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OF THE Early Settlers 



J. H. BEERS & CO. 


i ■■ /I -^''., 







lie dici', his widow remaining witli the same daugh- 
ter. 'I'he union of Peter R. and Priscilla R. Landis 
was l)lessed with five children (ninth g-eneration), 
viz. : Walter Ij., Emeline L!., Pierce B.. and Bessie 
B., all at lionie, ami one that died. Peter R. Landis 
was a successful farmer. He is a director on the 
board of the Manheim Township Mutual l^re In- 
surance Company and a director in the Union Trust 
Company of Lancaster, wliicli was oi)ened fiir busi- 
ness in the spring of 1902. 

(VTII) Isaac R. Landis. fifth son of Henry L. 
and Catharine S. Landis, is now living on the farm 
where the Landiscs first settled in Manheim town- 
ship, on the Reading road, near the Stone Bridge 
and the Landis Valle\ Old .Mcnnonite meeting- 
house. This farm was first settled by a Suavely and 
afterward bought by Benjamin Landis, his brother- 
in-law, and is now in the possession of the Landiscs 
for the sixth generation, since 1751. Revolutionary 
soldiers used to camp in the meadows of this farm. 
Isaac R. Landis married Alary Landis Brubaker, 
eldest daughter of the late Peter Brubaker, of Lea- 
cock township, and their union was blessed with three 
children (ninth generation), viz.: Charley B., Lillie 
H. and Elmer B., all at home. yir. Landis has re- 
peatedly been ofl'ered the office of sciiool director, 
which he declined. He has been one of the auditors 
of Manheim township for c|uite a while, and is a 
director in the Lancaster & Ephrata Turnpike Com- 
jjany. In general, he has been a very successful 

(VIII) Jacob R. Landis. sixth son of Henry L. 
and Catharine S. Landis is now living on and owns 
the farm where Henry L., his father, resided and 
reared his family. lie married Annie Buckwalter 
Hess, only daughter of Henry Hess of Manheim 
township, near Lancaster, and they have been blessed 
with children as follows (ninth generation) : Henry 
H., John H., Warren II., Katie H., and Simon H., 
all at home, attending school. 

(VIII) Israel R. Landis, seventh son of Henry 
L. and Catharine S. Landis, is now residing on the 
Andrew Hauck farm, near Landis Valley. He is 
married to Susan Rohrer Sechrist, eldest daughter 
of Michael Sechrist, of Columbia, Fa., and to their 
union have come two children : Ir\-in, who met an 
accidental death, by burning: and Mamie, at home. 

(VIII) Annie R. Landis. eldest daughter of 
Henry L. and Catharine .S. Landis, was married to 
Benjamin Hershey Brubaker. eldest son of the late 
Jacob Brubaker, of Elizabeth township, and lived 
near Petersburg, in East Hempfield township. They 
were blessed with seven children : Emma, the eldest 
child, married Roy Kcndig, of West Willow: Ele- 
nora married John Meyers of York county, and has 
two children: Landis I... Frances L., Benjamin L.. 
Annie L., and Clara L. are all at home and attending 

(VIII) Lizzie R. Landis, second daughter of 
Henry L. and Catharine S. Landis, is married to 
Henrv Stoner Miller, elder son of Elias Miller. 

They live near Lititz. on a very fine farm in Warwick 
township, and have four sons: Benjamin L. mar- 
ried Bertha Erb Brackbill, eldest daughter of Dan- 
iel Brnckbill, of Brownstown. and lives on the old 
.Miller homestead : Harvey I., is a clerk in a grocery 
store in Piul;ulelphi:i : L barley L. is dork in a Phiia- 
dclphia tirug st(>re : :md Mtmroe L. is living at homo 
near Lititz. 

( \"1 1) Katie R. Landis. tliird ilaughtor of Ilonry 
L. and L'alharino S. Landis. is married to Jonas 
Harm'sh Shouk, only son of Andrew .shonk-. of near 
Levan's i>, lill, in Lancaster townshiii. They reside 
on the old Shenk homestead, and have throe chil- 
tlrcn : Landis L., Emma L. aiul Walter L., all at 

(\ III ) Ella R. Landis, fourth daughter of Henry 
L. and Catharine S. Landis, is married to Eli Bru- 
baker Mumma. eldest son of Jonas Mumma, of 
Landisville. where they reside. They have three 
children : Plarr}'. P!ii and Ella, all at home. 

(VIII) Clara R. Landis, youngest daughter of 
Henry L. and Catharine S. Landis, is married to 
William Weidman, of Elizabeth township, son of 
Eli W'cidman. They live near Lexington, Lancaster 
county, and have one child. Catharine, who is at 

Al! the farms originally owned by a Landis in 
Lancaster county, are still in the possession of that 
family- — a very singr.lar thing for so large a family 
to hold their own and acquire more — except one now 
in the possession of Lemon Shirk, near Oregon, Lan- 
caster County. Amoiig them there were six ordained 
ministers of the Gosjiel of the (.)ld Mennonite faith ; 
one associate judge; lawyers, doctors, statesmen; 
men of wealth and high standing in business and so- 
cial life. .Most of them still adhere to their mother 
Church, the CMd Alennonite faith. Lancaster county 
owes much to this family in the matter of agri- 
cultural progress, as nearly all. with few exceptions, 
were farmers. 

SAMLTEL TEXXL'^. Among the prosperous 
and enterprising old settlers of Drumore township 
is Sanniel Tennis, a farmer who resides one mile 
north of Eurniss, Pa. He was born May 7, if^35, a 
son of Israel and Elizabeth (Lukins) Tennis, of 
Montgomery, Pennsylvania. 

In 1830 the parents came to Lancaster county 
and settled on the farm now owned l)y Samuel Ten- 
nis. The following children were bom to the par- 
ents : Eniilinc ; Sarali ; Enos, who flied young; 
Mary Jane : Lukins : Samuel ; Haimali M. : /\nna ^I. : 
William: Benjamin P.. of Drumore township: and 
Enos (2), of Kansas. 

Israel Tennis was a son of .Samuel Tennis an^l 
the grandfather had a family as follows: Israel, 
Samuel. Racliel. Mary. Lavina. Jane ami Eliza, all 
of whom are deccasc<l except Jane. The maternal 
grandfather, Enos Lukins. was a native of Mont- 
gomery county and the father of the follmving chil- 
dren : William, Abr.-iham, Enos. Elizabeih. Mariah, 



Sarah, Hannah and Margaret, all deceased. Israel j 
Tennis, the father of Samuel, was born in iSoo and 
died about 1SS2, while his wife was liorn in 1805 
and died in 1S96, aged nincty-onc. 

Samuel Tennis, of whom we write, was married 
in 1859 to Miss Mary Jvutter of Bucks county. Pa., 
daughter of John Rutter. Six children were born of 
this marriage: James, deceased; Charles, who mar- 
ried Mary Alice Ritchie, of York county; William, 
deceased; Bromley, who died young; Beiijamin, of 
New York State ; and Clinton E., of York, Pa., a 
machinist by trade. After tlie death of his first wife 
]Mr. Tennis married Susan Gumpf, of Lancaster 
City, and slie died in iSqS, leaving no issue. 

The early life of Mr. Tennis was spent upon the j 
farm, attending the district school. Starling out in j 
life a poor man, by hard work he has earned an ex- 
cellent farm of 200 acres, which is well improved | 
and in a good state of cultivation. In religious mat- | 
ters he is a Quaker, and in politics a Republican, • 
serving as supervisor and township auditor. After 
a long life of industry, he is now living retired and 
is cared for by his sister, Anna M. Teimis, a maiden 
lady. No one is more liighly respected in the com- 
munity than this good man and his estimable sister 
and they are recognized as kind neighbors and 
plain, honest people. 

SAAIUEL BACH:\IAN, in his lifetime an hon- 
ored and industrious farmer of Bart township, Lan- 
caster county, was born near Georgetown, Aug. tq, 
1791, his parents being Jacob and Ann (Heidel- 
baugh) Bachman. 

Jacob Bachman, who was born in 1762, was the 
son of Felix Bachman. Felix Bachman came from 
Switzerland when a young man and settled in Bart 
township, where he owned 800 acres of land, which 
was divided among his children, Jacob and George 
were his two sons ; Margaret Ann, the oldest daugh- 
ter, married Simeon Geise, and died in Bart town- 
ship ; Barbara and i\nn Margaret married two 
brothers by the name of Pickle, and spent their lives 
in Bart township. 

Jacob Bachman was the father of a family of 
five children: George, the oldest; Elizabeth Bach- 
man, the wife of Solomon Hamer, of Bart township ; 
Mary Bachman. married to Adam Fogle, of Bart 
township ; Jacob Bachman, who lived and died on 
tlie old homestead ; Samuel. 

Samuel Bachman was reared in Bart township, 
where he married for his first wife Rebecca Baird, 
born in Bart township in 1704. Tliev settled at the 
Green Tree for a time and then moved to A\'hite 
ITall, where tlic wife died in 18.^0, leaving four chil- 
dren, two of whom are now living: John Baird 
Bachman, a resident of Columbia ; Hiram F. Bach- 
man, killed by lightning in 1850; Samuel H. Bach- 
man. who died wlien a \-oung man : Ann Amanda 
Bachman, unmarried and an invalid, living nn the 
old liomestead, 

Mr. Bachman married for his second wife, in 

September, 1834, Miss Isabella Bower, born hi \'ir- 
ginia in 179S. She died in Bart lownshi]) in Oc- 
tober, 1841, lea\'ing two daughters and one son: 
Harriet E., born and reared in Bart lov>-nship, living 
at the old home from which she buried her par- 
ents, and nuich respected and loved for her many 
kindly qualities; Rebecca, who was educated in the 
home schools and in the State Normal at iMillersville, 
taught private school in Lancaster countv for sev- 
eral years, and lives at the old home ; William E., 
who died in childhood. 

Mr. Bachman married for his third wife, in 1S44, 
Miss Hannah Pickle, a lady born and reared in Bart 
township, by whom he had one daughter, Hannah 
M., born in 1846, and for a number of years a very 
successful teacher in Lancaster county. She is now 
the wife of James Irwin and has three children, 
H. Mabel, Sarah B. and Mary G. 

In 1849 Mr. ]>,achman bought the farm where 
his daughters are now living. It adjoins George- 
town, and there he erected good buildings and made 
man\- ]iermanent and valuable improvements. He 
also owned a valuable farm near \\'hite Hall. He 
died in 1882, 

Religiously Mr. Bachman was connected with 
the Presbyterian Church, as were all his daughters 
excepting Rebecca, who is a I\[elhod;st. In politics 
he was a \\'hig, and later a Republican. He was one 
of the first school directors in the town. His four 
daughters, noted above, are all that is left of this 
historic family, Tliev are ladies whose deeds of 
kindness and thoughtfulncss have endeared them to 
the community. 

JOHN KEAGY STONER, for twenty-nine 
years the head of the well-known harilwarc and hon^e 
furnishing firm of Stoner, Shreiner & Co., of Lan- 
caster, and now living retired in his home at No. 
543 North Duke street, is one of the most conspicu- 
ous and well known figures in Lancaster. No man 
in the city is better known or more highly respected. 

Jacob Stoner, the grandfather of John K., was 
born in this country, and engaged in farming on 
Long lane, below New Danville. 

Christian Stoner, son of Jacob, was born on the 
old Stoner liomestead, and became a miller and 
farmer. Pie married Miss Anna Resh, daughter 
of Henry Resh, who was a justice of the peace, and 
one of the most pronn'nent citizens of Pcquea town- 
ship. Thirteen children were born to them, of 
whom four are living: Christian, a retired mer- 
chant of Freeport, 111.; Eli, a \-eterinary surgeon of 
Sahniga : .^mos. a farmer of Dauphin county; .and 
John K.. of Lancaster. 

John Keagy Stoner was born near Petersburg 
^Farch 35, i^,'!3, and was cducatcl in the schools of 
West ITempficId township. Leaving school, he be- 
gan work on his father's farm, and when lie was 
quite a young man went to Freeport, 111., to take 
a position as clerk in a grocery store. At the end 
of three years he threw up his position and returned 



to liis native State. Settling on his father's farm 
near Sahinga, in Lancaster county, he continued on 
the farm for three years after his marriage. After 
spending three vears in the cultivation of the old 
homestead, and three years at Nelifsvillc, Mr. Stoner 
came to Lancaster and engaged in business as a 
butcher for six years. At the end of that time he 
quit the shop and bought the building at the south- 
west corner of North Queen and Walnut streets, 
whith soon became widely known throughout the 
county as Stoner, Shreiner & Co.'s Corner. There 
for twenty-nine years Mr. Stoner was steadily 
at his business, being absent only three weeks in 
all that period. The firm, which consisted of J. 
K. Stoner, Isaac T. Shreiner and J. Newton 
Stauffer, carried on a most successful business. In 
the spring of 1901 Mr. Stoner retired from active 
business, and the tirm became Shreiner & Stauffer. 
Mr. Stoner was one of tlie chief promoters of tlie 
Northern Market House, of which he was also a 
director for some eighteen years. It was Mr. 
Stoner, associated with his partners, who started 
the movement that resulted in the building of the 
Northern National Bank, in which he was for many 
years a director. These two projects have bad much 
to do with the development of the substantial busi- 
ness interests of that section of the city. 

Mr. Stoner was united in marriage with Char- 
lotte Evans, daughter of John Evans, and 'sister of 
David Evans, for manv years superintendent of puli- 
lic schools for Lancaster count}', and justly regarded 
as one of the foremost educators of the State. The 
Evans family is one of the oldest and most highly 
respected in this section of the county. Five chil- 
dren were born to Mr. and i\Irs. Stoner, of whom 
only two are living: (i) Elmer E., now connected 
with the establishment of Shreiner & Stauffer, mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of the late Samuel Groft, a 
well-remembered citizen of Lancaster, and tiiey have 
had four children, Kathryn and John K., Jr., liv- 
ing ; Helen, who died at the age of four years ; and 
one that died in infancy. (2) Harry E. is now 
in Europe in the interest of the Staiidard Oil Com- 
pany, having been sent there by that corporation 
with a view to his establishing his permanent resi- 
dence abroad to attend to the many and compli- 
cated interests of that great corporation ; his selec- 
tion for this delicate and resi)onsible position by 
this great institution is an expression of remarkable 
confidence in so young a man. 

It is impossible in so brief a sketch as this to fully 
portray the life of one who has been so prominent 
in business affairs as has Air. Stoner. It gives but 
a glimpse at his career and those from whom he is 
descended, as well as his descendants. Religiously 
he is descended from that sturd)' set known as the 
Dunkards. In politics he is a Republican. Keen 
in his observation of men and events, intelligent in 
his conversation, and social in his nature, ^Tr. Stoner 
seems as vigorous, mentally and physically, as 
though in the very prime of manhood, although he 

has long since passed the age at which men are 
thought to be turning to driftwood. By careful 
living and regular habits, he has so preserved him- 
self that he gives promise of many years in the 
enjoyment of his well-earned retirement. 

JACOB E. STAUFFER, a general farmer of 
very high reputation, and a justice of the peace at 
Sporting Hill, Rapho township, Lancaster county, 
was born two miles south of Sporting Hill, in that 
township, Feb. 20, 1837, a son of Henry and Sus- 
anna (Eby) Stauffer. 

The father was born in White Oak, Lancaster 
county, and the mother in Warwick township. Both 
died in Rapho township. The father was a farmer, 
and served as one of the first school directors when 
the free school system was first established in Lan- 
caster county, in 1855 he retirctl from active la- 
bors, and died in 18S8. He was born in 1802'. His 
wife, who was born March 4, 1S05, died in 1885. 
Their remains now rest in the private burying 
ground in Rapho township which is owned by Eli 
B. Mumma. They held to the old Mennonite 
Church, and were among the good people of their 
day. In politics he was a Republican,, being counted 
among the reliable men of the community. Born to 
them were the following children : Catherine E., 
who married Jacob G. Nisslcy, and is now dead ; 
Benjamin and Veronica, who died young; Chris- 
tian, a carpenter at Kissel Hill, a twin with Susan, 
who married Joseph E. Brubakcr, of Rapho town- 
ship, whose history ajipears on another I'age; Ja- 
cob E. 

Joseph and Catherine ("Acker") StaufTer, the 
grandparents of Jacob E., were born and reared in 
Lancaster county, where their lives were sj^cnt. 

Jacob E. .Stauffer was married May 5, iSC)/, in 
^•^''arwick township, to Barbara Mohn, by whom lie 
had the following children: Stella M., the wife of 
Aaron Hurst, of East Petersburg, Pa., where he 
engaged in business as a tobacco farmer ; Bara M., 
married to Amos Sumpman, of Mt. Joy, Pa., where 
he is engaged in broom manufacturing; Henry C, 
I at Rearling, Pa., where he married Laura Hefel- 
I finger ; Wayne IsL. single, and at home. 
I Mrs. Barbara Stauffer was born in Warwick 
I township, ]\Tarch 4, 1S43, a daughter of Henry and 
Sarah (Herchelrodc) Mohn. Her father was born 
in Lancaster, and her mother in Clay township. 
For years he operated a distillerv at Pine Hill, near 
Lititz. He died in 1865. fifty-nine years of age; the 
mother died Dec. 9. 1877, at the age of fifty-nine 
vears. Both were buried in the Middle Creek 
Dunkard Meeting House burying ground. They 
were members of the Lutheran Church. To them 
were born the following children : John, in the 
hotel business at Denver, Pa. ; Christian, a cigar 
maker at Lititz ; Barbara, whose name is given 
above ; Henry, a horse dealer at Manhcim ; Susan, 
the wife of Christ. .Stauffer, a carpenter at War- 
wick ; Charles, operating a bakery at .*\kron. Pa. ; 



Etliiiond. a cigar maker at Akron, Pa. ; Franklin, 
who died in infancy. 

The paternal g-randfather of Mrs. SlaufTcr was 
Lewis Mohn. of Lancaster county, a ci^ar maker in 
his younger days. Her malernal .cfrand]3arents were 
Henry antl IJarbara (Vounq-) Herchch-odc, fanner 
folk of Lancaster comity. 

Jacob E. Staiifl'cr remained with liis jiarents un- 
til his marriage. When he was eighteen he began 
teaching school, and continued in tlie scliool room 
for nine years. After the exi)iration of his career 
as a teaciier he worked on the farm a year and a 
half. He spent some time as a photogra])her in T\It. 
Joy, and then returned liome and was married. In 
1868 he began farming in Raplio township, in which 
he was engaged for ten }ears. In 1S7S he moved to 
his present home place, a comnact garden spot of 
eleven acres. In 1S75 he was elected justice of the 
peace, a position he has continued to till to tlie pres- 
ent time, with the exception of a year and a half 
when he resigned, but he was again elected. For 
twelve years he has been town clerk, and is now 
discharging the duties of his judicial office with 
marked ability. In politics he is a strong Republi- 
can, and is regarded as one of the leaders of the 
party in this section of Lancaster county. 

JOHN HASTINGS (deceased) was born in 
Colerain township, Lancaster county, Dec. 4, 1804, 
a son of John and Mary (JJahoney) Hastings, of 
English and Irish ancestry, the Alahoneys belonging 
to tlie Scotch-Irish. Both families were represented 
in the war of the Revolution. 

John Hastings, Sr., was the son of Peter and 
Rachel Hastings, who were born in England. John 
and ]\Iary (Mahoney) Hastings were niarried in 
1796, and settled on a place in the woods in Cole- 
rain township. This his axe converted into a farm, 
and there both he and his wife died. Tlieir family 
consisted of the following members: (i) Stephen, 
born in 1799, married a Miss Potts, and settleil in 
Lancaster township, where he and his wife died in 
1832, leaving two daughters : Frances, the widow 
of Clement Dunlap, of Lancaster: Mary, late wife 
of Samuel Curtis, of Lancaster. (2) Rachel, born 
in Colerain township in t8oo. married Hays Kuch, 
who settled in Little Britain, where she <lied in 
1880. (3) Peter, born in 1802, died in i3i2. (4) 
John is the subject of this biography. (5) Jere- 
miah, born in 1807, married a Miss Smith, of Ches- 
ter county for his first wife, and settled on the Hast- 
ings homestead in Colerain township, where his wife 
died, leaving four children: Rachel, who married 
B. Whiteside, of Chester county: Marshall, a resi- 
dent of Colerain township : Esther, who married 
W. H. Hogg, of Colerain townsliip, and is dead : 
William S., of Drumore townshif). iVIr. Hastings 
married for second wife Hannah Mc\ eigh, who 
bore him three children: Rebecca, of Philadelphia: 
Hannah, the wife of Nathaniel Ferguson, of I'liila- 
ddphia; Jerry, of Philadelphia. (6) William 

Hastings, born in December, i8o9,- married Mi<s 
Fannie -Miller, of Lebanon county, and settled in die 
Cumberland valley, where ho died at Xcwville, kav- 
ing one son, William M., who also died, unmarried. 
(7) B. F'rank, born in iSr2, married Anna C. Baker, 
of V'icksburg, a native of England : a few rears af- 
ter his marriage he went t(j California, where he 
was among the first prosjicctors of that region in 
1849; he remained in California, where he died in 
i88t, leaving a wife and two sons : B. 1'".. of Maho; 
and J. Lhler, of San l-Vancisco. ( 8 ) Margaret, born 
in 1815, married John Cojie, of Little Britain, and 
moved with him to Illinois, where thev died, leaving 
a family. (9) Nancy M., born in 1818. married 
Thomas Haines, of Little Britain, settling for a time 
in Lancaster county, anil then moving to Havre 
de Grace, where he died : his widow died at the resi- 
dence of a daughter in Chester, leaving four chil- 
dren : John, of Maryland: Sidney, the wife of 
Tames Keener, of Wilmington, Del. : Joseph and 
Frank, both of Chester, the last being the wife c>f 
W'illiam Roop. 

John Hastings was reared a farmer and educated 
in the public schools of Colerain township. As a 
\'oung man he was associated in a tanning enter- 
prise with John \Miiteside, under the firm name of 
Whiteside lit Hastings. In 1836, however, Mr. 
Hastings ])arteil company with i\lr. Whiteside and 
bought for himself the Dan Lefever farm and family 
property, which he cultivated in connection with his 
tanner}-, becoming a verv successful man. He 
bought several farms ad.joining his own. and gave 
his entire at'.ention to farming during the later years 
of his life. 

Mr. Hastings was marrietl in June, 1S33, to 
Rebecca, the daughter of I'rancis and IMargaret 
("Whiteside) Russel, both of Lancaster county. 
Mrs. Hastings was born in Russellville, Chester 
county, March 31, 1812, but was reared to woman- 
hood in Lancaster eoinity. ' Francis Russel, the fa- 
ther of Airs. Hastings, was born in Chester county, 
Pa., in 1783, and was the son of Alexander Russel. 
born in the same house in 175''', his father, Hugh 
Russel, being born in .Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1726. 
The latter escajied from the battlefield of Culloden 
to make his way to .\merica, and became a resident 
of Chester comity, where he died. Francis Russel 
served in the war of 1812, and in his neighborhood 
was known as Col. Russel. George B., his son, is 
a retired physician of Detroit, where he settled many 
vears ago. 

After his marriage John Hastings settled in East 
Drumore township, where he built the present stone 
house in 1841, and the large barn at the home of his 
daughter, Emma, was built in r84o. Air. Hastings 
died at his home in August, 1S92. Always taking 
an active interest in local affairs, he was an intelli- 
gent citizen, and was connected with the Presby- 
terian Church. From his boyhood to his death he 
was one of its active worker's, and is remembered as 
a strong and nianlv character. His widow died in 



K/X), eighty-nine years of'e. For over sixty years 
she was his constant companion, a devotetl wife, a 
loving mother and a true Ciiristian woman. They 
were the parents of seven children, (i) Mary, born 
in June, 1834, died unmarried in November, tSSy. 
('J) George kussel, liorn in 1836, was educated in 
the .\cademy at Chestnut Level, in Lancaster coun- 
ty, married Jane P. Dickey, of Colerain township, 
in 1864, and now resides on his farm in Colerain 
township. (3) Howaril F., horn in 1830, went, in 
'1858, with his uncle, 1!. Frank Hastings, to Cali- 
fornia, where h% married Miss luiima Cunnincrham ; 
he now holds a position in the Government custom 
Iioiise at Los Angeles. Cal. ; they have two sons, 
lohn R. and Howard F. (4) W^illiam S., born in 
February, 1841, married ^fiss Ella Harrar. of Chris- 
tiana, and now resides at Atglen, Chester county, 
where he is engaged in the lumber and warehouse 
business: his son, John D., married Miss Helen 
Phillips, and resides at Atglen, where he is a part- 
ner with his father ; they have one daughter, Rob- 
erta. (5) Margaret died in childhood. (6) Emma 
K., born in 1846, was educated in the local school 
and in the .State Normal at Millersville ; during the 
sickness of her father, as she was the only one left 
at home, she became manager of his extensive intcr- 
fsts; and after his death she superintended the 
farm, while devoting herself to the care of her aged 
mother. Her management has been very successful. 
In 1S98 she remodeled the large barn built by her 
father, and has made many other changes and im- 
provements. (7) L. Rutter Hastings, born in 1849, 
married Miss Sarah A. Ewing, and they now reside 
on their farm in East Dr.umore township. They 
have six children : Rebecca L., the wife of Harry 
Hamill, of Chester county ; Jessie L ; Louisa L. ; 
Harry E. ; Isabelle R. : and George R. 

George. William and Howard Hastings are all 
members of the ]\Iasonic fraternity. 

John Plastings was a Democrat, and was often 
a delegate to the county conventions of his party. 
He was a school director many years. All the fam- 
ily were identified with the Presbyterian Church, of 
which he was a faithful and devoted member, as was 
his wife. 

GEORGE W. EACY. One of the best-known 
figures in business, political and .social circles in I,an- 
caster, is George W. Eaby, who is engaged in the 
real-estate and insurance business, located at No. 
51 East Grant street. 

The ancestors of Mr. Eaby came <"0 America 
from Switzerland, generations aero, and his grand- 
father, Jacob Eaby, was a well-known farmer in 
Leacock township, where he owned and farmed a 
very large tract of land, which, at his death was 
divided among his ."^ons and daughters, fnrnu'ng a 
number of smaller farms. Daniel ^T. Ealiy, the 
father of George W., owned and farmed a part of the 
original tract. DanieP Af. married Miss Caroline 
Bair, a daughter of the late Joel Pair, a i^rosperous 

farmer of Lcacoek, and by a singular coincidence, 
there were five suns and daughters in each of these 

The iinion of Daniel M. Eaby and Caroline Pair, 
resulted in the birth of seven children: Joel S., who 
is in the real estate and insurance business, in Lan- 
caster ; I-I;u-ry 1!!., who is in the service of the 
Government, in W'oosier, (J. : Daniel E., a grocer of 
Lancaster; Jacob M., ;i merchant at Paradise, in this 
county: Mary, the wife of William Rice, of 
Woostcr, O. ; and Cieorge W., Init one of the family 
having jjassed out of life. 

George W. Eab\- was born on the old homestead, 
in Leacock township, Feb. 5, 1S40, and was educated 
in the public schools of the district and at the "M'd- 
lersvillc Normal .School, leaving the latter institu- 
tion when twenty to become a school teacher. For 
the following eight \-ears he taught in the public 
schools, with the exce])tion of nine months of ser- 
vice as a member of the 122nd Regiment, P. \'. L, 
during the Civil war, when be took part with his 
regiment in all its battles and skirmishes, which 
included Chancellorsville and Fredericksburg, Mr. 
Eaby also served with the "Emergency" men, when 
the Confederates invaded the State. 

Soon after the close of the war, }\Ir. Eaby be- 
came clerk of the Lancaster county prison, serving 
two years, and then became a clerk in the Steinman 
hardware store, where he remained for four years. 
I^ater he engaged in the grocery business for a time, 
disposing of this to enter upon the duties of a posi- 
tion in tlie office of the clerk of the Quarter Ses- 
sions of Lancaster comity, acting three years an 
deputy, under Dr. P.. F. W. Urban, and three years 
as clerk in chief of the office, and the following 
three years as deputy under Cajjt. Abram Settley, 
who had been elected to the office at the expiration 
of Air. Eaby's term. This completed nine years of 
service in one of the most important offices in the 
county, and his record was such, and his fidelity 
to the cause of the Republican jjarty so well known 
and appreciated, that he was strongly urged by his 
frienils f(jr the office of alderman of the 2d ward, 
of Lancaster. In 1891, Air. Eaby entered the re:d 
estate and insurance business and since that time 
has rendered signal service to the various com- 
panies he represents and has enjoyed a large ]Kit- 

Mr. Eaby married Aliss Rachel A. Reese, a 
daughter of the late James M. Reese, of Bethania, 
Salisbury township.' Previous to marriage,- .Mrs 
Eaby was a teacher and she and her husband pos- 
sess what is unusual, in one family, namely, two 
permanent teachers' certificates. Mrs. Ealjy, who 
was one of the brightest of Lancaster county's teach- 
ers, is descended from two very old families: her 
mother was a P.cntley. and her grandfather was a 
Baker, and it was from the j)apers testifying to the 
fame of Aaron Baker, in the Revolutionary war, 
that Mrs. Eab\' became a Daughter of the Revolu- 



tion, in which exckisive and admirable society, she 
has tal<cn nn active interest. She is li\ e generations 
ri.nioved from her Revokitionary ancestors. 

From the union of George \\ . Eaby and his wife 
two children have been born : C. Reese Eaby, Esq., 
a prominent member of the Lancaster bar ; and 
Flora, the wife of Harry Cessna, Esq., a member 
of the Bedford count}- bar, a son of the late Hon 
John Cessna, who was, for so many years, president 
of the board of trustees of Franklin and Alarshall 

I\lr. Eaby is a member of the Blue Lodge of 
^Masons, and is also fraternally connected with the 
Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, and the Elks. 
The religious connection of the family is with Trin- 
ity Lutheran Church, where Mr. Eaby is recognized 
as in other relations, as an earnest, intelligent, gen- 
erous and conscientious citizen. 

HENRY ALBERT SCHROYER, the fiorist at 
No. 151 North Queen street, Lancaster, is a son of 
George W. Schroyer, the veteran llorist, whose 
many hothouses are located on the Harrisburg 

George W. Schroyer was born in Lewisburg, 
Union Co., this State, Sept. 9, 1818, and' is still 
seemingly as active, mentally and physically, as most 
men of fifty years. He came of a family long es- 
tablished in this country, being a descendant of one 
of three brothers of the name who came to America 
in 1670, and settled in Pennsylvania — one in Lan- 
caster county, one in Berks county, and one in a 
western county. Conrad Schroyer, his grandfather, 
was born Dec. 10, 1761, in Lancaster county. 

Col. Christian Schroyer, father of George W., 
was born Aug. 5, 1793. in Cornwall, Lancaster (now 
Lebanon) county, and died in 1855. He was a 
noted and popular hotel-keeper in his day, his hos- 
telry being located near Lewisburg, on the road be- 
tween that place and Northumberland. In those 
days of primitive traveling facilities there was a 
hotel in about every twenty-five miles, where the 
stages put up and accommodations were afforded the 
public, and no host was better known in that section 
than Col. Schroyer. He gained his title by service 
in the militia, having been colonel of the 8th Regi- 
ment. Under Jackson's administration he was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Chillisquaque. In audition to 
carrying on his hotel business he engaged in general 
farming. He first married Susan Spangler, by 
whom he had eight children, Elizalieth, Anna, 
Rachel, Sarah, Susan, William, George W., and one 
that died in infancy. The mother of these died in 
1835, and the Colonel subsequently married a Mrs. 
Myer. Two children were born to that union, Mich- 
ael and Lewis. William, ^Michael and Lewis served 
if. the Civil war. 

George W. Schroyer was given his primary train- 
ing in the "corner"' district school near his early 
home, when a little older attended an evening writ- 
ing school, and rounded out his somcwiiat limited 

literary training with a short term at a grammar 
school. A\. th-c ago of eighteen he left home, walk- 
ing to Harrisburg, where he obtained a position 
which presented an opportunity for him to learii 
the printer's trade, in the oflice of a paper called 
The Keystone. He continued there until he had 
risen to the dignity of foreman. ]\lr. Solirover was 
marriei.1, in 1^45, to Anna E., daughter of J. E. 
Thompson, of flarrisburg, and in tlie fall of that 
vear he bough.t the Columbia Spy, in Columbia, 
Lancaster county, which he sold, however, in about 
two years, returning to Harrisburg.' There he re- 
mained until 1854, in which year lie took charge of 
the InJand Daily, at Lancaster. In 1S56 he took 
charge of the composing room of the Dally Express, 
a position he held until 1S93, in which year his fail- 
ing health drove him out of the printing business into 
the open air. He bought the place he now occupies 
that year, from Dr. H. E. jMuhlenberg, and there 
he still lives, much beloved and respected by all who 
know him. Mr. Schroyer has not only the honor of 
having conducted the first daily paper of Lancaster, 
in 1854, but he is also the pioneer florist of that 
olace. His home place consists of seven acres, one 
and a half acres under glass. He commenced wiUi 
vegetables and small fruits, bttt soon changed to 
his present line. In politics JNIr. Schroyer was origin- 
ally a Democrat (like his father), supporting that 
party until 1856, when, as he says, "all good Demo- 
crats turned Republicans." He and his wife hold 
membership in the Lutheran Church. 

Henry Albert Schroyer was born in ITarrisburg 
Jan. 29, 1850, and spent his boyhood days in Lan- 
caster, where, after attending St.. James' Parish 
school, he became a student in the high school. At 
the age of seventeen years he began his work as 
a florist with his father, and in 180S opened a store 
on North Queen street, a few doors from his present 
location. When a year had elapsed he moved into 
his present quarters, where his business has steadily 
grown, and "he now enjoys one of the most flat- 
tering patronages in the city. 

lienry A. Schroyer inherits his grandfather's 
interest in politics and is a stanch Republican. In 
1S78 he was elected to the common council from 
the Ninth ward, which was strongly Democratic, 
by a n.ajority of three votes, a narrow margin, but 
enough. For the Young Republican Club he served 
at chief marshal in every campaign from the organi- 
zation of that body to 1900, when he declined far- 
ther work in that line. He has twice been a dele- 
gate to- the Republican State Convention. .Since 
1S88 he has been a member of the board of school 
directors, and was re-elected for anotlicr term of 
tliree years in February, 1900. In November, 1900, 
he was elected treasurer of the Lancaster city school 
board, and was honored with re-election in 1901 
and 1902. For eight years out of the nine in which 
he was a member of the committee on night schools, 
he served as its chairman. His work on this com- 
niittee did much to make these night schools efficient 



and useful. His best achievement in scliool work , 
was the building of the splendid eight-room struc- | 
ture on North J\Iar\- street and Harrisburg avenue, | 
a result which required many yeais to effect; it is 
pronounced one of the finest eight-room school 
buildings in the State. 

Mr. Schroyer is a member and past grand of 
Herschcl Lodge, L O. O. F., the Elks in Lancaster, 
the Hamilton Club, the Young Kepublicans, and 
the Lancaster J^Iaennerchor ; and is also very active 
in the ]\Iasonic fraternity, in which he has risen to 
the thirty-second degree, holding membership in 
Lamberton Lodge, No. 479, of which he \\'as elected 
worshipful master for the year 1903 ; Chapter No. 
43 ; Goodwin Council ; Lancaster Commandery, No. 
13, K. T. ; Lancaster Lodge of Perfection, four- 
teenth degree, Harrisburg, of which he is a past 
officer; Council of the Princes of Jerusalem, six- 
teenth degree, Plarrisburg ; Rose Croix Chapter, 
eighteenth degree ; and Harrisburg Consistory, 
thirty-second degree. In fraternity work, as in poli- 
tics, he is earnest and enthusiastic, anything he un- 
dertakes being done with all his heart and soul. 

Henry Albert Schroyer was married, Oct. 27, 
1875, to Miss Anna V., a daughter of the late Sam- 
uel M. Myers, well known in planing-mil! interests 
in Chambersburg. Both are members of St. John's 
Lutheran Church, in wliich they take a deep and 
substantial interest. 

SAMUEL AMMON (deceased) was for many 
years a leading citizen of Salisbury township. He 
was born Oct. 6, 1818, in Caernarvon township, 
Lancaster county, and his death took place at Gap, 
Pa., Oct. 23, 1901. His parents \vere Henry and 
Mary (Signer) Ammon. 

Henry Ammon, the father of Sanmel, was a 
farmer in Lancaster county all his life. He died in 
1836, at the age of forty-five years, his widow sur- 
viving until 1S60, dying at the age of sixty-two. 
They were buried at Alorgantown and Fequea, re- 
spectively. Both parents were members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. The children born to this union 
were: Samuel; John, deceased, who mar-icd ]\Laria 
Speece; Sarah, who died young; Mary, deceased 
wife of David Ranck; William and Henry, twins, 
the former a retired farmer in Chester county, the 
latter operating a bakery in Gap and married to 
Jane Patten, born in Salisbury township, Sept. 19, 
1835 ; George and Davis, twins, the former of whom 
is a carpenter in Salisbury township and the latter 
died young. 

On J^larch 31, 1875, Samuel Ammon v/as united 
in marriage to Miss FJizabelh Arnold, born in East 
Earl township, daughter of Abraham and Lydiu 
(Reel) Arnold, the former of whom was a black- 
smith in East Earl township. He died in 1844, his 
widow surviving until 1877, when she died at the 
age of seventy-four years ; botlT jiarenis of Mrs. 
Ammon were buried in Cedar Grove Church cem- 
etery,, in East Earl township. The children born to 

Air. and Airs. Arnold were: Sarah, the widow of 
George Ranck, of East Earl township ; Isaac, of East 
Larl township; Mary, also of East Earl: Gabriel, 
who died young; and Elizabcdi. who is the widow 
of Sanmel Ammon. 

For many years Air. Amnion was employed by 
the great Pennsylvania Railroad as one of its con- 
tractors. Fie then resided in Lancaster, but in 1877 
removed to Gap and for ten years operated the "Gap 
Flotcl," which during his administration was one 
of the most comfortalile hosielries in the place. In 
politics he was a staunch Republican. In Ins liberal 
way he contributed to the support of both Presbyter- 
ian and Methodist Churches, being a man of moral 
life, although not connected by membership with 
either religious body. Airs. Ammon approved of 
his methods and is valued in both churches also. She 
is a very highly esteemed lady in this community 
and has a wide circle of v/arm friends. 

J. COAILY AlAULE (deceased) was born in 
Chester county. Pa., but spent his active life in Cole- 
rain township, Lancaster county. He was the third 
son in a family of seven children born to Ebenezer 
and Sarah (Lee) Alaulc, four of whom are now liv- 
ing in Chester county ; Nathan, near Lenover ; Ben- 
jamin, near Doe Run; and Ebenezer and Abigail, 
who are on the old homestead. Alary J., who mar- 
ried E. Phips, is now deceased ; Zillah died in 
}.oung womanhood. 

J. Comlv Alaulc was reared in Chester county, 
where he attended the district school and boarding 
school for boys. In December, 1857, he was mar- 
ried to Aliss S. Emma Clark, a daughter of George 
and Anna (Taylor) Clark. Air. Clark lived for a 
number of years on his farm in Doe Run, Chester 
county, and then moved into Westchester, where he 
lived retired until his death in i860. His first wife 
died a few years after their marriage, while Airs. 
Alaule was still a child, leaving one son and one 
daughter. The son, William, went to Denver, Colo., 
when a young mrm, and won for himself a good 
stanfling in the l.nisiness circles of that city, where 
he died in IQOO, leaving a widow and two children, 
Floward Tavlor and Alyrtle. both of Denver. George 
Clark married for his second wife, Hannah Bailey, 
who bore him two children : Edward, who is in Lcad- 
ville, Colo. : and Alary, who married William Glenn, 
of Chester county, and is now dead. Airs. Maule 
was born in September, 1835, at the old Clark home- 
stead in Chester county, and received her education 
in the Kcnnett Square schools. 

Throughout his active life. Air. Alaule was en- 
gaged in farming, dairying and stock-raising. After 
marriage, he and his wife settled near Avondale, 
Chester county, where he was engaged in farming 
for four years. For two years they lived in Little 
Britain, and then in 1864 he bought the property 
where his family are now living. He added to it 
sr^ne verv substantial improvements, and it was 
at the time of his death one of the most desirable 



places in that roj;ii>n. The Society of i'"riends found 
a warm jilace in his heart, as it was his ancestral 
faith, and he riijidly adhereil to its teachings in all 
his associations with the world, taking- always a deep 
interest in the advancement of the community in gen- 
eral anil those of his own faith in particular, h^ir 
many years his ])acific principles and sense of justice 
made him an arbitrator for the combative in hi? 

To Mr. .Maule and his wife were born the fol- 
lowing children: (i) George C, born in 1858, was 
reared at the home, and educated in the Union Acad- 
emy, of Lancaster county. He married Clara Brin- 
ton, and resides on a farm in Chester county, where 
he is known as a prosi)erous anil successful farmer. 
Tliey have four children, W'illard Norman. Mary 
Anna, Walter W. and Charles E. (2) Anna H., born 
in 1859, married Allison Baker, of Smyrna, where 
iMr. Baker is engaged in farming. Mrs. Baker was a 
student in the State Normal at Millersvillc. (3) 
Walter born in 1861. married Miss Lizzie R. Lam- 
born, of Lancaster county, and for some years was 
engaged in the milling business at Puseyville. Later 
in life, he purchased a mill in Colerain township, 
which he carried on until his death in 1S92, leaving 
a widow and no family. (4) Emma Z., born in Lan- 
caster county, in 1864 (the first three members of 
tliis family having been born in Chester coimty) 
married John Cliamberlain. They reside near the 
Chester county line. (5) Charles E.. born in iSf/i, 
married Miss Hannah Jackson, of Christiana, and 
has his home in Sadshury township, where they have 
four children, James \V., Coml\-. William L. and 
Alice. (6) Norman Comly, born in 187,^. was edu- 
cated at Octoraro Academy and in the Westchester 
State Normal. .Since the death of his father, he 
has taken the management of his mother's affairs 
upon himself and stands \'ery high in the estimation 
of the people of the neighborhood. (7) \N'illiam M., 
born in 1876, was a student at the Westchester Nor- 
mal where he prepared for college, and then en- 
tered Swarlhmore College. The following year he 
took a special course in biology in the Pennsylvania 
University. He is a graduate of Cornell Univer- 
sity class of 1902, and has made a reputation for him- 
self as a scholar and a thinker wherever he has at- 
tended, being at the front in all the branches at the 
college. After graduating from Cornell he was ap- 
pointed by the V. S. Government to study the forests 
of the North West, and later was appointed Forestrv 
Inspector of the Philipjjine Islands, a position which 
he is eminently fitted to fill. 

Mr. Maule for a long time was closely identified 
with the Republican party, but in his later life was a 
strong Prohibitionist. For many years iie held the 
position of school director. 

Mrs. Maule and her family belong to the Society 
of Friends. Her chiMren are a source of comfort 
to her, as they were to her departed husband in his 
declining years. He passed away May 28. 1901, at 
the age of almost scvenlv vears. 

ADAM REESE STAMV. principal of the 
Lemon street school, Lancaster, is related In um^ 
of Pennsylvania's oldest and best known families. 
both remarlcable for their longevity. 

Henry Staniy, grandfather of Adam -R., was a 
farmer in I'ranklin count}-, Pa., ami having rc- 
u'.oved to Leesburg, Cumberlaml county, died there 
at the age of eighty-six years. His son. John !-"., 
in early life was a teacher in Franklin county, but 
moving to Ciiniberland county. Pa., he became a 
minister in the I'aptist Church, a-nd is now elder 
of that district. He married En-iily Reese, daugh- 
ter of Adani Reese, one of the early farnier settlers 
of Ciu-|-iberland couiity, and who passed from earth 
at the ])atriarchal age of ninety-four years. To Rov. 
[ohn F. and Emily (Reese) Stan-iy were born eight 
children, of w-hom we have record of seven : Cath- 
erine, at one time a teacher, now wife of Frank Mc- 
Clccry, a farnier of Altenwald, Franklin county: 
Adam R., of whom full mention will be made farther 
on : Harry C. a farmer near Chambersburg, Frank- 
lin county: Miss Alice C living at the old Grand- 
father Reese hon-ie at Leesbtirg, Cumberland coun- 
ty: John F., Jr., who died March 5. 1900: D. K.. 
])rincipal of a public school in New York City; and 
r'mn-ia, a teacher at Ridley Park, Delaware Co., I'a. 
Of these, D. K.. after graduating in the scientific 
course at the State Normal School at Millersville, 
and froni Neff's School of OrrUory, Philadelphia, 
became a lecturer at teachers' institutes, lecturing 
before he was twenty-two years old ; he is now only 
thirty-three. Emily (Reese) Stan-iy, mother of the 
above nan-ied children, died ]\[ay 5, T901. 

Adan-| Reese Stamy was born Aug. 24, 185^. at 
Leesburg. Cumberland county, ai-id after receiving 
a partial education in the public schools of his dis- 
trict attended the State Normal School at Millers- 
ville for a time, and then took a course at the Cum- 
berland Valley State Normal, finishing his course in 
the graduating class of 1874, although leaving the 
institute before graduation to accept a very desira- 
ble position in the Mt. Holly Spring schools. There 
he remained until 1878, coming thence to Lancaster, 
and after teaching the Rohrcrstown gradeH schonl 
for three years he was elected princi()al of the Lem- 
on street school, a position he has ever since held 
with honor to himself and \noi'\i to his pupils. Hun- 
dreds of boys have been prepared by him for the 
high school of Lancaster, and the building, which 
was originally two-storied, with eight rooms, when 
he took charge of it. has now three stories, with 
twelve rooms. 

In 187S Mr. Stan-iy was n-iarried to Miss Flor- 
ence C. Munson. daughter of Ralph Munson. a 
farmer of Litchfield county. Conn., anil granil- 
daugh'.er of Ca|it. Norman Miuison, whose ances- 
tors came over in the ".Mayfiower." To this imion 
were born children as follow-s: Maude M., a grad- 
uate of the Girls' High School. Lancaster, now Mrs. 
Walter Edward Fraim : J. Ralph, a graduate of the 
Boys' High .School. Lancaster, also o{ the Pennsyl- 



r.iiiia Business Collo^c, and now occnp\ ins;' a i>osi- 
tiiin in the Lancaster County National L'ianl< : and 
Mary, attendinj;' school. 

Jn relii;ious faith Mr. Slaniy is a M'Tavian, for 
three years servinc;' as trustee of the .Mor:ivian 
(."iuirch at Lancaster, and as superintendent of the 
Sunday school four _\-ears. For fourteen years he 
was secretary of the Lancaster County Teachers' 
Institute, and .when the City Teachers' Institute was 
organized, several years a^o, he was elected secre- 
tary of that body, a position he yet holds. As a 
member of the County Institute he served on the 
coinmittee on Permanent Certificates. In addition 
to his princiijalshi]) of the Lemon street school he 
has been a teacher in the Boys' Chestnut Street 
Night school for sixteen }-ears, during soir.e twelve 
years of which he was principal. He wa.s one of the 
organizers of the now famous Pennsylvania Chau- 
tauqua, and was a member of its board of managers, 
;md for three years was statistical secretary of same. 
In politico yir. Stam\- is an ardent Republican, and 
wlrile teaching in Rohrersiown was j^resident of the 
Republican Club there, which saine club took an 
active part in the Garfteld campaign. 

^%., ELIAS BEAR, who is now living retired, is 
one of the leading citizens of Manheim township, 
and his pleasant and hospitable home at Oregon is 
one of the most inviting and hospitable residences 
in that country of open doors and generous welcome. 
Mr. Bear was born in Warwick township, Jan. 
3, 1839, a son of Samuel and Fredricka (Shcidley) 
Bear, and a grandson of Samuel Bear, who was born 
in England, Feb. 5, 1762, and and died Oct. 2^, 
1823. The grandfather located at what is now 
Oregon, and became one of the leading citizens of 
that part of the county. The village of Oregon was 
founded by him, where he erected the hotel which 
l.nter passed into the management of his son, John. 
The original Samuel Bear was three times married, 
and by his first yvife he had one son, Jacob, wdio be- 
came a gun smith. By his second marriage he was 
the father of three children : Peter, a gunsmith ; 
John a hotel keeper at Oregon; Elizabeth, who 
never married, and who lived at Frederick City, Md. 
By his third marriage he became the father of five 
children : Samuel, the father of Elias Bear ; Isaac, 
a gunsmith, who died at Reading, Pa. ; Anthony, a 
shoe maker, who spent his later years in Maryland 
and in A'irginia, where he died ; Rial, who married 
Samuel Buchen, of West Earl townshij; ; Barbara, 
wife of \\'illiam Kahr. 

Samuel Bear, the father of Elias, was born Jan. 
15. 1804, at Oregon, and died April 4, 1875. When 
young he learned the trade of a gunsmith, at which 
lie worked until he was some fifty \ears of age, when 
he turned to farming, and passed his last vears in 
Manheim and Warwick. His religious associations 
were with the Lutheran Church. His wife vvas born 
in Germany, Jan. 19, 1810, and came to this country 
when a chikl. Her death occurred Jan. i. 18S5. To 

-Mr. and Mrs. Sanniel Hear came .\dam, born Nov. 
17, i8_'8, deceased; Sarah, born Sept. !. 1S3J. the 
wife of John Crube, of I'.loomtield. Pa.. ]-"rank. who 
lives at Canal I'ulton, ( Miio, a car])enter 1)\- trade: 
b'rederiek'. born 'let. _'J, it^.^.^;, a ear])enter in ( )re- 
gon ; Samuel, born (let. Jo, 1S37. living in Stark 
county, (Jhio: l-'.lias, bi.n-n Jan. 3, 1831); Salinda, born 
in 184:, the widow of Martin Kellingberger, ami 
living at the corner of James and Lewis streets, Lan- 
caster ; Plcnrictta, born Dec. 10, 1844, late wife of 
Edward Cannon, of Canal Fulton, Ohio; Eliza, born 
Oct. 7, 184O, who died in childhood ; I-'annie, born 
Feb. II, 1848, unmarried and living in Manheim 
township ; Isaac, born Aug. 9. 1850. residing in Lan- 
caster, where he is a cari^enter ; Catherine Amelia, 
born Jan. 7, 1852, the widow of Jeremiah S. Reed, 
who makes her home with her brother, Elias. Mr. 
Reed died June id, 1890, in the fortieth year of his 
age ; he was a carpenter by trade, but in his later 
years was a bridge inspector for the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company. JMrs. Reed has the following 
children: Phoebe Ann, of Lancaster; Samuel N.. 
a cigar maker in Oregon, who married Miss Bertha 
Buchen, and is the father of one child, Olive ; Oliver, 
who resides in Lancaster City : Clayton, a farmer in 
I^Janheim township; Amelia, of Lancaster. 

Elias Bear was reared on the farm and educated 
in the common schools. When a lad fifteen years 
of age, he l)cgan caring for hhnself, working on a 
farm for wages. When the Civil war broke out, he 
was twent\'-one, and in August, 1862, he enlisted in 
Co. C, I22tl P. V. I., being mustered out in 1863. 
after the expiration of his term of nine months' en- 
listment : he was at the front all the time, participat- 
ing in the battles of I-"airfax Court House. Fred- 
ericksburg and Chancellorsville. escaping without a 
scratch, though he was a gallant tighter and never 
shunned danger. After his return from the war, he 
rented a farm of seventy acres in Manheim townshij). 
For twcntv-three years he rented this i)lace of one 
man, Mr. Rudy, and when that gentleman died, he 
purchased it. Until 1897 he was continuously en- 
gaged in its cultivation. That year he retired to 
C)rcgon to a pleasant home he had already bought, 
and where he is now taking a well earned rest. 
Mr. Bear was married Dec. 26, 1869, to Lucy, a 
i daughter of Isaac Sowers, born in West Earl town- 
I ship, at GrofTdalc, June 28. 1S42, and died Dec. 9, 
1899. She was a member of the Lutheran Church, 
I as is also her husband. 

I Mr. Bear has taken his place among the leading 
men of the township, and his long and nseliU life 
1 shows the cjuality of genuine manhood. 

vvas born Aug. 26, 1S39, a son of Christian and Eliz- 
abeth (Hoffman) Kauft'man. of West Hemiifleld 
township, where he \vas reared and etlucated in the 
common schools. When he was twenty-seven he 
began operations for himself, locating about a inile 
east of i.andisville, on the farm where his life was 



spent, and wliere his widow still lives. This at first 
was a farm of 104 acres ; it now contains only eighty 
acres, but is regarded as one of the pleasantest places 
in that part of the county. 

Mr. and ]\Irs. Kauffman made many valuable im- 
provements on this farm, putting up a fine residence 
and other farm buildings, and the farm received the 
close attention of Mr. Kauffman. He v.-as a man 
who was very domestic in his habits, and preferred 
the comforts of home to all the pleasures of the out- 
side world. In his religious associations he was 
a member of the River Brethren in Christ. 

Mr. Kauffman was married Oct. 23, 1866, to 
Barbara, a daughter of John and Maria (Kauffman) 
Kendig, who was born in East Hempfield township, 
near the "Black Horse Hotel," July 20, 1846. His 
death occurred Jan. 2, 1893, and during the period 
of their married life they were more than usually 
faithful and devoted to each other. To this union 
came the following children : Morris, now living 
on the homestead, married to Aliss Emma Baker, 
and the father of the following, D. Baker, ]May B., 
C. Raymond and J. Harold ; Alary K., the wife of 
Amos IL Herr, of Neffsville, and the mother of C. 
Kauffman, Paul and Grace ; Lizzie, the wife of Enos 
Heissey, making their home with Mrs. Kauffman; 
Emma, who died at the age of eight years. 

Mrs. Kauffman and her daughters are members 
of the River Brethren in Christ, and are very highly 
esteemed in the community in which they live. 

prominent retired citizens of Lancaster, was born 
Jan. 26, 1829, in an old log cabin which still stands, 
on Fourtli street, near Penn street, in Reading, Pa. 

John A. Sprenger, his father, was born in the 
Rheinpfalz, Bavaria, Germany, July 5, 1770. and 
emigrated to America in May, 182 1, locating in Read- 
ing, Pa., where he carried on a butchering" business 
until jNlarch, 1829. when he embarked in tlie brewing 
business, in Maytown, this county. Two years later 
he removed to Elizabethtown, where lie remained 
until 1B36, going then to Lancaster, in which city 
he rented a brewery from his brother-in-law, John 
Borell, and continued in the brewing business until 
obliged by the infirmities of old age to cease work. 
His very capable wife managed the business from 
1843 to 1867. Mr. Sprenger died Aug. 28, 1854. 
He married Elizabeth Lauer, who was born in Gleis- 
weilcr, Rheinpfalz, Alarch 22, iSoo, and died in Oct. 
1875. Both were buried in the Lancaster cemetery, 
and both were members of the Reformed Church. 
The children born to them were as follows : Susan 
(deceased) married Henry Weber; Elizabeth mar- 
ried Jacob Yeisley, of Baltimore ; Jacolj, who re- 
sided in Atlanta, Ga., was born in Reading in 1825, 
and died Dec. 2, 1902 ; Christiana married Edward 
Wiley, of Lancaster ; John A. is mentioned below ; 
Catherine married (first) Charles Whidmayer, and 
is now the widow of Lawrence Knapp ; Barbara 
married Ernst Krause, a retired brewer of Car- 

lisle; j\lartha is the widow of Charles Connell, oi 
Philadelphia; Anna married F. R. Dieffenderfer, 
of Lancaster ; Louise died unmarried, at the age of 
sixty-t^vo }-ears ; George F. Sprenger, born Jan. 6, 
1S42. died April 17, 1888 (he married Emma Ziglor, 
of Carlisle) ; Amelia married William Roehm, of 

From the age of ten years until his retirement 
John Abraham Sprenger was associated with the 
brewing business. Fiftv consecutive years is a long 
period to devote to one business, but for a half 
century Air. Sprenger gave his time, attention and 
energy to his large brewing interests. To improve 
the quality of his products, to decrease the cost of 
their production, to extend the territory of their 
distribution, required a man of great physical 
strength and mental activity. 

Altliough he assisted his father in the business 
in his youth, it was in 1852 that he entered upon 
the business with his brother, Hon. Jacob J. 
Sprenger, this partnership lasting for eighteen 
months. John A. then started out on his individual 
career. He began by leasing a brewery, and two 
and one-half years later built a similar establish- 
ment for himself, on East King street (on the site 
of the present Excelsior Plall building), which he 
carried on from 1S57 to 1873. Then he leased a 
brewery from Philip Frank, of Mt. Joy, making 
an agreement to purchase the same if desirable. 
This he did in 1S83, and expended in refitting and 
building the sum of $100,000. This brewery plant 
was operated by Mr. Sprenger with increasing pros- 
perity until November, 1896. when he retired from 
active work, selling out to a stock company, which 
now carries on th.e ])usiness under the name of the 
Sprenger Brewing Company. 

Although Mr. Sprenger was immersed in the 
cares of private business, when the call of his coun- 
try for defenders was heard, in April, 1861, he was 
one of the first to A'olunteer in the Lancaster Fenci- 
bles, the first regiment of State defenders, mustered 
in at Camp Curtin. Although he entered the serv- 
ice as a private, he was commissioned sergeant on 
the field, and served as such in Company 1". under 
Capt. Emlin I'ranklin, until he was discharged at 
Harrisburg. He was with the regiment at Win- 
chester, Va. While Mr. Sprenger was away from 
home the business was carried on by Tobias Miller. 
At the age of fifty-two Mr. Sprenger found himself, 
through endeavoring to assist a friend, $17,000 
worse off than nothing, but instead of sitting down 
to bemoan his loss he put his shoulder to the wheel, 
and now has a comfortable competence for his old 
age. In 1867, with his wife and mother, he visited 
the family home in the old country, and also made 
a tour through France and Switzerland, in all 
spending three m.onths abroad. 

On Oct. 28, 1852, Mr. Sprenger was married 
(first) to Miss Adeline Erisman, born in Lancaster 
county, daughter of John and Maria Erisman, of 
Lancaster, where the former was a carpenter. She 





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t, ^^ Cty'Z^^ 



(lied without children, June 5, 1892, and was in- 
terred in the ceniclery at Lancaster. 2\lr. Sprenger 
was married (second), Feb. 12, 1S96, to j\Irs. Cath- 
erine (Ritner) Lamborn (widow of Israel Lam- 
born, of Chester county), who was born in Cmnber- 
land county, a grandniece of ex-Governor Ritner, 
of Pennsylvania, who is remembered as the intro- 
ducer of the free-school system in the State. No 
children have been born to i\Ir. and Jilrs. Sprenger. 
They occupy one of the handsomest and best 
equipped residences in the city. 

In political sentiment Mr. Sprenger is a stanch 
Republican. Since 1843 he has been a member of 
the Reformed Church. Fraternally he is connected 
with a number of organizations, notably the Ma- 
sonic, in which he is a Knight Templar ; the Order 
of Red Men ; the G. A. R. ; and the I. O. O. F. His 
business interests in this part of the State have 
been very important, and as an honorable and up- 
right man he won the approval and confidence of 
the public in commercial operations, while in pri- 
vate life he holds the esteem of a large circle of 
warm friends. 

HIR^\M L. ERB (deceased), for many years a 
leading merchant of Clay town.ship, Lancaster coun- 
ty, and one of the ]niblic-spirited and jjrogressive citi- 
zens of the town, was a member of a family long 
prominent in the annals of Lancaster county. 

Jacob Erb, the great-great-grandfather of Hi- 
ram L., was brought from Switzerland to America 
by his parents in 1728. He was but four years of 
age at that time, so that practically his entire life 
was passed in the New World. They located near 
Hammer Creek, in Warwick township. About T782 
Jacob removed to Clay township, where he purchased 
several hundred acres of land, with mill privileges, 
and he made his home there for the remainder of 
his life. Besides a mill at Clay village, he operated 
another farther up Middle Creek, and he also cleared 
and improved large portions of his extensive estate. 
Until the outbreak of the war of the Revolution he 
was a believer in the Mennonite faith, but the princi- 
ple of non-resistance taught by that society was in too 
great opposition to his patriotic spirit, and he with- 
drew his membership to support the provisionary 
government. He became a man of prominence in 
public affairs, and represented his district in the 
State Legislature. He died in 1810, when he was 
past eighty years of age. His wife was a Miss 
Johns, and their family consisted of two sons and 
several daughters. Of the sons, John is mentioned 
below ; and Christian lived on the old homestead 
in Warwick, where some of his descendants are still 
to be found. 

John Erb, son of Jacob, was for three years in 
the service of his country during the Pvevolution, 
acting as teamster. He was but sixteen at the time 
he entered the service, and after the close of the war 
he resided at Clay, where he operated both the mills 
belonging to his father, and also looked after the 

cultivation of the home farm. He was prominent 
in all public affairs, was the founder of the school 
at Cla)', and took an active interest ii: religious af- 
fairs. John Erb married Judith Hull, and their chil- 
dren were: Jacob; John; David; Isaac; Samuel: 
Joseph ; Molly, who married Abraham Erb and 
moved to Canada ; Elizabetli, who married Michael 
Shepler ; Nancy, who married Abraham Bear; and 
Catharine, who married Joseph Weidman. 

John Erb, son of John, was born Nov. 3. 1786, 
and passed his life in Clay, engaged in farming and 
milling, and in keeping a public house. He belonged 
to the Old Line Whig party, and at one time served 
as county commissioner. He married Barbara Ber- 
gelbach, and his children were: Hiram; John B. ; 
Henry B. ; and Priscilla Cecilia, who married George 
W. Steinmetz. John Erb died in 1S62, in the sev- 
enty-sixth year of his age. 

Hiram Erb, son of John and father of Hiram L.. 
was born at the upper inill in Clay township April 
II, 1810. The common schools afforded him his 
educational advantages, and at the age of nineteen 
he succeeded to the milling business established by 
his great-grandfathor, for forty years successfully 
following that line. Some 150 acres of the old 
home tract belonged to him, and he met with abun- 
dant success in farming it. In 1S69, in partnership 
with his son, Hiram L., he established a general 
store at Richland, Lebanon county, but in 1875 the 
business was removed to Clay, where prosperity 
awaited the enterprising proprietors. President 
Taylor appointed Mr. Erb postmaster, and he effi- 
ciently discharged the duties of that office for four 
years. Pie was originally a Republican, and an inti- 
mate ac(|uaintance of Plon. Thadileus Stevens, one of 
the party'.s founders, but in 1S72 his admiration for 
Horace Greeley carried him into the Democrati.c 
ranks, after which he voted independent of party 
affiliations. Mr. Erb served as school director for 
three years, and always supported educational and 
religious movements. On May 16, 1839, he mar- 
ried Catharine Lane, widow of John S. Bear. One 
child, Pliram L., blessed this union. Catharine Lane 
Erb died in 1886, at the age of seventy-six years. 
Hiram Erb died in 1892, aged eighty-two years. 

Hiram L. Erb was born Nov. 24, 1840, and he 
entered into rest Jan. 27, 1900. Like his father he- 
fore him, he was trained to farming and milling, but 
on account of ill health entered the mercantile world, 
in partnership with his father, in 1869, under the 
firm name of Pliiam Erb & Son. Plis political faith 
was like that of his father, and he served the Demo- 
cratic party as a member of the county committee. 
He also served on the school board. In his re- 
ligious connection he was a member of the Laiited 
Brethren Church. Kind hearted and liberal, his 
charity was often the means of helping a weary fel- 
low traveler to rest and comfort. He was a man of 
many friends, and his genial social nature made 
his home a favorite meeting place. 

On Nov. 24, 1863, Hiram L. Erb was married to 



Celinda Becker, a daughter of William and Lucy 
(Spayd) Becker, of Hvlill Creek township. Three 
children blessed this union, two of whom reached 
niaturity : Laura, widow of Rev. C. J. F. Miller, 
a prominent minister of the United Brethren Church,, 
who was born in iS6o, and who died Nov. 7, 1S99, 
leaving: eight children, Edgar L., Clio D., Lois E., 
Victor H., Earl Raymond, Guy Ralph, Erickson 
Colon and Vivian E. ; Linnie, widow of Rev. A. L. 
Shannon, a well known minister of the United Breth- 
ren Church, who was born in 1864, died Dec. 
13, 1900, leaving six children, Helen E., Florence 
L., Carl E., Paul E., Mary A. and Minerva E. 

The Becker and Spayd families, from which Mrs. 
Hiram L. Erb is descended, were among the early 
settlers of Lebanon county. John Becker came 
from Germany to Lebanon county, Pa., about 1735 
or 1740, and his son, George, was one of the pioneers 
of Kleinfeltersvillc, Lebanon county. William 
Becker, son of George and father of Mrs. Hiram L. 
Erb, was born in i8r6, became one of the leading 
farmers of his township and died Oct. 29, 1879. 
Willirun Becker married Lucy Spayd, and of the 
three children born of their union Mrs. Erb alone 
lived to mature years. 

r^Irs. Hiram L. Erb is now making her home in 
Richland, Lebanon county. She is a kind and Chris- 
tian woman, whose gentle spirit has endeared her 
to all who come within the circle of her acquaintance. 

JOHN H. KAYLOR, a retired farmer, and an 
old and much respected resident of Mt. Joy town- 
ship,was born in \\^cst Donegal township Jan. 19, 
1836, a son of Joseph and Mary Annie (Hofifer) 
Kaylor, both native to Lancaster county. 

The father was a carpenter, and in his later days 
a farmer, though he lived retired for some years. 
He was born April 9, 1803, and died in 1S78. The 
mother, who was born March 10, 1807, died in 1863. 
They were married in 1S23, and were devoted mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church. The following chil- 
dren were born to them : Tobias, born in East 
Donegal township Alarch 28, 1826, a retired farmer 
in Elizabethtown ; Jacob, born Nov. 6, 1827, a re- 
tired farmer in Mt. Joy township ; Henry B., born 
Feb. 26, 1829, deceased; Mary Ann, born Sept. 4, 
1830, the widow of George Hess, and living in Ill- 
inois; Isaac, born Feb. 11, 1832, a farmer in Dauphin 
county; Joseph, born Sept. 21. 1833, a retired farmer 
in Illinois; John H., born Jan. 19, 1S36; Elizabeth, 
born Feb. 26, 1839, ^^''^^^ o^ Samuel Caley, now a re- 
tired soldier in Dauphin county ; Benjamin, born Jan. 
10, 1838, a carpenter in West Donegal township; 
Anna, born Nov. 2, 1840, married to Isaac Winters, 
a farmer in Dauphin county; Sarah, born Aug. 18, 
1842, the wife of Aaron Manning, and living in Ill- 
inois ; Samuel, born April 3, 1843, who died young; 
Magdalena, born June 25, 1S45, deceased; Cath- 
erine, born Sept. i, 1846, married to George Ruther- 
ford, the proprietor of a bakey in Bainbri'dge ; Lo- 
vina, born July 5, 184S, wife of Simon .Steffy. of 

East Donegal township ; Abraham, born Oct. 18, 
1850, a farmer of Dauphin county. The paternal '> Kaylor kept a tavern in West Donegal ^• 

township ; Joseph HofTer, the maternal grandfather * 

of Mr. Kaylor, was a farmer in Dauphin county, 
where he died. 

John H. Kaylor and Mary Wolgemuth were mar- 
ried in u\It. Joy townshii) Sept. 12, 1861, and their 
tirst four children died young. Their names were 
Anna, Lizzie, Christian and Amanda. The next 
child, Katie, married Martin Heistand, an engineer 
at Mt. Joy. John and .Mamie arc unmarried and at 

Mrs. Mary Ivaylor was born in Mt. Joy township 
Oct. 6, 1843, '"^'i '5 ''• daughter of Christian and 
Anna (Metzler) Wolgemuth, of Lancaster county, 
both of whom died in Mt. Joy township ; he in 1888, 
at the age of eighty-nine years, lacking one day, and , 

she in November, 1S96, at the age of ninety years. 
Their remains were laid to rest in what is known as 
the Cross Roads cemetery, in East Donegal township. 
They were the ])arents of the following children: 
Eliza))eth, the widow of John Hoffman, of Eliza- 
bethtown ; ,]ane, the widow of Henry Nissley, of 
Rapho township ; John, a retired fanner in Mt. Joy . 

township; David, a retired farmer in Mt. Joy town- ) 

.ship ; Christian, who is dead ; Anna, deceased ; Abra- ' 

ham, deceased ; Mary. Christian Wolgemuth, the 
paternal grandfather of Mrs. Kaylor, was a farmer 
in Lancaster county. 

John H. Kaylor spent the first twenty-one years 
of his life at home with his parer.ts, and then car- 
ried on a farm on shares in Mt. Joy township, an 
arrangement which continued until the spring of 
1899. That spring he removed to his present com- 
fortable and attractive home, about a hundred yards 
from the borough line of Elizabethtown. He has 
done well in life, and his present comfortable cir- 
cumstances are entirely the result of his economy, 
careful management and unwearied industry. Mr. 
Kaylor and his wife are members of the River Breth- 
ren Church, while his good standing in his neigh- 
bors' opinions is attested by his election three times 
as school director. Mr. Kaylor has made a small 
fortune off a rented farm, and well deserves a prom- 
inent place among the leading men of Lancaster 

REV. (TFIARLFS NAGEL is pastor of the 
Moravian Church in Lancaster. Pa. He was born 
in Cannstadt, Wurtemberg, Germany, Oct. 28, 1844, 
and was but a vcar old when his father, a clergy- 
man of the Lutheran Church, entered into rest. His 
early education was obtained in the schools of his na- 
tive land, and in liis ninth year the widowed mother 
brought him and his sister to the New World. They 
located in Brooklyn, N. Y., where they continued 
to reside for some time. When young Charles was 
fifteen years old he went to Bethlehem. Pa., and 
there entered the Moravian College and Theological 
Seminar^', having determined upon the ministry a^ 



his life work. His devotion to his work, his careful 
study and his consistent practice of the principles 
he professed won for him the high esteem of his in- 
structors, and when he was graduated, in his twenti- 
ttli year, he was called upon to fill the position of 
teacher in the Moravian Boarding School for Boys at 
Nazareth, Pa., which position he held for three years. 
Ill pursuance of the next call,- this time into the min- 
istry of the congregation at Newfoundland, Wayne 
Co., Pa., he was, in 1868, ordained a deacon of the 
Moravian Church by the Right Rev. John C. Jacob- 
son. His labors in the Newfoundland field were 
crowned with success, and he continued in charge 
there until January, 1874. In 1870, at York, Pa., 
he had been ordained a presbyter by the Rt. Rev. 
Henry Shultz. When he resigned his pastorate at 
Newfoundland it was to accept a call to the Church 
at Elizabeth, N. J., where he continued until 1876, 
when he returned to Pennsylvania, and took charge 
of the parish at Lititz, Lancaster county, where he 
remained until 1885. During all these years he had 
not confined his attention to the duties of his own 
charge, but had taken a keen intelligent interest 
in all that pertained to the welfare of the church. 
By close study and a wide contemplation of the prob- 
lems that confront the clergy of whatever denom- 
ination, he became keenly alive to the needs and the 
dangers assailing the higher morality of the people. 
Tn 1876 he was delegated, with others, to represent 
the Northern Pro*'incc of the Moravian Church in 
America at the General Synod, which convened in 
Hornhut, Saxony, from May to July, of that year. 
From 1S85 to 1901 Rev. Nagel was the incumbent 
of the First Moravian Church in Philadelphia, and 
on Sept. 19, 1901, he entered the Gospel ministry 
of the Moravian Church at Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 
In 1868 Rev. Nagel was united in marriage with 
Miss Ellen M. Luchenbach, daughter of William 
Luchenbach, of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. 

JOSEPH S. RISSER, one of the old and suc- 
cessful farmers of Mt. Joy township, Lancaster coun- 
ty, was born in Londonderry, Lebanon Co., Pa., 
Dec. 28, 1836, 3 son of John and Mary (Shenk) 
Risser, both natives of Lebanon county, where they 
died full of years and honor. The father, a farmer, 
who died in i860, at the age of sixty years, ten 
months and twelve days, had lived retired many 
years. His widow-passed away in 1892, at the age 
of seventy-six years, seven months and twenty-eight 
days.' They were interred in the Risser Church 
burying ground in Lancaster county. They were 
members of the Mennonite Church, and had the fol- 
lowing family: Famne, born Aug. 5, 1835, "^^^ '^" 
mvalid and the widow of John H. Risser, of Mt. 
Joy township, who was born Feb. 21, 1834, and died 
Nov. 5, 1901 : Joseph S. ; Abraham, who died aged 
thirty-eight years : John, a prominent man in Leba- 
non count}', and a director of a bank in 
Elizabethtown : Samuel, a farmer in Lebanon county. 

Several of the Risser family came to America 

daring the eighteenth century. Ulrich and Jacob 
Risser came from Rotterdam in the ship "Ad- 
venturer." John Davis, master, qualified Oct. 2, 
1727. John Risser came at the age of twenty-three, 
in the ship ''Queen Elizabeth,'' Alexander Hope, 
master, from Rotterdam, qualified Sept. 16, 1738. 
I'hilip Risser came in the "Loyal Judith," Edward 
Painter, commander, from Rotterdam, qualified 
Sept. 3, 1739. Peter Risser and his wife, Anna Sn}'- 
der, sailed from Rotterdam in the "^'Robert and 
Alice," Walter Goodman, commander, qualified 
Sept. 3, 1739. The last couple were the great- 
grandparents of Joseph S. Risser. 

The paternal grandparents of Joseph S. Risser 
were Peter and Fanny (W^itmer) Risser, farming 
people of Lebanon county, where their lives were 
spent. The grandfather died in 1856, at the age 
of seventy-six. The Rissers are of Swiss descent, 
and have always been sturdy and industrious people 
of good character and fine standing. The same 
thing may justly be said of Mr. Risser's maternal 
grandparents, Joseph and Fanny (Ober) Shenk, of 
Lebanon county, where their peaceful and upright 
lives were passed. Tiie Shenks also came originally 
from Switzerland. 

Joseph S. Risser was married Nov. 8, 1864, in 
Lancaster county, to Miss Annie L. Gerber, who was 
born in Rapho township and died Sept. 24, 1888, at 
the age of forty-two years. Her remains were laid 
to rest in the Kraybil'l cemetery. She was a sister 
of David L. Gerber, of East Donegal township. 

Mr. Risser remained with his parents until he 
reached the age of twenty-eight years, when he rent- 
ed a farm in East Donegal township. There he re- 
mained until 1873, when he came to the farm on 
which he is found to-day, and where he has made a 
signal success in its cultivation. In his religion 
he has united himself with the Mennonite Church, 
and his clean and wholesome life has cast no dis- 
credit upon his profession of faith. In politics he 
is a Republican, and is known as an upright and 
conscientious citizen. He has worked hard, been 
prudent and careful, and has amassed a very com- 
fortable competence. 

EMANUEL NEFF. .Among the old and re- 
spected citizens of Stra?')urg township is Emanuel 
Neff, who conducts a mill and operates a farm two 
miles west of the borough of Strasburg, in Lancaster 
countv, and well represents the two prominent fam- 
ilies from which he came. • 

Emanuel Neff was born in Lancaster county Oct. 
25, 1840, a son of Henry and Anna (Groff) Neff, 
both of whom have passed away. Henry Nefl: was 
a native of East Lampeter township, a son of Chris- 
tian and Annie Nefif, and was born I^Iarch 19, 1819, 
dying Feb. t6, t88i. His first marriage was to 
Anna Groff, who died in 185 1, leaving three chil- 
dren: Emanuel; Amos, a farmer of Cass county, 
Mn. ; and Susan, deceased, who married Amos 
Hershev. of Gordonville. The second marriage of 



Henry Neff was to Elizabeth Groff, and liis third 
lo Barbara Wade, both of whom died without issue. 

Henry NelT was a farmer and also a miller, 
spending- his whole life in East Lanijieter and Stras- 
burgf townships, owning at one time two fine farms 
in Strasburg township, selling one prior to. the pur- 
chase of the mill property now owned and operated 
by his son, Emanuel. In connection with the mill, 
he purchased forty-three acres of land, and there 
passed his last years, spending a useful, busy life, 
and dying as he lived, a conscientious and worthy 
member of the Old Mcnnonite Church. 

Emanuel Ne.fif was reared on the farm and early 
learned habits of thrift and economy which have as- 
sisted him in becoming the substantial member of 
the community he now is. His education was gained 
in the public schools and when he had reached the 
age of tv.-enty-one he began farming operations for 
himself, locating on a farm of ninety-five acres, in 
East Strasburg township, where he remained twenty 
years. In I\larch, 18S2, he succeeded to present 
property, and since that time he has carried on the 
mill and farmed the estate surrounding it. Emanuel 
Neff is well and favorably known through the lo- 
cality and is ever interested in all improvements that 
promise good to the community, in the way of 
temperance, religion or education. 

Emanuel Nefi' was married in 1S61 tc Catherine 
Eby, a daughter of Christian and Rebecca (Warner) 
Eby, who was born in this county, near Gap, Oct. 
3, 1841, and seven children have been born of this 
union: Rebecca, who married John B. Lefever, of 
East Lampeter township ; Enos, deceased ; tiarry, 
a farmer of West Lampeter, who married Fannie 
Myers ; Christian, a farmer of Paradise township, 
who married Lavina Shaub ; Mary, married to 
George W. Rohrer. of East Lampeter ; John, a farm- 
er of Strasburg, who married Barbara Keener ; and 
Katie, who remains in the home. 

Both Emanuel Neff and his wife are valued mem- 
bers of the Old Mennonite Church, where their kind- 
ness and generosity are well known, and they are 
antong the most respected residents of this part of 
Lancaster county. 

PAUL HEINE, of the Sprenger Brewing Com- 
pany, is well known in Lancaster, where with his 
father-in-law, Ferdinand Grebe, he owns the 
Sprenger brewerv — one of the widest known and 
oldest institutions of its kind in the city. He was born 
in Wolfshagen, Brunswick, Germany, Nov. 23. 1S64, 
a son of Heinrich and Elizabeth (Necker) Heine. 

Heinrich Heine, who died in Berlin in 1879, 
was a noted author; poet and playwright, and a num- 
ber of published works testify to his ability. His 
wife, Elizabeth Necker, daughter of a distinguished 
physician of Laage, Mecklenburg, is still living in 
Berlin, hale and hardv at the age of eighty-two 
years. Three children were born to them : Rich- 
ard, a leather goods manufacturer of New York ; 

Emma, wife of Ferdinand Krause, an Imperial 
Opera singer of Berlin; and Paul. 

After recei\'ing an excellent education at vari- 
ous German schools Mr. Heine connected himself 
with a leading Berlin exporting liouse, remaining 
with same four years, after which he went to the 
celebrated Franz Spielhagen Chemical ^^'orks, the 
largest of their kind in Berlin. He was then twenty- 
one }ears old, and in three years he had ascended 
the commercial hulder to the position of manager 
and cashier in the concern. Holding this place 
three years, in 1891 he became anxious to visit 
America with a view of establishing himself here. 
Two weeks after reaching New York he secured 
a position in the big linen goods importing house 
of Lamb & Griesbach, in order to make himself bet- 
ter acquainted with the business methods and the 
language of this country. Tie then bought out a 
stationery business in that city, and in two years 
and a half after landing in America he was part 
owner of a large brewerj- — the one at I-ancaster. 
Mr. Heine is certainly a progressive and wide- 
awake business man, and his life affords a good 
lesson for young men to emulate. Continual addi- 
tions, and improvements prompted by a constantly 
growing demand for its products, have brought the 
concern to fully three times its capacity over that 
when purchased, in 1894. Progressive in every- 
thing, the Sprenger Brewing Company built the 
fine "Hotel Lincoln," on South Queen street, be- 
sides rebuilding and remodeling several other of 
tlieir hotels in the city, thus contributing materially 
to the development of Lancaster. ?\Iodern appli- 
ances in the brewery have made its product greatly 
sought, not only in Lancaster and the coniUy, but 
from all over the State. ]\Ir. Heine "is a member of 
the Lancaster Board of Trade. 

In April, 1894, ^ir. Fleine married Emma, only 
daughter and child of Ferdinand Grebe. One child 
has been born to them, Ferdinand, named in honor 
of his maternal grandfather. Mr. Heine is a mem- 
ber of Blue Lodge, Chapter, Knights Templar, 
Council, Lodge of Perfection and Mystic Shrine, in 
Masonry; of the Benevolent Order of Elks, Knights 
of Pvthias, Red Men, Knights of Fidelity, Hamil- 
ton Club, Road Drivers Association, Lancaster 
Country Club, and the leading German societies of 
the place. He is a public-spirited citizen, always 
having the interest of the place he made his home 
at heart. He is well thought of by everybody, is 
liberal and kind-hearted to the less fortunate ones, 
and may well be congratulated on his popularity 
and business standing, for it is of the best. 

Duke street, is one of fifteen children born to par- 
ents who came from old and prominent families. 
Christian Sensenig, his great-grandfather, was a 
miller, and came from Switzerland to America early 
in the century to escape the religious persecution 






then fiercely raging against the Mennonite Church 
in his native land. He settled in Earl township, 
and his descendants have been land owners there for 

John Sensenig, the grandfather of George R., 
was a lifelong miller, and was born in Lancaster 
county. His son. Christian, was also a miller, 
was born near Terre Hill, in East Earl township, 
in 1773, and died in 1864. His wife was 
Susan, a daughter of Christian Rutt, a farmer in East 
Earl township, and to this union fifteen children 
were born, of whom four are living: Levi, a cat- 
tle dealer of Lancaster ; Harry R., a farmer of Co- 
calico township; Mattie, the widow of Martin ^1. 
Sensenig, late of Goodville, Lancaster county, and 
head of the Sensenig hardware company, one of the 
most extensive concerns of its kind outside of the 
big cities ; George Rutt. 

George Rutt Sensenig was born in East Earl 
township in 1846, and was educated in the local dis- 
trict school, which he left when thirteen years old 
to go into his father's mill, where he remained until 
his eighteenth year, when his fatlier died. At that 
time he left the mill and entered the butcher trade, 
which he fully learned, and then engaged in the cat- 
tle business, soon being recognized as a most relia- 
ble dealer. On Aug. 21, 1900, Mr. Sensenig pur- 
chased the extensive business of George J. Rutt, on 
North Duke street. Here he is engaged in a most 
successful meat business, with his abattoirs at No. 
465 Holland avenue, and his patrons include many 
of the best families of the city. 

Mr. Sensenig married Sarah, daughter of David 
Fry, a noted tanner of Ephrata. Mr. Sensenig is 
a member of the Holy Trinity Lutheran Church, and 
is a Master Mason. In his politics he is an ardent 
Republican, and has attended as a delegate the coun- 
ty and other conventions, and had the honor of being 
a delegate to the national convention that nominated 
General Harrison for a second term. Mr. Sensenig 
is an honorable and upright man of lofty impulses, 
and has a host of friends. 

SAMUEL L. KAUFFMAN, a resident of Kin- 
zers, Lancaster county, was born near Allensville, 
Mifflin Co., Pa., in 1830, and there he lived until 
he was nine years of age, receiving the most of his 
education in that period of his life. 

Jacob Kaufifman, the great-grandfather of Sam- 
uel L., was born in 1737, the exact date and location 
not being known. His son. Christian Kauffman, 
was born June 2S, Jt764, at what is known as Chester 
Valley, Chester Co., Pa. The father of Samuel L. 
was born Sept. 15, 1797. The grandfather lived 
at this point during the Revolutionary war, and. on 
one occasion the opposing armies drew very close to 
this place. The Kauffmans were notified by Gen. 
Washington that a battle was likely to take place 
on that very farm. This kind act was repeated by 
the great American, and other families in the neigh- 
borhood were notified to remain in the cellar during 

the battle, as they were between the contending 
armies. The next morning the valley was swept 
bv a severe storm, and the expected battle did not 
take place. Christian Kauffman moved to Mifllin 
county, I'a., in 1S02, where he made his home. The 
father of Samuel L. Kauffman was married in 1819 
or 1820 to Sarah Lapp, and to this union were born 
six boys and three girls : John Kauffman,- born 
Sept. 19, 1821 ; Gideon, March 28, 1824; Jonathan, 
Dec. 10, TS26; Samuel L., Jan. 24, 1830; Elizabeth, 
Sept. ic, 1832, married to Jonathan F. Stoltzfus ; 
Michael L., Dec. 7, 1834; Christian L., Feb. 5, 1838; 
Nancy, Nov. 20, 1840, who married Jacob Stoltz- 
fus and was killed by a train at a railway street- 
crossing near Bird-in-Hand; Sarah, Dec. 24, 1843, 
wife of .A.mos Mast. 

From Jvliffhn county the family moved to Union 
county. Pa., in 1839, and nine years later made their 
home'near Paradise, Lancaster Co., Pa., where the 
father died Sept. 15, 1879; he was eighty-two years 
old; his wife, who was born Jan. 15, iSoi, died Nov. 
22, 1879. 

Samuel L. Kauffman grew to manhood under the 
parental roof, was married Feb. 3, 1857, near Gap 
P. O., Lancaster county, to Barbara Stoltzfus, and 
at first was engaged in farming. In 1864 he went 
into a business of selling agricultural imiilements, 
and was later engaged in the hardware business un- 
der the name of Kauffnian & Livingston. This 
partner' was Benjamin B. Livingston, a brother of 
judge John B. Livingston. 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel L. Kauffman had no chil- 
dren, and in the fall of 1S57 they took into their 
home two orphan children, a brother and sister, 
William D. and iSIary Jane Skiles. The boy died 
when ten years old, and the sister married John 
Kessler, a coach maker at Kinzers. The Kauffman 
home next became an asylum for Harry IMcNclley, 
a boy of nine years of age, without education or 
moral training. He was of a roving disposition, but 
under the kindly atmosphere of this beautiful home 
and the motherly spirit of Mrs. Kauffman his bet- 
ter nature bloomed and became marked. He was 
sent to day and Sunday-school, became a student of 
the Bible, was ordained a clergyman and is in charge 
of the United Brethren Church at Pottstown, Pa. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kauffman also took charge of a 
nephew, who was a deaf mute. They enfolded him 
in an atmosphere of love and eventually sent him to 
the Mute School at Philadelphia, where he remained 
ten years. He has become a man of culture, has 
married a mute, a school-mate, and is engaged in the 
seed business near Lancaster City. Another child 
taken into this Iiospitable home was Hallie M. Camp- 
bell, who was taken from the county home in 1895, 
when she was ten years of age. She has become a 
bright and charming young girl, and is the great de- 
light of her foster parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kauffman are both members of 
the Amish Mennonite Church, and took an active 
part in the establishment of the Sunday-school at 



the Amish Millwood Church. The organization of 
the Sunday-school was opposed by many, but the 
persistence of Mr. Kauffman and others overcame 
the opposition, and brought the churches into line. 
Mr. Kauffman wae one of the building committee 
?.t the construction of the church in 18S2, of which 
he has been one of the Trustees to the present time. 
Mr. Kauffman has been associated with the Pcnn 
Mutual Fire Association since its forination, being 
successively agent, director and president of the As- 
sociation, being elected to this last position at the 
annual meeting in the fall of 1901. 

JACOB ROHRER, a retired farmer of Rapho 
township, was born in East Hempfield township 
Nov. 8, 1829, son of Daniel and Mary (Kreider) 
Rohrer, of lleacock and East Lampeter *:ownships. 

Daniel Rohrer, the father, was also a farmer 
until thirteen years prior to his death, which oc- 
curred in January, 1897. at the advanced age of 
ninety-four years. His wife died in January, 1S94, 
at the age of eighty-six years. The couple are buried 
in the East Petersburg cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rohrer were members of the iMennonite Church ; 
for years he was a member of the school directory of 
this district. He was a man of prominence and large 

There were born to them the following children : 
John, a retired farmer residing at Landisville, Pa. : 
Jacob ; Daniel, a farmer, living in Crawford county, 
Mo.; Benjamin, who died in youth; Abraham, de- 
ceased, a farmer; Anna, wife of Abraham B. Miller, 
a retired farmer of Rohrerstown, Pa. ; Israel, who 
died in youth ; Hettie, who died at the age of thirty- 
one years, unmarried; Isaac, a farmer of Marion 
county. Mo. ; Plenry, who died in youth ; and Mary, 
wife of Isaac K. Stoner, a farmer of Petersburg, 
Pa. Jacob Rohrer's grandparents on h's father's 
side were John and Hettie (Wenger) Rohrer, of 
Lcacock township. 

John Rohrer, a farmer and carpenter, was born in 
1779 and died at the age of eighty-six years. His 
wife was born in 1779 and died at the age of sixty- 
eight years. Both are buried in Lcacock township. 
There were born to them the following children : 
Benjamin; Maria, wife of John Musser ; Daniel; 
Isaac; Plettie, wife of Joseph Moyer: Martin; Ja- 
cob ; Michael ; Betsey, wife of Samuel Buckwalter ; 
Israel ; and Nancy, wife of Christian Stauffer. On 
his mother's side Mr. Rohrer's grandparents were 
John and Anna (Hoover) Krcider. of Lampeter and 
Warwick townships. Mr. Kreider was a farmer 
and died in Lampeter township, and his w'fe died in 
East Plempfield township. 

On Nov. 17, 1857, Jacob Rohrer was married to 
Miss Mary S. Kreider, of Lancaster, Pa. There 
have been born to this union the following children : 
Jacob K., a farmer of East Hempfield township, 
married to Amanda Stauffer, by whom lie has had 
four children ; Mary K., wife of Martin Nissley, a 
machinist of Landisville, Pa., with eight children ; 

Daniel K., who died in youth ; John S., living on the 
old farm in Rapho township, and married to }»Iiss 
Lizzie Nisslev, by whom he has had three children; 
and Hettie K., who married Benjamin D. Peters, a 
farmer and machinist of Rapho township, and has 
had six children. 

Mrs. Mary S. (Kreider) Rohrer was born in 
East Hempfield township, died Dec. 20, 1898, at the 
age of sixty-two years, and is buried in Erissman's 
cemetery ; she was the daughter of Jacob and Alary 
(Sechrist) Kreider, of Lampeter township. Both 
her parents died in East Hempfield township. 

Jacob Rohrer lived with his parents until the 
time of his marriage, receiving in the meantime a 
good education in the schools of the district. Soon 
after the wedding he moved to the farm now owned 
by John S. Rohrer and remained there until 1S94, 
when he removed to his present farm, a very fine 
place. Mr. Rohrer is a prominent man in the town- 
ship, for eight years was school director and was 
township auditor for a period of three years. He 
is a Republican in politics and is greatly interested 
in the welfare of that party. Mr. Rohrer and his 
family are members of the IMennonite Church. The 
whole neighborhood rightfully regards Mr. Rohrer 
as a splendid specimen of the old-time Pennsylvania 
gentleman, and finds it a pleasure to meet and visit 
with him. 

ABRAHAM HERSHOUR, a resident of Fulton 
township, was born in Brecknock township, Lancas- 
ter county, April 6, 1825. He is a son of James and 
Hanna (Stoman) Hershour, natives of Bucks coun- 
ty and of German origin. 

James Hershour, the father, was a farmer by 
occupation and came to I^ancaster county while yet 
a young man. He was a Republican in politics, but 
never sought ofiice. He was of the Lutheran re- 
ligious belief and a devout member of that church. 
He was the father of nine children, all of whom are 
now dead, with the exception of Abraham and Su- 
san, the wife of Joseph Camra. Their liames were 
Isaac, John, Plenry, Joseph, Abraham, Elizabeth, 
Lvdia, Susan anrl Samuel. 

Abraham Hershour was married to Miss Leah 
Able Oct. 21, 1852. She was the daughter of George 
and Catherine Able, of York county, Pa. This 
family also was of German origin. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hershour have been blessed with the following chil- 
dren : Jacob, born April 28, 1854, a farmer of 
Little Britain township ; Henry, born July 8, 1856, 
who died in youth; Catherine, born Sept. 24, 1858, 
deceased; Matilda, born Dec. 8, 1859, the wife of 
Ear Caruth ; Abraham, born May 13, 1S63, residing 
in Lancaster ; John, deceased ; Franklin, born Jan. 
24, 1S64, residing in Chester county. Pa. ; Christian, 
born Aug. 19, 1869, residing on the home farm; 
Leah E., born Dec. 28, 1871, the wife of Caleb Mc- 
Fann ; and Mary A., born April 6. 1S75, who married 
Charles Bradley and lives on the homestead with her 
parents. Mrs. Hershour was born Sept. 24, 1833. 



Mr. Hershour started in life a very poor boy, 
but by industry and fnig-ality he is now the owner of 
a fine farm of 167 acres, well stocked and improved. 
He is a strong Republican in politics. He is a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church. Respected by all his 
friends and neighbors, i\Ir. Hershour stands in his 
community a citizen with whom it is both a pleas- 
ure and a benefit to be acquainted. 

PETER E. HERSHEY, a retired farmer of 
Leacock township, Lancaster county, was born in 
Salisbury 'township Feb. 5, 1826, and is a son of 
.\braham and Anna (Eby) Hershey, both of Salis- 
bury township. 

Abraliam Hershey was a farmer, and spent his 
(Htirc life in Salisbury township, where he died in 
January, 1843, at the age of fifty-six years, eleven 
months and two days. His widow, who long sur- 
vived him, went to her rest in February, 1S96, at the 
age of ninety-five years, two months and fourteen 
days. Both were buried in Hershey's burying 
ground in Salisbury township. They were the par- 
ents of two children : Margaret, who is the widow 
of Daniel Denlinger, and lives in Leacock town- 
ship ; Peter E., whose name appears above. Abra- 
ham Hershey was twice married, his first wife be- 
ing Nancy Sechrist, who was the mother of Jacob 
S., who died in August, 1889, at the age of seventy- 
six years. 

Andrew Hershey, the pioneer representative of 
the family in this country, was born in Switzerland 
and came to America in 17T9, with his two sons, 
Andrew and Benjamin, making their home near the 
present site of Lancaster. A third son, Christian, 
remained in Switzerland until 1739, when he also 
immigrated to Pennsylvania, where with his two 
brothers he became a preacher of the Mennonite 
Church. Andrew Plershey, who died in T792, was 
the father of twelve children. Christian, John, An- 
drew, Benjamin, Jacob, Abraham, Isaac, Henry, 
Peter, Alaria, Catherine and Adli. 

The paternal grandparents of Peter E. Hershey 
were Jacob and Anna ( Newcomer) Hershey. They 
were both natives of Dauphin county, but ;r.oved into 
Lancaster county and spent their lives in Salisbury 
township. They had the following family : John ; 
Jacob; Christian; Elizabeth; Abraham and Andrew, 
twins ; Joseph, a Mennonite bishop. 

The maternal grandparents of Mr. Hershey were 
Peter and Maragret (Hess) Newcomer, both natives 
of Lancaster county. 

Peter E. Hershey was married Dec. 5, 1848, in 
Lancaster, Pa., to Anna Landis. Born to this union 
were: Christian L., who died in his eighteenth 
year ; Anna, who married Amos Leaman, of Leacock 
township, and died at the age of twenty-five ; Henry ; 
Mary, who married Esaias Denlinger, a farmer of 
Paradise township, and is the mother of four chil- 
dren ; Landis, a farmer on the old homestead in 
Salisbury township, married, first, to Elizabeth 
Buckwalter, by whom he had one child, Harry, and. 

second, to Lizzie Leaman, by whom he had three 
children, Anna, Willis and Ruth. 

Mrs. Anna (Landis) Hershey was born in East 
Lampeter township in 1829, a daughter of Christian 
S. and Mary (Landis) Landis, of East Lampeter 
township. Pier father, who was a farmer, died in 
East Lampeter township at the age of sixty-seven, 
years, six months and nine days. His wife died 
Tune 8, 1865; at the age of fifty-seven years, three 
months and twenty-five days. Both were buried 
in the cemetery connected with the Mellinger 
Church. They were members of the ^Mennonite 
Church. yiv. and Mrs. Christian S. Landis were 
the parents of the following family: Levi, who 
was a retired farmer, now deceased ; Elizabeth, the 
widow of Peter B. Brubaker, living in Manheim 
township ; Anna ; Catherine, late wife of Christian 
S. Risser ; Rev. John L., a clergyman of the IMeri- 
nonite Church, of East Lampeter township : Hettie, 
the widow of Martin R. Hcrr, residing in Lea- 
cock township. 

The maternal grandparents of Anna (Landis) 
Plershey were Plenry and Mary (Rohrer) Landis, 
both natives of Lancaster county. The paternal 
grandparents of IMrs. Hershey were John and Bar- 
bara (Snaveley) Landis, botli of Lancaster county. 
John Landis was twice married. 

Peter E. PIcrshey lived with his mother until his 
marriage, when he moved to another far.n, in Salis- 
bury township, where he remained .until 1855, that 
year coming to his present farm. In the spring of 
1S7S he retired. For five times he was appointed as- 
sistant assessor, and was school director seven years, 
when he refused to serve longer in that position. 
Both husband and wife are members of the Mennon- 
ite Church. In politics he is a Republican, and 
holds an cnvial.ile position in the conununity, where 
he has many friends, won by his industry and hon- 
est}", and retained by his kindly character. 

SA^IUEL WEAVER LANTZ, for many years 
a farmer in Lancaster county, was descended from 
a Swiss family of French extraction, one of whom 
settled in Connecticut. This latter day bearer of 
the name was born in Strasburg township, Lancas- 
ter county. Pa., Oct. 27, 1837, and died in Lancaster 
City April i, 1899. His parents, Jacob and Hettie 
(Weaver) Lantz, were also natives of this county, 
and they were married, lived for sixty-three years 
and died in the same house, during the same year, 
and at the same age. Jacob Lantz died in Septem- 
ber of 1S83, his wife having passed away in July. 
They were eighty-three years old. They were mem- 
bers of the New Mennonite Church, and were the 
parents of seven children: Isaac, a farmer in Ches- 
ter county. Pa. ; Benjamin, deceased ; John, deceased ; 
Samuel Weaver: Hettie, the widow of Martin Mey- 
ers, of Landisville, Pa. ; Anna, wife of John Trout, a 
farmer of Strasburg: and Leah, living in Landis- 

From earliest vouth Samuel Weaver Lantz was 



reared to an appreciation of the dig'nity and use- 
fulness of an agricultural life, and liis inclinations 
never wandered from this peaceful means of liveli- 
hood. On Dec. 19, 1S65, he married Maria Klein- 
hans, born in Strasburo-. daughter of John Frederick 
and Amelia (Leistner) Klcinhans, natives, rcspect- 
ivel}', of Hanover and Brunswick, German}-. The fa- 
ther was born Oct. 3, 1808, and died at Lancaster in 
1893; and the motlicr was born Jan. 13, 1825, and 
still lives in this city. John Fredrick Kleinhans was 
a blacksmith in his native land, but upon coming to 
Lancaster in 1840 worked for the Baldwin Locomo- 
tive Works for a few years, and then started in 
business for himself. Besides Maria, he had one 
son, Elias, a farmer in the York furnaces. The 
children born to IMr. and Mrs. Lantz are : Amelia, 
the wife of Martin Shreiner, of Neffsvillc, Pa. ; 
Harry, a molder at Mount Vernon ; Anna, married 
to Plenry Fritze. an electrician of Jersey City ; 
Charles, married to Sadie Bubble and living in Phil- 
adelphia ; Bertha, who married Dr. Benjamin F. 
Good, of Conestoga, Pa. ; Bessie, unmarried and liv- 
ing at home ; Mary, also at home ; and Alice, de- 
ceased at the age of seventeen years. 

During the Civil war Mr. Lantz served in Co. 
E, 79th Regiment, P. V., enlisting Sept. 21, 1861, 
and receiving his discharge Oct. i, 1864. He par- 
ticipated in thirteen battles, and was wounded in 
the hand, besides contracting rheumatism, from 
which he suflfered all his life, and for wh'ch he re- 
ceived a pension. He was a member of the New 
Mennonite Church. He belonged to the Republi- 
can party and served as supervisor of Strasburg for 
three years. Mr. Lantz bore an enviable reputation 
in his neighborhood, his honesty of purpose and pub- 
lic spirit being unquestioned. 

AARON WEAVER, one of the most success- 
ful farmers of Lancaster county, is a son of the late 
Isaac Weaver, who was born in East Lampeter 
township, and died at the city of Lancaster. 

Isaac Weaver was a son of Rev. Joseph Weaver, 
a Mennonite minister of Lampeter, and himself en- 
tered that communion early in life, remaining a de- 
vout and consistent member of the church until his 
death, which occurred in his sixtN'-ninth year. He 
was a man of intellect, good judgment and almost 
phenomenal energy. He was a large land owner, 
being the proprietor of three farms, all of which his 
progressive spirit and wide-awake ideas led him to 
keep well improved. That on which he resided, 
M'here his children were born, and which is spoken 
of in the family as "the homestead." comprised 128 
acres located in East Lampeter. of 185 
acres situated some six miles west of T^ancaster, 
was known as the Sener farm. The third, known 
as the Beam farm, was at Willowstreet ; there he 
erected a complete set of buildings. Besides mak- 
ing such extensive improvements on his own prop- 
erty he assisted two sisters in improving their prop- 
erty. When he had reached the age of sixty he 

retired to pass his declining years in rest. He erected 
a residence at No. 529 East King street, Lancaster, 
and there entered into rest Oct. 27, 1887. He mar- 
ried Catherine Barr, who survives him, and is now 
living, at an advanced age, with her daughter Mrs. 
John Girvcn, of "Meclianicsburg. They were the 
parents of seven children: Mary, the eldest, is the 
wife of John Girven, of Mechanicsburg, this county; 
Joseph B. lives at the old homestead in East Lam- 
peter; Aaron is the subject of the present biograph- 
ical sketch ; Benjamin F. is a farmer of Manor town- 
ship ; Milton L. is a miller and coal dealer in West 
Hempiield ; Elizabeth is deceased; and Epliraim E., 
the }-oimgest of the family, is a farmer in Manor. 

Aaron Weaver was born in East Lampeter }vlarch 
II, 1856. He grew up on the old home farm, and 
after liis father's retirement and removal to Lan- 
caster was employed for some two years by his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Girven. In 1882 he and his 
brother, Benjamin F., went to Manor township, and 
settled on the Sener farm, to which reference has 
been already made, renting the same from their fa- 
ther, who liad purchased it from Jacob Landis. For 
three years the lirothcrs occupied it jointly, and dur- 
ing this time they made some costly improvements, 
erecting a fine residence, with good, substantial 
barns and tobacco houses. It was conceded to be 
one of the finest, best improved and most efficiently 
managed farms in that part of the county. In 1885 
their father divided the property equally between 
them, Aaron Weaver receiving the southern half. 
He has still further improved his portion, and every- 
thing about his place tells of thrift, good sense, in- 
dustry and prosperity. While chiefly engaged in 
general farming, Mr. Weaver, since 1S92, has en- 
gaged extensively in tobacco growing and packing, 
in which his quick perceptive power and excellent 
business judgment have insured his success. 

Mr. Weaver was married, in November, 1889, 
to Miss Emma K. Landis, a daughter of Jacob S. 
Landis, of East Lampeter. She died in February, 
1890. Mr. Weaver is a Republican in politics. 

AMOS WALTON (deceased) occupied a lead- 
ing position among the representative farmers of 
Fulton township, Lancaster county, not only on ac- 
count of his financial success, but also, and more 
especially, because of his genial personality and ex- 
cellence of judgment and character. His birth oc- 
curred Jan. 6, 1840. and he was a son of Amos and 
]\Iartha (Young) Walton. His grandfather was 
born in England, and came to this country at an early 
date. His familv consisted of Amos ()1. father of 
Amos (2), John. Jesse, Okun\ Isaac, Elijah, Eliza 
and Emily. 

Amos Walton. Sr., was married Sept. 15, 1827, 
to Martha, daughter of John Young. To them came 
children as follows : Mahlon, born July 17, 1828, 
a farmer who resided in l\'Iartic township and 
died in 1897; Levi, born Dec. 7, 1830, who 
died young ; Mary Ann, born Dec. 27, 1833. 



who married George Patten, of Martic town- 
ship, and died in 1896; Isaac, born Aug. 19, 
1835, a resident of Mount Nebo, Martic township : 
Amos, our subject. 

Amos \\'alton was reared u]5on the farm, and 
received his education in the public schools of the 
district. Starting out in life without a dollar, he 
began working at a salar}' of forty cents per day, 
yet before his death owned a fine farm of 190 acres, 
all in a good state of cultivation. Upon the place 
is a pleasant, three-story brick residence, commodi- 
ous barn, ample tobacco sheds and all necessary out- 
liiiildings, and Mr. Walton was justly regarded as 
one of the best farmers in his part of Lancaster 

On Nov. 15, 1864. Mr. Walton married Miss 
Martha Alexander, who was born Dec. 2, 1841, 
daughter of John and Susan Alexander, of Martic 
township, of Scotch-Irish descent. I\Irs. Walton 
was one of a family of eight children : Marris, who 
died while serving in the Civil war ; Martha, the 
widow of Amos Walton ; Mary Ann, married to 
Lewis Jenkins ; Jason, deceased ; Samuel, a mer- 
chant of Mount Nebo ; Rebecca Jane, wife of Plarry 
Marsh, a merchant of Lancaster City, Pa. ; John, a 
farmer of Martic township : Calvin, deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Walton had two children : Isaac 
Jason, who was born T^Iarch 4. 1866: and Lewis 
E., who was born April 15, 1868, and died May 24, 
1870. Amos Walton was a Democrat in politics. 
Kind to his family, honorable in all his dealings, a 
good neighbor and a public-spirited citizen, he was 
a man who enjoyed the highest respect and esteem 
of his fellow townsmen, and was an excellent ex- 
ample to the rising generation, a typical representa- 
tive of self made men. His death, which occurred 
Feb.27, 1902, was deeply lamented. 

Isaac Jason Walton married Anna Martha Wil- 
son, of Fulton township, on Aug. 25, 1887. She 
was born Oct. 24, 1864, daughter of Hiram and 
Martha (Phillips) Wilson. Four children came to 
ihem: Edgar Earl, born March 19, 1888; Amos 
Lester, born March 8, 1889; Edna Martha, born 
Nov. 2, 1891 ; and Mary Elma, born Feb. 9. 1902. 
Isaac Jason Walton now owns, the farm where he 
resides with his family. 

JESSE HARNER, a highly esteemed retired 
farmer of Drumore township, now a resident of Lib- 
erty Square, in Lancaster county, was born in Mont- 
gomery county. Pa., Jan. 20. 1835, ^ son of Joseph 
and Mary (Slingluff) Harner, both of whom were 
natives of Montgomery county, he being of German, 
and she of Scotch-Irish ancestry. 

Grandfather John Harner was an old settler of 
Montgomery county and there reared this family: 
Daniel, Joseph, Henry, John, Samuel, Sarah, Susan, 
Anna and Elizabeth. Of this family Joseph be- 
came the father of Jesse Harner and was born in 
1783, and died in 1870. In 1822 he was united in 
marriage to Mary Slingluff, who was born in 1794 

and died in 1849, the seven children of this union 
being: John S., whose sketch appears elsewhere; 
George, deceased ; Samuel A., whose sketch is given 
in another place : Mary Ann, who married Thomas 
Cully (See sketchi ; Elizabeth, who married J. Har- 
rison Long and has passed away : Joseph, whose 
sketch is given elsewhere ; and Jesse, the youngest 
of the family. 

Jesse Harner was reared on the farm and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools of his lo- 
cality : he became more interested in agricultural 
pursuits than in any other line of activity, and this 
resulted in a life spent in operating his farm. One 
of the best farms in Martic township is owned by 
him, and he also possesses a nice farm and store prop- 
erty at Liberty Square, where he resides. 

Jesse Harner was married Jan. 3, i860, to Miss 
Mary E. Sides, of ]\Iartic township, whose death 
on Oct. I, 1SS5, brought grief to a large circle of 
friends. Her life was one of Christian excellence. 
The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Harner were : 
Joseph G., born Dec. 14, i860, residing in Phila- 
delphia : Benjamin F., who died in youth ; Harry, 
deceased ; Annie A., born April 25, 1867, the wife of 
Harry Rutter, of Philadelphia ; and Clara E., born 
Oct. I, 1870, the wife of H. C. Ambler, of Liberty 

In political circles Mr. Harner has always been 
a very active member of the Democratic party, and 
has efficiently served his township as school director. 
As one of the leading members of the Eethesda M. 
E. Church he has exerted a wide influence as trustee, 
steward, class leader and superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school. J\Ir. Harner is a man who is well 
known in tliis locality, and his upright life and char- 
acter are an excellent example. His voice and vote 
are always to be counted upon when questions arise 
concerning temperance, as he has been through life 
opposed to the use of either tobacco or strong drink. 
Mr. Harner enjoys the esteem of the township where 
his life has been passed. 

JAMES SWISHER, Sr., late a retired farmer 
of Colerain township, whose years and industry 
commanded the respect and esteem his character so 
well deserved, was born Feb. 22, 1820, his parents 
being Henry W. and Margaret (I\Icginness) 

Hem-y W. Swisher was born in Colerain town- 
ship in 1794, and his wife, Margaret Meginness in 
1788. She was an aunt of John F. Meginness, the 
originator of this work, and a daughter of James and 
Elizabeth (Fordham) Meginness. The Meginness 
family came from Ireland, and the Fordhams from 

Henry W. Swisher was the son of John and 
Rachel (Woodrow) Swisher, both natives of Balti- 
more county, Md., their ancestors finding a home in 
this country as early as 1701. They were of Ger- 
man origin ; John Swisher was the son of Henry, 
was born in (jcrmany, and came to this country long 



previous to the Revolutionary war. He settled in 
Colerain township as early as 1732, llie title to his 
property running from William Penn. It is still 
in the hands of the Swisher family. It belonged 
first to Plenry, then to John, and later to his son, 
Henry (2), the father of James, Senior. 

Henry W. Swisher was married in 1816 anil 
made his home on part of the original purchase. He 
learned the trade of a weaver and followed it for 
many _\ears. In his later life he bouglu a farm 
south of the home where James, Sr., afterwards re- 
sided, and lived there until his wife died, in 1S62. 
He then made his home with his son, James, until 
his own death in 1873. Mr. Swisher was a Lutheran 
but his wife, Margaret, always adhered to her an- 
cestral faith, that of the Friends Society. In poli- 
tics he was what he loved to style himself, a Jack- 
sonian Democrat, and was called to office in the town 
at different times -during his life. To him and his 
good wife were born one son, and three daughters: 
(r) Elizabeth, born in 1817, married William Hollis, 
and settled in Bart township, where both died on his 
farm home ; two of their children are living : Will- 
iam, of Bart township, and Margaret E., who is now 
Mrs. Nelson Boyd, of Little Britain township. (2) 
Rachel, born in 1824, married Washington Swisher, 
and located in Colerain township, where she died in 
1864, her husband surviving until 1899; they had 
four children : James ; Mrs. Elizabeth McCauley, of 
Quarryville ; Henry, of Colerain township ; and 
George W., also of Colerain township. (3) Anna 
Ellen, born in May, 1830, married John GrofT, and 
settled on one of the old homesteads, where she died 
in 1885 leaving eight children. (4) James. 

James Swisher was reared on the farm, where 
he received the benefits of a country school educa- 
tion, and remained on the home farm until thirty 
years of age. In 1842 he married Miss Margaret 
Everly, of Colerain township, who was born in Bart 
township, July 20, 18 15. Her parents both died 
■when she was a child, and she was reared in the 
home of Martha and Hannah AIcFarland. I\Ir. 
Swisher bought the home of of Benjamin McGinnis, 
where he lived some eight years, and then sold it. 
In i860 he purchased what was then known as the 
Samuel Smith hom.e. It was a small place with a 
small frame house. He erected a large bank barn at 
once and a few years later built the present house. 
By purchasing adjoining tracts of land he secured 
a large farm, where he had a fine set of buildings. 
During his life time Mr. Swisher built three large 
barns on property owned by him. 

James Swisher and his wife had no children of 
their own but they adopted and reared Margaret L., 
a daughter of Adam and Angeline (Lovett) Walker. 
She was born near Conowingo, in Lancaster county, 
in i8'58. Her father died when she was a mere child, 
and she was taken to James Swisher's where she was 
reared and educated as a child of the family. In 1883 
she married James Swisher, Jr.. a nephew of her fos- 
ter parents. They resided in the home of Mr. 

Swisher, where the younger man had charge of the 
farm, and took on his own sturdy shoulders much 

of the burden of the operation of the farm. To them t 

have come two children, Rachel A., born in 1S83, I 

and Viella L., born in 1886. | 

J\Tr. Swisher was always a Democrat. Mrs. - 
Swisher is a Baptist and he was reared in the Luth- 
eran faith. Mr. Swisher was a man of more than 

ordinary abilit}-, and. thougli given but a limited j 

education, he read much, and expanded his mind < 

with a knowledge of practical business affairs. | 

While past eighty when he died, on May 27, 1902, j 

his mind remained as bright and clear as ever. ' 

ISAAC H. KAUFxMAN (deceased) was born in 
Petersburg, Lancaster county, Feb. 23, 1834, and 
died in Mountville Dec. 27,, 1893, in the faith of the 
Mennonite Church. , 

His parents, Isaac and Anna (Hess) Kaufman, 
of Lancaster county, were agricultural people, and 
both died on Turkey Hill, in 'Manor township — the 
father in 1886, at the age of eighty-four years, and 
th.e mother in 1889, when eighty-two years old. 
Both were members of the Mennonite Church, and 
their remains were buried in Masonville, Lancaster 
county. To Isaac and Anna (Hess) Kaufman was 
born a family of ten children, viz. : John, a farm- 
er of Manor township ; Elizabeth, deceased wife of 
David Eshleman; Rudolph, of JManor township; 
Isaac H., whose name heads this sketch ; Edward, 
of Lancaster township ; Catherine, wife of Benjamin 
Witmer, of Millersville ; Amos, a farmer of Martic- 
ville ; Jacob and Daniel, deceased ; and Anna, widow 
of Abraham Taylor, late of Millersville. 

Isaac H. Kaufman lived on the home farm until 
1870, wdien ho moved to ^Mountville and engaged in • 
tobacco trade. Pie was the owner of three large 
farms, which he had cultivated by hired help, and 
he built, in 1868, the first tobacco warehouse in his 
neighborhood. On locating in Mountville he erect- 
ed the brick mansion now occupied by his family. 
He was one of the leading business men of the coun- 
ty, was progressive in all things and retrograde 
in nothing; was a director in the Columbia Na- 
tional Bank for many years, or until the Mount- 
ville Bank was organized, when he became president 
of the latter, and held that position until within a 
few }'ears of his death, when he resigned to become 
a director. 

Isaac H. Kaufman was joined in matrimony in 
185S, in Lancaster City, with Fanny Herr, and to 
this union was born the following family : Uriah 
H., a merchant of Mountville; Anna M., wife of 
Christ Garher, a farmer of Mountville ; Adeline, wife 
of Joseph Charles, farmer of Manor township ; Cath- 
erine, who died young; Henry, a railroad conductor 
in Philadelphia ; and Frances, wife of John Musser, 
a retired farmer of Mountville. 

Mrs. Fanny (Herr) Kaufman is a native of 
Manor township and a daughter of Henry and Cath- 
erine (Plerr) Herr, of Manor township, where the 




father wns a farmer and died in 1885, at eighty- four 
vcars of age, and where the mother died in 1868, 
when fift3'-nine years old. Both belonged to the 
German Baptist Brethren; To Henry and Cath- 
erine Kerr was born the following family : Tobias, 
a retired farmer of Manor township, and a minister 
of the German Baptist Brethren ; Mary, widow of 
Martin Bair, of Illinois ; Henry, a farmer of ]\lanor 
township, Lancaster county. Pa. ; Martha, w'lic of 
Nicliolas Baker, of Sterling, 111. ; Amos, of Neflsville, 
Pa., and a farmer : Fanny, now Mrs. Kaufman ; 
Abraham E., a farmer of Petersburg; Catherine, who 
died young; and Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Good, a re- 
tired farmer of Lancaster, and Christian, a tobacco 
merchant of the same city. The paternal grandpar- 
ents of Mrs. Kaufman were Christian and Mary 
Ilerr, and her maternal grandparents were Abraham 
and Catherine (Brandt) Plerr — both families farm- 
ing people of Manor township, and none better 
known or more highly respected in the county. 

FRANK W. HELM, a merchant of New Prov- 
idence, is one of the leading citizens of Providence 
township and one of its most successful business 
men. He was born in Strasburg township Dec. 9, 
1842, son of Daniel and Anna (Hoak) Helm, of 
New Providence, where the latter died in 1848. 

Daniel Helm, the father of Frank W., is a re- 
tired farmer of Providence, and a son of John Helm, 
also a farmer, who was a son of John ; tliis great- 
grandfather came of German parentage and fol- 
lowed the trade of shoemaker in this locality for 
many years. Daniel Plelm married (first), in 1838, 
Anna PToak, and the children of this union were as 
follows: John H... a resident of Iowa; Frank W. ; 
Amos H., a physician of New Providence ; and Mary, 
who resides with her aged father. After the death of 
his first wife, in 1848, Daniel Helm married Miss 
Susan Eckman, of Strasburg township, and to this 
union were born the following children : Daniel 
E.,- a merchant of East Drumore township ; Enos 
M., of New Cumberland, Pa. ; J. Calvin, of Steel- 
ton, Pa. ; Charles E., a physician of Bart township ; 
Elmer E., in Lancaster ; Thaddeus G., A. M., princi- 
pal in Franklin-lMarshall Academy, in Lancaster ; 
and Rufus D., of .Seattle, Washington. 

Frank W. Helm was reared on the farm and 
attended the public schools. At the age of seven- 
teen, in tS;>:i, :ic became a clerk in the employ of 
J. Hilderbrand, in New Providence, and later he 
was connected in the same capacity with John 
Tweed and Dr. Raub, entering into a partnership 
with the latter. Upon the death of Dr. Raub the 
firm name became Helm & Peoples, continuing thus 
for a period of five years, changing then to Helm 
& Raub, and again, five _\'ears after, to Helm & Bro., 
this partnership lasting until Frank \\'. Helm bought 
his brother's interest and took his son into the busi- 
ness. The firm now stands F. W. Helm & Son, and 
is a leader in its line in this locality, trusted in the 
trade and enjoying the patronage of the general pub- 

lic. The foundation stone of the success of this 
firm has been business integrity, and the same meth- 
ods regulate its conduct now that have been in opera- 
tion ever since Mr. Helm assumed charge. In 1863 
Mr. Helm was made postmaster of New Providence, 
and has been the incumbent ever since, with the ex- 
ception of the years of the administration of Presi- 
dent Cleveland. He has always enjoyed the confi- 
dence of his fellow citizens and has for twenty-six 
years served his townaliip as auditor, a post he is at 
present filling. Under the organization of the 
Quarryville National Bank, in 1883, j\lr. Helm was 
one of the directors ; after the death of President 
Hensel he was elected to that responsible position, 
and since that time the financial condition of this in- 
stitution has commanded commendation and its posi- 
tion as a safe repository is well known. 

In politics Mr. Helm is a stanch Republican, and 
wields considerable influence in his part of the coun- 
ty. He belongs to the Reformed Church, is its cfiR- 
cient Sunday-school superintendent and one of its 
honored elders. 

On Sept. 18, 1867, Mr. Helm was married to 
Miss Emma Lefever, of Quarryville, daughter of 
Christian and Susan Lefever, and to this union four 
children were born, namely: Justus C, who mar- 
ried Miss Minnie Peters, of Quarryville, and is 
associated with his father in the mercantile business 
in New Providence ; Susan Catherine, the wife of 
Dr. B. F. VVentz, of Philadelphia ; E. Blanche, the 
wife of William Fisher, of Quarryville. a saddler; 
and Pauline, a young lady at home. Although Mr. 
Helm is now one of the substantial men of his 
township, he began his business career with limited 
means, but having always closely applied himself to 
his business, saved his money and won his friends by 
honesty, industry and courtesy, he is now reaping 
the reward and enjoying the esteem of his fellow 
citizens and the comforts assured by ample means. 
His charities have been large and his kind treat- 
ment of others well-known, Avhile his example has 
been of value, showing the power of an exemplarv 

HENRY S. BRUBAKER, a retired farmer of 
Rapho township, was born there July 2, 1836, son 
of Peter and ]\Iary (Strickler) Brubaker, of the same 

Peter Brubaker, the father, died Feb. 9, 1851, 
aged fifty years, and the mother died in 1874 at the 
age of sixty-six years. They are buried in the Eriss- 
mans Church cemetery, to which place their remains 
were removed from the old Brubaker homestead in 
Rapho township. The mother was a member of the 
Mennonite Church. There were born to this union: 
Abraham, who married Susan Miller of Rapho 
township and died in 1S89; and Henry S. J\Ir. Bru- 
baker's grandparents were Abraham and Maria 
(Erissman) Brubaker, of Rapho, Lancaster county, 
both of whom died on the old homestead. Abraham. 
Brubaker, son of Jacob, was of Swiss stock. On his 




mother's side Mr. Brubaker's grandparents were 
Abraham and Maria (Hostetter) Strickler, of Lan- 
caster county, the family being; of Swiss origin. 
Abraham Strickler was the son of Ulrich Strickler. 

On JNIay 6, i860, Henry S. Brubakcr married 
Anna Bruliaker of Lancaster. There were born 
to this marriage: Benjamin F., who resides with his 
father, is married to .Miss Alacie Noll and has four 
cliildren ; Peter .S., a farmer of Rapho township, 
married to Miss Katie Keener, and a preacher in 
the Zion's Children (Brinser) denomination; Elmer 
E., of Petersburg, Pa., married to Miss Louisa 
Ereneman ; Henry A., farmer of Rapho township, 
who married Aliss Fanny Ginder and has three chil- 
dren ; and Abraham G., single, at home. Airs. Bru- 
baker was born in Rapho township and died in 1895 
at the age of fifty-five years. She is buried in Eriss- 
man Meeting House cem.etery. She was the daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Alaria Brubaker of Rapho 
township. The family are members of the Menno- 
nite church. 

Mr. Brubaker owns three farms, all of which 
are valuable and highly improved. He is a shrewd, 
wide-awake man, thoroughly up with the times and a 
close student of events. He is highly respected as 
a citizen and is always ready to lend a helping hand 
to any improvement for the advancement of the com- 
munity in which he resides. 

REV. EMIL MEISTER, the honored and be- 
loved pastor of St. Stephen's Lutheran Church, 
Lancaster, is one of the foremost clergymen of the 
city, and is as prominent in social and educational 
\\-ork as he is in the church. 

