Skip to main content

Full text of "The Biographical dictionary and portrait gallery of representative men of Chicago and the World's Columbian Exposition"

See other formats

'L I E> R.AR.Y 


Return this book on or before the 
Latest Date stamped below. 

Theft, mutilation, and underlining of books 
are reasons for disciplinary action and may 
result in dismissal from the University. 
University of Illinois Library 


L161 O-1096 
















I* 1 . 


r I "'HE compiling and publishing in permanent form, biographies of our successful 

and representative business and professional men is of comparatively recent date. 

Our work in this line began in 1873 ; and such has been the favor with which our 


former books have been received by our patrons and the public, that we were encour- 


aged to prepare this volume to be issued simultaneously with the celebration of the 
four hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. 

The value of such a work is commensurate with the character of those whose life- 
histories it contains, and the accuracy of the statements that are made concerning 
them. We have tried to exercise due care in selecting our subjects and in avoiding 
superfluous statements the task has been a difficult one and while we have spared 
neither time, labor, nor money, in carrying out our purpose, our experience teaches 
us not to flatter ourselves that we have, in every instance, realized our ideal. 

The large number of steel-plate portraits with which this volume is adorned, are 
life-likenesses wrought in the highest style of the engraver's art. 

Our earnest purpose has been to make a book that should be worthy of the time 
and the subject-matter represented. In as far as we have done this, our success is 
the highest reward we could ask. Wherein we have failed, we may be pardoned if 
we crave that indulgence which, we believe, a generous public will cheerfully grant 
to those who have conscientiously tried to do their best. 









MR. ARMOUR is distinctively American. 
So were his ancestors both lineal and col- 
lateral for generations. In the early history of 
the paternal wing of the family, special mention 
is made of the ancestors as having " bright ideas, 
and noted for their clever acts." The maternal 
branch of the family is of old Puritan stock, and 
said to possess an unusual amount of good com- 
mon-sense. Such was the ancestry of Danforth 
Armour and Julianna Brooks, the father and 

They left Union, Conn., September, 1825, and 
settled at Stockbridge, Madison Co., N. Y., where 
Philip D. Armour was born, May 16, 1832. 
There were six brothers and two sisters. Farm- 
ing was their occupation. Habitual frugality 
and industry were the fundamental principles and 
characteristic features of the parents. These 
family tenets were laid down in their simplest 
forms and instilled with human sunshine into the 
life of each child. Their school days were the 
best the local red school-house could afford. 
Some of the children were fortunate enough to 
attend the neighboring village seminary. This 
was the case with Philip, and many are the anec- 
dotes that are related of him. He was genial to 
a degree, healthy, resolute and strong ; he held 
his own wherever events found him ; not a fol- 
lower, but a leader, of his schoolmates, as latter 
events were bound to make him among his fellow- 

During the winter of 1851 and 1852, the ex- 

citement attending the gold discovery in Cali- 
fornia having spread over the country, a party 
was organized to make the overland trip. Mr. 
Armour was invited to join them, and was in- 
fluenced by a growing desire to get out into the 
world. A country life on Stockbridge hills was 
too obscure for one so tempered. He was enter- 
ing his manhood, and to go was only to satisfy 
his ambition. The party left Oneida, N. Y., in 
the spring of 1852, and reached California six 
months later. In making this trip they were not 
exempt from the trials and dangers attending 
similar journeys. 

A miner's life, as everyone knows, has its pri- 
vations and uncomfortable surroundings. These 
were not to be endured in vain. The pitfalls and 
vices so common in a country that was turned 
over to so many adventurers could not find 
lodgment with one of so resolute a character and 
fixed a purpose. The vicissitudes of his early 
experience rather tended to broaden his views 
and knit together his dominant characteristics. 

In 1856 he returned to the East and visited his 
parents, whom he always held in reverential 
affection. He minutely laid before them all he 
had accomplished during his absence. To a few 
of the most intimate friends of the family the 
father whispered the fact of the young man hav- 
ing brought back some money with him. 

After remaining with them for a few weeks, he 
once more turned westward and finally located in 
Milwaukee, where he formed a co-partnership and 


entered the commission business with Frederick 
B. Miles. After a successful run they dissolved 
in 1863. The dogmatic and persistent way in 
which he pursued his business, his characteristic 
manner in grasping out for new ideas, brought 
him prominently before his fellow townspeople. 
Though yet young, he was looked upon by many 
with almost envy at the prestige he had attained. 

In the spring of 1863, there occurred what later 
years proved the forerunner of a very successful 
business engagement in the joint co-partnership 
arrangement between Jno. Plankinton and Philip 
Armour. Mr. Plankinton had been for some 
years previously engaged in the pork-packing 
industry with Frederick Layton. This firm had 
dissolved as that also of Miles & Armour before 
mentioned. Mr. Plankinton was Mr. Armour's 
senior, and had been a resident of Milwaukee for 
a much longer period. He had established a most 
thriving business, which had been conducted with 
unerring judgment. He stood high as a mer- 
chant and commanded the respect of all as a 
public-spirited citizen. This was Mr. Armour's 
opportunity. How well he handled himself and 
the business that fell to him, the history of the 
commercial world is alone our witness. To the 
pork-packing business of Mr. Plankinton he 
brought that unremitting labor and concentration 
of thought that were so peculiarly his own. The 
fluctuations in the price of provisions at the 
closing scenes of the war left the firm with a 
fortune. This with the developments of the 
country gave them an opportunity of extending 
their growing business. 

At Chicago, in 1862, Mr. Armour's brother, 
Herman O. Armour, had established himself in 
the grain commission business, but was induced 
to surrender this to a younger brother, Joseph F. 
Armour, in 1865, and take charge of a new firm 
in New York, then organized under the name of 
Armour, Plankinton & Co. The organization of 
the New York House was most obvious. The 
financial condition of the West at that period 
did not permit of large lines of credit necessary 
for the conducting of a business assuming such 
magnitude, and it was, therefore, as events proved, 
most fortunate that the duties devolving on the 
head of this house should fall to one so well 
qualified to handle them. He was not only equal to 
the emergency, but soon became favorably known 

as a man possessing great financial ability, and 
was, in fact, the Eastern financial agent of all the 
Western houses. 

The firm name of H. O. Armour & Co. was 
continued at Chicago until 1870. They continued 
to handle grain, and commenced packing hogs in 
1868. This part of the business, however, was 
conducted under the firm name of Armour & Co., 
and in 1870 they assumed all the business trans- 
acted at Chicago. The business of all these 
houses, under their efficient managements, grew 
to dimensions that were the marvel of the trade. 
Their brands became as well known in all the 
markets of the world as at home. 

It became evident in 1871 that the stock pro- 
ducing power of the country was migrating west- 
ward, and in order to keep abreast of the times 
they established at Kansas City the firm known 
as Plankinton & Armours. This enterprise was 
under the immediate supervision of Mr. Simeon 
B. Armour, an elder brother. The failing health 
of Joseph, at Chicago, necessitated assistance, 
and Milwaukee, as we have already seen, had 
brains to spare; consequently Philip moved to 
Chicago in 1875, where he has since resided. 

The fraternal feelings manifested on every 
occasion for the welfare and prosperity of his 
own family were noticeable in the organization of 
the Armour Bros. Banking Co., at Kansas City, 
Mo., in 1879. At that time there remained at 
the old homestead at Stockbridge, the last of the 
Armours, Andrew Watson. This new institution 
was created for this brother, and he assumed the 
presidency of its management, conducting its 
affairs with signal ability. As an illustration of the 
acuteness and quick perception which is the fam- 
ily trait, we must be allowed to digress and relate 
an incident of this man. Soon after first having 
been installed in office, a member of a Montreal 
firm, who had enjoyed extensive transactions with 
the Chicago house, and stood high in commercial 
circles, while at Kansas City, on his way to a 
depot from his hotel, it occurred to him he had 
not sufficient money to procure the necessary 
transportation to a point in Texas where he was 
en route. Looking around he noticed the bank- 
ing sign and thought of his relations with the 
Chicago house. It occurred to him that the 
bank might be induced to cash a draft on his 
Montreal house for twenty-five dollars, notwith- 


standing he was a total stranger. He applied to 
the teller and related his story, who promptly 
refused, but told him he had better see the cash- 
ier. He also declined, but told him to lay the 
matter before Mr. Armour. So, for the third 
time, he repeated his story to Mr. Armour, who 
asked him if twenty-five dollars was not a pretty 
small amount, and if he would not be better 
pleased with fifty dollars. He replied in the nega- 
tive, and said twenty-five dollars was sufficient. 
As quick as a flash the farmer president told him 
he could have the money. If he had been a 
rascal he would have taken the fifty dollars. It is 
needless to say the draft was paid. 

It is not to be wondered at that the manage- 
ment of the many millions that were invested at 
the other points mentioned, should take their cue 
and follow in the footsteps of the wise and in- 
trepid California pioneer at Chicago. This was 
done invariably with alacrity, and so harmonious- 
ly that it has made them all renowned. It is im- 
possible to convey to one not familiar with the 
scope of the business its magnitude. The dis- 
tributive sales of the Chicago house alone are in 
excess of the gross receipts of any railroad cor- 
poration of the world. Even in a business of 
these dimensions there was nothing too great for 
Mr. Armour to handle, nothing so small that he 
could overlook. 

Mr. Armour's capacity for work is something 
wonderful. He is at his desk by 7 A. M., and fre- 
quently before. Fatigue is an unknown term. 
He has traveled extensively, but wherever time 
has found him, it has been among those who con- 
sumed his products, and where, necessarily, his 
agencies had been established, his mind would 
turn intuitively to his industries, and thus his 
recreation became a source by which he qualified 
himself as to the merits of his representatives as 
well as the requirements of the people and their 
condition. He is a close observer, and can give as 
clear and accurate a forecast of the coming finan- 
cial condition of the country as it is possible 
to do. 

At the earnest solicitation of the late Alex. 
Mitchell, he became one of the directory of the 
St. Paul Railway. This is the only office he has 
ever held. Political preferment is not the bent 
of his mind or his ambition. He was never 
known to occupy a public office. 

Mr. Armour was married to Belle Ogden, at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, in October, 1862. She was the 
only daughter of Jonathan Ogden. In making 
mention of this circumstance, it must occur to 
anyone who has been fortunate enough to have 
been at all intimate with the family history, that 
their home life has been singularly happy. 
Domestic economy was no more truly one of 
the hearthstones of Mr. Armour's inheritance 
than it was of Mrs. Armour's. These family pre- 
cepts were laid down and fostered in every way. 
They have two sons, Jonathan Ogden and Philip 
D., both under thirty years of age, and active 
partners with their father. He has made them 
millionaires. It can safely be said they will carry 
their honors gracefully and with becoming mod- 
esty. They are quiet in manner; nothing can 
agitate them, and it is pretty sure guessing that 
the name of Armour will never be tarnished by 
their acts. 

Their father, the most affable of men, approach- 
able, notwithstanding his great cares and re- 
sponsibilities, leaves all of this at his office and 
enters his family circle to find that joy and con- 
tentment which alone springs from an adminis- 
tration of home life that is so simple, gracious, 
and of such an. unostentatious character. 

In January, 1881, Joseph F. Armour died, and 
bequeathed one hundred thousand dollars for the 
founding of a charitable institution. He wisely 
directed that the carrying out of his benevolent 
design should be chiefly entrusted to his brother, 
the subject of this sketch. In accepting the trust 
so imposed, he has given to it the same energetic 
and critical attention that he has given to his 
private affairs, and has added a large amount to 
his brother's bequest. 

And it may also be said of Mr. Armour, that 
while he is disposed to be liberal in his religious 
views, his time on the Sabbath day is mainly 
given to the churches of his choosing. In the 
afternoon of every Sunday during the year this 
wonderful protege, founded by his brother, and 
cherished by himself, receives his individual 
care and attention, and it is the individuality of 
the patron that gives so much life to the insti- 

It is this combination of industry, untiring 
energy and philanthropy that has made the name 
of Philip D. Armour not only so. potent in the 



West, but a recognized leader among the mer- 
chants of the world. 

Such is a brief history of a man who, by his own 
energy, perseverance and indomitable strength of 
character, has achieved a reputation that entitles 
him to rank among the leading merchants of the 
world, due alone to his keen foresight and 
honesty of purpose, and a bright example 
to the rising generation of what can be accom- 
plished by untiring energy and attention to busi- 

His success has been truly wonderful, and due 
alone to his individual efforts. One of the most 
active of men, never idle, and keeping his wealth 
in motion for the interests of the city he lives 
in, his name in commercial circles is a tower of 
strength, and with him there is no such word as 
"fail" in anything he undertakes. Of medium 
height, with a keen and expressive eye, he is to- 
day the embodiment of health, and it is to be 
hoped he may "live long" to enjoy the fruits of 
his industrious life. 



THE subject of this biography has been a 
resident of Chicago for thirty-seven years 
and during that time has come to be known as 
one of the leading financiers, not only of that 
city, but also of the nation. He is a native of 
Madison county, New York, and was born in 
1836, the son of Eli A. Gage, one of the early 
settlers of that county, and a hatter by occupa- 
tion. When seventeen years of age, Lyman 
closed his studies in school, and accepting a posi- 
tion in the Oneida Central Bank at Rome, New 
York, began that business career in which he 
achieved a most laudable success, and made for 
himself an honorable name. In 1855 he removed 
to Chicago, and for some three years was em- 
ployed by a lumber and planing-mill firm, located 
at the corner of Canal and Adams streets. His 
natural liking for the banking business, however, 
led him to make a change as soon as a suitable 
opportunity offered, and in 1858 he became a 
book-keeper for the Merchants' Loan and Trust 
Company of Chicago, at a salary of five hundred 
dollars per annum, and held that position till 1863, 
when he was made assistant cashier of the bank. 
During this time Mr. Gage made a careful study 
of the banking business, familiarizing himself with 
all its minutest details, and came to be known in 
local financial circles as a man of progressive yet 
conservative ideas, and unusual executive ability. 
In recognition of this ability and fitness he was, 
a few months later, made cashier of the First 
National Bank of Chicago, which had been organ- 
ized May I, 1863, with a capital of $100,000, 

which was speedily increased to $1,000,000, with 
Mr. E. Aiken as president ; Mr. Samuel W. Aller- 
ton, vice-president ; Mr. E. E. Braisten, cashier, 
and Messrs. E. Aiken, S. W. Allerton, S. G. D. 
Howard, B. P. Hutchinson, Samuel M. Nickerson, 
Tracy J. Brown, John B. Sherman, Byron Rice 
and E. G. Hale as directors. Upon the death of 
Mr. Aiken, in 1867, Mr. Samuel M. Nickerson was 
elected president, and in August of the following 
year Mr. Gage was made cashier. The bank was 
at that time located at the southwest corner of 
Clark and Lake streets, but afterwards was 
removed to the southwest corner of State and 
Washington streets. During the general conflag- 
ration of October 9, 1871, its safes and vaults 
were but little damaged and not a security or 
valuable was lost, and after a temporary removal, 
on January i, 1872, again occupied its rebuilt 
structure. The capital remained $1,000,000 until 
the expiration of the charter in 1882, when the 
reserve or surplus fund over and above dividends 
was found to be over $1,800,000. In May of that 
year a new organization was effected under the 
same designation, with a cash capital of $3,000,- 
ooo, with Samuel M. Nickerson as president ; 
Lyman J. Gage, vice-president ; H. R. Symonds, 
cashier; H. M. Kingman, assistant cashier, and 
R. J. Street, second assistant cashier, and the 
business was removed to its present magnificent 
building at the northwest corner of Dearborn and 
Monroe streets. During the time since the new 
organization Mr. Gage has been the general man- 
ager and chief executive officer of the institution, 



and has come to be recognized as among the 
most far-sighted, broad-minded and substantial 
bankers of his time. He is now president of the 

In 1883 he was elected president of the Ameri- 
can Bankers' Association, at their meeting held in 
Louisville, and the following year was re-elected 
at the meeting of the association in Saratoga. 
He was one of the prime movers in the economi- 
cal conference of 1888-89, looking to the welfare 
and interests of wage workers. From the incipi- 

ency of the World's Columbian Exposition he 
has been untiring in his efforts in its behalf and 
foremost among its promoters, and from his com- 
manding position, and in recognition of his emi- 
nent fitness, was naturally selected as president of 
its local Board of Directors, bringing to the office, 
as he did, the ripe fruitage of a rich and varied 
experience in financial and business affairs. Mr. 
Gage is now serving as a member of the local 
Board of Directors and is one of the most ac- 
tive members of that body. 



THE subject of this biography is pre-eminent- 
ly a Chicago product, than whom no one 
is worthier of representation in a work illustra- 
ting the lives and deeds of leading men. 

A native of Lynn, Massachusetts, he was born 
on March 7, 1854, the son of Benjamin P. Hutch- 
inson and Sarah M. (Ingalls) Hutchinson. The 
father is one of Chicago's most successful busi- 
ness men, whose operations in the commercial 
world, and especially on the Chicago Board of 
Trade, have won for him a national reputation as 
a far-sighted financier, a shrewd trader and a man 
of indomitable will and unfaltering courage. The 
mother of our subject is a woman of exemplary 
Christian character, esteemed and loved for her 
kindness and nobility of character and her chari- 
table and benevolent deeds. When Charles was 
two years old, his parents removed to Chicago, 
where he received his education in the public 
schools, growing up with the growth of the city. 
Upon his graduation from the High School in 
1873, being then seventeen years of age, he at 
once engaged in business with his father, and 
began that business career which has, throughout, 
been characterized by persevering energy, unflag- 
ging enterpriseand honorable dealing, and crowned 
with success. His first year in business was in 
the grain trade ; the second in the packing busi- 
ness, after which he was for three years connected 
with his father's banking house, in every depart- 
ment of which he became thoroughly versed, 
making the business a special study. On the 
organization of the Corn Exchange Bank, Mr. 

Hutchinson was made president. Under his 
careful and able management this has prospered, 
increasing in public esteem until it stands to-day 
one of the solid and substantial financial institu- 
tions of Chicago. As a member of the Chicago 
Board of Trade he is held in high esteem and in 
recognition of his ability and fitness as an execu- 
tive officer and leader, his fellow members in 
1888 elected him president of that organization. 
He is largely interested in Chicago's packing 
interests ; is a director in the Chicago Packing and 
Provision Co.; a director in the Chicago Street 
Railway Co.; a director in the Auditorium Co., 
and officially connected with other business and 
financial concerns. 

Aside from his business relations, Mr. Hutch- 
inson has always shown a commendable public- 
spiritedness, and has always stood ready to devote 
his time and energy and money to the welfare of 
Chicago and the public good. To his enterpris- 
ing spirit and personal effort is, in large measure, 
due the renown of the Art Institute of Chicago, 
of which he is president, and to which he has 
contributed time and money without stint. As 
an instance of his deep interest, it may be stated 
that in order to secure for the Institute a valuable 
collection of celebrated paintings, he and Mr. 
Martin A. Ryerson voluntarily advanced $200,000. 
After the selection of Chicago by the United 
States Congress as the place in which to hold the 
World's Columbian Exposition, Mr. Hutchinson 
was one of the forty-five men who, by reason of 
their peculiar fitness, were chosen by the stock- 



holders as directors of that mammoth organi- 

He is a man of intense activity, and notwith- 
standing his extended business relations, has found 
time to travel extensively, having made several 
European trips, from which, and his careful 
observation and study of men and things, he has 
acquired a most valuable fund of information that 
renders him at once an instructive and interesting 
conversationalist and charming companion. In 
his personal characteristics Mr. Hutchinson com- 
bines the business ability, keen foresight, persever- 
ance and nerve of his father with the Christian 

virtues, amiability, generosity and goodness of 
heart of his mother, and is, in the truest sense, a 
high-minded gentleman. 

Mr. Hutchinson is a leading member of St. 
Paul's Universalist Church, and superintendent 
of the Sunday-school, in which he takes great 
pride. In political sentiment he is a Repub- 
lican, and takes an active interest in political 
affairs in as far as using his influence, and 
doing what he can to secure and maintain good 

He was married in 1881 to Miss Frances Kins- 
ley, daughter of Mr. H. M. Kinsley, of Chicago. 



"" I ""HE subject of this biography is a born 
A leader. A native of the old Bay State, he 
was born in the town of Palmer, in the year 1840, 
the son of Benjamin and Cordelia (Buffington) 
Davis, the former a native of Ware, Massachu- 
setts, and the latter a member of a well-known 
Quaker family of Connecticut. George attended 
the public schools, and in other respects passed 
his boyhood after the manner of New England 
boys, and later prepared for college, graduating 
from Williston Seminary at Easthampton. 
This was just prior to the opening of the war of 
the rebellion, so that instead of entering college, 
as he had anticipated, he, at the age of twenty- 
two, responded to the call for volunteers and 
enlisted in the army, as a private in Company H, 
Eighth Regiment Massachusetts Infantry. By 
gradual promotion he rose to the rank of captain, 
and in that capacity served with the Eighteenth 
Army Corps in the North Carolina campaign 
until August, 1863. Resigning his commission, 
he now returned to Massachusetts clothed with 
proper authority, and recruited and organized a 
battery of light artillery. From this he was soon 
transferred to the Third Regiment Rhode Island 
Volunteer Cavalry, with the rank of major, and 
commanded it until the close of the war in 1865. 
After the war was over, Col. Davis received an 
appointment in the civil department of the regu- 
lar army, and was attached to the department of 
the Missouri, of which General Sheridan was then 
in command. He served in the West with Gen- 

eral Sheridan in the Indian campaigns of 1868 and 
'69, of which the engagement at the headwaters 
of the Washita was the most decisive, resulting in 
the defeat and routing of the famous chief " Black 
Kettle " and his band. 

Col. Davis was on duty at the headquarters of 
General Sheridan when that commander was sta- 
tioned at Chicago in 1869, and continued his 
connection with the army till May i, 1871, when 
he resigned and took up his residence in Chicago, 
where he has made his home ever since. Col. 
Davis has always been an active and staunch 
Republican, and since his residence in Chicago has 
held a conspicuous place in the councils of his 
party, and a recognized leader. He was elected 
to the United States Congress from the Second 
District of Illinois in 1878, and re-elected for the 
two succeeding terms. As a congressman Col. 
Davis naturally took a prominent and leading 
place, and was one of the few of Chicago's repre- 
sentatives to that body whose efforts in behalf of 
their constituents were crowned with success. 
Among the important acts of legislation in which 
he took a prominent part, it is but just to say 
that securing a large appropriation for improv- 
ing the Chicago harbor was chiefly due to his 
efficient and faithful work. In 1886 he was 
elected county treasurer of Cook county, Illi- 
nois, for a term of four years. When it was 
decided by Congress to celebrate the four hun- 
drcth anniversary of the landing of Columbus on 
American soil by a World's Columbian Exposi- 



tion, Col. Davis was one of the foremost in the 
promotion of the enterprise, and to no one is the 
public more indebted than to him for the selec- 
tion of Chicago as the site of what promises to be 
the greatest World's Exhibition. He was after- 
wards chosen by the stockholders one of the 
directors of the local board of management, and 
upon the meeting of the Board of Commissioners 
in September, 1890, that body, in recognition of 
his peculiar fitness for the place, selected Col. 
Davis as Director-General of the mammoth 
undertaking. A man of fixed opinions, iron will, 
unfaltering perseverance and unusual executive 
ability, he at the same time possesses a tireless 

energy, and whatever he attempts stops at 
nothing short of its attainment. He is a man of 
great personal magnetism, courteous yet dignified 
in manners, generous, kind-hearted and genial, 
and has always attracted to himself many warm 
friends. With his splendid qualities of mind and 
heart he combines a finely proportioned physique, 
being strong in stature and of robust constitution. 
He is a handsome man in both form and feature, 
and a mass of iron-gray hair gives a distinguished 
air to an otherwise striking personality. Col. 
Davis was married, in 1867, to Miss Gertrude 
Schulin.of New Orleans, Louisiana, by whom he 
has two sons and four daughters. 



AMONGST the prominent citizens of Chicago 
who hail from the Green Mountain State, 
there are few who have been more closely con- 
nected with, or more deeply interested in, every- 
thing tending to the good and welfare of this 
city and the inhabitants thereof, than has the sub- 
ject of this sketch, Elbridge Gallet Keith. 

Born in Barre, Washington county, Vermont, 
July 16, 1840, he is the youngest son of Martin 
and Betsy (French) Keith. The Keith family 
of New England are all descendants of a Scotch 
Presbyterian clergyman, James Keith, who grad- 
uated at Aberdeen College, Scotland, and came 
to America about 1650, settling in Bridgewater, 
Mass. Our subject's father was born in Uxbridge, 
Mass., and removed to Vermont at an early age. 

Our subject's early years were spent on a farm, 
and he received his early education in the public 
schools of the neighborhood, and subsequently 
attended Newbury Seminary, Vermont, and Barre 
Academy (at that time presided over by Dr. J. S. 
Spaulding, an able educator of his day). Young 
Keith was at this time more inclined to political 
and literary pursuits than to that of business, but 
he eventually entered a country store in his na- 
tive town (at the age of sixteen), and remained 
here for a year. In 1857 he joined his two elder 
brothers, Edson and O. R. Keith, who had pre- 
ceded him in taking up their residence in Chicago. 
After a short time spent in the employ of W. W. 

Secombe, he entered the house of Keith Bros. & 
Faxon, continuing in their employ until 1865, 
when Mr. Faxon retired, and he then became a 
member of the firm, under the style of Keith 
Brothers, which firm still exists, occupying a lead- 
ing position in its line of business, as it has done 
for upwards of twenty years. 

In 1884 he was elected president of the Metro- 
politan National Bank, to which, from the date of 
its organization, he has devoted the most of his 
attention and care. It has achieved a most 
marked success, and now ranks as one of the lead- 
ing institutions of its kind in the city. Mr. Keith 
has always taken an active part in all movements 
tending to the welfare of the city, State and Na- 
tion. He served seven years on the Board of 
Education, and was a leading member of that 
body, serving as chairman on numerous occasions 
on several of its most important committees, and 
as a token of the warm interest he displayed in 
educational matters, the Board named one of its 
schools the " Keith School." Higher education, 
also, has found in him a warm advocate, and he is 
at present one of the trustees of Beloit College. 
One of the incorporators of the Union League Club, 
he subsequently became its president, and is to-day 
prominently identified with it in all the patriotic 
and public-spirited work in which it is engaged. 

He has also been prominently identified with 
the Commercial Club, and was its president dur- 



ing the past year. He is now the president of 
the Bankers' Club. Mr. Keith has held numerous 
other positions in connection with the various be- 
nevolent and philanthropic institutions of this 
city, and has been president of the Young Men's 
Christian Association, and also of the Chicago 
Orphan Asylum. 

In politics, a steadfast Republican, he has from 
an early age been an interested student of polit- 
ical affairs, it being related of him that when but 
fourteen years of age, he walked twelve miles to 
attend the first State convention of the Republi- 
can party in his native State. And though an 
ardent Republican, he has never been a bitter 
or bigoted partisan. An active member of his 
party, he has had much to do with nominating 
conventions, both of the City of Chicago and the 
State of Illinois. Mr. Keith represented the 
City of Chicago in the memorable National Con- 
vention that nominated Garfield for president, 
while he has frequently been urged to accept 
positions of high political importance, but has 
hitherto.always declined to become a candidate 
for any political office. He was re-elected as a 
director of the World's Columbian Exposition in 
April of this year, 1891. 

In matters of religion, he holds Evangelical 

views, and is a warm supporter of Dwight L. 
Moody, while he is also a promoter of and firm 
believer in unsectarian Christian work. Brought 
up a Methodist, the influence of a pious mother 
has been marked throughout his life. For over 
twenty years he has been a member of Christ Re- 
formed Episcopal Church (Bishop Cheney's), and 
its senior warden for many years. Married in 
December, 1865, to Miss Harriet S. Hall, a native 
of LaSalle county, Illinois, they have four sons 
and two daughters. 

A man of large affairs, his time, as may be im- 
agined, is fully occupied, for he is always promi- 
nent in benevolent work, and actively interested 
in everything tending to the benefit of Chicago 
and of good citizenship generally, and with zeal 
seemingly beyond his physical strength, for he is 
by no means robust and his constitution none of 
the strongest. Mr. Keith is one of the most 
popular men in this city, one of the most widely 
known, and certainly one of the most respected. 
A typical Chicagoan, he is truly a representative 
citizen, and belongs to that class who have aided 
so materially and to an extent as yet unknown 
in raising this city to the position it to-day occu- 
pies amongst the cities of America, and the cities 
of the world. 



THERE are few studies more elevating, more 
encouraging, or more interesting than the 
study of the lives and characters of men who 
have risen from the ranks. When we trace the 
career of those who stand highest in public 
esteem, and of those whom the world acknowl- 
edges as successful men, we find almost invariably 
that they are those who have risen gradually, 
overcome severe opposition and, in the face of 
the most bitter trials and seemingly insurmount- 
able difficulties, have at length, by much self- 
reliance, great energy, perseverance and honesty, 
overcome every obstacle and won that success 
for which they had so long and so perseveringly 

Eugene S. Pike was born in Lake county, Ohio, 
October 5, 1835. His father and mother (Jerusha 

Hartwell) were born in Berkshire county, Mass. 
Both families are branches of old New England 
stock, while his mother, together with her cousin, 
Mary Lyon, took an active part in establishing 
Mount Holyoke Seminary, a seminary which, 
to-day, is one of the most famous seats of learn- 
ing in the State of Massachusetts. His father 
died when he was but eight years of age, leaving 
him and his mother in somewhat straightened 
circumstances. Three years later death removed 
his mother also, a mother to whom he owed much 
and from whom he derived such virtues as are 
only in the gift of a refined, educated and Chris- 
tian mother to bestow, and a mother for whom 
he always cherished the most sacred and loving 

Looking the world, however, in the face, and 


forming a resolution to succeed, young Pike 
engaged on a farm in his native county, attending 
school in the winter, and carefully putting by 
what small sum he could earn in the summer 
time, with the intention of acquiring a college 
education, if possible, later on. At length young 
Pike determined to undertake a course at the 
Western Reserve College, Hiram, Ohio; remaining 
here two years, he afterward went to Antioch Col- 
lege and here concluded his collegiate education. 
During the time he was at Hiram he had for 
a fellow-student and companion the late and 
lamented James A. Garfield, and we can imagine 
the strength of character, the tenacity of pur- 
pose and the determination to succeed which 
pervaded these two young men at this time. 

Leaving college, he commenced his business 
career by traffic in fruit and ornamental trees, 
gradually extending his connection until at 
length he became an importer of fruit trees, 
grape-vines, roses, etc., from France. Finding a 
ready sale for them in the Southern States, his 
business grew rapidly until the commencement of 
hostilities, in 1861, put an end, almost, to these 
transactions, and Mr. Pike decided to relinquish 
his interests and engagements in this line of busi- 
ness, always having had more or less of an ambi- 
tion to become a banker. On the breaking out of 
the war, he removed to Painesville, Ohio, where 
he engaged in the banking and brokerage business. 
His success in this vocation was phenomenal. 
Soon invited to a prominent place, he became 
locally and otherwise engaged in numerous enter- 
prizes of much importance. His wealth in the 
meantime having much increased, he decided to 
seek a larger and more important field in which 
to operate, and thus, in 1867, he decided to locate 
in Chicago. 

Our city at that time, as now, was growing 
rapidly, and becoming every day more prominent 
and more favorably known in the commercial 
world. Foreseeing to a great extent the import- 
ance and prominence which this city would ulti- 
mately attain, Mr. Pike invested in land through- 
out the business district of the South Side, 
erecting, as his means would allow, solid business 
blocks, which have materially added to the growth 
and improvement of that portion of our city. 
His experience and admitted authority on the 
subject of building have often led to his being 

consulted and to his advice being sought by a 
number of our well-known and prominent archi- 
tects. Real estate is what he is perhaps most 
interested in, and outside of this (in this city) his 
ventures have not been numerous, but such as 
they have been, they have been eminently suc- 
essful, and in every way creditable to the great 
energy and enterprise so characteristic of Mr. 

Purchasing a half interest in the well-known 
jewelry house of N. Matson & Co., corner of 
State and Monroe, in 1876, he retained his inter- 
est, though he took no active part in the manage- 
ment of the business, for three years, relinquish- 
ing same in 1879. 

A director of the First National Bank, he has 
held this position for several years. A director 
of the World's Columbian Exposition, he was 
among the first selected by the Committee of 
Organization to hold the important and honor- 
able office. The choice was undoubtedly a good 
one, for in Mr. Pike the directorate have an able 
financier, one whose advice and experience cannot 
but prove to be very valuable. 

Much interested in numerous benevolent and 
charitable affairs, Mr. Pike's interest is more prac- 
tical and material than it is theoretical, and is not 
confined merely to paper and the giving out of 
resolutions, etc. 

Socially, he is most agreeable ; genial with his 
friends, he is an excellent companion ; jovial, gen- 
uine in his actions, he seems to overflow with the 
spirit of good fellowship, and inspires the same 
disposition amongst the numerous friends and 
acquaintances with whom he is so often inti- 
mately associated. 

A man of more than the ordinary force of 
character, possessing great tact, he quickly com- 
prehends and solves what, to others, often appear 
difficult problems, both in business and social 
affairs. A faithful friend, he is a strong adherent 
of any cause he embraces, while on behalf of a 
friend he deems no service too great or any per- 
sonal inconvenience too much, if, by so doing, the 
desired result can be obtained. 

In religious matters a Presbyterian, Mr. Pike is 
a member of the Second Presbyterian Church of 
this city, being prominent in religious circles, and 
much interested in church, Sunday school and 
charitable work generally. He was married in 



1865, to Miss Mary Rockwell, of Painesville, Ohio. 
Mrs. Pike is a relative of Ralph Waldo Emerson, 
the famous poet and philosopher. Personally, she 
is a lady of rare qualifications and much ability. 
There are three sons, issue of this marriage, the 
eldest, Eugene R. Pike, a graduate of Yale in the 
class of '90. The second son, Charles Burral 
Pike, is now at Harvard, where he is a member 
of the class of '92; while the youngest, William 
W. Pike, is now at Yale University. Deriving 
such excellent qualities and position as they have 
inherited, both from their father and mother, 
their path through life will be comparatively 
smooth, while they are already in possession of 

rare accomplishments, and are spoken of as 
being delightful and agreeable companions. 

Not given to much outdoor recreation, there 
are yet two or three sports in which Mr. Pike 
takes great interest, and they are more especially 
those of fishing and shooting. Accompanied, 
as he often is, by his sons, his shooting trips are 
always a source of much gratification to him. 
Keen sportsmen, father and sons, they always 
have something tangible to show as the result of 
their frequently long trips, and the success of 
Eugene S. Pike is no less marked in this direc- 
tion than it is, and always has been, in other 



SAMUEL M. NICKERSON, one of the 
organizers of the First National Bank, its 
vice-president upon its organization, and since 
1867 the president of that gigantic financial institu- 
tion, was born at Chatham, Mass. , on June 14, 1830. 

His parents, Ensign Nickerson and Rebecca 
Mayo Nickerson, were descended from the early 
Puritan settlers of Massachusetts, his father 
being a lineal descendant of the Wm. Nickerson 
who left Norwalk, England, and settled at Chat- 
ham, Mass., in 1660. 

The first seven years of our subject's life were 
passed in the place of his birth, at which age his 
residence was changed by the removal of his 
parents to Boston, where he received his educa- 
tion at the public schools. At the age of seven- 
teen, he left school and accepted a position as 
clerk in his brother's store, at Appalachicola, Fla., 
where he received his earlier business training. 
He remained with his brother for four years, and 
in 1851, at the age of twenty-one, he began mer- 
cantile life for himself, by entering into the general 
merchandise business, which he continued until 
1857, when his business property was destroyed 
and he was left a financially ruined man, by a 
disastrous fire which consumed his assets. Very 
much discouraged, he compromised with his credi- 
tors, doing as well as he could for them with the 
means at his command, but settled with them in 
full some five years after, although he was not 
legally obliged to do so. 

After this event, which at the time was con- 
sidered by him as a great calamity, but which, 
doubtless, had a beneficial influence upon his life, 
he borrowed a few hundred dollars from his friends 
and removed to Chicago, where, in 1858, he 
launched upon a prosperous business career as a 
distiller of alcohol and high-wines. He was so 
successful that within the next six years he had 
accumulated a fortune sufficiently large to enable 
him to retire from the -business. In 1864, he 
accepted the presidency of the Chicago City Horse 
Railway, and continued its presiding officer and 
controlling spirit for seven years more. In 1871, 
his banking interest having become so large, and 
requiring most of his time and attention, he was 
forced to resign his official position with the rail- 
way corporation, and devote his entire time to his 
other interests. 

His business career since 1863, when he assisted 
in the organization of the First National Bank, 
has been almost identically the same as the history 
of that corporation. In 1863 he was elected its 
first vice-president, which official position he held 
until the year 1867, when he was elected to his 
present position of president, and he has remained 
at the helm of this, one of the largest financial 
houses in the world, continuously for twenty-four 
years ; and it has been largely due to his fostering 
care that the First National Bank occupies the 
position in the financial world that it does to-day.. 
He was present at its birth, watched over it 





closely during its infancy and childhood days, 
nursed it through its time of disease, caused by 
the fiery times of 1871, and guarded and shielded 
it through the assaults and storms of the panic of 
1873. He has witnessed its growth from a tod- 
dling child, having a capital of one hundred 
thousand dollars on May i, 1863, to the gigantic 
financial giant of to-day, with a capital of $3,000,- 
ooo, surplus of $2,000,000, undivided profits of 
$800,000, and average deposits of $25,000,000. 

This marvelous growth is acknowledged by all 
to be largely due to the policy of its president, 
our worthy subject, which, whilst conservative, has 
always been considered liberal. 

Mr. Nickerson has also been identified with 
other financial concerns. The Union Stock Yards 
National Bank of Chicago owes its existence to 
him, he having organized it in 1867, and become 
its first president. He continued in this position 
for several years, or until the stress of his other 
business affairs caused him to resign. 

In 1887, upon the expiration of the charter, this 
bank was reorganized under the style of The 
National Live Stock Bank of Chicago. 

In 1864, Mr. Nickerson was chosen as a director 
of the Chamber of Commerce, and in 1871 was 
appointed by the governor as a member of the 
first Board of Commissioners for Lincoln Park. 
He continued as commissioner for four years, and 
was always an active member of the board ; his 
fellow-members of the board were Joseph Stock- 
ton, Belden V. Culver, W. H. Bradley and Francis 
H. Kales. 

In December, 1858, he was married to Miss 
Matilda P. Crosby, of Brewster, Mass. Roland 
Crosby Nickerson, the sole issue of this marriage, 
is at present connected with the banking house 
of Jamieson & Co. 

Mr. Nickerson has always been largely inter- 
ested in art and musical work. He is a member 
of the Chicago Historical Society, and a trustee of 
the Art Institute, and his magnificent residence 
contains many choice works of art that he has 
collected during his extended travels, which have 
not only covered this country and Europe, but 
have been entirely around the world, he having 
made a circuit of the earth in 1883 and 1884. 

Mr. Nickerson is a man of dignified appearance, 
and of pleasing countenance, with an ear ever 
ready to listen to affairs that will interest him, 

kindly and affable, liberal where liberality will be 
beneficial, interested in music and art and ever 
ready to assist both financially and personally any 
movement to elevate either. At the helm of the 
largest financial institution in the West, esteemed 
by the citizens of Chicago, and admired by his 
friends and business acquaintances, he stands to- 
day as a man whose works will be remembered 
long after this generation has passed away, and 
one who during his life has always been an hon- 
ored, respected citizen of the community in which 
he lived. 

Mr. Nickerson's term as president of the bank, 
which position he has filled so successfully for so 
many years, is about to come to a close, not with- 
out the deepest regret of the directors of the bank, 
as will be understood by perusing the following 
extract from the minutes of the meeting of the 
directors of the First National Bank, in January, 
1891, for the election of officers for the ensuing 

Mr. Nickerson then requested the following 
communication should be read to the board : 

" CHICAGO, January 22, 1891. 

" Dear Sirs, Before proceeding to the election of officers 
tor the ensuing year, I wish to state that should you decide 
to elect me president it must be with the understanding 
and notice that I shall resign the office whenever Mr. L. J. 
Gage shall be relieved from his duties as president of the 
World's Fair, and can devote all of his time to the affairs 
of this bank, and when that time arrives, I shall take 
pleasure in co-operating with you in electing him to take 
my place, if you then decide to do so. 

" It would be my desire to continue as a director of the 
bank, and co-operate with you in working for its interest 
and success. 

" It is not my intention to engage in any other business. 
I have arrived at a time in life when I consider it my duty 
to delegate to younger heads and hands the responsibilities 
that are involved in the position I have held in the bank 
for the past twenty-four years as president, and for four 
years previously as vice-president, which covers the entire 
time since its organization, in 1863. The success which has 
attended this bank is known to you all. For this I have to 
thank the directors and other officers, who by their advice 
and labor have made this success possible. 

" Thanking you for your many evidences of confidence 
and good will, and hoping that the future success of the 
bank may under your direction be equal to or better than 
the past, I await your decision as indicated above. 

" Yours very respectfully, 

After which Mr. Gage offered the following 
resolution which was unanimously adopted : 



"Resolved, That the communication of Mr. Nickerson 
just received be spread upon the records. 

" Whilst we deeply regret the suggestion that he may feel 
compelled to resign the office before the expiration of the 
current year, we feel that it is for the interest of the bank 
that he should continue his wise and judicious guardianship 
as its chief executor as long as circumstances will permit. 

" We recognize the fact that twenty-five years of constant 
direction over affairs as large and important as are here 
implied, entitle him, when he shall finally demand it, to the 
enjoyment of the rest and leisure to which we all look for- 
ward as the just reward of long continued and faithful 

Mr. Nickerson, honored throughout the world 
of finance, threw his cloak on the shoulders of 
his lieutenant, and retired from the presidency of 
the bank whose career he had made so successful 
on July 8, 1891, as the extracts that appear below, 
taken from the records of the bank, will explain : 



" Gentlemen, Referring to my communication of January 
22, last, in which I stated that if then elected president of 
this bank, it would be with the understanding and notice 
that I should have the privilege of resigning at any time 
during the ensuing year. That time has now arrived, and 
I hereby tender my resignation and ask its acceptance, to 
take effect on and after July 8, next. 

"Yours very respectfully, 
" (Signed) S. M. NICKERSON." 

"Resolved, That the thanks of the stockholders of this bank 
are justly due to Mr. Samuel M. Nickerson for the efficient 
and faithful manner in which for so many years he has dis- 
charged the duties of president of this institution. 

" In accepting this resignation this day tendered, this board 
desires to place on record its high appreciation of his admin- 
istration. We congratulate ourselves, however, that in his 
retirement from the office of president, the bank will still 
retain him as director, the wise counsel which his long 
experience has so well qualified him to give." 



A NATIVE of the Keystone State, born in 
Somerset county, Pennsylvania, Novem- 
ber 5, 1844. He is a son of Levi and Highly 
(King) Ream. The Reams are of German ex- 
traction, but the ancestors of our subject had 
left the fatherland many years ago, and had emi- 
grated to this country in the early days of its 
colonization, settling first in eastern Pennsylvania 
and subsequently in Somerset county. 

Brought up on his father's farm, young Ream 
acquired habits of thrift and industry, which, 
when he came to face the serious work of life, 
were of incalculable value to him. 

His educational advantages were few ; those 
procurable in the common schools of the neigh- 
borhood, together with a course of instruction at 
a normal institute, comprised about all he received. 
But even these opportunities, small as they were, 
he so improved upon, and, during the time devoted 
to his studies, he pursued them so assiduously, 
and with so much perseverance and intelligence, 
that at the early age of fourteen he became a 
teacher in one of the neighboring schools. His 
aspirations were all for adopting a business career, 
as opposed to that of the necessarily somewhat 
circumscribed and narrow sphere of a farmer's 
life. His early development and aptitude for 

business affairs was such that he soon became 
actively engaged in business pursuits. His first 
venture being that of taking ambrotypes, in 
which he was most successful. His friends, how- 
ever, endeavored to discourage him, but without 
avail, for, determined to succeed, he soon accu- 
mulated sufficient means to start in business for 
himself. Possessed of great patriotism, and a 
desire to serve his country, he informed his 
parents of this conclusion, and they, emulated by 
the same spirit rs himself, readily gave their con- 
sent and blessing. 

Enlisting September i, 1861, he assisted in the 
raising of Co. H, 8$th Penn. Volunteers, and, 
though offered a commission, he preferred, for the 
time being, to remain a private. His thoroughness 
and enterprise in his military career, and his pro- 
ficiency in military affairs, were such that they were 
quickly acknowledged by continual promotion. 
Wounded at Whitmarsh Island, Ga., February 22, 
1864, and again at Wearbottom Church, Va., 
June 17, of the same year, and so badly this time 
that he was incapacitated from further duty, and 
resigned in August, 1864. 

On his return home he attended the Pittsburg 
Commercial College, afterwards becoming en- 
gaged as a clerk in Harnedsville, where he remained 


until September, 1866. Then becoming anxious 
. to try his fortune in the West, at this time opening 
out, and offering to young men of pluck and grit 
numerous chances for a successful career. Locat- 
ing at Princeton, 111., he obtained the position of 
clerk in a general store. Shortly afterwards he 
purchased his employer's stock, and thus became 
actively engaged on his own account. Ten months 
later he was so unfortunate as to be burned out 
losing almost everything. 

In January, 1868, he went to Iowa, and located 
at Osceola. Becoming actively engaged in the 
grain and implement business he met with much 
success. But a succession of poor crops rendered 
those whom he had given considerable credit 
unable to meet their obligations, and this caused 
him temporary embarrassment (1870), but such 
was his well-known integrity and honesty that, at 
this, the most critical period of his life, these 
qualities were of inestimable value to him. In 
1871 he decided to remove to Chicago, and shortly 
after arriving in this city he formed a partnership 
with Mr. Coffman, under the firm name of Coff- 
man & Ream, live stock commission merchants. 
Having a large acquaintance with stock-raisers 
throughout the West, Mr. Ream received from 
them heavy consignments of stock from time to 
time, and it was not long before he regained his 
former position ; and he had no sooner done this 
than he proceeded to extinguish the indebtedness 
incurred while in Iowa, not resting until he had 
paid off not only the principal, but the interest 
from the time of his arrival in Chicago also; and 
the fact of his having done this is conclusive 
proof of the sterling honesty and integrity which, 
not only then but ever since, has been so character- 
istic of Norman B. Ream. Continuing his connec- 
tion with Mr. Coffman until 1878, although retiring 
from active participation in 1875, in which year 
he became a member of the Board of Trade. He 
became a member of the firm of Geo. C. Ball & 
Co., but in 1877 withdrew from this firm, and com- 
menced business on his own account, under the 
style of N. B. Ream & Co., and this continued 
until 1884, when he withdrew from active business 
connection, the firm then becoming R. W. Clark & 
Co., Mr. Ream being special partner. This con- 
nection, however, was severed in 1889, as in the 
previous year was his connection with the com- 
mission firm of H. H. Carr & Co. His connec- 

tion with the Board of Trade is well known. His 
first operation on the " Board " was crowned with 
the greatest success, and he soon became known 
as an operator of more than excellent judgment, 
and of great perception and foresight. His 
operations have always been noted for their mag- 
nitude, and for the splendid manner in which they 
have been carried through. In fact, such Jias 
been Mr. Ream's success that he has long been 
numbered amongst the most extensive and suc- 
cessful operators on the Chicago Board of Trade, 
and ranks financially amongst the millionaires of 
this city. He has filled the office of vice-presi- 
dent of the Call Board, and were it not for his 
many business and other engagements he would 
have filled, as he has been so often urged to do, 
numerous positions of a like nature. Possessed 
of numerous farms, ranches, etc., he has been 
(since 1868) an extensive breeder and rearer of 
stock. At one time president of the Western 
Fire Insurance Co., which, in 1883, he assisted in 
organizing ; he ultimately sold out his interests in 
this company. 

Though having retired from active participation 
in the commission business, he is still, though not 
an active, one of its best known and respected 

Devoting his present attention to his many pri- 
vate enterprises, his mental qualities are such 
that he grasps, intuitively, all the intricacies of 
business propositions, many of which would seem 
futile, even to one of more than ordinary intelli- 
gence and business capacity. Combining these 
qualities, as he does, with those of remarkable 
energy and dispatch, he rarely fails in bringing 
matters to a successful issue. 

Married February 17, 1876, to Miss Carrie T. 
Putnam (a direct descendant of the well-known 
General Putnam, of Revolutionary fame), at Madi- 
son, N. Y. Mrs. Ream is the daughter of Dr. 
John Putnam, a prominent physician of that city, 
and is a lady of more than ordinary attainments. 
There have been born seven children by this mar- 
riage, viz.: Marian B., Fanny M., Norman P., 
Robert C., Edward K., Louis M. and Henry 
K. Ream, all of whom are living. 

A director of the First National Bank of Chi- 
cago ; also, a director of the Illinois Central Rail- 
road Co. He is also vice-president, and one of 
the largest and most influential stockholders of 


the Rookery Building without a doubt, the 
most extensive and finest office building in the 
world. In itself a fitting memorial to the enter- 
prise and great business perception of him who 
has been so prominently identified with it. In 
connection with Mr. W. E. Hale (of the Hale 
Elevator Co.), Mr. Ream built what is probably 
at present the finest hotel in the West, viz., the 
" Midland," at Kansas City, and, together with 
Mr. Hale, he also controls the street railways of 
Toledo, O. At one time a well-known and exten- 
sive operator on the New York Stock Exchange, 
he has recently retired from active operations. 

A member of the Chicago, Calumet and Wash- 
ington Park clubs, he has long been prominently 
identified with the same. 

A member of the Odd Fellows' and Masonic 
societies for very many years, he is at present a 
member of Mount Joy Commandery, No. 53, K. 
T., and in these circles, as in all others, there is 
no member who is more highly respected, whose 
advice is more cordially welcomed, or is more 
worthy of honor, than is Norman B. Ream. 

Mr. Ream (though not a member) is, together 
with his family, who are members of the Second 
Presbyterian church, a constant attendant at 
same. A man of high principles, the cause of 
religion has ever found, in him a warm supporter 
and practical sympathizer. 

Politically a Republican, though thoroughly 

independent at times in his political views, Mr. 
Ream does not believe in voting for a Republican 
measure merely because it is Republican, or is 
advocated by the Republican party. He is one 
of those who reserve to themselves the right to 
form an opinion, independent of party or creed, 
and having formed that opinion, believes in main- 
taining it ; and were there more of his stamp, our 
country to-day would be in a better condition, 
both morally and politically. While taking con- 
siderable interest in affairs political, he is in no 
sense a politician, in the usually accepted meaning 
of the word, and has never sought or desired 
office of any kind. 

A gentleman of great wealth, very generous 
and liberal to all objects of a charitable or benev- 
olent nature, he is one of those void of ostenta- 
tion or display, seldom allowing his right hand to 
know what his left hand doeth. 

In concluding this somewhat incomplete sketch 
of Mr. Ream's life, incomplete because it would 
require a good-sized volume to do him thorough 
justice, what an example has he not shown to 
young America? Prominent amongst all the 
prominent citizens of Chicago, a man whose 
honesty amongst all the phases of life has always 
remained unquestionable. As a citizen of Chicago, 
and as one who is typical of her growth, Norman 
B. Ream requires no further introduction at our 



EDWIN WALKER was born in Genesee 
county, New York, and is now sixty years 
of age. His father was a native of New Hamp- 
shire, but removed to New York when but 
eighteen years of age. He was a man of great 
energy of character and strict integrity, and 
enjoyed the fullest confidence of all who knew 
him. He was a farmer, and a soldier in the war 
of 1812. He died in the year 1887 at the age of 

The subject of this sketch received a thorough 
academic education, and at an early age adopted 
the law as his profession. He prosecuted his 
professional studies in Batavia, N. Y., and was 

admitted to the bar in the city of Buffalo, N. Y., 
in 1854. Soon after his admission to the bar he 
made his way westward, first locating at the city 
of Logansport, in the State of Indiana, where he 
commenced the prosecution of his profession, 
remaining there until 1865. 

At the very commencement of his professional 
career he wisely recognized that the law is a 
"jealous mistress," and will not tolerate a divided 
love. Professional success being his only ambi- 
tion, he steadily refused the alluring offers of 
political office, and early in his professional life, by 
close application and assiduous work, attained an 
enviable prominence at the Indiana bar, and dur- 

f T 
ft .;< 


ing his years in that State he laid well and securely 
the foundations upon which he has reared his pro- 
fessional reputation. 

In 1860 he was appointed general solicitor of the 
Cincinnati, Richmond & Logansport Railroad Co. 
In 1865 this road was extended to Chicago, under 
the name of the Chicago & Great Eastern Rail- 
way Co., when his office, together with the general 
offices of the company, was removed to Chicago. 
From that date he has been a resident of this city, 
and in active prosecution of his profession. In 
1870 this road was merged with and made a part 
of the Pennsylvania system, Mr. Walker retaining 
his connection with the legal department until 
the year 1883. In 1869 he was appointed gen- 
eral solicitor of the Chicago, Danville & Vincennes 
Railroad Company, and in 1870 the Illinois solici- 
tor of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Rail- 
road Company, with which road he has been 
intimately connected for more than twenty years, 
and still retains the same position. He is also 
special counsel for several insurance companies 
and other corporations. 

Mr. Walker has been so long and so promi- 
nently connected with railroads that he is most 
widely known as a corporation lawyer, and his 
reputation as such is of the highest character. He 
has prominently appeared in most of the impor- 
tant railroad litigation in our State and Federal 
courts, and his skill and ability are attested by so 
many reported cases that he has become an 
authority upon all the varied and intricate ques- 
tions of corporation law. In general practice he 
has a large clientage. He is popular with the bar, 
and has the confidence of the bench whenever 
and wherever he appears. He has attained his 
early ambition he is recognized as one of the 
leaders of the Chicago bar. 

While he has been thoroughly devoted to his 
profession, he has also been connected with many 
business enterprises. More than twenty years 
ago he formed a co-partnership with Col. W. P. 
Rend, in the coal and transportation business. 
The firm of W. P. Rend & Co. is one of the best 
known in the West, and is an extensive operator 
in Ohio and Pennsylvania. The relations between 
these two men have been of the most intimate 
character, and during their long co-partnership 
nothing has occurred to mar the friendship so 
early formed. 

Politically, Mr. Walker has ever been a Repub- 
lican, but, while shrinking from political office and 
party strife, he has always been ready, regardless of 
politics, when circumstances seemed to warrant 
it, to join with independent citizens in move- 
ments to secure the correction of local abuses. 

He has been prominently identified with the 
World's Fair from its inception. He was chair- 
man of the first sub-committee on legislation, 
having charge of the work in Washington while 
Congress was considering the selection of a loca- 
tion ; and when Chicago was finally chosen, he 
was one of the committee selected to frame 
necessary and proper legislation. He was elected 
a director, made chairman of the Committee on 
Legislation, and is a member of the Executive 
and Conference Committees. 

In the year 1857 Mr. Walker was married to 
Miss Lydia Johnson, daughter of Col. Israel 
Johnson, a prominent citizen and successful mer- 
chant of Logansport. She lived but two years 
after their removal to Chicago, but during the few 
years of their married life she became endeared 
to a large circle of social friends, and promoted 
in every possible way the success of her husband. 
Of this union three sons were born the two 
eldest, Edwin C. and J. Brandt, are married, and 
have pleasant homes in Chicago. They are asso- 
ciated together in business under the firm name 
of Walker and Company, and are successful com- 
mission merchants. The youngest son, Wilmer 
Earl, a boy of great promise, died in his twenty- 
first year, at the commencement of his Senior year 
at Yale College. His attainments were of a high 
order, and he was being carefully educated and 
trained for the legal profession. 

In 1870 Mr. Walker married Mrs. Desdemona 
Kimball, daughter of Major Samuel Edsall, one 
of the oldest and best known citizens in public 
and social life of the city of Fort Wayne, Indiana. 
Few women in Chicago have a larger circle of 
social and admiring friends than Mrs. Walker, 
and none could more worthily preside over the 
pleasant home of the successful lawyer, made 
more attractive by the presence of her two 
daughters, Alma L. and Louise E. Kimball. 

Mr. Walker is a member of the Grace Episco- 
pal church of this city, and during the past seven- 
teen years has been an active officer of the 
church, either vestryman or warden. Though 



past the prime of life, his physical health is such 
that his friends may reasonably anticipate many 
more years of active and useful work. Although 
a member of many prominent social clubs of the 
city, he best enjoys himself with his family and 
friends in his attractive home on Michigan avenue, 
participating in such social events as his profes- 
sional and other duties will permit. Fond of trav- 

el, he seeks each summer some place of rest and 
pleasure, either in this country or in Europe, con- 
stantly forming new friendships and associations. 
This is a brief sketch of the life of a successful, 
self-made man, and this is characteristic of many, 
who, by their incessant activity and worthy ambi- 
tion, have given this young city its present promi- 
nence among the cities of the world. 



/COSMOPOLITAN in character, and possess- 
V- ' ing much that is metropolitan in appear- 
ance, Chicago numbers amongst her most honored 
and eminent citizens many of those who first saw 
the light of day in, and whose early associations 
are closely linked with, the land of the shamrock, 
and that fair isle beyond the sea Ireland. Of 
all the citizens of Chicago, however, who lay 
claim to the honor of having been born in the 
Emerald Isle, there is probably no one better 
known, more highly respected, or whose career 
has been more successful, not only in a commer- 
cial and social sense, but in a military and politi- 
cal sense also, than has that of Col. Wm. P. Rend. 
A native of Country Leitrim, Ireland, he was 
born Feb. 10, 1840. His father, Ambrose Rend, 
was a substantial farmer, while his mother, Eliza- 
beth (Cline) Rend, was a daughter of Mr. Hugh 
Cline, who for years held the responsible and 
important position of steward of one of the larg- 
est and oldest estates in Ireland. Removing to 
this country in 1847, our subject being at this 
time but seven years of age, his parents settled at 
Lowell, Mass., where he spent his early years, and 
where he received his education, graduating from 
the high school of that city at the age of seven- 
teen. Leaving school, shortly afterwards he de- 
cided to try his fortune in New York City, hav- 
ing gained considerable business experience, 
especially in the dry goods line, during the eve- 
nings and holidays while resident at home. Ar- 
riving at New York, with but scanty means, he 
found it necessary to procure a position as early 
as possible. Commencing with the stores on 
Broadway, he endeavored for some time to find 
an opening, but without success, and seeing his 

small means fast dwindling away, he made for 
New Jersey, determined to accept whatever em- 
ployment chanced to offer itself ; and this time, 
pluck and determination won, for on the day 
after his arrival there he secured the position of 
school-teacher in the city of New Brooklyn, which 
position he occupied for twelve months. Re- 
signing his position as school-teacher, his inten- 
tion was to locate in South Carolina. Desiring, 
however, to visit an old friend of his, and one 
with whom he had been intimately acquainted, 
when resident in Lowell, Mass., he visited, en 
route, Baltimore, and here his attention was 
drawn to an advertisement for a teacher, inserted 
in one of the local papers by the trustees of the 
school district near West River, Anne Arundel 
county, Maryland. Applying for the position 
his application, by the way, being one of seventy 
he was selected to fill the vacancy, remaining 
here over three years, his scholars being princi- 
pally the children of prominent and wealthy 
slave-holders and proprietors of large plantations. 
At the house of one of the latter he boarded and 
made his home, spending his evenings and other 
spare time in classical studies, with a view of en- 
tering an advanced class in a neighboring college, 
and from the president of St. John's College he 
received much assistance, valuable advice, and 
much practical aid and sympathy it being Mr. 
Rend's custom at this time to ride to and fro 
(a distance of over ten miles), on Saturday after- 
noon, for this purpose, intending to complete his 
studies, and to eventually occupy a superior posi- 
tion. Just about this period, however, the war 
broke out. At the time his most intimate friends 
and associates were slaveholders. He liked th.- 


'South and the southern people, but abhorred 
secession. He believed that he owed it as a high 
and sacred duty to volunteer his services in the 
cause of the Union, and for the protection of 
the American flag. 

Upon the firing on Fort Sumter, he decided 
to relinquish his position as school-teacher, and 
shortly afterwards joined the army, receiving 
from the governor of Maryland permission to 
organize a company at Annapolis. But as was to 
be expected, at the first commencement of the 
war, the cause of the Union and Union sentiment 
generally was but very weak in this locality, and 
his efforts not meeting with that immediate suc- 
cess which his ardent nature desired, he abandoned 
this undertaking. Still, however, determined to do 
what he could, and to aid the Union cause, whose 
side he had espoused, and whose principles he be- 
lieved in, and for whose supremacy he was willing 
to risk even life itself, if need be, he went to 
Washington, and here joined the Fourteenth 
New York Volunteers (one of the infantry regi- 
ments organized about this time), previous to 
the first battle of Bull Run, and remained with 
his company until the expiration of his term of 
enlistment, serving most of his time as a non- 
commissioned officer. He was in a number of 
the most prominent battles in which the Army 
of the Potomac was at this time engaged, in- 
cluding Hanover Court House, Second Bull Run, 
Mechanicsville, Gaines Mills, Malvern Hill, the 
battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellor- 
ville, etc., and the battles before Yorktown, etc. 
He was the first man in his regiment who was 
struck by a bullet during the siege of Yorktown, 
though not seriously wounded. During the battle 
of Malvern Hill a portion of his pants was shot 
away, while, as is well known, the " Fourteenth'' 
suffered heavily in killed and wounded, and in that 
battle alone lost one-third of the entire number en- 
gaged. His many hair-breadth escapes, the many 
narrow and close calls he received, and the incidents 
and dangers through which Col. Rend at this time 
passed, would fill a much larger space than we 
now have at our disposal. His time of enlist- 
ment having expired, he was finally mustered 
out of service, afterwards paying a brief visit to his 
friends in Massachusetts. Here at a social gath- 
ering, he became acquainted with a lady for 
whom he formed a strong attachment, the result 

of which was a speedy engagement. With the 
promptitude of action and sincerity of mind so 
characteristic of him, then as now, he proposed 
marriage, and was accepted, agreeing to defer the 
ceremony for twelve months or so, and believing 
the West to offer good opportunities for a young 
man to engage in the struggles of life, and as 
affording good and rapid chances of advancement, 
he immediately made for Chicago, arriving here 
during the latter part of the war, and the day 
following secured a position in the surveyor's de- 
partment of a railroad company locating a line 
from Madison to Winona. Mr. Rend, having a fair 
theoretical knowledge of surveying, and a natural 
fondness and aptitude for mathematics, he de- 
termined to take this up as a profession, and to 
turn his knowledge in this direction to a good 
and practical account, continuing in this occu- 
pation until winter set in and necessitated the 
abandonment of the survey until the following 
spring. Returning to Chicago, he soon secured a 
position, this time in the freight depot of the 
North-Western Railway Company, being appoint- 
ed foreman of this department. And it was while 
here that Mr. Rend perhaps formed the basis of 
his fortune, for in conjunction with the cashier of 
this depot he started a line of teams, and thus 
inaugurated a business, which in course of time 
(owing to its rapid developments and increase) 
necessitated his close and individual attention, 
for his position with the railway company had 
insured him plenty of work in this direction, and 
enabled him to build up a remunerative and suc- 
cessful business. Finding his capital increasing, 
and the opportunities good, while his capacity 
for work seemed even then, as now, almost un- 
limitable, he decided to embark in the coal 
trade, taking as partner Mr. Edwin Walker, who 
has now been for over twenty years intimately 
connected with him, not only in financial matters, 
but in the closer friendship of private life. It 
was not long ere the firm of W. P. Rend & Co. 
became the largest merchants engaged in the 
Eastern soft coal trade in the whole West, intro- 
ducing also not only the far-famed " Hocking 
Valley " coal in this city, and in the markets 
having their headquarters in Chicago, but were 
the first who recognized its various qualities, and 
through whose instrumentality the first train load 
was brought from that locality. . And thus their 


business grew and developed, until at last they 
found it necessary to open up and operate mines 
in Ohio and Pennsylvania, in order to keep pace 
with the extensive demand which their business 
had established. At present Mr. Rend is person- 
ally the proprietor of three of the largest mines 
in western Pennsylvania, owns a half interest in 
three mines in Ohio, the owner of two mines in 
Ohio, and a half owner of two others in Pennsyl- 
vania, whose combined output give employment 
to over two thousand men. He, individually, 
and his firm own seventeen hundred and fifty 
freight cars, employed in the transportation of 
their product. Having headquarters at Chicago, 
their main operations are in the markets of the 
various Northwestern States. The total output of 
their mines exceed one million tons per annum, 
their shipments extending to Canada, where they 
sell to railroads and to dealers, while they supply 
with coal large manufactories of Ohio, Illinois, 
and many other States. They also have supplied 
for years several railroad companies with the 
entire fuel used on their lines. From Mr. Rend's 
mines in Pennsylvania, large amounts of coal are 
sent by rail to Cleveland and Erie, and thence to 
Duluth and various ports on Lakes Michigan and 
Superior. Besides the interests already named, 
Mr. Rend is extensively engaged in the production 
of natural oil from several wells sunk on his Laurel 
Hill mining property in western Pennsylvania. 

His property is in the heart of the great oil 
belt lying partly in Washington and partly in 
Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, and which has 
become the most prolific and most wonderful oil- 
producing territory ever yet discovered in this 
country. In spite, however, of the seemingly 
unlimited demands upon his time and being 
engaged in and conducting such an extensive busi- 
ness as he does Col. Rend still manages to find 
time to devote to many matters of public import- 
ance. His advocacy of the temperance cause is 
well known, and, though believing more in the 
effects of moral suasion, rather than compulsory 
and legal means, he is, however, now, and always 
has been, an ardent champion of its principles, 
and it was, in fact, at his suggestion that Bishop 
Ireland, of St. Paul, sent Father Cotter (now 
Bishop of Winona) on a temperance crusade 
throughout Ohio and Indiana, with the result that 
seventeen thousand took the pledge, while upon 

Father Cleary's continuation of this good work, 
over seventy-two thousand names were added to 
the temperance cause, the whole expense of 
which crusade was let it be said to his credit 
borne by Col. Rend. 

Several years ago our subject was elected by 
the Second Regiment Illinois State Volunteer 
Infantry as lieutenant-colonel of this regiment, 
and this position he retained for a number of 

Of much literary ability, he is a frequent con- 
tributor to the press, on political and other sub- 
jects of a public nature, while he is extremely 
fond of mathematical subjects, and reads the Latin 
classics, in the original, with ease and fluency. 
Politically, he is independent, but at a time was 
prominently identified with the Republican party. 
He is a believer in men and measures, rather than 
in party. Frequently approached with a view tc 
nomination for the mayoralty and other promi- 
nent positions, he has hitherto steadily declined 
to allow his name to be used in this connection. 
Holding and exercising a potent influence in labor 
matters, he has always taken a deep interest in al! 
subjects and problems affecting the interests of 
employer and employ^, while he has succeeded in 
assisting to establish much friendly intercourse 
between the miners and employers throughout 
the coal regions of many States. Six years ago, 
aided by a few friends, he succeeded in the inau- 
guration of a movement of industrial conciliation 
in the mining regions of Ohio and Pennsylvania. 
That it has been successful (though previously un- 
tried in this country) is saying but little, while its 
influence and result have been in every way satisfac- 
tory, and have much tended to maintain that good 
feeling which should exist between miners and 
operators. He is a strong believer in arbitration 
and councils of conciliation, as opposed to lock- 
outs and strikes. He was the first president of a 
meeting held some years ago for this purpose, and 
sent the first address that was ever issued in be- 
half of this movement, and by his speeches and 
writings in the public press has helped, to no small 
extent, to mold a sentiment favorable to this solu- 
tion of what had hitherto been a problem of con- 
siderable difficulty. This movement has prevented 
strikes and labor conflicts in western Pennsylvania 
and throughout Ohio in nearly all of the lead- 
ing mining districts for five years, while previously 



one or more strikes occurred every year. The 
results being so beneficial to the cause of labor, it 
may be imagined in what esteem, high respect 
and confidence Col. Rend is held by the miners of 
this country, and by a body of men for whom he 
has done so much. If evidence were needed on 
this point we have but to mention one case, and 
it is similar to numerous others, where the miners 
of Northern Illinois selected Col. Rend as their 
representative, a former miner, by name of Will- 
iams, representing the operators, and Lyman J. 
Gage, Esq., forming the third party, at an arbitra- 
tion case which was intended to act as a test for 
the settlement of the entire mining question in 
Northern Illinois. Six years ago one of the most 
bitter struggles that has ever taken place between 
capital and labor occurred in the Hocking Valley 
region of Ohio. Taking sides with the men, 
believing them at the time to be in the right, he 
had as opponents forty coal operators, backed up 
by a number of railroad companies, and in par- 
ticular the Hocking Valley Railroad Co. This 
company becoming so incensed at his (Col. Rend's) 
action in the matter, endeavored to vent their 
spleen on him by refusing to allow him cars, and 
by advancing the freight rates and otherwise 
restricting his business operations. They at- 
tempted to make it impossible for him to suc- 
cessfully operate his mines, but in this they failed. 
Col. Rend was not the man to bow submissively 
to this or any other company, being aware that he 
but exercised the rights of any ordinary citizen 

in doing what he did. Entering an action in the 
Federal courts, he petitioned for and obtained a 
mandatory injunction compelling the railroad 
company to furnish him cars at the usual terms. 
Firmly maintaining his original position, he com- 
pelled the company also to recognize and to pay 
that due respect to his interests which the magni- 
tude of his operations warranted. A strong and 
firm believer in legal methods, his position once 
clear, and his cause just, he is aggressive and 
extremely positive in character, and though his 
necessity of recourse to law has been but little 
whenever such necessity occurs, he is seldom to 
be found on the losing side. 

Of medium height, robust build, and somewhat 
fair complexion, he is of a sanguine highly ner- 
vous temperament, possessing much foresight, 
keen perception and administrative ability of no 
mean order; he is extremely energetic and a great 

He is a Catholic in religion. As is well 
known, he is singularly free from all religious prej- 
udice, a hater of bigotry in every form, and 
one who abhors religious controversy, and every- 
thing which tends to create animosity and ill- 
feeling between citizens and people of a com- 
mon country. 

Married December 27, 1864, to Miss Elizabeth 
C. Barry (born in Nova Scotia and of Irish 
parentage). Their home at 153 Ashland avenue is 
noted for its elegance and comfortable sur- 



WM. C. D. GRANNIS, one of the most 
prominent bankers of Chicago, is a Can- 
adian by birth, having been born in the town of 
Hatley, Province of Quebec, in 1826. 

His parents, Wm. Grannis and Nancy M. (Dus- 
tin) Grannis, were natives of the United States, 
having been reared in the State of New Hamp- 
shire. His grandfather, Moody Dustin, was an 
ensign in the Revolutionary war, receiving his 
commission in 1775 from John Hancock. The 
interesting document conveying this commission 
is now in the possession of Mr. Grannis. 

Our subject received his school education in 
his native town, and at the age of nineteen began 
his business career as clerk in a local drug store. 
He continued in this occupation for seven years, 
until 1852, when he determined to seek an oppor- 
tunity to advance. Following this idea, he came 
to Chicago and accepted a position in a clerical 
capacity in the wholesale grocery establishment 
of M. D. Gilman & Co. He continued with this 
firm, and guarded their interests so faithfully and 
well, that he made his services almost indispensa- 
ble to them, and they concluded to take him into 



the firm, offering him a partnership. He availed 
himself of the proposition, and entered the busi- 
ness, which was then continued under the style of 
Oilman, Grannis & Farwell. 

Mr. Grannis continued in the wholesale grocery 
business until 1879, when he retired to devote his 
entire time to his banking interests, he having 
been a director in the Union National Bank since 
1873. I" ! 88o he was elected vice-president of 
that financial institution. Having fulfilled his 
duties in such a manner as to meet with the ap- 
proval of the directorate of the bank, they further 
honored him, in June, 1883, by tendering him the 
presidential chair, which he accepted and occupied 
until 1885, when he resigned his position and sev- 
ered his connection with the Union National Bank, 
and organized the Atlas National Bank, of which 
institution he has been the presiding officer and 
controlling spirit ever since. 

During the forty years of Mr. Grannis' business 
career that have been passed in Chicago, his busi- 
ness record has been unsullied and is clean. His 
reputation both for ability and integrity is of the 
very highest. In the executive position he occu- 
pies in the bank that he organized, he uses all of 
the faculties that have made him the acknowledged 
peer, if not the superior, ot any financier in the 
city of Chicago to-day, and the success of the 

Atlas National Bank is acknowledged by all to be 
due to the liberal, yet conservative, policy of its 
presiding officer, W. C. D. Grannis. 

He is connected with several outside corpora- 
tions, being a director in the Libby, McNeill & 
Libby Co. ; is also connected with the Union 
Rendering Company, and the treasurer of the 
Oakwood Cemetery i Association. In social cir- 
cles he is both very widely and favorably 
known. He is a member of the Chicago, Com- 
mercial, Washington Park and Iroquois Social 

Mr. Grannis has assisted both with purse and 
hand many worthy enterprises; he was one of 
the contributors to the Manual Training School. 

In 18 he married Miss Clara J. Brown. They 
have three children, Jane E. Grannis. Maud Mary 
Grannis, and Uri Balcom Grannis. 

Such is a brief sketch of his biography. He is 
a man of sound business principles, who has, by 
his own exertions and indomitable pluck, pushed 
himself, step by step, to the high position which 
he now holds, and it is acknowledged by the busi- 
ness men and leading financiers of this city that 
there does not exist in the city of Chicago, to- 
day, a man deserving of a higher place amongst 
its representative men, than does our worthy 
subject, William C. D. Grannis. 



THAT William C. Goudy is a man of great 
and commanding ability is, beyond ques- 
tion, the verdict of every company of intelligent 
men in any part of this country. Such, indeed, 
is the respect with which his name is spoken, and 
such the eminence of those with which it is 
coupled, that even a stranger, unaquainted with 
the details of his life work, would be at once im- 
pressed by its mention. It is without surprise, 
then, that in the writing of a contemporary, highly 
distinguished in the same profession, we read of 
him that : " He realizes in a pre-eminent degree 
the loftiest conception of an attorney, using the 
term in its broadest application." 

The fame of such a man is not to be increased 
by reiteration of facts pertaining to his public and 
professional career, known and universally ad- 

mitted. We need only give, as simply as possi- 
ble, the outlines of the life and activity which 
have led up to the position which he now occupies. 
William C. Goudy was born in Indiana, on the 
fifteenth of May, 1824. His mother, Jane Ains- 
lie, was of English descent, and was born in 
Pennsylvania. His father, who sprang from the 
old Scotch-Irish ancestry which has furnished us so 
many men of strong brain and hardy fibre, was 
born in Ireland. Others of the family resided in 
Scotland, and one of this branch, John Goudie, 
might well have been our subject's prototype, if 
we take the humorous testimony of Robert Burns 
in the poem beginning : 

" O Goudie! terror of the Whigs, 
Dread of black coats and rev'rend wigs." 

Mr. Goudy's father was bred to the trade of a 





carpenter, but abandoned this to go into the 
book-binding and printing business. In 1833, 
having removed to Jacksonville, 111., lie began the 
publication of "Goudy's Farmers' Almanac." 
This was the first magazine of its kind in the 
Northwest, and became exceedingly popular with 
agriculturists. In 1834, in company with Samuel 
S. Brooks, he undertook the publication of a 
Democratic paper at Jacksonville, and to Messrs. 
Goudy and Brooks is due the enduring honor of 
recognizing and bringing to public notice the ex- 
traordinary merits of Stephen A. Douglas. 

As the son of a printer already widely known, 
it would seem to have been quite natural for Mr. 
Goudy to become a journalist. Fortunately, how- 
ever, his predilection for the law was strong 
enough to cause him to disregard this opportun- 
ity. To better fit himself for his chosen profes- 
sion, he entered Illinois College, at Jacksonville, 
111., whence he graduated in 1845. That institu- 
tion has since conferred upon him the degrees of 
Master of Arts and Doctor of Laws. He then 
taught school in Decatur, 111., at the same time 
reading the elements of law. His more advanced 
studies were pursued in the office of Judge 
Stephen T. Logan, for many years a partner of 
Abraham Lincoln. 

In 1847 Mr. Goudy, having removed to Lewis- 
town, 111., was admitted to the bar. He entered 
into partnership with the well-known Hon. Heze- 
kiah M. Wead, and stepped at once into profes- 
sional prominence. He very soon became active 
in the political affairs of the district, and in 1853 
was elected State's attorney of the Tenth Judicial 
Circuit. This position he resigned in two years, 
and in 1856 was elected State Senator for the Dis- 
trict of Fulton and McDonough. During this 
period of service as senator occurred the memora- 
ble contest between Lincoln and Douglas. 

It was a time fraught with the most weighty 
and important issues which have ever confronted 
us as a nation, and the young legislator was a 
participator in the events which formed the pre- 
lude to the greatest occurrence in the history of 
the United States. To his great credit be it said 
that he was a worthy coadjutor of men like Judge 
Gillespie, N. B. Judd, Samuel W. Fuller and ex- 
Governor Palmer during those stirring days. 

Perhaps no fact better proves the reality of 
Mr. Goudy's affection for his profession than that, 

amid the arduous duties and the many distrac- 
tions of politics, he still attended, with unchang- 
ing faithfulness, to his law practice. He appeared 
repeatedly in the courts in many different coun- 
ties of Illinois, and also in the supreme court of 
the State. 

Mr. Goudy removed to Chicago in 1859. He 
has given especial attention to the law of real 
property, upon which he is one of the highest au- 
thorities in the country. An idea of his work in 
this State may be formed from the reports of the 
supreme court of Illinois, in every volume of 
which for the past thirty-five years have appeared 
cases argued by him. He has appeared in the 
higher courts of nearly every State throughout 
the West, and in the supreme court of the United 
States has been leading counsel in many impor- 
tant cases. The recent enactment regarding 

o o - 

"original packages " is an outgrowth of a decision 
in a cause argued by Mr. Goudy in the United 
States Supreme Court, declaring unconstitutional 
a statute of Iowa which prohibited railroads 
from bringing intoxicants into that State. He 
also argued the famous Munn case, by which was 
established the power of the States to fix the 
maximum rates to be charged by warehouses, rail- 
ways, persons or corporations engaged in a pur- 
suit affected with a public interest. Another in- 
stance in which Mr. Goudy did effective service, 
was in the great railroad cases of Minnesota, 
which resulted in the annulment of the Minnesota 
statute, authorizing the fixing of railroad rates by 
the State Commission. Many additional cases 
m'ight be cited, but it is unnecessary. His work 
is of a nature which commands universal atten- 
tion, and the history of his labors is to be found 
embodied in the literature of law. For some 
years he has been counsel for the Chicago and 
North-Western Railway Company, which oper- 
ates one of the largest railroad systems in the 
country. In domestic life, Mr. Goudy has been 
particularly happy. He was married in 1849 to 
Miss Helen Judd, who is a worthy sharer of his 
success, as she has been a faithful helpmeet in its 
attainment. They have two children, a daughter 
and a son. 

Mr. Goudy has always been a staunch sup- 
porter of Democracy, having cast his first vote 
for Lewis Cass in 1848. No better warrant of his 
conscientious and distinguished service need be 


had than that when there was a vacancy in the 
United States Senate, owing to the death of 
Stephen A. Douglas, Mr. Goudy was the choice 
of a large portion of the Democracy of Illinois as 
Douglas' successor. Although that honor was 
finally awarded to Mr. Richardson, of Quincy, a 

tribute of high import had been paid his fellow 
candidate. It was an expression in most touch- 
ing form of the fact that among the great men of 
his time, whose labors have rendered them not 
only honored, but beloved, his countrymen de- 
light to number William C. Goudy. 



WHEN the " World's Columbian Exposition" 
shall have finally closed its doors, and its 
history shall have been written for the gratifica- 
tion of succeeding generations, there is no name 
amongst the many prominent ones so closely con- 
nected with it that will stand out more bril- 
liantly, or command greater admiration, than will 
that of the Hon. Thos. B. Bryan. 

The citizens of Chicago are deeply indebted to 
Mr. Bryan for the magnificent services he ren- 
dered, for his ceaseless and tireless work, and the 
great energy and devotion he displayed in ob- 
taining for this city the much-coveted prize the 
Columbian Exposition. Mr. Bryan has been a 
leading spirit in the matter from the commence- 
ment. In fact, it was he who framed the resolu- 
tions presented at the first citizens' meeting, held 
in the Common Council chamber on August first 
of last year, the result of which was that Chicago 
became a candidate, and ultimately the victor, in 
one of the keenest competitions, probably, ever 
entered into by American cities. Mr. Bryan's 
ardent championship of Chicago's claims, his 
eloquent appeals throughout the country, and his 
masterly and unanswerable reply to New York's 
advocate and champion, the great and only 
Chauncey Depew, before the Senate Committee 
at Washington, will be long remembered, and un- 
doubtedly did more than anything else to secure 
the prize. His presentation of Chicago's claims 
was so effective and so adroitly put, that the re- 
sult was electrical, and even New York, with all 
her boasted superiority of social distinction and 
commercial enterprise, was forced to yield, and to 
Mr. Bryan, beyond a doubt, is due the credit. 

He was born at Alexandria, Va., December 22, 
1828; he is the son of Daniel and Mary (Barbour) 
Bryan. His parents, both on his father's and 

mother's side, were people of considerable cul- 
ture and influence. His father served in the 
Senate of Virginia, and two of his mother's 
brothers, James and Philip Barbour, held the 
highest official positions under the government of 
that day as Cabinet Minister, Speaker of the Na- 
tional House of Representatives, Judge of the 
United States Supreme Court, Minister to Eng- 
land, and as Governor of Virginia. Our subject 
graduated from the law school of Harvard Univer- 
sity in 1848, and shortly afterwards entered upon 
the practice of law in Cincinnati, Ohio, forming a 
partnership with Judge Hart of that city in 1849. 
In 1852 Mr. Bryan came west, settling in Chicago 
when the city was little more than an overgrown 
village, and shortly afterwards forming the law 
firm of Mather, Taft & Bryan, subsequently 
changed to Bryan & Borden, and still later to 
that of Bryan & Hatch. He has made office 
counselling his specialty, and for forty years, 
more or less, Mr. Bryan has resided the greater 
part of his time in Chicago, with the exception of 
several years spent in Washington, Colorado and 
in European travel. He succeeded Governor Shep. 
herd as one of the Commissioners (together with 
Governor Denison), as executive of the District 
of Columbia, His administration was marked by 
the same ability, honesty and prudence in expen- 
diture that has always governed his actions. His 
withdrawal, voluntarily, from this office was made 
the signal for a spontaneous memorial from the 
citizens, headed by the philanthropist Corcoran, 
and signed by all the bankers and prominent 
business men of the Capital, and this was pre- 
sented to him on his vacation of the office to re- 
sume his duties in his adopted city. The founder 
and promoter of many public enterprises, Mr. 
Bryan's work has always been crowned with sue- 



cess. A detailed list, even of his public enter- 
prises, would fill more space than we could devote 
to what is but, at the best, a general sketch. But 
while this is so, there are one or two which de- 
serve and require more than a mere passing 

The originator and sole proprietor (formerly) of 
Graceland Cemetery, Mr. Bryan purchased this 
tract of land, having found that the population of 
the North Side was inevitably encroaching on the 
old cemetery (which now forms part of Lincoln 
Park), and, if only from a sanitary point of view, 
this was extremely undesirable. Graceland 
alone (with its beautifully laid-out and well-kept 
walks and shrubs, etc.) would be a worthy me- 
morial of his public enterprise and regard for the 
prosperity and health of the community at large. 
He also built " Bryan Hall " (the site of which is 
now occupied by the Grand Opera House), and 
here many a memorable war meeting was held, 
and innumerable entertainments for patriotic ob- 
jects. Mr. Bryan was president of the great 
Northwestern Fair for the relief of soldiers of 
the Union in 1865, for, though a Southerner by 
birth, all his affiliations and sympathies had ever 
been with the cause of the Union. As the direct 
result of his presidency, the Fair yielded over 
$300,000 to the invalid soldiers' fund such was 
the repose placed in his integrity, and in his 
faculty of harmonizing the conflicting interests of 
the various officers and committees. If still yet 
another monument to his patriotism and loyalty 
were required, the Soldiers' Home, built under his 
direction and with money advanced by him, is that 
monument, and for many years its president, his 
work on its behalf was, and is, unflagging. In 
fact, his distinguished and arduous service during 

the war was such that no honors were esteemed 
too great, and amongst others accorded him was 
that of being elected a member of the Loyal 
Legion, etc. It was to Mr. Bryan's forethought 
and enterprise that Chicago owed the Fidelity 
Safe Depository, which passed, unscathed, 
through the flames of 1871, and was the means of 
saving many millions to the citizens. 

Mr. Bryan married in 1850 Miss Byrd Page, of 
Virginia, the issue being a son Charles P. Bryan, 
now a member of the Illinois Legislature, and 
formerly of that of Colorado, and who by profes- 
sion is a journalist and magazine writer of consid- 
erable repute and a daughter. 

As a speaker, Mr. Bryan is vigorous, eloquent 
and convincing, one who controls his audience, 
and rarely fails to carry his point; and, in addi- 
tion, one who seldom speaks unless he has some- 
thing to say well worth the hearing. His ban- 
quet and other public speeches unpremeditated 
as many of them are bristle with eloquent 
phrases and happy allusions, while they are 
marked with that good sense and general culture 
which is, and always has been, so characteristic of 
Thomas B. Bryan. 

As First Vice-President of -the " World's Co- 
lumbian Exposition," unanimously elected to 
that office, he is the right man in the right place, 
and with him in this position, there need be no 
fear for the success of such a fair as the world has 
never yet seen ; and if it be successful, as it un- 
doubtedly will be, to Thomas B. Bryan must be 
given the greater credit, for in him Chicago has 
a citizen who is, and always has been, devoted to 
her welfare, and no man has worked more assidu- 
ously for her good, or with greater results, than 
has the subject of our sketch. 



JOHN P. BARRETT, superintendent of the 
Fire Alarm Telegraph of Chicago, is a native 
of Auburn, New York. While he was yet a 
child, his parents removed to Chicago, where 
John received a good common school education, 

America, in the Pacific ocean, fell from the mast- 
head and broke his arm and leg. In August, 
1862, he returned to Chicago, and was appointed 
a member of the Fire Department, serving as 
watchman for " No. 8 '' and " No. 3." In 1864, 

and "ran" with "Niagara" No. 3. In 1858, he he was given charge of the City Hall bell and 
went to sea, and while off the coast of South held that position one year. 


In 1865, Chicago adopted the Fire Alarm Tele- 
graph system. Under the charge of E. B. 
Cha'ndler, superintendent, Mr. Barrett became an 
efficient operator, and upon the retirement of 
Mr. Chandler in May, 1876, he was promoted to 
the position of superintendent and has continued 
to hold it until the present time (1892). 

Mr. Barrett has not rested satisfied with hav- 
ing acquired a well-deserved reputation as an 
executive officer, but since he has been at the 
head of this department has accomplished many 
important reforms and become quite an in- 
ventor. With his instrument called the " joker, 1 ' 
the alarm is received at each engine house 
the same instant it is turned in at any box, 
thereby obviating the necessity of waiting for 

an alarm to strike on the gong from the general 

Mr. Barrett was the originator of the Police 
Patrol Service, now being generally introduced 
throughout the United States, and also originated 
the plan of placing all wires under ground, there- 
by removing unsightly poles from the streets; of 
operating city plants for lighting the streets by 
electricity, and of the bridge telephone service for 
controlling navigation in the river and harbor. 
Mr. Barrett is also Chief of the Electrical Depart- 
ment of the World's Columbian Exposition. 

Mr. Barrett was married April 20, 1868, and 
has had eleven children, eight of whom are living. 
He is a life member of the Paid Fire Department 
Benevolent Association. 



AMONG those who have achieved positions of 
eminence by reason of their unswerving 
integrity and remarkable financial and executive 
ability, none are more worthy of prominent men- 
tion than the subject of this sketch. Like many 
of his cotemporaries among the successful men of 
the present day, Mr. Dewey traces his ancestry to 
the early Puritan settlers of Massachusetts. His 
ancestor, Thomas Dewey, settled in Dorchester in 
1630, and in that vicinity the Dewey family 
resided for many years, the subject of this sketch 
being born in Pittsfield, Berkshire County, Massa- 
chusetts, on May 28, 1839. His father, Mark 
Dewey, was a merchant of prominence, noted for 
his high Christian character and intrepid honesty. 
His mother, Sarah M. Dewey, ne'e Grinnell, came 
from a family well and favorably known, and was 
a woman of decided character and ability. 

Young Dewey obtained his elementary education 
in the common school and academy of his native 
town. At the age of fifteen he came West to meet 
and assume the responsibilities of his future career 
among strangers. His first employment was upon 
a Western farm. From his seventeenth to his 
twenty-first year, he taught school winters, thereby 
enabling himself to take a summer course in col- 
lege. The difficulties by which he was beset in 
his early struggles to obtain a livelihood and edu- 

cation developed in him the strong characteristics 
that are aptly termed " Western," and which are 
identified with the possession of nerve, activity 
and exhaustless energy. Law was his chosen pro- 
fession, but after a severe hemorrhage caused by 
addressing a large assemblage of people for a 
Fourth of July celebration, in the open air, his 
physicians decided that his lungs would not per- 
mit him to follow what then seemed to be the 
natural bent of his mind. He was a remarkably 
eloquent and forcible speaker, full of zeal and 
energy, able to hold his own in any argument, and 
it is the unanimous opinion of those who knew 
him well that when he abandoned the law the 
legal profession was deprived of a member who 
would have become one of its brightest lights. 
At the age of seventeen he entered Wheaton 
College, but did not remain to finish the course. 
The commencement of the War of the Rebellion 
found him one of the very first to respond to 
Lincoln's call for troops, and, upon his enlistment, 
he was made a sergeant of Company A, Second 
Regiment of Illinois Cavalry. In this capacity 
he served his country, until at the end of about a 
year a severe wound compelled his retirement and 
prevented his again entering the service, when the 
commission of major was tendered him. Not 
only was he prompt in enlisting himself, but his 



eloquent speeches and patriotic fervor inspired 
others to rally for the country's defense. 

In politics he has always been a Republican, 
casting his first vote for Abraham Lincoln. 

In 1862 he was married to Miss Nettie A. 
Springer, of Rockford, Illinois, a lady of excellent 
family and delightful home and social qualities. 
They have had five children, of whom two are 
Jivino- Nettie D., now Mrs. H. S. Farwell, and 


David B., Jr., a lad of three and a half years of 

After pursuing various occupations, in all of 
which he was successful, in 1871 he transferred 
his business interests to Chicago, entering the 
mortgage loan business, and established his home 
at Evanston, where he has bought and sold large 
quantities of real estate, making valuable improve- 
ments which have greatly added to the beauty of 
that charming suburb. Among these improve- 
ments is included the home where he now resides 
on Maple avenue. His home has ever been a 
delightful resort for the many friends of the family, 
and its doors have always been hospitably open. 
Mr. Dewey has always been a public-spirited, 
aggressive citizen, actively identified with the 
progress of the times, serving efficiently in the 
various offices of the Council, Board of Educa- 
tion and Church Trustees, ever unselfishly devoting 
himself to others' interests. In 1876 he associated 
with himself Hon. John L. Beveridge, ex-Governor 
of Illinois, and opened the private banking house 
of Beveridge & Dewey, which continued its suc- 
cessful career until 1886, when he organized the 
American Exchange National Bank. His busi- 
ness career since that time has been identified 
with the history of that institution, and a sketch 
of his life would not be complete without some 
reference to the history of the bank. Upon its 
organization, Mr. Dewey was elected vice-presi- 
dent and acknowledged financial manager. The 
bank opened its doors for business May 10, 1886, 
and at once secured a large and profitable business. 
His reputation was already so well established 
among financial men that applications came in for 
nearly four times the amount of stock represented 
by the capital of the bank. During the early 
days of the bank's career, an event occurred which 
called into play all those cautious and conserva- 
tive traits which enabled him to so manage its 
affairs in the gravest crisis of its history that it is 

to-day the acknowledged peer of any financial 
institution in the city. The story of the bank, 
briefly told, is that on June 9, 1887, during the 
progress of the famous Harper wheat corner, Mr. 
Dewey was suddenly prostrated and confined to 
his bed by a severe illness. On the I5th, while 
still confined to his home, his associate officers 
cashed the celebrated Fidelity National Bank 
fraudulent drafts to the amount of $400,000, 
which, with other complications, nearly cost the 
bank its life. Mr. Dewey proved his remarkable 
nerve and devotion to his friends and associates 
by returning to the bank on June 20, against the 
direct orders of his physicians and with great 
danger of fatal results to himself. This prompt 
action of his, however, undoubtedly saved the 
institution from utter wreck. So great was the 
confidence in him that upon his return the with- 
drawal of deposits ceased and money was freely 
offered from many sources. Those who knew the 
man believed that he would find a way to save 
the bank from ruin, and they were not disap- 

The failure of C. J. Kershaw & Co., who kept 
an account with the American Exchange National 
Bank, involved it in extensive and complicated 
litigation, which, with other almost insurmount- 
able obstacles, would have discouraged any man 
of ordinary pluck and ability. It is a well-recog- 
nized fact that to Mr. Dewey was wholly due the 
conception and execution of the plan which lifted 
the bank from the wreck and disaster in which it 
was plunged and placed it among the solid finan- 
cial institutions of Chicago. Upon his retirement 
from the bank the press of Chicago and financial 
publications in New York, Boston and London 
gave him very flattering notices. Mr. Dewey's 
proposition to make an assessment of thirty per 
cent, upon the stock was promptly responded to, 
and then the battle for restoration was vigorously 
prosecuted, and, to those most familiar with the 
facts of that history, his success stands a marvel- 
ous achievement. Another notable incident con- 
nected with the struggle of the bank at this time 
was the famous suit against the Fidelity National 
Bank of Cincinnati, which was finally carried 
through the various courts to the Supreme Court 
of the United States, and a victory won by the 
American Exchange National Bank which was of 
the most profound interest to bankers and busi- 



ness men generally. The bank showed its ability 
to recuperate from its losses and exhaustive legal 
expenses by earning and paying ever since that 
almost fatal panic a continuous yearly dividend of 
six per cent., in addition to which it has placed to 
the credit of its surplus funds and undivided 
profits over $250,000. These results speak vol- 
umes for the sagacious management of the bank, 
and forcibly endorse the wisdom of its stock- 
holders in placing Mr. Dewey in full charge as 
president, which was done immediately after the 
commencement of the troubles which followed 
the cashing of the Fidelity drafts. The heavy 
duties and intense anxiety connected with the 
reorganization and recuperation of the bank 
depleted Mr. Dewey 's health, and made a tempo- 
rary retirement from close confinement to busi- 
ness a necessity. After the bank was fully relieved 
of all complications growing out of its misfortunes 
in 1887, Mr. Dewey frequently expressed a desire 
to be relieved from the active duties and respon- 
sibilities of the presidency, and finally decided 
to retire, which he did on August i, 1891, and 
in this connection it is proper to give the follow- 
ing resolutions which were unanimously adopted 
by the Board of Directors of the American Ex 
change National Bank at a meeting held in July, 
1891 : 

WHEREAS, David B. Dewey, President of the American 
Exchange National Bank, has from time to time, and es- 
pecially during the last year, intimated his desire to be 
relieved from the exacting burdens and cares of his office, 
and mainly for reasons connected with his bodily health ; 

WHEREAS, It has come to the knowledge of the Board of 
Directors that this desire has been intensified by the assur- 
ance of his physician that the day was not far off when, if 
not voluntarily, he would be compelled to desist from these 
labors ; now, therefore, be it 

Resolved, That in our association with Mr. Dewey during 
the last five years he has become greatly endeared to us as a 
friend ; his companionship has been a pleasure and delight ; 
we have learned to confide in his judgment as a clear-minded 
and conscientious business man. Times of trial and days of 
adversity have strengthened our faith in his unswerving in- 
tegrity and thorough loyalty to all the interests of this bank. 
The days have not always been bright, nor the skies without 
their clouds, but in the experiences that brought so much of 
anxiety and apprehension, the bonds of personal friendship 
and mutual confidence have grown all the stronger. We de- 
sire to assure him that whenever it shall seem to him best to 
retire from the executive chair of this bank he will take with 
him our warmest regard and a confidence in his executive 
ability and personal integrity that has become all the stronger 

by reason of the obstacles overcome and impediments sur- 
mounted, all of which gives assurance of stability and a per- 
manent growth as to the future of the bank. 

The Board of Directors are not unmindful of the extraor- 
dinary services of Mr. Dewey that were crowned with the 
most important results in the matter of the troubles of four 
years ago, and it is only an act of simple justice that we 
record our grateful remembrance of his personal sacrifice and 
service through those times of perplexity and difficulty, and 
to hope that whatever may be his relation to us he will at 
least consent to remain on the Board of Directors. 

Mr. Dewey has been for many years a promi- 
nent Mason, and on November 17, 1890, there was 
held at the Evanston, Illinois, Masonic Temple a 
memorial service in commemoration of the services 
of Sir Knight Dewey in securing a charter for the 
Evanston Commandery. There was placed in the 
walls of the Asylum a marble memorial tablet 
bearing the name of Dewey, and in the library a 
fine crayon portrait. The feelings of his Masonic 
brethren can best be evidenced by quoting direct 
from the pages of the memorial book published 
giving an account of the proceedings. In the 
dedication of the volume, Hon. Charles G. Neely 
said : " In recognition of one who so pre-emi- 
nently labored to secure our Masonic home, 
where we may meet in mystic association the 
friends and companions of our youth, and in 
honor of him who does in his life so highly exem- 
plify the noble principles of character building 
and friendship therein made, there has been placed 
in the walls of the Asylum a marble memorial 
tablet bearing the name ' Dewey,' and in our 
hearts most truly indeed are his work and worth 

Eminent Sir Charles G. Haskin said : " We have, 
therefore, Sir Knight Dewey, as a tribute of our 
respect and admiration for those knightly qualities, 
placed in the- walls of our Asylum a memorial 
Maltese cross bearing your name, and in our par- 
lors your portrait, not only to show our esteem 
and brotherly love for yourself, but to perpetuate 
the memory of those qualities of heart and mind 
the exercise of which has so much been a pleasure 
to you and at the same time the means of pro- 
viding for the fraters of Evanston a home." 

Past Eminent Sir Robert Hill : " My first intro- 
duction to Sir Knight Dewey was upon the first 
organization of this Commandery, or rather before 
its organization, and the impression I gained of 
him then was that he was a manly man and a 



knightly man. That impression has remained with 
me ever since." 

Sir H. H. C. Miller: "In all his planning and 
doing, he was absolutely unselfish. To his indom- 
itable energy, persistent effort, successful planning, 
large personal influence and eloquent words on the 
floor of the Grand Commandery on that memo- 
rable day in October, 1885, when the fight was 
finally won, we are chiefly indebted for the exist- 
ence of Evanston Commandery." 

Sir C. H. Remy : " A man, Sir Knights, ener- 
getic, persevering, faithful, loyal, true, bravely 
meeting discouragements, overcoming all obstacles, 
with the windows of his life shut against despair, 
never faltering, never failing, always brave, gallant 
and chivalrous, and winning a success that in every 
sense symbolizes the great virtues of true knight- 

Sir E. S. Weeden : " We erect here a memorial 
stone to the most noble of virtues tireless self- 
sacrifice for the good of others. And we write 
upon it the name ' Dewey.' We meet to-night to 
honor one who has been foremost in founding this 
noble order in our peerless village home. We 
honor him because he has most faithfully exem- 
plified the principles of our order. His labors in 
securing our charter were tireless, his self-sacrifice 
boundless, his faith limitless, and his final triumph 
over seeming impossibilities most signal and com- 

Sir Frank P. Crandon : " Brother Dewey, I con- 
gratulate you upon the respect and well-founded 
esteem and the constant veneration of your 
brother Sir Knights. May you always realize, as 
I believe you now realize, that your place in their 
hearts is established and that your fame in their 
hands is secure." 

Sir Volney W. Foster : " I am especially glad 
to make a memory for this man." 

Sir George S. Baker: "It is fitting that we 
should in some manner signalize and commemo- 
rate the knightly services of our frater, Sir Knight 
Dewey. Let us especially rejoice that we dedi- 
cate here no memorial of departed worth, but that 
the same patience and perseverance, the same 
faith and magnanimous valor are still with us, 
ready to take up the sword, if need be, or plead 
our cause in fitting words." 

Sir L. W. Conkey : " How beautiful, simple 
and striking is this tablet we see on the walls of 

this dear templar home of ours ! ' Dewey.' What 
does this mean? To us who know this Sir Knight, 
this Christian gentleman, who loves everything 
that is good and true, it means much." 

Sir M. B. lott : " Through the untiring efforts 
and unwearied zeal of this beloved Sir Knight, 
Evanston is in possession of a commander}-. 
This is but one of his many laudable deeds, and 
to know is but to love him." 

Sir James H. Raymond : " I have the most 
unbounded confidence and the warmest admiration 
in and for his integrity and his absolute devotion 
of mind, body and estate to all persons and plans 
in which he has confidence." 

Sir W. S. Mellen: "If ever knight possessed 
knightly virtues to make him the peer of any 
king, Sir Knight Dewey is the man. With a heart 
as tender as a woman's, with a hand always open 
to aid those in trouble or distress, and with a soul 
brave and true to every conviction of right, any 
man can be proud of his friendship, and those who 
are so blessed can rejoice in his love. In the 
many years I have known Sir Knight Dewey, and 
in which there have grown up between us friendly 
ties of more than ordinary strength, I have learned 
to judge him as a man far above the ordinary. 
Positive in his convictions, tender in his loves, 
loyal in his friendships, a knight beyond reproach. 
Would there were more such men in the world ! 
If there were such men in the world to hold the 
balance of power, corruption would die from lack 
of sustenance, the jail doors rot off their hinges, 
and wrong in high places be unknown." 

Sylvester F. Jones, D. D. : " In honoring him 
you honor yourselves. If the establishment of 
your Commandery in Evanston was a work of 
difficulty, requiring energy, patience and persist- 
ence, combined with moral courage, he was just 
the man for the work. I have found in him these 
qualities in a very marked in fact, exceptionally 
marked degree ; qualities which may be summed 
up in one word, a word lustrous in earth and 
Heaven fidelity." 

Rev. N. D. Hillis: "Happy is he who gathers 
as he goes such symmetry and shapeliness, such 
temper and quality, and measures out such sym- 
pathy and justice as evoke from comrades and 
neighbors such tributes of praise." 

The above quotations from eminent Sir Knights 
show this man's character, and are an endorsement 

4 6 


beyond question. In all the relations of life, 
whether of a business or social nature, his charac- 
ter has been beyond reproach, and his integrity 
has never been questioned. His loyalty to every 
interest committed to his care has led him to 
assume burdens from which men would shrink. 

Charitable at all times and to all people, he is rec- 
ognized as the firm friend and gallant defender of 
the poor, towards whose needs he has ever gen- 
erously contributed in time and money. It is a 
life notably worthy of emulation by all who would 
have it truthfully said of them, " Well done," 



AMONG the successful and distinguished men 
of Chicago, none deserves a more honorable 
mention than he whose name heads this biogra- 
phy. A native of Genesee county, New York, he 
was born February 20, 1821, the son of David 
and Eunice (Sackett) Higgins. His father was a 
native of East Haddam, Conn., and a farmer by 
occupation ; he settled in Cayuga county, New 
York, in 1814; later removed to Genesee county, 
but afterwards returned to Cayuga county and 
died there in 1827. His mother, a native of Ver- 
mont, died in 1847. She was a daughter of Will- 
iam Sackett and sister of the Hon. William A. 
Sackett, now a resident of Saratoga, and formerly 
member of Congress from Seneca county, New 
York. David and Eunice Higgins had eight sons, 
of whom our subject was the fifth. 

He received his primary education in the 
public schools of Auburn and Seneca Falls, New 
York, and at the early age of twelve years en- 
gaged in business at the last named place, as 
a clerk in the store of his eldest brother. 
Four years later, in 1837, prompted by an am- 
bition for a field of action where his powers 
might have full and free scope, he removed to 
Chicago, where his brother, A. D. Higgins, had 
established himself in 1835 as proprietor of a 
general store, and with whom he associated him- 
self as an assistant. Chicago then had less than 
five thousand inhabitants. After leaving school 
he persisted in keeping up his studies, devoting 
all his spare time to that end, and during the win- 
ter of 1837-8 taught a district school in Vermilion 
county, Illinois, with much success. 

Prior to this time his brother had become 
publisher of the Missouri Argus, a daily paper 
of St. Louis, Mo., then a prosperous city of 
some fifteen thousand inhabitants, and in the 

spring of 1839 our subject went thither and 
spent a year in reportorial work. He after- 
wards engaged in mercantile business at St. 
Louis on his own account, and although the 
venture proved a financial success, he was not 
satisfied, and yielding to a long cherished desire- 
to enter the legal profession, voluntarily sold out 
his business and turned his attention to the study 
of law. In the spring of 1842, being then twenty- 
one years of age, he went to Iroquois county, 
Illinois, and there continued his legal studies, and 
a few months later was duly admitted to the bar. 
He practiced one year at Middleport, and in 1845 
removed to Galena, Illinois, where, in the follow- 
ing year, he associated himself with O. C. Pratt, 
Esq., afterwards a judge of the Supreme Court of 
Oregon, and later judge of one of the District 
Courts at San Francisco, Cal. This partnership 
continued till 1849. Mr. Higgins continued the 
practice of law at Galena with constantly increas- 
ing success and popularity till 1852, and during 
his residence there was for two years City Attor- 
ney. Returning to Chicago, which had grown to 
be a city of thirty thousand inhabitants, he soon 
afterwards formed a partnership with Messrs. 
Corydon Beckwith and B. F. Strother, under the 
firm name of Higgins, Beckwith and Strother. 
The firm prospered from the start and soon came 
to be one of the most prominent in Chicago. 

