

w « I was born a Sivifi^* faid he, * and came to Eng^ 
*^ Ai;?^ without a farthing, where I have found means 
^' to gain 5000 /. a year, and to fpend it. Now I 
*' defy the moft able EngUjhman to go to Switzerland^ 
*' and cither to gain that income, or to fpend it there/ 
'^ He died Sept. 4, 1749* ^^ ^^^ advanced age of 90 
** years, at his houfc at Richmond in Surrey^ where he 
" was buried. He left behind him .one natural 
" daughter, Mifs Pappet^ who was married Sept. 2, 
*^ lyS^j to Captain (afterwards Sir Peter J Denis *. 
** Part of this" lady's fortune was a houfe at the north 
** weft corner of Siucen-Jjuarc^ Ormond-fireet^ which 
** Sir Peter afterwards fold to the late Dr. Campbell^ 
*' and purchafcd a feat in Kmt^ pleafantly fituated 
** near IVeJIram, then called Valence^ but now (by its 
*' prcfcnt proprietor, the earl of Hilljhorough) HiU 
•* Park:' 

3. " Frontirpicce to a Collcdtionof Songs, with the 
Mufic by Mr. LezeridgCy in two vols. 8vo. LondoUy 
engraved and printed for the author, in T'dviflock^ 
Jirect^ Ccvent 'Garden^ ^7^7- This dcfign confills of 
a Bacchus and a Vckus in the Clouds, and a figure 
with niufical inftrumcnts, &c. on the earth, foliciting 
ihcir attcnrion, See. The ornaments round the eii- 
gvavcd title-page fcciii likcwile to be Hogarth^s. 


1. Head of liefsody from the buft at mitcn. The 
fronrifpicco to Cook's tranflation ot Hcftody in 2 vols. 
4to. printed by iV. Blandford for T. Green. 

* Who died June 12, 1778, being then vice •admiral of the 
red. Sec M.ii.oirsot him in Gent, M..^. 1780, p. 268. 

2. Rich's 

[ i6i 3 

4. lUtb^s Glory, or his Triumphant Entry into 
C&veni Garden. IV. H. I. P. SULF. ?r}ke Sixpence. 

The date of the print befote us has been con- 
jectured from its reference to the Bc^ar*f Opera, 
and Per/tus and jindromeda^y both of which were 
adted in the ye^r already mentioned. 

This plate reprefents the removal of Rich and 
his fcenery, .authors, adors^ &c. {xotti Lincoln" s^lnn 
Fields to the JVirw Houfe ; and might therefore be 
as probably referred to the year 1733, when that 
event happened* The fcene is the area of Covent 
Garden, acrofs which, leading toward the door of the 
Theatre, is a long proceflion, conflfting of a cart 
loaded with thunder and lightning ; performers, &c* 
and at the head of them Mr. Rich (invefted with the 
ikin of the famous dog in Perfeus and Andromeda) 
tiding with his miftrcfs in a chariot driven by Har* 
tequin, and drawn by Sat)'rs. But let the verfes at 
bottom explain our artifl's meaning : 

Not with more glory through the ftreets of Rome, 
Return'd great conquerors in triumph home. 
Than, proudly drawn with Beauty by his fide, 

We fee gay R j- in gilded chariot ride. 

He comes, attended by a numVous throng. 
Who, with loud ihouts, huzza the Chief along. 

* The Perffus and Andromedn^ for which Hogarth engraved 
the plates mentioned in p. 170, was not publiflied till 1730 ; 
bi:t there was ode under the fame title at Drury-Lane in i7iS. 
As both hoiifes took each other's plans at that time, perhaps 
the hincolns^lnn FielJi Ftr/tus might have been adcd before it 
was printed, 

t Rich. 

M Behold 

r '6* ] 

behold two bards, obfcquious, at his wheels^ 
Confefs the joy each rapturM bofom feels ; 
Confcious that wit by him will be received, 
And on his ftngc true humour be retriev'd, 
"So/en/tifle and f^rctty play will fall ^ 
Condemn^ by him as not theatrical. 
The players follo-.v, as they here are nam'd, 
DrefsM in each charadcr for which thev'rc fam*J. 
^in th' Old Dacb^loitr^ a Ucro Ryan ihows, 
V\^\iO flares and ll ilks Tr»a;cftTck as he goes* 
Wuiker 'f^, in his lov'd chanitlcr we fee 
A Trince, rho' once a fifhcrman was he, 
And Maffdnch nam'd ; in this he pridis, 
Tho' fam*d for many other parts bdi.ics. 
Then HiiUX^ ^^ho ttUs the bubbled countrymen 
'I hat Carclus is Larin tor J^ecn Anne. 


• '^o j'cttfihh and f''^fy pl\v, &c.] This rcfi rs to CMer*i de» 
cifion on the rr.criis «:t I^mm* pic- c •»ffL-refl for rtpiclcnration, 
HT'd, we ii..iy f;jpj)r»l"c, rcjcflod. In ». ropy nf verics adcirefU-d 
to i?/€^- en rhc l:niliim«; ot Ciyvrnt Cttva*H riicr»:rc, are the J»jI- 
l«.Air'f» lii.'jr, '.;:!i^•Il iceni to aliudc to the lejc^iyii already 
iucn:i>.iKd : 

*• Potts no ! ■p::t f:.*!* fi'-in rlirir jt*i\B 
** To iLurr.^ii (..■;•■.'•■•".' j^iMcil ■.'. irhvTuI hii-s ; 
•* 'IV \.,:\\ ■\ j :i'i^«: ih^- 1 :i".i.r"d Icliic jifctnt, 
** Vhurr- /.*♦.•:' .IT..! iv/'v u- -n't <.iiit:iM : 
** iMil 10 lirv liic.irrc v.iih pic li'ifL bcir 
** T:.'.* t. ■: L I. ".■•til id' s::d il.v.' ii.;i-ic icr." 
•* Ti:' o": :»i: .'/.'*'•./;:. W- jictt, ho'.cvcr, to peifornr 
t! c h^i' ;r. I i-i. ..' il» <**.^.;-w* -. i r{*;n wvA-: lines it appears 
ti..:t Ji*. -V.* .1 : •. ■ :^"5 : ;.-.i.i.;i:<. p.irt v. i:-j i.j.n. Fn»m C^rr- 
.*:'.vf*/'j liJi ' ly li :!. • . :..tL', p :^t. I Ic.;:i: •iiai //tf/ivr h::d 
lip.TiCU*! ii'C t.. i» I .: - ^ ; y .. -^ ;' ?J'.r-"j':if:- ipLo unc piece, 
V ;:i ••. w..: aT .'1 ■.::.! :^-:-: . /.• . . .-i ■ /.c-..<. 

1 "J":.i: «•: li".i il /,■ •'. '•■ .» ■■ ♦* ...:-. .^.l^l'i iicd I. ' li»s r>cr- 

• i ■ ■ • 

ft>^44ij.««»** " * ^^^ 

I ^Lii'jiirii A .V. 

;, Di*f 

Dicl ever mortal know (b ct^an a bite > 
Who elfe, like him, Can Copy Serjeant Kite I 
To the Piazza let us turn our eyes, 
Sec Johnny Gay on porters iho'ulders rifci 
\Vhi!(t a bright Man of Ta(t his woYks.dcfpifc 
Another author wheels his works with care, 
. • In ho[>.es to get a market at this fair ; 
For fuch a day he fees ncJt cv'ry year. 

By the Mnn of Tajic, Mr. Pope wasf apparently 
dcfigncd. He is feprelentcd, in his tyc-wig, at one 
Corner of the Piazza^ wiping his poftefiofs with the 
Beggar^s Operai The letter P is over his head. His 
little fword is figniffcantly placed, and the peculia- 
rity of his figure well preferved. 
• The reafon why our artift has affigned fuch an 
tmplcJyment to him, we can only guefs. It fcems,* 
Indeed, from Dr. Johnjons Life of Gay^ that Pope did 
ftot think the Beggar* s Opera would fucceed. Szvifii 
however^ was of the fame opinion ; and yet the 
former fupported the piece oh the firfl. night of ex- 
hibition, and the latter defended it in his Inielligemer 
Ggainft the attacks of Dr* Heiring -j-, then preacher to 
the Society of Lincoln' s-Inn^ afterwards archbiftiop 
of Cantcrburyi Hogarth might be wanton in his fa- 
tire ; might have founded it on idle report •, or 

*" The grammaf and fpeliing of this line are trul/ Ho* 

^ t ** A noted preacher near L/V7tW/*'i-/^/f 'pla>houfe has 
** taken notice of x\iK, Beggar* s Opera in the pulpit, and in- 
'* vcighed againil ic as a tiling of very evil tenJcacv/' Mi/Vs 
tyiekiy Jouraal^ March 30, 1720. 

M 2 might 

C »64 3 

might have facrificed truth to the prejudices of Sif 
Jamei Tb^nhill^ whofe quarrel^ on another occafion, 
he b fuppofed to have taken up, when he ridiculed 
The Tranjlator of H^mer in a view of " The Gate 
•* of BurUngton-bmifeJ* 

There are beGdcs (bme allufions in the verfes al« 
ready quoted ^ as well as in the piece they refer to, 
which I confefs my inability to illuflrate. Thofe 
who are bcft acquainted with the theatric and poeti* 
cal biflory of the years 1728, &c. would prove the 
moft fuccefsfiil commentators on the prefent occa- 
iion ; but not many can p jfiibly be now alive who 
were at that period competent judges of fuch 

This prints however, was not only unpublifhcd, 
but in feveral places is uniiniihed. It was probably 
fupprefled by the influence of fomc of the charadters 
reprefcnted in it. The ftyle of compoiition, and 
manner of engraving, &c. Sec. would have fufiicicntly 
proved it to be the work of Hogartby it* the initials 
ot his name had been wanting at the bottom of the 

3. The Beggar's Opera. The title over it is in 
capitals uncommonly large. 

Brit tons attend — view this harmonious ftnge, 
And lirten to thole notes which charm the age. 
Thus (hall your taftes m founds ^wAfcnfe be Ihown, 
And Beggar^ J Op*ms ever be your own. 

Xo pointer or engraver's name. The plate fcems 


C 165 ] 

At once to reprefent the exhibition of The Beggar^s 
Opera, and the rehearfai of an Italian one. In the 
forvier, all the charadters are drawn with the' heads 
of different animals ; as Polfyy with a Cat's ; Lucyf 
with a Sow's; Macheaibj with an Afs's; Lockii^ and 
Mr* and Mrs. Peachufjiy with thofe of an Ox, a Dog, 
and an Owl. In the latter ^ feveral noblemen appear 
i;ondu£ting the chief female finger forward on the 
flagCy and perhaps are offering her money, or pro- 
tection from a figure that is rufhing towards her with 
a drawn fword. Harmony, flying in the air, turns 
her back on the Englijh playhoufe, and haftens to^ 
ward the rival theatre. Muiicians (land in front of 
ihe former, playing on the Jew's-harp, the falt-box, 
the bladder and ffring, bagpipes, &c. On one fide 
are people of diftindtion, fome of whom kneel as if 
making an offer to Pollys or paying their adorations to 
her. To thefe are oppofed a butcher, &c. exprefiing 
fimilar applaufe. Apollo^ and one of the Mufes, are 
faff afleep beneath the (lage, A man is eafing nature 
under a wall hung with ballads, and ihewing his 
contempt of fuch compofitions, by the ufe he makes 
of one of them, A fign of the ftar, a gibbet, and 
fome other circumftances lefs intelligible, appear in 
tne back ground. 

4. The fame. The lines under it are engraved 
in a different manner from thofe on the preceding 
plate. Sold at the Print-Sbop in The Strand^ near 
Cat bcrint Streets 

M 3 5t A 

[ i66 ] 
5. A copy of the fame, under the following title. 

The Opera Houfe, or the Italian Eunuch-s Glory. 
Humbly infcribed to thofc Generous EncQuragcrs of 
Foreigners, and Ruiners of England. 

From France J from Ronie we come. 
To help Old England to to b' undone. 

Under the divifion of the*prinr that rcprefcnts the 
JtalianOperaj the words — Stage Mutinj- — are pcrhap? 
improperly added. 

On the two fides of this print arc fcrolls, conrain^ 
ing a lift of the prcfents' made to Funnelli. The 
words are copied from the fame enumeration in the 
fecond plate of ihe Rake's Progrefs *. 

■ ■ • ■ • ■ 

At the bottom are the following lines : 

Britiains artend — view this harmonious, ftage. 
And lillen to thofe nores which charm the ag(4 
How fwcet I he found where cats and bear 5 
W ith brurifh noife ofTcnd pur cars ! 
Juil fo the foreign fingers move 
Kather contempt than gain our love. 
Were K;ch difcourag'd, we Ihould find 
Mufick at home to charm the mind ! 

* The follov ip.^ paragraph nppcnred in the C.^uh-I^^'fn 
ycu^nal for ylpr I ;c, I7;^ ; and ro r!i»s perhaps Hoya^'b .il- 
Judc^ in jI.c l.K *:r d.n.TTiuns iltcady iiu-n'ii.n' d : *' H15 Roy^l 
•• Hii;■lnc1^ rlu* I'; inco harli !>«:cn pealed to iri'^kc a prvferr of 
•* a fine wrou^h* gold fnnff-S'^x, richly fet wlrh biilii^^nrs and 
•' mSies, in uhich was incU>icd a pair ot brrli.iut diainni'id 
f* knee hiivklc-. n^ nlO* \ puifc of 100 guineas, to the fa:in.>us 


C »^7 3 

Our horaefpun authors mufi: forfake the field. 
And Sbakejpear to the kalian Eunucks yield *. 

Perhaps the original print was tbQ Work of Gra^* 
veloty Vand^r^ucbty or fome j>erfon unknown -{-. The 
idea of it is borrowed from a French book, called 
Les Chats J printed at Amjlcrdaht in 1728. In this 
work, facing p. 117, is reprcfented an opera per- 
formed by cats, fuperbly habited. The defign is by 
Coypeii the engraving by T. Otten. At the end of • 
^hc rreatirc, the opera itfelf is publiflitd. It is im- 
probable that Hbgarth fhould have met with this^^w 
d'e/pri/ ; and, if he did, he could not have read the 
explanation to it. 


I. King Henry the Eighth, and Anna Bullen. 

** Very indfferem.** This plare has very idly been 

imagined to contain the poi traits of Frederick Prince 

of Wales and Mifs Vane % ; but the ftature and faces, 


* Thcfe two Inft lines make pirt of AtUlifrn^i Prologue to 
Ph^dra and Hippolyfus^ rending only *' the I'oh iicarlattiy in- 
ilcad of It alt an EunncLs, 

+ At the hack of an old iuiprcirion of it, in the collection of 
the late lAv. Rogerf, 1 u»cct with the name of Kchcrlany but am 
unacquainted with any fuih dcligucr or engraver; — I have 
lincc been told he can^c over to K.j^/anl to diipole of a num- 
ber of foreign prints, and uas hiM;lc!f no caricaturiil. 
Having drawn an ai gravared likcntfs of nn EngUlh nobleman, 
vihoic figure was peculiarly unhappy, tic was forced to tty in 
confequence of a rcleniment which threatened little ftiort of 

I To the fate of th s lady Dr. John/on has a beautiful allu- 
fion in his Vanity of Human IVtJhes: 

M 4 . *' Yet 

both of the lady and Percy^ are totalljr unlike theli' 
fuppofed originals. Underneath are the following 
verfes by Allan Ram/ay : 

Here ftruis old pious Harry ^ once the great 
Jlcfprmcr of the Englijb church and ftate : * 
'Twas thus he flood, when Anna BulUn^s charms 
^llur'd the amorous monarch to her arms; 
With his right hand he leads her as his own. 
To place this matchlefe beauty on his throne ; 
Whilft Kafe and Piercy mourn their wretched fatCi 
And view the royal pair with equal hate, 
Kcfle<fting on the pomp of glittering crowns. 
And arbitrary power that knows no bounds. 
V^\i\\{iWolfey^ leaning on his throne of ftate. 
Through this. unhappy change forcfces his fate. 
Contemplates wifely upon worldly things. 
The cheat of grandeur, and the faith of kings. 

"Mr. Charlton^ of Canterbury^ has a copy of this 
print, with the following title and verfes : " King 
^* Ucnry VIll. bringing to court Anne Bu/len, who 
** was afterwards his royal CQnfqrt/' Hogarth dejign. 
^ Jculp. 

*' Yet Vanf could tell vrhat ills from beauty fpring, 
•* And Sedliy curs*d the form \\i2X pUni^ d a king,** 

Pcrhiips the thought, that fuggcftcd this couplet, is found i;^ 
lj9vtli?tg*s Poems, a work already quoted : 

I I '■ ncc G^iKynnam vale bat 
Angliaco placutjft rr^i\ 

Mcrfa eft acerbo funcrc fangulnis 
f^tftiella cUri : ncc grave fpiculum 
Averterct fati yiachaon^ 
Ncc madido Frcdtricui ore. 


C i«9 3 

Sec here the great, the daring Harry ftandt. 
Peace, Plenty, Freedom, Ihining in his face. 

With lovely Anna Bullen joining hands, 
Her looks befpeaking ev'ry heavenly grace* 

See Wolfey frowning, difcontent and four, 
Feeling the fuperftitious ^nr^vrf ihake : 

While Henry's driving off the Roman whore. 
For Britain^ s weal, and his Lutberian^s fake, 

Like Britain's Genius our brave King appears, 
Pefpjfing Prieftcraft, Avarice, and pride i 

Nor the loud roar of BabeFs bulls he fears. 
The DagQU faljs before his beauteous bride. 

Like England's Church, all fweetnefs and refignM, 
The comely queen her lord with calmnefs eyes| 

/Vs if Ihe faid. If goodnefs guard your mind. 
You ghoflly tricks and trump Vy may defpifc. 

2, The fame plate without any verfes, but with an 
infcription added in their room« Ramfay feems to 
have been particularly attached to Hogarth. He 
fubfcribed, as I have already obferved, for thirty 
copies of the large Hudibras. 

The original pidlure was at Vauxball, in the por- 
tico of the old great room on the right-hand of the 
entry into the garden. Sec p. 29. 

3. Frontifpiecc to the '* Humours of Oxford,*' a 
comedy by Jfames Miller | a^ed at Drury^Lane, and 
publilhed in 8vo, 1729 *• Pr. Hogarth inv. G. Van^ 

* It met with but moderate fuccefs in the theatre ; but dretr 
on Mr. Mtlle^ the refentment of fomc of the heads of the 
^Ucgcs'mOx/or^fWho looked on themfclves as {atirized in it, 


C no 3 

ierprbt jc. The yjce-clianccllor, attended by his 
bcadic, lur[>rI::ing:^syo Fellows of 'a College, one 
ol ilum much iaroxric^cdy at a ta^vcr.i. 

., . 17:0. 

1. Terfuy and \fe*ufii dead, and Pegi:fiis» Fron- 
tifpiccc ro Pennn and A/.r}yomeda. IV. ft* fee. 

2. Anorlivi" jirifxt to rhc laoic piece, of To feus 
cicfcrr}* -IcLC. ?^'r- ^Va^rol: mentions ornv or.c. 

5. A half-ilirvcd boy. (The fame as is reprc. 
f:r.-:ed i?)- th^- pfJnt" of /liV;;//?^.^ W.H.pmx. F* 
S^^csfr. SyhfS WftS a pupil of TkornhiU or Hzgarib. 
Tbisprint bciirs ihe date of 1730 ; but I fufpect the 
o^aS dcfigncH for 2ri 8, and that the upper part of it is 
wanting, been ufe the aqua fortis failed; or, that the 
pnpil copied the figure from a fkctch of his mailer, 
fvhich at th..t time was ui^nppropriated. No one will 
cafily fufpcft Hogarth of fuch plagiarifm as he might 
joftly be charged with, could he afterwards have 
adopted this complete dcfign as his own ; neither is 
it probable tliat any youth could have produced a 
figure fo charaOcriQic as this ; or, if he could, that 
he ihould have publifhed it without any co^.comitant 
circumftaiices to explain its meaning. The above 
title, which fomc- collector has bellowed on this 
etching, is not of a difcriminativc kind. Who can 
tell from it whether he is to look for a boy emaciated 
by hun;rcr, or fiiivcring v\ith cold ? It is mentioned 
here, o:^.!y that it may be reprobated. If every 
youn;.»; j)r.idicioner's !ii:itation of a fingle figure by were ro be admitted among lis works, they 
wouaI r.'jvcr be complete. 

4. Gulliver 

4« Gulliver prefented to the Queen of Babila y. 
W^ Ha^arth tnv* Ger. Vandergucht fc. •* // is the 

^^ frontifpiece to the Traz^els of Mr. John Gulliver," 
fon of Capt. Lemuel Gulliver, a tranflation from the 
French by, Mr* Loekman. T here is as much merit in 
this print. ?s in the work to which it belongs. 

!• Two frontifpieces to a tranflation of two of 
Moliere^s Iplays, viz. L'Avare * and Le Cocu imaf^i- 
tiaire. Thefe, are part of a fclc(ft coUeftioa of Alo- 
Here's Comedies in French and Englijb. They were 
advertifed in 7he Gruh^ftreet Journal^ with 
*' Monfieur Coy pel ^ Nlr. Hogarth^ Mr. Dandridge^ 
•* "Mt. Hamilton,*' &c. in eight pocket Volumes. 

2. Frontifpiece to *.* The Tragedy of Tragedies, 
" or the Life and Death of Tom Thumh^* in three 
adts-f; by Henry Fielding. W. Hogarth inv.Ger. 
Yandergiicht fc. **. There is feme humour in this print *^ 

3. Frontifpiece to the Opera of T'be Highland Fair^ 
or the Union of the Clans, by Jofcph Mitchell. VV. 
fJcgarth inv. Ger Vandergucht frulp. 

" Forfan ct haec olim meminiflc juvabit." Virg. 

The date of this piece is confirmed by the follow- 
ing paragraph in The Grub jlreet Journal, March 4^ 
1731 : '* We hear from the Theatre-Royal in Drury- 
** lane, that there is now in rehcarfal, and to be pcr- 
*' formed on Tuefday^ March 16, a new ^cots Opcva, 

* Of this one, Mr. .S h eland has the origin \1 draw in;;, 
f This piece had before made iiS ap^)cn: aiiCv in 1730 in one 
a£l only. 

" called 

[ 172 ] 

^ called Tic Highland Fair^ «r Union rf- the Cldns^ 
•* &c." The fubjeft being too local for the EngUJh 
ttaigCj it met with little or no fuccefs. 

l. Sarah Makalm *, executed March 7, 1732, for 


* On Sunday morning, the 4th of FelrMary^ Mn. L^dia 
J)wncomhf^ aged 80, EVzahftb Harrifon^ her companion , aged 
Ao« were found llrangled, zndAnn Pricc^ her maid, aged 17, 
vrith her throat exit, in their beds, at the faid Mrs* Duncomhc^s 
apiartniients in TaufeU-CoMtt in The Temple^ Sarah Malcolm^ a 
chare -womnn, was apprehended the fame evening on the infor- 
mation of Mr. KcrroU who had chambers on the fame flair- 
enie, and had found fome bloody linen under his bed, and a 
fiver tankard in his clofe-dool, which (he had hid there. She 
made a pretended confeiTion, and gave information againfl 
^b§mas AUxando'^ Jamn Alexander^ and Mary Tracty^ that they 
committed the murder and robber}*, and die only flood on the 
Ibirs at a watch ; that thfv took away three hundred pounds 
and fome valuable goods, of which (be had not more than her 
ihare ; but the coroner's inqueft gave their verdift HV/nlMur* 
/^ againft (t^/r^/Mr only.-*-On the 23d her trial came on at 
7hf Old Bailry : when it appeared that Mrs. Buneomhe had but 
^4 /. in her box, and 53 /. 1 1 j. 6 ^. of it were fourd u|K)n MaU 
colm betwixt her cap and hair. She owned her being con- 
cerned in the robbery, but denied (he knew any thing oi the 
murder till (lie went in with other company to fee the dc- 
ceafed. The jury found her guilty of both. She was irrongly 
fufpcc^cd to have been concerned in the mr.rder of Mr. Ncjbit 
jn 1/^9, near Drury Ukc, tor which one KcUy, alias Chven^ 
was hanged ; the grounds for his conviction being only a 
Moody razor found under the munlcred man's head that was 
known to be his. Hut he denied to the laft his being concerned 
in the murder ; and laid, in his defence, he lent the razor to 
a woman he did not know. — On U'ednfjtfay^ Manh 7, (lie was 
executed on a gibbet oppofite Mifre-ccrtrt^ Flcet-Jittct^ where 
flic crowd was fo great, that a Mrs. Sfrangivays^ who lived in 
J^.i'fi'firtet^ near ^cr'Ctini^^'LtK^ crolTcd the llrccf, from her 
gwp hoi^l'w to Mrs» Ci.kl:iurft\ on ihc oppotite dde of the way, 


t: m 1 

i^urderingMrs.Ljri/j Dunconibe her miOixtCs^Elizabeih 
Harrtfon^ and Anne Price ; drawn in Newgate. W. 
Hogarth (ad vivum) pinxit ii fculpfit *. Some copies 
are dated 1733, and have only Hogarth finx. She 
was about twenty-five years of agef. «* This woman 
*' put on red to fit to him for her pi&ure two days before ' 
" her execution J." Mr. Walpole paid Hogarth five 
guineas for the original. Profeflbr Martyn difle^bcd 
this notorious murderefs^ and afterwards prefented 

over the heads and (boulders of the mob. She went to exc* 
cution neatly drelTed in a crape mouroing go^f n, holding up 
her head in the cart with an air, and looking as if flic was 
painted, which fomc did not fcruple to affirm. Her corpfe 
was carried to an undertaker's upon Sno^M-hllly where multi« 
tudes of people reforted, and gave money to (ec it ; among 
the reft a gentleman in deep mourning, who kilTed her, and 
gave the people half a crown. She was attended by the Rev. 
Ur. Fedlngton^ lecturer of ^/. Bartholomew the Great, leenoed 
penitent, and defired to fee her mailer Kerroli but, as (lie did 
not, protefted all acculatioos againd him were falle. During 
her imprifonment flie received a letter from her father at 
Dublin^ who was in too bad circum (lances to fend her fuch a 
fum as 17/. which flie pretended he did. The night before , 
hex execution, flie delivered a paper to Mr. Pedlngton (the copy 
of which he fold for 20/.), of which the fubftance is printed in 
The Gentleman* s Mai^azine^ '7S3> ?• '37* She had given muck 
the fame account before, at her trial, in a long and fluent 

* The words " ts^ fculpjit** are wanting in the copies, lix 
the three lafl of them the figure nllb is rcvcrfed. 

f ** This woman," faid Hogarth, after he had drawn Sara^ 
MaUolm^ '* by her features, is capable of any wickedncfs." 

X ** Monday Sarah Malcolm fat for her pidure in Newjnte^ 
•* which was taken by the ingenious Mr. Hcgarth: Sir James 
** Thornhid was likcwife prefcnt." Craft/man^ SaturJaj^ Mufih 
xo, 1732-3. 


C i74 ] 

her fkeleton, in a glafs cafe, to the Botanic Garden 
at Cambridge^ where it dill remains. 

2. An engraved copy of ditto. 

3. Ditto, mezzotinro. 

4. Ditto, part graven, part mezzotinto. 

1 he knife with which Ihe committed the murder 
is lying by her. 

5. Another copy of this portrait * (of which only 
the firft was engraved by Ho^^nrtb), with the addi- 
tion of a clergyman holding a ring in his hand, and 
a motto, ** No rccompcncc but Love +.'* 

In 'The Grub-ftrtet Journal of "-[burfdaxy March 8, 
1732, appeared the following epigram : 

** To Malcolm Guthrie'^ erics, confcfs the murther ; 

The truth dilcl'jfk*, and trouble me no further. 

Think on both worlds ; the pain that thou muft bear 

In tliat, and whur a load of Icandal here. 

ConU'fs, confefs, and you'll avoid it all : 

Your boilv Iha'n't be hack'd at Surzfons ILdl : 

Ko i>ftr>'/i)r t liack fliall dare to ufe your ghoft ill,- 

y/i'-M' fl^all read uj>on your pofl a poflilc; 

II y\:}fh your chauns tranfmlt to future limc^, 

Aik! t .7 // ricord ymir lii'e iii profe and rliimcs. 

Sjf.i/' ir'dles, thefe ariniments mi"ht do 
From ILgiinh^ ( iir//, and Ihnlyy drawn by you, 

•> A r o pv < ^ f i t in w f >o (! \ij 5 i n (c r t cd in 71c C entice:., ;;'j 3-i*Ir • 

•f Thi« I'liiK vv.i> (IdiKHcJ. as a frontifp:crc to rbr paxphlct 
ad^i-tMUil III //«' //"fii/v M .."./'..viv. I>cc J.c jic.\: pj^-- 


Vftti I condemned at Padingfon to ride i 

But now from FleeUfireet Ptdington\ my guide** 

The office of this Pedington * may be known from 
the following advertifemcnt in The Weekly Mifcellaxy^ 

N^37- ^Hfi ^5* 1733- " This day is publifhcd^ 
** Price Six-pence, (on occafion of the Re-commit* 
** ment of the two Alexanders^ with a very neat 
***' effigies of Sarah Malcolm and her Revere^/d Con- 
^^fejfor, both taken from the l.ife) The Friendly 
•* Apparition : Being an account of the mod fur- 
** prlling appearance of Safaf:^ Makolm^s Ghoft to a 
*^ great aflembly of her acquaintance at a noted *6ir.- 
'** ftiop ; together with the remarkable fpeech flic 
*^ then made to the whole companv." 

7. The Man of Taste. The Gate of Btnli:vtoH^ 
boufe. Pope whitc-vvafning ir, and berpattcring ihc 
Duke of Cha?idoi*s coach^ ** A futirj on Vo^yc's 
** Epijlle on Ta[le. No name.*' It has been already 
obferved that the plate was fupprcflcd ; and if thifr 
be true, the fuppreflion may be accounted for from 
the following inlcription, lately met with at the back- 
of one of the copies^ 

^' Bo* this book of Mr. Waytc^ at The Founicin 
** Tdvcrtiy in The Straiid^ in the prefcncc ot Wiu 
** Draper^ who told me he had ic of the Printer, 
*^ Ux. W. Rayner^. J. Ctfins^' 


♦ Ml". Vidlfi^ton died September 18, i734« He is fuppoi'ed 
fo have made lome amorous oxcrtiircs to ^arah 

t /?<7y;/^r was at that time already under profecution fcr 
^ f ul^iiAija^ a pamphlet called, '* Rohini Gaii^e, or S":;ven\ 

C »76 ] 

On this attefted memorandum a profecution (cctni 
meant to have been founded. Cofins was an attorney^ 
and Pof^ was defirous on all oceafions to make the 
law the engine of his revenge. 
. ^. The fame, in a (mailer iize ; prefixed to a 
(iamphlet^ intituled, " A Mifcellany of Tafte, by 
•* Mr. Popt^^ &c. containing his Epiftlcs, with 
Notes and other poems. In the former of thefe Mr. 
Pope has a tie*wig on^ in the latter a cap. 

8. Tlie fame, in a fize ftill fmaller •, very coarfely 
engraved. Only one of them is noted by Mr. WalpoU. 
A reader of thefe Anecdotes obferves, " That the 
•' total filcnce of Pope concerning fo great an artift^ 
'* encourages a fufpicion that his attacks were felt 
•* though not refented. The thunders of the poet 
•* were ufually pointed at inglorious advcrfaries j 
*' but he might be confclous of a more equal match 
*• in our formidable caricaturift. All ranks of peo- 
*^ pie have eyes for pencil'd ridicule, but 6f writtcir 
•* fatire we have fewer judges. It may be fufpcftcd, 
that the * pidtured fliapc' would never have 
been complained of, had it been produced only 
by a bungler in his art. But from the powers 6( 
Hogartby Pope fecms to have apprehended more 
lafling inconvenience ; and the event has juflificd 
his fear. The froiitifpiecc to Smedlcy^s GulU- 
«< vcriana has been long forgotten ; but the Gate of 

«• the Main.** Negle^uking tofuncndcr himfclF, he was rakcu 
bv a writ of execution from the crv)un. and confined to the 
A'iV^'i BfHt^h ; where he became cooncvtcd with Lady DUih^ 
whole charadcr was of eqwd iafamy with his owo. 

X •♦ BurUt!gtM 



[ 177 3 

" Turlington houfe is an objeft coveted by all who 
" aflcmbic prints of humour.-^It may be added, 
** that our painter's reputation was at the height 
" ten years before the death of Popiy who could 
** not therefore have overlooked his merit, though, 
** for fome reafon or other, he has forborne to intro- 
** duce the llighteft allufioa to him or his perfor- 
*' mances. Yet thefe, or copies from them, were 
" to be met with in almofl every public and private 
*^ houfe throughout the kingdom ; nor was it eafy 
" for the bard of Twickenham to have mixed in 
** the converfation of the times, without being ob- 
*^ liged to hear repeated praifes of the author of 
" The Harlot's Progrefs:' 

The flieet containing this page having been ihewn 
to a friend, produced from him the following re- 
mark : ** That Pope was filent on the merits of 
•^ Hogarib (as ohe of your readers has obferved) 
** fliould excite little aftonilhment, as our artift's 
print on the South S^/? exhibits the tranflator of 
Homer in no very flattering point of view. He is 
reprefented with one of his hands in the pocket, of 
a fat perfonage, who wears a hornbook at his gir- 
** die. For whom this figure was defigned, is doubt- 
'' ful. Perhaps it was meant for Gay, who was a fat 
•* man, and a lofcr in the fame fcheme/' — " Gay,* 
fays Dr. Johnfoiij- " in that difaftrous year had a 
** prefent from young Craggs of fome South-fea ftock, 
" and once fuppofcd himfelf to be mafter of twenty- 
*^ thoufand pounds. His friends perfuaded him to 

N " fell 

C "78 1 

<' fell bis ihare ; but he dreamed of digmty and 
^ fpleodour^ and could not bear to obfiruA bis owi> 
^* fortune* He was then impomioed to fell as much 
^ as would purchafe an hundred a year for life, 
^^ which, (ays Fenian, will make you fure of a clean 
^* ihirt and a Ihoulder of mutton every day. This 
*^ counfel was reje&ed ; the profit' and principal 
^' were loft, and Gay funk under the calamity fo low 
*' that his life became in danger. — The Hornbook 
^' appended to his girdle, perhaps^ refers to the Fables 
^^ he wrote for the Duke of Cumberland. Some of 
** your ingenious correfpcxidents, or Mr. Walpole^ 
*' who is infiar cmnium, may be able to give a fur* 
*^ ther illuftration. The conclufion to the infcription 
** under this plate— Gi/0 ai the rtfi^ ym*Ufind out 
^f more — feems alfo to imply a confcioufneis of fuch 
*^ perfonal fatire as it was not prudent to explain* I 
^* may add, that the print before us exhibits more 
•* than one figure copied from C allot. Among the 
*^ people going along the gallery to raffle for hufbands, 
the cujious obferver will recognize the Old Maid 
with lappets flying, &c» afterwards introduced into 
** the fccne of Morning. Dr. John/on^ however, bears 
** witnefs to the propriety of our great poet's intro- 
•* dudion into a fatirQ.on the * difaflrous,year of na- 
** tional infatuation, whf n more riches than Peru 
*^ can boaft were expeded from the So^itb Sea ; when 
•* the contagion of avarice tainted every mind ; and 
** Pope, being feized with the univerfal paffion, ven- 
^* tured fome of his money. The flock rofc m its 

" pricey 




[ m ] 

*' price ; afld lie for a white thought himfelf Tl5^ L(?r^ 
ofTBo&fands.^ But this dtCam of happinefs did not 
laft long; and he feems to have waked foo'n enough 
to get clear with the Idfs only of what he once 
*^ thought himfelf to have won, arid peifhaps ndt 
•^ wholly that/' 

It appears from Pope's corfefponderice with Atter^ 
iury^ that the (lock he had was at ohe time valued at 
between twenty and thirty thoufand pounds; and that 
he was one of the lucky few who had ** the good: 
" fortune to remain with half of what they imagined 
" they had.'* — ^* Had you got all you have loft be^ 
" yond what you ventured/' faid the good Bilhop 
in reply, ^' confider that your fuperfluous gains 
^* would have fprung from the ruin of feveral fami* 
" lies that now want neceflaries *♦" 

I. The Laughing Audience. *^ I733» Rec*** 

**' DecK 1 8 of the Right Honn^< Lord Bh on Half a 

f^ Guinea being the firft Payment for nine Prints 8 

** of which RepVcfent a Rakes Progrcfs and the 9*^ 

" a Fair, Which I promife to Deliver at Michael- 

•* maft Next on Receiving one Guinea more. Note 

** the Fair will be Delivered next Chri^mafs at Sight 

•* of this receip*. the Prints of the Rake*. Progrefs 

•* alone will be 2 Guineas each fet after the Sub* 

*' fcription is over/' 

The words printed in Italicks are in the hand** 

writing of Hogarih* 

* Letters to and from pifliop Attirlmfy^ i?^^) vol. I. p. 71* 

N a 2. Th€ 

C i8o ] 

a.. The Fair * [at Soutbwarky Invented^ painted . 
Md engraved by W. Htigartb. The fhow-cloth^ rcprc- 
fenting the Stage Mutiny, is taken from a large etch- 
ing by John Laguerre (fon of Louis Laguerre, the 
hifiorical painter), who fung at LincoMs-Inn Fields 
and Covent^arden Theatres, painted fome of their 
fcenes, and died in 1748. The St age- Mutineers^ or A 
Playhoufe to bt let^ a tragi-comi farcical-ballad-opera» 
vrhich was publifhed in 17331 will throw fdme 
light on the figures here reprcfented by Hcgartb. See 
alfo the Supplement to Dodfiefs Preface to his Co!- 
leAion of Old Plays, and the ** Biographia Drama- 
•* tica, 178J." 

It is remarkable that, in our artifl^s copy of this 
etchings he has added a paint-pot and bruflies at 
the feet of the athletic figure witb a cudgel in bis 
handy who appears on the fide of Higbmore -j-. From 


* In the Craftfroan, 1733, wat thit advertifment ; •* Mr. 
•* Hogsnh being now engraving nine copper-plates from pic- 
•* turc* of his own painting, one of which rcprefcnts the Hu- 
•* mourt of a Fair, the other eight the Progrcfs of a Rake, 
•* intends to publifh the prints by fublcription, on the follo'w- 
** ing terms : each fubfcription to be one guinea and a half : 
•• half-a-gninca to be paid at the time of fubfcribing, for 
•* which a receipt will be given on a ncw-etched print, and 
** the other payment of one guinea on delivery of all the prints 
•* when finilhed, which will be with all convenient fpecd, and 
•* the time publicly advertifed. The Fair, being already fi- 
«« niihed, will be delivered at the lime of fnhrcribing. Sub- 
*« fcriptions will be taken in at Mr. Hi^garth^s, the CMen 
«« Hrad^ in JMceficr Fields, where the pictures arc to be fccn.'* 

f H'^l'mort was originally a man of fortune ; but injitc's 
j;aming houfe, and the patent of Drury-Lane theatre, com- 
pletely exhauftedhls finances. Having proved himfelf an ur* 


C i8i 3 

thefe circumftances it is evident that yabn Ellis the 
painter (a pupil of Sir James Tbornbill, a great fre- 
cjuenter of Brougblon^s gymnafium, the ftages of 
other prize-fighters, &c.) was the perfon defigned. 
Ellis was deputy. manager for Mrs. Wilks^ and took up 
the cudgels alfo for the new patentee. Mr. fPalpole 
obfervcs that Ryjbrackj when he produced that 
exquifite fummary of his fkill, knowledge, and 
judgment,** the Hercules now in Mr. Hearers Tem- 
ple at Stourbeady modelled the legs of the God from 
thofe of Ellis. This (latue was compiled from the 
various limbs and parts of feven or eight of the 
ftrongeft and beft-made men in London^ chiefly the 
bruifers/&c. of the then famous amphitheatre in 
Tottenham Court road. 

In Banks* s Works, vol. I. p. 97. is a Poetical 
Epiftle on this print, which alludes to the difputes 
between the managers of Drury-Lane^ and fuch of 
the adtors as were fpirited up to rebellion by 7^^- 
pbilus Cibbery and feqeded to The Haymarket in 1733. 
Giber is reprefented under the character of Pijlol * ; 


fucccfsful a^tor as well as manager, in 1743 he piiblifhcd 
Dettifigefty a poem which would have difgraccd a Bell-inan. 
In 1744 he appeared again in the character of J^thario^ for 
the benefit of Mrs. i/^r/tf«. From this period his hiilory is 
unknown, \i Hogartljs rcprcfentation of him, in the print en- 
titled The Difconfery^ was a juft one, he had no external requi- 
iites for the llage. 

* In a two-fhilling pamphlet, printed for J. Mcchell at The 
Kin£i Arms in Fleet'Jlreetj 1740, entitled " An Apology for the 
** life of Mr. T C—*-, comedian ; bein;;a proper fequel 

^ 10 the apology for the life of Mr. Colkj Cibber^ comedian ; 

N 3 M with 

[ »8» ] 

Harper under that of Faljicff. The figure in thf 
corner was dcfigncd for Collty Cibbir the Laurcat, 
who had jufl fold h\% fhare in the phy-houfe to Mr. 
Htghmorcj who is rcprcfented holding a fcroll, on 
which is written '* it coft j^.6ocp.*' A monkey is 

•• with a view of the ft»^e to the prf fent year ; fup- 
*^ pofed to be written by himlclf in the llile and maciner of 
*' the Poet Laurcat/' but in icdiry the work o\ Hmrry Fltld^ 
ing ; the following pniTigef, ilhiftrative of our iubjetl, occnr. 
** In that year when the (bge fell into ^reax comnaotions, 
•' and the Drury ham coo^pany, afk-rtingthe glorious caufc of 
*• liberty and property, made a ftand againfl the opprtfTionj 
•' in the patentees — in that mennorahle year when ihc Thca- 
'/* trie Doniiabns fell in labour of a ret'oUitioo under the con? 
** dud of fryfclf, that revolt g^ve occafion to feveral pieces of 
*' Mit and latiricsl flirts nt theconduftorof the cnterprize. I 
** was attacked y as roy father had been be lore nic, in the 
*' public papers and journals ; and the burlefque charader of 
z*' rijiel was attributed to nne as a real one. Out came a 
•* Print of Jmck I^gnerrt^i^ reprefenting, in mod viic defign- 
^^ ingy this expedition of our*, under the name of ^ht S/age 
«• Mutiny ; in which, gentle reader, your humhltfemfant^ in the 
•* P/^/»/ rharadter, was the principal figure. This 1 laighed 
•* at, knowing it only a proper embeHifhnicnt for one of 
*' ih^ifc ncctfl«*r)' lliLclurc^ lovvhith perlcns o-jt of nccellity 
•* rcpnir." p. i6,&:c — Aj;.T:r., p. 88. — ** At rlic Fair oi Bar* 
•• thc^mf^K\ we gained lome recruits ; but, beQdes thole ad- 
•* vanr^'^es ovtr the ciicnry, 1 lu) lei f went there in perion, 
*' and p\ibiitV!y /-^/'vr// niy^lf. This ^ms dene to fling dc- 
•* fiance in tlie rmcnttc's teeth ; for, on the booth where I 
*• exhibited, 1 hurg oat 7Zy Etoge Mtithj^ wi'h Pfiol^x the 
♦* head of hi* lioop, our Aandard bearing ibis n"io:«o, — M't 
«• rtf/.** — Whether this account which dt^^fr is made to give 
of his own conduct is entirely jixruhr, or conLiins a mix- 
ture of ti;:ih in ir^ cannot now be afcertained. Hfgarth 
jnight hive irinipl-Miit d a (.ircini.llancc tTom Barthahmrzo to 
Sfikt/.Kvajk F-'ir ; or F.fhru^^ by defi^n, n.ny have ir.iircprc* 
fen ted the matier^ alii.ding at the irrue time to ih^ard^t 


t i83 D 


czhibked fitting aftride the iron that fupports thtf 
fign of T^be Rofty a well-known tavern. A label 
ifluing from his mouth contains the words : *' I am 
** a gentleman */* Tbe Siege of ^roy^ upon another 
fliow-cloth, was a celebrated droll, compofed by 
^Elkanah Settle , and printed in 1707 ; it was a great 
favourite at fairs. A booth was built in Smit/jfie/d 
this year for the ufe of T. Cibbery Griffirty Bullock^ and 
H. HaUam; at v/hich the Tragedy of Tamerlane^ with 
^be Fall of Bajazet, intermixed with the Comedy of 
The Mifiry was aftually reprcfented. The figure 
vaulting on the rope was deiighed for Signor Vitn 
lante^ who fignalized himfelf in the reign of Gif^. I. ; 
and the tall man exhibited on a Ihow-cloth, was 
Maximilian, a giant from Upper Saxcny. The man 
flying froip the fteeple was one Cddman, who, within 
the recolleftion of fome perfons now living, defcend- 
ed in the manner here defcribed from the fteeple of 
5/. Martinis into The Mews. He broke his neck foon 
after, in an experiment of the like kind, at Sbrewjbury, 
and lies buried there in the churchyard of St. Mary 
Friars, with the following infcription on a little tablet 
inferted in the church-wall juft over his grave -f*. 


* Mr. Viflor^ fpcaking of this tranfac^ion, obfcrvcs, that 
•' the general obfcn'ation was, what bufincfs had a gejitlernan 
** to make the purchafe ?" 

+ In ^je Gentleman's Magazine iov 1740, p. 89, is no baj 
copy of verfes ** On the death of the famous Flyer on the Rope 
^t Shrc^Jimry, It is therefore here inferted. 

Magnis tamen excidit aujis. 
Fond Icarus of old, with ra(h eflay, 
In air attempted a forbidden way ; 

N 4 Too 

C 184 ] 

The lines are contemptible, but yet fcrvc to particu-» 
larize the accident that occafioncd his death. 


Too thin the medium for fo cumbVous freight, 

'I'oo weak the plumngc to fuppoit the- weight. 

Yet Icfa he dar'd who fonr'd on waxen ^^»^gt 

Than he who mounts to aether on a iliing. 

Juft as A-itchjie^ when tiic buzzing prey 

Entangled flutter, and would wing away. 

From watchful ambulcade infidious fpring^, 

And to a (lender twine, afccnding, clings. 

So on nis rope, th' adventVcr on high. 

Bounds oVr cathednl heights, and feeks the Iky : 

Fix but his cable, and he'll fell you foon, 

What fort of natives cultivate the moon. 

An army of fuch wighrs to crofs the main. 

Sooner than Haddock* t fleet, flu>u*d humble Spain. 

As warring cranes on pigmies thnndVing fall. 

And, without foiling ladders, mount the wall, 

The proudeO fpire in Saiop^s lofty town 

Safely he gains, and glides as fat'cly down ; 

Then foars again aloft, and downward fprings, 

Sv.*ift as an eagle, without aid of wings ; 

Shews anii^ks, hangs fnfpcndcd by his toe ; 

l^ndizzled, vietn th' inverted ch^ifm below, 

jnvitcs wiih I'cat of drum brave volunticrs, '\ 

Defies Jack Spaniard^ nor invafion fcirs, ^ 

J^nd when tl.ry will, they ne'er cou'd hurt his cars. ^ 

Methink I fee as yet his tiowlng hair 

And body, darting like a falling liar : 

Sv.if:cr ihvin what " wiih fins or feathers fly 

Tliio* the aerial or the watVy iky. 

Once more he dares to brave the pathlcfs way, 

Fare now p\irfuing, like a bird of prey ; 

And, conict-likc, he makes his (atell tour, 

In air exccntnc (oU ! ill-omcn'd hour !) 

Bar'd in his fliirt to plcafe the gizinj; crowd. 

He little dreamt, poor foul ! ot winding fluoud ! 

ICothint; could aught avail but hmbs ot biats. 

When ground was iron, and the Hen^trn glafs. 


■ ♦ 

C 185 3 

Let this fmall monument record the name 
Of Cadman^ and to future times proclaim 
How, by an attempt to fly from this high fpirc 
Acrofs the Sabrine ftream, he did acquire 
His fatal end. *T\vas not for want of fkill. 
Or courage, to perform the taik, he fell : 
No, no, — a faulty cord, being drawn too tight, 
Hurry'd his foul on high to take her flight, 
Which bid the body here beneath, good night. 

A prelate being aiked permiffion for a line to be 
fixed to the fteeple of a cathedral church,- for this 
daring adventurer, replied, the man might fly to the 
church whenever he plcafed, but he fliou Id never 
give his confent to any one's flying from lU It feems 

As quick as lightning down his line he ikimo. 

Secure in equal poize of agile limbs. 

But fee the trufted cordage faithlcfs prove !. 

Headlong he falls, and leaves his foul above : 

The gazing town was Ihock'd at the rebound 

Of fhatter*d bones, that rattled on the ground ; 

The broken cord rolls on in various turns. 

Smokes in the whirl, and as it runs it burns. 

So when the wriggling fnake is fnatch'd on high 

3n eaglets claws, and hides in the iky, 

Around the foe his twirling tail he flings, 

And twifts her legs, and writhes about her wings. 

Cadman laid low, ye rafli, behold and fear, 

Man is a reptile, and the ground his fphcre. 

Unhappy man ! thy end lamented bc; 

Nought but thy own ill fate fo fwift :.s thee. 

Were metamorphofes permitted now, 

And tuneful Ov/V/liv*d to tell us how ; 

His apter Mufc (hou'd turn thee to a daw. 

Nigh to the fatal fleeple ftill to kaw ; 

Perch on the cock, and neille on the ball, 

In ropes no more confide^ and never fall. /• A* 



tbat fomt exhibitor of tbc ^lidc kind met wr.h 
a fimilar inbibitioo here in Lsmchn. I learn from 
M^'i Journal for July 8, 1727, that a fixpcnnr 
pamphlet, intituled, ** Tbc Devil to pay at St. 
** jaf^s'i. &c *." was publifhed 00 thb occafion. 
Again 9 in Tcf Wcfkiy Mjcflloiff for Jtril 17, 1736. 
•' iTrcnuJs iiidmanj the famous Flrer, who has flo-vii 
- ** from fcveral of the higheft precipices in England^ 
'* and was the pcrfon that flew oflf Brombam fteeple 
^* in IViUfikre when it fell down, flew, 00 Monday 
lafly from the higheft of the rocks near The Hot- 
Weil at Drift al^ with fire-works and piftols ; after 
^' which he went up the rope, and performed feveral 
^^ furprifing dexterities on it, in fi^t of thoufands of 

* 5uppoicd to have been written by Dr. Arhrthncu acd as 
fuch prelierved in the Colle&ion of hb Works. The full tide 
IS, ** The Devil to pay ^tSi. Jame^t: or, a full and true Ac- 
** count of .1 ritcft liorrid aod bloody Battle between Madam 
** Fuujllna at;'! .Xfadam Ctrszoni. Alfo of a hot Skirmiih be* 
•* f.vccr- rsignor Ji(fchi arti Signor Palmfrini^ Moreo\'cr, how 
** ^ffufino has t^kcn Snuif, is going to leave the Opera, and 
♦• iln'^s Pfalms at H^nU/s Omtcry. Alfo about the Flying 
•* Man, and how the Doctor of 5/. Martinis has very un- 
'* kindly taken the Scaffold, and diiappointed a World 
*' of good Company. As alfo bow a certain Great Lady is 
** grne mad for the Love of fflUi&m Cihfon^ the Quaker. And 
•* hrw tl'e h T:d Jlry is coxne to Life again, and has got a Dairy 
*♦ Maid with Child. AKo about the great Mourning, and 
** the Fafliion<4, ?nd the Alterations, and what not. With 
•• other marc rial Occurrences, too many to infert." 

In this pamphlet our artift is incidentally mentioned, but 
in fuch a manner as (hews that he had attained ibme celebrity 
fo early as 1727* Speaking of fomc Ui/ifM/ian fwiae, fuppofed 
to bz in the poffclF.on of Dean 5uv//, Dr. Arhitthn^t adds, 
*^ But Hff^arti the b'ngraver is making a print after them, 
** which will give a julter idea of them than 1 can." 

3 " fpcdators. 

C «87 3 

*• fpedatorE, both from Somerfetfiire and Gloncejhr^ 
^^ JhireJ^ In this print alfo is a portrait which has been 
taken for that of Dr. Rock^ but was nK>re probabl)r 
meant for another Quack^ whoufed to draw a crowd 
round him by fceming to eat fire, which, having his 
checks puffed up with tow, he blew out of his 
mouth *. Som^ other particulars are explained in 
the notes to the poetical epiftle already n^ntioned. 

3, Judith and Holof ernes. •* Per vulnera fervor, 
** moitc tua vivens/' W. Hfigarth inv. Ger. VanMr-^ 
guel>tji: A frontifpiecc to the Oratorio (^ Juditb.^^ 
Our heroinfi^ ii^ftead of holding the fword by ks 
handle, ^rafps it by its edge, in fuch a manner 
ds ihould feem to have endangered her fingers. 
(Judith was an Oratorio by William Hug^inSj Efq. fct 
to mufick by William Dt Fefch +, late Chapel-mafter 
of the cathedral church of Antwerp. This piece was 
performed with fcenes and other decorations, but 
met with no fuccefs. It was publiflicd in 8vo, 1733.) 

f Perhaps he was only a iirc-catcr. 

f Wiluam Defifch^ a German^ and fome time chapel-mafter at 
Jlniwerp^ was in kit tiiue a rei'pedable profeiTor on the vioHn^ 
and leader of the band for feveral feafons at Maryhone-g^Jtns. 
His head was engraved as a frontiipiece to fome mufical coni« 
pofitions publifhed bj him ; and his name is to be found on 
many foogt and ballads to which he fet the ti:nes for f^attxhall 
and MaryhMe»gard$ms. He died, foon after the year 1750, 
at the age of 70. 

The following lines were written under a pidurc oi Defcfch^ 
pain ted by Soldi^ 1791. 

Thou honor^il verfe, and verfe mnfl lend her wing. 

To honor .thee, the pricft of Phoebus' quire, 

'That tw^Jt her bappieft lines in hymn or fong. MitToK* 

Defefch was the patriotic Mr. llollis^s mutic«ma{ter. 

— The 

•- The origital ptet of tir froniifpscce h In the 
mfiEffioG otf Dr. -MfHTiimvi TKs drfirn lias Hrur 
ciHj^c^ri yrz if hi* fumilbed oiirr mgixTrrs w5ib 
foA i%":^* UQdrnTclr>t:d ftrtcbe* £f be iin:ft-f is 

wandrr ::' rr nirrv cccsfiocs. kif ufb*] •cliErant-nfJ?:-* 
ftiCR3i3 riipr our ootocc, Wbc<:Tcr iJiidi-niirf :? 
]^»rn>3 fi-rmJ of iis tapDMiflwd dri 'wirjgjiy -wiij bt 
frd^ccf io*i«- Tkrcfffirv of xnTtasik^ idotc lii:: r*:- 
ims itfclf for :Tnha!30cu 

^ Scj? ppc ^' mg at Narnrf, •* 7hr hr'r'TTTTrz- 

i-Si, £Dd 2s w tc ijid It its. Hizsnsj bi 

ii" i':r:«f:-: •.» mi.-:. »trz m'.j % Zin'-zC cue" cc iJ/y-xrv/ . 

C 189 ] 

** de vicllard (fays Rouquei) eft d'apres nature ; cVfi- 
** le portrait d'un officier tres riche, fameux clans ce 
*^ tems-ljk pour de pareilles expeditions, grand fe- 
^* dufteur de campagnardes, et qui avoit toujours a 
** fes gages des femmes de la profeflion de celle 
^* qui cajole ici la nouvelle debarquee/' Behind him 
is John Gourlqy a Pimp, \yhom he always kept about 
his perfon. The ucxt figure that attradts our notice, 
is that of Mother Needham. To prove this woman 
was fufficiently notorious to have deferved the fatire 
of Hogarthj the following paragraphs in T^be Grub^ 
Jireet Journal are fufficient. 

March z^f I73i« " The noted Mother AV^</i6/7;;i 
" was yefterday committed to "The Gatehoufe by 
" Jufticc Railton:' 

Ibid, " Yefterday, at the quarter-feflions for the 
*' city and liberties of fVeJiminJler^ the infamous Mo- 
" ther Needham, who has been reported to have been 

" figns,) The I.ftrc of Fenus ; or a Harlot's Progrcfs. An 
** heroi^comical Poem, in fix Cantos, by Mr. Jofefh Gay. 

•* To Mr. Jofeph Gay. 
" Sir, 

** It has heen well obferved, that a great and juft objection 
** to the Genius of Painters is their want of invention ; from 
** whence proceeds fo many different deligns 6r draughts on 
** the fame hiftoryor fable. Few have ventured to touch upon 
** a new ftory ; but ftili fewer have invented both the f^ury 
*' and the execution, as the ingenious Mr. Hojrarth has done, 
•• in his fix prints of a Harlot*s Progrcfi\ and, without a com- 
•' pliment, Sir, your admirable Cantos are a true key and 
*' lively explanation of the painter's hieroglyphicks. 

•* I am, Sir, yours, &c. A. Phillips.'* 

This letter, afcribed to Amhrofc Phillips^ was in all prubabi- 
Iity a forgery, like the name of Jcfcph dty, 

" dead 

I «fo 3 

^ dad for fine time, fo icreen Im* from fereni 
« prafiecuciom, tvai brought from fTi^e GmieBenfe^ and 
^ pleidcd not guilty to an lodiAmfnt found agiinil 
^ her for kcepiog a Irwd and <fiibrderly boufe ; bur, 
** for want of furcties, was remanded back to 
*• pnion* 

Ibid. JfriJ t% 17;!. " On Saimr^ aitdcd tht 
*^ quaner-feffioQS for ff^^mmirr^ &c. The xxyted 
<* ^lother Nndham^ coovided for keeping a diibr- 
*« derly houf? in Pjri Pi^yr/-, 5/. Jeme^\ was finfd 
" One ShiiJing, to ftand t ;vicc :n the pii!onr, atid find 
*• furcties for her good behaviour for thrp^ years,'* 

Ibid. Af«7 6, 1731. " Tcflcrday the noted Mo- 
^ tbcr Kmdtmm flood in the pUory in Park Phct^ 
•* near 5/. jj^iii-Jirti:^ and was roogh!y handled 
* by the popuixe. She was fo very ill that ihe lay 
^ along, oocwitbitanding which Ihe was fo ferertiy 
^ fcc that it is thoue^it Ibe will die in a ^x^ cr 
" twoi** — Acoicrr accc-cr iiys-^" ihc lay along on 
" her face rz the p^iiory, aod fo evaded the kv* 
•* wb*;ca requires :rit rer face iboi:2d be cxpoKd/' 
— " Yederday njwnisg d'ec ^{ocbe^ AVrii^js. Sie 
«* drclirrf in ber laii words *, tbat what moft a£edrd 
•* brr Wis :i:e terror of Carsiirs in the piijorT ro- 
** a&;>rrrw 5z .Vftr f£ls.:^^jsri^ iivriv* been fo ur- 
" rri: i:\u2v uiei br the populace oc JTr^ijrr.'' 

Trc rr.^-r.or* of :bas wocaUi is thus peqiccuated 

C *9i ] 

*^ To[Nefdjbam^s quick the voice triumphal rode, 
*^ But pious Ncedham dropt the name of God." 
The note on this paflage fays^ ibe was '^ a matron 
** of great fame, and very religious in her way ; 
** whofe conftanjt prayer it was, that fhe might * get 
** enough by her profeffion to leave i$ off in tinie^ 
" ajid.make her peace with God *.* But her fate wa« 
" not fo. happy ; for being convidted, and fet in. the 
*^ pillory^ ihe was (to the lading ihame of all her 
" great Friends and Votaries) fo ill ufcd by the po* • 
*^ pulace, that it put an end to her days.'* 

Rouquet has a whimfical remark, relative to xhm 
clergyman juft arrived in Lonim, " Cet ccclefiaftiquc 
** monte fur un cheval blanc, comme ils afferent id 
" de Vetu^ — The variations in this plate are ; (hade 
thrown by one houfe upon another ; London added os 
the letter the parfoti is reading; change in one cor- 
ner of the fore^ground ; the face of the Bawd much 
altered for the worfc, and her foot introduced. 
. Plate IL ^in compared Garrick in Othello to the 
black boy with the tearkcttle ty ^ circumftance that 


* Itfecmsagreed on by our comic-writers, not tofinifh rhe 
chara^rofa Bawd without giving her louic pretence to Reli- 
gion. In Drytlcns Wild Gallant, Mother du Lake^ being about 
to drink a dram^ is made to excJaim, '' 'Tis a great way to 
*• the bottom ; but heaven is all-fufficient to give me llrcngth 
•* for it '* The fccnc in whick this ipcech occurs, was of ufe 
to Ricfmrdfin ia his Clarljfit^ and peihaps to Foate^ or Footi's 
originil of the character c^f Motl>cr Cole. 

t So in HUP 5 JiHor, pp. 69. 70. ** If there be any thing 
•* that comes in competition wirh the unluckinefs of this ex- 
" cellcnt player's figuic in this charidtcr, it is the appearance 

♦' he 

C '9* 3 

by M nieans encouraged our Rofdtu to continue aft-^ 
ing the part. Indeed, when his face was obfcured, 
his chict' power of cxprcflion was loft; rind then, and 
not till then, was he reduced lo a level with fcveral 
other performers. In a copy of this fet of plates, 
one of the two fmall portraits hanging up in the 
Jew's bedchamber, is fupcrfcribcd, Clarke i but 
without authority from Hogarth. H'ooljion would 
likcwifc have been out of his place, as he had written 
againft the ]ieivijb tenets. Of this circumftance, Us- 
garth was probably told by fome friend, and there- 
fore effaced a name he had once ignorantly inferred. 

' In Plate III.* (as already obfervcd) is the portrait 
of Sir John Goyijhu That Sir Joh.i Gonfon was the 
pcrfon intended in this print, is evident from a cir- 
cumftance in the next, where, on a door in BriJs" 
Will^ a figure hanging is drawn in chalk, with an 
infcription over ir, •* Sir /• G.'* as well as from the 
following cxplannrion by K:.uouet : ** 1^ fig-'r^j oui 
** paroit entrcr fans bruit avec une partie de guei, 
** ift i;n c;'>:iv.r.itlairc qui fe dilVmguoit extrememenr 

•• par Ton pour ia pcrlccution des filles de joye." 

•* h.^ :v.odf i^ iiif new hiS:: *.^r Ot'ni'-c, \Vc arc ufed to icc 
«' 'n- i^wT-r t; !Mr.;;"*; i -: 'i^lr^-ri!? cxprcfTcd throp.f^hout rh>: 

\K • *• ■ ' V »i»"* M ■ ■ ■■*^/« • 1 1 ' ' ** •^' 'f^ ' k II »■ IT* ■ :* HiT 1. "^ ■■••■ •'*r i*f T **-n* 

■ i» 

** ' - r: -^^ .-:v'f ■■'* ::. : : v,i»:.:. nc ^vx:.> n'.adc ;if r:.:ncr ex- 
, m . : -.-..> :^:\u•:: ja:o :hat c!;».!n/:t;, 

.;■. : **.i*' j-''..:c, f»"ir a circurrfrr.rrr ■:•* 

. ^ :..•.- ..K .. Ti o: no vcrbii ;r.:r*Trr- 

* • 

' Hcfpccnn^ anomcr circumBance, however, in the 
third plate, RoUqUet appear* to have met with foinc 
particular irtformatioA that has efcaped me. ** L'au« 
^ teur a faifl roecifidfi d'drt m6rceau de beurre qui 
•* fait partie du d^jeune, pour Penveloper plaifam- 
*^ ment dans le tltrc de la lettre paltorale qu'un grand 
^^ prelat^ addrefla dans ce tfims-R k fon diocefe, & 
*^ dont plufieurs exemplaires eurent le malheur d^£« 
** tre rehvoyfis ^ yepicier.** — ^The llceve of the maid* 
ferv^nt's gowh in this plate Is enlarged, and the neck 
of a bottfe oh the table ib lengthened. 

FV)r varlatiofis in Plate IV. fee the roof of the 
rbom. Shadow on the principal woman's petticoat^ 
ahd from Ihe hoop*petticOat hanging up in the back 
ground. The dog made darker. The woman next 
thfe ovcrfeer has a high cap, which in the modem 
impreffioAs is lowered. 

In Plate V. Roof of the room. Back of the chair. 
Table. Dr. MifdubitCs waiftcoat. Name of D^- 
Rock on the paper lying on the clofe-ftooL Difli 
iat the fire. 

In a derpicable poem publiflied in 1732, under 
thefiftitious name ofjofeph Gay^ and intituled ** Tbi 
" Harlot's Progrefs^ Which is a key to the fix prints 
^^ lately publifhed by Mr. Hogarth^^* the two quacks 
in attendance on the dying woman are called 3l7»— ^r 
and G— ffi. It is evident from feveral circumftances, 
that this Mr. J. Gay became acquainted with our 
author*s work through the medium of a copy. 

* BiQiop Gib/on. 

O In 

C "94 3 

Id Pittc VI. the urazcan (bated next die deigj* 
tran was defigsed for EUzskttb Jdsm^ who^ at the 
age of 30, was afterwards cic c uted for a iot>berj, 
Seficmter 10, 1 737. The caaawaa priat of her will 
jvdRify this aflertioii. 

If we maj truft the wietched metrical perfonx^Soce 
joft quoted^ the Bawd in this &Eth plate was dtfigaod 
io€ Mother Betalej. 

The portrait hangiBg vp in die J^zci apsztsest 
was originallT fjbferibcd « Mr. irapjfo." There 
was a fcriptural Bootto to one of the other p^jrcs ; 
and on the cielicg of the room in uhich ti^e girl :s 
dying, a certain obfccce word was more Ti£b!e tria 
it is at prefent. The former inficripdon oc the piper 
BOW infcribcd Dr. R0ci, was al^ a grofs one. I fliould 
injufiice add, that before theie plates w^re delircrtd 
ID the fubfcribrrs, the ofiarfire paiticidsrs here sxc- 
tioced were oauttcd* 

The foUowizig parigrxph in TheGr^S^iter: y.-tsrsul 
for S^^!im^r 24, 173-, will fjSdiczrlj ;\if::rx :'r* 
fp!erc:i ippcinnce tie Hirloc n:i5.rt in ^ritrnrf-V, 
See Plitc IV. Such weli-^irciTcd fcTiies ire nrtl r 


mr: iri:h 12 ctr rreftnt hocfts of correoicc:. 

•* OicT SLiry M-Jiftf^:, 2 V03LI3 of gr«t !»C? :": 
•* die hiEidre-is of Dr^L-^^ 120, aboct x f::r:V-i 
** ages was CDCEiciicred 10 kird ubccr ::: TrthS^^tLii 
« BridtTzeiij bj cioe jCibces, brought his Jrli-^srty'i 
" «ri: oc Hdt^as Carpts^ irid wis carrkd cefoce :r r 
•* righ: horrot^ible tzt lofs! c'-ief j::(LrLCi RjynLmj\ 
^ exp'r^:2g w h*vr- been sioirr bailed oc diiciiarg-i-i ; 

^butlfft bdMrnitmcNM itppaaring to t>e legal, hii 
^^ latdAip thought fie M^ remmd her back again to 
^ her fdrnwf plaoe of coilfinetncnt, where ^^ is nom 
^ hiding bemp in a goum very richly laced with Jilver.** 
Routpiet cotichide^ his illuffFation of the fifth plate 
iby obfer? iiig^ tliat the (tery might have been con- 
duced heire. *• L*aHtew femble avoir rempli fon 
*• de^iit« 11 a f^livi- fofr herbioe jufijue* au derniet 
^ fbufite. R I'a condfuite de rinfamic I, la paiivret6, 
^^ pal* left i^i^i) fedutfantes du libettidage. Son in* 
** tenti<^ d^ tocher de retcnir, bu de corriger celles 
^^ qui kur foibltffe^ (ki Itut tgnorance expofent tous 
** kft j<im%l<le fen^blabhss infortunes, eft fuffiramcnt 
^ cxccutfe; on pcut done dire que la tragcdie finit 
^•i eette ptenche, et cjue la fuivante eft comme le 
*^ p^tte piec^. G eft une farce dont la defunte eft 
*' pluftot TcKrcafion que le fujet/' — Such is the cri- 
ticiftn of R&u^uet ; but t cannot abfolutely concur 
ki the juftn^fs of it* Hogarth found an opportunity 
to convey admonition^ ahd enforce his moral^ even 
in \)xA iaft plate. It is true that the exploits of our 
heroine are concluded, and that (he i^ no longer an 
agent in her own ftory. Yet as a wifh prevails, even 
among thofe who are moft humbled by their own 
indifcretions, that fome refpedt fliould be paid to 
their remains, that they Ihould be conduded by de- 
cent friends to the grave, and interred by a prieft 
who feels for the dead that hope expreffcd m our 
Liturgy, let us alk whether the memory of our Har- 
lot m^ts wick any fUch marks^ of focial attention^ dr 

O 2 pious 

i I9« 1 

piims beoevoleiiee. Are not the prqiaration for her 
funeral licentjous, like the courfe of her life, as if 
the oontagioa of her example had reached all the 
companv m the room ? Her fillers in iniquicy akme 
furround her coffin. One of them is engaged in the 
double trade of fedu&ion and thievery. A lecood 
is admiring herlelf in a mirror. A third gazes mth 
tmconcem on the corpfe. If any of the number ap» 
pear mournful, diey exprefi at beft but a maudlin 
fotro:^', having glafles <rf'firong liquor in their hands. 
The very miniiler, forgetful of his office and cha- 
ncer, is ihamefully employed; nor does a fingle 
circumftance occur, throughout the whole fccne, that 
a reflcdting female would not wifh (hould be alienated 
from her own interment. — Such is the plate which 
our illuftrator, with too much levity, has ftyled a 
farce appended to a tragic reprefentation. 

He might, however, have exercifed his critical 
abilities with more fuccefs on HegariVs negled of 
propriety, though it affords him occafion to difplay 
his wit. At the burial of a wanton, who expired 
in a garret, no cfcutcbcons were ever hung up, or 
lings given away ; and I much queflion if any bawd 
ever cbofc to avow that charadcr before a clergy<» 
man, or any infant was ever habi^^ed as chief mourner 
to attend a parent to the grave. — I may add, that 
when thefe pidurcs were painted (a time, if news- 
papers are to be credited, when, having no eftablifhed 
police, every adt of violence and licentioul'nefs W2S 
pra&ifed with impunity in our ftreets, an J women 



i »97 3 

of plcafurA were brutally perfecuted in €very qtiarter 
of the town)^ a funeral attended by fuch a fifterbood 
would fcarcdy have been permitted to reach the place 
of interment. Much however muft be forgiven to 
the morality of Hogartb^s defign, ajid the powers 
with which it is executed. It may alfo» on the pre* 
fent occafion, be obferved, that in no other icene^ 
out of the many he has painted, has he fo widely de« 
. viated from vraifemblance. 

The ipUowing verfes, however wretched, being 
explanatory of the fet of plates already fpoken of, 
are here re-printed. Tjiey made their appearance 
under the earlieft aiiid heft of the pirated copies pub- 
liihed by Bowles p Hogarth ^ finding that fuch a me- 
trical dei<:riptioj;i had its effed, refolved that his 
pext feries of prints ihould receive th(^ fam^ jady^]> 
tage from an abler hand* 

Plate I. 
Sec tbtre, but juft arriv'd in town. 
The Country Girl in hon>e-fpun gown, ^ , 
Tho' plain her drefs appears, how neat 1 
Her looks how innocent and fweet ! 
Poes not your indignation rife, 
When on the bawd you qaft your eyes } 
Fraught with devices to betray ; 
She's hitjber comp >n queft of prey ; 
pcreens her defigns with godly airs, 
And tall^s of homilies and pray'rs, 
Till, by her arts, the wretched Maid 
Tp vilp Francifco is betray'd, 

O 3 And 

f -K3 3 

And fee, die lewd old rogue ^{ifcgrv 
How at the fidh young tbii^ thing ht lecrf ! 
In lines too firong, too well txpred 
The lufiful fat) T ilands coofefL 

On batrer'd jade, in thread-bare gpmn. 
The Rural Priefi is come to town — 
Think U'hat his humble thought engages i 
Why — Iciler work and greater wages. 


Debauch*d^ and then kickM out of doors^ 
The fate of all Frandfcffs whores^ 
Poor ¥oUf% forced to walk the ftreets. 
Till with a wealthy Jno flic meets. 
Quickly the man of drcumcifion 
For her reception makes piovifion. 
You fee her now In all her fplendour, 
A Monkev and a B!ack t* attend her. 
How great a fot's a k«rep*:ng cully, 
\\\:o thinks t' cnjc" a -^cnvan I'oltlv ! 

The' he fupport her grandeur. Mils 
\ViiI by the bye with others kifs. 

Thus /*c..V p'ay'd her part ; flie had 

A Beau ailrr.ittcd to her bed ; 

But th' Hfircw uncxpefleJ, 

Puts he: in iciv to bw cctccted. 

This to j^rcYcnr, fr.c at breukfali picks 

A i]iir.rrcl, aTiC i".u:l::r.g kicks 

Thv table dowTi : while by her MmJ 

1 hj Hi^u Is 10 cue uvAir coavcv'd. 


i 199 J 


Plata III. 

JMblfy difcarded once again. 
Takes lodging next in Drury-lane j 
Sets up the bufinefs on her own 
Accovint, and deals with all the town* 
At breakfaft here in defliabille^ 
While Margery does the tea-pot fill, 
Mi& holds a watch up, which, by .flight 
Of hand, was made a prize laft night. 
From chandler's ihop a c(ab of butter. 
Brought on his lordihijp's Pafigral Letter ^ 
A cup, a faucer, knife, and roll;^ 
Are plac'd before her on a ftooK- 
A chair behind her holds a cloak, 
A candle io a bottle $.uc.k. 
And by 't a bafon-^but indecent 
T'would be in me to fay what is in't. 
At yonder door, fee there Sir Jobn^s 
Juft entering with his A^rmidonSy 
To Bridewell to convey Mifs Molfy^ 
And Margery with her to Mill Polly ♦• 

Plate IV. 

See Polly now in Bridewell ilands, 
A galling mallet in her hands. 
Hemp beating with a heavy heart. 
And not a foul to take her part. 
The Keeper, with a look that's fourer 
Jban TurA or Devil, Hanging o'er her ; 

^ Beat hemp. 

O4 And 

And if her time {he idles, thwack 

Comes his rattan acrof; her back# 

A dirty, ragged, faucy Jade, 

Who fees her here in rich brocade 

And Mechlin lace, thumping a punny. 

Lolls out her tongue, and winks with one ey^ 

That other Maux with halt a noi'e, 

yrho*s holding up her tatter d clpaths, 

J^ughs too at Madam's wprking-drefs. 

And her grim Tyrant's threatening face. 

A Gamejier hard by PoU you fee, 

In coat be-lac'd and fmart toupee. 

Kate vermin kills— chalkM out upon 

A window-lhutter, hangs Sir JohtU 

Plate V. 

Released from Bridewell^ PoU again 

Drives on her fornner trade amain ; 

But who tzx heard of trading wenches 

That long efcapM difcale thit French is ? 

Our Polly did not— Ills on ills. 

Elixirs, bolufes and pills, 

Catharricks and emeticks dreary, 

llac^ made her of her life quite weary; 

At lad thrown into falivation 
She finks beneath the operation. 
A fnufRing whore in waiting by her 
Screams out to fee the wretch expire. 
The DoSors blame each other ; Meagre, 
With wrath tranfported, hot and eager. 


^Starts up, thfQw$ down the cbair and fyxAp 
^nd calls her brother SquaA sl fool, 
your p lis, fluoth Sjuab^ with cooldifdjUfff 
Not my elixir, proved her banc, 
^^''hile they pntei^d, a muffled Punl); 
Is rummafi^ing poo^ Pcll/s trunk. 

Plats VL 

The fiftcrhood of Drury-lane 
Are met to form the funeral train* 
Pri/s turns aiide the coffin lid. 
To take her farewell of the dead. 
Kat& ddnks dejeded ; Peggy ftands 
With difmal look, and wrings her hands, 
Bick wipes her eyes ; and at the glafs 
In order jfenry fets her face. 
The ruin'd Bawd roars out her grief | 
JicT bottle fcarcely gives relief. 
J^ladge QUs the wine ; his caftle-top 
With unconcern the Bey winds up* 
The Undertaker rolls his eyes 
On Sukty^ as her glove he tries : 

His leering flie ohferves, and while he . 

3tands thus, flie picks his pocket flily. 

!!jrhe Par/on fit§ with look demure 

By Fannfs fide, but leaning to her. 

His left hand fpills the wine ; his right-* 

I blulh to add— is out of fight, 

Over the figure qf the Parjon is the letter A^ 
^hich conducts to the following explanation under- 


[ 20* 3 

neaA the plate. ** A. The famous Cm^>Beggar 
•• in The Fleet, a wretch who there fcrccns himfelf 
^« from the juftice due to his villaimes, and daily 
*' rcpcatg them." 

All but the firft imprelHons of this fet of plates 
are marked thus -f. None were originally printed 
off except for the i?oo fubfcribcrs. Immediately 
after they were ferved, the plates were retouched^ 
and fome of the variations introduced. 

2. Rehearfal of the Oratorio of Juditbf Singing 
men and boys. Ticket for ^* A Modem Midnight 
** Converfatiofl.** This Oratorio of Juditbf which 
was performed in chacader, was written by Mr. 
Huggmsy as has been already obfervcd in p. 187 ; and 
the line taken from it, 

<' The world iball bow to the Jfyriam throne/' 

infcribed on the book, is a fatire on its want of fuc« 
ccfs. — The corner figure looking over the notes, was 
dcfiii-ned f6r Mr. Toibjll 

3. A Midnight Modern Convcrfation. W. Hcgartb 
inv. pirfx* i^ jculp. Hogartb foon difcovered that this 
engraving was too faintly executed ; and therefore, 
after taking off a few impreflions in red as well as 
black, he retouched and ftrengthened the plate. 
Under this prmt are the following vcrfes : 

Think not to find one meant refcmblance here^ 
We ialh the Vices, but the Pcrfons fpare. 
Prints Ihould be prized, as Authors Ibould be read^ 
Who Iharply fmilc prevailing Folly dead. 


C ♦^ 1 

dBp £4lf Af^i laugbt, and fo CerpanUs thoi^tj 
^ Natttfc didated what Art has taught. 

Moft erf" the figures, howler, are fuppofcij to le 
•real portraits. The Divine and the Lawyer*, in 
particular, are well known to be fo. 



^ Thefe, in mj firfi tditiqn, I h^d ventured* od populftr 
report, to fay were pAtfon For J^ and the firAhord Northingt^^ 
:ivhen young* But 1 am now cnabltd to identify their perfons^ 
on the authority of Sir^i!^* HanfAuu: '* When thei^Udni|^t 
V Modern Convcrfatipn came out, the general ppuuon wa0» 
«* th|Kt the-DtTinewas iElie portrait of Orator Henley i and the 
f' Lawyer of jKf$ikHy^ a VQci&rous bar or^t^, reoiarkabic, 
*' xhot^h an .utter barrifter, for wearing ^ fulUbottooi'd wig, 
•* which he is here drawn with, as alfo for a horrible fquiut.** 
In tha( QQce popular iatire, Vh Camfidkade^ are the follow** 
^ng lines on this lawyer : 

«* Up Kettkhy ftarts with a borrihk Jl^re ! 
** * Behold, my good Lord, yourx>ld friend at the bar^ 
f * Or rather jqU foe^ for foes we have beea, 
'* As treafon fell out, and poor traitors fell in, 
** Strong oppofites.e*er, and not once of a iide, 
*^ Attonues wiU «lway;S .gr^L CDuofel divi(l^» 
•* iLoMfor perfecutions, I always againft^ 
*' How.oft with a joke ';gainibyour law have I fencM ? 
** How oft in your pleadijigs Tyc pic]k'd out a hole, 
f* Thro* which, from your pounces my culprit IVe ftole ; 
V I've pu^^Ud ^gainft you now ejght years or nine, 
•* You, my Lord, for your King, I a 1 for -mine.', 

<* But what is ail this ? Now your Lordihip.w til fay, 
** To ^t at (he office this is not the way. 
** I owp it is not, fo I make no requeft 
** For royfclf, fiiil firm to my party and tcft : 
•* 6ut if 'tis your pleafure to give it my fon, 
•* He fliall take off his coif t'accept of the boon ; 
«* That coif I, rcfufing, transfcrr'd upon him, 
•* For wbo*d,be a feijeant where F ■ r was Prime ? 
•' That my fon is a lawyer no one can gainfay, 
i* As witnefs his getting off W^ tt t'other day.* 

A pamphlet was publilhed about the Tame time, 
voder the fame title as this plate. In Bankt's Poems* 
ToL I. p. 87. the print is copied as a head-piece to 
sn Fpifl-lc to M-. Hcgarib, on this performance. In 
a note, it is faid to have appeared after 73?f Harlot't 
prt^rtfs; and that in the original, and all the larger 
copies, on the papers that hang out of the politician's 
pocket at the end of the tabic, was written The 
Crafifmatit and The London Juumal. 

Of this print a good, but contrafted copy, W3j 
publifhcd (perhaps with Hagarlb's permiiTion), and 
the following copy of verfcs engraved undet it, 

** i he Bacchanalians ; or a Midnight Modern 
.Convcrfatipn. A }*oem addrelTed to the Ingenious 
Mrs. Hogarth. 

pacred to ihee, permit this lajr 
Thy labour, Hegarthf to difplay I 
Patron and theme in one to be ! 
Tis great, but not too great for thee ; 

•' Q»o' my Lord, ' My friend jfirl, I needs muft atlov 
** You hiive pitzzled mc oft, a> indeed you do nijw ; 
" Nay, have pnxzled yourlcir, the court and ibc lair, 
•' And chuckled moft winily over a flaw : 
" For your noflrumi, enigma), tonundrumi, and ptini, 
•* Are above comprehcnfior, favc that of your foii'». 
•' To fling off the coif ! Oh fye, my friend ji&tl, 
•• 'Twould be afting ihe pan of the Cock ia the Fable I 
*• 'Til a badge uf diftinclion ! and fome people buy it ; 
•* Can you doubl on'l, when SiUarr and H^jiard fo]oy ni 
*f Tho' 1 own you have fpoil'd (but 1 will not eolatgeon'i) 
** A good Chanctry dralifroan to make a bad Seijeant."* 

l^ord lf»riliiMgit» did not come into notice till many ytart ^ce 

the put)ltC3lioii of (bit piint. 


* • 

fbr tliM, the Poet's cbhthoit friend^ 
Whofe vein of humour knows no end^ 
This verfe which^ honeft to thy fame. 
Has added to thy praife thy name ! 
Who can be dull when to his eyes • > 
Such various fcenes of humour fife ^ * 
Now we behold in what unite 
The Prieft^ the Beau, the Ctt, the Bite*; 
Where Law and Phyfick join the SwoM, 
And Juftice deigns to crown the boards '^ 
How Midnight Modern CsH^dUam ' 
Mingle all faculties and ftations ! 

FuU to the fight, and-nett* die bowl» 
Sits 4iie phyiician of the foul ; 
No loftier themeis his thought purfues 
Than Punch, good Company, and Dues : 
Eafy and carelefs what may fall. 
He hears, confents, and fills t6 all ; 
Proving it plamly by his face 
That caflbcks are no figns of grace* 

Near him a fon of heUal fee ; 
(That Heaven and Satan (hould agree !) 
Warm'd and wound up to proper height 
He vows to dill maintain the fight. 
The brave furviving Pried aflails. 
And fairly damns the firft that fails ; 
Fills up a bumper to the Beft 
In Chriftendom, for that's his tafte : 
1 he parfon (impers at the jeft. 
And puts it forward to the reft* 


FUxbfirhirts Lktbim^ mid (Uki^ 

Ate ill imtced in his look. 

Hit fpacfoiii vfrig Mooeoii Ui e*^ 

Yet tte 4t«ill pfaxkfing beoft appeam 

His mufclcs feem cxiift Id fit 

Mvck Dotff^ muck pikle^ and noc.tfiDch wit* 

Who then it b< irkk fdlema plis^ 
Updn bU elbows poitM wkh eafel. 
Freely to fpeak the Mofe is loch^^ 
Juftice or IcMve-^he nuiy be bolh^-*^ 
Jitlioe or kntvo^^'iif much the fiitiie : 
To boaft of crimoi^Pf tell the ihame. 
Of iddng tatk or refomuMaob^ 
Tis all good Mdd9rm Ommfothn. 

What mighty Uaibiavil ait thdu, . 
With patrioi cares upon thy brow ? 
Alas, that punch ibould have the fate 
To dcown the pilot of the fiate ! 
That while both fides thy pocket holds, 
Nor IfAnven grieves, dor Oflwrne fcolds^ 
Thou (ink'ft the bufineft of the nation 
In MUnif^bt Modern C§nverfaiionl 

The Tradefman cells with wat'ry eyes 
How Credit finks, how Taxes rife ; 
At P^Arliametits and Great Men pets. 
Counts all his lofles and his debts. 

The puoy Fop, mankind's di%race. 
The ladica' jeft and looking-glais ; 


. 71us he-lhe thing the mode purfues. 
And drinks in order — till he fp — ^s. 
See where the Relift of the Wars^ 
Deep marked with honorary fears, 
A mightier foe has causM to yield 
'f'han ever MarlbvQ* met in* field I 
Seeprofbrate on tl\e earth. he lies; 
And leai^n^ ye ibldier»> to be wife.. 

Flulh'd with the fqmcs of gcn'rous wiac t 
The Doftor's face begins to fhinc : 
With eyes half clos'd, in Aanim'ring ftrain^ 
He (peeks the praifc of ikh chan$ipaigQ« 
Tis dull ID verfe, what from thy hand 
^ight even a Caio's fmile command. 
Th*' expiring fnuffs, the bottles broke. 
And the full bowl at four o'clock. 

March 2%, i742» w^ adted at Cdvent-Gdrden^ a 
new fcene, called A Modern Midnight Converfuiim^ 
taken from Hogarth* s celebrated^ print ; in which was 
introduced, Hippijley*s Drunken Man, with a comic 
tale of what feally pafled between himfelf and his 
old aunt, at her houfe on Mendip-Hillsy in Somerfit^ 
Jhire. For Mr. Hippi/ley^s benefit. 

T ^ A ^ 

I. The Rake's Progrcfs, in eight plates. 
Extraft from ihc London Daily Pojiy May 14, 1735 : 
The nine prints from the paintings of Mr. Hc^ 
gartb, one reprefenting a Fair, and the others a 
*^ Rake's Progrefs, are now^ printing off, and will be 
ready to be delivered on the 25th of jfune next. 

" Subfcriptions 



[ io8 ] 

•* Subfcnptions will be taken at Mr. ffagarti^j, tfid 
•' Golden-Hiad. in Lcirc/ier-Jic/eis, tUl the 2:d of j .net. 
" and no longer, at half a guinea to be paid on fuW 
" fcribing, and half a gcTnea more ort delivery 
" the prints at the price abofe-mentioncd, 
" which the price will be two guineas. 

" N.B. Mr. Ho^iirth was, and is, obliged to defer 
** the publication and delivery of the abovcfaid prints 
" till the 25th of June next, in order to fecure his 
" property, purfiiant to an aft lately pafled both 
•' houfes of parliament, now waiting for the royal 
•' aflent, to fecure all new invented prints that fliall 
** be publiflicd after the 24th of June next, from 
** being copied without confent of the proprietor, 
*' and thereby preventing a fcandalous and unjuft 
•' cuftom (hitherto praftifcd with impunity) of mak- 
' *' ing and vending bafe copies of original prints, to 
** the manifcft injury of the author, and the great 
** difcouragement of the arts of painring and eii- 
" graving." 

In The Crafifman, foon afterwards, appeared ll 
following advcrtifcmtnt: 

•' Purfuant to an agreement with the fubfcrib«r» 
" to the Rake's Progrcfs, not to fell ihem for Icfs 
*' than two guineas each fet after publication thereof, 
" the faid original prints arc to be had at Mr. Ht»- 
" garth's, the Gtlden'Head, in heicefitrjieldi \ and at 
*' Tho. Buicweirs, ptint-fcllcr, next John/tm's Ccartt 
" in fleeS-Jircet, where all other print-fellers may be 
** liippUcd, 



t 4^ 3 

■ • • • 

-^' lA fout- days will be j)ubUlhed, copies frotn the 
** laid prints, with the confent of Mr. Hogartb, ac- 
*• cording to the aft bf parliameiSt, which will be 
** fold at i X. 6 d. each fet. With the ufUal allowance 
** to all dealers in town and country ; and, that? the 
«' publick itiay not be impofed on^ at the bottom of 
each print will be inferted thefe words^ viz. * Pub- 
•* lilhed with the confent of Mr. William Hogarth^ by 
Tbo. Bakewell^ accotding to aft of parliament/ 

N.B. Any perfon that Ihall fell any Other co- 
pies, or imitations of the faid prints, wilV incur 
the penalties in the late aft of parliament, and be 
" profccutcd for the fame.'* 

This ferles of plates, however, aS Mr. WalpoU ob- 
fervcs, was pirated by BoUard on one very large fheet 
of paper, containing the feveral fcenes reprefented 
by Hogarth. It came out a foi'tnight before the ge- 
nuine fet, but was foon forgotten. The principal 
variations in thefe prints are the following : 

Plate I. The girl's face who holds the ring is 
erafed, and a worfe is put in ** The mother's head, 
&c. is leflenedi The fhoefoh, cut from the cover 
of an ancient family Bible, together with a cheft, is 
added ; the memorandum-book removed into ano- 
ther place ; the woollen-draper's fhop bill j, appended 


The face of this female has likewife been changed on 
. the lail plate. In tlic intermediate ones it icmaiiia as ori§^- 
nally defigiK-d. To give the fame character two different cafls 
of countenance, was fiircly an incongruity without excufe. 

•j- The infcription on this bill is — " I.ondou^ bjught of 
** irdllam Tothall^ Woollen -draper in Coviut'GayJn!,*'* Sec the 
cornet figure looking over the mnfic in the Rchearfji of the 
Oratorio of yuJ:th ; and note, p. 1 16. 

P to 

C «'o ] 
to a roll of black cloth, omitted ; 
clofct thrown more into Ihadc. 

In '.Plate II, are portraits of i^^, the prize- 
fighter*; £ri(/^f7«i3n, a noted gardener ; and Duiwj, 

* Of whom a feparate porCrait, by Ellii, had been publiflicd 
by Overton. F-gg died in ihc year 1734. As the tafle of the 
publtck is much changed about the importance of the auhle 
Science of Defence, as it was called, and as probably i: wiH 
4iever again revive, it may afford fomc i-iitcrtainoiciit to my 
readers, to fee the terms in v.hich Ihii celebrated piize-fighier 
tt fpokea of by a profcffor of the art. " Figg was the jitlai 
*' of the Sword ; and may he remain the gUdiating flame! 
*' la him llrength, refolotion, and unparalleled judgement, 
•• ronfpircd to form a matchlefi mailer. There was a ma- 
" jelly Ihcne in his countenance, and blazed in all his afiiooi, 
" beyood all I ever faw. Hie right leg bold and firm ; and 
•' hit left, which could- hardly ever be dillurbcd, gave him the 
*' furprifing advantage already proved, and firiick bit adver- 
*■ fary with dcipair and panic. He had tbit peculiar way of 
•' ftepping iu 1 fpolte of, in a parry ; he knew his arm, and 
" its juft time of tnoving ; put a firm faith in that, and never 
•* lei his adverfary cfcape his p;itTy. He was juft at much a 
" greater maftcr than any other I ever faw, as he was a 
" greater judge of time and intafure.'* C,ifiuim Jebn Gadfrty't 
Snatife ipeii Oh V/eful ScUiac ef tiiftiitt, 410, 1 747, p. 41* 
*' Mr. Figg," lays Cleivico.^, Hiflory of the Stage, p. bo, 
** informed me once, that he had not boirghi a (hirt for more 
** than twenty year?, bin had fold fome dozens. It wai h'ls 
" method, when he fought in his amphiihearre (his ftagc 
•' bearing that fuperb title), to fend round to a feteft number 
■' of his fcholars, to borrow a fliirt for the cnfuing combat, 
*> and feldom failed of hilf a dozen of fupcrfine Holland 
•' from his prime pupils (moft of the young nobility and 
■' gentry made it a pan of iheir education to march under hit 
•* warlike banner). This champion was generally conqueror, 
" though his fhirt feldom failed of gaining a cut from hia 
" enemy, and fomctimes hh fkHi, though I think he never 
" received any dangcroui wound. Mufi of liis fcholan were 
** at every batUe, aad were furc to exult at ibeir great oiaHcr'a 
" MAories, 

t "1 J 

ft mafter of defence/who was killed in a duel by 
bne of the fame name^ as the following paragraphs 
In The Grub^/lreet Journal fox May i6, 1734, &c. will 
teftify : " Yeflerday (May 1 1) between two and three 
^' in the afternoon^ a duel was fought in Marj^le-bone 
'^ Fields y between Mr. Dubois a Frenchman^ and Mir* 
'^ Dubois an Irtjhman^ both fencing-mafter39 the for* 

mer of whom was run through the body^ but 

walked a coniiderable Way from the place, and is 
^^ now under the hands of an able furgeon^ who has 
'* great hopes of his recovery." 

May 23, 1734, •* Yefterday morning died Mr. 
^* Dubois y of a wound he received in a duel.** 

The portrait of Hansel has been fuppofcd to be 
reprefented in the plate before us; but ** this/' as 
Sir John Hawkins obferves to me, '* is too much to fay. 
•* Mr. Handel had a higher fcnfe of his own merit than 
** ever to put himfelf in a fituation ; and, if fo, 
" the painter would hardly have thought of doing jit. 
*' The mufician muft mean in general any compofer 
** of operas.^ On the floor lies a pifture reprefenting 
Farinelllj feated on a pedeftal, with an altar before 
him, on which are fevcral flaming hearts, near 
which ftand a number of people with their arms ex«» 

*' vidlories, every peiTon fuppofing he faw the wounds his fhirt 
•* received. Mr, Frgg took his opportunity to inform kit 
*^ lenders of linen of the chafing their fliirts received, widk a 
^^ promiie to fend them home. £ut, faid the ingenious cou* 
*' rageous Figgy I feldom received any other anfwer than 
•* D— mn you, keep it I** A Poem by Dr. Bjrom^ on a battla 
between Figg and Sutton^ another pri2e-fighter| is in the 6tli 
Volftme of Bodjlefs Collcftion of Poems. 

P 2 tcndedj 

[ 212 ] 

tended, ofTeriDg him prefents : at the foot of the 
altar is one female kneeling, tendering her heart. 

.From her mouth a label ifliics, infcribed, ** One 
** God, one FarinelU f alluding to a lady of dif- 

^ tindion, who, being charmed with a particular paf- 
fage in one of his fongs, uttered aloud from the 
boxes that impious exclamation. On the figure of 
the captain, Kouquet has the following remark : ** Ce 
•* caraftere me paroit plus Italien qu* AnghisJ* I am 
not fufficiently vcrfed in Alfatian annals to decide on 
the queftion ; but believe that the bully by profef- 
fion (not affaffin, as Rouquei feenis to interpret the 
charafter) was to be found during the youth of our 
artift. More have heard and been afraid of thcfe 
vulgar heroes, than ever met with them. This fet 
of prints was engraved by Scotin chiefly ; but feveral 
of the faces were touched upon by Hogarth. In 
the fecond plate the countenance of the man with 
the quarter- (laves was wholly engraved by Hogarth. 
In fomc early proofs of the print, there is not a (in- 
gle feature on this man's face ; there is no writing 
either in the mufician's book, or on the label ; nor is 
there the horfc-race cup, the letter, or the poem 
that lies at the end of the label, that being entirely 

. blank. I mention thefe circum (lances to (hew that 
our artid would not entrud particular parts of his 
work to any hand but his own ; or perhaps he had 
neither determined on the countenarice or the in- 
fcription he meant to introduce, till the plutc was 
far advanced. With unfinifhed proofs, on any 


1 "3 3 

other account^ this catalogue has nothing to do. 
As the rudiments of plates, they may afford inftruc* 
tion to young engravers ; or add a fancied value to 
the collcdtions of connoifleurs. 

In the third plate is I^atb^-coaf ^ j a noted porter 
belonging to Tbe Rofe Tavern, with a large pewter 
dilK^in his hand, which for many years ferved as a 
fign to the (hop of a pewterer on Snow- Hill. In this: 
utenfil the pofture- woman, who is undreffing, ufcd 
to whirl herfelf round, and difplay other feats of 
indecent adtivity : " II fufEt*' (I tranfcribe from 
Rouqtietf who is more circumftantial) *^ dc vous 
** laiiTer a deviner la deftination de la chandellc. Cc 
** grand plat va fervir a cctte femme comnie a unci 
** poularde. II fera mis au milieu de la table ; elle 
<^ s'y placera fur le dos ; et I'ivreffe ct Tefprit dc 
^* debauche feront trouver plaifant un jeu, qui dc 
" fang-froid ne le paroit guercs/' Rouquel^ in his 
defcription of an Englijh tavern, fuch as that if? 
which our fcene lies, mentions the following as ex- 
traordinary conveniencies and articles of niagnifi- 
cence : ** Du linge toujours blanc f^ — de tables de bois 

*' qu'on 

* FieUing has introduced this porter, under the name of 
jLeatherJides^ into The Covent-Garden Tragedy^ aded in 1732. 
Leath. Two whores, greatMadam, mufl be flraight prepar*<f, 

A fat one for the Squire, and for my Lord a lean. . 
Mother. Tho\i, Ltathcrfides^ beft know 'ft fuch nymphs to 
To thee their lodgings they communicate. „ ,, 

Go thou procure the girh 
+ The cleanlincfs of the EngUJb feems to have niade a fimir 
Ur imprefTion on the mind of M. Be CrcJIcy^ who, in his 

P 3 ** Tour 

E »H 3 

pellc ici m^hpganl— grand feu et gra^tis/^ 
; Pomaces head is added in the room of st 
mutilated Cafar. Principal wonun has a man's hat 
on* Rake's h^ad altered. Updreft woman's head 
fllteredi Woman who fpirts the wine, apd ihe who 
threatens her with a drawn knifei have lower caps, &c« 

So entirely do our manners differ from thofe qf 
£fty years ago, that 1 much queftion if at prefent, in 
all the taverns of London^ any thing refembling the 
fpene here exhibited by Hogarth could be found. 
That we are lefs fenfual than our predeceflbrs, I do 
not affirm ; but may with truth obferve, we are more 
delicate in purfuit of our gratifications.— -No youn^ 
man, of our hero's fortune and education, would now 
ihink of entertaining half a fcore of prqfiitutes at a 
tavern, gfter having routed a fet qf fipeble wretches^ 
who are idly called our Quardians qf the N ight. 