Mr. Meister was born in Freiburg, Baden, Ger- 
many, May 18, 1850. a son of Samuel E. and Bar- 
bara Meister, natives of the same grand duchy, 
where the father was a silk merchant in Freiburg 
until 1854, when he emigrated to Switzerland. Both 
Samuel E. Meister and his wife entered into rest 
years ago, faithful to the faith of Luther. Rev. 
Emil Meister spent his boyhood days in Switzer- 
land, and his literary and classical education was 
pursued in the Polytechnical College of Zurich, and 
the University of Heidelberg, from which he was 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 
1S68. For some two years after graduating he was 
engaged in business with his father, and came to 
this country to settle at Reading, where for a time 
he was connected with the Pilger Publishing House, 
and was engaged as editor of the Kutztown Journal. 
In 1872 Mr. Meister removed to Baltimore, as one 
of the publishers of the Baltimore Daily Weaker, 
the only Republican daily paper in the State of 
Maryland. In 1875 he again took up the study of 
theolog}-, gratifying a long cherished ambition to 
devote himself to the ministry. He was ordained 
by the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Maryland 
in May, 1880, and his first pastoral charge was the 
First Evangelical Church of Baltimore. In August, 
1880, he received a call to St. Stephen's Church, 

in Lancaster, which he accepted, and. at once began 
a work which has been creditable and successful. 

St. Stephen's Church was organized in 1874, and 
the erection of a building was begun, which, how- 
ever, was not completed for some time, the services 
being held in the lecture room. This was the con- 
dition of afifairs that greeted the young pastor on his 
arrival in 1880. His inspiring services put heart 
into the congregation, and the church was pushed 
to completion and dedicated the following spring. 
Later on a fine pipe organ was placed in the church. 
The building is 49x75 feet in dimensions, and 172 
feet to the top of the steeple. From a mere handful 
of people that received Mr. Meister, the congrega- 
tion has grown to four hundred members, and is 
to-day one of the most influential in the city, the 
Sunday-school also being correspondingly increased. 
The parsonage of St. Stephen's Lutheran Church, 
at Xo. 44.5 West Orange street, which is used as 
family residence only, is one of the finest in the 

In January of this year (1903) Rev. Air. Aleister 
gave out a contract for a new church and parsonage 
at the corner of Ross and Ann streets, a new section 
of the growing city of Lancaster. This new church 
will be St. Matthew's Lutheran Church, and when 
finished will be a mission of St. Stephen's Church, 
and also under the auspices of Rev. Air. Aleister. 

In 1871 Rev. Emil Aleister was married in Read- 
ing to Miss Amelia Kleinschmidt, a native of Prus- 
sia. Of this union four children were born: (i) 
Wilhelmina died in Lancaster in 18S6, at the age 
of eleven years, and was buried in the family bury- 
ing-ground in Reading. (2) Catherine is second in 
the order of birth. (3) Samuel 11., after graduat- 
ing in pharmacy, purchased goods and opened a 
drug store on West King and Alulberry streets, Lan- 
caster, in 1S88, and two years later bought a second 
drug store at tlie corner of West Chestnut and Alary 
streets, conducting both with marked success. He 
was married July 15, 1900, to Aliss Gertrude Wit- 
mer, who belongs to a prominent family in Para- 
dise township. (4'> Alary, who graduated from the 
Lancaster high school in 1895, and later from the 
State Normal at Alillersville, is a popular teacher 
of one of the Lancaster city schools. 

In 1894 Rev. Air. Aleister was elected a mem- 
ber of the board of school directors of Lancaster, 
and soon made his influence felt as he did in the 
church, having served on the Visiting, Night School 
and School Laws committees. Rev. Aleister is a 
prominent Alasijn, and is a member of the Linnean 
Society, of Lancaster. 

With all his labors of debt raising and church 
expansion in his parish Rev. Air. Aleister has found 
time to do a large amoimt of literary work. Pie is 
the publisher of St. Stephen's Church Messenger, 
and of a monthly magazine called the Family 
Friend. Clear and concise in his utterances, grace- 
ful in diction, and endowed with fine powers of ora- 
tory, Mr. Meister is exceedingly popular as a min- 




ister, lecturer and pulpit orator. His illustrated lec- 
tures on "Ben Hur" and on "The Great National 
Tragedy and Death of President William McKin- 
ky" won popular favor to a marked degree. No 
church in Lancaster holds more closely the affec- 
tions of the community. Air. JMcister is an indefatig- 
able worker, and his work is far-reaching. Great in- 
deed have been his labors in the city, and hosts of 
friends and admirers express ardent hope that he 
may long be spared to enjoy the fruits of his ef- 

GEORGE LEFEVER. Prominently identified 
with the fanning and dairy interests of Lancaster 
county, and more particularly with those of Eden 
township, is George Lefever. 

Mr. Lefever was born in this county, in West 
Lampeter township, Sept. 15, 1839, '^"'^1 '"''^ parents 
were George and Christianna (Forry) Lefever, both 
of whom were born in this county, the former in 
January, 1803, and the latter in 1805. George Le- 
fever, the father, was a son of Jacob and Catherine 
(Meek) Lefever, both of whom were born in Lan- 
caster county, although their ancestry was French 
Huguenot. Grandfather Jacob Lefever v>-as a son' 
of Isaac Lefever, the founder of the American 
branch of the family and a Revolutionar,.- hero. A 
family of seven children was left by Jacob Lefever, 
and George was the eldest of the children ; the others 
were as follows : (2) Jacob, who moved in his youth 
to Wayne county, Ohio, and there reared a family ; 
(3) Elizabeth, married to Daniel Lefever, who settled 
in Quarryville and died there, leaving a family of 
four children ; Catherine, who married Daniel D. 
Hess, of Quarryville; Lydia, deceased wife of Ben- 
jamin \Mtmer; Samuel, deceased; and Anna, wife 
of Henry Lefever, of West Drumore ; (4) Philip, 
who was born in Lampeter township, married, and at 
death left these children, — Adam, who is a resident 
of Sterling, 111. ; Emma, the widow of Jacob Mow- 
rer, deceased ; John, who lives in West Lampeter 
township ; Edniund, also a resident of West Lam- 
peter ; and Elizabeth, who married Samuel Shultz, 
of Nebraska; (5) Katie, who died unmarried; (6) 
.Samuel, who is one of the esteemed residents of this 
county, having reached the age of eighty-four years ; 
(7) Lydia. deceased, -who married John Houser, of 
West Lampeter township. 

George Lefever (i) after his father's death set- 
tled on the original family homestead, this property 
being left him by his father. His life was a quiet, 
uneventful one, engaged in agricultural pursuits, and 
he lived there until his death, in 1R86, his wife hav- 
ing died two years previously. Both were worthy 
and consistent members of the Old r.Iennonite 
Church, were upright. Christian people, and prac- 
ticed in their daily walk and conversation the prin- 
ciples they professed. 

Mr. Lefever in his early days was a pronounced 
Whig, but later embraced the principles of the Re- 
publican party, and was always interested in its suc- 

cess. Nine of the children of Mr. and Airs. Lefever 
grew to maturity, of whom George was the fifth. 
Jacob, who was the eldest, was born in the old home 
in Lampeter in 1825, is unmarried, and resides in 
the old homestead. Katie, born in 1828, was the 
wife of Martin Cassel, of Lampeter ; she left no fam- 
ily at her death. Susan, born at the old home, in 
1830, was the wife of Henry Hess, of St. Louis, 
Missouri, and left at her decease three daughters : 
Susanna, who is now Mrs. Smith, of St. Louis ; 
Mary; and Christiana. Alary A., born in 1833, is 
unmarried and resides on the old homestead. Lydia, 
born in 1840, is the widow of George Fralick, of 
Strasburg, and she now resides at the old home- 
stead, her one son, Jacob, being a resident of Dixon, 
111. Samuel, born in 1843, married Aliss Sarah 
Rhinehart for his first wife, who left at her death 
these children : Alary, who is the wife of Jacob 
Dagen ; Emma, who resides at home; and Lydia, 
who is the wife of Mr. Goss, of Conestoga township. 
The second marriage of Samuel Lefever was to 
Emma Lefever; their home is in Pequea township, 
and the two children born of this union are Jacob 
and Samuel. The eighth survivor was Christian, 
who was born in T.S'^y and who married AUss Alat- 
tie Rhinehart ; they reside on his farm near Stras- 
burg, and their children are: John; Jacob; Eliza- 
beth, who is the wife of Air. Stauffer, of this coun- 
ty ; and Christian. Jr. Henrv. who was born in 
1850, married Miss .Salinda Charles and they set- 
tled near the old homestead, in Lampeter township ; 
their four children are George, Katie, Harry and 

George Lefever, of this biogra])hy, was the fifth 
in order of birth in his parents' family ; he was 
reared on the old farm and obtained his education 
in the district schools of the township. While still 
a youth he demonstrated his loyalty to his country 
by offering his life in her defense, enlisting in Co. 
G, 122nd P. V. I., under Capt. Neff, of Lancaster 
countv, and being sent to the Army of the Potomac. 
Mr. Lefever participated in many of the hardest 
fought battles of the war, took part in the struggle 
at Fredericksburg, was with Gen. Burnside when 
misfortune overtook that division of the army, later 
was at Chancellorsville, and was one of the escort 
which accompanied the brave Alajor-General Whip- 
ple to his last resting place after his soldier's death 
at Chancellorsville. 

After the close of the war Air. Lefever returned 
to his home, engaged in farming, literally turning 
his sword into a pruning hook, and became just as 
good a farmer as he had been soldier. In 1S63 he 
was united in marriage to Aliss Susanna Weaver, 
the estimable and amiable daughter of Isaac and 
Alary Weaver, this family being one of the old and 
leading ones of the county. Airs. Lefever was born 
in Strasburg township, in 1840, and was educated 
in the common schools in her district. 

After marriage Air. Lefever purchased the David 
Eckman farm, near Quarryville, and on this valu- 



able property he has continued ever since. His im- 
pro^'eme^ts are all modern and substantial, consist- 
ing of a fine residence, commodious barns and out- 
buildings, the whole presenting a most attractive 
and inviting appearance, and in this pleasant home 
hospitality reigns supreme. To Mr. Lefever and 
his wife eleven children have been born, and all of 
these testify to fine constitutions given them by their 
parents, together with gifts of mind and character. 
Phares Sherman, born in 1S64, moved to Sterling, 
111., when a young man and there married Miss Liz- 
zie Fry, formerly of this county ; they reside on a 
farm near that city, their children being Noah and 
Ruth. Elmer E., born in ]u\y, 1865, also located in 
Sterling, where he married Miss Ida Andrews, and 
is there conducting a grocery and bakery business ; 
their three daughters are Anna, May and Hazel. 
Leandcr L., born in 1868, married ATiss Fannie 
Ebersole, of Franklin county. Pa., and they reside in 
Prairieville, 111., on his fine farm, with their five chil- 
dren, ^Minnie, George, Mary E., Leroy and a baby. 
Thaddeus S., born in November, 1870, married Miss 
Maggie Detweiler, of Bucks county, and they reside 
on his farm near Sterling, 111., their two children 
being Ella and a baby. ^lary E., born in August, 
1869, is the wife of Howard S. Knox, and they now 
reside in Paradise township ; their five children are 
Minnie F., Elizabeth. Herbert, George and Reba. 
Minnie L., born in January. 1S72, married Harry 
Bair, a merchant of New Providence township, and 
their one son is John M. George M., born in May, 
1873, married Miss Barbara Groff, of Quarryville, 
and they reside in Sterling, III., they liave three 
children, — Bertha, Martha and a baby. Jacob G., 
born in January, 1875, during his earlv manhood 
spent four years in the State of Illinois and the 
Dakotas, but in 1899 returned to Lancaster county 
and assists his father in the management of the home 
farm. Annie L.. born in August, 1876, married 
Frank Beane, of Lancaster county, a telegraph op- 
erator on the Pennsylvania Railroad, and has had 
two children, — George and Paul. Plarry I^I., born 
in January, 1878, is single and resides in Sterling, 
111.; and .Samuel B., born in September, 1S79, is also 
a resident of Illinois. 

Politically Mr. Lefever, of this sketch, has al- 
ways been identified with the Republican party, but 
has refused every official position except that con- 
nected with the board of Education, for five years 
being a very efficient member. The religious con- 
nection of the family is with the Baptist Church, in 
which he and his wife are held in the highest es- 
teem, attending and supporting the church in Cole- 
rain township. 

Mr. Lefever is a verv prominent men.bcr of the 
Bircley Post, No. 511, G'. A. R., of Quarryville, and 
he was a delegate to the Gettysburg Encampment 
of June, 1901. It is most interesting and edifying 
to trace the successful career of such a man, and to 
note the sure rewards that come to repay honestv, 
industry and close and unremitting attention to 

duty. Mr. Lefever started out in life with limited 
means and left his early opportunities in order to 
serve his country, but he has reared a large family 
in comfort, educating them so that they in turn 
have become worthy and respected citizens ; and he 
still stands before his old friends of a life-time as 
one of the straightforward, honest and upright mem- 
bers of the community, whose life has been estimable 
in every particular. His charities have been many, 
and there are few of his neighbors who have not re- 
ceived some mark of kindness at his hands. Duty * 
has been with him a watchword, whether on the field ■i 
of battle or in the quieter walks of life. '| 

CHARLES HAYS, one of the leading and in- 
fluential citizens of White Rock, Little Britain town- 
ship, Lancaster Co., Pa., was born Jan. 16, 1830, a 
son of John and Margaret (Clendenin) Hays, of 
Little Britain township. 

John Hays was born in Ireland, and was broughi 
to America when six years of age, by his parents, 
John and Catherine Hays, and tKe family settled in 
Little Britain township one hundred years ago. t 

John Hays, Jr., father of Charles Hays, had two , I 
brothers, William and Charles. The marriage of | 
John Hays Jr., occurred in .1814, and nine children f 
were the result of this union Catherine, born June ' i 
10 1815; Aviary, Sept. 21, 1817; William, Jan. 2, \ 
1820; John, Feb. 28, 1822; Wallace, June 2, 1S24; 
Jemima, June 12, 1827; Charles, Jan. r6, 1830; 
James, July 27, 1S32 ; Margaret, Feb. 22, 1836, all ot t 

whom are now deceased, except Charles, and Mar- \ 

garet, now of Britain township. John Hays Jr., the 
father of this family, v.'as one of the leaders in the 
Democratic party, and an earnest member of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

The early life of Mr. Hays was spent upon his 
father's farm and he received his education in the 
district schools, with one year at Lebanon Acad- 
emy. Starting out as a poor boy, he gradually 
worked his way up the ladder of fortune and is now 
the owner of a fine farm of T35 acres, upon which 
is a comfortable frame residence and all neccessary 
buildings. After an active life, Mr. Hays in now 
retired and is enjoying a well earned rest. 

On Dec. 3, 1874, Mr. Hays married Miss Lavinia 
Pennell, of Britain township, a daughter of John and 
Rebecca (Brown) Pennell, of Britain township, who 
are numbered among the leading settlers of this 
locality (see sketch of John J. Pennell elsewhere). 
Mrs. Hays was one in a family of nine children: 
Elizabeth, now the widow of John P. Hays, of Ox- 
ford. Pa. ; Mary Ann. widow of James Patterson, of 
Illinois ; William, a retired fanner of Little Britain 
township ; Rebecca, deceased ; Margaret, deceased ; 
Lavinia; John J., a thrifty farmer of Little Britain 
township (see his sketch elsewhere) ; Amanda and 
James, deceased. The grandparents of Mrs. Hays, 
William and Elizabeth Pennell, came from Dela- 
ware county. Pa., to this township about 1775- 

Three children have been born to Mr. anil I\lrs. 



Hays ; Katharine Elizabeth, Mary C. and John C. 
Katharine EHzabeth and Mary C. were graduated 
from the Westchester Normal' and are successful 
teachers in Lancaster county. John C, the youngest 
in the family, in charge of the home farm, received 
his education in the \\'est Nottingham Academy of 

In politics, Mr. Hays is a staunch Democrat, and 
faithfully served his constituents as school director 
for many years. Socially, he is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, being connected with Lodge No. 
353 of Oxford, Pa., and he and his family arc mem- 
bers of the Union Presbyterian Church of Colerain 
township. The unqualified success which has at- 
tended his efforts is due to his ability, thrift and un- 
tiring industry, for he never neglected an opportun- 
ity to advance his own interests, when sucii an op- 
portunity was an honorable one ; while his upright 
manner of doing business, has gained for him the 
respect of his neighbors, as well as of all with whom 
he had dealings. 

JOSEPH WACKER, a retired citizen of Lan- 
caster, has been a resident of that city for half a cen- 
tury, and no man stands higher in the estimation of 
his fellow men, either for personal character or for 
business integrity. He is a native of Germany, born 
Dec. 23, 1830, in Wurtemberg, where his parents, 
Michael and l\Iary \\'acker, were also born, and 
where they passed their entire lives. The father and 
mother both died in 1S74. Michael Wacker was a 
farmer, and followed that occupation throughout 
life. Besides Joseph but one of the family survives, 
Joanna, Mrs. Ountrup, of Philadelphia. 

Joseph Wacker received a good education in his 
native land, attending the public schools until he 
was fourteen }'ears old, after which he served an ap- 
prenticeship to the baker's trade, which he' learned 
thoroughly. He followed his trade as a journey- 
man in Germany until 1849, on Aug. 14th of that 
year embarking for the LTnited States. On the day 
after his arrival in New York he obtained work at 
his trade, but about six months afterward he was 
taken sick, and was advised by his physician to give 
up the baking business. He proceeded to Philadel- 
phia, but not finding suitable employment, deter- 
mined to journey to Lancaster, and he walked all 
the way, covering the entire distance, sixty-eight 
miles, in one day.( Though a perfect stranger in the 
city, he immediately commenced the search for em- 
ployment, and was fortunate enough to find work 
within a few days, engaging with Jacob Bossier, 
who conducted a farm about four miles from town. 
After two years in this employ he changed to the 
Flinn farm, where he remained one year, and the 
next summer he worked in a brickyard. In the win- 
ter of 1852 he was employed in Whitlingcr's brew- 
ery, in Lancaster, where he remained two years, and 
the following year he was in the Springer bottling 
works. He and a Mr. Kiehl then purchased this 
business, which they conducted in partnership for 

ten years, under the firm name of Kiehl & Wacker. 
At the expiration of this period Mr. Wacker dis- 
posed of his interest to his partner and bought the 
Whitlinger brewery, situated on West King street, 
which he sold, however, a year later. After living 
retired for a year, Mr. \\^acker began the brewery 
business on West King street again, and continued 
there for two years, when he exchanged his house 
and brewery on West King street for the "County 
Hotel," which he conducted two years. He then 
purchased the Eagle brewery from Jacob Sprengcr, 
and carried on the business until 1880, in which year 
he turned it over to his sons Charles and Joseph, 
who are still running it. Mr. Wacker has since 
lived retired, enjoying the rest he so well deserves 
and the competence he won by persistent and well- 
directed energy during his active years. 

On April 22, 1S55, in Lancaster, Mr. Wacker 
was married to IMary Dettlinger, also a native of 
Wurtemberg, Germany, and six children have 
blessed their union, viz. : Charles V., Joseph, 
Frank, yVnthony, William and Mary. The family 
arc Catholics, and ISIr. Wacker and his wife attend 
St. Joseph's Church. 

DA\'ID E. MAYER. The Alayer family in 
Lancaster county. Pa., to which David E. Mayer 
belonged, was established many years ago, by grand- 
father Christian Mayer, an honest, industrious 
blacksmith, who followed his trade through life, 
and amassed a competency for old age. He married 
one of the modest young maidens of the Reformed 
Mennonite faith, Alary Miller, by name, belonging 
to a family of substance in the neighborhood, and 
they reared a family of seven children : Isaac, the 
father of David E. ; Jacob ; John ; David : Nathaniel ; 
Leah, who married i\braham Herr ; Ilettie, who 
-married John Hildebrand. 

Isaac Mayer was born in West Lampeter town- 
ship and learned the tanning business, but this vo- 
cation seemed injurious to his health and he later 
began farming, becoming a prominent man in the 
neighborhood, and serving many years on the school 
board. He married Mary Hoover, a daughter of 
David Hoover, of Strasburg township, and three 
children were born to them : David E. ; Isaac H., a 
physician of Willowstreet ; and Christian, the eldest, 
who died in infancy. Both parents were worthy 
members of the Old Mennonite Church. 

David E. Mayer was born in West Lampeter 
township, Aug. 4, 1838, a son of Isaac and Mary 
(Hoover) Ma)-er, was reared on the farm and re- 
ceived his education in the public schools, in which 
he ever after took a deep interest. David remained 
at home with his parents until the death of his 
father, in 1871, when it became more than ever 
necessary for him to stay and he took charge at this 
time of the homestead and his mother's affairs, en- 
gaging extensivelv in farming, and also in trucking, 
the proximity to large cities making this a very re- 
munerative line of agriculture. 



Intelligent from his youth, and fond of reading 
and of mingling with his fellow-citizens, David E. 
Mayer early became recognized as somewhat of a 
leader in the public affairs of his locality. A pro- 
nounced Republican, he also became the representa- 
tive of the party in many ways. After serving efii- 
ciently on the election board, he was made supervisor 
and faithfully performed the duties of that office for 
seven years and was then made a member of the 
school board, which he as conscientiously served for 
the long term of eighteen years. In March, 1894, 
he was appointed to fill a vacancy on the board of 
county commissioners, this honor coming to him 
unsolicited ; at the expiration of the term he was 
elected to the position, being subsequently re-elected, 
and in this position he continued to manage the 
affairs of Lancaster county with economy and good 
judgment until his death. 

David E. Mayer married April 29, 1S97, Mary 
A. Shaub, a daughter of Benjamin and Susan 
(Wade) Shaub, a most estimable lady, and a mem- 
ber of tlie M. E. Church. In 1900 their comfortable 
residence was refitted and is one of the most desir- 
able modern homes in Strasburg. Davi.! E. Mayer 
was one of the representative citizens and possessed 
in a marked degree the confidence and esteem of 
his fellow-citizens. He died Sept. 12, 1901, and 
was laid to rest with his people in the Old Mennon- 
ite cemetery at the church west of Strasburg. 

ELI B. FOWL, one of the prosperous citizens 
of Lancaster, where he is engaged in the livery 
business, was born near Neffsville, April 2, 1S54, a 
son of Isaac and Barbara (Buckwalter) Fowl, both 
natives of Lancaster county. 

Isaac Fowl was a farmer by occupation in early 
life, but in 1864 he moved to Lancaster, and there 
at first operated a hotel. While he was successful- 
in his new work, it did not prove congenial to his 
tastes and he sold out, and engaged in the livery 
business, beginning on a sm.all scale and gradually 
increasing until he was the proprietor of one of the 
best stables in the county. In 1866 he built the 
stable and located where his son is nov/ engaged. 
He continued to take an active part in business until 
October, 1884, when he sold out to his son, and 
retired. His death occurred in April, 1885. In 
politics he was a Republican, and in religion a 
Mennonite. His wife, Barbara (Buckwalter) was 
the daughter of a farmer, and previous to her mar- 
riage with Mr. Fowl, had been married to Mr. 
Leman. By her last marriage she became the 
mother of two children, of whom Eli B. is the 

Eli B. Fowl was reared and educated in Lan- 
caster. Always a companion and associate of his 
father, he gradually grew into the business, and 
when his father began to step aside he assumed full 
control, practically being manager for the last ten 
years of the latter's life. His livery stable is 60x96 
feet in size and three stories high, and is provided 

with an electric elevator. It is located at No. 14 
East Walnut street, and his residence is next door. 
Everything about his establishment is first-class, 
and he is able to supply at least thirty handsome 
rigs, fifteen hacks and three hearses — a most credi- 
table showing. 

In August, 1878, Mr. Fowl was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Alice C. Henry, who was born in 
Lancaster, a daughter of ]\Ir. and ]\Irs. Benjamin 
Henry. Two children have come to brighten their 
home, Isaac Benjamin and Theodore Franklin, 
Socially Mr. Fowl belongs to the I. O. O. F., being 
a charter member of Herschel Lodge, and he also 
belongs to the Knights of iMalta. He and his 
family belong to the M. E. church. In his political 
views he follows in the footsteps of liis father, and 
is an earnest worker in the ranks of the Republican 

JOHN N. EBY, a retired farmer of Leacock 
townshi]:), was born Oct. 7, 1S41, on the old Eby 
homestead, which was acquired from Jeremiah Job 
in 1767. 

The Eby family has a history in Lancaster 
county that begins with the coming of Tlieodorus 
Eby from Switzerland, in 1715, and his settlement 
in Earl township, Lancaster county, where he built 
a mill on Mill Creek, and engaged in the milling 
and farming business the rest of his life. Theodorus 
Eby was the great-grcat-grcat-grandfather of John 
N., whose name appears above. Jacob Eby was bis 
son, and Abraham Eby, his son, was the great- 
grandfather of John N. Eby. Abraham Eby was 
born in 1735 and died Jan. 8, 1815. Jolm Eby, the 
grandfather of John N., was born Sei,)t. 7. 1758. and 
died Nov. 2, 1842. He married Fannie Bare, who 
was born in Upper Leacock township, and died in 
April, 1842, at the age of eighty 3'ears, lacking nine 
days. They were the parents of Abraham, Cath- 
erine, Barbara, Elizabeth, Mary and John, the father 
of John N. All the progenitors of John N. were 
buried in the private cemeterv on the Eby home- 
stead, with the exception of Theoclorus and Jacob. 
John N. Ebv is planning to erect a monument in the 
Eby cemeterv, a memorial stone weighing about 
eight tons, and having cut on it the Eby descent 
from Tlieodorus down to the present day. 

John Eby, the father of John N., was born Dec. 
20, 1800, in Upper Leacock township ; he married 
Elizabeth Neff, who was born in East Lampeter 
township, Dec. 24, 1815, and died Feb. 15, 1894. 
His death occurred Jan. 27, 1864. Born to this 
union were the following: Reuben N., who married 
Louisa AVengcr, liad a family of six children and 
died in 18S1 ; John N. ; Aaron N., a retired farmer 
of Bareville, now residing in Lancaster, and married 
to Elmina Graybill, by whom he has had three chil- 

The maternal grandparents of John N. Eby were 
Martin and Leah (Eby) Neff, farming people of 
Soudersburg, Fennsvlvania. 




Jolin N. Eby A\nas married in Leacock township, 
June 2, 189S., to Ilkliss Clara F. Sanders, nnd one 
child, Jay Victor, has come to bless their union. 

Mrs. Clara F, (Sanders) Eby was born in Slack- 
water, Lancaster county, and is a daiig;hter of 
Julius and Catlierine (Smith) Sanders. Her father 
was born in Saxony, Germany, and her mother 
in Lancaster connty. He came to this country at 
the age of eighteen years, and served three years 
in the Union Army during the war of the Rebel- 
lion. His trade was that of a cabinet maker, and he 
became verv expert in the making of organs and in 
other labors retjuiring mechanical skill of a high or- 
der. When he died. May i, 1897, he was sixty-two 
years old. His widow, who is living in Lancaster, 
Pa., has had the following children : William, who 
is a resident of Lancaster, Pa. ; ]\lorris, who lives in 
Cochranville, Pa. ; Elizal^eth. who lives at Kissel 
Hill, Pa., married to Samuel Dubbs ; Clara, Mrs. 
Eby, Lula, living in Philadelphia; Pertha, living at 
Kissel Hill ; \^'^alter, deceased. 

John N. Eby remained with his parents as long 
as they lived, and then moved to the farm which he 
occupied until recently. In March, 1902, he re- 
moved to the city of Lancaster, where he now re- 
sides. In political matters he is a Repulilican, and 
is known as a verv intelligent and widelv informed 

honorable and well-esteemed citizens of Little Brit- 
ain township is Bordley S. Patterson, who was born 
on the farm he now occupies, near White Rock, in 
Lancaster county, Sept. 24, 1834. 

The Patterson family is one of the oldest and 
most respected of Lancaster county. The founder 
of the family in this State was James Patterson, who 
was born in County Antrim, Ireland, in 1708, and 
immigrated to America in 1728. Coming to the 
State of Pennsylvania, he bought large tracts of 
land from the Government, and settled down in 
Little Britain township : later he went to New York 
to meet his affianced bride from Ireland, Mary 
Montgomery, whom he brought back with him to 
Pennsvlvania. He reared a family of ten children, 
William, John, Hannah, Marv, Samuel, Jane, Isa- 
bella. James, Elizabeth and Thomas. 

James Patterson (2), son of James, and the 
grandfather of Bordley S. Patterson, was born in 
Little Britain township, Nov. 4, 1745. He married 
Letitia Gardner, and they had these children, Isa- 
bella, Francina. Robert, Marv, Elizabeth, Jane. 
James, Letilia and Rachel, all of whom have passed 
to another life. 

Robert Patterson, son of James (2), and the 
father of Bordley S., was horn March 21, 1787, and 
died Marcli 31, i86t. Lie was first married to a 
Miss Ewing. and the four children born to thismar- 
riage were James, Gardner, Mary and Eliza. The 
second wife of Robert Patterson was Sarah Ship- 
pen, and three children were born to this union; 


Bordley S. ; Francis, deceased ; and Edward B., a 
prosperous merchant in Oxford, Pa., lately removed 
to Philadelphia. During life Robert Patterson was 
not only a large landowner and prosperous farmer 
but he was also a prominent citizen and a leader in 
the Democratic party. Since early days the family 
has been connected with the Presbyterian Church. 

Bordley S. Patterson was born on the. farm he 
now occupies, .Sept. 24, 1834, a son of the late Rob- 
ert and .Sarah (Shijipen) Patterson. This old farm 
has been his home through life, and he still occupies 
the old stone mansion which was erected by his 
grandfather in 1806. So few of these old homes 
remain, in these days of change and mutation, that 
the old Patterson homestead has become an object 
of historic interest, and it is highly valued by its 
owners and occupants. 

In the public schools of his locality Mr. Patter- 
son obtained his early education, going later to the 
Lititz and ]\It. Joy academies. He began an agri- 
cultural life, which he has carried on with success. 
His farm of 135 acres in Little Britain township, 
near White Rock, is one of the best cultivated and 
improved in this locality, his elegant and com- 
modious residence, great barns and attractive sur- 
roundings making it an ideal couiUry home. Mr. 
Patterson is also the owner of a one-half interest in 
a fine estate, comprising 140 acres in Colerain town- 
ship, which is as well managed and as productive 
as the home farm. 

On Oct. O, 1862, was celebrated the marriage of 
Bordley S. Patterson and IMiss Emma r\T. Worth, 
of Chester county. Pa. She was born in 1841, a 
daughter of Samuel A. and Hester (Hoops') Worth, 
both of whom were of English origin. Three chil- 
dren have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Patterson : 
Robert L., who was born in 1864, married Elizabeth 
Colter, and is in business in Oxford, Pa. ; Fred W., 
born in 1867, who married IVIiss Cora Welch, of St. 
Paul, Minn., and is engaged in the tea and coffee 
business in the above named city : and Eliza Ship- 
pen, born in 1874, the wife of Hugh A. Foresman, a 
publisher in Chicago. Illinois. In public, religious 
and social life "Mr. Patterson is a leading citizen of 
Little Britain township. His devotion to the Jef- 
fcrsonian principles of the Democratic party has 
been life-long and he has been active in its councils. 
For seven years Mr. Patterson was the efficient 
township auditor, and he has served with satisfac- 
tion to all as judge and inspector of elections, and 
has not only been selected to serve several times on 
the grand jury of Lrnic;istcr county, of which he has 
been foreman, hut also on the United States jury, 
his rc]iutation as a most honorable and lu'gh-minded 
man making him desirable in responsible positions. 
In 1884 Air. Patterson was elected a director of the 
Northern Mutual Insurance Company, and since 
1893 has been treasurer of the company. 

]\Ir. Patterson is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church in Colerain township, serving faithfully as 
trustee of that institution. A man with the high- 



est standards of integrity, charitable, generous and 
public-spirited, Bordley S. Patterson is a represen- 
tative man of this part of Lancaster county. 

' DANIEL DEXLIXGER was bcrn in Stras- 
burg township. Lancaster county, May 21, 1S17, 
and died July 19, 1SS6. His remains are resting in 
the cemetery connected with Hershey's Meeting 
House in Salisbury township. He was a son of 
Elder Jacob and Mary (Kreider) Denlinger. The 
father was a miller, and was an elder in the Stras- 
burg Mennonite Churcli. 

To Elder and [Mrs. Denlinger were born the fol- 
lowing children : John ; Jacob : Barbara, who was 
twice m.nrried, first to Michael Sensenig, and then to 
David Eshleman ; Plenry K. ; Daniel ; Abram, — all 
of the foregoing being dead ; Isaac, a retired farmer 
of East Lampeter township. 

Daniel Denlinger was married Nov. 5, 1S40, in 
Lancaster, Pa., to Margaret Hershev, by whom he 
Inad the following family : Abram H., who mar- 
ried Mary C. Keneagy and is a retired farmer in 
Paradise township, with a family of eight children ; 
Anna, the widow of John Ranck, having her home 
in Paradise township, where she has one son ; Jacob, 
■who died in infancy ; Mary, married to Jonas Eby, 
in the creamery and tobacco business at Gap, Pa., 
■and the mother of ele\'en children ; Esther, married 
to John Eshleman, a retired farmer of Salisbury 
township, and the mother of ten children ; Eliza- 
beth, of Paradise township, wife of Amaziah Brack- 
bill, and mother of seven children : Daniel, married 
first to Anna Mary Kreider, by whom he had two 
children, and second to Fannie Landis, by whom 
he had five : Margaret, wife of Adam Kreider, a 
farmer of Leacock township, to whom she bore 
eleven children, six of whom are now living. 

Mrs. Margaret Denlinger was born in Salisbury 
township, Jan. 17, 1824, and was a daughter of 
Abraham and Anna (Eby) FIcrshey. Her father, 
who was a farmer, died Jan. 9, 1S44, lacking but 
fifteen days of being fifty-seven years old : his 
"widow survived many years, passing away Feb. 29, 
1896, at the age of ninety-five years, two months 
and fourteen days. They were both buried in 
Flershey's burying ground in Salisbury township. 
They were members of the Mennonite Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Abraham Hershey were the par- 
ents of Margaret and Peter, a retired farmer of 
Leacock township. By a previous ma'^riage with 
Maria Secrist. Mr. Hershey had the following chil- 
dren : Jacob S., deceased : Fronica, who died young. 
The paternal grandparents of Mrs. Dcr/iinger were 
Jacob and Anna Hershey. Jacob Hershey, wlio 
was the son of xA.ndrew Hershey, was porn in Lan- 
caster county. Andrew Flershey was the son of 
Andrew Hershey, who came from Switzerland in 

Daniel Denlinger remained at home with his 
brother Flenry until his marriage, when he began 
farming in Salisbury township, where he was en- 

gaged in the cultivation of the soil until 1S69, when 
he removed to the farm on which the remaining 
vears of his active life were passed. Four years be- 
fore his death he removed to the home in which his 
family are living at the present time. 

\ir. Denlinger was a man of character and 
standing in the community in which he spent his 
honorable and useful life. His widow, who is still 
living, bears up wonderfully well under the pressure 
of years, and is still alert and active. 

SAMUEL HARNER. There are few residents 
of ]\Iartic township more highly esteemed through- 
out its extent than Samuel Harner, a member of one 
of the old and well-known families of I-^ancaster 
county. Samuel Harner is now a citizen of 
Bethesda, Pa., but he was born in Montgomery 
county, Sept. 7, 1826. His parents were Joseph and 
Mary (Slinglufi') Flarner, his grandfather being 
John Flarner, who for m.any years conducted a 
blacksmith business in IMontgomerx- county, and 
was the father of nine children, all of these having 
passed out of life, John, Joseph, Jacob, Daniel, 
Henry, Samuel, Elizabeth, Ann and Susan. 

Joseph Harner, the son of John and the father 
of Samuel, was born in 1790 in Montgomery coun- 
ty, and in early life he was a merchant there. After 
removing to Lancaster county he was engaged in 
farming and lime burning. His death was at the 
age of eighty-eight years. In 1820 he was united 
in marriage to Mary SlinglufF, and their seven chil- 
dren were: John S., of Martic township; George, 
deceased ; .Samuel ; Mary, the wife of Thomas Cully, 
of Martic townsh.ip : Elizabeth, deceased, wife of 
J. Harrison Long, of Drumore township ; Joseph, 
of Martic township ; and Jesse, a retired farmer' of 
Drumore, more extended mention of these promi- 
nent citizens of Lancaster county being found else- 

Like many another young man, Samuel Harner 
began life with limited means, but the application 
of energy and industry has brought a sure result. 
In advanced years he finds himself surrounded by all 
of the comforts of life, and capable of enjoving the 
same, siuTounded by afTectionate relatives and sin- 
cere friends. FIc was married on Jan. 7, 1868, to 
Miss Amanda ^McLaughlin, who was born Dec. 30, 
1S49, a daughter of Joseph and ]\Iartha (Marron) 
McLaughlin ; to this union, on Jan. 17, 1869, was 
born one son,- — George E., who on Oct. i, 1895, 
married Miss Emma Harner, the adopted daughter 
of Joseph Flarner. of Martic township. Three chil- 
dren have been born to this marriage, Florence, 
Virgil and Samuel J. Harner, Jr. Mrs. Amanda 
Harner died April 5, 1902. 

The valuable farm in this township owned by 
Mr. Harner comprises It2 acres of well cultivated 
land, upon which he has placed most excellent im- 
provements. In his political belief Mr. Harner has 
been a life-long Democrat, activclv supporting the 
candidates and measures of Democracy. Although 



not a member of any religfious denomination, Mr. 
Ilarner is reverent in his feelings and liberally con- 
tributes to the Presbyterian Church, to which his 
wife belonged. The family is one which is held in 
high regard in this township as representing the 
best class of honest and honorable citizens. 

SAMUEL J. BEARD, one of the prominent 
farmers of Penn township, belongs to a family which 
has been settled in Pennsylvania for several genera- 
tions. Grandfather Robert Beard came to America 
from Ireland, and resided for a short time in Ches- 
ter county, in this State, moving then into Lancaster 
county, where he resided until his death. By trade 
he was a charcoal burner and this was his occupa- 
tion during life. Five children were born to him 
and his wife : Joseph, who moved to York county 
and died there ; Robert, who became a farmer in 
Dauphin county ; James, the father of Samuel J. ; 
John, who is a farmer in Lebanon county ; and ]Mar- 
garet, who married John Crawford. 

James Beard, the father of Samuel J., was born 
in Lancaster county, about 1795. In early life he 
followed the business of charcoal burning, but later 
purchased the farm where Samuel J. now resides, 
and turned his attention to agriculture until his 
<lcath, in 1847. James Beard married Miss Ellen 
Jones, and they had nine children born to them : 
Martha, deceased wife of Henry Meixell; Mary, the 
widow of Jacob Krall ; Robert, a farmer of Penn 
township ; James, deceased, who lived in Reading ; 
Margaret, unmarried ; Catherine, the wife of David 
Brosey ; Eliza, the widow of Isaac Weachter ; 
Ellen, the widow of Abram Kauffman ; Samuel J., 
the youngest of the family. 

Samuel J. Beard was born in Penn township 
April II, 1835, and was left fatherless at the age 
ef twelve years. Until he was twenty-seven years 
of age he remained with his mother, a kind and duti- 
ful son. ^Ir. Beard received an excellent public 
school education, which was supplemented by one 
term in the Normal school, in Millersville. Possess- 
ing a quick intelligence and a love of study, he soon 
was qualified for teaching, and took charge of his 
first school before he was twenty-one years old. For 
twelve years he acceptably followed this profession. 
In 1866, at the death of his beloved mother, to whom 
he had shown every care, he purchased the old home- 
stead and since that time has given his attention to 
fanning, demonstrating that he is as good a farmer 
as teacher. 

In politics Mr. Beard is a stanch Democrat, and 
has taken a very active interest in the party councils 
in this locality. For fifteen years he served as jus- 
tice of the peace, for five years he was assessor, for 
the same time tax collector, and he served one term 
as school director. 

The marriage of Mr. Beard was to J^Iiss Mar- 
garet Kcath, and to this union was born a family of 
seven children : Mary, the widow of Harry Diehm ; 
Lizzie, the wife of Jacob Moycr; Maggie, the wife 

of Horace Biemesderfer ; Frank, a farmer of Me- 
chanicsville ; John, a farmer at Erbsdalc ; Charles, 
a miller, near Mount Hope ; and Howard, a teacher 
of West Park, in Penn township. 

Mr. Beard has spent a long and useful life in this 
locality, is well known and most highly esteemed. 
He is a leading member of the Lutheran Church, 
one of the elders and one of its most liberal sup- 
porters. ]\Ir. Beard may be justly called a repre- 
sentative man of Penn township. 

JACOB CPIARLES, one of the more prominent 
farmers of Conoy township, Lancaster county, was 
born in Manor township, in the same county, Dec. 
15, 1S41, and is a son of Christ, and Nancy (Funk) 
Charles, both natives of Manor township, where the 
father, who was born June 2, 1S12, is still living. 
The mother, who died in June, iSGo, and was laid to 
rest in the Charles family burying ground in Manor 
township, was, with her husband, a member of the 
jMennonite Church. The following children were 
born to them : Nancy, deceased wife of Abraham 
Bankholder ; Jacob; John, a farmer and one of the 
directors of the Mountville National Bank ; Joseph, 
a farmer in East Donegal township ; Christian, a 
farmer in Rapho township : Abraham, at home with 
his parents ; Plettie, married to Martin Broneman, 
a farmer of Manor township; Anna,' unmarried and 
living at home ; Mary, who married Christ. Frank, 
and is dead. After the death of Mrs. Nancy Charles, 
at Forrey, in i860, Mr. Charles was married a sec- 
ond time. Miss Elizabeth Witmer l^ecoming his wife. 
She died in 1893. John Charles, the paternal grand- 
father of Jacob, married a Aliss Habacker and spent 
his entire life in his native township. Manor. 

Jacob Charles has been twice married, the first 
time Sept. 8, 1867, in Lancaster, wdien Miss Elvina 
S. Harnish became his wife. She was the mother 
of two children : Fanny H., who died young ; and 
Christ. H., who married j\Iary Lip, and is a farmer 
in Conoy township. Mrs. Elvina S. Charles was 
born in 'Manor township in 1S49, and died Jan. 21, 
1872. She was a daughter of Michael and Anna 
(.Schenck) Harnislii both natives of Lancaster 

Mr. Charles was married, for the second time, 
on Nov. II, 1875, in Lancaster, to Miss Lizzie F. 
IMease, by whom he has had the following children, 
all of whom are at home : Amos M., Jacob M. and 
Lizzie E. Mrs. Lizzie F. Charles was born in Man- 
heim township Aug. 16, 1842, aufl is a daughter of 
John and Mary (Frankford) Mease, farmer people 
of Lancaster county, where they died, and were 
buried in Neff's Church cemetery. 

Mr. Charles remained with parents until he 
reached the age of twenty-seven years, when he en- 
gaged in the tillage of a small farm in Manor town- 
ship. In March, 1878, he located on his present 
home, a fine farm of one hundred and nineteen acres, 
a magnificent property, with fine river frontage. He 
also owns an island farm across from his home. 



where he has forty acres of rich tillable land, and 
a farm of sixty-one acres in another part of Conoy 

Mr. Charles is an honorable and upright man, 
whose long and useful life is a story of unwearied 
industry and straightforward and manly dealings. 
In politics he is a Democrat, and in his religion a 
member of the IMennonite Church. His peaceful 
and industrious life, his kindly heart and generous 
spirit have in no wa)' put to shame his religious faith 
and profession. 

modious dwelling at No. 213 East King street is one 
of the finest antl most substantial in all Lancaster, is 
a lineal descendant of two of the oldest families in 
Lancaster county. 

On his mother's side — the Dillers — the family 
is traced to Casper Diller (Deelor, as he wrote it), 
who Hed from Alsace to Holland, going from there 
to England, where he married a lady of English 
birth and then came to America, landing in this 
country in the earlv days of the I'enns, from whom 
he secured a grant for 500 acres of land. He livetl 
to be 100 years old. Isaac Diller, descended from 
Casper Diller, was the grandfather of George D. 
Sprecher, and the latter's grandmother, Susanna 
Roland, was a daughter of Jonathan Rolaml, who 
served in the Revolutionary war. Through the 
Diller connection i\lr. Sprecher was related to 
George Washington, and the family tree is as dis- 
tinguished as it is large. 

On the paternal side j\tr. Sprecher can claim 
a lineage as ancient as that of the Dillers. ( )n 
Oct. 17, 1732, Christopher Sprecher and Hans 
George Sprecher (brothers, and the latter the great- 
great-grandfather of our subject) came to America 
on board the ship "i'ink." On Oct. 17, 1751, Jacob 
Sprecher, of Rotterdam, came to America on the 
ship "Jeanette:" with him came another Hans 
George Sprecher. On Oct. 11, 1752, Joliann Peter 
Sprecher came to America, and on Oct. 18, 1752, 
Jacob Adam Sprecher arrived in the United States 
on the ship "Peggy." The Hans .Sprecher who 
came to this countrv in 1751 settled in New York, 
and the first two Sprechers who came to America 
settled in Lehigh county. Hans George Sprecher, 
the first to come, had a son Phili]:, who settled in 
East Earl township, and was the ancestor of George 
D.^ Sprecher. One of Philip's sons went to Virginia, 
where he settled and reared a family, one of his 
sons being Prof. Sprecher, of California, who has 
three sons who are clergymen. G^'orge D. 
Sprecher's father was an extensive caltie dealer and 
hotel-keeper, and for a time was a farmer. ^Nlr. 
Sprecher's fGeorge D.'s) mother was a great- 
granddaughter of Col. John Huber, a veteran of 
the Revolution, her father having been Isaac Diller, 
a prominent farmer of eastern Lancaster county. 
Eight children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Sprecher, 
only three of whom are living: George D., Will- 

iam D. and Catherine, the latter the widow of the 
late John Reigart, all of Lancaster. 

George D. Sprecher was born l*'eb. 12, 1S21, in 
Earl township, wdicre his father was engaged at 
farming. Receiving a ])artial education in the pub- 
lic schools, young Sprecher came to Lancaster at the 
age of eleven years, and entered the hardware store 
of Gen. Diller, a relative of Mr. Sprecher's mother, 
and who was the founder of Dillerville, this county. 
This was in 1S32. Prom Gen. Diller's store young 
Sprecher entered the employ of Henry W. Giin- 
daker, and eight years later went to the late A. W. 
Russel. In 1844 he became part owner, and later 
sole owner, of a store. In 1854 Mr. Sj^recher tore 
down the old A. W. Russel hardware building, 011 
North Queen street, and erected the large and ele- 
gant building now occupied by Reilly Prothers &. 
Raub. He was continuously in the hardware trade 
from 1S32 to i860, engaged in the slating business 
in 1854, keeping it up — with the hardware business 
— until i860, and from the latter date continuing ex- 
clusively at slating until 18S8, when he retired from 
active business. 

Mr. Sprecher has been the builder and o\vni:>r of 
scores of houses in Lancaster, having built the hand- 
some home he now lives in, in 1847, <^^^ building an 
addition to it in 1850. He is the owner of four large 
tobacco warehouses, two extensive mercantile prop- 
erties on East King street, and other projK'rties. 
Great, indeed, have been the material improveniem> 
he has made to Lancaster, and these, with the rec- 
ord of his long life of integrity, will jjrove enduring 

Mr. Sj'recher married I\liss Caroline Peates, 
daughter of the now sainted Rev. William Beates, 
who was for so many years pastor of Zion's Luther- 
an Church, this cilv, and who, emulating the Divine 
Master, refused to accept the slightest compensa- 
tion for his labors. Pie had a nominal salary of 
$300 per annum, and. after receiving it, aiuuiallv, 
from his parishioners, turned it over for the pay- 
ment of the church debt. This remarkable man 
died May 16, 1867, at the age of ninety-one years, 
while administering the Ploly Communion to his 

Eight children were born of the union of George 
D. Sprecher and Caroline Beates, and all save three 
of these children, as well as the mother, have en- 
tered into rest. I'hc survivors are Laura, wife of 
Plenry S. Franklin, of the Steinman Plardware 
Company; and Misses Emily B. and Anna ^1., at 
home. Mr. Sprecher is wonderfully preserved, men- 
tally and physically, lor one of his years, and he 
is as active as most meii of fifty, although within a 
few days of eignty-one years at the time this sketch 
was written, January, 1902. lie is a trustee of 
Trinity Lutheran Church, and has been for fifty- 
two years ; and he is president of the board of trus- 
tees of the Home for Friendless Children, and presi- 
dent of the toard of trustees of the Woodward Hill 
Cemetery Board ; and no man gives these positions 



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C'f lioiior and trust more intcllig'cnt or more pains- 
lakiiip; attention than floes Mr. Sprecher. His has 
indeed been a remarkable career, and his Hfe is one 
that may well be emulated by the rising generation. 

JACOB ML'SSELI\L-\N. A prominent and 
liighly esteemed farmer of Lancaster county is found 
in Jacob Mussehnan, now Hving somewhat retired 
on a farm which has been liis iiome since iSyS. The 
birth of Air. Musselman was in Earl township Jul_\- 
5, 183 1, and he was a son of Samuel and Alagdalina 
(Xolt) Mussclman, a leading farming family of Earl 
township. Samuel JMussclman was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits all his life and died on his old 
homestead, after five years of retirement, in 1862, 
at the age of sixty-six years. He was a son of Chris- 
tian Mussclman, who was also a farmer of Earl 
township, and the family in its sixth generation udw 
occupies the old farm, it being the property of Jacob 
Musselman and operated by his two capable sons. 
The old family home was erected in 1792 and has 
been the scene of the births, marriages and deaths 
of the family for over a century, still remaining in 
a good state of preservation, while those who fash- 
ioned it have long since crumbled into dust. 

Mngdalina (Nolt) JMussclman, the beloved moth- 
er of our subject, jjassed out of life in 1842, at the 
early age of thirty-eight years. She was a daughter 
of Jonas Nolt, of West Earl township. She was 
buried in Groft'dale cemetery, both she and her 
luisband having Ijeen most worthy members of the 
Mcnnonite Church. The children born to them 
were : Anna, who died young ; Christian, who was 
killed on the railroad in 1898, at the age of seventy- 
two years; Jonas, who died in 1863; Jacob; Henry, 
who died in 1888; and Mattie, of West Earl town- 
ship, who married Michael E. Wenger. 

The education of Jacob Alusselman was acquired 
in the district schools of his neighborhood and he 
grew u]) on his father's farm, remaining at home 
until the dcatli of both parents, when he took charge 
of the old place and cnntinued to cultivate and im- 
prove it until 1898, when he retired from activit}', 
in favor of his two sons, whom he had taught to 
be excellent farmers and good managers. like him- 

Mr. Musselman was united in marriage on Jan. 
12, 1858, in West Earl township, to Miss .^iary 
Stoner. This estimable lady was born in West 
Earl township Sept. 15, 1831, and .she was a daugh- 
ter of Henry and Catherine (Huber) Stoner, the 
former of whom was a native of Colerain and the 
latter of \\''arwick townshi].). The father died in 
West Earl in 1869, at the age of seventy-three _\-ears, 
the mother having preceded him, in 1853, at the age 
of si.xty years. They were buried in Mctzlcr's 
meeting house ccmelery, in West Earl township, 
and both were consistent members of the Mennon- 
ite Church. Tlic grandparents of Airs. Musselman 
were among the leading citizens of the count\-, Hen- 
ry and Margaret Stoner and .Vbraham Iluber. The 

brothers and sisters of Airs. Alussclmnn were: 
Elizabeth, deceased, who married John Alusselman; 
Jacob, who died young; Catherine, deceased, who 
first married Joseph Nolt, and second, Alartin Rolir- 
er; Henry, deceased; Samuel, a farmer of Ephrata 
town.shii) ; Barbara, deceased, who marrieil Elias 
Alillcr; Susamiah, deceased, who married Daniel 
Burkholder ; Abraham, a retired farmer of Ei^hrala 
township; and Isaac, also a retired farmer of the 
same township. 

The children born to Air. and Airs. Alusselman 
made up a family of nine, as follows: Alagdelina, 
who married Samuel O. Alartin, a farmer of Earl 
township, and has ten children ; Anna, who married 
John C. Nolt, a farmer of Earl townshiji, and has 
a family of nine children ; Jacob, of Lancaster, an in- 
valid; Alar_\' and Henry, \vho died yotmg: .\man<la, 
who is a talented lady and a teacher in the Alen- 
nonite Alission school, in Philadelphia; Eli, who re- 
sides on the old homestead, married Anna Ilerghart 
and has three children; Amos, who married L;unT'. 
Ciood, resides on a part of the old homesteiul ■,;■'■'. '' .- 
twii children; and Katie, who married l".l::kr li. 
Aleycrs, of Earl township, and is the mother of three 

For man-\' years Air. Alusselman has been a resi- 
dent of West Earl township and is well known to 
almost every citizen ; among these okl acquaintances 
he is ranked as a man of strict integrity, a man whose 
word is as good as his bond, and as one who well 
represents the good citizen. In politics he is a 
stanch Republican, and is one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Alennonitc Church. 

SAAIUEL WARFEL was born in Concstoga 
townsliip, Lancaster county. Pa., Feb. 7, 1822. He 
was edticated in the common schools of the county, 
and remained at home until he was twenty-one years 
of age. He then branched out in life for himself 
and followed the c:mal between Lancaster and Phila- 
dclphi;i for a number of years. Since leaving the 
canal he has been engaged in various lines of oc- 

Adam Warfel, lather of. Samuel, horn in Cones- 
toga townshi]) in 1800, was drowned there in 1869. 
He married Miss Sarah Graver, of Ephrata. This 
cou])le were the parents of ten children, one of whom 
died in infancy: T'dizabelh, wife of Samuel Cross- 
man; Samuel: Pnlly, wife of Pcuben Brady, of 
Concstoga; l^eiila, wife of John Fry, of Manor 
townshii) ; Levi, of Concstoga township ; Eurias, of 
C'onestoga townshi]) ; Catherine, never married ; An- 
nie, who died in child.hood; and Annie, deceased. 
The father of Adam Warfel was also named Adam 
and was horn and reared iii Concstoga township. 

.Samuel AVarfel married l^arbara, daughter of 
Martin Good, of Concstoga townshiji. They have 
had seven children, as follows : .Sarah, who died in 
infancy: Lizzie, who died in childhood; Delila. wife 
of iM-ed. SliolT, (if Colenianville: Lidia .\.. wife <if 
.■Varon Elmire; Leah, wife v\ Christirm .^himf ; .\n- 



nie, who is the widow of John Stauffcr; and Will- 
iam, who died in childhood. j\lr. W'ariel is a mem- 
ber of the Old Zylennonite Church and takes a great 
interest in church work. He is still active and vig- 
orous and doubtless has many days yet to live. He 
is universally respected by his friends and neigh- 

JEREMIAH SELDO.AIRIDGE, a retired farm- 
er of Lcacock township, Lancaster county, where he 
is spending the closing years of a long and useful 
life, was born in Salisbury township, this county, 
Jan. 4, 1827, son of Isaac and Rachel (Glauser) 
Seldomridge. His parents were born in Leacock 
and East Earl townships, respectively, and both died 
in Earl township. 

Isaac Seldomridge was a farmer and an indus- 
trious man, but for fifteen years prior to his death he 
lived retired. He passed away in 1884, at the age 
of eighty-four, and his wife died in 1878, when 
seventy-six years old Both were buried in Ro- 
land's cemetery, in Earl township. They were 
members of the Lutheran Church. The following 
named children were born to them : George, who 
died when about sixty-six years old ; Jeremiah, men- 
tioned below ; Elizabeth, the widow of Amos Skiles, 
of Springville, Lancaster county; Isaac, who died 
at the age of fifty-eight ; Catherine, the wife of Peter 
Dague, of Earl township; Jacob, a farmer of Earl 
township ; .Benjamin, a saddler living in Upper Lea- 
cock township ; Rachel, deceased wife of Isaac Bru- 
baker; Mary Ann, the wife of Jonathan Blilder- 
brand, of Manheim township ; Andrew, deceased ; 
Amos, a retired farmer of Earl township. 

George Seldomridge, the grandfather of Jere- 
miah, was born in Lancaster county, married there 
and there reared his family. His father was also 
George. He was a son of George and a grandson 
©f Andrew, who, with his wife, came from Switzer- 
land. The name was originally spelled Zeltenreich. 
This Andrew owned the tract of one and a quarter 
icres in Earl township now known as Rolands ceme- 
tery, which he gave to the church for the nominal 
.sum of five shillings. He was also one of the found- 
ers of the church there. 

Jeremiah Seldomridge was married in Lancaster 
Sept 2, 1852. to Susanna C. Eckert, by whom he 
has had the following children : Jemimah, deceased 
wife of John P'enninger, a farmer of Leacock town- 
ship, by whom she had six-children; Eckert G., de- 
ceased : Mary Ann, who married George Knobb, of 
Leacock township, and who has two children. 

Mrs. Susanna C. (Eckert) Seldomridge was born 
in Leacock township Feb. 14, 182S, daughter of 
Jacob K. and Hannah (Varnes) Eckert, farming 
people of Leacock township, who are now numbered 
with the "great majority," he having died in 1S64, 
at the age of sixty-four years, and Airs. Eckert in 
1871, at the age of sixty-eight years. Their ashes 
rest in Roland's cemetery. During his last years 
Mr. Ec's-ert Ii\ed retired. To them were born liie 

following children: Evaline, late, wife of Josiah 
Zook ; John \''., deceased ; George, a retired farmer 
in Lancaster; Susanna C, Mrs. Seldomridge: ]\lary 
Ann, deceased wife of Robert Bloar; Rebecca, mar- 
ried to ]\Ioses Hess, and now living retired in Perry 
count)'. Pa. ; Elizabeth, married to Henry Rutter, and 
now living retired in Interc.'urse ; Henry, deceased ; 
C. Ludwig, in Philadelphia ; Jemima, the widow of 
Henry Horst, living in Lanci'.ster. George and Su- 
san Eckert, the paternal grandparents of Mrs. Sel- 
domridge, were farming people of Lancaster county. 
Jeremiah Seldomridge remained with his parents 
on the farm until about the time of his marriage, 
when he set up for himself on a neighboring farm, 
in 185 1 commencing farming in Upper Lcacock 
township. There he remaineil until i86_|., when he 
established himself and family oi^ a place in Lca- 
cock township, in the cultivation oi which he was 
engaged until 1893. That year he removed to his 
present home, and he has since lived retired. For 
nine years he has been school director, and he takes 
the side of the Republican party in all political ques- 
tions. For the past thirty-nine years Mr. Seldom- 
ridge has been an elder in the Refon.ned Church., 
and still holds the office, and his clean and wholesome 
life, his industrious habits and his kindly .disposition 
have given much strength and force to his religious 
labors. The family of seven sons, of which ne li 
one, has the remarkable distinction that all are abs^i- 
iutely temperate in all things, not one of them having 
ever used tobacco, in any form, and all abstaining 
from intoxicants. 

JOHN S. HARNER, one of the leading and 
successful farmer-citizens of Martic townshij), is a 
native of Montgomery county, and was born in De- 
cember. 1823. His parents were Joseph and Mary 
(Slinglufl') Harner, of Montgomery county, Pa., 
who came to Martic township in 1S38, when their 
son, John, was about fifteen years of age. Joseph 
Harner had a family of seven children, five sons 
and two daughters : John S. ; George, deceased ; 
Samuel, of Martic township ; Joseph, of Martic 
township; Mary Ann, the wife of Thomas Cully; 
Elizabeth, deceased wife of J. Harrison Long, of 
Drumore ; Jesse, a retired fanner of Druniore. all 
of these having extended mention made in another 

John S. Harner grew through childhood and un- 
til he was fifteen years of age, in the old home in 
JMontgomery county, accompanying his parents to 
Lancaster cotmty when they removed to this part 
of the state, in 183S. His eclucation was obtained in 
the public schools and he early began the agricul- 
tural life he has successfully followed ever since. 
His beginnings were small and he has worked hard, 
but he has now one of the finest and most valuable 
farms in this part of the county, well improved and 
most desirable. It contains 200 acres and shows 
that Mr. Blarner has thoroughly understood his bus.- 



Not only has John S. Harner been a good fanner, 
but he has faithfully served his township in various 
otTicial positions, and is widely known as an honest 
and upright citizen. His political views make him 
n Democrat, and for many years he has been a leader 
in the ranks of the Democratic party. In the Chest- 
nut Level Presbyterian Church Mr. Harner has for 
many years been not only a constant attendant, but 
a liberal supporter and active and useful member, 
serving a number of years as trustee. 

The marriage of John S. Harner was on Feb. 3, 
1859, to Miss Lucinda L. Long, of Drumore town- 
ship, a daughter of James B. and Catherine (Jeffer- 
son) Long, one of the old and honorable families of 
southern Lancaster county. j\lrs. Harner was born 
Jan. 26, 1839, and she was one in a family of nine 
children, five of these growing to maturity: Mar- 
garet, who married Robert Rutter, of Ohio ; J. Har- 
rison, a retired farmer of Drumore township ; Lu- 
cinda ; George, deceased ; and Robert L., a prominent 
citizen of Phoenix, Arizona. 

A family of three children was born to ]\Ir. and 
Mrs. Harner : Mary C, born in i860, wife of 
James Kilgore, of York county, Pa. ; J. Wilmer, 
i)orn in 1865 and married to Belle Wivel, of Dru- 
more township: Charles L., born on April 20, 1872, 
married to Elizabeth Bayd, of Drumore tov/nship, 
and serving as the competent manager of his father's 
farm, in Martic township. The family is one well 
known and most highly esteemed in this locality, 
being especially noted for those sterling qualities 
which belong to a community's best citizens. 

JOHN GEIST. Among the retired farmers of 
Lancaster county John Geist takes a leading posi- 
tion, being a man of large means and much public 
spirit. Mr. Geist was born in West Lampeter 
township Sept. 4, 1829, and he was a son of John 
and Eliza (Powell) Geist, natives, respectively, of 
Strasburg and East Lampeter townships. By trade 
the elder John Geist was a wagon maker, which bus- 
iness he carried on in connection with his farming 
operations. Some time prior to his death he gave 
up active work. Father Geist was born July 29, 
1S04, and died May 21, 1866. His first wife was born 
March ;.q, 1809, and died March 9, 1844, both be- 
ing buried in Mellinger's cemetery. These v.-orthy 
people had been devoted members of the Reformed 
Mennonite Church. 

The children of these narents were : Anna, who 
died young: Daniel, who died in Ohio and was twice 
married, the first time to Mary Kreidcr ; Johr. ; IMarv 
J., Amos. Barbara, Elizabeth and Emma, who all 
died young : and Susanna R., who married Henrv 
Rudy. The second marriage of IMr. Geist was to 
Susanna Eurkholder, and to this union one daugh- 
ter was born, Martha, who married Rev. Abraham 
Kurtz and died in T8qS. The paternal grandparents 
of John Geist were Philip and Barbara Geist, natives 
of Baden, Germany, the former of whom came to 
America at the age of eiglilcen in order to avoid 

service in the German army. Philip Geist was a son 
of George Geist, a native of W'ittenberg, Germany, 
who came to America in 1763, locating in Strasburg, 
Lancaster count)', where his t\\ o brothers, Simon and 
Leonard, already resided. 

John Geist received a good common school edu- 
cation and made his home with his parents until he 
was about twenty-five years old, although at the age 
of seventeen he began to learn the carpenter trade, 
which kept him from home a part of the time. Later 
he engaged in farming in East Lampeter town- 
ship, moving to his present farm in Upper Leacock 
township, six miles east of Lancaster, in 1S75, where 
he remained actively engaged in general farming 
until July 14, 1S9C; then he removed to his present 
residence on the same farm, while his son took the 
old home and relie\-ed his father of the work. Thi<; 
is one of the fine farms in this part of Lancaster 
county, comprising 100 acres of well improved, finely 
cultivated and productive land. 

John Geist was married Nov. 9, 1854, in Lan- 
caster, to Miss Charlotte Harnish, and the children 
born to this union were : Martin, who died at the 
age of fourteen years ; Lizzie Ann, who married 
Kinder Bender, of Leacock township, and has a fam- 
ily of eight children ; Mary J., who married O. S. 
I'xkert, a farmer of West Earl township, and has 
four children ; Ida A., a young lady, at home : ^\'illis, 
the farmer on the old homestead, who married Laura 
Stoner, has two children, and is one of the school 
directors: Lotta, a young girl at home; Morten, 
Emma and John, who died in infancy. 

Mrs. Charlotte Harnish Geist was born in East 
Lampeter township Oct. 4, 1832, and Avas a daughter 
of Martin and Anna (Weidlcr) Harnish, the former 
a farmer of West Lampeter township, where he died 
in 1840, at the age of thirty-eight years, and the 
latter a native of Leacock township. The mother 
survived until she was eightv-two years old, dying 
in 1876. and she was buried in the private burying 
grounds on the old farm. Both parents of Mrs. 
Geist were worth}- Christian people, devout members 
of the Reformed ^Mennonite Church. Their chil- 
dren were: Benjamin W., who operated a foundry 
and died in 1890: Elizabeth, who was the wife of 
Edwin Betzer and died in i860 ; Charlotte, the wife 
of ]\Ir. Geist; and Samuel, a moulder of Lancaster. 
The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Geist was Martin 
tiarnish, a farmer and di.stiller who became a resi- 
dent of Ohio, but died while visiting in Lancaster 

]\'Ir. Geist has been i(letUific<l with a number of 
leading business interests of Lancaster county and 
for ten vears has been a ilirector in the b'armcr's 
National Bank of Lancaster. In politics he is a 
Republican, and socially he is respcctdl and esteemed 
bv all who know him. 

Lancaster county, was born Apri' 
narvon township, that count v, ■■ 

f Elizabethtown, 
22. 1824. in Caer- 
n of Christ and 



Magdaliiia (Sclineder) HolTiiian, both natives of 
Lancaster count\'. The lather was a general mer- 
chant, and dieil at Vogansville, Lancaster county, in 
1868, when seventy-two years old. His widow 
passed away the following" year, at the age of seven- 
ty-five. In his earlier years he was a tailor, then 
becanie a farmer, and later followed a mercantile 
career for many years. Both parents were members 
of the Reformed Clnirch. They had the fullowing 
family: Amos, who died in infancy; Christ S. ; 
Sarah, wlio married Daniel Busliong and (second) 
Cyrus AlcQuaid, and is now deceased ; ^Magdalena 
A., late wife of Ezra Burkholder ; Catherine, living 
in Erie county. Pa., the widow of Graybill M}'ers; 
and Herman, an auctioneer at X'ogansville. 

Christ S. Hoffman was married in Yogansvillc, 
in 1852, to h'rances Groff, and they became the ])ar- 
cnts of lw<i chddren, Mary and Emma. Mary is 
the wife of A. E. Jacohy. a school teacher, and is 
living in Elizabethtown ; they have two children, 
Christ H. and Ella F. Emma is unmarried, and is 
at home. }ilrs. [-"ranees (Groff) Hoffman was born 
in Earl township Feb. 6. 1833, daughter of Mark S. 
and Xancy (Gooil) Groff. both natives of Lancaster 
county. Her father began life as a farmer, but 
spent the latter [jart of his active years in ilie lumber 
business in Wigansville. 

Mr. Hoffman worked on the tailor's bench until 
he was thirteen vears old, under hi.s father. When 
he was thirteen he began working on a farm, where 
he remained tmtil seventeen years of age, and then 
entered a mercantile establishment where he s]ient 
ten years. From 1852 to 1872 he followed survey- 
ing and conve\'ancing, at X'ogansville, and then 
moved io Lancaster, continuing the same lousiness. 
Eleven years later he removed to Elizabethtown. 
where he continues as conveyancer at this writing. 
At X'ogansville he was justice <A the peace for five 
years. He is a Democrat in his political views. 
j\Ir. and .Mrs. Holfman are members of the J\.e- 
fornied Church and are prominent and much re- 
spected meniljei's of the community. 

JACOB H. BOMBERGER, who has been in 
the leaf tobacco business in Warwick for a number 
of years, comes of an old and always res]-)ected fam- 
ily of Lancaster county, his ancestors having set- 
tled here early in the eighteenth century. 

Mr. Bomberger is a grandson of John Bom- 
berger, who is mentioned elsewhere, and a son of 
Jacob Bomberger, who was born on the old home- 
stead farm, near Lititz, Oct. i, 1824. He was a 
farmer, and followed farming on an extensive scale 
until his death, which occurred May 14, T883. He 
was a member of the Old .Mennonile Chr.rch. Jacob 
Bomberger married Miss Barbara, daughter of 
Christian Hess, ami the>' became the j)arents of 
three children, viz.: Anna, wife of Henry G. Sn\-- 
der : Maria, wife of H. Reist Landis : and Jacnl) 11. 

Jacob 11. Bomberger was born on the old home- 
stead Oct. ID. 1S60. and lived at home with his fa- 

ther until he was twenty-three years of age. He 
was educated in the common schools of the county 
and attended through one term at the Lititz Acad- 
emy, after wdiich he began life lor himself, farm- 
ing on the old honieste:id for five \ear.s. He then 
moved to Warwick, where he has been engaged in 
the leaf tobacco business. In ])olilics Mr. Bom- 
berger has always affiliated wiih the Reiniblicau 
party, but he never sought office. 

On Oct. 16, 1883, Air. Bomfierger wedded Miss 
Anna B. lioUinger, daughter of Hiram Bollinger, of 
Lincoln, Pa., and to this union have been born four 
children, namelv : Hiram ]!., Barbara B., Jacob 
B. and Clayton B., all of whom are at home. 

i\Ir. JSnmbergcr is one of the best-known resi- 
dents of this section of Lancaster county, and he 
has attained high standing among the sui_)s[aniia! 
citizens as an honorable, public s]Mrited and reli- 
able business man. lie is full\- ;dive to the best 
interests of his section, and is a \vonhy rei>resenta- 
tive of Warwick townshiji. 

SAMUEL JLVRTMAX belongs to a family 
which has taken a prumineut and honorable part in 
the history of Fast Lam|)eter to\\nshi]) and Lancas- 
ter count}' for two centuries. He is a great-grandson 
of Jacob Hartman, a Mennonite preacher, who was 
born In iutst Lampeter township in 1714 and fol- 
lowed farming all his life. In 1755 he built the 
house vet standing on the family farm still in good 
repair. He was the father of tlu-ee sons and three 
daughters. The daughters were : lister, who mar- 
ried David Huber; I'^annie, wife of Henry liess ; 
and Annie, who died at home, unmarried. 

Henry Hartman, the grandfather of our subject, 
was born on the same old farm and spent his entire 
life there, engaged at farming. In religion he was 
one of the Old Mennonites. 1 le married Miss Cath- 
erine Hildebrand, and they were the parents of six 
children : Flenr}-, the father of Samuel ; Catherine, 
wife of Daniel Stan Iter : Xancy, wife of Jacob Buck- 
waiter ; Elizabeih. wife of John Stauffer; Fannie, 
wife of Joseph llershev: and Hcllie. wife of facob 

Henry Hartman. was also born on the old farm, 
Xov. 27, t8o8, inlierited the place from his father 
and continued to farm until his death, which oc- 
curred Feb. 28, T870. Mr. Hartman was a member 
of the Old Mennonile Church. On Xov. 5, 1S33, 
lie married Miss Elizaiieth Eby. daughter of Samuel 
Ebv, and they had a family of six children : Sam- 
uel : Anna, born March 21, 1S36, the widow of Sam- 
uel Landis; Elizabeth, born March 12. 1837, de- 
ceased wife of John Esbenshade; Catherine, born 
June 14, 184(1; Henry, born I"eb. 6, 1853, who mar- 
ried Nettie llostetter and lives at Ephrata ; Aaron, 
l)orn Oct. 20, iH^ft. who married Frances Diefen- 
Ijaugh and is a resident of l".:ist Lampeter. 

Samuel Hartm;ni was bom .\ng. 22. 1834, on 
the old Hartman farm, being of the fourth or fifth 
wneration A\ho have been born and li\ed all their 



iivcs llierc. Samuel Hartman, however, moved to 
Chester count)- for twelve years, after which he re- 
turned tc the old place, and there he has remained 
ever since. He was educated in the common schools 
of the county. ' The farm which j\[r. Hartman so 
successfully cultivates, comprising about eight}-- 
thrce acies. is one of the oldest in Lancaster county 
and is the orig-inal farm owned by his ancestors sev- 
eral generations back, and which has alwa)'s re- 
mained in the family. He is deeply interested in the 
moral and material welfare of Lancaster county, and 
is ranked among its substantial, highly respected citi- 
zens. Politically he is a Republican. Like his 
ancestors, he is a member of the CJld Mennonile 

On Nov. I, iS6o, !Mr. Hartman wedded .Miss 
Catherine Price, daughter of Andrew Price, of West 
Lampeter township, and this union has been blessevl 
with eight children : Andrew P., born Aug. 3, 
i86r, now of Pliiladelphia ; Elizabeth, born Sept. 
5, 1S62, wife of John Hid^er; Henry, born Nov. 13, 
1S63, still at home; Ellanora, born Sept. 12, 1860, 
^v•ho diet! in childhood ; Milton, born Sept. 1, 1868, 
who died in infancy; Susan, born Jan. 30, 1871, wife 
of John Shurtz, of Lancaster ; Amanda, born Aug. 
27, 1873, still at home; and Samuel, born July 3, 
1S78, who died in infancy. Mrs. Plartman died Fcl>. 
23, 1S98, aged sixty-four }'ears, nine mo;Uhs and 
thirteen days. 

ISAAC !\IECKLEV. Among the ]:)rt)niinent, 
substanlial and representative citizens of Alt. Joy 
tdwnshi]) who liave done much for tlie advancement 
;md perfection of agriculture in Lancaster county is 
Isaac Meckley, a retired farmer, residing near Eliz- 

Mr. Mecklcy was born in Mt. Joy township on 
a farm adjoining his present property March 21, 
1819, a son of Melchor and Elizabeth (Hotter) 
Meckley, both of whom were natives of Germany. 
They came to America in their young married life, 
settling first in Dauphin, but later removing to Lan- 
caster county and locating in 3.1 1. Joy township. The 
first marriage of ]\IeIchor Meckle}- was to a ]\liss 
Grubb, and their children, John, Christian, Jacol) 
and Elizabct'n, are all dead. Pie then married a 
JMiss Newcomer, tiie children of this union being: 
Joseph and Susan. TJien he married the mother 
of our subject, who died Dec. i, 1875, at the age of 
eighty-three years, and their ciiildren were : Sam- 
uel, (leceased, who married Mary Ilristol; llenjanu'n, 
deceased, who married Piarlxira Halderman : Henry, 
deceased, who married Eliza Henry; and Isaac. 

.Although Mr. INTeckley. of this record began life 
as a ]joor boy, dependent entirely upon his own re- 
sources from an early age, through energy and ])er- 
severance he in time became jiossessed of more 
means than were the farmers for whom he so faith- 
fully worked in his boyhood. lie learned the car- 
penter trane and was \:r')\ b'is\ and made mi>no\' 
for a r.umljer of vears. 'uii in iS(.)i he decided to 

engage in farming. At first this was no very easy 
matter, for at that time nuich of the' labor-s.aving 
macliinery now in use was not even invented, all that 
the horses could not do being necessarily performed 
j by hani!, the few macliines ilien on the market being 
tar beyond his reach. 1 lowever, Mr. Meckley was 
regartled as an excellent farmer and by hard work 
obtained good crops and accumulateil money. In 
1880 he retired from active labor, owning two fine 
farms, one in Dauphin county and another in Lan- 
caster county. In politics he is a Republican. 

In January, 1859, Mr. Meckley was married, in 
Lancaster, to Miss Barl)ara Coble, and the family 
I born to this union consisted of two children, David 
C. and Anna. David C, who is a farmer in Mt. Joy 
I township, married, in 18S3, ]\Iiss Emma (jarlDcr, 
born In Dauphin county, daughter of John and Sarah 
( Peck) Garber, of county. i\lr. and Mrs. David 
Meckley have three children, Walter, Ralph E. and 
John. Anna, deceased, married Solomon Espen- 
shade and had two children, Harvey and Estella. 
Mrs. JMecklcy was born in Dauphin county Sej)t. 7, 
1825, and died Dec. i, 1869, aged forty-four years. 
She was buried in Dauphin county. Her parents 
\i ere Clu-islian and Elizabeth (Iloffer) Coble, of 
Dauphin counry. 

Loth Isaac ]\Icekle\- and his sou are held in high 
esteem in ]Slt. Joy township as reliable, upright and 
honoral'le men. In every public matter that comes 
1 up in llie comnnniiiy they give an inlluence in the 
j direction that will pmvc of benefit to the tiwvnship, 
I while in |)riv-ite life the\- are known as excellent 
I neighliors and kuid and he'.iiful friends, men of char- 
I acter and stancHng. 

' SIDWd'.LL T. WILSi )X. I"or many years the 

I late Sidwell T. Wilson was a prominent ami suc- 

I cessful farmer, as well as a highly esteemed citizen 

of Little Britain township, identified with its best 

I agricultural and religions progress. He was !)om 

in tin's township on Oct. 25, 1S28, on the same farm 

where his useful and valueil life ended on Ajiril 16, 

1892. His parents were Needham and Jane ( Patter- 

j .son) Wilson, the ancestors of the family having 

originated in Scotland and Irelandi. 

The Wilson family settled in early days in Lan- 
caster rountv and were members of the Society of 
Friends. Grandfather Penjaium Wilson married 
Anna Sidwell, the former being English and the 
latter bringing in the Scotch-Irish strain. Xeed- Wilson, the son of Benjamin, and ilie father of 
the late Siflwell, was born May 15, 1797, and died 
Sept. 22. 1872. His widow survived until Sept. 7, 
i.'^on. d\-iiig at the age of ninety-fovu- years. Their 
children were: Doresius, a coal dealer in Chester 
countv ; Sidwell T. : Silvia A., who married George 
Bockius, deceased : Dr., a physician in 
Philadelphia; and J. .M., of Fairiuount. 

Tlirough a long and industrious life Sidwell Wil- 
son so lived that when he was called from earth 
he left the worlil Ijeller for his haxing lived in it. and 



was sincerely mourned by a large circle of friends. 
He was a liberal contribiUor to the Presbyterian 
Church, generously forwarding all of its enterprises 
in the direction of missions and charity. His politi- 
cal adherence was given to the Democratic party, 
and he consistently voted to support its measures and 
to elect its candidates. 

The marriage of Sidwell T. Wilson was to Miss 
Margaret A. Hill, who was born in Britain town- 
ship Jan. 13, 1834, a daughter of Thomas and 
Eleanor (Killough) Hill; the father was born in the 
State of New York, about 1803, and died June 12, 
1866, in Britain township, in this county. The 
mother of Mrs. Wilson was born in 1804 and died in 
1875, having borne two children: Sarah, of Little 
Britain township, and Margaret A., who is the widow 
of the late Sidwell T. Wilson. 

Mrs. Wilson still resides on the old home farm, 
esteemed and beloved by relatives and friends. She 
has long been a vak;ed member of the Little Britain 
Presbyterian Church, and is widely known for her 
neighborly kindness and Christian virtues. Her 
family is one of the old and highly respected ones 
of Ljmcaster county. 

WALTER F. BICKNELL, a retired farmer of 
Pulton township, Lancaster county, is a substantial 
citizen of the community. He comes from an Eng- 
lish family, but was born in this country, having first 
seen the light of day on Dec. 24, 1832, in Fulton 
township. John Bicknell, his father, was born in 
England in 1785 and came to this cotmtry in early 
manhood. In 1810 he married Miss May Porritt, 
and they reared a family of eleven children, eight of 
whom grew to mature years, Samuel, Mary, John, 
Sarah, Isaac, Anna, William and Walter F., the 
youngest of the family. 

Walter F. Bicknell married Rebecca, daughter of 
Caleb Thomas, of Fulton township, Oct. 18, 1866. 
Mrs. Bicknell's family is also of English origin. 
The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Bicknell has been 
blessed with three children ; Howard W., born in 
1868, is on a part of the original home farm; Fred- 
erick C. manages the home place ; and George H. 
is in Little Britain townsliip. Mrs. Bicknell was 
born in 1837 and still enjoys most excellent health. 
Mr. Bicknell recently sold his farm of t8o acres to 
his sons, Howard and Frederick, who are operat- 
ing it. 

Mr. Bicknell was a volunteer of Co. B, QQth P. 
v.. during the Civil war, enlisting in .July, 1861. He 
served in the army of the Potomac under Gen. 
George B. McClellan, and took part in all of tlie Vir- 
ginia, Potomac and James River campaigns, during 
which occurred some of the hardest fought battles of 
the Civil war. He was at the battle of tlie Wilder- 
ness, Gettysburg, Petersburg and the siege of Rich- 
mond, and was a faithful, hard-fighting soldier 
through it all, till July 31, 1864, when his teVm of 
service expired. Mr. Bicknell is a professor of the 
Quaker religious faith and is a strong Rc[niblican in 

politics. He still enjoys excellent health, notwith- 
standing his arduous experience in the army. He 
is well known and res])ccted by all his neighbors for 
his many fine traits of character. 

JOHN KREIDER, in his life-time one of the 
leading men of Lancaster county, was born in I^ea- 
cock township April 27, 1S38, a son of Jacob and 
Anna (Buck waiter) Kreider, and died March i, 
1897. Plis youth was passed in Leacock township, 
and after his marriage he removed to Leaman Place, 
in Paradise township. 

INIr. Kreider was married Jan. 10, 1865, to Cath- 
erine Ann, a daughter of Jacob and Lydia Ann 
'^Buckwalter) Leaman, who was born in East Lam- 
peter township Dec. 16, 1842. After their mar- 
riage tliey located on the farm where Mrs. Kreider 
is still living. This farm originally contained 104 
acres, but several lots have been sold from it, and it 
now contains ninety-five acres. It is highly ini- 
j)roved, and is classed among the best of the county. 
Plere Mr. Kreider spetit his active life in farming. 
He never sought or held public station, and was 
closely devoted to his domestic interests, preferring 
the comforts and delights of home to any possible 
pleasure found elsewhere. Both husband and wife 
belonged to the Presbyterian Church. 

I\lr. and Mrs. Kreider were the parents of five 
children, only two of whom survive. An infant 
daughter, born Aug. 6, 1866, died the same day; 
Charles B., born .'\])ril 2, 1871, died Feb. 15, 1873; 
Jacob H., born ]")ec. 16, 1874, died May 4. 1875. 
Elam L., a music teacher of Leaman Place, was 
born Oct. 2, 1S68: he married Miss Alice Mylin, and 
is the father of two children, Kathcrine Barbara and 
i ^Marian Mylin; Lydia Ann, born Aug. 16. iSj/, 
is at home. All the family arc musical, and as noted 
above the son is a professional teacher, and has 
achieved a substantial success in his calling. He, 
with his wife and sister, belongs, to the Presbyterian 
Church. The home bears the name of "Willow Burn 

Jacob K. and Lydia Ann Leaman were among 
the honored j>eople of the county. He was born 
in Lancaster townsliip Nov. 28, 1819, and died -May 
28, 1889. He \vas the son of Benjamin and Cath- 
erine (Kreifler) Leaman. Mr. Leaman was reared 
and spent the most of his life in East Lanijieter and 
Leacock townships, and became one of the leading 
farmers of his time. His homestead he divided into 
four farm for his sons. For nine years he was 
school director. He was married Nov. 26, 1840, to 
I Lydia .j\nn Buckwalter, a daughter of and 
I .Ann (Witmer) Buckwalter. She was born July 11, 
' 'S23, and is still living in the full enjoyment of 
I health and mind. A lady of culture and refinement, 
her age only serves to accent her grace and dignity. 
I Reared in East L;impeter township, the most of her 
I life was spent m her native community. Since tlie 
I Heath of her hii>li:iiid <;he has made her hmne with 
her dauglit'.r, .Mr<. Tolin Kreider. The father and 



mother were botli members of tlie Mennonite 
Church. To this worthy couple were born : Cath- 
erine Ann, the widow of John Kreider ; Susan E., 
the wife of Ephraim Hershey, of Sahsbury township ; 
Kiam W., of Leacock township ; Anna !Mary, who 
married Simon DcnUng'er, of Paradise township, and 
is dead ; Jacob B., a farmer of Leacock townsliip ; 
Lydia E., the wife of Aaron H. Duffenbacli, of 
Greenland ; Franklin K., a retired farmer of Gor- 
donville : Ezra H., a manufacturer of cigar boxes 
in Paradise township. ' 

JOSEPFI PENNY, a farmer of Colerain town- 
ship, Lancaster county, was born in Drumore town- 
ship Nov. 23, 1S40, and is a son of Hugh and Sarah 
(Wentz) Penny, both natives of Drumore township. 
Hugh Penny was born June 12, 1812, and his wife 
Sept. 25, 1817. 

Hugh Penny was a son of Joseph and Mary 
(Long) Penny, both of whom were born in this 
county, and were descended from Scotch-Irish par- 
entage. Joseph Penny, the grandfather, first settled 
near the Buck, where he established the present fam- 
ily. He had a family of two sons and four daugh- 
ters : James, Hugh; Sarah A., widow of John 
Wentz, who had five sons and four daughters ; Mary 
J., wife of Thomas Wentz, of Martic township ; Flan- 
nah M., who married William Wentz, of Martic 
township, both of whom are dead ; Flarriet, married 
to John S. Morrison, both deceased. 

James Penny married JMariah Wentz, and made 
a home near the old family estate, near Buck. His 
widow and one son are still living on the old home; 
stead in Drumore township. 

Hugh Penny was reared to manhood under the 
parental roof, and given a common school education. 
He and his wife lived and died on the family home- 
stead. His death occurred in 1881, and his widow- 
passed away in 1SS5. In early life they were asso- 
ciated with the Friends, but in their later years united 
with the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Penny was a 
staunch Democrat, and held local offices in Drumore 
township. He was the father of seven children, 
(l) Mary M., born in August, 1S36, married Henry 
Pegan, of Martic township. They settled in Dru- 
more township, where she died in October. 1876; 
leaving three daughters : Ida married Samuel 
Grove ; Eva married Wilkie Grove, and is now dead ; 
Lena married Robert Wickersham, of Chester coun- 
ty. (2) Joseph Penny. (3) Sarah A., born in 
Drumore township m January, 1843, married 
Thomas Wilson, of Stewartstown, York county, 
where they live retired. (4) Mariah J., bom Oct. 
16, 1844, married Aldus Aument, of East Drumore 
township, whose sketch may be seen elsewhere. (5j 
William C, born Jan. 29, 1848, married Mary 
Buckius, of Lancaster county, and has his home on 
the old place in Drumore township. (G) Hugh J., 
born in June, 1852, married Miss Lizzie Phillips, of 
Colerain township, and is engaged as a merchant 
in Russellville, Chester countv. Thev have one 

daughter, Etta. (7) Laura, born March S, 1856, 
was educated in the Academy at Chestnut Level, and 
married Prof. William Overholt, of Little Britain 
township. He is now a retired druggist in Balti- 
more. They have a son and a daughter living, 
IMirton and Hallie, both of whom live in Baltimore, 
the daughter being at home. 

Joseph Penny -was reared on the home farm and 
given a common school education in Drumore town- 
ship. He was married Jan. 5, 1871, to Flannah M., 
a daughter of Mahlon and Anna M. (Dare) Pusey. 
Mrs. Penny was born April iS, 1848, and was reared 
to womanhood in the old home at Puseyville. where 
.she attended the Union High School. Mahlon 
Pusey was twice married, Mrs. Penny being a 
daughter of the second marriage, to which were 
born seven children : George, of Oxford ; Rebecca, 
the wife of tlugh Long, of East Drumore town- 
ship; Emma: Sarah, the wife of Linclly Hutton, of 
Belmar, N. J. ; Ada ; Rose, the wife of Frank Hcrr, 
of Little Britain township ; and Hannah M. 

Mr. and i\lrs. Penny settled on a farm in \\'cst 
Drumore township, where they lived about four 
vears, when they moved to Puseyville, where IMr. 
Penny was engaged in the milling business for some 
ten years. In 1885 he bought the farm where he 
is found to-day. It was then known as the Bunting 
farm and was two miles south of the Union. Since 
coming there they have rebuilt the dwelling house 
and made many substantial and elegant imjirove- 
ments. To them have come a daughter and a son. 
Anna M., born in Drumore township, received her 
education in the L'nion High School of Colerain, and 
is an accomplished young lady. Chcyney was a 
student of the Union High School. In November, 
T900. he was married to Belle, a daughter of Abram 
and ^.latilda ?ilcConnell, and now lives on his farm 
in Little Britain township. 

The Penny family are all associated with the Un- 
ion Presbyterian Church. Mr. Penny has always 
been a Democrat, has been school director in Cole- 
rain township, and since t888 has been a director of 
the Union High School, being also school treasurer. 

Mrs. Penny's grandfather. Rev. Elkanah Dare, 
was the first Presbyterian minister who preached in 
tlie Union Presbyterian Church in Colerain town- 

SILAS E. GROFF, one of the leading and pro- 
gressive farmers of Paradise township, Lancaster 
county, owner of a well improved farm, located 
three miles northeast of Strasburg borough, is the 
representative of one of the okl and honored families 
of the county. 

John Groff, his paternal grandfather, familiarly 
k-nown as "Swamp John." was one of the substan- 
tial citizens of Paradise township, and there reared a 
large familv of children. Of the latter, Sarah mar- 
ried a IMr. Dripps ; Louisa married Henry Girvin, 
and they resifled first in Paradise township and later 
in Bart townshin ; Alice married a school teacher. 



!Mr. C!ark, and removed from Lancaster county; ; 
Lizzie died unmarried : Isaac emigrated to Colum- \ 
biana county, Oliio, and there married and engaged 
in farming; John removed to Maryland, where he 
became a farn'ier ; George, the father of Silas E., was 
a farmer of Paradise township ; Jacob studied medi- 
cine aufl became one of the prominent practitioners 
of Strasburg, actjuiring considerable wealth. 

George Grofl", the father of Silas E., was reared 
in Paradise township and educated in the jnil^lic 
schools. He married Miss Ann Eshleman, who was 
born ]\fav 22, iSoj, the daughter of Jacob and JNIary 
(Brackbill) Eshleman. George Groff was a life- 
long farmer, operating a property of 140 acres and 
becoming one of the influential, substantial citizens 
of Lancaster county. He and his wife were mcm- 
liers of the Old Mennonite Church. To George 
and Ann (Eshleman) Groff were born five children, 
as follows; Aldus John, born June 13, TS37, a re- 
tired farmer of Lancaster City; JNlary V., born 'Jet. 
23, 1839. a resident of Strasburg borough ; .Silas E. ; 
Emma E., born June 10, 1844, who married Martin 
B. Rohrcr, formerly of Paradise, now of Strasburg, 
and died in Julv, 189T ; and an infant son, deceased. 
Cicorge. the father, died March 20, iSSo, and his 
wife passed away Jan. 31, 1875. 

Silas E. Groff was born jMarch 6, 1S42, on a 
farm in Paradise township adjoining that where he 
now lives. He was reared in his native township. 
He received a fair education in the common schools 
and supplemented the instruction there obtained by 
an attendance at T'aradise Y\cailemy and at the ^lil- 
lersvilic Stale Normal School. At thi.« time he 
joined a militia regiment under Col. Frankdin, and 
served the Union about ten weeks. Soon after 
completing his education he entered upon his life 
work as a farmer, locating in 1S67 upon the farm 
which he still occupies. Improvements upon the 
property were then very poor, Ijut with his father he 
has since erected good substantial buildings, and the 
place is now one of the well improved and highlv 
cultivated farms in this part of Lancaster county. 
In connection with his own farm of seventy-nine 
acres, 'Wr. Groff operates another of 100 acres, and 
is also engaged in handling stock. He is recognized 
as one of the progrcssi\'e and foremost agriculturists 
of Paradise township, and he aims to keep con- 
stantly in touch with the best interests of the com- 
munity, being ever ready to assist in an)' enterprise 
for the public good. In politics he affiliates with the 
Republican party, but he has never sought nor ac- 
cepted public oflice. 

On Feb. 27, 1878. Mr. Groff married Miss S. 
Elizabeth Keneagy. daughter of Henry and Sarah 
Ann (Rowe) Kencag^•, a granddaughter of Henry 
and Sarah (Sherts) Keneagy. The grandfather was 
in his day a distiller in Paradise township, conduct- 
ing a large and extensive business. PTe died com- 
paratively early in life, leaving six children, namely: 
Susan, who remained single; John S., a farmer and 
distiller of Paradise township ; Jacob, wiio removed 

to Chicago, 111.; Henry, the father of }vlrs. Grofi'; 
C?hristian, a fa-rmer and distiller : and Samuel, a phy- 
sician of Strasburg. Henry Keneagy was born Dec, 
26, 1817, and for tv.-Q years of his life was the suc- 
cessful keener of a hotel in Strasburg anil East 
Lampeter to\vnshi]3, but he devoted most of his life 
to the pursuit of farming. He died Aug. 27. 1872. 
and his ^vife, who was born Oct. 6, 1827, died Ajiril 
21, i8fi4. Three children were born to Plenry and 
Sar.ali Ann Keneagy, namely : Charles R., a resi- 
lient of Strasburg; S. Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Groff; 
and William A., a resident of Straslnirg. 

The family of Silas E. and S. Elizabeth Cn-oii 
consists of two children: Mary R., born Se])l. 26, 
188S; and John E., born May 22, 1890. Mrs. Groff 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church. The fam- 
ily are heM in high esteem throughout the com- 

WILLIA.M B. GIVEN. The Given family is 
of Scotch-Irish descent. James Given, the grand- 
father of William B.. was "born in Ireland, and emi- 
grated to America in early life, .settling in Chester 
county, Pa. Later he moved to Columbia, Lan- 
caster county, where he engaged In lumbering when 
the lumber was brought down the river in rafts. 
He became quite prosperous, and at the time of his 
death was the possessor of considerable wealth. Po- 
litically he was a Democrat, and he was a man of 
prominence in the comnumity wherein he dwelt. -V 
verv active worker in the Methodist Ejiiscopal 
Church, he bore a high reputation for jiersonal in- 
tegrity and worth. He married a Miss Mercer, and 
tliev had eight children, among whom was William 
F.,'the father of William B. 

William F. Given was born near Downingtown, 
in Chester county, Jan. 20, 1813, and in i8t6 came 
to Columbia, where he grew to man's estate, and 
succeeded to the business of his father, from which 
he retired quite earlv in life, with a competency. 
He was a director in the Columbia National Bank 
and in the Columbia Bridge Company. In religion 
he was a member of . the Methodist Episcopal 
Church of Columbia, and in politics he was a Demo- 
crat. On his retirement from active business, in 
1859, he purchased a farm near the city of Balti- 
more, Aid., and settled thereon, and there his death 
occurred in 1862. Mr. Given was, Oct. 26, 1853, 
married to Miss Susan A., daughter of Rev. Will- 
iam ] jams, of Philadelphia, and they had children : 
Laura, William P.., Mercer, Frank S. and Mar- 
tha W. 

William B. Given was born Sept. 25, 1855, in 
Columbia, though Maryland, to which he early re- 
moved, was the scene of his boyhood experiences. 
He pursued his studies when a lad at the public 
schools of ^Maryland, later at tlie Saunders Insti- 
tute, Philadelphia, and then at tlie I'niversily 01 
^lichigan, .\nn Arbor, from which he graduated 
in his twentieth year. Having chosen the law as 
his profession, he began his studies in the oftkc 








>. liuii. \''incent L. Bradford and E. Ray, Esq., 
; iiilailclphia, and completed them under the direc- 
'.n of H. M. North, Esq., in Columbia. Upon his 
junii.^sion to the Bar, in 1876, he Ijccame established 
a» a practitioner in Columbia, where he has since 
resided, and has an office. Air. Given has, by his 
tliorougli knowledge of law, his studious habits, and 
ihe zeal and ability exhibited in the interest of his 
clients, won an enviable position at the Lancaster 
l]ar. He has also been admitted to practice in the 
.Supreme court of the State of Pennsylvania, and in 
liic Supreme court of the United States. He has 
always manifested a deep interest in public affairs, 
Cbpecially in measures tending to the advancement 
of education, and for nine years was an active 
member of the school board and president of the 
iaine for two years. 

Until 1896 Mr. Given was a Democrat, and was 
an active and prominent member of that party. He 
was a member of the State Committee several years, 
and his services on the stump in every campaign 
were eagerly sought. In 1877 he was the candidate 
of his party for the office of district attorney, and 
was nominated for Congressional honors in 1882, 
but was defeated for botii offices, as his party was 
largely in the minority. In 1892 he was sent as a dele- 
gate to the National Convention which nominated 
Crover Cleveland for the Presidency. Again, in 
1S96, he was chairman of the Democratic State 
Convention, which convened in Allentown, Pa., and 
on taking the chair sounded the keynote in Penn- 
sylvania for sound money. His position on the 
financial question made I^lr. Given a delegate to the 
National Democratic Convention of 189G, where he 
was an ardent advocate of sound money. Upon 
the nomination of William J. ]>yan, Mr. Given left 
the convention, denouncing the platform and its 
candidate. He returned to Pennsylvania and as- 
sisted in reorganizing the sound Democratic move- 
ment, and was a delegate-at-large to the conven- 
tion of sound Democrats held at Indianapolis, and 
was subsequentlv elected and served as State chair- 
man of that party in Pennsylvania. Since 1896 
he has taken no active part in politics, but in 1900 
he cast his vote for William jMcKinley. 

Mr. Given is prominently identified with many 
business enterprises in Lancaster county and else- 
where. . Pie is president of the Columbia Trust 
Company, the Conestoga Traction Company (own- 
ing all the electric railway lines in Lancaster coun- 
ty), the Lancaster County Railway & Light Com- 
pany, the \\'ilson Laundry Machinery Company, the 
Gas Light & P'uel Comjjany, of Lancaster, and the 
Edison Electric Illuminating Company, of Lancas- 
ter, and is a director in no less than twenty-two 
different corporations and railway companies in 
Lancaster countv. Recently the laundry machin- 
ery companies of the United States were fcjrmed 
into a trust, having a capitalization of $16,000,000, 
and Mr. Given has been elected a director in this 
giant corporation. 

In 1878 -Mr. Given ^vas married tO- Mary E., the 
only daughter of Abraham Bruner, and this union 
has been blessed with four children: Erna B., Jane 
Bruner, William Barns and Susan Emily. 

PRANK SCUTT GIVEN. That ability aided 
by perseverance and industry leads to a success in 
whatever line of business a man may adopt, is 
shown in the career of Frank Scott Given, of Co- 
lumbia, who was bt.irn there Aug. 4, 1859, son of 
William F. and Susan A. (Barns) Given. Fail- 
ing health led his father to remove to a farm in 
Worthington Valley, Baltimore Co., Md., when 
Frank S. was but six weeks old. Change of resi- 
dence did not bring the hoped for relief, and the 
father passed away a few months after settling on 
the farm. Being anxious to provide additional ad- 
vantages for her children, i\lr. Given's mother, after 
her husband's death, removed to Westminster, IMd. 
Learning that the farm was not receiving proper 
attention, and believing that better schools might 
be found in Reisterstown, she took up her residence 
there, and remained five years, when she removed 
to Columbia, where she now resides. Her father, 
William Barns, was a noted Methodist Episcopal 
preacher, known throughout the Eastern States for 
his eloquence. Pie was born in Cookstown, County 
Tyrone, Ireland, and died in Philadelphia in No- 
vember, 1865. Mr. and Mrs. William ¥. Given 
had five children : Laura, who died in infancy ; 
William B. ; Mercer, wdio died in infancy ; Frank 
S. ; and IMartha Washington, wife of Howard B. 
Rhodes, of Columbia. 

At the age of fourteen Frank Scott Given en- 
tered the employ of the Philadelphia & Reading 
Railway Company, as a messenger boy in the office 
of the general agent, at Philadelphia. He remained 
with that corporation fourteen years, demonstrating, 
by his mental capacity, integrity and rare executive 
ability, his right to rapid promotion. For three 
years he occupied the desk of a way bill clerk, and 
was then made general foreman of all the Willow- 
street wharfs, which responsible position he filled 
for five vears. Under the first administration of 
President Cleveland, Mr. Given was appointed as- 
sistant superintendent of the stamp division in the 
Philadelphia post office, which office he held three 
years, when he was promoted to the position of 
night superintendent of mails, from which he re- 
signed in 1 89 1. Feeling the need of rest, he re- 
turned to his native town, but was not long idle, 
as he received the dual office of secretary and super- 
intendent of the Columbia & Ironville Passenger 
Railway Co., whose line was then in the process 
of construction. ,A.fter its completion he was made 
superintendent of construction between Columbia 
and Marietta, and was later made superintendent of 
both branches. In 1894 all the trolley lines in I^an- 
caster county were consolidated under the name of 
the Pennsylvania Traction Company, and Mr. Given 
was made superintendent of the Columbia division. 



The Company became financially involved and 
passed into the hands of a receiver, \\'illiam B. 
Given, a brother of Frank S., being placed in con- 
trol. The company's affairs were successfully ad- 
justed and a reorganization was effected under the 
style of the Conestoga Traction Company, with 
Frank S. Given as general manager. The company 
at this time (December, iqoi) operates a trackage 
of 104 miles, giving to the people of Lancaster 
county rapid transit to nearly all of the tov.-ns, vil- 
lages and boroughs in the county, as well as hand- 
some dividends to the stockholders. Mr. Given is also 
connected with other important and prosperous busi- 
ness enterprises, the building up of which have ma- 
terially added to the prosperity of Lancaster county. 
He is president, treasurer and director of the Tri- 
tnnph Embroidery Company ; also a director in the 
following enterprises : The Columbia Brewing 
Company, the Wilson Laundry Machinery Company, 
and the Conestoga Traction Company, and the un- 
derlying companies leased and operated by it. As 
above stated, he is general manager of the Conestoga 
Traction Company, and in addition thereto is gen- 
eral manager of the Lancaster Gas Light & Fuel 
Company, the Edison Electric Illuminating Com- 
pany, Columbia Electric Light & Power Company, 
and of the seventy miles of pikes controlled and 
leased, by the Conestoga Traction Company. When 
the Columbia Real Estate E.xchange was organized, 
in 1895, he was chosen its president, and is still 
in its directory. He has never cared for public 
office, but in 1896 consented to assume the duties 
©f chief of the Columbia Fire Department, and was 
chairman of the committee that raised $3,250 for 
the entertaining of the visiting firemen on the oc- 
casion of the Centennial of Fire Company No. i, 
of Columbia. Of this celebrated company of fire- 
men Mr. Given has been marshal for six years, and 
during that time, until 1901, it took first prize for 
parading the largest number and appearing as the 
finest body of men at the annual gathering of Penn- 
sylvania firemen. 

Mr. Given is a Democrat in politics, but too 
much absorbed in business to seek political office or 
to take a working interest in political matters. He 
attends the services of the Episcopal Church, in 
which his wife is a communicant. As a manager of 
men Mr. Given is a complete success. While liberal 
and kind of heart, he is strict with his employes 
where the welfare and safety of the patrons of the 
road he manages are concerned, and demands of 
every employe a strict attention to duty. While 
his men know that neglect of duty will be followed 
by reprimand or worse, they also know that they 
will have justice, and because of this he is respected 
by every man in his employ. 

On May 25, 1897, at Columbia, Mr. Given was 
married to Mrs. Mary Gordon Schram, widow of 
the late William M. Schram, a well known jeweler 
of Lebanon, Lebanon Co., Pa. Mrs. Given is one 
of thirteen children born to William and Margaret 

(Blaykes'i Gordon, twelve of whom died in child- 
hood. Her parents originally lived near Dublin, Ire- 
land, whence they emigrated to America. Her fa- 
ther was a man of large means, and prominently 
identified with various transportation interests. Mr. 
Gordon died Aug. 20, 18S1, aged sixty-two, and 
his widow passed away Aug. 4, 1884, in her fifty- 
ninth year, both in the religious faith of the Estab- 
lished Church. Mrs. Given's first husband, Mr. 
Schram, died in September, 1889, within five months 
after their marriage, at the early age of twenty- 
two years. A posthumous child was born, a daugh- 
ter, Hilpa S., who lives with her mother and step- 
father. Mr. and Mrs. Given are endowed with na- 
tive refinement and culture, are unassuming in man- 
ner, affable and courteous to all, in every station of 
life. Their home is one of the handsomest in Co- 
lumbia, and in it fhev delight to dispense a gener- 
ous hospitality. Mr. Given's genial disposition has 
won and kept hosts of friends, while his sagacity and 
probity command universal respect. 

PETER E. WIT.MER, a very well known and 
successful farmer of Rapho township, Lancaster 
county, was born in East Donegal township Aug. 26, 
1838, a son of Peter F. and Elizabeth (Eshleman) 

Peter E. Witmer was married Dec. 28, 1S65, in 
Lancaster, Pa., to Elizabeth ]\I. Strickler, by whom 
he had the following children : Noah S., a farmer in 
Penn township, married to Anna B. Snively, by 
whom he has had one son, Jacob, now deceased ; 
Sarah S., unmarried, and living in Landisville, Pa. ; 
Anna S., living with her brother, Jacob ; Jacob S., a 
farmer of East Donegal township, who was married 
Sept. 6, 1900, to Mary Brubaker; Elizabeth S., Ellen 
S., Peter ,S. and Fanny S. are all at home. 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. (.Strickler) Witmer was born 
on the farm where they are now living Sept. 26. 
1841, a daughter of Ulric and Sarah (Miller) 
Strickler, natives of Rapho and Strasburg townships, 
icspeclively. Her father died on what is now the 
Witmer home farnt Nov. 17, 1S64, at the asje of 
sixty-three years ; her mother survived until i\Iarch 
31, 1890, when she passed away at the age of seven- 
ty-nine years. Her father was buried in a private 
cemetery on an adjoining farm. This was the old 
Strickler farm, antl is closely associated with the 
early history of the Strickler family. The mother 
was buried in Salunga, Pa. These were their chil- 
dren : Mary, the wife of Benjamin Flerr, who has 
a home near Quarryville; Elizabeth, who is ]\lrs. 
Witmer; Peter, who died young: Fanny, who died 
young; David, a farmer in Rapho township; 
Anna, who married a Mr. Horst, and is dead ; John, 
a farmer in Manhcim township; Sarah, unmarried, 
and residing in Salunga, Pa., as does her brother, 
Henry M.. who married, in 1902, Martha Hover, 
from I-ancaster City. 

The paternal grandparents of Mrs. Peter E. Wit- 
mer were John and .'Vnna (Lehman) Strickler, both 



of Lancaster county, as were her maternal grandpar- 
ents. Jobn and ElizabetlT (Kramer) Miller. 

Peter E. \\ itmer remained with his parents until 
three years after his marriage, when he rented a 
farm in Rapho township, on which he lived a year, 
and then foi eleven )-cars cultivated rented farms. 
At the end of that time he bought his present home- 
stead, and has made himself a very creditable stand- 
ing among the farming citizens of this entl of the 
county. He and his wife belong to the Old JMen- 
nonitc Church, and exert a wholesome moral and re- 
ligious influence on those with whom they come in 
contact. In politics he is a Republican, and his 
opinions command respect because they are based on 
observation, and are the result of sound reflection. 

CHRISTIAN ROHRER, deceased. There 
passed away from the scenes of life on June i8, 1897, 
in his seventy-ninth year, a citizen of Lancaster 
county whose life had been most usefully spent in 
his native county, and whose career was more than 
ordinarily successful. Christian Rohrcr possessed 
those sterling traits of earnestness, industry and in- 
tegrity which lie at the base of all true success, and 
in addition was a man of unusual intelligence and 
business sagacity, which contributed not a little in 
establishing liis status as one of the influential citi- 
zens of Paradise township, where he spent n.ost of 
his active adult life. 

Christian Rohrer was born in Strasburg township 
Aug. 3, 1818, the son of Henry and Elizabeth (Ston- 
cr) Rohrer, among the old and prominent residents 
of that section. He was reared in his nati\'e town- 
ship, and soon alter his marriage, when twenty-six 
years of age, he settled on .a farm of iii acres, lo- 
cated in Paradise township, three miles east of 
Strasburg borough, and there began a career which 
■was continued most happily and successfully through 
n long course of years. Upon the farm was located 
an old saw and grist mill which had been operated 
by water power. Mr. Rohrer soon tore ilown this 
old mill and erected on its site the substantial milling 
plant which is still operated by his son, PIcnry S. 
This mill Christian Rohrer conducted in connection 
with farming, until he retired in favor of his son, 
Henry S., in 1S77. He was eminently qualified for 
that industrial occupation, for he was one of those 
men, valuable products of American civilization, who 
possess mechanical genius of a high order. He took 
deep interest in public matters and for tv/cnty years 
or longer was a member of the local school board. 
He was one of the early stockholders of the Stras- 
burg National Bank and for years was one of its di- 
rectors. His interest in the general welfare of the 
community and county was keen and his active aid 
contributed to the advancement of many wordiy en- 
terprises. About 1885 he took a trip to Missouri 
and there made large investments, which resulted 
satisfactorily. His keen insight into business af- 
fairs and his business judgment contiiuicd Ijright 
and imerring in his after years. 

Christian Rohrer married, Dec. 28, 1843, Miss 
Maria Buckwaltcr, born Nov. 18, 1S20, daughter 
of Martin Buckwalter, and to them were born the 
following childien: Elizabeth, widow of John 
Bachman, of Strasburg township ; ]\Iartin B., a resi- 
dent of Strasburg- borough ; Henry S., whose sketch 
appears below ; iimma. wife of William Homan, a 
resident of Chariton Co., Mo. ; Elmira, at home ; 
Ezra, who died at the age of twenty-three years ; 
Mar}-, who died in September, 1899, the wife of John 
Stoner, of Chariton county, Mo. ; Ada Susan, who 
died aged two and a half years ; Ella, who resides at 
the old hoiiiestead : Ida, wife of Elias Mellinger, of 
Strasburg- township. The parents of these children 
have been devoted and consistent members of the 
Mennonite Church. Christian Rohrer died June 18, 
1897. His widow still survives. 

Henry S. Rohrer, son of Christian and Alaria 
(Buckwalter) Rohrer, was born Jan. 12, 1848, in 
J-'aradisc township, on the farm which he now occu- 
pies. He was educated in the public schools and 
also attended the academy at Strasburg for two sum- 
mers. In 1877 he took charge of the home farm and 
mill, which his father had managed so successfully 
for many years, and he has since carried the busi- 
ness to greater proportions. The mills are fitted 
with the most approved machinery. They are 
equipped with both steam and water power, and the 
products include flour and grist, lumber, shingles, 
lath, etc. A large amount of work is turned out 
each year. In 1895 Mr. Rohrer built a large reser- 
voir adjacent to the mill, which supplies it with 
power and is also used for ice making. He recog- 
nizes the importance of possessing the best and latest 
industrial appliances and his plant is a model in that 

Mr. Rohrer married, Jan. 8, 1877, Miss Annie 
:\I. Plaverstick, who was born in Lancaster town- 
ship in 1853, daughter of John N. Haverstick. A 
family of seven children have been born to Mr. and 
:\lrs. 'Rohrer, naniely, Ross H., Mary Alice, John 
C, Frank H., Ezra (deceased), Anna i\I. and Henry 
G. IMr. Rohrer is one of the prosperous and suc- 
cessful business men of the county. His political 
convictions arc deep and his courage and fidelity in 
their advocacy have won him influence and wide re- 
spect. He believes in the Prohibition principles and 
affiliates with die party advocating the same. Mr. 
and ]Mrs. Rohrer arc members of the Old iMennonite 

was born Nov. 13, 1846, on the farni adjoining that 
on which the most of his active life was passed. 
His death occurred Feb. 22, 189S, in the home where 
his family still resides. His ashes were "interred in 
the Resh burying ground, a well-known cemetery in 
Leacock township. 

Mr. Denlinger was a son of Henry and Lydia 
(Resh) Denlinger, both natives of Lancaster county, 
and farming people. They were parents of the fol- 



lowing family : John and Henry, botli of wliom arc 
dead ; Mary, tlie widow of George Fnnderburg, of 
Dayton, Ohio; Anna is the widow of Isaac Bright, 
also living in Dayton ; /Vbraham R. The paternal 
grandparents of Abraham R. Dcnlinger were John 
and. Elizabeth Denlinger, farming iK'ople, who were 
born in Lancaster county. 

Mr. Denlinger w^as married in New Holland, 
Pa., Sept. 12, 1S72, by the Rev. M. J. Mumma, to 
Susanna Groff, by whom he had one child, Fannie 
F. E., who i.s now a school teacher. 

Mrs. Stisanna Dcnlinger was born in Leacock 
township in 1850, and was a daughter of David 
and Fannie (I\Iiles) Groff, of East Lampeter town- 
ship, who lived at the time of her birth near Provi- 
dence township. Fler father was a justice of the 
peace for many years, and was a school teacher for 
a long period. Among his many useful labors was 
surveying for the community. He died in 1857, at 
the age of fifty- four years; his widow died in 1878, 
at the age of seventy-eight. Both were buried in 
Resh cemetery, in Leacock township. To tiiem 
were born : Lydia, wife of Edwin P.renizer, a cigar 
manufacturer of Leacock township ; Reuben, a resi- 
dent of Leacock township ; Isaiah, Amos and Solo- 
mon, all deceased ; Susanna ; Elias, a coach maker 
of Paradise township. 

Abraham R. Denlinger followed farming until 
1872, when he sold his place and gave up farming 
on an extensive scale. He located at Gordonville, 
Pa., where he had a small estate of six acres. He 
traveled for several years quite extensively. In 
1S90 he cntci'ed into business relations with the 
Mutual Life Insurance Company, of New York, and 
became one of their agents. 

In his politics he was a Rei^ublican, and held a 
creditable position in the community. 

THOMAS BAKER, a retired farmer and 
surveyor of Colerain township, Lancaster county, 
was born at Chatham, Chester Co., Pa.. July 13, 
1822, son of Lewis and Diana (Jackson) Baker, 
both of whom were born in Chester county, he in 
1790, she a few years later. 

j\tr. Baker traces his ancestry back definitely to 
Sir Richard Baker, who was born in the county of 
Kent, England, in T568, and died in February, 
1644. He was the autlior of the "Chronicles of the 
Kings of England." Plis son, John Baker, ])nrn in 
1598, died about 1672. They are first found in the 
North of England, where they were property 
owners in the fifteenth century, and in the seven- 
tecntli century were strong su])porters of George 
Fox, and suffered imprisonment under Cromwell. 
About 1650 representatives of the family were at or 
near Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire. The first of the 
family to come to this country was 

(I) Joseph Baker, born in 1630, son of John, 
before mentioned. He was of Shropshire, England. 
With his wife, Mary, he settled in Edgemont town- 
ship, Delaware Co., Pa., in 1685, upon a large 

tract of land. lie was a representative frcmi 
Chester county in the Provincial Assembly in the 
years, 1701, 1703, 1706, 1710, 171 1 and 1713. He 
was a member of the Society of Friends. He died 
in 1716, and his will, dated Dec. 19, 1714, is in the 
register's office at Westchester, Pa. His children, 
all born in England, were : John, Sarah, wife of 
Thomas Smedley ; Robert, and Joseph. 

(II) Joseph Baker (2) son of Joseph, born in 
1667, died in 1735. He married Alartha Wooti- 
ward, and they had children as follows : Richard, 
Aaron, Ann, .Susanna, Jane, Jesse, Sarah, Joseph, 
Rachel, Nehemiah and John. 

(III) Aaron Baker, son of Joseph (2), was 
born in 1701, and died in 1783. He married Mary 
Edwards, and the\' had six children : John married 
Hannah Pennock in 1747. i\Iary married Thomas 
Carrington in 1752. ^lartha married John Clay- 
ton in 1753. Esther* married William Chalfant. 
Aaron is mentioned below. Samuel lived in West 
Marlboro township, Chester Co., Pa., whore he 
founded a branch of the familv. 

(TV) Aaron Baker (2), the great-grandfather 
of Thomas, was born in 1729, in Chester county, 
where, in 1759, he married Sarah Playcs. They 
reared the following family: James (who settled 
near Coatesville, Chester county, where his 
descendants still live), Nathan, Elisha, Levi, 
Joshua, Aaron, John, Hannah, Mary, Pachel and 

(V) Aaron Baker (3), grandfather of Thomas, 
was born in Chester county in 1767, and died there 
in 1853. T"Ic married Plannah Plarland, also a 
native of Chester county, and their cliildren were 
as follows: Lewis, the father of Thomas; Reuben, 
who married ^[ary Davis; Susanna, wife of 
William M. Davis : George, who never married ;. 
Jacob, who married Lydia Lamborn ; Thomas, who 
married Ann Rakestraw ; Samuel, who married 
Mary Rakestraw : .Aaron, who married M. Ottey ; 
Plarland, who married Hannah I'lastburn : and 
Hannah, unmarried. 

(VI) Lewis B:d<er, father of Thomas, was 
born in 1790. in Cliester count^•, and in 1820 mar- 
ried Diana Jackson. They settled near Chatham, 
Chester county, and were farming people all their 
lives, becoming quite prosperous, and adhering 
strictly to the Quaker faith. Mr. Baker died in 
1835, leaving his widow and three sons. The sons 
bought a tract of land in Colerain township, on 
which Thomas Baker was located, the mother re- 
maining in Chester county, where she died in 1853. 
Thomas was the eldest child ; Lewis, the second son, 
married Mary Greenfield, and located on a farm 
near the old homestead in Chester county, where 
lie died in 1846. leaving a widow, who still lives on 

I the old home ; Robert A. died when a young man. 
I Thomas Baker was well educated in the j)ublic 
j schools of Chester county, and for twentv vears was 
{ a teacher in the public schools of Lancaster and 
. Chester counties, pursuing that profession long 


Q::f^^z^tr7'-)-2U2J /ciciAjs/y- 



after his marriage. In 1840 he commenced to 
study surveying, preparing for that work vmder 
Jonathan Goss, at Unionville Academy, Chester 
county, and it has been his main occupation during 
most of his active life. He lias surveyed over 650 
farms in Lancaster and Chester counties, as well as 
land in Virginia, and made his best survey in 1902, 
when almost eighty years of age. 

Thomas Baker was married in June, 1855, to 
Miss Eliza, daughter of James and Abigail Jackson, 
prominent residents of Lancaster county. Mrs. 
Baker was born in Chester county, in May, 1834, 
and was for a number of years a teacher in Lan- 
caster county. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Baker began 
married life on a farm in Colerain township, where 
he erected a brick house and a frame barn. There 
they remained until 1879, when the present hand- 
some brick house on one quarter of the farm was 
built, in which they have since resided. He is 
leading a quiet and retired life, doing, however, 
some little tasks in surveying. His son Lev.'is has 
charge of the farm. Mrs. Baker, while on a visit 
to her son in Philadelphia, in 1893, took cold, and 
died in that city, her husband and four children, out 
of a family of seven born to them, surviving: (i) 
Abbie, born in 1S56, married Howard Brinton, a 
farmer of Colerain township, and died leaving two 
sons, Thomas B. and Lewis B. (2) Allison, born 
in 1858, married Miss Anna Maule, of Colerain 
township, a daughter of J. Comly and S. Emma 
Maule, and is living on his farm in Sadsbury 
township. (3) James E., born in 1859, was gradu- 
ated from the State Normal School at Millersville, 
and is now principal of the Friends Central School, 
Philadelphia ; for some twelve years he has followed 
teaching very successfully. He married Miss Emma 
Maclntyre, of Philadelphia, and they have had six 
children: Walter, born in t886; Ralph, 1888; Jean- 
etta, 1S89 (deceased) ; Marian, 1891 ; Edna, 1895 ; 
and Eugene, Jr., 1897. (4) Xanthus, born in 1S63, 
married Delia Girvin, of Colerain township, and 
resides on his farm near Union, in that township ; 
they have three children : Arthur, born in 1893 ; 
Eliza, 1894: and Victoria, 1896. (5) Lewis, born 
in 1864, died in childhood. (6) Lydia, born in 
1872, died in childhood, iy) Lewis, born in 1870, 
was a student at the Millersville State Normal, 
married Miss Kate Girvin, of this county, and they 
reside at the family homestead, he being manager 
of his father's farm. He has one son, Richard 
Veryl, who. was born in April, 1897. 

Thomas Baker has always been a Republican. 
He has never aspired to political station, though he 
was once elected school director in Colerain town- 
ship, when it was strongly Democratic. He and 
his family are devout adherents to the Quaker faith, 
to which their ancestors have been committed. Mr. 
Baker and his wife took a trip to Europe, visiting 
England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, France and all 
of the German states, spending much time in many 
places of interest. Thomas Baker is a man esteemed 

by his neighbors for his many good qualities and 
excellent character, and in disposition he is a man of 
warm heart and kindly feeling. He is a man of con- 
siderable learning, and is a Latin and French 
scholar. While in England he purchased a book 
published in 1548, a commentary on the wars of 
Europe (in Latin), which he prizes very highly. 

HARRIS A. GLATFELTER, one of the promi- 
nent and leading agriculturists of East Donegal 
township, was born in Codoras township, n York 
county, Nov. 17, 1833, a son of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Aerman) Glatfelter, who came to Lancaster 
county in 1S57, settling in East Donegal township; 
there the former died in 1875, at the age of seventy- 
six and the latter in 1S78, at the same age, both of 
them having been consistent members of the Lu- 
theran Church. 

The children born to Mr. and Ishs. Glatfelter 
were : Margaret, wife of John Walters, deceased ; 
Zacharias, deceased ; Isabella, who married John 
Smyser, and lives in Marietta ; Alaria, residing in 
Harrisburg; Matilda, the widow of Alichael Leb- 
hart, residing in Lancaster; Harris A.; Martin, a 
resident of Mt. Union, Pa. ; Elizabeth E. married 
James L. Jacobs, of Abilene, Kan. ; Malinda, mar- 
ried to Ed. Eowen, of Philadelphia ; Kate, unmar- 
ried, in Philadelphia ; and Samuel, who is a retired 
hotel manager of Columbia, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Glatfelter remained with his parents during 
childhood and young manhood, and from early 
youth showed a willing and ambitious spirit, endeav- 
oring by work for the neighboring farmers to assist 
his poor parents. As early as 185 1 he worked in the 
York mill factory, going from thence to the Strickler 
mill, also in York county, where he remained for a 
year ; then be went back to the town of York and en- 
tered the steam mill, remaining four years, going 
next to a mill near Berlin, in York county, where he 
l. remained another year; for six months he worked at 
Highspire, Pa., going from there to Columbia, 
where his brother-in-law gave him employment in 
hauling for a few months ; but finally he went into 
the Stauft'er mills at East Donegal, where he re- 
mained for the following two years, and then op- 
erated the Summy & Heaston mill, in Rapho town- 
ship for two }ears more. 