Mr. Higgins had never sought the honors or 
emoluments of office, although from the beginning 
of his career as a lawyer he had taken an active 
interest in political matters. With the more intel- 
ligent class of his fellow-citizens, by whom he was 
naturally looked to as a leader, he was opposed to 
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise and the 
extension of slavery, and upon the formation of 
the Republican party in 1856, he became identi- 

The CeniuiyM>UahinfcEn|rffirin| Co. Quests 





fied with it, and two years later was elected to the 
General Assembly of Illinois on the Republican 
ticket. In the legislature he held a commanding 
position, and became known as a high-minded, 
patriotic and impartial legislator, and at the close 
of his term he was elected judge of the Superior 
Court of Chicago by an overwhelming majority. 

During the period of the civil war, Judge 
Higgins was conspicuous for his zeal in the 
cause of the Union. He was a warm personal 
friend and staunch supporter of President Lincoln, 
and in word and deed lent himself to the support 
of the measures inaugurated by those who were 
in accord with the President in his work of saving 
the Union. He early saw the necessity of organi- 
zation among Union men, and was largely instru- 
mental in forming the Union Defense Committee 
of Chicago, which may justly be classed with the 
Union League and other leading organizations that 
rendered such efficient service and contributed so 
largely to the success of the Union cause. Judge 
Higgins was prominent as a member of the exec- 
utive committee of this organization, and by his 
counsels and work rendered services in raising and 
equipping recruits, furnishing supplies and cloth- 
ing, helping the sick and wounded and comforting 
the bereaved, that gained for him a high place in 
the esteem of his fellow-citizens, as a patriot and 

In the fall of 1865, Judge Higgins resigned 
from the bench, and forming a partnership with 
the Hon. Leonard Swett and Col. David Quigg, 
under the firm name of Higgins, Swett and 
Quigg, resumed the practice of law. This relation- 
ship continued until 1872, when he withdrew from 
the firm to accept the presidency of the Babcock 
Manufacturing Company. Four years later, on 
January 1st, 1876, he withdrew from active parti- 
cipation in the affairs of this company, and took 
charge of the financial department of the Charter 
Oak Life Insurance Co. for the Western States. 
Judge Higgins, as proprietor of Rose Hill Ceme- 
tery Co., has been at the head of that organization 
since 1872, and since 1880 has been president of 
the National Life Insurance Company of the 
United States, the only life insurance company 
in existence chartered by Congress. He is also 
president of the Fidelity Safe Deposit 'Company 
of Chicago ; is a member of the Chicago Bar 
Association, of the American Bar Association and 

of the American Academy of Political and Social 
Science, and was one of the charter members of 
the Chicago Historical Society. He is a man of 
genial, sunny nature and social qualities of a high 
order, and finds time to indulge his social tastes, 
being a member of the Kenwood Club, the Wash- 
ington Park Club, the Union League Club, and 
president of the Hyde Park Suburban Club. 
Throughout his busy life, Judge Higgins has been 
an enthusiastic lover of mechanical arts and has 
devoted much time to mechanical pursuits, and in 
gratifying his tastes in this direction has invented 
and patented a number of important mechanical 
appliances. In forming an estimate of the char- 
acter of Judge Higgins, one cannot but be im- 
pressed with his varied talents and qualities. The 
late Emery A. Storrs speaking of him, said, " He 
is a man of great public spirit, and is in feeling 
and character a typical Western man. From the 
beginning, Judge Higgins has seen with a vision 
clearer than most men, not only the probabilities 
but also the possibilities of the West ; and what a 
quarter of a century and more ago he so clearly 
saw, and what he so confidently prophesied, he has 
diligently worked to realize." Throughout his 
life he has been a diligent student, and, especially 
in the line of his profession, has given to his intel- 
lectual tastes the fullest scope. Endowed by 
nature with a legal and judicial mind, he engaged 
in his professional work with a zeal and love that 
could not but lead to the highest attainments 
and win for him an honorable name. He was 
especially noted for his pains-taking in the prepa- 
ration of his cases, and by reason of his thorough 
knowledge of the law, performed his professional 
work with an ease and naturalness that marked 
him as a master and leader. Possessed of a pro- 
digious memory, he was enabled to recall de- 
cisions and precedents at will, so that on the 
bench he was able to dispatch the business of his 
court with rapidity ; and so thorough was his 
comprehension of legal principles, and such his 
conscientious regard for the duties of his high 
office, that he made few mistakes of judgment 
and his decisions were rarely reversed. As a 
judge he dealt with law not merely in the abstract, 
but applied its principles with discretion and 
justice, in which he was greatly aided by his 
thorough acquaintance with business and business 
methods. In judicial manner he was a model ; 


courteous and affable, patient and attentive to all, 
he knew no favorites ; and no lawyer practicing 
in his court ever had just cause to complain of 
unfair treatment. A point presented, though new 
and seemingly opposed to the current authority, 
received his careful attention and if reason justi- 
fied, was fearlessly sustained. Always deeply 
interested in young men, his position on the bench 
afforded him many opportunities of aiding and 
encouraging the younger members of the bar who 
appeared before him. Comparatively few of those 
who practiced before him are still members of the 
Chicago bar ; but wherever they are, his profound 
learning, patient forbearance, uniform courtesy 
and genial yet dignified manner, will ever be held 
in honor and grateful remembrance. 

In personal appearance Judge Higgins is tall 
and well proportioned and has a commanding and 
dignified bearing, with features marked by firm- 
ness and decision of character, yet softened by 
culture and amiability of manner. His life has 
been one of constant activity ; and in whatever 

position placed he has shown himself master of it, 
achieving both distinction and success. Public- 
spirited, large-hearted and high-minded, his public 
acts and private life alike have contributed to the 
welfare of his fellows, and it is but fitting and just 
to say that he holds a first place among the 
honored men who have made it possible for their 
adopted city to attain to the high position she 
now holds among the leading cities of our land ; 
while among his personal friends and acquaint- 
ances, he is loved and revered for his kindly, noble 
deeds and manly qualities of mind and heart. 
Although his life has been so full of activity, yet 
he has always cherished a love for home and no- 
where finds greater enjoyment than when gathered 
with his family, or entertaining his friends around 
his own fire-side and hospitable board. 

Judge Higgins has been twice married ; first in 
1847 to Mrs. E. S. Alexander, of Jacksonville, 
Illinois, who died in 1882. In 1883, he was mar - 
ried to Miss Lena Isabel Morse, a daughter of Mr. 
A. C. Morse, of San Francisco, California. 



BY the death of an upright and honorable citi- 
zen, the community sustains an irreparable 
loss, and is deprived of the presence of one whom 
it had come to look upon as a guardian, benefactor 
and friend. Death often removes from our midst 
those whom we can ill afford to spare ; whose 
place it is difficult to fill ; whose lives and actions 
have been all that is exemplary of the true and 
thereby really great citizen, and whose whole 
career, both business and social, serves as a model 
to the young and as a rejuvenation, as it were, to 
the aged. Such a career sheds a brightness and a 
lustre around everything with which it comes in 
contact. It creates by its usefulness and general 
benevolence a memory whose perpetuation does 
not depend upon brick or stone, but upon the 
spontaneous and free-will offering of a grateful 
and enlightened people. 

By the death of John Crerar, October 19, 1889, 
the city of Chicago lost one of its most respected 
and prominent citizens. Born in New York City 
in 1827, his parents were Scotch, and he in- 

herited from them the sterling characteristics of 
that vigorous race. Educated in the schools of 
that city, he at length engaged in business there 
and became a member of the firm of Jesup, 
Kennedy and Co. He was prominent there both 
in business and social affairs, and possessing a 
large circle of friends, he kept up his acquaintance 
with many of them until the day of his death. 

In 1862, Mr. Crerar located in Chicago, in which 
city he resided ever after. He was the senior 
of the well-known firm of Crerar, Adams and 
Co., and one of the incorporators of the Pullman 
Palace Car Co., of which he was a director. He 
was also a director of the Chicago and Alton 
Railroad Co.; the Illinois Trust and Savings 
Bank ; the Chicago Relief and Aid Society ; the 
Presbyterian Hospital ; vice-president of the 
Chicago Orphan Asylum, and president of the 
Chicago and Joliet Railroad Co. He was also 
connected with many other organizations and 
was a member of the Chicago, Calumet and 
Union Clubs. He was a frequent attendant at 


the meetings of the Commercial and Literary 
clubs and evinced much interest in their literary 

In speaking of Mr. Crerar's death, Mr. J. Mc- 
Gregor Adams, who for a quarter of a century 
had been his partner and intimate friend, said : 
" I have been a partner and friend of Mr. Crerar 
for twenty-five years and his loss is a severe blow 
to me. He was a big-souled, generous man, 
liberal in all things, and one whose friendship was 
a thing to be prized and to be proud of. He was 
a philanthropist of the noblest type, and did a 
wonderful amount of good in a quiet way. For 
twenty-five years he and I have been business 
partners, and during that long period we never 
had a quarrel or dispute in any way. That 
thought will always be sacred in my memory and 
form one of my most pleasant recollections of 
him. To his employees he was always the same 
pleasant, genial and approachable. Frank and 
outspoken, decided in his views, he never hesi- 
tated to express them, though it was always done 
in an affable manner. He had a vein of quiet 
humor that made him a very companionable man. 
Full of fun and anecdote, he dearly loved a 
good story. His peculiar manner of throwing back 
the lapel of his coat when telling a story will 
always be remembered by his friends." 

In religious faith he was a Presbyterian, and 
was a member and regular attendant of the 
Second Presbyterian Church, being one of the 
trustees, and always exhibited large-hearted liber- 
ality and generous interest in its welfare. In poli- 
tics he was a Republican, though he never held 
office, with one exception. At the last presiden- 
tial election he was elected as the Presidential 
Elector from the First District of Illinois. 

As a citizen he was modest and retiring, but 
always ready and prompt to give of his means 
when calls for help were made on the city. After 
the great fire of '71, he was a member of the 
Relief and Aid Society, and gave valuable assist- 
ance to that noble organization. The contribu- 
tions from the New York Chamber of Commerce 
and other donors to the relief fund were entrusted 
to him. 

The number of organizations to which he be- 
longed attest the respect and esteem in which he 
was held by his associates. A man of strong 
personality, refined and simple tastes, he enjoyed 

art, literature and music ; of a genial and happy 
temperament, he was very sympathetic and com- 
panionable. Possessed of positive convictions, 
nothing could swerve him from his sense of duty 
and of right. 

By his will which was probated for upwards 
of $3,500,000 he left to charitable and benevo- 
lent institutions princely legacies, amongst them 
being the Second Presbyterian Church, the Scotch 
Presbyterian Church of New York, the Chicago 
Orphan Asylum, the Nursery and Half Orphan 
Asylum, Chicago Presbyterian Hospital, the Chi- 
cago Historical Society, the Illinois Training 
School for Nurses, the Presbyterian League, the 
Old People's Home, the Home for the Friendless, 
the Chicago Relief and Aid Society, the St. An- 
drew's Societies of Chicago and New York, the 
Chicago Manual and Training School, the Young 
Men's Christian Association, the Chicago Bible 
Society, St. Luke's Free Hospital and the Ameri- 
can Sunday School Union. 

For a monument to Abraham Lincoln he gave 
$100,000, and over $2,000,000 for the founding of 
a free public library. The bequests were divided 
thus: About $1,000,000 to religious, historical, 
literary and benevolent institutions, and to rela- 
tives and friends about $600,000. It was patriot- 
ism as much as friendship which prompted him 
to set apart $100,000 for a colossal statue to 
Abraham Lincoln. These gifts alone would have 
endeared perpetually his name to the people of 
Chicago. But even nobler than these, as indi- 
cating broader and more enduring influences, is 
the Free Public Library Fund, that will give to 
the city one of the most beneficent institutions it 
is the privilege of any city in the Union to possess. 
By the terms of this bequest, the books, period- 
icals, etc., are to be selected with a view to ex- 
tending a healthy, moral and Christian tone 
throughout the community, and to the exclusion 
of nastiness and immorality. He requested in 
his will the following friends to act as the first 
board of directors of the library, viz.: Norman 
Williams, Huntington W. Jackson, Marshall Field, 
E. W. Blatchford, T. B. Blackstone, Robert T. 
Lincoln, Henry W. Bishop, Albert Keep, Edson 
Keith, Simon J. McPherson, John M. Clark and 
George A. Armour. A remarkable will truly! 
One that was marked by kindness, a loving re- 
membrance and much generous sentiment. A 


will that shows the considerate spirit of the just 
man, for he provided for his relatives bountifully, 
and remembered his friends generously, while his 
provision for the poor and needy and those of the 
community standing in need of and worthy of 
help was munificent and princely in character. 
Letters testamentary were granted to Norman 
Williams (at whose residence Mr. Crerar died), 
and Huntington W. Jackson. 

The last ten years of his life he lived at the 
Grand Pacific Hotel, and was well known for the 
regularity of his habits, and many are the pleasant 
stories related of him, all emphasising more 
strongly, if possible, his many admirable qualities. 

His funeral services were held at the Second 
Presbyterian Church and conducted by the Rev. 
Drs. Patterson and McPherson. His remains were 
then taken to New York where similar services 
were held at the Scotch Presbyterian Church and 
conducted by Rev. Drs. Hall and Hamilton. 
Both services were largely attended. In New 
York city the flag of the Mercantile Library 

Association, of which Mr. Crerar .was at one time 
president, was hung at half mast. 

His parents and two brothers, the only mem- 
bers of his family, lie buried in Greenwood Ceme- 
tery, Brooklyn, and in compliance with Mr. 
Crerar's request, his remains were placed by the 
side of his " honored mother." Upon the stone 
which marks his grave are the words, " A just man 
and one that feared God." Upon his father's side 
he left no known relations. Upon his mother's 
side, her name being Agnes Smeallie, there are 
a number of cousins, who reside in Schenectady 
and Delaware counties, N. Y. 

By the death of Mr. Crerar the church lost one 
of its most earnest and sincere supporters, the 
city an honorable and upright citizen, and his 
friends a warm-hearted companion. His memory 
will long be cherished and his name often and 
kindly spoken of by those who knew him, also by 
that still larger circle for whom he has done so 
much, and for whose welfare and happiness he was 
an untiring worker to the last. 



A NDERSON FOWLER, the managing direc- 
L\. tor of the interests of the celebrated Fowler 
Bros. (Limited), belongs to that hardy class of 
American citizens who claim a heritage of Irish- 
Scotch ancestry. His father, George Fowler, of 
County Fermanagh, of North Ireland, traced his 
ancestry to a reverend member of the Fowler 
family, who was a chaplain in Oliver Cromwell's 
army, and who came to Ireland with that leader 
and located in that section of northern Ireland 
in which our subject was born. The Fowler 
family were celebrated in England long before 
this, as one of its members, Charles Fowler, was 
knighted during the time of the Crusades. 

This English yeoman was apprised of the ap- 
proach of the enemy's array by the tooting of an 
owl, which noise awakened him from his sleep, 
and enabled him to give an alarm that saved the 
army from a disastrous surprise. For this action 
he was knighted, and he chose an owl as the sym- 
bol of his coat-of-arms. This explains the reason 
that an owl is used as the Fowler crest. His 

maternal ancestors, Anderson by name, were of 
the sturdy Scotch race; thus it can be seen that 
our subject is of the purest Anglo-Saxon extrac- 

He was born in County Fermanagh, North 
Ireland, on June 16, 1843. His school education 
was obtained in the public schools of his native 
section. When but twelve years of age, he began 
his business career by entering his father's busi- 
ness, which had been established in 1842. This 
business was in the wholesale provision line, a line 
he has followed, with slight variations, ever since. 
In 1858 George Fowler, our subject's father, re- 
tired from mercantile life, and seven of his sons 
formed a co-partnership and succeeded to their 
father's business, organizing under the name of 
Fowler Brothers, and conducting a general provi- 
sion business. 

Although but a lad of fifteen at this time, 
Anderson Fowler was made a full partner, and 
shared the profits equally with his brothers. 

The eldest of the sons of George Fowler, James, 

Of IH 




is a canon in the Church of England, and was 
never interested in the mercantile pursuits of his 
brothers. Upon the death of his father, his 
brothers having relinquished all their claims in the 
property to him, he became possessed of his fath- 
er's landed estates. This estate is composed of 
farm lands located in North Ireland, in which 
George Fowler had invested his fortune when he 
retired from business in 1858. This property has 
never been a profitable investment. 

In 1862 the Fowler Brothers began operations 
in the United States, and at that time were the 
largest dealers in butter in the world. In 1863 
they commenced business in Chicago, and since 
then our subject has divided his time between 
Liverpool, New York and Chicago. They have 
branches or agencies in all of the large cities of 
Europe and America, and the supervision that he 
has been compelled to give these different foreign 
agencies has forced him to make no less than 
seventy-seven trips across the Atlantic Ocean. 

The Fowler Brothers have always transacted 
their business upon sound business principles, and 
have always believed that a cash basis was the 
best for all concerned. Therefore, they have 
never purchased a dollar's worth of stock on 
credit. They have always been successful, and 
have ever been esteemed by the mercantile com- 
munity as good and shrewd business managers, 
who have invariably conducted their business in 
the manner that brings the best and most remun- 
erative returns. 

In 1890 the firm decided to dispose of a large 
share of their business to a company, and listed 
their stock in the different exchanges throughout 
Europe and America. Although several Ameri- 
can houses had previously done a similar thing, 
that had proved disastrous to the investors, the 
high esteem in which the Fowler Brothers were 
held caused the first issue of $3,750,000 of stock 
to be applied for more than twice over. No more 
fitting testimonial of the high respect the public 
have for the business principles and honor of this 
firm can be cited. The name of the company 
upon its incorporation became known as the " Fow- 
ler Bros. Limited," and of this gigantic company, 
with capital stock of $3,750,000 (with privilege of 
increasing same to $4,500,000), our subject, Ander- 
son Fowler, is managing director and the control- 
ling spirit. All of this capital stock, excepting 

$750,000, is held by European investors. One 
cannot realize the magnitude of the business that 
this corporation conducts. They have large inter- 
ests in the different cities of the United States 
and Europe, but the center of all is in Chicago. 
They transport their products from the West to 
the coast in their own refrigerator cars, which they 
manufacture themselves under patents of which 
they have the control. 

The distributive sales of this company exceed 
the immense sum of twenty-five millions of dollars 
annually an amount so large that it cannot be 
grasped by the average mind. 

Although an Anglo-Saxon by birth, he has 
been a citizen of this, his adopted country, for 
nearly a quarter of a century, and takes a deep 
pride in being a citizen of this Republic. Politi- 
cally, he belongs to that great, intelligent body of 
business men that are known as independent. 

In 1877 our subject was married to Miss Emily 
Arthur, daughter of the Rev. William Arthur, an 
eminent divine, of London, England. The Rev. 
Mr. Arthur is one of the most prominent clergy- 
men of Great Britain. He is the author of a num- 
ber of works of great literary merit, the most 
widely read and most popular being entitled 
" The Tongue of Fire." 'He was deeply interested 
in the Union cause during the War of the Re- 
bellion, and advocated both with his pen and his 
voice many means to assist the Northern cause. 
He used his powerful influence to introduce the 
American envoys in such manner as to enable 
them to settle the " Trent " affair, that caused so 
much disquietude on both sides of the Atlantic, 
both speedily and satisfactorily. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Anderson Fowler 
has been blessed with eleven children, eight of 
whom are still living, and in the circle of his 
home, which their happy voices and pleasant, 
cheerful countenances enhance in happiness, he 
finds that true content only found by a loving 
husband and father. 

He is a Methodist, and is ever ready, both 
with purse and influence, to assist any worthy 
religious cause. 

Such is his biography. In conclusion, it can be 
truthfully stated that Anderson Fowler has ever, 
in passing through life, used honorable principles 
that place him in a high position among the hon- 
orable business men of the world. He has ever 


conducted his business affairs in such manner as 
to gain the respect of the community ; he has 
ever endeavored to do to others as he would be 
done by. With an untarnished name and an un- 
approachable reputation, honored by his fellow- 

citizens, and revered by his many friends, who 
love him for his sterling integrity, there is no 
one who is more entitled to a prominent posi- 
tion in this biographical work than is Anderson 



THE publisher of the Chicago Herald James 
W. Scott was born in Walworth county, 
Wis., in June, 1849, ar >d is the son of D. Wilmot 
and Mary C. Scott. His father was a practical 
printer, and was both the editor and proprietor of 
newspapers at Galena, 111., for over thirty-five 
years. He died in 1888. Our subject received 
his early education in the public schools of the 
neighborhood in which he resided, and afterwards 
attended the Galena High School, and subse- 
quently Beloit College, Wis. Having learned his 
trade in his father's office, he ultimately went to 
New York and engaged in floriculture, and con- 
tributed while there numerous articles to papers 
devoted to that interest. Leaving New York, he 
became an employe of the Government Printing 
Office at Washington. In 1872, he located in 
Prince George county, Md., where he published a 
weekly newspaper. But Mr. Scott's ambition 
sought a wider field than could be obtained 
in this State at that period, and eventually re- 
turned to Galena, and together with his father 
started the Press. But a still larger field was yet 
what he desired, and after some twelve months or 
so in Galena he determined to locate in Chicago, 
which at this time was forging rapidly ahead, and 
giving every promise of a bright future, though it 
must be admitted that the position this city 
holds to-day, amongst the cities of the United 
States, was not even contemplated at this pe- 
riod (1875), by even the most sanguine of its 
citizens. Arriving here in 1875, ne purchased the 
Daily National Hotel Reporter, and by dint of 
judicious management, it became an almost im- 
mediate success. Contemplating changing it from 
a class daily to a general newspaper, Mr. Scott, 
however, ultimately decided to leave it to the 
management of his partner, F. W. Rice, who now 
so successfully conducts it. Organizing in con- 

junction with several young men from the Chicago 
dailies a stock company, in May, 1881, the 
Chicago Herald was established, and in the fol- 
lowing year Mr. John R. Walsh, the well-known 
president of the Chicago National Bank, recog- 
nizing in Mr. Scott ability and judgment of a 
rare order, purchased the stock of those associated 
with him, and thus made the success of same as 
far as matters of finance were concerned an 
assured result. But something more than money 
is required if a paper is to become a general suc- 
cess, and this also Mr. Walsh gave to Mr. Scott, 
through his long business experience which cul- 
minated in many successes, but to Mr. Scott 
must be attributed in a large degree the suc- 
cess which has marked the establishment of, 
and still continues to make the Chicago Her- 
ald, one of this city's leading journals, and 
the one which possesses one of the largest 
morning circulations in the city of Chicago. 
Surrounded by a capable staff, and maintaining a 
liberal policy in news-gathering and its prepara- 
tion for publication, Mr. Scott himself overlooks 
the whole, and by his judicious management and 
mainly through his instrumentality, it has attained 
the reputation which it to-day holds amongst the 
leading journals of America. 

He was recently elected president of the Ameri- 
can Newspaper Publishers' Association for the 
third time, and was for three terms president of the 
Press Club of this city (no other member of the 
club having ever been given a second term). 
These elections amply attest the appreciation in 
which he is held by his brother publishers and 

In addition, he is president of the United Press 
whose main offices are in New York besides 
being an active or honorary member of nearly all 
the leading clubs of Chicago ; while he is also a 



member of the famous Clover Club of Philadelphia 
and of the New York Press Club. 

In spite of the repeated enlargements of the 
Heralds quarters, they have become totally 
inadequate to meet its ever increasing require- 
ments, and in the course of a few months this 
journal will occupy an elegant structure, designed 
and erected expressly for it. The Evening Post, 
which Mr. Scott, in conjunction with Mr. Walsh, 
established in April of last year (1890) already 
occupies its own building, and as to its success, it 
is but another example of what Mr. Scott is 
capable of accomplishing and of the peculiar 
abilities he so amply possesses in connection with 
the successful publishing and management of im- 
portant journals. 

Mr. Scott was married April loth, 1873,10 Miss 
Caroline R. Greene, daughter of Daniel W. Greene, 
one of the earliest settlers of Du Page county, 

Mr. Scott having recently been elected a direc- 
tor of the Columbian Exposition as is generally 
known was offered the presidency of the World's 
Columbian Exposition, but owing to the enormous 
pressure he already sustains, in connection with his 
varied interests, he was forced to decline the same. 

Embodying that combination so rarely met 
with, of the capable editor and the shrewd busi- 
ness manager, he is thoroughly practical in all 
departments, and to this fact may, we think, be 
attributed the phenomenal success which has at- 
tended his career in the city of Chicago, of which 
city he is a prominent and leading citizen, while 
he also ranks as one of the most popular and 
successful journalists of the country. In manner 
courteous and affable, he is easily approached, 
while he possesses an innumerable host of both 
friends and acquaintances. A typical Chicagoan, 
he is one who is highly esteemed, and one whose 
further success may yet be looked for. 



THh subject of this sketch was born on a 
farm near Clarksburgh, Harrison county, 
Virginia, August 27, 1848, the son of James M. 
and Clarissa (Swiger) Ashcraft. The family con- 
sisted of two sons and two daughters, of whom 
Edwin is the eldest. His brother is connected 
with the Tacoma Globe, at Tacoma, Washington. 

The Ashcraft homestead was very near the seat 
of the late War of the Rebellion, and several mem- 
bers of the family fought on behalf of the Union 
cause. Edwin received his early education in the 
public schools and afterwards entered Wheeling 
University, and subsequently studied at the 
State University at Normal, 111. During 1867-68 
and '69, young Ashcraft taught school, devot- 
ing his leisure hours to the study of law. In 
1873, he passed his examination before the 
Supreme Court at Springfield, and was admitted 
to the bar of Illinois, and at once opened an office 
and began the practice of his profession at Van- 
dalia, and met with good success from the first. 

In 1873, he was elected Prosecuting Attorney 
of Fayette county, 111., and held that office three 
years. In 1876, he was nominated on the Repub- 

lican ticket as congressman from the Sixteenth 
Congressional District, and although unsuccessful, 
such was his popularity that he reduced the 
former Democratic majority of his district from 
five thousand to fourteen hundred. His oppon- 
ent in this contest was Mr. W. A. J. Sparks, who 
served as Land Commissioner under President 

Removing to Chicago, April, 1887, he associated 
himself with Messrs. Cratty Bros., under the firm 
name of Cratty Bros, and Ashcraft. On June i, 
1891, he withdrew from that firm and formed the 
present firm of Ashcraft and Gordon. Mr. Ash- 
craft is distinctively a trial lawyer, and from the 
time of his arrival in Chicago, he has been emi- 
nently successful, having all the business he can 
attend to, while his reputation is such that he is 
in a position to select his cases. 

In politics Mr. Ashcraft is a staunch Republican, 
and he is a member also of the Hamilton Club. 
He was married in 1875 to Miss Florence R. 
Moore, daughter of Mr. Risden Moore, of Belle- 
ville, 111., by whom he has four children, one of 
whom is a popular singer at the Woodlawn Epis- 


copalian Church. A man of domestic tastes, he 
finds his truest happiness in the delights of home, 
and cares little for political or club life. He is not 
a member of any church, but contributes liberally 
to all worthy benevolent and charitable objects. 

A tireless worker, persevering and industrious, 
he never relaxes his energy until the case or the 
work he has in hand is completed. He is a force- 
ful speaker, his style of argument being at once 

clear, logical and convincing. He never resorts 
to clap-trap, and indulges but little in flowers of 
rhetoric, but in a plain, matter-of-fact manner 
appeals to the good sense and judgment of his 
auditors. He is a man of broad humanity, strict 
integrity, and great popularity, and counts among 
his personal friends men of all classes and ranks, 
and is justly entitled to be ranked with Chicago's 
representative men. 



FOR thirty-eight years, he whose name heads 
this biography has been a resident of Chi- 
cago, and as such he has taken a prominent posi- 
tion amongst those who have materially added to 
the prosperity of the city, and at the same time 
he has used his most earnest efforts to better the 
moral status of the people. 

In Barry, among the Green Mountains of Ver- 
mont, on January 28th, 1833, Edson Keith was 
born. Through his father, Martin Keith, a New 
England farmer, he traces his ancestry to Scotland, 
the town of Keith being named after the family, 
the founders of the American branch of which 
were among the early settlers of New England. 

The childhood days of Mr. Keith were passed 
by attending the common schools in his native 
town and assisting his father in his pastoral du- 
ties as much as his age would permit. He re- 
sided in Montpelier, Vermont, four years, and in 
1854 removed thence to Chicago, where his intro- 
duction to mercantile life was as clerk in a retail 
dry goods house. In 1856 he entered the employ 
of Benedict, Mallory and Farnum, wholesale deal- 
ers in hats, caps and furs, and remained with that 
firm as salesman and collector for four years, 
when he became associated with his brother, O. 
R. Keith, Esq., and Mr. A. E. Faxon, under the 
firm name of Keith, Faxon and Co., jobbers of 
hats, caps, furs, millinery and straw goods. In 
1865 Mr. Faxon retired from the firm, and E. 
G. Keith, a younger brother of our subject, was 
admitted into co-partnership, the style of the firm 
becoming Keith Brothers. 

In 18/9 O- R- Keith withdrew from Keith 
Brothers and established the wholesale millinery 

business of O. R. Keith and Co., which continued 
until 1884, when the two firms of Keith Brothers 
and O. R. Keith and Co. were consolidated under 
the name of Edson Keith and Co. In 1887 the 
corporation of Keith Bros, and Co. was formed 
to conduct a wholesale hat and cap business, and 
our subject became president of that corporation. 

Mr. Keith has other large interests, among the 
most important of which are his connection with 
the Metropolitan National Bank, of which he is a 
director, and his interest in the firm of Keith and 
Co., which controls a large terminal grain elevator. 
He has at various times been active in real estate 
transactions, and is one of the most sanguine and 
enthusiastic believers in the greatness of Chicago. 
His entire business interests have been so con- 
ducted as to bring most satisfactory results, and 
his reputation for straightforward, honest dealing 
is unchallenged. 

Politically, Mr. Keith's sympathies are with the 
Republican party, but he is not bigoted nor 
bound strictly to party lines, believing always that 
the man best fitted for the office should be chosen 
by the people, whether Republican or Democrat. 
He is interested in religious matters, but is not a 
member of any church organization, and is a 
generous friend of charitable institutions. 

Socially, Mr. Keith is much esteemed, and for 
three years (during which time the new home of 
the club was erected) he was president of the 
Calumet Club. He is also a member of the 
various clubs of Chicago and New York. 

In 1860 Mr. Keith was married to Miss Wood- 
ruff, daughter of one of the earlier settlers of 
Chicago. Their family consists of two sons. The 




elder, Edson, Jr., graduated from Yale in 1884, 
and spent three years at the Columbia Law 
School, in New York. The younger son, Walter 
W., is now a student at Yale. 

Mr. Keith is a lover of art and a student of 
literature. He is a friend of the Art Institute, 
and was vice-president of that institution for sev- 
eral terms. He has traveled very extensively, 
making annual trips to Europe, and by ming. 
ling with the people of the world his mind has 
been richly stored and his views of life broad- 

The Citizens' Association of Chicago owes not 

a little of its prestige to the labors of Mr. Keith, 
who assisted in its organization and for three 
years was its president. 

Such is the biography of one of the foremost 
men of the West, who owes the high position he 
now occupies entirely to his own exertions and 
his honor and integrity. The teachings of his 
parents were such as to inspire him with love for 
truth and honesty, and these teachings, combined 
with a natural instinct, have made him ever de- 
spise anything that had the least taint of dishon- 
esty. He is a most illustrious prototype of the 
self-made man. 



IT has been said that the study of biography 
yields to no other subject in point of interest 
and profit ; and while it is true that all bio- 
graphies, and more especially those of successful 
men, have much in common, yet the life sketches 
of no two individuals are alike. Each has its 
distinctions and various points of interest, and 
each is accordingly complete in itself. 

The subject of this sketch was born on the 
27th of May, 1846, and is the son of Egbert and 
Caroline (Woodward) Jamieson, his mother being 
a daughter of Theodore Woodward, at one time 
president of Castleton Medical College, Vermont. 
His father was an eminent surgeon and a pro- 
fessor of surgery in both Castleton, Vt., and 
Albany, N. Y., medical colleges, and subse- 
quently became surgeon of the First Wisconsin 

Our subject is one of nine children, of whom 
four are now living, his only brother being ex- 
Judge Egbert Jamieson, of Chicago. Young 
Jamieson received his early education in the 
public and private schools at Racine, Wisconsin. 
By the death of his father he was thrown upon 
his own resources, and at the age of twenty years 
began life for himself. This was in 1864. Going 
to Chicago, he obtained a clerkship with the 
Chicago and Milwaukee Railroad Company, which 
he held some two years. Resigning this position, 
he entered the dry goods house of S. D. Jackson 
and Co., as cashier, and remained with them 

three years, when the house failed, and through 
the influence of the senior partner he became 
teller of the Fourth National Bank of Chicago. 
Two months later that bank was sold to the 
Manufacturers' National Bank, and Mr. Jamieson 
being offered a similar position with that institu- 
tion, accepted the same and held it until the 
panic of 1873 compelled that bank to go into 
liquidation. He then became connected with the 
First National Bank of Chicago, as teller, and 
remained with this bank until 1886, when he 
determined to commence business for himself, 
associating with himself Mr. William S. Morse, 
under the firm name of Morse, Jamieson and Co. 
They opened a banking and brokerage business 
at the corner of Dearborn and Madison streets. 
Mr. Morse subsequently withdrew from the busi- 
ness on account of ill-health, and since his retire- 
ment Mr. Jamieson, in connection with R. C. 
Nickerson, Esq., and J. H. Waggoner, late of the 
firm of W. G. McCormick and Co., has carried on 
the business under the name of Jamieson and Co., 
it being at this time (1892) located at No. 115 
Dearborn street. Jamieson and Co. are promi- 
nent members of the New York Stock Exchange, 
Chicago Stock Exchange and Board of Trade. 
On account of excessive competition Mr. Jamie- 
son's friends tried to dissuade him from this busi- 
ness venture, but the success that has attended 
him has proved the wisdom of his determination. 
(Mr. Jamieson is vice-president of the Chicago 



Stock Exchange and one of its governing com- 
mittee.) He is also a member of the Union, 
the Germania, and the Athletic Clubs of Chicago. 
He has traveled extensively both in the United 
States and Europe. 

He holds the views of the Universalist Church 
in matters of religion, but is liberal in his senti- 
ments, and accords to others that freedom of 
choice which he himself would desire. 

In political matters he is a Democrat, though 
he takes no active part in party affairs. 

He was married in 1872 to Miss Julia S. 
Daniels, daughter of William Y. Daniels, of 

Chicago. They have three children, viz.: Malcolm 
M., Jr., William W. and Julia May. 

In personal appearance Mr. Jamieson is rather 
under the medium height, of robust build and 
light complexion, with a pleasing presence and 
address. In manner he is courteous and affable, 
genial and sociable, and possesses the happy 
facility of making and retaining friends. The 
architect of his own fortunes, he has by perseve- 
rance and untiring energy, combined with much 
native shrewdness and more than ordinary ability, 
won success, and is numbered amongst the repre- 
sentative business men of Chicago. 



THE city of Chicago is now and probably has 
been the home of as many men who have 
quietly and persistently, day by day and year by 
year, wrung practical favors from perverse fortune, 
as any city on the face of the globe. Though not 
a native of either this city or State, yet it was in 
the city of Chicago the subject of this sketch, the 
late respected Cyrus H. McCormick, resided for 
thirty-seven years. It was here he erected the 
mammoth works which to-day bear his name, and 
although many of his triumphs were undoubtedly 
won, and much of his success gained, previous to 
his location in this city, it was, however, in the 
city of Chicago that Cyrus H. McCormick devel- 
oped and consolidated his immense enterprises, 
achieved many of his most brilliant triumphs, and 
dying bequeathed to posterity a name which will 
remain a household word during centuries yet to 

His life history is that of one of the greatest 
inventors this century has produced. It is the 
life history of one who has done much for the 
advancement of civilization, insured the rapid 
development of this great country, and advanced 
the interests of our greatest and principal indus- 
try, viz., that of agriculture, in a manner and by 
such means as were not even contemplated in 
the earlier decades of the present century. He 
added lustre to the name of America by the 
benefit he conferred upon mankind, while his 
extensive philanthropy and the objects thereof 

will ever remain as a perpetual monument to him 
whose memory is still green within the hearts of 
thousands who enjoy the fruits of his genius and 
whose paths through life have been considerably 
smoothed as the result of his magnificent liberality 
to institutions of a benevolent and educational 

Cyrus H. McCormick was born in Rockbridge 
county, Virginia, February 15, 1809. His par- 
ents were both of Scotch-Irish descent. His 
father, Robert McCormick, was a native of Rock- 
bridge county, while his mother, Mary Ann (Hall) 
McCormick, came from the adjoining county of 
Augusta, in the same State. They had eight 
children, of whom our subject was the eldest. 
Owning several farms, with saw and grist mills, 
together with blacksmithing, carpentering and 
machinery shops for the repair and renewal of 
such implements as his business necessitated his 
possessing, Robert McCormick had more than a 
merely local reputation for mechanical ingenuity ; 
an ingenuity which subsequently became so 
strongly and prominently developed in Cyrus, 
the subject of our present sketch. Limited in his 
educational facilities, Cyrus, however, obtained the 
rudiments of a good common-school education at 
the "Old Field School House," and by self- 
application and study added considerably to his 
knowledge gained therein, for he was naturally 
bright, possessing as he did a retentive memory 
and a mind quick of observation and keen of per- 

c //. 





ception. He learned surveying at home while 
recovering from a fever. 

Inheritance of traits, characteristics, ability, was 
developed at an early age in young McCormick, 
for he was barely fifteen years of age when he 
constructed a finely-made grain cradle for his own 
use in the harvest field, a cradle not quite as large 
as a man's full size, with which he helped to har- 
vest the crops, keeping up with the others. His 
invention of a hillside plow, capable of being 
used either as a right or left hand plow, at the 
will of the operator (patented in 1831), and 
two years later his invention of a superior hori- 
zontal self-sharpening plow showed the mechan- 
ical bent of his mind, and demonstrated in no 
uncertain manner his possession of genius, and 
such as at a subsequent period brought him fame 
and honors of the highest and most exclusive 

It had long been an idea with young McCor- 
mick that machinery should supersede the old- 
time method of cutting grain by hand labor. Its 
possibility had often occurred to him. In 1816 
his father who in the meantime had invented 
several valuable machines, embracing threshing, 
hydraulic and hemp-breaking, and upon some of 
which he had obtained patents put to a practical 
test a machine of his own invention for the cut- 
ting of grain, which, while it failed to accomplish 
its purpose inasmuch as though performing its 
work satisfactorily upon standing grain, it was 
unavailable when the same had lodged yet ac- 
complished something of importance, for it was 
the means of drawing his son's mind to the sub- 
ject of cutting grain by machinery, and he came 
to the conclusion that the principle adopted by 
his father in the construction of his machine was 
radically wrong. His father's machine had up- 
right revolving cylinders, provided at their base 
with knives like sickles. Young McCormick, 
however, became convinced that the true prin- 
ciple lay in the construction of a machine which 
would operate on the grain as a mass, with a 
horizontal reciprocating blade. To think was 
with him but to act, and, although remonstrated 
with by his father for his seeming waste of time 
and abilities, he could not be diverted from his 
course. Concluding that the necessary motion 
to cut the grain could be obtained by means of a 
crank attached to the end of the reciprocating 

blade, he made this one of the principles of the 
new machine, and having at length matured his 
ideas, he proceeded to transfer them into wood 
and iron, and with his own hand, and in his 
father's shops, young McCormick made every 
portion of this, his first machine. It consisted of 
three main features, viz., a vibrating cutting blade, 
a reel to bring the grain within reach of the blade, 
and a platform whereon to receive the falling 
grain. This machine, drawn by two horses, was 
put to a practical test during the latter part of 
the harvest of 1831, in a field of oats within a 
mile or so of the McCormick homestead. Though 
imperfect, it proved remarkably successful, and 
we can imagine, though perhaps but faintly, the 
emotions of its young inventor at perceiving his 
fondest hopes realized. For there, and in the 
presence of the neighboring farmers who had con- 
gregated to witness its trial, young McCormick 
had the satisfaction of witnessing its triumph, 
and of receiving the congratulations of those 
present his father being among the number 
as the problem of cutting standing grain by ma- 
chinery had at length been solved, and what was 
hitherto but a dream had now become a certainty. 
Sometimes, while experimenting, his mother's 
great interest in the invention led her to go to 
the field to watch the operation of the machine, 
riding her own favorite horse the same on which 
she rode Sundays to Old Providence Church , 

Shortly after this Mr. McCormick engaged in a 
partnership for the smelting of iron ore, for at 
this period this industry offered him a larger field 
for the exercise of his ambition, and also prom- 
ised to be more profitable than the reaper. The 
panic of 1837, however, greatly reduced the price 
of iron, and financial disaster ruined the enter- 
prise. Equal to the occasion, however, Mr. 
McCormick determined to sacrifice all his re- 
sources and to liquidate at any cost his liabilities 
in connection therewith, by these means main- 
taining the honor of his name and his character 
as an upright and honest man. In order to pay 
up the indebtedness of the iron business, he was 
forced to part with even the farm which his father 
had given him, and in doing this he preserved a 
conspicuous characteristic of his whole life a 
stern integrity. 

Once more he turned his attention to the 
reaper. He now started in earnest upon the 



manufacture of ic invention over whose improve- 
ment he had spent so much time and thought in 
the workshops on the old homestead, and with 
the assistance of his father and two brothers, 
William and Leander, achieved important results, 
considering the disadvantages under which the 
business was carried on made, as these reapers 
were, by hand. In those days there were no 
railroads and but few steamboats, while it was 
necessary that the sickles should be manufactured 
forty miles away, and they had to be carried on 
horseback. However, notwithstanding the many 
difficulties which beset them, they succeeded in 
turning out about ten machines per annum. Con- 
vinced, however, that as soon as their merits be- 
came known, the demand would become increas- 
ingly great, with unremitting energy they kept on 
manufacturing and improving. In 1844 the first 
consignment was sent to the Western prairies, the 
same being taken in wagons from the workshops 
at Walnut Grove to Richmond, Virginia (a dis- 
tance of 1 20 miles), and thence shipped to New 
Orleans and up the Mississippi and Ohio rivers to 

With that keen perception which was one of 
his prominent characteristics, Mr. McCormick 
saw the possibilities of the great West, and of the 
enlarged sphere which it seemed to offer, and ac- 
cordingly, in 1846, he removed the manufacture 
of his machines to Cincinnati, Ohio, going through 
the western ' country himself on horseback, ob- 
taining farmers' orders for reapers, which he then 
gave as security to a Cincinnati firm as guaran- 
tee of payment if they would manufacture his 
machine under his direction, they having an outfit 
of shops, etc., for manufacturing purposes, while 
Mr. McCormick had nothing but his invention. 
In the same year, and after devising a number of 
valuable improvements in connection therewith, 
he obtained a second patent thereon. The McCor- 
mick reaper had by this time gained a wide and 
favorable reputation, and demands for same were 
constantly coming in, while the arrangements 
which he made with a firm at Brockport, New 
York, to manufacture the machines on a royalty, 
with a view of their introduction into the then 
great wheat fields of Central New York, further 
stimulated and made necessary an increased out- 
put. Still continuing to make improvements 
therein, in 1847-48 he obtained additional patents. 

Chicago at this time seemed destined to become 
what it has since proved to be in reality, viz., the 
commercial center of the immense agricultural 
districts of the great Northwest, and in 1847 he 
removed to this city. The year following his 
location here, seven hundred reapers were built 
and sold, and in the following year (1849) tne 
sales amounted to over fifteen hundred. Taking 
into consideration the unimproved, and, compara- 
tively speaking, crude iron and wood working 
machinery of those days, this was a phenomenal 
achievement, and one worthy of him whose in- 
domitable energy and remarkable enterprise sub- 
sequently led to such great results, and became 
the means of making the name of " McCormick" 
familiar in every hamlet and section of the coun- 
try the civilized world over. 

About this time his two brothers, William S. 
and Leander J., became associated with him in 
Chicago. The success of the reaper being now 
thoroughly established at home, Mr. McCormick 
exhibited the machine at the World's Fair in 
London in 1851, and spent some time in intro- 
ducing the reaper to the attention of European 

The Old World, accustomed as it is, and was 
even more so at that day, to look askance at 
any invention which seemed to promise a les- 
sening of hand labor, or to deviate in any way 
from old and time-honored conservative cus- 
toms, was at first somewhat inclined to be preju- 
diced against its introduction into the field of 
labor. As it was with the Stevenson locomo- 
tive, so it was with the McCormick reaper. 
Both, however, have proved their immense use- 
fulness, have outlived the prejudice arrayed 
against them, and have been the means of ad- 
vancing civilization by leaps and bounds hith- 
erto undreamed of. 

The London Times, though at first unfriendly 
and constantly prejudiced, candidly admitted, 
after witnessing its practical operation in the field 
before the World's Fair jury, that the value of 
the McCormick reaper was equal to the entire 
cost of the exhibition. 

Mr. McCormick's triumph was now complete. 
Honors showered in upon him, and both fame 
and fortune were at his command, and yet he 
remained always the same modest, unassuming 


6 7 

In 1855 the reaper was exhibited at the Uni- 
versal Exposition of Paris, and here it obtained 
the Grand Prize. In the Great World's Fair in 
London, in 1862, it received the highest award. 
Twelve years later it was again exhibited at the 
Exposition held in Paris, and was awarded this 
time, not only the Grand Prize, but its inventor 
was decorated by the Emperor with the Cross of 
the Legion of Honor an honor, we need hardly 
say, bestowed upon few. We can not in a work 
of this nature particularize fully the many rewards 
which the McCormick reaper subsequently re- 
ceived, for they were so many and so varied that 
their mere enumeration would require more space 
than we have at present at our disposal. Though 
at first hampered by a lack of capital, and isolated 
from centers of communication and trade, and 
also opposed by the ignorance of the laboring 
classes, who feared the introduction of labor- 
saving machinery, and consequently were bitter in 
their opposition, Mr. McCormick overcame every 
obstacle. His untiring energy and great adminis- 
trative ability surmounted every impediment, and 
although Congress at first refused to grant him 
just patent protection, he eventually established 
his claim thereto, and in the argument before the 
Commissioner of Patents, Hon. Reverdy Johnson 
remarked : " The McCormick reaper has already 
contributed an annual income to the whole coun- 
try of over $55,000,000, which must increase 
through all time; " while the testimony of Hon. 
Wm. H. Seward was that, "owing to Mr. Mc- 
Cormick's invention, the line of civilization moves 
westward thirty miles each year." Words such as 
these have no uncertain meaning. They are 
authoritative, definite, explicit, and are a glow- 
ing tribute to him whose benefactions to the 
industrial world cannot be too highly estimated, 
nor are they capable of being overstated. In 
1878 Mr. McCormick visited Paris for the third 
time, and there received for his reaping and self- 
binding machine a Grand Prize of the Exposition, 
and the rank of Officer of the Legion of Honor 
was also conferred on him in recognition of his 
" having done more for the cause of agriculture 
than any other living man," at this time being 
also elected a Corresponding Member of the 
French Academy of Sciences. These honors 
but confirmed the opinion already expressed 
by two of his country's most famous statesmen 

with regard to his invention and the utility 

The great fire of 1871 consumed, amongst the 
many other large buildings, the McCormick 
Works in this city. But the smoke of its embers 
had barely died away before Mr. McCormick com- 
menced to rebuild. To-day the plant is the larg- 
est, in output, of its kind in the world, covering, 
as it does, twenty-four acres (including grounds) ; 
over 1,500 men are employed therein, and the 
yearly manufacture now amounts to more than 
100,000 machines. They are in use in every sec- 
tion of the civilized world, and in fact the sun 
never sets without a McCormick reaper having 
been at work in some harvest field or meadow in 
some quarter of the earth. Such is the result of 
an invention which, beyond a doubt, revolutionized 
the industrial world, and made its inventor one 
of the foremost men of the present century a 
century which has produced so many great men 
and so many wonderful inventions. 

Married in 1858 to Miss Nettie Fowler, daugh- 
ter of Melzar Fowler, Esq., of Jefferson county, 
New York, he was blessed with a family of four 
sons and three daughters, two of whom, a son 
and daughter, died in infancy. 

Always to the front, and foremost in all good 
works, he took a keen interest in matters of a 
religious and educational nature. In 1859, a ^ the 
General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, 
held at Indianapolis, Mr. McCormick offered to 
endow the professorships of the Presbyterian 
Theological Seminary of the Northwest, provided 
the Seminary was located at Chicago. These 
conditions being gratefully accepted by the 
Assembly, the institution was accordingly estab- 
lished in this city, and since its foundation here 
has proved to be an immense power for good, 
while its influence in promoting the cause of 
Christianity throughout the great Northwest can 
probably never be justly estimated, for its value 
is incalculable. In addition to the original grant, 
Mr. McCormick subsequently contributed to it 
numerous other large donations from time to 
time, and to-day it stands forth as a fitting monu- 
ment to him who had its interests so much at 
heart, and to whose princely liberality it owes its 

Further evidence of his great interest in relig- 
ious and educational work was his purchase in 



1872 of the Interior, a paper established in this 
city to represent the Presbyterian Church, but 
which had become financially weak, and was 
struggling with financial difficulties, out of which 
it seemed unable to extricate itself. To advance 
the interests of the Theological Seminary, to 
promote the welfare of the denomination gen- 
erally throughout the Northwest, and to foster 
the union between the Old and New schools, 
Mr. McCormick, at the solicitation of many 
friends, purchased it, and under his direction 
the Interior became a journal of vast influence, 
and financially strong. 

A liberal contributor to two of the colleges 
of his native State (including those located 
in Lexington and Hamden-Sidney), during the 
whole of his lifetime he bore in affectionate re- 
membrance the State of Virginia, in which he 
was born, and was ever most loyal and mindful 
of her best interests. 

Of his administrative ability and wonderful 
business capacity we have already spoken ; and 
it was undoubtedly great, for amidst the various 
labor agitations and conflicts of the last' few years 
there has been but little trouble amongst the 
workmen at the McCormick Works. Professional 
labor agitators, combined with external pernicious 
influence, however, threatened at one time to sow 
the seeds of discord amongst an otherwise united 
and satisfied body of men. It resulted, however, 
in little or no good to the originators thereof, for 
such was Mr. McCormick's regard for justice 
being done his fellow-man, and such his liberality 
to those who served for him, faithfully, that his 
men had a genuine regard for him, and this was 
signalized upon more occasions than one, and in 
such a manner as to leave no doubt as to the sponta- 
neous nature of their feelings toward him and his 
family. In all his career he was characterized by 
firmness, promptness and decision, and by his un- 
swerving fidelity to the right, and his frank, fair 
dealings, he failed not in impressing upon all with 
whom he had to do, the genuineness and worth of 
his own manhood; while in his character he also 
combined those qualities of heart and mind that 
rendered him deservedly popular and secured to 
him the warm friendship of all who knew him. 
Of him it may in truth be said, that the two 
principal controlling points in his life were un- 
swerving integrity and kindly humanity. 

Toward the close of his life Mr. McCormick 
suffered considerably. His magnificent intellect, 
however, never faltered, and to the last he re- 
mained the active head of the great company 
which he had organized and so successfully devel- 
oped, and which to-day still bears his name. He 
is said to have remarked upon one occasion, when 
discussing the advisability of retiring from active 
work at a certain age : " I know of no better 
place for a man to die than in the harness." And 
thus, as if to give point to his words, his wish 
was fulfilled, and he died as he had wished to 
" in the harness." 

Such a career as that of Cyrus H. McCormick 
benefits not only those who live during his time, 
but it also produces beneficial influences upon the 
young of future generations. An analysis of his 
life work by the youth of any age will certainly 
stimulate the most thoughtful and energetic to 
exert themselves to parallel his record. Cyrus 
H. McCormick was possessed of most of those 
traits of character that assure men of success in 
business life and endear their names to those 
with whom they are brought into contact. He 
was honored, not only in social circles, but also 
by those who labored for him in minor capaci- 

His death took place May 13, 1884. The city 
of Chicago has ofttimes been called upon to la- 
ment the death of many of those who had been 
numbered amongst its most esteemed and re- 
spected citizens many of those who had been 
pioneers in the work of its foundation and large 
contributors to the various enterprises which had 
aided in creating for this city the reputation she 
has for many years enjoyed and so fully main- 
tained. Yet we question very much whether the 
death of any citizen of this great city was ever 
so generally regretted as that of the late Cyrus 
Hall McCormick. His death was not only a 
great loss to this city, but by his decease the 
United States of America lost one of its great- 
est inventors, one of the most enlightened bene- 
factors, and a man whom the present century 
may be justly proud of having produced and en- 

In the city of Chicago the evidences of sorrow 
in the hearts of the multitude that congregated 
to pay their last tribute to his memory were to be 
seen upon every hand. Press and pulpit, not to 


6 9 

mention different organizations, added their tes- 
timony to his worth, and to-day the name of 
" McCormick " stands high upon the roll of 

the honored of the nation, and its perpetuity will 
remain unchanged so long as a blade of grass or 
an ear of grain shall continue to grow. 



CHARLES K. GILES, fourth son of Prescott 
and Elmira (Stratton) Giles, was born at 
Athol, Massachusetts, on August 2, 1840. He 
traces both his paternal and maternal ancestry to 
the early Puritan settlers of New England, one 
of his forefathers arriving in the Mayflower. 

His early life was uneventful. His elementary 
education was obtained in the village school, 
which fitted him for an academic course of study 
in the New Salem Academy, where he finished 
his school education and graduated in 1857. 

His first experience in business life was in the 
same line as that he is now in, and his business 
career, since the day he launched upon the mer- 
cantile sea, has been identified with the jewelry 
trade, and it is but just to state that he has made 
an enviable record for himself in that line, the 
house of Giles Bros, and Co. being to-day as 
widely and favorably known with the jewelry 
trade as any in the United States. After ob- 
taining a slight insight into the business, in the 
employ of his brother, Frederick Giles, of Maiden 
Lane, New York, he, with another brother, Wil- 
liam A. Giles, came West, and began business in 
1858 at McGregor, Iowa, under the firm name of 
Giles, Brother and Company. 

With foresight and good judgment, the Giles 
brothers perceived that Chicago was destined to 
become the great central distributing point of the 
United States, and accordingly, in 1860, they re- 
moved thither, and established themselves in the 
jewelry business at 142 Lake street, under the 
style of Giles Bros, and Co. The firm is still 
(1892) doing business under that name, with an 
unbroken record of thirty-two years, a record no 
othei jewelry house in Chicago can show, and it 
is doubtful whether any firm in any line in this 
city can show a continuous existence under one 
firm name for that length of time. The firm 
prospered from the start. In 1871 they removed 
to No. 79 State street, where everything they had 

was swept away in the general conflagration of 
October 8th and gth of that year. But, thanks 
to their unsullied record, they found themselves 
with practically an unlimited credit. They re- 
sumed business, and had re-entered upon a pros- 
perous mercantile career, when, in 1874, their 
prosperity was again interrupted by the destruc- 
tion of their building by fire. Since the fire of 
1874 the prosperity of the house of Giles Broth- 
ers and Co. has been undisturbed. In 1882 our 
subject purchased a controlling interest in the 
house and formed a limited stock company, of 
which he is the president. The marvellous suc- 
cess of the house of which our subject has been 
the controlling spirit for so many years is un- 
doubtedly due to his sound business principles 
and. honorable mode of conducting his business 
affairs. The house, to-day, is the most widely 
known and the largest of its kind west of New 
York, and it transacts business not only in the 
United States and Canada, but its books contain 
the names of customers in the Sandwich Islands 
and other distant parts of the globe. In 1883 
the house added to their business a diamond-cut- 
ting department, and it is the only establishment 
of its kind, outside of New York, in the United 

On March 25, 1873, Mr. Giles was married to 
Miss Mary Ferry, daughter of W. H. Ferry, of Chi- 
cago ; the union is blessed with three daughters. 

In social circles Mr. Giles is widely and favor- 
ably known, and is a member of the Calumet, 
Electric and Union League social clubs. He is a 
prominent member of the Masonic fraternity, 
and has passed from the Blue Lodge through the 
degrees of the Mystic Shrine and Scottish Rite. 
Politically, he is a staunch Republican. 

He is a man of domestic habits and owns 
a beautiful home in Lake Forest, the most beau- 
tiful suburb of Chicago, whither he repairs when 
his business permits, and passes his spare time 



in the circle of his family. He is a lover of 
sports, and takes great interest in hunting and 
fishing. He has visited most places of interest, 
both in this country and in Europe, and gained a 

vast store of valuable information. His career 
lias been marked with signal success, the result of 
native ability combined with business enterprise, 
perseverance and tact. 



THE subject of this biography is a fine repre- 
sentative of the German character, and 
stands prominent among the leading men of 
Chicago as a journalist, an officer of the gov- 
ernment, a financier, a banker, and a private 

A native of Permaseus, Rhenish, Bavaria, he 
was born on December I3th, 1823, and is the son 
of Ludwig Schneider and Josephine (Schlick) 
Schneider. He received his early education in 
the Latin school of his native place, and at the 
age of twenty-one entered the field of journalism, 
for which he was eminently fitted both by nature, 
inclination and ability. 

While acting in this capacity he took a most 
active interest in the Revolution of Rhenish Ba- 
varia against the tyranny of the Bavarian govern- 
ment, and he was appointed commissioner for 
several districts of the Provincial government, and 
rendered most efficient service. 

When the revolt was suppressed by the assist- 
ance of the Prussians, that portion of the insurgent 
army of which Mr. Schneider was an officer passed 
into France, and while there he saw that the hope 
for further help in the attempted revolution was 
vain, so he concluded to leave for the United 
States, and arrived in New York in July, 1849, n ' s 
only capital an education, dauntless courage and 
determination to succeed. 

He first went to Cleveland, Ohio, but not find- 
ing a promising field he pushed westward to St. 
Louis, Mo., and there with his brother, who had 
also shared the ill fortunes of the Rhenish 
Revolution, started the Ncue Zeit, a daily German 
paper with liberal anti-slavery tendencies. After 
the destruction of his establishment by fire in 
1850, he accepted a professorship of foreign lan- 
guages and literature in a college near St. Louis, 
but soon removed to Chicago, and began the 
publication of the Daily Illinois Staats Zeitung, 

which had been previously published as a weekly 

He took a decided stand against the " Missouri 
Compromise" in 1854, and he was one of a small 
company who called the first meeting held to pro- 
test against this slavery-extending scheme. His 
outspoken opposition brought upon him the wrath 
of those who favored the measure, and in 1856 an 
unsuccessful attack was made upon his office, the 
result of which was to increase the influence of 
the paper among all classes. 

This opposition to the repeal of the Missouri 
Compromise resulted in the organization of the 
anti-Nebraska party, which afterwards became the 
Republican party. At the convention held for 
the organization of this body, he was a delegate, 
and notwithstanding the efforts of the " Know 
Nothings " to secure the repeal or modification of 
the naturalization laws, he, with the assistance of 
Abraham Lincoln and others, succeeded in incor- 
porating into the platform of the new party a 
plank, guaranteeing that the rights enjoyed by 
foreign-born citizens should not be disturbed, a 
guarantee which he, with the assistance of the 
Hon. John M. Palmer and other Western leaders, 
succeeded in having incorporated in the national 
platform adopted by the Philadelphia convention 
of 1856, which nominated John C. Fremont for 
President, and to which convention Mr. Schneider 
was a delegate from Illinois. 

From 1858 to 1860 he strongly advocated the 
nomination of Hon. Wm. H. Seward for the 
presidency, believing him to be the most available 
man for that position at that time ; but in the 
Republican convention that met in the Chicago 
wigwam, and of which he was a delegate, he found 
the followers of his candidate in the minority ; 
though disappointed he promptly and heartily 
supported Mr. Lincoln, between whom and him- 
self a warm personal friendship existed. 

tis Century Mj]isMn5r Engraving Co. Chicago. 




Immediately after his inauguration, Mr. Lincoln 
appointed Mr. Schneider consul to Denmark, with 
the special mission of enlightening the popular 
sentiment of northern Europe to the real merits 
of the contest between the United States govern- 
ment and the rebellious South. By writing and 
freely talking with the people, he accomplished his 
mission satisfactorily. 

Resigning his consulship in 1862, he returned 
to Chicago, having in the meantime sold his 
interest in the Staats Zcitung. He was next 
appointed Collector of Internal Revenue by 
President Lincoln, and for four years discharged 
the duties of his office with fidelity and to the 
entire approval of the government. During his 
administration he introduced and strictly adhered 
to the principles that are now known as "Civil Ser- 
vice Reform," selecting the men he needed for 
positions of trust with reference entirely as to 
their fitness and merit. 

After the expiration of his term of office, he 
was elected president of the State Savings Institu- 
tion, which under his management soon ranked at 
the head of all financial establishments of its 
kind. Disposing of his interest in this institution 
in 1871, he was elected president of the National 
Bank of Illinois, a position which he still holds. 
This institution is recognized as one of the most 
successful banks in the city, and it is but just to 
say that its high standing is due to the excellent 
judgment, prudence and popularity of its presi- 

As a business man Mr. Schneider is discerning, 
conscientious, cautious and conservative. As a 
citizen, his sympathies are always on the side of 
good order, progress and improvement, and in 

every relation of life he is uniformly a gentleman 
of honor, loving justice and doing right ; in all his 
career he has been active in promoting the 
interests of his fellow-countrymen. 

In 1877, Mr. Schneider was tendered the posi- 
tion of United States minister to Switzerland by 
President Hayes, but declined the offer, and in 
1880 was an elector-at-large on the Garfield ticket. 

He was for several years president of the Ger- 
man Society for the protection of immigrants and 
the friendless of that nationality, and through his 
influence a bill, providing for the protection of 
immigrants arriving on our shores, was passed by 

Mr. Schneider was married on the 6th of June, 
1853, to Miss Mathilda Schloetzer, daughter of Dr. 
Schloetzer, who was government physician in the 
district of Rhenish Bavaria. The couple have an 
interesting family of seven children. 

Mr. Schneider was pardoned many years ago 
for the part he took in the Revolution of 1849, an d 
has revisited the home and scenes of his boyhood, 
which still have for him many sacred associations. 

It is the lot of but few men to attain the high 
position of honor and distinction that the subject 
of our sketch has attained ; with him success in 
life has been reached by his sterling qualities of 
mind and a heart true to every manly principle ; 
he has never deviated from what his judgment 
would indicate to be right and honorable between 
his fellow-man and himself, and now after a long 
and eventful life, he can look back on the past 
with pride and enjoy the remaining years of his 
life, having gained for himself by his honorable, 
straightforward career the confidence and respect 
of the entire community in which he lives. 



FEW American journalists have risen to con- 
spicuous-prominence in so short a time as he 
whose name heads this sketch. He was born at 
Hornellsville, New York, on April 28, 1852, and 
is the son of Stephen L. and Harriet (Smith) 
Wilson, and a nephew of Charles L. Wilson, 
formerly editor and proprietor of the Chicago 
Evening Journal. The paternal grandfather of 

our subject was Judge John Q. Wilson, of Alba- 
ny, New York, whose father was a Scotchman, 
who married a Miss Lush, of the Dutch Set- 
tlement, New York. The mother of our sub- 
ject was a native of Schenectady, New York, 
whose grandfather was a soldier in the Revolu- 
tionary War. 

After closing his studies at Lima, New York, 



Mr. Wilson, in July, 1871, removed to Chicago 
and accepted a clerkship in the counting room of 
the Chicago Evening Journal, then under the 
management of his uncle. 

In February, 1880, he became associated as a 
partner with the late Andrew Shuman, then 
editor-in-chief of that paper, and leased it for a 
term of three years, at the expiration of which 
time he secured the controlling interest in the 
company, which he still retains. 

Under its former management the Evening 
Journal, while challenging the respect of its 
readers, acquired a reputation of being extremely 
conservative, but under the guidance of Mr. 
Wilson, who is a man of keen business tact and 
progressive ideas, it has come to the front rank as 

a newspaper and a moulder of public opinion. 
Mr. Wilson has an aversion to mere sensational- 
ism, but is alive to the necessity of keeping in 
touch with the events of the times and giving to 
his readers all the legitimate news of the day, and 
has gathered around him a corps of accomplished 
writers and news-gatherers, who, under his intelli- 
gent direction, have made the Chicago Evening 
Journal one of the foremost and best evening 
newspapers in the land. The Evening Journal 
building just south of the Tribune and Inter 
Ocean buildings is one of the most imposing 
structures on Dearborn street, while its appoint- 
ments are in all respects among the best. 

In October, 1885, Mr. Wilson was married to a 
Miss Ripley, of Grand Rapids, Michigan. 



THE spirit of self-help is the source of all 
genuine growth in the individual, and as 
exhibited in the lives of many, it constitutes the 
true source of national strength. 

The record of the subject of this sketch enti- 
tles him to a prominent place in the present work, 
for his life is an example of the power of patient 
purpose, resolute working, and steadfast integrity, 
and illustrates in no uncertain manner what it is 
possible to accomplish when perseverance and 
determination form the keynote of a man's life. 

He was born in Chenango county, New York, 
July 25, 1832, and is the son of John and Almira 
(Pierce) Coy. His father was a soldier in the war 
of 1812, and a man much respected in his day. 
Receiving his early education in the common- 
schools of the neighborhood, young Coy after- 
wards entered Central College, Courtland county, 
New York, and was graduated therefrom in 1853. 
His desire was to fit himself for the legal profes- 
sion, and in order to get money he engaged as a 
day laborer in the hay and harvest field, and in 
the fall of that year, with but fifty dollars in his 
possession, came to Illinois and engaged as a clerk 
in a dry goods store. From his earnings while 
thus employed he saved enough to defray his ex- 
penses through the New York State and National 
Law School, at Poughkeepsie, New York, and 

after completing his studies, was admitted to the 
bar at Albany, New York, in 1857. Returning to 
Illinois, he located in Kendall county, and with 
but thirty-five dollars in cash, a suit of clothes 
and a few text-books, he started in to compete 
with the skill and experience of the profession. 
Success, however, seemed to be with him from 
the outset, for he soon acquired a lucrative prac- 
tice, and it was not long ere he became the lead- 
ing lawyer in that section of the State, and such 
was his ability and reputation that his counsel was 
sought by those far and near, and during his resi- 
dence in that county he was engaged in every 
trial of any note before the courts of his circuit. 
The esteem in which he was held in Kendall coun- 
ty may be gathered from the fact that he repre- 
sented that county in the State Legislature of 
1869 and 1870, where he became an influential 
leader ; and it was said that during these sessions 
no important measure could be passed unless 
aided by his influence and counsel, while many 
of his speeches were undoubtedly among the 
most eloquent ever delivered in the Illinois Legis- 
lature. And it may be truly said that no constit- 
uency ever had a more faithful servant than Ken- 
dall county had in Mr. Coy, or any State a more 
zealous legislator in the best sense of the term 
than had the State of Illinois. 




In 1871, Mr. Coy removed to Chicago and has 
been attorney for the Union Stock Yards and 
Transit Company since that time. And as evi- 
dence of his ability as a legal adviser, it is suffi- 
cient to say that for twenty years he has had the 
management of the legal business of that vast 
corporation, with its complicated system of rail- 
roads, with a thousand employes handling live 
stock, the value of which amounts to one-half the 
entire commerce of Chicago. Yet during that 
entire time the company has had but one final 
judgment rendered against it. 

Mr. Coy is a Republican and has been active in 
political matters. He was a Presidential Elector 
during the campaign of 1872, and voted for Gen. 
Grant. During the campaign, Mr. Corwin, who 
was a candidate for Congress from La Salle county 
in his district, in making his speaking appoint- 
ments, on every occasion advertised Mr. Coy to 
speak at the same time and place, and always 
arranged for him to speak last on account of his 
ability to interest and hold an audience. The 
meetings were large and enthusiastic. 

On the evening before election, in speaking to 
some of his friends about his canvass, Mr. Cor- 
win said : " The most wonderful thing to me is 
the fact that during the whole two months on the 
stump after making my speech, I have sat down 

and listened to a speech from Mr. Coy, and 
every evening he has given us something new; 
and the last evening I was more interested and 
amused at his speech than on any other occa- 
sion. It was like listening to a new speaker 
every evening." 

Mr. Coy was married, in 1859, to Miss Julia A. 
Manchester, who is a lady of much refinement, 
highly educated and exceedingly accomplished, 
and who adorns her home with all the graces of 
true womanhood. They have two sons and two 

Mr. Coy is a man of commanding presence and 
pleasing address, being six feet in height and well 
proportioned, and carries in his clear-cut features 
the marks of intellectual vigor. He is, further- 
more, a man of broad culture and elevated tastes, 
and possesses a knowledge of the law and a com- 
mand of language that give him unusual power 
as an advocate. He has a genial social nature, 
enjoys good fellowship and is a most companion- 
able friend, and by his manly qualities and up- 
right life has won the highest respect and love of 
a wide circle of acquaintances and friends. His 
life has been, in the best sense, a success, and fur- 
nishes an example of energy, perseverance and 
loyalty to principle and a noble purpose worthy 
of emulation. 



AMONG the lawyers of Chicago who have 
achieved success by their own excellence, 
ability, and energy, the subject of this sketch 
occupies a conspicuous place. 

He has a wide range of legal learning and is 
familiar with the theories and technicalities of his 
profession. He is lucid, logical and eminently 
practical in making application of the law to the 
facts, and his judgment is good. His political 
speeches are often adorned with rhetorical figures, 
but in his legal arguments he is direct, pointed 
and strong. His mind is vigorous and active and 
its rich and varied resources are always at his 
command. His perceptions are prompt and acute, 
and he readily separates the practical from the 
speculative. The light which illuminates his 

mind is kindled in his heart, where it shines with 
brightest luster. He possesses in a high degree 
that rare talent, genuine wit ; it is playful and 
spirited, elastic and recreative. He can be 
sarcastic when occasion calls for sarcasm, and 
ridicule is a formidable weapon in his hands. In 
his satire there mingles sometimes the sprightli- 
ness and vivacity of Horace, at others, the serious 
and terrible severity of Juvenal. 

He is a native of the Green Mountain State, 
and was born in Orange county, in 1834. He 
began his education in the public schools of his 
native town, and was afterward graduated from 
Thetford Academy. He went to Indiana in 
1852, engaged in teaching two years, and initiated 
himself into the theory and practice of the law. 


In 1855 he went to Coles county, Illinois, and 
continued his legal studies under Judge Stark- 
weather, and was admitted to the bar in 1858. 
He first began to practice his profession at Hills- 
boro, 111., and soon won the respect of the bar as 
a young man of ability, and became known as a 
brilliant advocate. 

Impelled by the spirit of patriotism that has 
always characterized the sons of Vermont, he, in 
1862, entered the i26th Regiment Illinois Volun- 
teer Infantry, as adjutant, and the next year was 
appointed colonel of the First Regiment Alabama 
Cavalry, but was compelled to decline the office 
on account of failing health. 

Returning to Cairo, Illinois, he resumed the 
practice of law, and also edited the Cairo Daily 
News. In 1866 he was elected to the State 
Senate, being the first Republican ever elected 
from that district, and during his four years' ser- 
vice there, he made a record of which he may 
justly be proud. He was placed on several im- 
portant committees, and his counsels were always 
sought on all important matters of legislation. 
His speech on the adoption of the fourteenth 
amendment was one of the most powerful and 
forcible efforts ever made before the Illinois 

He was nominated for Congress in 1871 on the 
Republican ticket, and made a gallant fight 
against immense odds, but was defeated by a 
small majority, greatly reducing the usual sweep- 
ing Democratic majority of his district. Presi- 
dent Grant appointed him Supervisor of Internal 

Revenue the same year, his jurisdiction extending 
over Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin, with head- 
quarters in Chicago. 

As a campaign speaker, Col. Munn has but few 
equals; lucid, logical and forcible, he is always in 
demand, and has rendered his party valuable 
service. In all of the political campaigns in the 
last twenty years his eloquent voice has been heard 
in nearly all of the northern States. 

He has been eminently successful since coming 
to Chicago in 1875, and has won a large number 
of important cases ; among these may be men- 
tioned the Clark-St. Peter murder trial, in which 
Col. Munn defended and cleared Mrs. Clark, 
charged jointly with Joseph St. Peter with the 
murder of her husband, this too, with the police 
and detective forces earnestly opposing him. 
The Dunn murder case was another decided vic- 
tory in the Criminal Court for Col. Munn. Dunn 
was indicted for killing Elliott, the prize fighter. 
After a long and hotly contested trial, Dupn was 
acquitted by the jury. 

His most important victory was in the pros- 
ecution of the hog stealers at the stockyards, 
which resulted in sending seven persons to the 
penitentiary, notwithstanding a most powerful 
array of the most eminent members of the Chi- 
cago bar on the side of the defendants. 

Col. Munn's experience in the Criminal Courtis 
probably greater than that of any other lawyer at 
the bar in the Northwest, and the court records 
show an almost phenomenal success for him in 
criminal cases. 



SAMUEL E. GROSS was born November 11, 
1843, at the Mansion Farm, on the banks of 
the Susquehanna, near the town of Dauphin, 
Penn., and is the son of John C. and Elizabeth 
(Eberly) Gross. He is a descendant of Captain 
John Gross, of Huguenot ancestry, a captain in 
the Revolutionary War. Captain Gross was our 
subject's great-grandfather, his captain's commis- 
sion bearing date November 25, 1776. Captain 
Gross, after the war, settled in Dauphin county, 
where he owned large farm and milling properties. 

On his maternal side he is a descendant of a 
sturdy German family, who settled in Pennsyl- 
vania in 1726, and who have contributed so much 
to the building up and general welfare of that 
State. In 1845, Samuel's parents moved from 
Dauphin county, Penn., to Bureau county, 111., and 
later to Carroll county, in which places he received 
his early education, common school and academic. 

In 1861, when but seventeen years of age, Sam- 
uel enlisted in the Forty-first Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry, but was shortly mustered out on account 



of his being under the limit of age for enlistment. 
In 1863, while he was attending Whitehall Acad- 
emy, Pennsylvania, the Confederate armies invad- 
ed Pennsylvania. His inheritance of patriotic 
ardor from Captain Gross of Revolutionary fame 
inspired him to re-enlist, this time in Company D, 
of the Twentieth Pennsylvania Cavalry, in which 
he was commissioned first lieutenant June 29, 1863, 
one of the youngest holders of that rank in the 
Union service. He served in the pursuit of Lee 
after Gettysburg, and in^special detached service, 
cavalry scouting and guerilla fighting, through the 
remainder of 1863. 

On February 21, 1864, he was promoted to the 
captaincy of Company K, in the same regiment, 
ana served with his command through Virginia, 
in 1864-5, taking active part in the battles of 
Piedmont, Lynchburg, Ashby's Gap, Winchester, 
and many other battles, and was mustered out at 
the close of the war, July 13, 1865. 

For a man of his nature and training, no place 
seemed to offer such attractions as Chicago, which, 
though yet in its infancy, was rapidly developing, 
and Captain Gross moved there in 1865, entering 
the Union College of Law, whence he was gradu- 
ated and admitted to the bar in 1866. Even ear- 
lier than this, however, he had begun investing in 
real estate by buying a fe,w lots, the opening of a 
business which afterward expanded to huge pro- 
portions. Without abandoning his law practice, 
he gave more and more attention to realty, and in 
1868-9 he took an active part in the establish- 
ment of the immense park and boulevard system 
which is a unique feature of Chicago. 

At the time of the great fire of 1871, Mr. Gross 
had an office at the corner of Clark and South 
Water streets. During the terrible night of the 
8th and gth of October he held his office as long 
as it was tenable, then gathered up his legal and 
business papers, abstracts of title, etc., crossed the 
river in a row-boat, and deposited them on board 
of a tug-boat, which evaded the flames and re- 
turned the precious documents safely three days 
later. Even before he recovered the papers he 
had, with characteristic courage, enterprise and 
activity, recommenced his real estate business. 

From 1873 to 1879, dullness reigned in Chicago. 
Mr. Gross practiced his profession, studied science, 
art, literature and political economy, and wrote 
articles which were an important contribution to 

the literature of these subjects. He also gave 
some attention to mechanics and took out several 
patents for mathematical instruments, improve- 
ments in street paving, etc. But real estate 
was his favorite subject. He had an abiding 
faith in the future of his adopted city, which his 
later experience has more than justified. The 
purchase of agricultural land and its transforma- 
tion into city lots became a- pursuit almost a 
passion. " New City," in the southwestern sub- 
urbs ; " Gross Park," in the north ; " Brookdale," 
"Calumet Heights" and " Dauphin Park," in the 
south ; " Under the Linden," in the northwest 
these are only a few of his enterprises. Not con- 
tent with merely staking out building sites, he 
built upon them, and houses by the thousand 
from cottage to mansion owe their construction 
to him. 

In 1889 he capped the climax to his enterprise 
by his institution of Grossdale, west of the city 
limits, where he transformed over five hundred 
acres of land (nearly a mile square) from farm to 
city. Samuel E. Gross will need no finer monu- 
ment than this to carry his name to posterity. 
Thirty thousand lots sold, seven thousand houses 
built, sixteen separate suburban towns and cities 
instituted and built these are his trophies. His 
success is due primarily to his own natural quali- 
ties, secondarily to his reliance on the passion 
which exists in every true American to own his 
home, a passion which Mr. Gross has done perhaps 
more to gratify than has any other man of any age 
or country. He has not done this service without 
reaping the deserved reward, his fortune being 
estimated to-day (1892) at $3,00x3,000 or more. 

He is engaged in many business and social en- 
terprises, for instance: Director in the Calumet 
Electric Railroad and the Chemical National 
Bank, member of the Chicago, Union, Iroquois, 
Athletic, Marquette and Washington Park Clubs, 
patron of the Art Institute, the Humane and 
other benevolent societies. 

He has travelled extensively in Europe and in 
Mexico, as well as all over his own loved land. In 
1889 he was nominated by the " United Working- 
men's Societies" as their candidate for mayor of 
Chicago, but declined in view of the magnitude 
and pressing nature of his engagements. 

Mr. Gross married, in 1874, Miss Emily Brown 
(of English parentage), a lady of personal attrac- 



tiveness and sterling mind. They live in a beauti- 
ful residence at the corner of the Lake Shore 
Drive and Division street, now (1892) the fashion- 
able quarter of Chicago. 

Mr. Gross' personal deportment is most genial 
and popular. 

It can be truly said of Mr. Gross that he is the 
architect of his fortune, as he is a self-made man. 
Few men are more prominent or more widely 
known in the great city of Chicago than he ; his 
transactions are on an immense scale, and his 

popularity well deserved, as in him are em- 
braced the characteristics of an unbending in- 
tegrity, unabating energy and industry that 
never flags. 

He is public-spirited and thoroughly interested 
in whatever tends to promote the moral, intellec- 
tual and material welfare of Chicago. Broad and 
liberal-minded, he is ever willing to aid those who 
are less fortunate in life. 

He has carved for himself a name that will ever 
be identified with the history of Chicago. 



JAMES R. DOOLITTLE was born during the 
presidency of James Madison, the third suc- 
cessor to Washington. Living through the suc- 
cessive terms of the last nineteen presidents ; 
engaged in calling conventions, forming parties 
and writing platforms, when Elaine, Garfield and 
Cleveland were boys, he stands to-day, as lawyer, 
jurist and statesman, at the ripe old age of seven- 
ty-six, one of the few surviving links of our ear- 
lier with our present national history. Ranked 
amongst the ablest lawyers in the forties, ap- 
pointed Judge in the fifties, and elected United 
States Senator in the sixties, he holds an honored 
place in the history of this country. Active 
during two generations in making and adminis- 
tering the law, earnest in the development of the 
vast resources of the country, and enthusiastic in 
the defense of Constitutional liberty, Judge Doo- 
little enjoys the honor, esteem and confidence of 
his fellow countrymen. 

He was born January 3, 1815, at Hampton, 
Washington county, New York. His father, 
Reuben Doolittle, upon emigrating to Genesee 
county, in Western New York, became a farmer, 
mill owner, and merchant, in prosperous circum- 
stances. His mother, Sarah, /<? Rood, was an 
estimable lady who devoted herself to domes- 
tic duties and to the education of her children, 
and instilling into their minds the principles 
of honor and virtue. James R. was the eldest 
son in a family of four boys and two girls. 
After the usual preliminary education, he was 
sent to Geneva College, in Western New York, 

and early began to show that ability which 
distinguished him in after years. Gifted with a 
retentive memory and a clear understanding, com- 
bined with a genius for hard work and diligent 
application, he easily led his class, and graduated 
with honors. 

Having chosen the law as a profession, he stud- 
ied its theory and practice with the Hon. Harvey 
Putnam, at Attica, New York, and with the Hon. 
Isaac Hills, of Rochester, New York, and was 
admitted to practice by the Supreme Court of 
New York in 1837. It was not l n g before the 
young lawyer was recognized as one of the com- 
ing men of the profession. His thorough knowl- 
edge of the principles of common law and his 
facility in applying them, aided by an extensive 
and varied course of reading, a pleasing and 
musical voice and an easy and fluent delivery, 
marked him as one destined for certain and rapid 

About this time he removed to Warsaw, \Vy- 
oming county, New York, where his ability was 
soon recognized and rewarded ; and although a 
Democrat, he was elected District Attorney by a 
Whig constituency. Having discharged the du- 
ties of that important office with satisfaction to 
the people and credit to himself, Mr. Doolittle, in 
1851, went to Racine, Wisconsin, and there prac- 
ticed his profession, and in a short time %vas 
ranked among the ablest lawyers of that State, 
and retained by Governor Farwell in cases involv- 
ing the interests of the Commonwealth and intri- 
cate questions of law. It is unnecessary to say 


that his practice became large and lucrative, and 
that experience developed the legal ability already 

In 1853, Mr. Doolittle was elected Judge of the 
First Judicial Circuit in Wisconsin. No higher 
or more pleasing tribute can be paid to a lawyer 
than his elevation to the bench. As such, Judge 
Doolittle accepted it and applied all his knowl- 
edge and experience to the discharge of his du- 
ties. In this case the office sought the man, and, 
what is more, sought the right man. For three 
years he discharged the important duties of his 
trust with ability, simplicity and dignity. He 
had the rare power of combining the " Suaviter 
in modo, fortiter in re." When he resigned, in 
1856, he received the highest encomiums from 
the press, the people, and the profession. No 
sooner had Judge Doolittle laid down one honor 
than another was given to him. In January, 1857, 
the Legislature of Wisconsin elected him United 
States Senator, and re-elected him in 1863 to the 
same office. The period during which he was in 
the Senate was the most momentous since the 
founding of the Republic, and may be divided 
into three epochs: 1st. Before the war, when the 
question was the extension of slavery. 2d. Dur- 
ing the war, the period of secession. 3d. After 
the war, when the issue was reinstatement or 
reconstruction. Each of these periods was fraught 
with danger to the Republic, and grave responsi- 
bilities rested on the representatives of the people. 
In this crisis, the patriotism, ability and integrity 
of the young senator soon became conspicuous. 
Grasping the situation with almost prophetic intu- 
ition, he used the whole force of his great intelli- 
gence, the powerful influence of his classic elo- 
quence, and supplemented both with the untarn- 
ished honor of his spotless character, in the 
endeavor to prevent the threatened disruption. 
When the endeavor to secure peace with honor 
failed, and the tocsin of civil war smote the ear 
with its invitation to deadly strife, he, like every 
patriotic citizen, accepted the challenge and de- 
voted himself unsparingly to the preservation of 
the Union. Later, when the terrible struggle, 
involving the loss of hundreds of thousands of 
human lives, was over, came the period of rein- 
statement when the great moral force and patri- 
otic fire of Senator Doolittle was stimulated to 
rouse the country to the duty of the hour. His 

eloquent and forcible speeches of that time are 
historic evidence of his foresight and statesman- 
ship. As a member of the Committee of Thir- 
teen, appointed by the Senate to devise a plan to 
prevent disruption, he labored for that object with 
all his power of mind and body. When war 
became inevitable, he used his whole strength to 
defeat the rebel arms. When the war was over, 
he, as a representative of the people, counselled 
moderation and reconstruction. Taking the con- 
stitution for his guide, and acting from sincere 
conviction, he strove then, as through his whole 
life, for the eternal principles of truth and justice. 
If Judge Doolittle were to publish his speeches, 
they would be read with eagerness as historic evi- 
dence on many subjects now in dispute. He was 
chairman of the joint committee appointed to 
inquire into the condition of the Indians in Kan- 
sas, Colorado and New Mexico. The published 
report of this committee is the most exhaustive 
and valuable that has ever been compiled on the 

It would be trespassing on the domain of his- 
tory to recount here the calls to conventions 
written, the speeches delivered, the public men 
with whom he has worked, and the political issues 
he has originated or supported. It is only neces- 
sary to add that Judge Doolittle's life has been 
busy, honorable and useful ; and, as expressed by 
a friend of his, " Like a clear limpid stream where- 
in you can see the form and color of the peb- 
bles at the bottom and through whose meander- 
ing course no sediment appears." 

Judge Doolittle is a man of fine physical devel- 
opment. Even now, at the age of nearly four 
score, he is a man of powerful build, with pleas- 
ing and expressive features. His voice is still 
strong and sonorous. When a younger man he 
must have been trumpet-tongued. He had the 
" powers of speech that stir men's blood " and 
he retains that power still. The annexed por- 
trait is a good likeness of the Judge at the pres- 
ent time (1892), and from it one may conjecture 
what he was half a century ago. Yet rt is not 
alone the features, the voice, or the figure that 
challenges attention, but there is a force of char- 
acter that impresses, an influence that impels, and 
a magnetism that attracts. No man during the 
past fifty years has addressed larger masses of 
people or has addressed, on political subjects, as 



many people. He is a master of the art of rhet- 
oric. His language is clear, simple -and graceful, 
and he leads his auditors through a long argu- 
mentative path, decked with classic allusions, that, 
like flowers on the border of a stream, seem to 
be native there. 

He is very happy in epigram. After Abraham 
Lincoln's second nomination for the presidency a 
cabal was formed in this State, with the hope of 
forcing him to retire. At a mass meeting, where 
one of the discontents had been the first speaker 
and had delicately hinted at the desirability of 
Mr. Lincoln's retirement, Judge Doolittle, who 
had listened with feelings more easily imagined 
than described, was called as the second speaker. 
There was a vast audience of probably twenty 
thousand people, who listened to the previous 
speaker in ominous silence. The Judge arose, 
and in slow, clear, solemn tones, and with his 
right hand raised to heaven, said : " Fellow-citi- 
zens: I believe in God Almighty, and, under 
Him, I believe in Abraham Lincoln." The spell 
was broken and the vast audience cheered for 
fully half an hour. No more was heard of the 
opposition to Mr. Lincoln. 

Ever since Judge Doolittle retired from the 
Senate, in 1869, though retaining his homestead 
and citizenship in Wisconsin, he has been engaged 
in the practice of law at Chicago. His first part- 
nership was with Mr. Jesse O. Norton, under the 
firm name of Doolittle & Norton. After the 

great fire of October 8 and 9, 1871, he formed a 
partnership with his son, under the firm name of 
J. R. Doolittle & Son. In 1879, Mr. Henry 
McKey was admitted as a partner in the business, 
and the firm name became Doolittle & McKey. 
After the death of Mr. James R. Doolittle, Jr., 
which occurred in 1889, Mr. Edgar B. Tolman be- 
came a member of the firm, and since that the 
firm name has been Doolittle, McKey & Tolman. 
They have a large general practice. 

Judge Doolittle suffered one of the great afflic- 
tions of his lifetime in August, 1889, when his son, 
James R., Jr., died. At the time of his death he 
was a member of the law firm of which his dis- 
tinguished father is the head. He was an active 
member of the Chicago Board of Education, and 
devoted himself unsparingly to the interests of 
the city and suburban schools. He was a man of 
great ability as a lawyer, highly accomplished as a 
scholar, and his kindly gentle nature endeared him 
to all. By his early death the bar of Cook coun- 
ty lost one of its prominent members, the School 
Board one of its most progressive and active 

After a pure, honorable and useful life, actuated 
by unselfish motives, prompted by patriotism and 
guided by truth and justice, Judge Doolittle may 
in old age rest in the assurance that the people of 
this country are not unmindful of those who have 
devoted themselves to their interests. " Palmam 
qui meruit ferat." 



DANIEL H. BURNHAM, Chief of Construc- 
tion of the World's Columbian Exposition, 
1893, is a native of Henderson, Jefferson county, 
New York. He was born September 4, 1846, 
the son of Edwin and Elizabeth Burnham, who 
were natives of Vermont. They were married 
in New York about 1841. The great-grand- 
father of our subject was an officer in the 
Revolutionary army. His mother's paternal, on 
both sides, were, for many generations, clergy- 
men. She was a grand-daughter of the cele- 
brated Samuel Hopkins of revolutionary times, 
and a cousin of the late Mark Hopkins of 

California. Edwin Burnham removed to Chicago 
with his family in 1855, and was a wholesale 
merchant until his decease in 1874. He was 
president of the old Merchants' Exchange. 
Young Burnham was a pupil in Professor Snow's 
private school, located on the present site of the 
Fair, on Adams street, and afterwards attended 
the old Jones school and the Chicago High 
School. Later he spent two years under private 
instruction at Waltham, Mass., and one year with 
Professor T. B. Hayward (previously of Harvard 
University), at Bridgewater, Mass., as his sole 
pupil. Returning to Chicago in the fall of 1867, 


he spent the following year and a half in the 
office of Messrs. Loring and Jinney, architects. 
He then went to Nevada and for one year was 
engaged in mining, after which he returned to 
Chicago and entered the office of Mr. L. G. 
Laurean, architect, where he remained one and 
one-half years. 

Immediately after the great fire of October 8th 
and gth, 1871, he entered the office of Messrs. 
Carter, Drake and White, where he made the 
acquaintance of Mr. John W. Root, with whom, 
in the spring of 1873, he formed a co-partnership 
which lasted until Mr. Root's demise in January, 

Among the buildings planned and constructed 
by Mr. Burnham may be mentioned the National 
Bank of Illinois building, the Chemical Bank 
building, Montauk block ten stories high, the 
Rialto, the Rookery, the Insurance Exchange, 
Phcenix, the Counselman building, C., B. and Q. 
general offices, Rand and McNally building, 
Calumet and Calumet Club buildings. He is 
now constructing the Woman's Temple, sixteen 
stories high ; the Masonic Temple, twenty stories ; 
the Northern Hotel and Monadnock, sixteen 
stories; the Herald building on Washington 
street ; St. Gabriel's Catholic Church ; Church of 
the Covenant (Presbyterian) ; the new Methodist 
and Presbyterian Churches at Evanston. He 
has also just finished in Cleveland, Ohio, the 

Society for Savings building. At Kansas City he 
has built the Midland Hotel, Board of Trade and 
American Bank buildings. At Topeka, Kansas, 
the A., T. and Santa Fe General Office building; 
also the Phcenix Hotel at Las Vegas, Hot Springs, 
N. M. The Chronicle building and Mills build- 
ing in San Francisco, the latter being the finest 
office building in America, now constructing; also 
a large office building at Atlanta, Ga. (ten 
stories). Mr. Burnham originated the Western 
Association of Architects and was its first presi- 
dent. He is also a member of most of the city 
clubs. In October of 1890, Mr. Burnham was 
appointed by the Directory of the World's 
Columbian Exposition Chief of Construction 
and Supervising Architect. He makes all draw- 
ings and contracts, supervises the artistic and 
working construction and disbursements for the 

The buildings of this exposition will cover fifty 
per cent, more ground than those at Paris, and 
the enclosed grounds will be three times greater 
then ever before occupied for a like purpose. 
The exposition will surpass anything of the kind 
heretofore attempted in the magnificence of its 
buildings and equipments and the marvels of the 
exhibits; the planning of the whole of it was due 
to Messrs. Olmsted and Company and Burnham 
and Root, and the management of its execution 
is in the hands of Mr. Burnham. 



TO attain to success and prominence in one's 
calling before reaching mid-life falls to the 
lot of comparatively few men. Many things con- 
spire to these much-desired ends, but, in the main, 
they lie along the line of patient, persevering and 
faithful work. To say that Mr. Frost may be num- 
bered among this favored few is fully warranted, 
in view of the position to which he has attained 
while yet a young man. He is a native of the 
State of Maine, and was bom at Lewiston on May 
31, 1856, the son of Albert and Eunice (Jones) 
Frost, and traces his ancestry back through some 
of New England's most noted families. 

As a boy, he was thoughtful, studious, an apt 

scholar and fond of books. He received a thor- 
ough common-school education, and, after finish- 
ing his studies there, spent three years in an arch- 
itect's office in his native place, and there laid the 
foundation of his subsequent success. The call- 
ing is one to which his natural bent inclined him, 
and the experiences of those first years of close 
application are recalled with pleasure by him, 
for they were the stepping-stones on which he 
mounted to his present position. In order to 
more thoroughly fit himself for his life-work, he 
next pursued a special course of study at the In- 
stitute of Technology in Boston, and during the 
three years following his course of study, put his 



knowledge into practical operation in different 
offices of that city before opening an office on his 
own account. Being thus thoroughly prepared 
for his work, his success was marked from the 
first. In 1882 Mr. Frost removed to Chicago and 
associated himself in business with Mr. Henry I. 
Cobb, under the firm name of Cobb & Frost. This 
partnership continued until 1889, since which time 
Mr. Frost has carried on his business in his own 
name, his office at this time (1892) being in the 
Pullman building. While associated with Mr. 
Cobb, the firm planned, among other buildings, 
the Chicago Opera House, the Owings Building, 
and many private residences. Among the promi- 
nent structures designed by Mr. Frost since he has 
been in business by himself, may be mentioned 
the Passenger Station of the Chicago and North- 
Western Railroad Company at Milwaukee, which 
is regarded as a model of its kind, and one of the 

finest station buildings belonging to that company; 
also the Western Bank Note Company's building 
at the southwest corner of Madison street and 
Michigan avenue, Chicago ; the private residences 
of Mr. R. T. Crane and Mr. G. B. Shaw, on Mich- 
igan avenue ; of Mr. N. W. Harris, on Drexel boule- 
vard, and the University School building on Dear- 
born avenue. 

Personally, Mr. Frost possesses qualities of a 
high order. Prompt in business, firm in his 
friendships, generous, hospitable and charitable, 
he has attracted to himself a wide circle of 
friends and acquaintances, who esteem him for 
his manly character and noble qualities of head 
and heart. 

Mr. Frost was married January 7, 1885, to Miss 
Mary Hughitt, a daughter of Mr. Marvin Hughitt, 
general manager of the Chicago and North- West- 
ern Railway. 



tive of Granville, Washington county, 
New York, and was born August 10, 1840. When 
he was nine years old his parents removed to New 
Fane, in Western New York, and four years later 
settled on a farm near Clinton, in Rock county, 
Wisconsin. Until his seventeenth year young 
Strong worked on the farm, spending a few months 
in the meantime in study at Beloit College. In 
November, 1857, he began the study of law in 
the office of Messrs. Strong & Fuller, at Racine, 
Wisconsin, and in April, 1861, passed a creditable 
examination and was admitted to the bar. 

On the day of President Lincoln's proclama- 
tion calling for 75,000 men, April 15, 1861, young 
Strong raised a company of volunteers at Racine, 
then called "The Belle City Rifles," but subse- 
quently known as Company F, Second Regiment 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. This was the first 
Wisconsin regiment mustered into the United 
States service for three years, or during the war. 
In May, '61, the command was ordered to Wash- 
ington and assigned to Col. William T. Sherman's 
Brigade, Gen. Tyler's Division, Army of the 
Potomac, commanded by Gen. McDowell, and 

was engaged in both the battle of Blackburn's 
Ford, July 18, 1861, and the battle of Bull Run 
three days later. 

September 12, i86i,Capt. Strong was promoted 
to the rank of Major, and assigned to the Twelfth 
Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry, then forming in 
Wisconsin, and at once reported to it for duty, 
and aided in organizing and equipping it, and in 
December following was sent with his regiment 
to the command of Gen. David Hunter at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas. Major Strong was after- 
ward promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel 
of this regiment, which during January, Febru- 
ary, March, April and May served under Gen. 
Robert B. Mitchell in the State of Kansas, 
marching during those months over Soo miles. 
In the latter part of May, the regiment was 
ordered down the Mississippi river, and reached 
Columbus, Kentucky, just after the evacuation of 
Corinth by the Confederates. During the remain- 
der of the war our subject was with the Army of 
the Tennessee in all its battles, marches and cam- 
paigns, serving .at different times on the staffs of 
Generals McKean, James B. McPherson, John A. 
Logan and O. O. Howard, as Inspector-General 


of the Sixth Division (McKean's); of the Right 
Wing, Army of the Tennessee; of the Seven- 
teenth Army Corps, and of the Department and 
Army of the Tennessee. During the campaign 
from Atlanta to the sea, through the Carolinas, 
from Beaufort to Goldsboro, Raleigh, and on to 
Washington, he was chief-of-staff to Maj.-Gen. 

September 12, 1864, he was brevetted Colonel, 
for distinguished services in the Atlanta cam- 
paign, and on March 21, 1865, for gallant services 
in the Carolina campaigns, was brevetted Briga- 
dier-General. On September I, 1866, after five 
years and four months of continual service, Gen. 
Strong retired from the army with a brilliant 
record and honors well deserved and meritoriously 

Soon after leaving the army, he formed a busi- 
ness connection with the Peshtigo Lumber Com- 
pany, and on January i, 1867, settled in Chicago. 
On the following July 12, he was made secretary 
and treasurer of that company, offices which he 
filled until October 25, 1873, when he was elected 
president of that organization, an office which he 
held till his death in 1891. Upon the formation 
of the Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan Ship 
Canal and Harbor Company, May 7, 1872, he was 
elected treasurer and assistant secretary, and 
two years later (Nov. 18, 1874) became one of its 
directors, and took an active part in the construc- 
tion of the Sturgeon Bay Canal, which was com- 
pleted and accepted by the State of Wisconsin in 
December, 1881. In the will of the late Hon. 
William B. Ogden, who died August 2, 1877, 
Gen. Strong was named as one of the executors 
and trustees of that estate, and from September 
13, 1877, when, with others, he qualified as such, 
in New York City, he continued to discharge the 
duties of this responsible trust till his demise. 

Owing to his long and honorable military record, 
Gen. Strong always held a high place in military 
circles, and was honored by his comrades with 
many positions of trust, having been for several 
years Junior and Senior Vice-Commander of the 
Illinois Commandery of the Loyal Legion, and 
also Commander of that body. The following trib- 
utes from his comrades will be read with interest: 
Capt. E. A. Blodgett says: "Gen. Strong is an 
excellent speaker, a fine singer, and a royal gen- 
tleman. A past commander of the Illinois Com- 

mandery, he is 'a general favorite; a man widely 
and greatly appreciated for his many talents and 
rare qualities of heart and mind." Judge Walter 
Q. Gresham thus speaks of Gen. Strong: "He 
was on Gen. McPherson's staff when the latter 
was killed in front of Atlanta, and for several 
years previous thereto. There was a strong bond 
of friendship between them, which was no more 
than natural, as their temperaments were very 
much alike. Both were warm-hearted, generous, 
confiding and brave. Few men were as popular 
as Gen. Strong in the Army of the Tennessee ; 
his patience, tact and rare good judgment enabled 
him to avoid antagonisms and made him especially 
valuable to his chief. The traits of character 
which enabled Gen. Strong to achieve success and 
reputation in the army have been of great service 
to him as a business man. While not lacking in 
firmness and sense of duty, he is ever ready to 
yield technicalities and non-essentials, and no 
man is more widely known or more highly 
esteemed in Chicago than he.'' 

Under the administrations of both Gov. Bev- 
eridge and Gov. Cullom, Gen. Strong was In- 
spector-General of the Illinois National Guard, 
and also of rifle practice ; and was acting chair- 
man of the local committee of the Society of 
the Army of the Tennessee at the grand reunion 
and reception of October, 1879, m honor of Gen. 
Grant upon his return from his famous trip around 
the world. Although Gen. Logan was nominally 
chairman of that committee, the duties of direct- 
ing that celebrated ovation devolved upon Gen. 
Strong, and the masterly manner in which he per- 
formed those duties reflected high honor upon the 
organization he represented, and displayed in him 
unusual executive ability and generalship. 

Upon his resignation as Inspector-General of 
the Illinois National Guard, near the close of the 
year 1879, the following was written as expressing 
the high esteem in which he was held : 



SPRINGFIELD, ILL., Dec. 13, 1879. 

Col. William E. Strong, Inspector-General of the Illinois 
National Guard, tenders his resignation, to take effect Janu- 
ary i, 1880. The Commander-in-Chief, in view of the urgent 
reasons given by Col. Strong for this step, accepts the same 
with great regret. 

Col. Strong was commissioned Inspector-General on the 
2ist day of December, 1875, and he has worthily filled the 


trust reposed in him to the present date. Under the code of 
1877 he ranked as a Brigadier-General. Subsequent legisla- 
tion, however, reduced the grade of all officers in the State 

In this resignation the State of Illinois loses the service of 
a true and tried soldier, and the National Guard one of its 
ablest officers. To Col. Strong is due the credit of the sys- 
tem of inspection and rifle practice now in use in this State, 
and the Commander-in-Chief in general orders takes this 
occasion to publicly thank him for his distinguished services 
voluntarily rendered to the State and its troops covering a 
period of over four years. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief. 

(Signed) H. MILLIARD, 

Adjutant- General. 

Gen. Strong was a close friend of Gen. Sheridan, 
upon whose invitation and in whose company he 
made six trips across the Western States and 
Territories, traveling for the most part on pack 
mules through a wild and unexplored country. 
These hazardous journeys, with all their hardships 
and fatigues, as well as the opportunities they 
afforded for indulging his sportsmanship in hunt- 
ing big game and fishing for trout, were remem- 
bered by him as among the happiest incidents of 
his life. 

He was an ardent friend and admirer of Gen. 
Grant, and at the national convention held at 
Chicago in 1880, when Gen. Grant was a promi- 
nent candidate for the presidency, he served as 
Sergeant-at-Arms, and at the time of his death 
was President of the Board of Trustees, com- 
posed of, beside himself, Mr. Potter Palmer, Mr. 
S. M. Nickerson, Mr. Norman Williams and Mr. 
E. S. Dryer, having in charge the erection in 
Lincoln Park of the Grant equestrian statue. 

Gen. Strong was a member of the George H. 
Thomas Post, G. A. R., a member of the Chicago 

Commercial and Literary Clubs, and also belonged 
to the Tolleston Shooting Club, in the latter of 
which, being a " crack shot," he took special 

Upon the decision of Congress to hold a 
World's Columbian Exposition at Chicago in 
1893, Gen. Strong was elected by the stockholders 
of that organization one of its Board of Directors, 
an office for which his wide and varied experience, 
his accurate knowledge of men and affairs, and 
his diversified talents most admirably fitted him. 

He was a man of marked traits, combining 
energy, perseverance, will power, and loyalty to 
principle with a high sense of honor, fairness and 
justice that never failed to command from all who 
knew him confidence and respect. As a public 
speaker Gen. Strong was an orator of note, 
possessing a style at once clear, simple, logical 
and convincing, and never failed to hold the close 
attention of his auditors. He was passionately 
fond of music, being a fine vocalist, and enjoyed 
more than local reputation as a singer of army 
songs. In politics he was always identified with 
the Republican party. In his religious affiliations 
and sentiments he was an Episcopalian. He was 
married April 25, 1867, to Miss Mary Bostwick 
Ogden, daughter of Mahlon D. Ogden, Esq., and 
a niece of Hon. William B. Ogden, Chicago's first 
Mayor, a lady of most estimable qualities and 
fine womanly instincts. They had one son and 
two daughters, viz., Ogden, Henrietta Ogden and 
Mary Ogden. Gen. Strong died in Florence, 
Italy, on April 10, 1891, aged fifty years and 
eight months. His remains were brought home, 
and rest, peacefully enshrouded in the national 
colors, in his native soil. 



born in Fairhaven, Mass., September 25, 
1832. His father, William P. Jenney, was a 
direct descendant, on the maternal side, of John 
Alden of the " Mayflower," and his mother, Eliza 
Le Baron Gibbs, was also of Plymouth stock. 
He has three brothers: Ansel G., Herbert and 

Walter P., and one sister. 