Plate (V. Rakewill is going to couit op the firft 
pf Marcb^ which was Queen Carolines birth-day, as 

'•' Tour to J>jiA»,"obfer7cs, that f* The plate, hearth-ftoncs^ 
** moveables, apartments, doors^ flairs, the very flreet«docrs^ 
** their locks, and the large brafs knockers, are every day 
** waihed, fcowered, or rubbed Even in lodging-houfes, the 
•* middle of the flairs is often coycrefl u ith carpeting^ to pre* 
^ vent them from being foiled. All the apartments in the 
** houfe have mats or carpets ; and the ufe of them has beeq 
*• adopted fornc years fince by the Frcucb ;'* and that ** The 
** tovrns and villages upon the fCad have excellent inns, but 
f* fomei'^'bat dear ; at thefe an Enghjh lord is as well ferved at 
V it his own houfe, and with a tleanlinefs much to be wiihed 
f* for in moft of the^beft houfes of France. The innkeeper 
^ makes his appearance only to do the honours of his table to 
f* the greatefl perfonages^ who often invite him to dine yrith 
?• them.- , . - . . 


[ "5 3 

wcH as the annivcrfary of St. DavltL In the early 
knpreilions a ihoe-black fteals the Rake's cane. In 
the modern ones, a large group of blackguards* [the 
cbimncy-fweepcr peeping over the poll boy's cards^ 
and difcovering that he has two honours, by holding 
up two fingers, is among the luckieft 6f Hogarth* s 
traits] are introduced gambling on the pavement ; 
near them a done infcribed Black's, a contraft to 
Whites gaming- houfe, ogainft which a flafli of light- 
ning is pointed. The curtain in the window of the 
jfedan chair is thrown back. This plate is likewife 
found in an mtermediate date f ; the iky being made 
unnaturally obfctire, iR^th an attempt to introduc6^^^ 
fliower of rain, and lightning very aukwardly repri- 
fented. It is fuppofed to be a firft proof after the 
(ni^rtion of the group of black-guard gamefters ; 
the window of' the chair being only marked for an 
alteration that was afterwards made in it. Hogarth 
appears to have fo far fpoiled the flcy, that he wis 
obliged to obliterate it, and caufe it to. be engraved 
over again by another hand %- ^o^ forefeeing, hoW- 
ever, the immenfe demand for his prints, many of 

* The chief of thefe, who wears fomethiog that ieeois to 
have been a tie-wig, was painted from a French boy, whp 
(leaned ihoet at the comer of Hog-Lam. 

t In the colltdlion of Mr.^UiWMs only. 

i He had meditated, however, forne additional improva- 
raents in the fame plate. V^hen he had inferted the &orm, 
be began to conEder the impropriety of turning the gid otit 
in the midfi of it with her Ikead uncovered ; and checefefv, 
op a proof of this print, from which he defigned to . have 
worked, he iketched her hat in with IftJiaft ink. 

P 4 them 

i «6 3 

'them were fi> ilightly executed, as very early to flimd 
in need of retouching. The fevcnth in particular 
was (b much more (lightly executed than the reft, 
that it fooner wanted renovation, and is therefore to 
be found in three diflfercnt ftatest The reft appear 
Only in two. 

In Plate V, is his favourite dog Trump. In this 
alfo the head of the maid-fervant is greatly alteredj 
and the leg and foot of the bridegroom omitted. 

From the anticjuatcd bride, and the young female 
adjufting the folds of her gown^ in this plate, is taken 
ft French print of a wrinkled harridan of faftiion at 
her toileti attended by a blooming coeffeufe. It was 
engraved by L, Surugue in 1 745, from a pii^ure in 
crayons by Ctypel, and is entitled. La Folic pare la De-* 
erepilude des ajufiemenf d^ la Jeunejfe. From the French^ 
matiy however^ the Devonjhire-fquare dowager of our 
artift h^s received fo high a polifti, that ihe might 
be miftakcn for a queen mother of France^ 

Mr. Gilpin, in his remarks on this plate, appears 
not to have fully gomprchendcd the extent of the 
fatire defigpcd in \t. Speaking of the church, he 
obfcrves, that " the wooden poft, which fcems to have 
** no ufc, divides the pidure difagreeably/' Hogarth^ 
however, meant to expofe the infufficiency of fuel) 
eccleiiaftical repairs as are confided to the fuperin- 
tendance of parifli-officcrs. We learn, from an in- 
fcription on the front of a pew, that ** This church 
*^ was beautified iq thp Year 1725. Tho. Sice, Tho. 

^ iforw. Churchwardens V The print before us 
came out in 1735 (i.e. only ten years afterwards)^ 
and by that time the building might have been found 
in the condition here exhibited^ and have required a 
prop to prevent part of its roof from falling in, — As 
a proof that this edifice was really in a ruinous (late^ 
it was pulled down and rebuilt in the year 1741% 

Fifty years ago^ Marybone church was confidered 
at fuch a diftance from London^ as to become the 
ufual refoit of thofe.who^ like our hero, wUhed to 
be privately married. ^ 

In Plate VI. die fire breaking^ out, alludes^ to the 
fame accident which happened at Wbit^s^ May 3^ 
1733. I learn fiom a very indifferent poem defcrip* 
tive of this fet of plates (the title is unfortunately 

* It appeari, on examination of the Regiflen, &c« that 
Tho* Sice and Tbf. Horm are not fictitious names. Such people 
were really chnrchwardens when the repairs in 1725 were 
made. Tht following in&ription on the pew, denoting a 
vanlt beneath, it alio genuine, and, as far as can be known at 
prefent, was f jtithfully copied in regard to its obfolete fpelling, 


Part of thefe words, in raifed letters, at prefent form a panned 
in the wainfcot at the end of the right-hand gallery, as the 
church is entered from the ilreet.*— No heir of the FT/et fa- 
mily appearing, their vault has been claimed and ufed by his 
(jrace the Duke of F9rtUmd^ as lord of the manor. The 
mural monument of the Ta^Urs^ compofed of lead gilt over, 
is likewffe preferved. It is feen, in Hogarth^s print, juft under 
the window. The bifhop of the diocefe, when the new church 
was bui{ty gave orders that all the ancient tablets (hould bef 
^Uced^ as nearly as poffiblci in their former iituations. 


r "« ] 

wanting), that Tome of the cbzraden in the foe 
^fore ut were real ones : 

** But fee the careful plain old man, 

" M- *, well known youth to trepan, 

** To C — ~~~/h + lend the dear bought pence^^ 

•* C Jh, quite void of common fcnfe, 

** Whofe face, unto his foul a fign, 
" Looks ftupid, as docs that within. 
" A quarrel from behind cnfucs, 
" Tho furc retreat of thofe that lofc. 
" An honeft 'Squire fmells the cheat, 
" And fwears the villain ftiall be beat : 

" But G Jd wifely interferes, 

*' And diffipates the wretch's fears." 
The original Ikctch in oil for this fccne is at Mr*. J 
Hagarth's houfe in Leicejler-fields. The principal* 
charafter was then fitting, and not, as he is at prefent, i 
thrown upon his knees in the aift of execration. 

The tiiought of the lofing gamcftcr pulling his hat 
over his brows is adopted from a Gmilar charafter 
to be found among the ^gures of the principal pcr- 
fonagcs in the court of Louii XIV. folio. This work 
has no engraver's name, but was probably executed 
about the year 1700. 

Plate VII. The celebrated Brccaria, in his '* Effay 
*' on Public Happinefs," vol. H. p. 172, obferves, 

• Old Manacn, hrotbcr to the htc Duit af SuilaniL 
i The oid Duke of Dcvenfiiin loll the great cflule of Lri. 
ajiir abbtjf to him at the garni tig-tablc, Mattatn was the only 
peifon of bis time who had amalTed a confiderablc funuue by 
the profcllioa of « gatncftcr. 

I^Xmei fenfible there are pierfofjs whom it will bf 
f' difficult for me to perfuade ; I qnean tbpfe pin)^ 
^f found contemplator^j wbp» (including themfelve^ 
f^ from (heir fell^w-crea^ures, are a^duQuily em- 
f^ ploye4 \n fram^c^g Igws fpr theqt), and who fre* 
<< quently Qegled th^ fare of their dcuQefttc and 
^^ private coocer^^ t^ preferihe to empbet that fom 
f^ of government, ip whiph tViey imagine that dief 
^' ought to fubmit. The .celebrated Hogarth hatk 
^^ reprefentedy \x\ one of his moral engravings, z 
^^ young n^an whp^ after baying fquandered away hii 
^* fortuinSy is, by his creditors^ lodged in a gaol.» 
f ^ There he fits, melancholy and difconcerted, near a 
'< table, whilil a fcroll lies under his feet, and bears 
^f the following title : * being a new fcheme . fbr 
f ^ paying the debt of the nation. By T. L. now a 
^ prifoner in The Fleet J'^ 

The Author of the poem already quoted^ intimates 
that the perfonage in the night-gown was meant for 
fome real character : * 

•* {iis wig was full as old as he, 

** In which one curl you could not fee, 

*' His nepkcloth loofe, his beard full grown, 

^' An old torn night-gown not his own. 

^^ L , great fchemift, that can pay, 

** The nation's debt an eafy way.'' 

In Plate VIII. (which appears in three different 
ilatcs) is a half-penny reverfed (ftruck in the year 
1763) and fixed againft the wall, intimating, that 
Britannia hcrfelf was fit pnly ,fo« a tnad-baufe. This 




He ^^B8^I 

was a circiimftancc inferted by our arrift (as he arU" ^ 
vcrtilea) about a year before his death. I may add, 
that the man drawing lines againll the wall juft ov«r : 
the half-penny, alludes to Whijion's propofcd methotl 
of difcovering the Longitude by the firing of bombs, 
as here reprefented. The idea of ihe two figures- at . 
each comer of the print appears to have been taken 
from Cibbcr's llatues at Bedlam, The faces of the two i 
femaicB arc alfo changed. That of the woman with ; 
a fan, is entirely alreri;d ; fhc has now a cap on, in- 
ftead of a hood^ and is turned, as if fpeaicing to the 

Mr. Gilpin's opinion concerning this fet of prints 
is too valuable to be omitted, and is therefore tran- 
fcribcd Ilclow *". The plates were thus admirabl/ 
Uluftrated by Dr. jchn Hoadly. 


• " The firA print of ihis capital work ii an excellent re- 
'* prefcntaiion of a young h<;ir, taking pofTeilion of a mifer'i 
" effect. Tlie paiTion of avarifc, which hnardj every thtnj;, 
•* without diliiniition, what is aiid what is not valuable, w ad- 
*' mirably drfcribcd. — The cemfojiiiim, though not excellent^ 
•• ii not unplealing. The principal group, confining of the 
" yming gcnileman, the taylor, the appraifer, the papcrt, 
" tad cteft, i» well duped : but the eye is hurt by the dif- 
** agreeable regularity of three heads nearly in a line, and »t 
•' equal diftances. — The light is not ill difpofed. It falls on 
•* the principal figures : but the effcft might have been im- 
** proved. If (he exircmc parta of ihe maft (ihe white apron 
" on one fide, and the mcnurandum-book on tljc other) had 
" been in fliade, the rrpa/t had been Icfs injured. The de- 
" lached parts of a group ihould rarely catch a Urong body of 
*' light. — Wc hare no rtrikiiig inftanccs of ixfrrj^n in thi^ 
'* print. The principal figure it unmcming. The only one, 
" wbieh difplays the iiat i/U ctmUa ai Hnjarih,\t the nppraifer 
*' fingering 

[ 221 ] 


O Vanity of Age^ untoward. 
Ever fpleeny, ever froward ! 


^^ fingering the gold. You enter at once into bis charaAcx« 
'* — ^The young woman might have funiiflied the arcift with 
'* an oppoitunity of pre&nting a -graceful figure ; whicK woi^d 
^* have been more pleafing* The figure he has introduced, is 
^^ by no means an objedi of allurement.-^The perJpeHhH is 
'* accurate, but ^affe^ed. So many windows, and open doprs, 
** may (hew the author's learning ; but they break the back 
^^ ground, and injure the fimplicity of it. 

'* The decoad print introduces our hero into all the difli-* 
^' pation of modifli life. We became firft acquainted with 
** him, when a boy of eighteen. He is now of age ; has 
•• entirely thrown off the clownifh fchooUboy ; and afiumes 
^* the man of fafliion. Inftcad of the country taylor, who 
** took roeafure of hira for his father's mourning, he is now 
** attended by French barbers, French taylors, poets, milUncrs, 
'* jockies, bullies, and the whole retinue of a fiae gentleman. 
** —The exfrejfion^ in this print, is wonderfully great. The 
** dauntiefs front of the bully ; the keen eye, and elafticity of 
** the fencing- mafter; and the fimpering importance of the 
•• dancing-mailer, are admirably exprclTcd. The laft is per- 
** haps a little tfJK/r/. The architect * is a ftrong copy from na- 
•* ture. — ^Thc compofuion Iccras to be entirely fubfervient to th« 
** expreffion. It appears, as \i Hogarth had fiwetched^ in his 
•• memorandum -book, all the characlcrs which he has here 
•* introduced ; but was at a lofs how to group them; and 
^* chofe rather to introduce them in detached figures, as he 
•' had fltetched them, than to lolc any part of the exprellion 
•' by combining them. — The light is ill diilributed. It is 
^' fpread indifcriminarely over the print; and deftroys the 
•* KMhole — ^We have no indance of grace in any of the fvgiires. 
•* The principal figure is very deficient. There is no contra (I 
^ in the limbs ; which is always attended with a degree of 
•* ungracefulnefs. — Tlie execution is very good. It is elabo- 
** rate, and yet free. — The fatire on operas, though it may be 
** well directed, is forced and unnatural. 

** The third plate carries us llill deeper into the hiilory, 

♦ T\\<i arcbite^l Mr. C/7//>rTncaiis^-<hc ^ar^/^Trr. 


Ifrhy tliefe Bblts, and mafly chains^ 
Squint fufpicions, jcalcAis Pains ? 


** We meet 0ur hero efigstged in one of h?! e^eftxag amufe- 
** meots. This print, on the whole^ is no very extraordbary 
^ effort of genius. — The difign is good ; and niay be a very 
*^ exad defeription of the huffioun of a brotheU— The ccm^- 
** pafiUn too is not amifs. But we bare few of cKofe mafterly 
** llrokes which difiinguifli the works of Hogarth. The whole 
*^ IS plain hiftory. The lady iettmg the world on fire is the 
*' beil thought : and there ii fome humour in fumi(hing the 
** room with a iet oiCsefars \ and not placing theili in order. — 
** The light is ill managed. By a few alterations, which are 
•• obvioufy particularly by throwing the lady drcfling into 
'* the fhade, the difpofition of it might have been tolerable. 
** But dill we fliould have bad aaf dbfurdrty to anfwer^ whence 
'* comei it ? Here is light in abundante ; but no viiible 
*• fource. — KxprcJJion we have a little through the whole 
<* print. That of the principal figure is the belt. The ladiet 
** have all the nir of their profeflion ; but no variety of cha* 
•* rafter. HogartV s ^^orntn are, in general, very inferior to 
•• his men. For which rcafon I prefer the Rakers Prcgrefs to 
** the Harlot*!. The female face indeed has feldom ftrcngth 
.'* of feature enough to admit the ftrong markings of cx^ 
*• predion. 

** Very difagrccable accidents often befall gentlemen of 
" pleafure. An event of this kind is recorded in the fourth 
*• print ; v.hich is now before us. Otir hero going, in full 
'* drefs, to piy his compliments at court on St. DaviJ's day, 
*' was accoftcd in the rude manner which is here reprefentcd* 
*• -—The compojiiion is good. The form of the group, made 
" up of the figures in aftion, the chair, and the lamp-lighter, 
•* is pltaling. Only, here we have an opportunity of re- 
*• marking, that a group is difgulVmg when the cxiremitica 
•* of it arc heavy, A group in fome rcfpc<5l fliould refemble 
•* a tree. The heavier part of the foliage (the cap as the 
'* landfcape painter calls it) is always near the middle; the 
•• outfide branches, which arc relieved by the fky, arc light 
** and airy. An inattention to this nile has given a hcavincfs 
•* to the group before us. The two bailiffs, the woman, and 
^ the cbairmaoi aix all huddkd together in that pirt of the 

" group 

C «3 1 

Why^ thy toiUbme Journey <f er^ 
X^y'ft thou in an uTelefft ftore ? 


<< group which flionld have been tile lif hteft ; while the mid« 
^' die part, where the hand boldi the door, wants ftrength 
** and con&fleoce. It may be added too, that the fotir beads, 
*^ in the form of a diamond, make an unpleafing (hape« All 
** regular figures fliould be ftudioufly avoided««^The light had 
^* been well diftributed, if the bailiff holding the arreft, and 
'*the chairman, had been a little lighter, and the woman 
' * darker* Th^ glare of the white apron is difagreeaUe*— * 
'* We have, in this print, fome beautiful infiances of exfrif* 
*•/»«. The furpriie and terror of the poor gentleman is ap- 
** parent in every limb, at far as is confident with the fear of 
'* difcompofing his dreft. The infolence of power in one of 
*< the baillSt, and the unfeeling heart, which can jeft with 
<* mifery, in the other^ are ftrongly marked. The felf-impor* 
^' tance too of the honeft Caminam is not ill portrayed ; who 
^* is chiefly introduced to fettle the chronology of the ftory.— 
'' In point of gracc^ we have nothing flriking. Hogarth might 
** have introduced a degree of it in the female figure : at leaft 
^* he might have contrived to vary the heavy and unpleafing 
** form of her drapeiy.^— The perJpeBi*ve is good, and makes 
** an agreeable (hape. — ^I cannot leave this print without 
*' remarking the fsUing hand'hox. Such reprefentations of ' 
*^ quick motion are abfurd ; and every moment the abfurdity 
^* grows flronger. You cannot deceive the eye* The falling 
<* body muft appear noi to falU Objeds of that kind are be- 
*' yond the power of reprefentation. 

<( Difficulties crowd fo fall upon our hero, that at the age 
^* of twenty-five, which he fccms to have attained in the fifth 
** plate, we find him driven to the necefEty of marrying a 
^* woman, whom he detefls, for her fortune* The compofition 
-*' here is very good ; and yet we have a difagreeable regu- 
** lariry in the climax of the three figures, the maid, the 
*' bride, and the bride- groom* — ^The light is not ill diftributed. 
*' The principal figure too is graceful; and there is ftrong 
-** expreffion in the feeming tranquillity of his features^ Ue 
^* hides his contempt of the object before him as well as he 
'* can ; and yet he cannot do it* She too has ns much mcan-> 
'* ing as can appear thro' the deformity of her features... -l^e 

'* clergyman's 

tiopi aldliglrith Ttmi is flown^ 

Nor omit thou reap tht field chou^ft ibwii. 


. *' clcrgyilS9iiS ficce.U'c are all well aequjihitdl with, and a}fo his 
'* wig; thp wt cannot pretend to fayi where we have feen 
*^ either* The clerk toa is an admirable fellow .-^The pet* 
^^jpe^wt is well underAeod ; but the church is too fmall * ; 
'* and the wooden po(i^ which faeros to have no ufe, divides 
•* the pii^urc very dilagreeably. — The creed loft, the com- 
** mandiiicnts broken, and the poor^s-box obftru^ted by a 
*' cobweb, are ail excellent flrokes of fattrical hunionr. 

** The fortune, which our adventurer has juft received, 
^' enables him to make one puflT more at ti>e garning-table. 
** He is exhibited, in the fixth print, venting cniics on his 
** folly for having loft his lull ftakc .-^-This is upon the vvhole^ 
*' perhnps, the bed print of the fct. The horrid fccne it 
*^ dcfcrihes was ncv«r more inimitably drawn« The compo* 
^^fitioH is. artful, and natural* \i the fliape of the whole be 
** not quite pleating, the figures are fo well grouped, and 
** with fo much eaie and variety, that you cannot take 
•* offence. — In point of light, it is more culpable. There is 
** not (hade enough among the iigures to balance the glare, 
** If the neck-cloth and uecpers of the gentleman in mourn - 
*' ing had been removed, and his hands thrown into fliadc, 
j even that alone would have improved the cffccl. — The rA- 
** /''C^^"> *n almoli every figure, is admirable ; and the whole 
*' is a firong reprefcnfation of the human mind in a frontu 
"** Three ftages of that fpccic> of madnefs, which attends 
** gaming, are here dcU rihcd. On the \\v\i (liock, all is in- 
** ward difmay. The ruined garacftcr is rcprelenting^ 
** againft a wall, with his arms acrofs, loil in an agony ot 
*' horror. Perhaps never palfiun was dcfcribcd with fo much 
♦* force. In a fliort time this horrible gloom burfts into n 
•* (iDrm of fury : he tears in pieccb what coTnc*^ next him ; 
>♦ and, kneeling down, invokes curfes uj>on himfclf. He nex: 
•'attacks others; every one in his turn whom he imagines 
•** to have been inilrumtntal in iiis ruin. — The eager ]oy ur 

• I am authorized to ohfcrvc, that thi^ is no fault in our ta'.i^. TI r 
old ohurch at MarjSom w»)> fo iiitic, that \i \voui«i have '*:o«hI u'-riiin 
the walU of the picfent uae, leaving at the fame :imc lut):.''Ar.t locin U.i 
4 walk round It, 

** the 

C "5 ] 

Haft thou t ibfi ? In time be wlfc^ 
tie riews thy tml with othet. eyes. 


'< the wincitflg fpAktltmi tUe itieHtibi of flie dfuKr, die 
*' vehemence of the wttchmtn^ and: the profound rdveri^ of 
^' the highwayman^ are all admirably marked. There U 
'* great coolnefi t6o ex^r^ed in the liillt we fee of the ht 
** g^leman at the end of the Mblle, The figure oppofing 
** the mad-man is bad i it hat a dfnnk^ J|^>eafaa^ ; and 
*' dninkennefii is not the vice of a gaming-table. — The prin- 
*' cipai figure ii iB'Jrawfk. Th6 peffikal'oe is formal ; and 
'* the execution but indiiFerent t id hei^tening bit expreflion^ 
^* HogMTtk has loft his fpirit. 

*< The ieventh plate, which gives us the view of a jail, hat 

^* very little in it» . Marty 6f the efarcumftancet^ whkh may 

^ weU be (uppoied to bcreafe the mifery of a codfinf d debtor^ 

<^ are well contrived ; but the fruitful genius of Hogarth^ I 

«< (hould thlnt,' might have trestted the ftibje'd in a niore cO'- 

^' pious manner. The epifode of the fainting woman might 

** have given way td ftiarty cifcumftandes mofe proper to tfie 

«< occaflon. This it the fame woman, whom the rnke difcardt 

^* in the flrft print ; by whom he is refcued in the fourth j 

^* who it ptefent at his marriage ; who follows him into jail ; 

^* and^ laftly^ to Bedlam, The thought is rather unnatural^ 

'* and the moral certainly culpable.— The cohtpojiihd is bad. 

^* The group of the woman faihting id a round heavy mafs s 

<< and the other gfoup is very ill-(haped. The light could not 

*^ be worfe managed . and^ as the grouf^s are contrived, can 

*' hardly be improved. — In the pHncipal figure there is great 

^^ exfreffioHi and the fainting fcene is well defcribed. — A 

** fcheme to pay off the national debt, by a id in who cannot 

*^ pay his own \ and the attempt of a lilly r^kc, to retrieve 

^ his affairs by a work of genius ; are admirable ftrokes of 

'* humour. 

*^ The eighth plate bringi the fortune of our hero t? a 
^* conclufion. It is a tery expreffive reprefentitton of the 
^^ moft horrid fcene which human nature can exliiuit.— ^Ths 
'* eempefitioH is not bad. The group, in which the lunatic is 
*' chained, is well managed; and if ft had been cartied a 
^Mittle further towards the middle of the -pi^^nre, .md th: 
'* two wdmea (who (eem very oddly introduced) had been 

Q^ ** removed| 

Needs muft thjr Idady pettfrnal ctre^ . 
LockM jn thy chefts be buried .there? 
Whence then fhall flow that friendly eafe. 
That fecial couverfe, home-fidt peace. 
Familiar duty mxhoatt drcad^ 
Inftrudion from example bred. 
Which youthful minds with freedom mend. 
And with the fatber mix the friend f 
UncircumfcribM by prudent rules^ 
Or precepts of expenfive fchools \ 
Abus'd at home, abroad defpisM, 
Unbred, unlettered, unadvised ; 
The headftrong courfe of youth begun. 
What comfort from this darling fon ? 

** removed, both the compofition^ and the diftribution of 
** light, had been good.— The drawing of the principal figure 
** is a more accurate piece of anatomy- than we commonly 
<' find in the works of this mafler» The fMprtJjUn of the 
** figure is rather unmeaning ; and very inferior to the flrong 
** characters of all the other lunatics. The fertile genius of 
*' the arril> has introduced as many of the caufes of madnefs, 
** ns he could well have collcdlcd ; but there is lome tauto- 
** logy. There are two religionifis, and two ailronomers. 
** Yet there is variety in each ; and flrong exprejion in all the 
** charndters. The felf-fatisfa^iiooi und coBvidion, of him 
'* who has difcovered the longitude ; the mock majcfty of the 
** monarch \ . the moody melancholy of the lover ; and the 
*' fuperditious horror of the popifli devotee; arc all admirable. 
** —The perJpeBlve is fimplc and proper. 

" i fliould add, that thefe remarks are made upon the firft 
** edition of this work. When the plates were much worn, 
** they were altered in many parts. They have gained by the 
** alterations, in point of difign\ but have loft in point of 


t r^ 1 

r • 7 

•• "j; . . 

< •FVJi.«ft."'II; •- • 

Prp^eriiy fwith hatlot^s finlfes^ 
Moft plctfing wiien fte moft begu3e$) 
How fooD^ fwtetfoef can all thy thda 
Of fal/e^ gay, frantic^ loud, nnd'yfJSh^'^ 
Enter the improvid<id mind^ 
And Memory in fttters bind ;» * , 

Load Faiib and Xove with golden chain^ 
And fprinkle Leibe o'er the brain ! 

Pleajiire, b her i^ver throne^ 
Smiling coo^es^ npX comes alone j; vi 

Vemu comd with Her along. 
And fmooth Lyaus ever young ; 
And in their train^ to fill the prefs^ 
Come apifli Dance, and fwofn Escce/f^ 
Mechanic Honour, vicious Tafte, 
And Fafflnon in her changbg vcft« 

Plate III. 

O vanity of youthful bloody 
So by mifufe to poifon good ! 
fToman, fram'd for focial love, 
Faireft gift of powers above ; 
Source of every houlhold bleffing. 
All charms in innocence pofleifing--** 
But tum'd to Vice, all plagues above, 
FocL to thy Being, foe to Love ! 
Gueft divine to outward viewine, c 

Ablefi Minifter of Ruin 1 

Q^a And 

Affd ittonip no left of gift ^vine^ 
^ Sweet poifoQ of mifufed wine V^ 
l^th freedom led to every part^ 
And fecTcc chamber of the heart ; 
Doft thou thy friendly boft betray. 
And ikow thy rbtous gang the way 
To enter in with covert treafon. 
Overthrow the drowfy guard of realbn^ 
To ranlkck tke abandoned place^ 
Attd revel there in wild excels ^ 

P L A T X IV. 

O vanity of youttiful blood. 
So by mifufe to poifon good I 
Reafon awakes, and views unbarred 
The facred gates he watch'd to guard ; 
App1^6aching fees the harpy, Law^ 
And Poverty, with icy paw, 
Ready to feize the poor remains 
That Vice has left of all his gains. 
Cold PenUcnce, lame Afier-tbought, 
With fears, defpair, and horrors fraught. 
Call back his guilcy pleafures dead. 
Whom he hath wrong'd, and whom betrly'd. 

Plate V. 

New to the School of hard Mijhap, 
Driven from the eafc of Fortune's lap. 
What fchemes will Nature not embracd 
T* avoid Icfs fliamc of drear diftrefs ! 



[ a*9 ^ 

C^ili can the cbarms of youth beftowi 
And mafk defbnmty with ihow : 
Gold can avert the ftmg of Sbame, 
In winter^s anns create a flaqie ^ 
Can couple ^ouili with hoary aee^ 
And make anfipathies en^ge. . 


QoU, thou bright fon of FbahUf jfouret 


Of univerfal iotercourfe ; 
Of weeping Virtue foft redrefs^ 
And bluffing thofe who live to blefs ! 
Yet oft behold this lacred truft^ 
The topi of avaricious Luft : 
No longer bond of human kind, 
But bane of every virtuous mind. 

What chaos fuch mifufe attends ! 
Friendihip (loops to prey on friends ; 
Health, that gives relilh to delight. 
Is wafted with the wafting night ; 
Doubt and miftruft is thfown on Heaven^ 
And all its power to Chanfe is given* 
Sad purchafe of repentant tears, 
Of needlefs quarrels, endlefs fea|i. 
Of hopes of moments, pangs of yeifrs | 

Sad purchafe of a tortured ndnd 

At .... 

Xo an im^iforfd ffody ]o\iCA \ 

Plate VIL 
Happy the man, whofe conftant thought 
(Though in the fchool of hardihip taught) 

Caa fend IZ^mfmJr/jjvr^ back to fi^tcli . 
Treafufes from life's earlteft ftretdi s^ 
\(rho, fclf-approvihg, can review 
Scenes bf paft virtues, which fhine through 
The gloom of age, aod'cafl: a ray 
To gild the- evening of hb day ! 

Not fo the guilty wretch confin'd : 
Ko pleafures meet hit confcious mind ; 
No bleffings brought iroctt learly youth. 
But broken faith and wrefled truth. 
Talents idle and unus'd. 
And every truft of Heaven abus'd* 

In feas pf fad reflexion loft. 
From horrors fiiU to hoirrors tofs'd, 
Reafon the vellel leaves to fteer, 
And gives the helm to mad de/fair^ 

Plate VIII. 

Madnefs ! thou chaos of the brain ; 
What art, that pleafure giv'ft and pain ? 
Tyranny of Fancy's reign ! 
Mechanic Fancy ! that can build 
Yaft labyrinths and mazes wild. 
With rule disjointed, ihapelefs meafure, 
Fill'd with horror y fiird with pleafure ! 
Shapes of horror^ that would even 
Caft doubt of mercy upon Heaven I 
Shapes oi pleafure j that but feen 
Would fpl^t the ihaking fides oifpleen. 

O vanity of age ! here fee 
The ftaoip pf Heaven eSac'd by thee ! 

4 " ' The 

C *3« ] 

Q^teattznC oocirfe of footk thus nm. 
What cocifort £rom tkii darling fixi ^ 
Hb rtctliDg chaiu nidi tenor hear ; 
Behold Death grappling with defpair ; 
See him by thee to ran fidd. 
And curie Tbj^^ and oirfe thy GML 


On this occafioa alfo appeared an Svo pao^hlet, 
intituled^ '^ The Rake*s I^rogrefs, or the Humoun of 
^ Dnuj-Lsm, a poem in eight canto*s» in lbJh> 
^ br^f^ck verfe, being the ramble of a modem Ox^ 
miM^ which is a complcar key to the eight prints 
lately publiflied by the celebrated Mr. Hogartk.^^ 
The fecond edition with additions^ particularly an 
epiftle to Mr* Hcgarib,*^ vczs " printed for J. Cba^ 
^« wood J and (old at In^c Jonej^^s-Hcad agoinft Extier 
^' Change in T7)e Strand^ ^735*" 1^^^^ >$ a moft 
contemptible and indecent performance. Eight prints 
are inferred in fome copies of it ; but they arc only 
the defigns of ffcj^JT/ib murdered, and perhaps were 
not originally intended for the decoration of the work 
already defcribed. 

The original paintings, both of the Rake's and 
Harlot's Progrefs, were at Fontbill^ in Wilijbire^ the 
feat of Mr. Beckford*^ where the latter were dclv* 
troyed by a fire, in the year 1755 ; the former fc|t 
was happily preferved. Mr. Baidts^ of Rippon^ io 
Torhjhirty has the Harlot's Progrcfs in oil. It 
muH, however, be a copy, Mr. Beckfurd has alfo 

* Aftcrwardi twice )or<t mayor ofZ^nd^n. See p. 44% • 

(^4 twenty- 

r »j' 1 

twenty-five heads from the Cartoons by Hogarih, fbf 
u'btch he paid twcncy-five guineas. 

There is reafon to believe that Hagarth OQCe,de- 

• figned to have introduced the ceremony of a Mar* jH 
riagf Contrail Into the Rake's Progtefs, inftead of the JH| 
Ltvte. An unfiniflicd painting of this fcene isftill ••^ 
prefcrvcd. Wc have here the Rake's apartment as 
now exhibited in Plate II. In the anti-room, among 
other figures, wc recognize that of the poet who at 
prefent congratulates our hero on his acceffion to 
Wealth and picafurc. The bard is here waitmg with 
an cpilhalamiiini in his hand. The Rake has added 
connoilTcurlhtp to the refl of his expen6ve follies. 
One of his purchafes is s canvas containing only the 
rcprefcntation of a human foot. [Perhaps this cir- 
cumflancc might allude to the dilTeftion of Arlaud's 
LtJa. Sec Mr. Walpole't Anecdotes, &c. vol. IV. 
p. 39.3. A fecond is lo obfcure, that no objeAs in 
it are difccmible. (A performance of (he fame 
defcription is introduced in our artift's Piquet, or ViV" 
t:ie in Danger.^ A third prefents us with a Madona 
looking down with fondnefs on the infant (he holds 
in her arms [This feems intended as a contraft 
to the grey- headed bride who fits under it, and 
is apparently paft child-bearing.] The fourth is 
emblematical, and difplays perhaps too licentious s 
fatire on tranfubflantiation. The Blcflcd Virgin is 
ihrufting her bon down the hopper of a mill, in 
which he is ground by priefts till he iffucs out in the 
ftupc of the coofccrated wafer, fuppoTed by Catho- 



C Hi 1 

ficla ib eontidn the real frefitue. At a table <ti % 
coothlefs decrepit father, guardian, or match^maker, 
Joining the hand of the rake with that of the anti« 
quated female^ whofe face is highly expreffive of 


eagernefB, while that of her intended huiband is dU 
reded a contrary way^ toward a groom who is bring- 
ing in a piectf of plate won at a horfe-race *• On tho 
floor in front lie a heap of mutilated bufts^ Uc. 
which our -fpendthrift is fuppofed to have recent!/ 
purchafed at an audion. The black boy, who is 
afterwards met with in Plate IV. of Maniage Ala- 
mode, WflV tranfpla&ted from this canvas. He is 
here intfbdUced fupporting fuch a pidure of Gany* 
tnede as hangs againft the wall of the lady's dref* 
(ing-room in the fame plate of the (ame work. 


X. Two prints of Before and After. The two 

pi£bures, from which thefe prints are taken, were 

painted at the particular requeft of a certain vicious 

nobleman, whofe name deferves no commemoration. 

The hero of them is faid to have been deiigned for 

Chief Jufiice tViUes. Hogarth repented of having 

engraved them ; and almoll every poflefibr of his 

works will wiih they had been with-held from the 

public, as often as he is obliged to ihew the volume 

that contains them to ladies. To omit them, is to 

mutilate the colleAion ; tp pin the leaves^ on which 

they are pafted, together, is a circumflance that tends 

only to provoke curiofity ; and to difplay them, 

wpuld be tp fet decency at defiance. The painter 

* The isiv^ at tlut iatroduced in Plate IL 




C 'i* 3 

mfelf, or his employtm^-i 
piefeotationB, will forfeit the general praift; he t 
have gained by a choice of lefs offenfive fub 
W« have aa artiA of no common merit, who hM 
irequendy difgraccd his ikilt by fcenrs too tuxuria 
to appear in any fituation but a brothel ; and yet odc 
of ihe moft meretricious of his performances, but a fe«r 
years zgp, was exhibited by the Royal Academy. 
Thcfc prints, however, difplay almoft the only inftance 
in which Hogarth condelcended to execute a fubje£t 
propofcd to him ; for I am afTurcd by one who knew 
him Weil, that his obUiiiacy on thefe occa^ons has 
often proved iavioctble. Like Sbakffteare't JuUy, 

*' he would iKver follow any thing 

'• That other men began." 

In the later imprefHons from thefe plates, the 
fcroU-work on the head-cloth, Sec. of the bed, is 
rendered IndiflinA, by an injudicious attempt Co 
ftrengthcn the engraving. Mr. S. Ireland has the 
firft iketch in oil of " Before *." 

2. The Sleeping Corgregation. The preacher 
was defigned as the rcprefcntativc of Dr. De/aguHtru 
Thispiint was firft publHhed in 1736. It was after- 
wards retouched and impn^'ed-y by the author in 
1762, and is found in three different dates. In the 
firft, DiiU 4s* Men Droit is wanting under the King's 
Arms ; the angel with one wing and two pair of 

■ The originiltof both ire Kt the cirl of ^i^ru^^i feat 
ai RatfmmpUK, 

f 1 «ifii, for ibt fake of fotnc future edition of the prefent 
woffc, thcfc «>7^''Mv.TJM/J coDltl be afcertnincd. To me they 
>ie invilible, like ihoSe in the ic- published March /■ Fiscbkyi. ' 


duglii» tiiat fupports this oiotto, it fmoking a pipt^ 
and the lion has not his prefent magnificent genitalia 
In the feconcU the words already mentioned are 
added ; the angel's pipe is obliterated ; the infignia 
of the lion^s fex rende/ed oftentatioully confpicuow s 
and the lines of the triangle under the angel aie 
doubled The other diftinAions are chiefly fudi as ft 
reiteration of engraving would naturally produce^ hf 
adding flrength to the fainter parts of the compofi* 
tion. Changes of this flender kind are numberleb 
ID all the repaired prints of our artift. There k 
aUb a pirated copy of this plate. It is not ill exe- 
cuted, but in fize is fomewhat ihorter than its pte* 
deceflWf and has no price annexed. In the original 
picture, in the coUe&ion of Sir Edward fValpole^ 
the clerk's head is admirably well painted, and widi 
great force ; but he is dozing, and not leering at 
the young woman near him, as in the print. 

3* The Diftrefled Poet *• In a back ground, a 
pi&ure of Pope threihing (krll. Over the head of 


• In Thi Craftfman^ March il, 1736-7, occur), " This 
•* day is publiQied, price 38. a print reprefcnting a DiflrtUkd 
•* Poet* Alfo, five etchings, of different charadlers of heads 
*' in groups, yiz. a Chorus of Singers ; a pleafed Audience at 
*^ a Play; Scholars at a Led^ure ; and Quacks in Confukatioa ; 
^* price 6d* each. To be had either bound together with all 
** Mr, Hogarth* s late engraved works (except the Harlot'f 
•* Progrefs), or fingly, at the Golden Head^ in Lekffier FieUh ; 
** and at Mr BakeweWs^ printfeller, next the Horn Tavern^ 
^^ Fket'ftrtet** And Jfiril 1 and 9, 1737, ** Juft publiflitd, 
•* price 38. A print reprefcnting ^ Dtfirejed Poet, Defigned 
^* and engraved by Mr. Hogarth^ Alfo four etchings, viz, A 
*' pleafed Audience ; a Choms of Singers ; Scholars at a Lec« 
^* turc ; and a Confultation of Quacks^ price 6d. each To be 

«' bad 

t i5« 1 

• * 

Tcpe\ ^ -md^ P^^j ' Ijttters i out of his mouth 
comes Teni^ w£^ vict ; and under- Curll lies a letter 
direfbed — /^ Curll. The diftrefled bard is compofing 
Poverty^ a poem. At the bottom of the plate are 
die following lines from Tbe Dunciad^ I. 1 1 1 • 

Studious hp fate^ with all his books around. 
Sinking from thought to thought, a vaft profund I 
Plung'd for his fenfe^ but found no bottom there ; 
Then writ^ and flpunder'd on in mere defpsdr. 

.In the fubfequent impreffions, dated December 15 
1 740» the triumphs of Pope are changed to a view 
of the gold mines of Peru; and our hero of the 
garret is employed in celebrating the praife of Riches^ 
The lines already quoted are effaced. The original 
painting is at lor^ Grofvenor^s houie at Milbank^ Wejl^ 

i}. Right Hon. Frances Lady Byron. Whole 
length, mezzotipto. W. Hogarib pinxit. J. Faber 
fecit. The moft beautiful impreffions of thb plafe 
were commonly taken off in a brown colour. 

5. The fame, fhortcned into a three-quarters 

6. Confultation of Phyficians. Arms of the Un- 
dertakers. In this plate, amongft other portraits, is 

'* had at the GoUcn Head^ in I^icefter Fiel(is'^ and at Mr. Bake- 
*^ wcll\ jMint-fcIler, next the Horn Iqvcrt;^ in Fket-firtet. 
'* Where may be had, bound or oihcruiie, all Mr. Hogarth's 
•* latcener.ivcd works, viz. A Mlduij^hi Converfation ; Sauthm 
♦* ivark Fair ; the Rai€*i Froj^rcfs^ in eight prints ; a flecpy 
** Congregation in a Country Church; Before and After, two 
♦* prints.'* 

% the 

I H7 3 

-l)ie well-known one of Dr« Ward* (who was 
mlled Sj^t Ward^ from the left fide of his face 


* J^Jlma Ward WAS one of the younger fons of an ancient 
and refpe^tabie family fettled at Guijhorougb in 21»rit^irr» where 
he was born ibroe time in the laft century. He feeobt, from 
every defcription of him, to have had fmall advantages from 
education, though he indifputably poflefled no mean natural 
parts. The iirft account we have of him is, that he was aflb* 
ciated in partnerfhip with a brother named WiiUam^ as a diy- 
lalter, in Jhamts-fireet* After they had carried on this bull* 
nefs fome time, a fire broke out in an adjoining houfe, which 
communicated itfeif to their warehoufes, and entirely deftroyed 
ail their property. On this occafion Mr. iVitri^ with a goi- 
. tleman from the country who was on a vifit to htm, efcaped 
over the tops of the houfes in their ihirts. In the year 1717 
he was returned member for Marlborough \ but, by a vote of the 
Houfe of Commons, dated May 13, was declared not duly 
eleded. It is imagined that he was in fome meafure conneded 
with his brother Joijn Ward (who is ftigmatizcd by Mr. Fafe^ 
Dunciad III. 34,) in fecrcting and protecting illegally the pro* 
perty of fome of the South &ea dired^ors. Be this as it may, he 
fpon after fled from England^ relidcd fome years abroad, and 
has been frequently luppofed to have turned Roman Catholic. 
While he remained in cxilo, he acquired that knowledge of 
medicine and chemiilry, which afterwards was the means of 
railing him to a (late of affluence. About the year 1733 he 
began to pradile phyfic, and combated, for fome time, the 
united efforts of Wit, Learning, Argument, Ridicule, Malice, 
andjealoufy, by all of which he was oppofed in every (hape 
that can be fiiggcrted. At length, by fome lucky cures, and par- 
ticularly one on a relation of Sir Jofepb Jekyl Mafter of the 
Rolls, he got the better of his opponents, and was fuffered to 
praCtife undidurbed. From this time his reputation was eda* 
blilhed : he was exempted, by a vote of the Houfe of Com* 
mons, from being vifited by the ccnfors of the college of phy- 
iicians, and was even called in to the affidance of King George 
the Second, whofe hand he cured, and received, as a reward, 
a commiffion for his nephew the late General GanfeL It was 
his cuflom to diflribute his medicines and advice, and even 
pecuniary afliftancc, to the poor, at his houfe, j^a//i; and thus 


C *38 J 

hoDg tnarked of z claret odour); and diat 6t 
the elder Tojfbr ^, a noted oculift, with an eye on 
die head of his cane ; Dr. Pierce Dod ^^ Dr. Bam* 


ht tcqtiired confiderable popularity. Indeed, in tbefe parti* 
talari hit condu^ was entitled to eveiy degree of praife. With 
a ftero oatfide, and rough deportment, he was not wanting m 
benevolence. After a continued feries of fuccefs, he died DeCm 
2ty 1761, at a very advanced age, and left the fecrrt of his 
medicines to Mr. Page^ member for Chichefter^ who beftowed 
them on two charitable inAitutions, which have derired coo* 
fiderable advantages from them His will is printed in Hm 
GtfUkmm^s Mtgaxine^ 17^2, p. 208. 

* I was aflured by the late Dr. Johnfon^ that Wkri was the 
weakeft, and Taylor the moft ignorant, of the whole empiric 
tribe. The latter once alTerted, th-Jt when he was at &. P«« 
urjhurg^ he travelled as far as Archangel to meet Prince Ibrtm^ 
iamtm* Now Archangel being the extreme point from jBstp* 
feoM Afia^ had the tale been true, theorulift muft have march* 
cd fo far backwards out of the route of Prince HeracUms^ whofe 
name he had blundered into Herculaneum. 

The prefent likenefs of our ocuIiA, however, we may fup« 
pofe to have been a ilrong one, as it much refembies a meue* 
tinto by Faber^ from a pi£turc painted at Rome by the Che« 
valier Riche. Under it is the following infcription : *' Jomaaa 
** Te^lor^ Medicus in Optica expert iiTiinus multifque in Aca* 
*' demiis celeberrimis Socius." Eight Latin verfet folioWy 
which are not worth tranfcription. Taylor made prefentt o£ 
this print to his friends. It is now become fcarce. 

f One of the phyficians to St. Bartholomew's Hofpital. H^ 
died Auguft 6, 1754. His merits were thus celebrated by 
Dr. Theobald^ a contemporary phyfician : 

** O raro merito quern jundla fcientta dudum 
** lUuflrem facris medico fiellam addidit orbi 
** Aufpiciis, pura nunquam non luce corufcc ! 
•* Utcunque incolumem virtutum averfa tueri 
** Genu humana folet, non ni poft fata corona 
'^ Donandam merita, potitus melioribus aftrisy 
♦« Inridia major, tu prxfens alter haberis 
^' Hi^ooratesy pleno jam nunc cumulatus honore* 

t *39 1 

tkf *; und odier phyficians of that dme. The 

cfigun with a bone in its hand^ between the tw^ 
d«mi-do&ors (u e. ?^i!^ and Ward), is faid to 

'have been defigned for Mrs. Mdpp, a . fsuiious maf- 
GUliflc woman^ who was called the bone*fetter, or 

-ftape-miflrefs. ; I am told^ that many of her ad- 
vnri&mentf may be found in Mi^s> Jaumaly and 
fiill more accounts of her cures in the periodical 

ipiiblications of her time. Her maiden name was 
fyaUm. Her father was alfo a bone-fetter at Hindon^ 
Wiks i but quarrelling with him^ flie wandered about 
die 'country, calling herfelf crazy Sally. On her 
Ibocefs in her profeffion ihe married, Auguft ii^ 
1736 f, one Wll Mapp, a fervant to Mr. Ibbitfm^ 
inercer on Ludgate-HilL In moft cafes her fuccefs 
Wit rather owing to the flrength of her arms, and 
the boldnefs of her undertakings, than to any know* 
ledge of anatomy or (kill in chirurgical operations. 
The following particulars relative to her are collet* 

** Te fen, corporea tandem compage foluta^ 

'* Accipiet, do6tis clarctceatem artibus, alta 

^ (Ui fphaera fenis ; Icu tu venerabilis aureo 

** Romani Celfi rite effulgebis in orbe ; 

^* O fit adhuc tarda ilia dies, fit tarda, precamur^l 

*' Ilia dies, noflriset multum ferior annis, 

'* Cum tiia mens, membris fedudta fluentibus, almas 

'* Advolct, angelicis imtnixta cohortibus, arces ! 

** Hie potius Mufas, thematis dulcedine captas, 

^ Deledia, atquc ai^di laudes vel ApoiUne dignas,*^ 

* A celebrated anatomifl, phydciany and man-midwifir, X9 
^holie eftate the prefent Gafcoyne ^imily fucceeded, and whofe 
. Aimame has been given as a Chriftian name to two of them. 

\ Some indifferent veri'es on this event were printed in The 




I «40 3 
tfhe Grub'jirett Jounutly &e. tad ftrvel 
Jcafl to fhew, that fhe was a character confidcrable 
enough to dcrerve the fatire of Hcgartb. 

Jt^uji 19. 1736, " We hear that the Iiulband dt y 
" Mri, Mapp^ the famous bonc-fctter at Efi/tm, T2a^ ' 
** awa)' from her laft week» taking with htm up- 
** wards of 100 guineas, and fuch other portable 
" things as lay next hand*" 

" Several letters from Efifem mention, that the 
" footman, whom the female bone-fetter marri^ 
** the week before, had taken a fudden journey frorti 
" thence with what money his wife had earned ; and 
** that her concern at firft was very great : but foon 
•* as the furprize was over, Ihe grew gay, aiwl 
" fcemed to think the money well difpofed of, as ic 
<* was like to rid her of a bufband. He took juft 
** lOZ guineas." 

The following verfes were addrcffcd to h*r m^ 

** Of late, without the leaft pretence to Ikill, 
'* Ward's grown a fam'd phyfician by a pili • j 

• GeDcrjl Chnrehill wa) " the primsry puffer of IFkr^t 
pill at court t" "id l-oii Chief Baron ReyneUi foon after pub- 
liQied *' itt miraculoiii cffedi on a maid letvant," it I learn 
by fome doggrel verfct of Sir WiUi*m Brtvmt, addreflcd to 
*' Dt. fTarJ, aQ^ack, of merry memory-," under the title of 
•* ThePill-Plot ; On TJe Daily Cnrait'i miratnlousDifcovery, 
•' Upoo tbe evcr*meniorable i8ih dsy of Ifo-vtmitr 17J4, from 
•' the Doflor hinifclf being a Papift, and difiribming hi* Tilll 
" to the poor ^aiii, by the handi of the Lady Gagt alfo a Pa- 
" pid, (hat [he Pill mud be beyond all duubc a deep-laid Plot, - 
" 10 introduce popcry." J~ 

[ HI 3 


'^ Yet he can but. a doubtful honpur claim/ 
*' While envious Death oft blafts his rifing fame* 
*' Next traveird Taylor^ fiU'd us with furprize, 
'^ Who pours new light* upon the blindeft eyes ; 
^^ Eachi journal tells his circuit thro' the land i 
**' Each journal tells ttie bleffings of his hand : 
" And left fome hireling fcribbler of the town 
^' Injures his hiftory, h^ writes his own. 
•* We read the long accounts wifh wonder o*er ; 
'* Had he wrote lefs, we had believ'd him more. . 
'• Letthefe, OMappl thou wonder of the age ! 
'* With dubious arts endeavour to engage : 
*^ While you, irregularly ftridl to rules, 
** Teach dull collegiate pedants they are fools : 
** By merit, the fure path to fame purfue ; 
** For all who fee thy art, muft own it true/' 
September 2, 1736, '* On Friday feveral pcrlbns, 
*' who had the misfortune of lamenefs, crowded to 
*' The White^hart Inn^ in White-chapel^ on hearing 
*' Mrs, Mapp the famous bone-fetter was there* 
" Some of them were admitted to her, and were 
*• relieved as they apprehended.* But a gentleman, 
*' who happened to come by, declared Mrs. Mapp 
" was at Epfonii on which the woman thought pro- 
** per to move off.'* 

September ^^ 1736* ** Advertifement. 

" Whereas it has .been induftrioully (I wifti I 

•« could fay truly) reported, that I had found great 

** benefit from a certain female bone-fetter's per* 

f ^ formaDCCji and that it was to a want of refolution 

R ^' to 


ti^o the operation, that I did not meef- 
'* with a pcrfcft cure : this is therefore to ^ve no- 
•* rice, that any pcrfons affliflcd with lameucfs (wh<r 
" are willing to know what good or harm others 
*' may receive, before they venture on dcfpcrjte 
'* mcafurcs thcmfelves) will be welcome . any morn- 
** ing to fee the dreffing of ray leg, -which was 
" found before the operation, and they will then be 
*•■ able to judge of the performance, and to whom I 
*' owe my prefent unhajipy confinement to my bed 
" and chair. 

•• Themaj Barber^ Talloiw-chancllcr, Ba^ren-kiii.** 
Seftember i6, i'ji6f"0aT&ur/djy, Jlfin. Ma/^'t 
" plate of ten guineas wa* run for at F.pfom. A 
" mars, called ' Mrs. Mupp* won the firft heat ; 
'* when Mrs. M.if>f gave the rider a guinea, and fworc 
"'if he won the plate (he would give him loo; but 
** the fecond and third heat was won by a chcllnut 
" marc." 

" We hear that the hiifband of Mrs. Mapp i| 
** returned, and has been kindly received.'' 

Sepitnibtr 23, 17^6, " Mrs. Mapp continues mi 
•* ing extraordinary cures: flic has now fet up 
'' equipage, and on SuriJay waited on her Majel!y." 
Saluniay, OSiobcr i6^ .7.36, *' Mrs. Mapp, (he 
" bonc-fclter, wjth Dc. Taylor^ the oculift, was at 
** the pliy-houTc in Uhcolni-lnn FieUt, to fee x 
" comedy called ' The Hufband's Relief, witi 
" ihft Female Bonc-fctter and Worm Dodor;' which 
" occa(iont4 


'* gram:, •• : - 

7 Wbtl« Md^ to'dk" adori'ihewM a leibd. f»gat*d/ 
*• On one fide TayUr fat; oh' th«ft other W»4i 
^* When Acir mock perfohs of the Dfatttt' ikmti 
* Both fTarrf arid "Fttylor thought it hurt their yJi^ % 
** Wondcr'd how Mapp coifd in good humour bc-^' 
" Zoons! cries' the manly dame, it hurts not m$; 
^ QuaclTs without art' riiay either blind of kill j^ 
** Buf • ddmonjlrafion AewV that mine xsjkltV^ 

■♦''*••'.«■ . ■ 

^^ And; the following was fung'UpOn th$ ftage r^ 

•* You furgeons of London^ who puz2;lc your pates^ 
** To ride in your cteibhes, dftd potchafe etlates/ 
** Grive over, for Ihame^' for yo\ir pride ha^ a fall,' 
'^ Aad the do£trefs of Effim has outdone yo\i all; 

*^ Detry U^rii hcQi 

^ Whaf (ignifTes learftin^, of ^omg to fthodl/ 
^^ When a" woman caii db^ wlthdtrt reafoli or f\x\ii 
" VV6fit polta'you^W nonplus, arid bliflles yoiir art/ 
^* For petticoit-pfadtide hiitoW gcftthd ftart'.- 

^^ In phyfics, a*s wefl as in fafhions, we find,^ 
**'The licweft ha4 alwayrthe riin'with mankind ; 

^ ♦ c« Thij^^aHud^ to fojpc furpfiztng pprcs'^lhi pccform^rt^ 




yean, and (luck out cwq ihcbes { a ntecejof Sir //iw ^jit^^ in' 

tTic^iricc co'ncfiVion i'^'arfd a* gtnfle'man'wKo wcjic witB one (hoj^^ 

Keel fix inches high/ having been lafn5 twenty y^rtbf^'hfi hip 

and knee, whom, (lie fet Hruit, an!l brought ^ii leg*doWo even' 

4n\Xi thr other;'* Gtnt. Mnf* i7}<5; pr. 617^^ 

C ^44 ] 

^ Forgot is the bultle 'bbiit iayhr and Ward% 
[y Horn iUd^'s all the cry^ and her fame's ott record. 

** Dame Nature has given her a dodtor's degree, 
f^ She get^ all the patients^ andipocjcto the fee ; 
^< So if yoU'^on't inftantly prove it a cheat, 
^^ She^l^U in her chariot, whilft yon walk the ftreet. 

" Derry dmvn, fee."' 

• ■ • • • • 

Oifoher 19, 1736, Lofidon Daily Po/i. " Mrs. 
'*'A&/^/, being prefcnt at the ading'of The WifeU 
'^ Relief y concurred in the univerfal applaufe of a 
*' crowded audience. This play was advertifed by 

the defire* of Mrs* Mapp^ the famous bone-fetter 

Qdober %lr I73^> ** On Ssiurdaj evening there 
^Vwas fuch a coacourfe .of people at . the Theatre^* 
** royal in UncobCs'hn Fields^ to fee: the famous 
" Mrs, Mapp, that fcveral gentlemen and ladies were 
'^ obliged to. return for want of room. The confu- 
** fion at going out was fo great, that fcveral gen- 
** tlcmen and laciics i^.ad their pockets picked, and 
" many of the latter loil their tans, &c. Ycfterday 
** fhc was elegantly entertained by Dr. Ward, at his 
*' houic in ra:!-Mal/:' 

*^ On Satinday and ycfterday Mrs. Mjpp per- 
" formed fevcral operations at The Grecian Qrffee- 
" boufcj particularly one upon a niece of Sir Hans 
** Sloancy to his great fatisfadion and her credit. 
** The patient had her flioulderbone out for about 
" nine years." 

♦' On 

■ 1 »•« *. *■ 

*' On Mstiday Mrs. ^JWSj^ performed two 'extra*' 

^* ordinary cures ; i>nc on a young laiy, oi;^be Tern* 
*^plei who had* feverdl bones out from * t&Ci knees to' 
^^ h^n toes, which flie J)uti^ia tKeir proper places': 
" and the other on -a •' butcfier, whofe^ iciied^patts' 
*^ were* ib mifplaced that he walked with his'-kn^i^g*' 
*f knocking one^sigainft* a'nmben YefterAy fhe- 
** performed feveral otlfti*' fift-prizing ouref^ ; -and • 
^* about ont fet out for £^>», and carried with her' 
^' feveral crutches^ which fhe calls trophies* of ho« 
"nour." '• r - 

November i8, 1736, •* Mrs; A&/(^, the famous 
** bone- fetter, has taken- lodgings in Pali-Mall^ near 
** Mr. Jo/hua Ward's, &c/* ' 

November ,2^, ly^f^^ 

** In thisjbright age three wonder*wodters rife, 
*^ Whofe operations puzzle all the wife* 
To lame and blind, by dint of manual flight, 
Mafp gives the ufe pf limbs, and Taylor fight* . 
But, grej^tci: Ward^ &c,'' 


r • 

December 16, 1736, " On Thurfday, Polly Peitchum 
** (Mifs Warretij that was filler to the famous Mrs, 
•* Mapp) was tried at The Old Bailey for marrying 
** Mr. Nicholas I her former hufband, Mr. Somers, 
*' being living, &c/* 

December 22, 1737, *^- Died laft week, at her 
" lodgings near The Seven Dials, the much-talked- 
** of Mrs. Mapp, the bone-fetter, fo miferably poor, 
*^ that the pariih was obliged to bury her.*' 

R 3 ' The. 

I ^ ! 

Tht plate is thus -lUiltrated by the engraver: 
K «3ipt (jimiylmf of Undertakers bearcth Sable, tn 
Ujriftti ffipptSTt between twelve Quack Heads of the 
fqfipod^ .aod twelve Cane Heads, Or» CoAfultaat* 
Oo 9> Chief *, Kebul^^ <f , ^mine, one compkic 
D^&or .]; iflUant^ cbectie, fuflaiaing in his lighc 
hiHid a baton of the feocnxL On his.dcacter and 
l^ptfter iidcs ^wo ^^^odor; UTuant p( ^ iecoodt 
and two C^pc Heads ifiiiaot of the third; die firft 
halving Qpe eye couohanty tow^rdf the dexicr fide of 
th; efcutgheon; thp fecf^^d faped per pale proper 
^d gules, guardant^ with this TOoao^Es fJwima 

I. The LcAure. " Datm vacmiai^*' Xbe pcribii 
reading is well known to be the bte Mr. Fi/her^ of 
Jefus CcUe%ey Oxford^ and Regiftrar of that Univer- 
fity- This portrait was taken whK the free confcmt 
of Mr. Fijheri who died March i8, 1761. There 
arc feme imprefRons'in which " Darur vacuum" is 
not piinred, that k-af being entirely blank; publifli- 
ed January 20, 1736-7; the oriicr Ahrcb 3, 1736. 

^ A ciiicf berol^jiexh a /en9i6r« o( honoucabl; pf.rfonnge 
borrowed trcHP tnt Crreks^ and is a word fignih'inj; a head ; 
«ild as the Iie«(! is rh^chief part of a maii, fofhcchietin i\.z 
«icmcl«f:o/) (Luuia be a rcrward of iucii o|)iy wh^-hii^b inrri^s 
fiavcpiocurcfi thci^i cliicf place, ell«:cin, or love aiuougll men. 

t The bf^trin^ of clouds ia armci (fatlh £,{»/««) 4oth ^tn- 
l^t fo;ve e4,rLik'nciCjr 

t Ori^iiiatiy piintcd /^<.4rr, but afterwardg altered in this 

t H? 1 

^ofartk at, firft piarked thcfc wor4s in wjth t, pen 
and ink. 

2. JEneas ip a Storm, The. following advcrtifemcnt 
appeared in T^feLqudonpaify Poji^ January 1711736-7. 
" *• This day i§ pubti0ied, price fixpencc, a hiero- 
** glyphical print called ^neasjn a Storm* 

'* Tanta haec 'mulier potuit fuad^e tq^loruoi. 
'^ Sold by the bookiellers and printfellers in towqi 
^^ and country* Of whom may be had^ a print called 
•** Tariuff^s Banquet ^ or Codex* s Entertainment. Pria 
■^' one ihilling. 

— **popvilv8 me fibitat, at mihi plaudo 

The fame paper mentions the King's arrival at 
Loejltffon the i6th of January y and afterwards at 
5/. Jameses on the 17th. 

The author of tUs print, whoever he was, did 
not venture to put his name to fo ludicrous a re- 
prefentatiop pfthetempeft which happened on King 
George tlie Second'§ retyrQ from Hanover. His Ma- 
jefty is fuppofed to have kicked his hafc overboard. 
This, it feems^ was an adtion cuftomary to him when 
he was in a paflion. To the fame circumltance 
Leveling jias alluded in his Sapphic Ode ad Carolurjt 
J3 . . . ^ *• 

Concinet ipajore poeta pledtro 
Georgium -f, quandoque calens furore 
XJeftict circa thalamum ferire 

Calce galerum« 

* Bunhmy. 

t The author had here left a blank| which I have ventured 
to fill up with the rojal name. 

R 4 I have 

I have been told, that Mr* Garrickf when he firft 
appeared in the charader of Bayes, taking the fame 
libercr, received inftantly fuch a meflage firom one 
oftheflnge boxes, as prevented him from pra&ifing 
fo infolcnt a ftroke of mimickry a fecond time. 

In fpite of the confidence with which this p^ate has 
been attributed to Hogarth, I by no means beliey^ 
it was bi« performance. It more refemblcs the 
manner of Vandergucht^ who was equally inclined 
to perfonal fatire, however his talents might be in- 
adequate to his purpofes. Witnefs feVcral Scattered 
defigns of his in the very fame ftvle of engraving. 
I may add, thar he always exerted his ta'ents in the 
fervicc of the Tory fa&ion. Befides, there is no- 
thing in the plate before us which might not have 
been exp^-fted from the hand of any common artift. 
The conceit of the blafts ifluing from the pofteriors 
of the JEcV'!tn tribe, is borrowed from one of the 
prims to Scarr n\ 'Travefiy cf Vi'git ; and the figure 
of Br::an>iij is altogether ir.fipid and unworthy of 
Thga^ih. Our artift alio w:i5 too nuich accuftomed 
to failing parties, and too riccurute an obferver of ob- 
jofts on The Thames^ not to have known that our 
Ro\ al Vrxhts arc vciTcls without three niails, &c. 

I. The Four Parts of the Day- • h.^ieKl^ii^paiaicdy 

N:s;..\ .-rMl n t'.\: ?v;y r:' ^rrL..-:^ A."t;c:Vc5 ii;c:t-.r.:: in a 
V . !\ I'o' r . ...>.j, i... I :o ; _■ ::■...: . : tiic ::::-.fcf ii:blc::hirg, 
h I't i.M :\^c I't'.^cr. . Afrcr :h. liihi'cripti^:?, to tc raifcc to 
!:vr .1'.. 'i:^-5 .1 nl-iCc, • • ■ 

C «49 J 

^fgroMd^ :and publijbed hy W» Eogarlh. Mr. Wslf$k 
obfervcs that thefe plates^ *^ except the lafl^are infe* 
rior to few of his works/', Wc have been told that 
HogartVs inclination to fatire once co$ hin^ a legaqr* 
It feems that thejfigure of the Old Maidj in the print 
of Mornings was taken either from an acquaiatanoe 
or relation of bis* ' At firft ihe was well enough Xattf* 
fied with her refemblance; butfome defigning pei> 
pie teaching her to be angry> Ihe ftruck the painter 
out of her will, which had been made confiderably in 
his favour. This ftory we have heard often related 
by thofe whom^ on other occafions^ we could* readily 
believe. In the fame print is a portrait of Dr. Rock^ 
who fornierly attended Coveni-Garden market every 

To the propriety of Hogarth^s having intra* 
duced a fcene of riot within Kin^s Coffee-bcufe^ 
the following quotation from ^be Weekly Mifcellany 
for jfuflegy 1739, bears fufBcient teftimony : ** Mok- 
,day Mrs. Mary Kinz of Covent^Garden was brought 
up to the King's Bench Bar at Weftminjler^ and 
received the following fentence, for keeping a dif- 
orderly houfe ; viz. to pay a fine of £. 200, ta^fuf- 
fer three months imprifonment, to find fecurity for 
.her good behaviour for three years, and to remain in 
prilon till the fine be pavd.*^ As it was impoffible 
Ihe could carry on her former bufinels, as foon as the 
time of her imprifonment was ended, ihe retired 
with her (avings, built three houfcs on Huverjiock 
hill, near Hampjiead^ and died in one of them, 5^- 


C «5* 3 

Mr. Walp^U MtiVft% that this piece, ^« £or wit and 
imagiiviticiny without any other end,'' is the beft of 
all our artift's. works. ^Mx.Woi>d ai IJttcItan has the 
originalp for which, he paid only 26 Guineas. 

•Dr. Trujlery in his explanation of this plate, is of 
opinion, that fome inceftuous commerce among the* 
performers is intimated by the names of CEdipus and 
Jocdfta appearing above the heads of two figures 
among the theatrical, lumber at the top of the bam.- 
j^Wt-furely there is no caufe for fo grofs a fup|K)iition» 
l^ffiQBcd prodigies of this defcription were neceiTary* 
y^<l^i performance of Lee*s CEdtpuu See Adt II. 
wl^erg.tUc' following ftage direction joccurs ; ^' The 
T ^Ipud draws, that veiled the heads of the figures 
1* in . the. ^Ly, and ihews them crowned, with the 
^^ VMOitt of CEdipuf and Jocajia written above, in 
V great charadlqrs of gold,'* The magazine of dra- 
ins, clouds, fcencs, flags, &c. or the woman half 
naked, was fufHcient to attradt the notice of the ruf* 
tick peeping through the thatch he might be employ- 
ed to repair. Neither is the pofition of the figures 
at all favQurable to the Doctor's conceit. Incefl 
w^s alfo too ihocking an idea to have intruded itfclf 
among the comic circumftances that form the prefent 
reprefcntaupn. When this plate was retouched a 
fecond time, a variety of little changes were made in 
it. In the two earlieft imprcffions the aftrcls who 
J erfonates Flora^ is grcafmg her hair with a tallow 
candle, and preparing to powder hcrfelf, after her 
cap, tenthcrs, &c. were put on. This iblccilm in the 
ij regular 

C «S3 3 


r^ular courfe of drefs is removed in the third oopf, 
the tip ttiid ornaments being there omitted. Tke 
•.coiffure of che female who;, holds the cat, is alfo 
lowered; and whereas at firft- we couki read in the 
play-biii depending from tiie truckle«>bed, that tlie 
part of Jupken was to be performed by Mt. Bilk^vit- 
lage, an additional Ihade in the modem copy rendeDs 
.this part lof'.tbjc infcription zHergible. - Seveml Boies 
•likewife in the thatch of the Barn are filled up ) and 
the whole plate has loft fomewhat of its clearaeft. 
The fame.cenfure is due tb'tfhe reparations* of xbt 
Harlot's and Raters fro^iffei.' Had Hogarth livi^ 
he would alfo have gradually deflroyed much of 
.that hiftory of drefs, &c, fc* which his defies have 
been juftly praifed by ^x.WdpoU. In the firft and 
laft fcenes of the Rak^s Progrefs^^ he began to adom 
the heads>of bis females in the^faihion* prevalent aft 
the time he retraced the plates. In ihort, the collet 
tor, who contents himfelf with the later imprcfiionk 
of his work, will not confultour artift^'sxeputatioif« 
Thofe. who wiih to* be acquainted with the wholfc 
extent of hifsp^wers, fhould aflcmble the firft copies; 
together with all the varieties of his capital works. 

It Several children oi 1 be Foundling Ho//>itali the 
boys with mathematical inftruments ; the. girls with 
/pinning .wheels. Over the door of the houfe they 
•come out af, are the KiogVarms. A porter is bring- 
.ing in.a.fchild, followed by Capt. Coram^ whofe be- 
Mvolent countenance * is directed towards a kneeling 

* Sec p. m6u^ 

... . . woman. 

t «5» 3 

Qb dr 1%^ land sa varv tf « dnrt^t 

wt a &!3§f diftauct i!Audbu mfmi cKpmed nest aTtrrr. 
Is lite htek tr tb? pidarcy i ^ t iljirni of ibri« 
fifiio|Ep W. liifMrti X9SU K. MurtL^ Jt Caztt jati^ 

ffi»rn f ht %s\A.m of Tfo /«mi^[^ HtjfBisi^ to d>o1b 
grBtkrn>rD 'W'b^ wtre appcKsrcd to irocnre fubkrijW 

fhrr » ^ictcd €« a half ibcet; 

n Tilt Erih^d Sfo6cuil9 Di^pad,' engr^irieJ^ 
mid fttbliflnd by HC /ii^^p^^. '' Mr JiJbm Fipn ; 
^ the firft hautboy ao&i Germm flute of his time, had 
^ nutnerom fcbolars . to each (tf «'hocD be deroced 
^ ai? hour every day#^ At nine inr the", mcrniiig'. he 
•* attrmlrd Mf# SpmAr/ ffMdf^b^ to the earl af 
^' that name. K he h3p{>cned to be out of tovn on 
'• any day, he- devoted that hour to anorher. One 
•* morning at that hoor he waited on Mr. r-^-#,-af- 
** n^vM'jvk IxnA r-i-i/f. He was-^nor tf p: Mn^Fejfft 
'^ 1^'cnt into hi$ chamber, and opening the (butter of 
'^ ji windo-iv, fat down wit- The figtire with the 
^' hautl^y was playing Onderthe wiodcfw. A marf, 
^* with a barrow fxAl of onioD^, came up to thie 
•* player, and fat on the edge of his barrow/ and 
•* faid to the man, * rf you will j4ay the Black J^if 
^^' I will give you this onion/ ^ The man pbjFed if. 

• Mr. Ftjlin has not bc«* dead ten yean. He waf1>rothcr 
AfllU H^'tH VI ho led ibe baad zxRrnitlagb^^ 

*' When 

A When he had (o done, the fnaa again de(ircd 
<* to play fomc other tune, an4 jhw be would giv« 
•* him another onion* f Tjbis/ feid F€ftm to iiic^ 
••* highly angered me ;: I cried out, Zp-^j.,iiri 
** flop here. Ihis fellpvv is' riijicirting my proitefljoni 
** he is playing on the hautboy for onions.' cBdng 
^' intimate with Mr, Hogariby^c mencioned tho cir^ 
'^ cumflance to him; which, as- he faid; vf» tbi^ 
'* origin of * The-enragi^dMufician*' Thef^Amay 
**. be depjended upon. MriFefiin ^ was himfelf cbf 


^ IR tKc lecond edition of thefc anecdotes, I had Taid " thi 
**, mufician was undoubtedly CVT^rvcr/ ;' though one gentle^ 
man alTured me it was Feraiini. The error is here ackncwjcdgc^^ 
to fl)ew the danger of receiving information upon truil. la 
the firll edition, -J had fallen inro a iefs' pardonable ir.iifakC, 
by fuppoting it \\9ii^Cuf;vrtto^ vvhc^i I d^ribcd to her thel 
laterydeacf. But •' Ho^aiWs niufician," as a friend on thnt 
occaiion fuggeiled to nie, '* ^* rcprefcntcd wrt"h' a violuj*; 
***wKcfcas C<r-i.Y//<;*j inllrunicnt was the yiolopcidlo; but, how* 
*• ever that may b'*',' he'ts now certainly Iwin'g. * lie lodges s3l 
•* Fribttrg's fnuff'fliop, in nr Haymarht^ and may be*feen e%eiy 
^* day at Tifif Orange CoJfviUup^ atthotf]^hV*Comptbti:dhiS lOtft 
♦•' yctnr in N^^tikher tySi." This extraordmarjr clfafa^er i& 
th<; Yn«ilicaK World came to En^lmtJ in the h\\T^ fi*6\l, and wA 
fhetfan old man*. He* fomr attc^r was engaged to play the bait ' 
at /)/«r)-iW/>r-iln;atTe, and corttinutd in thnt enip1o)*mcnt till* 
a fealbo or two |>fcv'idus to Mr, Varrick^s riftiring ifrom th^ 
ftage^ Hc*dicd /»//«' 14,- ^783, iii his iO^d^^ar;* One'even- 
ing ivhcn Nh. C/arrUk was pcrfornnng the chafa?iir of Sfr 
yohm BruHi during the diunkafd*s m\itt^fing and ddfiif^ tii\ 
he*falW ttiH aflcep in the chair (the audience bcir\g moft' pfo« 
foundiy fil^nc and attentive to thisadmiraMe performer), Cr/- 
<rrir/tf (in the orehieAra)- uttered a very loud and immoderaiely- 
kngthened yawn I The moment Garricic was off the Ibtjfc; rwc 
lent for-^he nniilciun, and with confiderable wavmth repri- 
oianded hiai U^t lo ill-timed a fym^ttom of fomrfolcncy, (ih<>u 


< » 

s "•- 


C ^s6 1 

« Enraged Performer,'" The ftory is here told juft 
8S he rdttcd it to a ckrgymaD, in Vihok words 
the reader now receives it. 

Of this print * it has been quaintly faid^ that 
it deafens one to look at it. Mr. ff^Jpok * is oiF 
opinion that it *^ tends to farce/' ** Rouquet 
^^ fays of it^ Le Muficien eft un halien que les 
^ cris de Ijmdres font - enrager/* The wretched 
figure playing on a hautbcns, was at that time 
well known about the ftreets. For variations^ fee 
the horfe's head^ originally white, but now black. 
-—Sleeve of the child with a rattle, ar firft fmaller, 
as well as of a lighter hue — the milk-woman's face, 
cloak^ &c. boy's dragg, cutler's hatchet, dog, &d 
Crc more darkened than in the firft impreflions. 
Thefe, however, can fcarcely be termed varieties, as 
they were occafioned only by retouching the plate, 
and adding a few ihadows. 

the modern Nafi^ with great addrefs, reconciled GarrJci to 
bim in a trice, by faying, with a flirug, '' I beg ten toufsnd 
** pardon ! but I alvays do fo ven I am ver mufiflea/e V* Mr. 
Cfrvttto was diilinguilbed among his iVicnds in the galleries by 
the name of Nofy, See Gentleman^ s Magazine^ I7^3» P* 9S* 

♦ London Daily Ppft^ Uorremhcr 24, 1740. " Shortly will be 
publiflied, a new print called Tbt Provoked M%ficiam^ detign* 
cd and engraved by Mr. HllUam Hogarth ; bcin j a companion 
to a print reprefenting a DifireJfcd'Poetj publi^ed fome time 
fince. To which will be added, a Third on Paintings which 
Ivill complcat the fet; but as this fubjed may turn upon an 
affiir depending between the right honourable the L — d M^^r 
and the author, it may be retarded for fome time." 

Query to what affair docs Ilcgartb allude? Humphrey Parfont 
was ihcQ Lord Mayor. 


. .Ufig^fb' 4l9^^efer; giade feveral alterations and 
additions in this plate when it4ippeared to be fiaiflied. 
He changed in fooie tneafure all |the countenances^ 
and indeed the entire head and limbs of thechimney- 
fweeper, who had originally a grenadier's cap on. 
Mtfs had alfo a D^i/, (ignificantly placed under the 
trap compofed of bricks, near which fome fprigs 
from a tree are fet in the ground, the whole contri^ 
vance being defigned by fome boy for the purpofe of 
taking birds; but when occupied by Mifs's Play- 
thing, became emblematic of the art of catching 
men. What relates, however, to this young lady 
from a boarding-fcbool, was. grofs enough without 
fuch an amplification. The play-bill, fow-gelder, 
cats, dragg, &c. were not introduced, nor the pew- 
terer's advertifement, nor the fteeple in which .the 
ringers are fuppofed. It is remarkable that the 
duftman was without a nofe. The proofs of the 
plite in this condition are fcarce. I have feen only 
one of them *• Mr. S. Ireland has the original 



1. Martin Folics, Efq. half length. W. Hogarth 
pinxit & fculfjit^ An engraving. To fome impref- 
fions of this print, which are not proofs, the name 
of Hogarth is wanting. 

2. The fame, half length mezzotinto. W. Ho- 
garth pinx. 1741; J. Faber fecit. 1742. The ori- 
ginal of both is now in the meeting- room of the 
Royal Society, in Somerfet Place. 

♦ In the colle^ion of Mr. Cn.htt. 

S 3. Charmers 

i: Ml 1 

3« OMtrntri of the Age K ^ AfltttA. Noname.'' 
It was ifitcBded to rklicale Monf, Difiwyer^ and 
SgDora Barterhi, the two beft dancers that ever ap- 
peared in London. This plate exhibits the internal 
profped: of a theatre. The openings between the 
fide fcenes are crowded with applauding fpeftators. 
The two performers are capering very high, A fun 
over-head (I fuppofe the emblem of public favour) 
is darting down its rays upon them. The reprefen- 
tadves of Tragedy and Comedy are candle-holders 
on the occafion. Underneath is the following in« 
fcripiion : ^* The prick'd lines fhow the rifing height." 
There are alfo a few letters of dire&ion, fo fituated 
as to convey no very decent innuendo. The whole b 
but a'hafty outline, executed, however, with fpirit^ 
and bitten uncommonly deep by the aqua-fortis. I 
afcribe it to Ik^tb without hefitation. Of this print 
there is a copy by Livtfijtf. 

All the three pieces of our artift that fatirize the 
fiage, &c. are peculiarly fcarce. We may fuppofe 

* Hcgmrth defigned to have publiHicd this print, with foine 
explanation at the bottom of it, in i74i-2.*^See the infcriptioa 
aimed effaced, a circumftance to which the copter did not ai^ 

+ I learn firom Hh Grn^firett J§urnal for OBoha- 17, 
1734, that Monfieur DefMayfr wai jull arrived from Poknil^ to* 
gether with Mademoifelle Roland from Pin-it (this lad/ is ftill 
alive). Again, from the fame paper, ^4r^ar/? 19, 1756, that 
*^ Monlicur Defnoyer^ the famous dancer at ^nrr^-i!<nif, is gone 
^* to FmrU^ hy order of Mr. FiettmHiod^ to engage Madcmoifellc 
•*. SmVee for the enfuing winter.** In fume future expedition, 
we may fuppofe, he prev^ailed on Signora Harherini to come 
over *or ilic fame purpofct 

4 tbrr*:, 

C m 1 

diem/ tberefbre; to have bete fupptefled by the m« 
fluence of the mtnagers for the time being, who 
were not^ like our prefent ooes^ become callous 
through the inceflaat attacks of diurnal criticks in 
the news-papers. 

4« Tafte in High Life. A beau^ a fafluonftble old 
lady^ a young lady, a black boy^ and a monkey* 
Painted by Mr. Ihgartb. It was ibid by Mr. Jandti^ 
in Bidford^mi^ Covent-Garden. FuhRJhid May %^th^ 
\noyiar\ The origmal pidure is in the po^ffioi^ 
of Mr4 Biribj furgeon, Effex-firut^ in ^The Strand. 

It difplays (as we leam frohi an infcription on the 
pedeftal.tmder a Femu drefled in a hoop-petticoat) 
the rcigniiijg modes of the year 1 742. It was painted 
for the opulent Mifs Edwards, who paid our artift 
fixty guineas for it. Her reaibn for choofing fuch a 
fubgeft was rather whimfical. By her own fingula-* 
rities having incurred fome ridicule; Ihe was defirous^ 
by the affiltance of Hogariby to recriminate on the 
publtck. As he defigned after her ideas^ he had 
little kindneis for. his performance^ and never would 
permit a print to be taken from it. The prefent one 
was from a drawing made by connivance of her fer« 
vants. The original was purchafed by the father of 
its prefent owner, at her fale at Kenfington. 

The figure of the beau holding the china-faucer 
is faid to have been that of Lord Tortmorey dreiled 
as he firfl appeared at court after his return from 
France. The young female was defigned for a cele- 
brated courtezan, who was the Kattj Fijher of her* 

S 2 time. 

tiflie* n^ fintiiliarhy with the black boy alludes to 
H dihilar weaknefs in a noble duchefi, who educated 
two brats of the fame colour* One of them after* 
wards robbed her, akd the other was guilty of fome 
offence equally unpardonable. The pi&ures with 
which the room is adorned, contain many ftrokes of 
temporary fatire. See the Venus with fiays, a hoop, 
and high-heerd ihoes r Cupid burning all thefe parts 
9f drefsi together with*a modilh wig, &c. ; a fecond 
Cupid paring down a plump lady to the faihionable 
(landard ; and [in a framed pidure dafled with a 
fiumber of infe^] the figure of Defnojer the dancing- 
matter in a grand ballet. The ridicule oo the folly 
of coUeding- old china, &c fcc* are alike circum- 
fiances happily introduced, and explanatory of the 
falluons then in vogue. The colouring is better than 
that in mod of Hogarth's pictures. The plate is now 
the property of Mr, Sayer. 

1, Benjamin Hoadly, biihop of Ulncbefierm W. 
Hogartb pinx. B. Baron fculp. The plate belongs 
to Mrs. Hoadly. • 

2. Captain Thomas Coram^ who obtained the char^^ 
tcr * for The Foundling Hofpital. Mczzotinto; a three- 
quarters. The firft print publiflicd by HHArdell. 
The original is a whole length. The captain has 
the fcal of the charter in his hand. Before him is a 
globe ; at a diflance a profpcA of the fea. This is 

* In which the name of William Hogarth (lands enrolled ai 
one of the earlicft governors of the charity. 


r ^^ I 

perhaptidic Ibeft of all HagartUs poibraits^ ;ind'.is th u$ 
dcTcribcdintlic&^siila/rziu^a fioi^ publiihcd about 


•* Lo } old Captain Coram *,• lid rouod in the ft<a, . . 

<^ And a pair of good chaps plumped up in godd cafe, 

• ■ 

* Mr. CvTtfM was bred to the fea, and fpent the firfl: part or 
his life as mafter of a veflcl tradihg to our colonies. While 
he refided in that|>art of the metropolis which, is the comnaoQ 
refidence of feaforing people, bufinefs often obliging hin) to 
come early into the city and return late ; ht had frequent 
occafions of feeing young children ezpofed, through the io^ 
digence or cmelty of their parents* This excited his com. 
paflion fo far, th^t he proje^ed The F^umiUng Hojpital ; in 
which humane defign he laboured 17 years, and at laft, by 
his fole application, obtained the r(^al charter for itf. Hei 
died at his lodgings near Leicefier'Sptaref March 29, lyjr, ia 
his 84th year :\'* and was^ interred under the chapel of the 
Foundling HoJ^rtal^ v/htie, the foltowfog infcriptioo perpetuates 
his memory : . ♦ : - 

** Captain TfloMAS Co«am, 

whofe Name wiff nevei* ifrant a Monument 

fo long as this Hofpital (hall fubfift, was born about 

the year 1668; * Man 'emment m that moft eminent 

Virtue, tlje liove of Matikind ; 

little attMtiyer to his (Private t^<H-tune, and refiifing 

many Opportunities of encreafmg it, hfs Tiitle Bnd Thoughts 

were continually employed in endeavours to promote the 

public Happineis, ' 

both in this Kingdoi|i £^nd eirewhere,'partiQubrIy 

in the Colonies of North America ; and his Endeavours 

were many Times crowned with the defired Succefs. His 

\mwearied Solicicatton, for above Seventeen Years together, 

(which would have baffled the Patience and Indudry of any 

Man lefs zealous in doing Good) 

t For his other charitable proje£^f, fee Biog. Di£t. 1784, vol. IV. 

p. 120. 

S i and 

C »6i ] 

^' l&4UBid>le locb haapDg giej on cadi fide 
^^ To bis double-brcaft coat o*er his ihoiilders fa 
« wide/' &c. 

$., The fame eagraTiDg, for the Lmimi Magawm. 

4» Charaders and Caricaturas^ ^^ /^ jCvw: /Ao/ 
« Leonardo da Vinci exaggerated the latter ** The 
fubfcription-ticket to Marriage ^ la Mode. 

I. Marriage a la Mode*. Six plates. In 1746 

and his Application to Pcrfont of Di(liii£lioD of both Sexes, 
obtained at Length the Charter of the Incorporation 
(bearing Date the S7th ofOftobtr^ 1739} 


OF Exposed and Desexteo TdtjiiG Childrsit, 

bjf which many ThQufanda of Livca may be pretenred to the 

Public, and cosploye4 10 a fn^gal and honefl Courfe of 

Induftry. He died the J9th of Msni^ 1751, in the 

84th Year of liis Age, poor fai worldly Eflitte, rich in good 

Works ; vras buried, at bis Dwn{>efire, in the Vault 

uodenieath ibis Chapel 1 
(the firft here depofitcd) 
' at rhe Eaft End thereof | fiiany of the Governors 
and other Gentlemeo attending the Fnnera), to do 

HoQOur to his Memory. 

Reader, thy Anions will fliew whether thoo art finoere 

in the Praifiis thoo ma/ft befiow on l^m ; and if thou hail 

Virtue enough to commefKi his Virtues, forget not to 

add alfo the Imiution of them." 

^ LmJ^Pml^PoJI^AfriJpi1\l. '« Mr. //i^or/A intends 
<^ to publifli by fubfcriptkin Sis Prints from copper plates, en* 
** graved by the beft mafters in Pamj, after his own paintings 
«^ (:he heads, for the better prcfcrvation of the charaders and 
** crprefHons, to be done by the author), rc'prefenttng a vah- 
«^ ety of inodprn occurrences in high life, and Cktlcd Msrriag§ 

«* Particular care is taken that the \vho!e work fhall not be 
<' lijble to exception on account of any imtecftuy or iacirgawc;^ 
<'' and that none of tlie char>^tci'i reprefenied ihall hzfcrjlfmaU 
«« The fubfcripiion will be one guinea ; hall, &;:•" 


wtti^taUHhedt*^' Marriagp a la Mode,: as ^momr- 
^ous. Tale, ia Six C9Mo\ ia Hudibraftic Verfe; 
'^ betxig an Explanation of the Six Prints lately pub- 
«( liihed by the ingenious Mr. H§g(Uib.. London : 
*^ prmted for Weav€r BukertM^ in Temple^xcbange 
*^ Paffage, in Fieet^tre^t, 1746. Price One Shilling.'* 
Of this patnj^t it will be fufficient to extraft the 
Preface and the arguments of the feveral Canto's $ 
the poem itfelf (if fuch it may be called) being cxf 
tended to the length of 59 pages. \ 

** The prints of Marriage i la Mode^ being the 
^^ lateft prodiiftkm of that celebrated Artift who had 
<^ before oblige^^the town with feveral entertaining 
^ pieces^ have, ever iSnce their publication, been 
^^ very jufily admired ; the particular vein of hu'- 
^^ mour, that runs through the whole of his works, 
^^ is more efpecialiy preferved in this. '' 

^^ If the Comii Poet who draws the charaders of 
^^ the age he livds in, by keeping fiiiAly up to their 
'^ manners in their fpeeches and expreifions ; if fa^ 
^' tirizing .,vlte and eiK:ouraging virtue in dialogue, 
'^ to render it familiar, is always reckoned anuMigft 
'^ the liberal arts ; and the liuthprs, when dead, dig« 
^^ nified with bufts and monuments fa9red to theii: 
^' memory { fure the matter of the pencil, whofe 
'* traits carry, not only a lively image of the petfons 
^< and mannerSi but whpfe happy genius has found 
" the fecret of fo difpofing the feveral parts, as to 
'^ convey a pleafing and inllrudive moral through 
^^ the biilory he reprefents, may claim a rank in tlie 

S 4 " foremoft 

C »64 3 

'' foreiTMkl daftt ^i^l icquiir» if dieterai iialbw- 
'' «ble, the tppclUtio» of the I>aailtio^ Painter.* 

^ The Modifb Htilband, incapable of rcHflitDg tUc 
<' pleafurcs ofcrue happinef»,«re-drpide(Lia his 
*' full fwfai^ of.vicr, 'tiU*1ii$ mtilaken C4iiuluftdrivf:s- 
^' bis wife to be falfc to his bed, and brings biin to- 
" a wretdted end ; killed in revenging the lofs of/ 
" that virfiic which " he would never dhciiih. ' Thd 
** l.ady is equally rcprefented as a true copy of all 
'* the fine ladies of the age, who, by indulging their 
^ paflions, run into all thofe extravagances, that ac 
'* lall occafion a ihamefui exit, if the gentlemen of 
•' the long robe, whd (6ught to 'know the confe- 
** quencn, are guilty df ^Itbmmitting fuch a breach 
•• of hofpttality as is h*c dcfirribcd, they arc pro* 
" jYcrly reprimanded : ' the penurious Alderman, 
" and the prdfligatooldNoblemany are a fine contrail; 
" the Quack Doftor, the Ifa'ian Singer, &c arc 
•* proofs of the Inventor'i judgement and dift 
** iinClum, l>orh in high and low lii'e. 

*♦ Though thck- images are pleafing to the eye, 
** yet many hnvc complamed that ihev wanted 
*• a [M'opcr explanation, which we hope will plead 
•• an exv^nk- tor publication of the following; Canro'?, 
** as I he dcrtrc to render thefe pieces more cxrenf ve 
** may atone tor the manv faults conrainc*! in this 
•* poem, lor which the Hud:brajiic ftvle was thought 
•* molt pro(\T." 




C ANT O i. 

*' The joys and plagues that wedlock brings^ 

" The Liiriner paints, the Poet fings ; 

•*^How the 'old dads weigh either fcale, 

" And fet theit children tip to Tale ; 

Ho\V, i^fd'o'f thought, the Vifcount weds 
The nymph, who 'iflich a marriage dreads; 

" And, wnilft himfelf the Fop admires, 

" M — ~y with love her foul infpircs." 

CAN t d; 11. 

«« The weddln^'d>r,fh'eiir- matched pair 
" Are left at large, their fate to fhare \ 
** All public places he frequents, 
'* Whilft fhe" her own delight invents ; 
** And^ full of love, bewails her doom, 
** When drunk i'th* ftiorning he comes home; 
" The pious ftew'rd, in great furprize, 
" Runs from them with uplifted eyes," 

** My Lord now keeps a common Mifs, 
** Th' effedts defcrib'd of amorous blifs j 
** Venereal taints infedt their veins, 
*\ Aiid fill them full of aches and pains ; 
•* Which to an old French Dotlor drives 'em, 
'* Who with his pill, a grand p — x gives *cm ; 
** A fcene of vengeance next enfues, 
*• With which the Mufe her tale purfues.'* 


t a66 ] 

^ Frdh honours ^Mi ciie^Lady wiie, 
^' A Countefs now flie fhioes m Aatt % 
'' The toilette is at^ large difplay'd, 
'* Where whilft the morning concert's pUy^d^ 
'^ She lUlens to her lover's call, 
^ Who courts her to the midnigfat-balU'* 


'^ The diiiBal confequence behold^ 

^ Of wedding girls of L^ndtm mould ; 

«* The Huiband is deprived of life, 

'^ In ftrivmg to deteft Us Wife ; 
The Lawyer naked, in furprize. 
Out ci the Bagnio wmdow ffies : 
Whilft Madam^ leaping from the bed, 

^^ Doth on her knee for pardon plead.*' 

*' The Lawyer meets his juft rewardy 
•* Nor from the triple tree is fpar'd ; 
" The Father takes my Lady home, 
** Where, when (he hears her Lover's doom. 
To defperate attempts Ihe ffies, 
And with a dofe of poifon dies." 

In thefc plates only a fingle variation is deteded. 
In the very firft impreffions of the fccond of them 
(perhaps a few only were taken off) a lock of hair 
on the forehead of the lady is wanting. It was 
added by our artift, after Baron had finilhed the 
plate. In the early copies he inferted it with hdian 


itkkt A psAge in the Ana^ ^ will perhaps ac- 
count fori this fopplemcntal ornament : <^ A lock 
^^ of hair filling crofs the . temples^ and by that 
^^ means breaking the regularity of the oval^ has an 
^ effea: too alluring to be ftri^y decent/' The 
room reprefented in this plate is adorned with a 
melange of pidurcs on wanton and devotional fub- 

Mr. Walfde has remarked^ that the works of B»^ 
garth have little obfcurity. This poficion is true in 
general^ though Mnrriagt i Im Mode may fupply an 
exception to it ; no two perfons, perhaps, having 
hitherto agreed in their explanation of Plate the 
third f . 


♦ See p. 35. 

t In the third plate of this work, the figure of the fnnale 
unclaiping a penknife, is faid to hare been defigned for the 
once eeiebrated BctPf Cartkfs. This remark is fnppofed to be 
countenanced by the initials £• C. on her bofom. From being 
in a date to receire company, this woman had been long re« 
duced to (how it,- and, after repeated confinements in various 
prifoos, was buried from the poor's honfe of St. Paml^ Covent 
Garden^ April 22, 17$^, about fcvcn years after this fct of 
prints had been publiihed. Such a reprefentation of her de- 
cline from beauty, as may be given in the plate before us, is 
juftified by various pafiages in Lo^eling^s poems, Latin and 
EmfjUfb^ written about the year 1738, and publiihed in 1741. 
Thus in his ode, " Ad Sixtumy'' ' 

Carkfis turpis macies dccentem 
Occupat vuitum ■ 

Again more amply in his Elegiac EpiAIe, ** Ad Henricum :** 

Nympha Cmfentini quoe gloria fulferat Horti, 

Cui vix vidiiTet Druria veiira parcm, 
£xul, inops, liquic proprios milernnda Penates, 
' Fortune extremas fuilinuitquc vices. 


[ 268 3 

"Wlim this (et of plates was tx> be tn^tmei^ Ri* 
%inefj .a young artift, then juft coining iritocitaplojr, 
was recoimniended to Mr. Hogarib ; and a hard tar- 

»^ gai» 

Nunc frahit infaaftam tenebrofo in carcere rit^m, 

Et lerat infolito moilia naembr&xoro. 
C^rltfis^ ah ! quantum, quantuai mutaris ab. \\\k 

CarUfe^ qux Ptneris maxima cura fuit f 
^de tun risere olim Charitefque Jocique, 

Hie fueraoc Fs^ge currus 3r arma Dc* ; * 
Ars^rutit Cives, arfit Judaus AfeUa^ 

£r te Bellonim deperiere chori. 
Jam (ordvsv pallenfque gcnat, & flaccid i mamfnaff 

Non oculi, quondam qui naicu^re, micant* 
Heu ! obi formofae rei^rentcs lilia malae ! 

Labra ubi> purpiireft quae nibucrc rofii \ 
Te puer lAdiius^ le faftidirque juvencut 

, Tarn marcefcentero, diilimilemqne tui. 
Siccine tam fidam curas Erycina ininidram ? 

Hxccine militiae pratmia digna tuae ? 
O y^nui! 6 nimiumt nim'uimqiie oblita tuarum I 

Carlefis an meruit fortts acerba pati ? 
Quae poflh^c ajifve tuia imponet honorem, 

Ardcbit pofthac vcl tua caftra fequi ? 
Omoigenas aequo circumfpice lumine moechaa 

Quas tua pellicihui Druria dives alit| 
Qiiz ccllas habitant, viroi peditefve pcragrant^ 

Aut qnx HafpimtM incoluere lares ; 
Invcnirnda fuit niifquam lafcivior, artuf 

Mobilior, facris vcl magis apta tuis, 
Larlffh nh noiliis & flcnda & fleta Camo^nis f 

Acct'd.u veilris nulla medela malis ? 
Te vercor mileram fortuna tcnaciter anget, 

Ncc veniet rebus mollior aura tuis. 

Ag»in in his Ode, *' Ad CaroUm B " 

■ rehiiquenc 

CarUfii qunndnm mifcra; Penates 
D^f^h/a II JvlfifcH^ duo ptrvicacii 

t'ulmiua lingux. 



gi)tQ)W«s made. Ravenet .went through two of the 

platev . but the price proved far inadequate to the 

> labour. 

Again in "d *^ Copy of Verfet on Beti^ Cl^\ cooiing lo 
*« Town, &c," 

Rdbirts will curfe ttt whores— 

From worn-out CartUfs to fair Kitfy Walhr. • 

Again in an Ode intituled ** Meretricca BrUamuca!* 

Alma fcortorum Druriaqmt cuftos 
Orta Neftnno ! tibi cura pulchrc 
Carlefis fatis data, tu ftcund^ 

Cariefe regnes. 

Thefe lines will ferve to enforce the moral of The Harhi\ 
Pr9gr^Sy while they aim at the illufiration of a fingle circum* 
fiance in Mtrriaft a la Modi x where if this female is iocro* 
duced at all, it iecms. ro be in the chara6^er of an opulent 
procured, either threatening the peer for having difeafed her 
favourite girl, or preparing to revenge herfelf on the quack 
whofe medicines had failed to eradicate his lordfliip's diforder. 
That heroine mufl have been notorious, who could at once en« 
gage the pencil of Ihgarth and the pens of LotftUng and 
Fielding^ who in the lixth chapter of the firfl book oi Amelim 
ha« the follow iog fiery : *' I happened in my youth to fit be- 
^^ hind two ladies in a fide-box at a pUy, where, in the bai* 
** cony on the oppofite fi^ie was placed the inimitable Ih^fif 
** CarcUfi^ in company with a young fellow of no very formai^ 
'^ or indeed fober, appearance. Ooeof the ladies, L remem* 
•* ber, iaid to the other—* Did you ever fee any thing look 
*^ {o modefi and lb innocent as that girl over the way ? What 
'* pity it is fiKb a creature fiiould be in the way of ruin, as [ 
*' am afraid fiie is, by her being alone with that young fellow i' 
'' Now this lady was no bad phyiiognomifi ; fi>r it was impof- 
^* fible to conceive a greater appearance of modefiy, innocence, 
'^ and fimplicity, than what nature bad diiplayed in the coua- 
** tenance of that girl ; and yet, ail appearances ootwith* 
'* fianding, 1 mylelf (remember, critic, it was in my youth) 
**^ had a few mornings before feen that very identical pidure 
*' of thole engaging qualities in bed with a rake at a bagnio, 
*' fmonking tobacco, drinking punch, talkmg obfcenity, and 
^' fwearing and curfing with ail the impudence and impiety of 

•* the 


C 370 ] 

kbour. He remonftratcd, but coutd obtain no aug- 
( mentation. When the Sigi/miinda was to be en- 

** the loMtefl and mod abandoned trull of a Toldier " We may 
*• add, that one of the mad-men in the Ijft plale of Tir Sait't 
pTBgrffi has likcw'ife written " channing Btiij Cartk/s" on 
the rail of the itairi, and wcari hex portrait round his neck. 
Perhaps beween the publication of The Rakt'i P'Vgrtf, and 
Maniagt a Iti AJidt, Ihc fuDk fi'on) a wanton into a band. 
Mri. Htyv.-oc^t Bti/cy Thtu^iUfi was at firft eaiitk-d Bnfiy 
Cartlcfs, but the name irat afterwaids changed for obvious 

7htLenM Daily Pofi, Ni>^. iZ, 1735, contains the follow- 
ing advertifemeni from thit notorious female : 

'* Mrs CareU/i, from the Piatia in Crvmi-GarJujiy not be> 
ing able to make an end of her affairs fo foon ss (he ex- 
pelled, intends on hLtnitr/ next to open a coffee-houfc in 
PruJraK's-Cmrt fin The Old Bailey , n'hereilic hopes her flic nds 
" will favour her wiih their company, notwithflanding the ill 
** litualion of the pbce -, lince her mitfonunee oblige her ilil) 
to remain ihere, 

" N. D. It is the iippennoll bonfc in the couil, and coachct 
•' and chairs m.iy come up to the door." 