By this time Mr. Glatfelter was tired of mill life, 
although a most efficient and capable workman, so 
he came to his present farm and for four years op- 
erated it on shares for his father-in-law, at the end 
of which period he returned to milling, taking charge 
of Musselman's mill, on Big Chickies, remaining 
for four years. In 1870 he returned to the farm 
and has since given his time to an agricultural life. 
For five years he was the township supervisor, fill- 
ing the office most acceptably. 

In Elizabethtown, in 1860, Mr. Glatfelter was 
married to Elizabeth Hollinger, and to tin's union 
was born Horace H., who married Emma Baustick, 
and is a farmer of this township, with one child. 



Irvin B. ^Irs. Glatfelter was born on the farm 
where she died in 1886, at the age of fifty-two. Her 
parents were John and Ehzabeth (Brandt) Hol- 
lingcr. In 1889 Mr. Glatfelter was married, in 
Columbia, to Barbara Weaver, and one child was 
born of this marriage, Ella G. Mrs. Glatfelter 
was born in East Donegal township, a daughter of 
Godfrey Weaver, and died Dec. 4, 1897, at the age 
of thirty-seven. 

Mr. Glatfelter is well and favorably known 
through the county, is a prominent Republican, soci- 
ally IS connected with the O. U. A. M. and the 
K. of P., and is considered a representative and sub- 
stantial citizen. 

JACOB DENLIXGER was one of those men 
of quiet force and character who help to niold and 
elevate the communities in which they live. He was 
a life-long resident of Paradise township, Lancaster 
county, and for thirty-four years was a deacon in 
the Mennonite Church, of which from boyhood he 
had been an earnest and consistent member. He was 
a man of excellent business abilities and wai one of 
the substantial and influential citizens of the town- 
ship, respected and esteemed by all who knew him. 
He was, however, decidedly domestic in his tastes 
;and through life cultivated his well-improved farm 
of 103 acres. He married JNIiss Annie Brubaker, 
and to them came a family of fourteen children. We 
have record of : Mary, who died in childhood ; Annie, 
wife of John L. Kreidcr, of Chariton county. Mo. : 
John B., a farmer of Paradise township, whose sketch 
appears below ; Abraham B., a retired farmer of 
Strasburg borough ; Lizzie, wife of Tobias Leaman, 
of Leacock township ; Tobias, a farmer of Drumore 
township.; Benjamin, deceased, who was a farmer of 
Leacock townshi]i; Hattie, wife of Christ I\Iamery, 
of Paradise township ; Mattie, wife of Esaias Kling, 
of Leacock township ; Amos, a farmer of Paradise 
township ; Henry, retired, of Lancaster ; and Aaron, 
a farmer of Soudersburg. Jacob, the father, died in 
1884, aged seventy-three years. His wife died at 
the age of sixty-two years. 

John B. Diinltnger was born in Paradise town- 
ship, July 17, 1838. Pie was reared on the farm, 
receiving his education in the neighboring public 
schools. In the spring of 1S61 he located on the 
farm which he still occupies, a well cultivated prop- 
erty of 141 acres, situated three miles east of Stras- 
burg. Here he followed farming successfully until 
the spring of 1893, when he retired from active life, 
though since continuing to reside on the farm. He 
has made many improvements on the place and has 
'been one of the most progressive farmers. 

Mr. Denlinger was twice married. PTis first 
Avife was Miss Lizzie Shaub, of West Lampeter 
township, daughter of Henry Shaub. By this mar- 
riage there were four children, Jacob, Henry, Mary 
and the latter"s twin sister, who died in infancy. 
Jacob married Ella Eby, and they have one child, 
Elsie. He occupies and cultivates the home farm in 

Paradise township. Henry is also a farmer of Para- 
dise township. He married Elizabeth Eby, and has 
three children, Lloyd, Annie and Lottie. Mary is 
unmarried and is now matron of the Philadelphia 
Mennonite Home Mission. She has spent four 
years as one of the workers of the Chicago Home 
Mission. The mother of these children died in 1875. 
For his second wife John B. Denlinger married Jan. 
I, 1878, Susan Buckwalter, widow of Israel R. 
Buckwalter. She was born in East Lampeter town- 
ship, Sept. 15, 1837. By this second marriage there 
were two children. Sue B., at home, and an infant, 
deceased. Mrs. Denlinger had two children by her 
former marriage: Luetta, wife of John K. Lefever, 
of East Lampeter township ; and Phares Buck- 
waiter, a resident of Leacock township, who mar- 
ried Miss .'\nna Leaman and has four children, 
Mary, Earl, and Leon and Lib, twins. Mr. and 
Mrs. Denlinger are worthy and consistent members 
of the Old Mennonite Church and the family are 
among the influential and highly respected residents 
of Lancaster county. Mr. Denlinger has served for 
many years as auditor of Paradise township and has 
also been supervisor. He has been prominent in the 
administration of local affair.s, has kept in close 
touch and sympathy with the best interests of the 
community and been ever ready to assist any cause 
or enterprise for the general good. 

JAMES K. DRENNEN. a substantial citizen of 
Fulton township, Lancaster county, is classed among 
the justly esteemed men of his neighborhood. 

^Ir. Drennen was born in Chester county, Pa., 
July 23, 1830, and is of Irish and Scottish origin. 
He is a son of William and Mary (Boyd) Drennen, 
who were married in 1820, and liad children as fol- 
lows : Mary Jane, born Nov. 20, 1821 ; Elienezer, 
Aug. 30, 1823: John M., Oct. 20, 1S25, residing in 
Wrightsville, York county, as a retired farmer; 
William C, Jan. 26, 1828, living in York county; 
James K., July 23, 1830; Helena, Sept. 23, 1835, 
residing in York county; David D., Jan. x, 1S38, 
deceased; Margarctte E., July 25, 1839, deceased; 
and Walker, twin of Margarette, residing in York 
county. The father of this family was born in 
Chester countv in 1796, and his wife was born in 

James K. Drennen married Miss IMartha Isa- 
bella Reed, of Fulton township, Jan. 5, 1858. She 
was a daughter of John and Elizabeth ( McKillough) 
Reed. Mr. and Mrs. Drennen have had the follow- 
ing children : Elizabeth K., born Oct. 23, 1838, the 
wife of William J. Ankrum, of Drumore ; Winfield 
Scott, bom Sept. 23, i86t, who married Miss Belle 
Ankrum, and lives at home; William Lincoln, born 
Aug. 15, 1864, at home, unmarried; Clement R., 
born Aug. 29, 1868, deceased: Harry J., born April 
10, 1873, a merchant in Fairmount, Lancaster coun- 
ty, who married Miss Winona Shoemaker, of Ful- 
ton township; Ada M.. the youngest, born .'\pril 5, 
1877, and died in 1890. Mrs. Drennen died April 



14, 1890. She was a (:;ood Christian woman and a 
kind mother. 

Mr. Drennen was reared on the farm and started 
out in life for liimself wlien 1)nt fifteen years of age. 
In 1847 lie came to Lancaster county with his par- 
ents, who settled on the place he now owns. Mr. 
Drennen owns two good farms, the home place, 
comprising IQO acres with good improvements, and 
a fifty acre place in Drumore township. Politically 
Mr. Drennen is a strong Abraham Lincoln Repub- 
lican, and believes in the party as it was under the 
guidance of the martyred President ; he is a leading 
citizen in his communitv, having served in almost 
nil the local offices in Fulton township — judge of 
elections, school director, supervisor of roads and 
township auditor. Mr. Drennen is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church and was one of the pioneer 
organizers of Sabbath-schools in the township. In 
1S47 h'S brother, John M. Drennen, organized the 
first Sunday-school of the Little Britain Presby- 
terian Church, and James K. Drennen served as 
superintendent. He organized and superintended 
tifternoon Sabbath-schools at Eldora Station, Fair- 
view Shops, Cherrv Plill School House and at his 
own home, and all these exerted a strong moral 
influence. Mr. Drennen's life is an illustration of 
the proverb, "A good man leaveth an inheritance to 
his children's children." 

SA^IUEL E. LANE, the genial landlord and 
proprietor of the "Millway Hotel," belongs to one 
of the old and respected families of Lancaster 
county. His grandfather, Abraham Lane, was com- 
missioner of the county and lived and died there. 
Pie was a farmer and followed that occupation all 
his life. He married Aliss Anna Long, by whom he 
liad four children, viz. : Andrew L., a farmer of 
Oregon, Pa. ; Abram L., of Lititz, a retired farmer ; 
Matilda, the wife of John B. Earl, a retired citizen 
of Lititz ; and Amelia, who married Samuel Bare, 
both being now deceased. 

Andrew L. Lane, father of Samuel E., was born 
in Manhcim township al)out 1840, and has followed 
farming all his life, with the exception of a short 
time when he lived retired. He has been very active 
in politics, and is a stanch Republican. He held the 
office of school director for some rears. Mr. Lane 
married Miss Barbara B. Erb, of Warwick town- 
ship, and they became the parents of nine children, 
three of whom died in infancy. The others arc: 
Abram E., a merchant in Clay township ; Samuel 
E. ; Elmer E., a farmer of Millway ; Cameron E., 
a dentist; Harry E. and Clyde E., at home. 

Samuel E. Lane was horn in Manhcim township, 
Nov. 0, 1866, and remained at home until he was 
twenty-three years of age, receiving his education in 
the common schools, at the Millersville Normal, 
where he spent one term, and at Weidler's Business 
College, of I-ancaster, from which latter he gradu- 
ated. He then began life for himself, farming one 
vear in Neffsville, whence he moved, and six years 

on his father's farm in Alillway. After this he pur- 
chased the hotel at Millway, of which he is now 
the proprietor. He has won a substantial place 
among the mei\ of Millway by his honorable meth- 
ods and hearty spirit, and he has proved his loyalty 
to local interests on many occasions. In politics he 
is a Republican, and he has held the office of school 
director for nine years. 

Mr. Lane wedded I\Iiss Ann Mary Landis, 
daughter of Jacob R. and Susan Landis, and to this 
union have been born two children. Samuel L. and 
Anna B., both at home. 

ROBERT GIRVIN. At the little settlement of 
Iva, located in Paradise township, Lancaster coun- 
ty, Robert. Girvin has been for many years a mer- 
chant. He was reared in that vicinity and pos- 
sessing decided business talents and tastes, he has 
there developed and exercised them, becoming one 
of the prominent citizens of the township and one 
of its benefactors. 

Mr. Girvin is named from his grandfather, Rob- 
ert Girvin, the emigrant, who founded the family in 
Lancaster county. Some time between the years 
1776 and 1780 the latter left his native heath in 
County Derry, Ireland, and settled in Lancaster 
county, locating later in Paradise township, about 
one-half mile west of what is now Iva post-office. 
Here he purchased a tract of fifty acres, upon which 
he devoted himself to farming during the balance of 
his active career and where he lived to the ripe old 
age of ninety-three years. Pie married Miss Mary 
Smith, a native of Lancaster county, by whom he 
had a family of nine children, as follows : James, 
the father of Robert ; William, a farmer of Lancas- 
ter county; John, a farmer of Lancaster county; 
.Samuel, a farmer of Lancaster county ; Daniel, a 
speculator of Lancaster county : Isaac, a farmer, 
merchant and justice of the peace; Annie, who mar- 
ried Samuel Rissler; Margaret, who married Peter 
Niedick ; and Sarah, who married Samuel Bowers. 
Robert and Mary Girvin, the parents, were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church, as were also their 

James, the eldest, was born in Paradise town- 
ship in 1797. He was there reared to manhood and 
there engaged for life in agricultural pursuits, own- 
ing and operating a farm of about 100 acres, and 
was one of the substantial citizens of the county. 
He married Miss Nancy Keene, of Eden township, 
and to them were born the following children : 
Mary, widow of Benjamin Winters, of Iva; Isaac, 
a farmer of Paradise township, now deceased ; 
John, a resident of Paradise township ; Henry, a 
farmer of Bart township, now deceased ; Samuel, a 
resident of Paradise township, a lime burner near 
the Gap ; Anna, a resident of Iva ; Robert ; and 
Elias, a resident of Lancaster. James, the father of 
Robert, lived to the age of seventy-one years, and 
his widow survived him si.x months only. 

Robert Girvin was born on the farm in Paradise 



township, June 2, 1837. He was reared on his 
father's farm and received his education in the com- 
mon scliools. Deciding upon a mercantile career, 
he spent three years as a clerk and then at the age 
of twenty-tive years he began business on his own 
account. He was engaged in a general store in 
Georgetown and later in Strasburg, and in 1S6S he 
started in business as a general merchant at Iva, 
where he has ever since continued successfully, 
starting out in business with a general line of goods 
and so continuing ever since, building up a steady 
and an increasing trade and becoming one of the 
representative and public spirited men in that part 
of Lancaster county, ever ready to lend his aid and 
influence in the furtherance of enterprises for the 
public good. In 1884 he secured the location of the 
post-office, made the name of Iva, and has ever since 
remained the postmaster. In politics Mr. Girvin 
affiliates with the Democratic party, and he has 
served as justice of the peace in Paradise township. 
He married, in 1865, Miss Abbie Hamsher, 
daughter of Anthony Hamsher and a native of 
Strasburg township. To Robert and Abbie Girvin 
have been born a family of nine children, namely: 
Sally; Charles, who married Miss Hattie Hart and 
is a merchant of Williamsport ; Jesse, who married 
Helen Daly and is a clerk for H. K. Mulford & Co., 
of Philadelphia ; Mary, wife of Albert Althouse, of 
Quarryville, and mother of one child, Joe ; Joe, who 
is the assistant in his father's store; and four who 
died in infancy. Mr. Girvin is a member of the 
Reformed Church of New Providence, and Mrs. 
Girvin is a member of the Lutheran Church of 

MILTON L. WEAVER, one of the enterprising 
and successful farmers and business men of West 
Hempfield township, was born in East Lampeter 
township, this county, P"eb. 29, i860, son of Isaac and 
Catherine (Barr) Weaver. The father, a prosperous 
farmer, retired from the old homestead in Lampeter 
township in 1883, and resided in Lancaster city 
until his death, Oct. 27, 1887, at the age of sixty- 
eight years. He is buried at Longenecker's meet- 
ing-house, in West Lampeter township. His widow, 
who was born in 1822, is now a resident of Leola. 
They were members of tlie Reformed Mennonite 
Church. To Isaac and Cal'nerine Weaver were born 
the following children : Mary, wife of John F. Gir- 
vin, a farmer of Leola ; Joseph, a farmer of East 
Lampeter township; Aaron, a farmer of Manor 
township; Benjamin, a farmer of Manor township; 
Milton L., of West Hempfield township, of whom 
we are particularly writing; Lillie, who died young 
and Ephraim E., a farmer of Manor township. 

Milton L. Weaver was reared on his father's 
farm, receiving his education in the neighboring 
schools. At the age of seventeen years he engaged 
in farm work with his brother Joseph, with whom 
he remained ten years. He then began farming for 
himself in Pequea township, and there conducted the 

I farm successfully until 1S08, when he purchased his 

j present place in West Hempfield townsuip, the prop- 

j erty known as Swarr's siding, where he conducts a 

general line of business in coal, flour, grain, feed. 

straw, salt, fertilizers, etc. The mill was erected 

j by Harry Swarr in tSS6. It is of fifty-horsepower 

I capacity, and its product includes all kinds of feed. 

I ]\Ir. Weaver ranks among the leading young citizens 

of West Hempfield township. 

Mr. Weaver was married, in 1S89, at West Wil- 
low, Pequea township, to Miss Cecilia Christ, and to 
them have come four children, three sons and one 
daughter, namely: Isaac, Frank, John and ^lary. In 
politics Mr. Weaver is a Republican. Though com- 
paratively young in years he has prospered notably 
■.n a business way, combining ripe judgment with 
industry and progressiveness of action. He is awake 
to modern improvements in method, while he clings 
to ihe sterling principles of the past, and he has thus 
exemplified in his career the best type of success. 
He is highly esteemed by his wide circle of acquaint- 
ances for his many most estimable qualities. 

firm of Mnsser & Miller, lumbermen and manufac- 
turers in East Donegal township, Lancaster county,. 
Pa., was born in his present home July 16, 1820, a 
son- of Jacob and Jvtartha (Stauffer) Musser, na- 
tives of the same township. Jacob Musser was a 
farmer by calling; he died in December, 1831, at 
thirty-two years of age, the father of six children, 
viz.: Henry S. ; Anna, deceased wife of Rev. H. N.. 
Graybill, a Dunkard preacher and a farmer; Eliza- 
beth, who died young; Martha, widow of Lewis 
Lindermouth, of Marietta; Jacob, who also died 
young; and Abraham, who is living in retirement 
in Marietta. 

Mrs. Martha Musser, who was born August 13, 
1802, was next married to John Miller, a farmer, 
and to this union were born four children, viz.: 
John, of whom a biography is printed on another 
page; Joseph, the junior member of the firm of 
Musser & Miller, whose biography will also be 
found elsewhere; Isaiah, deceased; and Sarah, wife 
of John Conley, a retired ■ banker of Lancaster. 
John Miller, the stepfather of Henry S. Musser, did 
quite an extensive business as a lumber manufac- 
turer in addition to farming, and operated the mill, 
afterward owned by Musser & Miller, until his 
death in 1867, at the age of sixty-one years. Mrs. 
Martha (Musser) Miller survived until 1885. 

Henry Stauffer IMusser lived on the home farm 
until the death of his father, when he went to West 
Hempfield township and for five years lived on the 
farm of an uncle. Rev. Hostetter, a Dunkard min- 
ister: he then returned to his mother, who by this 
time had re-married, and lived in the old homestead' 
again vmtil he had reached his majority (1841), 
when he was awarded his share of his father's es- 
tate, which he invested in connection with his step- 
father in the lumber business. In 1863 he was 



joined by Air. Alillcr in the business whicli he con- 
ducted so successfully up to his death, which oc- 
curred Jan. 17, 1901, when he was aged eighty 
years, six months and one day. 

}Ar. Alusscr was married in July, 1S47, in East 
Donegal township, to Miss Anna -M. Greisinger, 
and six children crowne<l ihi.s union, viz. : Eliza- 
beth, wife of Charles Johnson, of rhiladelphia; 
Stephen, who married Mary Sellers, but is now de- 
ceased ; Frank, who was killed in December, 1S67, 
when he was thirteen years of age. bv a pile of lum- 
ber falling upon him in his father's yard : Ada, mar- 
ried to Dr. John J. .Stciner, of Jefferson county. Pa. : 
Stanton, of Columbia, married to Mav Grier; and 
Lincoln, member of the firm of Johnson & Musser 
Seed Co., who married Emma Porrieroy. }ilrs. 
Anna M, (Greisinger) iNIusser was born Oct. 3. 
182S, in Rapho tow"nship near Alt. Joy, Lancaster 
county, and is a daughter of Jacob and Anna AI. 
(Lindersmith) Greisinger. of East Hemptield town- 
ship and Alt. Joy respectively. Jacob Greisinger 
■was a coachmaker by trade and also followed farm- 
ing, but Jived retired for several years prior to his 
death, in 1868, at the age of seventy-five years. His 
widow survived until 1873, when she tlied at the 
age of eighty. They were members of River 
Brethren Churcii and their remains were buried in 
the Florin cemetery. Thev >vere the parejits of four 
children, viz.: P-arbara, widow of Christopher Sner- 
ick, of Alt. Jov ; Stephen, a farmer of Rapho town- 
ship ; Anna AI., Airs. Alusser: and Sarah AI., de- 
ceased wife of Henry Gish. The paternal grand- 
parents of Airs. Alusser v.xre Stcplien and Alary 
(Brubakcr) Greisinger, the former of whom was a 
farmer near Landisville. 

Henry S. Alusser, in addition to his lumber busi- 
ness, owns considerable land, wdiich he laid out in 
town lots, bcsiiles other valuable property in close 
proximity to A 1 arietta borough. He was a director 
in the First National Bank of Marietta, and also in 
the Alarietta Turnpike Comi^any. He was very 
well preserved for his years, and seldom had occa- 
sion to use spectacles. In politics he was a Repub- 
lican, and for six years scrveil as county prison in- 
spector. In religion he was a Dunkard. and bore an 
unblemished reputation for integrity, both in private 
and business life. 

DAVIS A. BROWN, of Fulton township, may 
T)e well classed among the prominent and substantial 
men of Lancaster county. He was born in East 
Earl township, this countv, near Terre Hill. Aug. 
28, 1830. 

Nathan B. Brown, his father, was born in Sus- 
<iuehanna county. Pa., in 1706, and came to Lancas- 
ter county when a young man. He died in East 
Ear! township in 1864. In iSiS he married Aliss 
Susannah Gabel, of Berks countv, Pa., and they had 
•eight children: Alarv A., who is the wife of Isaac 
T"oltz, of Terre Hill,' Pa.; W. W. (deceased), an 
attorney in Lancaster for many years ; George \V., 

a resident of Philadelphia; Isaiah (deceased), who 
; was a doctor for many years ; Davis A. : Levi B., a 
1 resident of Davenport, Iowa ; Phiaima, the wife of 
I Oliver Stephens, of Alichigan ; and Samuel H., de- 
i ceased. 

: Garrett Brov>n, the grandfather of Davis A., 
i was a native of Suscuiehanna county. He liad the 
I following family : Nathan B., Thomas, John, F.ob- 
. ert, Garrett, Alargaret and Johnson, of whom the 
! last named still lives in Davenport, Iowa. The old 
i Garrett Brov.-n family founded the tov,-n of Browns- 
I ville, in Canada, and some of its members became 
, very wealthy. The family is of Irish stock. 
j Davis A. Brown married Aliss Rachel Patton, of 
i Fayette county, Pa., Nov. 24, 1857. She is a daugh- 
i ter of Thomas Patton, who was of English origin, 
j and who married Emma Harris. They had eight 
I children, namely : four boys — J. Harris, of New 
I York City, an author and historian of note, num- 
' bering among his works a history of the United 
i States: R. Johnson, deceased; J. Finley, who lives 
I in the family homestead in Fayette county. Pa. ; and 
: Thomas, a real-estate man of Greensburg. Pa.; four 
( daughters — Rebecca Finley, deceased ; Sarah, v.dfe 
\ of S. W. Boyd, ex-sheriff of Favette county ; Ilar- 
1 riet. widow of E. F. Houseman, editor of the 
■ (jreensburg Herald, living at Greensburg: and 
I Rachel. To Air. and Airs. Brown have been born 
! the following named children : W. T.. the present 
I able district attorney of Lancaster county ; Anna R., 
wife of I. Haines Dickinson, a general merchant, of 
Ouarryville, Pa.; Alary, wife of Ira H. Herr, a real 
e=tate dealer at Lancaster; Dr. B. L., a druggist 
I and practicing physician at Philadelphia ; Clara L., 
] wife of.lJavis Gillespie, superintendent of mining in 
I West Virginia : Ada. a teacher in tlie nublic sciiools ; 
! Elizabeth, wiic of Henry AVesterhofi, of Ephrata, 
j proprietor of silk mills: and Hampton H., the 
i yoiuigest, a druggist in Philadelphia. 
I Davis A. Brown was educated in the public 
schools, for a time taught in the schools of the coun- 
j ty, and has been director of scb.ools for his town- 
i ship. In 1S66 he received the appointment, under 
President Johnson, of revenue assessor for the 9th 
: district, Lancaster county. Pa., which office he ad- 
] ministered with ability and justice. He is a strong 
I Republican in politics, and religiously is associated 
with the Presbyterian Church. He is the present 
iustice of the peace of Fulton township, having been 
once appointed by the Governor and twice elected 
; to that incumbency. Air. Brown bought his pres- 
ent 200-acre farm in the above named township in 
1862. The Brown family is one of the most promi- 
nent in the countv. The Squire has a family of 
which he may well be proud, while he himiself is one 
of the most popular and beloved men in his com- 

JACOB B. WISSLER. now living retired in 
the village of Lititz, descenrls from one of the old 
and honored families of Lancaster county. 



The first member of tliis branch of the Wissler I 
family in America sailed v.ith his wife from Ger- ' 
many to Philadelphia in 1720. On the voyage, to- ', 
gether with other. able-bodied men on the vessel, he i 
was impressed into the naval service by a ;r;an-of- ' 
war. His wife continued the journey to Philridel- 
phia, where he joined her on the expiration of his ; 
term of service. She was employed by a farmer of 1 
Germantow n and he also took service with a farmer i 
in tlie same locality, where thev passed the remainder i 
of tlieir lives. Andrew Wissler, their son, removed 
to Lancaster county, Pa., where he entered the em- ' 
ploy of Jricoi) Groff, an extensive farmer in what is 
now Clay township. In 1767 he married th:e only 
daughter of his employer, and in this way became 
the owner of the old Grofi homestead, which was ; 
taken up in 1724 by John Jacob Grot?, father of 
Jacob. It was divided into four farms Ijy Jacob ■ 
Wissler, son of Andrew, but has ever since rem.ained • 
in the Wissler family. Andrew bad two si"ns. J.jhn , 
and Jacob, the former of whom died unmarrieij. ( 

Jacob Wissier. son of Andrew, was born in Clay 
township in T778, and was one of the successful 
farm.ers of that section, his entire attention ' 
to tinti! bis death, which occurred in i 
1850. He had accumulated a fine property at the i 
time of his death, cvnincT four farms. He was one ; 
•of the old Meimonites of the county. Jar-b Wiss- 1 
ler in tBoo m.?rried Miss Anna Ely, and they v,"ere : 
the parents of ten children : Andrew, a farmer and 1 
merchant, who died in jNIichigan; Jacob, the father ; 
of Jacob B. ; Christian, a miller and Ezra, I 
a farmer of Clay township; J-'iagdelina, wife of Ja- 1 
cob Landis of Ephrata township ; Levi, a farmer j 
and tanner; Samuel, a miller of Canada: .Mary, wife 1 
of Levi Erb; Catherine, deceased; and John, a tan- I 
ner, v.' ho died in Virginia. | 

Jacob Wissler was born in Clay township in 1 
1803. He. too, followed farming extensively until i 
one year before his death,, vv'hen lie retired. He was | 
a member of the Ckl Mennonite Church. He ' 
ried Miss Barbara Bomberger, and to them were ' 
born five children : Anna, wife of Christian Hess ; 
Jacob B. : Martha, wife of Samuel R. Hess; Mary, 1 
wife of Peter P.. Rchrer ; and Levi, who died when 
eight years of age. I 

Jacob B. Wissler was born in Clay township, ' 
Sept. 4. 1828. He lived at home until he was 1 
twenty-six years of age, during his bovhctod attend- ' 
ing the common schools. He began life for him.self I 
at farming, in Clay township, on one of his fatlier's ; 
farms, where he remained twenty-two years, after ; 
which he purchased the place where he now resides, ; 
and on which he has made extensive improvements ; ' 
his home is in the village. Mr. Wissler is engaged , 
to some extent in raising tobacco, though he is prac- 
tically retired. In politics he is a Republican, and : 
he held the otiice of school director for some vears. 
Mr. \\'issler was married Sent. 5, 1854. tn Miss 
Anna R. Pinihaker. daughter of Joseph and Susinna : 
Erubaker, and to union have been born five ' 

children, two of whom died in infancy, and one i;. 
childhood. Joseph is a farmer of Clay township ., 
Lizzie is the wife of Christian B. Resser. Mr. an.'. 
Airs. Wissler are both members of the Okl r\f(j!i- 
nonite Church. Th.ev enjoy the good-wiil and i-- 
teem of all who know them, and ?4r. Wissler Va^ 
always been regarded as one of the representative 
substantial citizens of tiie communitv. 

E^[ANL■EL F. HOSTETTER, one .of Man- 
heini's .most active and enterprising business men, 
as well as one of its representative citizens, is a nr,- 
tive of Lancaster county, born on the Ho.stetter 
homestead, in Pcnn township. Mav 24. iS;;. an^i a 
son of John and Eii^abcth (Fornev'* Hostetter, now 
deceased, the former having died in iSo^, the latter 
in 1867. 

John Hostetter was a son of Jacob Hostetter, a 
Mer.nonite minister, was born and reared on a farm 
in Penn township and throughout life followed 
farming. He was also one of the heaviest cattle 
dealers of his day. and for twenty vears was engaged 
in that business, buying his stock in the West 
and shipping it to Lancaster county for distribntion. 
He was also one of the most progressive men of his 
time, was instrumental in securing the biiiid'ng of 
the Philadelphia & Reading Railroad through this 
section, and became a heavy stockholder in it. For 
vears he was a director in tiie Lancaster County 
National Bank, and was one of the organizers of 
the IManheim National Bank, of which he was also 
a director. During the '50s he ilivi'ivd his farm 
between his two sons, John and Ephraim. and pur- 
chased the Manheim rniil from John Boslcr. v^-hich 
he conducted for some ten years, at the same tim.e 
owning and operating a mill and distillerv near 
Liverpool, Perry Co.. Pa. About i860 he retired 
from active life and lived quietly in IManheim until 
his death. Politically he was at first a strong Whig 
and later a Republican. He was twice married, hi.? 
first wife being a Miss StaufFer. by whom he 'nad 
three children : Henry S.. a resident of Penn town- 
ship. Lancaster county ; F.iizal'jeth. deceaseil wife of 
T. L. Stehman. of Lititz ; and Sarah, widow of Dan- 
iel Grosh. of tiie same place. The father's second 
wife was Miss Elizabeth Forney, a daughter of 
John Forney, who lived near Brownstown. and to- 
them were born five children, namely: Ema'-meF 
F. ; Benjamin, who died in childhood; John F., a 
farmer, now deceased ; Ephraim, wlio has been pro- 
prietor of "Hotel .Superior" in Chicago. TIL. since 
1890; and Maria, deceased wife of John Kurtz. 

Emanuel F. Hostetter was reared on the home 
farm until fourteen vears of age. and attended the 
public schools of the neighborhood, completing his 
education, however, by one term at Lititz .academy. 
Coming to ATanheim at the a<re of I'lfteen. he en- 
tered the .store of John Schaeffer as clerk, and re- 
m.ained in his employ two years, at the end of which 
time he went to Lancaster and worked eicrhteett 
months for David Bear, a merchant of tliat place. 



Having a clciire to see something of the country, 
he then went west lo lilinois, and located in Free- 
port, where he spent eight years, clerking in si dry 
goods store two vears. l'"or one year he was en- 
gaged in the grain business with Joseph S. Eru- 
baker and Jolin Slott, as a member of the lirm of 
Slott, Hostetter & Bnibaker; for two years he con- 
ducted a grocery establishment, and then engaged 
in the real estate business for the remainder of his 
stay in Freeport. In iSiSo Mr. Hostetter returned 
to J.Ianheini, Pa., but for one year operated his fa- 
ther's mill in Perry county, this State. Since then 
he has made his home permanently in Manheim and 
has been prominently identitied with its business in- 
terests. He established the first coal yard here, but 
after conducting it one year he sold out to a ^^Ir. 
Kline ; the yard is now owned by E. H. Hershey. 
He was next engaged for two years in mercantile 
business at Lancaster, under the firm name of Hos- 
tetter & Bruner, sellmg out at the end of diat time 
in order that he might settle up the estates left by 
his father and father-in-law. After two years de- 
voted to that, he em.barked in the manufacture of 
brick at ^tanheim, o]iening in 1S65 the second yard 
established b.ere. and he has since engagedc in that 
business. From 18')" until 1899 he aiao conducted 
a store in ^vlanheiui, carrying a line of clothing, 
hats, caps and gents' furnishing goods, but in May 
of the latter year he disposed of his stock. Since 
1SS5 lu; has been interested in the livery business in 
Manheini, and for the past quarter of a century has 
engaged in. the cultivation of tobacco. He is a good 
tN-pe of the energetic, wide-awake and progressive 

In 1S58 I\[r. Hostetter was united in marriage 
with Miss Elizabeth A. Ensminger, a daughter of 
Samuel Ensminger. who at that tim.e was treasurer 
of Lancaster county. Three children were born of 
this union, but two died in infancy. W-mielta, the 
only one now living, is the wife of H. C. Stauffer, 
teller in the 2\Ianheim National Bank. 

Religiously Mr. Hostetter is a member of the 
Reformed Church : socially he is connected with the 
Indepenilent CVder of Odd P'ellows. while politically 
he is a stanch Republican. He keeps abreast of the 
times and is thoroughiv up-to-date in all respects. 
As a citizen he ever stands ready to discharge any 
duty that devolves tipon him, and gives his support 
to every enterprise for the public good. 

JOSEPH K. NEWCOMER, a progressive 
farmer of Manor townsliip, with his home on his 
neat farm of thirty-six acres three miles southeast 
of Columbia, Lancaster Co., Pa., was born on the 
homestead of which he now owns a part, Nov. 18, 
1S34, and until twenty-six years of age he devoted 
his services to his parents and then began opera- 
tions on liis own account on his present property. 

On Nov. iS. iSt')0, Josepii K. Newcomer mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Rohrer, daughter of Rev. Eph- 
raim Rohrer, of Manor township. This lady died 

in 1867, leaving two children,, a miller, 
now m West Hempfield tov.nship, and. Emma, wife 
of Araos Doerstler, of Mrnor township. Josepti K. 
Newccm^er next m.arried, in 1S72, ^.liss Elizabeth 
Seitz, daughter of Rev. George Seitz. of Manor 
township, and this union has also been blessed with 
two children: D. Vernoji. a prominent school 
teacher of Elizabethtown : and Harry S., married to 
}>Ii55 Ella M. Warfel. a school teacher of Conestoga 
tov,-;:r;hip and a daughter of Aldus C. Warfel, of 
Millersville, Pennsylvania. 

-Mr. Newcomer is a devoted and consistent mem- 
ber of the IMennonite Church, to which he has al- 
v.ays given freely and cheerfully of his means, and 
he has ever been one of th.e leadiing and progressive 
farmers of his township, his surroun-lings giving 
ample evidence of Ins thrift and excellent manage- 
ment. No man in the township is more highly re- 
spected, and no one is more justly entitled to I'le 
esteein dcri'.-cd from a long and useful life in the 

I TA}.[ES WOOD. the representative 

I families of Lancaster county none have stood in 

I higher public estimation through generations than 

i that of Wood. Far back in tlie time of William 

I Penn the emigrant ancestor of the family started 

from his liom.e. in Lancashire, England, withi his 

wife and sons, William and Joseph, to find r. hon'e 

I with other Quaker families in Pcnnsyivania. On 

the passage son was born, who was nauieci 


[oseph Wood was a son of Thomas and his chil- 
dren were Thomas. Jose;)h, Jesse, Lydia, Elizabeth, 
David. John and Day, and of this family, Jesse be-' 
canie tlie grandfather of James, of this sketch. Ey 
3 t'.rst marriage Jesse Wood hud two sons. John and 
Dav ; and bv a second marriage, one son, James. 

James Wood was born July 17, 1821, and died 
Aug. 9, 1894. In 1S45 he w^as married to Mercy ' 
"SI. Carter, wdio was born Nov. 20, [S22, and who 
still resides in Little Britain townslvlp. This union 
resulted in the hir:h of eigh.t children: ;\ifred. a 
farmer in Fulton township: Susan, the v/ife of El- 
wood H. Townsetu), a sketch of whom is given else- 
wdiere : Jesse, a fanner in Little Britain tcwnship : 
-Mary, deceased wife of Davis E. .-\llen. a farmer of 
Avondale. Chester countv : Lticretia, who is the wife 
of John W. Smedley of Chester county; Lewis, a 
farmer of Little Britain township ; Ida, who died un- 
married : and James, of this biography. Sketches 
are also given of Alfred. Jesse and Lewis. James 
Wood was one of the leading men in his part of 
Lancaster countv, most highly esteemed both in pub- 
lic and private life. For many years he was the 
president of the Farmers National Bank of Oxford, 
■was countv comuii^sioner, and one of the most pub- 
lic-spirited citizens of his part of the State. During 
a great part of his life he was the administrator of 
man\- estates and the trusted gunrdian of children. 
Everv dutv was perform 

ith tlie integritv of 



character for ^vliich he was so well known. No 
more respected man ever lived in Little Britain 
to\vnship than the strict Quaker, James Wood. His 
descendants are many and worthily represent the 
stock from which thev have spruncr. 

James Wood, the .<;on. has been a farmer all his 
life. He is one of the present auditors of the town- 
ship and an active Republican of the locality. His 
farm is one of the best and most valuable in the 
vicinity and displays evidences of the prosperity and 
good taste of its occupants. 

The first marriace of James Wood was to 
Philena C. Eoyd, on Jan. ii, 18S7. a daus;hter of 
V.'illiam C. Boyd_. of .Alartic township, and her 
death occurred Sept. 28, i8q2. His second mar- 
riage was to Elizabeth K. Fite on 3.1arch 24. 1S96: 
she was born Dec. 14. iSfto. ami was a daughter of 
Samuel and Kel.-ecca Fite, of Little Britain township. 
Samuel Fite was of Scotch-Irish ancestry, was born 
in 1S25, and now resides with his dau;qhter and 
husband. The mother was born ]\[arch 24. 1824. 
and died Jan. 27, 1802. Both James and Elizabeth 
K. Wood are consistent m.embers of the Society of j 
Friends and are among the most hospitable and i 
highly esteemed residents of Little Britain. ! 

SLATER F. BROWX. of Fulton township. ] 

Lancaster county, was born ]\Iarch 28, 1841, son of : 

Elisha and Rachel W. CBradway) Brown. Tiie 1 
family is of English stock. The father was born 

Dec. 12, 1814, and died in 1830. Tiie mother was : 

born Dec. 21, iSr8, in Chester comity. Pa., and tiicir | 

marriage occurred in 1S40: five children were horn i 

to them, as follows: Slater F. : IMarv E.. wife r.f ; 
William Pugh. of Chester county: Thomas P... a 

banker and real estate dealer in West Chester, Pa. : i 

Qiarles H., deceased : Walter W., cashier of the ' 
West Grove Bank, and a much esteemed 

citizen of \\'esl Grove, Chester county, who died ' 

Feb. 6, 1902. ' ! 

Slater Brown, the grandfather of Slater F., was 1 

one of the leading citizens of his time. He was a 1 
brother to Hon. Jeremiah Brown, a district judge of 

Lancaster countv. and a member of Congress fnim ; 

7840 to 1844. Slater Brown was the father of four ; 

children: Elisha (the father of our subiectl, Ra- i 

chel, Jeremiah and .Mary, all of whom are deceascil i 

except Mary, who now resides in Lancaster City. . 

Slater F. Brown married Miss Charlotte M. 1 
Howell, daughter of John Howell, of Philadelphia, 

and this marriagejias been blessed with the folU-'W- ■ 

ing children: Lawrence F., born July 30, 1872, rti- i 

married and in business in Atlantic" City": Thomas C, | 

born Aug. 5, 1S74. who died at the age of twcntv- 1 

five years, unmarried : Rachel ^\'.. born June 7, i877. I 

residing at home: Charles H., born Sept. 14. iS8t, i 

unmarried and living in Philadelphia: ^lerton E., i 

bom May 16, 1885. The m.other of this family wns ■ 
born Jan. 14. 183 1. 

Mr. Brown owns a fine farm of 115 acres, well j 
improved and stocked, which is in a high state of 

, cultivation, sliowing e\-ery evidence '"•f care and ^-jr^ 
: manas;ement. In political sentiment Mr. Brown is r. 
Republican, but he lias never desired or souglit :o 
hold office. He is a member of tlie Socictv .^f 
Friends, is an honored and highly esteemed citizen, 
and because of his many excellent qualities hi- 
iriendship and acquaintance is souglit bv ali the best 
m.en in the com.munity. 

SA^IUEL 3r0XTEBACH ilYERS, for vears 
head of the firm of Silvers & Rathfon,' the 
leading clothiers of Lancaster, now head of the 
firm of S. M. ^.lyers & Co.. because of die retire- 
ment of Mr. Rathfon, is descended from a vrr- 
old Pennsylvania family, both paternallv and 
maternally. His grandfatiier, Jacob Mver's. v.-h? 
born in Lancaster county, and passed his entire life 

Frederick Mvers. the father of Samuel M., was 
a well-known tailor of Mnnheim. He married 
Elizalieth Montebach, a native of Warwick town- 
ship, this county, and a representati-\-e of a pioneer 
family. Eleven children blessed this union, four 
of v/Jiom are living: Margaret, widow of William 
Thatcher, of Newtown. Ranho township ; Elizabeth, 
v.-ife of .Solomon Srlioll. of Lancaster; Andrew, a 
grain dealer of Turon, Kans. ; and Samuel }.!., 
Vvhose name introduces this sketch. 

Samuel Montebach Mvers was b^rn in Newtown, 
Rapho township, Oct. ri. 1824. His education was 
received in the schools of the district. Leavi;ig 
school at the age of fifteen, young iMvers 
became an apprentice to the dry-goods business in 
Columbia, ancl from there went to [Mt. Jov, where 
for a time lie was salesman in a store. He then 
entered trade on his own accotmt. as a member of 
the firm of Arndt, Bechtold & Myers, continuing 
thus until he was elected by the Republicans of 
Lancaster county to the i>osition of clerk of the 
Orphans" court, when, with his wife, whom he had 
married iti Mt. Joy, h.e came to Lancaster, where 
he has since rosit'ed. After serving intelligently 
and iaitliftilly in th.e office mentioned, Mr. D.Ivers 
bought out a clothing store in Lancaster, and at th; 
end of the first year associated with liimself. as 
partner. Jacob Rathfon. This partnership existed 
for an ordinary lifetime, and was far more than 
ordinarily successful. For a time the firm carried 
on the clothing trade in Center Square, and then 
built the large and elegant establishment at No. is 
East King street, at that time one of the mo>: 
notable business structures in Lancaster, and even 
in these days of fine industrial mercantile structures 
in the city equalled by fev.' of the finest buildings 

Politically Mr. ?dycrs has always been an 
earnest, stanch and devoted Republican, and in 
recognition of his devotion to party principles and 
party interests he was elected countv commissioner 
for three terms (in addition to clerk of th.e Orphans' 
court), served a term as member of the cornm.oti 
branch of ilie citv councils from the old Northeasc 



u-ard, and was strong-Iy urt^'ed by thousands of 
Republicans for meiTil)cr of Conc^ress from this 
district, and also for mayor of the city. 

]\rr. Mvers has been twice married. His first 
vife was Anna Mary Dysart, daughter of the late 
Robert Dysart, ex-coroner of Lancaster county. By 
this union seven children were born, three of whom 
nre living': Ella C, wife of A. AY. Kime, who is 
in the clothing business in Reading: Margie, wife 
of AValter W. Hollingcr, superintendent of tlie real 
estate department of IMyers & Rathfon. and now 
a member of the firm of S. ^L'-Myers & Co., and 
Anna Bertha, at home. The mother of these died 
in January, iSoo. and in November, 1900, Mr. 
r\Iyers married ^liss Cornelia Christie, of Cecil 
county, TMaryland. 

Associated with }.W. Rathfon Mr. Myers has 
built fully one hundred dweUing-houses in Lan- 
caster, including his own elegant hcm.s on North 
Duke street, and the suijstantial and commodious 
store building on East King .street. Besides all 
this property, Mr. Myers owns a handsome cottage 
at Ocean Grove, where he has spent his stimmicrs 
for the past thirty years, and is a member of the 
board of control of tlie Ocean Grove .Association. 
In religious circles he is an enthusiastic worker, and 
is a trustee and class-leader of the First >.L E. 
Churc'n of Lancaster. He was not only one of the 
promoters, but he contributed one-tenth of the 
entire cost, of the magnificent new church on North 
Duke street. He was at one time a member of the 
. board of managers of tlie Landisville Camp fleeting 
Association : was twice delegate to the General 
Conference of the Methodist church, and served as 
a member of the board of stewards of the Phila- 
delphia Conference for some years. Indeed, there 
is no more earnest, more liberal or more prom.inent 
Methodist in the state of Pennsylvania. In addition 
to his church work, -which next to the devotion to 
his family is the mainspring of his life. Mr. Myers 
is a Knight Templar in ^^lasonry, a member of the 
Knights of Pythias, and vice-president of the 
Lancaster Trust Co. In brief, there is no name 
in Lancaster more widely known or more greatly 
respected than that of Samuel ]\I. ■Myers. 

JOSEPH P. AMBLER. In every locality where 
agricultural life is at its best, may be found a number 
of most estimable citizens, who, after lives of unus- 
ual activity, have settled down to enjoy advancing 
years in ease amid the comforts which their early in- 
dustry has provided. One of the fine farms near 
Goshen. Pa., in Fulton township. Lancaster county, 
is owned and occupied, although no longer operated, 
by such a man, Joseph P. Ambler. 

The Ambler family is one of those which has ma- 
terially assisted in the settlement and development 
of the State of Pennsylvania. Some tim.e early in 
the last century three brothers of tiiis name came 
from acro«s the Atlantic, one of whom, Edward, be- 
came the founder of the family hi Lancaster county. 

I and from this ancestor came: Andrew, Edward, 
: William, Elizabetb, the wife of John Rutter, and 
j Ann, the wife of Israel Chills. 

j William Ambler, the father of Joseph P. Ambler, 
vv-as born in 1789, and died in 1S62, after a m.ost ex- 

■ emplary life, filled ^vitll generous and benevolent 
I deeds. In 1817 he was united in marriage to Eliza- 
beth Penrose, wdio was born in Bucks count", Pa., 

! and both she and her husband were through life 
I consistent members of the Society of Friends. They 
; reared a family of eight children: Adaline. who 

■ was born Nov. 26. I8r^?. and married James Smediev, 
1 of Fulton township, both deceased ; j^-isenh P., men- 
! tioned below; Owen, born June 10, T822, deceased; 
I Thomas E., born in 1S24. who died March 27, 1S94; 
I Louis and David, who died in childhood, in 3.Iont- 
i gomery county : Edward and Ann, twins, born in 
i 1827, in Drumorc township. 

i JoseTih P. Amiiier was born Jan. 18, 1820. a son 
i of \\"ii;!am and Elizabeth (Penrose") Ambler, the 
I former of whom was a native of ^Montgomery coun- 
I ty. and the latter of Bucks county. Fa., of Scotch- 
i Irish ancestry. His education was received in the 
I best schools afforded by the time anfl place, and he 
was brought tip to the duties of farm life. In those 
days the greater part of the labor was done by hand, 
much of the machinery now in use having never been 
yet thought of. so wdien young Joseph started 
out to malce a career for liimseif. it was with but sev- 
cntv-nve cents in money, but with a larg-e and com- 
plete knowledge, gained through experience, of the 
management of croyis and the rai5ing of cattle. 

Spending his money to enable him to cross the 
Susquehanna river, Joseph Ambler sought farm. 
work, soon found it. and so honest and indus- 
trious was he and so thorough was his knowl- 
edge, that he -was soon able to command high- 
er wages than were paid to less useful work- 
ers, and here he laid the foundations of a for- 
tune, unusually large to have been acquired 
through industry alone. A consistent member of the 
-Society of Friends, he has never engaged in specu- 
lative enterprises, a'nd stands before liis rom.munity 
speciall'- honored and esteemed. His present pos- 
sessions comprise two e:cce!lent farms in Fulton 
township and one in IMartic tov.mship, aggregating 
250 acres of valuable land, all of these being im- 
proved ^\^th commodious barns and comfortable 
dwellings: a fine mill property, which is of consid- 
erable value : while aside from these he has some 
$20,000 at interest. Joseph Ambier is also financi- 
ally interested in the Ouarryville National Bank, at 
(.">uarryville. Pa., l>eing both a director and a stock- 
holder, and he is one of th.e loading men in all of the 
important and nrogressive enterprises of his local- 
ity. As a pr.->0! of his substantial position, if proof 
were ricedcd, Mr. Ambler is the largest tax payer in 
Fulton town'^liJn. 

In 1848 Joseph P. .\mb!cr was married to Eliz- 
abeth Smc^licy. wdio was born in 1824. and died 
.April 10, i8<)0; .^he vyas a daughter of Eli Smedley, 



a farmer of Fulton township. Seven children were 
born to this union : Leancler. who died in chil'.l- 
hood ; L>'dia, wlio also died in chilflhood ; Laura, 
who married iVlfrcd Jewell, of Chester county ; Alva, 
born ^larch 8, i860, who died Sept. 7. 1S81 ; Sarah, 
who married Walter P. Reynolds, of Oxford. Pa. ; 
Eli, who died in infancy; and Charles, v/ho married 
Lulu Scott, of Little Britain, and resides on tiie home 

In politics ^Ir. Ambler has been a consistent 
member of the Republican party, and throughout his 
life has exerted his influence in favor of law, order 
and good citizenship. A man of temperate habits, 
he has set an example to those who follow him. No 
citizens are more thoroughly representative of the 
best agriculturists of his cor.ntv than himself and 
son, and none are more highly esteemed. 

JOHN W. SHOWAKER, a prominent farmer 
of Bart township, Lancaster county, was born in 
Paradise township. Aug. 7, 1842, a son of John 
and 2\Iargaret (Rvland) Showakcr, both of whom 
were natives of .Montgomery county, where he was 
born in 1703, and his wife in 170S. 

Jolm Showaker was a son of Godfrey Showaker, 
who was born in Germany and settled in Mont- 
gomery county, where he an<l his wife died, leaving 
a familv of three children. John. Henrv and Cath- 
erine. Henry dietl mniarried in }dontgomcry coun- 
ty. Catherine married John Dro'jker and settled in 
Germantown, where she died, leaving a family of 

John Showaker was married in Montgomery 
county in 1832. He came to Sadsbury township, 
where he was engaged some vears as a farmer.. 
Then he moved into Pararlise township, and he lived 
there until 1848. That year he bought the present 
farm home of his family near Nickel Mines, in Bar: 
township. There he made substantial improve- 
ments, ptit up a brick house, connecting with the 
house already built, and there he remained until his 
deatii in 1858. He left a widow who died in i88r. 
Both were members of the Lutheran Church, and 
led honorable and nprieht lives. In politics he v.'as 
a Whig. Thev had three children. ( i) Catherine 
was born in Montgomery countv in 1820, and was 
reared in Lancaster county, where she married 
James Martin, of Bart township. He was a civil 
engineer, and had a home in Germantown, where 
both died, she in 1S96 an.d he some vears previously. 

(2) Laura, born in 1821, married James Brown, of 
Bart township ; they are now living in Georgetown, 
Lancaster county, and have one son. J. W., who is 
married, and settled on a farm in the same county. 

(3) John W. 

The mother of John W. Showaker before her 
marriage was Margaret Ryland. a native of ^.font- 
gomery countv. She was a daughter of Andrew and 
■Phoebe (Burkett") Ryland. who came of English 
parentage, and were old settlers of Montgomery 
county, dating back to Revolutionary 

John W. Showaker received his education in t|- • 
home schotils, and remained at home with his parent . 
as long as thev lived, succeeding to the possessi-n 
of the farm. He has continued farming to the pru;- 
ent time. 

John W. .Showaker was married in Jan.. i8~a, 

j to Kate A., a daughter of P. and Anna (^lan- 

ahan ) Russell. The Russell famiiiy has been loii;-- 

and favorably known in Lancaster county. Janiej 

Russell, was born in Carlisle, Pa., in 1S14: he wn, 

I a saddler by trade, and carried on business in Geors;.;- 

I town, until his death, Jan. i. 1888. His wife, who is 

I still living in Georgetown, was born in Bart town- 

I ship in 1820. Her parents. James and Rebecca Man- 

i ahan. were also natives of this county. James and 

I Anna Russell had the following children : Phillip. 

j a resident of Genesee, N. Y. ; Kate A., wife of John 

W. Showakcr: Rebecca, at home unmarried: James 

! M., in Georgetown: Daniel IL, at home; Plenrietia 

j D., at home. 

I Mr. and ^Irs. John W. Showaker settled at the 
1 old home, and to them have come five chiMren: 
i Aiargaret Showaker, unmarried, at home: James R. 
! .Showaker, at home: John, who married .Miss }.[3r- 
I tha Rice, a lady of Bart township, lives at the home 
j of his father, and has one daughter, Elsie: Anna and 
i William are unmarried and at liome. Religiously 
I this familv has been verv largely connected with the 
Presbyterian Church. In politics Mr. Showaker i> 
a Republican. 

John W. .'showakcr is a well-to-do and prosper- 
C'Us citizen, and is highly spoken of among t'r.e peo- 
ple of this township, where his industrious and use- 
ful life has been passed for so miany years. 

WII.LIA.M S. :»IARTIN. in his lifetime a prom- 
1 incnt ot Colerain township, Lancaster county, 
I was born there Mav 8, 1832, his parer.ts being Sam- 
I uel and Jane (Rankin) ^.Fartin. The l\iartin fam- 
I ily has long been associated with the history of the 
i countv, and its various representatives have been 
j people of character and worth. 

I Samuel Martin was born near the pre^^ent home 
j of the family m 1705. and his wife. Jane Rankin, 
I in Chester county, the preceding }-ear. Her parents 
I were James and Susannah Rankin, and their hoiv.^ 
\ was in Highland township, Chester county, where 
i they took a prominent place in the community. He 
I was a sturdy advocate of temperance in an early d:ty, 
I and is remembered as among the first to banish liquor 
j from the harvest field. 

j Samuel Martin was a son of Samuel and Eliza- 
1 both Martin, who came from Ireland, and settled in 
i Colerain townshin. where they became the parent? 

of four children : James, Samuel, Isabella, and Saraii 
! who married WilHam ^lackev. The last-named 
i ihree sons, who became Presbyterian m.inistcrs. 
j James, Elkana, and William. James ^^lackev v.-as a 
t missionary to .-\frica. and died in New Lorn ion, 

Chester county. 
' James Martin married Eliza Morrison, and sot- 



tied on the old home farm in Colerain township, 
where he died in 1857, leaving a f.amily of children, 
»j! of whom have removed to other sections of the 
country. Samuel Martin settled on a part of his fa- 
ther's estate, where he died in April, 1865. His 
widow, Jane Rankin, died Nov. 17, 1876. They were 
stanch Presbyterians, and were active supporters of 
their faith. Mr. Martin was a strong anti-slavery 
man, and he and Abner Davis, at one time were the 
oniv ones in that section to vote the Anti-slavery 
tickft. In after years he was a strong Republican. 
Samuel Martin and wife left four children, (i) 
Tames R., who was bom in 182Q. died in 1850. iin- 
rnarried. (2) William S. (3) Elijah, born in 1834, 
married Miss Lydia Thompson, and settled on the 
old homestead in Colerain township, where he died 
in 1893 : his wife died in Aug., 1874. They loft seven 
children : Samuel, li\ing near Christiana. Lancaster 
countv : Sarah, a resident of Philadelphia, and un- 
married ; A[ar>', married to Benjamin Carter, of 
Sadsbury township ; Ella, a teacher of Lancaster 
county : Belle wife of Reese Evenson, of Smyrna, 
Lancaster county: Harriet, married to Cal'.ie Scottr, 
of Christiana; and Susan, deceased. (4) .Susanna, 
the only daughter of Samuel and Jane ?\rartin, was 
bom in March, 1836, and married John Coulter, a 
tarmer of Bart township bv whom were three chil- 
dren: the eldest Rankin Martin, married to Anna 
Long; Elizabeth, married to Robert Lesley Patter- 
son : and ]\Iabcl, at home. 

William ]\lartin, whose name introduces this 
article, was a student at the select school of Thomas 
Baker, as well as in the public schools of Colerain 
township. He was married ISTarch 17, 1857, to 
Joanna, a daughter of Cliristopher and IMary Quig- 
ley Davis. 

Christof^her Davis was born in this county in 
1S05, ^nd his wife Mary C)iiigley Davis was born in 
Chester county in 1807. Thev were married in I\Iay, 
!82Q, and settled on a farm in Colerain township, 
where they spent their lives. ]\Irs. Davis died at this 
home in 1840, and he passed away in April, 1865, 
leaving four children. Thev were consistent mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church. He was a stanch 
Republican, and a strcing temperance advocate. 

Of the children of Christopher Davis and wife, 
(i) Joanna was born in April, 1831. and received her 
education at Kennett Sciuare, in the Ladies Semin- 
ar}-, and at the Scate Normal in jdillersville. She 
became a teacher and for eight years taught in the 
public schools of Lancaster and Chester counties. 
(2) Elizabeth, born in Aug., 1834, married John 
McGowan, of Lancaster countv ; thev settled in Sads- 
bury township, where she died in 1S67, leaving two 
children, Elva and Joanna, who married William 
Tompson, who is now dead. (3"! John James born 
in 1837, was reared in Lancaster coimty, and when a 
your.g man he went to Ohio, where be married Miss 
P'arbara Kirkwood. They live in Caldwell county, 
-*lo., where he is a leading stock dealer. Thev have 

one son, William S. (4) William died in young 

William Martin settled on the present hom.e of the 
family, shortly after his marriage. In 1850 he put 
up a home, and later constructed enlarged barn and 
shed accom.modations. Here he died in Aug.. 1803, 
leaving a widow and seven living children, tv.-o dying 
in childhood : ( I ) R. Finney, born at the old family 
homestead in 1S58, married Miss Effie Gibson, of 
Chester countv, and lives on his farm in Cliester 
county. His wife died, leaving liim three children: 
Virginia. Chester and Roy. The second ^.irs. AEar- 
tin was born Rebecca Lewis, of Philadelphia, and is 
the mother of one child. Tiiomas. (2) Martha K., 
born in Colerain in tSoo. married Geor'.re Moffatt 
and now resides in Scranton. Pa., where he is en- 
gaged in business as an electrical ensfineer. '3) 
Elizabeth B. ^^lartin. born in 1863. v.-as edu- 
cated in the Millersville State Normal with her sister 
Martha, and lives at home, unmarried. (\i'\ Jane K. 
Martin was born at the present home of the family, 
and is still at home unmarried, (s) Arrabell R. and 
(6) }ilay died with diphtneria. in childhood. (~) 
Thaddeus S. Afartin, is unmarried, and is a clerk 
and bookkceoer in a business house in Philadelphia. 
(8 ) Joseph Davis, born at the family home, is single, 
and has charge of the home farm. (9) Maud ^Nlar- 
tin, born in 1877. attended the State Normal in 
Chester countv, from which she was graduated in 
the class of 1807, and after teaching live years in 
the public schools of Delaware county, married Rob- 
ert Treat Hogg, son of William H. and Esther 
(Hastin<is) Hogg, of Colerain, Lancaster county. 

Mr. ?\Iartin and his wife were connected with the 
Presbyterian Church. 

DAVID MYERS, one of the leading m.en of 
Strasburg township, is a worthy representative of 
one of the old settlers of Lancaster county. Grand- 
j father John Myers, with his estimable wife. Polly 
I ( Creamer) ^.Ivers. came many years ago from his 
j home in Germany and settled in this county, becom- 
ing one of the large landh.ohlers and successful farm- 
I ers. and leaving behind them, at death, the record 91 
worthv lives. Most especiallv was Grandmother 
Mvers. who lived a beautiful life for eighty years, be- 
loved bv the comnuinity for her deeds of neicrhborly 
kindness, and her loving care over the children who 
ever found in her a sympathetic friend. She sur- 
vived her husband thirtv vears, and was the de- 
voted mother of these children : Sophia, who died 
unmarried : Sallv, who married Henry Reminskey : 
Pollv, who died unwedded : Fannie, who married 
John Graham ; John, a farmer of Strasburg town- 
ship : Frederick, a farmer of Bart township : David ; 
and Beniamin. who died earlv. 

David I\Ivers, father of tlie subject of this biog- 
raphv, was always a farmer of Eden township, 
where he became a man of property and prominence, 
and faithfully served as township supervisor, being 





trusted and esteemed by his fellow-citizens. His 
marriage had been lo Aviary Hcmsher, who lived to 
the age of lifty-one, and became the mother cf ten 
children : Abraham and Eliza, twins, the former now 
a resident of Lancaster City, the latter deceased at 
ihe age of twenty-one ; Samuel, a of Eden 
township : Jacob, a resident of Eden ; Mary, deceased, 
the wife of John Johnson, also deceased ; Fannie, the 
widow of Jacob Roadman, a farmer of Bart town- 
ship : Mar:jaret, late wife of Robert Swisher, de- 
ceased; David; Henry, deceased, a farmer of Bart 
township : Julia, the voungest, the wife of Dr. Kee- 
ley, of Georgetown, in Bart township. 

David Myers ('3) was born in what now is Eden 
township, on April ri, 182S. a son of David and 
Mary (Homsher) Myers. He was brought np 
on his father's farm in early boyhood, and was edu- 
cated in both subscription and public schools. At 
the age of sixteen, as his services were not needed at 
home, he engaged with neighboring farmers at 
work, by the month, his father receiving his wages 
until he was tvvxnty-one. When David r^Iycrs 
started out for liim.self. he continued to engage in 
agricultural labor, finding plenty of employment, 
both by the day and by the month, and soon accumu- 
lated money which he wisely saved, using it at a la- 
ter date in the purchase of land. When about twen- 
ty-five years old he married, and then purchased a 
sm.ail farm in .Strasburg tov.-nshin. but he later dis- 
posed of it, first renting and then purchasing the 
farm upon which he has since resided. This farm 
becan-iC 'Mr. flyers' property in 1S72; it contains 
sixty-five acres of very valuable land, and here he 
followed general farming, with such excellent re- 
sults that in 1896 he was able to retire from active 
life and enjoy the rest earned by a long season of in- 

The marriage of David Myers to-ok place Dec. 
14. 1S52, to !\Iary A. Wirth, a daughter of Powell 
Wirth. She was born in 1S26. in Germany, where 
she lived until t)ie age of nine : she died Jan. 22. 1890, 
the devoted and unselfish mother of a family of elev- 
•en children. (1) Henrv, born in Sept.. 1853, is a 
.farmer of Chester county. Pa., married Clara Ed- 
wards, and has these children, David, Aaron, iNlary, 
Mattie, Benjamin, Harry, Allan and Elias, (2) 
John, born in Sept., 185ft, ^^ ^ farmer of Paradise 
township, married Frances McCleary, and has these 
children, Harry, Annie. David. May. Lizzie. Ada 
and Frank, (t,) Flam, born in March, 1S5S, is a car- 
penter, residing in Lancaster City, married May 
Keeley, and has these children. Estella. Paul, Iva, 
Helen and Jerome. (4) Annie, born in March, 
185Q, married Jacob Weaver, of Bart township, and 
"has these children, Mary and Ross. ('5) Mattie, 
born in August, 1863, married George Wirth. a 
farmer of Bart township, and has tiiese children, 
Annie. ^Lary, Kate, John. Martha, Sadie. George, 
Gertrude and Clayton. (6) Katie, bom in March, 
1S66, married John Burkholder. of Strasburg bor- 
ough, and has two children. Jacob and Edna. (7) 

: Elias, born Oct. 13. 1S67, lives on the farm where he 
and all liis chilflren were born. He .nvarried Marv 
Snyder, anrl has these children, Xeuie. Aaron, P^.csj, 

. Clarence, >Jaud and .-Vnna I\Iary. (S) Sarah, b:,rn 

' in Sept., 1S70, married Plenry Kreider, a farmer cf 

' Bart township, and has three children, Elva, Fran:-: 
and Blanch. (9) ^largarett was born Jan. 2, !<•-■, 

' and died the followmg August, (to) David ■::;,< 
born in ilay, i860, and died May 13. 1864, just fo'.:r 

! years old to a day. (11) Louisa, born April 5, 1S6:. 

j died Aug. 6. 1S65. 

I Surroiuided by his juimerous descendants. Mr. 

i Ivlyers is almost like a patriarch of old. and it doubt- 
less gives him much comfort and satisfaction to 

• know tliat tlie greater number cling to the old, re!;:r- 
! ious faith in \vhich h.e and his beloved v.-ife so care- 
: fully reared them. For many years he has been -■>. 
i leading member of the Old Mennonite Church, and 
I is most highly esteemed and respected, while the 
; whole family is regarded as one wdiich fairly can be 
i said to represent the best class of citizens in their 
I part of Lancaster county. 


i been activelv engaeed in (-he practice of m.edirir/; 

i in Mt. Joy for a period of fifty-eight years, thoucrii 

i of late he has given over the more arduoiLS work 

I to his son, wlio has been in partnership witli hi.n 

j for some time. There has been no more aupreci.i- 

: tive witness to the many changes which have taken 

i place in Lancaster county during his long hfe tlian 

i Dr. Ziegler, and he given practical and sub- 

j stantiai cricourageinont to many of the most impcr:- 

I ant improvements. 

I The Doctor was born Nov, 17, 1822, in East 

i Donegal tov,-nship, county, at the old fam.ily 

• on the bank.-: of the .Susquehanna river, a iitc'.e 
; west of Rowe.ina. Tie is of Swiss ancestry in the 
j paternal line, his great-grandfather, who was one 
■ of the earliest white settlers in Manor tow'nship, 

• having l)een a native of the 'Mountain Repr.biic". 
I Conrad and ivlagdalena (Schock) Ziesficr, granc;- 

; parents of the Doctor, were born in Manor tcwn- 

siiip, and after th.eir marriage settled in East Do;:e- 

gal tov.-nship, v.-here th.ey passed the remainder "f 

I their days. He was a farmer bv occupation. Tiieir 

: children were }vlrs. Henry Strickler; Jacob; jvlr?. 

i Lewis Lindemuth ; IMartha, Mrs, Joseph Strickler, 

[ of York countv ; and Conrad, who married Miss 

I Sch.och. 'Sir. Ziegler died in 1831, his v,-iic in t82''\ 

and their remains rest in Peck's cemetery, in East 

i Donegal township. 

I Jacob Ziegler, the Doctor's father, was bom in 
I ?ilanor township and passed the greater part of n:5 
I life in East Donegal township, where he ensraged 
i in farming tmtil he retired, some seven years be- 
! fore his death. He was a successful man, accunui- 
1 kited a comfortable competence, and '.'.•as on? of the 
I directors of the Lancaster County Bank. He mar- 
: ried Barbara Lindemuth, a native of East Donc-gr.I 
' township, who survived him, passing away in 1873. 



C.T the advanced age of eighty-nine \ears. His death 
occurred in Aiaytown in 1870, when iie was aged 
eighty-six. Both are buried in the Ltitlieran cem- 
etery in Maytown. I\irs. Ziegler was a member of 
the Lutheran Church. Of the children born to 
ihis worthy couple, David died when two years old. 
;\lartha, now residing in 2^Iaytown, is the widow 
of Dr. Shireman, of East Donegal townsliip. Jacob 
L. is the subject proper of these lines. Barbara (de- 
ceased,) was the wife of John S. ]\Iann. wlio is a 
farmer of Manor township. Anna married l\l. Al. 
Hoffman, of East Donegal township. -Mrs. Bar- 
bara Ziegler was descended from German stock, her 
grandfather having been a native of Germany, 
whence he emigrated to this country in 1764, set- 
tling in East Donegal tovv-nship, where lie was one 
of the earliest pioneers. lie engaged in farming. 
Peter Lindemuth, .Mrs. Ziegler's father, was born 
in East Donegal tov/nship, as was also his wife, 
whose maiden name v/as Wolfe. iMr. Lindemuth 
followed farming there until he retired, shortly be- 
fore his death, winch occurred in 1S30. He and his 
wife passed their last davs in the home now occu- 
pied by Dr. Ziegler, and they are buried in Alt. Toy 
cemetery. Their famiiv consisted of seven children, 
Jacob, Peter, Barbara (Mrs. Ziegler j, Christiana 
(Mrs. Long), John, George and Lewis, 

Jacob L. Ziegler lived on the farm until he 
was thirteen years old, and received his early instruc- 
tion in the local public schools. Tiiereafer he pur- 
sued his literary studies in Rev. Mr. Simpson's In- 
stitute, at Marietta. John Beck's Academy, at Lititz, 
and the Mt. Joy Institute. He taught school one 
season, in 1839-4C, and in 1840 took up the study of 
medicine, reading with Dr. Nathaniel \\'atson, of 
Donegal Springs, for the next four years. Mean- 
time, in 1842-43-44, he also attended lectures at 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, from which 
institution he v.-as graduated in 1S44. He con- 
tinued with his preceptor until Aug. 5, that year, 
when he came to Mt.Joy, where he has ever since 
remained. Dr. Ziegler has always enjoyed the con- 
fidence of his fellow citizens, in both professional 
and private life, and he lias been Uie recipient of 
many honors, especially in medical circles. He is 
a valued member of the Lancaster County Aledical 
Society, of which he was twice elected president; 
a member of the Pennsylvania State Aledical So- 
ciety, of which lie was elected \ ice-president in 
1S79, ^nd president in iSSi ; a member of the Society 
of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia, of which 
he has been president five terms, and is still serv- 
ing, having been re-elected in November, 1901 ; a 
member of the Radiological Society, Philadelphia; 
and of the American Aledical Association. Since 
1SS6 the Doctor has been surgeon of the Pennsyl- 
^■ania Railway Company. 

In 1862 Dr. Ziegler was sworn in as a private 
in Co. E, loth P. 'V. I., and sent to Hagerstown, 
Md., where he was detailed in his professionci ca- 
pacity. He returned hom.e after a few weeks' serv- 

' ice. The Doctor holds membership in the G. A. R. 
i Though his duties as a general practitioner over 
! a wide held have been arduous, Dr. Ziegler has 
i found time to indulge lus literary tastes, which 
i have taken him particularly into the field of his- 
I tory and geiiealog)'. In this connection he is a 
I zealous member of the Lancaster Historical Society, 
j the Pennsylvania Historical Society, the Presby- 
I terian Biistorical Society, the Pennsylvania Genea- 
i logical Society, and the Forestry Society, and he 
I is a recognized authority in local history. His chron- 
I icles are reliable, and well set forth. Since 1S75 
'< the Doctor has been collecting data for a history of 
i Donegal Church, which has hcan recently published. 
j In 1880 he was honored by Lafayette College with 
! the degree of A. I\L 

I Dr. Ziegler has attended the Donegal Church 
j since 1840, and has been on the membership list since 
j 1845. P^=^ is an elder at present and has never slur.ked 
i his part in the benevolent work of the congregation, 
i Though not particularly active in public affairs, 
' at any rate as an office holder, the Doctor served two 
: years, iSbi-62, as burgess of Alt. Joy. He is a Re- 
j publican in political sentiment. All in all, he has 
! played a useful nart in the com.munity where his lot 
! has been cast, and he has commanded tiie highest 
j esteem from all with whom he has been associated. 
I On April 18, 1848, Dr. Ziegler was married, at 
I his present home in Mt. Joy, to Aliss Plarriet B. 
I Patterson, who was born in Rapho townsliip, this 
1 county, daughter of Col. James and Alary ( Wat- 
I son) Patterson. Tliey were natives, respectively,, of 
j Rapho and East Donegal tov,-nships, and, passes! ,their 
I latter days retired in Alt. Joy, dying in the home 
i now occupied by Dr. Ziegler. Airs. Ziegler passed 
I away July 9, 1900, in her 'eighty-third year, and 
i her remains rest in the Donegal Church cemetery. 
I She was the mother of the follo'.vmg named chil- 
, dren: James P., AI. D., who practices with his fa- 
1 ther; Walter M. L., AI. D,, of Philadelphia; J. Stan- 
j ley, who is in tlie Government employ at Vv ashmg- 
I ton, D. C. ; Thomas AI. B., ticket, freight and ex- 
j press agent at Luray, 'Va. ; and Alary R., v/lio died 
1 at the age of eight vears. The sons are all unmar- 
i ried. 

I CHRISTIAN EBY, deceased. The Eby fam- 

; ily is one of the oldest and best known in Lancaster 

i county, and among its noted representatives a cen- 

I tury ago was Bishop Peter Eby. Christian vvas tlie 
second son of this well known bishop and was born 

I on the homestead at Eby's Curve in Salisbury town- 

, ship, Aug. 22, 1795. He was a life-long farmer 

1 and remained cm a portion of the old homestead 

j until 1847, when he removed to Strasburg township 

j and there spent the remainder of his life, dying iu 

j 1877, aged eighty-one years. He v/as a man of 

1 superior mental and moral attainmenls, though quiet 

I and unostentatious in manner. Before the free 

i school system was established he took a deep inter- 

' est in the cause of education and sensed in the ca- 



pacity of trustee. But tliour^h public-spirited, pro- 
gressive and the stronsf advocate of law and order, 
he was content to Hvc his own quiet, indivitiual life, 
and did not seek public ofricc nor public prominence. 
When a young man he married -diss Rebecca Wit- 
wer, a native of Earl tov.-nship, dauQ^hter of David 
and ]Mary (Rife) Witwer. To Christian and Re- 
becca Eby were born a family of tv.'clve children, 
namely: Mariah, widow of Henry jBrackbill, re- 
siding in Paradise township, south of P'ace; 
Margaret, who died unmarried, at the age of sev- 
enty-two years : David, v.'ho resides on the old 
homestead in Strasbiirg tov/nship ; Elizabeth, un- 
married : Levi, a residf^nt of Lancaster city; Re- 
becca, wife of Henry Rohrer, of Hagerstown. Md. ; 
Samuel, a sketch of whom appears below; PJenja- 
min, a resident of East Lampeter township ; Cath- 
erine, wife of Emanuel Xeff, a resident of Stras- 
burg township ; Emanuel : Peter, who was killed in 
childhood: and Anna, who died in infancy. The 
parents were devout members of the Mennonite 

SAMUEL EBY, son of Christian and Rebecca 
Eby, was born April 19, 1S34, in Salisbury town- 
ship. He was reared on the farm, receiving his 
educati(~>n in the commion schools of Salisbury and 
Strasburg townships. At the age of twenty-two 
years he began his own individual career bv taking 
a farm in Strasburg township to work on shares. 
Later he purchased from his father a farm of 117 
acres in Bart township. This he operated for a 
period of six years, when he soid it and removed to 
Nottoway cou.ntv, Va., purchasing a farm, there and 
occupying it for ten years. Returning to Lancaster 
county, he re-engaged in farming, locating first in 
.Strasburg township and managing the J. F. Herr 
farm for tv.-o years. After one year spent on a farm 
in East L.ampeter tov>-nship. he moved to the old 
Eby homestead at Eby's Curve, wliere he resided 
for seven years. He then removed to the B. J. 
Leckier farm,, north of the Gap, where ho rem.ained 
for five years. Making public sale of his effects, he 
spent one year on a small farm of twelve acres and 
then in rSq6 came to Paradise village and engaged 
in the coal, feed and lumber business, as partner 
in the firm of Buckwalter & Eby. Three years 
later Mr. Buckwalter. the junior partner, withdrew 
and ^Ir. Eby's son became associated with him, 
the firm name changing to Eby & Son. The busi- 
ness was established by Adam K. Witmer & Bro., 
about the time the Pennsylvania road was com- 
pleted. The present firm do a general warehouse 
business and Mr. Eby gives it his entire attention. 
He possesses superior business ability and more- 
over possesses that broad view of life which looks 
to the general weal of the community in which he 
lives. He is one of the most public spirited men 
in this part of the couniy, and not only gives pas- 
sive assent, but active and influential co-oneration 
to enterprises and measures for the public good. 

He is higldy respected for his man\- t[i;a!- 
' ities and ranks high, in influence and worth. 

He m.arried in January, 1856, Miss ^^lary .Vr.:-; 
i Esbenshade. daughter of Adam and Mary (Krei- 
■ dcr) Esl>cnshade. Mr. and Mrs. Eby arc the par- 
I ents of throe children, Kezia, Phares E.. and Eli- 
' zabeth. Kezia is the wife of Henry Pickel, win 
: conducts the stage line between Lancaster and Par- 
\ adise and resides at Paradise Villaq-e. Phares E.. 
i associated with his father in business, was married 
I first to Hettie .Suavely, who died without issue: 
I second, to Salinda Hershey, who left one .-on, 
j Franklin H. ; and third, to Z^Iary Ann Rutt. Eli- 
zabeth is the v.'ife of Henry S. Denlinger a farmer 
I of Paradise township. They have four children, 
! Lloyd, .-\nnie, Lottie and Irvin. ]\Ir. and ?^Irs. Eb" 
I and their family are members of the Mennonite 
I Chr.rch. 

1 ALEXANDER K. ^rORRISO:, a liighly re- 
j spected citizen ar.d excellent farmer of Lancaster 
I county, resides on his farm of 107 well-im.proved 
acres, in Little Britain township, at King's Briflere, 
and v.ns born in Colerain township, Sept. 30, 1S37. 
His parents were Alexander W. and ?dargaret (Mc- 
Commion) ^dorrison, natives of the same township, 
but of .Scotch -Trisli ancestry. 

Great-grandfather Gabriel Morrison cam* to 
Lancaster county a;id h.ought a large tract of la.nd in 
Colerain townr.iiip: his son, also Gabriel, married 
Aim Love, the three children of tliis union being, 
Thomas I-.. Alexander and Julia Ann. 

Alexander W. 3.torrison was born in 1796 and 
died in 1872. In 1823 he was united in marriage 
to ^^farcaret McCommon. and eight children were 
born to tliis union. Ann Eliza is the v/idow of Vin- 
cent King, of King's Bridge, and the capable house- 
keeper for A. K. Morrison. Slie was born in 1824. 
j and her livine children are: Elizabeth, the wife cf 
j Emmerson Walton, of Colerain township ; Vincent, 
! of Colorado; Laura, the wife of John Furniss. of 
I Lif:le Britain: Horace, of Christiana; Joseph "M., of 
I California : and Thorwald, of Philadelphia. James 
! yi. is a resident of the State of Oregon, a mini-ter 
I in the Presbyterian Church. Joseph B. is a rc?;- 
: dent and practicing pliysician of Missouri. The ;ifi?» 
j of Alexander K. is given below. Sam.uel ^V. died 
i in 1800 : the other three children died in infanc-.-. 
I Alexander Kinkade ^Morrison grew to voung 
! mianho'^d on the farm, and acquired liis education in 
i the public schools of liis locality. In August. 1S62. 
i he testified to his loyalty to his country bv enlisting 
! as a volunteer in the 122nd P. I., and took part in 
I som.e oi the fiercest battles of the Civil v;ar, notably. 
i Fredericksburg, the second battle of Bull Run. 
i Chancei'orsville and the Potomac campaign, being 
I honorably discharged in !May. 1863. Having es- 
i capcd both imprisonm.ent and injury, >.!r. Morrison 
j returned home and resumed farming, closely appiy- 
I ing himself to the line he had chosen. His present 
fine farm is well improved and bears testimony to iiis 



excellence as a farn-iCr. while the respect in which 
!;e is held by the community speaks for itself as to 
h:5 i!prij;"ht character as a citizen. 

In politics ? Alorrison is an active Republi- 
can: he served as dcpnity coroner from 1S82 to 1SS5 
and again from i8<x^ to 1900. He took the census 
in 1S90 for his township, Little Britain: in 1002 he 
was elected school director for tlie same township. 
He is a leading member of the L'nion Presbyterian 
Church in Colerain township. Fraternally he be- 
longs to the G. A. R. post, and enjoys talking over 
the times of stress with comrades who, like himself. 
were not found v.-anting when their country's call 
•came. Mr. Morrison has never married, his be- 
loved sister giving him loving care and doing the 
honors of his hospitable home. 

HEXRV N. Er,Y. a general farmer of the 
township of West Hcmpficlrl. Lancaster, was born 
where lie is now living Aug. 10. ii^37. a son of Jonas 
and Veronica (Xissley) ]'".by, who were born in E!i- 
2abeth and Rapho townships, respectively. r.nd came 
in 1826 to the farm on which Henry N. is now 

Jonas Eby was engaged froin 1.S2.0 to 1S26 in 
the milling business on the Little Conostoga river. 
In 1S46 and 1S47 he operated the Chinues Valley 
mill. A man of considerable importance in the 
local affairs of his time, iie served as school director 
for manv years. Eoni March 14, 1V90, he died Oct. 

11, 1884. IMrs Veronica Eby was born June 21, 
1798. and died Oct. 30, 1839. T!ic father was buried 
at the Landisville Meeting Plouse cemetery, and 
the mother on tiie old Nissley farm. Thev v.-ere 
members of the Mennonite Church. His standing 
in the business world is evident from the fact that 
lie served several years as a director of the Union 
Bank of Mt. Joy. Their children v.-ere: John, 
who is a retired farmer of Lancaster, Pa. : Fannv, 
late wife of IMartiii Peiffer, of Sahmga, Pa. ; Elias, 
a retired farmer of East Donegal : Sainuel, a retired 
merchant of Mt. Joy; .Simon, a retired farmer of 
Mt. Joy : Amos, died unmarried in i860 ; Henry N. 
Both father and mother were twice married. 'Dec. 

12, 1S19, Jonas Eby was married to Veronica Niss- 
ley, ami Nov. 12, ^863, to ^Martha Strickler. who 
died in West Hempfield township, Aug. 7, 1876. at 
the age of sixt>' years and almost eight months. 
She was a daughter of .\hraham Strickler, of Lan- 
caster county, who married a Miss Hostetter. Mrs. 
^ eronica (Nissleyl Eby, was tirst married to Abra- 
ham Hoover in 1815, and there was born to them 
Nancy, who was twice married, first to John Boss- 
ier, and then to Daniel Kreider, and who is now 

John and Mary (Vv'itwcr) Eby, the grandparents 
of Kenrv N. Eby, were both born in Elizabeth town- 
ship in this county, and were farming people. The 
grandfather followed milling along with liis farm- 
ing labors. John Eby died IMay 25, 1845. at the 
age of sevent}--seven years, and his wife, v.-ho died 

Aug. 25, 1856, was eighty-three years old. They 
were buried on the old homestead where their long 
and useful lives had been passed. Born to this union 
were : Catherine : Jonas : !Marv : Rebecca ; Elias, 
v,-ho married Elizabeth Erb : Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried Samuel Risser: Levi, who married Anna Niss- 
ley: Anna, who married Samuel Hershey. 

The paternal great-grandparents of Mr. Eby 
were Christian and Catlierine (Bricker) Eby. v.-ho 
spent their lives on the old homestead, in the town- 
ship of Elizabeth, where both were born. Chris- 
tian Eby was the son.of Christian, and the grandson 
of Theodorus. the pioneer settler of the frtmily in this 
part of the state. Tlieodorus Eby was a noted man in 
the family records. The son of Bishop Jacob Eby, he 
was born in Switzerland in 1663. and, because he 
was a devoted Mennonite. was compelled to leave 
his native country in 1704 to escape unendurable 
persecution. For about eleven years he made 
home in the "Palatinate." Germany, but here per- 
secution was finite as severe as at home, and with 
other co-religionists lie left for Philadeipliia, Pa. in 
the spring of 171 5, and some time in August of the 
same year effected a settlement in Lancaster cotinty, 
where he lived until his death, in the full enjoyment 
of that liberty that seemed denied elsewhere 
through all the world. He died Dec. 11, 17I7. leav- 
ing f(>t;r sons and one daughter, as follows': Peter; 
Hannes; Jacob; Christian; Elizabetli. wlio married 
Hannes Eaehr. The sons were a!! skilled in tlie 
mechanical arts of the day, and it is a matter of 
tradition that their father built an important mill 
with no other assistance than they were able to 
render him. 

The maternal grandparents of Mr. Eby were 
Bishop Samuel Nissley, of Rapho township and 
Anna Alumm:i, of \Vcst Hempfield township. 
Bishop Nissiey was married three times, to Barbara 
Greider, to Anna Z\Iumma, and to 2ilaria Long- 

Henry N. Eby was twice married, first in i860, 
in Lancaster county. Pa., to Mary Franck, becom- 
ing by this marriage the father of the following 
family: Daniel, who died of diphtheria in 1S71 ; 
Amos F., a farmer in East Donegal tov.-nship, who 
married Anna Reist : Fanny, who married Simon E. 
Garber. of West Donegal township : Jonas, v."ho 
died at th.e age of seven months : Levi, a 
farmer, who married Kate Stautter. of. East 
L'onegal township ; Anna, wife of Elias Linde- 
muth, a farmer of East Donegal township. 
Mrs. Mary (Franck) Eby, wlio was born in 
\\'arwick township, died Jan. 3, 1876, at the age of 
thirty-five years, and was buried in Landisville ; 
she was th.e daughter of Christian and Catlierine 
(Snyder") Franck. Her father was the son of Dea- 
con John Franck, of Warwick. 

The second marriage of Mr. Eby occurred Nov. 
6, 1S78, in I\Ianheim. Pa., vvhcn he v.-as united in 
marriage witli Elizabeth Hostetter. and there were 
born to this m.arriage, Henry and Elizabeth, twins, 

^,^^9^7A^ /?. &^ 



and David, all living at home. Elizabeth (Hos- 
tetter) Eby was born near ^.lanheim, Pa., Sept. I, 
1841, and was a daiicfhtcr of David and Maria 
(Peiirer'j Kostetter, both natives of Penn township, 
where they lived and died. David was the son of 
Bishop Jacob tlostetter, who passed his entire life 
on the old homestead of the family in Penn town- 
ship, a pioneer settler of Lancaster county. They 
came from Switzerland about 1712, and were Men- 
nonites in the home country. 

Mr. Eby has spent his life on the farm wlierc he 
is now residing, and is one of the prominent and 
well-to-do people of the cotirity. In religion he is 
a member of the Mennoiiitc Church, and for ten 
years served as assistant superintendent of the Sun- 

Amos F. Eby, son of Henry N. Eby, a general 
farmer of East Donegal, and a member of the Par- 
• agon Fruit and Xut Co., of Lancaster county, is a 
man of much push and energy ; he was born on the 
farm of his parents, Oct. 4, 1SG4. Henry N. and 
Mary (Franck) Eby, his parents, whose lives are 
noted above, are living on the old Eby homestead 
in West Hempfield township. 

Mr. Eby v/as married (Jet. 17, iSSq, in Rapho 
township, to .\nna Reist, and to this union were 
born Rhoda R. and Henry R. Mrs. Anna (' Reist) 
Eby is a daughter of Irlenry B. and Catlicrine (Gar- 
ber) Reist. Amos F. Eby remained witii his par- 
ents until he was twenty-five years old, when he 
left their sheltering roof to work a year in a cream- 
ery, and tlien entered upon his present work. He 
has a farm of eighty-one acres, and is in very pros- 
perous circumstances. Since 1S97. he has been a 
school director. Since 1S96 Air. Eby has been as- 
sociated with the Fruit and Nut Company, and is a 
prominent and thrifty young man. He belongs to 
the i/Iennonite Church. 

Mrs. Catherine (Garber) Reist, the mother of 
^Irs. Am.os F. Eby, was born in West Donegal 
township, ilay 19, 1S33, and was a daughter of 
John and Catherine. f.Sechristl Garber, who were 
born in ■Manor and West Hempfield townships, re- 
spectively. The father, v.dio was a farmer all his 
life, died in 1S42, and the v.-id,- 
survived many years, died 

sixth year, and was buried in West Donegal town- 
ship. They were members of the Mcnnonite 
Church, and became the parents of the following 
family : Alichael ; Alary, who married Christ 
Snyder ; Anna, who married Tohn Longnecker, of 
West Donegal township : Barbara, who died young ; 
John ; Christian : Catherine. Her paternal grand- 
parents were Andrew and A [aria (Nolt') Garber, of 
Lancaster county, and her maternal grandparents 
were of the Sechrist family, an important one in the 
same county. 

Henry E. Reist. the father of Airs. .\nna Eby, 
of East Donegal township, who is noted above as 
marrying Amos F. Eby, was a valuable and useful 

.•idowea mother, who 
S70. in iier eiglUy- 

j citizen of Lancaster county in his lifetime. H;^ 
; great-grandparents, Peter and Anna (Eoyer) Re-:-" 
! came from Switzerland, and settled iii Peuns;!- 
! vania, v.diere their descendants have all occupied an 
I honorable and useful station in life. 
I Henry B. Reist was born in Rapho township. 
j Lancaster county, wlicre he was long and succes^- 
I fully engaged not only in farming but in commer- 
I cial and financial pursuits. For twelve years prior 
j to his decease, he was president of the First Natiori- 
I al Bank, of Alt. Joy, and was highly esteemed in 
I the community in which he lived. He and li'.s 
I wife had children : Ely G., who is nov.- a larn:tr 
I in Rapho township, Lancaster county; John G., „ 
! farmer, and manager of a creamery in Alt. Tov. 
j Mary, the wife of S. S. Kraybill, a farmer of Eajt 
; Donegal tov.-nship ; Plenry, an electrician at Schen- 
j ectady, N. Y. ; Emma, the wife of H. N. Hoscetter, 
i a farmer in East Donegal tov.-nship ; Anna, the wife 
I of Amos F. Eby, a farmer in East Donegal. Henrv 
I B. Reist died in 1S70, at the age of forty-seven 
I years, and was buried in East Donegal township., 
I Both he and his wife were members of the Alenno.i- 
I ite Church. Airs. Reist is still living, and makes 
! her home with her rlaughter Airs. Ebv. Air. Reist 
j served as school director in Alt. Joy township, fc- 
j some years. 

j John G. Reist, who v.-as born in Alt. Joy town- 
I siiip in 1857, resides in Alt. Toy, and dev-otes his at- 
! tention to the large creamery business of Reisl. 
I Nissley & Ci\. of which lie is the junior partner. Tiie 
i creamery was built in iS&y, and its patronage is 
I sicadilv increasing under its very able managen'ient. 
i In 18S9 Air. Reist was married to Aliss Catherine 
j tlostetter, of Alanor township, and a daughter of 
Ezra Tlostetter : to this union were born three chil- 
, dren: Florence, Esther and John. 

I HENRY' R. ERE, of Pine Hill. Lancaster coun- 
I t>, was born Aug. 12, 1S47, O" the farm adjoining 
i that on ^\hich he at present resides, and is a son 
! of Reuben and Kettie (Royer) Erb, botlt nov,- de- 
; ceased. 

I Reuben Erb was a son of David Erb, who v^as 
1 descended from Christian Erb, one of the earliest 
I natives of Lancaster county. Reuben Erb was a 
miller and farmer in \\''arwick tov»-nsbip. and was 
reared to these vocations in his father's mill and on 
his father's farm. To his marriage with Fletiie 
Royer were born two children, Henry R. and Su- 
sannah, of whom the latter died in early childhood. 
In politics Reuben Erb was a Republican. 
I Henry R. Erb was reared on the home, anil r.c- 
j ricuiture has been his life pursuit, although he is nf^'H- 
': practically retired. He is the owner of produciive 
i farms adjoining, and comprising 500 acres. These 
farms have long been the property of the Erb fani- 
! i!y — one tract of 225 acres for several generations. 
i His great-great-grandfather. Christian Erb. ab-''vo 
! alluded to, owned and lived upon this farm, and 



it is surmised that the father of Christian was the 
original purchaser, as he was the founder of tlie 
Erb family in this county. 

Henry R. Erb has been one of the most active 
and public-spirited men of the county, and as a 
Kepublican has taken considcraljle interest in pub- 
he aitairs. He has held the office of scliool director 
and at present is a director in the Lititz National 

^Ir. tA'h was married, in 1S67, to ?iliss Eliza- 
beth A. Wolf, daughter of Henry Wolf, of \\'ar\vick 
township, and to this union have been born two 
children, of wdiom one died in infancy : the other, 
Annie N., is the wife of D. M. Grobill, of East Pitts- 
burg, Pennsylvania. 

The Erb family, besides being one of the oldest, 
is one of the most highly respected in Lancaster 
county, where, even within the memory of Henry 
R. Erb himself many miraculous changes have taken 
place in the county limits. To the great improve- 
ments that have been made locally Ivlr. Erb has con- 
tributed freely of his means, and has been person- 
ally active in their promotion. 

MILTON KEYLOR, a wealthy and retired 
farmer of Colcrain township, Lancaster count}-, was 
born June 14, 1S2S, in Bart township, a son of John 
and Sarah (Meginness) Kcylor. The father was 
bom in Raumland. Germ.any, Jan. 19, 1790; and 
the mother C)ct. 13, 1795, in Colerain tov.-nship. 
She was a daughter of James Meginness, who was 
born in Delaware in 1767. His life was mostly spent 
in Colerain township, Lancaster county, where he 
died Nov. i, 1839. John F. Meginness is one of his 

John Keylor was the son of Jacob Keylor, who 
came with his wife and family to the shores of 
.\merica in 1795, to escape the woe and devasta- 
tion of war in Germany. They landed at New- 
castle, Delaware, and made their way to Chester 
county, where they were given employment by 
Richard Baker, who had his home on the banks of 
the Brandywine. Jacob Kuehler, whose nam.e was 
anglicized to "Keylor," died at his home m Chester 
county in 18 16, leaving a widow and five children. 
John was the father of Milton Keylor; Henry, who 
was born in Germany in 1793, married Eliza A. 
Swisher, and settled in Bart township, where he 
>^';ed July 21, 1S75 ; Katherine Keylor, born in Ger- 
niany in 1795, married Thomas Mullen, who settled 
'■n Delaware, where she died in 1826. There were 
'""Tn to Jacob Keylor and his wife after their arrival 
i^n this country two daughters, Maria and Hannah. 
-;^laria Keylor, who was born in 1800, married John 
Kuffington, and settled near Atglen, where she died 
"■n 1S96. Hannah Keylor, who was born in Chester 
'"■''Unty, in 1S02. married Nathan Famous, and 
'fettled near TJnionville ; she died in the home of her 
■'■"n-m-law, Thomas Mullen, at Kennett Square, in 

John Kevlor, the father of Milton, began his 

career in Bart township, as an indepenck'nt farmer. 
During the war of 1S12 lie was called uoon to raise 
a company, which he did, though their services were 
never required. In his after life he was ^-ery suc- 
cessful, and became quite prosperous, owning three 
farms in Lancaster county. His death occurred 
Nov. 3, _r872, and he was buried by tiie side of his 
wife in ^^iends' cemetery. She died in September, 
i<S65. In Germany the Keylors were Presbyterians, 
but as Richard Baker, mentioned above, was a 
Quaker, they accompanied him to the Friends Meet- 
ing at Bradford, and soon learned to use the Quaker 
speech, and adopted that faith. ~ 

John Keylor and his wife had seven children 
who lived to maturity. (t) Ann E. Keylor, i>on\ 
in January, 1S25, married Daniel Byer, in February, 
184S, and settled in Juniata county, where in 1S75 
^Ir. Byer died. She moved to Chester county, 
where she died in 1879, leaving four children: 
John J., of Chester county: Hannah, v.dio died at 
home in 1902 ; Sarah, who married Bavis Bailey, 
of Thorndale, Chester county : and Anna at the 
home in Chester county. The first child. Emma, 
had died previously. 

(2) Hannah }\1. Keylor, born Aug. 10. 1826. was 
the widow of E. H. Emory, and lived on a part of 
the old Keylor homestead, which had passed into 
her hands. She died in Aorii, 1902. Her tv.-o 
sons, Jolm K. and Clement .M. Emory, are both 

(3") }.Iilton Keylor. whose name introdr.ces this 
article, is the third member of the familv. 

(4> Sarah Keylor was born Feb. 2f5. 1830, and 
married for her first husband Lewis H. Selzer. a mer- 
chant of Steelville, who died very shortly after mar- 
riage, leaving one son, Harry, who is in business in 
Wilmington. Delav>'are. Mrs. Selzer later married 
W. F. IMcLimans, and has her home in West Grove, 
Chester county. 

(5) John B. Ke>-!or, born Dec. 2, 183 1. became a 
cabinet maker, and devoted several years of hi.s 
early manhood to this trade. Fie was married to 
3Iiss Leah L. Ritz. of Bart township, in 1858, and lo- 
cated in South Charleston, Clark Co., Ohio, where 
Mr. Keylor died Feb. 10, 1863, leaving a widow and 
one son. Howard R., w-ho was born Oct. 9. 1S60. 
Mrs. Keylor did not remain in Ohio long after the 
death of her husband, but came back to Pennsyl- 
vania in May, 1871. She married for her second 
husband, George Sterrett, of Philadelphia. Thev 
removed in October, 1871, to Walla Walia. Wash- 
ington, where she died April 10, 1889. Floward 
Keylor, her son, was educated in the L'nivcrsitv of 
Michigan, where he was graduated as a physician 
in 1S82. After this he took a special course in the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons at Baltimore. 
In December, 1S82 he began the practice of liis pro- 
fession at Walla W'alla, Wash., where he soon be- 
came eminent. He was appointed surgeon-generaf 
of the Territorial militia, which position he held at 
the time Washington was admitted to the Union, 



May 10, 1S90. He was afterward appointed on the 
State Board 01 Medical Examiners, and became its 
secretary, a position he is still holding;. In I0S9 he 
married !Miss Sarah F. Stine, of Walla \\'alla, a 
native of California. They have two daughters, 
Edna and Leah. 

(6) George Keylor, born i\Iay 18, 1S34, married 
Anna McGinness. of IMontour coimty, Pa., in ]\Iarch, 
1856, and had a home on a farm in Colerain town- 
ship, where -Mrs. Keylor died in -day, 1S74, at the 
age of thirty-nine }'ears. Her remains were taken 
to her home and interred at the family lot in 2\iil- 
ton, Pa. She left one son. Harry J., wh.o was horn in 
March, 1857. He learned the saddler's trade, and 
located in Alontonr county. Harry J. Keylur mar- 
ried in Danville, Pa., and has t^vo children. George 
Ke3dcr married for his second wife, Anna Scott, of 
Bart township, and located in Delaware, where he 
died in January, 1900, leaving one son. Bayard, who 
has since died. 

(7) Henry Keylor, born in April, 1S36, was 
reared as a farmer, and married ]\Iartha Scott, of 
Colerain township, where they are now living on a 
farm. They have two children, Frank and Nannie, 
both of whotTi are at home. 

(8) Wellington Ke^dor, horn in 183S. died in 
childhood in 1844. 

Milton Keylor remained at the home farm until 
he was of age. and received- his early education in 
the district schools in Bart township. For a few 
months he also attended a select school taught by 
James Broun. Mr. Keylor and Rebecca B\er, the 
eldest daughter of David and !Mary (AIcEIwain) 
Byer. were married Sept. 13, 1849. r\rrs. Keylor 
was !)orn Feb. 17, 1S27, and was reared to young 
womanhood in Bart township. She is a lady of 
high character, and has shared with her husband 
fiftv'-throc years of married life. They celebrated 
their golden wedding Sept. 13, 1899, on the fanm 
they purchased in 1854. 

For many years I\[ilton Keylor took an active 
part in local affairs ; for twelve years he was a 
member of the school board, and his interest in the 
cause of public education is shown by the fact that 
at one time he provided a house on his farm for 
the establishment of a high school, which was 
taugh.t by James McCullough. I\Lr. Keylor was one 
of the founders of the Colerain and Bart Farmers' 
Club, and the Ouarryville National Bank. He 
took an active part in the building of the Oxford 
and Peach Bottom Railroad, contributing liberally 
to its funds. For many years he was a trustee of 
the Colerain Baptist Church, of which he and his 
family have been consistent and helpful members. 
In his politics he is a Democrat. 

Mr. and Mrs. Keylor have been devoted to the 
education of their family. They would go with 
their children on long drives as far as into Mary- 
land, and would stay for a few davs at Cape IMay, 
Long Branch or Atlantic City. He lias attended 
the inauguration of two presidents, Gen. Grant and 

Grover Cleveland, taking 3.1rs. Keylor on both oc- 
casions to the national capital. .Mr. Ke^dor has 
also attended three national expositions, in Nev.' 
York in 1833, the Centennial at Philadelphia, m 
1876, and the Columbian, at Chicago, in 1893. Both 
are enjoying good health, and their friends cherish 
the hope that they ma\- be long spared to each 

The oldest child of Mr. and Mrs. Keylor was Elhvood, born Aug. 21, 1851; he was edu- 
cated in the public schools of his community, an^i 
at the Millersville State Normal, for several years 
following the profession of teaching. In April, 
1881, he married .-Viina C, a daughter of John 'A. 
and Fannie (Stively) Shenk, of Ouarryville. For 
four years after his marriage he continued to teach, 
and then, feeling a call in that direction, prepared 
for the gospel ministry, at Crozier Seminary, in 
Chester county, and in the fall of 18S5 set himself 
to a theological course, which he concluded in 1888. 
That year he received a call to the Baptist Church 
in Newfield, N. J., where he was ordained in No- 
vember. For seven years he was pastor of that 
church. In 1S95 he was called to tlie Windsor Bap- 
tist Church, in Chester county, where he is still 
located. He is tlie father of two children, John 
Milton and Rena F. John Milton Keylor is a grad- 
uate of the West Chester Normal, of Chester coun- 
ty, and now holds a positloii as teacher in Swanh- 
more College. Rena F. Keylor, born in December, 
1884, resides at home, and is a student at the West- 
chester Normal. 

Anna }^l. Keylor, the second child of ^klilton 
Keylor, was born at the present home of the familv, 
April iS, 1853, was educated at the Union High 
School and was a successful teacher for four years. 
She v.-as n'jarried in 1876 to William B. Rvner, a 
native of Bart township, and they are now living on 
their lami in Colerain townshij). \\liere they have 
two children : Rebecca .A., born in 18S3, wlio grad- 
uated in 1903 at the State Normal School at VAl- 
lersville and is now teaching; Spencer C, born in 
1887. who is at home with his parents. 

Dr. Henry E. Keylor, second of IVIilton Key- 
lor, born 13. 1855. studied medicine with Dr. Wentz, of Kirkwood, was graduated witli 
honor at Jefferson Medical College in 1878, and at 
once entered upon the practice of his prcfessiCiU, 
but he was taken ill and died in September, 1880. 
He never married. 

Dr. Josiah B. Keylor, the fourth child of iMiltoii 
Keylor, studied in the public schools, and the Unii:'U 
High School, and graduated at the I\lil!ersvii!e 
State Normal in July, 1879. After a year teaching. 
for which his degree of B. E., indicated ability, he 
received the degree of M. E., and in 18S0 was made 
the head of the school of Maylown. Lancaster 
county. In 18S1 he resigned this position to take 
that of superintendent of the Manheim borou-:'! 
schools. It was his first intention to continue i''e 
profession of teaching as his life, work, but after 



the death of ]iis brother Henry, he deterrnineel to ; 
buconie a physician liinisclf. He be.q^an his medical i 
fuidies nmlor Dr. (Jeorge T. Dare, of Oxford. I 
Chester county, and in i8f^2 entered the College of 
riivsicans and Surgeons, at Baltimore, from which 
he was graduated in 18S5. He began his profes- I 
sional career at Cochranviilc, Chester county, and 
very soon made for himself more than a local repu- 
tation as a capable and rising physician. 

In religion he is a member of the English Baptist 
Church, in politics, a Democrat, and fraternally, 
a devoted and enthusiastic member of the I. O. O. 
F., of which he has been an elticient member for a 
nifmber of years. He is a Past Grand of Hebron 
Lodge. Xo. 4pi~, of Chester county. He is also a 
Past Master of Skerrct Lo(Jge, Xo. 343, F. & A. "M., 
Laving served as representative to the Grand Lodge, 
r.Iasonic Temple, Philadelphia. 

Dr. Keylor has traveled quite extensivciv, and 
has visited in thirteen states of liie Union, from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific ; in 18S0 he spent seven, 
weeks in Colorado and Wyoming with hi? brother 
Henry, who was seeking a return of iieakh in the 

Dr. Keylor was marrierl in June. 1805, t>^ Miss 
Lillian B. Rakestruw. of Strasburg township. Thev 
have their home in Cocliranville. where the doctor 
owns real estate, and they have one daughter, 
Catherine Rebecca. 

JOHX II. ZELLER (deceased) was in his day 
one of the leading officials and citizens of Lancaster 
coimty, as well as one of its most enterprising busi- 
ness men. He was born in Shrewsbury, York Co., 
Pa.. INIay 20, 1832, son of Charles and Martha 
(Green") Zeller, the former a native of York and 
the latter of Lancaster county. 

John H. Zeller was reared in Florin, Lancaster 
county, where he was educated in the public schools, 
and at the age of fifteen vcars began teaching, a 
vocation he continued- to follow until about 1862, 
when he was elected to the oftice in the court 
of quarter sessions of the county and moved to 
Lancaster: he remained in the city Init six montlis, 
however, and then returned to Florin. In 1S57 he 
was elected a justice of the peace, but on his re- 
moval to Mt. Toy in 1S70, resigned this office: in the 
nicantinie, from the expiration of his office in the 
court of ((uarter sessions in 1S66 until his com- 
i"g to Mt. Jov, he conducted a mercantile 
business in Florin. At this place in 1872. he 
was again elected justice of the peace and re- 
elected in 1877. In 1870 he was elected clerk of the 
^'rphans' Court, served three }'cars and then ex- 
JTcssed a desire to retire to private life. But his 
many friends insisted upon his once more taking 
the otRce of justice of the peace, which he had pre- 
viously so ably and satisfactorily tilled. He iin- 
^liy consented and filled the oflice until 1883. when 
he resigned in order to become a notarv — an oftice 
lie held until death, Oct. 31, 1898. 

In addition to the elective offices, 3.1r, Zeller had 
filled, he was active in other walks of life. For 
many years lie was a school director, was a director 
in the First Xational Bank of }>rt. Joy, was one of 
the founders of the Henry Eberly cemetery at !Mt. 
Joy, and for forty-seven years clerked at public sales. 
He was also director in the .Marietta and Mount Joy 
Turnpike Company, was a fire insurance and real 
estate agent, was a collector, scrivener and sur- 
veyor, and did a large business in settling up estates. 
Pie was one of the busiest men in the county, was 
known everywhere and stood very high in the es- 
teem of the people. He was a quiet, imassuming 
gentleman, of a kindly disposition and honest to the 
core. He was emphaticallv what is called a self- 
made man. having started as a farmer-lad and ris- 
ing to the position of leading official and a business 
man of em.inence. In politics he was a Republican 
and fraternally was a Knight of Pythias. 

}.[r. Zeller was united in marriage with Miss 
Margaret Hinny, who was born in Oregon, Lan- 
caster Co.. Pa., March 3, 1833, daughter of Samuel 
and Margaret PTinny. To this ti'iarriage there were 

■ born nine children, in the following order: Sam- 
' ucl H., Nov, 27. 185 T. died April 10, 1S5.1; Charles 
' H., born Oct. 2;, 18;;: William PL, Tulv 2;. 1858, 

died Sept. 28. t88S : 'John B. S., Jan. 3, 1861"; Sallie 

i A. PL, Jan. lo. 1863, now the wife of C. L. Rt-by; 

I Jacob PP. ilarch 3, 1866. the representative of the 

i Prudential Life Insurance Comn.any, and for six 

\ear3 superintenflent of the Lancaster Caramel 

works ar Mt. Joy: 1'. S. Grant, born Oct. 31, 1808, 

died July i, 1S72: Henry H., born Dec. iS, 1S70, a 

clerk and salesman: Etta INlay, born April 19, 1873, 

the wife of C. K. Bennett. 

Charles H. Zeller, the eMest living of the above 
I named children, was reared in Mt. Joy and was 
; there educated in the common schools. At four- 
teen vears oi age. he began learning the painter's 
trade, but two vears later abandoned it, and for si.t 
: ^•ears was cng.nged in iron moulding in Mt. Joy and 
I Lancaster ; he v.-as next employed in various lines 
i of lousiness until 1877, when he began auctioneering 
antl this he has followed successfully for twenty- 

■ six \ears, averaging twenty-five sales annually. 

J h'or vear,^. als". from 18S4. he has been a tru.'^ted col- 
: lector and in Februar\- of that year was elected jus- 
tice of the peace, a position he has held with credit 
to himself, continuouslv until the present time. At 
the death of his father he succeeded to the business, 

■ which he still conducts in all its details. He also 
I served from about 1879 to 1882 as constable, and 

i^ now a justice of the peace. He is also a director 
; in the Marietta and Mt. Joy Turnpike Company. 
I Fraternally. Charles H. Zeller is Master of Rec- 
' ords of the K. of G. E. ; is Recording Secretary of 
! tlie O. U. A. ^.l. : is treasurer of the D. of L., in 
i which he has passcl all the chairs, and is a niember 

of the Degree of Pocahontas ; also of the K. of M. 
I C. the I. '^. O. R.. and th.e K. of M. In politics 
' Mr. Zeller has alwajrs been a Republican. 



Charles H. Zeller was married Dec. 21,. 1S75, to 
Miss Subilla .Morton, dau^rhter of William Alorton, 
of Lancaster county. Air. Zcllcr, through his busi- 
ness ability and astuteness, has realized a compet- 
ency and is now livincf in comfort and in the enjoy- 
ment of the esteem of a large circle of warm-hearted 

EPHRADI E. WEAVER, a skillful, pro.ijres- 
sive and •:^nerq'etic farmer of I\Ianor township, is a 
native of Lancaster county, born on the old home- 
stead in East Lampeter township Dec. 7, 1SG6. anrl 
was educated in the public schools of that locality. 
He remained at home until his father retired from 
active business, and then entered the employ of his 
brother-in-iav.', Mr. Girven, on whose farm he 
worked two or three vears, after which he was in 
the emplo}- of his brothers, Aaron and Eenjamin F. 
Weaver, in I\Ianor township, for ten years. 

On Nov. 18, iSgr, ]\Ir. Weaver married JMiss 
Hettie E. Houser, a daus^htcr of Christian and Emma 
CHoover) Houser, and a granddaughter of John 
Houser. Tlie first of the Hoiiser familv to come to 
America was her g:reat-oTeatg'»-andfath.?r, Christian 
Houser. a native of Germany, who located in Lan- 
caster co'.mty. Pa. Mrs. Weaver's father was one 
of a family of four children, v.'as a farmer of Lam- 
peter township, and was a member of the Mennon- 
ite Church. He died June 19. 1S9S. at the ag'e of 
fifty-four years, but her mother is still livinp:. at the 
ape of fifi\-six. In their familv were nine children, 
of whom Mrs. Weaver is the eldest, the others be- 
in^ John E., a farmer of Lampeter township ; Win- 
nie M. ; Lizzie I\L, who died Aug. 16. 1902; Ella 
M., who was married IvTarch. 12, 1902, to Ellis 
Weaver, and is living on a farm in West Lampeter 
township ; Mabel K. ; Emma L. : Ethel A. : and Maud 
C. Mr. and I^lrs. Wea\-er have two children: Al- ' 
bert E., born March 14, 1893; and Ruth E., born 
;Tune 2, 1805. I 

In the sprincf of 1892 Mr. Weaver located upon 
his present farm in Manor township, which he had 
purchased the previous fall. It consists of forty- 
seven and a half acres on the Colimibia turnpike, ' 
three and a half miles west of Lancaster, and since 
it came into the possession of Mr. Weaver he has 
made many valuable improvements thereon, the place 
and its entire surroundinq-s denoting the thrift, en- 
terprise and prosperity of the owner. He follows 
general farming, and is numbered among the most . 
progressive men of his community. In his political 
affiliations he is a Republican. 

prominent and prosperous business citizens of Chris- | 
tiana, Pa., was bom in Upper Oxford townsliip, 
Chester county, on Oct. 3. 1844. I^'S parents were : 
Jacob W. and Rachel f Dickinson") Harper, of Upper 
Oxford tov»nship, on the father's side, who was 
bora in the old Harper homestead there, and of 
Salisburv townshin, in this county, on the mother's 

side, her native place having been on the site of 
what is now Lapps postoffice. 

Grandfather William C. Harper v/.-s a native of 
County Derry, Ireland, a nail maker by trade, and 
he came to -America at the time of the Irish insur- 
rection. His marriage was to Alary V\"cldon, an'l 
I they settled in Chester Co., Pa., on a farm near Rus- 
i sellville, and both belonged to the Presbvterian 
Church. The maternal grandparents of Joseph 
Dickinson Flarper were Joseph and Phoebe (Alor- 
ris) Dickinson, of Lancaster Co., Pa. Mr. Dickinson 
in connection with his farming engaged in mer- 
chandising also, and erected what is now Lapps 
store, for his son, Joseph. 

Father Jacob W. Harper v,-as a blacksmith bv 
trade and a veterinary surgeon bv profession, be- 
came prom.inent in his township and lield many of 
the local omces. His death occurred in 1885. at 
the age of seventy-four years, and that of his wife 
in 1877, at the age of sixtv-tive years. Their 
burial was at Faggs Manor Presbyterian cemeterv, 
in Chester county, the former having been a tnember 
of the Presbyterian Church, whiie tlie latter ad- 
here'/! consisteritly through life to the tenets of the 
Society of Friends. Their children were : Joseph D. : 
Mary W„ who married Harry Witmer. a grocer in 
Lancastiu; Phoebe A., who married Henry Bov.-- 
man, a farmer of Buck Run, Chester county ; Rachel, 
who died young; Emma J., deceased, x'/iu) tiiar;-ied 
Samuel Erookhart, of Silver Spring, Pa., a con- 
ductor on the Philadelphia & Reading R. R. : and 
John, who died from the effects of a kick from a 
horse, in 1S75. 

At the age of eight 3'ears Joseph Dickinson 
Harper went to live with his paternal grandpar- 
ents and remained there, going to school and work- 
ing on the farm, until he was seventeen years of 
age, returning then to his father, under whom he 
learned the blacksmith's trade. At the age of tv.-en- 
ty-one he went to Russcllville and worked for 
tv.-enty-three months in a carriage-making estab- 
lishment, going from there to Jennerville, where he 
rented a large carriage-making shop for a pericxl 
of two years. For four years he was in the same 
business in Cochranville, coming to Cliristiana in 
1876. Here he bought out the establishment con-; 
ducted by Lingerfleld & Hirst, and has successfuiiv 
pushed this business ever since, becoming a leader 
in this part of the county. Air. Harper has been 
noted for his industry and his present large busi- 
ness is mainly due to the honest and upright meth- 
ods which he has adopted, in connection with a 
close attention and thorough, practical knowledge 
of all details. 

The marriage of 3,lr. Harper was on Jan. 15. 
1S74, in Lancaster, to Miss Eliza A. Harvey, and 
the children born to this marriage were: Taylor 
W., who lives at hom.e, unm.arried, and follows the 
trade of carriage painter; Arvilla J., a talented 
teacher : Chester T., who is attending college at New 
Brunswick ; and Myra E., at home. The birth 01 




yin. Harper was in West Fal'.owfielil township, 
Chester county, in 1844, a daughter of Capt. Joseph 
and Ehza f ^NIcGloiigiilin) Harvey. The former 
was a faTner and also a blacksmith, was captain of 
the old Pennsylvania militia, and died in 1S72, at 
tlie age of seventy-eicirht ^ea^s, the motlier siirvivinc^ 
until 1S79, dying at the age of seventy-five. Both 
parents of Mrs. Harper were consistent members 
of the Baptist Church. Their children were : 
Streater, who died young; James, who died aged 
seventy; E. Pennock, a farmer of Chester county; 
Rebecca, who resides with her sister, Eliza A., ilrs. 
Harper ; Toel M., a l)utoher and grocer, in Parkes- 
burg. and Taylor, deceased. 

Mr. Plarper has long been a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church where he contributes liberally of 
his means. In political belief he is a Democrat, al- 
though his persona! feelings lead hirn to favor much 
that he finds in the Prohibition party. In all things 
he is a good citizen, anrl fills evcrv duty to his fami- 
Iv, church and community in a way to secure to him 
the high esteem of his fellow-citizens. 

DAMD S. HORST. a \\atcln-naker and former- 
ly a farmer of Raplio township, was born in IMt. 
Joy township, Jan. i, 1S24, son of Peter and Chrisr 
tina (Sbeliry) Horst, of Lancaster county. 

Peter Horst uas a niilier, as early a= 1816 build- 
ing a mill in ilt. Joy, on the Little Chiqucs creek 
which he ran for forty years. The property still 
remains in the family. j\lr. Horst died in 1S76, at 
the advanced age of eightv-nine years ; his wife 
died in 1870, at the age ot seventy-four years. They 
are both buried in private burying grounds in Ra- 
pho townsliip. They were members of the IMen- 
Tionite Church. This couple had children as fol- 
lows: Abraham S. who died at the age of seventy 
years, married to I\Iary JMusser; Henry S. who 
<Iicd at the age of seven years ; Catherine S.. de- 
ceased wife of Peter Risscr; Fanny S.. late wife 
of Samuel Aleckley; David S. ; Elizabeth S., who 
lives at Mt. Joy, Pa. ; and .\nna S., who is also un- 
married, and lives with her sister Elizabeth. The 
grandparents of Mr. Horst were Michael and Ver- 
onica (Shelly) Horst. of Lancaster. In the year 
1780 Michael Horst built a stone house which ad- 
joins the residence property of his grandson, David 
^. Horst. The grandfather, who was a, dicfl 
in 1820. at the age of seventy-seven years, and his 
w-ife died fifteen years later. 

There were tliree brothers of the family who 
came from Sv^-itzerland. one settling in Groffs Dale, 
Lancaster countv. who was the great-great-grand- 
father of David's. Horst; one near Lebanon, Pa., 
and the other in York county. Pa. The maternal 
grandparents of Mr. Horst were Christian and 
Anna (Engle) Shelley. 

^ In T850 in Lancaster, David S. Horst married 
••'iss Mary Hershey, the cereiuonv being performed 
Jv Rev. Mr, Strine. There have been no children 
norn to Mr. and Mrs. Korst. Mrs. Horst was born 

in Raplio township in Novem.ber, 1S25, daughter 
of Jacob and Catherine (Witmer) Hershey, of Lan- 
caster county. Her father, who was a farmer, died 
in 1841, at the age of fifty years. His wife died in 
1863, at the age of seventy-two }-ears, and they are 
buried in Cross Roads iVleeting House cemetery. 
East Donegal township, Thev were members of 
the Ri\-cr Brethren Church. There were born to 
this couple the following children: Joseph, de- 
ceased; Catherine, deceased wife of John Heisey; 
Barbara, deceased wife of David Martin ; Eliza- 
; beth, deceased wife of Eenjatnin Ritter; Marv, wife 
of David S. Horst: \'cronica, late wife of Joseph 
! Gish, of Rajiho township ; Susan, wife of Abraliam 
Young, of Mt. Toy; and Jacob, deceased, ^vlr.s. 
I Horst's grandfather was Christian Plershey, of Lan- 
! caster county. 

1 David S. Horst remained with his parents until 
his marriage, when he came to his present home. 
He v.-orked in the mill part of tlie time, and part of 
i the time on the farm. Pie had when a bov of n'ui'^ 
I acquired a knowledge of the watch making trade. 
I and folioweil it from that time on whenever he had 
I tlie time and occasion ; as a child he made wooden 
clocks for his own amusement. .Mr. and Mrs. Horst 
: are memliers of the River Brethren (Dunkard) 
1 Church. In politics. ]\Ir. Plorst votes the Republi- 
; can ticket, hut he has never been a seeker after office. 
I Ho is in affluent circumstances, and prominent in. 
; the communitv in which he resides. Altiiough '(veil 
I along in years his health is excellent, and lie is ablfs 
i to attend to business as well as a much younger man. 

I CHARLES H. FIIXKLE, deceased. There 

I are men who possess a certain kindliness of heart, 

I steadiness of purpose, and stanch assertion of priii- 

I ciple, combined with unassuming manners that at- 

; tract irresistibly to them as steadfast friends ail 

; right minded individuals. A man of that character 

I was Charles H. Hinkle, whose life was cut otT most 

1 prematurely, v.dien he was but forty years of age, 

i and when he was entering upon a career of extended 

' usefulness. In his vounger years he was a fireman 

on the Pennsylvania Railroad, but he abandoned 

I that hazardous occupation to accept the position of 

I messenger and watchman in the Columbia National 

I Bank, a position which he held for nine years to the 

day of his death in 1885. But he was not only a 

I messenger and watchman. He rose to the position 

! of director as well. He was also at the time of his 

I death a director of the Columbia Gas Company, of 

which he was for a time secretary and treasurer. 

He possessed keen business ability and had already 

acquired a competence when overtaken by death. 

Charles H. Hinkle was born in West Hempfield 
township in 1S45. the s;on of Henrv and Sally f ?»Ic- 
Gee) Plinkle, representatives of tlie oldest families 
of Lancaster county. His grandfather, Honnes 
Hinkle, was born near Lancaster in 1775. His 
father, Hcnr\' Hinkle, also a native of Lancaster 
county removed to r\Iaytown in 176S, and remained 



there until 1778. He was drafted into the Revolu- 
tionary war hut ran a\va\- with se\'eral other drafteil 
men. and took reiuc^e on 2\[undorlt".s Inland, bciow 
Safe Harbor, where he was captured by a detach- 
ment of soldiers and brought to Lancaster. He was 
detailed to drive a team in the supply train cf ilie 
Continental army, and particinated in the battles of 
Trenton and Brandywine. He remained in the 
army imtil honorably disch.arged. 

Honnes Hinkle had th.e following chiMren: 
Joseph, who became a farraer of York county : 
William, who settled in Donegal township. Lan- 
caster county: John, who moved to Ohio; Honnes: 
Henry; Isaac: Patience, who was married to J<:-si:-ph 
Mays ; Catherine, who married Henry Kniglns. a 
tanner and also for a time proprietor of the "Eiack 
Horse Hotel" in CohuTibia : Xancy, v/ho married 
Jacob Attstatt. and Elizabeth, who marrierl John 
Lockard. Honnes nas a man of rugcrcd pi'"!ieer 
type, honest and blunt in maimer, and a creneral 
favorite among the early settlers, tie married a 
Miss Kaufi'man. 

Henrv Hinkle. son of Honnes. was born in West 
Hemptield township, near Columbia, in iSoi. After 
the death of his father. wiMch occurred about iSjo, 
Henry and his brother Isaac took cliarge of tlie 
home farm, and continued joint tenants for more 
than thirty years, occupying the same resideni.-e and 
eating at the same table. Isaac's liealth failing, the 
property I)y mutual agreement was divid.ed. anrl Isaac 
removed to Columliia, where he died a fcv,- years later. 
Henry also removed to Columbia in after life, and 
there he died Aug. 24. 1S75. He had become a 
director of the Columbia National Bank, and left an 
estate of over to be divided among his 
children. His wife, whose maiden name was Sally 
McGee, also died at Columbia. Tlieir children _ 
were as follows : Rebecca, who married Christian 
Hershcv, and is now deceased : Isaac, a retired 
farmer of Wrights ville : Joseph, who died in ad- 
vanced life, a retired farmer: William, who oper- 
ated the hotel at Wrightsville, and is now deceased : 
David, proprietor of a hotel at Columbia : Charles 
H. ; John, deceased, anrl Catherine, wife of \\"illiam 
Hardy, a blacksmith at Columbia, for the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad. 