After completing his studies at Cambridge, 
Mass., he went to France and graduated in 1856 
from the Ecole Central des Arts et Manufactures 
of Paris, as an engineer of construction. Imme- 
diately after his graduation, he was called to the 
Isthmus of Tehuantepec, where he had charge of 
the works for the Tehuantepec Railroad Company. 
Owing to the financial crisis of 1857, the work 



was stopped, and he returned to Paris, where he 
was appointed engineer of an American company. 
During an interval which followed, while the 
company was arranging to commence operations, 
he studied architecture in various offices and in 
galleries of sculpture and painting. In 1859, he 
was sent to the United States by the European 
bondholders of the Marietta and Cincinnati Rail- 
way Company to make a report of that road. 
Soon afterward he was appointed one of three 
engineers of the Bureau of American Securities in 
Europe, then forming, of which William T. Sher- 
man (afterward general in the U. S. Army) be- 
came president, and William F. Roelofson vice- 
president. About the time that the affairs of the 
concern were nearly consummated, operations 
were suspended by the opening of the civil war 
in the United States. 

Mr. Jenney had opened an office as an architect 
and engineer at Cincinnati, Ohio, at that time. 
But shortly after the occupation of Cairo he was 
appointed by General George B. McClellan as 
assistant in the civil engineers' department of the 
army, and accompanied Capt. Henry Benham to 
Cairo, Illinois, where he was left to complete the 
fortifications under Chief Engineer J. D. Webster. 
Receiving from Gen. Fremont an appointment as 
ist Lieutenant Vol. Engineers, he was ordered 
by General Halleck to assist Lieut.-Col. Mac- 
Pherson (who was afterwards major-general com- 
manding the Army of the Tennessee, and killed 
at Atlanta), and was present at the taking of 
Forts Henry and Donelson, the battles of Shi- 
loh and Pittsburg Landing, and the siege of 
Corinth, where he was chief engineer on Gen. 
Grant's staff. President Lincoln appointed him 
additional aide-de-camp in the regular army, 
to date from August 19, 1861, with the rank of 
captain, and later he built the fortifications at 
Memphis. He accompanied Gen. Sherman as 
chief engineer in his expedition against Vicks- 
burg, and took charge of the work on the "cut-off" 
canal. He remained on Gen. Sherman's staff 
during the remainder of the war, and was engi- 
neer of the 1 5th army corps at Vicksburg, and 
later engineer of the Army of the Tennessee. 
When Gen. Sherman took command in the West, 
Capt. Jenney was placed in charge at engineer 
headquarters, Nashville, Tenn. 

After the war, having been breveted major, he 

was ordered to accompany Gen. Sherman to St. 
Louis and to prepare a map of his campaigns. 
This map was afterwards loaned by the war de- 
partment and published with Gen. Sherman's 
memoirs. He resigned his commission May 19, 
1866, and entered the office of Olmsted, Vaux 
and Withers, of New York city, architects and 
landscape artists, and was shortly made vice- 
president of the McKean Coal Company, and of 
the Humboldt Oil Refining Company. 

Mr. Jenney was married to Miss Lizzie H. 
Cobb, of Cleveland, May 8, 1867, and has two 
sons: Max, born May 2, 1868, and Frank Le 
Baron, born December 6, 1869. 

He came to Chicago in the fall of 1867, and 
formed a partnership with Sanford E. Loring, 
Esq., with whom he published the Practice and 
Principles of Architecture. The partnership 
was- dissolved in 1869, and Mr. Jenney was ap- 
pointed architect and engineer of the West 
Chicago Park Commissioners, and the same year, 
superintendent of architectural construction at 
Riverside, for Olmsted, Vaux and Company. The 
character of the work required careful and skill- 
ful associates. Mr. Jenney formed with L. Y. 
Schermerhorn, John Bogart and L. Y. Colyer, of 
New York, a partnership which continued one 
year by agreement. During that time designs 
were furnished for the West Chicago parks, a part 
of Washington Park at Albany, N. Y., and for the 
improvement of the capitol grounds at Nashville, 
Tenn., aside from the work at Riverside. Mr. 
Jenney was still actively engaged in architectural 
work. He has designed the following important 
structures : Grace Episcopal Church, Portland 
block, Mason's building, St. Caroline's court at 
Chicago ; the Sharp and Fletcher Bank building, 
and the residence of H. Bates, Jr., at Indianapolis, 
Ind., besides many dwellings in Chicago and 
Riverside. In 1874 he was appointed a member 
of the committee of the Chicago Academy of 
Design, and in May, 1876, Professor of Archi- 
tecture at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 
In 1876, he was sent by the Secretary of the 
Interior to report on the construction of the 
Texas and Pacific Railway, then completed west 
to Fort Worth. 

The Home Insurance building, northeast 
corner of Adams and La Salle streets, was de- 
signed by Mr. Jenney, it being the first tall, 



highly finished, fireproof building in Chicago, and 
in which was first introduced the iron skeleton 
construction, fireproofed only by masonry, the 
weight all carried by vertical columns, and which 
has since become known as the Chicago construc- 
tion. In this building were used the first steel 
beams manufactured in this country. Among 
other important buildings designed by him are 
the Union League Club House, the L. Z. Leiter 
building, State, Van Buren and Congress streets, 
the Manhattan building on Dearborn street the 
first sixteen story building started in Chicago 
the Fair building, State, Dearborn and Adams 
streets. He was appointed one of ten archi- 

tects, five of whom were selected from Chicago 
and five from other sections of the country, to 
form an Architectural Commission Advisatory, 
and also to take special charge of the main 
group of buildings at Jackson Park for the 
World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. To 
Mr. Jenney was specially assigned the horticul- 
tural building. 

Mr. Jenney is a member of the Union League 
Club and the University Club of Chicago, and of 
the Loyal Legion ; the Society of the Army of 
the Tennessee, and Grand Army of the Republic. 
He is also a member of the American Institute 
of Architects. 



on October 31, 1831, in the town of Ame- 
nia, Dutchess county, New York, and is a son of 
Richard and Lucinda Williams. His father, a 
native of Connecticut, was of English descent, 
and traced his genealogy through a branch of the 
Roger Williams family of Rhode Island. In 
early life he moved into the State of New York; 
was married to Lucinda Davis, of Quaker Hill, 
New York, and there engaged in the boot and 
shoe business. Miss Davis was of Holland Dutch 
descent. Richard Williams died at the age of 
seventy-three years; his widow now (1892) resides 
in Chicago, and is eighty-two years old. 

Our subject attended the common schools of 
his native place, and the old " Quaker School " 
located in the town of Washington, Dutchess 
county, New York, and also attended an agricul- 
tural school, and received a thorough farm train- 
ing. From his ninth to his fifteenth year he lived 
with the family of one Stephen Haight, a Quaker 
who became strongly attached to him and worked 
during the summer and attended school during 
the winter months. Young Williams was indus- 
trious and faithful, rising early and working from 
twelve to fifteen hours per day during the sum- 
mer months, and was entrusted with important 
matters by his employer. At the age of seven- 
teen he abandoned farm life to engage in mercan- 
tile pursuits, beginning at Dover Plains, on a sala- 

ry of five dollars per month and his board. He 
was afterwards employed in a store at Amenia, 
New York, and, later, secured a position in a gen- 
eral store, in connection with a pig-iron furnace 
manufactory, and on several occasions he was 
sent to New York City to purchase goods for the 
firm. After this he spent a few months inspect- 
ing railroad supplies, during the construction of 
the Harlan railroad from Dover Plains to Amenia, 
also acting as station agent. In 1852 he got the 
" gold fever," and made several unsuccessful at- 
tempts to secure passage to California, via the 
Isthmus route. On one occasion he stood in line 
all night before the ticket office in New York 
City, only to find before reaching the window 
that all the tickets for passage were sold. In 
November, of the following year, he again vis- 
ited New York, and after registering at the old 
Astor House, made another trial, and finally 
secured passage to San Francisco, via Cape Horn, 
on Adam Smith's line of sailing clippers, by pur- 
chasing a whole state-room, and re-selling parts of 
it to four of his friends. The vessel, which was 
named the Grecian, was fitted up in first-class 
style for passenger service ; she sailed from New 
York on February 2, 1852, with five hundred pas- 
sengers on board. The passage was a stormy 
one, and the trip was attended with several inter- 
esting incidents. Stopping in Rio, Brazil, and 
also in Chili, gave him an opportunity to make a 



tour of observation in and about the surrounding 
country. He also had the pleasure of meeting, 
with a small party of his countrymen, Dom Pedro, 
the then Emperor of Brazil, and also the family 
of the President of Chili, at Concepcione. There 
he visited the ruins caused by the great earth- 
quake many years before, and reached San Fran- 
cisco, by way of the Sandwich Islands, in August, 
making the trip in little less than six months. 
He went direct to the mining district lying 
north of Sacramento and Marysville, but soon 
after he returned to Marysville and engaged in 
the retail grocery and steamboat supply trade ; 
and afterward was engaged in the wholesale gro- 
cery trade and in the hotel business. Commenc- 
ing with a cash capital of only two hundred dol- 
lars, he soon obtained a good credit in San Fran- 
cisco, and was doing a thriving business when his 
store was destroyed by fire, resulting in the loss 
of nearly all he had gained. However, he at 
once rebuilt his store and put in a new stock of 
goods. Mr. John C. Fall, a merchant, at that time 
doing an extensive business in San Francisco and 
Marysville, having great confidence in young Wil- 
liams, gave him a large line of credit at San 
Francisco, by which he was enabled to continue 
business. About the same time the Steamboat 
Combination Company, operating in San Francis- 
co and Sacramento, was so managed as to divert 
trade for the upper mining country from the Ma- 
rysville merchants to those of Sacramento, which 
caused great excitement and dissatisfaction among 
Marysville merchants. Calling a meeting, they 
organized themselves into " The Enterprise Steam- 
boat Company," of which Mr. Williams was made 
the first secretary, and rendered valuable service 
in procuring subscriptions to the stock. After a 
few months this company's success was such as to 
entirely break up the Combination Company's 
traffic to Marysville, and so affected rates at Sac- 
ramento that their monopoly was destroyed. Mr. 
Williams was present when Sacramento was ru- 
ined by the great flood in 1853, and afterward 
saw the city destroyed by fire. 

In the latter part of the year 1854, he closed 
out his business preparatory to returning home. 
He at first secured a passage on the steamer 
Yankee Blade, but on the day that steamer sailed 
sold his ticket and procured another entitling 
him to passage on the steamer Golden Gate. 

The exchange proved most fortunate for him, 
for the Yankee Blade had been at sea but three 
days when she was driven upon the rocks and 
nearly all on board were lost. Before sailing, Mr. 
Williams was promised the position of special ex- 
press messenger to have in charge the shipment 
of gold coin from New York to San Francisco, 
and to begin in the following March. The home- 
ward trip was made via the Isthmus route and 
was attended with some unpleasant experiences, 
the chief of which was an attempt on the part of 
one William Walker and his army to capture the 
government of Nicaraugua, by reason of which 
the trip across the isthmus was somewhat delayed. 
Notwithstanding the delay, the trip to New York 
was made in twenty days, being the quickest pas- 
sage from San Francisco to New York then on 
record. Mr. Williams' arrival at home was a great 
surprise to his friends who supposed he was lost, 
having seen his name among the list of passen- 
gers who perished in the wreck of the ill-fated 
steamer Yankee Blade. After recuperating a 
short time, he abandoned his purpose of returning 
to California, and, instead, made a trip through 
Illinois and Iowa, and on May i, 1855, landed in 
Chicago, where he has since made his home. He 
first secured a position as cashier and assistant 
with Messrs. E. Stevens & Co., at " Old Bull's 
Head," on West Madison street, in the stock- 
yards business. This business was afterwards 
purchased by Messrs. John B. Sherman & Co., 
with whom Mr. Williams continued for several 
months. After that he was engaged in the lum- 
ber, grain and mercantile trade at Decatur and 
Monequa, Illinois, some three years. Returning 
to Chicago, he became connected with the Lake 
Shore Stock Yards, located on Cottage Grove 
avenue and Twenty-ninth street, and acted as 
cashier and chief clerk. For a short time he was 
stock agent for the Chicago & Great Eastern and 
Baltimore & Ohio (now the Pittsburgh, Chicago, 
Cincinnati & St. Louis) railroads, and also super- 
intended the construction of the stock yards at 
Richmond, Indiana. In June, 1867, upon the 
organization of the Union Stock Yards Company 
at Chicago, Mr. Williams was made its cashier 
and assistant secretary, and afterwards was elec- 
ted its secretary and treasurer, offices which he 
has filled with marked ability for the past twenty- 
five years, during which time he has had the en- 


tire management of the company's financial mat- 
ters. He is also at the present time (1892) presi- 
dent and treasurer of the Union Rendering Com- 
pany; secretary, treasurer and a director of the 
Chicago & Indiana State Line railway ; vice-presi- 
dent and a director of the National Live Stock 
bank, and a director in other corporations. In 
all these offices Mr. Williams has shown unusual 
financial and executive ability, and won the con- 
fidence and respect of his associate officers and 

Mr. Williams is not a politician but has always 
been interested in political affairs. He cast his 
first presidential vote for General Winfield Scott, 
and upon the organization of the Republican 
party, in 1856, he identified himself with it and 
has adhered to its principles and teachings ever 
since. At the opening of the war of the rebellion, 
while living in Central Illinois, he enlisted a com- 
pany of eighty-five men for the United States 
service. This company afterwards formed a part 

of John M. Palmer's regiment. Mr. Williams, 
although elected captain of this company, was 
prevented from entering by a severe attack of 
typhoid fever, contracted from exposure while re- 
cruiting and drilling the company in the night air. 

He has never sought political preferment, al- 
though important offices have been tendered him. 
He served twelve years on the Republican State 
Central Committee, being four years member at 
large for the northern district of Illinois. 

Mr. Williams was married in October, 1856, to 
Miss Maria A. Eggleston, a daughter of Mr. N. 
S. Eggleston, who was a thrifty farmer at Miller- 
ton, in Dutchess county, New York. 

Mr. Williams' career has been along the line of 
patient, persistent effort, and it is but due to 
name him among Chicago's successful men. He 
has amassed a small fortune which he has secure- 
ly and profitably invested, and, with his family, 
enjoys his luxurious home recently built at No. 
4724 Drexel Boulevard, Chicago. 



ONE of the most important positions in 
connection with the World's Columbian 
Exposition is that of traffic manager. The official 
who wears this title, which carries with it influ- 
ence, dignity and honor, should be a practical, 
active railroad man, fully up with the require- 
ments of the position of general traffic manager 
of a great railway. He must be familiar with the 
railroad world and its methods of doing business, 
how to get passengers and how to handle freight. 
While the traffic manager of the ordinary Ameri- 
can road is amply equipped for his position if he 
understands the transportation situation in his 
own country, the World's Fair traffic manager 
must organize a bureau to cover the earth. The 
transportation committee of the Directory, com- 
posed of the leading railroad officials of Chicago, 
were entrusted with the selection of a traffic 
manager. They were overwhelmed with applica- 
tions for the position, but after due consideration 
they selected Elbert E. Jaycox, and, very much 
to that gentleman's surprise, tendered him the 
office. He had never solicited the consideration 

of the committee, nor did he desire the appoint- 
ment. His selection was the choice of the com- 
mittee and the unanimous vote of the Directory. 
His appointment was the first of the executive 
staff of the Exposition, and was approved by the 
Director-General October I2th, 1890. 

Elbert Eugene Jaycox was born on October 
24th, 1856, in New York City. His parents, Wil- 
liam B. Jaycox and Louisa M. (Bailey) Jaycox, 
were both descendants of old New York families. 
His mother's grandfather was one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence and a mem- 
ber of the first Congress of the United States. 
The Bailey family is an old one in this country's 
history, and one of the members of the family, 
which now contains many prominent financiers of 
New York State, has in his possession a deed, 
executed on parchment, in favor of one of the 
family, dated in 1580. William B. Jaycox, our 
subject's father, was a descendant of an old 
Knickerbocker family, tracing his ancestry to 

When our subject was a lad of nine years, the 



family removed West and located in Evanston, 
one of Chicago's most charming suburbs. Here 
he received his education and graduated from the 
Evanston High School in 1871. His inclinations 
and desires were strongly in favor of the career of 
a railroad man, consequently he obtained a posi- 
tion in the general passenger and ticket office of 
the Chicago and North-Western Railroad, in a 
minor capacity that of " foreign check clerk." 
For twenty years he remained in the service of 
this gigantic corporation, and by the faithful and 
honorable discharge of his duties he rapidly ad- 
vanced, and when he resigned his position to 
accept the office he now holds, he was occupying 
a high position of trust. His record while in the 
employ of the Chicago and North-Western was 
clean, and his appointment to the high position 
on the executive staff of the World's Fair was 
not only unanimously approved by the officials of 
the Exposition, but the officials of the different 
railroad lines centering here deemed the appoint- 
ment extremely good. He is thoroughly familiar 
with the vast railroad system centering in Chicago, 
as well as with their connections stretching over 
the entire continent. He knows how to create a 
passenger traffic, and how to draw it here, besides 
possessing that invaluable accessory of a success- 
ful railroad official a wide and popular acquaint- 
ance among railroad men. His connection with 
the North-Western Railroad has caused him to 
visit all sections of our country and Canada, and, 
it is needless to state, he has formed the acquaint- 
ance of men of prominence throughout the conti- 
nent that will be of great advantage to him in the 
position he now holds. 

Mr. Jaycox is one of the few men who have 
had Masonic interests at heart, and as such he 
was crowned with the highest honors at an early 
age. During the last triennial conclave he was on 
the staff of the Grand Commander of the State 
of Illinois, and he was the youngest Knight Tem- 
plar in attendance that had passed through all of 
the chairs, and it is certainly true that he is the 
most prominent Mason of his age in the country. 
His Masonic record is one of which he should feel 
proud. He was raised to the sublime degree of 
Master Mason in Evans Lodge, 524, F. and A. M., 
September I2th, 1882; January 26th, 1883, he 
was made a Royal Arch Mason in Evanston 
Chapter, 144: he was created a Knight Templar 

in Chicago Commandery, 19, K. T., on September 
i6th, 1883. Having been a member of that com- 
mandery for one year, he was elected by unani- 
mous vote Captain-General, for the purpose of 
taking the commandery to St. Louis to participate 
in the triennial conclave. Afterward demitting 
from the Chicago Commandery, he became a 
charter member of Evanston Commandery, 58, 
K. T. An incident that shows far better than 
words the esteem in which Mr. Jaycox is held by 
his fellow Knights, is the fact that shortly after 
the commandery was constituted he was elected 
its Eminent Commander. He was chosen for the 
position, not only because he was universally es- 
teemed by all its members, but also because he 
was the Sir Knight deemed most eminently fitted 
to impregnate the proper spirit into the command- 
ery. At the time of his election as Eminent 
Commander, the membership of the commandery 
was the smallest of any in the State, and after his 
year of service the membership of the command- 
ery was doubled, and its standing was raised until 
it was second to none in that commonwealth. 

A prominent member of the Evanston Com- 
mandery, in speaking of the reason why Mr. 
Jaycox, although comparatively speaking a very 
young man for the high office, was chosen Emi- 
nent Commander^ expresses himself in the follow- 
ing terms: "Mr. Jaycox was chosen because of 
his personal popularity and fitness ; his service 
lifted the commandery out of the slough of de- 
spond." At the next annual conclave, he was 
again chosen for the position he had filled so sat- 
isfactorily, but he declined to serve. 

The following extracts from the Chicago Times 
explain his Masonic record in brief, the first from 
the issue of November 2d, 1890, as follows: 

" Sir Knight Jaycox is one of the most enthusiastic workers 
in the commandery, and a leader in all that pertains to the 
welfare of all the Masonic bodies with which he is identified. 
He was made a Mason in Evans Lodge only about seven 
yeais ago, and within this comparatively short period he has 
earned and received honors in the craft of which many vet- 
erans might feel proud. Passing through the veils of Evans- 
ton Chapter, he entered the ranks of Knighthood in Chicago 
Commandery, No. 19, where he was soon elevated to the 
office of Captain-General. He retired from that body to 
become a charter member and take part in the organization 
of Evanston Commandery, of which he has always been a 
most active member and faithful, efficient and successful 

The other extract, from the Sunday Times, of 



March 29th, 1891, gives a brief history of his 
record with Evanston Commandery, No. 58: 

" At the annual conclave of that year (1888) Eminent Sir 
Knight Elbert E. Jaycox was elected Eminent Commander, 
and by his energy, ability, push and zeal he brought the 
commandery to the position it now occupies in the Templar 
world. Under his vigorous management a Masonic hall was 
erected in Evanston; he planned, fitted and furnished it on 
a scale of splendor that has been the admiration of all who 
have seen it. He provided for the commandery the finest 
costumes and paraphernalia to be found in this country. At 
the time Eminent Sir Knight Jaycox's work commenced, the 
commandery had fifty-four members, and during his term of 
office fifty petitions were received for the Order of Knight- 
hood, and the membership had increased to one hundred 
and four, and the treasury contained nearly twelve hundred 

On March 6th, 1877, he was married to Harriet 
A. Walker, of .Galena, Illinois. Mrs. Jaycox is a 
grand-niece of General Isaac Putnam, of Revolu- 
tionary fame. Her father was for many years a 
prominent merchant in Corfu, New York. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jaycox are blessed with three sons living, 
Charles Elbert, aged thirteen, Ralph Eugene, aged 
five, and Clarence Walker, aged one. In 1882, 
they met with a severe affliction in the loss of 
their second son, Herbert W., aged two years. 

In social circles, Mr. Jaycox is much esteemed ; 
he was one of the organizers and a director of the 
Ivanhoe Club, of Evanston, and he has ever taken 
an active part in all affairs of this organization. 
He is also a member of many secret societies out- 

side of his Masonic connections. He delights in 
a hunt, and is a member of the Minnesota Rod 
and Gun Club. Politically, he has ever been affil- 
iated with the Democratic party, and, although he 
has never sought an office, he was elected col- 
lector of South Evanston, in which capacity he 
served satisfactorily for one year. He is a mem- 
ber of St. Luke's Episcopal Church. 

Such is a brief sketch of his life. In it we find 
much to emulate. He has reached a position of 
prominence in the community that very few men 
of his age ever attain. In the transaction of the 
affairs of the traffic department of the Exposition 
he merits the hearty approval of all the officials. 
He is a young man of thirty-five, who undoubtedly 
has a bright and prosperous future before him, 
and he is certain to become, ere long, one of the 
most prominent railway officials of the United 
States. He has always filled every position of 
trust allotted to him to the entire satisfaction 
of all, his twenty years' service in positions of 
trust with one of our great corporations proving 
this fact. With the esteem of all with whom he 
has become associated, together with an honora- 
able business record for the past twenty years, 
and with honors and achievements in the Masonic 
fraternity of the very highest degrees, there is no 
subject more worthy of a position of prominence 
in this biographical work than is Elbert Eugene 



TO say of him whose name heads this sketch, 
that he has, by his own efforts, risen from 
comparative obscurity to rank among the million- 
aire merchant princes of the world is but stating 
a fact that seems trite to those familiar with his 
history. The volume that might be written con- 
cerning his remarkable career would prove highly 
interesting to those curious to know the history 
of successful men. But Mr. Field, though one of 
Chicago's most generous public-spirited men and 
broad-minded philanthropists, is a man of quiet 
demeanor, modest and reticent, who recoils from 
any attempt at ostentation or notoriety. Any 
adequate history of his life would involve the 

history of the various business interests with 
which he has been connected since he began his 
active career. 

He is a native of Massachusetts, and was born 
in 1835. At the age of twenty-one years, he 
began his business career in Chicago as a clerk in 
the dry goods house of Cooley, Wadsworth & Co., 
then located on South Water street, and engaged 
in both the wholesale and retail trade. This was 
in 1856. In the following year the house removed 
to Wabash avenue, the firm name changed to 
Cooley, Farwell & Co., and the business was con- 
fined to the wholesale trade. In 1860 Mr. Field 
became a partner in the business, and four years 


I0 3 

later the firm name was changed to Farwell, Field 
& Co., Mr. L. Z. Leiter becoming a partner at 
that time. In 1865 Messrs. Field and Leiter 
withdrew from the business and associated them- 
selves with Mr. Potter Palmer, who was then con- 
ducting on Lake street a prosperous dry goods 
business which he had established in 1852, the 
firm name becoming Field, Palmer and Leiter. 
This firm continued till January, 1867, when Mr. 
Palmer retired from the business and the firm 
name changed to Field, Leiter & Co. In the fall 
of 1868 the business was removed to the north- 
east corner of State and Washington streets, 
where it continued to prosper until swept away in 
the general conflagration of October 8th and pth, 
1871. At the time of this disaster, the business 
of the firm, amounting to $8,000,000 a year, was 
carried on in a single building. The value of the 
firm's property destroyed was estimated to be 
$3,500,000, on which $2,500,000 of insurance was 
collected. The firm at once resumed business in 
the old street railway barn at the southwest cor- 
ner of State and Eighteenth streets, and without 
delay replaced the destroyed edifice at the corner 
of State and Washington streets by an elegantly 
planned structure, to be thereafter devoted exclu- 
sively to the retail trade, while a commodious 
building was erected at the corner of Madison 
and Market streets for the accommodation of 
the wholesale department. This department was 
afterwards, in 1887, removed to its present loca- 
tion on Adams street, into the massive stone 
structure covering an entire block, and built 
expressly for it, and which is regarded as among 
the finest models of commercial architecture 
extant. Upon the completion of the new struc- 
ture the retail department was removed to the 
old site, and thenceforward the business has 
shown a marvelous growth, the sales having in- 
creased from $8,000,000 a year, before the great 
fire, to the enormous sum of $35,000,000 in 1891. 
Since 1881, when Mr. Leiter retired from the bus- 
iness, it has been conducted under the firm name 
of Marshall Field & Co. 

It certainly is not asserting too much to say of 
one who can direct and control a business of such 
magnitude, extending, as it does, from the Alps 
to the Rocky Mountains for it involves branch 
houses in England, France and Germany that 
he must possess, aside from mercantile foresight 

and sagacity, the happy faculty of reading and 
judging men, unusual powers of organization, and 
executive ability of a high order ; in a word, that 
his must be a master mind. And yet, if one shall 
seek in Mr. Field's career the rules that have 
led to his success, they will be found along the 
lines of well-tried and old-time maxims. Honesty 
and fair dealing; cash purchases; short credits; 
promptness, truthfulness, fidelity all these are 
strictly enforced and adhered to. Faithfulness 
on the part of employes is promoted by the 
knowledge that good service means advancement 
as opportunity opens and that neglect of duty 
will not be tolerated, and is further enhanced by 
the interest taken by the employer in the personal 
welfare of the deserving. 

While estimates of the size of great fortunes 
are oftentimes matters of guess work, it is grati- 
fying to know that his strict adherence to correct 
business principles has brought to Mr. Field a 
fortune that is placed by his close friends at about 

A particularly noticeable trait of Mr. Field's 
character is modesty. He is of a retiring dispo- 
sition, and shrinks from newspaper notoriety. 
Anything like ostentation in charity he studiously 
avoids. Though he contributes freely to worthy 
objects, he has pronounced views in the matter of 
giving, and is careful not to add to the indis- 
criminate benevolence that often does more harm 
than good. His desire is to avoid any responsi- 
bility for blunting endeavor or for encouraging 
idleness. He assists in practically all the com- 
mendable movements of a public character in his 
city requiring funds. As instances, he recently 
gave a plot of ground worth $100,000 for the 
building of the Baptist University about to be 
instituted in Chicago with the important aid 
of Mr. Rockefeller. To the Manual Training 
School of the same city he gave $20,000. His 
list of personal beneficiaries is very large, and no 
one who has any kind of real claim upon him is 
disregarded. The extent of what he does in this 
respect the world, doubtless, will never know. It 
is not his practice to figure conspicuously at the 
head of subscription papers, or to be personally 
conspicuous anywhere, but his gifts of all kinds 
in the course of a year amount to a large aggre- 
gate. He is a member of most of the principal 
clubs, but cannot be called a club man. Thought- 


ful and perhaps somewhat reserved in manner, he 
is kindly, genial, and entirely approachable, and 
there is nothing about him to indicate that his 
personality is at all affected by his extraordinary 
wealth a wealth albeit coming mainly from 
systematic, long-continued, legitimate business 
methods, and not through the exercise of the art 
of- making something out of nothing by the wat- 
ering of stocks and the juggling with securities. 

Mr. Field is a man of prepossessing appearance. 
His hair and moustache are white, his counten- 
ance refined, thoughtful and intelligent, and his 
figure somewhat spare and slightly above the 
medium height. He was married in 1863 to Miss 
Nannie Scott, daughter of Mr. Robert Scott, a 
prominent iron-master of Ironton, Ohio. They 
have one son and one daughter, both of whom 
are married. 



THE subject of this sketch ranks among the 
foremost business men of Chicago. A na- 
tive of Martinsburg, Lewis county, New York, he 
was born December 18, 1828. He received his 
early education in the public schools, and, later, 
graduated from the State Academy at Lowville, 
New York, preparatory to entering Hamilton 
College. After leaving the Academy, however, 
he changed his purpose, and instead of entering 
college, accepted a position in his father's store at 
Martinsburg, where he remained until 1854. Dur- 
ing that year, being then twenty-six years of age, 
he removed to Chicago and began that business 
career in which he has achieved a most enviable 
success and made for himself a reputation of 
which any man might justly be proud. Mr. King 
was first associated with Mr. S. L. Barrett and P. 
V. Kellogg, under the firm name of Barrett, King 
& Co., and opened a wholesale clothing house at 
No. 189 South Water street, Chicago. In 1857 
the business was removed to Nos. 205, 207 South 
Water street, and three years later to Nos. 25, 27 
Lake street. In 1863 the firm name changed to 
King, Kellogg and Co., by the withdrawal of Mr. 
Barrett. This firm continued till in 1868, when 
it was dissolved by mutual consent, and Mr. 
King associated himself with Messrs. W. C. 
Browning and Edward W. Dewey, of New York, 
under the style of Henry W. King and Co., 
and opening a store at the corner of Lake street 
and Michigan avenue. From 1868 to the pres- 
ent time (1892), the name and personnel of 
the firm have remained unchanged. During the 
great fire of October 9, 1871, the house sustained 
a loss of $550,000; but, through the courtesy 

of the late Mr. Wirt Dexter, then solicitor for 
the Michigan Central Railroad Company, who 
placed at their disposal a train of freight cars, 
they were enabled to save one hundred thou- 
sand dollars' worth of stock, which they 
shipped to Michigan City and stored. With 
characteristic enterprise, while the ruins of the 
burned city were still smoking, the firm secured 
temporary quarters at the corner of Canal and 
Washington streets, and, reshipping the goods 
from Michigan, City and bringing others from 
their large manufacturing establishment in New 
York City, they were enabled at the end of two 
weeks after the fire to reopen their business. 
The business was removed in the following year, 
1872, to the Farwell block on Market street, and 
was continued there until 1875, when it was 
changed to the southeast corner of Madison and 
Franklin streets. They are now (1892) at the cor- 
ner of Adams and Market. From the beginning, 
the volume of the business has steadily grown, 
and during the ten years last past, the firm have 
established flourishing retail houses in New York 
City, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, Milwaukee, Minne- 
apolis, St. Paul, Omaha, Kansas City, St. Louis 
and Chicago. These branch houses are conduct- 
ed under the firm name of Browning, King & Co., 
and their annual business, with that of the whole- 
sale house, aggregates about $5,000,000. Mr. 
King's original firm in 1854 did an annual busi- 
ness not to exceed $150,000. Mr. King has been 
called to many positions of trust. For twenty- 
five years he has been one of the directors of the 
Commercial National Bank, of Chicago, and has 
been called to act as executor in many large 

- Jfr^^zVU^ 


of Chicago. Such was the origin of the great 
Chicago live stock market of to-day. Such men 
as J. F. Joy, T. B. Blackstone, John L. Hancock, 
R. M. Hough, Sidney A. Kent, C. M. Culbertson, 
Lyman Blair, D. Kreigh, M. L. Sykes, G. W. Cass, 
J. F. Tracy, H. E. Sargent, John B. Drake, etc., 
etc., were associated with Mr. Sherman in the 
enterprise, and took the stock of the new organi- 
zation. Before the completion of the yards, Mr. 
Sherman, intending to retire from business, had 
changed his place of residence, building a fine 
home at Poughkeepsie, New York. But one 
year later he changed his plans and returned to 
Chicago, and upon the death of Mr. F. E. Bry- 
ant, who was the first superintendent of the Union 
Stock Yards, Mr. Sherman was chosen general 
superintendent by the Stock Yards Company, 
and entered upon his duties June i, 1867. For 
several years Mr. Sherman could be seen daily in 
the saddle, on his favorite black horse, riding 
through the different portions of the yards, in- 
specting the workings of the organization and 
giving particular attention to all such details as 
would insure the best accommodations to the pat- 
rons of the yards, and to the railroad companies, 
his aim being to make the Union Stock Yards the 
greatest live stock market in the world, an object 
and ambition which have been fully realized ; and 
it may in truth, be said that no man could have 
been selected who could have better met the 
requirements of the responsible position. Mr. 
Sherman was afterwards elected vice-president 
and general manager and a director of the com- 
pany, offices which he still holds (1892). His 
management, from the first, has been character- 
ized by a liberal spirit toward all parties con- 

cerned among the railroads and packers without 
any discrimination. 

Mr. Sherman has always been a public-spirited 
man, so far as concerned the public improvements 
of Chicago, and has taken a great interest in the 
improvement of the suburbs of the city, and 
especially the public parks and boulevards; and 
as a member of the Board of South Park Com- 
missioners has rendered valuable service in bring- 
ing Chicago's park system to its present state of 
perfection where it is an honor to the city and 
State. And in the accomplishment of this, Mr. 
Sherman has supreme delight, and with his asso- 
ciates on the board deserves all the commenda- 
tion that has been bestowed. 

Mr. Sherman's political views have, in the main, 
been with the Republican party, but he would 
never accept a political office. In local elections 
he always supports the man whom he considers 
best qualified for office, regardless of party. To 
the public charities of Chicago Mr. Sherman has 
been a liberal giver. 

Financially, Mr. Sherman may be counted a 
millionaire. He has a beautiful and luxurious 
home in the South division of Chicago, and a val- 
uable farm and other property at Washington 
Heights, and is largely interested in banking and 
various other monied enterprises. His success 
is well deserved, and is the result of patient, per- 
sistent effort. His habits of life are simple and 
to them he owes his good health. He has always 
been an early riser and retires for the night early 
in the evening. Mr. Sherman's family consists of 
his wife, one son and one daughter, the wife of 
Mr. D. H. Burnham, chief architect of the World's 
Columbian Exposition. 



THE name Farwell has been identified with 
the material advancement of Chicago for 
the past forty years, and during the last thirty 
years the influence of members of the family has 
been extended to more than local fame, and has 
become identified with affairs of the utmost im- 
portance toward the best interests of our coun- 
try and toward the advancement of Christianity. 

John Villars Farwell is a descendant, in the 
eighth generation, of Henry Farwell, one of the 
incorporators of the town of Concord, Massachu- 
setts. Henry Farwell traced his ancestry to the 
early English people ; old documents state that in 
the reign of Edward I (about 1280) Richard Far- 
well married the heiress of Elias de Rillestone 
and brought Rillestone and several other estates 


into the family. These continued in the male 
line until the reign of Henry VII (1500), when 
they passed through an heiress to the family of 
Radcliffe, although some portion remains to this 
day in a family who call themselves Farvell, and 
bear the same coat of arms and claim direct de- 
scent from Richard Farwell. The name is and 
has been spelt Fauvell, Favell, Varwell, Farwell 
and Farcvell. 

John V. Farwell was born in Campbelltown, 
Steuben county, New York, July 29, 1825. Until 
the age of sixteen he lived upon his father's farm, 
attending school during the winter months and 
assisting in farm duties during the summer. At 
this time, although he possessed but limited 
means, he determined to have a more complete 
education, and accordingly entered Mount Morris 
Seminary, devoting himself earnestly to those 
branches essential to success in business. He 
gave special attention to mathematics, book-keep- 
ing and composition, and, for the sake of econ- 
omy boarded himself, continuing his studies until 
he had acquired a good business education. 

In 1845, with three dollars and twenty-five 
cents in his pocket, he arrived in Chicago, little 
dreaming of the magnificent future in store for 
him. He found employment in the city clerk's 
office at a salary of twelve dollars per month, 
with the privilege of reporting the proceedings of 
the Council at the rate of two dollars per report. 
His accuracy and strict adherence to the truth 
gave offense to certain members of the Council, 
and led to his withdrawal. He next entered the 
dry goods house ot Hamilton and White, at a 
salary of eight dollars per month, and at the- 
expiration of one year passed to the house of 
Hamlin and Day, at an advanced salary of two 
hundred and fifty dollars per annum. 

Later, he became a book-keeper in the house of 
Wadsworth and Phelps, at a salary of fifty dollars 
per month, and in 1851 was associated in the firm, 
which then conducted a business of $100,000 per 
annum. Forecasting the future destiny of Chi- 
cago as the metropolis of the Northwest, he early 
advocated the erection of a large building especi- 
ally adapted for wholesale business, and not with- 
standing the decided disapproval of the senior 
members of the firm, his efforts resulted in the 
erection of a large wholesale house in 1856. 
Nine years later, he became the head of the firm, 

and, by his marked executive and financial ability, 
contributed no small amount to the success of 
that business which, nearly a quarter of a century 
ago, had already reached the enormous amount of 
$10,000,000 trade per annum. The fire of 1871 
kept the firm out of business for about two weeks, 
after which they occupied a temporary building, 
and commenced a permanent structure of five 
stories, ninety by one hundred and ninety feet, 
on the fifth of December, and occupied it in the 
following February. 

The following extract from the Chicago Tri- 
bune of October gth, 1875, four years after the fire, 
shows not only the financial success of the firm, 
but its character and the estimation in which it is 
held by the community: 

" An important incident of the early steps toward recon- 
struction evinced the confidence reposed in the business 
judgment of the firm of J. V. Farwell & Co. The advice 
and counsel ot the members of this house were then publicly 
sought and as publicly given. While the ruins of Chicago 
were still smoking, a meeting of merchants was called for 
mutual counsel. Mr. C. B. Farwell, then member of Con- 
gress (now senator), was called to the chair, and John V. 
Farwell, senior member of the firm, was the first gentleman 
requested to express his views of the situation and prospects. 
His firm had lost very heavily, and his opinions were held 
to have a most practical weight. 

" He responded at once, declaring the situation to be crit- 
ical, but not hopeless, and expressing it as his fervent opinion 
that everything depended upon the actions of the assembled 
representative merchants. Chicago, he tersely said, was a 
living, business fact. It had faced all varieties of opposition 
in the past from competitors, and had thrived under the treat- 
ment. He, for one, did not believe that the city could be- 
materially hindered in its destined greatness by the fire. He 
considered that all that was wanted was a firm integrity of 
purpose to meet all obligations as far as their means would 
possibly permit. These obligations must be met without 
flinching. They must only ask such time as they needed to 
gather up the ashes of their business, and must begin anew, 
not discouraged by what had happened, but more determined 
than ever to make Chicago the center ot the whole North- 
western trade. They could do so if they would, and could do 
it soon. These earnest sentiments were met with hearty 
applause. There was but one dissenter to the honorable, 
manly views, and he was a liquor dealer, who proceedi-d to 
advocate a universal and shameful repudiation, but was 
promptly hissed out of the meeting." 

During the War of the Rebellion, Mr. Farwell 
was marked for his philanthropy and devotion to 
the Union cause. He was active in raising the 
Board of Trade regiment, which was equipped by 
private contributions at an expense of $40,000. 
He was a constant friend of soldiers' families, and 
contributed liberally to the funds of the Sanitary 


and Christian Commissions. His special interest, 
however, centered in the Christian Commission, of 
which he was one of the executive committee, 
and to which he gave his time and money without 

The following clippings from papers published 
during the war exhibit his sentiments and spirit 
during the great struggle for the integrity of the 
Union. The first is a copy of a speech made 
when presenting colors to Capt. Charles W. Bar- 
ker, of the Chicago Dragoons, in behalf of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, of which he 
was president : 

" Captain Barker : I need not tell you that history informs 
us that in all ages of the world emblems of nationality have 
commanded the homage, the purse and heart's blood, if need 
be, of every true patriot, and in America, sir, every insult 
to the magna charta of our blood-bought rights brings to 
its rescue men who will peril their all to defend its honor. In 
every controversy, individual or national, there is a right 
and a wrong side, and ' thrice is he armed who hath his 
quarrel just.' 

"A heathen general once ordered his subordinates to num- 
ber his army before engaging a very much larger force in 
battle. The work being done, they reported a force of ten 
thousand men to go out against a force of forty thousand, 
and counseled a surrender. The general said they had made 
an egregious blunder in the numbering of his men. After 
asserting that they had numbered them correctly, said he, 
'How many did you put me down for?' 'Only one, sir.' 

"'Bad mistake, gentlemen; you will let me number them 
over again. Our cause is just. You may therefore put me 
down for 20,003 men, and for each one of my soldiers you 
may count four, making in all sixty thousand against forty 
thousand of the enemy, every man of whom is not over half a 
man, when fighting against the right. Now, will you fight 
them ? ' 

" 'Aye, sir, and whip them too,' and they were as good as 
their word. 

" On behalf of the Young Men's Christian Association, 
many of whose members are under your command, I pre- 
sent you this flag, the emblem of our dearly-bought liberties, 
expecting that you will trust in God while under its folds, 
and bs counted twenty thousand against its enemies, and 
every man of your command a host to follow your lead in 
placing it in the record of national glory, second to none that 
waves in the free air of heaven. 

" Your commander-in-chief , the President of these United 
States, on taking leave of his home in Springfield to assume 
the guardianship of our national flag, said : ' I have a greater 
task before me than that which engaged the soul of a Wash- 
ington, and without the assistance of a God of Nations, I can- 
not succeed ; with it I cannot fail.' 

' I believe, sir, that he will not fail, for I believe that the 
God of Washington is Lincoln's God, not for personal aggran- 
disement, but for our national weal and the world's redemp- 
tion from tyranny. And now, sir, while I hand you this 
stand of colors, permit me to propose this sentiment: 

' ' Down with the traitor's serpent flag! 

Death to the wretch o'er whom it waves ! 
And let our heaven-born banner float 
O'er freemen's homes and traitors' graves." " 

Mr. Farwell despised that class who, while liv- 
ing amongst the Northern people, were in sympa- 
thy with those who were trying to disintegrate 
the Union. The second extract which follows 
was from the editorial of the Chicago Tribune: 


" The immense wholesale dry goods house of Cooley, Far- 
well & Co. has kicked the Chicago Times into the street on 
account of its treason. The following note, addressed to the 
proprietors of the Times, explains the matter : 

42, 44, 46 WABASH AVE., CHICAGO, ILL., 

JANUARY i, 1863. 
' Messrs. Story & Warden: 

' GENTLEMEN. We wish to begin the new year patriot- 
ically, and know of no better way than to commence by ex- 
.cluding your paper from our counting-room. Your vile 
sympathies with treason are too apparent, and now that a 
public example has been made of the manner in which 
such papers should be treated among honest men, we wish 
to be among the endorsers of the movement. You will, 
therefore, send your bill and keep your paper, and oblige 
' Yours respectfully, 


" On the receipt of this note, instead of quietly discontinu- 
ing the paper as directed to do, the Tory organ prints the 
note and flies into a huge passion, foams at the mouth, and 
commands every Democrat to avoid their doors as he would 
the gates of hell. 

" Democratic merchants, we presume, suit themselves, and 
purchase their goods where they can buy to the best advan- 
tage. There are few Democratic merchants that endorse the 
treasonable course of the Times, or sympathize with its pur- 
pose to produce civil war in Illinois, by arraying the Demo- 
cratic party in armed hostility to the Federal Government. 
If there be any such merchants in the West, Cooley, Farwell 
& Co. can well afford to do without their custom. There are 
several hundred Republicans ardent Union men whom, we 
are sorry to say, still continue to take the infamous sheet, and 
contribute their $10 apiece for its support. Many of these per- 
sons complain of the weight of their taxes, but have nothing to 
say against paying a poll tax of $10 for the support of Jeff 
Davis' organ in their midst. If they want to take a Demo- 
cratic paper, there is the Post, which is bitterly partisan, 
which is as bitterly partisan as can be desired, but is yet 
loyal to the Federal flag." 

After the close of the war, Mr. Farwell was ap- 
pointed a member of the Board of Indian Com- 
missioners by President Grant, and the discharge 
of his duties in this office was characterized by 
the same devotion, zeal and benevolence that have 
marked his entire career. 

Mr. Farwell has never taken any active part in 
politics, except in 1864, when he allowed his name 
to be used as a presidential elector for Mr. Lincoln. 



At the age of fourteen years, Mr. Farwell 
united with the M. E. Church, but is now a ruling 
elder in the Presbyterian Church. Since first 
uniting with the church, he has been proverbial 
for his liberality, and has since been known, when 
on a salary, to devote half of his income to chari- 
table objects. He took a deep interest in the 
evangelical work of Mr. Dwight L. Moody, and 
ever assisted him in the worthy cause, both in 
Chicago and in England. 

In the establishment of the Young Men's 
Christian Association in 1857, Mr. Farwell was a 
prime mover, and to his constant zeal and earnest 
effort the prosperity of that institution is largely 
due. He has been connected with the Association 
as trustee, vice-president, and president for sev- 
eral years, participating actively in its labors, and 
contributing largely for current expenses. 

Mr. Farwell's acquaintance and co-operation 
with Mr. Moody in his work led to a firm friend- 
ship. When a large hall was erected for the 
Young Men's Christian Association, it was, upon 

its dedication, named " Farwell Hall," at the sug- 
gestion of Mr. Moody. 

Mr. Farwell's career has been remarkable; he 
has through his own exertions, business ability 
and integrity, advanced from the obscurity of 
poverty to the position of prominence which he 
now occupies amongst the leading merchants of 
the world. 

The building of the State House at Austin, 
Texas for a consideration of 3,000,000 acres of 
land in the famous Pan Handle of Texas two 
years in advance of contract time may be cited as 
one of the most remarkable building accomplish- 
ments of this century, when its size and character 
' are considered, and it shows the spirit of enter- 
prise which has characterized the Farvvells from 
their earliest connection with the business inter- 
ests of the West. This building is constructed of 
granite and iron ; is about 600 feet by 288, ex- 
treme front ; is in the form of a Greek cross, 
and has been pronounced by competent judges 
the finest of its kind on this continent. 



FEW real estate firms of Chicago are better 
known than that of Bogue and Company, 
of which the subject of this sketch is the senior 

The Bogue family are of Scotch descent, and 
the first of this family to arrive in America was 
John Bogue, who came from Glasgow, Scotland, 
and settled in the neighborhood now known as 
Hadlyme (better known in the old colonial days 
as East Haddom), Connecticut, in 1680. Our 
subject's father was born in Georgia, Vermont, in 
1800, and when comparatively young removed 
from Vermont to St. Lawrence county, New 
York. Our subject was born at Norfolk, St. 
Lawrence county, New York, on January 2 1st, 
1842, the son of Warren Steuben and Sally (Un- 
derwood) Bogue. 

In 1856, our subject determined to join his 
brothers, Hamilton B. and S. Curtiss, who had 
settled in Chicago several years prior to that 
time, and putting his purpose into action,, he 
arrived there on August 28th of that year. The 

following year he was employed in the freight 
office of the Merchants' Despatch, and continued 
there about two years, when, for the purpose of 
completing his education, he pursued a course of 
study at Cayuga Lake Academy, at Aurora, New 
York. In July, 1862, he returned to Chicago and 
resumed his former occupation, and two years 
later accepted a position in the land department 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company, and 
held it until 1867. Since that time he has devoted 
his time and attention more particularly to real 
estate matters, and in 1882 established the firm 
of Bogue and Hoyt, which was succeeded by 
Bogue and Co., in February, 1891, Capt. Hoyt 
having died February 12 of that year. 

Mr. Bogue became a resident of Hyde Park in 
1858, then one of Chicago's most thriving sub- 
urbs, and in 1864 was- elected its town clerk. He- 
held that position three years, and resigned it in 
1867, and two years later was elected town treas- 
urer, and held that office until 1872. In Novem- 
ber of that year, Hon. Chas. Hitchcock having 



estates. Aside from his business, Mr. King has 
taken an active interest in all public matters re- 
lating to the welfare of his city, and been closely 
identified with many public enterprises. From 
1871 to 1873 he was president of the Chicago Re- 
lief and Aid Society, which disbursed during that 
time the enormous sum of $5,000,000, mostly con- 
tributed for the relief of those who suffered in 
the great fire. The ability and fidelity displayed 
in the distribution of this magnificent and timely 
bounty attracted attention far and wide, and the 
Chicago society became the model for societies of 
a similar character in many parts of the world. 
Since 1873, Mr. King has served as treasurer of 
this society. He is also vice-president of the 
Chicago Nursery and Half-Orphan Asylum, and 
one of the directors of the Old People's Home. 

In his religious faith, Mr. King is a Presbyter- 
ian, and is a leading member of the Fourth Pres- 
byterian church, of Chicago, and chairman of the 
Board of Trustees of the McCormick Theological 
Seminary. He takes an active part in all the 
affairs of his church, and in charitable, benevo- 
lent and philanthropic enterprises generally, 
stands ever ready to contribute generously of 
his time, energy and money. 

In political sentiment he is a Republican. 
Though in no sense a politician, and invariably 
declining the honors of official positions, he takes 
an earnest and active part in the proper conduct 

of public affairs, and in casting his ballot often 
votes for a candidate who differs from himself in 
political faith, if he believes him better qualified 
for the office sought than the candidate of his 
own party, his belief being that men and principle 
are higher and should carry more weight in de- 
ciding one's course in such matters than loyalty 
to party. 

Mr. King was married, in 1858, to Miss Aurelia 
Case, a daughter of Mr. John R. Case, one of 
Chicago's early citizens, now deceased. They 
have one son and two daughters, viz.: Francis, 
now associated with his father in business; Eliza- 
beth, the wife of Mr. Cyrus Bentley, an attorney- 
at-law, of Chicago, and Christine, the wife of Mr. 
S. H. Pomeroy, of Pittsfield, Mass. 

In closing this sketch it is but just and fitting 
to say that Mr. King has achieved his remarkable 
success by patiently and persistently following a 
fixed purpose in the line of his business, never 
entering on the alluring field of speculation. 
Conservative in his ideas, he has yet kept pace 
with the progress of events, and, wherever known, 
has been recognized as a man of unusual energy, 
clear foresight and unwavering business fidelity. 
He is a man of fine personal qualities, kind- 
hearted, genial and companionable, and enjoys 
the high regard and esteem of many warm 
personal friends, and the confidence of all who 
know him. 



WASHINGTON HESING, managing edi- 
tor of the Illinois Staats Zeitung, may 
be ranked among the younger class of Chicago's 
successful business men. He is a son of Anthony 
C. and Louisa (Lamping) Hesing, and was born 
at Cincinnati, Ohio, on May 14, 1849. During 
his youth he was constantly at school until 1861, 
when he visited Europe. Upon his return in the 
following winter, he entered University St. Mary's 
of the Lake, where he continued until July, 1863. 
He then studied at the University of Chicago one 
year, after which he was prepared by Dr. 
Quackenboss for admission to Yale College, which 
institution he entered in 1866, and from which he 

was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts in 1870. Immediately upon leaving college 
he went to Europe and attended lectures in 
Berlin and Heidelberg universities, devoting him- 
self to the study of political economy, inter- 
national law, the science of government, history 
and German literature. 

Summoned by the great fire of October 8 and 
9, 1871, he returned home, and on November 21 
following entered upon his active journalistic 
career in connection with the Illinois Staats 
Zeitung. In April, 1880, his father and himself 
securing a controlling interest in that journal, he 
at that time became managing editor. From 



his advent into journalism, Mr. Hesing has taken 
an active interest in political matters, and, when 
but twenty-three years old, distinguished himself 
by a series of eloquent speeches, in both the 
English and German languages, in which he 
strongly advocated the election of General 
Ulysses S. Grant to the presidency. 

Mr. Hesing's unusual ability was early recog- 
nized, and at the age of twenty-two he was 
appointed a member of the Board of Education. 
At the expiration of his term of office, Mayor 
Joseph Medill tendered him a re-appointment, 
but he declined the honor. 

While a member of the Board of Education, 
Mr. Hesing, as a member of the Committee on 

German, made a report in which he advocated the 
system of grading the German studies as the 
English were graded. This report was adopted by 
the Board, and the proposed system has since 
that time been in practice. 

In August, 1880, Mr. Hesing was elected a 
member of the County Board of Education. He 
is a member of the Roman Catholic Church, and 
in 1873 was elected president of the Union 
Catholic Library Association of Chicago, an 
organization whose membership comprises all the 
leading Catholics of the city. 

Mr. Hesing is a married man, his wife being 
formerly Miss Henrietta C. Weir, of Boston, 



THE life and work of him whose name heads 
this biography is inseparably associated 
with many of the public enterprises that have 
made his native city a metropolis, known alike for 
her unparalleled business activity and as the home 
of higher education and art. He was born in 
Chicago in 1848, the son of Philip F. W. Peck and 
Mary Kent (Wythe) Peck, and is the youngest of 
a family of seven sons, three of whom are living 
and rank among Chicago's enterprising and public- 
spirited citizens. The father died in 1871. The 
mother is still living and resides in Chicago. At 
the time of our subject's birth, his father's resi- 
dence and garden covered the present site of the 
Grand Pacific Hotel. Growing up with the growth 
of the city, his life reaching back nearly to her 
beginning, he early imbibed her spirit, and, loyal 
to her welfare and interests, has devoted himself 
with commendable zeal to the development of her 
highest and best resources. He was educated in 
Chicago, graduating first from the High School. 
He afterwards graduated from the literary depart- 
ment of the Old University of Chicago, and later 
pursued a course of study in the Union College of 
Law, being then still in his minority, when he re- 
ceived his diploma and was admitted to the bar 
when just twenty-one years of age. Athough he 
has never entered actively into the practice of 
law as a profession, Mr. Peck has found in the con- 

trol of vast business interests practical applica- 
tion for his legal learning that has been inval- 
uable to him. 

Besides his private affairs, he with his brothers 
has managed the Peck estate, one of the largest 
and best controlled estates in Chicago. Mr. Peck 
has always been a man of intense activity, known 
for his unusual executive ability, and has taken a 
just pride in using his talents and influence to 
further public and private enterprises which would 
reflect honor upon his native city. At the present 
time (1891), he is president of the Chicago Athen- 
aeum, president of the Chicago Auditorium Asso- 
ciation, president of the Chicago Opera Festival 
Association, president of the Chicago High 
School Alumni Association. He served four years 
as a member and was vice-president of the Board 
of Education, having been twice appointed by the 
mayor of Chicago. He is also chairman of the 
Finance Committee of the \Vorld's Columbian 
Exposition ; vice-president of the Union League 
Club; first vice-president of the Illinois Humane 
Society, and one of the trustees of the new 
Chicago University. 

While taking a just pride in all of these and 
other organizations, the Auditorium may rightly 
be called his crowning work. This vast enterprise 
had its inception at the time of the celebrated 
Opera Festival in April, 1885, in which Mr. Peck 





was a prime mover, and the success of which not 
only strengthened public sentiment and developed 
public taste for popular entertainments of that 
character, but also revealed the necessity of a 
great music hall, where great musical productions 
could be properly presented. The idea originating 
in the fertile brain of Mr. Peck gave him no rest 
until the grandly magnificent structure known as 
the Auditorium was wrought to completion and 
dedicated to its noble purpose, the building 
alone costing $3,500,000. While it is true that 
in the carrying out of his purpose he had the 
financial and moral co-operation of many other of 
Chicago's public-spirited men, yet to him must be 
attributed the chief honor. The idea of the pro- 
moter of this great undertaking was to popularize 
music, of which he is an ardent lover, and give to 
the people the benefit of its elevating and refining 
influence. He thoroughly believes in music as a 

refiner of the masses and an educator of public 
taste. He finds his highest enjoyment in devot- 
ing his abilities, money and influence to those 
objects and causes intended to better his fellows. 
His taste is simple and unpretentious, and he has 
done much to encourage a severe and stable type 
of architecture. 

In personal appearance, Mr. Peck is tall, with 
clean, clear-cut features, a dark complexion, black 
hair and a black moustache, and ordinarily bears 
himself with an air of studious thoughtfulness. 
He is a man of pleasing address, courteous and 
kind, and withal has an abundance of genial good 

He was married in 1870 to Miss Tilla Spalding, 
a daughter of W. A. Spalding, of Chicago, and a 
woman esteemed and loved for her many womanly 
virtues. They have an interesting family of four 
sons and two daughters. 



THE subject of this biography, a native of 
Brussells, Belgium, was born in 1848, and is 
one of a family of nine children. He is the son 
of Joseph F. and Adele Henrotin, ne'e Kinson,- 
both of whom were Belgians. The father was a 
prominent and successful physician. He immi- 
grated to the United States with his family in 
1848, and settled in Chicago, where he was known 
as a " French doctor." He was a familiar figure 
and rendered most valuable service during the 
cholera epidemic, and continued in practice until 
his death in 1875. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject lived 
to the advanced age of ninety-six years, and for 
seventy-five years was a practicing physician. 
Henry Henrotin, the eldest brother of our sub- 
ject, belonged to Taylor's Battery, and was killed 
at the siege of Vicksburg during the War of the 
Rebellion. Charles Henrotin, another brother, is 
one of the leading and successful men of Chicago. 
He is Belgian consul, also Turkish consul, and is 
one of three men in Chicago who have been hon- 
ored with decorations from foreign sovereigns in 
recognition of valuable reports. He was the 
founder and first president of the Chicago Stock 

Exchange, and is its president at the present time 
(1890). A third brother, Victor Henrotin, is a 
coffee merchant at Havre, France. Adolph Hen- 
rotin, the fourth brother, resides in Chicago, as do 
also the four sisters, three of whom are married. 
His father having settled in Chicago the same 
year our subject was born, Fernand has grown up 
with the city and is, in every sense, a Chicago 
man. He was educated in the common and high 
schools of Chicago, and having decided to enter 
the medical profession, pursued a thorough course 
of study in Rush Medical College, graduating in 
February, 1869, being then twenty-one years of 
age. He at once established himself in his pro- 
fession, and for twenty-one years has been con- 
tinuously in practice, without a vacation. From 
the commencement of his practice, Dr. Henrotin 
has been known as a man of clear-cut ideas touch- 
ing all matters pertaining to his profession, skill- 
ful, energetic and conscientious. He soon came 
into prominence, and in 1872 and '73 held the 
office of County Physician, which was but the be- 
ginning of a series of public professional positions 
he has held and filled with eminent success in con- 
nection with his constantly growing practice. He 



was for some eight years on the staff of attending 
physicians at the Cook County Hospital, for five 
years surgeon of the Alexian Brothers' Hospital, 
surgeon of the Chicago Police Department for 
fourteen years, and at the present time is surgeon 
of the Chicago Fire Department. Dr. Henrotin is 
professor of diseases of women in the Chicago 
Polyclinic, and has been for three or four years, 
and is a member of the Chicago Medical Society. 
He is a member of the Union Club, but owing to 
the urgent demands of his extensive practice, 
which ranks among the largest as well as the most 
lucrative of any physician in Chicago, he finds 
little time for club life or social enjoyment outside 
of his own family. 

In political sentiment. Dr. Henrotin, though 
Democratic, is non-partisan and, in casting his 
ballot, votes in favor of what he believes to be. 
right principles, and the men whom he believes 
will support them, regardless of party affiliations. 

Dr. Henrotin was married in the spring of 1873 
to Miss Emily B. Trussing, a daughter of Mr. 
Charles G. Prussing, one of the early settlers of 
Chicago. Mrs. Henrotin is a woman of artistic 
tastes, and is known among her acquaintances as 
an amateur painter of extraordinary ability. She 
is a woman of many personal charms, hospi- 
table to her friends, and devoted to her hus- 
band and home, and in nothing takes greater 
delight than in making it beautiful and full of 
good cheer. 

Personally, Dr. Henrotin is a man of most 
estimable qualities. Added to his fine physical 
proportions and rugged constitution, are quali- 
ties of heart and mind of a high order. Warm- 
hearted, generous to a fault, high-minded, con- 
scientious and genial, he is the center of a large 
circle of close friends and acquaintances who 
honor and esteem him for his many manly virtues 
and genuine worth. 



JOHN B. SHERMAN was born in January, 
1825, in the town of Beekman, Dutchess 
county, New York ; was brought up on a farm, 
and received a common-school education. He 
left the farm and commenced clerking in a coun- 
try store at the age of nineteen, for fifty dollars 
per year, and continued clerking some two or 
three years. He was married at the age of twen- 
ty-three. In 1849, he started for California, pas- 
sing through Old Mexico, and at Vera Cruz 
boarded a sailing vessel and arrived at San Fran- 
cisco in May of that year. He engaged in min- 
ing near Georgetown, not far from what was 
called Sutler's Mills. He succeeded in saving a 
few thousand dollars from mining operations 
and returned to Dutchess county, New York, in 
1850. In the fall of 1850, he removed to Illinois, 
locating on Fox river, Kendall county, where 
he purchased a farm. Later he removed to 
Chicago, and with a Mr. Black, under the firm 
name of Black & Sherman, engaged in the com- 
mission business and was located on Kinzie 
street. In December, of 1855, he succeeded in 
renting the old Bull's Head Stock Yards, then 

located on West Madison street, where the Wash- 
ingtonian Home now stands. In the spring of 
1856, in company with Mr. D. K. Belding, he 
leased the Myrick Yards, located at Thirty-ninth 
street on Cottage Grove avenue, and after his 
lease expired at the Bull's Head Yards he re- 
moved thither, and soon after bought the interest 
of his partner and admitted his brother, I. N. 
W. Sherman, to the business, and so continued 
until the expiration of the lease in the fall 
of 1865. At that time there were four different 
stock yard markets in Chicago : The Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern, located at Twenty-second 
street ; the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy yards, 
located on the west side of the city ; the Loomis 
Yards at Thirty-first street and Cottage Grove 
avenue, and the Myric Yards at Thirty-ninth 
street and Cottage Grove avenue. In the early 
part of 1865, Mr. Sherman, with others, with a 
view of improving the stock market of Chicago, 
conceived the plan of concentrating all the live- 
stock markets at one point, a movement which 
soon afterwards resulted in the organization of 
the great Union Stock Yard and Transit Company, 





resigned his office as a member of the Board of 
County Commissioners of Cook county, Mr. 
Bogue was elected to fill the vacancy, and during 
his term of office (which expired in December, 
1874) served as chairman of the finance commit- 
tee and as a member of the building committee, 
the importance of which latter office, especially, 
may be estimated when it is stated that it was 
during this period that the criminal court and 
county jail building and county hospital were 
being erected, and large additions were being 
made to the insane asylum. 

In 1874, he was elected a member of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Illinois from the second senato- 
rial district, and filled the honorable position in a 
manner creditable alike to himself and his constit- 
uents. He was one of the Chicago delegates to 
the Republican National Convention, held at 
Cincinnati, in June, 1876. In February of the 
following year, he was appointed by Governor 
Cullom a member of the Railroad and Warehouse 
Commission of Illinois, and filled that position 
until March, 1883, when he resigned, having, in 
the previous January, been unanimously elected 
Arbitrator of the Western Railway pools, com- 
prising the Colorado Traffic Association, the 
Northwestern Traffic Association," the Central 
Iowa Traffic Association, and the Southwestern 
Traffic Association, embracing, in all, some eleven 
railroads. He held this difficult position four 
years, displaying in his awards, which frequently 
involved large sums of money, conspicuous ability 
and rare judgment. He resigned this office in 

1887, his real estate demanding his personal at- 
'tention, and in 1889 was elected president of the 
Chicago Real Estate Board, and later, was chair- 
man of the committee on valuations, and is at 
present chairman of the committee on public 

Although Mr. Bogue is a busy man, he is 
public spirited and benevolent, and a practical 
sympathizer with much of the benevolent and 
charitable work of Chicago. He has been a 
member of the board of managers of the Pres- 
byterian Hospital, of Chicago, since its establish- 
ment, in 1883, and for four years has been 
president of that board. The Home for Incura- 
bles, also, has benefited by his sympathy and 
counsel ; for many years he was a member of 
its board of managers and served on its execu- 
tive committee. He is now, 1892, one of the 
directors of the Lake Forest University, a mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the Presbyter- 
ian League, of Chicago, and president of the 
board of trustees of the Hyde Park Presbyterian 
Church, of which board he has been a member 
since its organization in 1864. 

Mr. Bogue was married, January 26th, 1871, at 
Hyde Park, to Miss Catharine M. Van Doren, 
daughter of A. B. Van Doren, Esq. This union 
has been blessed with six children, of whom 
Franklin Ackerman, Ruth Van Doren and George 
Marquis are living. Mr. Bogue is a man of strict- 
est integrity, energetic and enterprising, and 
occupies an honorable place among Chicago's 
leading business men. 



born January 28, 1841, at Newark, New 
Jersey, and is the son of John P. and Elizabeth 
(Wolcott) Jackson. His father was a prominent 
lawyer of New Jersey, and died December 10, 
1861. The Jackson family are of Scotch-Irish 
descent, the. first of the family to arrive in America 
being James Jackson, who settled on the banks of 
the Hudson; while by marriage the family be- 
came connected with the Brinckerhoffs, Schuylers 
and Van Der Lindes. The mother of Mrs. Jack- 

son, our subject's mother, was a Huntington, a 
member of the Connecticut family of that name, 
distinguished in the Revolution. Her great-grand- 
father, grand-father and four uncles on the mater- 
nal side were officers of high rank in the army. 
The great-grandfather of Mrs. Jackson on the 
paternal side was the first governor of Connecticut. 
Her grandfather was Oliver Wolcott, Sr., one of 
the signers of the Declaration of Independence ; 
her uncle, Oliver Wolcott, Jr., was Secretary of 
the Treasury under General Washington, and her 



father, Frederick H. Wolcott, occupied judicial 
positions in Connecticut for many years. 

Receiving his early education at Phillip's 
Academy, Andover, Mass., in 1859 Mr. Jackson 
entered Princeton College, and at the close of his 
junior year entered the army and served through 
various grades. He was appointed aide-de-camp 
upon the staff of Maj.-Genl. John Newton, com- 
manding the First Army Corps and other com- 
mands, and was engaged in the battles of Fred- 
ericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and other 
engagements of the Army of the Potomac. He 
was also with the Army of the Cumberland in 
Gen. Sherman's campaign from Chattanooga to 
Atlanta, and, though wounded in the arm at 
Kenesaw Mountain, was present at the fall of 
Atlanta. Upon leaving the army, he was, in 1865, 
brevetted lieutenant-colonel for gallant and meri- 
torious conduct in the field. In " Foster's New 
Jersey and the Rebellion," issued in 1868, the 
author says, page 761 : " In the Chancellorsville 
campaign he was commended by General Sedg- 
wick for special gallantry in volunteering to rally 
an assaulting column at Mary's Heights, Fred- 
ericksburg (May 3, 1863). The column had broken 
and the men were falling back, but Lieutenant 
Jackson, having obtained permission and exposing 
himself to a fire that killed and wounded one 
hundred and sixty men out of four hundred in the 
leading regiment, rallied the column and passed 
with it into the enemy's works !" 

Returning to civil life, he entered the Harvard 
Law School, Cambridge, Mass., and spent the fol- 
lowing year at that institution, when he went 
abroad, remaining a year in Europe. Upon his 

return home, he resumed his legal studies in the 
office of his brother, the late John P. Jackson, Jr., 
of Newark, N. J. In the fall of 1867, Mr. Jackson 
came to Chicago and entered the office of Messrs. 
Waite and Clarke, where he completed his studies, 
being admitted to the bar in the spring of 1868, 
and on July 1st of that year formed a partnership 
with Mr. David B. Lyman, which still continues. 

A Republican in politics, he was elected super- 
visor of South Chicago in 1878, and continued the 
reforms instituted by his predecessors, Robert T. 
Lincoln and Edward G. Mason. 

Appointed by the Hon. John J. Knox, Comp- 
troller of the Currency, as receiver and attorney 
of the Third National Bank of Chicago, his 
management of the affairs of that institution 
has received high commendation. 

Mr. Jackson has been offered several political 
positions, but has declined them, preferring to 
continue in the practice of his profession. He 
was at one time a director of the Chicago Aid 
and Relief Society, but was obliged to resign on 
account of other duties. He has been president 
of the Chicago Bar Association. The late John 
Crerar appointed him one of the executors and 
trustees of his estate, as well as a director of the 
Free Public Library founded by him. He is a 
trustee of the Second Presbyterian Church, and 
is a member of the Chicago, Calumet and Literary 
Clubs ; also of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion and of the George H. Thomas Post of the 
Grand Army. 

As an attorney, he is discriminating and earnest, 
and his professional career has been successful and 



TO a student of human nature there is -noth- 
ing more interesting than to examine into 
the life-history of a self-made man, and analyze 
those principles that have made him pass many on 
the highway of life, and reach a position of promi- 
nence in the community. 

Among the prominent citizens of Chicago who 
owe their eminent position to their own exertions, 
Solva Brintnall is an example whom the rising 

generation would do well to emulate. He was 
born during the early days of the nineteenth cen- 
tury (on October 24, 1817), in Schoharie county, 
New York, where his parents, Solva Brintnall, a 
soldier in the war of 1812, and Betsy (Stannard) 
Brintnall, had established their residence. 

Our subject can trace his paternal ancestry back 
to the seventeenth century, when his great-grand- 
father left England and came to America. His 



grandfather, Isaac Brintnall, was born on August 
31, 1752, and died January 27, 1822, in Water- 
town, New York. His maternal grandfather, 
Abiah Stannard, was born March 15, 1758, and 
died in Green county, New York, July 13, 1836. 
His father was born December i, 1773, and his 
mother December 5, 1774. They passed sixty- 
two years in happy wedlock, and they died 
within three months of each other, on March 8, 
1867, and June i, 1867. The family on both 
sides is remarkable for its longevity. Both fami- 
lies were prominently connected with the Revolu- 
tionary War. 

Solva Brintnall received his education, with the 
exception of one winter's schooling, in Water- 
town, New York, from that great and practical 
tutor, " Experience." He has always been a 
great observer, and although having received but 
a meagre amount of education at school, he is 
to-day a practical and well-educated man. His 
youth and earlier manhood days, up to his nine- 
teenth year, were spent in assisting his father on 
his farm in Lewis county, New York, where the 
Brintnall family had located when our subject was 
a lad of five. They were among the pioneers in 
that section of the then West, and the body of 
land on which they settled was entirely covered 
by forest. They cleared the land and in the sec- 
ond year raised a good crop of wheat. The fam- 
ily for the first ten or fifteen years of their resi- 
dence in that locality were deprived of churches 
and schools. 

His first business venture was in 1836, when he 
began his career as railroad builder on the New 
York Central Railroad. Two years later found 
him at the same kind of work on the New York 
and Erie Railroad. He also assisted in building 
the great canal system, of New York State, and 
besides doing work on the Black River Canal, as- 
sisted in improving the Erie Canal, and in 1839 
and 1840 accomplished some heavy work on that 
canal at Jordan, New York. In 1841 he returned 
to railroad construction, and assisted in the build- 
ing of a road from Auburn to Canandaigua. His 
business then called him to the West, and the ex- 
tension of the Miami Canal, and operations in 
canal construction from Cincinnati to Ft. Wayne, 
occupied the time from 1843 to 1846. In the lat- 
ter year he began his career as a merchant, and 
entered into the hardware business at Batavia, 

New York, afterwards removing to Attica ; in 
1854 he removed to Suspension Bridge, continu- 
ing in the same business. His residence in these 
places covered a period of eighteen years. While 
a resident of Suspension Bridge, the great bridge 
from which this city takes its name was being 
constructed. He was acquainted with Mr. Roeb- 
ling, who had charge of the work, and he took a 
deep interest in its completion, which at that time 
was the greatest feat in bridge building ever at- 

Perceiving a great future for the City of Chi- 
cago, and deeming it a place that offered excep- 
tional opportunities for business, as well as educa- 
tional advantages, he removed here in 1863, and 
continued in the general hardware and stove busi- 
ness. After three years he entered into partner- 
ship with Messrs. Terry and Belden, and began a 
wholesale hardware business, under the style of 
Brintnall, Terry & Belden. In 1876 Mr. Lamb 
purchased Mr. Terry's interest, and the firm be- 
came known as Brintnall, Lamb & Co., under 
which style it continued until 1883, when the en- 
tire business was disposed of to Messrs. Keith, 
Benham and Desendorf. For thirty-seven years 
Mr. Brintnall was connected with the hardware 
trade, and he always conducted his affairs in a 
manner to leave an unblemished record as an 
honorable business man. In 1883 he organized 
the Drovers' National Bank, located at the Stock 
Yards, the heart of Chicago's greatest business 
enterprise. He became president of that institu- 
tion upon its organization, and he has continued 
in this responsible position ever since. 

In 1846 he was married to Miss Hurd, a daugh- 
ter of Thomas Hurd, of Alexander, New York. 
They had a family of three children: W. H. 
Brintnall, now connected with the financial insti- 
tution of which his father is president ; Mrs. M. 
F. Perry, of this city, and George S. Brintnall, of 
McPherson, Kansas, who died in 1886. Mrs. 
Brintnall died October, 1875, ar >d in 1878 he mar- 
ried Leonice, daughter of the late O. F. Wood- 
ford, who was for many years prominently con- 
nected with the water-works system of this city. 

Mr. Brintnall is a devout Christian, and is an 
active worker in the cause of religion. He joined 
the Presbyterian Church in 1852, and is at present 
an active and honored member of the First Pres- 
byterian Church of this city. He takes a great 



interest in assisting all religious efforts, and has 
been for some time a great friend of the Presby- 
terian Hospital and the Railroad Chapel. 

Since the birth of the Republican party, he has 
been an ardent supporter of its principles. He 
has ever believed that the Republican principles 
were those that had the best interests of the peo- 
ple at heart. He is a strong admirer of President 
Harrison, and a firm believer in those principles 
of Republicanism that were advocated by Lin- 
coln, Grant, Garfield, Harrison and Elaine. 

Such is the biography of a man whose life has 
been both active and honorable. He has achieved 
the high position he now occupies entirely through 
his own exertions. What he has achieved he 
owes to his ambitious nature, his high sense of 

honor and to his sobriety and industry ; he has 
never been addicted to the use of liquors or to- 

In personal appearance, he impresses one as be- 
ing both benignant and kindly. Although having 
passed more than three score and ten years on 
this earth, Father Time has dealt lightly with 
him, and he looks like a hale and hearty gentle- 
man of less than three score. 

In conclusion it may be truly said, that with a 
character above reproach and an honorable record 
at the head of a large financial institution, and 
with an ample fortune, there is no one more 
worthy of a prominent place among the body of 
men who appear in this work than is Solva Brint- 



THOMAS DENT was born in Putnam 
county, Illinois, November 14, 1831, and 
is a son of George and Comfort (Ijams) Dent. 

His father, a native of Monongalia county, 
Virginia (now West Virginia), was from an early 
age reared on a farm in Ohio. 

The parents removed from Muskingum county, 
Ohio, and settled in Putnam county, Illinois, at 
an early day. The father was for many years 
in official position, holding various public offices, 
such as Clerk of the County Commissioners, 
Circuit and County Courts, Master in Chan- 
cery, County Judge, and member of the State 

Thomas acquired the basis of his education in 
the common schools near his home, and while 
living for a time in Ohio. But following the 
natural disposition of his mind, he has, by virtue 
of continued and careful reading and study, 
acquired a degree of literary culture and disci- 
pline which would only have been more surely 
the outcome of a liberal education. 

From the age of twelve years, he was an 
occasional assistant in the public offices of the 
county in which the family resided, and during 
the following three years was in employments 
requiring aptitude in penmanship and accounts. 
He thus early acquired a taste for legal business, 

which led to legal study at various leisure inter- 
vals. At fifteen years of age, he became a regular 
assistant of his father in the public business of 
the county, and during the ensuing eight years 
was much occupied in making up court and other 
records in Putnam and adjoining counties, and 
also pursued a course of legal study. On his 
admission to the bar in 1854, he began the 
practice of law at Hennepin, Illinois. Under 
appointment of the County Court, he made up 
tract and sectional indices for the land records of 
Putnam county. 

In 1856, Mr. -Dent removed to Chicago, where 
his first association in practice was with Mr. M. 
R. M. Wallace, prominently identified with 
military service in the late civil war, and also with 
service in civil affairs, as County Judge of Cook- 
county, and in other stations. 

In 1857, Mr. Dent removed his office for a 
time to Peoria, Illinois, but continuing to have 
professional engagements in Chicago, he re- 
sumed his residence there in 1858. In 1860, he 
became associated with the late Judge A. W. 
Arrington. This association continued until the 
death of the senior partner, December 31, 1867. 
Soon after this, the firm of Dent and Black was 
formed, and continued for eighteen years. 

The practice of Mr. Dent has been of a general 




and diversified character, but chiefly in common 
law and chancery causes, a number of which are 
to be found in the reports in Illinois and other 
States, as also in the reports of the Supreme 
Court of the United States. In various instances 
he has met in argument lawyers of great emi- 
nence and distinction in different States of the 
Union. On different occasions he has represented 
a number of corporations, among which are 
included banks, insurance companies, railroad 
companies and the Chicago Board of Trade ; but 
especially in real estate and commercial causes 
his services have been given to the general 
public, in whose interests he has on some notable 
occasions been selected for the giving of import- 
ant opinions. 

In personal appearance, Mr. Dent is of me- 
dium height and slender, without robustness 
of figure. His manner is quiet and gentle, yet, 
withal, he is firm, with a firmness that comes 

from honesty of purpose and depth of con- 
viction. Possessing these characteristics, with a 
mind of marked vigor, self-poised in an unusual 
degree, because highly disciplined, and marked in 
all his enterprises by unusual steadfastness of 
purpose and wonderful patience, it is but natural 
that he should have won for himself a most 
enviable reputation as a lawyer at once strong, 
scrupulously honest, and in a high degree suc- 
cessful. In presenting his cases, whether to jury 
or court, he works earnestly, bringing to bear all 
his power and a very extensive legal learning. 
His memory, naturally tenacious, has, under 
careful and constant discipline, become indeed 
" wax to receive and marble to retain." 

He has collected valuable libraries for his home 
and office, and has from early years delivered 
occasional addresses on political and social sub- 
jects, and possesses great aptitude for such 



WITH much pleasure we present this bio- 
graphical sketch of Charles Henry Schwab, 
who for thirty-five years has been actively identi- 
fied with the remarkable growth and upbuilding of 
Chicago. Coming to this city at the age of eigh- 
teen years, without friends or capital, he is an 
illustrious prototype of the self-made man, whose 
indomitable will and industry have rewarded him 
with an honorable position among the foremost 
business men of Chicago. 

One by one he has forced aside the barriers that 
obstruct the way to success, until to-day he stands 
within the charmed circle, rich in honor and 
wealth, the devoted son of a mighty city. 

A native of Mulhouse, France, he was born in 
1835, long before Alsace-Lorraine became dis- 
puted territory. His father, Moise Schwab, a 
prominent manufacturer of Mulhouse, died in 1850, 
and Charles, then a lad of fifteen years, closed his 
school career and obtained a position as book- 
keeper in a wholesale dry goods house of his na- 
tive city. 

Remaining three years with this firm, and 
having acquired fluency in the German, French 

and English languages, he traveled extensively 
throughout France for three months, but at- 
tracted by the wonderful accounts of the New 
World across the water, he embarked for this 
country in 1854, landing at New York. He spent 
a short time there, but, with that sound judgment 
and apt perception for which he has since become 
noted, he decided to build the foundation of his 
business career in the West, where the works of 
skillful hands and intelligent minds have amazed 
the world. 

Taking the steamboat at New York, he touched 
at New Orleans, sailed up the rivers to Cincinnati 
and Cleveland, Ohio, finally landing in the spring 
of 1855 at Chicago, then a city of 60,000 inhabi- 
tants. Discerning that Chicago, at no very dis- 
tant day, must become a great commercial center, 
and the natural store-house for the North and 
West, he. began business with J. B. Smith, a cousin, 
as a wholesale liquor merchant on South Water 

In 1868, on the retirement of Mr. Smith, the 
business was continued under the name of 
Schwab, McQuaid & Co. until 1876, whec Mr. 



Schwab disposed of his entire interests in the busi- 
ness. In January, 1878, the well-known firm of 
Selz, Schwab & Co., wholesale boots and shoes, 
was established, and after thirteen years of unin- 
terrupted and remarkable success, is deservedly 
entitled to the honorable position it holds among 
the leading business institutions of Chicago. 

The election of Mr. Schwab as a director of the 
World's Columbian Exposition is a fitting testi- 
monial to the enterprise, intelligence and devotion 
which this gentleman has ever displayed in ad- 
vancing the material interests and future welfare 
of Chicago. 

In 1863 he rendered valuable assistance in or- 
ganizing a regiment of Chicago volunteers, of 
which General Solomon was captain. 

As a citizen, Mr. Schwab has always responded 
generously with financial and personal aid in 
every enterprise tending to the material welfare of 
his adopted city, and he may justly feel that he 
has been no small factor in placing Chicago in her 
present proud position. As a factor in the finan- 
cial world, Mr. Schwab is regarded as a sound, 
able and conservative financier, whose wide expe- 
rience and large business interests eminently befit 
him as a director of the Corn Exchange Bank. 

In politics, he is a Democrat, but his integrity 
of principle and genial social qualities have 

brought him the respect of all parties. During a 
portion of the years 1886 and 1887, he discharged 
with general satisfaction the duties of comptroller 
of this city, and was nominated on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for State Elector at Large, but was 
denied the pleasure of casting his vote for Mr. 

Mr. Schwab is characterized by that same gen- 
erous liberality in religious opinions that has 
made him so popular in other walks of life. A 
prominent member of the Jewish Reformed 
Church, and president of the Jewish Training 
School, his benevolence and charity are not con- 
fined to nationality or sect. 

He has always taken a great interest in the 
public schools of Chicago, and for a number of 
years past has given three medals to the pupils of 
the Haven School, two being for scholarship and 
one for deportment. 

In 1862, Mr. Schwab married Rachel, daughter 
of Isaac Monheimer, a prominent merchant of 
Cincinnati. This union was sanctified by five 
children, three sons and two daughters. The 
elder daughter is the wife of Henry G. Foreman, 
the well-known banker. Mrs. Schwab is an ac- 
complished lady of fine mental attainments, and 
with her husband is held in high esteem by a wide 
circle of congenial friends. 



SIDNEY ALBERT KENT was born in Suf- 
field, Connecticut, in 1834. He is the son of 
Albert and Lucinda Kent, and is of English de- 
scent on his father's side, his ancestors having 
come to America during the seventeenth century. 
His early education was acquired in the Suffield 
common schools. Coming to Chicago in 1854, he 
obtained a situation as clerk in a dry goods store, 
where he remained two years. When twenty-two 
years of age, he entered the commission business, 
but in 1859 he established himself in a modest 
way in the packing business, in which he has 
continued to the present time. 

Mr. Kent has been vice-president and president 
cf the Corn Exchange Bank. He was also a 
director of the Board of Trade, but resigned that 

position. The Chicago Union League, Calumet 
and Washington Park Clubs claim him as a 

Mr. Kent's travels include three trips to Eu- 
rope, and he has traversed every State and Terri- 
tory in the Union, including Alaska. 

In 1865 he was married to Miss Stella A. Lin- 
coln, of Newark Valley, New York State. Two 
daughters have been born to them. 

Real estate has been the source of much of Mr. 
Kent's wealth, and he has large interests in the 
grain and packing business, in the Corn Exchange 
Bank, in gas and lumber companies, etc. 

The numerous charitable institutions in Chi- 
cago can testify to his generosity. There are few 
men in the West who have been more successful 



than Mr. Kent. Beneath his reticent, quiet de- 
meanor lies great persistency and indomitable 
energy. Slow to make friends, he has never been 
heedless of the demands of friendship. The love 
of home is one of the distinguishing characteris- 
tics of many eminent men, and Mr. Kent is no 

exception to the rule. It would indeed be diffi- 
cult to find a home more delightful than his, 
which is rendered doubly attractive by the pres- 
ence of his accomplished daughters. In his home 
life his love of quiet, retirement and domesticity 
is fully gratified. 



son of Daniel B. Tuthill, a native of Ben- 
nington county, Vermont, and Sally (Strong) 
Tuthill, a native of Vergennes, Vermont, was 
born at Vergennes, in "Tuthill's Prairie," Jackson 
county, Illinois, November loth, 1841. His an- 
cestors, in both branches of his family, were 
among the earliest settlers in New England, hav- 
ing emigrated to the new world with the Puritans 
prior to the year 1640. Daniel B. Tuthill, his 
father, a classical scholar of high attainments, 
entered Middlebury (Vt.) College, but owing to 
ill health he reluctantly left college before gradu- 
ating. The Strongs his mother's family were 
from the first, and have ever been, warm friends 
and supporters of Middlebury College, an uncle 
of Mrs. Tuthill, Hon. Seth Storrs, having donated 
its beautiful site and spacious grounds nearly one 
hundred years ago. 

Richard S. began his preparatory collegiate 
studies at the St. Louis High School ; continued 
them under a private tutor, and completed them 
at the Illinois College, at Jacksonville. He en- 
tered the freshman class of Middlebury College 
in September, 1859, and graduated with high 
honors in the class of 1863. 

Immediately after graduation he joined the 
army in the field at Vicksburg, and served for 
some months in a company of scouts attached to 
Gen. John A. Logan's command, when he was 
commissioned a lieutenant in the famous six-gun 
battery known in the Army of the West as " De 
Golyer's Black Horse Battery " ( H of the First 
Michigan Light Artillery), with which he served, 
being twice promoted, until the close of the war. 
He was with Gen. Sherman's army in the march 
to Meridian, through the entire campaign against 
Atlanta, and finally, in the campaign under Gen. 

George H. Thomas, back into Tennessee in pur- 
suit of Hood, taking an active part in the closing 
and decisive battle of Nashville. Army life, even 
in active service in the field, has many unoccupied 
hours, and having provided himself with a few 
books, Lieutenant Tuthill improved his time by 
reading law, and as soon as it became apparent 
that the war was over, resigned his commission, 
May, 1865, and continued his legal studies there- 
after uninterruptedly in the office of Hon. H. H. 
Harrison, United States District Attorney, at 
Nashville, Tennessee, until admitted to the bar 
at Nashville in the spring of 1866. In 1867 he 
was elected Attorney-General ( State's Attorney) 
of the Nashville circuit. 

In 1868, at Vergennes, Vt., he married Jennie 
F. Smith, of that city, who died at Nashville, 
December 22, 18/2, leaving a daughter. Soon 
after this sad event he returned to his native 
State in 1873, and established himself at Chicago, 
where he soon became known as an able lawyer 
and a forcible and effective speaker. 

In 1875 he was elected City Attorney of Chi- 
cago, and re-elected in 1877. Judge Tuthill has 
always been an active Republican, and in every 
campaign since the war has rendered valuable 
services both as a speaker and in the councils of 
the party. He was a delegate in the memorable 
Republican National Convention held at Chicago 
in 1880, being one of the one hundred and six 
known as "The Old Guard," who voted continu- 
ously for the nomination of General Ulysses S. 
Grant, "of Appomattox." In recognition of his 
standing and success at the bar. President Ar- 
thur, early in February, 1884, appointed him 
United States District Attorney at Chicago, which 
position he filled with distinction, and resigned 
after the inauguration of President Cleveland, 


though permitted to remain for nearly a year 
and a half in office under his administration. 

In April, 1887, by the death of Hon. John G. 
Rogers, an eminent judge for many years of the 
Circuit Court, a vacancy occurred on the bench 
of this court. Judge Tuthill was selected, not 
only by his own party, but by the Democratic 
party as well, to succeed Judge Rogers, and was 
elected by nearly fifty thousand majority over 
his opponent, who was put forward by what 
was known as the "Socialist element." In June, 
1891, he was re-elected for the full term of six 
years to succeed himself. 

Judge Tuthill was married a second time, Jan- 
uary 2, 1877, to Miss Harriet McKey, daughter 
of Edward McKey, a leading dry goods merchant 
of Janesville, Wis. Six children five girls and a 
son, Richard S., Jr. now comprise the family. 

Judge Tuthill, although hardly more than in 

the prime of life, is one of the most active citi- 
zens of Chicago in every movement which has for 
its object the promotion of the general welfare 
of the city or its citizens. He is actively identi- 
fied with several charitable organizations, among 
which are those seeking to assist and promote the 
moral and mental training of poor and destitute 

Judge Tuthill is a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, and of various Masonic bodies, as well as 
of the Union League, Illinois and other clubs. 
Amid all these activities Judge Tuthill has never 
forgotten the habits of the student which he 
acquired in his early life, and he has done much 
in public addresses and speeches to delight, enter- 
tain and instruct many cultivated audiences, 
which have made demands upon his time and 



THERE are probably comparatively few 
people in the City of Chicago to-day, who 
are fully aware of the immense amount of labor 
performed by Azel F. Hatch, during the early 
stages of the incorporation of the World's 
Columbian Exposition, as attorney for the 

He was born September 6th, 1848, in Lisle, 
Du Page county, Illinois, the son of James C. and 
Charlotte D. (Kidder) Hatch. He received his 
early education in the public schools of Lisle, and 
in 1867 entered Oberlin College, Ohio, where he 
remained for three years. In 1870, he entered 
the senior class of Yale College, and was grad- 
uated with the class of 1871. His first position 
after leaving college was as principal of the 
High School at Sheboygan, Wisconsin, which 
he occupied for twelve months. He located in 
Chicago in 1872, and having decided to fit him- 
self for the legal profession, entered the law 
office of Messrs. Shorey and Norton as a law 

Two years later (September, 1874), he passed a 
highly creditable examination, and was admitted 
to the bar, and two months later commenced the 

active duties of his profession. During the first 
year of his practice, he was associated with 
Messrs. Norton and Hulburd, under the firm 
name of Norton, Hulburd and Hatch. This 
connection continued until 1880, when he formed 
a partnership with Mr. O. F. Aldis, under the 
firm name of Hatch and Aldis, which continued 
some three years. 

In November, 1883, he joined a co-partnership 
with Thomas B. Bryan, Esq., which continued 
up to May 1st, 1890, when Mr. Bryan withdrew 
on account of his duties in connection with the 
World's Columbian Exposition, and his accept- 
ance of the office of vice-president of same. In 
mentioning the subject of the Exposition, it will 
not be out of place to detail more particularly 
Mr. Hatch's personal connection with it. Ap- 
pointed attorney for the Commissioners before 
its incorporation, he was called upon to decide 
all legal questions arising in connection there- 
with. He arranged its statutory declarations, 
and managed its legal organization, and arranged 
for and supervised the balloting connected with 
the selection of directors of a corporation so vast 
that it has no parallel a corporation which has 

u P,Y 



over twenty-eight thousand shareholders, and 
necessitated at the ballot the presence of one 
hundred and twenty-five tellers. But so thor- 
oughly organized was the work, so well arranged 
the various duties, and so admirably supervised 
by Mr. Hatch in person, that the result excited 
only wonder and admiration. To quote one of 
the leading city papers : " So expeditiously was 
work done, that within less than two hours after 
the commencement of work, tickets had been 
issued for upwards of three hundred thousand 
shares." ..." Had the force of helpers been 
in training for twelve months, they could not 
have better discharged their respective duties." 
The remembrance of his work in behalf of the 
Exposition afterwards, at Springfield, his filing 
of the necessary documents, and his return with 
the certified copy the whole matter being com- 
pleted by him in the course of twelve hours are 
facts that will not soon be forgotten. 

In political sentiment, Mr. Hatch is a Repub- 
lican, but takes no active part in political affairs, 
more than to perform his duties as a citizen ; and, 
in the use of his ballot, he is not bound by party 
lines, but considers it both his privilege and duty 
to vote for men and principles, rather than party. 

Mr. Hatch was married February 5th, 1880, to 
Grace H. Greene, of Lisle, 111. .Mrs.. Hatch died 
in April, 1886. 

His public appointments: Mr. Hatch has often 
been called to positions of trust. In June, 1890, 
he was appointed one of the directors of the 
Chicago Public Library. He is also one of the 
directors of the Jenning's Trust Company, a part 
owner and director of the Chicago Evening Post 
and of the Chicago Herald. 

Though corporation law is perhaps his spe- 
cialty, his practice, which is large, is general in 
its character, and his knowledge of the law is 
confined to no one branch. 

Mr. Hatch is a man of pleasing address and 
personal qualities of a high order; and by his 
straight-forward, manly course, his strict ad- 
herence to the right, and his ability not only as a 
lawyer, but also as an organizer and manager, he 
has won the esteem and confidence of the com- 
munity in which he lives, and attracted to himself 
many firm friends. Though comparatively a 
young man, he has attained more than ordinary 
success, and gives promise of a future that shall 
confirm his right to a leading place among Chi- 
cago's most enterprising and successful men. 



THE SEEBERGERS came originally from 
Wetzlar, Prussia, in which country the 
subject of this sketch was born, on August 24, 
1829. He is the son of John David and Dorothea 
(Goethe) Seeberger, who immigrated to this 
country with their two sons in 1837. Remain- 
ing for a year in New York City, they then 
removed to Newark, New Jersey, and afterward 
to a farm near Wooster, Ohio. In that town 
our subject commenced his active business 
career in a dry goods house, and gained a prac- 
tical knowledge of commercial affairs. After 
clerking some nine years, first with the house of 
Mr. E. S. Johnson, and later with Messrs. N. 
and J. B. Power, he, in 1852, became a partner in 
the business of the last-named firm. 

Two years later (1854) he decided to go West, 
and accordingly located at Oskaloosa, Iowa, 

opening there the first exclusively hardware store 
in that State, west of Davenport. He remained 
there nine years, and in 1864, settled in Chicago, 
and shortly afterward organized the well-known 
firm of Seeberger and Breakey. Since the retire- 
ment of Mr. Breakey in 1885, the business has 
been conducted under the style of A. F. Seeber- 
ger and Co. In 1885, Mr. Seeberger was appointed 
by President Cleveland Collector of the port of 
Chicago, which office he filled with ability and 
general approval for four years and five months, 
until his successor was appointed. He is a 
director, and for a time was president, of the Chi- 
cago Edison Company, and has been director and 
president of the Interstate Exposition Company. 
He has also been president of the Chicago 
Orphan Asylum for a number of years, and dur- 
ing the existence of the Charity Organization So- 


ciety, now consolidated with the Chicago Relief 
and Aid Society, he was also its president. He 
is prominent in social affairs, and a well-known 
member of the Commercial, the Chicago, the Iro- 
quois and the Calumet clubs. He was married 
August 26, 1856, to Miss Jennie L. Cooper, a 
daughter of Charles Cooper, a prominent manu- 
facturer of machinery at Mount Vernon, Ohio. 
They have three children, viz.: Charles D., Louis 
A. and Dora A., and have a beautiful home at 
No. 2017 Michigan avenue. 

Mr. Seeberger is treasurer of the World's 
Columbian Exposition, and a member who, by 
reason of his extensive business knowledge, his 
conspicuous ability and broad, cosmopolitan 
ideas, is invaluable in assisting in the manage- 
ment of the affairs of that stupendous enter- 

Mr. Seeberger is a member of Trinity Episco- 
pal church, and for many years a member of its 
vestry. He is a generous giver, and supports 
with a liberal hand all charitable enterprises. 



THE subject of this sketch is a typical Chi- 
cagoan. He was born March 21, 1834, at 
New Hartford, Litchfield county, Connecticut, 
the son of James F. and Sabrina (Marsh) Hender- 
son. On the paternal grandmother's side, he is 
descended from a branch of the noted Cotton 
Mather family, while on his mother's side he is 
descended from Roswell Marsh, a soldier of revo- 
lutionary fame, who was present at the execution 
of Major Andre. He was educated in the public 
schools of Connecticut and at the age of sixteen 
became a school teacher, teaching four months, 
receiving a salary of sixteen dollars per month. 

Having heard of Chicago, whither his uncle had 
gone some years before, he, in 1853, being then 
nearly nineteen years old, went thither and ob- 
tained employment in the then well-known boot 
and shoe house of C. N. Henderson and Co. 
Serving through all departments as salesman, 
buyer, clerk, etc. he gained a thoroughly practi- 
cal knowledge of the business, and on the death 
of his uncle six years later (1859) ne succeeded to 
his business, and organized the firm of C. M. 
Henderson and Co., into which Mr. Wilbur S. 
Henderson was admitted as a partner in 1863, 
the house being then located at No. 32 Lake 
street, Chicago. Five years later the business 
was interrupted by a disastrous fire, but the firm 
at once sought a new location at Nos. 58 and 60 
Wabash avenue, and the house was doing a 
prosperous business when overtaken by a second 
calamity, this time being the great fire of October 
8th and gth, 1871, by which the city was laid 

waste. This time they were but one amongst 
the many who were not only entirely burnt out, 
but, in many cases, completely ruined. But Chi- 
cago's business men and citizens of those days, 
like those of to-day, were men of enterprise, of 
sterling worth, and true grit. They did not sit 
repining, they had strong faith in Chicago's 
future, and they went to work clearing away the 
ruins, and replacing their ruined structures with 
handsome, commodious and, in some cases, fire- 
proof buildings. 

The firm of C. M. Henderson and Co. were 
among the first to re-establish themselves after 
the fire, and since that time their business has in- 
creased and their reputation extended until they 
are by far the best known house in the trade 
throughout the West. From a small trade the 
business has developed under the skillful and 
careful guidance of its head, Charles M. Hender- 
son, until it has become the largest combined 
manufacturing and jobbing boot and shoe house 
in the United States of America, and it is still 
growing. This house of C. M. Henderson and 
Co., being an incorporated body, has three ex- 
tensive factories in active operation and employs 
from eight to nine hundred people. Their sales- 
rooms and offices are in the handsome six story 
building at the corner of Adams and Market 
streets, Chicago. The adoption of the trade- 
mark of the wonderful "Red School House'' shoes 
was based on the old New England " Red School 
House," in one of which Mr. Henderson received 
his early education. 



In 1874, Mr. Henderson was one of the found- 
ers and organizers of the Citizen's Association, 
an association formed by several of our most 
prominent citizens for the purpose of purifying 
municipal government and lessening jobbery and 
crime. To this cause Mr. Henderson contributed 
large sums of money, as he was then, as he is now, 
an earnest believer in a firm, well directed and 
judiciously administered city government, and an 
avowed enemy of corruption, jobbery, and lax 
discipline. He was repeatedly urged to become 
the president of this association, but declined, 
aiding, however, in the adoption of the present 
city charter. He was also instrumental in the re- 
organization and improvement of the Chicago 
Fire Department, which to-day is one of the 
most thoroughly practical, best disciplined and 
best equipped fire departments in the world. 

The cause of suffering humanity has always 
found in Mr. Henderson a practical sympathizer 
and one who is ever ready to aid. He was mar- 
ried in 1858 to Miss Emily Hollingsworth, a 
daughter of James Hollingsworth, a well-known 
and successful business man of Chicago. Of this 
marriage there are three children. 

Mr. Henderson is a member of the Union 
League, the Commercial, the Chicago and Calu- 
met Clubs, and has a wide social acquaintance. 
He has been for twenty years a member of the 

Presbyterian Church, and has been president of 
the Young People's Mission Association for fif- 
teen years, and for ten years was superintendent 
of the Railroad Chapel, and two years president 
of the Young Men's Christian Association. 
Numerous other positions of honor and trust have 
from time to time been tendered him, but his 
business and other engagements have been such 
that he has been compelled to decline them. He 
is one of the trustees of Lake Forest University, 
and a member of the Board of Trustees of the 
Chicago Home for Incurables. 

In politics he is a Republican, though ill-health 
has prevented his taking such an interest in his 
party as he might otherwise have done. But the 
local party has always found in him a true friend, 
whose practical sympathy and help have been 
cheerfully given when needed. Mr. Henderson 
is a thorough business man, enterprising, straight- 
forward, clear-headed and upright, and in his long 
career in Chicago has made a record of which he 
may justly be proud. He is a liberal supporter 
of worthy charitable, benevolent and educa- 
tional institutions, generous to a fault, whole- 
souled and a thorough gentleman. A man of 
great detail, accurate and prompt, of much deter- 
ination in public affairs, Charles Mather Hender- 
son is a fair representative of the men who have 
made Chicago what she is to-day. 



pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Chicago, is called by the Golden Rule, of Boston, 
" one of the foremost pulpit orators of America." 
The church, of which he has been the pastor since 
1 88 1, is the historic and mother church of the 
city. It was organized on June 26, 1833, by 
Rev. Jeremiah Porter. Its first meetings were 
held in the carpenter's shop, in Fort Dearborn. 
Its pastors have been, Rev. Jeremiah Porter, 
Rev. John Blatchford, Rev. Dr. Flavel Bascom, 
Rev. Dr. Harvey Curtis, Rev. Dr. Z. M. Hum- 
phrey, Rev. Dr. Arthur Mitchell, and the subject 
of this sketch. 

John H. Barrows was born July u, 1847, m 

Medina, Michigan. His father, the late Profes- 
sor John M. Barrows, came of New England stock, 
a race of teachers, and was educated in the Troy 
Polytechnic Institute, and in Oberlin College. 
His mother, Catharine Payndre Moore, was also 
an early graduate of Oberlin. Both his parents 
were persons of marked and noble character. In 
his college life at Olivet, Michigan, Dr. Barrows 
was noted for his enthusiasm in the study of lit- 
erature, history and the classics, and for his eager 
interest in public and national questions. He 
was graduated from Olivet in June, 1867, in the 
same class with his brother, Rev. Walter M. Bar- 
rows, D. D., afterward an eminent Secretary of 
the American Home Missionary Society. He 



studied theology at Yale, Union and Andover 
seminaries. While at Union he became a mem- 
ber of the Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, and was 
a rapt student of the marvellous pulpit oratory of 
Henry Ward Beecher. 

After two years and a half of home missionary 
and educational work in Kansas, he preached for 
a year in the First Congregational Church in 
Springfield, Illinois. This experience was fol- 
lowed by twelve months of travel in Great 
Britain, Germany, France, Italy, Greece, Egypt, 
and the Holy Land. He supplied for a time the 
American Chapel in Paris, where he made hosts 
of refined and serviceable friends, and enriched 
his intellectual and other resources. Returning 
to America, after studies at Andover, he became 
the pastor of the Eliot Congregational Church in 
Lawrence, Massachusetts. When temporarily 
driven out of the church edifice, Dr. Barrows dis- 
closed ability to hold and sway the popular mul- 
titude with a strictly Gospel theme, while preach- 
ing to great audiences in the City Hall in that 
large manufacturing city. There he learned the 
joy of utterance in an eager, expectant, popular 
assembly. As if to be tested at every point 
before entering upon his Chicago field, his tact 
in church administration was tried in the Hercu- 
lean task of casting off what seemed an over- 
whelming debt from the Maverick Church in 
East Boston, of which he was the pastor before 
coming to his great work in the West. The 
First Presbyterian Church of Chicago showed 
their great eagerness to secure Dr. Barrows by 
contributing $5,000 toward the liquidation of the 
debt on the East Boston church. 

Since his coming to Chicago, in October, 1881, 
twelve hundred members have been received into 
the church, and the chapel connected with it, of 
which Rev. Charles M. Morton is the faithful 
pastor. In 1883 occurred the semi-centennial 
celebration of the founding of the First Church, 
which led to the preparation by Dr. Barrows of 
an elaborate historical volume, giving the " Ec- 
clesiastical Antiquities" of the city, a book highly 
praised by such experts as Dr. Shedd, of New 
York, and the late Dr. Dexter, of Boston. Dr. 
Barrows has taken a prominent part in all mis- 
sionary and reformatory enterprises in the city ; 
he has become a favorite speaker at college 
commencements, on the lecture platform, at 

temperance, missionary and Christian Endeavor 
conventions and before the great gatherings at 
Chautauqua, New York. He has also become 
noted as a speaker at soldiers' meetings. Of the 
Grand Army Memorial service in 1883, the 
Chicago Daily News says : " Thousands of peo- 
ple thrilled to the very heart were loath to leave 
the precincts wherein dwelt the wondrous ora- 
tory of the great preacher." 

Among Dr. Barrows's famous lectures are those 
on "Samuel Adams," "James Russell Lowell," 
"Hugh Miller," "Rembrandt," "Shakespeare," 
" John Stuart Mill," " Jerusalem " and " Wendell 
Phillips." His address on "America," given at 
the opening of the Spring Palace, Fort Worth, 
Texas, before the Presbyterian Social Union of 
St. Louis, and before the Synod of Indiana, is 
among the most notable home-missionary and 
patriotic discourses. 

Dr. Barrows has published many sermons, 
which have had a wide circulation. Among the 
more noteworthy of these have been discourses 
on " The Perfection of the Bible," " The Natiqn 
and the Soldier," " The Nation's Hope," " Re- 
ligion the Motive Power in Human Progress," 
" Christian Manhood,'' " Reason in Temperance," 
" Christ and the Poor," " Martin Luther," 
"Christian Hospitals," "The World of Books" 
and " Municipal Patriotism." His address in 
1885, at the Sixty-first Anniversary of the Ameri- 
can Sunday-School Union, was distributed in 
many thousand copies all over the country. In 
this year, also, he spoke in Music Hall, Boston, 
at the Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the American 
Board. His address called forth from Dr. Wm. 
M. Taylor, of New York, the saying : " Dr. 
Barrows keeps eloquence on tap." 