Again in TltLenJon Daih /'«;?, Oa. ai, 1741, Mrs. Cartkfi 
■dvertifes Tie Sf^^'i Ofrra, at the theatre m yamtfStrM, 
•H^iiiriei, for her benefit. Off. ij. At the bottom of the 
•dvertifcrrent ftie fays, " Mrt, Cai-tk/i ukes this benefit be- 
•' caufc (he finds a fn^ll prefling oCt:afion for one ;"ajid as (he 
" has the hippincfi of knouiog Ox has a great manj friends, 
'* hopes not to find an inftance to the contrary by their being 
*> abfcnt ihc above-mentioned evening; and at it wtmM be 
^ cniirctyinccDvenient, and coofei^itenily difagreeable, if they 
** ihould, flic ventures to believe they won't fail to let her 
•• b:ive rhc honour of their company. In "he bill of the day 
" (be ffiys — N. B. Mrs. Ctirtkfi hopes her friends will favour 
*• her affording to ihcir |)rorrife, to relieve her from tcmblc 
■* His of ihr vapours proceeding from bad dreams, though ttie 
*• comfort it they generally %••> by the contraries. 
- "Tickets to be hid .>i Mr«. CanteJ'i's CoSee-houfe, tha 
' *^ PUylj«iiff-Paj;agt, Br.dgn-Sirtft " 

Would the public, at this period of refinement, have pa- 
- ticntty 

[ 27X 3 

^yrtdf,Vb* Ravenet was in a different fphere bf ilfe* 
The painter, with many compliments, folicited bi|l 
affilbmce as an engraver, hut Jtavenet indignantly 
declined the connexion* v 


tiently endured the familiar addrds of fuch a flumefefs, fuper- 
annuated, advertifiog (Inimpet ? 

The reader will perhaps ihiile, when, after fo much grave 
ratiocination, and this long dedudtoa of particulars, he is 
informed that the letters are not £. €• but F. C. the initials 
of Famt^ Cock^ daughter to the celebrated au^ioneer of that 
name, with whom our artift had had ibme cafual difagreement* 

The following, fomewhat difierent, explanation has alfobeea 
communicated to nne by Charles Rogers^ efq. who fays it came 
from Sw!Uv4m^ one of Hogarib^s engraven : ** The nobleman 
** threatens to cane a quack-do6tor for having given pills which 
** proved ineffedtuai in curing a girl he had debauched ; and 
** brings with him a woman, from whom he alledges he caught 
** the infe^ion ; at which fhe, in a rage, is preparing to fiab 
** him with her clafp koife. This wretch is one of the loweft 
*^ clafs, as is manifeft by the letters of her name marked with 
•* gunpowder on her breaft. She, however, is brought to the 
** French barber-furgeon for his examination and inlpe^ion, 
^' and for which purpofe he is wiping his ipedades with hh 
** coarfc muckendcr/* 

The explanation |;hren by Rouqttet^ however, ought not to 
be fupprelTed, as in all probability he received it from Hogarth^ 
** II falloit Indiquer la ftiauvaife conduite du heros de la piece. 
** Uauteur pour cct effet Tintroduit dans Tappartement d*ua 
** empirique, oii il ne peut gu^res fe trouver qu'en confequence 
<* de fes debauches ; il fait en m^me terns rcncontrer chcz cet 
*^ empirique une de ces femmes qui perdues depuis long-tems, 
*^ font enfin leur metier de la perte dcs autres. 11 fuppofe un 
** dtoifle ebtre cette femme et fon h^ros, dont le fujet paroh 
** &tre la mnuvalfe fanti d'un petite filie, du commerce de la« 
^* quelle il ne s'eft pas bien trouve. La petite fiile au rcAe 
'* fait ici contrafbe par fon ^ge, fa timidit6, fa douceur, avec 
** le cara^^re de I'autre femme, qui paroit un compof6 de 
'* rage, de fiireiir, et de tons les crimes qui accompagnent 
*< d'ordinaire les derni^res debauches chez celles de fon fexe. 

*• L'empirique 

C *7» 3 

. Ita the fourth of thefe plates * arc tbc following 
portraits: Mrs. Lane (afterwards. Lady J3/>^i7^ 
adorbg Careftini ; her hufband Fax Lane ailcep. 
Roujtut only calls him ^' Un gentilhomme cani- 
f* pagnard, fatigue d'une courfe apres quelque renard 
•' ou quelque cerf, s'endort." This idea feems to be 
countenanced by the whip in his hand. The fame 
explainer adds» fpeaking of the two next figures, 
*^ Ici on voit eo papillotes un de ces perfonages qui 

** L'empirique et ion appartfment foot da objett cntier^* 
** ment epifodiques. Quoique jadis barbier f, il eft aujourdhni, 
** ii i'on en juge par Tetalage, non feulment chirurgicn, maU 
*^ naturalifte, chimiflc, mechanicien, medecin, apoticaire; 
** et voui remarquerez qu'il eft Franepis pour comble de ridi- 
*' cule. Uauteur pour achever de le cara^erifcr fuivant Ton 
*^ id6e, hii fait inventer det machines extrcmemeot compofees 
** p3ur les operations les plus finaples, comnie Cjdies de re- 
** met t re un membre difloqu£, ou de deboucher uoe bouteille. 

*^ Je ne decidcrai pas fi Pauteur eft aufti heureux dans le 
<* choix des objecs dc fa fatire, quand il les prendparmi nous, 
** que lorfqu'il les choiftt parmi ceux c^e fa nation i mats il 
** me femble qu il doit mieux connoitre ceux-ci ; . et je crois 
*^ que cette planche vous en paroitra un exemple bien mnr- 
** que. II tourne ici en ridicule ce que nous avons de moins 
** mauvais ; que deviendroit le refte s'il ecoit vrai qu*il nous 
** conniit aifez pour nous depeindre ?" 

* Scot in engraved the firft and (ixth ; Baron the fccond and 
third j Ravcnct the fourth and fifth. 

f This circumftance feems co be implied bv the bmkeo comb, the 
pewter bsfon, and the liorn fo placed as to refemhie a harber'i pole, all 
which are exhibited cither above, or within the glafs caie, in which the 
ikclcton appears whir|>erinc a man who had bceo exficcated by fomc 
mode of emhalmiog at prcfent unknown. About the time of the pub- 
lication of this fct of prints, a number of bodiei thus prefened were 
difcorered in a vault in ^i6f/rc^tf/f/ church.— Our Q^ack is likewife a 
vinuofo. An ancient fpur, a liigh-crowned hat, old Ihocs, &c. together 
with a model of the gallow*, are among his rariiiek.-— Oa his talde is 
a (kull, rendered carious by the difcafe he ib nrufefTing to cure.— Thefe 
two lad obieAs are mumcor}' a^ well as chira&criftic. 

is ^* paflcnt 


^* jpaflf^Qt teute leur vie \ tadier de t>lai!t fttii^j 
'^ refiffir ; la, uri eventail au poihg, on reconnoit vxk 
•* de ces heretiques en amour, un fedateur ^Ana* 
^y trem^^ The former of thefe has been fuppofed to 
reprefent Monfieur Mcbil, the Frvjjian ambafiadof; 
Weideman is playing on the German flute.-^The pic« 
tures in the room arc properly fuited to the bed* 
chamber , of a profligate ^zM-^JufHer and lo^ Lift 
with his Daughters, Ganymede and the Eagle, and 
the Young Lawyer who debauches the Countefs* 
Ihe child's coral, hanging from the back of the 
chair ihe fits in, ferves to fliew ihe was already a mo« 
ther ; a circumftance that renders her condu£b ftiil 
more unpardonable. Some of her new-made pur« 
chafes^^ expofed on the floor, bear witnefs to the 
warmth of her inclinations. Thefe will foon be gra- 
tified at the fatal mafquerade, fbr which her para« 
mour is offering her a ticket. 

The pompous pi&ure on the right hand of the 
window in the nobleman's apartment, Plate L alfo 
deferves attention. It appears to be defigned as ai 
ridicule on the unmeaning flutter of French portraits^ 
fome of which (particularly thofe of Louis XiV.) are 
painted in a flyle of extravagance equal at leafl to 
the prefcnt parody by Hogarth. This anceftor of our 
peer is invefted with feveral foreign orders. At the 
top of one corner of the canvas, are two winds 
blowing acrofs each other, while the hero's drapery 
is flying quite contrary direftions. A comet is like- 


wife ftreaming over his head. In his hand he grafps 
thclightning of Jove, and repofes on a- cannon going 

T off. 





t^m^z^emt legL tac ''.'•wT 

AnMXkg fucn lirie cnuLU 
ciicapt t2K; aodot ce a 
XciKf ts toe Candk, cmhirrraric of tiie uMi.tgjg£ 

Wi/<D <mgravix»gft on £ co^ ' ^an-n^ jok aic made 
fro.T; iar^ pjctines^ a t?7 parts of tbeoi viil vna- 
vol'j.Oi ' '^coajc fo frr^^U, as almc»i: to want dzftinct- 
ficfc. 1'. ha'5 r'a:^- th'JS \'.hh £ nunbcr of figures 
Cw»^ 2>j/'^r *L/^:Vi tr.t urrSnifned cdjscf*, iccn 
i\\x*jJY/A a 'A.rid:/* in tht nrft j.sic of this work. 
th/urio rji^yjy^c xwcii. fof tbc lEzy vcnnin of his 
Jy^"'fir;y'* r.:.:, v. ho, having sorhir.g to do, arc fc- 
lir:j; or, ti-t biovk^ of flo3C, or fiaring at the builds 
injj-t* ; i'A ^— s K'jiiiiu^t ba? dei'criljLJ them, •* Une 
** \XKj\.\,'. c; Ife^.'r^tis o:fi:'5, oui font dans Ic cour de 
*' ct L«iif!.' f.r, tcl.cvt dc caractcrner le faflc ruinrox 
^* rjui frriV;:'..::r;t Ic comtc." The iiiine iUuilrator 

• 7i*': L'.irj<<r5 "' ?*'cSit€£iurc in ^h's rn£n:fhcd noble* 
i/.iif/« i*'^y^ </ri ili*. ^r.t ^'Couiit, arc icxn to cuacranra^e. 

t J <»•( cdiii^x ic^.iirf at a ftacd for wact of muiicy, no 
.'* rkiU'.n nyiKajizi/^^xx the icaffolds, or ccar Lheau 


f «75 3 

^ioptAf calls the Gtizen Echevin (i. e. Iheiiff) of 
Lcmbn, on account of the chain he wears. 

Plate II. From the late Dr. Ducarel I received 
die following anecdote-; but there muft be fome 
miilake in it^ as Herring was not arcbbllhop till fe* 
veral years after the defigns for Marriage d la AMe 
were made. 

" Edward Swallow^ butler to Archbiihop Herrings 
** had an annuity of tea pounds given to him in his 
** Grace's will. For the honefty and fimplicity of 
^< his phyfiognomy^ this old faithful fervant was io 
^^ remarkable, that Hd^arfb, wanting fuch a figure in 
^^ Mahii^e i la Mode, actompanied the late dean of 
•* SanM, Dr. Thomas Greene, on a public day, to 
'' Lifmbeth, on purpofe to catch the likenefs. As 
** they were coming away, he whifpered, * 1 have 
'^^ hiiii !' And he may now be feen to the life pre- 
^ ferved in the old (teward^ in Plate 11. with his hands 
•« held up, &c." 

In Plate V. the back ground, which is laboured 
with uncommon delicacy (a circumitance that will 
be remarked by few except artifts), was the work of 
Mr. Ravenet*s wife. Solomon* s wife judgement is re- 
prefented on the tapeftry. When Ravenet^s two plates 
were finiihed, Hogarth wanted much to retouch the 
faces ^, and many dlfputes happened between him 
and the engraver on this fubjed. The firft im- 
preffions, however, efcaped without corredlion. Thofe 
who poflefs both copies, may difcover evident marks 

* In his advertifemeat for thii dt of plates, he had engaged 
tp engrave all the facet with hit own band. See p. a6ji« Note. 

T a of 

t «7» 3 

isiri} piOOigbcL up br iik itoi v is: nirrir. 

I ii?vt iiscx loic rear oir xcri£ taoi: ois iiugiiai: 
flf dis frm&'is, viic is k) p'sar**?', disc txis szg^ of ji 
figiir? it rbt tEpcfcr iiippir lir u-an: n: ier mcx^ 
£ coarb: v'aart of & wazoar olis^ Jwul JL 

T^iat; the firx of ns &:, sffands T.ruuurt mt op- 
{xmiDrr 1^ nhifl-jMiit^ oie iolknrxxig remark, viiick 
Ik ha3 nartr at tiie aocus of hk undcrtakix^ i ^^ 

^ qi:'*U£ jh^iaL' lit, poji aii^E circ, cc j ?':;ani m 

' de phsfiean pago.* Speaks^ of oar cidzcc^ par* 
fisaocj* £m be — ^ Torez^^vcnB ca p'^^es conio* 
^ T« dam k coin d'ac anDcure r To;3 k dcvin^ 
^ rkz p2Sy Touft oif £ ciss pas jamais tcsu a J^ 
^ giCter^e^ cpfcHa ibxir auS X2xi£ inzrqDc d'ecano- 
^ ZLjt ; niais L fcX TOU5 dirt cac it:« p^p^ wcu £ 

** can* ii niirziz^ La p^Tfar., Tzriizai it pia» vi* 
** ;ce:fd uat fi;»t grarb cans Ic pre- ler cabar^ oC. 

*• li ruric, r: ^£ jcnt k ics piciLs.^ 

As Rsupiz: obirrres, *^ Cc qui itr: a gsmir cr: 

** indie at uat baSr." Tar ickjcir'. o: luc 

fccKJ — chr fi-vcd Gcg — the df^arr'mg j.i:\fici£:i — U)c 
icfeOcd and rlcirrv coailitiji. of rht child v^uo :» 

C 477 ] 

brought to take a laft kifs of its cljring mother— arc 
circumftances too ftriking to be overlooked. 

Tbe Daily Advertifer of 1750 affords the following 
illuftratiqn of our artift's hiftory : " Mr. Hogartb 
•* propofcs to publifli by fubfcription two large 
^*' prints, one reprefenting Mo/es brought to PbaraobU 
'* daughter ; the other Paul before Felix ; engraved 
'* after the piftures of his painting which are now 
** hung up in The Foun4ling Hofpital aiid Lincoln" s^Inn 
" Hall. Five Shillings to be paid at the time of 
•* fubfcribing, and Five Shillings more on the deli- 
** very of the print. On the firft payment a receipt 
will be given, which receipt will contain a new 
print (in the true Dutch tafte) of Paul before Felix. 
^* Note, The above two prints will be Seven Shillings 
** and Six Pence each after the fubfcription is over ; 
** and the receipt-print will not be fold at a le(s price 
^* than One Guinea each. Subfcriptions are taken in 
'* till the 6th of June next, and no longer, at The 
" Golden-Head in Leicejler- Fields ^ where the drawings 
** may be feen ; as likewife the author's fix pidures 
'* of Marriage-i'la- Mode, which are to be difpofed of 
** in the following manner : That every bidder fign 
" a note with the fum he intends to give. That fuch 
•* note be depofited in the drawer of a cabinet, which 
" cabinet fliall be conftantly kept locked by the faid 
*^ fVilliam Hogarth ; and in the cabinet, through a 
** glafs door, the fums bid will be feen on the face 
^* of the drawer, but the names of the bidders may 
'^ be concealed till the time of bidding fhall be ex- 

T 3 '* pired. 


C »7« 3 

^ ptred» That each bidder may, by a frdh note^ 
^ adyance a farther fum if he is outbid, of which 
'^ notice ihail be fenc hiau That the fum lb ad- 
^ yanced Ihall not be Ie& than Three Guineas* That 
'« the time of bidding ihall continue till twelve 
'^ o*clock the 6th of jfuiu next, and no longer. That 
^ DO dealer in pistes will be admitted a bidden 

^^ As (according to the llandard of judgement, lb 
^ righteoufly and laudably eilabliihed by pit^ure- 
^ dealers, piSure- cleaners, pidore-frame-makers, 
^ and other connoifleurs) the works of a painter am 
^ to be efteemed more or lefs valuable as they are 
^ more or Icfs fcarce, and as the living painter is 
'^ moil of ail iSe^d by the inferences refulting firom 
'^ this and other confiderations equally uncandid and 
•* edifying ; Mr. Hogarth^ by way of precautsoD, not 
•* puff, begs leave to urge, that, probably, this will 
•' be the laft fuit or ferics of pifturcs he may ever cx- 
^ hibir, bccaufe of the difficulty of vending fuch a 
** number at once to any tolerable advantage, and 
•* that the whole number he has already exhibited of 
^ the hiftorlcal or humourous kind does not exceed 
** fifty, of which the three fets called The HarlaVs 
** Pf/gr^, The Rake's JProgrefSy and that now to be 
** (bid, make twenty ; fo that whoever has a talk of 
^ bis own to rely on, not too iqueamilh for the pro- 
** du(Sion of a Modern, and courage enough to own 
^ it, by daring to give them a place in his colleftioo 
" (till Tiine, the fuppofed finilher, but real dcfigncr 
*• of p^btings, has rendered them fit for thofc more 

** facred 

C *79 ) 

♦* facred repofitories where Schools^ Names, Heads, 
** Mafters, &c. attain their laft ftage of preferment)^ 
** may from hence be convinced that multiplicity at 
^* leaft of his (Mr. Hogartb*s) pieces will be no di- 
•^ minution of their value.** 

Mr. l^ne, of HilUngdonj near Uxbridge, bought the 
(ix original pid:ures for 120 guineas^ at Hogartb^s 

%. A 

* The. account given in a former edition of this volume 
concerning the fale of the original pidures of Marriage a-lm^ 
madi^ being fomewhat erroneous, I am happy in the preient 
opportunity of acknowledging my obligations to Mr. Lam 
abovementioned, who has corrected my mi (lakes by a comma* 
nication of the following particulars relative to the purchife : 

'* Some time after they had been finiflied, perhaps fix or 

** fcven years, during which period Mr. Hogarth had been 

** preparing and pubiifliing prints from them, in the year 

** 1750 he advertiied the fale of the originals by a kind of 

^* au^ion not carried 00 by perfonal bidding, but by a written 

** ticket on which every one was to put the price he would 

'* give, with his naipe fubi'cribed to it. Thefe papers were td 

** be received by Mr. Hogarth for the fpgce of one month ; and 

*' the hii^heft bidder, at twelve o'clock on the laft day of x\\t 

** month, was to be the purchafer : and none but thofe who 

** had in writipg made their biddings were to be admitted oa 

*^ the day that was to determine the fale. Thisnouvelle me* 

" thod of proceeding probably difobliged the public ; and 

*^ there feemed to be at that time a combination againft poor 

'* Hogarth^ who perhaps, from the extraordmary and frequent 

'* approbation of his works, might have imbibed fome degree 

'* of vanity, which the toxvn in general, friends and toes, 

'^ (cemed refolved to mortify. If this was the cafe (and to 

^' me it is very apparent), they fully effe^ed their dt^lign ; for 

** on the memorable (ixth of June 1750, which w<)s to decide 

^' the fate of this capital work, about eleven o'clock Mr. Lane^ 

V the fortunate purchafer, arrived at the GolJeu Head\ w^en, 

*\ to his great furprize, expe^ing (uhu; he had been a witnefs 

T 4 ** to 

lead Jif Ac Ipcsab in nade tr> ini cisi^' of Jin&, 

• to ir. Tr J--;, »"hsr Strr ^vru diuiOKL of mam- ir hii im£qibb^ ' 
"^ TO mvi iDuuL ns i»iu:iiip-Tiion. ful or noim am. ^isa' per- 
** una jpri.. ut uiii- tuuiil tiif ixiinr--' aiiL ni: ni^fsninw Trent 
**l>:.-''tf-/«w-.fer5:ir- ti tiit knval ^iistsn . Talknif tnjjsths-.. 
^* auc ciqisitii!; l niiniiisr of neiutiiFr a: isat'u r nn: nf 
** buvsTi. i\ir. S/m^t* -iBBi. nniaiitsi' tut hinrhst: uaidro^. 
"*' fnm r vsniisnsai. v/ei. amnvru, a:^:2C Nuiinny coinxiii; 
■•* IT., .lUiiir tCT mmutBi! Dcnirt tv/»»vt. tr- int itsin^ ciiict n 
'^* tht ruon;, IHi. IjnrrTDic TAt. 'B.j^arti hr wnuiL xxiaic tiu. 
"*' pDiniUi gumeas. Txir ^\vdL tiiet ftnci: i w aWt , anL 'zlf 
" ^»-/£ wiii«L Mr. Ijwif im- ir ni; purjnak. hnnm^ it rj- 
*' ar apresamt imt. iyi-..Zii»r< aniwr^L. Pr-T^*ti- in. Nn«r 
*" lul.m- -L t icent: nf riil»iH>aii':^ fmir H^-rir-r" i-i-nc tnr 


*• X'uatr. anc. vun* ninTt: a fc l ie t. ^i*" i^v., : jrea: ann?T»-- 
** aiKc tr uimiriiTiintiitcin m tiic pamisr. anc rTir. TTixt 
•* ^rcii: Tcaiwr.. I'n^ I# !i ' Iui. loic! hiir.. be hat i\\jn nimttt: 
^ pTWJtn m fiMTj;: :nt oeisTxiiiiaRuir of tiit iair a: u oriy ar. 
** iiuur. vi«i. rut itrinitt a: :ba: par: uf it«- thvt^. v/crr hanii"* 
^ uii, Ht^tr'tt.. It £ lunt anc mamip' txxa: cniiit nn: eirirs. 
^ mjicrva*.!"!*, fnir.. Ptr^iap: r msty lit ic V*^. La»i. afis- a 
**jhu-: pauk. dt:c.tTr*:c hiniMei' ii ht nf Tm laxns nnininr.. 
** aflonig. tier :xit a^iF v.-a- ver'- iiiMr'y Tcwra^a-.'.r rn- ni- ::- 
*' iiour. auL. r nt 'ri"»!!^r r v-niiiL vnt o: ic^-'ir* 'r nin.. 
*■ v.i»Uif. gvvt uin Til- tUTCf r'=in:*4. u fmc t 112:12- rirr^ifcJT. 
^^ Jitfvtr'tr va'tTi'* a:iff:i:sr tut nfer. ant csip-efct ny- a:- 
*■ »-.iiov.i*:c.ff.TH'nr. iir ziit i: inane i? ir. tnt li^nnfrcf: lem^.i. 
" Vii*. pT!niiii.i i:i;*nrMic retxivec ^ca: enznmiumf nnir ::ie 
*• 1/ticitJ- . v'lii xrnjioisc It muke r punli::. Tui* u\i« ic-- 

*• <njir o: oir a-^il' wa- r^nn^mbcrsc bx niir. ir :nc :imt -if 
*• Hit uea:!* — *-:;oir nnt f *cin'j>:. twr nnur, xaoncr rn.ti rnt 
'• ".int* a;ipoim?:C u; A>.JLtfJi:, li*i^a-i* :a!C iit v:mi:; nr mn^r 
*' iTcipi'.i- ;m. II n jf^riieroirv. mi: :iia*., r iit va« i)i cater v.*i:ii 
*' UK uuvjiaiL. iit nimic:: aiiunuanu*- ir virt tnr nur- 
•k cbalir. Ht tutt: ticiir-c Mr. iij«f ir x)*riniiit tha: ht wnuic 
•* nir dnxMnt «j: tnt jiifturts vitnnii: p-ff\Hiuif\i arniiamtin|; 
*' hin :r iiK ini^ntion. anc tha: nt wnuic nr^-s" pcmii: apv 
♦• perxui., iiudsT prtnsiicc uf ci::aiiiug, U/ zncddtL wi± rncn., 

•• as 

C »8x 3 

September 24^ 1745* William Hogarth finx. C. Mofe^ 
leyfculp. , J 

3. The fame head cut out of the plate^ and printed 
off without the fpeech. 

; 4. The Battle of the Piftures. ^* Ticket to admit 
" per Jons to bid for bis works at an auSion** On the 
plate called Tbe Battle of tbe FiSures is written^ 
** The bearer hereof is entitled (if he thinks proper) 
^^ to be a bidder for Mr. Hogarth's pidtures, which 
'* are to be fold on the laft day of this month [Fe^ 

** bruary^ 1744-5-1" 

5* A feftoon, with a maik, a roll of paper, a 
palette, and a laurel. Subfcription ticket for Garrtck 
in Richard the Third. A very faithful copy frooi 
this receipt was made by R. Livefajy 1781. It is to 
be fold at Mrs. HogartVs houfe in Leicefler-fquare. 

^* as he always defired to taVe that office on hirofelf. Thit 
^' promife was readily made by Mr. Lane^vtho has beea tempted 
^* more than once by Hogarth to part with his bargain at a 
**• price to be named by himfelf. When Mr. Lam bought the 
*^ pictures, they were in Carlo Marratt frames which cofi the 
** painter four guineas apiece.** 

The memory of this occurrence ought always to attend the 
work which afforded Mr. Lane an opportunity of difplaying 
fo much difinterefted generoiity. 

Another correfpondent begins the fame ftory as follows—^ 
A little time before the audion, Hogarth publickly declared, 
th^t no pi^ure-dealer fhould be allowed to bid. He alfo called 
on his friends, requeuing them not to appear at the fale, at 
his houfe was fmali, and the room might be over crowded. 
They obeyed his injunctions. Early in this mortifying day he 
dreiled himfelf, put on his tye^wig, ftrutted away one hour^ 
fkvA fretted away two morCi no bidder appearing, &c. &c. 


Smem Lord Lnat *. Drawn from the Sfc, and 
im aquafarta by JFiUiam Hsgarth.^ Mogartb 
fud iiimfeif^ that Lord Lmafs portnut was taken (at 

* *' This |>ovrerfa1 laird, it las been obfenred, was one of 
^ 4he kft Chirftabt that jin.fci w &d rfae rude nxaimfin and bor- 
^ Imixhw authori^ of the cau^ feudal ^gea. He idEded in a 
** houfe which would be cfiacned but an indxficmit one for a 
^ verf ^iratc» plain co unti y {enrkman in ^w^mmi\ as it 
^ ^ad, |m>perlf 9 oo^r four rooas on a flocyr. -and cboie not 
** large* Bere, ^oapcver, lie kept a fort of court, and kvcral 
*^ pvblic tablet ; and had a nuoDeraus body of retainers alwavB 
^ attending. His own con^ftant refideDoe, and the place wiicre 
^ he ^oo tir cd companj, cwm at dinner, was in the vcrv iame 
^ roooD where he lodged ; and hii lady*K fole apurment was 
^ )aa bed-room ; and tiie only provi£on for the lodging of the 
^ iertaBtt, and retainen^ wat a quastirr of ftraw^ which tbcf 
^ iprcad every night, on the floon of the lower rooms, where 
^ the whole inferior part of the £imily, confifiing of a rery 
^ great number fiS perioos^ took up their abode.** See Mr* 
Kingt oliiervationf 00 ancient Ca£lcs, in the Arch^^iogtA^ 

Sir WiUimm Tntrng^ one of the managen appointed by the 
Commont of Crest Britaim^ for condu.'^ing the profccurion 
againil this Nobleman for High Treafen, in the year 174;, 
■Bakes the following obfen-atton : ^* Your Lordfliips have al- 
^ ready done national juAice on foroe of the principal traitors, 
^ who appeared in open arms againfl hts Majcily, by the or> 
^ dinary coorfe of law; but this noble Lord, who, in the 
** wholf courfe of his litV, has boai^ed of his fupe rior cunning 
^ in wickednefs, and his abiliry to commit frequent treafons 
** with impunity, vainly imaginrd that he might poffibly l>e a 
^ traitor in prirate, and rtbcl only in his heart, by lending 
** his fon and his followers to j<iin tlie Pretender, and rcmain- 
** ing at iM>mc hiaiiclf, to endeavour to deceive his Majclh-'s 
** faithful iiibjrdts ; hoping he might be rewarded for his foa*t 
•* fervtces, if fucccfsful ; or his /on alone be the fuffcrer for 
*' hn offences, if the undertaking failed : diabolical cunning ! 
•* monfuous impisty 1" Sec :>/ai€ Trials^ vol. IX. p. 627, 


t ^83 3 

Qie Whiie-Harij at St. ManU) in the attitude of re- 
lating on his fingers the numbers of the rebel forcei^ 
— *^ Such a general had fo many men, &c." and re* 
marked, that the mufcles of Lovat^s neck appeared 
of unufual ftrength^ more fo than he had ever fi^eo* 
When the painter entered the room, his lordihip» 
being under the barber's hands^ received his old 
friend with a falute, which left much of the lather 
on his face,— The fecond impreffions are marked^ 
Frice One SbiUing. When Hogarth had finiihed this 
plate, a printfeller offered its weight in gold for it* 
The impreffions could not be taken off fo faft as thejr 
were wanted, though the rolling-prefs was at work all 
night for a week together. For feveral weeks after* 
wards he is faid to have received at the rate of i%L 
^tt day. 

!• Mn Garrick * in the charafter of Richard IIL 
Tainted by Wm* Hogarth ; engraved by Wm. Hogartb 
^nd C Grignion. The late Mr. Duncombej of Dun* 
combe Fark in Torkjbirey gave 200 /. for the original 
picture, which is now in the pofleffion of his family. 
The expreffion of the countenance is happily hit oflT, 
but the figure is abundantly too large and mufcular. 
This print was afterwards, by Hogarth's perjniffion, 
copied for a watch -paper. 

* •* Mr. Garrick had icvcral of HogartPs paintings ; an<f 
•' the latttr dcGgned for him, as prcfident of xht SbakeJ^emre 
•' club, a mahogany chsrtr richly carved, on the back of 
^ which hangs a medal of the poet carved by Hogarth oat of 
** the muiberry-tr^rc planred at Stratford by Sbakejj^are.*^ 
Anecdotci of Paiating, vol. IV, p. i8o. edit. 8vo, i7&t. 

3. A 

I «84 3 

J. A fimd of vtrioas weapons, bag-pipes, &c« 
mod a pair of fciflars cutting out the arm 5 .^>t' Scotland. 
A fobfcription-ticket for the March 10 lincbUji of 
which the original price was only 7 ^. 6 c/. It was 
to be railed to loi. 6d. on clofing :\\c fubfcription. 
The additional three (hillings afforded the fubfcriber 
a chance for the original pid:ure. 

1747- / 
I. Stage-coach. An elcdion proceffion in the 

yard. Deji^nid and engraved by IVilliam Hogarth 

In this plate there is a variation. The early im*> 

preffions have a flag behind the wheel of the coach, 

infcribcd no old baby, which was the cry ufed bf 

the opponents of the honourable John Child Tyhtej 

(then Vifcount CaJHemain and now Earl Tylmy *) 

when he ftood member for the county oiEJfex^ againft 

Sir Robert Abdy and Mr. Bramfton. The figure ftiU 

carries a horn-book^ and a rattle in its hands. At the 

eledion, a man was placed on a bulk with an infant 

in his arms, and exclaimed, as he whipt the child, 

•• What, you little CbiU^ mull you be a member ?** 

The family name was changed from Child to Tylney 

by an zSt of parliament in 1735. In this difputed 

election, it appeared from the regifter-book of the 

parifli where Lord CafiUmain was born, that be was 

but 20 years of age. Some pains have been taken 

to afcertain the particular inn-yard in which the 

fcene is laid, but without fuccefs, fo many of the 

^ Since dead. — Uur Sacratic^i usttfims faffk ciMmi$s. 


|>ubUck-heu(es between fFhUecbapel and Chelmsfifi 
in ^Jix havjrig been altered, or totally rebuilt. . 

2. Induftry and Idlenefs, in twelve plates *. Mfi 
IValpolt ' obferves, that *' they have more merit in 
^' the intention than execution.'* At firft they were 
printed off on very thin papers . Elate Y. Thfi fceoe 
kCuckold^4 P^i^^ below London Bridge. Plate VI; 
In a few firft imprefiion^, f ^ Goodchild and Wefi*\ i$ 
written under the iign, inftead of ^^ Wejl and Godd^ 
** child. ^ Jtiogartb had inadvertently placed the liamc 
of > the junior partner firft. Some mercantile friend^ 
however, pointing out the miftake, when as yet only 
a few copies were taken off, . our artift cbrreded itj 
to avoid the criticifms'of Cheapfide and CornbilL In 
this plate is a figure of P/jtiip in the Tub, a well- 
known beggar and cripple, who was a conftant epit 
thalamift at weddings in London, and had vifited Ire* 
land and The Seven Provinces. The French clergy- 
man in Plate VIIL was defigned for Mr. PlaieU,' cu^ 
rate of Barnef. Plate XL The fcene is in a cellar 
of a noted houfe that went by the name of ^< The 

* The following defcription of HogartVi defign is copied 
from his own band-writing : ^* Induilry and Idlenefs exemplia 
'^ fied in the condud of two Fellow 'Prentices : where the one, 
** by taking good courfes, and purfuing points for which he 
** wat put apprentice, becomes a valuable man and an orna- 
'* meat to his country ; the other, by giving way to idleQei% 
*^ naturally falls into poverty, and ends fatally^ as is exprefled 
^* in the laft print* As the piints were intended more for 
>* ufe than ornament, they were done in a way that might 
** bring them within the purchafe of whom they might moil 
^' concern ; and, leil any print fliould be miilaken, the de- 
** fcriptioa of each print is eagraved at top/* 

•* Blood 

|liM< itat mtgm ihiK jbDMfc «Blr csUhitE^ x 

pttdni ;& omindi widbKC (^ OBI 

M Ai: <acif^ WBBK :aM9r. b Ffane XL s £«^ ^//i^ 
due «tf5l/-4cJi£;v^'x «imuier ;cif {nx^ermsa:;. Izit iiflLmc 
iMAip lib Ji CUT!, «/ lirii^Mm xfa£ Ibodr of sitf: .cnniinul, 
ii jbife ouiAier. Tkim^ faer &cs: s cmcsaisii, :fiif 
ii iiifkitif u»ftt'«j£ r>v iics- £3xssi of ibrmw. Ami tfar 
I^Uu:;!: tutfu: fttr lixtii WfiTL throu^tuiir itu irr^frromr 
OTfiMsitinuituttHi liif hm. Viaxt JLIL hreac-wt. Prmct 
4l( ff^tf^/^i, xiiul rttr Phncrfe afWalgif id the bakrony. 
Tthr itutuliirtk ni ttu; lU'tvctcfnuths* and fiiarianers^ 
Cnin^HiiiuN. ujirirtur in thr jirciccfiiDn. Thr &ig. or the 
unriiuT ii( niu iti xiiv Aaiuls, tieiong;; to the }'innens 
anil ?Mrr.illi!T«.. Tht hiiiT tor this icries oi nrinrs was 
fwwlf!nr»v luucij trnni rhr iiu! comedy o* Luiizziard' 
itoff, l»v "^iontoH^ C^pjiuiH, aiu! Air'/ion. renrinred in 
li9i/// ^ CAMfuSitmv n! Old Pinvs. *' Tht- tccnes of 
•• luMifHi wwCi ilu f':unmj!i-iuuifL.''as ^ir. l'\dpoL vizW 
illilafve<ft. '* nrr iniiimahU* rt^prcfcnrations or our t'e- 
•' timr. tollit*^, OT unavoidable woes ; and tht con- 
'• txxw fhuwr. lu xwt: loru-n:nvor, when the. compa- 
♦ niot" IV \\\> childhood i^ hrnugh: bcforr him as a 
*' crinunal, is a touching; niiturw, an*.! hv^ with hu» 
•• nwnr AiinuMuiion and rcft^Aon." Th. urc ccw 
mrdur. I\ti. "/lilt/., i^cv ^^othcr»vilc Tiancz^ anc bro- 
ihei ui the ^uinur ot that naniCy dranutuci; tnia k*- 

ries q£ prints ; and MT.Kinii BO«r deputyHalaliiga^ 
of Drury-Iam, performed the chara^r of the Goo4 
Trentice. \ 

Thefc Plates were v^touched hj Hogarii i hut, as 
ufual, whatever they gained irk refped to foroe^ they 
loft in the article of cleaitiefs. They, oflfer no vacia^ 
tions, except fuch as are dccafioDed by his having 
thrown a few of the figures into . ihade^ that others 
might appear more prominent. Dr, Ducarel informed 
me, that the paflages of Scripture applicable to the 
different fcenes were feleded for Mr. Hogartb, by 
his friend the Rev. Mr. Arnold King. 

In ^e following year was publiihed/ price one 
Hulling (biding an explanation of the moral of twelve 
celebrated prints lately publifhed, and defigned by 
the ingenious Mr. Hogarth) j ** The Effeds of In- 
<' duftry and Idlenefs> illuftrated in the Life, Ad* 
^* ventures, and various Fortunes of Two Felloir 
*• 'Prentices of the City of London : fliewing the 
<' different Paths, as well as Rewards of Virtue and 
^* Vice ; how the good and virtuous 'Prentice, by 
<^ gradual Steps of Induftry, rofe to the higheil 
*^ Pitch of Grandeur ^ and how, by contrary Pucy 
** fuits, his Fellow- Trentice^ by Lazinefs and Wick* 
^' ednefs, came to die an ignominious Death at the 
'^ Gallows, t^ This little book ought to be read by 
" every Trentice in England, to imprint in their 
<< hearts thefe two different examples, the contrary 
•* effedls each will produce on their young minds 
^' being of more worth . than a hundred times thcr 
'^ price, /• €. an abhorrence of the vice and wicked* 
4. " ncfs 

« k6 tbejr pcfcrive in die <me boy, ind, ao die 
^ co tt tfaqr, an endcmronr after an ixnitatioo of die 
^ afiioos of the other. And is a more proper pre* 
^tmt to be given to die Chamber of Lomhn, at the 
M binding and enrolling an ap[Mentice» than any 
«« tther book whatever. Printed by Charles Corbett, 
^ at jUdifouj Head in Fleet- ftreet.'' 

3. Jacobus Giiii, architedbus. TT. Hvgartb ieHn. 
B. Barmfctdf. 

4. Jacohu Gibbs, architedus. W. Hegartb delin. 
7. M^ ArdeUfec. Partly mezzotinto^ pardy graved. 
No date. 

5. To this period may be referred the arms of 
ne feundlifig HoJpiiaU printed off on the tops of 
Ae indentures ; together with 

6. The fame, but fmaller ; employed as a fronrif« 
piece to ^' Pfalms, Hymns, and Anthems ; for the 
** Ufe of the Children of the Hofpital for the Main* 
*' tenance and Education of expofed and defcned 
" Young Children/' 

They are both claficd here, becaufe the original 
drawing (fee under the year 17S1) is dated in 



1. A monk leading an afs with a Scotch man and 

woman on it, &c. A wooden cut. Head pcce to the 

** Jacobite's Journal.** This was a news^paper fee 

up and fupported by Henry FieUrrg^ and carried on 

for a few months with fome fuccefs. The wooden* 

cut was only prefixed to fix or feven of the papers. 


C 489 ] 

iBeibg fiiintly executed, it was icon worn out, and 
has lately been copied in aqua tinta by Mr. Livefay. 

2. Pool of Bitbefda^ from the pidure* he painted 
for Sti, Bariholomtw^s Hofpitah Engraved by Ravenei 
for Si j^ufien, as a frontifpiecc for Stackboufe^s Bible. 
In this plate^ I am afiured by an old acquaintance of 
Mn Hogarth f is a faithful portrait of Nell Robinfon^ 
a celebrated courtezan, with whom, in early life^ 
they had both been intimately acquainted. 


i . ^ The Gate of Calais J. Engraved by C. MoJIey 

^ Of this pidlure Mr. S. Ireland has a large fketch in oil. 
t In The General Advertifer^ March {^^ 1748-9, appeared th# 
following i 

" This day is publiflied, price 5;, A Print, defigncd and en- ^ 
*• graved by Mr. Hogarth^ reprefcnting a Prodigy which 
V lately appeared before the O^x^ of Calais. 

«• O the Roatt Beef of Old England! 
•* To be had at the Gelden-Head^ in Lclcefter-Squart^ and at 
*» the Print Shops.'* 

t The following lines were written by the Rev. Mr. Tawnlcy^ 
Matter of Merchant Taylors* School^ and fpoken by one of the 
fcholars, O^oitr 22, 1767, 

Littore in oppofito, quit turrim Dunn's m altum 

Oftentans, ur^das innperiofa regit, 
Ferrca flat, mnlto cum milite, porta Cakji : 
(Ingeninm piftxit talia, Hogarthcy tuum). 
En \ fudans carnis portat latus ille bovile, 

Qpem, trepidis genibus, grande fatigat onus ; 
Obflupet hie fixis ocuUs atqiic ore patenti, 
£t tenue, invitus, jus cito mittit humi : 
Accedit monachus, digito tangcnte rubenten:i 

Carnero, divinum prodigiumque colit. 
Omnia vil'a placent animum ; nun pafcis inani 

Pic^urA, pariier qu« placet atque docet. 
Egrcgius patrix proprios dat pi£tor honores; 
lie palmam juda ell fent bovina caro. 

U and 

€ ^90 1 

and fK UogOfth. '< Ws own head fietchlng the view. 
^^ He was arrefled when be was making the dramng^ 
•• but fit at liberty 'uhen bis furpoje was known** Sec 
above, p. 49* Mr. Watpole alfo obierves, that in 
this piece, though it has great merit, ^' the carica- 
** tura is carried to cxcefs.* Mr. Pine the engraver 
fat for the portrait of the Friar, a circumftance of 
which he afterwards repented * ; for, thereby ob- 
taining the nick-name of Friar Tine^ and being 
much perfccured and laughed at, he ftrove to pre- 
vail on Hogarth to give his Ghoftly father another 
face. Indeed, when he fat to our artift, he did not 
know to what purpofe his iimilitude would afterwards 
be applied. The original picture is in the poffcffion 

♦ Mr. // tf/.^.'.V'j Dcv edi:ion of his ** Acecdotcs of Painiing* 
hn\'.:.5; bctn pubHHsed whil ft ihc prcisr.t page was pre pii ring 
lor the iccrnd edition, 1 took ihc cirlicfi onoorturitv of let- 
\\\\^ t!a: . i'lr.irab!? writer Tpcak tor h n'.:e'.:. in anuvcr to a 
j'ai..w'ii! :r ::; wM:h I hiii pic'iun.c.i to dln^r from him. 
** i: .■/. . ■' Ti'-.-.-jcd his :pi:lt oi" ridic*.:': 'v\ pcri"ora;i:ics," ^I 
:io\ •- . i..i' woi^ii .:t ?.Ir. //«•>."• •' :: -zx-zt pr«^ceedi.: bc- 
•* \i^r' !!":^? an..! ; h.i p::r'? tcuLhed the Jolly, 
•' b'.v. i-.vv ' . ::c:iVa, Far'.y he drcv a no red r..i*.'c.7, oz^z 
•* 1 :" ::'c .■...;...-. -;"^ag a iTiafiiff tLat bad rtbbcc lis kirwhcn^ 
•• 1. .: :' J :;.!:: .':;.■ *-*« sou Vierit to hii houVc and cut :r.r 
*' p.r;:^ ... r.^ccs"*. i have been reproved for thitf.flcrtica/' 
ci :;:';.. ^> * .r apr^rcnblc }:i ^^r:v::ci, •* and irjftanccs hive 
'• t>«.-: j-.oT.Tii c.;j: thit coriira^::*:: n-.c. 1 tm f;r from 
*• *^i .:. .\: =:: ::: an ;*rror, ar.t: i.- ^ i,:jw :ha: n:v po'Jtv.n waf 
»...,..,•.. y ^^ V . . ; ; fr.^'^ ^ . .• .V. J - ,^ ;_^-- ^^ £ s Jd'^ : cd ■•. c re by 

: .^ : .-. : i ■. i c i :: ^ *»t u r.. 5 . ^ j ; T.- .% c7 - *r and Dr. 3/.' i*-^: « 
■. n t ^ i" /f- • . . ; ' /*•-. ^" J. ' wc : tf . .i : her c \r n* pic* id t r. ' i n v d th in 
*• :...:..?. Or^.-*?. ^i Mr. P. .,' , were irerf p'.^rtraK*, *c:ro- 
** d-..-^^; by ilxir «. / r. ^!c::nf, o: ^itli tccir coaicni/* 

• 5^c ibovr. j\ f «• 

I of 

* 'I'- 

of the Earl ottbarlmoni. :. Soon yter it was fiAi^ied, 
it fell xl^wh'by accident^ and a naif ran tffiough the 
crofs^on the top of the gate. Hogarth ftrove in vain i 
to mend it with the fame colour^ fo as to conceal the 
blcmilh. He therefore . introduced a ftarved crow, 
looking down on the roaft-beef^^'and thus completely 
covered the defied. j 

The figuip of the half-fiarved French ccntiiel has ^ 
fince b^n copied at the top of more than one of 
the printed a4yertifements for recruits, where it is 
oppofed 10 the reprefentation of a, well-fed BritiJIy 
foldier. Thus the genius of Hogarth flill militates 
in the caufe of hit country, . . 

A copy of this print was likcwife engraved at the 
top of a Cantata, intituled, T^he Roajl Beef of Ola 
England. A^it is probable that the latter was pub' 
lilhed under tne fandion oif our artift, I Ihall, with- 
out fcruple,nranfcribe it. 


*Twa$ at the Gates of Calais, Hogarth tclls^ , 
Where fad Defpaif and Famine always^iwells, 
A meagre Frenchman, Madam Grand/ire's cook. 
As home he fleered his carcafe, that way took. 
Bending beneath the weiglit of fam*d Sir-loin, 
On whom he often wifti'd in vain to dine. 
Good Father Dominick by chance came by. 
With rofy gills, round paunch, anci greedy eye ; 
Who, when he firft beheld the greafy load^ • 
His bcncdiftion on it he beftow'd ; 

U 2 And 


t^9* J 
hiir finger prefs'd. 
He lick'd h^cbaps, and thus the knight addrefi'd : 

A hvelj Ltfs to M Friar campkc. 
O rare Roafi Beef I lavM hj all mankind. 

If I was doomed to l|pve thee^ 
When drefs'd and gamiihM to my mind, 

Aild fwtmming in thy gravy. 
Not all thy coi2ncr3r*s force combined 

Should (rem my fury fave thee. ^ 

Rcnown'd Sir^kin, oft-tknes decreed 

The theme of En^ajb ballad, 
£Vn kings on thee have deign'd'to feed, 
4 Unknown to Ftencbmatfs palate ; 
Then how much more thy tafte ctxceeds 

Soup- meagre, frogs, and falJad. ft 


A half-ftarv'd foldier, ihirtlefs, pale and lean, 
^^Tio fuch a fight before bad never feen, 
Like Garrick^s frighted Hamlet^ gaping flood. 
And gaz'd with wonder on the Britijh food. 
His morning's mefs forfook the friendly bowl. 
And in fmall dreams along the pavement dole : 
He heavM a figh, which gave his heart relief. 
And then in plaintive tone declar'd his grief. 

* A 1 R. 

Ah, facre Dieu ! vat do I fee yonder, 
Dat looks fo tempting, red and white ? 

Begar I fee it is de Ro4(fi Beef from Lcr:dre, 
O grant to me one letel bite. 



C aw J 

18ut to my guts tf yoii give no heeding. 

And cruc! Fate dis boon denies, ^ 
In kind compHion (q my pleadings 4 

Retell and let Ite feaft my eyes. 

R B tf I T A T 1 V E. 

His fellow guard, of rigj^t Hibernian clay, 
Whofe brazep front his country did betray. 
From TyiurnU fatal tree had hither fled. 
By honed means to get his daily bread ; 
Soon as iho well-known profpe& heifpy'd. 
In blubbering acxrents dolefully be cried : 



EJlfn d RooHf^ &c» 
Sweet Beef^ that now caufes my ftomach to rife. 
Sweet Beefy that now caufes my ftomach to rife, 
^So taking thy fight is. 
My joy that fo light is. 
To view thee, by pailfuls runs out at my ey^ 

While here I remain, my life's not worth a farthing, 
^\^hile htre I remaiij, my life's not woircb a farthing, ^ 

. Ah! hard-hearted Zi^zc^^ 
Why did I comofcto ye ? 
The gallows, more kind, would have fav'd me from 

Jftanring, -; 


Upon the ground har(L|;)y fioor Sawney fate, - 
Whored hi^ nofe^ and icrat^'d bis ruddy pate \ 
But when Old Englan<rs bulwark he defcry'^. 
His dearlov'd mull, alas ! was thrown afide. 4 

With lifted hands he blefs'd his native place. 
Then fohib'd himfelfj and thus bewailed Jaiis cafe : 

% U 3 AIR. 

C «94 ] 

; AIR. r 

^ ^ Th^ Broom ofCowdenknows^ &c. 
How hard, O Sawney I it th^ot, 

W ho ii'as fo bly th of late, • * 

To fee fucb meat as can't be got, 5 

When hunger is fo great ! 
the Beef^ the bomy bonny BeefU 

Wten roafted nice and brmvn, 
J wijh / bad afiice of thee, 

Hira: fweet it would gong down^ 
Ah, Charley! hadft thou not been fecn, * 

This ne*er had hapt tp me : 
I would the De'el bad pickt mme eync 
Ere 1 had gang'd with thee. 
the Becf^ &c. 


But fee ! my Mufe to England takes her flight 
Where Health' zvA Plenty chearfully unite. 
Where fmiling Freedom guards great George^s throne^ 
And cliains, and racks, and tortures are not known : 
\\ luji'e I'\i;/-e fuperior bards have often wrote. — 
An £::cicnt fable give mc leave to quote. 

A f R. 

T/?e RcLift hccf of Old England. 

Ai once on a time a young Frog^ pert and vain, 

I{{ li' Id a Jar^e Ox grazing on the wide plain, 

J !(- beaded his fize he coDld quickly attain. 

Oh I the Rojjt. Beef, &c. 

' Then eap^erly ftretchipg his weak little frame, 

Mar.HiiH, who Hood by, like a knowing old danc, 

Criol, ** Son, to attempt it you're greatly toblamc.** 

Ul ! tie Rmjl Djif^ &c. 4» 


C ^95 ] 

But, deaf to advice, he for glory did thirfl. 
An eflfort he vennirM, more (Irong than the firft, 
Till fwelling and firming too hard, made him buKt. 
* Obi tj^ RojtSe^, &c. 

Then, Britons^ be valiant ; the moral is clear : 
The Ox is Old England, the Frog is Mollfieur, 
Whofe puffs and bravadoes we need never fear. 
Obt tfe Roaft Beef^ &c. ' ' 

For while by our commerce and arts we arc able 
T6 fee the brave Ox fmoaking hot on our table. 
The French muft «'en croak, like the Frgg in the fable. 
Obi tbe Roaft Beef, &c. 

Printefl for iJ. Sayer, at the Golden Buck in Fleei^ 
Jireet ; and J. Smithy at HogartVs Head in Cbeapjide. 

At the end of a pamphlet which I ihall ha^ occa* 
fion to mention under the year 1755, was announced, 
as fpeedily to be publilhed under the aufoites of our 
artift, *' A Poetical Defcription of Mr. H^artVs 
" celebrated print, The Roaft Beef of Old England, 
" or the French furprized at the Gate of Calais.'* 

2. Portrait of John Palmer^ cfq,4ord of the ma- 
nor of Cogenhoe or Cooknoe, aild patron of the church, 
of Edon in Northamptonftnre. W. Hogarth pint. B. 
Baron fculp. This fmall head is inferred under a 
view of Eilon Church. 

3. His own head in C^^Py ^ P^g-^^y ^nd i pa- 
lette with thcline of beauty, ftc. infcribed Gulielmnt 
Hogarth. Seipfe pimcit & Jculpjit. Very fcarce, bc- 
cauf:: Hogarth erafed bis own porbrair, and introduced 

U 4 that 


I »9« ] 

that of Mr. Cburcbill, under the charaAcr of z bear, 
in fh roonu See under the year 1763. 

On this print, in its original fiate, the ScaadaGzade^ 
ft fatire publiflicd about 1749, has the following 
lines. The author rcprefents himfclf as ftanding be* 
fore the window of a print-ihop. 
•* There elbowing in *mong the crowd with a jog, 
'' Lot good hihcrTutil, faid I, witikfeisdog! 
'* But the artirt is wrong; for the dog Ihould be drawn 
*• At the heels of his matter in trot o'er the lawn* — 
^' To yuur idle remarks I take leave to demur» 
•' *Tis not y^W/, nor yet his canonical cur, 
•* (Quoth a fage in the crowd) for Pd have you to 

*• know, Sir, 
^* 'Tit H0fi^rib himfelf and his honeft friend Tiwfer^ 
** Infcprate companions I and therefore you fee 
'* Cheek by jowl thcv are drawn in familiar degree; 
*^ Both ftriking the eye with an equal eclat, 
«• The biped fhi here, and the quadruped Tirai — 
^ Yen mean — the j^rcat dog a:ul the man, I j'::ppo:e, 
•■ Cx ih? man anJ. the t*o£ — l^'i 'u:; nsvcuchufc. — 
•• Yv*u vOi'»c\*t vouMclf righ:'y — \\;:rr. ir.'jcn '^ Vs 

•• F.^! !hc Av*i;S.ic4^. iVTiV^ v(x: i.:^ iScuki have zxi'L 

•' ^*V, 

•' i-^ :re"-: wa*'* 
^' \ i^^*-** i :vji.7* x:c 4 j\^":cc c cr^s.. 

f< Whom ^rotflaid* delivers to praife as hi^friend f 
^< Thus a jaclSiapes a lion would fain rccommenct^ 
^* The very fclf facnc — how boldly they ftrikc, 
<^ And I can't forbear thinking tlicy Ve fomewhat 

« allke.^ 
** Oh fie ! to a dog would you Hogarih compare ?«^-*« 
^^ Not fo — ^I fay only they're alike as it were, 
^^ A refp^fbiUe pait ! all fpeAators allow, 
*' Apd that they deferve a defcription below 
^' In capital letters, Behold we are Two.** 

4. Portrait of Hogartb, fmall circle. Mr, Bafin 
(to whom this plate has been afcribed) fays it is 
much in our artift's manner. On enquiry, however, 
it appears to be no other than a watch-paper " Pub- 
*' liffied according^ to A& of Parliament by R. Sayer^ 
'* oppofite Fetterlaney Sept. 29, 17^9," and ccr* 
tainly copied from the fmall portrait of our artift 
introduced in The Roajl Beef of Old England. , Ano- 
ther head of him, with a fur cap on, was alfo edited 
by the lame printfeller, at the fame time* There is 
likewife a third head of Hofortb^ in an oval, prefixed 
as a frpntifpiece to ^* A Diftertation" on his fix prints, 
&c. Gin Lane, &c. which appeared in J75i» 

l« nomas Herrings Archbiihop of Canterbury^ 

W9 Hogarth p. B. Baron fculp. Of this pifture (which 

is prefcrved in Lambeth-Palace) the Archbiihop, i9 

a letter to Mr. Duncambe, fays, ** None of' my 

* The name under which Fielding wrote a news-paper caU^ 
^d The Jacohitis Journal, the froQtifpiece .by Hogarth. ^ 

♦* friends 


C «9« 1 

^ fritn^ cao bear HagariVs pifture ;** and Mr. 
JkmmSe, die Wb, m a note to this e^lUe^ obferves, 
chat '^ tbif jnfture (as appears by the print engraved^ 
*f hf Barm in 1 750) exhilnts rather a caricature than 
^ ^likenefsy the figure being gigantic, the features 
^ ^1 aggravated and quires ^ and, on the whole, (o 
^ far from conveying an idea of that 6s flaoitm^ 
^ nmefjuc henigni^ as Dr. Jortm expreffisi it, that 
'^ engaging fweetnefs and benevolenq^, which were 
^ chara&eriftic of this prelate^ that they feem rather 
^ expreffive of a Bonner^ who could bum a heretic 

^ l^aCi hard features Hogarth might command ; 
^ A Herrings fweetnels aiks a Rtpiolds" hand." 

BtgMTib .however made the following obfervation 
while the^'Archbiihop was fitting to him': '^ Your 
^* Grace, perhaps, does not know iSiat fome of our 
** chief dignitaries in the church have hifd the bed 
^ lucM in their portraits. The mofl excellent head^ 
^^ painted by Fandyck and Knellir^ were thofe of 
•^ Laud ar.fl THIotfim. The crown of my works will 
^' be the ri'prcfcnraiion of your Grace**' 

1. Jacobui Gtbbs^ Architedus, A* M.and F.R. S. 
H$g0rth djln^ Baron f'ulp. The fame face as that in 
1747, but in an oftngon frame, which admits more 
of ihc Wly to be fhcwn, as well as fomc architcc- 
ture in the back ground, i here is alfo a fmaller 
head of l/Mi, in a circle, &c. but whether engraved 
by laron from a pidture by Hogarth^ or any other 
hand, is uncertain. Perhaps it was defigned as a 
vignctic for I'omc fplcndid edition of Gibbi^s works. 

3, The 

C 299 3 ^ 

' 3. The March to Ftncbley ♦, dedicatdl to the Eng 
ollPruffia \ [as " an Encouragcr of the Arts/'] " in 
^* r^entment for the late king^s fending for the piUure 
•* to St. yames% and returning if without any otbi^ 

* Gemeral jiJvirti/er^ April i^^ 1750, 
Mr Hflg^rth is publifhiag, by fubfcription, a print repJisTeot* 
iDg the*V!iarch Co Pincbliy ipk thje year 174)6, engraved on.a^cop- 
per-plate, 12 nches^by li* The price t, 

Subforiptions ar^^faikcn in at fit Gulden Head in Leieefgr" 
fields^ till the 30th OT this inftant; and not longer, to the end 
that the eogrppng indy not be retarded. 

Note, Fach Print will be half a Guinea after the Subfeyip«. 
tion is d<rer. 

In the Snbicription-book, are the particulars of a projif^ 
whereby each fubfcriber of three (hillings, over and above thft 
faid feven {hillings and iixpence for the print, will,, in confi« 
deration thereof, be entitled to a chance of having the original 
pii^ure, which (hall be delivered to the winning fut^fcfib^ as 
foon as the engraving is finiihed. 

General ^dverti/er^ Ma^ I, 17 50. 
Yeflerday Hbv Hcg^ih^s fnbfrription was clpfed. i8a§ 
chances^ faejng fubfcribed for, Mr. Hogarth gave the remaining; 
167 chaAces to The Foundling Ho/pital^ At two o*clock the bodC 
was'opened, and the fortunate chance was N* 1941, which be* 
longs to the faid Hofpithl ; and tfie fame night lAv. HogmrA 
delivered the pi£tore to the Goyerhors. 

t PRUSIA, in the earlied impre&ons. I have been aiTured 
that only twenty -live were worked off with this literal im- 
perfcdliOT, as Hogarth grew tired of adding the mark." with a 
pen over one S, tofupply the want of the other. He tlicre-' 
fore ordered the infcription to be corredJed b»jr«.rc any greater 
nnmfx:]: pf iropreilions were taken. Though this circuflfiance 
was minitioned by Mr. 7hane^ to whofc e^iperience in fucl| 
niatters fome attention is due, it is difliculc to fuppofe that 
Hogarth wasbitigued with correcting his own miilake iii fo 
fmall a numfier of the firift Imprcllions. 1 may venture to 
add, that I have fecn, at leaft, five and twenty marked in the 
manner already defcribcd : and it is fcarce poflible, confider- 
ing the multitudes of thefe plates dilpcrled in the world, that 
1 fliould have UiCt with all that were fo dillinguilhcd. 

^' notice.*' 


» ■ 


^ notft.^ TUs print is engravii fy Luke Sullivan ; 
but afterwards, as we learn from a pote at the bot* 
tomofitp was '^ Retouched and mf oved by M/^. 
^ Hfgartbf and republiihed June 12, i76u''''Tbc 
m^rmements in it^ however^ remain to be difcovered 
by better eyes than mine. 

I am authorized to add. -that foon aftft the 
lottery defcribed in a note at the beginning of 
this article, our artifl: waited on The treafurer to 
^the Foundling Ho/trital, acquainting hfto that the 
^ tniftees were at liberty to difpofc of the pi&ure 
by^udion. Scarce, however, was the meflage deli- 
vered, before he changed his mind^ and never after* 
wards would confent to the meafure he had originally - 
propofed* The late Duke of Aneaftm offered the < 
hofpital 300 /• for it. The folklwing complete ex- 
pbnation of it is in The Siudenty voU^IL p. 162. 
It is fuppofed to have been written by the ingenious 
Mr. Bonnel Tbomion. 

^ The fcene of this reprefcntation is laid at Tot- 
•• fenham Court Turnpike ; the King'^^Head, Adam and 
•• £vf , and the Turnpike-bou/e^ in full view ; |)eyond 
^ which are difcovered parties of the guards, bag* 
^' gage, &c. marching towards Higbgate, and a beau- 
•* tif A diftant profpeft of the country ; the fky fine- 
** ly painted."' The pi&ure, confidered together, af* 
'' fords a view of a military march, and the humours 
*^ and diforders confequent thereupon. 

7 «* Near 

^ Near the center of the pifture, the painter hfjk 
<' exhibited bis principal figure, which is a handfome 
# young grenadier, in whofe face b ilrongly depicted 
'^ rq^entance mixed with pity and concern ; the o^ 
^^ cafion of which is difclofra by two females puttifig 
•* in their claim for his perfon, one of whom' has ^ 
<' hold of bis right arm, and the other hzs feiiceltSk 
*^ left. The figure %pon his right hand^ and pcv- 
" baps placed '^tber^Ujr the painter by way of prefc- 
^' rence (as the objed ef love is more defirabFe thaif 
*' that of duty), is a fine young girl in her perfon, 
<< debauched, with child, and reduced to the mifer* ' 
^^ able employ of felling ballads, and who, with a 
*' look full of love, tcndernefs, and diftrefs, cafts up 
her eyes upon her undoer, and with tears defcend- 

ingdown her cheeks, feems to fay -fare you can'* 

not-^^-^vill not leave me ! The perfon and deport- 
ment of this figure well juftifies the painter's turn- 
*' ing the body of the youth towards her. The wo- 
** man upon the left is ai ftrong contrail to this girl ; 
*^ for rage and jealoufy have thrown the human 
*' countenance into no amiable or defirable fonn. 
'• This is the wife of the youth, who, finding him 
engaged with fuch an uglyjlut^ aflaults him with a 
violence natural to a woman whofe perfon and 
beauty is negleded. To the fury of her counte- 
nance, and the dreadful Weapon her tongue, an- 
•* other tenor appears in her hand, equally formida- 
** ble, which is a roll of papers, whereon is wrote, 
" The Remembrancer I a uord of dire and triple im- 

" pert; 




L A 1 

Mt ; ar.ii "1«^ :ir:ie 7. ocd ia alio 1 case tipcsSBB^ 

r » 

>- !::zfi iL.o-ar At a zicrirrirg. ■^"* 



', I vi!'-e r.jic:!: upon ritr r'rg riie irjc mcu.- 
ad «nriTt;r.g id> the fpirx at cie gjRss ac- 

•• Ic :5 cafily cuctrnifcle chaf zhc raro fstciLn ar? 
^ of d^i^rest pirties* lTi£ hrllid of G^J .drcr jar 
^ joMr £riij(, and a print of :he Dftb ^ Cambaind^ 
*^ in (he balLct of the girl, and che crol^ upon the 
^^ back of the wifcj whh the implcmencs of her occu- 
'^ pation^ fuficitntly denote the painter's intention : 
« and, vi^hat is truly bcautifol^ thefe incidents are 
'^ applicable to the march. 

" The hard-favoured ferjeant diredlj behind^ who 
•* cnjoj'S the foregoing fccne, is not only a good 
^' ccnrraft ro the youtn, but alfo, with other heljjs, 
*^ throws forward the principal figure. 

^* Upon the right of the grenadier is a drummer, 
^' who alfo has his izco Rimembrancen^ a woman and a 
** boy, the produce of their kinder hours; and who 
*' have laid their claim by a violent feizure upon 
** his perfon. The figure of the woman is that of a 
•• complainant, who reminds hirn of her great ap- 
** plications^ as well in fending him clean to guard, 
^' as other kind offices donc^ and his promifes to 

" make 


C 303 3 

■ ■ ■ * J * 

^< make her an honeft womani which he, bttfe itld 
^^ ungrateful^ has forgot, and pays her affcdion with 
" nceleft. The craning of her neck Ihews her rc- 
'^ monftrances to be of the ihriU kind, in which (he 
*^ is aided by the howling of her boy. The dn|nH 
<' mer, who has a mixture of fu«i and wickednefs ja 
his face, having h^d as many reproaches as fuit 
his prefent inclinations, with a bite of his lip, and 
a leering eye, appfies to'the inftrument of noife ia 
^ his profeffion, and endeavours to drown the united 
^* clamour ; in which he is luckily aided by the ear^ 
^^ piercing fife near him. 

*' Between the figures before defcribed, but more 
^* baik in the picture, appears the important but 
** meagre phiz of a Frenchman, in clofe whifper with 
** an Independent. The firft I fuppofc a fpy upon the 
** motion of the army, the other probably drawn 
** into the croud, in order to give intelligence to his 
^^ brethren, at their next meeting, to commemorate 
^* their noble ftruggle in fupport of Independency. 
^^ The Frenchman exhibits a letter, which he affures 
him contains pofitive intelligence, that 10000 of 
his countrymen are landed in England, in fupport 
of liierty and independency. ^The joy with which 
** his friend receives thefe glorious tidings, caufes 
** him to forget the wounds upon his head, which he 
** has unluckily received by a too free and prema- 
^* ture declaration of his principles. 

*^ There is a fine contrail in the fmile of innocency 
^' in the child at the woman's back, compared with 

« the 

« • 


r ^. 

*iOO^s.r' I hi/.li:- .'iBn^ i Jiifri . mil cme 
f ' ■ ■• . - « 

^Ttf, .»■•>■ ■ .fall* .<• ^'M« ^?- ■- 4. .i«i ■■« «'. .A**^ >' ..i.>. • . ...1^ 

' # ^ 

#< .^-^ -'. ^ -rt-*-"*-- '-« I*- '%«-v^ --- — - - .1"""" • "■' --•-•-* 

■ -.■»■:• 


^ ■ ■- i * - 

•i. • ..<«•. 

* ■ • ■ ■ 

^ and p$st the fnj, in which ddign (he is Hopped 
^ by a felloWj who prefers fun and mifchief to hu« 
^ maoity. Above their heads appears a little man ^ 
^ of meagre frames but full of fpiritSj who enjoys 
^ the combat, and with fids clenched, in imi^ina- 
'* tiott deals blow for blow with the heroes. This 
*' figure is finely contrafted, by a heavy lluggifh fel- 
*< low juft behind. The painter, with a llroke of 
^* humour peculiar to himfelf, has exhibited a fi^re 
** Ihripking under the load of a heavy box upon his 
*' back, who^ preferring curiofity to eafe, is a fpeda- 
^ tor, and waits in this uneafy ftate the iflue of the 
*^ combat. Upon a board next the fign, where roots, 
*^ flowers^ &c. were faid to be fold, the painter has 
^^ humoroufly altered the words, and wrote thereon, 
^Tottenham-Court Nurfny; alluding to a bruifing- 
^ booth in this place, and the group of figures un* 
•* demeath. 

'' Faffing through the turnpike, appears a carriage 
** laden with the implements of war, as drums, haU 
*' berts, tent-poles, and hoop^petticoats. Upon the 
*' carriage are two old women-campaigners, funking 
^^ their pipes, and holding a converfation, as ufual, 
^* in fire and fmoke. Thefe grote(que figures afford 
^* a fine contrail to a delicate woman upon the fame 
^'carriage, who is fuckling a child. This excellent 
^' ^gure evidently proves, that the painter is as ca* 
'^ pable of fucceeding in the graceful ilyle as in the 

* The real or nick name t){ this man, who was by trade a 
fobler^ it iai4 to have been Jockey Jamtt.. 

X ** humourous. 

C 3P6 I 

• hu ii Mff^r'f- A Ikrie boy lacs at xhc itsx of mit 
^ %iire; and the paxniery :o i&ev him of maniai 
*^ hrttd^ has placed a ucail rrjiaper in his nnurh. 

•• The fcrio'is group of The pnadpal ^jircs^ la 
^ the center, is aaeiy reiierai by a xene of humour 
^ CO the left* Here an odker has frized a mUk- 
'^ wench, and Is kiiEng her hi a manner exceffirrdy 
^ lewd, /et noc unplcanng to the girl, if her eye is 
^^ a proper interpreter of her a&dions : while the 
^ ofuccT'% ruffles fuffi^ in this a&ioOy the girl pays 
'^ her price, by an arch foldier, who in her abieace 
^ of attention to her pails, is filling his hac wicb 
^ milk, and, by his waggifh eye, leems alio to par- 
^ take of the kif&ng fcene. A cbxmney-fweeper^s 
^ boy with glee puts in a requeit to the ibidier, to 
^ fupply him with a cap full, when his own turn is 
^^ ferved ; while inorher ibldxer points out the fun to 
^* a fellow felling pyes, who, with an inimitable face 
** of fimple joy, negleds the care of his goods, which 
** the I'oidier rfcxteroufly removes with his other 
^ hand. In the figure of the pye-man, the pencil has 

*' exceeded defcription here the founding epi- 

^* thcts of prodigious — ixcciknt'-'^vcnderful — and all 
** the other terms ufed by Connolfleurs (when fpcak- 
'* ing oi the beauties of an old pidure, where the 
*' objefts muft have lain in eternal obfcurity, if noc 
^* conjured out to the apprcher.fion of the fpcfta* 
** tor, by the magic of uninrclligiblc defcription} 
^* arc too faint to poiut out i:s real merit, 


t ^^7 

^« Th* jolii foidier divefted of one fpalter-daHii and 
^ bear loiling the ocher^ and knocked down by all-^ 
^* potent gin, lipon calling fbf Pother cogue, his 
^* waggiih comrade^ fupporting him with one hand^ 
■<^ endeavours to pour water into his mouth with the 
** othet, whkh the experienced old one rejiefts with 
'^ difdain, puts, up his hand to his ^^^^ ^ho bears 
*' the afms and gin-bottle, and who, well acquaint- 
^^ ed with his tafte, is filling a quartern. And here 
^' the painter exhibits a (ermon upon the exceffiye 
*^ ufe of . fpirituous liquors^ and the deftrudive con- 
*^ feqUences attehding it : for the foidier is not only 
**, rendered incapable of his duty, but (what is 
*^ ihocking to behold) a child begot and conceived 
'^ in gin, with a countenance emaciated, extends its 
^^ little arms with great earnefbiefs, and wifhes for 
** that liquor, which it feems well acquainted with 
** the tafte of. And here, not to dwell wholly upon 
'^^ the beauties of this print, I muft mention an ab* 
•* furdity difcovcred by a profefled connoifleur in 
** painting — * Can there, fays he> be a greater ab- 
^* furdity than the introducing a couple of chickens 
** fo near fuck a croud — and not only fo — but fee-— 
*' their dire&ion is to go to obje£ts it is natural for 
** *em to ihun — is this is knowledge of nature ? — ab- 
*' furd to the laft degree !*-— -And here, with an 
*^ air of triumph, ended our judicious critic. But 
** how great was his fuprizc, when it was difcovered 
*' to him, that the faid chickens were in purfuit of 
^ the hen, which had made her cfcapc into the poc- 
;* ket of a fiilor. ' 

X z *• Next 

^ Sat the fign-poft is as hauA tar ttuu w ing, mp 
^ ha hac, crying ' Godblefs KaxgGteje/ Befere 
^ h:ai Is an image cf cmnkm Loyiitf ; wao, widi 
** hb flurt cue of his bcrfriic» » and Iiajuou m his 
^ handy iroors dcftmflioa oa cfae hevbof the \^^^i^^ 
^ A noe figure of i fpeakiag old wobbb, widt a 
^' ba&ct upon her hev!, will spon view cdl yoa what 
^ ibe fidku A hamane fiskficr p e nxi f ing a feUoar 
^ hard-jooded widi a band of gmupoo hisback^ 
'^ and flopped by die aoad, widi a ghnbict bores 
« a bole m the head of die caik, aod is kindiT cafiog 
^ him of a part of his bimhciu Xcar him, is die 
^ figure of a fine gendemaa m die army. A% I (up* 
^ pofe die painter df%nrd him irafaoat cfaaraCkr^ 
^ I ihall dierefbre only obferre, disc he a a tctt 
^ pretty feDovr, and happily the c o atemp hooD of 
'^ his own dear perifao guards ban from the attempts 
^ of the wicked women on his rig^c hand. Upon 
** the right hand of this petit wuiire is a licentious 

ibidler rude with a girl, who fcrcams and wreaks 

her IhrlcTengeazice upon his face, whilft his com- 
*^ rade is removing off fbme linen which hangs ia 
«* his wav. 

^ You will pardon the invendoo of a new term— 
^' I (hall include the whole Iuh^s Head in the word 
'' Cattery^ the principal figure of which is a noted 
^' fat Covins Garden lady *, who, with pious eyes call 
'^ up to heaven, pra7s for the army's fuccefs, and 


* ThU figure it repeated b the laft phac bot one ef I»^t^ry 
and j^n^aad waa defigned for Motlier Dm^^Ha^ Piazza. 

1 •• the 

i 3P9 1 

^ the iafe ceturn of many of her babes of grace. An 
^ officer offers a letter to one of this lady's children, 
*^ who rejedb it ; poffibly not liking the caufe her 
^^ fpark is engaged in^ or^ what is more probable, 
^^ his not having paid for her lad favour. Above 
^^ her, a charitable girl is throwing a ihtUing to a 
^< cripple, while another kindly adminifters a cor* 
^^ dial to her companion, as a fure relief againft re- 
'« fledtioiu The reft of the windows are full of the 
'* like cattle ; and upon the houle-top appear three 
** cats, juft emblems of the creatures below, but 
^^ more harmlefs in their amorous encounters.*' 

There is likewile another explanation in ^e Old 
Womaifs Magazine^ vol. I. p. 182. To elucidate a 
circumftance, however, in this juftly celebrated per- 
formance, it is neceilary to obferve, that near 70/- 
tenbam Court Nurfery was the place where the famous 
Brougbfon^s amphitheatre for boxing was erected. 
It has been fince taken down, having been rendered 
iifelefs by the juftices not permitting fuch kind of 
diverfions* This will account for the appearance of 
the Bruifers at the left hand corner of the print. 
One of HogariFs ideas in this performance alfo needs 
the affiftance of colouring, to render it intelligible. 
The perfon to whom the Frenchman is delivering a 
letter, was meant for an old Highlander in difguife, 
as appears from the plaid feen through an opening 
in his grey coat ; a circumftance in the print that 
efcaped me, till after I had feen the pi&ure, and 
perufed Rouquefs explanation of this particular cir- 

X 3 cumftance^ 

t 31® 1 

eumfianee^ wUcli I Ihall add in his own Words, vid^ 
{lis refleftions at the end of it. *' A drqite du pniv- 
•♦ cipal group paroit une figure dc Frangoisj qu'oi\ 
'^ a voulu rcprefcnter commc un homme 4e quelquo 
'* importance, afin dc lui dopner plus dc ridicule j 
** il parlc a un bomriie dont ]a natipn eft indiquee 
♦* par I'ctoffe de fa veftc, qui eft cellc dont s'habil- 
^' lent les liabitaps des montagnes A^EcoJfe : le Franfois 
^* femblc communiqucr ^ VEcoffoU des Ictrfes qu'il 
♦' vient de re^evoir, & qui ont rapport a Tevene- 
" mcQt qui donnc lieu a cettc niarche. Les Jnglais 
♦^ nc fc rcjouiflent jamais bien fans qu*il en coutc 
♦* quclquc chofe aux FranfQis ; leur theatre, leuf 
•* converfation, Icurs tableaux, ct fur tout ceux de 
♦* notre peintre, portent toujours cetfc glorieufc 
^ marque dc Tamour dc la patrie ; les romans memc 
•' font orncs de traits amufans fur cet ancien fujet 5 
♦' Texccllent auteur de Tom Jon^s a vpulu auflS la* 
^* cher les liens. Mais le pretendu mcpris pour les 
^* Frangois dont Ic pcuple de ce pais-ci fait profeflion, 
^^ s'explique' felon moi dune fa9on fort equivoque. 
^* I-e mcpris fuppofe Toubli ; mw un objet done 
•^ on medit pcrpetuellement eft un objet dont on eft 
•* perpf tucllcmcnt occup6 : la fatirc conftitue unc 
^* attentipp qui me ferpit foupconner qu*on fait aux 
*^ Francois Thonneur de les ha'ir up peu.'* 

AJl the offtradts from thp faces in the original 
pidure of the March to Finchleyj in red chalk on 
oiled paper, are flill prcfervcd. 

This reprefentation may be faid to contain three 




C 3<'' 3 

imtnStSj'di of which were acknbwledged by the 
artiA'j a noted French pye-man ; one of the young 
fifers then recently introduced into the arniy by th^ 
Diike of Cumberland ; and a chimney-fweeper with 
an afped peculiarly rbguifli. The two latter were ^ 
hired by Hogarth^ who gave each of them half a 
crown, f6r hk patience in fitting while his likenefs wat 
taken. Among the portraits in the March to Finib^ 
ley (feys a correfpondent) that of Jacob Henriques 
may alfo be difcovered, I wiih it had been pointed 

WitK this plate (of which the very few proofs in 
aqua-fortis^ as well as the finilbed ones, are highly 
valuable)' no unfair ftratagcms have been pradifed, 
that a number of the various impreffions, taken off 
at different times, might be miftaken for the earlieft* 
On copper nothing is more eafy than to cover, alter, 
efface, ' or re-engrave an infcription, as often as 
temporary convwience may require a change In it *^ 


* Pr§0fs were anciently a few impreffions taken off in the 
courfe of an engraver's procefs. Ht proved a plate in different 
dates, that he might aicertain how far his labours had been 
fuccefsfuly and when they were complete. The excellence of 
fuch early impreffions, worked with care, and under the ar- 
tifl's eye, occafioning thcni to be greedily fought after, and 
liberally paid for, it has been cudoniary among our modern 
piintfellers to tgke off a number of them, amounting, per* 
haps, to hundreds, from every plate of coqiiderable value ; 
and yet their want of rarenefs has by no means abated their 
price. On retouching a plate, it has been alfoufual, among 
the fame confcientious fraternity^ to cover the infcription, 
which was immediately added after the firft proofs were ob« 
(ainedy with ilips of paper, that a number of fecondary proofii 


EL s:it: I 

WicnefiM.tlMKiiifnil copies cSTUlMimfi rhmt off 
whkbi cxUbte the names of tkcee diifiunt pn^^ 
cbii'fourtfa hat none at aiL 

The lioQi&hc^ cji this March to Fhuilgy neecLnoi 
vthemencly lament their 'Mane oft he orig^naL Tliftr 
fjpirir ot :c is moftfatchtoilT traaifcted oa the coppm:. 
At t» the cotouring^ ic will basdij deligjbt ilackej cs 
afc ace accoftoooed toche piftocca oi Sugmac Ttakn^ 
To me the pdkiUBg of the^ Mdrch t$ fbuMef apit 
peari haril aad heavyj aadhaafBodi the ak of a.cQ» 
loared prints 

. I flmitd nor, oa that occainn, omk tft add, 
thac Mr. Siromgij \% bis Impaaj iMt§ the Rifs aad 
SfiMJbm$ni cfthe Roj^i Auukmj ^ Atts im LeadaB^ 
obfervva, that ^^ the dofntsoiis is paattoig^ whkh ffe 
«^ vtTti anifts pireieoKd ta fie FomedBag He^fHel^^ 
firftltd to the idea of thofe HThJhkybna which are aft 
pref^snc fo lucrative to our Rojral Acackmf, and fa 
enterraming ^o the publick. Uagartb rmrft certain!]* 
be coivAcered as a chiet among ihelc becetadors. 

!• Biif-firtii '* \ two of chetn, with vaziauoasy 


mi^^ Ma he rmred. This dericeit nocoriotn, aodtooofcea 
pra^rii<?d, ■.vrhr>tit cifcovriy, 00 the uaikiifoi porchaller. A 
nr.w print, in (horr, is or rhe iamc idis to a crafty deaier, as 
a frf(h giri ?o;)poiiiic bawd* lo both laAanccs Ufgmfefuct^ 
Imgi If diipofed ot many timet over. 

♦ Gtatrml Aihfertifer^ Fthrmmry 15, r7^>|;i« 
Oa Fhd^ next '^iD be pvbiiiked, price one iliiiling csch» 
Two iarfre prints defrg^ied aad etched by Mr. Hagmrth^ caiU 
cd Biir'Jlreet and di a-AMr« 


C Its 1 

fdit former ^pnec x/. the )atMr ti, 6d.}.miGi» 
Ism. The following ver&t under thefe two prints 
;ure by the Rev. Jdr« ^^rr^ f^wnkf^ Mafier of JMIwv 

Beer, happy prodvDi% of our ifle^ 

Can ^ewy ftrength impart^ 
Andy wearied with fatigue and toil^ 

Can chear* each manly heart* 

Labour and Art, upheld by thee, 

Succefsfully advance ; 
We qui^thy balmy juice with glee. 

And water leave to France. 

Genius of Health, thy grateful tafia 

Rivals the cup of Jfove^ 
Aod warms each Engtijh generous breaft 

With Liberty and Love. 


Qna^^ curfed fiend I with fury fraught. 

Makes human race a prey ; 
It enters by a deadly draught. 

And {teah our life away. 

A pumber will bepript^d in a better manner for the Curi- 
^U8 at each. 

And op Thurflay following will be publiQied, 

Four Friaty on the fubje£t of Cruelty* Price and fise the 

N* B. As the fubje^i of thefe Prints are calculated to re« 
form fome reigning vices peculiar tq^ the lower cUfs of people* 
in hopes to render them of more extendve ufe, the author hat 
publifhed them in the cheaprft manner podible. 

To be ba4 at the GoUen Head in Leicifl^r Fields^ where may 
be had ap hU of her workSf 

Virt - 

▼fftncand i ruuiy dnrcQ to defpiuu 

Its rac;^ compcii -o flr, 
•Bar ch sri iht Sy ^tir heilHh care, 

TliCit, Murder, Pcrjur:". 

Dam::'! cup ! :faar on rhc viuij prers, 

Thii liouid 5re contains. 
Whicii naadnezs :o the hcazt ccm^eys, 

And roils. U thro' the ?dos» 

Mr. /f^ :f 0^ oiMPreSf that the vamtxoo of the butt 
cber lifting the Frencimsm in his hand, was an itter* 
thoughi ^ *, hoc he is mifiakcn. This btaccer is in 
rcaiirf a blaekfrndbi and the viokot hyperbole is 
fiDund io the origiisai drawing, as weU as in the ear- 
Ikft impretSona of the plate. The firft copies or 
Bitr-fircgtj Gin Laxi, acd T^r 6'/4^rx c/* Cruelty, \vcre 
taken oS'on very thin paper ; but this being objected 
to, they vcrc afterwards printed on thicker. The 
painter, v^rho in the former of thefe I'ccncs 13 copyiTi^ 
a ho:cb irom one hanr^ingby him :is a puttern, :as 
been rriy» as a ftrokc of fatirc on /cbn :y.dpbcn 
IJitardj vho 'r:s Mr. Waipeie obfervcs) *' co*j.d 
"render r.or-:n^ 'vjc what he faw before hia eves -.'* 
Is 13 ; ro's'sxAc vhac Hozartb received ihc nnt i J:a 
for tfaek'e ^wo prints rr-^rn a pair of others jy ] eier 

• T .im f'lr-'; 'o perceive *':n: •■'^hriifcr.-mnn r-jm:::!*!! \•^t 

t TI c «/(itfiiun '"hitr. //'•y^r''cn'cr:iincd i r tnc "nvrius - ; 
I>r. //•// «• i:^v \.t •.if'fo\fcrc« v\ 115 A'r.r- ;.iVf. ■. hen: ////. i .- 
tiqiic vjM'ntTC i\t:yi; ficirry 11 put viro i baifcct i^ircti^ru c« 
tat Tsuuk'J.lujLc:, :n ^;» Jrtnu^i U.:irLV* l '^r^f. 


iBref^if (cothmonly called Bret^el i^enfer; or EetHfi 
Br^ugel), which exhibit a' Cofttraft of a fimitar kind^' 

■ ^^ " A» ft 

The one is entitled La graffiy the other La maigri 
Cuifine. In the firft, all the perfonagei are wcU-fecf 
jind plump; in the fecond, they arc ftarved anc( 
flender. The lattet of them alfo «hibits the figures 
pf an emaciated mother and child, fitting on a ftraw* 
piat upop'the ground, whbm I never faw without 
thinKittjg on the female, &c. in Gin Lane ♦• In Jfo- 
gartby the fat Engtijh blackfmith is infulting the 
gaunt Frenebman; and in Sreugel, the plump cqolc 
U kicking the lean one out of doors. Our ardtf 
yras not unacquainted with the works of this maftcTy 
as will appear by an obfervation on the Lilliputians 
giving Gulliver a clyfter. 

On the fubjef); of thefe two plates, and the foxir 
following ones, was publiihed a ftupid pamphlet, 
intituled, " A Differtation on Mr. HogartFs Six 
^^ Prints lately publiflied, viz. Gin-Lanej Beer-ftreet^ 
>* and The Four Stages of Cruelty. Containing, L A. 
f genuine narrative of the horrible deeds perpetrated 
^* by that fiery dragon. Gin ; the wretched and dc* 
f^ plorable condition of its votaries and admirers; 
f^ the dreadful havock and devaftati6n it 'has made 
^^ ambngft the human fpecies ; its perlticious eflfe& 
^^ on the foldiers, failors, and mechanicks <^ this 
f^ kingdom ; and its poifonous and peftilent qualities 
f * in deftroying the. health, and corrupting the mo» 

* This emaciated figure, who appears drunk and alleep at 
f he cprqer of this print, was painted from nature, 

^* rals 

C i'« J 

" nb of diff {Mople. IL Ulcful obbmtioo* 
** wiotoa aad iohimuQ cruelty, IcTcrely udrizkig 
" tbe frradice of the cocmnoa people in fportiag 
' *■ with the lives of animals. Beictg a proper key for 
* the right apprcheo&xt of the author's meaning ia 
<* tbofe defigns. Humbly inTcribcd to the Right 
" Hooourable Fraxeis Oxkajnt, Eiiq; Lord Major 
** of the Ctty of Lmdm, and tbe worlhipful Ciurt of 
" AldeTmen, who bave b worthily dt&iDgvUhed 
** tbemfelvcs b the roeafures they bare taken lo fap. 
** prefs the excel!nve ufe of fpirituous liquors. Lett- 
*dm.- Printed for B. Dkiin/om on LudgateBiU' 
" 1751. Price one ihilling ;" and eleven pence 
three fanhings too dear, being compiled out of Rty- 
watds*s " God's Revenge againft Murder," &c. 

3. The Stages of Cniclty* is four prints. Dr- 
Jigntd iy Wm. Hagartbt frict 4 j. Of tbe two latter 
of tbefe there are wooden plates * on a large fcale, 
bv*.4nj fntblijbed by Wm. Hogarth, Jan. r, 1750. 
y. BeH/tulp. They were done by order of our ar- 
tift, who wiflved to ditTufe the faluury example they 
contain, as far as poflible, by putting them wicfaia 
ike reach of the moaned purchafer ; but finding this 
node of executing his dcfign was expcnftvc beyond 
czpedation, he proceeded no further in it, and was 
cootcDt to engrave them in his own coarfe, but fpi« 

* N. B. The fiifl of ihcfe wooilcn cut) diflen ta natty dr* 
cvailUncu from tlu cogriTing. In ihe foniicr, the ngbt 
btnd «>f the inurdercT il viGbIc; in the latter it u pmiorcd 
Khind htm. Conr)p*rifon will dstcA l«vcr<it other Taiiation* 
■a ttu* plsic and ill t'cUow, 


[ S^7 ] 

fitcd mantftr. Impreffions from the wooden bbcks 
are to be had at Mrs; HogariVs boufe in Ltkefier^ 
fieldi. This fet of prints, however, is illuftmed 
with the following verfes : 

First Stags of CainKLTT^ 


While various fcenes of fportxve woe ^ 

The infant race employ, , 
And tortured Vidims bleedbg (hew 

The tyrant in the boy ; 
Behold l^a jwth of gentler hearty 

To fpare tlxe Cwiture's pain ♦, 
O take, ^e cries— ^take all my tart^ 

But tears and tart sire vain. 
Learn from this fair example — you. 

Whom favage fpbrts delight. 
How Ctuelty difgufts the view. 

While pity charms the fight. 

Secohd Stage of Q|initTT; 

The 'generous ^^^^, in hoary age, 

SubduM by labour lies ; 
And mobrns a cruel matter's rage. 

While Nature firength denies. 

* The thmiling an srrovr up the Aiodttnent of a dogt ii 
Bot an idea of Enjfi/h growth. No man ever beheM the (ama 
a£t of cruelty praStfed on any animal in Lomim. IbgarA^ 
howeveri met with this ciieufflftance In Odhfi fimfnuim ^ 
' St.Ant^f^^ and tranfplanted it, without the leafi propriety, into 
'm prefent fituation. 



Tbe soodcc X^rf^ c/caismt. and iaas^ 

t» -;^««L 

!&iid dies bencttk the biova. 
lahuman wresdi ! U7 whcott 

This awar4 C/ceity > 
W1m( iot'reft rprinp from bad/racsi diccds } 

What joy from miicry ^ 


HL OLCzvrt rsr nu^cndK. 

To lawlds I^'# whea ooce hesafd^ . 

Soon crime co crime fiiccceds; 
Ac length bq^d co fi^i, tfac juni 

By her AfM^r bkeds* 
Tec karoy ledociog man, sot aig^ 

MTich ad ia table cloudy 
Cm ikreen the gniltf deed from %k ^ 

Fool M order cries alood^ 


The gapiog woonds, the blood-ftain'd fieef^ 

Now ihock Us trembling y3«i; 
But oh 1 what j^gs his breafl nmd feel. 

When Death bis LncU fhaU to!L 

IV« Tut Reward of Crxjeltt* 

Behold^ the Villaii^s dtte difgracc 

Not death itfclf can cod : 
He finds no peaceful burial-place 1 

His bf cathlcis cot ie, co fricad^ 


t 3!9 3 

Tom from the root, that wicked Xo9^if - 

Which daily fwore and curftl 
Thofe eye-balls, from their fockets wrung, 

. That glow'd with lawlefs luft. 
His heart, expofed to prying eyes. 

To pity has no claim \ 
But, dreadful ! from his bones Ihall rife ^\ 

His monument of ihame *• 


3. Boys peeping at Nature, with Variations. 

Receipt for Mofes brought to Fbaraoh'^s Daughter^ 
and ^t. Paul bif ore Felix. 

The burlefque Paul^ &c. being the current re- 
ceipt for'thefe two prints, I know not why our artift 
Ihould have altered and vamped up his Boys peeping 
at Nature (fee p. i88.) for the fame purpofe. This 
plate was lately found at Mrs. Hogarth^s, but no for- 

* In the laft of thcfe plates, " how delicate and fupcrioTj^ 
as Mr. Walpole obferves, '* it HogarthU fatirei when he inti* 
^* mates, in the College of Fhyficians and Surgeons that preGde 
** at a diiTe^ion, how the legal habitude of viewing (hoclcinfg 
*^ fcenes hardens the human mind, and renders it unfeeling. 
*< The preiident maintains the dignity of infeniibility over aa 
•* executed corpfc, and confiders it but as the objeiS of si 
** ledture. In the print of the Sleeping Judges, this habi- 
^* tual indifference only excites our laughter." To render 
his fpedtacle, however, more fhocking, our artid has per- 
haps deviated fron^ nature, againft whofe laws he fo rarely 
oftends. He has imprelTed marks of agony on the face of 
the criminal under diffedtion ; whereas it is well known, that, 
the mod violent death once paft, the tumult of the features 
fubfides for ever. But, in Uogarth'^s print, the wretch who 
has been executed, (eems to feel the fubfequent operation* 
Of this plate Mr. A Ireland has the original drawing* 


r m ] 

s nft tafmupc^ 

wits pfOpflttp^ C^MBfl SI CDS irit li lbs 
MMSBU dtfipl^ KWIC lie IM ifiC TTI WBTT IT M S P''^ 

loKUt tD ntf ii miifrirgmg fciiuiTi puiuutfaflBi» 

^ foul DCfttC TfWTf flCBRmt 2DS KX3KCn0i Ht 

file troc Dwidb ttAt^ b^ 0*1 Ibgmtk* TItis was dw 
luutipt fiv fhttntms csBsgMx^ aod ok die fexioot 
Pm/ and A& ; iod it a £aire aa i>WBft pifturcfc 
It 1^ ooDtaini^ in die duafier (tf a ferjeant tearing 
Ui bfic^ n pwiian ot Btant duBfkll^ wiiQ was not 
ever-delicate in tite langp^ he tded at dus bar to 
fcb adverfi u rics and anc^jontSi* Thia^ however^ is 
ttd hi adiers to be die pomak dEWilBam Kag % 
LL. D* Principal of S/. Jb7 flaff^ a^BTt^ Ina^n^ 
nation of dds prints die Devil is inORxhiced fiiwing 
odTa Icgol die flool on whidi Pea/ fiaqda* In the 
ikitd uupteiliony as if noted in tne ccrtlefikm ibld^laft 
at Cbriftit^Sf ** Hearth has again taken our the DeviL 
^ Bf tbcfe TariatioDS of Devil and m Devil, he giances 
^ ^ Coileflors^ who gire great prices for fnch ra* 
^ rsties ; and. perhaps be had in his eye the famous 
•• print of the Sfaephcrd*s Oficriog by PoiUj^ after 
^ Cmdo^ which iells very dear, without the Angcis.'* 
This, however, ift errooeoos. .^ter the dsRnon was 

* Of Dr. £rix* ^ho was «^ a tail, leao, fv<dl-looking 
^ mtn/' theie it a ftriking likoMft in wr^^tiig^i View of the 
loftailacion of Lord WtflmBrdmmd m Gbaocallor of Ottfkrd in 
1761. Soaie pankulanot hit life aod wmiiigt may be lean 
in die ^ Auccdotcs of Mr. Bm»^^ pu 594* 


C 3^1 ] 

<Mice ^idmittedy *be was never difcarded. The plate 
in Mrs* Hogarth's keeping confirms my aflertion. 
In the firft proof of Poillfs ShefberJ^s Qff^i^gy ^^^ 
angels are lightly fketched in ; in the finifhed proof 
they are totally omitted ; but were afterwards inferr- 
ed. There are fimilar variations relative to the arms 
at the bottom of it. 

Of this burlefque Faul^ &c. none were originally 
intended for fale ; but our artift gave them away to 
fuch of his acquamtance^ &c. as begged for them. 
The number of thefe petitioners, however, incrcafing 
every day, he refolved at. laft to part v^ith no copies 
of it at a lefs price than five Ihillings^. All the early 
proofs were ftained by himfelf, to give them that tint 
of age whick is generally found on the works of 
Rembrandt. Of this plate, however, there are two 
impreffions. The infcription under the frji is 
•* Paul before Felix. Defign'd and fcratch'd in the 
" true Dutch tafte by &c/' Under the fecond^ 
'< Defigned and etch'd in the ridiculous manner of 
** Rembranty &c/' From the former of thefe Ho^ 
" garth took off a few reverfes ♦. He muft have 


^ Mr. Walpok has honoured a pniTage in the firft edition of 
this hafty work, with the following firidure : (fee Anecdotet 
of Painting, vol. IV, p. 149)» 

*• I have been blamed for cenfurins^ the indelicacies of Fk* 
^' mijh and Butch painters , by comparing them with the^- 
•* rity of Hogarth^ againft whom arc produced many in (lancet 
** of indelicacy, and fome repetitions of the fame indelicacy. 
'* I will not defend myfelf by pleading t^c thefe indances are 
*' thinly fcattercd through a great number of his works, and 
** that there is at leafb humour in moftof the incidents quoted, 

Y ■ •* aad 

been Cbverdy tiwrtifed wlien he foand Us luAcraoi 

of PmU befoic RUx ws mote oovtied 


^ ,• ♦•••.«(•.» 