Charles H. Hmkle was reared on the farm. In 
1867. in Columbia, he niarric'i Miss Amelia ]\[. L1- 
mer, dau.ghter of Joseph and Marv Gertrude ( Hine- 
■land) L'lmer. Five children were born to Charles H. 
and Amelia Hinkle. namely : James B., of Columbia : 
Lizzie C, wife of Edward Becker, a bookkeeper of 
Columbia : L otta, deceased : Clara, deceased, and 
Jlary, deceased. Mr. Hinkle. the husband and 
father, died in 1885 aged forty years. He was 
buried at Columbia. His widow, eight years later, 
married Tolin Rodkev, of ^^''est Plempficld township. 
whose sketch appears elsewhere. Charles H. Hinkle 
was a member of Chiriuesalunga Tribe. Red r^Ien. 
and at tlie time of his death was secretary of the 
Columbia Gas Company. He was one of the proini- 

nent, progressive business men of Columbia, whcse 
personal influence and eitorts were ever directed *i^ 
the upbuilding of the city's interests. 

.AIARTIN R. SHEAFFER. One of the pro- 
minent and eminentlv successful farmers of Upjjor 
Leacock township, is Tdartin R. Sheatter, v.ho also 
has been extensively engaged in tobacco jiackinc:. 
The birth of Mr. .^heaffer occurred in Earl town- 
ship, July 25, 1843. and lie was a son of Philip rai't 
Leah 1 Rutter) Sheatter. wdio were natives of Ear! 
and Leacock to^vnships. respectively. Tlie grcat- 
grandfatlier of Mr. Sheaiter of this record can^e 
from Germanv and was one of the pioneers of the 
first settlement of Earl townsliip, and bore the name 
of 3.1artin Shearfer. this being a family name. The 
paternal grandparents of Mr. Sheatter of this 
sketch were JNIartin and Hilary (Aliller) Sheaffer, 
the former of whom was born in 1770 and died at 
the age of forty-nine years, iii 1821. He was a 
successful farmer anrl well-known and respected cit- 
izen of Earl township, and became the father ot 
seven sons and five daughters. The jr.aternal 
grandparents of Mr. Slieaffer were Henry and 
Elizabeth (Royer) Rutter, farming people of Lan- 
caster county. 

Philip Sheatter was born in December, 1803. 
and died on April 13, 1864. and was buried in the 
Groftdale cemetery. In his early life he carried 
on a distilling business, but later settled dou-n to 
agricultural purstiiis. The mother of ^[r. Siicaffer 
of this sketch was born on Aug. 25. 1815, and is 
now an honored member of Ids household. Mar- 
tin R- was th.e onlv child of this marriage. 

Tvlartin R. Sbcalter. who is the subject of thi-^ 
hiographv. attended the district schocLs during b-oy- 
hcH?d and assisted his father on the iiomestead farir; 
until he was twenty years old, then beginning to 
farm on his own account and continuing thus en- 
gaged at the same place until 1876. At this date 
he retired from farming and moved iiUo the village 
of Bareville. where he resided for five years. Then 
he returned to the farm for one year, but fmaih.- 
(iisposed of it and returned to town life and ensaged 
in tobacco packinsf in Bareville, where he has since 
remained, one of the most substantial citizens. Mr. 
Sheafifer is a Republican in politics, and activ^-iv 
upholds the principles and candidates of his party. 
For the past six years he has been a director m the 
New Holland Bank, one of the firmly establi.slied 
financial institutions of the county. 

The first marriage of Mr. .'^hcafifer was on Nov. 
17, 1864. in Mechanicsburg. tc Caroline Gravhili, and 
the children of this marriage were: Graybill, wh.i> 
died Alay 5. 1866: Martin G.. who is an attoriK"- 
of Lancaster citv. married .\nna ^l. I eight, to wiiont 
have been born two chiKlren. Dorotiiy anrl Mart!;a: 
Cora, who married John W. Eshleman, of Ephrata. 
Pa., where he is engacfed in the manufacti:'e o! 
cigars, and whose children number four. ]'"nnny. 
' Flsther, Caroline and Martin .S. ; Caroline. \\l"i re- 



sides at home ; Clavtoii R., ^vbo resides in Phila- 
delphia; Blanche E., deceased; and Walter, de- 

}.Irs. Caroline (Graybill) Shcaffer was born in 
Earl township on ilarch 6, 1846, and died on INiay 
;-, 1SS6, and her burial was at Groftdale, Pa. She 
•A as a daughter of Levi and Fanny (Kinport) Gray- 
bill, natives of Lancaster county, of .S\viss ancestry. 

The second marriage of ^Ir. Sheaiter was on 
T;;ne iS. iSSS, in Lancaster, to Lottie A. Myer, and 
the children born to this union were: Leah 'M., 
deceased ; Amanda M., who died in infancy ; and 
Rebecca, who lives at home. 

Mrs. Lottie A. (JMyer) Sheafier was born in. 
Upper Leacock townsliip Jan. ig, i860, daughter 
of Samuel R. and Amanda (Evans) Myer, the 
former of whom was for many years a prominent 
minister in the German Baptist Church. A sister 
of Mrs. Sheaffer is the well-known instructor, IMiss 
Elizabeth Myer, of the Elizabethtown College. 

yir. Sheaffer is a man for wliom his neighbors 
have theliighest respect ; his business ability is firmly 
established and his integrity imqucstioned. The 
familv is an old and honorable one in Lancaster 

J.\COB H. r^lECKLEY. wlio unites tlie 
busmess of a lumber merchant and a farmer in 
Eainbridge, was born in Conoy township, Oct. 2, 
1840. Conoy not having tlien been set apart from 
Donegal township. 

Benjamin and Barbara (Ilaideman) !v[eckley, 
his parents, were born in ^h. Joy and Raplio town- 
ships, respectively, and both died in Conoy town- 
ship. The father was a farmer, and operated a saw- 
mill from 1S49 to 1S80. He was a successful man. 
occupying a prominent place in the community, and 
serving as a school director for several years. I'^or 
some ten \-ears prior to his demise he lived retired, 
dying in 1S92, at the age of seventy-six years, 
^[rs. Barbara IMeckle)- died in 1850. at the age of 
forty-two years, and I)oth were buried in Good's 
Meeting Plouse Cemeterv in \\'est Donegal town- 
ship. Benjamin IMeckley was a member of the 
Mennonite Church, and his wife of the L^nited 
Brethren. They had the following children : Ja- 
cob H. : Christ H.. a cigar maker at Lock Haven, 
Pa. ; Anna H., wife of Benjamin Fink, a carpenter 
and contractor in Conoy township ; Elizabeth, 
widow of Andrew Shank, living in Bainbridge; 
Mrs. Barbara ^^Feckley died in 1850, at the age of 
Abraham H.. of Cohmibia, Pa., mentioned else- 
where: Benjamin H., who died voung; Samuel H., 
who was married and died at the age of twenty-two 
years: and Jlartin H., single and living in Mt. Joy 

The paternal grandparents of Jacob H. Meek- 
ley were Melchior and Elizalieth (Ploffer) ?ileck- 
ley, both natives of Lancaster county, and life-long 
residents of Mt. Joy township, where their lives were 
devoted to farminsf. ^Ir. Mccklev's maternal grand- 

parents were Christian and Barbara fSwartz) Hal- 
'iviiian, both also natives of Lancaster county, who 
passed their lives on a farm in Rapho townsiiip. 
-Mr. r^Ieckley is related to the Meckleys and Hoffers 
of Elizabethtown, sketches of wliom are found in 
another place. 

Jacob H. ileckley v.-as married in Conoy town- 
ship, Dec. 23, 1S77, to ]\liss Anna Wilhelm, and to 
this union were born the following cp.ildren: 
Franklin B., iMary \V., Elizabeth \V., Benjamin 
Harrison and Jacob W. 3.1rs. IMeckley was !)om in 
3.[aytown. a daughter of Tohn and Elizabeth ( Xey) 
\\'ilhelni, of Conoy township, where they buth died, 
her father, a veteran of the War of the Rebeliion, in 
1866, and her mother in T872, at the acre of fiftv 
vears. Th.ey were devoted members of the Lutheran 
Church, and were laid to rest in the eemeter}- at 

rvlr. ifecklcy spent the first eighteen years of 
his life at liomo with his parents, and tiien 'ieoauie 

' an apprentice at the carpenter trade in Maiich.ester. 
Pa., where he spent two years. At the end of that 
tim.e he came back to his native township, and fol- 
lowed his trade until September, 1862, when he en- 

1 listed in a regiment that was being raised bv Col. 

i Dickey, and went to Chambersburg and C-reeii 
Castle, but was rejected as not meeting the pliysical 
requirements of the service. Coming home, he fol- 
lowed his trade until 1866, wheii he was i>iir in 
ciiarge of the Mcckley sawmill, which he carried on 
until 1S71. I'" r^m that time until i:S8S he lia(J charge 
of the Locust Grove steani sawmill in Conoy town- 
ship. At the end of tliis time he moved to Bain- 
bridge to start a lumber vard. and at the same time 
engaged in farming. ]\[r. Mcckley is a hustling 
and energetic man, and has been quite successful in 
his various undertakings, accumulating a fair com- 
petence and winning a very enviable standing in the 
community. For the past sixteen years he has 
served as school director, and is a number of the 
Church of God. He belongs to tl-.e Senior O. 
U. A. y[. In his politics he is a Republican. 

GEORGE M. ]\L\URER. Li thriftiness. in- 
dustr}' and all those sterling qualities essential to 
permanent success on the fariri George M. ^Lu^rer 
takes prominent rank among the citizens of West* 
Hempfiekl township, Lancaster county. He has for 
mauv vears eneaged in general farming and garden- 
ing on the well-improved and well tilled acres which 
his father jnirchased more than forty years ago. 

The father, ("ieorge Maurer, was born June 9, 
1817, in Xiederlierbach. Hessen-Darmstadt. son of 
Frank and Mary (Kline) Maurer. There were 
three sons and one daughter, of whom George, the 
j voimgest, was the onlv one who ever came to Amer- 
I ica. although all the others have d.escendaiUs here. 
George started to earn his own living when a mere 
; boy, and in 1830 wc find him at Schloss Xeuburg, 
' near Heidelberg, an old castle which had been re- 
built, and was then occupied by Johann Friederich 



Schlosser, a renowned antlior and translator. Here 
the boy acted as valet to Father Heinrich I.emcke, tlie 
family priest, a man who had been first a soldier, 
fighting a,Q;ainst Napoleon for five years, then was 
ordained as a Protestant minister and finally, in 
I<S26, was converted to the Catholic faith. In 1833 
Bishop Kcnrick, of Pliiladeliih.ia, issncd a circular 
letter to the Carhnlic priests of (jL^rmany, asking for 
help for the German Catholics scattered through 
western Pennsylvania. Father Lemcke decided to 
he one of the missionaries, and urged George to go 
with him, promising to do for him all that a father 
could, but friends i:)ersuadcd the boy to refuse, a 
decision he regrette'l all his life. 

After losing this good friend George drifted 
from one employment to another among the Ger- 
.man upper classes, at last becoming gardener to the 
Rev. Stapleton, a minister wlio had a small congre- 
gation of English at Heidelberg during the sum- 
mers. By this time his parents had died and George 
had married -\nna yi. Aleilvjrt. Becoming filled 
with democratic ideas and with the hope of earning 
better wages, he determined to go to America ; in 
1832, leaving his family in Germany, he came to this 
country and settled at Cordelia Furnace, in West j 
Hempheld townsliip. Lancaster county. Here he 
found employment, and his family joined him the \ 
next year. Almost his first act in America was to 1 
make inquiries for Father Lemcke. Now, the priest's 
meeting with Prince De Galliyih in the Alleghanies, ; 
his labors there and later in Arkansas, are matters 
of history, but then George Maurer found it im- 
possible to get a trace of him. and not until a year 
before his death did lie hear of his old master. Then, 
in a Catholic almanac, he found a sketch of Father 
Lemcke's life and the notice of his death in .Arkansas, 
a year previously. Meantime, Alaurer was prosper- 
ing; in 1861 he purchased a farm of twelve acres in 
West Hempfield township and there began in a 
modest way an agricultural career v.diich continued 
uninterruptedly until his death, which occurred Oct. 
22, 1S85, at the age of sixty-eight years. George 
Maurer was a tall, strong man, over six feet in 
height and of proportionate build : in all 
business .papers he was designated as "George 
Maurer (big),"' to distinguish him from 
others of his name, and among the Ger- 
man-speaking people about him he was usually 
known as "Der grosse JMaurer." For his character, 
it is sufficient to say that his word was as good as 
his bond. His widow survived until 1890, passing 
away at the age of sixtx-scven years. They were j 
buried at Columbia. Pa. Both were devout mem- 
bers of the German Catholic Church. Two chil- i 
dren blessed their union, Barbara, who married John j 
Geltz, and is now deceased, and George M. j 

The latter was born in Hesse-Darmstadt, Ger- ! 
many, INIarch 20, 1S4S, am.I was brought to .America i 
by his mother in 1853. ^^ was reared in West I 
Hempfield township. Lancaster county, and has ever 1 

since resided there, remaining v,-ith his fa:l:er v.r.f.; 
the latter'? death, in 1885. He tlien. took c'naree of 
the little farm, which he has since conducted rno?t 
profitably. He married, Nov. 17, 1S70, in Columbia, 
rdiss Alary ^Michael, who was born in Prussia, Ger- 
many, July 22. i8-;8, daughter of Mathias an.d Mar- 
garet (Alichaen IvJichael. She em.igrated to Amer- 
ica in 1850 w:th her parents, who settled in Mt. To- 
township, Lancaster county. The father enlisted in 
a Pennsylvania regiment and served in the armv dur- 
incr the Civd war. Soon after his honorable dis- 
cliarge he removed to Missouri where he took up a 
homestead and remained until his death, which oc- 
curred in 187 1. He was a member of the Caihoiic 
church. To Mathias and Alargaret r^Iiclnel were 
born a family of four children, namely : Peter, who 
died in I\Iissouri ; Catherine, wife of John Kline, a 
farmer of West Hempheld township: Mary. v,-ife 0: 
Mr. Maurer; and Stephen, who resides in Missouri. 
To (_icorge M. and Mary Maurer have been born 
ten children, as follows: George, Stephen and Tolm. 
deceased; Alary, wife of George Sipp, of \Ves: 
Hempheld township ; Frank, a silk weaver, who 
married, Sept. 25, 1902, Mary, daughter of Samuel 
Steckler: Joseph, deceased: Elizabeth, Simon and 
William, at home : and Charles, deceased. Mr. 
Maurer and family are members of the Catholic 

HENRY ZAHM F^HO.VDS, who retired from 
the jewelry and art goods business some six vears 
ago, only to engage more actively than ever in other 
pursuits, has an ancestry on both his father's and 
mctiier's side that goes back to tlie early da\-5 of 

The first Rlioads of whom we have anv account 
■was Yohon Ludwig Roth fas the name was sr.eiied 
in those davsL who came to .A.merica from Bonfeld. 
Alsace, about 1728, and settled near the Trappe, in 
Montgoroery county. Pa. Philip Roth, a son, ac- 
companied Mm. In 1800 John Rhoads, grandfa- 
ther of Henr^.- Zahm, began writing the name as 
it is now written — Rhoads,. instead of Roth. John 
Rhoads had triree sons. Williain. Daniel and T.-^ccb. 
All three became hatters, although their father was 
a tailor, learming their trade wdth Ji^hn H. Fox. a 
iiat manufacturer, who had married their sister. 
Daniel and Jscob came to Lancaster in 1S31 and 
began the hat business. Daniel retiring from the 
business in 1S52. and Jacob in 1856. .\fter dis- 
continuing hi» trade Jacob Rhoads bought a large 
tract of land i!:i the Eighth ward, and proceeded to 
develop that section, the commodious home v.diich 
be built, and tiie fine orchard which he planted, be- 
ing still in the possession of Henry Z. Rhoads. TacVn 
Rhoads was rrErried, in 1838, to Elizabeth, daugli- 
ter of Godfriod Zahm, a well-known brushmaker. 
prominent in it",e arlairs of Lancaster. Five chil- 
dren blessed l*hjis union, two of whom are living. 
Henry Zahm ind Emma, the latter the widow of 



• .■:■ late Henry Deitrich GroiT. The Zahms came 
to America in 1730, from Hcrrnhut, Saxony, set- 
tling in JMontg-omerv county, i\laryland. 

llenrv Zahni Riioads was oducated in the public 
schools of Lancaster, and, after leaving- school, was 
cii!,'agcd for a time at daguerrcotyping, modern pho- 
tography not having been known at that time. After 
this he became an apprentice to the ieweh'y business 
with Zahm & Jackson, and later, to perfect hini- 
ielf in watchmaking, served an apprenticeship with 
Theodore Wolf. He next went to Virginia, working 
as a journeyman jeweler and w-atchmaker until the 
\var broke out, when he returned to Lancaster. Un 
Oct. 12, 1861, Mr. Rhoads began the jewelry busi- 
ness on the north side of West King street, in part- 
nership with C". J. Gillespie, arid nine montiis later 
bought Mr. Gillespie's interest. His next venture 
was in 1868, when, in partnership \vith his brother, 
Charles, he bought the old ■'Lamb Hotel," on the 
south side of West King street, and in 1869, H. 
Z. Rhoads & Ero. left the original stand on the 
opposite side of the street and removed to the old 
"Lamb Tavern'' property, which they had convertei.i 
into a modern store, and here j\lr. Rhoads erected 
the first public clock (besides the courthouse clock) 
in the city. The property is now occupied by Metz- 
ger & Haughman, drv- goods merchants. After a 
_time J\Ir. Rhoads built the elegant and substantial 
structure, now knov/n as Nijs. 4 and 6 Weht King 
street, and there tiie second public clock was erected, 
the third being in Centre Square. Charles God- 
fried Rhoads, his brother, became a partner in the 
business in 1865, and remained as such until his 
death, in 1882. Henrv Z. Rlioads continued the 
business until 1896, when he retireti, yet he did no: 
retire from active pursuits, having since become 
interested in the business of the Lancaster Silver 
Plate Company, in partnership with Albert Rosen- 
stein. He was also one of tlie promoters of the 
Conestoga Fire Insurance Company, of which he 
is the present secretary, and which began busi- 
ness in August, 1897 • although organized as a 
mutual company, it changed to a stock concern, 
and has already (1902) written over $2,000,000 of 
insurance. Mr. Rhoads has also been considerable 
of a builder, having erected twenty tine dwelling- 
hiOuses in the Eighth ward, and owning the ground 
for many more. In the summer of 1901 he added 
to his building operations by erecting an elegant 
home for himself on South Prince street, the house 
being fashioned after a Parisian model. While 
:ri the jewelry and art business ]\Ir. Rhoads visited 
Lurope five times, bringing over such treasures in 
jewels and art goods as were never before (nor 
since) offered to Lancaster purchasers in. the hom.e 

Twice the Democrats of the Eighth ward have 
<^!ected Mr. Rhoads a member of the board of school 
directors, and he proved as industrious and intelli- 
frpnt in the direction of school matters as he did in 
his own afTairs. 

Zvlr. Rhoads was marr'od. in young manhood, to 
Miss Anastasia McConomy, daughter of the late 
Peter ilcConom}\ one of Lancaster s most promi- 
nent citizens, and who u-as for twenty-nine years 
treasurer of the Lancaster school board. Two chil- 
dren were born of this union: Rebecca, who was 
the wife of Dr. W. H. Lowell, but \vho entered into 
rest in 1893 ; and Godfried Zahm, connected v.ith 
the Lancaster Silver Plate Company. 

SA:\IUEL ^IARTIX. One of the very pros- 
perous general fanners of Salisbury township, Lan- 
caster county, is Samuel Zvlartin, who was born [an. 
29, 1855, on the homestead which is still his resi- 
dence. His parents Joscfih and !\Iagde!ena (Obcr- 
holtzer) Martin, were born in Salisbury and Cocal- 
ico townships, respectively. Joseph }.rartin engaged 
in farming in his native township until 1S76, when 
he retired from active life, but he retained his home 
on the farm until the spring of 1892, when he moved 
to Eareville. where he passed the remainder of his 
life, dying Sept. 19, 1900, at the age of seventy-six 
years ; his wife died in 1S69, when she was forty 
years old. .Both parents were devout members of the 
Mennonite Church, and the remains of the mother 
were interred in Hcrshey's cemetery, and t'nose of 
the father in Grotfdale. Their eleven children 
were born in tiie following order : Elizabeth, wife of 
John Keaiier, a farmer oi Strasburg: -\lagdalena, 
deceased wife of Elam Laadis; Anna, widovv of 
Benjamin Erackbill ; Samuel, whose name opens 
this biography : Abraham, deceased : one that died 
in infancy; Joseph, Henry. Isaac and David, all de- 
ceased ; and another that died in infancy. Susanna, 
a step sister of these children, is also deceased. 

Samuel Alartin has passed his entire life on this 
farm, whicli by inheritance is now his own, and 
which comprises loi acres. He has improved the 
place in many respects o^'er its former conditions, 
and keeps it under a high state of cultivation, being 
familiar with all its details and capabilities, and be- 
ing himself thoroughly trained to agriculture. His 
success, however, is greatly due to his own industry 
and good management, and it is doubtful whether or 
no there is a farm of its size in the township more 
productive, or which presents to the eye of the passer- 
by a more pleasing ideal of rustic beauty, or agri- 
cultural thrift. 

On Nov. ig. 1S76, Samuel ^Martin was united in 
marriage with ]Miss Amanda Landi'^, at New Hol- 
land, Lancaster county, and of whose genealogy 
something additional will be said. This union was 
blessed w-ith sixteen children, namely: Mary, who 
is the wife of Martin Weaver, a farmer in Earl town- 
ship, and has three children : Hcttie, deceased ; Liz- 
zie, Abraham and Mcttie, still at home: Lydia, de- 
ceased ; Emma, at home ; Landis. deceased : Aman- 
da, Anna, Samuel, Jr., and Katie, also at home ; 
Amos, deceased ; Ella, deceased ; and Ada and Jo- 
sepii, still under the parental roo.f. 

Mrs. Amanda (Landis) ^vlartin was born in Lea- 



cock township, Lancaster county, Sept. 22. 1S55. a 
dauj^littT of Levi and iMary (Buckwalter) LanJis. 
the former of whom was a son of Christian and 
Mary (Landis) Landis, and the latter a daugliter of 
Abraham and Esther (Hoover) Buckwalter, both 
families bein^- prominent and g'reatly respected farm- 
ing people of Lancaster county, and residing in Eden 
and Upper Leacock townships, respectively. Levi 
Landis was called from earth Dec. 14, 1897, at the 
age of seventy-one }-ears. In rclic^ious belief he was 
a Mennonite, and was l)uried in Hershey's cem.etery. 
His Vv'idow, who was born May 27, 1825, has her 
home on the same farm with her son-in-law, ^Ir. 
Martin. To Levi and ^lary Landis were born six 
children, namely; Elam, a farmer in Earl town- 
ship: Hettie A., deceased wife of David Grolt; 
Amanda, now !\Irs. .Samuel r^Iartin ; Emma, Anna 
M. and Lydia. at home. 

Samuel Martin is the owner of as fine a farm as 
there is in Salisbury township, and his skillful man- 
agement keeps it fully uii to the standard. He has 
ever been industrious and liirifty, uprigiit and pub- 
lic-spirited, and rearly ;it all times to contribute his 
share towanl the promotion of such ])ublic works a-; 
may result in the benefit 01 th.; ncighhoriiood in 
whicli he lives. He is a member of the Mennonite 
Church. In politics he is a Republican, and is uni- 
versallv honored as a citizen. 

SAML'EL L. CARI-^EXTER. Prominrntly 
identified witJi the dc\clapment and growth of 
caster county for a number of years, the name of 
Carpenter become associated in the public mind 
Vv'ith uprightness of cliaractcr. and honest and ener- 
getic business methods. T!ie original founder of 
this family was Henry Carpenter, who came from 
the Canton of Heme. Sv>itzer!and, .and settled at 
Germanto'.vn. Pa., as uarlv as 1608. In 1700. he re- 
turned to his native land, and there married Salome 
Ruflner, of the Canton of Zurich, and in 1706, with 
his v:\ip an<l two small sons, Emanuel and Gabriel, 
four and two years of age, respectively, returned to 
Germantown. In 1717 he removed to Lancaster 
county, settling first in West Lampeter, but subse- 
quently in West Earl. His birth occurred in 1675, 
and his death between 1743 and 1748. The children 
born to the emigrant founder of the family were: 
Emanuel, born in 1702; Gabriel, born in 1704;, Sa- 
lome : Dr. Henry : Christian : Daniel : [Mary : and Ja- 
cob. During the war of the Revolution, Emanuel 
Carpenter was a member of the Committee of Safety. 

Gabriel Carpenter married Apalina Herman, 
who "was born in 1702, and died in 1767, and their 
children were : Christian. Salome, Jacob. Cath- 
erine, Susannah, Daniel. John, ^lary and Elizabeth. 

Christian Carpenter was born in 1729, and died 
in 1800. He married Susan Herr, and their chil- 
dren were : Jacob, who ix-came colonel of the 5th 
Battalion of the Lancaster countv militia, during the 
Revolutionary war : Joel ; Daniel : Catherine : Susan : 
John : Christian ; Salome ; and Xancy. 

Joel Carpenter, the second son of Chris- 
tian and Susan (Herr) Carpenter, was born m 
1758. He married }.Iargaret Defenderfer an I 
reared these children: Ephraim. ^diles. Giles. 
Aaron. Allen, Charles. Bryan, Elizabeth, Suian, So- 
phia, and Catherine. 

Giles Carpenter, the third son of Joel and of the 
fifth generatioii in America, married Jane }\IcCiin- 
tick, anrl they had these children : .-\manda, born 
Oct. 27, 1832, married Solomon \\'eaver, but is de- 
ceased : Margaret, born June 20, 1834, married 
Philip La>h, and they now reside in Michigan ; 
James T.. b jrn Jan. 18. 1837, is deceased; Martha, 
born Ian. t6. 1839. married Isaac Beard, and resides 
in : Belinda, horn Feb. 3, 1840, married 
Amos .'-\dlers. and thev reside in Lancaster county; 
Alvin. born Aug. 21, 184 1. married Ellen Foes, and 
they reside in Beavcrtown : Arabella, born March iG. 
1843, married Adam Good, a resident of Farmers- 
ville, but she has passed away; and Samuel L. is the 
subject of this biography. 

Samuel L. Carpenter was l)orn Oct. i. i8.;4, and 
verv earl}' became accustraned to the duties pertain- 
ing to farm life, at the age of eight years being b.ired 
out to a neighboring farmer by the name of John 
Oberholtzer. His duties were such as a lad of his 
age could perform, and he was paid $i-50 r>er month, 
these conf'itiniis continuing until he wa.s seventeen 
years old, the summers being tilled with farm work, 
and the winters with attendance at the diistrict 
schoiil. ,So well (hd Air. Carpenter embrace every 
opportunity for acquiring an education, that before 
•lie was eighteen he was employed to teach in the pub- 
lic schools of West Earl township, coiuinuine: until 
he entered the Construction Corps of the L'nited 
States army, where he remained for six months. As 
soon as he had become of age, he enlisted in the 21st 
P. V. C and with the Army of the Potomac bravely 
did a soldier's duty; he participated in the cam- 
paigns before Richmond and Petersburg, and at the 
close of the war received an honorable discharge. 

Returning then to his home, Mr. Carpenter again 
took up his professional work during the winters^ 
following tlic carpenter trade in the summer time, 
but in 1872 he opened up a btitchering business and 
pursued that until 1876. when he entered into hi9 
present line, that of hides and tallow. Possessing 
excellent business abilitv, !Mr. Carpenter has dealt 
successfullv in live stock for the past twenty years,, 
still continuing in this profitable line, with head- 
quarters at the "Leopard Hotel,"' in Lancaster. 

(^n Sept. 5. 1869. Air. Carpenter was married to 
Miss Mary McCloud, a daughter of Reuben and 
Susannah (Shirker) ^McCIoud, of West Earl tov.n- 
ship, and one child was born of this union. Stella J-. 
born March 8. 1871, who married Lemon Shirk, '"■r 
West Cocaiico townsh.ip. and has one son, Samuel 
Carpenter, the idol of his grandfather, born Dec. 13. 

INTr. Carpenter has never taken an}- great intor- 
i est in politic^, but was appointed census enumerator. 



in 1870. and was re-appointed in iSSo, but refused 
to qualify. For a number of years he has been town- 
cliip auditor and school director, and has always 
been interested in all matters pcrtaininc^ to the ad- 
vancement of his section. he began life in 
indisrent circumstances. r\[r. Carpenter is not dis- 
\-r.sed to consider that any disadvantag-e to an indus- 
trious, ambitious and energetic young man. As one 
of the wealthiest men of the township, he is in a posi- 
tion to speak with l<nowledge, and lie attributes his 
universal success in all his undertakings, to iiis close 
and constant attention to business and the exercise 
of good judgment. The township has in many ways 
Drofited by Jiis generositv, and he stands high in its 
esteem. Both Afr. Carpenter and wife are con- 
sistent members of the Xew ^.lennonite Church. 

CHRISTIAN B. STOLTZFUS is a descendant 
of a family long settled in America, his first ancestor 
in this country, Nicholas .Stoltzfus, coming in 1766 
from his native place, Zweibruecken, Germany, and 
settling near Reading, in Berks county. Pa. fiis 
V, ife had died in Germany, and lie brought with him 
his four children, one son. Christian (then aged 
eighteen \ears), and three daughters. He took up 
his home on a farm near Reading, and devoted his 
life to its cultivation. 

Christian Sloltxfus first married a woman named 
Carver, by whom he had th.ree children, John, Jacob 
and Christian, all of whom lived and died in the 
neighborhood., and were buried in tlie IVToyer grave- 
yard, excepting the mother, whose remains were in- 
terred near Reading. Christian Stoltzfus married 
for his second wife the widow Lanz, whose maiden 
name was King: slie had by her first husband two 
children, John and Samuel. To her marriage with 
Christian Stoltzfus were born : Abraham, David, 
Solomon, Catherine, Elizabeth, Anna, Barbara, Es- 
ther and Magdalina, all of whom were buried in the 
Mill Creek burying-ground. After his second mar- 
riage Christian Stoltzfus came into Lancaster coun- 
ty, and settled near Rissler's ^lill, where he ovimed 
large tracts of land, and was a life-long farmer. He 
was one of the first Amish ministers to settle in that 
part of the State, bccomiug one of the bishops of that 
church, and lived to attain a great age. 

Christian Stoltzfus, noted above, was born in 
Berks county, and wlien but a young lad came with 
his parents into Lancaster county, wliere lie lived all 
his days. He followed farmincT, and proved himself 
a most industrious and upright man, and was well 
known, especiallv in the Amish Church, of which he 
^vas a zealous and devout member. Air. Stoltzfus 
married .Anna Blank, by whom he had a family of 
diree sons and six daughters, Samuel, Christian, 
John. Catherine, Rebecca, Anna, Barbara, Elizabeth 
and Susanna. 

Samuel .Stoltzfus. the father of Christian E., 
whose name introchices this article, was born in 
^^12. and was a lifelong farmer, locating on a ninety- 
3cre farm in Earl township, about a half mile north 

I of Xew Holland, where iie lived for many years. 

I Later in life he bought another farm of eighty-five 

! acres, half a mile west of the old place, where he 

1 spent the rest of his life, dying April 25, 1S83. He 

I was a devout member of the Amish Church. 

I Mr. Stoltzfus married itiss Elizabeth Biler, a 

! daughter of David Bilcr. whose home was near 

j Rauck's Station, in East Lampeter township. .She 

j died in 1S60. at the age of forty-five }ears. six 

i months, twenty-three days. They had the' following 

I children : Benjamin, a retired farmer, whose home 

I is in Berks courtty; David, deceased: Anna, de- 

j ceased, who married David L'mble : Jacob, a 

I farmer in East Earl township : Samuel, deceased : 

Christian E. ; Simeon, deceased ; and Susaniwli and 

Rebecca, both unmarrietl. who make their home with 

their brother Christian E.. on the farm about a halt 

mile north of Xew Holland. 

Christian B. Stoltzfus was born Dec, 24, 1843, 
and was reared on the farm where he was born, in 
Earl township, receiving his education in the com- 
I mon schools. For the last thirty years he has been 
farminc; for himself, and now owns one of the fine 
i farms of the count}-. It comprises seventy-five, acres, 
I on which he has erected a good farm resiilonce, and 
I also a commodious frame barn. IMany other valu- 
I able improvements have been eftected by him. and 
I every foot of ground indicates active and intense 
I farming. ^W. Stoltzfus is a broad-minded and pro- 
gressive tnan. and is ever readv to lend a liclping 
hand to anything that looks to the public gootl. lie 
beloiicrs to the Amish Church. 

AAROX H. SHAXK. a general farmer in We;t 
Donegal townshi]). was born in the township in 
which he is living, June 7, 1844. and is a son of ?>Ii- 
chael and Catherine (Heisev) Shank, both natives 
and lifelong residents of West Donegal township. 
The father was a fanner and veterinarv surgeon of 
high standing. For many years he was school di- 
rector. He died Jan. 18, 1S70, at the age of seventy- 
one years and the mother died in Feb.. 1893. at the " 
age of ninety-one years. Their remains are resting 
in a private burying ground on their old homestead. 
They were members of the 2^Icnnonite Church, and 
had the lollowing children : Susan, who died in 
infancy: Hilary and Henry, deceased; Catherine, 
who died single, at the age of sixty years ; Elizabeth, 
deceased, who married Afartin Winters: Anna, the 
wife of Dayiti H. Meyers, a farmer in \\'est Donegal 
township; Jonathan, who died young: Rachel, who 
died unmarried, at the age of fifty-six years : Jacob, 
a farmer in West Donegal township : Aaron H., 
whose name appears above: Samuel, who died at the 
age of thirtv years, and John, who died young. 

Jacob Siiank. the paternal grandfather of Aaron 
H., spent his life in Lancaster county. Henry and 
Susan f I'erk) Heisey. tiie parents of Airs. Catherine 
Shank, were natives of Lancaster county. 

Aaron Shank and Alarv .\. Barnhart were mar- 
ried Aug. TT, 1S67. in Elizabethtown, and became 



tl'.c parents of the iollowinq;' chiklrcn : SaniueL who 
lives in Florin, Pa., marricrl Sadie Shires, and is il:e 
fatlicr of tiirce children, Lizzie f deceased). Mary 
and Ruth. Katie is the widow of G. 
Xisslev, and makes her home with her parents, 
bringiiij^ back with her two cliildren, Paul (now 
dead) and Clarence : Irvin and Phares, both at hume. 

i\Irs. ]\rary A. Shank was born in West Donegal 
township, and is a daughter of Samuel and Eliza- 
beth (Eshleman) Banihart, both born in ^\ est Don- 
egal township. I-!cr fatiicr, who was born Oct. 27. 
1821, retired from farming shortly after the death of 
his wife, who died April 13, 1S9O: and was buried in 
!Mt. Tunnel cemetery. They were both members of 
the Mennonite Church, and had the following chil- 
dren: Lizzie, who died in infancy; ^.Irs. ^lary A. 
Shank; Lovina. who married Cyrus SchroU, a resi- 
dent of East Donegal township : Uriah, deceased, 
and Louisa, who married William Geibe, and lives 
in Daupliin county, where he is engaged in farming. 

The paternal grandparent.s of Airs. Shank were 
John and Susan (Sherbone) Earnhart, both natives 
of Lancaster county. Her maternal grandparents 
were Ivlichael and Polly (Fless) Eshleman, of Lan- 
caster county. 

Aaron H. Shank remained at home until he 
reached the age of twentv-one years, when he bought 
a farm in Mt, Joy township. On that place he made 
"his home until 1896, wlien he came to his present 
location. His hard working habits and strict integ- 
rity, togethei- with his genial disposition and kindly 
nature have won him the respect and confidence of 
the public to a marked degree. For two years he 
served as supervisor, and liis judgment on public 
affairs is regarded as worthy of close attention. Mr. 
and J\lrs. Shank are members of the Mennonite 
Church ; in politics, he is a Republican. 

WILLIAM H. WEXTZ, one of the leading and 
representative citizens of ]\Iartic township, was born 
there March 16, 1844, son of William G. and Han- 
nah (Penny) W^entz, of Lancaster county. 

William G. \^'entz, the father, was born in 1S12, 
and died in 1871. He was a son of Joseph Wentz, 
of German origin, who had these children: John, 
Isaac, William, David. Thomas, Joseph, }vlati;da, 
Sarah, Susan and Maria, all deceased except 
Thomas and Maria. William G. Wentz married 
Hannah i\I. Penny, in 1836. and they had a family 
of six children, three of whom grew to maturity, 
namely: ]\[ary M., the widow of Elias Aument, of 
Greene, Pa.; Isaac J., of Harrisburg: William, of 
this sketch. A\'illiam G. Wentz was one of the lead- 
ing citizens of his township and very acceptably 
filled a nimiber of the local offices. 

William H. Wentz of this sketch was reared to 
farming life, and attended the public schools. He 
has always taken a great interest in agricultural 
ters and is justly regarded as one of the best farmers 
of this locality. In politics he is a sound Repub- 
lican. In IQOO he was made census enumerator, ful- 

nlling his duties to the satisfaction of all concerned. 
For eighteen }ears lie lias served as sch'X)! director, 
I'.olding th.c office of secretarv the whole time, and 
lias been interested in all legislation looking to the 
advancement of education. 

On Sept. 12. 1872, i!r. Wentz v/as married to 
?\liss Louisa A. Yost, born in 1851. daughter of 
Charles K. Yost and sister of Dr. John F. Yost, of 
Bethcsda, Pa. (An extended mention of the Yost 
family will be found in anotlier part of this volume). 
To this marriage were born three children, namely: 
, Waiter G., who died in childhood ; Charles Elvin, 
born Oct. 14, 1S76, residing in Martic township, un- 
married, and Leila E., at home. 
• Air. Wentz and familv belong to the Alethodist 
'■ Church in Pethesda. in which he is both trustee and 
, steward. Fraternally he is connected with the 
Knicrhts of I-'ythias at Rawlinsville, and the Knights 
of the Mystic Chain, at Alt. Xebo. He is knov.-n 
in his neighborhood for his integrity and upright- 
' ness of character, and his personal qualities make 
! him esteemed as a neighbor, friend, husband and 
j father. 

I PHILIP LEHZELTER. Among the promi- 
j nent men of Lancaster who have materially assisted 
I in its growth as an industrial center is Philip Leb- 
! zelter, proprietor of the Eagle Wheel li Bending 
! Works of that city, and who, although he has 
I reached the age of seventy-three years, is still quite 
I capable of taking active interest in the business 
i which he founded in 1856. 

j Air. Lebzelter was born March 9, 1829, in Xeu- 
! lantern, Wurtemberg. Germany, son of John and 
I Catherine (Roeser) Lebzelter, both of whom were 
I natives of Germany, where their whole lives were 
I .spent. John Lebzelter was a man of prominence in 
i his native comir.unity, and for twenty-four years 
i was the burgomaster of the village. Ey trade he 
! was a woodturner. His death occurred in 1864, 
i at the age of eighty-four years, and that of his wife 
I in 1854, at the age of fifty-eight years. Both were 
i members of the Lutheran Church. Of their seven- 

■ teen children we have record of the follov,-ing : Kan- 
: nah, who is the v.-idow of Jacob Woerner, a farmer 

living near Trcmont, 111. ; Christian, who died in 
Germany; Elizabeth, deceased, Airs. Kline: Wil- 
helm, deceased, who was a skilled wood worker, and 
had a family of fourteen children; J. Philip, whose 
name opens this sketch ; Philopena, who married 
Albert Hoch, deceased, a prominent man in his na- 
tive town in Germany ; and Catherine, who married 
John Shlippf, a farmer in Germany. 

Philip Lebzelter served an apprenticeship with 
his father and thoroughly learncl the business of 
woodturning. On June 22, 1849, with his brother. 
Wilhclm. he left Antwerp, and after a vovage of 
thirty-eight days landed in X'ew York. They went 
to relatives in Pennsylvania, but iiot finding work 
there nor in the German settlement in Lehigli and 

■ Berks counties, Philip walked to Reading, Pa. 


There he found employment on the Miihlenburg 
farm, at $4 per month, but his faithful services were 
recognized, and he was paid at the rate of S5 a 
month. Goinc^ from there to Rcamstown, he \vas 
employed by John I^iiham in his woodturning shop 
for a short time. In the meantime his brother \\ ill- 
iam had been successful in the same line of work in 
Alleglieny, Pa., and had written Philip to join him, 
which he did, working in the same shop w here An- 
urew Carnegie was once the assistant engineer. 
This shop was owned by John Play, and when he 
died it was bought by William Lebzelter, the price 
being $1,400. The business prospered during his 
life, and after William's deatb his widow attempted 
to carry it on, but owing to other duties she could 
not give it necessary attention, and to relieve her 
Philip Lebzelter bought it. He soon found that his 
business interests in Lancaster would sutler, and 
he was obliged to dispose of it. 

IMr. Lebzelter came to Lancaster, and first se- 
cured work in the woodturning shop of Uowers &, where he continued for one and one- 
half years, and in 1854 began his present business, 
purchasing a lot on South Queen street, opposite 
the "Columbia Garden Plotel," and erecting a sm.all 
shop. Prosperity smiled on him, and a year later 
he leased of James Potts the jiresent site of the busi- 
ness house of Philip Lebzelter & Son. When 
his leased expired, at the end of three years, an- 
other firm secured the site, and Mr. Lebzelter re- 
turned to his South Queen street factory. In 1862 
he purchased the present site, and has been there 
ever since. His business was started witli limited 
means, and in a modest way, but its founder was 
a skilled worker as well as an excellent business 
man, and with each year of its existence, under his 
judicious management, it expanded, until now it is 
one of the leading industrial plants of the city, 
from a shop force of two men, in 1865, Mr. Leb- 
zeiter gradually required more help, even with the 
introduction of much labor-saving machinery, and 
now thirty-eight men are employed, and the out- 
put of manufactured goods includes second-growth 
hickory bent rims, sliafts, poles, spokes, wheels, 
bows, reaches, banded hubs, a specialty being made 
of fine-grade wheels. The plant is located at No. 
241 North Queen street, Lancaster. It is worthy 
of note that the first labor-saving machinery used of the founder's ov/n invention. The strict busi- 
ness methods and upright manner of dealing with 
the public that have marked this business from the 
beginning, and have contributed to its rapid growth 
and development, are continued under the active 
management of William F. Lebzelter, the most 
efficient and capable son of Philip Lebzelter, who 
since 1901 has been the manager of the works. 

On April 2, 1S54, in Lancaster, Mr. Lebzelter 
married Elizabeth Heleine, who was born in Lan- 
caster in 1S34, daughter of Philip and IVIary 
Heleine, both of whom were natives of Alsace, 
i ranee. Mr. Heleine was a stockins: weaver by 

trade, and carried on that business in Lancas- 
ter, and when he retired from activity he moved 
to Reading, where his last years were spent. 
The children born to Air. and j\irs- Lebzelter were : 
Katie, Frank and Emma all died young. William, 
born Nov. 11, 1866, is now the manager of his fa- 
ther's large plant; in 1890 he married, in Little 
Palls. N. }., 2vliss Emma V". Hoff, by v.hom he has 
two children. Florence B. and Mariati K. Charles, 
born Jan. 12, 1S69, was killed while coasting in 
Reading, Pa., and buried on his twelfth birthday. 

In politics Air. Lebzelter is a stanch member of 
the Republican party, but with the exception of six 
years of service in the city council he has never ac- 
cepted ottice, although his peculiar fitness for posi- 
tions of trust and responsibility has long been recog- 
nized. Alany very flattering offers have been made 
' him, to induce him to connect himself with various 
i financial institutions, but he has confined himself 
'< in a general wav to his industrial plane and to real- 
' estate transactions. Pie is a large property owner 
in various parts of the city of Lancaster, among 
\ his valuable holdings being the "Bridgeport Hotel," 
. in East End Park, the "Schiller Plotel," in Lancas- 
! ter, and the "American House," the latter being re- 
garded as one of the two leading iiotels in the city, 
1 a m.ost desirable and remunerative property. 
i From childhood Mr. Lebzelter has been a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Cluircii, and he is a libera! 
I supporter of ail its charitable and benevolent enter- 
I prises. He is well and favorably known in the city. 
! Plis English education was obtained by attending 
: night school, Hon. J. B. Livingston, then a young 
; lawyer and now president judge, being his teacher. 
■ A thorougli business man, an excellent financier, 
scrupulously honest at all times, ambitious and en- 
' ergctic all his life, Mr. Leozelter has accumulated 
i large means through his own industry, and Nvhile 
i so doing has won and retained the esteem of his 
\ fellow-citizens. 

I JAMES W. FILLER, a well-known conductor 
i on the Pennsvlvania railroad, now residing in Co- 
lumbia, was born in Marietta, Lancaster Co., Pa., 
I April 27, 1843, and is a son of John K. and Rosina 
i AI. (Trainer) Fitler, the former a native of Fitter's 
j Green (now Neffsviile), and the latter of Columbia,'^ 
i both in Lancaster county. The family naine was 
i originally Fidler. but was changed by a school- 
i teacher, named Rankin, two generations back. The 
I grandfather of James W., Leonard Fidler, founded 
Fidler's Green in 1S07, a village in which he built 
j two hotels, 

j John K. Fitler w-as a carpenter, was a brewer for 
Scheide in Alarietta and for thirty years was a boat- 
i man ; he was a man of mark in Alarietta, where he 
j served as chief burgess and councilman and filled 
various other offices. Tliere his wife expired June 
17, 1876, when fifty-six years old and there his own 
demise took place, June 19, 1S90. at the age of 
eighty ; their remains were interred in St. Alary's 



cemetery at Columbia. To the marriacre of these 
parents were born the following named children: 
William, who died in infancy; James ^\^ ; A'lna, 
who also died in infancy : Alary J., who is married 
to J. H. Hagemer, a contractor in Alarietta : John 
H., also livins;^ in retirement in the same town ; Ed- 
ward P., a molder, in York ; Frank B.. a printer, in 
Philadelphia : Susan and Thomas, deceased. 

Leonard Fidler, father of John K. Fitler, born on 
the old homestead of 360 acres in Rapho township, 
Lancaster county, was a butcher and carpenter. He 
married Barbara Kaufman, to wliich union v;ere 
born : Nancy, wdio was married to John Kaufman ; 
Elizabeth, who died unmarried; Martlia, married to 
Amos Kapp. and John K. The father of tins family 
died in 1S57 at the ag'e of^ht years and the 
mother in 1859, aged seventy-seven. 

Leonard Fidler. the father of the Leonard men- 
tioned above, was a native of Womelsdorf, Berks 
county, settled in Lancaster county, and followed 
farming until the end of life. 

The maternal grand] larents of James W. Fitler, 
Patrick and Rosina (Trainer) Trainer, were re- 
spectively born in Countv Tyrone and Countv Done- 
gal, Ireland, came to America when children and 
were married in Wilmington, Del. Patrick Trainer 
was a contractor, and died in 1S18, aged rhirty-two 
years : his wife died in 1857, when sixty-six years 
old. Their children were named Susan, who was 
married to Peter Baker; Margaret, of Marietta. Pa. ; 
Rosina M.; Ann, of Philadelphia, and Edward, de- 

Jarnes W. Fitler began ranal-boating at Alari- 
etta when but twelve years old and followed the call- 
ing until i860 : he next clerked for the Philadelphia 
ami F.rie Railroad Company three years; was next 
a brakeman for three months, then a flagman for 
nine mionths. and in 1872 came to Columbia ; here he 
worked as a brakeman two weeks, as a flagman 
eighteen months, and was then promoted to his pres- 
ent position of conductor. 

November 20, 187.^, IMr. Fitler married Miss 
Mary A. Peoples, at Lancaster, and to this union 
have been born six children, viz: Marguerite, Rose 
M., James (k-illed by the electric cars in 1S93), Mary 
R., Bernardine and Isabella. I\Irs. ilary A. (Peo- 
ples') Fitler was born in Comity Donegal, Ireland, 
March 22. 1S48, and is a daughter of James and Ce- 
celia (Kennedy") Peoples, who came to Amierica in 
1S48 and settled in Lancaster. Pa. James Peoples 
was a blacksmith and horseshoer, rose to prominence 
in Lancaster, was for many years a member of the 
select council, and died Dec. 9, 18S0, at the age of 
sixty-five years ; his wife died April 19. 1866, when 
but thirty-nine 3-ears old. the remains of both being 
interred in St. Mary's (Catholic) cemetery in Lan- 
caster. To Tames and Cecelia Peoples were born the 
following children: Alary A. (Airs. Fitler) ; Mar- 
garet C, deceased : James F., a ma.clunist at Alle- 
gheny City. Pa. ; Hugh, deceased ; John H., a prin- 
ter in Reading, Pa. ; William, a plumber of Newark, 

N. J., d.eceased ;, a farmer and black>nv.;'i 
in Che-^ter count}'. Pa. , Charles, who died in Denvur 
Colo., in 1894, and Katie, who died young. The p,-^.- 
teriial grandfather of this family was a native r: 
Scotlaiid, whence he migrated to Ireland. 

Jatncs W. Fitler is a sincere Catholic an'l a lib- 
eral contributi'.>r to the support of his church ; in pol- 
itics he is a sound Democrat. 

JACOB S. AlUAlAFA. Prom.inently identifie-i 
with the growth and development of the industrial 
and farming" int*rests of East Donegal township, 
w^hich has been his home all his life, is Jacob S, 
Alumma, one of the most substantial citizens of this 

Air. Alumma was born on his present farr.i, 
Alarch 14. 1846, a son of Jonas and Catheri;ie 
(Sherk) Alumma, the former a native of East Don- 
egal, and the latter of Chestnut Hill, West Hemp- 
field township, but both died on the farm nov,- oc- 
cupied Ijy Jacob S. The father lived to the ace 0: 
eighty-two, d\ing Alay 2, 18S2, and the mother 
reached the same age. her death occurring Feb. 2, 
1892, and both parents were buried in the Kraybill 
cemetery, in this townsliiyi. They were most worthy 
members of the Alennonite Church, and had a family 
of three chiMrcn : Jacob- S. ; Jonas, who married 
Ellen R. Ni-sley, died at the age of twenty-eight; 
and Catlicriiie died young. 

The paternal grear-2.-randfatlier was Frederick 
Alumma, wh.o was l.iorn in Switzerland and was a 
pioneer in Lanca-^ter cMuity. The grandfather was 
Jacob Alumma. wlio married Anna Kraybill. both 
of whom died on this farm, whicli has been in the 
possession 'if the family so manv years. The ir.a'cer- 
nal grand, father was Christian Sherk, whicli name 
was originally written. Sherrick, 

Jacob S, Alumma has resided on this fine farm 
.all his life, and every association of youth is con- 
nected in some way with these broad acres. Gen- 
eral farming and some slockraising has been suc- 
cessfully nursued, and since 1890. a very proritabie 
dairy business has also been operated here. This 
estate comprises 207 acres of some of the most fer- 
tile land in Lancaster county. Although an intelli- 
gent and progressive agriculturist finds a suft'icient 
amoimt of Labor connected wdth farming on an ex- 
tensive scale, the drudgery and isolation which -vas. 
in times past, a necessary part of the life of a hus- 
bandman, have been changed, as the country has de- 
veloped and machinery has been made to save time 
i and labor, and now there is no more ideal life tiian 
I that of the prosperous farmer. Air. Alumma has 
I taken advantage of modern methods and his farm is 
! a very valuable, well-cultivated and desirable piece 
t of property. 

I Tacob S. Alumma was married in Eliz.abethtown, 

I Oct'. 2T, t866. to Rebecca Nissley. and tlie chiMrcn 
i born of this nn-on wore: Anna, who married Harry 
! S. Rich, ca.shier of the First Bank, of Alari- 
' etta. Pa., and died Oct. 24. 1901 ; Christian, who con- 


.liict.' a meat business in Mt. Joy; Katlicrine, who 
iv.arried George U. Best, of Lancaster: ^linerva. , 
vlio is a nurse in the University Hospital, in Phila- j 
<lolphia; Jacob X., a steam titter, in Pliiladelphia ; | 
■;iizabeth. at home ; Helen, who died in infancy ; John j 
M. and Harry J., at homo. 

Kebecca (Xissley) Mumma was born in Mount \ 
T.-.V township Nov. 30, 1.S4S, dauq;hter of Hon. Jacob 
;:nd Elizabeth (Krayi)illj Xissley, the former of 
v.hom died in Mount Joy township March 8. 1S61, 
at the age of fifty-four. Until 1S46, he lived the life 
of a farmer, but at that time was elected to the Lesris- 
lattire. and durine the remainder of his life was 
occupied in the settling' of estates, etc. The mother 
of ^Irs. Mumma died in 1S93, at the age of eiglity- 
one. and was laid away in the Kraybill cemetery. 

The children horn to j\[r. and Airs. Xissley were : 
Tacob K., a retired farmer of Florin. Pa. : Martha, 
who married Elias Eby, a retired farmer of East 
Done2:ai township ; Barbara, who married Jonas 
Hostetter, of Florin. Pa.; Catherine, vvlio married 
Michael H. Engle, a merchant of Elizabctlitou-n ; 
Elizabeth, who married David Rutt, a retired farmer 
of Sterling, 111. ; Anna E., -who married Jacol) E. 
Good, of West Donegal townsiiip ; Rebecca: and 
Simon K.. who conducts a restaurant in Lancaster. 

For the past ten }'ears, Mr. Miimma has testi- 
fied to his interest in the public schools, by acting as 
school director, and he has been very earnest in the 
discharge of his duties. Socialiv lie is connected 
with the Masonic order, being a member of the Eiue 
Lodge, and in politics, he is an active Republican. 
Mrs. ^lumma is liighly valued in tb.e Mcnnonitc 
Church, where she has li)ng been recognized as a con- 
sistent member. The familv is one of the leaditig 
ones in the township, and enjoys the esteem of all in 
this locality. 

homestead is a well-known farm in East Lampeter 
township, ami its present owner and occupant, Ben- 
jamin K. Denlinger, is a worthy representative of an 
honorable family, which for many years has given 
to Lancaster county some of its best citizens. 

Benjamin K. Denlinger was i'.orn on this farm, 
located but three miles east of the uoiirishing citv of 
Lancaster. Jan. 20, 1S46. a sen of Benjamin and .An- 
nie fKreidcr) Denlinger. Grandfather .Abraham 
Denlinger inherited, bv title, from his father, sev- 
cr.ty-two acres of the fertile soil of East Lampeter 
township, and the title has since been handed down 
by will. The birth of Abraham L'en linger reaches 
back to July 21, 17S5, his life covering the interven- 
ing years until ]NLarcli 6, 1836. He married Annie 
Landis, and their children were: (i) ]\Iartin, born 
on .\pril 30. tSt2. who married Barbara Johns, and 
died Feb. 5. 1879. the father of three children: a 
daughter who married Rev. John Landis, a minister 
of the Mennonite Church ; Abraham, who died April 
25, 1S50, aged sixteen years, three months and 
twenty- seven days ; and IMartin, Jr., who married 

Anna Groff, and died at the age of thirty-nine 
years, ten months and one day, leaving widow 
with ten children, the youngest six weeks old. These 
cliildren were: Emma, who married Samuel Herr ; 
Barbara, wdio married John Denlinger ; Lizzie, un- 
married; Anna, wife of John ; Elam, 
who married a 31is3 Burkholder; David, a teacher 
for a number of years ; Martin : Salinda, wife of 
Jason Ranck: Abraham, a teacher; and Ida, wife of 
Reuben Buchwaker. One child, Mary, v/ho died 
aced seven years, nine months and twenty-six davs, 
preceded the father to the grave. (2) Benjamin, 
born Aug. 6, 1S14. died Aug. 27, 18S8. (3) Mary, 
born X'ov. 26, iPoS. became the wife of Jolm Krci'.Ier, 
and died June ij.. 1863. ■ (4) Barbara, bf .rn Feb. 
4. 1824, Ijccame tb.e wife of Daniel Kreider, and 
died Sept. 8. 18.^4. aged nineteen years, seven months 
and three da\s. (5) Elizabeth, a twin sister to Marv. 
married Tobias Leaman, and died at the age of 
seventy-seven years, four months and twenty-six 

The homestead was the abiding place of Ben- 
jamin Denlinger and v.-ife, all their lives, and here 
tliey reared a large family of children, teaching them 
good principles and giving them wise, Christian 
counsel, and surrounding them with pious inllucnccs. 
These children were: 3dartin and John, both of 
Vvhom arc mutes : Abraham, wdio first married Annie 
Bucinvalter, a daughter of Rev. David Bucliwaiter, 
and sccoikI. Kettit Landis. a daughter of Bcniamin 
Landis: .Annie, deceased, married David L. Bucli- 
v,-aiter. a son of Deacon AHcbacl Buchwa'ter": Ben- 
jamin K.. of this sketch: Tobias K., who married 
Martha B.rnbakcr. a daughter of Deacon John Eru- 
bakcr; Daniel K.. who married Hettie Her.shev, a 
daughter of Jacob S. Hcrshey : Esther K., w ho mar- 
ried John Afusser : Alary K. and Elizabeth K.. twins, 
the former of whom is the widow of Henry E. Aletz- 
ler. a son of .\bram Aletzler. and the latter, the w-ife 
of Cliristian M. Brackbiil. a minister in the Mennon- 
ite Church : Barbara K., who married John H. 2,IeI- 
liiigcr. a son of Jacob Mellinger ; Lydia K., a mute, 
who married Daniel Rohrer, also a mute : Catherine 
K.. a mute, who married Henry Kulp, also a mure. 
Beniamin K. Denlinger received but few educa- 
tional advantages. His entire life has been devoted 
to farming, in which be has taken much eniovir.eiU, 
and under his ownership the old homcsread improves 
every year. The location of this farm is most de- 
sirable, the old Philadelphia pike road running 
through the land. L'ntil 1893 the familv resided in 
the old house, but m that year. Mr. Denlinger erccti.'d 
his present most comfortable brick residence, and one 
year later completed the barn and other buildings 
needed in the management of a large estate. >."ot 
only is Mr. Denlinger a superior farmer, but he is 
also a floriculturist, and has buik two commodious 
grecnliouses, 21x60 and 23x100 feet, fitted with all 
conveniences, where he gives much time and atten- 
tion to flowers of all kinds, succeeding well ir. tlicir 


In iS6? Mr. Deniinger was nnittd in rr-irriagt: to 
^.laria \\>neer, a daughter of Joseph W'cnger, the 
death of the latter occurring: when his daughter was 
but riiteen years of atre. Five years later, .drs. Den- 
liiiger was bereft of her mother, also. To .Mr. and 
J\Jrs. Dcnlinger were born: Annie; Benjamin W., 
who n-iarried Lydia Lefevcr, a daughter of Daniel 
Lefcver, and operates his father's farm ; Mary Vv'., 
who died at the age of four years, six months and 
twenty-four daxs ; Abraham W., who married Ber- 
tha Hilary Leaman, a daughter of Amos Leaman; 
John W., who was always an invalid, and who died 
at the age of seventeen years, six months and 
twenty-four days ; Harry W. ; Alarrin ^^'. : Joseph 
W. ; and Katie \V. 

2\1t. and i\Irs. Denlinger are leading members 
of the Old Mennonite Church, in wh.ich faith they 
have carefully reared tiieir family. Mr. Denlinger 
has been a generous contributor, and when the 2\iel- 
linger Church was built ^vas an active mem.ber of 
the building conimittce. His interest in its progress 
and extension of influence is great, and he has the 
charge of the grounds and cemetery. The family 
is one which enjoys the respect of the community, 
and all are known as most estimable, f.priglit \n;"\ ..■. 

the late Everhardt Lamparter, and sister of Mrs. 
Eugene Bauer (both of v/hom. are fully nientioned 
elsewhere), makes her homo with her brother, 
Everhardt, the well known glue manufacturer of 
Rockland street. Miss Lamparter. though keeping 
house for her brothxr, is the owner of a very fine 
home in the Third w'ard of Lancaster. She was edu- 
cated in the schools of Paradise township and Lan- 
caster city, and is a lady of more than ordinary in- 
telligence and of most kindly nature. She is a 
member of Trinity Lutheran Church, and is never 
so happy as when she is brightening the lives of 
those less fortunate than h.crself. 

JOPIN H. WEAVER. The family of Mr. 
Weaver, who is widely known and tmiversally es- 
teemed as one of the most successful fanners in 
East Lampeter township, has achieved no little dis- 
tinction in botii church and secular affairs. For 
three generations its members have borne the repu- 
tation of skillful agriculturists, good citizens and 
devout members of the Reformed ■Mennonite 
Church, to whose ministry they have contributed 
two preachers of note. 

John H. Weaver is a grandson of John, who 
was the father of three sons and one daughter, all 
deceased. The daughter, Nancy, married Conrad 
Sitzman. The sons were nam.ed John, David and 
Henry. John and Henry belonged to the clergy of 
the Reformer! Mennonite denomination. Henry, 
the father of John H. Weaver, was a farmer, as 
had been his father. Pie was noted for his earnest 
Christian character, his piety having that vitality 
which actuatcvl and controlled oil his dealings with 

his fellow men. He married Anna Ho-.vrv, v-;-.,j 
bore him four cliildren. He passed awav in Se- - 
tember, i8gS, and sleeps in the quiet. grave ■■;..-! 
which lies near the old Longcnecker meJ:::-..- 
house. John H. was the eldest cliiid; the'; 
were Plenry, Anna and Levi, the last named a j.!*.--.- 
nonite minister, who married Ella Fraley, and l:v.: 
in Strasburg- towmsiiip. 

John H. Weaver was born Oct. i, 1S4:;. He ;:> 
hcrits from his ancestors a love for tlic soil a.-. '. 
trom them has also descended to him. an earr.^,-; 
faith, which is attested by his work. His life h;,i 
been the quiet, uneventful one of a prosoero-.:: 
fanner, void of any a.mbition other thin to Der- 
form well each duty of life as it presented itsel'f :- 
his m.ind and hand. His marriage to France;, 
daughter of .Martin Weaver, which occurred in 
1872,. has been blessed by the birth of three chil- 
dren, Elmer, Charles and Cora. 

Elmer Weaver, the eldest son, is one of the 
most extensive and successful horticulturists in 
Lancaster county. His greenhouses with the ccr.- 
tiguous land, wliere arc situated the other appune- 
nances of his plant, cover 33,508 square feet, a.ii 
the amount of glass used in covering them exceei-: 
37,000 square feet. His chief markets are Phila- 
delphia and Pittsburg, to both of which points he 
is a large shipper. His specialty is carr.anons, al- 
though he also sends to market large quantities of 
violets, mignonette, smilax, asters and sweet pe^s. 
On May 3, 1899. ''e was married to Miss Alice 
Kchr, a daughter of Jacob Kohr, of Manheim town- 
ship. In that sam.e year he built, from plans con- 
ceived and drawn by himself, a handsomiC residence. 
replete with all th.e conveniences known to ci:v 
homes, and there he now lives. 

_ SAIMUEL XISSLY. Prominently identined 
with tlic financial interests of Lancaster countv is 
Samuel Nissly, piresident of the Lincoln National 
Bank, at Lincoln, Pa., and also a director and stock- 
holder in the Lancaster Bank, and the Lititz N;- 
i tional Bank, at Lititz, Pa. For more than si.xry }-ear; 
] he has been before th.e public and stands as a word'.y 
I example of uprightness of life and careful and con- 
i scientious work. ^ 

i Samt'.el Nissly comes of Swiss stock, the f.r;: 
j emigrant of the name coming to the State of \'ir- 
I ginia about 1720, and from there came Grandfati-r 
i Martin Nissly, who located in Lancaster county. 
i Martiit Nissly was born in 1759, and died in IS--, 
leaving two children : Henry and Catherine. 

Henry Nissly married Catherine 2>Iartin about 
I 1S05, and reared a family of nine children: Peter. 
! INJartin, Henry, S.amuel, John, Isaac, Eiizabeti". 
1 (.'atherine and Annie, the three daughters iivi"£r ■-^:' 
\ the old home place in Clay township, wliile th-: 
brothers all, except Samuel, have passed away. 

Samuel Nissly was born May 29, 1815. and I'.ke 
many another who has coiTiC to the front in other 
walks of life, he was reared on a farm, akltough h:-> 




ii'ciiiialions did not hi\n to select an acricul- 
uirai life as a profe~,-;ion. At the a;^e of cicrlitcen he 
went to Lititz to learn the trade of cabinetmaker, 
returning" three years later to Clay township, where 
for a few years he pnrsuetl this avocation, iieing of 
a mathematical lurn of mind, he then took up sur- 
\cying and conveyancing, under instructions from 
i;ii uncle, Peter Martin, and followed that line for 
.-ir.nie sixty years. 

In 1850 ilr. Nissly was elected to the office of 
•I'.itice of the peace, and so ellicicntiy has he served 
;!;at he has been retained continuously ever since, 
liis present term iiot expiring until 1905, a most un- 
usual term of service. Tn 1844 he was one of the or- 
ganizers of the Northern i\Iutiial Life Insurance Co., 
and for the following lifty-six years served it in the 
capacities of director, secretary/, treasurer and presi- 
dent, lately resigning the last nam.ed position. Air. 
Xissly was also interested m other financial organi- 
zations, and is at present president of the Lincoln 
National liank, an otfice he has held since its organi- 
zDtion in 18S4. He was one of the org.anizers of the 
Eplirata National E.ank, and is also a director and 
stockholder in both the Lancaster Bank and the 
Lititz National Bank, i^.lr. Nissly possesses consid- 
erable valuable property in this locality, four fine 
farms and other real estate, and he resides somew"hat 
retired at his home in Clay township, three-quarters 
cf a mile from Lincoln, Pa., just. across the line in 
Clay township from Ephrata township. 

In politics Samuel Nissly is an ardent Republi- 
can, and cast his first vote for William Henry Har- 
rison in 1840. Known far and wide for his honesty 
and his adherence to his convictions of right, no 
citizen of Lancaster county stands higher in the 
esteem of the public. 

PHARES S. MOORE. Eminently fitted by in- 
herited talent and by a liberal education for impor- 
tant business responsibilities. Plinres S. ^Moore, pro- 
prietor of the Keystone rolling mill in West Hemp- 
tield township, is one of the best known citizens of 
the western part of Lancaster county. He w-as born 
"n the farm which he now owns and occupies 
Xov. 19, 1862, son of ^■richacl H. and Barbara 
( Suoner) }vIoore. 

Michael H. Aloore, a prominent business man of 
Lancaster county for many years, was born at Junc- 
tion. Lancaster cotmty, in rSiS : he removed in 1854 
to the farm in West Hempnold township, now occu- 
P-ed by his son. In 1S62 he removed to Rohrers- 
town. and there operated an iron rolling mill for 
lour years. Returning to his West Llempfiekl town- 
ship residence, he there retnained until 1897, when 
he removed to Lancaster. Though now w^ell ad- 
vanced in life he still attends to his own extensive 
lusiness correspondence. Since 1S04 he has been 
P'ejident of the Chestnut Hill turnpike. He was 
■^ne of the organi/cers of the First National Bank of 
Lancaster, of which he is now a director. He is a 
•"Stockholder in the Concstoga Traction Co., and has 


otherlarge financial interests. In politics he is a Rc- 
imblican. and in religious faith a member of the old 
Mennonite church. Me was the oldest son of Mi- 
chael and Elizabeth (Hertzlerl Mcore. pioneer far- 
mers of Penn township, whose six children \\ere 
ilichael H. ; John, engaged in tlie milling business 
in Rapho township : George. wd:o died on the okl 
farm; Martin, who also died on the old farm; Eii.^a- 
beth, of Florin, widow of C. J. Hcaston ; and Har- 
riet, of Philadelphia. Michael H. >.Ioore married 
Barbara Stoner, daughter of Joseph H. and Bar- 
bara (Sprankle) Stoner, farmers of York countv. 
Pa. To ^ilichael H. and Barbara Muore w-ore boni 
three children; Ella S., wife of Dr. Jacob F. Trex- 
ler, of Huntington; Phares .S. ; and Alice B. 

Phares S. iloore was reared on the farm whicii 
he now occupies, and he Itas resided there contin.u- 
ously except while a student at school. He attended 
tlie district schools from the age of seven years until 
he was seventeen. Then for two years he was a siu- 
'jent at York Collegiate Institute, York, Pa. l-Ii-; 
education was completed by a term at the Eastman 
Ikisiness College, Poughkeepsie. N. Y. His busi- 
ness career began with a clerkship in tlie First Na- 
tional Bank of Lancaster, wdiere he remained three 
years, and there laid the foundation for a thorougii 
and practical business career, lieturning home l:e 
took charge of his father's milling business in West 
Hempheld township, continuing in tliat capacity un- 
til Nov. I, 1898, when he purchased the propcrf,- 
and has since successfully conducted the same. The 
mill on this site was first budt by Christian Hertzler 
in i8rr, and has been in the Moore possession fc^r 
more than forty years. It is operated by water from 
the Big Chickies creek, and is of forty horse power 

Mr . Aloore married, in Penn townihip, in 
?itarch, 1S05, Miss Emma S. Gross. She is a native 
of Penn township, and a daughter of Lew S. auii 
Elizabeth. I'Espenshay) Gross, farmers of Penn 
townsliip. To Phares S. and Emma S. Moore liave 
been born three children, IMichael G.. Serena G. and 
Levi G. In politics Mr. JNIoore is a Republican. 

MOSES SNAATLY, a retired miller, who is 
passing the last years of an industrious and higiilv 
useful life in an honorable retirement in Intercourse,. 
Lancaster county, was born in that village Feb. iS, 
1842, son of Joseph and Martha (Hershey) .Suavely. 

Joseph Suavely was born in Lebanon county, and 
the mother in Leacock township, Lancaster countv. 
The father was a farmer all his life, l)ut siiciit hi.i 
last fifteen years in retirement. They were married 
in 1825, and lived for a time in Clay towmship, but 
presentlv removed to their farm in Leacock town- 
ship, where the greater part of their mature lives 
was spent. He was born in t8oi. and died Aug. i, 
1871 : she was born in 1804, and died July 14. 1857. 
They were both members of the Mennonite C!u;rth. 
and their remains are resting in the cemeterv con- 
nected with the Hershev Cluirch. 



Joseph and }ifartha Sna\-cly were the of 
the following faiiuly : Elizabeth, who lives in In- 
tercourse, unmarried; John, who died in 1900, un- 
married ; Joseph, living retired in Wayne county, 
Ohio, who married hrst a. Miss Martin, and second, 
a ]\Iiss Tigert; Martha, deceased wife of Solomon 
Warner; Samuel, who married Anna Kv.ily, and is 
dead ; Henr}-, a retired farmer in Earl township, who 
has had' two wives, Elizabeth liershey and Fanny 
Alartin; Anna, married to Israel Eberly, a retired 
farmer of Stevens, Pa. ; Benjamin, who is unmarried 
and living with his sister at -Iiuercourse ; closes ; Ja- 
cob, who married .Malinda Rutter, and lives in 
Wayne county, Ohio; Ls'Jia, who died young; and 
Amos, a farmer in V\'a_\!!c county, Ohio, v.ho mar- 
ried a r^Iartin. 

The paternal grandparents of Closes Snavely 
were John and Elizabeth (Long) Snavely, who 
spent their married lives in Lebanon county. His 
father came from Germany. The maternal grand- 
parents of Air. Snavely were John and Anna 
(Hurst) Hershey, both of Dauphin countv, i'a. His 
father was born in Lancaster county. 

]\Ioses Snaveiy was married in Lea'cock tov.-n- 
ship to iliss Susanna Clark, and there were born to 
this luiion the following family : Hettie A., late 
wife of Phares Eby ; Jesse Miller, who married Ida 
Lantz, and lives in Paradise lovvnsiiip, wliere they 
have a family of three children, Elmer, R.tiph and 
Jesse ; Magdalena and Elizabetli, both of wliom died 
young: Susie, at home. .Mrs. Susanna (Clark) 
Snavely, born in Salisbury township, Alay 2. 1S46, is 
a daughter of Jesse and llettie (Shirk) Clark, of 
Lancaster county. Pier father was a farmer, but 
lived retired during the ten years prior to his death. 
which occurred in 1S93, at the age of eighty-one 
years. His wido\v survived imtil 1896, when she 
died at the age of eighty-one years. They were 
buried in Ashland county, Ohio, having removed to 
that section in 1S69. Both were members of the 
Mennonite Church. They were the parents of the 
follov.'ing family: Fatmy, wife of Amos Esben- 
shadc of Lancaster county, vrho moved to Ashland 
county, C)hio, in 1S66. and who had eighteen chil- 
dren; Martin, who married Jemima Pless, and is a 
life insurance agent in Ashland county, Ohio; 
Peter, a farmer in Salisbur_\- township, wb.o married 
Anna Brackbill ; Susanna, the wife of Moses 
Snavely ; Jesse, who died young ; John, who married 
in Ashland coimt}', Ohio, ami is a retired farmer ; 
Catherine A., who died young. 

Moses Snavely remained with his parents until 
he reached the age of twenty-four, when he began 
farming in Leacock township. Ten years later he 
purchased a mill in Paradise township, which he 
carried on for eighteen years, and then retired to a 
pleasant hoine in Intercourse, leaving the mil! in the 
hands of his son, v.ho has become a very popular 
miller. Mr. Snavely and his wife belong to the 
Mennonite Church, and he is a Republican. For 
the last three vears he has been a director of the Co- 

nestoga Xatii;nia! Bank at Lancaster, iiis business 
talents have lung been recognized, and lie is highly 
esteeu'.cd by all who know lum. 

HENRY F. PIOSTETTER, a resident of iJan- 
heim tov.-nship, belongs to one of the old and hon- 
ored families of Lancaster county, and vvas born 
on the farm where he is now residing, Nov. 28, loat, 
a son of Christian and Catherine (Franck) Hos- 
tetter. Plis father v.-as born in Donegal township 
in 1S05, and was there reared. A year after his 
marriage he purchased the farm on which his son, 
Henry F., is now residing. It comprises r.inetv- 
seven acres, and as long as the parents lived it was 
their home. It was about 1827 that tlie elder Hos- 
tetter bought it. and greatly improved it. in 18=2 
he erected the farm home, and there he lived untd 
his death in 1879. The son of Christian Hostctter, 
he was a man of much character and force, and with. 
his wife belonged to the Old '^Icnnonite Churcli. 

Catherine (Franck) Hostctter was born Sept. 
2, 1S07, and died in December, 1SS6. She was the 
daughter of Deacon John and Maria (Bowman) 
Franck. Christian and Catherine Hostetter had a 
family of ten children: JMaria, late wife of Jacob 
Ofaerholtzer : r^Iichael. a resident of Manheim bor- 
ough, a retired farmer; John, a carpenter in Lan- 
caster ; Christian, a retired farmer of Donegal town- 
ship ; Catlierine, the v.-idov.- of Isaac L. Stotier. of 
Peim township ; Henry F. ; Benjamin, wdio died at 
the age of seventeen years : Anna, tlie wife of To- 
seph G. Gachenhauer, of East Kempfield township; 
David F., a farmer in ^vlanheim township ; one who 
died in infancy. 

Henry F. Hostctter was born and reared on the 
old homestead, ^vhere he still resides, midwav be- 
tween NetTsville and Petersburg. Educated in the 
public schools, at the age of tv.entv-four he began 
operating the homestead, which he carried on for 
eleven years, when he moved to a tarm beiongir^^ 
to Abraham Huber, near Lancaster, where he spent 
two years. On the death of his father he returned 
to the homestead to care for his mother during her 
declining years, and on her death he purchased tifty- 
seven acres of the family estate, and has made that 
his home till tl:c present time. His entire attention 
is given to the tilling of his soil, and his name is 
classed with those of the most successful agricul- 
turists of the section. 

Mr. Hostetter was married Oct. 24, 1865. to 
Miss Anna B.. a daughter of John and Fannie 
(Buckwalter) Pluber, and born in Leacock town- 
ship, ]vlay 9, 1846. Mr. and Mrs. Plostetter are 
the parents of two children : Fannie, who died 
April 15, 1897, in her thirty-first year; and Katie, 
who is the wife of \Mllis S. Kilherfer, of Lancaster. 
They have two children, Annie and Abraham. 

]NIr. and .Mrs. Hostctter are members of the Oid 
Mennonite Church, of which he is a trustee. The 
family all stand high in the esteem and confidence 
of the community. 



ABRAHAM IIACH.MAN, one cf the pro- 
'■^ressive and public-spiritfd men of Lancaster conn- 
tv, belongs to one of the solid, respectetl and snb- 
-tantial families who for many years have taken 
jiart in the affairs of this part of the great Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania. 

Abraham Bachman was born Aug. 13, i'^43, a | 
son of Joiin and Anna ( Herr) Baeliman, in I'ecjuea ] 
township, where he was reared atid educated. His \ 
father was a competent cabinet-maker, and owned j 
an establishment, and while but a lad Abraham took 
an interest in this trade and began working in w<-kx1 I 
also, later learning the trade of carpenter under the I 
supervision of his brother, Benjamin H. Bachman. | 
For many years he fulUjwed journey work, begin- ! 
ning contracting on his own account in 1S75, since 
which time he has been busily engaged and is con- 
sidered one of the most satisfactory workmen in 
his line in Lancaster county. Many of the best 
built residences and barns in tliis Ic.cality are the 
work of his skilled hands. 

Abraham Jiachman married Catherine Houser, 
a daughter of John Hnuser, f>f West Lanii)eter 
township, and five children have been born to this 
union : Jacob i"., who is a farmer of West Lam- 
peter townshiy) : Henry H., a mechanic in the em- 
ploy of William Wohlsen, in liis sash and do<3r 
works, in Lancaster; A. Mcn-i.., a blacksmith of 
West Lampeter township); John W., a cabinet- 
maker and cari)enter, associated with his father in 
business; and Lydia Ann, tlie wife of Muses R. 
Landis. of East Lampeter lownship. 

The father and sons are all Republicans, and are 
among the best citizens of tlie township, well repre- 
senting the business interests of that part of Lan- 
caster county. 

GEORGE M. DELP, one of the representative 
men of Alanheim township, was born in Lower Lea- 
cock township. Lancaster county, Ckt. 3, 1S43, and 
is a son of John and Anna (Meixell) Delp. 

John Delp was born in Montgomery county. 
Pa , and when a young man came to Lancaster 
county, where he met and married Miss Anna Meix- 
tll, who was a native of Lancaster county, and a 
ilaughter of John Aleixell, of Leacock township. 
After their marriage, the young couple spent several 
"ears in Montgomery county. Pa., and about 1840 
returned to Lancaster county. Here John Delp 
'lied, about 1856, wlien he was fifty-five years of 
•iRe. In his politics he was an ardent Abolitionist, 
and was the son of parents who were members of 
the New Mennonite Church. His widow with her 
'wo youngest sons went West to make her home near 
Sterling, III. She passed away at the age of 
^eventy-eight years, having been the mother of 
^welve children: Jacob, who resides in Kansas, and 
'^ a veteran of the War of the Rebellion ; Catherine, 
''■"bo married Henrv Roland, of Manheim township, 
and is dead; Elizabeth, late wife of Henry Butt, of 
Lancaster; Mary, the widow of Henry Faltz, of 

Lancaster coimty ; Michael, a veteran of the war of 
the Rebellion and now a farmer in Kansas ; John, 
wdio lives in Whitesii.le county. 111.; Francis, ^^d10 
served in the Union army, and is a resident of I^n- 
caster; Georj^e M.; David, who served in the Union 
arir.y, and is a farmer and st(X"k raiser in Wyr.ming; 
Sauuiel, v. ho died at the age of two years: Samuel 
( 2>, a soldier in the war of the Rebellion, and now a 
farmer in Whiteside county; Laac, a mechanic and 
a stone mason in Kansas. 

George M. Delp was reared to a farm life, and 
was compelled l)y the death of his father to care for 
himself at the early age of thirteen years. For sev- 
eral years he found emptoNinent among the neigh- 
boring fanners, working by the month luitil he was 
about eighteen years ol<l. He attended school ULir- 
ing the winter's season, and worked during the sum- 
mer. It was a hard struggle but it fitted him for the 
activities of life liefore him, and was a large factor 
in his success. 

Mr. Delp enlisted in Co. E, 7yth P. \'. I., 
Sept. 20, 1861, when he was less than eighteen 
years, and was mustered mit March 4. 1805, 
Among the battles in which he bore a gallant i)art 
were those at I'erryville, Stone River, Chickaniauga, 
and at White Point, where he was taken prisoner; 
he was immured at Richmond. Danville and .Andcr- 
sonville, where he was connnefl eleven months, .lud 
then taken from there to Florence, S. C, and to 
Goldsborongh, N. C, where he was rescued by the 
Union trix>ps. <_)n the first day at Chickaniauga he 
was slightlv wounded, but he has never recovered 
from the effects of his jjrison life. After he was 
mustered out, Mr. Delp returned home and for two 
or three vears was engaged in the butcher business 
at Neffsville. After this tor two years he 
worked out by the month. 

When Mr! Delp married, he settled on a farm, 
and for some two years lived on a rented place. 
Later he purcha.sed a farm of twelve acres about a 
mile southwest of Neffsville, and this lias been his 
home to the present time. His acreage has been in- 
creased bv subsequent purchases of twelve acres in 
one tract and sixteen in another, and he proved him- 
self a hard-working and successful farmer. He 
built the home in wdiicli he lives and the fann build- 
ings have all been newdy built by him. By liis indns- 
trv and thrift he has accumulated considerable prop- 
ertv. and is well regarded by his fellow townsmen, 
w'ho have elected him supervisor of Manheim town- 

Mr. Delp was married in 1868 to Miss Maria 
Shriner. a daughter of Jacob and Sarah Shriner, of 
Manheim townshij). To them came a family 
of seven children, all of wliom are living: Ida, the 
wife of Benjamin Hertler, of Mechanicsville, Lan- 
caster county; John, at home; Ulysses, who married 
Ellen Huber and resides in Warwick township; 
Sadie, the wife of Meno Hess, of Manheim town- 
ship ; Laura, Ellen and Mahlon, at home. 

Mrs. Delp died in April, 1889. Mr. Delp belongs 



to the (J'.d Mcnnonitc Church, is a man of much 
character, and stands well in the community v. here 
he has passed so many industrious and usetul years. 

HEXRY .\I. 3,IAYER. a resident of Rr.lirers- 
town who needs no iiurcduction to the citizens of 
his section of Lancaster county, was born March 
23, 1S44. in .M.-mhfim townsiiip. on the farm now 
owned by the Julm Keller estate, near the city of 
Lancaster. lie couk-s of old Pennsylvania stock, 
being- of the sixth generation in descent from John 
I\la_\er, who came hither from Switzerland in the 
seventeenth centur}-. and settled in 2^Ianheim town- 
ship, taking u[) a large estate purchased from the 

2\Lartiii R. Alayer, father of Henry AL, was born 
in Ajiril. iJ'jS, m .Manheim township, near Lan- 
caster Cit}-. He was the owner of some 540 acres, 
including the Keller farm before mentioned. For 
over thirty years he served in the ministry of the 
Old ■Nlennnnite Churcli. 

Henry ^l. .Mayer was reared in his native town- 
ship, and received the greater i)art of his educa- 
tion in its common schools. H'e attended the Lititz 
Academy for two years, I8^lO and iSOi. Taking 
up the vocation to which he hatl been trained from 
boyliood. he workcil on the farms of his father and 
brother until his marriage. In the spring of iSd.S 
be coinu'.enced fanning on hij'owu account, iii Fast 
Hempfield townshi]), where he resided for seven- 
teen years, successfidly engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits, and acquiring a high reputation as one of the 
most intelligent, up-to-date farmers of tliat region. 
Diligence in the improvement of the land, the crops, 
the manner of cultivation, in everything, in fact, 
pertaining to the pr<)per and profitable conduct of 
a farm, was rewarded with the most encouraging 
results. But Mr. ]Mayer in this, as in all other 
work he has undertaken, merely followed the nat- 
ural bent of his character for thoroughness, perse- 
verance and painstpd<ing industry, and his fjlace was 
as nearly a model farm as unceasing labor and judi- 
ciously expended means could make it. In 1S85 
he moved to Rohrerstown. in East Hempfield town- 
ship, in order to give more attention to his survey- 
ing and convexancing interests, which were becom- 
ing extensive, and there he has ever since resided, 
prominently identified with the town and its airairs. 
j\Ir. Ma_\er is holding important trusts in settling up 
and managing large estates, and he has by his 
fidelity and sterling integrity in the conduct of such 
business won the hearty respect of all with whom 
he has been associated. Mr. }ilayer was the first 
vice-president of a national bank ever elected in 
Lancaster county and was one of the officers of the 
Fulton National Bank of Lancaster v. hen it was tirst 

In In 1S80 he was elected a trustee of the State 
Normal School at Millersville. which position lie still 
holds, and since 1883 he has been chairman of the 
Committee of Instruction and Discipline of that in- 

stitution. The affairs of his tuv.n have ai^■J rv:ceived 
his attention, his services as member of th.e board of 
school directors in Fast Hempfield toxvnship cov- 
ering the period from 1S72 to 1S84, during eleven 
years of which he was the etricient. secretary of the 
board. All in all, 'Mr. flayer has led a life alike of 
value to the coniniunity and creditable to himself, 
for although he had the advantage of worthy an- 
cestry to give him standing in the world, he has 
lived fully up to the standard, and the universal 
esteem which he- enjoys is the best eviiicnce of what 
he has acccomplished on his own merits alone. In 
1878 he joined the Church of God at Rohreritov.n, 
and the same year was elected one of tl:e elders of 
the church, still serving in that cai)acity. 

In November, 1867, Mr. Mayer was united in 
j marriage with Frances M. Hershey. eldest daugh- 
I ter of J. Hoti'man and Barbara Hershey. of V/est 
j Hempfield township. Tsvo daughters blessed this 
j union. Deira E. and .Mamie B., of whom ilamie 
j died in her eighth, year. Dora is the wife of Harry 
I E. Flershey. treasurer of the Steiunian Hardware 
! Company, to v. honi she was married in February, 
! 1900. 


•• JOHS WITMER HES?. -M. D. :deccased), 
' h'ew ])hysicians of Lancaster ever left behind them a 
! niiire lasting memorv than Dr. John V\ itr.ier Hess. 
, who passed out of life Nov. 13. 1895, after a pro- 
I fessional career' niarked^ \\ itli I'.inisual success and 
j followed with a faithfuiiiess which precluded active 

■ interest in every other line of endeavr. Dr. Hcss 
I was, lirst, last and all the time, th.e physician, care- 
i fill, i-iatient. watchful and skillful. 

The Doctor was born March 7. 1840, in Eden 

' township, Lancaster county, and aithougr. only nfty- 

' five years of life were granted liim he accomplished 

' more in alleviating pain and advancing liis beloved 

science than have many whose life span extended 

mucli farther. He was a son of Daniel and Barbara 

( W'itmer) Hess, the former of whom was a farmer 

■ and also a hotel-keeper for many years on th.e Co- 
! lumbia pike, four miles west of Lancaster. The tol- 

lowing children were born to Daniel Hess and his 
: wife : Dr. John \\". ; iMartin, a soldier during the 
I Civil war, who has retired to the Solaiers" Home: 
\ W'itmer J., a farmer at ^Mountville. Pa. : Edwari. a 

farmer in Kansas : Catherine and Emma, deceased ; 

Elizabeth, widow of John S. Hoover, of ^ilountville: 
I Alice, who married George Trout, a farmer of 
I Landisville : Ellen, wdio married Harry Detrich, ot 
i ]\Ianor township ; and Zena. deceased, v.'ho niarricii 
I Alfred Coble, of South Bend. Ind. The Hess family 
I is of Swiss extraction and more exten'led mention 
j of its members will be found elsewhere. 
i Dr. Hess received the educational advantages ai- 
I forded by the district schools, and later graduated 
i from the Millersville Normal School, where he v.;!S 
i regarded as an unusually bright and ambitious sii:- 
I dent. .Soon after he entered upon his me'lica! re'-nd- 
' ing, with Dr. Ale.xander Cassidy, of Miilersville. 



,'iu(l then entered Jefferson j\re'lical College, in Phil- 
ailclpliia. graduating' from that institutinn in. 1864, 
pad immediately commencing practice with Dr. Cas- 
.^itly, his old preceptor. Dr. iJcss married, and then 
.-uirted upon his own career, remaining in Aliilcrs- 
ville imtil November, 1:87'.', wlien he removed to 
I^ancaster. Almost immediately he entered upc^n a 
large and engrossing practice, and, as stated, so 
faithfully did he attend to its demands that lie re- 
fused ail political or other olhcc, altliongh he sympa- 
thized strongly with the Repu-blicau parly. lie 
i.assed away in November, 1893, and was buried in 
Woodward Hill cemetery. In 1S73 he joineil Lodge 
No. 43, F. & A. A I. ; and he also belonged to Chapter 
No. 43 R- A. }.[. ; Council No. 10; Commandery No. 
13, K. T. ; The Lodge of Perfection ; and die Knights 
<jf Pythias. 

In 1S64 Dr. Hess was united in marriage to iNIiss 
Sarah A. Baer, born in Hempfield township, daugh- 
ter of Martin H. and Mary ( liaer) Laer, the former 
of whom was a farmer. Air. iJaer died in 1837, at 
the age of thirt\'-tivc years, a member of the l\Ien- 
jionite Church, and was buvitd in the Mennonite 
cemetery in Millersville. Airs. Baer married (sec- 
ond) Jacob Bausman, more extended mention of 
whom, will be found elsewhere. Mrs. PIcss is kind 
and liberal, and with other members of the family 
recalls Dr. Hess and his work wi'ih pardonable pride, 
justly considering him one of th.e representative men 
of Lancaster. Her pleasant home is in the city, 
where she is surrounded by many attached friends. 
She belongs to the Reformed Church. Her family 
also has long been a prominent one in Lancaster 

EDWIN M. GILBERT, a leading member of 
the Lancaster County Bar, i.i a descendant of John 
and Florence fiilbert, who came to the American 
shores from Cornwall, fingland (where they be- 
longed to an old and honored family), in company 
^vith A\'illiam Penn in 1682. They settled in By- 
berry, on a land grant from the Penns, this ancient 
<state being still in the hands of their descendants. 
These early Gilberts were farmers by occupation, 
and Quakers in religion. The family came to Lan- 
caster county in the earlv part of the nineteenth 
century and settled near P.ird-in-Hand. When the 
Cilbert family removed from Bucks county they 
^'.ttled at Gilberlon, in Carbon county, to which 
tiiey gave their family name, and after living there 
Six niontlis thev were captured in 1781 by the In- 
<lians and taken to Canada, where they were kept 
in capti\'ity a number of years. There the elder 
Gilbert died, and his body was buried along the 
Niagara river. This was E. M. Gilbert's great- 
^Tcat-grandfather, and his grandfather, John, who 
^\'is a farmer, was born in captivity. 

Joseph H. Gilbert, father of Edwin AL, died in 
■'X>3' hi Eden township, where he was a farmer and 
"'"id a tannery. Hannah H. Whitson, his wife, was 
'I'-e daughter of Alicah W'iiitson, of a noted Quaker 

family. This union was blessed with seven diil- 

dren, five of whom are li\'ing: Alary W., the wife 

' of A. Walton, a farmer of Bart townshiii : .\mos. in 

, the creamery business at Ouarry\-ille ; Edwin AL, of 

Lancaster; Hugh W., the postmaster at Ouarryville, 

where he has a livery business ; and Joseph H., a 

. laundryman in Chester countv. 

Edwin Al. (filbert was born m Eden township, 
on the old homestead, Alarch 9, 1S62, an'I had his 
education in the district school, and in the Lnion 
Academy at Colerain, under Prof. .Andrews, coni- 
, pleting it in the State Normal School at Westches- 
ter. Young Gilliert theii came to Lancaster to be- 
come a .^^tudeiit in the law office of J. W. Johnson. 
For three years he studied law. and for a time tauglit 
school, pursuing his legal preparation during the 
: interim of the school sessions, and was admitted to 
I practice Oct. 14, 1885. Two ^-ea^s later, according 
' to the rules of the courts, he was admitted to prac- 
; tice in the Supreme and S'lpcrior courts, in both 
I of which he lias since been a constant workc. Air. 
Gilbert is an ardent Republican, and was hon.jred 
i with the position of solicitor for the prison ins[)ec- 
1 tors of I,a:icastcr county, and has served as, and is 
' now. city solicitor of Lancasier. 

On^jan. 2, 1887, Air. Gilbert was married to 
I Aliss Carrie A', "^'onkcrs, whose ancestors were the 
! founders of the now famous Yonkcrs. N. Y. Tliis 
I union was blessed with one child, Rodnev Yonkcrs, 
i who is now a student of '^'eales Institute. With the 
! exception of th.e Young Republican Club, Edwin Af. 
Gilbert belongs to no organization save the Society 
I of Friends of Bart Aleeting. Bart township, devoting 
1 his entire time Vj the practice of the law, in which 
i he has been very successful. 

i _ JOHN G. M'ESTAFER. editor and proprietor 

I of the Eiizabetluown Chronicle, and one of the lead- 

; ing and most imiuential citizens of Elizabethtown, 

I Pa., was born in Aliddletown, Dauphin Co., Pa., on 

j -April 8, 1850. His parents were George and Alary 
(Zimmerman;^ Westafer. of York and Dauphin 

I counties respectively; the father was a man of 

1 prominence, being both constable and tax collector 

! of Aliddletown for a period of twenty-five rears. 

i lie passed out of life in 1863, at the age of seventy- 

{ three years, and the mother survived until 1S85, 

I dying at the age of seventy-eight years; their burial 

i was in the cemetery at Elizabethtown. They were 

! consistent members of the Church of God. 

j John G. Westafer was the only child of his par- 

j ents, and was educated in the public schools of Alid- 
dletown. Between the ages of fifteen and nineteen 

I he was under the tutorship of J. W. Stofer. in the 

: printing business, on the Alidd'letov.-n Jonrv.c.l. In 

I November, i8''i9. he came to Elizabethtown, and on 

I Dec. 6 established the Elizabethtown Chronicle, 

I this excellent journal being now in its thirtv-fourth 

I volume. It began its existence as a six-column 

j folio, w'hich lias been enlarged into an eight-cninmn 

: folio, and it has a very large circulation among a 



most intelligent class of readers. IMr. Westafer 
wields a ready and facile pen, keeps thorougVily 
abreast of the times, and gives his patrons a first- 
class, instructive and newsy jonrnal, taking care to 
make it a paper suitable for all ages, and a ]iroper 
fireside companion. His efl'orts have been success- 
ful, and the influence he wields in the Republican 
part}' ranks is a very important political factor. ]\Ir. 
Westafer has a complete job printing department 
connected with his ofiice. 

Mr. Westafer has held a number of positions 
of responsibility. For nine years, despite the cares 
of a growing business, he has been the very efficient 
president of the board of health, and lias shown his 
interest in the schools by serving as director for 
three years. For twenty-eight years he has been a 
valued member C'f tlie I. O. O. F., and no one in his 
vicinity doubts his adherence to the principles of the 
Republican party. 

In September, 1S72. in Elizabethtown. IMr. 
Westafer was united in marriage with ]\Iiss Esther 
Weaver, who was born iNlarch 9, 1S4S, a daughter 
of Daniel and ^ilagdalena (Minnich) Weaver, of 
West Donegal township, where the former was en- 
gaged as a carpenter and also in farming. Tlie two 
children born to tliis union are: Jennv L.. wife of 
Ambrose Raftcnsberger, who is the telephone pole 
inspector at Elizabethtown ; and. George W.. who 
married Birdie Angstadt. and has three children, 
Vera, Ruth and jolm G. Since April i. 1902, 
George W. has been engaged as a partner with his 
father in the printing business, under tlie firm name 
of John G. Westafer & Son, and he is also in the 
green-hcnse business. The family are connected 
with the Lutheran Church, and are prominent in 
the social life of their town. 

LUKINS PENROSE, of Liberty Square. Pa., 
was born in Drumore township, on the farm which 
he now owns. Sept. 6, 1845. ^ -on of Ben- 
jamin and Hannah (Ltikins) Penrose, the former 
a native of Bucks county and the latter of IVIont- 
gomery county. 

Benjamin Penrose was born in 1S03 and was a 
son of Israel Penrose, who married Susan Folk, 
both being natives of Jjucks county. The children 
born to Benjamin and Susan Penrose were: Jane, 
who died unmarried ; Elizabeth, deceased, who mar- 
ried William Ambler, of ^Martic township ; Edith, 
deceased, who married James ■Martin, of L'nion 
county, Ohio : Benjamin, the father of Lukins ; and 
Joseph, who married Margaret Lukins. 

Grandfather Israel Penrose came to Drumore 
township with his family in 182S and purchased the 
farm and the mill property ^vhich is now known in 
this locality as Hes.s' Mills, and lived there until his 
death, in 1S57. Benjamin Penrose, tlie son of 
Israel and the father of Lukins. was married about 
1835. to Hannah Lukins. and the eight children 
born to this union were: Edith, the \vidow of Isaac 
Shoemaker, of Druiriore township; Everard, a resi- 

i dent of California; Israel A., a retired farm.-.- . 
I Fairfield, Pa.; Lukins; Annie EIi:iabeth, who r < 
I unmarried; .Sarah S. Rutter, who is living in ji- 
! more. The others passed away in infancy. Ijt.-;v ,. 
I min Penrose died in 188 1. 
I Lukins Penrose was reared on the pleasant 
i farm and learned his father's trade in the mil!, ; 
I in 1865 he began farming operations, contiirj:': • 
through these years to cany on agricultural v.-.r- 
and his tine farm of iSo acres, which he inhen- 
from his father, is well improved and verv vakvi: 

Lukins Penrose was married on Dec. 17. i,^- ■ 
to Miss Rachel Ankrim, of Drumore township. ••.. . 
passed out of lite on Dec. 17, 18S3, leaving a vac; ■ • 
place which has never been filled. In every wav r' 
was a good woman, a kind friend, and was devr.r^ 1 
to lier home an<l family. The children born to ;■ 
union were: Benjamin E., born Nov. 9. 1S74, '^'■"• 
married, and living in Union coimty, Ohio; Hann;.': 
Elizabeth, who was born July 11, 1879, and is tr ■, 
her father's very capable housekeeper; Alice ?.I::-. 
born April 2. 1881, who resides with her ivv'-. 
Israel Penrose, at Fairfield ; and Joseph, born lu: 
5, 1883. who died on April 23. 1901. 
I In his religious belief Lukins Penrose is a Ov.:.- 
I ker. In politics he is a Republican. Mr. Penr- •- 
I enjoys the esteem of the community, is an excei!-.:" 
I farmer, an accommodating neighbor, a kind ami :: - 
i duigenr father, and a man who represents in ewry 
i way a high type of citizenship. 

! GEORGE W. BAIR, a resident of Earl tov.:-- 
I ship, was born in Leacock township, near Ellswor;:-. 
I a son of Joel Bair and a grandson of Joel B.iir. 

Joel Bair, the grandfather, was a farmer in Lcn- 

cock township, and was classed among the larc:" 

land owner.s. of the day. He married a Miss \\'' '. 

by whom ho liad the following family: Geor;\ 

who died in Upper Leacock township ; Joel, the :' '.- 

ther of George W. ; Daniel, who died in Ohi : 

I Henry, a resident of Chester county : Jacob, w^' ■ 

died in Chester county; Hetty, who married I'. 

! Musselman, and removed to Adams county: Ca:-- 

I erine, the widow of Plenry Kurtz, of Cocal.i" '• 

j township ; Christina, married to Jacob Hersji--^'- 

I both deceased; Caroline, who married Daniel i'-''. • 

I both now deceased. 

i Joel Bair, the father of George W., was In'^'' 
I and reared in Leacock township, where he began i^-^ 
I a farmer, making that the occu|)ation of his "'•■ ' 
j About 1862 he moved into Earl township, where ! ^' 
j bought a farm of 126 acres, on which he erect- : 
I good buildings, and there he lived until his de.i; '• 
I This home is now owned bv two of his sons, i- 
I course of time he became one of the better knov." 
I and substantial citizens of the county, and r.-i 1 
j more than a local reputation as a farmer ami si-'v : 
; raiser. He and his wife. Leah Euslioiig. wcr.' 
j members of the Reformed Church. She was :< 
j daughter of John Bushong, and was born in Eri-=t 
Lampeter townshin. Her death occurred in i8^{. 



r;t the age of sixty-six years. JMr. Bair died in 1890, 
ai the age of eighty years. To them were bori 
^cven children: Eve Anna, the wife of Dilier 
Raiick. of Chester county ; Israel, a resident of New 
Holland ; John B., a resident of Leacock township : 
Amanda, the wife of Elam Kling, a resident of Earl 
township; George W. : Amos O., who died when 
luo vears old ; Jason D., a merchant in Leacock 

George W. Bair was born July 6, 185,'^, was 
reared on the farm and had his education in the 
public schools. When he was twenty-five he began 
farming on his own account in Upper Leacock 
township, in which occupation he was engaged for 
one vear. when he returned to Earl township, and 
in 1884 located on the farm where he still resides. 
This farm contains sixty acres, and is cultivated so 
that it ranks among the very best in the county. 
He owns a second farm of thirtv-two acres, adjoin- 
ing his home place, anfl both are well improved. 
Mr. Bair is an enterprising and nublic-spirited man, 
and takes a deep interest in anything that looks to 
the public good. He has filled the oftice of super- 
visor and has been a member of the Conntv Repub- 
lican Committee. For the last six vears he has 
dealt largely in phosphates. 

■ Mr. Bair was married Nov. 10, 1878, to Miss 
Laura J. Bushong, daugliter of Benjamin and Mary 
(Zook) Bushong, who was born- in L'ppcr Leacock 
township in 1857, To this union have coine four 
children: Elva Alary, who died at the age of ten 
months: Ira Garfield, born Oct. S, t88i ; Mabel 
Leah, who died when two and a half years old; 
Edna I., born Jan. 20, 1887. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bair are members of the Reformed 
Church, in which he is an elder. He is president 
of the Consistory, and superintendent of the Sab- 
bath-school connected with the local church. ■Mrs. 
Bair is a teacher in the Sundav-school, the son is 
librarian, and the daughter is organist, Mr. Bair 
united with the church when he was seventeen years 
of age, and when he was twenty ^vas made a deacon. 
Since 1894 he has been an elder of the church, 
which he has represented at the Classis. 

WALTER S. BUNTING, a prominent and re- 
spected farmer of Colerain township. Lancaster 
county, was born in the Imme where lie is now liv- 
ing, and is a son of Robert and Alargaret (Alorgan) 
Bunting, natives of Colerain and Pequea townships, 

The mother was a daughter of ^^'illiam Alor- 
gan ; the father was the son of W'alter Bunting, who 
came from Ireland and estaljlished the present 
homestead in 1782. Here in 1791 he erected a 
stone barn which remained in a good state of pre- 
servation until Aug. 2,^. 1902, when it was burned. 
1 he stone house on the property was btult in 1817, 
and it is one of :he good and solid structures of the 
r resent time. Here Walter Bunting and his wife 
died, leaving four children : Elizabeth Bunting, 

who married a I\lr. Sm.ith, and moved to Ohio : Mar- 
garet Bunting, who married a Mr. i\icCoy, and also 
moved into Ohio : William Bunting, who lived and 
died in Chester county ; Robert Bunting, the fadier 
of Walter S., who settled with his wife on the Bunt- 
JTig homestead, where he lived and died. During 
Ills active years Walter Bunting added many solid 
improvements to the farm, and brought it into a 
high state of fertility. He died in 1880, and his 
widow two years later. They were among the foun- 
ders of the Presbyterian Church in Colerain town- 
ship, and were devoted members of that body. In 
politics he was a Democrat, and at various times was 
elected to local positions in Colerain township. 

Robert Bunting and his wife had seven children. 

(i) Nancy Bunting married A. J. 2\lil!er, and lives 

in Philadelphia, where he holds a position with, the 

Pennsylvania Railroad, with his oifice at Broad 

j street station. They have six children : John : .Mar- 

i garet B., the wife of Joseph P. Rea, of Philadeliihia: 

j Alary; Louisa: Emma; and Francis. (2) ^V"illiam 

! lives in Philadelphia. ('3) Ella was educated at the 

L'nion High School, is unmarried, and makes her 

home in Philadelphia. (4) Robert died when a 

vQung man. 15) Walter S. (6) Alary Bimting 

died when a y(jung woman, ' ~) Thomas Bunting 

died in childhood. 

Walter S. Bunting was educated in the Union 
High School, and remained on the home tarm tintd marriage, in February, 1877, when Alary L.. die 
daughter of James arul Aiargaret (Alclntyrei Lind- 
sey, became his wife. James Lindsey was born in 
Lower Oxford township, Chester county. Aiarga- 
ret Mclntyrc was born near Oxford. After tlieir 
marriage they settled on the John Lindsey hom.e- 
stead in Chester county. John Lindsey, the grand- 
father of Mrs. Bunting, came from the North of Ire- 
land in 1782, to make his home in Chester county, 
Avhere he lived and died on a farm, leaving five ciiii- 
dren, James, John , Jackson, Alary and Hannah. 
The homestead fell to Jatnes Lindsey, and there Airs. 
Bunting was born. She was educated at the home 
schools, and the Oxford Seminary. 

Air. and Airs. Walter Bunting settled on a farm 
adjoining their present location, where they lived 
seven ^•ears. In 1885 they moved to the old Bunt- 
ing homestead, where he has lived to the present 
time. He is a man of standing in the community. 
On his present farm he has made many very sub- 
stantial improvements, has put hot and cold water 
and steam heat into the building, and has greatly im- 
proved the place. He is the father of four chiUlren: 
(i) Robert J., secured his education in the Union 
High School, and taught school for two years in 
Colerain township. In 1899 he sectu'ed a lucrative po- 
sition at the Broad Street depot ot the Pennsylvania 
Railroad, Philadelphia. (2.') Alarv E. attended the 
Union High School, from wiiicli she graduated, and 
the West Chester State Normal, where she was grad- 
uated in the class of 1901, and !<= now one of the 
teachers in the Colerain l'nion School. (3) Walter 



S. and (4) Alljcrt 'yl. were twins: Albert died when 
two and a half xears cild : \\ alter S. is now a stndent 
at tlie Union Higii School. 

Mrs. Walter S. Buntin!:: belonL;-s to die Presby- 
lerian Church, with which her huiband is also con- 
nected. In politics he has alwax's been a Democrat, 
and for' seven years was school director. 

The Buntings are an old and prominent family 
in Colerain township. The old stock were all Pres- 
bUerians, and were widely known all over the 
county as prosperous and successful farmers, and 
worthily wears an honored name. 

HENRY B. NISSLEY, now a retired farmer 
at Florin, Pa., is somewhat advanced in life, and 
has ])nt behind him useful and industrious years as 
his contributior. to the welfare of his native com- 

Mr. Xissley v, as born March 28, 1846. the son 
of Christ E. and Fanny ( Brencma\i 1 Nissley, both 
of whom were born in Rapho tinvnship. For fifteen 
vears prior to his death the father was a retireil 
farmer. V man of some prominence in the commun- 
ity, he iilled the position of school director for 
eighteen years and was a shrewd and thrifty farmer, 
of g'ood habits and high ciiaracter. In 1891 he 
passed away at the age of seventv years, and his 
widow in 1^94. at the age of sixty-four years. They 
were both members of the ^lennonite Church, and 
Avere buried at Landisvilie. To them were born : 
Henry I>. ; Samuel, a farmer in West Hcmp.field 
township ; .Jonas, a farmer in \\'est Hempfield; 
Anna, wiio married. John Stehman, of Lancaster 
county ; Catherine, who married Daniel Forney : 
Fanny, who married Amos Shelly, a farmer in the 
township of Mt. Joy; David, deceased; Ellen, liv- 
ing in Lancaster, Pa.: Emma, who married ^Vitmer 
Rohrer, a foreman in the silk mill at Lancaster. 

The parents of Christ E. Nissley were Samuel 
and Emma (Eb}') Nissley, who were honest and 
industrious farming- people near Petersburg, where 
they both died on cheir farm. The maternal grand- 
father of Hemy B. Nissley was Henry Breneman, 
of Lancaster county. 

Flenry B. Nissley was twice married. Nov. 30, 
1869, in Lancaster. Pa., he was married to Rebecca 
B. Brubaker, by whom he became the father of 
these children : .\lice, who died at the age of 
twenty-three years ; Isaac B,, a farmer in Sahinga, 
Pa, : Frances B. and Enos B. are at home ; ]\Iinnie : 
Paris : Walter B., a farmer in this county ; Ira B., 
deceased. Mrs. Rebecca B. Nissley was born in 
Rapho township, and died Oct. 11, 1888. She was 
buried in Graybiirs cemetery in East Donegal town- 
ship, and was a daughter of Isaac and Rebecca 
(Flershey") Brubaker, hotii of whom died on their 
homestead in Rapho township. 

J.Ir, Nissley and ]Mrs. Kate (Hoffer) Risser 
were married May 18, i8i)0, in Lancaster. Pa. Airs. 
Nisslev is the daugliter of Jacob and Mary (Herst) 
Hoffer, of Dauphin an(l Lancaster counties, re- 

spectively. Her father dicil in 18S1. at tlio ;ic.' • • 
sixty-four, and her mother in 1877, at the a-,- • - 
sixty years. Thcv were both buried in the ceme'- r 
comiected with the Green Tree meeting house .■ 
^It. Joy township. They were niemliers of the (I r- 
man Baptist Church, and were good, honest peoi.;-, 
of industrious habits and fine character. 

Jacob Hoft'er came to Lancaster county in 18;-. 
and remained there until liis death. To him v, -"r- 
born these children: I\Iarv. Isaac, David and E;-. . 
all deceased: Kate, ?drs. Nissley: John, dccea;-,;':; 
Tobias, a retired farmer in Elizabethtown. i';,.. 
Elizabeth, the widow of Peter Nissley, and livin- ;.; 

Mrs. Nissley's first husband was Christ Risi..r, 
of I\It. Joy, I)v whom she became tlie mother of ti:- 
following children: Ellen, who married Edwar ; 
Ginrich, a retired farmer in Daufiliin county ; Mir,- 
nie, the v.-ife of Christ Ginrich, a drover of Leba :-:■:■ 
county. Pa. ; Ulysses, wh(.i married. .Minnie Har-.:\ 
and is a physician in Cam;>bellto\\n, I'a. ; Dora, r'r.e 
wife of Frank Hershey, a of Wayner- 
boro. Pa.: Phoebe, Christ and Plerbert, at ho:r.e: 
Ada, deceased. Christ Risser, who v,as born ::■ 
Lebanon county. Pa., died in 1888, at the age o:' 
forty }-ears, on the farm wlierc liis life was spent : 
the .son of Christ and iMary (Nis.siey) Ris.ser. ■ Iv.-' 
was a man of considerable importance in the co:::- 
munity wh.cro his well-ordered life was devoted :o 
honest indusirv. 

Henry B. Nissley remained rtdth his parents 'cv.- 
til he reached the age of twenty-three years, when 
lie Ijought a farm of ten acres near Lancaster ar.'i 
engaged in truck farming for two years. Tiv.^ 
young farmer tlien sold his place and bought a br:: > 
farm of 146 acres in East Donegal township, re- 
maining there for a few years, and then for n:::o 
years in Mt. Joy township, after which he returned 
to his place and continued there until 1896. Tii..: 
vear he came to Florin to make it his;r. 
home, and there he has remained until the prese::: 
time. In Florin he is engaged in the raising : 
fruit, and rents his farm at a good figure. 

In his political sentiments IMr. Nissley is a Re- 
publican. His wife is a member of the Gem':..: 
Baptist Church. They are prominent and wealtlv- 
people, and well deserve a place in any record of t:'.'' 
better class of Lancaster countv. 

JOSEPH BARNETT, a retired hotel man 
Lancaster, is probably one of the best known c: 
zens of Lancaster county, and he holds a high pla 
in the regard of his fellow citizens wherever h.e 
Icnown. For many years he v.'as an active busing. 
man of the city where he yet makes his home. 

Mr. Barnett was born in Lancaster Oct. 18, 18- 
son of Joseph Barnett, a native of Germany, \\ 
came to the United States during early manhocnl 
order to escape military service. He was natural*.- 
in Lancaster. He married Catherine Smitii, w 
was born in the I.^nited States, and tliey became : 


w^^eAJi /SoumjUt 



j.arents of chiKlrcn as follows: Charles, Henry L., 
Caroline, Alary Ann, Joseph and Jacob, of whom 
lo-cph is now the only survivor. None of this fam- 
\W married. llie father was a member of St. 
Hilary's Church, while the mother belonged to the 
Reformed Church. She jiassed away in 1S34, and 
Air. Harnett followed her to the grave in 1844. at 
the age of sixty-hve years. Their remains rest in 
Lancaster cemetery. He was a blacksmith by trade, 
but for a number of years engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness, carrying on a hotel in the upper part of the city 
nf Lancaster. 

Joseph liarnett was reared in Lancaster and re- 
mained with his parents as long as they lived. He 
followed in his father's footsteps, learning the trade 
of blacksmith and machinist, for •which he possesses 
considerable abilitv, and, rising gradually, became 
master mechanic for the Ohio & Alississipni railroad, 
at St. Louis, Alo., holdmg tluit ]>osition one year. 
In 1S5S he retnrlied to Lancaster, and made his home 
with his brother, Henry L., who was at that time 
conducting the old "Cadwell House" uiow the "'Im- 
perial"), continuing m its management thirteen 
3"ears. After his death, whicli occurred Oct. 18, 
1878, Josepli I'.aruett toolc charge of the iiotel, v.hich 
he carried on uiUil his retirement from husiucss life, 
in 1891. As a hotel man he was highly successful, 
as, indeed, all the members of the family who have 
engaged in that line have been, his genial di? 
tion bringing the house much popularity and good 
^vill. Though he now leads a quiet life. Air. liar- 
nett has in his day been a jirominent, useful citizen, 
and as such won the esteem of a wide circle of friends 
and acquaintances. He is now enjoying the ease 
to whicii a long life of activity entitles him. Air. 
Barnett is a Democrat in political faith, and inter- 
ested in the success of his jiarty. 

ELIAS WOLF. Among the thrifty and well- 
e?tablished citizens of Akron borough is Elias Wolf, 
"wlio successfully conducts a business in coal and 
lumber, and through a long career has won for him- 
self the respect and esteem of the whole community. 

Elias Wolf was liorii Sept. 17. 1843, a son of 
Samuel and Elizabeth (Kemper) Wolf, of Ephrata 
township. Saiuucl Wolf was a son of Jacob Wolf, 
a well-known farmer of Lancaster county, was born 
in iSio and died on April 9. iSi;S ; his wife, born in 
iSio, passed away in 1876. They reared these chil- 
dren: Sarah, who married Reuben Alohler; 
Ceorge, deceased : David, deceased ; Susannah ; 
Samuel ; Elias : Elizabeth ; Catherine, deceased. 

Elias W^olf was reared on a farm and received 
his education in the common schools of his district. 
T'ossessed of but limited means, he was both provi- 
<lent and industrious and in the course of time ac- 
cumulated large means, at present being the owner 
^>f an excellent business and tw'o iuie farms near Ak- 

The marriage of Elias Wolf to Aliss Miranda 
^^'crmon, of the borough of Akron, occurred Feb. 20, 

rSt'17, and to this union have been horn tiftecn chii- 
dicn: Emma Elizabetii, born SejU. TO, i8l'~, died 
Jr.r.o I, 1872; Svlvester, ijorn Jan. JO, i860, died 
Alav 30, 1872; Ellen, born June ir, 1870: Harry, 
born Oct. 17, 1871, died June 12, 1S72; Harvey, 
born April 28, 1873; Theodore. Aug. 22, 1874: 
CAcivn, Dec. 15, 1875; Ada, .'\ug. 9, 1877; Samr.el. 
Jr., Sept. 25, 187S, and (lietl Ala}- 17, 1879: Alaggie, 
Jan. 17. 1880 ; Alary, 23, 1S81. died Alarch 6. 
"1S82: Elias. Feb. 29, 1883; Bertha, Aiarch 13, 18S4: 
Charles. July 20, died Jan. 19, 1887; and Sadie, 
Jan. 6, 1892. 

hi politics, Mr. Wolf is a staunch Republican 
and iias held a number of the township otikes. riiling 
then most cfliciently ; in Ins religious belief, he is a 
consistent member of the Dunkard Church. In all 
Ey^hrata townsh.ip there is no man more highly re- 
garded as one who is honorable and upriglu in all 
ijusiness dealings, and in every v.alk of life lie has 
displaced those attributes which make a good citi- 
zen, kmd iiusband and carefid fatlier. 

HIRAAI L. BATTEN, the etncient superin- 
tendent for the sub-station for the Conestoga Trac- 
tioti Comi)any, located at Alechanicsburg, Fa., was 
born in I'ppcr Leacock township, Oct. li, 1S.1.Q: he 
was a son of Israel and Elizabeth (Garber) Batten. 
the former of I.'ppcr Leacock and the latter 01 A est 
Earl townsiiip. Tlie death of the mother occurred 
on the old h<)mestea<l in 1S69, at the age <■( tiity- 
three. Tiie father still resides on the old fanu. a 
woolen manufacturer who operated miils in W est 
Earl and East Di/ncga! townships, retiring froni ac- 
tivitv in 1S70. Both he and his wife were memin^rs 
of the Alethodist Church. The cliildren born to 
them were : Anna E., who died in infancy : and 
Hiram L. 

The paternal gramlparents were Hiram and 
Susannah (Alcixell) Batten, natives of Do> 
town. Chester county, where he was brought up to 
the trade of stone mason, also teaching sciiool dur- 
ing his younger days. In 1790 he came to Lancaster 
countv and operated a hotel in L'pper Leacock town- 
ship, and in 1800 purcliased the farm property on 
which Israel Batten resides. The maternal arrarid- 
parents were John and Rachel ('AIcArthurj^ Gar-j 
ber. natives of West Earl township and Chester 
county, respectively. 

Hiram L. Batten remained wdth his parents in 
the home at Batten's Corner until his marriage. In 
his early years he attended the district schools and 
from eighteen to twenty he was a student at the 
Lebanon Valley College, and later at tlie Shippens- 
burg State Normal School. Wlien about twenty- 
one years old ATr. Batten began to teach school, and 
from his beginning in Upper Leacock township he 
continticd in tnat profession for twenty-one years. 
being recognized as one of the leading instructors in 
the county. On Feb. 10, 1901, he assisted in esta'o- 
lishing the sub-station at Alechanicsburg arid was 
made its superintendent. For two and one-lia't 


years he has been justice of the peace, v.-hile for the 
past fifteen he has been the valued agent for the 
Northern I^fiitual Fire Insurance Company, of Lan- 
caster county. 

Mr. Batten was married Sept. i8, iS8i, in Bird- 
in-Hand, to Sailie Armstrong, and to this 
union two daugiiters Iiave been born, Grace E. and 
Maud M. ilrs. Batten was born in WilHamstown, 
Pa., a daughter of Jacob and Susan (Fennineer) 
Armstrong, the former of whom was a railroad 
engineer, who died at the age of fortv-one at Co- 
lumbia in 1S74. The mother resides in Gordon- 
ville. Pennsylvania. 

The family are consistent members of the J.Ieth- 
odist Church, in which !v[r. Batten has been a local 
preacher for live years and where they are most 
highly esteemed. In politics he has ever been in 
sympathy with the Republican part}-. 

JOSEPH H. GOCHNAUER. One of the well- 
conducted farms of Lancaster count}-. Pa., located 
in East flempfield township, midway between 
Petersburg and Landisville, is owned and success- 
■ fully operated by Josepli H. Gochnauer, a well-known 

Joseph H. Gochnauer, a son of John and Re- 
becca (Hersli) Gochnauer. was born April 6, iS-ui, 
on the farm upon which he lives, and was reared 
and edncaietl in East Hemptietd townsiiip, passing 
all his years there, with the exception of ten m^OTiths 
spent in the West. In 1873 ^^ Look cli.irge of the 
fann by himself and since that time has brought 
his sixty acres to a high state of production, con- 
fining himself to general far:iiing. A [any substan- 
tial in;prcvements have been made on the place since 
he took charge of it and it is one of the most valu- 
able and desirable in the ncighborhc>od. 

On Nov. 17, T872, Joseph H. Gochnauer was 
married to Anna Hostctter. a daugluer of Christian 
and Catherine ( Frank ) Hostctter, vvdio was born in 
Manheim township, in Lancaster county, and three 
children have been born of tins union : Christian 
H., ■•.\ho is a graduate of Franklin and Marshall 
College, of Lancaster City, in the class of 1000 : 
John H., a pupil in the State Normal .School at 
Millersville ; and Joseph H.. who is a student at 
Elizabethtown College. 

These worthy people are among the most highly 
esteemed residents of the township, and are con- 
nected with the Old JMennonitc Church, in which 
Mr. Gochnauer is a trustee, and where they are 
known to be kind, charitable and Christian ex- 

JOHN M. GOCHNAUER. The name of 
Gochnauer is an old and well-known one in Lan- 
caster county. Pa., the great-grandfather of John 
M. Gochnauer, one of the pioneers of the townshii). 
having met his death \\ liilc at work in tJie fields, when 
the In<lians attacked him on the spot whore the 
"Black Horse Tavern" nov; stands. There was one 

son left to perpetuate the name. Joseph, wlio b:-'- 
; came the grandfather of John M. and was born 
! and reared in East Hempfield township and spen; 
I a long and useful life there. He v:as a farmer niLi 
' owned and operated a large estate, being one of ;h.. 
i most extensive farmers of the county at that tin-:' 
; and a man who left an inipression upon his genern- 
' lion, prominent in public affairs and one v.'ho wa^ 
! regarded favorably by the members of a corr.- 
i nmnity where his advice and judgmient were relied 
1 upon. It v/as by his suggestion that th.e names of 
j East and West were given to Hempfield township 
I at the time the division was made. 
: The wife of this worthy man died in 1828, in 
! her fifty-ninth year, but he survived to be eighty- 
1 two years old, and died in March, 1S47, having had 
j tiie following children : Jacob, the eldest, who 
I went V\'est to grow up -^vitii the country, first to 
I Ohio and later to Indiana: Joh.n, the father of John 
; M. ; Michael, who made his hom.e in Lancaster 
! county until his decease; Joseph, who died in 
i Lewistov,-n : Henry, a farmer: Annie, tlie wife oi 
George Weiler: Elizabeth, the wife of Peter Krei- 
I rier; 3.1agdr.lene. wlio married iMartin Heisev; 
I Fanny, Vvdio married Adan: Brenneman : and Jilar'v. 
i married to George Shrincr, of Sdkharc, Indiana. 
; John Gochnauer was born in East Hempfield 
i in August, iro.r and died Tan. 21, 185S: he v,-as 
! reared to manhood in East Hemnfield township, en- 
I gaged in farm occupations, became prominent in 
' the Old Mennonite Church, and in the s.ame towii- 
I ship married, and in time pas'^ed to his fathers. 
I The first marriage of John Gochnauer was to Anna 
i }ililler, who was born Dec. 3. 1803, and died June 
' 22. 1834, two cliildren surviving: Henry, vv'ho 
1 died in 1893, ''^ ^-^"^ ^ge of sixty-four years, a farmer 
, in East Hempfield township, he had reared a 
i family: an.-l John I\[., our subject. The father v.-as 
! married again, to Rebecca Hersli. who Vv'as boni 
I Aug. 2, 1807, and died Oct. 20, 18S4. leaving the 
; following family: JMartha, a most iadv. 
i who resided with John M. until her death. Mav 20, 
! 1901, at the age of sixty-four years: Rebecca, who 
i married Reist, and died in 1892: Joseph, 
a farmer of East Flempfield township: and AnTiie. 
who resides with her brother John. 