Dr. Barrows is the pastor of a very strong and 
benevolent church, whose gifts to various good 
causes average more than one hundred thousand 
dollars a year. In 1886 his people kindly sent 
him to Europe, where he enjoyed four months of 
physical and mental recuperation. While in 
London he preached before the great Mildmay 
Conference. For four years Dr. Barrows, sup- 
ported by his generous people, carried on a Sun- 
day evening preaching service in Central Music 
Hall, Chicago. In 1890 he published a volume 
entitled "The Gospels are True Histories," which 
has received warm commendations for its literary 



qualities and its power and effectiveness, from 
men like Prof. Geo. P. Fisher, Dr. Richard S. 
Storrs, Dr. Francis E. Clark, Dr. Theodore L. 
Cuyler, and many others. During the last two 
years he has preached in the evening at an 
elaborate praise service held in the First Presby- 
terian Church. This service, conducted by the 
eminent organist, Mr. Clarence Eddy, has been a 
delight, inspiration and education to great num- 
bers. Dr. Barrows takes an enthusiastic interest 
in whatever concerns the intellectual and moral 
progress of the Queen City of the West. He is 
a favorite and frequent speaker on social occa- 
sions, and is now serving as chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Religious Congresses, to be held dur- 
ing the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. 
He is the originator of the great plan of holding 
a Parliament of Religions, to which representa- 
tives of all the great historic faiths have been 
invited. In this effort to bring together, in 
friendly conference, Brahmans, Buddhists, Mos- 
lems, Parsees, Confucians, Jews, and representa- 
tives of the great churches of Christendom, Dr. 
Barrows has secured the co-operation of religious 
leaders of all lands. The importance of this 
movement can hardly be overestimated. Its ob- 
jects are to bring into conference leading repre- 
sentatives of the great historic religions of the 
world ; to show what and how many important 
truths they hold and teach in common; to pro- 
mote the spirit of true brotherhood among the 
religions of the world ; to secure from leading 
scholars, representing all faiths, accurate state- 
ments of the effects of their respective religions 
upon the literature, art, commerce, government 
and domestic and social life of the peoples among 
whom these faiths have prevailed ; to show what 
light each religion has afforded or may afford to 
the other religions of the world ; to furnish a per- 
manent record of the condition and outlook of 
religion among the leading nations; to discover 
what light religion has thrown on such great 
questions as temperance, labor, education, etc. 

From an elaborate article in the Pulpit Treas- 
ury, of New York, of June, 1884, we make the fol- 
lowing extracts : " Dr. Barrows' peculiar function 
is to preach. It is at the altar that his lips are 
touched. His extraordinary gifts are all arranged 
along the line of power in spoken speech. After 
his homiletic matter, which is always choice, is 

well in hand, his mental movement is toward 
powerful expression. His sentences are polished 
shafts. His multifarious contributions to the 
public prints force themselves out into attention 
by way of the platform and the pulpit, where all 
his work takes on its peculiar animation. Some 
passages, for example, in his famous sermon on 
' Eternity,' after being once felt by an audience, 
can never be forgotten. Even his voice, which is 
of a rich and peculiarly resonant quality, con- 
tributes toward a magical effect. There is some- 
thing magnetic about his personal presence. He 
is noticeably tall and lithe in form. His phys- 
ique, at first sight, does not indicate such 
enormous endurance as he seems to possess. 
Perhaps no preacher in America carries to-day a 
heavier ministerial responsibility. His pulpit 
work has all the elaboration and finish of the 
most closely written sermon, and yet has the 
power and magnetism of extemporaneous utter- 
ance, for it is usually given without a scrap of a 
note. The pulpit is sometimes pushed aside and 
he stands out like the lamented Phillips, whom in 
style and bearing he resembles. In the lecture 
field he has few equals. His prose-poem on 
' Samuel Adams, the Hero of the Revolution ' 
is well-nigh unrivalled as a model in classic 
English. When a man develops such eloquence 
and power in the pulpit, a great door and 
effectual is soon opened unto hjm. To Dr. 
Barrows it is at the Central Music Hall, Chicago. 
Here flock together on Sabbath evenings the 
great unchurched to hear him. Very often it has 
been necessary to turn people away, so overflow- 
ing is the spacious house. The service exactly 
fits the niche in the popular need. The fact that 
a thousand young men are frequently present, to 
say nothing of twice as many others besides, is 
an inspiration to any orator; and yet this mar- 
vellous ministry is as far from being sensational 
as the zenith from the nadir. Dr. Barrows de- 
termined at the start that his Music Hall min- 
istry should be, first of all, evangelical. It is 
not orthodoxy that the people object to, but 
dullness. The music is both choral and congre- 
gational, and hence is superlatively attractive. 
The people crowd in. The last service always 
seems the best. The poor have the Gospel 
preached unto them. Dr. Barrows has come to 
the first place among the young preachers of the 



day by dint of vitalized, consecrated personal mental and spiritual energy. Being by divine 
power. He seems to have felt from his youth right a prince of the pulpit, he has at length 
the presence of destiny. It is the stirring of come to reign in his kingdom." 



I Conneaut, Ashtabula county, Ohio, on the 
i/th of February, 1823. His father, Joel Jones, 
was born at Hebron, Connecticut, May I4th, 
1792, and after marrying Miss Maria Dart, the 
daughter of Joseph Dart, of Middle Haddem, 
Connecticut, removed with his young family to 
Conneaut, Ohio, in 1819. 

Joel Jones was the sixth son of Captain Samuel 
Jones, of Hebron, Connecticut, who was an officer 
in the French and Indian war. The latter held 
two commissions under George II of England. 
He returned from the wars and settled in Hebron, 
where he married Miss Lydia Tarbox, by whom 
he had six sons and four daughters. Nine of the 
ten lived to reach maturity. Samuel, the eldest 
son, was a lawyer, and practiced his profession for 
many years at Stockbridge, Mass. He was a 
man of fine cultivation. In 1842 he published a 
treatise on the " Right of Suffrage," which is 
probably the only work of the kind ever pub- 
lished by an American author. From another 
brother descended the late Hon. Joel Jones, the 
first president of Girard College, the late Samuel 
Jones, M. D., of Philadelphia, and Matthew Hale 
Jones, of Easton, Pennsylvania. From a third 
brother descended Hon. Anson Jones, second 
President of the Republic of Texas. The family 
are now in possession of a letter written by Cap- 
tain Samuel Jones to his wife at Fort Edward, 
dated August i8th, 1758. One hundred and ten 
years prior to the date of this letter, his ancestor, 
Captain John Jones, sat at Westminster as one of 
the judges of King Charles I. Colonel John 
Jones married Henrietta (Catherine), the second 
sister of Oliver Cromwell, in 1623, and was put to 
death October I7th, 1660, on the restoration of 
Charles II. His son, Hon. William Jones, sur- 
vived him, and one year before his father's death 
married Miss Hannah Eaton, then of the Parish 
of St. Andrews, H olden, Epenton. He subse- 

quently came to America with his father-in-law, 
the Hon. Theophilus Eaton, first governor of the 
colony of New Haven, Connecticut, where he 
held the office of deputy governor for some 
years, and died October I7th, 1706. Both him- 
self and wife are buried in New Haven, under the 
same stone with Governor Eaton. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that the 
subject of this sketch is connected by direct 
descent with the best blood of the Puritan 
fathers, and came honestly by the virtues which 
have characterized and adorned his private and 
official life. His father died when he was but an 
infant, leaving his mother with a large family and 
but slender means for their maintenance. At the 
age of thirteen, young Jones was placed in a 
store at Conneaut, his mother and other mem- 
bers of the family at the same time removing to 
Rockton, Winnebago county, Illinois. This, his 
first clerkship, gave to his employers great satis- 
faction. He remained with them for two years, 
when he decided to follow his family and seek his 
fortune in the West. When the leading mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church were apprised of 
his determination to depart from them, they 
endeavored to prevail upon him to remain, offer- 
ing to provide for his education for the ministry. 
He, however, declined their generous offer, but 
not without sincere and grateful acknowledge- 
ments of their great kindness, and, taking passage 
on board the schooner " J. G. King," he made his 
first landing at Chicago, on the igth of August, 
1838. Thence he proceeded to Rockton, where 
he remained with his family for the next two 
years, rendering such service to his mother as his 
tender years and slight frame would permit. In 
1840, he went to Galena, then the largest and 
most flourishing city in the Northwest, determined 
to better his condition, but as his entire available 
capital amounted to only one dollar, his first 
appearance upon the scene of his future successes 





was not encouraging. He was glad to accept at 
a very small salary a clerkship, which he filled for 
about six months, after which he entered the 
employ of one of the leading merchants at 
Galena. Young Jones found in this association 
appreciative friendship, agreeable surroundings, 
hearty encouragement, and ample scope for his 
business talents and ambition. Contact with the 
enterprising spirits of that region soon developed 
in him those qualities which have since so highly 
distinguished him as a man of sterling worth and 
remarkable ability. His employer, perceiving his 
superior qualifications, his ready adaptability to 
the requirements of his position, his impertur- 
bable good nature, self-possession, foresight and 
sagacity, advanced him rapidly, and finally to a 
partnership in the business, which was continued 
successfully and profitably until 1856, when the 
co-partnership was dissolved. In 1846, while still 
engaged in the mercantile business, he was ap- 
pointed secretary and treasurer of the Galena and 
Minnesota Packet Company. This highly im- 
portant position he held for fifteen years, giving 
entire satisfaction to the company. In 1860, he 
was nominated by the Republican party and 
elected member of the twenty-second General 
Assembly from the Galena District, composed of 
the counties of Jo Daviess and Carroll. He soon 
became one of the most active and influential 
members of the legislature, and was prominently 
identified with many measures of great public 
interest so that his conduct as a Representative 
received the high approval, not only of his own 
district, but of the whole State. 

.In 1861, Mr. Jones was appointed by President 
Lincoln to the office of United States Marshal 
for the northern district of Illinois. This ap- 
pointment required him to change his residence 
to Chicago, and brought him in contact with 
other and larger interests than those which had 
previously claimed his attention. In 1863 he 
organized the Chicago West Division Railway 
Company, was elected its president, and by his 
systematic and skillful management, soon brought 
it to a high condition of prosperity. In the midst 
of his exacting duties, he found time to take part 
in various other commercial and manufacturing 
enterprises, all of which added to his ample 
fortune, and brought him into notice as one of 
the most successful and influential men of Chi- 

cago. Withal he discharged his duties as marshal 
so efficiently and with such satisfaction to the 
government that upon the commencement of Mr. 
Lincoln's second term he was re-appointed, and 
held the office till President Grant called him to 
fill a higher and much more conspicuous position. 
Mr. Jones was one of Mr. Lincoln's most trusted 
friends, and enjoyed his fullest confidence. He 
was summoned by the latter upon several occa- 
sions to Washington for consultation upon 
matters of public interest, and at least once to 
confer upon a subject of great personal concern 
to the President. Shortly after the crushing 
victory of the Union forces, commanded by 
General Grant, over the Confederate army at 
Chattanooga, a movement was set on foot by a 
number of influential men in New York to give 
the successful general an independent nomination 
for the Presidency. Mr. Lincoln was too astute 
and watchful a politician to remain long in 
ignorance of this hostile movement, and, as a 
matter of course, soon discovered the plans of 
his enemies. Perceiving at once that the nation's 
victorious chieftain would prove a dangerous 
competitor, if he really were ambitious, he re- 
garded it as of the first importance to satisfy himself 
on that point. Recalling the intimacy which had 
grown up between General Grant and Mr. Jones, 
he telegraphed for the latter to come to Washing- 
ton. Mr. Jones lost no time in obeying the Pres- 
ident's summons. On reaching Washington he 
reported his arrival to the President, stating that 
he would call whenever it would be most con- 
venient for the President to receive him, and was 
requested to call at eight o'clock that evening, 
which he did, and was conducted to the Pres- 
ident's private office. Closing the doors, Mr. 
Lincoln said, " Jones, I've sent for you to tell me 
whether or not Grant wants to be President." 
Mr. Jones replied promptly, in accordance with 
what he knew to be the fact : " Certainly not ; 
he would not take the office if it were offered to 
him. So far from being a candidate himself, I 
know him to be earnestly in favor of your re- 
election." Mr. Lincoln's countenance relaxed, 
and the habitual shade of sadness faded from his 
face, as he leaned forward, and putting his hand 
upon Mr. Jones' shoulder, said, " My friend, you 
don't know how gratifying that is to me ;" add- 
ing reflectively, " No man can ever tell how deep 



that Presidential grub gnaws till he has had it. 

Immediately after Gen. Grant's election, four 
years later, he nominated Mr. Jones to the senate 
as Minister to Belgium, in grateful appreciation 
of his patriotic support of the government's 
policy during the Civil war; in recognition of his 
services as a member of the National Republican 
Executive Committee during the political con- 
test which had just terminated, and of his high 
qualities as a gentleman and citizen. He pro- 
ceeded quietly to his post, accompanied by his 
family, took possession of the Legation on the 
2 ist of July, 1869, was confirmed in due time 
and addressed himself at once unostentatiously 
but industriously to the mastery of the situation. 
One of his first duties was to make an elaborate 
report upon the cereal productions of Belgium, 
by order of the State Department, and the man- 
ner in which he did this left nothing to be de- 
sired. Shortly afterwards he was called upon to 
interpose his good offices in behalf of an Ameri- 
can citizen who had been condemned to im- 
prisonment. He did so, quietly and without 
display, and succeeded speedily in effecting the 
release of his countryman. When the difficulty 
arose with Great Britain in reference to the con- 
struction of the Treaty of Washington, no minis- 
ter was more active than he in disseminating 

correct information, and in giving public opinion 
a turn favorable to our interests. In the final 
extinguishment of the Scheldt dues, he served 
the government with marked capability and intel- 
ligence. He also materially assisted in bringing 
about an understanding between Belgium and 
the United States, which enabled them to agree 
upon the terms of an extradition treaty ; and 
has more recently furnished for the use of the 
Senate Committee on Transportation an admirable 
report upon the Belgium railways and canals. 

In 1848, Mr. Jones married Miss Scott, the 
daughter of the late Judge Andrew Scott, of 
Arkansas. She is a most excellent and accom- 
plished lady, and has, with her interesting chil- 
dren, given the American Legation at Brussels an 
enviable reputation for elegance and hospitality. 
It is no exaggeration to say that Mr. Jones and 
his family have won the respect and affection of 
everybody who- have felt the influence of their 
home, or come within the reach of their kindly 

In the summer of 1875, Mr. Jones resigned and 
returned to Chicago and was soon thereafter 
tendered the position of Secretary of the Interior, 
which he declined and was appointed Collector of 
the Port of Chicago. 

In 1888 he practically retired from active busi- 



CHARLES HENROTIN was born in 1844 in 
Brussels, and settled in Chicago in 1848. 
His father, Dr. Henrotin, who in the early days 
was known in the neighborhood of Chicago as 
"The French Doctor," had been for many years 
surgeon in the Belgian army, and from 1857 to 
1876, held the position of Belgian Consul in Chi- 
cago. Young Henrotin entered the Chicago 
High School in 1856, and afterwards studied in 
his native country, attending the University of 
Tournai from 185610 1861, when he returned to 
Chicago and entered the employ of the Mer- 
chants' Loan and Trust Co. In 1866 he was 
elected cashier of that bank as successor to Mr. 
L. J. Gage, who became vice-president of the 

First National Bank of Chicago. In the fire of 
1871, the books and papers of the Merchants' Loan 
and Trust Co. were lost, and Mr. Henrotin accom- 
plished the remarkable feat of re-establishing all 
the accounts of the bank and satisfying all the de- 
mands of its customers without any interruption 
of its regular business, and without loss to the 
bank, and he accomplished it within three weeks 
from the time of the fire. 

In 1876 Mr. Henrotin resigned his position as 
cashier to engage in his present line of business 
banking and brokerage. At the outset, his time 
was devoted principally to the introduction into 
the Chicago stock market of railroad bonds a 
business which from 187610 1883 assumed enor- 



mous proportions. He also rendered notable ser- 
vice to the city and county in successfully hand- 
ling nearly all of the municipal loans made at that 
time. He bought the County Court House 5 per 
cent, loan of $1,200,000, and took practically all 
the city script which, in her then embarrassed posi- 
tion, had to be issued for current government ex- 

Mr. Henrotin's ability as a financier had by this 
time become well known far beyond his own com- 
munity, and confidence in him well established. 
It only required the insight, tact and daring of 
his next enterprise to give him a name as a finan- 
cial leader throughout the country. We refer to 
his splendid work in the creation of the Chicago 
Stock Exchange, which has been so great a source 
of convenience and profit to the commercial and 
financial institutions of Chicago, and has won a 
more than national repute. Chicago had long 
needed just such a commercial medium, and now 
that it has proven so signal a success, must give a 
large share of the credit to Mr. Henrotin, to 
whom was due its original conception and subse- 
quent realization. He was elected its first presi- 
dent in 1880, and his own successor in 1881. In 
1886 he was again made president, and in 1889 
and 1890 was elected a third and a fourth time. 
Mr. Henrotin is also a member of the New York 
Stock Exchange. 

Essentially a public-spirited man, he has been 
prominent in many public enterprises, and has 
probably done as much as any one man to make 
Chicago a financial center, and an attractive city. 
One of the numerous ventures in which he was 
foremost was the building of the Chicago Opera 
House, of whose company he has been vice-presi- 
dent since its origin. The Panorama of the Bat- 
tle of Gettysburg was also secured to the city 
through his influence and sold by him to a syndi- 
cate of Chicago capitalists. Of late years he has 
been largely interested in Chicago Horse and 
Cable Railway matters and is a director in the 
North Chicago Street Railway Company. 

Within the last few years, Mr. Henrotin has de- 
voted much time to managing English syndicate 
business in the West. He was the American 
broker in the successful placing of the securities 
of the Chicago Brewing and Malting Co., and 
the Junction Railways and Union Stock Yards 
and the Milwaukee and Chicago Breweries 

securities amounting in the aggregate to some 
$38,000,000. In the organization of the Lon- 
don and Chicago Contract Corporation, he took 
the leading part, being the official broker of this 
corporation, as well as of the City of London 
Contract Co., of England. 

In 1876 Mr. Henrotin was appointed consul to 
Belgium to succeed his father, and, with the sanc- 
tion of the Belgian government, was also appoint- 
ed consul for the Ottoman Empire, both of which 
positions he still retains. He has distinguished 
himself by his very fine and exhaustive reports on 
the export and import trade of Belgium, and in 
1889, in recognition of valuable consular services, 
he was knighted by the King of Belgium, with 
the decoration of " Chevalier of the Order of 

In politics Mr. Henrotin is a Democrat, not at 
all inclined to partisanship, but a very liberal- 
minded and unbiased thinker. He is socially 
active as a member of the Chicago, Union and 
Washington Park Clubs, of the Germania Manner- 
chor, and the Nineteenth Century Club. 

As has already been suggested, Mr. Henrotin's 
education was of a very superior character, and 
the increasing cares of business have not pre- 
vented the daily additions and expansions which 
alone produce the man of culture. Singular it is 
that in so practical a life the art of painting 
should receive much attention. Mr. Henrotin is 
a man of artistic sympathies and discrimination, 
and is himself possessor of some choice paintings. 

Mentally strong, bright, and active, he is ex- 
ceedingly well liked in the commercial world, 
where his knowledge of the minute details and 
ramifications, as well as of the general interests of 
a business, has given him a high standing as a 
financier. Mr. Henrotin has given much atten- 
tion to the "Silver Question," and has written 
several important and valuable articles on the 
subject, that have gained a wide circulation. 

In social circles his polished manner and genial 
temperament are highly appreciated. He is an ex- 
ample of a class which is America's peculiar pride, 
the energetic man of business, who is yet at 
home in all the varied phases and departments of 
society, literature and art. In his domestic life 
Mr. Henrotin has been especially felicitous. Mrs. 
Henrotin, who is the daughter of Mr. E. Byam 
Martin, a descendant of the English family of 



Byam Martins, and a resident of Maine, is a lady 
of unusual talent and attractiveness. Highly ed- 
ucated, possessed of unusual literary tastes and 
habits, she is conversant with both the French 
and German languages, from the latter of which 
she has made several important and valuable 
translations. She is the president of the Deco- 
rative Art Society, of Chicago. She was treas- 
urer of the Society for five years. Through her 
exertions the Society took up the work of indus- 
trial education among the teachers, and she has 
done much in many ways for the advancement of 
her sex. Mrs. Henrotin has been a very promin- 
ent member of the Woman's Club, Chicago, and 
of the Fortnightly and the Nineteenth Century 
Clubs, and is probably the finest extemporaneous 

woman speaker in Chicago. She has given the 
work of the Kitchen Garden Association her per- 
sonal attention ever since its organization. With 
Mrs. Potter Palmer, Mrs. Henrotin went to Wash- 
ington, D. C., to speak before the National Coun- 
cil of Women, to present the claims of the 
Woman's Board of the Columbian Exposition for 
recognition. She is chairman of the woman's 
branch of the World's Congress Auxiliary and 
one of the leading spirits in the work, also chair- 
man of the general committee, which has general 
supervision of all branches of the work. Many- 
valuable essays from her pen have gained a wide 

Mr. and Mrs. Henrotin are blessed with three 
sons, Edward, Charles and Norris. 



JONAS HUTCHINSON comes from New 
England stock, and was born at Milford, 
New Hampshire, January 10, 1840. His father, 
Abel Hutchinson, was a farmer, and died when 
Jonas was only six years old. Having attended 
the public school for some time, Jonas was sent 
to the Academy at Mt. Vernon, of which Mr. 
Augustus Berry was principal. He made such 
progress, and showed so good a disposition for 
study, that he was sent to Dartmouth College, 
from which he was graduated in 1863. The 
president of the college, Nathan Lord, took a 
great interest in him, and had such confidence in 
his ability and acquirements that he recom- 
mended him as a teacher for the high school at 
Columbus, Ohio. His confidence was not mis- 
placed, for at the end of the first year, Mr. 
Hutchinson was appointed principal, the onerous 
and responsible duties of which position he dis- 
charged with ability and success for two years. 
His first business venture was as Western Agent 
of the school book publishing firm of Messrs. 
D. Appleton & Co., with headquarters in Chicago, 
and he proved himself as competent in the 
counting house as he had been in the school. 
In 1867, he began the study of law with Messrs. 
Sweetzer and Gardner, of Boston, and the year 
following entered the office of Mr. Bainbridge 

Wadleigh, an able and prominent lawyer of 
Milford, who was afterwards United States Sen- 
ator for New Hampshire. During these years 
of study, Mr. Hutchinson was a diligent student, 
and in March, 1869, was admitted to the practice 
of law. He then removed to Chicago, where he 
has since followed the practice of his profession. 
During his long residence in this city he has been 
engaged in many of the most important cases 
that have come before the Cook county bench. 
One of the most notable was the case of Eliza- 
beth A. Hill, who was found dead in her home 
in January, 1881. As she died intestate and her 
heirs were not known, the difficulty of settling up 
the estate was great, but it was increased by an 
attempt to collect on notes purporting to be 
signed by Mrs. Hill, but which were shown by 
Mr. Hutchinson to be forgeries. He received 
great credit for his successful termination of the 
case after years of labor. 

In 1889, Mr. Hutchinson was appointed Corpo- 
ration Council by the Hon. DeWitt C. Cregier, 
Mayor, and the appointment was confirmed by 
the city council. This office he held for two 
years, giving the greatest satisfaction by his 
ability, honesty and courtesy. He is now, and 
has been for several years, chairman of the Dem- 
ocratic County Central Committee of Cook 



county. His kindly disposition, thorough knowl- 
edge of parliamentary law and long experience in 
managing men, fit him for the discharge of the 
duties of this difficult position, which he fills with 
credit to himself and benefit to his party. 

On November 3, 1891, Mr. Hutchinson was 
elected to the Superior Court bench, vice Mr. 
John P. Altgeld, resigned. He had previously 
declined the offer of various nominations, and 
acceded to the request on this occasion only in 
the interests of his party. His selection by the 
Democrats was endorsed by the Republicans, and 
his election may be said to have been substan- 
tially unanimous, as there was only a small por- 
tion of the labor vote which he did not receive. 
He was elected by a majority of over one hun- 
dred thousand votes, a very high compliment, 
which shows the esteem in which he is held by 
the people of all classes. 

Mr. Hutchinson was married on November 14, 
1876, to Miss Lettie Brown, of Springfield, Illi- 
nois. Her maternal great-grandfather was Col. 
William A. Dudley, of Lexington, Kentucky, 
who distinguished himself by valorous deeds in 
the Mohawk war, in which he lost his life. To 
his and his comrades' memory, deservedly cher- 
ished by all lovers of bravery, the people of Ken- 
tucky have erected a handsome monument upon 
the most commanding site in the beautiful ceme- 

tery at Frankfort. Col. Dudley's regimentals are 
given a conspicuous place in the Smithsonian 
Institute at Washington. His son, Dr. Jeptha 
Dudley, acquired a niche in the temple of fame 
as the most prominent physician of his day, in 
the South. The Dudleys always stood among 
the first of Kentucky's great men. Mrs. Hutch- 
inson's father was a brother of the celebrated 
Presbyterian divine, John H. Brown, D. D., well 
known on account of the part he took in the 
noted theological controversy between Alexan- 
der Campbell and Nathan L. Rice. This union 
has been blessed with two children, Helen and 
Jonas, Jr., whose bright smiles and innocent mirth 
tend, if possible, to make a happy home happier. 

As a public speaker, Mr. Hutchinson attempts 
no flights of oratory. Simple and accurate in 
his statement of facts, clear in his deductions and 
convincing in his arguments, he disdains the art 
of the sophist, and prefers to quote Blackstone 
rather than Shakspeare. 

Quiet, reserved, unostentatious, he hoards his 
strength and only uses his full power when cir- 
cumstances demand the calling out of his 
reserved force. He is an able and experienced 
adviser, a sincere friend and an honor to his pro- 
fession. Careful and conscientious in the dis- 
charge of every duty, he is a man possessed of a 
high degree of honor and integrity. 



JOHN A. COLBY was born in Fryeburg, 
Maine, April i, 1833. His parents were 
James and Mary (Sterling) Colby. His father 
was born in 1799, and died in 1874, in the same 
house in which his own and his father's families 
had been raised. His great-grandfather, with two 
brothers, came to America from the North of Ire- 
land. His mother's ancestry came from Scotland, 
and included Major-General John Stark, of New 
Hampshire, whose heroism is immortalized in 
his famous address to his soldiers on the morning 
of the battle of Bennington, concluding with the 
stirring words : " Boys, we will whip those red 
coats, or Mollie Stark is a widow." Monuments 
to his bravery were recently erected by the public, 

at Manchester, New Hampshire, and at Benning- 
ton, Vermont. John attended the public schools 
and academy in Fryeburg. The latter has the 
honor of once having Daniel Webster as principal. 
When not in school, his time, in summer, was 
devoted to his father's farm, in winter, to the labor 
of the logging swamps. Spare time was given to 
the use of carpenter's tools and working in wood, 
which naturally developed a love for cabinet 
work, the final outcome of which was his great 
furniture establishment. At the age of nineteen 
he left his native town and State, and went to 
Lowell, Massachusetts. After spending a few 
months with the Lawrence corporation, he re- 
moved to Boston, and joined his brother, Albert, 


in the book business, at 150 Washington street. 
He severed that connection in 1857, and, remov- 
ing to Chicago, started in the book business on 
his own account at 118 Randolph street, where 
he continued until 1861. During the following 
six years he was engaged on the Board of Trade, 
and in oil and mining operations. In 1867, 
his early love for cabinet work having revived, he 
started in the furniture business, laying the 
foundations of his subsequent success. The 
growth of his trade has necessitated a large man- 
ufactory for ordered work of interior decorations 
and drapery. In 1885, his sons, Henry C. and 
Edward A., were admitted to a partnership with 
him under the firm name of J. A. Colby and Sons. 
Their well-known store on State street being too 
contracted for their growing business, they re- 
moved, in January, 1891, to the spacious and ele- 
gant building at Nos. 148, 150, 152 and 154 
Wabash avenue. Here they have doubled the 

capacity of their manufacturing plant, and have 
the facilities to store, handle, and exhibit to the 
public the immense, rare, and costly styles of 
furniture and artistic work, which are the admira- 
tion of throngs of visitors. Nine floors as 
salesrooms are made very attractive in the ar- 
rangement of stock and decorations. Prompt and 
courteous attention makes patrons feel at home, 
and has added to the popularity which has made 
this a leading establishment of Chicago. 

Mr. Colby was married, April 29, 1857, t Miss 
Abigail Ford Ca*dy, of Scotch descent, at West 
Randolph, Vermont. Of four children, two sons 
members of the firm survive. Mrs. Colby has 
been a true helpmeet. She is a lady of decided 
literary tastes, appreciating the best literature and 
art. She is identified with the All Souls' Uni- 
tarian church, the Chicago Woman's Club, and 
several other literary, sociable and charitable in- 



THERE is, perhaps, no better or more favor- 
ably known citizen in Chicago than Gilbert 
W. Barnard. His name is a familiar one both at 
home and abroad. He was born on the 1st day 
of June, 1834, in Palmyra, Wayne county, New 
York, and is the son of George Washington and 
Sabrina (Deming) Barnard. 

His father died while he was yei unborn, and 
while he was yet in his infancy the bereft widow 
located in Michigan where he received his early 
education. At the age of fifteen, we find him 
coming to Chicago, which was destined to become 
the field of his future success. He began work 
for John C. Williams, in his general store, and 
subsequently was engaged in the book and sta- 
tionery business, and later, conducted a general 
commercial business. He was an active member 
of the volunteer fire department, from 1849 * 
1858, and in that capacity rendered valuable 
services. His business career in the city of Chi- 
cago has been marked by honorable dealings, 
uprightness, and integrity. 

He was made a Mason in October, 1864, and 
has ever since been an active participant in all 

matters of interest pertaining to the welfare of 
that organization ; on December 7th, of the same 
year, he was made a Master Mason in Garden 
City Lodge, No. 141, A. F. and A. M. 

He was appointed junior steward in the same 
lodge the night after he was raised to the sublime 
degree of Master Mason, and has remained in 
office ever since. He was Master of this lodge 
during the years 1866-67, and District Deputy 
Grand Master for several years. He was exalted 
to the Royal Arch degree, October 2d, 1866, in 
Corinthian Chapter, No. 69; took the Council 
degree in Siloam Council, No. 53, on March 25, 
1871 ; and the Knight Templar degree, on May 
13, 1870, .in St. Bernard Commandery, No. 35. 
He received the 32d degree on April 25, 1868, 
and the 33d degree on November 13, 1873. He 
was a member of the first Board of Grand Ex- 
aminers of the Grand Lodge, for five years ; 
Grand Lecturer of the Grand Lodge, for eight 
years; and has been Secretary or Recorder of 
nearly all side issues that were termed Masonic, 
and has received over three hundred degrees that 
are known to Masonry. 





He is Past High Priest of Corinthian Chapter, 
No. 69, R. A. M., and Past Eminent Commander 
of St. Bernard Commandery, No. 35, Knights 
Templar; Past Commander-in-Chief of Oriental 
Consistory ; Grand Secretary of the Grand Chap- 
ter ; Grand Recorder of the Grand Council and 
Grand Commandery, and Grand Secretary of the 
Council of Deliberation, S. P. R. S., and various 
other bodies of Illinois. 

He was, some fifteen years ago, elected Secre- 
tary of the Capitular, Cryptic and Chivalric grand 
bodies of the State of Illinois, where his signal 
ability, and untiring efforts in the performance of 
his official and fraternal duties have won him a 
host of friends and admirers. 

His connection as secretary with the Illinois 
Masonic Orphans' Home, and his untiring zeal 
and labors in this connection, have added greatly 
to the upbuilding of that worthy institution. 

Mr. Barnard's office, in Chicago, is filled with 
a collection of everything of usefulness to the 
lovers and students of the laws and customs of 
the fraternity, and is a general center of Masonic 
affairs, as well as the continual resort for visitors 
from all parts of the Masonic world. 

His long connection with the Ancient Accepted 
Scottish Rite, of which he is a 33d degree active 
member, gives him a correspondence with all 
branches of the order, wherever they exist, and 
makes him so well known. His life has been 
that of an upright man and Mason, and he has 
devoted himself to the interests of the fraternity, 
administering to the wants of his brothers, and 
relieving their widows and orphans in distress. 

He is affable and courteous in manner, and 
each new acquaintance he makes is another friend 
added to the long list of those who delight to 
know him. 



TO a student of human nature, there is noth- 
ing more interesting than to examine into 
the life of a self-made man,. and analyze those 
principles that have caused him to become a man 
of eminence in the community, and an object of 
respect to all that know him. 

Levi Barnes Doud is prominent among the self- 
made men of Chicago. He was born in Mahon- 
ing county, Ohio, on April 7, 1840. His parents, 
James and Mary (Barnes) Doud, were reared in 
Canfield, Ohio, but their parents were descended 
from old colonial settlers of Connecticut and Vir- 
ginia. After finishing his education at the Salem 
(Ohio) Academy, Levi returned to his father's 
farm, and remained there until his nineteenth or 
twentieth year, when he began life for himself as 
a cattle dealer, in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania. 
He had good success in this business venture, but 
being of an ambitious nature and foreseeing a 
great future for the live-stock trade at Chicago, 
he began operations there in 1864, and in the 
following year removed thither and took up his 
abode. He has been largely connected with the 
cattle interests of Chicago for over a quarter of a 
century, and at the present time (1892) is the 

senior member of the live-stock commission firm 
of Doud and Keefer. He has also been identi- 
fied with the packing business but has disposed 
of all his packing interests in Chicago but still 
retains an interest in the packing house of L. B. 
Doud and Company, located at Atlantic, Iowa. 
For many years Mr. Doud has been interested in 
banking institutions. He was a stockholder in 
the old Stockyards Bank, and in January, 1889, 
was elected a director in the National Live Stock 
Bank, and six months later (in July) was chosen 
its president. This position he now holds. 

In December, 1875, he was married to Eliz- 
abeth R. Dunham, by whom he has one child, 
Marion. Mrs. Doud is a native of Newark, Ohio; 
she was educated in Chicago, and at the time of 
her marriage was a resident of Iowa. 

Our subject is a native of Ohio, a State that has 
been aptly spoken of by an eminent historian as 
"The lap of Patriotism and the mother of Repub- 
licanism." He has followed in the footsteps of his 
father, one of the leaders of the anti-slavery move- 
ment in Ohio, and is a staunch Republican a firm 
believer in the principles of Republicanism as ad- 
vocated by Lincoln, Grant, Garfield and Elaine. 


Mr. Doud is a man of domestic tastes, and 
when not employed in his business, in which he 
takes a natural and just pride, he finds in no 
place such solid enjoyment as in his own beauti- 
ful home, at No. 3257 Michigan avenue. During 
the heated season of each year, he seeks re- 
cuperation and rest at the sea-shore, with his 

Such is a brief outline of his biography : Pre- 
eminently a self-made man, he has attained to a 
position among Chicago's representative men of 
which he may justly be proud. He started in 
life with no capital save health, a persistent pur- 
pose and an honorable ambition, and, by perse- 
vering effort, uprightness and fidelity, has risen, 
step by step, to his present commanding position. 



the North Chicago Street Railroad Company 
and the West Chicago Street Railroad Company, 
and Director of the World's Fair, was born in 
Philadelphia, June 25th, 1837. Up to the time of 
the settlement of his father's estate he added 
"junior" to his name, as the two were the same. 

His mother was Elizabeth Link Broom, who 
came from an old Philadelphia family, descended 
from the Dutch. The name "Yerkes" is Welsh, 
the first settlers coming to this country from 
England a few years before the Penn colony of 
Quakers arrived. The subject of this biography 
is descended from these people, who assimilated 
with the followers of William Penn. The farthest 
the lineage can be traced being to their arrival in 
Philadelphia with that good man on board the 
ship "Welcome," in 1682. 

Mr. Yerkes' parents were Quakers, and he was 
brought up in that faith ; but like many other 
members of that sect, the straight coat, broad 
brimmed hat and quiet manners were not 
adopted by the rising generation, and the mem- 
bership in his family will, in all probability, go 
out with him. He received his education at the 
Quaker school in Philadelphia, and afterwards 
graduated at the Central High School in that 

In early life he was an active young man, 
always desiring to be at the head of all schemes, 
whether it was mischief at school or a money 
making project. An anecdote of the boy has 
found its way into print, showing his natural 
thrift. When about twelve years old, he was 
very fond of attending the auction sales which 
were held on Saturdays, at an auction store, in 

the vicinity of his home. One day, arriving 
early, he discovered a number of boxes of soap 
which bore the same brand that was being used 
by his family, which he had often been sent to 
purchase at the corner grocery. Twelve cents 
per pound was the retail price he had always paid. 
An idea struck him and a plan was immediately 
formed. He went at once to the grocer and 
asked what - soap was worth by the box. 
The latter thinking the boy wished to purchase, 
told him, eleven cents per pound. The boy de- 
murred, saying it was too much. The grocer 
replied that very little profit was made on soap, 
and facetiously remarked he would pay nine cents 
per pound for any quantity. Young Yerkes 
seemed hardly satisfied and left the store, going 
immediately to the auction. Soon the lot of 
soap was reached and the auctioneer announced 
the soap would be sold, a box at a time. " What 
is bid per pound for the soap?" "Four cents," 
said one bidder; " Four and one-half cents," and 
so on up to five and one-half cents. While the 
auctioneer was clamoring for another bid, " Six 
cents," came from a shrill but sturdy voice, and 
every one looked to see the new bidder. The 
box of soap was knocked down to young Yerkes 
at six cents per pound. "What is the name?" 
said the auctioneer as he leaned forward. 
"Charles T. Yerkes, Jr.," shouted the boy, and 
the man repeated, " Put it down to Charles T. 
Yerkes, Jr.," and every one but the boy laughed. 
Another box was put up and the youngster bid 
again six cents. No one else bid. They were all 
amused to watch the earnest boy. Again tile- 
auctioneer asked the name and received the 
same reply. It was most amusing to the by- 



slanders. Box after box was put up until fifteen 
boxes had been sold. The auctioneer then said 
there were ten more boxes and he would sell 
them in one lot. The boy bid five and one- 
half cents. No one else would bid- There was 
too much fun in seeing the little fellow get the 
soap, so it was put down to him. Then there 
was a bee line made by young Yerkes to the 
grocer. "What did you say was the price of 

soap?" said he. " I told you I would sell 

by the box at eleven cents, which is low for it, 
or I would give nine cents for a big lot of it." 
" Well," said the boy, " I have sold you twenty- 
five boxes at nine cents a pound, and I will run 
over to Frank's auction store and tell them it 
is to go to you." Of course, mutual explanations 
followed. The grocer took the soap, paid the 
amount due and then gave the boy the balance. 
He has said the making of this money so startled 
him that instead of being filled with the idea that 
money was easy to make, his great fear was that 
he might in some way lose it. He, therefore, did 
not repeat the venture. 

After leaving school, he went as a clerk into 
the flour and grain commission and forwarding 
house of James P. Perot and Bro. In those days 
it was a great privilege to be permitted to enter 
a first-class house to learn the business, and he, 
consequently, had no salary. However, on ac- 
count of his close attention, he was presented 
with fifty dollars at the end of the year. In 
1859, although no more than a boy, he started a 
money and stock broker's office on Third street 
in Philadelphia, and in three years was so pros- 
perous as to be able to purchase the banking 
house at No. 20 South Third street, and estab- 
lished himself as a banker. The negotiation of 
first-class bonds was his specialty. It was during 
the war, and Government, State and City bonds 
were heavily dealt in. The high premium for 
gold made City bonds sell low, owing to the fact 
that the interest was payable in currency. How- 
ever, he conceived a scheme to raise the price 
from eighty-five cents to par, which was carried 
into effect with the anticipated result, and the 
city was able to raise money to pay bounties to 
the soldiers and for park purchases which were 
then being made. It should be understood that, 
in accordance with their charter, no City bonds 
could be sold by the city at less than par, conse- 

quently, when the price was below that figure, the 
city could not pay the bounties or make improve- 
ments. This close alliance with the city, however, 
proved his " Waterloo." At the time of the Chi- 
cago fire, he was very prominent in Third street. 
He had made money rapidly, and, as he says, was 
feeling that he might begin to take life more 
easily. He never took a holiday, but was always 
attending to business. The panic occasioned by 
the fire caught him carrying a large load of secu- 
rities, and he was in debt to the city for bonds 
sold for it, it being the custom to make the pay- 
ments at the end of every month. The city au- 
thorities demanded settlement at once, and know- 
ing to pay it in full would be unfair to the balance 
of his creditors, he suspended and made an assign- 
ment. The fact that the law did not provide for 
his having possession of the city's money was 
tortured into a criminal offense, and as he refused 
to give the city preference over his other credit- 
ors, severe measures were resorted to to compel 
him to do so. He was firm, however, and in- 
sisted that, as he had given up everything he 
possessed, it should be divided to every one alike. 
He declared this was the most trying period of 
his life, and while he and his friends feel proud of 
his action, the severe strain he was obliged to 
pass through was such that few men could stand. 
While it made his friends stronger, it gave his 
enemies, for all time, an opportunity to cast re- 
flections upon him, and as he has said, when any 
one wished to throw mud at him they could 
easily manufacture the material by giving a one- 
sided view of his old trouble. 

At the time of his failure he lost the large in- 
terest which he held in the Seventeenth and 
Nineteenth Street Railway Company, which had 
been in his possession since 1861, and which was 
sold to help pay his debts. In 1873, at the time 
of the Jay Cook failure, he commenced the recu- 
peration of his fortune. His business was rapidly 
growing at that period, and appreciating, at once, 
that Mr. Cook's suspension meant a very serious 
decline in everything, sold stocks heavily before 
purchasing. Immense and quick profits were the 
result, and he soon found himself well established 
again. In 1875, he purchased an interest in the 
Continental Passenger Railway of Philadelphia, 
and saw the value of the stock rise from fifteen 
dollars per share to over one hundred dollars. In 



1880, he made his first visit to Chicago. At that 
time, gold was coming from Europe in almost 
every steamer which arrived at New York from 
that point, still money was not easy there. In- 
quiry developed the fact that it was going west, 
principally to Chicago. The idea forced itself 
upon his mind that a new money center was be- 
ing formed and from natural causes, and he re- 
solved to investigate. The result was that he 
concluded to extend his investigations still fur- 
ther, and, consequently, after returning to Phila- 
delphia, he started to go through the Northwest 
and see for himself. After visiting St. Paul, 
Minneapolis and Duluth, he pushed on over the 
Northern Pacific Railroad, but was stopped by a 
severe snow storm at Fargo. It was here, sitting 
around the stove at the hotel, he listened to the 
tales of the boomer who had arranged to make a 
grand Dakota demonstration in the spring. The 
crops had been good and prices high. No one 
who has not had experience can fully appreciate 
the wondrous tales told under these circum- 
stances. It was not long before he joined a syn- 
dicate and afterwards bought out his associates. 
When the spring opened he built business blocks, 
dealt heavily in acre property, and organized the 
first Fair held in North Dakota. It is said the 
display of farm machinery was the best ever 
made. All the large manufacturers were repre- 
sented. The shafting to run the machinery was 
about a quarter of a mile long. Having sold out 
most of his Dakota interests he came to Chicago, 
in the autumn of 1881, and opened a banking 
house at the corner of La Salle and Madison 
streets. This was operated in conjunction with 
his house in Philadelphia, which was being man- 
aged by his partner. From the time of his ad- 
vent in Chicago, he had looked with longing eyes 
on the street railways particularly the North 
side but it was not until 1886 that he was able 
to enter into negotiations for it. A satisfactory 
arrangement was then made with the stockholders 
having a majority of the stock, and after associat- 
ing with himself some Chicago capitalists and a 
few of his old friends in Philadelphia, he took 
possession of the North Chicago City Railway 
Company. The company was completely reor- 
ganized, and after many difficulties in which he 
was obliged to work single-handed against the 
most remarkable efforts of those who were jeal- 

ous of his appearance in the street railroad field, 
he at length accomplished the reorganization and 
change of motive power from horse to cable, the 
greatest success achieved being the utilizing of 
the old La Salle street tunnel (which had almost 
entirely gone into disuse), thereby overcoming 
the great detriment which was experienced by 
the people of the North side on account of the 
swing bridges. Two years later he closed the 
negotiations for the majority of the Chicago 
West Division Railway Company stock, and that 
company was reorganized in the same manner as 
the North side road. 

In all his business, Mr. Yerkes acted with full 
authority from his associates, and it is said their 
confidence in his experience and management 
was such that they refused to advise with him, 
but left him to act entirely as his judgment 
should dictate. The results show the wisdom 
of their course. Notwithstanding the fact that 
tempting offers are constantly made to him to 
take hold of other street railroad properties, he 
invariably refuses. He is of the firm opinion 
that success can only be accomplished by con- 
stant and undivided attention to the properties 
he has taken hold of, and that small cities are 
unprofitable for the introduction of the improved 
systems of street railroad management. 

Mr. Yerkes is a Republican, although not an 
active politician. He believes in a protective 
tariff, for the reason that while all articles used 
in his business would be cheapened by free trade, 
yet he is of the opinion that the prosperity of 
the country demands that labor should be pro- 
tected by such duty on imported goods that our 
home manufacturers can compete with foreign 

In 1 88 1, Mr. Yerkes married Miss Mary Ade- 
laide Moore, daughter of Thomas Moore, of Phil- 
adelphia, who had been for a number of years 
connected with the firm of Powers and Wright- 
man, manufacturing chemists in that city. 

To his regular habits, care, and abstemious 
life, he probably owes his remarkably well pre- 
served physical condition. He has lived in the 
line of the old adage, " early to bed and early to 
rise," and has for it a ruddy, robust appear- 
ance, sustained by a constitution which would 
indicate, that though he has passed the half cen- 
tury mile-stone, for years to come he will still be 



in the prime of life. And what precision of habit 
has accomplished in the way of physical develop- 
ment, observation, application and cultivation, 
have brought about in his mental character. 
That he is a quick thinker, a keen observer, and 
the possessor of a bright intellectuality, is told at 
a glance. His well rounded head is evidence of 
the evenness and fullness of his mental develop- 
ment ; and his dark piercing eye tells of his pow- 
er to perceive and the deep earnestness which 
has been characteristic of his life. There is with 
it all, too, a firmness that is often mistaken for 
rigidity; but to this seeming cloud there is a sil- 
very lining which constantly stands out in bold 
relief to those who know him best. As the world 
sees him, he is a calm, austere, pushing business 

man ; but as he is seen after office hours, he is 
the most genial of men, and presents a nature 
radiant with pleasantry. He has very little taste, 
however, for society, and as a consequence is 
almost a stranger to club life. In fact, he is very 
seldom seen away from home and family after his 
day's business. He is devoted to his fireside and 
revels in home life, and is a lover of the beauti- 
ful. To him, his pictures rare works of art with 
which his gallery abounds and the flowers of his 
conservatory are open books. He reads them 
with peculiar delight and finds in them a sooth- 
ing influence, which not only wears off the day's 
contact with the busy world, but sweetens his 
life by their sublimity, and renews his mind for 
the labors which the successive morrows bring. 



OSCAR C. DEWOLF, whose name has be- 
come familiar in connection with his faith- 
ful and successful service in the health depart- 
ment of Chicago, was born at Chester, Hampden 
county, Massachusetts, in 1836. His father, Dr. 
T. K. DeWolf, was born in 1801, and continued in 
the successful practice of medicine till his eighty- 
ninth year, working with the vigor and alacrity of 
a boy. Our subject's mother, Cornelia (Benham) 
DeWolf, born in 1806 in Barkhamsted, Connecti- 
cut, came of an old Revolutionary family, resident 
in the Northeast since Colonial days. Gen. Ben- 
ham, of the engineer corps, was of the same family. 
Dr. DeWolf is probably of English descent ; but 
members of his father's family were engaged in 
the Revolutionary war ; his ancestors have been in 
Connecticut and Rhode Island for two hundred 
years. He has one brother, one half brother, and 
one sister, the sister being the wife of Dr. Har- 
lovv Gamwell,. of Westfield, Massachusetts. His 
brother is an attorney in Cleveland, Ohio, and his 
half brother a member of the well-known firm of 
Phelps, Dodge and Palmer, of Chicago, and vice- 
president of the Chicago Coal Company. 

Our subject received his preliminary education 
in the common schools of Massachusetts, and 
later pursued a course of study in, and was gradu- 
ated from, Williams College, afterward study- 

ing medicine at Pittsfield, Massachusetts. He 
graduated in medicine from the Medical College 
at Berkshire, in 1857, and from New York Medi- 
cal College in 1858. The same year he went to 
Europe and entered the medical department of 
the University of France, where he remained 
until 1861. Two days after his arrival home, he 
was appointed assistant surgeon of the First 
Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Calvalry, and 
afterward became surgeon of the Second Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Cavalry, and later surgeon of 
the reserve brigade of the regular cavalry, where 
he continued till the end of the war. After the 
close of the war in 1866, he settled at Northamp- 
ton, Massachusetts, and remained there until 
1873. He then removed to Chicago where he 
has since made his home, filling many positions of 
trust with marked ability. He was appointed 
Commissioner of Health for the city of Chicago 
in 1876, filling that position with a zeal and integ- 
rity of which he may well be proud. A promi- 
nent city official has said that Dr. Oscar C. De- 
Wolf was the first man to place the work of that 
office on a high plane, and that his was an effi- 
cient and honest administration. He made that 
department an executive part of the city govern- 
ment. He had the nerve and decision to act, 
when sure he was right in the premises. That 



Dr. DeWolf is an eminent authority on sanitary 
matters is further shown in the fact that he was 
appointed one of the sanitary commission to 
examine the site for the World's Columbian Ex- 
position. His associates in this work were Dr. 
H. A. Johnson and Dr. Fernand Henrotin. This 
commission will continue its sanitary supervision 
till the close of the Exposition. 

Dr. DeWolf is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and was made an honorary member 
of the French Society of Hygiene. He is also a 
member of the British Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science. These honors were con- 
ferred upon him in recognition of his eminent 

services in the health department of the city of 
Chicago. He is a member of all the prominent 
medical societies, also a member of the Illinois 
Club, and a man of high social standing and an 
extensive acquaintance. Dr. DeWolf is professor 
of State medicine and public hygiene in the Chi- 
cago Medical College, a position he has occupied 
with distinction for many years. He holds his 
religious affiliations with the Third Presbyterian 
Church. Always a Republican, yet he numbers 
among his intimate friends many who differ from 
him in his political belief. 

He was married December, 1872, to Harriet T. 
Lyman, of Northampton, Mass. 



AMONG the representative men of Chicago, 
whose position is due solely to their own 
efforts, none deserves more honorable mention 
than William E. Mason. He was born in the 
village of Franklinville, Cattaraugus county, New 
York, on the 7th day of July, 1850. His parents 
were Lewis J. and Nancy (Winslow) Mason, his 
father being, at the time of William's birth, en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits. He was a man of 
high character, and very active in politics, and in 
his early manhood was identified with the Abo- 
litionists. Upon the organization of the Repub- 
lican party, he became an enthusiastic member of 
that body, and was an ardent supporter of John 
C. Fremont for the presidency, in 1856. 

In 1858 the family removed to Bentonsport, 
Iowa, and lived there until the death of the father, 
in 1865. William was thus, at the tender age of 
fifteen, practically thrown upon his own resources 
and left to battle with the world. He had re- 
ceived the rudiments of his education in the 
public schools of Franklinville, and later at Ben- 
tonsport. He had also studied two years at 
Birmingham College, and was making fair pro- 
gress in the way of a liberal education, when 
called upon to make his own way in the world. 

This shouldering of the responsibilities of life 
developed in the boy a self-reliance and strength 
of purpose which have been distinguishing charac- 
teristics of the man. He began teaching school, 

and devoted himself alternately to teaching and 
studying until 1868. During the next two years, 
he taught in the public schools of Des Moines, 
Iowa. He then began the study of law in the 
office of Hon. Thomas F. Withrow, an eminent 
corporation lawyer, who was, soon after this time, 
appointed General Solicitor of the Chicago, Rock 
Island and Pacific Railroad Company, and re- 
moved to Chicago. Our subject accompanied 
him, and remained in his office one year, and then 
became a student in the office of Hon. John N. 
Jewett, where he finished his preparation for 
admission to the bar. 

For several years he remained in the office of 
his distinguished preceptor, leaving it to form a 
partnership with Judge M. R. M. Wallace, in 
1877. He soon became known as a good lawyer 
and safe counselor, and especially as an able and 
eloquent advocate. Upon separating from Judge 
Wallace, he became the senior member of the 
firm of Mason, Ennis and Bates, with which he is 
still identified. 

Mr. Mason has always been a staunch Republi- 
can, and, as his record will show, an enthusiastic 
and effective worker in the interests of that party. 
Before he was thirty years of age, he was a mem- 
ber of the General Assembly of Illinois, and in 
1882 was sent to the State Senate from the Ninth 
Senatorial District of Illinois. In both the lower 
house and the senate, he was conspicuous for his 


ability, his devotion to the interests of his con- 
stituency, good judgment in the consideration of 
proposed legislation, and close attention to busi- 
ness at all times. 

In 1888 he was elected Congressman from the 
Third Congressional District of Illinois, and as a 
member of this popular branch of the national 
legislature won honor for himself and reflected 
credit upon those who elected him by becoming, 
in a comparatively short time, one of the most 
serviceable members of that body. Possessing 
oratorical powers of a high order, a ready wit and 
a broad knowledge of public affairs, he distin- 
guished himself on the floor of the House on 
numerous occasions. He was noted for brevity, 
conciseness and pointedness of statement, and in 
the debate on the location of the World's Colum- 
bian Exposition, made the following five-minute 
speech, which is a model of its kind, and for 
which he was highly complimented by all, and 
the Speaker (Mr. Reed) expressed his opinion 
that it was the best five-minute speech he had 
ever listened to : 

Mr. Speaker: When I think of the many things that 
could be said in favor of the city that I have the honor, in 
part, to represent, and of the few moments in which I have 
to say them, I feel much like the boy who sat down on the 
inside of a sugar barrel and said, " Oh, for time and a thou- 
sand tongues to do this thing justice." [Laughter.J 

Five minutes in which to speak of the greatest city in 
the world ! I wish I had time to call your attention to the 
constitution of the State of New York ; most of you have 
read that. I wish I had time to refer to the eloquent speech 
! of the gentleman from New York (Mr. Flower) who yesterday 
told us about the display that was to be made in the New 
York harbor, and the Italian and Spanish ships of war. I 
would like to invite him and colleagues here to that great 
inland sea on which rides a larger fleet for there are more 
arrivals and clearances in the port of Chicago than in any 
other port in the United States of America, not excluding 
New York, more tonnage and more arrivals and departures 
not a fleet of war, but a fleet of peace, of peaceful commerce 
commerce between American citizens, the profits thereof 
remaining at home. 

It is one of the grandest things to contemplate that the 
discovery of Christopher Columbus has led to the develop- 
ment on this soil of a nation resting on the principles of self- 
government a nation that needs no army and navy, for if 
every gun we have were spiked, and every ship were sunk, no 
nation on the face of God's earth would dare to strike a blow 
at our colors or invade our soil [applause]. We cannot invite 
you to see a fleet of war ships, but we invite you to witness 
the victories of peace, greater than those of war. You invite 
us to see the Spanish and Italian ships of war, not a color of 
which, from any mast, stands for human liberty; we invite 
you to see the commercial fleet of peace, larger by far than 

that, manned by American citizens, and from every mast fly- 
ing the colors that we love [applause J. I would like to say 
one thing further during my five minutes, and that is 
all I have to say. My brethren on the other side, you have 
charged the Republicans on this side of the house with most 
unfair and ungenerous criticism in matters of politics. The 
gentleman from Texas (Mr. Mills) discussed at great length 
this morning the fact that the negro has the right to vote in 
the South, and has no right to vote in the District of Colum- 
bia. It is true that in the heat of politics we indulge in 
things of that kind. But is it not also true that you have 
criticised us and have given us back, with interest, what we 
gave you ? 

But what is the best way to avoid such things ? How 
can we do better in the future for the people we represent and 
whose prosperity we should consider from a united stand- 
point ? How can we do better than meet upon common 
ground, at that great central city of Chicago, for a common 
purpose ? Come to Chicago in 1892, my friends, and see 
whether our hospitality differs from the hospitality for which 
you are so justly noted in Georgia, Kentucky and Mississippi. 
Come, I say, and with the shoulder-touch let us march, in 
1892, to a better understanding. Come, and warm your hearts 
at the forges of the North as we melt the ores of the South, and, 
with the anvil and hammer of personal contact, let us beat 
out a better friendship for the North and the South [ap- 
plause]. Bring your looms from New England; bring your 
cotton from the South, weave it into cloth in the presence of 
the great Northwest, and into the web and woof of that cloth 
we will weave a new song for a better and more permanent 
union of the States. 

Eighteen hundred and ninety-two will be a famous year, 
my friends famous for the advancement of the arts and 
sciences, famous for the advancement of agriculture, famous 
for the advancement of everything that makes us great and 
glorious, but, better still, famous because we will begin to 
tear down the walls that have kept us apart ; famous because 
we will draw the North and the South and the East closer 
and nearer and more truly together. Drinking from the same 
fountain, drawing our inspiration of patriotism from a com- 
mon source, we will not be confined to the old couplet : 

" In fourteen hundred and ninety-two, 

Columbus crossed the ocean blue," 
but with less poetry and more sentiment, we will say : 

In eighteen hundred and ninety-two 

We will unite the gray and blue. 
[Loud applause.] 

Mr. Mason is a man of the people, and from 
experience knows their needs, their hopes and their 
ambitions, and enters heartily into any movement 
calculated to better their condition. Personally, 
Mr. Mason was one of the most popular men in 
Congress, being under all circumstances a most 
genial and affable gentleman. The courtesy 
which has characterized him in his political and 
social life has won for him, in addition to the 
respect and admiration which men of genuine 
ability always command, the kindly regard of his 



In the presidential campaign of 1888, he became 
widely known as an effective political speaker, 
and during the hotly-contested campaign of 1890, 
in Ohio, in which he participated, he won renown 
as a campaign orator, who seldom failed to carry 
conviction to the minds of his auditors. 

In 1873, about the time he completed his law 
studies, Mr. Mason was married to Miss Edith 
Julia White, the accomplished daughter of Mr. 

Geo. White, a prominent citizen of Des Moines, 

Mr. Mason is a man of domestic tastes, never 
happier than when by his fireside with his inter- 
esting family of children and charming and esti- 
mable wife. Mrs. Mason, though much sought 
after in society, and though a cultured hostess, 
prefers to devote her time to household duties 
rather than to social pleasures. 



SAMUEL J. JONES, a native of Bainbridge, 
Pa., was born on March 22, 1836, the son 
of Dr. Robert H. and Sarah M. (Ekel) Jones. 
The father, who died in 1863, had been a practicing 
physician in Pennsylvania for thirty-three years. 
The mother belonged to one of the oldest families 
of the old town of Lebanon in that State. In 
early life, Samuel enjoyed a good educational 
advantage, and having finished his preparatory 
studies, at the age of seventeen entered Dickin- 
son College, at Carlisle, Pa., graduating with the 
degree of A. B. in 1857, being then twenty-one 
years of age. 

Three years later he received from his alma 
mater the degree of A. M., and in 1884 the same 
institution conferred upon him the degree of 
LL. D. He early decided to fit himself for the 
medical profession, and upon leaving college, 
with that purpose in view, spent three years in 
study under the preceptorship of his father, and in 
1858 attended his first course of lectures in the 
medical department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, graduating in 1860, just thirty years after 
the graduation of his father from the same insti- 
tution. Being attracted to the United States 
naval service, by reason of its many advantages 
for the young practitioner, both professionally 
and otherwise, he submitted to a competitive ex- 
amination for the position of assistant surgeon, 
and being successful, received his appoint- 
ment just before the beginning of the War of the 
Rebellion. In April, 1861, he was ordered to the 
U. S. steam frigate " Minnesota," which sailed, 
under sealed orders, from Boston on May 8, 
1861, as the flagship of the Atlantic blockading 

squadron. Dr. Jones participated in the naval 
battle at Hatteras Inlet in August, 1861, which 
resulted in the capture of the Confederate forts, 
and ended the troublesome blockade-running at 
that point, and in which fifteen hundred prisoners 
were taken. It was the first naval battle in his- 
tory in which steamships were used and kept in 
motion while in action. 

In January, 1862, he was temporarily detached 
from the "Minnesota "and detailed as surgeon of 
Flag Officer Goldsborough's staff on the Burnside 
and Goldsborough expedition against Roanoke 
Island. After its capture he was assigned to duty 
as the staff surgeon of Commander Rowan in the 
expedition which resulted in the capture of New- 
bern, Washington, and other important points on 
the inner waters of North Carolina. Later he 
accompanied Lieut. Gushing, of " Albermarle "' 
fame, and Lieut. Lamson in their operations on 
the Nansemond River for the relief of the Union 
forces then shut in by General Longstreet at 
Suffolk, Va. In the spring of 1863 Dr. Jones 
was assigned to duty at Philadelphia, and there 
passed a second examination and was promoted 
to the grade of surgeon. He was next assigned 
to duty at Chicago, and there, in addition to his 
other duties, acted as examining surgeon of those 
desiring to enter the medical corps for the naval 
service on the Mississippi River. While here he 
visited the various military prisons, and examined 
and passed over three thousand Confederate 
prisoners who had asked to be shipped into the 
Government naval service. 

In 1864 he was ordered to the sloop-of-war 
" Portsmouth," of Admiral Farragut's West Gulf 


I6 7 

blockading squadron, but soon thereafter was 
assigned to duty as surgeon of the New Orleans 
Naval Hospital. In the fall of 1865, the war 
having closed, Surgeon Jones was sent to Pensa- 
cola, Florida, as surgeon of the navy yard and 
naval hospital, and remained until again assigned 
to duty at Chicago, in 1866. When the marine 
rendezvous there was closed, in 1867, he was 
ordered to the frigate " Sabine," a practice ship for 
naval apprentices cruising along the Atlantic 

In 1868, desiring to engage in private practice, 
he tendered his resignation, which was accepted 
on the first of March of that year, and his con- 
nection with the navy closed, after eight years of 
active, and during much of the time hazardous, 

Upon leaving the Government service, Dr. Jones 
returned to Philadelphia, and was sent as a dele- 
gate from the American Medical Association to 
the meetings of the medical societies of Europe, 
being at the same time commissioned by Gov. 
Geary, of Pennsylvania, to report upon hospital 
and sanitary matters of England and the Conti- 
nent. He attended the meetings of the noted 
European medical societies at Oxford, Heidel- 
berg and Dresden, and at the last named place par- 
ticipated in organizing the first otological congress 
ever held. This was in September, 1868. He 
spent the remainder of that year visiting various 
parts of Europe, extending his investigation in 
medical and sanitary affairs, and giving especial 
attention to diseases of the eye and of the ear. 
He returned to the United States and established 
himself at the beginning of 1869 in private prac- 
tice at Chicago. During the same year he was 
elected president of the Board of Examining Sur- 
geons for United States pensions at Chicago, and 
was also made a member of the medical staff of 
St. Luke's Hospital, and there established a de- 
partment for treatment of diseases of the eye and 
of the ear, with which he has been connected 
since its establishment. In 1870 he was again 
accredited a delegate from the American Medical 
Association, to meetings of European associa- 
tions, and while abroad spent several months in 
research and investigation. During the same 
year he was appointed to the chair of ophthal- 
mology and otology just established in North- 
western University [Chicago Medical College], 

a professorship which he has continued to hold 
ever since. He also established an eye and ear 
department at Mercy Hospital and another at 
the South Side Dispensary, and had charge of 
them for some ten years, and for a number of 
years was one of the attending staff of the Illinois 
Charitable Eye and Ear Infirmary, located in 
Chicago. Dr. Jones has applied himself to the 
acquirement of knowledge pertaining to the 
special department to which he has devoted him- 
self for the past twenty years, and is recognized 
both by the medical profession and the public as 
authority on all matters pertaining to ophthalmol- 
ogy and otology. He has always stood high in 
the esteem of his professional brethren, and has 
been active and influential in their councils 
and deliberations. In 1876 he was a delegate 
from the Illinois State Medical Society to the 
Centennial International Medical Congress at 
Philadelphia. In 1 88 1 he represented the Ameri- 
can Medical Association and the American Acade- 
my of Medicine at the Seventh International 
Medical Congress, at London, England. Again, 
in 1887, at the Ninth International Medical Con- 
gress, held in Washington, D. C., as president of 
the section of otology, he was ex-ofificio a member 
of the executive committee, whose duty it was to 
arrange for the preliminary organization of the 
congress. In 1889, a ^ ^ s thirteenth annual 
meeting, held in Chicago, Dr. Jones was elected 
president of the American Academy of Medicine, 
whose objects as stated in its constitution are: 
" First, to bring those who are alumni of col- 
legiate, scientific and medical schools into closer 
relations with each other. Second, to encourage 
young men to pursue regular courses of study in 
classical and scientific institutions, before entering 
upon the study of medicine. Third, to extend 
the bounds of medical science, to elevate the pro- 
fession, to relieve human suffering, and to prevent 

Being himself a man of broad culture and 
extensive knowledge of the principles and prac- 
tice of medicine, Dr. Jones has labored untiringly 
to raise the standard of medical education to the 
highest plane, both by his work in the various 
societies and associations with which he is con- 
nected, and by his writings, which have frequently 
appeared in the medical journals. He was for 
several years editor of the Chicago Medical Jour- 

1 68 


nal and Examiner, one of the leading medical 
periodicals of this country. 

Dr. Jones is a man of fine physical proportion, 
with a rugged constitution. He is a man of 
fixed opinions, with a decided willpower and 

Courteous in manner, genial and generous, yet 
dignified in bearing, he has attracted to himself 
a wide and influential clientele in the special de- 
partment to which he has devoted himself, and 
enjoys the reward of his painstaking and con- 

strong determination, and by nature a leader, scientious work. 



AMONG the great commercial interests of 
Chicago, none has developed more rapidly 
or brought to its promoters more substantial re- 
turns than the lumber trade. Being the center 
of a vast railroad system spreading out through 
the West and Northwest, Chicago has come to 
be the distributing point for the lumber products 
of the great pineries of Michigan and Wisconsin, 
whence it is brought via the great lakes and thence 
carried over this net-work of railroads. Of the 
men who have devoted themselves to this line of 
trade, few, it may truthfully be asserted, have at- 
tained to a higher place or reaped more substan- 
tial rewards than Henry Beidler, the subject of 
this biography. He is a native of Bucks county, 
Pennsylvania, and was born in the town of Bed- 
minster, on November 27, 1812, the son of Jacob 
and Susanna (Krout) Beidler. Both his father 
and grandfather (who, also, was named Jacob 
Beidler) were natives of Bucks county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and farmers by occupation. His father 
was also a carpenter by trade, and lived to the 
advanced age of eighty-nine years. The grand- 
father died in the year 1781, and was interred in 
Perkasie burying-ground in Hilltown township, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, where our subject, 
on a recent visit to his native place, erected to 
his memory a beautiful granite monument. The 
mother of our subject, also, was born in Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, and died at the age of 
eighty years. Henry passed his boyhood and 
early manhood on the farm, receiving a good 
common-school education and laying the founda- 
tion of his financial success. It was here that he 
earned his first thousand dollars, a fact to which 
he points with pardonable pride. 

In the spring of 1843, attracted by the superior 
inducements offered in the West to young men of 

enterprise and thrift, he removed to the then 
sparsely settled State of Illinois, and located at 
Springfield in the grocery trade. After five 
years of success in this business, he, in 1848, re- 
moved to Chicago, and engaged in the lumber 
business in partnership with his brother, Jacob 
Beidler, who was then in business there. In 1855 
Mr. Beidler went to Muskegon, Michigan, and 
took charge of the manufacturing branch of the 
firm's business there, his brother continuing in 
charge of the Chicago branch. The business rap- 
idly increased, and, under his careful management, 
brought to its promoters large returns, so that in 
1876, our subject was enabled to retire from active 
participation in the business with an ample com- 
petence. At that time he returned to Chicago, 
where he has since made his home, and retained 
an interest in the business for several years, when 
the firm was dissolved by mutual consent. Since 
his retirement from active business, Mr. Beidler 
has spent much of his time in travel throughout 
all parts of his native land, and has also visited 
some foreign lands. During these travels he has 
collected a great variety of curiosities, consisting 
of rare shells, precious stones, etc., which he has 
preserved in a handsome cabinet at his home at 
No. 49 South Sangamon street. Throughout his 
life Mr. Beidler has been known for his business 
integrity and firm adherence to the strict princi- 
plesof justice and equity, so that wherever known, 
his word was regarded as good as his bond. He 
is a man of generous impulses, cheerful, genial, 
benevolent and charitable. Coming as he does of 
a long-lived ancestry, and having had regard to 
the laws of health throughout his life, he is no\v, 
at the age of eighty years, well preserved and 
hale and hearty, and able to enjoy the fruits of 
his labors. His political sentiments are Republi- 



can, though he has never taken any part in politi- 
cal mat.ters more than to perform his duties as a 
citizen. Mr. Beidler holds broad and liberal views 
on religious questions, and, with his family, is 
identified with the " People's Church " under the 
pastoral care of H. W. Thomas, D.D. 

Mr. Beidler was married on April 23, 1860, to 
Miss Sarah Sammons, a daughter of Thomas 

Sammons, Esq., of Syracuse, N. Y. Mrs. Beidler 
died on October 2, 1886. She was a woman of 
many noble qualities, a fond and devoted wife 
and mother, and by her kindness and goodness of 
heart, her charities, and purity of life, endeared 
herself to a large circle of friends. Of this union 
was born one son, Herbert A. Beidler, president 
of the Standard Elevator Company, of Chicago. 



AMONG the residents of Chicago who claim 
the Green Mountain State as the place of 
their nativity, many have become truly represen- 
tative citizens, and among these is the subject of 
this biography. 

He was born in West Fairlee, Orange county, 
Vermont, on February n, 1826, and passed his 
youth and early manhood on his father's farm. 
-After leaving the district schools, he attended 
Williams College, and after finishing his studies 
there he went to Boston, to study law with Col. 
Stickney, afterwards completing his law course 
with the Hon. William S. Holman, the well- 
known Indiana congressman. He was admitted 
to the bar in 1852, and then spent two years in 
teaching. During that time, he was principal of 
the Rising Sun, Indiana, Female Seminar}', and 
of the Charleston, Illinois, Academy, and also had 
charge of one of the public schools in Galena, 
Illinois, where he became acquainted with Cap- 
tain U. S. Grant. 

In 1854, he began an active practice of law at 
Charleston, Illinois, and continued the same in 
that place and Litchfield, Illinois, until 1861. 

During his residence in central Illinois, he had 
as co-workers in the circuit such men as Abraham 
Lincoln, Governor Palmer, Leonard Sweet, S. T. 
Logan, and Benjamin Edwards, and he argued 
many important cases in the Federal Court, 
before Judge David Davis. 

At the opening of the war of the rebellion in 
1861, in response to the call of President Lincoln 
for men, Benjamin M. Munn, like a true son of 
the patriotic Green Mountain State and a worthy 
citizen of Illinois, left his business and volun- 
teered his services to his country. 

He enlisted as a private soldier, but was im- 
mediately elected Captain of Company D, /th 
Regiment Illinois Infantry, and he holds the 
oldest captain's commission in the volunteer 

While in Springfield assisting in organizing the 
7th Regiment, he suggested to Governor Yates 
that the man most needed in the organization of 
State Troops was Captain U. S. Grant, of Ga- 
lena, whom he had met while teaching in that 

The Governor immediately acted upon Captain 
Munn's suggestion, and called Captain Grant to 
Springfield, where he arrived a few days later, 
and since then the name and fame of Ulysses S. 
Grant have been sounded around the world. It 
is often true that the slightest and most trivial 
causes lead to great results. History records 
where the destiny of a nation has been changed 
by the effect of a single sentence, uttered thought- 
lessly, and it may be true that the suggestion 
offered to Governor Yates by Captain Munn, not 
only brought Grant into a position where he was 
able to utilize his remarkable ability and genius, 
but also gave to the country a leader who was 
enabled to unite a disrupted people, and bring 
peace and prosperity to us once more. 

During the first year of the war, Captain Munn 
was in General Grant's command, and it may be 
stated here that Grant had no more faithful 
soldier under him than was he. In 1869, Captain 
Munn became a resident of Chicago, and during 
i872-'73, was deputy collector of internal 
revenue, and afterwards was assistant corpora- 
tion counsel of Chicago, under the late Hon. 
Jesse O. Norton, and was acting counsel for 



several months. In all these different capacities, 
whether acting for the public or for individual 
clients, he has devoted himself to the conscientious 
discharge of his duty, and has always been faith- 
ful and honorable. He has the respect of all 
members of his profession, and is esteemed by 
his extensive and ever-increasing clientage. 

For many years, Mr. Munn, in connection with 
Mr. Thomas E. Davis, of Washington, D. C., 
made a specialty of internal revenue practice, and 
collected from the United States Government 
large sums of money which had been collected 
from brewers and distillers upon erroneous assess- 
ments under the internal revenue laws. 

Captain Munn, true to the principles that were 

ingrafted into his heart in boyhood days, princi- 
ples that he always believed were founded in 
justice and truth, has always been an uncompro- 
mising Republican, and a believer in and an 
advocate of Republican doctrines ; and, although 
he has always taken an active part in political 
campaigns, he has never sought any office or 

Such is the biography of a man who started in 
life with a capital consisting only of health, 
ambition and determination, and, who, using 
these qualities to good advantage, has not only 
reached a high place in his profession, but has 
also won the confidence and respect and esteem 
of his fellow-citizens. 



IT would be impossible within the scope of a 
biographical sketch of this character, to more 
than outline the life-work of the prolific inventor 
and manufacturer, James Caldwell Anderson. 

The public records of the Patent Office of the 
United States give abundant evidence of his 
genius, and a full description of his inventions 
alone would take volumes if recorded separately. 
As a manufacturer, he stands, to-day, pre-emi- 
nently the leader in his chosen field of industry. 

Born in the Monongahela Valley, Pennsyl- 
vania, August 13, 1838, of American parentage, 
although of Scotch-Irish descent, he developed 
from early childhood a passionate love of me- 
chanics, and the playhouse of the child was a 
miniature workshop which was never abandoned, 
but grew in novel mechanical appliances with the 
man. So the playwheels set in motion by the 
boy. developed into the most intricate and pow- 
erful machinery of the present time. 

Owing to the protracted illness and death of 
his father, he was, at the early age of sixteen, 
compelled to take a man's place and begin the 
struggle of life in earnest, which led up a few 
years later to large manufacturing enterprises re- 
quiring much of construction and invention of 
versatile scope, among which was the metallurgy 
of steel and other metals. 

Added to this experience was an ardent love 

for his native Pennsylvania hills, with their up- 
turned and tilted strata exposed to view with the 
other ores of the metals, abundant clay and clay 
shale deposits, rich in aluminum metal, appeal- 
ing to the inventor to solve the problem of its 
extraction, giving it such an irresistible charm 
that he pursued this line of investigation until it 
led to another invention of what is known as 
the dry clay process, by which brick and other 
like clay articles are manufactured with a beauty 
of finish and solidity of texture never before at- 
tained. The invention involved numerous other 
' inventions of powerful machinery, apparatus, and 
processes, for which he has been granted more 
than one hundred patents, and which has practi- 
cally revolutionized the art of brick making in 
this country. 

.By the state of the art no brick were produced 
prior to Mr. Anderson's invention, having a body 
color other than that of the natural clay, and the 
clays of Chicago burned only a white or buff 
color, while the clays of Philadelphia, and adja- 
cent thereto, burned a beautiful red, a color then 
much sought after. Hence the red bricks from 
Philadelphia were shipped to this market at great 

These circumstances induced Mr. Anderson to 
establish his first plant at Chicago, which was 
done in 1879, at which time Mr. Anderson, with 





his family, became a resident of Highland Park, 
selecting this lovely suburb in Lake county for its 
high elevation above the lake and picturesque 
ravines, which reminded him of the hills and val- 
leys of his old Pennsylvania home. 

Mr. Anderson possesses the rare combination 
of talents, which denotes not only an eminent 
inventor, but also an excellent business man. He 
is an indefatigable and ceaseless worker, one who 
is never more happy than when busily employed 
in solving some knotty problem in mechanics, or 
making improvements in the various devices in 
which clays are a prominent factor. Having in- 
domitable will power and a keen insight into 
character, he is a master among men. The soul 
of honor, he is thoroughly scrupulous in all his 
transactions. An artist by nature, the bent of 
his mind is decidedly artistic. 

A genial, modest, and refined gentleman, it is 

not surprising that Mr. Anderson possesses so 
many warm friends and admirers, while his hospi- 
tality is proverbial, and his interest on behalf of 
those who need it, is both practical and sincere. 
Eminent as an inventor, and highly esteemed by 
all who enjoy his personal acquaintance, James 
Caldwell Anderson has carved for himself a prom- 
inent place in the temple of fame. The architect 
of his own fortunes, he has given to the world, in 
his inventions, a legacy that will perpetuate his 
memory among many generations yet to come. 

He was married, July 26, 1860, to Amanda S. 
Birmingham, of Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, daughter of Dr. Samuel Birmingham. Two 
children, a daughter and son, were born unto 
them. Lillie Eva married Dr. Charles F. Mc- 
Gahan, now of Chattanooga, Tennessee ; James 
Franklin married Jennette L. Lewis, of Racine, 
Wisconsin, and resides at Highland Park, Illinois. 



HENRY IVES COBB was born in Brook- 
line, Massachusetts. Having received a 
thorough preliminary education, he entered Har- 
vard University, taking the literary and scientific 
course. His preliminary architectural training 
was received at the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology and in Europe. Entering the office 
of one of the leading architects of Boston, he 
soon rose to a prominent position among the 
architects of the United States. In 1881, he 
visited Chicago and designed and superintended 
the construction of the Union Club House. The 
demand which then arose for his services was 
such as to warrant him in locating there perma- 
nently. Since that time he has ranked as one of 
the most skillful architects in this country. 

In 1882, Mr. Cobb married Miss Emma M. 
Smith, a daughter of the late Augustus Smith, 
Esq., a prominent attorney of New York City. 
They have six children : Henry Ives, Jr., Cleve- 
land, Leonore, Candler, Elliot and Priscilla. 

Mr. Cobb is one of the National Board of 
Architects of the World's Columbian Exposition, 
1893. Among the many notable buildings which 
Mr. Cobb has designed, and which are conspicuous 

monuments to his skill and enterprise, are the 
Owings building, Adams and Dearborn streets, 
Chicago, a magnificent structure, and where his 
offices are located ; the Chicago Opera House, 
the Kinzie Hotel, the St. Charles Roman Catholic 
Buildings, the Chicago Athletic Association Club 
House, the Newberry Library building, and 
Cook County Abstract building. Outside of 
Chicago may be mentioned as the work of Mr. 
Cobb: The Knoxville Hotel, Knoxville, Tenn., 
probably the largest building in that State ; the 
Bishop Hospital, Pittsfield, Mass.; the South San 
Francisco Co. buildings, a whole town of build- 
ings designed by him, at South San Francisco, 
California; Blackstone Memorial buildings, 
Brantford, Conn.; Donald Fletcher's residence, 
Denver, Colorado ; Watkin's Bank building, 
Lawrence, Kansas, one of the finest structures in 
the State. 

He has been a great traveler, having traveled 
over the civilized world, and has visited every 
important library in making a study of libraries. 
Every other year he goes to Europe for study, 
research and investigation in connection with 
professional work. 

i 7 6 


For about five years, beginning with 1882, he 
had a partner and conducted his business under 
the firm name of Cobb and Frost. Since the 
year 1887, however, he has been in business by 

Mr. Cobb is a man of robust constitution, easy, Club of Chicago. 

graceful demeanor, cool and deliberate, yet active 
and energetic, a man who involuntarily impresses 
his hearers with his ir tellectual worth. He is a 
member of the Chicago, University and Union 
Clubs and president of the Mascoutah Kennel 



AS early as 1730, there came to America an 
English family by the name of Hedges. 
There was also another English family here be- 
fore the Revolutionary war, which was noted in 
the person of Sir Charles Parker, who com- 
manded a fleet before Boston harbor in that war. 
Sprung from this brave ancestry were, respec- 
tively, Elias S. Hedges and Rebecca Parker, from 
whose union came the subject of this sketch. 

Samuel Parker Hedges was born July 23, 1841, 
in Sinclairsville, Chautauqua county, New York. 
After graduating from the public schools he pre- 
pared for college at the Jamestown Academy. 
He had just entered the office of his uncle, Dr. 
W. S. Hedges, of Jamestown, to begin the study 
of medicine, when there was issued by President 
Lincoln a call for additional soldiers to carry on 
the late Civil war. A true patriot, he laid aside 
his books and enlisted as a private in the one 
hundred and twelfth regiment of New York Vol- 
unteer Infantry, entering service on the 23d day 
of July, 1862, the same being his twenty-first 
birthday. From private to sergeant and orderly- 
sergeant, were quick promotions. His superior 
officers being disabled he commanded his com- 
pany in the battle of the Deserted House, and 
won a second lieutenant's commission. Soon 
after, he was made aide-de-camp on the staff of 
Brigadier-General R. S. Foster, and later, first 
lieutenant and adjutant of his regiment. 

In 1864, Foster's brigade, under the command 
of Gen. Butler, was operating on the James River, 
and on May i6th of that year, Lieut. Hedges was 
captured by the confederates. Three weeks in 
Libby Prison, two months at Macon, five weeks 
at Savannah and two months at Charleston, S. C., 
exposed to the Union batteries, were followed by 
a winter in the open fields across Siluda River. 

After ten months, the confederates, unable to 
provide even the most wretched fare for the four- 
teen hundred prisoners, offered a parole if they 
would bind themselves to abstain from service 
against the confederacy. Not a man would take 
the oath, and they were finally turned loose nine 
miles from Wilmington, North Carolina. When 
Lieut. Hedges went into prison his weight was 
one hundred and forty pounds. On the day 
he dragged himself to Wilmington he weighed 
barely eighty-seven pounds, and he has never en- 
tirely recovered from the effects of his captivity. 
He closed his career under the Union flag as 
captain of his company. 

After the war he resumed the study of medi- 
cine in the Cleveland Homoeopathic College, tak- 
ing his degree in 1867, at Hahnemann Medical 
College, Chicago, where, from 1869 to 1874, he 
filled the chair of general and descriptive anato- 
my. In 1887 and in 1890, he was made chair- 
man of the Bureau of Gynsechology in the 
American Institute of Homoeopathy. He was 
secretary and president of the Cook County 
Homoeopathic Medical Society, and has been 
president of the Illinois State Homoeopathic 
Medical Society, and an esteemed member of 
many others. 

Dr. Hedges has traveled all over the United 
States and Canada, but it was in his native State 
that he found his wife, Miss Rachel Danforth, 
daughter of Dr. E. H. Danforth, of Jamestown. 
Mrs. Hedges, a graduate of Mt. Holyoke Sem- 
inary, is devoted to her domestic affairs, and is 
highly valued in her church, and as a Bible 
teacher. From this union have been born nine 
children, of whom five are now living, viz. : 
Corinna, aged sixteen ; William E., aged fifteen; 
Robert D., aged thirteen ; Grace, aged twelve, 



and Samuel G., aged seven. Dr. Hedges has one 
brother who lives in Dakota, and who is surveyor 
of his county, and an irrigation engineer. 

In 1872, Dr. Hedges was made a Master Ma- 
son at the Lincoln Park Lodge, No. 611. He 
has always been a staunch Republican, although 

Probably in no capacity is Dr. Hedges more 

appreciated than as a church-member. He is an 
Elder and Sunday-School Superintendent in the 
First Presbyterian Church, of Lake View, and is 
known as an earnest and active worker, and a 
generous giver to every worthy cause. As a 
physician, he ranks among the eminent of his 
profession ; as a man, he is honored and trusted, 
and beloved by all who know him. 



THE subject of this sketch is one of seven 
brothers whose name and fame have be- 
come world-wide in connection with elegant, 
finely appointed hotels. 

He is a native of the Green Mountain State, 
and was born at Landgrove, June i, 1845, the 
son of Aaron P. and Submit (Arnold) Leland, 
both of whom were natives of New England. 
Aaron P. Leland was an extensive stage proprie- 
tor and mail contractor fifty years ago, and well 
known in the New England States and New York 
as an energetic, thorough-going business man, and 
about 1810 Simeon Leland, his father, opened 
the Green Mountain Coffee House. His great- 
grandfather, the Rev. Aaron Leland, was a noted 
Baptist minister and author, of Berkshire county, 
Mass. He was a man of large brain, great sagac- 
ity and strong will power, and had a great 
influence among the common people of western 
Massachusetts in the early days of the Republic. 
In 1801 he sent Thomas Jefferson, then just 
seated in the presidential chair, a cheese, out of 
pure regard for the author of the Declaration of 
Independence. The Leland family came origi- 
nally from England, two brothers coming to this 
country soon after the settlement of Plymouth 
and Boston. The maternal grandfather of our 
subject was Judge Samuel Arnold, of London- 
derry, Vermont, an eminent jurist of his day. 
When our subject was quite young, the family 
removed to Ohio, and afterwards to New York. 

Grandfather Simeon Leland had six sons, Lewis, 
Aaron P., Simeon, William, Warren and Charles. 
The last four became noted and successful hotel- 
keepers. Of these six, but one is now (1892) alive, 
viz., Warren Leland, formerly of the Grand Union 

Hotel of Saratoga, now Oglethorpe Hotel, Bruns- 
wick, Ga. The father of our subject, Aaron P. 
Leland, ultimately located near Newburgh, Ohio, 
and engaged in stock raising. Our subject's 
brothers were : John, who died at an early age; 
Lewis, formerly of the Sturtevant House, New 
York City ; Horace, of the Sturtevant, and also of 
the Leland Hotel, at Springfield, Illinois, who 
died in August, 1889; George S., formerly of the 
Sturtevant, who died in August, 1881 ; Jerome, 
formerly of the Sturtevant, and the Columbian, 
at Saratoga, New York, who died in April, 1884, 
and Charles E., proprietor of the Delevan, at 
Albany, the Clarenden, at Saratoga, New York, 
and the Portland Hotel, at Portland, Oregon. 

In 1852 Warren, being then fifteen years old, 
went to New York City and took a humble posi- 
tion in the Metropolitan Hotel, of which his four 
uncles were then proprietors. Beginning in the 
store-room, he was gradually promoted until, in 
1866, he had the honor of holding the position of 
room clerk. In that year he went, in connection 
with his brother Horace, and opened the Leland 
Hotel, of Springfield, Illinois, but in 1867 re- 
turned to the East and took the position of chief 
office man in the Delevan House at Albany, New 
York, of which his brothers, Charles E. and 
Lewis, were proprietors. In 1872 he became a 
partner in the business, and remained there until 
1880, when he sold his interest to his brother 
Charles, his brother Lewis having previously 
withdrawn from the firm. Removing to Chicago 
in 1 88 1, Mr. Leland purchased the Gardiner 
House property, reconstructed the interior, hand- 
somely refitted and furnished it, and opened what 
has since been known as the Leland Hotel. 



As a business venture, the enterprise has been 
eminently successful and profitable, the invest- 
ment having more than doubled in value. 

Mr. Leland was married December 16, 1868, to 
Miss Isabella C. Cobb, of Cleveland, Ohio, a lady 
of education and refinement. They have four 
children, viz.: Warren, Fannie A., Ralph C. and 
Helen M. 

Mr. Leland is a member of the Calumet Club, 
Washington Park and Kenwood Clubs, and of the 
Masonic order, being a Knights Templar. He is 
identified with the Republican party, and takes 
much interest in local and national politics, but 
has always declined office, both civil and political. 

He holds to the Protestant faith in religious 
matters, but is not identified with any denomina- 
tion, being somewhat liberal in his views. 

Mr. Leland was largely instrumental in procur- 
ing the location of the last three national conven- 
tions at Chicago, viz.: the Republican and Demo- 
cratic conventions of 1884, and the Republican 
convention of 1888. He also took a prominent 

part in securing the location of the World's Co- 
lumbian Exposition at Chicago. He has taken 
an active interest in preserving the Lake Front 
Park, and has been tireless in his efforts to pre- 
vent encroachment thereon. The Leland Hotel 
is located at the corner of Michigan avenue and 
Jackson street, overlooking this park, and giving 
a delightful view of Lake Michigan. 

Mr. Leland is a genial, companionable gentle- 
man, with quick perception in looking after the 
details of his business, always watching for the 
comfort and welfare of his guests. His hotel is 
always in perfect order, and it is but just to say 
that the " Leland " of Chicago, for home com- 
forts and good living, is second to no hotel on the 
American continent. It is wonderfully popular 
with the traveling public, and particularly with 
that large class whose opportunities aptly qualify 
them to be judges of what constitutes a good 
hotel in all its appointments and equipments the 
commercial travelers. All unite in saying the 
" Leland" is one of the finest. 



OF all the prominent insurance companies and 
their managers, located or having Western 
departments in Chicago, there are none more 
prominent, more successful, or better known than 
is the subject of this sketch Abram Williams, 
born March 31, 1830, at Utica, N. Y. His 
father was Abraham B. Williams, one of the 
State Canal Commissioners. His paternal grand- 
father was a prominent minister amongst the 
Baptist denomination of that State ; he came to 
this country from Chester, England, in 1795; his 
mother was Olive Barnum, of Danbury, Con- 
necticut, daughter of Ezra Barnum, a clergyman, 
who took active part in the Revolutionary war. 

Educated in the common schools and acade- 
mies of his native town, Utica, N. Y., at the age 
of fourteen young Williams left school, having 
acquired a good common school education, and 
being desirous of making his own way in life, for, 
on the death of his father, in 1844 (our subject 
being just then fourteen years of age), the task 
of supporting a family of five children devolved 

upon his mother, who, be it said to her credit, 
carried out this task in an exemplary and thor- 
ough manner. One of his brothers, Nelson G., 
being educated at West Point, afterwards be- 
came colonel of the Third Iowa Regiment, 
and was promoted to brigadier-general for gal- 
lant service at the battle of Shiloh. His three 
sisters have all done well, received a good educa- 
tion and have been prominent in their own circles 

Deciding to try his luck in the great city of 
New York, young Williams, with but a few dol- 
lars in his pocket, proceeded there, and after much 
effort for he was young and inexperienced 
he obtained a situation with Peter Murray, im- 
porter of fancy goods, notions, etc., Maiden 
Lane, New York City, remaining here for a 
number of years. Subsequently he became a 
a buyer for Wm. H. Gary & Co., who conducted 
a business of a similar nature, and in 1852 
formed the house of Sheldon, Harris & Williams, 
Liberty street, New York. This business grew in 





proportions ; success attended their efforts. In 
fact, the trade they did became of such import- 
ance as to warrant their establishing, in 1854, a 
branch house in Paris, and here Mr. Williams for 
some 'time resided. But his attention to his 
duties and the business affairs generally of the 
house had been such that at length his health 
gave way, and he was forced to relinquish his 
connection with the firm. Going west in 1856 he 
settled at Dubuque, Iowa. Two years later this 
city underwent a severe financial crisis, and Mr. 
Williams, amongst the other prominent mer- 
chants of the city, was for a time considerably 
embarrassed, but he manfully determined to per- 
severe ; he brought to bear upon his business 
renewed energy, and the result was that by 1860 
he had wiped out every debt he had, through 
these unfortunate circumstances, contracted. 
Though in accomplishing this he was left virtu- 
ally without a dollar of available capital with 
which to restart. Appointed, however, a deputy 
court clerk this year, he occupied this position 
until he entered the army, in 1862. 

Commissioned first lieutenant in the Sixth 
Iowa Cavalry, he was ultimately promoted to 
Chief of Cavalry on Gen. Alfred Sully's staff. In 
the winter of 1864-5, being assigned to additional 
duties of (A. A. Q. M.) Acting Assistant Quarter- 
master, the active and energetic manner in which 
he filled this position, and the ingenuity, tact 
and great determination he displayed in deal- 
ing with the recreant Illinois Central Railroad at 
this time, who much embarrassed the government 
by their seemingly stubborn behavior, received 
the highest commendation all this is a mat- 
ter of military history. He took possession of 
their road as far as the necessity of government 
service and facility required, and also of the 
railroads of Iowa, shipped the grain required to 
Cairo, kept up the supply and thus carried out 
the orders and commands of his superior officers. 
This course, though it necessitated or rather 
resulted in considerable inconvenience to the 
numerous shippers along these roads, it was, 
nevertheless, unavoidable. The people, and 
through them the government, required certain 
supplies, and this fact alone was sufficient legally. 
The necessity was great, the cause just, and the 
end in view certainly justified the means. The 
railroad companies appealed to General Pope, and 

he undertook to rescue them from Assistant Quar- 
termaster Williams' hold, but his attempt was 
futile, for the Quartermaster determined to hold 
them, and he did hold them until the supply had 
been shipped, and General Thomas' Army of the 
Tennessee was thus enabled to continue its 
campaign. For this, Mr. Williams received the 
commendations of his superior officers, though 
the railroad company sued the government for 
heavy damages, with what result is not known. 

His term of service expiring in 1865, he re- 
turned to Dubuque, Iowa, and here became con- 
nected with the insurance business, becoming 
general agent for the Yonkers and New York 
Fire Insurance Co., of New York. In 1869 the 
States of Ohio and Michigan, and all the States 
and Territories west, were added by this com- 
pany, the head offices being then removed to 
Chicago, Mr. Williams himself locating here in 
August of this year, continuing its successful 
career. In the great fire of 1871, Mr. Williams 
was crippled, and forced to have recourse to 
the use of crutches for over two years, owing 
to his endeavors- during the fire to save his com- 
pany's books and valuable documents, etc. In 
1874 the Continental Fire Insurance Company, 
of New York, appointed him their Western man- 
ager, in which position he continued until the fall 
of 1884, when he was offered and accepted a 
similar position with the Connecticut Hartford 
Company, organizing its Western department, 
its business at this time amounted to but a 
little over two hundred thousand dollars, while 
now it has so grown and developed that at present 
it amounts to over six hundred thousand dol- 
lars! Truly a phenomenal growth! He is still 
its Western manager. He has also held the 
office of president of the Northwestern Associa- 
tion of Fire Underwriters. Prominent, also, in 
social circles, he has been a vice-president of the 
Iroquois Club. He is a member of the Union 
League and Calumet Clubs. A warden of Grace 
Episcopal Church, he has, for sixteen years, been 
an officer of this church. A man of much cul- 
ture, he has traveled extensively, both in this 
country and in Europe. 

In politics a Democrat, measures and men, 
rather than party, have his strongest support. 

Married, in 1852, to Miss Frances S. Raynolds, 
of Rochester, N. Y. Mrs. Williams is a daughter 

1 84 


of William L. Raynolds, a prominent merchant 
engaged in forwarding, shipping, etc. They have 
had four children, two of whom are dead. His 
son, Nelson B. Williams, is an iron merchant and 
warehouseman in this city, his daughter, Frances 
J., is a resident at home. 

Of much ability, general worth and of social and 
commercial prominence, Abram Williams stands 
high amongst the citizens of Chicago, and as a 
thoroughly representative citizen of this great 
city he is entitled to a place amongst her repre- 
sentative men. 



Ebenezer and Hannah Proctor Fisk, was 
born in Hopkinton, New Hampshire, February 
1 6, 1820. On his father's side, his lineage is 
traceable to Symond Fisk, Lord of the Manor of 
Stradhaugh, Parish of Laxfield, County of Suf- 
folk, England, who lived in the reigns of Henry 
IV and V (from A. D. 1399 to 1422). 

He entered Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., 
in the autumn of 1835. Having no pecuniary 
resources with which to acquire a liberal education, 
he engaged alternately in teaching and study 
until he entered Yale College, in 1845. At his 
graduation, in 1849, he was the valedictorian of 
his class. He was graduated at the Yale Divinity 
School in 1852; was tutor in Yale College from 
1851 to 1853 ; attended lectures in Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary from January to May, 1853, and 
traveled in Europe from May till November of 
that year. Compelled by disease of his eyes to 
give up, for a time, the hope of entering the min- 
istry, he declined several invitations to important 
pastorates and accepted the professorship of rhet- 
oric and English literature in Beloit College, Be- 
loit, Wisconsin, to which he had been appointed 
while abroad, entered upon its duties in April, 
1854, and continued in that position till July, 

He was elected, April, 1856, to the chair of 
sacred rhetoric in Chicago Theological Seminary, 
and was inaugurated April 28, 1859. He received 
the degree of doctor of divinity from Olivet Col- 
lege, Michigan, in 1865, and from Yale University 
in 1886, also the degree of doctor of laws from 
Beloit College in 1888. In the autumn and winter 
of 1871-72, he attended lectures in the University 
of Berlin, after which he spent a year in traveling 
in Europe, Egypt and Palestine. 

In 1887 he became president o.f Chicago Theo- 
logical Seminary, with which he was connected 
as professor for thirty-three years. His lectures 
on homiletics have been published in a manual of 
preaching, which is used as a text-book in several 
institutions. He has been conspicuous, also, in 
aiding to secure the endowment and equipment 
of the Seminary. This "School of the Prophets" 
has a standing not inferior to that of any theo- 
logical seminary in this country. It was organ- 
ized in 1854 by a convention of the Congrega- 
tional churches of the Northwest. It opened its 
doors for students in 1858, and has since had 
remarkable growth and prosperity. The youngest 
but one of the seven Congregational theological 
seminaries in the United States, it has now the 
largest number of students. To its English 
departments, with their nine professors and in- 
structors, there have been added German, Swed- 
ish, and Dano-Norwegian departments, with six 
professors and instructors. It has graduated four 
hundred and eighty-three students, and about one 
thousand have been connected with its classes 
for a longer or shorter period. They are now 
laboring successfully in nearly every State and 
Territory of the Union, and in many foreign fields. 
Its buildings Keyes Hall, Carpenter Hall, and 
Fisk Hall, beautifully located opposite Union 
Park furnish ample study and dormitory rooms 
for the accommodation of two hundred and ten 
students, besides chapel, lecture, and reception 
rooms, professors' studies, treasurer's office, gym- 
nasium, etc. Hammond library, with its more 
than eleven thousand volumes, and its reading- 
room well supplied with a large variety of the 
best newspapers and periodicals, has room for 
fifty thousand volumes. The board of direc- 
tors of the Seminary, twenty-four in number, 


i8 7 

represent Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, 
Iowa, Missouri, Minnesota, Kansas, Nebraska, 
North and South Dakota, Colorado and Wyo- 
ming. Its board of examiners are appointed by 
the several State associations, and through its tri- 
ennial conventions, which elect the directors, the 
Seminary is kept in vital connection with the 
churches. At this date, 1892, the permanent 
productive endowments of the Seminary amount 
to four hundred and eighty-eight thousand two 
hundred and twenty-nine dollars. The estimated 
value of its buildings, grounds, etc., is three hun- 
dred and eight thousand two hundred and twenty- 
nine dollars, and its miscellaneous assets thirty- 
five thousand four hundred and twenty-seven 
dollars. The officers of the board of directors 
are William E. Hale, Esq., president ; Messrs. E. 
W. Blatchford and H. N. Holden, vice-presidents; 

Rev. G. S. F. Savage, D.D., secretary, and Mr. 
H. W. Chester, treasurer. Its faculty comprises 
Professors Franklin W. Fisk, George N. Board- 
man, Samuel I. Curtiss, Giles B. Willcox, Hugh 
M. Scott, George H. Gilbert, J. Edward Hermann, 
Reinert A. Jernberg, Fridolf Risberg, Caleb F. 
Gates, Magnus E. Peterson, J. R. J. Anthony, 
Marcus W. Montgomery, Edward T. Harper, and 
O. C. Grauer. 

In 1854, President Fisk was united in marriage 
with Mrs. Amelia A. Austin, daughter of the late 
George Bowen, Esq., of Woodstock, Connecticut. 
Mrs. Fisk died in May, 1881, and in December, 
1885, he married Mrs. S. J. Hitchcock, daughter 
of Deacon Elijah Gardner, of Lake Geneva, Wis- 
consin. Three children were born to him by his 
first marriage Franklin Proctor, Amelia Maria, 
and Henry Edward. 



IN the spring of 1715 the treacherous tribe of 
the Yemasses, made a sudden and unex- 
pected attack upon the colonists of the Carolinas, 
resulting in the massacre of over four hundred 
persons and the burning of hundreds of homes. 
An organized force was raised by the colonists 
and led by Colonel Scales against the Indians, 
who were defeated and chased through the wilder- 
ness across the Florida border. This is the first 
record we have of the Scales family in the Caro- 
linas, whose lineage runs back amongst the oldest 
of the early settlers. The family was not only 
prominent in the defense of the colony, but was 
intimately connected with the progress and devel- 
opment of that commonwealth. Colonel Samuel 
H. Scales, the father of the subject of this sketch, 
was born in Carolina and inherited valuable plan- 
tations, which for years he successfully cultivated. 
In 1826 he removed to La Fayette county, Wis- 
consin, where he at once identified himself with 
the farming and mining interests of the district. 
Here Frank was born, February ipth, 1848, on 
his father's farm, and remained there until he was 
seventeen years old. 

The opportunities for education forty years 
ago, on a Wisconsin farm, were few, and the 

amount limited, yet it is a remarkable fact that 
many of the ablest men of this century are those 
who had these difficulties in early life. Young 
Scales received his elementary education by pri- 
vate tuition and at the public school. When old 
enough he assisted on the farm in summer and 
went to school in winter. He was physically strong 
and well developed and had both facility and 
success in study often doing as much in the 
winter half as other boys could complete in 
the whole year. His ability and aptitude was 
easily recognized and he was sent to Chicago to 
study, where he completed his course in 1866. 
He was then entered at the University of George- 
town, D. C. Amongst his fellow-students he was 
very popular by his social habits and cheerful dis- 
position, his quiet but earnest application to study, 
and by his fondness for and success in outdoor 
sports. His professors had a high opinion of 
him, not only because he was an industrious and 
docile pupil but because of his cheerful and 
honorable character. He finished his university 
course in 1868 with honor, and immediately se- 
lected the law as a profession. In order to carry 
out this resolution he entered the law office of 
Messrs. Knowlton and Jameson, of this city, and 



there studied the principles and practice of law. 
Gifted with an excellent memory, a clear under- 
standing and a firm will, he readily mastered the 
principles of his chosen profession. He was ad- 
mitted to practice by the late Judge McAllister 
in 1870. His thorough knowledge of the prin- 
ciples of common law and his facility in applying 
them, was easily recognized by the able lawyers 
with whom he studied, and they readily admitted 
him to the firm, which from that time became: 
Knowlton, Jameson & Scales. His untiring in- 
dustry and natural ability soon gained for him a 
high position at the Cook County bar, where he 
has practiced uninterruptedly for twenty-one 

In 1871 an incident occurred that tested the 
grit of the young lawyer. In the fire of that year 
the firm lost its extensive library and valuable 
papers. To increase the difficulty, Judge Knowl- 
ton retired from the firm through ill health, and 
Mr. Jameson was elected City attorney. This 
crisis only brought out more clearly the strength 
of character and indomitable energy of Mr. Scales. 
He continued the work alone, built up a lucrative 
practice and earned a high reputation. Since that 
time he has been engaged in some of the most 
important cases of litigation that have come before 
the Cook County bench. He was the leading 
counsel in the litigated case of the estate of Dean 
Richmond, which involved very large interests, 
and although opposed by lawyers of the very 
highest reputation he came out of the contest 
successful. He was also engaged in the Gage 
real estate case, where, in conformity with his argu- 
ment, it was settled that when real estate was sold 
for taxes it should henceforth be the duty of the 
county clerk to include all subsequent taxes in the 
claim. This settled a question of very great im- 
portance to the owners of real estate; and for his 
able statement and argument Mr. Scales received 
great credit. During late years Mr. Scales con- 
fined himself to office practice. As a lawyer he is 
ready in his application of the fundamental prin- 
ciples of law, exhaustive in his examination of a 
subject, painstaking in weighing and comparing 
authorities, simple and concise in his arrangement 
of facts, and clear and logical in his deductions. 
His statement of a case is natural, forcible and 
convincing. As an orator he stands high in his 
profession, but he prefers logic to poetry and is 

more willing to quote Blackstone than Shakes- 

In politics he is a life-long democrat. While 
tolerant and liberal with those who differ from 
him, he is an earnest and able exponent of the 
principles of his party. He seeks no office out- 
side his profession. In October, 1890, the Demo- 
cratic party unanimously selected Mr. Scales as 
their candidate for the County Court bench of 
Cook County, and they secured his election the 
following month by a very large majority. This 
honor and well-deserved preferment was conferred 
upon him unsolicited and was accepted as a proof 
that his practice as a lawyer and his conduct as a 
democrat was considered honorable and honest. 
Since his elevation to the bench Judge Scales has 
won for himself golden opinions. Impartial in 
the discharge of his duty, and kind in his manner, 
he receives with ease and dignity the humblest 
individual that appears in his court. While always 
affable and courteous, he sets a high standard of 
professional ethics. His decisions are delivered 
in the most concise form consistent with an easy 
and graceful style. Simple, lucid, perspicuous and 
bearing evidence of care and study. When we 
consider the various and important duties of the 
County Court Judge, which in addition to the 
common law cases which necessarily come before 
him, and also the duties of the Election Board of 
which he is ex-officio the presiding officer, he has 
also the insane and the support cases, the in- 
solvency, voluntary assignment-and imprisonment 
for debt cases; to which we may add the examina- 
tion of requisitions, assessments and taxes; we have 
to admit that the time of the Judge is fully occu- 
pied and that to accomplish its many duties satis- 
factorily deserves the greatest credit. Amongst 
the very able men who have presided in this court 
no one has received higher encomiums from the 
press, the people and the profession than its 
present occupant, and we believe that the desire is 
to request him to retain the position he so ably 

Judge Scales is about forty-three years of age, 
above the average height, well proportioned, with 
pleasing and expressive features. He is graceful 
and dignified in manner and never seems more at 
ease than when presiding over his court and guid- 
ing, checking and encouraging the galaxy of talent 
that practice there. The Judge is well versed in 



general literature and spends much of his leisure 
in the study of classic authors. He married in 
1872 and resides on the West Side with his accom- 

plished wife and daughter. An affectionate hus- 
band and an indulgent father, he delights to sur- 
round his family with every comfort and luxury. 