^ ad due xbey inficiBae feme refleffioo^ wkkh k aever the 
** cafe of the ferdgnen— 4mt can I cl»(e bn fimile wlka ooa 
^* of the nafikft exampies fped&cd is fnm the burieiqae of 
** P#b/ before Frfor, pro&fledlj in ridknle of the groA images 
•* of the Dmtch r** 

In coniequence of private msarb froin Mr. iFl this qneih- 
ooable poiirion, as well at a few otben^ had been obviated ii» 
my fecond noprefioo of toe trifling peiniisance vuaw affei'ed 
to the public : but at our author cjonot fikyfr hmt JmUt^ 
when the oecafion of hb minh was do longer meant to be 
in his way, I would aik, in defence of my former obfervadon, 
if moralifis nfnally attempt to reform profligates by writiog 
treatifes of profligacy ? or, if painters have a right to chaf- 
tife indelicacy, by exhibiting grofe examples of it in their own 
performances ? To become indecent ourfelves, is an nnwar* 
rantabie recipe for curing indecency in others* The oUceni* 
tits of JwmiHol have hitherto met with no very fiicceisfui rin* 
dicarion : ** Few are rhe converts j^cfnsrhas made/* Accor* 
ding ro our critic's mode of rcaiSraing, a homicide might urge 
that the crime of which he fiands accufed was commitred 
only as a falutary example of the guiit of murder ; nay, thus 
indeed every human offence might be allowed to bring with 
it its own apology.— I forbear to proceed in this argument, 
or might obfervc in behalf of our ** foreigners,'* thai their 
incidents infinnate fome rcfieclioas as well as Hogarth* s. The 
evacuations introduced in Dmtcb pidures, moft certainly in« 
culcate the neceffiry of temperance, for ihofe only who eat 
and drink too much at fairs, or in ale houiies, are liable to 
fuch public and unleemly accidents as Htemjkirk^ OfiaJg^ and 
TeiucTiy have occafionally reprd'entcd. If we are to look for 
** Sernions in fiones, and good in every thing," this inference 
is as fair as many which Mr. H^, leems inclined to produce 
in honour ot f«H)r Hogarth^ who, like Sbai/pesre^ often fought 
to entertain, without keeping any moral purpofe in view» 
But was there either wit or morality in Hogarth^i own eva» 
cnation againft the door of a church, a circumtbnoe recorded 
by Mr. Forrrflm his MS» tour, though prudently fopprefled 
in his printed copy of it ? Perhaps, following' Uaele Toij^ 


C 3*3 3 

fthd adcnifed than his ferious painting on the fame 

I* Paul htf ore Pelixj ffom th^ oHginstl painting 
in Lincoln* s-Inn Hall^ painted by W^ Hogarth. '* J^^beri 
'* is much lefs Dignity in this^ than Wit in the /r^- 
" ceding** Under the tnfcription to the firft irbprcf* 
fions of this plate is •' Publifhed Feb. 5, 1752. En* 
" graved by Luke Sullivan."* To the fecond ftate of it 
was added the quotation which^ in p. 64, I have 
printed from Dr. Jofepb Watton^s Effay on the Gc* 
nius of Pope^ It was covered with paper in the 
third impreifion^ and entirely effaced in the fourth* 

2. The fame, " as firft dejigned, but the wife of 
'* Felix was afterwards omitted^ becaufe St. Paulas 
'^ hand was very imprcperfy placed before herJ^ I have 
fecn a copy of it, on which Hogarth had written, 
'^ A print off the plate that was fet tfide as infuffi- 
'* cient. Engraved by W. W* On the appearance 
of Dr« Warton^s criticiim on this plate, Hogarth 
caufed the whole of it to be engraved under both 
this and the next mentioned prints without any com« 

advice, he had better have wiped the Whole up, and faid no* 
thing about the matter. Our worthy Tour-writef , however, 
tvas by no means qualified to be the author of a ScntiraencaL 
Journey. He rather (and purpofely, as we are told) tefem* 
bles Ben JonfoiCt communicative travelleri who faya to hit 

1 went and paid a moccinigo 

For mending my filk dockings ; by the way 
I cheapenM iprats, and at St. MartCs I urin^d« 
Faith| rliefe are politic notes ! 

Y a 3, Mofu 

t SM 3 

pftStiBic 1ft Tfe fumS^ Hfi^tuL Lngr^^es: ij Wm 
rf « 3««£irT xni dial kricr-rosc! tie - mucis , 


5-^'^ ckI:«- -^ PvJSiifaai as iiu A5 ,5!K&* ir dear 
rrakKi^ 1V& «CK lidr ace,. lo*TC^Rsr> oirlTtr: auas 

** titohndku: tit jji Mag^ii^^ Fjc± jir'Txaan: j i. -S*** 
aiT'f: nuuu. 

vti. iU: ii|»urr. 11 ;iu •ii?i;iimi» tiifcr nuv^y vnn awe ii "nu 

<«iijir;'?ti»{ 'Viu itiiiinncu* n tiu J,jp:uB VtiinuTji :inn=aT» 

:n mii'T nivr.niT:ijis ii 'tiu Tirm riiiii m riu oinTa. cir tiuiTs 

:|!ti r.-tMuni:* : \:;mtnr imitr -a-tirj!, v;iii. lul-umrnst; am 

v.;K*f!i; nr u:r ;c:t.}«:!\ :!niw{rv2 tii: ni!-w;i ij line ii tiriiuij 

u'.-iu 111!- *'jiti ; v..iliur\imT.:i!. v/iu iv.i iw* lutun a iui:t. 

um lit (ill iiYAii/fit inn tuim: n uuiiviiii.:: its in.\ tauii; 

'V-'->u»^/. //v" hit ni iu»r* n tis tt.!. ''"lu r.r.cmirn^ H" 

'III! nt--: « ivM-w-sin ;:-m?imt * iu>f: int it*ai oiu lu u.-.u 

(n ."-.T.*/!'- tiui^tittir iT.i /jjnua 'mm nit: :mitm» ; nv.r.:.- 

rfA-^M Muifi rt Jiu .I'll'/' a.-.fiiuiit:aii*^ t unpcj nvuts lu 

4(miu. til -.11 i'^s'^ff- ''nu-tJ! /ri-'*rn* "jiiiU wu, ikc **»^ 


im .iilUiVUS 

C 325 3 

2. Analyfis of Beauty. Two plates. Mr ^Walpole 
obferves^ that Hogarth's *' famples of grace in a 
*• young lord and lady are ftrikingly ftiff and affec- 
** ted. They are a Bath beau and a county beau« 
**" ty.** The print is found in three different ftates. 
** In the original plate the principal figure reprefent- 
" ed the prefent king, then prince, but Hogarth was 
'* defired to alter it. The prefent figure was taken 
•* from the laft duke of • King/fon ; yet, though like 
** him, is ftiff, and far from graceful *." In Plate t. 
Fig. 19. the fat perfonage dreft in a Roman habit, 
and elevated on a pedeftal, was defigned, as Hogarth 
himfelf acknowledged, for a ridicule on ^uin in the 
charafter of Coriolanus. Effex the dancing-mafler is 
alfo reprefented in the aft of endeavouring to reduce 
the graceful attitude of Antinous to modern ftiflfnefs^ 
Fig. 20. was likewife meant for the celebrated Dej^ 
noyer^ dancing in a grand ballet. 

Dr. Beat tie y fpeaking of the modes of combination, 
by which incongruous qualities may be prefented to 
the eye, or the fancy, fo as to provoke laughter, ob- 
ferves *^ A country dance of men and women, like 
** thofc exhibited by Hogarth in his Analyfis of Beau- 
*^ ty, could hardly fail to make a beholder merr}'', 
** whether he believed their union to be the cfFcdt 
<* of defign or accident. Moft of thofe perfons 
** have incongruities of their own in their ihape, 
** drcfs, or attitude, and all of them are incongruous 
" in refpedt of one another ; thus far the aflfemblage 

* Anecdotes of Painting, 8vo. vol, IV. p. 166. 

Y 3 ^* difplays 

C 326 3 

^ di(playt contranety or want of relation : and they 
'^ are all united in the fame dance ; and thus £n 
** they irre mutually related. And if we fuppofe the 
*' tv/o elegant figures removed, which might ba 
^^ done without leifening the ridicule, we ihould Qot 
^^ eafily difcern any contraft of dignity and mcaoneii 
^^ in the group that remains. 

^' Almoft the fame remarks might be made 09 
*' The Enraged Mufician^ another piece of the fams 
•^ great matter, of which a witty author quaintly fays, 
^* that it deafens one to look at it. This extraordi* 
•* nary group forms a very comical miicture of in* 
^ coBgruity and relation ; of incongruity, owing tq 
<* the diCimilaj: employment and appearances of the 
♦* feveral pcrfons, and to the variety and diflbnancc 
•' of their refpeftive noifes ; and of relation, owing 
^ to their being all united in the fame place, and 
** for the fame purpofe of tormenting the poor fidlcr, 
^* From the various founds co-operating to this one 
" end, the piece becomes more laughable, than if 
•* their meeting were conceived to be without any 
^^ particular deftination i for the greater number of 
*^ relations, as well as of contrarieties, that take 
** place in any ludicrous aflembly, the more ludi- 
** crous It will generally appear. Yet, though thi^ 
*' group comprehends not any mixture of meanner^ 
** and dignity, it would, I think, be allowed to b^ 
** laughable to a certain degree, merely from th^ 
*' juxta-pofition of the objeds, even though it wer^ 
** fuppofed to be accidental/' Eflay on Laughte;:^ 
and Ludicrous Compofition, 410 £dit« • 6o8. 


C 3^7 } 

^^ Hiaveno new books^ tias ! to amnfe myfelf or 
•* you ; fo can only return yours of Hogarth's with 
^' thsmks. It furprized me i^eeably } for I had 
*^ conceived the performance to be a fct of prints 
^^ only, whereas I found a book which I did not 
^< imagine Hogarib capable of writing ; for in bis 
^^ pencil I always confided, but never imagined his 
^^ pen would have afforded me fo much pleafure. 
** As to his not fixing tbeprecife degree of obliquity^ 
•* which conftitutes beauty, 1 forgive him, becaufe I 
** think the tafk too hard to be performed literally : 
** but yet he conveys an idea between his pencil and 
** his peuj which makes one conceive his meaning 
" pretty well.** Lady LuxborougVs Letters, p. gSo^ 

I ihall here tranfcribe as much from the Analyfis as 
18 neceflary to communicate our artift's defign rela* 
tive to the various figures that compofe the country* 
dance in the fecond plate. The reader who neither 
poffeffes the book, nor wilhes to accompany the 
author throughout his technical explanations, may 
defire fome intelligence concerning the prefent fub- 

^* C H A P. XIV. 
'* Of Attitude. 
*• — As two or three lines at firft arc fufficient to Ihew 
'* the intention of an attitude, I will take this oppor- 
** tunity of prcfenting my reader with the iketch of 
** a country-dance, in the manner I began to fet out 
** the defign ; in order to fliew how few lines are ne- 
^ ceflTary to exprefs the firft thoughts as to different 

y 4 " attitudes 


[ J*? : 

;iriit'.uic'5 [j'ec %. 7:. T. p. i/;. whic:i dexcrihc, 

iiiOUiV o! tii' utlicuiuLis kuv. la::", an rcprei 

'* i .1 : jjf' jir;*apj' pcriu*. inu- citiurni his ^ 

^> .:*. ii:^c: -J' *UL. iujc: .i;»i«-ri!' 11:1. :: .. men 

«.r .;,'...iji'. f .^, .• ii »#vupi' o" ;. uar: :.ui2' max: : 

. .' '...c'.'':.-#'.i '-.JL.^L iLi:ii iijjurr. a- ' tiiougnt 

. . .1.1 ..;, -^ w».-'i I'Liti. iii' I'ii: j'.uit o" hn^- iif- — • 

«.t ..11 .o : . J lA I .» »t ii'.iC ii»'; v/iu: Ii:^» h: 
: : , I i : i V ; LLA- I '. ' fv 'I'^t :l: srac^j 
;^ .. .. . g j^,>2.i .jc. j :..i.«.f /«>* v*:/: ', k/t^ X tgurc 

.. !.- Ii.*. i,'. .::c* of ;« cir'.it- >.:.k.* |>roduCed 
:i... ^^ ^.L, J jji 'A iL'w taf v,w(h£/i LttA'ten thc fat 
i. .... ..i.; Li.v. swk Ad<<i <«.«c ill 4 l'<^{ij-wi(;i for whom 

i I.. 1 ..«)^K M i^jiL ijt 4ii X> 1 hr [>;im lady, his 
I. i 1.. ii«L li^iiii^ Laliit, \»y [uLkini; back her 
,. .4) ill , eali ii, uii!ii i!:^* w.iilt iip-A-ardSy 
*.. . 1 .1 ..1. ..I'li h, vvuu 4 Ui iju'it line uiiJcr it. 

( II • il ; It* l> .III \ iliiti'ik: II Lil Ik 1 <v."i^'OJC; 11 nil 

. '. .? .1 i-.i ill .i:i_:u'.»i i-uiilioli '.U I)vK:v '''jk^S 
.1 . . 11 .1 L.I-.Ik III iiK* ukvlttO rcilo'.V 

• • • I I .. 


ill'. ■ .■• . 

* • 

I : . 

..U! -I,;!, S.ll..''i;, »l ^".0 .1 

• > . 

^'. kib I ■«!_' .!..^^ -v- ^« • 

I » 

. ^ 


i 3«9 1 

^ The uniform diamond of a card was filled by thtf" 
** flying drefs. &c. of the little capering fellow in 
^ the Spencer wig ; whilft a double L marked the 
^ parallel pofition of his poking partner's hands and 
^ arms [M B. This figure was copied from tbat of am 
** uncouth young female whom Hogarth met with at 
•* Meworth ajfemblf] : and, laflly, the two waving 
** lines were drawn for the more genteel turns of the 
** two figures at the hither end, 

** The drawing-room is alfo ornamented purpofelf 
•* with fuch ftatues and pidhires as may fervc to »• 
" farther illuftration. Henry VIM. [Fig. 72. P. 2} 
** makes a peried X with his legs and arms t and 
•* the pofition of Charles [Fig, 51 • P. 2,] is^ com^^ 
*^ pofed of Icfs-varied lines than the ftatueof £Ac;^rf 
*^ VL [Fig. 73. P. 2.]; and the medal over his head 
'* is in the like kind of lines ; but that over Qj. £/r- 
** zabetb, as well as her figure, is in the contrary ; fo 
are alfo the two other wooden figures at the end* 
Likewife the comical pofture of aftonifiiment (ex- 
<* prcffed by following the direAion of one plain 
*' curve, as the dotted line in a French print of 5iwi- 
** cbo, where Don ^ixote demolifhes the puppet* 
•* Ihow [Fig. 75. R, P. 2], is a good contraft to the 
•* efFeft of the ferpentine lines in the fine turn of the 
** Samaritan woman [Fig. 75. L. p. 2.] taken from 
** one of the bed piftures Annibal Carache ever 
<* painted." 

Refpefting the plate numbered !• there arc no va- 
jiacions. In its companion the changes repeatedly 


^ SP ? 

OBftdttOB XL (ttitsr Sift. •imtisuL lb. oisr,. luiftunu^ 

III »«<Ml 

fit tivt^^id^. ±c niincpxi xaxzie: djot /me * anv ifanq^ 
tDclicmtckiacs^: ia. :iie fccDBui ir. isrlesgithesna ;; anL 
16\immtLrattmtrvahY:n£zr:%im inttmdnnL liribft 
fioi sod irmii fxririnm; aitcL of: lin^. gtttn. jcnvcni. 
the ymin^ lani aod hii. ^mmn. (amLjuiL jsiicx. One 
figjuc Qi: r hff mar, wool i^^miaDB^aat. die. il&iciiom^ 

iib ^ vanac eeiy oimh. lintiift ttnm. impfcdBoKtiuB 

tteot adSmd: cinti cfaiss iiimm y^<ijflBcc: viBfe cpignailjF 
■— iMiMiiiiTi Ffamwl 11W1 lit" fiiii iTi imh \jt.thos: Uiff§h 
tUttritffm, HKft; okk ggnttemMT: iiiiTfgnngi 3vra^' hw 
^tt'Tflhlfft, whiterfhc: iCfrantdir putting; cat bis: i fpttcn^ 
fftflkt^, fteiiss COD nrmmrnimc ttei luppio&tMi^; aodt 
Unrii^ uncet noMnihwi. tfap arig^ini i^cir. iir. q»U. 
\ihictt is in ?Ah.:rr/^^V pcoltifi&a^ L vrjicrre tbax 
tfar coacin^nnsQ iv :erminaied iiv a ti^ aKk?uifai^ 
OBtci: boir- ^vinoowy X csicurmb^ ptitccUr coamt 
tcnt.vtnb- tbcL icesRcr at: tdei \vecxain|p iticrtusd in 
3^39,, Sec. 
UnBa^'siidt^ ttai:ic.tcnsffii£&3xei tht coupie dtugr^ 

lisi Ihui vrriitd .tai jot iniAtcr in i&t^ cei^ueect 


of a weddio|;-bal)> that he has reprefented the bridt 
dancing with the bridegroom *. 
. When Hogartb ihewed the original painting, from 
which this dance has been engraved, to my inform- 
ant, he defired him to obferve a pile of hats to thft 
corner, all fo charadteriftic of their refpedive owners^ 
that they might with eafe be picked out, and given 
to the parties for whom they were defigned.j 

3. The Political Clyfter. 
Nahianoi l^fiws \. Dr.O^Giartb fcuJp. 

m Mrrg. Cbi Nf. ndw Lps icpte fcfr. i^c.Jhd b. Prgd^ 
See GulUMrU Sfeecb to the HenbU. Hau/e of Vulgaria^ m 

This was originally publiihed about 1727, or 1728^ 
vnder the title of '^ The punilhment infilled on Le* 
^' muel Guiliver, by applying a Lilypucian Fire Ea^ 
^' gine to his pofteriors for his urinal profanation 
*^ of the Royal Pallace at Mldendo ; which was in- 
^' tended as a Frontifpiece to his firfl; volume, but 
** emitted* Hogmartb fculp.^^ The fuperiority of 
the impre0ions thus infcribed is confiderable %• 

More than the general idea of this print is fiolen 
from another by HelUJb Breugil^ whom I have already 
^ncntioned in- a remark on Beer-Jlreet^ and Gin-lancm 
The Dutcbtnan has reprefented a number of pigmies 

* As difcrcnt faihions, however, prevail at different times, 
this obfervation mny be wrong. 

t Originally miitaken by Mr, Walpok for the nanae of a li* 
Vtputian painter, but put right in his new edition. 

X The prcfent unmeaning title of this plate, was beltowed 
on it by its owner, Mr, Syer. 


T ^ 1 

jpEDrrtroir. z iiaid th fjerg>. Sis 
is tiiiuT oc. iiiLrtrrr of GsJlovr , tt tTDoor 
rimrzztsaa*. ircyrr.'ra' tu: iiir rzLH tare: mass 
tsts U2ixc£:. intr. rrrfh'^ni:^: Tinuicsf rose 

ptzzissrr set iia;. xc is s r ; . isj^.zc. iix^ 

• • J 

•- rs^jji, t: taaatatt tni: it? nnporo: mr irr : iHH, 
•* tfLr 5»fif.', amnmo: ir,raitc£:- mi: rii-sTr ccc 
•^tnnr. tier rnsnnffca: avasirirr;, arx Uiufiricr 

*' is»{in:^ cd tee uniign: k^y^? it tm:: icrsr- 
-^ ain>It-£i. asc tK dsriss ciinknrj: rcrtrr 
^ aia iT Tit: prnr layj* bcwrr u^ h. how-m, no 
niDT^* rxsnuiinciiior a: 

• • ■ ■ rw* 

*■» . r^.«k«<v -If ■--•7.1- ••---• I. v*f ■^^•- T ^p •- *Trv, 

gnv:L rcm^r o:^ recti-* ^::rtir:ttc cr r cic rr.r^.T;,--?? 
ir cur rcri- vr.-iirr J iu':"Ct* a b. nif 


- - . • • — " 

C.333 ] I 

€€ fifteen ihillingSi bemg the firfl^ &c. for thf€e 
<^ prints^ &c« on the payment of fixteen fhilliogs 
" and fixpence more." 

a. Frontifpiece to Kirby^s Perfpe£tive** Engraved 
by Sullivan. Satire on falfe perfpedive* Motto^ 
^* Whoever maketh a defign without the knowledge 
*' of Perfpedtive^ will be. liable to fuch abfurdides 
^' as are fbewn in this frontifpiece/' The occafion 
of engraving the plate arpfe from the miflakes a6 
Sir £• WalpoUy who was learning to draw widiout 
being taught pe;rfpe6:ive. To point out m a fbrong 
light the errors which would . be likely to happea 
from the want of acquaintance with thofe principles, 
this defign was produced. It was afterwards given to 
Kirbyy who dedicated Dr. Brook Taylor*s Method of 
Perfpedive to Mr. Hogarth. The above anecdote is 
recorded on the authority of the gentleman alreadf 
mentioned. The plate, after the firft quantity of 
impreffions had been taken from it, was retouched, 

* •• This work is in quarto, containg 172 pages, and Jt 
plates, in the whole; with a frontifpiece defigncd and 
drawn by Mr. Hogarth, Tis a humourous piece, (hewing 
** the abfurdities a perfon may be liable to, who attempts to 
*• draw without having fomc knowledge in pcrfpedtive. As 
** the produ6tion of that great genius, it is entertaining ; 
•* and, though abounding with the grofleft abfurdities poffiblc, 
•' mny pafs and plcafc ; otherwifc 1 think it is a palpable in* 
*' fult offered to common fcnfe, and tacitly calling the artiflj 
*« a parcel of egregious blockheads. There is not a finiflbcd 
*' piece in the book, but the mafon's yard and the landicapes; 
** fo that I queftion if the whole of rhc plates were forty 
** pounds expencc. It was firft printed for himfclf at Jpfwicb^ 
** dedicated to Mr. Hogarth^ and publifhed iu the year 1754.." 
Malton^ Appendix to Trcatifc on Pcrfpcdtivc, p, 106. 



I 3» 3 
i/Bt TtiT'littirtD Its jilvjULigCr Kr. 5. Iirclstc im 

imm »« r 


riinis ir xr Ekfbcr. *. Tijcfe, ir J5^- 

Ac. ^24. T-»rr linfrriKd tc tct Rsjn:: Hoc. Hrx^ 
Jlrr" : ?22Cf II. fcc. zc, 175" • ^tr ni: Excfliaas}- 
"Sr Zr:m:: Himm fFiSzmn, Amhafiamr tc tac 
Conn of iu^/fic^ : Pbnr HI. ¥ti. ac, r'^5S. <od t3= 
Boc. Sir JEJtotfn:' ll«iK£:. £n^:lr df tfee B£th/; 
PixK- }V. T.zr. 1. T'^^S, DT thr Hon Gcrrr flkrr-r- 
of t~ Lcms Connnffiancrs of tiic Admtialn';. 


.r ; - 

c' r-XK: c: t2KL ocEzpmBBcsi: c: tzjr Trcrk tvd&z: 1 
piii;i,JLrrrr*"fiBh7nx£ tritar icr?zt'- rc^re- 

•* i^-TTtrr - :".•• 1:: iictr-r ij-^ titr* Trirs. — h. c:i-. -n^ 
yarr;. srrcr Li It-: ::. •: * :ru*. - .ff 

-•-•- ••! • 

i.rffi. w -.■ 

t ; . . 




zBAHifa. r.*;s I' w Oi: tsuocb- ens: ^i.ju«. — .. 2. . 

[ 335 ] 

Tbe original pidhires are now in the pofieffiod of 
Mrs. Garrick^ at Hampton. The infcription on die 
banner^ " Give us our eleven days,** alludes to the 
alteration of the Style in 1752 ; in which year, from 
the 2d to the 14th of September^ eleven days were 
not reckoned by aft of parliament. In the eiedion- 
dinner, Mr. Hogarth aflured the writer of thb para- 
graph, that there is but one at table intended for a 
real portrait ; and that is the hijh gentleman [dlie 
prefent Sir John Pamell, nephew to the poet, and 
remarkable for a very flat nofe], who is diverting the 
compattt]^ by k face drawn with a burnt cork upOQ 
the back of his hand, while he is fuppofed to be 
fingiiig — Jin otd woman chat bed in grey. This gen- 
tleman (then an eminent attorney) begged it as % 
favour ; declaring, at the fame time, he was {o ge^ 
nerally known, that the introdudion of his face 
would be of fervice to our arcifl in the fale of hit 
prints at Dubtin. Notwithftanding Hogarth^s aller*^ 
tion, the handfome candidate is pronounced to be 
the late ^omat Potter, efq. and the effigy, feen 
through the window, with the words " No Jewf^ 
about its neck, to be meant for the late Duke of 
Newcajlle. Of yet another real perfonage we receive 
notice, from a pamphlet intituled ** The laft Blow^ 
or an unanfwerable vindication of the Society of 
Exeter College, in reply to the Vice-chancellor Dr. 
King, and the writers of Tbe London Evening Pojl.^ 
4to. 1755. p. 21. — ** The next charader, to whofc 
y merits wc would do jufticc, is the Rev, Dr. C—Jf^ 

« (Coferat). 




-t ^ 

huf very Iir' ^ , .n 

1. r -; ';tf* lie print of aa 

jf/if ///, • % pixWick will fee the 

/W/. . .-■ *7S*'«^^ the freeholders, 

fVit ; " . . ^'^r^* .IIljariii»g for the fake of 

jiii "" '^ .^^'?> *^^^f * jtto ftoentblc and humane 

(V \,.. '^"^^ !ie:r^ rf*« dignity and bene- 

I' .\: :'*"*"V' A«*^ Never did alderman at 

,>'-^ 1 'ai0 *'«*^^ **^^ ^^ ^^^'^ ^° ^P' 
, . -i;::.*^ / j^^ »> hi* country, or fwallow ale 

. ^v ;'-^^^ ijci :*^ -^^ ^^ ^ patriot. Thefe circum- 

.. isi-'^ ^'V, ,^ih:il <^ Mir- Hogarib will undoubtedly 

'^^mfi^^^^ but it is much to be lamented, 

' ***i5i **^*^* ^'^ cannot apjtcar in this print, and 

*^ '. -. fW ariilt caimoi delineate that perluafive flow 

• ^vuucncc which could prevail upon Copyhol- 
. ^;4>ibiuic ihcii bale tenures and iwcar thcm- 
. , -a FrcKhv4vl.:\. Ki;r t'.usoKUorv ^t'a: c:5cr-jr.u 

I • 

.,»•■ • ♦«.' "^ ! »«»•*>■■ • ■-■_ 

■ •• 

• ■ I ■ ■ 

••I * •* » ' ■* * > V '.• ■ - . — . '.i 

• 1 I 


* \ 

height of Tbe Treafury is conttafted with tlie fqtiat 
folidity of The Horfe-Guards, where the arch is {o 
tow, that the ftate-coachmah cannot pafs through it 
with his head on'; and the turret on the top is lo 
drav¥n as to refemble a beer-barrel, ff^are the archi« 
tedt very gravely rertiarked, On this ocCafion,' that the 
thief defed would have been fufficiently pointed but 
by making the eoachman only floop. He was hurt 
fcy Hogartb*s ftroke of fatire. Money is likewifc 
thrown from The Trea/ury windows, to be put into 
k waggbn, and carried into the country. George 
Alexander Stevens^ in his celebrated *^ Ledure on 
•* Heads,*' exhibited the man with a pot of beer, 
explaining, with pieces of a tobacco pipe, how 
Porio Bello was taken with fix fliips only. In Plate 
III. Or. ShebbearCi with fetters on, is prompting 
the idiot ; arid in Plate IV. the old Duke of New- 
c^Jlle appears at a window. A happy parody in the 
laft of thefe plates may, perhaps, have efcaped th* 
notice of comtnoh obfcrvers. Le Brun^ in his battle 
of the GranicuSf has repreferited an eagle hovering 
above the laurel'd helmet of Alexander. Hogarth has 
painted a goofe flying over the periwig'd head of the 
fuccefsful candidate. During the coriteiled Oxford^ 
Jhire eledion ia 1754^ ah outrageous mob in the Old 
Intereft had furrounded a poft-chaife, and was about 

to throw it into the river ; when Captalin T — -. , 

Within-fide, ihot a cMmney-fweeper who was moft 
a&ive in the aflault. The. Captain was tried and ac* 
^itt^d. To this fwSi Hogarth is fuppofed to allude 

mdtcWtmktr nUag on the Bear, witii x 
im bir fiUV aod X csxbme br riis Sdc, -^ixidi 

kiiU ^fcr iirrtc :wrce:i, .^co has clambered op 
-jraiL TTic member chaired is :"aid to jear 
tban an icciotnral relcmbiancs ro Mr. DsdhigfUL^ 
atrcrwsirdi Lord JrEf^^^Tz^^. 

In 17:9 inpcanKi ^^^ A Poeticii Deicr ipua a a£ 
^ \ir. iiu^arth'i Eu^ioa Prints ^, in foin- r^rimp^^ 
♦* Wnrrcn antler Mr, Hignrtb\ fanction and inipec-^ 
'* -;on/' vhich I ihail jvirh riic let's temple tnmicribe 
St i^^rje je:a*/v -f», is ir ;^ras originalljr introduced hy 

* ** 'T'\iT,'j;^', a.'wtreoxptcd Tcr io'proicarrfnmc'* 2&£iz.TQai, 
-^ C A X T O L 
77;/ iftr^fors'i of ax ^l^ctios E»rsRTAi»ME2ir« 

Ho'iA.' r;f, 'hou mirmr of rhc age! 

: ' -r > M » r I • i .1 rri, : hoTi^ I'c rcca'd ha 
r » -.i .rr *I.c San-*tioR jf vour raoie; 

A...: x.Ai'..\i'.z »i 'i»c iicarr ; 
' .. i< o .r >;:ic;:. -^..iv* nv psa 

P,x;iri li i.c •oiceni or rbc ruinci. 
'r;»r u;:rroiir3, r'o«Ii«, 'ti niAnkiod ; 
'J'.rn i.i^nt Thvicii :hn yenc rcgnrd^ 
\<)r i.-r.n 'icncata the r^ik rhc bard ; 
Y-rr. hoii^n uniir, perhaps imkaawn^ 
I luppiic.uc :hv ^id iione : 
I^-r rhcr** all -.fc Xinc intpirc, 
l;o Pioii, G ifc^ftr-'/j^ rune mr lyre! 
].*:: o'vT my rhuiights :hv ipirit O^^tit^ 
And :hv vair tancv -Vakcn mine : 
I feci rhc grnnuic infliicncc now ! 
h jiowi !— fny great ^'ifoUs Thou I 



C 33J> 3 

|)ie following rem^tkable advertifement, dated Cheapo 
ftde^ March i, 1759. " For the fatisfadion of the 

•* reader^ 

^he Writs arc iffued :— to the Town 
^he future Mettibers hailen down ; 

The merry bells their welcome foiindi 

And mirth and jollity abound, 

The gay retinue now comes in. 
The crouds, with emulative din, 
Proclaim th* arrival, rend the iky. 

And Court and Countf^s all the cry. 

Each joyous houfe, of fre% accefs, 

For patriot plebeians^ moVe or iefs, 

Is now feveard, in printed bills ; 

So quacks contrive to veAd their pilUw 

So Bayes makes Earth, and Sun, and Mooo^ 

Difcourfe melodtoufly in tune ; 
\ And, full of wit and complaifance, 

Cry, ** Firft of all we'll have a dance !** 

So at Elections *tis difcreet 

Still firfl of all to have a treat ; 
\ The pulfe of every man to try. 

And learn what votes they needs muft iti^\ 

No freeman well Can tell his fide, 

Unlefs his belly^s fatisfied. 
Behold the feftive tables fct. 

The Candidates, the Voters met ! r 

And Ip, againft the wainfcot placM, 

Th' efcutcheon, with three guineas gracM^ 

The motto and the creft explain, 

Nvhich way the gilded bait to gain. 

There WilUam^s mangled portrait telU 

What rage in party bofoms dwells ; 

And here the banner fpeaks the cry 

For ** Liberty ahd Loyalty.'* 

While fcratches dignify his face. 

The tipfy Barber tells his cafe ; 

How well he for his Honour fought ! 

How many deviliili knocks he got ! 

While, forcM to carry on the joke. 

The 'Squire's juft blinded with the fmoke ; 

Z % And 

t s«® 1 

jt^jt^ ::> jSiifTt ;££ ::us x;nrrgr a-.m cszEicaxaKS 

Alii jiVw 3» Ihnnf *^ iil .ir« f^sj 

'?/' m mar^ z:ri:>kiire. xcid viggoL jxa^t^ 
He mrriis lAinilKiP rnor: -T*ii: iiv iul&. 

Viae iter die i^^n:•l Qtaakcr gat T 

T 2 nake ator inrarot ftine ami tlcadv r 
7nr 'iffxr sad -^eil ^ww Euaaui^ 'iCunr 
^*iar ^i'hg!t the ?!;ftianc: «aa iio» 
rncard;.nr tbumis ^xnw jrirB :he str^ 
rur nutica air i r»i raii'c :fic ':hBBr: 
j^rui n«t«;ling Xat brill: iciapc^ her f L ' uy 
"vV'lUe T'^unpm. bait Icrud dxdioing r^ngiL^ 
> Hi /tffn'.^t"^ baijpipes fqneiiking :nll 
'• Jtju :lvc lie ri.nij,"^ ir rhar j'ou Till. 
Til wic .-.11 .iiiaTTJ •ni::'iiv-i^, 
.ii!U iitl lie ^TC::{t n^c *fj left : 
3«K J'^ivrW. :'2cs i^pnak:- c piain. 
T'i..r -r:nn\ii ioa'* ;c-jprfi rit: Inin ; 
A :cipirc. vsi! -n iit-.v-j-rffw sauwni 
V«j\v :»u> .i»m bv rhc --jiltr-bnuc : 
Ail, .iu*.tti 'oiut ' in inibuili -ic. 
Or, jv 1%. .J/^rczw '"ii nmt lie! 

';::ic:- 'tit-y 'nz 'uir.i ^rom 'he Gown. 
•'! .:••:» i :h^utind' — L:v :hr bvit*-» 


C 34. ] 


'^ opiokp of the following Cantos^ which is^ < That 
^ the thoughts entirely coincide with his own ; that 

. " therf 

Huzza ! the Blad^-go^a^n wins the dav !«-* 

The Mayor with oyrtcrs dies away * f— 

But foftly; don't exult fo fiift. 

His fpirit's noble to the lail ; 

His mouth fiHl waters at the difh ; 

His hand ftill holds hit fityourite fiih ; 

Bleed him the Barber-furgeon wpu^d ; 

He breathes a vein, but whereas the blood t 

* In Tii Eur^pe^n M^aninf for the montli of. OS. ij^j^, appears a 
letter on the fubjed of Painting, (i^ned t^. I. P. which comajiis the foU 
Sowinff eztraordinarY critieifin oo the or^utpnapfe htreViefcrihed. 

** Our Qwn iniqnitable HogMrth ha^ in fome of h>s la(ur pieces, 
^ grofsiy ?ioiated this rule; and, for the fa)^ of crowding his piece 
** with incidents, has reprefented whale cou^d not happen at al). 

** In Ms repreCt^ntatioo of an EleiHon £caA, he hts placed a man at 
^* the end of the table with an oyfVer (till upon his fork, and his fork in 
** his handy though his coat mud havic ^en ()rippcJ up from his arm 
** after he took it u^, hy the fureeoo, who hat nude an ioc^c^'^lual at- 
*' tempt to let him blood. Suppofing gloctonv to have fo'faV abforhed 
** all the perA»ns pr^at, even at the tr^ of a iea(^, as that none of them 
** fhoald pay the leaft attention to this incident, which is, if not impof* 
*' fible, improliable in the hii^h^ft degree, they mu(l neccOarily have 
'' been alarmed at another incident that is reprefenred as takin£^ place at 
** the fame moment : a great flone h^s jaft broke through the window^ 
** and knocked do^fn one of the company, whp is exhibited- in the a6t 
*< of falling ; yet every one is repn^fcntcd as purfuing \\\^ puxpofc with 
•« the utmw tranc^uillity.*' ] ' 

I mud entreat my reader to examine the print, before I can expc^ 
Keltef, when I afTure him, that for this eriticifm there ib not the flightei^ 
foundation.— -The magiftrate is bled in the right arm, which is bared 
for that purpofe, by dripping the coat-fleeve from iL-r-lc is in his left 
hand that he holds the fork with the oyiler on it, hie coar-dcevo being 
all the while on his left arm.— As ro the attention of the company, it is 
carncflly engaged by dlfifierent obje&s ; and H^artb periups (ieiigncd to 
infmuate that accidents, ariOng from repletion or iitdigeHiun, are too 

common at ele^on dinniers to attraf^ notice or excite lulicitude Tlie 

brickbat has not noifily forced its way through a window, but wat 
tlifDwn in at a cafement already opej) ; and a moment mud have elapfed 
before an event fo inflantaneous couJd be perceived in an aifembly, every 
individual of which had his dillin£t avocation. Of this moment our 
artid has availed hiinfclf. Till, thctcfore, the accident was difcove^^ed, 
he has, with the utmod propriety, left every pci/bn prcfenc to pursue 
his former uain of thought or arou(cment« 

Z 3 No 

t 3^ 1 

»»-'f: t--* 


(jT msHnir 

jEoa :mllr icsrz tmaiLii^^xf 
TTie "-tnon inszx . sm 3e r *ai«» 
TTk; tto.! I tHoe lixni Jttat :tiiii 

•• Can irrtcrt sie -«nti vcaikoi r^ 

fin .ueiE Tcrv iiiimw caae^ 

Sr Lontfiiiir giiv^ *tic ticder ttob ! 

^ CfBTTy- JUfiiiucr (ZSuB^ nmss. 3aft ;»::ig • 

Tbr AlOtfraaji. ice ! roam- ** rte bcsL* 
Yc acartr rxxxt * -itia fieer 'hr ^oiu^ 
Tes ^nflstr pmih the ^aai jdbam» 

-vnti trmch icinmi ins dnuv 

ffis pinz dceitfes iie rteaoi ro jr&inf 
Bsffiuiu -he -^vet T^ra him padn : 
9iit je .1 c:tner 'hu mt rhii. 
Cfir tucj^ J rcrran— fic'* \t * *■ ♦ *. 
A r.'^ 'be -ncyrrei :n 'tic 'cnrru 
TVhuit rxcr ttj ncrrr .T.tflnt tj frown, 

Amu fiognii^ :&kc9 hu r'toinrcs 'if: 

Whiit Minrrn* -Jniti ;aTr And -mniiir. -taic^ 

'•♦ ^^•^cKiiccTB \ Bxf^r^ look -c tdtrc:" 

TT.t Jinr C!«ic •"be Tiyicc pjtts, 

** 7oTc :or "m Hononr, iird "ae ufr? ^ 

** riicit -cilcor-boprs uc iil /our jwrx !** 

3t:: :t, '^ixh pumznu :cc:r, 

C;i«, ** ..oMs take 'brv ^nbta fmm noe ; ^ 

•* '.V?.y "hu Mtzn lownn^nt ptriuiy ." 

Hii m', T::h .il.;"iiifit:tn: d::^:^^ 

TriT "r^c "inu ::zjiau .^iifaiv r*ung, 

Rcy;.:i, ** Thrrj ^riOLxntaii I :5n:a rcfiife, 

*• ^yiktaiicrc J ;our caiia In v%aui oi .i*xa .'*• 



I 343 ] ' 

** works have been formerly explained by other 
«* hands, yet none ever gave him fo much fatisfadtion 
^ as the prefent performance. John Smith.*' 


But hark ! what uproar ftrikes the car ! 
Th' oppofing mob, inccns'd, draw near : 
Their waving tattcr'd enligns fee ! 
Here *^ Liberty and Property :** 
A Ja^bcl'd Je^ up-lifted high ; 
There ** Marry all, and aiukiply.'* 
Thcfe, theie, ai^ patrotic fccnes ! 
But not a man knows what he means* 
The Jordan drives their zeal to cool, "^ 
With added weight of thrcc-legg'd ftool : 
But all in vain ; and who can^t eat, 
Now fally out the foe to beat ; 
For glory be the battle try'J ; 
'Huzza! my boys, the ye/J(Kv fide, 
Obferve-the loyal work begin, 
And flones and brick bats enter in ! 
That knocks a riiftic veteran down j 
This cracks the Secretary's crown j 
His minute-book, of fpecial note, 
For every fure, and doubtful vote. 
Now tumbles ; ink the t?ible dyes, 
And backward poor PilUGarlick lies. 
The Butcher, one who ne'er knew dread, 
A Surgeon turns for toother's head ; 
His own already broke and bound, 
Yet wn\i pro pair ia deck'd around. 
Behold what wonders gin can do, 
External and internal too ! 
He thinks a plailer but a jefl ; 
All cure with what they like the bed : 
Pour'd on, ft fooths the patient's pain ; 
Pour'd in, it makes him fight again. 
His toes perchance pop out his Ihoe, 
Yet he's a patriot through and through ; 
His lungs can for his party roar. 
As loud as twenty men, or more» 

Z 4 Yc 

* r 

finr of t&B &St cK 'tirtr 

^-4' 11 

Whit ;^ 'he .•ie3r''iini'i 
Aoct Sir z mil, 'fnf g^orioBr 

3iK Jflfif .nr •«(, pi«t In -vkibtcv 
Fnr r'articr Sdr ae rKxr-far inrT 
3kir -viil tbtsir catdnfrmiteni it an^ 
Xrj'^orzteall^ xf amxi rfwf'Tc .n. 

Xca^ttT*, grrhayi dfjr pBcsfol mind. 
Ik wn 'M aoifeorbiami iociiii'xi ; 
'F^itsx. .est 'jtaot fuift- fbiniki luuwu 'luiiiB^ 
Fir tec ^ ^ivni . md mnir z JEck * 

Jtad /i>(lgn ro the fcccsid pzrt. 

C A y T O IL 

7ns£ 4 froin *he .-nsiincii if uic tlinn^ 
XoTT. ^cnilf; leaser, zaznc -kong ; 
A ifiium .itaii'> no ::itTcr okc — 

T.ii^ cr is !ook Toaiii— 

r J ilifinr -he roilitj or 'he j^-ir"; 
•MKt, ;iriiin^ rrnm 'he prt:* jf -lagc^ 
?.criir.iai 'he -.•, :hc ciiipni -.gc ! 
r mm iiUb' t donie, or >rrtnd rcnuwn. 

Ti Puiizh^ :b cnmical .^nd imart j 

ilaiirn -tciii^tits, .n crcrv fphcre, 

r.j .luf^ 3isn iAu^ as ';Th2t incy ov.* 

*• W:dk 

C 34S 3 

tI))Myval <]fv«r tlie ftag*s horns is unproved. A ihadair 
pa the wainfcot^ prpceeding from a fuppofed mo? 


f * Walk in, the ooly fliow in town ; 

** Punch candidate for CttzzU-Jown i^ 

There fee the pile, in modern taftc. 

On top with tub-like turret grac'd ! 

Where the qrampM entrance, like fome ibcif 

Knocks off the royal drivei^s head; 

Lives there a Wit but what will cry, 

•* An arch fo low is mighty bigbf^* 

See from tlie Trcafury flows the ffAA, 

To (liew that thofe whd*rc bought zitfMft 

Come, Perjury, meet it on the road, 

?Tis all your own ; a waggon-load. 

Ye party-tools, ye courtier- tribe. 

Who gain no vote without a bribe, 

l^aviflily kind, yet infincere, 

Pehold in Punch yourfelves appear ! 

And you, ye fools, who poll for p^^ 

Yc little great men of a day ; 

For whom your favourite will not car6^ 

pbfenre how much bewitch'd you are t 

yet hufli ! — for fee his Honour near j--^ 
Truly, a pretty amorous leer : 
The ladies both look pleafant too \ 
*f Purchafe fome trinkets of the y«r.*f 
pne points to what (heM have him buyj; 
The ofher cafts a longing eye ; 
And Shylochy money-loving fouJi 
impatient waits to touch the cole : 
But here's a Porter ; what's the ncWt ?-^ 
Ha, ha, 'a load of billet-doux ! 
llumbly to fuc th' Electors' favour. 
With vows of CatO'Vikt, behaviour ; 
And how the Borough he*ll efpoufe, ' 
When once a Member of the Houfe t 
Though wifer folks will lay a bet. 
His promifes he'll then forget. 
But pray your Honour condefceivl 
/Vn eye on kneeling H^iU to lend ; 


C 9^ 5 
81—1 tM\ 4kf Tlilfr iMfy "i" iTfii iT j 'fislaHC off tils 

'3rDir -titk nw h -tint Jk iiiiriis:. 

Si.. Witt ^uuit iKce.T^Tis^snDKrjRjf^ 

3i. tinie='liMr:tiu&£:inigfa^:fihiBeir— 
^ hnm: 'Snmi^ JduBBBt wAt^iMnxi^, 
'Wiucfc lifkrr jou afc— «tne ^ndlaT: 
Sir -ntofft.. m -vsit ^ttBT. .is: sacttdl. 

Tier 0;f!C ir ^ttbsrjBttrTwr,-; 

^* Sn, J*ir jnrannSaiirii ^••tte^'SgiiiTg 
*' Tuir cmma t w AnyailJidnt;; 
<^lAy iiDttte^amaiBs aasr iaF 
•^'T^is jut«i:faBiiii,Eir;?— ^Hk SV 
Tter -f' otner cto^ *** hmcl -fid^ unuc*^- 

^ iiic, iKiA Ak Mimuur g inwiarinn: .-; 
*' TtK ^isaifl£ Xanin: ic -ifar .uniunJ ** 

l^ra wriv &all iitt -wnsr ttafct, 
'Sttrst imti. "tfar .am jiKiBuumv nsikr? 
Tieiune 'i— tiini mn — hrisi cusl xsauLT. 
>!*'!;., uttr tBT fcttiuk It uniitrfcnit - 
Tot Crwum SlvI: bss !hiic -c^ he am. ^ 
Isu: -^'otusr tip ^iit- fumi g ;: stsanr*. 

Tiux, cinniuig £f^ ^ui* tarts vna. ^ 
'hwxsii a. tisic Tu* |;aiiB& k Jiinrri ,: 
Tnr irnncf: JimnBr c aL «nir nwi .. 
}iir lim:'*! cauin ;; im. SKsnif iiirL 
Ti tiuDuugb; is "Cdius ±nin. mxth. 

"^VBi, Hrnrftlttg IC tilt '{gaolic Tunre 

yuuBs sswL ±yr wimiist iims jnr. 
7:iac 7iiv]£ lirmf,. v*xii iihqk x cag^ur 

C 347 ] 

uncler her apron, and now dangles by her fide : « 
. faltfeller is llkewife miffing from the table. In the 


And oft has (carM the hoftile coaft, 

Tho' fix'd in Inn-Tardy like a poft, 

Stiil keeps his furious power in ufe ; 

Devouring of the Flvwer'de4ucem 

HoV Certain thofe expanded paws ! > 

How dreadful thofe extended jaws ! 

Behind him Ats the Hoftefs fair. 

Counting her ca(h with earned care ; 

While at the door the Grenadier 

Infped^s her with a cunning leer ; 

As who fliould fay, ** When we're alone^ 

•• Somepart of that will be my own !** 
But who are thofe two in the Bar ? 

Guttlers I fancy — that they are ; 

The fowl to Him*s a noble feaft ; 

He fure makes mouths, to mock the beaft ; 

And t'other hopes to find relief. 

By eating half the round of beef. 

From Gcorgty who wears the Britijb zvo^n^ 

To the remotefl country clown. 

The love of politics extends. 

And oft makes foes of neared friends. 

The Cobler and the Barber there. 

That born to frown, and this to ftarc. 
Both poiitive, you need not doubt. 
Will argue till they both fall out, 

** Well,'* fays the Tonfor, *< now we'll tiy, 
** Who^B in the right, yourfelf or I • 
•* One moment let your tongue be ilill, 
•*^Or elfe be judgM by Johnny Hill: 
•* Vernon he thought a glorious fclloA', 
** Which made him put up Porto Bello. 
•* I'll teach you reafon, if I can— 
^* I (hould though fliavc the Gentleman ; 
** But- never mind it, let him wait ; — 
** Thefc bits of pipe the cafe (hall date."— • 
' ** Drink," cries the Cobler, *• l*m adry ; 
«^ Fflu^^ damn your nonfenfe, what care I ? 

" I tcld 


i 3^ 1 

inmHcffiu t lfln^ ihr ham iw 
pc liir ViitA"! iwnr of awmiir 

• _* 



VTsL wrL.*** C&: ilxia;- »«£&• rs«v 


Br : 

^' A 

- St: 

;. inur 

: "Tim: "nrL ^jul 
r=^ rr.T- "^til: nr- 

7. Fnaoi 

r.v in 

« '-^ 

;--.: -5- t.. 

• 1 • 

0gllniry on ^is cockade ; in the fecond we &ai Pf§ 
pMtria in its ftead. Tke lemons and oranges that 


From Workhoiifei Gabl, and Ho^itat| 
Submifs thqr coinie, thie PatHots all 1 

But lei'i get nearer, while we iby,«-<« 
Good Matter ConiUblei make way! 
^* Hoi ! keejJi the pipage elear and fair '\^^ 
*^ I'll break your fliina !— ftand backward there I 
^* What 1 won't yon let the Pollers come ?'*^ 
Reader, tfaty think us fo^— but fintm. 

Now praife and prejudice expand^ , 

In printed bilfo, from hand to hand ; 
One telUy the *Squire^t a man of worth | 
Generqut and nc4>le fr<>m his birth : 
Another plainly nAakes appear,* \ 

'* Some circnmftance, in filch a year«^ 
The voice of ScandalS fure to wait. 
Or true, or falfe, each Candidate. 
Obfefve the waving flags applied. 
To let Free-bdlders know their fide f 
Hark, at each vote exult the crew ! 
•« TiUowl Huzza !— Huzza 1 the Blu! 

Whdt*br has walk'd through Cbelfea town'i 
Which Buns and Charity renown. 
Has many a College Veteran feen. 
With fcar»feam'd £ioe, and batter'd mien* 
But here's a theoie for future (lory ! 
Survey that Son of Mars before ye I 
Was ever Peniioner like him f — 
What, almoU robb'd of every limb ! 
Only one arm, one teg, one thigh ; 
Gods ! was that man defign'd to die / 
Infpe& hh anweot, war-like face ! 
See, with what furly, manly grace, 
He gives the Clerk Co underibnd 
liis meaning, with his Wo6den hand f 
Perhaps in AnnJ^ glorioUs days, 
His courage gatn'd immortal praife x 
Britofu^ a people brave and rough, 
^hat time lo/d figUtmgf well enouj^h > 

once lay oni^ p^pcr, by the tub in which the boy is 
maJuDg pundi^ are taken away ; becaufe Hogarth, 


And, glad their native land to aid. 

Leg-making was a thriving trade • 

But now we from ourfelves defrart. 

And war*8 condu6ted with new art ; 

Our Admirals, Generals, learn to nin^ 

And Leg-makers are all undone. 

Still he*s an open, hearty blade, 

PleaiM with his fword, and gaj cockade i 

Unbrib'd he votes ; and *tis his pride ; 

He always chofe the honeft fide. 

You think he feems of roan but half, ' 

But, witty Clerk, fuppreis your laugh ; 

His heart is in its ufual place. 

And that fame hook may claw your fice* 

How learnedly that Lawyer pleads ! 

<* A vote like thb, Sir, neVr fucceeds ; 

** The naked hand (hould touch the book ; 

•• Obfcrvc h*as only got a hook.** 

«* Sir/' cries the other, ** that's his hand ; 

(Qyibbles, like you, I underftand) 

•* And be it either fleib or wood, 

•* By Heavens ! his vote is very good.** 

Wife Counfellor ! you reafon right. 

You'll gain undoubted credit by't ; 

But pleafe to turn your head about, 

And find that Idiot*s meaning out ; 

DilVnil's the Whifperer from his chair^ 

*Ti8 quite illegal, quite unfair ; 

Though fliackles on his legs are hung, 

Thofe ihackles can't confine his tongue | 

Methinks I hear him tell the Nifey, 

•» Be fure to vote as I advife ye ; 

•• My writings (hew Pro always right ; 

*^ The nation fmks ; we*re ruin'd quite ; 

** Ammc{^% entirely loft ; . 

** The French invade our native coaft ; . 

•* Our Minifters won't keep us free ;— • 

*^ You know all this as well as me« 



C 35' 1 

in all probability^ had been informed that vitriol^ oi^ 
cream of tartar^ is commonly ufed^ inftead of vege« 


•* All men of parts arc out of place ; 

•* Tis mine, 'tis 'many a wife tnan^s cafe| 

'* And though fo Cf/tf-Uke I write, 

** I ne'er fhall get a farthing by't." 

Good Clerk, difpatch them quick, I pray l^ aj 

How eaiy fopU are led aftray ! 

He thinks th' infinuation*s true, 

As all the race of Idiots do. 

But who comes here ? Ha, one juft dead^ 

RavilliM from out th' infirmary's bed j 

Through racking follies fad and fick^ 

Yet to the caufe he'll ever ftick ; 

Tie the groat favour on hit cap, 

And die True Blue, whate'er may hap, 'J 

Oh, Vice ! through life extends thy reign i 
When Cuftom fixes thy domain, 
Not W{fley*s cant, nor Whitfiells art. 
Can choice thee from th* envelop'd heart I 
Behold that wretch ! whom Venus knows 
Has in her revels loft his nofe ; 
Still with that feafon'd Nurfe he toys 5 
As erft indulges fenfual jo3rs ; 
Can drink, and crack a bawdy joke. 
And ftill can quid, as well as fmoke. 
But, Nurfe, don't fmile fo in his face ; 
Sure this is not a proper place ; 
Take from your duggs his hand away, 
And mind your fick-charge better, pray$ 
Confider, if his faithful fide 
Should hear that in their caufe he died, 
They'd be fo much enrag'd, I vow. 
They'd punifli you ! — the Lord knows how. 
Befide, you take up too much room, 
That boy*led Blind-man wants to come; 
And 'fcap'd from wars, and foreign clutches, 
An Invalid's behind on crutches. 

The man whofe fortune fuits his wifli, 
A glutton at each favourite diihi 


fldBiic ?*'"iffy Off ptifiilc « ■ ■ ^m^w Xtt* 

Ana iTAdm iu iw i fbas cbmh» -wch tubi ; 
iliitf "a* of I'iMiBi ■; tiMBy ail m^ 

jbut .isakke :xsiift 

Cbt'cT^re him <m rtie waSam^ si ! 


koA ?Tt&, flui0ioii«r«BnviM«f big: 

Pisrha)it hargofcr OMiiftatioar 

Ann iTfil b^ uuEDrtnf b« oy'^iy 
Caiei^ rfier're Ofi cte fnpfr Mr. 
lb iiT M if >^^fraHP«, fiwn'd 6ir ittif, 
far |{enlu^ r;bbv<>^ wiiat ]^«a viil^ 

WUk rcaipcr^d piaticr^ teod w h-iitop 
?rnm lu» lier &ce ro iikm :te oA.^ 
■eflui^ on Mluftitk ifanlMff , 
THe araer ^msvtcMw Sfcmtacr liee ! 
Str.u-k •vtrh hit Uiok^fb fsTd aod inf , 
Thtf Wag reibii^e» :o Ikeich ir o«c : 
l-iii(jn:n^ :nc7 vic^ :fac pcnc:i''t pnxz,— 
•• *^»'!t very itkc hiii^ — tlur ir i*,'^ 
\\ux'< 'o r^.n oaivScer with xka longs ! 
** TH? C««ilowf fiiall redrdt our vronfi .' 
/ vr-tfivant, wane io hamoimnit ^e ; 
Tnr 'tcari^rt :kii^ ; the naden fimic 
A'.'i .o, aiihoofh fo rhack the rour, 
T'ney'/c nKMB to pvdi iIm gi«f» aboor ! 
v\»cicry h«r province kce^ ; 
One Beadle wacchM s t'arfaer fleept* 

Hut lee char chariot ! who ridet there ? 
MrtrmmiSj Sir, a iady fair ; 

^ TTie tnipnimif anifl in Vhtt^Jhruif well koonn to ^he learned «nd 
tii|eav>ui, iv Uts rcceilcnce ta akiag Biilb tnm die Luc, ami caits 

C 353 J 

tlie third itnpref&on a hat Is added to tho(e before on 
tht ground, and another on the bench* The whole 


To her celeftial charms are given | 
Ador^ on earth, beloved in heaven ; 
Her frown makes nations dread a fall ; 
Her fmile gives joy and life to all. 
Too geneiDuSy nAerciful, and kind ; 
Her Servants won^t tKeir daty mind ; 
Neither their Miflrefs^ call regards ; 
Their (Indy's how to cheat at cards ; 
The reins of power, oh, iiidifcreet ! 
They trample, carelefs, Under feet ; 
Th* tlnguided couHerb neigh and fpurn. 
And ah, the tar muft overturn ! 
Juft gods, forbid ! — there's comfort yet !. 
For, lo, ho^ near that faVing Pitt ! 
8ure Heaven de(ign*d her that refource^ 
To ftop her venal fervants couife j 
Her peace and fafety to reftore, 
And keep from dangers evermore. 
Ha I fee, yon diflant cavalcade ! 
Exulting crowds, and flags difplayM ! 
Let's to the bridge our foot-ftcps bend—* 
So cheek by jole, along, my friend. 

G A N T O IV. 


** Huzza ! the Country ! not the Court !*'•♦ 
Your Honour can't have better fport ; * 
la old arm-chair aloft you foar — 
No Candidate can wi(h for more. 
Th' election's got, the day's your own, 
And be to all their member known ! 

Ye Moths of an exalted fize ! 
Ye fage Hiftorians, learn'd and wife ! 
Who pore on leaves of old tradition ; 
Vers*d in each praetor exhibition ; 
Tell me if, *midfl the fpoils of age, 
i^d rclicks of the ipoulder'd pagt» 

A a Y©u 


!4dF THga D'. .35 rtcnxsTT 

rtk— =*^— ^ .W*^ fc*4.fc*** JW ..•».. «MtAA*». ««^M 

• jjgu r t c m» — '^-ISBCstx 

err. '^r srco. mT tzs -czjetpsb^ ^cr 

jr* ia 


.( .'ece-«..«sa«e:flr'BBie 

oris a 


'« V>.tfrc jnitcrt waasn 

-Wll 1 j 


Bit. ^m^ 

LIB. ^l. 

JiUanwa: ficrni ' liril' • «a 


^•RT "-JB^iAirt^s, 'le&AMC ; 

fc "00»| . 

/ rom ivtsteh: ;ie moar fop 


■Hi incce '<A.^ .a he >8ate ne ; 
Atfd- '^c^K -arktiT, .^e — i. ^oo-JCm 
^nx, .-axle .'e. en vtatk jear -us 
Cf painoc -vinrrh .aca^ -He rcaa« 

V :h. "^firle '»«Kl /iUfC^^maar -.t jcric^, 

• TZji ..arrfnornr O^i^— *j::x;:, . .av .'• 

.'l ; . •*•,-/ • r^ ^friu:, ^ I r j» . auyiTCT . .car : v 

' • V*- • i u. :. c , ty iftiv 5 — t low it . *; j. : ill ; 

^i'.r et '; .inn vneace't^tt .acce-^oui; 
*cc uc I*iou>^ii« lo s» :af€s caUsil " Ths 3Aau Cooqcqc 

t 355 1 

^^ wlAtUilfiokengcv^hfff^m.Iif^ih^.^: The 

two MrMds in baiich were afterwards effaced* 

I may 

How, like a hero, void of dread^ 
He aims to cract that fiulor's head ! 
While, with the purchafe of the ftroke. 
Behind y the bearer*t pate it broke : 
The faitor too refolvet to drub. 
Wrathful he fwayt the ponderous club | 
Who to ftir up hit rage fhall dare ? 
He'll fight for ever — ^for his Bear, 

Sir Ihdtbrdi agreed, Beaf-baitiog 
Was carnal, and of man's creating ; 
But, had he like that Thrdher dooe^ 
1*11 hold a wager, ten to one. 
His knighthood had not kept him fafe ; 
That Tar had trimm'd both him and Aalfb^ 

In fighting George^s glorious battteS| 
To fave our libei^ies and chattels ; 
Commanded by fonoe former Howe^ 
Ordain*d to make proud GmUim bow^ 
A cannon-ball took off his leg : 
What then ? he fcorns, like fome, to beg s 
That muzzled beaft is taught to dance. 
That Ape to ape the beaux of France ; 
The country folks admire the fport^ 
And fmall colledions pay him for*t. 
Sailors and Soldiers ne*er agree ;— - 
There's difference 'twixt the Land and Sea : 
He, willing not a jeft fhall 'fcape. 
In uniform riggs out his Ape :-— 
From which we reafonably infer 
An Ape may be an Ofiicen 
But, hey-day ! more difafters dill P 
Turn quick th;^ head, bold failor WIIL 
In vain that fellow, on his Afs, 
Attempts to Hogs, at home to pafs. 
The hungry Bear, who thinks no crim9 
To feafl on guts at any time« 

* The earliift imprejioiu of this place ia it^ ftcoad d^it^ have tht 

lame 10 11 1 ipt ion. 

A a a . ^rrefli 

C M« 3 

I mKf hear ttMbfTy that this performance, m ks 
onatttltkKit^w^ £v tiie noft fioiftcd and labcrions 

Arre&M the garbagt in the tub, 

Aod with hit feoot begms fo groEu 

Priy k TT ft'tendtj^ hoicA brochcr. 

That fMie Aft chat iboaid ride anocber ? 

The bdft ieemt wearied widi hk toil. 

And, Iffce the bear, wooM aiuich a while. 

The good wife tkon^ that efery pig 

Should in the waib, thea cowfiif, i^igw 

And went indoiriooflf to fiod 

Her fiumljT of the hospfii hind ; 

But, oh, imhappf &ce to teil ! 

Behind the Tbrdber down ihe fdlz 

Indeed the wonder were no more. 

Had the, bf chance, fidFn down before : 

Away the fow itni^ttd raat. 

Attended bf her little ones : 

Thole grnntinp to each other ioaoding ; 

Tbii fquealcing flirill, throu^ fiear of drowning^ 

^* The lamb thoa dooni'ft to Meed to-daj, 
^* Had he thj reafbo, woo'd be play* ?** 
And did that Bear know be^d be beat. 
Would be from out that firiin eat ? 
The Afs't rider lifts hit diet ; 

Take out yoar nofe, old Bruin^ quick ; 

A grin of vengeance arms hit ^ce, 

Preiaging tortare, and difgrace* 

The Ape, who dearly loves to ride 

On Brultii back, in martial pride, 

Dejc^ed at the fad occalion, 

I/K;ki up, with foft comroiferation % 

At if to fpeak, ** Oh, fpare my friend I 

** Avert that blow you now intend !*• 

'Tit complaifant, good-natur*d too ;— « 

Much more than many Apes would do. 
Obfer? e the chimney-fweepers , there ! 

On gate-poft, how they laugh and ibre ; 

• Ice f0f^i Efiay on Man. 


t, 357 1 

^ all HcgartVs engravings. Having been two ^earf 
on fale (from 1755 to 1757) it was confiderablf 



Thofe bonei, and emblematic iknll. 
Have no efTedt to make them dull ; 
Pieas'd they adorn the death-like head 
With fpedtaclea of gingerbread. 

When LmJom city*t bold train-band * 
March, to preferve their track of land^ 
Each valorous heart the i^^xrri^ defying. 
While dnmis are beating, colours flying. 
How many accidents refound 
From Tawif'biU to th' ArtiUery»gr9tnd ! 
Perhaps fooie hog, in friflcy pranks, 
Ujiluckily breaks through tlwir ranks. 
And makes the captain itonn and fwear, 
To form their foldiers, as thty were: 
Or elfe the wadding, which th^rami 
Pop into fome one's ear they jam i 
Or not alert at gun and fivord. 
When thetr commander gives the word 
To ike, amidfi the duft and clamour. 
Forget t6 draw their defperate rammer % 
And one or two brave comrades hit. 
As cook« fix larks upon a fpit. 
That Monkey's fure not of the reg'ment. 
Yet ftill his arms Ihould have abridgement { 
The little, aukward, martial figure. 
Will wriggle till he pulls the trigger : 
*Tis done — and fee the bullet fly ! — 
Pop down, you rogue ! or elfe you'll die« 

Survey « as merry as a grig, 
The Fiddler dancing to his jig ! 

^* Company marched according to cuftooi once in three ycafi (called 
'< Barnes's March ^hj which they hold an cftatc) : they went to Sir 
^' George W^bitmore*s^ and took a dunghill. Ai thiy were inarching 
" through Bunbili'Ro'w, a large hog ran betwcjCA a woman's legs and 
** threw her down,, by which atcident the ranks were broke, which 
** jput the army in the utooll confafion before the/ could recover." 

Aa} No 

I 35a 3 

of Plate tbe ^rmitz 
and TTfrmfftrrf tfll aln 

Conid ef«r boail noore Icagcii of faeudx 
Tli his ID wait on Msfler Asibiv 
And mae awar m ail faA doin^; 
Toil tluDk thit ftxaii§By hat 'd&ao 
Than QjAaw did in da^rdf |Qie£ 
With modttn UdloB ia if tet ; 
They gftan fixatdi to iIbm Tiifc^liniii 
Be rook to fcnping in bkgggt^ 
And playt ia cone^ at weD aa^ima | 
Eledbnt chacr hit oMrqrliBact ; 
Sure alvnqrf cbe^ ca/^Qr bi^jmtc 
Jn topag haalsb m 
As csBecntias .iJBf Oowrivr*. 
Tfao' fbnie Mnfcaaa fiaan 
Theftriofi, if ^nnkagbfi too anch^ 
Tet heU tope ala^ or float Cyhty, 
And ibapo as «dl wiaa dnqky as Ibbaw 

Loy oa jaa flaoc wfaidi Ihwrs fhe wqr» 
Thar rtaaeOcrs m^nlc go aiLn^ ; ^ 

And rdlf boir qaaqr mUes cfa^ lag 00, 
From L&mdm^ in the drawling waggso^ 
A Soldier firs, ia naked buff! 
In troth. Sir, this is odd enough ! 
Hii head bound up, his fwjrd-blade broken^ 
hrA fldh wi:h many a bloody token, 
Dechre he fangjbt exuemclj well ; 
Bur which had bed oa% who can tell I 
If he Aere vidor, *tis cnnfeit. 
To be ib nsaoi'd makes bad the beil : 
What though he (hiarr, he likes the jobb j 
Tis^^ to head a paity-oiob. 
But what reward ibr all he did?— 
Ch, Sir, hell never want % — ^mid, 

Tboe's fomewbat (avory in the wind—* 
Thoie Courtiergy Friend, have not yet dm'dg 
Their tme aDy, grvre Fuxadt'cmife^ 
A na^ ^fbc kmed in caelawi^ 


C 359 ] 

molt all die original and finer traces of the buria 
were either obliterated or covered by fucceeding ones. 


(Whofc meagre clerk below can't venture. 
And wiihes daninM the long indenture), 
I As cuftom bids, prepares the dinneri 
For, though they've loft, ytt he*s the winner* . 
See, the domeftic train appear f 
Old £«jfi&Bi^ bringing up the rear ! 
Curfe on their flx>machs9 who can*t brook 
Oood Engiyb hxc^ from En^ifi cook I 
Obierye lank Monfieur, in amaze. 
Upon the valiant foldier gaze ! 
'* Morbleu ! you love de fight, V€ fee, 
^* But dat is so de dt(h for ve/' 
Behold, above^ that azure garter- 
Look, now he whilpers, like a tartar ; 
By button, fafl he holds the other, 
The loft ele^ion makes a pother. 
^* All this parade is idle fluffs- 
•^ We know our intercft well enough— 
'* We ftill fupport what we e^ufe ; 
^\ We'll bring the matter in the Houfe.'* 

Of fome wife man, perhaps pbilofopheri 
(If not. It flings the vice a glofs over) 
rve read, who, Maudlin-like, would cry 
Soon as he 'ad drunk bis barrel dry : 
Yon fellow, certain as a gun. 
Of that Philofopher's a Sob : 
Long as the pot the beer could fcoop, 
^e fcorn'd, like fwine, to trough to iloop ; 
But, now 'tis (hailow, kneels devout^ 
Eager to fuck the laft drop out» 
Vociferous Loyalty's a-dry. 
And, 1.0, they bear a firefii fupply ! 
That all the i|>ob may |xiar applaufe, 
And know they'll never ftarve the cauic. 

When grey-mare proves the better horfe^ 
The man is miserable of courfe ; 
That Taylor leads a precious life-'w 
jLook at the termagant his wife, 

A SI 4 She 

C 360 3 

In ihort. there is the (acne difierence bciwcca the 
caflieft and latcft impreffions, is there was between 
the firft and fecond Ibte of Sir ^9.^ QtiUr^i fiockiogs, 
which, by frequent mending, from filk degenerate4 
into worded. 

She pays him (wttx\j o'er the head ;<— 
'* Get home, yoa dog, and get ^rour bread; 
*^ Shall 1 have oodiing Co aj^Kar io, 
*< While yon get dmnk elediooeering ? 

See from die Town-ball prefs the crowd, 
While rufiie Butchere riog alond ! 
Thrre, lo, tbeir cap of liberty ! 
Here t'other fide ia effgy I 
A notable devioe. to call 
The Courtier party blockheads all : 
Aloft Tme-Bfue, their eoiigo, Aid, 
And acclamatiofM rend the ikies. 
Reflet, my friend, and judge from thence^ 
Honr idle this extreme eapence ; 
What mighty fums are thrown away. 
To be the pageant of the day ! 
In vsiin Defcrt implores protcdtoiu 1 
The Rich are fonder of £!c(5lfon3« 

Th* ambitious Peer, the Knighr, the 'SquirC| 

Can buy the Borough they dclirc ; 

Yer fee, with unafTifting tyc. 

Arts fade av/ay, and Genius dtc. 

'I irM with the applnuding, and the fnccring, 

And all that's iHfd Elc^ftionccring, 

I think to take alitrle tour, 

And likely lowVd iho Gallic fhorc ; 

The Mafc, to whom wc bear no malice, 

Invircs me to the Gate of Calais *. 

That gaic to which a knight of worth, 

•YclcpM Sir Uin, of Eritijb birth, 

Advanc'd, though not in hoilile plight, 

And put their army in a fri^jht. 

But more it fits not, hereto tell, 
.&0y courteous Reader, fare thee well^ 
* See above, p. 2 9 5, 

I Icarn 

I learn alfo^ en the bell authority, that cxir ardft. 

mho was always fond of trying to do what no mas 
had ventured to do before hiia, refolved to finiih 
this plate without taking a fingle proof from it as he 
proceeded in his operation. The confcquence of 
his terr^erity was, that he almoft fpolled his pcrfor- 
Riancc. When he difcovered his folly, he raved, 
flaniped, and fuore he was ruined, nor could be pre- 
vailed on to think otherwife, till his pafEon fubfided, 
and a brother artifl affifted him in his efforts to re- 
ipedy the general defedt occaiioned by fuch an ^- 
^mpt to perforgi an impoffibility. 

In Plate 11. we mpet with a frcfli proof of our 
^nift's inattention to orthography ; Party-tocl (ufcd 
:}s a proper name) being here fpelt parti-tool. This 
plate was engraved by C. Grfgnfoa, and has been re- 
touched, as the upper-row of the lipn's teeth arc 
quite oblitepted in the (econd impreffion. 

Platp \\1. The m^itia- (or, as Hogcrih fpells it/ 

milifia) bill appearbg oyt of the pocket of the 

piaimed voter, is oi^ly found in the fecond impreffion. 

Jhis print was engraved by Hogarth and Le Cave *• 

The dead man, whom they are bringing up as a 

♦ MorelloH Le Cave. Mr. ffalpole^ in liis catalogue oi RngUJh 
cngravep, (odav^ ^rdit.) prpfefles to l^now no morcofthb 
artift thaa that he was *• a fcholar of FLart^** and ** did a 
** head of Dr. PoceckehtfoTQ T<iWIj*i edition of tjic Doctor's 
f* works.'* In the year 1739, however, he engraved Ca//^Vi 
Coram^ &c, at the head otthc Power of Attomcy, &c. (a dc- 
fcriprion of which fee p. 254. of the prefcnt work) and after* 
>vards waa Hogartljs coadjutor in thi« third of his Eie^ion 
plates* Ac the bottoni of it he Is only ilylcd Le Cave. 


C 3<f^ 1 

voter, iBodei la an event of tbe (ame kind thtf 
btppeMd doring the conteflcd elcdion between Bof- 
i»mh flod Sehujn. ^^ ^'by," iajrs one of the clerks^ 
^ Jim have brought us here a dead man." — ** Dead !** 
cries tbe bringer ; ^' dead as you fuppofe him, you 
** ftaH foon bear him voce for Bofwwrth.^ On this, 
a tbump was given to the body, which, being full of 
wind^emitted a found that was immediately affirmed 
to be a diilind, audible, and good rote for the can* 
didaee already mentioned. — This circumftance, bow^ 
ever, might have reference to the behaviour of tbe 
late Dt. Barrowby^ who perfuaded a dying patient 
he was fo much better, that be might venture with 
bim in his chariot to go and poll for Sir George 
fandeput in CovenuQarden^ The unhappy voter 
took hts ^byfician^s advice, but expired in an hour 
after his return from tbe buftingSt ^' If Hogarth^ 
fays Mr. Walp^U^ ^^ had an emblematic thought, he 
•• exprcifcd it with wit, rather than by a fymbol. 
•• Such is that of the whore fctting fire to the world 
•* in I'he Rake's Progrefs. Once indeed he defcendcd 
*' to ufc an allegoric perfonage, and was not happy 
•* in it. In one of his ElcAion prints f plate III.] 
•* Britannia's chariot breaks down, while the coach- 
^^ man and footman are playing at cards on the 
r box.^ 
In the fecond imprcffions of Plate IV. * (which wa$ 

• Some of thcfcfcencs having been reverfcdby the engraver^ 
ffbc figures in thcnn are renrcicntcd as ufing their lett hands 
fjiilcad oi thbir right. 


engrtwrcd tyTF. Hogarth and F. Avilin^) the (hado'rtf 
«n the fun-dial, denoting the hcnir^ and the word 
indmt«r (commonly fpclt indenture) on the fcroll 
hanging out at the attorney^ window, arc both' 
luided. The 6re from the gun is alfo contibqed 
farther; the bars of the chuTch*gate are darkened | 
and the upper fprigs of a tree, which wi^re botf at 
firft, are covered with leaves. .:•.•• 

By tbefe marks, the vnikllful purchafer may di^J 
guiihthe early from the later impreffions. I forbetf 
therefore to dwell on more minute variations. 
, The ruined houfe adjoining to- the attorney'^, tn* 
timating that nothing can thrive in the neighbour* 
hood of fuch vermin, is a ftroke of fatire that ihould 
not be overkx)ked. 

The publick were fo impatient for this fet of 
prints, that Hogarth was perpetually haftening his 
coadjutors, changing fome, and quarrelling witll 
others. Three of the pli^tes therefore were (lightly 
fxecuted, and fopn needed the reparations they have 
^nce received. 

The following curious addrefs appeared in the 
'Public Advmifer oi Feb. 28, 1757. 

" Mr. Hogarth is obliged to inform the fubfcribers 
4' to his E|e<£lion Prints, that the three laft cannot be 
<* publiihed till about Chriftmas next, which delay 
^^ is entirely owing to the difiiculties he has met with 
<^ to procure able hands to engrave the plates ; but 
^^ that he neither may have any more apologies to 
V make on fuch an account^ nor trefpafs any fur- 

" they 



[ 3«4 5 

. 39 

«*«her<m rte indulgence oi the public by encreafing 
** acollcdlicw already fufficicntly large, he intends to 
** employ the reft of his time in portrait-painting; 
** cbielly thjs notice feems more neceffary, aj fevcral 
** rpufious and fcandatous prints ''' have lately been 
** publiftied in his name. 

" All Mr. Hogarth's engraved works are to be had 
** at his houfc in Lekejlir -fields^ fcparatc or together; 
" as alfo his Analyfis of Beauty, in 4to. with two 
••explanatory priflts, price 15/. With which will 
*' be iltlivercd gratis, an eigh teen-penny pamphlet 
•* publiflied by A> Miller, called The Live/itgator, 
** written in oppoiitipn to the principles laid dowQ 
w in the above Analyfis of Beauty, by ji. R. f, a 
« friend lo Mr. Hc^artb, an cmincm portrait-paintci 
•' now of Rmnf," 

1 be foregoing advertifemcnt appears to have been 
wrinen during the influence of a fit of fplccn or dtf* 
appointment, for nothing elfc could have difiated to 
our artift fo abiurd a rcfoluiion as that of quitting a 
walk he had trod without a rival, to rci-cntcr another 
in which he had by no means dlftinguifhed himfclf 
from the herd of common paintcn, 

1. Fratut and Englaitdf two plates ; both etched 
by himiclf. Under them are the following verfcs, 
l»y Mr. (Jorrick : 

* Qocf^, wbat were the fL-and^oui printi 19 which he »I- 

t Tbi» J. R. wa» jUlat Hamfaf ; but )w»iiig never ja^ 
with hi* \fiUnt.inctt 1 can give uu account uf ii. 



C 3«5 3 

Plate L FraHcIw 

With lanthern jaws^ and croaking gut. 
See bow the hz\{-&zrv^d Frencbmen ftrut^ 

And call us Englijh dogs ! 
But foon we'll teach thefe bragging foes^ 
That beef and beer give heavier blows 

Than foup ai\d roafted frogs. 

The prieftsj inflam'd with righteous hopes. 
Prepare their axes, wheels , and ropes. 

To bend the -ftiff-^neck'd finner } 
But, ihould they fink in coming over^ 
Old Nick may filh 'twixt France and Dcverg 

And catch a glorious dinner. 

Plate 11. England. 

See yohn the Soldier, Jack the Tar, 
With fword and piftol arm'd for war. 

Should Mounfeer dare come here ! 
The hungry Haves have fmclt our food. 
They long to tafte our flefh and blood,. 

Old England* s beef and beer I 

Britons f to arms ! and let 'cm come. 
Be you but Britom ftill. Strike home, 

And lion-like attack 'em ; 
No power can fland the deadly llroke 
Tbat*s given from hands and hearts of oak^ 

With Liberty to back *em. 

2. The Search Night, a copy* J. Ftelding fcui^. 

t 3^ t 

ilfi March, 175^ *. ** A very tadjfrint, and t it^ 
«* lieve an mpojition.^^^ On this plate are fixteen fiupid 
verfes, not worth tranfcribing. It was afterwards 
copied again in two different iizes in miniature'^ 
printed off on cards^ by Darly^ in 1766. The original ^ 
in a fmall oval^ was an impreflion . taken from- th^ 
top of a filver tobacco-box ^ engraved by Hogarth iocr 
one Captain Johnfon, and never meant for publics 

1. His own portrait +, fittingi and painting tl) 

Mufe of Comedy. Head profile, in a cap. The A-^- 

nalyfisof Beauty on the floor. IV* Hogarth, ferjeani^"^ 

painter to his Majejiy. The face engraved by W. ^ 


I Ihould obferve, that when this plate was left "^ 

with the perfon employed to furnilh the infcriptioni « 

he, taking the whole for the produdtion of ourartift, 

wrote " Engraved by W. Hogarth'' under it. Ho* 

garth, being confcious that the face only had been 

* There is alfo a copy of this print, engraved likewife by 
Fielding^ and dated Auguft 11, 1746. 

f Among the prints bequeathed by the late Mr. Forrefit^ 
his executor Mr. Caxc^ is this head cut out of a proof, and 
touched up with Indian iifk by Hogarth, Mr. Forrefi^ in an 
infcription on the back of the paper to which it^is affixed, ob- 
ferves it was a prefent to hkn from Mrs. Hogarth. 

With thefe prints are likewife feveral early imprefEons from 
other plates by our artift ; and in particular a March to Finch* 
/ejuaocommonly fine, and with the original fpelling of pbusia 
uncorredted even by a pen. I am told that both the head and 
this, with other engravings in the colledion of the late Mr. '* 
f^rrtfi^ will b« fold by audion iu tlie courfe of the Winter '^ 

• - I touchcc& 

touched by himfelf, added^ with his own hao^f 
^ ne Face'' Engraved, &c. 

In the fecond impreffioo ^* The Face Engraved 
•* by W. Hogarih*' is totally omitted. 

la the third impreflion *^ Serjeant -painter, &c/' 
is fcratched over by the burin, but remains dill fuf- 
ficiently legible. 

The fourth impreffion has ^^ the face ret^ucbei^ 
•* htU not fo like as the preceding *. Comedy alfo has 
*^ the face and majk marked with black f , and infcribed^ 
'^ CoMBDY, 1 764. No Other infcription but bis name^ 
« William Hogarth, 1764.'' 

The original from which this plate is taken, is in 
Mrs. Hogarth's pofTeffion at Chifwick. ' A whole- 
length of herfelf, in the fame fize, is it9 companion* 
They are both fmall pi<3:ures. 

2. The Bench. Over the top of this piate is 
written in capitals— CHARACTER. Under it '' of 
** the different meaning of the words CbaraSer^ 
' ^* Caracatura, and Outrcy in painting and drawing.'* 
Then follows a long infcription on this fubjed:. 
The original painting is in the collection of Mr. 

I. The Cockpit. Dejigned and engraved by W^ 
Hogarth% In this plate is a portrait of Nan Rawlins^ 
a very ugly old woman (commonly called Deftford 
Nan, fometimcs the Duchefs of Deftford), and well 

• ^ i. c. the two firft. , 

t So ia both the third and fourth impreiCons.- . 



C 36S 1 

ftthembered at N£:fmarht, She wa* a famous cfocfc.* 
feeder, and did the honours of the gcntUmen't ordi- 
nary at yVer/^m^/ow ; white, in return, a frnglc gen- 
>tleman was deputed lo prefidc at the table approj 
priated to the Indies. The figure with i hump back, 
was defigned for one Jack/oit, a cfncc noted Jockey 
at Newmari-et, The blind prefident is Lord ///if 
iMik Berl'te, wlio was a coiirtaiit artoWer of this 
diverficin. His portrait was before clifcoverable iri 
the crowd round the bruifers in the March to Finchtty. 
• By the ctjckpit laws, any pcrfoii who cannot, or 
will not pay his debts of honour, is drawn up in a 
balkit to the roof of the building. Without a know- 
ledge of this circtim fiance, the fliadow of the mati 
who is offering his watch would be unintelligible^ 

The fubjciftot The Cockpit had been recoin'nitnd-' 
ed to hhgaTtb fo long ago as 1747, in the followmg 
lines, fiill printed In The Gentlcman*i Mjgazjne of 
that year, p. ijiz. 

•' Where Dud/len'i * walks with vary'd beauties iKine, 
•* And fomeare pleas'd with bowling.fotne with wine, 
•' Behold a generous train of Cocks repair, 
, *' To vie for glory in the toils of war ; 
** Each hero burns to conquer or to die : 
*' What mighty hearts in little bofoms lie! 

" Com^, Hcgarih, ihou whofe art can bcfl declare 
" What forms, what features, human ^nflions wear, 

• A fjcnikmati') fcat, about a mile from Birminjilntnr, Sited 
up for ct'C reccptioa of cqmpsaj', ia inuiation of i'Mx-tmlJ 

*• Come 

C S69 3 

*• Otxne, with a painter's philofophic fight, 

•• Surrey the circling judges of the fight* 

" Touch'd with the fport of death, while every heart 

*• Springs to the changing face, exert thy art ; 

** Mix with the frailes of Cruelty at pain 

*' Whatever looks anxious in the luft of gain ; 

" And fay, can aught that's generous, juft, or kind, 

" Beneath this afpedt, lurk within the mind ? 

" Is luft of blood or treafure vice in all, 

" Abhorr'd alike en whomfoe'er it fall ? 

" Are mighty dates and gamblers ftill the fame ? 

^^ And w^ itfelf a cock^^fight, and a game ? 

*^ A re fieges^ battles, triumphs, little things ; 

" And armies only the game-cocks of kings ? 

** Which fight, in Frcedoxi's caufe, ftill blindly bold, 

** Bye-battles only, and the main for gold ? 

" The crefted bird, whofe voice awakes the mom, 
" Whofe plumage ftreaks of radiant gold adorn, 
" Proud of his birth, on fair Salopians plain, 
** Stalks round, and fcowls defiance and difdain. 
** Not fiercer looks the proud Helvftians wear, 
" Though thunder flumbers in the arms they bear: 
*^ Nor Thracias fiercer Tons, a warlike race ! 

Difplay more prowefs, or more martial grace. 

But, lo ! another comes, renown'd for might, 
** Renowo'd for courage, and provokes the fight. 
" Yet what, alas ! avails his furious mien, 
** His ruddy neck, and breaft of varied green ? 
•* Soon thro* his brain the foe's bright weapon flies, 
** Eternal darknefs fliadcs his fwimming eyes ; 

B b ** Proftrate 

C 370 3 

^^ Proftrate he falls, and quivericrg fpums the ground^ 
^' While life indignant iffues from the wound, 
•* Unhappy hero, had thy humbler life 
*^ Dcny'd thee fame by deeds of martial ftrife. 

Still hadft thou crow'd, for future pleafures fpar'd^ 

Th' exulting monarch of a farmer's yard. 

** Like fate, alas ! too foon th* illuftrious prove. 

The great by hatred fall, the fair by love ; 
•* The wife, the good, can fcarce preferve a name, 
•* Expung'd by envy from the rolls of fame. 
** Peace and objivion ftill through life fecure, 
** In friendly glooms, the fimple, homely, poor. 
^' And who would wiih to bafk in glory's ray, 
^* To buy with peace the laurel or the bay ? 
♦* What tbo' the wreath defy the lightning's fire, 
•* The bard and hero in the ftorm expire, 
" Be reft and innocence my humbler lot, 
•* Scarce known through life, and after death forgot V^ 

2. A fmall oval of Bifhop Hoadly^ setat. 83* Ho^ 
garth finx. Sberhck fculp. 


I . Frontifpiece to Trijram Shandy* Of this plate 
there are two copies ; in the firft of which the bat 
and clock are omitted. S. Ravenet fcul^. In this 
platt is the portrait of Dr. Burton^ of Torky the Ja- 
cobite phyfician and antiquary, in the character of 
Dr. SV. 

Sterne probably was indebted for thefe plates 
(efpecially the £cft of them) to the following com- 
pliment he had paid our author in the firft volume of 





C 371 3 

Trijtram Shandy. *^ Such were the outlines of Dr. 
•• Slopes figure, which, if you have read HogartVs 
•* Analyfis of Beauty ^ and, if you have not, I wifli 
^* you would, you muft know, may as certainly be 
** caracaturcd, and conveyed to the mind by three 
'* ftrokes as three hundred." 

2. Frontifpiece to Brook Taylor*s Perfpeftive of 
Architeftur**. With an attempt at a new order. 

* Publifbcd in two volumes, folio, I76it hy Jojhua Kirly^ 
Dcfigrter in Perff>e6tivc to \xi\ Majefty. — ** Here is a curious 
' frontispiece, defigned by Mr. Hogarth ; but not in the iame 
ludicrous ftyle as the former (fee p* 333) • '^ ^^''^ ^^ be 
wiQicd that he had explained its meaning ; for, being fym- 
*^ bolical, the meaning of it is not fo obvious as the other. To 
•* me it conveys the idea, which Milton fo poetically defcribcs^ 
•* of the angel Uriel gliding down to Paradife on a fun-beam ; 
** but the young gentleman has dropped off before he bad 
** arrived at his journey's end, with Palladio^s book of arclii- 
•* teclure on his knees, A ray of light from the fun, riftng 
** over a diftant mountain, is dire<5lcd to a fcroll on the ground, 
•* on which arc two or three fcraps of pcrfpe^ivc ; over which, 
** fiipported by a large block of ilone, is the upper part of a 
•* iccptrc, broke off; the fliaft very obliquely and abiurdly 
** inclined, fomewhat rcfcmbling the Roman t^fccs, and girt 
** above with the Prince of Walts^i coronet, as an aflragal, 
** through which the fafces iife, and fwcll into a crown, 
** adorned with embroidered ftars ; .this is the principal ob- 
** je^t, but mod vilely drawn. The ray p«ffes through a 
'^ round temple, at acunfidcrable diiUnce, which is »lfo falily 
** reprefentcd, the cur\-es being for the diftance too round, 
" .:ttd confequently the diminution of the columns is too 
** great It appears ro pafs over a pic^ of water; on this 
'^ fide the ground is fertile and luxuriant with vegetaiion, 
*-^ al)Ounding with trees and flirnbs ; on the other lide it 11 
•* rocky and barren f- What is indicated by this fecms to be, 

t The idea of this contraft between fertility and * arrcnncfs is an 
old one. H(*garto prubiibly took it from the cagravio^ known t)v the 
nasie of sioffuMs Dream, 

B b « ^ that. 

ind I 

c 372 3 

IT. Hosartb, "July 1760. W. molUtfiulp. LeftaJiy 
reader fhould fuppofe that this idea of forming a new 
capita! out of the Star of St. George, the Prince of 
Wales's Feather'^, and a regal Coronet, was hatched 
in the mind of Hogarth after he had been appointed 
Serjeant Painter, the following pafiage in the Atta- 
int will piove that many years before he had concei- 
ved the prafticabiliry of fuch an attempt : fee p. 40. 
** I am thoroughly convinced in myfelf, however 
'* it may ftartle fome, that a completely new and 
" harmonious order of architecture in all its pai 
*' might be produced, &c," Again, p. 46. " Ev( 
" a capit.ll, compofcd of the aukward and confined 
*' forms of hats and perriwigs, as Fig. 48. Plate I. 
" in a fkilful hand might be made to have fomc 
" beauty." Mr. S. Irf/nmihas the original Hictch. 

3, Mr. Huggins. A fmall circular plate. Hogarth 
fi»x. AhjoT fculp. On the left, a buft, infcribed, 

*' PcRCATORio, iL Paradiso." Mr. Hl'ggtnt (of 
whom fee p. 19.) had this portrait engraven, to pre- 
fix to his tranfiation of Dante, of which no more 
than a fpcclmcn was ever publifhed. 

The bull of Jriojio was inferred by ihe [K)fiti\-e 
order of Mr. Huggint (after the pUic was finifhcd), 

•• ihar, (ilicrcihc art* are tncouragcd by i!ic rays of royal 
•' tavciiir, ihcy will ihtivc and flouritli ; but nherc tlicy are 
" ncgletleii, and do not fiud encouragement, they will droop 
«' and languifli." jI/h/Wi Appendix la Ins Treaufc on Per- 

* Mr. U. Emfya I135 lately realized this plan, by his Pro- 
jiol'ali for a new order of arciiitciiiurc, j;8i. 


C 3*3 ] 

though much/againft the judgement of the engraver, 
who was convinced that a (till ground wopld have 
Ihewn the countenance of the perfon reprefentcd to 
much greater advantage. Mr. Major^s charge was 
only three guineas, and yet eleven years clapfed be- 
fore he received even this trifling acknowledgement 
for his labour. Dr. Monkhoufe has the plate. 


1. Frontifpiece and tail-piece to the catalogue of 
pidlures exhibited at Spring Gardens. W. Hogarth 
inv\ C. Grigfuon fculp. There is a variation of this 
print ; a Latin motto under each in the fecond edi- 
tion. In the earlieft impreflions obity correded after- 
wards to obiit. The fame mark of ignorance, how- 
ever, remains unamended over the monument of the 
Judge in the firft plate of the Analyfts. 

2. Time blackening a picture. Subfcription -ticket 
for his Sigifmunda. ** ThiSj and the preceding iaiU 
** piece, are fatires on Connoijfeurs** 

3. The Five Orders of Perriwigs at the Corona- 
tion of George III.* Many of the heads, as well 
as wigs, were known at the time. The firft head of 
the fecond row was defigned to reprefent Lord M?/- 
combe ; and thofe of Bifliops Warburton, Mawfon, 
and Squire, are found in the groupe. The advcrtife- 
ment annexed, as well as the whole print, is faid to 
have been a ridicule on Mr. Stewart's Antiquities of 

* A Differtation on Mr ^ Hogarfb^s print of the Order of 
Perriwigs, viz. the Epifcopal, Aldermanic, and Lexonic, is 
printed in 7%f Beauties of all the Magazines^ l/^i, P* 5>« 

B b 3 Athens, 

r 37* ] 

JbbitUj in wiueh> with minutt accuracy^ are given 
the meafurements of all the membei% of the Greek 
Architedure. The infcription under the print af- 
fords a plentiful crop of falfe fpcllings — volumns— 
tdvertifment — ^bafo — &c. The fccond e in adver- 
tiff ment was afterwards added on the neck of the fe« 
male figure juit over it. The firft and fubfequent un» 
preflicns will be known by this diftindion. 

4. Frontifpiece to the Farmer^s Return from Lqh^ 
don J an Interlude by Mf. Garrick ♦, aded at Drury 
Lwe. W. Hogatib delin. J. Bofin fculp. In Mr, 
Fojler's coUtdtion is a bad copy of this plate, ng 
name, the figures reverled. The original drawing 
was given to Mr. Gar rick ^ and is fuppofed to be in 
the poffLffio^ of his widow at Hampton. Mr. 5. hre* 
land has a fketch of it. An excellent copy of this 
plate is fometimes fold as the original. 

5. Another frontifpiece to Trifiram Sbandy (for 
the fecond volume). His chrillcning. F. Ravenet 

♦ Mr. GarricVs publication was thus prefaced : •* The fol- 
•• lowing interlude was prepared for the Hagc, merely with 
** a view of affifting Mrs, Frltchard at her benefit ; and the 
•' defirc of ferving fo good an adlrefs is a better excufe for itf 
•* defedts, than the few days in which it was written and rc- 
*^ prefented. Notwithdanding the favourable reception it 
*♦ has met with, the author would not have printed it, had not 
*• his fricud, Mr, Hogarth^ flattered him moft agreeably, by 
•* thinking the Farmer and bis Family not unworthy of a Ikctch 
** of his pencil. To him, thereforei this trifle, which he hat 
** fo much honoured, is infcribed, as a faint teflimony of the- 
** fincere efteem which the writer bears him, both as a man 
" and an artift,** 

6. The 

C 375 ] 

•6. The fame engraved by Ryland. This, as I 
am informed^ was the firft, but was too coarfely ex- 
ecuted to fuit that prepared for the firfl volume of 
the fame work. ^ 


1. Credulity, SuperfiitioD, and Fanaticifm. " Sa- 
V tire on NUtbcdifis'* " For deep and ufeful fatire,*' 
fays Mr. Walp^U^ ^* the mofi fublime of all his 
•* works/* 

This print, however, contains fomewhat more than 
a fatire on Methodifm. Credulity is illuflrated by the 
€gure of the Rabbit-breeder of Godalming^ v^ith her 
fuppofed progeny galloping from under her petti- 
coats* St. Andre's folly furnifhed Hogarth with mat- 
ter for one of his lateft, as well as one of his earlieft 

Prima diSe nuhi^ fummd dicende Camand. 

2. The Times. Plate L In one copy of this print 
Henry VIII. is blowing the flames ; in another Mr. 
Pitt has the fame employment. As this defign is not 
illuflrated in Trti/lers Account of Hogarth^ s Works, 
I fliall attempt its explanation, and fubjoin, by 
way of note, a humourous defcription of it, which 
was printed in a news^paper inuuediately after it's 
firfl appearance in the world *• 


* The principal figure m the chara£ler of Henry VIII. ap- 
pears to be not Mr* P. but auother peribn whole power is 
iignified by bis bulk of carcafe, treading on Mr. F. repreieuced 
by 3000 1. The bellows may fignify his well* meaning, chough 
inefied^ual) endeavours to extinguilh the fire by wiud, which, 

B b 4 though 


[ 37« ] 

Europe on Ore ; France, Germany, Spain, in flame*, 
which are extending to Great Britni/i. This dcfola- 
tioD continued apd afTiAed by Mr. Piii, utidei the 

though it will put out a fiTiflll f1:*ine, will chcHfli a large or 
The gunler of the engine-pipe, I (liould ihitik, 

mean hia M , who uiiwearie<Jly [rics, by a more proper" 

method, lo flop the flames of war, in which he ii adifted by 
all his good fubje^i, both by fea and laod, notwithflanding 
any interruption from AuJiferi or Briteni, Maai'vrs or Nerti 
Brhans. The rcfpef^able body at the bottom can never meari 
the nagiftratei of LenJaM; Mr. H. has more fenfe than to 
abufe £j refpedabie abody; much left can it mean thcjudgei. 
1 ihinlc it may as hkely be the Couri of Seffion in S^etUtd, 
either in the attitade of adoration, or with uutfprcad arm* 
intending to catch their patron, iliauld his flihs give wajr. 
The Frtncbman may verj- well fit at his eafe among hit m'le- 
rable countfyn*omen, as he is not unacmiainicd tjiat Fra»(t 
hat always gained by negotiating what the loft in fighting. 
The fine gentleman ai !b( window with bit gairciieer;, and 
the barrow of periodical papers, refer to ihc prcfeui coDtenf^r 
ing panics of every denomin.icion. The breaking of the 
Xewtiifiit armi alludes lo the refignation of a grear perfonage j 
and the replacing of ibcm, by the lign of the four clenched 
fifti, may be ihought cmblcmaiical of ihe great acpoomy of 
llU fuccclTor. 1 he Ner/eli jig lignifics, in a lively manner, 
the alacrity of ail his Majnty's forces during ibe war; and 
G.T. [Geer^e Te'j.'iijhettd] /ecu, is an opporcune complimcot 
paid to Lord Ttvinjhtad, who, in conjtmftinn with Hr. HlnJ- 
ham, publiflied " A Plan of DUdplme f^r ihe Ufe of iho 
" Ner/elk Miliiia," 410. and had been the grcateCl advocate 
for the eftahlifhment of oUr prefent militia. The pi^nie of 
the Iniiiatt alive Irom ^mrri,/t is a fatire on our Uie uncivj. 
liied beb.tviour to the three chiefs of the Cii^rcl/T naiion, whq 
were lately in this kingdom ; and the bags of money fct ihia 
in a flitl clearer point of view, Signifying the fums gaiucd by 
Ihcwing (hem ai out public gardens- Tbe Hy Duuhman, with 
his pipe, fcems pleafed with the combuliion, from which be 
thinks he fliall be a gsiner. And the Duke of M';i'rTii"'t, un- 
der the figure of i dove, is coming from Franei (o give a ccf- 
fation of huUililies to Eureft. 

cne 1 

C 377 ] 

flg^ of King Henry VIIL wlih bellows increaiing 
the mifchief which others arc driving to abate. He 
is mounted on the ftilts of the populace. A Che/bire 
cheefe depends from his neck, with 3000A on it« 
Thi$ alludes to what he had faid in Parlianient-^that 
he would fooner live on a Cbejbire cheefe and a ihouU 
der of muttODf than fubmit to the enemies of Gma 
Britain. Lord Bute^ attended by Englijb foldiers, 
failorSy and Highlanders, manages an engine for ex- 
tinguiihing the flames, but is impeded by the Duke 
of Newcajiky with a wheel* barrow full of Monitors 
and North Britons^ for the purpofe of feeding the 
blaze. The refpeftable body under Mr. Piii are the 
dldern^'en of London^ worihiping the idol they had fet 
up ; wbilft the muiical King of FruJ/ta^ who alone 
is fure to gain by the war, is amuiing himfelf with a 
violin amongft his miferable countrywomen. The pic- 
ture of the Indian alludes to the advocates for retain* 
ing our IVeft Indian conqueftsi which, it was faid, 
would only increafe excefs and debauchery, llie 
breaking down of the Newcqfile-zrms, and the draw- 
ing up the patriotic ones, refer to the refignation of 
that noble Duke, and the appointment of his fucccf- 
for. The Dutchman fmoking his pipe, and a . Fox^ 
peeping out behind him, and waiting the iffue ; the 
Waggon, with the treafures of the Hermione; the 
unneceflary marching of the Militia^ fignified by the 
Norfolk jig ; the Dove with the olive-branch, and 
the miferies of war; are all obvious, and perhaps 
need no explication! 


C 3?S ] 

To tkofe already given, however, may be addrd 
the following doggrel vcrfcs : 

Devouring flames with fury roll 
Their curling fpires from Pole to Pole, 
Wide-fpreading devaftation dire. 
Three kingdoms ready to expire ; 
Here realms convultivc pant for breath. 
And quiver in the arms of death. 
Ill-fated ille ! Britanma bleeds ; 
The flames her trait'rous offspring feeds : 
Now, now, they feize her vital parts— 
O favc her from his murd'rous arts ! 