John M. Gochnauer was born on the oid homie- 
stead, near East Petersburg. June 10. 1834. was a 
son of John and Anna ("Aliller) Gochnauer, anvl a 
grandson of Joseph and Annie (Kaufiinan') Goch- 
nauer, and spent his boyhood in that locality. In 
1873 he removed to his present farm, since whicii 
time he has lived retired from active work. Among 
the leading members of the Old Mennonite Church., 
I he takes a prominent part in all benevolent entcr- 
] prises, and is m.'.ich esteemed bv the members of the 
1 church and bv the whole community. 
I ' ■ 

I JACOB L. L.-\XDIS. Among the pro:ni;:cnt 

i and representative farmers of East Lampeter town- 

slup is Jacob L. Landis, a worthy grandson of 



Abram Landis, who was born on the same farm on 
which Jacob L. now lives. 

Abram Lanclis (2), the fatlier of Jacob L. Lan- 
dis, was also born on this old home place, in 181 1, 
and followed farming' all his days. A man who en- 
joyed the esteem, of every one, Abram Landis be- ' 
came a leading member of the Old Mennonite 1 
Church. He married Esther Landis, the estimable ' 
daughter of Benjamin Landis, and they had five i 
children born to them : Elizabeth, who died un- ' 
married ; Benjamin, a farmer of East Lampeter ' 
township; Jacob L. ; Mary, deceased, the wife of 
Samiuel H. Burkhart ; and Abram, a farmer of East 
Lampeter township. ! 

Jacob L. Landis was Ijorn on the old hom.estead ' 
on Aug. 22, 1S42, and remained with his father 1 
until he was thirty years of age. His education was ' 
obtained in the public schools, but being of bright ; 
intelligence, he soon was far in advance of others 
of his age. IMr. Landis has given some attention to 
the settling of estates, and has adjusted many mat- ! 
ters v.-ith judgment and skill, showing that if he had 
directed his attention to a profession he would im- 
doubtedly have become prominent in it. 

At the death of his father, about 1871, jL-. Lan- 
dis inherited the old home, and since that time has 
devoted much attention to the improvement of his 
property. Air. Landis was married to JMiss Annie 
D. Rohrer, and to this union have been born two 
children ; Emma, who is the wife of Benjamin Wit- 
mer and has two children, Hattie L. and xVnna 
^lary ; and Amos R., who farms the old homestead 
for his father. The latter has two grandchildren, 
Elvin W. and Esther Susan, the children of Amos 
R. and Ida (Weaver") Landis. The religious con- 
nection of the family is with the Old Mennonite 

ALVIN BROWN, one of the honorable citizens 
and successful farmers of Little Britain township, 
resides on his well-cultivated and highly improved 
farm of 154 acres, located near the Chester county 

He was born in the pleasant home which he now 
owns, in 1845. His father was Jacob Brown, who 
was born in Lancaster county in 1S09, and died in 
1861, having had these children: Alvin ; David C, 
of Cecil county, i\Id. ; Elmira. a widow, of Kansas ; 
Delilah, a teacher in the public schools of Wilming- 
ton, Del. ; Hannah, a trained nurse in Philadelphia ; 
Naomi, a professional seamstress of Wilmington. 
Del. ; and Lewis J., a farmer in Kansas. The mother 
of this family was born in 1814, and died in 1876. 
Jacob Brown was an honest, upright man, prominent 
in the Society of Friends and during his life was one 
of the leading citizens of Little Britain township. 
His wife had been reared in the Presbyterian 
Church and always adhered to that faith. 

Alvin Brown was reared on tlie farm he now 
owns, and received his education in the comrnori 
schools of !)is township. His life has been an agri- 

cultural one and it has been crowned witii success, 
the result of intelligent effort in this line. 

.•\lvin Brown was married on Dec. 28, 1S67, to 
Anna M. Griffith, of Lancaster county, a member of 
one of the honorable old families of this locality. 
Her parents were William and Susan (Pugifi Grif- 
fith, of Chester county. Pa., and she was born Aug. 
13, 1S47, '^'''e other m.embers of her parents' familv 
being : Elizabeth, the wife of Atwood iMontgomery, 
a farmer of Cecil county, J\ld. ; Martha, the wife of 
James Ewing, of Cecil county; Lucretia, the wife of 
Joseph Brobson, of Lancaster county ; and Evan and 
Winnifred. deceased. 

The six children born to Mr. and Mrs. Brown 
were: William J.. v\dio lives on the home farm: 
Adda P., who married Joshua Wason, a farmer of 
Cecil county, Md.. and has one son, Alvin ; Hugh 
]\I., a of Cecil county, Md., who married 
]\iina Re}-noIds : Kirk, a blacksmith in Chester coun- 
ty; Hilary S., who married Thomas Cooney, a mer- 
chant, and lives in Chestnut Level; and D. C. the 
youngest of the family, busy on the home farm. 

^1t. Brown is one of the most highly esteemed 
citizens of this locality both in public and private 
life, and is also one of the most intelligent. Not 
content with the advantages afforded by the public 
schools, he passed through the B'airville High School 
and then took a collegiate course in the Clear 
Springs .Academy, of Indiana. Noted in the com- 
munity for his charity and kindness, Alvin Brown 
follows in his life th.e peaceful precepts taught by tlie 
Societv of Friends, and enjoys in the highest sense, 
the esteem of all with whom he comes in contact. 
Politically, he is a Republican and for six years has- 
faithfully served iiis township as supervisor, attend- 
ing to the duties of the position with the reliability 
which attends all his actions. 

CHARLES H. TYSON, who holds an honored 
place among the farmers of Bart township. Lan- 
caster county, where he is now pursuing a retired 
life, was born Aug. 25, 1S42, in Cecil county, ]\Id., 
his parents being Samuel and Ellen (Timmons) 
Tyson, both natives of I\Iaryland. The father was 
born in Cecil county in 1804, and the mother was 
born in 1818. 

Samuel Tvson was a son of William Tyson, who 
was born in Maryland, and took part in the Revolu- 
tion. The family settled in Cecil county, but Will- 
iam Tyson died at the home of one of his children in 
Chester county. Pa. He had five children, (i) 
Amor died when a young man. (2) I\I?.ria, born in 
Maryland, married Tobias McKinsey, who settled 
and died in Newark. Del., where she also died, leav- 
ing a family : Elizabeth, deceased ; Zebuion, of New- 
ark. Del., deceased ; Susan, the wife of George W. 
Moore, of \\'ilmington, Del.; William, who lives at 
Risin? Sun, Cecil Co.. Md. ; Plarry, of Newark, 
Del. ; Elma. unmarried and living in Wilmington, 
Del.: Tol)ia> E. and Mary, both living h\ V\'ihr:ing- 
ton, Del. (,3") Jane married John Whitf, and died 



leavinc;- no family. (4') Elizabeth, horn in Mary- 
land, married Eix-r Niclds of Chester county, and lias 
her home in Coatesville, where he is cngnq^ed in the 
contracting- and Iniildin^- Inisiness. Their children 
were: Otle\ , who married and settled in Coatesville, 
where he left a widow and four sons, ilorris, Eber, 
"Wesley and Chester: Anna, a widow in Chester 
count}- : Xcwton. died in >-nung- manhoorl ; Emma, 
late wife of Joseph Pierce: Ida, dccf-ased : Ella, who 
married Marry W'ooilwarrl, of Chester county ; 
^Magiirie, marri,?d to Joseph Woodward : John, de- 
ceased. (5) Samuel was the father of Charles H. 

Samuel Tyson was reared in Cecil county, Md., 
married Ellen Timmons in 1839, and enofagcd as a 
miller, working in different parts of Cecil county, 
until the later years of his life. He located in Wil- 
mington. Del. In 1S73 he visited his son. Charles 
H. in Georgetown, and there he died. His widow 
sun-ived until 1882, v>-hen she died at the home of a 
daughter in Wilmington, Del. INIr. Tyson was a 
strong anti-slavery man, anil was a stanch Rc])ub- 
lican after the formation of that party. To hin-i and 
his excellent wife were born the following children: 
(l) Amelia A. Tvson, tiorn in Cecil county, Md., in 
1840, n-iarried Edward Thomas, of Delaware, where 
thev both died. Her death occurred in Fcbruarv, 
1878. (2) Charles H. (3) Martha J. Tvson, born 
in Cecil county, in 1844, n-iarried Daniel Hanna. of 
Cecil county, Md., where they lived many years, and 
"vvhere he dietl, leaving her with six children; Ches- 
ter: Nettie: Martha, vvho is the wife of Edward 
Hitchens, of Cecil countv. ^^Id. ; Lila ; Sliern-ian, and 
Rcba. (4) Oliver E. Tyson, born in 1847. married 
Anna Scott, of Delaware, and has his hoi-iie in T^ank- 
tord. near Philadelphia, win. re they have had the 
following children : Bertha, who married George 
Walker, and lives in Philadelphia: Leroy. of 
ter; ^^'!lIiam, of Frankford : Oliver and Edwin, de- 
ceased. C.t') Samuel T}-son. born in Cecil county. 
Md., married Miss Sarah Money, of Delaware, and 
located in Wilmington, w-here both died, leaving 
two -children : Harry and ^.lary, both of Philadel- 
phia ; the latter is the wife of Albert Kite. (6) 
Annie Tyson, born in Maryland, niarried Plenry 
Wright of Cecil county, and after living for sonie 
years on a farm near Elkton. }ild.. moved to Wil- 
■mingtou. Del., where she died in 1893, leaving a 
large family : .Susan, the wife of Joseph Redwell. 
■of \\'iImington : Clarence, single : Cecelia, deceased : 
Ellis, unmarried: ]\[abel, the wife of John Kirkpat- 
rick, of Cecil county, ]\[d. : Clinton and Otis, unmar- 
ried. (/'I George Tyson, born in Cecil county, 3.1d., 
■married r\[iss Sarah Moore, of Wilmington, where 
they live. They have had five children : Estella, 
Reba, Ethel and Covington arc dead ; Grace is at 
the family honie in Delaware. (8) Amanda Tyson, 
torn in Cecil county, }.[d., married James Tibbitt, of 
Delaware, and is now dead, leaving two children : 
Viola ;iiid Charles. Viola is married to Robert 

Charles H. Tyson, the oldest son of Samuel Ty- 

snn, reare;! to riianhood in Cecil countv, M,;. 
and when a young man learned the trade of a hm:;, 
painter and decorator, in which he was engaged u:r..:. 
after his marriage in 1867. ^^'s wife was Miss Lvill-. 
r>. Thnnipson, daughter of Jacob B. and }darv {Cl.-iv- 
ton ) Th'-^mpson, born in Christiana, April 28, 18.14. 
Jacob B. Th.onipson was born at Steelville. Lan- 
caster county, in 1 700, and his wife, Mary Clavton. 
was horn near Baltimore, in 1818. They settled in 
Strasburg, where for some years he carried on busi- 
ness as a merchant. He had a general store at differ- 
ent tiiues. in Philadelphia, and in other parts of ih..^ 
State. Plis last location as a merchant was in Chri.-- 
tiana, where he ^va- in business at the time of his 
death in 1855. His widow moved to Bart in 1S57. 
where she lived uiitil her death in 1808. To this 
^vorthy and estin-iable couple were born the foUowin'-^ 
children ; John C, living unmarried in Bart towr- 
ship ; Lydia B., Mrs. Tyson; James A., decea.sed: 
Harriet E., the wife of Milton Heidelbaugh, a i)ro'-!i- 
incnt character of tlio city of Lancaster ; Robert F.. 
a commission merchant in Philadelphia ; William 
D.. a farmer; Jacob, ^^ho niarried Aliss Clara }.Iil!er, 
and resides on a farm in township. 

Charles PI. Tyson and wife settled in Wilming- 
ton, Del., wlierc he engaged in the grocery trade. 
In 1868 he movcfl to Newark, where he engagerl 
at the painting trade, and in iS(x) removed tc- L!art 
township to spend the ensuing two years v-ith hi.i 
wife's mother. He was a clerk in the Nickel Mines, 
! Store. Lancaster county, for rililton Heidelbaugh. 
si 'me eight years. I-'or a tin-ie he was a 
clerk in a Georgetown store, and then moved to the 
! farm of Milton Heidelbaugh, where he spent soi-nc 
! eight years. In 1899 he bought the farm on v/l-iicli 
i he is now living, and where he has a very pleas- 
j ant home. 

Mr. anrl INIrs. Tyson have three children: Elia 
I 'Slay, hom in 1868. married to Harry Pickell aud 
i living in Cochranville. Chester county : W. Clayton. 
I born in Lancaster county, in December, 1869. i\n- 
! married and at home; Mary E. A., born in July. 
j 1878, is the wife of Charles D. Flocking, of Laii- 
I caster City, anrl the mother of three children, 
Charles Lee. Beatrice Tyson and John Warren. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tyson are members of the Octoraroj 
Presbyterian Church. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, and froni time to time has filled various local 
oifices, such as those of assessor, tax collector ar.-i 
supervisor. In 18S0 he was appointed enumerator 
of the census for Bart township. 

LEWIS S. HARTMAN, who passed away at 
his home on the morning of March 9, 1895, was one 
of the most dearly beloved and highly respected citi- 
zens in Lancaster. 

Mr. Hartnian was horn in that city June 7. t84,v 
a son of Lewis S. Hartman, in his time an eiiteqiris- 
ing and public-s]>iritefl business n-ian. In his hoy- 
hood Mr. Hartman attended the public scho-ols and 
later Ycates Institute. Always a high-si>irited :in:i 


£le^ JMlrr:^;:^Z:Z 



...-.Ijitiuiis lad. lie entered the business world with an 
.-uhiisiasm that never forsuok him. He clerked i:^ 
., •■rocery store ov\ne<i by his bnither, John I. Hart- 
:;, and also in Shultz's hat store. The outbreak 
..f the Civil war found him but a boy in years, but 
fired with a holy patriotism, he enlisted July to, 
iS'.r, in Co. B, 13th P. V. I., and became a part of 
tiie I'ennsvlvania Reserves, whose record makes a 
:;i,.Nt brilliant page in tlie history of the Civil war, 
Mr. Hartman enlisted for three years or during: th.e 
•..:ir; and after the battle of Antietain, in Septenibor, 
: '^' '2, he was promoted to tlie rank of corporal, ai- 
tiiough at that time he was the youngest ruaa in the 
cr'iripanv. With his company and regiment he par- 
ticipated in man}' of the most notable and hotly con- 
ie>ted contacts of the war. among which may be 
rv.rntioned Gaines' Mills, Malvern Hill. Second Bull 
Kiiii. South Mountain, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, 
tile Wilderness, Sjiottsylvania, and Colil Harbor. In 
all of these engagements Mr. Hartman displayed 
>;ich conspicuous braverv as to win high commenda- 
tic-a from his superior officers. Through tliem all. 
t"0. he seemed to bear a charmed existence, and 
ul;ile the bullets wliistled all around him he miracu- 
lously escaped unscathed until the battle of (."old 
Harbor. His term of enlislment had expired, but ihe 
regiment decided to take part. In the thickest of the 
I'g'it stood the young ccrporal. and as he turned, tr, 
^['eak to a conu-ade a bullet pierced his body, and he 
.-link to tl'ie ground. Comrades conveyed him two 
iTiiles on a stretcher to the aminilance train, ready to 
-tart for Washington. The ball had struck him under 
'.i'.e left arm, pierced the lung, and passed out at the 
right shoulder, making a liole entirely through his 
body, and of so dangerous a nature that the anr.y 
>urgeon gave him u['. His recovery is still regardeii 
as a remarkable one, and he lay for many weeks in 
die hospital before being able to be moved home, and 
■dun a year passed before he was considered well. 

W hen once again able to enter the world of com- 
!'!'erce. ^Ir. Plartman engaged in the grocery busi- 
r.ess on North Queen street, and later bought out the 
c:gar store of A.ndrew McGinnis, known as the "Vel- 
'■'W Front." He engaged in the manufacture of 
cigars, and also quite extensively in the leaf to- 
'':icco business, continuing same up to within a few 
H-ars of his death, wdien he sold out to John E. 
-darkley. However, he retained the rear office, which 
'■e used as his political office and headcpiarters. He 
>\_a> one of the founders and heaviest stockholders 
"i the Fulton National Bank, of which he was a 
director at the time of his death ; and he was also 
"■ne of the founders of the Lancaster Trust Company. 

Always a Republican in politics, Mr. Hartman 
eariy became one of the leaders in the party organiza- 
'^"n. .-Ks early as 1870 he entered the lists as a can- 
didate for recorder of deeds, but was defeated in 
""> lar as the office was concerned. The campaign he 
'•■^de, however, brought him prominently to the 
Ji^'^nt, and was the foundation upon whicl\ was built 
l'i» later successes. In 1875, ^"^^ again in 1S90. he 

was elected protiionotary. It was as a l-.-adcr or as 
an organizer rather than as an office holcier that 2sir. 
Hartman was best known. The excitement of a 
political struggle was his ruling passion — the n?ore 
desperate the chances the more keenly he became in- 
terested, and the harder he worked. Crn'ike n:any 
politicians, he was intense!}' loyal to his chosen can- 
didates, and once his word was given, lie remained 
in the fray until the polls were closed. Of generous 
impulses, of much personal magnetism, and pos- 
sessed of unbounded ardor, he drew men to hini, 
and even his political foes loveil him for his 
hearted kindnesses. Thoroughly familiar with the 
political features of every section of the county, he 
was looked upon as a man v. ho could lead an appar- 
ently "lost cause" to victory. He was an ar lent 
admirer of James G. Blaine, and in 18S0 \isiied tlie 
Chicago convention to use his influence for his favor- 
ite: in 1884 he was a delegate to the convention tiiat 
nominated the "i'lumed Knight," and great his 
sorrov,- when his ilefeat came in November. 

Socially Mr. Hartman was a great f:ivorite. and 
liis hospitable nature enjoyed the comforts of 
home. He was one of the organizers of the Bay 
(_'lub,. which made several cruises on L"iiesa|)eake 
Ba'.', and has been sorely trussed by the nien;berb. 
From the time of its organizatioii he had beeti ics 
treasmer, and at tlie time of his deatii was engaged 
in making arrangements for its annual celebrati'jn, 
C)nt of respect to his memory tlie club p'Ostpone'l 
indefinitely the intended celebration. The com- 
nuinitv mourned his death as the loss of a good man, 
a kind friend, and an upright citizen, whose place 
could not soon be hlied. 

In 18G7. in Lancaster. 3.!r. Hartman was united 
in marriage, hv Rev. I\lr. GreenewaM. of Triaity 
Church, with ^[iss 2\Iary A. Deichler. This union 
was blessed with the following children: \\'airer 
S., who died at the age of two years; INIikon H., a 
civil engineer, v.dio married Anna Miley; Howard 
S., who is engaged in the tobacco business : Alice 
R.. who married Rev. Elmore L. Wessinger. a Lv.rh- 
eran minister at Sliiremanstown, Pa. ; Clara E, a:id 
Elizabeth O.. both at home ; and Lewis S.. who died 
at the age of eight years. 2^ Irs. Hartman and fainily 
are members of the Lutheran Church. Mr. Hart- 
man did much to help build up the city and the ho;v.e 
he erected on North Duke street, where ids family 
reside, is one of th.e finest houses in the city. 

Maximilian Deichler, father of Mrs. Hartman. 
came with his parents to .:\merica wdien five years of 
age. They settled in Baltimore, Md., and there the 
boy grew to manhood, learned the trade of slioe- 
maker, and married his good wife, Catherine Mes- 
sener. The young couple removed to Lancaster, 
where Mr, Deichler found employment in a shoe 
store, and later engaged in the shoe business for 
himself at the present site of Woolworth's building, 
where he remained until Jiis deatli in 1803. when lie 
was aged sev<£even. His wife died in 1887, at 
tlie age of sixf«"-seven. Tlieir remains rest in Wood- 



ward Hill Cfmcter;,-. jlnth were members of Trin- 
ity Lutheran Lhnrch. Air. and Mrs. Ueichler were 
the parents of ten children. 

JESSE .SCUTT. A prominent and successful 
farmer, as well a? a most estimable citizen of Lan- 
caster county, is Jesse Scott, who was born in ijart 
township, in this same county, June 7, 1843, ^ ^'^'^ 
of John and Alice ( Davis ) Scott. The parents were 
also natives of this coimty. and were born in Cole- 
rain township, the father in ,\pril and his wife in 
Sept., 1806. The mother was a daug-hter of Abner 
and Barbara Davis, a j)ioneer family. 

John and Alice ( Davis t Scott were married 
Jan. 21, 1830, and nine children were horn to ihem. 
Abner and -Margaret died in childhood. Francis, now 
the eldest of the family, was born in 1835, remained 
at home after the death of his father and assistcil in 
the care of the family; he married Miss Rachel 
Rockatield, of this county, and th.ey now with their 
children reside on his farm in Colerain. Jo^epil, 
born Jan. 27, 1837, married .Martha Cilland. of iJart 
townshi[j : they lived for a time in Georgetown, 
where he worked at his trade of wheelwrigrlit, and 
later settled in Bart township on a farm, where he 
died in i8c/'), leaving^ a wile and three children. 
Howard, Leah, and .\Ieta, who still reside on the 
homestead. Sarah E., born in ."September, 1830, is 
the wife of Elani Pickle and they .'■eside in ChestiT 
county. Pa., their ten children bearing these names : 
William, Harr\'. Alice. Frank. Davis, .\nnie. .Amos, 
Aaron, Dora and Blanch. Harvey, bom in June, 
1841, married Miss Sidney Thomas, of this countv, 
and settled on a farm in Sadsbury tov.nship. v.-here 
he remained until his death, in 1889, leaving a wife 
and two sons, Caule>' and Walter. Jesse was the 
seventh child. George, born in 1846, grew up in the 
old home and married Miss Hannah Thompson, of 
Bart township, and they now reside in Georgetown, 
where he is engaged in business. They have two 
children: John andMay, the wife of David Myers, 
of Chester county. Pa. Barbara .A.., born C)ct. 13, 
1850, is the wife of .\lbert Heidelbaugii, of Bart 
township and their seven children are thus named : 
Jessie, Alice, Emma, Clyde, Forest, Earle and Le- 

For a few years John Scott and his wife resided 
in Bart township, but in 1850 Mr. Scott purchased 
the present home farm, with the expectation of pass- 
ing upon it a long and useful life. However, but 
two years had elapsed when he passed out of life, 
leaving his bereaved widow with a family of 
small children to rear. Mr. Scott had been indus- 
trious and had cleared a part of his land, but the 
most of it was heavilv wooded, and a very serious 
future face<l the widow and her family. After due 
consideration, she determined to retain the farm for 
her children, considering that so<:'n her sons would 
be able to manage affairs. In this slie was not dis- 
appointed, as they proved to be affectionate, dutiful 
and industrious children. 

Jefse Scott grew to manliood on tiie old p'.a., 

I and assisted his Ijrothers in its management and ,.:;- 

tivation, and when they married and moved to h.-v. , 

I of their own. he remained in charge uf the farm, '„k- 

j ing care of his mother in her declining years. S!;.- 

I passed awav in 1887, at the age of eightv-t,;;- 

I Through life she has been a thorough Chri>n:,;: 

' woman, and with her husband had been a vi-orth. 

and con>istent member of the Presbyterian Chun;:-. 

at MidtUe Octoraro, in this county, which thev hhn 

helped to found. 

In politics Mr. Scott is a stanch Republican. ;>.'.- 
though his father always voted with the Democratic 
party. For a number of years he lias served as 
I school director and has been interested in all iria;- 
I ters of geiieral interest hi the county, during :;;- 
I long residence there. The oUl h<jmestead is iiS 
I own property, and at the present time he is remociei- 
j ing and renovating it, making it one of the mo--t 
I comfortable and attractive homes of the countv. 
I Mr. Scott has never married. 

i Jes«e Scott is well known and most re- 

spected. His success as a farmer has been note:! 
I in the county, while his adniirabie traits as a man 
have won him the esteem of ail who have come mio 
contact with him. 

ISA.VC S. FUNK was b.-rn Keb. 21, 1845, '^• 
East Hempfield township, Lancaster count}-. 

Manin I-Tmk, father i.if Isaac S., was born \'.\ 
Manor toivnship, Lancaster county, N'ov, 10, lSo^. 
His fatlier died when he was eight years old and he 
was bound out at that age to Abram Aliller, ci 
Manor townsliip, where he lived for eight years. 
He then went to live with his stepfather, John 
Brenenian, of .Manor township, where he made li;< 
home for nearly seven years. He then married Miss 
Elizabeth Shertzer, of Manor township. Xov. 1,1:, 
1835, and commenced farming for Abram Stoner. 
of East Hemptkld township. He continued at 
until 1845. when he removed to Manor township 
and engaged in general work for three years. lie 
then bought tb.e farm where his son Isaac now re- 
sides and remained there until his death, March 31, 
1876, up to that time following farming e.xclusivci^ . 
During the seven years that he lived with his step- 
fa'her he isalked twice to Dayton, Ohio, The tir.-i 
time he waiked all the way home, but on his second 
journey he bought a horse and rode Ivs.'i 
back, aftenvards trading him for a gold watch. IE- 
was a consistent member of the (Jld Mennonite 
Church. He always voted the Democratic ticket 
but never s-Dught an office, I\Ir, and }.ir5, xdartin. 
Funk were the parents of the following children : 
Elias and Ab.'-ani, deceased; Elizabeth, the wife oi 
Le\i (i'.vid, of Conestoga ; Marv S., who died i:i 
childhood; isaac S. : Barbara, deceased; and Char- 
lotta, the wTJi'e of John Henry, of Conestoga. 

Isaac S. Funk remained at home with his father 
until the dtath of th.e latter in 187'i. Tliree years 
afterwards he purchased the farm .'uid has since 



given his entire time ancl attention to its tnanat^e- 
ment. He is a member of the Old 3.Iennonite 
Church and is one of its trustees. Like his father 
he is a member of the Democratic party but the 
onlv office he has ever held was that of assistant as- 
sessor of his township for one term. He married 
Annie, daughter of John \\ arfcl. of Conestoga 
township. They have but one son, .Martin, who 
lives with his parents. 

Mr. Funk owns a farm of ninety-three acres 
which has a magnihcent view of the Susquehanna 
river and is one of the finest places in the county. 
This gentleman is in prosperous circumstances and 
is fully abreast of the times in all his ideas. He is 
greatly respected and is a good substantial citizen. 

THEODORE M. STORE, one of the leading 
business men of New Holland, Pa., conducts in 
this borough a large and prosperous business in 
marble and granite cutting, established by his father, 
and now conducted in association with his two sons, 
under the firm name of T. M. Storb & Sons. 

Theodore Al. Storb conies of excellent parentage, 
his father, Theodore Storb, having been for many 
vears a highly appreciated teacher of languages in 
the schools of Pennsylvania, and later the founder 
of the business which is so ably carried on bv his 
descendants. Theodore Storb, Sr., was born in 
Prussia, in 1794, a son of Plermann Storb, a black- 
smith near Dusscldorf. He came to America at the 
age of twenty-three, landing in Philadelphia, and 
locating first in Lehigh county. Pa., where he mar- 
ried a IMiss Grobb, the children born of this union 
being Albert, of Pottstown, Pa. ; Caroline, deceased ; 
and Augustus and Sarah, who died in childliood, 
3.1rs. Storb also passing away. In iS^r he married 
Elizabeth iM inker, of Berks county, this marriage 
resulting in the birth of : Hannah and Henry, who 
died in childhood; Theodore 1\L. born Aug. 16, 
1835 : Elizabeth, of New Holland ; Alathias, de- 
ceased ; and Amelia, who married David S. 
Schlauch, of New Holland. The father died in 
1S72 and the mother in 18S4. 

The education of Theodore AI. Storb, was re- 
ceived in the excellent schools of Alontgomery 
county, Pa. He came with his father when the lat- 
ter located in New Holland in 1B54. and upon his 
father's death in 1S72 he succeeded to the business, 
since that time greatly extending it and taking into 
partnership his two very capable sons. Lewis AI. 
and Harry K. Air. Storb is a practical man, thor- 
oughly understanding all of the details of his line 
of trade; he has prospered and is now justly re- 
garded as one of the substantial men of the local- 
ity, his name carrying with it financial responsibil- 
ity and business confidence. 

In Oct., i860, Theodore AI. Storb was married 
to Aliss ATary S. Alentzer. of Earl township, a 
daughter of George and Elizabeth (Kurtz) Alentz- 
er, of Lancaster county, and to this union have been 
uorn: Ella, who married Dr. John B. Kohler, of 

New Holland, and has two children — Alary and 
Clara; Lewis AI. and Harrv K., both connected 
with their father in the marble business. Harry K. 
Storb married Alary Lesorc, of New Holland, and 
has two children, Ilenry and Theodore. 

Air. .Storb is a prominent Republican of Earl 
township and occupies a number of iniportaiit po- 
sitions in the comuy, being a ilirector in the Down- 
ingtown and Lancaster Railroad Compan}' ; manager 
of the New Holland Turnpike Road Company ; a di- 
rector in the New Holland Water Co., and also con- 
nected with various other enterprises of minor im- 
portance. He is a member and trustee of Earl 
Lodge, L O. O. F., of New Holland. Air. Storb 
is thoroughly representative, and the type of man 
who has given Lancaster county its prominence in 
the eyes of the business world. 

WILLIAM C. GEIGER, a well-known busi- 
ness man of Ouarryville, Lancaster county, v/as 
born Sept. 29, 1849. "car Baltimore, Aid., son of 
Christopher and Annie (Boates') Geiger. 

Air. Geiger is descended from one of three 
brothers who came to America from Germany and 
settled at (^braltar, Berks county. Of these, An- 
thony bought a tract of land from the Penns. That 
he readied Berks county at least as early as 1735 
is shown by a land warrant issued to him in that 
vear. Ch.ristophcr Geiger, son of i\ntliony, was 
liorn in 1720, married Alary Robeson, and died in 
1805. Elisha Geiger. son of Christopher, was born 
in 1776. He married Alary Jones, daughter of 
Thomas Jones, Jr., and died in 1S21, leaving tv.'o 
sons, Christopher and Elisha, and several daugh- 
ters. Elisha settled in Lancaster county, where he 
died some years ago. Susan died unmarried. Kit- 
ty married a Air. Robinson, wh.o died in Lancaster 
county, leaving his widow and one son. Charles, 
now a retired business man of New Jersey, and one 
daughter, Annie, who married a Air. Polk, and 
moved to Philadelphia. 

At the death of his father Christopher Geiger, 
then a lad of eighteen years, being the eldest, be- 
came the chief support of the family. He con- 
tracted for work on the Reading canal when it was 
building, and after that was manager in a foundry 
at Pottsville, Pa., of which he later became owner, 
conducting the business for some tiir.e and finally 
selling it. He then built a hotel in Pottsville, wdiicli 
he ran for a number of years. About 1837 he mar- 
ried a Aliss Park, of York county, Pa., who died 
shortlv afterward, leaving one daughter. Alary, now 
Airs. Heitshu, of Lancaster, and two sons, Samuel 
and Piiilip, both deceased. In 184S Christopher 
Geiger again married, his second wife being Aliss 
Annie Beates. They located at the Ashland Fur- 
nace, sixteen miles from Baltimore, where Mr. 
Geiger carried on an extensive iron business for a 
number of years, and which he hafl, in partnersliip 
with Philip and Samuel Small, of York county, Pa., 
and Edward and Joseph Patterson, of Baltimore 



(the brothors of Jerome ljon:i]>arte's wife), buill 
in 1S4G. In 1840 ^[r. Geiger ami the Small broth- 
ers had built I^Iauor Furnaces in York county. He 
finally sold out, and moving to Lancaster city en- 
gaged ag.iin in the foundry business at that ])!ace, 
until iSoo. when he sold nut and removed to illair 
furnace. There he purchased a furnace which soon 
afterward was entirely destroyed by tire, entailing 
a serious financial lo?s to Mr. Geiger. Me then re- 
moved to Hollidaysburg, IJlair county, where he 
engaged in furnace work for a year, and then 
moved back to Lancaster, and began operating in 
mines near Knoxvillc. }i[d. This w-as after the con- 
clusion of the Civil war, and about 186S. In 1S70 
he removed to Oaarrvville, and followed mining 
and ore shijiping for several years. In 1884 he 
.built the Sarah Furnace, in Harford county. I\Id., 
which lie operated. He again moved to Lancaster, 
where he lived retired UMti! tlie time of his death, 
in i88g. at the age of eighty years. His wife die<l 
in Lancaster in 1880, leaving a fam.ily of five chil- 
dren : William C, who is the eldest ; Annie, born 
in 185 1, who lives in Lancaster county, and is un- 
married ; Charles, born in Lancaster county in 
1854, and now living at Ouarryvillc, a United 
States Deputy Revenue Collector; Edward, hnrn 
in Lancaster county in 1857, unmarried ami a 
resident of Reading ; and Laura, born in Lancaster 
county in i8f'iO. the wife of P. T. Watt, a general 
merchant of. Lancaster, who' has four children, 
James. Charles, Donald and Laura. 

William C. Gei.ger was reared in Lancaster 
count;^', and obtained his education in the public 
schools. When a young he acted as superin- 
tendent of mines for his father near Ouarrvvilie 
and other places. In 1877 he married I\Irs. Rebecca 
J. Lovett, of an old Lancaster countv family, dangli- 
ter of ^.Ia^tin and Rebecca Fless. ^Irs. Geiger was 
born in Drumore township. July 17, 1856, and after 
growing to young womanhood married William 
Lovett, a business man of Ouarryvilie borough, 
who died shortly after their marriage, and left no 
children. Mr. and ]\Irs. Geiger were located near 
Quarryville. where he engaj^ed in mining and ship- 
ping ore in partnership with the late C. il. Hess. 
After the death of his partner, i\Ir. Geiger contin- 
ued 'the business until iSSg. when he engaged in 
general storekeeping in Ouarryvilie borough for 
three years. In 1876 he was in partner,ship. in a 
general merchandising business, with Charles 
Geiger, where the Hawes Dickinson establishment 
now is. He sold out his store in iSgi. and again 
carried on mining and shipping ore. In 1888 he 
purchased his present home, a fine brick residence 
on Church street, where, in 7895, Mrs. Geiger 
opened a millinery business, which she still carries 
on. Seven children have been born to JNIr. and Mrs. 
Geiger, as follows : \\ illiam F.. born in 1877. was 
educated in the graded schools of the place : he is 
unmarried, and is engaged in the plumbing busi- 
ness. C. Martin, born in 1879, is unmarried, and is 

engaged in business in Lancaster city. Walter ;: 
born in 1S83, travels for his brothers, wlio ';•:.;:■■. 
facture neckwear in Lancaster city. Harry E., b :. 
in 1S83, ii^ -t present of the firm of Geiger Dr. - 
manufacturers of neckwear, Lancaster citv. Cl:.- 
ter A., born in IMarch, 1887, is at present a stu.;. ■ 
in the borough schools. Anna R. was b^'ru in [v.! 
18S9, and JosL-ph Hess was born in 1891. 

In politics Mr. Geiger is a Republican, and '.: 
has held the office of street commissioner of :'.. 
borough. ^Irs. Geiger is an active member of t! 
Reformed Church. Her parents, 2^Iartin L:-:- 
becca Hess, located on a farm in Drumore towns; ■ 
in 1849. }i[r. tiess also kc[)t a hotel in contiect:;:: 
I with his other enterprises. Later he purchase^l -. farm near Ouarryvilie and built a fine brick- 
residence upon it, in which lie resided for abov.t 
thirty-five A'ears. He then purchased a prcpertv ■.-■! 
Ouarryvilie. in which his son-in-law, -Mr. Frit.r. 
now resides. Mr. Hess died while a resident of thc- 
viilage. in 18S7, and his wife died at the familv 
place in 1901. This wortliy couple had one son an i 
four daughters: Abby A., wife of Jacob Fritz: 
Joseph, unmarried: .Susan, wife of Ezra Fritz; Re- 
becca J., Airs. Geiger; and Emma, wife of I. G. Le- 
fever. of (juarr)-vi!le. 

Mr. Geiger is well and favorably known i:^ 
busii'icss circles over the entire county, and is a man 
of fme character and social qualities. Ever read.- 
1.0 help, his advice is frcnuently sought bv vounc: 
men entering life's struggle. Mrs. Gei.ger is a la'!.- 
of fine mental and business abilities, and of kindiv 

WTTMER. Tlie Witmer family is one cf the 

oldest and longest-known in Lancaster countv. It 

is of S\\dss origin, the first .rVmerican prqge::itors. 

John Witmer and Benjamin Witmer, havintr been 

born in Switzerland ; John about the vear 16SS. 

I They were first cousins, and emigrated to America 

i together, in 1716, John bringing his family, cmsist- 

I mg of his wife, Catharine, and two small children. 

1 Elizabeth and Michael, the latter then about two 

I years of age. They came directly within tiie 

I border of the present Lancaster county. Eeniami:! 

located a sliort distance to the eastward of tlie ores- 

ent city of I^ancaster, where he died in 1753, It-avir.:: 

a numlier of children and grandchildren. lie w::> 

I the .grandfather of Abraham Witmer, the originat' v, 

i builder ami proi^rietor of the present stone turn-pike 

I liridge over the Conestoga, east of Lancaster, an.; 

who died in 181S. 

I John Witmer continued beyonrl and settled on a 

I tract of vacant land on a branch of the Little C'lncs- 

toga Creek, three and a half miles west of the pres- 

I ent city, lying on the south side of and adioining 

I what is now known as the Lanca'^ter and Colnnin;.'- 

I turnpike, containing 200 acres and allowance of 

six per cent, for roads and highways, boimded on 

tlie north by tlie lands of Christian Pellma-: an i 

Henry Parr (now A. E. Kready, Flenry Witmer and 



the turnpike aforesaid) ; ou the east by ihe land of 
Andreas ColTnian (now Susan C Krcad}') ; on the 
south by vacant land (now John F. Charles ) : and on 
the west by vacant land and the land of Christian 
Pcllman ( now John F. Charles and A. P.. Kready, 
respective!}-). With the exception of a strip of mead- 
ow along- said stream, the tract was thickly covered 
with timber. He built a small log cabin close to a 
large spriIl,t,^ ne.-T the central part of the tract, and 
worked hard to fell timber, make improvements and 
a scantv living until 1728, when he clicd, k-avin;:;- the 
widow and three children to support thcni'^elves as 
best they could, for he had not yet obtained a title to 
the property, nor paid anything on it. In IJM the 
names of John Witmer, Benjamin Witnier and ]'>en- 
iamin Witn-ier, Jr., were the only Witmer names then 
on the assessmenc list of all the territorv now em- 
braced within the bounds of Lancaster coun.ty, then 
known as Concstogoe, and as a part of Chester cnun- 
ty, then extending westward and northwestward an 
indefinite distance beyond the Sus(iiiehanna river. 
The future town site of Lancaster was at that time 
still covered with timber, with the exception of a 
swamp in the si aithern part, and another in the north- 
eastern part, ani,l a jjortion tlu-reof v.'as stili vacant 
Hand. About this time one George Gibson erected a 
tavern near a large hickory tree, a siiort distance east 
of the present Centre Squartr, alongside of the great 
bighway leading from Piiiiadelphia to \Vright"s 
Ferr\" (now Columbia), and which became knowi-| as 
the '"Hickory Tavern" at Gibson's ]>asturc. K)n Feb. 
26, iJ2q. the first survey of a portion of the bound- 
ary of the present town site «-as made, but was not 
completed until som.etime during 1730, at which time 
the localitv was still known by tlie same name, al- 
though it had dien attained to a small hamlet of about 
two hundred souls. 

The inventory of tiic estate of John Witmer, ap- 
praised Dec. 17, 1728, is on tile in the register's 
office, at West Chester, and contains only the follow- 
ing five items : The improvements of 200 acres of 
land, £34, los. ; a parcel of horses, marcs antl colts, 
-51 ; a cow, calves and sheep, £17, 15s. ; all the honse- 
!":old goods and gears, etc., for tlie plantation, £19, 
7s. ; a parcel of books, 5s. ; total amount, £122, 17s. 

The administrator. Christian Vitty, after settling 
up the estate, married the widow, but died within a 
lew vears ; and, as the records show, the wid.ow then 
made application, and on June 4, 1735. obtained a 
warrant of survey in her own name as the widow of 
*-hristian \ itt_\-, deceased. The land was surveyed, 
tJie survey returnetl, a-pproved and confirmed : and 
nunng the latter jjart of the same year John Penn, 
Kichard Penti and. Thomas Penn, as absolute po'pri- 
et<jrs and governors in chief of the province of r'er.n- 
sylvania. and the counties of Newcastle. Kent and 
•Sussex, in Delaware, executed to her a Patent Deed 
for the said tract, graciously specifying and granting 
'o her therein, among other things, the privilege to 
h'liit, liawk, tish and fowl, on said premises, at all 
ii!".es. Iho consideration moncv therein mentioned 

I is £20 to them in hand i)aid, and the premises siib- 
i jcct to a yearly quit rent of one silver English shii- 
] ling for every hiuidred acres, to be paid annually 
I thereafter, on the first day of Alarch, at the town of 
j Lancaster. Three full and clear tilth j^arts of all 
I Royal iVlines, free from all deductions and reprisals 
i for diggin.g and refining the same, is aiso fully ex- 
: ceptcd and reserved therein. The said deed is dated 
i Nov. 18, 1735, in the ninth year of the reign of King 
I George II. over Great Britain, etc. 
j Of the throe children, Elizabeth married Christian 
! Swartz, and Barbara became the wife of George 
' Kendrick. The son, r^lichael, married Anna Long, 
I aiid on (_)ct, 21, 175 1, a tripartite deed from his 
i mother ami his sisters and their husbands was exe- 
j cnted to him for the said tract of land, the consid- 
eration money for the same mentioned therein being 
now increaseil to £250. the land subject to the same 
reservations as before. The widcnv died in I7()0. (3f 
the daughters and their descendants we give no 
further record. 

Michael Witmer, the son, was an unexcepti'jii- 
able, far-secin.g, hard-working man, endowed \-.ith 
superior rinsincss abilities, and prosjiered far ,'i!j'jve 
and beyond the average farmer of his time and lo- 
cality. The issue of his marriage was five chil- 
dren : John, born in 1750, married Elizabeth , 

and died June 3, 1S17, leaving a widow and nine chii- 
dren : Abraham, born in 1750, tnarried .'^laria 
Swartz, and died Feb, 21, 1826, leaving a widow 
(they never had any chikiren) ; Anna, born -Vug. 
5, 1760, married Jacob l.Cberly, and died as his 
widow Fob. 18, 183 1, leaving six cliiklren (her iius- 
band had died Dec. 2, 1810) ; Mary, born in 1763, 
married Jacob Knopp, and died in 178^, leaving her 
husband and att only child, also named Jacob ; and, born Julv 22, 1753, was twice married. 
and died Jan. 5, 1829. His first wife was Widow 
Barbara Grofi', who was born Oct. 6, 1749, and died 
July 27, 1797. His second wife was ]-)ari.iara 
I Schucker, born Oct. 15, 1779, who died Jan. i, 1862. 
j In and by the last will and testament of Michael 
I Witmer, bearing date Aug. 27, 1789, executed only 
! a few days before his demise, lie bequeathed to his 
j son, John Witnier, a tract of land bordering on the 
I south side of the Mahantango Creek, and on the '.vest 
I side of the SMstiuehanna river, in tlie northeast c^r- 
i ner of what is now Juniata county, containing 2;^2 
j acres, atid allowance of si.x per cent. .\lso, another 
tract adjoining it, Ijut lying on the opposite side of 
the creek, in what is now Snyder county, containing 
130 acres, more or les.s. To his son, Abra- 
ham Wittner, he gave a tract of 150 acres 
and allowance, located at and embracing the 
well-known "J.fcKec's One-Half Falls Hotel" and 
store propertv. fronting along the west shore 
of the Su.sijuchanna river, thirt> -six miles tibove 
Harrisburg, and also in Snyder coiintv >ince 
the division <>i Union, in 1855. To his son. 
Herman Witmer, he gave the original home tract of 
200 acres and allowance, and valued it to him at 



£i,6oo. Tlie daiigiiters, the will sa3-s, lie had previ- 
ously provided for. to some extent, and he gives to 
Anna the balance of her equal share in cash. To hi^ 
grandchiirl. Jacob Knopp. Jr., lie gives £150, to be 
put on interest for him until he arrives of age, and 
then to be paid to him, with the interest. , His wife. 
Anna, he also provided for liberally and far beyond 
her needs, and an itemized list of the various and 
numerous now obsolete articles given to her would 
appear ridiculously strange if inserted into a will 
at the present time. He dierl during the first week 
in September, ijS<). and his widow in the ijcgtiining 
of }.Iarch. 1702. The three sons occupied.- lived and 
died on the respective tracts of land devised to them. 

Herman \\ itmer, in his youth, learned the trade 
of a shocmai<er, which he carrieil on, along witli 
his agricultural pursuits, lor a long time. He was 
an am.ateiir ijlacksmith, cooper and carpenter, and 
did his own blacksmithing, hrirscshocing and 
repairing in tlie line of cimiier and carpenter 
work renuiriMl on the farm. Me also carried 
on a distillery on the farm, as most of the farmers 
did at that time. He was ingenious and inventive, a 
leader in experimenting with and introducing new 
iinplements. machinery and features on the farm 
and in the household. He took great dcligiit in 
pomology, was an expert in grafting, and introduc- 
ing new varieties of fruit, ami at the time fU" his 
deatii there was probably not nnotlier farm in iVlanor 
township containing such an jibundancc and variety 
of fruit, and a!! grafted by his own hands ; and, as 
a noveltv, lie frecinently grafted many varietieii of 
apples and pears promiscuously on the same tree. 
He was an industrious and persevering reader, and 
a well-informed man. and at the time of his death 
had accumulated quite an extensive library of •^Kxik.i, 
mostly in the Cernian language, and on one of the 
fly-leaves at the end of many of the volumes he left a 
memorandum in his own iiandwriting, stating that 
lie had read the b:X)k through, and ex()rc3sing his 
opinion of the contents. 

By his first wife Herman W'itnier liad one son. 
Dr. Johi: Witmer. born May 10. 17S5. wlio married 
Anna Haer. and died Dec. 14, 1847, leaving a widow 
and nine children. His widow was bom Nov. 24. 
1789, and died 2^fav 31, 1854. I'y his second wife 
Herman \\'itmer had two children. Jacob S. and 
Elizabeth. Hie latter was born Dec. 25, 1813, be- 
came the wife of Daniel Graybill, a fanner of East 
Hempfield township, atul died Dec. 21, 1885, leaving 
a husband and fi-.-e children— -Magdalena (wife of 
Daniel Kreiderl. Herman W'.. Amos. Benjamin aiul 
David W. The husband atul father died C>ct. 29, 

Herman W inner ilividetl hia land, the 2iX)-acrc 
tract, during his lifetime, between liis two sons, giv- 
ing to John a little the larger porticm. Although 
having suffered a heavy loss through a loan and en- 
dorsement for an unworthy friend, he was still suf- 
ficiently prosperous to leave, at the time of his death. 

! cash and securities sufficient to give to the dauglucr. 

' Elizabetli. an ec[ual share in money. 

; Jacob S. Witmer, son of Henuan, was born ';■.!•. 

It, 1S04. He married Mary, oldest d;ui<;-hrer •• 
( .\liraham and lilizabeth Rohrer. of .Manor townsliii 
j on May 30, 1826. She was born Aug. 15, 1802, an i 
! died Aug. 23, 1877. To them were born ten ciiii- 
I dren — five sons and five daughters. He carried ■>-. 
i farming nearly all his lifetime. In 1S37 he si.i; 
i his Dortion of the original farm to his half-brother. 
, Dr. John Witmer, and purchased another farm. ir. 

ihe western jiart of the township, which he occuniL-^'. 
; until 1S03, when he sold it also and retired to priva".' 
i life in the village of Millersvilie until after the deati; 
i i.>f his wife, \^ hen he made his home with his so:i. 

A. R. Witmer. during the remainder of his life. H • 
I was a man of strict integrit\', of a kindly dispositio-i, 
• a relial)le and helpful friend to the poor, ever willir.-: 
I and ready to do a favor, even when against liis o\vi\ 

interest, and therein' v.'as often inijiosed on, and suf- 
' fered numerous financial losses in consequence. H<; 
I possess'^ci good business abilities, and was very ac- 
' curate uid methodical in all business matters, asri 

settled u|.> more decedents' estates, as executor aivi 

adminisrrator, than any other person in his sectioi; 

of Manor towiishi]). He was assessor and a school 

director of Manor township for many years. Hi. 

.dso held the offices of prison inspector and couiiiv 

and townsliip auditor, but was never a professional 

■ politician. 

It n;ay not i)c <^ut of i)lace to remark that all tliv: 

members of this ^\'itmcr familv, from tlie Swiss pro- 

/jenitor down to the jjresent time, always voted the 

Kepulilican ticket, or what had [ireviously been it.-: 

; equivalent. Jacoi) S. Witmer was a good penman. 

i a very rajtirl writer, and very industrious reader, b"t 

i never a devoted student. He died March 12, U-^Y'. 

I Of the ten children. Elizabeth, born Aug. 17. 

j 1828, was married .March 16, i84g, to Joseph 

j .S. Berger, a son of Philip Berger, of Manor towr.- 

i ship. In 1865 they moved to Canton, Ohio, wher-' 

! they and their children still reside. Henry R. V.'it- 

I mer, born .\pril (■>, 1830, married, Nov. 25, 1852. 

■ Fanny Kindig, a daughter of John Kindig, of .Manor 
township, and in 18O6 moved to Canton, Ohio, au': 

i a few' years later from thence to Jasper county, Iowa. 
; where he died March 30, 1899. His widow and ciu.- 
i dren still reside there. Anna was born Nov. 14- 

1831, and on Dec. 27, 1863, was married to 
; uel S. b'rey, of Manor township. In 1865 rho^ 
1 moved to Jasper county, Iowa, where he died Oci. 

14, 1901. His widow and two sons still survive. 

■ Jacob R. \\''itmcr was born Dec. 29, 1833, and, after 
: returning Irom the war for the Union, became ;'■ 

resident of Jasper county, Iowa, and there, on July 
! 4, 1869. married Elizabeth Kindig, a daughter o: 

John Kindig, of the same place. .She died he!'- 
I 6, 1900. Himself and children still reside tlier'. 

nenjamui R. Witmer was lK>rii March i(). 1S35. nu'! 
: on Dec. 2;\, if^sCi. married Catharine Kauftman. ••- 




,!,iur;hler oi Isaac Kaiifinian, of Manor township. 
He iocatc'l in Alillersville. and died tliere Feb. 27. 
upi. TIic widow and several of the children !>ti!I 
reside there. J\Iary was horri Jnl_\- 2S. 1S36, was mar- 
ried to ]\Iichael R. Shank Oct. 28. 1S56, and becan-.e 
the mother of fourteen children. They and sonic 
of the ch-ildren reside in the city of Lancaster. Bar- 
bara was born Feb. 3, 1S39. v,-as married Dec. 24. 
1871, to Dr. John A. Kno.x. of Jasper county, Iowa, 
and died there May 19, 1S73, survived by her hus- 
band, but no children. Lydia was born June 7, 184T, 
was never married, and has her home with her 
brother, A. R. Witmxr. Daniel L. Witmer, the 
youngest of the family, was l)orn Sept. 27, 1S45, and 
Dec. 21, 1869, married Esther Witmer, yonngrcst 
daughter of Jacob, Sr., of ]\Ianor township. 
He died Jan. 21, 1S82. Kis widow and several of 
the cliildren reside in .Millersviile. Jacob, Ronja- 
■nin and Daniel, of this lartre fasnily, enlisted in the 
I'nion army and served during the war of the Re- 

Abraham R. Witmer, tlic eldest of this 
family of children, was l>orn April 12. 1827. 
and raised on a farm, where he was tied 
down to liard work until he was eighteen, 
and up tc that tune had but once enjoyed the pleasure 
of getting i)eyond fifteen miles from home. His early 
educational advantages were those of the public 
,^choo!s, such as they were in the rural districts from 
iixtv to seventy years ago, arid he was never favored 
with admittance to any otlier. Rut he was rcmark- 
::bly str.dious at liome, taking more pleasure in read- 
ing and study than in play, and tluis iniproveil nianv 
an hour snatclicd from the ceaseless drudgery of the 
farm. Se^xral years before quitting school he had 
<jutstrippcd every otlier pupil in it, regardless of 
age or size. In 1846 the sch.ool board of Manor 
township tendered him a school, which lie accepted, 
and taugiit seven winter terms within the township, 
to the satisfaction of the board and patrons. During 
his last term he made arrangements with a cb.ance ac- 
<(uaintance of a few years before to take up the siutly 
and practice of surveying with liim. at Williams- 
ville, Erie Co., N. Y. ; and, at the close of his school, 
went thither, remained a year and a half, and then 
returned to his old neighborhood, near Safe Ilar- 
Ixjr, in Manor township, where he purchased sixteen 
<icres of land, cut oil from a fami, whereon he built 
u comfortable home which he still occupies, and com- 
menced housekeeping, having been married iust 
previously to making the New York State arrange- 
ment, a'ld taken his wife along to board with him in 
the family of his employer and instructor. He soon 
iKcame very successful in his new line of business, 
embracing surveying, scrivening and clerking of pub- 
lic sales of real and personal property, along with 
farming on a small scale. 

A few years later lie was elected assessor of 
^fanor township, and serverl four years. In 1862 
'le was elected a. justice of the peace of Manor town- 
ship, and has been re-elected everv term since, and 

ilill hoUIs the orYice, with, jirobably, less costs to the 
county than any other justice in it — his official fees 
in all the cases returned to court during forty years 
not yet amounting to one hundred dollars. In 1863 
he was elected county sm-veyor, and held the office 
nine years. He rdso served as deputy coroner over 
]\Ianor. Conestoga and Martic townships for nine 

While teaching his winter term of 1S51-52 Mr. 
^\'itmer took up the science of phonography, or 
ihort-hand writings studying from text-books en the 
su.bject. without a single lesson from a teacher, 
'jhere v,-as then but one system, Renjamin Pitman's, 
and it was not taught outside of the larger cities, and 
v,-as then something new and unheard 01 in the rural 
districts As he was then boarding at a country 
tavern, where the voung men of the neighborhood 
congregated nearly cverv evening to enjoy thmselves 
jilaying cards and dominoes and teasing him for 
Vi'asting his time in studying nonsense, as they 
termed it, msteatl of joining in with them, his bar- 
100m studies received many interruptions, but, heed- 
less of tlieir sneers anil gibes, in due course of time 
he mastered the system to his .satisfaction. In 1853 
he commenced keeping a diary of the tlaily e\enls of 
the neigliborhood, of his i>iisiness, incomes and ex- 
])cnies, state of the weather, and many other ihiugs. 
and which he has kept uf) without missing a dav 
up to tlie present time , and all written ia short-hatid, 
and wdtii -pccial care to write plainly rather than 
speedily. All his diaries, from first to last, now fifty 
in number, are moiiels of neatness and accuracy, and 
carefully preserved. 

Being fond of tr;i\el. after several .shorter excur- 
sions, Mr. Witmer made iiis first tour to the Western 
country in the spring ca 1840, leaving Lancaster with 
fwo trunks full of a miscellaneous assortment of 
books, to sell along the ^vay to pay expenses. He 
traveled mostly by canal, along up the .Susquehanna 
and west branch, and in course of time reached Pitts- 
burg, where he replenished his stock, and started 
down the Ohio by steamboat, with less than a dollar 
in his pocket. On leaving Cincinnati he tixtk passage 
aboard a White Water Canal Packet to Cambridge 
Citv, Indiana. By the time he arrived there he had 
learned that in order to sell books with success he 
was obliged to either strain the truth or not tell it 
all, and thereby became disgusted with the business, 
boxed up the few remaining volumes on hand, and 
shipped them back home l)y freight. Making in- 
quir\-, he soon found a three weeks' job of honest 
work at sawing and splitting coojier stuff in tlte 
woods, and then a month's wiirk at having, harvest- 
ing and threshing on a farm, movv'ing grass with the 
scythe, and raking and binding wheat after a cradle. 
After a visit to Hamilton and Tipton counties he 
bought a pair of horses and rode all the way back 
home from Indianapolis, over 60:) miles, on horse- 
back, arriving a few days in advance of t'ne appointed 
time to take cb.arge of his sciiool. 

His second tour he made in the spring of 1B51, 



extending it beyond tlie Mississippi, where the most 
reliable mode of travel then was by going afoot and 
lugging your baggage on your hack, as there was 
then not a mile of railroad west of the great river, 
nor a single bridge across it anywhere. After 
trudging over 250 miles afoot over the sparsely 
settled western prairies of Iowa and Illinois, 
he returned to Indiana, purchased three horses 
and rode all the way back home on horseback, 
a second time. Since then he lias been ni every State 
and Territory in the Union with the exception of 
South Dakota : also in }iIeSico, British Columbia, 
the Klondike and headwaters of the Yukon, Ontario 
and Quebec, .\mong the endless variety of grand 
scenery abounding within the United States which 
he has visited and described in his numerous letters 
of correspondence for publication in TJic .Vt'tc Era 
and other Lancaster papers, are the Falls of Niagara : 
the White 2\Iountains of Xew Hampshire ; the Xat- 
ural Eridge of Virginia ; the Caverns of I,uray ; 
Pike's Peak, on the top of wiiich he spent a night, 
nearly three miles above sea level; the Yellov/stone 
National Park, spending a week therein ; the Grand 
Canyon of the Colorado, and the l,\-trified Forest 
of Ari.zona; the Yosemite Yalley and the Mariposa 
Grove of Lig Trees in California ; the Garden of the 
Gods in Colorado ; the Barl Lands Region of Deso- 
lation in the Western part of North Dakota ; the pic- 
tured rocks along the south shore of Lake SuneriiT: 
and many other places of wonderful interest. 

IMr. Witmer has visited and become familiar with 
nearlv all the large cities of the L'niteil States and 
British .Vmerica, including Sitka, Juneau. Skagu-ay 
and other small, Init important, towns in Alaska. 
He has visited the extensive copper mines of Lake , 
Superior; the Treadwell Gold I\Jine. the largest in 
-Vlaska ; the Sweet W ater Dam, ninety feet in heigh.t, 
and the Tuolumne Dam, loi feet in height, both in 
("alifornia, and Iniilt at enormous expense for irri- 
gation jiurposes ; the Lick Observatory on top of 
-\iount ILamiiton, -mounted with the monster tele- 
scope, 50-4 feet in length, through which he peered 
into the crater of an extinct volcano on the surface ! 
of the moon : the great Brooklyn bridge ; the steel 
arch bric'ge across the Mississippi at St, Louis ; and 
the steel tubular bridge across tlie St. Lawrence, at 
Montrca!, v.htch are stupenrlous works of ingenious 
mechanical engineering skill, and he has spent hours 
at a time in viewing each of them from different 
lK)ints of vantage. 

He has traveled afoot, on horseback, stage- 
coach, prairie schooner, canal packet, river, lake and 
ocean st.\Tiner ; by steamer on the Hudson, the Po- 
tomac, the St. John's, the Oklawaha, the Niagara, 
the St. Lawrence, the Ohio, the Mississippi, the Illi- 
nois, the Columbia. Puget Sound, Long Island 
Sound, all the Great Lakes and several coast lines 
on the .Atlantic and Pacific, 

Mr. ^^"ilmer has always keep strict account of all 
his business matters. Also a complete record of 
the leading lines oi his scrivcning, clerking, survev- 

■ ing, and. among other things, he has written i;. 
wills, nearlv 1,400 deeds and mortga.ges, and clerkc' 
witiiout assistance 784 public sales of real estate av 
personal property. He has also :>ettled up twentv- 
lour estates as executor, administrator and assicT-.,, 
of the same ; and was appointed and served as ^"uar- 
dian for quite a number of minor children. He i- 
and always has been, strictly temperate in his h.-iLi:- 
and has never used intoxicants nor tobacco m an-. 
form. Lie says he has been trying for years past :■■ 
get out of business, but finds it is nou" more difficf'- 
to get out of it than it was to get in. 

Mr. Witmcr was married Dec. 16, 1S52, to Vam-.v 
Buckwalter, a daughter of Jacob and Fannv Ij.uc'k- 
walter, of 3i{anor township. She was bornA-sr. -. 
1827, and died July 31, 1887. To tliem were 'corr. 
five children, the second and third of v,-hich die:; 
in infancy. The eldest. Annie B. Witmer, v,-as bcv. 
Dec. 22. 1S3.-;. and Oct. 24. 1S76, was married r 
Henry G. \Vittmer, a son of John Wittmer, Sr., :.. 
farmer of near Blue Rock, in Manor township. T:. 
them was born an only child, Clara W., or. 
Oct. 31, 1890. They acquired one of the severu', 
farms of his father, on which they reside, and CJ.h-.- 
vate the same. Ellen B. Witmer was born Se{~t. .^.r 
1862, remains unmarried, and has her home wuli he;- 
sister, Annie. She is greatly interested in. and dc- 
\'oies much of her lime and aid to chnrcli, mi =5:01-- 
ury and Sunday-scjiool work. .Mien E. Wi::-.-!,:;. 
born Nov. 28, 1865, married Bertha Ste:ge!n:an. ;. 
daughter of Jolm .Steigelman, late of }iIanor towr.- 
ship, deceased. He carries on a general store a: 
}iIasonville. and is jio'^tmaster of Letort. at the sanv: 
place. To them have been born three chilcre:-.. 
Charles M. Witmer, on Jan. 31, iSor ; Tifary S. Wit- 
mer, on June 22, 1892 ; and A.da E. Witmer, on Oc:. 
6, 1901. The latter died Alarch i, 1902, 

who for many years snccessfuliy conducted the "De'- 
monico,"' the well-known hotel on Center Square. 
Lancaster, and at the same time carried on classus 
for r'ancing and dcportm.ent, was born in Strashurg. 
Lancaster Co., Pa., Sept i, 1854. 

Mr. Hall was a son of Carpenter and Eliz^lv.:'- 
(Treen) Hall, of Strasburg, who removed to La':- 
caster when E.dvvard C. was a small boy. They hr. . 
a family of eight children, as follows : Abra::". <- ■ 
and Joseph, both residents of Canton, Ohio: Johv 
F., in ^iassiilon, Ohio; Edward C, whose nan'^ 
introduces this sketch; and Harry, Al'oert, M:s- 
Ella and Ida ('wife of George Swain j. all four re.-'- 
dents of Lancaster, 

After following viirious occupations F.dwarii <• • 
Flail engaged in the hotel and cafe business, v. hic'.-. 
he carried on with marked success for sixteen yeav- 
or more, his place of business being known as ti--. 
"Delmonico."' F'or eighteen }-ears, ably assisted b' 
-Mrs. Hall, he conducted dancing classes, wlr.cli :'•• 
their day were the most popular in Lancaster, recci'- - 
ing the |)a'-ronage of the best people of t^c citv. M"'- 





Hall died Dec. 6, 1899, at the age of forty-five }cars, 

i;i the prime of hfe, and so popular and b.ighly es- 
soined was he tliat it seemed. as if the entire city 

.TLcnded his funeral to pay the last sad tribute of 
-tccni and regard. lie v/as a Kniglit Templar 

■Jason, a member of the Knights of Pytliias. Knights 
•I the Golden Eagle, Knights of Malta, and Arti- 

.-:ins. In politics he was a Democrat. 

In 1S75 Mr. Hall was married to Miss .Sarah 
latilda Afflebach, daughter of the late Daniel .Atiie- 

:.acli,. \vho belcngeil to an old and well known fanulv 

■ : this section. He died just ten weeks after tlie 

■ lecease of ^Ir. Hall. To this union were born four 

■ hiklrei', as follows: IMiss ]\Iabc! Gray, living at 
;:ome; Charles Willison, Vvdio is learning th.e jewel- 
er's trade with L. C. Rcisncr & Co. ; Walter Daniel, 
.■^tending Yeatcs Institute ; and Reah Baker, also at 

Mrs. Hall bravely took hold of the ^'ork her lius- 
'und had laid down, rind the 'l^Linionico" is kept 
lallv up to the high popular standard it has all along 

GYRUS D. STAT;FFER. A proiuiiieiu mem- 
hor of one of the old Lai!cai-:ter county families 
■vhich has long been noted for those qualities v/hich 
nave given this localit}' its higli standing, is Cyrus 
D. Stauffcr, now a retired farmer of W'v-^st Donegal 
township, in the outskirts of Eli^abot!;tov,"ii, where 
he erected his tine brick mansion in iS>)3. 

Cyrus D. StauiYcr wa^; born ilay 21. i:?4j;, son 
of Samuel K. and Mary (h)ieffcn(ti.rfi.;r ) Stauffer. 
of Mt. Jo} tovvnshij). The turmrr died in TS95. in 
East Donegal township, aged oighty-onc years, and 
his widow survived three years, d\ing at the age 
•'f seventy-tn'e. botii ]j<:ing buried in Bossier's 
-Vleeting House cemetery, in West T'onc^al town- 
-liip. For a decade prior to his deathi. he lived a 
retired life. Both lie :uid iiis wife helriiged to the 
Old ileniiouite Cliurch. Their cliiliren v.-ere as 
lollows: Aaron D., a retired farmer in East Done- 
Z^l township; Cyrus I).: and Samuel D., a prom- 
inent resident of Lancaster'. 

On .Sept. 20, ;S6n, at tiio home of the bride, in 
'■\ est Donegal tov\-nship, Cyrus D. Staurfcr v/as 
■luirried to Miss Susan E. Hci^cv, and the children 
'■'Tn to this union were: i^l. Grace, v.ho married 
!enjamin F. Hofl'man. of Coiioy tov.nship : Dora 
M., who married R. S. Buch, a manufacturer of 
'■^lizabethtown : Irvin H.. wh<-.. is the teller in the 
_i'-xchange Bank, in Elizabctlitown : Katie H., at 
•";"nie; and Alary, Paul H. and Abnor H.. who ail 
died young. 

Mrs. Stauffer was borit ]M.-i:,- 9, 1845. '" West 
• ^negal tov/nship, daughter of Henry B, and Cath- 
erine (Woigemuth) Hciscy, both i;f who/n v.xre 
iwrn in JMt. J03- township, bur di.'d in \\"e5t Donc- 
>'il. where Mr. Hciscy was a farmer in his earlier 
!'^"2rs, and where he lived for thirty years ;)rior to 
his death in retirement from activity of that kind. 
"e died in 1K95 at the age of oighty-seven. his wife 

having died in iScp. when seventy- four years old. 
Be^th were buried in TMeasant Hill cemetery, in West 
Dcaicgal township. The,- were most estimable. 
Christian people, devoted members of the River 
Brethren Church. 

L'ntil 1S93 Cyrus D. Staiitt'er continued to farm 
the rild homestead, during \\-hich time every part 
of his domain was kept up to its full measure of 
capacity, winning for 3.1r. Stauffer the reputation 
of being one of tiie best farmers in his locality. 
For Several terms 3i[r. .Stauffer served V\ est Don- 
egal township on its school board. He belongs to 
the Brethren in Christ Church and is a man hig'nlv 
respected by all who know him. 

Ir\'jn- H. .Stauffer, teller in the Exchange 
15ank. of Elizabcthtown, Pa., was born Sept. 25, 
1S70. in West Donegal township. His education 
was acquired in the common schools and until he 
was se\enteen years of age, h.e assisted his father 
on the farm. As he advanced to early manhood, 
the restrictions of rural life and the limited oppor- 
tunities for development of business ability, caused 
him to seek a position as clerk in Lancaster. For 
a year and a half he clerked in a clothing store in city, but desirin.g to perfect himself in the 
Iiigher branches of kiioudedgc. lie resigned this po- 
sition and became a sttulent at the }diHcrsville 
.State Normal .'^choi.I. There he took two courses, 
ret;irning home in the spring of i!?9o, in time to 
accept the responsible ;)lacc offered iiini of teller 
m tiie Exchange Bank, in Elizabethtov.-n. In this 
position hiC has made a record for faithful service 
and is hi direct line of ijromotion, possessing every 
qualification for a successful financial career. He 
takes an intelligent interest in jiolitics, belongs to 
the Republican partv and is ].iromiiient in social life. 
He is a member of Christ's Refijrmed Church, is 
one of its liberal sujiporters anrl a jiromotcr of 
cvcrv 'A'orthy enterprise in his community. 

<>a Xi)v. 27, rcjoi. he was married to Miss Cora 
3.IcAllistcr. flaughtcr of Jacob and Barbara (Grci- 
der") ?»Ic.\llister. of Pe([uca township. She was 
born July 5. 1S73. 

DANIEL ZDIMERIM.VN. Anion- the re- 
spected and substantial farmer-citizens of West > 
Earl township, is Daniel Zimmerman, who resides 
in great comfort uiion his fine farm of seventy- 
three acres, located about one mile from the village 
of A\'est Earl. 

Daniel Zimmerman was born Dec. 25. 1846, a 
son of Emanuel and iMary (Stauffer) Zimmer- 
man, the former of \\hom was well known as a good 
farmer and wortln- citizen. The family of Eman- 
uel and Mary Zimmerman numbered nine children, 
tlicse being: David, deceased; Jacob, a farmer of 
Earl township: Daniel; Samuel, a farmer of Earl; 
Annie, the wife of Samuel Abot. a farmer of Earl ; 
Elizabeth, the wife of Jacob Horst. an Ear! farmer; 
Mary, the wife of John Good, of West Earl; Lyilia, 
at home; and one child who died young. Mr. Zim- 



merman was born in iSj^ and died in 1895, wh.ile 
liis wife was horn in 1822. and died in i8y2. The 
grandfather of Daniel was Christian Zimmennan, 
a man of means in his day, whose ancestors came 
to America from Germany, and he and his wife 
reared a family of ten chi!(h"en : John. Cliristian, 
David, Jacob, ^Martin, E]izabi_'th. Barijara, Susan, 
Emanuel and Peter. 

Daniel Zimmerman was reared on the farm and 
all his life lias taken a great iiitcrest in aQfriculture. 
His ])rescnt farm c;ives every evidence of eood man- 
agement, for his buddings are of the best construc- 
tion and all of the other improvements tlioroujiiiy 
modern. Mr. Zimmerman was educated in tiio nub- 
lic schools, and he has supplemented this with read- 
ing, so that he is one of tiic intelliqvnt aii'l progres- 
sive men of the township. 

Daniel Zimmerman was ntarried in 1S70 tri ?iris> 
Annie Erb. a daughter of Jacob L. and Elizabotli 
(Groff j Erb. of West Earl township, and this union 
has been Lilcsscd with two sons and tu-o daucrliters: 
Benjamin, a farmer of West i/lar) ; -Martin, who re- 
sides at honu:: Alary, the wife of Christian Kisser. 
of Clay towu'ihip ; and Elizabeth, the wiic of Will- 
iam Good, of ^Vest Ear! towi.ship. 

In ;ioiitics. Air. Zimn.iermari is a staunch R;^- 
puljlican : and he is a consistent member of tlic 
Alennonite (_'hurch. His persona! chanicter is hlo;]:. 
and he enjoys the esteein of the uhule community. 

SIAION DENLExCiER, a retired fanner of 
Leacock township, and nnc of ihe most higlilv es- 
teemed and upright residents of that community, 
was l)orn in Paradise township, Oct. 23, 184". a snn 
of John rind Alary (Briibaker) Denlinger. His fa- 
ther was bom in Paradise township, and his mother 
in West Henipficld. The father, who was a farmer 
all his life, died in 1805, at the age of seventy-nine 
vears, his wife having passed to hor reward tv.'o 
years previously, at tiie age nf scvcnty-eiglit. The 
remains of both are resting in the Hess cemetery, of 
Salisbury township. Afr. E)enlingcr had retained 
his physical abilities to sucli an extent tiiat he had 
been retired only .-ix ye.ars before his death. He 
and his wife \vere members of the AIeni;on;ie 

To Afr. and Airs. Jc.ihn Denlinger Avere born the 
following children:, v.dio died young: Bar- 
bara and John, both unmarried, and living on the 
old farm; Lizzie, who is the widow of Elias Lea- 
man, and has her home in Intercourse, Pa. ; Samuel, 
a retired fanner in Paradise township : Elias, a re- 
tired farmer in Salisbury tov.-nship : Simon : Jacob ; 
Alary, wife of H. E. Alusser. of Paradise. Pa.. 
whose sketch may lie founil elscv.diere ; ToHias. of 
whom a sketch is giveii elsewdiere. died in TSf)S; 
Christiann, married to Henry Herslicv. of Inter- 
cour.'SC, Pa.: I:"valine, wife of E. H. Hostctter, liv- 
ing in Leacock towtisliip. 

Simon Denlinger v.'as married Nov. 24. 1870, 
in Paradise township, to /wina Alary Lcaman, hv 

whom he became the father of the following fam- 
ily: Noah B.; a farnier. and engaged in the culti- 
-v-ation of the old Denlinger homestead and niarrieci 
to Hannah Eby ; Lehman J., a farmer in Leacock 
township, wlio married Emma Ploover. and with 
whom Air. Denlinger makes his home: Jason, wlu' 
died in infancy; Plarry. living on the old hoiTiestean. 
with his brother Noah. 

Airs. Anna M. Denlinger was born iti Leacnci; 
township, Alarch 14, 185 1, and died Aug. 10. iboj. 
Her remains rest in the Hess cemetery. Saiisbiir-, 
township. She was the daughter of Jacob an:. 
Lydia ( Buckwaiter) Leaman, both of Lancastc:- 
county. They were tlie parents of the following- 
children : Catherine, who is the widow of John 
Kreidcr. and resides in Paradise township: Susar, 
married to Epjiraim Hershe}-. of Salislnirx- town- 
ship : Elam, a farmer in Leacock townsliip. ma:-- 
ricd to Alina Landis : Jacob, a farmer in LeacocI: 
township, who married -Vnnie Herslicy : _\nna M.. 
the wife of Air. Denlinger; Erank. of ( l<.irdonvilk. 
Pa., married to Ida He^she^• ; Jizra. a cigar bo?: 
manufacturer in Paradise township, married tr 
("rrace Ilunsecker. The father. Jacob Leaman. ;: 
farmer, died and his widoAv married Albert befier,- 
baiigli, registrar of will.s at Greenland. I'ennsvl- 

Air. Denlin.ger remained with his |)art.nis vnu' 
his marriage, wlien he began farming in ilemnfie!'; 
. township, in which he was engaged ele'\X!i '.'ear.-. 
At the end of that period he removed to a fpr:n ir. 
Paradise township, on whicli he Vv-as located unti: 
iiS(>8, when he retired, and came to live with his snv.. 
Both he and his -wife -were members of the Alennoii- 
:te Church ; in his jiolitics he is a Republican. 

AAIOS P. SAHTfl. Among the honorable aiu! 

I rcsi^ected farmers of Drumore tcjwnship is Avne.- 

; P. Smith, who resides on liis fine farm of t F5 aco.-^ . 

i situated less than a mile from I'airneld. Pa. Air. 

Smith was a grandson of Joseph .^mitli. wh'~) wa- 

a native of Chester county. Pa., coming in Lanca.-- 

ter county when a young man. Th.ere he marrii.' 

Tracy Shoemaker, of E>rumoro to-wnshiiv who v.t.- 

born in tSo6, he being five vears her senior, arr' 

: thev had a family of four children v.dio grev,- to ti;;-- 

i turity : Rachel, a resident of Drumore township : 

' George and Amos, twins : and Ellen W.. whf.i is tl'.'; 

' wife of Hon. William iJrosius. a member "f ti'- 

[ Legislature from this district, more extcnfle<l ine:> 

! tion of whom may be found elsewhere. 

George .Smith, the father of Amos P.. v,a> boni 
j in 182", and married Emily Tennis, vidio wa> bi;;'- 
i iri 1826. They were married in T848 and rea:" 
; four cJiildren : Amos P.. who was born '')cc. - 
' 1840; Annie AL, born J-'eh. 15. 1852, wife of ( rari. 
■ ner Crawford, of Perrvville. Aid.; Oerritt. hvn- 
i Oct. 17, 1S57, who resides on tiic old home pl.^c^- 
I and whose biography appears in this work ; aiii- 
I Ellsworth, born Sept. 6. i86(. who died while -tv- 
' a young inan. 



Amos P. Smith was niarrieu on Dec. 5. 1S71, 
; , Lvdia S. Lamborn, who was a daughtt-r of 
Sir.cil'lev and Marsfaret ( Uolton ) Lamborn, of Mar- 
t;c townsliip. She was born (Jet. j<j, 1S51. This 
ir.arriaye has been blessed with these children : 
idlswurth W., bom Nov. z'j, 1877. ^t home, iinniar- 
rxA: Eva May, born Jan. 2, 1882; Edna R.. June 
14. 1884; Emeline T., (Jet. 24, iS^o; Joseph E., 
!an. 4. 1890; and Ijeorge A., .Sept. 22, 1892. 

Mrs. Smith was reared in a faniii\- oi ten chil- 

■ 'ren, as follows: George S., of Alartic town.-.hip : 
Aiiuilla B., of Britain township •."' Emeline, the wife 
,.f Joseph Shoemaker, of Drnmore township: Ell- 
V uod, deceased ; William, deceased ; Hilary E., the 
Aife of Thomas E. Hambleton, a merchant of Fern- 
i.'ien, whose sketch appears elsewhere ; .Sarah E., 
:he wife of Jacob K. Brown, of Fulton township, 
whose sketch is a part of this volume: Alice, tlie 
wife of William L. Shoemaker, of Fulton town- 
diip, whose sketch also appears; Lueinda, the wife 

■ f Benjamin F. Tennis; and Lydia S., the wife of 
Mr. Smith. 

The fine, well-improved farm vvliich is now the 
inime of Mr. Smith and his family was purchased 
\)\ him in i8i>9, and is one of the most desirable 
properties in this county. It is under excellent cid- 
"ivation, while the attractive residence, commodious 
l-iarns, fruitful orchards and complete fencing, show 
diat Mr. Smith is a very capal)le manager of it all. 

-Mr. Smith is a Republican in jjolitics, although 
;n no way a politician, and both he and his wife 
n'.anifest a great interest in the welfare of the local- 
ity. As he was reared, so he has continued, a coii- 
■•;.-tent and worthy member of the Societv of 
i- riends. He has taken a groat interest in the work- 
:ngs of the W. C. T. U., believing it to be a great 
''■oral factor, and liis daughter Eva is the secretary 
•if the Union at Fairfield. This is one of the truly 
representative families of Drumore township. 

JOSEPH H. BEILER. Among the passen- 
gers on the ship, the "Charming Polly," which 
-:tiled from Rotterdam and landed its cargo at Phil- 
■idelphia. Pa., on (Dct. 8, 1737, was one Jacob Beiler. 
■'. iio bought land in eastern Pennsylvania and reared 
■■'■ere a family. His son. Christopher S., was a res- 

■ -ent of Chester county, as was also his son, Chris- 
■';in. The next in line was John, who was a son of 
' 'iristian and he was the grandfather of our sub- 
.'■■■^■t. Joseph H. Beiler, of Upper Leacock township. 

'1 Lancaster county. 

John P.ciler was born in East Lampeter town- 

"n> and married Elizabeth Lapp. They were farm- 

•;_•; people and members of the (Did Mennonite 
^ :i;irch. John Reiler died in I'nion county, Pa., in 
'^'■-S at the age of eighty-six years, but his widow 
■•■'vived until 1877, dxing at the liome of one of her 

' ''dren, in I'pper Leacock township, at the age of 
' 'vhty-four years. 

l>cacon John L. P.eiler, son of Jolm Beiler, was 

' J"'! m Lancaster count v and was about two vears ' 

old when his parents removed to JMilihn countv, 
where he married and remaitied until 1854, when 
he returned to Lancaster countv and located on a 
farm in East Lampeter township. There he died 
in 1892, aged seventy-hve years, six months and 
three da_\s. Tlie mother of our subject was born m 
-Miiiiin county and lived until 1874, dying at the age 
of fifty-four. They lie side by side in the old bury- 
ing ground known as Rancks, in East Lampeter 
tow-nshi]). Both were pious and worthv members 
of the Amish order of the Mennonite Churcii. 
From i8(v'_) to his death, in iSg2, John L. Beiler lieid 
tiie honorable oltice of deacon in the church. Th-'s 
worthy man was held in the highest esteem thrc-'.gh 
the locality. 

Ihe cliildren born to Deacon John L. Beiler and 
his wife were: David, who lived to be forty years 
old; Elizabeth, wh.o lives in East Lampeter town- 
ship, unmarried; Joseph H. ; Xaiicy; Sarah: Je- 
mima, who married John ZcK:)k, a farmer of Upper 
Leacock township; John, who died at the age of 
thirty-one ; Samuel, the farmer on the old home- 
stead, near Witmer, Pa. ; Joel ; Rebecca, who died 
in Infancx' ; Mary, who died unmarried, at the aire 
of thirty-five. Elizabeth, Nancy, Sarah and Joel 
are all single and reside together on the old farm m 
East Lair.ijcter township, highly esteemed in their 

Joseph W. Beiler actpiired liis education in the 
district schools and rem;iined on the home farm, as- 
sisting his father, until lie was about twenty-two 
years of age, at which time he began to learn the 
caqienter tratle and worked at it for the following 
three years. Hov\-ever, lie later decided to return 
to farming and began operations on land in the vi- 
cinity of Gi-irdonville, Pa., where he remained until 
1875, when lie came to his present fine farm, lo- 
cated a quarter of a mile south of Mechaniesburg, 
on the New Holland turnpike. Here in coraieetioa 
with his farming he has conducted a threshing out- 
fit, but since 1892 he has been retired from activ- 
ity, his son-in-law carrying on operations on th.e 

Although I\[r. Beiler has retired from active 
labor, it is not on account of age, as he was born in 
Mitflin county, on June 11, 1S45, ^'^'^ '^ still in the 
prime of life. His parents were John L. and Lydia 
( Hertzler ) Beiler, of whom mention has been made. 
On Dec. 15, 1870, in Leacock township. Joseph 
H. Beiler was married to Miss Sarah Kauttman, 
and to this union was born one daughter, Anna K., 
who married Moses P. Stoltz, who manages Mr. 
Beiler's farm. To Mr. ami Mrs. Stoltz three chil- 
dren have been born, Daniel, Joseph and Sarah. 

Mrs. Sarah ( Kauttman j Beiler was born in 
Leacock township, Jan. 11, 1850, a daughter of 
John Kauttman and .Su<an King, the former of 
whom was born in Mifflin county, and the latter in 
Lancaster county. Mr. Kaultman was a large 
farmer and died in Leacock township on April 3, 
iSg8, at the age of sevtnty-six years. He had been 



one of the leading men of liis county, and was town- 
ship auditor at one time, but for some years had 
lived retired from active duties. The mother of 
Mrs. Beiler was born in 1S26 and now resides in 
the daughter's family, every member of which is 
solicitous for her comfort. Both she and her hus- 
band belonged to the Old .Mennonite Church. Tlieir 
children were: Samuel, who died young: Eliza- 
beth, who married John S. Fisher, and resides in 
East Lampeter township: Sarah, the wife of Joseph 
H. Eeiler: Jacob, who is a farmer of Leacock town- 
ship; Susan, who marrieif John B. Fisher, now a re- 
tired farmer of this township ; Ely, who is a farmer 
in Leacock townsliip ; Salome, who died young; 
and Rebecca, who died at the age of twenty years. 
The grandparents of IMrs. Beiler were old and most 
highly esteemed citizens of this part of tiie State, 
those on the father's side being John and Eliza 
(Lapp) Kaiittman. natives of Chester county, while 
those on the mother's side were John and Eliza 
(Stoltzfus) King, both natives of Leacock town- 
ship. All were farmers and religiously connected 
with the Old Mennonitc Church. 

Joseph H. Beiler has been a life-long Repub- 
lican, although he has taken no very active part in 
politics, contenting hin^iself with doing his duty as 
a citizen. For three years lie served his township 
as school director and has always shown interest 
in all measures promising advantage to the county. 
Both he and his family are connected with the Old 
Mennonite Church and he is known to be a man of 
integrity and high character. 

DAVID H. HESS, a blacksmith of Conestoga 
township, is a son of Daniel Fless. The father, 
Daniel Hess, was a blacksmitli, who learned his 
trade with a man named Johnson, in Pequea town- 
ship,. and foll(jwed it all his life. For a number of 
years before his death, in 1866, he was connected 
with the Old Mennonite Cliurch. He ^\■as a 
stanch Democrat in politics, but never souglit office. 
He married Alary, daughter of Isaac Hoak, 
of Slackvvater. They were the parents of nine chil- 
dren: Christina, wife of Cyrus Stombaugh. of 
Millersville ; Tobias, who was drowned in the Con- 
estoga about twenty years ago while fishing: Isaac 
H., bar-tender for Mrs. Caroline Hoak, of Millers- 
ville ; David H. ; John F. M., of Sterling, 111, a car- 
penter: IMartin H., of Conestoga township, a to- 
bacco farmer ; Henry H., of Sterling. 111. ; Lizzie, 
wife of Stephen Watson, Conestoga township, a 
farmer; Fannie, wife of John Benge, a paper-maker 
in Delaware. 

David H. Hess was born Oct. 8, 1855, in Cones- 
toga Center. His father died when he was only 
eleven years old. He was soon thereafter hired 
out to Jacob B. Herr, a farmer in Pequea township. 
where he remained four years. He then worked 
for Jacob B. Stetman. of Conestoga. for two years. 
After tiiis lie went with Cyrus H. Stombaugh. of 
Millersville, to learn the biacksriiitii trade and he 

remained there three years. He then removed : 
I Rock Hill, started in business for himself, ana i:„. 
I remained there ever since. 

i In February, 1877, he was married to Barbar, 
I daughter of Jacob Burkhart. of Conestoga. li; 
I are th.e parents of four children. 2\Iinnie E.. Sv.- ■ 
i B., (Jscar B. and Charles H., all at home. In ai',.; . 
! tion to Mr. Hess' blacksmith business, he ha.; ■ 
i farm of thirty acres which he uses for raising vo-^ 
i tables for market. He rents a stand in the Souths;-; 
j Market. Lancaster City, where he disposes of : ' 
] produce every .Saturday afterni;ion. ]Mr. Fless 1: . 
t a common school education but lias studied the to- ■ 
I ics of the day since reaching mature age and is v. ,_ 
I posted on all matters of genera! interest. He !:;i> 
I been successful through his own ett'orts and is ;;;; 
I honored citizen of his neighborhc-CMJ. 

CHRISTIAN WTSF. of tlie tirm of Wi^e Br.:... 
successful brick manufacturers of Lancaster. I-'?. 
whose products find a ready sale throughout ti:-.- 
entire county and neighboring districts, is one 0: 
the enterprising business men of the city, and Wa^ 
formerly a member of the common council. He \va.~ 
i)om Dec. 18. 184;. in Baden. Germany, son of Ada::: 
and Catherine (Meister) Wise, also natives of Ger- 

Adam Wise was a weaver in his native ian'.':. 
and after his marriage he emigrated to America, ar- 
riving in, Lancaster, Fa., in April, 1S47. For some 
time after his arrival Air. Wise was employed in un- 
loading coal on the "Engleside," and later engaged 
in the manufacture of bric'!< in tlie employ of George 
Kautz, of whom he learned the 'business. In 187J 
he embarked in tliat line of business for himself, 
assisted by his sons, and continued in the same until 
his death, which occurred March 4. 1S75, when he 
was not quite fifty-eight years of age. His wife, 
who has now reached an advance;! age, resides at 
Lancaster. Fler father, Lanhait Meister, also emi- 
grated to America, and died in Lancaster at the age 
of eighty-two. Adam Wise was a Democrat in poli- 
tics, in which he took a deep interest. His religioi;^ 
connections were with the Reformed Church. To 
himself and wife eleven children were born, but oniv 
three grew to maturity. Christian. John Y. aiy 
Louisa, .Mrs. Beaumann. all residing in Lancaste.''. 
John v. Wise, ex-president of the select council cr 
Lancaster, and one of ther leading members of the 
Democratic party of this locality, was nominate^,; 
county commissioner on the Democratic ticket ]\.n\<: 
6, 1902. He is the partner of hi.'i brother. Christian. 
in the firm of Wise Eros. He is a veteran of tlie 
Civil war. and was one of the youngest soldiers re- 
ceived into ser\ice. On June 23, 1S72, John \'. W i>-' 
married Alargaret Kroft. 

When Christian Wise was only eighteen momi;~ 
old his parents took him to the New \\'orld. the little 
party landing uprni tlie free soil of their future 
home after a stormy voyage of forty-five days. Hi- 
boyhooil da\s were spent in Lancaster, whore he 



yQy/y^rM^/Pan^ //Mi^ 



aitended the coiiunon sclioiLs and worked in a brick- 
vard. Later he attended school during the winter, 
learning" at the same time the trade of cigarmaker, 
which he put to good use after his return from the ISnt wiien his fatlier and brother Jolin entered 
into the brick business, he joined tliem and since that 
time has devoted all his time and attention to this 
!. ranch of industrial life. The brickyards and kilns 
.,.\vned by Wise Bros., the tw.o brothers succeeding 
:o sole control after the demise of their father, in 
1S75, are the best equipped in the county, and are 
well adapted to the immense volume of business an- 
nually transacted by the firm. The plant is located on 
tiie corner of iManor and i'rospect streets, the yards 
covering twelve acres, and the plant is fully su].iplied 
with a 30-horse-po\ver engine and all requisite brick- 
uiaking machinery. When runnnigf full force employ- 
ment is given to fort}' men. There are three kilns 
and the ainnial ontput averages 3,5(X).ooo brick. 
In addition to the manufacture of ordinary bricks, 
the firm have a large demand pressed and hami 
.moulded varieties. The clay used is of the very best 
([uaiity, and great care is exercised in every process 
of manufacture. In 1881 Air. Wise bought a ii5o- 
acre farm near Richmond, Va.. and lived there two 

On Feb. 25, 1864, although tlicn scarcely nineteen 
years old. Air. Wise enlisted in Co. C, 2d Pa. H. A.. 
being mustered into service at IMiiladclphia an.d sent 
to the front, and attached to the Army of the Po- 
tomac, with which he participated in the battles of 
tb.e Wilderness, Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor, and 
the Siege of Petersburg. Later, he was transferred 
to the Army of the James, under Gen. Butler, \vith 
which he remained until the surrender. On July 4, 
1S64, while on picket duty near Petersburg, on. the 
Richmond & Norfolk railroad, he was wounded, a 
bullet passing through his right cheek and commg 
out at the back of his neck. Although given a justlv 
earned furlough, before two months liad passed the 
brave young soldier was at duty again, with his regi- 
ment, in which he became corporal. While near 
Petersburg, June 17, 1864, he had received a buck- 
shot wound in the left knee. He was linally dis- 
charged in February, 1866, after he had made a 
^\ ar record of which he and his children may well be 

In politics ■ Mr. Wise has always been a stanch 
Democrat, members of his family having supported 
the principles of that organization from the time of 
their location in Lancaster. About 1869 Air. Wise 
ser\-ed as a member of the city council for one term, 
and he always takes a most active part in all cam- 
paigns ; he has served also as judge of election. Be- 
I'-ig recognized as a man of sterling merit, calm 
.'udgment and keen discrimination, he is often called 
"I'on to serve upon the petit juries. Socially he is 
well and favorably known throughout the entire 
couununity, and fraternally he is associated with 
-Monterey Lodge, I. O. O. J7., and with the Knights 

of Pythias. The famiiy are members of the St. 
John's Reformed Churcli of Lancaster. 

In August, 1866. Air. Wise married, in Lan- 
caster, Emma R. Pyle, and the following children 
have been born to them: Emma niarried John K. 
Warren, a tailor of York. Pa., anrl thev have had 
seven cliildren, two oi whom are deceased: Adam. 
with his fatiier in the brickyard, and a residen.t of 
Lancaster, married Catherine Benner, and thev had 
one child : Freiierick, also emploved with his father, 
married Ida Reece. and has liad four children, one 
of whom is deceased: Aliss Mamie is at home: 
Louisa married Samuel Charles, and they have tiiree 
children : Kate married Benjamin Flerr^ of LancriS- 
ter, and they have four children, one of vs'hon: is de- 
ceased : Miss Alinnie is at home. The familv re- 
side in a pleasant home built bv Mr. Wise in 1880. 

Airs. Wise was born in Lancaster Oct. 8, 1S43, 
a daugluer of Frederick and Catherine (Aliller) 
i'yle, of Lancaster. Frederick Pvle, who v.-as a dis- 
tiller, died Sept. 4, 1880, wlien' he was sixtv-two 
vears of age, while his wife died Alav 18, 1S58.' a^ed 
forty-eight years, and both are buried in Lancaster 
cemetery. They were members of the First Re- 
formed and Trinity Chu'-ches, respective! v. Thev 
had the follownig family: Rebecca, who died in 
chiMhttxl: George, of Brooklvn. N. Y. ; Sarah, 
widow of John Silvas, of Lancaster, Pa. ; John i .ie- 
ccased), who was a soldier in the 70th P. V'. I., and 
was wounded: Emma R., Mrs. Wise: Marv'f de- 
ceased), who married Henry Leonard: Wa'sl'.ing- 
ton, a railroad detective of Lancaster. Pa. (he was 
a soldier in the 79th P. \'. I.) ; Lucv, deceased : Alar- 
garet, deceased ; Philip, of Lancaster ; Allen, of Lan- 
caster ; Harry and Frederick, twins, the former of 
wiiom died in childhood, the latter at the age of 
twenty-two; and Joseph, dccease».l. 

The paternal grandpa.rents of Airs. Wise were 
PJiiUp and Alargaret (Wilkerscn) Pyk, he a native 
of (iJcrmany, and she of X'irginia. The historv of 
Philip Pyle reads like one of the modern novels deal- 
ing with, by-gone days. Onl^- eighteen, ignorant of 
the language of the new land, h.e was sold in \"ir- 
ginia for his passage and remained rhere four vears. 
At the expiration of his period of bondage, he' mar- 
ried, and with liis faithful wife made his wav to 
Lancaster, Pa., where he became a distiller a'.id one 
of the leading men of that city, dying in 1S49, ag-ed 
seventy-eight. His wife survived him one year. 
d}ing at the age of seventy-six, and both are buried 
in Lancaster cemetery. They were consistent mem- 
bers of the Reformed Church. The maternal grand- 
father of Airs. \Mse was George Aliller, of Lancas- 
ter, a prominent pump manufacturer and leading 

PIEXRY Al'Gl'STUS ROLAND wa; born in 
New Holland. Pa., Nov. 26, iSto, and died in that 
borough. June :;i. looi. His remains rest in the 
Trinitv Lutheran cemeuerv at New Holland, Pa. 



He was a lifelong- resident of New Holland and 
was descended, bi.ith jtaternally and maternally, 
from pioneer Germans, those early Palatinate set- 
tlers who, in 170), on the invitation of Oueen Anne, 
tied from religious jierseciition on the banks 
of the Rhine in ijerniany to seek a haven in the 
New World. Ever since their original land grant 
from Thomas Penn, as early as 1733, the Rolands 
have been large land owners, and have been prom- 
inently identitied for more than a century and a half 
with the management and progress of attairs in the 
community. Henry Augustus Roland was the fifth 
of a family of seven chiMren born to Henry and 
Margaret (Seeger) Roland, and received his early 
education at the New Holland free school and at 
Beck's iioted Academy at Lititz. Pa. He was mar- 
ried in 1849 ^o J^'-'C \\ hann Heyl, a daughter of 
Philip ankl Margaret I \\'hann I Heyl, of i'hilaJel- 
phia, Pa., by whom he had tlie following family : 
Oliver, a physician at Lancaster. Pa.: William H., 
an attorney at Lancaster. Pa.; P'rederic A., cashier 
of the Second National LJank at Reading, Penns\l- 

Possessed of a strong and logical mind, Mr. 
Roland manifested from earlv manhooil those ster- 
ling qualities of success, energy, accuracy, tact and 
prevision in th.e successful inanagenient of the 
many responsibilities that were thrust upon him. 
As a financier he was keen and alert, shrewd and 
sagacious, yet prudent and cautious, qualities 
which he lived to see bring him his well earned in- 

It has been truly said, "he was progressive in 
his ideas, and encouraged and supported every 
movement calculated to advance the interests ot the 
community in which he spent his entire lifetime." 
He was from early age a member of the Trinity 
Lutheran Church, and was prominently identified 
with the erection of tlieir present church building 
in 1850. He was, for over fifty years, a director 
and manager of the New Holland Turnpike Com- 
pany ; was chosen president of the Centennial Ju- 
bilee at New Holland, July 4, 1876, and volunteered 
much encouragement and assistance in the produc- 
tion of the "History of the Three Earls."' 

He took an active part in the organization of the 
New Holland National Bank, in which he was one 
of the original stock holders, although magnani- 
mously waiving all suggestion in its management, 
owing to his growing years. He, nevertheless, al- 
ways displayed a keen and solicitious interest in its 
progress and success. He advocated the incorpora- 
tion of New Hollaml into a borough, and was active 
in the movement which led to that result in iS'W. 
He encouraged and supported in a substantial way 
the organization of the New Holland Water Com- 
pany, and was prominent and foremost in all pro- 
gressive movements. 

Although continually employed with finaiicial 
cares, he gave nuich time to literary pursuits, v.'as 
thoroughly conversant with the topics of the day, 

whilst his voluminous reading extended to tlic higli- 
er sciences, to philosophy and to religious thought, 
which his reasoning mind was so well adapted to 
grasp. As a cultured gentleman, of genial dispo- 
sition, engaging manners and scrupulous integnt\-, 
his companionship was much sought by his friends. 

J<JHX D. RUTHERFORD, a prosperous and 
successful general farmer of Conoy township, Lan- 
caster county, was born in Ailams coiuit\-. Pa., Julv 
II, 1S34. and is a son of William and Leah (Deck- 
er) Rutherford. The parents came into Lancaster 
county in 1840, and made their home in Bainbridge, 
where their lives were spent. The father was a ma- 
son by trade, and did a tobaccco farming business. 
When he died, in 1881, he had reached the age of 
sixty-seven years. Tlie mother died in 1870. at the 
age of sixty years, and both were buried in Bain- 
bridge. They were members of the Lutheran and 
j the Reformed Churches, respectively, and were tlie 
j parents of the following family of children : John 
I D. ; Leah, iinm.arried, who lives in Elizabethtown ; 
I Julia Ann and Martin, deceased; Levi, a stone ma- 
! son in Elizabethtown; Daniel, dead; William, a 
j stone mason in Elizabethtown ; Catherine, dead ; 
I Henry, a resident of ^.lari'.-tta. 

I Samuel Rutherford, the paternal grandfather of 
John D., came from England, and marrietl a Ger- 
man-born woman, in Adams county, where their 
married life was spent and where he ilied ; Ir.s wid- 
ow died in Bainbridge. Lancaster county. 

John D. Rutherford arid Rachel A. Shelly were 
married Nov. 13, 1859, in Columbia, by Rev. Mr. 
.^[enges. and to this union came the following chil- 
dren: Mary .Vnn, now dead; William L., who mar- 
ried Anna C. Lanstrum, and is a Lutheran pastor at 
Dayton, C'hio; Frances, the wife of Samuel Sap- 
ling, a cigar maker in Philadelphia ; Bellmina and 
Marv, both deceased : John, who married Emma 
Dennisoii and lives in Philadelphia; F.ffie. married to 
William Harlan and living at home ; Bessie and 
Emma (who m.arried George Shields), both de- 

Mrs. Rachel A. Rutherford was born in Ches- 
ter, Pa., Jan. 31, 1834, and is a daughter of God- 
lib and Catherine (Iseman) Shelly, both born and 
bred in Gennany, where they married. they 
came to this country they settled in Chester, but 
moved into Lancaster county in 1848, making their 
home near New Holland. The father was a farmer, 
antl worked in tanneries during the winter season. 
Born to them were John, deceased ; Fredrika, who 
married Charges Reisler, and is dead ; Louisa, late 
wife of Christ. Sweinard ; Rachel; Emma, the wife 
of John Swan::, of F'hiladelphia ; Agnes, the widow 
of George Robbery, who lives in Philadelphia ; Liz- 
zie, the widow of John Sellers, who has her home 
in Philadelphia ; Fanny and Lydia are unmarried 
and live in Philadelphia. 

John D. Rutherford remained with his parents 
until he became of age, then for about two years 



worked iinKuig the iiciijlihoriiij;' farmers. After his 
marriage he worked ei,L;iit years on the railroad, and 
rented farms for several years. In 1885 he came 
upon the farm where he is now found. It forms 
(.art of the Cassel estate, and is a very vahiabic 
piece of real estate. 

]\[r. Rutherford is a ReiDublieati. anrl lias served 
:-.5 constable four years. Lloth he and his wife are 
members of the Lutheran Church, and bear them- 
;elves well in the community where their peaceful 
and industrious lives are passing-. They are 
straightforward and strictly honest in all their deal- 
ings, and their kind b.carts and genial disposition 
liave made them many friends. 

FRANK R. GROFF. a conlractur of concrete 
and mason work in Con(jy towiL^-hi]), Lancaster 
county, I'a., has extensive farming interests also 
in that locality, and has made a comfortable ])lacc 
for himself in the cummunits' in which his useful 
life is passing, ilr. (_!rolT was lioni in i,;;u|)heim, 
Wurtembcrg, Gcriiiany, Oil. ,^ 1 , iX^fj, and came 
to tliis country in 1N7J, crossing the ocean on the 
French ship "'The I^ign Lawrence." L;Lnding in 
Xew York, he at onco made iiis \\ay to LancjiSter 
county, and here he has re.McUd U> the present time. 
He is a son of Fridolin and AV'aldl.urger ( Rimer) 
(jrol¥, both his jjarents hviiig and d\inL; in Li^.-r- 
niany. The father was a lirick layer, uk'-^'iu ami 
contractor, d\ing in tfSi'.-;. at llie age of hfly-eight 
vears : the mother died in 1^7.;. at the age nf sixiv- 
one years. They were i>olh nienii.iers of the Cath- 
olic Cliurch, and had the fullowing children: 
'Jeorge, a Catholic priest, wlu; -went to Soutli Amer- 
ica m !853: I'iiis, an. architect, wlin is deceased: 
Frank R. ; Alagdelina, deceased wife of Christ. 
A\'eisnian, a stdesman ; Elizalieth, late wife f^f Jo- 
seph Zimnu-rman, a carpenter ;nid contractor ; I'hilo- 
niena, the wife of Xenzenz Sp.eitel, a miller on the 
island of Sicily. Of this faniii\ Frank R. is the only 
one to come to the L'nitcd Stales. 

Frank R. Groff and Catherine Schroll were mar- 
ried in York county, Jan. 22, 1880, and to ib.eir 
union wx're born the following two chiWren: I-nm- 
ces S., who married Harvey Shank, and li^•es in 
Newville. Lancaster county : Frank l'., wlio is at 
home. jNlrs. Catherine Groff \vas born in "Afan- 
chestcr township, York couiux'. Dec. 8. 1857. and is 
a daughter of Solomon and IMary >d. ( Tiartman) 
Schroll, both natives of York count\-, where their 
lives were spent. The father Avas a farmer, and 
died in i8g2. at the age of seventy-eight years: the 
uiother died in i8ij3. at the age of eighty-two vears ; 
ihey were burieil in the cenieter)- ci'unectetl with 
Hoover's Churcii. in York ccniniy. Horn to them 
were the following children : Jacol., wiio is dead : 
Henry, a veteran of the < ivil war, living in the 
Soldiers" Home : Daniel, lieceased ; Solomon, a resi- 
dent of Harrisburg; Emanuel, of Lancaster; Cliris- 
tina, of Alt. Wolf, Pa., married tu .Vbraham 
Khoads : S;isan. who ntarrieil Tames Afaze, and is 

dead; Fiizabeth, who married Joseph Ju'.lv. and has 
her home in .MidiUetown ; Alagdelina. «!eceased; 
Catherine, wife of Frank R. (iroff. 

Frank R. GrofT remained at home with liis par- 
ents, working- at his trade, until his coming to this 
country. After his arrival here he spent some time 
in several of the large cities, ^vas at i^'incinnati, St. 
Louis and Kansas City, making a perniancnt loca- 
tion, however, in Conoy township, Lancaster coun- 
ty, in 1S77, and moving to his present h.'ine in i88r. 
I He is a caj^able and energetic man, strict Iv hcaioraiile 
I and reliable, and belongs to the Aiennonite Ciiurch. 
j In his politics he is a Republican, and he is highly 
i regarded by those who know liim best. His wife 
j belongs to the Dunkard Church. 

j CHRLSTOPHER HAGFR. attorncv at law. 
i Alarietta. Pa., was born in Lancaster city .Uay h. 
j i860, and is a son of Henry W. and Ellen ■ PJayes » 
j Hager. Henry W. Hager was a dry-go. .d^ mer- 
i chant, and carried on business in Lancas'er vrdh his 
: brothers, Jolin C. and Charles I". Hager. un.ier the 
I tirm name of ITager & ilros. He was aiso p. ist- 
I master ;it Lancaster under President < ]'s first 
I a'.lministration, and died J)ec. j.:;, 1872. .it tiie early 
I ago of thirty-six years. .Mr. ;md .Mrs. IKnrv W. 
i Magcr had born to them three <:hildren. \\/..: Is;i- 
I bclla H.. wife of John h\. Xicholson, ( h;.-; pistice 
': and Chancellor of F.(|uity for tlie Stat<' of D., !aware,. 
; and resiiling in Dover, that Sfa'te : Chri.-'. .pher. 
j whose name oj)ens this article': and JSlnry iltil. niar- 
I ried to Robert I). .Stewart, a railroad contJ-actr)r in 
j Lancaster. 

( The paternal gran.lparents of Clinsi.^pher 
! riagv-;r w-erc Christopher and Cathariin' (Seneri 
Ilagcr, the former of whom was a drv-! nier- 
i chant and also president of the l^anners Xatifmal 
Caiik in Lanc:istcr. Christoi)her llager, tlie great- 
1 grandfather, came from AA'orms. (iennaii',-. in 17114. 
and Settled in Lrmcaster. where he engagL-'l in nier- 
cliandising. The maternal grandiiarents of , v.v sub- 
; icct were Alexander L. and Isabella ( i-'atterson ) 
Hayes. Alexander L. Hayes came from York River 
I Plantati.'m, Sussex Co., Del., to Reading. Pa., in 
; 1820. He had graduated from Dickinson L'oUege. 
! Pennsylvania, and, locating" in Reading, jracticed 
i law there a few years, when he moved to Lancaster* 
i having been appointed Judge of the Dis- 
j trict Court, wliich was afterw-ard abolislied : for 
I term after term he was subscquentlv clecte.l Jitdgc 
I of the General Courts of Lancaster county, .--erving- 
i a total of more than fifty years on the Bench, and 
j died in Lancaster in 1875, 'it the advanced age of 
eighty-six years. .Mrs. Isabella (Patterson) Hayes 
was a daughter of Col. Cialbrcth Patterson, a gal- 
laPit patriot of the Revolutionary war. and was a 
granddaughter on the maternal side of P-rig. Gen. 
W'illiam Thompson, of Carlisle, Pa. Gen. Thomp- 
son w-as a brother-in-law of George Ro^s, of Penn- 
sylvania, and George l\ced. of Delaware, both 
signers of tlie Declaration of [i-idi.pendeiice. 



Christopher Hager, the subject proper of these 
lines, at the age of eleven years was sent to a board- 
ing-school conducted by A. R. Beck, of Lititz, Pa., 
and a year later was transferred to the Franklin and 
Marshall Academy, in Lancaster, and two years 
Later to Cheltenham Academy, in >,h>ntgomery 
county, from vrhich he graduated when eighteen 
years old. Pie then became a member of the firm 
of Ilager -S: Bros., dry-goods merchants, being in 
the sales department of the stoix' until 1885, after 
which he traveled through the L'nited .States and 
Europe for a year. In 1886 he entered the law 
otTice of Hon. J. Hay Brown, as his first student. 
After a course of law study for two }cars he en- 
tered the office of ^Tathaniel Ellmaker. his uncle, 
■with whom lie remained a few years, after which 
time he devoted his attention to fire insurance for 
four years, and then sold out his agencies and the 
business he had established. He then went to Phila- 
delphia, and was appointed cashier of the Srate In- 
surance Company of Philadelphia, ^vith which cor- 
poration he remained two years. Pie then o]iencd a 
law office in tlKit city, and for a year had a success- 
ful practice there, until November. f8i)8. when he 
settled in ]\ [arietta, where he at once rose to promi- 
nence as an 'iltoniey, becoming borough solicitor. 
attorney for the First National Bank of IMarietta 
and many leading business houses : lie is also the 
solicitor and treasurer of the Pioneer Fire Company 
of ?i [arietta. 

In June. i8q6. Air. Hager married, in ]\Iarietta, 
Miss Aland E. Baker, a native of the borough, and 
a daughter of Col. Frederick and Jennie I Jack) 
Baker, of Alarietta and Lancaster, rcsjiectively. 
Col. Frederick Baker was for a long time editor of 
the Marietta Rc,i;istcr, and died in 1885, when 
sixty years oki. The paternal grandfather of Mrs. 
Hager was Peter Baker, a leading lumber merchant 
of A [arietta, and her maternal grandfather was 
Joshua Jack, an architect, contractor and builder, 
of Lancaster. 

Besides attending to his law business in Mari- 
etta ?dr. Hager also occupies the old Ellmaker law 
office in Lancaster. He is a member of Lamberton 
Lodge, No. 476, F. & A. M., the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania an.d the Society of the Sons of Revo- 
lution. He is a member of the Ejiiscopal Church. 
and in politics is a Republican. As a lawyer he 
stands in the front rank with his professional 
brethren, and as a citizen he enjoys the unfeigned 
respect of all who know him. 

HENRY GERHART, of No. 46 North Queen 
street. Lancaster, enjoys the distinction of being 
proprietor and manager of the largest merchant 
tailoring establishment in that city. Plis success- 
ful career has been the result of his complete mastery 
of every detail of his business, and of the absolute 
integrity of all his business methods. 

Mr. Gcrhart was born in Hesse-Darmstadt. Ger- 
many, Nov. 22, 1835, a son of Daniel and Elizabeth. 

(Thies) Gerhart. the former of whoin was a mer- 
chant in that place, and passed away in 1836. Henrv 
Gerhart spent his boyhood days in his native towii. 
and wiien his school days were ended was aporen- 
ticed to the tailor's trade. Early ir. 1850 lie sai!e^; 
for America, by way of London, landing at Nev 
York", where he studied American methods, and thci; 
Dcgan working as a journeyman, commg to Lancas- 
ter the same vear. In 18O5 Air. Gerhart began busi- 
ness for himself, and has proved very successful a? 
a merchant tailoi". I-'or many years he was located 
on the east side of Norrh (Jiieen street, but the de- 
manils of an increasing trade made better quarters 
a necessitv, and lie secured his present location. 
v,-herc he maintains by far the largest tailor shop in 
the city, in the fall of 1900 Air. Gerhart U'lded th-^- 
making of ladies' tailor-made garments to iiis oclie.'- 
business, and ciiis new departure brought a very gen- 
erous response from the trading public, now rivaling 
in volume the original business. 

In iSW.i Air. Gerhart was married to AIi>5 Alar- 
garct W'ittlincer. of Lancaster, daughter of the late 
lohn \\ ittlinger, a prominent old-time brewer of 
th.c city. Airs. Gcrhart died in November, 1S93. 
iiaving one son, J. H. Gerhart, who after graduating 
from I'Vanklin and Alarsiiall College entered the big 
establishment of his father on North Queen street. 
as an assistant; in iSoj^. he marrie;! .Anna I'l. Woif, 
of Laiicaster. 

Air. Gerhart was one of the founders, and a stock- 
holder and director, of the Alaennerchor Hail Asso- 
ciation, of wliich he was president for a time, and 
treasurer for a period of eigh.t \ears. He be-lontjs 
10 Zion's Lutheran Church, where lie has been a 
i-estrynian tor twenty-rive years, as well as superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school, and financial secre- 
tary of the parish for the same period. .Socially he 
is a charter member and past otiicer of Hebcl Lodge, 
I. O. O. F.. and is one of tlie organizers and former 
cfficers of the Order of Seven AA'ise Alen. In all 
the affairs of life Air. Gerhart has always proved 
faithful and v,-orthy of respect and confidi.'nce. and 
after a ".lercantile career of thirty-five years in Lan- 
caster he is still wide-awake and vigorous. v\-ith a 
trade that is yearly taking on larger propon.ions. 
He has a wide circle of friends and patrons. 

GEORGE LEWIS LYLE. For many years 
George Lev.-is Lyie was a trusted and ctificient raii- 
load man, "Dut in 1892 he yielded to the wishes of 
family and party friends and left that line to accept 
the position of JTisticc of the peace in Columbia, ir^ 
which situation he gave general satisfaction, testi- 
fied to by several re-elections. 

Air. Ly!e was born in Paradise township Alay i". 
1.843, ^ -^"^n "^i Samuel B. anil Fanny (Graliam) 
Lyie, natives oi Lancaster county. The father was 
ci'iinected with railroading, and died in Columbia, 
at the home of his son, on Aug. 25, 1868, at tlie age 
of sixty-tliree years, one month and twenty-one days. 
The mother passed away Dec. 6, 1875, at the age of 

J^'y:'-' ■' 

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J^-'^',..-.rfu^/^'' ^^^^^ 



"¥s»'":f :S'" i8 



sixtv-six years and eleven days. Euth parents were 
wcrthv members of the Presbyterian Church, and in 
ihac faith roared a famih- of six cliildren, these be- 
\r.ii : John and Edward, twins, the former a resident 
• if Baltimore, Md., the latter deceased; Emma and 
(•"anny, twins, boih deceased ; 2\Iary ]., 2sIta. George 
W. Hoover, who, with her Inisluind. is now tlcad ; 
.:nd George Lewis. 

When Mr. Lyle was but two years old his par- 
. nts moved to Indiana, but they returned to Colum- 
bia two years later, and he was reared on a farm, 
'.vhile he receivctl his education in the public schools. 
Defore entering upon railroad work lie was employed 
for some two years in a saw mill, but he found bet- 
ter opportunities on the road, became a brakcman in 
the employ of the Pennsylvania lines and in iSGi was 
made a conductor. Darin;;- the great strike in 1877 
Mr. Lvle resigned his jiosition, later accepting a 
-imilar one with the Reading Railroad. 

Although ;\lr. Lyle had spent many }e.:rs iti rail- 
roading and v/as most highlv regarded by all with 
whom he had business relations, his family desired 
him to make a change, and in i8<)T, in deference to 
their wishes, he resigneil his lucrative position, and 
the next year was appointed justice of the peace, 
liaving served as constaljle of Columbia during 
rS78-70-and-8o. Many quite important cases were 
brought before Justice Lyle, and ail were adjusted 
'.vithout appeal to a o">urt. 

C)n Sept. 1(1, 1867, .Mr. Lyle was married to 
.Anna M. Rnnck. and the children of this lunon are: 
William D. deceased; Ella Al., who married Henry 
E. Kline, of Columbia : ."^amuel E. ; Mary J., who 
married Charles Fine and is ww dead, leaving one 
child, who lives with Mr. Lyle; John W. ; Anna S. ; 
George P. ; I-'rances M. ; Joseph C. and Fred T., 
all living at home ; and Jessie L., deceased. The par- 
tnts of Mrs. Lyle, and Sarah (Shultz) Ranck, 
'.vera old residents of Paradise township. The par- 
ents were of German descent. Her father's death 
Incurred in Ohio, after .a number of years spent in 
Oilumbia, in the saddlerv busitiess. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Lyle is a Demo- 
>'rat, as was his father before iiim. In 1902, 
litrough political chatiges, Mr. Lyle lost his office 
•"■f justice, and has since acted as notary public in 
''-olumbia. He is becoming unable to perform 
;niich labor, as in 180S he was jtartly paralyzed. In 
'olumbia, where they are all known, the family is 
itiost highly esteemed, ami Mr. Lyle is considered 
•'« representative citizen. 

WILLIAM K. BENDER. The founder of the 
bender family came from Germany, a country 
which has contributed to Lancaster county many 
' i its best citizens. 

David Bender, the founder, lucated a large tract 
'^'t lanrl in Upper Leacock township and became a 
'-rc;c land owner there and a verv pronounced Fed- 
' ralist, always adv.icating the rights of tlie colonics, 
"e was successful in nianv lines of business, was 

the owner of superior horses and operated a dis- 
tillery, the ]-irodiict of which he marketed himself in 
Philadelpliia and in Pittsburg. .A.s a stanch sup- 
porter of the Lutheran Church he v^as highly es- 
teemed, and at an advanced age he passed away,, 
and his is among the earlier tombs in the old Heller 
burying-ground, where many of his descendants 
also rest. Two sons and two daughters survived 
him : Susan and Elizabeth, w ho never married ; 
[ohn, who followed closely in the footsteps of his 
father, lived out his life in Upper Leacock town- 
ship and there reared a family; and George, the 
grandfather of William K.. of this biography. 

( irandfather George Bender married a member 
of the Kinder family, which came from England, 
and they reared a most estimable family, their son, 
Kinzer D. Bender, becoming a ;)ower in Lancaster 
county. For many years Kinzer D. Bender was as- 
sociated in the closest bonds (.-■f friendship with that 
great statesman of Pennsylvania. Thaddeus Ste- 
vens, and with him held .'ttroiig views on the slavery 
(luestion and other subjects of public moralitw At 
the time of which we write, it was the universal 
practice ihrougli the farming regions to supply in- 
toxicants to the assistants wlio helped in the hay- 
ing and harvesting, and to take a tinn stand against 
the practice \S'as almost as serion.s a business as it 
was to break one of the old laws of the JMedes and 
Persians. However. Kinzer D. Bender was a man 
of principle and he took his stand against th.c cus- 
tom and was forccil to bear the brunt of much in- 
dignation and misrepresentation. As a fmaiKier he 
was highly regarded, and was \velcomcd as a direc- 
tor in some of the leading banks of the countv ; and 
as a farmer, he ^vas one of the first to place im- 
proved machinery on his e^tate. The free schcK.1l 
s\-3tcm received his Iteartv su]:)poTt. and all schcir.cs 
for the advancement of itis sectioti met with his 
approbation. To his churcli, of th.c Lutheran faith, 
he was generous, and only ;'nose nearest him kne^r 
of his charities. His life was extended to eighty- 
two years, his death occurring in 1890. 

Among the chiklren left by this most worthv 
and honored citizen were : Franklin, a resident of 
IMechanicsburg; John W'., deceased, who left one 
son, who resides near Heller's Church, in Upper 
Leacock township ; William K. ; and Mary, the wile 
of Jacob Burkholder, who resides near Mechanics- 
burg, all of them being among the esteemed resi- 
dents of the county. 

William K. Bender was reared on the 
farm and had the advantages resulting from his 
father's intelligent companionship. At the out- 
break of the Civil war he enlisted as sergeant in 
Co. B., 122 P. V. I., and took part in tb.e battles of 
Chantilly. the second battle of Bull Run, Fredericks- 
burg and Chancellorsville, and in ail of tlie skir- 
mishes in which his regiment was engaged. At 
Chancellorsville he was painfully wounded bv a 
minie ball, but remained at his post until the regi- 
ment was relieved. 


For many years William K. P.eiuler was con- 
nected as a director with tiie Snsimehanna In^n 
Company, of Columbia, and when it. with the Lel^- 
anon Iron Compan\', with which he ^^■as also con- 
nected was absorbed bv the combination now known 
as the American Iron and Steel Manufacturincj 
Company, he continued to be financially interested. 

As a prominent citizen he is connected with 
many of tlic financial institutions of the county, is a 
director in the Lititz .\.£rricultural Mutual Fire In- 
surance Company of Lancaster county and is one of 
its active [iromoters. His interest i'l education 
equals that of his father, and in early manhood he 
taught in the public schools in his native county for 
two years, i860 and 1S61, sjivinjr that up in 1S62 to 
respond to his country's call as a volunteer in sup- 
port of the administration whicii received his first 
vote. Later he served on the school board for m.ony 
years, and has advocated many refr.r'ns in the 

In 1865 William K. Bender \\a> married to 
Elizabeth A. Idartman. of (jcrman and French de- 
scent and from a most worthv and honorable fam- 
ily. At the time of tiieir marriap^'o linth were con- 
nected with the M. E. Church and were nntirincj 
■workers in the Sundav-school field, in both church 
and union scliools. county and villatre. advocatinpr 
tJiat the period for retirement only comes when the 
workman is called to his rewarrl. and thi-^ spirit has 
been imbibed by their three dauq-hters. JNfr. Ben- 
der's passion for music, Ijoth vocal and instrumental, 
was marked, and he found no hip^-her enjovment 
than that which grows from its ac(|uisition and ren- 
dering. He lias advocated its cultivation in the 
public schools as one of the refining forces in mold- 
ing and elevating society. In his familv he has in- 
sisted upon a higher education for his children as a 
sure and safe investment, the pleasure im[)arted re- 
paying- for the time and expense involved. The 
eldest is a graduate of the Collegiate Institute in 
Hackettstown. N J- : the second, of the Woman's 
College, in Baltimore, while the third is a senior in 
Dickinson Seminary at Williamsport, Pennsylvania. 