THE gentleman whose name heads this article 
is a prominent lawyer at the Chicago bar. 
He is very adroit in the management of cases, and 
he has a power and quickness of repartee and an 
ability to adapt himself to emergencies, that are 
singularly effective in his clients' interests and de- 
structive to the plans of opposing counsel. He is 
an able advocate, ready, fluent and logical. He is 
thoroughly posted in all of the intricacies of his 
profession, being familiar with the authorities and 
can readily support his propositions with decisions 
directly in point. He is a good judge of human 
nature, and his cross-examinations show him to be 
master of the art. 

Our subject is a native of Massachusetts, and 
was born at Orange in that State August 4, 
1843, an d i s the fourth son of Humphrey and 
Sophronia A. Smith. He was liberally and thor- 
oughly educated, having graduated with honors 
from Middlebury College, Vermont, in 1866. 

Like many other sons of New England who 
have risen in the world, he commenced life as a 
teacher. In that capacity he was in charge of 
Newton Academy at Shoreham, Vt., until 1867, 
when he came to Chicago. 

He entered the office of J. L. Stark as a student, 
and assiduously applied himself to the study of 
the rudiments of his profession, and in 1 868 he was 
admitted to the Illinois bar. He aftenvards be- 
came a partner of Mr. Stark under the firm name 
of Stark & Smith, and so continued until Mr. 
Stark's death in 1873. He succeeded to his business, 
retaining all of the clients who patronized the firm 
during the lifetime of his former partner. Mr. 
Smith has steadily pursued the practice of the law, 
and has been amply repaid for his diligence and 
close attention to the interests of his clients. He 
now enjoys an extensive practice in the State and 
Federal courts and has an excellent clientage. 

Mr. Smith is a gentleman of fine address, is a 
pleasant companion, and knows how to gain the 

respect and friendship of all. He has a refined 
literary taste, is fond of music and the fine arts, 
and is the owner of an extensive and well-chosen 
law library, and also of a large collection of books 
devoted to literature and science, and in fact every- 
thing to the taste of a highly cultivated gentle- 
man. Although very liberal in assisting those who 
come to him in need, he is never ostentatious or 
fond of parade, but he quietly gives in obedience 
to his inborn generous impulses and his strict sense 
of justice. 

The following extract from the Undergraduate, 
a paper published at Middlebury College, shows 
how Mr. Smith has ever been regarded by those 
who know him best : " When in college Abner 
Smith was a candid, earnest, substantial and relia- 
ble young man and student, and has maintained 
that character to this day. He evidenced in col- 
lege the possession of abilities which would enable 
him to rise to and above the average in whatever 
profession he might choose to follow, which he has 
done in the profession of the law. He has never 
aimed at ephemeral brilliancy or signal momen- 
tary results, but a thoughtful and careful avoid- 
ance of fatal mistakes and permanent achieve- 
ments. He has succeeded in all respects which 
constitute success of an attorney-at-law ; a result 
attained by devotion to his profession and close 
attention to business. This outcome is not the 
result of chance, but eventuates from his native 
abilities which he has cultivated and given direc- 
tion to, and he has made good use of his oppor- 
tunities. In the walks of life where intelligence, 
honor and manliness are regarded for what they 
are worth, he has by the practice of these virtues 
attained an honorable position at the bar and in 
the community, and won the respect of all who 
know him. He is a noteworthy and creditable 
alumnus of his alma mater." 

Mr. Smith is attorney for the National Life 
Insurance Company of Vermont, and is the attor- 



there studied the principles and practice of law. 
Gifted with an excellent memory, a clear under- 
standing and a firm will, he readily mastered the 
principles of his chosen profession. He was ad- 
mitted to practice by the late Judge McAllister 
in 1870. His thorough knowledge of the prin- 
ciples of common law and his facility in applying 
them, was easily recognized by the able lawyers 
with whom he studied, and they readily admitted 
him to the firm, which from that time became: 
Knowlton, Jameson & Scales. His untiring in- 
dustry and natural ability soon gained for him a 
high position at the Cook County bar, where he 
has practiced uninterruptedly for twenty-one 

In 1871 an incident occurred that tested the 
grit of the young lawyer. In the fire of that year 
the firm lost its extensive library and valuable 
papers. To increase the difficulty, Judge Knowl- 
ton retired from the firm through ill health, and 
Mr. Jameson was elected City attorney. This 
crisis only brought out more clearly the strength 
of character and indomitable energy of Mr. Scales. 
He continued the work alone, built up a lucrative 
practice and earned a high reputation. Since that 
time he has been engaged in some of the most 
important cases of litigation that have come before 
the Cook County bench. He was the leading 
counsel in the litigated case of the estate of Dean 
Richmond, which involved very large interests, 
and although opposed by lawyers of the very 
highest reputation he came out of the contest 
successful. He was also engaged in the Gage 
real estate case, where, in conformity with his argu- 
ment, it was settled that when real estate was sold 
for taxes it should henceforth be the duty of the 
county clerk to include all subsequent taxes in the 
claim. This settled a question of very great im- 
portance to the owners of real estate; and for his 
able statement and argument Mr. Scales received 
great credit. During late years Mr. Scales con- 
fined himself to office practice. As a lawyer he is 
ready in his application of the fundamental prin- 
ciples of law, exhaustive in his examination of a 
subject, painstaking in weighing and comparing 
authorities, simple and concise in his arrangement 
of facts, and clear and logical in his deductions. 
His statement of a case is natural, forcible and 
convincing. As an orator he stands high in his 
profession, but he prefers logic to poetry and is 

more willing to quote Blackstone than Shakes- 

In politics he is a life-long democrat. While 
tolerant and liberal with those who differ from 
him, he is an earnest and able exponent of the 
principles of his party. He seeks no office out- 
side his profession. In October, 1890, the Demo- 
cratic party unanimously selected Mr. Scales as 
their candidate for the County Court bench of 
Cook County, and they secured his election the 
following month by a very large majority. This 
honor and well-deserved preferment was conferred 
upon him unsolicited and was accepted as a proof 
that his practice as a lawyer and his conduct as a 
democrat was considered honorable and honest. 
Since his elevation to the bench Judge Scales has 
won for himself golden opinions. Impartial in 
the discharge of his duty, and kind in his manner, 
he receives with ease and dignity the humblest 
individual that appears in his court. While always 
affable and courteous, he sets a high standard of 
professional ethics. His decisions are delivered 
in the most concise form consistent with an easy 
and graceful style. Simple, lucid, perspicuous and 
bearing evidence of care and study. When we 
consider the various and important duties of the 
County Court Judge, which in addition to the 
common law cases which necessarily come before 
him, and also the duties of the Election Board of 
which he is ex-officio the presiding officer, he has 
also the insane and the support cases, the in- 
solvency, voluntary assignment-and imprisonment 
for debt cases; to which we may add the examina- 
tion of requisitions, assessments and taxes; we have 
to admit that the time of the Judge is fully occu- 
pied and that to accomplish its many duties satis- 
factorily deserves the greatest credit. Amongst 
the very able men who have presided in this court 
no one has received higher encomiums from the 
press, the people and the profession than its 
present occupant, and we believe that the desire is 
to request him to retain the position he so ably 

Judge Scales is about forty-three years of age, 
above the average height, well proportioned, with 
pleasing and expressive features. He is graceful 
and dignified in manner and never seems more at 
ease than when presiding over his court and guid- 
ing, checking and encouraging the galaxy of talent 
that practice there. The Judge is well versed in 



general literature and spends much of his leisure 
in the study of classic authors. He married in 
1872 and resides on the West Side with his accom- 

plished wife and daughter. An affectionate hus- 
band and an indulgent father, he delights to sur- 
round his family with every comfort and luxury. 



THE gentleman whose name heads this article 
is a prominent lawyer at the Chicago bar. 
He is very adroit in the management of cases, and 
he has a power and quickness of repartee and an 
ability to adapt himself to emergencies, that are 
singularly effective in his clients' interests and de- 
structive to the plans of opposing counsel. He is 
an able advocate, ready, fluent and logical. He is 
thoroughly posted in all of the intricacies of his 
profession, being familiar with the authorities and 
can readily support his propositions with decisions 
directly in point. He is a good judge of human 
nature, and his cross-examinations show him to be 
master of the art. 

Our subject is a native of Massachusetts, and 
was born at Orange in that State August 4, 
1843, an d is the fourth son of Humphrey and 
Sophronia A. Smith. He was liberally and thor- 
oughly educated, having graduated with honors 
from Middlebury College, Vermont, in 1866. 

Like many other sons of New England who 
have risen in the world, he commenced life as a 
teacher. In that capacity he was in charge of 
Newton Academy at Shoreham, Vt., until 1867, 
when he came to Chicago. 

He entered the office of J. L. Stark as a student, 
and assiduously applied himself to the study of 
the rudiments of his profession, and in 1868 he was 
admitted to the Illinois bar. He afterwards be- 
came a partner of Mr. Stark under the firm name 
of Stark & Smith, and so continued until Mr. 
Stark's death in 1873. He succeeded to his business, 
retaining all of the clients who patronized the firm 
during the lifetime of his former partner. Mr. 
Smith has steadily pursued the practice of the law, 
and has been amply repaid for his diligence and 
close attention to the interests of his clients. He 
now enjoys an extensive practice in the State and 
Federal courts and has an excellent clientage. 

Mr. Smith is a gentleman of fine address, is a 
pleasant companion, and knows how to gain the 

respect and friendship of all. He has a refined 
literary taste, is fond of music and the fine arts, 
and is the owner of an extensive and well-chosen 
law library, and also of a large collection of books 
devoted to literature and science, and in fact every- 
thing to the taste of a highly cultivated gentle- 
man. Although very liberal in assisting those who 
come to him in need, he is never ostentatious or 
fond of parade, but he quietly gives in obedience 
to his inborn generous impulses and his strict sense 
of justice. 

The following extract from the Undergraduate, 
a paper published at Middlebury College, shows 
how Mr. Smith has ever been regarded by those 
who know him best : " When in college Abner 
Smith was a candid, earnest, substantial and relia- 
ble young man and student, and has maintained 
that character to this day. He evidenced in col- 
lege the possession of abilities which would enable 
him to rise to and above the average in whatever 
profession he might choose to follow, which he has 
done in the profession of the law. He has never 
aimed at ephemeral brilliancy or signal momen- 
tary results, but a thoughtful and careful avoid- 
ance of fatal mistakes and permanent achieve- 
ments. He has succeeded in all respects which 
constitute success of an attorney-at-law ; a result 
attained by devotion to his profession and close 
attention to business. This outcome is not the 
result of chance, but eventuates from his native 
abilities which he has cultivated and given direc- 
tion to, and he has made good use of his oppor- 
tunities. In the walks of life where intelligence, 
honor and manliness are regarded for what they 
are worth, he has by the practice of these virtues 
attained an honorable position at the bar and in 
the community, and won the respect of all who 
know him. He is a noteworthy and creditable 
alumnus of his alma mater," 

Mr. Smith is attorney for the National Life 
Insurance Company of Vermont, and is the attor- 



ney of the Life Indemnity & Investment Company 
of Iowa, and one of the directors of the last named 
company, and is also the attorney for the Lake 
View Telephone Exchange, which covers the north- 
ern portion of the dty of Chicago. He is a stock- 
holder in the Duluth & Winnipeg Railroad, a road 
well advanced in construction, enjoying the benefit 
of a land grant and opening up a good country, 
shortening the distance between Duluth and Win- 
nipeg (when finished) 150 miles; and he is one of 

the directors in the North Star Construction Com- 
pany, which is building the Duluth & Winnipeg 
Railroad and operating that road. 

In political sentiments Mr. Smith is a Repub- 
lican, but he finds in the midst of the multiplicity 
of duties in his profession but little time to devote 
to that subject. 

He was married October 5, 1869, to Miss Ada 
C. Smith, daughter of Sereno Smith, of Shore- 
ham, Vt. 



Barnard, Vermont, in the year 1835. His 
grandfather, Dr. Isaac Danforth, was one of the 
most eminent physicians in Vermont, and was 
one of the founders of the medical department 
of Dartmouth College. In the early history of 
Massachusetts, one of the doctor's ancestors, 
Nicolas Danforth, who, in 1634, immigrated from 
Framhingham, England, was one of the Colonial 
legislators and one of the twelve organizers 
and incorporators of Harvard University. Nico- 
las Danforth had three sons: Thomas, Samuel 
and Jonathan. Thomas was most eminent. He 
was treasurer of Harvard for years; treasurer of 
Suffolk county for many years ; deputy governor 
of Massachusetts Bay Colony ; one of the first 
judges of the Colonial courts; first president of 
the Colony of Maine; and was also leader of the 
rebellion against Sir Edmund Andros, heading a 
deputation that sent Sir Edmund into confine- 
ment until he was recalled by his government. 
The second son, Samuel Danforth, a dissenting 
minister, was a colleague of the apostle Elliott, 
who translated the Bible into the Indian lan- 
guage, and according to the testimony of Cotton 
Mather was one of the most eminent and enlight- 
ened divines of his time. Jonathan Danforth was 
a surveyor, well known in his time. He laid out 
and was called the father of the town of Billerica, 
Massachusetts. He was a prominent citizen of 
Massachusetts and a captain in the militia taking 
part in the Indian wars. 

In later times, the history of that branch of the 
family to which our subject belongs has been 

closely connected with that of the State of Ver- 
mont, where his relatives have stood among the 
first in social, professional and public life, num- 
bering among them several physicians of local 

Mr. Albert H. Danforth, the father of our sub- 
ject, and now residing with him, was born in the 
year 1808, at Barnard, Vermont, whence he re- 
moved to New Hampshire in the year 1846. He 
was a member of the State legislature and held 
all the responsible offices in the gift of his 
adopted town. He is a man of retiring dispo- 
sition, of unblemished reputation, and now, enjoy- 
ing the confidence of all who know him, is living 
a serene old age, ready to go whenever the sum- 
mons shall come. Dr. Danforth's mother, Elvira 
(Bosworth) Danforth, was born in Royalton, Ver- 
mont, and died at an early date, when but thirty- 
three years of age. Her ancestry were originally 
well-to-do English farmers. Dr. Danforth has 
one brother, Charles B., who is a prosperous mer- 
chant in Dedham, Massachusetts. His only sis- 
ter, Elvira, who died in 1884, was the wife of Mr. 
John L. Skelton, a well-known resident of Chi- 
cago, and brother of Doctor Danforth's wife. 

The early education of our subject was ob- 
tained in the common schools of Vermont and 
New Hampshire, and in one or two terms of 
academic study although he has since come to 
regard the educational system of those days as 
practically worthless. Owing to a disastrous 
indorsement of a note, by which his father lost 
all his property, young Danforth was obliged to 
begin earning his livelihood at the age of thirteen. 



He first entered a retail grocery, then a dry goods 
house, and lastly tried book-keeping, and in these 
several vocations succeeded in demonstrating his 
conspicuous unfitness and his utter dislike for 
mercantile pursuits. At last, following his early 
taste for literature and science, at the age of 
twenty-three he began the study of medicine in 
the office of his Uncle Samuel P. Danforth, M. 
D., of Royalton, Vermont. He studied part of 
the time in the office of Nathaniel Tolles, M. 
D., of Claremont, New Hampshire, and attended 
two courses of lectures in the medical depart- 
ment of Dartmouth College, where, in his second 
term, he was assistant to Professor Albert Smith 
in the chair of Materia Medica. He was gradu- 
ated in 1861, second in his class, and commenced 
practice in Greenfield, New Hampshire, where he 
endeared himself to the people in his four years' 
sojourn among them. He next went to Phila- 
delphia and spent a winter in study, and in 1866 
settled in Chicago, where he has risen to emi- 
nence both as a practitioner and teacher of med- 
icine. In 1867 he was given the lectureship on 
chemistry in Rush Medical College; in 1869 that 
of general pathology, which he held ten years, 
being then made professor of pathology, which 
position he resigned one year later. In the 
meantime he was made professor of general 
pathology in the Woman's Medical College, of 
Chicago, and held that position until 1886 when 
he resigned, being then made professor of renal 
diseases in the same college, which position he 
still holds (1892). After resignation in Rush 
Medical College he was elected professor of 
clinical medicine in the Chicago Medical College, 
and also for two years held the chair of renal 
diseases in the didactic course, from which he 
was compelled to resign because of over-work and 
press of private business. 

Dr. Danforth was formerly attending physician 
to the Central Free Dispensary, of which he was 
one of the founders, in company with Professor 
H. M. Lyman and R. M. Lackey, under the name 
of The Brainard Free Dispensary. He is con- 
sulting physician to the Illinois Charitable Eye 
and Ear Infirmary. In 1870 was elected patholo- 
gist to St. Luke's Hospital, and on the death of 
Dr. Heydock was elected attending physician, a 
position which he still holds. Probably in none 
of his offices does Dr. Danforth take more pride 

than as physician and chairman of the medical 
board of Wesley Hospital. This noble institu- 
tion is really a child of his own heart, founded 
through his instrumentality and maintained 
largely by his liberality of tjme, money and tal- 
ent. Dr. Danforth is a member and ex-president 
of the Chicago Pathological Society ; a member 
of the Chicago Medical Society; of the Illinois 
State Medical Society; of the Illinois State Mi- 
croscopic Society ; of the American Medical 
Association ; and of the Association of American 
Physicians, of which the membership is limited to 
one hundred. He is also a member of the La 
Salle Club. 

In 1886 Dr. Danforth received his degree of A. 
M. from Dartmouth College. He was made a 
Mason in 1863 at Altamont Lodge, A. F. & A. 
M., New Hampshire. He has been an extensive 
traveler in the United States and Europe, visiting 
England, Scotland, Ireland, Germany, Holland, 
Belgium and France. Always a devoted, loyal 
member of, and liberal contributor to, the church, 
he has been a steward or trustee and regular at- 
tendant of the Centenary Methodist Episcopal 
Church for twenty years. Dr. Danforth has 
always been a staunch Republican, having voted 
first for General John C. Fremont, and for every 
Republican candidate for the presidency since, 
although in local elections he votes for honesty 
and ability rather than party. He has never as- 
pired to political preferment, being in a rare 
degree devoted to professional work. Dr. Dan- 
forth is a man of much magnetic power, a fluent 
spea~ker, having a ready command of language 
and expressing his ideas with force and clearness. 
Accomplished and refined in every fibre of his 
being, his clientage is among the highest circles 
of the city. No ordinary practitioner, but well 
known in the profession as having risen to the 
dignity of independent work and original discov- 
ery, few men have better succeeded in attaining 
their ideals or fulfilling their aspirations than Dr. 

In 1869 Dr. Danforth was married to Miss 
Elizabeth Skelton, a daughter of Rev. John 
Skelton, a Methodist preacher, whose wife was a 
woman of rare literary accomplishments, and 
from her Mrs. Danforth probably inherits her 
intellectual qualities. Mrs. Danforth is a woman 
of broad education and superior accomplishment, 



herst, Lorain Co., Ohio, where his father had pur- 
chased a farm. At that time, about sixty years 
ago, they found the place partly occupied by an 
Indian camp. The Bryants, however, had very 
little trouble with the red men, who remained for 
some time as friendly neighbors. Henry received 
his early education in a log school house and, 
when old enough, he worked on the farm in sum- 
mer and went to school in winter. When four- 
teen years old, he attended the public school and 
the seminary at Norwalk. Having acquired some 
proficiency in elementary subjects, he taught 
school for a time, and then, desiring to complete 
his studies and prepare himself for a teacher, he 
entered college at Cleveland. After finishing his 
studies, he took a position with a business house, 
and after acquiring a thoroughly practical knowl- 
edge in this house, he took a position as college 
professor and proved himself a painstaking, me- 
thodical and successful teacher. The principal of 
the college soon after retired, and young Bryant, 
together with Mr. Henry D. Stratton, with whom 
he entered into partnership, became proprietors 
of the first of the now famous Bryant and Strat- 
ton Colleges. This was in 1853. Such was its 
success and their encouragement, that another 
college was opened in Buffalo, in 1854. This was 
followed by the Chicago College, which was 
opened in 1856, Philadelphia in 1857, and so on 
until in 1864 there were forty-eight colleges located 
in the principal cities of the United States and 
Canada. There were at that time two hundred 
and fifty teachers engaged, and fully thirty thou- 
sand business men held the college diplomas. 
The course of study and the system of manage- 
ment were uniform throughout the entire chain of 
colleges, so that students removing from one city 
to another could be transferred if they so de- 
sired. The death of Mr. Stratton, who was a 
man of indomitable energy and perseverance and 
of great executive ability, in 1867, threw the 
whole responsibility of this large business on Mr. 
Bryant. Acting for himself and for the estate of 
his deceased partner, Mr. Bryant now disposed of 
all the colleges except that in Chicago, which he 
himself retained and has since conducted under 
the name of The Bryant and Stratton Business 
College of Chicago. It is located on Washington 
street near the Lake Front. The -premises are 
spacious and suitable, the teaching staff large and 

efficient, and the attendance of students large and 
constantly increasing. The study rooms are 
elaborately furnished and afford ample accommo- 
dation for over one thousand pupils. During the 
thirty-five years of its existence, the Chicago col- 
lege has had amongst its students some of the 
most representative and successful merchants of 
that city. Many improvements have been made 
in the text books and in the course of study, yet 
the method and system remain as originally 
adopted by Mr. Bryant. 

His success in business has enabled him to be- 
come the owner of a large amount of real estate 
in Chicago, and this interest alone would be 
ample to take the time of its owner, were he 
willing to give it, for its management and devel- 
opment, but Mr. Bryant takes such pride in the 
practical education of young men and women 
that he gives his time and thoughts to - the fur- 
ther development of his great institution, making 
his other interests of secondary consideration. 

He is the author of a work on commercial 
arithmetic and of a system of book-keeping, and 
has had prepared under his supervision a treatise 
on commercial law and a series of interest tables. 
The latter is considered so complete and correct 
that it has been adopted for use by the United 
States Treasury Department, and is now used in 
most of the banks of the United States. 

Although over sixty years of age, Mr. Bryant 
looks much younger, and is the picture of robust 
health. He is active, energetic and devoted to 
his. work. He is quiet, unassuming and agreeable 
in manner; laconic, pleasing and interesting in 
conversation. His extensive reading and great 
experience render him a ready and reliable au- 
thority in his profession. As a painstaking, ear- 
nest and efficient teacher, he attracts the attention 
and gains the esteem of his students. He might 
appropriately adopt as his motto : "Suaviter in 
modo, for tit cr in re." 

In May, 1854, Mr. Bryant married, in Cleve- 
land, Ohio, Miss Lucy A. Stratton, sister of his 
late partner. They have had a family of two 
sons and one daughter. His eldest son, Mr. H. 
W. Bryant, is connected with the institution as 
secretary and junior partner. .He is a young man 
of much ability, a graduate of Harvard Univer- 
sity, and has proved himself a successful educator. 

In the death of his wife, in 1873, Mr. Bryant 


I 99 

suffered one of those afflictions to which all must 
submit. She was an amiable lady, a devoted wife 
and an affectionate mother, whose loving voice 
and gentle nature are sadly missed by her children 
and her husband. 

The Commissioners of the World's Columbian 
Exposition have paid Mr. Bryant a very high 
compliment in appointing him a member of the 
World's Congress Auxiliary. That body will con- 

sist of men from the various countries of the 
civilized world, selected because of their emi- 
nent knowledge of the subject which they repre- 
sent. Their duty will be to compare the progress 
of science, art and literature, and to discuss the 
most approved methods of education, etc. Mr. 
Bryant is not only a member of the general com- 
mittee, but is also a member of the committee on 
special education, institutions, etc. 



IT is rare, in business circles, to find a man who 
has during life crept up from messenger boy 
to president of the Board of Trade, and who has 
found time to devote himself to the fine arts. 
Such is the case in the career of Charles D. Hamill, 
who, while applying himself earnestly to business, 
has become a recognized critic, connoisseur and 
collector in art and a liberal patron of music, and 
one to whom Chicago is largely indebted for the 
rapid growth of musical and art education. 

Charles D. Hamill was born November 14, 
1839, at Bloomington, Ind. His father, Dr. Rob- 
ert C. Hamill, was a successful medical practi- 
tioner in this city, where he resided uninterruptedly 
from 1852 until his death in 1888. 

Young Hamill, in 1847, commenced his educa- 
tion in a private school taught by the Rev. A. M. 
Stewart. This school was held in the basement 
of the old First Presbyterian Church, a frame 
building that stood on Clark near Washington 
street. After a year in Chicago he was sent back 
to Bloomington, where he remained at school 
until he was thirteen years old. Soon after his 
return to Chicago, young Hamill became mes- 
senger boy in the dry goods house of L. D. Olm- 
sted & Co., of Lake street, and received the 
munificent sum of fifty dollars per annum. He 
was afterward employed by Messrs. T. B. Carter 
& Co., where by diligence and ability he rose to 
the position of cashier. We next find him clerk 
in the Bank of Commerce, and then paying teller 
in the Western Marine Insurance Company's Bank. 
This position he filled with credit for several 
years, when, in 1864, he resigned to become part- 
ner in the firm of Singer & Co., provision mer- 

chants. This was the beginning of Mr. Hamill's 
long, successful and honorable business career. 

We may mention here parenthetically that, 
with the exception of John De Koven, Orson 
Smith, Charles B. Farwell, Frank Sherwood, and 
probably one or two others, the bank clerks con- 
temporary with Mr. Hamill are either dead or 
have left the city, but those who remain have 
attained a high position in the financial world. 

In 1873 Mr. Hamill's health failed him, and by 
the advice of his physician he made a visit to 
Europe. In two years he returned entirely re- 
stored to health, and immediately entered into a 
partnership with James Van Inwagen to do a 
commission business under the name of Van In- 
wagen & Hamill. This partnership continued 
until 1882, and the firm had the reputation of 
doing the largest business on the floor of the Ex- 
change. After this firm was dissolved, Mr. Hamill 
managed his commission business alone for two 
years, and then became a partner of George J. 
Brine. In 1887 Mr. Brine retired from the busi- 
ness, and Mr. Hamill's son Robert became a part- 
ner under the name of Charles D. Hamill & Co., 
which firm still continues. 

Mr. Hamill, whose long and honorable business 
career in this city has won for him a wide circle 
of friends, has just received from his commercial 
associates a very high compliment and a very 
strong expression of their confidence, esteem and 
friendship by his election as president of the 
Chicago Board of Trade. This tribute of the 
bankers and merchants of the city was well de- 
served, and is the just reward of business integrity, 
warm-hearted friendship and broad and liberal 



principles. In the prime of life, in the enjoyment 
of robust health, and trained in business methods 
and principles, he brings to his presidential duties 
not only the precepts of commerce but the cour- and culture of a gentleman. 

Mr. Hamill is a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the Washington Park Club, which he 
helped to organize. He is also a member of the 
Chicago Club since 1875 and has served as a direc- 
tor and as vice-president ; a member of the Chicago 
Literary Club, the Tolleston Club, the Calumet, 
a director of the Chicago Orchestra Association, 
president of the Twentieth Century Club, and a 
trustee and member of the executive committee 
of the Art Istitute. 

During his long and busy life Mr. Hamill has 
been a great lover of music, and has used his 
ample means liberally to encourage and his cul- 
tured taste to create a classic and true appre- 
ciation of art in this city. He was quite a 
young man when he first became interested in 
musical affairs. His associates were young men 
of musical tastes, in whose companionship his 
cultured mind received a bent for music and fine 
arts that succeeding years have only tended to 

strengthen. In 1858 he was a delegate to the 
first musical convention held in Chicago, a charter 
member of the Mendelssohn Society, and his con- 
nection with the famous Apollo Club dates from 
its organization, and for many years he was chair- 
man of its musical committee. He organized the 
musical festivals which Theodore Thomas directed 
with so much success. Mr. Hamill's friendship 
for this celebrated musical director dates back to 
1859, and to him more than to any other individ- 
ual belongs the credit of establishing the Chicago 
Orchestra, which made Director Thomas a prom- 
inent addition to the Chicago musical world, 
and induced him to make this city permanently 
his home. Mr. Hamill has a great liking for rare 
etchings and valuable paintings, and at his beau- 
tiful home on Prairie avenue may be seen some 
of the rarest specimens of etchings that can be 
found in the West. His present superb collec- 
tion is the result of years of careful selection, and 
is probably the finest in this city. 

Mr. Hamill was married in 1861 to Miss Susan 
Walbridge, daughter of Hon. Henry S. Wai- 
bridge, of Ithaca, N. Y. Five sons and one 
daughter are the result of this union. 



AMONG the many prominent men of Chicago 
who have been the pioneers of their own 
fortunes, there is perhaps no name that is more 
widely known than that of Michael Cudahy. He 
was born at Callan, an historical old town, County 
Kilkenny, Ireland, December /th, 1841. 

His mother's people were residents for some 
time of Dublin, but later removed to Callan, where 
they established a pottery for the manufacture of 
crockery. His father, Patrick Cudahy, believing 
that the new world offered better inducements for 
advancement, if not for himself at any rate for 
his family, decided to emigrate hither, and, to- 
gether with his wife, Elizabeth (Shaw) Cudahy, 
and family, came to America in 1849, an d shortly 
afterward located at Milwaukee, Wisconsin. It 
was in that city that young Cudahy got his first 
insight into the packing house and stock-yard 
work. Doing chores about the slaughter houses 

and attending school between times, he acquired 
the rudiments of a simple education, which he 
improved upon as opportunities offered in later 

When but fourteen years of age, he entered the 
employ of Messrs. Layton & Plankinton, pack- 
ers, Milwaukee, and when nineteen years old, ac- 
cepted a position with Ed. Roddis, packer, also of 
Milwaukee, remaining with the latter until the 
business was closed out in 1866, when he went 
into business for himself; but Mr. Fred Layton, of 
Milwaukee, offered him sufficient inducements to 
dispose of his business and to enter the employ 
of Layton & Co. as private meat inspector, at the 
same time securing for him the position of meat 
inspector on the Milwaukee Board of Trade. 

Mr. Cudahy received much practical encourage- 
ment from Mr. Layton ; their associations were 
cemented by a close friendship, and of this Mr. 



Cudahy has always been duly sensible. In 1869, 
he accepted a position with Messrs. Plankinton 
& Armour, Milwaukee, Wis., and took charge of 
their packing house, which at that time consisted 
of a small frame building; the whole plant, includ- 
ing machinery, would not exceed the value of 
$35,000, but has since grown to be one of the larg- 
est packing establishments in the country. His 
success in the management of this business was 
such that, in 1873, Mr. P. D. Armour offered him, 
and he accepted, a partnership in the now cele- 
brated firm of Armour & Co., of Chicago, a firm 
which is the largest of its kind in existence, and 
whose fame is known throughout the civilized 
world With a thoroughly practical knowledge 
of the business in all its branches, Mr. Cudahy 
took control of the stock-yard end of the enter- 
prise, and for nearly seventeen years he has been 
the ruling spirit in its practical management. 

He was appointed chairman of the committee 
formed to solicit subscriptions from the packers 
for the World's Columbian Exposition. 

In politics he is a Democrat, though not an ex- 
tremist, preferring to give his support to the best 
men of either party. 

In religious matters he is a Catholic, and a con- 
sistent member and liberal supporter of his church. 
In sentiment a thorough American, he loves his 
adopted country, and is a great admirer of its 
noble institutions. 

He was married, in 1866, to Miss Catherine 
Sullivan, a daughter of Mr. John Sullivan, a well- 
to-do farmer, residing near Milwaukee, Wis. The 
union has been blessed by seven children, four 
daughters and three sons. The eldest daughter, 
Elizabeth, is the wife of Mr. Wm. P. Nelson, one 
of Chicago's successful business men. Mrs. Cud- 
ahy is a lady of many estimable qualities, exceed- 
ingly charitable and kind to the poor, and thor- 
oughly devoted to her family, all of whom are 
finely educated and are thoroughly conversant 
with the accomplishments of the day. 

Mr. Cudahy is the eldest of four brothers and 
one sister, Catherine, who is now in the convent 
of the Good Shepherd, Milwaukee, Wis., William 
having died when thirty-seven years of age. John 
and Patrick succeeded John Plankinton & Co., 
formerly Plankinton & Armour, of Milwaukee, 
in their packing business, under the firm name of 
Cudahy Brothers. Patrick resides in Milwaukee ; 

John resides in Chicago. The latter is more 
prominently identified with Chicago packing in- 
terests. He was formerly associated with Mr. 
Chapin, as Chapin & Cudahy, but for the past 
twelve years he has been operating very success- 
fully alone as John Cudahy, packer. 

Edward A. is a partner with our subject, form- 
ing the corporation of the Cudahy Packing Co., 
Omaha, Nebraska, which, before the withdrawal 
of Mr. P. D. Armour from the firm, was the 
Armour-Cudahy Packing Co. E. A. is well known 
in business circles as an unusually bright and ener- 
getic business man. He resides at Omaha, where 
they have a large and rapidly increasing packing 
and provision business. They have been located 
there only three years. An idea of the extent of 
their interests may be gained from the fact that 
their distributive sales the past year amounted to 
$13,471,000, and their pay-roll reached the sum 
of $700,000. 

Mr. Cudahy has but recently withdrawn from 
the firm of Armour & Company, Chicago Nov- 
ember, 1890. It was a business association which 
had borne good fruit and had been profitable to 
both alike, and in speaking of this separation 
Mr. P. D. Armour says: " He leaves me after a 
connection honorable throughout, devoid of any 
clash, rich, prosperous and with an enviable repu- 
tation in the business world." 

Personally, Mr. Cudahy is a man of exceed- 
ingly robust constitution and fine physical propor- 
tions ; he is of a social disposition, and takes 
considerable interest in all manly sports ; he is 
also a lover of the fine arts and has an especial 
fondness for music, for which he has a natural 
instinct. Possessing in no small degree the wit 
and exuberance of spirits so characteristic of his 
race, he is a genial companion, a pleasing conver- 
sationalist and warm friend. Devoid of preju- 
dice, he is not easily swayed, determination 
being one of his chief characteristics. Thorough 
and cautious in his dealings, his judgment is sound 
and sure. He is generous in his contributions to 
all objects of a worthy and benevolent character, 
and takes great pleasure in befriending and plac- 
ing in positions such young men as he may deem 
worthy of his support ; and many young men 
owe to Mr. Cudahy their first start in life. 

He owes his present position to perseverance, 
hard work, mastery of the details of his business 



and determination to succeed. He has achieved 
that practical dexterity and thorough knowledge 
of his business which has placed him in the front 
rank amongst the citizens of Chicago and the 
packers of the world. A man of sterling worth, 
inflexible integrity and quiet manner, he leaves 
upon others the impress of his own character, and 
reveals by his life the power of a noble manhood. 
Since going to press we have received the an- 
nouncement of Sister Stanilaus' death, which 

occurred January 19, 1892, at the House of the 
Good Shepherd, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Her life 
was consecrated to a noble cause. In 1883 she 
became a sister of the Good Shepherd, which 
order she endowed with a handsome sum of 
money. The untimely death of one so good, so 
noble and true saddened many hearts. She was 
greatly beloved by those who knew her in the 
world as Miss Cudahy and by those who knew 
her in religion as Sister Stanilaus. 



THE Old Bay State has given to Chicago 
many sons and daughters whose indomita- 
ble enterprise, inherited from sturdy ancestors, 
has done much to raise her to the high place she 
holds among the cities of our land. Of that hon- 
orable number is the subject of this biography. 

John Quincy Adams is connected with the 
illustrious Massachusetts family of that name, his 
great-grandfather, William Adams, and John 
Adams, the second president of the United 
States, having been cousins. He was born No- 
vember 23, 1824, on a farm at Hopkinton, Massa- 
chusetts, twenty-eight miles from Boston. His 
parents' names were John and Johanna, whose 
offspring consisted of five sons and two daughters, 
John Quincy being the sixth child. John Adams, 
the father, died at the age of thirty-nine, when 
John Quincy was but five years old. He left but 
little property, and even the farm was under 
mortgage. Thus situated the family head re- 
moved, a debt as part of the heritage, a living for 
a large family to be gotten out of a small, and at 
best, unfertile piece of land John's opportunities 
for schooling were meager, and he was obliged to 
limit himself to from eight to twelve weeks at- 
tendance in winter at the district school, while 
the remainder of the year was spent in labor on 
the farm. This course was pursued until he at- 
tained his majority, when he attended the acade- 
my at Leicester, and later at Worcester, for a 
time paying his own expenses. After his school 
days were over, time went on uneventfully with 
John for several years. One by one, his elder 
brothers, attracted by the greater opportunities 

afforded in the West, had left the homestead and 
gone thither, and John Quincy being also seized 
with a strong desire to " go West," it was at last 
deemed expedient to sell the farm. This was 
done, and in 1851, accompanied by his mother 
and sister, he made what was then a long and 
tedious journey to the young city of Chicago, 
which was destined to be the scene of a remarka- 
bly successful career, far exceeding his greatest 
expectations. While having a fair, rudimentary 
education, he realized his deficiency in special 
business training, hence, wisely determined to de- 
vote his first winter in Chicago to a course of in- 
struction at Bell's Commercial College. After 
finishing his studies, he commenced his active 
business career by going to Belvidere and Rock- 
ford and buying grain for shipment to Chicago. 
Subsequently, from 1853 to 1855, he was in the 
coal business for himself in Chicago, having his 
yards on North Water street. He then formed 
a co-partnership with his brothers, B. and G. P. 
Adams, under the style of B. Adams and Com- 
pany, for the carrying on of the milling and grain 
business in Chicago. At the end of two years 
G. P. Adams withdrew, and the remaining broth- 
ers continued the business under the original firm 
name until the great Chicago fire of 1871, since 
which time our subject has conducted business en- 
tirely in his own name. 

Mr. Adams has been a member of the Board of 
Trade since the second year of its existence, the 
number of his membership ticket being nine. 
His dealings have been of the most extensive 
character; but in no case has he entered into 





any combination for the control of the market. 
It is related of him .that, in more than one in- 
stance, when an opportunity has been presented 
to him for manipulating the grain market with 
enormous gains for himself, he has resolutely 
refused to exercise his power to the disadvan- 
tage of others. Throughout his long career on 
'Change, his transactions have all been accord- 
ing to honorable methods, although this course 
has not always been unattended with sacrifice. 

But Mr. Adams' large wealth has not all, nor 
mostly, been acquired in the grain business. 
With great foresight and business sagacity, he 
early began to invest his surplus earnings in real 
estate, and that of the most valuable kind, im- 
proved Chicago business property, and he is to- 
day the fortunate possessor of several large build- 
ings on the principal business thoroughfares of 
the city, all of which are very profitable. 

Mr. Adams was united in marriage Jan. ipth, 
1859, with Miss Marilla F. Phipps, a daughter of 
William A. Phipps, of Hopkinton, Mass. Her 
grandparents were descendants of Sir William 
Phipps, a sea captain, and one of the earliest 
English settlers in Massachusetts. It is told of 
him, that under a commission from the English 
King, he recovered a large amount of treasure 
from a sunken Spanish vessel, and turned it over 
entire to the King, which act of fidelity so pleased 
his royal master that he graciously bestowed a 
knighthood upon him. In 1874, Mr. Adams' 
faithful companion was removed by death, and 
he has since remained single. Of four chil- 
dren born to them, two died in childhood, and a 
son and daughter are now living. The former, 
W. P. Adams, was educated in the public schools 
of Chicago and at Racine College. He is the 
proprietor and manager of an extensive farm of 
five thousand acres in Dakota. In 1889 it yielded 
a crop of one hundred thousand bushels of grain, 
and it is said* to be one of the finest and best 
equipped farms in the entire West. 

Since 1876, Mr. Adams has been a resident of 
Wheaton, a suburb of Chicago, where he owns a 
beautiful, modern home, with ample grounds, 
over which his daughter, Miss K. S. Adams, a 
lady of rare qualities and artistic tastes, grace- 
fully presides. She was liberally educated at 
Rockford and Vassar, and is a patron of the 
Chicago Art Institute. 

In 1883, Mr. Adams laid aside the cares of busi- 
ness long enough to make an extensive Euro- 
pean tour, visiting, besides Great Britain, France, 
Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, Italy, Greece, 
Turkey and other countries. His travels have 
also extended over a large part of the United 
States. In order to avoid the rigors of the North- 
ern winters, he has been obliged, for some years, 
to pass that season in the more salubrious climate 
of Florida, California or Texas. 

Mr. Adams is a Republican, but he is not a 
politician. He keeps himself thoroughly in- 
formed on the great political issues of the day, 
hence, is always able to vote intelligently. His 
retiring nature and thoroughly domestic qualities 
have caused him to decline all tenders of public 
office. With rare exceptions, night always finds 
him within the sacred precincts of his home. 

Mr. Adams is a regular attendant at the Con- 
gregational Church in Wheaton, of which he is 
a very liberal supporter. He is a true philan- 
thropist, and believes in making good use of 
his wealth while yet living. As a practical and 
most valuable illustration, he is erecting for his 
adopted city, Wheaton, at his sole expense, a 
magnificent public library building, fifty by sev- 
enty-five feet, to cost when finished, about sixty 
thousand dollars. The building, which will be of 
stone, will also contain a public hall. He has do- 
nated the library. The citizens of Wheaton will 
regard the beautiful and useful structure as an 
enduring monument which will keep alive the 
memory of the benefactor long after he shall have 
passed away. But Mr. Adams' philanthropy and 
benevolence are not directed exclusively to the 
rearing of a noble temple of literature, invaluable 
as it will be in its far-reaching results. His pri- 
vate donations to various charitable institutions 
of the city and to deserving needy persons, would, 
if enumerated, be further eloquent, as silent testi- 
mony to his generous and sympathetic nature. 
In summing up the character of John Quincy 
Adams, he may be said to be a man whose in- 
tegrity, whether tested in the numerous and ex- 
tensive transactions of an eventful commercial 
career, or in minor dealings with his fellow-men, 
has never been questioned ; a man who, while 
possessing to an unusual degree the ability to ac- 
quire wealth, happily combines with it a generous 
heart and open hand ; a man whose social quali- 



ties, strict habits, domestic tastes and personal 
bearing toward all, win for him universal esteem. 
He is, indeed, "a prophet" with "honor" " in his 
own country " as well as abroad. A quiet, though 
close student of current events, foreign and do- 
mestic, he is an interesting conversationalist, 

especially upon topics which affect our national 

The ambitious youth of to-day, who would 
profit by example, has in the life of John Quincy 
Adams an example of a self-made man, worthy of 



IN March, 1891, Mr. Cassette said to the writer: 
" I am a sick man, but people never so think 
of me." He was in his private office at 110-112 
Dearborn street, looking the picture of health 
large, full face, broad, heavy shoulders, strong, 
muscular limbs, clear, comprehensive intellect, and 
steady, resonant voice. Surprise was expressed 
at his remark. Then he spoke with calm resigna- 
nation of the physical organism which defied med- 
ical treatment. Thursday morning, March 26, 
1891, the older residents of Chicago, with whom 
he grew up, and hosts of others with whom he 
had enjoyed pleasant business and social relations, 
were amazed, shocked, grieved by the public 
announcement of his sudden and untimely death. 
A cold, la grippe, combined with unyielding ail- 
ments, did the fatal work in a few days, in the very 
presence of the best and most solicitous medical 
skill. During the last days of his office duties, he 
stated that he never desired to be made promi- 
nent in any one special work to the exclusion of 
his like interest and life's labors in other lines of 
effort, to which his best thought and tireless en- 
ergy had always been successfully given. His 
desire will govern in the preparation of this 

Mr. Cassette was born April 21, 1839, at Town- 
send, Vt. His parents were Silas B. and Susanna 
P. (Martin) Cassette. The family removed to 
Springfield, Mass. Here, Norman began his 
schooling at about four years of age, passed 
through the eleven grades, and was admitted to 
Parish's High School in his tenth year. In De- 
cember, 1849, the family came to Chicago, and 
Norman had the privileges of the Garden City 
Institute, Professor Hathaway 's Academy, and 
private instruction by Professor A. J. Sawyer, until 
his fifteenth year. Thence to Shurtliff College, 

Alton, 111., and the next year to the Atwater In- 
stitute, Rochester, N. Y. Here he compassed 
the curriculum of Harvard University under pri- 
vate tutors. 

The roar of cannon at Fort Sumter had now 
startled the whole land, and young Cassette's 
patriotism was fully aroused. June 17, 1861, he 
was mustered into his country's service as private 
of Company A, Nineteenth Illinois Volunteer 
Infantry. In July, he was with his regiment 
near the enemy's lines in Missouri. In 1862, for 
meritorious service, he was promoted to first 
lieutenant and assigned to staff duty as aide-de- 
camp. For special gallantry at the memorable 
battle of Chickamauga, his brigade, division and 
corps commanders, recommended his promotion 
in rank to brevet-lieutenant colonel. He was 
honorably mustered out in October, 1864, having 
faithfully served more than the " three years' " 
enlistment. During the next two years he com- 
pleted the full course in the law school of the 
University of Chicago, and was admitted to the 
bar. From 1866 to 1868, he was deputy county 
clerk with Gen. Edward S. Salomon, and had charge 
of the records in the county court before Judge 
James B. Bradwell. While discharging these 
duties he did full work every night in the Chicago 
postoffice, and supported his own and his father's 
family. In 1868, he was elected clerk of the Cir- 
cuit Court, and ex-officio recorder of deeds a 
" fee office." With the expiration of his term, 
December, 1872, the offices of clerk and recorder 
became distinct and the " fee " compensation abol- 
ished. He was an untiring worker in the Repub- 
lican party, and seven times chairman of cam- 
paign committees. One of these conducted the 
notable Farwell-Wentworth contest for Congress 
in the interest and election of Charles B. Farwell. 




After 1873, he retired from activity in the party 

In 1864, Mr. Cassette was raised a Master 
Mason in Blair Lodge, No. 393. Subsequently, 
he affiliated with Home Lodge, No. 508, until his 
death- His usual zeal procured his rapid ad- 
vancement through all the degrees to the Supreme 
Council, 33d degree A. A. S. Rite, Northern Ma- 
sonic Grand Jurisdiction, U. S. A. 

In June, 1874, he was elected prelate of the 
Apollo Commandery ; also for a second term. In 
December, 1875, he was chosen generalissimo, 
and in 1876, eminent commander, and, save for 
the year 1881, served until December, 1883. 
During this period he was chairman of the joint 
committee of management (of the three Chicago 
commanderies and the Grand Commandery of 
the State) to arrange for the Twenty-first Tri- 
ennial Conclave of the Grand Encampment of 
Knights Templar, U. S. A., held in Chicago in 

In 1883, the Apollo Commandery or one hun- 
dred and forty Templars and some twenty ladies 
visited Europe, the largest masonic body that 
ever crossed the ocean. Mr. Cassette, officially, 
had the chief responsibility again. Royal hospi- 
tality was extended to the pilgrims in London, 
Liverpool, and other large cities. At York they 
were given a great banquet by Ancient Ebor 
Preceptory in the Guild Hall, presided over by 
the Lord Mayor of York. With unalloyed pleas- 
ure, the Commandery returned to Chicago Sep- 
tember 17, 1883. 

Subsequently, Mr. Cassette held all the offices 
in the Grand Commandery, of Knights Templar of 
Illinois. As eminent grand commander, he took 
the Templars of Illinois, in 1889, to the Triennial 
Conclave at Washington, D. C. At the time of 
his decease, Mr. Cassette was president of the 
Masonic Fraternity Temple Association, and was 
in charge of its great enterprise erecting the 
Masonic Temple at the northeast corner of State 
and Randolph streets. Its corner-stone was laid 
November 6, 1890. The ground is 170x114. 
Its height gives eighteen stories. Solid and sym- 
metrical, it rivals " even cathedral spires or monu- 
mental shafts in its towering altitude." Its in- 
terior will be, substantially, a palace of marble. 
Its character, when finished, within as without, 
will be symbolical, as well as monumental, of its 

chief builder. An official report states that 
" most particularly the incomparable ability of 
Ill/.Bro. Norman T. Cassette to handle the finan- 
cial details of the project, has rendered possible 
the realization" of this wonderful work. 

The same enthusiastic labors have greatly aided 
other large enterprises and grand institutions with 
which he was long identified. The Grand Army 
of the Republic found him always a loyal and 
valuable friend. Death called him while he was 
commander of Columbia Post, No. 706, Dept. 
of Illinois. This post is thoroughly equipped, 
uniformed and drilled. Its members are of the 
highest social standing. His character and ad- 
ministrative ability were highly appreciated and 
utilized in the Immanuel Baptist Church. Dr. G. 
C. Lorimer, his late pastor, found in him a wise 
and devoted counsellor, and a brother beloved, 
and compared their friendship to the love of 
David and Jonathan. Mr. Cassette was chairman 
of the building committee, under whose direction 
their fine house of worship was erected some ten 
years since. Also, he was chairman of the 
finance committee which piloted the church 
through the shoals of debt to its present sound 
financial condition. 

His legal attainments were the foundation of 
his substantial prosperity. They were in active 
exercise in his official and political career. They 
furnished the special qualifications for the large 
transactions, involving millions, entrusted to his 
wisdom. The complex questions of title were ex- 
amined and adjusted by him with marked success. 
He was thus well equipped for his last business 
of mortgage banker and real estate in all its 

Mr. Cassette was an entirely self-made man, 
and none but those who knew his early struggles 
can award to him the meed of credit justly due 
him. Few men, not purely professional, had a 
broader culture or readier use of his mental furni- 
ture than he. 

He was a man of letters. His library is one of 
the best in this city. He bought books to read- 
history, science, literature and poetry. He had a 
marvelous faculty and facility for reading rapidly 
and making his own what he read. If he had any 
choice of subject for study, it was in the line of 
oriental literature and religious beliefs. He was 
especially interested in their symbolism and 



mystic elements. " Worship was to him a sub- 
ject of deep interest and study." He was thor- 
oughly acquainted, not only with the forms, but 
the symbolical meaning underlying those forms 
of both ancient and modern worship. He was a 
constant, intelligent and discriminating buyer of 
books. They were his daily companions, giving 
relief from business cares and recreation to his 
tired brain. Usually three to four hours of his 
evenings were devoted to reading and composi- 
tion. He was a prolific writer of verse as well as 
prose, beginning at an early age. Ballads, hymns 
and prose miscellany, over his own signature, and 
various noms de plume, through leading dailies and 
magazines, have had nearly a world-wide circula- 

tion. Among his writings are the history of 
Apollo Commandery, sketches in the history of 
the Grand Commandery of Illinois, and burial 
ritual in blank verse, used by Scottish Rite Ma- 
sons. Of his many hymns, the following has re- 
ceived special favor: 

" Lord above, to thee we kneel, 
To thy cross we cling." 

As a speaker, Mr. Cassette was happy, and a 
favorite for impromptu addresses. Also as an ora- 
tor for special occasions, his popularity made fre- 
quent requisitions upon him. 

His wife, nee Amelia L. Boggs, and two chil- 
dren survive him a son and a daughter, Wirt K. 
and Grace. Both have reached maturity. 



pastor of Trinity Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Chicago, was born in Orleans county, 
N. Y., January 4, 1851. His father, Leverett A., 
was born in 1821. In 1848, he married Miss 
Angeline Butterfield, daughter of Dr. Alex. But- 
terfield, of Olcott, N. Y. He became a merchant 
of Niagara county, N. Y., and later of Kankakee, 
111. In 1861, he was one of the proprietors of the 
Galena Courier. 

Both lines of Rev. Mr. Bristol's ancestry were 
Scotch and English, and for some generations, 
Methodists. His father died in 1863. Having suf- 
fered long from ill health, the family was left in cir- 
cumstances which required Frank to work for sev- 
eral years at whatever would aid in the needed sup- 
port. The year 1864 he spent at Rockford, 111., 
with his uncle, the Rev. W. B. Slaughter, D.D., 
attending the public school a portion of the time. 
The next six years witnessed various labors and 
struggles with his environments, culminating in 
the providential opening for the education he 
sought. In 1870, he entered the North-Western 
University, at Evanston, 111., with the view to 
prepare for the ministry. He graduated in 1877, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy. Since 
then, his alma mater has conferred upon him the 
honorary degrees of Master of Arts and Doctor of 
Divinity. By travel and study abroad he has de- 

veloped a taste for art and early English litera- 
ture, giving special attention to the study of 
Shakespeare. He has made quite an extensive 
collection of rare books and fine art, but only as 
supplementary to his broader ministerial work. 
He has twice been honored as a delegate of the 
Rock River Conference to the General Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in 
1890, was appointed the fraternal delegate of the 
General Conference to the General Conference of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. Mr. 
Bristol's pastoral work has been in Blue Island, 
Morgan Park, Joliet, Englewood and Chicago. 
He was appointed to the Wabash Avenue Church 
for 1879, and to 1882, thence to Trinity to 1885, 
to Grace to 1890, thence to Trinity again. 

May 9, 1878, Mr. Bristol married Miss Nellie 
Frisbie, of Morgan Park. They have three chil- 
dren, Leverett Dale, Raymond Wolcott and Har- 
low Butterfield. 

Mr. Bristol early gained high rank as a lecturer, 
writer and publicist. In the pulpit he is earnest, 
logical and eloquent, having attained an enviable 
reputation which places him in the forefront of 
noted clergymen. His devoted pastoral labors 
and winsome personal traits have made him a 
popular favorite, and greatly endeared him to his 
congregations. A testimonial, as marked as it is 
unusual, is his return, as soon as conference rules 

^mctm g, ag ftj, fo 




would permit, to the pastorate of Trinity Church, 
having the finest edifice, and most wealthy and 
cultured congregation among Chicago Methodists. 
In 1891, Dr. Bristol was elected president of the 
Chicago Preachers' Meeting. 

At this writing, 1892, he is in the prime of life, 
at the zenith of his powers for usefulness, loved 
by his people, in demand for great public occa- 
sions, of high reputation for generous, lovable, 
catholic Christianity, and in honor among his 
brethren in the great church of his fathers. 

Trinity Church had its beginning in 1855, as 
Clark Street Mission, organized in the Orphan 
Asylum on Michigan avenue, near Twenty-second 
street. In August, 1856, re-organized as St. Paul's 
M. E. Sabbath School, in a schoolhouse on In- 
diana avenue, near Twenty-second street. John 
Haywood was superintendent and Frank Carley 
secretary. In 1863, a church building, erected 
on Indiana avenue and Twenty-first street, was 
dedicated April 10, 1864, by Rev. T. M. Eddy, 
D.D. That year the Rev. C. H. Fowler had the 

official oversight. In the fall of 1864, Rev. John 
H. Vincent was appointed pastor; and in 1865, Rev. 
Wm. A. Smith ; in 1866, Rev. S. A. W. Jewett ; in 
1868, Rev. T. M. Eddy, D.D.; in March, 1869, 
Rev. E. B. Snyder, who was succeeded in autumn 
by Rev. J. H. Bayliss. The corner-stone of the 
fine house on Indiana avenue, near Twenty-fourth 
street, was laid October 5, 1870, by Bishop Janes, 
of New York. The fire of 1871 crippled the re- 
sources of the congregation, but the lecture room 
was dedicated January, 1872. After the fire of 
1871, the Wabash Avenue Church united with the 
Trinity. In 1872, Rev. S. M. McChesney became 
pastor; Rev. O. H. Tiffany, 1874-77 ; Rev. W. F. 
Crafts, 1877-79; Rev - R - B - Pope, 1879-82; Rev. 
F. M. Bristol, 1882-85 ; Rev. J. Alabaster, 1885-87 ; 
Rev. R. Pooley, 1887-88. The latter year Rev. 
Dr. Bristol was returned for the second pastorate, 
which he so eminently fills the worthy successor 
of a list of noble men who have adorned high ed- 
ucational and editorial, as well as ecclesiastical, 



JOHN J. P. ODELL, one of the most promi- 
nent financiers of Chicago, and president of 
the Union National Bank, was born in Eastport, 
Me., in 1847. 

He was reared and educated in the city of his 
birth, finishing his education in the high-school 
of that place. During the summers of his six- 
teenth and seventeenth years he accompanied 
the expeditions of the coast survey along the 
Atlantic seaboard, and studied the science of 

Upon finishing his school course in 1865, the 
Western fever having possessed him for some 
time, lie followed his inclination and removed to 

His first experience in business life in this city, 
which served as his introduction to the banking 
business, in which he has since become promi- 
nent, was in a minor position in the North- 
western National Bank. 

In July, 1866, he accepted a position as book- 
keeper in the Union National Bank, and he has 

devoted his entire time since then to the interests 
of that financial institution, and the honorable and 
courteous way thafMr. Odell has for transacting 
business has assisted materially in adding to the 
success of the bank's career. 

His connection with the bank covers a con- 
tinuous term of twenty-five years, during which 
time he has advanced through all positions, from 
that of book-keeper until he is now its president. 
From January, 1880, to January, 1884, he acted as 
cashier. In 1884 he became vice-president, and 
in 1890 was elected to the position which he now 

During the twenty-five years that Mr. Odell has 
been connected with the Union National Bank 
his record is unsullied and is clean, and his success 
is another instance of what integrity and honor, 
combined with natural ability and a firm character, 
can accomplish. 

In private life he is quiet and domestic in his 
habits. He was married in 1868 to Miss Mary L. 
Brown, and has one daughter, Mabel, living. 



In 1873 Mr. Odell was married to Miss Emma 
A. Talbot, of Providence, R. I. They have two 
children ; their names, in order of birth, are George 
and Irving. 

Such is his biography. It is the sketch of a life 
that has been both active and honorable. John 
J. P. Odell, starting in life with a capital consisting 
of nothing but a high-school education, a strong 
character and an ambitious nature, has passed 
through many stages in business life, until now 
(1892), at the age of forty-four, he is the presiding 

officer and the controlling spirit of one of the lead- 
ing financial institutions in this country ; and it 
is acknowledged by those acquainted with the 
banking business, that as a financier he is the 
peer of any one connected with any financial 
house in the city. 

Upon the organization of the Board of Direc- 
tors for the World's Columbian Exposition, Mr. 
Odell was one of the forty-five gentlemen who, 
owing to their high position in the community, 
were chosen to compose this important body. 



SUCCESS in any calling is an indication of 
close application, industry, and faithfulness. 
There are few professions more honorable, and 
few which offer better opportunities than does 
that of the law, for the display of character, ster- 
ling worth and ability. To the lawyer are neces- 
sarily entrusted matters of confidence, involving 
property, reputation, and at times, even life itself, 
and upon his skill, loyalty, and ability, the rich 
and poor, strong and helpless often depend. 

Success in life is something to be proud of, 
and the world is better for the life of every suc- 
cessful man. It is a stimulus to others less for- 
tunate in the fray, and an example for them to 
emulate ; and the greatest reward of the success- 
ful man is his consciousness of having acted well 
his part and contributed something toward the 
betterment of his fellow-men. The subject of 
this sketch lays claim to no particular honor for 
having fulfilled the obligations of his profession, 
and for having become a successful lawyer and a 
prominent citizen. 

John J. Herrick was born at Hillsboro, Illinois, 
May 25th, 1845. Being the son of Dr. William 
B. and Martha J. (Seward) Herrick. 

The Massachusetts family of Herrick are a 
branch of the ancient English family of Herrick, 
of Leicestershire, a family prominent in this 
county to-day, and one which in the past had 
many illustrious members. After the war of the 
Revolution, the great-grandfather of our subject, 
Jacob Herrick, who was a lieutenant in that 
struggle, settled in Durham, Maine, and there 

became a Congregational minister. His son, 
Jacob, was born in and resided in Durham, and 
here his son, our subject's father, William B., 
was also born. The Sewards are old residents of 
Illinois. John B. Seward, our subject's maternal 
grandfather, was a native of New Jersey, and set- 
tled in Montgomery county, Illinois, at an early 

William B. Herrick, our subject's father, ar- 
rived in Chicago in 1844. He was Surgeon of a 
regiment of Illinois Volunteers during the Mexi- 
can war, and on his return was one of the first 
Professors of Rush Medical College ; he was also 
the first President of the Illinois State Medical 
Society. He was prominent, not only in medical 
and scientific circles, but also in civil affairs and 
social life. But the toil and hardships and ex- 
posures of campaign life had left their effects 
upon his system, and his health failing, he, in 
1857, was compelled to have recourse to his 
native air, and returned to Maine. 

The subject of this sketch received his prelim- 
inary education in the public and private schools 
of Chicago, and after the return of his father to 
the State of Maine, in 1857, he attended the 
Lewiston Falls Academy, and there was prepared 
for Bowdoin College, which he entered in 1862, 
and from which he was graduated in 1866. Re- 
turning to Illinois, he spent the winter of 1866-7 
in teaching school in Hyde Park, then a suburb 
of Chicago. Deciding upon the law as a voca- 
tion, he, in 1867, became a student in the offices 
of Higgins, Swett and Quigg. Entering at the 




same time the Union College of Law, at Chicago, 
he was graduated with the class of 1868, and 
selected to deliver the class valedictory. Three 
years later Mr. Herrick commenced the active 
practice of his profession having in the mean- 
time remained with Messrs. Higgins, Swett and 
Quigg, as clerk and student, gaining thereby 
much additional legal knowledge and valuable 
experience of a practical nature. As in business, 
soin professional life: much depends upon the 
manner in which one's career is opened. From 
the very outset, that of John J. Herrick has been 
a marked success, while he soon acquired consid- 
erable reputation from his connection with sev- 
eral important cases ; among others, the suits 
growing out of the alleged fraudulent election of 
Michael Evans and others to the South Town 
offices, and their ouster from office in 1876. And 
those growing out of the failure of the firm of 
John B. Lyon and Company, in 1872, and their 
suspension from the Board of Trade. In 1878, 
Mr. Herrick became associated with the late Mr. 
Wirt Dexter, and in 1880, Mr. Charles L. Allen 
was admitted to the partnership, the firm name 
becoming, Dexter, Herrick and Allen, and thus 
the firm continued until the death of Mr. Dexter, 
in May, 1890; since which time our subject has 
been associated with Mr. Allen, under the style 
of Herrick and Allen. 

Among the many other important and noted 
cases with which Mr. Herrick has been con- 
nected was the case of Devine vs. People, and 
out of which arose the question of the consti- 
tutionality of the law authorizing the County 
Commissioners of Cook county to issue bonds 
without a vote of the people. The case of 
Barrow vs. Burnside, argued before the Su- 
preme Court of Iowa, and the Supreme Court 
of the United States, involving the validity of 
the Iowa Statute as to corporations of other 
States, known as the " Domestication Law." 
The cases of Stevens vs. Pratt, and Kingsbury 
vs. Sperry, before the Supreme Court of Illi- 
nois, and of Gross vs. United States Mortgage 
Company, and United States Mortgage Company 
vs. Kingsbury, before the Supreme Court of the 
United States, involving important questions as 
to the rights of foreign corporations in Illinois, 
and the construction of the Illinois Statutes as to 
guardians. The case of the Chicago and North- 

Western Railroad Company vs. Dey, and other 
cases before the United States Courts in Iowa 
and Illinois. And of the State vs. Chicago, Bur- 
lington and Quincy Railroad Company before 
the Supreme Court of Nebraska, involving ques- 
tions of constitutional law, and important as 
defining the rights of railroad corporations. The 
case of Spalding vs. Preston, involving new and 
important questions as to the construction of the 
Illinois Assignment Law. Also the Taylor and 
Storey will cases. Space alone forbids an enu- 
meration of the many other and important cases 
with which Mr. Herrick has been connected. At 
present (1892), representing large corporate and 
private interests, the firm of Herrick and Allen 
have a fine record, and a reputation second to 

Mr. Herrick has held, at various times, numer- 
ous offices in the Chicago Law Institute, the 
Chicago Bar Association and the Citizens' Asso- 
ciation. He is also a member of the Chicago 
Literary Society, and the University Club. He 
is a regular attendant at the Central Church 
in Central Music Hall, under the charge of 
Professor David Swing, of whom he is a great 

In politics, Mr. Herrick, until 1884, was a Na- 
tional Republican. But, in 1884 and 1888, he 
voted for Grover Cleveland, and is now an advo- 
cate for the reduction of tariff on the line of free 
trade and civil service reform. In municipal and 
local affairs he is non-partisan, believing in meas- 
ures and men rather than in mere political wire 
pulling. He was married to Miss Julie A. Dulon 
in 1882. -They have three children. 

Mr. Herrick is, in the truest sense, a high- 
minded gentlemen. He is a man of scholarly 
attainments ; and in his professional, as in all his 
varied relations, seeks something higher and 
better than mere personal gain. With broad 
views of life, he rises above his calling or his 
environments, using them all as but means for 
the accomplishment of noble ends. Conscious of 
his own powers, he is yet modest and unassum- 
ing in manner, and never courts notoriety ; and 
while firm in his convictions, is tolerant of those 
whose opinions differ from his. 

As an advocate, he is even eloquent at times. 
His style is clear and concise, and his arguments 
are sound and thoroughly logical, and rarely fail 



to convince. Mr. Herrick is, withal, a courteous 
gentleman, and affable, and possesses the happy 
faculty of making and retaining friends, of whom 
he has a host. He is counted among Chicago's 

leading lawyers, and has the confidence and re- 
spect of all who know him. And none more 
richly deserves to be ranked among that city's 
representative men. 



OF the many able lawyers whose specialty 
is patent law and patent cases, Mr. Banning 
stands second to none. Endowed by nature 
with a comprehensive mind and considerable 
mechanical ingenuity, he has attained great pro- 
ficiemcy in the methods and sciences especially 
applicable to that branch of the profession to 
which he has given particular attention. 

Ephraim Banning was born near Bushnell, 
McDonough county, Illinois, July 21, 1849, n ' s 
father being from Virginia and his mother from 
Kentucky. His father, after whom he was 
named, was a plain, sturdy farmer, with but little 
education except that acquired in the school of 
life, but with an energetic spirit, full of hope and 
courage. When our subject was quite young, the 
family moved to Kansas. The father was a pro- 
nounced abolitionist, and the committee of the 
convention, which made Kansas " a free State," 
held their meetings in his house. 

Mr. Banning's mother, who was a sister of the 
late Judge Pinkney H. Walker, of the Supreme 
Court of Illinois, was a woman of much character, 
distinguished among her acquaintances for quiet, 
common sense and a most amiable disposition. 
On his mother's side were a number of well- 
known men, among others his grandfather, Gil- 
mer Walker, an able and honored lawyer, and his 
great uncle, Cyrus Walker, said to have been one 
of the most distinguished lawyers in Kentucky, 
and afterward one of the ablest in Illinois. 

When he was but ten years old, the family re- 
moved to Missouri, and at the breaking out of 
the war, his two older brothers enlisted in the 
Union army and left him, being the next oldest, 
to assist his father in the care of the farm. His 
father's circumstances, as a pioneer- farmer, were 
such that from his earliest childhood young Ban- 
ning was necessarily deprived of many of the op- 
portunities and privileges generally considered 

indispensable to the proper development of boy- 
hood life. This was particularly so in the matter 
of education, for in this respect he was always re- 
quired to contend against adverse circumstances. 
But being an apt scholar, quick and anxious to 
learn, he acquired knowledge rapidly, and on 
more than one occasion, in his boyhood and 
youth, took the prize in his school. After finish- 
ing the elementary branches, he, at the age of 
seventeen, entered an academy at Brookfield, 
Missouri, where he studied the languages and 
higher branches of learning, under the preceptor- 
ship of the Rev. J. P. Finley, D.D. 

After leaving the academy, Mr. Banning taught 
school a few months, and during this period be- 
gan the study of the law. He continued his 
legal studies in the office of Hon. Samuel P. Hus- 
ton, of Brookfield, and then, in the spring of 
1871, removed to Chicago and entered the office 
of Messrs. Rosenthal and Pence, as a clerk and 
student. In June, 1872, he was admitted to the 
bar by the Supreme Court of Illinois, and in Octo- 
ber of the same year he opened an office and be- 
gan practicing for himself. 

The building up of a practice by a young law- 
yer is generally slow, and especially so in a great 
city like Chicago, where attorneys are numbered 
by thousands, and in this respect Mr. Banning 
had the usual experience. But merit usually 
brings its reward, and so, in the course of a few 
years he came to be recognized in the courts and 
at the bar as a lawyer in fair general practice. 
About this time several cases came to him, in- 
volving questions of patent law. The intricate 
and scientific points of this branch of jurispru- 
dence, caused him to form a special liking for it, 
and his first argument in a patent cause was early 
in 1877, before Judge Blodgett, and from about 
this time, or a little later, may be dated his with- 
drawal from general practice and to devote him- 



self exclusively to patent law. Before this, how- 
ever, and for some years afterwards, while work- 
ing into patent law, he had a large and varied 
experience in general practice in commercial, 
real estate, corporation and criminal law and 
undoubtedly this general experience had much 
to do with subsequent work and success in his 
chosen specialty. 

He entered into a partnership with his brother, 
Thomas A. Banning, in 1877, and in due time 
the firm of Banning & Banning became widely 
known as successful patent attorneys. They 
have argued a great number of patent and trade- 
mark cases, and now have a large practice in the 
Supreme Court of the United States, and in the 
lower federal courts in Chicago and elsewhere. 

The firm still continues as first organized, ex- 
cept that Mr. George S. Payson was admitted as 
a member in 1888. Mr. Banning was married in 
October, 1878, to Miss Lucretia T. Lindsley, who 

died in 1887, leaving three boys, all of whom are 
still living. In 1889, he was married to Miss 
Emilie B. Jenne, daughter of the late O. B. Jenne, 
of Elgin, Illinois. Mr. Banning is an elder in the 
Presbyterian Church, and a man of strong relig- 
ious and moral character. He is a Republican in 
politics, but has never held any office nor been a 
candidate for one. He is a member of the Union 
League Club, and connected with several organ- 
izations interested in the moral and material 
progress of Chicago. 

During 1888 he made an extensive tour of 
Europe. He is in the prime of life, physically, 
but scarcely yet in the maturity of his intellectual 
powers, which will constantly strengthen with ex- 
ercise for many years to come. 

With a mind strong and logical, a noble ambi- 
tion, there is every reason to expect that he will 
not only maintain his present position, but make 
it a stepping stone to other successes. 



BY the death of James S. Kirk, the City of 
Chicago lost one of its most respected citi- 
zens, its business community one of its brightest 
lights, and the cause of education one of its 
strongest champions. 

His father was a ship builder and civil engineer 
of prominence, in Glasgow, Scotland, where our 
subject was born, in 1818. When he was a child, 
six months old, the family moved to Montreal, 
where his childhood and earlier manhood days 
were passed. After receiving a thorough aca- 
demic education (graduating from the Montreal 
Academic Institute), he entered the lumber busi- 
ness, and personally superintended the camp in 
the woods and the drive down the Ottawa River. 

When scarcely twenty-one years of age, he mar- 
ried Miss Nancy Ann Dunning, at Ottawa (then 
known as Bytown), and removed to the United 
States, making Utica, N. Y., his home. He im- 
mediately began the manufacture of soap and 
perfumes, and thus, in 1839, founded the house 
of James S. Kirk & Co., which has become the 
largest establishment of its kind, not only in the 
United States, but in the world. 

In 1859, James S. Kirk and his family removed 
to Chicago, and continued in the soap manufac- 
turing business. With the exception of the dis- 
astrous effects of the fire of 1871, the prosperity 
of the house has been uninterrupted. 

For fifty years the stern old churchman (for 
all his life he was an earnest and consistent 
Christian) had striven to perfect the business 
scheme of his life. Success crowned his efforts, 
and he was enabled to pass his declining years in 
well-earned retirement in a luxurious home in 
South Evanston. 

The ground that the manufacturing plant of 
Jas. S. Kirk & Co. covers is the historical site of 
the first house ever erected in Chicago. Less than 
a century has passed since then, and no more fit- 
ting comparison can be drawn than the statement 
that the spot where a solitary hermit made his 
abode ninety odd years ago is now covered by a 
manufacturing plant that has an output greater 
than any of its kind in the entire world. 

The business is still continued under the same 
name under which it was organized, an uninter- 
rupted period of fifty-two years, and although it 



is now one of the very few establishments (if not 
the only one) in the United States that have 
passed through a half century of existence with- 
out change of name. The pride which the family 
take in the record of Jas. S. Kirk will undoubt- 
edly cause it to be unchanged for many decades. 
The Northwestern University, located in Evans- 
ton, that most beautiful of Chicago's suburbs, al- 
ways found in Jas. S. Kjrk a warm champion and 
firm friend. His family still follow his desires in 
regard to assisting this worthy educational insti- 
tution, and take great and honest pride in assist- 
ing both financially and personally any deserving 
and needy cause that will advance the people to 
a higher degree of education. Mr. Kirk was es- 
teemed as a scholarly gentleman ; he was very 
highly educated, and took great interest in every- 
thing pertaining towards higher cultivation. 

In summing up the events of his life, it can 
most truly be stated that there never was a resi- 
dent of Chicago who was more highly respected 
and esteemed than he was. During the years of 
his life he was looked upon as a model of honor 
and an example of the truly honest business man. 
He ever endeavored to instill into the minds of 
his sons the honorable principles that placed him 
on such an elevated pedestal. That his descend- 
ants have treasured his desires and his good pre- 
cepts, is proven by the universal respect and es- 
teem in which all members of his family are 

On the fifteenth day of June, 1886, in the 
bosom of his family, he passed peacefully and 
quietly away from this earth, like one fully con- 
scious of meeting in a more sanctified place those 
nearest and dearest to him. 



**~s of the World's Congress Auxiliary of the 
World's Columbian Exposition, president of the 
International Law and Order League, ex-presi- 
dent of the Illinois State Bar Association, coun- 
sellor of the Supreme Court of the United States, 
etc., etc., has long been prominently before the 
American people in various honorable positions. 
The following facts relating to his career as 
teacher, lawyer, orator, author and reformer, have 
been collected and condensed from numerous 
notices, biographical sketches and other publica- 
tions. He is a native of the State of New York, 
was born at Hamilton in 1831, was named for 
Charles Carroll, of Carrollton, the last surviving 
signer of the Declaration of Independence, and 
is a farmer's son. He was educated in public 
schools, Hamilton Academy, and chiefly by pri- 
vate study, with many advantages from Madison 
University, though engaged in teaching instead of 
pursuing the regular course of instruction. He was 
a teacher in the public schools, or the Hamilton 
Academy, from the age of seventeen till he moved 
to Peoria, Illinois, at the age of nineteen. He 
there taught an academic school for two years; 
was public lecturer on education for Peoria county 

in 1852-3; vice-president of a State Teachers' 
Institute, and took a leading part in establishing 
the present educational system of Illinois, con- 
ducting the correspondence which resulted in the 
first State convention for educational purposes, 
and organizing numerous educational societies. 

Mr. Bonney commenced reading law whe 
but seventeen, and became a writer for the public 
press at nineteen. He was admitted to the Illinois 
bar in 1852, and to that of the United States 
Supreme Court in 1 866, was president of the 
Illinois State Bar Association, and vice-president 
of the American Bar Association, in 1882, and 
has taken a leading part in the proceedings of 
both associations. He removed from Peoria to 
Chicago in 1860, where he has since resided. His 
practice has embraced all departments of law, and 
includes reported cases in Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, 
Nebraska, New York, New Jersey, California and 
the United States Supreme Court. Public press 
notices of many States describe him as a profound 
and accomplished lawyer, one of the most eminent 
and distinguished members of the Chicago bar, 
and a writer on legal and political subjects of 
wide reputation. Immediately after the suspen- 
sion of the habeas corpus during the rebellion, he 





published a statement of the jurisdiction of the 
Courts under the suspension, as afterwards ju- 
dicially held, and upon the enactment of the in- 
ternal revenue law, he made the first argument in 
Court, and which was widely published, showing 
the unconstitutionality of the tax on the process 
of the State Courts, taking the positions subse- 
quently sustained by the judiciary. In 1887, he 
was strongly recommended by leading legal, finan- 
cial and other journals, for appointment as one of 
the judges of the Supreme Court of the United 
States, as a man who stands in the very front 
rank of Western lawyers and jurists, of high liter- 
ary culture, of judicial temperament, undoubtedly 
worthy of that high position, and who would be 
an ornament to any judicial position. 

He was one of the originators of the Law and 
Order Movement for enforcing the existing laws 
that began in Illinois in 1872, and took its present 
form almost simultaneously in that State, and in 
New York and Massachusetts in 1877, and soon 
after extended to Pennsylvania and other States. 
It attained a national organization under the name 
of "The Citizen's Law and Order League of the 
United States," in a convention of which he was 
president, held at Boston, Massachusetts, in 1883. 
That organization was changed at Toronto, Can- 
ada, in 1890, to "The International Law and 
Order League," to include the societies in the 
provinces of the Dominion. He was elected 
president of the League at New York in 1885, at 
Cincinnati in 1886, at Albany in 1887, at Philadel- 
phia in 1888, at Boston in 1889, at Toronto in 
1890, and has since been re-elected and now holds 
that position. As such president, he has deliv- 
ered in the above and in other leading cities of the 
United States and Canada, elaborate addresses in 
favor of law enforcement, and setting forth the 
scope and purposes of the Law and Order Move- 

In politics, Mr. Bonney was a party democrat 
before the rebellion of 1861, a war democrat 
while it continued, and has since been independ- 
ent in political action. He entered active politics 
in 1852, and acquired "a brilliant reputation as a 
political orator" in 1856, supporting Mr. Douglas, 
whose doctrine of squatter sovereignty he after- 
wards opposed. In 1857 he took a leading and 
successful part in an exciting contest to preserve 
the freedom of the Illinois river, representing the 

city government of Peoria as a special commis- 
sioner to the city of St. Louis. 

In the field of practical reform, Mr. Bonney's 
efforts have been important and largely success- 
ful. Among the leading reforms advanced by 
him are the following, with the dates when he 
began to write and speak in their favor, and, if 
carried into effect, the time of their adoption : 
Uniformity of State constitutions and general 
statutes, proposed in 1852; constitutional prohi- 
bition of special legislation, proposed in 1854, and 
adopted in Illinois in 1870; a national banking 
system, proposed in 1858, and adopted by Con- 
gress in 1864; railroad supervision by State 
authority, proposed in 1861, and adopted in 
Illinois in 1871 : a national civil service academy 
to educate selected men in government and 
diplomacy as the Military Academy does in the 
art of war, proposed in 1876; national regulation 
of Inter-State Commerce, proposed in 1878, and 
adopted by Congress in 1887; uniformity of com- 
mercial paper in Inter-State transactions, proposed 
in 1882, and since pending in Congress; a system 
of civil service pensions, proposed in 1884; State 
boards of labor and capital, with plenary executive 
powers to prevent labor strikes, proposed in 1886; 
the appointment of regular United States judges 
to hold the foreign Courts now held by consuls 
and ministers, proposed in 1888, and the estabT 
lishment of a permanent International Court of 
Justice, proposed in 1889, and favored by eminent 
European and American jurists and statesmen. 

Mr. Bonney was president of the Chicago 
Library Association in 1870, edited the poetical 
works of Judge Arrington, and is the author of 
hand books of Railway Law, and the Law of In- 
surance, and of numerous addresses and essays on 
important subjects, including among others, "A 
Great Lawyer," "Judicial Supremacy," "The 
Administration of Justice," "The Province of 
Government," " Law Reform," "Government Re- 
form," "The Conflict of Capital and Labor," 
" Naturalization Laws and Their Enforcement," 
" Reform of the Foreign Service," " International 
Justice" and " International Citizenship." 

Mr. Bonney is also the author of the scheme 
for a series of World's Congresses in connection 
with the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893, 
intended to set forth, on what has been declared 
" a scale of unexampled majesty," the achieve- 



ments of mankind in all the departments of civ- 
ilized life, and to promote future progress by the 
fraternal co-operation of the enlightened minds of 
all countries. The organization and direction of 
this enterprise has been in his charge from the be- 
ginning. He was chairman of the preliminary 
committee, to which the subject was first en- 
trusted, and when, to meet the growing necessi- 
ties of the work, the World's Congress Auxiliary 
was organized, Mr. Bonney was made president 
of that body, and its chief executive and manager. 
So much progress has been made, and so much 
distinguished co-operation has been secured, that 
there seems to be no reason to doubt that a very 
great success will crown the undertaking. In an- 
nouncing the project; Mr. Bonney said : 

" To make the Exposition complete and the 
celebration adequate, the wonderful achievements 

of the new age in science, literature, education, 
government, jurisprudence, morals, charity, relig- 
ion, and other departments of human activity, 
should also be conspicuously displayed, as the 
most effective means of increasing the fraternity, 
progress, prosperity and peace of mankind ; and 
after setting forth the plan, that 'such congresses, 
convened under circumstances so auspicious, 
would doubtless surpass all previous efforts to 
bring about a real fraternity of nations, and unite 
the enlightened people of the whole earth in a 
general co-operation for the attainment of the 
great ends for which human society is organized.' " 
As organized in January, 1892, when this sketch 
was prepared, the World's Congress scheme em- 
braced fifteen great departments, and more than 
one hundred general divisions in which congresses 
are to be held. 



IT is much to achieve success, it is infinitely 
more to win the gratitude of the suffering 
and afflicted. In our community there is, per- 
haps, no one who in this regard has greater reason 
for content than Dr. Reuben Ludlam. 

Nearly forty years of most devoted labor have 
placed him among the few who may be said to 
be at the head of the medical profession in the 
Northwest, and such has been the cordial, kindly, 
generous manner of this ministration, that in the 
hearts of those who have received it, there is a 
sense of grateful recognition that words cannot 

Reuben Ludlam was born in Camden, N. J., 
Oct. 7, 1831. His father was Dr. Jacob W. Lud- 
lam, an eminent physician, who died in 1858 at 
Evanston, Illinois, after a long life beneficently 
spent in the practice of his beloved profession. 
His widow, now in her eighty-third year, still re- 
sides at Evanston. 

While still a child, Reuben Ludlam was accus- 
tomed to accompany his father on his daily round 
of visits, even then taking the greatest interest in 
the different cases, and, no doubt, gathering much 
of use in after life. Naturally studious, he made 
great progress in school, and when he graduated 

from the old academy at Bridgeton, New Jersey, 
it was with the highest honors of his class. 

At sixteen, under the supervision of his father, 
he commenced a systematic course in medicine. 
Continuing his studies at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, he received the degree of M. D. in that 
institution in 1852, whence his father had gradu- 
ated many years before, having spent six years of 
most earnest effort in preparation for his pro- 

Soon after graduation he came to Chicago. It 
was at this time that the doctrines of Hahnemann 
were causing such universal agitation in the 
breasts of disciples of the old school. It was with 
Spartan courage that the young physician, having 
become practically convinced of the truth of the 
new theory, by bedside experience, cast aside the 
dogmas so long cherished, and arrayed himself 
under the banner of homoeopathy. With the 
enthusiasm of youth, he was a hearty and im- 
petuous advocate of the new principle, and, in 
1859, upon the organization of Hahnemann Medi- 
cal College, was chosen to fill the chair of physi- 
lgy> pathology and clinical medicine therein. 
After four years he was transferred to the chair of 
obstetrics and diseases of women and children, in 



which department he had shown a very high de- 
gree of skill and talent. A few years later he was 
given the professorship of medical and surgical 
diseases of women, and was made Dean of the 
College Faculty, in both of which capacities he 
has rendered inestimable service and endeared 
himself to all who have come within his kindly 
influence. Some idea of the relation in which he 
stands to the college is to be had from the words 
of a writer well known to the medical world : "A 
watchful guardian of its interests, and a liberal 
contributor to its resources, he has labored con- 
stantly to elevate its standard to the highest 
available plane, and to increase its usefulness to 
the fullest possible extent." 

To the subject of gynaecology, Dr. Ludlam 
has from the first given very close attention, 
availing himself not only of all the resources of 
this country, but spending some years of pains- 
taking labor and study abroad in order to make 
himself complete master of the subject. His suc- 
cess has been unbounded, particularly in the de- 
partment of uterine surgery,- his services in diffi- 
cult operations being constantly required all over 
the Northwest, and his authority in consultation 
acknowledged throughout the country. 

In 1869, Dr. Ludlam was chosen president of 
the American Institute of Homoeopathy, presided 
over its deliberations at Boston, and delivered the 
annual oration entitled, "The Relation of Woman 
to Homoeopathy.'' Among other honors con- 
ferred upon him was the presidency of the Chi- 
cago Academy of Medicine, of the Illinois 
Homoeopathic Medical Society, and of the West- 
ern Institute of Homoeopathy. In 1870, he was 
offered the position of physician-in. charge to the 
Home Infirmary of New York City, and also that 
of professor of obstetrics and diseases of women 
and children in the New York Homoeopathic 
Medical College, both of which honors he de- 
clined. In 1871, he became a member of the 
medical department of the Relief and Aid 
Society, which performed such gigantic eleemos- 
ynary work after the great Chicago fire. 

Such has been a part of his public activity in 
this immediate vicinity. In the organization of 
the State Board of Health in 1877, Dr. Ludlam 
was called upon by Governor Cullom to serve. 
He has served ever since, and is the only homoeo- 
pathic physician on the Board, having been re- 

appointed twice. It is probable that Dr. Ludlam 
is best known to the world at large as a writer. 
A great reader, an accomplished linguist, pos- 
sessed of an inexhaustible fund of humor and 
anecdote, he has added to the acknowledged 
scientific worth of his contributions the charm of 
a clear and graceful style. For six years, begin- 
ning with 1860, he was editorially connected with 
the North American Journal of Homoeopathy, pub- 
lished in New York City, and for nine years with 
the United States Medical and Surgical Journal, 
published in Chicago. For many years he has 
acted as editor of the Cliniqzie, a monthly ab- 
stract of the work of the Clinical Society of 
Hahnemann Hospital. One of the most impor- 
tant of his contributions to this paper was that 
entitled " Clinical Observations Based on Five 
Hundred Abdominal Sections." 

Dr. Ludlam's great work "Clinical and Didactic 
Lectures on the Diseases of Women," published 
in 1871, is now in its seventh edition. It is an 
octavo of over one thousand pages, employed as 
a text-book in all homoeopathic colleges, and is 
accepted as authority by homoeopathic physicians 
both here and in Europe. In return for the com- 
pliment paid him by the French in the translation 
of this work into their language, Dr. Ludlam 
undertook, and most successfully performed the 
task of rendering in English a very valuable work 
entitled "A Volume of Lectures on Clinical Medi- 
cines," by Dr. Jousset, of Paris. In 1863 appeared 
a volume entitled "A Course of Clinical Lectures 
on Diphtheria," written by Dr. Ludlam, which 
was the first strictly medical work ever published 
in Chicago, securing to its author an enduring 
name in the history of this city. 

Dr. Ludlam is very much absorbed by his pro- 
fession, pursuing it with all the enthusiasm which 
an artist gives to art. And, indeed, in his hands 
it has been made an art. A wide acquaintance 
with literature, a love for music and sympathy 
with all that elevates and softens, and above all 
a very comprehensive knowledge and affection for 
mankind, have given to his professional work the 
inimitable finish of culture, and made of it in 
truest sense the art of healing. 

Dr. Ludlam has been twice married, his first 
wife, Anna M. Porter, of Greenwich, New Jersey, 
dying three years after marriage. By his second 
wife, whose maiden name was Harriet G. Parvin, 



he has one son. Dr. Reuben Ludlam, Jr., is a 
young physician of great promise. His early 
education was obtained in the best schools of this 
city. He began the study of medicine under the 
preceptorship of his father, and in 1886 gradu- 
ated with honor from the Hahnemann Medical 
College and Hospital, of Chicago. Going abroad 
immediately after graduation,, he spent a very 
profitable year in the hospitals of London and 
Paris. Upon his return he entered into practice 
with his father and assumed a responsible position 
in the Hahnemann Hospital. Peculiar interest 
has naturally been felt in the advent of this 
young physician, and it is high praise to say that 
he has fulfilled all that had been expected of him. 
With concentration uncommon in one of his age, 
he has disregarded the attractions of society and 
the many distractions of youth and has put all 

his energies into his profession. A large part of 
the father's extensive practice has been trans- 
ferred to the younger shoulders, and in that in 
which the elder is so eminent the assistance of the 
son has become invaluable. No praise is too high 
for the way in which he has assisted and relieved 
his father in the ever increasing cares of his busy 
life. Dr. Ludlam, Jr., is an expert operator, his 
taste inclining to the specialty with which his 
father is identified. He is a fine French scholar, 
owing to his residence abroad as well as to previ- 
ous study, and has made a number of translations 
from the French for various medical journals. 
Finely educated, a close and constant student, 
devoted with all the intensity of natural pre- 
dilection to his profession, it is with him but a 
question of years until he shall stand in the fore- 
most ranks of Chicago's medical men. 



JOHN CUDAHY, a member of the well-known 
firm of Cudahy Brothers, is one of the most 
prominent and highly respected families resident 
in Chicago. The Cudahys, through their con- 
nection with the packing industry, are known the 
world over as self-made men and founders of 
their own fortunes. It would be difficult to men- 
tion the name of any one who would better serve 
to illustrate, as an example of what perseverance, 
indomitable energy, and a determination to suc- 
ceed (oftentimes in the face of seemingly insuper- 
able difficulties) can do, than does the name of 

Gradually rising, step by step, each position 
increasing in responsibility, their fortunes becom- 
ing proportionately advanced, until at length they 
are numbered among the millionaires of this great 
city, they are able to look back upon their 
successful careers with truly natural pride, for 
theirs is a record the emulation of which would 
be honorable, and its results beneficial to the pub- 
lic at large. 

He was born at Callan, County Kilkenny, Ire- 
land, November 2, 1843. John Cudahy is the son 
of Patrick and Elizabeth (Shaw) Cudahy. His 
father was a native of Callan. while his mother's 

people, the Shaws, were residents of Dublin, after- 
ward removing to Callan, where they established 
pottery works. Believing this country to offer 
the better advantages for the bringing up and 
placing in position of a young family, in 1849 our 
subject's parents moved hither, and after a short 
time spent in the East, they removed to Milwau- 
kee, Wis., in the public schools of which city, 
working occasionally between times, young Cud- 
ahy received his education, and when between 
fourteen and fifteen years of age entered the pack- 
ing house of Ed. Roddis, remaining in his employ 
until about nineteen years of age, when he entered 
the employ of John Plankinton (afterward of 
Plankinton & Armour), remaining in the latter 
position about one and one-half years. 

When twenty-one years of age, he became en- 
gaged in the nursery business with Mr. Thomas 
Grynne, of Milwaukee, dealing in fruit and orna- 
mental trees, etc., occupying the position of fore- 
man for three seasons, at the end of which time 
he made a proposition of purchase to the proprie- 
tors, the terms of which and their acceptance are 
ample evidence of the great confidence in which 
he was held, not only by his former employers, 
but by his neighbors in general, while at the same 




time it illustrates complete self-reliance and his 
confidence of success. He purchased the nursery, 
its stock, wagons, horses, etc., paying but a small 
sum down. Continuing this business three years, 
during which time he cleared every vestige of the 
debt, in addition to making no small sum, this was 
the first venture in which he made money, and 
from this date his success continued, though in a 
varying degree. 

Returning to the packing industry, he was em- 
ployed by Layton & Co., packers, for the three 
following years. During this period ties of 
friendship were formed between employer and 
employe, which time has served to strengthen 
rather than weaken, and Mr. Cudahy takes pleas- 
ure in expressing his appreciation of the kindness 
shown him by Mr. Layton. While still in the 
employ of Layton & Co. he was appointed Board 
of Trade provision inspector for the city of Mil- 
waukee, afterward being foreman and Board of 
Trade inspector for Van Kirk & McGeough, oc- 
cupying these joint positions for some two years. 
In the spring of 1875 he purchased an interest in 
John Plankinton's packing business, but he soon 
afterward decided that he wanted a wider field of 
operation, and through the intercession of his 
brother Michael, between whom and Mr. Plankin- 
ton there has always existed strong ties of friend- 
ship, he was released from the contract, and in 
July of the same year removed to Chicago, form- 
ing a co-partnership with E. D. Chapin, under 
the firm name of Chapin & Co., packers, and so 
remained for two years, when the firm name was 
changed to Chapin & Cudahy, this partnership 
continuing altogether about five years, when Mr. 
Chapin withdrew, since which time Mr. Cudahy 
has continued the business alone, being also in 
partnership with his brother Patrick (Cudahy 
Bros., packers, Milwaukee), they having succeeded 
some three years ago to the business of John 
Plankinton, who retired from business. 

Prominent in social affairs, he is a member of 
the Washington Park Club, the Union League 
Club and the Chicago Club. 

Mr. Cudahy has been twice married Oct. i, 
1873, to Miss Mary Nolan, of Bridgeport, Conn., 
the issue of this marriage being four girls, two 
being deceased, while the remaining two Misses 
Bessie and Julia are at present being educated 
at Manhattanville, N. Y. 

Mr. Cudahy married again (in 1882) Miss Mar- 
garet F. O'Neill, daughter of Mr. John O'Neill, a 
prominent citizen and one of Chicago's oldest 
settlers, and who died some three years ago. Two 
children have been the issue of this marriage, only 
one of whom John R. is living, and is now 
nine years of age. 

Possessing a host of friends amongst the most 
prominent of Chicago's citizens, and many ad- 
mirers amongst the poorer classes (many of whom 
he has repeatedly befriended), we cannot perhaps 
do better than state what has been said concern- 
ing him by one of our most prominent and con- 
spicuous citizens : 

" Quick and shrewd to detect a fraud or sham, 
he is prompt and outspoken in his condemnation ; 
yet he is genuine and sincere and thoughtful of 
his friends. As a business man he is bright and 
clear in judgment, of quick perception, prompt 
and unhesitating in action. The fact of his having 
accumulated so handsome, if not so vast, a fortune, 
and while yet in the prime of life, is ample evi- 
dence of the correctness of nis general business 
methods and characteristics. At his home, where 
the furnishings and appointments are luxurious 
and betoken much taste and mature judgment, 
his wife presides and aids her husband in dis- 
pensing a hospitality, open-hearted and whole- 
souled on his part and truly graceful and gen- 
erous on hers." 

He is a large contributor to all public enter- 
prises for the improvement and advancement of 
the city and the community at large. His own 
and his wife's list of charities would be far too 
large to enumerate here, for probably no private 
individual contributes more frequently or more 
generously to the advancement of religion and 
for the benefit of the poor, for the thousand and 
one charitable orders and charitable enterprises 
which are fostered by the church to which he 
belongs ; but his generosity is by no means con- 
fined to those of his own faith, but every good 
and commendable effort to aid those who need it 
finds in him a generous support and a practical 

His summer home on Mackinac Island is beau- 
tifully situated, and, like his home in the city, is 
a centre of hospitality for all friends who may 
happen to be on the island during the season. 

" Personally, the Cudahy brothers are all mag- 



nificent specimens of physical manhood, being 
large, well-proportioned, handsome men, and 
John Cudahy is no exception. A typical Irish- 
man of the better class, he is a valuable citizen of 

this city and state, and a useful and influential 
member of society ; a man who is esteemed and 
respected not only by a large circle of friends, but 
by the community at large." 



THE subject of our present sketch, George 
Henry Wheeler, was born at La Porte, Ind., 
August I, 1841. He is a son of Hiram Wheeler, 
who was born in New Haven, Vt., and Julia 
Smith Wheeler, born in New York City. Fore- 
seeing the probabilities and opportunities of the 
great West, Mr. Wheeler, Sr., in 1832 removed to 
the new and remote settlement of La Porte, Ind. 
Remaining there for about nine years, he then re- 
moved to St. Joseph, Mich., where he was located 
for over eight years. Chicago, then a small town 
at the head of Lake Michigan, began to attract 
attention and gave every indication, even at this 
early day, of becoming in the near future a city of 
considerable importance. In 1849 Mr. Wheeler 
determined upon removing thither with his family 
and accordingly did so. Our subject then was 
eight years of age. His early education was ac- 
quired in the public school of this city, and in 1856 
he completed a business course at Racine College, 
\Yis. In 1860 he entered into the grain elevator 
business with his father and in 1867 he was ad- 
mitted into the partnership of Munger, Wheeler 
& Co., which firm possessed an enviable reputa- 
tion and were among the wealthiest and largest 

receivers of grain in Chicago. Mr. Wheeler re- 
mained with this firm, connected with the active 
management of the house, up to 1889, at which 
period the firm sold out to an English syndicate. 
At the annual meeting of the Chicago City Rail- 
way Company in January, 1891, he was elected 
president. He has also been president of the 
Washington Park Club for the past three years. 
He is a member of the Chicago and other clubs, 
and is a director of the World's Columbian Ex- 
position and the Continental National Bank of 
Chicago. By faith he is an Episcopalian ; in 
politics he is a Republican. 

Mr. Wheeler was married in 1864 to Miss 
Alice I. Lord, daughter of Gilderoy Lord, a 
prominent citizen of Watertown, New York. 
They have two children, namely, Henry Lord 
and Mabel. 

In manner Mr. Wheeler is genial and generous, 
and possesses a host of friends. With thousands 
of men under his supervision, we are but stating 
what is an actual fact when we say that they are 
satisfied with the kind treatment received at his 
hands, and highly regard him for his manly quali- 
ties of heart and mind. 



THE subject of this narrative was born in 
Brandon, Rutland county, Vermont, on 
the ist day of December, 1836. His grand- 
father, Daniel Avery, came to Brandon from Nor- 
wich, Conn., about the year 1790. He belonged 
to the original family of his name who immi- 
grated from England and took up their abode 
near New London, Connecticut. They are the 
lineal descendants of the famous Sir William 

Avery, who was knighted for courage upon the 
battle-field by William the Conqueror. Mr. 
Avery, through his paternal grandmother, is a 
descendant, in the seventh generation, of John 
Alden and Priscilla Mullins. His maternal 
grandmother was one of the well-known family 
of Congdons, of Providence, Rhode Island. 
During the American Revolution the Averys 
were staunch rebels, as will be evidenced by the 



inscription on the monument erected by the State 
of Connecticut to the memory of those patriots 
who fell in the massacre at Fort Griswold on the 
6th of September, 1781. When the British, un- 
der command of the- traitor, Benedict Arnold, 
burned the towns of New London and Groten, 
spreading desolation and woe throughout the 
region, among the eighty-five who fell in the 
massacre there were nine Averys, all members of 
the same family, their names being Daniel Avery, 
Elijah Avery, Ebenezer Avery, Solomon Avery, 
Jasper Avery, Elisha Avery, David Avery, Chris- 
topher Avery, and Thomas Avery. 

The father of Daniel J. Avery removed from 
Vermont to Lake county, Illinois, in 1843, when 
the subject of this sketch was in his seventh year. 
Here he lived until he went to Waukegan, where 
he attended the academy of which Judge Fran- 
cis E. Clark was the principal. In school he was 
studious, apt and eager to learn, and there laid 
the foundations of the success and triumphs of 
his later years. After leaving the Academy he 
settled in Chicago in 1857, and entering the office 
of Judge James B. Bradwell began the study of 
law, living in the family of the Judge for one 

He was a close and diligent, student, and by 
constant and continued hard study acquired a 
superior knowledge of the law, and in 1859 
passed a most satisfactory examination before the 
Hon. Ebenezer Peck, Judge Corydon Beckwith, 
and the Hon. Norman B. Judd. 

He was recommended by them to the Supreme 
Court, and then and there regularly admitted to 
the bar. His license was signed by Judge John 
D. Caton, Sidney Breeze, and P. H. Walker. 

From 1859 until 1862 Mr. Avery enjoyed a 
large share of professional business. When the 
civil war broke out he laid down the pen, and 
taking up the sword responded to the call of patri- 
otism. He enlisted in Company G, One Hundred 
and Thirteenth Regiment Illinois Volunteers In- 
fantry, and served with courage and distinction, 
being in the battle of Chickasaw Bluff, under 
Sherman, in December, 1862, and Arkansas Post, 
January, 1863, where from continued exposure 
and deprivations his health failed and he was 
sent to Lawson Hospital at St. Louis, Missouri, 
where, on account of serious illness, he was 
compelled to remain until October, 1863, at 

which time he received an honorable discharge, 
upon the recommendation of Col. George D. 
Hodge, commanding his regiment. 

Returning to Chicago, he resumed the practice 
of law and formed a partnership with Mr. Eben 
F. Runyan March I, 1864. The extensive 
practice of the firm increasing very rapidly, Mr. 
E. F. Comstock, and Mr. M. B. Loomis were ad- 
mitted to the partnership in 1868. During the 
succeeding five years Mr. Avery conducted the 
chancery department of the firm, and in 1880 was 
appointed Master in Chancery of the Superior 
Court of Cook county, which position he re- 
tained by reappointment for seven years. Mr. 
Avery 's career at the bar has been eminently suc- 
cessful, and he is ranked among the distinguished 
men of Chicago. In politics he has always been 
a staunch and zealous Republican, always taking 
an active part in the campaigns and promoting 
the interests of his party by word and example. 
He was for five years a member of the Cook 
County Republican Central Committee, and for 
one year its chairman. 

He is one of the prominent Masons of the 
country. He was initiated in Hesperian Lodge, 
411, A. F. & A. M., and served three years as its 
Worshipful Master, and has been District Deputy 
Grand Marshal of the Grand Lodge for the sec- 
ond district of Illinois for fifteen years. He is 
also a member of Washington Chapter, R. A. M., 
Appollo Commandery, No. i, of Illinois Oriental 
Consistory, and co-ordinate bodies, S. P. R. S., 
and Medina Temple of the Mystic Shrine of the 
A. A. N. M. S. In 1874 he assisted in the organ- 
ization of the Northwestern Masonic Aid Associ- 
ation of Chicago, was elected to the orifice of Pres- 
ident the same year, and has been re-elected each 
succeeding year. 

Mr. Avery continued in the practice of law un- 
til 1887, when the business of the Association 
had increased to such proportions that the board 
of trustees demanded that he should apply his 
entire time to its business, so successful had he 
been in its management. Since then he has con- 
fined himself to this work and has met with phe- 
nomenal success. 

He was one of the charter members of the La 
Salle Club, and has been a member of the Illinois 
Club for the past ten years. 

Mr. Avery has traveled extensively throughout 



the United States, having visited thirty-nine of 
them either on business or pleasure during his 
lifetime. He has also crossed the Atlantic Ocean, 
spending two months traveling through the Brit- 
ish Islands and France. 

He was married on the 23rd of October, 1867, 
to Miss Mary Comstock, but was called upon to 

mourn her loss five years later. In May, 1874, he 
married Miss Kate Ellis, of Colton, New York. 

Mr. Avery's life has been one untiring struggle 
in the cause of humanity, relieving the widows 
and orphans in distress, and his high moral tone 
and sterling integrity have won for him the love 
and admiration of all who know him. 



AMONG the numerous banking institutions 
of Chicago, that of N. W. Harris & Co. 
stands high in its specialty, viz., dealing in mu- 
nicipal bonds, etc. This house undoubtedly does 
the largest business of any house in the West, 
and probably the largest of any in the United 
States. Norman W. Harris is the head of this 
house, being both the founder, and, since its or- 
ganization, the controlling spirit in same. 

He was born in Becket, Massachusetts, August 
15, 1846, and is the son of Nathan Waite and C. 
Emeline (Wadsworth) Harris. The town of 
Becket, in which our subject was born, was origi- 
nally ceded to four or six individuals, among 
whom was his mother's great-grandfather. His 
paternal great-grandfather came to America from 
France and served in the Revolutionary War, and 
in the local cemetery are buried four generations 
of the family. Mr. Harris' parents are still living 
at an advanced age in Becket, Massachusetts, 
and he has also two brothers and a sister living. 
One of his brothers, Dwight J., being associated 
with him in the banking business in Chicago. 
When eighteen years of age he held a position 
as soliciting agent for a life insurance com- 
pany at Cincinnati, Ohio. Two years later he 
was the general agent of the Equitable' Life As- 
surance Society, at Cincinnati. In that year he 
organized the Union Central Life Insurance Com- 
pany, and became its secretary and general man- 
ager, and continued such for thirteen years, when, 
on account of threatened ill-health, he resigned, 
disposed of his interests in the company and went 
to Europe for rest and recreation. At the time 
of his leaving he was the largest individual stock- 
holder in his company, which was the second 
largest in the West, and now has assets of over 

$6,000,000. Returning from Europe in 1881, he 
located in Chicago, and established the banking 
house of N. W. Harris & Co., which has branch 
houses at 1 5 Wall street, New York, and 70 State 
street, Boston. This house and its branches do a 
business covering transactions of over $20,000,000 
per annum, and make a specialty of dealing in 
state, county and city bonds, their business ex- 
tending throughout the United States. 