In air exalted high, behold ! 
Fierce, noify, boilterous, and bold, 
Swol'n, like the king of frogs, that fed 
On mangled limbs of vidims dead, 
With larger bellows in his hand, 
Than e'er a blackfmith's in the land. 
The flames that wafte the world to blow. 
He points unto the mob below ; 

* Look, BritoHs, what a bonfire there ! 

• Halloo, be d — 'd, and rend the air.' 
Aldermen, martow-bones and cleavers. 
Brokers, ftock-jobbers, and coal-heavers, 
Tcmplarty and knaves of evVy ftation. 
The dregs of Lomion, and the nation ; 

-Contraftors, agents, clerks, and all 

Who Ihare the plunder, great and fmall, ^ L 

Join in the halloo ac his call. } 


C m 1 

Higher they raife the ftilts that bore 
The fliapelcfs idol they adore : 
He, to increafe his weighty had flung 
A Mill-ftonc round his neck, which hung 
With bulk enormous to the ground^ 
And adds thereto Tkne Thoufand Pound; 
That none may dare to fay henceforth^ 
He ^vanted either weight or worth. 
He^ blows, — the flames triumphant rife. 
Devour the earth, and threat the fliies. 
When lo ! in peaceful mien appears. 
In bloom of life, and youthful years, 
George, Prince of Men : a fmile benign 
That goodnefs looks, prognoftic fign 
Of foul etherial, feems to bode, 
A world's deliverer fcnt from God. 
Array'd in Majcfty ferene. 
Like hcav'nly fpirits when they deign. 
In pity to mankind, to come, 
And flop avenging judgement's doom; 
Behold, and blefs ! juft not too late 
T' avert a finking nation's fate. 
He comes, with friendly care to flay 
Thofe flames that made the world their prey. 
Bom to reform and blefs ^he age, 
Fearlefs of FaSIion^s maddening rage. 
Which, with united malice, throngs. 
To reap the harveft of our wrongs. 
He labours to defeat our foes. 
Secure our peace, and eafe our woes. 


C 380 3 

Before him Faffion dare not fhcw 
Her ghaftly face and livid hue. 
But back retires to Temple-Bar, 
Where the fpcftator fees from far 
Many a traitor's head ereft, 
To ihew what traitors muft expedt. 
Upon that barefaced figure look. 
With empty fcuU and All peruke \ 
For man or (tatue it might pafs ; 
Caf<xr would call't a golden afs. 
Behold the vain malicious thing. 
Squirting his poifon at his king. 
And pointing, with infernal art, 
Th* envenomed rancour of his heart. 
Higher in parts and place appears 
His venal race of Garretteers ; 
A ftarving, mercenary tribe. 
That fell, for every bidder's bribe. 
Their fcantling wits to purchafe bread,' 
And always drive the brifkeft trade, 
When Fa3ion founds with loudeft din. 
To bring fome new Pretender in. 
This tribe from their aerial ftation. 
Deluge with fcandal all the nation : 
Below contempt, fccure from Ihamc, 
Sure not to forfeit any fame. 
Indifferent what part to choofe, 
With nothing but their cars to lofc. 
Not Virtue on a throne can be 
From tongues below refentmcnt free. 


C 381 3 


Of human things fuch the diftra&ion^ 
With Liberty we muft have Fadtion. 

But look behind the Temple-gatej 
Near the thick^ clumfy, ftinking ,feat^ 
Where London^s pageant fits in ftate ; 
What wildy ferocious Ihape is there^ 
With raging looks and favage air ? 
Is that the monfier without name. 
Whom human art could never tame^ 
From Indian wilds of late brought o*er^ 
Such as no Briton faw before ? 
I mean the monfter P * ♦ » prefented 
To the late King, who quickly lent it, . 
Among his other beads of prey. 
Safe in a cage With lock and key. 
Some faid he was of Britijb blood. 
Though taken in an Indian wood. 
If he ihould thus at large remain,. 
Without a keeper, cage, or chain. 
Raging and roaming up and down. 
He may fet fire to half the town. 
Has he not robb'd the Bank ?— Behold, 
In either hand, what bags of gold ! 
Monders are dangerous things let loofe : 
Old Cambrian, guard thy manfion-houfe. 

But here, what comes ? A loaded car, 
Stuff'd, and high pil'd, from Temple-Bar. 
The labouring wretches hardly move 
The load that totters frpm above. 


By their wrf faces^ and high ftratm. 
The cart fome lutnpiih weight containf. 

* North Bretons — Gentlemen — come, buy, 

* There *s no man fells fo cheap as I. 

* Of the North Briton juft a fcore, 
' And twenty Monitors or more, 

* For juft one penny— —— 

* North Britons — Monitors — come, buy,^ 

* There 's no man fells fo cheap as I. 

« North Britons I Monitors I be d^M ! 

* Is that the luggage you have cramm'd 

* Into your ftinking cart ? Be gone, 

* Or elfc 111 burn them every one. 

* Good Sir, I'm fure they are not dear, 

* The paper's excellent, I fwcar — 

* You can't have better any where. 

* Come, feel this Iheet, Sir — pleafe to choofe— 

* They're very foft, and fit for ufe. 

* All very good. Sir, take my word — 
^ As cheap as any can afford. 

« The Curate, Sir, Lord ! how he'll foam ! 

* He cannot dine 'till we get home. 

* The Colonel too, altho' he be 

^ So big, fo loud, fo proud, dy'e fee, 
^ Will have his Ihare as well as he.' 

While on a fwelling fack of cheefe 
The frugal Dutchman fits at eafe. 
And fmokes his pipe, and fees with joy 
The flames, that all the world deftroy. 
Keep at a diftance from his bales. 
And iure thereby to raife the fales ; 



C 383 3 

Good 'h/b. Reynard^ wifer (till, 

Difplays you his fuperior ikill : 

Behind the felfifh mifer's back* 

He cuts a hole into the fack^ 

His paunch well crammVl^ he fougly lies. 

And with himfelf the place fupplies ; ^ 

And now and then his head pops out, 

To fee how things go round about ; 

Prepared to run, or Hand the five, 

Jufl as occafion may require. 

But willing in the fack to ftay. 

And cram his belly while he may, 

Regardlefs of the babbling town, ^ 

And every intereft but his own. 

On yonder plain behold a riddle. 
That mighty warrior with his fiddle, . 
With fneering nofe, and brow fo arch, 
A-fcraping out the German march ; 
Bellona leading up the dance. 
With flaming torch, and pointed lance. 
And all the Fwries in her train, - 
Exulting at the martial flrain % 
Pale Famine bringing up the rear. 
To crown with woe the wafteful year. 
There's nought but fcenes of wretchednefs. 
Horror and death, and dire difirefs, 
To mark their footfteps o'er the plains. 
And teach the world what mighty gams 
From German vidlories accrue 
To th' vanquiih*d and the vidtors too. 

7 'The 



[ i»i J 

The fidier, at his eafe redin*d. 

Enjoys the woea of human kind ; 

Purfucs his trade, deftroya by rules. 

And reaps the fpojis of Knaves and Fools. 
* * « * Mu/ta defuni. 

The firft impreffions of this prim may be knowi 
ty the following diftinilion. The fmoke juft over the 
Dove is left white j and the whole of the compofitioo 
has a brilliancy and clesrnefs not to be found in tl 
copies worked off after the plate was retouched. 

J air. told that Hn^arlb did not undertake thltf po- 
liiical print merely ex officio, but through a hope 
the falary of his appointment as Serjeant Painicr 
uoald be increafcd by fuch a fiiow of zeal for 
reigning Miniflry. 

He left behind him a fecond part, on the (iime 
fubjedt ; but hitherto it has been withheld from the 
public. The finiflicd Phtc is in the pofleflion 
Mrs. Hogarth. 

There fccms, however, no rcafon why this dcfi| 
ftould be fuppreffed. The widow of our anift i» 
happily independent of a court ; nor can aught re- 
lative to the politics of the year 1762 be of confe- 
qucnce to any party bow exitVmg. Our Monarch 
alfo, as the patron of arts, would rather encourage 
ihan prevent the publication of a work by //ojar/A, 
even though itfhould recall the difagrecable ideas of 
fiftion triumphant, and a favourite in difgrace. 

3. T. Mordh S. T. P. S.S. A. W. Hogorib Jtliit. 

Jamtt Baftrcfcuif. From a drawing returned to Mn 





me I 



: i» I 

C. 385 ] 

Hogarth. Of this plate there is an admirable copy, 
though it has not yet been extenfively circulated. 

4. Henry Ftddhig, aetatis 48. W Hogarth delin, 
James Bafire fculp. From a drawing with a pen 
made after the death of Mr. Fhlding, " That gtn- 
*• tleman," fays Mr. Murphy, " had often promifed 
" to fit to his friend Hvg,irthy for whofe good quali- 
" tics and excellent genius he always entertained 
*' fo high an eftcem, that he has left us in his wri- 
** tings many beautiful memorials of his affedtion. 
*' Unluckily, however, it fo fell out that no pifture 
*• of him was ever drawn ; but yet, as if it was in- 
•* tended chat fome traces of his countenance Ihould 
" be perpetuated, and that too by the very artiit 
•* whom our author preferred to all others, aftct 
** Mr. Hogarth had long laboured to try if he could 
" bring out any likenefs of him from images ei- 
" ifting in his own fancy, and juft as he was dc- 
*' fpairing of fuccefs, for want of lome rules to go 
** by in the dimenfions and outlines of the face, For- 
*' tune threw the grand defiJcratum in the way, A 
*' lady, with a pair of fcilTars, had cut a profile, 
" which gave the diftances and proportions of his 
" face fufficiently to reftorc his loll ideas of hinl. 
" Glad of an opportunity of pnying his lad tribute 
" to the memory of an author whom he admired, 
*• Mr. Hogarth caught at this outline with plcafure^ 
" and worked, with all the attachment 'of friend- 
*' Ihip, till he finilhed that excellent drawing which 
" ftands at the head of this work, and recalls to 
Cc "all^ 



t 3«« 3 

*' sll, who have feeti the original, a correfponding; 
" iftiage of the man." Notwith (landing this authen- 
tic relation of Mr. Murphy ^ a different account of the 
portrait has been lately given in one of the news- 
papers. Mr. Garritk, it is there faid, dreflcd himfetf 
in a fuit of his old friend's cloaths, and piefented 
himfelf to the painter in the attitude, and with the 
features, of Fielding. Our Rofcius, however, I can 
alTert, interfered no farther in this bufmefs than by 
urging Hegarth to attempt the likenefs, as a neceflary 
adjunct to the edition of Fielding's works. 1 am af- 
fured that our arttll began and finished the head \m 
the prefence of his wife and another lady. He had 
no afllftance but from his own memory, which, w^m 
fuch occafions, was remarkably tenacious '*. ^| 

1763. 9 

I. John Wilkes, Efq. Draws the I'^t, and 
etched in aquafortis by Wm. Hogarth. Price u. It 
was publiflied with the following oblique note. This 
is *' a dired contraft to a print of Simon Lord 

*' LOVAT +." 

Mr. li'ilieSj with his ufual good humour, has been 
heard to obferve, that he is every day growing more 
and more like his portrait by Hogarth. 

In the fecond impreflions of this plate there arc 

• To thi» flwich fo great jufiice was done by the engriver, 
tout Mr. Hogarib declared he did not know h» own drawing 
irom a proot of the ;»late before the ornamecu were added. 
This prof f is now in the coUefticft of Mr.StetveHs. 

t The original drAwing, which ww ihrown by Hegmrth into 
the fire, was fbalchcd on; of ii by Mrs. Lrjuiif and is aoir io 
the pofTefion of Mr. S. Inlands 

[ 387 3 

a few flight variations, fufficient at leaft to Aew rfiaC 
the face of the perfon reprefented had been retouched. 
I haVe bceo told, by a copper-plate printer, that near 
4000 copies of this caricature were worked off on it* 
firft pubfication. Being kept up for two or three 
following nights on the occalion, he has reafon to 
remember it. 

2. The Bruifer C. Churchill *, in the charadcr of a 
Ruffian Hercules, &c. The Ruffian Hercules was thus 
explained, in j4k^_^, 1 763, by an admirer of i/ofiir/i.* 
" The principal figure is a Ruffian Bear (i. c. Mr. 
** Churchill) with a club in his left paw, which he 
•* hugs to his fide, and which is intended to denote 
" his friendihip to Mr, Wilkes : on the notches of the 
** club are wrote, Lyt i, Lye 2, &c. fignifying the 
■• falfities in The North Briton: in his other paw is a 
•' gallon pot of porter, of which (being very hot) he 

* In a ieiter written lo his friend Mr. mUei, dated Aug. j, 
1763, CiurcifV/ fay* s " I take it for granted you have feen 
*' Htgari/i's Pr/w againflmci Waseverany thingfo contemp- 
" tible t I think he ii fairly /(■/» Jt/r — I think not to let him 
*' off in that manner, although I might fafely leave him to 
" your NOTES. He has broke into my pale of private life, 
^ and let t|iat example of illiberality which I wiHied^-of that 
** kind of attack which is ungenerous in the lirll inllance, but 
" jufticc in return. I intend an Elegy on him, fuppofing him 
'* dead ; but • * tells me with a kifi, he will be really dead 
" before it comet out : that I have already killed him, Sea. 
" How fweet is flattery from the woman we We ! and how 
** ivenk ii our boalled ftrength when oppofed to beauty and 
" good fetife with good nature !" — In Mr. OjurchUPi will il 
(he following palTage : " 1 defirc my dear friend, Jr/hn H'llktSy 
" Efq. to colleft and publiOi my Works, with the Remarki 
** and Explanations he his prepared, lad any othert he think* 
•• proper to make." 

C c 1 *• feemt 



C 388 ] 

" fecms going to drink : round his neck is a clergy- 
*' man's band, which is torn, and fecms intended to 
*' denote the bruifer. The other figure is a Pug-dog, 
" which is fuppofed to mean Mr. Hogarth himfelf, 
*' pifling with the grcatcft contempt on the eplftlc 
'* wrote to him by C Churcbill, In the centre is a 
** prifon begging-box, ilanding on a folio, the title 
" of which is. Great George-Street. A liji of the Sub- 
" fcribtrs to the North Briton : underneath is another 
*' book, the title of which is, A New Way to pay Old 
*' Debts, a Comedy^ by Maflinger. All of which al- 
" liide to Mr. Witketi debts, to be defrayed by the 
" fubfcriptions toT/jf North Jiriton." 

The fame defign is thus illuAratcd by a perlba 
who thought fomewhat differently of our artift ; 
*' Theiffd', with the ihattcred band, reprefents the 
*' former firengih and abilities of Mr. Hogarth : 
" the full pot of beer Hkewife ihcws that he was in 
" a land of plenty. The flump of a headlefs tree 
" with the notches, and on them wrote Lye, fignifics 
" Mr. Hogarth's former art, and the many produ<Sions 
** thereof, wherein he has excelled even Nature itfelf, 
" and which of courfe mult be but lies, flattery, and 
** fallacy, the Painter's Prerogative ; and the flump of 
" the tree only being left, fliews that there can be no 
** more fruit expcAed from thence, but that it only 
•* ftands as a record of his former fervices. The 
*' BarcAiirV Dig pifling upon Mr. Churchill't epiftle, 
" alludes to the prefent ftate of Mr. Hogarth ; that 
** he is arrived at fuch an age to be reduced fo lotv. 

[ 389 ] 

'*' IS, from the ftrcngrh of a Bear, to a blind Stiteher'j 
" Dog, not able to diflinguilh, but pifling upon his beft 
** friend ; or, perhaps, giving the public a hint to read 
** that Epiftle, where his cafe Is more fully laid before 
•' them. The next matter to be explained is the fub* 
" fcription-box, and under it is a book faid lo contain 
" a lift of the Subfcrtben to the North Briton, as well as 
** one of a New Way to pay Old Debts. Mr. Hogarth , 
" mentioned The North Briton, to avoid the cenfurel 
" of the rabble in the ftreet, who, he knew, would 
"neither pity nor relieve him; and as Mr. CWc/j/// ' 
** was reputed to be the writer of that paper, 
" would feem to give a colour in their eyes of iti " 
*' being intended againft Mr. Churchill. Mr. Hogarth • 
" meant only to fhcw his neceflityj and that a book, 
" ia!^l\tA A Lift of the Subfiribfrs to //je North Briton, 
*' contained, in faft, a lift of thofe who fhould con- 
" tribute to the fupport of Mr. Hogarth in old age. 
" By the book entitled A New Way to pay Old Debts, J 
** he can only mean this, that when a man is become ' 
" difabled to get his livelihood, and much in debt, 
" the only fhift he has left is, to go a-begging to 
" his creditors. 

*' There are likewife fomc of his old tools in thia 
" print, without any hand to ufe them." 

On the fame occalion were publilhed the following . 
verfcB, " on Mr. Hogarth's laft delicate performance :' 
" What Merit could from native Genius boaft. 

To civilize the age, and pleafe us moft. 

In lading images each fccne to grace. 

And all the foul to gather in the face, 

[ 390 3 

1 fttrti t valiimr to coDocala 
Y»l «U ilir ftnrv fmrl\ lo rrvcal, 
>^'«% lUlvf ihr nlfir\ al our Hc^artFi e 
)lu( i.v, thr OuviUiv'd cmioencc of £uik 
>4tM >UuhUc» Ukc tbc exit cu a fiame, 
Fnm wbwti when mat ^ un&uous jnct s I 
A4tMt)ii(V«faiirTU»ut itsficwi; 
|te ^*«^ «ut Nimr » bk fam ^. 

T 39> ] 

And with honeft derlfion contemn the difpute, 
The Bear would not roar, and the Dog wouldb* 

For they equally both their patrons betray. 
No fenfeof convi^ion their reafons convey ; 
So neither may hope one convert to gain. 
For the Rhime makes me fick, and the Print givci 

me pain *." 
This plate, however, originally contained our xtw 
rift's own portrait (fee p. 295). To fiiew the contempt 
in which he held the »' Poetical Epiftic to Hogarth -f/* 


* In a few days after, the following Advertilement, for 
« faiirical Prlat on Hogartb, wai publiAied : 

Tara, ToMt Tara ! Tara^ Tui, Tara ! 

THIS Day made its appearance at the noted SUMFTER'i 
Folilical Booth, next door to 7?« Braztn Heai, near S^joe-Laae, 
FUtt-firiei^ which began precifely at twelve at noon, a nev 
humourous performance, entitled, The BRUISER TRIUM, 
PHANT; or, The Whole Farce of the Ltietjlir-fieldi PanneJ 
Painter. The pritjcipal parts by Mr. H\tgaTib\ Mr, W\iikts\, 
Mr. C[tureliJir\, Src. &c. &c. Walk in,' Centlpmeo, walk ia\ 
Ho more than 61/. a-picce ! 

t The reader (hall judge for bimfdf of thii ppiftl^g 
•* power to hurt.'' 

** Amongft the fons of men, how few arc known 
Who dare be j lift to merit not their own ! 
Superior vir|iie, and furcrior Icnfe, 
To kqavcs and fools will always give offence i 
Nay, men ot real worth can fcarcely bear. 
So nice is Jealoufy, a rival there. 

Be wicked as thou wilt, do all that's bafe, 
proclaim ihyfelf the monfter of rhy raoe ; 
Lei Vice and Folly thy Black Soul divide, 
Be proud with meannefs, and be n:ean with prid^ t 
Deaf to the voite of Faith and Honour, fall 
fsem £dc to lide, yet be of none at all ; 

(^ 9 4 Spui 

Utoi ■<waiMj>«wftiiptHH'^^ 

C 393 3 

is tbc fame error relative to the Monkey lo the print 
of the Strollers. This kind of evacualion, however. 

A Tingle inflance where, Sr^ laid afide. 
And Juftice taking place of tear and pride, 
Thou with an equal eye didft Genius view. 
And give to Merit wlut was Merit'* due ? 
Gcniits and Merit are a fure offence. 
And ihy foul fickcns at the name of Seofe. 
Is any one io foolifii to fucceed ? 
On tNVY's altar he is doom'd to bleed. 
Hogarth, a guilty pleafure in hit c)-et. 
The place of Executiuner fuppliet, 
See how he glotcs, enjoj-i the facred feaft. 
And prove* himfelf by cruelty a priefl. 

Whilft the weak thy whinis a (lave. 
Would bury all thofe powers which Nature gave. 
Would futFer blank concealment to 
Ttiofc rays, thy Jealoufy could not endure ; 
To feed fhy vanity would rufl unknown, 
And to feciire thy credit blait his own. 
In Hogarth he was fure to find a friend; 
He could not fear, anil therefore might commend. 
But whin his Spirit, rous'd by honeft Shame, 
Shook off that Lethargy, and foar'd to Fame, 
When, with the pride of Man, refolv'd and Arong, 
He fcorn'd rhofe fears which did his Honour wrong, 
And. on himfelf detcrmin'd to rely, 
Brought forth his labours to the public eye. 
No Friend in Thte, could fuch a Rebel know; 
He had defcrt, and Hogakth was his foe. 
Souls of a limoroui cad, of petty R,ime 
In Envy's court, not yet tjitite dead to fliamc. 
May fonie Ueniorfe, fome (jualms of Confciencc feel, 
And fufler Honour to abate their Zeal : 
But the Man, truly and cotnpleaily great, 
Allows no rule of aftion but his hate j 
Through every bar he bravely breaks his way, 
Faflion his Principle, and Parti h:s prey. 
Mediums in Vice and Virtue fpeak a mind 
Within the pale of Temperance conGi^'d ; 

C 39S 1 

BfUmSf and a begging-box to colled fubfcrlpHocf 

for them. Di/igned and en^avtd by {Vmiiogarlh. 


When Libbstt, all trembling and «ghall, 
Fear'd for the future, knowing what was pallj 
When every breaft was chill'd uilh deep defpair. 
Till Reafon pointed out ihat l^a att was there j 
Lurking, moft Ruiiian-like, behind a fcreca. 
So plac'd all things to fee, hinifelf unfecn. 
Virtue, wiih due contempt, faw Hogaktu Hand, 
The murderous pencil in his palfied hand. 
What was the caufe of Liberty to him, 
Or what was Honour ? Let (hem fmk or fwioi} 
So he may grality, without cootroul, 
The mean refcDtroents of hit fclfifli foul. 
Let Freedom perifti, if, to Freedom true, 
Jn the fame ruin Wilkes may pcrifli too. 
With all the fymptoma of affur'd decay, 
With age and ficknefs pinch'd, and worn away, 
Fale quivering lips, lankchtcka, and faultering tongiie, 
Thefpirita out of tune, the nerves unlirung, 
The body fhrivt-rd up, the dim eyes funk 
Within iheir fockets deep, the weak hami flirunk 
The Ifody's weight unable to fuflaui, 
Thcflreamof lifcfcatce trembling through the vein. 
More than batf-kill'd by honeA truths, nhich fell, 
Through ihy own fault, from men who wilh'd thee well ; 
Canll thou, e'en thus, thy thoughts to vengeance givc^ 
And, dead to all things elfe, toMallce live } 
Hence, Dotard, to thy clofet, (hut thee in, 
By deep repentance wafli away tliy fin, 
From liaunis of men to fliame and forrow fly, 
^nd, on the verge of death, learn how to die. 

Vain exhonation ! wafli the Eihiop white, 
Pifcharge the leopaid'i fpots, turn day to nighti 
Contioul the courfe of Nature, bid the deep 
Hufh at thy Pygmy voice her waves to llcep. 
Perform things pafling ftrange, yet own thy art- 
Too weak to work a change in luch a heart. 
^Thu Envy, which was woven in thy frame 
^\ $rn, wiU to ihf UH fcmain the fame. 



r 3P« 3 

tq^jm loiiUB nil tttr Club 01 n^ed SaiS {viz. 1. 3. ; 

C 397 3 

arc left white. In the fecond Lmpreffion they are 
completely ftiaded ; the ruffle on the hand that clafps 


Thy eager hand the curtain then undrew. 
And broughl the boafted Mallcr-piece to view. 
Spare t by remarks — fay noi a (ingle word— 
The Piflure feen, why is ihe Painter heard f 
Call not up Shame and Anger in our cheeks : 
Wi[hoiit a Comment Sicumunda fpeaks. 

Poor SiGtsMONDA ! what a Fate is thine '. 
Dryden, the great High-Prieft of all the Nine, 
Rcviv'd thy name, gave what a Mufe could give, 
And in hia Numbers bade thy Memorj- live; 
Gave thee tbofe fofi fenfations, which might move 
And warm the coldeil Anchorite to Love ; 
Gave thee that Virtue, which could curb delire. 
Refine and cocfecrate Love's headftrong fire ; 
Gave thee thofe griefa, which made the Stoic fecif 
And call'd compatrion forth from hearts of Ace) ; 
Gave thee that firmncfs, which our Sex may fliatne. 
And make Man bow tu Woman's juCler claim. 
So chat our tears, which from compaffion flow, 
Seem to debafe thy dignity of woe ! 
But O, how much unlike ! how fall'n ! how chang'd t 
How much from Nature and herfelf eflrang'd ! 
How totally depriv'd of ail the powers 
To fhew her feelings, and awaken ours, 
Doih SicisMUSDA DOW devoted Hand, 
The helplefs vidim of a Dauber's hand [ 

But why, my Hogartu, fuch a progtefs made, 
So rare a Pattern for the fign-poft trade, 
In the full force and whirlwind of thy pride, 
Why waK Heroic Painting laid afide ? 
Why is It not refiim'd ? Thy Friends at Court, 
Men all in place and power, crave thy fupport ; 
Be grateful then for once, and, through the field 
Of Politics, thy Efi( Pencil wield ; 
Maintain the caufe, which they, good lack ! avow, 
And would maintain too, but they know not how. 

Through cv'ry Pan':el let thy Virtue tell 
How Bi;Tfi prevail'd, how Pitt and Temple fell! 



[ S9« 1 

|>n>|Hiw^wi«Nfr»w( i< Aiy 11111 % ii ^H ttMA 

Ai r"" * ol*^ *>^ n il * iii a ii W i ■■ na. 

f^mt fli'ti tJw^ kwi^ •• fcw Ac Svamwi 

V^MIi) Aw wiPH wwn( ,}lMta^ ftmA nc wnl 


^OMtA 40, -qnt* T gwi l i. I I— «i SMMHsAq^ J 


C 399 ] 
fierences occur in the other knots, &c. The lofcrip- 
' t\oa, inflead of Ru£ian, reads Modem Heicules. 

3- The 

Tn walks of Humour, in that catt of Style, 
Which, probing to the quick, yet makes u> fmilc j 
In Comedy, his nat'ral road to fame. 
Nor lei me call it by a meaner name, 
Where a beginning, middle, and an end, 
Are apilyjoin'd ; where parts on pans depend^ 
Each made for each, as bodies for their foul. 
So as to form one true and perfect whole. 
Where a plain Story to the eye is told, 7 

Which we conceive the n-oment we behold, 
Hogarth unrlval'd Hands, and (ball engage 
Unrival'd praife to the mofl diftant age. 1 

How could'ft Thou then to Qiame peiverfely run. 
And iread that path which Mai\ire bade Thee Huiai 
Why did Ambition overleap her rules, . 

And thy vail parts become the Sport of Fools t 
By dilfereiit methods different Men excell. 
But where is He who can do all things well i 
Humour thy Province, for fomc monfirous crime 
Pride flruck Thee with the frenzy oi SMme. 
But, when the work was tinilh'd, could thy mind 
So partial be, and to taerielf fo blind. 
What with Contempt All view'd, to view with awe. 
Nor fee ihofe faults which every Blockhead faw i 
Blufli, Thou vain Man, and if defirc of Fame, 
Founded on real Art, ihy thought* inflame, 
To quick delliuaion SioisMUcnA give. 
And let her memory die, that thine may live. 

But (hould fond Candour, for her Mercy's fake. 
With pity view, and pardon this miftake ; 
Or fhould Oblivion, to thy with inoA kind, 
Wipe off that fiain, nor leave one trace behind; 
Of Arts ik/jiU^d, oi Artists by thy frown 
AvS'dfromjuJi bopts., of rifin^ ijiorlb kept dovim^ 
Of all thy meannefs ihrotigh this mortal race, 
Canft Thou the living memory erafe ? 
Or fliall not Vengeance follow tn the grave. 
And give back jtiA thai mufore which You gare ^ 


0Bac ^ssnoHt DH gk ffci fell 

0P IMMm IS -Mi H WII^g I&tf^ ^V JVC TOii^ 

X dw fttf iVUilSt witn tcow bufjM Tot rap^ 
But witfa Mnt^aiTofmw Uijr Age; 

to dMoc'd. &• laft. I e 

K cattxSba, 
■,Ufbm tnae ot^ tifc. 
To Unodi drdb lato the Sea at Stnic ' 
Bcdcr /m Thee. l£3fce craw l ing m rbc eanlt. 
AlaeA as much a child a» at ilqrtanti, 
Ta faMV nefigR'd ia piirp tfa^ parttBg hicuh^ 
AnrffaiA tMBMk'd uiifas amm oi Death. 
wky'-wsttH ilijr ITT* Eff hain, icKUiacat EsMi 
Tbw to fp <iawa wnh (arrtMr co the gnve ? 
tfom, tif mf Soal, it ntlEanK Uu^ ro know 
4 lo I dcJi J toe 

c to p»e the ftioite. 
Son '!« «. conic which iRtry Fun iiapajc* 
Tb fentfy ann'( uropace, iku thuw, 
Wba^rc fifcnn'd o< Imbc better {on ot' dijr, 
tbn Uk amao^ hnd decay. 

r 401 ] 

Itepreffions of the plate thus altered *, we find itft 
letters N B added on the club, as well ai the epithet 
infamous prefixed to the word Fallacy. The ihadowg 
on the political print are likewil'e changed, and 
deepened ; and the words " Dragon of WanlUj" are 
added at the end of " I warrant ye." 

4. .Print of the Weighing-houfe to '* Clubbe't J 
*' Phyfiognomy j" a humourous pamphlet in quarto^ | 
publiftied in 1763, by Mr. C/hWc -f- (editor of thi, 
Hiftory and Antiquities of Whtaljidd in Si^olk), aiu 

What biitrr pangs muf! humbled Genide f>:el ! 
In their laft hours, 10 view a ft and Steele ! 
How much ill-boding horrors fill her breall 
When She beholds Men^ mark'd abuvc the reft 
For qualities moil dear, pliing'd from ihat height, 
And funk, deep funk, in fecond Childhood's night ! 
Are Men, indeed, fuch things, nnJ ^rc ilic belt 
More fiibjed to rhis evil than the red:, 
'To drivel out whole years of Ideot Breath, 
And fit the Monurtienis of living Death ? 
O, galling circumflancc to hniniin pride \ 
Abafing Thought, but not to be denied ! 
With curious Art ihe Brain, too finely wrought. 
Preys on herfelf, and is dellroy'd by Thought. 
Conftant Attehiioii wears the aft ire mind, 
Blots out her powers, and leaves a blank behtndi 
But let not Youth, to iafolence allied. 
In heat of blood, in ftiU career of pride, 
Poflefs'd of GENins, with unhallow'd rage, 

■ - =re,tl ,gc, 

s Fate may bow, 

ic, may be like Hocarth now." 

price [f,( the fecoDd price 1 i. 6 J, 
my Grfl edition, that Mr. Cluhbt was dfowneil 
t ihit furrounded his hoiife at ti^jigijtiid ; but rea* 
dily retr^A that atTerlion, having been fince infarmcd, that bt 
died a natural death, of old age and ia£rmities, 

D d 

Mock the i' 
The greateft Genu 
REYKotDs, ini: 
• The firK w 
t I had faid i> 


C 4« 3 

AA^ It '**■> nicm-irr prbiTcd io i colleSioi] of dup 
iggllMH ,'Wfrtn, publiihrd u hFuiich, £ vols, iznio. 
Wt #•»» «*trh k IK"*' pngnving erf the plite. Thar 
h tAit' » Thiri eiijTiring of iht femr dcfign, pou 

[ 403 ] 

liis Ii^t a ruinous tower, and many other allegorical 
devices ; among the reft, he has btroduced his owa 

2. The Bench +. The fame defcribcd under the 
year 1758; but with additions. The plate thus 

• A few months before this ingenious artift was feizcd 
with the malady which deprived fociety of one of its greatett 
bmaments, he propofird lo his itintchlefs pencil the work he 
has intituled a tail-pine { the firll idea of which is faid to have 
bccD Aarted in company, while the convivial glals was circu- 
lating round his own table. " My next undertaking," fay« 
Hogarth, " fliall be the EnJ of aU Thingt.'* " If that is the 
" cafe," replied one of his friends, " your hufimfs will Be fi- 
" nijhid ; for there will be tm tnd of the fainter." " There 
" ■viillio" anfwered Htgartb, lighing heavily ; " and, there-. 
" fore, the fooner my luerk is done, the bttter." Accordingly^ 
he began the next day, and continued his dcfign with a dili- 
gence which feemed to iadicate an apprehenlion (as the report 
goes) thai he (hoiitd not lire till he had completed it. This^ 
however, he did in the mod ingenious manner, by grouping 
every thing which could denote the cnrf ef all tliiagi — a brokea 
bottle — an old broom worn to the Hump — the butt-end of an 
old mulket — a cracked bell — bow unfirung — a crown tumbled 
in pieces — towers in ruins — X.)\a Jign-pefi of a tavern, called Tht 
WorWt End, tumbling — the moon in her wane — the map of 
the globe burning — a gibbet filing, the body gone, and the 
chain which held it dropping down — Phahvi and hii horfcs 
dead in the clouds — a veflel wrecked — Time, wiih his hour- 
glafs and fcythe broken ; a tobacco-pipe in his mouth, the laft 
whiff of fmoke going out— a play-book opened, with Exeunt 
«mnti Aamped in the coroer— an empty purfe-— and a ilatuteof 
bankruptcy taken out againll Nature. — '' So far, fo good," 
cried Hogarth; " nothing remains but this,"— taking ht* 
pencil in a fort of prophetic fury, and dalhing off the fimili* 
tude of a painter's pallet broken — " Finij," exclaimed Hogarth, 
" the dttd Is done — all is over." — It is remarkable, that he died 
ID about a moath after thii tail-pieCe, It is alfo well known 
he never again took the pencil in hand. 

t A tern) peculiarly appropriated to the Court of Caitaum 

D d 1 tariedi 


'*^¥!*>^^ an^ iMtt ipRE 



I 4pS i 

more abfolute burlefque of this noble fubjefl.'tha^ 
Hogarth, who went ferioufly to work on ir, has here 
produced. •' I-k>w art thou fallen, O Lucifer, thou 
" fon of th« Morning!" will be the exclamation of 
every obferver, on feeing this unaccountable per- 
formance, in which Satan and Death have loft their 
terrors, and Sin herfelf is divefted of all the powers 
of temptation. 

I. The Good Samaritan ; by Ravsnet and Delatre, 
In The Grub- Street Journal for July 14, 17^7, ap- 
peared the following paragraph : Yefterday the fcaf- 
" folding was taken down from before the piftare 
*' of The Good Samaritan *, painted by Mr. Hog,trtl\ 
" on the St;uf Cafe in St. Barlholomezv's Hofpital, 
*' which is efleemed a very curious piece." Hogarib 
paid his friend Lanihrt for painting the landfcape in 
this picture, and afterwards cleaned the whole at his 
own expencc. To the imaginary merits of his coad- 
jutor, the Analyfis, p. 16, bears the following telli- 
mony ; " The Iky always gradates one way or other, 
'• and the rifing or fctting fun exhibits it in great 
" perfcftion; the- imitating of which was Claud de 
*' Lorain i peculiar excellence, and is now Mr. Lam' 
" berCs." 

2. The Pool of Sethefda; large, by Ravenet and 
PiLOt. A fmall one, by Raveint, has been mentioned 
under 1 748. Both very indifferent, Mr. fValpoU 
juftly obferves, that " the burlefquc turn of our 


• of [hit piaurc Mr. 5. h-rlaiiil b^l t 


C 407 ] 


li The Politician [Mr. Tii/on, lately a laceman in } 
The Sirand], from a Iketch in oil, by Hogarib, 
Etched by J. K. Sherwin. PubUflied 05. 3 1 , 1 77 J. 

1. Portrait of Solfull*, a maker of punches for 
engravers. IV- Hogarth del, S. J- fecit aqua fort, 
Mr. S. Ireland has the original Jketch. This portrait 
is mentioned by Mr. Wa!pole under the title of " Two 
**fmoll heads of men in frojile in one plate, etched by 
** Mr. Ireland, from a Jketch in his Dtvn coUe^ion." 

2. Thomas Pellet, M. D. Prefident of the College 
of Phyficians. R'. Hogarth pinxit. C. Hail fiulpjit. 

3. WtUiam Bullock the Comedian, U^. Hogarth 
pinxit. C. Hall fculpftl. It is by no means certain 
that thefe two laft portraits were painted by Hogarth, 

4. North and South of Great Britain, W. Hogarth 
delin, F. B. [i. e. Framit Bartolozzi'] fculp. This 
little print reprefents a Scotchman fcrubbing againft a 
fign-poft; no fign on it; with Edenborougb callle in 
the back ground : — and an Englifhman rcpofing on a 
poft, with a pot of London porter in his hand ; the 
fign of an Ox, with roajl and hild, by way of in- 
fcription, over bis head ; and a view of St. Paul's at 
a diftance. I do not believe it was defigned by our 
artill, whofe fatire was ufually of a more exalted 
kind : ncitucr are the figures at all in his manner. 

A ftetch imputed to Hogarth, and engraved by 

• This was etched a fecond time, 

dentally loft hu fifft plau. 


, Inland having acci-* 



- [ «* 1 


tempaaan nob i^ j» k ocoes wob t&e wfcs i 
tank mn^f, wbbcb 3R ffi"T^ ise dbckbc o 

9o ms OB csBEicm ibb a^^ m sfiex ^f 
faio ; hoc jety bcaig Sanrrijim ^c 
IP faiifioe fisiikBde as cn^c^ 

EmSt mmtt, mu Jmt efi$ fim. 
MW tkttmtK M t&c Ml yc i tw fimi ■&• 

mmt a( SmJtf wmexed n m. The hiSmj mi 

fifcr liM sc firft iftiirt cfac ife farcft, tram wtack 
grTfwgffrTt ffrf fiT^f iTin^ wm BOtihe powhrfifc wc 
fwgwlv* Be^lNwiiUjOa his o«iijoi^geiDeBi^pn>- 
liBwK u IB juBini mK coDttscy f Do^c at Icsft CUBWIBUK 
that, (taring the lace nge Ibr colkdsig the mkka 
of am anift, ao oune was 6> ]ikdj u Em CD^mr 
in pvreluim. Having difpo&d of as ntaBy copiei 
•9 be coold in confrqacoce of hanging out fuch hhk 
colaiin, be now &n £ul agpoa Doder cbofe of S aatfy, 
«nd woald probablf nuke s third range with Mr. 
Bmttarj't fttg at lus niafl head, were mx aor fccood 
Hfgartb » hand, to dcted the impoflure, — The prtca 
of this etching, origiiiali^ 2 i. 61/. is now fold ac 1 r. 
thoi^ the proprietor has incurred tbe ficlh expence 
of decoratifig it io tipm tijua. Shoold ic bi 
wBid fnk to meet with bojrcn, 1 Sail doc be itad^ 
W cxchura, with OvU, 


C 4^9 3 

Fkham fuccejfu poffi carere dole. 
The three Uft publilhed by John Thjtie, Rupert* 
Jlreet, Haymarket. 

5. Firfi: ikccch of arms for The Foundling Hcfpital. 
Wm. Hogarth inv. 1 747. Over the Crcft and Suppor- 
ters is writtten — A Lamb — Nature — Briiannia. In 
the fliield is a naked Infant : the Motto Help. 

This is an accurate fac fimile from a drawing with, 
B. pen and ink by Hogarth. Publiflied as the Aft 
dlredls 7«^ 31, 1781, by R. Live/ay , at Mrs. Ho. 
garlh's, L'icejhr Fields. The original is in the col- 
Jeftion of the Earl of Exeter, 

6. Two Figures, &c. Hogarth inv. F. B. [i. e, 
Francis Bcirtoloz2i]/ailp. Thefe figures were defigned 
for Lord Melccmhe and Lord PFinchelfea. From a 
drawing with a pen and ink by Hogarth. PubtiJhed 
as the Aft direds, 31 Juiy, 1781, by Jl. Lhs/ay at 
'i^lts. Hogarth's, Leiccjier-fields. I am informed, how- 
ever, that this drawing was certainly the work of 
Lord Townjhend. The original is in the coUedtion of . 
the Earl of Exeter. 

7. A mezzotinto portrait of Hagarth with his hat 
on, in a large oval, " from an original begun by 
** Wheltdon, and Bnilhed by htmfelf, late in the poflcf- 
" fion of the Rev. Mr. Townley. Charles Ta-j/nUy fic." 
The family of Hogarth afTcdt to know nothing of thia 
painting ; and fay, if there is fuch a thing, it was 
pnly flightly touched over by him. It muft be con- 
feflcd that it bears little, if any, refeniblance to the 
feprefentations of our artill edited by hinifeif. The 



be okiag^ ^^ 

[ 4«o 3 

an^atl ■00* m die podcffioa of Bfr. JaMrf 
n has beeo mentioacd io p. 98. 

I. The StaymafcR'. 

s. Debates od Palmiftrr. 

The biioour m the firfi of the two 1 
priacs b Dot TCty firocg, and in the (ccond it is 
intelligible The Male Staymaier feems to t 
profeffional liberties with a female in the Tery r 
where her hiHfoeuid 6ts, who ts pUyiog with one of 
his children prdented to him hj a nurfc, pcrfasps 
with a view to call off his attention from what a gc»- 
iog forward. The hag fbcws her pretended kire Cof 
the bfant, by kifEng its pofteriors. A maid femnt 
holds a lookiog-glafs for the lady, and peeps ^nifi> 
caotly at the operator from behind it* A boy with a 
cockade on, aod a little fword by his fide, appears 
to ob&rve the familiarities already mcctiooed, and is 
ftrutti:^ up fiercely towards the Staymaker, whik 4 
girl b fpilling fofne liquor io hb hat. 

The figures employed in the lludy of Pthmjby 
tcaa to be defigned for Phyficians and Sai^eoos af 
yn Hofpital, who are debating on the oioll commo- 
dious method of receiving a fee, unanenure to the 
complaims of a lame female who (oUfrts affiilancc, 
A fpectre, refetabliDg the Riral Dantf oacnes out be- 
hind, perhaps to intimate that pbyfich |nd poilbn 
will occafionatly produce fimilar effeds. A eUif 
cafe, contiiiiiiog Skeletons, ii open ; a crocodik hai^ 
«verhc3d ; and an oivl, emblematic of thb £ipieat 
6 CQoitttqri^l 

[ 4" ] 

coufiftory, ts perched on an high (land. I fufpeft 
thefe two to have been difcarded fketches — the firft 
of them too barren in its fubjefl: to delerve finiihing, 
and the fecond a repented effort of hafty Ipleen 
againft the officers of St. Bartbohmew's^ who mighc 
not have treated fome recommendation of a patient 
from our artift with all the rcfpeft and attention to 
which he thought it was entitled. But this is mere 1 
{uppolition. 9 

3. Portrait of Henry Fox Lord Holland. 1 

4. Portrait of "James Cauljield Earl of CharUmont. 
The above four articles are ail etched by S. Haynis, 

pupil to the late Mr. Mortimer, from original draw- 
ings in the pofleffioaof Mr. S. Ireland. 

The fix prints which follow, were published by 
fubfcription by Mrs. Hogarth in April \ 7S2 ; of thefc 
No. 5. was engraved by Bartolozzi, and the reft by 
R, Livefiiy, 

5. The Shrimp Girl, a head, from ari original 
iketch in oil, in the poflcffion of Mrs. Hogarth. 

This plate, which is executed in the dotted manner 
fo much at prefent in fafliion, ihould have been etched 
or engraved like thofe excellent performances by 
Bcurluzzi after the drawings oi Guercino. Spirit, 
rather than delicacy, is the charaifterifticof our artift's 
Shrimp Girl. 

6. 7. Portraits of Gabriel Hunt and Benjamin Read, in 
a^ua-tinta, from the original drawings in the poITeffion 
of the late Mr. Vorrefi. The drawing of Mr. Hunt was 
taken in 1733, a period when, from the number of 



t t" 3 

, k was ufual to go armed. 
k in fnie od his butroD-hoks, 

ODC D^lii to the club ftf ccT bsrtng lakco a longjoaniey, 
be tcU tttkcj' there .£2ag0r7i- bad got od bk togoe- 
. Apt^ sad WIS aboui: id tesre ihe room ; but, I 
• J|ptt the iJ7oUrr\' of bis trimd s appearance, he c 
''Hcivcis-1 Khaimcbaniaei!''and,c 
^ pen and ink, mik the disiniig immediai 
«.itboiic fcm^ dMOk. 

To be Tccfwded ottlt as vanuis of ihr haalc a 
poiG, is so vd^ Amsii^ mad: of di&iosins m^ 
lUUwiiiafc cf Mir ainfis ctafa. Then k ioBi 
ooner OTcnar Ttt ^ Tensile of Fame 

t* 'nnw Jibacs ima dir A^^inal farches 
JB^SH^^fln^ptc^ tnr ihc c|HDijd) and vransmz 4x 
t S^iivw Hit ^savm^ as ^ j w y e n^ of 

i ftw^u 5Miir VK a fianoaB hear:, wiu> died i»- 
** vanie « fianp- afe -Ana 

*'C^' ■■ , fine 4 

** ^f 14. >mcc that ic k 

[ 413 1 

" never cng3ged Brougbton more. He is a ftrong 
" able boxer, who, with a /kill extraordinary, aided 
" by his knowledge of the fmall and back fwords, 
** and a remarkable judgement in the crofs-bultock 
" fall, may conteft with any. But, plcafe or dif- 
" pleafe, I am rcfolved to be ingenuous in my cha- 
" rafters. Therefore I am of opinion, that he is not 
" overftocked /with that neceflary ingredient of a 
" boxer, called a bottom ; and am apt to fulpcft that 
*' blows of equal ftrcngth wich his too much affe 
" him and difconcert his conduS." Godfrey on 
Science of Defence J p. 6i. 

On Tayhr^i tombftone in Deptford chnrch-yard ii 
the following epitaph : 

Farewell ye honours of my brow ! 

Viftorious wreaths farewell I 
One trip from Death has laid me low. 

By whom fuch numbers fell. 
Yet bravely I'll difpute the prize. 

Nor yield, though out of breath : 
*Tis but a fall— I yet fhall rife. 
And conquer — even Death. 
The idea, however, is all that can merit praife in 
thefe rough outlines by Hogarth, Some graver cri- 
tics, indeed, may think our artift has treated the 
moft folemn of all events with too great a degree of 

9. Nine prints of Hogarth's Tour from drawings 
by Hogarth, he, accompanied with nine pages of let- 
ter prefs. The frontifplece of this work (Mr. Some- 



e »di i> iIk na-iacce (Mi. Oiti,) of die 
(WluawlCU WKiirc wim tbc firm ; ne wboie cm^^ 

wriKiarics^ •SoMcfcvcaiKsofdcDiV.'&ya 
Ht.r<^<, -vcRprinol WlkKdaAaAc 

•> At lim iM Eiav oteDkn if I 

<• Mi. SiMt, aa4 iknc af Anr ina&, m < 

TWIiwr— HiiiHullMi 

faK «)fc <l« gidMaad Ir I 

Ite taaot awilKpraMKBiaf At a 

t« i?i iii i M t » j i t Aa tm i ■ ■ ■ ■iii*fc 

t 4T5 ] 

/ readers will anticipate me when I obferve 
univerfe contains no place in which Hogarth had fo 
little interell as in the Cyprian ifle, where Venus was at- 
tended by the Graces. Hogarth's original iketch, 
which he delivered to Mr. Cation the coach-painter 
for the purpofe of having it transferred on ha carriage, 
is now in the pofleffion of Mr. Livs/ay. 

11. The card of invitation mentioned in p. 63. 
is introduced in the title-page of the prcfent pub- 
lication. It is engraved by J. Cary, a young artlft, 
whofe abilities, more patticularly in the line of map- 
engraving, will foon raife him into notice. 

12. An Old Man's Head with a band. In the 
dotted ftile. Published by Uvefay, 

1. Orator f/^M/^. Chriftening a Child. Etched 
by Sam' Ireland from an original (ketch in oil — in 
his pofleffion — by Hogarth. — To Francis Grofe, 
Efq; F. A.S. an encourager and promoter of the 
ans, this etching, from his favourite Hogarth, la. 
infcribed by his obliged friend and fervant, 

Sam"- IrelanIi. 

2. A Landfcapc. Etch'd by Sam' Ireland, from 
an original pifture in his polTeflion, faid to be 
the only landfcape ever painted by Hogarth. — ' 
To the Right Honourable the Earl of Exeter, 
an admirer of Hogarth, and encourager of the arts, 
this etching is infcribed by his Lordfhip's moft 
obliged and obedient fervant. S. Irelanb. 

■^hc very confiderable degree of fkill and fidelity, 
^ifplayed ia the execution of thefe two platesj enri«, 





t 4r< ] 
ties Ae goNleinan who etched then to rite H 
tbaoks of every coWe&or of the works of Hogarlb, — 
Iflj^ a hope be added, thac he will favour us araih 
jet other uopublilbcd de%m of the fame mafler i 

PaiNTS ff/ lauirtaa Date. 

Before Mr. fr<.^/(V nmmeration of the foUowti^ 
flwp'bills, coats of arms, &c. made its appeaiance, 
perhaps few of ibem were IcBOwn to our colle&m. 
Coaccrning the gcnuir.encfs of ibme of tbefe unim- 
portant engravings, r.o doubt can be entertained j 
but whence is ii inferred that all of ihcm were his 
produdions ? Do we receive thecn merely on the 
faith of Mr. ?»nd f or are they imputed to our artift 
fw any other rcafon, or on the ftrength of any other 
teiltmotij' } i am a0ured, by a gentleman who pof- 
fcHcs the chief of them, and is well acquainted with 
Htgariy'i manner, that from mere external evidence 
fcvcral of tbcfc could not have been authenticated. 

It is natural, however, to fuppofe that moft of 
tbcm (if Hegarlb'j) v/eve the fruits of his apprcn- 
liceftiip *. Ai fuch, therefore, they fliouJd be p] 
at the beginning of every collcduon. 

• Let ii be remembered likewife, ihat bemg bound appren- 
ticc to llic bugle branch of engraving arms and cyphers, ihe 
najarirj' of hi* worki, whether on bafe meial or filrer, mntl 
lia\e bei'ii long fince melted donn. During ihe minority of 
Haga'ib, (he formi in nhich pUic wai made, coitid coninbuie 
little 10 iti chsnic of pfelervation. Pot-bellied lanliirdi, amJ 
fnlvcri Icalloped like old-falbi&Dcd minced-pict, were tli« 
bjgbcii cSuri* of that pehuil. 

li I*^ple in a fiiop under' tfie kthjg*s arms : Mi^f 
^nd Ann Hogarth. ^* Aflyop-blW* for Iris two fiftcfsi 
\\o for many yiears kept a linien-draper^s^ or rather 
vhat is tallied a ilop-fbop. 

Mary and jlm Hogahb. 
from the Old Frock-fliop near the corner of TBi 
Long Walk^ facing The Clcyfters^ Removed to y* 
Kings Arms joyning to y® Little Britain-gate^ near 
LQng Walkp Selii y* beft and mod Falhionable 
Ready Made Frocks, futes of Fuftian, Ticken and 
Hbllatid^ ftript Dimmity and FlaBel Waftcoats, blue 
and canvas Frocks, and bluecoat Boys Dra*^'. 

Likewife Fuflians, Tickens, Hollands, white ftript 
Diinitys, white and ftript Flanels in y^ piece. 
By ^holefale or Retale, at Reafonabk Rates. 

2. His own cypher, with his name under it at 
length ; ^' a plate be ufed for bis books J* I have rea- 
ibn to think it was neither defigned nor engraved by 

3. A Turk's head. «* Afltop bill,'' for John Barker, 
]goldfmith, at the Morocco Ambaflador's head in Loni* 
bdrd'Ssteet, — A copy of this has been niade. 

4« A (hop-bill, with emblems of Trade* Grand 
Duke of Tufcany's arms at the top ; thofe of Florence 
within the plate. At the four corners, views of Nap- 
pies, Venice, Genoa, and Leghorne. 

At Mrs. Holfsy 

Italian Warehdufe, 

at the two Olive Pofts in y« Broad part of fhe 

Strand almofl oppofite to Exetir Change are fold all 

Sorts of Zr^i/rVm Silks, as Luftrings, Sattins, Padefbii^ 

E e Velvets, 

at the GcUen-Jtigel in Cran^ 
iourn - Street ^ Letce/ler • Fields. 
Makes Buys and Sells all Sorts 
of Plate, Rings and Jewels 

[418 3 

Velvets, Damaiksy &c« Fans, Legorae Hats^ Fkmm, 
Lute and Violin Strings, JBooks of Effiinces, Veniop 
Treacle, Balfomes, &ۥ And in a Back WareBode 
all Sorts of Ualian Wines, Florence Cordials, Ojrl, 
Olives, Anchovies, Capers, Vermicelli, Bologtiia Sau- 
fidges, Parmefan Cheefes, Naple Soap, &c. 

5 . A large angel, holding a palm in his left hani 
" AJhap-biW for 

ElUs Gamhk Ellis GeuM 

a PEnfeigne de PAngc dt)r 
dans CroMt^arM'^rHii Ld* 
cffier-Fields. Fait, Aieheie,. 
& vend toute9.ibctetd'Ac|BD- 
terie, Bagues & Bgonxsi te. 

6. A fmaller angel. This is a contraded copf 
from the preceding, was another ihop-bill ibr our 
Artift's Mailer, and has the fame infcription as dut 
already given, 

7. Another fmall angel " almoft the fame as the 
*^ preceding,'* in the colle&ion of Mr. ff^alpok. 

8. A large oval coat of arms, with terms of the 
four feafons. 

9. A coat of arms, with two flaves and tropbks. 
Plate for books. 

ID. Another coat of arms, and two boys as tenns* 

1 1. A foreign coat of arms ; fupporters a lavage 
and an angeh Ditto* 

12. Lord Aylmer's coat of arms. 

13. Two ditto of the Duchefs of Kendal; one of 
them, an impreffion from a filver tea-table. 

14. The Earl of Radnor^ $ arms, froni a (ilver cup 
and cover. 

15, A 

[ 419 3 

.ij^ A grifon, with aflag. Acreft. 

16. Mnervdy fitting and holdiilg the arms of 
tbUand, four Cupids round her. " Done for the books 
^ ijjf John Holland, herald-painter** 

Of this there are two plates. The Fleurs de Lys 
iQ. the one are more numerous and crowded than in 
the otheri 

17. A ticket for a burial. 

For the fame purpofe our drtift'^ contemporary 
Q^</ likewife engraved a plate, which is dill in ufe, 

i8. Two fmall for Milton. W. Hogarth inv. i^fculp. 
,. It is fo. fingular, ' that only plates referring to the 
Bf0: and third books of Par adife LoJ Ihould be dif- 
Dovcred with our artift's name fubfcribed to them^ 
that I almoft fufpedt th^y were not executed for any 
Edition of that work, but rather for fome oratorio 
at operatical performance founded thereon, though 
neither performed nor printed. An example of two 
prints by Hogarth to a fingle dramatic piece, we have 
already met with in Perfeus and Andromeda. 

If the firft of the prefent defigns was made for the 
firft book of Paradife Lofiy one might almoft fwear 
that Hogarth had never read it, or he could not have 
fallen into the ftrange abfurdijies and incoherences 
that his engraving difplays. We have on one fide a 
Daemon exalted in a kind of pulpit, at the foot ot 
which another infernal fpirit lies bound in chaiprs, 
while a cannon is pointed at his head. At a dif- 
tance, in the centre of an arcade ado;^t6d_with fta* 
tues, is a throne with a perfonage feated on it. Over 
hislieadare little beings fuppordrig ah* emblem of 

E e 2 eternity^ 

*n»rffgili I ■ I II — I Mil ■»> i 

. ate aa^s ilfaifrin a< Ikifc •>• •b ki< a 

mm mmlU bmx wiOaa A€ xad 


C 4^' ] 

A bookfellcr of commoa fagacity would have been 
juftified in rejcding thefc defigns, if prepared for 

feats of IiJE peers 1 are circiiir.flaDcea entitled to a more flat- 
tering reception than they have met with. Thai this print 
has likewire abfurdities, 1 am ready to allow : yet a feltaire 
might alk whether moft of ihcm arc tiot infeparable from its 
fubjefl. I wifli, for the fake of thofe who ackaowlcdge the 
genius of Hot^/fth only in familiar combinati'ins, that the phte 
in qweflion were lefs rare. Our connoifleurj in general might 
ilicn decide on its merits. The only known impreflton of it, 
as well 39 of its wmpaoion, is in the collection of Mr. IVal- 
fiole*, who once indulged me with a fight of them both. 

*' I am conient, however, ihat the lecond of ihefc platef 
fliould be abandoned to the auileritics of criticifm. The ar- 
chitciSnre in the (kics is every way unfuitable to its place. The 
charaflers of the Almighty and our Redeemer have little, if 
any, difcrimination of attnbutei or years. They appear fwing* 
ing on a feftoon compofed of tiny cherubs, cliiflered together 
like a fwarm of bees. The Father reils his arm on one of 
thefc childifh fatellitcs ; and the bon holds another by ibe 
wing, like Damitia* catching a &y. J3encath, ii a 
angels, who perform on different infiruments, and among 
others (as Mr. Nk-hn!': book expreffea it) on a cinmfy orgin. 
X-uci/er, approaching the new-created world, aijpears but ae 
an infed, flying towards an apple. This part of Hn^mtli's 
fubjeCt is beyond the compafs of any deQgn on a contrafted 
feale. Saitm might be delineated in the aft of alighting on a 
promontory, apart of the e. " ' 

is exhibited on a flip of paper measuring abotil fix i-:che9 by 
four, the enterpiizing fiend ninft be reduced to very infignifi- 
canc dimenfions. Such aciicumllance may therefore fuccced 
in a poet's comprchenfivc defcription, but will fail on any 
plate defigncd for the ornament of a little volume. 

"Letmeadd.tbatthefetwoare the neatellaud mofl finiihed 
of all the engravings by Uegarih, The fccond miglit hLivo 
been miftaken for one of the linaller works of Pkari. Peihaps 
the high price demanded for the plates, wa» the rcafon why a 
fsries of them was not continued through the other books of 
faradije Lefi." 

» Thefc two plates 



mmnm, Lrt icliei 
mak kxR bees jmeM^ tke csfieft of Htg^rtlTM pcr- 
fetaaaea, aod, fiix fab pnis fior Dtm .^joMte, wci^ 
io il) p ra ba bflk y tfanma afidc^ as nofiaeed to the 
porpofe lipr wfaidi tber were cngratcd. I fane bcc« 
totd, iodeed, iba; a coupk of plato, by iNir vriC. 
CotbeccKiiedjrof72tf5/tfx^/h«/-,ate Qill i iiflM^' 
If Hfgariif therefore, was otice cmplovcd is pcepor- 
iDg cats to tbe pbjs of Dtydtm^ ibe dcfigos abcadj 
ntestiODed mi^t hare been ioccDded for two dilenaK 
fcenes in He State cf butuntt, cr the Fall sf \figm. 

19. A coat of anns from a targe filrtr lea bblc. 
Under tbeic amu are a lhcj<bcrd aod hU flociE, cx- 
ttdXj the (ame as tbofe on the taakard, N= 25. A 
Aepberd and ibcpherdefs alfo are the fupportcn. 
This has been afcribed to H&^artb, but I fulped it 
TD be a copy, and am lold iodecd that it was en- 
graved by Pelilreau. 

to. Impreffion from a coat of anm engraved oa 
a fijfer difii made by DtUmery, purcfaafrd, at ibrne 
diflaoce of time, by Sir Cre^sry Pa^e, Ban. who 
erafed the original arms from the efcutchron, sitd 
had his own put in. The dilh was afternards bought 

• Thtfc «re m iSe colUflion of the Eart of Fxf*rr, md «re 
fijd cr> hiivc the name of oor inift filUdoidiy affixed to tlx 
I tyait, bowerer, wuh noccnainiy. 

mJ to the m. 


[ 4^3 ] 

at Chrijlle's at a fale of Sir Gregory's plate ; and'wlicn 
25 imprcffions only had been taken from ir, was cut 
to pieces by R, Morrifon, 1781. I wifli fotne of 
thcfc difcoveries of Hogarth's engravings had been 
made by people who had no immediate view to their 
own profit, and the fale of their acquilitions. Too 
many of our colleiftors are become dealers. 

21. Small oval print for the Rape of the Lock, 
This was not deligned for any edition of it. A few 
impreffions only were taken off from the lid of 
fnuff-box engraved by Mr. Hogarth, as it is believed, 
for fome gentleman charailerized by Pope in hii 
celebrated mock-heroic poem. It is one of the 
pooreft of Hogarth's performances. 

22. An embiemaiic print, reprefenting Agricul- 
ture and Arts. *' It/eems to be a ticket for jotac jb* 

23. A ticket for the benefit of Afilward the trage- 
dian. A fcene in The Bfggar's Op<.ra ; *' Pitt 31." 
infc'ned with a pen between "Theatre" and "," 
in a fcroU at the bottom of it. I have feen an ini- 
preffion of it, under which iscngravcd, •' Lincolus-!nn 
" Fields, Tuefday, Aprill 23. A Bold Stroke /r a 
" IVife, with Entertainments, for the benefit of Mr, 
" Mlwavd." This carelefs, but fpirited little en- 
graving, has more of Hc^arth's manner than ieveral 
other more laboured pieces, which of late have been 
imputed to him. — Let the connoifleur judge. 

This ticket (as is already obit-rved) mull have 

been ifflied before 173?, when tlie Theatre in L/n- 

E e 4 tolits- 


tttf^^ aNMOKdw re^ mnoveii to C>c<tfC 

% The f«%f Oafmam, 

tksmttr, Gftr'Hf 

Uagiutb rm. ttja^ 

'riat/ttStTM ^^^ 

To the nrtHI unpreffiortt of tbis pise, the i 

i "ayi-r (tor whora ic bas fiocc been reumcbed) ^ 
wanctflg ** .flr^^ /rsia G^pel's Doo Qia«w».* 
UntWiKrh, thcie verges; 

Fnxn FiftfTn cltTin. rrsnfpUnced to our cuABy 
Two olr^r:'!! order* ih It citation boailt 
Il«re ruer io mini iturc. npm'd to »iew 
TH'M bf riKir cond'^ men may judge ibeir d 
The Gf-'^rs'-.', a venerable race, 
Ap'^^'t: Hiftinguili'd Aiirh peculiar grace : 
Wlt^r honour ! w'trdocn ! rruth ! and focial hire I 
feurr Tuch an order had iu bifrh, above. 
But msrlc Free Mafotn '- wbar a farce is this? 
Ho» wild iheir myfttrf ! what a fiimt tbey k^&*fl[ 
Who wmiM WK laugh +. who fuch occaGons had ? 
Who Ihould not weep, to think the world (b madlf 
• Oa th'i n«jifion the print cxhibiii a ini' ofh<K 
ihiii m»f hi'h'Ttn h»ve Hc^petl obfcrvation. Tu render dw 
putt pfcfofcd for hluii'i'm more ir>nptiag, ii bu futdict un, 
fiiCh t( w'lmen »'»'e ■■ (be uinr vheii iHc plauwti pgMiflied* 
f W^« Ti-j«U M/ l/twfi, t<<-.l Parody on tbs cancladiag 
tonplcl (ff /'i^'i chariQcr of AJ£p». 

I flwuld 


r 4^5 ] 

I Ihoulci fufpcft that this plate was publifhed about 

174^, when the Ptoceffion * oi Scald Mifirabk^ bad 
been produced -f to parody the cavalcade of the Free 

* The contriver! of the Mock Proceffion were at thni time 
faid to be Paul U'hiieljtaJ, cfq. and his intimate friend (whole 
real Ghriftian nami: was Efquire) Cam, of Pall Ma!/, furgcon 
to FrtJtrie Prince of ffalri. The ckty officers did not fuBer ' 
thjg proccffioa to go through TempU-Ear, the common report 
then being, that its real intent tvas to affront, the annual pro*-' 
cellion of the Free Mafons. The Prince was fo much of. ' 
fen<led nt thii piece of ridicule, that he immediately removed 
Cany from the office he held imder him. 

-f- The print, rep relenting a View of &mfr/ff-//i>t/? and of 
7bi SiraaJ, is 3 feet 11^ inches in length, and tea inches in 
wldih ( and is intituled, " A Geometrical View of ilte giand 
" Proceffion of the fcaid-miferable Mafona, defigned as they 
** were drawn up over againft Somerfet-Hmji in Tht Strenii, ott 
" the Tweoiy-fcventh of j^i-/7, An" 1741. Invented and en- 
" graved by A, Brnaifi, at his Lodgings, at Mr. Jnr^aa't, a 
"Grocer, the North Eaft Corner oi' Compton-firect, Se-i»t 
" and Ibid by iIjc I'rintfelleM of LmM and jyeji ~ 
Note, A, BtnoiJI teachi;s Drawing abroad. 

" N" 1. Tbe grand Swo^rd Bearer, or Tyler, carrying tho 
" Swoard of State [aFrefcnt oUjhmatl Mif to o\A Myram Kin] 
" of the Sar«,eni) lo his Grace of tKaitU, Gr^nd Matter 
" the Holy Lodge of ft. Joh« efjerufakm in CUrkrmvttU, 
" I. Tylers or Guarders. 
" 5. Chorus of Inftrumenis. 

*' +. The Stewards, in three Gntt Carts, drawn by Aflei. - 
•' 5. T*'o famous Pillars, Ja,bhi and Hm^. 
" 6. Three great Lights: the Sun Hieroglyphical lo rul« 
(' the Day, the Mc^on EnitiUmaiical to rule the Night ; a: 
t' Mafler Mafon political lo rule his— Lodge. 
" 7. The Entered Prentice's Token. 

" 8, The Letter G fatuous in Malonry for tiifferencing th«' 
" Fallow Craft's Lodge from that of Prentices, 

" 9. The Funeral of a Grand Mailer, according to thc! 
i' Rites of the Order, with the 15 loving Brethren. 

• M 10. A Mailer Mafon's Lodge. 
t- " II. Oral 


[ «* 1 

• Ki<e^ ikr •:« pit, by liBir CrfL 

••Mrffcr^M^.*— Fl»iitfbr7.JEeU;x Tim JO^-^i Jmm 
m ttrnt f um , aid ibU bf fte FanpfabbAopH Sc Hte 

faanOk fcm TV Umbm Dmif P^, Mwd m^ r^^t^t, 
mc M TAtrihr A*n>« amck Fne-MaibDa nmch rf dtnntgft 
* fM-M^mid Thtlinmi, m eir » rai^Ml»-Av,ai pioe rtian : 
*■ IM <»«1E tttoHV OB j»fc i<a, wuft coss hnas in dictr 

[ 4'-7 ] 

himfelf of any popular fubjeift that afibrded a fcope 
to ridicule. Among Harry Carey's Poems, how- 
ver, 1729, third edition, is the following; 
'* The Moderator between the Free-Mafons and 
*' Gormogons. 
" The Mafons and the Gormogons 
■ *' Are laughing at one another, 
" While all mankind are laughing at them ; 
" Then why do they make fuch a pother i 
<* They bait their hook for fimple gulls, 
" And truth with bam they fmother; 
" But when they've taken in their culls, 
" Why then 'tis — Welcome Brother !" 



»' drawn by fix horfes, each of a different colour and fize, it 
*' which weic the grand matter and wardens; the whole at. 
'• tended by a vail mob. They flayed without Trmpit Bar till 
*' the Mafons came by, and paid their cotnptimenta to ibem, 
" who returned the fame with an agreeable humour that pcf- 
" fibiy difappointed the witty contriver of this niAck fcene, 
*' whofe niistortune is, that though he has fome wit, his fub- 
*' jc3« are generally lb ill chofen, that he lofes by it a« many 
■ ' friends as other people of more judgement gnin." 

Again, Afiri/ii, 174J. " Yefierday being the annual feaft 
" of the ancient and honourable focieiy of Free and Accepted 
*' Mafons, they made a grand proceffion from Brock-fntt to 
♦' HabrrdaJInn Hall, where an elegant entertainment was pro- 
*' vided for them, and the evening was coticluded with thai 
" harmony and decency peculiar to the focicly." 

" Some lime before the fociety began their cavalcade, ■ 
" number of llioc-cleaners, chimney -fwetpers, &c. on foot 
*' and in carts, with ridiculous pageanit carried before them, 
" went in proceflion to Templt-Bar, by way of jcfl on the Free- 
" Mafons, at the expence, as we hear, of one hundred pouudi 
" rterling, which occaConcd a great deal of diverfion." 

Again, May 3, 1744. " Yefierday fcveral of the mock 
'* mafou! were taken up by the conftable empowered to im* 
'I prefa men for hia Majelly's fervice, and confined till they 
M caa b« examined by the jufticcs," 

7 The 




T^ psTtmrixT mSpmcs w twees tfee parties retcnvn 
tp by thb poan, it i> ooc oTy to aicenaia. Pa- 
h*g» Ae hufnoaroas wriier 2 ludcs to fbcne I«:lii6n or 
***#rf^'" iKHr forgoctco. Mr. GrM^, in ooc of ks 
leficn to Mr. H'^-Ip-M, uyf, " I reckoo dcxi week a> 
** bear you ate a Free Maioo, or a Cira^sca at Icaft.^ 
4lDc()iiion p. 18S. 

I Inro from Mafunj Di^3^t &c. a pampUet 
publiflied in 1730, by Samael PrUb^rd, bee mem- 
ber of a CooflUuied Lotlge, that " FfoiJ ibe Ac- 
** crptcd Mafoo fprang the real Mafoos, and firoai 
•* both fprang the CA'awyau, whofe grand maficr 
** die Volp deduces bis original from tbe Chim^^ 
" wbofc writing!, if to be credited, maiatain tbe 
" hvpothcfcs of the Pre-adamites, and coofcqucatly 
•* mull be more antique than MafoDry." — This cir- 
mmllance will account for the Ciiiufe names and 
habits in our artifl's plate. 

74. S»nc})c, at tbe magnificent feafl, &c. ftanrcd 
by hit Phyfici^n. Oa the top of this plate are tbe 
following words : " This origiiial print was invented 
•" and engraved by tlUliam Hogaitb. Price is" At 
bonofn wc read, W. Hagartb iirv. ^ ftuif, PriniM 
far }/. Overi9H and J. Ho^le. Perhaps this defign was 
meant as a rival to that of G^/w/ on the fame fubjed ; 
or might be intended by way of fpecimeo of a com- 
plac fct of pUtcs for Don ^lixote. Mr. S. Ireland hai 
ibeor'ginal drawing. 

25. Impreflion from a tankard belonging to a ] 
dub of artifb, who met weekly ai The BalTt Utad ii 

Cbrt' \ 

c 419 : 

Clare-Market. Of thU (ocicty Hogarth was 1 'mem*' 
ber. A fliepherd and his flock arc here reprefenrcd. 
26. The Gin Drinkers. This may have been ooe 
of Hogarth's early performances ; and, if fuch, is to 
be confidered as a rude fore-runner of his Gin-Lane^ 
But I do not vouch for Its authencity. 

2.7. The Oratory *. Orator Htnky on a fcaffold, 
a monkey (over whom is written Ameri) by his fide* 
A box of pills and the Hyp Doiftof lying befide 
him. Over his head, " The Oratory. Invcniam 
viani, aut faciam f ." Over the door. '* Ingrtdere hC 
*' projicias J." A Parfon receiving the money fw 
admiHion. Under him, " The Treafury." A Butcher 
Hands as porter. On the left hand, Modcfty in a 
cloud ; Folly in a coach ; and a gibbet prepared 
for Merit ; people laughing. One marked The 
Scout 5> introducing a Puritan Divine. A Boy 
cafing nature. Several grotefque figures, one of 
them (marked Tee-Her) in a violeni fit of laughter. 
1 difcovcr no reafon for regarding this as a produc- 
tion of Hogartby though his name, cut from the 
bottom of one of his fmaller works, was fraudulently 

* There arc fuch coincidences between this print and that 
of 7?jf Bf^gar'i Optra, as incline me lo think they were both 
fay the fame hiind, 

t The mi-tio on the mcdaU which Mr Hc«liy difperfcd 
at tickets tu his fublcribers. bee Noie on Ouneiaii, ML 199. 

; Thisinlciipiion is over theomer door of Si fuMl'i ichnol. 

§ Oj what pLTlunage the name of Scput was bellowed, i am 
unable to iiilbrm the re.idei', th.iii^h 1 rtcolltfl haviug fecn 
the lame figure in feveial other pniits, partientarly one I'rora 
which it appears that he was at laft inuiiiu-cd. 




coRtempc of a peHbnmnce which hardlj ddencs lb 
uofavoimble a character. This eodrc drfigo, bow- 
ever, is ftolen frocn a picture of Hitmfiirk, which 
has been fince eagraved in mezzotinto by iV. Diekht' 
fen of New Boni'jtrttt^ and publiihed Manh to, 
1772. The original pidure is b the poflelSoa of 
Mr. Wiofen, furgeoo, in Rathhone Place. 

The title given to this plate by the ingenious en- 
gravpr, i* -Tbe VUU^e Mgtjirate. All the male figures 
ate mon-kies; all the female ones, cats, tkiartb has 
likcwife been indebced to its companion — The. Cea- 
fabU oftbt Nrgbl. Few iaiprcffions from theic placet 
having been hitheno fold, they ate both in excelleot 
condition, and the former of ibetn exhibits an 
putable inftancc oi HogarthU plagiarircn. 

While Picart was preparing his Religious Ctrem»- 
uieif he wrote to fome iricnd here, to fupply him 
with teprcfcnratioos illuftrativc of his fubjeft. His 
coirefpoiident, cither through ignorance or defigo* 
furniflied him with the two preceding plates by Ho' 
garth, Picart has engraved the former with a few 
variations, and the latter with the uttnoft fidelity. 
The one is called by him Le Serment de la Fiile qui 
ft trowue enceinte ; the other, Le Bapteme demeftique. 
The 6rft contains a luppofed portrait of Sir Tbomu 
d« yeil. For the convedion of a eivil into a reUpau 
ceremony, let the Frenchman, or his purveyor, be 
anfwetable. The lines under Hogarth's performance 
are at follows : 

Here Juftice triumphs in his elbow chair. 

And makes his matktt of the ttading fair j 



elleot ^^_ 


[ 433 : 

His office-flielves with parifh laws are »rac'tl, 

Butfpelling-books, and guides between 'em plac'd.' 

Here pregnant mndam fcreensthe real fire. 

And falfcly Uears hcrbaQurJ child forhire 

Upon a rich old Ictcher, who denies 

The faft, and vows the naughty Huflif lies ; 

His wife enrag'd, exclaims againft her fpoufe. 

And fwears ftie'H be reveng'd upon his brows ; 

The jade, thejiiftice, and church-ward'ns agteej 

And force hiTi to provide fecurity. 

Hogarllj's pidture is in the pofTeflion of the Rev. 
Mr. WbalUy, tit E^o», I^ortb.TmtonJhire. 

Mr. Whaltrf is the nephew of John Palmer, whofe 
portrait is mentioned among the works of Hogarth. 
See p. 295. This pidture too is at Edon. The fore- 
going print (as already obferved, p. iji.) mull have 
been publiHicd before the year 1735. 

30. Right Hon. Gujlavus Lord Vifcount Bnyne, 
&c. &c. Whole length, raezzotintp. W, Hogarth 
pitix. Andrew Miller Jicit. " A very bad print, dona 
" in Ireland." 

I have fincc met with an early imprellion of this 
mezzotinto. The infcription, dedication, &c. un- 
derneath it, are as follows : 

" W. Hi'gfirth phix. Ford feat. The H'. Hon"*, 
'* Gujiavus i^ord Vifc'. Boym, Baron of StackalleTif 
" one of his Majefty's moft Hon'''". Priuy Council^ 
*' one of the Com", of the Revenue of Irelmid, &c. 

" To the R'. Hon"', the Earl of Kildare this piat« 
** is humbly dedicated by his Lordfliip's moft obet 
" dient humble ferv'. M/cb. Ford. 

F f « Publiflicd 


[ 434 ] 


Mid. Fard, Painter i 
Price 5'. j""." [i. e. five 

" Publifhed and fold b) 
" Print-feller on Cork Hill, 

Mr. IValpole's is probably a later or a retouched 
impreffion from the fame plate, after it had fallen 
into the hands of one Andrew Miller, who effaced the 
name of Ford, and fubftituted his own. 

This fcarce print will undoubtedly fuffer from com- 
parifon with the works of Smith, M'Ardelt, Earkmt 
Jonetf &c. and yet perhaps it is tlie beft mezzotinio 
that Ireland has hitherto produced. It muft be con- 
fefled, however, that Hogarth's whole-length figure 
of Lord Boyne is equally void of grace, meaning, and 
proportion ; but thefe dcfefts have no connexion 
with the labours oi Ford, which would have appear- 
ed to more advantage had they been exerted on 
better fubjedt. 

31. Mr. Pine (the celebrated engraver), in the' 
manner of Rembrandt. Mezzotinto (about the year 
1746), by M-Ardellf Price a j. The original wa« 
in the pofleflion of the late Mr. Ranby the furgcon. 

There is a fecond head of Mr. Pine, a mezzotinto ; 
both hb hands leaning on a cane. Printed for George 
Pulley, at Reml/randft Head, the corner of Bride- 
court, FUcl-Jlreet. 

I have called this ** a fecond head," but kQ< 
not which of the two was firll publilhed. 

In the firft edition of the prefent work I had 
defcribed this plate as an unfinilhed one, but have 
fuice met with it in a perfect ftace. 

33. A. 




t 4!5 ] 

32. A View of Mr. Ranhy's houfe at Chifwkk. 
Etched by Hogarth. This view, I am informed, was 
taken in i75o> but Was not deligned for falc. 

153. Daniel Lock, Efq. F. S, A. formerly an archi- 
teft. He retired from bufinefs with a good fortune, 
lived in Surrey-Jlreet, and was buried in the chapel 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, Mczzotinto. ^, Hogarth 
pinx. J, M-Ardell fecit. Price t s. 6^. 

34. Chrift and his difciples; perfons at a diftance 
carried to an hofpital. " In as much as ye have 
** done it unto one of the leaft of thefe my brethren, 
" ye have done it unto me." 5/. Matt. xxv. ver. 40. 
W. Hogarlb inv. C. Grignionfiuip. Ticket for The 

. London Hofpital. 

As this charitable foundation was inftituted in 
1740, probably the ticket was engraved foon after- 

35. Original of the fame, in a fmaller fizt, with 
the Duke oi Richmond's arms as prefidcnt. 

36. Another, alinoft the fame as N" 34, but with 
a view of The London Hofpital. 

37. Six prints for Don fixate. W. Hogarth inv. 

When Lord Carteret, about the year 1737, waa 
feeking artifts to defign, Sec. plates for his Spanijh 
edition of this famous novel, publiihed in 1738, 
Hogarth, of courfe, was not overlooked. His per- 
formances, however, ga\^ fo little fatisfadtion to his 
noble employer, that they were paid for, and then 
laid afide in favour of I'andrebank'i drawings, after- 
F f a wards 


C 436 ] ^ 

wards engraved by Vandcrguchi, The places remain* 
ing in ihe hands of Mr. Tonfoit, his lordfhip's pub- 
lilhef, at his death, were bought by Mr. Dodfley^ 
who, finding they exhibited no defcriplions that 
could render them welcome to the polTeflbrs of any 
copy of Don pixels whatever, had the titles of the 
chapters, &c. to which they belong, together with 
references to the corrcfponding p<iges in Jarvis's 
tranDation, engraved under each of them. The 
fubjefts of them are, I. Funeral of Chryfojlum, and 
Maralla vindicating herfelf; vol. !. p. 71. II. The 
Inn-keeper's wife and daughter taking care of the 
Don after being beaten and bruifcd, p. 129. III. Don 
i:>tiixou rtleafcs the galley flaves, p. 119. IV. The 
unfortunate Knight of the Rock meeting Don fixate, 
p. 140. V. Don ^axote fcizes the barber's bafon 
for Mambrlno's helmet, p. 155, VI, The Curate 
and Barber difguifing themlclves to convey Don 
^ixotc home, p. 166. Ton/on had fevcral fpecimens 
of plates, both in quarto and o<S:avo fizes, executed 
for editions of Sbak/peare, but they fliarcd the 
fate with the others prepared for Don fixate. 

38. An oval, with two figures reprcfintlng Hymen 
and Cupid. A view of a magnificent villa at a dif. 
tance. This print was intended as a ticket for Sigif- 
munda, which Ilogarfb propofed to be raffled for. It 
is ofteti marked with ink 2/. is. The number of 
each ticket was to have been inferted on the fcroU 
hanging down from the knee of the principal figure. 
Perhaps none of them were ever difpofed of. This 


[ 437 ] 
plate, however, mud have been engraved abouf 
L762 or 3. Had I not fecn many copies of ic 
marked by the hand of Hogarth, \ fiiould have fup- 
pofcd it to have been only a ticket for a concert or 

39. Four heads from the cartoons at lianiptcn- 
Court. An etching. 

Mr. IFatpolc, in his Anccdoits of Painting, &c. 
vol. IV. p. 22. fpeaking of Sir "James ThornhilCs 
attention to thefe celebrated pidturcs, has the follow- 
ing remark : " He made copious ftudies of the 
" heads, hands, and feet, and intended to publiJh 
" an exaft account of the whole, for the ufe of 
" ftudents : but his work never appeared." 

As this plate was found among others engraved 
by Hognrtb) it might probably have been one of his 
early performances. His widow has dlrcdicd, a few 
imprellions to be taken from It, and they arc fold at 
her houfe in Leic-cfler-frjuarc. 

40. A Scene in a Pantomime Entertainment lately 
exhibited ; defigned by a Knight of Malia. A fatirc 
on the Royal Incorporated Irociety of Artifls of 
Grtiit Biitiiin. No name. 

This defign is difficult to be explained, as it al- 
ludes to fonie forgotten diilentions among the artifts 
before the Royal Academy was founded. Sir WV/- 
liam Ci'iiDihir, Kirh, Rcoker the Engraver and Har- 
lequin, Liotard, remarkable for having adopted tlic 
Turii/h drcfs, and others, are introduced in it. The 
hat aud head of //o^<vr/i alfo appear on one of the 
Ff3 necks 



ftccfes of a Hydra. It is havdly credible, therefore, 
tfaat he ftiould have rendered himll-lf an objefl: of 
his own faiire. A mere etched outline of the fame 
dclign, with aiiditions, was afterwards jniblilhed, and 
is marked plate II. It is larger than the i 
plate, and muft be confidcred as a flight tempoi 
Ikctch, of which the author is uncertain. 

41. A Ticket-porter carrying a load of chamber-7 
pots to fonic place of public refort, from the en- 
trance of which three grenadiers are keeping off the 
crowd. At the bottom is written. 
** Jack in an Office, or Peter l^eeeffary, with Cboio 
" of Chamber-pots. 
*' A Ticket for the Price bd." 

Of the following articles the 4Qth, and .3d, 
the undoubted productions of Hngarlb, Some of 
the reft may admit of difpure. 1 hofe marked * I 
have not yet feen in any colleiflion but that of ] 
S. Inland. 

* 42. Arms of George Lambari \^LamheTt1 the 
painter, an intimate friend of our artift. 

* 43. Arms of Gort, engraved on a filvcr waiter. 

* 44. Arms of a Duke of Kendal. N. B. There 
never was a Duke of Kendal, but an infant Ton of 
yanies II. The arms mentioned are certainly thoffr 
of the Diitchcfs of Kendal. The male fhield muft 
be a miltake. 

* 45. Anns of Cbudhigb; motto " Aut vincai 
" aut pcribo." Done for Major L'Ejnery, wbilll 
Hogarth was apprentice. 

• 46. The 

:a, ana 


" "iber-- 

"■ ^^ 


c of 

* I 

1 fi,r^H 

[ 439 ] 

♦ ^6. The Great Seal o( England, from a large fiU 
ver table. This was given to Mr. S. Ireland by a Mr. 
Bonneau, who took off the inipreffioQ before the 
year 1740. 

^7. Twenty-fix figures, on two large flicets, en- 
graved for " A Compendiutn of Military Difcipline, 
*' as it is praiSifed by the Honourable the Artillery 
" Company of the City of London, for the initiating 
*' and inftruiSing Officers of the Trained Bands of 
** the faidCity, &c. Moft humbly dedicated to hit 
(' Royal Highncfs George Prince of Wa/eSf Captai 
" General of the Honourable the Artillery Compa! 
•' ny. By John Blackwelly Adjutant and Clerk to 
" the faid Company. 

*• London. Printed for the Author; and are to be 
•' fold at liis houfe in Well-Court in ^een-Strtel, 
" near Cheapfide, 1726." 

48. Fariaelli, Cuzzoni, and Heydegger. Cuzzotd 
and Farinelti are finging a duet. The latter is in the 
charafter of a prifoner, being chained by his little 
finger. Htydegger fits behind, and is fuppofed to 
utter the eight following lines, which are engraved 
under the plate ; 

Thou tuneful fcarecrow, and thou warbling biri^ 

No Ihelter for your notes thefe lands afford. 

This town protefts no more the fiogfong drain, 

"Whilft Balls and Mafquerades triumphant reign, 

Sooner than midnight revels ere fiiould fail. 

And ore Ridottos Harmony prevail; 

Ff4 TW! 

C f40 1 

The cap (a refuge once) my heau fiiail grace. 

And favc i'rom ruin this harmonious face *. 

I am Io!J, however, that this |)late was dffign» 
C(l by the laft Countefs of Burl'nigton, and ctcbed 
by Geupy. 1 may add, that the figures in 
though flightly done on the whole, confift of 
more than a iinglc ftrokc, being retouched aiid 
heightened by the bi^rln in fcveial places. On ' 
the contrary, HogaTth'i plate, intituled I'be Char- 
mers of the Age, only offers an etched outline^ 
which at once afforded the extent of his dcfign, 
leaving no room for improvement. The former 
print exhibits traces of perfcvcrance and affiduity \ 
the latter is an effort of genius that completes it« 
purpofe without elaboration. 

49. The Difcovery. This fcarcc plate is acknowsij 
ledged as genuine by Mrs. Hogarth. The fubjeift is a 1 
black woman in bed ; her eyes archly turned on hcri 
gallant juil rifrn, who expreffcs his aflonllhmcDt oif i 
the entrance of three laughing friends, one of them J 
with a candle in his hand. Underneath the print ill 
this appofite motto ; 

^j color aHitis erat nunc cjl contr.jrius alho. 

A fimilar circumftance occurs \n Fletcher's Mon- 
Jititr Tlotnaiy and in FoUi's CoieaLis. 

I know nut of any among our artill's works ihac | 
difplays fo little chantdcr. It mud have been one * 
of his early performances. 

* He liad once entJUoci ns a pnVaic foltlier in ihe CuanJt, 
firr 3 pioiciflioii. bcc p. 1 ji. 

u ; 

[ 44» ] 

It Ihould be obferved that, being founded oik « 
jirivate occurrence, this print was never dcfigned fof 
general circulation. Mr. Wghmore the manager of 
Druij-Lane, who bought Giber's fliarc in the pa- 
tent, is the Hero of it. A few copies only were 
diftnbutcd among Hogarth's parricuKir friends, and " 
the gentlemen whofe portraits it contains. At the I 
boitoin of the plate there is no defcriptive title. 
Difiovery was that by which Mrs. Ho^jur/ /j mentioned 
it when Ihe recolle<Sed the very laughable circum«l 
llance here cominemorarcd by her hulband's pencil. 

* 50. The Cottage. An iinpreflion from a breeches- 
button, the fize of a crown-piece ; a iketch made for 
Mr. Canifidii^ a furgeon, on a fubjett that will not bear 
explanation. There is a copy of this little pUte by 
Mr. S. Ireland. 

51. Pug the Painter, This has been iiAially 
underftood as a fatire on Hogarth, rather than a dc- 
figo by him. Mr. Ireland once told me it was etched 
hy D^zveSt and that our arcift gave a copy of it, as 
his own defign, to Mr. IZirby. But 1 am a0ured 
with fupcrior confidence by another gentieman, that 
the true author of it is v-t be fought among thofe ar- 
lifts whom Hogarth had provoked by his contemp- 
tuous treatment of their works. If Pu^ was not de- 
signed as his rcpreftntative, why is the animal exhi- 
bited in the Z&. of painting the ridiculous figure of 
the Privji in Ihe Good Sanuriian f 

53. A Head! 

E 44X ] 

$ZfA Head in an oval, coarffly «}grave( 
fiibfcribcd " Samuel ButUr Author oi Hudibrat.'* 
Several coctio'ilTeurs, befide Mr, Tha7ie who poflcf- 
fcs [he plate, conceive it to be an undoubted work 
of Hogarlh. For what purpofc Jr was executed^ 
and why fupprcfied (for no one has hitherto met 
ttitb even a proof from it) it is vain to cnquircjij 
1 am filcnt on the fubjeft, heartily wifhing that 
throuohout this work I had had the opinions of more 
ftieods to record, and had offered fewer fentimcntj 
of my own. 

53. " A very rare hieroglyphic print, reprefeorii 
*' Royalty, Epifcopacy, and Law, compofed of em* 
" bleniatic attributes, and no human features or 
" limbs ; with attendants of fimilar ingredients. Be* 
•* neaih is this infcripiion. Some of the principal; 
*' mbabitants of the Moon, as rhey were difcovered' 
*' by a tclefcope, brought 10 the greateft perfection 
** lince the laft eclipfc ; exaftly engraved from the 
'* objeifti, whereby the Curious may gucis at their 
*' Religion, Manners, &c. Price Six-pence." 

A kind of fcaffold above the clouds is the theatre 
of this reprefcntation. Monarchy, Epifcopacy, and 
X-aw, appear charaderitlicaliy feated. 'Iheir faces 
are — a Crown-piece — a Jc^'i Harp, and — a Mallet* 
The monarch holds a globe and fceptre, with ere-' 
fcents on the tops of them. Inftead of a collar of 
tjfes, he wears a firing of bubbles ; his fide is or- 
namemcd wllh a pointed liar ; and a circle, the em- 


cnts 1 


C 443 ] 

blfm of perpetuity, is embroidered on the cIotK ub- 
der his throne. Epifcopacy is working at a pump 
(a type I fuppofe of the Church) by the ailiftancc of 
a bellrope. The Bible is fattened to the handle of 
the pump, and out of the nofc of it ilTues money 
that falls into a cheft difcriminated by an armorial 
efcuccheon, containing a knife and fork, properly 
emblazoned, with a mitre by way of crcft. The 
lid of the coffer leans againlt a pillar, that ferves alfo 
to fupport a triple pile of cufhions. Over the top of 
the pump (which is fafhioned much like a ftecple) is a 
weathercock on a fmall pyramid fupported by balls ; 
and below it, throLigh a circular opening, a little bell 
appears to niig. Under the facerdotal robe, a cloven 
foot peeps out. Law fuftains a f-vord ■, and behind 
him appears a dagger ihruft through the bottoni of 
a fieve. The attendants on Monarchy are of various 
materials. The bodies and legs of fuch as fecm de- 
figncd for foldiers, are compofcd of circular firc- 
fcieensrefemblingfliields. The trunks of the courtiers 
arc large looking glafles, the fconccs with candles in 
them lerving for hands and arms. The face of the 
chief of thefe is the reverfc of a fixpence ; and a key 
fignificantly appended to his fafh, at oncedtnotes his 
fex and office. Under the figure of law are a male and 
female modilhly drcft. Her head is a tea-pot, her 
neck a drinking giafs, and her body a fan half fprcad. 
On the oval that forms the countenance of her para- 
mour, is a coat of arms with fupponcrs. His right 
honourable legs arc fan-fticks, and he fccms in the 
7 aft 


c 444 ;i 

«ft of courrihip. How this couple are immediately 
conneded with Law, is not very clearly pointed out. 
Hogarlhy however, we may fuppofe, had planned 
fbme explanation of his hieroglyphics, as the letters 
a, ^> c, </, e,f, gy are placed over fome of them, and 
beneath others. j 

From the form of the perukes exhibited in this ' 
defign, I fliould fuppofe it was made above forty J 
years ago. Other circumftances in it need no decy- ' 

* 54. The Mafter of the Vineyard. St. Mattbsw 
chap. xxi. V. 28. " Son, go work to-day in my 

** Viueyard." j 

* 55' The London Infirmary for charitably rclicv- 1 
ing fick and difeafed Manufacturers and Seamen in j 
ihe Merchants' fervice, their Wives and Children. \ 
A blank certificate for Pupils in Surgery and Anato- 1 
my, printed on a half fheet, folio. 1 

56. A ticket for the benefit of Spil/er the player, \ 
He died in the year 17:9. I 

In the plate before us, which poflcflcs no fmall 1 
fhare of humour, poor Spiller is rcprefcntcd in a mc- ' 
lanchoJy pofturc. His finances are weighed a- '' 
gainil his debts, and outweighed by them. His 
taylot'sbill appears to be of great length, and many 
others Jor ale, gin, &c. arc on the ground nciirhim. 
A bailift is clapping him on the fiiouldcr — a prifon is 
ill fightr— ladies and gentlemen are taking tickets, &c. 
'Ihis very uncommon and beautiful little print is, 
atptcfcrt, found only in the collciflion of Mr. Irelantf,' 

S;.St. ■ 

L 445 - 

jy. St. Mary's Chapel. Five at night. 'Several peT 
formers playing on different iaftrumcnts. tyilliam 
Hogarth inv. G. Vander^cbt fculpt, 

Tliis was certainly an ornament at the top of a 
ticket for a mufic- meeting. The name of Hogarib is 
afilxed to it, and the whole dcfign migbl have beea 
his, I do not, however, believe it was fo. A few 
of the 6gutes appear to have been collected 
from his works by fome other hand, rather than 
grouped by his own. Vandcrgucbt too was fb th(|- 
roughly a mannerill, and efpecially in fmall ful 
jefts, that he was rarely faithful to the exprefliom! 
of countenance he undertook to trace on copper. 
■There is no humour, and indeed little merit of any 
kind, in this performance. Ic has not hitherto been 
met with on the entire piece of paper to which ic 
mull originally have belonged. 

A print called 7he Scotch Congregation, by Hogailb, 
is almoft unique, on account of its extreme inde- 
cency. One copy of it was in a colledion of hii, 
works belonging to Mr. Alexander of Edinburgbfi 
He isfaid to have had it from Mrs. Hogarlh. A fecon4 
copy is reported to exift in the polfeflion of another 
gentleman. No more impreflions of it are known. 




A correfpondent at Dublin informs me, that ia 
the collcflion of Dr. Hopkins of that city arc the fol- 
lowing feven prints by Hogarth : 

1. fhe Hijlory cf Witchcraft. Humbly dcdicai 
tp the Wife, Allegorically modernized. Part the 




[ 446 ] 

jliflied according to aft of Parliament. 
arlh irtv. it fculft. 
Halt iheet print. At one eiid, Witches attcnd'iig 
the puniflliiient of two human figures ; at the other, * 
fevcra! at tht-lr tiiflcrcnt occupations. 

2. The Hijfory a/ Witchcraft. Part the Second. 
PublifticJ 3ccording to aft of Parliament. Hogarth \ 
irtv. el/tulpt. 

Same fize as ths former. Witches dancing H 
others at various amufcments. "There two prints J 
contain a great variety of diflortcd figures. 

3. A Suit of Law ^ts me belter ihanaSu't of Clot her. i 
Invxnted and engraved by W. H. and publKhed pur- 
fuant to an A€t of Parliament, 1 740. 

An upright half-lhect. A Man in embroidered j 
clothes, his hat under his arm. A fcroU in his left j 
hand, infcribed, " I'll go to Law." Huntfrneii, 
dogs, and horfes in the back ground. Four lines in \ 
verfc underneath. 

Ufcful in all families. Invented and engraved byj 
W. H. and publilhed purfuant to an Ad of Parliament J 

4. The fame man in a tattered garment in a wild J 
country ; a fiaff In his right hand, and a fcroll in his 
left, infcribed, " To flic w that I went to law, and 
got the better." Four lines at the bottom. 

Thefc two may be claflcd among his indifferent 

5. The Caledonian March and Embarkation. Hogarth 
invent. London, printed for T. Baldwin. 

A number 

[ Ml ] 
A number of ScHtbmfn embarking in the 

w« TranfjTOrt. Labels Ifluing from (heir inouthn,^ 
The Laird of the Ptjtu f '** Baunits exalttiL 

Printed for T. BMUhotn, Lmdtn, fft^rtt imv> 

6. A Scslcb S'tifltman and bis Fritndi tatin^ j>t^ 
fiffim of feveral pojis^ bttving kiek'd dfysm thr f^r^tt 
PojpJWs. Lubels from their inoutli* too iwliom t6 
copy. A Lion on the fure ground^ huotl'wuikcd bft 
a Scotch pUid. 

Suppofed to be primed for Tte London M-igneh 

7, The Lion entran^fd. Printed for T, BM 
London, hiogartb iav. 176a. ^j 

A Lion in a C-offin. A plate on the cover, 
fcribed, " Leo Drilanicui, Ob. An. ijiSi. lU-tiuicf- 
cat in pace." Attended by flatc moiirnen with la- 
bels as above. In one corner Uiiiernia fupplicatii^, 
for her Sifter's intercft. 

A refped for the obliging coiniiuinicBtor has 
duccii me to publlfh xWxiJuppofed udditiun to the ft 
going catalogue of Hogarth'i works. But, wiihi 
ocular proof, I cannot receive » genuine nay 
of the plj[(s enumerated. The name of our Arfll 
has more than once been fubfcribcd 10 the wrctchril 
produdions of othcn ; and a cultedi>r at Dub/in 
mull have had finguLir good foriunc indeed, iflu 
has met with fcvcn authentic cutioCiici unknown 
the moil confidcncial friends of H"gartb, and 
moft induQrious connoiUcurs about London. I 
add, that two, :f not three, of the abovc-mcni 
aoti-miciAcial pieces, appeared iu j;6i, the vefy 



C 448 J 

year in which our artift was appointed Serjeant Pain- 
ter. Till that period he is unfufpcfted of having 
engaged his pencil in the fervice of poliiicks; and 
T. Baldwin (perhaps a fiiftitious name) is not knowtt 
to have been on any former occafion his publifher-; 
So much for the probability of Hogarlh's havia] 
ufliered performances like ihefc into the world, 

Chance, and the kindnefs of mj' friends, havi* 
not enabled me to form a more accurate feries of 
Ho^artb'j labours. Thol'e of the colleftor, however, 
are flill incomplete, unlefs he can furnifh htmfetf 
with a fpecimen of fcveral other pieces, faid, I thinfc, 
to have been produced a little before our attift's 
maaiage. I forbear to keep my readers in fufpcnfe 
on the occafion. Hogarth once taking up fome plain 
iTory fifties that lay on his future wife's card-cable, 
obfcrvcd how much was wanting to render them na- 
tural reprefcntations. Having delivered this remark 
with becoming gravity, he proceeded to engrave 
fcalcs, fins, Sec. on each of them, A few impref- 
fions have been taken from thefe curiofitie*, which 
remain in Mrs. Hogarib'f pofleflion. As a iuftonAe- 
corated by her hufband has been received into the 
foregoing calalogue of his works, it can hardly be^ 
difgraccd by this brief mention of the oiname«». 
he bellowed on a (ouniti\ 

There are three, large vbUimes in quarto b^ t^ 

vattr, a minifter at Zurich (with great numbers of 

plates), oa Ehyfiognomy, Among rlrefe- arc ivvo 

containing feveral groups of figures from different 

3 prints 


. C. 449 1 
■ •■;(' 

priats of ffcgarlb, together with the portraits of f-ord 
Levai and Wilkes, For what particular purpofe they 
ate introduced, remains to mc a fecrct '. 