ABRAHAM W. EXGLE. an old and highly 
respected farmer, at present living in retirement, 
was born Aug. 28, 1835, in Conoy township, on the 
farm %\here he now resides, a son of the Rev. Jacob 
S. and Barbara rWolgenmtli) Engle. 

The father, who was bom on an adjoining farm, 
was married in T833, and came to the present home- 
stead in 1834. r'or many years he was a preacher 
of the River Brethren Church, having served for 
forty-nine years in a clerical capacity : he also taught 
school. From 1870 until his death, Feb. 13, 1804, 
he lived retired. At his demise he was eighty-five 
years and three months old ; his widow survived 
him for a time, dying Dec. 18, 1900. at the age of 
eighty-eight years and eleven months. They were 
members of the River Brethren Church, and were 
interred in the East Donciral ceineterv. To them 

were born tiie following children: Abraham \\ 
iiorn Aug. 28. T835 : Fanny W.. Jan. 16, 1837, v,I; 
died young: Daniel W.. Nov. 2, 1839. who di'- • 
vi-iung; Barbara W.. CJct. 7, 1841 : Jacoli W.. P; ; 
5. 1844: David W., Aug. 8, 1846, who married, t^r • 
Fanny Nissley, and second, Maria Sallenberc; -. 
and died fune 28, 1890: Anna W., Jan. T5, i;S;-. 
who married Amos B. ?.Iusser, the treasurer and 
trustee of the ?\Iessiah House, at Plarrisburg'. Tl' 
paternal granrlparents of A. W. Engle were Jac ■'■ 
and }>Iartha (Strickley) Engle, farming people > ' 
Lancaster county. Plis maternal grandparents wer 
Daniel and Barbara (Witmer) Woigemuth, ai- 
farming people of this county. 

.\.braham W. Engle and Fanny Hoffman wer 
married in Lancaster Xov. 12, 1863, 'i"'' ^'^' the- 
union were born the following childreii : Irv. • 
H.. l)orn Feb. 18, 1865, died Oct. 17, 1S96. a?-.- . 
thirty-one years, who married Amantla StauttVv. 
an.d hail one daughter. Lizzie S. : Martin H., bor:- 
Jan. 2r. 1867, died Feb. 20, 1867: Hiram H., Iv^- 
Julv 24. 1868, who married Emma Herr and i- 
f.irmin<j at the old homestead: Anna, born Jan. 2; 
1870. who married E. Hershey, of East Doncga! 
townshiii, and has three children. Engle, Harry an ' 

?\rrs. Fanny (Hoftman) Engle was born in Eas: 
Donegal township, July 31, 1843, is a daughter . ?' 
Cb.ristian and Anna ( Snyder 1 Hoffman, both na- 
tive to Lancaster county, and is a lady of m.anv 
genial and a.'imirable traits. Her father died April 
10. 1873, on the old family homestead in East Done- 
gal township, which he had spent his life ctdtivating. 
The mother died in Conoy township, Dec. 24, iSr,;. 
at the age of seventy-nine years, and was buried ii' 
Boslers Meeting House cemetery in West Done:;cai 
townslnp, \vhere her husband had been interrci 
years before. They were members of the Rivc- 
Brcthrcn Church, and had tlie following children: 
Eli. who married Fanny Lindermutii, and is a re- 
tired farmer in Dickinson county, Kan. ; Mary, 
who tlied voung: Christian, who lives in Kanss- 
and married Lizzie Garbcr; Fanny; Anna, the wife 
of John Forney, who is in the creamery inisiness iri 
Abdene. Kan. : Lizzie : Martha, the wife of John. 
Shank, a farmer of Conoy township : Flenry, wl"'. * 
married Lizzie Nissley, who is dead. The (>aterna! 
grandparents of Mrs. Engle were John and Fann> 
"(Engle) Hoffman, farmer-folk of Lancaster county. 
as were her maternal grandparents, Henry and Marv 
(Witmer) Snvder. 

Abraham \\'. Engle remained at home with in- 
]-'arents luitil he reached the age of twenty-eight 
years, when he went into Dauphin county and spcni 
MX years in farming. After the end of that i>eri<:>i! 
he came liack to Conoy township, and settled on hi- 
present homestead, where he has since remained 
and where he has achieved a decided success as •'■ 
farmer and as a business man, being widely known 
for his sterling manho.?d and unswerving honest}. 
The fann on uduch he is located has been in the 



rapiily for more than a luinilrod years. 'Sir. 
i^ a Republican, and is a worthy rcpreseut- 
■•nc of the ,s;"ooil old families of Lancastoi 


AMNIOS HUBER. Not on!}- is Lancaster county 
I'le home of some of the best fanner? in the State. 
hilt it also can claim a number of successful horti- 
culturists, who have demonstrated that some of the 
ilncst peaches and melons placed on the market can 
be profitably p^rown in this part of the State. Among 
iliose whose success has made them prominent is 
Amos Hubcr, who has become i<n()wn through borti- 
ouUural circles for his successful methods of culti- 
vatinsf fruits of all kinds, and for especially fine 
.qiecimens of peaches and melons. 

■ Amos Huber can claim an ancestry that reaches 
back manv years, when it orio'inated in Switzer- 
iand, from which country came his great-grand- 
father, wiio located in Lancaster county, near Mar- 
ticville. Feter Huber. the father of Amos Huber, born and reared in the .southern part of this 
county and spent the greater part of his life in 
Martic and Little Britain tow nships, hut about thir- 
ti>en years previous to his death, he removed to East 
Lampeter town'^hip. where he died Aug. 1 1 , 1855, 
It the age of fifty-nine }-ears and ten months. His 
principal occupation was farming, althoi'.gh as he 
ijrew older, he often occupied himself in working for 
\"thers when his services were needed. 

Peter Huber was married to Susan Huber. of 
Lampeter township, a (laughter of Henry Hubcr, 
and to them was born a family of eight children: 
Fannie, now deceased, the wife of Henry Hartman. 
<";f Lancaster county ; Martha, the Vvidow of John 
Ressler, of Lancaster; Mary, deceased, wife of Fred- 
crick Seidoff. of Lancaster countv: Susannah, who 
is the wife of Abraham Lautz, of Lexington. Rich- 
land county, Ohio. ; .\nnie, of Strasliurg township ; 
\mos : Leah, deceased wife of Joseph Nissle\', who 
lives near Hagerstown, Md. ; and Lizzie, unmar- 
ried, who lives with her brother. 

-\mos Huber was born in Little Britain township, 
t!iis county, Feb. 28, 1841, and was but one year old 
\vhen his parents removed to West Lampeter town- 
•^hip, and there he remained until he had attained 
l;is legal majority. His education was received in 
the public schools, but he had only reached the age 
"I fourteen, vvdien his father died, and he was com- 
relled to take up the battle of life for himself. For 
s lad of but fourteen that is a serious matter, anil 
thus Amos found it. but he was an honest, indus- 
trious boy, and soon obtained employment on the 
tieighbonng farms bv the year. After he was sev- 
<'nteen lie found it more advantageous to work by the 
dav and continued thus, until in ids twenty-first vear 
fic- decided to learn the niiliwrit^ht trade : as that 
did not quite suit him, he finally changed to the car- 
r'^nter trade, entering the shop of Benjann'n Bach- 
^i-in. in Willowstreet. and serving his apiircntice- 
s'lip there. 

As a good ■workman, Mr. Huber found employ- 
ment for a time, but when his uncle, David. Hubcr, 
ottered him employment with him in tobacco rais- 
ing and trucking, in Willowstreet. lie accepted and 
tilled out several busy \-e;n"s in this way. However, 
in 1S75, he removed to his own property, which lie 
had purchased in Strasbiu-g township, one and one- 
half miles south of the borough : the orieinal tract 
contained twentj -two and one-half acres, to which 
he has added two and one-half more, and. with six 
acres devoted entirely to fruit, he raises earlv veger- 
;d)U;s on th.e remainder and engages in trucking, 'ur. 
Huber has had very encouraging success .ind mav 
weii feel gratified, for he lias earned all he possesses 
by his own inckistry and economy. 

Amos Huber was married Se[)t. 27. iS'')5, 10 
?\liss Susan Deets. a daughter of Jotni and Aimie 
I I'ickle) Deets. of Lancaster county, both parents 
dcceasi^d. Mrs. Huber was born in East Lannieter 
t'l'.vnship. .'riept. 18. 184^^. and she has become the be- 
loved modier of eight children: Hettie. born Dec. 
20, 1867, tiie wife of E. W. Harsh, of Stn!si>urg 
tnwnshi]) : l-Vanklin, born .May 4. 1871, who n:arried 
-Miss ]\ate Atowrer. lives near Providence, and 'las 
tv.o children. Mary and M\rtle: Henry, born .lUg. 
-.V ^^^7?i- ■^■'"'ic) married Miss Annie Givin, resides 
ill Paradise township, and iias one son. Giarence : 
Flam, born Dec. 21). 1875, who married Miss j.fary 
Buckwalter ; Annie and ^(ary. twins born Dec. 2S. 
1878. .\nnie married to Enos Herr, and Mary resid- 
uig at home: Amos, Ixjrn Jan. 8, 188 r, who died 
April .8, 1897: antl an infant son. who passed away. 

?>lr. and Mrs. Hul)cr are members of the Old 
]\[eimonite Church, and iie is connected with the 
Republican party. The family is one which is h.igh- 
ly esteemed in the conmumity. 

ROLAND S. BRUBAKER. a meat mercaant 
and the proprietor of a slaughter house in New FIol- 
land. was born in that borough Feb. 10, 18.^8, and 
is a son of Isaac R. and Ann (Hoover) P-rubaker, 
both residents of New Holland. The father was a 
butcher, and in his later years a farmer, while for 
two terms he rilled the office of assessor. He died 
in 1S81). at the age of seventy, and the mother passed 
to her rest at the age of sixtv : the^' were both 
buried in the cemetery at Groffdale. Thev were 
members of Uie Mennonite Cliurch. To them were 
born: Isaac H.. the proprietor of the "Bird-in- 
Hand Hotel :"' David, who died in 1871 ; Roland S. : 
Hester A., married to .Abraham Doner, of Lancas- 
ter : Saloma. who died in 1898. the wife of Rev. 
David Hostetter, a minister of the Mennonite 
Church : Jonadian. who is dead ; Catherine, who 
married Phares Buckwalter. of Lancaster, a teacher : 
Lydia, married to Daniel Eby, a farmer of East Earl 
townshi,') : Marv, married to Adam Diller. a contrac- 
tor in Lancaster: Rachel, wiio married Isaac Groii. 
a farmer in East Lampeter township. The pater- 
nal grandparaiis of Roland S. Brubaker v/ere Isaac 
and Saloma (Roland') llrubaker, of Lancaster coun- 



ty ; they 'were of Swiss stock, and descendants of 
Johann Dnibaker. who came to this countrv in 1709. 
The maternal !::^randparents of Mr. Erubaker were 
David and Hettie (Hartman) Ho<Dver. They were 
farmins: people of Lancaster county. 

Air. Brubaker was married Jan. i, 1861. to Mar- 
garet A. Smoker, by whom he liad the following 
children : Cera, who married James E. S. Paxton. 
an engineer en the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
has her home at Tdoney i^rook. and has had two 
children ; Annie, who married Dr. Daniel W. Mar- 
shall, a druggist of Reading: Harriet, who married 
Dr. \V^ N. [vlemmer, a physician in Gcrmania, Pa., 
and has one child ; Gertrude, who married Charles 
AL Diller. a merchant of .\e\v Holland, and had 
two children, one deceased. 

Mrs. Brubaker was born in Earl towushij), Dec. 
25, 1S40, a daughter of I-^aac and Xancy (Ditlow) 
Smoker. Her father died 2\[ay 6. 1862, at the age 
of seventy-one, and his widow ]jassed to her rest 
in June, 1871. Both were buried in the New Hol- 
land cemetery. They were members of the Luth- 
eran Church, where he was a vestryman many years, 
and was instrumental in iniilding the elegant siruc- 
tnre in New Holland. In liis younger days he difi 
a business in speculating, and carried on a hotel. 
To him and his wife were born : Ditlow, \\ ho died 
in St. Louis: John, Isaac and one other ciiild, who 
all died in infancy: Eveline, who died unmarried at 
the age of seventy: Abraham G., deceased: Anna, 
who married Levi Kinzcr : Amanda B.. who married 
first Dr. Daniel Henderson, and second. Jacob Alent- 
zer ; Louisa, who married Levi Watts ; Amos 
ried to Catharine Carpenter ; Elizabeth, married to 
Henderson Wallace: George ^l., who married Fan- 
nie Vandersal; and Margaret A. 

The paternal gratidiKirents of Mrs. Brubaker 
were Isaac and Nancy Smoker, both residents of 
Lancaster county, and farming people. 

Roland S. Brubaker lived with parents until 
he was ten years of age, when he went to Lancas- 
ter to attend school for three years. There he re- 
mained until he was fifteen, when lie was taken into ' 
the store of Moses Eby, at Intercourse, and held that 
position for three years. At the end of that period 
of clerking he went into the store of Diller & Bru- 
baker, at New Holland, where he was retained for 
three years. At the end of this time he bought out 
Mr. Philip R. jlrubaker, and with E. C. and Amos ' 
Diller operated the store for ten years. At that time 
Air. Atnos Diller retired in favor of his son. William ; 
G. Diller, and for four years the trrm was Diller, 
Brubaker & Diller. .\t the end of this time Air. Bru- 
baker disposed of his holdings, and was retired for 
a year and a half, engaging in seuHr.jr up affairs. 

His next business enterpri?c \vas in the butcher 
business with John .Meyers, witii whom he con- ' 
tinucd until the death of the latter in iqoo. Since ! 
the death of Air. Aleyers, Air. Brubaker has carried 
on the business alone. i 

Mr. Brubaker was president of ti'.e town council ' 

t.^.r the first three years after tl-.e incorporation or 
the borougii. Both Air. and Mrs. Brubaker a-.- 
members of the Lutheran Church, of which he ha< 
been an elder for twenty years, and Sundav-schW' 
supermtendent for forty years. In politics he i^ 
a Democrat. 

the extensive granite aiul marble works on North 
(jueen street, Lancaster, is a \\orthy member of ,-. 
lamily whom none is better known or more 
higlily respected in the city or countw 

l,ewis tPildy, father of William Y., was Iwrn Feb. 
17. 1825, at Herbczeiin, Lorraine, at that time a 
pro\-ince of France, now a part of the German empire. 
In September, 1832, his widowed modier, with" hcV 
son. three daughters and a sister, set sail in thc 
shin^-pcnnsylvania," from Havre, Franco, for Phila- 
delphia, and on Sunday morning, Dec. 2. 1832, tb.e 
vessel grounded on a saiui jjar ott Cape Ilatteras. <.>v. 
tile coast of North Carolina. .After a dav and a night 
of great suspense — for the vessel threatened everv 
■■nomcnt to go to pieces — iias.>cngers and crew werc- 
re.-cuc.i by a passing vessel and taken to Charles- 
ton, S. C, v/here tlie unfortunates were cared for 
ir.ost kindly. Evcrythiiig the_\- possessed was lost in 
the wreck. i)ut the good people of the city provided 
tlicDi \v!th all necessaries, and looked after their 
I'crsonal comfort. .After three \vceks' time the 
Jlaldy family were placed aboard a vessel bound for 
Philadelphia, but v/cre fated t'> not reach their desti- 
nation v.ithout furdier trials, fur while in tlie Dela- 
vvar.-^ river th.e ship they were on iiecamc frozen fast 
in the ice for si.x days. At last the "Quaker Cit\ ' 
was reached, and a week later the emigrants were 
taken to Cecil county, Aid., by Henry Horstman. a 
iirotlier of Airs. Haldy. There Lewis remained until 
1S41. early in that year coming to Lancaster count} , 
and locating in Strasburg, wliere he commenced ic 
learn the tinner's trade. Nor liking that line of 
business, however, he, in .Vpril of the same }ear, re- 
moved to Lancaster City, and apprenticed himself 
tc Daniel Pagan, a marble mason, who had his works 
en North Queen street. .After learning the traric he 
went to Reading to work, but not long afterward he 
returned to Lancaster, and for some time was em- 
ployed by the Aloderwells, who operated a freight 
line between Lancaster and Phiiadeiphia. In 184c) 
he went into business for himself, on West Chestnut 
street, in the granite and marble industry, finally re- 
moving to North Queen street, and in 1884 he ad- 
mitted Ins son, William Y., into partnership. Fur 
nine months during the Civil war he served in the 
50th P. \'. I., as quartermaster, aiui in 1864 he went 
otit with the emergency men in the ninety-days caa. 
On Nov. 15, 1846, Lewis Hald\- married Miss 
Afary Sal)ina Yeager, daughter of the late Frederick 
Yeagcr. and in i8q6 this honored couple celebrated 
their golden wedding. Three chiklren were born to 
them: Walter A., who was cashier of the Lancaster 













W" ^ 



^fl^H ^WB^' 


j«^J.y.!>,. ^g^B 









Cniintv National Bank, and who died Dec. i, iBoi : 
William Y., of whom further mention will presently 
],c made; and Miss I\Iary W., at home. The father 
■,::ii called from earth April 12, 1899; the motner 
i; vet living in Lancaster, enjoying the esteem and 
rccard of a wide circle of friends and relatives, and 
t elo\'ed by her children. 

Lewis Hakly in religious connection was a prom- 
inent member of the First AI. E. Church, and in fra- 
ternal relationships was affiliated with Lancaster 
Lodge, No. 67, I. O. O. F., also with Washington 
Encampment, No. 11, and for many years he was a 
!;K-niber of the Tucquan Club. In the days of the old 
volunteer lire department of Lancaster he belonged 
to Friendship Fire Company, and at one time was its 
vice president. I'"or many years he was a director 
of the Lancaster County National Eani<, and in every 
•,va!k of life he was a good citizen, always ready in 
'lis years of health and strength to take part in any 
movement for the good of the city in which he passed 
over half a century of his life. Probably the most 
noble and distinguishing characteristics of Mr. Haldy 
v.-ere his Christian Ix-nevclcnce and practical pat- 
riotism, and during the years of his active life in 
I^ancaster there was seldom a movement in the in- 
terest of religion or charity in which he was not an 
active and influential factor. Not a little of the 
noblest work of his life was done as the coadjuter 
of the Patriotic Daughters, of which society he was 
m many ways the main reliance, in their self-sacri- 
ficing efforts to aid and comfort the volunteer sol- 
diers during the Civil war. 

William Yeager Haldy, second son of Lewis, was 
bom March ir, 1S54, in Lancaster, in the old brick 
dwelling which is now the North Queen street front 
of Haldy's Marble Works. At the public schools of 
his native city he received his education, and was 
graduated from Lancaster high school July i, 1S70. 
Just seventeen days thereafter, he entered the em- 
ploy of his father as an apprentice to the granite and 
marble cutting trade, serving four years and eight 
months. On April i, 18S4. he was received into 
partnership by his father, the firm name becoming 
Lewis Haldy & Son, and during the last ten years 
of his father's life the son was practically in con- 
trol of the business. Since the death of the former 
the latter has carried on the concern under his own 

^ In 1877 William Y. Haldy married ?;Iiss Ada F. 
-^ook, daughter of Noah Zook, who widi his brother, 
Abraham, was murdered, in 1866, at Vicksburg, 
-liss., whither they had gone to engage in the cot- 
ton trade. The bodv of Abraham Zook was found, 
but that of his brother, tlie father of :\rrs. Haldv, 
never came to light. They were brothers of J. Gust 
^ook. the prominent leaf-tobacco dealer, whose 
sketch will be found elsewhere. To I\[r. and Mrs. 
H-,!dy children were born as follows: Marv S., a 
graduate of the Lancaster high scliool ; Abbie F., who 
attended the Girls' high school, Lancaster, class of 

1902 ; and Harry R, and Fred Zook, borli of whom 
entered the Lancaster high school in September, 
TCjOI, The entire family are adherents of the First 
IVL E. Church, of Lancaster, 

Socially .Mr. Haldy is one of the most popular 
citizens of Lancaster, progressive and loyal. He be- 
longs to Washington Encampment, No. 11, I. O. O. 
F. A thorough business man, and expert in his 
particular line, it is not a matter of surprise that the 
business established by the father, large as it was, 
j should have grown to its present mammoth propor- 
j tions under ilie management of the son on whom' the 
i mantle fell. 

I ROBERT S. KNON, a prominent citizen and 
I general farmer of IManor township, Lancaster coun- 
j ty. Pa., who owns a farm of forty-tive acres near 
j Letort, was born in Lycoming countv, Sept. 27, 
I 1845, and is a son of Jolin H. and AnnE. (:\Ioran) 
j Knox of Irish descent. 

John Knox, grandfather of Robert S.. was a 
native of County Antrim, Ireland, but at the aee 
of twelve years he went to Scotlan.l. and soon after- 
ward came to the United States, finding a hom.e at 
Larry's Creek. Lycoming county. Pa., v.-here he 
grew to manhood, engaged in farming; he also op- 
erated botli grist and saw-mills, and was altogether 
a successful business man. A bitter opponent of 
slavery as it tlien existed at the South, he was an 
active worker on the underground railroad, and his 
home was a safe harbor for many a di:sk\- fugitive. 
To his marriage with Catherine Stewart, a native 
of Lycoming county, but of Irish extraction, were 
born four children, viz: Charles, who drifted to 
some point in Illinois ; Robert, a civil engineer and 
school teacher, who settled in Kansas : John H. ; and 
Jane, who was married to Hughes Russell, an ex- 
tensive farmer and milier of Lycoming county. The 
parents and children are all now deceased. Tliev 
j were ail members of the M. E. Church. 
I John H. Knox was born April 15, 181 5, was 
educated at Carlisle University, was a farmer, and 
also erected and conducted a cement mill. For \ears 
he was an active Republican ; when the Civil war 
broke out he raised a company of infantry at his 
personal expense in April, 1S61, was elected' its cap- 
tain, and was assigned as Co. D, to the nth P. V. I., 
for three years" service. This regiment had its first 
experience ac the front under Gen. Burnside, but 
early in the campaign Capt. Knox was seized with 
camp fever, and returned home, and died Feb 2S 

To the union of John H. Knox and Ann E. Mo- 
ran, daughter of John and Alary (Pennv) Moran, 
were born four children, viz: Catherine 'S.. wife of 
FIcnry Kehler, of West Hempfield township, Lan- 
caster countv: John il., a wholesale commission 
merchant, of Hazleton. Luzerne countv ; Robert S. : 
and James R., an expert machinist of Richmond! 

Robert S. Knox was reared in his native countv 



and attended the pulilic scliools of Jersey Shore 
until seventeen year> old. and then enlisted June 27, 
1863, in the -17th I'ennsylvania State militia for 
ninety days and \va? mustered in as corporal. In 
June, 1SO4, Corporal Knox enlisted in Co. F, 195th 
P. V. I., served in Maryland and .West Virginia, and 
was honorably discharged Nov. 7, 1S64. 

At the conclusion of his military career, Robert 
S. Knox went to Jeddo. Luzerne county, entered 
the mercantile establishment of G. B. ilarkie as 
clerk, and was also associated with the Lehigh Rail- 
road Company as sliinping- clerk for twelve years ; 
he then came to Lancaster county on a visit, but 
once here decided to remain. His first marriage 
took place in this county Jan. 30, 1879, to Annie 
M., daughter of Joseph and Barbara ( Hostctter) 
Hershey, and the married couple at once set- 
tled on the present farm of forty-five acres, which 
they converted into a most desirable home. r^Irs. 
Annie M. Knox, however, passed away Jan. 6, 1888, 
without issue, and ilay 30, 1892, Air. Knox mar- 
ried Miss Annie Garretson, who was born in Flora 
Dale, Adams Co., Pa., and is a daughter of Joel and 
Anna (Cookson) Garretson. This union was 
blessed with four children: John I\[., born JMarch 
26, 1894 ; Robert G.. born Nov. 7. 1897 : James 
Stewart, born July 17, igoo: and Henry Kehler, 
born Sept. 10, 1901, v>dio died Nov. iS, igoi. 

Roliert S. Knox is a most public-.spiriLed gen- 
tleman and has taken a great interest in the wel- 
fare of the community since residing in Manor town- 
ship ; he has been on the school board for nine 
years, now serving his fourth term as a Republican 
member, and is a mieniber of Gen. \\'elch Post, No. 
118, G. A. R. 

PETER H. SAUDER. Among the prominent 
citizens and worthy renresentatives of an old and 
honored county family of East Earl township, is 
Peter Sander, who resides on the old farm first pur- 
chased by his grandfather. Henry Sander, supposed 
to have come hither from his native Switzerland. 
His life was a pastoral one. his acres being many 
and his herds large. His death occurred in this lo- 
cality about 1822 or 1824. 

Peter .Sauder, son of Peter and father of 
Peter (3), was born in 1801, and died in 1864. His 
home through life was on the fine old farm located 
within one mile of the village of Goodville. where 
he followed agricultural pursuits, added to his acre- 
age, made improvements and reared a large family 
to become highly respected and useful citizens of 
this vicinity. He married Esther Hoffman, who was 
a daughter of George Hoffman, her death occurring 
at the age of fifty-seven years. Seven of their chil- 
dren grew to niaturitv: Henry, who is a resident 
of East Earl township, a retired farmer r Elizabeth, 
the wife of David Newswenger, of Caernarvon 
township; Esther, deceased wife of Levi Weaver: 
George, deceased, a farmer of East Earl township ; 
Peter H. : Susannah, the v/ife of Emanuel News- 

! wenger. of Caernar\-on township : and I^Iary, the 
i wife of Ahrahani }d. Brubaker, of East Earl towu- 
i ship. Both parents were consistent and worthv 
I members of the Mennonite Church, and exemplified 
in their lives the simplicity and uprightness of their 
religious belief. 

Peter H. Sauder, our subject proper, was 
born IMarch 24, 1832, and grev.- from boyhood to 
I youih and manhood with his interests always cen- 
tering in agricultural pursuits. The old farm ha^ 
I been his Iiome and he owns 100 acres of the land, 
I the old estate having been divided into two farms 
I of some £40 acres each. 2dr. Sauder is one of the 
I most progressive men in the locality as he has also 
i been one of the most successful. His interest has 
I always been shown in educational matters and he 
I has been a leading and influential mem.ber of the 
I school board in his tov\"nsliip. 

The first marriage of Mr. Sauder was in 1861. 
to Miss Annie Wanner, a daughter of Daniel Wan- 
ner, of East Earl township ; her death occurred in 
1874. Eight children were born to this union : I.Ia- 
ria, the wife of David 2\lartin, of East Earl town- 
ship: Alice, the wife of Henry Newswenger, of 
Salisbury tovi'uship : Annie, the wife of John Sh.etz- 
ley, of East Earl township ; i'.Ioses. of East Earl 
township : Susannah, the widov.- of Eli Martin, of 
East Earl township ; Emma, tmmarried : Barton W., 
v.'ho married Kittle Martin, and farms the old home- 
stead : and ^ilargarct, the wife of Morris Banshman, 
of East Lampeter township. 

For his second wife Yiv. Sauder married in Sep- 
tember, 1S75, Barbara Hurst, a daughter of David 
and Leah (iMusser) Hurst, a native of Ephrata 
township, and a most estimable lady and devoted 
wife and mother. The two daughters born to tiiis 
marriage aie Barbara and Leah, both at hom.e. The 
family is one of the old and honored ones of the 
county anfl has long beeji prominent in the Mennon- 
ite Church. 

AMOS GILBERT, mayor of Quarryville, was 
born July 7, 185S, in Eden township. His parents 
were .1. Harding and Flannah H. (W'h.itson) Gi'- 
bert, of Lancaster county, where both were born, 
:Mr, Gilbert in 1824 and Mrs. Gilbert in 1828. 

The father was reared in Lancaster county, and 
after arriving at maturity conducted a tannery for 
manv }'ears in Eden township. In 185S he pur- 
chased a farm, which he conducted in connection 
with his tannery business. He was elected a jus- 
tice of the peace in his township, and held that office 
for over thirty years, and to within a few years ot 
the time of his death, in 1S93. His aged and worthv 
wife still resides on the homestead. Of a family of 
seven children, five are living, as follows: May, 
horn in I ancastcr county, who is tiie wife of Albion 
Walter, a farmer of Bart township, and has one 
rlaughter, Emma : Edward M.. a leading lawyer or 
Lancaster City ; Hugh W., born in Lancaster coun- 
tv, a leading business man and postmaster of his 



borough, who married and lias a fainily of five chil- 
<Iren ; Joseph H., born in Lancaster county, who is 
unmarried and is ens^aged in the laundry business 
in Oxford, Chester county, Pa. Two of the children, 
George and John, died when young. 

Amos Gilbert was reared on his father's farm, 
and was educated in the schools of the district. In 
1886 he married Aliss Hannah Dickinson, a young 
lady born and raised in Lancaster county. She was 
the daughter of James and Ruth Dickinson, a lead- 
ing Quaker family of the county. After their mar- 
riage Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert moved to Ouarryville, 
where he purchased a creamery which he still siic- 
cessfullv conducts. .Mrs. Gilbert died in 1893, leav- 
ing her husband and three sons, E. Dickinson, J. 
Roland and James D., to mourn her loss. 

-Mr. Gilbert has always been identified with the 
Republicans in politics, and is prominent in that 
party. In 18S9 he was elected mayor of his borough, 
and he still holds that position. \\'hen the borough 
was first org.^nized he was elected a school director, 
and held that office for seven years. In 1902 he was 
elected a delegate to tiie State convention. He is 
a member of the ]\lascnic Order, Washington 
Lodge, No. 156, of Ouarryville. 

In 1897 Air. Gilbert was married to his present 
wife, who was Miss Olive Graybiil, of Duncannon, 
and a lady of fine mental and social qualities. No 
children have been born to this union. Mr. Gilbert 
takes a prominent part in the social, business and 
political circles of his vicinity, and is well and fa- 
vorably known throughout the countv. His familv 
Is one of the pioneer Quaker families of this part of 
Pennsylvania. His father, J. Harding Gilbert, is es- 
pecially well remembered by the older members of 
the community, as an honest and an upright citizen, 
and the same may well be said of his son, for no man 
has ever charged him with any unfair transaction or 
treatment of a fellow-citizen. He is very popular 
and possesses the friendship and esteem of the en- 
tire community. 

hoTn citizen of Salisbury township, Lancaster coun- 
ty, veteran of the Civil war .and general farmer, was 
born Dec. 14, 1841, a son of George and Lydia A. 
(Sterlinger) Frybarger. natives respectively of Ger- 
many and Lancaster county. Pennsylvania. 

George Frybarger was but two years of age 
when he was brought to America by his father, John 
G. Frybarger, in 1804, and put in charge of John 
Kurtz to be reared. George Frybarger, who was 
torn in 1802, was a school teacher in his earlier 
years and later a farmer, and died March 19, 1873 • 
his wife, who was born in 1S04., died Oct. 17, 1872, 
the remains of both being buried in Asbury church 
cemetery. To their marriage were born six chil- 
dren, namely: William L., deceased; Catherine, 
widow of Martin Dein and still living on the old 
home place in Salisbury township ; Lydia A., de- 
ceased wife of Levi Bowers ; Alary, deceased ; Syl- 

vester : and George, a carpenter at Kansas City, Alis- 

Sylvester I'Vybarger lived on the home farm with 
his parents untd his marriage, when he went to 
liousekeeoing in another dwelling on the same land 
from September until April, and then in another 
dwelling elsewhere in th.e township, meanwhile 
v.-orking out for the neighboring farmers until his 
enlistment. His marriage took place June 2, 1862, 
in Salisbury township, to Aliss Sabina Fellenbaum, 
wh.o has borne him twen-e children, namely : Elmer 
E., of East Earl township, and m.arried io Cather- 
me Alarshall. who is now the mother of eight chil- 
dren; Laura, who was married to Isaac Aleans, had 
lour children, and is now deceased ; Alatilda J., wife 
of John Lowery, a produce merchant of East Earl 
township, to whom she has borne three children; 
John H., residing in Nankin, Ohio: Anna AI., and 
Mary E., v/ho died in infancy: George AT., and S. 
Clayton, still at home; Walter H., a farmer in Salis- 
bury tovnship and married to Alabel Palmer, who 
has two children : Emma, wife of John Spots, and 
the mother of three children ; Lydia S.. who died 
young; and Hannah AL, still residing with her par- 

Airs. Sabina (Fellenbaum) Frvbarger was born 
in Earl township, Lancaster county. Alarch i, 1S43, 
and IS a flaugliter of Edwin and Hannah T. (Clark) 
i-'ijJ-ienbaum, of Salisburv township, the former of 
whom died Alay 6, 1865, when fortv-six vears old, 
and the latter, Dec. 14, 1865, at the age of forty- 
five : they were buried in Rauck's church cemetery. 
Their children, ten in number, were born and namied 
in the following order : Edwin, a laborer in the 
Aliddletown pipe mill, Aliddletown, Pa.; Sabina, 
now Mrs. Svlvesler Frybarger; George, a farmer 
in Ashland countv, r)hio: Susan, wife of Isaac 
Palmer : Thomas, a farmer in East Earl township ; 
John, in Alissouri ; William, deceased; Amos, in 
Ohio; Sarah J., wife of Benjamin Roland, in Ash- 
land county, Ohio; and Alargaret, nov,- Airs. Roland, 
of Elkhart, Indiana. 

In the spring of 1863. unable longer to brook the 
outrageous contumely of the Rebels at the South, 
Air. Frvbarger responded to the call for ninety-day 
volunteers, enlisted, and was stationed at Hagers-* 
town. Aid., and while there received v.-ord that he 
had been drafted in Salisbury township and had 
ben assigned to Co. C. 8311 P. V. I. He took part 
m his first engagement three weeks after leaving 
home, was on picket duty for some time, was all 
through the Rappahannock Valley campaign, was at 
Cold Flarbor and in front of Petersburg. Va., and in 
fact in all the marches, skirmishes, sieges and en- 
gagements in which his regiment took part, without 
receiving even a wound, until honorablv discharged 
at Harrisburg, Pa., Julv 3, 1865, when he returned 
to his home, and the day after his arrival cradled, 
tied and shocked two acres of grain. 

Air. Frybarger continued to work out for the 
neighboring farmers until 1866, when he purchased 



his pre?ent fanii. to which he has since devoted his 
entire attention, and which is now as hne a farm of 
its dimensions as there is to be found in Salisbury 

In 1875 Mr. Frybarcrer met with a serious acci- 
dent, being thrown from his horse and breaking his 
right leg, which ncces'^itated amputation above the 
knee, but otherwise he has enjoyed excellent health 
and is reniarkanly active considering the loss of his 

i\Ir. and }.Irs. Frybarger are consistent members 
of the LTnitcd Evangelic?.! Church, and in politics 
Mr. Frybarger is a staunch Republican. He has al- 
ways led an industrious life and is deservedly 
worthy of the high esteem in which he is held bv 
his fellow citizens of Salisbury township. 

JACOB -MELLIXGER. Among the early set- 
tlers of Lancaster county, whose descendants 
still bear the old name with honor, respected by tlieir 
fellow-citizen?, were the ancestors of the 3.1eilinger 
family, who with courage and enterprise did much 
to develop the natural resources of this part of the 
great State of Pennsvlvania. 

To go no farther back into ancestral history 
than the father of Jacob !\.[ellinger, we reach across 
a long space of years, as John i\[e!linger was born 
on Oct. 19, 1790, and lived until Sept. 12, 1855. His 
wife was born in Manor township. ?.lay 2. 1799, 
and died in Strasburg township, IMarch 16. I'^yi. 
These parents reared a family of nine children : 
Christian, born Oct. 20, i<Si6. who lived in Leacock 
township at the time of his death; John B., born 
Sept. 19, 1S18. in Strasburg township, who died 
there Nov. 19, 1845. ^ farmer : Benjamin, born Oct. 
12, 1820, who lived on the old hom.estead with his 
brother Jacoi). and died there Nov. 16, 1883 : Eliz- 
abeth, born May 12, 1821, who married Abram Den- 
linger, of Millersville. and died at the age of seven- 
ty-five : Jacob; Abraham, born Jul}- 6, 1829, who 
died Nov. 16. 1833 : Ann, born June 30, 1833, ^^'ho 
died about 1897, the wife of John E. Hershey, of 
Paradise township ; !Mary, born June 26, 1836, mar- 
ried to Bishop Isaac Ebv, of Kinzers, Lancaster 
county; and Susanna, born Feb. 5. 1S39, who died 

Both John Alellinger and his wife were leading 
members of the Old Ivlennonite Church, where 
they were respected and beloved for their many 
traits of true Christian character. When John !Mel- 
linger began farming operations for himself, he lo- 
cated in Strasburg township, purchased a farm of 
102 acres, situated some two miles north of Stras- 
burg and there he spent hi? days and reared his large 
family in peace and comfort. A lover of law and 
order, he instillerl such principles into his children, 
and through life he was one of the best of citizens. 
ever respecting the rights of others, an'd leaving 
behind him a large circle of warm friends. 

Jacob Meliiiiger was born June 27, 1S26, on the 
farm where he still lives, a son of John ami Annie 

(Hertzlerl AFellinger, and was reared on this farm 

and was sent to the public schools. Not until his 

tliirtieth year did he decifle to set up a domestic 

hearth, being united in marriage Jan. 15, 1856. to 

Elizabeth Hershey, a daughter of Rev. Jacob Her- 

,-hey. of Paradise township, who was born Zvlarch 

8. 183T. Seven children have been born of this 

union : Margarett, born Oct. 22. 1S56. the widow of 

, Isaac Lefever, of Paradise township ; John H.. born 

i Dec. 7, 1858, who married Barbara Denlinger. and 

I has seven children, Benjamin, John, Jacob, Enos, 

! Jesse, Annie and Martin ; Ezra H., born Feb. 3, 

I 1861, who conducts a dairy and milk depot, in con- 

i nection with his father's farm, married to I\lary K. 

' .-mdrew. with tv^-o children. Annie and Clarence; 

: Anna, born July 4. 1864, married to Ezra L, L'uck- 

i waiter, who is nov/ a farmer of ^.larion county, ZnIo. : 

I Jacob H., born Nov. 27. 1S66, a farmer, residing 

i at the old home; 1\[ary E., who was born April 10. 

i !o70. and died Dec. 3, of the same year; and.Fran- 

I ces, born Sept. 25. 1871, who m.arried Isaac H. 

i Rohrer, a farmer of Paradise township. 

! Since 1889, 'Mr. Mellinger has lived retired from 

I active life, leaving stronger and younger hands to 

I carry on the duties of tlie farm.. Having reared his 

i family in the tenets of the Old Mennonite faith, it 

j gives him great comfort to find them adhering to 

i it as they reach maturity. His son Jacob is associ- 

I ated with the Welsh Industrial Mission as secretary 

; and assistant superinteiKlent, and he purposes even- 

i tuallv to give himself entirely to tl:is work. 

i ISAAC DILLER. For many years Lancaster 
j liad no more prominent or useful citizen than Isaac 
I Diller, who passed out of life in that city Nov. 28. 
' 1S92, and was laid to rest in Woodward Hill ceme- 
I ttry. lie was born in Lancaster Feb. 5. 1823. and 
j was a direct descendant of Casper Diller, a French 
I Huguenot, and the progenitor of the family in Lan- 
; caster county. There are documents in the posses- 
sion of the family dating back to Michael Diller 
( 1543), who was a court preacher and also a dis- 
tinguished Hterarv man. some of his works being still 
; extant. Casper Diiler came to A:rierica with his wife, 
! Barbara, whom he had married in England, and tiieir 
I three children, and in T738 settled in the locality of 
I New Holland, on i\Iill creek, in Lancaster coiuH}-, 
j Pa., where he engaged in agriculture, becoming a 
: very successful man. Many members of the family 
j have been prominently identified with the medical 
I and legal profession?, and the ministry ; some gained 
i distinction in tlie Revolutionary war and in subse- 
i qi;ent struggles for the rights of American citizens 
I in the United States. Casper Diller had three sons — 
j Philip Adarn, H. Martin and Casper, Jr. — and seven 
I daughters. 

i Philip Adam Diller, son of Casper, was born near 

Heideliierg, (lermany, and came to Lancaster witli 

his parents. He married Magdak-na. daughter of 

1 Leonard EUmaker, who came from Germany and 

- 'ett'ed in Ear! township, this county, in 1726. One 



of their children was Leonard, the grandfather of 

Leonard DiHer served in the Revolutionary war. 
He married .Magdalene Hinkle. daughter of Rev. 
Faiil Hinkle, and left rive children, George, Adam, 
feremiah, Elizabeth and }.lary. Gen. Adam Diller, 
tlie second .son. v/as for two terms, be;dnning in 
1S35, adjutant general of Pennsylvania — the second 
highest officer in the State at that time. During the 
j.Iexican war he raised a company for the Govern- 
irent service and was out for a short time. He was 
2 bold and courageous man, and a fine horseman. 
Dillerville, Lancaster county, was built on his land. 

George Diller, son of Leonard, and father of 
Isaac, resided in Lancaster, where he was in business 
during the greater part of his lift-. He married L>dia 
Sender, and had eight children: William: Jacob 
W. ; George ; Sanniel ; Isaac : Catharine, who married 
John Reilly. and left two sons. Edward and John ; 
Sarah, wlio married \V. Fi^^her. of Chamliersburg; 
and Mary Ann. who became Mr. Fisher's second 
wife. The second son. Dr. Jacob W. Diller. was the 
teloved rector of St. Luke's. Brooklyn. N. Y., for 
nearlv forty years : he met a tragic death on board 
the ill-fated steamship "Seawanaka." 

Isaac Diller was rearerl at Lancaster, and started 
out in life as a boy in tiie mercantile business. His 
first employment was as clerk in a grocery store. 
and from 1S36 to 1S43 '"'■^ ">^''i-^ S- '■'^crk in the dry- 
goods store of George Fahnestock. He spent five 
years in the store of John JM. L.ane, and gained a 
reputation for integrity, besides acc^uiring valuable 
1<nowiedge of the business. In 1848 he entered the 
Steinman hardware store, as bookkeeper, and after- 
"vvard becaine a valuable salesman. From i860 to 
1872 he was a partner in the firm, which was knov.-n 
as George ^1. Steinman &- Co. In the last named 
year he retired from t!-.c firm, but continued his busi- 
ness relations therewith until 1877. when he pur- 
chased the large hardware establishment on East 
King street, and successfully conducted business 
there until liis death, assisted by his sons. He v.-as 
a vestryman of St. James Episcopal Church until, 
m 1S53, he helped to o^-ganize St. John's Free 
Church, of which he was a charter member. Tie was 
chairman of the buililing committee, and senior war- 
<!cn from 1854, until his death. He always mani- 
fested a deep interest in the attairs of the church. 
In the renovation of the property, in 1871, he as- 
sumed three-fifths of the expense incurred, besides 
the sum subscribed, and. as the records show, made 
*'a generous donation of the lot adjoining.'' Fra- 
ternally he was a member of the Blue Lodge, F. & 
A. M. While he was a Democrat in politics, he was 
never an active politician, performing onl_\- the duties 
<jf good citizenship. 

On June 6, 1S40. Mr. Diller was united in mar- 
riage to Anna M. Frey. who was born in the city of 
Lancaster, daughter of Jacob and Maria (Haver- 
stick) Frev, the former of whom was a wholesale and 

retail dealer and general merchant in Lancaster ; he 
died in 1875, '^^ the age of seventy-rive years. Mrs. 
r^Iaria (tlaverstick") Frey died in 1S76, aged eighty 
years. Both were members of the Reformed Church, 
and both were interred in Lancaster cem.etery. Their 
children were as follows : Catherine married Jacob 
King, and died in 1902 ; William died in 100 1, in New 
Jersey ; Anna ?vl. is the widow of Lsaac Diller ; Jacob 
I,, is a leaf tobacco merchant in Lancaster : Maria 
L. (deceased), was the wife of John B. Markley; 
Amanda, who is a resident of Lancaster, first married 
Harry Zink, and, for her second husband, Jacob 
Roth, who is also deceased; Emma (deceased), was 
the wife of John D. Skiies, of Lancaster; Jan^es B. 
( deceased) . v/as a prominent merchant in Lancaster ; 
and Adeline (deceased), was the wife of Dr. F. A. 
Gast, of Franklin and Marshall College. Tlie pa- 
ternal grandparents were Jacob (Sr.) and 
ine (Brisler) Frey, of Lancaster, the of 
whom was a very well-known merchant, and man- 
ager of a transfjortation line between Pittsburg and 
Philadelphia before the building of the railroads, 
and was also interested in the operations of iron 
furnaces in Lancaster countv. He was one of the 
reception committee of five to receive and entertain 
George WashinL'ton when lie paid his only recorded 
visit to Lancaster, on July 4. 1789. Both Jacob Frey, 
Sr., and his wife died in Lancaster. They had a 
family of twelve children of whom four v,-ere named 
Jacob, thrse of these dying in infancy, and the fatlier 
of Mrs. Diller being the youngest. 

On the maternal side also Mrs. Diller is connected 
with old and honorable families. Her mater.nai 
grandparents were William and Mary (Deshler) 
Haverstick, the former a native of Lancaster county 
and the latter of Philadelphia. William Haverstick 
was a lieuvenant in the Revolutionary war. in early 
manhood he studied medicine under the celebrated 
Dr. Rush, but later embarked in the jewelry business 
in Philadelphia and in Lancaster, settling again 
in Philadelphia, where he died in 17S0. He was a 
son of Col. Micliael Plaverstick, who cam.e from Ger- 
manv to the I'nited States in I735- and v,-hose title 
was obtained by service as an officer in the Revolu- 
tionary armv ; he is recorded as having been a good 
and reliable soldier, and at one time had entire charge 
of the wagon, trains under Gen. Washington. 

Children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Diller as fol- 
lows : Jacob died in infancy ; ]Miss Lydia is at home ; 
Rev. Alonzo P., a graduate of Franklin and Marshall 
College, Lancaster, and of the General Theological 
Seminarv. New York, and afterward ordained a 
priest of the Episcopal Church, married Marian 'Slor- 
rell. and he and his wife and child perished in the 
terrible Johnstown (Pa.) flood, in which city he 
was the beloved rector of St. ]\Iark's Episcopal 
Church; George S. died in infancy; William F., 
who is a coal and slate merchant in Lancaster, 
■•ied Lida Schofield. .'in^i tliev have three children, 
M?.rv B., .Alonzo P. and \Villiam F., Jr. ; Charles F. 



is a resident of Lancaster city ; Isaac died at the age 
of three years ; Samuel E., who died June 4, 1902, had 
one son. Robert D. ; Anna M. is tlie wife of Dr. 
Edwin D. Starbuck, who is a professor of the great 
-Stanford Lniversity, of California, and tliey have 
had two sons, Arthur and Edwin (the latter de- 
ceased), and one daugliter, Anna M . 

Mrs. Diller and family are members of tlie Epis- 
copal Church, and they are factors in the intellectual 
and social life of Lancaster. .Miss Lydia Diller is 
a Daughter of the Revolution and prominent in that 
connection, but is probably Ijctter known as a man- 
ager and secretary of the Witmer Home for Old 
Ladies, located in Lancaster. 2\Irs. Diller is much 
esteemed, and hers is one of the refined and intel- 
lectual lionies for which this beautiful city is noted. 
She enjoys her library, and keeps fully abreast of the 
times in current literature, being favored with as 
good eyesight as in her youth. 

HARRY B. .SLACK, justice of the peace at In- 
tercourse, Lancaster county, who has made for him- 
self more than a local name as a wide-awake and 
public-spirited citizen, was born iMarch 13, 1851, in 
the township where he still lives, a son of Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Brower) Slack. His father was born 
in Chester county and his mother in Lancaster 

Joseph Slack came into Lancaster county in com- 
pany with his parents when a child, and was reared 
in Leacock township, where he followed farming 
for a time, retiring from that occupation some thirty 
years prior to his death. For many years he lived 
retired in the enjoyment of the competence his in- 
dustry and economy had accumulated. A man of 
public affairs, he was school director for thirty 
years, and tax collector ten years and was intimate- 
ly associated with local interests in many ways. He 
died December 29, 1900, when eighty-six years old, 
and his wife passed to her reward Oct. 29, iSui, at 
the age of seventy-six. Both were buried in the cem- 
etery of Christ Episcopal Cliurch in Leacock town- 
ship, of which they were m.embers. Joseph and 
Elizabeth Slack had six children : Anna L., the 
widow of Samuel Snvder, living in Leacock town- 
s"hip : Esther R., married to John High, who is at 
present street commissioner at Christiana. Pa. : 
Christie E., who married \Mlliam Hoar, farmer of 
Salisbury township : J. IMilton, who married Jose- 
phine Nelson, and died at the age of thirty-three 
years ; Harry B. : .Susannah B., who is unmarried, 
and makes her home with her sister, I\[rs. Snyder. 
The parents of Joseph Slack were Jolm and Ann 
(Smith) Slack, of Chester county. Pa., the former 
of whom was a blacksmith. In 1S16 he removed 
his home to Lancaster county, where he lived and 
died. Hcnrv Brov.-er was the father of Mrs. Toseph 

Harry B. Slack was married .Vpril 12, 1S76. in 
Chester, Pa., to Kate E. Raincer, and they have had 
four child.rcn: Joseph P... who murried Susan Le- 

fever, and lives in Pittsburg, Pa. : Charles 3,1. , a 
school teacher, who is at home, as are also K. Bes- 
sie and Harry B. Mrs. Kate E. (Raineer) Slack 
was born in 1S56 in Philadelphia, daughter of 
Charles H. and Kate (Everts) Raineer, of that 
city. They removed to Chester, v.-here the father 
was engaged in the coal and Imiiber business, but 
he spent his last years in Philadelphia, d_\ing in 
1889, at the age of fifty-two years. In Irs. Raineer. 
who now resides in Camden. N. J., was born in 1838. 
She belongs to the Methodist Church, as did alsO' 
Mr. Raineer. They were the parents of the follow- 
ing named children: Kate E., }vlr3. Slack; Sally, 
who died at the age of nineteen years ; William B.^ 
who died in 1895, ''^ Alabamxa; Frances B., \\!io mar- 
ried Warren Burgess, and lives in Camden. N. I. ; 
and Charles H., wlio lives in Philadelphia. 

Harry B. Slack remained with his parents until 
he reached the age of twenty-two \-ear5, when he- 
entered a general store at Chester and spent eight 
years. In iSSo he came back to Leacock township. 
and for ten years was engaged in farming and as 
a clerk at sales. In 1890 he was elected a justice 
of the peace, and has continued to (ill that position 
to the present time, with marked credit to himself 
I'nd to tlie satisfaction of the communitv. Pie has- 
acquired a fine reputation as a business man and art 
uprigiit citizen. He has taken the third I'ogree in 
Masonry and in religion is a member of the L'n;ted 
Brethren Church. In his political relations he is a. 

DAVID E. GROFF. That the State of Penn- 
sylvania should stand pre-eminent among her sister 
States is not remarkable, when th.e material from 
wdiich she draws her agricultural supremacv is con- 
sidered, for the tillers of the soil are the bone and 
sinew of any commonwealth, the source of her wealth 
and greatness. In the great county of Lancaster 
may be found score upon score of intelligent, pro- 
gressive farmers, whose industry is untiring and 
whose integrity makes of them the best of citizens. 

Among the old and honorable agricultural famil- 
ies of this favored county is that of the Grofls, who- 
have been connected with, milliner and min- 
ing interests here for a great number of years. The, 
grandfather of David E. Groff was named Joseph 
CroJt. and both he and his brother Abraham, as well 
as a half-brother, locally known as "Swair.p John- 
Groff," on account of the location of some of his 
land, were widely known and became the progenitors 
of large families. Joseph Groff was of German- 
descent, and was an extensive farmer in Martic. 
now called Providence township, ov.-ning a large 
farm located some two miles southeast of New 
Providence. Upon this farm a valuable vein of 
iron ore was later opened and or)erated for some- 
sixty years, although not during the life of Joseph 
Groff. who devoted his time exclusively to his fami- 
ing iiUcrc-ts. He lived to a good old age, respected 
In- all. and was buried in what is vet calieil Shenk's- 



burving' qrcund. in Providence township. Joseph 
Groff was three times married, the children of the 
first union numbering eight. (i) John was a 
farmer of Providence township : he first married 
}.Iarv Eshleman and second. Leah Kendicr. (2) 
Jacob was a day laborer of ilartic township. By 
his first wife he had two sons — Eli and Ephraim, 
and two daughters; by his second wife, Barbara 
2\Iiles, he !iad four sons, Benjamin, Plenry, Alfred 
and Emanuel, and two d.aughters, Barbara and 
Elizabeth : his tliird wife, Polly Herr, bore him no 
children. (3) Joseph was a farmer in Drumore 
township, where he died. Two of his sons are living : 
Isaac, of Drumore township, and Elias N.. of Wash- 
ington. D. C. (4) Abraham was a farmer of 
Strashurg township; he married a cousin, f-'annie 
Grofi, but all of his family have passerl away. (5) 
Henry died unmarried. (6) Samuel became the 
father of David E. ( 7) Elizabeth married David 
Nesswanger, of Eden township. (S) A daughter 
died voung. The second marriage of Joseph Groff 
was to !Mary Shaub, but no children were born of 
ihis union. Joseph GrofT married for his third 
wife Nancy \\'hitestick, and from this union were 
born : David, a blacksmith, of Alartic tovv-nship, who 
married .Mary Kendig, and removed West; Benja- 
min, a fanner, who sueceei.lcd to a part of the old 
liomestead and married first, Eliza Le fever, and 
second. Annie Shaub: Amos, wlio began life as a 
farmer, but later became a liotei keeper, and still 
later was made sheriff of Lancaster county ; Frank- 
lin, a farmer, and later engaged in hotel keening; 
and Martha, wlio married John Miller, of Provi- 
dence township, formerly a farmer, but latterly a 
hotel keeper. 

Samuel Groff was born in Providence township 
in 1S07. and was reared on tlic old homestead, re- 
ceiving his education m tiie best schools the dis- 
trict then afforded. Engaging in farming in Eden 
township, he was operating a fine farm of lOO acres 
when the Civil war broke out. In the spring of 1S62, 
he enlisted as a private in the 7th P. V. C. and gave 
up his life for his country, dying at Nashville, Tenn., 
in July. 1S62, from wounds received in a skirmish 
in which he was gallantly fighting. He had married 
Barbara Ronk. who was born in Leacock township, 
a daughter of Philip Ronk ; she died March I. 1849, 
in the thirty-eighth year of her age. the mother of 
eleven children ; Elizabeth, deceased ; Rachel, the 
wife of Jacob Homsher. of Strasburg; Jesse, of 
Lancaster, the trusted night-watchman of the Wick- 
ersham Printing Blouse ; Rebecca, the wife of Islar- 
tm Reese, of Providence township ; David E.. the 
subject of this biography: Albert, deceased: Sam- 
uel, a resident of Drumore township: Benjamin, de- 
ceased : Isaac L.. a farmer of West Lampeter town- 
ship : Jacob, a resident of Lancaster, the competent 
engineer of the Penn Rolling Mill ; and Henry, who 
died in infancv. 

David E. Groff was born Dec. 25, 1S37, grew up 
on the farm and learned the science of farming in 

a practical wav, v.diich knowledge he has applied 
in the management of his extensive agricultural op- 
erations in several townships. At the age of nine- 
teen he started out to carve his own fortune, chose 
the milling busmess. beinc instructed by Christian 
Binkley and for the following thirteen years fol- 
lowed the trade, leaving it to enter farming on an 
extensive scale ; lie has operated in Strasburg town- 
ship since then, with the exception of ten years 
passed in Paradise and West Lampeter townships. 

Not only is David E. Groff known to his fellow- 
citizens as an excellent farmer, miller and public- 
spirited citizen, but thev can also easily recall that 
in August. 1S62. v.dien his coimtry called for de- 
fenders, he was one to respond, enlisting as a private 
in Co. G, I22d P. \'. I. and narticipating in the bat- 
tles at Fredericksburg, Antietam and Chaucellors- 
ville. serving gallantly and gaining the respect of his 

On Dec. 22, .1S64. David E. Groff was married 
io Mary A. Shaub, v>-lio was born in Strasburg town- 
ship, April 14. 18,57. ^ daughter of Jacob and Sophia 
(Hiiber) Shaub, and to this union eight children 
have been born: Charles, born in January. 1867, 
died on tlie day of birth : Harry F., born in ^larcii, 
! 1S68, no\v a resident of East Lampeter township, 
I who married Ida Leman, qnd has one child. Dora ; 
I Christian J., bcrn in May, 1S70. who married Nettie 
I J.Iowery. and has one child, Catherine; Lizzie S., 
! born in Feliruary. 1872, v.ho resides at home: Katie 
I E., born in November, 1S73: Amos PL, in Novem- 
I bcr, 1S75 ; -''forris D., in September, 1S77: and Jesse 
I R., in March. 18S0. Politically. Mr. Groff is an 
I ardent Republican, has taken an active part in pub- 
I lie matters in the township, for five years has served 
! as the efficient judge of elections, and is justly con- 
j sidered one of the leading men of this locality, iden- 
j tilled with all progressive movements. Socailly he 
I is connected with J. N. Neft' Post, No. 406, G. A. 
i R., of Strasburg. 

I ANDREW PI. HERSHEY, the well known 
I merchant of Petersburg, Huntingdon Co., Pa., who 
j resides in Mountviile, Lancaster county, was born in 
1 East Hempfield. April 9, 1S50. one of the seven 
I children of John L. and Elizabeth I'Hanlen) 
I Hershe'.-. The other children of the fam.i'y are: 
; Tobias H.. in the coal business at Petersburg: A.nna 
j H., wife of Benjamin S. Risser, a retired farmer of 
i Clav township ; Emaline IT., niarried to Harry S. 
j Bowers and hving on the old homestead in East 
: Hempfield township: John H.. a farmer in the same 
i locality : Susan, wife of David C. Sowders. a mer- 
j chant in Lanca?ter: and Elizabeth.. v\iie of Harry 
! Cassell, a farmer of Penn township. 
i The paternal grandparents of .\ndrew K. 
Hershey were .A.ndrew and Elizabeth (L-andis) 
1 Hershey, of East rlenipntld and Manhei.-n town- 
I .ships, respectivelv. Andrew Her.slicy was a life- 
! long farmer and died in 1832, when forty-eight 
I years old; his wife had passed away in 182S, at the 



early atje of thirty-ei^lit years. To this couple 
were born the following children : Anna L., v;ho 
married Jacob Snavely, lioth now deceased ; Mary 
L., deceased wife of the late Jacob Gotshall : Jacob 
L., who married Anna Stehman and died in Peters- 
burg, where his widow still resides : John L., de- 
ceased, father of Andrew H. : Henry L., deceased, 
married to Eliza Swarr, who resides in East Hemp- 
field ; Elizabeth, deceased wife of Jacob Erubaker; 
Christian, deceased, married to Susan Swarr, who 
resides in Landisville ; and Andrew, deceased, 
whose widow, Susan Kaufman^ lives in 'Petersburg. 
The maternal grandparents of Andrew H. Hershcy, 
Jacob and Eliza ( Scachrist) Hanlen, died respec- 
tively in 1837 and 1S30. 

Andrew H. Hershey received a good education 
and at the age of twenty-five opened a coal and lum- 
ber vard at Petersburg. The following year, in com- 
pany with his fatlier, he started another coal and 
lumber yard, of which he assumed the entire man- 
agement, but a year later the father's interest was 
purchased by one of the other sons. Tobias H., and 
the brothers then began the handling of leaf tobacco 
in addition to the other business. In 1S88 Andrew 
PL Hershey removed to the village of Cordelia, and 
purchased a large stock of general merchandise of 
!Mr. Habecker ; one of his clerks was appointed 
postmaster and the ofhce was located in his estab- 
lishment. In 1893 he removed to ^vlr.untville but 
retained his mterest at Cordelia until 1896. In 1S9S 
he relincjtiished his coal and lumber business by sell- 
ing that lucrative trade to his brother, and is now 
engaged in the mercantile business in Silver Spring, 
Lancaster county, and has tobacco warehouses in 
Lancaster Citv and ^dountville, the business in Lan- 
caster being conducted under the firm-name of A. 
H. Hershey & Co.. the junior partner being Jacob 
PI. Huber. }ilr. Hershey is also engaged in the 
creamery business at Manheim, under the firm name 
of Hershey & Levan. 

Mr. Hershey is a director in die Greenwood 
Cemetery Association- in Lancaster, being also its 
treasurer and a director of the People's National 
Bank of the same citv. Fraternallv he is a member 
of the 1. O. O. F., die, Jr. O. U. A. ^.t. and the A. 
O. K. of AL C of which he is treasurer. 

In politics ^[r. Hershey is a Republican. In 
tBqo he was elected a member of the Board of Prison 
Inspectors, serving as secretary of the board the 
first year, the second year as its treasurer and the 
third year a.s its president. In 1S93 he was elected 
sherifi, and is well qualified for his responsible po- 
sition. His high character and his genial manners 
have won him a high place in the regard of his 
fellow men. 

On Jan. 2. 1S77, I\[r. Hershey was united in mir- 
riage with Miss Salinda B. Kaufi'man. a native of 
East Hcmpfield township, and a dauq-hter of John 
and Elizabeth (Bimesdcrfer) Kauffman. residents 
of Petersburg. living retirei,!. The father was born 
in April, 1830. asul the mother in December, 1834. 

and to this marriage has been born one child or.iy, 
Salinda B., now Mrs. Plershey. tier parents are 
devout members of the iNIennonite Church. The 
paternal grandparents of i\Irs. Hershey. Christian 
1 and iMardia (Miller) Kauffman, are retired farm- 
I ing people of East Hempfield township. Mrs. 
! Hershey's maternal grandparents, George and Su- 
sannah (Meyers) Bimesderfer, were retired farm- 
ing people of East PIcmpficId, and there George 
Bimesderfer died when he was ninety-one years old. 

CHRISTIAN SHOFF, the great-grandfather of 
Frederic Shoff, a proininent business man of Lan- 
caster county, came from Germany, and settled in 
this county on the farm now owned by ShoS i 
Good, along the Pequea, in Conestoga tov,-nship, 
Lancaster Co., Pa. He married Miss Nancy Deahni. 
of Strasburg township, and they had the following 
children: John, a cooper by trade, who lived at 
Marticville ; Jacob, a York county farmer ; Abraliam, 
a farmer of Bainbridge, Lancaster county : Christian. 
of Clearfield count) ; hrcderick, grandfather of t'" red- 
eric : Henry; Barbara, wife of Frederick Buck- 
waiter; Nancy, wife of Bartley Clark; Susan, v.-iio 
died unmarried; ilartlia, wife of John Rumor, of 
Center county ; atid Fanny. 

Frederick Sholt v.-as tlie father of t\'.'elve children, 
all now deceased except Christian, the fatiicr of 
I'Vederic, viz.: John; Frederick; Christian, win 
died in childhood; .Martha, wife of William Reil ; 
Nancy, wife of Andrew M chaffy; -Vbraham : Jacob; 
Christian (2), born Sept. 27, 182 1 ; George: Bar- 
bara : Plenrv, of ^lartic tov.'nship ; and Margaret. 

(.liristian Sliotf lived on the home farm until 
after he \v'as married, and then went to w^ork in th;e 
roliing-niill at Colemanville, where he remained about 
fourteen years, after which he went l)ack on tiie old 
farm, whicli he worked on shares for four years. 
He then returned to the rolling-mill for six years, 
and back to the farm again for two years. His ne.'^ct 
move was to Shenks Ferry, where lie kept hotel for 
six years. At the end of this time he returned to 
Colemanville. the place of his birth, where he lias 
lived for tv/enty-four years, and there he srii! makes 
his home, with his children. He married 'Eli?.?.. 
daughter of David Groff, of Lancaster countv, and 
ihev are the parents of the following named ciu'dren : 
INIaris. of Philadelphia; Martha, wife of Martin H. 
Good; John, of Altoona, Pa.; Henr\', of }.[artic 
township ; Abram, of Logansport, Ind. ; Frederic, 
the subject proper of this sketch ; Christian, of 
Conestoga ; Annie, wife of Martin B. Foulz. of 
Conestoga ; and George, deceased. 

Frederic Siioff was born April i, 1837, on the 
old farm where his ancestors first settled, and he re- 
mained at home until he was fourteen years old, when 
he started in tiie contracting business for him.seif. 
taking logs off the river and also dealing in furs. 
For eight years lie followed fishing and trapping, 
and then went to work for his uncle for four years. 


.y^^.^ /^^^^ 


alter whicli he lived six years on the old fann where 
he was born. He tlien bought the place where he now 
ro^ides, and has ever since l.ieen en^'aged in farmintj 
and contracting. Mr. ShoiT also has a fiourmill and 
,-.;iw and planing mills. He has been higiily success- 
ful in all his undertakings. C)ne of his first profitable 
ventures was the purchase of a bridge which had 
bfcn blown into the Sus((uehanna, from tlie Pennsyl- 
vania Raii^vay Comjiany. He removed it in about 
.-ix weeks, and cleared about Sjo.ggo on the deal. In 
iSq6 yir. Shoft commenced growing Paragon chest- 
uuis, establishing an orchard of 185 acres, which 
he sokl m tlie fall of the same year to a Mt. Joy com- 
|ianv. In iSo" he started an orchard of 300 acres, 
which he still holds, and another of 600 acres in York 
county, which he sold in tb.e fa!! of that year to W. 
G. Reist. He also has another grove, of 370 acres, 
well started. Aside from several pieces of property 
ni Columbia and Lancaster — eight dwellings in the 
latter place and two in the former — Mr. Shoff is the 
owner of over 3,000 acres of land, and in 1901 he 
siiipped over forty thousand railroad ties — all made 
on his own property— and cut and chopped over five 
thousand telegraph poles, besides manufacturing 
thousands of feet of lumber, etc. He keeps seventy- 
rive men in his employ. 

In i8g8 .Mr. Shoff conceived the idea of utiliz- 
ing the Susquehanna river for generating power, 
and he .'it once organized -i coiiiijany frir that purpose, 
at York Furnace, known as the York Furnace Elec- 
t-'ic Heat & [/"owci Comi)any, whicli has already in- 
vested several hundred thousand dollars. 

In iooi Mr. Shoft also launched another enter- 
prise of cbnsidcrahle magnitude. Having 
to erect a large hotel on his property at Peqnca. on 
the Susquehanna river, he at once put the wheels in 
motion, and a three-story and basement structure has 
been put up, which, when completed, is expected to 
atrord accommodation for 150 guests: Mr. Shoft in- 
tends to keep his hostelry open all the year 'round. 
He has also put up twenty-seven cottages at the 
same place, of which he has made a very attractive 
summer resort. 

In the fall of 1901 ]\Ir. Shoff started a movement 
to secure a trollev road from Lancaster to York 
Furnace, to be known as the Lancaster & York 
Furnace road. After the initial survey was made, at 
nis own expense, a company was organized with a 
capital of $200,000, Mr. Shoit being elected presi- 
dent. Under his energetic supervision tlie matter 
has progressed rapidly, and success is now assured, 
it having through his individual efforts gained the 
right of way. 

Mr. Shoft' is a Repubhcan in politics, and holds 
the position of school director, in which lie has served 
for the past sixteen years : for six years he was also 
director of the poor, and is now commencing his 
third term in that incumbency. In politics, as in busi- 
ness, he has been very successful, having never suf- 
fered defeat when a candidate for office. Fraternally 

1 lie is a member of Millcrsville Lodge. No. J'yj, F. Sc 
I A. }.I. : 01 Tribe No. 1003. I. O. R. j>I.. of Short, of 
i which he is treasurer ; and of the I. O. K. of M. C, 
i of ^[t. Nebo. 

I On Oct, 9, iS;-S, ^Ir. Slioff married iliss Dolila, 
! daughter of Samuel W'arfel. of Conesloga tovvn- 

sliij:), and they h.ave had eight children, as follows; 

Floyd, deceased ; Waiter, who is a fireman on the 

Pennsylvania railroad ; William, at home, employed 

in the mill ; Chester, vv-ho is a clerk in Frey's store ; 

}i[iIton. deceased; Edgar, with his uncle, Christian; 

Earl, at home; and Frederic, Jr., at home. 

Mr. Shoff was left without a mother at twelve 

years of age, and was almost entirely deprived of 
j The advantages of an education, but he has ever been 
! one of tlie most enterprising and successftd men of 
I Lancaster county. He is vcrv progressive, and al- 
I v.'ays ready to lend a helping hand to any enterprise 

I for the advantage of the county in which he lives. 


HILL F. D-V^/IS, who for many years was en- 
gaged in farming in Colerain township, Lancaster 
county, was born in Delaware count}, Pa., in Feb- 
ruarv. 1844, s"'" '^i William S. and Catherine 
rEnglc") Davis. The jiarents were also natives of 
Delav/are county, wh.ere the father was born in 1S04, 
and the mother in 1805. His parents, William and 
Rachel ('Robinson) Davis, passed all their married 
life in Delaware county. 

\Vil!iam S. and Catlicrine Davis lived on a farm 
in Delaware county until 1855, v/licn he sold the 
place and niov'cd into Coierain township, near the 
Chester county line, where he owned the large 
place known as the "Col. Bell farm." There he re- 
mained imtil his death, in 1SS7; his wife passed to 
her reward in XS83. They were reared in the faitii 
of the Friends, and always adhered to that belief. 
To them were born eleven children, of whom nine 
lived to maturity, Caroline and Susan dying in 
young womanhood, (i) Joseph Davis, born in 
Delaware county, married }.Iiss Lucretia Hayes, of 
Chester county, where they made tlicir home for 
some years, then moving into Colerain townsiiip ; 
there his wife died, leaving one daughter, Cather- 
ine, who is now the widow of Rufus Springer, of 
Chester county. Mr. Davis later married Isiissj 
.\nna Wright, of Delaware county, where they lo- 
cated, and where he died in 1900. (2') Mary 
Davis, born in Delaware county, married James F. 
I Turner, of Lancaster county, and after living for a 
I number of vears on a farm in Colerain township 
I moved into Chester county, where Mr. Turner died, 
! leaving his widow and seven children : William, 
now in Dakota ; Caroline, wife of Charles White- 
side, of Colerain township : Montgomery, in Da- 
kota : F.ngle, of Sioux City, Iowa ; Anna, v,-ife of 
Samuel Whiteside, of Colerain township: James; 
and .-\bbie. widow of William "Reynolds, of Atglen, 
Chester rountv. ( i) Dora Davis was born and 
educated in Delaware county, and married James 



T. Barnard, of Chester county, where they lived 
on his farm until April, 1902. when they moved to 
Christiana, Lancaster county. They have had se/en 
children, of whom three died in infancy; William 
D., living in Philadelphia, who married Laura 
Shrack, of Northumberland, Pa. : Harry W., who 
married Ella Sidney Cooper, of Bird-in-lland, Lan- 
caster county, and lives on the old home, "Rosa J\Io- 
rado Farm," in L'pper Oxford, Chester Co., Pa. ; 
Alary, unmarried, at home; Dr. Everett, engaged in 
the practice of his profession in Philadelphia. (4) 
William Da\'is. born in Delaware county, married 
Miss Shcminith Underwood, and made his home 
in Colerain township, where Mrs. Davis died. Later 
he married Isabelle Plolmes, of Chester county, and 
with her moved to Northern Kansas, where he died 
in 1884, leaving his widow and tow children, who are 
still in Kansas; Carrie, wife of William Harmon, 
of Kansas City ; and Edward, who is with his mother 
in Leavenworth, Kan. (5) Ellen Davis, born in 
Delaware county, married Brinton Walter, a grain 
merchant at Christiana, where they were living at 
the time of her death, in 1S83. She left one daugh- 
ter, Georgiana, a graduate ( 1902) of the Woman's 
Medical College, at Philadelphia. (6) Hill E. 
Davis is the sixth member of the family. (7) 
Louisa Davis, born in Delaware county in 1846. be- 
came the third wife of Brinton Walter. (8) Cath- 
erine Davis, born in Delaware couniy in 184S, is 
now the widov/ of Joseph Echternach, of Lancaster 
county. They were living on his farm in Strasbiirg 
township at tlie time of his death in 1S90. The 
widow and her two children have their home in 
Christiana. Carrie is the wife of John Danner, and 
Joseph is studying dentistry in a dental sch.ool in 
Philadelphia. (9) Harry Davis, born in Delaware 
county in 1853, married Miss Roberta Ross, of Ches- 
ter county, and they made their home in Christiana 
where she died, leaving two children. Helen and 
Norman. Mr. Davis later married Aliss Phoebe 
Evenson, of Bart township. They have their home 
in Christiana, where he is ensfaged in a planing 

Hill E. Davis was educated in the schools of 
Lancaster county, and at the Millersville State Nor- 
mal. He remained with his parents, and when a 
young man became manager of the home place, upon 
which he settled, living there until the spring of 
1SS9, when he purchased the AVilliam Paxson farm, 
near the line of Little Britain, one of the finest farms 
in the township. There he had a large stone house, 
a fine bank barn and outbuildings, and there he re- 
mained until the spring of 1902, when he sold the 
farm to his son \MlIiam, and moved to the Johnson 
farm near Oxford. 

Mr. Davis was married Dec. 7. 1S69, to Anna, 
daughter of David and Plannah (Turner) Bunting, 
who settled in Colerain township, where he died in 
1859, his widow surviving until Jan. 4. 1902. They 
were the parents of five children : Nelson, of Cole- 
rain townsiiip ; V\'"ashington, of Oxford, Chester 

county; Laura, wife of Jerre King, of Oxford ; Ella, 
wife of William Burling, also of Oxford; and Anna, 
Mrs. Davis, who was born in Colerain township- in 
October. 1S49, ^"^ completed her education in the 
Union high school. She died on the farm in Cole- 
rain, Dec. 15, 1900. Mrs. Davis was a Christian 
woman, and long a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, having united with that body in her girl- 
hood. She was the mother of five children: (i) 
Laura Louisa, born in Colerain tov/nship, in Decem- 
ber, 1S70, was educated in the Union high school. 
She was married in October, 1892, to Calvin 
Swisher, son of Samuel and Amanda Swisher, and 
they located in Coatesville, where lie was engaged in 
the grocery trade up to the time of his death, in 
1S93. His widow is nOAV living in her father's 
liome. (2) William S. Davis, born in July, 1874, 
who now owns the home place, was married Feb. 
10, 1903, to iliss Lena Boyd, of Colwyn, Delaware 
Co.. Pa. (3) Clyde Davis, born in December, 1S75, 
died in 1882. (4) Josejjh Davis, born in August, 
1S84, is now a student in the Union high school. 
(5) Fred Davis, born in February, 1SS6, is at home. 
Mr. Davis and his family are ail members of 
the Presbyterian Church of which he has been a 
trustee for twelve years. In policies he is a Demo- 
crat, and for twelve years has been school director 
in Colerain township. Hill Davis, as he is commonly 
known, is a man of fine character and loft>" princi- 
ples, and commands the heartv and unstinted respect 
of the community in which his quiet but useful life 
is passing. 

JONAS HUBER. Among the successful and 
lepresentative citizens of Martic township is Jonas 
Huber, ix^rn j\pril 14, 185 1, son of Henry and Annie 
(Hess) Huber, both of whom are deceased. 

The Huber family was founded in America by 
four brothers of the name, who came hither from 
Germany in tiie seventeenth century, one of whom 
settled in I-ancaster county and one in Bucks county. 
Pa. Abraham Huber, grandfather of Jonas, was 
the father of ten children, namely, Plenry, Nancy, 
Martin, Joseph, David, Alartha, Barbara and John, 
the others dying young. Plenry Huber, son of Abra- 
ham and iather of Jonas, was a merchant and tailor 
in Alarticvrile for more than fifty years. He was 
the father Qt nine children, five of whom grew to 
maturity, namely : David H., a retired farmer of 
Alartic towni^hip ; Abraham, a farmer of Conestoga 
township: Jonas; Sarah, the wife of Henry Rohrer, 
of the city of Lancaster ; Samuel, also of Lancaster. 
Henry Hnber was a Republican in his political at- 
tachment and was a most highly respected citizen. 
He belonged to the Alennonite Church. 

Jonas Pli'.ber was reared in Marticville and early 
made himself useful to his father in the store. Af- 
ter completing his education in the public schools, 
he entered mercantile business and the wisdom of choice of occupation is shown in the success 
which has atrcnded his efforts. As a merchant he 



has displayed jjood business capacity and by honor- 
able and upright metliods has won and has kept the 
best trade of tlie town and vicinity. His store and 
dweih'ng are both vahiable properties, and in the 
latter is carried a general line of seeds, suited to the 
demands of his trade, for which there is a contsant- 
Iv increasing patronage. 

IMr. Hubcr was first married in 1S74 to Miss 
Mary ililler, of Providence township, a daughter 
of Abraham ]\Iiller, and two children were born to 
this union ; lilizabeth. who died in girlhood ; and 
Annie, the wife of Adam Shank, of Ivlanor town- 
ship. Mrs. Huber died in 1889. In 1891 Mr. 
Ruber was united in marriasje to Aliss Mary Pless, 
daughter of Amos Htss, of Pequea township, and 
this marriage has been blessed with two children: 
Verna, now deceased ; and Ethel at home. 

Air. Huber has been an important factor in po- 
litical life in Martic township and for a number of 
years has most efficiently filled offices of responsi- 
bility. For several years he has been postmaster 
of ilarticville ; iu iSon was appointed mercantile 
appraiser in the county, in iSgS was made paster 
and folder for the State Senate, and in iqoo v.'as 
elected jury commissioner of Lancaster county. Ke 
has shown his interest in educational matters by 
service as school director and has been assistant as- 
_sessor of his township. He is known as one of the 
leading Republicans cf that pare of tlie county. In 
both public and private life he is a man to be held 
in high esteem. 

spelled Bossier), attorney-at-iaw, Lancaster, was 
born in Manheim township, Lancaster county, Jan, 
2, 185^), son of ihe late John and Leah (Minnich) 
Bassler. The ancestors of the Bassler family were 
of Svviss origin, and came to America from their 
native land about 1749. 

Christian liassler, grandfather of Christian G., 
was born in Manheim township, Lancaster county, 
and there spent his entire life, engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. On attaining his majority he mar- 
ried Catherine, who came of one of the 
eld families of the county, and of their children but 
one survives, Christian H., who resides on the old 
homestead in Alanheim township. Christian Bass- 
ler died in 1S62. aged seveiity-nine years. His wife, 
born in 17S7, died in 1S65, aged about seventy-ei^ht 
years. Their remains are interred in the family 
graveyard located on the homestead farm. 

John Bas:4er was born in Manheim township 
in 1S15, and like his father spent his entire life in 
his native township, -engaged in the peaceful voca- 
tion of a tiller of the soil. To him and his wife were 
bom five children : (i) Frances Augusta, married 
Herman W. Graybill and had the following chil- 
dren: Nora B., wife of John 'M. Groff, attorney-at- 
'aw, Lancaster ; John B. ; Laura, deceased ; Daniel ; 
Catherine. (2) Amos H. resides in Lancaster. He 
married Kate J^iiller, and they have one son, Harry 

j M. (3) John Jacob resides at home. (4) Christian 
I G. (5) Benjamin F. died in 1878, aged eighteen 
I years. John Bassler died in Manheim township, 
I May iS. 1861. Flis wife, who survives him, hves 
I at Petersburg. Lancaster county. 
i Christian G. Bassler, having lost his father when 
but six years old, went to live with his gryndpar- 
I cuts and remained with them until 1S65. He then 
! removed to the house of his uncle, Jacob Gamber, 
j where he remained until he was fourteen years of 
I age. During this period his education was limited to 
I a very brief attendance at the district school. When 
! he attaincfl the age of fifteen vears he ^vent to ilan- 
; heim and lived with his guardian, Elias Eotnberger, 
;uKi for two vears he was a pupil in the Manheim 
j school, .--t the expiration of this period he received 
a teacher's certificate, and securing a school he 
, taught in Penn town?hip until 1876. He then entered 
i the MiUersville Normal School for the purpose of 
i taking a regular course and v.'as graduated there- 
: from in 1878. He then secured a school in East 
I Hemprield township where he taught for feur years. 
j Meanwhile he was industriously engaged during his 
I S]iare hours in reading and studying law, and he was 
i admitted to the bar in the fall of 1882. Removing 
! to North Dakota, he settled in Minewaukan. where 
; he successfully practiced his profession for five years. 
I Duruig this time he served as county attorney for 
! Benson county, Dakota, for several months. In 1S87 
j he returned to Lancaster county and settled in the 
j City of Lancaster, since v.-hich time he has success- 
fully jjracticed his profession in that city. 
! Mr. riassler was married in Lancaster in 1879 
i to Maria, daughter of Isaac and Elizabeth (Ruth) 
' Shissler. of Lancaster, and they have had issue 
j as follows: Olive Lodelia, a teacher in the public 
! scliools; John i'ranklin, who died in chiMhood; 
j George H. ; ^\"illiam Sidney. >,Ir. Bassler is a mcm- 
I of the Lancaster County Bar xA.ssociation. and takes 
: a deep interest in whatever pertains to the arlvance- 
i nient of she material interests of the association and 
; members. 

' J. MILTON HUBER. The Huber family be- 
i longs a.mong the old agricultural settlers of Lancas- 
ter county, vrhere it has grov/n and flourished these 
; manv years, its descendants and representatives be- 
; iiig among tie most highly esteemed in this part of 
the State of Pennsylvania. 

Grandfalfier Abraham Huber was born in Ger- 
many, and diere he was reared until young man- 
hood, when 3ie came to the United .States and first 
located in tine State of Virginia. His permanent 
I home, liov.'evtcr, was made in Lancaster county, and 
' it was in La;rBpetcr townsliip that he prrchased h-is 
' first tract of Hand, consisting of seven acres, v.'hich 
' lay just soutia of Willowstrcet. a village which was 
' then just being laid out and platted in five-acre 
; tracts. Mr. Huber, with foresight, saw 
' his opportunity, and began buying these five-acre 
' tracts until hf v,as in possession of 120 acres, a great 



part of this land being now owned bv his grandson, J. 
ililton Ruber. 

Abraham Huber \vas a carpenter by trade, and 
worked at it until his land required his personal at- 
tention, v.-hen he devoted his later years to its im- 
provement and development. He lived to be sev- 
ent) -eipiit. He married Polly Sr.aufter, their chil- 
dren being: Katie, who married Abraham Harnish ; 
I'olly, who married John Huber; Susan, who mar- 
ried John Ycrdy; John, wiio was a well-known 
farriier of considerable prominence in East Hemp- 
field township, and was locally called ■'Pap"Huber ; 
and Levi, who was the tatlicr of J. r\[;lton. The 
parents had reared the family in the instruction and 
membership of the Old ilennonite Church. 

Levi Huber was born in i8r2 and died in 18S4. 
He was brought up on the farm and received his 
primary ediication in the public schools, his father 
later procuring lor him a private tutor, under whose 
instruction he became educated in the profession of 
a scrivener and also of a .surveyor, later engagins^ 
in farming, as well as in rhe practice of these arts. 
His life v.-as spent on the old homestead at Willow- 
street, as he succeeded to the property, and both 
socially and in a business capacity he was widely 
known and esteemed. 

Levi Huber was married to Catherine Ruperts 
who was born in Conestoga township in 1819, and 
died in 1S93, her life having been devoted to good 
works and the rearing of a family of ten children, 
these being: Abraham, who was a successful farm- 
er in West Lampeter and died at the age of sixty- 
three, leaving a widow, since deceased ; Elizabeth, 
<leccased, the wife of Martin Witmer, of West 
Lampeter township, now of Strasburg ; John, who 
died at the age of thirty-eight, leaving a widow : in 
his profession of physician he served in the Civil 
war. remaining four years at Hilton Head, S. C, 
in the Hospital corps, as its superintendent, was a 
graduate of Jefferson IVTedical College and had 
previously studied medicine with Dr. Carpenter, of 
Lancaster; Catlierine, deceased wife of Benjamin 
Hufifman: Susan, the wife of Beniamin Hastings, 
also deceased ; Louisa, the wife of John L. Brenne- 
man, of Lancaster City ; Mary, who died in child- 
hood; Elam. who died at the age of twelve; Levi. 
who died at the age of forty-three, a graduate of 
Jefferson Medical College, having previously read 
with Dr. Boyle, of Hagerstown. }.Id., and at the 
time of his death a surgeon in Kansas, in the cm- 
ploy of a Western railroad. 

J. Milton Huber, of whom this biography is 
written, was the youngest of the family of Levi and 
Catherine Huber, was born Dec. 17, 1853, was reared 
on the large farm of his father, and attended the 
common schools of the district, later taking a course 
in the State Normal School at Millersville. When 
twentv-three }-ears old he began work at the car- 
penter trade, and since then has given a portion of 
his time to it, and the remainder to operating his. 
farm, as he owns eicliteen acres of the old home- 

stead. This place lie has iniyiroved by the erection 
of a fine, modern brick residence and otlier substan- 
tial buildings, v.hich make it a m.odel country jiome, 
and one of the most attractive places in the neigli- 
tiorhood, Mr. Huber demonstrating that he is not 
only a competent carpenter, but aNo an excellent 

As one of the leading men in tlie district and an 
ardent Republican, he has been recognised bv the 
party of his choice and his activity rev/arded by the 
ajipointment to local offices, having been a most 
etticient justice of the peace for the past fifteen }'ears. 
During this long term of service he has never had 
any of his decisions reversed. His aim has been 
to adjust all matters peaceably, and to each case he 
gives time and close attention, and has thus gamed 
the confidence of the community, who feel sure of his 
just dealing. 

The marriage of J. !\Iiiton Huber occurred in 
September. 1S75, to Henrietta Gall, a daughter of 
Henry and Xai'cy (Furry) Gall, who was born in 
Conestoga township in 1851. When ?dr. Huber 
was but twenty-three years of age he became a mem- 
ber of the M. E. Church, and .since that time has 
been one of its most active supporters and con- 
si.'itent members, has served for several years as 
trustee and is the efficient superintendent of the .'^im- 
flay-school ; in everv wav he is a good citizen, leav- 
ing done all in his power to advance his family, scc- 
I tion and State. 

I RESFL Henrv Resh. who came from Germany 
I to Pennsylvania in 1748. first settled on a 
I tract of land a short distance east of Lancaster, 
i where he spent three years. In 175T he bought 125 
I acres in Lcaccck township, from Joseph M.usser, 
for which he paid £475. After his death, in 1754, 
this property passed into the hands of his wiflow, 
Frena Resh, and from her to her son, John, and, 
with the exception of a small fraction, was still held 
by his descendants in 1902 — the larger portion, witii 
the mansion house and original home, bv Jacob 
Ranck, a great-great-grandson : the remainder be- 
longs to the estate of I\[ary Sliirk. a great-great- 
granddaughter. Henry Resit was the father of five 
children, two sons and three daughters : John, boni 
m Europe March 2, 1737; Elizabeth, born in Europe 
Aug. 2. 1739; Christian, born in Europe Sept. 3. 
[-43: Barbara, born in Pennsylvania Jan. 13, 1751: 
and Magdalena. born in Pennsylvania March 19, 
1753. .The history of the family is traditional and not 
at all full. The daughters all married. Elizabeth to 
a Mr. Stoner. and Barbara to a Mr. ^.liller. The 
daughters of Mrs. Elizabeth Stoner married Brcss- 
lers ; and her son. while yet a young man. was killed 
by his horse running away down the little slope just 
west of Henry Ressier's mill, on the ("^Id Philadelphia 
road, which is now the Bird-in-Fl?.nd turnpike. .\Lag- 
dalena married Jacob Denlinger. 

John Resh. the eldest son of Henry, came into 
, possession of the old homestead in 1762. Fie mar- 


<^/jl^ ^ y-leA^ 



riod Elizabeth Stoner and had the following children : 
b;irbara, born jMarch 31, 1762; Henry ( i), Jan. 13, 
i"0-i (died in intancy ) ; Fronica, April 20, 17CO; 
jolui, April 25, 17OS; Joseph. Jan. 20, 1771 ; Henry 
1,2), June 7, 1773; a daughter, Sept. 10, 1775; 
::usanna, Jan. 27, 177S; Qiristian, April 18, 1780. 
.liter the death of his first wife, Elizabeth, John 
Resh married Alagdalena Eshleman, by whom he 
liad tlie following children : Jacob, who died in in- 
fancy; Jacob (2) : Elizabeth; Alary and Alagdalena, 
twins ; and Es' 

John Resh (born April 25, 1768), owned and 
lived on the old homestead in Leacock township, 
fie married Barbara £by, and they had one son, 
David, born I-'eb. 22, 1802, who died unmarried, at 
the age of tvv-enry years. A daugiuer, Lydia, who 
was born in 1803, married John Esbenshade, and 
after his death became the wife of Henry Denlinger. 
Another daughter, Eli;:abeth, never married, and died 
Dec. 17, 1875. A tliird daughter, Barbara, married 
Adam Ranch. A fourth daughter. Alary, became the 
wife of Henry Eby. 

Joseph Resh, born Jan. 20, !77i. married Esther 
Sensenig, by v>hom lie had the following named 
children : Joseph., Daniel, Jacob, Aloses, Peter, John, 
Samuel", Benjamin, Elizabeth, Susanna, Fanny, 
Esther and Alary. AJ! lived in Washington county, 
Aid., and in Franklin county. Pa., with the exception 
of Jacob, wlio marie his hcm.e in' Lancaster county. 

Henry Resh, horn in Leacock townsh.ip June 7. 
1773, '^^rly learned the carpenter's trade, which he 
followed for a number of years, and in connection 
v.'ith his brothers did ranch construction in Leacock 
township, a number of houses and barns which they 
built being yet standing'. In his later years he v.-as 
a farmer. He died June 5. 1849, i" religion a member 
of the Old Alennonite Ch.urch. His wife, Alagda- 
lena, daughter of Francis and Alagdalena Buck- 
waiter, was born in 1784. They had seven children, 
all now deceased, one of whom, Daniel, died in in- 
fancy ; Anna married John Bosler, and after his death 
became the wife of Jonathan Weaver ; Alary married 
Samuel Sensenig; Elizabeth married Peter Heir; 
Alartha married David Bair; Fannie married John 
Euckwalter ; Henry B. is mentioned below. 

Henry B. Resii was born in Upper Leacock 
township Jan. 23, 1S20, and lived with his parents 
until he was twenty-seven years of age. His educa- 
tion was received in the public schools, and he be- 
came a prominent and useful citizen. When he was 
twenty-seven he married Alary Euckwalter, daugh- 
ter of John and Judith Euckwalter, and by her had 
one child, a son, who died in infancy, and was 
motherless from its birth. Air. Resh was later mar- 
ried, Alarch 21, 1S55, ^'^ Susanna Sheaffcr, who was 
born in Londonderry, Ireland, daughter of John and 
F.Ienore (('Tarvey) S'healter, and came to this country 
with her family when quite young. This union was 
blessed with three children : ( i) Alary E., born Jan. 
4, 1856, died Oct. 14, 1S95. She married Dr. John 

K. Shirk, of Lancaster, and became the mother cf 
four cliikh-eii.. Florence Ai., Alary R., Flelen R. and 
David R. (2) John died in infancy. (3) Anna AL. 
born Oct. 4. 1858, married Frank L. A'linnich. She 
lives with her widowed mother, and devotes herself 
to her two young children — Henriette R., born Dec. 
3, 1890. and Anna Resh, born Nov. 10, 1805. 

Air. Resh made his home on the old homestead 
where he was born, and where he carried on farming 
until he was about forty-two years of age, at which 
time he retired. He died in 1SS7. In business circles 
he stood h.igh in the community, and was a director 
of ihe Lancaster County National Bank for seme 
twenty years. In Leacock township he filled the posi- 
tion of school director for a number of terms, and 
was a progressive and public-spirited citizen, de- 
voted to public interests, and taking sides with the 
Republican party in all [t.ilitical issues. 

PHILIP AIECK. One of the respected citi- 
zens of Lancaster countv. Pa., who now lives a par- 
tially retired life on a fine farm of sixty-six acres, 
in West Lampeter townsh.ip, is Philip A'leck, a son 
of George Aleck, an old resident of this township. 

Philip Aleck was born June 13, 1820, in the old 
ATeck hom.cstead, Vi'as reared on the home farm and 
educated in the country schools, remaining under 
the parv?ntal roof until he had reached his majority 
His first b'.isincss venture for himself v/as when he 
began work by the month for his brother, and a 
couple of years ialer he took charge of one of the 
line farms which his father owned in Alanheim town- 
ship, where he remained for four years. L'pon his 
return to the old homestead he worked on shares 
until he was prepared to purchase, later becoming the 
owner of sixty-six acres of this excellent land. 

Until 1884 Philip Aleck carried on a gener.-il 
farming line upon this place, but at that time his 
son took charge of active operations and he pur- 
chased a home, with ten acres of land, in the village 
of LaiTipeter, and there he has since lived, iookir.g 
after this tract and enjoying the ease which his 
ample means makes possible. Although Philip 
Aleck has lived a quiet, unostentatious life, he has 
always been ready to respond when called upon to 
lend his influence for the public good. 

Philip Aleck was married on Dec. 4, 1S51, to 
Esther Wade, a daughter of John and Susan (_War- 
fel) Wade, i.vho was born in .Strasburg township 
A'lav 24, iS24;,to this union has been born a family of 
nine children, many of them among the most re- 
spected citizens of this county: . George W^, the 
farmer on the homestead, who married Alary Ervin 
and has a fanijly of three children, Ella, Elmer and 
Alable : Alaniiia, who married Benjamin Brubaker, 
near Frc-eport, III, and has three children, .Ralph. 
Elva and Nora; Susan, who married Adam Tout, 
of the vicinity of Columbia, and has four children. 
Arthur, Laun. Chester and Bessie ; Amos W., or 
Providence torvnship, who married Lillie Alowrer 



and has four children, Edna, Margie. Lester and an i 
infant daughter; ^lary Ann and Hcttie, twins, the I 
former of whom married Ephraim Kauttman, of 
IManor township, and has two children. Ralph and I 
Benjamin; and the latter married to Christian L. 
Herr, of Lancaster township, with four children, ' 
Paul, Esther, Elizabeth and Mary; Emma, at home : i 
Aaron J., a farmer near Freeport, 111., who married : 
Emma Shoemaker and has two children, Clarence 1 
and Titus ; and Lizzie, married to J. Newton Rohrer, i 
of Strasburg,with two children, Jay and Esther. I 

Both Mr. Meek and his worthy wife have long 
been connected v»ith the Old ^vlennonite Church, i 
where they possess the esteem of all; and no family I 
in the community stands in higher respect. I 

ISAAC PHENEGAR. of Strasburg township.. | 
is one of tlie representative citizens of Lancaster ' 
county. His maternal grandfather, Richard Glass, 
was the founder of the family in this locality, and - 
came from his home in Derry, Ireland, and located i 
here v.ith his wife, who had been Miss }»Iartha ' 
Watts, a member of the family so well known : 
through their musical contributions to the various j 
church hymnals. i 

Richard Glass and his family settled in Lancaster - 
county about 1804, and here he lived until his death, ; 
in 1842. He left a family of seven children : Tames, ' 
who removed to lov.-a and died there ; Joseph, who ; 
located in Utali and died there ; John, who removed '. 
to Illinois and died in Sterling : Richard, who lived ! 
and died in Iowa ; Mary, who married John Pctrie ! 
and moved to Oliio; Ann, who became the wife of 
Benjamin Phenegar and the mother of Isaac, of this ; 
biography (later married to John Ferguson) ; and ; 
Elizabeth, who married Henry Sides, of Paradise ; 
and Strasburg townships. Ann (Glass) Pher.egar ! 
was born in Strasburg township and died at the • 
home of her son, in 1S84, at tlie age of seventy-two. i 
She had two children, Isaac, and James, who died in 
infancy. i 

The birth of Isaac Phenegar occurred Jan. 4, I 
1832, and he was reared in his native place and at- 
tended the common schools, but at an early age he 
began to earn his own way in the world, beginning 
by doing odd jobs and assisting on farms, later en- 
tering a store and becoming a clerk. It was remarked ' 
that wdiatever Isaac attempted to do he did well, 1 
and when, on reaching the age of eighteen, he an- i 
nounced his intention of fitting himself for the pro- 1 
fession of a teacher, his associates knew that he ■ 
would accomplish it. After a winter spent in study 
he was found able to pass examinations satisfactorily, ; 
and for the following ten years was one of the most 
capable among the young teachers of Lancaster coun- ] 
ty, in the meantime being prepared by study and j 
intelligent application for a very different line of | 
work. ] 

In 1863 Mr. Phenegar became the manager of the ! 
Strasburg Railroad, and served efficiently in this j 
capacity for the succeeding ten years, at the end of ' 

which period he leased t!ie road and operated i; . :: 
his ov.-ii responsibilit}- for the following tifteen year-. 
About this time he became interested in the'Fir.-- 
National Cank of Strasburg, with which institution 
h.e has been connected as a director to the preser.: 
time. In connection with his business in railrovM:! 
matters he conducted a and dealt in a'.; 
kinds of grain, coal, etc., and also engaged ex- 
tensively ni tobacco packing, managing all these 
lines with the intelligence which leads to success. 

In 1863 3,Ir. Phenegar v."as married to Jdiss E!- 
mira Weaver, a daughter of John and Saraii \\'eaver. 
of Paradise township, and he and his wife are tlie 
parents of three daughters : Anna, who married T. 
C. M}-lin, the railroad agent located at Leaman Piac;, 
and has three children — Arthur, Donald and Ever- 
ett: Emma Eugenie, who married \Vi!!is C. Herr 
of Lampeter, and has two children, Robert P. nv. '. 
Richard ; and Eva, who married Rev. Joseph H. 
Earp, assistant rector of St. James Episcopal Church.' 
of Lancaster, and has two children, !Marjorie and 

For some thirty }ears l\Ir. Phenegar has be;n 
(he talented chorister of the :\I. E. Church in Stras- 
burg and has been prom.inent in the aiTairs of that 
denomii^ation and a leader in educational and re- 
ligious circles in tiie community. ilr. Phenegar 
has cScienuy filled the office of school director for 
the past six years and during his resilience in Para- 
dise tov.-nsliip was a justice of the peace. As one 
of the most active and progressive business men of 
this part of Lancaster county he has gained the con- 
fidence and, esteem cf its citizens, and they see in 
liis career the results of honesty, energy and appli- 
cation, and the rewards of an exemplary life. 

SA^dUEL ALEXANDER, a farmer and mer- 
chant of Mount Nebo, Martic township, is one of its 
lionorable and esteemed citizens. He was born in 
Alartic township June 20, 184S. son of John an^i 
Susan ('Zaroc!:er) Alexander, of Martic township, 
of Scotch-Iri.'ih descent. 

John Alexander, the father, was a son of John, 
and one of a family of six children, viz., Samuel. 
David, James, Thomas, John and Rachel, all de- 
ceased. He W'as born in 1803. married Susan Z-i- 
rocher in 1S20, and died in 1877. They had a family 
of seven children, namely: Claris, who was killed 
while in the service of his country, during tlie Civil 
war; [Martha, the wife of Amos W'alton, of Fulton 
township : ilary, the widow of Lewis Jenkins : Sam- 
uel : Rebecca J., the wife of Henry I\Iarsh, of Lan- 
caster; John A., of IMount Nebo: Calvin, deceased. 

Samu.el Alexander i; a leading citizen of Martic 
township. His early rearing on the farm gave him a 
taste and inclination toward an agricultural life, and 
after finishing his school course, he engaged in and still owns several well im.proved farms 
in his vicinit}'. Mr. A.ic-<ander also conducts a 
first-class general store in tiiat locality, and is the 
postmaster of Mount Nebo, having been appointed 



bv ex-Prcsident CIcvelarul. In politics he has long 
hcen recognized as an important factor in the Demo- 
cratic party and at one time was the choice of the 
partv for the State Senate. In all matters pertain- 
in'^ to the progress and advancement of his localit}', 
Mr. AJe.xander takes a deep interest and is known 
as both liberal and public-spirited. 

On Oct. 20. iS/O, Mr. Alexander married Miss 
Jennie ^I. Hagcn. of I\lartic township, born April 3, 
"184.7. daughter of Elijah and Sarah Hagen, and this 
marriage has been blessed with eleven children, ten 
of whom still survive, as follows: Chester L.. born 
in 1871. of Chicago; Maris C, Ijorn in 1S72: Curtis, 
torn in 1S73 ; Gertrude, born in 1875, the wife of 
William Tollinger, of Fulton township : Z^linnie E., 
born in 1S76. at homiC; Emma, born in 187S. the 
wife of Ray Neel. of ]Mount Nebo; Walter S.. born 
in 188 1 ; Harrv B., born in 1883: IManie, born in 
18S4, and Charles, horn in 1885. John C. born in 
1S79, died at the age of two years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Alexander are leading members 
of the Methodist church, where they both are active 
in good works. He is one of the stewards of that 
bodv and is honored and respected liy a very large 
circle of acquaintances. ^Ir. Alexander is identified 
with tliese fraternal societies : The I. O. O. F., of 
Rawlinsville : tlie K. of P., of the same place ; and 
Lodge No. 158, Mystic Chain, of 2donnt Nebo. 

years Addison B. Longeneckcr, the owner of 120 
acres of some of the choicest and best improved 
land in Lancaster county, followed the plow, planted 
and sowed and in due season reaped a bountiful 
harvest, but now he lives a somewhat retired life, 
enioving the results of his former industrv and ac- 

The Longeneckcr family originally came from 
Switzerland, the country which has sent to Penn- 
sylvania some of her best citizens. Addison was 
born Dec. 27, 1841, a son of Jacob and Sallie (Bar- 
doff) l^ongenecker, of Ephrata township. To them 
a large family was born : Susannah, who died in 
childhood; Fianna, who married Samuel Sclilote; 
Henry, a retired farmer of Ephrata township : Addi- 
son ; IMary Ann married to Andrew M. Baker ; Al- 
len, who resides in Adams county ; Serena, who mar- 
ried John Bender : and Emma, who married Samuel 

Addison B. Longeneckcr was reared on a farm 
in W'arwick townsiiip and attended the common 
schools of his district, starting out in life for him- 
self with very limited means. However, he possessed 
industry and energy and with those levers be moved 
events and put aside difficulties until now he is con- 
sidered one of the substantial men of the community. 
This is an excellent thing, but Mr. Longeneckcr pos- 
sesses much more than a fine, well cultivated farm, 
for he is held in e=teem. bv the neighbors among 
whom his life iias been passed and they regard him 
as a valued friend, ever readv to extend a hand to 

h.elp. and as an upright man in all his dealings with 
I others. 

! The marriage of ?ilr. Longenecker occurred in 
I 1871, wiicn he was united to ]\liss Katherine Shirk, 

born Jan. 16, 1S40, a daughter of Emanuel and 
i Katherine Shirk, and to this union one child has 
] come, Sallie, born Sept. 19, 1880. 

I J. MARTI X GOOD, a wealthy and respected 

' farmer of Bart township, Lancaster county, was 
i born at his present home in that township. May 6, 
j 1849. and is a son of Samuel and Eliza (HoUis) 
i Good. Flis parents were both natives of Chester 
; county, v.-1;ere the father was born Oct. 18, 1709, and 
i the mother. May 20, 1804. She was a daugliter of 
; Georcre and Nancv Qloore) Kollis. both of whom 
j v.cre born in Chester county, Pennsylvania. 
! Samuel (jood was a son of Andrew and Anna 
I ( Bovle'i Good. She was born in Chester county, and 
I came of Irish parentage. Andrew Good was born in 
! Germany. He settled in West Fallowfield, Chester 
I county, before ih.e Revolutionary war. Two broth- 
i ers accompanied to America : one settled on the 
I Schuvikill river, near riiiladelphia, and the other 
' moved to Reading, where he lived remote from the 
two. Andrew Good settled on a farm, where he lived 
I and died. He v,-as the father of .seven children, (i) 
1 Grace Good, born in Chester county, died at the old 
i home in her ninetieth }ear, unnrirried. (2) ['oily 
j Good, born in Chester county, married Thomas 
i Pearcall, a merchant of Baltimore, and became the 
I mother of three children ; John, Isaac, anri Juliet, 
! who married S. R. Wright, all of Baltimore. (3) 
j Darlington Gooil. born in Chester county, married 
' Sarah Honr. and r.-ioved to Henry county. 111., v, h.era 
he died. They had the following family: Alban. 
Sarah. Darlingt'^n. Samuel, and Em"ia, who married 
a Mr. Alorris. of Illinois. 

(4) Emma Good, bora in Chester county, mar- 
ried tames Tunibolc, and m.oved to Henry county, 
111., where she died, leaving two children. Sarah and 
I Darlinnton. a prf^minent man of Chicago. 
j (5) Sarah Good, born in Chester county, is the 
' widow of Samuel P"in!ev, who passed his later years 
I at Ouarryville, where he died leaving the following 
' children : Echnos ; James, deceased : Lewis, who 
died in the Civil war: Samuel, of Chester county;"' 
Mary, who married ]Mr. Kimbell, and !iv;s in 
Ouarryville ; John, of Chester county ; and Martin, 
of Z\Ieclianicsburg. (6) Jane Good died unmarried. 

(7) Jacob Good married Sarah Davis, also a na- 
tive of Chester county, settled in Chester county, on 
the orieinal Good home where he was born, and left 
the following children: IMary, the wife of Martin 
E^^penheim, living in Chester county; Davis, de- 
ceased ; Emeline, the widow of John Wilson, of 
Philadelphia; Sarah, the widow of Dr. Goman, of 
Coatesville: Ellis, who lives in Atgien; Elmira, a 
resident of Philadelphia. 

(8) Samriel Good, the f.athcr of J. Martin, was 
r':ared in Chester county, where he was given a 



common-school education, and bred to a farming 
life. In 1S30 he m.arried Eliza Flollis, and lived for 
a year in Valley. In 1832 he bought the farm 
en which his son is now established near Bariviile, 
in the township of Bart ; this he cleared with the as- 
sistance of his son, made extensive improvements, 
and erected the buildings which are now standing 
on the place. In 1S80 he removed to Christiana, 
where he lived retired, to the time of his death in 
1889. His wife died at the farm home in 1S63. 
They were members of the Presbyterian Church in 
Octoraro. Politically he was a Democrat, and held 
a number of local offices at <lifferent times in his 
active and useful life. He was one of the hrst free 
school trustees of Bart township. To him and his 
excellent wife came the following family : 

(i) T. F. Good, bom in iJart township in 1S33, 
married Miss ^Nlary Mundcnhall, of Eart township, 
and for a number of years he worked at the carpenter 
trade. Diiring tlie Civil war I'e served in the State 
militia during the Rebel raid into Pennsylvania. For 
some ten }ears he worked at farming, and in 1872 
moved to Renova, Clinton county, where he is em- 
ployed in the shops of the Pennsylvania Railroad. 
Of his chil'.iren, Clara, the oldest, is the wife of 
Charles \'ar Gordan, of Renova; Florence is the 
widow of Charles Young, of Renova : Abraham 
lives at Altoona; George lives at Lancaster, X. Y. ; 
Albert is in Renova: Jenietta is the wife of Isaac 
Gates, of Renova ; Ella is at home. 

(2) Anna E. Good, born Aug. 27, 1835, '* ^'-- 
widow of John ^JcGova^, of Sadsbury township, 
and has one son. John W., v,ho is a farmer in Sads- 
bury townsliip. 

(3) Sarah J. Good, born in June. 1837, is im- 
married. and lives at the old home in Chester county, 
where she is a dress maker with a pleased and con- 
stant patronage. 

(a) \\''. H. GcK^d, born Jan. 5, 1840, a business 
man of Philadelnhia, married I'.Iiss Sally J.Ialoy, and 
has one son. Dr. A. P. Good, of that city. 

(5) Mary L. Good, born Zvlay 15, T.S42, is unmar- 
ried, and lives in Chester county. 

(6) San'iuel R. Good, born June 2T. 1S44. mar- 
ried Miss Mary Moore, of Bart townsb.ip, and lived 
with her in Brooklyn, N. Y.. where he is a contractor 
and bmider. The wife died in Philadelphia, leaving 
three children, ^\'a^hington. Nellie and Wilson. 

(7) Washington Good, born Nov. 20, 1846, en- 
listed in Co. D. 2(1 Pa. Cav., and died at Camp Stone- 
man. Va., April 20. 1864. 

J. Martin Good began life as a farmer boy, was 
educated in the local schools, and when only four- 
teen years of age had charge of his father's farm. 
In connection with farmmg he has fol!ov,-ed for 
many vears the business of an auctioneer. 

Air. Good was miarried Dec. 25, 1879, to Mary 
E., the daughter of Patrick and Susan (McNeal) 
Swisher. She was born in Eden township. Sept. 
10, 1855. Afcr?r their marriage th.e young couple 
lived on the old homestead,, which has been their 

residence to the present time. To this marriage hz: -^ 

come two daugh.ters: Ellen Maud, born Feb. ,:■ 

1882, grailuated from the Ouarryvilie high sclio ' 

and now a successful teacher in Bart township, h..; ;. 

ing a first-grade certihcate and enjoying a reputa:;- 

of more than the usual ability; Malissa Alay, bor-! 

: Jan. 7. 18S6, a student in the Bartville high'schr-'/ 

; Mr. Good has been prominently identified wit'; 

i the Renublican parly, and at ditierent times h;,: 

I held various local and tov.m offices. In 1890 he nr , 

1 made census enumerator for Bart township, and ir - 

! ten years has been' road commissioner. He has Icn:.' 

i been a judge of the elections, and was actively asso- 

; ciated with the building of the Central high schoo: 

I of Bart township. He and his wife are members cf 

! ^Middle Octoraro Presbvterian Church. He is an 

I industrious and hard working man, an upright citi- 

I zen, and a kind neighbor. Idis neighborr. spe.?.!-: 

j warmlv of his many good qualities and sympathetic 

! spirit, and he enjoys the hearty and unstinted re- 

sjicct of the community in wh.ich his life is passing-. 


1 ^_ FREDERICK BUCHER. In reviewing the 
! lives of successful men the keynote that has gaineii 
I fame and contidence for them is not uncoinnicnlv 
i sought. Some men win as plrjdders, others by dash 
I r.T:d bniiiancy. In his earlier life, at least, Frederick 
{ was a man of action. He po.^--se3sed the cour- 
i age to ci)Oose for himself, to create opportimities 
j ratlier than to become th.cir creation, and tliis faculty, 
i with his keen sagacity, has contributed immensely 
j to his success. As one of the wealthiest, most pros- 
j perous citizens of Coluinbia, a brief outline of his 
1 career is especially interesting. 

j Air. Uucher ^^■as born in Deggingen, AVurteir.- 
j berg, Germany, Sept. iS, 1830, son of Joseph Ivlaxi- 
I radian and Barbara (Bernauer) Bucher, and 
I well educated in his youth in his native town. His 
lather was a prosperous merchant, and at rifteen 
Frederick entered the paternal dry-goods store and 
grocery as a clerk. A year later iie assumed the 
management of a carbonic spring, tlie propertv of 
his father, located at Ditzenbach, near Deggingen. 
Here he remained six years, gaining a knowledge cf 
business and men wdiich has stood him in good stead 
in the varieni business interests in which he lias 
since engagal. In 1852 Mr. Bucher's nam.e, vvitii 
many others, was placed in the "army wheel," out 
the drawing oi Deggingen's recruits was completed 
without his name appearing in the lists, he havinsr 
drawn a number which cleared him from military 
service. In the fail of the following year he sailed 
for the new world beyoiid the sea, wh-cre he hoped to 
build a liome for himiself, make new friends, and a 
fortune, ail of which he has realized bevond his most 
sanguine expectations. Landing at New York, lie 
riid not at once find occupation which suited, the 
offer of a clerkship at eigliteen dollars a montri be- 
ing the best ti'.at was offered hum. Visiting an ac- 
quaintance in .Philadelphia, he found desirable em- 



p!oynient in that city also beyond iiis reach. Lcarn- 
■.'.;>:' that (jcorge Tille, whom he had known at Deg- 
/.Ti^cn, resided in Columbia, the ambitious voung 
■J. ,11 started for that borough, which lie reached in 
:!'.^; winter of 1S53. Air. Tille was a clerk in tiie iiard- 
v.;ire store of Jonas Rumple, and there the newly 
„rrivcd emigrant started up the ladder of success in 
.\!ncrica. For seven months he remained with iMr. 
ivumple, and at the end of that time accepted a better 
;,.iition with Henry Ffaliler, also a hardware mer- 
iiKint uf the borough, with, wliom he rcmnineu seven 
1. ars. In 1S58, deciding to seek "his fortunes in the 
,.x West, he resigned his position with Mr. Piahier 
. ::.l started overland for Caiitornia. In the vicinity 
,1 Salt I^ke City their camp, consisting of rifceen 
men, was suddenly attacked one evening by Indians, 
iliere was a vigorous defense, which gradually 
^i:.ckcned until -Mr. iiiicher and one other man were 
d.e only survivors of the party. Favored by the 
.brkness which had come on during the fighting they 
rlod and made good their escape. i\lr. Bucher finally 
reached New Orleans, but finding that the city was 
';uucring from an epidemic of yellow fever, he de- 
cided to give it a wide berth, and shipped on a vessel 
for Havana. However, the vessel v/as net allowed to 
hiid, as several cases of smallpox iiad deveioj)ed on 
beard. He then returned to Columbia, via New York 
City, and re-entered the employ of Mr. Pfahler. He 
became ovrner in a patented stove, but in 1859 the pat- 
terns were destroyed by nre and he had no means 
to pay for new ones, consequently the stove enter- 
prise proved a clear failure. This, however, was 
XI r. Bncher's first and only financial failure, and re- 
suited in his staying Vvitli Air. ?f abler as a clerk 
two years longer. Jn i8jSi he accepted a position in 
die hardware store of J. W. Cottrell, with whom and 
his successors he remained live years. In 1S66 he 
ftaned in the grocery and hardv/are business for him- 
self at the corner of Fourtli and Locust streets, Col- 
umbia, which he continued successfully tor twenty 
years. He also becartie largely interested in real 
'"State in Columbia, and is now one of the most ex- 
tensive real-estate owners there, in addition to otiier 
property, owning over fifty residences. He is a prac- 
tical builder, and his houses have been constructed 
under his direct supervision. 

In politics Mr. Bucher is a Republican, and has 
always given his party a heany and liberal support. 
He was elected a member of the borough council in 
•S8-|, and the following year served as its president. 
Fraternally he is a member of the I. O. O. F., hav- 
ing joined Susquehanna Lixlge, No. So, in 1S56, and 
has passed through all the cliairs : of the A. O.'^M. P., 
'•^'ith which he has been atiiliated since 1874, and in 
which organization he has al.^o tilled all the executive 
offices; and of Lancaster Lodge, No. 134, B. P. O. 
^- As president 01 the Columbia Rod and Gun 
<-'Ub lie has ably served tliat society, and is still one 
^f its most enthusiastic and prominent supporters. 

On Sept. 13, i8t32, Mr. Ikichcr enlisted in Com- 

i pany A, 2d P. V. I., and went with his regiment to 
; Chambersburg, where it remained until Sept. i8th, 
i when it went to Plagerstovvn, and thence three miles 
: out in the W'illiamsport road, where it formed in 
i line of bati-le and reniained tlierc twenty-four hours. 
; It then m.oved a mile farther and v/ent into camp. 
: but the same evening startei.1 for Greeiicastie, taking 
; cars for Plarrisburg, where Air. Bucher, with the rest 
! of the regiment, was mustered out of the service 
Sept. 25th. In 1863 Mr. Bucher was the eighth man 
: drafted in the army from the First ward of Colnmh.ia, 
but secured exemption, as the ward filled the quota. 
\ As a subsequent draft in the same year, his name was 
; again the eighth to bo clraun, and this time he paid 
$300 for exeniption. 

In addition to his mercantile and real-estate in- 
! terests. Air. Bucher has been prominently identified 
I with a number of successful business enterprises. For 
j vcars he has been a director of the Keeley .Stove 
I \\'orks, of Columbia, and for a time served as treas- 
I nrer of the Columbia Laundry JMach.ine Co. He was- 
! also for a good many years treasurer of the New 
I York Building & Association. 
' Air. Bucher ha.s been an enti!usia.-,tic traveler, 
• having visited Lurojie. Canada, the West Indies, and 
: all parts of the Cnited States. In iSSo he made an 
I extended trip tiirough F.iirope, revisiting his old 
■ home, and meeting his motlier and three sisters, from 
i whom he had long been so[)arated. Tv.o brothers 
j had followed him to .'Vmerica, Christian in 1853, and 
I Max in 1858. botli now deceased. Air. Bucher is 
I one of the wealthiest citizens of Columbia, but has 
! not, however, forgotten th.o Qiristian precepts of 
j his early training, and ihe Golden Rule has guided 
I his life. He has been generous in the distribution 
I of his means for the public good. A kind and loving 
' father and husband, a faithful and efficient public 
j, honest and jtist to his fellowmen, he ranks 
i as one of Columbia's most jirominent and intluentiai 
i citizens. He is actively interesterl in the aitairs of 
i life, and his beautiful home on Locust street, oppo- 
I site the city park, contains a well selected library 
I and many curic^s of interest. His disposition is corn- 
I panionable and genial, his observations keen and 
j practical, and few men are better liked for their 

individual worth and personal character. 
|- In i860 Air. Bucher married Aliss Louisa 
1 Bartsch, daughter of Alichael Bartsch. of Chestnut 
I Hill, Lancaster county, and to this union have been 
I born four children, viz. : Alary, who resides at home : 
Frederick C. who is a practicing physician in Co- 
lumbia, and married Aliss Estelia Brant; Emilie, 
who married Dr. J. W. Grove,'and resides in Colum- 
bia; and William, a druggist in Columbia, where he 
has two fine drug stores. 

BENJAAIfN Z. WITMER. a general farmer of 
Alt. Joy tovvuship, was born in that townsiiip July 2, 
18^8. son of Jolm and brother of David Witmer, of 



The education of ]\Ir. Witmer ^\•a= olitalnci in 
tlie district schools, and until his marriage' he roided 
with his parents. FoUowinpr event, lie licg'an 
farmincj nn his own account on his fatlicr'? land, 
operating' tlie home fann for three years, moving 
then to liis weli-cultivatcJ farm of tv/cnty-scvcn 
acres, upon whicli he has remained until the present 
time. r\[r. \\ itmer beionq's to the Repuhiican part}. 
His relicjious connection is with the Gcrmai\ Bap- 
tist Church. 

On Dec. 23. 18S0. ]\Ir. ^^'itmcr was married 
(first) in -Manheim, Pa., to Miss ^lalinrla 1'.. Car- 
man, born in Mt. Joy township, who died May r, 
1895 and was buried in }ilt. Tunnel cemetery. She 
was a daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Ganiian. tlie 
former oi whom was a carpenter in Lancaster coim- 
ty, where both he and wife died. On Feb. 2. i''^')7. 
Mr. Witmer was married ( second') in ^It, Joy town- 
ship, to Miss Susan Kautrman, born in Penn town- 
ship in 1X6,'?. daughter of Abraham and Cali'.erinc 
(McMullen) Kautt'man. of Lancaster county. r\Ir. 
Kauffman was a carpenter by trade and was a much 
respected man. His death occurred in tSSo, at the 
age of forty-two years, his wife having died in i':^j2. 
at the age of thirty-four years. They iioth were laifl 
to rest in White Oak Church ceiuetery. Their chil- 
dren were : Monroe, who is a carpenter, in Dren- 
nerville ; Lizzie, who married Samuel Ritter and 
lives in Springfield. Ohio ; James, who resides in 
Rapho township : Henry, a farmer near PennviUe, 
Pa.; Nathaniel, who lives in Lanca.sier; Katie, mar- 
ried to Piiilip Waterman, of Rickersville, Pa. ; and 
Susan, the youngest of the family, who became Mrs. 
Witmer. Mr. and IMrs. Witmer have no children. 

Mr. \\'itmer is an excellent farmer, a good neigh- 
bor and a first-class citizen. He and his estimable 
wife have a large circle of warm friends in their coiu- 

DANIEL S. VON NIED.V. .Vs pror-rietor of 
one of the most popular summer hotels of Lancaster 
county, Daniel S. Von Nieda has become acquainted 
not only with many citizens of Eplirata, but with a 
great numljer of intelligent and agreeal^lo people 
from various !^tates, who have found in him a mociel 
host and s:enial gentleman whom they are glad to 
call friend. The "Ephrata Springs Mountain 
House." located at Ephrata, is one of the most rie- 
lightful summer resorts in that locality, situated 
near the summit of Ephrata mountain, in the midst 
of a larL::e park of some 200 shade trees, and sup- 
plied with the pure and invigorating water of Epli- 
rati Springs, which- by many are coiisifiered very 

Daniel .S. ^'on Nieda was born Dec. 2.^. 1844. 
son of the late Jacob and Catherine (Swartz') Voii 
Nieda, of Cocalico township. The first of the Von 
Nieda familv to arrive in America, were si.T: broth- 
ers and one sister, namely : George. Martin. Jacob. 
Phih'p, Casper. Daniel and Catharine Vv-ho left the 
Pfalz on the Rhine call.:d Grammerchc!! in 1771. 

Of t!iose laoob settled at .\damstown, Lancasit- 
couiity. Pa. Jacob was the father of John. Rurly 
i'hilip (2nd"), Jacob (2nd). Henry, Elizabeth, ^iai,'- 
dalena. .\nmarie, and Catharine (2nd). ( )f t!:- 
above Philip ( 2nd) was the father of the following- 
children : Solomon, Philip (.^rd), Jacol) (,^rd). 
Elizabeth. .Susanna, and William, all of whom hav^■ 
pu>sed away. 

In r8i2 Jacob Von Nieda (3), son of Philip (2). 
married Catherine Sv.-artz. a daughter of Jacob au'i 
iMary ! Pannabecker) Swartz, and to them wcrr 
bom five children: Daniel -S. ; Jacob L., Ixirn in 
i8.).o. wlio died in chiidhood ; J. Wesley, ijorn in 
1853. v.ho married .Sallie Poger. of Reading, Pa., 
and is a printer liy trade ; ]Mary Emma, born in 1836. 
who married Rev. M. A. .Salt, of Oberlin. Pa., a 
minister of prominence in the United I' 
Churcli : and Richard W., born in 1858, a printer and 
[Hjblisher in Reading. 