Mr. Harris is a member of the Union League 
Club. He is one of the trustees of the North- 
western University, and is a prominent member of 
the Methodist Church, while he is also connected 
with many societies of a charitable and benevolent 

Extremely fond of traveling, he has been 
through Europe twice, and has also traveled ex- 
tensively in this country. He was married Janu- 
ary i, 1867, to Miss Vallandingham, of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, who died in 1874. In 1879 ne was 
married to Miss Emma S. Gale, daughter of Dr. 
J. G. Gale, of Newton, New Hampshire. She is a 
great-granddaughter of Dr. Josiah Bartlett, at one 
time Governor of that state, and one of the sign- 
ers of the Declaration of Independence. They 
have four sons and one daughter. Mr. Harris has 
contributed to the architecture of Chicago by 
building a brown-stone house on Drexel boule- 
vard, where the family now reside. 

Mr. Harris is a man of robust health, strong 
constitution, and fine physique, being tall and 
well proportioned. Though his early education 
was somewhat limited, he possesses a good mind 
and is unusually well informed upon the current 
literature of the day, and with matters of public 
interest generally. Of a quiet disposition, he 
possesses exceedingly strong domestic tastes, and 




is much attached to his home, which he heartily 
enjoys. He is a shrewd, active and energetic 
business man, well informed on all matters of 
finance, and has a spotless reputation. Affable 

and genial in manner, he has a large circle of 
friends and acquaintances, and may justly be 
called one of Chicago's representative business 



THE circumstances attendant upon the birth 
of an individual, and the manner in which 
he is reared, do not always shape that individual's 
future, or do they emphasise it to the extent that 
natural ability, education and experience invari- 
ably do. To form an estimate of his success it 
is necessary to know what he has accomplished. 
The subject of this biography, the Hon. E. A. 
Otis, was born at Marengo, Calhoun county, 
Michigan, August 2, 1835, the son of Hon. Isaac 
and Caroline (Curtis) Otis. His parents were of 
English descent, and though natives of New 
York, and members of the Society of Friends, 
early emigrated to Michigan, 1 and were among 
the pioneers of that western country. Reared on 
the family homestead, he received his earlier 
education at Albion, Michigan, and subsequently 
entered Michigan University. On leaving there 
he determined upon the law as a profession, and 
entered the office of Hon. Joseph Miller, of 
Kalamazoo. Upon the completion of his studies, 
and after passing a very satisfactory examination, 
he was admitted to the bar in 1858, and almost 
immediately afterward joined his brother, Hon. 
George L. Otis, one of the leading lawyers of the 
State of Minnesota, in St. Paul, remaining there 
until the outbreak of the war. Commissioned 
lieutenant in the Second Minnesota Infantry 
Volunteers, a regiment which he assisted in 
organizing, he joined the army of the Cumber- 
land in October, 1861. Detailed on the staff of 
General R. W. Johnson, he served under that 
general's immediate command until after the 
battle of Shiloh, in which engagement he took an 
active part. Subsequently, Brigadier General 
VanCleve, the old colonel of the Second Minne- 
sota Regiment, desired that Captain Otis be 
assigned to duty on his own staff, and procured 
his appointment as assistant adjutant general. 
Occupying this position until the close of the 

war, he was actively engaged in all the campaigns 
of the Army of the Cumberland, participating in 
the battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Perryville 
and Chickamauga. Satisfied that the war was 
over, in December, 1864, he retired from the 
army, and, believing the Southern country would 
be open to Northern emigration, in 1865 he com- 
menced the practice of law in Nashville, Tennes- 
see, and subsequently took an active part in the 
reconstruction of that state. Commissioned 
chancellor in the Nashville chancery district of 
Tennessee, in 1868, he occupied this position for 
some twelve months, being the youngest man, up 
to that time, appointed to that office in Tennes- 
see. So great was the appreciation of his ability 
and thoroughness in the occupancy of the office, 
that, upon his deciding to remove to Chicago, 
and his consequent resignation of the position, 
his old associates of the Nashville bar met and 
passed resolutions eulogizing his industry and 
ability, copies of which were inserted in the 
public press of Nashville. They concluded with 
the request " that the Chancellor be moved to 
enter them on the records of the Chancery 
Court." During his residence in this state, he 
became acquainted with General George H. 
Thomas, sustaining warm personal relations with 
that distinguished soldier until the latter's death, 
and being employed by him in several suits in 
which the General's officers had been sued in 
connection with the reconstruction policy. He 
was also employed by Governor Brownlow to 
defend the constitutionality of Tennessee Fran- 
chise law, whereby confederate soldiers were 
excluded from voting. A Republican in politics, 
then as now, he was actively identified with the 
organization of the Republican party in Tennes- 
see, being one of the few Northern men who were 
prominent Republicans in the South, and who 
left there retaining the friendship of ex-rebels. 



Locating in Chicago, June loth, 1869, the 
Judge has been very successful. Along with an 
extensive chancery practice, he transacts a large 
amount of business for the national banks of this 
city. A thorough lawyer, his knowledge of the 
law is not confined to one particular branch. 
Fertile and original in ideas, and possessing a 
copious flow of language, his eminence as an 
advocate is admitted, while his methods of pre- 
senting his case, his general management of same, 
and the skillful manner in which he argues the 
various points of law before a court, are such as 
have won for him much admiration. 

In personal appearance, Judge Otis is of 
medium height and fair complexion. Much 
esteemed for his general urbanity, he is one who 
is accessible to all alike, while his reputation for 

those virtues possessed only by the true gentle- 
man honor, integrity and truthfulness is well 
known and incontrovertible. 

A prominent member of the Chicago Historical 
Society and the Chicago Literary Club, he is one 
of the founders of the Society of the Army of the 
Cumberland, and a member of the Loyal Legion 
and of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Belonging to a family of lawyers, he is one of 
five brothers all prominent and successful in the 
legal profession. An esteemed citizen and a 
prominent lawyer, Judge Otis has aided in shed- 
ding a luster upon the bar of this city. It is 
by the emulation of the principles and methods 
of such men as he that the younger members of 
the profession shall not only seek success, but 
shall find it. 



IN studying the lives and characters of promi- 
nent men, we are naturally led to inquire into 
the secret of their success, and the motives that 
prompted their action. Success is more often a 
matter of experience and sound judgment, than 
it is of genius, however bright. For when we 
trace the career of those whom the world 
acknowledges as being successful, and of those 
who stand highest in public esteem, we find almost 
in every case that they are those who have risen 
gradually, who have overcome seemingly insur- 
mountable difficulties, and who have by energy, 
honesty and self-reliance, attained the goal to 
which they aspired, and won for themselves that 
success which the possession of these character- 
istics almost invariably insures. 

The subject of this sketch William Houser 
Gray is a native of the Buckeye State, having 
been born at Piqua, Ohio, September 23, 1847. 
The son of Jacob C. and Catherine (Houser) Gray. 
His father was a contractor and builder, a native 
of Ohio, and a resident of the same neighborhood 
for over sixty years (Piqua, Ohio). He was a man 
who stood exceedingly high in his locality, and 
was a deacon of the Baptist Church for over fifty- 
five years, being familiarly known as " Deacon 
Gray," not only in the immediate neighborhood, 

but throughout the State. A great believer in, 
and a practical supporter of, every object tending 
to the advancement of education generally 
though the advantages he himself had received 
were few he gave all his children an excellent 
education. He died about ten years ago, aged 79, 
beloved and respected by all who knew him. 

Our subject's mother is the daughter of the late 
Jacob Houser, of Dayton, Ohio. She is still 
living, though at an advanced age, being in her 
7oth year, and is happy in the possession of all her 
faculties. Always identified with the work of the 
Baptist Church, she is a much esteemed member 
thereof, and a frequent attendant of the various 
meetings held in connection with same. She has 
reared a family of six children two boys and four 
girls Mr. J. H. Gray, of Cincinnati, Ohio, being 
one of the sons, and it is perhaps somewhat 
interesting to know that no member of this family 
has ever used tobacco in any shape or form. 

Receiving his early education in, and graduating 
from, the Piqua High School, Mr. Gray subse- 
quently entered Denison University, where he 
remained three years. 

His education being at length completed, he 
assisted his father in his building operations for a 
time, and afterwards entered the employ of the 




Lake Erie & Western Railroad Company as civil 
engineer. Upon the failure of this company, he 
entered into the lumber business at Piqua, Ohio, 
and continued thus engaged until after the great 
Chicago fire. Disposing of this concern in 1871, 
he then became connected with a life insurance 
company. His headquarters were at Indianapolis. 
Subsequently Mr. Gray was transferred to Ohio, 
and in 1877 he organized the Knight Templars 
and Masonic Mutual Aid Association, of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, which, under his management, became 
the leading company (of this class), at that time, 
in the United States. In 1883 he severed his 
connection with this company, leaving it in a 
highly flourishing condition, the result of his 
splendid organization. During the twelve months 
following he engaged in private business, at the 
end of which period he came to this city. May 
4th, 1884, he organized the "Knight Templars & 
Masons Life Indemnity Company, of Chicago, 
Illinois," and with this corporation as its general 
manager he has been identified ever since. The 
success with which this company has met, from 
the time of its organization up to the present 
date, has been truly phenomenal, and to-day it is 
the guarantee for upwards of twenty-six million 
dollars of insurance! a result which is mainly 
attributable to the efficient management and great 
administrative abilities of William Houser Gray. 

One of those who have aided in the develop- 
ment of the natural gas fields of Indiana, Mr. 
Gray owns the principal interest in that at Nobles- 
ville, Ind. He is an extensive owner of real 
estate; he possesses 12,800 acres of land in Texas, 
700 acres in Indiana, near Indianapolis, and 1,000 
acres in this State (111.). 

The originator of the company which removed 
the old Libby Prison to this city, he was at one 
period its treasurer, and, in fact, was the original 
and sole purchaser of the same. Upon its being 
disposed of to the syndicate who now own it, 
he resigned the position of treasurer after its 
removal to Chicago and completion. 

A member of the Union League and Marquette 
Clubs, he is also a member of St. Bernard Com- 
mandery (K. T.) and other Masonic bodies. 

One who has traveled extensively, his summer 
vacations are always spent on the coast of Maine, 
and here, together with his family, he enjoys 
at least once during the twelve months of the 
year, a thorough change and a much needed rest. 

In matters of religion Mr. Gray is a Baptist, 
though not an active member of the church. 

In politics a republican, though in no sense of 
the word a politician. 

Married February 17, 1881, to Miss Orpha Ella 
Buckingham, a graduate of the Mt. Carroll (111.) 
Seminary, the union .was blessed by three children, 
viz.: Ina B., aged eight years ; Willie B., aged six 
years, and Ralph B., aged two and one-half years. 

Was chairman of the " Ticket committee " of 
the 6th Knight Templars Charity Ball. He is a 
practical sympathiser with all objects of a ben- 
evolent nature, and is generous to a fault. 

In personal appearance, of medium height, dark 
hair and complexion. In manner he is courteous 
and refined. 

An ardent believer in the value of insurance to 
all, he himself carries upwards of one hundred 
thousand dollars. Personally and socially he 
possesses rare qualities, and as a public-spirited 
citizen, enjoys the esteem of all who know him. 



THE gentleman whose name heads this sketch 
is one of the most efficient and enterpris- 
ing manufacturing merchants in Chicago. He is 
a native of Boston, Mass., and was born August 
2, 1851, the son of Dudley R. Palmer, a native of 
New Hampshire, who removed to Boston at an 
early day, and was a prominent business man in 

was Anna Gibbs. His paternal grandfather, John 
Palmer, was a soldier in the war of the Revolu- 

Percival attended the public schools of Boston 
in his youth and graduated from the English 
High School in 1868. He started in life in the 
employ of Messrs. E. Allen & Co., prominent 

that city fifty years. His mother's maiden name jobbers in woolen goods in that city, and re- 



mained with them two years. He was then con- 
nected with Messrs. Springer Bros., wholesale 
cloak manufacturers of Boston, five years. In 
1879 he removed to Chicago, and there repre- 
sented Messrs. C. N. Carter & Co., of New York, 
in the same line of business, continuing until July, 
1877, when he entered the employ of Messrs. J. 
\V. Griswold & Co. Upon the retirement of Mr. 
J. W. Griswold from the firm, in 1887, he formed 
a partnership with Mr. E. P. Griswold, under the 
firm name of Griswold, Palmer & Co., where he 
has continued ever since. 

Mr. Palmer is now in the prime of life, and he 
possesses untiring energy, is quick of perception, 

forms his plans readily, and is bold in their exe- 
cution. He is pre-eminently a self-made man, 
and in connection with his partner, by their own 
exertions, have placed their house at the head of 
the business of manufacturing ladies' and chil- 
dren's cloaks in Chicago. 

Mr. Palmer belongs to the Union League and 
Hamilton clubs, of Chicago. He was married, in 
1877, to Miss Nellie F. Chapin, of Boston, Mass., 
the daughter of Nahum Chapin, a prominent man 
in political and business circles in that city. 
They have four sons and one daughter Dudley 
Chapin, Percival B., Jr., David H., Nahum Chapin 
and Lucy F. 



THERE is no business man of Chicago that 
stands higher amongst the mercantile 
community than John B. Kirk. He was born on 
November 8, 1842, in Utica, New York, and is 
the second son of James S. Kirk and Nancy Ann 
(Dunning) Kirk. His father was of Scottish ori- 
gin, a son of a celebrated civil engineer of Glas- 
gow, Scotland, who came to the United States 
whilst very young. He was educated in Mon- 
treal (Canada) Academy, and married in Ottawa 
in 1839. In the year of his marriage he located 
in Utica, New York, and entered into business 

Our subject obtained his education in the city 
of his birth, and upon commencing his mercantile 
life, entered into the business his father had 
founded in 1839, and his career has since been 
identified with the firm of James S. Kirk & Co. 

The success of the house of James S. Kirk & 
Co., which was founded in Utica in 1839, and has 
grown from a toddling infant at the time of its 
foundation until it is now a manufacturing giant, 
with an output larger than any plant of its kind, 
not only in this country, but in the entire world 
(its product amounting to 70,000,000 of pounds of 
soap annually, beside various other articles manu- 
factured), is unquestionably due to the firm busi- 
ness policy exercised by James S. Kirk during his 
life, and the valuable and practical assistance 
rendered to him by his elder sons, in whom he 

early in life engrafted the qualities necessary for 
a worthy business career. 

In 1859 tne fi rm removed to Chicago, and with 
the exception of the disastrous effects of the 
fire of 1871, which entailed a loss to them of a 
quarter of a million dollars, their career has been 
one of continued success. 

The firm reorganized immediately after the 
fire, and through the hearty co-operation of all 
the members of the Kirk family, the business was 
soon on a substantial footing, and it has con- 
tinued on the road of prosperity ever since. 

Through the ingenuity of John B. Kirk and his 
brothers, the process of manufacturing soap has 
been revolutionized, and many labor-saving meth- 
ods have been devised. 

John B. Kirk's acknowledged ability as a 
financier induced the directors of the American 
Exchange National Bank to choose him for the 
position of vice-president, and afterward president, 
which positions he has creditably filled since 1889. 

On October 4, 1866, our subject was married 
to Miss Mac Vean of this city. The couple are 
blessed with four children. Their names in order 
of birth are: James M., Frederick I., Josephine, 
and the baby Susie, a child of eighteen months. 

The Northwestern University, located at 
Evanston, is widely known as one of the leading 
educational institutions of the West, and its 
reputation is constantly increasing. This worthy 





25 1 

enterprise has always found a warm sympathizer 
and friend in Mr. Kirk. He is a member of the 
executive committee, and a trustee of that insti- 
tution, and has always been ready to assist both 
financially and personally any movement that had 
the good of the university for its object. 

Oratory and elocution are two of the grandest 
of man's accomplishments, and to stimulate these 
grand arts, Mr. Kirk has donated an annual prize 
of $100, to be awarded to the successful competi- 
tor in the annual oratorical contest held by the 
senior students of the university. One of the most 
interesting and longed-for events is this annual 
contest; and it may be true that some modern 
Demosthenes will owe his success as an orator to 
the fact that his natural powers were stimulated 
by a strong desire to be victorious in the annual 
oratorical contest for the "Kirk Prize." 

Our subject's good deeds in the assistance of 
efforts to advance the cause of education have 
not been confined to helping the Northwestern 
University ; but all worthy objects that have the 
improvement of facilities for advancing the citi- 
zens of this country in education find in him a 
ready and willing sympathizer and friend. 

Mr. Kirk has a particular fondness for medical 
investigation and study, and it is probable that 
had he not been influenced by his father, who de- 
sired him to enter the business that was his pride, 
he would have chosen the medical profession 
rather than the life of a business man ; and it 
being true that ability will show itself and make 
itself known no matter in what field it is placed, 

this worthy profession would have had a worthy 
member of its body in John B. Kirk. 

Amongst the residents of Evanston, Mr. Kirk 
has made, through his upright and honorable rec- 
ord, many sincere friends, and there is no man at 
present residing in that suburban city that holds 
a higher position amongst its residents, nor is 
more highly esteemed than he is. He is not only 
admired for his honorable conduct to his fellow 
men, and for his generous hospitality, but he is 
also esteemed for his many acts of true charity. 
One of his neighbors remarks, " that no deserving 
object is ever refused charity by John B. Kirk " 

In recapitulating the events of his life, we must 
not overlook Mrs. Kirk, who, by her high appre- 
ciation of what is right, and by her assistance and 
sympathy for all that is good, and her kindly di- 
rection, has vastly assisted Mr. Kirk to reach the 
high position he now holds. She is esteemed 
fully as much as Mr. Kirk, and no lady in Evans- 
ton is more truly honored and admired. 

In summing up the events of the life of John 
B. Kirk, it can be stated that his career has been 
such as to warrant the trust and confidence of 
the business world ; that he has always tried to 
transact his business matters in the same honor- 
able manner that placed his father before him in 
such a high and esteemed position in the business 
community. With a record unsullied and a high 
degree of ability, no business man of Chicago is 
better spoken of by his associates, than the presi- 
dent of the American Exchange National Bank, 
the worthy subject of this sketch, John B. Kirk. 



THE subject of this sketch is essentially a 
self-made man. Thrown upon his own 
resources at the early age of nine years, he com- 
menced the battle of life, and at seventeen, upon 
the breaking out of the late civil war, he enlisted 
as a three months' volunteer, and afterward was a 
volunteer " for three years or the war." He was 
born in Chicago, January 5th, 1844, his parents re- 
moving here in 1834 from Rochester, New York. 

After the expiration of his three months' ser- 
vice he re-enlisted in Company I, Fifty-first Reg- 

iment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and was made 
sergeant. In June, 1862, he was transferred to 
Company E, Sixty-seventh Regiment Illinois In- 
fantry, and promoted to a lieutenancy, and in 
August following, a company was recruited under 
the auspices of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation of Chicago, and he was elected its captain. 
This was known as Company D, Seventy-second 
Regiment Illinois Infantry. He commanded the 
regiment at the battles of Columbia, Duck River, 
Spring Hill, Franklin and Nashville, Tenn., and 



through the Nashville campaign. In 1865 he was 
assigned to duty on the staff of General A. J. 
Smith, Sixteenth Army Corps, Acting Provost 
Marshal, and served till the close of the war, 
making for himself a brilliant record. After the 
close of the war he was commissioned first- 
lieutenant in the regular army, but resigned, and 
next engaged in cotton raising in Alabama. Two 
years later, in 1867, he returned to Chicago, leav- 
ing his plantation in charge of an overseer, and 
there associated himself with Mr. John Jackson, 
under the firm name of Jackson & Sexton, in a 
stove foundry. This firm was succeeded by that 
of Messrs. J. A. & T. S. Sexton, and was con- 
ducting business at No. 176 Lake street at the 
time of the great fire of October 8-9, 1871. In 
1872 the firm was changed to Cribben, Sex- 
ton & Co., and the increase of business justi- 
fied the erection of spacious warerooms at Nos. 
75 and 77 Lake street, and then followed the 
purchase of the McArthur Iron Works, at Nos. 
52 to 58 Erie street, where they began the man- 

ufacture of stoves and grey enamel hollowware. 
The firm is at present (1892) composed of Henry 
Cribben, James A. Sexton and Will H. Cribben. 

Colonel Sexton takes an active interest in 
Grand Army affairs, and is the Past Department 
Commander of the Grand Army of the Republic 
in Illinois. He is a member of the Loyal Legion, 
the Chicago Union Veteran Club and the Veteran 
Union League, and is a Mason 6f high degree. 

There is no better attest of Colonel Sexton's 
popularity and worth, and the universal satisfac- 
tion with which his candidacy for the postmaster- 
ship was received, than in the fact that in the 
great city of Chicago, where presidents may be 
said to be made, and the party of which he is a 
member has so many calls upon the administra- 
tion for political favors, he found no one willing 
to be his earnest competitor. " That the man 
deserved the office and that the office deserves 
the man," has been demonstrated by the reforms 
that have been inaugurated in all departments of 
the office and the perfect discipline that prevails. 



A LEXANDER L. DEWAR, a prominent 
\. banker of Chicago, and cashier of the 
American Exchange National Bank, was born at 
Glasgow, Scotland, on August 6, 1852. 

His father, Plummer Dewar, was a native of the 
West India Islands but was of Scottish parentage, 
being able to trace his ancestry back for several 
centuries. His mother was Eliza Pew Dewar, a lady 
of English extraction but a resident of Jamaica, 
where his parents were married. Shortly after 
this marriage our subject's parents removed to 
Scotland, locating at Edinburgh, but later remov- 
ing to Glasgow where Alexander was born. In 
1855, when our subject had reached the inter- 
esting age of three, the Dewar family moved to 
Canada, where he passed his boyhood and ob- 
tained his school education. His first business 
experience was in the same business as he is now 
in, and in 1868 he became a clerk in the British 
Bank at Hamilton, Ont. Even at that time Mr. 
Dewar manifested great ability and fulfilled his 
duties so faithfully that his promotions were 

rapidly made, and in a short time he stood 
so well with the directorate of the institution 
that he, at the age of nineteen, was sent to New 
York to fill the position of teller (a very high 
position) in the branch of the bank in that city. 
He continued in the employment of the British 
Bank until 1875 when he returned to Canada to 
accept a position with the Bank of Commerce, 
located at Montreal, with branches at Toronto 
and Woodstock ; he occupied a prominent posi- 
tion with this bank in Canada for some years, and 
in 1 88 1 was delegated to manage a branch of the 
Bank in Chicago, which he did satisfactorily, and 
continued its controlling spirit until 1886, when 
the bank transferred its surplus capital to New 
York and discontinued the Chicago business. 

Then Mr. Dewar organized the American Ex- 
change National Bank, transferring the business he 
controlled whilst with the old concern to the new 
organization. Mr. Dewar has always been the 
cashier of the bank, and it is conceded by the 
banking houses to be largely due to his inde- 




fatigable efforts and firm policy that the bank 
occupies so prominent a position amongst the 
leading banking houses of the country as it now 
does. Mr. Dewar is a young man of thirty-nine, 
and his success stands out prominently as a shin- 
ing example of what honesty and integrity com- 
bined with foresight and firmness have accom- 
plished for a number of our prominent citizens. 

In 1875, Mr. Dewar was married to Miss Grace 
M. Mackenzie, of Hamilton, Ont.; his wife is a 
descendant of an old Scotch family. The couple 
are blessed with seven handsome children, four 
boys and three girls ; their names and ages are : 
Fred, aged sixteen ; Harold, aged fourteen ; Elsie, 
aged eleven ; Maud, aged nine ; John, aged seven, 
and Nellie, the youngest daughter, a sweet child 
of five, and Arthur, the baby. 

Mr. Dewar's political creed is strongly Repub- 
lican. He believes that the legislation of the Re- 
publican party has always been such as to im- 
prove the condition of the people, and ever since 
he has become a citizen of this, the country of 
his adoption, he has been a stalwart follower of 
the doctrines of Garfield and Elaine. In religion 
Mr. Dewar is a Presbyterian. 

Mr. Dewar is a man of quiet tastes and habits; 

he has been tendered positions both in social 
clubs and in public institutions, but having only 
a limited amount of time to spare away from his 
business, in which he takes a personal pleasure, 
and having no desire to appear conspicuous, he 
has always refused, knowing the place for a man 
to find true happiness is in the bosom of his 
family ; he deems the spot where a man can most 
truly find pleasure and true content to be that 
place sanctioned by God, man's heaven on earth, 
within the family circle of his home; and our 
subject outside of his business affairs has one 
supreme thought and that is, to increase the 
happiness of his family, if it be possible to do so. 
Such is his biography. He is a man who is 
honored and respected by all of his acquaint- 
ances, with a clear record, holding a high position 
amongst the representative business men of Chi- 
cago, esteemed for his business ability, and re- 
spected for his integrity by all that know him ; 
with a cheerful home and a happy family, he is a 
living example of what honesty of purpose and 
attention to business, combined with a forcible 
character and a high sense of the honorable, can 
accomplish, and does accomplish, to force men 
to a high position in the business community. 



OWING to the conspicuous place attained by 
the subject of this sketch in his life-time, 
his name has for many years been a familar one. 
He was born in Kilmarnock, County of Ayr, 
Scotland, on February 10, 1842. He received a 
good English education at the academy in his 
native town, and after leaving school became an 
apprenticed druggist there. He served four 
years in that capacity, and then went to the city 
of Glasgow and spent four years more as a drug- 
gist's apprentice. Having now acquired a thor- 
ough and practical knowledge of pharmacy, he 
went to the town of Kinross, Scotland, and estab- 
lished himself inbusineson his own account, meet- 
ing with good success from the start. However, 
his enterprising spirit, energy and ambition de- 
manded a broader field of action, and it was to 
gratify this that he closed out his business in the 

year 1865, and left Auld Scotland to try his for- 
tune in the then enterprising and thriving young 
city of the West. Upon his arrival in Chicago, 
Mr. Dale was for a short time in the employ of 
Messrs. Buck & Rayner, pharmacists, after which 
he established the firm of Dale & Heiland, and 
located in business at No. 155 South Clark street, 
where he continued until the great fire of October 
8 and 9, 1871. During the following year the 
business was conducted on the West Side, but 
upon the completion of a new building, was re- 
established at the old stand and there continued 
until 1879, when Mr. Dale established his cele- 
brated pharmacy, so widely and popularly known, 
at the northeast corner of Clark and Madison 
streets. He continued to conduct this with 
marked success until his decease, which occurred 
at Charlevoix, Michigan, on July 30, 1887. 



Mr. Dale was a man of marked personal traits, 
and possessed qualities of mind and heart that 
greatly endeared him to a very wide circle of 
friends. As a business manager he was prompt, 
enterprising, far-sighted and judicious, and had a 
firmness and decision of purpose that never rested 
with anything short of honorable success. He 
was a man of generous impulses, charitable and 
kind, and gave liberally to worthy objects. In 
social circles he was a prominent character, and 
was especially a favorite in the Scotch society of 

Chicago, and by all who knew him, esteemed an 
upright and honorable citizen. 

Mr. Dale was married on June I, 1869, to Miss 
Mary Walker, of Glasgow, Scotland, who, with 
five children William Wallace, Christina, Alice, 
Jessie and Margaret survive him. Since her 
husband's decease, Mrs. Dale has continued the 
business, having associated with herself, as part- 
ner, Mr. - - Sempill, formerly an employ^ of 
Mr. Dale's, under the firm name of Dale & 



CHARLES TRUAX was born on Septem- 
ber 24, 1852, at Milton, Rock county, 
Wisconsin. The first of this gentleman's family 
in America was Mr. Phillippe De Truex, who 
settled at New Amsterdam (now New York), in 
1633 (see records " Dutch Manuscripts" at Al- 
bany, N. Y., vol. 2, p. 27) ; and his son, born on 
April 21, 1642, was the first white child born on 
Manhattan Island. Several members of this 
family immigrated to America in 1623 on account 
of the persecutions of the Huguenots in France. 

The parents of the subject of our sketch Dr. 
Galloway Truax and Mary (Stiles) Truax were 
pioneer settlers in Jackson county, Iowa. The 
former, an old and highly respected physician 
and expert chemist of Maquoketa, la., now re- 
sides at Ravenswood, a suburb of Chicago. The 
family have a decided predilection for medicine 
and surgery. A brother, Dr. H. E. Truax, prac- 
ticing at Auburn Park, enjoys a good practice. 
Two sisters, Mrs. H. L. Heberling and Miss 
Fannie Truax, are residents of Chicago. 

Mr. Truax's early education was limited to what 
might be acquired in the common schools of the 
day. At the age of sixteen he commenced an 
apprenticeship in the drug business with his 
father, but failing health compelled him to aban- 
don it at twenty, and going West, he spent two 
years "roughing it ;" and during that time, being 
of a scientific turn of mind, he collected many 
geological specimens and other materials for a 
private museum of natural history, which he has 
in his cozy, comfortable home at Ravenswood. 

While in the West he had. many interesting and 
thrilling experiences on the plains as a cowboy. 
The ambition of his early days, to job goods, re- 
turned with his health, and upon returning to 
Maquoketa in 1875, he entered into partnership 
with his father, and commenced a brilliant busi- 
ness career as junior partner of G. Truax and 
Son, dealers in physicians' supplies. In 1880, 
finding the shipping facilities of Maquoketa in- 
adequate for their increasing trade, he sold out 
his interest in the business and removed to Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, where he established and conducted 
a business in his own name. Two years later 
Mr. C. W. Bassett, of Cedar Rapids, became a 
partner in the business, which was thereafter con- 
ducted under the firm name of Charles Truax & 
Co. In 1884, their trade having greatly increased 
east of the Mississippi, the firm removed to Chi- 
cago for the same reasons that induced Mr. Truax 
to remove to Cedar Rapids. 

In 1887, Dr. F. C. Greene, an ambitious and 
highly respectable physician of Chicago, and a 
member of the Chicago Medical Society, was ad- 
mitted into the firm as a partner and the business 
was incorporated without change of name, and 
since that time they have enjoyed as before a 
highly prosperous business. 

Mr. Truax, the subject of this sketch, is to-day 
at the head of the largest physicians' supply house 
in the world, located at Nos. 75 and 77 Wabash 
avenue, Chicago, and employing over one hun- 
dred and forty people. Mr. Truax may justly 
claim the honor of having been the pioneer in 



successfully developing this branch of business in 
the United States. In the summer of 1888 he 
went to Europe on a pleasure and business trip, 
visiting England, Scotland, Ireland, France, Ger- 
many and Austria. While abroad he received an 
invitation to address the British Medical Society, 
an honor which no other tradesman has ever been 
accorded by that august body. He has traveled 
extensively in his own country, and made several 
trips to the Pacific slope. 

Mr. Truax is a member of many secret socie- 
ties, but takes particular pride in masonry. He 
was made a Master Mason in Mt. Herman 
Lodge, No. 263, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1881, 
and was honored by being elected Senior Warden 
within eight months after his initiation ; exalted 
to the Royal Arch degree in 1882, in Trowell 
Chapter, No. 49, and created a Knight Templar in 
1883 in Apollo Commandery, No. 26, Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa. He is at present a member of 
Evanston Commandery, No. 49, and also a noble 
of the Mystic Shrine. As founder of Ravens- 
wood Lodge, Chicago, No. 777, in 1886, he was 
W. M. for three years. Mr. Truax is also a mem- 
ber of the American Pharmaceutical Society. 
He is considerable of a sportsman, his favorite 
sport being brook trout fishing. He has made 
such a remarkable record during the past three 
years that a leading railroad corporation has had 
it printed in circulars for distribution, as an adver- 
tisement among the sportsmen of the Northwest. 
He attends the Universalist church, and in poli- 
tics has always been a Republican. None of the 
family, however, have had political aspirations. 

He was married February 6, 1876, to Miss 
Mary Wolff, the daughter of Mr. P. A. Wolff, of 
Maquoketa, Iowa, a prominent Democratic politi- 
cian. He has been unusually happy in his 
domestic life, and is the happy father of three 
beautiful children, viz.: Edith, Ruth and Carl. 

Mr. Truax is a man of much ingenuity, having 
invented many valuable improvements in surgical 
instruments. He has delivered addresses before 
the National Association of Railway Surgeons at 
Kansas City, Missouri, and at Buffalo, New York, 
and also before the Mississippi Valley Medical 
Society, at St. Louis, on amputations from the 
standpoint of a surgical instrument maker, and 
kindred topics. 

His career has been eminently successful, and 
he has the proud satisfaction of knowing that it 
is attributable to his own energy, industry, per- 
severance and honorable dealing. He is the 
architect and builder of his own fortune. Com- 
mencing in business for himself in a small way, 
he has grown with it, and been from the start 
the inspiring, directing and controlling spirit at 
the helm. While he cannot be said to be exactly 
a self-made man, since his father is an educated 
physician, chemist and pharmacist, and the son 
had the advantage of parental tuition, yet he 
owes what he is to himself essentially, and is an 
example of manly independence and self-reliance. 

Notwithstanding his success, while yet young, 
he has none of the pretense of a vain man and 
none of the hesitancy of a weak one, but moves 
about his business with the fullest consciousness 
of his ability to manage and conduct it in detail. 



THE subject of our sketch was born at Mans- 
field, Ohio, in the year 1857. He is de- 
scended from Britons, who immigrated to this 
country a century ago, and settled in New Bed- 
ford, Massachusetts. Dr. Greene's father, Mr. H. 
N. Greene, removed to Mansfield, Ohio, where he 
was for several years engaged in the jewelry busi- 
ness. In 1870 he removed to Philadelphia, where 
better facilities for business were offered, and was 
here engaged in banking until 1883, when he re- 

tired from business and traveled for several years 
until he located in Chicago in 1886. Mr. Greene 
was a prominent man in Mansfield, especially in 
religious circles. He was of the Episcopalian per- 
suasion, and was an earnest and zealous worker 
in the cause, holding high official positions in the 
church ; he was also deeply interested in Sunday- 
school work, being at one time superintendent of 
a school in Philadelphia. 

Mrs. Emma (Catlin) Greene, mother of Dr. 



Greene, comes of very sturdy and rugged stock, 
tracing her ancestry to the early settlers of New 
York city. Mrs. Greene was a very literary 
woman, spending much time in study and re- 
search, but was withal a model housewife and 
very much devoted to husband and children. 

Dr. Greene has one brother David Russell 
Greene a resident of Chicago, and a member of 
the Chicago Stock Exchange. He has also one 
sister Marie Pauline Greene a brilliant and 
charming young society lady. She is quite young, 
having made her debut only last season. Miss 
Greene has strong literary tastes, is an art con- . 
noisseur and a devotee of Delsarte, the study of 
his " poetry of motion" contributing in no small 
degree to her graceful and charming manner. 
She formerly studied under Boucicault and De- 

Dr. Greene acquired his early education in the 
public schools of Mansfield, and later took a three 
years' course in Peddie Institute, Hightstown, 
New Jersey, finishing in 1877, and, having to some 
degree pursued the study of medicine previously, 
he then entered the Jefferson Medical College, 
from which he graduated in 1880 with high 
honors, and received the degree of M. D. at the 
age of twenty-one. For eighteen months there- 
after he prosecuted his studies and practiced in 
the Charity Hospital, New York City. Not being 
satisfied with his store of medical information, 
and desiring further study, he crossed the Atlantic 
and matriculated in Heidelberg University, re- 
maining three years, at the end of which time, 
1 884, he received a certificate from that institution. 
Upon returning to the United States he located 
in Chicago, intending to practice medicine for 
which he was so well prepared ; but this life was 
not to his taste, and, in 1886, he entered the firm 

of Charles Truax and Company, physicians' sup- 
plies, with which firm he is still connected, the 
firm name being changed in 1891 to Charles 
Truax, Greene and Company. This house is the 
largest of its kind in the world, and ships goods 
to all parts of America and Europe, handling 
specialties which can be obtained nowhere else 
on the globe. 

Dr. Greene has traveled quite extensively both 
in Europe and the Orient, as well as in his own 
country. He spent four years in Europe, the 
greater part of the time, however, being consumed 
in study and research. He has always had a 
fondness for athletic sports of all kinds, his rugged 
constitution and fine physique bearing testimony 
to the beneficial results of such exercise. He is 
especially fond of hunting and yachting, at which 
sports he spends much of his leisure time. 

Religiously, Dr. Greene has always coincided 
in his father's views, adhering to the Episcopalian 
church. In politics, following in the footsteps of 
his worthy parent, he casts his ballot for the Re- 
publican party. Dr. Greene holds membership in 
many of the leading aristocratic clubs, such as the 
University Club, Sunset Club and Twentieth 
Century Club. In 1882 he was made a Mason in 
Continental Lodge, No. 297, in New York City. 

Dr. Greene is one of the few examples we have 
of professional men who have made successful 
business men. He is a typical, ambitious, pro- 
gressive, enterprising young Chicagoan of which 
our city is so justly proud. He has been emi- 
nently successful in his business career, and his 
prospects from a financial standpoint are excep- 
tionally bright. Dr. Greene is quite a society 
leader, being of a genial disposition, generous im- 
pulses, hospitable and very popular among those 
with whom he is best known. 



MALCOLM McNEIL is prominent among 
the self-made men of Chicago. He was 
born on September 12, 1832, in Ardrie, Scot- 
land, where his father, Daniel McNeil, had been 
engaged in business as a merchant and operator 
of coal mines located in that vicinity. His 

mother, whose maiden name was Jane Crichton, 
was a shrewd business woman, and, foreseeing 
better prospects in America for her children, Mal- 
colm and John, and their sister, Anna, she caused 
the business in Scotland to be wound up, and in 
1848 the family embarked for the United States. 



After an ocean voyage of six weeks, and a ten 
days' journey west from New York, they reached 
their destination, the village of Dundee, in Illinois. 

Our subject spent his early manhood in assist- 
ing his parents on the farm, near Dundee. He 
managed this, his first enterprise, with care and 
skill, and thus early in life displayed the ability 
for conducting business affairs that has since 
made him conspicuous among Chicago's successful 

Tiring of the monotony and routine of farm 
life, and desiring a broader field for the employ- 
ment of his abilities, he in 1858 turned his atten- 
tion to mercantile pursuits. He first opened a 
grocery store at Elgin, 111., but later enlarged his 
business and became a dealer in general merchan- 
dise, dealing in everything usually handled by a 
merchant in a small town, such as groceries, hard- 
ware, dry goods, clothing, boots and shoes, hats 
and caps, and millinery goods. 

Good judgment and careful attention to busi- 
ness, which have been characteristic of him 
throughout his career, made his business in Elgin 
a wonderful success, so that he controlled the 
largest trade in that city. 

In 1871, the destruction of Chicago by fire 
drew the attention of the mercantile world to the 
advantages of that city as the future great dis- 
tributing center of the United States. Among 
those who with foresight and grit determined to 
cast their future with this great undeveloped mar- 
ket, was Malcolm McNeil. He pictured to him- 
self the advantages to be found there, and dis- 
posed of his business interests at Elgin, but still 
retained possession of his two farms, which he 
still holds, deeming them good financial invest- 

In the year 1872, he organized the wholesale 
grocery house of McNeil & Higgins, composed of 
Malcolm McNeil, J. McNeil and Charles Higgins, 
which for twenty years has continued upon its 
prosperous course. During all this time, Malcolm 
McNeil, with a steady hand, hopeful heart and 
clear brain, has directed its affairs, and been its 
controlling spirit through all the financial troubles 
that have swept over our country, until now, 
when it has reached its present mammoth propor- 
tions, he can look over his business career of 
nearly a quarter of a century, and feel the satis- 
faction of knowing that his record is above re- 

proach. Naturally, this firm entering a field 
where houses with an already established reputa- 
tion virtually controlled the business tributary to 
Chicago, found no little difficulty in obtaining a 
foothold. Mr. McNeil was always ready to adapt 
himself to circumstances, and at the outset of his 
career as a Chicago jobber, personally carried a 
line of samples, and solicited trade among the 
merchants of Illinois, and can tell the trials of a 
traveling man representing an unknown house. 

At the present time (1892), the McNeil and 
Higgins Company (an incorporated institution 
since 1888), with a paid-up capital of $500,000, is 
as widely and favorably known as any wholesale 
grocery house in the West, and its army of travel- 
ing salesmen, more than fifty in number, dispose 
of a great bulk of goods in a territory reaching 
over the entire West and Northwest. The house 
has always appreciated faithful service, and, upon 
its incorporation under the laws of the State, re- 
warded four deserving young men by presenting 
them with fifty thousand dollars' worth of stock 
therein. Since its incorporation our subject has 
been the presiding officer of the company. 

To a nature as active and ambitious as Mr. 
McNeil's, the advantages of investments in re- 
sponsible financial institutions became apparent. 
He is a large stockholder and a director in the 
Chemical Trust and Savings Bank, whose direc- 
tors, appreciating his ability as a financier, and 
knowing that he held the esteem and confidence 
of the community, elected him president of that 
institution, an office which he filled until the 
stress of his other business affairs compelled him, 
much to his regret, to decline a re-election. He 
was one of the organizers of the Columbia Nation- 
al Bank, and became one of its directors upon its 
organization. Mr. McNeil has been twice mar- 
ried. First, in 1859, to Miss Catherine Dempster, 
who was the first white child born in Dundee, 
Illinois. She was a daughther of A. R. Dempster, 
Esq., and a niece of William Dempster, well known 
as a musical composer, being the author of " The 
May Queen," " Irish Emigrant's Lament," and 
more than fifty other compositions. Mrs. Mc- 
Neil inherited musical tastes, and was in all re- 
spects a true helpmate. She died after eleven 
years of happy married life, her only child, named 
Daniel, dying at the age of four years. 

In 1870, Mr. McNeil was married to Miss Orel 



Martin, daughter of Charles Martin, of Wayne, 
Illinois. Of seven children who have beer, born 
to them, six are now living, viz: Nora, Ella, Gor- 
don, Marvin, Charles and Jeanie. Mr. McNeil is 
a member of the Baptist denomination, and a 
zealous worker in the cause of religion, ever ready 
both with purse and heart to assist any enter- 
prise tending to better his fellow men. 

Mrs. McNeil, who is in entire sympathy with 
her husband in all his worthy deeds, is an active 
worker in the church, and a leader in benevolent 

enterprises. She is charitably disposed, and com- 
bines all of those graces that are commendable 
in a happy wife and mother, and is loved by all 
that know her. 

In politics Mr. McNeil has always been a strong 
Republican, but at present belongs to that great 
body of business men who are knfwn as Tariff 
Reform Republicans. Mr. McNeil's life has been 
a success, and amply illustrates what may be ac- 
complished by one who has ambition, foresight 
and grit, combined with an honest purpose. 



THE subject of this sketch is a well known and 
justly eminent member of the Chicago bar. 
He is not one of the many who have risen from 
obscurity into the blaze of ephemeral prosperity, 
but he has risen to a high position as a lawyer 
and a citizen by a gradual and constant advance, 
every succcessive step having been wisely and 
happily chosen ; a career no less honorable to 
himself than useful to others. 

Mr. Quick is a native of New Jersey, and was 
born on 13th day of January, 1837. His father 
was John S. Quick, formerly an enterprising and 
prosperous merchant of New York City, and his 
mother was Mary (nee Roberts), a lady of many 
'womanly virtues. 

Mr. Quick received the rudiments of his educa- 
tion in the grammar school of Columbia College, 
New York, and later attended the Episcopal 
Academy at Cheshire, Conn. He entered Trinity 
College, Hartford, Conn., and there pursued his 
higher studies in literature and the languages, 
graduating with honor in the class of 1858, and is 
the president of the alumni association of that 

Full of a desire for learning, and the highest 
branches of culture and education, he went to 
Europe and attended lectures at the university in 
Leipsic, Germany, an institution of world-wide 
renown. Returning to New York, he read law 
with the firm of Messrs Scudder and Carter, com- 
posed of Henry J. Scudder and James C. Carter. 
He finished his course in jurisprudence and was 
admitted to the bar in New York City in 1862. 

He practiced law there with success for some 
time and then removed to Chicago, where he 
practiced alone until 1871, when he entered into 
partnership with Mr. George Herbert, an able and 
well-known lawyer. These gentlemen collected a 
magnificent law library, but this, together with the 
well-chosen and extensive private library of Mr. 
Quick, was consumed in the geat fire of 1871. 
This partnership continued doing a very large and 
lucrative general law business until 1876, when 
Mr. John S. Miller was admitted, the firm name 
becoming Herbert, Quick and Miller, and so con- 
tinuing until the demise of Mr. Herbert. The 
firm continued under the title of Quick and Mil- 
ler until within a few years; since then Mr. Quick 
has practiced by himself. He is a well and wide- 
ly read lawyer, who is patient in research of au- 
thorities, possessed of an analytical mind and 
sound reasoning, logical in discourse, and with a 
profound knowledge of the details and intricacies 
of his profession. 

In the Chicago Law Times of July, 1888, Judge 
C. V. Waite writes of him as follows : 

" Though Mr. Quick has always avoided an ac- 
tive participation in public affairs, yet without soli- 
citation on his part he has been much talked of in 
his own party as an eligible candidate for Con- 
gress, owing to his high standing in his profession 
as a lawyer of commanding ability, as a prominent 
member of the Iroquois Club and of the county 
Democracy, as one of the pillars in Grace Church, 
a power in social and business circles, and an active 
and energetic man." 



Mr. Quick has passed to the Knight Templar's 
degree in Masonry, and is a much respected mem- 
ber of that august organization, and is a Past Emi- 
nent Commander of Montjoie Commandery of 
Chicago. In social life he is polished and refined, 
yet plain and unostentatious in his manner, a great 
favorite with the members of the bar, and indeed 
with all classes. 

His great erudition, his pure professional and 
social ethics and his conversational powers render 
him a welcome and interesting guest in every cir- 
cle. Mr. Quick has a fine presence, is of medium 
size and height, with high, broad forehead, blue 
eyes, and a luxuriant growth of auburn hair tinged 
by the hand of time with silver. He was married 
to Miss Henrietta B. Carter, the esteemed and ac- 
complished daughter of the late H. ( Kendall Car- 
ter, of Hartford, Conn., and they have an inter- 

esting family, consisting of one daughter and 
three sons. 

As before stated, the fine private library of Mr. 
Quick was largely destroyed by fire, but he imme- 
diately set to work gathering together a new one, 
and to-day there are probably few in Chicago who 
possess such an extensive and varied collection of 
choice, rare, antique and modern works as he. 
The collection is the work of years, and it contains 
some rare books of immense value, and Mr. Quick 
is naturally proud of his collection. Being also a 
lover of art, he has managed to secure a fine col- 
lection of beautiful paintings of both the old and 
modern school, which adorn his home ; and it 
might be truly stated that outside of his profes- 
sional life, it is in the quietude of his home and 
library that he takes the keenest delight and en- 



'~T"*HE subject of this sketch, Cornelius K. G. 
-L Billings, was born at Saratoga Springs, N. 
Y., September 17, 1862, the son of Albert M. and 
Augusta S. (Farnsworth) Billings. His parents 
were both natives of Vermont, whence they 
removed to New York, and after a residence 
there of two years, in 1864 removed to Chicago. 
The father of our subject was president of the 
People's Gas Light and Coke Company prior to 
1887, in which year he was succeeded in that office 
by his son, our subject. Cornelius received his early 
education in the public schools of Chicago, and 
in 1873 entered the grammar department of 
Racine College, Racine, Wis. He spent the 
following six years in passing through the various 
courses of study in that institution, and was 
graduated with the class of 1879. Returning to 
Chicago, he entered the business of which his 
father was president, his first position being that 
of errand boy, and successively passed through 
the various stages and departments, until, upon 
the retirement of his father from the office, he 
was elected his successor. By thus commencing 
at the lowest rung of the ladder and working up 
through the various grades, young Billings gained 
a thoroughly practical and intimate knowledge of 

all the details of this great corporation's affairs, a 
knowledge that must prove of inestimable value 
to him in his responsible position. And it may 
be safely asserted that his knowledge of gas, its 
properties and manufacture, is unsurpassed by 
that of any man in Chicago. He is a director of 
the Home National Bank, and also the Home 
Savings Bank, and in 1889 was one of the West 
Chicago park commissioners. He is also a 
director of the World's Columbian Exposition, 
having been elected to this office by the stock- 
holders at their meeting in April, 1890. He has 
been a trustee of the Illinois Club five years. He 
is a member of the Chicago, the Union League, 
the La Salle, the Washington Park Driving and 
of numerous other prominent clubs of Chicago. 
He is not identified with any church organization, 
but holds, however, Congregational views in 
matters of religious belief. 

In politics he is a staunch Republican, and 
takes an active interest in political affairs, both 
local and State, and by his party was appointed 
West Park commissioner already referred to. 
He was married in 1885 to Miss Blanche Mac- 
Leish, daughter of Andrew MacLeish, of Chicago, 
of the dry-goods firm of Chas. Gossage & Co. 



They have one child, a daughter, now six years 
of age. 

Mr. Billings is a man of medium height, of 
robust build and light complexion, and generally 
of fine appearance and pleasing address. He is 
genial and sociable, courteous and affable, and 

withal open-hearted and generous, and con- 
tributes liberally to all worthy objects. He is a 
thorough business man and has great capability 
for work, and as President of the People's Gas- 
light, Heat and Coke Company is well known 
and highly respected. 



in Durham, New Hampshire, May 9, 
1838. Throughout his distinguished career he 
was highly successful in all his undertakings. He 
was a patriotic citizen, a brave soldier, a wise 
legislator. He was a man of fine intellect, and a 
gentleman under all circumstances. No man was 
more respectful to others. No man carried him- 
self with greater decorum or dignity. There was 
a charm in his conversation not often found. He 
also had a keen sense of humor, which made him 
an entertaining companion. He had unspotted 
integrity, and honor unimpeached. His bearing 
and address were characterized by simplicity and 
modesty. Though his environments from his 
youth were all that could have been desired, 
yet he was a born leader, and would have suc- 
ceeded no matter what his condition in life might 
have been. 

His ancestors were of sturdy New England 
stock. Hon. Ebenzer Thompson, his great- 
grandfather, was one of the most distinguished 
men of his day, being Counselor of the State of 
New Hampshire under the temporary constitu- 
tion, and again, under the State constitution, 
member of the Committee of Safety, and for 
many years Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 
and Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature. 
Captain Ebenezer Thompson, grandson of Judge 
Ebenezer, and father of our subject, was an 
extensive vessel owner, and widely known in his 
day. William's early education was received at 
the Merrimac Institute, Reed's Ferry, New 
Hampshire, and later at Phillip Exeter Academy. 
At the age of fourteen years he was called upon 
to mourn the death of his parents ; shortly after- 
ward he went to Portsmouth to reside with his 
uncle, Capt. Jacob W. Thompson, his guardian. 

His aptitude for the life of a sailor induced him 
to follow the sea, and in 1854 he shipped as a 
common sailor (though he had inherited a hand- 
some fortune). He was soon made an officer, 
and discharged his duties in so efficient a manner 
that he would undoubtedly have shortly been in 
command of his ship, had not an accident 
occurred to him while in port at San Francisco 
in 1856. He fell into the hold of his vessel, 
crushing his left arm to such a degree that ampu- 
tation was thought necessary. To this he stren- 
uously objected, preferring death to the loss of an 
arm. His arm was saved, though he was unable 
to use it for a long time, and was, of course, 
obliged to retire from the service. He then 
entered the counting house of Cummings and 
Lee, East India commission merchants, one of 
the largest mercantile houses of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, and remained there until the opening of 
the late civil war. During this time he showed 
an inclination for military affairs, and in 1857 he 
joined the famous company of " Boston Tigers," 
at that time under command of Captain Charles 
O. Rogers, and had for associates such men as 
Gen. Thomas Stevenson. 

At the opening of the civil war he was offered 
the choice of three positions that of quarter- 
master in the Regular Army, a captaincy in the 
Ninth Infantry, or paymaster in the United States 
Navy. Acting on the advice of Hon. John P. 
Hale, at that time chairman of the United States 
Naval Committee, he accepted the appointment in 
the navy August 21, 1861. He was examined by 
the United States Naval Board, and, out of thirty- 
six appointments, obtained the second place. 
August 23, he received his commission as assist- 
ant paymaster United States Navy, with the rank 
of lieutenant, and was ordered, October 2, 1861, to 





the sloop of war " Mohican," belonging to 
Admiral Dupont's squadron, which sailed 
from New York October 20, 1861, and which 
took part in the battle of Port Royal, South 
Carolina, November 7, 1861, in the capture 
of Fernandina, Florida, and the taking of 
other seaports on the South Atlantic coast; also 
in many engagements at Fort Sumter. July 
22, 1862, he was promoted to the office of pay- 
master, with the rank of lieutenant commander, 
with orders to report to Admiral David G. Far- 
ragut for duty on board the United States 
frigate " Susquehanna," the flagship of the West- 
ern Division, commanded by Commodore Hitch- 
cock. He remained in his squadron till May, 
1863, participating in all of Admiral Farragut's 
naval engagements during that period. Many of 
the vessels were separated months at a time, and 
were occasionally at least a hundred miles apart. 
Parenthetically, we may state his returns to the 
United States Treasury Department show that 
his responsibilities were greater than those of any 
other disbursing officer in the United States Navy. 
His accounts were settled so entirely to the satis- 
faction of the United States Treasurer that he 
received the following letter : 


Late Paytnaster United States Navy. 

SIR : I take pleasure in testifying to the general correct- 
ness and fidelity with which you have kept and rendered 
your account as late paymaster in the United States Navy. 
Your last account, which is now being closed up in this 
office, is one of the most voluminous which has been settled 
here, having under your charge the vessels comprising the 
fleet of the Lower Potomac and James River, and numbering 
in all some forty-six, and considering the amount of work 
devolved upon you, and the difficulties under which it was 
performed, by the separation of the vessels, often by long 
distances from each other, it is but just to say that the result 
of the settlement shows that you exercised more than 
ordinary vigilance in the line of your duty, and without 
which many serious errors and mistakes must have occurred. 
Your obedient servant, 

S. J. W. TABOR, Auditor. 

March 10, 1866, Col. Thompson was appointed 
naval storekeeper at St. Paul de Loanda, on the 
coast of Africa, where our government vessels get 
supplies. Family influence, however, was brought 
to bear, as he had lately been married to Miss 
Medora Gale, daughter of Stephen F. Gale, one 
of the earliest and most prominent citizens of 

Chicago, and he was induced to resign this office 
March 30 following. 

Col. Thompson settled in Chicago in April, 
1868, and engaged in real estate business. He 
purchased several large tracts of land and erected 
a number of fine buildings, among others the 
Thompson Block, on West Madison street, with a 
frontage of two hundred and fifty-two feet ; this, 
by the way, was the best building left standing in 
Chicago after the great fire. Young as he was, 
his keen foresight enabled him at this time to see 
the immense possibilities that awaited the city of 
Chicago, and accordingly he invested largely in 
real estate in various parts of the city. The won- 
derful increase in values has since proven the 
soundness of his judgment. 

Col. Thompson was twice chosen by the 
Republican party to represent his district in the 
Illinois Legislature, serving in the thirtieth and 
thirty-first general assemblies. He received the 
handsome plurality of sixty-two hundred and 
fifty-one votes. His record in the Legislature 
was one of the most distinguished in its history. 
His rare knowledge of parliamentary rules and 
his abilities as an orator made him the leader on 
the floor. Like his grandfather, Col. Thomp- 
son, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, whom he 
resembled so strongly in character, when he 
spoke to an audience his whole mind and body 
were concentrated on the subject, while his 
earnestness and eloquence never failed to carry 
weight and conviction to his hearers. He pro- 
cured the passage of some of the most important 
bills in the history of the State, among others 
the Back-tax bill, which enabled the city of Chi- 
cago to secure three million dollars of back taxes 
from delinquents. He was also deeply interested 
in the famous bill for the prevention of cruelty 
to animals, the first bill of the kind introduced 
in the Legislature. The difficulties encountered 
by Col. Thompson in the passage of this bill, 
and the manner in which he overcame them, are 
interesting and worthy of record. A few days 
prior to adjournment he arose and addressed the 
speaker, who refused to recognize him, on the 
ground that there were other bills before the 
house of greater importance. When the last day 
arrived he again addressed the speaker, but met 
with the same objection as on the previous 
occasion. He was, however, not to be again 



thwarted ; launching forth with all his vigor of 
manhood, he proceeded in language eminently 
befitting the occasion. Other members who were 
anxious to speak on bills of their own, began 
throwing books, etc., but the Colonel, undaunted, 
kept on. The just cause he represented, together 
with his dignity and eloquent language, soon 
commanded the attention of the house, and he 
succeeded in securing the passage of the bill. 
Perhaps no bill was ever passed in the Illinois 
Legislature that attracted wider attention than 
the Military bill. His celebrated speech on this 
bill was a piece of splendid composition and 
magnificently delivered. The advocates of the 
military code crowded about him listening with 
the closest attention, and frequently interrupted 
his remarks with applause. Col. Thompson 
leading the fight for the bill, spoke of the tend- 
ency of the people in time of peace to drop all 
military organization, while he maintained that it 
was the militia of the large cities that saved the 
capital and nation. The bill resulted in the 
establishment of the Illinois National Guard, a 
body who did so much in 1877 to quell the riots 
which threatened the destruction of Chicago. 
While in the house, Col. Thompson served as 
chairman of Committee on State and Municipal 
Indebtedness, and was a member of the Com- 
mittee on Railroads and Revenue. He was also 
a prominent candidate for the speakership, and 
received a handsome complimentary vote. He 
would have been elected to this office had it not 
been that Cook county had the presiding officer 
in the Senate. As an orator, he undoubtedly 
stood first in the House of Representatives. Sep- 
tember 30, 1879, was held at St. Louis the 
National Military Convention of the United 
States, composed of delegates from all the States, 
for the purpose of seeing if the Federal Govern- 
ment could not be induced to make an appropria- 
tion of three million dollars toward establishing 
a national militia. It was an adjourned session 
of a meeting held at New York the year before. 
In the course of proceedings the militia of 
Illinois called upon Col. Thompson, of the 
Sixth Illinois National Guard, to respond. One 
of the ex-rebel brigadiers was bitter in his denun- 
ciation of Northern soldiers, and in that vast 
throng there was but one man who had the 
courage to stand up for the Northern soldier. 

That man was Colonel Thompson. In spite of 
hisses and yelling from the opposite side, he con- 
tinued to speak in bold and patriotic language, 
and came out triumphant and victorious, to the 
intense satisfaction of his Northern friends. If 
there ever had been any doubt as to his ability as 
a speaker and a brave citizen, it was now forever 

In 1871 Col. Thompson seconded the nomina- 
tion of Gen. John A. Logan for the United 
States Senate. July 2, 1874, Gov. Cullom, in 
recognition of his services for the militia, ap- 
pointed him one of his aides-de-camp, with the 
rank of colonel. May 10, 1879, he was chosen 
lieutenant colonel of the Sixth Battalion of the 
Illinois National Guard. He spent much time, 
money and energy in trying to improve his com- 
mand, and receiving permission from the Gov- 
ernor to increase the battalion to a regiment, he 
was elected colonel of the Sixth April i, 1881. 

On the consolidation of the Second and Sixth 
regiments, Col. Thompson was re-elected to the 
command of the new Second- in May, 1882. 
In consequence of the pressure of private busi- 
ness, he resigned this office May 24, 1884, much 
to the regret of the State and his regiment. In 
1887 Col. Thompson was chosen president of the 
West Chicago Protective League, formed for the 
purpose of opposing elevated railroads in Chi- 
cago. At a meeting of the League held Novem- 
ber 22 of the same year, he delivered an ex- 
haustive address in opposition to elevated roads. 
He opposed the elevated roads' taking possession 
of valuable business streets, thereby seriously 
damaging all surrounding property, which he was 
prepared to prove after having carefully investi- 
gated the rapid-transit systems in the East. The 
speech was magnificently delivered and had a 
great effect. 

In appearance Col. Thompson was tall, of 
commanding presence, and possessed a decidedly 
military bearing, and, like every true soldier, he 
was the perfect gentleman. After a brief illness 
from pneumonia, from which he was convales- 
cing, and with the brightest hopes for recovery, he 
was suddenly stricken with heart trouble.- All 
efforts by his physicians to save his life were 
unavailing. His death occurred in Chicago 
Tuesday, November 17, 1891, at his residence, 
25 Delaware place. As in his life, so in his death, 



he was brave and fearless to the last ; he knew 
his hour had come, and in his own words, " he 
was not afraid to die." The news of his death 
was received with profound sorrow on every 
hand. After a short service at the family resi- 
dence, the funeral was held at Unity Church, 
and was the largest which has taken place in 
Chicago for many years. Eloquent eulogies and 
tributes to his character were delivered, and the 
ceremonies throughout were most impressive. 
The active pall-bearers were as follows : From 
the Farragut Naval Association, Commander 
J. J. Sullivan and Horace L. Wait; from U. S. 
Grant Post, No. 28, Grand Army of the Republic, 

Commander Chas. G. Dibble and R. Watson; 

from the Veteran Union League, President D. 
Harry Hammer and D. W. Clark ; from the 
Chicago Union Veteran Club, First Vice-Presi- 
dent A. J. Minsch and Major W. A. McCourtney; 
from Hesperia Lodge, A. F. and A. M., Daniel 
J. Avery and Daniel A. Arnold ; from St. Bernard 
Commandery, Knights Templar, H. G. Purington 
and Thomas E. Miller. The honorary pall- 
bearers were Ferd. W. Peck, H. H. Kohlsaat, 
Col. Legrande, W. Perce, George A. Seaverns, 
A. O. Slaughter, Capt. J. R. Richardson, Walter 
L. Peck and W. F. Meserve. 

Rev. Dr. Thomas delivered the funeral oration. 
It was a notable address, and paid a handsome 
tribute to the memory of Col. Thompson as a 
soldier, a statesman, a man and a citizen. His 
peroration was brief and beautiful. The bereft 
widow and family received words of condolence 
from every quarter, and the following were 
among the touching and tender tributes to his 
memory that were received by the widow : 


CHICAGO, ILL., November 19, 1891. 
At a regular meeting of this association held at the Union 
League Club on November 19, 1891, the accompanying 
report of a committee appointed to prepare a tribute of 
respect to the memory of our late fellow member, William 
Hale Thompson, was read and adopted. 


We are again called upon to mourn the loss of one of our 
members who rendered distinguished and efficient service 
during the War of the Rebellion, who, since his resignation 
from the navy at the close of that great struggle, has shown 
his devotion to the State as the organizer and commander of 
the Second Regiment of Illinois National Guard, and at a 
later period as the presiding officer of the Union Veteran 
Club of Chicago. 

William Hale Thompson was a native of the State of 
New Hampshire, and descended from sturdy New England 
ancestry, who rendered efficient services during the War of 
the Revolution. His aptitude for the life of a sailor caused 
him to follow the sea at an early age. At the outbreak of the 
War of the Rebellion he received a commission as an officer 
in the United States Navy; he served in the West Gulf 
Squadron under Admiral Farragut, and later in the North 
Atlantic Squadron. He was distinguished for the efficiency 
and zeal with which he performed all his official duties, and 
proved himself a reliable and highly trusted officer. At the 
close of the Rebellion he resigned from the United States 
Navy and made his home in Chicago, where his zeal for the 
public service soon made him the colonel of the Second 
Regiment of the Illinois National Guard, and later the pre- 
siding officer of the Union Veteran Club, as he always took a 
most active interest in the welfare and in the organization of 
the veterans of the War of the Rebellion. 

He was one of the earliest members of our own society, 
and at our last monthly meeting he was one of the most 
animated and cheerful of the happy company seated around 
our table, and recounted the incidents and reminiscences of 
the naval service during the war. He was one of those who 
fully appreciated the important character of the services 
rendered by the men of the navy during our fearful struggle 
for national existence, and was ever ready to uphold the 
honor of the Union Jack, preserve the memories of those who 
fell while fighting for the flag of the Union. We shall long 
miss the merry twinkle of his bright eyes, and the hearty 
good will of his sturdy salutations. Let us hope that his 
spirit has found welcome companionship in the realm of the 
departed brave ones above. 

Resoh/ed, That the foregoing report be approved and spread 
upon the records and that copies thereof be presented to the 
widow and family of our departed friend. 


William Hale Thompson, president of the Chicago Union 
Veteran Club, died at his residence in this city on the I7th 
day of November last. For the first time in our history a 
vacancy in the honored office of our presidency has, by the 
power that in the progress of time will call us all hence, been 
created. The chief thus fallen was an old and honored resi- 
dent of this city, prominent in its social, its business and 
political circles. Genial in manner, generous in nature, 
strong in his personal views, frank and outspoken in their 
expression, he was a loyal citizen and a gallant defender of 
the Union when its existence was placed in peril by a strug- 
gle devised and precipitated by human slavery. Serving his 
country bravely on the field of battle, he served his adopted 
State in its legislative councils with conspicuous ability. 
Largely through his efforts the present militia laws were 
enacted, thus establishing a system and providing a school 
through and in which the fundamental knowledge of military 
training and discipline may be acquired, to meet contin- 
gencies in municipal, state and national affairs, with which 
the arm of the civil law has at times been powerless to cope. 
His public spirit induced him to take upon himself in its 
formative periods the command of one of the regiments of 
infantry thus organized a task requiring the exercise of skill, 
tact, patience, personal influence, and personal generosity 



and self-sacrifice. His humanity invoked his aid in the pas- 
sage of a law for the protection of domestic animals, a 
thoughtful and noble service for the eradication of a conspic- 
uous and inhuman species of cruelty. In political life he 
was a Stalwart Republican. He manifested an intense inter- 
est in this organization, as one of the aids to the success of 
the party in the interest and for the success of which he has 
for many years heroically labored. 

His merits as husband and father rest with his memory 
sacredly in the keeping of the hearts of his household. Of 
his kindly counsels and personal aid, his vigorous and manly 
bearing among us, his comrades and fellow citizens, we desire 
to record our appreciation, and to incorporate into the min- 
utes of our organization the keen grief we experience at his 
sudden and untimely death. 

His history as a soldier is written upon and will be pre- 
served in the records of his country. His example as a citi- 
zen in all of his relations of life will be preserved through 
such memorials as this inscribed upon the minutes of the 
various societies of which he was a conspicuous and influen- 
tial member. 

Resolved, That the foregoing testimonial to the memory of 
our deceased president be entered upon our minutes, and 
that a copy thereof, properly engraved and subscribed by the 
officers of this club, be transmitted to the family of the 
deceased. J. D. ADAIR, 

Chairman of Committee. 


U. S. GRANT POST, No. 28, 
TUESDAY EVENING, December 22, 1891. 

At a regular meeting of the U. S. Grant Post the follow- 
ing memorial was unanimously adopted by a rising vote: 

As the years roll on we are called together to pay our last 
tribute of respect to our comrade of the war. At each suc- 
ceeding roll-call some familiar name is recorded as trans- 
ferred to a higher command, there to receive the commenda- 
tion of the Supreme Commander for duties here well per- 
formed and faithful adherence to the right. 

In the death of William Hale Thompson the Grand Army 
of the Republic has lost an earnest adherent, the Department 
of Illinois a faithful worker, and U. S. Grant Post a devoted, 
true-hearted comrade, who was prompted by the noblest 
desires for the good of the order, and whose hand was always 
ready to do what his heart prompted a comrade whose 
memory will ever be cherished lovingly by his co-laborers in 
the cause of freedom and good government, with whom it 
was ever his pride and boast to be ranked. 

Born amid the rugged hills in New Hampshire, he breathed 
the air of liberty from his very birth, and though still young 
when traitors raised their impious hands against the flag, he 
offered his services and did good work in the U. S. Navy, 
first serving in the West Gulf Squadron under the command 
of Admiral Farragut, from which he was transferred to the 
North Atlantic Squadron, where he remained until the close 
of the war, rendering most efficient service in defense of the 
flag. At the close of the war he resigned his commission in 
the navy, as his temperament required duties of greater 

activity, and he came to Chicago, then young, and soon made 
his energy and abilities felt in moulding the future of the 
city. His love of military life and discipline was such that 
he ere long was chosen as the colonel of the Second Regi- 
ment Illinois National Guard, which he made the equal ol 
the best and gave the regiment a name and reputation 
surpassed by none. 

At his death he was president of the Chicago Union Vet- 
eran Club, a political organization of veteran soldiers of the 
war, and his efficiency was manifest in the good work of that 
organization in the cause which gave it birth. He was one 
of the earliest members of Post 28, having joined its ranks on 
the loth of February, 1876, being No. 42 on the roster, and 
while his business duties were such as prevented him from 
being a very active member, he was ever ready with hand 
and purse to advance the interest of the Post and of the 
order. To him who worthily wore the blue and carried the 
badge of honor worn by all members of the G. A. R., he was 
a friend, and never turned a deaf ear to their needs or the 
widows and orphans of those who died that the nation might 

Resolved, That this memorial be spread upon the records 
of the Post, and presented, suitably engrossed, to his bereaved 


Commander. A. P. CONNOLLY, 


Adjutant. Committee. 


CHICAGO, November 17, 1891. 

WHEREAS, The Supreme Commander in his wise dispen- 
sation of providence has summoned our comrade, Col. 
William Hale Thompson, to meet the Grand Army above ; 

Resolved, That in the death of our comrade we feel that 
we have lost a good citizen, a kind and generous friend, and 
a brave soldier. 

Resolved, That the sympathy of the comrades of the Vet- 
eran Union League be extended to the family of our deceased 
associate in the hour of deep bereavement and affliction. 

Resolved, That the members of the Veteran Union League 
attend the funeral of Col. Thompson in a body, and that a 
copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of the de- 
ceased, and also be spread upon the records of this League. 
D. HARRY HAMMER, President. 

From the Real Estate Board came the follow- 
ing tribute: 


At a meeting of the Chicago Real Estate Board held 
Thursday, November 19, 1891, the following resolutions 
were unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That in the death of Col. William Hale 
Thompson the Real Estate Board recognizes the loss of a 
valuable member and a most estimable fellow citizen. While 
not fully identified with us in the active prosecution of busi- 
ness, he showed his appreciation of the necessity and value of 
our organization by becoming one of its earliest members. As 



an ardent believer in the great future of Chicago, as a 
patriotic and public-spirited citizen, as a conservative and 
wise legislator, and as one from the rapidly-thinning ranks of 
those who served the nation in its hour of greatest need, we 
most heartily mourn his loss and most earnestly sympathize 
with his family and friends. 


In Masonry Col. Thompson was deservedly 
popular. He was a member of Hesperia Lodge, 
No. 411, A. F. and A. M.; York Chapter, No. 141, 
R. A. M. and St. Bernard Commandery, No. 35, 
Knights Templar, Chicago. 

In fact, in every position to which he was called 
he was successful in the highest sense. As a busi- 
ness man, upright, reliable and honorable ; as a 
public official, attentive and obliging in the dis- 
charge of his duties. With those finer traits of 
character which combine to form what we term 
friendship, which endear and attach man to man in 

bonds which nothing but the stain of dishonor can 
sever, which triumph over disaster and misfortune, 
and shine brightest in the hours of adversity with 
these qualities he was royally endowed. He was 
ever ready to promote the best interest of 
humanity. Though he was a man of strong 
determination and great force of character, yet 
he possessed one of the most sympathetic and 
tenderest of natures. At no time was he happier 
than when in the midst of his family. His dis- 
position was at all times sincere and affectionate. 
He was very charitably disposed, and believed in 
supplying the wants of the individual actually in 
need. For those who applied to him for work, 
if he had no place himself, he would invariably 
find positions ; nor would he stop at merely 
promising, but he would personally see that they 
were provided for, and as such he was a philan- 
thropist in the best and truest sense of the word. 



THE subject of this sketch is a characteristic 
Chicago man, and justly ranked with that 
younger class whose progressive ideas and intense 
business enterprise and activity have contributed 
so largely to her material prosperity and growth. 

He was born at Chicago, July 10, 1852, the son 
of Thomas and Janet (Telfer) Chalmers. His 
parents are both natives of Scotland. The father 
was born at Dronley, near Dundee, in 1815, and 
is treasurer of Fraser & Chalmers (Incorporated), 
hereinafter mentioned. The mother was born in 
1818, in Edinburgh. Both are living, as are also 
the two sons and three daughters that have been 
born to them. 

William J. received his education in the public 
and high schools of Chicago, and after closing 
his studies in school, went to work to learn a 
mechanical trade in the shops of the Eagle 
Works Manufacturing Company, of which his 
father was at that time general superintendent. 
In 1872, being then twenty years of age, young 
Chalmers became associated with his father in the 
then firm of Fraser & Chalmers, just starting, 
employing a working force of sixty men. From 
that beginning the business has gradually 

developed and been extended, until now, in the 
eighteenth year of its existence, it employs one 
thousand and fifty men, with a weekly pay-roll of 
fourteen thousand dollars, and the name of Fraser 
& Chalmers, manufacturers of mining machinery, 
has a world-wide reputation, and the products of 
their immense establishment, the largest of its 
character in the world, are shipped to every 
quarter of the civilized globe. Besides its main 
plant and office, located at the corner of Union 
and Fulton streets Chicago, (new shops covering 
about ten acres of ground, fronting on Twelfth 
and Rockwell streets, have just been completed), 
the company has recently established itself at 
Erith on the Thames, near London, England, 
where a plant that will employ five hundred men 
will soon be in operation. From the commence- 
ment of the business Mr. Chalmers (our subject) 
has had entire control of the business manage- 
ment and finances of the company. And when 
in 1889 the business was changed from a partner- 
ship to a corporation, he became its vice-presi- 
dent and treasurer, and in January, 1891, was 
elected its president. In recognition of his 
superior qualities as an organizer and successful 



financier, Mr. Chalmers has been called to posi- 
tions of responsibility and trust, and has 
uniformly acquitted himself in a way that 
evidenced his eminent fitness for the places. He 
is one of the directors of the Chicago Athenasum, 
also a director of the Woman and Children's 
Hospital, and upon the decision by the United 
States Congress to hold the World's Columbian 
Exposition of 1892 at Chicago, he was chosen by 
the stockholders as one of the directors of that 
mammoth undertaking, and was re-elected as 
director in April, 1891. He is a man of superior 
social qualities, genial, generous and hospitable, 
and is prominently connected with numerous 
organizations, being president of the Illinois 
Club, member of the Chicago, Union League, 
Washington Driving Park, Electric and Athletic 

clubs, all of Chicago, and the Engineers' Club, of 
New York. He was recently appointed a 
director of the School Board by Mayor Wash- 
burn for a three-year term. He is a Republican 
in politics and a Presbyterian in religious faith, 
and a member of the Third Presbyterian Church. 
Mr. Chalmers was married in 1877 to Miss Joan 
Pinkerton, only daughter of Allan Pinkerton, 
Esq., now deceased. Mrs. Chalmers is a lady of 
womanly qualities and attainments of a high 
order, a devoted wife and mother, and a most 
charming hostess. 

They have two children Joan Pinkerton, 
eleven, and Thomas Stuart, nine years of age ; 
and their beautiful home at No. 234 South Ash- 
land boulevard is the center of a, large circle of 
warm friends. 



IN studying the lives and characters of promi- 
nent men, we are naturally led to inquire into 
the secret of their success and the motives that 
prompted their action. Success is not a question 
of genius, as held by many, but rather a matter of 
experience and sound judgment. For when we 
trace the career of those who stand highest in 
public esteem, we find in nearly every case that 
they are those who have risen gradually, fighting 
their way in the face of opposition. Self-reliance, 
conscientiousness, energy, honesty these are the 
traits of character that insure the highest emolu- 
ments and greatest success. To these may we 
attribute the success that has crowned the efforts 
of Judge Lysander Hill. 

He was born in Union, Lincoln county, Maine, 
July 4, 1834. The son of Isaac and Eliza M. (Hall) 
Hill, tracing his ancestry both paternal and mater- 
nal to the old Puritan families who were among 
the earliest settlers of Massachusetts. After pass- 
ing through the usual common-school education, 
he studied at Warren Academy and entered 
Bowdoin College in 1854 and graduated therefrom 
in 1858. Choosing the law as his profession, he 
entered the law office of A. P. Gould, at Thom- 
aston, Me., and was admitted to the bar in 1860. 
He began practicing at once in Thomaston, form- 

ing a partnership with J. B. Cilley under the firm 
name of Cilley & Hill. This partnership was 
dissolved in 1862, when Mr. Hill entered the 
federal army as captain in the Twentieth Maine 

In 1863, on account of physical disability, Mr. 
Hill received his discharge from the army. He 
resumed the practice of law, settling at Alexandria, 
Va., and also occupied an office at Washington, 
D. C. He formed a partnership at the former 
place with George Tucker under the style of Hill 
& Tucker. 

In 1874 Mr. Hill moved to Washington, D. C., 
and formed a partnership with Mr. E. A. Ells- 
worth, under the firm name of Hill & Ellsworth, 
and this association continued until 1878. For the 
next few years Mr. Hill practiced his profession 
alone, devoting his attention largely to the practice 
of patent litigation, which he had made a spe- 
cialty; but in May, 1881, he formed a connection 
with Mr. T. S. E. Dixon, of Chicago, which lasted 
until 1890. 

Mr. Hill was married in February, 1864, to 
Adelaide R. Cole, of Roxbury, Mass. This union 
has been blessed with three children. 

Mr. Hill was Register in Bankruptcy of the 
Eighth Judicial District of Virginia from 1867 to 



1869 when he was appointed Judge of said district 
to fill an unexpired term. 

In politics Mr. Hill is and ever has been an 
earnest and sincere Republican. He was dele- 
gate to the National Convention which nominated 
Grant in 1868, and was a member of the Commit- 
tee on Platform. He was also Chairman of the 

Republican State Central Committee of Virginia 
for two years, but since 1869 he has taken little 
interest in politics, devoting his time and energies 
to the practice of his profession, which has been 
yearly increasing and which now takes him all over 
the United States. Without doubt Judge Hill 
takes rank as one of the ablest patent attorneys. 



THE life-history of him whose name heads 
this sketch is worthy of record among 
those of Chicago's representative business men. 
While there are few phases in the lives of self- 
made men, of an emotional or sensational charac- 
ter, there is yet a motive power of energy, enter- 
prise, continuity and determination worthy of 
study ; and often, if we shall look for the secret of 
men's success, we find it only in their continuity 
in following out a well-defined purpose. This is 
eminently true of Elwyn B. Gould. A native of 
Keesville, New York, he was born April loth, 
1854, and is the son of H. W. and Elizabeth 
(Libby) Gould, who were natives of Maine, but 
who removed at an early day (1855) to Minne- 
sota. At the conclusion of the War of the Rebel- 
lion his father settled in Boston, and there young 
Gould attended the public schools. In 1879 ^ e 
started for California, and en route stopped in 
Chicago, whither his brother had preceded him 
and was in business on his own account. Liking 
the appearance of the city, our subject decided to 
remain and subsequently joined his brother in 
business, under the firm name of I. L. Gould & 
Co. Their business was importing and jobbing 
laces, handkerchiefs and lace novelties, etc. 
Together they have built up a fine business, 
which extends all over the South, North and 
Northwest. He is a prominent Mason, and there 
are probably few men better known in Masonic 
circles than he. He was made a member of 
Covenant Lodge, No. 526, September 25, 1885, 
and is a Past Master of this lodge. He is a mem- 
ber of Corinthian Chapter, No. 69, R. & A. M.; 
St. Bernard Commandery, No. 35, K. T.; Oriental 
Consistory S. P. R. S., and is at present (1892) 
High Priest of Corinthian Chapter, and Grand 

S. W. of Chicago Council, Princes of Jerusalem, 

In politics he is a Republican, and although 
taking an active interest in all that concerns his 
party, he has never held an elective position ex- 
cept as a member of the Special Assessment Com- 
mittee (appointed by Mayor Washburne), and 
also of the State Senatorial Committee for the 
Sixth Senatorial District. It is perhaps as the 
genial president of the well-known Marquette Club 
that Mr. Gould is best known. Elected a mem- 
ber of this club during the first year of its exist- 
ence (1886), he was subsequently appointed to 
serve on its committee, and re-elected the follow- 
ing year. Two years later (1888) he was unani- 
mously chosen as its secretary, and during his 
term of office gave such satisfaction as to warrant 
his being reappointed at its close, and again the 
year following. In March, 1890, he was elected 
president, an office which he now holds with 
credit to himself and satisfaction to the club. 
Quick to grasp a situation, he is always prepared 
for an argument and seldom fails to gain his 
point. Strict in his rulings and firm in his 
decisions, he is a born leader, and as such com- 
mands both the respect and esteem of his asso- 
ciates. Of the Marquette Club itself, little need 
be said, for it is known all over the country. It 
possesses an elegant club house, and its annual 
banquets are of wide repute, for the important 
issues of the day are freely discussed, and 
amongst the invited guests are usually found 
some of our most prominent men, and those of 
national fame. Having a roll of some four hun- 
dred members, it is in a flourishing condition, 
and is undoubtedly one of the leading political 
clubs of this country. In its building up and 



development there are few who have taken a 
more prominent or active part than has the sub- 
ject of our sketch, and he is one of the most 
popular and efficient club presidents in the city 
of Chicago. 

In personal appearance Mr. Gould is tall and 
of good proportions, and has a commanding 
address. Genial and courteous in manner, he is 

of unquestionable integrity and of keen percep- 
tion, and possesses friends and acquaintances 

He was married in 1883 to Miss Jenny Gesel 
bracht, of Chicago. They have three children, 
viz: Grace, aged seven years; Elwyn Elaine, Jr., 
aged five years, and Herman Leslie, aged three 



JOHN P. ALTGELD was born in Germany, 
December 30, 1847; was brought to this 
country by his parents when only a child and 
reared on a farm in Richland county, Ohio. 
His elementary education, in his early days, was 
very limited. In 1864, when sixteen years of 
age, he joined the Union army and participated 
in the James River campaign. Subsequently 
he taught school for a time, and in 1869 went 
west. At this time young Altgeld met and over- 
came the great struggle of his life. With a scant 
supply of money, he traveled on foot across 
Southern Illinois and when, after many privations, 
he reached the Mississippi River, opposite St. 
Louis, he had only fifteen cents left. With this 
he paid five cents ferry-boat fare, and a like sum 
for a still more unfortunate fellow traveler, and 
then balanced and closed his account by buying 
writing paper and a postage stamp with the 
remainder. He worked for some time in St. 
Louis and then went to Southern Kansas, where 
he was taken sick and had a severe struggle. 
After his recovery he went to Northwestern Mis- 
souri, where he taught school and studied law. 

He was admitted to the bar in 1872. He was 
soon after appointed City Attorney of Savannah 
and afterwards elected State's Attorney of 
Andrew county. His success in these public 
positions and his ability as a lawyer made him 
one of the best known men in that section of the 
State. In 1875, desiring a larger field for his 
labors, he removed to Chicago. When he arrived 
in this city he was an entire stranger. He soon 
built up a large and lucrative practice, and was 
engaged in some of the most notable cases that 
came before the Cook county bench. In 1884 he 

ran for Congress in the fourth district, and reduced 
the republican majority by several thousand, but 
was defeated ; he, however, made a great reputa- 
tion as a campaigner. 

In 1886 Mr. Altgeld was nominated for Judge 
of the Superior Court of Cook county by the 
Democratic party, and was elected by an over- 
whelming majority. As a judge he proved him- 
self fearless, independent and impartial ; his 
decisions were clear, laconic and comprehensive, 
and gave proof of much care, study and legal 
knowledge. His energy and industry were re- 
markable, and won for him the highest encom- 
iums of the press, the people and the profession. 

After discharging the duties of his high office 
with the utmost satisfaction for five years, Judge 
Altgeld astonished everyone by handing his 
resignation to the Governor. The Judge assured 
his friends that the claims of his private business 
only could force him to retire from the position 
to which they did him the honor to elect him. 
" The duties of a judge," he said, " were not only 
onerous but unceasing, and he would not occupy 
the position unless he could give it his undivided 
attention. The people deserve and should receive 
the fullest services of those whom they select for 
high and important office." In 1890 he was made 
Chief Justice of the Superior Court. 

Judge Altgeld is a Democrat, liberal and toler- 
ant of the opinions of others, but an able exponent 
of the principles of his party. He is earnest, 
original and practical ; and is a quiet, silent man 
who prefers action to talk, and who believes that 
social and industrial reforms are more readily 
effected by business methods than by the most 
eloquent post-prandial orations. His arguments 

< . 





are clear, concise and convincing, and his thoughts 
are occasionally clothed in the choicest language 
and adorned by a simple and unaffected beauty. 
Judge Altgeld has, during the last nine years, 
built some of the finest mercantile office build^ 
ings of this city, and has just completed Unity 
Building, probably the finest building of its class 
in the world. Amid his many business and pro- 
fessional duties, he has not forgotten or neglected 
the studious habits of early life, for we find him 
in these later busy days devoting himself occa- 
ionally to literature. " Our Penal Machinery and 
Its Victims," " Live Questions," and papers on 
various questions of the day, are from his pen. 
When tired of law and business, then he falls 
back to his early friend study. He is fond of 
travel, and has visited nearly every place of inter- 
est in North America. 

Judge Altgeld was married in 1877 to Miss 
Ford, of Richland county, Ohio. 

He is in the prime of life, with fine physical 
development, and in the enjoyment of robust 
health. His expressive features reflect a calm, 
thoughtful and active intelligence, and impress 
you with the dignity, strength and reserve of an 
original mind. The success which has crowned 
his public career and the intelligent and manly 
grasp he has taken of social and industrial re- 
forms, mark him out as a man of whom we shall 
hear more in the near future. If strong sym- 
pathy and active co-operation with every move- 
ment for the benefit of the masses, and a broad 
and liberal spirit, guiding great and generous 
efforts, deserve recognition, then shall an honor- 
able and irreproachable career be rewarded by a 
grateful people. 



DURING the past half century the growth 
and development of the city of Chicago 
has surpassed the expectations of the most san- 
guine. From a small village without organiza- 
tion, wealth or trade, she has become one of the 
foremost cities, not only of this continent, but of 
the world. This wonderful result and rapid 
growth has been effected by the courage, energy 
and business ability of her prominent citizens. 
Her healthful location on the shores of Lake 
Michigan, her prosperous industries and progres- 
sive instincts, have attracted to her the active and 
energetic workers of the world who represent the 
highest development of every industry and handi- 
craft. They run the factories, man the ships, 
people the warehouses, direct the banks and hold 
the markets of Chicago. In this great Western 
metropolis they find ability recognized, energy 
appreciated and courageous effort amply re- 
warded. This phenomenal city to-day rules and 
regulates the stock markets of the world. The 
growth of this important industry may justly be 
called marvelous. 

For nearly forty years the name of Samuel W. 
Allerton has been connected with this prosperous 
industry, and to him more than to any other mer- 

chant may be given the credit of placing within 
the boundaries of this city the greatest stock mar- 
ket of the world. 

Samuel W. Allerton was born in Dutchess 
county, New York, in the year 1829. He was 
brought up on his father's farm and received 
such education as could be obtained at that 
date on a farm in Northern New York. He 
remained on the farm until he was eighteen 
years of age, working during the summer and at- 
tending school in the winter. About this time he 
commenced farming on his own account, and was 
very successful, particularly in raising stock, and 
in a couple of years had accumulated the hand- 
some sum of four or five thousand dollars. He 
was young, energetic and enterprising, and he de- 
cided to go West, where he hoped to find a new 
and wide field for his ambition. He first visited 
Buffalo, N. Y., then Cleveland, O., and last Chi- 
cago. He soon after invested his savings in a 
cattle ranch near Piatt county, 111., but continued 
to attend the Chicago markets. By close attention 
to business and by untiring energy he soon be- 
came known as one of the most successful stock- 
men of the West, and by his own unaided efforts 
created and guided a most extensive and lucra- 



live business. From that early date to the pres- 
ent the business has continued under his individ- 
ual management, and has grown and spread its 
branches to St. Louis, Omaha, Kansas City and 
many other Western cities. Mr. Allerton is also 
the owner of many farms and ranches and is 
financially interested in the principal stock yards 
on this continent. 

Quiet, unostentatious and kind-hearted, he is 
always ready to help the deserving and the needy. 
His large wealth he invests with care and, bestows 
with generosity. The city of Chicago feels proud 
of such men, whose honor, integrity and sterling 
character have done much for it and for the de- 
velopment of the resources of the West. 

The appointment of Mr. Allerton as a member 
of the Board of Management of the World's Co- 
lumbian Exposition was a high compliment to his 
experience and ability, and has given satisfaction 
generally. Mr. Allerton's thorough knowledge of 
finance, organizing ability, and practical knowl- 
edge of stock and farming and its claims, point 

him out as a most useful accession to the World's 
Fair Directory. 

Mr. Allerton is a director of the First National 
Bank of Chicago, one of the largest and most suc- 
cessful institutions of the kind in .the United 
States, and great credit is due to the directory for 
bringing this great banking house to the front 
rank of financial institutions. Mr. Allerton is also 
a director of the Chicago City Railway Company, 
and is interested and identified with nearly all the 
great undertakings for the benefit of the city. 

In 1860 Mr. Allerton married Miss Paduella W. 
Thompson, of Peoria. They have a family of two 
children, one boy and one girl Robert H. and 
Katy R. His first wife died in 1880. He mar- 
ried a year later to Agnes C. Thompson, a sister 
of his first wife. In the quiet and sunshine of his 
happy home on Prairie avenue Mr. Allerton finds 
rest and repose after the cares and anxieties of 
his business, and in companionship of his accom- 
plished wife and affectionate children he spends 
his happiest hours. 



THE life of him whose name heads this sketch 
represents an eventful and interesting 
career. Integrity, activity and energy have been 
the crowning points of his success. Few men are 
wider and more favorably known in the city of 
Chicago than is Nelson Thomasson. He is a na- 
tive of Kentucky, and was born October 15, 1839, 
the son of William Poindexter and Charlotte 
(Pierce Leonard) Thomasson. 

His father was born in 1796, and was in the war 
of 1812, although very young. Afterward he 
located in Corydon, Indiana, became a member of 
the legislature, and subsequently was prosecuting 
attorney; and while holding this office he prose- 
cuted the murderer of the present United States 
Judge Gresham's father, who was at the time 
sheriff of the county. (See history of Indiana 
about the early life of W. P. Thomasson, by Gov. 
Wm. H. English, just published.) Corydon was at 
that time not only the capital of the State of In- 
diana, but in reality the capital of the whole 
Northwest Territory. 

Mr. Thomasson soon after removed to Louisville, 
Ky., and was for many years a member of Con- 
gress from the Louisville district. On his father's 
side, Nelson Thomasson can trace his genealogy 
back to the Huguenots (see Dupuy family tree), 
and on his mother's side to the Pilgrim Fathers. 
A Captain Pierce commanded the Mayflower on 
several of her voyages (see the Pierce book). The 
name Thomasson is essentially English, and prom- 
inent in the nation. There is to-day (1892) a 
Thomasson in the English parliament. Nelson re- 
ceived a good education, attending private schools 
and the academy at Louisville, and when eighteen 
years old removed to Chicago and became a stu- 
dent and clerk in the law office of Messrs. Morris, 
Thomasson & Blackburn, and later held a similar 
position in the office of Mr. John G. Rogers, after- 
ward Judge of the Circuit Court of Cook County 
for several terms. Nelson Thomasson attended 
the law lectures of Louisville, Kentucky, during 
the junior class of 1859 ar >d 6> an ^ attended the 
law lectures of 1860 and '61 in Chicago, and his 


name is in the catalogue of the first year's grad- 
uates of the Chicago Law School, Judge Henry 
Booth delivering him the diploma. At the open- 
ing of the War of the Rebellion, he abandoned his 
law studies, and enlisting in the army, entered the 
United States service as a member of the "Sturges 
Rifles," one of the most noted companies that 
Chicago sent to the war, and being one of the only 
two companies in the Union army not connected 
with a regiment. These companies were mustered 
into the service for a special purpose, and were 
mustered out at the time General McClellan was 
relieved of his command. Mr. Thomasson was 
promoted to the regular army after the campaign 
in Western Virginia, becoming a member of the 
Company E, Fifth Regiment U. S. Infantry. He 
was at once ordered to his regiment in New 
Mexico, and when on the way to the regiment, he 
was retained to drill and instruct recruits ; first at 
Fort Leavenworth and afterward at Fort Riley. 
During his five years' stay in New Mexico, he 
was an almost daily companion of the famous Kit 
Carson. After joining his regiment he served in 
the campaign against the Texans, said Texans 
were commanded by the rebel Generals Sibley 
and Bailey, and against the numerous Indian 
tribes of Arizona, Colorado and New Mexico, 
there being in his command besides his regiment, 
several of the regular army, three Colorado regi- 
ments, four California regiments and one regiment 
of regular artillery. It was during this time 
that occurred the celebrated Navajo campaign, 
led by the famous fighter, General James H. Carle- 
ton. His entire command was engaged in this 
campaign some three years, and he removed the 
Navajo tribe of Indians from West of the Rio 
Grande to Fort Sumter, one-hundred miles East 
on the Pecos river, and kept them there until 
they became semi-civilized, when General Sher- 
man had them returned to where they are now, at 
Fort Wingate, on the Rio Puerco. On several 
occasions during the war, Mr. Thomasson's regi- 
ment was ordered to return to the States, but the 
orders were countermanded by General Canby 
upon the plea that he could not spare it from his 
command. As to Captain Thomasson's history 
during his army service, it is too long to incorpo- 
rate here, and we will have to refer the reader to 
Colonel Guy V. Henry's able book on army ap- 
pointments, published in the " seventies,'' also 

the many complimentary orders and reports in 
the War Department at Washington. After the 
close of the war, Mr. Thomasson was engaged in 
the recruiting service for one year at Chicago, and 
another year at Newton Barracks, after which he 
was ordered to join his regiment on the Western 
plains, where he continued in service until De- 
cember, 1870. Upon the reduction of the regular 
army about that time, Mr. Thomasson resigned 
from the service, receiving one year's pay in ad- 
vance, as six hundred other regular army officers 
did at this time. Upon retiring to private life, 
he took up his abode in Chicago, and at once en- 
gaged in the real estate business, meeting with 
marked success from the start. One of his first 
real estate transactions was the purchase of a tract 
of one-hundred and sixty acres lying south from 
Chicago, now known as " Pitner's Subdivision," in 
which Judge Gwynn Garnett was associated with 
him. They paid for this land one hundred and 
forty dollars per acre, and sold it for four hundred 
dollars per acre, thus realizing from this one tran- 
saction a snug little fortune. His unusual success 
continued uninterruptedly until the financial crisis 
of 1873 swept over the country, when, like so 
many others, he lost nearly everything that he 
had made ; but fortunately was enabled to meet 
his obligations and pay his debts dollar for dol- 
lar. During the several years succeeding this 
panic, when real estate business was paralyzed, 
and the values were depreciated, and trade in all 
lines was dull, he never lost heart, but with strong 
determination to regain his losses worked with a 
will, much of the time at his daily duty fourteen 
hours per day. 

With the return of prosperous times, Mr. 
Thomasson's business revived, so that he not only 
regained his former financial standing, but far 
surpassed it, and now (1892) is counted among 
the wealthy real estate owners of Chicago. In 
connection with an extensive brokerage business, 
he handles much of his own property, and with 
facilities unsurpassed, is always prepared to buy, 
sell, lease or exchange city or suburban property 
of every description. His long experience ren- 
ders his opinions of great value to those seeking 
his counsels. 

While Mr. Thomasson owns a large amount of 
real estate, his investments have extended into 
other channels as well. He is a large stockholder 



in all the Chicago street railway companies, and 
owns a large amount of stock in various buildings, 
among which are the Chemical Bank building, 
and also in many of the industrial companies. 

Mr. Thomasson is a man of fine personal and 
social qualities, and is exceedingly popular among 
his wide circle of friends and acquaintances. Mr. 
Thomasson is a Republican not a partisan nor a 
sycophant ; but he is content to work hard at 
every election for the success of good officers and 
honest government, but says he has been an office- 
holder for ten years of his life, and is satisfied 
to let others scramble for offices. 

He is a member of the Oriental Lodge, No. 33, 
and also of the Apollo Commandery of Knights 
Templar. He also belongs to the Loyal Legion, 
and to the Union League and Washington Park 
clubs, and also the Union Club on the North Side. 
Mr. Thomasson is a man of fine literary attain- 
ments, and in his elegant library has probably the 

finest collection of Napoliana and Americana in 

He is an interesting conversationalist and ready 
thinker, and well posted on all topics of the day. 
In stature, slightly above the medium height, 
stockily built, quick and active in his movements, 
and possesses a decidedly military bearing. 

His success in life is due mainly to his own 
unaided efforts. He has earned for himself a 
name that will always be identified with the his- 
tory of Chicago. 

Mr. Thomasson was married in 1873 to Miss 
Nanniene Mason Norton, of Louisville, Kentucky, 
who descended from the well-known Douglass 
families of Virginia and originally from Scotland. 
This little lady is very popular among her many 
admiring friends, and when she gives receptions, 
few, if any, regrets are ever sent. They have 
three children Leonard, Nelson and Nanniene 



THE person whose name stands at the head 
of this sketch was born on the 2gth of Oc- 
tober, 1835, at Groton, Middlesex county, Massa- 
chusetts, which was the home of several previous 
generations of his family. His father was Benja- 
min F. Lawrence, and his mother, Elizabeth 
Fenelly Staples. In 1837 they moved to Belvi- 
dere, Boone county, Illinois, where their boy 
attended the public schools. He afterwards 
studied under Rev. Arthur B. Fuller, brother of 
Margaret Fuller, Countess of Ossoli, for about 
two years, and in 1847 he was sent to Lawrence 
Academy, Groton, Massachusetts, of which Rev. 
James Means was the principal. He returned 
home in 1849, an ^ was placed by his father in a 
country store, conducted by Henry Loop and 
Sons, where he spent the winter of 1849-50. 

In the spring of 1850, he was in the employ of 
Honorable Robert VV. Waterman, now Governor 
of California, at Genoa, DeKalb county, Illinois, 
and in the summer of the same year he moved to 
Sycamore, same county, and went into the em- 
ploy of J. S. and J. C. Waterman, brothers of 
his former employer. The experience of those 

years was all gained in what are known as " coun- 
try stores," dealing in everything usually kept in 
such establishments, and tended to pre-pare him 
for other fields of labor. 

In the fall of 1850, Mr. Lawrence's father was 
in Boston, purchasing goods for his own store at 
Belvidere, and while there, apprenticed his son to 
Messrs. Whitney and Fenno, one of the leading 
dry goods jobbing houses of that period. With 
this house Mr. Lawrence remained six years, dur- 
ing the several changes which took place in the 
firm name, gaining experience and business train- 
ing, and winning the confidence and esteem of his 
employers. A portion of his term of service was 
spent as a salesman of the firm, in traveling 
through a scope of country of which Chicago was 
one corner, St. Paul and Minneapolis, then St. 
Anthony's Falls, another, Rock Island another, and 
then across country by way of the Illinois river, 
back to Chicago. In those days railroads were 
few, and sleeping cars unknown, the distances be- 
tween different places being made, except on the 
Mississippi and Illinois rivers, by horses. In the 
winter the vehicle was a sleigh, and at other sea- 






sons a wagon. Many ludicrous incidents occurred, 
one of them, which Mr. Lawrence relates to the 
writer, will serve as an illustration. While mak- 
ing a trip through Wisconsin in a covered wagon, 
with two other drummers (that being the name 
by which parties traveling to solicit trade are 
known), each representing different lines of busi- 
ness, they were crossing the Wisconsin river, just 
before reaching Prairie du Chien, when they met 
a St. Louis drummer who had stopped his horse 
at a hole in the ice for the purpose of letting him 
drink. Noticing that he had a singular outfit 
with which to make his journey, they hailed him 
and he responded. His horse was so poor as to 
cause them to wonder whether he would be 
able to stand alone when taken from his harness. 
The harness consisted of a few ropes, with the 
necessary knots here and there to keep it from 
falling off. His vehicle was a sleigh, of the kind 
called by half-breed Frenchmen, " a train." The 
whole outfit, including the horse, if put up at auc- 
tion, would not have brought ten dollars. Mr. 
Lawrence was the spokesman of his party, and 
after learning that he had been from home nearly 
six weeks, asked him how and where he had 
come by that turnout. His reply was, that when 
he left St. Louis he had a fine pair or horses, new 
harness, Buffalo robes and new leather top buggy. 
His desire for trading was so great that he had 
begun to swap horses, and had indulged in that 
luxury from time to time, and before them was 
the result. He concluded by advising Mr. Law- 
rence to beware of horse traders. 

Occasionally the monotony of the trip was 
varied by a break-down, and one was recalled 
which, at the time, bade fair to be a serious and 
uncomfortable accident. Fortunately, it hap- 
pened near a house. The break was in the 
whiffle-tree. A new one was a necessity, the 
ironing of which required the boring of holes. 
The only tool on the place was an axe not at 
all handy for boring a half-inch hole that being 
the size needed. Neither Lawrence nor his com- 
panions knew how to get out of the trouble, nor 
could the host give the necessary information. 
Fortunately, deliverance was near at hand, for, 
later in the evening, Elder Bronson, a Methodist 
Episcopal preacher, on his circuit, arrived at the 
house. This man, who had been on the frontier 
as a missionary for more than fifty years, knew 

what to do. He first ordered a big fire in the 
open fireplace, and in it threw the old whiffle-tree, 
iron work and all. The wood was soon consumed 
and the irons released. But how to bore the 
holes with an axe was the difficulty for Mr. Law- 
rence and his companions. To the Elder it was 
perfectly easy. He took one of the hot irons and 
soon made a hole by burning. By midnight the 
job was finished, and, while not so handsome as 
the broken whiffle-tree, the new one was stronger 
and carried them safely through. Then Mr. Law- 
rence and his companions expressed their thank- 
fulness, and united with the Elder in prayer 
and praise for their deliverance. 

Mr. Lawrence came to Chicago in 1858, and has 
resided there ever since. He has been engaged 
in various lines of business, and has been a mem- 
ber of the Chicago Board of Trade since 1859. 
He is one of the directors of the World's Colum- 
bian Exposition, and has been for more than 
twenty years a director of the First National Bank 
of Chicago. As a business man, he has been suc- 
cessful beyond the ordinary lot of men, and en- 
joys the reputation in the commercial world of 
being clear-headed. He is cool and deliberate in 
his judgments, a good judge of men, and is uni- 
versally esteemed for his integrity, his hospitable 
nature, and engaging, social qualities. A marked 
characteristic throughout his life has been his 
ready adaptation to circumstances and environ- 
ments; and a rule of his life has been to make 
the best of everything. He is a man of even 
temperament, and while prosperity has never 
caused him to be elated overmuch, misfortunes 
and disappointments have not cast him down. 
In, his business relations and in his private life 
he has sustained a manliness and nobility of 
character that have won for him universal confi- 
dence and esteem. 

In politics he has always been a Democrat, and 
takes great interest in the success of his party. 
At the same time, he extends to those who differ 
with him in political faith, that toleration which 
he demands for himself. 

Mr. Lawrence married Mary, the youngest 
daughter of David and Agnes Ballentine, of Wau- 
kegan, Lake county, Illinois, on the twenty-third 
day of May, 1861. They have one son, Dwight. 

Mr. Lawrence is a man of fine presence, being 
large in stature, and robust in constitution. He 



is courteous and dignified, kind-hearted and gen- many others, regards it rather in the light of 
erous. He inherits from the ancestors of his a relic than a possible source of addition to his 
mother a French spoliation claim, but, like fortune. 



IN this materialistic age, an age in which almost 
every one seems imbued with but one idea, 
that of the rapid accumulation of wealth, it is re- 
freshing occasionally to meet with one who has 
other ambitions, other thoughts and immeasurably 
higher motives in life. The business men of Chi- 
cago have the reputation of being wide awake and 
enterprising, but too much devoted to business. 
While this may be true, there are yet to be found 
among our representative business men a few at 
least who manage to devote time and thought to 
some great movement of worthy cause, be it edu- 
cational, charitable or religious. Among the most 
prominent of this class in the city of Chicago is 
the subject of this sketch. Benjamin F. Jacobs, 
the son of Charles P. and Eliza (Pelton) Jacobs, 
was born in Paterson, N. J., September 18, 
1834. His father's family were from Rhode Is- 
land, and formerly from England. His mother was 
of French extraction, a descendent of the Hugue- 
nots. Upon leaving school he entered his father's 
store, and in April, 1854, with much courage and 
little cash, he came to Chicago. Acting as clerk 
for several years (until 1861), he formed a partner- 
ship and engaged in the grocery, fruit and pro- 
vision business on South Water street. In 1868 
he associated his brothers with him, continuing 
business in the same place until the great fire of 
1871 stripped them of nearly all their possessions. 
Meanwhile, in 1869, Mr. Jacobs began to operate 
in real estate, and in 1870 he left the other busi- 
ness in the care of his brothers and devoted him- 
self to this new avocation. After the fire of 1871 
he extended his operations and was engaged in 
building one of the suburbs of the city, when 
overtaken by the panic of 1873. Though suffer- 
ing in common with others severe reverses as the 
result of this financial crisis, nevertheless he con- 
tinued his business, and to-day is numbered among 
the successful and prominent real estate dealers of 
this city. Energy and determination, combined 

with integrity and good business methods, have 
won for him ultimate success. 