In '* An Addrefs of Thanlcs to the Broad Dot- 
" toms, for the good things they have done, and 
"the evil things they have not done, fince their 
** elevation, i7<)5," is what the author calls •' A 
" curious emblematic Frontifpiece, taken from an 

" original painting of the ingenious Mr. H tb ;" 

a palpable impolition. 

Mr. Walpoltt Antedates of Painting, Vol. IV. 6j, 
obfervfs, that " Hogarth drew the fuppofed funeral of 
*' VoMakntf attended by the painters he worked for» 
** difcovcring every mark of grief and defpair." To 
explain this paffage, it Ihould be added, that " hi 
" was employed by feverai confiderable artifts here, 
" to draw the attitudes, and drefs the figures in ^ 
" their piftures." 

The merits of Hogarib, as an engraver, are incon. 
lidcrable. His hand was faithful to charafter, but 
had little acqLiainlance with the powers of light and 
fliade. In fome of his early prints he was an aOidu- 
ous imitator of Caiiot, but deviated at laft into i 
manner of his own, which futfers much by compa* 
rifon with that of his coadjutors, Ravt-net and Sul- 
livan. In the pieces finilhed by thefe makers of 
their art, there Is a clcarnefs that Hogarth could 
never reach. His ftrokcs fometimcs look as if fortul- 
toufly difpoled, and fomeiimes confufedly thwart 
* This book, I arn told. Is ouw iraoflaicd iolo Fre»tti. 

G g each 

C 4iP ] 
each other in almoll every poflibic diredtion. . \^bilM(^ ' 
he wanted in ikill, he flrove to make up, in labour i 
but the refuh of it was a untverlal haze and iruli(f>, 
tinftncfs, that, by excluding force and tranrparenc|^^J 
has rendered feveral ot' his larger plates Icfs capthi^^H 
vating than they %vould have been, had beentrufiect ' 
the folc execution of thetn to either of the artifls 
already mentioned. His fmalUr etchings, indeetji 
fuch as The Laagbing Pit, &c. cannot receive 
much commendauon. 

Mr. Walpele has juflly obferved, that " man^ 
" wretched prints came out to ridicule" the Analyfti 
if Beauty. He might have added, that no fmall 
number of the fame quality were produced imtnejl 
ately after the Times made its appearance. I \ 
it had been in my power to have afforded my Tea<]- 
ers a complete lift of thcfc performances, that as 
little as poflibic might have been wanting to the 
hiftory of poor Hogarth's firft and fccond perl'ecution. 
Such a catalogue, however, not being necefliry to 
the explanation of his works, it is with the lefs re- 
gret omitted *. 

The fcarcenefs of the good impreflions of Hogarth's 
larger works is in great mcafure owing to their hav- 
ing been parted on canvas or boards, to be framed 

* Oncof tbcfeprodiiflions, however, fliould be finglerfiVom 
tbcrcft. The print, cntiilcdT/jr Ciin^ifeMri, wai ful{>c^od to 
be a nurk ol Ihganh hinifclf. It is placed with fome gf bi| 
other iindit puled deiigri' in ihc lijck-ground of 7Jf A**""- 
Mad[\\\t\t\i UkDovni 1.1 be one oiMr.Saxiihy^i ptrfatmaa 
apct hai the fellowing rclcrencc— *' A. \u* own Oui^jed" 

C -isi ] • 

ind gtased for furniture. Thctc'wcrc few peoptS 
who coUcfted his ptints for any other purpole aC 
their firft appearance. The majorit>' of thcie feti 
being hung up in London houf^, have been utterly 
fpoilcd by fmoke. Since foreigners have learned 
the value of the fame performances, they have alfo 
been exported in confidcrable nuniben. Vv hcrevcr 
a tafte for the fine arts has prevailed, the works of. 
this great mailer are to be found. Mefficurs Tvrr^^ 
have frequent commiflions to fend thcni into Ita!yj 
I sm credibly intornied that (he Emprel's of Rujpa 
has exprefTed uncommon plcafure in exanuningfuch 
genuine reprcfentations of ^n^/z/A manners; and 1 have' 
feen a fet of cups and faucets with Tee HarUt^t Pro-^ 
grefi painted on them in China about the year 1739* 
Of all fuch engravings as are Mrs. Ihgarth's 
property, the later imprcflions continue felling oa 
terms fpecified many years ago in her printed cata- 
logue, which the reader will find at the end of thi| 
pamphlet. The few elder proofs that rcmaib un» 
difpofed of, may be likewifc had from her agent at 
an advance of price. As to the plates which our 
artift had not retained as his own property, when any 
of thefe defidcrata are found (perhaps in a ftatc of 
corrofion), they arc immediately vamped up, and im- 
prefHons from them are offered to fale, at three, four, 
or five times their origmal value. They are alfo 
flained to give them the appearance of age ; and on 
thefe occafions we are conridently affured, that only 
a few copies, which had lurked in forfic obfcifrr 
' G ^ a warehouf^ 

C 45«' 3- 

t'i>rnegleded port-feuillt, bail been'^rt 
difcovcred. This information is ufually accomp 
Di<d by fobrr advice to buy while we may, ig i 
Tended has fcarce 2. moment free from it 
loncitatioDS o( the nobility and gentry, w 
ways wHfaes to oblige, ftill afibrding that preference 
to the connoiflcur which he withholds from the k6 
enlightened purchafer. It is fcarce needful to ob> 
iierve, that no man ever vifited the ihops of thefe po- 
lite dealers, without foon fancying himfelf entitled 
to the more creditable of the aforefaid diftii 
Thus becoming a dupe to his own vanity, as vrtU. 
to the artifice of the tradefman, he has fpcedily 
mortification to find his fnppoTed rarities arc to be 
met with in every collediwi, and not long afterwardt 
on every ftall. The caution may not pro\'e ufclefs 
io thofe who a« ambitious to aflemblc the works of 
ihgarlb. Such a purfutt needs no apology; for/ 
litre, of aH his fraternity, whether ancient or 
dcrri, he bent the keencft eye on the follies and vicet 
fA mankind, and exprcffed them with a degree of 
%aiiety and force, which it would be vain to feck 
among the fatiric compofitions of any other painters. 
In ftiort, what is obferved by Hamlet concerning a 
player's office, may, with lome few exceptions, be 
applied to the defigits of- He^artbi-** Thdr end, 
" both at the Ijift, and' rimv, was, arid .'is, to hold 
•* as 'twe« the mirror up to nature j to 4bew virtue 
■•* her own feature, fcorn her own image, ajid rite 
« very age and body of the time hi? owa form aod 
" preflure." 

vicet ■ I 

C «3 ] 

I may add, that, fincc the appearance of Mr. 0"^' 
pole's Otaiogue, a dtfj^ofitlori to attribute feveral 
anonymous plates on ludicrous fubjeds, to Hogarth, 
has Iirtr:i;'cd itfelf in more than a fingle inlUncc** 
A fuppoJition h:is alio prevailed that there was a time 
when Hogarth had the whole field of fatire tei'him- 
felf, and we could boaft of no defigners whdfe per- 
formances could be miftaken for his own* The Isttct 
notion is undoubtedly true, if real judges are to' de- 
cide ; and yet many prints, very flightly impreg- 
nated with humour, continue to be afcribed to him. 
It fhould therefore be obferved, ^hat, at the fame pe- 
riod, Bickbam^ Vanderguckt^ Boitdrd, Gravclot, La- 
guerre the younger^&c. were occafionally publifliing 
fatirical Sketches, and engraviftg laughable frontif- 
pieces for books and pamphlets. To many of thefe, 
for various rcafons, they forbore to fet their names; 
and we have at prcfent coUeflors, who, to obtain the 
credit of having made difcoveries, are willing to 
adopt fuch performances as the genuine efTulions of 
Hogarth, although every way beneath his talents, and 
repugnant to hU ftyle of engraving. Perhaps alfo the 
names of other painters and defigners have been oc- 
cafionally obliterated, to countenance the fame fallacy. 

* Thui l1ie fffMiiifpiece to Taftt, deligned, if not cichcd 
ty Werjdalt (Ivr whofc bencfil ibti dramatic piece wat pcr> 
fonnetl), and Savney ia ih Bog-haafc, an anonymous fatire 
on the ScBlth, that made iii appearBnce near fotty yean ago, 
and was revived during the ad minill ration oi Lord Baif, are at 
prcfent imputed to our artiA, whofc name u already engraved 
ai ilie bottom of the latter. 

G g 3 Copies 


[ 454 ] 

Copies liVcwifc have been palmed on the imwaty 
for originals. " Therefore" (gentle reader) for once 
be content to follow the advice of Piflol, '• Go clear 
" thy chryftals, and Caveto be rhy counfellor." For if 
all fuch fa'heriefs engravings, as the vanity of fome, 
and the intereft, or the ignorance, of others, would 
hitroduce among the works of our arrift, were to be 
^tJmitred, when would the collector's labour and e: 
jK-nce be at end? 

Among other anonymous* plates afcribed to 
garth, but ohiittfd in the prefcnt catalogue, ia the fol- 
lowing, A h-L'inj^ Dog h httUr than a dead Lion, or. 
The Vanin tf human Gkry ; a defignfor the Monument 
of G.n-ral Wolfe, 1760. A medallion of our hero 
appears on the fide of 3 pyramid. On the bafc of ic 
is the well-known fjieech of Shakefpearc'i BrutuSy 
Set Honour in out hand, and D(aih in t' otbeTf 
And I v.-ill look on belh indifferent : 
And let the Gods fo /peed me, as I love 
The name »/ Honour more than 1 fear Death. 
At the bottom a dying Lion is extended, while a 
Dog (with Mitidtn on his eoUar, and Honour 't a 
jtft, i<?c. ifliiing from hi^ niouih) is at once lifting 
up his leg agaiiift the noble brure, and treading on a 
wreath of laurel, line lies Huncnr, is alfo written 
on ihc fide of the c^xpiring animal. W have fiiice 
been aiFured that this print was by another artill, 
tvliofe name f omit to meniion, becaufe perhaps he 
would wiih it, on the prefent occafion, fuppreffcd. 




C 455 ] 

THE Author of this pamphlet, being convinced 
that, ia Cpitc of all his care and attention, fonie- . 
errors may ftill be found in his catalogue, lift of va- 
riations, &c. will think himfclf highly obliged by. 
any gentlemen who will point them out, and enable- 
him to correft ihcni. Such favours fliall be grate- 
fully acknowledged, if the prefent rude Eflay lo*. 
wards an account of //<ifdJi/''j different performances 
Ihould happen to reach another edition. 

As in eonfcquencc of the extraordinary prices. 
lately paid for the collected works of this great mafr 
ter, certain dealers, &c. arc fuppolcdto be affembling 
as many of his prints as they can meet with, — bind- 
mg thenl up in pompous volumes, — writing " fine 
*• old impreffions'* either over or under them — fpeci- 
fying the precife lums pretended to have been dif- 
bUrfcil for Icvcral of them (perhaps a guinea for a 
- thr«e Shilling article) — preparing to offer a few rare 
trifles to falc, overloaded with a heap of wretched 
proofs from our artift's more capital performances i — 
exhibiting imperfeft fuites ot fuch as arc cut out of 
bonks ; and intending to ftjiion puffers at future auc- 
tions, whole office will be to intimate they have re-' 
ceivcd cummiHions to bid up as tar as fuch oi fuch 
G g 4 an 

[ 45« ] 


an amount (i.f. the fum under which the. concealed 
proprietor refolves not to part with his ware), &c. &c- 
it is hoped the reader will excufe a few parting 
word^ or sdmonition. Perhaps it may be in ch* 
power of Mrs. Hogarth to feleft a few fcts fr< 
fuch of her hiifb-md's pieces as have renuimd m 
own cultody Iroinche hour of their publication, 
the maUitudc, who of courfc cannot be fuppHi 
with thefe, become (heir own collcdors. Even 
rorance is a niore trufty guide than profcffional arti- 
fice. '.I may be urged, indeed, that the propom 
nare value of imprtffions* can be afcertained only by 
thofe who h.ive examined many of thtm in their va. 
rious rtalos, with diligence and acutenefs. But furely 
to.*iuali(y outfclvcs for eftimating the merit of the , 
curiofiiiL'S we are ambitious to purchafe, is ftifcr 
thiD u> rely altogether on the information of people 
whofc inrerett is commonly the reverfe of our own. 
Let it alfo be remembered, that the Icaft precious of 

• rrint! biivc, of lalf veari, bren jtidkioufly rated accord- 
ing to ibc (lualiiy ol their mfrt£ians. But rh« fery term jW- 
ffej^, a>! .ipvitid lo eftppef pliio, perhaps i; i navdty among 
us.. If we iiUci'to ih« earllcH and moft viil'table attttnh\»ge af 
jiorirai s (lucii as that caialogued hy Jma, thermrAi pvr. 
ch*fcd I* Dr. Fcihergill, nnd Inicl/ luld ro Mr. V-aitt), we 
fllJll hav« liti!eii-iatr>il (o dippofe any regard wai ontc pjid lo , 
a p^itiv^ar u( fo much im^onance. A; fall as hea>ii were 
jrir' witli,"Tf.[:y *crf indilcnminiKly receWiti »"""'' 'l"^ biinert 
pieiita d*«ii/ii .l;i(K-Jr to h.ivu been excluded at a time when 
tbr (tq'ii^A iiii^tit cRlily have titai prortircd. In conlequencs 
«l kn Hill.: {'I tartkllly ferine J, ihc voluinei already mcniiuncd 
weie '''iTind to Uii;jla>- ahern-'itlj' :hc mort bcauiUul sad Che 
luoft de*fiW»!^«uno««"of the grsjihic i\rt. 



r 457 1 

t productions are by far the fcarccft 
that when, at an immoderate expeace, we have pro- 
cured impreflions from tankards omamcDted by him, 
or armorial enfig;:* engraved for the boots of his cuf- 
tomerg, we fiiall be found at lad to have added no- 
thing to his fame, or the entertaining quafity of our 
own colledions. By fuch means, however, we may 
open a door to impofition. A work like T/je Har- 
iot'i Pregrefs will certainly remain unimitated as well 
as inimitable ; but it is in the power of every bungler 
to create freih coats of arms, or fliopbilis with our 
artift's name fubfcribed to them : and wherein will 
the Lion or Griffin of Hogarth be difcovered to ex- 
Cell the fame reprefentalion by a meaner hand ? A 
crafty feleftion of paper, and a flight attention to 
chronology and choice of fubjefls, with the aid of 
the hot-prefs, may, in the end, prove an overmatch 
for the fagacity of the ableft connoiffeur. A llngle 
detedion of fuch a forgery would at leaft give rife 
to fufpicions that miglft operate even where no faU 
lacy had been defigned. How many fraudulent imi- 
tations of the fraaller works of Rembrandt are known 
to have been circulated with fuccefs I — But it may 
be aflced, perhaps, from what fource the author of 
this pamphlet derives his knowledge of fuch tranf- 
aftions. His anfwer is, from the majority of col« 
leftors whom he has talked with in confequencc of 
his prefent undertaking. 

He ought not, however, to conclude without ob- 
ferving, that feveral genuine works of Hogarth yet 



[ 45? 3 

renujn to be engraved. He ii happy alfo to add. 
that a young artill, every way qualified for fiich a 
ia&, has., already published a few of tbefe by fub- 

7. N. bad cHicc thoughts of adding a Itft 
coj>ies made from ihc works of Hogarth ; but finding 
ibcm to be numerous, beyond expeaation, has de- 
filed from a talk, he could not eafiiy accomplUfa. 
'fbis purfuit, however, has enabled him to fugged 
jet another caution to his readers. Some of the early 
invaders of Hogarth's propcny were lets audacious 
[ban the red; and, forbearing to make cxaift itnita- 
tions of his plates, were content with only borrowing 
particular circumftanccs fronkcachof them, which 
ihey worked up into a fimilar fable. A fct of The 
Rake'i Pregrsfs, in which the figures were thus dif- 
guifed and differently grouped, has been lately found. 
But fince the rage of coltcctlon broke out with its 
prefcnt vchenience, thofe dealers who have met 
with any fuch diverfi^d copies, have been dcGrous 
of putting them off either as the firll thoughts of 
Ht^arthf or as the inferior produfftions of eider ar» 
tills on whofc dcfigns he had iinproved.. There is 
alfo a very fmall fet of Tl:e Rukc'i /'ra^t-^/i, comrlvwi 
and executed with the varieties already mentioaed^i^ 

[ 459 J 

and even this has been offered to fale under tKc for- 
mer o{ thefe defcriptions. Thus, as Shtikfpcare iays. 
While we fl;ut the gate upon owf impoficion, another 
knocks at the door. 

Ic may not be impertinent to conclude thcfc cau- 
tions with another notice for the benefit of unexpe- 
rienced colleflors, who in their choice of prints ufu* i 
ally prefer tha blackcft. The earlieft copies of iftwl 
gartl/s works are often fainter than fuch as haveb 
retouched. The excellence of rhe former confifta 
in ciearnefs as well as ftrcngth ; Uut ftrcngth only is 
the charadteriftic of the latter. The firft arid third 
copies of The Harlet's Progrcfs will abundantly illuf- 
irate my remark, which, however, is confined to good 
impreffions of the plates in either ftate ; for forac 
are now to be met with' that no more poITcfs the re- 
commendation of tranfparency than that of force. I 
may add, that when plates arc much worn, ic is cuf- 
tomary to load them, with a double quantity of co- 
lour, that their wcaknefs, as far as poflible, may ef- 
cape the eye of the purchaler. This pradice the 
copper-plate printers faceiioLifly entitle — coaxing ; 
and, by the aid of it, the deeper Ilrokes of the graver 
tthich are not wholly obliterated, become clogged 
with ink, while every finer trace, which was of a na- 
ture lefs permanent, is no longer vifible. Thus in 
the modern proofs of Garrick in King Richard HI. 
the armour, tent, and habit, continue to have confi- 
derable ftrength, though the delicate markings in 
the face, and the fhadows on the ir.fide of the hand, 



C 4.60 3 

fcave 1(Ag fince difa^peared. Yet this print, even in 
its fainteft ftate, is ftill preferaljle tofuch fmutiy im- 
pofitions as have been recently defcribed. The mo- 
dero imprcHions of 7he Fair, and 7he March to Finch- 
Ir/y will yet more forcibly illuftrate the fame remark. 

To the •rig'nal paintings o( Hogarth already eniK 
mcrated may be added a Breakfaft-piecc^ preferved 
in Bill-Streit, Derkeiey Square, in the pofTclEoD of 
WiBiam Strode, Efq; of NartbaWt Herts. It contains 
portraits of his fajher the late H'tlliam Strode^ Efq-, 
Itis isQCher Lady Anne (who was fifter -to the lat^ 
Earl of Salijbury), Colonel Strode^ aotj Dr. AtIi 
Smith (afterwards AjrchbtOiop of DubSn). 



. jirtbiq^^M 

Fear 7im« of the Day, p» 250. 

It fhould have beeo obferved, chat the 
thefe plates was engraved by Baron, the figure of the 
girl excepted, which, being an after-chougbt, was 
added by our arttfl's own hand. 

(r ^1 ] 


N'* I. [See p. 23.] 

THE following letter, printed in The Fuktie jtiH 
litrtijer foon after the firft edition of" the 
fent work made its appearance, may poflibly coDMu_ 
fome authentic particulars of the early life cf th^ 
fatnous MonJieur St. Andre. Mr. iVoodfalPs ingo^ 
tuous correfpondent does not, however, difpofe mtT 
to retcad: a fyllable of what is advanced in the cextj 
for he fails throughout in his attempts to excutpatB 
our hero fron> any one of the charges allc4ged againft 
him. Oa the contrary, he conBrms, with addiiioa^ 
a conliderable part of them, and flrives only t* 
eVade or overwhelm the rcfl by ftudied ampli&catioiB 
of the little- good which induflrious partiality couUl 
pick out of its favourite charaAer. I fluU now fuU 
join his epiftle, with a few unconnedled remark; a^ 
pended to it. A rambling performance muA apol^. 
gize for a defultory refutation. 1 

"THE entertaining author of the laft biognUi 
** phy of the admirable Hogarth, in the exccfs < 
" commendation of a particular rifible fubjeft for 


t 4<i } 

" his pencil, has written too difadvantageoufly of' 
' the late Mr. St. Aadrf. One who knew him inti- 
'mately(but was never under the ImaUcft obiiga- 
' tion to him) for the laft tw»cnty yeari of his life, 
' and has learned the tradition of his earlier con- 
'* dudl feemingly better than the editor of the article 

* in qucftion, takes the liberty to give a more 

* favourable idea of him, and without intending to 

* enter into a controverfy with this agreeable Col- 
' leflor of Anecdote^, to vindicate this notorious 
'* man, who muft be allowed to have been fuch ; 

* but it is to be hoped in the milder fenfe Lord 
^ Clarendon often or always ufes the epithet. The 

* making a fiibjed of Mr. Si. /.ndre is therefore 
'* merely accidental. The writer cxpcfts to derive 
■' no praife from exhibiting that perfon as the Hero 

* of a page. He thinks it is only doing juftice (for 
'* the Dead defcrve juftice as well as the Living) 
■' when he draws his pen againfl fome very inju- 
'" rious infinua:ions, thrown out with more inad- 
'• vcnence and :it a venture than in malice, againft 
■* the memory of an acquaintance and of a foreigner 
" (to whom perhaps more mercy is due than to a 
" nativt), who is more roughly handled than fac 
'* appears to defcrve. 

** Mr. NatbaniH St. Andre came over, or rather 
" was brought over, very early from SzuitztHand, 
'* bis native country, in the train pf a hUndrz^ or 
'* Sahadore, or lome Jewifly family. Next to his 
'* couutrymaa Heidegger, YiC became the moll^<;aDfi- 

C 4<53 3 

" dcraUe perfon that has been ini]>orrpd from thence? 
" He probably arrived m Engiaml in no hur'cr than 
'* a menial ftatlon. Poflibly his family was not 
" originally obfcure, for he has been heard to tle- 
" dare, that he had a rightful claim to a title, but 
'* it was not worth while to take It up fo late in life. 
*• He had undoubtedly all the qualifications of a ] 
*• Swifs. He talked French in all its provincial j 
" diatedts, and fuperintcnded the prcfs, if the in- J 
'' formation is to be depended upon, and pethapl*! 
•* taught it, as his lifter did at Cbdfea bo.itding-*! 
**'fch6o5. He was early initiated in mulTc, for hd' I 
" played upon fome muGcal inftrument as foon" aS \ 
" he was old enough to handle one, to entertain hii* 
'* benefaftors. He had the good fortune to be j 
** plated by them with a furgcon of eminence, anri^ \ 
•* became very fkilful in hia profeffion. His dutjri ' 
" and gratitude to his father, whom he maintained '• 
*• when he was nd longer able lO maintain himfclf, ■ 
" was'CXemplary and deferving of high commcnda-' J 
** tion. Let this charity cover a rtiultitude of hi<' 1 
" fins ! His great thlrft for anatomical knowledge' I 
** (for which he became afterwards fo faiiious as to' \ 
** have books dedicated to him on that fubjc£t), and , 
" his unwearied application, fojn made him fo CQm*' J 
"pleat an anatomift, that he undertook to read I 
"public lefturcs (and he was the firft in Londotl't 
** who read any), which gave general fatisfa'Sioa.' I 
** The moft ingenious and confiderable men in the' I 
•* kingdom became his pupil% Dr. Hunter, now atf 1 
'•W. " the I 

t 464 ] ^ 

" tte fteati of his profcQion, fpeats highly of' bis 
** predeceflbrt and confiJers bim (if the information 
•* u genuine) as the wonder of his time. He con- 
** itnued his love of anatomy 10 the lad, and left 
*' Doble preparations beiiind him^ which he wa» 
** coDtinudlly improving. The tinic of his btro- 
*' du<dIon into Mr. Molyntux'i family i> not known 
•• to the writer of this account. W'hetber anatomy, 
" furgcry, loowlcdge, ur mufic, or his performatire 
*' Da the Viot dt Gamlo, on >a hicb he was the greateft 
" mafler, got him the intimacy with Mr. MiljHiux, 
" is not cafy to determine. Certain it is^ that he 
" attended his friend in his la(l illnefs, who died of 
** a dangerous diforder (but not under his hands), 
" which Mr. Motynaix is 0id to have pronounced, 
** from the firft, would be fatul. Scandal, and Mr. 
•• Pope's fatirical half-line, talked afterwards of 
« * The Poifoning Wife.* She, perhaps, was in 
** too great a hurry, as the report ran, in marrying 
•' when flic did, according to the pradlifed delicacy 
" of her fcx, and her very high quality. The un- 
•* lucky buCnefs in which one Hozvard, a furgeon at 
** Guildford, involved him, who was the projedlor, 
" or acceflkry of the impudent imponurc of NUry 
•* Tefts, alias the Rabbit-woman of Goilalmin, occa- 
•* fioned him to become the talk and ridicule of the 
•* whole kingdom. The report made by Si. Jndri, 
•* and others, induced many inconfiderately to take 
*• it for a reality. The public horror was (o great, 
" dat the rest of rabbit-warrens funk to nothiitg; 
1 " and 

[ 4«S ] 
*< ahi nobodv, till. the delufion was ovc-r, prefiJraed 
'* to eaj a raUbij-t The credulous Wbijion believed 
** thcftory (for to fptpe pceple eifery thing is credible 
'* thar comes from a crediWe-witacfs), and wrote a 
*', pamphlet, to p^ove this /«o«/?r««j ionc^thn to be 
*' the exa^ a^mtiletion of an o^tj. prophecy in £)t/r.)j, '* 
" The paft 5/|4j^p(f?y' afte^in. this affair ruined >bi8 ■' 
*' inte,reft .at- C»un^ where he had befoce'Jjeen fo ' 
" great a favourite with King Gfor^e I. thtc he -pre- ' 
" fentc^.him >^ith a fword which he wore lijmielf. 
•• Ncjw, ,on his return -out of the country, he "met ' 
" ^ith,a perfoiial afTront, and never went to Gdutc" 
"-agab. , ¥ut he continued anatomift to the Royal" 
*' his dying day, though he never Jook 
*' the,, (alary. ^ ,He probably was impofed -'upon in 
" this matter. -And has it not been the lot of men,' 
".in intelledtaal accompHfliments vaftly above his, 
*' fuch as ^-jy/f, fpr inftance, a. man infinitely his fu- 
" potior, to b^over-reached and milled ? He took 
", up (be pen on. the occafion (and it was not the firft ' 
** time, for he wrote fome years before a bantering 
" pamphlet on Dr. Meadjt which could at befl but 
*' demonflratc his fincerity, but expofed the weak- 
" D(ife of his judgement, on that cafe. It had beert* 
** infinuated he adopted this fchetnc, to ruin fome' 
" perfons, of his own profeffion. If he had a mtnd" 
*'-,_to make an expeiimcut upon the national belief, 
**aiwl to tawper, with their willingnefs -to fwallow 
".joy^abfurdity (which a certain nobleman [Dukeof 
** Iilp7itagu\ ventured ;o. do, in the affair of a fib l 
II h " who 


'who tindertook to jump into a quart bottle), fie" 
' was defervedly ininiflied with contempt. Sivift 

* (according to Whifton), and perhaps Arbuthms, ex- 
■* ercifed their pens upon him. The cheat was foon 

* difcovered, and rabbits began to make their ap 

* pearance again at table as ufual. But they wci 
■' not at liis own table, nor made a difh, in any for: 

" of cookery, at that of his friends. Perhaps 
" they imagined that the name or fight of that aDimal 
'* might be as ofFcnfive to hlni, «s the mention of 
" Formofa is faid to hare been to Pfaimmazar. Ic 
•* is told, that, on his alking for fome parfly of a 
" market-woman of Southampton, and demanding 
'* why fhc had not more to fell, flie, in a banter, af- 
" lured him, * That his rabbits had cat it up.' 
** The fortune he acquired by marrying into a no- 
" ble family (though it fet all the lady's relations 
'* againfl him, and occalioned her being difmifled 
** from her attendance on Queen Caroline) was a fuffi- 
*' cicnt conipcnfation for the laughter or cenfure 
" of the publick. His high fplrit and confidence 
'* in himfelf made him fuperior to all clamor. So> 
" that people did but talk about him, he feldom 
** fcenied to care what they talked againft him. And 
" yet he had the fortitude to bring an aftion for dc- 
" famation m Wejlminjler-Holl againft a certain doc- 
*' tor in divinity, and got the better of his advcr- 
** fary. He was not fuppofed, in the judgement of 
•' the wifer and more candid pare of mankind, to 
" have contributed) by any chirurgical adminiftra- 

" tioiv 

t 467 ]■ 

•' tion, to the death of his friend Mr. MJynet/Xt not 
*' to have fet up the imiiofture at GedJinin. Though 
*' he was difgraccd at Court, he was not abandoned 
" by all his noble friends. The great Lord Peler^ 
" boToiigb, who was his patron and patient long be» 
*' fore he went to Li/l'on, enttrtained a very high 
" opinion of him to the laft. His capacity in all 
*' kinds, the reception he gave to his table and hU.^J 
" garden, with his liberality to the infirm and dU^M 
" treffed, made him vifited by perfons of the highe^ 
" quality, and by all ftrangrrs and foreigners. 
•' did not continue to enjoy the great fortune h»" 
" marriage is fuppofed to have brought him, to tin: 
*' end of his life, for a great part went from him on 
" the death of Lady Bi'ltj, He by no means left fo 
" much property behind hiitj as to have it faid, he 
*' died rich. His profcllion as a furgeoti, in a rca- 
** fonable terms of years, would probably have put 
•' more money into his pocket than fell in the golden 
*' fhower fo inaufpicioufly into his lap, and have 
*' given him plenty, without envy or blame. He 
" was turned of nincty-fix when he died ; and 
*' though fubjeft to the gout, of which he ufed to 
" get the better by blifters upon his knees, and by 
" rigid abftinence, yet, when he took to his bed 
*' (where he faid he Ihould not He long), and per- 
** mitted a phyfician to be called in to hira, he 
*' cannot be faid to have' died of any diftafe. In 
" one fum of generofiiy, he gave the celebrated Cc- 
*' miniani three hundred pounds, to help him to dif- 
H h 2 " charge 

C 468- J 
" cliargc his incumbrances, and to end his days \n 
"* comfort. The ftrength and agility of his body 
" were greit, and are well known. He was famous- 
*' for his Ikill in fencing, in riding the great horfe» j 
" and for rvmninp and jumping, in his younger days^ 
" He, at dne rime, was able to piay the game zz 
*' chefs with the beft mailers. After a flight in- 
" ftruftion at Slaughier's coffee- houfe, he did not 
** reft till, in the courfe of two nights fitting up, he 
" was able to vanquifti his inflructor. He was fo 
" carnclt in acquiring knowledge, that he vvhimfi- 
" Cally, as he told the ftorv, cut off his eyc-laflics^ 
*' that he might not ilccp till he arrived at what ho 
*' wanted. His face was mufcular and fierce. Om 
** of his eyes, to cxtcrnril appearance, fecmcd to be 
'* a mafs of obfcurity (js he cxprefled it of HandePs^ 
** when he became ftark-blind), at Icaft it had not 
*' rhc onconmion vivacity of the other. His lan- 
" g'-'-^g'^ "'^s full of energy, but loaded with foreign 
'* idioms. His converfation was feafoned fufficiently 
" with fatire and irony, which he was not afraid to 
■' difplay, thdiigh he ought never tj have forgot 
** that he was once a proper fubjeft for it. He 
"built; he planted; he had almoft 'from the' 
" Cedar of Lebanon to the hyffbp that growcth 
" upon the wall,' in his hoc-boufc, green-houfe, 
" and garden. If he was not deep in every art and 
" fcicnce (for even bis long life was not fufficient 
" for univcrfal attainment), he cannot be reckoned 
" to hare been ignorant of any thing. He was ad- 
" mired 



[ 4«9 ] 

" mired for his knowledge in arcbitcSure, Jo gar- 
" dening, and in botany, by there who ll.ojid have . 
" been above flattery. But praife, from whatever. 

f ■ • ^\ 

" quarter it comes, is oi an in'oxicaiing nsiurc. j 

* Thole who found out that he loved praife tookJ 
'* care he fhould have enough oF it. He kept j Vvi^ 
" of the wretched and the indigent, whcm iic toi 
" ftantly maiotaitied ; and ihetr names in'cht bfej 
** written alpbabeiically. The [.-oor of SiutbftmftM 

'^ know ihev have loft their beft friend, tallii^ 
'■* reader, oftemation or vaotly, if you wiU ; but till 
" you know it did not proceed from 1-js goodneul 
™ of heart, this tiibutary jien conCiic.-s His giving 
■* away his money to rericve the necetEious. a* a 
'* fpark of the fpiiit of the Man ofRrfs.fii tne ^Tao 
' of Batb. He was all his life too much addiScd 
■* to amours, and fometiraes with the lower [>ait of 
'thefcx. His coaverfation, which he was atwf.i\"« J 
' able to make entertaining and inflniAive, was too 3 
' often t'mdured with dsuhU entendrt (a vice 
' incrcafcs with age), but hatiily ever with pro^*] 

* phanenefs. He may be thought to have copietl 

* Hermppm, and to have confidcrcd women as the 
' prolongcrs of life. Ho.v lar he was made a dupe 

* by any of ihem at laft, is not neceflary for relation. 
'* He died, as he lived, without fear; for to his 

* flanders-by he gave no fign of a f ufflcd mind, or 
■ a difturbed coofcietice^ in bis laft monicnts. 

*' Impartial." 

C 47° 3 

** If the preceding memoir of St. Andre had not 
** been compofcd entirely from memory (a faculty 
*' which, like the ficve of the DanaidSf is apt (o lofe 
•* as much as it receives), and had not been convejt^ 
•* to the prefs with l*o niuch precipitancy, the writer, j 
** by a fecond recollection, might have made fup-, J 
f plemcmary anecdotes id's neceflary. Whilft S/^l 
•' Jni/re was b.iiking in the fun-fhinc of public fa-- 
'* vour in I\oribuiub(rlanJ-C''Url , near Charing-Crofs. 
^' under pretence of being wanted in his profcOioa 
** at fome houfc in the neigh l)oi:rhood, he was hur- 
*' ried through fo many p^li'agfs, and up and down 
** fo many f^air-cafes, that he did not know where he 
•* was, nor what the untoward fcene was to end in. i 
" till the horrid conclufion prefented itfelf, of whict 1 
" he publiflicd an extraordinary account in The Ga- 
^' zette of Felf. 23, 1724,5, no icfs than of his being 
'* poifoncd, and of his more extraordinary recovery. 
** Such uncommon men muft be vifiied through life 
*' with uncommon incidents. The bowl of poifon 
*' muft have been for ever prefent to his imagina-. 
" tion. Socrates himfetf could not expeft mort; 
"certain deftruftion from the noxious draught he 
** was forced to tnke down, than fcemed inevitable 
*' to St. Andre. Nay, a double death fccms to have 
** threatened him. Probably it was not any public or 
5* private virtue, for which Socrates was famous, and 
*• which occafioned him to fuflVr, that endangered 
*' our heios life. His conflitution was fo good, 
f5 that he got the better of the infernal potion, Thf 
«' truth- 


C 47> ] 

* truth and circiimftanccs of the (lory could onl;^ 
' be known to himfelf, who autheniicaced it upon 

* oalh. His narrative partakes of the marvellous; 
' and the reader oi July^ 1781, is left in total igno- 
' ranee of the aitor, and the provocation to fuch a 
' barbarous termination. His cafe was reported, 
■* and he was attended, by the ableft of the faculty : 
" and the Privy Council itlued a reward of two hun- 
" dred pounds towards a difcovery. A not« in the 
" ficond fupplcmental vokmie ,of Swift infarmcd. 
" the writer of this (kciclv, a day or two ago (■ 
" takes to himfflf tl-vc reproof of Prior, ' AutborS^^ 
" before they write, fhould read !"), that St. AndN 
" was convinced be had been impol'ed upon refpeft- 
" ing the woman of Codalm'tn, and that ,he apolo- 
" gifcd handfomely to the pubhc in an advertifc- 
*' nient, dated Dec. 8, J726. — ' He's half abfolv'd, 
" who has -confeft.' — In the autumn, before rhe heat 
*' of the towTi-talk on this affair was over, he was 
*' fent for to attend Mr. Pipe, who, on his return 
" home from DawUy iii Lord Bolingiroke's coach 
*• and fix, was overturned in a river, and loft the ufc 
*' of two fingers of his Ictt-hand (happy for the 
*' lovers of poetry chcy were not the fetvants of the 
*' right one'), and gave him afiiirance, that notie of 
*' the broken glafs was likely 10 be fatal to him. It 
" is highly improbable, that Fupe and Bo/in^dreke 
■" would have fuffered St. Andre to have come near 
*' them, if he had been branded as a cheat and ao 
" impollor. He died in A/iTiri-, 1776, having fur- 

11 h 4 " vivcd 

J - 

'"■ %£1 

C 47' 3 

" vived all his contemporary enemies, and, which la 
** the coDfequence of living long, moft of his ancient 
** friends. Such men do not arife cvfsy day for our 
'* cenfure or our applaufe ; to gratify the pen or the 
** pencil of charaOer or caricature. He may be 
" confidered, as Voltaire pronounces of Charles tho 
•* Twelfth, an extraordinary, rather than a great 
" man, and fitter to be admired than imitated. 

" Impartial." 

Id the firft place, I avow that the epithet noterioas 
was not meant to be employed in the milder fenfc of 
Lord Clarendon. Had I undertaken to compile the 
life of a man eminent for virtue, I fhould have been 
happy to have borrowed the fofter application of the 
aforefaid term from our noble hiHorian. But having 
engaged to delineate a mere impotlor's charafler, 
there is greater propriety in adopting the difputcd 
word with that conftant fignification affixed to it by 
the biographers of Bet Cannings or Fanriv the Phan- 
tom of Cock Lane. — I ihall abfolve myfelf no farther 
from the charge of " malice," than by obferving 
that there are always people who think fomewhat 
much too rough has been /aid of Chartres. 

The dead, declares our apologifl:, deferve juftice 
' • as well as their furvivors. This is an uncontefled 
truth ; nor will the precept be violated by me. I 
may obferve however, with impunity, that the intc- 
refls of the living, for whofe fake a line of fL-para- 
tion between good and bad cbara^crs is drawn, Ibould 


r 473 ] 

te confulted, rather iban the memories of the fiagR 
.tious, who can no longer be affefled by human praife 
or ceofure, flioiild be fparcd. 

Our apologift next aflures lis, that perhaps more 
tenderners is due to a foreigner than to a native. 
The boafted amor patria is not very conCpicuous in 
this remark, which indeed was dropped, to as Uttle 
purpofc, by a learned counfel on the trial of the 
Fiencb Spy who was lately executed. 

" Next to his countryman Heidegger" adds our 
apologift, ** Mr. Si. Andre becanK the moft conjider^ 
•* able perfou that has been imparted from SzuUzer~ 
'* land," To judge of the comparative vaUie of the 
latter, we miin: cftimate the merits of the former. 
Hddeg^er is known to us only bj' the uncommon ug- 
linefs of his vifage, and his adroitncfs in conducing 
. Operas and Mafqucrades. If St. Andre is to be re- 
garded as a pcrfon ftill kfs confideruble than Heidegger, 
can his confequence be rated very high ? 

That St. Andre arrived here in a menial ftition, is 
not improbable. The fervility of his youth afforded 
a natural inrroduitlon to the infolence of his riper 
years. He was indeed (if I am no: mis-informed) 
of the fame farfiily with the fencing and dancing- 
raafter whom Drydcn has immortalized in Alfaf- 

*' Si. Andre's feet ne'er kept more equal time * ;" 
-and was intended for the fame profelllons ; a clrcmn- 
ftance often hinted at by his opponents during the 

* Sec alfj Drydcn' i Limbtrham, er the ICnJ Ketfer, Afl III. 


[ 474 ] 
felt coatroverfy. Having been thus early lo- 
ftrudted in the management of the foil and kitt, no 
marvtl that he fo otten prated about tke art of de- 
fence, or that " his gratitude to his bcncfaftors" 
broke out in the language of a minuet or a rtgadoon. 
That he became famous enough in his profcfljon 
to have anatomical works occafionally dedicated to 
him, will eafily obtain credit among our apologift's 
readers ; for many of them muft have feen a book. 
on furgcry infcribed to Dr. Rock, a political poem 
addreiTed to Buckborfcj and a treaiife on religion 
Iheltering itfelf under the patronage of the late Lord 
Baltimore. St. Andr^, however, was not the earlieft 
reader of anatomical leftures in London. Buffterc, 
the furgeon who attended Cuifcard (the alTaflia of 
HarUy), was our hero's predeceffbr in this office, and 
I am told even he was not the firft who offered public 
inftruftions to the ftudents at our hofpitals. Dr. 
Hunter, who has been applied to for intelligence on 
this occaCon, declares that he never defcribed St. 
Andre as " the wonder of his time," but as a man 
who had paflcd through no regular courfe of (ludy, 
and was competent only in the article of Injections, 
a taJk as happily fuitcd to minute abilities as to 
thofe of a larger grafp. ^_ 

jEm'fUum circa tudum faber tmus ct ungues ^H 
Exprimat, el molles imitabitur are capiilos. ^| 
The art of pufliing fluids through the veflcis was 
^t that period a fecret moil fcrupuloufly kept by the 
few who were in poITclTion of it, fo that a great fhow 


[ 475 J 

might be made at the cxpcnce of I'lifle real know- 
ledge. I am alfo informed, ihdt St. J ui't^, like the 
workman delcribcd by Hifdce^ had no general com- 
prehenfion of any fubjcd, but was unable to have 
put two propofirions together : — that he neither ex- 
teoded the bounds of the chlrurgical art by dtfoo- 
verics, nor performed any extraordinary curci; and, 
boalling fomewhere rhat he h;id deiedeii vcflcU ia 
the cuticle or, a foreigner of eminence m 
the fan^e profclTioti offered (through tlie medium of 
3 printed book) to lay him a wager of it, a ch.illrnge 
which he prudently declined. I am alfo told, liiaC 
when folicitcd to exhibit his preparations, !ic aUvayi 
declared the majority of them to have biicn diliroyed 
in a fire. What remain, 1 am inrtruftcd to add, dc- 
ferve little or no commendation. Thus, on enquiry, 
finks our " enthufiaft in an.itomy" down to a frigid 
dabbler in the fcisncc ; while his " noble prcpara- 
*' tions, which he was continually improving," dwin- 
dle into mtnutia: of fcarce any value. 

Though the dreadful crime, which is indiftinflly 
mentioned in the text of the foregoing pamplilcl, has 
been alluded to with lefs rekrve by the apologid of 
St. Jndie, it Ihall be explained no furthtr on the 
prefent occaCon. Many arc xixe common avenues to 
death ; and why {hould.we point out with minutencfi 
fuch as we hope will never be explored again ? Till 
I pcrufed the defence fo often referred to, I bad not 
even fufpedcd that the " poifoniog wife" » bore the 

* The wordi of Pppt arc the poi^Mung damt." See Epi- 
logoc lo tm Satires, DUI. IL. v. jt. 



teaft alluSoD to any particular clrcumAance on tbc 
record) of criminal ^lUrtryj nor, uiihout fironger 
proofs than arc lurniflied by this cxpreflion (perhaps 
a ranJtxn onc^, flull I be willing to allot the (inallcft 
ihare of blame lo the Lady, fuch alone excepted as 
mull unavoidably aril'e from her orer-hafty marriage, 
which Aas folemnlzed at Hi^ffin near HaunJIvu^ in ABd- 
dUjfXj on the 27thof JW^r, 1730. This set, how* 
ever, as well a? litr derogation from rank, being 
mere offmccs againft human cufloms, arc cognizable 
only upon earth. — By " the wifer and more candid 
** part of mankind," who fofpcficd no hann 
throughout St. Andre's condyft in this affair, I fup- 
pofc our apologift means any fct of people who had 
imbibed prejudices finiibr to his oi\n, and ihoughl 
and f[X)ke about his hero with equal partiality and 
tcndcrmTs. But the Memoir on which thefe remarks 
are- founded, prove? at Icaft that what J. N. had 
hinted concerning the dtath of Mr. Molymux *, wa« 


• Whilft the above psge wa( prcpaiia^ far the fecond edt- 
lion of thii worV, the foilowiag paniculart of this gentleman"* 
family appeared in rhc public prime : " .Mr. 3/i^«n"r, wbo 
wai equally llie friend of liberty and liceraiiire, was founilev 
of a locieiy in Inland, in imitation of the Roy^l (as »» hit 
nephew, the Rev. Dr. 3£>/^, r,i \\ic Dablm Society]. Hii 
geniua was celebtated by Le^h, and other iiget of ihofe days; 
and his patriotifm was rewarded with the fucceflive rcprcfen- 
Ution of the City and Uoiverfity of Oailin, with other pofi« 
of great iruft, from the Revolution to bit death. He married 
the diiughtcr of Sir IflUiam Dtmviffe, attorney -genera I of ire- 
lanJ in the reign of CharUi the Second, and niece of Sir fbtm^t 
heaki, of CiJindflj in MlJMe/ex, by whom he hid an only Ibn, 
Sattuel Meffseux, Eft); fccictary to hii latcMajelly when Prince 


[ 477 ] 

of no recent invention. So far from it indeed, tbaf 
Sf. Mdre was openly taxed with having been the 
fole caufe of It, in a public news-paper (I think one * 
of tbe Gazetteers), by the Rev. Dr. Madden^ the 
celebrated hip patriot, who fubfcribed his name to 
his advertifem^nt. It is related (I know not how 
truly) that on this account our hero profecuted and 
" got the better of his adverfary," whofe accufaiion 
was unfupporied by fuch procafs as the ftriiftnefs of 
law requires. How many culprits, about whofe guilt 
neither judge nor jury entertains the fmallefl fcruple, 
efcape with equal triumph through a fimilar defeft 
of evidence ! 1 may add, that fo ferious a charge 
would never have been lightly made by a divine of 
Dr. Madden's rank and character. 

All that is faid on the fubjeft of family honours 
to which St. Andre was entitled, his gratitude to his 

of H'aUit a lord of the Admiralty, and mcmiier of parliament 
both in Gnal- Britain nuA /rcland, whj rcfembled"his iUuIlriooi 
father in his purfuits of philofophical knowledge, which he 
many yiar», until engaged in political bufineft, profecuted 
* wicli great applicaiion at his feat at Kav, now his Majefly'*, 
and prefcnted a lelel'cope of his own conftrudion to ihe King 
oi Pariugal; h\i fcrliafi fatal acquaintance with and patro- 
nage of Hi. Aaiiri vi\\\ make his name long remembered. 
Leaving no ilTue by his wife, who married St. j^aJri, and lived 
many years, the ellaie of Mr, MolyncHx fell at her death to 
his coufin-geriTian and her god-fon, the right honourable Sir 
C^el Moljutux, memlter at prefent of the /'tA parliament, 
and a privy-counfellor, only furviving fon of Mr. MalyHtux 
falher's next brother, Sir Thomas Malymur, barr, vihom, 
through regard for hii nephew, his late Majefty created rhc- 
fitft Iiijl< baronet upon his accefflon to tlic throne." * 


C «*» 1 

I V gi If.ufcw^ SBK Xf 1 

C 479 ] 

Gafionally niifled, his errors were foon abforbed io' 
the blaze of his moral and literarj; excellence. Si, 
Jndre'i blunder, alas ! had no fuch happy means of 
redemption. His credulity indeed was not confined 
to this fingle tranfai^ion. The following is a well- 
attefted ftory — Two gentlemen at Southampton, who 
felt an inclination to banter him, broke a nutfhell 
afqnder, filled the cavity with a large fwan-ihot, and 
clofed up the whole with glue fo nicely that no 
marks of reparation could be detcdcd. This curio- 
fity, as they were walking with St. Audi/, one oF- 
them pretended to pick up, admiring it as a niif 
ancommonly heavy as well as beautiful. Our hero 
fwallowed the bait, diflefted the fubjett, difcovercd 
the lead, but not the impofition, and then proceeded 
to account philofophically for fo ftrange a phjcnome- 
non. The merry -wags could fcarce reftrain their 
laughter, and foon quitted his company to enjoy the 
fuccefs of a ftratagem they had fo adroitly pra&ifed 
on his ignorance and culiibility. 

Were there any colour for fuppofing he bad pa- 
tronized the fraud relative to Mar^ Tofts, with defigft 
to ruin others of his profeflion (an infinuation to ht» 
difcredit, which the foregoing pamphlet had not fur- 
riflied), it was but jufl: that he Ihould fall by his 
own malevolence and treachery. From the imputa- 
tion of a fcheme refembling tiiat contrived by the 
Duke of Montagu, his want of equal wit will fufS< 
cicntly abfolve him. ., 

5 Tl 



mfobte wfacpc be <fiied, a « Srai 
aUMam gmd to Urn tr^ lasaaaaiaea. 
far fiatUr nafixHy had be bcEs fazed widi ais Irf 
ttlorft is Laidm (due bis ov^ds of aesn^ ad^c 
deape an equal iiodc), lua jmawjamj woold ode 
have uiled aof phyfican mmed 9*077x1 m {us bed- 
ftfe, rummoaed an attorne^r hota Ctm^ Omrt Gan 
Inn CO tnvc made his vtU, ac icac for tbe Re?. Mc 
Bmmf xo pny by btau Tbe bgtrflimenr oi aboit^ 
bowerer, from a acighbourbood cbar aSwds tboa 
m rbe b^eft per fe& oa, wsi a dramifiaace tktt 
mtgbc as juAIy bavc been oxnplamcd of, as i^fi;^^ 
f«// prohibition of beans, bad n been pubGibed ia 
S^afitrjkiri. I hcarril; wiih that tbe cnprnifannal 
sutbor of the precediag eptfile, to iciieve anjr 'j q^^h r^ 
bjr obich futurity nuf be perplexed, b^ mfonned 
m wbctber St. Andri was aa eater of toaficd cbede, 
or not i and '\i it was never afked for by its furnrry^ 
title of 2 Welch Rabbit wiihta bis hearing. 

That be wrote 207 thing, unlcft by proxy, or wkfc 
macb alljdacce, may reaJbnabty be floubtcd ; for the 
patnpblcti that pafs under bis nanic arc diTcfted cf 
ihole foreign idioms that marked his coarcriadoa. 
Indeed, if I may beliere Ibme fpecimens of his pri- 
vaK corrcfpondcnce, be was unacquainted with tbe 
very otihography of our language. The infolence 
*f this fliallov/ Swifxefi attempt to banter \ffaj, we 
may imagine, was treated with coniempt, as the 
Vorlt dcfcribcd has not been handed down to us ; and 


[ 48i ] 
few trails are permitted to be fcarce for any other 
rcafon than becaiife they are worthlefs. 

It is next remarked by our apologifl, that St. An- 
dre's " confidence, &c. made him fuperior to all 
" clamour ; and fo that people did but talk about 
" him, he did not feem to care what they talked. 
•' againft him." This is no more, in other language, 
than to declare that his impudence and vanity were 
well proportioned to each other, and that a bad cha- 
racter was to him as welcome as a good one. He 
did not, it feems, join in the Poet's prayer. 

Grant me an honeft fame, or grant mc none! 
but was of opinion, as his apologift likewife admits, 
that wealth was an ample counterbalance to the lofs 
of reputation. — That he might; evade accufation (as 
I have already oblerved) in one particular inllance, 
and therefore recover damages, is no proof of his 
innocence, that his general condudt would admit of 
defence, or that much of the manifold cenfure 
palTed upon him had no foundation. 

How Lord Pf/crioroH^/j happened to become his 
patron, &c. may be accounted for without any great 
degree of credit to cither party. His lordfliip (as 
lord Orrery obfcrvcs) '* in his private life and con- 
'■ duft differed from mod men ;" and, having often 
capricious dlfputes with the court, was furc to favour 
thofe who, like St. Andre, had been difmifled from 
its fervicc. Our hero's mufical talents, indeed, if 
they were fuch as they have been rcprcfented, might 
procure him acccfs to his lordfhip and many other 
I i noble 


Sb J fKw J ff jddb^ dot Ik was iifiud b^ mK 
tniin^ii jod faeyen . fc wiB befappoteJ tbm 
fwc bw fc oB fc ms acvcr ftu Hum confMif . Iti^ 
«e Mc mbcr tbiL, dw tf be aas X Mf DOK fiK^c 
afirr bf thdc f c x eg pac wortUrs &c. k «ss lirtrft 
the fccepcn of nmaid mifcf fc» of bcenfipg-houfa 
had been inflrnded to tSfeniBue mraffire cils of 
hi* ** capacity in all kiodf," his cariuGrin aod good 
dtnocn ? BcSdcs, all forrigiicrs who bave arriTcd m 
Enflaad bare not travelled to Sca:baaipttMy and ooo- 
iirqtiently could not bare fecn St. Mdre^ wfao far 
upwards of the la(i tweotr years of bis lilie bad ic- 
ftded on))' there. Jt is nearer the innh lo ^y, ibac 
not a 6ngle Frerubmanf i^c. ia &hy iboaland, crcr 
beard of bis name. 

That " his profeflion as a furgeon, in a reafooable 
" term of years, would probably have put more 
" money in hit pocket" than be gaineJ by bit union 
with Lady Belly Melyneux (i. c. > 30,000. a fum that 
elevated him iolo a (bic litilc fhort of madnef^), I 
cannot believe. The blaft his reputation had received 
rcfpcdtng the bufincfs at Godalming^ being fecoaded . 

C 483 ] 

by his expulfion from court, he muft have felt his 
bufinefs on the decline. Indeed, I am told that he 
ftaid long enough in town to try the experiment. 
Marriage therefore might liavc been his dernier rtjort. 

The exaggerations of this impoflor's genetofity and 
accompliniments, which are next brought forward 
by his pancgyrill with no fmall degree of pomp, are 
fuch as we may fuppofe himfelf would have furnifti- 
ed, had he undertaken, like the Chevalier TayioTj to 
compile his own memoirs. The majority of cir- 
cumftanccs collected for the purpofe of proving him 
to have been 

Grammalktts, rhetor, geometresy pi£}or, al'tptiSf 

Augur, fchanohales, medicus, viagus, 
could only have been derived from thofe very flatter- 
ing tcftimonials to his merits which he was always 
ready to exhibit on the flighteft encouragement. 
Thofe who were content to admit fo partial an efti« 
mate of his abilities, &c. found it neceffary to exprefa 
their belief that he could have beaten tlereuUs at 
quoits, played a better fiddle than Apollo, out-wit- 
ted Mercury, difarmed the God of IVar, and forged 
fuch cheniic thunders, that, compared with the pro- 
duce of our hero's laboratory, the bolts oi Jove 
were no louder than a pot-gun. So far was he from 
being deficient in commendation of his own talents, 
that he thought his very furniture might claim a 
proportionable extravagance of praife. He was pof- 
fefled of fome foreign tapeftry which he was proud 
on all occafions to difplay. But the eulogiums of 
I i 2 others. 


I z 

fcsd^a^ taw <■ 

hni j>rftefcaa«i 

fawdici9nv«f Ai^fa^/ibnm. NoMsva 

wri li^mcr. iif TT fa^.nrmtrff iif ilibIiw. 
U am ti imtya mat t*'ttabaf9bScatkf (mm- 
vidiAjwfiiie dK fltbcx^ like tkK of Ljdr Ftmmm- 
sWi Gceac Aoar, m^K. be a pimxr), peri upa ke 
00^ to IttTc beta fjpaniE of bit fiMire od die pcr- 
lowl di&draacagn of ha a r g miwan cfc Teiv Ac 
lift time oif iafonntoc law btm vas ic tbe Tbeacre 
at SMabm^UBf vhoe, finiag aear a gCDlleiiiaa and 
Uij DOC fcmarkabk ibr baocUbaie £kcs, be bad ibc 
modrftjr to expre£i a doubt (snd in a voice frfficwuriy 
audible) wbUh of the two woold funiHb the soft, 

[ 485 ]■ 

Mr. 5/. Andri's apologift obferves, that " he can* 
*' not be reckoned to have been ignorant of any 
*' thing." But the contrary may juftly be fufpedted', 
and for no inconclufive reafon. I aver, that on 
whatever fubjeft he was haranguing, the moment he 
difcovered any of the company prefent underftood it 
as well 33 himfelf, he became filent, never choofing 
to dcfcanc on art or fcience but before people whom 
he fuppofed to be utter ftrangcrs to all their princi- 
ples. For this reafon, he would have entertained Sir 
Jojhua Reynolds with remarks on the genera and cul- 
tivation of plants, and talked to Linn(SUi about the 
outline and colouring of pJtSurcs. 

That he died poor (for fuch was really the cafe), 
ihould excite no aftoniihment. His fortune, like his 
good qualities, was chiefly in fuppoficion. Much of 
his wealth he had expended on buildings, which he 
never long inhabited, and afterwards fold to difad- 
vantage. His firft eflays in arcliitefture were made 
at Cbepflozv on the Severn, an eftate purchaUd by 
Lady Betty Molyneux Immedia'cty after thj deatli of 
her hufband. In ftiort, our hero was a fugitive in- 
habitant of I'everal counties, and never fettled till he 
reached Seuthampton ; for in no other place did he 
meet with that proportion of flattery which was need- 
ful to his happinefs, if not to his exiflence. — About 
a mile from hence he erefted the whimfical baby- 
houfe dignified by him with the title of BcU Vue, 
a receptacle every way inconvenient for the purpofea 
of a family. Being once afkcd if this was not a very 
I i 3 fliiguUr 



1^ C ^ J 

■ fapiix ■ii f iii . -'-Sie't'?' ("*«=• *>) ' 

■ "«?— Ili»fi»»,«rl— ^«yJk<w' iT 

^B OCT xoBcenK^r nw iBeKi dcay ib niBiyiaMfeCGasBB 

crer be * adaurad ibr bb Laovledge is «cfaiBoS»^~ 
escrpc bf focb ai kaew ooc vhona ks cxcrOaBdcs 

COBliBCo^ lie Bad, oiMiCTa'f aBoncrilvciBiE vibm 
ibc valb of die torn akcxlj M ta riot J . Hetc he 
ivetendeil that Ini upper apanments «nc liimhIbI 

mfa rark kf» which be ooIt wanted fpaee to rafaJhir, 
BoCy alas ! after his deceaie, Mr. CbrU^* anfiioa- 
room bore Au od aiit winic& u> the frivoKry «f hot 
colkdioiK. What became of his boofied Bbnry of 
book*, which he always ^d was packed up in boxes, 
I am yet to learn. Perhaps it exited aoly in his 
defcription *. 

** Tbofe who found out be loved praifc (iii\s bis 
apologil^ took care fac ihould have mougfa of it.** 
I (Jifcover little caufc for difputing this aflenioo, 
and Oiall only obten'e on ii, that adulitioo is a com- 
modity which weak old roco, reputed rich, and with- 
out oflenfible heirs, are feldotn in danger of wanting, 

* I am affurcd, on unr|ucfUonnb1e auihonty, that Mr. St. 
AUri had a nluabic library in the clatfef of Natnnl Uif- 
tory and Mcdicbc. A caiaioguc trf ii, drjwa up bj Mr. 
B. WhUt, it now in the poffcffion of Mr. Si. A^iiCt executor, 
lijr whnRi it it rcfetvcd for the benefit ot miaori, 

3 though 

[ 487 3 

though they may not enjoy (o much of it as fell to 
St. /fuJre's fhare. 

His dilbiirfcnicnrs to the poor might he iiropor- 
tioned to the real flate of his fortune ; but yet they 
were condudtcci with excefs of oftentatlon. He may 
be faid to have given ihillings away with more parade 
than many other men would have fhown in the dif- 
tribution of as many guineas. — What honour his 
apologifl: means to confer oh him by faying that ' 
" the names of thofe whom he maintained might be . 
" written alphabetically," is to me a fecret, becaule I 
names of every kind may be arranged according to ^ 
the feries of the letters. — Sufpedted characters, how- 
ever, often ftrive to redeem themfelvesby afll'ftation 
of liberality. Few are more generous than opulent 
wantons toward their decline of lite, who thus at- 
tempt to recover that refpcdt which they are confci- 
ous of having forfeited by the mil'deeds of their 
youth. The benefaiftions of fuch people may in , 
truth be confidered as expiatory facrlfices for pall 
offences, having no Ibundation in a natural propen- 
fity to relieve the indigent, or indulge the heart in 
the nobleft luxury, that of doing good. 

5/. Andre was accufed in J. JV'j pamphlet of hav- 
ing frequently larded his pleafantry with obfcene ex- 
preffions. This is a truth which his defender makes 
not the flightcft effort to deny j but adds, that his 
converfation was hardly ever tintSurcd with prophane-,1 
nefs. We hence at leaft may infer that our hero's I 
humour had fometimcs this imperfeftlon, which in- 
I i 4 deed \ 

Mud «irfi Em nbddfr* 1>» « 

fitrfbofc IriiB, aor had bee -mKdtaa£rii cxbo^ 

(ion of btf oiaier. B^ It So Liu a m. bs soes tioai 

. tiK fiwni of fieadv vijme cxxild 3«e das -'obp^Kp- 
^ >fnfKHkw^ liaa filcnee. N<Kwgfaftiniii«^ viBc 
llM been already laiil coocennng dnc iadiieiEacc fio 
CcnAire -which a p pe ar e d in him amanii the sxl qf 
hi* life, I am mif^nformed, if at sn csritcr fv 
he imt able to brave die ridicule o( the place 3 
be had been once employed and carcfl cd . 
(he impucalifMit conrrqiimr on bb marriage, &c. ] 
fcfld^rM him ftill left an objc3 of refprfi, hen 
with h)« bride, and amafcd himtelf ac a Ji£ 
IjOndtm with additMMis to bis hcuie, ami knpi 
menu m hn garden ; nor did he appear in | 
apfii rill what was known atul fur'pcdcd of him li 
ceafed to be ihc ohjcd of general ciujulry anJ i 

It i» difficult for a pro/Iigare man of an i 
eAnflitinion to grow old wiib dtxcncy. 7- 
pamf'hict had taxed 5r. ^Ti/r/ with lafcivioufii 
'unbecoming hi* vear*. This is lilcntl)- admiitcd I 
hli flpoIoRin, who adds, that the inirigucs of hi»' 


C 4S9 ] 

hero were " fometimes with the lower part of the 
" fex." He gives us reafon alio to fiiifport thit our 
antiquated enamorato was a dupe to IcniaL-s iti the 
very Uft ftage of a life fo unufually protratftcd, Is 
iSl. Andre's memory much honoured by fuch revela- 
tions ? Do not circumftauces liKc thcfe incre;ifc that 
ftock of " injurious infinuations" which our apolo- 
gill profcfles to-diminitti ? 

Our panegyrlft, more than once in the courfc of 
his letter, has cxprefled himl'elf in favourable terms 
of Si. Andrfs colloquial talents. Now, as the me- 
mory of my entertaining opponent in rcfp^ift to cif-' 
cumllances is remaikably tenacious, 'tis pity he has 
prefervcd no fplendid chullicion of his hero's wit, no 
fample of that falire and irony that feafoncd his con- 
verfation, or of that wifdom which fo often rendered 
it inftruftive. I flatter myfelf, that if any fpecimcns 
of thcle dillinft excellencies could have been recol- 
Icftcd, they would certainly have been arranged and 

That S/. AndiJ zji^\T€A without figns of terror, 
but a doubtful proof of his innocence. Being, at 
bcft, a trec-thinkcr, he might regard death as anni- 
hilation, might have been infenfible to its immediatft' 
approaches, or have encountered it with a conftitu- 
tional firmnefs that was rather tiic gift of nature than 
the refult of confcience undifturbed. He who is 
become indifferent to the vaiue of reputation, will 
not eafily be inclined to fuppofe that a want of the 
virtues on which it is founded wil} be puoiflied in 
a future Aate. 

7 . THE 


t 490 3 

. wfaolc oarradve, pnfaUitcri by St. Atfg' or 
•jx^ 9KB c onfi d cTe d b^ Itts cooiEmpofahis as an 

^1kapitiimtm.Mfrh^aA^ tmaOEdaBfaf CD tEnkr UiB. 

be temeoibcTaiv dac (ra ^y o fci M W were aft liid^ 
^^)^q <Hl- Q8CB f 3ilil ?^ ff - DcnifF iruirftt wtci faCii^ B^ 
ttify i tttyr o hah te (br bis 3f6iaff& aUann **■ thcf 
* KMCita! af dlB marveikHO, obcumi m ciafic 
fas ^ woddf a (ii&iiinir pcooc of dw effimxaoa. 
■twftadfc fcii— otc&aiaftn- wa bddbv the people 

pemki (fer ifcc cablia i^n bod doc jm dcdided an 
■t} ne pdBEKn ■ifer witt uusiclt as 
e flivj-CDUEKii in bis 
caofc Tb^ p t'W il y caa>^^ aunfaiicJ ed ofier & 
tun libicfc they angbi bote becB isc soold Dcver 
be dnBandea. AD cbc poiin be ns ever fiipp^d 
■>b*ve fiAzcdboDia «as fiicb as b caa^HO^ aA- 
V aaBpOBg TcUck tboH ■ ghfc af 

* Twas cbjc wbkb cms ibe linciEft 
* And n ^ Aapc of Lenc ddbofs.' 
Tbcbore in to ri o n of Siffate is i iiihim| 
» pf ct cDtfad Tidia as Sr. AaU^ < 
dK nader 6n3e. 

Bat " He's batf iUblvM wboks cnrftftM,* 
s bis adnicaiB^ IpcakiBgaf ibe 

C 49» ] 

Andre made by public advertifement. Yet, what 
didheconfcfs? Why, what all the world concurred 
to believe, that he had been grofsly impofed on ; or 
perhaps that, out of two evils choofing the leaft, he 
allowed himfelf to be a fool, that he might efcape 
the imputation of having proved a knave. His ab- 
folution therefore was not obtained on the moft cre- 
ditable terms. He adds, however, on this emer- 
gency, a frelh proof of his difpofition to deceivt. 
" I think myfelf obliged (fays he) in JiriB regard 
*' to truth, to acquaint the public that I intend, in a 
*' Jhort time, to publlfh a full account of the difco- 
" very, with fome con ([derations on the extraordU 
*' nary circuniftances of this cafe, which mifled me 
** in my apprehenfions thereof; and which, as 1 hope 
" they will, in feme mcafure, excufe the miftafces 
"made by myfelf and others who have vificcd the 
" woman concerned therein, will aifo be acceptable 
" to the world, in feparating the innocent from thofe 
** who have been guilty actors in the fraud." This 
work was never publlftied, though St, Andre fur- 
vived his promife by the long term of fifty years. So 
much for the faith thus folemnly pledged by an im- 
poftor to the public. 

After the accident had befallen Mr. Pope, on his 
return from Dawley in Lord Bo/irrgiroie's coach, 
St. Andri was called In, becaufe he hap] cned to be 
the furgeon neareft at hand. No man chooles to be 
fcrupulous in the rhoment of danger. It might be 
urged that our hero had little to boaft on the oc- 


t «' 1 



^i«te mmKAim Ik, 

T»D iililr, I Cfc sKikaM 
l||lllHJtj»*c OtktHm tfmt 

An iBkc*. 


VIL [See pu 137.1 

ItiE fciodne6 of 3 6ieBd hts cnfakd bc » I7 

More tlK leader fane cxtzafis frooi dte feanx 
pw^kt meiifi o f J k [b 137. T^ fellowk<^ 
tt die cxjd tkk of k : " A Leorr liniai s ^- 
** nAioorr of Si. Cmea Dmaa, to tbe Sj^ 
** Reremul FmIw b God Edmaml, Locd BiAop 
« of tenjtfif o cca fion cd b]r kis Lordfiiip's cnifiag 
**tbe Pidnre otct the Altar to be akcD down. 
•^ With 

[ 493 ] 
" With fome Obfervations on the Ufe and Abufc 
" of Church Paintings in Greneral, and of that 
*' Pifturc in particular. 

" Exodus, Chap, xxxii. Ver. 20. And he took 
" the Calf which they had made, and burnt it in 
" the Fire, and ground it to powder, and ftrawed it 
" upon the Water, and made the Children o£ 1/raei, 
" drink of it. ^ 

" LondcH, printed and fold by J. Roberts, in H^at^-^^M 
" zuick-Lane ; A. Dad, without Temple-Bar; and £«.^^n 
** Nut, at the Royal-Excbange. 1725. Price 6rf.'* 

After fome introduftory compliments to Eiftiop 
Gibforif the Letter-writer thus proceeds : " Of all 
*' the abufes your Lordfliiphas redreffed, none more 
** timely, none more acceptable to all true Protcft- 
" ants, than your laft injunifHon to remove that ri- 
*' diculous, fupcrftitious piece of PopiJh foppery 
" from over our communion-table ; this has gained. 
" you the applaufe and good will of all honed men, 
<* who were fcandalized to fee that holy place de- 
*' filed with fo vile and impertinent a reprefentation. 
" To what end or purpofe was it put there, but 
" to affront our mofl gracious Sovereign, by placing 
*' at our very altar the known refemblance of a 
" perfon, who Is the wife of his utter enemy, and 
" pcnfioner to the Whore of Babylon ? 

" When I fay the known refemblance, 1 fpeak 
" not only according to my own knowledge ; but 
*' appeal to all mankind who have ittn the Princefs 
*• Sebiefii, or any pifture or refemblance of her, 


i 494 1 J 

* if the piSurc of that angel in the white gar- 

* roent and blue mantle, which is there fuppofed to 

* be beating time to the mufick, is not ilirei^y a 

* great likenefs of that princcfs. This I infift on, 
' and will (land and fall by my aflertion, provided 

* they do not play any tricks with the pi^re, or 

* alter it for contradiftion fake now it is down. 

" Whether it was done by chance, or on purpofc, 

* I fhall not determine ; but be it which it will, it 

* has given great oHence, and your Lordfliip has 
< afljcd the part of a wife and good prelate to oidcr 

* its removal. 

" For furcly, fuch a pidurc is far unfit for fo (a- 

* cred a place; a place loo folemn for luch levities^ 
'* too awful to be made the receptacle of fuch trum- 

* pcry ; nay, admit it were not the rel'emblancc of 

* fuch a perfon, can any thing be more abfurd, tban 

* fuch a pifturc in fuch a place ! 
** But if it be the pifture of that perfon, what c 

' be more facriiegious, more impudently facrUen*n 
' ous, than to have our fani^uary defiled by tbofe 
' who make a mock of us and our holy religion ? 

* I mean, our inveterate enemies the Papifts, who 

* would fcruple to prophane no place, lb they might 

* Ihow their implacable hatred to our God, and our 

' King. 1 

" To our God, by making his holy altar th^j,' 

* fcenc of their ribaldry, to be approached with 

* wantonnefs and curiofity, by the (bns of Beltal^ 
■* who coaic there to decypher the dumb Ubcl, and 

" fiieer 


C 495 ] 

** {hecr at the piflured lampoon, which lacitly 
*' mocks the church, and openly affronts the flare. 

*' To our King, by placing the refemblance of 
" an avowed enemy to him and his religion, at the 
*' very altar, to ftand in view of a whole congrega- 
'* tion ; a thing, in my opinion, much more audaci- 
** ous, than the fctting up her ftatue in the public 
*' ftreets. 

" No wonder our church has been thronged with 
*' fpeftatois, to the great hindrance of divine wor- 
** fliip, and annoyance of the parifliioncrs, when tho(e 
*' crouds of irrevcrcnd perfons, which were ever 
*' pouring in, came not there to join in prayer with 
** the reft of the congregation, but to worfliip their 
" Popifli faint, and hug themfelves with the conceit 
" of being alone in the fecret. 

" But at laft the watch-word was blown, and the 
" true intent of their coming difcovercd. Then was 
*' it high time to complain to your l.ordfljip, when 
" difturbances became fo frequent, and the peace of 
" the church was fo manifeftly broken : that you, 
" like another Mofes, commanded the tinftured abo- 
" mination to be taken down, and no doubt but your 
** Lordftjip will call them to account who fet it up. 

" When your Lordfliip ftiall examine, who is the 
" painter, and of what principle ? how long he 
" had been from the Court of RonUy before he painted 
" that pifture ? and whether he brought no pi 
" turc, or refemblance, of the Princtfs Soblejli ov 
" with hira ? you will not repent of what you ha' 
*' doK. 




C «« 1 


k; •<:, « ^ I 

•fr wife 3 SOB «a dD» hmm faca iimiwim^ 

' fOM iMdftip'* nev, sd pn ;«■ m a p y w 

" bwoCB It HW l^niKS ^MCr, OHI pC0RH IB b>M|* 

"im t» OMKCc&if and Wiiijwui cxpeaea 6v 

«* liK rig|K poi0n'» door, aad be iktt (a tfeaa a* 
** wmkaa^^mptff iScm; far, nmr haBUeof*- 
•* aiDaftbcidKe needed aoakcndoa: kwaidecai^ ' 
'* epatvauan, *od indeed trnmatmal c a o u g ^ bHoae-; 
" tbcfc wM no taorc figo, or fcv of ds bi&ig, doa 
** diete was occafioa to talL£ it flown, tad depciic 
M the panib of a cooraueocy now very much ■■■ 
*' cd, 1 mean a little vefbyfoom, which was bchiad 
** the old commuaioa table, where the books, vcf- 
*• feb, aod Tcflmcutt of^ the church, were readf tt 

±, were readf <■ \^^ 


C 497 3 

*'iand, arid juft at the very altar; whertas tww 
** every thing is brought quite through the body of 
" the church, which in cafe of a croud (as of late 
*• has been but too frequent) is both tedious and in* 
" convenient to the laft degree, 

" But, notwith Handing this, it was refolutely taken 
" down, to gratify the pride and malice of fonje 
** perfons, who thirfted to eternize their names, and ( 
*' affront the government. What have been the con- i 
•* fequences of all this, but an eje-forc and heart- J 
*' burning to the honeft and loyal part of the inha* j 
" bitants, and a continual hurly-burly of loiterer^ \ 
*' from all parts of the town, to fee our Popifli raree- 
•* fliow ?" 

After a digreflion on the famous altar at While' 
(Aapei, in which Dean Rennet was fald to be fati- 
rlzed, and feme general dbfetvations on piAiires 
in churches, rhc Lcttcr^writer adds, " Never before 
'* was any Popifti faint put over the communion-table 
** in a Proteftant church. The Laft Supper, the 
•* Paflion, Crucifixion, or fome other incidents of \ 
" our BlelTed Saviour's life, are the general fubje<fbi 
" given to painters on thefe occafions ; but to have 
*' a concert of mufick, &c, (fuppofe it were not the 
" Pretender's fpOufe, and probably fome more of his 
" family, under the form of angels) is the nioft ab- 
*' rupt and foreign that I ever faw or heard of. 

*' Whatfurprizes membftis, that any of my fellorf J 
** parishioners (hould not only difpute your Lord-' 
** ftiip's commands, delay the execution of your juft 
K fc "injunction, 



*^mb4 aad opprcned, or jvarljtt^bf d 
*e^ Tha araA be tfae nafai ; ornvfac jpsfo^ 
«A< cbef tn«B wiifc »i cnnft ymm I ii jftiti^ 
"•RfcaKT? Ibc jvBatenDJaftaaHm^BeHy- 
'fiaBOKrbaE die ooft aBpaaaiy aid a» ^ai^ to 
* ^*e np JBf pOBK, wfaetetke poce of ifac CfcwUfc 
** utitmc kos^BVOC CDC Kn^ s t im'n neg. 

"inacvcr manuBs x in haBg Bfcea iluw» 
'iripEi diepHt of Adc ivfao fitk np; »d «&■- 
'cvir ofcadkir p>R^ mathadm t heiiifeNa » sid 

" OB 9^ u l yo jgnnt fi King iBDOvea ? Wbk 
" CM thej otfer fee haviag k icsaio ? Bur wk^X 
" aod wbr doc's- As, Why Jboold k be mnammit 
•* Wbff lun (fid k do ? WI17 fbcNdd fe i»xb 
** laaaef be Aiovn 2ir^ ? And, why cnigiit doc 
" due pfAnre be there as well as 307 achcr ? Wlif 
** doei TOUT Lordfiiip toterfere to the maiter ? TUk 
** wkh a glance of complaint at jroar Lordflip, and 
** feverc ia rcf ti T CT ^atoft thofe «bo foCckcd i^iK 
« iscerpoficion, calling ihan iofanDen, bufjr. for- 
** ward, nuichief-oiakiiig fellows, who bad better 
** mind their ova bofinds, and fuch like nbaldry* 
*< ta all tbey cm lajr for tbcmtclTc^. But tbeie ut 
** the wor0 realboi ia ibe woritl. acd invidious que- 
** rie* only to evade 10 argument, uid art not to be 
** idoitticd in adeb*ie<tf tkb aaiute, where a direft 

I 499 ] 

*' reafbn for, or againftj is required. But give m« 
•* leave, my Lord, and I will, in a few words, anfwer 
*' all their queries, which fecm Co weighty and for- 
** midable to the vulgar and ignorant. 

*' Why Ihould it be removed ? may be anfwered 
*• by another queftion, What buiinefs had it there ? 
" But as I fcorn fuch quibbling ways of reafoning, 
*' I fliall anfwer them, becaufe it is unfit for that 
*' facred place. If it is the Princefs Sobie^-Vs image, 
'* it is facrilegious and traitcrous, and therefore ought 
*' to be removed. If it is, as they fay, a choir of 
*' heavenly angels at a pra£tice of muiick, playing 
*' on earthly inftruments, it is impertinent and abfurd 
*• to the laft degree, and therefore ought to be re- 
*' moved from a place where the utmoft decorum 
** fljould be kept. 

" What hurt does it, fay they ? To which I an* 
*' fwer, it hurted or difturbed the peace of the 
** church, and was fo far hurtful, as we were hin- 
" dered or annoyed in our devotions ; it made a di- 
" vilion in the parilh, and was fo fat hurtful, as ic 
" tended to the breach of peace and good neigh- 
** bourhood ; and therefore I think it ought to be 
" removed, fince, not to anfwer them with a qucf- 
*' tion, but a common faying, it did hurt enough. 

" Why (hould fo much money be thtown away ? 
•^' Ay, there's the grievance ; but I {hall tell them, 
•• they may thank themfelves, it was the aft and 
« ijecd of their own cabal ; and though they might 
*' triumph and laugh in their fleeves for a while, 
K t a "yet 


* wm AoB JMf weuSkf «f fr ft 
"pircc, or af <b« piC 
"fesRHhioaa^MriBKpfidBKecai^vhic&yiy dhr 
•byc^aworiAieCMi* CiW ^ H ill , »— Km 

'nR^, «adb»beeacaft ■» Ttr T fc— t i ; ob^ m 
*iieTiiff0\BmK*, dtoMnt dvwB cbe bEHKL 

'bwaaftt «p jpmft thewgtrfihe ■iijiir yr 
•* of the porift, od Boc widMoc MDcb anBa^nd 
<* caa)pl»c t dmc waa jet a msdi gicMcr anivfey 
" for pi.<rmg it do^m > is cfacrefocK fe BtKh ■■■ef 
*■ is throfm tmnj, it is {nc^-cba porift fiwali'pqf k; 
" and, DO doubr. «bea foor f '■■*# ! ^[' caoKS ib fft- 
** quire by wbai auiooriry a fct of Bxa ixi dtt pa- 
** lilb fo much tn debc fee cheir own vbins^ ttd 
" vitlicKJt any maoixr of occafian, yon w31 da w 
'* juAicc, and teacii fueh pe rl boa for die fatace id 
■ '** confult ibc bidtop^ and have die genenl < 
■^•' of the parilb, before diey nm mm fuch i 

*' The tradeftnes met their money, and ibepuilh 
" cannoT pay them: your Lordfbtp therefore wtU do 
'very wall to adjuft diis maoer, tfaat cbcy-oByft 
' whffic 10 go for cbeir money. 


C 501 3 

•• Their delaying to take down their idol, was a 

* tacit difputing your Lordfhip's conimands, irreli- 
' giGUs and contumacious to the laft degree : and in- 
' deed I cannot fay but fome of the public prints* 

* gave me great anxiety, when they bad the impa- 
' dence to aflure the world it was not to be t..ken 
' down : b(«: that anxiety was of flwrtcontinu-mce; 

* for I had the fatisfadion the next morning to find 

* it removed, and whole crowds of idle perfons who 

* came to fee it difappointed ; then 1 found, to my 

* great comfort, that you were not to be bialTed j 
' but, as you had begun the good work, you bad 
'gone through with it, and made ihcm take ic 

* down with a witnefs." 

# pie PeJI-Jliy and Hail^Jaumal ctSamrtiay^ Seftmhr 4, 

C j=« 3 

»j»»t««fcr Ti - 


[ S°3 ] 

Bat harlt ! tlie Watctiman criei " Paft one !' 
'Ti» lime that wc on board were gone. 
Cle^n flraw wc find laid fur our bcd^ 
A tUc for ftielter over head. 
The boat ii foon got under fail. 
Wind near S. E. a mackrel gale. 
Attended by a heavy rain j 
Wc try to deep, but try in vain. 
So fing a fong, and then begin 
To fcaft on bifcuii, beef, and gin. 

Al Purflett find three men of war. 
The Darjlty galley, GUraliar, 
And Tartar pink, and of this laft 
The pilot begg'd of ui a caft 
To Gra'vrftnd, which he greatly wanted, 
And readily by us wat granted. 
The grateful man, to make amends, 
Told how the oflicers and friends 
Of Englatd were by Spaniards treated. 
And lliamcful inHanccB repeated. 

While he thefe infults was deploring, 
Ilngarih, like Premier, fell to fnoring, 
But waking crj'd, " I dream'd" — and then 
Fall fall afleep, and fnor'd again. 

The nii>rn clear'd up, and after five 
At port of Gravt/eHd we arrive, 
But found it hard to get on fhore ; 
Hii boat a young fon of a whore 
Had fix'd jull at our landing- place. 
And fwore ue Aiould not o'er it pafi ; 
Bur, fpite of all the rafcal's tricks. 
We made a (liift to land by fix, 
And up to Mrt. BramBU'i go 
[A houfe that we Qiall better know], 
There get a barber for our wigi, 
Wadi liandi and faces, firetch our legs, 
Had loall and butter, and a pot 
Of coffee (our third breakfart) got s 
Then, paying what we had to pay, 
*" For Roclicfttr wc took our way. 

Viewing the new church as wc went, 
And th' unknown petfon't moaiuneitt. 




tpmt^, fi»««<M<«r7»; 

I Jh>tf [kis otr tea «•&■«<■ 

% «e ffZ aer, 

w dpjffb new offKMtt Bft nlc^ 

I^V ftsMfir Vn^rlhMt fib n fide, 

c rwriag irtftnA at rfie nde, 
I Jta fai onr ew, «aif dttra ear {^>(v 
I Jbd urrHy «hil* iber dWi^B. 
1 9lwfr *B f«<* Mer DO ifac Tawn, 

i ^ whifli rhrCaiNc w fe aor, 
I *thjrt •■« »I1 in » hnrqp iren 
r IPlw gr»oH remain* ow'i n» be «i 

[ JOS ] 

Small holes cut ia on every fide 
Some hold for hands and feet provide, 
By which a liitle boy we faw 
Go down, and bring up a jaclt-daw. 
All round about us ihen wc gaze, 
Obferving, not without amaze. 
How towns here undiltJDguifh'd join. 
And one vaft One to form combine, 
Chatham with Rocbtfier fecms but one, 
Unlel's we're Diewn the boundary -ftonc. 
That and its Yards contiguous lie 
To plcafaot Brampton Handing high ; 
The Bridge acrol's the raging flood 
Which RilthiJIir divides from SirocJ, 
Extcufive SireoJ, on t'other (ide, 
To Frindjhury quite clofe ally'd ; 
The country round, and riwer fair. 
Our profpeits made beyond compare, 
Which quite in raptures we admire ; 
Then down to lace of earth retire. 

Up the Street walking, firft of all 
We take a view of ihe Town-Hall, 
Proceeding farther on, we fpy 
A houfe, dellgn'd to eatch the eye. 
With front fo rich, by plailick (kiil. 
As made us for i while ftand ftill : 
Four huge Hobgoblins grace the wall, 
Which we four.Bae Relievo's call ; 
They the four Seafons reprefcnt. 
At lead were form'd for that intent. 

Then Watn^ Hn/pUat we fee 
(No common curiolity) : 
Bndow'd (ai on the froat appears) 
In favour of poor travellers ; 
Six fuch it every night receives, \ 
Supper and lodging ^«f/j gives, 
And to each maa next morn does pay 
A groat, to keep him on his way i 
Bui the contagionlly infefted. 
And ro^'uet and proftors, are rejefled. 

It gave uf too fome eniertainment 
To find out what this bounteous man meant, 


■ dMi^t^KS 

» j>* elM^4t ^ir tkrax o'clock, 
B let** mrtf m Ottimm ptLJ ; 
r IhMt pEC dKR nM ifaaA (on-, 
f T«l«c'i «iO ofec ar ka« « hiv: 
|;f«t faw Md Ibpm a I— ih — * fcp 

' 1i the OMR-Biii w ^«r*M* hv- 

T« Cimit m for, B nrf ifc w «« eicu 

tWidi M iriMpt, which m ■« walk we cau 

I Jlc knph reach Ac ItMff'* rx* and dBcfa, 

P^nrf MOMM gnjfcoowJ of nno*t 
I SW h«re I wrf mk be ptoKz, 
I f Of we wtm hoKc *gaia ai fix, 

* Tit **f«i SmfnifM md 

[ 5°7 ] 

There fmoaVM our pipeS) and drant our wloc, ' 
And comfortably fat lilt nine, 
Then, with our travels much improv'd. 
To our refpcflivc beds we mov'd. 
Sail/ay at feven we rub our eyes, 
But are loo lazy yet to rife : 
Hogarth and Tbt»uibi!l u\\ iheir dreams. 
And, reafoning deeply on thofe themes, 
After much learned fpeculation. 
Quite fuitable to thcoccafion. 
Left otr as wife as they begun. 
Which made for us in bed good fun. 
Bui by and by, when up we got, 
Sam Scon was milling, " Where's SamScMtf" 
" Oh ! here he comes. Well ! whence come 
" Why from the bridge, taking a view * 
" Of fomething thai did highly pleafe me, 
" But people pstling by would Icaze me 
" With ' Do you work on SunJa^s, friend i' 
" So that 1 could not make an end." 

At thii we laugh'd, for 'twas our will 
Like men of taile thai day to kill. 
So after breakfaA we ihougfit good 
To crofs the bridge again to SiregJ: 
Thenge callward we refolve lo go, 
And through the Hundred m.irch of //a#, 
Wafli'd on the nonh fide by the 9Jjamr., 
And on the fouth by Mtituafs ftrcamt. 
Which to each other here incline. 
Till at fbt NfTi in one they join. { 
Before we Friiiiijbaiy could gain. 
There fell a heavy lliowcr of rain. 
When crafty &vtt a flielter found 
Under a hedge upon the ground. 
There of his fiiends a joke he made. 
But rofe moft woefully bcwray'd ; 
How againil him the laugh was tum'd. 
And he the vile diiafter mourn'd! 
We work, all hands, to make htm clean, 
Ai^d fitter to be fmelt and feeu. 

'' Drawing li. 




That one of us would buy a few. 
For they were very frdb and new. 

Ididfo, and'cwaschirityj 
He was quilc blind, anil half blind {lie. 
' Now growing fcolichfome and gay, 
Like boys, we, after dinner, play, 
But, 33 the fcene lay in a fort, 
Something like war miift be our fport : 
Slicks, ftoncs, and hogs-dung, were our weapons, 
Aod, as in fuch frays oft it happens, 
yoor TeihaWs cloaih) here went to pot. 
So that he could aot iaugh at Stan. 
From hence all corejuerors we go 
To vifit the church -yard at Hub. 
At Hon we found an Epitaph, 
Which made us (as *t*ill make you) laugh i 
A fervant maid, ttirn'd poeiaAer, 
Wrote it intonour of her mailer ; 
I therefore give you (and 1 hope you 
Will like it well) a r,m Cofia .- i8 

" And . wHen ■ he , Died . Yoti plainly . fee 
Hee . freely ■ gave . al . to ■ Sarn . pafTaWee. 
And . in . Doing . fo . it DoTh . prevail . 
that . Ion . him . can . well . bti . Tow . this Rayd 
On . Year . fan-ed . him . it i« well . none . 
BuT Thanks . beio . God . it . is . ^11 my . Ooe. 
While here among the Graves we ftumble, 
Our Hogarth's guts began to grumble, 
Which he to cafe, tiirn'd up hi* tail 
Over n monumental rail ; 
Torball, for this indecent aftion, 
Beftowing on him jufl correAbn 
With nettles, as there was no hhch, 
He fled for refuge to the church. 
And fliamefuUy the door beQi — t ; 
O filthy dauber 1 filthy wit ! 

Long at one place we niuft not ftay, 
Tis alrooft four, let 's haiie away. 
But here 's a fign ; 'tis rafli we think. 
To leave the place before ive drink. 
We meet with liquor to our mind. 
Our hoAcft complaifant and kiad ; 







, IIIW ) f liiip - 

«!**«»»»< Illl|l I, 


..1 dm UM, 

tui uki: 'iuii«i| 

[ J» ] 

I by imjc; 
r *rMmf4 wn im hce, bock ma kia b<ad j 

i Bk floarff our wip, and trisi* onr face*, 
Aad the top barber of tbe piace is. 
The cloih w for our breaUxi iprad ; 
A bovl of milk and toaOed bnad 
Arc brmighi, of which wbik F^mfi ett, 
To dnw onr ptdofet HtgarA fiu * ; 
rhtrtlnll ii ID the barber"* handa. 
Shaving bimfclf /fW TiiMii tiaiitlti 
While &f/( it tn a corner biting. 
And an unfiritfb'd piece completing. 
Our reckoamg about eight we p^. 
And takt fur ICle of Crtaat oar way j 
To keep ihe road we were dire&ed. 
Bat, 31 'tura* bad, tbii tnle negleicled ; 
A tempting path over a flile 
Let ui allray ab&re a milei 
Yet the right road at laft we gain. 
And joy to find ourfclves at Grtaiu : 
Where my Pane HMjtanJi, at Tht Cbtqiur, 
Rcfrelh'd ui with fome good malt Hquor; 
Into her hrder then flic runi, 
BrJDgi out fait pork, butter and bunt, 
And coarfe black bread; but thai** no ma: 
'Twill fortify uf for ihc water. 
Here Sr»t fo carefully laid down 
Hii penknife ivhich bad cod a crown, 
Thai all in vain we fought to find it, 
And, for hi) comfort, fay, " Ne'er nlad it ;' 
For to Sbiernr/i we now muft go : 
To thii the ferryman fayi, " No." 
We to another man rcpair'd : 
lie too f;iy», " No — it hlowi too hard." 
But, while we Hudy how to get there 
In fpite of thii tcmpcfluuug weather, 
Our landlady a fchcme propoi'd. 
With which we fortunately cloi'd, 
Wai to the fliorc to go, and try 
To bail ihc Diipi in ordinary, 

• Drawing iV. 

[ 5.3 ] 


So we might get, for no great matter, 

A boat to take us o'er the water. 


We hafle, and foon the (hore wc tread, 


With various kinds of Ihclls befpread. 


And in a little time we fpvM 

A boat approaching on our fide; 


The man to take us in agreed. 


fiut that was difficult indeed. 


Till, holding in each hand an oar. 

440 ^1 

He made a ibrt of bridge to ihore. 


O'er which on hands and knees we crawl ' 


And fo get fafe on board the yawl. 


In little time we-feaied were, 

And now to Sbeftj'i coaft draw near; 

" 1 

When fuddenly, with loud report. 

The cannons roar from fliips and fort, 

And, like tail fellows, we impute 

. I 

To our approach this grand faliiie: 

But foon, alas ! our pride was humbled, 


And from this fancy'd height we tumbled, 

On rccoUefting that the day 


The nine and cweniieth was of May. 


The iiiing had not long been ended, 


Before at Shcenrfs we were landed, 


Where on the battery while we walk, 

And of the charming profpeift talk, 

Bioii from ua in a hurry runs. 

And, getting to the new-fir'd guns. 

Unto their io\ich-holes clapp'd his nofe; 


Hogarth fits down, and trims his toes ; 

Thefe whims when wc had made our fport. 

Our turn we finifli round the fort, 

And are at one for ^unh^rough going! 

lileak was the walk, the wind fierce blowir 

'g. 46s 

And driving o'er our heads the fpray ; 

On loofe beach ftones, our pebbly way. 

But 7iBrBi,//oniygot afall. 

Which hurt him little, if at all : 


So merrily along we go. 

470 ^1 

And reach that famous town by two. 



L 1 

Si-i^'mtt ^H 

t P4 J 

'What osc « bft, e/ pydnld ijlc 
(Tlkmil^ grave ilMfa%a) swfamfaSc: 
Tcfliflc <M titf m itmtik profa. 
1^ •• TbM Mnvy JCt^ dotb here rep«fe, 
'•* A Gr»alMmJ Trader mice twdve for, 
** At nufter nd u turpoofMcr ;** 
TbCB, ia a* humble tetfe, we read 
(At bf binifelf ia perioa £ud) 

" In CrunlmJ \ Mbslet, fea-borfe, aod bcus (fid fl^, 
•• Tbcni^ no« a-y botly ii iacombcd id cl*jt." 

The boDtt at ivbkli «c were ut qmner 
Ii cali'd 72r &teani i iliia ras'd our Unghui, 
Bcciulc the Cga it Tht RiJLitm, 
So firanfc a blunder mc ety *< Pie oo V 
Bot, going in, allDcatwerce 
And clean ; fo wat our landlady : 
Wiih great civiliry flie mid ui. 
She hid not bcdt etuMigb lo hold u>, 
Bui a good neighbour badjuft by, 
Whrrc fome of ui perhaps might be. 
She fcndi to aflc. The merry dame 
Away to ^X^ dircdly came, 

• Drawiog VI. 



I 'S'S } 

Qyite ready our Retire* to grant, 
Aud fumlfh lis with what v/c Want. 

Back lo the agiin wlt'go; 
Which is bm fmill, il! built; find low,, 
View'd the infide, but flill fee iTC 
Nothing of curiOli[y 

UqIcTs we fuffcr (he grave-'digger, „'''' ' ','' 
In this our work |o maVe a li^iiri;'^ ' '' 

Whom juft beiide «s now.'we'fi.ive, ' 

Employ'd in opening of a grave. 

A prnting fpark mcTeed he iv'i5, 
Knew all ihc ri-aLnf-irVf the place, 
And often rcltcff from his hliours. 
To give tlie hilioey of his neighbours ; 
Told who was who, and what was what , 
Til! OD him wc beftjwM a pot, 
(For he foigot not, 'you may fhinlc, 
" Mafters, I hope, you'l! mikV me drink !"), 
At this his fcurriloua tongue run farter, 
Till " a fad dug" he'tatlM bi« maflcr, 
Told us the woilhliifijl the Mayor 
Wag but a cuftom-Iioule officer ; 
Still rattli(\g'oii ifl! we depuricd. 
Not only with hisTsl.-s diverted, 
But fo miich wifdo'm wc had got, 
Wc treated him wiih* t'other pOt. 

Return we now to the" town-hsll. 
That, like the borough, 19 but fmall, 
Under its' purtico's a Ipacc, 
Which you may c^ill the m^irkct-place, 
Juft big enough to hold the ft.Kks, 
And one, il'noftivo, butcher's blotki. 
Emblems of plemy and exctfs. 
Though you cm ng where meet with lefs': 
For though 'tis call'd a mirliL't-town 
(As they are not a(hjm'd ro own) 
eithtr bu! 

Nor fifh, nor fo-,vl, 
Once in feuen years 
When ilrangcri con 
Hard at TheSv^a, 
But that fome Mar^^ 

lor aught tn eat. 
they lay, thereVplcnty, 
: to reprel'cQt ye.- 
! had teen our fare, 
kh men were there, 

£ SMS I 

O'oi'nkiO); aU rberujuuffr rrraai; 
On «teeli Tlwic OMUMitf tns beoi 

In cbc •tmd EJutard, u dwjr tetl, 

am on *C bnt i. w«d] : 
Ibir'tu ftooi ItEBcev 'sf' ^■"■"it ramr 

*• WfeM bro^ 7« hcn^ !»' ladi i' err K 

* ThinV. pfaaic j^r- [laaaMn, is yo9 i 

* for («ddi (telpatafieu) «eai«itcR 

* Waiiagfar aaryp — gafc ei, 

*^ il -~**"p—'— on bomi 77* i7^ 

* (ParGenenTJ ': awiic ;7«a> ; 

* We tut oar tBrSnatea, &x lo at, 

* And «Wa, M we had ^mta cnsimo^ed^ 

* "IjiiTi ""-'- —- ' frj -- liilhwi liiiif 

* Bjr nuniag (rf bff &d apamd 

■ Aindeitfebfa, heqnck^nnDd 

■ So brae Ik Idi u> pennficA, 

* To toA an .^ccaiivMifA nr and wster. 

* Or fUrve, ts hiiB 'tit na grt» anncr ^ 

* WUe he amoa^ ia fneiek at ode U, 

* Aad wiH rem jos nben be pieafei j 

■ Perta^ lie nar come back to^-daj ; 

* IfnoT. be kaowf cluiwc muA £z]r.* 
So oat ot u gne bam a u^ct. 

When ^mh cried out, ** GodUcAjrvo, i 
Tlien nn »> rxmie dnr flteptog ^{lowt, 
Ta llnie ;Iku- foctune tt ibc aktiowle. 
Hcaecwtbecnck-fide, oneaadaU, 
Wc gn lo fee fltfl^'i jawi. 
And Amod bcr bedded ib ihc mad, 
"b edi tidaof Aao(L 

[ 5'7 ) ™ 



The failors here \ttA cocllc* gat. 


Which grstefally to in they bronghl. 

'Twai all u-ith which ihcj- could irgale m j 


Thii i' other fixpcoce fcoi to d»* aldKyafe : 

So merrily they went ifaeir w^. 