Daniel S. \'on Nieda was reared on a farm in his 
}i>uth, and received his education in the public 
schools of Adamstown, beginning his business ca- 
reer as a photographer. During the Civil war lie 
served ele\'en months as a drummer bov in the 195th 
P. V. f. In T877 he started the Ephrala Rcz'ic'r. 
the first newspajjcr published in l-lphrata, in wiiicli 
enterprise his brother, J. Wesley Von Nierla, \\as 
associated with him. In [8S1 he purch.ascd *h: 
"Mountain House" at Ephrata, and for tlie last 
twenty years has bcun its successful proprietor, mak- 
ing it onf> of the most desiralile resorts in that par: 
of the State. On accoinit of the vigilance v.-liicli Mr. 
\'on Nieda constantly e.Kcrts, and also his known 
pronounced ])rohibition views, this hotel has justls' 
gained a reputation for respectability which make> 
it much sought after Iiy those of refined and cxclr.- 
sivc tastes. 

On Oct. 24, 186*;. Daniel .S. Von Nieda was 
ried to Miss .Sallie S. Zartman, a dauglUer of Will- 
iam and .\nnie (Singer) Zartman, anrl five sons liavc 
been Iwrn to this union, all of them children of wl'.om 
their parents have reason to feel jiroud. These chil- 
dren are: Oscar L., born Jan. 27, 1871, who mar- 
ried Miss Sarah H. Landis, and is a farmer in Eph 
rata: John W'., born Dec. 15, 1873, an electrician: 
Harry J., born T^larch 27, 1876, who is editor of the 
Ephrata Rct^ortcr, and resides at home: Robert ]).. 
born Aug. 16, 1880. who assists his father ; and 
\\'alter H., born Oct. 23. 1883, at home. 

As a business man anrl ex'cellent citizen. Mr. \'on 
Nieda stands high in the community, and socially he 
is known as a charitable and benevolent neighbor a- 
well as a true Christian gentleman. 

NO.aH L. GETZ. The first member of tlie Get;-, 
family to locate in Lancaster county. Pa., where for 
many years its representatives have lived honest and 
honorable lives, was John Jacob Getz. who came to 
America, in the good sliip "Dolphin," and land.ed m 
Philadelpliia in 1738. his home having been in Pfalr. 
( iermanv. .\fter a short resilience in this eouiurv. 



;■,• went back to Germany, but finally returncri and 
, .rated in Lancaster county, scttlinis; on Chestnt'.: 
iHU and occupyincr a iarc^e exiciit of country, some 
;. II) or 500 acres of the chijicest land of this fertile 
i,.unt\'. Of an enterprising and progressive spirit, 
lie favored many measiires for public improvement, 
and in evcr\' way testified to the confidence he had in 
•he future of the great country where he had found 
I l-.ospitable home. 

The family born to tiiis emigrant forefather con- 
-i>ted of many daughters and one son, Jacob, who 
iccame tiic great-grandfather of the present repre- 
sentatives of the name in Lancaster county. Great- 
grandfather Jacob Getz owned the old homestead, 
kiid in 1818, after making pniper provision for his 
numerous sisters, he built upon the place a large 
brick house and barn and suitable outbuilding';, and 
also erected a ijarn upon the farm which is nciw in 
ihe possession of Noah L. On this same I'lace in 
1S22 he built a house and ako put u;) some l)uildings 
at the "Black Horse Hotel. " The records show that 
he was a man of fertile' mind and considerable ca- 
pacity, followed farnnng successfully and carried on 
a business in the inanuf;icture of whiji stocks, whicli 
were sold in I'hiladeljihia. His family consisted of 
five sons: jdIui. (Icorge, Peter. Harry, and facob; 
the large estate was divided lictween them, and all 
scltlerl and married in tiint locality except George, 
■who was of a more adventurous and restless spirit. 

Grandfatlier John Getz was born Jv.iic IQ. ijoo, 
and died Nov. 18, 1842. He married Magdalina 
Gross, who was born Dec. 1. 1795, and died June 15. 
1857. They owned 11;^ acres of the old homestead, 
together with thirty-seven acres of timber land, all 
of which now belongs to Noah L. Getz. During his 
life John Getz filled a TU!m1>er of situations accejot- 
ably, being engaged in general fanning, while lie 
also taught school, and was called upon to serve as 
clerk at sales, his a1)ilit\' ])utting him far in advance 
of his neighbors. His family consisted of a daugh- 
ter, Lydia, and a son. Levi, tiie father of our subject. 

Levi Getz was born Dec. 28. 1827. and passed 
out of life Feb. 20. t8o6. His wife was a representa- 
tive of another old and well-known, as well as nit- 
nierous, family of Lancaster county. Maria L. Lan- 
dis, of ■Manheim township, .\fter his marriage, in 
1849, l''c succeeded to the property and became not 
only a prosperous farmer, but a noted stock raiser ; 
buying only thoroughbred stock and raising fine 
specimens of Holsteins, Shorthorns, Jerseys, and 
Devons, he was one of the leaders in this progressive 
industry in the county. The great and luxuriant 
nieadows of Lancaster county made the raising of 
fine cattle and stock a very profitable business, and 
I-evi Getz was so encouraged that ho went into the 
l.nisiness of improving his other stock also, introiluc- 
"ig some of the best strains of hogs ever brought to 
Lancaster county. 

For a tuimber of years he was one of the direc- 
tors in the Lancaster County National Bank and so 
niuch confiderice was placed in iiini that he was se- 

lected, at the death of lienjaniin Landis, his father- 
in-law. to become the guardian of the estate, and 
never was a trust more carefully fulfilled, or a great 
business matter better adjusted. Two children were 
born to Levi Getz and his wife ; Hiram L., a success- 
I ful nracticine phvsician of Afarshalltown, Iowa; and 

Dr. Hiram Landis Getz was born Nov. 14. 1850, 
in East Hcnii:>ficld township, Lancaster countv. His 
early education was gained in the schools of that re- 
', gion and then followed his professional studies in 
[ Philadelphia, where he was connected with various 
I hospital?, was assistant and student under the noted 
! surgeon. Dr. R. J. Levis, and was graduated from 
j the Jefferson .Medical G'llegc in 1874. He located 
I at Alarshalliown, Iowa. 

j In addition to his regular professional work, the 

1 doctor has been at various times connected with life 
I a.nd accident companies; has been county physician 
I for Marshall county: is chief surgeon for tb.e Iowa 
I Central Railroad and is connected with a number of 
I other Western roads ; was for three years a professor 
i in tlie Iowa College of i'hysicians and Surgeons : 
i and has held other profe>sional positions in the state, 
i too numerous to mention. Dr. Getz is a frequent 
i contributor to medical and surgical journals and has 
j invented a ntiniber of instruments and conveniences 
I for professional use. I'esides being promine'.it in 
i various State societie.-^. lie was elected president of 
the International Association of Railway Surgeons, 
1900-01. In politics Dr. Getz is independent; he 
has served en many State boards and as posrmaster 
I of Marshalltown, always introducing many improve- 
I mcnrs and reforms. 

i On }vlav 27, 1874. Dr. Getz married }viiss Marv 
1 E. Worley. and dicy h.ave two children: ^■'. Wor- 
I ley, also a phvsician; and Igerna I\(. 
! ' Noah L. Getz was liorn April 9, 18=2, and was 
j reared on tlie farm and received his education in the 
] public schools, having the advantages of a short term 
I at the Manheim Academy. On Jan. 6, 1870. he was 
i married to Fannie H. l-ioher, of East Hempfield. 
j vvho was born Nov. 28. 1856. and to them were born 
\ these children: Ferry R., a very bright young man, 
j born in 1877. graduated from Marshall CoHcge. of 
j Lancaster Ciiy, in the class of 1901 ; Noah R.. bom 
' in 1 870. educated in the common schools and at 
i present a student in the International School of Cor- 
I respondence, at Scranton. Pa. ; Maljle R., born in 
j t88r, educateil at the Manheim High School and 
1 graduated in ihe class of 1899: Annis R., born in 
i 18S2. who dies! in i88'>; John R., born in 1883, a 
student in the ifanheim high school ; Maria R., born 
I in 18S5 : Henry R.. born in 1887 ; and Roher, torn \n 
' 1801. 

i This trace?- the Getz family in otie lin.c, and other 
' information tdls of the will of John Jacob, which. 
' was made in jSoj, and mentions that his son Jacob 
j was one of the keepers of the "Black Horse Hotel " 
''■ and evidently erected tiie same. It is interesting to 
trace fatnilv •Pi)nnecti<.)us with old landmarks and 



much might be written which the Hmits of this bi- 
ography would not permit. 

When Noah L. Getz bearan life for himself he 

daughter of Miller and I\Iary (\\'att) Thompson, 
pioneers of Lancaster county. Mr. Wilson locat-M 
on his father's homestead where h.e remained uii 

•was twenty-six years old, and he and his wife settled I the spring of 1S84, when he purchased his preseir 

on a tract of 120 acres of land which he had pur 
chased from his father; and upon ihis place he has 
made his home, and added many valuable improve- 
ments, in 1S79 erecting tobacco sheds and several 
smaller buildings, and in iSoo erecting a fine 
modern brick residence, which is one of the 
most attractive homes in the county. In .-\pril, 1896, 
he succeeded to the old homestead, at which time he 
remodeled the buildings and now has one of the 
largest as well as one of the best craipped farms in 
the neighboriiood. 

Mrs. Getz was the recipient of a fine property, al- 
most adjoining the homestead, which was presented 
to her on her birthday, in 181/"), the two together 
placing in the family the largest farm in Lancaster 
county. Mr. Getz has dealt largely in tobacco, also 
in walnut lunger, and is one of the largest dealer.^ 
in stock and cattle in the county. Prominent in 
many ways, he is a member and stockholder in the 
Lititz Turnpilce Co., and is considered one of the 
best representative men of Lancaster countv. 

JAMES M. WILSON, a retired farmer of East 
Drumore tov/nship, was born in York county. Pa., 
July 8, 1S22, son of John and Charlotte (Watt) 

Jolin Wilson was born in York county in 1796, 
and his wife was born in Cliester county in 1795. 
John was the son of James and Eleanor (Hutchin 
son) Wilson, who were born in 
counties respectively, and who 

of five children, three sons and two daughters : John, 
father of our subject; James, who moved to Ohio, 
and died there ; David, who lived and died on tlie 
old homestead in York county; Elizabeth, who died 
unmarried in Y''ork countv; and Margaret, who 
became the wife of John Collins, wh.o died in Y'ork 

John Wilson, father of our subject, first settled 
on a farm in Y'ork county, but in 1S24 he moved to 
the southern part of Lancaster countv, where he 
followed farming until his death in Tulv. 1886, in 
his ninetv-first year; his wife died at their home in 
1874. Thev were members of tlie United Presbv- 

fine farm which joins the borough of Ouarryville. 
It is one of the well cultivated and desirable place.: 
of the section, and has a large brick residence ami 
fine out buildings of al! kinds. It v,-as here that 
Mr. Wilson's first wife died, in 1892, leaving ur 
children. In 1S93 -•f''- ^^'ilson married for hi; 
second wife, r\[rs. Harriet E. ("Thompson) Camp- 
bell, widow of Dr. John C. Campbell, who in life 
I was a prominent physician of tlie county. Mrs. 
, Wilson was bnrn Jan. T 1, 1844, in Colerain town- 
I ship, whither her parents, George E. and Marv 
: (" -Snyder) Thonipson. of Chester county, had moved. 
! The lady is well educated, and for twenty years wa.- 
j a teacher in the public schools. She had two 
' children by her first 1'.u.sband : Anna D., born 
I in 1869. wlio married ^^'alrer ."^cott, and has onc 
! child, Helen E. : and Bailey C, born in 1872, who is 
; now a resident of Harrisl.nirg, and has one son, 
I John. yirs. \\'ilson is the granddaughter of Francis 
j and Mary (Black) Thompson, and her maternal 
I gTeat-grand].)arents were George and Hannnb. 
(Ross) Black, while Iier paternal great-grand- 
parents were Col. James and Lydia F. (Bailc\' 
Thompson, of Revolutionary fam.e. Col. James 
Thomipson w-as born in Sadsbury township in 174,-. 
and died in the same township in Febnuirv, 1807. 
His wife, Lydia F. Bailey, was bom in 1750, and 
died in 1S06. Mr. and. ]\[rs. Wilson have v.o 
children. In rclicfion they are members of tlie 
Y'ork and Chester 1 United Presbvterian church, of which both he and 
reared a family I his brother liave been strong supporters for a 

number of years. His father, John ^^'ilSon, was one 
of the early members of the United Presbyterian 
church of Martic township, and attended it for 
many years, holding various ofiices in it. Mr. 
Wilson has also filled positions of trust and honor 
in the same church, and is one of its foremosL 
members. Volumes m:ght be written of his 
Christian benevolence and charity. He is a man of 
integrity and honor, and well thought of by all who 
know him. 

cnurr crier, lives in a beautiful home which he ha- 

terian church and were devout Christians. They | erected on a part of the estate owned bv his father. 

left two sons: James and John D.. the latter (who 
is unmarried) being a prominent and wealthy man i 
of Lancaster county, whose earlv life was spent as I 
a farmer, but who afterward engaged as a 
merchant in Drumore township ; so continuing until 
1861 when he was appointed deputy sheriff, and I 
moved to Lancaster ; he lias also held several other i 
offices, and is now living retired. j 

James M. \\'ilson grew to manhood on his i 
father's fnrm, and w-as educated in the public I 
schools. He remained on the farm untd his mar- I 
riage, in November, 1S76, to Miss Jane Thompson, 

the late Daniel Gernperling, on East Orange street, 
near .\.nn street, in Lancaster. 

Jacob Gemperling, grandfather of Henry Clav. 
who v.-as a distiller and a farmer, was born near 
Rohrerstown ; his son Daniel, who was born in 
Lancaster, died Nov. i.^, 180^, at the age of eighty- 
seven years. The latter and his brother Jolm, were 
the leading tinsmiths of tlie city for manv years. 
filling many important contracts. Daniel Gemper- 
ling C''>ndurled the business on East Oranee street 
alone tn within a short time of his death, and became 
one of the best-known citizens of his time, owning a 




jargc amount- of real estate, and makinp: his inrluencc 
f'.'lt in business and commercial circles. Anna 
Hurst, his wife, was a half-sister of Elam Hurst, a 
prominent citizen of Lancaster, and also a sister of 
;he mother of H. C. Demuth. From this union were 
bom three children, two of whom, William and 
Anna, died in early childhijijd, and the only slIr^•iv- 
OT is Henry Clay Gemperlirig-. 

Henry Clay Gem])erlin!T- was born in the larsfe 
brick mansion at tiie southwest corner of East Kincf 
.-nd Jefferson streets, then the home of his jjarents, 
in February, 1846, and was educated in the- city 
schools ancl at John Beck's celebrated school in 
Lititz. When less than sixteen years old he left 
,-choo! to enlist in the L'n.ion army, joining Co. A, 
79th P. V. I., Aug. 19, t86i, and served throughout 
•he war, receiving his discharge Aug, 12, 1865. He 
iixik a gallant part in all tiie battles and skirmishes 
in which his command participated, and was wounded 
in the arm at Jonesboro. Ga., under Gen. Sherman, 
being promoted to the position of corporal. .Vitcr 
the war Mr. CJempcrling was captain of "The Boys in 
Blue," a cam])aign orgrmization in the tirst campaign 
of Gen. Grant for the presidency. After Gen. Grant's 
I'lection the boys in lilue were organized into two 
military coiriijanies. A and P., and altachefl to the 
National Guard of I'ennsylvania, Mr. Gemj^erling 
being commissioned ca|)tain of Co. B, both compan- 
ies taking part in the inauguration of Gen. Grant as 
President. Until 1870 he worked v.dth liis father 
at the tinsmith and phunbing trade, and ilicn re- 
moved to E]>hrata, where he engaged for b.imself in 
the same lines. There he remained vnul March 13, 
'"^Q.S. v;hcn lie rciu.rned to Lancaster, to become a 
tip-staff in the court bouse, very shortly being made 
court crier for court No. 2. and in November. iSoo, 
he was made coiut crier of the courts of Lancaster 
county, to fill a v.acancy created by the deatli of Jo- 
seph C. Snvficr, a position v.'hich he still holds. 

While living in Epb.rata, Mr. Gcmrjcrling jjought 
and remodeled a luie properrv. For fifteen years he 
was deputy coroner of the district, for nine years he 
was a notary public, and was ihe lirst ]-jresident of the 
Pioneer Steam Fire Engine and Hose Companv, and 
was acting in that capacity, v,-hen he Icfr the bor- 
ough; he was commander of Post No. 524, G. A. R., 
of Ephrata, for three years, and was the second man 
to be elected burgess after Ephrata became a bor- 

While a resident of Lancaster he served as a 
policeman during Mayor Stauffer's tirst term, and is 
rem.embered as one of the best police officers this 
city ever had. Burinc his residence in Ephrata he 
twice arrested Abe Buzzard, tlie noted outlaw, "put- 
'iug him behind the bars." This h.e liid as a i^rivate 
citizen, his fellow townsmen calling on him because 
of his well-known fearlessness. When tldeves broke 
into the store of Schaeftcr & Reinhold, at Ephrata, 
^Ir. Gcmperling discovered one of tlie thieves, ar- 
lested him, and took him to jail. This same bravery 
was conspicuous all through his army experiences. 

]\Ir. Gempcrling was marrierl Aug. 14, 1S69, to 
}.Iiss Susan Jacobs, daughter of ^^'il!iam Atlam 
Jacobs, a farmer living near Eeartown, Lancaster 
county. From this union v.'Cre born four children: 
Anna Maria, tlie wife of E. E. Royer, a farmer o£ 
Ejjhraia township; }dartha Alpha, itnmarried and at 
liLine; Daniel H., a paper hanger; and Plenry Clay, 
Jr., now at school. 

J.\COB H. ZIEGLER. Among the prominent 
and successful business enterprises of Lancaster 
county, the Conoy Township Creamery has taken a 
leading place, under the etticient manaeement of its 
owner, Jacob H. Ziegler, a resident of Rowerma. 

The founder of tlie Ziegler family in East Done- 
gal township was Conrad Ziegier, born in i~6i, who 
married Magdalitia Schock, born in 1758; his death 
occurred in 1831 and her.s in 1826. Tlieir remains 
lie with those of other old and honored pioneers in 
the ancient cemetery of East Donegal. TliC paternal 
grandparents of Jacob H. Ziegler were Conrad and 
Cnib.erine (Schock) Ziegler, his birth occurring in 
i8ot, his deatli in 18S0, while she was born in 1799, 
and passed out of life in 1R54. Conracl Ziegler was 
one of the most estimable men of his time and lo- 
caiity, a local preacher of the religious denomination 
knovin as Dunkards, a gcx^d, pious, charitable and 
iiprifrht man. 

Jacob li. Ziegk-r. die subject of this biography, 
was born en tiie old bomestead Jan. 6. 1857, a S'"-n of 
John and Barbara ( Hertzler) Ziegler. The forme- 
moved to Elizabetl'.towii, Pa., in the spring of 1S87, 
wUcre he bidlt a c^-.mfortable home and there died, 
in November, 1804. at the age of sixty-six years. 
During life he had been a prominent and influential 
ma.Ti, for many years a director in the First National 
P.aj-.k, of .Marietta and was .a consistent and valued 
member of the Dunkard Church. 

Jacob PI. Ziegler was reared on the h.omcstead 
and educated in tlic best scliculs of the neighborliood, 
remaining at home r.ntil his legal majority, when he 
engaged in farming in Conoy township, remaining 
there tor four years. Returning to East Di^netjal, 
he continued in agricultural operations until 1S97, 
wh.en he removed into Rovvenna. having purchased 
the Conoy Township Creamery, in 1895. Tliis busi- 
ness was established in 1885, by a stock company,* 
and although, for some years it prospered, negli- 
gence had permitted it to run down, and in 1895 it 
was sold at public sale, Mr. Ziegler being th.e pur- 
chaser. His judgment told him that if properly 
handled, the business could be made a very paying 
one, and he l;as proven the truth of his belief. 

The m.arriage of Jacob H. Ziegler occurred Dec. 
17, 1878, in P'equea townsliip, to Miss Barbara Hess, 
and to this union were V)orn : John PI., who 
f^oerates the milk station for his father, in Harris- 
burg ; Marv ; Ivah ; Barbara ; Alice, deceased : Jacob ; 
and Arthur. iNIrs. Ziegler was born on the old 
homestead of her parents, ?day 25, 185S, a daughter 
of Jacob and .Mary .-Vun ( Herr) Hess: the father 



was a farnuT ot proinini'iice and wealth, and was tlie 
ireasnrcr of tlie New Danville and Lancaster Turn- 
pike from tlie time it wa.s proposed until hi? deirh. 
and he was one of its principal promoters. He was 
interested in all procrrcssive movements in his sec- 
tion and was instrimiental in the building cf the 
L'nited Z'on (,'hurch. ci v^h.ich he was a member. 
His life ended in iS';^- at the age of seventy years, 
his wife having passed away in 1879. and both of 
them were Imricd in the. Pequea Cliurch cemetery. 
The children of Mr. and -\lrs. Hess were: ]\[artin 
PL, residing on the old homestead; Barbara; Henry, 
a farmer of Conestoga township: Alarv, who mar- 
ried John W. JLshleman. of Reading, Pa. ; Jacob, a 
fanner of Lampeter; Fannv. who marrierl Aaron B. 
Hess, the superintendent of the Chemical works in 
Lancaster; and Susan, who married Martin Rutt, 
of West Donegal. .Mr. Zicgler lost his lirst wife, 
and was married again, on May it. tSoS, to Flla IM. 
daughter of T. O. and .Inima Fradcneck, of Bethle- 
hem. Pennsylvania. 

In politics, Mr. /iieglor votes independently. 
Without doubt, he is one cf the most intelligent men 
of the township and is interested in every measure 
looking toward the develoiiment of his section. For 
six years he served as scIkxjI director, and owns one 
of the most complete private libraries in Lancaster 
count}'. He well represents the best class of citizens 
of this part of the State. 

D.\NIEL D. HI-:RR is the el.lest livincr repre- 
sentative of the male brancii of the t'lfih generation 
of a family whose name has ever commanded re- 
spect throughout Lancaster county. He himself is 
a man of active brain an^i rare business ability, but 
of this more will be told in a subsequent paragrapli. 
The old homestead in Lancaster township, near j-lil- 
lersvillc, has remained in the possession of the family 
for more than a century, and it was there that our 
subject was born Feb. 28. 1845. 

His father, David S. Hcrr, wliose mother's name 
was Anna Shenk, was born in the same house, 
June 14, [816. He began farming for himself on a 
small parcel of land in Leacock townsliip. purchased 
for him by his father. There he lived for four years, 
when he purchased — from the estate of his uncle. 
Christian Herr — tb.e farm which is at present owned 
by his son, Daniel D.. where the latter conditcts the 
Fairview Nurseries. From 1843 tmtil 1S66 David 
S. Hcrr remained in this location, and in the latter 
year he removed to the liciuse which is now occupieil 
b\ his son John. He is now in his cighty-eiglulT 
year, but is still active and vicrorous. While not able 
to do the day's work of fifty years ago. his inborn 
aversion to idleness renders it easv for him to find 
some out-door occupation, suited to his }^ears and 
stren^^th. On Cxn. 6, 1840, he married Eiizabeth 
Dentlinger, who was born t'eb. 13, 1823, and died 
Aug. 12, 1867. The issue of tliis union was one 
daughter and throe sons. Fannie, the eldest of the 
family, was born Dec. 12, 1841 ; she married John L. 

("aml'cr, of Manor township, and is nuw ;i widow. 
Daniel D.. was the s.Tonrl chiM and t'.dest son. 
David D.. was born ( )ct. 27, 1848, and is a retired 
farmer, of Hemptield township. johm iX. the 
youngest of the famil\-. was born May _■(>. 1852: he. 
too. is a farmer, anrl is also a tobacco dealer. 

Daniel D. Herr, the bubicct of this iieces-ariiy 
brief sketch, is best known to the commercial world 
as the proprietor and manager of the Fairview 
Nurseries, to whicli reference has been already 
made. His farm, on which they are located, lies 
two miles west of- the city of Lancaster. Ir embrace^ 
134 acres, of which forty are devoted to uses indi- 
cated. Fie commenced general farming in iSUj. but 
some inborn predilection inclined him ti'V.ard fruit 
growing, and he read \\ith avidity as well as shrev.-d 
insigb.t and a retentive memory, all the literature 
bearing on that topic on which he coui'i lay his 
hands. .As a result, when in 1876 he started on hi~ 
"new departure,'' it was wit'n a mind tiunretically 
well equipped. His beginning was modest, }et lit- 
succcj-led from the first, and to-day he carries stuck 
of the highest class, and finds a ready market in 
every quarter of the L'nited States. Ke-i'les the 
farm on which his nurseries stand, he "wr.s three 
others, in IManor, Fnlt<in and .Manheim 'ownshijis. 
vet the care of his large and constantly growing bus- 
iness absorbs all his personal attention, fie is als'"' 
a large stockholder in vari'->us in.dnstrial ;ind 
cial en.ter()rises, among them the IManor Townshii> 
Fire Insurance Co., and the Farmers' l-"encing .\s- 
sociation. As was the faith of his ancestors, m is 
his: he is an earnest member of the .Mennonite 
Church. In politics he is a .staunch Republican. He 
talces a deep interest in public affairs, and is ever 
ready to aid any well matured ijroject pronii-ing the 
promotion of the general welfare. He takes espec- 
ial interest in education, and has been a mer^ber '"-c 
the school board for fifteen years. 

C>n Nov. 27, 1866. Daniel D. Herr married Atlc- 
line Harnish, who was Itorn Aug. 18, 1848. a <";;ugh- 
ter of ?\Iichael S. Harnish, of .Alanor. 'llieir union 
has been blessed with four daughters; i'amiie. .An- 
nie, Elizabeth and Emma. The youngest is unmar- 
ried and lives at home with her parent.-. T'annie 
married Isaac Neff; Annie is the wife of \\ iiiiari: R. 
Rutt, of East Hen-ipfield township; and F]i7.:,bc:h is 
]Mrs. A. E. Binklc}-, of 3.1anhcim. 

FR.VNK GERBER PENNELL. the ..rncient 
and po]ni!ar postmaster of ]Mt. Joy, Pa., is also one 
of the city's prominent business men, and a highly 
esteemed citizen. 

Mr. Pennell was born July 31, 1840. in Warwick 
township, near Rothsville, a son of Thomas Wilson 
and Christiann ('Gerber') Pennell. tlie former of 
whom was a native of Chester countv, and the latter 
of Lancaster. In 1830, the father, Th.omas V\'. Penr 
nell, came to Lancaster countv and settled in War- 
wick toivnship, where he followed milling anri 
pump-making, and in iS8,8 came to Mt. Joy. in order 



;o pass liis last yoar.^ witii his <;::. Sir.vre !''~^5- hi? 
rcsi'icHCC liad been in .M;:riert;>. where he wris well 
known and where he liici in iS'o.j, a:u! many oM 
i'riends rcniembere:! Inni wiih e>T-.-ein ;nul Irimented 
iiis death, akhouijli i'e 1i:k1 I'.-ir ■iiulived the ::[::c 
allotted by the Psal'Tsisi. l!i.-; v,i:e 'lie.' in !S43, 
at the early age of t '.ei!L_\ -seven years, .\itliong-h 
die had been reared m *lic Presbyteriai; Chiircli, she 
liccanie conneeted laicr v. it!; the l.utherau Church. 
The two children ox this c.arriap : were }""rank and 
a little sister. ZVIary, who d'ed at the asre of f'-iir 
\ ears. ^ - 

The second rnarr;a!.^o of lho:nr-s Wilson Tc!!- 
nell was to Catherine iiear. who died, in ib04. at the 
age of sevcnty-nve. 'ilie children born of this 
union were: Amap.da, wiio inarried S. X. En.«- 
wilcr, a machinist of Marietta:, who nii-.r- 
ricd Samuel Fisher, of v.'ulnnihia. I'a. ; ;.ndi jr:hn. r.i 
i\It. Joy, wdio is associated ^^ith Frank G. i-'en:-io!l 
in the carriage and wasron-makins^ business in .\!t. 

The pater:ial g;rand|)arents of I'rruik Ci. PoniieU 
were Hen. Bunjamin a.nd iaj-;e (Wilson) i'enricil, 
'if Chester county, who were leading members in 
the rVesbyteriaii Churcii m thru locality. They 
came to Lancaster C(jnmy and loc::ted in. Lancaster 
in 1S30, and Air. ! 'eruKll sckiu lOok a prominent 
part iii public affairs. His trade was that of wool 
carder, but liis appnintiucnt to the ofrice of justice 
(■f the peace in Warwick row-uihip had absorlic-d 
much of hi;; time. Durinij 1841-3 lie was a mem- 
ber of the Le.i^dslature, and his last days were spent 
in tcachiiiq- scliool. as he was a man oi suDcrinr at- 
tainments. Mis death was in Lancaster, in 1864. 
at the as^e of eit^luy, his wife havine passed awav 
in October, i860, at the at;'e cf eie;hty-four. The 
maternal grandparents ])assed their lives in Lan- 
caster, where Jacol) Gerber was long held in respect. 

W'hen Frank Gerber i'cnnell was three vcars 
old his youne^ mother fj.assed awav anti he was taken 
to the home of his sjrandfatlicr Pennell. who at that 
time was tt-achinc:: school. Lender the watchful 
care of his sfrandfather he was well in.structedi. and 
he remained v.dth Idm until 1S47. v.hen his father 
married again, and Frank returned home. At tiic 
^:ge of twelve, however, ho entered the cotton mills 
in Lancaster, where he worked for the following 
lour years and served an apprenticeship, covering 
dirte years, as a silver plater. Piis choice of work. 
however, was found in Mt. Jov. in a wagon and 
carriage-making shop, where he put in practice his 
knowledge of nickle plating. 

About this time came the outbreak iif the Civil 
\var, and anion,g those who quicklv answered the 
"■:all for troops was I'rank G, Penreil. who con- 
nected himself with the U. S. Marines and was in 
continual service for four years, l.'ntil the fall of 
^'icksburg he served in the Mississii^pi squadron 
and then was sent to the Atlantic squaciron, but later 
^vas transferred to the I'acific ^(luadlron. and was 
lionorably discharged at AJai-c Island, Cal. He rc- 

iuniedi home, where he fcjund his old sitr.ation 
awaiting him, and tiierc Mr. Pennell remained until 
i6<ji. wiien he purchased his present place of busi- 
ness, where lie conducts wagon and carriage-mak- 
ing'- in tiie most modern style of manufactirre. 

AlthouEfh closely attending to his regular busi- 
ness, Mr. Pennell has foimd time to take much in- 
terest in the atfairs of his city, and for thrve years 
served as clerk of the council ; a justice of the peace 
for four years, he concUicted the busine-- !)■,•: tr'ini^'-- 
to that office with efncieucy, but resignc'! in the mid- 
dle of his last term. In 1S73 Gov. Hartranft ap- 
pointed him a notary public and ho continued to 
serve in that capacity until julv, 181 ;i>, wiien he was 
m.ride postmaster of Mt. Jov, by President }.IcKin- 
■ey. .-\n anient :ind active Repulih'can, he has done 
valiant work for his party and takes an 'mr-irtam 
position in its deliberations. 

On Feb. 16. 1868, p-rank G. PenneU and Char- 
I'.'iie Smaling were united in matrimon-. . and the 
crdldrcn born to this marriage are : Thomas, who 
■lied in infancy; liimma, a young ladv. at hom-e : 
Catherine, who did in infanc)' : Frank, who is as- 
.-' >ciated with his father in business ; and .Mberta, a 
voung lady, at home. A[rs. Charlotte (Smaling) 
Pennell was born in Mt. Joy, i^dav n. 1S40. a daugh- 
!cr of George and Catharine Smaiing, of Lancaster 
county, the former of v,hom was a wagon maker c_)f 
yii. Joy. 

Since the age of twonty-ono ^Ir. Pvnnell has 
been connected with tlio L O. O. F.. and also be- 
longs to tlie other social orders of Red Men, K. 
of P., and of the G. A. R.. of Mt. Jov. A~ a pub- 
]'c official he has given universal satisfaction, and 
is regartled as something of a leader, being a man 
of high character, who has proven his !■ 'valty to 
lioth frientls and party. 

H'CE FRANCE, wdiosc carofiil stud\- ;ind prac- 
tical experience in the lino of insurance make him 
one of the best informed men on tiiat subiect in the 
State, was born at Heckmondwike, Yorkshire. Eng- 
land, in February, 1853, son of Mark France, an 
agricultural laborer. 

The lad attended school until he v.-as seven \ears 
uld. when he was employed in a brickyard carrying 
b'-icks, and from that time to the age of thirteen he 
^er\ed as a stable and errand boy on th.e farm whero 
h.i'- father was employed. He was then apprenticed 
to learn the currier's trade, .so continuing until ho 
was twenty-one. When he was nineteen, liis father 
died. Continuing at his trade until he was twenty- 
tliree, .\[r. France was compelled to seek a change 
of occupation on account of failing health. Enter- 
ing the services of the Prudential Life Insurance 
Co.. of London, he became a field agent in the Hud- 
dersfield District (Yorkshire) and 'devoted some 
years to the thorough canvass of his native town and 
surrounding villages. While employed there he 
was engage'l among two hundred insurance agents 
to come to this country bv the iMetropolitan Life In- 



surancc Co., of New York City, and to introduce the 
system of Industrial Life In>-urance anion£;st the 
working' classes of the American people. Arriving' in 
New York, July 26, 1880, he was sent as assistant 
superintendent to Lowell, Mass., thence to Haver- 
hill, ]Mass., and Manchester, N. H., and finally to 
Bostoii, uorking in that end of the State for eicht 
yeai'3. Lor tliree years he was supcrinten<icnt in 
West Philadelphia, and was then called to Worces- 
ter, Mass., v.-here after three years as superintend- 
ent in that district he was transferred back to Phila- 
delphia, wiiere he met with a severe trolley car acci- 
dent while perfijrminjj his duties, and this necessi- 
tated rest for about a year. V\ hen again able to re- 
sume work, he was sent to a smaller field of labor, 
spending' a year in the Hudson. N. Y., district; and 
on Feb. 2, 1897, he came to Lancaster as superin- 
tendent for his company and which had not as yet 
had a satisfactory business from this city. Mr. 
France studied the local conditions, and detcruiincd 
to win a business for his conip;my thai -wouid be in 
every way satisfactory. His earnest work wrought 
a great change. Instead of three assistant superin- 
tendents he had five, instead, of fifteen agents he had 
twenty-nine : instead of collecting weekly S894.04. 
he had in (April, 1901) .'51.483.4(1, in the same terri- 
lor}-, in weekly collections, ami on v,hich, had been 
collected $2,929 of advance (■(.lUcctiuns in iireniiunis 
not tlien due from members. The iu'Lcnnediato T^oii- 
cies — never less than S500, and as higli as tlie appli- 
cnnt cares to go — were increased U' ,S7(,) in tour 
years, with a goodly number of $10,000 jxilicies out- 
standing. Mr. I'Yauce made a most admirable re- 
cord in the four years he was the .\feir<.)i)'.litan's su- 
iierinteiiilent here. In Ai)ril. i<)or, alii'r a r.eriodof 
long contiiiued sickness, and tliree mnuth.-, short of 
completing twenty-one years' service. \u: was I'laced 
on the retired list I-y the company lie had so long re- 
presented, and was given a most liberal ]ieusion as a 
reward for faithful service. 

In religious faith France is a Weslevan. and 
in fraternal relations a Mason, and a member oi the 
Commercial Traveiiag Alen's .Association. While as 
thorough an American as though he had been boni 
here, he never forgets nor belittles the glorious coun- 
try from which he sprang, and is a typical English- 
American. In the eastern suburbs of Lancaster he 
has invested in a beautiful home, and he has made 
himself honored and respected in this, the city of his 

SAMUEL STONEROAD. a retired farmer of 
New Providence, is one of the leading men of Provi- 
dence township, and its largest taxpayer. Mr. 
Stoneroad was born Feb. 2, 1828, in Lancaster coun- 
ty, son of Thomas Stoneroad. who was accidentally 
killed while cngageii in digging a well. 

Thomas Stoneroad, the grandfather of our sub- 
ject, was one of the earh- settlers of Lancaster coun- 
t>', of German parentage, and during his life was 
considered one of the best millwrights in his lo- 

cality. His son Thomas was born in 1790, Itccame 
a millwright also and engaged in farming. He had 
seven children, four of whom grew to maturity 
namely : John. Henry, Susan and Sam.uel, but all 
of tlieni have passed away with the exception of 

Samuel Stoneroad was only seven years old 
when his father met with his tragic death, and soon 
after this event his mother also died. His educa- 
tion was very meagre, and was obtained with great 
difiiculty, consisting of interrupted attendance dur- 
ing the winter seasons in the public schools of hii; 
locality, and from an early age he was obliged to 
care for himself. That he possessed unusual ability 
must be acknowledged, for from that iinfavorab'c 
beginning Mr. Stoneroad worked as a fanner, 
saved his money, and now in advanced years is one 
oi the most substantial men of that part of tiie coun- 
ty, owning two of the best farms in Providence 
township, one containing ninety-six acres and the 
other seventy-tvyo acres, and pa^ing a larger tax 
than anv other citizen. 

On Feb. to, 1848, Mr. .Stoneroad was married 
to Miss Annie .\fower, daughter of Gei->rge Mower, 
of Strasburg township, and two children wero born 
to this union, namclv: Thomas, born in 1849, '•vho 
died at the age of seven years : and Franklir. horn 
the year previously, who is t!ie farmer for his fatlicr. 
He married Miss Emma Winters, and they have 
one son, .Samuel, and one daughter. :\!ina. Mrs. 
Samuel Stoneroad died in. T8S2. 

Mr. Stoneroad has always adhered to the prin- 
cii)les of the Republican party. For many years he 
has been a consistent member of tlie Afennonite 
Cliurcii, and he is highly respected in his commun- 
ity for his honest and upright character. 

JOHN R. RITNER. who passedi away Aug. 29. 
1897, v/as for an ordinary life time one of the most 
conspicuous figures in Lancaster, no man there being 
more prominent in banking and business circles. Hu 
WPS born in Lancaster Aucr. 7. 1821'j. a son of Abra- 
h.-'jn Bitner. 

Abraham Pdtner, whose ancestors were of Ger- 
u'an origin and among the early settlers of Pennsyl- 
vania, was born in 1791 in York coiuity. P.y tradd 
he was a carpenter, but he was a chainnakcr an.'i 
flour merchant in Lancaster most of his active busi- 
ness life. Religiously he was a member of and, of- 
ficially connecterl with the German Reformed Church, 
of the city. He married Elizabeth Porter ('1799- 
1856), also a member of the same church. Their 
children who reached manhood and womaniiood 
were : Anna R.. -wife of George Dietrich ; 
Jacob ; Sarah W. : John R. ; Charles Au- 
gustus; Abraham: Benjamin F., of Trenton, 
N. J., who died Dec. 13. H902 : David P.; 
and Mary M. All have passed away except Abra- 
ham, of I-ancaster. 

John R. Bitner received his early education in the 
schools of Lancaster, and at the age of thirteen be- 



ijan learning the trade of cabinetniaking, at which 
he continued until 1846. For OTie year following 
he v/as in the employ of the State railroad. In 
1847, in company with his brother. C. A. Bitner 
.trading- as J^hn R. Ditncr & Hro.). he purchased 
a few cars and established a fast freight line between 
Lancaster and Pliiladelphia, the cars being run on 
Tiie State railroad, and subsequcnth- on the Penn- 
sylvania railroad tracks. Their business increas- 
ing, additional cars were placed on the road from 
time to time, until Ihey were the owners of -nme 
thirty cars, whicli tliey ran in transporting and for- 
warding merchandise over the railroads of this and 
r.ther States. They were the leading fanr. in their 
line in tliis section of tlic State, and did a thriving 
business from 1S57 iintii the dissolution of the part- 
nership, in 1874. In the year 1848 they had also be- 
come engaged, in connection v/ith their freigh.ting 
business, in grain operations, an.d in shipping grain 
to dififercnt points in the East, v.hicii afterward do- 
veloped into a prosperous trade. In 1S54, with 
others, they were interested in building the Eden 
Paper JMills, and had large interests in the same. In 
1855 they built a steam ilouring-mill in Lanca:,tcr, 
which had a capacity of 150 barrels per day, 
and which they continued to operate luiti! 1863, 
when, owing to the large demamls made for su;)- 
plies to the L'nion army, and a consequent need of 
storage room, they took down the mill to make room 
for an extensive warehouse on tiie same site. 

Jolui R. Bitner & Bro. were large contractors for 
the Government during the war, furnishing supplies 
to the army, and their transaciions were so satis- 
factory that at tlie close of the connict tiie i iovLrn- 
ment applied to them for supplies for the oKl ar'.uy 
stock until it couid be disposed of. In iSu^ they 
were members of the compau)- built the Fuiton 
cotton mill, but they disposed of their interest in it 
four years later ; they were also members of the com- 
pany tiiat built, the same year, tiie Printers' paper 
mills at Eiukley's Bridge (whicli were bunie'l in 
A^oveniber, 1S82), in v.'hich John R. Bitner retained 
a large interest for years. Tlic lirm of John R. Bit- 
ner & Bro. continued their freighting business until 
3874, when '}.lv. Ritner purch.ased his brotlier's in- 
terest, continued it alone until C8S2. and sold out the 
business to the Pennsylvania Railway Company. 

Mr. Bitner was one of the original founders of 
the noted summer resort Ocean Beach, on th.e New 
Jersey coast ; a director in the New Egypt. Farming- 
dale &: Long Branch railroad, of New Jersey, for 
some time; and in 1865, in company with ethers, 
founded a forwarding and commission house at No. 
811 Market street, Pliiladelphia, in vvliich he retained 
a partnership until 1870. He was a member of both 
branches of the Lancaster city council for several 
terms ; served for three } ears as prison inspector 
for Lancaster counly; as d.irector of the Lancaster 
County National Bank some seven years; as director 
of the Ouarrvviiie railroad; and in February, 1S82, 

was one of the organizers of the Fuiton National 
Bank of Lancaster, of which he was chosen presi- 

On April 26, 1852, Ah". Bitner married Fianna. 
daughter of David Wiedler, a farmer of Lancaster 
county, and they the following children : Jacob 
S. : Lillie W.. ?»rrs. J. C. Martin, v.-ho died Jime 30. 
18S1 : William H. ; D. Edwin ; Anna M. : Abraham : 
Alfred F. ; and Helen O. Mr. Bitner passed away 
universally beloved and most deeply regretted; but 
it is a source of satisfaction to his friends that 
son, Abraham, now' occupying a responsible posi- 
tion in th.e Fulton National Bank of Lancaster, 
should be so closely connected with a financial in- 
stitution of which his father was one of the organ- 
izers, and, at the time of liis death, the honored head. 

HENRY E. MILLER. The family of Mr. Mil- 
ler is an old and honored one in Lancaster county. 
His grandfather, who was also named Henry, was 
one of tiiree brothers who settled near Salunga 
about the time of th.e war of the Revolution. He 
was a large land owner, successful farmer, and a 
member of tl:e Old Mennonite Church. He lived 
to l;e nearly seventy years old. and at his death en- 
joyed the confidence and respect of the entire com- 
nmnity. He married a Miss Slienk, whose father 
v.-as one of the pioneer settlers in the valley of the 
Chickies, near Salunga. He pro-en-pted and patented 
several large tracts of land, and built two mills upon 
the stream named. One of these is still known as 
the Shenk Mill, llic other as the Garber Mil!. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Miller shx children were born. 
The eldest, John, ^^•as the father of ITcnrv E., who 
is now the iiead of this branch of the Miller family. 
He was bom CA-t. 15, 1707. and died Sept. 23, 1830, 
a fanner and a man of intluence. He was long a 
member of the school board, and served for many 
vears as supt?rvisor. Ho was a Whig in politics, 
and like his father, a Mennonite in religious faith. 
On March 22. 1825, he married Elizabeth Erb. She 
was born Nov. O, 1804. and died .^aig. 20. 18''):. 
Th.ev were the parents of eleven children : Emanuel, 
born Jan. xr. 1826, wdio died in infancy; Daniel, 
born Mav 22, 1827, who died Oct. 2.^. r8oq, at 
Eh'zabeLhtown. Pa., where he had been first a farmer 
and then for many years an innkeeper; 
born Feb. la. i82g, the wife of David Weaver, of 
}vlanheim; Henry E. ; John E., born Aug. 22. 183.^. 
who learned the trade of a tailor and is a cutter at 
Portsmouth. Ohio; Andrew, born April 8, 1836, 
who died at the age of one month ; Elizabeth, born 
April 29, 1S37, wiio died Feb. 16, 1830; Toscph E,. 
a farmer of Columbia, Laiicaster county, born Sept. 
T, 1S40; Reuben E., born Oct. 14. 1842, a day la- 
borer at Salunga; Catherine, born Oct. 21, 18.14. 
tlie wife of Levi B. Zug, a farmer living near Lititz : 
Elizabeth, the youngest child, born h'eb. 7, 1847, 
wiio died Aug. 22, 1863. 

Henrv E. Miller was born Nov. 10, 1831. His 



early c(liic;itional ndvnntaLr-JS were of the limited 
charaeter at that time ai'tfink-ii bv the common 
schools, and even of these he was deprived at the 
age of sixteen years by the failinjr health o: h;s 
fatlier. which compelled his supervision of aiiairs 
upon the farm. He was barely nineteen when his 
father <iied and the farm and personalty connected 
therewith were sold, ami he. with liis niotlier, 
erected another house, wiiich was their hoir.e for 
eleven years. Plis filial devotion was ci.^nstant and 
unshaken and its memory is one of his precious 
recollections as the fadins;- Inics- of life's sunset be- 
gin to illumine his later years. On Dec. 23, 1S62, 
he married Amelia K. .\iiller. daucrhter of Tobias 
and Elizabeth H. ( Kautfiii.-;;! ) .Miller, and to her 
unselhsh devotion and muvea.rying aid he attributes 
nnich of his success in life, .'-^he \^"as born .May 20. 
1842. In the year succeediner his marriage lie en- 
tered into partnership with his brother-in-law, 
Hiram K. .Miller, in the cunduct of a general store 
at Petersburg. At the end. .'f tw(5 vears the firm 
dissolved and ^Ir. Henry J'.. .Miller removed to Sa- 
lunga, v/here he opcneil a store of his own. He 
remained th.ere for three years, engaged in trade ancl 
holding the office of po,-~tm;i.-icr, and at the expira- 
tion of that period retumeil to iVtersburg. where lie 
lived in retirement until 1871. wlien he removed to 
Lititz, and has since m.ade liis home there. Shortly 
'after coming there, he erecte>l a store at the inter- 
section of Broad and (.h-ange streets, which he 
stocked and personallx" comlucted until 1SS2. In 
that year he disposed of his business, leasing the 
realty for four years. Still retaining his lesidence 
at Lititz, he opened and operated a smre at Ephrata, 
which lie successfully conducted for four vears. In 
1S86 he sold this, and. rciurning tit Lititz. resumed 
business in his old building, the lease of which had 
e.Kpired. After eight years, having conclude;! to 
retire from Imsiness, he once mL>re disposed of his 
establishment and since 181)4 has not been engaged 
in any active occupation. For th.ree years he and 
his family lived in' apartments abme the =tore. 
which he retained for his own use. but in iS'i" b.e 
erected a handsome, modern residence <^n J'.roavl 
street, which is his domicile to-dav. .''d.iout the sanie 
time he sold the store priipertv in which he had so 
long carried on business and which had been for so 
many years his dwellinc" plr.oe. In ad'lition to con- 
ducting a general store. ?dr. Miller was for two 
vears largely interested in packing tobacco, and lias 
been to a considerable extent engaged in buying 
and selling horses, beinc ex'ceedincrlv fond of a good 
steed and an extremely good of equine ex- 
cellence. He has. morcner. erected several build- 
ings of his own, thereby gaininsr an experience 
which admirably qualified him for tlie supervision 
of the public buiUlings. a task which he has been 
frequent'v called upon to perform ; for nine years 
he served u])on the school bonrel and for six years 
was a member of the municipal council, and in these 
capacities had charge of the construction of numer- 

ous edifices for public use. He wiis one of t!;e or- 
ganizers of the Lititz Bank and for years one of hs 
directors. At j)resent ( looo'i h.e is a member of 
the directorate of the Northern National Bank of 
Lancaster. Politically lie is a Ivcpublican : he ancl 
his family are members of the Moravian Church. 
! To .Mr. aii'.l }.[rs. Miller tv.'o daueiiters have 
been born. — r\rarv Amanda and Bessie r^Iaud. The 
elder was born June 2S, 1S66, and is the wife of 
' Jacob G, Rinwold, the proprietor of the "Lancaster 
; Hotel." .She is tlie mother of four children, Grace, 
Henry, Chester and Frank. Bessie }Jaud, the 
; vouns'cr daugluer, was born June 12, 1S69. She 
. married Frank D. Leinbach, of Robesonia, Berks 
I county, a coal and lumber merchant. They are the 
parents of one son. Louis. 

Mrs. Henry E. Miller is the grand'laughter of 
i John and the daughter of Tobias >.I. }.ii!!er. Her 
; grandfather was for manv years proprietor of ai; 
: inn at Marietta. He was born March i-i, 1786, and 
• died in his eighty-eighth year. Her faiiier, Tobia> 
M., was one of a familv of sevL-n chiuiren born to 
; Tohu and his wife. .Susanna, .\iaria. I'r.c eldest, 
married a ^Ir. Zellers; Elizabeth died in ciiildhcxid : 
Tohn was a traveling salesman for a Phiiadelpliia 
; shoe house and died at C'hicagu ; Samuel (com- 
monly knovcn as "Cajitain"') was a retired hotel 
keeper and died in Marietta in i"^ii7: Benjamin died 
' at Ne^vpori, Pa. : Henry i)assed awa\ at Medway, 

1 Tobias .M. ^Miller, the younci'cst cln'ld of John, 
' and the fatlier of Mrs. Henry E. .Miller, born 
.March 8. 1815. He was a merchant tailor c>f Peters- 
I burg, wiiere he carried on business for twenty years. 
He'died Nov. 2-;. 1830. His wife. Elizabeth H. 
■ Kauffman, ^-liom he married on May 2(<. 1836, was 
' born Feb. 16, 1816. near F'etersburg. The last year.s 
i of her life were spent v.dtli her daug'iter. ;\Irs. 
i Henry E. Miller, at whose home sh.e entered inti^ 
rest Oct. 22. [^oft. at the age of four score years. 
'< To Tobias M. Milker and his wife tliree children 
I were born. Pliram K., !Marv .Amanda and Amelia 
' K. Hiram K. was borii Dec. 6, 1837 : he v.-as a 
' farmer, merchant and tobacco packer of Petcrs- 
' burg, and died Feb. 11, 1896. },Iary .-Vmanda, bom 
; March 16, 183Q, married on Dec. 6. 1856. Benjamin 
i -Metz, of Clarence Centre, Erie Co., N. Y. Ameli;i 
i K.. Tvlrs. Hcnrv E. ?^[iller. was born Mav 20. 1S42; 
i ' ' 

i JOH-\ F. LEECH, long and favornidy ideii-' 

i tified with the agricultural interests of Bart town-. 

i .ship, Lancaster c'oinity, w'here he made an enviaijle 

i reputation for himself as a practical and successful 

I farmer, was born m Sadsbury township, Oct. 4. 

j 1837, and is a son of John G, and Maria ^Rockey) 

I Leech. The father was born in Lancaster countv, in 

i 1707, wlierc the mother aLsc") was born, in 180T. Th.ey' 

i were married in this county in 1820. and located ir! 

I Sadsbury township. v,-liere the father follower! ditf 

I butcher lousiness until he purchased the family home 

' in Bart townsliip in 1840. This farm he greatly itn- 


proved, building' liiir. ,'i stnnc house and a fiue bnrn. 
:,nd tlierc he remained until liis death in if-iX). His 
■vid'AV nvncle hi-r lionif with her si.mi, John !■".. until 
her death in 1890. 

John G. Leech was tht- sun of < icorge and Eliza- 
Ijcth (Ha'^tinjj?) Leech, wlio were both born in Gap. 
Lancaster count}'. He was a son of l^'rancis Leech, 
who came from Ireland before the Revolution, and 
settled at Gap. where he married Isabella Grirntli, 
■,vho I)elor.G:e(i to a wealthy puaker fa.mily of Lan- 
<.aster count>'. Tliey settled at (Jap, where he owned 
a fine farm property. Georsje, their son, and the 
grandfather of John F.. huili the hutol property, 
which is still in use in (jap; there he died. leaving 
five sons and two dauirhters. ( i) William died a 
sinc^le man. (2) Gc r£re. borti at (rap. married a Miss 
Caldwell, <■■{ Curwens\iile, tlearheld county, wiiere 
lie lived and died. He was a proisiinent lumtierman. 
and at one time served as sheriit of the county. He 
v\ai father of the followin.t: children: (jcon,''e. Hi- 
lam. Hugh, James, Robert. Alary J., /vnieiia and 
Susan, all of arc married and settled in Clear- 
field county, with the exception of Mary, who mar- 
ried and moved to the West. (3) Francis mnrrieil 
and moved to Jefferson countv, wliere he. died. (4) 
Thomas marrieil a Miss Rockey, a sister of th.c 
mother of John I-., and settled on a farm in l^ad^hurv 
township, where lie died, lea^■ing a family, all of 
whom are now dead, i ~,) .Anna Leech and (t'l) 
Elizabeth Leech v.cre unmarried, an.d died at (iap, 
both at 'be advanced aire of ninety vears. 

(7) John G. Leech. Ih.e failier of John ]■'., ioft a 
family of ten children, (i) William ■vva.--, honi in 
i8ji, marrieil Alarv Homelier, ar.d settk-*! in I liila- 
delphia, where h.e v,as engaged in a contractinir au'l 
building: business i<n- many years. Later in life he 
moved to IN.mcroy, Pa., where he W'as cnt^ac^ed as a 
merchant and a q:cneral business man until iiis death 
in j8go. One of his sons is the agent of the Peimsyl- 
vania Railroad at Pomeroy. The chiKiren of this 
family were: John S.. of Pomeroy; William H., of 
Philadel[)hia : Lewis, of Pomeroy; Emma, whri died 
at Pomeroy, a young woman of and cui- 

(2) Jacob Leech, born in Salisbury townshiii in 
1S23, married a Aliss (irilfith, of Philadelphia, where 
iney lived at the tin''e of her death. His second wife 
was Miss Margaret Watson, of Chester county. 
They still reside in Philadelphia, where he is engaged 
:n business. Their chddren arc as follows : Susan, 
who married Harry 13ailey : Anna, the wife of John 
Phencgar, of Philadelphia : PieUe, tlic wife of Charles 
Staccy, residing in Philadelphia; Emily, who mar- 
ried Harry Keiidrick, of Philadelphia; Thomas, mar- 
ried and living in Philadelph.ia, where Iiis brother 
C.corgc aUo lives. 

It,) George Leech, born in S,''.dsbury lo\\nshi[) 
in 182}, n^arried a Miss Catherine I'henegar, of Bart 
township, who moved with him to Ohio during the 
Civil war, and there died, leaving the following fam- 

ily : .-^usan, Malii'.da. Mar\'. ~^arah ami George. Mr. 
Leech married for his seci"jnd wife Miss Emily Pow- 
ers, of this county, and returned to Ohio, where he 
still lives. ()f the four ch.iMren born to this union. 
-Magcfie is the only one living. 

(4) Antia E. l^eech, born in Sadsbm'y town-hip 
in 1S20, married Albert Rhea. They lived and died 
in Philadelphia. Their son, Sylvester, still lives in 
that city. 

( 5) ^.rar\- J. Leech, born in 1830, died in an early 
and promising young womanhood. 

i(> ; Thomas J. Leech, born in 1832, married Miss 
Prudence Wilson, of Philadelphia, where he is now 
living a retired life, after a very successful career as 
a business man. Thev bad fmir children: Jefferson, 
Frank. Louclla and Gertrude. 

'7) Cath.trine Leech, born in 1834, is 'lie wife of 
William Ashl)y, of Chester. Delaware Co.. Pa., and 
is tiie mother of Emma; Liilie, tlie wife of Caleb 
Cai.tnell : Ella, the wife of Robert Stainton ; and 
-Vnna, all of Chester. 

(t>) Susan Leech, born in 1S3G, married Joseph 
A'ii'er, of Riissellville, Chester ciiuniy ; she has since 
died, leaving one son, Joseph Dewces. 

in) John F. 

( :o) Johanna Leech, born in Dart townshij) in 
I. "^4 1, married Charles Wright, of Bart tfiwnship 
where tlicv now reside. 

John F. Leech was reared in Bart town- 
ship, where lie secured Iiis education in the home 
schools. T.'ntil iSqo be remained on th-e hftrne farm. 
N-.lion he went to Columbus. („)liio, wliere he engaged 
in busine'^s. In lX^jo he came back' to the old home 
ill Bart township, and in is'oi- enlisted in the L^iion 
Ar:nv. as a member of Co. B, 7Qtb J^. \'. I., at 
that time under the command of (7ol. Hain- 
lirii^'ht. of Lancaster. The regiment was mustered 
into service at Camp Cnrtin. joined the Army of the 
Tennessee, at that time under Gen. Thoma:>, and 
h'.ter served under Gen. Sherman in his celebrated 
?\[.':rch to the .Sea. Mr. Leach was engaged in the 
Ijatile of J'erryville and in a number of skir- 
mi.shcs. /\fter Bragg-'s retreat from Kentticky. the 
7()th was in active service until it brought up at 
>,'ashv:lle, after much licav}- {ighting all through 
that campaign. It fought seven days continuously 
at Murphrci sboro, and was in the thickest of the > 
brittle at Chattanooga. In th.e first day's tight ai this 
last battlefield, INFr. Leech was wounded in tlie ixroln 
bv a minie ball. On account of this injury he was de- 
tainerl fo:- a lon<i' time in the military hosiiital at 
Xashville. On rejoining his regiment ]\Ir. Leech was 
ac:ain woundeil at Beiitonville b\- shell, and his re- 
covery was regarded as little less than a miracle. 
I'litil the close of the war be was under treatment in 
the military hospital at Goldsboro, North. Carolina, 
when he was sent to Washini^fton in time to partici- 
pate in the grand review with his regiment. Mri,'di was mustered out in that city. 

^Ir. Leecli returned to the old home, and took 


charc^e of the farming- operation.'^, caring' for liis a^^cl 
parents as long as they Hved. He was married Dec. 
13, 1866, to Miss Rachel Davis, of Paradise town- 
ship, a daughter of \\'alter and Rachel (Ferree) 
Davis. She was born iji Sadsbury township, near 
Gap, Dec. i, iSv), and was educated in the Eart 
schools. Her father, who ^vas born in Ireland, came 
to this country when a youncf man. and married Miss 
Rachel Ferree, the dau.orhtcr of Phillip and Elizabeth 
(Slaymaker) Ferree. These families may be traced 
back to the early days of the country. Walter Davis 
settled in Paradise tov.nship. where he spent the 
greater part of his life in lariniiicr. In his later years 
he moved to Dart townsni]i. where he resided at the 
time of his death in 185,^. His widow lived luitil 
June, 1886. Five of their children are still livinc;". 
■ Mrs. Leech is a descendant of one of the lirst white 
families to reach Lancaster county. Mrs. Mary 
Ferree was a widow who came from France with her 
ciiildren in 1704, and. is .■^npywsed to have been the 
first white u-oman that settled in Paradise tovvnshiji. 
Of the children of the Davis laniily still livinc:, Eliza- 
beth is >,[rs. Jacob Kife, of Bart township: Sarah 
Davis married William Hanier of Part township, 
and removed to Hrirrisburp; ; Joseph F. Davis is now 
a resident of Paradise to^vnshiIl ; Rachel is Mrs. 
Leech : Susannah Davis is the wife of Daniel Shees- 
ley, of Harrisburq-. anrl has a family of tlve children. 
After tiie marriage of John F. Leech he becan'e 
tiie possessor of the old Leech iiomestead, where he 
and his wife have lived to the [)resent time. The)' have 
a family of six children. 

(1) Amy, born i'.i Part township, in January, 
i858, was educated in the local schools, and grad- 
uatC'I from the 3i[illcrsville State Nornial Scliool. 
For eleven years she has been a successful teacher in 
the Lancaster county public schools. 

(2) Ella, born in 1869, married Frank 
Trout, of Bart township. They now live in West 
Virginia, ^\llere he is engaged in business as a mer- 
chant. 1~he\- have two children, IMarian and Will- 
iam T'erree. 

(3) William Ferree, born in ;\.pril, 1872, became 
a machinist, and is nov,' employed in the oil fields of 
California. (4) Jacob II. Leech died when nine- 
teen years of age. He was born in 1S74. 

(5") Anna Ai.. born in 1876, was educated in the 
home schools, aiid later was a student in the Phila- 
delphia Shorthand L'niversity where she becam.e 
adept in shorthand and type-writing. She has spent 
sometime as shorthand writer in different offices of 

(6) John 'M.. born in 1870, was reared at home, 
and became a clerk in the Nickel Mines store for 
some time. Later he was a shipping clerk in Lan- 
caster, and is now carrying on a store of his own at 
Buyerstown, He is unmarried. 

Mr. and .Nfrs. Leech are members of the Method- 
ist Church of Georgetown. In politics he has al- 
'wavs been a Republican, and for seventeen vears has 
been school directoi in Bart township. He was ap- 

pointed by the (Government to look after the inter- 
ests of indigent soldiers in this district. Mr. Leech 
is regarded as a man of .sterling worth and genuine 
cliaracter, and enjoys a liost of friends. 

JOHN A. BURGER has for nv.iny years been 
known as one of the most prominent contracting 
builders, not only in Lancaster and vicinity, but 
throughout the State. Although not actively en- 
gaged in business now, as in previous }'ears, he is 
stdl interested in building as the head of the lirm of 
J. -V. Burger &-son. 

Air. Burger is a native of Allendorf, Prussia, 
born Dec. 20, 1828. His father, r'hilip Adam 
Burger, v.'hose birth occurred in the same province, 
was a, and followed that occupation till 
called to his reward. He married Elizabeth Sed- 
bach, v.ho was born in the same locality, and to 
tiieir union came iive children. John A. Burger, the 
only member of the family now living, was reared 
in his native land, where he received a good educa- 
tion. At the age of thirteen and a half years he 
was apprenticed to learn the carpenter's trade, at 
which he served two and a half years, and later 
worked as a journeyman carpenter. He contrivcil 
to escape the militarv liraft. For a year he "was em- 
plo}-ed in Dusseldorf. on the Rhine, and in the spring 
of 1849 ^le embarked on a sailing '\-essel, leaving 
Bremen Feb. 24th, and landing in Nev/ York City 
on the 1st of May. For about three weeks he 
worked in the metropolis, and then came to Lan- 
caster county. Pj., and engaged to work with !!. B. 
Martin, in Millersville. In 1S53 he became a con- 
tractor and builder, and for eighteen years was 
engaged in erecting barns and residences for the 
settlers of 3,Ianor township. He put up the largest 
barn in the county, a two-story building, 90x120 
feet in size, on the farm belongiitg to Christian B. 
Herr. In 1S69 iNIr. Burc:er came to settle permanent- 
l_v in the city of Lancaster, and soon became recog- 
nized as the most prominent builder and contractor 
in the city. Among other buildings which h.o has 
erected in Lancaster arc two of the largest school- 
Itouses, and six other school buildings ; and four 
market houses, situated in the eastern, western, 
southern and central parts of the town, respective- 
ly. Two churches, and many ware-houses, store 
and office buildings, show marks of his handiwork. 
He erected the Trust Company's building and 
the People's Bank, both of which are as fine struc- 
tures of their kind as are to be found in the State; 
and he also built a number of the residences of 
the leading citizens, among them tliose of the late 
John Keller, John D. SkiJes, B. B. Martin, B. F., William D. Sprecher, D. P. Locher and 
George D. Sprecher. He also built the "Stevens 
House." Between the fall of 1875 and the follow- 
ing year Mr. Burger erected fifteen buildings for 
the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, besides 
which he put up the large Opera Flouse on Broad 
street, Ailenbach's garden and the dwelling of 

'^.e-Lu UJoAAA /i/aQjeyf 



>lr. Lockard, superintendent of the Pennsylvania 
railroad. During that summer he had in his em- 
iiloy about five hundred men, and the superintend- 
fiice of so many buildings in course of construc- 
tion at the same time told severely on his health, 
lie has since taken life more moderately, and has 
not engaged m v."orks of such nngnitude and im- 
portance. He built the place known as Burger's 
Block, in which he still owns five buildings, and 
also other property in ditterent parts of the city, 
in 1SS9 Mr. lU'.rger's son, Adam N., became a part- 
ner in the business. They have built an industrial 
<choo! in Port Deposit : the Thome Institute ; the 
Soldiers' Orplians' School at Scotland, Franklin 
Co., Pa. ; the new Chester County Insane Asylum : 
and, during 1901, erected lanirc buildings in Har- 
risburg and Cuatesville. 

In 1S52 3.1r. Burger was married, in MiUersville, 
to Miss Elizabeth Neff. wdio was born in iJaden, 
Germany, daughter of Christof NclY, who died in 
Lancaster. Tvlr. and j.Irs. Burger had five children, 
of whom two are still living: Adam N. and Fran- 
ces E. The former was edticated in the State Nor- 
mal School at ^lillcrs\-ir!e, and at Franklin and Mar- 
shall College, where he was a student for two yeprs. 
His marriage to :\lis? Anna C. Miller has been 
blessed by the birth of two sons, Robert and Charles. 
Frances E. was married Jan. 2. i';oo, to Dr. }dilton 
Ursinus'.I, of Lancaster. Mrs. Burger passed 
to her reward June i, 1S93. 

In religious connection Mr. Burger is an active 
member of the First Reformed Church. Politically 
he is a Republican. He has been a director in th.e 
Lancaster Heme ^Mutual iM'rc Insurance Co. for a 
number of years. 

Mir.TON L'}t^ixt.'5 Ckkhaud. '\l. D., who marrieil 
Frances E., only daughter of John A. Burger, was 
born in Bucks county. Pa., \vhere his father, tlie 
late Rev. W. T. Gerhard, was then stationed. He 
was educated in the public schools of Lancaster and 
Franklin and Marshall College, from which he was 
graduated in 1871. After teaching four years Ttwo 
of them in Lancaster) he read medicine with the late 
Dr. John L. Atlee, Sr.. he being that distinguished 
surgeon's last student. He was graduated from 
the University of Pennsylvania in 1877. After act- 
ing as assistant in a private sanitarium at Canandai- 
gua, N. Y., for three years. Dr. Gerhard became 
first assistant in the State Insane As>lum, at Harris- 
burg, remaining there ten years and then removing 
to Lancaster, where he permanently located in Jan- 
uary, 1900. He makes a specialty of the treatment 
of nervous diseases and inebriety, in which he has 
had much experience, and in the relief of which 
he has been far more than ordinarily successful. 

Dr. Gerhard and his wife make their home with 
Mr. Burger, at No. 43 South Prince street. I\Irs. 
Gerhard has for some years taken her mother's place 
as the head of the home, which, as the wife of Dr. 
Gerhard, she still gladdens. 

I JOHN TdECK. The pioneer of the Meek fam- 
I ily, in Lancaster county, Pa., was Nicholas Meek. 
' wdio left his home in the village of Bevrland, Ger- 
I many, far back in 1755 '^^'^ souglit a new h.ome 
' among the fertile lands of the State of Pennsylvania, 
' locating in Lancaster comity, where he found the 
' Lefever family already settled. Of them he pur- 
' chased 103 acres of meadow and timber land 'and 
' this pro[)erty has been cultivated and improved for 
five succeeding generations and kept jeaiouslv in 
I the hands of tiie family. 

Nicholas .Meek was the great-grandfather of the 

present representatives of the name, and followed 

farming through a long life. His son, Philip Meek. 

i came into possession of the homestead, and added to 

■ the family property, at the time of his decease own- 
i ing three of the best farms in the county, two of 
: them situated in West Lampeter, and one near Pe- 
: ttrsi)urg. His standing was iiigh in the Lutlieran 
' Church, and he had the rc?pect of his fellow-citi- 
zens. I-fe married Catherine Amcnt, and they reared 

■ a familv of four children: John; Jacob, a' fanner, 
who died at the age of fifty; George, the father of 
the present bearer of the name, a farmer, who lived 
to be eignty-eight years old ; and Catherine, who 
n:arrifd Jacob Lefever. of \\ost Lampeter, and lived 
to be almost eightv years. 

Grand.father i'hilip Meek was a s-_/idier of t!ie 
; Continental army, during the Kevolutionarv war 
i and suffered all the deprivations and trials incident 
', to those stonily times, bearing himself gallantlv all 
I through the struggle. His son George, was bom 
; and reared in West Lampeter, and lived an honest, 
• induscrious Hie, the last twenty years of it in retire - 
! ment. In his younger days he cut a great de:il of 
I v.-ood and engaged in the manufacture and sale of 
i wooden pipes for tlie conduct of water, these being 
j much used in various ways on farms. His farming 
operations brought him ample returns, and at his 
death he was regarded as one of the township's 
most snbstantiiai men. A consistent memljer of the 
Lutheran Clnirch for many years, he became at- 
tracted late m life t.) tlie i^ious and simple observ- 
ances of the 3Iennomte Church. 

George M«ck married Martha Nuding, born in 
Germany, whiD came to this country with her father, 
John Nuding„ and lived to the age of seventy-five 
years, becomng the good and devoted mother of 
nine children: Catherine, deceased, who married 
(first) Amos K. Raub, and (second) Frederick 
Nefif; Mary, now a widow, who married John 
Furry, and mcved to Ohio; Ivlartha, married to Jo- 
siah Swinehard'c, of Wayne county, Ohio ; George, 
deceased ; PhiEsp, a resident of Lampeter ; John, a 
resident of We^t Lampeter township ; David, a far- 
mer, vvdio diei at the age of si.\.ty-one ; Susan, 
the widow of Samuel Wycker, a resident of Cart 
township, and Lydia, the widow of Jacob Burk- 
Iiolder, of West Lampeter. 

John Meek was 'oorn on the old homestead, Aug. 



y, 183 1, and grew up a farmer liov. receivinc; 
his education in the pui)lic schivjls of his district. ' 
At the age of twcnty-cwo he decided to enq'aj^e in 
farming- optrations for liimseif : and in iSoo he mar- 
ried Maria flouser, a dnugliter of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Draclcbdl) Houser, and then located on the i 
farm which tliey so loup; occupied, this hein;:;' pleas- | 
antly situated in West Lampeter township, four 
miles south-east of Lancaster City, and consisting - 
of sixty-nine acres, where he successfully followed 
farming until tlie time of his death. Two sets of 
buildings are upon this ])Iace, one of these, the more 
modern, having been erected in 18S5, by -Mr. Meek. 

Three children were born to John Meek and liis 
worthy wife: George H., who is a farmer on his 
father's place, is married to Amanda Doner, and has 
four children. Raljih, Stella, Earl, and i'aul : Jacob 
A., a farmer of East Lampeter, who marrieil Mary 
Roher, and has three children, E<ina, Ada and 
Roher ; and Lydia E., living with her mother. 

On March 25, ic)oi, John Meek passed away, at 
the age of sixty-eight years, and his inlhicnce. al- 
ways in die direction of tem[)erance. education and 
morality, is much, missed in the community. ]ic and 
his wife were both exemplary members of the 
Old Mennonite Churcli. .Since his death his widow 
and her dausjhter have lixe'l in the village of Lam- 

M.\RTL\' M 11 Ll'iR. for many \r.'U"s a jjn^nii- 
nent farmer citizen of Lititz. Lancaster county. 
where he was living retired at the time of his death. 
was born Aug. 20, 1823, on the home farm in Man- 
heim township, and was educated in tlic district 

John ^(liller, father of Martin, was bi^rn Jan. id, 
1797, an.d died Nov. 4, 1883. By his marriage in 
1822 with Charlotte, daughter of John V\'eidlcr. of 
Mauhcim township, he became the fattier of the fol- 
lowing named children : Martin; Mary Ann, widow 
of Jonas B. Nolt. residing on Nortli Duke street, 
Lancaster : Andrew, who died in early childhood : 
Susan, who also died when a child ; and Lavinia. 
wife of Aaron H, Summy, of Lancaster. The mother 
of these children died in February, 1882. 

^Martin Miller assisted on the home farm until 
he was twenty-three years old, then married, and 
two years later purchased a farm of lOo acres abiut 
one mile northwest of Lititz. which he made into a 
model place. He resided upon it until 186S, when 
he turned it over to his son, and retired to pass the 
remainder of his years in ease and comfort at Li- 

^Ir. Miller was four times married. His first 
wife, whom he wedded in 1846, was IMiss Catherine 
Johnston, a daughter of Benjamin Johnston: she 
was born near Lancaster City, and died in 1S68, at 
the age of forty-four years, leaving one child, Johns- 
ton Miller ; he became one of the leading farmers in 
Warwick township, though later lie removed to 
Lititz and followed the insurance business. He 

marrietl Miss PImma Minnich, and became the 
father of three children, John .M., I'.e'^sic and Emina. 
He died in 1801. 

The second marriage of .Mr. Miller took pl;icc i;; 
1874, to .Mrs. Ann (Walhice) Wise, widow oi Cb.ri-.- 
tian Wise. She died in 1879, and in 1884, Mr. M';i- 
ler chose for his third wife, ]Mrs. Elizalietb .Shirk, 
widow of Isaac Shirk. >.lrs. Elizabeth Miller passed 
away in 1896, and in the fall of 1^97. Mr. .Miiier 
contracted his fourth marriage with Mrs. Elizabetli 
Minnich, widow of John .Nlinnicli, aiul daughter of 
James and Ellanor (Leslie) StillwcU. They lived 
in quiet contenl;iient in Lititz, where his death tr^-.k 
place Aug. 28. iv")OT. He was a member of the Ger- 
man Baptist Church, as is also his widow. 

;Mr. >di!ler was a stockholder in the Lancaster 
C'ouutv Bank, and in the Farmers' National Bank 
o\ Lancaster, as well as in the Lancaster Trust Com- 
pany, the Lancaster Electric Light C(Mnpany, the 
I.itiiz National B.ank, ami the Ephrata & l.ancaster 
Turnjiike Comp.any. He never failed to invest his 
means in anv enterprise that gave promise to in- 
crea^^e the Iwnefits and ]-irosperity of Ins townshii^' 
and coimlv. In jioiitics lie was a Republican troni 
the time the party was founde!l. 

HOFFER. With the best development of Mt. 
Joy township t!ie name of HolTer has ever hccn 
connected; Lancaster and adjoining counties have 
had more th:m one occasion to be grateful to some 
representative of the family bearing that lionorc<I 

•Matthias Hotter, from whom the Hoffcvs in this 
country are d.escendcd., was born in Klein Heuni- 
gen. Canton llaslc, Switzerland. Aug. 24, 1718 (old 
stvle), and immigrated to America, landing at V'hiki- 
delpliia, Sept. 2, 1743. He married .Maria Wohi- 
wcider, daughter of a farmer, and settled near Man- 
heini. The wife died Jan. 25. 1778, leaving six .sons 
and six daughters. Mr. Hoffer subsequently mar- 
ried a second wife, who bore him five sons and one 

!ohn Hoffer. fifth son of IMatthias, married Bar- 
bara Long, and resided in Londonderry, now Cone- 
wago township, Dauphin county, where he died Dec. 
4, 1837 . He was the father of eight children, six sons 
and two daughters, of whom Samuel. George. John 
and Joshua, all settled in this locality and reared 
families. Their descendants are still living in this 
and adjoining counties. 

John (2), fourth son of John, married Mary 
■ Reider, and resided in Conewago townshi]}, Dau- 
( phin county, where he died j^.fay 21. 1866. He had 
tl-.ree children : Isaac, of Leljanon ; Jacob R., of 
Mt. Joy; and Marv, widow of Rev. William Hertz- 
ler, residing in Elizabetbtov/n. Isaac was the first 
mayor of Lebanon, Pa. He died Feb. t8, 1893, 
leaving three sons, Amos (since deceased"), John 
and .^Uen, and one daughter, ISlvs. George S. Bow- 

Jacob R. Hofi'ER was born on a farm in Dan- 



• in county June 23, 1823. District schools in 
,,e (lavs atfordcd but meri^-re npnorti-iiitios for 
,L;!i'in:,' an educaticn, but ycnnv:;^ Hoffer t^-jok 
, rv aclvantage of such as thcv were. He also at- 
■ ioJ Brown's School at Mt. jo;.', and later James' 
\oadeniv in Philadelphia. Mis early ambition 
•.-iriicd toward the printer's trade, Ijnt circum.stancei 
,..:i-,pei!ed him to pa.;s his youns^f manhood on his 
f.iil'.or's farm. His uncle. Squire Samuel Hotter. 
..f Conewapro township, Daniihin county, was a -.-an 
..I considerable learning and hisfii reputation, who 
!':vl established himself as a surveyor and : 
,111 1 having: taken a fancy t-) his nephew Jacob, 
Squire HotTer ii^ave him a thorou.t^h understandins; 
..f the intricacies of his profession. This Mr. 
Hoffer continuerl to f.-il!o',v until 1864. when ill 
!-.ealth compelled him. to alian<!on a work that re- 
.;uired such .threat physical endurance: he conductctl 
,1 notion store to the time of his death, and also, true 
to his early predilection, he rurncl to the printiucj 
. frlce. in 1864 becomine^ proprietor of the }.ft. [oi- 
Herald. which had been established by Mr. F.'lt. 
Stanffer in 1854, Aithouq-ii not a practical prir.tcr. 
Mr, Hoffer S(jon stained a thoroncfh knowdedci^e of 
die details of the business, and <iurinn' his carcxr as 
'■ditor and proprietor of the Herald he <::^reat:y ad- 
v.qnced the standard of journalisn.i in liis locality. 
He v.-as broad and lilieral in his views, and crave lo 
die public a pa[)cr clt-aii and wlKdesome ; coui^crva- 
tive in his expressions, he was .-i wise moulder of 
public opinion, and the farnu-rs and l)U;sincss lucn 
all held him and his najier in hicrh esteem. Smce 
his death, his sons, John PI. floffer and I'riah E. 
Hoffer, are conductin;:;: the p.aper for the estate. 

Jacob R. Hoffer ^\■as tuiitci in marriage with 
.Martha Enj;le. His death occurred. .Vpri! 15, r^oj. 
and of his children two so'.is and five deUicflitcrs 
survive: John E., Uriah E.. iNTarv E., Rebecca and 
Hannah, all of Mt. Joy : Helen. of'Philadelpliia ; and 
Annie A., wife of Dr. C. G. Gabel, of Lancaster. 

HENRY S. RUTTER, a retired farmer and 
tobacco packer, is a director of the Ga;-) National 
Hank, and has his home in Intercourse, Pa. He 
was born in Leacock township, Lancaster county, 
Oct. 15, 1836, and is a son of Eli and Elizabeth. 
(Skyles) Rutter. 

Eli and Elizabeth Rutter were married Oct. 25. 
'^^2. They were of Leacock and Salisbury tov.'u- 
-'■hips, respectively. Mr. Rutter operateti a hotel in 
Leacock township, and was a farmer foin- years in 
^Villiamstown, where later he was a merchant for 
•■•ome fifteen years. At the expiration of that period 
lie retired. He was born Sciit. 17. t8o6, and died 
Oec, 30, 1878: Mrs. Elizabeth Rutter was born Feb. 
-6, 1805. and died Aupf. 2r, 18S4: both were buried 
in the cemetery of Christ Church at Intercourse, Pa. 
Mrs. Rutter was a member of Christ Cluirch. To 
them came the following: familv : Harriet A., born 
^lay 20. 1834, who is the wifiow of John Hess, a 
fanner, and lives at Gap. Pa. : Hcnrv S. ; Hannah 

E., born May 4. 1S31), livincr at Intercourse, the 
wiiliiw ')i ( leorcfe Dii'or. at 'inc tiir.e a hntcl :n;ui ami 
A d.rm-.jr: Jacob K., brivn N^nv. 1 \. 1842, \-.l-,<i mar- 
ried Macrcrie P. Lincoln, and is a farmer at ir.ter- 
cours>'. 1 'enn5\"!vanla. 

The paternal Q-ranilparents of !\rr. Rutter were 
Jacob and Hainiah ( T'-rmt ) Rutter. and liiey were 
marrieri Jan. 21. iS'Tf). They were farming' iieriplc. 
and also kept a hotel in Intercnr.rse uia'r.- ^•ear^. 
'\ZiCoh Rutter was bnni April 24. \~(*). and died 
-April 10, [845. while hi.s wife was born .Aug'. 6, 
1779, and died Oct. u. 18'^'io: both v,-ere Iniried in the 
Cenietery of Christ Church at Intercourse. T'.iev 
had the followincf family: Elizabeth, born r)ct. 22, 
1800, married to Gooroe Rutter; Mary, b.>rn !May 
25, 1802: I'riah, m.arried to Eliza P)aker : Eli, whr> 
<lied Dec. 30, 1878, in the seventy-third year of liis 
age; Anna L., who died Feb. 14, 1S65, ''^ ^''^''' fifty- 
sixth year, unmarried : Sarah, who died Oct. 29, 
1883, at the a,2;e of se\e-nty-one years, nine moPiths 
•j.ud twelve days, th.o wife of John Miller : Rachel, 
I.^orn .Sept. 2.1. t8io, married, to John \^arnes : Han- 
nah \".. wiio married Harvey \'arncs, of \N'ashing-, D. C. and is v.<<\\ dcail. 

The maternal 5:ran(ip:'.rcnis of Mr. Rr.ttcr were 
Hcnrv :u\'\ Rebecca I'Dunlap") Skylcs, of Salisburv 
tov.'uship, where he was enq-aq'Cfl in liusiness, both 
.Ts a farnier and a pr-lter. 

Ifcnrv S. Rutter v.-a.s married ^.Inrcli 7, 1865. 
in Williamstovvn, Pa., to IMiss Sarah E, Eckert, bv 
V. horn he lias had the fullowincif family: Puinch, who 
did at tb.e a^e of eiL;ht vears ; Laura J., an in.valid, 
at home unmarried; Hannali, wdio mairied .Vdain 
Dillcr, a farmer antl a drover at Intercourse, Pa., 
and who is tlie motlicr of four children: Elizabeth, 
who married Tobias Lcanian, of Gordonville. Pa.. 
and is tlie mother of one chikl ; Sar.ah. married to 
Harry W'eilcr, a clerk in a store in \Mnte Horse, Pa. ; 
Harry E., a nierch,ant at New Holland, un!;iarried ; 
Jacob P., a hardware clerk, livinpf ai; home : Etta E.. 
at home: Chauncey E., a druirc^ist in Lancastei', 
Pa.; Howard. L., at home. 

Mrs. Sarah E. Rutter v,-as l;orn in Learn^k i:ov.'n- 
ship in 1842. and is a daui^hter of Jncrib K. and 
Hannah (Varnes) Eckert. Mr. Ec!;ert was a 
fanner, and died in 1863. at the acre of sixty-four : 
his widow died in iSro. at the ace of sixtv-nine 
^■ears ; both were buricil in the Rolands Cemerer,' 
in Earl township. They v/cre the parents of the 
iollowiuGf family : Rev. John ^'., a Lutheran 
preacher, who died in i8<)8: George, living retired 
in Lancaster: .Susannah, married to Jere;niah Se!- 

! domridge. a retired fanner of Leacock township : 

. Lewis, now of Philadelphia ; Heiiry, deceased ; 

I Mary A., late wife oi Rol>ert Hoar; Sarah E. ; Jem.i- 
mah, the widow of Henry Harsh., living in Lan- 

I caster ; Evaline, deceased wife of Josiah ZiX)k : Re- 

i becca, married to Moses Lless, of Duncanr.on, Penn- 

j sylvania. 

I Hcnrv S. Rutter renian.ied on. the paternal 
homestead until he eicrl^tecn vears old. \v!ieh ho 



v/ent to White Horse, Pa., and was employed two 
years as a clerk by William Bimn ; then he went to 
Williamstovvn, Pa., where he V\'as enga.c^ed \vith 
Harry Worst two years in the mercantile business. 
At the expiration of that time, in company with, his 
father, he bought out Mr. Wor.-t, and operated the 
stand until 1865. That year his brother Jacob 
bought his father out, and the two were 'in partner- 
ship until 1S71. That year Jacob retired from the 
firm, and Mr. .Rutter was alone in the business for 
some two years, when he sold the store to Harry 
Brackbill. ]\Ioving to Leacocktownship, he bouafht 
a farm, where he remained until 1880, and in that 
year came to Intercourse and besjan business as a 
tobacco packer. At present Mr. Rutter has retired 
from both farming ajid t!ie tobacco packing indus- 
tries and is enjoying in his latter years a well-earned 

Mr. Rutter belongs to the Knights Templars ; in 
politics is a Democrat, and iiolds a prominent posi- 
tion in the comnmnity. His personal qualities liave 
won him friends, while his business abilities have 
made him wealthy. 

No. 49 North Duke street, is one of the most 
promising young members of the Lancaster Bar, 
.and is a striking illustration of what the American 
youth can accomplisii even in the face of most 
adverse circumstances. He was born July 24, 1876, 
at Alioona, Pa., son of /\. IT. Powden and Margaret 
Young. His father was employed at the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad shops at Altoona, and died there 
three months before his son's birth; his mother 
dying when her boy was onlv sixteen months old, 
the young orphan was brought to Lancaster by his 
grandfather, Isaac B. Povrden, who is a wholesale 
dealer in cigars and at this time is still traveling 
about on business of his house, though over eighty- 
four years of age. His grandmother was Elizabeth 
Haines. He v,'as kept by his paternal grandparents 
until he was four years of acre, at wiiich time, upon 
the death of his grandmother, he was placed in 
the care of a paternal uncle with whom he had his 
home until he was eight years of age, and at whose 
instance he was sentenced to the House of Refuge 
at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

Poor, and almost friendiess, young Powden was 
presented on the day of his sentence to the House of 
Refuge, with a silver dollar, by a gentleman of 
Lancaster, and encouraged by that kind act, he 
resolved to secure an education and become a 
lawyer. How bravely and successfully he clung to 
that resolution and purpose is now a matter of 
record. The silver dollar is carried by him to-day, 
and is treasureil above all his other possessions, 
bearing an inscription from whom the coin came, 
to whom it was given, and under what circum- 
stances. ! 

Through the efforts of his new benefactor and 
other friends who t.x)k up his cause, he was 

released from the House of Refiige at the end of 
three weeks, and placed in the Children's Home at 
Lancaster, Pa., where he remained until ten vears 01 
age, at which time he went to live witii Samuel O. 
trantz, at Rohrerstown, where he worked on the 
farm during the summer and attended sc'.iool in the . 
wmter, and remaining with this kind-hearted 
family until he %vas sixteen yean of age. Striking 
out for himself at that age lie secured a position in 
a general merchandise store at IMechanics Grove, 
wliere lie remained one year, and then returned tc 
Lancaster as a clerk for Ezra F. Bowman &: Co., 
v.diolesale jewelers, with whom he spent four years. 
Clerking during the day, he piir.^ued special studies 
by night, giving much attention to Latin, under the 
tutorship of a graduate of Franklin and Marshall 

Upon tlie financial failure of the firm of Ezra 
F. Bowman S: Co., yotmg Po^'den entered the la\.- 
office of C. Reese Eaby, Esq., and after faithfid 
study passed his {preliminary e.xamdnation. Dec. i(. . 
1S97, and was admitted to practice Sept. 15, igoo. 
He also Iioiiis a commission of Notary Public, and 
is a member of the Superior and Supron:e Courts 
of this state. 

Mr. Powden is a member of the First Presby- 
terian church of Lancaster, and also a trustee of 
White Cross Commrindery No. 159, .-Vncient and 
Illustrious f.)r.ler of Knights of I'tlalta. In pulitics 
he is a .stanch Republican and very active. 

No man of his years has worked more indus- 
triously or systematically than this bright and pro- 
gressive young member of the legal profession. 
Mr. Powden is a inan of genial and courteous 
address, honest and uprigiit as the day is long, and 
has won a host of friends, who justly prize his 
manly qualities and genuine work. 

D.WID L. MILLER, Through its numerous 
descendants and by marriage and inter-inarr^age 
with leading families, the Miller n.amc is weil 
known ai! over Lancaster county. A worthy rep- 
resentative oi this fam.ily, who resides in 
in Mt. Joy, retired from active business life, is Da- 
vid L. Miller, a highly esteemed citizen, and one 
who for the past ten vears lias been a director of the 
Union National Bank of Mt. Joy. 

Mr. Miller was bom in Conoy township. July 
16, 1834, a sen of David and Anna (Longenecke'- 1 
Miller, the fo;iner of whom was well knov,-n in the 
county and township, acting many years in the ca- 
pacity of school director. He died in 1887, at the 
age of eighty-lwo, after several years of retirement ; 
his widow survived until 1894, and both were buried 
in Donegal to^mship, old and prominent mem,bers 
of the Menncnaite Church. 

The children of David and Anna Miller were: 
Elizabeth, whomarried Abraham Martin, a farmer of 
Conoy townshro ; Fanny, who married Henry Metz- 
gar, of DauphtTi' countv: Anna, unm.arried, a resident 
of Conoy towE-ship ; Christian, a retired of 




, . nov township: David L. ; John, wb.o died young; 
HtnrV. a retired farmer of West Donegal township; 
i'nrbara. who married John Erb, a farmer of Daii- 
, ;.,,[i couiitv ; JMary, who married Andrew Stoner. a 
f.inner of Conoy township : Leah, who married Ja- 
v-.'b Erb. a farmer in Kansas : Abraham, a farmer of 
\\'e~t Donegal township: Martin, a farmer of Conoy 
township: Samuel, a farmer of ivlt. Joy township; 
;;nJ Mattie, deceased, who married Amos Zimmer- 
r'.an. The paternal grandparents were Ernest and 
Elizabeth 3.iiller. of Epb.rata, and the maternal 
grandparents were Christian and Fanny i Brenne- 
man) Longenecker, of Lancaster county, all of these 
being old and leading families of the greatest finan- 
cial stability, and of honorable standing in their 
several communities. 

One of a large and happy family, David L. ■Mil- 
ler grew np in his comfortable farm-house home, 
surrounded by the good mfinences which a pious fa- 
tl;er and mother brought into the houseb.old. His 
education was act]uired in tlie public schools, and 
until he v.-as twenty-two years old he remained un- 
der the parental roof. For some years he then op- 
erated a rented farm, but later, at the time of his 
second marriage, purchased a farm in Rapho town- 
ship, and there became a prominent farmer and a 
leading factor in township affairs, for three years 
giving his services as school director and doing 
much for the encouragement of edr.cation. 

The first marriage of Mr. JMiller was in 1858, 
in Lancaster, to Fanny Garber. a daughter of John 
and Catherine (Seachrist) Garber. ]Mr3. Miller 
was born in West Donegal township, where she lies 
buried, having died on 3.1arch i, 1861, at the age 
of twentN'-three. Her children were: John, wdio 
married Fanny Heaston, a retired farmer of Mt. 
Joy: and Fanny, who died young. The second 
marriage of Jlr. Miller was in 1863, to Leah Niss- 
ley, and to this union has been born this family: 
Anna, who resides v.dth her parents : Barbara, who 
married Amos Stauffer, a miller of East Donegal 
township ; Mary, who married Harry 3.1iller, of ilt. 
Toy: Milton, who resides on the old farm, in Rapho 
tov.-nship; and Elizabeth, who married F. B. F. 
Hoffer, a hardware merchant in Christiana, Penn- 

Mrs. Leah (Nissley) Miller was born in East 
Donegal township, Aug. 30. 1835. a daughter of 
Peter and Catherine (Krider) Nissley, the former 
of whon; was a well-known preacher in the i\Ien- 
nonite Church, and also a fanner. His birth occur- 
red July 22, 1S02, and his death in 1893, after a long 
life full of good deeds. The beloved mother had 
preceded him many vears before, her death taking 
place in 183 1. Both were buried in the cemetery of 
the Donegal Mennonite Church, where he had min- 
istered for fortv vears. 

The children born to Rev. Peter and Catherine 
Nissley were: J^Iary. who married Rev. Solomon 
i:wartz. a I'. B. minister in Dauphin county; Esther, 
■^vho died at the age of twenty-one: John K., de- 

ceased : Leah, who is the only survivor of her fam- 
ily ; Christiann, \vho died unmarried ; Barbara, v.;ho 
married C. F. Hosretter ; Catherine, who died wiien 
but seventeen ; and Annie, ■who died at the age of 

The paternal srandfather of ?ilrs. Miller was 
Rev. Christian Nissley, of Donegal township, wliere 
he was for many years a ■\lennonite minister of 
prominence. He miarried a ^liss Graybill and thev 
had three sons, John, who became a deacon in the 
-Mennonite Church : Hon. Jacob, a farmer, who also 
became an Assemblyman from this county : and 
Peter, the father of Mrs. Miller. On the maternal 
side rhe ■grandfailier also was a minister, the Rev. 
John Kricer, wdio married a member of the Denlinger 
fam.ily, of Lancaster countv. 

!\ir. Miller is a stanch Republican, and is one of 
the leading members of the ^^lennonite Church, widi 
which the family has so long been promincnth- con- 

CHARLES FlYNEAR. now a retired farmer of 
Bart township. Lancaster county, was born in L'pper 
Dublin. ^Montgomery coimty, Nov. to, 1822, a son 
of \\'ill!am and Sarah (.Spencer") Rvnear, both of 
whom were born in }iIontgomery county, where thev 
were married. For some years they lived' in what 
was known as the Indian Settlement, near Rochester. 
N. Y.. and then moved to C'xford. Chester countv. to 
engage in a l:otel business for several vears. The 
last few m.ontiis of his life, William Ryncar spent at 
Dry Weils, in Eden township, Lancaster countv. 
After his death, his widow with her four children 
moved to the "Old Trap Tavern" on the Newport 
road in Bart township. She later became the wife 
of Frcflerick Rogers, and mafle her home at George- 
town. There she died, leaving one daughter, by lier 
second husband, Catherine, now the wife of Arthur 
.Stewart, of Georgetown. 

Charles Rynear is the oldest child born to his 
parents. Elizabeth, the oldest daugb.ter, was born 
in New York. She married Peter Ibaugh, a ma- 
chinist, v.'ho died several years ago. She lives in 
Christiana and has five children: Sarah. Spencer, 
Georere, Bruce and Louis. The second dauginer. 
Harriett, married Isaac N. Lewis: both have passed -.^ 
away, !Mr. Le^vis on July 20, i8qi, and his wife 
!VIav n, 1896. They had tliree children. Ellen and 
Jenette, deceased, and William E.. of Harrisburg. 
The fourth child of W'illiam Rynear was Jonathan 
Rynear, who was born in !vIontgomery county, and 
became a soldier in the Civil war. He enlisted in a 
company formed in Juniata county, and miade a 
good record, both as a gallant soldier, and a loyal 
and devoted citizen. After the war he married in 
Juniata county, where he still resides. They have 
three children : Sarah, Edwin and Charles. 

Charles Rynear was reared to manhood in Lan- 
caster county, and given a somewhat limited educa- 
tion. After the death of his father much of the care 
of his younger brother and sisters fell on him. Mr. 



Rynear was married in January, 1S49, ^'^ Rachel M., 
the daughter of Henry anil EHza A. (Swisher) Key- 
lor. one of the prominent families of Bart township. 

Henry Keylor was born in Germany in 1792, and 
his wife in Colerain townihip, in September. 1809. 
She was a daugiiter of John and Rachel (\\'oodrow) 
Swislicr, who had their home in Colerain township, 
and came of Swiss parentage. Henry Keylor was 
married in 1827, and established his home on a farm 
in Bart township, where he lived until a few years 
before his death. He bought a home at Nine Points, 
where he died in 1S75. His widow passed to her rest 
ni 1891. 

To Henry Keylor and his wife were born five 
children. ( i) Raciiel, v.ho is T.Irs. Rynear, was born 
in May, 1S28, and was gi\en a very fair edtication in 
the public schools of the day. (2 1 ?.Iartha E.. born 
in 1830, the widow of Joseph Clark, lives in Chester 
county, near her four children. Henry, Harland, Jen- 
nie and Walter, Oscar and Samuel C. having died. 
(3) Elizabelli J., born in Bart township in December. 
1832, is the widow of Robert A. Ferguson, and still 
lives at Nine Points with her two daughters. Xora 
and Ellen ; Ellen is the wife of Samuel ^IcComsey 
of Philadelphia. (4) John J., born in 1S34, married 
Jane McClure, and has a home in ]Mechanic>burg. 
They liave three children. Dr. Walter M., Lillie E. 
and William J. (5) Jacijh K.. born in 1S37. married 
Rebecca Rutter, of Bart tov/nsnip. uhcre they live 
on their farm. They have five children, Ploward, 
IMaggie J., Ella, Adam and Henry. 

Mr. and INIrs. Rynear setiled at their present 
home in 1849; on this place he has made extensive 
improvements, clearing over a hundred acres, erect- 
ing a good set of farm buildings, and developing 
one of the choice country homes of Bart township. 
To them have come two children. 

William B. Rynear, who was born in 185 1. mar- 
ried Anna AI. Keylor, a daugliter of Milton Keylor, 
of Colerain township. They resiile in that township 
on their fine farm, with their two children : Rebecca 
A., and Spencer C. : Rebecca .A. is a graduate of the 
Pennsylvania State Normal School at Alillersville 
and is now teaching. 

Margaret J. Rynear. the daughter, was born in 
1854. and is tlie wife of A\'il!i3m Plollis. a prosperous 
farmer of Bart township. 

Mr. Rynear is associated with the Friends. He 
is a Democrat, and has held the position of school 
director for fifteen years, also serving one term as 
supervisor of Bart township. Air. and Mrs. Ry- 
near have lived to see Bart township grow from al- 
most a wilderness to its present rich and prosperous 
condition, and their industrious and useful lives have 
contributed much to the welfare of the community. 

ABRAM KLINE has for many years been one 
of the most prominent residents of Lancaster county^ 
his active connection with numerous enterprises of 
interest and benefit to that section early bringing 
him into favorable notice, and he has throuarhout 

life sustained the highest reputation for hoiior and 
integrity in every association. No citizen of Man- 
heim has shown a more progressive spirit, or more 
enterprise in undertaking and carrying on to con:- 
pletion whatever he thinks will promote the welfare 
of the town : and he is equally interested in the well 
being and prosjierity of his friends and neighbors, a 
fact which accounts for the confidence displayed by 
them in intrusting him with public ati'airs. 

Air. Kline is a native of Lancaster county, born 
June 17, 1828, near Silver Spring, in East Hemp- 
field township, where his fatlier, Jacob Kline, was 
also born. Jacob Kline spent his early life in his na- 
tive township, and at the time of his death was a 
resident of Schoeneck, this county. He was first en- 
gaged as a stone mason, later as a farmer, and ac- 
quired a comfortable competence. In religion he 
was a devout memljer of the Alennonite Church. 
Air. Kline married Aliss Susan Hicstand, who, like 
himself, was of German descent. She was the third 
in order of birth of tlie large family of John Hie- 
stand. The later was an extensive land owner near 
Landisvilie, and one of the first distillers of his re- 

Abram Kline passed his early years on the farm, 
remaining on the old homestead until he was fifteen 
years of age. His education was received in the lo- 
cal schoois. He Icarn.ed carpentering and cabinet- 
making, serving first with Ci. \V. Peters, of Colum- 
bia, this count}', and completing his apprenticeship, 
which covered a period of four years, with Rabe & 
Leib, in Philadelphia. On his return to Lancaster 
countv, he was engaged at his trade by John Dyer, 
of Alanheim. continuing this until he determined to 
try merchandising. Air. Kline's first experience in 
this line was with P. iS: G. Arndt. and he subse- 
quently was sent to Alt. Joy as the representative of 
Philip Anidt, of P. Arndt, Sliafi'ner & Co.. lumber 
dealers. Returning to Alanheim in 1S51, he pur- 
chased an interest in the business of P. & G. Arndt, 
and for four years was one of the most prominent 
business men in the place, finally disposincr of his 
share in the concern to enter other fields in l-'hiladel- 
phia. Tl:ere he remained over fifteen }ears. becom- 
ing a member of the firm of Stein, Wanner &: Co., 
extensive importers and jobbers of china, glassware 
and queensware ; from this he retired because the 
multiplicity of demands upon him was affecting his 
liealth. During this time he invented an improve- 
ment on a gliSs fruit jar, which broucrht him S21.- 
oco. In 187a Air. Kline returned to Alanheim and 
embarked in tilie business which has since claimed 
his attention : Siis lumber yard has the reputation of 
being the best equipped along the Reading and Co- 
lumbia Railway. A gentleman once remarked that 
it was the bea organized yard in the State. The ca- 
pacity for sludding lumber is half a million feet. 
The hardware store, located on the corner of Stiegel 
and South Charlotte streets, has a frontage of 
twenty-two feet on tlie latter, and extends to a depth 
of 100 feet. Hhe store room extends fortv feet along 



Charlotte street, the front being entirely of ghss. A 
heavy stock, of all kinds of hardware, is carried, and 
the establishment enjo}S a larg-e patronage from 
^danheim and the surrounding countiy. 

Mr. Kline is the largest real estate owner in 
^Manheim, and he has erected a number of modern 
houses, all of them a credit to the owner and an im- 
provement to the section of the town in which they 
are located. Thus 'Mr. Kline's enterprise has bene- 
fited the town, as well as brought him prosperity, for 
his undertakings have all been oil. an extensive scale. 
Though he has been wholly successful in business 
his reward has been well merited, for no man has 
carried a iiigher stantling in financial circles. His 
ability and tact are manifest to all wdio have had 
dealings with him. For a number of years past iNlr. 
Kline has been ably assisted by his son, Charles A. 
who has proveil himself capable and energetic in 
every respect. 

As a ptiblic-spiritcd citizen Abram Kline has 
long been recognized as one of the leaders in the 
town. Flis intluence has always been en the side 
of progress, whether promoting new business en- 
terprises or advocating public improvements, and 
his careful and judicious management of his own 
affairs inspired confidence in his ability to handle 
the affairs of the municipality. His alertness and 
ciuickness of perception have been evident on more 
than one occasion, and. lieing backed by good judg- 
ment, his opinion on all subjects is eagerly souglit 
and valued. The part he has taken in borough af- 
fairs is well known. When he was burgess the 
streets were improved by being graded, curbed and 
macadamized. Fie is one of tlie originators and is 
president of the Zslanheim Building Association ; 
one of the incorporators and president of the ]\Ian- 
heim Fairview Cemetery ^Association ; one of the 
original subscribers to the Manheim and Lititz turn- 
pike, and likewise to the ^fanheim and Sporting 
Flill turnpike; one of the incorporators and direc- 
tors of the ]Manheim' Fire Insurance Association ; 
president of the 3.[anheim Water Company, an un- 
usually successful enterprise which paid a dividend 
from the start, and the stock of wdiich is now at a 
premium. While in Philadelphia Mr. Kline served 
four years as a member of the city council, repre- 
senting the thirteenth ward : he was one of the most 
prominent members in that body, and his value was 
recognized by his appointment to positions on the 
committees of Finance. Schools. Water, and the 
Girard Estate, Flouse of Correction and others. He 
always manifested a deep interest in the welfare of 
the city. One of the original Centennial commit- 
tee, he went to Washington frequently with that 
bodv to have the exposition go where it went, New 
York City at the time having made a lively contest 
for the great enterprise. He has always been an 
active Republican in politics since the days of Fre- 
mont. In 18S3 Mr. Kline thought it best for the 
party to vote for John Stewart for Governor, and 

accordingly took an active interest in that notable 


Shortly after the war broke out Mr. Kline left 

Philadelphia with a militia company, and. served in 

the command that was stationeil at Hasferstown, 

guarding the government stores during the engage- 

micnt at Antietam. In 1S63 he was again mustered 
' mto the United States militia service for ninety 

days, and was witli the command that guarded one 
; of the South ^Mountain approaches near Funkstown. 

Fle is a member of Gen. Heintzeiman Post, G. A. R. 
In 1S52 Mr. Kline was united in marriage with 
! -Miss Caroline E. Arndt, dauehter of Philip Arndt, 
\ of IVIanheim, and three children blessed this union, 
i namely: Mary E., wife of H. K. Gingrich, cashier 
: of the Farmers' National Bank of Lititz : Ida A., 
: wife of Wayne A. Ensminger : and Charles A. The 

family residence, in East High street, is 'Dne of the 
i finest in the city, and ilr. Kline, who does not now 

intend so closely to business, passes manv pleasant 
i hojirs there among his books. From vouth he has 
; been an earnest member of th.e Reform.ed Church, 

in which he has served many years as elder, and he 
' is one of the most active workers in the Sund^av- 
' school, having taught the Bible class for sorne 
> vears. All the religions and benevolent enterprises 
• of the town receive his hearty approval and sub- 
I stantial encouragement. Indeed, there is nothing 
: of interest or good to his fellow men which Mr. 
' Kline does not uphold, and his approval is never 
; passive, invariably manifesting itself in some prac- 
i tical way. He is a warm friend and is beloved bv 
! many in the city of his adoption. 

RE\-. HENRY REED SMITH, v.ho wa?. by 
j marriage, a member of a family wl-.icii had been very 
: prominent in the Episcopal mimstrv for nearh- a 
: century in and al)0ut the eastern part of Pennsvl- 
vania, was for ten years pastor of St. John's 
: Episcopal Church, at Compassvilie, Chester countv, 
i where he endeared himself to the people bv his 
I many jioble traits of character, and by the fine ability 
i wb.ich he displayed in the pulpit. 

Rev. Henry R. Smith was a native of the town 
of Lancaster, where he was born Nov. 14. iS^^j. He 
suffered death while bathing at Beach Haven. N. J., 
Aug. 21. 1875, h.e at that time being a resident of 
i Gv.-ynedd, ^lontgomerv county. Rev. Sinith was 
j the eldest child of Richard S. and Marv S. (Triss- 
I ler'i Smith, of Lancaster, the former of whom came 
i to Lancaster when a young man. and engaged in the 
I drug business. When the son, Henrv. was but one 
I year old I he family removed to Philadelphia, where 
j the father continued the drug business. Thev were 
I members of the Episcopal Church, and were greatly 
i respected. Their children were : Henrv R. ; ^V'iliiam 
I J., a professional nurse now living in Philadelphia ; 
I Mary D., wdio married Rev. Flenry C. Pastorius, a 
i Protestant Episcopal minister at Lansford, Pa.; and 
( Sarah, and W. Atlee, who died young. 



Rev. Henry R. Smith was reared to manh'Dod in 
tlie citv of Philadelpliia. wliere he was s^iven a thor- 
ough education, and where he remained until 1862. 
He was not trained for the ministry in youth, but for 
a business career, which he entered early, and was 
for tiftcen years with Horstmann & Sons, large 
manufacturers and importers. His qualifications 
and temperament were sucli. however, that his 
friends urged him to prepare for the ministry, and 
he, therefore, took a course in Theology, and was 
ordained to the ministry of the Episcopal Church. 
His first charge was St. John's Church. Compassville 
Chester Co., Pa., where he settled in 1S62, and wdiere 
he remained for the following ten years. Owing to 
failing health, he then retired from the active duties 
cf the ministrv and removed to Gwynedd. Pa., at 
which place he resided at the time of his death. 

On April 24, 1862. Rev. Smith was married to 
Grace Ciarkson, in the Epiphany Cliurch. Phila- 
delphia, iust prior tn settling in his ministerial work. 
Their children were Ciarkson, born June 2. 1863; 
Henry R., born March 17. 1S65 ; Emery S., born 
Dec. 26, 1S67; and Isaac Diller. born Aug. 15, 1S72. 
Of these Ciarkson and Isaac Diller died in youth; 
and Henry R. and Emery ?., both unmarried are 
electricians, ^[^s. Smith removed to Lititz. Lan- 
caster Co.. Pa., just after the death of her husband, 
but in 1S80 came to Lancaster, her nntive place. 
vvhere she enjoys the society of old friends. She was 
born in Lancaster, a daughter of Gerardus and Susan 
(Trissler) Ciarkson. Gerardus Ciarkson was born 
in Wilmington, Del., while his father Rev. Joseph 
Ciarkson, was minister of the Old Swedes Church, 
of that city. Mr. Ciarkson was for a period of fortv 
years connected wdth the Farmer.s' Bank of Lan- 
caster, the latter part of which service was as cashier, 
and he was a inan of fine business ability and held 
in high repute in the business circles of the citv. He 
retired a few months prior to his decease. Both he 
and his wife lie buried in St. James Church cem.e- 
tcry, of which church they were leading and prom- 
inent members under Rev. William A. Muhlenberg. 
both of them being remembered as having been es- 
pecially distinguished for their beautiful voices and 
which were for long years heard in the choir of St. 
James Church. Their children were: Joseph, de- 
ceased in 1S89 ; Edward, retired and living in North- 
ampton county; Gerardus. deceased in 1S67: Robert 
deceased in 1879; Samuel, deceased in 1804; }\Iarv. 
widow of Thomas W. Henderson, living near Park- 
esburg. Chester Co.. Pa.; Grace (Mrs. H. R. 
Smith) ; Susan, residing in Washington, D. C, and 
the widow of Miles Roch. a renowned scientist and 
geologist wdio died in Guatemala City ; and Michael. 
the youngest child, who died in 1890. The paternal 
grandparents of Mrs. Smith were Rev. Josenh and 
Grace (Cook) Ciarkson, the former a native of 
Philadelphia, tiie latter of New Brunswick. N. S. 
He was one of the early ministers of the Episcopal 
Church in Lancaster and was ordained by the emin- 
ent and scholarly Bishop William A. White on hi.3 

return from England. Rev. Joseph was a son of 
Dr. Gerardus Ciarkson, an eminent physician of 
Philadelphia in his day. 

eran pressman in the city of Lancaster, and who fjr 
many years has been superintendent of the £.v- 
aminer press rooms, is of the fourth generation of 
Plaversticks in Lancaster county. 

Col. Michael Haverstick, his great-grandfather. 
was a native of Germany, and cam.e to America 
wdien twenty-three years old. making the voyage 
in the ship "Europa," Capt. Lunsdaine, from Rot- 
terdam, and landing in Philadelphia Nov. 17, 1741. 
He came to Lancaster county and was naturalize'! 
in 1751- He located on the Concstotra creek, be- 
tween Wabank and Nev/ Danville. Pic was the 
father cf six sons and four daughters, viz. : Will- 
iam, Jacob, Alichael, Rudolph, John, Matthias, Mary 
Elizabeth, Barbara, Catharine and Ann Mary. In 
1775 he was chosen one of the committee of obser- 
vation of Lancaster county. Pie served in the army 
of the Revolution, and rose to the rank of colonel. 
Kiiiiself and family were members of the Reformed 
C!n:rch. Pie died in 1793, when seventy-five years 
of age, leaving an estate (as per his will) valued 
at £7,000. He is ijuried in one of the private grave- 
yards in the vicinity of his home. 

Jacob Haverstick, tiic grandfatlier of David C,. 
lived along the Conestoga creek, near \Val)ank. 
in this county, and tliere was born David Plavcr- 
stick, the father of David Charles. David Haver- 
stick married Sarah Ann Warfel, daughter of a 
farmer of New Danville, and eight children were 
born to them, five of whom are yet living: Lydia 
A., widow of Abraham Lind. of this county : !Mar- 
garet, wife of George E. Zellers, master nierl-,ariic 
of cotton mills No. 2 and No. 3, Lancaster ; David C. 
of whom we v/ill more particularly write ; Edward, 
a corporal in the I22d P. V. I., who died in the 
service in 1863 ; Cyrus, who died in early man- 
hood ; Benjamin, a soldier in the United States 
army, and now stationed in San Francisco : Rolaudes. 
now' deceased: and I\Lary Jane, wddow of James 
Strachan, of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 

David C. Haverstick was born in 1838, in Stras- 
bu.rg township. Lancaster Co.. Pa., and received Iris 
education, in the schools of his birthplace. At the 
age of thirteen years he came to Lancaster city,, 
and in 1854 entered the old Express office as an ap- 
prentice to the printing business, and soon became 
an expert pressman. He has been superintendent 
of the press room of the Express (now merged in 
the Exaininer^ for more than forty years, his only 
absence from his work being when he was serving 
nine months as fifth sergeant in the I22d Reginient. 
P. V. I. 

In 1865 J^'Ir". Haverstick was married to Mis.s 
.\nna St. John, a native of Baltimore, Md.. and 
daughter of Taylor and Rebecca St. John, who came 
to Lancaster from Connecticut. To this union five 





children were Ijorn. as follinvs : Edward Linnaeus, 
who died it\ TS72 in early childhood ; Alyra St. John, 
a well known and talented teacher and elocutionist, a 
graduate of the State Normal School at JNIillersville. 
who died in 18Q2: ]\li3S Bertha St. John, living at 
home ; Aimee St. John, wife of Rev. H. S. Shelley, 
pastor of the Reformed Church at Willowstreet, Lan- 
-caster Co., Pa.: and Ernest W'arfel, born June i. 
1S78, now enc^acred in the je\veling' department of the 
Hamilton Watch Co., Lancaster, 

A Republican in politics, }ilr. Haverstick, how- 
ever, has never taken any active part in political af- 
fairs, althoug-h frequently urged to do so. Outside of 
the church he belongs to th.e Y. M. C. A., the City 
Bible Snciety, and the Mechanics' Library Society 
and G. .'-\. R. He is a member of th? St. Paul's Re- 
formed Church, in wiiich he has also been an elder, 
and secretary of the consistory of same for twenty or 
more vears ; and he was superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school for a long time. He has been secretary of 
the I ancaster City Bible Society some eighteen 
vears, vice-president of th.e Mechanics' Library So- 
•ciety, and was president of the Lancaster Y. I\[. C, A. 
for nine years, during which he did yeoman service 
in wiping out the debt of the old Association build- 
ing. Tn all the walks of life — in social intercourse, in 
church, in newspaper circles, and among the com- 
munity at large — no man comm.ands and receives 
higher esteem than does David Charles Haverstick. 

JONAS K. NOLT, a highly respected retired 
■general anfi tobacco raiser in West 
Hempfield township, Lancaster county, nf>w resid- 
ing in Columbia , was born on his present farm 
Jan. 4, 1840, his parents, Jacob and Elizabeth (Hoft- 
man) Nolt being also natives of township. 

Jacob Nolt was reared as a farmer, and agricul- 
ture was the pursuit of his life. He died in ^^'est 
Hempfield township in iSSo, when sixty-eight years 
■old, but his wife survived until 1894, when she 
passed away at the age of seventy-two years, in the 
faith of the Dunkard Church, the remains of both 
"being interred in Silver Spring Cemeter_\. Their 
children were but three in number, and they were 
"born and named in the following order: Jonas H., 
whose name is mentioned above: IMary, v/ho died 
unmarried in 1S66: and Jacob, a farmer in West 
Hempfield township. The Nolt family for genera- 
tions back, engaged in farming, and the present gen- 
eration on botli sides is no exception to the rule. 

Jonas H. Nolt was united in marriage, in Lan- 
caster, in t866, with }.[iss Elizabeth Heise, a native 
•of West Hempfield township, and a daughter of 
Harry and Hannah ( Heidler) Heise : of whom 
n-.ore mav be learned bv referring to the sketch of 
B. Frank Heise, her brother, to be found cisewhere. 
This happy marriage of Jonas H. and Elizabeth 
Nolt has been blessed with four children, two of 
vvhom, however, died in infancy; Paris was called 
^way at the earlv age of ten years: and Harvey, 
liom Sept. 7, 1872, now making his home under the 

parental rooftree, was married June iS. 190T, to 
Alary A. Grove, who was born near Alountviile, in 
West Hempfield township, July i, 1878, daughter 
of Abraham PL and Fannie (.Garber) (irove. 

Jonas H. Nolt has always been of donie>tic, as 
well as of industrious, haliits, and he has ever been 
content to ;riake Ids present farm liis lifelong abid- 
ing place. He has not been neglectful, hov-.-ever, of 
the affairs of his township, but has been public- 
spirited and prompt to promote local progress with 
his time and means when called upon, having served 
nine years as school director, and having been a 
director in the Central National Bank of Columbia 
since its organization. Pa politics a Republican, he 
has been ardent in his support of tlie principles of his 
party and active in promoting its success at the polls, 
but he has remained satistied v/ith the conscious- 
ness of having done his part in this quiet way toward 
bringing about a victorious result, regardless of self 
or of reward through appointment to public office or 
other share of "pariy spoils." 

Socially Mr. Nolt enjoys the friendship and re- 
spect of the best people in West Hemrihcld town- 
ship, and is tmiversally recognized as being honora- 
ble and upright in all transactious of a business 
character. He retired from farm life in the spring 
of 1902, and now resides in Columbia, leaving his 
son as his successor. 

The Ploffman family, from which Mr. Nolt is 
descended in maternal Hnes. has long been v.-ell 
knov.-n in the county. His mother, Elizabeth CHott- 
man) Nolt, ^^•as r. daughter of Christ Hofir'man. who 
was born and raised in \\'est Hempfield township. 
Pie a large tract of farming land near IronviUe 
(now the property of the Jacob Hostetter family). 
He had tv\-o brothers, Daniel, of Lidianapolis. Ind. : 
and Mike, who lived on a pretty farm in Stark coun- 
tv, Ohio, and who is survived by one son, Henn/. 
Christ Hoffman married Botsy Playmaker, who bore 
him twelve children, as follows: Jacob, who died 
iri 1889, aged seventy-seven, leaving children, Jacob. 
John, Martin and Fanny : John, -i\ho li'.-es at Ch.est- 
nut Hill, on a farm: Christly, who died unmarried ; 
Joseph, who married and died: Fred., who is de- 
ceased: Maria: Elizabeth, who became ^.Irs. Noit: 
Nancy, Mrs. Whitman, born in 1S20, now living 
r.ear }i[anheim, the only survivor of the family; 
Sarah, married and the mother of four sons and 
three daughters; Mollie, Mrs. Shannon; Bevia, v.dio 
died at home; and Maria (2). 

CHRISTIAN ERIS:\rAN, a retired farmer, 
vvdiose pleasant and attractive home is at Sporting 
Hill, Rapho township, Lancaster county, was bom 
on the site of the Erisman's i>.Ieeting House, which 
formed a part of the family honiestoad in R-ipho 
township. Feb. 2, 1816. a son of Jacob and Mary 
CSletz) Erisman. His parents were botl: born and 
reared in Rapho township, where they passed their 
lives, and when they died their remains were lali! to 
rest in the <:emetei"v connected ^^ ith Erisman 5 



Church. T!ic father served as supervisor one year, 
and was an honorable and hic^hly respected citizen 
and member of tiie community. Botli he and his 
wife belonged to the ^Icnnonite Church, and in that 
faith they reared their family. Their children were : 
Maria, who died at the ae^e of thirteen years ; 
Elizabeth, v/ho died unmarried at the asfe of eitjhty- 
three years ; Nancv. late wife of Christ. Hershey : 
Christian : Jacob, who died at the age of sixty-five 
years ; Abraham, who died at the age of seventy- 
five years ; Faimy, the widow of John Baker, who 
lives in East Hempfield township ; Henry, unmar- 
ried ; -vlary, unmarried and living in Salunga. Pa. : 
John, a fanner on the old homestead in Rapho 

The paternal grandfather of Christian Erisman 
■was Abraham Erisman : he was a farmer, and spent 
his life in Lancaster countv. The maternal grand- 
parents were Christ, and 3.tary (Hackmani .Metz, 
farming people of Lancaster county. Christ. Metz 
was a son of Ludwig 3.[etz, who was born in Ger- 
many; coming later to America, in 1771 he built a 
stone house on a farm in Rapho township, where 
he spent his last years. 

Christian Erisman was married March 17, 1S40, 
in Lancaster, Pa., to Catherine Hostetter, by whom 
he had the following children : Susan, unmarried, 
•and living with her parents : Elizabeth. H., wlio mar- 
ried Joseph Kraybiii, a farmer in Clay township: 
Metz J., a commission merchant in Philadelphia : 
Sarah A., who died unmarried: Albert, deceased, 
-who married Lovina Stehman ; Mary, who married 
Benjamin ]\Iiller, and lives in A'asonviiie, Pa. : 
Elenora, who died young: Amelia G., who married 
Eli Baumberger. of ^Nlanhcim, Pennsylvania. 

Mrs. Catherine (Hostetter) Erisman was born 
in Warwick township. Lancaster countv, April 27, 
1818, a daughter of the Rev. Jacob and Elizabeth 
(Miller) Hostetter. Her father v,-as born in Penn 
township, and her mother in East Hempfield. Both 
died on the old farm in Penn township, near Man- 
heim. They were members of the Mennonite 
Church, of which he was a distinguished preacher 
for more than fifty-eight years, being a bi^h.op of 
that church for thirty-four years. He died April 
6, 1861, at the age of ninety years, seven months, 
and twenty-three days. His widow survived until 
1868, when she too passed away, at the as:e of 
ninety-one years, three months and three davs. 
Their remains rest in a private burying ground on 
their old homestead. 

Born to the Rev. Jacob and Elizabeth Hostet- 
ter were the following children : John ; ^larv. who 
lived to be seventy years old : Anna, the wife of 
Christ. Wissler: Susan, the wife of John Shairer: 
and Martha, the wife of John Stufi'er, all five of 
whom are dead : Barbara, who married Joseph Her- 
shey : Jacob, deceased : Catherine, noted above : Fan- 
ny, the late wife of David Hershey ; David, de- 

Christian Erisman remair^cd witii j'arcnts 

' until his marriage, when he located for himself in 

i Rapho township, where he carried on the buying 

i and selling of stock in connection with his farming 

: operations until 1882. That year he retired, and is. 

I now enjoying the fruits of an industrious and well- 

': spent life. lie removed home to Sporting liill,. 

' where he has formed many pleasant associations, 

I and is passing his last days in the serene enjoyment 

i of the privileges and pleasures that should attend 

I a well ripened life. At one time he was super- 

I visor, and for six years acted as school director. 

1 He is a member of the Mennonite Church, and his 

I life is honest and open to all the world. Politicallv 

I he is a Republican, and is exceedingly well informed 

on all the current issues of the day. 