But it is as an educator, as an organizer and as 
a tireless worker and manager, that the subject of 
this sketch has perhaps gained his highest, and in 
a certain sense a remarkable, reputation. Coming 
to Chicago in his twentieth year, he united with 
the First Baptist Church and entered the Sunday- 
school as a pupil, and soon after became a teacher. 
In 1856 he was elected superintendent of the 
First Mission Sunday-school, under the care of 
Baptists, and the Third Mission school of the city. 
Subsequently he became the superintendent of 
the home school, which made for itself a notable 
reputation throughout the country. He was at 
the same time the teacher of an adult class that 
numbered five hundred. After the fire of 1874 
' had destroyed the building of the First Church, 
Mr. Jacobs organized a down-town mission, from 
which grew the Newsboys' Mission, afterward 
called the Waifs' Mission. In 1881 he united with 
others in the organization of the Immanuel Bap- 
tist Church, and became superintendent of its 
school, which office he retains. He is now serv- 
ing his thirty-sixth year as a Sunday-school super- 

He was one of the organizers of the Young 
Men's Christian Association, in 1858, of which he 
was president in 1863-4, and is one of the life 
trustees. At the breaking out of the war, in 1861, 
he was made one of the Army Committee, and 
for four years was secretary of the Northwestern 
branch of the United States Christian Commis- 
sion. In this capacity he was often on the battle- 
field, beginning with Fort Donelson, in 1862, and 
ending at Nashville in December, 1864. He also 
traveled over the Northwest, holding meetings 
and raising money and supplies for the troops. 

At the close of the war, with Mr. Moody and 
others, Mr. Jacobs turned his efforts to the work 
of Sunday-school organization. He was elected 





president of the State Sunday-School Convention 
in 1868, and chairman of the State Executive 
Committee in 1873. He has been annually re- 
elected to the latter office, and is now serving his 
twentieth year. In 1867 he began to urge the 
adoption of the uniform or International plan of 
Sunday-school lessons, which has since given 
him world-wide fame. Of him and his connection 
with this great work, Miss Frances E. Willard 
writes in the Sunday-School Times: " Ours is a 
day in which each great movement has for its 
central figure some personality that incarnates its 
method and idea. Organization being the watch- 
word, there must be organizers; and it is safe to 
say that each of the guilds now so numerous is a 
success according to the vigor and devotion of its 
chief. Men will not rally around vacancy, but 
they will around a leader. He must be born, he 
cannot be made. He must have a hand of iron in 
a glove of velvet. He must believe in and must 
work for their best interests without haste and 
without rest. He must fling himself into the move- 
ment with it to sink or swim, and he must be loyal 
to the unfolding purpose of God as he under- 
stands it, even unto death. 

" A man who was to develop after this fashion 
until he became the central figure of the World's 
Sunday-School movement now lives in the Elec- 
tric City, otherwise Chicago, and his name is 
Benjamin F. Jacobs." 

The National Sunday-School Convention which 
met at Indianapolis, Indiana, in 1872, adopted the 
plan of uniform lessons, and a committee was 
chosen to select the first course of lessons for 
seven years; the second committee was chosen 
at Atlanta, Georgia, in 1878; the third commit- 
tee at Louisville, Kentucky, in 1884, and the 
fourth committee at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
1890. The fourth committee's term of office is 
from 1894 to 1899. Mr. Jacobs has from the be- 
ginning been a member of this committee. In 
1 88 1 he was elected chairman of the Executive 
Committee of the International Sunday-School 
Convention He was re-elected in 1884, 1887, and 
in 1890 to serve until 1893. He planned the 
World's Sunday School Convention, held in Eng- 
land in 1889, and secured the attendance of 428 
delegates from America, a steamship being char- 
tered to convey them across the Atlantic. He 
declined the presidency of that convention, but 

was chosen one of the two executives of the 
World's Sunday-school Committee. He has been 
for the last twelve years the leader of the Far- 
well Hall Saturday noon teachers' meeting in 
Chicago, which has now an attendance of five hun- 
dred active Sunday-school workers. His duties 
as chairman of the International Sunday-School 
Executive Committee have taken him into most 
of the States and territories, and the Canadian 

He has been honored by his own denomination, 
having been president of the Chicago Baptist 
Social Union in 1887-8, and chairman of the Illi- 
nois Baptist Sunday-School Commission since 

Into his public speaking Mr. Jacobs puts the 
same earnestness that is characteristic of all that 
he does. Whether it be in a talk before a group 
of friends, in his weekly unfolding of the Sunday- 
school lesson, in an illustrated lecture descriptive 
of life across the sea, or in an address before listen- 
ing thousands in a great convention, there will be 
found that kind of direct, telling appeal to the 
heart as well as the mind which moves men. 
There is about his public addresses the "ac- 
tion,' 5 which is the test of true oratory, while 
every now and then some humorous phrase or 
epigrammatic sentence will provoke a smile or 
bring a burst of applause. A tender allusion or a 
pathetic anecdote is likely to follow and turn the 
smiles to tears. 

Mr. Jacobs was married April 16, 1854, to Miss 
Frances M. Eddy, daughter of Dr. John M. 
Eddy, of Naperville, Illinois, formerly a lead- 
ing physician of Rochester, New York. Her 
mother was the daughter of Judge Benjamin 
W-'ley, formerly of Rome, New York. Mrs. 
Jacobs is a lady of much ability and fine culture, 
a true helpmeet in every sense of the word. 

Well-known for his ability and enterprise in the 
management of real estate, highly respected by 
all who know him, and possessing a large circle of 
friends, B. F. Jacobs is a representative business 
man, and a typical Chicago citizen. We cannot 
do better in closing this sketch of a man who has 
commanded success in whatever he has attempted, 
than to use the words of the brilliant woman 
from whose tribute to her friend quotation has 
been made. She says: " It has become trite to 
say that Illinois gave Lincoln and Grant to the 



Union; but we may well remind the Republic, 
and the rest of mankind, that here Dwight L. 
Moody served his apprenticeship, here Philip P. 
Bliss began to sing his deathless songs, here Major 
Whittle's name first attained celebrity, here Mary 
A. Livermore became known as a philanthropist, 
and here B. F. Jacobs was set for the advance of 

such world-wide and popular study of the Bible 
as had never before been dreamed of. He is a 
true Chicagoan, with the push and pluck and the 
daring that go with such a make-up, but all these 
qualities would not avail except that his heart 
has become gentle as that of a child, and his 
spirit most tender and brotherly." 



WILLIAM BEST was born in the ancienjt 
city of Canterbury, England, in 1841, and 
is the son of William and Mary Ann (Whitehead) 
Best. Canterbury was his fathers native city, 
while his mother came originally from Sussex, 
England. Ariving in this country when but ten 
years of age (in 1852), our subject came almost 
directly to Chicago, and completed his education 
in the public schools, gaining a good commercial 
and thoroughly practical education. In 1857 he 
entered the employ of Messrs. John C. Partridge 
& Co., wholesale tobacconists, as an office boy, at 
a salary of five dollars per week. At the end of 
one year he was promoted, and such was his abil- 
ity and value to the firm that he finally became a 
partner in the business. Mr. John C. Partridge 
dying in 1876, Mr. Best became head of the house, 
and shortly afterward organized the firm of Best, 
Russell & Co., which succeeded to the business of 
John C. Partridge & Co. On May ist, 1891, the 
concern of Best, Russell & Co. was incorporated 
under the State laws, under the name of Best & 
Russell Company, Mr. Best being elected presi- 
dent of the same. 

In 1883 Mr. Best was elected collector of taxes 
of the town of South Chicago, being nominated 
without his knowledge or consent. He reluct- 
antly accepted the nomination at the earnest so- 
licitations of his friends, and at the election which 
followed he ran far ahead of his ticket, and that, 
too, without any canvassing or solicitation on his 
part. The bond which he furnished amounted to 
the immense sum of seven million two hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars, and the seventeen men 
who signed it represented twenty-four million dol- 
lars. It was undoubtedly the largest bond ever 
given in the West, and worthily evidenced the 

great confidence and trust reposed in Mr. Best's 
honesty and integrity. For his bond it must be 
remembered was signed by business men, and not, 
as is usually the case, by banks, whose recom- 
pense it is to have control of all surplus collec- 
tions. Mr. Best filled his office until 1884, with 
great ability and satisfaction to the tax-payers, 
and to his credit be it said, he refused to retain 
the two per cent, usually retained by occupants of 
this. position. 

He was married in August, 1865, to Miss Louise 
C. Sterling, daughter of Isaac B. Sterling, of Chi- 
cago. Mr. Best has two children living William 
and Florence G. Another daughter, Grace L., 
died at the age of thirteen years. He was 
appointed in March, 1886, South Park commis- 
sioner as successor to Mr. Bernard Callaghan. 
The position came to him unsolicited, and he con- 
sented to accept it only upon the urgent demands 
of those who recognized his fitness and ability. 
The proposition to extend Michigan avenue boul- 
evard south of Thirty-fifth street was at that time 
a much discussed topic. Interested parties were 
greatly at variance in their opinions, and Mr. Best, 
though asked to make his views public, with that 
energy and honesty which are so characteristic of 
him, refused to state his views or how he would 
vote if he became a member of the board until he 
was thoroughly informed and understood the mat- 
ter in all its bearings ; and, to use his own words, 
" Until I have so informed myself, I will not put 
myself on record as holding to any opinion or 
pledge myself to vote either way not for all the 
offices in the county." This reply was straight- 
forward ; it was the reply of a man accustomed to 
weigh well his motives, and who never promises 
what he does not intend to perform. His reply 




pleased the judges, and he was recommended by 
them as a thoroughly reliable and competent man 
and he was elected, giving a bond (as is usual) 
of fifty thousand dollars. In 1887 Mr. Best was 
elected president of the board, and held that posi- 
tion until the expiration of his term, in 1891. He 
was the unanimous choice of the Circuit Court 
judges to succeed himself as commissioner, an 
action which reflected high honor upon Mr. Best 
and has resulted in great benefit to Chicago's park 

In September, 1886, he was nominated for the 
shrievalty of Cook county. His nomination was 
substantially by acclamation, and was the result of 
the high esteem in which he is held by the com- 
munity wherein his active life has been spent. 
When his name was mentioned for a more desira- 
ble place than the sheriff's office one that would 
make smaller demand upon the personal attention 
Mr. Best was emphatic in his refusal to be con- 
sidered a candidate. His nomination for the 
sheriff 's office was an expression of the popular 
wish, and Mr. Best at first made an effort to accede 
to the popular wish, but on further consideration 
was forced to withdraw his name. The demands 
of his extensive business already engrossed so 
much of his time and attention that to accept this 
office, and still attend to his business affairs, must 
have resulted in great injustice to one of these 
interests. His retirement was marked with the 
kindliest feeling of his party. 

Politically a Democrat, he is one of the party's 
staunchest supporters, but his business interests 

are so great and his time so fully occupied that 
he is unable to devote to party organization that 
attention which he would otherwise be glad to 

Socially, he is connected with some of our best 
clubs, such as the Washington Park, Calumet, 
Douglas, Iroquois, etc. He is a Mason of the 
thirty-second degree and a member of Apollo 
Commandery, Knights Templar. 

In religious faith he is a Presbyterian. He is an 
attendant at the Sixth Presbyterian Church, and 
for many years has been a member of its Board 
of Trustees. He was chairman of the Building 
Committee at the time the present church build- 
ing was erected at the corner of Vincennes and 
Oak avenues, and laid the corner-stone of same on 
Tuesday, July 8, 1879, and has always been prom- 
inent in all its affairs. Mr. Best is a stockholder 
in the World's Columbian Exposition, and was 
official proxy holder of shares subscribed for same 
for the purpose of electing directors thereof, and 
had sufficient proxies which with his own shares 
would have elected him a director, but being 
president of the South Park Board of Commis- 
sioners, and knowing that the " site " question 
would come up between the two bodies, he chose 
to cast his votes for others than himself. 

As a representative of one of Chicago's great 
commercial enterprises, and as a citizen of more 
than ordinary prominence, William Best is well 
deserving a place in a work which contains the 
biographies and the history of Chicago's most 
eminent citizens and representative business men. 



THE subject of this sketch was born at Ash- 
tabula, Ohio, on Nov. i, 1839. His parents, 
born in Massachusetts and Connecticut, and de- 
scended on both sides from old New England 
stock, moved to Ohio and were among the pio- 
neers in that State. H is elementary education was 
attained in such schools as the times afforded. 
The school-house he attended, however, has be- 
come an object of historical interest, it having 
been the scene of the early labors of the martyred 
president, James A. Garfield. 

After mastering the rudiments, he entered the 
Grand River Institute, where he completed his 
school education and was graduated. His incli- 
nation and education fitted him for the profession 
of civil engineering, and as the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern Railroad was then being con- 
structed, he accepted a position on its surveying 
force, and thus put his knowledge to a practical 

At the opening of the War of the Rebellion in 
1 86 1, he, as his father had done in the war of 



1812, did not permit the first call for volunteers 
to pass unheeded, but responded to the call for 
seventy-five thousand ninety-days men, and en- 
listed on April 16, 1861, in the Nineteenth Regi- 
ment, Ohio Volunteers, infantry. 

After his term of enlistment had expired, he 
re-enlisted in the Eleventh New York Battery, 
and although severely wounded on July 3, 1863, 
in the battle of Gettysburg, he did not lay down 
his arms until the surrender of Lee. 

In 1866 he settled in Chicago, and has held 
official positions ever since, maintaining through 
all an unspotted record and a character above re- 
proach. The positions he has held have been : 

Assistant County Surveyor, 1866 to 1875; Assis- 
tant Engineer of the Street Department, 1875 to 
1880. In 1880 he was appointed Superintendent 
of Sewers, and is still (1892) holding that position. 

In 1875 he joined the Masonic Fraternity, and 
has held all chairs from the Blue Lodge to 
Chapter and Commandery. 

On December 21, 1871, he was married to Miss 
Laura McMahon, and has a family of four chil- 

Mr. Cheney has a well-developed physique, a 
pleasing address and a commanding presence, 
and a man whose very manner marks him as a 
man of prominence. 



THE subject of this sketch is a profound 
lawyer, argumentative and diplomatic, schol- 
arly, dignified and accomplished, careful, pains- 
taking, studious and unassuming. He has attained 
eminence in his profession and an honorable place 
among his fellow men. He has a well-balanced 
judgment, and possesses strong analytical and 
logical reasoning power. He delves deep into 
legal science in the endeavor to bring to light 
new facts and principles. He is a recognized 
authority on corporation law. He is broad, com- 
prehensive and liberal in his views. He has trav- 
eled extensively and is well informed. He is 
genial and makes many warm friends. 

Alfred Ennis was born June 24, 1837, in Mor- 
gan county, Indiana. He was the oldest of three 
brothers his brothers being named Gainford 
Forrest and James Paris. His father, Mitchell 
Ennis, was a native of Kentucky, and his mother, 
whose maiden name was Nancy Trent, was a 
native of Virginia. They were among the early 
settlers in Central Indiana. They owned and 
resided upon a farm ; were members of the 
Methodist Church, exemplary citizens and highly 
esteemed. Alfred lived upon the farm with his 
parents. He was ambitious and progressive and 
a great favorite with his associates and acquaint- 
ances. At the age of eighteen his educational 
advantages had been only such as resulted from 
his own efforts in studying at home, evenings 

and Sundays, and in attending a country school 
during the winter seasons. 

In the fall of 1855, having earned and saved a 
small sum of money, he was enabled to attend 
Franklin College, Indiana. While there he was 
compelled to avoid the slightest unnecessary ex- 
pense, which proved good training. He was a 
faithful and laborious student. When his money 
was exhausted, he returned home and taught 
school in the district where he was raised. In at- 
tendance at this school were many of his former 
associates and acquaintances, some of whom were 
much older and larger than himself. The school 
was a success. At its close, with the money 
earned, he was enabled to resume his attendance 
at college, and applied himself to study with 
more than his usual zeal. At the close of his 
college course he returned home and devoted his 
spare time to study, teaching school during the 
winter seasons. At the age of twenty-one he had 
become a leader in his community. 

In the summer of 1858 he was offered the posi- 
tion, which he accepted, of salesman in the dry 
goods house of Messrs. Parks and Hite (Perminter 
M. Parks and Milton Hite), the largest and wealth- 
iest mercantile firm at Martinsville, the county 
seat. He gave entire satisfaction to his employ- 
ers, whose implicit confidence he gained, and who 
were ever afterward his most intimate personal 
and business friends. 



3 OI 

In March, 1859, Mr - En nis> father died, leaving 
his mother and two brothers alone upon the farm. 
He at once withdrew from his engagement with 
Messrs. Parks and Hite, and returned home, 
where he, with his two brothers, took charge of 
and cultivated the farm that season. He was ap- 
pointed administrator of his father's estate, which 
necessitated his obtaining and reading the statutes 
of the State, and this resulted in his forming a 
desire to study law. He obtained Blackstone's 
Commentaries and read them during the summer 
of that year. When the greater part of farm 
work was done for that season, he taught a sub- 
scription school in his home district, from which 
he realized sufficient money to enable him to at- 
tend law school. 

In the fall of 1859, having successfully settled 
up his father's estate, leaving his mother and two 
brothers upon the farm, he, in company with a 
young neighboring friend, James M. Dill (now 
Judge Dill, of Bellville, Illinois), attended a law 
school in Indianapolis, Indiana, conducted by the 
Hons. Jonathan W. Gordon, Napoleon B. Taylor 
and John Coburn. At the close of this school he 
attended the law school of the Northwestern 
Christian University, in the same city, where the 
Hon. Samuel E. Perkins, then one of the Judges 
of the Supreme Court of Indiana, was the profes- 
sor. At this school he entered the senior class, 
and in the spring of 1860 was graduated. He 
again returned home, where his counsel was soon 
sought by his friends and acquaintances. He 
was soon employed to commence suits and con- 
duct trials. His first case was of a novel charac- 
ter and without a precedent. A man named Hall 
seeing a swarm of bees passing in the air, pursued 
them some distance, when he succeeded in set- 
tling them on a small tree on the land of a man 
named Hess. Hall returned home for a hive. 
While gone, Hess, who lived near by, discovered 
the bees, felled the tree, put the bees into a hive, 
and carried them away. Hall claimed the bees. 
Hess refused to give them up. Hall applied to 
Mr. Ennis for counsel, who advised the com- 
mencement of an action of replevin. The action 
was commenced. On the day of the trial. Mr. 
Ennis appeared for Hall. He recognized the 
fact that this was more than an ordinary event 
in his life, perhaps a turning point. He took 
the position that bees, though fcrce natur<z, 

might be subdued and reclaimed, when they 
would become the subject of qualified property 
and ownership; that the pursuing and settling 
the bees by Hall was such a subduing and re- 
claiming as to give him a qualified property in 
them. His reasoning had its desired effect a 
decision was rendered in favor of Hall. This vic- 
tory was followed by others. Thus encouraged, 
Mr. Ennis applied himself to the study of his pro- 
fession with renewed hope, energy and persever- 

In the fall of 1860 he opened an office at 
Martinsville, Indiana, the county seat of his 
native county. He soon gained the reputation 
of being the most studious and industrious law- 
yer, and of keeping the neatest and best arranged 
office, in the place. He was determined to suc- 
ceed, consequently gave his undivided attention 
to business, and was in almost constant attend- 
ance at his office or in court. About this time 
Mr. Ennis formed a partnership with the Hon. 
Samuel H. Buskirk, subsequently one of the 
Judges of the Supreme Court of Indiana, a lawyer 
of experience and ability, who then resided at 
Bloomington, Indiana, but attended the courts 
at Martinsville. 

On November 29, 1860, Mr. Ennis was married, 
at Manchester, Indiana, to Miss Almarinda Bald- 
ridge, a young lady of high culture and refine- 
ment, whose acquaintance he had formed while 
attending law school. Miss Baldridge was a 
daughter of the late Rev. Daniel Baldridge, a 
pioneer minister of renown in the Christian 
Church of Ohio. She was a faithful and devoted 
member of the church, and, like her husband, in- 
dustrious, economical, energetic and persevering. 

From this time forward Mr. Ennis applied him- 
self to the duties of his profession with all the 
power he could command. His fidelity to clients, 
honesty of purpose, and upright deportment as a 
man, commanded universal respect. He suc- 
ceeded in his profession far beyond his most 
sanguine expectations. He was in his office early 
and late; would often rise in the morning before 
daylight, and, while his wife prepared breakfast, 
saw and split a supply of wood for the day ; then 
eat his breakfast and go to his office and com- 
mence the day's work while it was yet too dark to 
read without the aid of a lamp. In the summer of 
1863 the partnership existing between Mr. Ennis 



and Mr. Buskirk was dissolved by mutual consent, 
the strongest ties of friendship and personal regard 
for each other ever afterward existing. 

At the beginning of the year 1864, Mr. Ennis 
formed a partnership with Hon. Cyrus F. Mc- 
Nutt, a man of the same age, a classmate both 
at college and at law school, and subsequently 
professor of law in the State University of Indi- 
ana, and now judge of the Superior Court at 
Terre Haute, Indiana. This partnership was a 

In the summer of 1866, Mr. Ennis joined the 
Christian Church, and has since lived a worthy, 
consistent and exemplary member thereof. 

At the beginning of the year 1867 the partner- 
ship existing between Mr. Ennis and Mr. McNutt 
was dissolved by mutual consent, their friendship 

In the spring of 1867, Mr. Parks, one of Mr. 
Ennis' former employers, then the wealthiest as 
well as the most prominent and influential man 
in the county, died. By the terms of his will, 
which had not been previously made known to 
Mr. Ennis, his estate, consisting of large banking, 
mercantile and farming interests, aggregating 
more than a quarter of a million dollars, was 
placed under the exclusive control and manage- 
ment of his executors for a period of over 
nine years. So much confidence had Mr. Parks 
in Mr. Ennis' integrity and ability that in his 
will he named him as his principal executor 
there being two, one of Mr. Parks' sons, much 
younger than Mr. Ennis, being named as the 
other. The tenure of this trust being so great, 
Mr. Ennis, who had determined to devote his 
entire time strictly to the duties of his profession, 
and not to engage in any other business pursuits, 
voluntarily declined to accept it. 

In the fall of 1867, Mr. Ennis, who has always 
been the embodiment of order, system and regu- 
larity in business, and who has a critically artistic 
taste, refitted and refurnished his offices in the 
most attractive manner, at the same time adding 
a great number of new volumes to his then large 
law library. He now had the best arranged law 
offices and the largest law library in the place. 
At this time his mother and two brothers 
moved to the county seat, where his elder 
brother, who had received a good education, en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits, his younger brother 

attending school and subsequently commencing 
the study of law in Mr. Ennis' office. 

In the spring of 1869, Mr. Ennis was em- 
ployed to go abroad in the interest of clients. 
Before starting he was presented with many kind 
letters of introduction and commendation ad- 
dressed to prominent men both in this country 
and in England. Among such letters was the 
following from the Hon. Thomas A. Hendricks, 
late Vice-President of the United States, now de- 
ceased : 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND., May 21, 1869. 
HON. JOHN E. RISLEY, Washington, D. C. 

Dear Friend: Allow me to introduce Alfred Ennis, 
Esq., a prominent lawyer and most worthy gentleman of 
Morgan county in this State. He visits Washington on his 
way to Europe, and will make a short stay. If you can make 
it pleasant for him, in any way, or aid him in any prepara- 
tions for his journey, I shall be gratified. 
I am very truly yours, 


Mr. Ennis first stopped in the city of Liver- 
pool, where he saw many objects of general in- 
terest. He then visited the city of Chester, the 
oldest inhabited place in the United Kingdom, 
where he saw many objects of great antiquity, 
some of which dated back more than two 
thousand years. He then visited the city of 
London, where he remained about one month. 
While there he attended sessions of all the courts, 
and saw their practical working under the old 
common law and equity forms of procedure. He 
was present at the trial, before the House of 
Lords, of the noted suit of William Patrick Ralston 
Shedden and his daughter, Miss Annabella Jean 
Shedden, of Scotland, appellants, against Patrick 
and the Attorney General, respondents. The 
suit involved, among other things, the questions 
of whether or not William Patrick Ralston Shed- 
den, the father, was a legitimate or illegitimate 
son, and whether or not he was an alien or a 
British subject. The arguments for the appel- 
lants were made by themselves in person, the 
father speaking two days and the daughter, Miss 
Shedden, speaking twenty-three days. While 
there he visited many places of general interest, 
including the Houses of Parliament, the Rev. C. 
H. Spurgeon's religious temple, where he heard 
that celebrated divine. He also made many 
acquaintances while there. He visited George 
Peabody and Judah P. Benjamin, the distin- 



guished Americans, then there. Through the 
courtesy of the Hon. Benjamin Moran, at that 
time the American Secretary of Legation in Lon- 
don, he was granted the privileges while there of 
the reading-room of the British Museum. The 
following was Mr. Moran's letter of request : 

My Dear Sir: The bearer, Alfred Ennis, Esq., is an 
American gentleman who has come highly recommended to 
me. He desires a card of admission to the reading-room of 
the British Museum, and you will much oblige me by grant- 
ing this favor to him. 

Very truly yours, 


J. WINTER JONES, ESQ., Principal Librarian British 

Mr. Ennis visited France, first stopping in the 
city of Paris. While there he attended sessions 
of all the courts, and saw the practical adminis- 
tration of justice under the civil law. He then 
visited the city of Versailles, and saw the cele- 
brated palace at that place, and inspected its im- 
mense art galleries and historical museums. He 
then visited Malmaison, and saw the old residence 
of Napoleon I the home of the Empress Jose- 
phine when living. He visited Scotland, stopping 
in the cities of Edinburg and Glasgow, where he 
saw much that was interesting. He visited Ireland, 
stopping in the cities of Belfast, Dublin, Cork and 
Queenstown. From Queenstown he sailed for 
home, experiencing four days and nights of severe 
storm in mid-ocean. 

In the fall of 1869 he completed the construc- 
tion of one of the most elegant residences in his 
native county. He now had every reason to feel 
that he was settled for life. He had built up a 
large, and, for that place, lucrative general law 
practice, giving special attention to corporation 
law. In the summer of 1870, although having 
previously traveled extensively, he for the first 
time visited the State of Kansas, stopping in 
Topeka. While there he became so favorably 
impressed with the prospective greatness of 
the State that he formed a desire to remove 
there. In the spring of 1871 he again visited 
Kansas, this time accompanied by his family. 
He stopped in Topeka, as before, and while 
there finally decided to remove to that place. 
On his return home he at once commenced to 
close up his business, preparatory to locating in 

On June 29, 1871, Mr. Ennis, accompanied by 
his family, left Martinsville, Indiana, his former 
home, to take up his residence in Topeka. 
When starting, and while on the platform of the 
railroad depot, he was visited by his brother 
lawyers of the place, who, after bidding him 
adieu, as a further token of their high respect 
and esteem for him formally presented him 
with engrossed preambles and resolutions which 
had been adopted at a bar meeting held in his 
absence and without his knowledge ; and were 
to the effect that, as their brother, with whom 
they had been so long and pleasantly associated, 
was about to leave them for another field of use- 
fulness, they deemed it fitting to express their 
unfeigned sorrow and regret at parting with him ; 
and that they cheerfully commended him to the 
courts, to the members of the bar, and to the 
people generally, " as an honest, industrious and 
able lawyer, a faithful friend, a valuable citizen 
and a Christian gentleman." Hon. William R. 
Harrison, whose name was signed to the pre- 
ambles and resolutions as president, was the 
oldest lawyer in the place, having been in act- 
ive practice about thirty years, and was also one 
of the most talented lawyers in the State. Hon. 
P. S. Parks, whose name was signed to the same 
as secretary, was the oldest son of Mr. Ennis' 
former employer, a lawyer by profession, and 
at one time a resident of the State of Kansas, 
where he was a member of the constitutional con- 
vention of that State held at Wyandotte in 
1859, a * which the constitution of Kansas was 
adopted, and was a man of noted ability. As a still 
further evidence of the high respect and esteem 
with which Mr. Ennis was regarded in the place 
of his nativity, he carried with him letters of the 
highest commendation from many leading citizens, 
all the officers of the county, all the officers of 
the State, and the judges of the courts in his 
part of the State. 

Mr. Ennis and his family arrived in Topeka on 
July i, 1871. He soon thereafter opened an 
office, and was immediately favored with large 
retainers by corporations and others; his busi- 
ness soon increased to a large and lucrative prac- 
tice. In the fall of 1871 his mother and two 
brothers moved to Topeka, where his elder 
brother engaged in successful mercantile pur- 
suits until his death on January 12, 1874. Mr. 


Ennis applied himself strictly to the practice of 
his profession while in Kansas, giving almost ex- 
clusive attention to business in the Federal courts 
of some six or eight States, and especially to that 
branch of litigation growing out of the default of 
payment of municipal and other corporate se- 
curities in the Western States, and to railroad and 
corporation law generally. His success was com- 
plete. He had an extensive acquaintance, and as 
a consequence his clientage was not alone confined 
to this country, but extended to England. His 
business was large and profitable, and probably 
second to that of no law firm in the West. 

In the summer of 1880, Mr. Ennis, accompanied 
by his family, visited California. He carried with 
him numerous letters of introduction and com- 
mendation from prominent persons, among which 
was the following from the Hon. Albert H. Hor- 
ton, then and now Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Kansas, addressed to the Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court of California : 


TOPEKA, June 18, 1880. 

Sir: Pardon my addressing you without acquaintance, 
but as our townsman, Hon. Alfred Ennis, is about to visit your 
State, I desire to commend him to your confidence and atten- 
tion. Mr. Ennis is one of the ablest lawyers in Kansas, is a 
gentleman of high character, and greatly esteemed by all 
acquainted with him. He has won distinction, especially in 
the litigation of railroad and other securities, and has an ex- 
tensive practice in this and in the adjoining States. 



Also equally complimentary letters from the 
Hon. John F. Dillon, late United States Circuit 
Judge for the Eighth Circuit, addressed to the 
Hon. S. J. Field, then and now one of the Jus- 
tices of the United States Supreme Court, and 
the Hon. Lorenzo Sawyer, Judge of the United 
States Circuit Court for the Ninth Circuit ; from 
the Hon. Cassius G. Foster, then and now 
United States District Judge for the District of 
Kansas, addressed to the Hon. Ogden Hoffman 
and the Hon. Mathew P. Deady, United States 
District Judges, the former for the District of 
California and the latter for the District of Ore- 
gon ; and from the officials of the Missouri Pacific 
and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa F6 Railway 
companies, addressed to the officials of the Central 
Pacific and the Southern Pacific Railway com- 

In the summer of 1882, Mr. Ennis, accompanied 
by his family, took up his temporary residence 
in Boston, where he attended to business inter- 
ests and law practice that had made it necessary 
for him to go there, and where, meantime, his 
children received the educational advantages of 
that city. In the fall of 1883 it became necessary 
for him to be in New York City for some time ; 
hence, accompanied by his family, he went there, 
where he remained until the spring of 1884, when, 
by previous arrangement he came to Chicago, and 
took charge of the legal department of Pull- 
man's Palace Car Company as general counsel of 
the company. He carried with him to Chicago 
many highly complimentary letters from men of 
high standing in Boston, in New York and in 
other cities, among which letters was one from 
the Hon. Archibald L. \Villiams, of Topeka, Kan- 
sas, ex-Attorney General of Kansas, and then 
and now counsel for the Union Pacific Railway 
Company, an able lawyer, and from whose letter 
the following quotation is made: " Hon. Alfred 
Ennis is a first-class lawyer, and as counsel for 
corporations is invaluable. I have frequently 
been associated with, and still more frequently 
opposed to, him in large corporation cases, and I 
know few men more valuable as an associate or 
more formidable as an adversary." 

Mr. Ennis removed his family to Chicago, where 
they have since resided. His family consisted of 
his wife, an only son, Walter B., and three daugh- 
ters, Lilie A., Luna May and Alma Viola. 

Mr. Ennis, as general counsel, conducted the 
large business of the legal department of the 
Pullman Company for about five years, achieving 
the greatest success. During the time named the 
business in his charge aggregated many million 
dollars, and included many thousand miscellane- 
ous and contested matters, and many hundred law- 
suits throughout the United States, Canada and 
Mexico, on account of all of which under his 
management the company had to pay less than 
two-thirds of one per cent, upon the amounts in- 
volved. About the close of the year 1888 Mr. 
Ennis resigned from the position of general coun- 
sel of the Pullman Company, retaining the highest 
respect and esteem of the officers and all others 
connected with the company. 

In pursuance of previous plans, on May i, 1889, 
he opened offices in " The Rookery," in Chicago, 



for the practice of law, and especially with the 
view of associating with himself as a partner in 
the practice his son, Walter B., who was studying 
law, and, although in delicate health, was thor- 
oughly educated and a young man of sterling 
qualities and of great promise, and to whom Mr. 
Ennis and his family looked forward with the 
brightest hopes ; but before he regained his 
health, and before he was able to enter upon the 
duties of his chosen profession, he died, on March 
31, 1890. Since the death of his son Mr. Ennis 
has endeavored to confine his practice to corpo- 
ration law. 

He occasionally, upon special requests, pre- 
pares and delivers an address upon subjects of 
current interest. He read before the Illinois 
State Bar Association, at its twelfth annual meet- 
ing, an exhaustive paper upon the subject of 
" Commerce : Intra-State and Inter-State ; Its 
Regulation and Taxation." He also read, on the 
occasion of the banquet at the twelfth annual 

meeting of the American Bar Association, a 
complimentary sentiment upon the subject of 
" The American Bar Association." 

Mr. Ennis' daughters are highly educated and 
accomplished young ladies, having been graduated 
at Dearborn Seminary in Chicago, and at Miss 
Brown's, in New York, besides having received 
special instruction in special branches of study. 
. His mother resides in Chicago and his brother 
in New York. 

Mr. Ennis has been for many years a Mason of 
the higher degrees Royal Arch, Knights Tem- 
lar and Scottish Rite. He is a member of the 
City, State, American and National bar asso- 

In politics he has always been a Democrat. 
While of positive political opinions, he favors 
strict economy and practical reform in the man- 
agement of public affairs, municipal, state and 
national. His efforts have been blessed. He has 
a large business and a most desirable clientage. 



THE professional man who has the advantage 
of an early and liberal education, an exten- 
sive and varied course of reading, and whose well- 
developed mind has been enlarged by considera- 
ble travel, possesses many advantages over his 
less fortunate associates. By study he has culti- 
vated his intelligence, and by intercourse with 
others he has gained experience. 

James Sager Norton, gifted with more than 
ordinary ability, afforded early opportunity for 
study, and who finished his academic course with 
foreign travel, is to-day amongst the most promi- 
nent professional men of this city. He was born 
December 6, 1844, at Lockport, 111. His parents 
were Hiram Norton and Elizabeth, /<? Sager, 
both of whom were descended from highly re- 
spected families. His father was a grain mer- 
chant at Lockport, and the proprietor of the 
Norton Mills. Young Norton received his ele- 
mentary education at the public school, and later 
at a select school in his native town. He was 
afterwards entered at Kenyon College, Gambier, 
Ohio, where he proved himself to be an earnest 

and careful student. His progress was such that 
his parents determined to send him to Yale, 
where he graduated with honor in the class of 
1865. A docile student, a cheerful companion 
and a careful and accurate reader, his training 
and culture reflect credit on his professors. 

Being twentv-one years of age, he resolved on 
making the law his future profession, and, after a 
year of travel in Europe entered himself as a 
student in the Columbia. Law School, New York 
City, where he made' considerable progress in the 
study of the theory of law. 

When Mr. Norton completed his course at the 
law school, he chose Chicago as his residence, and 
entered the law office of Scammon, McCagg and 
Fuller. Here he gave evidence of the ability 
which he has since developed. He was admitted 
to practice in 1868, his first association being with 
Benjamin D. Magruder, then Master in Chancery, 
and now Judge of the Supreme Court of this 
State. He was afterwards associated for many 
years with John N. Jewett, under the firm name 
of Jewett & Norton. The present firm of Nor- 

3 6 


ton, Burley & Howell (Clarence A. Burley and J. 
W. Howell), was formed January i, 1888. The 
firm has a large and lucrative practice, principally 
in real estate and corporation law. As a lawyer 
he is careful, conscientious and painstaking, pos- 
sessed of a high degree of honor, and in all his 
transactions a man of uncompromising integrity. 
In his statement of a case he is clear, concise 
and accurate ; in his argument brief, logical and 
convincing. He seldom attempts any rhetorical 
display, but when he does, his style is florid, 
pleasing and attractive. He has the art of using 
his extensive reading to adorn and illustrate with- 
out revealing the art or labor of rhetoric. 

In politics, Mr. Norton is independent. He be- 
lieves in casting his ballot for the most deserving 
candidate, whatever his politics. His extensive 
travels through this country have shown him that 
party affiliations, strictly followed, are not always 
for the people's benefit. 

He is a member of many social and literary 
clubs, amongst them the Chicago, the Union, the 
University and the Literary. He has been presi- 
dent of the Literary Club, and is now president 
of the Civil Service Reform Club. In literary 
and political circles Mr. Norton has a high repu- 
tation. He is averse to controversy, but is a 
powerful adversary and an able exponent. In 
social circles and- in post-prandial efforts, he is 
very happy. His wit and humor, graceful diction 
and felicitous allusions sparkle in every sentence. 

In October, 1873, Mr. Norton married Miss 
Frances Rumsey, daughter of George F. Rumsey, 
Esq., of this city. They have two daughters liv- 
ing. Besides his residence here he has also a 
summer residence at Lake Geneva, where he en- 
joys, after his professional duties, the company of 
his accomplished wife and daughters, whom it is 
his greatest pleasure to surround with every com- 
fort and luxury. 



EDWARD B. BUTLER, one of the direct- 
ors of the World's Columbian Exposition, 
is a native of the Pine Tree State, and was born at 
Lewiston, December 16, 1853. When he was 
five years old his family removed to Boston, where 
he received such education as was afforded by 
the grammar and high schools of that city. He 
was brought up to work, and between school 
hours assisted his father, who was engaged in the 
retail grocery business. This may be said to be 
his first mercantile experience, but at the age of 
sixteen he left school and engaged with a whole- 
sale dry goods and notion house, where, filling 
successively the usual positions of bundle-boy, 
packer, entry clerk and shipper, he became a 
traveling salesman for the house at the early age 
of eighteen. The next five years, engaged as 
a commercial traveler, first through New England 
and Canada, and afterward in the Western States, 
are regarded by Mr. Butler as among the most 
important of his life, because of the practical 
knowledge of business and merchants thus gained, 
and which it seems impossible to acquire in any 
other way. 

In 1877 he returned to Boston, and with his 
brother, George H. Butler, started in business 
under the firm name of Butler Brothers, their 
brother, Charles H., joining them a year later. 
The coming together of these three brothers 
meant certain ultimate success, but a history 
of the marvelous and extremely rapid growth of 
this house would read almost like a fairy tale. 
At first the firm dealt only in notions and small 
wares, and except that its members were unusu- 
ally alert and active, its business was not materi- 
ally different from that of a dozen other firms 
then engaged in a similar line of trade. 

In January, 1878, however, a decided and rad- 
ical change was made, an innovation so abrupt 
and original in the methods of doing business as 
to place this firm prominently before the mercan- 
tile world as the creators of a new line of trade so 
peculiarly its own as to necessitate for it a new 
classification in the business directory of that day. 
They inaugurated among the retailers of America 
the " five-cent counter plan," a method which 
in itself seemed so trifling as to appear but a 
passing " bright idea " a mere incident in mer- 




chandising yet which has proven the foundation 
of the wonderfully successful "department stores" 
of the present day. The business increased with 
great strides to marvelous proportions, since 
merchants everywhere, from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific, were practically dependent upon this one 
house for their " department store " goods. The 
idea of supplying thousands of articles which 
could be retailed at a uniform price was hardly 
more novel than the radical departure from exist- 
ing business methods which the firm of Butler 
Brothers made in its manner of soliciting trade. 
Instead of sending out a great number of travel- 
ing men, they issued a comprehensive catalogue, 
styled by them " Our Drummer," which, growing 
with the business, is to-day without doubt the 
most original and effective publication of its kind 
in the world. Mr. Butler is now president of the 
corporation still retaining the name of Butler 
Brothers which he, with his brothers, now dead, 
founded ; with two houses, one in New York 
and the other in Chicago, employing more than 
three hundred men, and doing a yearly business 
of more than five million dollars. In order to 
give some idea of the magnitude of the adver- 
tising features of this house, we will state that 
last year upward of forty thousand dollars were 
paid for postage stamps for mailing the cata- 
logue from their Chicago house alone. To origi- 
nate, establish and carry to a successful issue such 
a scheme requires peculiar endowments in the 
man who has so succeeded. Mr. Butler is the pos- 
sessor of the qualifications needed. He is cool 
and deliberate in his judgment, a good judge of 
men, far-sighted and clear in his views of men and 
events. He is a man of courage, combined with 
that energy and perseverance that will overcome 
difficulties. To these qualities he adds a sa- 

gacity and self-possession which enables him to 
employ his powers to the best advantage in all 
the affairs of life. The world owes much to such 
men. He is one of those who will behave with 
moderation under both good fortune and bad ; 
who will know how to be exalted and how to 
be abased ; neither excessively elated with suc- 
cess, nor cast down by failure. He is graceful 
and dignified in person and manner, and culti- 
vated in his tastes, which of course he can gratify. 
He takes a special interest in all matters pertain- 
ing to moral progress, and contributes liberally 
of his money to the support of every worthy 
cause, having lately erected a building containing 
a picture gallery, a reading-room and branch of 
the Public Library, and donated it to the Hull 
House settlement, which is located in the midst 
of Chicago's poor, in the southwestern portion of 
the city. The supervision of the immense busi- 
ness, as well as several private enterprises, and as 
director in a bank and trustee in four public 
institutions, together with his duties as vice-chair- 
man of the Ways and Means Committee of the 
World's Columbian Exposition, combine to make 
Mr. Butler one of the extremely busy men of 
Chicago. He is, however, always accessible to 
visitors, and receives all with cordial and un- 
feigned courtesy. He is a lover of the fine arts, 
and has a gallery at his residence, in which are 
hung many fine paintings. He is known to be an 
open-handed giver, particularly to objects which 
aim to help the poor to help themselves, and im- 
prove the mental and moral condition of men. 

Mr. Butler was married in 1880 to Miss Jennie 
Holley, of Norwalk, Connecticut, a lady of rare 
attainments, added to much beauty of person and 
character, and who is greatly admired by a wide 
circle of friends. 



THE subject of this biography is one of the 
most substantial young lawyers practicing 
at the Chicago bar. He is well versed in all the 
elementary principles of the law, as well as the 
technicalities and subtleties of his profession, and 
in corporation law, to which he has given special 

attention, there are few lawyers who are better 
posted than he. 

He was born February 20, 1865, at Urbana, 
Illinois, and is the son of Benjamin M. and Eliza- 
beth (Cook) Davies. His father is a wealthy re- 
tired lumberman. Charles Francis commenced 

3 io 


his education in the public schools. He spent 
four years in Washburn College, at Topeka, Kan- 
sas, and was graduated from that institution in 
1884. During the last two years he was in col- 
lege he not only kept up his classical and scien- 
tific studies, but also found considerable time to 
devote to the study of the law in the office of an 
attorney at Topeka. He afterwards attended the 
Yale Law College two years, and was graduated 
therefrom in 1886. He was then admitted to the 
bar, and immediately settled in Chicago, where 
he has practiced law alone ever since with excel- 
lent success. He now has a large clientage 

among the wealthy citizens and large corpora- 
tions of Chicago, occupying an elegant suite of 
offices in the Rookery building, and enjoying a 
luxurious home on Prairie avenue agreeably envi- 
roned. He is now reaping the reward of his years 
of hard study and early industry. Mr. Davies is 
a member of the Union League Club, the Carle- 
ton Club, and the Union Veteran League Club. 

He was married in 1886 to Miss Lena Tipton, 
of Jacksonville, Illinois, a highly educated lady, 
finely accomplished in music, painting and draw- 
ing. They have two children : BenAlla Francis 
and LuBeth Margurite. 



AMONG the men who have visited most 
quarters of the globe and made use of the 
artistic, scientific and practical knowledge that 
they had thus obtained, for the benefit of their 
fellow-men, none is more favorably known, nor 
has made better use of their advantages, thus ob- 
tained, for the city of Chicago and its inhabitants, 
than has the subject of this biography. He was 
born in Wildberg, a beautiful town located in the 
celebrated " Black Forest " district of Wurtern- 
berg, South Germany, on March 6, 1837. When 
a lad of five years, his parents immigrated to 
the United States, the ocean voyage occupying 
fifty-two days between Havre and New York. 
They finally settled at Columbia, Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania. In 1848, the family 
moved to the mountain district in Somerset 
county, and it was here and in the place of their 
previous residence that Charles obtained his ele- 
mentary education, by attending private schools. 
Our subject early in life showed those traits of in- 
dependence and love of adventure and travel 
that have characterized his later life, and when 
but a mere child he made daily journeys over the 
mountains, carrying the United States mail. His 
daily trip was twenty miles and return. For this 
service he received twenty-five cents per diem. 

In the spring of 1850 the family removed to 
Peru, Illinois, journeying by the Pennsylvania 
canal to Pittsburg, thence by the rivers to St. 
Louis, and thence up to the headwaters of the 

Illinois river. Here young Gunther attended pri- 
vate and public schools, and at an early age be- 
gan his business career in a general store, which he 
soon left to accept a position in a drug store. He 
became a competent drug clerk, and also studied 
the rudiments of medical science. His next po- 
sition was in the post office at Peru, where he be- 
came manager of the office. Following that he 
became an employe in the bank of Alexander 
Cruickshank, who represented the famous banking 
house of George Smith and Co. of Chicago. He 
remained with this firm five years, and after three 
years in their employ, was made cashier of the 
bank. In those days Peru was a great ice pack- 
ing depot, whence large quantities of this com- 
modity were shipped to southern cities. Young 
Gunther, through his business relations, became 
intimately acquainted with prominent business 
men of the South, which at that time offered 
great opportunities to an ambitious young man. 
Resigned his position in the early fall of 1860, he 
went thither, and after visiting all of the leading 
cities of the Southern states, settled in Memphis, 
accepting a position with Messrs. Bohlen, Wilson 
and Co., the leading ice firm in the South. The 
opening of the war of the Rebellion about this 
time, paralyzed mercantile business in the South. 
After the firing upon Fort Sumter and the 
proclamation by President Lincoln, closing the 
ports of all Southern cities, a majority of the 
population of the South enlisted in the Confeder- 



ate Army, and many of the " Sons of the North " 
fled from the southern territory. Not so with Mr. 
Gunther; he believed, with many others in the 
South, that the trouble would be short lived, and 
remained faithfully at his post. When the block- 
ade became effective and all mercantile pursuits 
practically dead, he accepted a position on the 
Arkansas River steamer, " Rose Douglas," in the 
service of the Confederate Government, as pur- 
chasing steward and subsequently as purser. He 
navigated all of the southern rivers tributary 
to the Mississippi, transporting troops, conscripts 
and supplies. By the capture of Memphis and 
New Orleans, this steamer, while up the Arkansas 
river was blockaded, and afterward was captured 
and burned at Van Buren, Arkansas, by Gen. 
Blunt's army, consisting principally of Kansas 
troops. Mr. Gunther, upon being liberated, was 
courteously entertained at the headquarters of 
the commanding general, and also at the head- 
quarters of his successor, Gen. Scofield. He next 
journeyed northward to Fort Scott and thence 
to Fort Leavenworth, traveling partly on horse- 
back and partly on a captured coach, there being 
then no railroads in that part of Missouri and 
Kansas. Returning to his old home in Peru, he 
remained there three days and then accepted a 
position, for a short time, in a bank at Peoria, 
made vacant by the temporary illness of an em- 

He next accepted a situation as traveling sales- 
man for the wholesale confectionery of C. W. 
Sanford, of Chicago, and became one of the first 
representatives of Chicago that sold goods 
throughout the South. He placed large amounts 
of goods in the cities of the reconstructed South 
and he also represented the firm in the States 
of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, West Virginia and 
Kentucky. It was while employed as a traveling 
salesman that he made his first trip to Europe 
and so familiarized himself with European lan- 
guages and customs that he was afterward en- 
abled to converse fluently with those of his cus- 
tomers who had been reared on the other side of 
the Atlantic. 

Tempted by an increased salary he next en- 
tered the employ of Thompson, Johnson and Co., 
wholesale grocers on South Water street. He 
represented the house in the West for two years, 
but finding the business uncongenial he re- 

turned to the line in which he had become so 
prominent, and became the Chicago representa- 
tive of Messrs. Greenfield, Young and Co., the 
leading New York confectioners, for whom his 
travels covered the New England, Middle and 
Western States. 

In the fall of 1868 he opened a retail store at 
No. 125 Clark street, Chicago, on his own account, 
it being the first establishment opened in Chi- 
cago introducing high grade confections. 

Mr. Gunther was the first confectioner to man- 
ufacture and introduce the famous caramels as 
now made and sold throughout the United States 
and Europe, a fact in which he takes a justifiable 

The general conflagration of 1871 totally de- 
stroyed his establishment and left him absolutely 
without resources, but with characteristic enter- 
prise he immediately reopened business in a small 
way and soon recuperated his losses, and was re- 
warded with great subsequent success. 

Mr. Gunther has a decided inclination for ad- 
venture and travel, and has visited all the ex- 
positions of note in Europe, and he has traveled 
in every country from the land of the " midnight 
sun" to Constantinople and Damascus; he has 
also journeyed to the Holy Land, through Egypt, 
Syria and the countries lying adjacent to the 
Mediterranean, including Morocco, Algeria, Tri- 
poli, Spain, Portugal, Italy and Turkey. He 
speaks French, German and Spanish fluently, and 
he is perfectly at home in all of the capitals of 

In 1879 Mr. Gunther was one of a commission 
organized to make a tour of Mexico with a view 
to opening trade relations between the two repub- 
lics, that up to that time had been very incon- 
siderable. On that tour, which was one contiual 
ovation, he acquired much useful information. 
The result of the commission's work was to call 
the attention of our merchants to the advantages 
derivable from trade relations with this sister 
republic, which at that time had no railroad con- 
nections with the United States. 

Mr. Gunther has indulged his innate love for 
historical and scientific research to the fullest ex- 
tent, and has secured the finest historical collec- 
tion in the United States. This collection com- 
prises manuscripts of the most ancient writings of 
the world, from the stone rolls of the Assyrian of 


the Babylonian period, and in fact, parchments 
and writings on papyrus from the days of the 
earliest Pharaohs down to modern times. He 
undoubtedly possesses the rarest and finest collec- 
tion of Bibles in the world, including the famous 
Martha Washington Bible, also that of Washing- 
ton's sister Betty, also the first New Testament 
printed in the English language at Worms, Ger- 
many, by Tindal, about 1528, and all of the first 
Bibles printed on the American continent, includ- 
ing the Elliot Indian Bibles, and the first German 
Bible, by Sauer, 1743, and the first American Bible 
by Atkinson, 1782. He also owns historic man- 
uscripts of all nations of many centuries past, in- 
cluding an autograph of Shakespeare and origi- 
nal manuscripts of Goethe, Schiller, Tasso, Michael 
Angelo, Gallileo, Moliere, and many others ; also 
original manuscripts of all the world's famous 
writers, poets, musicians, kings, queens, clergy- 
men and politicians, including the original manu- 
scripts of " Home Sweet Home," " Old Lang 
Syne," " Old Grimes " and " Lead, Kindly Light." 
He also has all the earlist maps of America from 
1507 up, and the first edition of the Cosmographie 
of Martin Waldseemiiller which was the first book 
that gave the name of America to the New 
World ; also a large number of relics of George 
Washington, covering his entire career, as well as 
of Abraham Lincoln, and of all other American 
historical characters. 

His collection also includes the famous portrait 
of Columbus by Sir Antonio Moro, painted about 
1552, from two miniatures then in possession at 
the Palace of Pardos, Spain. Washington Irving 
pronounced this the best and truest likeness of 
Columbus extant, and used an engraved copy of 
it (afterwards destroyed by fire) as a frontispiece 
for his second revised English edition of his 
" Life of Columbus." The collection also con- 
tains six original portraits of Washington, in- 
cluding the first ever made of him, by the elder 
Peale, and the only portrait in existence of Wash- 
ington's sister Betty and her husband. 

One of the greatest attractions that is at 
present on exhibition in Chicago, and one that 
will doubtless excite the interest of the many 
thousands that will visit the Columbian Expo- 
sition, is the War Museum contained in the 
celebrated Libby Prison, that was several years 
ago removed to Chicago from Richmond, Vir- 

ginia. This vast undertaking was successfully 
accomplished by Mr. Gunther, associated with Mr. 
W. H. Gray and other public-spirited men of 
Chicago, and to them Chicago is indebted for the 
finest collection of war relics on the American 
continent. The great collection of interesting 
and historical war relics with which the Libby 
Prison is filled is the private property of Mr. 
Gunther, and is loaned by him to the associa- 

Mr. Gunther is president of The Libby Prison 
War Museum Association, also a prominent mem- 
ber of the Chicago Historical Society, and a 
trustee of the Academy of Science. He is a 
member of the Union League and Iroquois Clubs. 
He became a Master Mason in Peru, 111., in 1860, 
and during his thirty-one years' membership he 
has passed through many degrees, including the 
Knights Templar, Oriental Consistory (thirty- 
second degree) and Sovereign Grand Inspector- 
General of the thirty-third and last degree of the 
Northern Jurisdiction, U. S. A. He is also a 
member of the Mystic Shrine. 

In 1869, he was marrried to Miss Jennie Bur- 
nell, of Lima, Indiana. They have two sons 
Burnell, now a student at Berlin, Germany, and 
Paris, twenty years old ; and Whitman, aged 
eighteen. Mrs. Gunther is a highly educated and 
refined woman, active in charitable and religious 
work. Mr. and Mrs. Gunther are active members 
of Grace Episcopal Church. 

In politics, Mr. Gunther had been for many 
years affiliated with the Republican party, but 
being fully in sympathy with Mr. Cleveland's 
views on the tariff, supported that gentleman for 
the presidency. He believes in " tariff for rev- 
enue only." 

As a business man, Mr. Gunther has been enter- 
prising, energetic and always abreast of the timesj 
and has been rewarded by an ample fortune. His 
business motto has always been, " Not how cheap, 
but how good ? " He undoubtedly has the largest 
retail trade in fine confections of any house in the 
United States, and his store is not surpassed in 
beauty or arrangement by that of any of its kind 
in the world. Mr. Gunther has attained to a 
position of prominence through his own exer- 
tions, and may justly be proud of what he has 
wrought. He is a man of generous impulses and 
gives liberally of his time and money to all worthy 



causes, and in everything that he does tries to 
make the world brighter and better. He is loved 

by his friends and highly esteemed by his fellow- 



A MONGST Chicago's representative men who 
\. have materially aided in the advancement 
and prosperity of the city, few are better known, 
and none are more worthy of a place in this work 
than is the subject of this sketch. 

James D. Marshall was born in Ogdensburg, 
N. Y., October 24, 1824. He is of Scotch de- 
scent, his father coming to this country from 
Paisley, Scotland, in the year 1796. James re- 
ceived the rudiments of education at the public 
schools of his native town. When he became six- 
teen years of age his parents decided to prepare 
him for a professional calling, and accordingly 
sent him to Fort Covington, N. Y., where he pur- 
sued a special academic course of three years, 
graduating at the end of that time. 

He next entered the office of Dr. Pierce at 
Madrid, St. Lawrence county, N. Y., and there 
began the study of medicine. This sedentary life 
did not find favor with one of his active dis- 
position ; relinquishing, therefore, the study of 
medicine, he next entered the employ of Allen 
Lincoln, a tanner, at Fort Covington, N. Y., 
where for the next succeeding two years he occu- 
pied his time in acquiring a thorough knowledge 
of the business. Completing his apprenticeship, 
he shipped for a time as a sailor on the Great 
Lakes in the employ of E. G. Merrick, but subse- 
quently tiring of this life. 

His keen perception enabled him to early fore- 
see the immense possibilities that awaited the City 
of Chicago, and in 1849 ne directed his steps to 
the Garden City, which place was destined to be- 
come the field of his future operations. The sum 
total he possessed was but $40. His capital did 
not, however, consist of money. A plentiful 
supply of brains and a strong determination to 
succeed were the qualifications he possessed. He 
found Jerome Beecher, whom he had formerly 
known in New York, and from him obtained em- 
ployment in the tannery business. His next em- 
ployer was Walter S. Gurney, who afterwards be- 

came Mayor of Chicago. He remained with Mr. 
Gurney until 1853, when he resigned to enter into 
partnership with Wm. L. Gray and Robert B. 
Clark, the latter being a brother of the present 
collector of customs. The firm of Gray, Marshall 
and Co. was then established. They continued in 
business until the death of Mr. Clark, which oc- 
curred in 1864, after which the firm became Gray 
and Marshall. 

They established the first exclusive sole leather 
tannery in the West. The business continued to 
prosper until the fire of 1871, after which Mr. 
Gray withdrew to establish the Hide and Leather 
National Bank of Chicago, of which he is now the 
President. Mr. Marshall then assumed entire 
control of the business. 

During a period of nineteen years of partner- 
ship between Messrs. Gray and Marshall, so har- 
monious did they agree that no dispute or differ- 
ence ever occurred. 

While Mr. Marshall's success and fortune are 
the result of his own sterling integrity, yet he at- 
tributes much of it to the counsel and business 
abilities of his friend and former partner, Mr. 

Under Mr. Marshall's direction, the business 
steadily advanced, until his trade extends (as 
it does to-day) throughout the United States. 
Thus we have practical proof of a man begin- 
ning with $40, overcoming all obstacles and 
emerging from life's stern battle triumphant and 

A remarkable fact in connection with his forty- 
two years' residence in Chicago is during that 
time he has never been confined to his home a 
single hour by sickness or accident. 

In Masonic circles he is well and favorably 
known and is a member of Covenant Lodge, Co- 
rinthian Chapter, and St. Bernard Commandery. 
Ever since his installation he has taken an active 
interest in all things pertaining to the welfare of 
the order. 


In religious faith, a Presbyterian ; for more than 
twenty-five years a member of Dr. Goodwin's 

He has traveled much, as is evidenced from the 
fact that he has visited every city of importance 
in America and Nova Scotia, believing in seeing 
and knowing his native country rather than 
foreign ones. 

In June 24, 1854, he was married to Miss Ade- 
line Barker of Babcock's Grove, Illinois, and was 
called to mourn her loss on the fifth anniversary 
of their marriage. The result of this union was 
one daughter, now married to Mr. Arthur Gray, 
of Chicago. Mr. Marshall did not again marry 
until February, 1861, this time to Mrs. Augusta 
A. Hall of Chicago. 

They have two children, viz., George A., who 
is a prosperous leather merchant on Lake street, 
this city, and who married Miss Dona Wheeler, 
an accomplished young lady of Marshall, Michi- 
gan, and Charles Gray, connected with his father's 
business, both of whom bid fair to follow in the 
honorable paternal footsteps. 

In manner Mr. Marshall is pleasing and courte- 
ous, but of strong determination, withal possess- 
ing a kind, sympathetic disposition. He is a phi- 
lanthropist in the best sense of the word, and one 
of the few who give unostentatiously. A barrel of 
flour or stock of provisions given to some needy 
family is a favorite mode of his bestowing charity. 

He has made an untarnished record and un- 
spotted reputation as a business man; upright, re- 
liable and honorable. In all places and under all 
circumstances he is loyal to truth, honor and 
right, justly valuing his own self-respect as infi- 
nitely more valuable than wealth, fame or posi- 
tion. In those finer traits of character which 
combine to form that which we term friendship, 
which endear and attach man to man in bonds 
which nothing but the stain of dishonor can sever, 
which triumph and shine brightest in the hour of 
adversity in these qualities he is royally en- 
dowed. Few men have more devoted friends 
than he; none excel him in unselfish devotion and 
unswerving fidelity to the worthy recipients of his 
confidence and friendship. 



on March 20, 1817, .in the village of 
Eaton, Ohio, and was the son of Henry T. and 
Hannah Byford. The family is of English ex- 
traction, and has been traced back to Suffolk. 
His father, a mechanic of limited means, to bet- 
ter his condition, removed to the Falls of the 
Ohio River, now New Albany, whence, in 1821, 
he changed his residence to Hindostan, Martin 
county, Indiana, where he suddenly died, leaving 
a widow and three children. William, the eldest, 
in his ninth year, was compelled to give up his 
studies, which he had pursued with signal success 
for three or four years in the neighboring country 
school, in order to help his mother in the support 
of the family. For the next four years he worked 
at whatever he could find to do, and his scant 
earnings often dropped into the lap of his wid- 
owed mother like blessings from above. At the 
end of that time his mother moved to Crawford 
county, Illinois, and joined her father. After 

working two years on his grandfather's farm, the 
condition of the family being somewhat im- 
proved, it was decided that William's wish to learn 
a trade should be gratified. Accordingly, he set 
out on foot for the village of Palestine, several 
miles distant, and on reaching it presented him- 
self at a blacksmith shop and asked the smith if 
he would undertake to teach him how to shoe 
horses and become a skillful worker in iron. The 
blacksmith declined to have anything to do with 
him, and the would-be apprentice continued his 
tramp from one shop to another, with no better 
success, until he finally caught sight of a tailor's 
sign, and concluded to try his luck with the 
clothes-maker. He had no particular fancy for 
this occupation, but he had come to town to 
make all necessary preparations for learning a 
trade, and he was determined not to return home 
before the accomplishment of his purpose. The 
tailor, whom Dr. Byford always mentioned as "a 
kind-hearted, Christian gentleman, by the name of 



Davis," received the young man kindly, and when 
he started home that night it had been agreed 
that he should be received by the tailor's family 
as an apprentice, provided a certain Methodist 
minister in the neighborhood would recommend 
him as "a moral and industrious boy." The rec- 
ommendation secured, he was soon installed as 
an apprentice, and held the position for two years, 
when Mr. Davis removed to Kentucky. During 
the ensuing four years he finished learning his 
trade in the employ of a tailor at Vincennes, 
Indiana. The boy was now twenty years old. 
While serving his apprenticeship he devoted all 
his spare time to study, and day after day, while 
working on a garment, he had concealed some old 
text-book, bought or borrowed, which contributed 
to his stock of knowledge. In this way he mas- 
tered the construction of his native tongue, ac- 
quired some knowledge of the Latin, Greek and 
French languages, and studied with especial care 
physiology, chemistry and natural history. 

About eighteen months before the expirati&n 
of his term of apprenticeship, he determined to 
devote his life to the study and practice of medi- 
cine, and subsequently placed himself under the 
professional guidance of Dr. Joseph Maddox, of 
Vincennes, Indiana. Soon after the expiration of 
his term of apprenticeship, he was examined, 
according to a custom then prevailing in Indiana, 
by three commissioners appointed for the pur- 
pose, who certified that they were satisfied with 
his acquirements and authorized him to engage 
in the practice of medicine. At once he began 
the practice of his profession at Owensville, Gib- 
son county, Indiana. This was on August 8th, 
1838. In 1840 he removed to Mount Vernon, 
Indiana, where he associated himself with Dr. 
Hezekiah Holland, whose daughter he afterwards 
married. He remained in Mount Vernon until 
1850. During this period he attended lectures 
at the Ohio Medical College, in Cincinnati, and 
in 1845 he applied for and received a regular 
graduation and an accredited diploma from that 

In 1847 he performed two Caesarian sections, 
and wrote an excellent account of the operations. 
One of these patients survived the operation for 
some days, but ultimately died from peritonitis, 
presumably due to an error in diet. This was 
followed by contributions to the medical journals 

which attracted the attention of the medical 
community, and gave their author a respectable 
reputation for literary acquirements, intellectual 
penetration and scientific knowledge. 

In October, 1850, he was elected to the chair of 
anatomy in the Evansville Medical College, Indi- 
ana, and two years later he was transferred to the 
chair of theory and practice of medicine, which 
he held until the extinction of the college, in 
1854. During his professorship in Evansville he 
was one of the editors of a medical journal of 
merit. In May, 1857, ne was elected vice-presi- 
dent of the American Medical Association, then 
assembled at Nashville, Tennessee, and in the 
following autumn he was called to the chair of 
obstetrics and diseases of women and children in 
the Rush Medical College, at Chicago, vacated by 
Dr. John Evans, the talented physician and Uni- 
ted States senator from Colorado. This position 
he held for two years, when, together with several 
associates, he aided in the organization of the 
Chicago Medical College. In this institution he 
occupied the chair of obstetrics and diseases of 
women and children, and continued to hold the 
professorship of diseases of women and children 
until 1879, when he was again called to Rush 
Medical College to fill the chair of gynecology, 
especially created for his occupancy. In 1870 he 
became one of the founders of the Woman's 
Medical College, of Chicago. He was made 
president of the faculty, and also of the board of 
trustees, and both of these positions he held up 
to the day of his death. He was prominently 
identified with the organization of the American 
Gynecological Society, having been elected one 
of its first vice-presidents, and its president in 
1 88 1. Dr. Byford was the prime mover in the 
successful organization of the Chicago Gyneco- 
logical Society, and through his personal efforts 
maintained it during its struggling infancy until 
it had attained its high standing in the profes- 

Dr. Byford was married, October 3, 1840, to 
Mary Anne Holland, daughter of Hezekiah Hol- 
land, by whom he had five children, two sons, the 
late Wm. H. Byford, Jr., M. D., and Dr. Henry 
T. Byford, the distinguished gynecologist, of Chi- 
cago, and three daughters, Mrs. Anna Byford 
Leonard, Mrs. Mary B. Schuyler and Mrs. Maud 
B. Van Schaack. Mrs. Byford died in 1864. She 



was a woman of rare Christian piety. In 1873 he 
married Miss Lina W. Flersheim, of Buffalo, N. 
Y., who survives him. The only child of the 
second union died in infancy. 

Dr. Byford won merited fame as a prolific writ- 
er and as an authority in gynecology. Beginning 
with his paper on Caesarian section, published in 
1847, h e h as contributed much of permanent 
value to every phase of the subject. In 1864 he 
published his first book, entitled, " Chronic In- 
flammation and Displacements of the Unim- 
pregnated Uterus," which is also the first medical 
work attributable to a Chicago author; second edi- 
tion, 1871. In 1866 appeared his "Practice of 
Medicine and Surgery Applied to the Diseases 
and Accidents of Woman/' which is extensively 
used as a text-book, and which passed through its 
fourth edition in 1888. " The Philosophy of Do- 
mestic Life" was published in 1869, followed, in 
1872, by his text-book on "Obstetrics," which 
passed through a second edition the following 
year. During a term of years he was associated 
with Dr. N. S. Davis, Sr., in the editorial man- 
agement of the Chicago Medical Journal. Later, 
he became editor-in-chief of the Chicago Medical 
Journal and Examiner, and published under the 
auspices of the Chicago Medical Press Associa- 
tion. There are many measures in practice with 
which his name is intimately connected ; for ex- 
ample, the use of ergot in fibroid tumors of the 
uterus; drainage per rectum of pelvis abscesses 
that have previously discharged into that viscus ; 
abdominal section for extra uterine pregnancy, 
proposed long before the days of Tail ; the sys- 
tematic use of the slippery-elm tent. 

Dr. Byford was richly endowed with an inven- 
tive faculty, which found expression in the inven- 
tion, modification and improvement of many val- 
uable surgical instruments. As a teacher in the 
lecture room, at the bedside or in debate, Dr. 
Byford's utterances were always characterized 
by simplicity, clearness and pertinency. No 
wonder, then, that his clinics were always over- 
crowded with students and practitioners, and 
that his slightest word invariably received a de- 
gree of attention all the more flattering because 

But perhaps it was as a practitioner that he 
achieved the greatest measure of success ; wisdom 
and enormous experience created his vantage- 

ground as a consultant. It will be remembered 
that for more than twenty-five years he was a 
general practitioner, before he devoted himself 
exclusively to gynecology. Even then, the scope 
of his specialty included other organs than the 
womb. Like Trousseau, he was very exact in 
keeping his appointments. Throughout his ca- 
reer he was a rigid adherent to the code of ethics, 
because he believed its precepts both reasonable 
and right. 

It has long been customary to regard compen- 
sation in money as one criterion of success in the 
practice of medicine. Dr. Byford's professional 
income during the last twenty years of his life 
varied from twenty-five thousand to thirty thou- 
sand dollars per annum, and he bequeathed to his 
family, along with the heritage of a spotless name, 
a handsome fortune, well invested. 

He was not an extremist ; he rode no hobbies. 
None the less, his life had certain clearly defined 
and fondly cherished purposes. They were all 
nobly sustained. One of these was the advocacy 
of the medical education of women. In this 
cause he was the pioneer in the West. To it he 
gave freely of his time, of his influence, of his 
wealth. Another was the establishment, in Chi- 
cago, of the Woman's Hospital. To-day this 
institution, with one-third of its beds free, flour- 
ishes a monument to his persistent effort. 

He loved young men ; counsel, encouragement, 
recommendation, money all were freely given, 
as if he were the debtor. Back of all his skill of 
hand and wisdom of professional judgment, there 
was a wonderfully large and generous heart. He 
died May 21, 1890, at the age of seventy-three 
years. For the last three years he showed symp- 
toms of heart disease that culminated in a fatal 
attack of angina pectoris. 

He continued in active practice and in full pos- 
session of all his faculties to the end. On the 
Saturday preceding his death he performed ab- 
dominal section for the removal of the append- 
ages, on account of fibroid tumors of the uterus, 
and on Tuesday, the day of his fatal illness, he 
attended to his usual professional duties. Among 
the people of the city of Chicago, of the State of 
Illinois, and, indeed, of the whole Northwest, the 
name of Byford has been a household word for 
more than a quarter of a century. By the mem- 
bers of his profession he was as universally be- 



loved for personal (qualities as he was esteemed 
for professional eminence. 

ican Journal of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women 
and Children, Vol. XXIII, No. 6, 1890, and was 

[The above, with the exception of the para- written by Dr. W. W. Jaggard, an accomplished 
graph referring to Dr. Byford's inventions in and successful physician and obstetrician, of 
surgical instruments, is copied from the Amer- Chicago.] 



LZ. LEITER was born in 1834, of well-to- 
do, Calvinistic Dutch parents, in the town 
of Leitersburg, Washington county, Maryland, 
founded by his ancestors. Here he received a 
good education, and afterwards spent several 
years in a country store, that universal educator 
of so many of our prominent men. When eight- 
een years of age he became dissatisfied with his 
quiet surroundings, and determined to seek a 
wider field for the exercise of his energies. 

In 1853 he turned his face westward, first stop- 
ping at Springfield, Ohio, where he entered the 
store of Peter Murray, a prominent merchant, 
and remained one year. This place not furnish- 
ing the desired field, he pushed on to Chicago, 
arriving there in the summer of 1854. Here he 
entered the employment of Messrs. Downs & 
Van Wyck, where he remained until January, 
1856, when he entered the wholesale house of 
Messrs. Cooley, Wadsworth & Co., in which he 
continued, through its various changes, until Jan- 
uary ist, 1865, when, with Marshall Field, who 
entered the house at the same time, and who, with 
young Leiter, had secured an interest in the busi- 
ness, in consideration of their valuable services, 
on January 1st, 1865, sold their interest to John 
V. Farwell, and purchased a controlling interest 
in the business of Potter Palmer, which was con- 
tinued for two years as Field, Palmer & Leiter, 
and then as Field, Leiter & Co., until January ist, 
1 88 1. By the exercise of rare intelligence, based 
upon the soundest principles, the business was 
rapidly increased until it occupied the leading 
position in the country. 

On January ist, 1881, Mr. Leiter, having large 
real estate and other interests, and longing for 
freedom from the daily duties of an exacting 
business, sold his interest to his partners, that he 
might devote more of his time to his family, to 

travel and to his choice library, which is one of 
the best private collections in the United States. 

Mr. Leiter has never sought nor held a public 
office, but from boyhood he has been a diligent 
student of politics in its highest sense, and no one 
has a wider range of intelligence concerning the 
principles of our government and of legislation 
which would affect the welfare and industries of 
our country. 

For many years Mr. Leiter was a director of 
the Chicago Relief and Aid Society, and gave 
much time and patient study to the wise distribu- 
tion of charity; and not only in this enterprise, 
but in all intelligently directed charities, he has 
been an honest worker and a liberal contributor 
when he could be convinced that money and time 
would produce more good than harm. The Amer- 
ican Sunday School Union has always been one 
of his favored instrumentalities of good to his 
fellow-man. With a keen insight into the spring 
which lies behind human action, he has never 
courted popularity, but preferred at all times, in 
speech and action, to do his whole duty to his 
fellow-man and the community in which he lived. 

In the rebuilding of Chicago, since the fire of 
1871, Mr. Leiter has been one of the most pro- 
gressive and important of its citizens. He has 
erected many handsome orifice and store blocks 
in the business district, and is still engaged in 
extensive building operations, one of them being 
the magnificent structure on State street between 
Van Buren and Congress streets. 

Of temperate habits and strong physique, with 
great powers of application and endurance, Mr. 
Leiter, in his active business career, confined him- 
self so closely to his business that he was enabled 
to turn off a quantity of work which would have 
killed any ordinary man. 

In all which goes to advance the social and 



educational, as well as the business interests of 
Chicago, Mr. Leiter has been a moving spirit. 
His great means, as well as his keen business 
sagacity, have been enlisted in many worthy enter- 
prises. He was the first president of the Com- 
mercial Club, and is now a leading member of the 
Iroquois, the Chicago, the Calumet, the Union, 
the Washington Park and the Union League 
Clubs. Mr. Leiter took an active interest in the 
reorganization of the Chicago Historical Society 
after the great fire, and contributed liberally to its 
building fund, and for the purchase of books. 
The debt which had hampered the Society was 
also lifted by the co-operation of Mr. Leiter with 
Profs. Mark Skinner, E. H. Sheldon, D. K. Pear- 
son, S. M. Nickerson, Thos. Hoyne and others, 
and the Society placed upon a sound basis. Mr. 
Leiter was also the president of the Chicago Art 
Institute in 1885, succeeding Mr. George Armour, 

who was its first executive. For many years, in 
fact ever since its organization, Mr. Leiter has 
been a heavy stockholder in the Illinois Trust and 
Savings Bank, and is now one of the directors of 
that institution. 

After the great fire of 1871, when everyone 
was damaged by loss of insurance capital, Mr. 
Leiter was instrumental in inducing the Liver- 
pool, London and Globe Insurance Company to 
re-establish its agency here, and also to make this 
one of its departments, thus giving confidence to 
other reliable companies to re-establish their busi- 
ness here, and enable business men to protect 
themselves against the hazard of fire. Mr. Lei- 
ter's great aim has been to be a model citizen, 
and not to accumulate great wealth, believing, 
with Goldsmith : 

" 111 fares the land, to hastening ills a prey, 
Where wealth accumulates and men decay." 



at Unadilla Forks, Otsego county, N. Y., 
October n, 1814. His parents were Isaiah and 
Keturah (Palmer) Hilliard. His father, whose 
ancestors were among the early settlers of Con- 
necticut, was left an orphan in early boyhood, 
and soon entered on a somewhat adventurous 
career as a " sailor-boy," first in the cabin and 
finally as a fully-equipped se'aman. With other 
sailors he paid his twenty-five cents to inspect 
Robert Fulton's original little steamer and joined 
in predicting the results wise and otherwise. His 
"protection paper," No. 3,123, U. S. A., to insure 
against seizure and impressment by the British on 
the high seas, is in the possession of Edward P. Hil- 
liard, of Chicago. Upon attaining his majority, 
he left New York City and invested his savings 
in unimproved land near Unadilla Forks, where 
he soon afterward married Miss Keturah, daugh- 
ter of his neighbor, Jonathan Palmer. Mr. Pal- 
mer also was of New England ancestry, which is 
traced to Walter Palmer, who came to America 
in 1629, from Nottinghamshire, England. He 
built the first dwelling in Charlestown, Mass. In 
1653 he moved to Stonington, Conn., where he 

died in 1661, and was buried at Wequetsquock 
Cove. In 1 88 1 a reunion of the Palmer family was 
held at Stonington, and nearly two thousand of 
the descendants were present. At that gathering 
the origin of the family name was traced to the 
Crusades. Many pilgrims to the tomb of Christ, 
from the days of Peter the Hermit to the close 
of the fourteenth century, on their return, wore 
palm-leaves in their hats or carried staves from 
palm branches. Hence, it is said, they were 
called "palm-bearers" or " palm-ers." In Spen- 
cer's Fairie Queene and in Shakespeare these allu- 
sions to the palmers are found. Jonathan Palmer 
was of the sixth generation from Walter, which 
places our subject, Laurin Palmer Hilliard, in the 

Our subject's boyhood was spent on his father's 
farm. He was educated in the public schools 
and at Hamilton College. When about eighteen 
years of age he entered the store of Charles 
Walker, at Burlington Flats, near his native 
place, receiving no salary for the first year and 
fifty dollars for the second. His success led to a 
partnership in a new establishment at Unadilla 
Forks. While there, Mr. Walker's brother took 







a stock of goods to Chicago, and the good report 
of the venture then impressed Mr. Milliard with 
the advantages of that place. He closed out his 
business and, with a few hundred dollars, started 
West, via canal boat, stage and steamer, from 
Utica to Buffalo, Dunkirk and Detroit, and 
reached Chicago in the spring of 1836. His first 
night was spent at a log tavern on the west side, 
but he afterward stayed at the "Green Tree Ho- 
tel." He visited various towns in Illinois and 
Wisconsin, and on invitation of an old friend, 
who was interested in projecting a town at Mani- 
towoc River, he joined the equipped party on 
the schooner " Wisconsin," and was present at 
the time the original town site of Manitowoc 
was laid out. 

Returning to Chicago, he started a little store, 
taking produce in exchange for goods. He re- 
turned to the East in the fall ,of 1836, and a 
brother-in-law of Mr. Walker, his former partner, 
took charge of the store, and shipped East the 
country produce one of the earliest ventures in 
Chicago's great specialty. The following spring, 
Mr. Hilliard returned to Chicago. He entered, 
first, the employment of Peter Cohn, an old 
French trader, then with his successors, Taylor, 
Breese & Co. He was afterwards with Clifford S. 
Phillips, a leading merchant. During the sum- 
mer of 1837 he made a trip on horseback into 
Wisconsin to report on lands to Eastern inves- 
tors. He found the town site of Madison with 
few finished improvements, aside from a log 
boarding-house, and wild game about the four 
lakes made it a " hunter's paradise." 

After being several years in charge mainly of 
Mr. Phillips' large business, he again joined his 
former partner, Mr. Walker, who had begun mer- 
chandising in Chicago. Money was still scarce, 
but the business prospered and increased by the 
exchange of goods for country produce, which 
was shipped east. The firm also started ship- 
building, first buying a disabled schooner, which 
they repaired and christened the " C. Walker." 
They next, as part owners, built the " Independ- 
ence," said to be the first propeller constructed 
on Lake Michigan. Her first trip was made in 
March to Green Bay, whither she went after ice, 
the winter having been an open one. While 
there, cold weather gave Chicago plenty of ice, 
and the propeller was frozen in and loaded with 

ice cut to give her a channel for the return trip. 
The fair schooner, " Maria Hilliard," also was 
built by the firm. Mr. Hilliard afterward suc- 
ceeded to the business, and continued both 
branches until 1849, when his store, at the corner 
of Lake and Franklin streets, was burned. The 
following year he organized the firm of Hilliard 
and Howard, and occupied yards in the lumber 
business where James H. Walker and Co.'s whole- 
sale house now stands. With the exception of a 
few years in public office, he continued in the 
lumber trade until 1873. The financial disasters, 
then general, forced a suspension of trade. For- 
tunately, he had invested in a large tract of land 
twelve miles south of Chicago, and having wisely 
planned for railroad connection with his farm, he 
removed his family thither, when his city resi- 
dence was destroyed in the great fire of 1871. 
By concerted action with other property-owners, 
their efforts resulted in the suburban villages of 
Washington Heights, Longwood, Beverly Hills, 
etc., all now within the city limits. So the city 
went out to Mr. Hilliard's home, absorbed his 
" farm," and is giving him increasing wealth and 
comfort to crown his long and useful career. 

Mr. Hilliard was virtually a "charter member" 
of the Republican party, and was conscientiously 
active for its success against the aggressions of 
slavery. In 1861 he was elected clerk of Cook 
County Court, and served the four years' term with 
great acceptance. He, with other patriotic citizens, 
issued the first call for a public meeting, in 1861, 
to aid the government in suppressing the great 
rebellion, and served on the financial committee 
then appointed. 

In 1848, he was active in securing the organi- 
zation of the Chicago Board of Trade, and when 
accomplished, in April, he was made a member of 
the first board of directors, and in 1853 was 
chosen secretary and treasurer of the institution. 
In those days, the Board had neither the fascina- 
tion nor wealth of to-day, and it is said that to 
secure even a respectable attendance the secre- 
tary was accustomed to set out, at noon, a lunch- 
eon of cracke'rs and cheese. Mr. Hilliard was 
also a director for several years of the Chamber 
of Commerce, and identified with many other 
important public enterprises. He was general 
agent of the Northern Pacific Railroad Com- 
pany, when Mr. C. B. Wright was president, 



and Mr. H. E. Sargent general manager, and 
did much to send emigration into the Red River 

In religious faith, he has been a consistent 
Episcopalian, and in 1844 he, with about twenty 
old settlers, organized Trinity Episcopal Church. 
He became a member of the board of trustees, 
was also vestryman and warden, and active for its 
prosperity until his change of residence necessita- 
ted change in his church relations. 

He was initiated into the Oriental Lodge of 
Masons in 1845. He long held its offices, became 
an honorary life member in 1874, and is now its 
senior member. He was made a Knight Templar 

in 1854, and has taken thirty-two of the consistory 

In 1843, he married Mrs. Maria E. Beaubien. 
She was the daughter of John K. Boyer, who was 
widely known in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illinois 
as a public works contractor. He settled in Chi- 
cago in 1833. His son, Dr. Valentine A. Boyer, 
began the practice of medicine in the city that 
year, and was the oldest resident physician when 
he died, in 1890. Two sons cheer the advanced 
years of Mr. and Mrs. Hilliard. Edward P. is a 
resident of Chicago, and succeeds to the real 
estate business of his father. William P. has 
made a home at St. Paul, Minnesota. 



July 31, 1851, in Salem, Columbiana county, 
Ohio. His parents were Jacob S. and Mary Ann 
(Sonedecker) Thoman, both of whom were na- 
tives of the Buckeye State, and of Swiss line- 
age. The paternal ancestors immigrated to the 
United States about 1680 and settled in Mary- 
land and Pennsylvania, and the maternal in 
1690, settling in Virginia. His progenitors were 
of robust physique, healthy and strong, and en- 
dowed with great mental force. The family 
were always noted for their devout and pure 
Christian lives. His mother was a daughter of 
Rev. Henry Sonedecker, a minister of the Ger- 
man Reformed Church, a man of great learning 
and a profound thinker and able preacher, who 
was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, 
in 1792, and was a pioneer in church work at 
Wooster, Wayne county, Ohio. He died in 1851 
at North Lima, Ohio. Our subject's mother 
was born at Wooster in 1824. She is a woman 
of strong Christian character, and devoted to 
her children, home and church. Since the death 
of her husband, which occurred in 1878, she has 
made her home with her son, the subject of this 
sketch. His father was born in 1817, and had a 
fair education, and was a great reader, with broad 
and liberal views. From his fifth to his sixteenth 
year Leroy lived on a farm. He received a 
common school education, and also pursued an 

academic course of two years at South Whitley, 
Indiana. He applied himself diligently to his 
studies, and began teaching school at the age of 
sixteen, and was principal of the public schools 
at Piper City, Illinois, for nearly three years. He 
improved his spare time in the study of the law, 
and in 1872, at the age of twenty-one, was ad- 
mitted to the bar at Columbia City, Indiana. 
Immediately after his admission he was ap- 
pointed deputy prosecuting attorney for the 
Ninth Judicial District of Indiana. He resigned 
this office in February, 1873, an< ^ removed to 
Youngstown, Ohio, and engaged in the practice 
of law until 1875, when he was elected judge of 
the Probate Court of Mahoning county, and was 
re-elected in 1878. Judge Thoman, from 1875 
to 1883, was actively identified with the Demo- 
cratic party of Ohio and was a member of the 
State Executive Committee for several years. 
He was chairman of the Democratic State con- 
vention in 1880, and the same year was the candi- 
date of his party for Congress, but was defeated 
in the election by the Honorable William McKin- 
ley, Jr., the present Governor of Ohio. He was 
heartily supported before the Democratic State 
convention for Governor in 1881. He was ap- 
pointed in February, 1883, by President Arthur 
as the Democratic member of the United States 
Civil Service Commission under the Pendleton law, 
and served in that capacity for some three years, 

W.,tr!l B.ojl Pill 




and then resigned. He removed to Chicago in 
the spring of 1888, and has since been engaged 
in the practice of his profession. 

Judge Thoman was a member of the Executive 
Committee having in charge the securing of the 
World's Columbian Exposition for Chicago, and 
was largely instrumental in securing the Ohio 
Congressional vote. As a public speaker Judge 
Thoman has a national reputation. He delivered 
the annual address before the literary societies of 
Oberlin College in 1888, and was one of the judges 
of the literary and oratorical contest of Washing- 
ton and Jefferson College in 1887. In Chicago 
he has frequently spoken at banquets, and is a 
popular post-prandial speaker. The most notable 
of his Chicago speeches were those at the Doug- 
las banquet given by the Iroquois Club, April 23, 
1888, his subject being "Progressive Politics;" 
that at Farwell Hall on April 30, 1889, his sub- 
ject being " The beginning of the Second Cen- 
tury of Constitutional Government ;" that at the 
Union League Club banquet on the evening of 
April 30, 1889, his subject being "Thomas Jeffer- 
son," and at the Sunset Club in March, 1891, on 
" Municipal Civil Service Reform." In the in- 
terest of the Columbian Exposition he spoke at 
Atlanta, Chattanooga, Fort Worth, Dallas, Little 
Rock, and other places, and was invited to speak 
at the Delmonico dinner, December 21, 1891. He 
presided at the historic banquet given to the 
National Commission of the World's Columbian 
Exposition, at the Palmer House, June 26, 1890. 

In his religious belief he is a Presbyterian. 

Judge Thoman has always been a Democrat, 
but fearless and independent in party action. 

He has been twice married. His first wife was 
Mary E. Cripps, of Youngstown, Ohio, to whom 
he was married in March, 1876. Mrs. Thoman 
died in December of the same year. His second 
wife is the daughter of Hon. James M. Smith, of 
Lebanon, Ohio, judge of the Circuit Court, First 
District, whom he married February 25, 1892. 

Judge Thoman is prominent in Masonic circles, 
being a Knight Templar and Scottish Rite Mason 
of the thirty-second degree, and also a Noble of 
the Mystic Shrine. He is a member of the 
Union League, the Chicago Athletic and the 
North Shore clubs. He is president of the States 
Columbian Association and also president of the 
Ohio Society of Chicago. 

Judge Thoman is the attorney for several im- 
portant corporations. He is lecturer on Private 
International Law in the law department of the 
Northwestern University. He is also a member 
of the Committee on Law Reform of the World's 
Congress. As a lawyer he is noted for his care, 
skill and faithfulness to his clients. As a public 
speaker, his clear voice, distinct articulation, well- 
chosen language and evident sincerity render him 
a popular and successful advocate. He devotes 
himself almost exclusively to his profession, and 
while his comprehensive and well-trained mind 
and large experience and knowledge of men fit 
him for doing any work ably, it is as an advocate 
that he is most conspicuous, his appeals to court 
and jury often being masterpieces of oratory. 



THE subject of this sketch is a prominent 
member of the Chicago bar. He has great 
versatility of talent. Exactness and thorough- 
ness characterize all of his attainments. With a 
multiplicity of learning everything is brought to 
bear on his life-work as a lawyer. Vigilant, zeal- 
ous and industrious, how could he be otherwise 
than successful? 

James Frake was born in the town of Lough- 
borough, Leicestershire England, March 20, 1841, 
and is the son of George Frake, who immigrated 

to America in 1844, and settled at Wheeling, 
Cook county, Illinois. His decease occurred on 
his farm in the month of March, 1846. The 
mother of our subject afterward married Mr. 
John Henley, a farmer of Northfield, Illinois, 
with whom James lived until he was eighteen 
years old. He then determined to have an edu- 
cation and with no other resources than his own 
energy and fortitude he started out to prepare 
the way for his future life. He entered the pre- 
paratory school connected with the Northwestern 



University at Evanston, and during his academic 
career supported himself ; and so resolute was he 
in his purposes that he reduced his expenses to 
the lowest possible figure by boarding himself, 
and on graduation day in July, 1866, he was at 
the head of his class and carried off the highest 
honors, and that too, although during nearly all 
the time he was at school he suffered from ill 
health, which did not improve until several years 
after he entered upon the practice of his chosen 

After graduation he taught school one year and 
then went abroad. Upon his return he attended 
the Chicago Law School, from which he was grad- 
uated in 1869. In May of that year he was ad- 
mitted to the Illinois bar by the Supreme Court, 
and since then has steadfastly and conscientiously 
devoted himself to his profession. Beginning with 
nothing he has accumulated a handsome property, 
and now enjoys a large and lucrative practice. 

In June, 1874, Mr. Frake was elected a mem- 
ber of the board of Trustees of the Northwestern 
University, and still holds that position. He 
was chosen secretary of the joint board of man- 

agement of the Union College of Law, which he 
held several years. In January, 1879, he was ap- 
pointed a member of the Chicago board of educa- 
tion, being called upon to fill the unexpired term 
of Mr. Joseph S. Dennis, resigned. 

Mr. Frake has been twice married. First in 
1 869 to Miss Melinda Doty, of Frankport, Will 
county, Illinois. She died in 1873, and he after- 
wards married Evelyn M. Allen, of Elk Grove, 
Illinois, daughter of Mr. John Allen, Sr. They 
have one son and one daughter living. 

Mr. Frake is a member of the Centenary Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. 

He has a mind subtle and refined, and inclined 
to be judicial in its nature ; capable of hearing 
both sides of a question and drawing correct con- 
clusions. He is remarkable for clearness, and 
although possessing a vivid imagination he is in- 
clined to be practical, logical and consistent. 
These qualifications have been for a long time 
recognized by the members of the bar and many 
others, and Mr. Frake has been mentioned as an 
available man for one of the judgeships of Cook 



THE life-history of him whose name heads 
this sketch most happily illustrates what 
may be attained by faithful and continued effort 
in carrying out an honest purpose. It is the 
story of a life whose success is measured by its 
usefulness a life that has made the world 
brighter and better. 

Daniel K. Pearsons is a native of the Green 
Mountain State, and was born at Bradford on 
April 14, 1820, the son of John and Hannah 
(Putnam) Pearsons. His father was a farmer by 
occupation, and settled in Vermont more than a 
century ago. His mother belonged to the Israel 
Putnam family, her father, John Putnam, having 
been a soldier in the Revolutionary War. She 
was a woman of marked New England character- 
istics, and the mother of nine children. She lived 
to an advanced age, and recounted with pleasur- 
able pride the scenes of her early life, when she 
spun the yarn and wove the cloth to clothe her 

entire family. She died at Holyoke, Massachu- 
setts, at the age of ninety-three years. Daniel 
received the rudiments of his education in the 
common schools. From his sixteenth to his 
twenty-first year he taught school during the win- 
ter months and then pursued a course of studies 
at Woodstock and at Dartmouth Medical College. 
After his graduation, he remained a short time in 
Vermont, and then established himself in his pro- 
fession at Chicopee, a thrifty manufacturing town 
near Springfield, Massachusetts. He met with 
gratifying success in his practice, but was not sat- 
isfied, his ambitions and aspirations leading him 
to desire and seek a broader field for the exercise 
of his powers. 

Farm life always had for him a peculiar attrac- 
tion, that even the success of latter years in other 
lines of business has not lessened. In 1857 he 
closed his practice at Chicopee, and removing 
to Ogle County, Illinois, settled on a farm. Here, 




' M 



however, his active mind was not at rest. Destiny 
had marked out for him a wider and more active 
field of labor, and it was not long before he was 
established in Chicago in the real estate trade. 
He sold lands for the Illinois Central Railroad 
Company, the Sturges estate, Mr. Michael Sulli- 
van, the farmer-king, and others, his sales in Illi- 
nois alone amounting to over one million acres. 
Through these transactions he made a wide 
acquaintance throughout the West, so that when, 
in 1860, he turned his attention principally to 
loaning money for moneyed men upon farm lands, 
he had a large patronage, which constantly in- 
creased, and for twelve years he loaned an average 
of more than one million dollars annually. The 
business was not only remunerative to him, 
but this vast sum of money being distributed 
throughout the farming community was of incal- 
culable benefit in developing the country, and 
such were his business methods that the interests 
of both lender and borrower were conserved, and 
their universal confidence maintained. Mr. Pear- 
sons had made profitable investments from time to 
time, and his private interests had so increased 
that they required his undivided attention, and in 
1877 he ceased loaning money for other capital- 
ists and devoted himself to his own matters. 

He has been a large stockholder and director of 
the Chicago City Railway Company, the American 
Exchange National Bank and other financial in- 
stitutions of Chicago, but his favorite investments 
have been in real property. He purchased large 
tracts of timber lands in Michigan, which yielded 
him great profits. 

Ever since he settled in Chicago Mr. Pearsons 
has taken an active interest in whatever pertained 
to her material prosperity and good name, and 
when called to fill positions of trust, has con- 
scientiously and intelligently performed his duties, 
honoring those whom he represented, benefit- 
ing the public and doing credit to himself. 
He has twice represented the First Ward of Chi- 
cago in the Common Council, being elected on 
both occasions on a non-partisan ticket. The 
value of his services as chairman of the finance 
committee in that body cannot be overestimated. 
The financial condition of the city was deplorable. 
Owing to extravagance an indebtedness largely in 
excess of the constitutional limit had been in- 
curred. To meet the deficiency the city had is- 

sued certificates of indebtedness whose legality 
was disputed in the courts. Eastern capitalists 
had invested largely in these certificates, and were 
alarmed at the situation. Financial disaster was 
spreading all over the country, and capital, which 
had become solicitous for its securities, was averse 
to almost every proffer of new investment. Chi- 
cago would soon need more money. Her finan- 
cial standing must be maintained. Conscious of 
the need of speedy and decisive action, Mr. Pear- 
sons was commissioned to visit the East, and soon 
appeared among the bankers of New York City. 
Some of them knew him personally or by reputa- 
tion, and those who did not were soon made 
acquainted with the object of his coming. His 
earnest, business-like, straightforward manner won 
their confidence and allayed their fears. He had 
come officially, as a member of his city's Com- 
mon Council, and privately as a capitalist and 
man of honor, to assure them that Chicago 
would pay her debts. He pledged his word of 
honor and that of his city that whoever might be 
in power, however courts might decide, and what- 
ever financial crisis might come, Chicago would 
redeem her pledges and pay her certificates of 
indebtedness, principal and interest, promptly on 
time. They believed in him, and were inspired 
with new faith in the city he represented. Their 
confidence was not misplaced ; his word was sa- 
credly kept. His predictions were fully verified, 
and when, a little later, more ready money was 
needed, he was again commissioned to secure it, 
and with little difficulty raised among local capi- 
talists half a million dollars. This achievment is 
all the more remarkable in view of the fact that 
in the meantime the courts had decided that the 
much-discussed certificates were practically value- 
less illegal promises to pay, which the city might 
repudiate at will, but which she never did. The 
result of these negotiations was to establish the 
financial standing of Chicago, and such was the 
public appreciation of the services of the man 
who accomplished it, that upon Mr. Pearsons' 
voluntary retirement from the Common Council 
two years later, a committee of citizens waited 
upon him, and in a series of handsomely engrossed 
resolutions, testified their own and their city's 
high regard for his effective work in this and 
other public matters, and stating, among other 
things, that he had fulfilled the duties of his 



office " with the approval and plaudits of his en- 
tire constituency, regardless of party affiliations." 

About the time of his retirement from political 
life, Mr. Pearsons withdrew from his more ardu- 
ous business enterprises and resigned several of 
his corporation directorships, although retaining 
his monetary interests in them. With a view of 
getting his property in' such shape that he could 
enjoy the comforts of life unhampered by con- 
stantly pressing business cares, he began buying 
and improving choice residence property, princi- 
pally in the north division of Chicago. He soon 
had in his possession about one hundred fine 
houses and flats, and from which he derives a 
large income. 

Mr. Pearsons has been an extensive traveler, 
both in his own and in foreign lands. He has 
visited Europe three times, and but recently 
(1890) returned from Egypt. 

Great as has been Mr. Pearsons' success as a 
business man and financier, and valuable as have 
been his public services, that which most distin- 
guishes him and in which he takes the greatest 
satisfaction and pride, is his system of practical 
philanthropy. To him, money is valueless ex- 
cept as it is put to some good use, and he has 
most wisely decided to be the almoner of his own 
bounty. To attempt to enumerate all who have 
been the objects of his benevolence were a hope- 
less task. Their name is legion. But without 
making mention of his hearty responses to the 
calls of men and women in need, it may be 
stated that his public gifts during the last ten 
years have amounted to one million dollars. His 
favorite method of giving to public institutions 
is to base his gift on the condition that another 
sum be raised, which condition has, in every in- 
stance, been met. He has given to Beloit Col- 
lege, Wisconsin, in buildings and endowment, two 
hundred thousand dollars; to Lake Forest Uni- 
versity, one hundred thousand dollars ; to Knox 
College, Galesburg, 111., fifty thousand dollars ; to 
Chicago Theological Seminary, one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars ; to the Presbyterian Semi- 
nary, of Chicago, fifty thousand dollars; to the 
Young Men's Christian Association, thirty thou- 
sand dollars; to the Women's Board of Foreign 
Missions, twenty thousand dollars; to the Pres- 
byterian Hospital, sixty thousand dollars ; to 
Yankton College, Dakota, fifty thousand dollars, 

besides other donations to various religious, edu- 
cational, benevolent and charitable objects and 
uses, amounting, in the aggregate, to two hun- 
dred and fifty thousand dollars. His method of 
conditioning his gifts to educational institutions, 
upon the raising of an equal or larger amount, 
has resulted in endowing them with many hun- 
dred thousand dollars which else they might 
never have received. 

He has a practical sympathy for worthy young 
men and women who are striving to get an edu- 
cation, and specifies in his gifts to colleges that 
one-half shall be placed in the hands of trustees, 
and the income loaned to needy students at a 
moderate rate of interest, principal and interest 
to be repaid when the borrower is able. The 
wisdom of this system of giving is apparent, 
when one considers that in this way worthy 
young men are enabled to become beneficiaries, 
without weakening their manhood or lessening 
their self-respect. 

Mr. Pearsons is a man of strong and marked 
personality, deliberate in his judgments, firm in 
his convictions and resolute in his determinations. 
Physically, he is well preserved, and though sev- 
enty-two years of age, he has the appearance of 
being much younger. Erect in form, he walks 
with a steady step, and in all his bearing carries 
himself as a man conscious of the dignity and 
nobility and worth of true manhood. Yet he is 
a modest man, and in all his benevolent work he 
has, as far as possible, avoided publicity, finding 
satisfaction in the consciousness of having used 
his money and talents in doing good, rather than 
in the plaudits of his fellow-men. 

Since taking up his abode in Chicago, Mr. Pear- 
sons has been a firm believer in her destined 
greatness and in the growing importance of the 
West. Yet he has never ceased to remember, 
with admiration and affectionate regard, the State 
of his nativity. He was one of the organizers of 
the Society of the Sons of Vermont, and one of 
its early presidents, and from its founding has 
been active in promoting its interests. 

Mr. Pearsons was married, in August, 1847, to 
Miss Marietta Chapin, whose family is well known 
in Western Massachusetts. Mrs. Pearsons is a 
woman of the true New England type, and she 
enters heartily into her husband's methods and 
plans of benevolent work, and throughout lite 



has been to him a true helpmeet. She presides 
with womanly grace over their elegant and happy 
home, at Hinsdale, one of Chicago's most roman- 
tic suburbs, and here Mr. Pearsons, in the society 
of his wife and intimate friends, finds his highest 
social enjoyment. He has never belonged to a 
club or secret society. 

Such is an outline of his life, and while it may 

not disclose all that has contributed to his re- 
markable success, one who reads it must be im- 
pressed with the fact that a genius for hard work 
has been no small factor. His life has been 
manly ; his actions sincere ; his manner unaffected, 
and his speech from the heart. In a word, it has 
been a life full of good work, and furnishes an 
example most worthy of emulation. 



HARLES H. FOSTER was born at Roch- 
ester, New York, on April 14, 1835. Dur- 
ing his boyhood he attended the Wadsworth 
School and Dewey's High School in his native 
city, and at the age of seventeen years went to 
Albany, New York, where he became agent of 
the Mercantile Line of Canal Boats, running be- 
tween Albany and Rochester, New York. Al- 
though but a youth he discharged the duties of 
the position with ability, and retained it for 
three years. In 1854 he went to New York 
City, and for one year was engaged in the for- 
warding business on his own account, his busi- 
ness consisting of transporting coal and lumber 
from New York and Philadelphia for the Roch- 
ester market. Closing out his business in the 
summer of 1855, he removed to Chicago and 
took a position with the Galena & Chicago 
Union Railroad Company, his first work being 
checking goods in the freight department of 
that road. He was check and bill clerk in the 
local freight office for about eighteen months, 
and in January, 1857, was made assistant cashier 
in the same office, in 1858 was chief clerk in the 
general freight office, and in 1859 chief clerk in 
the general ticket office, and from January, 1860, 
to January II, 1863, was general bookkeeper in 
the secretary's office, and he continued with the 
Galena & Chicago Union Company until the 
spring of 1863. During the years 1863 and 1864 
he was employed as chief clerk in the office of 
Mr. Samuel T. Atwater, agent of the Buffalo 
Mutual Insurance Company. 

January u, 1865, Mr. Foster was tendered the 
position of general accountant under Mr. W. M. 
Larrabec, secretary and treasurer of the Chicago & 

Alton Railroad Company, with whom he had been 
associated while in the employ of the Galena & 
Chicago Union Railroad Company. The tender 
of the position was a worthy recognition of Mr. 
Foster's eminent fitness and ability. He gladly 
accepted it, and until May, 1879, was subordinate 
to Mr. Larrabee. 

For some time prior to this Mr. Larrabee's 
health had been failing and the duties of his office 
had fallen upon Mr. Foster, his chief clerk, who 
was made treasurer pro tempore at that time. 
His health continuing to fail, Mr. Larrabee was 
compelled to resign his office and Mr. Foster was 
elected secretary and treasurer in his stead, and 
has continued to fill those offices with marked 
success until the present time (1892). Mr. Foster 
is also secretary of the Joliet & Chicago Railroad 
Company, secretary and treasurer of the Missis- 
sippi River Bridge Company, and secretary and 
treasurer of the Louisiana & Missouri River 
Railroad Company, all of which corporations 
are auxiliaries of the Chicago & Alton Rail- 

Mr. Foster was married in Chicago, on Decem- 
ber 11, 1864, to Miss Caroline Van Inwagen, a 
daughter of Anthony Van Inwagen, who was 
formerly engaged in the forwarding commission 
business at Chicago. Mrs. Foster died on No- 
vember 7, 1884, leaving three children, viz.: Ger- 
trude, wife of Waite Bliven ; Harry C., receiv- 
ing teller of the Illinois Trust and Savings 
Bank, and Eugene, who was born on November 
5, 1884. Mr. Foster's parents were William C. 
and Permelia (Wilson) Foster. His father was a 
prominent miller and forwarding merchant at 
Rochester, New York. He died on November 



25, 1880, honored and esteemed by all who knew 
him. His mother died on June 6, 1887. 

Mr. Foster's progress has been a steady growth 
along the line of honest, persistent effort. He is 

his associates and esteemed by all for his genuine 
worth. His name is a familiar one in railway cir- 
cles, and everywhere is a synonym for faithful- 
ness, ability, integrity, trustworthiness and manly 

a man whose record is clean and who is prized by virtue. 



PROMINENT among the energetic, far-seeing 
and successful business men of Chicago, is 
the subject of this sketch. After a varied expe- 
rience in the East, he made Chicago his home 
when about thirty years of age, and has resided 
there continuously since. 

Mr. Chumasero was born in Rochester, New 
York, on September 30, 1839, anc ^ comes of excel- 
lent parentage. His father, Hon. John C. Chu- 
masero, was a resident of Rochester, New York, 
more than forty years, and during that time was 
judge for many years and was very prominent in 
political matters. He was chairman of the com- 
mittee for raising troops, and president of the 
American National League in 1862, and was instru- 
mental in preventing trouble several times during 
the critical period of drafting. The Chumasero 
family trace their origin as far back as the Span- 
ish Inquisition, when they emigrated to Holland. 
His mother was Emily Root Tryon, of Connecti- 
cut. Her family trace their ancestry in this coun- 
try back to the year 1652, and were previously of 
aristocratic English lineage. Thomas Tryon was 
the first Governor of New York, and another 
member of the family was Governor of North 
Carolina in 1765. Other instances might be cited, 
but it is sufficient to say the Tryon family have 
an excellent record. 