And we irere no left plc^rd Amb they. 

At fcTta «l»om the town ire w«Ik, 

A:]d with feme pretry damleU talk. 


Beauiiful nymphs itidee<d. I wees. 

Who came lo fee. and lo be (ecB. 

. J, 

Then to our Somu reituning, there 


Wc borrow'd a great wooden cbAir, 

And plac'd it in the open firect. 



Where, inmuehflatc, dldift^-rrifit 


, To draw ihe to"nhotiJ"e. church, and ftn-plc •, 


Surrounded by a crowd of people ; 

Tag, rag, and bobiaii, flood qutie thick there. 


And cry 'd, " What a ftreel pretty j»idure!** 


This was not fiaifh'd long, before 

We taw, about the Mayor'* fore-door. 

Our honcft (aitors in a throng ; 

We call'd one of them from among 

The reft, to icll m the occafioo j 


Of which he gave us this relation : 

And chanc'd to meet or o\-enake 

A faiJor walking with a woman 

(May be, flie't boneit, may be, common) : 



He thought her handfoinc, fo hii honour 


Would needs be very fwect upon her : 

But this the fcaman would ootfuf- 

-ter, and this put bim in a huff. 

*• Lubber, avaii," £i)» ihirJy J*tm, 


" Avaft, Ifiy. let her alone; 


" You fljall not board her. (he's my wife. 


" Sheer off. Sir, if j-ou lo\-c your life : 


•' I've a great mind your back to Ink ;" , 


And up he held his oaken flick. 



" Our midfhip hero this did fcare ; 


" I'll fwear the peace before the Mayor," 


Says he ,- (o to the Mayor's they trudge : 


Horn iijci\ ■ cafeby fucb ajudge 


• Drawing VI. 


L 1 J * Detcrmia'd 


[ 5<9 ^1 


« Scoit-i landlady is below ftain. ji 

" And roundly the good nonan fweitrt, ^ 


*' That for his lodging he fliall pay. 


(Where his lir'd boaea he fcorn'd to Isy) 


" Or he ihoiild go before the Mayor," 

She's in the right on't, we declare. 

For this would cut the mailer ftiort. 

(At leaft 'twould make us fpecia! fport) ; 

But here flic balk'd us, and, no doubt. 


Had wit enough to find us out. 

Our mark thus mifs'd, we kindly go, 

To fee how he and Tetball do. 

We find the doors all open were. 

(It fecms that 's not UDufual here) : 


They're very well, but&o// lail night 

H-id been in a moll dreadful fright : 

" When to bis room he got," he (aid, 

" Andjuft was flapping into bed. 

" He thought he faw the bed-cloaths ftir, 


*' So back he flew in mortal fear j 

*• But taking heart of grace, he try'd 

•' To feel what 'twas, when out it cry'd ; 

" Again he flani, but to his joy, 

" It prov'd a little harmlefs boy, 


*' Who by miftakc had ihiiher trept. 

** And fouadjy (till be wak'd him) (lept. 

" So iVom his fears recuver'd t|iiitc 

" He got to fleep, and flcpl nil iiiglit."j 

We laugh al this, and he langhs too. 


For, pray, what better could he do ? 

At ten we leave our LhaSwaJu, 

And to the higher lands adtiance. 

Call on our laundref* by the way. 

For (he led (bins left ycfterday 


To watti ; " She'i forry, they're not yet 

♦* Quite dry !" — •' Why then we'll take them wet i 

•' They'll dry and iron'd be, we hope, 

" At Mincer, where we next fliall Hop." 

The way was good, the weather fair. 


The prolpects moft delightful were. 

To MmJltT got, with latMJur hard 

We cluau'd the hill to the church-rardj 




[ J*. ] ^1 


His cafe fhe reads ; her royal breaft 


li imov'd to grant him his lequcft. 

His pardon thankfully he takes. 


Aod, fwimming Hill, to land he makes : 


But, on his riding up the beach, 


He an old woman met, a wiich : 

7^1 ^1 

f This horfc, which now your life doth fave," 

Says ftie, '* will bring you lo the grave." 


* You'll prove a Her,' fays ray lord, 


' You ugly hag '.' and with his (Word 


(Afting a moft ungrateful part) 

770 ^H 

Hia panting fteed ftabb'd to the heart. 

It liappcti'd, after many a day, 


That with fomc friends he ftroll'd that way. 


And thi* ftrange flory, as they walk, 


Became the fuhjeft of their talk : 

77! ^H 

When, " There the carcafe lies," he cry'i^ 

" Upon the beach by ihe fea-fide." 


As 'twas not far, he led them co'i. 


And kick'd the (kuU up with his foot, 


When a Iharp bone pierc'd through his (hoe. 

;to ^ 

And wounded gricvoufly his toe. 

Which morti^'d ; fo he was kill'd. 

And the hag's prophecy fulfill'd. 


See there his crofs-legg'd (igiue laid. 


And near his feet the horfe 3 head* ! 

78s ■ 

The tomb t is of too old a fafhion 


To tally well with this narration ; 


But of the truth we would not doubt^ 


Nor put our Cicerant out : 


It gives a moral hint at Icaft, 

7^ ■ 

That gratitude's due to a beaft. 


So far it's good, whoever made it. 


And that it may not fail of credit. 


A horfchead vane adorns the fteeple. 


And it's H„rfi.chur(b eall'd by the people. 

79> ■ 

' DrawingVllI. 


t A erofs-legg-d figure in armour, with a fliicld over hii 


like that ofa Knight Templar, faid to rcpiercnt Sir Rthin 

1 dt Sbnr- 

land, who by Eitw«rd 1. wai created a Knight bmnnerel for 1 

his gallant 

behaviour at the fiege of CarlavtrKk in Scttlamd. He li< 

:i under a 

Coibic arch in the fuuth-wall, having an armed page at hi( f«i, mil ^^m 

on hii right fide the head of a horle emerging out ut iha wi 

...snCtbn ^m 

li., .. in th. .aion of hlmtomj. G«o.e. 

Our ^H 

'1 -t nfOtf^if « 

4ad ohuut k«c put »< i« tu. 

Tt. i.- 



■■ *•. 



«K ofu. r... 

^ -u.^, 

,= .. ws»«KC ; 



niU «Mplaw, 

^ite im ^ gmbwU niik'd bu «47, 

At J •o.'cu ajj. 

u.; ^j 

.■..- ... *o«. 


- iiii«p*iji. 

h . 

-,• J- 


'•♦ Ho- 

1 WbcD ' 

O..: ■..■ 

. ..-, 





' ■>» 

^^^fck ,.wqT|>af^, 




WHMt.«c..'> . 

t i'3 3 

Bui Iben be ma^ bu nfit fbon. 
And «bcn a f jp cf pood) Wd got. 
Swnc Ni^ted match co tn be bimclit, 
A fbvemgD cofdial thn, no doubt. 
To Bxa wbole p^Kt hid hwg bcoi oat. 

Br icres o'clock odi fick recoter. 
And all mre glad ifaii tiWtlc** over. 
Nov jornily vc ^ >lMtb 
Oor cocUkaiB siviag fiwg ftir Cong. 
But (ban osr DOiei arc chang'd ; vc iboad 
Oor bom w»i on Stf/.mJ aground. 
Jail ia the nuddle of ibe rirsr ; 
HcK Tp.-?^!' IheKt'd hioafelf qotie clerer: 
And, kmnring wc isuft cUe abide 
Titl lifted br tile flowing lide, 
Work'd siib oor lkip{K:rs^ HI) lbs boat 
Wat once n^re happrif liBoai. 
Wc all applaud hit care and Ifcill, 
So do the bojimen his good-wilU 

Ere long <bc tide made upward, lb 
Wiih thai before the wind we go. 
And, diltmbirking about ten. 
Our CraTf.'riJ quariert reach agwa, 

HtreMsdam, fir.iliag, coir^» to tell 
HoK glad Ihc n to fee us well: 
Thtt kind Rtepricqi we commended. 
And DOW clion^i all oor trouUes ended ; 
Bm, when for nhii we want wc c^II, 
Somelhingunluckj- did bclall. 

Whea BK our tra»Ll( firii began 
Scat (who's a very prudcDi loanj 
Thought a great cojt could do do harm. 
And in the boat might keep him warm; 
So fjr; you think htm n^t, 
As we took water in the oight : 
But when from lieoce we took our nay 
On foot, ihc latter cod oi iUr^, 
He, quite at realbnably, thought 
*T would be too heavy or too hot : 
•■ I'll leave it here," fays he, " and take 
*■ It with me at our cooling back.^ 







C 5«« I 

i For he's a Cftecman bf tndep;j-' r-. t 

He flourrour wigt^ juid ttiiMLXMirlfiaycisiy^^ "[* - " ^» 
And the top bui)ef of the f^iM iK^ ,. - • ; ^^ 

The cloth is for ou^jMftUblr ^inad ;* 
Abowlof finUk aod^toaAodihxaid ' •- • i « 
Are brought, of' which whibi9pRr{|Matt, ? • ' 
To draw^nir fndoijfis Jfi|p(H»iHkfr%?l: <. •• "^ 

Tbambill is in tjbe. barber Vhaads^ U ' , ' ^ "^ 400 

Shaving bimfelf mumMiAadidint . r.. ' 
While Scctt is^-mAdfimfT fitclng^ . 
And an unfipiftiU piece eo&ipletisig> : " 

Our reckoi^g. about eighiiprepagp^'^ ? 
And take for Ifle of <€Vittnir onr.^jT^ - ' • 40J 

To keep the jcoad wewers diioOed^ *. ^'' , *- 

But, as '(vrattbad^Tthii )«^4KglsAed::|. 
A tempting path'toter a ^l|ii . .*: ; '•1 * 
Let us 9fin^ V)«t0 ^ mile.). . . -- ' •< 
Yet the right ^al4>«tJaft..wer^oy* < *• « 410 

And joy to fi^uittirfelves at Gnam ;* • 
Where my DfNaitir4[^4niir,at 7&r£'i^pi^9* " 
Refrefh'd us with ftme |[Qod inalt H^oor^ 
Into her larder tbta flic runs, * - » 

Brings out fait porik, butter and buns^ 41$ 

And coarfe black bread ; but tbat^s no matteri ^ 
'Twill fortify v.s for the water. 5 

Here Scott fo care;fblly laid down . 
His penknife which b^d cod a crown^ 
That all in vain we fought to find it, ', 4^ 

And, for his comfort, £fiy, ** NeVr mind k-;^' ' 
For to Sbeemefs we now muft go : * - .• ' 
To this the ferryman lays, *' No/* -• 
We to another man repaired ! . . f - 
He too fays, ** No — it blows too hard.*^ IJ 

But, while we fiudy how to get there 
In fpite of this tempeiluous weather, •' 
Our landlady a fchcme proposed. 
With which wc fortunately closed. 
Was to the fhore to go^ and try (ji 

To hail the ihips in ordinaiy, 

♦ Drawing IV. 

t 5*5 1 

Thn« ftt h*, «• Im WNfc iMwr^ 

TlMt Ik got fawM, m4 mly kt^ 
TW U rgin g t^ kit taimi a tWwii^t 
HavaMdi he «Mtc4 tlw p«M «••(» 
lUanr'd Ut mifttr md hi* pief t 
Hb cwsM OmgM; the cwt, ind tlucf i 
Aad. tin w ha|hi«i hk rtgrct. 

H< dram it ooi, and tcM it ly, 
like • Frmh tn&gii, t Jl \i% dry. 
Then, cmping tnio lliellcr f«ft. 
Joint with the coii<)ian}' nmt Ukij[h, 

Notliin); muic liappca'd n<vitiy agtt I 
At Billi^igictt wc cliaugc our bo«t. 
And in aooihir ihrou)t)i bridge j|it. 
By two, to Stkin nf Smrtfitt 
AVclcorae »ch nthcrto the llior*, » 
To Ooemi G^rJm w »lk oncc niore, 
A«d, »t from Bi^frJ Ar-i wc tUilttl, 
■Tberc "«t our wlutllet ttc >vc piirlvd. 

Wttb ftlealure I obCcrvr, none idls 
'W'Crein.AurtfikKc)*, or cinploy'd ill, 
■Ti'il'alt, our irfafurer, »n» jiifl, 
^no u-orttiily dilchnrfj'd hii imft ; 
4Vie all fign'd hii nccounti a« fnir) ; 
Sam 5™« and Hegarth, for tlieir fluro. 
The profpciib ot the I'oa ud Und did t 
A» Ther«hiUoi our tour the plan did j 
.And Farrtft nrole ihi) true tebiion 
-Of our five d^yt peregrin >i ion. 

This to itiEll, our nntne* we've wrote ill, 
■■ Viz. ThoTKbiU, Hi^arih, &ttt, and r#i**//. 

€ 5* J 


r HMm^* ^t^mim. 

^Mcfaen prwlw«^ e 




I 5^7 I^^^H 


L I N D E X 1 



'S P L A T E a 


ChriO, &:c. fmall, 4;;. ^H 

•^JENEiS in a Srorm, 147. 

with £e>.A;i Uofpital, 416. { 

Agrieuliure and Ar(i,4i;. 
Aliar-piecc, SI. ChmimS, ijS. 

C*.rei<//,C*flri>j, 3S7. 

— — with Puliticil Print, 40a. 1 


Cckpit. 367- 

Analyfit of Bcautv, 3*5. 

Ctlmmim, 314. i»7. ■ 

Concert, St. Maiy'i Chapel, 445. 

Aims,&c. 41S 411. 4] 8. 

Confulation of Ph^ricinns, ■3*. 

Co'tim, Capcain, 160. 


' Collage, 441. 

Battle of the Piaurtt, ;8,. 

Credulity, Sic. 37;- 

Crowni, &c. Sublcription Ticker 

Blaver'r Military Punifhincclt, 

forElcflions, jji. 

Bur-Slrtti, 51=. 


Bcforeand Afttr, 13J. 


*Bege«r'tOpeM, .(.4- 

Debalcion Palmilliy, 410. _ ^^1 

Bench, 367. 40). 

'DUeuvcrv. 4+0- - ^M 

•"BtaciiutlCi Figurei, 439. 

D'ArelTed Poll, 13;. ^H 

£<>mA, JK/i], and CiMrr, .41. 

Don ^ixele, 43 5. ^H 

Sdjfh/, Lord VifcQunt, 453, 

BuytpecpingaiNatute, iSB. )i9' 

^ ^1 

™*fltoBd Buttoms. 449. 

Eleaions, 334. ^B 


Enraeed Mulician, 154. -^" 

Burial Ticket, 419. 

'ElaBeuPi, Tui,-f^s''ii-*H- 

Burlington iiM^.ii. 175. 

Bb/Zo-. 441. 


£^rwn. Lady Ff-««i-/i, i)6. 


.,1 Mi.U-a!p«UdeCinbe>it2,ilo. 


Fjrmer'iRemm, 374. 

""Cartoons, Headi from, 4J7. 

• ' Farintlli, Cii«««ti,and StB^fi-t, 

Cajfandra, 134 

&c. ,38.43,. 

Catalogue, Fromifpicc* and Tail- 

FliIooii. ^l. SubliiipticHi Ticket 

piece w, 373- 

for Riil/i-rJ ni. iBi. 

ChataScts and Caricaturat, 161. 

FifUiis. Hiari, 385. 


fwi.'^, Ma.ih M »,9. 

Charmer) uf the Agt, 158. 

•Fillit! lor Carti^34S. .. ■ m 

Chrift and hit Difcplci, Jic 

Felkti, AUriu, IC7, ^^H 

l*rg«. 4Ji- 


t s^ 1 

r^^r Av a^ito Ih>|badt 

.la(a~.>^ ■>••'> >^ N«i« ' 



1 e« Oj/trd, tlf. 

e.S4J. Jfc I ^ i TnW*. lay. 
Fnc lli/i r 'iii . Ilk 

C 5= 

" ^ 


J/i/4r', Ticket. 444. ' "^^^^ 


StageCo«h, illT ' 

Perriwigs, FiveOiden of, jjj. 
•fj/if/iDr. 407, 

StageiofCrueiLy,3i6- ' 

Pirjiai and MiJu/a, 170. for FiochUy. 184. ' ■ 

f fi/iTKj dtlctndiog, 170. 

Staymaker, 410 ; 

/--«. 434- 

Strolling Aareffe*,i5i. 1 ClyRcr, jji. 

•Politic lin, 189- 


pool of Bt(ftf/^a, frnal!, 189. 

Tiil.piece to hi) Workl, 401. 
■Tankard. 4ig. 

_ . large, 405. 

**Pii£ the Piinter, 441. 

Tafte in High Life, a;,. 

Tajiar, CtO'gt, Two Skcichei for 


Rabbit-breeder, aj. 146. 461. 

rajhrs P>.rfpe£bve, ]7i. Hfl 

Rake's Progicft, 17. 107. 

Trrr^mu..i4i. ^H 

*Jl.ui4»'j HouU-, 455. 

"Ticket Porter, 4]8. ^^H 

RapcofiheLotk, 4*3. 

lime DIackenmg a PiaDiv. Sub- ^H 

fcripiion Ticket for Siji/mnn- '^^H 

•Jlifi-* Glory, .61. 

373- '^H 

Royalcy, Epifcopacy, and Law, 

ThcTuie,. 375. V 


To™ Tbnmb, ,71. ^" 

Tr-Jiram SianJ,, vol. I. 370. ' 


vol. 11. 574. 

Saiieba, 418. 

'■T'voFigutca, 409. 

Search -night, jS;. 

Shop-hilK, Sec. 417. 

W. ^ 

Shnmp-Giil, 411 

Weighing HomV, 401. ^^M 

Sletyii.g Coogrigaiion, IJ4. 

muti, >£*. Ns. lu. ^H 

J'o/>//. 407. 

Woman A^canii^ a Lhild, tec. ^M 

SM/i S^a, 101. 


Tb« sttides marked thus * aie 

mitled ill Mr. WalfshS Catalogue ^H 

Thofe marked •» are likewife or 

nilied hy Mr r«Wr, but it muft ^H 

be ack now] edited they are uf dnulitful auihoriiv, though iutioduud ^^H 

on the faith ot tliefollo>vinE collcfl 

art and artillt i ^^M 

Hogarib, rmall circle, Mr. Bagrt. 
v€««o in a ftorm, Dr. Ducwii. 

Cartoons, Headi, Xju,.,;,„f„ ^H 

f,om Two Fit'u.c., i ^''^- ^'^'/V- ^H 

Beggar'* Opera, Ds. Lerl. 

Oratory, 7^,/, ^H 
Mo:'«., Scene, ic. J "'■ ■^'^*"''- ^H 



Ru/f«-*, ' 1 ^H 

MafleroftheVioe- Ut. IrtlamJ. 

?;■£:■ «'•«"'• ■ 

P_*.heP,i„.er. J 

Noctu and South, •> ^H 

t'ariflli, CuKHBui, 

and HtiJtggi.; > Mr. Rfgtrt. 
Cia-driukeri, J 



F I N 



« • 

I 4.* 

t 5«« 1 

For he*t m fiihrrman by tnd^p 

Taon'd tm liis ficcy fliQclc im lUslifad f 

He flourrour wigs,, and triaM^ourtfiaoety 

And the top barber of the p(«w li;^ ~ }j| 

The cloth is for ou^ bctakfaft ^MBStd ;* 

A bowl of fnUk and toafted* bread i 

Are brought, of which while il3if9ig|f . eatt, ^ ' 

To draw «tir piduces .il<;;»ni^jiltT^> . 

nambili 18 in tbcbarberVhaadt^ -^ ' ' ' 400 

Shaving bimfelf fm fiiiaUiixtdtP^t - r. 

While Scott ]s,-io a cpfTier iitcifig^ 

And an unfipifli-d piece eoinpletiag:* : 

Our reckoqiog about eight we paqr^ ' 
And take for Ifle ^iGr^au our. way 9 40J 

To keep the road we were diKflsd*, - ' 
But, as 'twas bad^ this roleaegk^edj 
A tempting paihorer a 1&\^ 
Let m aibray abote a mile.). . 
Yet the right raid at laft we. gainv 410 

And joy to find.onrfelves at Gruau^ - 
Where my Dfm^Unlbmub^ ut niChfmtr^ ' 
Refrefh'd us w^h fome good malt Kquor; 
Into her larder then flie runs, 

Brings out fait pork, butter and buns^ 41$ 

And coarfe black bread ; but that's no matter, ' 
'Twill fortify us ibr the water. t 

Here Scott fo carefully laid down 
His penknife which bad cod a crown^ 
That all in vain we fought to find it, , 4^ 

And, for his comfort, fey, ** Ne'er mind it ;•* ' 
For to Sbeernefi we now muft go : 
To this the ferryman fays, ** No/* 
We to another man repaired : . 

He too fays, ** No — it blows too hard.'^ ij 

But, while we fiudy how to get there 
In fpite of this tempeiluous weather, 
Our landlady a fcheme proposed. 
With which we fortunately clos'd. 
Was to the fhore to go, and try ^ 

To hail the ihips in ordinaiy, 

♦ Drawing IV. 

K£W BOOKS pi&lUhed hy J. NICHOLS. 

IX* The HiCoiy aod Antiquities of" HtircKLEV, in the 
County of Lelcefitr, including thcHamlett of Stoke, Dad*' 
liogton, Wykin, and The Hyde ; foine Particulars of the aa- 

. cient Abbey of Lira in Normaiidy ; Ailronomical Remarks» 
and Biographical Memoirs. 3y J. Nichols, F. S. A% Edtnim 

' and PeriJ^f and Printer to the Society of Antiquaries of LomJotu 
Qgarto, Price 7S«6d. adorned with Thirteen elegant Plates* 

*^* This Work forms the Seventh Number of a Series of 
Local Antiquities, under the Title of Bibliotheca Topo- 
oaAPHiCA BaiTANNicA, of which ereiy feparate Number is m 
^md Work ; and which is intended to be comprtfed in Sis 
Volumes. In this form have already appeared, 

i.*ReW£*Mo»Eft'$ Hiftory of Tunstali.. Price su 
3. RELK^iiE GALSANiE, in TbiM PsTts. 151. 

3. HiftorYof AattDEEN. 5s. 

4. Memoirs of Sir John tiAWKWOOD. ss. 

5. DucAEEL's Hi(lof)r of St. Katharine's nearthe Tower, los.ld.. 

6. Thoepe's Antiquiries in KLbnt. Two Pans. 6s. 

7. Nichols's Hiftory of Hinckley, Stoke» &c. 7s. 6d« 
S. CoUe£tions towards the Hidory of Bedfordshire. 6s; 
9. Hiftory of Holyhbad. is. 6d. 

10. Hiftory of Stoke Newington, 2s. 6d. 
IX. GouGH*s Hiftory of Croyland. 7s. 6d. 

52. Due ARgL's Hiftory of Croydon. 7s. 6d. 

13. Hiftory of Great Cox WELL, Berks, ts. 6d. 

14. Additions to the Hiftory of Stoke Newington. 6d« 

53. EitralEts from the MS. Journal of Sir Simon Ds D*£wes. 3s. 
s6^ Rq>ve-Mores's Colleaions for Berkshire. 5s. 

17. Extracts from the Black Book of Warwick, &c. is. 6d. 
29. DuNcaMBE's Hiftory of Reculver and HeRN^. 5^. 
19. Additions to the Memoirs of Sir John Hawkwooo. 6d. 
ao. Hiftory of the Gentleman's Society at Spalding. 5s. 
2 1. Peggb^s Hiftory of EccLBSHALL Castle, is. 
12. Essex's Obfenrations on Croyland Abbey, is. 6d. 
a). Sir John Cullum's Hiftory of Hawsted. $s. 

24. Pbggb ou the Roman Roads, and on the Coritani. is. 6d. 

25. Pecob on the Textus RoPFENsi8,on the £lstobs,&c. is.6d. 
a6. Colle£tions towards the Hiftory of Bedfordshire continued, is. 
ay. Pucar^l's Hiftory and Antiquities of Lambei h Palace. 9s. 
28. DucAr EL'S Account of Suffragan Bism^Fs in England. 
19. Hrftorical Account ot th^ Pa^iib of Wimmington. is. 6. 

^o, Duncombe's Hiftory of the Archiepifcopai Hofpilals. los. Gd. 

^3/. Genealogical View of the I nilyof OlivErCI^omwell. i« 6d. 

*^jf^ Many other Articles are in the prcfsj^ for fuccceding Numb^. 

VII. The 

If Dec txxiv. 

* , 



*■ ■ 




i iii ] 

l» ■ ■ ■■^'"~" " ' 1 1 ■• ■ I I ■ ■ II ■ ■ ■ •mmmmmm^m^t^mm^im^mmi^mmm^ 


IT IS not the intention of the writer of this trifling 
work, to trefpafs on any one performance on the 
fubjedt of Hogarth. He defigns it merely as an addi- 
tion, or fupplement, to the other publications. It points 
out fome minutiae, which, added to the explanatory 
remarks of Mr. Walfole, Mr, Nichols, Mr. Gi/pw, and 
Dn ^rujler, will form a full and complete explana- 
tion of the moft confiderable of Mr. Hogarih'i prints. 
The excellent pamphlet of Rouquet is transfufed by 
an indifferent tranflation into Dr. Trujler^s book. 
Some few of the prints are treated more fully in the 
following little work; which is liable, however, to 
mary objedtions, from the writer not being in pof- 

a 2 feflion 



feffioD of any other fet tear, thzt publifiied by tnt 
widovr of Mr. H'jgarti -^except indeed & le^k- £rr 
knprefiions^' ; of courfe fcmie remarks ii: the cnfuing 
p^es may cot apply to the old iiupreSoii^ : iu 
true is the obfcn'ation of Mr. Nicbois^ that *• the 
•* collector who contents himfcif 1^ith the later xn>- 
** preffions of his works, wil! nor confi:]: ou- arrii"? 




C O N- 

T ;: ^ \' li ^i ^ 


. > 

T A 

-> - * .' '^ 

r ■ i* 

f! J ; !; 




npHE Harlot's Progrefs 
X A Midoight Modern Converfation 



The Rake's Progrefs 


The Sleeping Congregation 


The Diftreffed Poet 


The Four Parts of the Day 


Strolling AArefles drefiing in a Barn 


The Enn^^ Muiician 


Marriage<l4a-Mode ... 


A Stage Coach .... 

. 48 

Induftry and Idlenefs ... 


The March to Finchley . 

- 61 

b Beer 

r • 

♦! COsffiNTS* 

Beer Street 
Gin Lane 

* * ^ • 60 

Thfc Staget of Cftidty •**-»« 

The Cock Pit • . . * ^ i, 

-floodnwnf raf •. 7-^ — : -gy 

Appendix --.,.. p. 

r\ T !t^ H T VI O L> 

' -J - -^ ~i 

- - I. « ■ , J 

♦ ' . '/ ' 9 

' J , • ' 5.' • r^' 

■ .' . I 

• ' ' f 

^k. « 

V ■ 

-• ' ■*>,.. ■ •• 

«i • i- 



• • • ' 


A N 




WE are tbld in Jofeph Gay^s poem, as well ai 
in " The Harlot's Progrefs, or the Humours 

*' of Drury-Lane which is a Key to the fix 

*« Prints lately publiflied by Mr. Hogarth,'' and 
printed in 1732 (an obfcene and paulrry producflion), 
that the procurefs here reprefented is Mother Bentky ; 
but Mr. Walpole and Mr. Nichols fay v is Mother 
Needham; and indeed in the fixth C'cinto of the 
above poem we are told, that the old bawd who is 
there wringing her hands is Mother De/iiLy, whiclt 
is a figure very different from Ncaliains, whom an 
enraged populace prevented attaining the venerable 

B agd 


t « ] 

age of this other afflided matroo« And Jofeph Gay 
tells us^ in a note^ that the colonel's pimp is ^^ his 
•* trufty man John Gourlay^* wbofc attitude is -ex* 
preflSve of the girl's being a very delicate piece, 
which, by the bye, fhe is not reprefented to be in 
this plate. She has in her breaft an emblem of her 
innocence, and no doubt at her departure from home, 

** her kind mother Ihed prophetick tears/* 

The charafter of the infamous Cbarires may be 
feen in the note to the 20th line of Tope's Third 
Moral Eflay. And as we cannot fuppofc the direc* 
tion of the goofe to have been written in this clergy^ 
man's houfe ; we may fuppofe it comes from fome 
good old woman in Torkjhirs — For Afjf Lqfin Cojin in 
Terns Street London ** ; nor is the infcription under 
the bell Icfs curious — Parfon^s Intter Buit Bear. 
The trunk has the initials of the young woman's 
name. \Vc arc to fuppofe this poor curat'^ is fent 
up to town with a letter of recommendation to a 
bifnop, on the vacancv of fome living, and that his 
terrified al'pect proceeds from the dread of appearing 
before lb great a perfon ; his having rode up with 
his gown and calVoek may be from his having but 
one coat, and that lb rufty, that he is billing to hide 
it witli the belt attire he can. I fear this realbn is 

* An old woman feiU a l:tter I\v the poft with this ciirioiif 
8<.l;irtfs — To 7.VV fun John in London ; and Mr. Nichols has re- 
cordc J .1 j)ic;':Iint memorial of H\^art'j*s ablencc of mind in 
thus ducdlin^ a letter to Dr. lloaMy — ^othc DvHor at Cht/jfa. 


C 3 ] 

far-fetched ; but, however that may be, wc cannot 
but fympathize with the diftrefs this unfortunate 
divine muft experience, when a furly waggoner en- 
forces a rude payment from his little pittance for the 
earthen ware his half-ftarved horfe has thrown down. 
The Journal of a Poor Curate, which is in the Ap- 
pendix (No. 7.), is not inferred there for the pur- 
pofe of raifing the volume^ s f rice a Jhilling^ but as pof- 
feffing the power of awakening thofe feelings which 
cannot but arife in each mind at the fight of de- 
jected poverty. 


Pompey with his tea-kettle will never pafs unno* 
ticed, as Mr. ^irCs farcafm on the immortal adtor 
(the man after Shakfpeare^s own heart) will long 
contribute to dircd: many eyes to this darting and 
aghaft Moor of Hogarth^. This joke perhaps fat 
not fo uneafy on Mr. Gar rick (evident from his reta- 
liation) as the difpleafure gf his audience on account 
of his tramontane drefs. Mr. Hill, in his' edition of 
the Atlor of 1755, p. 153, fubfcribes to Mr. Garrick*s 
merit in Othello in thefe words, " I can remember, 
*' that in the fcenes where the greap general is moft 
" himfelf, none ever filled the ftage with more dig- 
^' nity ; and that when be took leave of his occu- 
" pation, 

* So much this fccne her black attendant fcar'd, 
That ev'n his woolly locks with horror flar'd. 

Gay*s Poem, 

B 2 '' Farewell 

C 4 3 

^f Fareivell the plumed Src9f, &c. 

^' none ever felt the fentiment more nobly. The 
f* honour of his profeffion, and th^ gfief at quitdng 
** it, were fo perfedtly exprefled together, that it was 
f^ impoffible to fay which moft expreffed the hcrQ.** 
Another gentleman (Mr. Wilks)^ equally convcrfant 
in the ftage, has the following words on Mr. Gar^ 
rick*s improprieties in ading : " If he has his fiaults, 
** they are like fpots in the fun, hid beneath a blaze 
** of majcfty 5 an effulgence of beauty that afto- 
f* nifhes, while it dims all things liabje to cenf^re^ 
•* fo that they become imperceptible." 

The mafk on the toilet belongs to the miftrefs, a$ 
it appears again in the 5th plate. Some of the or- 
naments of this room are thus defcribed in the 2i(( 
page of Gays poem, 

Pourtray'd beneath a Gourd here yonah fatc^ 

Expcdting Nineveh's approaching fate : 
King David, there, his antic gambols play'd. 
When back the ark from Jjijdodwzs convey 'd : 
Below hung IVooIJlons head, and Clarke^s above. 

The inference to be drawn from this pifture of 
David, HKiy be, ihac Mcll ILickabout is playing b^r 
gan-il)Ois, while back her lover from the chamber is 
conveyed ; and Jc^ud'^ n;ay apply either to Pomf>€y^ 
as expecting forne dilaftrous fate to one of them ; 
or it may apply to the young gallant, who has no 
reafon to expeCl a very agrcjablc fate himfelf, if he 



C 5 3 

is not very expert in dealing down ftairs. From 9 
perufal of the lives of Dr. Clarke and Mr. Wool/ton^ 
\ cannot conjedoire why their portraits in particular 
ftould be hung up, uplefs indeed frpm thejr being 
at that time the fubjefts of general conyerfatiqo, 
and their portraits of courfe ferving as prnaipen^s to 
many rppms. Dr. Clarkcj indeed, publifhed ^n 
Eflay on Repentance; and Mr. Wooljlon^ An Apology 
for the Truth of the Chriftian Religion againft t^c 
Jews and Gentiles *. 


* In order to explain one part of DavitPs picture, it miy 
be proper to read the following vcrfcs from the fecond book 
oi Samuel^ viz. the 3dy 5thy 6ch, ych, 14th, and i6th verfes of 
the 6th chapter. 

3. And they fet the ark of God upon a new cart, and 
brought it out of the houfe oi Ahlnadah that v/as in Glheah: 
and Uzzab and Ahio the fons oi Abinadah drave the new cart. 

5. And David and all the houfc of y/r/u/ played before the 
Lord on all manner of inftrumcnts made of lir-wood, even on 
harps, and on pfalteries^ and on timbrels, and on cornets, and 
on cymbals, 

6. And when they came to Nachon^s threfliing-floor, Uzzab 
put forth hii hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it : 
for the oxen (hook it. 

7. And the anger of the Lord was kindled againft Uzzah .• 
and God fmote him there for his error ; and there he died 
by the ark of God. 

14. And David dancc^ before the Lord with all his might ; 
and David was girded with a linen ephod. 

16. And as the ark of the Lord came into the city of 
David^ Michal SauVs daughter looked through a wind';.v, and 
faw king David leaping and dancing before the Lord ; and 
ihe defpifcd him in her heart. 

And in order to account for that very grum, and ill-tem- 
pered look of Jonah* s^ and more fully to comprvh<?nd the 


C 6 J 


Very little can be added to Dr. Tru/lcr^s explaiia- 
tion of this plate. Ronquet fays, " fon logement eft 
^* tians une rue confaci^e a la debauche, un des re- 
** ceptaclcs les plus abondants en tout ce qu'il y a 
•• dc bas et dc beborde dans cette grande ville." 
Additional inftances of her ppverty are viiible iiv the 
broken panes of the window, the bottle fcrying for 
a candleftick, the bafon for two different kinds of 
water, and in her having no tea-kettle. That Ihc is 
peftered with mice is evident, from the jumping joy 
of the cat. The cane in the condable's hand be- 
longs, no doubt, to this barlot-hunting juftice ; and the 

different p?»rt8 of thJit pii^iirc, it may be proper to quote the 
ift, 5ih, 6th, Sine! 8rh verfes of the 4th chapter of the book 
of Jonah^ premiling, that the Lord having commanded 'Jonah 
to go to Ninr'veh and cry agalnft it, and to forewarn the 
wicVcd inl)al)ir.»nts of irs dcllrviJlion : in conlcqr.cncc it 
whi'-h rlicy r<.pi-n*<-(l in fackch^rh, and fjt la r.flie?, v. hic'i 
c:niiv.'d rhe Alir.ighty Father of Mercy to w'uhJruW his tiiicat- 
encd ven';can('r, which it focois 

I difplcalcd Jonah exceedingly, and he was very 


5. So Jonah went out of :hc cify, and fit on the cad fule '-»:* 

the ^ \*y till he might fee what vvoiild bccoaic ut 

the citv. 

6. Anu the Lord God prepared a gourd, and made it ro 
come up over Jonah^ that it niight be a (hadow yvcr his 
he id 

7. H\u (lod prepared a worm when the morning rofc ihc 
next d'.y, and it fmote the gourd, that it withered. 

8. And ir c .nt ro pals wh.n the fun did arife, that God 
prepared t^nt eail wind ; and the fun beat upou the 
head of Jo nab J that he fainted 


C 7 3 

Other ornaments of this room are, a portrait of thte 
Virgin Mary^ and a pifture of Abraham facrificiog 
Ifaac. Sir John Gonfon is certainly going IQ facrificc 
Mifs Hackabcul ; fo far this pid:ure may apply, but 
Ihe has no hovering angel to proted: her, 


The dangling effigy of Sir John in chains is 
fmoaking a pipe, a never failing joke with Hogarth } 
for not only the giants in Guildball, but the execu- 
tioner at Tyburn, nay, even Jupiter, and an angel in 
the church, mud have their pipes and tobacco. 

The pert primnefs of the dog (who feems as 
watchful after fomething as his maftcr is), the odd 
look of the woman leaning on her mallet, and the 
infernal faces of the keeper and his wife, can fcarce 
pafs unnoticed. 


To add to the confufion of this fcene, a pot li 
boiling over, which either cannot, or is not attended 
to, by the maid and niirfe. The mafk, and a fan, 
are juft taken out of the trunk. Is this to awaken 
a rcccrlledtion of her fcrmcr happy ftate when with 
the Jew ? 

" Alas ! how chang'd from him, 

" That life of pleafure and that foul of whim.** 

I am at a lofs to knovv whv the fan is put throuirli . 
the eyes, and what the round board is near the door ; 


t J j 

Suirej ftridteft*Virt\ife mi^ht-'lef fall a tear, 
' ' - :Aiid ^Mh tlxc fingi ofrfolljr lefe, fe^ete* , , .^ ; 
Hftthi5d#i after haying deicribcd her as in a hliyft- 
lion, proeetd^^ : : ' : : ■.;•'. •,... ;, ,_, 

: WhUft thus in-fenfeteii itoife;.Uiey, fpent.thcy 

. .: breachj .;:::- oj . . v , ,.| 

..:;Iitfantf^;theAfihsQf.<ie«h4v i. 

/:v;Hovr ehaog'd thatb^utebus face>ihow fwoln the 
tongue, ;,..;.-.' . .v/ •;T/-;: ....^..^ 
.Whofe Syr^/i mufick caueht the gay and young:. are the chari?is wKich raU'd the. world taluft ; 
What art thou all ? — ^viie,"putrilFying^;^ft *• 

( • * v^ 

*'i^yn\6t( t4ie %«(tel^titcd Nrfhcy 'jg/i:^/ fo(uhU,:thfi f grim 
** tyrant was inf^wbl}^ apd^ that /h? ^jpujl, p^ft/W houni 
^^ from ivhfttce no trihffllcr^ e*er ret&rAs^ijfie pf ep^arccf "to meet her 
»* farfe withcotif^g^artcfrettgAation/kftei^-makihg a vcfjr pro# 
** |>cr .wi% by: which vth4 pri^plp^l. pai^trpfj hcf fcytune, 
•* amounting to near ten thoufand pounds, was bequeathed 
•*ta her indigent palrftitsi and other ^Idtioiis. . As fllo>ap-* 
•* preached her endj^ihe was yery folicrtous of iieciig hcr-pltpr, 
** whofe courfc of Ufe Had not been ftri^tly virtuous, to aelivcr 
••her laft advice, and ddmonifti hef to pfoAtf'Sy her e««'nipfe. 
^* Her father, who 'ufedi hts beft . endeavmirs . tp eSc£i tbU 
** pious purppfc, wj»d, » however, tpo |ate, having reached* her 
** houfe, in Greek -Street, ^gbVo-Sqiiarc, onl}' ^ re^ tttckiatifh 
** before ihe'eKpifed. 

^* fttdk do\l'n in a fwooh,. from whi^h /bovw^rlFixJi d^4(cu|iv 
« recovered. Thus lived, thus died, the beautiful, the KinjJ, 
«* the fpnfible, the- fraii Naftny £Wot.'* Tow^ aud^Comrf^ 
Mag. Jnnt, 1769; ^ ■'"^'' ■'■ I :'.' ' > ■ '-».[ • ' *: ,: • 

' " t ■ • *l 

«• . ' ■ I 



c « J 

the fanie occurs in the chamber of the Dijlreffed 
Fcei. A broken ink-bottle, and a paper defcriptive 
of the Anodyne necklaces^ lie on the floor^ inti- 
mating, perhaps, that her poor boy^ who feems the 
child of mifety baptized in tears, is inclined to' be 

The poem of T/je Harlot*s Progrefsj which I have 
before alluded to, and which profefTes to be a key 
to this fct of prints, gives other names to the two 
Quacks than thofe generally received, namely, 
Tan—Vy and C—m; however, Gay's poem mentions 
Dr. Mifaubin for one of them. 

Jofeph Gay has introduced in his poem many lines 
worthy perufal ; he interefts us more in the prefent 
fufferings of this unhappy objeft, by fuppofing her 
(different from Dr. Tryjler) not to have plunged 
into her former courfe of debaucheries on her en- 
largement from Bridewell. 

Mariii wept when in the difmal jail, 
Nor wept in vain ; ev'n there her tears prevail, 
And purchafe her rclcafe : but fcarcc v/as fhe 
From Briiic'weirs painful drudgery fct free. 
Ere ftran^c difordcrs her fair frame invade ; 
Ilcr charms decay, the boafted rofcs fade 
On her pale cheek.-* 

fharp pains within 

Rack every joint, and torture cv'ry bone, 
What heart, untouched, could hear her piteous 


• 1 

t ^ } 

Sure, ftrifiteft'Virtile mi^ht'lef fall a tear, 

Arid ^iih the i^ngj ofrfolly lc(s.feVete« 

J[iethied#: after having deicribcd her as in a faliigi* 
lion, jn-Qcecds, . : , . , . ....; 

: Whilft thus in-ftnfctefs eoife^tbey. fpent th$^ 
. breathy .:r:^- .:: . , r . . -j^.j 

: : Mfiria funk iat^. ;the otitis of death* ,, 

.,;How chang'd thatbbautebus face^how fwoln tls& 

tongue, .,..;.- • .../ •:/:;: ■:.. 

^Whofe Syren mufick caught the gay and ypung. 
. ,^ipftare the eharnis which rais'd the. world tq-luft ; 
What art thou all ? — vile, jputriTying^lufl: *• 

t • .V. 

♦ *^«Wheft like tAtbfi^d NiCncy' Eliiif fwjhU.itte fgrim 

*' t)er .vill^ by: which tha pri^dpal part -9^1 bcf fortune, 
** amounting to near ten thourand pounds, was bequeathed 
*^to her indigent palrc^t^) and other Telations. As (ho^ap- 
** preached her end^flse was yery folicitous of %ein{; h^r^-pd^f^^ 
** whofe courfc.of life Kad not been ilri^lly, virtuous, tp deliver 
••'her latt advice, and ddmon-Ifti hef to proAr'bJ' her eitampb, 
••Her father, who 'ufed> his bed endeavours tp e&d tl^^ 
•' pious purpofc, waa, however, tpo late^ having reached' her 
•* houfe, in 6 reck- Street,,§blio- Square', only i few itrotticf/iff 
•* before fbe-expifetl. **.•'',. '. r:.. , ■ - .:-, 

••.When. her death WM ajahpiuoced, l^jfei^ rcmtiaioff 
*• child by the hand, ^t>d, pointing to h^r filler.? em^cjated 
•* b6dy,^a^he:ically dcldtaifkied, Look^iert) ^d immediately 
•• fudk doii'ii in a fwooh, from, which .bov^v^rl^vi/h dilj^cujjhr 
•* recovered. Thus lived, thus died, the beautiful, the ItinjJ, 
•• the fpnfible, the frail Nanny jE///>/.** Towa aud^Coon</y 
Mag, Jnnt, 1769. .'.:.. ••.' 

• ■ » •■• 


* k 


It is {aid this print coofifjs cptirely pf perfonaUtics ; 

fad yet Ox2Xox Benley^ who' is the divine/ and Ket^ 

ilfby *, who wa5 a vociferous b^r-orator, arc ^hc only 

.pimt^ we are yet informed of. The over£owipg of 

'Vhe cb^mber-pot is anpther inftange of their haviog 

' 4runk bard. , The geqtleipan who is vonyciog has an 

admirjible exprpflion^ and the weaknefs pf his right 

'}ian.d }s mpQh in charadcr; he may very juftly fay, 

■ I. .# • ♦ . . * . . . 

^«Ah! pies take that filthy vile punch and the 
** negus/' 

,j, The pandle is on the point of catching the dU 
Vipe's wig. There is a contented fnugncfs in tbe 
pld gentleman, who has put on his night-cgp to 
bouze away more comfortably ; his cloak, hat, and 
wig, are hung up near him. 

The confufion that will very fpon happen is pretty 
evident, fpr the unwieldy politician having fet fire to 
bis ruffle, and to his cravat, the flames will of courfe 
communicate to his face and wig •, he then will ftart 
from his chair, and, in floundering againft that of 
the unfortunate foldier, may moft likely bring down 
with him the tottering do^or, whofe chair, catching 
that of the fporer, Joins him in the general fall : 
thus every figure aflifts in praifing that genius, 

" Whofe vein of humour knows no end." 

* A brief might have been introduced near the lawyer, 
with the words of Mr. Foot cndorfcd— i?/»frr Roffcm againft 
Sir Solomon Simfk^ 



iP L A T E I. 

Mr. Gilpin, in his Efay on Prints^ has favoured as 
v^itb a very excellent defcriptlon of this fet of prints; 
and from the judicious obfervations fcattered 
throughout that work on the fubjedt of Ho^arth^ wc 
have great reafon to regret his not having given ut 
a more exteniive and general crlticifm on his other 
plates. " Mr. Gilpin's remarks are thofe of nice pene- 
tration ; the writer of this trifle extends not his rc- 
fearches further than the dull duty of pointing out 
little rnore than the minuti^ of each print, which, 
though well known to the profeffed admirers of this 
painter, may yet be pafled over unnoticed by others. 
The baize bag may denote the admirable figure be- 
hind the youth to be the attorney, and not the 
appraifer 2 if fo, we may prefume him to be one of 

" Who mifs not. morn, or evening prayer, 
** Unlefs indeed to cheat an heir." 

And Rou^uet fays he is " un procurer 

** fe payant lui meme." The piifture over the chim* 
ney- piece is no bad difplay of HogartVs vis-comica. 
The old piece of furniture, on whidh the black cloth 
is placed, may probably have been taken as a diftrefs 
for rent from his tenants. The window appears to 
be patched with fomething which I cannot make 
out. The taylor fccrfis -very glad the old fellow is 
dead| as. he has the, ntioumFng to make. It might be 
_! . from 

C «4 ] 

from the widow of fiich a perfon as' this taylor that 
the letter which I have fubjoinad to this page was 
f^ntf requeiting the continuance of her hufhand's 
cuftomers ; it is copied from an Awual Regifter *. 

From the fhoe-fgle not being faftened or $nii|ied, 
we may prefunie the old /ather was his own coblcr ; 
and the heinous, figure pf the cat makps one cry 

^ame on the old n;)iferly wretch ; the poor cat finds 

,1 ■ 

plate inftead of meat-— pearls befope fwine* It has 
been faid, that in a mifer'g ^ b^ufe the very rats and 
mice go about with tears in their .eyes* The armoire 
is as curious and valuable as fome of the other lum* 
\>CT ; and his remaining crutch is another inftance of 
his favingnefs ; for, having broke one, he makes a 
walking-ftick ferve in its fiead, rather than purchafe 
another. His very fpeilacle cafes (fans glafles) are 
prcferved ; and even in the contrivance of his can- 
dlefticks, he feems willing to prcferve the glimmer- 
ing bit to its laft fpark; and his fur cap has for many 
winters warmed hitn/ans fire -j-. 

• ** Madam, 

** My hulband is dead, but that is nothing at all ; for 

** Thomas Wild, our journeyman, will keep M/tg for mc the 

*' fame as he did before, and he can work a greir deal better 

•* than he did, poor man, at the laft, ^ I have experience oi\ 

•• becanfe of his ngc and ailment ; fo I hope* for your lady- 

** fliip's ciiflom. From your humble iervint, Ann R — •— s/* 

+ Mr. /'W«?, who wag the HogMrtb of the Drama, has the 

following lines in his Prologue to the Kn^ghh: 

There, whilll the griping Sirr,- with moping care. 
Defrauds the worfd, himself,': t^lCAncbiiit bejr, 
The pious boy, his faher's toj^^\y^dinjg, 
For thoufands throws ^^^main at* CSventGarien. 


C IS 3 


.' The fubjefl: of tht middle pidure is, Tbi JuJgf^ 
tmnt 0f Paris % and tbc young ihcphcrd'i fatifi frpid^ 
and very unpolite attitude, joftly merit the criticifoi 
of Rabelais ^. The attitude ; of yenus is graceful i 
but the mother in the waggon, which is in the M^rih 
to Fimbky^ is |>erhap8 the. molt graceful figure Mr. 
Hogarth has given us. He, has transferred young 
Raktweirs name to hrs horfe, by calling him Silly 
^om^ The expreffioQ in the happy poet's face is as 
finely drawn as are the two tradefmcn near the 

Rouquet obferves, on the figures of Jiubois the 
fencing-mafter, and Figg the prize-fighter, that *' la 
-** vhracite de Tun, Ic fang froid m^prifant dc Tautrc, 
** dtfignent Icurs nations." Old Brid^cmans face will 
interefi every admirer of modern gardening ; and is 
te fcomed the fquart frecifian of the foregoing age^ ke 


* ** Pranfois I. Roi dc France, troit \in Tableau t\}it Too 
*' dtfbit tHt fans defautt ; il permit a rotit le moddc de \t 
** venir con&dercr, ti <ir&}un2 qa'oa lai fie p^irlet unn eeiix 
" qui y trouvcroicnt d<» cU-f-dUiv: cc fibjeau rt|>rcfcma*t 
** Junoa, Veous, Palais & J^'P.rii, riudf« RabUu stj^ii^t l'av</ii 
•• tiatrame long-tetDpf, dit qu^il 7 trcmvoh uo grand d^ffOt 
*^ ciriuseoicot: 00 le. f t parler au Rci^ ij^i hit Byutt d^ 
*^ maudf <|ael etoit cc <l«faut, il xiiyjn4;\ z ba l*\'4yiiLK ifi€ 
** pans ctaat au uuiteu dei troif putt btikf Dceffct da Cie!, 
*« oe dtvotx pat rtre D^Hrefcote <)'iNi li ^^od ftfi^ frotd^ «( 
*' que c*cioit ic XTowptT lourdciueof 'ji.e de ytrAtr q'ic c« 
^* Phoce, jeoat Ic rij^oi^rux, fttt ftiii6 ctiwnire^ fant ddlufitr 
** qudque £gDC qwH etuit b'>OAinc« ckvjxit (rvif D^eCm imiks 
*' %ui r>rhoifnf a i'ewi as Im plairc«" 


t 1^ ] 

ihoulcl have held ih hts hand a better plan. Triifief 
bicaks dut into a very melancholy ledtnre tfgainft 
tfii tff/ ii&ii/ realizes Paintings and improves NsiiHre* 
Tbe perfon blowing the French-horn fcems quitch 
fan aije, and appears^ to pofleis node of thofe infiemal 
gunpowder qualities, fo very confpicuous in this ad- 
mirable figure of Mr« William S/^^V acquaintance*. 

plate" hi. 

Additional inftances of the jiot and cobfufioii are 
vifible in the broken ch^ir behind the rake, fab 
broken cane, the broken glafles, the chamber-pot 
flowing over the lemons, and in ^ the mangled fowl 
with its leg torn off. • 

Hogarth feems very fond of iiitrodiicibg King Da^ 
vid\ he has in this plate }>erched him on the top of 
the harp ; and in the fecbnd plate of the Harloi's 
J^rogrefs has not made him appear in a very intereft- 
ing light. The head of Pontac may not improperly 
accompany a fet of dejars, as he feemingly pofleffe^ 
the brutality of one of them, who amufed himfcif 
with prnd:ifing on his violin when Rome was burning; 
and Mr. Hogarth has made David no lefs infenfible 
to the fate of I'otus Mundus. I don't know who this 
Fontac was — probably a noted keeper of fomc noted 
and, perhaps, infamous ale-houfe. The black girl is 

* Thif amiable acquaintance would have compofec! a very 
curious " Sentimental Journey through France and Italy,'* — 
or he would have been a no lefs curious camfagn^n de vtyage 
ioT foor Torick. 


E 17 ] 

archly pointing to the porter, and they both appear 
to enjoy a black joke, which is playing on young 

The mighty Qefar indeed lies low ; now none fo 
foor to do him reverence. The mutilation of Vefpqfiat^s 
head is made to refemble a fox's ; whether this was 
meant fo I know nor* From a periilfal of his life, I. 
cannot fjnd that he pofTefTed any quality peculiar to 
that animal, unlefs indeed his avidity for mone]|^ 
might have obliged him to exert much cunning In 
the procuring it ; as^ notwith (landing his many ex« 
cellent and noble qualities, and the bleffings of his 
reign, he is well known to have defcended to many 
fordid exactions, and indeed to many firange ones» 
of which his tax on pifs-pots is not the lead remark* 
able *• 

• • • ■ » 

P L A T E I V. 

The dog feems to poifefs the petulant irafcible 
temper of his mafter ; and the ruined circumflances 
of the rake oblige him to pay his court at Si. James^Sj 

* Th« fbllcwiog anecdote I met with in ** Fables^ Lettrcff^ 
•• ct Varietes HiftoriqUM," p. 343. ** k'ej^jten n'etani cnrore 
que fimple particulier, et vivant fort a I'etroit, av'oit 
niarqu6 beaucoup d*ividit6 pour I'argcnt. C'eft ce qui 
** lui fut reproch£ par un vicil cfdave, qui ie voyant devenu 
*' enipeieur, lui demanda avec les pricres les pins vives et les 
*V phif preflantes, d'etre mis gratuitement en libertc. Comroe 
** VeJPi^tH le refufoit, et exiffeoit de Targent : « }e )e vois 
** bien, dit I'efclave, le re/iarj chvLUgc de poil, mais non dc 
•« caraftirc." 

D in 

[ i8 ] 

in the hopes of obtaining fome place^ or peniion : 
his fpiriis arc very much lowered fince we faw him 
laft. The little (Irange-dreft figure, near the gate^ 
fomewhat refembles one (thoujg;h very diftantly). in 
the print of Noon. The fleepy carelefsnefs of the 
lamp-lighter, and the particular look of the fellow 
with his little finger cocked up, who is either ad- 
miring the delicate handkerchief hanging out of the 
pocket, or elfe is going to put it into his own, 
with the indifference and pleafcd unconcern in the 
bailiff, who has a club in his hand, a bruife on his 
forehead, and a quid in his mouth, are all admir- 
ably expreffed. 

The blackguard gamblers form a group truly 
curious; the chimney-fweep is peeping over the 
poi[lboy*s cards, and with his two fingers difcovcrs to 
his adverfary the honours he has in his hand ; furely 
the exprcffion in this face equals moft of thofc Mr. 
Hogarth has given us. This pollboy prcfcrvcs in his 
cap (which feems to have been formerly a hat, but 
fince cut round) the remnant of a candidate's letter, 
requcfting his vote and intereji: if fo, we have the 
felicity of having bis mite thrown into parliament in 
fupport of — perhaps in deftrudtion of— the liberty 
of Br it am *. Few reprefentations of characters in 
this clafs of life have given me more plcafurc than 

♦ Befides 1 am promis'd, by old Humphrey Fotv^ohlcr^ 
The votes ot* three taylors, two fmiths, and a coble r. 

Election Ball, a Poem. 


[ 19 ] 

the little fhoe-black politician* The news, or poll' 
ticks of the day, which are recorded in his Fartbihg 
Cljronicle, give him fuch pleafure, that neither the 
confufion io near him, nor the difgufting noifc of the 
dog, can, in the leaft, wean his attention from his 
dear pleafure, or print in his features other marks 
than thofe of contentednefs, and delighted attention ; 
he, no doubt, is very pftcn at a nonplus^ at many 
cramp words which he muft meet with, .as well as m 
the mention of events, and of men , 

" mightier far than he." 

At the finiihing each long paragraph, he probably 
indulges himfelf with a little. fOp: of bisgin^'and 

, gives a peep in his pipe. He carries jiis little ibop 
with him (if it really is his), trufting moft likely (o 

. fome bulk, or flail, for his night's lodging ; and de- 
pends on chance, and each returning day, for bring- 

; ing him. fome kind cufiomer ; the flagged pavement 
ferves him for a habitation in the day-time, where he 
amufes himfelf in running through the little circle of 
bis pleafures^ unmindful of the additional window- 
tax, or of houfe^rents, or repairs; and thus does this 
poor creature fwim down the gutter of time. 

P L A T E V, 

Under the boy in the gallery, who is viewing the 

fray, arc thefe lines, ** This church of St. Mary^lc-bcne 

** was beautified in the year 1725. T^ko. Sice, Tho. 

.5* Morn^ Churchwardens." And as this print came out 

D 2 only 

T»r . • iT 

* " • . 

Rtmquet fays, ^ L'auteur n'a pas oublie dc placer 
<^\ia' grilfe i I'ouverture de la chiminee, precaution 
^* ordinaire dans les falcs dc jeu, pour retenir cc que 
^ la rage des. joueurs maihcureux leur fait jetter au 
**;feu k tout mmnent;^^ . • . ... 
. The gentleniiaD' in mourning may probably juft 
-have received the fum he now lofes from a deceafed 
firknd. The littte innotent-Iooking waiter,' i^hofe 
mind feems calqily at eafe, makes one enter more 
deeply into the forlorn mifery of the highwai^inan, 
who is fo loft in the gloomy melancholy of his- foul, 
that neither thc; boy's bawlifig earnefinefs of civility, 
nor his kind ihake, .c^n in the leaft awaken or unfix 
the attitude of gloomy defpondence. // was cbd- 
railefj the pajftons^ the foul^ ibat Hogarth's genius uas 
given bim to copy. 


The poem of the Rakes Progrefs, which I have 
mentioned before, hints at the name of one of the 
chara(fters in this print, who is under the pair ot 
wings, which, from their not being faftcncd on wirh 
wax, are an improvement of thofe which Dtdalu^ 
made for his unfortunate fon Icarus : 

His wig was full as old as he, 
In which one curl you cou'd not fee ; 
His neckcloth loofc, his beard full grown. 
An old torn night-gown not hijj own. 

L . 

■ C as ,] 

L 1 great fchemift, that .q^ jpay 

The Nation's debts an eafy way. 

The blunder in the endorfem^nt 0f! the S^tc^/ment, 
in Marriage-h-la'-modc^ may tend to confirm Mr. 
Nichols's opinion,, in fupppfing the iniccwacy of 
fpelling, in Mr* Rich's letter^ to ihavi?. beea no ridi- 
cule of thstt gentleman's deficiency in that refpeA^ 
but to have been a real blunder of Hogarth's. 

If the one-ey*d woman is really his wife, Ihe feems 
very little difpofed to gild the evening of his day; -Ihe 
rather feenis determined to make, it fet in gloomy nigbt. 
His countenance ihews him to a very d.ifferpi^ 
opinion from Petruchio, who fuppdfed a woman's 
tongue could not give half fo great a blow to thp 

ear, as a chefnut in a farmer's fire. The little re- 

■ . • • • 

fpedt fliewn by the manager to the produce of his 
genius, on which he had no doubt formed high 
hopes of fuccefs, added to the infulting caution of 
the boy, who prevents him tailing the refrelhing 
^pot he may fo much long for, with the demand of 
the jeering and ^eefd gaoler, who is fo feldom the 
frUnd of man, and the infernal raging of his rib, who ' 
has a look as if fhe had been loos'd out of hell tofpeak 
of horrors : this uncbmfoitable aflemblag^ proves too 
much for the weak fpirits of the faithful woman, 
*' qui s'evannouit a Tafpeft d*un homme, pour leqUel 
*' elle n*a point ceflc de s*intereffer tcndremcnt,*' who 
has followed him through each change of life, and 
4 * ' whofe 

-^ T 



^3Jt meas tt 

n gaum £ ii mi3DC22ir 

!2K yimnn ir 



. 1 — 

: I'l 

* inniuUL >P 1 iCiuL SIC rrartt i pnxc. r-xu 

uatin, i» 

[^5 3 

_. • • 

KaheweU Is chaining down to the floor, to prevent 
his deftroying himfelf, as the wound ihews us he has 
already made an attempt : his feems to be that kind 
of madnefs which Mr. Garrick exhibited in Lear; 
from whofe performance, it is faid, Mr. Gray rook 
his idea of moody madmfs laughing wild. 1 he dog is 
finely intraduced : not to (hew that faithful attention 
to their mailers, even \ti diftrefs and poverty, which 
marks thofe dogs in Gin-Lane^ and in the fixth plate 
of the *Prentices\ but t6 awaken our pity in this rc- 
prefentation of the ruins of human nature, in feeing 
a brute creature making flight of, and, perhaps, dif- 
turbing and perplexing an unhappy objeft ♦• The 
emaciated figure, and the countenance, of the aftro- 
nomer, are horridly fine ; nor is the frightful figure 
of the mufician lefs admirable, on whofe fingers are 
five rings : this, furely, has no allufion to FarinelWs 
prefents ? 


Very little can be added to Dr, TruJUr^s explana- 
tion. This fpfawling angel of fome country Laguerre 
has but one wing; but this deficiency is very amply 
made up by each leg having two thighs -, and the 
want of uniformity in the window panes, as well as 
the grofs difproportion in the windows at the top, 

* The Poet of Nature obfervcs, that 

Naturefis fiacin love: and, where *tis fine. 
It fends forni;,pj;ep^ip^?,inftance of itfclf 
After the thmg it^Tovci, 

E fliew 


nie«r¥eTf~ ciMfty tb* hand of- s TiHafr 
'TEe liofi fceiM more tatae tbsi we gf in ally idr 
bffffi, it having beeir the catlom, for tome txxnr pift^ 
to pmc him always in a monftioiw. pafiau 

T^e wme-cop is nor improperty placed near- the* 
ctcrft, who now and tbeir venr profaifaLy takcLm £0 
of the comoMRNQB wine at other times than an tbm 
facramenr. Tfiia very admiiahie ligiR of fd£.im^. 
pof t s mc c difeovert fomerhing of ths gni£ IiaBgifr» 
tineft of furly digpiipfovifible iaAbel S^mt^ txuMBi 
with a fbohoor twoof ayJUagc^ ehiwiBi a ttrr. d igp i ay , 
bi»-feaMfCf bt^ n^bra /aarir foftened by theinsa^ 
jiig. o^jtSt near Unu- TE» other phizzea aae- nor 
€0me0hm^ b«t pne nttore^ Old Dmggfs h— j^^-i 
y ef lif f bia wig^ ftiw a very gieat chmge in. tfaoto 
ptffi of the ctarkal dveft* Tbe oid womaa is Akdo^ 

•*' I -ike »:he fif^re you fee in ^-onr grandmother's 
*' p!t>ure, 

^ Wirh her nc€k in a nitf^ ind her waiA ia a. 
'^ girHle, 

'^ And l^T rhro;»r like a ram^s that is caught a 
<' a Mffll^/' 

An EledlonMiall, a poem. 


An irWirional inftanw ni the poet's [lov e i t y ap^ 
p*ir3 in rhe CMpboard^ which contains nothing bur x 
prr yrr^^ rWMifr ; and indeed he has: no iiiu£rs "o h:s 
r'^^.H IcHick. I am at a lofs CO find onr the onxamem: 


t it } 


Wit l\it etiimftey.plece, <inkfs if li a piece of wood 
Vith caftj ift plaifter of Parts fiiied into it; fome* 
thing fimilaf to tiiis^ hanjgs up m ttlfe (iftK plate of 
the H&rlot*sft9grefs. The pokef fhay have formerly 
been a feftdng foil. A cltJtheV brufh is near the 
fwofd J aftd a piptf ^Yii! tdbacco (his fohcc tfftcr bis 
jobs Are dOrtcf) He hi the window feat. The porter^ 
pot i^ put dti a chaiV, as they hive but otie tablCi 
Mr. Fm^ might haVe had this print in hisr eye wRen 
wrhiAg fdthe of his fcenes in the Author. In Bancks^i 
t^iiiiy vot. li; 'p. 5, this print is Copied as a head^ 
piete to" an Epiftle ; th^te are many variations, in- 
deed fo many as atoolV to change the piece; one 
Vacfiation, hdv^dter, is the placing a fpidei^V web bVcif 
the flre-gfate. 

The FOUR PARTS of the DAY. 


A farther inftancc of the propriety of Mu Hogarth 
having introduced a fccnc of riot within King^s Cuffee^ 
houfcy may be feen in an 8vp poem, printed in 1738, 
entitled " Tom K-^-^g's ; or the Paphian Grove**' 
In this print the cofiee-houfe is placed direftly under 
the dial ; whereas, in the fecond plate of the above 
quoted poem (which reprefents the watch taking a 
gentleman into cuftody)) it is placed at a confider* 
able diflance from the church ; but thefe minutiai 
IB Mrl Hogartb^s works (even fuppofing he Ihould 
be wrong in this inftance) will be overlooked, as 

E 2 •• hil 

f *9 3 

iimfelf. The pewter-ppt fet on; the pbtt sit the 
rxtremity of the market^, with tihe other thr^e jK>t$ 
[\x& above^ denote that liquor is fold at the hojjfe, 
IS the fame iniignia are feen in the next plate .'^^ . I 
un at a lofs to know what thofe things are on the 
baiket^ near the ihivering fervadjt, unlefs they are the 
:ups to contain the bk>od^ which the dgdor tsikic% 
from his patients* •».* ^:y ^.] \ »•.. • 

• f rr • 


No one has yet given us the names of any p^rt of 
;his admirable group of the Frfnck congregation { 
everal of them were, no doubt, drawn from nature. 
Fbe gentleman in the black wig is an admirable &* 
rure, as indeed are mofl of them. The womai^ wJjlq 
s clofe behind the fine Frenchman, feems to pay par* 
icular attention to fome part of his drcis^ which has 
ilfo moft forcibly ilruck the old fudge, behind her« 
\n old gentleman near them fmiles complacently on 
he little children near him ; and the peruke of the 
>ld gentleman (whofe dockings are rolled at the top) 
bems made to .keep hb neck and Ihoulders comfort- 
ibly warm, very different from that of the French 
)eau. Why is a I^Ue fufpended at tlie top of the 
•hapel ? 

The fine lady feems expatiating on the accom- 
>lifhments of her fon, and the young gentleman 

* " Taith, thdfe are politic notes 1" See p. .256, of Mr. 


t 3« J 

liiaiftif doe* Abt ftem vcff infeinfibl^ te thefts { k 
!• 19 the ttikude of ftcbring 1m own fwcec perfixr^ 
IMd' is ftidy contvafted Wttk hk opp6<ice neigli{>owv 
who ^poor bof !) diftteifts hknfdf very littk tntwe^ 
count of i^i^ 4i«ii, hi» ^tef procee^f fram a mMe 
lubftantiar^ caoft ; Vbe ArMfift geMlaviaii is bO' die 
poiat of fsf^tiog tkis little pvq^^j^, ami probaMf fiijpi 
to the lady ^^ que Mon6eur eft aimfi&feP'' 

Whoever attentively views the black fervant^ the 
pretty maid, and the cau/e of th^ fudden fpirt of die 
p^rff (liFblch may probably fcarld the already afBified 
boy)^ill jsiftly term Hogarth a painter of the paffien^ 
ftfoft Kkely the gentleman in the iwmdow^ who ft 
oageiiy grappa at the mutton and eollyfloweTi wonM 
think hi9 wife sr reorl good womartj if her head wa» off| 
as her voice (if one may judge irom her cownte* 
nance)' feenw pretty fhriil. There appears to be two 
mutton-chops painted at the bottom of the fign, 
wbLeh one iho«ld be more inclined to think gooi^ 
94Uingi than ^ Baptift's head. 


The rich leaves of the vine, and ftill richer fruif^ 
the jaded i])aniel; the fulMea\^ed trees, and the tight- 
ncfs of mifs's (hoe, all affift in telling us the extreme 
beat* of the weather, without the additional affiftancc 
oF madam's embroiled face, and the big round dt^ 
Cfiurfing down her innQcent cheek. Though the huiband 
pulls off hi$ hat and gloves, to enable him the more 


C 3« 3 

ch<terfuUy to bear the weight of his cbild^ who holds 
tightly by his neckclothi (fo fulcr y an evening !) and 
is further obliged to fupport the weight of his wife's 
retting on his flipulder i yet the paOions exprefled in 
his face may proceed not only from thcfc caufcs, but 
from his dire apprehenfion of ofiending his unwieldy 
rib^ who obliges him to attend on her each Sunday 
evening to fome bread and butter manufactory , at a 
time when he, perhaps, may be longing to attend 
his club al ihe Nag^s-Head, with Jemmy Perkins ib€ 
packer^ and little Tom Simkim the grocer. The child's 
ihoe is fallen off unobferved^ which may occafipn 
him a good cuff, if the maid^^fervant behind does not 
luckily pick it up ; the heel of the child's (locking 
being quite wore away, ihews madam to be a very 
carelefs houfewife. The three people under the win^ 
dovv appear to be round a table refreihing themfelves* 
There feems to be a goofe painted as the fign to the 
other houfe ; and the fubjed which decorates ma^ 
d;un'$ fan is Venu^ and Adonis : — ^pity flie has not one 
of Mr. Hall of Margate's fafioral twined crooks ♦^ 
The domineering and tyrannic fway of the mother 
feeiQS infufed into her ilKtempercd daughter. Mr* 
Foote might have been indebted to this print for the 
firft conception of his inimitable Jerry Sneak and 
wife ; and might have introduced the major^ who is 
as vtctous as an old ram, from the circom dance of the, 
cow's horns ; and Mrs. Sneak is made to exclaim^. 

• Sec Mr. KJeatt't ** Skstchei from Nature,** toU fl. p. io^. 

C j: 


Trte 09K& br»ks dovn In 2 3zo£ mthsckr i%Qt^ 
r.^ jf the bcrrifrr md hii scgsboar m air 
f|utdc in apcaiaf^ rtc daar^ rhc dnff i iiua of tie 
fmgm Ytii be SEi nzore wocfal, as '^e 
irerr »y»i be dr fir^ Wicn dze ucrpesr 
kf pt^0g;reisy br cocnxBg cd the boram of tbe 
k win ri»fce them dance prcrrr axernlr. Tlie 
fcinrf !)ebmd the coach nuj be a p affirrg e r^ s ; Acre 
Si h^ baifcec ; pitr we doa'r fee the cu t ifufiuu or dbe 
cotfdnmn and hfs oatfide paflengcts. Tke fierr 
lfghf« wbicb » (een on the odirr fide of King C2or&i'x 
ihme, prnceeA% from a boofire, or probabhr from a 
Iioiife on fir*?, to fhcw rhc danger of throwing fe:3« 
i^rA (c:T>fT.tA, and xhich mav asTc cccaficncd rzc 
Kor^*^^ v> ovrr'^rim •he coach. Whv has the mn 
rr7- fhe butcher a v:ccdm fxord ? Tbr fig-jrrc c: 
the rip'^htman (if i: h a nightman) is admirablv £nc; 
h^ follov^ part of the fyfiem of drcfs of the noted 
»,Krm lUufe ; Jind he fixes his bit of candle with a dab 
r>f cii'^ The waiter (with his fnuffcn) appottrs a 
r»f'}" b'juxjj though not fo outrageous as the Frce- 
mifon,>hofe cut on the forehead is frdh and bleed- 
ing ; that on the waiter's is an old bruifc from fbme 
former rejoicing night. 

The inimitable figure in the (hop feems to rcptif- 
fcni fomc fat oil-man, who is getting himfelf readv 


[ S3 ] 

for fupper ; he appears a very fit perfon to be ad- 
mitted a member of a certain fnug focicty, in the 
pariCb of St. Clement Danes^ who have made it a 
rule for many years, regularly every Sunday, the very 
moment <:hurch is over, to disjwrH to a fixed hpuft^ 
and the regulations of this worjbipful fociety are-HC9 
remain only one half hour-r-to have regularly, the 
year through, nothing byt a fmall fuetty dumpling 
cachr-^and each perfon to hav^ no more than pn^ 
pint of porter. This comes top before their dinner^ 
which in all likelihood is ready in a quarter of an 
hour afterwards. - 

Dr. trufler fays, that in this Ibpp " we difcovcr 
'^ the joint operation of fliaving and blMling by a 
*' drunken 'prentice ; beneath is a beggars' bagnio ;'* 
we may fee the confuiion thefe poor crqatvires will be 
in, by knocking- their heads againft the top of the 
bulk when bounced up by the fquib of thi^ unlucky 

STROLLING ACTRESSES dreffing in a Barn. 

This admirable piece has received a very di(tin« 
guifhed compliment from Mr. Walpole ; to dwell 
then further on its general merit would be abfurd l 
but, as Trujler has not particularly direded the atteQ« 
tion to the places where many of the allufions arc to 
be difcovered, I will, in order; to favc my readeri 
the trouble^ point tlrem out astilearly as I-ihIh. : 

J >-- F '' Us 

* . ■• . 


..«•-■ 4. «... 

■ *»> to ••I -_> 

... : .- . ; 'Tj K ■■■ * f 

. — ■ • • ■, If-.. •«««■•««• r 1 ...... . . ^.^ 

cc: : ^ 

i.-i- JL • I? '?•!•.!» .'. ■• tr* tr.^ ^'" t: . rzr.. v.i::. r:: n, 
ij!' i'lwn-." '.".LVTr ■ 'jrr.c:. rr." r:^,. 1::. cl* 

■ • t ■ 

w4 h* * 

» •• - — - ^< 

4111*. :; ^ •'.'. :•.'/' ?rv no*" aiicniuiL- :: ux- mmn: 
.■• i- . \": t.»r:. -^ 'jv ir.v." cand:*. y.TZiii ar.rrn:.'.: 

o"i*.fti:r. \ Tint... t: -u^. crniciir-.- ttsp :• : 

•»"t I ? ixuc' III:* i^* rrnni- " izrzrzr' • i.- i. 

• .» ":■.::::' ::• ; :* '.:: ::: :..; ;it 

•:n; • . -ml 

m t • ■ 


m \ m ■■■■ •-!• 

\b * ■■•■■ 

- • /i- "•'■■.•-: 

1 «& • i< 

. I ■ 

• » ■ 


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1 1 • 

1 * ■ 4 


\»A.:^ i UMb«i . i4l . '»*•'. 

C 35 3 

• - - — - — 

beef.flejiks ; and whether the cggson the bed are for 
their fuppers (one of which is quaihed), or whether^ 


to render the ^/yr^/iV voice ftill. more clear and ^^^ 

chanting, J know, not. 1j*hc two .p^ay-^blills arc ;w§ttj 

worth reading * ; and the refp^ they fl^w tl^e A^j 

which declared them vagrants is yifible from its being; 

foiled with the pap-cup; nor is lefs regard ihewaj 

to the crown^ near which is a chamber-pot, Ther 

poor little child, in cocking up its eye at its mother 

(for the bill gives the part of the eagle to a womaRaii 

and indeed this bird's iho^s are of .thefeipalelqincl)*: 

is , terrified with a moft frightful and angry afpc^jf 

and throws up its pap, which the provident mamma^ 

(wanting to put the child to bed) would willingly/ 

thruft back, jiurora (not Guidons) is doing a very, 

kind office for an intoxicated Jfyrerif in cracking a 

loufe ; and this fyren is very comfortably cheering 

up the fpirits, or endeavouring to abate the tooth-ach^ 

of a female, whofe tears can fcarce proceed from her 

being obliged to appear in men*s cloaths (there bcr. 

ing but one man, a Mr. Bilkvillage^ in the company)^ 

unlefs, indeed, ihe has been but a very ifaort time 

With this abJiraB and brief chronic li of the times : her 

* " The tragedy of Jafie Share has been preicntcd here thif 
*' week, when Mrs. Cibber exerted thofe powers which have 
** juftly procured her the reputation of a great a^trefs ; and ia 
*' the mad fcene, the expreffion in her countenance, and the 
*• irrcfiftible magic of her voice, thrilled to the very foul of 
** the audience j after which they were entertained with the 
^^'furprizing phaenomenon of Rope-Daucing.'* Gray's Ina 
Journal, voLL 33. 

F 2 tears 

C 36 3 

tears maj proceed from (crerc pain ; and Mr. H^ 
gartb by thts nurf infianate, thar^ from the (carcicf 
of performert, no pain, diftemper, or fufferings \% hat- 
ever, will excufc them from frstting their bo\ir upoa 
tke ftage ; flffe female^ and the monkey (^ho Icems 
tO'be afflided' neitfa the gravel, and Loth of whom 
have ftrange dippanel for 7«]p//«^i coun) are 'to reprt- 
fent the attieodants, as every other parr of this diabo- 
lical drama is exaffiy filled up. One fet of the up- 
right waves IS leaning on the feftooned column ; and a 
bto and het two little chickens are qfieef on the other 
fct. If there had' been no roof to the barn, I Oiould 
have/uppc^d the dram, trumpet, and bcibir:, were 
placed 6n the roof of a pig- (lye. Cupkfs tTxatrical 
wings not nermltcing htm to fly, he is obliged to 
rhount a ladder, in order to rtach Jupit€r*s llockings, 
tb which his majcfty is pointir.p, having borrowed 
Cupid's bow, and they arc hangirg to dry on the 
cionds ♦. 

Diana, who is trcadinp; on her hop, feems not 
quire fc chaftc as the ijide (from punjl fr.czc;) that 

• Ppomi'ter. 
H^rkcc; Sauiri/en ^>^thc managers have oHcrcd mc to dif. 
c^'ifi-; - th^ inRii .4t the lighmiiig ; be was 1u drunk the Utl 
time lu* tiiiHicd, that he has f. ^cd all the clouds on that fide 
the Aagc. \^i uimin^^ to the iumJs,] 


Yes, }c«, I fee it ; and haikce — he has burnt a hole in the 
Dcw cafcade, and let fiie to the (bower of rain — but mum 


The deuce he muil be difchnrged dire<fily. 

Mr. CanUk's " Peep l)ehind the Curtain," p. 10. 



£ 37 3 

gcQ^rally hangs on her roajc^'s t(^rftpk• The heat 
pi Medyfa^ on the target, it certigiiilf pot improperljr 
placed near this rantd^ repreieptatiYe of the pale 
ipopn^ but it would have been Oiore .ptoperljr placed 
near the female tumbler • The bowl or gpbbt tf 
poifon is on the point of tumbling 00 Malufiifs kui^ 
beipg iuiihed off the ^tqr by the deyil's, paw. Ott 
of the cats is very f^ugly employed in rolling about 
f he gl9l^e of royalty (neither of whofe tails haveycfc 
b€;en bled )j; while the pthf r iji pacing the lyre ofi^pott^ 
which has s( rppe or haltfHr (I thiidl) thxown Boroftl^ 
I api at a lofs to find o^it the nfoLofthe oups i|id baited 
pplefs they are foi; coojwiog; if fd^ tibey aad tiM 
-dfirk lantern pay but a vffry poor compUment to tht 
lights of the churchy who^fe mitre, ittftead pf being 
^led with tbofe qualities wiiii whicb^^fii/^/v bii 
icnmprtaliaxd the good old Cr/inmir^ is iiese ftutfbd 
with, ajid fervea as a bftikct for j^ys. T3m accuser 
oi^ Crflnmer wa» certainljf a dark idntera to reUgtotf 
rrhe "Hon few Jirayjtng fmk vnih mmit^ sgahu 

A cufhion, old wigs, and a monkey piiSng ioijtor^ 
ander's helmet^, are ot^er objeifts in this com^« 
Night J fable Goddefs ! {very pr/operly reprefented by 
^biufiik girl) havipg j\)ft defcended frcm her ebM 
throne, and 9n whom the fiar ^f evening fkines Vfsrf 
confpicuouily (being a ihuiU brafs inftrument ufed* 

♦ To what bafe ufes may we returo^ Horatio! Why may 
not imagination trace tba iiobJe daft oi Jh s mt tJer^ ^till he find 
it ftopping a bung-hi^]^ I JHMh* 


iarj^miSog if^ttff ' lAkfi^^Misetf k belongs' to m 
ipnwcr in the tatde)^ is^ ^itK m, '^cry prettj twirl m 
Her Uttk fiagtr^ drftWii^ upa Ik^ m the &ickii^ of 
tte.wifc ^JMc *^titio, fitting bar -» tnTcitcd wfatel- 
knronr, is prt^ring to^rcKvn fhe'JfUtge in tem$^ and 
jMtfife.prefent timnc tnay occafionalfy ferye for that 
flfPoMMTil^'or (filled with iodes and brick-liats) 
fiekridiethindfirin^ machine df iierhuflMmd^ ^bofe 
jbolt rddi xtvf qoieriy near the ^ dnder*box, and 
ivhidiy together ^imh a folliiigf-pin and fidt-hox 

(^ imrlu on which I oannot gueis the meanii^ of), 
me all placed upon a • fumed-up trunk. The pale 

ilMciaffd g^oftX^"^ ^^ ^) ^ ^^^ preienied to 
mr vfew, whofeitigger is fttick in the doak, out of 
i^'WEf^ OusLiat miynimeii/M mfi cajoy her 'plea- 
Alt -pafliiMv in cnniddng >W a poor cac^ 

tail, for fiMhe^ of the Uoodf fcencs in this tragedj. 
The fqualling of thas onfortuiiate animal/ as wcH as 
that c^the child (who is throwing up its pap) will 
not much aflift the infpiration of Jtmc, and may pro- 
bably ycry foon ' draw forth her majejtfs wrath ; the 
cat's wrath has caufcd the female tumbler to have 
iifiracliou in her ajpeil^ apd from the great fcarcity of 
men in this company, Ihe ftrikes one as being admir- 
ably calculated to flay En/es rarely^ or i part io te^r 
M cat in. Jupiter feems (asibon as he has put on his 
dean (lockings) to be thinking of a bit of fuppcr^ 

•High queen of ftatc. 

Great Jmio ; 1 koow her by her gaiu 


6 or 

t 39 3 

or rather a luncheon, or way-bait before, having juft, 
left on the tf//tfr, his pot of porter*,, a two-penny- 
loaf, fome tobacco in a paper, and a pipe full of it^ 
fmoking on this alur, and will then probably remove^ 
the cruft of Chejbire .icheefe from Flora's toilet. Twa 
young devils with horns Juft budded are taking thoi 
liberty of rafting this porter before Jt4piter returns ; 
and, if oae may judge from both their countenances^ 
it feems to be a very favourite liquor with them ; 
the attitude and expreflion of impatience in the oiiej|. 
who has a hole in his arm-pit, is admirably fine; 
but the exuberant relilh of the other can never fail, 
of drawing fome handfome compliment to the pqin^ 
ter's genius. A bafe-viol is leaning againft the altar 5, 
and behind the female tumbler are fome old fcenes. 
fuch as that of a tree, or a wood ; with fome linen 
drying ; a paint- pot and pallet on a bench; Romam 
ftandards occafionally ferving for every nation under, 
heaven, and from the pofition of one of thefe ftandards, 
the fenate and Roman people are fupported from falU. 
ing by a rope-dancer*s cord. A little above, appears 
a fcene painted for the reprefentation o( Lee^s Oedipus ; 
the flag and triumphal car will grace their proceflions ; 
and the latter, filled with ftones, and rolled along the' 

* ** Ladies, you can*t poffibly have any thunder and light- 
** ning this morning ; one of the planks of the thunder-trunk 
*' darted the other night ; and, had not Jupiter ftepp'd afide to 
'^ drink a pot of porter, he had been knock'd in the head 
** with his own thunderbolt,*' Mr, GarrUk^t ** Peep behind 
•* .the Curtain," p. 2i, - 

. ■ ■- -■ claftSc 

t 4b 3 

^iMe plaoks) w3l make mdl jdmirabTe Aunda *• 
Ihe dragoDS afc ccrtamlT not Jkeprng on the cfocads: 
tbqr i^m pv'C^T watchful ; and ftould the c9o«rti^ 
eye pop opoQ thtm, he will, na doubt, qukklr re* 
move his qoaiters, and may get a very fevere toaiMe 
fer bis peepiDg-f. 


We yet want to know what game the little girl 
fias been playing at with her ball, and the Tprigs^ cr 
ftmething like them, which arc fiuck in the grouod. 
The little boy moft probably made the hole to piddk 
in, '^ and the little mifs is looking camcftly on the 
•• operation ;'' her Httlc eyes wondering that her bro- 
ther fhould perform that operation in a diflferect 
manner from what ihe docs. The (harp and fierr 
rage of the almoft diflraded mufician might per- 
haps have been a little foftened, had his eyes been 
fixed direilly on the face of the merry milkmaid ; 
but unfortunately rivetting them on the poor Jew, 
his difcordant notes, and the ferene and happy con- 
tentednefs of his features, ferve to increafe his rage 
almoft to madnefs. The cxpreffion in the fowgcldcr^s 

♦ ** Yon ftars, yon funi, he rears at pleafure higher, 
•' Illumes their light, and fcts their flames on fire. 
•• Immortal Richf how cnim he fits at eafe, 
•• 'Mid fnowf of paper, and fierce hail of pcafc ; 
•' And, prond his mirtreft* orders to perform, 
•* Ridet IB the whirlwind, and dircfts the ftorm.** 

Dunciad, B. III. 1. 3-^.' 

f Set Appendix, N^ 9. 


C 4* 3 

face cannot be overlooked. It would 6e no very 
eafy qu^ftion to determine which of the many noifes 
in this Babel of favage founds would be the moft tor- 
inerttmg, fuppofing a mufician, or indeed any other 
perfon who had his hearing, was obliged to fupport 
6ne of them — ^it is very eafy to fay which would be? 

As Mr. Nichols has givert us the very excellent 
remarks of Dr. Beattie^ I cannot refill introducing 
the following humane and generous compliment 
which Mr. Murphy pays to Cervettiy as he is the 
mufician generally fuppofed to be introduced ; he w 
lately dead (fince Mr. Nicholses laft edition of his 
Work), and, as I have been informed, was decently 
buried by means of a contribution - among the per- 
formers of Drury-lane^ among whom Mr. King was 
a very liberal dontributot. . " The perfon here in- 
** tended is Monf. Cervetli, who has been a (landing 
" joke with the upper gallery for a long time paft^ 
" on account of the length of his nofe ; but as I 
^* am informed that no featute of his mind is out of 
^^ proportion, unlefs it be that his good qualities are 
*^ extraordinary, I take this opportunity to mention 
*' that it is cruel to render him uneafy in the bufincfs 
*^ in which he is eminent, and by which he mud get 
" a livelihood.'* Cray VInn Journal, Vol. II. p. i8. 


C A^ 3 



Not only the crutches are marked with a digni-* 
fying coronet, but the bed, the chandelier, the look- 
ing-glafs, the fide-board, the chairs, the footltool, 
and the very dogs. Rouquet and Urujler mention one 
of the lawyers as viewing with admiration the beauty 
of the edifice ; but it was referved for Mr. TValpole^s 
eye to difcover the blunders in the architecture* 

The nobleman is probably faying — that though the 
mortgage certainly takes off fo much from the eftate* 
^^^ei coYifidttj fir^ my hlood^l apd the thief in the 
tandle is cmblematick of the noblcmah^s efiiate being 
fun to wade by negligence. From Mr. Nicholses 
happy explanation of one of the pictures in this 
apartment, we have to regret his not proceeding in 
the fame clear and pleafing manner with the others, 
as well as with that of Neptune on the cicling ; — 
there arc, no doubt, covert allufions in each of them. 


•^ Cettc figure du mari," hys Rcuquety '* par la 
'^ nouveauce du tour, la fincflc, Ic detail, et la verire 
•• de rexprcflion, eft a mon gout une figure extreme- 

* ** Though my cftatc is certainly much incumbered (faid 
a nobleman to a rich citizen when met to fettle terms for his 
marriage with the daughter), yet, conlider, my dear Sir^ 

there's my blood I'' "Oh ! d — n your blood, faid the oM 

gcmlcjnan, my daiit^hter can't live upon your blood^whca you 
have fpont all her i^nufic." 

" meat 

i: Ai 1 

*' mcnt heureufe." This methodiftical fteward may 
not have thok faithful and feeling qualities for the 
family which Rouquet and Dr. Tnj^^r fuppofc him to 
have ; he may be one of thofe who are more inclined 
to fweat an efiate. 

" The crafty fte ward's bills are pafl:, 
^^ Yet Ihrugs becaufe it cannot laft/' 

From the candles in the chandelier being almoU 

all burnt to the focket, Hogarth may infinuate, that 

the hymeneal torch or candle is very near, if not 

quite, extinguiflied ; and by the piAure over the . 

chimney-piece, of Cupid playing on the bag-pipes, 

and the pillars or columns of fome edifice tumbling 

to pieces, as well as from his bow being unftrung, 

he may hint, that, from their love being unftrung, 

the harmony of their houfe or edifice is tumbling to 

pieces : but I am diiTatisfied with this explanation, 

and wilh pauch to fee another. The heterogeneous 

mixture of ornaments round the clock, as well as 

thofe ftrangc and frightful ones on the chimney-piece, 

arc a ftrong fatire and ridicule on the rage for fuch 

diahlcries at the time when thefe prints firft came out. 

The difpofition of the pictures in placing two of the 

Apoftles, and the Virgin Mary, near one which is 

very properly concealed, ftrongly indicates his lord- 

{hip's principles^ I am at a lofs to make out what 

the Virgin Mary has in her hand ; and who is repre-* 

fcnted behind the chandelier with a dagger in his 

hand. The flcepy yawn of the fervant, with no hat 

G 2 upon 

C 44 3 

Upon bis bead (but rather a night-cap), ungariend^ 
and down-gyved to bis ancle, makes him very inat<« 
tentive to the candle on one of the tea-tables, which 
has fet fire to the back of a chair, ^vhile he has been 
taking a (landing nap on another ; and I hope the 
lines which I have fubjoined as a note will not be 
deemed improperly defcriptive of a very difgufting 
objtft at entering many parlours *, and which is 
very vifible in this, 


As four differing explanations have been given of 
this print, I will hazard a fifth ; or it is rather indeed 
(in part) a coincidence with Mr. NickoL^s, as I fhould 
be extremely loath, and very cautious, in difiering 
from that gentleman. 

Wc may fuppofe his lordfliip has communicated 
the infcdlion to the girl, and that he is now faying 
to Monf. de la nilulj, ** Were thcfe the pills, 
" you dirty rafcal, that were to cure the girl ? yo\i 

* Hnvc you not fern a do;^ call'd Pu^^ 
FcrchM on a culliion or a ru" ? 
Or iiiounted in an cafy chair, 
Witli nofc erec>. and Imucv air ? 
Go when yon will, this lirilc fnarlcr 
Reigns the curd tyrant ot the pailour. 
No overtures ot peace can plcalc him ; 
Your forc'd civilities but teazc him. 
TrelVnt your hand, he bites your knuckle*? ; 
Put forth your toor, he fnups yonr bucklci?. 
His yelping wounds your tortur*d ears ; 
His iharling tricks alarm )our tears. 

Huphrofync, Vo'. I. p. SS. 

^* dwTcrvc 

C 45 3 

^^ dcfcrve a fevere caning — they have had no efFeft— • 

•* Ihe is worfe inftead of better.*' <« Ma foi ! c'eft 

'* bien drole cela — vy den, you leetel hufly, did you 
^^ noc take dem regulierementi and all de tre boxes 
^* as I did tell you ?" He is wiping his fpeftacles for 
an examination or infpei^ion. The procurefs, in- 
flamed with rage, not only at his lordfliip — ** having 
** difeafed her favourite girl," but with the refledioii 
of the girl's having been engaged perhaps to fome 
valued cuftomer, as well as with the feeming uncon- 
cern which the peer fhews at the girl's lituation; 
thefe roufe her revenge, and, like Sbylocky ihe is feel- 
ing the edge of the knife, and meditating the ipfernal 
fcheme of plunging it ntarejl his heart. Notwith* 
{landing the inefficacy of the pills, Ihe apparently 
fcems no ways enraged againft the quack, othcrwifc 
llie would conceal the knife from him with the fame 
caution (he conceals it from the determined victim ; 
in all probability ihe and Pillule have been long in- 
timate : a mutual intereft may have long fubfifted 
between his ihop and her houfe. Thofe who are 
inclined to think his lordfhip would not exchange the 
foft tinjidity of the girl fpr the age and harfhnefs of 
the other, may be unwilling to adopt one part of Dr. 
Trvjlcr's explanation, apd indeed of Mr. Rogers^s^ that 
** he is reprefented as having f^rought with him two 
*' females, with whom he has been acquainted, that 
" the dodtor might determine to which of the two 
^* he might attribute his difordcr." 


^am^^ ^^i^f/i *^^^^%l ikif iUi(xt:uauiite ;: aiiC cxs 1*''- 

^ ^1^;* 4^A«l^i^t»;^; it% ^^ft:uii^Aiu% u( h» ir*rxhauttibk 
^^^^;f. W^ iH^y i^r^c-fuiiU! the \»tTUf(\ to have been 
A^i ^im htuuni^ o^iicfl the ikull ; and the barbcr^s 
)44lMi«i vvKU llo: iiiil MJiiiti, arc no improper ridicule 
^( iiiu iftliluiit i.(iiiltiiu ot iiuny of thci'c repofitories *- 


T lie pijtuu •> in ihi% room, however charafteriHick 
of die laltc of ihc nuhlc owner, dcfcrve not an ex- 
j)Uu.iiiuiii and. t'lom one of the bdy*s purchales in 
the balkti, wc uuy i»rcri![iK- hL*r t:ift-':n this r^fped 
m lc»4ll> lu bi- jHihCtly Li>incKle::r with thiit at Iilt 

vti*.il lvi.:j.i..' :i\iu:.K- lj.v> *"i j-M.i. Mow ucm:r- 

' . .. !. .. '.V,' .i vi*. ..^. : *, : ; ■ CIV •.■I::-:r- 

i\. I >t I 

V ■ .... ...-.-■':-, :., . ., 

■■ * ■■ ■ ' ■--.-..■ 

■'•'••»■*• «■ ■ V . W -•- »«. -." ■■! * .111.'' t C«*» ' 

■' '' ■ ■ - . ■-- •» ' .-..■* ..l.'.,i ..L '. -1 .-1, 

' ■ I ■ ■ ♦ • ....._ ... . . ... 'v', _ . . 

t 41 3 

able is the contrail of exprcifion io Mrs. Lanc^ and 
her cher mcitii! and what a contemptible figure 
would Mr. Lane^s next neighbour cut in accprnpany^ 
ing him, " apres quelque renard ou queiquc c^rf >" 
nor arc the taper legs of Monfieur en fapillote lefs 
admirably contrafted with the lumbering logs of Gj- 
rejlinij on whom is darted from the black fervaat a 
look, which may be equalled, but, perhaps, may 
never be furpaffed ; and the face of IVeideman makes 
one almoft think we hear the very flute blow. Ex* 
prcffions fuch a$ thefc evince the truth of Mr. Gilpin^s 
lines : ^^ Of his expreffion, in which the force of 
** his genius lay, wc cannot fpeak in terms too high, 
" In every mode of it he was truly excellent. The 
" paffions he thoroughly underftood ; and all the 
" effects which they produce in every part of the 
*^ human frame.*' 


The dying nobleman is very fine : wc Ihould ad-' 
mire it much more, were it not fo fuddenly con* 
trafted with the conftable's face. St. Luke^ with his 
cow, feem both taking a peep ; and Mr. Hogarth 
has difplayed his talents for hiftorick painting, by 
covering the wall with a piece of tapeftry, probably 
rcprefenting I'be Jlaugbter of the Innocents. We can- 
not but regret the faintnefs of fome of ihe impreflion, 
as it almoft obfcure's the fublime majefty of the aw- 
ful fovereign who (its in judgement, as well as feverat 
I others 

C 4« 3 

Others in this curious group, l^m 2Z z lois to find 
eut v^hofc portr^t thac is mhich hangs up at one 
end, and which panly hides fomc Yery tali pcrlbn, 
probably a Judcan conflable. 


The phyfician and the apothecary Ihew little con- 
cern at the tender fcene of the expiring mother. 
'• Cc qui fcrt a gamir cct appartment," fays Rauquet^ 
'^ nc contribue pas ik Tomer ; tout y indique une 
•* economic baflc.'* The cobweb over the window, 
the wooden clock, the old broken punch-bowl on the 
top of his l)Ook-cafe| and the pidiure^ in which is a 
fpit and ihouldcr of mutton, with the carelefs man- 
ner in which another inftance of Hogarth's puriij in 
painting is hung up, arc all illuftrative of the above 
remarks, :ind ftrongly contrail the apartments of the 
hufbiuul, ;uk1 of the wile, with the fhcrilFs parlour 
whole i:haln is fccii here as well as in the firil plate, 
ami whofe gown is hanging on the pegs. The pic- 
ture over the door would ornament an elegant cham- 
ber : one cannot chufe but fmilc at this delightful 
frolick of Ihgarth^s fancy. 