I JOHN CONRAD, the genial and popular pro- 
[ prietor of the Union Hotel, is one of the well-knowit 
I and highly regarded citizens of Providence town- 
I ship. He was born Oct. 9, 1833, in Pcquea town- 
I ship, son of Daniel and Alary (Erisman) Conrad^ 
' Daniel Conrad was born in 1791, and came to 
I America from Gerniany. He followed the black- 
; smith business through life and died in 1857. In 
I his political convictions he was a staunch Democrat. 
I His religious connection was with the Gennrui Re- 
j formed Church. He married Mary Erisman, who 
I v%as born in 1708 and died Dec. 30, 1883, and they 
! had a family of eleven cliildren, as follows: Ben- 
I jamin, deceased; Jacob, who resides in Refton, Pa.; 
I Susan, who married Benjamin Yordy ; Mary, who 
i married Reuben Phautz : I'arliara, Daniel and 
I George, all deceased; John; Henry, who resides in 
I New Danville, Pa. ; Elizabeth, who married Jacob 
j D. Landis; and Martha, who is the widow of John, 
I iNlohn. 

j John Conrad grew up on the home farm znd 
I attended the common schools of his district. Pie 
i followed fanning until 1865, when he became a 
j member of Co. D, 195th P. V. I., and served as a 
' faithful soldier through the Virginia campaign in 
the Ch il war, being mustered cut of the service in 
1S66. He has long been prominently identified with 
, Democratic politics, and was made the first postnias- 
i ter of New Danville, in 1857, under President James 
i Buchanan. 

i On Jan. 14. 1858. r\Ir. Conrad was married to 
i ?iliss Alary Brcniieman, born Oct. 6, 1837, daughter 
■ of Christian and Catherine (AIcFalls) Brenncman. 
1 of Providence township. This family is one of 
i prominence in the county and more extended men- 
tion of it will be found in another part of this vol- 
; ume. A family of eleven children has been born to 
Air. and l\Irs. Conrad, viz.: Catherine P., born 
1 Feb. 14, 1859, who marricfl Simon (Jochenaur and 
I lias two children, Jenny and Mary: Mary E., born 
I March 24. iSor, who married Jefrerson Groff, of 
I Providence township, ancl has two children, Charles 
j and Walter: Christian F., born May 12, 1862, whr> 
I died March 20. 1877: Naomi J., born Sept. 30. 1864, 
' the wife of Joseph Long, of Providence t<nvnsiiip. 



11(1 the mother of two children, John and Carrie ; 
; F., born Jan. 3, 1867, who married Anna Engie 

,nd had one son, John, now deceased; Susan, born 
; larch 9, 1S69, who is the wife of Robert Heisler 
,.nd has a daughter, Clara ; Abraham B., born ilay 
j;, 1871, a soldier in the Ph.ilippine Islands, married 
t(". Barbara Seaman, of Nebraska ; Maggie B.. born 
I'eb. 13, 1873, who married ^Valtcr Evans and has 
n-,e children, Oscar, Augusta, Estella. Mary and 
Clem.entine ; Emma L., born Jan. 22, 1S75. nho is 
the wife of Aldus Book, of Drumore township and 
has had three children, Lawrence (deceased), -Mary 
and John ; Estella, born Dec. 4, 1876, who is the wife 
01 George Lynes, of Drumore townsiiip and trie 
mother of two children, Anna iMary and Grace: and 
Charles W., born Sept. 9, 187S, who married Mazie 
Reinhart and has had two children. Lawrence \V. 
( deceased) and Dorothy. Jenny Gochenaur. the 
daughter of Catherine P., married Ira Book and has 
one child, Eess}', the great-grandchild of our sub- 

Although in hii early career ^Ir. Conrad was 
hampered to some extent by limited means, his en- 
ergy and industry surmounted adverse circum- 
stances, and he and his capable and estimable wife 
can now enjoy every comfort in their advancing 
years. Pie has been able to rear a large family and 
give them iiroper advantages, and he also has ac- 
cumulatcil uuich more than a comrietency, owns a 
fine farm in Providence tO\vn.ship and a jiaviiig hotel 
in the village of Union. He is known as a man of 
reliability and is considered one of ti'e most hon- 
orable citizens of the township. 

AARON WTTMPR, for forty years a veterin- 
ary surgeon of Lancaster county, was one of the old 
and respected residents of West Lampeter township, 
where he owned a fine farm of scventv-six acres, 
this bein.g a part of the estate added by his father to 
the old homestead. 

Aaron Witmer was born April 13. 1832, on the 
old home land and attended the public schools, but 
early in life manifested an interest in tiie prooer 
rearing and care of stock, particularly horses, antl. in 
order to fit himself with sufficient knowledge to 
make his own animals remain in the best condition, 
he began the scientific study of the horse. This re- 
sulted in an accurate knowledge that was increased 
and encouraged by a course of two years" readiny 
under Dr. C. N. Shaub. when he was so proficient 
that he was made a life member of the X'eterinary 
Association at Philadelphia. 

Although Aaron \\ itmcr contiTuied to farm, his 
time soon became so filled with demands for the prac- 
tice of his profession that he could not confine him- 
self to agricultural pursuits, for all through Lan- 
caster county, and into farther counties, he lias been 
called upon in a professional way. At present his 
son, who read and studied under his supervision, has 
succeeded to the profession. There is no doubt 
but that every stockraiser should have a general 

I knov.dedge of the veterinary art, but to master it re- 
I quires quite as assiduous ^tudy as does the science of 
i medicine. 

I In 1S54 Aaron Witmer was married to }.Iary 

I Herr, a daughter of Abraham Herr, of Pequea town- 
j sb.ip, who was born there Dec. 19. 1831 : and to this 
i union three children v,-ere born : Frank E., born July 
i 27, 1S55. a farmer of West Lam.peter township, liv- 
I ing on a part of the father's old home, who married 
I r\Iary .\nn Herr. a daucriiter of Joseph Herr, and had 
I five children, Ida, Jacob, Elmer, Frank and Esther; 
: Abraham H., born June 10, 1S37, a farmer, gardener 
i and fiorist, residing on the adjoining farm, v.-ho mar- 
i rJed Z\Iary A. Bachnian, a daughter of Eli Bachman. 
i of Lampeter, and has three sons, Eli. John and 
George: ami J. Eiam. born May 25. 1S59, a farmer 
and veterinary surgeon of this township, who mar- 
ried Lizzie Bacluiian, a daughter of Eli Bachman, 
and had three ciiiidren, Ross, Willis and Mary. 

Aaron Witmer died Nov. 15. 1900. The family 
is prominently connected with the Alennonite 
! Church, and all are well knovi.-n through the town- 
i ship as honorable and esteemed citizens. 

I ABRAHAM B. SNAVELY (deceased) was 
I during his active years one of the leading farmers 
j of Pequea township, promiinent and active in public 
I affairs, and useful in tlie community as a neighbor, 
I citizen and friend. 

I Mr. Snavely v.-as born in December, 1S23, near 
V.'heatland Mil!,-, Lampeter townsiiip, a son of 
Abraham B. and Elizabeth (Buckwalter) Snavely; 
the father was born in 1787. in what is now Pequea 
(then Conestoga) townslup, and the mother in 1789. 
They were {)lairi, unassuming country people, en- 
gaged in farming during the greater part of their 
lives, and identified with the New or Reformed !Men- 
nonite Church, in which taith they reared tlieir chil- 
dren. The father was a minister in that denomina- 
tion. They were married in i8o<'j, and the union 
was blessed with children as follows : Annie, Z\Irs. 
\\"eaver : Benjan::n, v.dio also married: .-\braham B., 
"\\ ho is referred 10 more fully fartlier on : ^^lartha, un- 
married, and now deceased : and Fannie, who mar- 
ried. The father of this family died in 1866. and 
the mother passed away the previous year. » 

Abrahatn B. Snavely was reared on his father's 
farm, passing his youth until he was twenty years of 
ago alternately i^etween work on the farm and at- 
tendance in winter at the neighborhood district 
school : under the direction of his father he became 
thoroughly acquainted with, general farming opera- 
tions. Pie remained at home until 1866, in wiiich 
year he became the owner of the farm in Pequea 
township, upon which he lived for the next twenty- 
six or seven years, until his removal to New Dan- 
ville, in 1893. Upon that farm were achieved tlie 
triumphs and successes of his life, and it was the 
scene of his toils and labors, his joys and his sor- 
rows, in all of which his faithful helpmeet shared. 
• That farm, the old homestead, is a fine property, 



very desirable in ii'.any respects : upon it are good ] 
and substanUal buildings and other improvements, j 
while its tields are fertile and productive, and irom 
them ^Ir. Suavely for only a little less tlian fifty 
}ear5 derived a gi^od income, en^^'aging' in general 
farming and stock raising. From the spring of 
1S93 until his decease Mr. Snavely lived in retire- 
ment at New Danville, he and his wife passing life's 
evening in a comfortable iiomc, in the enjoyment of 
plent'. . Tiuy united with the Reformed 2^Iennon- 
ite Church April 22. 1900. 'Mr. Snavely attained 
the age of almost four score, dying Nov. 20, 1901. 

Mr. SnavoK-'s political affiliations were with the 
Republican partv, to which he was tnost loyal. On 
four different occasions he was sent as a delegate 
to count} conventions ; he was active in party attairs 
and for three terms served as judge of elections, 
al«o the same ler.gth of time as insix-ctor of elections ; 
he served one term as school director and three 
terms as township assessor. In all these varied po- 
sitions he v,-as faithful and honorable, atid his reputa- 
tion as a public man was above reproach. 

In December, iS5(), Mr. Snavely married Cath- 
erine Rohr 'r, a native of this county, and to themi 
■were born two chihlren, Rohrer and ."^toner. 

BYRON GRLS\\'OLD DODGE is a representa- 
tive business man and citizen of Lancaster, where he 
is head of tlie .Vrmstrong Cork '\\'ork?, and sole own- 
er of the Safet\- r>ug,g\- Works. 

Mr. Dodge s first ancestors in this comnrv were 
two brothers who landed at Old Salem, ^.Iass., in 
1629, both ijcing gentleman of leisure and large for- 
tune. His grandfather, John Dodge, was born in 
Claremont. N. H. His father. George \V. Dodge, 
was a cork manufacturer, and in company with his 
son, Byron G.. established large works in Lancaster, 
The father died in March, 1890, He married Miss 
Deborah E. GriswoW, of Berlin, N. Y.. and to this 
union came two children : Ella J., wife of Rev, 
Henry G. Appenzeler, of the i\L E. Church, now a 
missionary in Corca ; and Byron G., of Lancaster. 

Byron Grisv.'old Dodge was born in Berlin, N. 
Y., .Sept. 16, 185 1, a!id was educated there in the pub- 
lic scliools, closing his studies at a boarding school 
in \"ermont, a preparatory school for ^^'illiams Col- 
lege. After leaving school he worked on a farm 
until nineteen, when he learned the machinist's trade 
at Westerly, R. L, in. a printing-press factory. He 
then went into the cork business with his father, at 
Berlin, and. came to Lancaster in August, 1S76. 
Their works were first located on Fulton street, the 
present site of Rose Brothers' umbrella factory, and 
they later built the excellent plant on the Pennsyl- 
vania railroad, near McGraim's Park, which witli the 
Armstrong Cork W'oi'ks docs about tliree-fourths 
of the entire cork business of which it is a syndicate 
part, the Lancaster and the Pittsburg works being 
the two largest in the country. In the Lancaster 
■works six hundred people are employed, and many 
thousand dollars are annually distributed by this in"- 

stitution through the various channels of trade ii 
Lancaster. The Safet_\- Buggy Works, which Ijeloiig 
entirely to 2\Ir. Dodge, rank among the niost ex- 
tensi\-e industries of the place, employing some 153 
men. Besides his interests in the foregoing, }iir. 
Dodge is president of the International Cream Sep- 
arator Co., at Grant and Christian streets, a con- 
cern of rapidly increasing strength. 

Zdr. Dodge married Aliss Anna Smart, daugh- 
ter of Cant. Ehsha Smart, wdio was killed while 
leading his company in an engagement of the Ci\il 
war; his regiment was formed at North Adams, 
?^Iass. Four cliiklren were born of this marriage: 
Leon G., now superintendent of his father's Safety 
Buggy Works: Miss Anna, at home; George, who 
graduated from the State College in June, 1901 ; 
and Artlmr, attending Cornell University, class of 
1904. Mr. Dodge is a member of the First AI. E. 
Church. He lives in an elegant home near the cor- 
ner of North Dnke and Frederick streets, and his 
stable contains a string of thoroughbred horses, in 
which he finds one of his chief recreations. The en- 
tire family are lovers of horseflesh, and all have their 
especial eqn.ine pets. Mr. Dodge is a liberal, pro- 
gressive and intelligent man of affairs, i\hose in- 
fluence for good is often felt in Lancaster. 

EMANUEL R. SHIRK belongs to one of the 
old and respected families of Laiicaster county. 

Emanuel H. Shirk, his father, was born in West 
Cocalico to'ivn-^hip Jan. )6, i.Sii. He \'.-as a farmer 
and gave his entire attention to agriculture until his 
death, which occurred in 1873. In politics he v\as 
a staunch ReDubiic:m and a %-cry active member in 
the ranks of his part}-, v.'nich he represented in many 
State and county conventions. Religiously he was 
a member of the German Baptist Church. He mar- 
ried Miss Catherine Royer, and they were th.e par- 
eiUs of ten children : Fianna, wife of Hiram Bol- 
linger ; Emaiiuel R. ; Hiram, a farmer of Indiana; 
Salinda, wife of John Hagey ; Lavina, wife of ]')avid 
Butzer : John, of Ephrata; Catherine, wife of Addi- 
son Longenecker; Leali, wife of Albert r\[umma: 
Edward, a cigar maker: and Etnentize, who died 
in childhood. 

Emanuel R. Shirk was born }.Iay 2S, 183S, on 
the same farm vdiere his father first saw the light, 
in West Cocalico tov.mship. He lived at home with 
his parents until he was twenty-three years of age, 
and during his earlier years attended the common 
schools. He began farming for himself on the old 
homestead, where he remained four years, and thence 
moved to Schoeneck, for three years, during which 
tim.e he followed droving. His next removal was to 
Warwick township, where he commenced farming 
again, and he has continued it to the present t!me. 
meeting with substantial success. ]\Ir. .Shirk is one 
of the enterprismg farmers of his locality, and one 
of its most public-spirited citizens. Pie has served 
his fellow townsmen faithfully in various offic.'S,. 
having been supervisor, assessor and for twelve 



■ .-irs member of the school board. In 1895 he \vas 

■ ::M.n inspector, and held that olifice for six years. 
:i [K'iitics he ha.s always been an active member of 

;.ic Republican party. 

.Mr. Shirk married fr^r his first wife Mi.-s Sarah 

.I'chcr, and to this imion were born tive children : 
y.nnie, who died unmarried; .'Mary, wife of.Sam.- 
• , i Zwaily : Emma, wife of Franklin Leekin^r : Katie, 
V. ifc of William Cuning-ham : and Sarah, wife of 

■iiii Wolf.-kill. The mother of the above named 
^l;;l.lren died June 26, 1875, and I\Ir. Shirk later mar- 
r.c i -Miss Elizabeth Hefiley. who died Oct. 19, 1S99. 

JACOB R. WIT?.tER. Lookinsr backward to 
•i'c ^-ear 1716, the fraiiilv records of the fam- 
'•.■ tell of one Benjamin Witmer. who, in company 
■;■, iih his son. Abraham, left Switzerland with the in- 
i.'.ition of founding a r,e\v home in the United States. 
Ihs final location was made in Lancaster county, 
where purchased lands which have never 
passed cut of the possession of the W'itmer family, 
hi 1739 both Benjamin and his son were naturalized, 
so that their descendants are not Swiss, but repre- 
sent a portion of the best American citizens of the 
State of Pennsylvania. 

In 1719 there was another son born to Benjamin 
'A'itmer, named John. This John married Frances 
Roland and reared a family of seven cliildren : An- 
na, wife of John Kendig; John, who married r\Iary 
Harmen ; Henry, who married Fanny Musser ; 
David, married to Estlier Kendig; Benjamin, who 
married Anna Brubaker ; Abraham, married to ^loUv 
Hcrr; and Daniel, married to Anna Newcomer. 
Abraham, the fifth sen of this family, in 170S built 
a stone bridge across the Conestoga creek, about one 
mile east of Lancaster, called Vv'itmer's bridge, 
v.hich is in good condition at the present day. 

The lands purchased by Abraham, son of the 
original Benjamin, descended by will at his death, 
;n 1783, to his nephew, Benjamin \\'itmer. This 
nephew Benjamin had two children; Elizabeth, 
married to John Buckwalter ; and Benjamin, who 
married Esther Buckwalter. and inherited liis fa- 
ther's farm in 1822. Benjamin and Esther ( Buck- 
waiter) Witmer reared these children; Nancy, 
Mho married Abram Buchwalter ; Polly, who mar- 
ried Abram Landis ; David ; Elizabeth, who inar- 
ried Abram Huntzberger ; Lydia, who married Ja- 
'■■'■'b Brubaker; and Benjamin, Esq. All of these lie 
buried in the old Alellinger graveyard, and all of 
them through life consistently lived up to the Old 
Mcnnonite faith. 

David Witmer was born in 1800, and until the 
lime of his death, in 1875, devoted his life to agri- 
^.'lil'iural pursuits. .\t the age of thirty-three lie was 
ordained a minister in the Old Alennonite Church 
■"'Hd he faithfully performed the duties attaching to 
•'le Mellinger and Stumptown stations. The Wit- 
nier lands, now owned by his son, were purciiased 
^y D.avid, at an appraisement made by his brothers 
3nd sisters, although lie had but little rcadv money. 

and the assumed debt occasioned, at the time, coti- 
siderable anxiety. His character was of such ex- 
cellence, and he was so beloved by his congregations 
that aid was immediately tendered him. in order to 
clear the debt, but these kind otters were declined, 
and he labored harder on the land, and not only 
cleared it off. but at the time of his death left an es'- 
tate' valued ar 840,000. 

David \\'itmer m.arried Annie Rutt, who was 
born in 179S and died in 1867, having been the de- 
voted mother of nine children : Elizabeth, who died 
at the age of si^:ty-nine years, unmarried; Abram, 
who lives retired at .\iountviile and married Mary 
Kendig. deceased : Esther ; Annie, the widow of 
Christian Kendig; David; Jacob R. ; Barbara, who 
married Christian Frev. of Lancaster; ilary, de- 
ceased, who married Emanuel Herr; and Benjamin, 
deceased, who married Alary Kreidcr. 

Jacob R. Witmer was horn Feb. 19, 1833. *-"■'" 
the farm which he now occupies. His education 
was received in the common schools of his district 
and his life has been passed in farming, his tastes 
lying in this direction. Immediately after mar- 
riage he took charge of the farm of his father-in- 
law, as manager, and profitably operated it until 
1S67, when he bought his present home of the other 
heirs. These lands are known through the town- 
ship as very desirable, and the improvements made 
by the present occupant have been of ti:e most sub- 
stantial character. 

The marriage of Jacob R. Witiner occurred on 
Dec. 2, 1856, when he was united to Esther Ranck. 
a daughter of Samuel Ranck, a well-known miller 
of the locality. Tiie children born to .Mr. and Mrs 
Witmer are: Samuel, deceased, who married An- 
nie Groff and was th.e father of two children, Jacob 
G. and Amelia, who make their- home with th.eir 
beloved grandfather; Annie, who died at the early 
age of nineteen ; Susan, at home ; and Aaron, who 
married Ida Eby. superintends the home farm and 
has two children. Enos antl Ada. 

No family possesses the esteem of the coir.munity 
in a higher degree than does the Witmer famiiV 
of East La.mpeter township, and none are m.ore val- 
ued as consistent members of the Old IMennonite 

WILLIAM DAGUE. One of the em.phaticaily 
self-made retired farmers of Salisbury tov/nship, 
Lancaster county. Pa., is William Dague, who was 
born Sept. 18. 1830, near Cains post-office, in Salis- 
bury township, and has there passed his life in the 
pursuit of agxictilture with unvarying and marked 

His parents. David and Margaret (Ranck) 
Dague, were natives of Salisbury and Conestoga 
Valley, respectively, were agricultural people, and 
descended from a Ions: line of farmers wiio had lived 
in the Keystone State for several generations. David 
Dague was a son of Andrew and Annie (Good) Da- 
gue. and liis \«/e was a daughter of Peter and Alar- 



garet (Eckholtz) Raiick. David Dague and his 
wife had eight children, viz.: William: Alargaret 
A., widow of Jolin Glendcnning, and a resident of 
Philadelphia ; JNiarv E., wife of Lorenzo Hackett, of 
Chester county ; Lydia S., married to W . W. Lind- 
ville, a farmer of Salisbury township : David R., who 
died young: Catherine O., wife of Evan Bustler, a 
fanner in East Earl township ; Susan R., deceased 
wife of John i\f. Schultz; and Peter A., a farmer at 
McGovernville, Pa. David Dague. the father of 
this family, was an extensive drover as well as farm- 
er, and was well known in the former capacity 
throughout the country districts of Lancaster and 
adjoining counties. He lost his v/ifc in 1S78. when 
she was seventy-two years of age. She died in the 
faith of the Lutheran Church, and her remains were 
interred in the Pequea Church cemetery. David 
Dague died in 1 88 1. 

William Dague early started cut to make his 
way in the workl. He was but fourteen years of age 
when, much against the wishes of his parents, he be- 
gan to work for the farmers of his neigiihorhood ; 
he was of an independent spirit, and was desirous 
of earning something he could call his own and do 
with as he pleased. He was industrious, persistent 
and indefatigable, and soon won the a; 'probation, 
encouragement and admiration of the fanners round 
about him and was never at a loss for employment 
at remunerative wages. He thus worked as a farm 
hand for eight 3ears, then teamed for a year, and 
then, through his frugality and iiulustry having 
saved some funds, rented and stocked land for seven 
years. At the end of this period he found himself 
prepared for embarking more extensively in agri- 
culture, and he purchased a forty-tive-acre farm in 
Salisbury township, to which he afterward arlded an 
eighty-acre tract along the foot hills. 

In March, 1S52, ]\lr. Dague married Miss Su- 
sanna \\'arner, who was i)orn in Salisbury town- 
ship in i\Iay, 1S33, daughter of David and Susanna 
(■Garber) Warner, the former of whom was a farmer 
and died in iS6r. when seventy-seven vears old: the 
latter died in 1S64, at the same age. and their re- 
mains were interretl in tlie Old ilennonite cemetery 
at Salisbury. They had six children, as follows : 
John, Jacob. Isaac, Eliza, Susanna (^Irs. Dague) 
and David, all now deceased. David and Eliza died 
unm.arried. William and Susanna (Warner) Da- 
gue had children as follows : Anna 2^1.. who is 
married to Coleman Kurtz, a farmer of Salisbury 
township ; George N., a farmer of Salisbury town- 
-ship, and married to Mary ilast: Ella, wife of Dil- 
ler Hoover, who is a farmer in Salisbury township ; 
and Isaac W., who is married to Lillie Grist, and 
with his wife lives on the old homestead with his 
father. Mrs. Susanna (Warner) Dague was called 
from earth in March, 1894, deeply mourned by her 
husband and children. Sl'.c was a devout Presby- 
terian and her remains were interred in the Pequea 
Church cemetery. 

In 1S90, having acquired a competency, through- 

s I his persevering mdustry, skillful management and 
unaided personal ettorts. Mr. Dague retired from 
the activities of lite and sought the well-deserved 
rest he is now enjoying, surrounded by many warm- 
hearted friends and genial companions, as well as 
by his loving children who live in close proximity. 
Mr. Dague is a consistent member of the Presbv- 
terian Church, to which he is a liberal contributor, 
and he is an ardent friend of free education, having 
served six years as a school director. He then re- 
signed, feeling that he liad fullv done his duty in 
that direction. In .politics he is a Republican, but never b.?en am.bitious for holding omce. preferr- 
ing that others should shoulder the responsibilities 
and share in the vainglorious honors attached to of- 
ficial position. Nevertheless, yir. Dague is a very 
public-spirited citizen and at all times ready to aid 
financially such measures as will redound to the pub- 
lic welfare and comfort in the way of public improve- 
ments. His walk through life has been such a-j to 
win the approbation of his fellow citizens, and too 
much credit cannot be awarded him for the upright 
and useful course he has so un5\vervin:;:lv foiluv.-ed. 

DAVID L. PAULF^S. a retired farmer, was born 
in East Donegal township, Lancaster county, Dec. 
i T2, 1S.32, son of John and Catherine (Leber; Paules, 
natives of Vork crmnry, in this State. 

John Paules was a cooper b\ trade. In 1816 he 
came to Marietta, where he resided three years and 
then removed to East Donegal township, where he 
engaged in tobacco grov.'ing in conjunction with 
coopering. He was a member of tlie Reformed 
Church, and quite ])rominent as a citizen, serving 
as supervisor of his townsliip several years, and aiso 
at dilferent times holding various minor offices. His 
wife passed away in 1S82, when eighty-two years 
old, and his own death took place in December. 18S7, 
at the advanced age of ninety-four years, eleven 
months, one day : the remains of both v>-ere interred 
in the ^Marietta cemetery. To John Paules and his 
wife were born ten children, nam^ely : Elizabeth, 
wife of George Ebbert : Henry, who died after mar- 
riage ; Sarah, widow of Simon F. Albright, a black- 
smith of Maytown, Pa. ; Jacob, who was drowned 
when young, in the Susquehanna river: John, w*o 
died voung: George, deceased; jdary J., who died 
in 1900, the wife of John Herchelroth : Franklin, 
who died in East Donegal township 111 January, 
1896; John, a tobacco fanner in Cumberland county; 
and David L.. of East Donesral tov.-nship. The 
paternal grandfather of these cliildren was Michael 
Paules. a farmer of York county, and the maternal 
grandfather was Jacob Leber, a native of Germany. 

David L. Paules attended school and v.orked on 
the home farm until twenty-one years old. and ?t 
twenty-two entered a cooper shop, wltere he worked 
for some years during the winter season, fn tue 
meantime he rented fp.rniS. at one time leasing one 
of 250 acres, and cultivattd land until 1897, when he 
retired, altliough he still does a little tobacco rais- 




• ri'^ and vegetable growing near the borough of I 

Marietta. i 

ilr. Panics was united in marriage in Maytown, i 

!"i;b. 28, 1852, with Ivliss Anna Eliza Kurabaugh, | 

.nd to this unicn the following cb.ikU-en have been i 

•■urn: J- Lizzie, wife of George S. Eauchman, clerk i 

;. r the Hazelton Iron & Coal Company; Ada M. | 

and Sarah A., at home ; Harry P., v,-ho married Ore | 

Ilo:ise?al and lives in ?\[arietta; Elmer E., v>-ho mar- j 

rii'd ^.fatilda A. Gradv and also resides in ^Marietta, ! 

tcuraged in the livery business : Dr. William R., now i 

. f Danville, Pa., who married Florence Piefifer ; John i 

L., a druggist in Homestead, Pa., married to Ida ! 

I'.ertheisel ; and David L., unm.arried. who carries i 

f^n a livery business in ]\Iarietta and lives with his I 

;_arerits. ! 

.Mrs. Anna E. (Rumbaugh) Panics is a native j 

of Xewviile, Lancaster county, born May 9, 1832, i 

(laughter of John and Elizabeth (Davis) Rumbaugh,' j 

the former of whom ^v•as born in Perry county, Pa., j 

and the latter on the Atlantic ocean, when her par- | 

i-nts were on the voyage from Ireland to America, t 

They were married in ]\Iaytown, Pa., where John I 

Rumbaugh carricil on his trade of wheelwright. He | 

was assessor of East Donegal township and was hon- j 
cred with other positions of trust. His wife died in 
Maytown in 1863, aged tifty-eight years and four- 
teen days, and ]\lr. Kumbaugh's death took place at 
tiie home of his son-iu-law, Da.vid L. Pauies, June 
2S, 1S88, at tlie age of seventy-nine years. P.oth 
were members of the LiUheran Church. Of the four 
i-hildren born to Mr. and Airs. Rumbaugh Anna E., 
Mrs. D. L. Pauies, is the eldest; Mary J. is the 
\ ■idow of H. S. Piook ; .\manda L. is the wife of 
^olon V. Landis, a retired farmer ; and Benjamin 
v.. the youngest, a carpenter, died in 18S7. The 

survivors live in Maytown. John Rumbaugh, the ] 

paternal grandfather of ]Mrs. Pauies, was a native | 

<'f Germany, was a farmer and an early settler of | 

I'erry county, Pa. Her maternal grandparents, ! 

Michael and Bridget Davis, came from Ireland to | 

America in 180; and settled in Maytown, Pa.; he i 

■>vas a plasterer bv trade. j 

In politics Mr. Pauies is a Republican, and he | 

'las served his fellow townsmen as school director I 

June consecutive years. He and his family are mem- | 

'•crs of the Lutheran Church, and socially they min- ' 

vie with the best people of the township. Mr. | 

1 aules has been a remarkably successful farmer, has I 

■•cquired a competence and is now enjoying at his i 

t'lse the fruits of his early industry. i 

HEXRY LE.A.AL\N, of Strasburg township, is | 

"nc of th.e representative men of Lancaster county, j 

■iiul belongs to one of the old and esteemed families, | 

'rtliich established itself here through grandfather j 

■Abraham Leatnan. who was a prominent farmer of j 

"> day. He married IMary Bowman, bv whom he I 

li'i'l one son. Beuianiin. who was born Mav 26. 17S7. | 

^'I'l (lied June 2. T857. ' I 

ijenjaniin Leaman adopted farming as his pro- I 

fession, made his home in East Lampeter township 
and there became the owner of a large acreage of 
land, one farm comprising no acres, and an adjoin- 
ing one seventy-rive acres, both of which he operated 
himself, at one tsm.e. .As time passed on and his 
family grew up around him, he purchased a farm for 
each son, ail of these lyir.g in East Lampeter and 
Peacock townships. His friends through the com- 
munity v.-ere many, and such v.-a.s the conhdence 
v,-hicii they placed m him that all his spare time was 
occupied in the settlement of estates and caring for 
those wdio were placed in his charge as wards. 

On "\l?.v 19, 1807. blenjamin Leaman married as 
his first wife Catherine Cryder. born March 15. 
1789, who died Dec. 30, 183S, the children born to! 
this union being: .Abraham, born in i^oS. died in 
1839. a farmer, who had married Barbara Bnckwal- 
ter; John, born in i8to. died in 1882, a farmer in 
Leacock township, who married two sisters by tlie 
name of Landis ; Earliara. who died in infancy : Ben- 
jamin, born in 1813.. died in 1891, a farmer 
of Leacock tov.nship; Susannah, born in 1815, the 
wife of Jacob Ranck, of Strasburg tcAviisidp '; To- 
tiias. born in 1817, died in 1859, a farmer of East 
Lamipeter township; Jacob, born in i8iri. died in 
1889, a farmer of Leacock township ; Henry, born in 
1S22. vvdio resides in Strasburg townsliip ; Isaac, 
born in i8?4. a farmer of East Lampeter ; Joseph, 
born in 1828, died in iS^.j. a farmer of East Lam- 
peter : the last of this large family beine an infant 
son, born in 1830. who died early. The second mar- 
riage of Benjamin Leaman was on Sept. 6, 1842, to 
Airs. Elizabeth ( Heller) Rohrer, a widow. The 
]:(arents were members of the Old Alennonite criiurch 
and the children adhered to the same faith. 

Henry Leaman was reared on the farm, in East 
Lampeter tONvnship, and received his education in the 
public schools of his district. On Dec. 3, 1844, he 
was married' to Sarah Buckwalter, a daughter of 
Martin and Xancy (Lefever) Buckwalter. who was 
born Feb. 5, 1823. After marriage the voung 
couple located on a farm m Strasburg townsliip and 
two years later ptirchased a farm of 102 acres near 
Refton. which Mr. Leaman operated from 184.7 "t^tiJ 
he retired from the cares of active life. At that 
time he erected a comfortable home in Refton, re- 
maining there until 1802, when he removed to his 
present home, which is located one-half mdle north- 
east of Strasburg and contains sixty acres, one of 
the best improved places in the county, and now 
managed b>' his son. Reuben. 

Henry Leaman has been one of the successful 
agriculturists of the county and has always been 
known as an upright, honorable man. worthy of the 
confidence and respect which he receives, and a con- 
sistent member of the Old Alennonite Church. The 
children horn to Henry Leaman an(i his wife were; 
Eliza, born m Oct.. 184^, wdio was the wife of Eiias 
Herr. a lime-burner and merchant of Warren county, 
\"a., and who died Dec. o. 1901. aged fifty-six veats, 
leaving five children, Harry, Francis, Addie, .Ran- 



ben and Ira : Susan, boin in January, XS47, who mar- 
ried Peter Esbenshade, of Alanhcim township, and i 
has three children, I'rank, Ehvier and Cora; Emma, 
born in July, 1S4S, who resides with her parents; 
Sarah Ann, born in January, 1R51, who married 
John P. Rolirer, of Strasburg, and had seven chil- 
dren, Lillic, Frank, Emma, John, Charles, Plarry 
and Clair ; Martin, who died young : Henry B., born ' 
in November, 1856, who married Emma Groff, re- 
sides in Paradise township and has two children, 
Ross and Mary; Franklin, horn in November, 1S5S, 
who married Amanda Schaft'er, resides in Sadsbury : 
township and has four children, Roy, Jolm, Clair an(.l ' 
Edna; Mary, born in October, tS6i, who died the ! 
same ^•ear; and Reuben B., lorn Nov. 23, 1S63. v.-ho i 
married Alice Stoner and has four children, Anna, , 
Lizzie, T\Iary and Harry, ilrs. Sarah ( Buckwalter) ; 
Leaman died Sept. 20, 1901, aged seventy-eight 
years. i 

Reuben B. Leaman is a progressive farmer and ! 
successful dairyman of this county, as well as one 
of the most solid and substantial of its citizens. The , 
family is held in the highest respect through the i 
whole township and can justly be regarded as rep- 
resentative. I 

TAMES LAW. who has been for a long time : 
known to the literary world as James D. Law, poet. 
is a native of Scotland, having Ijcen born in Lums- : 
■den village. West Aberdeenshire, on April 5, 
.1865. To distinguish him from an uncle of the i 
same name, for a time Mr. Law adopted the middle ' 
initial D., but in recent years he has gone back to ! 
the original form of his name ; and. while he is still 
known to the business world as James D. Law, his '• 
literary work is often autographed as shown under- 
neath the annexed portrait specially prepared for : 
this work. | 

On his father's side, Mr. Law's ancestors have ; 
been purelv Celtic for countless generations. His 
mother dying before he was a year old, he was left i 
■to the care of his uncle. John Law, an excellent type 
■of the sturdy, well informed and enterprising 
Scotsman, Our poet attended" a "Dame's school" 
for a time, and is perhaps one of the youngest men ' 
living, who learned his letters from "the brods." 1 
He remembers carrying a peat to school every i 
morning, as his daily contribution to the school 
■fire-fund of the village Dominie. In due course he 
passed through the various stages of schooling, 
filling in his Saturdays and holidays "herding kye," 
and at other work on his uncle's small farm, thus 
becoming familiar with all kinds of rural activities. 
A voracious reader, he soon exhausted the little 
public libraries and the more pretentious private 
collections of the district. He served four years as 
a pupil teacher, and at tlie age of eighteen secured 
a position as assistant to the factor of the Durris 
€state, Deeside. Cotinty of Kincardine. Tliere he 
remained tliree years, when he decided to emigrate 
to America. Before sailing he was united in mar- 

riage to ]\!i5s Agnes Dufi', daughter of Robert 
Duff, Esq., of New Noth and Old Noth, on Bogie- 
side. Airs. Law, a lady of high culture and tine 
personal attainments, was a ' successful teacher in 
Scotland, holding a first-class government certiti- 
cate. In }ilay, 1S86, the young couple landed in 
Boston, and at once proceeded to Philadelphia. 
Being without either friends or acquaintances, after 
a rather trying probation I\Ir. Law secured p. 
position as bookkeeper to an oil-cloth manufacturer 
in Camden. N. J., and soon after took up his resi- 
dence there. In iSoo he connected hinisclf ^\•ith 
the J. F. Ponuondo Cigar ^Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of Philadelpliia, having been its first Secre- 
tary and attached to it for a year after the deadi 
of Mr. Portuondo. In October, 1808, he came to 
Lancaster to take charge of the Flavana Cig?.r 
Company and the other Lancaster interests of Mrs. 
A. B. Bloonier, a wealthy and accomplished resident 
of Cincinnati, Ohio, but allied to Lancaster county 
by hereditary relations, her father, Martin Bare, 
Esq., having been born in the Bareville her grand- 
father founded. "\Ir. and Afrs. Law have been 
blessed with seven children, viz.: (r) Duft 
Christie; (j) Nanette I\[argaret (deceased) ; (3) 
Estella Maria: (s) John James f deceased) : (5) 
America Portuondo; (6) Russell Gordon: (7) 
Evelyn .Agries. 

r.Ir. Law's predilection for rhyming and bis 
irrepressible wit and humor were soon a.^serted, 
some of his eltusions appearing in the A.berdeen 
newspapers before he left school ; and even as earlv 
as 1883, in Edward's Fifth Series of "rvfodern 
Scottish Poets," Mr. Law although then only 
eighteen years of age, received a Ic.ngtliy and 
flattering editorial notice, accompanied bv several 
pages clevoted to specimens of his verses. He 
never allows the muse to interfere with business, 
and, to his credit be it said, he has not missed a 
day's work since he first got a foothold in the New 
World. He is a man of the strictest temperate 
habits, not even being a smoker, although for many 
years intimately connected v.-ith the great cigar 
industry. Es.^entiaHv a home man, the only club 
that can claim him is the St. Andrew's Society of 
Philadelphia. .\t the same time, there is nothing 
sour or ascetic in his composition ; no one better 
enjoys a social chat than he docs, and wherever he 
goes ht is a v.^elcome and honored guest in the best 
houses and establishments in the land. In his busi- 
ness trips all over the States, he has cemented by 
personal contact many friendships begun through 
the me<lium of the mails. Perhaps no one in the 
Comn^)p«wea!th has a finer collection of holograph 
letters :'rom modern celebrities, not "purchased with 
a price.,'' as such valued rarities generally are. but 
receive"!' bv Mr. Law himsetf in the orfliriarv course 
of his correspondence. In a h'.irried glance through 
a pattik'l list are noted specin;c2is of Gladstone and 
Lord Rostbcry among statesmen : Wiiittier. 
Holmes. Riley and Austin among poets ; Biackie 





r-jrness among critics: Collyer and IngersoU 
:.,' orators: Allan, iM. P., jostled Brosius, AI. 
;:rc\ver, of the. Supreme Bench, rested beside 
.ir among scientists, while DePeyster and 
■t.^ie among philanthropists "led all the rest." 

;;?.ve come so intimaceiy in touch with such men 

; ■:it and leading is in itself no mean tribute to 
r. Law's ability and versatility. A lover of books 

•:! earliest years, he has naturally collected 

•.■.■ Iibrarv, which has been enriched by many gifts 
1 admiring friends and fellow-authors. One 

: of the collection, numbering 5,000 volumnes 
. r ir.ore, is made up of books relating exclusively 
;., .Scotland and Scottish literature, which stdl re- 
; ;::!ri5 Mr. Lav.-'s tirst choice. Books, indeed, seem. 
! 1 be in very nook of his beautiful h.onie in East 
( hv street, a well-stocked case in his dining room 
|^-i!ig considered as essential to the welfare and' 
;.:!'>'iiness of the family as the clock upon thi; 
::':intel. Raised in stich an atmosphere, and with 
■ '.:cii surroundings, it is easy to understand w.hy 
.' '.r. Law's children attending school are pronounced 
■■■ their teachers to be "the best ail around scholars'' 
;a their respective departiT:ents. 

}vlr. Law is the author of several books which 
hive been widely circulated and received with tm- 
"juaiiiied approbation by the tirst critics of the age. 
it would take a voluii'e to quotf: ihe press notices 
ivoked from all quarters of the globe on his 
' i )rL-ants O' Hame" and otlier poems, Scottish and 
.Xinerican, published in 1S93 by Gardner, of Paisley 
..:iii London. The very handsome general appear- 
•;nce of the book was the subject of much favorable 
1 ("'inment, and bearing the imprmt of the Queen's 
•iihlisher was in itself a high compliment to an 
American citizen. ]\Ir. Law's latest volum.e, en- 
titled "The Sea-Sliore of Bohemia," is his most 
.'inibitious effort, and deals with some little-known 
'■pisodes in the life of William Shakespeare, special 
•":Ucntion being given to the Scotch friends and 
c>:[.>eriences that unquestionably influenced the 
<jreat Dramatist's life and writings. }-Ir. Law's 
[■oern is in dramatic form, with lyrical interludes, 
•ind historical data can be furnished for all the 
interesting incidents introduced into his brilliant 
Conversations." Says a recent critic: 

"A remarkable fact about Mr. Law's Muse is 
'hat he is at home in every style of the poetic art, 
V'lrnmg out dramas, epics, elegies, odes, lyrics and 
'■itires with equal facility, and excelling in all. He 
■5 complete master of every known form of rhyme 
■■»nd rh_Mhm, and has even invented some new 
;'-ieasures, which is not a small poetic feat at this 
■i!<? day in tlie history of prosody. He personally 
"'S'.ms that he can only write well in Scotch, his 
l^^tive tongue; English, as he says, being a foreign 
■■"incrnage to him : but the truth is that he gains 
"inch of his power from the fact that his harp is a 
'■^vo-keyed instrument. He has, it is plain to be 
"<^?n, a natural gift for v/riting, and we have it 
irom the best authorifv tliat his poems are entirely 

e.xtemporaneous, which may account to a large 
extent for th.e charming spontaneity of his style." 

yiT. Lav,' has been a v/elcome contributor to the 
leading metropolitan journals, and his popularity 
here is, if anything, exceeded by his reputation in 
the Old country. The leading Scottish critics have 
long since admitted that the best Scotch in the 
world is written in America, and 3.1r. Lavvf is con- 
sidered by many to be the foremost poetical 
exponent of the Scottish dialect. Several years ago 
he was awarded the N. A. U. C. A. prize for the 
best original .Scotch poem, the competition being 
open to Canada and the United States. He is also 
a five conversationalist and debater, and is philoso- 
pher enough to ''erstand that a good listener is 
not \inappreciated. All the local nevifspapers have 
had their pages enriched by !Mr. Law's musings. 
one of the most admired of his recent effusions hav- 
ing been the follov,-ing Sonnet on the sudden death 
of the highly honored Congressman, Hon. Marriott 
C. Brosius. We cull it from the A'ezv Era of March 
18, IQOI : 

"Naihe here and to the tJianiier born." 

But yesverday we 5aw and hailed our friend, 

As. full of li;-;. i.e parsed along the street; 

Ere dav^n to-day h'5 heart had ceased to beat. 
So s-.vift'.y did the f:Ltal stroke descend. 
The knei! that nore could fail £0 comprehend. 

The certain summons that we all must meet; 

A.nd now the elory of a hiRher seat 
Succeeds the term that here has reached its end. 

A : in his choien field 
We honored him as our repeated ciioice 
Unul his name was to the nation known; 

And at the last, with al! hi.": worth revealed, 
\VhiIe we lamer.t we also ca.n rejoice 
That brilliant Brosius was our very own! 

We regret that space will not permit us to give 
a better representation of ?klr. Law's poetry, but v,e 
cannot refrain fron'i adding to the value of this 
meager sL-etch by inserting his "Columbia-Cale- 
donia." Titis .Scottish-American song has alreadv 
been accepted on both sides of the Atlantic as a sort 
of International Anthem, beautifullv blending as it 
does the love for the Old Country with the love for 
the New, in an exalted strain of the purest patriot- 


THE LAND WE LEFT— aye, to tis dearl 

We've suns; it lood and lane: 
But hae we nae a country HERE 

.As worthy o' a sang? 
While Scotland's name and Scotland's fame 

Wi' u? can never dee, 
COLUMBIA noo we've made oor hame. 
And praise to her we'll jrie! 

The Mither Ij.nd! The Mither Land! 

Let's cou^'le wi' her name 
The Independent ilher land 
We noo hae made oor hame! 



Sliak' oot the Starry Baniier's fauld, 

And let the Thi-tle wavo ; 
The Rampant Lioi]'-> nae mair Lxiuld 

Than is the Eagle brave ! 
The iand we're in's a peerless land, 

As big as Scotia's \vee ; 
Weel worthy liy her side to stand 
And aye oor hame to be ! 

We'll ne'er forget the Mither Land, 

Nor need a Scot think shame 

To sing with pride the ither land 

We noo hae made oor hatne I . 

The hame we had — the hame we hae! 

O, lang and far ye'll ca' 
Afors ye meet, if e'er ye may. 

VVi' sic anither twa ! 
Auld Caledonia's fir=t and best 

O' lands across the sea ! 
And here's the glory of the West, 
The country o' the free ! 

God's blei5:ng on the Mither Land, 

And a' within the srime, 
And also on the ITHER LAND 
We noo hae made oor Hame ! 

Shortly before his death Col. Robert G. Injer- 
soU wrote to [Mr. La'.v as follows: 

"Your beriutiful poems have sriven me real 
pleasure. They are full of good feclin.s;' — comrade- 
ship. They are genial and social and Jiama,!. 
Besides they are perfectly natural. They come 
from the heart as springs from the ground. Versifi- 
cation is easy for yon mu\ r-nany of the -I'crses are 
worthy of Burns. Tlic comic, the pathetic, smiles 
and tears are side by side,, and in nearly all the 
poems I find the pulse of joyous life. Nothing 
cynical, and nothing morose, nothing of night ; 
appreciation, admiration, morning everywhere. 
Good health in every line — nothing morbid, 
diseased or deformed, all wholesome, natural 
and true. I congratulate you." 

From the eminent Shakespearean scholar, Dr. 
Furness, I\Ir. Law recently received the following 
flattering acknowledgement relating to his poem on 
"Shakespeare's Gloves :" 

"My Dear Mr. Law: — The copy of your delight- 
ful verses duly reached me. and I have read, and re- 
read and re-read them w'n\i ever increasing 
pleasure. They are charming. I think Burns him- 
self would have chuckled over the humor, appreci- 
ated the sentiment and would have been glad to 
acknowledge the lines as his own. Can one hair's 
breadth be added to this towering praise? If it be 
possible, it does not lie in the power of 
"Yours very cordiallv, 


The words of a distinguished Scottish-Ameri- 
can critic we have pleasure in reproducing: 

"We advise Mr. Law to continue to exercise 
his poetic powers. He has accomplished n;uch in 
the past, but he is still a young man, and his 
countrymen both at hom.e and abroad believe that 
he will yet produce som.ething that will send his 
name ringing through all pans of the civilized 
world where the English language is known. The 

Scotch portions of the Globe already k:-!o\y of i;::-. 
and in the words of their leading journals hav; 
rejjeatcdly declared, 'among living Scottish p-c:- 
Islv. Law is unquestionably entitled to a fore:r.:5: 
place.' 3. 1 ay lie never have cause to regret havir.^ 
sung : 

Columbia treats her strangers weel. 

The langer ken.t she grows mair dear, 
And, aft' tlie heath, nae Scot can feel 

So much at hame as here! 

In July, 1902, l^.lv. Law made a long ccr.- 
templaied trip to Europe, wdiere his family had 
preceded him, revisiting his native land after j." 
absence of over sixteen years. He saw evefAi-'fej 
and everybody worth seeing, from the cot to t:-e. 
castle, and from the King to the Commoner, cover- 
ing Scotland and England very, and 
also looking in on Ireland. Wherever he wen: he 
was well received, and made the recipient of nianv 
honors and high compliments. .-Vmidst all v.=t 
found time to share ins pleasures by penning ma;r.- 
delightful ''Letters of Travel" for American pa^jerj. 
and contributed \-arious articles in prose and verse fD 
the Scottish press. He returned to Lancaster :n 
February, 7903. and received a hearty v.-e!ccrre 
from all his friends and acquaintances. He h.-s 
been oi'ncinllv ro(|ucstcd to write the coilegc poen:. 
=ong and cliorus for the Franklin and Marshall 
Golden Jubilee to be celebrated in June. 1903. 

DAVID K. GRUBE, a retired farmer and one 
of tlie most highly respected ami intluential men cf 
East Hempneld township, was horn ^Vpril i, 1S30, 
a son of Christian atirl Rebecca (Kurtz) Grube. 

The founder of the Grube family in America 
Casper, a native of .Switzerland, who located in tl'.e 
\iciriity of Kissel Hill, in Lancaster county, and 
the great-grandfather of David. This worth\- !:::;n 
iiad tuo sons, of whom record has been ke""'':: 
Christian, the grandfather of David, and a f n 
(name unknown} who died at Kissel Hill. Ch.ris- 
tian. tlie grantlfather, a farmer of Neltsville, v,-!--:i 
oivned and ijrierated two fine farms, is supposed to 
have been a member of the Lutlieran Church, and 
lived to the advanced age of eighty-five, his death oc- 
curring in 1S45. His family consisted of fourteen 
child.rcn: George, a farmer, who lived and died i;'. 
Lancaster county ; Christian, father of David : Cas- 
per, a fanner, whose whole life was spent in Lan- 
caster county: David, a farmer and cattle raiser or 
Lancaster county. Sanmel. a butcher, who went '.vest 
to Indiana, wliere he died ; Joseph, also a biuciier. 
v.dio lived and dicil in Lancaster county: John, a 
farmer, who went west to Ohio: Jacob; Sally, wiio 
married Hsnrv Hotenstine : Susan, who was the sec- 
ond wife of Mr. Hotenstine ; Eli<;aneth. who married 
Jacob Sterner; three other daug'nters, names un- 

Qiristian (irubc. the father of David, was brm 
at NetTiville, in March, 1795, and died near 



;,,v.n in iS8o. Early in life iie learned the carpeu- 
!, r trade, wliich he followed for many years, but 
;ibout 1850 he turned his attention to larmirig-. The 
r.'.aiden name of his cstinoijie ■■.vife \V3S Relxjcca 
Uurtz, a daughter of Jolm Kurtz. Her birth oc- 
.-•.irred at -Roseville. Lancaster county, in the fall 
,,;" 1795, and she died in 1867. To her husband she 
iMrc seven children: John, t^rst a carpenter, later 
;• ifUtclier, and a resident of Perry county, Pa. : Ma- 
■j.i.'etta, wife of Reuben Bird, of Nefisxille: Chris- a carpenter, a resident of Lebanon, Pa. ; Ed- 
warci, a cigar ■.nanufacturer, \v:;o is a resident of 
Xerfsville; Lydia; Jacob, a re-iiknt of southern 
Missouri ; and David K. 

David K. Grube spent his boyhood upon liis 
father's farm and received his education in the public 
schools. At the age of eighteen he commenced to 
■earn the trade of a carpenter, and followed it suc- 
cessfully until his marriage, wdien he embarked in 
farming, to wliich he gave his attention, in conjunc- 
tion with burning lime, until he retired, in iSqo. The 
TToperty owned by him, and upon ^■.•hich he resides, 
is a iine one, consisting of ninety-nine acres, one mile 
.-outh of Petersburg, and ti'ion it he lias made many 
desirable improvements. Nearlv aii of the excellent 
buildings were erected by him. and the entire farm 
speaks well for his thrifty management. 

In 1867 David Grube was ;n:iiried to .-\meiia 
Kaufi'man, a daugliter of Christian and Z^lartha 
(.Miller) KaulTman, who was born Oct. 19, 1840, 
iind died Nov. 26, 1894, after iiaving borne her hus- 
band four children : .\Iir,e. \vife of Christian Hoov- 
er; Morris, u.nmarried, who resides in. the West: 
David, unmarried, who operates a portion of his 
lather's farm ; Jacob, at home. 

David K. Grube is a consistent member of the 
German Baptist Churcli, in v.hich he takes a promi- 
nent part, and he is highly respected throughout the 
community for his integrity and honesty. 

JOHN C. FORREY, a retired farmer of West 
Hempfield tov.nship, Lancaster countv. Pa., was 
!'■ rn on his present farm of 125 acres Aag, 30, 1838, 
and is a son of Jacob and .Mary (Cophenherler ) For- 
rcy, of whom Jacob was also born on this farm and 
Mar>^ the township. Jacob was a suc- 
cessful agriculturist and passed his entire life on the 
home place, dying in November, 1S71. when seven- 
ly-one years old ; in 1843 he had lost his wife, who 
I lied when but twenty-li\-e years of age. Thev were 
members of the Afennonite Church, and their mortal 
remains were buried in the private or familv !-)urial 
.ground on the home farm. The only children born 
'0 Jacob and i\[ary Forrev were John C. and Jacob. 

The paternal grandparents of John C. Forrey 
^vere John and Veronica (Seitz) Forrev, the former 
of was also born on the present hoiTie-;tead, 
and the latter in Manor township, but both died on 
the farm. ^Irs. Forrev lived to the great age of 
^03 years, eleven miOntlis, si:<;tcen da>s. The John 
last mentioned was a son of Daniel, who was also 

born on this same West Hempfield fami. and Daniel 
\v.'is a sou of John, the founder of the Forrey fam- 
ily in .\merica, who came from S\'.it2eriand and .se- 
cured the grant of the farm from the William Peiin 
estate in 1746. 

Li November, 187S, in Lancaster City. John C. 
Forrey married .\nna ^loore, and to this union were 
born two children. John I\L and Jacob I\L. both of 
wliom died young and were interred in the family 
Inirying ground on the farm. Tdrs. Anna (.Moore) 
l-'orrev was born in West Hempfield township and 
:~ a daughter of Henry and ]\iary i^Joore, who were 
natives of York county, but wdio settled in Lancaster 
county early in life. 

John C. Forrey has always been a good man- 
r;ger, auvi lias succeeded admirably in all his under- 
takings and Vi-cll deserves his reward for his early 
industrv and economy. He has always been active 
and i)ul)lic-spirited, is a director in the Columbia 
Trust (Company and was one of its first stockholders, 
and has been a school director for six years as the 
choice of tlie Republican party, of which he h,is 
been a lifelong member. He still continues the 
cultivation of the home farm, but hires help to 
lio the -vvork. 

JACOB J. BYERS, a retired of East 
Driunore tov.nship, was born in Fequea township 
L'cc. 13, 1836, Ids parents b'eing John and Cath- 
erine (Johnston) Eyers, both natives of Lancaster 
county, where he was born March 16, 1807, and his 
wife Dec, 9, [815, 

John Byers was the son of Henry and Barbara 
( Crider) Byers, both of wdiom were born in this 
countv, and wdiose parents came from Germany 
about 1730. Henry Byers, the grandfather of Jacob 
]., first settled in Martic township, and different 
members of the Byers family sustained an honored 
part in the Revolutionary struggle. Thev took up a 
tract of government land in Pequea and }dartic town- 
ships, where they lived and reared large families. 
Henrv Bvers and his v.-ife had nine children: Hen- 
IV Bver?. of Ohio ; Jacob, of Lancaster county ; Mich- 
ael, of Indiana ; Daniel, who died in Lancaster ; 
John : Sarah, tlie wife of David Eshleman. of Pequea 
township : Zvlary, the wife of Benjamin Longenecker, 
of Ill'nois ; Nancv, the wife of !\Iichael Crider, of 
Lancaster; and Barbara, who married Christian 
Warfel, of L.ancaster. 

John Byers. noted above, married ^lary John- 
ston in 1833 and settled on the farm of her father, 
Jacob Tohnston, in Pequea township, where he re- 
m.ained until 1848, wdien he moved to his own farm 
m the samic township. Still later he bought a farm 
in Lampeter township, where he died Jan. 5, 1S56, 
bis widow pas.NJng to her reward in ]\Iay, 1877. Both 
him.self and hi? wife were members of the ^^Icnnon- 
ite Church. 'dr. Byers was one of the old line 
Wiiigs, and bcoune a Republican on the organization 
of that party. T!\e>- had a family of eleven chil- 
dren, six of whom are now living: Barbara, 



born in iBj;4, who married Samuel Mi'inie, both de- 
ceased (four of their children are living) ; Hen- 
ry Byers, who died in Lampeter, unmarried ; 
Jacob J., our subject; .Mary A., born in Feb- 
ruary, T840, widow of Peter Sithert. witli three 
children, John, Benjamin and Lizzie; Sarah, born 
in .March, 1S42, who married Henry Barr, of Pe- 
qnea township, and is the mother of six children ; 
?dichael, who died in childhood ; John, who died in 
Sterling, Hi., leaving two children : David, born in 
March, 1S4S, v.'ho married iliss .Marc:aret Hoover, 
and is er.gaged in farming near Sterling, 111., v.'hore 
they have a family of six children; Anna, born in 
September, 1S50, who m.arried John Huber and re- 
sides in Lampeter township, where they have one 
son, Elmer; Benjamin, born July 9, 1S53, a butcher, 
who m.arried Lillie Eshleman and lives in Lampeter 
township, v.'Iiere they "r.ave three children ; Amaziah. 
born Feb. 21. iS^6, who died when a young man. 

Jacob J. Byers was reared to manhood under th.e 
parental roof, and secured his education in the local 
schools. .His father died when" he was eigiiteen 
years old, and he began for himstdf as a hired man 
among the neighboring farn:crs. Ho continued at 
this occupation for five years. For a time he was 
working at the carpenter trade, and then enlisted 
in the Union army, a member of Com- 
pany E, 79th P. V. L, in th.e Western Army, under 
the commanci of General Sherman. In the battles 
of Chattanooga and Perryville he bore iiimself well, 
and was then attached to the Pioneer Corps, with 
which he was connected for eighteen months, fight- 
ing, as well as building pontoon bridges and sharing 
in other dangerous labors. In the fierce and bloody 
battle of Stone River he was a participant, as he 
was in other battles of Sherman's campaigns in the 
fall of 1863, and he fought at Chickamauga. He 
re-enlisted in February, 1864, and remained in tlie 
army until its brilliant achievements becam.e a mat- 
ter of history, and the grand review at Wasliingtcn 
declared to the vrcrld that the war had ended. }dr. 
Byers fought at Buzzard Rno<;t and Kenesaw Moun- 
tain. Three times was he wounded, at Peach Tree 
Creek, Jonesboro and at Benton. Mr. Byers was 
in the hospital in North Carolina, and survived his 
wounds, escaping from the hospital to join his com- 
mand and share the glory of Pennsylvania Avenue 
on tiie second day of the grand review. 

Mr. Byers was married in 1S66 to Miss Lizzie 
Meek, who was born in L.ampeter township in 1843, 
a daughter of John and Elizabeth Meek. Her fa- 
ther is still living on the home of his great-grandfa- 
ther, Nicholas Meek, who vi-as a Revolutionary soi- 

Mr. and Mrs. Byers were farming people in 
Lampeter township until 1875. when they removed 
to a farm, he had bought in East Drumore town- 
ship. There Mr. Byers built a barn i to feet long, 
remodelled the house and made many improvement^. 
i\Ir. Byers now owns 500 acres of land, on which are 
seven sets of farm buildings, all but one occupied 

by hi^ family. Tiie nine children of 2lt. and Mrs. 
Byers are all living: {1 ) Anna E., born in Novem- 
ber, 1 868, who married Clayton Alexander, has one 
son, Jacob, and occupies one of the farm liomes re- 
ferred to aijove; (2) John M.. born in January. 
1S70, and married to Susan Grofi', of East Drumore. 
^\here he lives on a farm; (3) Henry S., born in 
1871, who married Emma Yost, resides in Pequea 
township and is tlie father of four children, Lizzi,. 
Fiarrv, Benjamin and Sue; (4) Jacob, born in Ai,.:- 
ust, 1872, wdio married Lizzie Groff, lives in Last 
Drumore township and has three children, Stella. 
David and W'anie ; (5) Amos N.. born in Alarch. 
1S74, who married Miss Nancy W'altman, and re- 
.sides on his father's home farm, his only son beins" 
Roy ; (6) Alartin. born in August, 1875, who mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Lefever, has one daughter, Emma 
E.. and resides at tlie home of his father; (j) Enos. 
born in I\larch, 1879, unmarried; (8) Uriah S.. born 
in I-'cbruary, iSSr, unmarried; (9) Noah M., born 
in March, 1889. 

Mr. Byers bouq^ht his present home in 1896. It 
is a mile south of (Juarryville, and tliere he has been 
living a retired life. Always a Republican, for nine 
years he held the nffice of auditor in East Drumore 
township. 2ilr. and Mrs. B>ers are members of the 
()ld Mcnnonite Church at Mechanics Grove. 

CHARLES G. SCHUBERTH, proprietor cf 
the Lancaster Steam Laundry, has one of the finest 
plants of the kind in Pennsylvania. He is the pion- 
eer of the steam laundry business in Lancaster, hav- 
ing established his present place in July, 1886. and 
enjoys a fine patronage, employing four delivery 
wagons in Lancaster and six in PliiiadeJphia, in 
which city he has a heavy custom. 

Mr. Schuberth comes from fine German stock o!i 
both sides. His father's uncle, Henry Schuberth. 
v,-as honored by the Emperor of Russia, and his 
maternal grandfather, Wdliam Kahler, was decor- 
ated with the Iron Cross by the Emperor of Germany 
for distinguished military services. Most of 2dr. 
Schuberth's relatives in Europe are professional 
men — teachers and ministers of the Lutheran 

William Schuberth, father of Charles G., w3? 
born in 1814 in Berlin, Germany, and lived in his na- 
tive country until he reached middle age. He re- 
ceived a thorough education, becoming especially 
well known as a scholar in the Latin, Greek and Ger- 
man languages, and was engaged as professor in a 
college at Guben, Germany, for a num.ber of years. 
During his young manhood he gave the regular ser- 
vice as a soldier. In the early fifties he brought hi^ 
family to America, the voyage occupying thirteen 
weeks, and located first in the western part of 
Pennsylvania, remaining there some four vears. 
They then moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where the 
family home was for some years, and Mr. Schuberth 
spent his latter years with his chilriren, dying in T900 
at New Brighton. Pa. Pie returned to the father- 



• -I'l twice, durinq- tiie sixties. After coming- to 
"\Tr.'jrica he was eng.igecl at cabinet-making. 2^1 r. 
^,;!iiibcrth wa.s an accomplished performer on both 
.'::£■ violin and piano, and took great dehglit in music. 
'■(. was a member of and active worker in the 3 1. £. 
t !:\!rch. In Germany l\[r. Schuberth married Kath- 
iritic Kaliler, who was born in 1820, in Hamburg, 
:.::d their family consisted of nine children, four 
^,,n5 — all born in Germany and five daughters — all 
}.v.rn in Am.erica : William is one of the leading con- 
tractors of Cincinnati, Ohio, and m.akes his home at 
Wvoming, that State. Henry C. is a tobacco dealer 
.-,t Miamisbiirg, Ohio. August C. is in the cigar 
b-.;;iiiess at Falmouth. Ky. Charles G. is mentioned 
^c!ow. Three of the daughters died in infancy. 
E?r!ma is ?.Irs. Burns, ilay is the wife of John F. 
:^iiider. The mother died in 1S77. She was one of 
.1 large family, and her brothers v,'ere all professional 
nien, either teachers or ministers. 

Charles G. Schuberth was born June 13, 1S51, 
!.•! Han:iburg, Germany, and was a mere child when 
he came v.ith the family to this country. His educa- 
tional advantages were such as the common schools'orded. He remained with liis parents until he wa.'i 
fifteen years old, in 1807 going to Cincinnati, where 
he learned the carpenter's trade v.'ith his brother, 
fcllovving same three years. In 1S70 he engaged in 
tiie tobacco business with another brother, continu- 
ing in that line some sixteen years. In November. 
1872, he came to Lancaster, Pa., where he has ever 
since made his home, remaining in the tobacco bus- 
iness until 1SS6, when he bouglit the business to 
which he now devotes his principal attention, and 
which had been established one year. The laundry 
i? located at No. i46y.-2 East King street. Under 
his able management the concern has grown until he 
"ow has fifuA'-three employes on his pay-roll and 
there is no indication that the limit has been reached, 
^y any means. His energy and strict attention to 
rhe increasing demands on his plant have not only 
brought him success and substantial rewards, but 
liave won him the favorable notice of business men 
'H Lancaster generally, among whom he occupies 
high standing. He is ever on tiie elert for possible 
"■nd practical improvements, keeping fully abreast 
*"'- the times, and may ah.vays be depended upon to 
'lave the best in his line, for he is a progressive man 
"n every respect. He is a prominent member of the 
Lancaster Board of Trade. 

In 1876 !\Ir. Schuberth married Miss Clara B. 
Arnold, daughter of the late Thomas Arnold, the 
p:uneer slating contractor of Lancaster, and up to 
■'he time of his death a prominent citizen. I\Ir. and 
^Irs. Schuberth have had three children : William 
''•led atthe age of four. Paul was killed by an elect- 
'■'c arcident Nov. 8, 1900, at the age of nineteen ; he 
^3d been employed by the Westinghouse Company 
'^ an important position, having forty men under 
"'s control. Karl Arnold, the youngest, is a grad- 
''•"ite of Franklin and Marshall Academy, and now 

orcupies the position of manager of his father's ex- 
;ei:;ive business. 

Fraternally Mr. Schuberth is a member (?i the 
Koyal Arcanum. He is a director of the Lancaster 
General Hospital, though he takes little active inter- 
est in outside affairs. In religious ccnneciicn he is 
a member of Grace Luthei"an Church, for cigiueen 
years was one of its vestrymicn, and for ?;x years 
its treasurer. lie is deeply interested in the v.e'ifare 
of die Y. M. C. A. in Lancaster, of which he is a 
member, and took a prominent part in th.e erection 
of their line building in the city. Tlie hammer used 
to tear orf the first board of the house which form- 
erly occupied the site was sold at public auction and 
IMr. Schuberth bouglit it, paying the sum of .SioS. 

CHRISTIAN H. KENDIG. The ties that bind 
j the native-born sons of Lancaster county to the place 
I of their birth seem to be peculiarly strong, for. v.-i;ile 
; from other counties a large proportion of il;e young 
i men drift westward, here there are many wr.o pre- 
I fer to ciing to the associations of youth. Legion is 
i the name of those who have spent long and f;setul 
i years in the locality where they were born. I\ir. 
! Kendi^r was one of those to whom the love of home 
j and native soil appealed v/itii especial strength. Eorn 
I on a farm in East' Lampeter township, Lancaster 
i county, Dec. 22, 1829, reared to agricultural pur- 
; suits, a fanner by training and by choice, foilow- 
j ing the occtipation through all of his life, he finally 
i entered into rest Jan. 4, ib86. and from oi'.' homiC- 
stead v.Ms taken to the Mcnnonlte cemetery in Siras- 
j burg township, where his body v. as interre^i in the 
j midst of scenes long loved by him. 
I John G. Kendig, father of Christian H. Kendig, 
j was a son of Henry and Maria (Grclr) Kendig, 
I fanners of Strasburg township, Lancaster county. 
I The occupation to which he v.'as reared he selected 
I for his life calling; after the marriage of his son, 
i Christian H., he retired from active labor, bu: con- 
I tinned to live at the old homestead until his death, 
I July 31, 1876, at seventy years of age. H;: was 
I laid' to rest in the -Mennonite cemetery at Sfaibursr, 
j by the side of his wiie, Susan, who had passed away 
j in August, 1865, at the age of fifty-seven >ears. 
From childhood both had been earnest m.embers of 
the iMeniionite Church, and in its doctrines they care- 
fully trained their children, Christian H., "'.Ltry A.. 
Henry, Susan and John. None of them are now liv- 
ing except Susan, who is unmarried and makes her 
home in Lancaster. Tvlrs. Susan Kendig a 
daughter of Jacob and Susan (Lefcver") Hanman, 
and grew to womanhood upon the iiome farm in this 

Wlien ready to establish a home of his own Chris- 
tian H. Kendig was united in marriage witli .\nna 
W'itmer, the ceremony being solem.mzed in Lan- 
caster Oct. 25, 1855. Four children were born of 
their imion, viz. : Witmer J., of Lancaster ; F^avid 
H., of Reading, Pa. ; Susan E. and Anna M., who re- 




side witli tlieir mother in Lancaster, the famil)- hav- : 
ing in i8qj removed to that city from the old liome- i 
stead farm. Having been reared in the Memionite i 
faith. Mrs. Kendig retains membership in that de- | 
nominarion, arid is a sincere e>qjonent of its doctrines i 
of self-sacrifice and kindliness. Her children at- i 
tend the Reformed Churcli and are active in \arir.ius 
of its societies. 

The ancestry of JSirs. Kendig is traced back to 
Benjamin W'itmer, a native of Switzerland, wlio in 
17 16 sought the larger possibilities of America, set- 
tling in Lancaster conntv. Three years later his 
son, John, u-as born in this count}-, of which he re- 
mained a litelon.g resident. By tlie marriage of Joim 
Witmer to Frances Roland a son was born whc^m 
they named Benjamin : this son became a farmer and 
married a Tsii-^s Brubakcr, of an old familv in the 
county. Next in line of descent was another Ben- 
jamin V, itnier, a farmer oi East Lampeter town- 
ship; by his marriage to Esther Euckwaltcr a son, 
David, was borr.. Like his ancestors, he never cared 
to remove from his native county, preferring to clitig 
to the associations dear to him from his earliest 
recollections. Nor did he seek a nevv^ and strange 
calling, but continued to till the soil of the home- 
stead acres. At the time of his ileath, Jan. 9, 1S76. 
he was seventy-live years of age. His wife, who 
■was Anna Rutt, died in 186S, aged sixty-nine years. 
Both Were interred in rvlellinger's cemetery con- 
nected witli the 3dennonitc Church, of whicit de- 
nomination they were conscientious members. [n 
their faniily were the follijwing-r.anied sons and 
daughters: Abraham R., of Mountvillc. Pa.: Eliz- 
abeth, deceased . Hettie. of East Lampeter town- 
ship ; Anna, Airs. Kendig, of Lancaster ; David and 
Jacob, farmers of East Lanipeter township : Bar- 
tara. Mrs. Christ Frey. deceased ; Mary, Mrs. Eman- 
uel Herr, deceased; Benjamin and Joshua, wlio are 
also deceased. 

Though, a considerable period has elapsed since 
the death of Mr. Kendig, he is not forgotten by ! 1 
those to whom the associations of a lifetime had en- 
deared him. His niemory is still green in the hearts 
of family and friends. Among his old associates 
it is often called to mind that he contributed gener- 
ously to thiC maintenance of his church, the Mcnnon- 
ite, as well as to the expansion of its missionary 
•movements ; nor has it been forgotten that for many 
years he served faithfully and well as school direc- 
tor, often leaving his farm to do some work in con- 
nection with promoting the welfare of the schools. 
Indeed, as citizen, husband, father and friend, his 
life was exemplary and his example worth v of emu- 

GEORGE S. LAIMBORN. The Lamhorn fam- 
ily of Lancaster county-. Pa., has not only been one 
of responsibility and respectability in this locality 
for many generations, but it is one of the oldest, also, 
tracing an ancestral line far back in the past, reach- 
ing even a date as ancient as A. D. 871 Englisli 

historv- lias man\- records of members of tliis famjl.- 
who became conspicuous in various circles of life_ 
during the years that intervened between the daio 
mentioned and 1659, '" which year occurred the birth 
of the direct ancestor of George S. Laniborn, of Lan- 
caster county. 

Josiah Laml'orn was born in Easthamstead, 
Berkshire. England, in 1659, ten years after tlie be- 
heading of the great English king, Charles L Tlio 
marriage of Josiah Lamborn to his wxict Ann re- 
sulted m the birth of six cliildren : Thomas, Ma- 
riah, Robert. John, William and Sanh. Josiah 
Lamborn died Dec. !_;. 1749, and his wife passed 
away Aug. 11, 1722. 

Robert Lamborn, son of Josiah, ^\■as born iu 
1697, ana according to the records, his iiareuts were 
of the Episcopal faith. At the age of seventeen 
years he formed an attachment for the daughter of 
Francis Su'ayne, of Jjerkshire, England, but tiiis 
youtl'ifn! intimacy was discouraged by the parents 
on both sides, and m order to separate the voung 
people th.e Swayne fainiiy resolved on so stringent 
a measure as emigration to America, which was ac- 
complished in 171 1. When young Robert learned 
of the shatterinsi of his Iiopcs lie was stricken v-idi 
.sorrow, as the location of the Swayne family in the 
great and unknown lai'd be>ond ilie sea was to:;ally 
;inknown to iiim. Had Robert been of faint heart 
this pretty but authcnt;c romance might liave been 
closeil then, but he evidently possessed many of 
those attributes which., both earlier and luter, 
brought ]>roniinence anil success to his kiiidred. 
With a firm resolve to find t!ie lady of his affections 
Robert bade farewell to liis family and also set sail 
for America, safely reaching tiiese shores in 1713. 
After visiting various locations of English people 
in Pennsylvania, th.e most of whom had settled near 
Philadelphia, it was in llie city of Erotherlv Love 
that the \\esry swain met with a rewarii of his search. 
It must lie remembered that at that date the present 
eautiful city covered much less extent, and thus it 
was not so wonderful a happening for Robert to 
meet Ids desired father-in-lavv on tlie street. It is 
not recorded why the latter greeted the voting man 
kindly and invited him to be his guest, but it h 
quite possible that in th.e perseverance of the wooi^i- 
he recognized a stability that augured well for the 

The home of Francis Swayne was in Chester 
county, and Mr. Swayne and his willing visitor made 
the trip on horseback, taking turns at riding. It 
was the kind father wdio reached the farm first, and 
with a consideration wiiich was doubtless appreci- 
.-ited he sent his daughter, Sarah, out to meet the 
guest. Love found its way, in those i.-r off days 
as successf;dlv as now. and doubtless Mr. Swayne 
thought that the young man had won his bride, for 
all parental objections seem to have been removed, 
and the marriage of Robert Lamborn and Sarah. 
Swayne was celebrated, hv FrieiK-s ccremonv, Sent. 
5. 172-'. 



Evidently Robert Laiiiborn founcl the farminc; 
iaiids in tliis locality to his liking, for he remained 
ji^re all his life, dying on flie land he had brought 
t.i a high state of cidtivatioii Nov. 22, 1775, and he laid away in the burying ground at London 
(irovc, in Chester county. His association with th-^ 
iiuiians, who still roamed over a ]5ortion of the State, 
^,enis to have been amicable, as there is an interest- 
ing family record of an occasion upon which an 
Indian besought Robert to accompany him to a cer- 
tain locality where was situated some of the best land 
111 the country. This spot, whicii Robert found 
fair, indeed, was the site of tiie present city of Lan- 
caster. However, it at that tirae was too far from 
niiy means of transportation to make it a desirable 
home in which to raise produce for market, and Mr. 
Lamborn was obliged to give up the idea of locat- 
ing so far from Philadelpiiia. It was on the site 
of the present Center Square monument tliat Rob- 
ert Lamborn mounted tiie stump of an old tree and. 
:.fter viewing the goodly heritage, the beautiful pros- 
]iect, he involuntarily exclaimed, "this would be such 
a beautiful spot upon which to fciund a city." his 
thought having been reali.-^cd by the upbuilding of 
t!ie city of Lancaster, in which his ejescendants have 
been so well known. His friendly relations with the 
Redmen ha^e given color to many a pretty storv, 
v,-e!l authenticated. After a day's hunt for veni- 
son they would often come to his house and sleep 
on the kitchen floor, with their feet to the old-fash- 
ioned log fire place. When '"Lobert." as they called 
him, would awaken them in the morning they would 
quietlv and peaceably leave the house, first telling 
him where he could tind a deer shot the day before ; 
occasionalh,' they would carry the game to him. 
The children born to Robert and his wife Sarah 
■were: Robert (2), William, Ann, Elizabeth, 
Francis, John, Thomas, Josiah and Sarah. 

Robert Lamborn (2). son of Robert, was born 
June 3, 1723, and died Dec. 8, 1781. By Friemis 
ceremony he married to Ann ( Alorris) Bourne 
Sept. 19, 1746: she died June 6, 1790. By trade he 
was a blacksmith, and he followed this industry near 
■ London Grove, or Lamborntown, his burial taking 
place there also. By nature he was a kind and char- 
itable man, of whom his neighbors cherished pleas- 
ant recollections. The children born to Robert (2) 
and Ann Lamborn were : Jesse. Susanna, Robert, 
Tliomas, JNIary, John. Joseph, Sarah, David, Ann, 
George, Lydia (who died in infancy) and Lydia ( 2). 
All of these were born in Chester county, and all 
Were united in marriage by the simple and beautiful 
formula of tlie Society of Friends. 

George Lamborn, son of Roiiert (2), was born 
near Chadds Ford, Ciie^ter county, Dec. 23, 176S, 
2nd died Sept. tq, 185,6. His tirst marriage was 
Feb. 12. 1790, to ^Lartha Marshall and his second 
marriage was IMarch 14. 1S06, to Mary Smedley, 
Mho died on Jan. 10, 1857. By occupation he was 
^cth farmer and biacksmitii, following his trade in 

ih.e vicinity of his birth until 1806, wdien he moved 
to Lancaster county, buying at that time a farm near 
\\'entz's r^Iill, in I\Jartic township. In the estima- 
tion of his neighbors lie was a prosperous man, and 
tliat he v.-as kind-hearted may be inferred when it 
is stated that a signing of a note in order to relieve 
a friend from tinancia! difhcnlties resulted in his own 
ruination, making it necessary for him to resume iiis 
laborious trade again. Removing after this disas- 
ter to Drumore township, he located near Friends 
Drumnre Particular I^.Ieeting, and there continued 
for a time in the blacksmith business, but in 1S28 he 
emigrated to Jefferson county, Ohio, and rented a 
farm near Steubenville. Nine years later he re- 
' moved to Knox county, Ohio, where he bouglit a 
farm, upcm which he remained until the time of his 
death, his burial l)eing in Aliilwood cemetery, in the 
, same county. ^\"lliIe George Lamborn v.'as still a 
i young man and living at Chadds F'ord, he acci- 
j dentally discovered a vein of fine anthracite coal, 
1 while on a irunting tour. On account of tb.e parsi- 

■ mony of the owner of the land upon which it was 
found the vein was never worked, the exact loca- 
tion of the find being at present known only to two 
persons, George S. Lamborn, of Liberty Square, 
Lancaster county, and his cousin, Harvey Baker, of 
Pittsburg, tlie former of whom owns the original 
draft. The children born to the first marriage of 
George Lainl)om were: Lewis, Benjamin, Thomas, 
Ann, }ilarshall and Lydia, all of whom were mar- 
ried by the Friends' ceremony. The children of 
the second marriage were: Smedley; Susanna; 
John ; Esther ; Robert : }.lary ; Phiiena : Jacob ; Lind- 
ley : an'l Alartha. Changes came into this family, 
some of the members n-'.arr\ing into other religious 
societies, the result being tliat Smedley, the direct 
ancestor of George S. Lamborn, was the only one 

! who adhered to the simple ceremony of the Friends, 
which had united his ancestors. 

Smedley Lamborn, son of George and Mary 
'■ Lamborn, was born in Chester county Jan. 6, 1807, 
and died Sept. 26. 1851. On Dec. 22. 1830, he was 
. united in wedlock to Margarett Bolton, who was 
! born Aug. 26, iSio, a daughter of Isaac and Eiiza- 
I beth Bolton: she died on Nov. 21, 1855. Pier par- 
i ents were formerly residents of Bucks county. Pa., 
I where he carried on a business of chair and spin- 
ning wheel maker, engaging in farming after locat- 
j ing in Lancaster county. Smedley Lamborn was a 
man of excellent morals and religious habits of 
: thought, being also a man of liberal ideas and one 
I much interested in all reform movements. As an 

■ ardent anti-slavery man he took an interested part 
• in the workings of the Underground Railroad, and 

was as active in the cause of temperance. By trade 
i he was a blacksniith, having been a pupil of Eilward 
j Green, but at the age of twenty-tliree years he 
I bouglit the farm in Martic townshi]) on which his 
I son George now resides. After his marriage lie 
i opened up a smithy on his farm near Wentz's Mill, 



and tliere, with cxcell-.-nt machinery adapted to his 
purpose, lie did a good business. 

It was in that place that George S. Lamborn, of 
Lancaster county, was born, and it is recalled in his 
mind by several incicicnts of early childhood, they 
probably being the very cnrliest events impressed 
upon his mmd, and particularly interesting on that 
account. .Mr. Lamborn recalls an occasion when 
his beloved mother tenderly put him to sleep in his 
little bed, and then started to the mill in order to get 
some flour On her return she was surprised to 
meet her lirtle son on the road, coming to meet her. 
What took place then IMr. Lamborn does not recall, 
but it V as of enough imporrance to fix the incident 
upon his memory. He also recalls a visit ^rhich he 
made to the smithy and return home through the 
dark night, in the arm.s of one of the apprentices, the 
change from the glow of the forge to the blackness 
of the outside v,-orld probably accounting for the im.- 
press made upon the cliildish imacrination. 

Smediey Lamborn contmucd his trade in that 
vicinity until the sprmg of 1S37, at which time he 
moved to a tenant house on Llijah Worlls' farm, 
Avhich was one-half mile northeast of Liberty Square, 
and from this place he went back and forth to do a 
little farming on his Mariic township tract, the resi- 
dence being occupied at this time by Jacob Paxon. 
Jn tl:e spring of 1839 '^^ moved to that place and 
com.menced the lieavy work of clearing up a farm, 
the first business being the removal of scattered trees, 
bushes, stones and rocks and rhe d.riiiiiing of swam])s, 
preliminary to fencing, as none of the latter had been 
finished, with the exception of fourteen acres. The 
buildings consisted of an old log house and barn, 
and a stone, the latter being still a 
stanch relic of days prior to the time of Smediey 
Lamborn. The old barn was roofed with straw and 
was almost in a swamp, while the dwelling was also 
old and uricomfcrtablo, being the second one on this 
place. Although things liad a rather discouraging 
outlook Sm.edley hired help, and being a man of un- 
tiring energy he instilled a part of it into his assist- 
ants, and in a few years brought a fine farm out of 
the seeming chaos. Tlie dwelling was repaired, a 
wagon house and other shelters were built, and in 
1847 ^ substantial barn was erected. These were 
years of unremitting toil, and although there was 
never a pause in the industry of the father, he was 
ably assisted by the efforts of his sons, George S. and 
Aquilla B., the labors of the latter including the 
clearing of the land, the sawing of logs and the 
hauling of limestone and lim.e, and aside from these 
duties, the necessary farm work and chores came also 
within ti-.eir line. 

Mr. Lamborn recalls the occasion of his first 
experience in hay loading. This was in the summer 
of 183Q. His father was taking in a load of sweet 
meadow hay, and, probably being short of help, 
placed his son George S. on the load to trample it 
down as he pitched it in great forkfulls from the 
ground. Although but a iad of eight years, his 

wholesome bringing up had made him sturdy zn'l 
strong, and he recalls with satisfaction that from tliat 
first successful experience during the sixty-tliree 
years that have passed since then he has never 
missed the enjoyment and exhilaration of particina- 
ting in a hay or wheat harvest, and still further, he 
has never had a single load to play him the scurw 
trick of falling off. 

From 1847 to i^oi prosperity smiled on the ef- 
forts of Smediey Lamborn in his farming opera- 
tions, although the dear and sympathetic mother 
was often seen to be sorrowful that her family had 
! to be content with such plain food, through tl:e 
I struegling \-oars. She was a woman of the most e'.e- 
j vated character, and was beloved by all \\'ho kn-nv 
I her. In the fall of 1851, Smediey died, and his wid- 
} ow and the noble sons carried on the v,-ork of the 
j farm for seme time. The children born to Smed'.ev 
I Lamborn and wife were: George S., Aquilla E., 
Emcline, F.lwood. William Lewis, Elizabeth. Sarah 
E., P'riscilla S., Alice Ann, Lucinda and Lydia. All 
of these married, six of them adhering to the pr::i- 
ciples of Friends to the degree of using the sinipie 
and expressive marriage ceremony, these being;- 
George S.. \A'lHiam Lewis, Saraii, Alice Ann. Lu'- 
cinda and Lydia, while the others were married by 
the mayor of the city of Lancaster. 

George S. Lamborn, of Liberty, Lancas- 
ter county, was born Nov. 24, 1831, the eldest ciiiid 
of his parents. In the fall of 1853 he attended Benja- 
min FIoops's Boarding School, near Avonrlale. Ches- 
ter county, and remained there through that winter. 
In the spring of 1854, he hired with his uncle. Ja- 
cob Baker, as clerk, and for other work, the uncle 
being engaged in the business of lime burning in 
Chester county, and ?v[r. Lamborn remained with 
this relative until the fall, at which time he returned 
to his home, and with his brother Aquilla E.. took 
charge of the farm, and in the summer of 1855 they 
built a new house. The family still remained to- 
gether at this time, with the exception of Eme'ine. 
and great were the anticipations and preparations 
for the occupancy of tlie new and comfortable resi- 
dence. The pleasant pians were forgotten, however, 
in the sudden illness of the beloved mother, who was 
taken ill with pneumonia, and died Nov. 21, iS*:. 
Elizabeth then took charge of the home, but with 
the beloved mother gone, the others graduallv left, 
and the familv became scattered. 

On Mav 8, 1856, George S. Lamborn was united 
by Friends' ceremony to Sarah W. Coates, who ^\'a5 
born Feb. 7. 183 T, a daughter of Ellis and Abicrail 
Coates, of Honieville, Chester county. Then George 
S. and Aquilla B. took charge of the farm, in part- 
nership ; Elwood went to work at the blacksmith's 
trade; William embarked in an agency business, 
also taught school ; and the younger girls found 
homes in neighboring families. In the school vear 
of jS66-/, George S. taught school, the fall term be- 
ing in an old stone sclioolhcuse situated in a swamp, 
near the Buck hotel, that being in the days prior 



;o the discovery of the germs, which in later years 
v.c are ihsposed to think lurk in every marshy spot. 
'I'lic winter school was at Oregon schoolhouse, 
'■.liich was situated in the forest, south of the Hugli 
Tcnnv farm in Drumore tovi-nship. 

In iS6i, George S. bought out his brother's in- 
terest in the farm, or rather, a division v,-as made, 
bv which George S. look the old homestead, and 
Aquiila B. the southern portion of the place, which 
Ind been bought and added to the original. This 
farm had been taken up in 1754, and it has been the 
borne of George S. Lamhorn for sixty-three years. 
In 1S56 he became especiallv interested in mineral- 
ogv, his curiosity being awakened by his first find, 
wlien a boy, of a cubic specimen of "fool's gold," 
or iron pyrites, and during succeeding years he has 
continued collecting, until now he has one of the 
most interesting as well as valuable assortments of 
minerals, Iniliaa relics, fossils, shells and other 
curiosities, in the locality, well worth a position in 
some public museum. Mr. Lamborn through study 
of Mineralogy, Geology, Archaeology and Paleon- 
tology has become tlioroughly acquainted with his 
collections, and a study of Philately has also in 
some degree, occupied his attention, as he has be- the owner of a valuable assortment of stamps. 
Although naturally this collection is very precious 
to ^.Ir. Lamborn. and has cost time, money and 
effort, in its acquirement, he is very unseitish about 
it, and has endeavored to make •practical use of it 
in the instruction of the school children of his lo- 

In 1862 }ilr. Lamborn accepted a position as 
school director, being peculiarh- well quahtied for 
its duties. As secretary of the board, wlien making 
liis inonthly visits, it was liis custom to take with 
him some of the minerals, and when the children 
became interested in looking at these, he would in- 
struct them concerning these things, and thus en- 
■deavor to awaken a love for the wonders of a 
world which too often was but as a sealed 
look to them. It was also the commendable 
ciistom of Mr; Lamborn to carry with him 
his galvanic battery, and make merry with the 
children, while explaining to them its powers 
and use. These visits were welcomed by 
the children, and the occasions were never for- 
gotten. y\fter closinc: his relations with the school 
board, after a period of fifteen years, ^^Ir. Lamborn 
was elected to the office of district auditor, faith- 
fully performing the duties pertaining to it until 
the present time, having also efficiently served dur- 
ing the intervening years as county- juryman and 
Toad and bridge-viewer. 

Perhaps in no nay has ^Ir. Lan.iborn been more 
consnicuous in his localitv. tlian in his unswerving 
allegiance to the cause of temperance. The disas- 
trous effects of strong drink were so realized bv 
'him in early life, that at the age of eleven years he 
induced eleven other youths to join him in taking 
the pledge of the V.'ashingtonian Tcm.perance So- 

ciety, t!"sis organization then being prominently be- 
fore the public, the occasion Ijeing at a meeting at 
the old Silver Spring schoolhouse, near Liberty 
Square. ]\Ir. Lamborn has been consistent in his 
attitude on this question, having never handled or 
tasted intoxicating liquor, and has been the only 
voter of the Temperance ticket in his district. 

It was not strange that when -Jr. Lamborn 
reached llie age of mature rejection he should 
become a strong anti-slavery man. his feeling of 
right making hhn the advocate of ail miCn, wiiliout 
regard to color. V.'hile still a lad in the public 
school, he testified his faith in a schoolmate of an- 
otlier race, the occasion being related by }.Ir. Lam.- 
born. -\ colored lad had been subjected to punish- 
uicnt for some infraction of the rules, and the 
teacher decided to exact the "pound of flesh'' un- 
less the offender could find some one to offer to be 
security for him. Doubtless, if the lad had been 
white, many excusers would have been found, but 
George S. Lamborn was the only fellow-student who 
was willing to show that much conhdence in him. 
When the week of trial was ended, the colored boy 
had fullv satisfied his bond. As a testimonial of his 
gratitude, he presented his bondsman with a musi- 
cal instrument, this being one of his own most val- 
ued ijossessions. 

Reared in the Society of Friends, the simplicity 
and peacefulness of their religious belief, has al- 
ways lieen of the greatest motrent to George S. 
Lamborn. To the Bible he has given much study, 
and he is inclined to fall in with raany of the lead- 
ing relicfious tliinkers of the day. that verv much of 
it must be taken, in a spiritual sense, and that m.any 
of the incidents related therein must have been writ- 
ten by different authors, from their own point of 
view. It would be his wish to have it so elim- 
inated that its history has no contradictions and all 
impure sentiments should give way to the lofty 
imaeerv which in that sense makes it the Book of 

Through long years of study and reflection. Mr. 
Lamborn has done his best to exert an influence 
against impnrity in politics, believing that many ma- 
cliine manipulations tend not only to breed, but to 
foster tendencies toward the vile tyrant. Anarchy. 
In the true sense of the word, he has been a member 
of the RepuhHcan party, although at times he has 
felt called upon to vote for the man he judged best, 
irrespective of partv tie. 

Possessing a mechanical and inventive turn of 
mind, Mr. Lamborn has produced many articles 
well worthv the time consumed in their construc- 
tion. In connection v,-ith his other business, he 
bought the agency for farm and other machinery, 
his judgment enabling him to select the best and 
most satisfactory kinds. As a farmer, he v.^as al- 
ways considered one of the most successful and pro- 
gressive, having at all times had an eye to conveni- 
ence and improvement, both in farm and in farm 
buildings. Although ]\Ir. Lamborn has never given 



any attention to the mecliniiical part of mnsic, his 
ear is one attuned to sweet soinids, the blowing 
■winds, the roUiiig billows as well as the singing 
• birdr. and the ".vhisperings of the forests, producing 
harmonies for him. In all her aspects, Nature pre- 
sents to him an attractive face. 

Few men in this locality have seen more of their 
own land than yir. Lamborn, his enjoyment of 
travel being both physical and mental. From the 
time he made his first trip, from Strasbnrg to Phil- 
adelphia, in 185 1, until the date of the last one. from, 
AlcCalls Ferry to Bedford, Pa., he has covered 14,- 
425 miles by railroad. 270 miies by steam-boat, this 
not inclusive of the long trips made on foot and by 
carriage. In his pleasant wanderings. Air. Lamborn 
has made three trips to Monroe. Iowa, the first in 
1879. -'"'2 second in 1884. anrl the third in 1S93 : to the 
World's Fair, in Chicago : three visits to Xiagara 
Falls ; the Provincial Fair, in Toronto. Canada : the 
Centennial, in Philadelphia, to sea shore and through 
mountains, and all over several coimties of the Kev- 
stone State. The time and money which ]\[r. Lam- 
born has expended on these visits, he considers m.ore 
remunerative in every way. than if he had used the 
same for either questionable enjoyments or for the 
purchase of strong drink, or tobacco, having such 
an antipathy to the latter as to refuse even to 
grow it. 

Mr. Lamborn is most highlv esteemed in his 
neighborhood, where his kindlv, charitable nature 
is so v.ell knov\-n. Plis hand is ever extended in 
manly friendship to those wh.o deserve it, while 
many have been the cases when he has quietlv as- 
sisted those who did not always deserve his charity. 
Social by nature, his travel and study have made 
him a very delightful host, and one of the manv re- 
unions of various kinds, well remembered, is one 
which took place on Feb. 22, iSgr. the gathering 
being composed of his brothers and sisters, in his 
hospitable home. At tiiis timxC, Mr. Lamborn ad- 
dressed the company in these words : 

Brothers and sisters, relatives and friends : We are 
happy once more to welcome you back to the old home- 
stead, where memory loves to linger, and where, in child- 
hood's unconcern, we children a:athered wild flowers in 
wood and vale, and fi'^hed beside the laughing stream, 
chased the butterfly in yonder meadow, or in wintry sport, 
slidinsi down the icy hills, little realizing- the care and 
an.xiety that lilied our parents' hearts for our comfort and 
support, tor it is but little that children know of the trials 
and privations paren':; undergo for them, only as the ex- 
perience in after years proves it. 

Yes. when I wander back, in mind. I hear the sweet 
voice of our dear morher singing a lullaby to the infant in 
its cradle, or hear her merry song as she goes about her 
daily work, busy with the spinning wheel in the kitchen at 
one end of the anartment. or. as the two were one, adiust- 
ing her little parlor at the other, while the old clock upon 
the wall ticks away the fleeting moments. I imagine, too, 
I hear the voice of our dear father, humming a favorite 
song, while about the duties of the farm, or whistling a 
lively march, as with his brawny arm he forges the heated 
iron on the anvil. 

I also see that old. old house from within whose 
valls came many merry voices, and where were shed manv 

bitter tears of sorrow, and through whose roof sifted ;':t^ 
driving snov,-. spreading its icy mantle upon the luini'.:» 
couch beneath; and the beating rains camic relentlcsslv 
through the v.-alls and ran in little streams across tli'c 
warped and uncarpcted floor. .4s tradition has it, it w.i; 
used by former occupants as an inn. dealing over its br-.r 
that which brings to the human family untold misery, 
woe and want. And seemingly to make amends for tlie 
evil, the old house was so arranged that religious meet- 
ings might be held therein. Then in their turn came tl;e 
clank of the loom and the humming of tlii; spinning wheel, 
which now are hushed. Nothing now remains to mark the 
spot where the old house stood but that bunch of roses 
planted by our mother's haiid, Tlic old shop is gone; the 
ring of the anvil is hear.! r,-> more; and the old barn, 
where we frolicked and pi.'yed upon the straw, and foueht 
the wasps in the old thatched roof, leaves no trace be- 
hind. All have gone, except the old spring-house, which, 
too, is following the inevitable law, passing away, passing 
away, and then all will be eone save that spring of pure- 
and sparkling water, at -whcse brink many wean.' travelers 
have been refreshed, and in whose waters were many ban- 
tisms. It alone will remain as a living monument of tiie 

This same law is carrying us down the stream of 
time; and in a few short years will land us on the brink 
of Eternity. There, standing by the waters of the river 
of Death, piercing through the over-hanging mist, listen- 
ing to the sweet voices from the other shore, beckoning 
us to come hilher, away f.-om a cold and selfish world 
into a state of everlasting bliss — yes. the voices of o-jr 
parents, sisters and brothers. 

Dear ones, let not this review of the past, or thoughts 
of the future, discourage us, for the time will s'X)n come 
when all knowledge and trace of our existence here will 
have passed into oblivion. For stich is the law of Nature, 
that one generation passes away and another comes. Nov/- 
many of us are parents, and our children look to us for 
support, counsel and influence. Do we fully realize our 
responsibility? Can we stand firm for the right? Let rot 
the light remark or the impertinei-t reply, coming from 
the lips of the little ones we love, pen-nit us to lose our 
control in our man.agement of them. for. most assuredly 
it will lead to disolKjdience. .'irst to parent and friend, next 
to coun-Lry. and then to G.-^d. 

Disobedience to known law leads to ruin, and obedi- 
ence to greatness. This is strikingly exemplified in tlie 
life of the illustrious man whose birthday we now cele- 
brate, and whose obedience to the guarded care and inllu- 
ence of a wise and devoted mother, placed him at the Iiead 
of our nation, and throttgh his untiring efforts, hardships 
and trials, in connection with other patriots of his time, 
succeeded in establishing the best forrrv of government the 
world has ever seen. Although corruption steals in, yet 
the people have the power to rectify all mist.ikes or griev- 
ances that muy arise, by exercising their judgment at the 
ballot-box. This power can be greatly strengthened by 
extending to both sexes alike the right of suffrage. un<ler 
certain eduoitional qualifications. When this is done, the 
fell monsier. Intemperance, with all its ruinous conse- 
quences, 'vVomM. soon lose its power and be banished from 
our midst. Would not this be progress? Would not this 
be adding to the great work commenced by the Father of 
the Republic? The later they commenced we inu;:t 
shoulder. an<S with the battle-axe of right hew down the 
forests of eril that exist or may rise before us; and as 
each succeedrjig celebration of the birthday of tl-.e Father 
of his Country comes upon us, let us see that the portals 
are guarded zind the governmental apartments are cleanly 

Also, let it be ;i reminrler that not only this day but 
every day shmld be celebrated unto Him who has seen fit 
to place us in this world to work out our ov-n destiny, for 
good or for <tvil. Then let us look on ail earthly trials 
as lessons <riven us in the school of adversity, lessons 
which, if rigitly miderstood, will teach us to enioy the 



persent; and let that enjoyment be of such a character 
that it will stin°: behind, but will lead us, step by 
jtep, into the paths of purity and peace. 

The children born to George S. Lamborn were: 
Margaret Coates ; ilary Miller; Priscilia S., John 
Comley; Anna I^lary ; Charles Linnaeus: and Lucre- 
tia Mott. ]Mr. Lamborn is now retired from busi- 
ness activity. I: has never been an object with liiin 
to accumulate larsfe means, althou.ijh his stauuins: is 
one of substantiality and responsibility in the neisfh- 
borhood. Few men have crossed the stage of af- 
fairs in Lancaster county who have left a more in- 
delible impress upon the iocaiity in whicii circum- 
stances placed them tlian George S. Lambcrn, 
standing as he always has for the higliest standards 
of living and ever working to promote those influ- 
ences which work for the progress and develop- 
ment of the best interests of his section. By ex- 
ample, by tongue and pen, he has lived as he has 
preached, and represents in every way the highest 
type of representative citizen. 

Since the above was written, and as if to verify 
it, George S. Lamborn appeared as an advocate for 
rural free delivery. He was the first in the neigh- 
borhood to make a move for the establishment of a 
route — a privilege almost unheard, or imthought. of 
by most of the inhabitants of his vicinity. He com- 
menced hiis work for it Jan. 13, 1002, and regard- 
less of th.e filed protests against it in tiie Postoftice 
Department, the jeers and scotfings b>y tlie country 
postmasters and their henchmen, he succeeded by 
the kind eiTorts of Congressman H. J'.urd Cassel, 
and the just considerations of the Postofnce Depart- 
ment, in establishing the route on Nov. i, 
1902, v.'hich he feels to be a crowning efi'ort of his 
life work, anrl a cherished boon to his fellov,- pa- 
trons of the Bonview Route No. i. This new de- 
parture is quite a contrast, and Mr. Lamborn has 
bridged a period of time in mail facilities almost 
unequaled by any other nation of the world. He 
well remicmbers being sent for mail, wiien a boy. 
several miles from home, to be rewarded bv receiv- 
ing a letter for his father, from the latrer's lather 
in Ohio, whicii had been on the road about ninety 
days at a cost of twenty-five cents. Now a letter 
can be had from the same place in two days, at a 
cost of two cents, and delivered at the yard gate. 
Rapid strides have been made in improvements, 
economy, extravagance, and selfishness in the last 
fifty years of the country's history. 

time pastor (iSSi-iooil of the historic old Luth- 
eran Church of the Holy Trinitv in Lancaster, 
founded in 1730. Ins left a monument to his zeal 
and devotion in this great congregation, which is 
numerically the strongest in Lancaster, having 1,040 

Mr. Fry is descended from a family that for gen- 
erations has been prominent in Pennsylvania, both 
in church and State. His grandfather was famil- 

iarly known, during his official lire at Harrisburg, 
■?.3 Auditor General of the State, as "Honest Jacob 
Fry." His father, who for thirty-two years was pas- 
tor of Old Trinity Church at Reiiding, Pa., is now 
the Professor of Homiletics and Practical Theology 
at the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Blount 
.■\iry, Philadclniiia. and one of the leading spirits in 
the venerable 2\linisterium of Pennsylvania. He is 
the author of a work on the Science of Homiletics, 
j now in general use as a text-hook in Lutheran Sem- 
j inaries throughout the country. 

The first ancestor to come to this country, from 
i the Palatinate, Germany, was Henry Fry, who ar- 
i rivefl in Anierica in the vear 16S0. having been driv- 
I en from his home bv religiotis bigotry and persecu- 
i tion. Ke was one of the founders of Germantown, 
! where his son Jacob, and his grandson, Flcnr}', s]ient 
! their lives on tlie paternal estate. It is a matter 
; v.-orthy of note, that in tliis family for generations 
I the names of Jacob and Henry alternated. 
1 Dr. Jacob Fry, tlie distinguished Professor at 
; 2dount Airy, ordained to th.e ministry at the age 
! of nineteen years. Eliza Jane Wattles, his wife, 
i was horn in New England, a daughter of Harvey 
I Wattles, afterwards a resident of Gettysburg. To 
i this union Vi'cre bom the following children : R.ev. 
i Charles Livingston: 3.1iss Mary Gross: Miss Kate 
i Wattles ; Annie Gillespie, wife of Philip S. Zicber, 
i a lawyer of Reading: Rev. Franklin Foster, for 
I eleve'i years pastor oi Grace Lutheran Church, of 
; Bethlehem, Pa., and now of the Church of the Re- 
I formation, Rochester, N. Y. ; Josephine Cassady, 
I wife of "\\'i!lian! Benhow, church organist and musi- 
: cian, at Reading; and ?\Iiss Jennie, unmarried. 
j Rev. Cliarlcs Livingston Fry graduated from 
j tite Reading Higli School in 1S75 ; from Muhlen- 
i berg Coiicge, at Allentown, in 1878. and from the 
] Tiieologicai Seminary, at Philadelphia, in 18S1. 
i Immediately after his entra;ice upon the work of 
1 t!ie gospel m.inistry, he was called to Lancaster, as 
: an associate of Dr. Emanuel Greenwald, the pastor 
i of Holy Trinity Church, who was then a very aged 
: man, and upon his death in 1S85 succeeded to tiie 
: pastorate by unani:nous vote of tlie congregation. 
I 2\ir. Fry has lectured before manv instiniiior-s of 
learning, and educational conventions. Wtii'e in 
1 cliarge of Trinitv Church, his constant effort was % 
i to develop the religious life of the young people. 
His labor was unceasing to bring the Church close 
[ to the hearts of the people, and in this he v.-as 
j eminently successful. i\Ir. Fry has been a frequent 
; contributor to the press, was associate editor for 
! some years of Clrristian Culture, and. a member of 
• the boanl of trustees of tiie Pennsylvania Cr.autau- 
; qua. He was ])resident of the Lanv^^ster Center of 
I University Extension from, its inception in the citv 
; until his removal to his present nittropnlitan field 
j of labor, whicii occurred Jan. i. root, when he be- 
' came pastor of St. Luk-e's L.tuh.eran Church, in 
Philadel{>hia. of the ..insl important churches 
in his denomination m the Slate. He !S also tlie 



Literature Secretary of the Luther League of 
America, haviiv^f entire charg'e of injipping' out its 
various readinc;- courses and student efforts. The 
Sunday scliool of Trinity Church is one of its prin- 
cipal features, and i\Jr. Fry devoted much of his 
time to its interests. The sin.^incf of oratorio an- 
thems by the youngs people, and the music on great 
festivals, was proverbial as the standard of compari- 
son in the community. 

On June q, i8or, Rev. ilr. Fry was married, the 
tenth anniversarv of liis ordination, to Miss Laura 
F., only daug^htc-r of Henry .M. Housekeeper, a re- 
tired architect and builder in Philadelnhia. The 
summer of tliat year the}' spent on a bridal tour in 
Europe visiting Holland. Belgium, Switzerland, 
Italy, France and England. C^n their return they 
were extended a public reception in which all de- 
nominations participated. Mr. Fry was the prime 
mover in the refined entertainments that were given 
every month in the court house during the winter of 
1S90-91, free of cost to the laboring classes, and was 
for years an active worker in a number of literary 
societies of the city. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Frv has been 
blessed by the birth of two cliiklron : Henry Jacob. 
born ]\ray :;, 1S02; and Ch:Lr]L.-s Luther. March x6. 
1894. A more ideal family relation can hardly be 
found than that which exists in their home, Mr. 
Fry is as devoted to Iris family as to the Cluircb, 
and to th.e great reforming .mil uplifting agencies 
of life. He is a friend of the poor and a helper 
to the needy. The descendant of a long line of 
Lutheran ancestors from the early days in tlie 
Palatinate, he wears worthily the mantle of his 

the founder and present popular rector of St. An- 
thony's Roman Catholic Church, of Lancaster, is also 
Dean of York and Lancaster counties, the bishop of 
the diocese having conferred the title of Dean upon 
him in July. iSo.v On June 13, 1894, ^he feast of the 
Patron .Saint of the church, occurred his silver 
jubilee, commemorating the twenty-five years that 
had elapsed since his ordination, an event of sur- 
passing and memorable interest to the congregation 
of St. Anthony and to the commtmity in general. 

Father Kaul was born in Sinsheim. Baden, 
Germany, June 8, 1846, and his father. Pinnin 
Kaul, was born in tiie same localitv I\lay 20, iSoS, 
a son of John Kaul, of French descent. Pirmin 
Kaul v.-as a tailor bv occupation, and he was also 
engaged in the manufacture of epaulets and military 
regalia. He was married, Nov. 28. 1830. to !Miss 
Magdelene, daughter of George Philip Dick, Bur- 
gomaster of Grumbach. Baden ; she was born Feb. 
20, .1S04, in Grurnliach. Early in 1S47 -^li". and 
Mrs. Kaul embarked on an English sailing vessel 
at Antu-erp, and after a stormy voyage of forty- 
seven days landed in New "S'ork city, July 7th. 
Going to Pliiladelphia. they remained tliere a short 

time, and then went to Reading, where they reside:! 
for about six months. In April, 184S, Pinnin Kaii! 
located on a farm two miles from Adamstown, 
Lancaster county, where he engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until Aug. 15, 1852. From that time until 
1S62 he was engaged in the hotel business m Read- 
ing, afier wliich he retired to private life. In 1877 
he cariie to Lancaster, where he made liis home 
until his death, which occurred June 5, 1SS3. at the 
ripe age of seventy-five years. Politically Pirmin 
Kaul was a Democrat, and in religious belief he was 
a Roman Catholit:. JMrs. Kaul made her home with 
Father Kaul until a few years ago, when she was 
called to her reward. In her will she left a bequest 
for the erection of a clock in th.e tower of the 
beloved St. Anthony's church, and this clock has 
come to be regarded as a veritable public blessing, 
particularly to the people of the eastern side of the 
cit}'. Of the seven children of Pirmin and Magde- 
lene (Dick) Katil, all but one reached adult age. 
and are still living: (i) Annette became :he wife 
of Christian Burger, of Reading, Pa,; (2) John 
H., a retired merchant, lives in this city: (3) 
Joseph, now known as Brother Leopold, is professor 
of music in Notre Dame University, South Bend, 
Ind. ; (4) Mary \V., housekeeper for Father Kanl. 
teaches painting and kindred branches at the 
Sacred Ifcart Academy: (5) Elizabeth, now sister 
M. StinisJai's. a sister of the Holy Cross and an 
adept in music, is Superior of the Sacred Heart 
Academy, Lancaster: (6) the Very Rev. Anthony 
F. Kaul, of Lancaster, is the youngest of the 

Father Kaul passed his early years in the public 
and parochial schools at Reailing, Pa. In 1S62 he 
became a student in St. Charles Preparatory Sem.i- 
nary, GIqzi Riddle, Pa., which school uas then 
under tli; direction of the late Risho[) Shanahan. 
After completing the classical course Father Kaul 
-entered St. Charles Theological Sem.iji.ary, on 
Eighteenth and Race streets, Philadelphia, where 
he pursued his philosophical and theological course, 
and was ordained Aug. 22. 1869, at Harrisbi;rg, by 
Bishop Slianahan, first bishop of that diocese. The 
vcung priest was sent to Lancaster as assistant to 
the late Father F. L. Newfeld. of St. Joseph's 
church, arriving Sept. 24, 1S69. In the spring of the 
following year it was decided to form a new parish 
from St. Jospeh's congregation, the boundary lines 
being set by the bishop. This comprised all ea^t of 
North Water. South Queen and Strawberry 
streets. The church, which is located at the corner 
of Ann and Orange streets, was founded in April, 
T870, b\ Father Kaul, who worked indefatieably 
to achieve this end. The lot on which the structure 
stands is 245x340 feet, and was purchased for 
$3,500; at tlie time it was used as a cornfield. The 
cornerstone was laid 14. 1S70, m the presence 
of a large concourse. Rev. Father I\IcGinnis, of 
Danville. Pa., being deputed by tl;e l2te Very Rev. 
Bernard Keenan, administrator of the diocese 

/"^^^ti^^^w^ <^^;ccc^ 



during ilie absence of the bishop at the Vatican 
Council at Rome, to take charge o£ the ceremonv. 
For the first four years the basement was used for 
church services, this portion being dedicated April 
9, 1871, by Rl. Rev. i3ishop Shanahan. The edifice 
was completed and dedicated .May 17, 1S75. The 
church, which is 142 feet in length and 65 feet in 
width, is built of brick, and ornamented with brown 
stone; the. buttresses are capped with the same kind 
of stone. The heighth of the walls above the 
foundation is 3S feet, while the height of the cone 
of the roof is about 80 fce.t. In the front of the 
church is a tower of brick about 115 feet in height, 
which makes the steeple the highest in the city. 
The building stands back some distance from and 
faces on Orange street, and is entered by three 
massive doors of solid walnut, which lead into a 
roomy and well-arranged vestibule. From the 
vestibule arc doors that lead into the church, and a 
stairway that leads into the gallery. The audience 
room is decidedly the handsomest in the city; it is 
about TOO feet long. 63 feet wide and 50 feet high 
from the floor to the top of the arched ceihng. The 
wainscoting, pews and other woodwork are finished 
in walnut and ash. The cliancel. which is raised 
four steps, is enclosed with a heavy walnut railing 
and carpeted with fine brussels. The ceiling is 
formed by a Gothic arch springing from the side 
walls and flattened at the toj). Bet-ween the windows 
are heavy Gothic ribs resting in brackets and reach- 
ing to the flattened part of the ceiling. From each 
end of these massive ribs, which are beautifully 
■frescoed, depend large drops, two feet or more in 
length, of liandsome pattern and finished in gold. 
The gas fixtures comprise ten pedestal lights, being 
of gold and bronze, and of new and handsome 
design, placed in two rows, equi-distant from, the 
middle and side aisles. On either side of the altar 
are scroll brackets with five burners each, and 
suspended from the ceiling in front of the altar 
hangs a large sanctuary lamp, which is kept con- 
■stantly burning. This is surmounted by a very 
beautiful glasr. globe, rose red in color. Immediately 
behind the principal altar is a life-size and very 
excellent picture of the crucifixion, painted by the 
late Louis Reingruber. the well known artist of Lan- 
caster. On either side are paintings of equal size, 
representing the Nativity of Christ and the Adora- 
tion of the Magi. On the east and west slopes of the 
ceiling are portraits of all the apostles. The 
fourteen large oil paintings representmg the 
stations are framed in walnut ; they are copies of 
De Schwanden. the famous IMunich artist. On 
either side of the sanctuary arch is an angel with 
outspread wings and folded hands, and above the 
arch is an angel holding a scroll bearing the words 
Eccc tabcrnacitlnm Dei. The shading of the ground 
■work is stone color, so handsomely intermingled 
■^vith brighter shades and hues, howe\'er, as to be 
difficult of description. Nearly every panel con- 
tains the picture of a saint, and around these are 

i twined a perfect wilderness of arches, columns, 

I ribs, scrolls, etc. Besides the main altar there are two 

! other altars in the main a'.idience room. The main 

■ altar stands within a large arched recess, at the 

: extreme end of the churcl;. and it is painted pure 

white, tipped with gold. It is eighteen feet in 

height from the top of the "exposition" to the base. 

The figure of an adoring angel stands on a pedestal 

on either side of the altar, while upon the top of 

the altar are placed six candlesticks, each nine feet 

tliree inches in height. On both sides of the m.ain 

altar, and a little farther to the front, are two 

smaller altars, also placed within handsomely 

1 frescoed arches. One is St. Mary's and the other 

' St. Joseph's. They are of handsome design, and 

i on them are placed respectively statues of the 

Blessed Virgin and St. Joseph. The lofty windov/s 

, of the ch.urch are of beautiful design, and set with 

i stained glass of many brilliant colors. The upper 

! sash of each window contains two figures of saints. 

I All the windows and paintings have been presented 

i by m.embers or friends of the parish. The three 

sm.all windows above th.e sanctuary contain pictures 

; of the blessed sacrament, and adoring angels anr 

I represented on ciflicr side. The gallery is in the 

{ south end of the audience room and extends 

1 entirely across it. It is supported by handsome 

j colum.ns and is reached bv a .st^rway built in the 

j vestibule of the church. The ^air-wav and the 

gallery are wainscoted in solid walnut. The church 

j has a seating capacitv of 1.200 people, anrl cost 

! over .$60,000. The grand pipe organ is valued at 

' 85,000, and the gold embroidered vestm.ents were 

I purchased at a cost of $2,000. 

I In the fall of 1871 a parochial school was opened 
j in the basement of the church, with two lay teachers, 
\ and two years later th.e present teachers, Sisters of 
I the Holy Cross, Notre Dame, Ind., took charge, and 
; also opened an academy and boarding school for 
! voung ladies, known as the Sacred Heart Academy. 
1 In the spring of iS7(5 Father Kaul purchased a lot 
j opposite the church, on the southeast corner of Ann 
I and Orange streets, for S4.300. on which was 
i erected the academy, a three-story and basement 
j brick building, fitted out with all modern improve- 
I ments. Every facility is afforded in this high-class 
j and '.videly-known institution for the education of 
I young ladies, the curriculum embracing not only 
I the various branches of elementary studies, but 
! deportment, physical culture and evervthing that 
j goes to the mak:ing of perfect womanhood. Special 
j attention is given to music and art. and every atten- 
j tion is paid to the comfort and training of pupils — 
I the place being noted for its homelike and elevating 
I environments. 

j In the year 5S72 a temporary parochial resi- 
dence was built to the cast of the church, and in 
j 1873 five acres of land for cemetery purposes were 
\ purcha.scd in the extension of Orange street. In 
1 1802 a like number of acres, adjoining tiie old 
cemeterv, were bu'iught. and this is now known as St. 




Anthony's -cemetery. In T896, for the benefit of 
the young men of the parish, a commodious and 
finely appointed brick bnildinc: of three stories and 
basement was erected, the first floor being used 
as a school, the second for library purpoies and the 
third for a hall, while the basement is devoted to a 

The handsomest rectory in all Lancaster has 
been erected on the lot west of the church and con- 
nected with the church by a gallery. The various 
societies of the church are in a flourishing' condi- 
tion, the most prominent of these being St. 
Anthony's Beneficial Society and the Sodality of the 
Blessed Virgin and of the Guardian Angel. T!ie 
congregation now numbers about three hundred 

In 1881 Father Kaul went to Europe, traveling 
extensively in Ireland, Scotland, England. France, 
Germany and Italy. A\'hile in Rome he had an 
jnten-iew with Pope Leo XJII, froni whom he 
received the papal blessing, and upon his return to 
his congregation conferred it upon them. In 1S86 
he made a second trip to Europe, passing most of 
his timiC in Germany ; and in if)00, liis eyesight 
having become seriously impaired, he again made a 
voyage to Europe, this time to consult specialists. 

Such is a brief and necessarily imperfect 
• glimpse of Father Kaul, his ancestry, and the parish 
which he founded, and which, he has nourislied into 
its present grand proportions. To tell the complete 
story of his noble life and work would in itself fill 
a volume. He has been intercstcil in the general 
welfare of Lancaster also, and was one of tlie 
active promoters of the Eastern Market — of such 
great benefit to the eastern part of the city. The 
appreciation of his work — as well as of Father Kaul 
personally — was fully attested when, in 1900. he 
made the trip to Europe to consult noted oculists ; 
prayers were uttered by everv lip for a safe return 
and a full restoration of health and eyesight, and 
this alone showed how deep a hold he had on the 
hearts of the people, regardless of denomination. 

JOHN ROLAND, formerlv both a stationary 
engineer and a farmer, with his residence in West 
Hempfield township, Lancaster county, Pa., was 
born in the Rhine province of Prussia. Tune 19. 
1833. to Adolph and Gertrude (Steimel)" Roland. 

The Roland family came to America in 1852 and 
for two months lived in New Jersey, whence with 
only two dollars among them came to Lancas- 
ter county and located at Chestnut Hill, in West 
Hem.pfield township, where they remained until 
1S62. when, with the exception of Jolm, thev moved 
to Columbia, near which citv the father was em- 
ployed in farming. The father. Adolph Roland, 
died in Columbia in Mav. 1864. when seventv vears 
old, and the mother, Gertrude (Steimel) Roland, 
died in 1850. aged seventy-one \ears, and the re- 
mains of both were interred in the Catholic ceme- 
tery at Columbia, as thev liad been devout members 

of that church during the entire period of their 
earthly pilgrimage. Their marriage was blessed 
with the following children : Alargaret, deceased 
wife of John Caker; Christina, wife of Harmon 
W egand, of Columbia ; John : Theodore, a coal mer- 
chant in Columbia: Helen, deceased wife of W. \. 
Shaffer, a druggist of Philadelphia; Rev. Frank, 
who was studying for the priesth.ood, but died at 
\"incent College : and Feronigal. who died voung in 
New York. 

John Roland began working for himself in 1853, 
in the ore banks in West Hempfield township for 
the New York Iron Ore Company and continued 
with this company until April. 1884, when he pur- 
chased liis present farm of thirtv-seven acres. 

On April 27, 1S63, John Roland married Agnes 
Sheit in Lancaster and to this union there were born 
twelve children, in the following order: Theodore, 
a stationary engineer at Columbia : John, who died 
voung: i^eter. a music dealer in Columbia; Eliza- 
beth, in Lancaster : Andrew, who died at the age of 
twenty years: Joseph, who died young; Marv. in 
Lancaster; Agnes and Barbara, at home: William, 
in Columbia : Clara, at home ; and Charles, ' who 
diefi young. 

.Mrs. -Agnes (Sheit) Rolau'l. like her husband,. 
>vas born in the Rhine province of Prussia, 
birth occurring Mav 5, 1S40, and her parents be- 
ing Peter and Elizabeth (Caber) Sheit, who came 
to America in 1850, and settled in Lancaster coun- 
ty. Pa., where the father died in 1872, and the 
mother in 1S88. the latter at the age of seventv- 
eight. To Peter and Elizalieth Sheit were born four 
cr.ildren, viz : .-\gnes. named above ; Catherine, de- 
ceased : .Anna, deceased, and Barbara, wife of Tohr^ 
Kirch, of Lancaster. 

Mr. Roland has made a success of life and by 
strict integrity and industrious habits has secured 
a competency. Besides his farm he owns other 
property in West Hempfield township, and pri\s- 
perity attends his every effort. He and his faniilv 
are devoted members of the Catholic Church, to the 
support of which they ever contribute most liber- 
ally : in politics Mr. Roland is a Republican, but has 
never been willing to accept public office. 

ALFRED H. WORREST. son of Henry ^^■. and 
Hannah (.Sweigart) Worrest, was born July 28, 
1855, in Salisbury township, Lancaster countv. Pa. 
Henrv W. Worrest, a son of Peter and i\Iargaret 
CFierree") Worrest, the former a farmer, was born at 
Parkesburo-, Chester Co.. Pa., in 1822, and died in 
1884. Hannah (Sweigart) Vi'orrest, daughter of 
Isaac and Leah (Reidcnl>auo-h) Sweigart, farming 
people, was born near New Holland. Lancaster Co., 
Pa., in 1.S25, and died in 1S98. Alfred H. Worrest 
comes of two of the old families of this section, both 
his grandfathers having operated teams between 
Philadelphia and Pittsljurg, Pa., before the days of 
railroad'. So;ne of the family have dropped the 
"re" and spell th.e naine Worst.' 




Henry Vv'. Worrest, father of Alfred H., was well 
and favorably known in the district in which he 
lived. He was a 'member of the Episcopal Church, 
his %\ife a Lutheran; both are buried in St. 
John's cemetery, Compassville, Chester Co., Pa. 
Their children were as follows : -Alfred H., living 
in Lancaster, Pa. ; Harry, deceased ; Charles 3., a 
farmer, living m Nebraska ; I\Iiss Lizzie L. and Miss 
Annie 3.1. , of Pequea, Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania. 

Until he was twenty-one years of age Mr. Wor- 
rest remained wid; his father, assisting on the farm, 
and receiving remuneration in board and clothes. 
Any time tliat he coakl get off from the farm work 
v/as spent in selling agricultural implements to the 
fanners of the neighborhood. The following year 
he was employed by his uncle. John P. Sweigart, at 
the "^Jansion House" at Gajj, Lancaster Co., Pa. 
The succeeding two \ears he spent in raising to- 
bacco and selling agncuitural implements, having as- 
sociated I'imselt the second year with his cousin, T. 
K. Sweigart. under the ilrm name of Worrest & 
Sweigart, Pequea, Pa. They then sold a full line of 
these implements. This firm was dissolved in 18S2, 
by mutual consent, Air. Worrest having accepted a 
position with the Genesee Wdley Manufacturing 
Company, of Mt. 3Iorris, N. Y., to represent them as 
general agent for eastern Pennsylvania and adjoin- 
ing States. This position lie. held for eight years, 
during which time he invented wh;it is known as the 
Royal Fertilizer Fcedei; for grain drills, and wliich 
is used by this company on their drills, tliey having 
a license under the patents to manufacture it. After 
severing his connection with the above mentioned 
company Mr. Worrest settled on a f