Under the watchful care of his parents, young 
Chumasero received his education first in the 
public schools until he was twelve years old and 
then for the next four years under a private tutor. 
During his early years he proved himself a talent- 
ed, industrious and methodical student, and was 
highly successful for a boy of his age. When six- 
teen years old he was placed in the office of his 
uncle, E. N. Buell, to learn business forms and 
methods. He was very successful, and for two 
years had charge of the books of the firm. After 

leaving his uncle he conducted a manufacturing 
business for himself with good results, but at the 
commencement of the War of the Rebellion he 
sold out and entered the service of his country. 
The Governor of New York commissioned him ad- 
jutant of the One Hundred and Eighth New York 
Regiment, which was commanded by Colonel Oli- 
ver H. Palmer, well known in later years as presi- 
dent of the Western Union Telegraph Company. 
Before going to the front with his regiment he was 
made recruiting officer for his district, and mus- 
tered several regiments into the service, paying 
them the bounty of fifty dollars per man, which 
amounted to several hundred thousand dollars. 
The young adjutant participated with his regiment 
in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam, 
where he proved himself a brave soldier and a 
good disciplinarian. His arduous duties and the 
exposure to which he was subjected at this time 
brought on an attack of typhoid fever, and the 
best his comrades could do for him was to send 
him on horseback from Harper's Ferry to a sick 
camp at Arlington. The results of this journey 
and the delay of proper treatment rendered his 
case hopeless ; the doctors gave him up, and for 
weeks he lay at the point of death. His consti- 
tution, however, was strong and sound, and he 
pulled through, contrary to expectation, but was 
so emaciated that he weighed only ninety pounds. 
The results of this illness he felt for years after. 
At this time he received his discharge from his 
regiment and went home to his family, where for 
two years, notwithstanding their great care and 
kindness, he remained an invalid. The first em- 
ployment in which he engaged after his illness was 
in the New York custom house, in charge of the 
claim desk, an office to which he was appointed by 
Collector Hiram Barney, and which he filled with 
satisfaction for two years. Resigning his posi- 





tion, he went into the office of a Wall street 
broker, but his health failed and he returned to 
his home in Rochester, where he soon grew strong 
again. In 1868 his business instinct led him to 
Chicago, which was then the growing city of the 
West. Although without friends or prospects in 
his new home, he was convinced that energy and 
ability would be recognized and rewarded. His.first 
position was with Messrs. Day, Allen and Co., then 
the largest wholesale grocers in Chicago, as book- 
keeper and cashier. After the fire of 1871 the 
firm was dissolved and the partners retired from 
business. His next position was as assistant cash- 
ier with the firm of Messrs. J. V. Farwell and Co. 
He entered on the duties of this position in Decem- 
ber, 1871. Six months later he was appointed 
assistant to Mr. Simeon Farwell, who had charge 
of the credits and finances of the firm, and whose 
illness soon afterward threw the whole responsi- 
bility of that department on Mr. Chumasero. In 
1879 ne became a partner in the business, and in 
1880, when the business was incorporated, he 
was chosen secretary, and has had for the past 
nine years the entire management of the credits 
and finances of the concern. 

Quiet and unassuming in manner, reserved but 
agreeable in conversation, precise, accurate and 

methodical in business, Mr. Chumasero stands very 
high among the business men of this country. 
Thoroughly honorable in his treatment of others 
and of irreproachable integrity, he is a leader 
among leading business men. 

Mr. Chumasero was married in 1863 to Eva C. 
Young, daughter of Mr. Benjamin T. Young, of 
Brooklyn. They have two children, Kenneth P. 
and Emily C. For a number of years Mrs. 
Chumasero has been an invalid, and her daugh- 
ter, an accomplished young lady, has acted the 
hostess, presiding over the home with ease, grace 
and dignity. To surround his wife and children 
with every comfort and luxury has been the great- 
est pleasure of Mr. Chumasero's life. In social 
circles Mr. Chumasero is very popular. He was 
one of the first members of the Union League, 
Chicago, Washington Park, Calumet and Chicago 
Athletic clubs. He is a vestryman of Trinity 
Episcopal church, and president of the Illinois 
Industrial School for boys, and a member of 
Custer Post, G. A. R., and a director in the Atlas 
National bank. 

Mr. Chumasero is a man of extensive reading 
and culture and his literary taste has been culti- 
vated and improved by extensive travel both in 
this country and in Europe. 



WARREN G. PURDY is a native of Balti- 
more, Maryland. He was born on May 
20, 1843, to John H. and Louisa A. Purdy. From 
his early boyhood he attended the public schools 
of his native city, graduating from the High 
School, now known as the Baltimore City College, 
in 1859. The same year, when but sixteen years 
of age, he removed to Chicago and took a position 
as clerk in the storeroom of the Illinois Central 
Railroad shops. He resigned his position in the 
early part of 1863 to accept a position with the 
Ohio & Mississippi Railroad Company at St. 
Louis, Missouri. A year later he returned to 
Chicago and became connected with the Quarter- 
master's Department of the U. S. Army, serving 
as Chief Clerk at Camp Douglas and in the city 
until the latter part of 1865, when he was ordered 

to Texas, and served as Chief Clerk of the west- 
ern district of that State, with headquarters at 
Brownsville, until the latter part of that year. In 
January, 1867, he became general bookkeeper for 
the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Com- 
pany, at Chicago. In December, 1867, he was 
promoted to the position of cashier, and ten 
years later, in April, 1877, he became local Treas- 
urer. On June 2, 1885, he was elected Treasurer 
and Secretary of the same company, and in Sep- 
tember, 1887, was elected Vice-President, while 
still retaining the offices of Treasurer and Secre- 

His Masonic record is a history by itself ; he 
became a Mason in Blair Lodge, A. F. and A. M., 
in 1864, and was elected Secretary of the lodge 
the same year. In 1867 was elected First Lieu- 



tenant-Commander of Chicago (afterward Orien- 
tal) Consistory, S. P. R. S., and in 1871 received 
the thirty-third degree of Masonry, being at that 
time probably the youngest thirty-third degree 
Mason in the United States. In 1876 he served 
as Worshipful Master of Landmark Lodge, No. 
422, A. F. and A. M., and subsequently as an offi- 
cer in Fairview Chapter, R. A. M. ; in 1879 he 
was elected Treasurer of Apollo Commandery, 
No. i, Knights Templar, of Chicago, and in 1880 
took an active part in. the triennial conclave of 
that Order held in Chicago. During the conclave 
he was a member of the Executive Committee, 
and also Adjutant-General. Subsequent to this 
conclave, Montjoie (mounted) Commandery, No. 
53, Knights Templar, was organized. Of this 
Commandery Mr. Purdy was one of the charter 
members, and for the first three years was its 
Eminent Commander. In 1885 he was elected 

and commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sec- 
ond Regiment Illinois National Guards, which 
office he held until 1889, when he resigned. 

Politically, Mr. Purdy has been affiliated with 
the Democratic party, although his actions have 
always been independent and not bound by 
party ties. 

On March 13, 1865, he was married to Miss 
Acca L. Colby, of Chicago, by whom he has four 
children, viz.: William A. (at present Paymaster 
of the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway), 
Ella F., Warren, Fred and Bertha A. 

The residence of Mr. Purdy and family is in 
Kenwood, where, in the circle of his fireside, sur- 
rounded by his family, he passes the happiest 
moments of his life. Socially, Mr. Purdy is an 
active member of the Kenwood Social Club, and 
one of the earliest members of the Union League 
Club of Chicago. 



'"T^HERE are few men, whatever be their tal- 
-- ents or profession, whose efforts and achieve- 
ments Chicago watches with more interest than 
she gives to Henry Turman Byford. Nor is this 
interest felt simply because he is the son of a 
great man, but because, by his own worth, he has 
won a place in the hearts of his fellow-citizens. 
The late William H. Byford, M. D., L.L. D., was, 
at the time of his decease, one of Chicago's most 
famous surgeons, and it is by individual endow- 
ment of the highest order that the son is advanc- 
ing to fill the father's place. 

The Byford family came originally to America 
many generations ago, from Suffolk, England. 
The branch of the family in which we are inter- 
ested gradually drifted towards the interior of the 
country, and William H. Byford was born in 
Eaton, Ohio. His wife, Mary Anne Holland, was 
the daughter of Hezekiah Holland, a noted phy- 
sician of Kentucky. Five children were the 
result of this union. Henry T. Byford, who is 
the only surviving son, was born in 1853, in 
Evansville, Indiana. His brother, Dr. William 
H. Byford, Jr., who died in 1883, was, in his 
specialty, the foremost surgeon of Minneapolis. 

Three sisters are referred to in the sketch of Dr. 
W. H. Byford, Sr., found in another part of this 

In the matter of education Dr. Byford has been 
the recipient of superior advantages. The early 
years of his school-life were spent in Chicago, in 
the public schools and in the private academy of 
Dr. Quackenboss. When he was eleven years of 
age he was placed in school in Germany, taking a 
classical course. At the end of three years he was 
graduated, receiving the prize for the best compo- 
sition (German) in the highest class of a high school 
in Berlin. Returning to this city, he spent one 
term in the University of Chicago. In the fall of 
1868 he began a course of very earnest study at 
Willaston Seminary, graduating from the scientific 
department with high honors in 1870. The same 
year he matriculated at the Chicago Medical Col- 
lege, and was graduated in 1873. He was elected 
valedictorian of his class, and in the examinations 
ranked perfect in all branches except one. Extra- 
ordinary as was this record, it was rendered even 
more so by his extreme youth. Dr. Byford, at 
the time of his graduation, was but nineteen 
years of age, and accordingly not entitled to the 



privileges of the diploma for nearly two years to 

While yet a student, he had, by competitive 
examination, secured the position of interne at 
Mercy Hospital. He was, however, obliged by 
the illness of his brother to forego the benefits of 
a full term in this capacity, as well as the pleas- 
ure of attending the graduating exercises of his 
class and of delivering his valedictory address. 
Dr. William H. Byford, Jr., whose later career in 
Minneapolis was at once so brilliant and so 
pathetic, was, at this time, suffering from lung 
trouble, for which he sought relief in southern 
travel. There had always been a very affectionate 
relationship between the brothers, and now that a 
nurse and companion was needed for the elder, it 
was with unhesitating devotion that the younger 
relinquished his studies to accompany him. They 
traveled for some months in the South, spent a 
year in Denver, and our subject returned to 
Chicago in 1874. 

Seventeen years have passed, and to-day Dr. 
Byford stands in the front ranks of his profession. 
Recognized not only as a most skillful practi- 
tioner, but as a man of advanced, original 
thought and wide research, the number of his 
public engagements is limited only by the de- 
mands of an enormous practice. Dr. Byford was 
one of the founders of the Chicago Post-Graduate 
School, in which, from its inception, he has occu- 
pied the chair of Gynaecology. He is Clinical 
Professor of Gynaecology in the Woman's Medical 
College ; Gynaecologist to St. Luke's Hospital and 
Surgeon to the Woman's Hospital ; formerly 
Curator of the Museum, and Lecturer on diseases 
of children in the Chicago Medical College, as 
well as Lecturer on obstetrics in Rush Medical 
College. He has been obliged to resign both of 
these trusts owing to the pressure of private 
work. As a clinical lecturer, Dr. Byford has won 
well-merited reputation reports of his lectures 
being solicited by the leading medical periodicals 
of the country. His contributions to medical 
journals are numerous, and are characterized by 
their original matter and practical interest, some 
of them having been published in Europe. He 
was co-editor with his father, the late Dr. William 
H. Byford, Sr., of the last edition of " Byford's 
Diseases of Women." He is a charter member 
and ex-nre.iident o.f the Chicago Gynaecological 

Society, active member of the American Gynae- 
cological Society, of the Chicago Medical Society, 
the Chicago Medico-Legal Society, the Illinois 
State Medical Society and the American Medical 

Dr. Byford has twice visited Europe, first in 
1865-68, and again in 1879-80. He has made an 
exhaustive study of nervous diseases, in connec- 
tion with gynaecological practice, in the hospi- 
tals of London, Edinburgh, Heidelberg and 

Not satisfied with the fulfillment of the many 
duties which come to him in the regular practice 
of his profession, Dr. Byford has added to it 
another and a very valuable and important form 
of activity, which has gained him imperishable 
renown that of invention. He has invented 
numerous new methods of operation, many of 
which are associated in medical literature with his 
name. Thus he was the first to advise and per- 
form operations for shortening the sacro-uterine 
ligaments for retroversion of the uterus ; inguinal 
suspension of the bladder for cystocele ; vaginal 
fixation of the stump in abdominal hysterot- 
omy; bilateral denudations for anterior colpocele 
and cystocele ; subcutaneous perinaeotomy, etc. 
He has also brought to its present state of perfec- 
tion the operations called vaginal oophorectomy 
and vaginal ovariotomy, having reported, in 1890, 
eighteen operations without a death. We have 
further evidence of his originality and ingenuity 
as an inventor in a multitude of instruments de- 
vised by him, the most important of which are 
his broad ligament forceps for the removal of the 
uterus through the vagina, his hysterotomy 
clamp forceps, trocar for vaginal ovariotomy, 
probe-pointed fascia scissors, perinaeotomy tene- 
tome, uterine elevator, improved needle forceps, 
retroversion pessary, uterine hook, uterine cu- 
rettes, various forms of haemostatic forceps for 
use in vaginal section, etc., etc. " He possesses'* 
(quoting the words of one eminently qualified to 
speak with authority on the subject), " a degree of 
mechanical ability not often found among those 
who have chosen to follow the practice of medi- 
cine as a profession. He may justly be proud as 
the author of a large list of surgical instruments 
that have not only been an assistance to his fel- 
low-practitioners, but a great benefit to the public 
as well." And further : " We feel safe in saying 



that but few men engaged in the practice of any 
trade or profession, in this or any other age, 
have obeyed the dictates of conscience or felt the 
weight of their duties and responsibilities more 
fully than has Dr. Henry T. Byford." 

He is a Republican, though not a politician, 
subordinating everything to his chosen work. He 
is a member of the Methodist church, and has, 
throughout his life, been strongly influenced by 
the teachings of his mother, a woman of deep 
religious sensibilities. 

Dr. Byford is a man of fine physical propor- 
tions, a thorough athlete and a great pedestrian. 
He has explored on foot the Hartz Mountains, 
the English lake country, Northern Wales, the 
Black Forest of Germany and the mountains of 
Switzerland, as well as the mountain regions of 
his own country. 

From early youth Dr. Byford has evinced great 
artistic ability. He spent some time, during his 
residence at Paris, in the famous Julien studio, 
doing good work in drawing and crayon. It is, 
however, as a water-color artist that he excels. 

Blessed in so many ways, it only needs the 

addition of a happy home to make his life com- 
plete, and this is not denied him. Mrs. Byford, 
whose maiden name was Miss Lucy Lamed, is the 
daughter of Frederick Sylvester Lamed, who was 
Assistant Paymaster-General of the United States 
Army during the late civil war. Colonel Larned, 
who was a graduate of West Point, is an accom- 
plished linguist, a man of superior education, and 
has traveled twice around the world. Mrs. Byford 
is a lady of most admirable and pleasing qualities. 
She is domestic in her tastes, a devoted mother, 
and to her husband a great source of cheer and 
inspiration in his work. Amiable, talented and 
exceedingly winning and gracious in her manner, 
she is very popular in social circles, and is the 
ruling spirit in the cordial influence that pervades 
her home. Their four children are : Miss Gene- 
vieve Larned Byford, a very graceful and attrac- 
tive girl and a musician of rare gifts ; Mary Lina 
Byford, aged six years. Heath, a little boy, aged 
four, who bears a marked resemblance to his 
distinguished grandfather, the late Dr. William 
H. Byford, and William Holland Byford, born 
March 5, 1891, at Chicago. 



THE distinguished honor of laying the foun- 
dations, in Chicago, of the great work of the 
Presbyterian Church, belongs to the subject of 
this sketch. As a missionary of the American 
Home Missionary Society (now Congregational), 
he was sent in 1831 to Fort Brady, at Sault Ste. 
Marie, Mich. Thence with the troops under Major 
John Fowle he reached old Fort Dearborn May 
!3> '833. The next Sabbath (ipth), he preached 
in the carpenter's shop at the Fort, from John xv, 
8. In the afternoon, at "Father Walker's" log 
house, west side, near the forks of the river. In 
the evening (six o'clock), held a prayer meeting in 
the Fort. Of that day's early morning experience, 
his journal says: "The first dreadful spectacle 
that met my eyes on going to church was a group 
of Indians sitting on the ground before a miser- 
able French dramhouse playing cards, and as 
many trifling white men standing around to wit- 
ness the game." 

June 26, 1833, Mr. Porter organized the First 
Presbyterian Church, with twenty-seven members. 
Seventeen of them had come with him from his 
Fort Brady church and nine were citizens of the 
little village of Chicago. Most remarkable is the 
fact that all of these charter members were Con- 
gregationalists, except Philo Carpenter, and sub- 
sequently he became a leading Congregationalist, 
whose devotion and beneficence are honored in 
Carpenter Hall and Chapel of the Congregational 
Seminary, Union Park. Among the Congrega- 
tional successors to Dr. Porter in the First Presby- 
terian pastorate were the sainted Flavel Bascom, 
D. D., for ten years, and the present gifted pastor, 
Rev. J. H. Barrows, D. D., whose biography ap- 
pears in this volume. 

Rev. Dr. Porter was born in 1804, in Hadley, 
Mass. Samuel Porter had settled in Hadley in 
1639, and the house he built is still owned by 
his descendants. Samuel Porter of a subsequent 




generation and grandfather of Jeremiah, married 
Susanna Edwards, daughter of the eminent theo- 
logian, President Jonathan Edwards. Jeremiah's 
father was Dr. William Porter, who served in the 
army of the United States as surgeon during the 
war of 1812, and died in Hadley at the age of 
eighty-four. The mother of Jeremiah was Char- 
lotte, daughter of the Hon. William Williams, of 
Hatfield, Mass. Of twelve children, Jeremiah was 
the youngest of the six who reached their major- 
ity. His preparatory education was at Hopkins 
Academy under Rev. Dr. Dan. Huntington, father 
of Bishop F. D. Huntington (N. Y.), and in the 
family of Rev. Alvan Hyde, D. D., at Lee, Mass. 
At seventeen he entered Williams College (Mass.), 
and graduated at the age of twenty-one. The 
same year, 1825, he entered the Theological Sem- 
inary at Andover, Mass. Though undecided as to 
his future calling, he completed two years of 
study, then remained with his father until the 
spring of 1828, when, through the advice of Presi- 
dent Griffin, of Williams College, he became prin- 
cipal of the Monitorial High School in Troy, N. Y. 
After two successful' years he accompanied the 
late Henry A. Boardman, D. D., of Philadelphia, 
to Princeton Theological Seminary and graduated 
in 1831. During the previous spring he had been 
licensed to preach by the Hampshire (Mass.) Con- 
gregational Association, and was ordained after 
his graduation by the same body. By direction 
of Rev. Dr. Absalom Peters, Secretary of the 
American Home Missionary Society (N.Y.), he left 
at once for Sault Ste. Marie. By stage to Albany, 
thence by the new New York & Erie Canal stop- 
ping over for the Sabbath with a brother at Au- 
burn he reached Buffalo, having 3,000 people. 
By steamer to Cleveland and Detroit, he found 
passage from the latter to Mackinac on the last 
schooner which made the trip that fall. 

At Mackinac he was welcomed to hospitable 
entertainment in the Christian family of Robert 
Stuart, of the Astor Fur Co. He preached one 
evening at Rev. Wm. M. Ferry's church. Novem- 
ber 24, Thanksgiving Day, a small ba-rk canoe 
arrived from the Sault with orders " not to return 
without Mr. Porter." Three French voyagers 
manned it. With the United States mail, last for 
the season, a mess basket from his hostess, and a 
negro bound for Fort Brady, they set out at once. 
Forty-five miles along the lake shore and forty-five 

up St. Mary's river, camping by night on shore, 
once in snow, were accomplished on the fourth 
day, breaking the ice to land. Mr. Porter was wel- 
comed to the beautiful home of Mr. Schoolcraft, 
the United States Indian Agent. Sunday, De- 
cember^ 1831, Mr. Porter preached in the school- 
room of Rev. Mr. Bingham's Baptist Mission to 
the Indians. Soon a store was fitted up for serv- 
ices, and a Presbyterian Church formed with 
seven members three men. The two ministers 
heartily co-operated. A revival followed, and 
all the officers and their wives, except a lieu- 
tenant and wife, expressed conversion to Christ 
before spring, and the membership of the new 
church was increased to thirty-three. The next 
year, 1833, these troops were ordered to Fort 
Dearborn, and Mr. Schoolcraft transferred to 
Mackinac. Finding his church broken up, the 
shepherd would not leave his flock; and so May 
4, 1833, embarked with Major Fowle and his 
command. Passing a day at Mackinac, they pro- 
ceeded along the west shore of Lake Michigan. 
No sign of human habitation was seen except 
the Indian trader's, Juneau, with his squaw wife, 
at Milwaukee River. May n, the schooner an- 
chored near the mouth of the Chicago River 
nearly a mile south of the present channel. Being 
too rough to land, it was May 13 when the ship's 
longboat was rowed into and up the river and 
around to the junction of the North and South 
branches. At Wattles tavern Mr. Porter met 
leading men of the 300 people in the village, and 
was invited by P. F. W. Peck to take quarters in 
the unfinished loft of his two-story store, south- 
west corner of La Salle and South Water streets. 
His organization of the First Presbyterian 
Church has been stated. He remained pastor un- 
til the autumn of 1835, when the membership was 
109. The previous spring he was the first dele- 
gate from the Ottawa Presbytery to the General 
Assembly. At the close of its sessions, in Pitts- 
burg, Pa., Mr. Porter went to Rochester, N. Y., 
and married Miss Eliza Chappel, late from Fort 
Dearborn. They visited his parents in Massa- 
chusetts, then went to Chicago, and in Septem-' 
ber removed to the Main-Street Church in Peoria. 
Two years later, Mr. Porter preached the opening 
sermon Anti-Slavery before the Synod of Illi- 
nois, at Springfield. Though threatened by a 
pro-slavery mob, he and others rode horseback to 



Alton and held a convention in support of the 
famous Lovejoy, for the freedom of the slave and 
of the press. A few days after they left, Lovejoy 
was murdered. 

From Peoria to Farmington, early in 1838, 
thence to Green Bay, Wis., in 1840, he continued 
in happy and successful pastorates until 1858. 
That year he attended the General Assembly at 
Chicago, and accepted the pastorate of the Ed- 
wards Congregational Church returning to his 
own denomination after 27 years of frontier serv- 
ice with Presbyterian Churches. In 1859 he de- 
picted the " First twenty-five years of Chicago," 
in a lecture before the Historical Society. 

In March, 1861, Mr. Porter began his most 
memorable, self-denying, laborious and fruitful 
army chaplaincy its hardships and loving labors 
shared largely by his heroic and efficient wife. 
He was chaplain of the " First Illinois Light 
Artillery," in which his son, James W., and a 
nephew had enlisted. At Cairo, Mrs. Porter 
joined her husband in administering to the sick 
and wounded from the battles of Forts Donelson 
and Henry, Pittsburg Landing and Shiloh. 
Thence followed to Paducah, Corinth and Mem- 
phis. A " convalescent camp " at Memphis was 
fruitful in desired religious interest in winter and 
spring of 1863. The first school for freedmen 
was established there by them. Dr. Edmund 
Andrews, surgeon of the " First Illinois Light 
Artillery," endorsed the effort. At Vicksburg, 
Mr. Porter was installed chaplain in the city hos- 
pital and preached in the Presbyterian Church 
until the spring of 1864. Thence he followed 
Gen. Sherman toward Atlanta. Mrs. Porter had 
preceded him with sanitary stores. From Kene- 
saw Mountain, both went with the wounded to 
Marietta, Ga., remaining until after the fall of 
Atlanta, where his own son, James W., now in 
Chicago, did valiant service. After returning to 
Chicago for a respite, Chaplain and Mrs. Porter 
went to Washington in the winter of 1864-5, and 
interceded with President Lincoln for the return 
North of the sick and wounded soldiers in South- 
ern hospitals. They bore testimonials from 
" Confederates " of their kindness to the enemy. 
Sailing from New York, they reached Savannah 
ten days after its capture by Gen. Sherman. 
Thence, by water, with their colonel, now Gen. J. 
D. Webster, to Wilmington, N. C., and joined 

Gen. Sherman's army at Goldsborough. At the 
surrender of Lee they were both attending the 
sick in a hospital at Newbern. Returning via 
Norfolk, Alexandria and Washington, they fol- 
lowed Gen. Logan's corps to Louisville, Ky. 
Thence the chaplain was honorably mustered out 
at Springfield, July 31, 1865. 

In the autumn they were both sent by the San- 
itary and Christian Commissions with stores to 
three regiments on the Rio Grande, watching the 
French movements under Maximilian. After 
perils by sea, the ladies being carried ashore on 
the backs of sailors at Bagdad, Mexico, they 
finally reached Brownsville, Texas. They went 
into camp at the " Soldiers' hospital." Besides 
their sanitary work, Mr. Porter preached, and 
Mrs. Porter, with Miss Lizzie Garey, of Galesburg, 
taught the colored soldiers and opened the " Rio 
Grande Seminary" for boys and girls. The spring 
of 1866 closed the field work of the Commissions, 
and so brought Mr. and Mrs. Porter back to 
Chicago, and a reception was given them at the 
Sherman House. 

After visits and labors at Green Bay and Prairie 
du Chien, Mr. Porter accepted an invitation to 
return to Brownsville, Texas, in 1868, to succeed 
Rev. Hiram Chamberlain, deceased, in 1867, and 
rebuild the church demolished by a tornado. The 
new brick church was dedicated in 1869. In 1870 
he was appointed Post Chaplain, U. S. A., and 
assigned to Fort Brown. He also organized a 
church of colored people and preached to them. 
Mrs. Porter resumed her teaching until Texas 
public schoqls were organized. Chaplain Porter 
was changed to Fort Sill, I. T., in 1873, and to 
Fort D. A. Russell, Wy., in i876. After four 
years more of active service he was given leave 
of absence until retired, June 30, 1882. Fourteen 
months of this time were spent in California to see 
their son, Rev. Henry D. Porter, M. D., depart as 
a missionary to China, and in doing good Chris- 
tian work at Santa Barbara and Sonoma. They 
were present at the semi-centennial anniversary of 
the First Presbyterian Church, Chicago, which 
they both helped to organize in 1833. They have 
since resided with their children in Detroit and 

After much suffering, in great patience, Mrs. 
Porter died in Santa Barbara, January I, 1888. 
Dr. Porter still enjoys a good old age at Beloit, 



Wis., with his daughter, Mary H. Porter, who was 
for eighteen years a missionary in China. Uni- 
versally esteemed, he is held in high honor for 

he received the degree of D. D. from Williams 
College, Mass. 

Of nine children, four survive James W., of 

his spotless character, Christian works and faith- Chicago ; Edwards W., of Detroit, Mich.; Rev. 

ful stewardship. None deserve higher reward. 
In acknowledgement of his wisdom and worth 

Henry D., M. D. and D. D., N. China ; and Miss 
Mary H. Porter, Beloit, Wis. 



THERE are perhaps few among those who 
were at one time prominent and respected 
citizens of Chicago whose memory is more re- 
spected, and whose genuine worth more widely 
recognized, than that of the late Mark Kimball. 
He was born at Pembroke (now Darien), Genesee 
county, New York, May 5, 1821, the son of John 
and Ruth (Buckman) Kimball. Reared on his 
father's homestead, his early life was occupied by 
attendance at the district schools and farm work. 

When he was thirteen years old, in June, 1834, 
the family started for the West, overland, with 
two teams and covered wagons. At Buffalo they 
placed all on board a boat for Detroit, whence 
they proceeded again overland, camping at night 
on the prairie, and soon reached Door Prairie, 
Indiana, where they remained six weeks. Re- 
suming their journey, they crossed the deep river 
to Yankee Settlement and Joliet, and thence to 
Bristol, on the Fox River. Remaining there a 
week, they returned to Naperville then in Cook 
county and here Mr. Kimball's father bought the 
farm where the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad now crosses Du Page River. Here 
young Kimball attended school and worked on 
the farm. In 1836 he engaged in the grocery bus- 
iness with his brother, John J. Kimball, and sub- 
sequently went into business at Naperville, and 
made several investments in real estate. 

In 1839 ne became a clerk at the Illinois Ex- 
change hotel, Chicago. A year later he entered 
the employ of Botsford & Beers, hardware mer- 
chants. In 1847 he established a general store at 
Naperville, placing his brother John J. in charge 
of it, but disposed of it two years later. In 1852 
he became financially interested in the wholesale 
hardware business of Mr. Botsford, before referred 
to, the firm being known as J. K. Botsford & Co. 

In 1863 Mr. Kimball was elected one of the 
directors of the Mutual Security Insurance Com- 
pany, and afte/ward became its secretary. 

In 1865 he retired from the firm, then known 
as Botsford, Kimball & Co. In February of that 
year he became one of the incorporators of the 
Old Ladies' (now known as the Old People's) 
Home of Chicago. One of the original members 
of the Calumet Club, he remained a member up 
to the time of his death, although not a club man 
in any sense of the word. 

In 1866 he organized and became president of 
the Citizens' Insurance Company, of Chicago, of 
which he was manager one year, but finding that 
it did not pay over ten per cent on the capital in- 
vested he closed out the company and repaid the 
stockholders the amount of their stock with a 
dividend of ten per cent thereon. 

In 1867, Mr. Kimball with A. G. Burley and 
Samuel Brown were appointed trustees of Oriental 
Lodge No. 33, A. F. & A. M., which office he re- 
tained until 1872. 

After-the fire of 1871 he was elected assignee 
in bankruptcy of the Mutual Security Insurance 
Company. Subsequently he settled the affairs of 
a number of mercantile and banking institutions. 

In July, 1876, Mr. Kimball was a candidate for 
the mayoralty of Chicago, but was defeated by a 
small majority by the Honorable Monroe Heath. 
His modesty was such that he repeatedly refused 
to allow himself to become a candidate for any 
political office, and it was wholly against his 
wishes that he was nominated for the mayoralty. 

About that time he served two terms as col- 
lector of the town of South Chicago. His bond 
for the second term was for nearly $14,000,000, 
and was signed by all the then leading capital- 
ists and merchants of Chicago. He, with Mr. 



Robert T. Lincoln and others, were the first to 
insist that the law requiring town collectors to 
turn the surplus of the two-per-cent commission 
on collections above $1,500 over to the town board 
should be enforced. 

In 1879, ne - with Messrs. Enos Ayres and John 
G. Shortall were appointed appraisers of school 
lands. He was a shrewd business man, and his 
investments, especially those in real estate, were 
successful. He held on to those which were good 
and made an early disposal of those which were of 
questionable soundness. Thus he sustained but 
few losses and acquired considerable wealth. 

On February 20, 1848, he married Miss Eliza- 
beth Judson, daughter of the Rev..Philo Judson 
(who performed the marriage ceremony in the 
Clark Street Methodist Episcopal Church). Mrs. 
Kimball, his son, Eugene S. Kimball, and his 
daughter, Mrs. Helen M. Galloway, survive him. 

In matters of religion Mr. Kimball held liberal 
views, and was a regular attendant upon the serv- 

ices at the Central Church under the charge of 
Prof. David Swing. 

In politics he was a Democrat, though in no 
sense a politician. 

His death occurred in this city on the 2gth day 
of May, 1891. At the funeral, attended as it was 
by a large circle of his friends and acquaintances, 
members of his family as had always been a 
family custom acted as pall-bearers, while Prof. 
Swing officiated. 

His life was an example of the power of patient 
purpose, resolute working and steadfast integrity. 
His success in life was the natural result of his 
own persevering energy, indomitable courage and 
genuine worth. In his character he combined 
qualities of mind and heart that rendered him de- 
servedly popular, and secured to him the warm 
friendship of all who enjoyed his acquaintance. 

By his death the city of Chicago lost one of its 
most prominent and respected citizens, a man be- 
loved and esteemed by all who knew him. 



CALVIN DEWOLF was born February 18, 
V_x 1815, at Braintrim, Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania, being the oldest son, who survived in- 
fancy, of a family of thirteen children. His 
father, Giles M. De Wolf, was born in Pomfret, 
Connecticut, in 1782. His grandfather was also a 
native of the same town. The ancestors of this 
family of De Wolfs came from Holland and settled 
in Lyme, Connecticut, about 1650, but were 
originally Huguenots from France, and were 
driven to Holland by religious persecution. His 
mother, Anna Spaulding, was born in Cavendish, 
Vermont, in 1786, and was a descendant of Ed- 
ward Spaulding, who settled in Chelmsford, Massa- 
chusetts, about the year 1633. The De Wolf 
family removed to Vermont in 1817, but returned 
after a few years to Braintrim, in 1821, and in 
1824 settled in Pike, Bradford County, Pennsyl- 
vania. Here a home was " cleared " in the 
" beech woods," and support secured. Calvin 
worked on the farm, and made muscle, if not 
money, in removing the timber from the soil. 
He improved such opportunities for study as he 

had, with three months of winter school each year 
during his minority. His father and a private 
tutor had aided him to considerable proficiency 
in Latin, the higher mathematics and surveying. 
He had taught school previous to 1836, when he 
went to the Grand River Institute, a manual 
labor school in Ashtabula county, Ohio. For 
one and a half years he sustained himself well in 
his studies, and in securing a livelihood. Then, 
by taking charge of a shipment of fruit, he 
"worked his way" to his future home. 

On the 3 ist of October, 1837, he reached 
Chicago, with no capital except his own brain 
and brawn, and no friend in the city. After 
unsuccessful efforts, traveling as far as the Fox 
River on foot, he finally secured employment as 
teacher at Hadley, Will county, Illinois, having 
only a "York shilling" left for pressing needs. 
He returned to Chicago in the spring of 1838, 
and took a hand at various occupations before 
getting an opening to study law with Messrs. 
Spring & Goodrich. Two years more were 
spent in teaching during his law studies before 






his admission to the bar in 1843. His close 
attention to duties for eleven years gave him a 
successful practice and plenty of friends. 

In 1854 Mr. De Wolf was elected justice of 
the peace, and for a quarter of a century, by 
re-elections and appointment, administered that 
office with marked ability. Over ninety thou- 
sand cases came before him for decision. Some 
of these became of great interest and importance 
through appeal to the higher courts. One be- 
came of national repute, being carried to the 
Supreme Court of the United States. "Judge" 
De Wolf's warrant took into custody a slave- 
hunter, S. F. Nuckolls, and meanwhile "Eliza'' 
escaped. In 1856 he was elected alderman and 
made chairman of the committee which revised 
the city ordinances. He was alderman also from 
1866 to 1868, and had a large share in improving 
the city government. He was twice a member of 
the Board of Supervisors of Cook county. From 
early manhood he was a zealous and consistent 
Abolitionist ; was secretary of the first society 
formed in Chicago by that body of philanthro- 
pists. The Rev. Flavel Bascom, D. D., of hal- 
lowed memory, was president. He was also one 
of the founders of the Western Citizen, estab- 
lished by the State society as an anti-slavery 

In 1860 Mr. De Wolf, for his action as magis- 
trate already noted, was indicted by the United 
States District Court for " aiding a negro slave, 
called Eliza, to escape from her master, one Ste- 
phen S. Nuckolls, of Nebraska.' 1 A part of one 
of the counts of the indictment is inserted here, 
as a relic of Charles Sumner's " barbarism " 
inflicted on young Chicago, to wit : 

The grand jurors of the United States of America chosen, 
selected and sworn, and charged to enquire of crimes and 
offenses within and for the Northern District of Illinois, upon 
their oaths present : That heretofore, to wit, on the first 
day of September, A. D. 1858, a certain negro female slave 
called Eliza, a person lawfully held to service or labor in the 
Territory of Nebraska, being the property of one Stephen F. 
Nuckolls, of the said Territory of Nebraska, the person to 
whom such service or labor was then due, did escape into 
Illinois, and was pursued, claimed, seized and arrested by the 
said Nuckolls, and said slave was lawfully under the control 
of said Nuckolls, etc., and that one Calvin De Wolf, late of 
said district, together with divers ; to wit, one hundred other 
persons to the jurors aforesaid as yet unknown and with force 
and arms unlawfully, knowingly and willingly did rescue the 
said negro slave Eliza, etc., he, the said Calvin De Wolf then 
and there well knowing, etc. (the alleged facts as set forth), 

and against the peace and dignity of the United States of 
America and of the people thereof. 

(Signed) H. S. FITCH, 

U. S. District Attorney. 
(Endorsed) "A TRUE BILL." 

(Signed) W. L. NEWBERRY, Foreman. 
Filed November igth, 1860. 

(Signed) W. H. BRADLEY, Clerk. 

As a matter of fact, Mr. De Wolf states that he 
was not present at the time Eliza was rescued ; 
but the grand jury, knowing his sentiments, 
found the indictment on general principles. They 
knew that he was an uncompromising Abolitionist 
and had the will to do the act. He was held to 
bail with five or six others in the sum of twenty- 
five hundred dollars each. He filed a motion to 
quash the indictment, on the ground that slavery 
did not exist in Nebraska. The South, and pro- 
slavery Northerners, claimed that the repeal of 
the Missouri Compromise carried slavery into all 
the Territories by virtue of the Federal Constitu- 
tion. The motion never reached a hearing. The 
case never reached a trial, but was dismissed in 
December, 1861, by E. C. Lamed, U. S. District 

When Eliza was taken from her master, the 
police interfered and took both to the " lock-up " 
for disturbance of the peace. While Nuckolls 
was in the "lock-up" Mr. De Wolf issued a war- 
rant, on the affidavit of George Anderson, against 
Nuckolls for an attempt to kidnap. The war- 
rant was never served, and Mr. De Wolf never 
saw Nuckolls or Eliza. 

In 1879, after closing his long service as justice 
of the peace, Mr. De Wolf resumed the practice 
of law, and has continued in professional work, 
but spends most of his time in the management 
of his private business. 

In June, 1841, he married Frances Kimball, of 
Chicago, a native of Preston, Connecticut. Five 
children were born to them Ellen L., now Mrs. 
R. B. Bell, of Normalville, Cook county, Illinois; 
Anna Spaulding, who went in 1877 to New 
Orleans as a missionary teacher of _the colored 
children, and died at Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, 
in September, 1878; Mary Frances, now Mrs. 
Milo G. Kellogg, of Chicago ; Wallace L., now 
secretary of the Metropolitan Investment Com- 
pany of Chicago, and dealing in real estate, and 
Alice, who married Mr. L. D. Kneeland, and 
died in March, 1882, at Kokomo, Colorado. 



Mr. De Wolf and wife are members of the 
Sixth Presbyterian Church of Chicago. For 
some years, as an elder, he has nobly rounded 
out a Christian life, beginning actively with his 

early years. Now in the ripeness of his wisdom, 
and in affluence, he enjoys the confidence and 
high regard of all with whom he has business or 
social relations. 



MR. WILLARD graduated from the Union 
College of Law in 1865; was soon after 
admitted to the bar and is now in the twenty- 
sixth year of a continuous practice in Chicago. 
At the present time he is attorney for the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad Company and its two Chicago 
connections known as the "Fort Wayne" and 
"Pan Handle" lines. Also for the New York, 
Lake Erie and Western and the Northern Pacific 
Railroad companies and the American and Red 
Star steamship lines. In 1870 he was appointed 
attorney for the North Chicago Rolling-Mill 
Company, and local attorney for the Chicago and 
North-Western Railway Company, holding the 
latter until 1875, and the former until 1889. He 
served one term as attorney and two terms as 
treasurer of the village of Hyde Park ; was six 
years master in chancery of the Circuit Court of 
Cook county, and five years secretary and treas- 
urer of the Western Railroad Association. 

Mr. Willard is known as a modest, kind-hearted, 
charitable gentleman, but firm of purpose and 
conviction. His capacity for hard, continuous 
work is very great, as is his zeal and ambition for 
success. Few lawyers now at the Chicago bar 
have tried, unaided, a greater number of cases 
than Mr. Willard. 

Mr. Willard in 1864 enlisted as a private in the 
ninety-day service and served as a member of 
Company B, One Hundred and Thirty-second 
Regiment Illinois Volunteers, for a period of 
about six months, and until the regiment was 
mustered out of the service in the fall of that 

Mr. Willard is a native of the village of Natural 
Bridge, Jefferson county, New York, and a direct 
descendant of Major Simon Willard, who was 
born in Horsmonden, Kent county, England, and 
emigrated therefrom to Boston, Massachusetts, in 



THE gentleman whose name heads this article 
is widely known as an able lawyer, a brave 
and gallant soldier, and an author of considerable 
repute. He is a native of Ohio, and is a fair type 
of the men who have so ably and honorably rep- 
resented that great commonwealth wherever men 
of learning, eloquence and scientific attainments 
were needed, or the tented field required them. 
He was born in Berlin, Erie County, Ohio, Sep- 
tember 12, 1839, the eldest son of James W. Whit- 
ney, who came from Yates County, New York, 
and settled in Berlin in 1825, and married Miss 
Betsey Harper, a young lady of fine natural 
abilities, a relative of the famous Harper Broth- 

ers, New York. In 1848 the family moved to 
DeKalb County, Illinois, where Loren attended 
school until he was about sixteen years old, when, 
lured by the glowing accounts of Mississippi, he 
joined a number of young men of his neighbor- 
hood in a resolution to go to that State and seek 
a fortune; but when the time came to go all 
changed their purpose, excepting young Whitney, 
who started on foot, with staff in hand and car- 
pet-bag, alone, and with but one dollar and sev- 
enty-five cents in his pocket. His father refused 
him assistance, hoping to deter him from going, 
but he was not made of the stuff that yields. In 
two and a half days he walked to Peru, seventy 



miles from home, and after paying for a meal 
he balanced his cash account, and found but ten 
cents in his favor. Something had to be done. 
He offered his services to the engineer of a little 
steamer lying at the wharf, and about to move 
out. He represented that he could do anything 
and everything, and was engaged as boy of all 
work, with the stipulation that he would be paid 
whatever his services were considered worth. He 
continued in this employment five weeks, and was 
paid twenty-eight dollars, and promised fifty dol- 
lars per month to continue, but declined the offer 
and went to Bolivia county, Mississippi, where he 
passed the winter. He contracted with a planter 
to throw up a levee on the banks of the Missis- 
sippi and made a handsome profit on his con- 
tract. He went across the plains to California in 
1855, with a company of gold-hunters, and there 
worked a gold mine and made money enough to 
enable him to return and gratify his young ambi- 
tion to pursue a college course of study, complet- 
ing a four-years' course in two years. He was a 
bright and apt student, always among the fore- 
most in his class. He then entered the law office 
of the late Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut, at Belvi- 
dere, Illinois, and subsequently attended Asbury 
University, Indiana, and still later was admitted 
to the bar, the committee that examined him com- 
plimenting him highly on his proficiency, though 
he had read law but one year. When the war 
broke out he was practicing his profession, but 
entered the army as captain in the Eighth Regi- 
ment, Illinois Volunteer Cavalry, one of the best 
regiments in the Army of the Potomac. When 
Gen. McClellan advanced on Manassas Gap, Capt. 
Whitney, at the head of Sumner's Cavalry, led 
the way. While sitting on a ".Quaker cannon " 
at Manassas he conceived the idea of writing for 
the press, but before an hour's thought concluded 
to write a full history of the war, and carried that 
purpose into execution, and his first volume was 
published in 1863. He served with valor in the 
Peninsula campaign, and in the battles around 
Richmond, and was offered the position of major 
on Gen. Sumner's staff, but declined it to accept 
a colonelcy, as he supposed, of one of the new 
regiments from his state; but when he returned it 
proved to be a lieutenant-colonelcy that was in- 
tended, and he declined it, but was instrumental 
afterward in organizing two more regiments which 

went to the field. During this time he wrote and 
published the first volume of his history of the 
War of the Rebellion, a work which will compare 
favorably with the best of the many histories of 
that great conflict. It is a clear setting-forth of 
the inciting causes and philosophy of the Rebel- 
lion, and an accurate and full history of the facts 
and incidents attending its prosecution and cul- 

Governor Yates requested him to organize an- 
other regiment of infantry, which he did in three 
weeks' time, and being made its colonel, led it to 
the front in Mississippi. In 1864 he was put in 
command of a force sent out to intercept and 
drive away Gen. Forrest, who, at the head of a 
large force of cavalry, was committing depreda- 
tions on our railroad and telegraph lines and de- 
stroying our communications, and Col. Whitney 
was not defeated in a single contest with that 
noted rebel leader, though he had many fights 
and skirmishes, and succeeded in driving him 
away. Thence he went to Missouri with his com- 
mand and was engaged against Gen. Price in 
1864. During his service he participated in twelve 
great battles and forty skirmishes, and was 
wounded twice. As an evidence of the appreci- 
ation of his bravery, and of the esteem in which he 
was held as an officer and man, his officers and 
men presented him with an elegant sword, case 
of pistols and a field glass. The sword, blood-" 
stained, is still retained as a reminder of the great 

In 1866, when returning from Washington, 
where he had been to settle his accounts, he be- 
came acquainted with Miss Mary Munson, who 
was on her way home from college, and a year 
later married her. 

After leaving the service he settled at Chicago 
in the practice of his profession, and has been 
successful, standing well at the bar as an honor- 
able and faithful attorney and counselor. 

In 1875 he went to Topeka, Kansas, and while 
there wrote a compendium of Kansas Reports, 
making an octavo volume of nine hundred pages, 
which added to his reputation as an able and 
thorough lawyer. He was solicited to run for 
congress while there, but declined, and returned 
to Chicago in 1877, an d renewed the practice of 
the law, and is now (1892) so engaged. 

Of Col. Whitney the Bench and Bar of Chicago 



says: "He is a stalwart Republican, a fluent, 
ready, graceful speaker, and his voice is heard 
in advocacy of the principles and platform of that 
party in all important campaigns. He has a com- 
manding presence, is six feet two inches in height, 
the regulation height of a genuine Buckeye, and 
is one who, even on first sight, leaves the impres- 
sion of being more than an ordinary man in all 
respects. He stands well in the community and 
has the confidence and esteem of all who know 
him intimately. He is yet a young man, but his 

life work up to the present time, in so far as it is 
known and read of men, is to his credit." 

In July, 1882, he presided at the Cook County 
Convention which elected delegates to the Repub- 
lican State Convention, and in the following fall 
was nominated for the legislature from the Twelfth 
Ward, but declined to be a candidate, although 
he received the largest majority of anyone ever 
nominated in that ward. 

Col. Whitney is prominent in Grand Army cir- 
cles, and is a true friend of every worthy cause. 



THE subject of this sketch, James H. Walker, 
was born in New York City, March 23, 
1844. His father was the son of a British officer, 
his mother the daughter of an Irish squire. His 
brothers all had liberal educations. The oldest is 
the Episcopal bishop of North Dakota, and the 
other two are lawyers in the city of New York. 
His sisters graduated with high honors at the 
Packer Institute, Brooklyn. 

At the age of fourteen, Mr. Walker left Trinity 
school, after having qualified for Columbia College, 
and entered the employ of A. T. Stewart & Co., 
New York, at a salary of $50 per annum. That 
great house was then the foremost mercantile in- 
stitution of the land, and was distinguished by 
the high integrity of its founder, and the strict 
business methods of its organization. To be in 
its employ was considered an honor, and to have 
been educated in its methods was considered a 
guarantee of correct and thorough business prin- 
ciples. On entering that house, James H. Walker, 
the boy, found himself in the lowest and poorest 
position, and at the " beck and call " of all above 
him. His duties commenced at half-past seven 
in the morning, and continued with but half an 
hour's intermission for dinner, till the close of 
business, which was from six to twelve o'clock at 
night, according to the necessities of the season ; 
for in those days the busy seasons were short, 
and the rush of business, of necessity, compelled 
very long hours while it lasted. Besides, the 
facilities which render business so easy now were 
then wanting. There were no elevators, no tele- 

phones, and the telegraph was but little used. 
By tireless energy and attention to his duties, the 
boy soon became noticed as reliable and always 
on hand. He adopted the habit of taking his 
lunch with him to the store and eating it in his 
department, so as to be available when needed. 

In the fall of that year the panic of 1857 swept 
over the country and destroyed a large number 
of the commercial houses in New York. Economy 
became the order of the day among those which 
stood. Mr. Stewart thinned out his force as largely 
and as expeditiously as possible, but Jas. H. Walker 
was retained, under the impression that his serv- 
ices would be useful even at such a time as that. 
The boy worked his way up gradually to be stock 
clerk, assistant salesman, salesman on the road, 
and finally, in 1863, he became a general sales- 
man. He speedily became the largest salesman 
in the house, and, in 1865 was placed in charge 
of a department. This department was managed 
so satisfactorily that in 1868 another department 
was added, and he went abroad as European 
buyer for the house. He conducted his depart- 
ments with conspicuous profit and success, and in 
1874 Mr. Stewart, acknowledging his large and 
critical experience in all the European markets, 
desired him to take charge of his Manchester 
house, under power of attorney, on the retirement 
of one of his partners. 

In September, 1876, A. T. Stewart & Co. hav- 
ing decided to open a large wholesale house in 
Chicago, Mr. Walker was selected to take charge 
of that house, acting under their full power of at- 



3 6l 

torney. This business he conducted for them for 
four and one-half years, successfully and satisfac- 
torily, and then foreseeing the retirement of A. 
T. Stewart & Co. (Mr. Stewart having died), Mr. 
Walker decided to go into business for himself, 
starting his present house January I, 1882. The 
firm of James H. Walker & Co. has been a suc- 
cess from the start, and is the first instance on 
record in this country of a house starting new 
and fresh, on a large scale, and doing a business 
the first year of over five million dollars. The 
history of all other houses has been that of a 
small beginning and gradual growth. This house 
started on a large and broad scale from the first, 
and has steadily grown year by year. Besides 
the very large wholesale house, it has a retail 
house doing a business of millions of dollars per 
annum. Its employes number altogether over 
twelve hundred. It has offices in New York, 

Manchester and Paris, and connections with all 
parts of the world. 

Mr. James H. Walker is an active member of 
many clubs and other organizations ; among 
others, the Chicago Commercial Club, the Chi- 
cago Club, the Chicago Athletic Club, the Union 
Club the Twentieth Century Club, the Reform 
Club of New York, governing member of the 
Art Institute, and several others. He has long 
had a large collection of paintings, which is of 
high merit, and his library is rich in historical 
works and books of literature and the fine arts. 

In 1865 he was married to Miss Emeline Tate, 
of New London, Conn., the descendant of an old 
colonial family, prominent in the Revolutionary 
War. The homestead in New London has been 
the residence of her family for over one hundred 
and fifty years. Mr. and Mrs. James H. Walker 
have three children, two sons and a daughter. 



THE subject of this biography is a native of 
Boston, Massachusetts, and was born April 
14, 1834. He is the fourth son of John and Char- 
lotte (Lash) Sawin, and is of Scotch ancestry upon 
his father's and of Welsh upon his mother's side. 

From his father he inherited a sturdy physique, 
and the industry and integrity of the Scotch, and 
from his mother the fine conscientiousness and up- 
rightness of spirit for which the Welch are noted. 

During his boyhood George attended school 
in the little town of Chelsea, Massachusetts, where 
his parents resided for many years. After leaving 
this school, he attended an institution under the 
charge of one William D. Swan, and was gradu- 
ated therefrom. With a predilection for study and 
books, he was not long in making the choice of a 
profession, deciding upon the law as being most 
congenial to his tastes. Accordingly, when about 
eighteen years old, he entered the office of Mr. 
Samuel E. Guild and Hon. Geo. S. Hilliard, both 
prominent lawyers at the Boston bar. He studied 
under their preceptorship about two years, but 
just before finishing his course he was compelled 
by failing health to relinquish his studies. He 
thereupon made an extensive trip through the 

Southern and Western States. In 1854 he settled 
in Chicago. 

In 1855 he took a position in the mercantile 
house of Messrs. W. and S. L. Mills, as credit-man 
for the States of Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota. 

In 1856 he associated himself with Adam Car- 
lyle in a real estate enterprise, and laid out the 
town of De Soto, on the Mississippi river, in Bad- 
axe county, Wisconsin, where he invested all his 
possessions in a sawmill, warehouse, icehouse and 
other improvements. All was lost during the 
financial panic that swept over the country in 
1857, and Mr. Sawin found himself penniless. 
Returning to Chicago, he took employment in the 
dry goods house of Messrs. Stacy & Thomas, 
with whom he remained until 1859, when they 
went into liquidation. He then became a clerk 
in the postoffice under Hon. Isaac Cook, post- 
master, and being on the night service, he had 
some time each day for study, which he improved 
in the law office of Hon. James P. Root, and by 
indomitable energy and close application, fitted 
himself for examination and was admitted to 
practice in both the State and Federal courts. 

He first formed a partnership with Gilbert C. 



Walker, who was the first governor of Virginia 
after the war, and the Hon James P. Root, under 
the firm name of Root, Walker & Sawin. He 
was afterwards succesively in the firms of Sawin 
& Mattocks, Storrs, Kellogg & Sawin, and Chase, 
Munson & Sawin. 

At the opening of the civil war he enlisted in 
the Fifty-eighth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer In- 
fantry, and in December, 1861, left Chicago for 
Fort Henry as quartermaster of that regiment. 
Except a short time spent in Springfield, upon 
the reorganization of his regiment, after being 
liberated from Libby prison, he was constantly in 
the field, serving a great portion of the time on 
the staffs of Generals Smith, Morrow, Dodge and 
Sweeney. He was in the Sixteenth Corps of the 
Army of the Tennessee, and was in the Red River 
expedition as acting Major on the staff of Gen- 

eral Morrow. In the bloody battle of Pleasant 
Hill he led a brigade and had two horses killed 
under him. He was with Gen. Sherman in the 
celebrated " Meridian Raid." During his whole 
service Mr. Sawin was noted for his bravery, and 
received the sobriquet of "The Fighting Quarter- 
master." After the war he resumed his profession 
at Chicago, and has since continued it uninterrupt- 
edly and achieved satisfactory success. 

Mr. Sawin married, in 1855, a most estimable 
lady, Miss Caroline L. Rust, daughter of Elijah 
C. Rust, of Jamesville, Onondaga county, N. Y. 

In politics he has always been a Democrat. In 
religious belief he is an Episcopalian. He is a 
Past Eminent Commander of Knights Templar. 

As a business man he enjoys the confidence of 
all with whom he has to do, and for honest and 
manly dealing bears a character above reproach. 



vember 7, 1838, in Franklin ville, Cattar- 
augus county, New York, the son of Merlin and 
Polly (Clark) Mead. His father, an enterprising 
farmer, was an elder for fifty years in the Presby- 
terian Church, being one of the original members, 
and prominent in all the affairs of the town. A 
" true blue " Abolitionist, his house was one of the 
stations of the famous " Underground Railway." 
Mr. Mead was brought up on the farm, received 
his early education in the district schools and 
local academy until seventeen years of age, when, 
by invitation of an uncle, he went to Waterbury, 
Conn., and entered its high school, standing No. 
I in his class. 

Upon leaving school he became a clerk in a 
dry goods store in Waterbury, receiving a salary 
of one hundred and seventy-six dollars per year. 
Determined to succeed, however, young Mead, 
by being economical in his habits, managed to 
save out of his salary twenty-five dollars the first 
year. But the firm failed. He next became a 
clerk in a crockery store in Hartford, Conn., at 
which place he remained until the breaking out 
of the late civil war. 

In June, 1861, he enlisted in Company A, 

Fourth Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers, in- 
fantry, which afterwards was changed to the 
First Connecticut Heavy Artillery. The original 
enlistment for three months was changed to three 
years' service, the Government having all the 
three-months men it required. 

This regiment was the first one filled, equipped 
and accepted for three years' service. Mr. Mead 
was with the regiment stationed around Washing- 
ton one year, when discharged on account of 
pneumonia, the discharge taking place at Coal 
Harbor. After recovering from his illness suffi- 
ciently to allow of his engaging in business again, 
he entered the real estate office of his uncle, 
Abner L. Ely, who at that time had, probably, 
the largest real estate agency in the city of 
New York. There Mr. Mead gained a thorough 
knowledge of the various details connected with 
the transfer and sale of real estate. In January, 
1867, he removed to Chicago, which then gave 
considerable promise of a bright future, and 
opened a real estate office upon his arrival. His 
first fee was two dollars, which he received for 
drawing a contract for the sale of a farm, and 
this fee he donated to Fisk University, Nashville, 



In January, 1868, Mr. Mead formed a partner- 
ship with Albert L. Coe under the firm name of 
Mead & Coe, which partnership has continued 
to the present day (1892), being the oldest real 
estate firm in the city, and their business is one 
of the most successful and flourishing in this par- 
ticular line in Chicago. Carefully built up and 
under judicious management, it has grown rapidly 
from the commencement. Their clientage is of an 
extensive and substantial nature, no firm having a 
higher reputation than that of Mead & Coe. 

Mr. Mead was married in September, 1868, to 
Miss Mary E. Packard, daughter of James B. and 
Sarah C. Packard. They have four children. 

Mr. Mead is a member and deacon of the First 

Congregational Church. Also treasurer of the 
Illinois Home Missionary Society, and a trustee 
of Illinois College at Jacksonville. In politics he 
is an ardent Republican. In the days of the war 
he was an Abolitionist, as was his father before 
him. Mr. Mead is a member of Geo. H. Thomas 
Post, No. 5, G. A. R. 

He is a man of medium height, dark complex- 
ion and full beard, and in manner is genial and 
extremely affable and of a generous disposition. 
An energetic and enterprising business man, he is 
another of those who have contributed so largely 
to the building up the reputation which the City 
of Chicago to-day so ably sustains. As a public- 
spirited citizen, he is well known and esteemed. 



THE career of Martin Howard fairly illus- 
trates what one may accomplish who is 
actuated by an honest, manly purpose and a 
determination to make the most of his opportun- 
ities and abilities. Mr. Howard has made his 
business life successful because he has been will- 
ing to pay the price of success in whatever posi- 
tion he has been placed. He has, by earnest, 
honest effort, earned the favorable result that has 
come as his reward, and whenever special trusts 
have been imposed on him, he has proved true to 
them. When difficulties have arisen, he has stood 
steadfast, and with firm confidence in the right, 
worked till he has mastered them. Through the 
many difficult business problems that have come 
to his professional and business life, he has pressed 
steadily on, and by his straightforward course 
has won the respect and confidence of his asso- 
ciates and acquaintances. Added to his high 
social and moral qualities is an energy and force 
of character indispensable to him who would make 
for himself an honored name, and of him may 
truthfully be said, " he is the architect of his own 

Mr. Howard was born in 1840, at Rochester, 
New York, and when eleven years old removed, 
with his parents, Josiah and Eunice Howard, to 
Rock county, Wisconsin. Having early formed 
studious and industrious habits, he soon mastered 

the lower branches of learning, and entered on a 
course of study in Wayland University, graduat- 
ing therefrom with honor in 1858, after which he 
began the study of law. Before he had completed 
his law course, the war of the Rebellion began, 
and in 1863 he laid aside his books and enlisted 
in the Fourteenth Regiment Iowa Volunteer In- 
fantry, and went to the front to take part in the 
great struggle for liberty. He was captured near 
Holly Springs, Mississippi, in the summer of 1864, 
and remained a prisoner until nearly the close of 
the war, when he was exchanged at Black River. 
Returning to Iowa, he was mustered out and hon- 
orably discharged, after which he went back to 
his old home in Wisconsin, and resumed his legal 
studies, and in 1866 was admitted to the bar. He 
continued his practice with success until 1873, 
when he removed to Chicago. 

His practice in Chicago was very satisfactory, 
and he soon attracted to himself a good clientage 
and became attorney for several wholesale firms. 
As a lawyer he was careful, prompt and reliable, 
deliberate in his judgment and true to the inter- 
ests of his clients, proving himself a good student 
of human nature as well as of legal lore. It was 
these and kindred characteristics that brought 
him prominently to the attention of those whose 
legal business he managed, among whom was the 
firm of Messrs. C. M. Henderson and Co., and 



when, in 1881, Mr. Edmund Burke (who had 
been the financial manager of the firm) associated 
himself with Mr. James H. Walker, under the 
firm name of Burke, Walker and Co., Mr. Howard 
was tendered and accepted the position in the 
house of Messrs. C. M. Henderson and Co. made 
vacant by the withdrawal of Mr. Burke. 

The position is one for which his qualifications 
eminently fit him, and during the eleven years 
that he has filled it his services have been of the 
highest order, and he ranks among the ablest 
commercial financiers of Chicago. 

Mr. Howard is prominently identified with the 
Masonic fraternity, having become a member of 
that order in 1874. For two successive terms he 
was Illustrious Grand Potentate of Medinah Tem- 
ple, Ancient Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 
He is a member of Home Lodge, A. F. and A. 
M., Chevalier Bayard Commandery and Oriental 

Consistory, and a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic. Some twelve years ago he was 
quite prominent in politics. Has been a member 
of the township, city, county and State Central 
Committees (Republican), and was a member of 
the State Executive Committee during the cam- 
paign wherein President Hayes was elected. He 
has always been a devoted worker for what he 
believed to be right in politics, but business and 
its cares has made it impossible for him to be as 
actively engaged in such matters as heretofore. 

Mr. Howard has always a kindly word of en- 
couragement for those who are ambitious and 
worthy, and many a young man will testify that 
the encouragement and material aid given him by 
Mr. Howard has added much to his own develop- 
ment and success. He is a man of good execu- 
tive attainments, a forcible speaker, a genial 
companion and a faithful friend. 



ALBERT L. COE is a member of the well- 
known firm of Mead & Coe, one of the 
oldest established real estate firms in the city of 
Chicago. Their business was organized as early 
as 1868, since which time it has grown and 
developed immensely, being to-day one of the 
most prominent and favorably known houses in 
its line in Chicago. 

Mr. Coe was born at Talmage, Ohio, about 
thirty-five miles south east of the city of Cleve- 
land, and is the son of the Rev. David Lyman 
Coe, who came to the Western Reserve in 1818, 
soon after graduating from Williams College, 
Massachusetts, and Polly (Hayes) Coe, the 
daughter of Colonel Richard Hayes, who, with 
his family, Jeft Hartland, Connecticut, in the 
spring of. 1 804. Colonel Hayes led a colony of 
some twelve families, who located in Hartford, 
Trumbull county, Ohio, which town, together 
with a number of surrounding ones, they named 
after the various New England towns from which 
they came. The Colonel recruited a regiment of 
infantry from the very sparsely settled country of 
Northern Ohio, and took part in the War of 1812; 
afterward became a prosperous merchant, owned 

a large store, mills, stage line and other industries. 
He died about 1840, leaving quite a large fortune 
for those days. His family and that of President 
Hayes were distantly related, being, in fact, of 
the same blood. In 1836 occurred the death of 
Rev. David L. Coe, and in 1838 Mrs. Coe was 
married to Dr. Oresty K. Hawley. 

Receiving his early education in the district 
school, young Coe subsequently attended the 
academy at Painesville, Ohio, for some two years, 
and at Grand River Institution, in Austinburg, 
Ashtabula county, Ohio, leaving here at the age 
of seventeen to engage in the business of life. 

Our subject's stepfather was a noted Abolition- 
ist, and his house was one of the stations along the 
celebrated " Underground Railway," and young 
Coe drove many a load of runaway slaves up to 
the different points on Lake Erie, at and near 
Ashtabula, securing passage for them to the 
Canadian shore, the trips being oftentimes made 
at night. His selection for this position was 
owing to the good qualities he possessed as a 
horseman, and on account of his well-known fear- 
lessness and bravery, unusual for a boy of his age, 
as in those days threats of personal violence were 



freely made by the pro-slavery element under 
protection of the infamous " Fugitive-Slave Law." 
This service continued from his ninth to his four- 
teenth year. Joshua R. Giddings and Benjamin 
F. Wade, both of abolition fame, were residents 
of the same county, and in the same circle of 
friends. It is therefore not surprising that young 
Coe took delight in visiting them, and naturally 
derived much patriotic inspiration therefrom. 

When about eighteen years old he decided to 
seek a wider field for his energies, and eventually 
settled in Chicago in 1853. In February, 1854, 
he entered into the coal business, under the firm 
name of T. R. Clarke and Co., the firm consisting 
of Thos. R. Clarke, Benjamin Carpenter and 
Albert L. Coe. Three years later Mr. Clarke 
retired, and the firm name was then changed to 
that of Coe & Carpenter, which firm was con- 
tinued until the beginning of the War of the 

In September, 1861, Mr. Coe, aroused by that 
patriotism which has characterized even his early 
boyhood, enlisted in the Fifty-first Illinois Infantry 
(raised in Chicago) as a private, serving over four 
years, or during the war. But before leaving camp 
he was commissioned second lieutenant, serving 
most of the time with the Army of the Cumber- 
land. He was under Generals Pope, Rosecrans, 
Sheridan, Thomas, Grant and Sherman, and 
did detachment service at the headquarters of the 
First Brigade, Fourteenth Army Corps, and also 
of the second division of the Fourteenth Army 
Corps; participated in the capture of Island No. 
10, was at Pittsburg Landing, the Siege of 
Corinth, the campaigns from Nashville to Chatta- 
nooga, battle of Mission Ridge, taking part in the 
Atlanta campaign, and was one of those who 
marched with Sherman to the sea ; also on the 
march from Savannah, through the Carolinas, to 
Washington, and was in the grand review at the 
close of the war. He received a captain's com- 
mission, but was never regularly mustered in that 
rank owing to the continued active operations in 
the field of the I4th Corps. He was mustered 
out of service in November, 1865, at Springfield, 
Illinois. Subsequently he became a member of 
and helped to organize the Illinois National 
Guards, and from 1875 to 1880 served as major 
and quartermaster on Gen. A. C. Ducat's staff, and 
was on duty during the riots in this city in 1877. 

Upon returning to civil life Mr. Coe decided to 
engage in the real estate business. He had 
previously, and while in the coal business, become 
considerably interested in real estate matters, 
having received numerous commissions to execute 
in real estate from friends in the East. In Jan- 
uary, 1868, he formed a partnership with Mr. A. 
B. Mead, under the firm name of Mead & Coe, 
which firm continues one of the most enterprising 
and best known, and one of the oldest firms 
engaged in the business in Chicago. They pos- 
sess an extensive clientage, and, in fact, do an 
amount of business equaled by few firms. 

He was married in March, 1864, to Miss Char- 
lotte E. Woodward, a daughter of Joseph Wood- 
ward, a prominent merchant of Mansfield, Con- 

One of the organizers of the Union League 
Club, he has been one of its most active and 
efficient members, serving as director or officer 
for a number of years, and previous to 1891 he 
was its vice-president for three years. A member 
of the Loyal Legion and George H. Thomas 
Post, G. A. R., he is also an active member of 
the Citizens' League, and has been a director of 
the Auditorium Association since the first year of 
its establishment. He has been for five years 
treasurer of the City Missionary Society, and is 
still a member of its directorate. He is presi- 
dent and one of the incorporators of the Royal 
Trust Company, one of the substantial financial 
institutions of Chicago. He has also been for 
a number of years a trustee of the Young Men's 
Christian Association of Chicago, and at the last 
election was elected vice-president of its Board 
of Trustees. 

In politics he is a Republican. He is a member 
of the New England Congregational Church, hav- 
ing been identified with it since the first month 
of its organization, and has attended same since 
July, 1853. 

Personally, Mr. Coe is of medium height and of 
commanding address, extremely genial and 
affable in manner. He is of a generous disposi- 
tion and very popular. It would, perhaps, be 
difficult to name anyone who has a more just 
claim to the honor of being considered one of 
Chicago's representative business men than Albert 
Lyman Coe, for he has always been identified 
with the best interests of the city, and has always 


taken an active part in the general welfare there- or more highly respected citizens of Chicago than 
of, and there are, perhaps, few more esteemed he. 



NICHOLAS SENN was born in Buchs, in 
the Canton of St. Gall, Switzerland, on 
October 31, 1844. His parents were industrious 
fanners, whose thrift and respectability were the 
cardinal gifts they bestowed upon their children. 

Nicholas was the second youngest member of 
a family of three sons and one daughter; one of 
his brothers died while serving in the Second 
Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteers. In his native 
canton he had but the meager advantages of the 
district schools, which he attended until nine 
years of age, when his parents immigrated to 
America, and soon after settled at Ashford, Fond 
du Lac Co., Wisconsin. 

Entering the grammar school of the city of 
Fond du Lac, he pursued his studies with marked 
ability, and was graduated at the age of eighteen 
years. Even at that early age he displayed un- 
usual mental power, which later became genius 
and earned the applause of the medical and sur- 
gical world. Having determined upon his voca- 
tion, and completed his studies in the public 
schools, he became a student under Dr. Munk, 
and pursued with keen relish the study of Latin, 
botany, pharmacy and the natural sciences, and 
then entered the Chicago Medical College, from 
which he was graduated in 1868. He was awarded 
the first prize for a thesis on the modus operandi 
and therapeutic uses of Digitalis purpurea. His 
original investigation of the action of this drug 
was most unique, and to the astonishment of the 
profession, he proved that insteafl of a cardiac 
sedative, as Digitalis had been previously 
regarded, it was a cardiac stimulant, and this 
latter opinion has since universally obtained. 
After receiving his degree of M. D., Dr. Senn was 
appointed house surgeon in the Cook County 
Hospital at Chicago, where he remained a year 
and a half. 

Returning to Fond du Lac county, he began 
the practice of his profession at Ashford, and was 
married the following year to Miss Aurelia S. 

Millhouser. He went to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
in the spring of 1874, and enjoyed a practice that 
returned him ten thousand dollars the first year. 
In 1878 he attended a course of lectures at the 
University of Munich, Germany, and was grad- 
uated Magna Cum Lande, presenting a thesis on 
the surgical treatment of varicocele by sub- 
cutaneous ligation. He was appointed attending 
surgeon at the Milwaukee Hospital before going 
abroad, and was also elected president of the 
Wisconsin State Medical Society, and delivered 
before that body an address on medical legisla- 
tion, which attracted widespread and favorable 
comment. At that time surgical pathology was 
the subject of universal attention, and became 
infused with new life, due to the investigations of 
eminent European pathologists, and Dr. Senn 
pursued a special course in pathological and 
microscopic anatomy under Professor Heitzmann, 
an eminent pathologist of New York, attending 
also the surgical lectures and clinics at the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons of New York City. 

Returning to Milwaukee, he resumed his prac- 
tice, which had grown to immense proportions, 
attracting patients from all parts of Wisconsin 
and many of the neighboring States. He per- 
fected the hospital facilities of Milwaukee, and, 
continuing his original investigations and opera- 
tions in surgery, astonished two continents by his 
bold and successful surgical achievements. When 
Professor Von Esmarch, the celebrated German 
surgeon, visited this country, he made a special 
journey to Milwaukee to personally greet Dr. 
Senn, whose fame had crossed the Atlantic. 

In all the details of intestinal surgery, Dr. Senn 
became the recognized authority of the modern 
surgical world, and his methods of diagnosis and 
treatment in this specialty were both original 
and scientific. In . gunshot wounds of the 
abdomen, he introduced the use of hydrogen gas 
per rectum as the only reliable means of deter- 
mining a perforation of the bowel. If the intes- 



tines were perforated, the gas escaped through a 
small glass tube inserted in the wound, and 
would burn brightly on applying a lighted match. 
The same test was also available in wounds of 
the stomach. He was tendered fellowship in 
the most distinguished foreign societies. Among 
other distinctions he was elected a member of 
the Societe Chevalier Sauveteur. In 1885 he 
was appointed Professor of the Principles and 
Practice of Surgery in the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons of Chicago. He, however, con- 
tinued his residence and labors in Milwaukee. 
Three years later, on the death of Professor 
Gunn, of Rush Medical College, Chicago, Dr. 
Senn resigned from the faculty of the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons and accepted the chair of 
the Principles of Surgery and Surgical Pathology 
in the Rush Medical College. 

Soon after the death of Dr. Parkes, the dis- 
tinguished surgeon of Rush Medical College, 
Dr. Senn was chosen to fill his place. He 
removed to Chicago in the spring of 1891, to 
the great grief of his hosts of friends and patients 
in Milwaukee, where his practice had been all 
that the highest ambition could desire. Gov. 
Peck had appointed him Surgeon General of 
Wisconsin, and he had begun a thorough organi- 
zation of the surgical corps of the State. So great 
was his enthusiasm in this work, that he -decided 
to retain his commission on the Governor's staff 
and perfect the work which he had undertaken. 
He organized the Association of Military Sur- 
geons of the National Guard of Wisconsin and 
the Association of Military Surgeons of the 
National Guard of the United States, and is 
president of both of these associations. During 
the early part of the present year (1892) Dr. Senn 
has been a tireless contributor to surgical litera- 
ture, and his capacity for work has always been 
a source of amazement to his confreres. 

During his last visit to the old world he was 
asked by a celebrated Swiss surgeon how he 
found time for so much work, and if the days 
were not longer in America than in Europe. 
" No," he replied with a sly twinkle in his eye, 
" our days are not longer, Doctor, but our nights 
are." And this is the secret of his prolific pen. 
His library is his evening workshop, and here he 
labors long into the small hours. One is fairly 
bewildered with the extent of his library. Books 

from the floor to the ceiling, filling two spacious 
rooms, and manuscript that must be compiled 
and made ready for the publisher, till one fairly 
shudders at the thoughts of attempting such a 
task. His is the largest and most select private 
medical library in the world, and it is amid such 
environments that Dr. Senn has produced his 
most valuable surgical monographs and supplied 
the surgical conventions of the world with 
brilliant flashes from his cunning scalpel. For 
the past five years he has received an annual 
invitation to present an original paper on surgery 
before the International Medical Congress, and at 
the convention held in Washington, D. C., in 
1887, he contributed his remarkable monograph 
on the diagnosis and treatment of gunshot 
wounds of the stomach and intestines. It marked 
the dawn of a new era upon the subject of gun- 
shot wounds of the abdomen. 

Dr. Senn is constantly importuned by pub- 
lishers for manuscript long in advance of its 
preparation, since all his works are unique and 
find a ready market. 

Among his published works are " The Principles 
of Surgery," now in its first edition ; "Experiment- 
al Surgery," and "Surgical Bacterial," which have 
reached their second edition and are now being 
translated into the French, 'Italian and Polish 
languages ; " Intestinal Surgery," which has been 
translated into the German language. All these 
works are original, and are the standard text 
books on their respective subjects. Endless 
papers, before international, national, state and 
local societies ; monographs and contributions to 
surgical and medical journals, constitute an 
amount of labor that seems almost impossible, 
when one recalls the duties of instructor, operator 
and private surgeon. Dr. Senn has been invited 
to co-operate with twelve of the most eminent 
surgeons of this country in the production of the 
"American Text-Book of Surgery," and he will 
contribute all of that portion relating to abdom- 
inal surgery. This work, from the prominence of 
the collaborators, promises to be the most authen- 
tic surgical work of the present century. 

In 1887 Dr. Senn visited all the European hos- 
pitals, and wrote a book entitled " Four Months 
Among the Surgeons of Europe," which was well 
received by the profession. In 1890 he Avas 
invited to represent America at the International 



Medical Congress, held in Berlin, and his demon- 
stration of original methods in gunshot wounds of 
the abdomen before this convention produced a 
sensation and won honors and decorations for him. 
Dr. Senn received the degree of Ph. U. from 
the University of Wisconsin on returning from 
his second trip to Europe. He is professor of 
surgery in Rush Medical College and attending sur- 
geon to the Presbyterian and St. Joseph's Hospi- 
tals; professor of surgery in the Chicago Polyclinic; 
fellow of the American Surgical Association ; 
honorary fellow of the College of Physicians of 
Pennsylvania ; permanent member of the German 
Congress of Surgeons ; honorary member of La 
Academia de Medicina de Mexico, of the D. 
Hayes Agnew Surgical Society of Philadelphia; 
corresponding member of the Harveian Society of 
London, England; member of the- Ohio State 
Medical Society and the Minnesota State Medical 
Society; member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, the British Medical Association, the Wis- 
consin State Medical Society, the Brainard Med- 
ical Society, etc., etc., etc. 

One could narrate endless incidents in the 
social and humanitarian life of Ur. Senn that 
would prove most entertaining, but a biographi- 
cal record of this nature deals only with cold 
facts, and forbids the use of a narrator's paint- 
brush. Courteous and affable, Dr. Senn greets 
one with a manner that is full of cheerful interest, 
and before one is able to swallow the diffidence 
one naturally feels on entering his sanctum, he 
has one puffing at a good cigar and chatting 
with all the "esprit de corps" of old classmates. 
His home life is extremely domestic, and, 
although of a social disposition, he finds but few 
moments for the exchange of social amenities. 
His family consists of his estimable wife and two 
sons, aged fourteen and twenty-one years respect- 
ively. The elder boy is a student in the Rush 
Medical College, and if he but realize the fond 
hopes of his devoted parents, all these years of 
accumulated fame, honor and material posses- 
sions will have been indeed " a labor of love," 
when the mantle of an illustrious father is rever- 
ently laid upon the shoulders of a worthy son. 



THE successful man is he who chooses his voca- 
tion with reference to his natural abilities 
and inclinations, and adheres strictly to the busi- 
ness of his choice. Among the successful and 
representative business men of Chicago must be 
numbered the subject of this sketch, Egbert W. 
Gillett, born in Dexter, Jefferson county, N. Y. 

He is the son of Paul W. and Caroline H. Gillett, 
both natives of the Empire State. His father 
died at the age of sixty-three and his mother in 
her fifty-eighth year, the decease, of both occur- 
ring in this city, where they had removed in 1852 
from New York State. Much interested in the 
cause of temperance, his father often lectured on 
the subject. 

The business in Chicago, of which Mr. Gillett is 
the owner ( manufacturing and importing of 
grocers' specialties), was established by his father 
many years ago. 

Arriving in this city with his parents when but 
three years of age, young Gillett received his 

early education in the public schools of Chicago 
and finished at Wheaton College. Having com- 
pleted his education, he entered business with his 
father at 257 South Clark street. They were located 
at6i Michigan avenue at the time of the great fire 
(October 8, 1871), and their entire plant was swept 
away. On October 9 they resumed business at 51 
West Lake street, and remained there until the 
South Side was partially rebuilt, when they re- 
moved to Nos. 38 to 44 Michigan avenue, remain- 
ing there eleven years. During that time, in the 
year 1882, E. W. Gillett became sole proprietor of 
the business, and in 1887 (requiring more room and 
enlarged facilities) he erected his present store at 
Nos. 9, II, 13 and 15 River street, 67x100 feet, six 
stories and basement, which he now occupies ; thus 
making one of the finest wholesale buildings in 
that vicinity. He employs in this business about 
two hundred and fifty hands, and his trade ex- 
tends all over the United States. In 1887 Mr. 
Gillett established a factory in Toronto, Ont., 





located at 32 and 34 West Front street, to supply 
his Canadian trade, where he employs a large 
number of operatives. He also founded the 
Champion Chemical Works in 1885, located at 
38 and 40 Michigan avenue, Chicago, and is 
president of the company, which does a large 
and prosperous chemical business. 

He was one of the founders of the Lincoln 
National Bank and for several years a director. 
At present a director of the American Exchange 
National Bank and the Chicago Opera House 
Company; a member of the Union League Club, 

Illinois Club, Washington Park Club, and other 
prominent clubs, corporations and associations. 
He has large real estate interests in Chicago and 
subdivisions in Ohio to which he gives some at- 
tention. His handsome large brownstone resi- 
dence is in the finest part of the city, 3334 Michi- 
gan avenue. In his stables are complete turnouts. 
He is an attendant and trustee of Plymouth 
Congregational Church. Also a trustee of the Illi- 
nois College, located at Jacksonville, III. He was 
married July 25, 1868. Their children are Lillian 
May and Charley W. Gillett. 



r I ''HE subject of this sketch was born April 16, 
JL 1844, in the City of Brotherly Love. His 
father, Samuel Ketcham, and his mother, Rose- 
anne, nee Pyott, were both natives of Philadel- 
phia. The father was a shoe manufacturer in 
that city. 

In 1852 the family removed to Muscatine, 
Iowa, and there our subject attended, the public 
schools until he was fourteen years old, after 
which he attended Stone's Academy for about 
two years. 

In 1860 he went to Marengo, Iowa, and en- 
gaged with his brother, J. P. Ketcham, in the 
lumber, grain and agricultural-implement busi- 

In April, 1861, he returned to Muscatine, and 
took charge of the furniture establishment of 
Messrs. Densmore & Chambers, being but seven- 
teen years old. 

At the opening of the war of the Rebellion, 
filled with patriotism and love for the Union, he 
at once enlisted in Company A, Seventh Regi- 
ment, Iowa Volunteers, infantry, and went to the 

During the year that he was with this regi- 
ment he participated in the battles of Fort 
Henry, Fort Donaldson, Shiloh and Corinth. His 
regiment was a part of Tuttle's Brigade, Wallace's 
division, and it was this brigade which held the 
dangerous position of the Hornet's Nest on that 
memorable 6th of April, 1862. Mr. Ketcham was 
in the battle of Holly Springs, when the Confeder- 

ate General, Van Dorn, captured that place. Of 
twenty-five infantrymen who escaped, he was 
one ; all the other Union soldiers, with the ex- 
ception of the Second Regiment Illinois cavalry, 
were captured. 

He next served as a clerk at Gen. Grant's head- 
quarters until the commander was placed in 
charge of the Army of the Potomac, when he was 
transferred to General Sherman's headquarters at 
Nashville. There he served the remainder of his 
term of enlistment and was honorably discharged 
August 17, 1864. He was noted for devotion to 
duty wherever duties called him, and earned the 
respect and love of his superiors by his conduct 
at headquarters. 

Returning to Marengo, Iowa, he formed a co- 
partnership with his brother in the lumber and grain 
business. He remained there until 1885, when, 
leaving the business in charge of a manager, he 
removed to Chicago, whither his brother had pre- 
ceded him a number of years, and the present 
firm of J. P. Ketcham & Brother was formed. 
They located on the corner of Blue Island and 
Hoyne avenues, in the lumber district of Chicago. 
They have extensive yards 'and works, and do 
an immense wholesale business, employing over 
one hundred and twenty-five men. Owing to 
the death of J. P. Ketcham on February 15, 
1892, the business was incorporated May i, 1892, 
as the Ketcham Lumber Company W. P. Ket- 
cham, president,' and F. D. Ketcham, secretary 
and treasurer. 


Mr. Ketcham was married at State Line, Illi- 
nois, on the 25th of December, 1866, to Miss Mary 
J. Parry, daughter of Mr; William A. Parry, a 
well-known hotel proprietor and railroad con- 

Mr. Ketcham was president of the Builders and 
Traders' Exchange, during 1890, and is a mem- 
ber of George H. Thomas Post, G. A. R., and 
also of Montjoie Commandery of Knights Tem- 

He is a prominent member of the Presbyterian 

In April, 1891, he was elected a director of the 
World's Columbian Exposition, and is a member 
of the Grounds and Building Committee, and also 
the Committee on Agriculture. He is one of the 
most influential members of the board, repre- 
senting especially the building and lumber in- 

Mr. Ketcham is of light complexion, medium 
height, but of a robust stature and commanding 
presence. He is courteous, genial and self-reliant, 
and commands the respect of all who are ac- 
quainted with him. 



THERE is, in the laborious and honorable 
career of the busy business man, fighting 
the every-day battle of life, but little to attract 
the idle reader in search of a sensational chapter ; 
but for the mind fully awake to the importance 
and real meaning of human existence, there are 
immortal lessons in the life of the man who, 
without other means than a clear head and a true 
heart, begins life with a high purpose, and who, 
ever adhering to that purpose, conquers adversity 
and presses on through the ranks of the many, 
and becomes one of the few: whose toil through 
the work-a-day years of a long and arduous 
career unfolds an evening of rest, blessed with 
a solid and honorable competence and a good 
name. Such a man is the subject of this bio- 
graphical sketch. 

J. W. Butler was born at Essex, Chittenden 
county, Vermont, May Jth, 1828. His father 
was Zebediah Butler, and his mother was Betty 
(Morris) Butler, both natives of Vermont. Zebe- 
diah Butler was one of the leading men of his 
time at Roxbury, Vermont, being engaged in the 
milling business and also for a long period post- 
master of that place. Exemplary parents, rigid 
in their understanding of the importance of fru- 
gality and industry, deemed it not only possible, 
but proper and necessary that a boy should be 
taught the virtues of labor, and that his "recess'' 
and vacation should be supplemented by work. 
It was thus that the subject of this sketch divided 
his school days with a system of the hardest kind 

of work, to the end that the earnings therefrom 
would add that much more to his education. 
His schooling was limited to. from three to four 
months of each year, at the academy of Hines- 
burgh, Vermont, and some additional study in 
the district schools. 

Mr. Butler's first employment, and which was 
during his scholastic years, was in the post-office 
at Hinesburgh. His next venture was in a sad- 
dler's shop, but this work did not meet his ideas 
of a future, and he gave it up, and in the fall of 
1848, at the age of twenty, he packed up his port- 
able property and removed to Chicago. The out- 
look in the Chicago of that time was not very 
pleasing to an eastern-bred youth, so he moved 
on to St. Charles, Illinois, and went into the mer- 
cantile trade at that place, and after eight years 
residence and business there he removed to Chi- 
cago, and in 1856 joined his brother, O. M. Butler, 
who had established, in 1844, a paper warehouse 
and paper store, the new firm being J. W. Butler 
& Co v their business being located at 48 State 
street. Thus came into existence a great house, 
that has stood up against war and two disastrous 
fires, and is to-day the leading paper house in the 

In 1862 the firm of J. W. Butler & Co. con- 
solidated with the G. H. & L. Laflin paper con- 
cern, the new firm name being Laflin, Butler & 
Co., and continued as such until 1868, when J. 
W. Butler and his brother, O. M., bought out the 
Laflin interest, when the firm name changed back 



to its original style. In 1867 the firm were at 114 
and n6Wabash avenue the Drate block and 
was burned out there in August of that year with 
a loss of fifty thousand dollars. This was a hard 
blow to the brothers, but they were of determined 
metal, and as soon as the building could be pre- 
pared for them they reopened their business at 
12 and 14 Market street, and later removed into 
larger and better quarters at 144 and 146 Monroe 
street, where, in 1871, the great fire found them, 
and their business was added to the list of " to- 
tally destroyed." At this time their business 
amounted to over one million annually, and the 
loss consequent upon carrying a stock to handle 
such a trade was very heavy, and almost crushed 
them ; in fact, the great loss in this fire, supple- 
mented by the burning of their paper mills at St. 
Charles, so prostrated Mr. J. W. Butler's brother 
that he soon after gave up the business. While 
the walls were still smoking, Mr. J. W. Butler 
secured and moved into a building on the West 
side, that had been used for a church and mission 
school, and here again opened up business for the 
temporary accommodation of his trade. A new 
building being built for him, he removed back 
to the South side, on Monroe street, where, in 
1876, the business was incorporated as the J. W. 
Butler Paper Company, with J. W. Butler as its 
treasurer. In 1884 Mr. Butler was elected presi- 
dent of the company, and has filled that office 
ever since. 

The business has seen many struggles in its 
early days, but it was favored with a man of 
brains at its head, who knew no such word as fail, 
and he has worked and lived to see every hope, 
every ambition realized for the business; and 
while it has competitors in its line, has none, 
absolutely none, in its class in the West, and 
none superior in the United States. 

Few wholesale commercial houses anywhere 
can show a proud list of over six thousand select- 
ed customers, many of them more than a quarter 
of a century old, and some approaching nearly 
the half-century line. Their business covers the 
entire forty-eight States and a large portion of 
Mexico. It is indeed a typical American institu- 
tion, honored and trusted. 

In politics, Mr. Butler is a Republican, but has 
never been in office, nor sought one ; he has, how- 
ever, been requested to permit his name to stand 

for this and that office in the city municipal gov- 
ernment, but has steadfastly refused. He is a 
director in the Royal Trust Savings Bank, and 
has been a director in numerous financial institu- 
tions. He is an officer in the Union Park Con- 
gregational Church, and is deeply interested in 
the building up and sustaining of the mission 

Mr. Butler was married, May 28th, 1856, to 
Miss Julia A. Osgood, of Bellows Falls, Vt., to 
whose gentleness, good judgment and ready sym- 
pathy Mr. Butler ascribes the courage and inspi- 
ration of his dark days, and the true and highest 
enjoyment of his days of sunshine and plenty. 
Of the four children born unto this good father 
and mother, two sons, Frank O. and J. Fred., are 
the survivors, the former being first vice-president 
and the latter second vice-president of the J. W. 
Butler Company. 

Mr. Butler takes great interest in all efforts 
tending to bring the trades together, believing 
that all such efforts result in general good. He 
was instrumental in organizing, in 1881, the Chi- 
cago Paper Dealers' and Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion, and was its first president. Mr. Butler is 
five feet five inches in height, and weighs one 
hundred and thirty pounds. 

This brief view of his business career and in- 
terests show him to be eminently fitted for the 
pages of a history of men whose lives are pre- 
sented to the world as examples of high regard 
and excellence, typical of that intensified en- 
ergy and honorable characteristic of represen- 
tative American progress that has made the 
United States in general, and Chicago in par- 
ticular, the wonder and admiration of the whole 
civilized world. 

Mr. Butler's personal history exhibits the no- 
blest attributes of character ; his life has been 
one continuous scene of activity and almost un- 
interrupted success. His achievements justify a 
study of the man, his character, his qualities, his 
methods of action and acknowledged ability to 
grapple with the higher forces of life around him, 
and to govern the agencies of nature and human- 
ity that are so essential to the attainment of 
eminence and success. 

He is strong in his friendship, never willingly 
abandoning one in whom he has trusted, always 
willing to help the worthy, but sometimes turning 



a deaf ear to an applicant for his bounty who has 
not learned the pathway to competency by indus- 
try and economy ; strong in his dislikes of men 
whom he does not believe in as honest and 
worthy; strong in his convictions of right and 
hatred of the tricks of business of which some 
even boast. His sterling integrity is an unques- 
tioned fact in his history. 

Naturally modest and diffident, he is independ- 
ent in thought, but does not reach a conclusion 
without due consideration, and when once a con- 
clusion is reached, he is firm but not arrogant. 
He is a proud man, but his pride is a worthy and 
honest consciousness in, and appreciation of, the 

love of his family and friends, and the profound 
respect of all with whom he has business or social 

He stands to day in his mature years the pio- 
neer of a great industry and trade in the West. 
For nearly half a hundred years his honored 
name has been synonymous with that industry, 
and such has been the consonance of the connec- 
tion that it will continue for all time in American 
social records and business heraldry an example 
for young men to pattern after, as illustrative of 
the fruits of probity, manliness and of the associ- 
ation of the higher elements of Christian fellow- 
ship with business dealing. 



HENRY S. TUCKER inherits from his 
father the clear brain and practical inge- 
nuity of the sturdy sons of Vermont, and from his 
mother the warm heart and gracious manner of the 
old Virginian. Early in the present century, his 
father, John R. Tucker, left his native home in 
Vermont, and after a few years' sojourn in Vir- 
ginia, settled in Kane county, Illinois, where the 
subject of this sketch was born on the 1st of 
May, 1853. Henry was sent to the common 
schools, passed successfully through the different 
grades, and was graduated from the high school, 
and then spent two very profitable years at 
Wheaton College, Illinois. 

He early developed a fondness for anatomical 
studies, and became interested in all mechanical 
contrivances for operating upon the human body, 
and when the time came to choose a profession, he 
naturally selected surgery. He pursued a course 
of study at Bennet Medical College, Chicago, from 
which he was graduated in 1879. With a choice 
which has proved a very wise one, he located in 
Chicago, and the same year was elected demon- 
strator of anatomy by his alma mater. He re- 
tained this position until 1883, when he was elect- 
ed professor of general and descriptive anatomy. 
In this capacity he served until 1889, when he was 
elected professor of surgery in Bennet Medical 
College and attending and consulting physician in 
the college hospital, at the same time being ex- 

amining physician in several mutual benefit asso- 

In 1883 Dr. Tucker was made a Mason at Clin- 
tonville Lodge, No. 5 1 1 , A. F. & A. M., from which 
he has since transferred his membership to Ash- 
lar Lodge, No. 308, of Chicago. He was exalted 
to the Royal Arch degree, R. A. M., Lafayette 
Chapter, in 1889. 

Well known in social and literary circles, Dr. 
Tucker is a member of the Grand Boulevard Club 
and also of the Evolution Club of this city. He 
is Republican in political sympathies, though pre- 
vented by professional duties from taking an ac- 
tive part in politics. In his religious belief he is 
a Methodist. 

Dr. Tucker is a very successful physician, and 
it is interesting to note the traits of character 
which have contributed to his advancement. 
Calm and cool in demeanor, he impresses one 
as non-visionary and conservative, while at the 
same time is felt the underlying strength and 
positiveness of his character. One of his most 
admirable qualities is the ability to judge and 
to speak without exaggeration of the faults and 
virtues of another. 

In 1884 Dr. Tucker married Miss Emma Kro- 
nenberg, a daughter of Mr. Joseph Kronenberg, 
an old and prominent hardware merchant of 
Hamburgh, New York. Mrs. Tucker is a lady 
of much artistic culture, and delights in beautify- 



ing her comfortable home, whose happiness is 
heightened by the presence of the little three- 

year-old daughter, Inez, a bright, attractive child 
of unusual intelligence. 



THE true measure of one's success is what one 
has accomplished, and he best fulfills his 
mission in life who best uses his abilities and op- 
portunities. When measured by these standards, 
Hempstead Washburne, though he has scarce 
reached the meridian of life, must be classed with 
those successful men who have made the most 
and best of themselves. He is a native of Illi- 
nois, and was born at Galena, on November n, 

His father, the Hon. Elihu B. Washburne, was 
a man of extraordinary ability, whose name is 
enrolled with those of Illinois' ablest statesmen 
and most honored citizens. He was a lineal de- 
scendant of John Washburne, who was secretary 
of the Colony of Plymouth. He was for eighteen 
years a member of Congress from Illinois ; Secre- 
tary of State during the administration of Presi- 
dent Grant, and for eight years Minister to France. 
In this last-named capacity he rendered most 
praiseworthy services during the Franco-Prussian 
War of 1871-1872. 

The mother of our subject was, before her mar- 
riage, Miss Adele Gratiot, whose immediate an- 
cestors were among the early settlers of St. Louis, 
Missouri. Her father, Col. Henry Gratiot, moved 
to Galena, Illinois, when it was first opened up as 
a mining settlement. Her mother our subject's 
maternal grandmother was, before her marriage, 
a Miss Hempstead, whose father was a revolu- 
tionary soldier and a companion of Capt. Nathan 
Hale, on his ill-fated excursion to the British 
lines, when he (Hale) was captured by the British 
and hanged as a spy. 

Hempstead attended the public schools during 
his boyhood, and prepared for college at Kent's 
Hill, Maine, where he was graduated in 1871. In 
the summer of that year he visited Europe and 
pursued a two years' course of study in the Uni- 
versity of Bonn, Germany. Upon his return to 
this country in 1873, he became a student in the law 
department of University of Wisconsin at Madi- 

son, and was graduated therefrom in one year, after 
which he pursued a supplementary law course in 
the Union College of Law at Chicago, and was 
graduated in 1875. He began the practice of his 
profession at once, opening an office with Mr. 
Henry S. Robins, under the firm name of Wash- 
burne & Robins. This firm afterwards became 
associated with the Hon. Lyman Trumbull, the 
firm name changing to Trumbull, Washburne & 
Robins, and so continued until 1885. During 
that time Mr. Washburne came to be recognized 
as a young lawyer of fine abilities, for which, with 
his manly, personal qualities, he was greatly 
esteemed. He was appointed a Master in Chan- 
cery for the Superior Court in 1880, and held that 
office until he was elected City Attorney in 1885, 
whereupon he resigned and also withdrew from 
his law firm. He was re-elected City Attorney 
in 1887, and at the end of his second term de- 
clined to stand for a third nomination in order 
that he might resume his private practice, which 
he did in connection with Mr. Theodore Bren- 
tano now a Judge of the Superior Court under 
the firm name of Washburne & Brentano. In 1888 
he was candidate for Congressional nomination, 
but was defeated at the primary election by an 
almost tie vote, Hon. George E. Adams being his 
successful competitor. In March, 1891, Mr. 
Washburne was nominated by acclamation for 
the office of Mayor of Chicago, and in April 
following, after a most exciting campaign, was 
elected. His term of office will expire in the 
spring of 1893. 

As a lawyer Mr. Washburne maintained a high 
standing among his associates at the bar, and 
was esteemed by them, not only as an able law- 
yer, but also as a high-minded gentleman. His 
success as City Attorney is sufficiently attested 
by the fact that he voluntarily declined a third 
nomination for that office. In his present high 
and responsible office he has shown executive 
ability beyond the expectation of his warmest 


supporters. He has called about himself, as 
heads of the various departments of the city gov- 
ernment, men of well-known high standing, and 
instituted and put into operation many needed 
reforms ; and under his administration the affairs 
of the city have been conducted in a business- 
like manner, that challenges the admiration of all 
fair-minded men. In all his varied relations, Mr. 
Washburne has maintained a manly independence. 
He is a man of strong convictions, firm in his de- 
terminations, and seldom retreats from a position 
once taken. He thinks for himself and acts in 
accordance with what he believes to be right and 
best. Under all circumstances he has the cour- 
age of his convictions, and is frank and outspoken 
in his beliefs. He has a vigorous, active mind, 
and his public utterances are terse, forceful and 
practical. He has much oratorical ability, and in 
his address at the unveiling of the Grant monu- 
ment in 1891, surprised even his friends in this 

particular. He is a staunch Republican, and has 
been ever since he was old enough to vote. In 
religious matters he is thoroughly independent ; 
he is a member of no church or religious denomi- 

In June, 1883, Mr. Washburne married Miss 
Annie M. Clarke, daughter of Mr. J. V. Clarke, 
president of the Hibernian Bank, Chicago. 

Mr. Washburne has a rugged physique, is of 
medium height and somewhat stout. For exer- 
cise he is much given to horseback riding in the 
early morning. He has black hair and mous- 
tache, a rather swarthy complexion, and bright, 
dark brown eyes. He has a courtly, pleasing 
manner, is a genial companion, loves good fellow- 
ship and is loyal to his friends. He belongs to 
several of Chicago's prominent clubs and social 
organizations ; but withal is a man of domestic 
and literary tastes, and in his own home finds his 
highest enjoyment. 



LYMAN EVERINGHAM, president of the 
Columbia National Bank of Chicago, was 
born at Geneva, New York, September 9, 1831, and 
is the son of Rev. J. S. Everingham, a Baptist clergy- 
man, widely known in Central and Western New 
York as one of the most progressive and strong- 
minded preachers of the day. 

His early life was passed at various points in 
the Empire State, where his father was settled as 
pastor. He is the oldest of eight children, four 
brothers and four sisters, all of whom are still liv- 
ing. At the age of twenty he left school to take a 
clerkship in the general office of the Buffalo, Corn- 
ing and New York Railroad. Feeling conscious 
of possessing ability, and eager to begin life for 
himself, he performed his duties with the same 
enthusiasm which has characterized his entire life. 
His unflinching perseverance and industry, to- 
gether with iron-clad principle and sterling worth, 
were very soon recognized, and within two years 
he was promoted to the position of auditor of 
accounts and pay-master, which position he filled 
with great credit to himself for three years. Be- 
ing anxious to come West and grow up with it, 

he resigned his position in March, 1856, and ac- 
cepted the position of freight agent of the La 
Crosse and Milwaukee Railroad, with his office at 
Milwaukee, where he remained for nine years, the 
line of road mentioned being embraced in the 
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul system during 
the time. He was known as the " model agent," 
being courteous and gentlemanly under all cir- 
cumstances to the patrons of the road ; he was 
exceedingly popular with the public, and when 
he resigned, in 1865, he was urged by the direct- 
ors to remain and to name his own salary. In 
1865, he entered into partnership with E. P. 
Bacon, who resigned as general ticket agent of 
the same road, and at the same time to engage in 
a general commission business at Milwaukee, 
under the style of Bacon & Everingham, great 
success characterizing their business from the 
first. In 1874, Mr. Bacon retired from the firm, 
and Mr. Everingham has since continued the 
business under the name of L. Everingham and 
Company, moving to Chicago in 1880 to take 
charge of their rapidly increasing business in 
that city. 





In February, 1891. Mr. Everingham was unani- 
mously elected president of the Columbia Nation- 
al Bank of Chicago. His business record has 
been one that any man would be proud of pos- 
sessing. Beginning at the very bottom round of 
the ladder, he has advanced steadily, step by 
step, until he is now occupying a position of 
prominence and trust reached by very few men. 
Through his entire business career he has been 
looked upon as a model of integrity and honor, 
never having met with setbacks or making any 
engagement that he has not performed, and he 

stands to-day as a prominent example of what 
determination and force, combined with the 
highest degree of honor and integrity, can ac- 
complish for a man of natural ability and force 
of character. 

He is a man of cheerful countenance and be- 
nignant appearance, having a friendly word, a 
kindly smile, and a sympathetic heart for all. 
He is highly respected by the community at 
large, honored by his business associates, and 
admired for his innate honor and true Christian 



JACOB ROSENBERG was born at Altenmuhr, 
Bavaria, March 25, 1819, the son of Bern- 
hardt and Gidel Rosenberg. He received a com- 
mon school education in his native town, and 
while good in general studies, was especially so in 
mathematics. He left school at the age of thir- 
teen, when he was apprenticed to the shoemaker's 
trade, which he followed in his native place five 
years, and in 1837 immigrated to the United 
States, landing in New York, August 18. The 
first six months he applied himself to his trade, but 
not finding it lucrative, he determined to try the 
fortunes of a peddler. Providing himself with a 
stock of merchandise he set out for the far North- 
west, going first to Pittsburgh, thence by steam- 
boat down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to the 
various trading posts in the Northwest country. 
At that time only a military post occupied the 
site of the present St. Paul, and Minneapolis had 
not been thought of. The population of that sec- 
tion was composed mostly of Indians, trappers, 
traders- and soldiers. Our enterprising trader 
made four or five trips between New York and 
the Northwest between 1837 and 1842, meeting 
with numerous adventures incident to frontier life. 
Having accumulated some capital and desiring a 
more settled life and occupation, in 1843 ne went 
to Chicago, then a small frontier town, which was 
attracting some attention, and embarked in the 
dry goods business on Lake street, in company 
with Mr. Levi Rosenfcld under the style of Ro- 
senfeld and Rosenberg. He remained in this 

business uninterruptedly and with success until 
1869, when he sold out. 

Mr. Rosenberg has since given his entire per- 
sonal attention to his large and increasing prop- 
erty interests, which have been so carefully and 
judiciously managed as to place him now among 
the wealthiest citizens of Chicago. Since 1873 he 
has been a director, and a part of that time, vice- 
President of the Inter-State Exposition Com- 

In 1876 he was elected alderman from the old 
second ward and made an exceptionally fine 
record. Mr. Rosenberg's politics have always 
been Republican. He has been connected with 
the Masonic fraternity since 1844, and was a mem- 
ber of Lafayette Lodge of Chicago, now disbanded, 
and a charter member of Chicago Lodge, 437, in- 
stituted in 1864, from which lodge he received a 
life-membership diploma, January i, 1890, to 
which only members of twenty-five years' un- 
broken membership are entitled. 

Since 1847 Mr. Rosenberg has been an active 
member of the Jewish congregation Kehilath 
Anshe Mayriv, whose beautiful temple stands at 
the corner of Indiana avenue and Thirty-third 
street. He is a trustee and also the Vice-Presi- 
dent of the congregation. He may be consid- 
ered as belonging to the more conservative ele- 
ment of his people in matters relating to the 

Mr. Rosenberg has also been active in benevo- 
lent affairs, being a director of the Michael Rees 



Hospital at Twenty-ninth street and Cottage 
Grove avenue, founded by the generosity of the 
late Michael Rees ; also a director of the United 
Hebrew Relief Association of Chicago. As an in- 
stance of his liberality it is said that Mr. Rosen- 
berg purchased, a few years ago, at Dunning 
Station, in the town of Jefferson, twenty acres of 
land which he donated as a cemetery for the 
members of his congregation. Mr. Rosenberg 
gave much personal attention to the laying out 
and improving of the grounds, the total outlay 
for which was about fifty thousand dollars. 

On the loth of October, 1847, Mr. Rosenberg 
was united in marriage with Miss Hannah Rees, 
of Chicago, a sister of the late Michael Rees, of 
whom mention has been made. The fruit of this 
marriage was three sons and two daughters. 
This faithful companion in marriage, and the 
sharer of his joys and sorrows for so many years, 
was Suddenly called from him by death, in Janu- 
ary, 1890. She possessed especially vigorous 

traits of character and her life was filled with 
good works. 

Mr. Rosenberg has made various trips to Eu- 
rope for recreation and pleasure. He has a lux- 
urious home in a select portion of the South 
Division of Chicago, where he enjoys the filial 
ministrations of a daughter. His reputation is 
that of a sociable, generous, kindly-dispositioned 
man. His habits of life are simple and temper- 
ate to a high degree, and his character, viewed in 
any aspect, is admired by all who know him. He 
is tall and erect and of commanding figure even at 
his advanced age, and although the fingers of 
Time have chiseled a few lines upon his face, still 
they have not effaced the signs of character 
which mark it to the eye of the observer. 

In the evening of a well-rounded, successful 
career, Mr. Rosenberg's history is well worthy the 
study of all who would profit by a noble exam- 
ple of success in life by perseverance, fidelity and 
strict adherence to right. 



DR. JAMES B. McFATRICH, who has 
achieved eminence as an occulist, aurist 
and surgeon, was born in Lena, Stephenson 
county, Illinois, on the fourth day of April, 1862. 
He attended the common and high schools of his 
native town, and afterwards entered the Upper 
Iowa University, f