Mr, CA;/./ has a bib and tucker under his chin ; 
and the old woman in the bafket fcems heartily to 
enjoy the *h\lsonnccrin^ fun : her happy countenance 
fervei a* a fine conirali to the forlorn one of the 


t 49 ] 

f^fcricli foldicr, whofe gaiete du C(tur hzs fuffttrit ll 
(helancholy change^ and whcfe chop-fallen and dc* 
I>reffcd fpif its ought to preferVc hitn from the gibes 
df Ben Block t)f the Centurion, whd is gfitn^ to putfi 
his hat 6ff. The fpelHng 6f xht Old Angk h f^^ 
Bates from Ijbndan^ h M9 much in ch^ttafter tiPurfiliii 
Intier Sut Bear^ lii the Harht^s Prcgrefi. The ««?• 
l>refli<$h df the ftllc?* trfcfwitfg tlie FrcfJch-hotii ik 
^dmirsrblc j and his neighbour ftems tin the poiitt of 
diTchargiiJg ^ load, #hich i^ill Quicken the motionk 
df the gentleman yffhb tS difchargiftg hh j[)ill^ zuA 
who, ftom the aA againfi bribefy and eoitaption in 
his pocket, is probably a lawyer^ who is Mw g6ing 
homey the elc^on being nedttly ended ; he Is throw- 
Iftg a look on cne of his compagnons du Voyage ^ whoni 
he probably thinks a queer quizy and whcrfe ftuflf-gut 
plumpnefs is admirably contrailed with Deborah 
DrjbmeSi an afitiquated piece of fiale Hrgtnity^ whoni 
good-natuted Fortune may pkce aS ati oppoiite 
Neighbour in the coach to this laft, and may indulge 
the lawyer iri the fupreme eomfoft of having as his 
oppofite neighbour the child,* who 

'-^ — ^ •* in his mtfthert laj* 

*• Scjua1lt<ifg^ brings up at once three meal* of pap^* 


The feven4^paflagcs from Scrrpttirc ifc e*ceUentlj( 
fj>|>ried, thougKj j^hapSy ttre figurel faoitSg you in 

U tfce 

j^of^^ohjcBtiqa wjUl be againft that in the laft platcw 
Sif'liVFf"^ difliabille, the UBklixtfpned neck^ the 
^rmk' Ypm out at die .eltfow,. .with a bit of hb flarC 
Q^miqg out jull*aboWj and the uncombed, pace of 
J^ idle 'prentice^ .are at fltrot^ traits of chan^^ Sis 
jdh|^'rj^1a(j).rw'ftock, lifae bi]ttpning of thit coaty 
^^.{>ea{ly;,con)l>Qdrhur,' aod^ tbeg^fiesail fnu& neac- 

jpi^'!;!w^'ffl tete«kfi <>f:M»(«»»<fc» 

Ui .•jor> ::■■; Lv:: ••;.'Ji..' . -j-^ • - -•• 

Tin ^preatict's bait* is here, turned dowik chrcriiii 
^eiicad, whereas in' the firft : plate it i$ turned up : 
but v,kpre fnany beauties fiiine^ we mufi tnt cavil at a 
ft:uf mjlaktj(: in plate the- fourth hd begins to wear a 
wig. ;; Had he had ruffles (being Sunday) it would 
Jj^vc been mod 'prenticelike — if in the year 1747 it 
was,c\|ftomary for 'prentices to wear them* The 
figure afleep . iii xhc. very picture . of ' a greafy thick« 
headed tallow-chai^dleri full of ideas (if he has any 
at all) oi fap^^contenicd ignorance \ blind fortune may 
hayc^vea ^'.noble . independancy totbis eompound 
of * dripping and fuct, and yet forced Kouffeau^ the 
fublimec and virtuous kouffiau^ io ^ fufbfift «* by <ofyinf^ 
niufick. TruJIer obferves /that he pays not •• the 


IS wf apt up in the fublimc harmony of Siernbold and 
hh affociate : Ihe feems to be, 

*^ Some great fat wife, of fome great iat (hop- 
•' keeper."*' 

-The figure oppofiteher, and the content and jic^ 
of the two women who are* fitting under Mifs Wift^ 
are admirable. •-The old toothlefs pew-keeper Js 
quite the thing ; fhe is not fo polite, perhaps, in tuni- 
ing her back to the congregation* One cannot but 
Tegret that want of expreflion which is unavoidable 
in many of the fmall faces : had the plates been 
larger, he might h^ve exhibited an admirable group; 
and .even thefe which are vifible differ fo much as 
to be different faces in the various impreffions. The 
fct of thefe plates which Sayer publilhed (at lealt 
this fecond plate) has many faces in it much fuperior 

to thofe in the fet which Mrs. //tfjf^r/Z> has printed. 
In the fecond plate by Sayer, the two women fining 
under the young hdy are indeed admirable, as well 
as the clerk; and there are feveral other faces in 
Sayer*s impreffion well worth looking at, particularly 
a Iharp-looking gentleman in the fecond pew below • 
the two women behind his feat, a man's face in the 
ifle, wh'o is the very laft but one, and a hiclancholy- 
•looking woman two rows before him ; nor can the 
inattention of a gentleman in the gallery near to the 
pillar, nor the two clergymen, be overlooked. Mifs, 
perhaps, is thinking more of a hufband than of the 


f St 3 

The words of " Here lyeth tbc body of" are wcQ 
applied, a» (he body of the 'prentice lyeth there. 
The fellow with a black pitch over bis C)x (kocck'd 
put perhaps in fotpe noaurnal revel), is the compgb- 
pion of the idlp 'prentice in murder and rotibcry, in 
the ninth phtc, and tprns evidence againft him in 
the tenth plate. There is a good e^prtflion ip the 
beadle's fafe; but this print is difgufting, from iu 
indelicacy; it is ceftainiy a copy of nattire, but it is 
^ la haJTe nature." ^^_ 


In this and the two following plates Hogarth's bc- 
pius rather fails him i he ha?, hpwevcr, fqr his tame- 
pefs in thefe fcenes, made ample amends when tbc 
plot ihiclfetis : perhaps hi^ mind was aixious to ar- 
rive at that fccne where bis genius fhinei dam toaS 
Jon jour — the executiqn at 2j(A«r;i, 'lie ma|lpc*s ^ 
gurc is very jntcrefUng. 


Mr. Walpulf obfervts of hi> works in gopcraj, thl 
sbougb mirth (oloured his pi^urcs, ye( bcmvalcute <fr, 
figned tbcm, which may jcftly he applied to this print} 
be touches the pafTlons with a ftrong pencil, and io- 
terefls us feelingly in this fpene of the poor mother, 
who is loon to uke a long, perhaps, a laA, farewell 
(^f her Ion, whofc infolent gibing cannot abate her 
j tQ^terj 


C s$ 1 

fnatcrnal affe&ion* We are pleafed to fee the cUf 
p'-nine-tails fo near bim^ heartily wiihing he nuy 
very fpoD experience that anfr/t pencil *• 


Beneyolence has fome Ihare in this print ; the fight 
of the poor won^an receiving the broken meat ratfet 
thofe fentiments : nor can we over- look the faithfyl 
f^ttendan^ip pf th<: ppor dog, who deferts not the poor 
and fcanty fare he muft meet with by attaching 
himfelf to his crippled mafter , The aukwardnefs of 
the men betting the drums fhews us they are com- 
mon workmen ; nor pan the brute of a butcher, who 
is jealou$ of faU own mufipki efcape the eye. 

P L A T p VIL 

Pr. TruJIer ]bas fo fully defpribed this print, thrf 
pothing mqrc g^Xi h^ addedt 


Self-importance, and the infoknee of office j ' are 
firongly marked in the beadle. In Sayefs copy 
there arc many droll faces in the mufick gallery { 
but in Mr- Hof^ofrtbU iber^ is not o^e. The ver> iH 

* Ii appears, from H Advice tq the qfli(:cn of the Britid^ 
^* Army^'* that the drutn-major it termfd firft painter to th% 
refpmcQt } that his pepeilt^ indeed, are none of the ibftcft ; 
pad though he does not aim at the grace of Raph^l^ or thf^ 
gratideur oi Michfd 4'*gf^ , J^t he mnft not yield to Tifian \^ 
coiuiiring : and that i: is his office, to tiirnifli ttte pencils f n* 
Ihe youqg painters^ vul^lj caU'd cat«o*iiiQe^tailtv 


-T •^:5 

^60tfc«» has oridntly ^i«nit Maikff^ ; and «i 
0tbosiif torn left bis iut op^kt: faoBcb uj i juft ce tiK 
||{pittkiX2an^ to t«iK Jumfelf a ioEt. Sir g .^JKgJfjjw tfi 
li^ ^w»ys pautted .«atb ja (fa|Bge^ iiaving fenced ^STar 
^Ifir'^ bmax hUo^ wlm 00 fiis point of ftahfaii^g 

• « « -^ '«!•>> 

' F1.ATE IX- 

"TVeiMoootD»'xcb apt^xf becc, an£ n 

'Upq^ ; sod tlve fellow wjbo is ikndkjiig lu 
IblSeofibk <if the dmn&cj'-i^ice bchig «ai 
fbc wreccfa chruftiBg tht nsbspjj olgeA int» a IkAe 
wicfa c«'i2: V!iccr»ccn3; wxdi lus HtiJc poi,- and Ins 
|)i|>c, ii€ if <}uitc ^/w 4ies/^« z%j:i^z^ io as liis &orii{ 
INri^bbwr^ «d feeoi^ &i niucb faoiiliinzcd to tkn 
(ofVrnal fctn<rf as the grenadien The piece of 1 
cord feifprffKlcd fronj the beam may have perfonsiji 
f hr I'xit oi i<xii«; unh;){>{>y wretch tired with life. 

P L A T E X. 

H^rftJliT is of opinion that this fcene reprefencs the 
fiiotnene of ihc fads having been inquired into, and 
that hi^i miidmus is now making out, and that the 
uoiiian who i$ feeing the clerk is bribing him 00 
ui i:ounr of Umuc other trial which is now eoming 
ou i liur li II not more likely to fuppofe it rcprefeoa 

♦ *• Miifuk hns charms to foolh a favnge brcaft, 
•' Ami tlitrt'forc proper at a ih^iff*f fcaA.** 


C 5i i 

iiic very moment of hlsiirflt (joming to the bar ? andf 
that the unexpedied flg^ makes the comfamon (f bis 
childhood flirink with ' humane cottft*mi*it'4y not* (as 
Tn//?/^ -^dbfervcs) " ih^ '^old chuh, 'tir fbari^t robe;' 
" thit conftitutes tho chatadtcjr, bHiit the -feelings' ot 
^' the man withiii." The afflifted "motHc¥ ^is intcf^^ 
Ceding with the' fetf-important corj^ulent'conftabK, 
ind pleading hard'to giin' him ovet/yanily imagin- 
ing he mfay throw itifdmb fay of -(Jotafbrt*' Anotheir 
ionftablc is ^Ihewirfg to an itiquh^ng' peffoii the fW<3T4 
iirtd piftoK found ion the' pVlf^ntfr.-*' The proftltute; 
Who Wtfayed him fri-'thfi* night *c^aV^*is bribing 
flVearing clerk to bblfrlettcJ the bhc tyiA wretch, wh4r 
has turned Vviden'ccig^jtirift his companion, .and whif 
is"takin|; th'e'uftfal^oithV^rtci \Vhore left hand (i* 
Triljler 6bferves)V ifift^ad of his r^h^v is- laid^upiMi' 
the' book; which th^'bl^rFs ea&trtifefr' in* 'taking th*^ 
nWtifeV toafees him'"uhbbftrvaht bf. ■ *£ht\ clrtk wrf 
the othef fide may 'fcebnly dirking mi'mritimus in the 
common Tdrm (haVilig'*ficfthing elfe* to do ^crhaps}^ 
ihat it/tn'^y be the fboner' filled up when.thtf 
ma^gillratc' finds fadte enough eftabKflied on whidx 
he may cottim^t him. rtad thrs^utrtiapp*^ 'Vfetdlt 
teefi 'interceding for' rhercy* afierWxt faSs^diyea 
Jirov6d'*a^ainft him, the yN&iA^ of Jfamla 4ndv%rifi 
Wo^id ttbt be inapplicabler* : ^'' y^ ^''^ •N^-..yv\ 

Z^/% Yet Ihew lome pity. 
' 'i^ngM iiievy ic mdft of all vfhen l-fie^'j'£iftice;^ • ' 

.^^ PLATE 




t i6 i 


lo * tbis fecQc flagartb has given full fcopc tb {m 
ioimitable huai^ur: bid tbc plate been larger^ wc 
Should bavc bad no reafon to r«p^et tbe loft of nuni* 
griefs cdmic^lities^ wbicb muft now be loft. Thd 
emblematick figures on eacb fide ^c^e io tbis pUfe 
changed to ds^eletonSi and in tbe next to corniKX>|>t«^ 
or horns of pknty. This print is full of beauiict i 
but as it is amply defcribed hy Tru/Ur^ rctj littk 
can be added. Tbe twd little lads laughiog st the 
ibldier plun^i^ into the mud| ate vcfy good figures; 
Mr\d the contented conofertablenefs of the porter, who 
is fmoking bis ptpe» and ftanding pretty decpr himfell 
ip the mtld^ is a firong trait of cbafaOef. A child, 
ivho is near (be perfon behind the eoach, fccras to 
be in a dangerotis fituatibn ; and this perfon ^s face 
in Sayeri print is an admirable one. The unthink-' 
Ing mother, who h pummelling the fellow uho 
pufticd her child, is little apprebenfivc of Its 
being now in moch more danger, whieh raifes the 
pity of the perfon felling gin. I catfnot find out 
why tbe batcher carries a iye wig on his flick. 

One .of the fairy or rather the female fcx, now 
prcfcnts hcrfelfy to whom (Jo wild in her attire!) 
hoffirtb has done complete juflice- Had tht thane 
of Cawdor^ on his vifit to the dark and ^oomy cave 

fiff the weird fillers, been faluted by tbis midnight 

^ See Appendixy >i^ 14^ 



C 57 3 


/J^i^, he probably would have been too much con- 
founded to have told pale^bearted fear it lied. Our 
painter found himfelf not quite fo much at his eafe 
with Sigifmunda as with this figure, who, I dare fay, 
would be very glad of a lheep*s heart for her dinner,, 
and whofe amorous warmth iB in very tittle danger 
of being turned holy by defpair. 

The ragamuffin, who. is near this woman, looks 
with contempt on the poor fneaking dog in the cart, 
and is on the point of throwing a half ftarved puppy 
between the unhappy felon and the preacher, which 
will' not a little difcompofe their devotion, and may 
be the means of ftifling the pity and commiferation 
of the crowd, as much as a circumftance which very 
lately happened *• The woman's face, who is claw- 
ing the boy, is admirable ; her nofe (in Sayer*s copy) 
is half-eaten away, the confequence probably of 
unholy amorous warmth. The little girl is taking a 
fly advantage of Tiddy-DoPs reciting the virtues of 

* ExtraB of a Letter from Nottingham ^ March 31. "This 
** day came on the eledion of reprefentatives to i'erve in par- 
** liament for this jtown, when Robert Smith and D. P. Coke, 
" Efqrs, were chofeo without any oppofij^n. Unfortonately 
** two poor unhappy convi6b were ordercU for execution the 
•* fame day, and, with a raft concourfe of people, were jtift 
** paQng the Guildhall as they were -proceeding to chair the 
** new-eleded members. The fupporters of the grand tri- 
^* umphal car were infendbly forced by the current of the pco- 
•* pie to attend Jack Ketch's more humble one quite to the 
'* foot of the gallows, which occafiope^ fo nauch mirth to the 
*• croud, that the poor miferable wretches fuffered without 
«« the feeming regret of a fingl(p individual/' From the Bir^ 

I his 

. • A 4b L « ■ V-A »- ' - • ^ 

•trtw 'i-r«''^:> WOV ^ 

* iifBET s sszzrs^'ifr "^c^ '&3iziczrr 

7 M- »i^».-;M'.'v;(.^i»' liMinam' & 

" ■!"■• - .1.1 ■* (* 

. •< . • «r ■ • •< 

■ ■ ■ i ft - » ^ 

» _.. 

- - He 

I .^ . 


" * • - 

' * ^- • • — ^ 

t. ' 

/# 4i^ 


— .^5 Tr-: 

c 59 r 

Snare *. In the fcafibld^ next to the mllitia-meii, 
are two very droll faces, who fit-Hear the mother and 
her child ; and the drunken foldier on the oppofitc 
fide, who is tumbling againfl the poft, does not fecm 
to be much aflBiifted with the firangury. The office 
of fword-bearer might be inftituted with a defign to 
reprefent the awful dignity of fupreme juftice : whe- 
ther this fword-bearer imprefles the canaille (or in- 
deed any other perfons) with fuch fentimcnts, each« 
one is at liberty to judge for himfelf. The carelefs 
and dangeous feats which fome unthinking fellows 
have chofen on the ridge of a roof (like thofe who 
are drinking porter and hallooing in the fame fright- 
ful fituation in Beer-Jlreei) is a ftrong trait of the 

* Mr. Nichoh obfcrves, that Hogarth did paint the firft of 
theft fubjc£b, which Mr. Gttrrick purchafcd at Lord Effes^t 
fale, and that it was but an indifferent performance. As the 
fccond Hogarth has favoured us with his Recruiti^ we may yet 
hope he will adorn the memory of a poet he cannot but love, 
by prefetiting us with fome of the many admirable fcenes of 
old acqtudntance Jack — with LaHnee and his dog Crab — the ex- 
amination fccne before Dogberry and F'erges — the preparation 
fbr the mojl lamentable comedy of Pyramus andThiJbe — Sir An- 
drew Aguechtek and Sir Toby BeUh — Jack Cade with the clerk 
of Chatham : 

*• Smith. The cUvk o( Chatham : ho can write and read, and 
** call accompt. 

" Cade. O monftrous ! 

«• Smith. Wc took him fetting of boys* copied ;*' 
as well as with many other comick ones, from that rich and 
inexhauftiblc ftore-houfe* And flioold the gentler and mard 
fubiime paffions of Shakjpeare engage his attention, may 
— -*' the Graces all his figures place, 
•* And breathe an air divine on cv'ry face." 

I a daring 

C 6o 1 

daring bar dinefs of the Englijh ; and the crowds who 
are darting their defiring eyes from every wmdow, 
from the tops of each houfe^ and from every place 
where they can poffibly get a peep^ ihew the eager 
deiire which citizens have of viewing this noted pro- 
cefiion ^. It is dangerous to attempt innovations on 
our admired painter; but^ perhaps, it would have , 
had no bad efTed: to have introduced ^' a poor devil'' 
tumbling down the roof of the houfe, and two droll < 
figures in the ihed laughing at him^ fomething lite 
the two lads in the laft plate, or like the man under 
this ihed in Sajer's copy ; this unconcern would be as 
true a ftroke of nature as if he had perched a fellow 
on a chimney-top, fitting crofs-legged at his eafe,aDd 
imoking a pipe : and, had the cord behind the coach 
been half-worn through, the cfFedt would not have 
been bad, as the confequence would be fo eafily 
gueffed "f. 

'■^' In p. 1 80, of the fecond volume, of JVboJ^s Body of Con- 
" veyancing," in a London leafe^ is a claufe of exception for 
the landlord and his friends to ftand in the balcony to fee the 
Ihows, or pn (limes, upon the day commonly called the Lord- 
Mayor's Day. 

t ** it would be amufing/* (fays Mr. Granger, vol. I. 
p. 249) ** to trace the progrcfs of a lord-mayor, from the 
'* loom, or the fifhmonger's ilall, to the chair of the ma- 
*' giftrate ; to be informed with what difliculty he got the 
** firft hundred pounds, with how much lefs he made it 1 
*' thoufand, and with cafe he rounded his plumb. Such are, 
" in the eye of reafon, refpectabic characters ; and the more 
" fo, as they rofe with credit from humbler flaiions." 

[ 6x 3 


The explanation of this print, by Mr- Bonncl 
77)ornton, precludes every other attempt : I fliall 
therefore only add a few lines *. We are told, by 
Mr. Nichols^ that Hogarth acknowledged three por- 
traits, that of the pye*man, the fifer, and the chim^ 
ney-fweep; and Mr. Nichols further tells us, that 
the poftriait of Jacob Henriques is difcoverable, though 
he has not pointed it out ; and that Lord Albemarle 
Bei'tie (the prefident of the Cockpit) is difcovcred in 
the crowd round the bruifers ; his lordihip's eyes are 
much better in this print than in the other, which 
came out nine years after this. I am iiiformed by a 
gentleman, who, at the time when this 4>rint firft 
came out, had an opportunity of feeing the guards 
march each day from St. Jameses to the Tower, that 
he then often remarked the features of the drummer 
among them, as well as the young grenadier, the 
ferjeant behind, the prim fliff officer, and that the 
drunken- foldier, with his bayonet in his hand, even 
then, had always a pleafant unthinking careleffnefs, 

• *' The aera may arrive, when, through the inftability of 
** the Englifli language, the ftyle of Jofvph Andrevyi and Tom 
'•• Jonei fliali be obliterated, whca the cUaradters {half be un- 
*' iatdligible, and the humour iofe irs rclilli ; but the mauy 
** pcrfon ages, which the manners-painting hand o{ Hogarth 
*' has called forth into mimic life, will not fade fo fooa 
*' from the canvafs ; and that ?^A\v\iix>\^ pl^urefque comt^^ the 
** March to Finchley-y will perhaps divert poftcrity as long as 
'* the Fovndlhig Hojf:tal QxM do honour to the ^r/zt/i^ nation,** 

Crayi'Inn Journal^ Vol, I- N** 20« 


t «^ ] 

and a l6\mpng attitude ; and he has noted a couth 
tenance very fimllar to that of tbc difeafed fotdicr, 
" k qui le voyage de MontfeUer eonriendrott micBX 
•• que cclm A'Ecqffe :" but the pye-man is rivettcd in 
his memory— the features of his face are tnddiUe. 
-He informs me Hkcwife, that hi! perfedly well rearf- 
leds the features of the Highlafukr in difguift; and 
that the coblcr, who fo much enjoys the fight, veot 
by the name ti J*(key James ; that be was a raofi 
fiequent attendant on this nnrferj for bniifing, and 
always feemed on the point of jumping over tbrir 
heads with joy; and that though he never entered 
the lifts himfelf, yet he had a fon who was a noted 
bruifer, and fought very often with Tom Smallwoed: 
my informant has feen an incomparable boxing-match 
between them. 

The two other papers of that infernal Jtf, are iTje 
Jatobite Journal and the London Evening Peft ; and 
though ihe has the alluring \ix>koi Hogarth*, yet 
we can fcarce fuppofe (with Mr. Tbemton) that flic 
u the young grenadier's wife ; flic is more likely the 
girl's mother, though her religion may differ. She 
thunders to his remembrance ibirgt long forgeUei; 
and the poor girl gently hints to him, that an ex- 
peAant birth will be ill fupptied with the precarioui 
profit of ballads, gin, and gingerbread. The fcrjeant 

• '* A lock of hair falling thui cnift the templei, and ^7 
" that means brexking the regularity of the ovat, hat an cffefl 
" too ayuring co be tttitUy lieceiit.' AMJjfis tf Btmtj, p- Jj. 


behind (luckily for himfelf) feems a proper perfon 
to oppoie this violent advocate of injured rights* 
The foldier near him is too warmly engaged to attend 
to this hurly-burly * ; and Mr. Nichols tells us, that 
Hogarth gave half a crown to the little footerkin to 
fit for his peculiarly roguljh afpeS ; and the fanae fuin 
to the fweet little fifer for his : pity but what he 
had extended his pittance to the produce of the 
drummer's kinder hours ^ Mr. Thornton is ,furely mif- 
taken in his opinion of this drummer ; for the poor 
fellow beats his drum in order to drown the foft en* 
treaties pf thofe he is unwilling to part from ; to flifle 
the fearful apprehenfion of perhaps revifiting them 
no more, and to difpel the kind dew that nature has 
planted in him. The pretty contented looking child 
at the mother's back, from its healthy and innocent 
fmile, is a happy contrail to the wan and ghaftly 
creature on the other fide, who eagerly ftretches out 
its little paw, longing to partake of its favourite, but 
deftruftive, liquor. The Adam and Eve is a very 
proper fign for a gardener ; and an enthufiafm flaflics 
from the fixed attentive eyes of Jockey James^ whofe 
foul is lapt up in his Etyfium, and whofe arms throw 
themfelves into each attitude of the battered com- 
batants f • The fellow clinging to the fign-poft is 


* Qucep El'tzaheth ofteh wiflicd (he was a milk -maid. To 
have been fo kified by EJJex^ (he certainly would have had no 
objection to have been one. 

t In the CQUMoiffeur^ vol. I.N^ 30, ia the following tranfla* 
Z tioo 

C «4 ] 
an adminble Bgure ; there gre no lefa tli^ tea wo- 
m«t viewing the men fight ; and the cool oofecl* 
ingDcfs of one, who is before the nobleman, is indeed 
a trait of nature. The two fudges in the wa^go 
are a flrong contraft to the tenderly graceful and in- 
terefting Madona : one is forry to view fgch fwM 
maternal grace expofed to thofe tempells and fears 
which fte mull meet with in this anxious jountey ; 
we ardently wi(h the winds of heaven may not wjit hir 
face too roughly *, A tea-kettte is very properly put 
in the \*aggon : and the waggifli head of Charles the 
Second may allude to the wilh of this rebellion bring 
foon cruOied, and that a rejoration of peace, and of 
our true and lawful fovereign, may be the happy 
confequence. The two Httle ducklins, or chickens, 
are expreffing their wilh to join their mother, whQm 
the fallen foldier's affifting friend has kindly relieved 
from the fatigues of waddling, by carrying her a few 
miles in his pocket. How much more are we at- 
tached to that joily, carelcfs, unthinking fellow, 
though with all his drunken vices bloflbmed upon 
him, than to that prim, priggilh, and formal officer, 

tbn ofKirgil, prefixed to an account of a bruifiag-matcb bt- 

tvieen^/rtfiand Pctii: 

Tliiimp! follniving thumps, and Mows rucceedinf; blows, 

Stt elt the black ei c, and critfli tlie bleeding nofc j 

Bineatli the pond'rous fift ihe ja<v-bon« cracks, 

And the cheeks ring niih their redoubled thwack*. 

* " The beggar hugs her child, which (he can fcarcd cow 

*' frcm the wind, as clofcly lo her, » the greateft princcfi 

•'' who has a crown lo give it." Jifjal Rr^ifier, vol. V. p. A 


r 6s ] 

*riki 18 %eik liith ; w« cannot but wilh this reeling 
Foldier may foon be able to c6tt\t up with the fellow 
carrying his gin-btnrei, knd undefignedly knock them 
both dowttj as the ftill of the ftitf-neck puppy muil 
be the ccttaio ccmfcqucncc ; and yet we are forty 
fllmoft to wifh thts> as it may occafion the downfall 
of the inofienfivc utrthinking pye-man. Mother Cole 
(in her own words) may be faying, " My thoughts 
^ are fixed upon a better place!* and it is worth 
while to view the carelefs lounging attitude of a 
trollop in one of the top windows. There may be 
feme mttt^ing touched in the blighted tree. 

'beer. STREET. 

The cafy flow of the Verfes under this print, and 
the zeal with which they were no doubt written, 
jj)articularly tbofc xxnder Gin- Lane^ render them highly 
proper to accompany thefe fpirited produftions of 
JMr. Hogarth. The porter exhibits a fine piAure of 
enjeymcnt ; One is highly pleafed to fee the poor fel- 
low lift his hand up in fuch e^ttacy : pity he (hould 
tver want wherewithal to purchafe a pot of porter. 
It would be diificylt to fay, whether this man, or th<; 
devil driokiDg the fame liquor on the altar, in the 
print of the Strolifrs^ has the moft enjoyment* What 
^ contraft is the unhappy objedt in Gin^Lane to this 
hearty fellow ! The enjoyment of feeling ib not ill 
cxpreffed in the drayman : the ws^nnth from the 

£ young 


C 66 ] 

young woman's palpitating boibm is conveyed 
through his veins to his eyes. 

I know not what charadcr is given of Mr. FSITs 
book, buC TurnbuU certainly dcferves not this tatt. 
Mr. Nichols very juftly obfcrvcs, that he Ihould have 
been able to have underftood this book before be 
had ventured to condemn it ; had he, inftead of this 
laft work, put Rymer's contemptible Refle&imi ai 
Shakfpeare into the baiket, it would have been much 
better ; or the books mentioned in Swift's Diredioos 
to a Governefs would not have been amiis *. 

From the broken bricks and ftones lying fo oer 
the door^ we may fuppofe it has not been opened for 
fome time, and that of courfe he has but few cci^ 
tomers ; his being in debt makes him afraid to opco 
the door : this is certainly the front door to his fbcp, 
from his name being over, as well as the commoc 
fign of pawnbrokers. Mr. Hogarth from this mif 
infer, that, from the fpirit of induftry which reigns 
here, and from each one fceming " bufy and merry 
" in their various trades and occupations, feme hng- 
** ing, fome laughing and joking among themfelvcs, 
•* all with gcod humour in their faces, and induftri- 
^ ous in their bufinefs,'* thatH'rom this their induftrv 
(kept up by a liquor which deftroys not their health, 
but gives them hale, robuft, and chearful counte- 

• *• Make the mifTcs read French and Englifh novels, and 
** French romances, and all the comedies writ in king C^rfr.'.i 
** the Second and king fPlUJ.i/n*! reigns, to folteQ their nanxre, 
** and make them tender-hearted^*' &c« 



C 6^ ] 

nances, *^ and a refreihment which trickles through 
^^ every vein**), they will have ho need to frequent 
pawnbrokers ; and that Mr. Nathaniel Pinch had 
much better remove his quarters to GIn-Laney in op- 
pofition to Gripe, whcfe houfc appears to be in very 
fubftantial repair. 

The jolly blackfmith may have juft bought his 
ihoulder of mutton from the butcher, who is feated 
in the very joy of his heart; and this blackfmith, 
after his prefent flouriiH over the drayman^s head, 
may probably aik him io fat a bit of mutton with hini. 
One cannot but wifli the poor tattered fign-paint^r 
had his pot, as he is almoft the only perfon who is 
without one ; and yet his contented fmilc may pro^ 
ceed from his feeing the jolly dogs on the roof of 
the houfe enjoying theirs, well knowing, that ai hij 
jobb is almoft compleated, he will then b(3 entitled to 
his *. One of the taylors is reaching out his pot to 


* This poor .fellow*s genius, perhaps, foars no higher thaa 
f' the daubing diabolical angels for ale-hou(c8, dogs with 
" chains for tanners yards, rounds of beef and roailed pigs 
*• for Porridge-lfland,". Tafte^ a farce, by Mr. Foote, 

I (liould l^cg pardon for taking the liberty of fuppodng Mr. 
Pope to have been a painter not much fuperior to this poor 
.fellow, if his own letter did not authorize my conjecture.*— 
♦* You may gu^fs in how uneafy a Hate I am, whep every day 
^^ the performances of others appear more beautiful and ex- 
^^ cellent, and my own more defpic^ble. ) havq thrown away 
'• ihree Dr. Swifts^ each of which was once my vanity ; two 
}' Lady Srl^gw^Ursi a Dutchefs o^ Montague; liefides half«a- 
^' dozen earls ; and one knight of the garter. I hi(ve cruciliecl 
M COn^ over agaio in eiftgie, and made a Ma^ona as old as 

t 6? ] 

be filUd by the man wha wiU fooa come cilowii ibi 
ladder, and take it from him by gcMng akMUg tbe 
bottom of t j^e roof. The ikuation of tbf omd in the 
warehoufe is very dangerous ; but: he (cea|s 9s iafcs^ 
Able of it as thofe carelefs jolly brickbyers on the 
roof. The perfon who is walking near the cbairiBav 
ieems to be a gentleman (from the pofitioa of his 
ilick), who is fauoterlng carelefsly along^ ap^ ^iiuUo| 
at the e^hau^ed afpedt of the chairman, 

^|r. JSicbals obferves of the following puhlu:^tioQ| 
'* A DiiTcrtation on Mr. Hogarth's Six Priou, &c 
^' 1 751 1 IHice One Shilling/' that it is eleven peace 
three farthiogs too dear : hut perhaps this Cffofiue 
may be too fevere — the print of Hogdrtb^s head pre- 
fixed to it is certainly worth one {billing 4 ^lui thcMgb 
the diflertation on gin may not poiTeis the encbaaUBg 
harmony of Mr* Walpol£s pen, and the abfervafiioBi 
that jlrong beefy and Us nable companim roaft heef^ were 
the means of rendering our anccftors wife in council; 
and that good beer and wholefome nourijhing eatables 

*' bcr mother St. Afuu. N^iy, what is yet more miractiloiity I 
^* hare rivalled St. Luke hirolelf iiv pointing ; and a» it f» iaid, 
** an angel carnc and finilhcd his piece, fo, y^m wrouixf f«rcar| 
*^ a dcfvil put the lall hand ro mine, it is io begrim^ti and 
•* rmutced. However, I comfort myWf with a chrtHian 
•* reflection, that I liave not broken the conimMximent ; for 
** my piAures arc not the hkcnefs of any thing in heaven 
** abore,or in the earth belour, or in the water under the earth. 
** Neil her will any body adore or wotOiip them, except the 
*' Indians (hould have a fight of them, who, they tell iw, wnr* 
*' fljip certain idols purely for their uglincfr.*' His third 
letter loGay. 



C «9 ] 

tided their fiify^ ate ccntepiptible^ yet we muft «« 
knowledge th&t this anonymous writer bath given U9 % 
very dear explanation of the ^^ Stages of Crnelty ;^ 
and has more than amply, nay, reduntfy afoUzei 
for tf// its imperfoftions^ by that glow of humanity 
which ihines fo warmly throughout almoft ttttf 
page of his defcription of thefo laft prints^ 

G I N . L A M E. 

This print, which Ii|r* Watpote obferves is horridfy 
Jine^ but dtfyiftingy has been (b fully defcribed by 
^Yujler^ that very little can be added* 

The poor little child weeping for want of food, 
perhaps, as well as for the lofs of its mother^ is in* 
deed painting to the pai^ons. The woman is bringing 
fo the pawnbroker's (among a few other things) her 
tea-kettfei which is a (ign flie has pawned every other 
article in her haufe for gln^ as a tea-kettle is one of 
(he Very laft articles which the generality of the poor 
will part witht The two houfes next to KUmaiCs 
are a barber's, and a carpenter's> or joiner's, evident 
from the coffin : this laft perfon has brought his coat 
and faw to Gripe^ and is in the attitude of telling 
him that his things are wprth more than he is willing 
to give. Four of the peribns in this print are hor^ 
ridly diignfting indeed : the emaciated wretch (fatu 
$yes^ fiUHS tafii^ fans $vety ibing)^ who is attended by 
his faithful dog, who forf^kes not his mafter even in 
\k\s poverty — (how different is the ftarven life which 

C 70 ] 

this poor animal leads to that of an old lady's bark- 
ing fondled lap-dog; — che womm raking fnuff^thc 
ravenous chimney-fwcep — and the fellow who has 
drunk hin\felf almoft to madnefs, and yet is taking 
bis bellows and fpit to pawn for more gin, and is even 
infenfible to the ihrieking agonies of che child whom 
he has fpitccd. The cripple, who has a bandage 
over his eyes, and whofe quarrelling proceeds from 
the eifeds of gin, is throwing a ftool at his antagonifl, 
who has wrelled one of bis crutches frcai htm ^. 

■ . ■ ■ 



Mr. Hogiorib mud have fat down with di^ufied 
feelings when colleding fccnes for this iohuman tn* 
gedy ; a keen fcnfe of the fujTcnngs of unprotedcd 
animals, and an anxious w ifh to root out fuch dettftcc 
barbarities, were, no doubt, his chief, perhaps '::':$ 
only inducement in rving us the ftages of huou". 
€n:cln\ His accir^^Iilhcd biographer, warmed bj 
the fight of fuel- ; xertions in the c^uie of mercy, has 
i;iimortai:2cd the p::p.:cr's ger.ius, ar.d has ti«l::ci 
round his favc;:::tc ii. garth's bro.vs, hy rrzrcr ji^-*. 

* The chiiivh \r. v*: -, •« ?:. C/.— ^r\ Ei^^mJ^'^ry JC-»V^- n 
1 i* Criiic t. >.c\'t'\ «.•: rr.: ri.b!?c b-jlw'.rgs, a^c- in l^rrsi^^^r. 
cNfnt^, :K:: i: is r.i.w . .5 ir.i ib.'urd, crz3 to a prc- 
%*e:S— t-^i: *>,: :.. " i.r n :.: .k ^ ^'.x. for gcsi'js, znd c-;s2> 
ir.rr.: rVr ti::. ; .-. - rhi: 'he cx;.cra*^!c cc-ajci: of 6::ni^ 1^ 
:hv k -'s: ." : c • p ~: ••, .\c:c< nothing bu: liughicr la :rc 

l p ] 

With the penetrating eye of nice difcernment, h* 
has prefented us with his intelledtual charadier, with 
his very ye>«/, and in language which it is almoft cruel 
to abflradt, has flood forth the advocate of thofe 
qualities, which have caufed the few exceptionable 
ftrokes of Mr. Hegart^s pencil to fink mlo immedi* 
ate oblivion. — •* It would be fupprefling the merits 
" of his heart/* (fays Mr. Walpole) *• to confider him 
" only as a promoter of laughter. 1 think I have 

Ihown that his views were more generous and ex- 

tenfive. Mirth coloured his pidures, but bene* 
" volence defigned them." — And " had he been too 
«* feverc/' (in perfonal ridicule) •* the humanity of 
" endeavouring to root out cruelty to animals would 
" atone for many fatires." Mr. H^alpole^ throughout 
all his writings, glows with tranfport when an oppor- 
tunity offers of adorning the brows of merit; his 
brilliant compliment to Lord Burlington may juftljr 
be applied to himfclf — he had every quality of a genius 
and art {ft f except envy. No one more fcorns to ihcw 
folly and vice one favour, and few would be fomuch 
hurt at concealing one virtue : the " Virgin Queen,** 
nor the " Hiftorick Doubts," (maturely confidered) 
cannot be an exception to this. — Whether his cen- 
fures of Raleigh, and of Lord Falkland, are, I dare 
not prefume to determine. 

This firft plate is fufficiently explained by TruJUr. 

The dog licking the hand of the brute, who is 
tying a bone to his tail, inclioes me to quote a few 


lUesj iMkwever imperfed th^ iajmtdiate ^^licatioii 
#f them may be : 

O i bluih^ and k^im fidelity frbm brutes ; 
Ddgs hate been true to men that hare been bnttcs: 
One knew Ufyjf^y when unknown at hotne^ 
And leaping up for joy> with joy expired. 

Sympathy^ a Ptiedb 


This plate being fufficiently defcribed by Tritfirr^ 
flhd being too difgufling to dwell on^ I ihall aniy in- 
fcrt a paragraph from a late ^ General Eirenihgr Poft.** 

^ On Monday lad a mod^ fatage aft of cruelty wa^ 
^ perpetrated in Holbom. A man^ who had the 
^ appearance of a (hniggler, beat his hoHe moft un- 
^ mercifully ; after fome time beating him about the 
^^ ribs^ he, with a large ftick^ fuppofed to be loaded 
♦* with lead, knocked the poor creature down, and, 
** by repeating the blows, at laft killed hitn ; he 
^' then took off the bridle and faddle^ aud walked 
^« deliberately away, with as Ikde concern as though 
•* nothing had happened*** 

Ikyi^ in p. 134, of bis Poems, has the following 
lines : 

'Tis not enough each mom, on term's approachi 
To club your legal three- pence for a coach. 


t n 1 

tn this plate no one comic trait is thrown in ; bad 
Spelling in the letter is even purpofely avoided, that 
not one objeft of a ludicrous kind might diyert.the 
attention from this cruel fcene. 'The folemnity of 
the place, the time of night, the hell then beating one, 
the Itartled horror of the man with the lantern at 
feeing this ill-^arr*d wencb^ the grief of the gardener, 
and tiie fublime paffions exprefled in the face of his 
hext neighbour (a countenance not naturally ex- 
preflive of fublimity), all forcibly touch the paflions ; 
and one cannot but exclainv, 

-— ^ — • what pangs his bread muft feel 
When death his knell fliall toll I 

The writer of the pamphlet mentioned in Beef- 
Jireet^ obferves, " What eye can view this fcenft' 
" without Ihedding a tear ! — ^What foul fo infcnfibte 
<« as not to fliudder at the difmal cataftrophe of the 
^* fond deluded girl !---Who, that has any humanity, 
*' can behold this melancholy fpedtacle without feel* 
" ing in his bofom a juft refentment rifing againft 
** the monfter who has been the author of fo horrible 
*^ a tragedy i** 


The words of Hamlet may very well apply to the 
prclident's dignity of infsnjibility. 

Ham* Has this fellow no feeKng of his bufinefs } 

L Hot. 

I 74 1 

Har. Cuftom hafh made it m him a property of 

/£ot« Tis eVh fo : the hand of little employment 

litth the daintier fenfe. 


' Notwithftanding the acknowledged mei'it of this 
laft pla'te^ we cannot hot wUh Mr, Ha^artb had gixn 
us one preceding it, and reprefenting Tom Nen uo* 
dergoing that puniflunrat be fo richly merits. In 
viewing this phtCi we know that he has only fuf- 
lered at Tybum, and we may reafonably fuppofc, 
that the fear and pain of that exit, to him^ were 
perhaps but little ; but on cafting our eye back on 
the three preceding platesj we cannot bur regret Mr. 
HegariFs not having reprefented htm as expiring 
under the agonies of the wbeil, and we fbould very 
willingly have overlooked all unity of place : and 
after his having thus received the puaifhment of that 
infernal engine^ we Ihould then have had the latis- 
fadion of knowing that the inilidker of the ikrieking 
agonies of the poor dog had met with a due aiid 
equal return ^. 

* The divine Sbak/peare iays, 
■ Mine enemy** dog. 

Though he had bit me, ftiould have fiood ihat xxighf 
•Agaiiift oiy fire. 


C 75 3 
The E L E C T I O N. 

P L A T E I, 

This * very admirable plate being fully explained 
by Trujler^ and in the poem which Mr. Nichols has 
inferted* in hk Work, render any additiohs unnecef- 
fary ; and the extreme drollery of many of the fi- 
gures cannot but be inftantly noticed. The fmiling 
and contented calmnefs of the barberfurgeon, the 
expreffion of the old gentleman who is affltded with 
the gravel as he is attempting to make water, the 
effigy carried in procefiion, the inimitable figure of a 
country fellow with a bald-pate, with that of his 
companion (before whom is a bottle of burgundy)^ 
the whole group behind them (with the left-handed 
fidler), as well as the fmart waggifli familiarity and 
delighted tranfport of merriment of the cobler (with 
his glafs of champagne), and the muddled, and a)- 
mod vomiting, barber, all confefs the hand of Ho^ 

As thi^ country owed the prefervation of its con- 
flit ution to King William t Hogarth has given us hts 
portrait ; intimating, perhaps, by the galhes in it, 
that the bribery, the corruption, and the other modes 
of carrying op this election, are efifeftual means to 
dcftroy and mutilate the conftitution. King Hlliiamf 
who vainly imagined that his fubjeHs leved liberty 

♦ Sec a very droll letter on an ElciSlion in vol. I. of ** John 
** Bundc. Junior.^* 

L 2 better 

i: t -3 

bitter than pfirt^j has now befqrc his eyes a very com- 
plete refutation of his ill-grounded notion. The 
iandfcape in this rpoip may xletiote the borough-town 

.for which xkn eledion is held, as in ^he next print 
the church is almoft exa^ly the fame, though it 
differs in the third print ; and t^ie flag's head and 

Jiorns may only be the ufual trophy of country-halls. 
It is very doubtful whether the w/^ of the broken- 
headed attorney is a fure vote. The lobfter feems 
galloping to reach the mutton«chop; and from t^e 
empty fcabbard, hat and gloves ox\ th? fea^ we ms^ 
fgppofe the owner 

. — *^ who cfinnot eat, 
" No\¥ lallie4 fprth the foe to beat.'^ 


; Vyo have here three very adi^irab].' reprerentations 
of eating: the Hon with his liiv, the hafly vornci- 
-oufnefs of one perfon, and the contraftcd deniurcnefs 
gnd fo jer folidicy of the other. 

Mr. HbgArth has given us, In the courfe of his 
works, nine figures oi jLij^impzrt.mcc : the beadlf, 
and conftablc, in the eighth and tenth plates of the 
^Prentices; the nobleman, and that adiTiirable mummv, 
«jn the fiift and third phtt-s ot MarKiagc a- 1 ^moifc ; 
the fimperiiig importance of the dancing-niaftcr, in 
the fccond place of Tihe Ruhc^ P)Ogrefs"^ the lirrir 
French-boy, In K>jvi \ rrc i.u cook, \•^ ihc lail pi.,te 
of the E!ci{ion\ the coiiilMUnt, in Soutb:vark-yalh,i 
/ and 


[7? 3 

.. and the clerk, in the Sleepy Congregation ; the fclergy- 
man in the reading defk^ iQ the fecond plate of the 

^ ^Prenticesy is too ftnall. to bQ, much attended to ; 
and the felf-important monarch, in the laft plate of 
the Rake's Frogrefs^ is too unfprtunate an obje& to 
dwell on. The features of Ahd S^uait^ and ,th6fe t>f 
the^pimitabl^ cobler in (bis plat% are ftiore expreffive 

. of the furly gcuffnefs of downright £n|^alen, full 
4>f;f roafl; beef and porter dignity ^. As we may pine* 
fume this admired cobler is not ov^r^complai^anc in 
his general behaviour, nor bien liimtdans fes manierif, 
Jie appears then to us a little diftruftful of the barber's 
h9Defty, in taking that caution ^with ht3 dumpy paw, 
>ybich will prevent him lofing any of thofe guineas 
which he has juft received for. his vote ; he admires 

^ the dodtrine of meum and fuum. His ftumpy chair, 
his thick and haughty folidity, his dangling tobacco- 
Hopper, his peruke, his patch, his ndfe, pimple, and 
^bove all hi; right eye, form a figure which Sirjcjhua 

* Mr. Bunljury^f print of JoUmx^ and his phyfician in a 
wtfit to tht campt will ferve for whole chapters on the fiibje^ of 

This cobler wotsld probably have aftcd much in the fartSc 
;nanner as one ndiially now does (or very lately did) to a 
certain facetious gentleman of fplendid fortune in the wed of 
England, who owns every fpot of ground in an extenfive pa- 
rifl), or townihip, except the fmall and contemptible cottage 
and garden of a (h9e-ipakcr, or cobler, who obfllnately refutes 
all oflers of purphafe, though ten times the value has been 
•offered him, that he may indulge hit felf*important whim, In 
telling every pafleuger, whom he drinks a chance mug with at 
the alehouie, that the whole partlh belongs ** to m€ and M^. 


C 78 -3 

Ais coUer Ieid^ »d»i( tf 

bets fTfhimgoi fntMk tkt Fvodi 
eoUcr, had die Imv bca 
4aim! Hid he becB fiiriBg « die 
JnwLprhVfif ifaelnq|fa«^ hbfiiokJt 
Ui^wiiihl9ochafebecBaBi6| hot he 

rhwn AflMPft irflligt pops MC OC 

. the iccxiod print of Ae JZjii// iViff^ 

The feUonr who is iammg 6omn the €/fk fiEde 
thinks he is tmfag domi thevecfpen 
lefis: ao edmirdile fine 00 the 
offliEiigiifliniob^. Frmp die iBfli^ popnlv %B 

• The Griff^ V/n >0W, n the 9^ X* of VoL IL «i 

hippy parody, verr adminbly delineates the charaSer of o 
liAgiifh nxib ; I will rrant'cribe a forali part oi it. ^ Ther 
** have many wife maxinos by which they govern theiB&fTes ; 
** fiich as, * 00 wooden (hoes/ — * liberty and propertr and » 
^^ txcift^ — •no ¥ri9£k danceff,'— * no mouniceri/ — *lc: 
^ every nun toafl his oxo cheefe, &c. Such prudcarial jixiocBf, 
** foun.-ted on the i«>beretl feme, matl undoubtedly coorribu-e 
** to render their ^idminitl ration both wife and protfperoos* k 
*• d)c$ not appear thit they hire ir.adc any great progrrft b 
** the nKidcrn t^xx of war ; on the contrary, there is neafon to 
** iiippol'e ilxat chcy hold rt in c«>nrrmp: \ as it is ecrtJ iin rhat, 
** on iri3ny occi'donf, when our mixed form of gu ^ etomef! 
•* h.ii endeai cured to oppofe them, by fensHog the Ibldicff 
** aipiMt them, they ha^x always laughed at the military 
** furcc, and repelled them from the atfault without their dar- 
*^ in^ to fire. Their military difcipiine fecms to be derived 
V trqpi the R*nuuuy they kaow no ufc of cannoD, fiiv-ar.-ni. 

t 79 J 

which arc difpcrfed through Ibgdtt^s wcMrks, it mif 
not be unamufing to fome of my readers to perufe 
two very entertaining diiiertatbns on them in the 
third volume of the Mirror^ and in the Annual Regifter 
for 177O9 as well as the admirable paper in thefiril 
volume of the Speitaiar. I extrad thefe few lines 
from the paper in t\it Mirror^ as applicable td this* 
print. " In the year 1739, Admiral Vernon took 
Porto-hello with fix Jhips only. The public gratitude 
to him was boundlefs : — He was fung in ballads.--*^ 
^^ At the enfuing general election in 1741, h^ was re« 
** turned for three different corporations j — but, above 
f^ all, his portrait filled every fignpoft : and he may 
** be figurativdy faid to have fold the ale, beer, 
•* porter, and purl of England for fix years*'^ 


The blind gentleman's conductor is amufing htm* 
felf with viewing the prancing horfes, inftead of 
minding his mailer, who, from the pofition of his 
cane, is evidently on the p<nnt of tumbling down« 

*^ &c. but proceed to battle with fticks, bludgeons, fetting up 
^^ loud (hours, fomewhat like the war*hoop of the/iii^£nif, and 
*^ hurling ilones, brickbats, bottles, glaiTct, 9cc. with tremeod* 
«< ous force on the adverfe party. They are total ftrangers to 
'^ all refinements of modern luxury ; bread and cheeie, and 
** porter, being their chief i'uftenance ; gin being only ufed by 
*' them when they are low-fpirited, or are going to be haaged, 
^^ They do not paint their bodies with woad, like the antient 
^ Britoni \ but generally with kenneUdirt, which lends them % 
'* formidable air in battle.^ 

C 9o ] 

Hie carelefs attitude of the clerk^ and His burft df 
laughQ^F^is si firong latire dn the indecency with 
wUicIl loaths are . too frequently, adminiftered. The 
ideot has a bib under his chin, and is fafiened in hb 
chair .by a piece of Wood which goes acrofs. The 
tobacco fumes, from the fellow's mofuth,- will pieveot 
the dying man's making his* exit as in m gentle Jleef^ 
tov he exprefles much pain ^« , 

^ ' PLATE 

. « The humiUatiDg filiation of Britanma iq hef chariot ma/ 

rend^. the infertipn of the following, from a periodical publi: 

catiod', not improper : ' • 

'. ^^ AUdgori^al Dcfcription of the Prefeot State of Grca^ 

.*^ BrltaiQ for Eledkioa Mirth. In a Letter from i 

*' Patriot in Town, to his Friend in tlic Couatiy. ^ 

*' Mrs. Britain continues in a very low, liftgefiag, 

** languifliing condition. Her pulfe, indeed, fometimcs beats 
** high ; but the ftrongeft cffoiits which (he makes to keep up 
•* her importance feem to arife from a fudden flow of aninuil 
'* fpirits, aud> Uk^ the fpafms of a couvi^lfion, are to be cod- 
** fidered as injurious to the machine which is agitated bj 
«• them. The diforder in her hoivehy with whieh flte has bcca 
«* for ibme years afflicted, gaius ground ; but flie is nio;t 
•♦alarmed at the /;t/^tf/wf/ flate of htr extreme farts ; and indeed 
«• fhcy have fo tinpromifmg an afpcft, that it is doubtful irhc- 
•* thcr ail the cooling medicines prefcribed by her ablcft phy- 
•* iiciahs will be able to profent amptetathns. The good old 
•* lady exhibits the moft ftriking fymptoms of an inward dc- 
«' cay, and is, evic^ently, haftcning to her dilTolutioa, though 
*' the precife moment cannot be afcertained* Towards the 
*^* end of the laft century, her conflitution had been fo much de- 
** bilitated by fevere ihocks of various kinds (and particular!)' 
*< injured by that dreadful dillcmper the it/v^VfVfV/, that, if 
*• there had not been a miraculous revpiution in iicr Bi\t)ur, /he 
*« could not have furvived them. Favourable, however, r.< 
•* that revolution ^vas, many diforders, which, couki not have 


▲ ** I)ccn 


r L A T E IV. 

A«iidft thr fund of humour in this plate, it m«y 
lappear as if one viewed the produftions of Hogarth 
with a diftempered ey^, to poinr out fuch trivial 
^ver-fights as the fidler playbg »kh his left handy 
the clerk writing with his kft hand, or the gentle- 
'man who, in t^e laA plate, is l|:ecching off onp of 
the cafididates ii> the fame manner : yet it may nSt 
te improper to point ,ogt fuch minuti^, as Hogarfb 
Hiay have couched ibme meaning in every ftroke of 
his pencil, which may efcape Aany obfervcrs- He, 
no doubt, has £>mp crllujion in the ruinous houfe next 
to the attx>mey's ; ts well as in the fellow who is 
vthrufting his hand into the beerrbarrel : as he furely 
ifcannot he Hcking the dregs of an empty caik, ^ 
.Tri^r fuppo&s ; and he may have a further mean* 
ing in giirisg us only diie Jhiidow of the other jnem^ 
jbier, Mrbo isioot yet come S9to fight, m ho may prove 
jDo b)s ooofiitueots the mere A^dow of a repreDenta* 
tive. The window affords a fine group ; and the 
broiling importance of the cook, the whim of the 

^^ been forefeen by her friends, ^ave originated from it ; and 

** by thofc diforders (he is now fo much wetkened, that the 

^^ chances for a ruovery are very much againd her. With a 

** broken conflitutiom and a bad habit of body^ (he muft never 

^^ expert to do what flie hat done. My fentiments concerning 

•* her wcovery a-re every hour more and more confirmed, when 

*' I think of tl>e frequent application which has been made 

*' of the lancet: for though phlebotomy may be highly iervice- 

^* able in certain gircumllances, the lloutefl patient in Chrift* 

** f ndom may, like^oted pig, be blooded to death.** 

M ^terkitu 

C H 8 

£x>terktn, the fine attitude of th^ undaunted failof, 
and the tranfports of the delighted filler,, canno^but 
inftantly prcfent themfclvcs. 

Mr. Sberlocky in oiie of his admired letters (to i 
Iriend at Paris J^ has thefe word? : ''It is worth yoor 
'• while to come to England^ were it only to fee ao 
^ ele&ion and a cock-hiatch« There is a celeflial 
^ fpirit of anarchy and enthufiafm in the(c two fccncs, 
f ' that words caifnot paint, and of which no countn* 

^* man of yours can ever form an ideal** 

■. '< i.i'i »' • k 

w The g Q C K . P I T. 

Mr* Hogarth^ who fo faithfully recorded each nm- 
ikwH folly (f the day^ has left us to regret his not 
giving us fhe reprefentation of another diver&m 
ivhich this country is noted for — ^that of a horfe^racc. 
'7^^ gentleman who has favoured us with'^e Qty- 
^2/»// gives us hopes that many admirable fcenes of 
th^ prefeqt ^ay will yet be cohfigned to future times 
l>y th^t pencil which feems eqUaliy calculated to 
j^rain nfftis* cheeks to idle merriment, as to dr^w forth 
what Marc Anthony terms gracious drops. 

This'print, were it not fpr the barbarity attending 
this lavage diyerfion, would doubtlefs make us entct 
much imore pleafantly into it; and the very admir- 
able exprefSon in the woman ^s face i^ails fomewhat 
of its comicality, from the difguft occafioned at her 
unfemihine and brutal joy. Thefe unfeeling favagcf 
$f the cock-pity form an heterogeneous group of peers 
; -.•■ ■ ■ ■ and 


ifi(J fcick- pockets, jockies v^d butchers, cliimney* 
fwecpers and gentlemen, thieve^, poftboys, (hoc- 
Wacks, and blackguards of every denominatbn ; the 
very tag rag and bob^tafil of the creatioif. The 
fccne of aftion may lie at Newmarket, frofn J^kfon, 
the noted huhch-ba<*k joCkcy, being in tKii ptlni^ 
atid who vhs fo well kribwn at tHat placd; ai Well 
as from another ufiial attendant on a race-gr(^und^* 
the min whd be^rs the infignia of his trade down liirf 
Ihoiildef , and who is (taf tihg , at th6 Ff fcnch gentle^ 
lAan's cafcleisrfefs. 

Thi fellow on the rigKf haffd iidd of the group 
l^lbw has the mark of the gallows on his back i 
done perhaps in feme nigbt-cellar by one of hi^' Com- 
panions eH badji^fit ; IWs next nSlghbou^, by the ir- 
rcfiftible force df hi^ at^mentum iaculinum, ft^nii to^ 
have applied it (6 well ad bmintm, aS tti haVe over- 
thrown Mm', Which i^ est'prcffed by his hand being" 
ftretched (jf\iu He whd fe^fns fo comfortably drunk,' 
and is viewing' perhaps aii exhaufted puiffe, i^ very 
likely to have it brought to the ground, by the po(f. 
ti6h of a ti^ighbb'ur's ftick, v^fiofe attitude expreiftj 
an eager attention to the battle — the neighbour on 
hfs left hand, by an inattentive manageriierit of his 
whip (in his eafernefs df bdtting- wftff the hump- 
back jockey), has knoct^ed 61% neighbour's cap on. 
One fide, who himfelf, with his elbo^^* has aUrioiV 
^bflicd off t^e hat of the foldier* 

U i bo 

>n rn*;h (:Ae • r \c it , tucn a foot rf- rzcr 

' ;, r -..• r.v>r,v.v r . r.;.»n, ..:rawn un ii: a : 

* .,<• . -f-rvTCF (vit-r.- -me :.-i raomi to mtroaucc irc 

. ■ • ■ 

..ifi-fT-rvT ; . is ^rfllnin ' is Mr. .\icboii i.irorms . = .* 
=•?>-' /r.p?>-nr .:?;'rM;{T .r nis •. ivrhon, .na i^ ci- 
vr.y^raf.u ri .V- irnvvti ouna nc ruii'^-rr- in re 

/Srf./*-^;- ? r*nfhlf\ I :'.e iUoicmbie r.onw: :rom ro .or 

>rr ' m^i. r .r . :.-::«)wwit:i :l f;2ih on his iowaeac. 

• ■ ' ■ ^ ^^^ urtti* 

■ '■•- ■ ■■■' -■ ...w.:.:: : ;o 1:::^. xr*" 

■ ' " ■■ -^ • '-"» . . c-^mntc." t 

. ' " ■■ .■■..-• ' ".I I ^ 

i • *- _ • ■ . 


* • ■ ' .M....... '7 **r". 

* * b' I ■ 


• ; : •• - '^- M ., _j 

•• ». • •».-,i .... ,ii'-- 

gtlitM^t of keen attention ; and from the next ffgar* 
behind, who feems clbfely engaged, not only with 
the cocks, but with fomething elfe, we may prefumc 
his grace of B ' ■■. ; ■■ < .i.^ who is fo neat him, will bring 
home to his aftoni&ed family fome memorial of the 
Company he has been keeping. Near to the blind 
wian (who cannot refill the temptation of at leaft 
hearing his favourite diverfion) is an affeded chtm- 
ney-fwcep, whofe Angularity in this refpcft is verjr 
probably recoMedcd by many who may have for- 
merly feen him, as feveral of the other %ures in thirf' 
j^rint were, foon after its coming out, well known, 
particularly Jackfdrty . tbt hunch-back jockey of iVm- 
markcty the demure perfon with a oock in bis bag^ 
he who has the gold* laced hat, and he who 13 fleallng' 
the note : others? might be equally well known ; but 
I am credibly informed of thofe I have mentionedj^ 
by a gentleman who has frequently noticcfd each of 
fhcm ; the face of the laft, he fays, he never fhall 
forget* The incomparable figure of the noble peer^ 
who is fwallowing, nor a tailor'' s^ but a carpenter's 
newSy is bdrne down by this blackguard heavy brute^ 
^hofe paw unmercifully mauls the titled ribband *=. 

The expteffion in the figures immediately under 
the peer are worthy o( the pencil which produced 
jthcm; and the calm unconcern of the carpenter 
cannot but raife a fmile, when contrafted with the 
\^6k of him who is lofing his wig ; nor can the im« 


♦ •* Wkat a falling off if here l'* Hamlet, 



r 35 3 

paHionrd atticnde of the fellonr nen them eictfpe 2r« 
t^nrion. The fac biucber on the pre&icnrs nair 
hand appean as a conrrall ro che ddbomcft fcilov ca 
hi9 left ; for -^'irb an boncft ccainrrnancg he is cine:- 
ing his iordfhip :o fee rhe exad nun he Hay iskiz. 
The Itecl denotes another burcacr, who is becizd 
two ridmirable Cgurcs. TTie French gecdemon s.boT^. 
a chrjuiter de St. L^mSj is either on the point ji 
fncczing, or is CAclaiming — inutes Jm^ioii I He cauics 
the poor fellow below to fneeze pretty bandibiizeiv 
as h<r unfortunately drops the fnuff ul his eves and 
mouth : hU race and attitude require no coaucect; 
and jierhaps no painter of the paffions could have 
cx[>rcircd deaUiiji more admirably, as the vcrv Seh: 
of :he oW co<iger proclaims him deaf, though no 
trumpet ;vcrr appiied ro bis car. If a biihop w;a 
preaching before the Houfc of Lords, and thcic :wo 
itgi;"'*'-;, with rhc -.voman Selow, ivrre unfortur.2::lv 
:o :>o;j into his Thoughts, he could icarce refrain rroo: 
1 !':t'/>i!>qr. The o<(c1 phiz behind :hc French crrinrtc- 
nr!it '-.Jiichri this fccnc as much as the pLcid -zL-'t. 
ffCt'oviof the man who is taking dovn rhe bets or 
r'-^r* 'I'-niurc lii^jiirc near hirn ; and the next ^ertbn 
(.*iv> T'uf.r) it> -virh cagernefs baivllng- out *• Ginger 
'- .r-r'iinft /yr/* far :hac jv.ccc; who lays " Doner'' 
T;. ■ p ;rrr^ic of ^^pn lldzulins hangs againlt cne" 
u'..;!. .vho, a^ Mr. KUh-As iriforms us, :va5 w-.a re- 
Ti M, ar iV<f:c??/T7rA'r/, was a famous cock-fccder, 
t A Uid ehc honour> of the ^c^uLnjiens* Ofu-iiarv a: 


E 87 3 

Hortbampicn : but the indelicacy of this portrait 
defcrvcs not an explanation. The old contented- 
looking fquiz, who is lighting his pipe with char- 
coal, and the dog, who (hearing the crow of cocks) ' 
takes a peep, give a happy finifli to this admirable- 
piece ^. ' 


As Mr. F/Stor, in his *' Hiftory of the Theatres,** 
Informs us, that old M//j, John/on f , Miller^ Griffin^ 
Tiarper^ &C. and Mrs. Heron^ who was at that time 
at the head of the female lift, and in ,thc pofTefiion of 
"the late Mrs. Oldfiel^s parts, that (he and all the wo- 
/tteh went with Theophilus Cibber and the other re- 
volters to tht Hay market, but that Mrs. Horton and 
Mrs. Clive remained with Mr. Highmore ; this may 

. • Wt arie toIc| by Mr.. Tjfers^ in his" Hiftorical Rhapfody 
*' on Mr. Pofe^** p. 138, *' that Fope^ whilft living with hil 
** father at ChLpwick^ before he went to B'tnfieU^ took great 
*' delight in cock-fighting. ••••.. abd laid out all his fchooU 
^* boy money, and little perhaps it was, in buying fighting 
** cocks! From this paffion, but furely not the play of a child^ 
** his mother had the dexterity to wean him. A judgement is 
*^ not to be formed of our infant poet's difpofition, from hit 
^Vattachment to this cruel, though not uncommon paflimc." 
^t— -^Had Hfl|f<fr/^ been acquainted with this circumftance, he 
probably rtllght have introduced Mr. Pope in this print, as he 
ieeiips to have been fond of introducing him whenever an op* 
portunity offered.. 

t Pity bdt what the talents and virtues of Mr. Garrick were 
recorded by the fame mafberly pen which has fo handfomeiy 
joined the mtvnovy oi Joh/tfon^ \ix\X\t A/itcdota of FaintiHg^ 
Mnder the article yan BUcck. 


.1 90 ) 

■ • • ' 

Inftances fatallf proved, that his word^ whep fokmnlj 

^iven, wais fu^cienj: for the performance, thou^ 

ever fo injurious to bimfdf. The above writer fpcaks 

tbw <>f Bobeme: *^ Such of my reader^ a3 k^yt been 

^ lotig enough in life tp remeniber an adlor in li/i- 

^^ eoMs Inn Fields, theatrp by the name of BcAemc, 

^* will thank me for reviving fo remarkable a per- 

*^ former id their ipemprics ; for the parural niufic^l 

'** piercing tones' of hi$ voice, partjpularly adapted to 

•'grief and 'diftVeft,' mull' bave touche^J thp heart pf 

'^^ every feeling avjdifof too fofcibly ever to be forgot 

"*' i^T-all jtbofe who were judges of nature werf fgr- 

■ ** prized and charmed with the rpu^cal pat^etip tonp 
'V ^^ g^'^^^i ^^^^ went pointed to phe heart from this 

^* captivating fpeajker— : — ^his firft appearance was at 

-^' a booth in Soutbwark Fair, whiqh, in thpfe days 

^ lafted t\^o weeks, and was much frequented by 

• ^* perfons of all diftiqftions of both fexcs ; he afte^ 
*' the part of Menelaus in the bcft droll I ever faw, 

• f' c^Wt^ The Siege of Troy,'', 

Mr. Nichols has been informed, that fcveral un- 
doubted portraits were difcoyerable in this print, but 

■ unluckily he has npt ppiptcd them out. Kidman^ or 
'- Cadman, who is flying from the ftepple, lies buried in 
« the church-yard of 5/. Mqrfs Fryars in S/jrewJburj : 
"in attimptin^ tp fly from which fteeplc he loft his 

life; A fmall monument is placed in the church- 
wall over his gfave, with this infcriptipn : 

Let this fmall monument record the name 
Qf Cfdman^ and to futvire times proclaim, 
'■^ ' ■ How 

i «9 1 

— -▼■•■ . - • " " 

a ta&: this may acco.unt for the Is^^^l which the 
little monlcey holds, who (as Mr. Nichols informs u0 
is meant to reprcfent Mr. Higbmorc. The latfreaJcd 
Gibber (with his bag of itioney) has indeed J'cafon jiiP 
think himfclffuiit anJftwg^ having fo ady^nt^^Quily 
'fold his ihare of the patentj. and has now nothing 
inore to do than wijhing the crew he bai^ h^t fn tie 
vejffit aj^90d ^oyt^^i* I muft refign the po.Utipg (Mt 
of the' other ^gures to one more cQivverlant with ttve 
bid a&ors, and aoi only increafing my ra^ cpnj^^ 
(ureSy in fuppoiing the bruih and.palnr-ppt may ii- 
ftide to Mr. EUis the painter^ who w?s.]iVi^/.J^7/i^ 
deputy for her (hare of the patent^ aadth^t; he, is 
remonftrating wit][i the revolters an the uppsrppri^ty 
tf tlieir condu&^ and ftating the very jarge iUai 
which Mr. Highmore paid for his ihar.e ^ but the fuBi 
which ViSor dates is difierent from this. The wee^?- 
ing female may be Mrs. Heron in Andromache^ or in 
' Hermibne in the Winter's STale^ as the other may Jbe 
Mrs. Clii;f. Ho^yever bluftering Sir JobB Ful/iqff 
may appear in this print,, we are told^ by the writer 
of Mr. Garrick's life, that Harper was taken up byya 
warrant at the inftance.of Mr. Highmore, and feijt v> 
BrideweU: that his crime was joining the rcvoUet^, 
and that the reafon of his fixing pn Harper was in 
confequence of his natural timidity — he was a man, 
however, of a very fair chara&er, apd was foon after 
triumphantly delivered from his confinement by the 
King's Bench* TiSlor fpeaks of Mr. Higbnme as a 
man of humanity and ftrid honour, and that many 

N inftances 

that I am convioced Vol$4ire would be at 1 10& to 
ihe w where he h^s beea eqi^Uod by any of his 

Gray's- Inn Journal^ Vol. B. N' 67. 

» • ■ 

^f A great original genius^ wbofc wovks are perhaps 
fuller of thought and invention than thofe of any 
other fatirift the world eyer produced. His fame 
will live for ever \ but bis hiftoric paiotiagi are 
below mediocrity." Letters concerning the Preient 
State of ^glandy 1 772. 

What the laft work applies to Mr. Fooie mvj vety 
properly be applied to. Mr. Hcgarth. 
. *^ The trueil; portrait- painter which our country has 
produced ; his pieces arc all juft tranfcripts froni 
the manners of the^ age, caught with infinite q«iick« 
nefs^ and czpreflbd in the happieft warmth of na^ 
ture and truth. That he is an admirable mafter of 
ridicule can never be denied ; and the vein of wit 
which rups through his pieces is rich and luxuriant." 

NO 3.. 

From the Critical Review for June, 178 J. 
* *^ The chief. aim of our artifi waa to catch^iiature i& 
the moft uncommon circumftances ; but her uni- 
formity fcarcely afforded fufficient gratification to his 
ludicrous imagination. The ridiculous purfuits of 
mankind, their fears, their wiihes, their paffions, and 


I 9^ 1 I 


HOC ispptf* As to die jaoDdicd eye, ^very rizg. 
ID bi^ oiicd, chased its hue ; vhit -vas 
nrned d fimr ; what ws difertr::^ ':ie 
doublv iudicrocs. His zmad oaSeScd in i 
degree this chcmic power, that his bed piece; irt j 
efcrioauicd mfa laiighabie 
tlKir own ridKi, deftnnr i 

#byedty it is not ooe finiadon, which von c ywi ai pfegg: 
k it a groope of images, cooDcdcd i miuoi br ooc 
.fldioo, but each poflcded c/f its own pamcHlxr powc ?! 
of ezcsriog ridicule. It is not one picluic, ic is i 
nm{% of hdicuiotts and amufing groupes. This in- 
deed may be a deted: io general painring ; bur is H> 
gmrtb k adds to the pleafiire, and we mar be aflowec 
io fuggeft^ that it adds to their moral effic^« It w?* 
BOC difgrace the mod elegant Icdhirc on the beactitr? 
of virtue, and the depravity of vice, rhat it his ::•:: 
been more beneficial than ibme of our artilVs r^::r:- 
ientations. The failings of the painter were inc^^i 
thofe of genius without a g^iidc, of abilities imparicrt 
ot controuL They were the rtriuft of his circun:- 
ftances and firuation. But we fhail not purfuc 'he 
lubjeit ; may they be '* 'u:ritun in water y'* and evcrv 
paffing breeze of his fame contribute to efface rhcni :*• 


^ w 1 

The followipg p^per. from fpme old magaainc, is 
ji yery proper aiidipion to the 140th pajgp of Mf. 
fficRols^s worlf. . . * 

* . Ludicrous ./Li^cdotes 9f the gdebraced Hsydeggarv 

; Xa jtheiie atr^bilarious (line?! |l ivould faqrifice a. feir 
minutes to laughter j. aqd the Iwp following aneV* 
jdotesy taken from a- letter of Baroo BS^eldUi dated 
London^ I hope yoijr readers W)U think, pretty laugb- 

iblc. . . ; . • ? ' '•' •• 

" f his Heydegger is a very.^xtraor^inary perfoil*; 
f^ chough born amid^ the mountains of Switzertafti^ 
** in the greatiefi fimpiicity: of ru^nners^ he badift* 
^^ tur^lly the ftrpngitft propensity, lade, and: uicliM* 
^^y Uon for refined and fpk)[Hiid diy^fio^s. He cattle 
.^^to EngUpd with the/e. endowments, which woiM 
f^ have ruined any other ; but be has made a briUiailt 
^* fortune of them., :|The:J£nglifli: nation may ^'faid 
'^ to have conllitut^d-ihi^ direct of its public dK 
^' verfions^ a poft which has oftei) brought him ikr 
^^^lear five thouiand pounds a yean ti^ has beeti 
^\ undertaker of , the opera, the ridottos, and the 
'^ prinpipa} entertainments ,at London. :Hc is Very 
^' well received at court, and honoured. with the fa- 


** miliarity pf the chief nobility. Being once at 
*^ fupper in very high company, tKe converfation fell 
ff pn the ex^eUen^i^s pf the feveral European natipns^ 



*• ts»ny. ». lasUrv, Jta: «ir ir-' o egp ■ ■■■i& . tk 

-* tsftt^eir It isr trr'. tacmasi 

*• irwtv,^v^nu4i tiKi r muf* L—yustti tax;, ir tmc: 

•* ifi'i. \>' i*»iii':i uiiiiul n*rn:iu. r-tr vr^ '-■• . 

•"* firirm « \m' ir-l II fOK* fn r am imm n* :^.. 

* *,vi!5if/»: .Uii* V Hr».*r V'T.i itr. riir rr 7 :,^ 

* ':ih:.« vi« ifv J'. i.I *>vir}7, I =iii::r 11 r.irrn::- 

'^ If. iiif»j *•: v'»- • ;'-:ivrr.*rr. uiir. ir^tr i r— 

.** he appealed, pbjefting to the difference of their 
^' head-dreffes, and put on the old dame's pinner$, 
** and fitted his wig on her head : this gave a turn to 
** the affair, and his uglinefs appeared to the court in 
*' fuch a decifive fuperiority, that my lord was ad- 
*' judged to pay the wager.'* 

The former was, to be fure, a good jcft of Hey^ 
degger^Sy and no more than a jeft ; but, in the latter^ 
Ihould not the two objeds have been viewed inpuris 
naturalibus, without the coiffures ? I am, Sir|. your 
very humble fervant, . » - 

The Ctitical Review for jfuney 1756, p. 479, fpcaks 
thus of fomc pictures of our art ill : 

'* Mr. Hogarth has juft iiniflied three large pictures 
for the altar-piece of Redcliff church at BriJioL The 
middle piece, which is by much the largeft, reprc- 
fents the afcenfion of our Saviour, who is feen high in 
the air. The emanation of rays from the afcending 
Deity beaming through the interftices of the fur- 
rounding clouds is managed with tendernefs and de- 
licacy. The point of time which the painter has 
chofen is immediately after He has difappeared from 
the fpeftators below. In the fore- ground, on tha 
right-fide at the bottom, St. Thomas is reprefented on 
one knee, and, with his hands lifted up and clafped, 
togethcrj is flill eagerly looking upwards v^ith an ex- 

O preffion 

r/.^l^j, *:i'i^ry. -'■: ^^re C^i, -whir-, uncir tz.* •': — : - 
thi* !oTr-h\-T c'.O'i-rii, part o: i —-g:— ^-"-r" crrr 

a ^iiftaxi':-!', illumir.arcd br i 4dh or iigadizre - "' ' 

* 3 ^ - -« - . - 

* * ^ * i ~ - 

=x J 

. I •- . , 


« ' r- 

# - 

'j •?/■* 

T" ■ • • • - 

* .-» '' ^ — — .. _^ 
/■.'■*■ T ■■ "^ •"■*■■ r ^'?V"- 1 **■♦•■ "* ■■ -» ~ ■». -- ■■" 


a-..'. "' ''•\ : :'•"• «.C: of 


I '< 

- '...;- 

■ .■.^■-3 i.i^t.Okti -.J .»2 own .' 

I . . - , » m 

cr.u..'/;;^**, it v/'il i^c tiic Hkcli^l; aKans to rj.^ I- ■• ^•-- 


[ 99 3 

tijh fchool of painters. In the mean time we think it 
would be a juft fubjedt of public regret, if Mr. Ho^ 
garth (hould abandon a branch of painting in which 
he ftands alone unrivalled and inimitable, to purfuc 
another in which fo many have already excelled.'* 

N« 6. 

The Defcription of London and its Environs, by 
Vodjleyy in the account of St. Baribolomew's Hofpital, 
fpeaks thus : " Here is a ftaircafe painted and given 
by Mr, Hogarih, containing two pictures with figures 
large as the life, which for truth of colouring and 
expreffion may vie with any thing of its kind in' 
Europe. The fubjeft of the one is the Goo4 Sama- 
ritan ; the other, the Pool of Bethefd^. 

N^ 7. 

For The Harlot* s Progrefs. 

Journal of a Wiltlhire Curate, 
Monday. Received ten pounds from my reftor. Dr. 
Snarl, being one half-year's falary. Obliged to wait a 
long time before my admittance to the do&or ; and even 
when admitted was never once afked to fit down or 
rcfrefh myfelf, though I had walked eleven miles.— 
hetn. The doftor hinted he could have the curacy 
filled for fifteen pounds a year. 

T^uejday. Paid nine pounds to feven different peo- 
ple, but could not buy the fecond-hand pair of black 
breeches^ offered to me as a great bargaip, by Cab- 

O 2 bagc 

C ^oo ] 

bagd the Taylor, my wife wanting a petticoat above 
all things^ and neither Betfey nor Polly having a ihpe 
to go to church in. 

Wednefday. My wife bought a petticoat for herielf, 
and flioes for her two daughters, but unluckily, in 
coming home, drcpped half a guinea through a bole, 
which ihe had never before perceived in her pocket, 
and reduced all our caih inthe world to half a crown. 
liem. Chid my poor woman for being afBidied at the 
misfortune, and tenderly advifed her to rely on the 
goodnefs of God. 

Tburfday. Received a note from the alehoufe at the 
top of the hill^ informing me, that a ge^tleInan 
begged to fpeak to me on preffing bufinefs ; went, 
and found it was an unfortunate member of a ftroll* 
ing company of players, who was pledged for fcvcn- 
pence half-penny. In a ftruggle what to do— the 
baker, though we had paid him but on Tucfday, 
quarrelled with us, in order to avoid giving any 
credit in future ; and George Grcafy, the butcher, 
fcnt us word that he heard it whifpered, how the 
rcdtor intended to take a curate who would do parifli 
duty at an inferior price, and therefore, though he 
would do any thing to ferve me, adyifed me to deal 
with Peter Paunch, at the upper end of the town : 
mortifying reflections thcfe ! But a want of huma- 
nity is, in my opinion, a want of juftice ; the Father 
of the univcrfe lends his bleiling to us, with a vic-v we ihould relieve a brother in dillrcfs, anJ we 


oonfequently do no more than pay a debt, when we 
perform an adt of benevolence. — Paid the ftranger^t 
reckoning out of the ihilling in my pocket, and gave 
him the remainder of the money to profccute his 

Friday. A very fcanty dinner, atnd pretended there* 
fbre to be' ill, that by avoiding to eat I might leave 
fomething like enough for my poor wife and children. 
I told my wife what I had drme with the Ihilling ; 
the excellent creature^ inftead of blaming the ifor th^ 
adtion^ blefled the goodnefs of my bc^rt, and burft 
into tears. Mem. Never to contradid her as long as 
I live ; for the mind that can argue like hers, though 
it may. deviate from the more rigid fcntiments of 
prudence, is even amiable in its indifcretion, and in 
every lapfe from the fcverity of oeconomy performs 
an aft of virtue fuperior to the value of a kingdom. 

Saturday. Wrote a fermon, which on Sunday I 
prqached at four diflTcrent parifti-churches, and came 
home cxceffively hungry — no more money than two- 
pence half.penny in the houfe — but fee the goodnefs 
of God I The ftrolling player whom I had relieved 
was a man of fortune, who accidentally heard that I 
was as humane as I was indigent, and, from a gene- 
rous cxcentricity of temper, wanted to do me an ef- 
fential piece of fervice. I had not been an hour at 
home when he came in, and, declaring himfelf my 
I'riend, put a fifty pound note into my hand, and the 


C J02 ] 

next day prefented mc with a living of three hupdrcd 
pounds a year. 

For the laft fccne of The Harlot^s Progrefs. 
The following is taken from p. 57, Vol. II. of an 
Afylum for Fugitives. 

The Life of a Woman of the Toivn. 

Ah ! what jayails, how once appeared the fair. 

When from gay equipage (he falls obfcure ; 
In vain Ihe moves her livid lips in prayer^ 

What man fo mean to recoiled the poor ? 
From place tp place, by unfeeM baUiffs drove. 

As fainting fawns from thirdy blood-hounds fly; 
See the fad remnants of unhallow'd love. 

In prifons per'ifh, or on dunghills dye. 
Pimps and dependants once her beauties prais'd ; 

And on thofc beauties, vermin like, they fed ; 
From vvretchednefs, the crew her bounty raised. 

When by her fpoils cnrich'd deny her bread. 
Through ftrect to ftreet ihe vvcnds, as want betides. 

Like Shore's fad wife, in winter's difmal hours ; 
The bleak winds piercing her unnourifh'd fides. 

Her houfclefs head dripping with drizzy fhowers. 
Sickly (he Iboles amidft the miry lane, 

While dreaming fpoutsdalh on her uncloath'd neck; 
By famine pin'd ; pinch'd by dilVale-brcd pain. 

Contrition's portrait, and niQi beauty's wreck. 


C ^03 ] 

She dies ; fad outcaft ; heart-broke by remorfe ; 

Pale ftretch'd againft th* inhofpitable doors ; 
While gathering goffips taunt the flefhlefs corfe. 

And thank their Gods, that they were never whores. 

For the Strollers, from Mr, Keate's Sketches from 
Nature, Vol. II. p. 166. 

** Some ladies of Amelia's acquaintance, having, 
through humanity, patronized one of the poor players, 
befpoke Hamlet, — and exerted their intcreft to fill 
the houfe — it being for the benefit of the Ghoft and 
his wife. 

Clermont and I were folicited to be of the party ; 
— but the theatre being much crowded, I found my- 
felf unable to fuftain the heat of it. — My friend and 
I, therefore, before the curtain drew up, retired be- 
hind the fcenes ; and indeed, when we got there, 
perceived but little probability that it woTild ^raw up 
the whole evening, — for furely never was beheld fuch 
a fcene of confufion, as then appeared, in what ferved 
both for their general dreffing-room and green-room. 

The centinels, who were to mount guard before 
the palace of the Royal Dane, for want of having any 
uniform in the wardrobe, had borrowed a couple of 
lailors* jackets.— Horatio was ftriding about in a 
niotiftrous rage, — declaring he would not aA, be- 
caufe his own benefit had been unjuftly put back --^ 
Th^/n9oager, who was porpulent enough to have 


I ^05 ] 


cidehtally untied. — However, as his ihirt happened 
to be clean, ne hiiight pafs in it full as ^ell for an 
inhabitant 'of the other world, ad he dici in his old 
leathern armour. . * 

Ophelia's ditty filk gbwri had been deftined for a 
woman far more flendcr than herfelf,-r6n which ac* 
count, the rdbings pihhed almoft at her hips, and 
left her in^^eat difficulties to form a convenient 
itbm^cher.— Neithet {ht nor tne queeii could' ta'ili^ a 
bair of gfoves ; and the latter having fcalcfcd.her 
arm, by tgkiife off ja pot fronii tlie fire, was cbftipeljed 
>o appear with It Dbuiid ibund with old finehVwhibh, 
in truth, but /// became the majejiy of DenpiarLr^Ths 
phy was .received with great indulgence, and excitejfl 
Inuch ihore mirth than it did either terror' or pity". 

r -■ 

• « 

N° 10. 

For xHa StroUcts, from the Weftmmftfcf Magaziae 
ifor Septetaber, .1776. • ; /! 


As fdnie po6r Candidate for vacant plact. 
With ftudy'd words and looks, foUci'fs gracrf, 
So I, for this * fmall humble boro'ugK'here, 
With trembling accents, ahd with decent feiai*,. 
Fain would f heir feprefehtative appear. 
Hard ii'^he fortune of a ffrollmg player, 
Nccc&ty'*s rough bijfde)i doomed to' bear. 

. .-. . I 

.. v/ 

* Poinjtiog beixind the ib^n^f. 

P And 

t ^06 3 

And fcanty is the pittance he can earn, 

WandVing from town to town, from barn to banl. 

This might content us, but the contraft great 

Adds to the terrors of our changeful fate. 

He who to-night is feated on his throne. 

Calls fubjedts, kingdoms^ empires^ all his own. 

Who wears the diadem, and regal robe. 

Next morning fliall awake — as poor as Job ! 

' Where arci my forty knights ;' cries frantic Lear ; 

A page replies,—^* Your majefty, they Ve here,' 

When, lo ! two bailiffs and a writ — appear ! 

^ Give me a pound of flelh/ — cries Shy lock — well h^ 

Tor Shylock~^i7j not eat an ounce to-day ! 
Young Harry (hall his father's crown purloin, 
Aiid only weep — It is not current coin f 

* Where is my Romeo ?' — Juliet crics.^— In bed- 
Without bis Jhirt — replies the laundry maid. 

On the cold ground Ihall poor Caftalio lay ? 
Not till the curtain drops — but break of da ; ! 

* Where is my horfc?' cries Richard. — In the ilab;^. 

* Then bring him forth.' — My Liege, I am nor able. 

* Villain, thou dicft.' — My Lord, he can't be led 
The hungry ftecd — hath eaten off his head! 
Brave Pierre fliall laugh upon the tott'ring wheel 
And fa muft we, whatc'cr wc think or feel : 
Whatever we feci, if here wc chance to pleafe. 
Your fmiles fliall pour the healing balm of eafe. 
Trufting in this, no private ills we'll moan, 

B'lt make that pleafurc you receivc-^-our own* 

C 107 3 ^ 


For the Strollers^ from Memoirs of a Wit, in the 
Wcftminfter Magazine for 1774. 

<^ As foon as we arrived at the place of pur defU- 
nation, we began to take a furvey of our theatre. 
It was a very commodious barn, only the light came 
in a little too much through the tiling, which, how- 
ever, was foon remedied by covering it on the out iide 
. with fome draw. A carpenter was ordered to put up 
fome boards, which, by the affiftance of a powerful 
imagination, we foon fancied bore ibme refemblance 
to pit, box, and gallery. The fcenes were our next 
care, which were fo well contrived as to ferve tragedy 
and comedy alike. — ^The truth is, we had but one fett. 
The wardrobe was pretty much like the fcenes; and 
the cloaths that did for Sir John Fu^/g^likewife fervcd 
for Majler Slender. Our orcheftra was occupied by 
two excellent performers on the violin, who had but 
pne eye betwixt them ; and our chandeliers were a 
couple of hoops drawn up by packthread, with clay 
fockets for the candles. So much for the houfe, and 
novv for the performers. 

Mr. RaJit was the hero. He was excellent in every 
thing ; he was Lear or Alexander^ Bobadil or Fribble ; 
his powers were as unbounded as excellent, and the 
Sock was as familiar to him as the Buikin : add to 
this, his name was always the frjl and largejl in the 
^ bill. The manager hin^felf was the next in confe- 
;:qucnce as a performer, but much m«re fp in every 

? 2 thing 

thing clfc. To him followed Mr. Da^er^ who wal 
what they term a very ufeful hand, becaufe he had \ 
good /wallow i that is, he cpuld undertake any part 
at the Ihorteft notice. Hp was a very little fellow, 
but, like moft other little fellows, had exceeding high 
notions ; he often lamented his figure, declaring, if 
he had been as tall as Mr. Ranfj he knew his abilities 
were much fuperior. The females were the ma- 
nager's wife and two daughters, Mrs. Ranty and Mn. 
Dapper y whofe merits were indifputable. Mrs. Dap* 
per was about five-and-twenty, tall, and inclining to 
be fat; (he had a good face, and wa; particularly 
fond of Icve parts. In a little time Ihe and \ grew 
very intimate, and fomething more fo than it was nc- 
ceffary her hulband fhould know. We always ufcd 
to walk into the fields to rehear ft together, when the 
mo^ tender fpecches were preferred. 

The firft week of our performing we had pretty 
good luck, and fhared five (hillings apiece. '1 hisj 
as it was confidered extraordinary, put us all in fpirits; 
bun the fccond began to appear very indifferent ; the 
third was worfe; and the fourth threatened famipie. 
My good fortune wa$ fuch, that I wanted for nothing . 
and as 1 took care to live well, they were all n\y 
friends, particularly Mr. Dopper and his wife, who 
dined with me every day: indeed, I could not rcfule 
the gentleman on account of the lady, whom \ began 
to take a particular likirg to. They knew 1 had 
fupplies, but they knew not from what fource ; and 
I it 

[ 199 ] 

It wa^ matter of qo fmall mirth to think they grew 
Jealous who Ihould have the moft of my company, 
Mr. Rant ufed to fay, ^ Mr^ Ramble, I am furprized 
you aft fo much beneath your dignity to give that 
fellow, Dapper y fo much of your company ; he is an 
illiterate under-ftrapper, only capable of murdering 
good language ; he has not an attitude that is hu- 
man, not a move fuperior to a monkey, and he chews 
a fentence as a cow chews the cud ; the wretch is 
paft all bearing : — and then his wife—' ^ O for 
ihame ! Mr. Rant, I beg you will not rail againft the 
ladies/ ^ Not I^ indeed, fir ^ I was going to ob* 
ferve, the woman has fome notion ; and if the puppy 
would but let me give her a leJfQn, flie might come 
on in a year or two, and — and — and do fomething.* 
I I^ad juft ;hat minute got a fine beef-fteak brought 
in by my landlord, which will account for that fmall 
hefitation iq K^r. R,ant*s fpeech. I knew the caufe, 
and aiked him to partake, which he was not back- 
ward in doing, ^ Pon my foul, 'tis a fine fteak ! but 
d — it, they have not the method pf cooking in the 
country, as they have in tpwp j one fteak at Dollys 
is worth fifty any where clfc ; fo clean^j fo neat, fo 
charming, it does one good ; it creates an appetite if 
pne has none, it gpes down with fuph a go^t : then a 
^lafs or two after it, makes one fo hearty, fo ftrong, 

fo capable, fp fo, my fcrvice to you, Mr. 


1 for- 

C no 3 

I forgot to obferve, that my acquaintance who re- 
commended me to the manager did not come dow 
with us, being obliged to meet his father, who was 
cxpeftcd to ftay a month in town, about bufincfs; { 
which being difpatched, he arrived at the inftant | 
Mr. Rani concluded the above curious fpcech. He * 
was accompanied by a young lady, who came down 
to try her talents for the ftage, which Ihe (boo bai 
3n opportunity of doing. 

A boarding-fchool in the town had ordered tb 
play of Jane Shore, for the entertainment of the 
fcholars. The young lady who came down was to 
perform J/icia, and Mrs. Dapper, jfane Shore ; GU^er 
was Mr. Ranfs part, and Dumont mine. The even- 
ing came, the candles were lighted, and the per- 
formers drefled. By the bye, I fhould have menti- 
oned, that' we had but three fwords in the compan^ ; 
two of them were rufted in the fcabbards, and th? 
third had none. 

The tragedy began ; and if murder be a princinil 
ingredient in tragedy, this was as tragical a one .-s 
any that ever was performed, or perhaps ever mav. 
'Ihc conclufion, indeed, was rather comic ; for juft as 
the unfortunate heroine of the piece had finiflied hr: 
dying fpeech, and ftrerched her form in an elegan: 
manner on the cold earth; ill luck, or the devil o: 
fome other occult cauie, put it into the head of forr.c 
unlucky rogue, to cut the packthread by which ore 
of rhe chandeliers hung lufpcndcd; and one of rrc 



[ I" 1 

.fcindlcs, falling on the dying penitent^ fet bfcr hcad^ 
cloaths on fire, the lace of which, as well as h^r 
tuffles, being nothing more than pinked paper, blazed 
up in an inftant. The afili^ed fair-oner fprung up 
from the arms of deafb with the adion of a. bed* 
limite, and fled behind the fcencs for fuccour ; where 

. no water being at hand| but fqch as necflQty had 

a little before compelled from the jealous if/rV/a^Mr* 

, ... ■ . . « 

Dafptr was confirained to make ufe of that. Having; 

• • ■ • ... 

.poured it on her head, the flames were foon extiR- 
guilhed, though, the applicatipn ^prpduci^d .a foetid 
fmell not quite fQ agreeable as a bed of violets.. 

. * But' who can faint tbi birpine asJhefioodV 

".1 netetf in my fife beheld any^ thing ifo truly tntg|[<« 
comical ; her faec was befniearcd' with the burnt 
paper, which adhered clofely to the fweat and ftmgt^ 
through which the faliK water had fcrrmed fnulll ca* 
tara^; whilft her pretty eyes fuflufed with tears, 
and her lengthened vifage, gare her no finall relem* 
blance to a mad Hbttentoc 

The young lady who performed AUcid itas <xx* 
tainly pofleflTed of more requifites for the ftage tb^ 
any other female in our company ; her Aaine was 
Deane^ and fl^ had been macried fame fliort time 
: before to an undeferVing fellow, wiiofe cruel trsa^- 
'liient of her obliged her to quit biin for a precarious 
dependance upon the flage. We {boo coBtraded.m 
very particular intimacy \ and, to fave the expence of 

a lodgirigj I kindly ftceothnioditej ' faer with half tf 

Mrsi Z)(i^;>fr fooh perceived our connexion, wSidi 
rota little p'lcqued her pride, though affiiiflicdtD 
r^rciit it openly ; however, to gratify her rtvfng:, 
flic had recourfc to the following projcft. She jw- 
(liaded her hufband that I was the pcrfdn wlio bid 
been the eaufe of her difgrace, in fctting fire to lier 
■ headdrefs. The little hero was inftantly fired at & 
ihdlgnitj' offered to his loving hclpinate ; and tittt 
iamb evening demanded ratisfaftioD of rhe. I rtplieA, 
I was igtiorahf of any injury I had ddne him ; wVidl 
he anfwered by gtvnlg mt the lye, to which I as ei* 
-pedjtioufly rctorncd him a box on the ear. Ri 
imnlcdiately bf hind the fcenes, he caugHt up 
(thcL fwords, and made fiiriouHy at me. Luc'ktly k 
-one that was rirtfed in thefcabbardi orhervrUe 
af&ir might have concluded in a tragical mai 
•faovrver, 1 eafdy wrenched it from bis hand, 
which I foon properly correded him, 
.TjjHcariily tired with my fituation, 1 was refc 
iqvftt »11 coDOedtion with the ftage j and Mrs. DA 
having an offer made her of an engagement 
■another company, i attended her the next day, 
-pofl-chaifc, to tiie place of rendezvous; where I foon 
matter left her, and rcrurned to toivn, ihoroughty itif^ 
igofied lltfil the life of a play 

U i* 1* - ^ 

: i i.''^" *i- ^^ *i9^. *J^». .'i'*»> • I • ■•' ' 

i^on^be Aisdlbnik^ bk iifiBzi of* the 6uiirdiab^ and 
ip:;tbeiIiifd;<if^&bdfiP</iff tUb'Comed^n^' acpong many 
other ajritidesjiliaa ihteatnry of theatrical furniture^ 
arAi-ihe)ft)lbvy^ngjqb1bFiiv blot^f/vkyMaebith^^ViaifiM 
an^^oiOBc^^for ^'^^ttchfsiibatxiiietWTiicee Ibottlcs 
an4 ah^iaf ii^Dihgi4.0Deihoi«eirlof fiidw'^ in the 

^Lwhitf flrFrifanb {>apq^A dofisenf and- an' half of Clouds 

—A Tzlbboiif^ * .A >little fade4^ A . HniMmbOtti ibme- 

thing deczytd-^Otbello^j handkerchief — Mrs. Old* 

Jield^s ilippefs. — lAxiWitk^s gloves — A ferpent to 

. : fltfAgl ^fopatpai^^ \ 'tilulhr d4xi)«rl < td r make t h'dnder 
^ith — Another of a bigger fort, made: by:'^v'Ji)iii-» 
ii//i &e^jo|^^{ttl^f<^^^»-^'fu'U( of j^loaths for a 

. Tl^r tae, y/rflZ&rj, being part ;Of a. ^rolpg^je.fpol^fln 
by Sir Georee Beaumont, at. Isortb AJlon. ana -wjutcn 
by WtlUani Whitehead, Elq; 

. . n. ! W16. -^({j fc 7.;Th^s. pageant pQipp.jou.fqe,. 
,:i^>rr^?fc9ftfiS J^ftoTTthc feat^:;7i>duary I r : . » 
.;:i ^H?W^«^yvW^e>wheRiiIUhi^€H^^ 
L.>: ,9Cm«vgs, Painti apc^pJ3^^ lie: low i ^ .^ 


^^-^^^S^alcAs Wjir J5^^«^^^ of making thunder 

ib^dil>einq>artedito Otheo^'l^thoat h{8\:bhfen^ thaC'Mr. 
Pf«f iiforms us^ he crkd^xuiL: vehemently, at fome traimdk', 
upon pearmg an u;iCoipmon burit of thunder, ** By .G-« 
•^^'illVitiyithundeh'^'. Ui^amatic Mifcclhinics, Vol. II. p. f;. 

' Q^ ^ Thcfe 


Thefc gorgeous palaces, yon doud-capt Tccnc, 

This barn itfelf, rtAy hb a barn again : J 

boa ,Alte l]}{3&Airting dniib i^ay-oeafe tx> roar^ ^| 

\r£>'n'^be.prDmptrr'swliilUeana7'be hewd Qomore^^l 

, -;■ -ifiut oaboingfoumii of ruftic toil prevmlv '/^| 

. ' T4ie' wisndiN'aiig btfs and! dipping of cile flt3|i^| 

Hither &B€*fi»ce inay unhous'd vagrants ttj-, 7™ 

T.0 flitlnth' inoltsDMS bl^ and pelting; Ikj; ; 

■^ Ou Leai-'aoitm itnm'TiAy ^ifGit^ nA. tfa^ hcrti 

-'jitkJ^/VBidiiniUs-iieiiiu^Mi i>e/Ui;auatfU^iad^< 1 / -^| 

-\(tO .--i-'i V;;:i.;'i ^ '^1 

«j :c;qi i A-'.r.ofj, .N".,^!*- ,!,!_.,;> .,,,11 i",;.~ 
vjb^dr dit<.citb;plM>iloCicltr^if'rAtfKe;^'.'<yi^3K4'AMtD 
-*aci«^apfcri'-.->.i ,ii-l ■i.,/.v-l ■. 'it) i,.,JoriA — ..:.-* 
* Wt !i( -.lESE-CtTTldN' 'DA'V^'^i*^ ' ' 
•' The following true, but dreadful, pi<2JSHr>^ 
execution day will, I hope, be fuflicient 10 Qiow why 
a thorough reforrnation ihould take place, not only 
'■{n'Newgifte, biit la W(^ nianncriri wjikh th'e'-Uotiappjr 
"wrttches art coniluftcd &bni tbcQcc tb the.p^j^of 
execution. '' 

Whtn tbed*yi arrives i in wh'ich the CffTRlQnDcd 
criminals are to fufftr, aiid liavetinly that one l^iriit 
to live, one would «xpeft to fee, -not only ftt ilD< 
happy criminals imprcffad with n deep forrow, and 
fliowing the ftrongeft fign* of a. thorough coatritioo, 
but that every pcribn prciccc would appear in:£lat 
ftdnefs. The reverie, hii!)W<hTi-, is the cafe ! The 
horrid afpedh of turnkeys aa^ jailors, in difcoiutac 
7 nod 

\ • 

t US ] 


and hurcy ; ' the fk^vjf apd dreadful loQks of roguf ^ 
that beg in irons, byt who wiflh to. rob you if tb^y 
could; the bellowing of half z dgzeo. names at ^ 
time to cncjuire after one another ; thQ variety qf 
ftrong voices, howling ip one place; fcolding, quar- 
relling, and fwes^ring^ in anothQr; loud byrds pf 
laughter in a third ; the fubdantial bri^akfafts th^t 
are made in the midft of thefe f<;enes pf hprrpr ; the 
feas of beer and gin that ar? fwallowed ;. ibe.inf:ef- 
Jfant outcries for more ; the bayyling anfwers made 
by tapilers; the impudent and uqieafon^ble jefl^.; 
, their dirty hands^ and general qaftinefs^ wiih the 
oaths and imprecations echoed from every quarter of 
the jaili added to tbe melancholy noife o^ chains apd 
fetters difiereptly (buAding;. woul(} com^pofe all to« 
gether one of the mod horrid fpe^qks the eyes, of 
thinking men can behold ! Yet hp^v much more 
terrifick is this dreadful fcene rendered by the beha* 
, viour of the men juft fcitting off for execution, who 
are madly drinking, or uttering the vileft ribaldry, 
and jeering others that are lefs impenitent, while the 
Ordinary buftles among them, and, fhifting from one 
to another, diibributes fcraps of good counfel to inat- 
tentive hearers ; and near him the Hangman, impa- 
tient to be gone, fwears at their delays I. 

At laft out they fet, and with them a torrent of 
mob burfts through the gate, among which are the 
idled of holiday-makers, fuch as 'prentices and jour- 
neymen of the meaneft trades ; an